These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

The NASA earth resources spectral information system: A data compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Earth Resources Spectral Information System and the information contained therein are described. It contains an ordered, indexed compilation of natural targets in the optical region from 0.3 to 45.0 microns. The data compilation includes approximately 100 rock and mineral, 2600 vegetation, 1000 soil, and 60 water spectral reflectance, transmittance, and emittance curves. Most of the data have been categorized by subject, and the curves in those subject areas have been plotted on a single graph. Those categories with too few curves and miscellaneous categories have been plotted as single-curve graphs. Each graph, composite of single, is fully titled to indicate curve source and is indexed by subject to facilitate user retrieval.

Leeman, V.; Earing, D.; Vincent, R. K.; Ladd, S.

1971-01-01

2

Solar Radiation Resource Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Solar Radiation Resource Information page for the RReDC which provides information on several types of renewable energy resources in the United States, in the form of publications, data, and maps. An extensive dictionary of renewable energy related terms is also provided. This page has links to: -Archived Data -NREL Data Collection Activities -Solar Spectra -Solar Codes & Algorithms -Solar Models -Solar Calculators -Publications. Keyword: Photovoltaic, cell, PV.

2012-10-15

3

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

4

Motivation Two spectral preconditioners Recombination issue Using Spectral Information to Precondition  

E-print Network

1 Motivation Two spectral preconditioners Recombination issue Using Spectral Information #12;2 Motivation Two spectral preconditioners Recombination issue #12;3 Motivation Two spectral preconditioners Recombination issue Outline 1 Motivation 2 Two spectral preconditioners 3 Recombination issue #12

5

Weighted compression of spectral color information.  

PubMed

Spectral color information is used nowadays in many different applications. Accurate spectral images are usually very large files, but a proper compression method can reduce needed storage space remarkably with a minimum loss of information. In this paper we introduce a principal component analysis (PCA) -based compression method of spectral color information. In this approach spectral data is weighted with a proper weight function before forming the correlation matrix and calculating the eigenvector basis. First we give a general framework for how to use weight functions in compression of relevant color information. Then we compare the weighted compression method with the traditional PCA compression method by compressing and reconstructing the Munsell data set consisting of 1,269 reflectance spectra and the Pantone data set consisting of 922 reflectance spectra. Two different weight functions are proposed and tested. We show that weighting clearly improves retention of color information in the PCA-based compression process. PMID:18516149

Laamanen, Hannu; Jetsu, Tuija; Jaaskelainen, Timo; Parkkinen, Jussi

2008-06-01

6

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

7

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

8

Environmental Information Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for the Environment is a joint public-private partnership between The George Washington University in Washington D.C. and the US Environmental Protection Agency. The Institute has implemented the Environmental Information Resources site providing information about the environment, including everything from ocean oil spills, to environmental college research world wide, to Access EPA (an on-line data base of environmental details), to the first model Green University along with its on-line Strategic Plan, to the U.S. Green Building Council's membership form. The site links to over two hundred other sites around the world and more are being added every day. The system is entirely free and has been cited by the President and Vice-President of the United States of America in a Environmental Technology report that was given in April of 1995.

1997-01-01

9

Storage and retrieval of mass spectral information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer handling of mass spectra serves two main purposes: the interpretation of the occasional, problematic mass spectrum, and the identification of the large number of spectra generated in the gas-chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis of complex natural and synthetic mixtures. Methods available fall into the three categories of library search, artificial intelligence, and learning machine. Optional procedures for coding, abbreviating and filtering a library of spectra minimize time and storage requirements. Newer techniques make increasing use of probability and information theory in accessing files of mass spectral information.

Hohn, M. E.; Humberston, M. J.; Eglinton, G.

1977-01-01

10

Information Theory, Spectral Geometry, and Quantum Gravity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that there exists a deep link between the two disciplines of information theory and spectral geometry. This allows us to obtain new results on a well-known quantum gravity motivated natural ultraviolet cutoff which describes an upper bound on the spatial density of information. Concretely, we show that, together with an infrared cutoff, this natural ultraviolet cutoff beautifully reduces the path integral of quantum field theory on curved space to a finite number of ordinary integrations. We then show, in particular, that the subsequent removal of the infrared cutoff is safe.

Kempf, Achim; Martin, Robert

2008-01-01

11

ENGINEERING CAREER RESOURCES INFORMATION SESSION  

E-print Network

& SERVICES � General guidance in technical career explora2on and decision- making � Assistance decisions about your career path based on real workplace experience � Gain technicalENGINEERING CAREER RESOURCES INFORMATION SESSION Fall 2010 #12;OUR PROGRAMS

12

Information Resources CHILDREN AND NATURE  

E-print Network

1 Information Resources CHILDREN AND NATURE Special thanks to the individuals and organizations who have contributed these materials to the library. TABLE OF CONTENTS: BOOKS FOR CHILDREN Nonfiction _____________________________________________ 2 BOOKS FOR CHILDREN Fiction _______________________________________________ 41 PARENT

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

13

Spectral Information System for Australian Spectroscopy Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inherently field spectroscopy involves the study of the interrelationships between the spectral characteristics of objects and their biophysical attributes in the field environment (Bauer et al., 1986; Milton, 1987). Spectroscopy measurements taken of vegetated surfaces provide spectral characteristics indicative of the status, composition and structure of the components measured. However, additional elements are present that add undesired effects to the overall signal such as the soil background or the viewing and illumination geometry (Suarez etal 2013). Further, the leaf spectrum is affected by several factors including leaf age, phenology, a highly variable range of stressors, any of which may be the actual focus of study, and additionally influenced by a range of environmental conditions. There is a critical need to use acquired spectra to infer vegetation function, understand phenological cycles, characterise biodiversity or as part of the process to assess biogeochemical processes. However the collection of leaf spectra during field campaigns is undertaken on a project basis, where a large number of spectra tend to be collected, yet the value and ability to share and confidently re-use such collections is often restricted. Often this is because the data are stored in disparate silos with little, if any, consistency in formatting and content, and most importantly, lack metadata to aid their discovery and re-use. These datasets have significant potential for vegetation scientists but also benefit the wider earth observation remote sensing and other earth science communities. In Australia this problem has been addressed by the adoption and enhancement of the existing SPECCHIO system (Hueni et al. 2009) as a suitable standard for spectral data exchange. As a spectral database, the system provides storage of spectra and associated metadata, retrieval of spectral data using metadata space queries, information on provenance, all of which facilitate repeatability of data processing. When associated with intelligent software, data is not only retrievable and usable by other users or systems, but additional processing functionalities become available which further transform the data/information held by the information system (Chisholm et al 2013). The Australian remote sensing community has moved towards a system that can support scientists in analysing their data using the full potential of combined metadata spaces (Wason and Wiley, 2000) and spectral spaces (Hueni et al 2012). Combined with efforts towards establishing a metadata standard, the development of best practice protocols, and conceptualisation of the spectroscopy data life cycle, a series of operational case studies from operational testing serve to highlight the capacity of the system to capture and manage an expanding range of spectroscopy research data. This paper will summarise case studies to illustrate the use of the system as data repository and as a platform for post-processing and storage of according results in the database. This approach will address the use of the system to characterize vegetation attributes which infer function, and uses which demonstrate the generic nature of the SPECCHIO system for the handling of in-situ spectral data and metadata, and as a platform for post-processing and storage of according results in the database.

Chisholm, L. A.; Ong, C.; Hueni, A.; Suarez, L.; Restrepo-Coupe, N.

2013-12-01

14

Monitoring and visualizing information resources  

SciTech Connect

The continuous increase in information necessitates monitoring and display techniques that maximize comprehension yet minimize effort. In this paper, we discuss the use of hypertools, confluent zoom and graphical encoding of text as solutions to this problem, and we introduce Irwin and information resource and display tool.

McCrickard, D.S. [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Graphics, Visualization, and Usability Center; Rowan, T.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1996-07-01

15

RIMS: Resource Information Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview is given of the capabilities and functions of the resource management system (RIMS). It is a simple interactive DMS tool which allows users to build, modify, and maintain data management applications. The RIMS minimizes programmer support required to develop/maintain small data base applications. The RIMS also assists in bringing the United Information Services (UIS) budget system work inhouse. Information is also given on the relationship between the RIMS and the user community.

Symes, J.

1983-01-01

16

NASA information resources management handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Handbook (NHB) implements recent changes to Federal laws and regulations involving the acquisition, management, and use of Federal Information Processing (FIP) resources. This document defines NASA's Information Resources Management (IRM) practices and procedures and is applicable to all NASA personnel. The dynamic nature of the IRM environment requires that the controlling management practices and procedures for an Agency at the leading edge of technology, such as NASA, must be periodically updated to reflect the changes in this environment. This revision has been undertaken to accommodate changes in the technology and the impact of new laws and regulations dealing with IRM. The contents of this document will be subject to a complete review annually to determine its continued applicability to the acquisition, management, and use of FIP resources by NASA. Updates to this document will be accomplished by page changes. This revision cancels NHB 2410.1D, dated April 1985.

1992-01-01

17

Spectral information from minerals relevant for luminescence dating  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews basic spectral features of luminescence from minerals used in dating and allied research. Luminescence production is a result of multiple interactions within the imperfect crystal lattice and spectral information is not limited to the emission of light. Results of spectral investigations of luminescence emission during thermal stimulation (TL) or optical stimulation (OSL) form the main part of

M. R. Krbetschek; J. Gtze; A. Dietrich; T. Trautmann

1997-01-01

18

Title: Ontario Wind Resources Information Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources  

E-print Network

of Natural Resources Publisher: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Publication Date: 2005-03-31 Coverage: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, date. Vendor Link: http://www.ontariowindatlas.ca/ #12;Title: Ontario Wind Resources Information Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Ontario Ministry

19

Hyperspectral image classification by collaboration of spatial and spectral information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classification of hyperspectral image data has drawn much attention in recent years. Consequently, it contains not only spectral information of objects, but also spatial arrangement of objects. The most established Hyperspectral classifiers are based on the observed spectral signal, and ignore the spatial relations among observations. Information captured in neighboring locations may provide useful supplementary knowledge for analysis. To

Yu-Zhou Yan; Yongqiang Zhao; Hui-Feng Xue; Xiao-Dong Kou; Yuanzheng Liu

2009-01-01

20

Reconstruction of solar spectral resource using limited spectral sampling for concentrating photovoltaic systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the challenges associated with forecasting and evaluating concentrating photovoltaic system (CPV) performance in diverse locations is the lack of high-quality spectral solar resource data. Various local atmospheric conditions such as air mass, aerosols, and atmospheric gases affect daily CPV module operation. A multi-channel filter radiometer (MFCR) can be used to quantify these effects at relatively low cost. The proposed method of selectively sampling the solar spectrum at specific wavelength channels to spectrally reconstruct incident irradiance is described and extensively analyzed. Field spectroradiometer (FSR) measurements at the University of Ottawa's CPV testing facility (45.42N, 75.68W) are fed into our model to mimic the outputs from the MCFR. The analysis is performed over a two year period (2011-2012), using 46,564 spectra. A recommendation is made to use four aerosols channels at 420, 500, 780, and 1050 nm, one ozone channel at 610 nm and one water vapour channel at 940 nm, all of which can be measured with ubiquitous Si photodiodes. A simulation of this MFCR channel configuration produces an RMS error under 1.5% over 96% of the 350-1830 nm range, when compared with the FSR, for the 2012 data set in Ottawa.

