NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Li, Hong Ying; Li, Jian; Liu, Yong Jun
2015-12-01
This paper studies characteristics of 1:3 internal resonances and its bifurcations for an axially moving unidirectional plate partially immersed in a fluid under foundation displacement excitation. The fluid is assumed to be inviscid and incompressible. Based on Von Kármán large deflection equations of thin plates, and consider the influences of axial movement of the plate, axial tension, fluid-structure interaction and foundation displacement, nonlinear vibration equations of an axially moving plate are established. By applying the Galerkin technique, the vibration equations are discretized, and thus achieve nonlinear differential equations on mode coordinates. Due to the influence of foundation displacement, there are more than two excitation items in the mode equations. Moreover, excitation amplitude is not a constant value, but a function of excitation frequency. Adopting numerical method and approximate analysis method, the equations are solved, moreover frequency-response curves and time histories under internal resonance system are also obtained, the stability of periodic solution is also discussed. Global bifurcation phenomenon of averaging equations is studied for 1:3 internal resonance system. Changing course of periodic solution of the system and its complex nonlinear dynamic characteristics are revealed through bifurcation diagrams and phase trajectory diagrams.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ikeda, Takashi; Harata, Yuji; Osasa, Takefumi
2016-01-01
Nonlinear sloshing in rectangular tanks subjected to obliquely horizontal, harmonic excitation is investigated when the internal resonance condition 1:1 is satisfied between the natural frequencies of predominate modes (1, 0) and (0, 2). Galerkin's method is employed to derive the nonlinear modal equations of motion for sloshing, considering nine sloshing modes. Then, van der Pol's method is applied in order to obtain the expressions of the frequency response curves for amplitudes and phase angles of the predominate modes. The frequency response curves are calculated and reveal that (0, 2) mode may occur even though it is not directly excited because it is nonlinearly coupled with (1, 0) mode due to the autoparametric terms. In the numerical simulations, it is found that planar motions of (1, 0) mode, clockwise and counter-clockwise swirl motions, and translational motions may appear. Furthermore, Hopf bifurcation occurs, and amplitude modulated motions (AMMs), including chaotic motions, may appear depending on the value of the excitation frequency. Three-dimensional distribution charts of the maximum liquid surface elevation are calculated to show the risk of liquid overspill. The influence of the difference between the horizontal excitation direction and the tank side on the frequency response curves is also examined. Bifurcation sets are calculated to clarify this influence. Experimental data confirmed the validity of the theoretical results.
Resonant tidal excitation of internal waves in the Earth's fluid core
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tyler, Robert H.; Kuang, Weijia
2014-07-01
It has long been speculated that there is a stably stratified layer below the core-mantle boundary, and two recent studies have improved the constraints on the parameters describing this stratification. Here we consider the dynamical implications of this layer using a simplified model. We first show that the stratification in this surface layer has sensitive control over the rate at which tidal energy is transferred to the core. We then show that when the stratification parameters from the recent studies are used in this model, a resonant configuration arrives whereby tidal forces perform elevated rates of work in exciting core flow. Specifically, the internal wave speed derived from the two independent studies (150 and 155 m/s) are in remarkable agreement with the speed (152 m/s) required for excitation of the primary normal mode of oscillation as calculated from full solutions of the Laplace Tidal Equations applied to a reduced-gravity idealized model representing the stratified layer. In evaluating this agreement it is noteworthy that the idealized model assumed may be regarded as the most reduced representation of the stratified dynamics of the layer, in that there are no non-essential dynamical terms in the governing equations assumed. While it is certainly possible that a more realistic treatment may require additional dynamical terms or coupling, it is also clear that this reduced representation includes no freedom for coercing the correlation described. This suggests that one must accept either (1) that tidal forces resonantly excite core flow and this is predicted by a simple model or (2) that either the independent estimates or the dynamical model does not accurately portray the core surface layer and there has simply been an unlikely coincidence between three estimates of a stratification parameter which would otherwise have a broad plausible range.
RESONANT CAVITY EXCITATION SYSTEM
Baker, W.R.
1959-08-01
A cavity excitation circuit is described for rapidly building up and maintaining high-level oscillations in a resonant cavity. The circuit overcomes oscillation buildup slowing effects such as ion locking in the cavity by providing for the selective application of an amplified accelerating drive signal to the main cavity exciting oscillator during oscillation buildup and a direct drive signal to the oscillator thereafter.
Magnetostrictive resonance excitation
Schwarz, Ricardo B.; Kuokkala, Veli-Tapani
1992-01-01
The resonance frequency spectrum of a magnetostrictive sample is remotely determined by exciting the magnetostrictive property with an oscillating magnetic field. The permeability of a magnetostrictive material and concomitant coupling with a detection coil varies with the strain in the material whereby resonance responses of the sample can be readily detected. A suitable sample may be a magnetostrictive material or some other material having at least one side coated with a magnetostrictive material. When the sample is a suitable shape, i.e., a cube, rectangular parallelepiped, solid sphere or spherical shell, the elastic moduli or the material can be analytically determined from the measured resonance frequency spectrum. No mechanical transducers are required and the sample excitation is obtained without contact with the sample, leading to highly reproducible results and a measurement capability over a wide temperature range, e.g. from liquid nitrogen temperature to the Curie temperature of the magnetostrictive material.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Łuczko, J.
2002-08-01
A geometrically non-linear model of the rotating shaft is introduced, which includes Kárman non-linearity, non-linear curvature effects, large displacements and rotations as well as gyroscopic effects. Through applying Timoshenko-type assumptions, the shear effects are also included in the model. Convenient matrix descriptions are used in order to facilitate the analysis based on Galerkin and continuation methods. The model is used to analyze the phenomenon of internal resonance. The influence of some of the system's parameters on the amplitude and frequency of self-excited vibration is investigated.
Acoustically excited heated jets. 1: Internal excitation
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lepicovsky, J.; Ahuja, K. K.; Brown, W. H.; Salikuddin, M.; Morris, P. J.
1988-01-01
The effects of relatively strong upstream acoustic excitation on the mixing of heated jets with the surrounding air are investigated. To determine the extent of the available information on experiments and theories dealing with acoustically excited heated jets, an extensive literature survey was carried out. The experimental program consisted of flow visualization and flowfield velocity and temperature measurements for a broad range of jet operating and flow excitation conditions. A 50.8-mm-diam nozzle was used for this purpose. Parallel to the experimental study, an existing theoretical model of excited jets was refined to include the region downstream of the jet potential core. Excellent agreement was found between theory and experiment in moderately heated jets. However, the theory has not yet been confirmed for highly heated jets. It was found that the sensitivity of heated jets to upstream acoustic excitation varies strongly with the jet operating conditions and that the threshold excitation level increases with increasing jet temperature. Furthermore, the preferential Strouhal number is found not to change significantly with a change of the jet operating conditions. Finally, the effects of the nozzle exit boundary layer thickness appear to be similar for both heated and unheated jets at low Mach numbers.
Convective Excitation of Internal Waves
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lecoanet, Daniel; Le Bars, Michael; Burns, Keaton; Vasil, Geoffrey; Quataert, Eliot; Brown, Benjamin; Oishi, Jeffrey
2015-11-01
We will present a joint experimental & computational study of internal wave generation by convection. First we describe an experiment using the peculiar property of water that its density maximum is at 4° C . A tank of water cooled from below and heated from above develops a cold, convective layer near 4° C at the bottom of the tank, adjacent to a hot stably stratified layer at the top of the tank. We simulate this setup in 2D using the open-source Dedalus code (dedalus-project.org). Our simulations show that waves are excited from within the convection zone, opposed to at the interface between the convective and stably stratified regions. Finally, we will present 3D simulations of internal wave excitation by convection in a fully compressible atmosphere with multiple density scaleheights. These simulations provide greater freedom in choosing the thermal equilibrium of the system, and are run at higher Rayleigh number. The simulated waves are then compared to analytic predictions of the bulk excitation model.
Tilted excitation implies odd periodic resonances.
Depetri, G I; Sartorelli, J C; Marin, B; Baptista, M S
2016-07-01
Our aim is to unveil how resonances of parametric systems are affected when symmetry is broken. We showed numerically and experimentally that odd resonances indeed come about when the pendulum is excited along a tilted direction. Applying the Melnikov subharmonic function, we not only determined analytically the loci of saddle-node bifurcations delimiting resonance regions in parameter space but also explained these observations by demonstrating that, under the Melnikov method point of view, odd resonances arise due to an extra torque that appears in the asymmetric case. PMID:27575118
Tilted excitation implies odd periodic resonances
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Depetri, G. I.; Sartorelli, J. C.; Marin, B.; Baptista, M. S.
2016-07-01
Our aim is to unveil how resonances of parametric systems are affected when symmetry is broken. We showed numerically and experimentally that odd resonances indeed come about when the pendulum is excited along a tilted direction. Applying the Melnikov subharmonic function, we not only determined analytically the loci of saddle-node bifurcations delimiting resonance regions in parameter space but also explained these observations by demonstrating that, under the Melnikov method point of view, odd resonances arise due to an extra torque that appears in the asymmetric case.
Artificial Excitation of Schumann Resonance with HAARP
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Streltsov, A. V.; Chang, C. L.
2014-12-01
We report results from the experiment aimed at the artificial excitation of extremely-low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic waves with frequencies corresponding to the frequency of Schumann resonance (typically, 7.5 - 8.0 Hz frequency range). Electromagnetic waves with these frequencies can form a standing pattern inside the spherical cavity formed by the surface of the earth and the ionosphere. In the experiment the ELF waves were excited by heating the ionosphere with X-mode HF electromagnetic waves generated by the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) facility in Alaska. The experiment demonstrates that heating of the ionosphere can excite relatively large-amplitude electromagnetic waves with frequencies in the range of the Schumann resonance, when the ionosphere has a strong F-layer and an electric field greater than 5 mV/m is present in the E-region.
Unstable resonators with excited converging wave
Hodgson, N. ); Weber, H. )
1990-04-01
This paper reports the properties of unstable resonators with an additional mirror inside or outside the resonator investigated, both experimentally and theoretically. The additional mirror excites the converging wave, and by this, output coupling is decreased without affecting beam quality. Experiments were performed with a pulsed Nd:YAG system. The theoretical model was based on the coupled Kirchhoff integrals and solved numerically. Agreement between theory and experiments indicates that this kind of resonator provides high focusability and maximum extraction efficiency simultaneously, even with low-gain media. This enables one to apply unstable resonators to solid-state lasers with low small-signal gain, like alexandrite or CW-pumped Nd:YAG.
He photoionization dominated by doubly excited resonances
Chang, T.N.; Zhen, M.
1993-05-01
We present the theoretical He photoionization, cross sections from the ground and the {sup 1,3}S bound excited states using a B-spline based configuration-interaction procedure for continuum (CIC). The resonant structures associated with selected sp,2n{sup {plus_minus}} and 2pnd {sup 1,3}P autoionization series below the He{sup +} N=2 threshold will be expressed quantitatively in terms of their resonant energies, widths, and peak cross sections. Comparisons with earlier theoretical results and recent experimental measurement will be presented. The nonresonant spectra from the 1s2s {sup 1,3}S metastable states will also be reexamined.
Rabi resonances in the {lambda} excitation scheme
Godone, Aldo; Micalizio, Salvatore; Levi, Filippo
2002-12-01
We consider the interaction of a three-level system with phase-modulated resonant fields in the {lambda} excitation scheme. We treat theoretically the case of a sinusoidal phase modulation, a phase step perturbation, and a stochastic phase modulation. The appearance of a Rabi resonance both in the spectrum of the optical transmitted signal (electromagnetically induced transparency) and in the spectrum of the microwave emission (coherent population trapping maser) is considered in detail. All the theoretical results are compared with the analogous ones reported for the two-level system and with our experimental observations obtained for the case of rubidium in a buffer gas.
Mirroring Doubly Excited Resonances in Argon
Canton-Rogan, S. E.; Wills, A. A.; Gorczyca, T. W.; Wiedenhoeft, M.; Nayandin, O.; Liu, Chien-Nan; Berrah, N.
2000-10-09
New features are revealed in the low-energy photoionization spectrum of Ar by critically combining high photon resolution and differential photoelectron spectroscopic techniques. Two LS -forbidden doubly excited resonances are seen in the 3p{sup -1}{sub 3/2,1/2} partial cross sections which exhibit mirroring profiles, resulting in complete cancellation in the total photoionization cross section, as was predicted by Liu and Starace [Phys.Rev.A 59, R1731 (1999)]. These results demonstrate that a new class of weakly spin-orbit induced, mirroring resonances should be observable in partial, but not in total, collisional cross sections involving atoms, molecules, and solids in general.
Coulomb and nuclear excitations of narrow resonances in 17Ne
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Marganiec, J.; Wamers, F.; Aksouh, F.; Aksyutina, Yu.; Álvarez-Pol, H.; Aumann, T.; Beceiro-Novo, S.; Bertulani, C. A.; Boretzky, K.; Borge, M. J. G.; Chartier, M.; Chatillon, A.; Chulkov, L. V.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Emling, H.; Ershova, O.; Fraile, L. M.; Fynbo, H. O. U.; Galaviz, D.; Geissel, H.; Heil, M.; Hoffmann, D. H. H.; Hoffmann, J.; Johansson, H. T.; Jonson, B.; Karagiannis, C.; Kiselev, O. A.; Kratz, J. V.; Kulessa, R.; Kurz, N.; Langer, C.; Lantz, M.; Le Bleis, T.; Lemmon, R.; Litvinov, Yu. A.; Mahata, K.; Müntz, C.; Nilsson, T.; Nociforo, C.; Nyman, G.; Ott, W.; Panin, V.; Paschalis, S.; Perea, A.; Plag, R.; Reifarth, R.; Richter, A.; Rodriguez-Tajes, C.; Rossi, D.; Riisager, K.; Savran, D.; Schrieder, G.; Simon, H.; Stroth, J.; Sümmerer, K.; Tengblad, O.; Typel, S.; Weick, H.; Wiescher, M.; Wimmer, C.
2016-08-01
New experimental data for dissociation of relativistic 17Ne projectiles incident on targets of lead, carbon, and polyethylene targets at GSI are presented. Special attention is paid to the excitation and decay of narrow resonant states in 17Ne. Distributions of internal energy in the 15O + p + p three-body system have been determined together with angular and partial-energy correlations between the decay products in different energy regions. The analysis was done using existing experimental data on 17Ne and its mirror nucleus 17N. The isobaric multiplet mass equation is used for assignment of observed resonances and their spins and parities. A combination of data from the heavy and light targets yielded cross sections and transition probabilities for the Coulomb excitations of the narrow resonant states. The resulting transition probabilities provide information relevant for a better understanding of the 17Ne structure.
Information resonance in a model excitable system
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gorecki, Jerzy; Gorecki, Adam; Lemarchand, Annie; Nowakowski, Bogdan
2013-06-01
We consider a simple mesoscopic model of an excitable thermochemical system for which the system temperature as a function of time has a form of irregular spikes. The interspike intervals are mapped onto elements of a formal alphabet. The time evolution of system temperature is represented by a string over this alphabet. We demonstrate that the entropy of such string reaches a minimum for the values of model parameters where the coherence resonance of interspike intervals is observed.
Resonance Raman excitation profiles of lycopene
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hoskins, L. C.
1981-01-01
The resonance Raman spectrum of lycopene has been examined in acetone solvent and excitation profiles of the three fundamentals ν1, ν2, and ν3 have been determined. The excitation data and the visible spectrum have been analyzed using two-mode and three-mode vibrational models, with the two-mode model involving virtual states of ν1 and ν2 giving the best fit to the data. This mode mixing or Duskinsky effect was not observed for β-carotene. The single-mode and three-mode theories which have been used to explain the corresponding data for β-carotene are shown to be inconsistent with the experimental data of lycopene. Equations for calculating excitation profiles and visible spectra are given.
BROADBAND EXCITATION IN NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
Tycko, R.
1984-10-01
Theoretical methods for designing sequences of radio frequency (rf) radiation pulses for broadband excitation of spin systems in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) are described. The sequences excite spins uniformly over large ranges of resonant frequencies arising from static magnetic field inhomogeneity, chemical shift differences, or spin couplings, or over large ranges of rf field amplitudes. Specific sequences for creating a population inversion or transverse magnetization are derived and demonstrated experimentally in liquid and solid state NMR. One approach to broadband excitation is based on principles of coherent averaging theory. A general formalism for deriving pulse sequences is given, along with computational methods for specific cases. This approach leads to sequences that produce strictly constant transformations of a spin system. The importance of this feature in NMR applications is discussed. A second approach to broadband excitation makes use of iterative schemes, i.e. sets of operations that are applied repetitively to a given initial pulse sequences, generating a series of increasingly complex sequences with increasingly desirable properties. A general mathematical framework for analyzing iterative schemes is developed. An iterative scheme is treated as a function that acts on a space of operators corresponding to the transformations produced by all possible pulse sequences. The fixed points of the function and the stability of the fixed points are shown to determine the essential behavior of the scheme. Iterative schemes for broadband population inversion are treated in detail. Algebraic and numerical methods for performing the mathematical analysis are presented. Two additional topics are treated. The first is the construction of sequences for uniform excitation of double-quantum coherence and for uniform polarization transfer over a range of spin couplings. Double-quantum excitation sequences are demonstrated in a liquid crystal system. The
Electromagnetic excitation of the Delta(1232) resonance
V. Pascalutsa; M. Vanderhaeghen; Shin Nan Yang
2006-09-05
We review the description of the lowest-energy nucleon excitation--the Delta(1232)-resonance. Much of the recent effort has been focused on the precision measurements of the nucleon to Delta transition by means of electromagnetic probes. We review the results of those measurements and confront them with the state-of-the-art calculations based on chiral effective-field theories (EFT), lattice QCD, and QCD-inspired models. Some of the theoretical approaches are reviewed in detail. In particular, we describe the chiral EFT of QCD in the energy domain of the Delta-resonance, and its applications to the electromagnetic nucleon-to-Delta transition (gamma N Delta). We also describe the recent dynamical and unitary-isobar models of pion electroproduction which are extensively used in the extraction of the gamma* N Delta form factors from experiment. Furthermore, we discuss the link of the gamma* N Delta form factors to generalized parton distributions (GPDs), as well as the predictions of perturbative QCD for these transition form factors. The present status of understanding the Delta-resonance properties and the nature of its excitation is summarized.
Vibrational resonance in excitable neuronal systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yu, Haitao; Wang, Jiang; Liu, Chen; Deng, Bin; Wei, Xile
2011-12-01
In this paper, we investigate the effect of a high-frequency driving on the dynamical response of excitable neuronal systems to a subthreshold low-frequency signal by numerical simulation. We demonstrate the occurrence of vibrational resonance in spatially extended neuronal networks. Different network topologies from single small-world networks to modular networks of small-world subnetworks are considered. It is shown that an optimal amplitude of high-frequency driving enhances the response of neuron populations to a low-frequency signal. This effect of vibrational resonance of neuronal systems depends extensively on the network structure and parameters, such as the coupling strength between neurons, network size, and rewiring probability of single small-world networks, as well as the number of links between different subnetworks and the number of subnetworks in the modular networks. All these parameters play a key role in determining the ability of the network to enhance the outreach of the localized subthreshold low-frequency signal. Considering that two-frequency signals are ubiquity in brain dynamics, we expect the presented results could have important implications for the weak signal detection and information propagation across neuronal systems.
Seeded excitation avalanches in off-resonantly driven Rydberg gases
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Simonelli, C.; Valado, M. M.; Masella, G.; Asteria, L.; Arimondo, E.; Ciampini, D.; Morsch, O.
2016-08-01
We report an experimental investigation of the facilitated excitation dynamics in off-resonantly driven Rydberg gases by separating the initial off-resonant excitation phase from the facilitation phase, in which successive facilitation events lead to excitation avalanches. We achieve this by creating a controlled number of initial seed excitations. Greater insight into the avalanche mechanism is obtained from an analysis of the full counting distributions. We also present simple mathematical models and numerical simulations of the excitation avalanches that agree well with our experimental results.
Mukai, Y.; Hirori, H.; Yamamoto, T.; Kageyama, H.; Tanaka, K.
2014-07-14
Excitation of antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) in a HoFeO{sub 3} crystal combined with a split ring resonator (SRR) is studied using terahertz (THz) electromagnetic pulses. The magnetic field in the vicinity of the SRR is induced by the incident THz electric field component and excites spin oscillations that correspond to the AFMR, which are directly probed by the Faraday rotation of the polarization of a near-infrared probe pulse. The good agreement of the temperature-dependent magnetization dynamics with the calculation using the two-lattice Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation confirms that the AFMR is excited by the THz magnetic field, which is enhanced at the SRR resonance frequency by a factor of 20 compared to the incident magnetic field.
The study of piezoelectric lateral-electric-field-excited resonator.
Zaitsev, Boris; Kuznetsova, Iren; Shikhabudinov, Alexander; Teplykh, Andrey; Borodina, Irina
2014-01-01
The piezoelectric lateral-electric-field-excited resonator based on an X-cut lithium niobate plate has been investigated. Two rectangular electrodes were applied on one side of the plate so that the lateral electric field components were parallel to the crystallographic Y-axis and excited the longitudinal wave in the gap between the electrodes. The region around the electrodes was covered with a special absorbing varnish to suppress the spurious oscillations. The effect of the absorbing coating width on the resonant frequency and Q-factor of the lateral field-excited resonator was studied in detail with the series and parallel resonances for different width of the gap between the electrodes. As a result, we found experimentally the parameter regions of pure resonances and the boundaries of value variation for resonance frequency, Q-factor, and effective electromechanical coupling coefficient. PMID:24402903
Excitation and photon decay of giant resonances excited by intermediate energy heavy ions
Bertrand, F.E.; Beene, J.R.
1987-01-01
Inelastic scattering of medium energy heavy ions provides very large cross sections and peak-to-continuum ratios for excitation of giant resonances. For energies above about 50 MeV/nucleon, giant resonances are excited primarily through Coulomb excitation, which is indifferent to isospin, thus providing a good probe for the study of isovector giant resonances. The extremely large cross sections available from heavy ion excitation permit the study of rare decay modes of the giant resonances. In particular, recent measurements have been made of the photon decay of giant resonances following excitation by 22 and 84 MeV/nucleon /sup 17/O projectiles. The singles results at 84 MeV/nucleon yield peak cross sections for the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance and the isovector giant dipole resonance of approximately 0.8 and 3 barns/sr, respectively. Data on the ground state decay of the isoscalar giant quadrupole and isovector giant dipole resonances are presented and compared with calculations. Decays to low-lying excited states are also discussed. Preliminary results from an experiment to isolate the /sup 208/Pb isovector quadrupole resonance using its gamma decay are presented. 22 refs., 19 figs., 1 tab.
Energy harvesting by dynamic unstability and internal resonance for piezoelectric beam
Lan, Chunbo; Qin, Weiyang Deng, Wangzheng
2015-08-31
We investigated the energy harvesting of a vertical beam with tip mass under vertical excitations. We applied dynamic unstability and internal resonance to improve the efficiency of harvesting. The experiments of harmonic excitation were carried out. Results show that for the beam there exist internal resonances in the dynamically unstable and the buckling bistable cases. The dynamic unstability is a determinant for strong internal resonance or mode coupling, which can be used to create a large output from piezoelectric patches. Then, the experiments of stochastic excitation were carried out. Results prove that the internal resonance or mode coupling can transfer the excitation energy to the low order modes, mainly the first and the second one. This can bring about a large output voltage. For a stochastic excitation, it is proved that there is an optimal weight of tip mass for realizing internal resonance and producing large outputs.
Resonances in periodically forced excitable systems
Dolnik, M. |; Marek, M.; Epstein, I.R.
1992-04-16
Using a phase excitation curve, this paper studies single and periodic pulse perturbations in two model excitable systems, a four-variable extended Oregonator and a six-variable model of the chlorite-iodide reaction. 12 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.
Excitation of dark multipolar plasmonic resonances at terahertz frequencies
Chen, Lin; Wei, YuMing; Zang, XiaoFei; Zhu, YiMing; Zhuang, SongLin
2016-01-01
We experimentally observe the excitation of dark multipolar spoof localized surface plasmon resonances in a hybrid structure consisting of a corrugated metallic disk coupled with a C-shaped dipole resonator. The uncoupled corrugated metallic disk only supports a dipolar resonance in the transmission spectrum due to perfect symmetry of the structure. However, the dark multipolar spoof localized surface plasmon resonances emerge when coupled with a bright C-shaped resonator which is placed in the vicinity of the corrugated metallic disk. These excited multipolar resonances show minimum influence on the coupling distance between the C-shaped resonator and corrugated metallic disk. The resonance frequencies of the radiative modes are controlled by varying the angle of the C-shaped resonator and the inner disk radius, both of which play dominant roles in the excitation of the spoof localized surface plasmons. Observation of such a transition from the dark to radiative nature of multipolar spoof localized plasmon resonances would find potential applications in terahertz based resonant plasmonic and metamaterial devices. PMID:26903382
Transform analysis of the resonance Raman excitation profile of lycopene
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hoskins, L. C.
1992-10-01
The resonance Raman excitation profiles (RREPs) of the ν 1, ν 2 and ν 3 vibrations of lycopene in acetone, ethyl alcohol, toluene and carbon disulphide solvents have been analyzed using the transform method for calculating resonance Raman excitation profiles. The tests show excellent agreement between the calculated and observed profiles for the ν 2 and ν 3 RREPs, but greater difference between experiment and theory occurs for the ν 1 RREP, especially in carbon disulphide solvent.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Suda, S.; Nakano, Y.; Metoki, K.; Shindo, T.; Ohtsuki, S.; Azuma, T.; Hatakeyama, A.; Komaki, K.; Nakai, Y.; Takada, E.; Murakami, T.
2012-11-01
Projectile ionization of highly-charged Ar and Fe ions in the excited states passing relativistically fast through a thin crystalline foil was experimentally studied. We selectively controlled the population of the excited states of the projectiles, and their alignment by choosing a specific m-state through three-dimensional resonant coherent excitation technique by periodical electric fields in a crystalline. We measured energy-differential spectra of electron emission released from projectiles at zero degree. Under the resonance condition, we found an evident enhancement of the convoy electron yield, which reflects the electron momentum distribution of the initial bound state of the excited ions.
Modeling the acoustic excitation of a resonator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mandre, Shreyas; Mahadevan, Lakshminarayanan
2007-11-01
The sounding of a beverage bottle when blown on is a familiar but very little understood phenomenon. A very similar mechanism is used by musical wind instruments, like organ pipes and flutes, for sound production. This phenomenon falls under the general umbrella of flow induced oscillations and is representative of a more generic mechanism. The modeling of this phenomenon essentially involves two components. The first is the resonator, which bears the oscillations and this component is very well understood. The resonator, however, needs an external energy input to sustain the oscillations, which is provided by the jet of air blown. The dynamics of the jet and its interaction with the resonator is the primary focus of this talk. In particular, we provide a linearized model based on first principles to explain the feedback of energy from the jet to the resonator and compare the predictions with experimental results.
Multiphoton excitation of organic chromophores in microbubble resonators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cohoon, Gregory A.; Kieu, Khanh; Norwood, Robert A.
2014-03-01
We report the observation of multiphoton excitation of organic chromophores in microbubble whispering gallery mode resonators. High-Q microbubble resonators are a formed by heating a pressurized fused silica capillary to form a hollow bubble which can be filled with liquid. In this case, the microbubble is filled with a solution of Rhodamine 6G dye. The resonator and dye are excited by evanescently coupling CW light from a 980nm laser diode using a tapered optical fiber. The two-photon fluorescence of the dye can be seen with pump powers as low as 1 mW.
Decomposition Products of RDX and TNT after Resonant Laser Excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Monat, Jeremy; Gump, Jared
2009-06-01
This presentation describes research on the gas-phase products of decomposition of explosives after resonant laser excitation. We studied RDX, TNT, and formulations containing them after excitation by lasers in the infrared (10.6 4μm continuous-wave [CW]; resonant with ring vibrational modes) and ultraviolet (266 nm CW and pulsed [ca. 5 ns pulsewidth]; resonant with delocalized ring electronic absorptions). The decomposition products in air were identified by infrared spectroscopy and will be described as a function of laser wavelength and energy deposition timescale. Our results will be compared to decomposition pathways in the literature derived from resistive heating techniques.
Sensitive algorithm for multiple-excitation-wavelength resonance Raman spectroscopy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yellampalle, Balakishore; Wu, Hai-Shan; McCormick, William; Sluch, Mikhail; Martin, Robert; Ice, Robert; Lemoff, Brian E.
2014-05-01
Raman spectroscopy is a widely used spectroscopic technique with a number of applications. During the past few years, we explored the use of simultaneous multiple-excitation-wavelengths (MEW) in resonance Raman spectroscopy. This approach takes advantage of Raman band intensity variations across the Resonance Raman spectra obtained from two or more excitation wavelengths. Amplitude variations occur between corresponding Raman bands in Resonance Raman spectra due to complex interplay of resonant enhancement, self-absorption and laser penetration depth. We have developed a very sensitive algorithm to estimate concentration of an analyte from spectra obtained using the MEW technique. The algorithm uses correlations and least-square minimization approach to calculate an estimate for the concentration. For two or more excitation wavelengths, measured spectra were stacked in a two dimensional matrix. In a simple realization of the algorithm, we approximated peaks in the ideal library spectra as triangles. In this work, we present the performance of the algorithm with measurements obtained from a dual-excitation-wavelength Resonance Raman sensor. The novel sensor, developed at WVHTCF, detects explosives from a standoff distance. The algorithm was able to detect explosives with very high sensitivity even at signal-to-noise ratios as low as ~1.6. Receiver operating characteristics calculated using the algorithm showed a clear benefit in using the dual-excitation-wavelength technique over single-excitation-wavelength techniques. Variants of the algorithm that add more weight to amplitude variation information showed improved specificity to closely resembling spectra.
Resonant vibrational excitation of CO by low-energy electrons
Poparic, G. B.; Belic, D. S.; Vicic, M. D.
2006-06-15
Electron impact vibrational excitation of the CO molecule, via the {sup 2}{pi} resonance, in the 0-4 eV energy region has been investigated. The energy dependence of the resonant excitation of the first ten vibrational levels, v=1 to v=10, has been measured by use of a crossed-beams double trochoidal electron spectrometer. Obtained relative differential cross sections are normalized to the absolute values. Integral cross sections are determined by using our recent results on scattered electrons angular distributions, which demonstrate clear p-partial wave character of this resonance. Substructures appear in the {sup 2}{pi} resonant excitation of the CO molecule which have not been previously observed.
Double resonance spectroscopy of multiple-photon excited molecules
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Steinfeld, J. I.; Melzer, J. E.