Tatsiankou, Viktar; Hinzer, Karin; Mohammed, Jafaru; Muron, Aaron; Wilkins, Matthew; Haysom, Joan; Schriemer, Henry; Myrskog, Stefan

2013-10-01

21

Information-efficient spectral imaging sensor  

DOEpatents

A programmable optical filter for use in multispectral and hyperspectral imaging. The filter splits the light collected by an optical telescope into two channels for each of the pixels in a row in a scanned image, one channel to handle the positive elements of a spectral basis filter and one for the negative elements of the spectral basis filter. Each channel for each pixel disperses its light into n spectral bins, with the light in each bin being attenuated in accordance with the value of the associated positive or negative element of the spectral basis vector. The spectral basis vector is constructed so that its positive elements emphasize the presence of a target and its negative elements emphasize the presence of the constituents of the background of the imaged scene. The attenuated light in the channels is re-imaged onto separate detectors for each pixel and then the signals from the detectors are combined to give an indication of the presence or not of the target in each pixel of the scanned scene. This system provides for a very efficient optical determination of the presence of the target, as opposed to the very data intensive data manipulations that are required in conventional hyperspectral imaging systems.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Gentry, Stephen M. (Albuquerque, NM); Boye, Clinton A. (Albuquerque, NM); Grotbeck, Carter L. (Albuquerque, NM); Stallard, Brian R. (Albuquerque, NM); Descour, Michael R. (Tucson, AZ)

2003-01-01

22

Forest Resource Information System (FRIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technological and economical feasibility of using multispectral digital image data as acquired from the LANDSAT satellites in an ongoing operational forest information system was evaluated. Computer compatible multispectral scanner data secured from the LANDSAT satellites were demonstrated to be a significant contributor to ongoing information systems by providing the added dimensions of synoptic and repeat coverage of the Earth's surface. Major forest cover types of conifer, deciduous, mixed conifer-deciduous and non-forest, were classified well within the bounds of the statistical accuracy of the ground sample. Further, when overlayed with existing maps, the acreage of cover type retains a high level of positional integrity. Maps were digitized by a graphics design system, overlayed and registered onto LANDSAT imagery such that the map data with associated attributes were displayed on the image. Once classified, the analysis results were converted back to map form as a cover type of information. Existing tabular information as represented by inventory is registered geographically to the map base through a vendor provided data management system. The notion of a geographical reference base (map) providing the framework to which imagery and tabular data bases are registered and where each of the three functions of imagery, maps and inventory can be accessed singly or in combination is the very essence of the forest resource information system design.

1983-01-01

23

Using spectral information in forensic imaging.  

PubMed

Improved detection of forensic evidence by combining narrow band photographic images taken at a range of wavelengths is dependent on the substance of interest having a significantly different spectrum from the underlying substrate. While some natural substances such as blood have distinctive spectral features which are readily distinguished from common colorants, this is not true for visualization agents commonly used in forensic science. We now show that it is possible to select reagents with narrow spectral features that lead to increased visibility using digital cameras and computer image enhancement programs even if their coloration is much less intense to the unaided eye than traditional reagents. The concept is illustrated by visualising latent fingermarks on paper with the zinc complex of Ruhemann's Purple, cyanoacrylate-fumed fingerprints with Eu(tta)(3)(phen), and soil prints with 2,6-bis(benzimidazol-2-yl)-4-[4'-(dimethylamino)phenyl]pyridine [BBIDMAPP]. In each case background correction is performed at one or two wavelengths bracketing the narrow absorption or emission band of these compounds. However, compounds with sharp spectral features would also lead to improved detection using more advanced algorithms such as principal component analysis. PMID:16226148

Miskelly, Gordon M; Wagner, John H

2005-12-20

24

Division of Human Resources EMERGENCY CLOSING INFORMATION  

E-print Network

the authority to announce an emergency closing. University Communications and Marketing normally communicatesDivision of Human Resources EMERGENCY CLOSING INFORMATION Human Resources / Attendance and Leave Emergency Closing Information Form questions: (813) 974-5717 Rev. 04/2010 General Information on Emergency

Meyers, Steven D.

25

36 CFR 296.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. 296.18 Section...AGRICULTURE PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES: UNIFORM REGULATIONS 296.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. (a) The...

2010-07-01

26

32 CFR 229.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. 229.18 Section...MISCELLANEOUS PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES: UNIFORM REGULATIONS 229.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. (a) The...

2011-07-01

27

32 CFR 229.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. 229.18 Section...MISCELLANEOUS PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES: UNIFORM REGULATIONS 229.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. (a) The...

2010-07-01

28

43 CFR 7.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. 7.18 Section 7...Interior PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES Uniform Regulations 7.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. (a) The...

2010-10-01

29

22 CFR 1104.17 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...true Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. 1104.17 Section 1104...SECTION PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES 1104.17 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. (a) The...

2011-04-01

30

43 CFR 7.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. 7.18 Section 7...Interior PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES Uniform Regulations 7.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. (a) The...

2011-10-01

31

36 CFR 296.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. 296.18 Section...AGRICULTURE PROTECTION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES: UNIFORM REGULATIONS 296.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information. (a) The...

2011-07-01

32

Online Resources for Adaptive Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes several online resources devoted to the issue of information access by the disabled; librarians serving disabled users and seeking to employ adaptive technology will find a great deal of information on these sites. (AEF)

Balas, Janet L.

1999-01-01

33

Concepts for a global resources information system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the Global Resources Information System (GRIS) is to establish an effective and efficient information management system to meet the data access requirements of NASA and NASA-related scientists conducting large-scale, multi-disciplinary, multi-mission scientific investigations. Using standard interfaces and operating guidelines, diverse data systems can be integrated to provide the capabilities to access and process multiple geographically dispersed data sets and to develop the necessary procedures and algorithms to derive global resource information.

Billingsley, F. C.; Urena, J. L.

1984-01-01

34

INFORMATION RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN HETEROGENEOUS, DISTRIBUTED ENVIRONMENTS  

E-print Network

, this notion envisions information as a fourth factor of production (along with land, labor and capital for Manufacturing Productivity and Technology Transfer RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE Troy, NY 12180-3590 #12) environment, (2) enterprise information resources management (as a passive kernel for information integration

Hsu, Cheng

35

Informational approach to intergenerational resource sharing  

SciTech Connect

Given an exhaustible resource whose stock size is unknown, a major normative resource management problem is to distribute this stock over different generations using a sound ethical rule. The authors formulate the complex relationship between different generations in the framework of the classical optimization problem in agency theory. The model brings out the important role played by informational asymmetry in the intergenerational resource sharing problem.

Guruswamy Babu, P. [Indira Gandhi Inst. of Development Research, Bombay (India)

1998-05-01

36

Hyperspectral image classification by collaboration of spatial and spectral information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The classification of hyperspectral image data has drawn much attention in recent years. Consequently, it contains not only spectral information of objects, but also spatial arrangement of objects. The most established Hyperspectral classifiers are based on the observed spectral signal, and ignore the spatial relations among observations. Information captured in neighboring locations may provide useful supplementary knowledge for analysis. To combine the spectral and spatial information in the classification process, in this paper, a Multidimensional Local Spatial Autocorrelation (MLSA) is proposed for hyperspectral image data. Based on this measure, a collaborative classification method is proposed, which integrates the spectral and spatial autocorrelation during the decision-making process. The trials of our experiment are conducted on two scenes, one from HYDICE 210-band imagery collected over an area that contains a diverse range of terrain features and the other is toy car hyperspectral image captured at Instrumentation and Sensing Laboratory (ISL) at Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. Quantitative measures of local consistency (smoothness) and global labeling, along with class maps, demonstrate the benefits of applying this method for unsupervised and supervised classification.

Yan, Yu-zhou; Zhao, Yongqiang; Xue, Hui-feng; Kou, Xiao-dong; Liu, Yuanzheng

2009-07-01

37

National Biological Information Infrastructure: Teacher Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal, published by the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), provides educators, parents, and students with access to online resources that emphasize the teaching of biology, biodiversity, and ecology. Materials include activities, lesson plans, experiments, projects, resources, and references for classroom and home use. They are arranged by general curriculum, by state, and by subject (birds, botany, insects, etc.).

38

30 CFR 779.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Soil resources information. 779.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 779.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information of the permit...

2012-07-01

39

30 CFR 783.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Soil resources information. 783.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 783.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information on those...

2013-07-01

40

30 CFR 783.21 - Soil resources information.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Soil resources information. 783.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 783.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information on those...

2014-07-01

41

30 CFR 779.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Soil resources information. 779.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 779.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information of the permit...

2013-07-01

42

30 CFR 779.21 - Soil resources information.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Soil resources information. 779.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 779.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information of the permit...

2014-07-01

43

30 CFR 783.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Soil resources information. 783.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 783.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information on those...

2012-07-01

44

information and resources for States on issues, opportunities, and options  

E-print Network

State Bioenergy Primer information and resources for States on issues, opportunities, and options Feedstocks Converted into Bioenergy? ____________________________ 12 2.4 Resources for Detailed Information ______________________________________________________ 37 3.6 Resources for Detailed Information ______________________________________________ 39 3

45

30 CFR 779.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Soil resources information. 779.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 779.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information of the permit...

2010-07-01

46

30 CFR 783.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Soil resources information. 783.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 783.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information on those...

2010-07-01

47

INFORMATION RESOURCE REQUESTINFORMATION RESOURCE REQUEST UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDAUNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA  

E-print Network

INFORMATION RESOURCE REQUESTINFORMATION RESOURCE REQUEST UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDAUNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA 1. Requester Information: Department Name Tel. No. Contact Name Email Address Department Installation Total Other Total 6. Comments: Approved: Date: IRR No. Information Resources Manager Please mail

Wu, Shin-Tson

48

Solar resource assessment with a solar spectral irradiance meter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The SSIM prototype was designed at the University of Ottawa as a cost-effective alternative to a field spectrora-diometer. The instrument was installed at the University of Ottawa's CPV testing facility in September, 2013, collecting the environmental and spectral data from October, 2013 to March, 2014. The SSIM's performance was compared against an ASD field spectroradiometer and an Eppley pyrheliometer during a six month study. It was observed that the SSIM can accurately reproduce the solar spectrum and the direct normal irradiance. The mean difference between the SSIM and the Eppley pyrheliometer was within 1.5% for cloudless periods in October, 2013. However, bandpass filter degradation and moisture ingress limited the long term performance of the device.

Tatsiankou, Viktar; Hinzer, Karin; Muron, Aaron; Haysom, Joan; Schriemer, Henry; Myrskog, Stefan

2014-09-01

49

Diffraction-induced spectral anomalies for information encoding and information hiding - Possibilities and limitations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been shown both theoretically and experimentally that drastic spectral changes take place around phase singularity and the shift in the spectral lines gives rise to the phenomenon called spectral switching. The shift of spectral lines towards the blue end or towards the red end of the spectrum might perhaps be used in free space communication applications. In more recent investigations, the possibility of information encoding with spectral anomalies have been discussed for two different optical systems. In this paper, we present schemes of information encoding and information hiding in the Airy pattern formed by diffraction of spatially coherent light after passing through a circular aperture. We propose a communication system that might be used to realize a new communication technique.

Yadav, Bharat K.; Bisht, N. S.; Mehrotra, R.; Kandpal, H. C.

2007-09-01

50

Natural Resource Information for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is concerned with the problem of collecting information on natural resources. It analyses the cost of effectiveness of various kinds of surveys and related techniques (for example, aerial photography, geological and soil studies, and forest surveys) under various conditions, distinguishing between "time-bound" information and

Herfindahl, Orris C.

51

On Information Theory, Spectral Geometry and Quantum Gravity  

E-print Network

We show that there exists a deep link between the two disciplines of information theory and spectral geometry. This allows us to obtain new results on a well known quantum gravity motivated natural ultraviolet cutoff which describes an upper bound on the spatial density of information. Concretely, we show that, together with an infrared cutoff, this natural ultraviolet cutoff beautifully reduces the path integral of quantum field theory on curved space to a finite number of ordinary integrations. We then show, in particular, that the subsequent removal of the infrared cutoff is safe.

Achim Kempf; Robert Martin

2007-08-01

52

Agroecological Aspect of Using Spectral Data as Information and Predictions Support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the contemporary world aerospace information gathered by different sensors and numerous observation missions has become a genuine necessity in various investigation and application fields During the last years the destructive processes caused by natural disasters or anthropogenic activities are in the focus of the scientific research and occupy the attention of social communities and government authorities Remote sensing technologies are widely used for the purpose of natural resources management crop assessment land covers change detection ecosystems preservation and many other world significant problems Recent developments in environmental studies are greatly connected with the worldwide ecological problems related to anthropogenic impacts on the biosphere and first of all on vegetation Advanced monitoring and alerting on-time information extraction modeling and forecasting technologies are a preposition for successful data application and decision support in environmental studies In agriculture remote sensing is applied for assessing plant development processes and growth conditions This paper is devoted to ground-based spectral modeling as an integral part of vegetation remote sensing monitoring The influence of soil properties and anthropogenic factors fertilization heavy metal pollution on crop spectral response is studied Empirical relationships are established between the stress factors plant spectral response and agronomic variables thus attaching a quantitative measure to the spectral indicators of crop stress A

Kancheva, R.; Borisova, D.

53

43 CFR 3420.1-2 - Call for coal resource and other resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Call for coal resource and other resource information...Competitive Leasing 3420.1-2 Call for coal resource and other resource information...use plan or land use analysis, a Call for Coal and Other Resource Information shall...

2011-10-01

54

43 CFR 3420.1-2 - Call for coal resource and other resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Call for coal resource and other resource information...Competitive Leasing 3420.1-2 Call for coal resource and other resource information...use plan or land use analysis, a Call for Coal and Other Resource Information shall...

2013-10-01

55

43 CFR 3420.1-2 - Call for coal resource and other resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Call for coal resource and other resource information...Competitive Leasing 3420.1-2 Call for coal resource and other resource information...use plan or land use analysis, a Call for Coal and Other Resource Information shall...

2012-10-01

56

Integrating Automated Information Security and Information Resources Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the security of automated information systems must be made a management priority and effectively supported. The steps needed to achieve this objective are outlined in the areas of information resources management planning, budgeting and costing, directing, organizing, training, and controlling. A list of suggested readings is provided.

Chick, Morey J.

1990-01-01

57

Grid Information Services for Distributed Resource Sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grid technologies enable large-scale sharing of re- sources within formal or informal consortia of individu- als and\\/or institutions: what are sometimes called virtual organizations. In these settings, the discovery, characteri- zation, and monitoring of resources, services, and compu- tations can be challenging due to the considerable diver- sity, large numbers, dynamic behavior, and geographical distribution of the entities in which

Karl Czajkowski; Carl Kesselman; Steven Fitzgerald; Ian T. Foster

2001-01-01

58

Office of Human Resources Employee Information  

E-print Network

Retirement System (PERS) Status Employee Signature Signature Date HR USE ONLY copy to benefits if PERSOffice of Human Resources Employee Information Employee Data PLEASE NOTE: IRS regulation, as well as the Federal Employer's Tax Guide requires that each employee's payroll name & number must exactly match

Lafferriere, Gerardo

59

Geographic Information System Resources to Support  

E-print Network

Geographic Information System Resources to Support Biomass/Bioenergy/Biofuel Decision Making Hawaii Natural Energy Institute Abstract The Hawaii Natural Energy Institute assessed potential biomass/bioenergy/biofuel for both sugar and fiber, and algae for oil or other intermediate products. The objective of this report

60

Institutional Quality: Are Information Technology Resources Important?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two years after the issue of CAUSE/EDUCOM guidelines, only two of the six regional accrediting associations--the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools--make significant references to information technology resources as part of their standards/criteria for institutional accreditation. (MLW)

West, Thomas W.

1990-01-01

61

Alcohol Research Information: A Guide to Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides guidelines for locating alcohol research information and building library collections on alcohol. Resource organizations, including government agencies, research institutions, and publishers, are identified and several access tools are described. The future directions of alcohol research and its dissemination are discussed. (Author/EM)

Page, Penny Booth

1986-01-01

62

STRBase and Information Resources on Forensic DNA  

E-print Network

Applied Genetics STRBase and Information Resources on Forensic DNA John M. Butler NIST Fellow & Applied Genetics Group Leader Forensics@NIST 2012 Meeting Gaithersburg, MD November 28, 2012 #12;Applied of the technique · DNA is often referred to as the "gold standard" in forensic science because of the scientific

Perkins, Richard A.

63

Spectral Resolution and Coverage Impact on Advanced Sounder Information Content  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced satellite sensors are tasked with improving global measurements of the Earth s atmosphere, clouds, and surface to enable enhancements in weather prediction, climate monitoring capability, and environmental change detection. Achieving such measurement improvements requires instrument system advancements. This presentation focuses on the impact of spectral resolution and coverage changes on remote sensing system information content, with a specific emphasis on thermodynamic state and trace species variables obtainable from advanced atmospheric sounders such as the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) and Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) systems on the MetOp and NPP/NPOESS series of satellites. Key words: remote sensing, advanced sounders, information content, IASI, CrIS

Larar, Allen M.; Liu, Xu; Zhou, Daniel K.; Smith, William L.

2010-01-01

64

RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC INVERSIONS USING GEOSTATIONARY HIGH-SPECTRAL-RESOLUTION SOUNDER RADIANCE INFORMATION  

E-print Network

P5.38 RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC INVERSIONS USING GEOSTATIONARY HIGH-SPECTRAL- RESOLUTION SOUNDER RADIANCE INFORMATION Jun Li Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) University and possible fog formation, numerical model initialization, and sounding retrieval. High- spectral

Li, Jun

65

Browsing and Visualizing Semantically Enriched Information Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are developing an approach to organizing bookmarks and other information resources by annotating them with metadata in the form of synsets taken from WordNet. This paper shows how a collection of annotated bookmarks can be semantically enriched by adding hyper-\\/hyponym relations from WordNet. It then illustrates how the semantically enriched bookmark collection can be browsed and visualized using the

Csaba Veres; Kristian Johansen; Andreas L. Opdahl

2010-01-01

66

RUDI: Resource for Urban Design Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

RUDI, the Resource for Urban Design Information, is an Internet gateway providing instructors, students, researchers, and practitioners with information related to urban design, architecture, planning, and associated disciplines. The collection of materials at RUDI includes case study examples of good practice, scholarly articles and papers, abstracts from urban design journals, bibliographies on urban design topics, the full-text of Urban Design Quarterly, a directory of urban design courses, a comprehensive calendar of events, links to related organizations and Websites, and much more. Currently, this extensive site contains 2,200 multimedia Web pages and nearly 6,000 images. RUDI is sponsored by the University of Hertfordshire and Oxford Brookes University.

67

Information Resources for Education. First Edition. Information Series No. 123.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online data bases useful in education described in this paper resulted from an information resources workshop conducted in Illinois in 1977. There are two major sections in the paper. The first section, Data Bases, contains one-page summaries of thirty-two online data bases of interest to people in education. Data base types include

Peterson, John C.; And Others

68

30 CFR 783.12 - General environmental resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General environmental resources information. 783.12 Section 783.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2011-07-01

69

30 CFR 779.12 - General environmental resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General environmental resources information. 779.12 Section 779.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2010-07-01

70

30 CFR 783.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Soil resources information. 783.21 Section 783.21 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...

2011-07-01

71

30 CFR 779.12 - General environmental resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General environmental resources information. 779.12 Section 779.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2011-07-01

72

30 CFR 783.12 - General environmental resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General environmental resources information. 783.12 Section 783.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

2010-07-01

73

30 CFR 779.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Soil resources information. 779.21 Section 779.21 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR...

2011-07-01

74

A Resource Center for Informal Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal science education (ISE) is playing an increasingly important role in how and where the public engages with science. A growing body of research is showing that people learn the majority of their science knowledge outside of school (Falk & Dierking, 2010). The ISE field includes a wide variety of sources, including the internet, TV programs, magazines, hobby clubs and museums, all sectors of the informal science education field. These experiences touch large numbers of people throughout their lifetimes. If you would like to share your research with the public, ISE can be an effective conduit for meaningful science communication. However, because the ISE field is so diverse, it can be overwhelming with its multiple entry points. If you already are part of an ISE initiative, knowing how to access the most useful resources easily can also be daunting. CAISE, the Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education, is a resource center for the ISE field funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). CAISE can help connect you to the knowledge and people of ISE, through its website, products and in-person convenings. The proposed CAISE presentation will outline the diversity of the field and concisely present data that will make the case for the impact of ISE. We will focus on examples of successful programs that connect science with the public and that bring together AGU's science research community with practitioners and researchers within ISE. Pathways to various ISE resources in the form of current CAISE initiatives will be described as well. The presentation will include an interview section in which a CAISE staff member will ask questions of a scientist involved in an ISE initiative in order to detail one example of how ISE can be a valuable tool for engaging the public in science. Time for audience Q&A also will be included in the session.

Dickow, B.

2011-12-01

75

Environmental Restoration Information Resource Management Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Restoration Information Resources Management (ER IRM) Program Plan defines program requirements, organizational structures and responsibilities, and work breakdown structure and to establish an approved baseline against which overall progress of the program as well as the effectiveness of its management will be measured. This plan will guide ER IRM Program execution and define the program`s essential elements. This plan will be routinely updated to incorporate key decisions and programmatic changes and will serve as the project baseline document. Environmental Restoration Waste Management Program intersite procedures and work instructions will be developed to facilitate the implementation of this plan.