1977-01-01
Multiple infrared photon absorption is a quite general process which molecules can undergo when placed in a high flux of infrared energy, such as the focussed beam of a CO2 laser. In order to understand how this process works, one must be able to follow the evolution of the molecules through their internal states, populated by photon absorption. Double-resonance spectroscopy is the method of a choice for getting at this information. A system pumped by CO2 laser radiation can be examined with a tunable laser probe beam, such as that from a lead-salt diode laser. From such an experiment, one can directly observe Rabi modulation of the absorption lines, determine elementary state-to-state relaxation pathways, and locate higher excited vibrational states. Systems currently under investigation include SF6 and vinyl chloride. In suitable cases, the probe beam can be a tunable visible or UV source, such as a dye laser. Fluorescence spectroscopy can then be used to monitor the transient absorptions produced by multiple-photon excitation. Among the systems which can be examined are biacetyl and glyoxal.
International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Azuma, T.; Nakano, Y.; Metoki, K.; Hatakeyama, A.; Nakai, Y.; Komaki, K.; Yamazaki, Y.; Takada, E.; Murakami, T.
2009-11-01
Convoy electrons emitted from 416 MeV/u heliumlike Ar16+ ions excited by three-dimensional resonant coherent excitation (3D-RCE) have been explored. The 1s electron in the ground state was excited to the 2p state by a periodic crystal field during the passage through a Si crystal and released into the continuum by collisions with target atoms to form a cusp-shaped peak in the energy distribution, referred to as convoy electron. Under the resonance condition, we found not only enhancement of the convoy electron yield but also significant narrowing in the energy distribution, reflecting the initial bound state momentum distribution of the excited ions. This suggests that RCE is well-suited to study fast ion collisions involving the specific excited state.
Detecting elementary excitations of a quantum simulator with superconducting resonator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Du, Lianghui; You, J. Q.; Tian, Lin
2014-03-01
Analog quantum simulators can emulate various many-body systems and can be used to study novel quantum correlations in such systems. One essential question in quantum simulation is how to detect the properties of the simulated many-body system, such as ground state property and spectrum of elementary excitations. Here we present a circuit QED approach for detecting the excitation spectrum of a quantum simulator by measuring the correlation spectrum of a superconducting resonator. For illustration, we apply this approach to a simulator for the transverse field Ising model coupling to a coplanar waveguide resonator. The simulator can be implemented with an array of superconducting flux qubits. We show that the resonance peaks in the correlation spectrum reveal exactly the frequencies of the excitations. The project was supported by NSF-0956064 and NSF-0916303.
Excitation of plasmonic nanoantennas by nonresonant and resonant electron tunnelling.
Uskov, Alexander V; Khurgin, Jacob B; Protsenko, Igor E; Smetanin, Igor V; Bouhelier, Alexandre
2016-08-14
A rigorous theory of photon emission generated by inelastic electron tunnelling inside the gap of plasmonic nanoantennas is developed. The disappointingly low efficiency of the electrical excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in these structures can be increased by orders of magnitude when a resonant tunnelling structure is incorporated inside the gap. A resonant tunnelling assisted surface plasmon emitter may become a key element in future electrically-driven plasmonic nanocircuits. PMID:27427159
KIC 8164262: A Heartbeat Star with a Resonantly Excited Mode
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hambleton, Kelly Marie; Kurtz, Donald Wayne; thompson, susan; Fuller, Jim
2015-08-01
With the advent of high precision photometry from the Kepler satellite, a new layer of interesting and astounding astronomical objects has been revealed: heartbeat stars are an example of such objects. Heartbeat stars are eccentric ellipsoidal variables that undergo strong tidal interactions at the time of closest approach, when the stars are almost in contact. The consequence of these interactions is not only the deformation and mutual irradiation of the stars at periastron, but in many of these objects (~20%) we observe tidally induced pulsations. Tidally induced pulsations are pulsations driven by the tidal forcing of the binary star companion. They can be easily distinguished from other pulsations as they occur at precise multiples of the orbital frequency. Moreover, we have identified several objects where the tidally excited modes are undergoing resonance. This occurs when the tidal forces are in resonance with an eigenfrequency of one of the stellar components. In this paper we present KIC 8164262, a prime example of a heartbeat star with a resonantly excited mode. We provide the results of spectral modelling combined with extensive binary light and radial velocity curve modelling, generated using PHOEBE and MCMC. We further discuss why resonant locking, which has been theorised as the mechanism that keeps a system in resonance, is likely acting on this system. Finally, we describe the theoretical implications of tidally induced and resonantly excited modes, and their effects on binary star evolution.
Resonating cantilever mass sensor with mechanical on-plane excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Teva, Jordi; Abadal, Gabriel; Jordà, Xavier; Borrise, Xavier; Davis, Zachary; Barniol, Nuria
2003-04-01
The aim of this paper is to report the experimental setup designed, developed and tested in order to achieve the first vibrating mode of a lateral cantilever with mechanical excitation. The on-plane oscillating cantilever is the basis of a proposed mass sensor with an expected resolution in the atto-gram scale. In a first system design, the cantilever is driven electrostatically by an electrode, which is placed parallel to the cantilever. The cantilever is driven to its first resonant mode applying an AC voltage between the cantilever and a driver. Also, a DC voltage is applied to increase the system response. The signal read-out of the transducer is the capacitive current of the cantilever-driver system. The mass sensor proposed, based on this cantilever-driver structure (CDS), is integrated with a CMOS circuitry in order to minimize the parasitic capacitances, that in this case take special relevance because of the low level output current coming from the transducer. Moreover, the electrostatic excitation introduces a parasitic current that overlaps the current due to the resonance. The mechanical excitation is an alternative excitation method which aim is to eliminate the excitation current. Here we describe the experimental facilities developed to achieve mechanical excitation and report preliminary results obtained by this excitation technique. The results are complemented with dynamic simulations of an equivalent system model that are in accordance with the experimental values.
Oncotripsy: Targeting cancer cells selectively via resonant harmonic excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Heyden, S.; Ortiz, M.
2016-07-01
We investigate a method of selectively targeting cancer cells by means of ultrasound harmonic excitation at their resonance frequency, which we refer to as oncotripsy. The geometric model of the cells takes into account the cytoplasm, nucleus and nucleolus, as well as the plasma membrane and nuclear envelope. Material properties are varied within a pathophysiologically-relevant range. A first modal analysis reveals the existence of a spectral gap between the natural frequencies and, most importantly, resonant growth rates of healthy and cancerous cells. The results of the modal analysis are verified by simulating the fully-nonlinear transient response of healthy and cancerous cells at resonance. The fully nonlinear analysis confirms that cancerous cells can be selectively taken to lysis by the application of carefully tuned ultrasound harmonic excitation while simultaneously leaving healthy cells intact.
Dual-excitation wavelength resonance Raman explosives detector
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yellampalle, Balakishore; Sluch, Mikhail; Wu, Hai-Shan; Martin, Robert; McCormick, William; Ice, Robert; Lemoff, Brian E.
2013-05-01
Deep-ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy (DUVRRS) is a promising approach to stand-off detection of explosive traces due to: 1) resonant enhancement of Raman cross-section, 2) λ-4-cross-section enhancement, and 3) fluorescence and solar background free signatures. For trace detection, these signal enhancements more than offset the small penetration depth due to DUV absorption. A key challenge for stand-off sensors is to distinguish explosives, with high confidence, from a myriad of unknown background materials that may have interfering spectral peaks. To address this, we are developing a stand-off explosive sensor using DUVRRS with two simultaneous DUV excitation wavelengths. Due to complex interplay of resonant enhancement, self-absorption and laser penetration depth, significant amplitude variation is observed between corresponding Raman bands with different excitation wavelengths. These variations with excitation wavelength provide an orthogonal signature that complements the traditional Raman signature to improve specificity relative to single-excitation-wavelength techniques. As part of this effort, we are developing two novel CW DUV lasers, which have potential to be compact, and a compact dual-band high throughput DUV spectrometer, capable of simultaneous detection of Raman spectra in two spectral windows. We have also developed a highly sensitive algorithm for the detection of explosives under low signal-to-noise situations.
Resonant Transfer Excitation of Fluorine-Like Mo33+ Ion
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ramadan, Hassan; Elkilany, Sabbah
2010-07-01
Dielectronic recombination (DR) cross sections (σDR) and rate coefficients (αDR) for Mo33+ are calculated using the angular momentum average scheme (AMA). Moreover, the resonant transfer excitation followed by X-ray emission (RTEX) cross sections (σ RTEX) for the collision of Mo33+ with H2 and He targets are calculated and studied. The calculations of the cross sections are performed for both K- and L-shell excitations. A smooth change with the temperatures for αDR is found for all kinds of excitations. The rates for K-shell excitation are very small in comparison with the rates for Lshell excitation. The RTEX cross sections for Mo33+ ions are obtained from their corresponding DR cross sections by the method of folding in the impulse approximation (IMA). σ RTEX for the K-shell excitation shows two overlapped peaks which may be attributed to the two groups in this excitation process. The present calculations are considered as a database for future comparison with theoretical and experimental data using other coupling schemes. Multiple Auger channels are complicating the dependence of the cross sections on principal quantum numbers.
Excitation of plasmonic nanoantennas by nonresonant and resonant electron tunnelling
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Uskov, Alexander V.; Khurgin, Jacob B.; Protsenko, Igor E.; Smetanin, Igor V.; Bouhelier, Alexandre
2016-07-01
A rigorous theory of photon emission generated by inelastic electron tunnelling inside the gap of plasmonic nanoantennas is developed. The disappointingly low efficiency of the electrical excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in these structures can be increased by orders of magnitude when a resonant tunnelling structure is incorporated inside the gap. A resonant tunnelling assisted surface plasmon emitter may become a key element in future electrically-driven plasmonic nanocircuits.A rigorous theory of photon emission generated by inelastic electron tunnelling inside the gap of plasmonic nanoantennas is developed. The disappointingly low efficiency of the electrical excitation of surface plasmon polaritons in these structures can be increased by orders of magnitude when a resonant tunnelling structure is incorporated inside the gap. A resonant tunnelling assisted surface plasmon emitter may become a key element in future electrically-driven plasmonic nanocircuits. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Plasmonic mode in nanowires, the probability of stimulated emission in tunnelling through the Fermi's Golden Rule and electron wave functions in tunnelling structures with nonresonant and resonant tunnelling. See DOI: 10.1039/c6nr01931e
Coherence-Resonance Chimeras in a Network of Excitable Elements
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Semenova, Nadezhda; Zakharova, Anna; Anishchenko, Vadim; Schöll, Eckehard
2016-07-01
We demonstrate that chimera behavior can be observed in nonlocally coupled networks of excitable systems in the presence of noise. This phenomenon is distinct from classical chimeras, which occur in deterministic oscillatory systems, and it combines temporal features of coherence resonance, i.e., the constructive role of noise, and spatial properties of chimera states, i.e., the coexistence of spatially coherent and incoherent domains in a network of identical elements. Coherence-resonance chimeras are associated with alternating switching of the location of coherent and incoherent domains, which might be relevant in neuronal networks.
Coherence-Resonance Chimeras in a Network of Excitable Elements.
Semenova, Nadezhda; Zakharova, Anna; Anishchenko, Vadim; Schöll, Eckehard
2016-07-01
We demonstrate that chimera behavior can be observed in nonlocally coupled networks of excitable systems in the presence of noise. This phenomenon is distinct from classical chimeras, which occur in deterministic oscillatory systems, and it combines temporal features of coherence resonance, i.e., the constructive role of noise, and spatial properties of chimera states, i.e., the coexistence of spatially coherent and incoherent domains in a network of identical elements. Coherence-resonance chimeras are associated with alternating switching of the location of coherent and incoherent domains, which might be relevant in neuronal networks. PMID:27419572
Enhancement of resonant absorption through excitation of SPR
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Giulietti, Danilo; Calcagno, L.; Curcio, Alessandro; Cutroneo, M.; Galletti, Mario; Skala, J.; Torrisi, L.; Zimbone, M.
2016-09-01
In this experiment the absorption of the laser radiation impinging on polymeric films with Au nanoparticles implanted in surface was studied. By varying the polarization and the incidence angle of the laser radiation on target, the role in the laser absorption of both excitation of surface plasmons and excitation of electronic plasma waves at critical density through resonant absorption was highlighted. In conditions of p-polarized laser irradiations at 1015 W /cm2 intensity, resonant absorption can be induced in films enhancing proton and ion acceleration. Plasma on-line diagnostics is based on SiC detectors. Measurements of kinetic energy of accelerated ions indicate a significant increment using p-polarized laser light with respect to no-polarized light irradiation.
Are Resonant Helioseimic Modes Excited by Solar Flares?
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Leibacher, John W.; Baudin, Frédéric; Rabello Soares, Maria Cristina
2016-05-01
We critically examine reports that flares have been observed to excite resonant p-modes by:-looking in detail at the results of the ring-diagram analysis in terms of duty cycle and center-to-limb variation of ring-diagram power.-applying the same analysis to the Halloween flare using GONG and MDI data.-assessing the stability in terms of oscillation power of both instruments.
Magnetic Resonance in an Atomic Vapor Excited by a Mechanical Resonator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Ying-Ju; Eardley, Matthew; Knappe, Svenja; Moreland, John; Hollberg, Leo; Kitching, John
2006-12-01
We demonstrate a direct resonant interaction between the mechanical motion of a mesoscopic resonator and the spin degrees of freedom of a sample of neutral atoms in the gas phase. This coupling, mediated by a magnetic particle attached to the tip of the miniature mechanical resonator, excites a coherent precession of the atomic spins about a static magnetic field. The novel coupled atom-resonator system may enable development of low-power, high-performance sensors, and enhance research efforts connected with the manipulation of cold atoms, quantum control, and high-resolution microscopy.
Artificial excitation of ELF waves with frequency of Schumann resonance
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Streltsov, A. V.; Guido, T.; Tulegenov, B.; Labenski, J.; Chang, C.-L.
2014-11-01
We report results from the experiment aimed at the artificial excitation of extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic waves with frequencies corresponding to the frequency of Schumann resonance. Electromagnetic waves with these frequencies can form a standing pattern inside the spherical cavity formed by the surface of the Earth and the ionosphere. In the experiment the ELF waves were excited by heating the ionosphere with X-mode HF electromagnetic waves generated at the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) facility in Alaska. The experiment demonstrates that heating of the ionosphere can excite relatively large-amplitude electromagnetic waves with frequencies in the range 7.8-8.0 Hz when the ionosphere has a strong F layer, the frequency of the HF radiation is in the range 3.20-4.57 MHz, and the electric field greater than 5 mV/m is present in the ionosphere.
Interplay of Collective Excitations in Quantum Well Intersubband Resonances
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Li, Jian-Zhong; Ning, C. Z.
2003-01-01
Intersubband resonances in a semiconductor quantum well (QW) display some of the most fascinating features involving various collective excitations such as Fermi-edge singularity (FES) and intersubband plasmon (ISP). Using a density matrix approach, we treated many-body effects such as depolarization, vertex correction, and self-energy consistently for a two-subband system. We found a systematic change in resonance spectra from FES-dominated to ISP-dominated features, as QW- width or electron density is varied. Such an interplay between FES and ISP significantly changes both line shape and peak position of the absorption spectrum. In particular, we found that a cancellation of FES and ISP undresses the resonant responses and recovers the single-particle features of absorption for semiconductors with a strong nonparabolicity such as InAs, leading to a dramatic broadening of the absorption spectrum.
An Electromagnetically Excited Silicon Nitride Beam Resonant Accelerometer
Chen, Deyong; Wu, Zhengwei; Liu, Lei; Shi, Xiaojing; Wang, Junbo
2009-01-01
A resonant microbeam accelerometer of a novel highly symmetric structure based on MEMS bulk-silicon technology is proposed and some numerical modeling results for this scheme are presented. The accelerometer consists of two proof masses, four supporting hinges, two anchors, and a vibrating triple beam, which is clamped at both ends to the two proof masses. LPCVD silicon rich nitride is chosen as the resonant triple beam material, and parameter optimization of the triple-beam structure has been performed. The triple beam is excited and sensed electromagnetically by film electrodes located on the upper surface of the beam. Both simulation and experimental results show that the novel structure increases the scale factor of the resonant accelerometer, and ameliorates other performance issues such as cross axis sensitivity of insensitive input acceleration, etc. PMID:22573956
Simulations of Convective Excitation of Internal Waves in Water
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lecoanet, D.; Quataert, E.; Vasil, G. M.; Brown, B. P.; Oishi, J.
2014-12-01
Convection adjacent to stable stratification can excite internal waves. These convectively excited internal waves can transport energy, momentum, and other quantities in a variety of geophysical and atmospherical contexts, including in the Earth's stratosphere, and the radiative zones of stars. To better understand the excitation mechanism, we perform simplified 2D simulations of a recent experiment by Perrard et al. (2013). The simulations are run using the new, very flexible, pseudo-spectral code Dedalus. The experiment and simulations exploit water's density maximum at 4C: a linear temperature profile includes both convectively unstable and stably stratified regions. The simulations and experiment show qualitatively similar excitation spectra. We then test two heuristic models of internal wave excitation by convection, the interface forcing mechanism and the deep excitation mechanism. To test these, we run linear simulations of the simulation. In one case, we solve the linear wave equation, with a boundary condition mimicking the motions of the interface from the simulations. This successfully reproduces the low frequency waves, but overestimates the excitation of high frequency waves. This is because high frequency convective motions are nonlinear, but the interface forcing simulation treats them as linear. Next, we test the deep excitation mechanism by solving the linear wave equation with a source term related to the Reynolds stress in the convective region. This successfully reproduces all waves, and the correlation between the linear model and the full simulation is about 0.95. This suggests that the deep excitation mechanism most accurately explains the wave generation in this system.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Farid, M.; Gendelman, O. V.
2016-09-01
The paper treats dynamical responses in an equivalent mechanical model for oscillations of a liquid in partially filled vessel under horizontal harmonic ground excitation. Such excitation may lead to hydraulic impacts. The liquid sloshing mass is modeled by equivalent pendulum, which can impact the vessel walls. Parameters of the equivalent pendulum for well-explored case of cylindrical vessels are used. The hydraulic impacts are modeled by high-power potential function. Conditions for internal resonances are formulated. A non-resonant behavior and dynamic response related to 3:1 internal resonance are explored. When the excitation amplitude exceeds certain critical value, the system exhibits multiple steady state solutions. Quasi-periodic solutions appear in relatively narrow range of parameters. Numerical continuation links between resonant regimes found asymptotically for small excitation amplitude, and high-amplitude responses with intensive impacts.
Resonant excitation of intense acoustic waves in crystals
Alshits, V. I. Bessonov, D. A.; Lyubimov, V. N.
2013-06-15
The resonant excitation of an intense elastic wave through nonspecular reflection of a special pump wave in a crystal is described. The choice of the plane and angle of incidence is dictated by the requirement that the excited reflected wave be close to the bulk eigenmode with its energy flow along a free boundary. The resonance parameters have been found for a medium with an arbitrary anisotropy. General relations are concretized for monoclinic, rhombic, and hexagonal systems. A criterion is formulated for an optimal selection of crystals in which the resonant reflection is close to the conversion one, when almost all of the energy from the incident beam of the pump wave falls into the near-surface narrow high-intensity reflected beam. Estimates and illustrations are given for such crystals as an example. The intensity of the reflected beam increases with its narrowing, but its diffraction divergence also increases with this narrowing. Nevertheless, the intensity of the beam can be increased by a factor of 5-10 at sufficiently high frequencies while keeping its divergence at an acceptable level. Amplification by two orders of magnitude can be achieved by compressing the beam in two dimensions through its double reflection.
EXCITATION OF STRUCTURAL RESONANCE DUE TO A BEARING FAILURE
Leishear, R; David Stefanko, D
2007-04-30
Vibration due to a bearing failure in a pump created significant vibrations in a fifteen foot by fifteen foot by eight feet tall mounting platform due to excitation of resonant frequencies. In this particular application, an 18,000 pound pump was mounted to a structural steel platform. When bearing damage commenced, the platform vibrated with sufficient magnitude that conversations could not be heard within forty feet of the pump. Vibration analysis determined that the frequency of the bearing was coincident to one of the natural frequencies of the pump, which was, in turn, coincident to one of the natural frequencies of the mounting platform. This coincidence of frequencies defines resonance. Resonance creates excessive vibrations when the natural frequency of a structure is coincident to an excitation frequency. In this well documented case, the excitation frequency was related to ball bearing failures. The pump is a forty foot long vertical pump used to mix nuclear waste in 1,300,000 gallon tanks. A 300 horsepower drive motor is mounted to a structural steel platform on top of the tank. The pump hangs down into the tank from above to mix the waste and is inaccessible after installation. Initial awareness of the problem was due to increased noise from the pump. Initial vibration analysis indicated that the vibration levels of the bearing were within the expected range for this type of bearing, and the resonant condition was not obvious. Further analysis consisted of disassembly of the motor to inspect the bearings and extensive vibration monitoring. Vibration data for the bearings was obtained from the manufacturer and compared to measured vibration plots for the pump and mounting platform. Vibration data measured along the length of the pump was available from full scale testing, and vibrations were also measured at the installed pump. One of the axial frequencies of the pump, the platform frequency in the vertical direction, and the ball spin frequency for the
Sensitivity of nonlinear photoionization to resonance substructure in collective excitation
Mazza, T.; Karamatskou, A.; Ilchen, M.; Bakhtiarzadeh, S.; Rafipoor, A. J.; O'Keeffe, P.; Kelly, T. J.; Walsh, N.; Costello, J. T.; Meyer, M.; Santra, R.
2015-01-01
Collective behaviour is a characteristic feature in many-body systems, important for developments in fields such as magnetism, superconductivity, photonics and electronics. Recently, there has been increasing interest in the optically nonlinear response of collective excitations. Here we demonstrate how the nonlinear interaction of a many-body system with intense XUV radiation can be used as an effective probe for characterizing otherwise unresolved features of its collective response. Resonant photoionization of atomic xenon was chosen as a case study. The excellent agreement between experiment and theory strongly supports the prediction that two distinct poles underlie the giant dipole resonance. Our results pave the way towards a deeper understanding of collective behaviour in atoms, molecules and solid-state systems using nonlinear spectroscopic techniques enabled by modern short-wavelength light sources. PMID:25854939
UV Resonant Raman Spectrometer with Multi-Line Laser Excitation
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Lambert, James L.; Kohel, James M.; Kirby, James P.; Morookian, John Michael; Pelletier, Michael J.
2013-01-01
A Raman spectrometer employs two or more UV (ultraviolet) laser wavel engths to generate UV resonant Raman (UVRR) spectra in organic sampl es. Resonant Raman scattering results when the laser excitation is n ear an electronic transition of a molecule, and the enhancement of R aman signals can be several orders of magnitude. In addition, the Ra man cross-section is inversely proportional to the fourth power of t he wavelength, so the UV Raman emission is increased by another fact or of 16, or greater, over visible Raman emissions. The Raman-scatter ed light is collected using a high-resolution broadband spectrograph . Further suppression of the Rayleigh-scattered laser light is provi ded by custom UV notch filters.
Sensitivity of nonlinear photoionization to resonance substructure in collective excitation
Mazza, T.; Karamatskou, A.; Ilchen, M.; Bakhtiarzadeh, S.; Rafipoor, A. J.; O’Keeffe, P.; Kelly, T. J.; Walsh, N.; Costello, J. T.; Meyer, M.; Santra, R.
2015-04-09
Collective behaviour is a characteristic feature in many-body systems, important for developments in fields such as magnetism, superconductivity, photonics and electronics. Recently, there has been increasing interest in the optically nonlinear response of collective excitations. Here we demonstrate how the nonlinear interaction of a many-body system with intense XUV radiation can be used as an effective probe for characterizing otherwise unresolved features of its collective response. Resonant photoionization of atomic xenon was chosen as a case study. The excellent agreement between experiment and theory strongly supports the prediction that two distinct poles underlie the giant dipole resonance. Our results pave the way towards a deeper understanding of collective behaviour in atoms, molecules and solid-state systems using nonlinear spectroscopic techniques enabled by modern short-wavelength light sources.
Sensitivity of nonlinear photoionization to resonance substructure in collective excitation
Mazza, T.; Karamatskou, A.; Ilchen, M.; Bakhtiarzadeh, S.; Rafipoor, A. J.; O’Keeffe, P.; Kelly, T. J.; Walsh, N.; Costello, J. T.; Meyer, M.; et al
2015-04-09
Collective behaviour is a characteristic feature in many-body systems, important for developments in fields such as magnetism, superconductivity, photonics and electronics. Recently, there has been increasing interest in the optically nonlinear response of collective excitations. Here we demonstrate how the nonlinear interaction of a many-body system with intense XUV radiation can be used as an effective probe for characterizing otherwise unresolved features of its collective response. Resonant photoionization of atomic xenon was chosen as a case study. The excellent agreement between experiment and theory strongly supports the prediction that two distinct poles underlie the giant dipole resonance. Our results pavemore » the way towards a deeper understanding of collective behaviour in atoms, molecules and solid-state systems using nonlinear spectroscopic techniques enabled by modern short-wavelength light sources.« less
Resonant excitation of density waves in Saturn's rings
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Griv, Evgeny
1996-06-01
The dynamics of regions in the Saturnian ring system with rare collisions between particles, that is, Ω 2≫ν c2, where Ω is the orbital angular frequency and νc the collision frequency, is considered. According to observations, such low optical depth regions can be found in the C ring, the inner portions of the B ring and the A ring. Kinetic theory with the Vlasov and Poisson equations is used to obtain the eigen-frequencies of oscillations propagating in the plane of the system. In the considered case of rare collisions the resulting kinetic equation for the perturbed distribution function can be solved by successive approximations, neglecting the effect of binary particle collisions in the zeroth-order approximation. An oscillating instability of the kinetic type is discussed. This instability of a particulate disk is similar to the magneto-drift instability first discovered by Krall and Rosenbluth ( Physics Fluids6, 254-265, 1963) in a nonuniform magnetic plasma, and belongs to the class of microinstabilities of an inhomogeneous plasma. The cause of the oscillating instability in Saturn's rings is a resonant interaction of drifting particles with nonaxisymmetric Jeans-stable waves at the corotation. The waves that may be produced by the corotation-resonance interaction represent non-radial normal modes of the gravitationally stable disk modified by a particle drift. It is shown that density waves are effectively excited at this resonance: the growth rate of the mode of maximum instability is large, Im ω∗˜Ω. The resonant excitation of density waves investigated in the present paper may be proposed as the cause of the irregular, small-scale ˜ 100 m structure in regions of low optical depth in Saturn's rings. It is suggested that Cassini spacecraft high-resolution images of low optical depth regions will show this kind of structure.
Banihashemi, Mehdi; Ahmadi, Vahid; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Kojima, Takanori; Kojima, Kazunobu; Noda, Susumu
2013-12-16
In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate that with sub-nanowatt coherent s-shell excitation of a single InAs quantum dot, off-resonant coupling of 4.1 nm is possible between L3 photonic crystal microcavity and the quantum dot at 50 K. This resonant excitation reduces strongly the effect of surrounding charges to quantum dot, multiexciton complexes and pure dephasing. It seems that this far off-resonant coupling is the result of increased number of acoustical phonons due to high operating temperature of 50 K. The 4.1 nm detuning is the largest amount for this kind of coupling.
Electron impact excitation of resonance transitions in atomic potassium
Tayal, S.S.; Msezane, A.Z.
1993-05-01
Cross sections for electron impact excitation of the 4 s{sup 2}S - 4p {sup 2}P{sup o} and 4s {sup 2}S - 5p {sup 2}P{sup o} transitions in atomic potassium are calculated in the low-energy region from 1.5 to 30 eV using the R-matrix method. We included eight target states (4s {sup 2}S, 4p {sup 2}P{sup o}, 5s {sup 2}S, 3d {sup 2}D, 5p {sup 2}P{sup o}, 4d {sup 2}D, 6S {sup 2}S, and 4f {sup 2}F{sup o}) in the close-coupling expansion. These states are represented by extensive configuration- interaction wavefunctions constructed from the orthogonal one-electron orbitals: 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 3d, 4s, 4p, 4d, 4f, 5s, 5p, and 6s. The calculated results are compared with the available experiments and other calculations. The present calculation shows a resonance structure in the cross section for the excitation of the resonance 4s {sup 2}S - 4p {sup 2}P{sup o} transition around 2.5 eV.
Vortex convection in the flow-excited Helmholtz resonator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dai, Xiwen
2016-05-01
Vorticity convection as well as its excitation to a Helmholtz resonator is studied numerically. Convection velocities of both the concentrated vortical structure and the total distributed vorticity in the orifice region are calculated. Results indicate that the vortex convection velocity is the more useful one in controlling the oscillation frequency. The excitation pressure from the vortical flow is found almost in phase with the fluctuation of the total circulation in the orifice region. This helps us to deduce that vorticity accumulation in the opening region and its relatively simultaneous efflux, due to the shear layer rolling-up into a vortex, are responsible for the pressure fluctuation that excites the acoustic mode of the cavity. It is found that the frequency characteristics can be significantly varied by the system damping. Increasing the damping leads to a reduction in the range of the Strouhal number of oscillation, which is associated with the disappearing lock-in effect in frequency. The dependence of the vortex convection velocity and the critical Strouhal number for the maximum oscillation on damping is also shown.
Internal resonance for nonlinear vibration energy harvesting
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cao, D. X.; Leadenham, S.; Erturk, A.
2015-11-01
The transformation of waste vibration energy into low-power electricity has been heavily researched over the last decade to enable self-sustained wireless electronic components. Monostable and bistable nonlinear oscillators have been explored by several research groups in an effort to enhance the frequency bandwidth of operation. Linear two-degree-of-freedom (2-DOF) configurations as well as the combination of a nonlinear single-DOF harvester with a linear oscillator to constitute a nonlinear 2-DOF harvester have also been explored to develop broadband energy harvesters. In the present work, the concept of nonlinear internal resonance in a continuous frame structure is explored for broadband energy harvesting. The L-shaped beam-mass structure with quadratic nonlinearity was formerly studied in the nonlinear dynamics literature to demonstrate modal energy exchange and the saturation phenomenon when carefully tuned for two-to-one internal resonance. In the current effort, piezoelectric coupling and an electrical load are introduced, and electromechanical equations of the L-shaped energy harvester are employed to explore primary resonance behaviors around the first and the second linear natural frequencies for bandwidth enhancement. Simulations using approximate analytical frequency response equations as well as numerical solutions reveal significant bandwidth enhancement as compared to a typical linear 2-DOF counterpart. Vibration and voltage responses are explored, and the effects of various system parameters on the overall dynamics of the internal resonance-based energy harvesting system are reported.