Not Available

1994-09-01

76

Heliospotlight: An Information Resource for Heliophysics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Goddard Heliophysics Science Division (HSD) EPO and mission websites are rich with content covering the broad subject of heliophysics. This includes detailed information for many age groups, a large range of descriptive imagery and dynamic video and interactive material. The weakness of all this content is that it is scattered over so many websites as opposed to being organized and focused in one user friendly location. The website heliospotlight.org is being developed to address all these concerns, leveraging the vast content already developed while using state-of-the-art web technologies. This will provide a rich user experience simultaneously tailoring to the needs of the broad audience of students, educators, scientists, journalists and the general public. The website will use well supported, open source technologies enabling future flexibility and expansion. HSD EPO will support the development of this information resource.

Young, C.; Wawro, M.; Schenk, L. C.

2013-12-01

77

An Agent based Human Resource Management Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human resource means the most to an organization, even the organization is small or large. Human resource management is a critical type of management in the organization. In this paper, we propose an agent based human resource management information system. It comprises a web service and three kinds of agents. The web service provides functions for human resource routine management,

Hu Daiping; Wang Huanchen; Xu Weiguo; Lei Aizhong

78

Using spectral information from the NIR water absorption features for the retrieval of canopy water content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canopy water content (CWC) is important for mapping and monitoring the condition of the terrestrial ecosystem. Spectral information related to the water absorption features at 970nm and 1200nm offers possibilities for deriving information on CWC. In this study, we compare the use of derivative spectra, spectral indices and continuum removal techniques for these regions. Hyperspectral reflectance data representing a range

J. G. P. W. Clevers; L. Kooistra; M. E. Schaepman

2008-01-01

79

Designing and Delivering a Summer Institute on Academic Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of Kenyon College's (Ohio) Summer Institute on Academic Information Resources are to expose a select group of faculty and students to the many academic information resources available both on the Internet as well as locally on campus and to promote the use of these resources by faculty and students to affect innovative changes in the

Fox, Michael T.

80

NSF Awards Large Grant for Arabidopsis Information Resource  

NSF Publications Database

... other contact information may be out of date; please see current contact information at media ... Awards Large Grant for Arabidopsis Information Resource $5.3-Million Award Will Boost Understanding ...

81

Toxicologic information resources for reptile envenomations.  

PubMed

The United States is the largest importer of reptiles in the world, with an estimated 1.5 to 2.0 million households keeping one or more reptiles. Snakes account for about 11% of these imports and it has been estimated that as many as 9% of these reptiles are venomous. Envenomations by nonindigenous venomous species are a rare but often serious medical emergency. Bites may occur during the care and handling of legitimate collections found in universities, zoos, or museums. The other predominant source of exotic envenomation is from amateur collectors participating in importation, propagation, and trade of non-native species. This article provides toxicologic information resources for snake envenomations. PMID:18406394

McNally, Jude; Boesen, Keith; Boyer, Leslie

2008-05-01

82

Resource Information and Forecasting Group; Electricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration (ERBSI) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Researchers in the Resource Information and Forecasting group at NREL provide scientific, engineering, and analytical expertise to help characterize renewable energy resources and facilitate the integration of these clean energy sources into the electricity grid.

Not Available

2009-11-01

83

An Information-Theoretic Analysis of Distributed Resource Allocation  

E-print Network

An Information-Theoretic Analysis of Distributed Resource Allocation Tansu Alpcan and Subhrakanti between the system and its users. This information exchange is, however, limited by communication of information (flow) in a well-known distributed resource allocation algorithm using concepts from Shannon

Alpcan, Tansu

84

Texas Natural Resources Information System. File Description Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptions are given for the 164 computerized files that comprise the Texas Natural Resources Information System (TNRIS). The system provides natural resources information to federal, state, regional, and local and private entities. File descriptions are organized under the following data and information content areas: (1) base data, (2)

Interagency Council on Natural Resources and the Environment, Austin, TX. Texas Natural Resources Information System.

85

Community Information Resources in United States Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public libraries should be the place people go to seek community information, but inconsistent format and quality of delivery has created a void other providers of online information are filling. Examines online community information and discusses the results of an informal survey of 103 public libraries and their community information resources.

Resnik, Robert

1997-01-01

86

Extraction of topographic and spectral albedo information from multispectral images.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A technique has been developed to separate and extract spectral-reflectivity variations and topographic informaiton from multispectral images. The process is a completely closed system employing only the image data and can be applied to any digital multispectral data set. -from Authors

Eliason, P. T.; Soderblom, L. A.; Chavez, Jr, P. A.

1981-01-01

87

Toxicology information resources at the Environmental Protection Agency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Article presents toxicology information resources available to the public from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This includes digital information directly usable or downloadable from their web site, or referrals as to where the resource can be obtained. Contents include advice on effective search strategies, a guided tour of the web site and its main categories, and concludes with

Linda Miller Poore; Geffry King; Karen Stefanik

2001-01-01

88

Information-Efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor With Tdi  

DOEpatents

A programmable optical filter for use in multispectral and hyperspectral imaging employing variable gain time delay and integrate arrays. A telescope focuses an image of a scene onto at least one TDI array that is covered by a multispectral filter that passes separate bandwidths of light onto the rows in the TDI array. The variable gain feature of the TDI array allows individual rows of pixels to be attenuated individually. The attenuations are functions of the magnitudes of the positive and negative components of a spectral basis vector. The spectral basis vector is constructed so that its positive elements emphasize the presence of a target and its negative elements emphasize the presence of the constituents of the background of the imaged scene. This system provides for a very efficient determination of the presence of the target, as opposed to the very data intensive data manipulations that are required in conventional hyperspectral imaging systems.

Rienstra, Jeffrey L. (Albuquerque, NM); Gentry, Stephen M. (Albuquerque, NM); Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2004-01-13

89

ISIS; An Information-efficient Spectral Imaging System  

SciTech Connect

A specialized hyperspectral imager has been developed that preprocesses the spectra from an image before the light reaches the detectors. This "optical computer" does not allow the flexibility of digital post-processing. However, the processing is done in real time and the system can examine = 2 x 10{sup 6} scene pixels/sec. Therefore, outdoors it could search for pollutants, vegetation types, minerals, or man-made objects. On a high- speed production line it could identify defects in sheet products like plastic wrap or film, or on painted or plastic parts. ISIS is a line scan imager. A spectrally dispersed slit image is projected on a Spatial Light Modulator. The SLM is programmed to take the inner product of the spectral intensity vector and a spectral basis vector. The SLM directs the positive and negative parts of the inner product to different linear detector arrays so the signal difference equals the inner product. We envision a system with one telescope and =4 SLMS.

Boye, C.A.; Descour, M.R.; Gentry, S.M.; Grotbeck, C.L.; Stallard, B.R.; Sweatt, W.C.

1998-07-19

90

Information and Analytic Resource Guide. Part I. NCHEMS In-House Resources. First Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information is provided on the data sources and tools used in-house at the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS). The objective of the guide is to serve as a central resource for the various data management and analysis activities of NCHEMS. Summaries are provided of NCHEMS information and analytic resources including

Weldon, Kent; Makowski, David J.

91

APPLICATION OF SPATIAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TO PETROLEUM RESOURCE ASSESSMENT ANALYSIS.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Petroleum resource assessment procedures require the analysis of a large volume of spatial data. The US Geological Survey (USGS) has developed and applied spatial information handling procedures and digital cartographic techniques to a recent study involving the assessment of oil and gas resource potential for 74 million acres of designated and proposed wilderness lands in the western United States. The part of the study which dealt with the application of spatial information technology to petroleum resource assessment procedures is reviewed. A method was designed to expedite the gathering, integrating, managing, manipulating and plotting of spatial data from multiple data sources that are essential in modern resource assessment procedures.

Miller, Betty M.; Domaratz, Michael A.

1984-01-01

92

Equal Access Initiative HIV/AIDS Information Resources from NLM  

SciTech Connect

The Equal Access Initiative: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the National Minority AIDS Council 2010 Equal Access Initiative (EAI) Computer Grants Program awardees to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based

Templin-Branner W. and N. Dancy

2010-09-11

93

Information Literacy: Search Strategies, Tools & Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was created to teach information literacy. It takes a user-centered perspective in using information technology as a tool to accomplish a variety of tasks and is divided into a series of nine interrelated yet independent chapters. Chapter 1 is an introduction to basic concepts, focusing on fundamental models of information sources and

Ercegovac, Zorana

94

AAMC Publications and Information Resources: AAMC Listservs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Association of American Medical Colleges Listservs is a new web page that consolidates information about AAMC's fifteen mailing lists. Topics include AAMC activities, faculty affairs, resident affairs and medical education software, among others. Each list contains a brief description, information on eligibility requirements to join the list, and subscription information.

1997-01-01

95

Administrative information for t.a.s people resources  

E-print Network

Administrative information for t.a.s people resources Mike Clancy, 779 Soda, clancy@cs CS GSI Julie Aquino, 367 Soda, juliea@cs information about almost all payroll-related matters, fees, and GSI or informally scheduled 283 Soda is a place to hold office hours, to avoid hassling your officemates; at some

O'Brien, James F.

96

Using wikis as an online health information resource.  

PubMed

Wikis can be a powerful online resource for the provision and sharing of information, with the proviso that information found on them should be independently verified. This article defines wikis and sets them in context with recent developments on the internet. The article discusses the use of Wikipedia and other wikis as potential sources of health information for nurses. PMID:20527486

Younger, P

97

USING NLP OR NLP RESOURCES FOR INFORMATION RETRIEVAL TASKS  

E-print Network

USING NLP OR NLP RESOURCES FOR INFORMATION RETRIEVAL TASKS ALAN F. SMEATON Dublin City University Glasnevin, Dublin 9, IRELAND 1. Abstract The imact of NLP on information retrieval tasks has largely been in the present volume demonstrate, for the most part NLP and information retrieval have only recently started

Smeaton, Alan F.

98

Information resource use and need in risk assessment  

SciTech Connect

The manner in which the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) uses information resources comprises an interesting illustration of federal agency information use. A description of the context in which risk assessment occurs within the FDA is followed by a discussion of information access and use, as well as a practical example.

Turturro, A. [National Center for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, AR (United States)

1990-12-31

99

Information and Communications Technologies Center: Gender Equality Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online resources related to gender equality in math, science and technology. The links include professional associations, private companies, institutes and publications. These resources would be useful for community and technical college recruitment as well as educators and counselors looking to encourage girls and women in technical fields.

2012-10-25

100

Information encoding by spectral anomalies of spatially coherent light diffracted by an annular aperture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extensive experimental study is carried out to investigate spectral behavior of spatially polychromatic coherent light diffracted by an annular aperture. It is found that the spectrum at the observation plane exhibits anomalous behavior after passing through the annular aperture. Experimental observations show that at a particular diffraction angle, the diffracted spectrum splits into two halves, while at other diffraction angles the spectrum either shifts towards lower wavelengths (blue-shift) or shifts towards higher wavelengths (red-shift). These spectral changes take place in the vicinity of the dark ring of the Airy pattern. Moreover, the behavior of the spectrum in the Fraunhofer region around a small circular loop centered at a critical direction is also studied and it is found that these spectral changes are qualitatively different from the spectral changes of the spectrum of the focused waves on a circle centered at the singular point. It is discussed in detail that such spectral anomalies of spatially coherent light may be exploited for information encoding and information hiding for free-space communications. The possibility to entangle bits in the spectral anomalies is also proposed. Such technique might be very useful to improve the throughput of information transmission in free space.

Yadav, B. K.; Rizvi, S. A. M.; Raman, Swati; Mehrotra, R.; Kandpal, H. C.

2007-01-01

101

Careers Resources for Indian Students INDIA CAREER RESOURCES -Important Sources of Information  

E-print Network

Careers Resources for Indian Students INDIA CAREER RESOURCES - Important Sources of Information Job and even subscribe to job alerts, by registering. Speculative resumes/applications are processed carefully purposes. LinkedIn is the most popular networking site for early and exp

Royal Holloway, University of London

102

Drug Abuse Information, Teacher Resource Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This informational publication is to be used as an aid for teachers, bringing them basic facts regarding drugs and drug abuse. Its purpose is to (1) give additional teacher background information and (2) enrich any course of study that has been developed on drug abuse. To use the material most effectively, it is suggested the teacher have an

Bowen, Haskell, Comp.

103

36 CFR 293.15 - Gathering information about resources other than minerals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information about resources other than minerals. 293.15 Section 293.15 Parks...information about resources other than minerals. (a) The Chief, Forest Service...information about resources, other than minerals, in National Forest...

2010-07-01

104

[Harmonic analysis fusion of hyperspectral image and its spectral information fidelity evaluation].  

PubMed

Combined with the Hyperion hyperspectral image and ALI high spatial resolution band of the EO-1 satellite, the paper puts forward the harmonic analysis fusion (HAF) algorithm of hyperspectral image and the derivative spectral d-value's information entropy (DSD-IE) model of the spectral-fused information fidelity evaluation. Through calculating and evaluating some parameters such as the DSD-IE values, average gradient and standard deviation of the sample spectra meanwhile compared with the fused hyperspectral images by the traditional methods like the principal component analysis (PCA), Gram-Schmidt and wavelet, the fused hyperspectral iamge by the HAF has proved to have the higher information degree of spatial integration and spectral fidelity, and the better superiorities in the reliability, accuracy and applicability. PMID:24369660

Yang, Keming; Zhang, Tao; Wang, Li-bo; Qian, Xiao-li; Wang, Lin-wei; Liu, Shi-wen

2013-09-01

105

Resources: Where to Find Information on Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography lists organizations and publications in the following categories: general information on aging, career guidance, curriculum materials, education and training, family services, health care, intergenerational programs, nutrition, opportunities for older adults, program development, and research. (SK)

Vocational Education Journal, 1990

1990-01-01

106

Biomedical Applications of the Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS)  

SciTech Connect

The Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS) approach to spectral imaging seeks to bridge the gap between tuned multispectral and fixed hyperspectral imaging sensors. By allowing the definition of completely general spectral filter functions, truly optimal measurements can be made for a given task. These optimal measurements significantly improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and speed, minimize data volume and data rate, while preserving classification accuracy. The following paper investigates the application of the ISIS sensing approach in two sample biomedical applications: prostate and colon cancer screening. It is shown that in these applications, two to three optimal measurements are sufficient to capture the majority of classification information for critical sample constituents. In the prostate cancer example, the optimal measurements allow 8% relative improvement in classification accuracy of critical cell constituents over a red, green, blue (RGB) sensor. In the colon cancer example, use of optimal measurements boost the classification accuracy of critical cell constituents by 28% relative to the RGB sensor. In both cases, optimal measurements match the performance achieved by the entire hyperspectral data set. The paper concludes that an ISIS style spectral imager can acquire these optimal spectral images directly, allowing improved classification accuracy over an RGB sensor. Compared to a hyperspectral sensor, the ISIS approach can achieve similar classification accuracy using a significantly lower number of spectral samples, thus minimizing overall sample classification time and cost.

Gentry, S.M.; Levenson, R.

1999-01-21

107

An Internet health care information resources server as a component of a statewide medical information network.  

PubMed

A health care information server utilizing Internet resource discovery technology is presented as a component of a statewide medical information network. The development of an information server, including the development process and its design and operation, is presented. Menu design and implementation, which involved providing access to information resources in support of the tasks that make up the health care delivery process, are described. The potential impact of this technology on the health care delivery process is explored, and ways in which access to information can be facilitated and matched with the information needs of the various health care delivery tasks are identified. Issues associated with the use of public domain information resources are discussed, including control over Internet resources, access to information resources, network operational delays, client connection and software availability, information quality, and menu navigation. This project has demonstrated that Internet information resources exist that match the information needs of the tasks that make up the health care delivery process. Positive response has been received from physicians after initial utilization of the server in a stand-alone context. In the future, more applications will integrate the vast information resources on the Internet with traditional computing systems. PMID:10144370

McColligan, E E; Samuell, R L; Jones, W T; Moon, W A; Pretnar, S Z; Johns, M L

1995-08-01

108

Spectral 1/f noise derived from extremized physical information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the evolution of a temporal signal X(t) that is an intrinsic random field of order zero. In the sense of a certain measurement-estimation experiment, the state of disorder of X(t) should increase toward an equilibrium state. The disorder of X(t) is measured by its ``physical information'' scrI, and the equilibrium state is determined by the condition that scrI be an extremum. The equilibrium state is shown to have a power spectrum S(?) of the form ?-?,1<=?<=2, that of 1/f noise.

Frieden, B. Roy; Hughes, Roy J.

1994-04-01

109

Strategic Plan for Information Resources, 1999-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information resources (IR) planning document for Stephen F. Austin State University (Texas) is divided into three main sections corresponding to the organization of IR among three departments. The University Information Systems section contains: an executive summary; introduction/IR vision; external/internal assessment of planning factors and

Jennings, Michael A.

110

Combining Multiple Resources, Evidence and Criteria for Genomic Information Retrieval  

E-print Network

Combining Multiple Resources, Evidence and Criteria for Genomic Information Retrieval Luo Si1 , Jie toolkit for language modeling and information retrieval (version 4.2)1 constitute the backbone of our 15213, USA {jielu, callan}@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT We participated in the passage retrieval and aspect

Callan, Jamie

111

Current Issues for Higher Education Information Resources Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some emerging issues for information resources and use in higher education, including challenges in advanced networking; distributed-information technology (IT); authentication, authorization, and access management; distance learning; intellectual property in a networked environment; and campus-business continuity planning. Funding,

CAUSE/EFFECT, 1999

1999-01-01

112

Business Information Centres: New Resources Are Not Used.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from survey of Canadian information centers specializing in business, economics, or finance (corporate library, government department library, fee-based service, commercial database, association information center). Questions focused on three broad categories: human resources organization, relative use of different types of

Drummond, Janet

1984-01-01

113

Human resources management main role in information technology project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today the information technology is indeed a base of development for countries and a benchmark practice for leading and successful organizations. Success in this area depends on the success of micro and macro projects of information technology, and this success is not achievable unless all aspects, especially the most valuable element, e.g. the human resources, are considered. Because the policies

Hamid Tohidi

2011-01-01

114

SMALL BUSINESS INFORMATION RESOURCES Dec 27, 2011 -Page 1  

E-print Network

-mail: Susan_C_Johnson@orp.doe.gov Kelly Brazil Small Business Program P.O. Box 450, H6-60 Richland, WashingtonSMALL BUSINESS INFORMATION RESOURCES Dec 27, 2011 - Page 1 U.S. Department of Energy - Richland on "Business Opportunities" listed under the Information section. This page provides links to the Department

115

Information empowerment: predeparture resource training for students in global health*  

PubMed Central

The Taubman Health Sciences Library (THL) collaborates with health sciences schools to provide information skills instruction for students preparing for international experiences. THL enhances students' global health learning through predeparture instruction for students who are involved in global health research, clinical internships, and international collaborations. This includes teaching international literature searching skills, providing country-specific data sources, building awareness of relevant mobile resources, and encouraging investigation of international news. Information skills empower creation of stronger global partnerships. Use of information resources has enhanced international research and training experiences, built lifelong learning foundations, and contributed to the university's global engagement. THL continues to assess predeparture instruction. PMID:24860266

Rana, Gurpreet K.

2014-01-01

116

Risk assessment activities at NIOSH: Information resources and needs  

SciTech Connect

Under the Occupational Safety and Health, and Mine Safety and Health Acts, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is charged with development of recommended occupational safety and health standards, and with conducting research to support the development of these standards. Thus, NIOSH has been actively involved in the analysis of risk associated with occupational exposures, and in the development of research information that is critical for the risk assessment process. NIOSH research programs and other information resources relevant to the risk assessment process are described in this paper. Future needs for information resources are also discussed.

Stayner, L.T.; Meinhardt, T.; Hardin, B. [National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1990-12-31

117

Energy Guide: A Directory of Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is a collection of various information sources pertaining to energy. The chapters separate references according to the type of material (instructional aids, texts, periodicals, reference materials), or the issuing organization (non-government organizations, government services, courses, programs, centers, and research projects). One

Bemis, Virginia; And Others

118

Natural Resources Conservation Service: Climate Information Retrieval  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive map allows users to access climate information down to the county level for states or territories of the United States. The data includes wetlands, Temperature and Precipitation Summaries (TAPS), frost free days, and growing season. It is in table or text form, with metadata, and is downloadable.

119

INFORM Lab: a testbed for high-level information fusion and resource management  

Microsoft Academic Search

DRDC Valcartier and MDA have created an advanced simulation testbed for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of Network Enabled Operations in a Coastal Wide Area Surveillance situation, with algorithms provided by several universities. This INFORM Lab testbed allows experimenting with high-level distributed information fusion, dynamic resource management and configuration management, given multiple constraints on the resources and their communications

Pierre Valin; Adel Guitouni; Eloi Boss; Hans Wehn; Jens Happe

2011-01-01

120

Unconventional Energy Resources and Geospatial Information: 2006 Review  

SciTech Connect

This article contains a brief summary of some of the 2006 annual committee reports presented to the Energy Minerals Division (EMD) of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. The purpose of the reports is to advise EMD leadership and members of the current status of research and developments of energy resources (other than conventional oil and natural gas that typically occur in sandstone and carbonate rocks), energy economics, and geospatial information. This summary presented here by the EMD is a service to the general geologic community. Included in this summary are reviews of the current research and activities related to coal, coalbed methane, gas hydrates, gas shales, geospatial information technology related to energy resources, geothermal resources, oil sands, and uranium resources.