Parametric excitation of multiple resonant radiations from localized wavepackets
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Conforti, Matteo; Trillo, Stefano; Mussot, Arnaud; Kudlinski, Alexandre
2015-03-01
Fundamental physical phenomena such as laser-induced ionization, driven quantum tunneling, Faraday waves, Bogoliubov quasiparticle excitations, and the control of new states of matter rely on time-periodic driving of the system. A remarkable property of such driving is that it can induce the localized (bound) states to resonantly couple to the continuum. Therefore experiments that allow for enlightening and controlling the mechanisms underlying such coupling are of paramount importance. We implement such an experiment in a special optical fiber characterized by a dispersion oscillating along the propagation coordinate, which mimics ``time''. The quasi-momentum associated with such periodic perturbation is responsible for the efficient coupling of energy from the localized wave-packets (solitons in anomalous dispersion and shock fronts in normal dispersion) sustained by the fiber nonlinearity, into free-running linear dispersive waves (continuum) at multiple resonant frequencies. Remarkably, the observed resonances can be explained by means of a unified approach, regardless of the fact that the localized state is a soliton-like pulse or a shock front.
Dai, Xiwen; Jing, Xiaodong Sun, Xiaofeng
2015-05-15
The acoustic resonance in a Helmholtz resonator excited by a low Mach number grazing flow is studied theoretically. The nonlinear numerical model is established by coupling the vortical motion at the cavity opening with the cavity acoustic mode through an explicit force balancing relation between the two sides of the opening. The vortical motion is modeled in the potential flow framework, in which the oscillating motion of the thin shear layer is described by an array of convected point vortices, and the unsteady vortex shedding is determined by the Kutta condition. The cavity acoustic mode is obtained from the one-dimensional acoustic propagation model, the time-domain equivalent of which is given by means of a broadband time-domain impedance model. The acoustic resistances due to radiation and viscous loss at the opening are also taken into account. The physical processes of the self-excited oscillations, at both resonance and off-resonance states, are simulated directly in the time domain. Results show that the shear layer exhibits a weak flapping motion at the off-resonance state, whereas it rolls up into large-scale vortex cores when resonances occur. Single and dual-vortex patterns are observed corresponding to the first and second hydrodynamic modes. The simulation also reveals different trajectories of the two vortices across the opening when the first and second hydrodynamic modes co-exist. The strong modulation of the shed vorticity by the acoustic feedback at the resonance state is demonstrated. The model overestimates the pressure pulsation amplitude by a factor 2, which is expected to be due to the turbulence of the flow which is not taken into account. The model neglects vortex shedding at the downstream and side edges of the cavity. This will also result in an overestimation of the pulsation amplitude.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dai, Xiwen; Jing, Xiaodong; Sun, Xiaofeng
2015-05-01
The acoustic resonance in a Helmholtz resonator excited by a low Mach number grazing flow is studied theoretically. The nonlinear numerical model is established by coupling the vortical motion at the cavity opening with the cavity acoustic mode through an explicit force balancing relation between the two sides of the opening. The vortical motion is modeled in the potential flow framework, in which the oscillating motion of the thin shear layer is described by an array of convected point vortices, and the unsteady vortex shedding is determined by the Kutta condition. The cavity acoustic mode is obtained from the one-dimensional acoustic propagation model, the time-domain equivalent of which is given by means of a broadband time-domain impedance model. The acoustic resistances due to radiation and viscous loss at the opening are also taken into account. The physical processes of the self-excited oscillations, at both resonance and off-resonance states, are simulated directly in the time domain. Results show that the shear layer exhibits a weak flapping motion at the off-resonance state, whereas it rolls up into large-scale vortex cores when resonances occur. Single and dual-vortex patterns are observed corresponding to the first and second hydrodynamic modes. The simulation also reveals different trajectories of the two vortices across the opening when the first and second hydrodynamic modes co-exist. The strong modulation of the shed vorticity by the acoustic feedback at the resonance state is demonstrated. The model overestimates the pressure pulsation amplitude by a factor 2, which is expected to be due to the turbulence of the flow which is not taken into account. The model neglects vortex shedding at the downstream and side edges of the cavity. This will also result in an overestimation of the pulsation amplitude.
Numerical simulation of the resonantly excited capillary-gravity waves
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hanazaki, Hideshi; Hirata, Motonori; Okino, Shinya
2015-11-01
Capillary gravity waves excited by an obstacle are investigated by a direct numerical simulation. In the flow without capillary effects, it is well known that large-amplitude upstream advancing solitary waves are generated periodically under the resonant condition, i.e., when the phase velocity of the long surface waves and the mean flow velocity agrees. With capillary effects, solutions of the Euler equations show the generation of very short waves further upstream of the solitary waves and also in the depression region downstream of the obstacle. The overall characteristics of these waves agree with the solutions of the forced fifth-order KdV equation, while the weakly nonlinear theory generally overestimates the wavelength of the short waves.
Ferrimagnetic resonance and magnetoelastic excitations in magnetoelectric hexaferrites
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vittoria, Carmine
2015-08-01
Static field properties of magnetoelectric hexaferrites have been explored extensively in the past five years. In this paper, dynamic properties of magnetoelectric hexaferrites are being explored. In particular, effects of the linear magnetoelectric coupling (α ) on ferrimagnetic resonance (FMR) and magnetoelastic excitations are being investigated. A magnetoelastic free energy which includes Landau-Lifshitz mathematical description of a spin spiral configuration is proposed to calculate FMR and magnetoelastic excitations in magnetoelectric hexaferrites. It is predicted that the ordinary uniform precession FMR mode contains resonance frequency shifts that are proportional to magnetoelectric static and dynamic fields. The calculated FMR fields are in agreement with experiments. Furthermore, it is predicted at low frequencies (approximately megahertz ranges), near zero magnetic field FMR frequencies, there is an extra uniform precession FMR mode besides the ordinary FMR mode which can only be accounted by dynamic magnetoelectric fields. Whereas the FMR frequency shifts in the ordinary FMR mode due to the α coupling scale as α , the shifts in the new discovered FMR mode scale as α2. Also, magnetoelastic dispersions were calculated, and it is predicted that the effect of the α coupling are the following: (1) The strength of admixture of modes and splitting in energy between spin waves and transverse acoustic waves is proportional to α . (2) The degeneracy of the two transverse acoustic wave modes is lifted even for relatively low values of α . Interestingly, at low frequencies near zero field FMR frequencies, the surface spin wave mode branch flip-flops with the volume spin wave branch whereby one branch assumes real values of the propagation constant and the other purely imaginary upon the application of a static electric field.
Internal resonance of axially moving laminated circular cylindrical shells
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Yan Qing; Liang, Li; Guo, Xing Hui
2013-11-01
The nonlinear vibrations of a thin, elastic, laminated composite circular cylindrical shell, moving in axial direction and having an internal resonance, are investigated in this study. Nonlinearities due to large-amplitude shell motion are considered by using Donnell's nonlinear shallow-shell theory, with consideration of the effect of viscous structure damping. Differently from conventional Donnell's nonlinear shallow-shell equations, an improved nonlinear model without employing Airy stress function is developed to study the nonlinear dynamics of thin shells. The system is discretized by Galerkin's method while a model involving four degrees of freedom, allowing for the traveling wave response of the shell, is adopted. The method of harmonic balance is applied to study the nonlinear dynamic responses of the multi-degrees-of-freedom system. When the structure is excited close to a resonant frequency, very intricate frequency-response curves are obtained, which show strong modal interactions and one-to-one-to-one-to-one internal resonance phenomenon. The effects of different parameters on the complex dynamic response are investigated in this study. The stability of steady-state solutions is also analyzed in detail.
Resonant and quasi-resonant excitation of baroclinic waves in the Eady model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kalashnik, M. V.
2015-11-01
The structure of baroclinic waves in a geostrophic flow with a constant vertical shear (Eady model) is very consistent with that of atmospheric vortex formations. This paper proposes an approach to describing the generation of these waves by initial perturbations of potential vorticity (PV). Within the framework of the suggested approach, the solution to the initial-value problem for a quasi-geostrophic form of the PV transfer equation is represented as a sum of the wave and vortex components with zero and nonzero PV, respectively. A set of ordinary differential equations with the right-hand side dependent on the vertical PV distribution is formulated using Green functions for the amplitude of the wave component (amplitude of excited baroclinic waves). The solution provides a simple description of the resonant and quasi-resonant baroclinic-wave excitation effects under which the wave amplitude grows according to the linear or logarithmic laws. These types of excitation take place for singular and discontinuous initial PV distributions if the frequencies of the wave and vortex components coincide. Smooth distributions generate finite-amplitude waves.
Excitation of Internal Gravity Waves by Turbulent Stellar Convection
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lecoanet, D.; Quataert, E.
2013-05-01
Internal gravity waves (IGWs) are thought to play an important role in stars - their ability to influence composition, angular momentum, and energy transport in stars has been invoked to explain Li abundances, the Sun's differential rotation profile, and supernova observations. Furthermore, IGWs could also be important diagnostics of stellar structure. Here, we calculate the flux of internal gravity waves (IGWs) generated by turbulent convection in stars. We solve for the IGW eigenfunctions analytically near the radiative-convective interface in a local, Boussinesq, and cartesian domain. We consider both discontinuous and smooth transitions between the radiative and convective regions and derive Green's functions to solve for the IGWs in the radiative region. We find that if the radiative-convective transition is smooth, the IGW flux depends on the exact form of the buoyancy frequency near the interface. IGW excitation is most efficient for very smooth interfaces. However, in the smooth transition case, the most efficiently excited perturbations will break in the radiative zone. The flux of IGWs which do not break is moderately larger than the flux of IGWs for a discontinuous interface. The transition region in the Sun is smooth for the energy-bearing waves; as a result, we predict that the IGW flux is a few to five times larger than previous estimates. Our calculations also suggest that wave excitation within the convection zone can be more important than wave excitation by penetrative convection. We discuss the implications of our results for several astrophysical applications, including IGW driven mass loss and the detectability of convectively excited IGWs in main sequence stars.
Array of piezoelectric lateral electric field excited resonators.
Borodina, I A; Zaitsev, B D; Teplykh, A A; Shikhabudinov, A M; Kuznetsova, I E
2015-09-01
An array containing two resonators placed on X-cut lithium niobate plate has been experimentally investigated. The resonator's lateral electric field was directed along the Y-crystallographic axis. It has been shown that stable resonance exists for a longitudinal acoustic wave propagating along the X-axis in the area between the electrodes. A layer of special damping coating was deposited around the resonators and on the part of electrodes to suppress parasitic oscillations induced mainly by Lamb waves. Frequency dependences of the real and imaginary parts of electric impedance/admittance were measured for every resonator to find resonant frequency and Q-factor with series and parallel resonances. The optimal values of width of electrode coating for every resonator were revealed which provide good resonance quality. The measurements of parameter S12, which characterizes a degree of acoustical coupling between the resonators, have shown its value to be higher than 50dB in the absolute value in all the cases considered. This means that the resonators under study are entirely acoustically decoupled. Thus it has been demonstrated that the damping layer not only provides a sufficiently good quality of every resonator's resonance, but it also assures their entire acoustical decoupling. PMID:26060097
Thermooptical excitation of sound by Bessel light beams in crystalline media with internal stress
Mityurich, G. S. Serdyukov, A. N.
2011-05-15
The thermooptical excitation of sound by Bessel light beams in crystalline media with internal stress has been studied. The dependence of the thermoelastic coupling coefficient, which is due to the modulated absorption of laser radiation, on the initial strain in a crystalline sample is taken into account. The expression for the photoacoustic signal amplitude is obtained, and it is shown that, in the range of high modulation frequencies of TE modes of Bessel light beams, resonant phenomena occur which can be used to increase the resolution of laser photoacoustic diagnostics of elastically strained crystals.
Dynamic response of a riser under excitation of internal waves
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lou, Min; Yu, Chenglong; Chen, Peng
2015-12-01
In this paper, the dynamic response of a marine riser under excitation of internal waves is studied. With the linear approximation, the governing equation of internal waves is given. Based on the rigid-lid boundary condition assumption, the equation is solved by Thompson-Haskell method. Thus the velocity field of internal waves is obtained by the continuity equation. Combined with the modified Morison formula, using finite element method, the motion equation of riser is solved in time domain with Newmark-β method. The computation programs are compiled to solve the differential equations in time domain. Then we get the numerical results, including riser displacement and transfiguration. It is observed that the internal wave will result in circular shear flow, and the first two modes have a dominant effect on dynamic response of the marine riser. In the high mode, the response diminishes rapidly. In different modes of internal waves, the deformation of riser has different shapes, and the location of maximum displacement shifts. Studies on wave parameters indicate that the wave amplitude plays a considerable role in response displacement of riser, while the wave frequency contributes little. Nevertheless, the internal waves of high wave frequency will lead to a high-frequency oscillation of riser; it possibly gives rise to fatigue crack extension and partial fatigue failure.
Transient processes under dynamic excitation of a coherent population trapping resonance
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Khripunov, S. A.; Radnatarov, D. A.; Kobtsev, S. M.; Yudin, V. I.; Taichenachev, A. V.; Basalaev, M. Yu; Balabas, M. V.; Andryushkov, V. A.; Popkov, I. D.
2016-07-01
It is shown for the first time that under dynamic excitation of a coherent population trapping resonance in Rb vapours at different bichromatic pump modulation frequencies from a few tens of hertz and higher, the resonance is dramatically deformed as a result of emerging intensity oscillations of radiation transmitted through an Rb vapour cell. A significant change in the shape of the resonance under its dynamic excitation is confirmed experimentally and theoretically. A possible impact of the identified changes in the shape of the coherent population trapping resonance on the stability of an atomic clock is qualitatively discussed.
Resonant coherent excitation of the lithiumlike uranium ion: A scheme for heavy-ion spectroscopy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nakano, Y.; Takano, Y.; Ikeda, T.; Kanai, Y.; Suda, S.; Azuma, T.; Bräuning, H.; Bräuning-Demian, A.; Dauvergne, D.; Stöhlker, Th.; Yamazaki, Y.
2013-06-01
We report our observation of the resonant fluorescence from highly charged uranium ions. Using the resonant coherent excitation (RCE) technique, the 2s-2p3/2 transition in 191.68 MeV/u Li-like U89+ ions was excited at 4.5 keV with a resonance width of 4.4 eV. The result demonstrated that the RCE can be applied to resonant fluorescence spectroscopy of high-Z ions up to uranium with high efficiency and resolution.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chadwick, Christopher Todd
Resonance Raman spectroscopy offers some key benefits over other spectroscopy methods. In one facet, resonance Raman provides a level of specificity not present in non-resonant Raman scattering. In another facet, resonance Raman can provide increased scattering cross-sections that rival those associated with the intensities of species fluorescence. These features provide mechanisms for improved trace species detection in current Raman remote sensing applications; as well as signal level enhancement in tiny volume regimes, such as those typical in near-field optical microscopy. This dissertation presents three main thrusts that are not well documented in the previous resonance Raman studies. We demonstrate fine resolution (approx 0:1nm) resonance tuning of the excitation wavelength corresponding to sharp absorption bands in liquid benzene and liquid toluene. The Raman spectra for these materials show an appreciable increase in scattering intensity of fundamental vibrational modes and show significant enhancements in scattering intensities for overtone and combination vibrational modes not observed with non-resonant excitation. Resonantly excited fundamental modes are observed to be enhanced by 3 to 5 orders of magnitude over non-resonant excitation; and several resonantly excited overtone modes are observed for both liquid benzene and liquid toluene. We have observed, that for liquid benzene and liquid toluene, the maximum Raman scattering intensity is realized when the excitation wavelength corresponds to that of the vapor phase absorption maximum, not the liquid phase absorption maximum as expected. We present a simple model of the time-dependent energy accumulation in the scattering volume that suggests that the scattering medium is a highly disorganized fluid. The observed Raman scattering intensity originates from this metastable fluid observed during the liquid-vapor phase transition. Using different concentration solutions of liquid benzene in heptane, we
Photoionization dominated by doubly excited resonances for Be and its isoelectronic sequence
Chang, T.N.; Zhu, L.
1993-05-01
We present the photoionization cross sections the ground and a few selected bound excited states of Be using a B-spline based configuration-interaction procedure for continuum (CIC). The resonant structures dominated by the doubly excited autoionization series will be examined in detail. Our calculation has shown that the strong overlap between the 2p(n+1)s and 2pnd {sup 1}P resonances seen in the ground state photoionization spectrum is completely removed in the spectrum originated from the bound excited state. Our calculated resonant widths vary smoothly as functions of the effective quantum number v and approach approximately an {nu}{sup 3}-dependence. We will also present the variation of the doubly excited resonance structures as Z increases along the Be-isoelectronic sequence.
Resonant few-photon excitation of a single-ion oscillator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lin, Y.-W.; Williams, S.; Odom, B. C.
2013-01-01
We study the motion of an undamped single-ion harmonic oscillator, resonantly driven with a pulsed radiation pressure force. We demonstrate that a barium ion, initially cooled to the Doppler limit, quickly phase locks to the drive and builds up coherent oscillations above the thermal distribution after scattering of order 100 photons. In our experiment, this seeded motion is subsequently amplified and then analyzed by Doppler velocimetry. Since the coherent oscillation is conditional upon the internal quantum state of the ion, this motional excitation technique could be useful in atomic or molecular single-ion spectroscopy experiments, providing a simple protocol for state readout of nonfluorescing ions with partially closed-cycle transitions.
Fluid mechanics and passive control of the flow-excited Helmholtz resonator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Slaboch, Paul Edward
A flow excited Helmholtz resonator was investigated experimentally and theoretically. The analysis was focused on a simplified momentum balance integrated over the region of the orifice. The resulting expressions were used to guide an experimental program designed to obtain measurements of the resonator pressure under flow excitation, as well as the dynamics of the shear layer in the orifice using Particle Image Velocimetry. The PIV results provided a detailed representation of the shear layer vorticity field, as well as the equivalent hydrodynamic forcing of the resonator. The forcing magnitude was found to increase with speed over a range of flow speeds. A model was proposed that provides a prediction of the resonator pressure fluctuations based on the thickness of the approach boundary layer, the free stream speed, the acoustic properties of the resonator and the spatial growth rate of the shear layer across the orifice. The model was shown to provide an accurate representation of the resonating frequency as well as the magnitude of the resonance to within a few dB. Various passive flow control methods were examined to reduce the flow-excited resonance. Foam and tuned absorbers were employed to control the acoustic properties of the resonator. Both methods succeeded in reducing the flow-excited resonance. The hydrodynamic forcing was controlled through both changes to the orifice geometry and with the disruption of the approach flow. Most changes to the orifice geometry resulted in significant decreases in the magnitude of the resonance. Thickening and rounding the upstream and down stream edges of the orifice was found to increase the resonance. Obstructions placed upstream of the orifice to disrupt the approach flow decreased the resonance to varying levels of success. Comparisons were made to a full-scale vehicle. Both microphone and PIV measurements were acquired for a full-scale vehicle and compared to simplified small scale models. The fundamental flow
Doubly excited 3Pe resonance states of two-electron positive ions in Debye plasmas
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hu, Xiao-Qing; Wang, Yang; Jiang, Zishi; Jiang, Pinghui; Kar, Sabyasachi
2015-11-01
We investigate the doubly excited 3Pe resonance states of two-electron positive ions Li+, Be2+, B3+, and C4+ by employing correlated exponential wave functions. In the framework of the stabilization method, we calculate two series (3pnp and 3dnd) of 3Pe resonances below the N = 3 threshold. The 3Pe resonance parameters (resonance energies and widths) are reported for the first time as a function of the screening parameter. For free-atomic cases, comparisons are made with the reported results and few resonance states are reported for the first time.
Optical Fiber Excitation of Fano Resonances in a Silicon Microsphere
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sabahattin Gökay, Ulaş; Zakwan, Muhammad; Demir, Abdullah; Serpengüzel, Ali
2016-01-01
In this article, Fano lineshape whispering gallery modes were observed in the light scattering spectrum of a silicon microsphere in near-infrared telecommunication wavelengths. A simple model is presented to explain the transition from Lorentzian lineshape to the Fano lineshape resonances with the coupled-mode theory of multiple whispering gallery modes. Polar mode spacing of 0.23 nm is observed in the spectra, which correlates well with the calculated value. The quality factor of the Lorentzian and Fano resonances are on the order of 105. By using an appropriate interface design for the microsphere coupling geometries, Fano lineshape optical resonances herald novel device applications for silicon volumetric lightwave circuits.
Effects of inhomogeneous broadening on the resonance Raman excitation profile of lycopene
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cotting, J. E.; Hoskins, L. C.; Levan, M. E.
1982-08-01
The resonance Raman excitation profiles for the ν1, ν2, and ν3 vibrations of lycopene in ethyl alcohol, toluene, and carbon disulfide solvents have been measured. The results are interpreted in terms of a three-mode vibrational theory which includes both homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening effects. Excellent agreement between calculated and observed excitation profiles and visible spectra was found, thus emphasizing the need to interpret resonance Raman data using a multimode vibrational model. The results indicate that the major broadening mechanism is homogeneous broadening, with about a 25% contribution from inhomogeneous broadening. The excitation profiles in carbon disulfide gave the largest inhomogeneous broadening.
Donko, Z.; Schulze, J.; Czarnetzki, U.; Luggenhoelscher, D.
2009-03-30
At low pressures, nonlinear self-excited plasma series resonance (PSR) oscillations are known to drastically enhance electron heating in geometrically asymmetric capacitively coupled radio frequency discharges by nonlinear electron resonance heating (NERH). Here we demonstrate via particle-in-cell simulations that high-frequency PSR oscillations can also be excited in geometrically symmetric discharges if the driving voltage waveform makes the discharge electrically asymmetric. This can be achieved by a dual-frequency (f+2f) excitation, when PSR oscillations and NERH are turned on and off depending on the electrical discharge asymmetry, controlled by the phase difference of the driving frequencies.
Stochastic resonance in collective exciton-polariton excitations inside a GaAs microcavity.
Abbaspour, H; Trebaol, S; Morier-Genoud, F; Portella-Oberli, M T; Deveaud, B
2014-08-01
We report the first observation of stochastic resonance in confined exciton polaritons. We evidence this phenomena by tracking the polaritons behavior through two stochastic resonance quantifiers namely the spectral magnification factor and the signal-to-noise ratio. The evolution of the stochastic resonance in the function of the modulation amplitude of the periodic excitation signal is studied. Our experimental observations are well reproduced by numerical simulations performed in the framework of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation under stochastic perturbation. PMID:25126934
Dynamical coupling of pygmy and giant resonances in relativistic Coulomb excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brady, N. S.; Aumann, T.; Bertulani, C. A.; Thomas, J. O.
2016-06-01
We study the Coulomb excitation of pygmy dipole resonances (PDR) in heavy ion reactions at 100 MeV/nucleon and above. The reactions 68Ni +197Au and 68Ni +208Pb are taken as practical examples. Our goal is to address the question of the influence of giant resonances on the PDR as the dynamics of the collision evolves. We show that the coupling to the giant resonances affects considerably the excitation probabilities of the PDR, a result that indicates the need of an improved theoretical treatment of the reaction dynamics at these bombarding energies.
Fano resonance of the ultrasensitve optical force excited by Gaussian evanescent field
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yang, Yang; Li, Jiafang; Li, Zhi-Yuan
2015-07-01
In this paper, we study the angle-dependent Fano-like optical force spectra of plasmonic Ag nanoparticles, which exhibit extraordinary transformation from Lorentzian resonance to Fano resonance when excited by a Gaussian evanescent wave. We systematically analyze the behavior of this asymmetric scattering induced optical force under different conditions and find that this Fano interference-induced force is ultrasensitive to the excitation wavelength, incident angle and particle size, as well as the core-shell configuration, which could be useful for wavelength- and angle-dependent size-selective optical manipulation. The origin of this Fano resonance is further identified as the interference between the two adjacent-order multipolar plasmonic modes excited in the Ag particle under the excitation of an inhomogeneously distributed evanescent field.
Excitation-induced dephasing in a resonantly driven InAs/GaAs quantum dot.
Monniello, Léonard; Tonin, Catherine; Hostein, Richard; Lemaitre, Aristide; Martinez, Anthony; Voliotis, Valia; Grousson, Roger
2013-07-12
We report on coherent emission of the neutral exciton state in a single semiconductor self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dot embedded in a one-dimensional waveguide, under resonant picosecond pulsed excitation. Direct measurements of the radiative lifetime and coherence time are performed as a function of excitation power and temperature. The characteristic damping of Rabi oscillations observed is attributed to an excitation-induced dephasing due to a resonant coupling between the emitter and the acoustic phonon bath of the matrix. Other sources responsible for the decrease of the coherence time have been evidenced, in particular an enhancement of the radiative recombination rate due to the resonant strong coupling between the dot and the one-dimensional optical mode. As a consequence, the emission couples very efficiently into the waveguide mode, leading to an additional relaxation term of the excited-state population. PMID:23889424
Excitation of ultrasharp trapped-mode resonances in mirror-symmetric metamaterials
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yang, Shengyan; Liu, Zhe; Xia, Xiaoxiang; E, Yiwen; Tang, Chengchun; Wang, Yujin; Li, Junjie; Wang, Li; Gu, Changzhi
2016-06-01
We experimentally demonstrate a metamaterial structure composed of two mirror-symmetric joint split ring resonators (JSRRs) that support extremely sharp trapped-mode resonance with a large modulation depth in the terahertz region. Contrary to the regular mirror-arranged SRR arrays in which both the subradiant inductive-capacitive (LC) resonance and quadrupole-mode resonance can be excited, our designed structure features a metallic microstrip bridging the adjacent SRRs, which leads to the emergence of an otherwise inaccessible ultrahigh-quality-factor resonance. The ultrasharp resonance occurs near the Wood-Rayleigh anomaly frequency, and the underlying mechanism can be attributed to the strong coupling between the in-plane propagating collective lattice surface mode originating from the array periodicity and localized surface plasmon resonance in mirror-symmetric coupled JSRRs, which dramatically reduces radiative damping. The ultrasharp resonance shows great potential for multifunctional applications such as plasmonic switching, low-power nonlinear processing, and chemical and biological sensing.
Contact resonance atomic force microscopy imaging in air and water using photothermal excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kocun, Marta; Labuda, Aleksander; Gannepalli, Anil; Proksch, Roger
2015-08-01
Contact Resonance Force Microscopy (CR-FM) is a leading atomic force microscopy technique for measuring viscoelastic nano-mechanical properties. Conventional piezo-excited CR-FM measurements have been limited to imaging in air, since the "forest of peaks" frequency response associated with acoustic excitation methods effectively masks the true cantilever resonance. Using photothermal excitation results in clean contact, resonance spectra that closely match the ideal frequency response of the cantilever, allowing unambiguous and simple resonance frequency and quality factor measurements in air and liquids alike. This extends the capabilities of CR-FM to biologically relevant and other soft samples in liquid environments. We demonstrate CR-FM in air and water on both stiff silicon/titanium samples and softer polystyrene-polyethylene-polypropylene polymer samples with the quantitative moduli having very good agreement between expected and measured values.
Contact resonance atomic force microscopy imaging in air and water using photothermal excitation
Kocun, Marta; Labuda, Aleksander; Gannepalli, Anil; Proksch, Roger
2015-08-15
Contact Resonance Force Microscopy (CR-FM) is a leading atomic force microscopy technique for measuring viscoelastic nano-mechanical properties. Conventional piezo-excited CR-FM measurements have been limited to imaging in air, since the “forest of peaks” frequency response associated with acoustic excitation methods effectively masks the true cantilever resonance. Using photothermal excitation results in clean contact, resonance spectra that closely match the ideal frequency response of the cantilever, allowing unambiguous and simple resonance frequency and quality factor measurements in air and liquids alike. This extends the capabilities of CR-FM to biologically relevant and other soft samples in liquid environments. We demonstrate CR-FM in air and water on both stiff silicon/titanium samples and softer polystyrene-polyethylene-polypropylene polymer samples with the quantitative moduli having very good agreement between expected and measured values.
Zhang, Y.P.; Ziegler, L.D. )
1989-09-07
Rotationally resolved resonance Raman spectra and excitation profiles of O{sub 2} excited with narrow-band radiation tunable throughout the {nu}{prime} = 5 absorption band of the Schumann-Runge (SR) region (190-192 nm) are reported. The pressure dependence and scattering polarization unambiguously identify all the observed resonant emission intensity as Raman scattering (both resonant and off-resonant), not resonance fluorescence. This characterization is in contrast to the description of the resonant emission of the SR absorption bands offered in recent laser-excited studies. Excitation profile analysis determines rotationally specific lifetimes of the {nu}{prime} = 5 level. A homogeneous line width of 2.05 {plus minus} 0.10 cm{sup {minus}1} is determined for the rotational levels of this vibronic band. Within experimental uncertainty, this line width/lifetime is independent of the rotational angular momentum of the resonant predissociative rovibronic levels of the {nu}{prime} = 5 band. This value is in excellent agreement with the results of the most recent SR absorption contour analysis but is not in quantitative agreement with the most recent theoretical modeling of the rovibronic dynamics of the SR absorption bands.
Lan, C. B.; Qin, W. Y.
2014-09-15
This letter investigates the energy harvesting from the horizontal coherent resonance of a vertical cantilever beam subjected to the vertical base excitation. The potential energy of the system has two symmetric potential wells. So, under vertical excitation, the system can jump between two potential wells, which will lead to the large vibration in horizontal direction. Two piezoelectric patches are pasted to harvest the energy. From experiment, it is found that the vertical excitation can make the beam turn to be bistable. The system can transform vertical vibration into horizontal vibration of low frequency when excited by harmonic motion. The horizontal coherence resonance can be observed when excited by a vertical white noise. The corresponding output voltages of piezoelectric films reach high values.
Directional excitation of surface plasmons by dielectric resonators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zou, Chengjun; Withayachumnankul, Withawat; Shadrivov, Ilya V.; Kivshar, Yuri S.; Fumeaux, Christophe
2015-02-01
An important aim of current research on plasmonics is to develop compact components to manipulate surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and specifically to develop efficient SPP couplers. The commonly used metallic resonators are inefficient to couple free-space waves to SPPs and metallic gratings require oblique incidence for achieving unidirectional propagation. In this article, we propose to use nanoscale nonuniform arrays of dielectric resonator antennas (DRAs) to realize unidirectional launching of SPPs. DRAs are made of low-loss high-permittivity nanostructures operating on a metal surface. The applications of metallodielectric nanostructures can produce resonances mainly in the low-loss dielectric parts and hence the power dissipated through oscillating current in metal can be reduced. Similar to metallic resonators, DRAs operating near resonance can provide phase control when coupling incident waves into SPPs, adding degrees of freedom in controlling propagation direction. The theoretical analysis in this article, with numerical validation, shows efficient SPPs launching by nonuniform array of cylindrical DRAs into a predesigned direction. Furthermore, with proper patterning, optimal launching can be achieved by avoiding power leakage via deflection into free space. The SPP launching condition and the influence of propagation loss are also mathematically analyzed from the viewpoint of antenna array theory. The SPPs launchers based on DRAs have a potential for applications in highly efficient integrated optics and optical waveguides.
Topical applications of resonance internal conversion in laser produced plasma
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Karpeshin, F. F.
2007-04-01
Physical aspects of resonance effects arising in plasma due to interactions of nuclei with the electrons are considered. Among them are resonance conversion (TEEN) and the reverse process of NEET. These processes are of great importance for pumping the excited nuclear states (isomers) and for accelerating their decay. Experiment is discussed on studying the unique 3.5-eV 229m Th nuclide.
Fluorescence polarization of helium negative-ion resonances excited by polarized electron impact
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Maseberg, J. W.; Gay, T. J.
2006-12-01
We have investigated helium (1s3d) 3D → (1s2p) 3P (588 nm) fluorescence produced by electron impact excitation in the vicinity of the (2s22p) 2P and (2s2p2) 2D negative-ion resonances at 57.2 and 58.3 eV, respectively. In contrast to previous work, we use spin-polarized incident electrons and report the relative Stokes parameters P1, P2 and P3 in the 55-60 eV region. Our failure to see discernable resonance effects in P2 indicates that even though the lifetime of these resonances is significant (~10 fs), magnetic forces acting on the temporarily captured electron are small. Resonant structures in the values of P1 and P3 are observed because the polarization contributions of resonant states are generally different than those from direct excitation of the 3 3D state.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shaaban, Mahmoud; Mohany, Atef
2015-04-01
A passive method for controlling the flow-excited acoustic resonance resulting from subsonic flows over rectangular cavities in channels is investigated. A cavity with length to depth ratio of is tested in air flow of Mach number up to 0.45. When the acoustic resonance is excited, the sound pressure level in the cavity reaches 162 dB. Square blocks are attached to the surface of the channel and centred upstream of the cavity leading edge to suppress the flow-excited acoustic resonance in the cavity. Six blocks of different widths are tested at three different upstream distances. The results show that significant attenuation of up to 30 dB of the excited sound pressure level is achieved using a block with a width to height ratio of 3, while blocks that fill the whole width of the channel amplify the pressure of the excited acoustic resonance. Moreover, it is found that placing the block upstream of the cavity causes the onset of the acoustic resonance to occur at higher flow velocities. In order to investigate the nature of the interactions that lead to suppression of the acoustic resonance and to identify the changes in flow patterns due to the placement of the block, 2D measurements of turbulence intensity in the shear layer and the block wake region are performed. The location of the flow reattachment point downstream of the block relative to the shear layer separation point has a major influence on the suppression level of the excited acoustic resonance. Furthermore, higher attenuation of noise is related to lower span-wise correlation of the shear-layer perturbation.
Resonant X-ray emission with a standing wave excitation
Ruotsalainen, Kari O.; Honkanen, Ari-Pekka; Collins, Stephen P.; Monaco, Giulio; Moretti Sala, Marco; Krisch, Michael; Hämäläinen, Keijo; Hakala, Mikko; Huotari, Simo
2016-01-01
The Borrmann effect is the anomalous transmission of x-rays in perfect crystals under diffraction conditions. It arises from the interference of the incident and diffracted waves, which creates a standing wave with nodes at strongly absorbing atoms. Dipolar absorption of x-rays is thus diminished, which makes the crystal nearly transparent for certain x-ray wave vectors. Indeed, a relative enhancement of electric quadrupole absorption via the Borrmann effect has been demonstrated recently. Here we show that the Borrmann effect has a significantly larger impact on resonant x-ray emission than is observable in x-ray absorption. Emission from a dipole forbidden intermediate state may even dominate the corresponding x-ray spectra. Our work extends the domain of x-ray standing wave methods to resonant x-ray emission spectroscopy and provides means for novel spectroscopic experiments in d- and f-electron systems. PMID:26935531
Stochastic resonance in a locally excited system of bistable oscillators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gosak, M.; Perc, M.; Kralj, S.
2011-04-01
Stochastic resonance is studied in a one-dimensional array of overdamped bistable oscillators in the presence of a local subthreshold periodic perturbation. The system can be treated as an ensemble of pseudospins tending to align parallel which are driven dynamically by an external periodic magnetic field. The oscillators are subjected to a dynamic white noise as well as to a static topological disorder. The latter is quantified by the fraction of randomly added long-range connections among ensemble elements. In the low connectivity regime the system displays an optimal global stochastic resonance response if a small-world network is formed. In the mean-field regime we explain strong changes in the dynamic disorder strength provoking a maximal stochastic resonance response via the variation of fraction of long-range connections by taking into account the ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition of the pseudospins. The system size analysis shows only quantitative power-law type changes on increasing number of pseudospins.
Non-contact excitation of fundamental resonance frequencies of an asphalt concrete specimen
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gudmarsson, Anders; Ryden, Nils; Birgisson, Björn
2015-03-01
Impact hammer and non-contact speaker excitation were applied to an asphalt concrete, a PVC-U and a concrete specimen to measure the fundamental longitudinal resonance frequency at different strain levels. The impact and the noncontact excitation methods resulted in similar resonance frequencies for the undamaged asphalt concrete and for the PVC-U specimen. However, the two excitation approaches gave different results for the concrete specimen, which was shown to have a nonlinear response to increasing strain levels. A reduction and a following recovery of the resonance frequency of the asphalt concrete were shown after the specimen was exposed to a small amount of damage. However, no fast nonlinear dynamics were observed for the asphalt concrete through the speaker measurements.
Nonlinear theory of wakefield excitation in a rectangular multizone dielectric resonator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Galaydych, K. V.; Sotnikov, G. V.
2011-01-01
A nonlinear self-consistent theory has been constructed and used to investigate numerically the wakefield excitation in multilayered dielectric resonators by relativistic electron bunches. Analytical expressions for solenoidal and potential components of an excited electromagnetic field have been derived. The excitation of a five-zone dielectric resonator by relativistic electron bunches was numerically investigated and comparison was made between the longitudinal distribution of an axial electric field and the results obtained previously for a corresponding problem in the waveguide formulation. The necessity of optimizing geometrical parameters of the resonator to reduce mode amplitudes nonresonant with a bunch, and to obtain a symmetric distribution of the longitudinal electric field component in the drive and accelerating channels, has been demonstrated.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Arkhipov, R. M.; Arkhipov, M. V.; Belov, P. A.; Babushkin, I.; Tolmachev, Yu. A.
2016-03-01
We investigate the possibility of controlling the radiation parameters of a spatially periodic one-dimensional medium consisting of classical harmonic oscillators by means of a sequence of ultrashort pulses that propagate through the medium with a superluminal velocity. We show that, in the spectrum of the transient process, in addition to the radiation at a resonant frequency of oscillators, new frequencies arise that depend on the period of the spatial distribution of the oscillator density, the excitation velocity, and the angle of observation. We have examined in detail the case of excitation of the medium by a periodic sequence of ultrashort pulses that travel with a superluminal velocity. We show that it is possible to excite oscillations of complex shapes and to control the radiation parameters of the resonant medium by changing the relationship between the pulse repetition rate, the medium resonant frequency, and the new frequency.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Warnecke, J.; Luehr, H.; Takahashi, K.
1990-01-01
The purpose of the study is to establish the most probable excitation mechanism of the magnetic storm occurred after an inverse sudden impulse on September 4, 1984. Geomagnetic pulsations in the Pc5-frequency range observed at magnetometer stations are evaluated. Attention is focused on two events of the enhanced activity: for the first one, conjugate observations on the ground are assessed and then compared with satellite-based observations on adjacent field lines; for the second event two hours later, data from an extended azimuthal range is employed. It is pointed out that the observations are consistent with the theory of filed-line resonance, and may be interpreted as excitations caused by pressure variations in the solar wind. Both magnetopause-surface waves and cavity resonances are excited; the cavity mode drives toroidal field-line oscillations at locations where its frequency matches the resonance frequency of the field lines.
Excitation of Δ and N* resonances in isobaric charge-exchange reactions of heavy nuclei
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vidaña, I.; Benlliure, J.; Geissel, H.; Lenske, H.; Scheidenberger, C.; Vargas, J.
2016-01-01
We present a model for the study of the excitation of Δ(1232) and N*(1440) resonances in isobaric charge-exchange (AZ, A(Z ± 1)) reactions of heavy nuclei. Quasi-elastic and inelastic elementary processes contributing to the double differential cross sections of the reactions are described in terms of the exchange of virtual pions. The inelastic channel includes processes where the resonances are excited both in the target and in the projectile nucleus. We present results for reactions of 112Sn and 124Sn on different targets. Our results confirm that the position of the Δ peak is insensitive to targets with mass number A ≥ 12, and show that the origin of the Δ peak shift towards low excitation energies, with respect to its position in reactions with a proton target, can be easily explained in terms of the superposition of the different excitation mechanisms contributing to the reaction.
Electron emission from fast heavy ions associated with resonant coherent excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Suda, S.; Nakano, Y.; Metoki, K.; Azuma, T.; Takano, Y.; Hatakeyama, A.; Nakai, Y.; Komaki, K.; Takada, E.; Murakami, T.
2011-06-01
We observed convoy electrons emitted from 416 MeV/u He-like Ar16+ passing through a thin Si crystal under the condition of three-dimensional resonant coherent excitation (3D-RCE). The convoy electrons, which originate from electrons released from ions into the continuum by collisions with target atoms, emerged in the forward direction and formed a cusp-shaped peak in the energy distribution. We selectively controlled the population of the ground and excited states of ions traveling through the crystal by using 3D-RCE, where the 1s electron was excited to the 2p state by a periodic crystal field. Under the resonance condition, we found an enhancement of the convoy electrons with a narrowing in the energy distribution, which reflects the electron momentum distribution of the initial bound state of the excited ions.
Minola, M; Dellea, G; Gretarsson, H; Peng, Y Y; Lu, Y; Porras, J; Loew, T; Yakhou, F; Brookes, N B; Huang, Y B; Pelliciari, J; Schmitt, T; Ghiringhelli, G; Keimer, B; Braicovich, L; Le Tacon, M
2015-05-29
We used resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) with and without analysis of the scattered photon polarization, to study dispersive spin excitations in the high temperature superconductor YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{6+x} over a wide range of doping levels (0.1≤x≤1). The excitation profiles were carefully monitored as the incident photon energy was detuned from the resonant condition, and the spin excitation energy was found to be independent of detuning for all x. These findings demonstrate that the largest fraction of the spin-flip RIXS profiles in doped cuprates arises from magnetic collective modes, rather than from incoherent particle-hole excitations as recently suggested theoretically [Benjamin et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 247002 (2014)]. Implications for the theoretical description of the electron system in the cuprates are discussed. PMID:26066453
Internal resonance in forced vibration of coupled cantilevers subjected to magnetic interaction
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Li-Qun; Zhang, Guo-Ce; Ding, Hu
2015-10-01
Forced vibration is investigated for two elastically connected cantilevers, under harmonic base excitation. One of the cantilevers is with a tip magnet repelled by a magnet fixed on the base. The cantilevers are uniform viscoelastic beams constituted by the Kelvin model. The system is formulated as a set of two linear partial differential equations with nonlinear boundary conditions. The method of multiple scales is developed to analyze the effects of internal resonances on the steady-state responses to external excitations in the nonlinear boundary problem of the partial differential equations. In the presence of 2:1 internal resonance, both the first and the second primary resonances are examined in detail. The analytical frequency-amplitude response relationships are derived from the solvability conditions. It is found that the frequency-amplitude response curves reveal typical nonlinear phenomena such as jumping and hysteresis in both primary resonances as well as saturation in the second primary resonance. The frequency-amplitude response curves may be converted from hardening-type single-jumping to double-jumpings, and further to softening-type single-jumping by adjusting the distance between two magnets. It is also found that the unstable parts of the frequency-amplitude response curves correspond to quasi-periodic motions. The finite difference scheme is proposed to discretize both the temporal and the spatial variables, and thus the numerical solutions can be calculated. The analytical results are supported by the numerical solutions.
Recent results on giant dipole resonance decays in highly excited nuclei
Snover, K.A.
1991-12-31
Some recent results on Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) decays in highly excited, equilibrated nuclei, are discussed based primarily on work done at Seattle. Four sections address the following topics: oblate shapes of rotating, highly excited Zr--Mo nuclei; adiabatic versus `motionally narrowed` GDR decay; large spin-driven deformations observed in hot medium-mass nuclei; and search for entrance channel effects in GDR decay following {sup 58}Ni {plus} {sup 92}Zr fusion. 22 refs.
Recent results on giant dipole resonance decays in highly excited nuclei
Snover, K.A.
1991-01-01
Some recent results on Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) decays in highly excited, equilibrated nuclei, are discussed based primarily on work done at Seattle. Four sections address the following topics: oblate shapes of rotating, highly excited Zr--Mo nuclei; adiabatic versus motionally narrowed' GDR decay; large spin-driven deformations observed in hot medium-mass nuclei; and search for entrance channel effects in GDR decay following [sup 58]Ni [plus] [sup 92]Zr fusion. 22 refs.
De-excitation X rays from Resonant Coherently Excited 390-MeV/u Hydrogen-like Ar Ions
Datz, S.
1999-08-01
Resonant coherent excitation (RCE) of 390 MeV/u hydrogen-like Ar{sup 17+} ions planar channeled in a Si crystal was investigated through measurements of the de-excitation X-rays as we11 as the charge state distribution of the transmitted ions. We observed enhancements of both the fraction of ionized Ar{sup 18+} ions and the intensity of the de-excitation X-rays under the RCE condition. The n=2 states of Ar{sup 17+} in the crystal are split into four energy levels due to spin-orbit interaction and Stark effect induced by the planar potential of the crystal. The intensities of the X-rays from the lower two levels were found to be smaller compared with those from the higher two levels, which is explained by the dominance of the 2s component not decaying via a single photon emission. The difference between the resonance profiles of the charge state and the X-ray reflects the nature of n=2 states in the crystal field.
Resonance enhanced electron impact excitation for P-like Cu XV
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Li, Shuang; Yan, Jun; Li, Chuan-Ying; Huang, Min; Chen, Chong-Yang
2015-11-01
Employing both the Dirac R-matrix and the relativistic distorted wave with independent process and isolated resonance approaches, we report resonance enhanced electron impact excitation data (specifically, effective collision strengths) among the lowest 41 levels from the n = 3 configurations of Cu XV. The results show that the latter approach can obtain resonance contributions reasonably well for most excitations of Cu XV, though a comparison between the two approaches shows that the close-coupling effects are truly significant for rather weak excitations, especially for two-electron excitations from the 3s3p4 to 3s23p23d configuration. Resonance contributions are significant (more than two orders of magnitude) for many excitations and dramatically influence the line intensity ratios associated with density diagnostics. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11076009 and 11374062), the Chinese Association of Atomic and Molecular Data, the Chinese National Fusion Project for ITER (Grant No. 2015GB117000), and the Leading Academic Discipline Project of Shanghai, China (Grant No. B107).
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Xiong, Liuyang; Tang, Lihua; Mace, Brian R.
2016-05-01
An internal resonance based broadband vibration energy harvester is proposed by introducing an auxiliary oscillator to the main nonlinear harvesting oscillator. Compared to conventional nonlinear energy harvesters, the natural frequencies of this two-degree-of-freedom nonlinear system can be easily adjusted to be commensurable which will result in more resonant peaks and better wideband performance. Experimental measurements and equivalent circuit simulations demonstrate that this design outperforms its linear counterpart. In addition to the open-circuit voltage, the optimal resistance to obtain the maximum power is determined. Nearly 130% increase in the bandwidth is achieved compared to the linear counterpart at an excitation level of 2 m/s2. The findings provide insight for the design of a broadband energy harvester when there is nonlinearity and internal resonance.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bulíř, Jiří; Zikmund, Tomáš; Novotný, Michal; Lančok, Ján; Fekete, Ladislav; Juha, Libor
2016-04-01
We report on excitation of the photoluminescence of lithium fluoride by means of the surface plasmon resonance of Al layer. Advantage of this method is high efficiency of the excitation, which is applicable to ultra-thin films. P-polarized UV diode laser light is coupled to the surface plasmon resonance using a fused silica prism in Kretschmann configuration. The angular dependence of the reflected intensity is measured using a theta-2theta goniometer. The surface plasmon at resonance condition induces photoluminescence in the adjacent lithium fluoride layer. The fluoride layers were deposited on Al-coated fused silica substrates by electron beam evaporation. For the experiment, we prepared several samples with thickness ranging from 20 to 71 nm. We studied the effect of the luminescence enhancement by the surface plasmon resonance effect. Strong quenching effect was observed in the thinnest LiF layer. Influence of X-ray irradiation on the photoluminescence was studied.
Resonance charge exchange between excited states in slow proton-hydrogen collisions
Tolstikhina, Inga Yu.; Kato, Daiji
2010-09-15
The theory of resonance charge exchange in slow collisions of a proton with a hydrogen atom in the excited state is developed. It extends the Firsov-Demkov theory of resonance charge exchange to the case of degenerate initial and final states. The theory is illustrated by semiclassical and quantum calculations of charge exchange cross sections between states with n=2 in parabolic and spherical coordinates. The results are compared with existing close-coupling calculations.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Tanaka, Motohiko; Sato, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, A.
1989-01-01
The excitation of the kinetic Alfven wave by resonant mode conversion and longitudinal heating of the plasma by the kinetic Alfven wave were demonstrated on the basis of a macroscale particle simulation. The longitudinal electron current was shown to be cancelled by the ions. The kinetic Alfven wave produced an ordered motion of the plasma particles in the wave propagation direction. The electrons were pushed forward along the ambient magnetic field by absorbing the kinetic Alfven wave through the Landau resonance.
Thomas, L.L.; Kim, Jaeho; Cotton, T.M. )
1990-12-05
Surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) spectra are reported for chlorophyll a adsorbed on a silver electrode at 298 and 77 K with 406.7-, 457.9-, 514.5-, and 647.1-nm excitation. Submerging the electrode in degassed water at 298 K was found to improve the spectral quality by minimizing sample heating and photooxidation. Spectral intensities and peak resolutions were greater at all excitation wavelengths at liquid nitrogen temperature. Most significantly, roughened silver at the low temperature quenched the fluorescence accompanying red excitation and minimized sample photooxidation, resulting in richly detailed SERRS spectra of chlorophyll a. The close correspondence between chlorophyll a resonance Raman (RR) and SERRS spectra suggests that an electromagnetic mechanism is the major source of the surface enhancement, rather than a chemical mechanism (e.g. a charge-transfer complex between chlorophyll a and the metal). The spectral similarities, together with the presence of the MgN{sub 4} vibration band in the SERRS spectra, also provide evidence that structural alterations (e.g. cleavage of ring V or loss of Mg) do not occur in chlorophyll a after adsorption at the electrode surface. A distinctive SERRS spectrum was obtained for each excitation wavelength. Selective excitation within the various electronic transitions can thus be utilized to verify assignments of the vibrational modes of chlorophyll a and to monitor its interactions and photochemical behavior in biomimetic systems.
Zhang, Yu; Biggs, Jason D.; Healion, Daniel; Govind, Niranjan; Mukamel, Shaul
2012-01-01
We report simulations of X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) and 1D stimulated X-ray Raman spectroscopy (SXRS) signals of cysteine at the oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur K and \\documentclass[12pt]{minimal}\\begin{document}$\\textrm {L}_{2,3}$\\end{document}L2,3 edges. Comparison of the simulated XANES signals with experiment shows that the restricted window time-dependent density functional theory is more accurate and computationally less expensive than the static exchange method. Simulated RIXS and 1D SXRS signals give some insights into the correlation of different excitations in the molecule. PMID:23181305
Zhang, Yu; Biggs, Jason D.; Healion, Daniel; Govind, Niranjan; Mukamel, Shaul
2012-11-21
We report simulations of X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) and 1D stimulated X-ray Raman spectroscopy (SXRS) signals of cysteine at the oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur K and L2,3 edges. The simulated XANES signals from the restricted window time-dependent density functional theory (REW-TDDFT) and the static exchange (STEX) method are compared with experiments, showing that REW-TDDFT is more accurate and computationally less expensive than STEX. Simulated RIXS and 1D SXRS signals from REW-TDDFT give some insights on the correlation of different excitations in the molecule.
Lifetime-vibrational interference effects in resonantly excited x-ray emission spectra of CO
Skytt, P.; Glans, P.; Gunnelin, K.
1997-04-01
The parity selection rule for resonant X-ray emission as demonstrated for O{sub 2} and N{sub 2} can be seen as an effect of interference between coherently excited degenerate localized core states. One system where the core state degeneracy is not exact but somewhat lifted was previously studied at ALS, namely the resonant X-ray emission of amino-substituted benzene (aniline). It was shown that the X-ray fluorescence spectrum resulting from excitation of the C1s at the site of the {open_quotes}aminocarbon{close_quotes} could be described in a picture separating the excitation and the emission processes, whereas the spectrum corresponding to the quasi-degenerate carbons could not. Thus, in this case it was necessary to take interference effects between the quasi-degenerate intermediate core excited states into account in order to obtain agreement between calculations and experiment. The different vibrational levels of core excited states in molecules have energy splittings which are of the same order of magnitude as the natural lifetime broadening of core excitations in the soft X-ray range. Therefore, lifetime-vibrational interference effects are likely to appear and influence the band shapes in resonant X-ray emission spectra. Lifetime-vibrational interference has been studied in non-resonant X-ray emission, and in Auger spectra. In this report the authors discuss results of selectively excited soft X-ray fluorescence spectra of molecules, where they focus on lifetime-interference effects appearing in the band shapes.
Resonance-enhanced vibrational excitation in electron scattering from O/sub 2/ multilayer films
Sanche, L.; Michaud, M.
1981-10-05
Electron-impact intramolecular vibrational and vibronic excitation of disordered multilayer O/sub 2/ films is studied with primary energies varying from 2 to 20 eV. The intensity of the v = 1 to v = 4 vibrational modes of ground state O/sub 2/ exhibits a broad resonance as a function of electron energy. At the resonance maximum the vibrational intensities are enhanced by one to two orders of magnitude. The resonance appears to be derived from gas-phase O/sub 2/-quasibound states.
The role of the partner atom and resonant excitation energy in ICD in rare gas dimers
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
O'Keeffe, Patrick; Ripani, Enrico; Bolognesi, Paola; Coreno, Marcello; Avaldi, Lorenzo; Devetta, Michele; Callegari, Carlo; Di Praia, Michele; Prince, Kevin; Richter, Robert; Alagial, Michele; Kivimäkil, Antti
2014-04-01
We show experimental evidence for Interatomic Coulombic Decay (ICD) in mixed rare gas dimers following resonant Auger decay. A velocity map imaging apparatus together with a cooled supersonic beam containing Ar2, ArNe and ArKr dimers was used to record electron VMI images in coincidence with two mass selected ions following excitation on five resonances converging to the Ar+ 2p-11/2 and 2p-13/2 thresholds using the synchrotron radiation. The results show that the kinetic energy distribution of the ICD electrons observed in coincidence with the ions from Coulomb explosion of the dimers depends on the partner ion and resonant photon energy.
Resonant generation of internal waves on the soft sea bed by a surface water wave
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wen, Feng
1995-08-01
The nonlinear response of an initially flat sea bed to a monochromatic surface progressive wave was studied using the multiple scale perturbation method. Two opposite-traveling subliminal internal ``mud'' waves are selectively excited and form a resonant triad with the surface wave. The amplitudes of the internal waves grow on a time scale much longer than the period of the surface wave. It was found that the sea bed response is critically dependent on the density ratio of water and soil, depth of water, and depth and viscosity of the saturated soil. The result of instability analysis is in qualitative agreement with the result of a wave flume experiment.
Influence of shape resonances on minima in cross sections for photoionization of excited atoms
Felfli, Z.; Manson, S.T. Department of Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303 )
1990-02-01
A relationship between the location of Cooper minima and the difference between the quantum defect of the initial state and the threshold phase shift (in units of {pi}) of the final state in excited photoionization has been suggested earlier (Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 473 (1982)). The existence of a shape resonance in the final state is shown to modify this relationship.
Study of orbitally excited B mesons and evidence for a new Bπ resonance
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aaltonen, T.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J. A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Bae, T.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Bland, K. R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Butti, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calamba, A.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Clark, A.; Clarke, C.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Corbo, M.; Cordelli, M.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Cremonesi, M.; Cruz, D.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; d'Ascenzo, N.; Datta, M.; de Barbaro, P.; Demortier, L.; Deninno, M.; Devoto, F.; D'Errico, M.; Di Canto, A.; Di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; D'Onofrio, M.; Donati, S.; Dorigo, M.; Driutti, A.; Ebina, K.; Edgar, R.; Elagin, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, S.; Esham, B.; Farrington, S.; Feindt, M.; Fernández Ramos, J. P.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Frisch, H.; Funakoshi, Y.; Galloni, C.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Gerberich, H.; Gerchtein, E.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldin, D.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González López, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Gramellini, E.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Hahn, S. R.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, M.; Harr, R. F.; Harrington-Taber, T.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heck, M.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hocker, A.; Hong, Z.; Hopkins, W.; Hou, S.; Hughes, R. E.; Husemann, U.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jindariani, S.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kambeitz, M.; Kamon, T.; Karchin, P. E.; Kasmi, A.; Kato, Y.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kim, Y. J.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, M.; Knoepfel, K.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Kruse, M.; Kuhr, T.; Kurata, M.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lannon, K.; Latino, G.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, J. S.; Leo, S.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limosani, A.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Liu, H.; Liu, Q.; Liu, T.; Lockwitz, S.; Loginov, A.; Lucà, A.; Lucchesi, D.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Madrak, R.; Maestro, P.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Marchese, L.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, P.; Martínez, M.; Matera, K.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzacane, A.; Mazzanti, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Mietlicki, D.; Mitra, A.; Miyake, H.; Moed, S.; Moggi, N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Naganoma, J.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Nigmanov, T.; Nodulman, L.; Noh, S. Y.; Norniella, O.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Ortolan, L.; Pagliarone, C.; Palencia, E.; Palni, P.; Papadimitriou, V.; Parker, W.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pianori, E.; Pilot, J.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Poprocki, S.; Potamianos, K.; Prokoshin, F.; Pranko, A.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Ranjan, N.; Redondo Fernández, I.; Renton, P.; Rescigno, M.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robson, A.; Rodriguez, T.; Rolli, S.; Ronzani, M.; Roser, R.; Rosner, J. L.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, A.; Russ, J.; Rusu, V.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Sakurai, Y.; Santi, L.; Sato, K.; Saveliev, V.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schwarz, T.; Scodellaro, L.; Scuri, F.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Semenov, A.; Sforza, F.; Shalhout, S. Z.; Shears, T.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shochet, M.; Shreyber-Tecker, I.; Simonenko, A.; Sliwa, K.; Smith, J. R.; Snider, F. D.; Sorin, V.; Song, H.; Stancari, M.; St. Denis, R.; Stentz, D.; Strologas, J.; Sudo, Y.; Sukhanov, A.; Suslov, I.; Takemasa, K.; Takeuchi, Y.; Tang, J.; Tecchio, M.; Teng, P. K.; Thom, J.; Thomson, E.; Thukral, V.; Toback, D.; Tokar, S.; Tollefson, K.; Tomura, T.; Tonelli, D.; Torre, S.; Torretta, D.; Totaro, P.; Trovato, M.; Ukegawa, F.; Uozumi, S.; Vázquez, F.; Velev, G.; Vellidis, C.; Vernieri, C.; Vidal, M.; Vilar, R.; Vizán, J.; Vogel, M.; Volpi, G.; Wagner, P.; Wallny, R.; Wang, S. M.; Waters, D.; Wester, W. C.; Whiteson, D.; Wicklund, A. B.; Wilbur, S.; Williams, H. H.; Wilson, J. S.; Wilson, P.; Winer, B. L.; Wittich, P.; Wolbers, S.; Wolfe, H.; Wright, T.; Wu, X.; Wu, Z.; Yamamoto, K.; Yamato, D.; Yang, T.; Yang, U. K.; Yang, Y. C.; Yao, W.-M.; Yeh, G. P.; Yi, K.; Yoh, J.; Yorita, K.; Yoshida, T.; Yu, G. B.; Yu, I.; Zanetti, A. M.; Zeng, Y.; Zhou, C.; Zucchelli, S.; CDF Collaboration
2014-07-01
Using the full CDF Run II data sample, we report evidence for a new resonance, which we refer to as B(5970), found simultaneously in the B0π+ and B+π- mass distributions with a significance of 4.4 standard deviations. We further report the first study of resonances consistent with orbitally excited B+ mesons and an updated measurement of the properties of orbitally excited B0 and Bs0 mesons. We measure the masses and widths of all states, as well as the relative production rates of the B1, B2*, and B(5970) states and the branching fraction of the Bs2*0 state to either B*+K- and B+K-. Furthermore, we measure the production rates of the orbitally excited B0,+ states relative to the B0,+ ground state. The masses of the new B(5970) resonances are 5978±5(stat)±12(syst) MeV/c2 for the neutral state and 5961±5(stat)±12(syst) MeV /c2 for the charged state, assuming that the resonance decays into Bπ final states. The properties of the orbitally excited and the new B(59700,+) states are compatible with isospin symmetry.
Excitation of the lower oblique resonance by an artificial plasma jet in the ionosphere
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Thiel, J.; Storey, L. R. O.; Bauer, O. H.; Jones, D.
1984-04-01
Aboard the Porcupine rockets, bursts of noise were detected in the electron whistler range during the operation of a xenon plasma gun on a package ejected from the main payload. These observations can be interpreted in terms of excitation of the lower oblique resonance by instabilities associated with the motion of the xenon ion beam through the ionospheric plasma.
Broadband THz response of a resonantly excited high-densityexciton gas
Huber, Rupert; Kaindl, Robert A.; Schmid, Benjamin A.; Chemla,Daniel S.
2004-11-22
The density-driven crossover of electron-hole pairs frominsulating to conducting states is observed via the internal 1s-2pexciton resonance. Decreasing interparticle distance induces strongshifts and broadening, and ultimately the disappearance of the excitonicresonance.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the internal auditory canal
Daniels, D.L.; Herfkins, R.; Koehler, P.R.; Millen, S.J.; Shaffer, K.A.; Williams, A.L.; Haughton, V.M.
1984-04-01
Three patients with exclusively or predominantly intracanalicular neuromas and 5 with presumably normal internal auditory canals were examined with prototype 1.4- or 1.5-tesla magnetic resonance (MR) scanners. MR images showed the 7th and 8th cranial nerves in the internal auditory canal. The intracanalicular neuromas had larger diameter and slightly greater signal strength than the nerves. Early results suggest that minimal enlargement of the nerves can be detected even in the internal auditory canal.
Flexible optical manipulation of ring resonator by frequency detuning and double-port excitation.