NONE

2007-09-15

121

Development of Dalian Groundwater Resources Management Geographical Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the shortage of groundwater resources and the excessive exploitation in Dalian, the groundwater resources management geographical information system is developed to improve the management efficiency. Firstly, the system structure and the function modules are designed. The mix structure with C\\/S(Client\\/Server) and B\\/S(Browser\\/Server) is adopted and the system is separated into eight modules: groundwater exploitation management, groundwater permission management, groundwater

Fangjie Cong; Yanfang Diao

2010-01-01

122

Remote Sensing Image Segmentation and Object Extraction Based on Spectral and Texture Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increasing availability of remote sensing data and the growing demand on geoinformation for various kinds of spatial management issues have catalyzed the development of new methods to analyze and understand collected data more effectively and efficiently. This dissertation investigates two critical tasks in remote sensing data analysis, image segmentation and object extraction based on exploiting spectral and texture information. Locally excitatory globally inhibitory oscillator network (LEGION) provides a general framework that is capable of segmenting images and extracting objects of interest. We incorporate spectral information from multiple bands into LEGION networks, which are applied to extracting seagrass patches from hyperspectral data. Based on the LEGION framework, we develop a new automatic road extraction method using the medial axis transform and alignment-dependent connections. The evaluation using a road extraction benchmark dataset shows that our method produces improved results. We propose a new texture segmentation method. Local spectral histograms are feature vectors consisting of histograms of chosen filter responses, which capture both texture and nontexture information. For an N-pixel image, we construct an MN feature matrix using M-dimensional feature vectors. Based on the observation that each feature can be approximated through a linear combination of several representative features, we express the feature matrix as a product of two matrices - one consisting of the representative features, and the other containing the weights of representative features at each pixel used for linear combination. When representative features are manually given, the segmentation result is obtained by least squares estimation. With unknown representative features, we utilize singular value decomposition and nonnegative matrix factorization to factor the feature matrix, which leads to segmentation results. The scale issue is also investigated, and an algorithm is presented to automatically select proper scales. This algorithm does not require segmentation at multiple scale levels. We apply the proposed segmentation method to combined spectral-texture segmentation for remote sensing images. Local spectral histograms can capture spectral and texture information by applying different filters to spectral bands. The proposed method integrates the information to produce segmentation. We conduct experiments on texture and natural image datasets to show the effectiveness of our approach. To evaluate the performance of the method on combined spectral and texture segmentation, we test our method on IKONOS panchromatic/multispectral bundled images. The comparison with other methods demonstrates that the proposed method improves segmentation accuracy by 14% on the testing images.

Yuan, Jiangye

123

Using spectral information from the NIR water absorption features for the retrieval of canopy water content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Canopy water content (CWC) is important for mapping and monitoring the condition of the terrestrial ecosystem. Spectral information related to the water absorption features at 970 nm and 1200 nm offers possibilities for deriving information on CWC. In this study, we compare the use of derivative spectra, spectral indices and continuum removal techniques for these regions. Hyperspectral reflectance data representing a range of canopies were simulated using the combined PROSPECT + SAILH model. Best results in estimating CWC were obtained by using spectral derivatives at the slopes of the 970 nm and 1200 nm water absorption features. Real data from two different test sites were analysed. Spectral information at both test sites was obtained with an ASD FieldSpec spectrometer, whereas at the second site HyMap airborne imaging spectrometer data were also acquired. Best results were obtained for the derivative spectra. In order to avoid the potential influence of atmospheric water vapour absorption bands the derivative of the reflectance on the right slope of the canopy water absorption feature at 970 nm can best be used for estimating CWC.

Clevers, J. G. P. W.; Kooistra, L.; Schaepman, M. E.

2008-09-01

124

Iterative Evaluation of a Web-Based Health Information Resource  

PubMed Central

This paper presents the research process and methods used to evaluate and improve a web-based health information resource intended for the public. The resource is called Community Connect to Research (CC2R) (www.connecttoresearch.org). The research process was an iterative one that involved collaboration with many partners. Two formal evaluations were conducted in 2009 and 2010 using key informant interviews, usability interviews, focus groups, an online survey, and readability and suitability assessment tools. These methods provided us with users perspective on the overall design, content, and literacy demands of the web site as well as valuable feedback on their interaction with the web site. We subsequently redesigned CC2R, making significant improvements based on what we learned from the evaluation. The second evaluation revealed that the redesign addressed many issues found in the first evaluation and identified additional areas of possible improvement. Overall, both evaluations suggested that participants believed that the web site was useful and valuable, indicating that CC2R is indeed a health information resource that provides patients and families with accessible, relevant, and high-quality information. Our experience suggests that regular formal evaluation is an essential tool for effective ongoing enhancement of health information resources meant for the public. PMID:23577665

ROSENFELD, LINDSAY; SHEPHERD, AMY; AGUNWAMBA, AMENAH A.; McCRAY, ALEXA T.

2013-01-01

125

Innovative and effective internet information systems for natural resource managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet enables data and information to be provided to a wide range of clients from government, industry and the community. Internet applications developed by the Bureau of Rural Sciences that use online mapping to provide access to natural resources data include the Bioenergy Atlas of Australia (http:\\/\\/www.brs.gov.au\\/bioenergy_atlas) and a national Plantations Information Network (http:\\/\\/www.brs.gov.au\\/plantations). In recent years, these applications

A. J. Roppola; A. L. Bugg

2004-01-01

126

HIV-AIDS Information Resources from the NLM - ACIO  

SciTech Connect

As the treatment and management of HIV/AIDS continues to evolve with new scientific breakthroughs, treatment discoveries, and management challenges, it is difficult for people living with HIV/AIDS and those who care for them to keep up with the latest information on HIV/AIDS screening and testing, prevention, treatment, and research. The National Library of Medicine (NLM), of the National Institutes of Health, has a wealth of health information resources freely available on the Internet to address these needs.

Templin-Branner, W.

2010-10-01

127

The Body: An AIDS and HIV Information Resource  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Body Health Resources Corporation (BHRC) is responsible for this site, a wide-ranging collection of resources related to AIDS and HIV. The Body acts as a clearinghouse for experts and organizations to exchange information with each other and make it available to the public. The sources of information are varied, from the Center for Disease Control to POZ magazine to individual people with AIDS, and the site is consequently comprehensive, even contradictory at times. Articles on treatment, quality of life, and governmental issues are complemented by action alerts, conference announcements, and electronic forums, to name just some of the resources available here. In short, The Body has something to offer anyone interested in or living with AIDS or HIV.

1998-01-01

128

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Sustainable Agriculture Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains the following categories of information related to sustainable agriculture: Bibliographies of articles and research publications, searchable sites and databases, educational resources for elementary, high school, and college instructors, and lists of people and institutions that are involved in researching or promoting sustainable agriculture.

2008-10-13

129

The World at Your Fingertips Global Health Information Resources  

E-print Network

The World at Your Fingertips Global Health Information Resources: An Introductory Tour Gurpreet K. Rana, MLIS Global Health Coordinator Taubman Health Sciences Library preet@umich.edu #12;· establishing long-term goals and effective strategies to meet global health objectives · developing partnerships

Eustice, Ryan

130

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring ``global visualization`` onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua

1992-09-01

131

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring global visualization'' onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua.

1992-01-01

132

Information Resources and Literature Searching October 15, 2007  

E-print Network

http://www.guideline.gov/ Office of Rare Diseases http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/ U.S. NationalInformation Resources and Literature Searching October 15, 2007 General Pathology & Pharmacology Mycobacterial Infections R2 Library eJournals American Journal of Infection Control: AJIC Science Direct

Kim, Duck O.

133

North Carolina Community College System Information Resources and Technology Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The North Carolina Community College System engaged in a strategic planning process in 1998 that was the basis for the information resources and technology plans for the entire System. A focus of the planning was technology, and a technology environmental scanning team developed a set of planning assumptions, which led to the creation of 15 goals

North Carolina Community Coll. System, Raleigh.

134

Information Retrieval from SAGE II and MFRSR Multi-Spectral Extinction Measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Direct beam spectral extinction measurements of solar radiation contain important information on atmospheric composition in a form that is essentially free from multiple scattering contributions that otherwise tend to complicate the data analysis and information retrieval. Such direct beam extinction measurements are available from the solar occultation satellite-based measurements made by the Stratospheric and Aerosol Gas Experiment (SAGE II) instrument and by ground-based Multi-Filter Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSRs). The SAGE II data provide cross-sectional slices of the atmosphere twice per orbit at seven wavelengths between 385 and 1020 nm with approximately 1 km vertical resolution, while the MFRSR data provide atmospheric column measurements at six wavelengths between 415 and 940 nm but at one minute time intervals. We apply the same retrieval technique of simultaneous least-squares fit to the observed spectral extinctions to retrieve aerosol optical depth, effective radius and variance, and ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and water vapor amounts from the SAGE II and MFRSR measurements. The retrieval technique utilizes a physical model approach based on laboratory measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide extinction, line-by-line and numerical k-distribution calculations for water vapor absorption, and Mie scattering constraints on aerosol spectral extinction properties. The SAGE II measurements have the advantage of being self-calibrating in that deep space provides an effective zero point for the relative spectral extinctions. The MFRSR measurements require periodic clear-day Langley regression calibration events to maintain accurate knowledge of instrument calibration.

Lacis, Andrew A.; Hansen, James E. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

135

Combining spatial and spectral information to improve crop/weed discrimination algorithms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reduction of herbicide spraying is an important key to environmentally and economically improve weed management. To achieve this, remote sensors such as imaging systems are commonly used to detect weed plants. We developed spatial algorithms that detect the crop rows to discriminate crop from weeds. These algorithms have been thoroughly tested and provide robust and accurate results without learning process but their detection is limited to inter-row areas. Crop/Weed discrimination using spectral information is able to detect intra-row weeds but generally needs a prior learning process. We propose a method based on spatial and spectral information to enhance the discrimination and overcome the limitations of both algorithms. The classification from the spatial algorithm is used to build the training set for the spectral discrimination method. With this approach we are able to improve the range of weed detection in the entire field (inter and intra-row). To test the efficiency of these algorithms, a relevant database of virtual images issued from SimAField model has been used and combined to LOPEX93 spectral database. The developed method based is evaluated and compared with the initial method in this paper and shows an important enhancement from 86% of weed detection to more than 95%.

Yan, L.; Jones, G.; Villette, S.; Paoli, J. N.; Ge, C.

2012-01-01

136

MCWAH POST-SHIFT FATIGUE RESOURCES Hospital resources and contact information for housestaff too fatigued to safely return home.  

E-print Network

MCWAH POST-SHIFT FATIGUE RESOURCES Hospital resources and contact information for housestaff too fatigued to safely return home. Revised: January 1, 2014 Specific room information is available\\MCWAH Post-Shift Fatigue Resources Table External Use Version 010114.docx #12;

137

Iterative evaluation of a web-based health information resource.  

PubMed

This article presents the research process and methods used to evaluate and improve a web-based health information resource, called "Community Connect to Research," intended for the public. The research process was iterative and involved collaboration with many partners. Two formal evaluations were conducted in 2009 and 2010 using key informant interviews, usability interviews, focus groups, an online survey, and readability and suitability assessment tools. These methods provided users' perspectives on the overall design, content, and literacy demands of the website as well as valuable feedback on their interaction with the website. The authors subsequently redesigned Community Connect to Research, making significant improvements on the basis of what they learned from the evaluation. The second evaluation revealed that the redesign addressed many issues found in the first evaluation and identified additional areas of possible improvement. Overall, both evaluations suggested that participants believed that the website was useful and valuable, indicating that Community Connect to Research is a health information resource that provides patients and families with accessible, relevant, and high-quality information. Regular formal evaluation is an essential tool for effective ongoing enhancement of health information resources meant for the public. PMID:23577665

Rosenfeld, Lindsay; Shepherd, Amy; Agunwamba, Amenah A; McCray, Alexa T

2013-08-01

138

Continuous real-time water information: an important Kansas resource  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Continuous real-time information on streams, lakes, and groundwater is an important Kansas resource that can safeguard lives and property, and ensure adequate water resources for a healthy State economy. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) operates approximately 230 water-monitoring stations at Kansas streams, lakes, and groundwater sites. Most of these stations are funded cooperatively in partnerships with local, tribal, State, or other Federal agencies. The USGS real-time water-monitoring network provides long-term, accurate, and objective information that meets the needs of many customers. Whether the customer is a water-management or water-quality agency, an emergency planner, a power or navigational official, a farmer, a canoeist, or a fisherman, all can benefit from the continuous real-time water information gathered by the USGS.