Geng, Yong; Zhu, Tongtong; Lv, Haiyi; Cao, Yongyin; Sun, Fangkui; Ding, Weiqiang
2016-07-11
Optical force exerted on a ring resonator, which can move freely in plane, is investigated using the finite-difference in time-domain method. In order to manipulate the ring resonator more flexibly, two assistant waveguides are introduced to form a microring resonator based add-drop device. Results show that a blue tuned source is more suitable for the manipulation of the ring, rather than the central resonant frequency as expected. A red-tuned frequency, however, is difficult to trap the ring stably. When the frequency detuning is combined with selected double-port excitation, the ring can be trapped stably at some discrete positions, some determined regions, or be transported continuously along the waveguide. This optically reconfigurable opto-mechanical resonant system may find potential applications in tunable photonic devices and precise sensing. PMID:27410856
Parameter-Induced Stochastic Resonance of Weak Periodic Signal Excitation with α Stable Noise
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhang, Qing; Kou, Jie; Jiao, Shang-Bin
In view of the nonlinear bistable system, this paper studied the parameter-induced stochastic resonance phenomenon of low-frequency weak signal excitation under α stable noise environment, and explored the action laws of the α stable noise distribution parameters α, β, μ, σ and the bistable system parameters a, b on stochastic resonance effect. The results show that in different α stable noise, adjusting the bistable system parameters can induce stochastic resonance; Moreover, when a(or b) is fixed, the intervals of b(or a) which can induce stochastic resonance are multiple and don't change with any α stable distribution parameter. Further, by combining with the parameter compensation method for researching on high-frequency weak signal, the same action laws as the low-frequency signal are got. The conclusions are significant for using parameter-induced stochastic resonance principle in weak signal detection in the abnormal diffusion dynamical system.
Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of the T1 Triplet Excited State of Oligothiophenes.
Wang, Chen; Angelella, Maria; Doyle, Samantha J; Lytwak, Lauren A; Rossky, Peter J; Holliday, Bradley J; Tauber, Michael J
2015-09-17
The characterization of triplet excited states is essential for research on organic photovoltaics and singlet fission. We report resonance Raman spectra of two triplet oligothiophenes with n-alkyl substituents, a tetramer and hexamer. The spectra of the triplets are more complex than the ground state, and we find that density functional theory calculations are a useful starting point for characterizing the bands. The spectra of triplet tetrathiophene and hexathiophene differ significantly from one another. This observation is consistent with a T1 excitation that is delocalized over at least five rings in long oligomers. Bands in the 500-800 cm(-1) region are greatly diminished for an aggregated sample of hexathiophene, likely caused by fast electronic dephasing. These experiments highlight the potential of resonance Raman spectroscopy to unequivocally detect and characterize triplets in thiophene materials. The vibrational spectra can also serve as rigorous standards for evaluating computational methods for excited-state molecules. PMID:26291623
Novelli, Fabio; Nazir, Ahsan; Richards, Gethin H; Roozbeh, Ashkan; Wilk, Krystyna E; Curmi, Paul M G; Davis, Jeffrey A
2015-11-19
Until recently it was believed that photosynthesis, a fundamental process for life on earth, could be fully understood with semiclassical models. However, puzzling quantum phenomena have been observed in several photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes, prompting questions regarding the nature and role of these effects. Recent attention has focused on discrete vibrational modes that are resonant or quasi-resonant with excitonic energy splittings and strongly coupled to these excitonic states. Here we unambiguously identify excited state coherent superpositions in photosynthetic light-harvesting complexes using a new experimental approach. Decoherence on the time scale of the excited state lifetime allows low energy (56 cm(-1)) oscillations on the signal intensity to be observed. In conjunction with an appropriate model, these oscillations provide clear and direct experimental evidence that the persistent coherences observed originate from quantum superpositions among vibronic excited states. PMID:26528956
Flow-excited acoustic resonance of two tandem cylinders in cross-flow
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mohany, A.; Ziada, S.
2005-11-01
The aeroacoustic response of two tandem cylinders in cross-flow is investigated experimentally. Eleven spacing ratios between the cylinders, in the range of L/D=1.2 4.5, have been tested to investigate the effect of the gap between the cylinders on the excitation mechanism of acoustic resonance. During the tests, the acoustic cross-modes of the duct housing the cylinders are self-excited. Similar tests are performed on isolated cylinders. The aeroacoustic response of the tandem cylinders is found to be considerably different from that of isolated cylinders. For isolated cylinders, acoustic resonance of a given mode occurs over a single range of flow velocity and is excited by the natural vortex shedding process observed in the absence of acoustic resonance. In the case of tandem cylinders with a spacing ratio inside the proximity region, L/D is less than 3.5, the resonance occurs over two different ranges of flow velocity. One of these ranges is similar to that observed for isolated cylinders and the other occurs at much lower flow velocities. The latter resonance range seems to be triggered by the instability of the separated flow in the gap between the cylinders. Outside the proximity region, the aeroacoustic response of the two tandem cylinders is similar to that of isolated cylinder.
Sorensen, S. L.; Kitajima, M.; Tanaka, T.; Hoshino, M.; Tanaka, H.; Tamenori, Y.; Sankari, R.; Piancastelli, M. N.; Ueda, K.; Velkov, Y.; Minkov, I.; Carravetta, V. |; Gel'mukhanov, F. |
2007-12-15
We present an experimental observation of the electronic Doppler effect in resonant Auger spectra upon core excitation slightly above the carbon K edge of the CO molecule. Thus the electronic Doppler effect has been identified in above-threshold excitation, and in a transition of {pi} symmetry. Ab initio calculations of the potential energy curves of the relevant states of CO and the wave packet technique have been employed to provide a theoretical background to the experimental studies. The weak feature around 299.4 eV in the photoabsorption spectrum, whose decay has been investigated by the present experiment, is assigned to double (core-valence) excitations to C 1s shake-up states |1s{sub C}{sup -1}1{pi}{sup -1}{pi}*{sup 2}> with a strong dissociative character, and the Doppler splitting of the atomic peak has been reproduced by the simulation.
Strouhal numbers of flow-excited resonance of closed side branches
Ziada, S.; Shine, S.
1995-12-01
Flow-excited acoustic resonances of piping systems containing closed side-branches are often encountered in engineering applications. They are excited by the unstable shear layer which separates the mean flow in the main pipe from the stagnant fluid in the branch. The object of this paper is to provide design charts which can be used to predict the critical velocity at which an acoustic resonance may be initiated. Model tests were carried out on three different configurations of side-branches (single, tandem and coaxial branches). For each of these pipe configurations, the effects of the diameter ratio (d/D), the distance from an upstream elbow (L) and the acoustic damping are investigated in some detail. The test results are embodied into a design chart to predict the flow velocity at the onset of resonance as a function of the system operational and geometric parameters.
Floß, Johannes; Averbukh, Ilya Sh
2016-05-19
We describe a universal behavior of linear molecules excited by a periodic train of short laser pulses under conditions close to the quantum resonance. The quantum resonance effect causes an unlimited ballistic growth of the angular momentum. We show that a disturbance of the quantum resonance, either by the centrifugal distortion of the rotating molecules or a controlled detuning of the pulse train period from the so-called rotational revival time, eventually halts the growth by causing Anderson localization beyond a critical value of the angular momentum, the Anderson wall. Below the wall, the rotational excitation oscillates with the number of pulses due to a mechanism similar to Bloch oscillations in crystalline solids. We suggest optical experiments capable of observing the rotational Anderson wall and Bloch oscillations at near-ambient conditions with the help of existing laser technology. PMID:26799273
Numerical simulation of the excitation of a Helmholtz resonator by a grazing flow.
Mallick, S; Shock, R; Yakhot, V
2003-10-01
The process of noise generation in a flow-excited Helmholtz resonator involves strong interaction between a time-dependent fluid flow and acoustic resonance. Quantitative prediction of this effect, requiring accurate prediction of time-dependent features of a flow over complex three-dimensional bodies, turbulence modeling, compressibility and Mach number effects, is one of the major challenges to computational fluid dynamics. In this paper a numerical procedure based on the lattice kinetic equation, combined with the RNG turbulence model, is applied to describe a well-controlled experiment on acoustic resonance excitation by a grazing flow [Nelson et al., J. Sound Vib. 78, 15-27 (1981)]. The achieved agreement between numerical and physical experiments is very good. The simulations reveal a universality transformation enabling comparison of the data for different inlet conditions. PMID:14587584
Excitation of low frequency waves by streaming ions via anomalous cyclotron resonance
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Wu, C. S.; Dillenburg, D.; Gaffey, J. D., Jr.; Ziebell, L. F.; Goedert, J.; Freund, H. P.
1978-01-01
The effect of a small population of streaming ions on low-frequency waves with frequencies below the ion cyclotron frequency is analyzed for three modes of interest: Alfven waves, magnetosonic waves, and ion-cyclotron waves. The instability mechanism is the anomalous cyclotron resonance of the waves with the streaming ions. Conditions for excitation of the three types of waves are derived and expressions for the growth rates are obtained. Excitation of Alfven waves is possible even if the ratio of the densities of the streaming ions to the thermal ions is very small. For magnetosonic waves, excitation can easily occur if waves are propagating parallel or nearly parallel to the ambient magnetic field. As for ion-cyclotron waves, it is found that for the ion-whistler branch the excitation is suppressed over a broader range of wave frequencies than for the fast magnetosonic branch.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zahertar, S.; Yalcinkaya, A. D.; Torun, H.
2015-11-01
In this work, transmission characteristics of rectangular split-ring resonators with single-split and two-splits are analyzed at microwave frequencies. The resonators are coupled with monopole antennas for excitation. The scattering parameters of the devices are investigated under different polarizations of E and H fields. The magnetic resonances induced by E and H fields are identified and the differences in the behavior of the resonators due to orientations of the fields are explained based on simulation and experimental results. The addition of the second split of the device is investigated considering different configurations of the excitation vectors. It is demonstrated that the single-split and the two-splits resonators exhibit identical transmission characteristics for a certain excitation configuration as verified with simulations and experiments. The presented resonators can effectively function as frequency selective media for varying excitation conditions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
He, H. D.; Dong, J. Q.; Fu, G. Y.; Zheng, G. Y.; Sheng, Z. M.; Long, Y. X.; He, Z. X.; Jiang, H. B.; Shen, Y.; Wang, L. F.
2010-08-01
The internal kink (fishbone) modes, driven by barely passing energetic ions (EIs), are numerically studied with the spatial distribution of the EIs taking into account. It is found that the modes with frequencies comparable to the toroidal precession frequencies are excited by resonant interaction with the EIs. Positive and negative density gradient dominating cases, corresponding to off- and near-axis depositions of neutral beam injection (NBI), respectively, are analyzed in detail. The most interesting and important feature of the modes is that there exists a second stable regime in higher βh (=pressure of EIs/toroidal magnetic pressure) range, and the modes may only be excited by the barely passing EIs in a region of βth1<βh<βth2 (βth is threshold or critical beta of EIs). Besides, the unstable modes require minimum density gradients and minimum radial positions of NBI deposition. The physics mechanism for the existence of the second stable regime is discussed. The results may provide a means of reducing or even preventing the loss of NBI energetic ions and increasing the heating efficiency by adjusting the pitch angle and driving the system into the second stable regime fast enough.
Fiber-tip resonator excited by radiation pressure and photo-thermal effect
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ma, Cheng; Wang, Anbo
2010-04-01
A mechanical resonator was fabricated on the tip of a standard single mode fiber with outer diameter of 125 μm. The fabrication process involved a single-mode to a multimode fiber splicing, sputtering coating of a submicron gold nanofilm, focused ion beam (FIB) patterning and chemical wet etching. A micro-vibrating disk with suspension arms was formed on the sensing fiber tip, the resonance frequency of the vibrator is sensitive to mass loading on its surface. Vibration was excited by laser excitation via the radiation pressure and the photo-thermal effect and detected by a CW laser beam at another wavelength. The detected intensity of the fundamental and higher order harmonics can be monitored for resonance frequency determination. The excitation and detection beams were multiplexed within a single fiber link, which makes the sensor compact and versatile. The resonator maintained relatively high quality factor in air and was successfully applied to the analysis of layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembly and immuno-sensing.
Selective excitation of high-Q resonant modes in a bottle/quasi-cylindrical microresonator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dong, Yongchao; Jin, Xueying; Wang, Keyi
2016-08-01
We fabricate a bottle/quasi-cylindrical microresonator by using a fusion splicer. This method does not require a real-time control of the translation stages and can easily fabricate a resonator with expected size and shape. Selective excitation of whispering gallery modes (WGMs) in the resonator is realized with a fiber taper coupled at various positions of the resonator along the bottle axis. Most importantly, we obtain a clean and regular spectrum with very high quality factor (Q) modes up to 3.1×107 in the quasi-cylindrical region of the resonator. Moreover, we package the coupling system into a whole device that can be moved freely. The vibration performance tests of the packaged device show that the coupling system with the taper coupled at the quasi-cylindrical region has a remarkable anti-vibration ability. The portability and robustness of the device make it attractive in practical applications.
Piezoelectric cantilever-pendulum for multi-directional energy harvesting with internal resonance
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Xu, J.; Tang, J.
2015-04-01
Piezoelectric transducers are widely employed in vibration-based energy harvesting schemes. Simple piezoelectric cantilever for energy harvesting is uni-directional and has bandwidth limitation. In this research we explore utilizing internal resonances to harvest vibratory energy due to excitations from an arbitrary direction with the usage of a single piezoelectric cantilever. Specifically, it is identified that by attaching a pendulum to the piezoelectric cantilever, 1:2 internal resonances can be induced based on the nonlinear coupling. The nonlinear effect induces modal energy exchange between beam bending motion and pendulum motions in 3-dimensional space, which ultimately yield multidirectional energy harvesting by a single cantilever. Systematic analysis and experimental investigation are carried out to demonstrate this new concept.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wethekam, S.; Winter, H.
2011-06-01
C60+ molecular ions with energies of 5-45 keV are scattered under grazing angles of incidence of 1-3° from a LiF(1 0 0) surface. From the analysis of polar angular distributions, fragment size distributions, and ion fractions for scattered projectiles, information on elastic, internal excitation, and charge transfer processes are derived. The results are compared to classical molecular dynamics simulations, which reproduce the angular distributions on a quantitative level, but the internal excitation only in part. In addition to the transfer of the normal energy loss to internal degrees of freedom of the molecule, an excitation is identified and interpreted as resonant coherent excitation in the oscillating electric field in front of the surface experienced by the moving projectile. The ion fractions are in accord with a complete suppression of charge transfer between fullerene ion and surface.
Liquid sensor based on a piezoelectric lateral electric field-excited resonator.
Zaitsev, Boris D; Shikhabudinov, Alexander M; Teplykh, Andrey A; Kuznetsova, Iren E
2015-12-01
The influence of viscous and conducting liquid on the characteristics of a piezoelectric lateral electric field-excited resonator based on the X-cut lithium niobate plate has been investigated. It has been found that the contact of a free surface of such resonator with conducting or viscous liquid leads to the substantial variation of its electrical impedance/admittance. The analysis has shown the modulus of electrical impedance or admittance at any frequency near the parallel or series resonance to be a parameter unambiguously associated with the conductivity or the viscosity. This parameter is more sensitive to the variation of the liquid conductivity or viscosity as compared to the widely used for this purpose resonant frequency whose variation area is essentially smaller. By this means the liquid conductivity and viscosity affects unambiguously on the change of electrical impedance and admittance modulus whose measurement at a fixed frequency should present no problem in practice. Consequently, the lateral field excited resonator we have described may be employed as a liquid conductivity and viscosity meter with an appropriate graduation. PMID:26216121
Upper atmospheric probing by resonance fluorescence excited by tunable laser radiation.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Saunders, A. R.; Mumola, P. B.
1972-01-01
Consideration of the application of the measurement of resonance fluorescence radiation excited by tunable laser radiation to the detection of atomic, molecular, and ionic species in the upper atmosphere. The species considered are N2, N2(+), NO, NO(+), O2(+), CO, CO(+), CH, Na, K, and Ca. Calculations of the resonance scattering cross sections, photon returns, and signal-to-noise ratios are given for these species for a range of conditions. Based on a probing altitude of 100 km, the detections of N2, NO, CO, CH, O2, and the trace metals appear feasible with state-of-the-art systems and within the concentration range present in the atmosphere.
Neutral resonant ionization in a H- plasma source: Potential of doubly excited **H-
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vogel, J. S.
2016-02-01
Hydrogen plasmas are optically dense to Lyman-α radiation, maintaining *H(n = 2) neutral atoms that may undergo neutral resonant ionization to **H-. One state, **H-(2p2 3Pe), is thought bound at 9.7 meV with a several nanosecond lifetime while all others are unbound resonances. Collision dynamics of two *H(2s) shows that an ionic pair of (p, **H-) resolves at least three long-standing collision experiments. The doubly excited anion also has a path to the unexcited ion pair whose only physical distinction is that both (p, H-) have energy of 3.7 eV.
Resonant quantum kicked rotor with two internal levels
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hernández, Guzmán; Romanelli, Alejandro
2013-04-01
We study a system consisting of a quantum kicked rotor with an additional degree of freedom. We show analytically and numerically that this model is characterized by its quantum resonances with ballistic spreading and by the entanglement between the internal and momentum degrees of freedom. We conclude that the model shows certain interesting similarities with the standard quantum walk on the line.
Resonant Excitation of Disk Oscillations in Deformed Disks IV: A New Formulation Studying Stability
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kato, Shoji; Okazaki, Atsuo T.; Oktariani, Finny
2011-04-01
The possibility has been suggested that high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillations observed in low-mass X-ray binaries are resonantly excited disk oscillations in deformed (warped or eccentric) relativistic disks (Kato 2004). In this paper we examine this wave excitation process from a viewpoint somewhat different from that of previous studies. We consider how amplitudes of a set of normal mode oscillations change secularly with time by their mutual couplings through disk deformation. As a first step, we consider the case where the number of oscillation modes contributing to the resonance coupling is two. The results show that two prograde oscillations interacting through disk deformation can grow if their wave energies have opposite signs.
Resonance excitation of the magnetosphere by hydromagnetic waves incident from solar wind
Mazur, V. A.
2010-11-15
The eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes of an MHD cavity in the front part of the magnetosphere and its excitation by monochromatic hydromagnetic waves incident onto the magnetosphere from solar wind are studied theoretically in the model of a plane-stratified plasma. The eigenmodes are damped due to both their absorption at the Alfven resonance points and their emission into solar wind through the magnetopause, which is partially transparent for the excited waves. It is shown that, due to the influence of the magnetospheric cavity, the pumping of the magnetosphere by the incident waves is resonance in character. The waves penetrate into the magnetosphere only if their frequencies lie in narrow spectral ranges near the eigenfrequencies of the cavity, the width of these ranges being on the order of the damping rate of the eigenmodes. Waves with other frequencies are almost completely reflected from the magnetopause.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jia, Bing; Gu, Hua-Guang; Li, Yu-Ye
2011-09-01
Excitability is an essential characteristic of excitable media such as nervous and cardiac systems. Different types of neuronal excitability are related to different bifurcation structures. We simulate the coherence resonance effect near a saddle-node and homoclinic bifurcation corresponding to type-I excitability in a theoretical neuron model, and recognize the obvious features of the corresponding firing pattern. Similar firing patterns are discovered in rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. The results are not only helpful for understanding the dynamics of the saddle-node bifurcation and type-I excitability in a realistic nervous system, but also provide a practical indicator to identify types of excitability and bifurcation.
Bertrand, F.E.; Beene, J.R.; Horen, D.J.
1988-01-01
Inelastic scattering of medium energy heavy ions provides very large cross sections and peak-to-continuum ratios for excitation of giant resonances. For energies above about 50 MeV/nucleon, giant resonances are excited primarily through Coulomb excitation, which is indifferent to isospin, thus providing a good probe for the study of isovector giant resonances. The extremely large cross sections available from heavy ion excitation permit the study of rare decay modes of the photon decay of giant resonances following excitation by 22 and 84 MeV/nucleon /sup 17/O projectiles. The singles results at 84 MeV/nucleon yield peak cross sections for the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance and the isovector giant dipole resonance of approximately 0.8 and 3 barns/sr, respectively. Data on the ground state decay of the isoscalar giant quadrupole and isovector giant dipole resonances are presented and compared with calculations. Decays to low-lying excited states are also discussed. Preliminary results from an experiment to isolate the /sup 208/Pb isovector quadrupole resonance using its gamma decay are presented.
Vartanyan, T. A.; Vashchenko, E. V. Leonov, N. B.; Przhibel'skii, S. G.; Khromov, V. V.
2009-07-15
The photoelectron emission from island sodium films is studied under the action of radiation that is resonant to the collective electron excitations in the nanoparticles forming a film. Noticeable deviations from the Fowler law and an increase in the photoelectron yield are detected. The dependences of the photoeffect efficiency from these films on their structural parameters, the polarization vector, and the angle of radiation incidence are obtained.
Xie, Zhi Qiang; Bai, Jaeil; Zhou, Yun Shen; Gao, Yi; Park, Jongbok; Guillemet, Thomas; Jiang, Lan; Zeng, Xiao Cheng; Lu, Yong Feng
2014-01-01
Crystallographic orientations determine the optical, electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties of crystals. Control of crystallographic orientations has been studied by changing the growth parameters, including temperature, pressure, proportion of precursors, and surface conditions. However, molecular dynamic mechanisms underlying these controls remain largely unknown. Here we achieved control of crystallographic orientations in diamond growth through a joint experimental and theoretical study of laser resonant vibrational excitation of precursor molecules (ethylene). Resonant vibrational excitation of the ethylene molecules using a wavelength-tunable CO2 laser steers the chemical reactions and promotes proportion of intermediate oxide species, which results in preferential growth of {100}-oriented diamond films and diamond single crystals in open air. Quantum molecular dynamic simulations and calculations of chemisorption energies of radicals detected from our mass-spectroscopy experiment provide an in-depth understanding of molecular reaction mechanisms in the steering of chemical reactions and control of crystallographic orientations. This finding opens up a new avenue for controlled chemical vapor deposition of crystals through resonant vibrational excitations to steer surface chemistry. PMID:24694918
Merging compact binaries in hierarchical triple systems: Resonant excitation of binary eccentricity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liu, Bin; Lai, Dong; Yuan, Ye-Fei
2015-12-01
We study the secular dynamics of compact binaries (consisting of white dwarfs, neutron stars or black holes) with tertiary companions in hierarchical triple systems. As the inner binary (with initially negligible eccentricity) undergoes orbital decay due to gravitational radiation, its eccentricity can be excited by gravitational forcing from the tertiary. This excitation occurs when the triple system passes through an "apsidal precession resonance," when the precession rate of the inner binary, driven by the gravitational perturbation of the external companion and general relativity, matches the precession rate of the outer binary. The eccentricity excitation requires the outer companion to be on an eccentric orbit, with the mutual inclination between the inner and outer orbits less than ˜40 ° . Gravitational wave (GW) signals from the inner binary can be significantly modified as the system evolves through the apsidal precession resonance. For some system parameters (e.g., a white dwarf binary with a brown dwarf tertiary), the resonance can happen when the binary emits GWs in the 10-4-10-1 Hz range (the sensitivity band of LISA).
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Pindzola, M. S.; Temkin, A.; Bhatia, A. K.
1979-01-01
The general reaction theory of Feshbach is applied to the calculation of resonant effects in near-threshold electron-positive-ion excitation. The theory divides configuration space into open- and closed-channel parts, resonance effects being described by the closed-channel part. The open-channel part is handled in a distorted-wave approximation to the set of open-channel coupled equations. Various methods are suggested for handling the closed-channel part. However, an 'attached-excited-target approximation' is used explicitly, which is further approximated by a set of uncoupled closed-channel equations. As an example, the 1 1S-2 1P excitation cross section of O VII below the 3 3S threshold is calculated. Various distorted-wave approximations are investigated and results from most of them are quite similar. Resonant effects arising from the attachment of the colliding electron with the 3 3S state are found to be small, but other close-lying n = 3 states have not yet been included.
Webb, Ian K.; Chen, Tsung-Chi; Danielson, William F.; Ibrahim, Yehia M.; Tang, Keqi; Anderson, Gordon A.; Smith, Richard D.
2014-01-28
Under and overfragmentation are significant hurdles to the data independent “bottom-up” approach to proteomics. Another challenge to the data independent approach is the convolution of fragments from different peptides that coelute in reverse-phase liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (RPLC/MS). The ion mobility/collision induced dissociation/time-of flight mass spectrometry (IMS/CID/TOF MS) approach gives drift-time aligned fragment ions that have the same arrival time distributions as precursor ions, greatly aiding in fragment and peptide ion identification. We have modified an IMS/TOF MS platform to allow for resonant excitation CID experiments. Resonant excitation CID leads to highly efficient, mass-resolved fragmentation without additional excitation of product ions, alleviating the overfragmentation problem. The ability to apply resonant waveforms in mobility-resolved windows has been demonstrated with a peptide mixture yielding fragmentation over a range of mass-to-charge (m/z) ratios within a single IMS separation experiment.
Extracting paramagnon excitations from resonant inelastic x-ray scattering experiments
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lamsal, Jagat; Montfrooij, Wouter
2016-06-01
Resonant x-ray scattering experiments on high-temperature superconductors and related cuprates have revealed the presence of intense paramagnon scattering at high excitation energies, of the order of several hundred meV. The excitation energies appear to show very similar behavior across all compounds, ranging from magnetically ordered, via superconductors, to heavy fermion systems. However, we argue that this apparent behavior has been inferred from the data through model fitting which implicitly imposes such similarities. Using model fitting that is free from such restrictions, we show that the paramagnons are not nearly as well defined as has been asserted previously, and that some paramagnons might not represent propagating excitations at all. Our work indicates that the data published previously in the literature will need to be reanalyzed with proper models.
Romeira, Bruno; Javaloyes, Julien; Ironside, Charles N; Figueiredo, José M L; Balle, Salvador; Piro, Oreste
2013-09-01
We demonstrate, experimentally and theoretically, excitable nanosecond optical pulses in optoelectronic integrated circuits operating at telecommunication wavelengths (1550 nm) comprising a nanoscale double barrier quantum well resonant tunneling diode (RTD) photo-detector driving a laser diode (LD). When perturbed either electrically or optically by an input signal above a certain threshold, the optoelectronic circuit generates short electrical and optical excitable pulses mimicking the spiking behavior of biological neurons. Interestingly, the asymmetric nonlinear characteristic of the RTD-LD allows for two different regimes where one obtain either single pulses or a burst of multiple pulses. The high-speed excitable response capabilities are promising for neurally inspired information applications in photonics. PMID:24103966
Study of Collective Dipole Excitations below the Giant Dipole Resonance at HI{gamma}S
Tonchev, A. P.; Howell, C. R.; Tornow, W.; Angell, C.; Boswell, M.; Karwowski, H. J.; Chyzh, A.; Kelley, J. H.; Tsoneva, N.; Wu, Y. K.
2007-02-26
The High-Intensity Gamma-ray Source utilizing intra-cavity back-scattering of free electron laser photons from relativistic electrons allows one to produce a unique beam of high-flux gamma rays with 100% polarization and selectable energy and energy resolution which is ideal for low-energy {gamma}-ray scattering experiments. Nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments have been performed on N=82 nuclei. High sensitivity studies of E1 and M1 excitations at energies close to the neutron emission threshold have been performed. The method allows the determination of excitation energies, spin, parities, and decay branching ratios of the pygmy dipole mode of excitation. The observations are compared with calculations using statistical and quasi-particle random-phase approximations.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mori, Daisuke; Kawanabe, Tetsuo; Takao, Yoshinori; Eriguchi, Koji; Ono, Kouichi
2012-10-01
Downsizing spacecrafts has recently been focused on to decrease mission costs and to increase launch rates, and missions with small satellites would bring a great advantage of reducing their risks. Such a concept supports a new approach to developing precise, reliable, and low-cost micropropulsion systems. We have studied two types of microwave-excited microplasma thrusters, using surface wave-excited and electron cyclotron resonance-excited discharges. Microwaves of S-band (4 GHz) and X-band (11 GHz) were employed to excite the plasma in these experiments, with the feed or propellant gases of Ar and He. A microplasma thruster of electrothermal type consisted of a surface wave-excited microplasma source, and a converging-diverging micronozzle to obtain the thrust. For 11-GHz microwaves at a power of 6 W, a thrust of 1.1 mN and a specific impulse of 90 s were obtained at an Ar gas flow rate of 40 sccm, where the plasma electron density was 1.2x10^20 m-3, and the gas temperature was 1.5x10^3 K; under the same conditions for 4-GHz microwaves, the thrust, specific impulse, electron density, and gas temperature were 0.93 mN, 80 s, 7.0x10^19 m-3, and 8.0x10^2 K, respectively. A microplasma thruster of electromagnetic type had a microplasma source excited by electron cyclotron resonance with external magnetic fields, to obtain the thrust through accelerating ions by ambipolar electric fields. Optical emission spectrum was dominated by Ar^+ ion lines in the microplasma thruster of electromagnetic type, owing to higher electron temperatures at lower feed-gas pressures.
Acoustic resonance excitation of turbulent heat transfer and flow reattachment downstream of a fence
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Selcan, Claudio; Cukurel, Beni; Shashank, Judah
2015-12-01
The current work investigates the aero-thermal impact of standing sound waves, excited in a straight channel geometry, on turbulent, separating and reattaching flow over a fence. Effects of distinct frequency resonant forcing (ReH = 10,050 and f = 122 Hz) are quantified by wall static pressure measurements and detailed convective heat transfer distributions via liquid crystal thermometry. Acoustic boundary conditions are numerically predicted and the computed longitudinal resonance mode shapes are experimentally verified by surface microphone measurements. Findings indicate the presence of a resonant sound field to exert strong influence on local heat transfer downstream of the fence, whereas the boundary layer upstream of the obstacle remains notable unaffected. Upstream shift of the maximum heat transfer location and an earlier pressure recovery indicate a reduction in time averaged flow reattachment length of up to 37 %. Although the streamwise peak Nusselt increased by only 5 %, the heat transfer level in the vicinity of the unexcited reattachment zone was locally enhanced up to 25 %. Despite prominent impact of resonant forcing on the fence wake flow, the total pressure drop penalty remained invariant. Observations demonstrate the significant aero-thermal implications of shear layer excitation by standing sound waves superimposed on the channel flow field.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Zhong; Li, Yuee
2015-09-01
Resonance enhancement of Raman spectroscopy (RS) has been used to significantly improve the sensitivity and selectivity of detection for specific components in complicated environments. Resonance RS gives more insight into the biochemical structure and reactivity. In this field, selecting a proper excitation wavelength to achieve optimal resonance enhancement is vital for the study of an individual chemical/biological ingredient with a particular absorption characteristic. Raman spectra of three azo derivatives with absorption spectra in the visible range are studied under the same experimental conditions at 488, 532, and 633 nm excitations. Universal laws in the visible range have been concluded by analyzing resonance Raman (RR) spectra of samples. The long wavelength edge of the absorption spectrum is a better choice for intense enhancement and the integrity of a Raman signal. The obtained results are valuable for applying RR for the selective detection of biochemical constituents whose electronic transitions take place at energies corresponding to the visible spectra, which is much friendlier to biologial samples compared to ultraviolet.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Haverkort, Maurits W.
2016-05-01
Depending on the material and edge under consideration, core level spectra manifest themselves as local excitons with multiplets, edge singularities, resonances, or the local projected density of states. Both extremes, i.e., local excitons and non-interacting delocalized excitations are theoretically well under control. Describing the intermediate regime, where local many body interactions and band-formation are equally important is a challenge. Here we discuss how Quanty, a versatile quantum many body script language, can be used to calculate a variety of different core level spectroscopy types on solids and molecules, both in the frequency as well as the time domain. The flexible nature of Quanty allows one to choose different approximations for different edges and materials. For example, using a newly developed method merging ideas from density renormalization group and quantum chemistry [1-3], Quanty can calculate excitons, resonances and band-excitations in x-ray absorption, photoemission, x-ray emission, fluorescence yield, non-resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, resonant inelastic x-ray scattering and many more spectroscopy types. Quanty can be obtained from: http://www.quanty.org.
Dissociation of chloromethanes upon resonant σ* excitation studied by x-ray scattering
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bohinc, R.; Žitnik, M.; Bučar, K.; Kavčič, M.; Journel, L.; Guillemin, R.; Marchenko, T.; Simon, M.; Cao, W.
2013-10-01
The dissociation process following the Cl K-shell excitation to σ* resonances is studied by high resolution spectroscopy of resonant elastic and inelastic x-ray scattering on CH3Cl, CH2Cl2, CHCl3, and CCl4 molecules. Calculations employing the transition potential and Delta-Kohn-Sham DFT approach are in good agreement with the measured total fluorescence yield and show the presence of a second quasidegenerate group of states with σ* character above the lowest σ* unoccupied molecular orbital for molecules with more than one Cl atom. A bandwidth narrowing and a nonlinear dispersion behavior is extracted from the Kα spectral maps for both σ* resonances. The fitted data indicate that the widths of the Franck-Condon distributions for the first and second σ* resonances are comparable for all the molecules under study. In addition, an asymmetric broadening of the emission peaks is observed for resonant elastic x-ray scattering with zero detuning on both σ* resonances. This is attributed to the fast dissociation, transferring about 0.15 of the scattering probability into higher vibrational modes.
Dissociation of chloromethanes upon resonant σ{sup *} excitation studied by x-ray scattering
Bohinc, R.; Bučar, K.; Kavčič, M.; Žitnik, M.; Journel, L.; Guillemin, R.; Marchenko, T.; Simon, M.; Cao, W.
2013-10-07
The dissociation process following the Cl K-shell excitation to σ{sup *} resonances is studied by high resolution spectroscopy of resonant elastic and inelastic x-ray scattering on CH{sub 3}Cl, CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2}, CHCl{sub 3}, and CCl{sub 4} molecules. Calculations employing the transition potential and Delta-Kohn-Sham DFT approach are in good agreement with the measured total fluorescence yield and show the presence of a second quasidegenerate group of states with σ{sup *} character above the lowest σ{sup *} unoccupied molecular orbital for molecules with more than one Cl atom. A bandwidth narrowing and a nonlinear dispersion behavior is extracted from the Kα spectral maps for both σ{sup *} resonances. The fitted data indicate that the widths of the Franck-Condon distributions for the first and second σ{sup *} resonances are comparable for all the molecules under study. In addition, an asymmetric broadening of the emission peaks is observed for resonant elastic x-ray scattering with zero detuning on both σ{sup *} resonances. This is attributed to the fast dissociation, transferring about 0.15 of the scattering probability into higher vibrational modes.
Fiber pigtailed thin wall capillary coupler for excitation of microsphere WGM resonator.
Wang, Hanzheng; Lan, Xinwei; Huang, Jie; Yuan, Lei; Kim, Cheol-Woon; Xiao, Hai
2013-07-01
In this paper, we demonstrate a fiber pigtailed thin wall capillary coupler for excitation of Whispering Gallery Modes (WGMs) of microsphere resonators. The coupler is made by fusion-splicing an optical fiber with a capillary tube and consequently etching the capillary wall to a thickness of a few microns. Light is coupled through the peripheral contact between inserted microsphere and the etched capillary wall. The coupling efficiency as a function of the wall thickness was studied experimentally. WGM resonance with a Q-factor of 1.14 × 10(4) was observed using a borosilicate glass microsphere with a diameter of 71 μm. The coupler operates in the reflection mode and provides a robust mechanical support to the microsphere resonator. It is expected that the new coupler may find broad applications in sensors, optical filters and lasers. PMID:23842369
Vasco, J P; Vinck-Posada, H; Valentim, P T; Guimãraes, P S S
2013-12-16
We study the reflectivity spectra of photonic crystal slab cavities using an extension of the scattering matrix method that allows treating finite sizes of the spot of the excitation beam. The details of the implementation of the method are presented and then we show that Fano resonances arise as a consequence of the electromagnetic interference between the discrete contribution of the fundamental cavity mode and the continuum contribution of the light scattered by the photonic crystal pattern. We control the asymmetry lineshape of the Fano resonance through the polarization of the incident field, which determines the relative phase between the two electromagnetic contributions to the interference. We analyse the electric field profile inside and outside of the crystal to help in the understanding of the dependence on polarization of the reflectivity lineshape. We also study with our implementation the dependence of the Fano resonances on the size of the incident radiation spot. PMID:24514709
L-shell resonant transfer excitation in Cuq++H2 (q=18,19) collisions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Závodszky, P. A.; Wroblewski, J. A.; Ferguson, S. M.; Gorczyca, T. W.; Houck, J. H.; Woitke, O.; Tanis, J. A.; Badnell, N. R.
1997-09-01
Resonant transfer excitation (RTE) involving L-1Mn (n>=M) resonant states has been investigated for Na-like and Ne-like Cuq++H2 collisions (q=18 and 19). The M- to L-shell x-ray production cross sections (RTEX's) of these resonance states are studied by x-ray projectile ion coincidences. Previous measurements of L-shell RTEX for Nbq+ (q=28-31) ions showed the measured cross sections to be nearly a factor of 2 smaller than the calculated ones. For Cu18+ the present results show the position and width of the measured RTEX maximum cross section to be in agreement with the calculations; however, the measured absolute cross sections are about 60% higher than the predicted ones. In the case of Ne-like Cu19+ projectiles, the metastable component in the beam made it impossible to observe RTEX's.
Resonant excitation of Rayleigh waves in a narrow fluid channel clad between two metal plates
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nagaraj, Nagaraj; Krokhin, Arkadii; Sánchez-Dehesa, José.; Garcia-Chocano, Victor M.
2012-02-01
We study extraordinary absorption of acoustic energy due to resonant excitation of Rayleigh waves in a narrow water channel clad between two unidentical metal plates with Brass plate on one side of the channel and Aluminium plate on the other. The extraordinary absorption is observed at discrete resonant frequencies. From the elastic properties of the metal plates we derive a dispersion equation for coupled Rayleigh waves. Two different types of resonances, corresponding to different polarizations of the coupled waves, are studied for different channel widths and are experimentally confirmed. We also present the experimental confirmation of coupling through measurements of change in transmission minima with channel aperture. Experimental, theoretical, and numerical results are in a good agreement.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Babaev, A.; Pivovarov, Yu. L.
2012-03-01
The presented program is designed to simulate the characteristics of resonant coherent excitation of hydrogen-like ions planar-channeled in a crystal. The program realizes the numerical algorithm to solve the Schrödinger equation for the ion-bound electron at a special resonance excitation condition. The calculated wave function of the bound electron defines probabilities for the ion to be in the either ground or first excited state, or to be ionized. Finally, in the outgoing beam the fractions of ions in the ground state, in the first excited state, and ionized by collisions with target electrons, are defined. The program code is written on C++ and is designed for multiprocessing systems (clusters). The output data are presented in the table. Program summaryProgram title: RCE_H-like_1 Catalogue identifier: AEKX_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEKX_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 2813 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 34 667 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: C++ (g++, icc compilers) Computer: Multiprocessor systems (clusters) Operating system: Any OS based on LINUX; program was tested under Novell SLES 10 Has the code been vectorized or parallelized?: Yes. Contains MPI directives RAM: <1 MB per processor Classification: 2.1, 2.6, 7.10 External routines: MPI library for GNU C++, Intel C++ compilers Nature of problem: When relativistic hydrogen-like ion moves in the crystal in the planar channeling regime, in the ion rest frame the time-periodic electric field acts on the bound electron. If the frequency of this field matches the transition frequency between electronic energy levels, the resonant coherent excitation can take place. Therefore, ions in the different states may be
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Côte, Renaud; Pachebat, Marc; Bellizzi, Sergio
2014-09-01
The addition of an essentially nonlinear membrane absorber to a linear vibroacoustic system with multiple resonances is studied experimentally, using quasiperiodic excitation. An extended experimental dataset of the system response is analyzed under steady-state excitation at two frequencies. Thresholds between low and high damping states within the system and associated noise reduction are observed and quantified thanks to frequency conversion and RMS efficiency indicators. Following previous numerical results, it is shown that the membrane NES (Nonlinear Energy Sink) acts simultaneously and efficiently on two acoustic resonances. In all cases, the introduction of energy at a second excitation frequency appears favorable to lower the frequency conversion threshold and to lower the noise within the system. In particular, a simultaneous control of two one-to-one resonances by the NES is observed. Exploration of energy conversion in the two excitation amplitudes plane advocates for a linear dependence of the frequency conversion thresholds on the two excitation amplitudes.
Resonant plasmon-axion excitations induced by charge density wave order in a Weyl semimetal
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Redell, Matthew D.; Mukherjee, Shantanu; Lee, Wei-Cheng
2016-06-01
We investigate the charge excitations of a Weyl semimetal in the axionic charge density wave (axionic CDW) state. While it has been shown that the topological response (anomalous Hall conductivity) is protected against the CDW state, we find that the long-wavelength plasmon excitation is radically influenced by the dynamics of the CDW order parameter. In the normal state, we show that an undamped collective mode should exist at q ⃗≈Q⃗CDW if there is an attractive interaction favoring the formation of the CDW state. The undamped nature of this collective mode is attributed to a gaplike feature in the particle-hole continuum at q ⃗≈Q⃗CDW due to the chirality of the Weyl nodes, which is not seen in other materials with CDW instability. In the CDW state, the long-wavelength plasmon excitations become more dispersive due to the additional interband scattering not allowed in the normal state. Moreover, because the translational symmetry is spontaneously broken, umklapp scattering, the process conserving the total momentum only up to n Q⃗CDW , with n an integer and Q⃗CDW the ordering wave vector, emerges in the CDW state. We find that the plasmon excitation couples to the phonon mode of the CDW order via the umklapp scattering, leading to two branches of resonant collective modes observable in the density-density correlation function at q ⃗≈0 and q ⃗≈Q⃗CDW . Based on our analysis, we propose that measuring these resonant plasmon-axion excitations around q ⃗≈0 and q ⃗≈Q⃗CDW by momentum-resolved electron energy loss spectroscopy could serve as a reliable way to detect the axionic CDW state in Weyl semimetals.
Ouyang, Bing Xue, Jia-Dan Zheng, Xuming E-mail: zxm@zstu.edu.cn; Fang, Wei-Hai E-mail: fangwh@dnu.edu.cn
2014-05-21
The excited state structural dynamics of phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC) after excitation to the light absorbing S{sub 2}(A′), S{sub 6}(A′), and S{sub 7}(A′) excited states were studied by using the resonance Raman spectroscopy and complete active space self-consistent field method calculations. The UV absorption bands of PITC were assigned. The vibrational assignments were done on the basis of the Fourier transform (FT)-Raman and FT-infrared measurements, the density-functional theory computations, and the normal mode analysis. The A-, B-, and C-bands resonance Raman spectra in cyclohexane, acetonitrile, and methanol solvents were, respectively, obtained at 299.1, 282.4, 266.0, 252.7, 228.7, 217.8, and 208.8 nm excitation wavelengths to probe the corresponding structural dynamics of PITC. The results indicated that the structural dynamics in the S{sub 2}(A′), S{sub 6}(A′), and S{sub 7}(A′) excited states were very different. The conical intersection point CI(S{sub 2}/S{sub 1}) were predicted to play important role in the low-lying excited state decay dynamics. Two major decay channels were predicted for PITC upon excitation to the S{sub 2}(A′) state: the radiative S{sub 2,min} → S{sub 0} transition and the nonradiative S{sub 2} → S{sub 1} internal conversion via CI(S{sub 2}/S{sub 1}). The differences in the decay dynamics between methyl isothiocyanate and PITC in the first light absorbing excited state were discussed. The role of the intersystem crossing point ISC(S{sub 1}/T{sub 1}) in the excited state decay dynamics of PITC is evaluated.
Utilizing intentional internal resonance to achieve multi-harmonic atomic force microscopy.
Jeong, Bongwon; Pettit, Chris; Dharmasena, Sajith; Keum, Hohyun; Lee, Joohyung; Kim, Jungkyu; Kim, Seok; McFarland, D Michael; Bergman, Lawrence A; Vakakis, Alexander F; Cho, Hanna
2016-03-29
During dynamic atomic force microscopy (AFM), the deflection of a scanning cantilever generates multiple frequency terms due to the nonlinear nature of AFM tip-sample interactions. Even though each frequency term is reasonably expected to encode information about the sample, only the fundamental frequency term is typically decoded to provide topographic mapping of the measured surface. One of main reasons for discarding higher harmonic signals is their low signal-to-noise ratio. Here, we introduce a new design concept for multi-harmonic AFM, exploiting intentional nonlinear internal resonance for the enhancement of higher harmonics. The nonlinear internal resonance, triggered by the non-smooth tip-sample dynamic interactions, results in nonlinear energy transfers from the directly excited fundamental bending mode to the higher-frequency mode and, hence, enhancement of the higher harmonic of the measured response. It is verified through detailed theoretical and experimental study that this AFM design can robustly incorporate the required internal resonance and enable high-frequency AFM measurements. Measurements on an inhomogeneous polymer specimen demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed design, namely that the higher harmonic of the measured response is capable of enhanced simultaneous topography imaging and compositional mapping, exhibiting less crosstalk with an abrupt height change. PMID:26883303
Resonant transparency and non-trivial non-radiating excitations in toroidal metamaterials.
Fedotov, V A; Rogacheva, A V; Savinov, V; Tsai, D P; Zheludev, N I
2013-01-01
Engaging strongly resonant interactions allows dramatic enhancement of functionalities of many electromagnetic devices. However, resonances can be dampened by Joule and radiation losses. While in many cases Joule losses may be minimized by the choice of constituting materials, controlling radiation losses is often a bigger problem. Recent solutions include the use of coupled radiant and sub-radiant modes yielding narrow asymmetric Fano resonances in a wide range of systems, from defect states in photonic crystals and optical waveguides with mesoscopic ring resonators to nanoscale plasmonic and metamaterial systems exhibiting interference effects akin to electromagnetically-induced transparency. Here we demonstrate theoretically and confirm experimentally a new mechanism of resonant electromagnetic transparency, which yields very narrow isolated symmetric Lorentzian transmission lines in toroidal metamaterials. It exploits the long sought non-trivial non-radiating charge-current excitation based on interfering electric and toroidal dipoles that was first proposed by Afanasiev and Stepanovsky in [J. Phys. A Math. Gen. 28, 4565 (1995)]. PMID:24132231
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Ostriker, Eve C.; Shu, Frank H.; Adams, Fred C.
1992-01-01
An overview is presented of the astronomical evidence that relatively massive, distended, gaseous disks form as a natural by-product of the process of star formation, and also the numerical evidence that SLING-amplified eccentric modes in the outer parts of such disks can drive one-armed spiral density waves in the inner parts by near-resonant excitation and propagation. An ordinary differential equation (ODE) of the second order that approximately governs the nonlocalized forcing of waves in a disk satisfying Lindblad resonance almost everywhere is derived. When transformed and appended with an extra model term, this ODE implies, for free waves, the usual asymptotic results of the WKBJ dispersion relationship and the propagation Goldreich-Tremaine (1978) formula for the resonant torque exerted on a localized Lindblad resonance. An analytical solution is given for the rate of energy and angular momentum transfer by nonlocalized near-resonant forcing in the case when the disk has power-law dependences on the radius of the surface density and temperature.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Yu-Jen; Fu, Kuo-Chieh; Wang, Chun-Chieh
2016-01-01
This study investigated a smart pinless ejection mechanism comprising two dual-resonance excitation Langevin piezoelectric transducers (DRELPTs) for keeping the injection parts intact and protecting their top and bottom surfaces from scarring during plastic injection molding. The dimensions of each DRELPT were determined using longitudinal vibration models, and an optimization method was used to set the frequency ratio of the first to the second longitudinal mode to 1:2. This concept enables the driving of DRELPT in its two longitudinal modes consistent with the ejection direction in resonant-type smooth impact drive mechanisms. During the ejection process, DRELPT provides an ejection force, which is applied on the sidewalls of the injection parts to protect their top and bottom surfaces from scarring. Considering individual differences in the resonance frequencies of DRELPTs, a resonance frequency tracking circuit based on a phase-locked loop was designed to keep DRELPT actuating in resonance. The ejection velocity of the injection part was estimated using the kinetic models derived from the dynamic behavior of the mold cavity and injection parameters. A characteristic number S was defined to evaluate the average velocity of the injection part during ejection. Proof-of-concept experimental results of the pinless ejection mechanism are presented. The ejection time, that is, the time from triggering the composite wave to the full departure of the injection part from the mold cavity, was 72 ms.
Resonant Transparency and Non-Trivial Non-Radiating Excitations in Toroidal Metamaterials
Fedotov, V. A.; Rogacheva, A. V.; Savinov, V.; Tsai, D. P.; Zheludev, N. I.
2013-01-01
Engaging strongly resonant interactions allows dramatic enhancement of functionalities of many electromagnetic devices. However, resonances can be dampened by Joule and radiation losses. While in many cases Joule losses may be minimized by the choice of constituting materials, controlling radiation losses is often a bigger problem. Recent solutions include the use of coupled radiant and sub-radiant modes yielding narrow asymmetric Fano resonances in a wide range of systems, from defect states in photonic crystals and optical waveguides with mesoscopic ring resonators to nanoscale plasmonic and metamaterial systems exhibiting interference effects akin to electromagnetically-induced transparency. Here we demonstrate theoretically and confirm experimentally a new mechanism of resonant electromagnetic transparency, which yields very narrow isolated symmetric Lorentzian transmission lines in toroidal metamaterials. It exploits the long sought non-trivial non-radiating charge-current excitation based on interfering electric and toroidal dipoles that was first proposed by Afanasiev and Stepanovsky in [J. Phys. A Math. Gen. 28, 4565 (1995)]. PMID:24132231
Modeling and Simulation of a Parametrically Resonant Micromirror With Duty-Cycled Excitation
Shahid, Wajiha; Qiu, Zhen; Duan, Xiyu; Li, Haijun; Wang, Thomas D.; Oldham, Kenn R.
2014-01-01
High frequency large scanning angle electrostatically actuated microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) mirrors are used in a variety of applications involving fast optical scanning. A 1-D parametrically resonant torsional micromirror for use in biomedical imaging is analyzed here with respect to operation by duty-cycled square waves. Duty-cycled square wave excitation can have significant advantages for practical mirror regulation and/or control. The mirror’s nonlinear dynamics under such excitation is analyzed in a Hill’s equation form. This form is used to predict stability regions (the voltage-frequency relationship) of parametric resonance behavior over large scanning angles using iterative approximations for nonlinear capacitance behavior of the mirror. Numerical simulations are also performed to obtain the mirror’s frequency response over several voltages for various duty cycles. Frequency sweeps, stability results, and duty cycle trends from both analytical and simulation methods are compared with experimental results. Both analytical models and simulations show good agreement with experimental results over the range of duty cycled excitations tested. This paper discusses the implications of changing amplitude and phase with duty cycle for robust open-loop operation and future closed-loop operating strategies. PMID:25506188
4 f excitations in Ce Kondo lattices studied by resonant inelastic x-ray scattering
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Amorese, A.; Dellea, G.; Fanciulli, M.; Seiro, S.; Geibel, C.; Krellner, C.; Makarova, I. P.; Braicovich, L.; Ghiringhelli, G.; Vyalikh, D. V.; Brookes, N. B.; Kummer, K.
2016-04-01
The potential of resonant inelastic soft x-ray scattering to measure 4 f crystal electric-field excitation spectra in Ce Kondo lattices has been examined. Spectra have been obtained for several Ce systems and show a well-defined structure determined by crystal-field, spin-orbit, and charge-transfer excitations only. The spectral shapes of the excitation spectra can be well understood in the framework of atomic multiplet calculations. For CeCu2Si2 we found notable disagreement between the inelastic x-ray-scattering spectra and theoretical calculations when using the crystal-field scheme proposed from inelastic neutron scattering. Modified sets of crystal-field parameters yield better agreement. Our results also show that, with the very recent improvements of soft x-ray spectrometers in resolution to below 30 meV at the Ce M4 ,5 edges, resonant inelastic x-ray scattering could be an ideal tool to determine the crystal-field scheme in Ce Kondo lattices and other rare-earth compounds.
Detection of elliptical polarization and mode splitting in discrete Schumann resonance excitations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Sentman, D. D.
1989-01-01
Elliptical polarization and mode splitting have been detected in the magnetic component of discrete, well defined Schumann resonance excitations. These ELF excitations, which are large electromagnetic transients of approximately 1 s duration, are called Q-bursts and typically occur every few minutes. They are believed to be the signature of the impulsive excitation of the earth-ionosphere cavity by ultra-large lightning currents. In this paper the magnetic polarization and spectral characteristics of four large Q-bursts are examined in detail using a new analysis technique. Two events display right-hand polarization and two display left-hand polarization. The theoretical polarization properties of the central and side multiplets of the Schumann resonances are used to define a local orthogonal coordinate system in the measurement frame in which these components may be separated. Maximum entropy spectrums computed separately for what are identified to be the central and side multiplets in this coordinate system show distinctly different eigenfrequencies for the lowest mode near 7.5 Hz. For the limited number of cases examined the magnitude of the line splitting detected using this technique is roughly 1.4-1.8 Hz, larger by nearly a factor of two than theoretical or observed values of the splitting previously reported. The frequencies of the side multiplets may lie either above or below the frequency of the central multiplet.
Resonant excitation of black holes by massive bosonic fields and giant ringings
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Décanini, Yves; Folacci, Antoine; Ould El Hadj, Mohamed
2014-04-01
We consider the massive scalar field, the Proca field, and the Fierz-Pauli field in the Schwarzschild spacetime and we focus more particularly on their long-lived quasinormal modes. We show numerically that the associated excitation factors have a strong resonant behavior and we confirm this result analytically from semiclassical considerations based on the properties of the unstable circular geodesics on which a massive particle can orbit the black hole. The conspiracy of (i) the long-lived behavior of the quasinormal modes and (ii) the resonant behavior of their excitation factors induces intrinsic giant ringings, i.e., ringings of a huge amplitude. Such ringings, which are moreover slowly decaying, are directly constructed from the retarded Green function. If we describe the source of the black hole perturbation by an initial value problem with Gaussian initial data, i.e., if we consider the excitation of the black hole from an extrinsic point of view, we can show that these extraordinary ringings are still present. This suggests that physically realistic sources of perturbations should generate giant and slowly decaying ringings and that their existence could be used to constrain ultralight bosonic field theory interacting with black holes.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Danieli, R.; Denisov, V. N.; Ruani, G.; Zamboni, R.; Taliani, C.; Zakhidov, A. A.; Ugawa, A.; Imaeda, K.; Yakushi, K.; Inokuchi, H.; Kikuchi, K.; Ikemoto, I.; Suzuki, S.; Achiba, Y.
1992-01-01
We present a Raman scattering study of pristine and K doped C 60 at various doping levels by exciting in the near-IR at 1.16 eV. The normal metallic state of K 3C 60 is characterized by a broad scattering background and by the resonance of low energy phonons in the range of 250-500 cm -1. We assign the broad background to an electronic Raman scattering due to low energy electronic excitations. This spectral feature is indicative of an anomalous normal state behaviour and is similar to the case of high temperature ceramic superconductors. In the overdoped K 6C 60 the squashing mode at 278 cm -1 shows a Fano resonance with the electronic scattering associated with localized electronic excitations which are characteristic of isolated regions of K 3C 60 into the matrix of K 6C 60 as a result of inhomogeneous doping. The Fano resonance indicates a specific electron-phonon coupling of this Jahn-Teller mode with low energy excitations and suggests that the symmetry of this electronic excitation is h g (i.e. the same of the coupled phonon mode). We discuss the nature of the anomalous electronic Raman scattering in terms of scattering from low energy excitations involving a low lying singlet band resulting from electron correlation and/or dynamical J-T distortion caused by the squashing mode.
Resonant-type MEMS transducers excited by two acoustic emission simulation techniques
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ozevin, Didem; Greve, David W.; Oppenheim, Irving J.; Pessiki, Stephen
2004-07-01
Acoustic emission testing is a passive nondestructive testing technique used to identify the onset and characteristics of damage through the detection and analysis of transient stress waves. Successful detection and implementation of acoustic emission requires good coupling, high transducer sensitivity and ability to discriminate noise from real signals. We report here detection of simulated acoustic emission signals using a MEMS chip fabricated in the multi-user polysilicon surface micromachining (MUMPs) process. The chip includes 18 different transducers with 10 different resonant frequencies in the range of 100 kHz to 1 MHz. It was excited by two different source simulation techniques; pencil lead break and impact loading. The former simulation was accomplished by breaking 0.5 mm lead on the ceramic package. Four transducer outputs were collected simultaneously using a multi-channel oscilloscope. The impact loading was repeated for five different diameter ball bearings. Traditional acoustic emission waveform analysis methods were applied to both data sets to illustrate the identification of different source mechanisms. In addition, a sliding window Fourier transform was performed to differentiate frequencies in time-frequency-amplitude domain. The arrival and energy contents of each resonant frequency were investigated in time-magnitude plots. The advantages of the simultaneous excitation of resonant transducers on one chip are discussed and compared with broadband acoustic emission transducers.
Kim, Sang-Koog; Yoo, Myoung-Woo; Lee, Jehyun; Lee, Ha-Youn; Lee, Jae-Hyeok; Gaididei, Yuri; Kravchuk, Volodymyr P; Sheka, Denis D
2015-01-01
We found resonantly excited precession motions of a three-dimensional vortex core in soft magnetic nanospheres and controllable precession frequency with the sphere diameter 2R, as studied by micromagnetic numerical and analytical calculations. The precession angular frequency for an applied static field HDC is given as ωMV = γeffHDC, where γeff = γ〈mΓ〉 is the effective gyromagnetic ratio in collective vortex dynamics, with the gyromagnetic ratio γ and the average magnetization component 〈mΓ〉 of the ground-state vortex in the core direction. Fitting to the micromagnetic simulation data for 〈mΓ〉 yields a simple explicit form of 〈mΓ〉 ≈ (73.6 ± 3.4)(lex/2R)(2.20±0.14), where lex is the exchange length of a given material. This dynamic behavior might serve as a foundation for potential bio-applications of size-specific resonant excitation of magnetic vortex-state nanoparticles, for example, magnetic particle resonance imaging. PMID:26079895
Pressure Dependence of Excitation Cross Sections for Resonant Levels of Rare Gases
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Stewart, Michael D.; Chilton, J. Ethan; Lin, Chun C.
2000-06-01
In the rare gases, the excited n'p^5ns and n'p^5nd levels with J = 1 are optically coupled to ground as well as lower lying p levels. Resonant photons emitted when the atom decays to ground can be reabsorbed by another ground-state atom. At low gas pressures this reabsorption occurs infrequently, but at higher pressures becomes increasingly likely until the resonant transition is completely suppressed. This enhances the cascade transitions into lower p levels, resulting in pressure dependent optical emission cross sections. This reabsorption process can be understood quantitatively with a model developed by Heddle et al(D. W. O. Heddle and N. J. Samuel, J. Phys. B 3), 1593 (1970).. The radiation from transitions into the nonresonant levels often lie in the ir, while the resonant radiation is always in the uv spectral region. Using a Fourier-transform spectrometer, one can measure the cross sections for the ir transitions as a function of pressure. The Heddle model can be fit to these data with the use of theoretical values for the Einstein A coefficients. This provides a test of the accuracy of calculated A values. Discussion will include cross section measurements for Ne, Ar, and Kr excited by electron impact over a range of gas pressures.
Fluctuation Reduction in a Si Micromechanical Resonator Tuned to Nonlinear Internal Resonance
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Strachan, B. Scott; Czaplewski, David; Chen, Changyao; Dykman, Mark; Lopez, Daniel; Shaw, Steven
2015-03-01
We describe experimental and theoretical results on an unusual behavior of fluctuations when the system exhibits internal resonance. We study the fundamental flexural mode (FFM) of a Si microbeam. The FFM is electrically actuated and detected. It is resonantly nonlinearly coupled to another mode, which is not directly accessible and has a frequency nearly three times the FFM frequency. Both the FFM and the passive mode have long lifetimes. We find that the passive mode can be a ``sink'' for fluctuations of the FFM. This explains the recently observed dramatic decrease of these fluctuations at nonlinear resonance. The re-distribution of the vibration amplitudes and the fluctuations is reminiscent of what happens at level anti-crossing in quantum mechanics. However, here it is different because of interplay of the dependence of the vibration frequency of the FFM on its amplitude due to internal nonlinearity and the nonlinear resonance with the passive mode. We study both the response of the system to external resonant driving and also the behavior of the system in the presence of a feedback loop. The experimental and theoretical results are in good agreement.
Onset of quenching of the giant dipole resonance at high excitation energies
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Santonocito, D.; Blumenfeld, Y.; Agodi, C.; Alba, R.; Bellia, G.; Coniglione, R.; Delaunay, F.; Del Zoppo, A.; Finocchiaro, P.; Hongmei, F.; Lima, V.; Maiolino, C.; Migneco, E.; Piattelli, P.; Sapienza, P.; Scarpaci, J. A.; Wieland, O.
2014-11-01
The evolution of the giant dipole resonance (GDR) properties in nuclei of mass A =120 to 132 has been investigated in an excitation energy range between 150 and 270 MeV through the study of complete and nearly complete fusion reactions using 116Sn beams at 17 A and 23 A MeV from the cyclotron of the Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud impinging on 12C and 24Mg targets. γ rays and light charged particles were detected using the multi-element detector array MEDEA in coincidence with evaporation residues detected by using mass and charge identification spectrometry with telescope (MACISTE). Light-charged-particle energy spectra were analyzed within the framework of a multiple-source-emission scenario by using a fitting procedure to determine the amount of pre-equilibrium emission and deduce the excitation energies reached in the compound nuclei. A detailed analysis of the γ -ray spectra and their comparison with statistical model calculations is presented. Evidence of a quenching of the GDR gamma yield was found at 270 MeV excitation energy. The quenching effect becomes progressively more important with increasing excitation energy, as observed when the comparison is extended to data from the reaction 36Ar+96Mo at 37 A MeV where hot nuclei were populated up to 430 MeV excitation energy. A coherent scenario emerges indicating the existence of a limiting excitation energy for the collective motion of about E*/A =2.1 MeV for systems of mass A =105 to 111 while a slightly lower value was observed for nuclei of mass A ˜132 . The existence of a possible link between GDR disappearance and the liquid-gas phase transition is discussed.