Loving, Brian L.; Putnam, James E.; Turk, Donita M.

2014-01-01

139

High-speed spectral infrared imaging of spark ignition engine combustion. (Reannouncement with new availability information)  

SciTech Connect

In-cylinder flame propagation and its impact on thermal characteristics of the combustion chamber were studied by using a new high-speed spectral infrared imaging system. In this work, successive spectral IR images of combustion chamber events were captured while varying several parameters, including fuel/air, spark timing, speed, and warming-up period. Some investigation of cyclic variation, knock, and high-temperature components during the non-combustion period was also conducted. It was found that the spectral images obtained in both short and long wavelength bands exhibited unique pieces of in-cylinder information, i.e., (qualitative) distributions of temperature and combustion products, respectively. During the combustion period, the temperature of early-formed combustion products continued to increase while the flame front temperature, e.g. near the end gas zone, remained relatively low. The exhaust valve emitted strong radiation starting from the early stage of the combustion period. The spark plug emitted the strongest radiation during the non-combustion period. Considerable cyclic variation in growth of the flame front and completion of the reaction was observable. The radiation from both spectral bands became stronger as the engine warm-up period in While operating the engine with the addition of n-heptane in the intake to produce knock, we captured spectral IR images of the end gas right before it was abruptly consumed. The combustion products that were formed in the end-gas volume upon knock, showed no evidence of higher temperature than other zones in the combustion chamber.... Spectral infrared imaging, High-speed, Digital data, Instantaneous distribution, Spark ignition combustion.

McComiskey, T.; Jiang, H.; Qian, Y.; Rhee, K.T.; Kent, J.C.

1993-03-05

140

Spectral Coding of Three-Dimensional Mesh Geometry Information Using Dual Graph  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, we propose a new scheme for the geometry coding of three-dimensional (3-D) mesh models using a dual graph.\\u000a In order to compress the mesh geometry information, we generate a fixed spectral basis using the dual graph derived from the\\u000a mesh topology. After we partition a 3-D mesh model into several independent submeshes to reduce coding complexity, each

Sung-yeol Kim; Seung-uk Yoon; Yo-sung Ho

2004-01-01

141

Information systems on human resources for health: a global review  

PubMed Central

Background Although attainment of the health-related Millennium Development Goals relies on countries having adequate numbers of human resources for health (HRH) and their appropriate distribution, global understanding of the systems used to generate information for monitoring HRH stock and flows, known as human resources information systems (HRIS), is minimal. While HRIS are increasingly recognized as integral to health system performance assessment, baseline information regarding their scope and capability around the world has been limited. We conducted a review of the available literature on HRIS implementation processes in order to draw this baseline. Methods Our systematic search initially retrieved 11 923 articles in four languages published in peer-reviewed and grey literature. Following the selection of those articles which detailed HRIS implementation processes, reviews of their contents were conducted using two-person teams, each assigned to a national system. A data abstraction tool was developed and used to facilitate objective assessment. Results Ninety-five articles with relevant HRIS information were reviewed, mostly from the grey literature, which comprised 84?% of all documents. The articles represented 63 national HRIS and two regionally integrated systems. Whereas a high percentage of countries reported the capability to generate workforce supply and deployment data, few systems were documented as being used for HRH planning and decision-making. Of the systems examined, only 23?% explicitly stated they collect data on workforce attrition. The majority of countries experiencing crisis levels of HRH shortages (56?%) did not report data on health worker qualifications or professional credentialing as part of their HRIS. Conclusion Although HRIS are critical for evidence-based human resource policy and practice, there is a dearth of information about these systems, including their current capabilities. The absence of standardized HRIS profiles (including documented processes for data collection, management, and use) limits understanding of the availability and quality of information that can be used to support effective and efficient HRH strategies and investments at the national, regional, and global levels. PMID:22546089

2012-01-01

142

Multiagent simulation of protection of information resources in internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach to investigation of mechanisms of protection of information resources on the Internet based on multiagent simulation\\u000a is proposed. According to this approach, protection systems are considered as interacting teams of intellectual agents. The\\u000a architecture and program implementation of the simulation environment providing a possibility of integration of simulation\\u000a on the basis of discrete events, multiagent approach, and simulation

I. V. Kotenko; A. V. Ulanov

2007-01-01

143

Osh.Net: Gateway for Safety & Health Information Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained on a for-profit basis by WorkCare, this metasite offers over 1,300 links to occupational safety and health information and resources. The heart of the site is the Health & Safety Index, which lists sites by topic in fourteen categories. Some, but not all, of these links are briefly annotated, and banner ads are interspersed. Other content includes feature articles, a FAQ, an internal search engine, a bulletin board, employment postings, and a free newsletter.

144

75 FR 21592 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Natural Resource Damage Assessment Restoration...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Natural Resource Damage Assessment Restoration Project Information...state and federal Natural Resource Trustees in more efficiently...restoration planning phase of Natural Resource Damage Assessments (NRDA), in...

2010-04-26

145

78 FR 42755 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Natural Resource Damage Assessment Restoration...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Natural Resource Damage Assessment Restoration Project Information...state and federal Natural Resource Trustees in more efficiently...restoration planning phase of Natural Resource Damage Assessments (NRDA), in...

2013-07-17

146

Mapping leaf area index using spatial, spectral, and temporal information from multiple sensors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Leaves are the interface for energy, water and gaseous exchanges between the terrestrial ecosystem and the atmosphere. Leaf area index (LAI) is one of the most important biophysical parameters for modeling ecosystem processes such as carbon and water fluxes. Remote sensing provides the only feasible option for mapping LAI continuously over landscapes, but existing methodologies have significant limitations. There is a tradeoff between spatial and temporal resolutions inherent in remotely sensed images, i.e. high spatial resolution images may only be collected infrequently, whereas imagery with fine temporal resolution has necessarily coarser spatial resolution. LAI products created using a single sensor inherit the spatial and temporal characteristics of that sensor. Moreover, the majority of developed algorithms in the literature use spectral information alone, which suffers from the serious limitation of signal saturation at moderately high LAI. We developed a novel approach for mapping effective LAI (Le) using spectral information from Landsat, spatial information from IKONOS, and temporal information from MODIS, which overcomes these limitations. The approach is based on an empirical model developed between Le measured on the ground and spectral and spatial information from remotely sensed images to map annual maximum and minimum Le. A phenological model was fit to a time series of MODIS vegetation indices which was used to model the trajectory between annual minimum and maximum Le. This approach was able to generate maps of Le at Landsat spatial resolution with daily temporal resolution. We tested the approach in the North Carolina Piedmont and generated daily maps of Le for a 100 km2 area. Modeled Le compared well with time series of LAI estimates from two AmeriFlux sites within the study area. A comparison of the MODIS LAI product with spatially averaged Le estimates from our model showed general agreement in forested areas, but large differences in developed areas. This model takes advantage of multidimensional information available from multiple remote sensors and offers significant improvements for mapping leaf area index, particularly for forested areas where spectral indices tend to saturate.

Gray, J. M.; Song, C.

2011-12-01

147

Smart Retrieval and Sharing of Information Resources based on Contexts of User-Information Relationships  

E-print Network

-Information Relationships Wai-Kwong Wing, Francis C.M. Lau, Cho-Li Wang Department of Computer Science The University is a relation between the informa- tion resource and the user. It differs from traditional meta- data, which what, where, when, why, who and/or how the information re- source is being assessed or saved

Lau, Francis C.M.

148

Drug Information Units Project: A Resource Directory of Available Drug Education Information at Ashland Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography provides a list of print and nonprint materials available at Ashland Community College (ACC) that deal with drug abuse education and prevention, along with information on other resources. Information on title, vendor, purchase price, and author is available for 10 books; 18 booklets; 2 audiocassette programs; 13 miscellaneous

Ashland Community Coll., KY.

149

A Conversational Mass Spectral Search System. IV. The Evolution of a System for the Retrieval of Mass Spectral Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A prototype of an interactive, conversational mass spectral search system, developed at the National Institutes of Health, has been tested since September 1971 and is now being used by more than 200 scientists in the U.S. and Canada, and will soon be used by the international mass spectrometry community. (17 references) (SJ)

Heller, Stephen R.; And Others

1973-01-01

150

Construction of filter vectors for the information-efficient spectral imaging sensor  

SciTech Connect

The information-efficient spectral imaging sensor (ISIS) seeks to improve system performance by processing hyperspectral information in the optical hardware. Its output may be a gray scale image in which one attempts to maximize the contrast between a given target and the background. Alternatively, its output may be a small number of images, rather than a full data cube, that retain the essential information required in the application. The principal advantage of ISIS is that it offers the discrimination of hyperspectral imaging while achieving the signal-to-noise ratio of multispectral imaging. The paper focuses on construction of the filter vectors that are needed to program ISIS. The instrument produces an image which is essentially a dot product of the scene and the filter vector. Both single vector and multiple vector approaches are considered. Also, they discuss some subtle points related to optimizing the filter vectors.

Stallard, B.R.; Gentry, S.M.

1998-12-01

151

Integration of spectral information and photogrammetric DSM for urban areas classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The automated classification of urban areas in one of the main topic in the Geomatics domain. Several papers dealing with this topic have been already presented in the last decade. Most of these approaches uses multi-spectral or LiDAR data or both of them as input. In this paper, an algorithm for urban areas classification based only on overlapping RGB images is presented. The integration of radiometric and geometric information derived from aerial images is exploited in order to extract the three main classes of urban areas (i.e. building, vegetation and road) in automated way and without prior information. A photogrammetric Digital Surface Model (DSM) is firstly generated applying dense image matching techniques and this information as well as some spatial features provided by morphological filters are combined to derive a first classification. Subsequently, a thematic classification of the surveyed areas is performed considering the surface's reflectance in the visible spectrum of the used images and the multi-image information provided by the overlapping images. Range and image information are so merged in an algorithm that allows the reciprocal and iterative sharing of information in order to increase the reliability and completeness of the classification process. After a detailed description of the algorithm, the achieved results over dense urban areas are shown and discussed.

Nex, F.; Dalla Mura, M.; Remondino, F.

2013-10-01

152

77 FR 40693 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS-5506, Local U.S. Citizen Skills/Resources...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS-5506...U.S. Citizen Skills/Resources Survey...1995. Title of Information Collection: Local U.S. Citizen Skills/Resources Survey...method of gathering information about skills and resources...

2012-07-10

153

77 FR 24247 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS-5506, Local U.S. Citizen Skills/Resources...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS-5506...U.S. Citizen Skills/Resources Survey...1995. Title of Information Collection: Local U.S. Citizen Skills/Resources Survey...method of gathering information about skills and resources...