Dissociation of internally excited UF 6- ions in collision with argon atoms
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Stockdale, J. A. D.
1987-06-01
Uranium hexafluoride negative ions (UF 6-) of controlled average internal and kinetic energy were collided with argon. A qualitative change was observed in the dependence of ionic fragmentation on internal excitation prior to collision, as the laboratory collision energy was increased above 150 eV.
Weiler, M.; Bartl, K.; Gerhards, M.
2012-03-21
Molecular beam investigations in combination with IR/UV spectroscopy offer the possibility to obtain structural information on isolated molecules and clusters. One of the demanding tasks is the discrimination of different isomers, e.g., by the use of isomer specific UV excitations. If this discrimination fails due to overlaying UV spectra of different isomers, IR/IR methods offer another possibility. Here, we present a new IR/UV/IR/UV quadruple resonance technique to distinguish between different isomers especially in the electronically excited state. Due to the IR spectra, structural changes and photochemical pathways in excited states can be assigned and identified. The method is applied to the dihydrated cluster of 3-hydroxyflavone which has been investigated as photochemically relevant system and proton wire model in the S{sub 1} state. By applying the new IR/UV/IR/UV technique, we are able to show experimentally that both in the electronic ground (S{sub 0}) and the electronically excited state (S{sub 1}) two isomers have to be assigned.
Triple-resonance autoionization of uranium optimized for diode laser excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bushaw, Bruce A.; Raeder, Sebastian; Ziegler, Summer L.; Wendt, Klaus
2007-05-01
The photoionization of uranium via three-step excitation has been optimized for isotope selective trace analysis. A search found 13 new J = 6, 7, and 8 odd-parity states in the 36,850-37,200 cm - 1 region that allow blue-red-red three-photon excitation at wavelengths favorable for commercial diode laser systems. From each of these 13 states, near-threshold autoionization spectra were recorded at a resolution of 3 × 10 - 4 cm - 1 . Some 30 even-parity autoionizing levels with J = 5 to 9 have also been observed and characterized. Comparison of the spectra allows J assignment for the new intermediate levels as well as selection of an optimized path for trace analysis. We show that, for a chosen scheme using a narrow J = 9 autoionizing resonance at 49,972 cm - 1 , all of the excitation steps can be saturated with powers available from single-mode cw diode laser systems when exciting an atomic beam in perpendicular geometry.
Triple-Resonance Autoionization of Uranium Optimized for Diode Laser Excitation
Bushaw, Bruce A; Raeder, Sebastian; Ziegler, Summer L; Wendt, Klaus
2007-05-01
The photoionization of uranium via three-step excitation has been optimized for isotope selective trace analysis. A search found 13 new J = 6, 7, and 8 odd-parity states in the 36850-37200 cm^{-1} region that allow blue-red-red three-photon excitation at wavelengths favorable for commercial diode laser systems. From each of these 13 states, near threshold autoionization spectra were recorded at a resolution of 3 x 10^{-4} cm^{-1}. Some 30 even-parity autoionizing levels with J = 5 to 9 have also been observed and characterized. Comparison of the spectra allows J assignment for the new intermediate levels as well as selection of an optimized path for trace analysis. We show that, for a chosen scheme using a narrow J = 9 autoionizing resonance at 49972 cm^{-1}, all of the excitation steps can be saturated with powers available from single-mode cw diode laser systems when exciting an atomic beam in perpendicular geometry.
Ye, ChuanXiang; Zhao, Yi E-mail: liangwz@xmu.edu.cn; Liang, WanZhen E-mail: liangwz@xmu.edu.cn
2015-10-21
The time-dependent correlation function approach for the calculations of absorption and resonance Raman spectra (RRS) of organic molecules absorbed on semiconductor surfaces [Y. Zhao and W. Z. Liang, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 044108 (2011)] is extended to include the contribution of the intermolecular charge transfer (CT) excitation from the absorbers to the semiconducting nanoparticles. The results demonstrate that the bidirectionally interfacial CT significantly modifies the spectral line shapes. Although the intermolecular CT excitation makes the absorption spectra red shift slightly, it essentially changes the relative intensities of mode-specific RRS and causes the oscillation behavior of surface enhanced Raman spectra with respect to interfacial electronic couplings. Furthermore, the constructive and destructive interferences of RRS from the localized molecular excitation and CT excitation are observed with respect to the electronic coupling and the bottom position of conductor band. The interferences are determined by both excitation pathways and bidirectionally interfacial CT.
Multi-Channel Hyperspectral Fluorescence Detection Excited by Coupled Plasmon-Waveguide Resonance
Du, Chan; Liu, Le; Zhang, Lin; Guo, Jun; Guo, Jihua; Ma, Hui; He, Yonghong
2013-01-01
We propose in this paper a biosensor scheme based on coupled plasmon-waveguide resonance (CPWR) excited fluorescence spectroscopy. A symmetrical structure that offers higher surface electric field strengths, longer surface propagation lengths and depths is developed to support guided waveguide modes for the efficient excitation of fluorescence. The optimal parameters for the sensor films are theoretically and experimentally investigated, leading to a detection limit of 0.1 nM (for a Cy5 solution). Multiplex analysis possible with the fluorescence detection is further advanced by employing the hyperspectral fluorescence technique to record the full spectra for every pixel on the sample plane. We demonstrate experimentally that highly overlapping fluorescence (Cy5 and Dylight680) can be distinguished and ratios of different emission sources can be determined accurately. This biosensor shows great potential for multiplex detections of fluorescence analytes. PMID:24129023
Resonance Excitation of Longitudinal High Order Modes in Project X Linac
Khabiboulline, T.N.; Sukhanov, A.AUTHOR = Awida, M.; Gonin, I.; Lunin, A.AUTHOR = Solyak, N.; Yakovlev, V.; /Fermilab
2012-05-01
Results of simulation of power loss due to excitation of longitudinal high order modes (HOMs) in the accelerating superconducting RF system of CW linac of Project X are presented. Beam structures corresponding to the various modes of Project X operation are considered: CW regime for 3 GeV physics program; pulsed mode for neutrino experiments; and pulsed regime, when Project X linac operates as a driver for Neutrino Factory/Muon Collider. Power loss and associated heat load due to resonance excitation of longitudinal HOMs are shown to be small in all modes of operation. Conclusion is made that HOM couplers can be removed from the design of superconducting RF cavities of Project X linac.
3D Analysis of Wake Field Excitation in a Dielectric Loaded Rectangular Resonator
Sotnikov, Gennadij V.; Onishchenko, Ivan N.; Marshall, Thomas C.
2006-11-27
The results of a three-dimensional analysis of wake field excitation in a slab-symmetric dielectric-loaded resonator by rigid electron bunches are presented. The complete set of solutions, including the solenoidal and potential parts of the electromagnetic field, consists of LSM and LSE modes. Each of the LSM and LSE modes contains odd and even waves. A numerical analysis of wake field excitation by symmetric electron bunches is carried out. The three-dimensional spatial structure of the longitudinal electric field is investigated. The influence of the drift vacuum channel on the wake field amplitude and on the coherent summation of wakefields for a regular sequence of bunches is studied.
Far-infrared laser magnetic resonance of vibrationally excited CD2
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Evenson, K. M.; Sears, T. J.; Mckellar, A. R. W.
1984-01-01
The detection of 13 rotational transitions in the first excited bending state (010) of CD2 using the technique of far-infrared laser magnetic resonance spectroscopy is reported. Molecular parameters for this state are determined from these new data together with existing infrared observations of the v(2) band. Additional information on the ground vibrational state (000) is also provided by the observation of a new rotational transition, and this is combined with existing data to provide a refined set of molecular parameters for the CD2 ground state. One spectrum has been observed that is assigned as a rotational transition within the first excited symmetric stretching state (100) of CD2. These data will be of use in refining the structure and the potential function of the methylene radical.
Resonant excitation of the magnetosphere by stochastic and unsteady hydromagnetic waves
Mazur, V. A.
2011-05-15
The effect of the magnetospheric MHD cavity on the excitation of the magnetosphere by stochastic and unsteady hydromagnetic waves incident from the solar wind is investigated theoretically by using a one-dimensional nonuniform model of the medium. It is shown that most of the energy of stochastic waves is reflected from the magnetopause and that the only waves that penetrate into the magnetosphere are those with frequencies in narrow spectral ranges near the eigenfrequencies of the cavity. These waves lead to steadystate excitation of the eigenmodes of the cavity, the energy of which is determined by the spectral density of the energy flux of the incident waves at the corresponding eigenfrequencies. The energy of the eigenmodes penetrates through the opacity barrier in the vicinity of the Alfven resonance points (each corresponding to a particular mode), where the perturbation amplitude is sharply amplified, so the total energy localized close to the Alfven resonance point is much higher than the total energy of the corresponding eigenmode. In the vicinities, the perturbation energy is dissipated by the finite conductivity of the ionosphere, the dissipation power being equal to the energy flux of the incident waves that penetrates into the magnetosphere. The case of unsteady waves is analyzed by considering a wave pulse as an example. It is shown that most of the energy of the wave pulse is reflected from the magnetopause. The portion of the incident perturbation that penetrates into the magnetosphere leads to unsteady excitation of the eigenmodes of the magnetospheric cavity, which are then slowly damped because part of the energy of the cavity is emitted through the magnetopause back to the solar wind while the other part penetrates into the vicinities of the Alfven resonance points. In the vicinities, the perturbation is an Alfven wave standing between magnetically conjugate ionospheres and its energy is dissipated by the finite conductivity of the ionosphere at
Excitation of giant monopole resonance in {sup 24}Mg using {sup 6}Li scattering
Dennert, H.; Aschenauer, E.; Eyrich, W.; Lehmann, A.; Moosburger, M.; Scholz, N.; Wirth, H.; Gils, H.J.; Rebel, H.; Zagromski, S.
1995-12-01
The isoscalar giant monopole resonance in the nucleus {sup 24}Mg was investigated by inelastic {sup 6}Li scattering at {ital E}{sub Li}=156 MeV. At extreme forward angles fragmented {ital E}0 strength was observed up to {ital E}{sub {ital x}}=23 MeV. The extracted strength centered at 18.3{plus_minus}0.5 MeV excitation energy with a width of {Gamma}=4.8{plus_minus}0.5 MeV corresponds to 97.3%{plus_minus}15% of the {ital E}0 energy weighted sum rule.
Coherent effects in the incoherent channel of resonant radiation scattering from excited atoms
Veklenko, B. A.
2011-05-15
Scattering of a resonance electromagnetic field from excited atoms cannot be described by the semiclassical theory of radiation operating with nonquantized electromagnetic fields. Field quantization effects are manifested in this case on the macroscopic level and lead to evolution of statistical properties of radiation in the course of scattering. It is found that a combined process coupling elastic scattering from an atom and induced emission from the same atom, which cannot be studied by the methods of the standard perturbation theory, plays a significant role in this effect. The process of combined scattering in extended media exhibits coherent properties that cannot be described by the standard refractive index.
Tulupov, B. A.; Urin, M. H.
2012-09-15
A semimicroscopic approach based on the continuum version of the random-phase approximation (CRPA) and on a semiphenomenological inclusion of the fragmentation effect is applied to describing cross sections for photoabsorption and direct plus semidirect and inverse reactions accompanied by the excitation of isovector giant dipole and quadrupole resonances. In addition to the spinless part of the Landau-Migdal interaction and a partly self-consistent phenomenological mean field of the nucleus, that version of the approach which is used here takes into account isovector separable velocity-dependent forces, as well as the effect of the fragmentation shift of the giant-resonance energy. The results obtained by calculating various features of the aforementioned cross sections for a number of magic and semimagic medium-mass nuclei are compared with respective experimental data.
Jiang, Naibo; Halls, Benjamin R; Stauffer, Hans U; Danehy, Paul M; Gord, James R; Roy, Sukesh
2016-05-15
Selective two-photon absorptive resonance femtosecond-laser electronic-excitation tagging (STARFLEET), a nonseeded ultrafast-laser-based velocimetry technique, is demonstrated in reactive and nonreactive flows. STARFLEET is pumped via a two-photon resonance in N_{2} using 202.25 nm 100 fs light. STARFLEET greatly reduces the per-pulse energy required (30 μJ/pulse) to generate the signature FLEET emission compared to the conventional FLEET technique (1.1 mJ/pulse). This reduction in laser energy results in less energy deposited in the flow, which allows for reduced flow perturbations (reactive and nonreactive), increased thermometric accuracy, and less severe damage to materials. Velocity measurements conducted in a free jet of N_{2} and in a premixed flame show good agreement with theoretical velocities, and further demonstrate the significantly less intrusive nature of STARFLEET. PMID:27176968
Biological sensor based on a lateral electric field-excited resonator.
Zaitsev, Boris D; Kuznetsova, Iren E; Shikhabudinov, Alexander M; Ignatov, Oleg V; Guliy, Olga I
2012-05-01
This paper describes a biological sensor based on a lateral electric field-excited resonator using an X-cut lithium niobate plate. Its potential was shown through the example of biological interaction between bacterial cells and specific bacteriophages. The detection was based on the analysis of the measured real and imaginary parts of electrical impedance for a resonator loaded by the biological suspension under study. It has been shown that the sensor is sensitive to specific interactions between bacterial cells and specific bacteriophages in a pure state as well as in the presence of extraneous microflora. The degree of electrical impedance variation resulting from the biological interaction depends on the numbers of phage particles and bacteria cells. The sensor may be used not only for the qualitative analysis of bacteria but also for their quantitative detection. PMID:22622981
Microsystem light source at 488 nm for shifted excitation resonance Raman difference spectroscopy.
Maiwald, Martin; Schmidt, Heinar; Sumpf, Bernd; Güther, Reiner; Erbert, Götz; Kronfeldt, Heinz-Detlef; Tränkle, Günther
2009-11-01
A microsystem light source emitting at 488 nm was tested and applied as a light source for shifted excitation resonance Raman difference spectroscopy (SERRDS). A nonlinear frequency conversion using a distributed feedback (DFB) diode laser emission at 976 nm and a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide crystal was realized on a micro-optical bench with a footprint of 25 mm x 5 mm. Joint temperature management via the microbench is used for wavelength tuning. Two emission lines at 487.61 nm and 487.91 nm are used for the SERRDS experiments. The Raman spectra of the test sample polystyrene demonstrate that a laser bandpass filter did not need to be implemented. Resonance Raman spectra of Tartrazine (FD&C Yellow 5, E 102) in distilled water are presented to demonstrate the suitability of this light source for SERRDS in, e.g., food safety control. PMID:19891837
Double Fano resonances excited in a compact structure by introducing a defect
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Qin, Meng; Zhai, Xiang; Wang, Lingling; Li, Hongju; Xia, Shengxuan; Lin, Qi; Zhang, Binghua
2016-06-01
In this letter, the plasmonic system composed of a defective silver nanostrip and a complete silver nanostrip is theoretically investigated to achieve two Fano resonances. A quadrupole mode cannot be directly excited on a complete nanostrip, while it can be fulfilled by introducing the defect. This defective silver nanostrip supports both of the superradiant dipole and quadrupole modes, which produce bright-dark coupling and detuning modes mechanisms and further result in two asymmetric Fano dips in the transmission spectrum. Moreover, the Fano resonance characteristics in the two nanostrips can be tuned by modulating the gap distance between the two nanostrips, the parameters of the defect, and the electric-field polarization angle. Our structure may have potential applications for nanosensor in highly integrated circuits.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lieberman, M. A.; Lichtenberg, A. J.; Kawamura, Emi; Marakhtanov, A. M.
2015-09-01
It is well known that standing waves having radially center-high rf voltage profiles exist in high frequency capacitive discharges. It is also known that in radially uniform discharges, the capacitive sheath nonlinearities excite strong nonlinear series resonance harmonics that enhance the electron power deposition. In this work, we consider the coupling of the series resonance-enhanced harmonics to the standing waves. A one-dimensional, asymmetric radial transmission line model is developed incorporating the wave and nonlinear sheath physics and a self-consistent dc potential. The resulting coupled pde equation set is solved numerically to determine the discharge voltages and currents. A 10 mT argon base case is chosen with plasma density 2 ×1016 m-3, gap width 2 cm and conducting electrode radius 15 cm, driven by a high frequency 500 V source with source resistance 0.5 ohms. We find that nearby resonances lead to an enhanced ratio of 4.5 of the electron power per unit area on axis, compared to the average. The radial dependence of electron power with frequency shows significant variations, with the central enhancement and sharpness of the spatial resonances depending in a complicated way on the harmonic structure. Work supported by DOE Fusion Energy Science Contract DE-SC000193 and by a gift from the Lam Research Corporation.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Plyasov, A. A.; Surkov, V. V.; Pilipenko, V. A.; Fedorov, E. N.; Ignatov, V. N.
2012-09-01
We have theoretically estimated ULF spectra on the ground and at ionospheric altitudes in the frequency range of the ionospheric Alfvén resonator (IAR). The IAR has been considered to be excited either by a separate lightning stroke or stochastic global thunderstorm activity. The spectra of both horizontal magnetic and electric components are shown to reveal the spectral resonant structure in the upper ionosphere. The IAR excitation for different ionospheric conditions has been compared. The IAR eigenfrequencies latitudinal inhomogeneity results in the smoothing and shift of the spectral resonance structure. The feasibility of the IAR signature detection by low-orbiting satellites with magnetic or electric sensors is discussed.
Low-energy d-d excitations in MnO studied by resonant x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
Butorin, S.M.; Guo, J.; Magnuson, M.
1997-04-01
Resonant soft X-ray emission spectroscopy has been demonstrated to possess interesting abilities for studies of electronic structure in various systems, such as symmetry probing, alignment and polarization dependence, sensitivity to channel interference, etc. In the present abstract the authors focus on the feasibility of resonant soft X-ray emission to probe low energy excitations by means of resonant electronic X-ray Raman scattering. Resonant X-ray emission can be regarded as an inelastic scattering process where a system in the ground state is transferred to a low excited state via a virtual core excitation. The energy closeness to a core excitation of the exciting radiation enhances the (generally) low probability for inelastic scattering at these wavelengths. Therefore soft X-ray emission spectroscopy (in resonant electronic Raman mode) can be used to study low energy d-d excitations in transition metal systems. The involvement of the intermediate core state allows one to use the selection rules of X-ray emission, and the appearance of the elastically scattered line in the spectra provides the reference to the ground state.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fazlali, Masoumeh; Dvornik, Mykola; Iacocca, Ezio; Dürrenfeld, Philipp; Haidar, Mohammad; Åkerman, Johan; Dumas, Randy K.
2016-04-01
This work provides a detailed investigation of the measured in-plane field-swept homodyne-detected ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spectra of an extended Co/Cu/NiFe pseudo-spin-valve stack using a nanocontact (NC) geometry. The magnetodynamics are generated by a pulse-modulated microwave current, and the resulting rectified dc mixing voltage, which appears across the NC at resonance, is detected using a lock-in amplifier. Most notably, we find that the measured spectra of the NiFe layer are composite in nature and highly asymmetric, consistent with the broadband excitation of multiple modes. Additionally, the data must be fit with two Lorentzian functions in order to extract a reasonable value for the Gilbert damping of the NiFe. Aided by micromagnetic simulations, we conclude that (i) for in-plane fields the rf Oersted field in the vicinity of the NC plays the dominant role in generating the observed spectra, (ii) in addition to the FMR mode, exchange-dominated spin waves are also generated, and (iii) the NC diameter sets the mean wave vector of the exchange-dominated spin wave, in good agreement with the dispersion relation.
Isoscalar monopole and dipole excitations of cluster states and giant resonances in 12C
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko
2016-05-01
The isoscalar monopole (ISM) and dipole (ISD) excitations in 12C are investigated theoretically with the shifted antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD) plus 3 α -cluster generator coordinate method (GCM). The small-amplitude vibration modes are described by coherent one-particle one-hole excitations expressed by a small shift of single-nucleon Gaussian wave functions within the AMD framework, whereas the large-amplitude cluster modes are incorporated by superposing 3 α -cluster wave functions in the GCM. The coupling of the excitations in the intrinsic frame with the rotation and parity transformation is taken into account microscopically by the angular-momentum and parity projections. The present a calculation that describes the ISM and ISD excitations over a wide energy region covering cluster modes in the low-energy region and the giant resonances in the high-energy region, although the quantitative description of the high-energy part is not satisfactory. The low-energy ISM and ISD strengths of the cluster modes are enhanced by the distance motion between α clusters, and they split into a couple of states because of the angular motion of α clusters. The low-energy ISM strengths exhaust 26% of the energy-weighted sum rule, which is consistent with the experimental data for the 12C(02+; 7.65 MeV) and 12C(03+; 10.3 MeV) measured by (e ,e') ,(α ,α') , and (6Li,6Li' ) scatterings. In the calculated low-energy ISD strengths, two 1- states (the 11- and 12- states) with the significant strengths are obtained over E =10 -15 MeV. The results indicate that the ISD excitations can be a good probe to experimentally search for new cluster states such as the 12C(12-) obtained in the present calculation.
Multistable internal resonance in electroelastic crystals with nonlinearly coupled modes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kirkendall, Christopher R.; Kwon, Jae W.
2016-03-01
Nonlinear modal interactions have recently become the focus of intense research in micro- and nanoscale resonators for their use to improve oscillator performance and probe the frontiers of fundamental physics. However, our understanding of modal coupling is largely restricted to clamped-clamped beams, and lacking in systems with both geometric and material nonlinearities. Here we report multistable energy transfer between internally resonant modes of an electroelastic crystal plate and use a mixed analytical-numerical approach to provide new insight into these complex interactions. Our results reveal a rich bifurcation structure marked by nested regions of multistability. Even the simple case of two coupled modes generates a host of topologically distinct dynamics over the parameter space, ranging from the usual Duffing bistability to complex multistable behaviour and quasiperiodic motion.
Multistable internal resonance in electroelastic crystals with nonlinearly coupled modes
Kirkendall, Christopher R.; Kwon, Jae W.
2016-01-01
Nonlinear modal interactions have recently become the focus of intense research in micro- and nanoscale resonators for their use to improve oscillator performance and probe the frontiers of fundamental physics. However, our understanding of modal coupling is largely restricted to clamped-clamped beams, and lacking in systems with both geometric and material nonlinearities. Here we report multistable energy transfer between internally resonant modes of an electroelastic crystal plate and use a mixed analytical-numerical approach to provide new insight into these complex interactions. Our results reveal a rich bifurcation structure marked by nested regions of multistability. Even the simple case of two coupled modes generates a host of topologically distinct dynamics over the parameter space, ranging from the usual Duffing bistability to complex multistable behaviour and quasiperiodic motion. PMID:26961749
Interatomic Coulombic decay following resonant core excitation of Ar in argon dimer
Miteva, T.; Chiang, Y.-C.; Kuleff, A. I.; Gokhberg, K. Cederbaum, L. S.; Kolorenč, P.
2014-08-14
A scheme utilizing excitation of core electrons followed by the resonant-Auger – interatomic Coulombic decay (RA-ICD) cascade was recently proposed as a means of controlling the generation site and energies of slow ICD electrons. This control mechanism was verified in a series of experiments in rare gas dimers. In this article, we present fully ab initio computed ICD electron and kinetic energy release spectra produced following 2p{sub 3/2} → 4s, 2p{sub 1/2} → 4s, and 2p{sub 3/2} → 3d core excitations of Ar in Ar{sub 2}. We demonstrate that the manifold of ICD states populated in the resonant Auger process comprises two groups. One consists of lower energy ionization satellites characterized by fast interatomic decay, while the other consists of slow decaying higher energy ionization satellites. We show that accurate description of nuclear dynamics in the latter ICD states is crucial for obtaining theoretical electron and kinetic energy release spectra in good agreement with the experiment.
Excitation of solitons by an external resonant wave with a slowly varying phase velocity
Aranson, I.; Meerson, B. . Racah Inst. of Physics); Tajima, Toshiki )
1992-02-01
A novel mechanism is proposed for the excitation of solitons in nonlinear dispersive media. The mechanism employs an external pumping wave with a varying phase velocity, which provides a continuous resonant excitation of a nonlinear wave in the medium. Two different schemes of a continuous resonant growth (continuous phase-locking) of the induced nonlinear wave are suggested. The first of them requires a definite time dependence of the pumping wave phase velocity and is relatively sensitive to the initial wave phase. The second employs the dynamic autoresonance effect and is insensitive to the exact time dependence of the pumping wave phase velocity. It is demonstrated analytically and numerically, for a particular example of a driven Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation with periodic boundary conditions, that as the nonlinear wave grows, it transforms into a soliton, which continues growing and accelerating adiabatically. A fully nonlinear perturbation theory is developed for the driven KdV equation to follow the growing wave into the strongly nonlinear regime and describe the soliton formation.
Ionospheric Alfvén resonator excitation due to nearby thunderstorms
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Surkov, V. V.; Hayakawa, M.; Schekotov, A. Y.; Fedorov, E. N.; Molchanov, O. A.
2006-01-01
A theory of midlatitude Ionospheric Alfvén Resonator (IAR) excitation due to random cloud-to-ground lightning discharges is developed. Electromagnetic wave radiated from the lightning discharges penetrates into the ionosphere, thereby exciting the shear Alfvén and magnetosonic waves in the F region of ionosphere. The IAR arises due to wave reflection from the Alfvén velocity gradients in the topside ionosphere. Typically, the ionospheric resonance cavity accumulates the shear Alfvén wave energy with periods from 1 s to a few tenths of seconds. To proceed analytically, a suitably idealized plane-stratified model of the medium was used that ignores the magnetic field line curvature and dip angle but includes plasma conductivity variations with altitude. The thunderstorm centers distributed around a ground-recording station is assumed to be statistically independent sources of the lightning activity, which is a stochastic Poisson process. The lightning onset time and the current moment is supposed to be a random value, while the shape and duration of return strokes are deterministic. Model calculations of the IAR spectrum due to nearby thunderstorm activity were applied to interpret ULF observation made at Karimshino station (52.94°N, 158.25°E) in Kamchatka peninsula. It is shown that the sharp impulses which are in one-to-one correspondence with the appearance of the spectral resonance structure (SRS) in dynamic spectrograms can be the result from nearby lightning discharges followed by impulse IAR excitation. The correlation functions and power spectra of the IAR due to random lightning discharge process is studied both analytically and numerically. We found that the nearby thunderstorms in the range of 1000-2000 km make a main contribution to the SRS signature of the midlatitude IAR, whereas the remote/tropic thunderstorm activity is of minor importance. It is not inconceivable that there may exist other permanent mechanisms of the midlatitude IAR excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Flovik, Vegard; Pettersen, Bjørn Holst; Wahlström, Erik
2016-04-01
We investigate how controlling induced eddy currents in thin film ferromagnet-normal metal (FM/NM) structures can be used to tailor the local microwave (MW) fields in ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) experiments. The MW fields produced by eddy currents will in general have a relative phase shift with respect to the applied MW field which depends on the sample geometry. The induced fields can thus partially compensate the applied MW field, effectively screening the FM in selected parts of the sample. The highly localized fields produced by eddy currents enable the excitation of spin wave modes with non-zero wave vectors ( k ≠ 0 ), in contrast to the uniform k = 0 mode normally excited in FMR experiments. We find that the orientation of the applied MW field is one of the key parameters controlling the eddy-current effects. The induced currents are maximized when the applied MW field is oriented perpendicular to the sample plane. Increasing the magnitude of the eddy currents results in a stronger induced MW field, enabling a more effective screening of the applied MW field as well as an enhanced excitation of spin wave modes. This investigation underlines that eddy currents can be used to control the magnitude and phase of the local MW fields in thin film structures.
Dissociation dynamics of simple chlorine containing molecules upon resonant Cl K-σ* excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bohinc, R.; Žitnik, M.; Bučar, K.; Kavčič, M.
2014-04-01
A theoretical analysis of dissociation dynamics of chlorine K-σ* core-excited molecules is performed. The potential energy surfaces of HCl, Cl2, CH3Cl, CH2Cl2, CHCl3, CCl4, CFCl3, CF2Cl2, and CF3Cl are calculated along the normal vibrational modes of the ground electronic state yielding the widths of the corresponding Franck-Condon distributions. An insight into the potential energy surface of 1st σ* resonances shows that the initial dissociation dynamics of chloro(fluoro)methanes mainly involves the distancing of the carbon and the core-excited chlorine atom and is practically independent of other atoms in the molecule, which is in agreement with the recent experimental findings. The carbon atom pulls out the remaining three atoms shortly after piercing the three-atom plane resulting in a high vibrationally excited state of the fragment if the reconnection time is smaller than the lifetime of the L shell.
Endoergic and resonant charge transfer excitation in He-Cu discharge
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mezei, P.; Rózsa, K.; Jánossy, M.; Apai, P.
1987-09-01
The intensity of Cu-II lines with upper level energies near and above those of the He ion was measured as a function of He pressure in a Cu hollow cathode tube. In this tube at low pressures the negative glow could expand above the cathode. The maximum intensity of the Cu-II 493.1 nm line was found in the low voltage, high pressure hollow cathode discharge region in accordance with a resonant charge transfer excitation process. Enhancement of the intensity of the Cu-II 436.5 nm and 417.9 nm lines was observed in the cathode glow at low pressures. Excitation of these lines is attributed to endoergic charge transfer collisions between He ions accelerated by the 2 kV tube voltage and ground state Cu atoms. The cross-section for this reaction exciting the 436.5 nm line was estimated to be of the order of 10-17 cm2.
Dissociation dynamics of simple chlorine containing molecules upon resonant Cl K-σ{sup *} excitation
Bohinc, R. Bučar, K.; Kavčič, M.; Žitnik, M.
2014-04-28
A theoretical analysis of dissociation dynamics of chlorine K-σ{sup *} core-excited molecules is performed. The potential energy surfaces of HCl, Cl{sub 2}, CH{sub 3}Cl, CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2}, CHCl{sub 3}, CCl{sub 4}, CFCl{sub 3}, CF{sub 2}Cl{sub 2}, and CF{sub 3}Cl are calculated along the normal vibrational modes of the ground electronic state yielding the widths of the corresponding Franck-Condon distributions. An insight into the potential energy surface of 1st σ{sup *} resonances shows that the initial dissociation dynamics of chloro(fluoro)methanes mainly involves the distancing of the carbon and the core-excited chlorine atom and is practically independent of other atoms in the molecule, which is in agreement with the recent experimental findings. The carbon atom pulls out the remaining three atoms shortly after piercing the three-atom plane resulting in a high vibrationally excited state of the fragment if the reconnection time is smaller than the lifetime of the L shell.
A Study of Resonant Excitation of Longitudinal HOMs in the Cryomodules of LCLS-II
Bane, Karl
2015-09-23
The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC, the world’s first hard X-ray FEL, is being upgraded to the LCLS-II. The major new feature will be the installation of 35 cryomodules (CMs) of TESLA-type, superconducting accelerating structures, to allow for high rep-rate operation. It is envisioned that eventually the LCLS-II will be able to deliver 300 pC, 1 kA pulses of beam at a rate of 1 MHz. At a cavity temperature of 2 K, any heat generated (even on the level of a few watts) is expensive to remove. In the last linac of LCLS-II, L3—where the peak current is highest—the power radiated by the bunches in the CMs is estimated at 13.8 W (charge 300 pC option, rep rate 1 MHz). But this calculation ignores resonances that can be excited between the bunch frequency and higher order mode (HOM) frequencies in the CMs, which in principle can greatly increase this number. In the present work we calculate the multi-bunch wakefields excited in a CM of LCLS-II, in order to estimate the probability of the beam losing a given amount of power. Along theway, we find some interesting properties of the resonant interaction. In detail, we begin this report by finding the wakes experienced by bunches far back in the bunch train. Then we present a complementary approach that calculates the field amplitude excited in steady-state by a train of bunches, and show that the two approaches agree. Next we obtain the properties of the 450 longitudinal HOMs that cover the range 3–5 GHz in the CMs of LCLS-II, where we include the effects of the inter-CM ceramic dampers. At the end we apply our method using these modes.
Sokolov, A V; Matveev, A N; Samokotin, A Yu; Akimov, A V; Sorokin, Vadim N; Kolachevsky, Nikolai N
2009-05-31
The influence of noises of the frequency and phase difference of an exciting bichromatic field on the parameters of coherent population trapping resonances is studied experimentally. When the phase difference fluctuates within a limited interval near its average value with a short correlation time, the resonance contrast decreases proportionally to exp({phi}{sup 2}{sub rms}), where {phi}{sup 2}{sub rms} is the phase dispersion (in rad{sup 2}). In this case, the spectral width of the resonance remains constant. In another limiting case, when the phase noise has a long correlation time, the resonance contour broadens, the area under the contour being invariable. Experiments were performed with the Zeeman sublevels of the ground state of {sup 87}Rb by exciting rubidium vapour in a glass cell at the resonance wavelength of 795 nm. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tsui, Ophelia Kwan Chui
A novel magnetic resonance is observed in Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2O_{8+ delta} single crystals exposed to microwave radiation (26 to 95 GHz) in the presence of a magnetic field. The resonance exhibits unconventional field and temperature dependence. At a fixed temperature below the melting transition of the vortex solid, T_ {m}(B), the resonance frequency decreases with the applied field and displays a power-law dependence, viz. omega~ B^{-mu }. The exponent was found to be 0.8 within 10% across all samples and temperatures studied. However, when the temperature is increased above T_ {m}(B), mu becomes sample dependent and is equal to 0.64 and 1.08 for the two samples studied. At fixed microwave frequencies, the resonance field, B_0 increases exponentially with temperature to a maximum at T_{m }(B) and decreases slowly with temperature above. We attribute the resonance to Josephson plasma oscillations excited along the sample c-axis. The model explains many features of the experiment. Recently, Bulaevskii et al. proposed an explanation for the field dependence of the Josephson plasma frequency. By assuming that disorder in vortex pancakes is caused by strong pinning at low temperatures, the authors obtained the power-law dependence of omega on B, which agrees with the experiment. Rotating the microwave E-field, { bf E}_{rf} relatively to the sample, we find maximum resonance absorption when {bf E}_{rf} has the maximum projection along the sample c-axis, and minimum when there is none. This identification of {bf E}_{rf} parallel to the sample c-axis as the one responsible for the resonance, supports the Josephson plasma hypothesis. The strongest evidence for the Josephson plasma model is obtained by tilting the magnetic field close to alignment with the ab-plane of the crystal. In that case, an unusual re-entrant cusp in B_0 is observed when the tilt angle is in the range -5.5^circ to 5.5^circ. This is consistent with Bulaevskii et al.'s calculation. They propose that pancake
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lieberman, M. A.; Lichtenberg, A. J.; Kawamura, E.; Marakhtanov, A. M.
2015-10-01
It is well-known that standing waves having radially center-high rf voltage profiles exist in high frequency capacitive discharges. It is also known that in radially uniform discharges, the capacitive sheath nonlinearities excite strong nonlinear series resonance harmonics that enhance the electron power deposition. In this work, we consider the coupling of the series resonance-enhanced harmonics to the standing waves. A one-dimensional, asymmetric radial transmission line model is developed incorporating the wave and nonlinear sheath physics and a self-consistent dc potential, for both conducting and insulating electrode surfaces. The resulting coupled pde equation set is solved numerically to determine the discharge voltages and currents. A 10 mTorr argon plasma is chosen with density 2× {{10}16} m-3, gap width 2 cm and conducting electrode radius 15 cm, driven by a 500 V rf source with resistance 0.5 Ω . We examine a set of frequencies from near 30 MHz up to frequencies more than three times as high. For most frequencies, no harmonics correspond exactly with the series or spatial resonances, which is the generic situation. Nevertheless, nearby resonances lead to a significantly enhanced ratio of the electron power per unit area on axis, compared to the average. Nearly similar results are found for insulating electrodes. Strong effects are seen for varying source resistance: high (50 Ω ) resistance damps out most of the harmonic activity, while zero source resistance leads to a non-steady discharge with bias voltage relaxation oscillations. Stronger harmonic effects are seen for an increased radius of 30 cm, as lower harmonics become spatially resonant at lower frequencies. The radial dependence of electron power with frequency showed significant variations, with the central enhancement and sharpness of the spatial resonances depending in a complicated way on the amplitudes of the nearby series resonance current harmonics and the phase relations among
Frederick, B.deB. |
1994-12-01
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic imaging of {sup 23}Na holds promise as a non-invasive method of mapping Na{sup +} distributions, and for differentiating pools of Na{sup +} ions in biological tissues. However, due to NMR relaxation properties of {sup 23}Na in vivo, a large fraction of Na{sup +} is not visible with conventional NMR imaging methods. An alternate imaging method, based on stochastic excitation and oscillating gradients, has been developed which is well adapted to measuring nuclei with short T{sub 2}. Contemporary NMR imaging techniques have dead times of up to several hundred microseconds between excitation and sampling, comparable to the shortest in vivo {sup 23}Na T{sub 2} values, causing significant signal loss. An imaging strategy based on stochastic excitation has been developed which greatly reduces experiment dead time by reducing peak radiofrequency (RF) excitation power and using a novel RF circuit to speed probe recovery. Continuously oscillating gradients are used to eliminate transient eddy currents. Stochastic {sup 1}H and {sup 23}Na spectroscopic imaging experiments have been performed on a small animal system with dead times as low as 25{mu}s, permitting spectroscopic imaging with 100% visibility in vivo. As an additional benefit, the encoding time for a 32x32x32 spectroscopic image is under 30 seconds. The development and analysis of stochastic NMR imaging has been hampered by limitations of the existing phase demodulation reconstruction technique. Three dimensional imaging was impractical due to reconstruction time, and design and analysis of proposed experiments was limited by the mathematical intractability of the reconstruction method. A new reconstruction method for stochastic NMR based on Fourier interpolation has been formulated combining the advantage of a several hundredfold reduction in reconstruction time with a straightforward mathematical form.
Loppnow, G R; Mathies, R A
1988-01-01
Resonance Raman excitation profiles have been measured for the bovine visual pigment rhodopsin using excitation wavelengths ranging from 457.9 to 647.1 nm. A complete Franck-Condon analysis of the absorption spectrum and resonance Raman excitation profiles has been performed using an excited-state, time-dependent wavepacket propagation technique. This has enabled us to determine the change in geometry upon electronic excitation of rhodopsin's 11-cis-retinal protonated Schiff base chromophore along 25 normal coordinates. Intense low-frequency Raman lines are observed at 98, 135, 249, 336, and 461 cm-1 whose intensities provide quantitative, mode-specific information about the excited-state torsional deformations that lead to isomerization. The dominant contribution to the width of the absorption band in rhodopsin results from Franck-Condon progressions in the 1,549 cm-1 ethylenic normal mode. The lack of vibronic structure in the absorption spectrum is shown to be caused by extensive progressions in low-frequency torsional modes and a large homogeneous linewidth (170 cm-1 half-width) together with thermal population of low-frequency modes and inhomogeneous site distribution effects. The resonance Raman cross-sections of rhodopsin are unusually weak because the excited-state wavepacket moves rapidly (approximately 35 fs) and permanently away from the Franck-Condon geometry along skeletal stretching and torsional coordinates. PMID:3416032
Huang, Jingyu; Wang, Wei; Murphy, Catherine J.; Cahill, David G.
2014-01-01
Plasmonic nanostructures are of great current interest as chemical sensors, in vivo imaging agents, and for photothermal therapeutics. We study continuous-wave (cw) and pulsed-laser excitation of aqueous suspensions of Au nanorods as a model system for secondary light emission from plasmonic nanostructures. Resonant secondary emission contributes significantly to the background commonly observed in surface-enhanced Raman scattering and to the light emission generated by pulsed-laser excitation of metallic nanostructures that is often attributed to two-photon luminescence. Spectra collected using cw laser excitation at 488 nm show an enhancement of the broad spectrum of emission at the electromagnetic plasmon resonance of the nanorods. The intensity of anti-Stokes emission collected using cw laser excitation at 785 nm is described by a 300 K thermal distribution of excitations. Excitation by subpicosecond laser pulses at 785 nm broadens and increases the intensity of the anti-Stokes emission in a manner that is consistent with electronic Raman scattering by a high-temperature distribution of electronic excitations predicted by a two-temperature model. Broadening of the pulse duration using an etalon reduces the intensity of anti-Stokes emission in quantitative agreement with the model. Experiments using a pair of subpicosecond optical pulses separated by a variable delay show that the timescale of resonant secondary emission is comparable to the timescale for equilibration of electrons and phonons. PMID:24395798
Huang, Jingyu; Wang, Wei; Murphy, Catherine J; Cahill, David G
2014-01-21
Plasmonic nanostructures are of great current interest as chemical sensors, in vivo imaging agents, and for photothermal therapeutics. We study continuous-wave (cw) and pulsed-laser excitation of aqueous suspensions of Au nanorods as a model system for secondary light emission from plasmonic nanostructures. Resonant secondary emission contributes significantly to the background commonly observed in surface-enhanced Raman scattering and to the light emission generated by pulsed-laser excitation of metallic nanostructures that is often attributed to two-photon luminescence. Spectra collected using cw laser excitation at 488 nm show an enhancement of the broad spectrum of emission at the electromagnetic plasmon resonance of the nanorods. The intensity of anti-Stokes emission collected using cw laser excitation at 785 nm is described by a 300 K thermal distribution of excitations. Excitation by subpicosecond laser pulses at 785 nm broadens and increases the intensity of the anti-Stokes emission in a manner that is consistent with electronic Raman scattering by a high-temperature distribution of electronic excitations predicted by a two-temperature model. Broadening of the pulse duration using an etalon reduces the intensity of anti-Stokes emission in quantitative agreement with the model. Experiments using a pair of subpicosecond optical pulses separated by a variable delay show that the timescale of resonant secondary emission is comparable to the timescale for equilibration of electrons and phonons. PMID:24395798
McCurdy, C.W.; Isaacs, W.A.; Meyer, H.-D.; Rescigno, T.N.
2003-04-01
We report the results of a fully ab initio study of resonant vibrational excitation of CO{sub 2} by electron impact via the 3.8 eV {sup 2}{pi}{sub u} shape resonance. First, we solve the fixed-nuclei, electronic scattering problem using the complex Kohn variational method to produce resonance parameters for both the {sup 2}A{sub 1} and {sup 2}B{sub 1} components of the resonance for a variety of symmetric-stretch geometries and for a range of bending angles. The nuclear dynamics associated with the two components of the resonance are coupled by Renner-Teller coupling. We carry out a two-mode treatment of the nuclear dynamics in a complex local potential model using the complex resonance energy surfaces derived from our calculated fixed-nuclei cross sections with Renner-Teller coupling.
Ultrasonic resonant modes of piezoelectric balloons under internal pressure.
Denham, Lori Vidal; Rice, David A
2012-09-01
Properties of a piezoelectric polymeric angioplasty balloon that may decrease the problems of acute closure and restenosis are evaluated in this study. Polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF), a piezoelectric and pyroelectric polymer, has sufficient strength to serve as a standard angioplasty balloon as well as functioning as an ultrasonic transmitter and/or receiver. These properties enable potential therapeutic applications using ultrasound such as plaque ablation and sonotherapy as well as vulnerable plaque diagnosis using thermography. This study investigates the resonant structure of the PVDF balloon catheter in the frequency range 5-100 kHz. Vibrations of the piezoelectric balloon are modeled using cylindrical shell theory and compared with the observed modal frequencies of PVDF cylinders with and without internal pressure. Modal frequencies are determined by measuring the near-field pressure response of the PVDF cylinders using a high frequency microphone. A rich nodal structure is observed between 5 and 100 kHz with peak relative amplitudes measured between 42 and 45 kHz. Higher order modes for cylinders with 9 μm and 28 μm wall thickness increase in frequency as the internal pressure is increased. Experimental measurements confirm theoretical models that predict both pressure-dependent and pressure-independent resonant frequencies. Frequencies of pressure-dependent modes are calculated within 2.2% of measured values at high pressure. PMID:22978865
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gallet, J.-J.; Bournel, F.; Carniato, S.; Dufour, G.; Rochet, F.; Rangan, S.; Sirotti, F.
2007-01-01
Acetonitrile (CH 3CN) adsorbs on Si(0 0 1)-2 × 1 at room temperature under two forms, a cycloaddition-like adduct (Si-C dbnd N-Si) and a pendent cyano (Si-CH 2-C tbnd N) resulting from the decomposition of the molecule. Resonant Auger spectroscopy has been used to study the excited-state-dependent electron transfer from the N 1s core-excited molecular adsorbate to the silicon substrate, using the core-hole lifetime (˜6 fs) as an internal clock. It is shown that the π C dbnd N ∗ NEXAFS state lies within the silicon bandgap because of a core-excitonic effect. Therefore no charge transfer of the excited electron to the substrate is observed. On the other hand the π C tbnd N ∗ NEXAFS state is placed within the silicon conduction band. Excitation to this orbital leads to valence/Auger spectra in which both resonant and normal Auger contributions are observed. Therefore there is evidence for a charge transfer from the pendent C tbnd N to the silicon surface, on a timescale estimated to tens of femtoseconds.
Sato, Motoki; Adachi, Shunsuke; Suzuki, Toshinori
2016-07-14
Isomerization of tetramethylethylene (TME) following ultrafast internal conversion was investigated using time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy with vacuum-ultraviolet probe pulses. The difference photoelectron spectrum at τ = 15 ps was reasonably well reproduced using a linear combination of static photoelectron spectra of TME and its isomers. The isomers were produced as a consequence of unimolecular reaction of vibrationally hot TME, created by internal conversion from the excited state. PMID:27030934
Dielectronic recombination and resonant transfer excitation processes for helium-like krypton
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hu, Xiao-Li; Qu, Yi-Zhi; Zhang, Song-Bin; Zhang, Yu
2012-10-01
The relativistic configuration interaction method is employed to calculate the dielectronic recombination (DR) cross sections of helium-like krypton via the 1s2lnl' (n = 2, 3, ..., 15) resonances. Then, the resonant transfer excitation (RTE) processes of Kr34+ colliding with H, He, H2, and CHx (x = 0-4) targets are investigated under the impulse approximation. The needed Compton profiles of targets are obtained from the Hartree—Fock wave functions. The RTE cross sections are strongly dependent on DR resonant energies and strengths, and the electron momentum distributions of the target. For H2 and H targets, the ratio of their RTE cross sections changes from 1.85 for the 1s2l2l' to 1.88 for other resonances, which demonstrates the weak molecular effects on the Compton profiles of H2. For CHx (x = 0-4) targets, the main contribution to the RTE cross section comes from the carbon atom since carbon carries 6 electrons; as the number of hydrogen increases in CHx, the RTE cross section almost increases by the same value, displaying the strong separate atom character for the hydrogen. However, further comparison of the individual orbital contributions of C(2p, 2s, 1s) and CH4(1t2, 2a1, 1a1) to the RTE cross sections shows that the molecular effects induce differences of about 25.1%, 19.9%, and 0.2% between 2p-1t2, 2s-2a1, and 1s-1a1 orbitals, respectively.
Impact of low-energy multipole excitations and pygmy resonances on radiative nucleon captures
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tsoneva, N.; Lenske, H.
2016-01-01
Nuclear structure theory is considered in the framework of the development of a microscopic model for nucleon-capture astrophysical implementations. In particular, microscopically obtained strength functions from a theoretical method incorporating density functional theory and quasiparticle-phonon model are used as an input in a statistical reaction model. The approach is applied in systematic investigations of the impact of low-energy multipole excitations and pygmy resonances on dipole photoabsorption and radiative neutronand proton-capture cross sections of key s- and r-process nuclei which is discussed in comparison with the experiment. For the cases of the short-lived isotopes 89Zr and 91Mo theoretical predictions are made.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sáfár, József; Lakosi, László
2014-02-01
In the view of the evidences arising from our experimental and theoretical studies, the long-standing picture of a two-humped excitation function for photoexcitation of isomers cannot be confirmed. Whereas the first maximum (at the photoneutron threshold) of the cross section of nuclear photon scattering can be attributed to inelastic (compound) scattering, the second large peak at about giant dipole resonance is mostly due to the elastic (direct) process. A second large peak or increase reported to appear in isomer production has been shown to be practically vanishing. On realizing such a situation, calculated estimates have been given for saturated integral cross section values for isomer activation, based on photoabsorption cross sections taken from the usual Lorentzian parametrization up to the photoneutron threshold. Results compare reasonably well to available experimental data acquired by gamma-ray spectrometry in a large set of stable nuclides having long-lived isomeric states.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Babaev, A. A.; Pivovarov, Yu L.
2010-04-01
Resonant coherent excitation (RCE) of relativistic hydrogen-like ions is investigated by computer simulations methods. The suggested theoretical model is applied to the simulations of recent experiments on RCE of 390 MeV/u Ar17+ ions under (220) planar channeling in a Si crystal performed by T.Azuma et al at HIMAC (Tokyo). Theoretical results are in a good agreement with these experimental data and clearly show the appearance of the doublet structure of RCE peaks. The simulations are also extended to greater ion energies in order to predict the new RCE features at the future accelerator facility FAIR OSI and as an example, RCE of II GeV/u U91+ ions is considered in detail.
Resonant uv pump-probe spectroscopy of dipicolinic acid via impulsive excitation
Murawski, Robert K.; Rostovtsev, Yuri V.; Sariyanni, Zoe-Elizabeth; Sautenkov, Vladimir A.; Backus, Sterling; Raymondson, Daisy; Kapteyn, Henry C.; Murnane, Margaret M.; Scully, Marlan O.
2008-02-15
We present experimental evidence of coherent wave packet motion in dipicolinic acid (C{sub 7}H{sub 5}NO{sub 4}) which is an important marker molecule for bacterial spores. Resonant impulsive excitation is achieved by applying a uv pump pulse (267 nm, 16 fs) which has a duration that is shorter than the vibrational period of the molecules. The resulting dynamics is then probed with a weaker pulse of the same width and frequency. Evidence of the important 'fingerprint' region for this molecule (between 1000 cm{sup -1} and 1500 cm{sup -1}) is found in the transient absorption of the probe. We present simulations of the pump-probe experiment, based on the Liouville equation for the density matrix, and predict the optimal pulse width and detuning.
Effect of Fermi surface nesting on resonant spin excitations in Ba{<_1-x}K{<_x}Fe{<_2}As{<_2}.
Castellan, J.-P.; Rosenkranz, S.; Goremychkin, E.A.; Chung, D.Y.; Todorov, I.S.; Kanatzidis, M.G.; Eremin, I.; Knolle, J.; Chubukov, A.V.; Maiti, s.; Norman, M.R.; Weber, F.; Claus, H.; Guidi, T.; Bewley, R.I.; Osborn, R.
2011-01-01
We report inelastic neutron scattering measurements of the resonant spin excitations in Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} over a broad range of electron band filling. The fall in the superconducting transition temperature with hole doping coincides with the magnetic excitations splitting into two incommensurate peaks because of the growing mismatch in the hole and electron Fermi surface volumes, as confirmed by a tight-binding model with s{sub {+-}}-symmetry pairing. The reduction in Fermi surface nesting is accompanied by a collapse of the resonance binding energy and its spectral weight, caused by the weakening of electron-electron correlations.
A Resonantly Excited Disk-Oscillation Model of High-Frequency QPOs of Microquasars
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kato, Shoji
2012-12-01
A possible model of twin high-frequency QPOs (HF QPOs) of microquasars is examined. The disk is assumed to have global magnetic fields and to be deformed with a two-armed pattern. In this deformed disk, a set of a two-armed (m = 2) vertical p-mode oscillation and an axisymmetric (m = 0) g-mode oscillation is considered. They resonantly interact through the disk deformation when their frequencies are the same. This resonant interaction amplifies the set of the above oscillations in the case where these two oscillations have wave energies of opposite signs. These oscillations are assumed to be excited most efficiently in the case where the radial group velocities of these two waves vanish at the same place. The above set of oscillations is not unique, depending on the node number n, of oscillations in the vertical direction. We consider that the basic two sets of oscillations correspond to the twin QPOs. The frequencies of these oscillations depend on the disk parameters, such as the strength of the magnetic fields. For observational mass ranges of GRS 1915+ 105, GRO J1655-40, XTE J1550-564, and HEAO H1743-322, the spins of these sources are estimated. High spins of these sources can be described if the disks have weak poloidal magnetic fields as well as toroidal magnetic fields of moderate strength. In this model the 3:2 frequency ratio of high-frequency QPOs is not related to their excitation, but occurs by chance.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Raeder, S.; Stöbener, N.; Gottwald, T.; Passler, G.; Reich, T.; Trautmann, N.; Wendt, K.
2011-03-01
The long-lived radio isotope 237Np is generated within the nuclear fuel cycle and represents a major hazard in the final disposal of nuclear waste. Related geochemical research requires sensitive methods for the detection of ultratrace amounts of neptunium in environmental samples. Resonance ionization mass spectrometry (RIMS) has proven to be one of the most sensitive methods for the detection of plutonium. A precondition for the application of RIMS to ultratrace analysis of neptunium is the knowledge of an efficient and selective scheme for optical excitation and ionization. Therefore, a multitude of medium to high-lying atomic levels in neptunium was located by applying in-source resonance ionization spectroscopy. By using excitation via six previously known first excited, intermediate levels of odd parity, a set of twelve so far unknown high-lying levels of even parity were identified and studied further for their suitability in resonant excitation/ionization schemes. Autoionizing resonances for efficient ionization of neptunium atoms were subsequently accessed spectroscopically. Altogether five resonance ionization schemes were investigated and characterized concerning their saturation behavior and relative efficiency. Applying a calibrated sample, an overall efficiency of 0.3 % was determined.
Resonant Post-Newtonian Eccentricity Excitation in Hierarchical Three-body Systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Naoz, Smadar; Kocsis, Bence; Loeb, Abraham; Yunes, Nicolás
2013-08-01
We study the secular, hierarchical three-body problem to first-order in a post-Newtonian expansion of general relativity (GR). We expand the first-order post-Newtonian Hamiltonian to leading-order in the ratio of the semi-major axis of the two orbits. In addition to the well-known terms that correspond to the GR precession of the inner and outer orbits, we find a new secular post-Newtonian interaction term that can affect the long-term evolution of the triple. We explore the parameter space for highly inclined and eccentric systems, where the Kozai-Lidov mechanism can produce large-amplitude oscillations in the eccentricities. The standard lore, i.e., that GR effects suppress eccentricity, is only consistent with the parts of phase space where the GR timescales are several orders of magnitude shorter than the secular Newtonian one. In other parts of phase space, however, post-Newtonian corrections combined with the three-body ones can excite eccentricities. In particular, for systems where the GR timescale is comparable to the secular Newtonian timescales, the three-body interactions give rise to a resonant-like eccentricity excitation. Furthermore, for triples with a comparable-mass inner binary, where the eccentric Kozai-Lidov mechanism is suppressed, post-Newtonian corrections can further increase the eccentricity and lead to orbital flips even when the timescale of the former is much longer than the timescale of the secular Kozai-Lidov quadrupole perturbations.
RESONANT POST-NEWTONIAN ECCENTRICITY EXCITATION IN HIERARCHICAL THREE-BODY SYSTEMS
Naoz, Smadar; Kocsis, Bence; Loeb, Abraham; Yunes, Nicolas
2013-08-20
We study the secular, hierarchical three-body problem to first-order in a post-Newtonian expansion of general relativity (GR). We expand the first-order post-Newtonian Hamiltonian to leading-order in the ratio of the semi-major axis of the two orbits. In addition to the well-known terms that correspond to the GR precession of the inner and outer orbits, we find a new secular post-Newtonian interaction term that can affect the long-term evolution of the triple. We explore the parameter space for highly inclined and eccentric systems, where the Kozai-Lidov mechanism can produce large-amplitude oscillations in the eccentricities. The standard lore, i.e., that GR effects suppress eccentricity, is only consistent with the parts of phase space where the GR timescales are several orders of magnitude shorter than the secular Newtonian one. In other parts of phase space, however, post-Newtonian corrections combined with the three-body ones can excite eccentricities. In particular, for systems where the GR timescale is comparable to the secular Newtonian timescales, the three-body interactions give rise to a resonant-like eccentricity excitation. Furthermore, for triples with a comparable-mass inner binary, where the eccentric Kozai-Lidov mechanism is suppressed, post-Newtonian corrections can further increase the eccentricity and lead to orbital flips even when the timescale of the former is much longer than the timescale of the secular Kozai-Lidov quadrupole perturbations.
Excitation of the {sup 229m}Th nuclear isomer via resonance conversion in ionized atoms
Karpeshin, F. F.; Trzhaskovskaya, M. B.
2015-09-15
Pressing problems concerning the optical pumping of the 7.6-eV {sup 229m}Th nuclear isomer, which is a candidate for a new nuclear optical reference point for frequencies, are examined. Physics behind the mechanism of the two-photon optical pumping of the isomer is considered. It is shown that, irrespective of the pumping scheme, a dominant contribution comes, in accord with what was proven earlier for the 3.5-eV isomer, from the resonance 8s–7s transition. Details of an optimum experimental scheme are discussed. It is shown that, after isomer excitation, the atom involved remains with a high probability in an excited state at an energy of about 0.5 eV rather than in the ground state, the required energy of the two photons being equal to the energy of the nuclear level plus the energy of the lowest 7s state of the atom. The estimated pumping time is about 1.5 s in the case where the field strength of each laser is 1 V/cm.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wiesner, K.; Fink, R. F.; Sorensen, S. L.; Andersson, M.; Feifel, R.; Hjelte, I.; Miron, C.; Naves de Brito, A.; Rosenqvist, L.; Wang, H.; Svensson, S.; Björneholm, O.
2003-06-01
Resonant Auger electron spectra of core excited O 3 ( OT1s -12b 11) are presented for the first time. The photoionization valence spectrum with sample purity and resolution superior to those published is presented. The first direct experimental evidence for the C˜ 2 B 1 state of O 3+ is found. Ab initio calculations of the resonant Auger electron (RAE) spectrum have been performed supporting the assignment of the C˜-state.
Tamaru, S. Kubota, H.; Yakushiji, K.; Konoto, M.; Nozaki, T.; Fukushima, A.; Imamura, H.; Taniguchi, T.; Arai, H.; Tsunegi, S.; Yuasa, S.; Suzuki, Y.
2014-05-07
Measurements of thermally excited ferromagnetic resonance were performed on spin torque oscillators having a perpendicularly magnetized free layer and in-plane magnetized reference layer (abbreviated as PMF-STO in the following) for the purpose of obtaining magnetic properties in the PMF-STO structure. The measured spectra clearly showed a large main peak and multiple smaller peaks on the high frequency side. A Lorentzian fit on the main peak yielded Gilbert damping factor of 0.0041. The observed peaks moved in proportion to the out-of-plane bias field. From the slope of the main peak frequency as a function of the bias field, Lande g factor was estimated to be about 2.13. The mode intervals showed a clear dependence on the diameter of the PMF-STOs, i.e., intervals are larger for a smaller diameter. These results suggest that the observed peaks should correspond to eigenmodes of lateral spin wave resonance in the perpendicularly magnetized free layer.
Czarnetzki, U.; Mussenbrock, T.; Brinkmann, R. P.
2006-12-15
Self-excited plasma series resonances (PSR) are observed in capacitve discharges as high-frequency oscillations superimposed on the normal rf current. This high-frequency contribution to the current is generated by a series resonance between the capacitive sheath and the inductive and ohmic bulk of the plasma. The nonlinearity of the sheath leads to a complex dynamic. The effect is applied, e.g., as a diagnostic technique in commercial etch reactors where analysis is performed by a numerical model. Here a simple analytical investigation is introduced. In order to solve the nonlinear equations analytically, a series of approximation is necessary. Nevertheless, the basic physics is conserved and excellent agreement with numerical solutions is found. The model provides explicit and simple formula for the current waveform and the spectral range of the oscillations. In particular, the dependence on the discharge parameters is shown. Further, the model gives insight into an additional dissipation channel opened by the high-frequency oscillations. With decreasing pressure, the ohmic resistance of the bulk decreases as well, while the amplitude of the PSR oscillations grows. This results in substantially higher power dissipation that exceeds the contribution of classical stochastic heating.
Flow-excited acoustic resonances of coaxial side-branches in an annular duct
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Arthurs, D.; Ziada, S.
2009-01-01
This paper investigates the aeroacoustic response of an annular duct with closed coaxial side-branches, and examines the effect of several passive countermeasures on the resonance intensity. The investigated geometry is inspired by the design of the Roll-Posts in the Rolls-Royce LiftSystem® engine, which is currently being developed for the Lockheed Martin Joint Strike Fighter (JSF®) aircraft. The effects of design parameters, such as diameter ratio, branch length ratio and thickness of the annular flow on the frequency and resonance intensity of the first acoustic mode are studied experimentally. Numerical simulations of the acoustic mode shapes and frequencies are also performed. The annular flow has been found to excite several acoustic modes, the strongest in all cases being the first acoustic mode, which consists of a quarter wavelength along the length of each branch. The ratios of the branch length and diameter, with respect to the main duct diameter, have been found to have strong effects on the frequency of the acoustic modes.