2012-04-23

154

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, PubReader, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Primer-BLAST, COBALT, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, ClinVar, MedGen, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:24259429

Acland, Abigail; Agarwala, Richa; Barrett, Tanya; Beck, Jeff; Benson, Dennis A.; Bollin, Colleen; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Church, Deanna M.; Clark, Karen; DiCuccio, Michael; Dondoshansky, Ilya; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Gorelenkov, Viatcheslav; Hoeppner, Marilu; Johnson, Mark; Kelly, Christopher; Khotomlianski, Viatcheslav; Kimchi, Avi; Kimelman, Michael; Kitts, Paul; Krasnov, Sergey; Kuznetsov, Anatoliy; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Murphy, Terence; Ostell, James; O'Sullivan, Christopher; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Don Preussm Kim D.; Rubinstein, Wendy; Sayers, Eric W.; Schneider, Valerie; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Siyan, Karanjit; Slotta, Douglas; Soboleva, Alexandra; Soussov, Vladimir; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Trawick, Bart W.; Vakatov, Denis; Wang, Yanli; Ward, Minghong; John Wilbur, W.; Yaschenko, Eugene; Zbicz, Kerry

2014-01-01

155

Plastics Resource: Information on Plastics and the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Plastics Council (APC) maintains the Plastics Resource: Information on Plastics and the Environment Web site. The APC, which is a major trade association for the US plastics industry, works to promote the benefits of plastics and the plastics industry. Visitors to the site can learn the development history of plastics and how they contribute to our health and safety in the Plastics 101 link. They can also find out how plastics are actually environmentally friendly, how much they really contribute to landfills, how plastic can protect the groundwater, and much more. Although the site is well designed and enjoyable to explore, readers should understand the likely biases associated with organization presenting the information.

2000-01-01

156

CAISE: A NSF Resource Center for Informal Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal science education (ISE) is playing an increasingly important role in how and where the public engages with science. A growing body of research is showing that people learn the majority of their science knowledge outside of school (Falk & Dierking, 2010). The ISE field includes a wide variety of sources, including the internet, TV programs, magazines, hobby clubs and museums. These experiences touch large numbers of people throughout their lifetimes. If you would like to share your research with the public, ISE can be an effective conduit for meaningful science communication. However, because the ISE field is so diverse, it can be overwhelming with its multiple entry points. If you already are part of an ISE initiative, knowing how to access the most useful resources easily can also be daunting. CAISE, the Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education, is a resource center for the ISE field funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). CAISE can help connect you to the knowledge and people of ISE, through its website, products and in-person convenings. The proposed CAISE presentation will outline the diversity of the field and concisely present data that will make the case for the impact of ISE. We will focus on examples of successful programs that connect science with the public and that bring together AAS's science research community with practitioners and researchers within ISE. Pathways to various ISE resources in the form of current CAISE initiatives will be described as well. The presentation will include an interview section in which a CAISE staff member will ask questions of a scientist involved in an ISE initiative in order to detail one example of how ISE can be a valuable tool for engaging the public in science. Time for audience Q&A also will be included in the session.

Dickow, Benjamin

2012-01-01

157

Effects of decreasing resolution on spectral and spatial information content in an agricultural area. [Pottawatmie study site, Iowa and Nebraska  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The effects of decreasing spatial resolution from 6 1/4 miles square to 50 miles square are described. The effects of increases in cell size is studied on; the mean and variance of spectral data; spatial trends; and vegetative index numbers. Information content changes on cadastral, vegetal, soil, water and physiographic information are summarized.

1983-01-01

158

An ensemble method based on uninformative variable elimination and mutual information for spectral multivariate calibration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the combination of uninformative variable elimination (UVE), bootstrap and mutual information (MI), a simple ensemble algorithm, named ESPLS, is proposed for spectral multivariate calibration (MVC). In ESPLS, those uninformative variables are first removed; and then a preparatory training set is produced by bootstrap, on which a MI spectrum of retained variables is calculated. The variables that exhibit higher MI than a defined threshold form a subspace on which a candidate partial least-squares (PLS) model is constructed. This process is repeated. After a number of candidate models are obtained, a small part of models is picked out to construct an ensemble model by simple/weighted average. Four near/mid-infrared (NIR/MIR) spectral datasets concerning the determination of six components are used to verify the proposed ESPLS. The results indicate that ESPLS is superior to UVEPLS and its combination with MI-based variable selection (SPLS) in terms of both the accuracy and robustness. Besides, from the perspective of end-users, ESPLS does not increase the complexity of a calibration when enhancing its performance.

Tan, Chao; Wang, Jinyue; Wu, Tong; Qin, Xin; Li, Menglong

2010-12-01

159

INFORM Lab: a testbed for high-level information fusion and resource management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DRDC Valcartier and MDA have created an advanced simulation testbed for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of Network Enabled Operations in a Coastal Wide Area Surveillance situation, with algorithms provided by several universities. This INFORM Lab testbed allows experimenting with high-level distributed information fusion, dynamic resource management and configuration management, given multiple constraints on the resources and their communications networks. This paper describes the architecture of INFORM Lab, the essential concepts of goals and situation evidence, a selected set of algorithms for distributed information fusion and dynamic resource management, as well as auto-configurable information fusion architectures. The testbed provides general services which include a multilayer plug-and-play architecture, and a general multi-agent framework based on John Boyd's OODA loop. The testbed's performance is demonstrated on 2 types of scenarios/vignettes for 1) cooperative search-and-rescue efforts, and 2) a noncooperative smuggling scenario involving many target ships and various methods of deceit. For each mission, an appropriate subset of Canadian airborne and naval platforms are dispatched to collect situation evidence, which is fused, and then used to modify the platform trajectories for the most efficient collection of further situation evidence. These platforms are fusion nodes which obey a Command and Control node hierarchy.

Valin, Pierre; Guitouni, Adel; Boss, Eloi; Wehn, Hans; Happe, Jens

2011-05-01

160

An Information-Theoretic Approach to Resource Consumption Minimization for Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information-theoretic limits on resource consumption are employed to obtain analytical methods for conducting tradeoffs between power, bandwidth, and time for cognitive radio transmissions in ad hoc dynamic spectrum access networks. A quantitative measure of resource consumption is applied to the design and evaluation of protocols for adaptive modulation and coding. The application of information theory to the minimization of resource

Michael B. Pursley; Thomas C. Royster IV

2010-01-01

161

Marketing academic library resources and information services to international students from Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to suggest strategies for marketing academic library resources and information services to Asian international students. Compared with those from a Western culture, those students are not as knowledgeable about the library resources and information services in an academic setting. Design\\/methodology\\/approach The paper describes the strategies for marketing academic library resources and

Cuiying Mu

2007-01-01

162

The analysis of forest policy using Landsat multi-spectral scanner data and geographic information systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of Landsat multi-spectral scanner (MSS) data for forest policy analysis in the state of California has been investigated. The combined requirements for physical, socio-economic, and institutional data in policy analysis were studied to explain potential data needs. A statewide MSS data and general land cover classification was created from which country-wide data sets could be extracted for detailed analyses. The potential to combine point sample data with MSS data was examined as a means to improve specificity in estimations. MSS data was incorporated into geographic information systems to demonstrate modeling techniques using abiotic, biotic, and socio-economic data layers. The review of system configurations to help the California Department of Forestry (CDF) acquire the capability demonstrated resulted in a sequence of options for implementation.

Peterson, D. L.; Brass, J. A.; Norman, S. D.; Tosta-Miller, N.

1984-01-01

163

Conference Topic: Integrated Water Resources and Coastal Areas Management National Water Information Systems: A Tool to Support Integrated Water Resources  

E-print Network

of natural disasters; and reduced water quality due to pollution from industrial, agricultural and municipalConference Topic: Integrated Water Resources and Coastal Areas Management National Water Information Systems: A Tool to Support Integrated Water Resources Management in the Caribbean Marie-Claire St

Barthelat, Francois

164

The Chinese Educational Resources Information Centre Project (Chinese ERIC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Chinese University of Hong Kong and the Hong Kong Institute of Educational Research, this site features a database of Chinese and English journal article abstracts and educational documents. According to the providers, one of the main objectives of the project is "to use the American Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) system as a reference (and) to provide a bibliographic search of individual words of document resumes (citation abstracts) to users." The database covers authors' names, titles of journal articles, and abstracts in Chinese and/or English. It also provides abstracts of local educational masters' theses and doctoral dissertations. Users can search by keyword or free-text. A list of the academic journals used in the database is also provided.

165

Source Reconstruction for Spectrally-resolved Bioluminescence Tomography with Sparse A priori Information  

PubMed Central

Through restoration of the light source information in small animals in vivo, optical molecular imaging, such as fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) and bioluminescence tomography (BLT), can depict biological and physiological changes observed using molecular probes. A priori information plays an indispensable role in tomographic reconstruction. As a type of a priori information, the sparsity characteristic of the light source has not been sufficiently considered to date. In this paper, we introduce a compressed sensing method to develop a new tomographic algorithm for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography. This method uses the nature of the source sparsity to improve the reconstruction quality with a regularization implementation. Based on verification of the inverse crime, the proposed algorithm is validated with Monte Carlo-based synthetic data and the popular Tikhonov regularization method. Testing with different noise levels and single/multiple source settings at different depths demonstrates the improved performance of this algorithm. Experimental reconstruction with a mouse-shaped phantom further shows the potential of the proposed algorithm. PMID:19434138

Lu, Yujie; Zhang, Xiaoqun; Douraghy, Ali; Stout, David; Tian, Jie; Chan, Tony F.; Chatziioannou, Arion F.

2009-01-01

166

Two-Microphone Noise Reduction Using Spatial Information-Based Spectral Amplitude Estimation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traditional two-microphone noise reduction algorithms to deal with highly nonstationary directional noises generally use the direction of arrival or phase difference information. The performance of these algorithms deteriorate when diffuse noises coexist with nonstationary directional noises in realistic adverse environments. In this paper, we present a two-channel noise reduction algorithm using a spatial information-based speech estimator and a spatial-information-controlled soft-decision noise estimator to improve the noise reduction performance in realistic non-stationary noisy environments. A target presence probability estimator based on Bayes rules using both phase difference and magnitude squared coherence is proposed for soft-decision of noise estimation, so that they can share complementary advantages when both directional noises and diffuse noises are present. Performances of the proposed two-microphone noise reduction algorithm are evaluated by noise reduction, log-spectral distance (LSD) and word recognition rate (WRR) of a distant-talking ASR system in a real room's noisy environment. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm achieves better noises suppression without further distorting the desired signal components over the comparative dual-channel noise reduction algorithms.

Li, Kai; Guo, Yanmeng; Fu, Qiang; Li, Junfeng; Yan, Yonghong

167

75 FR 16173 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements; Comment...the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development...collection titled ``Tribal Energy Resource Agreements (TERAs...information collection is currently authorized by OMB...

2010-03-31

168

78 FR 37567 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1076-0167. Title: Tribal Energy Resource Agreements, 25 CFR...accordance with the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and...Extension without change of currently approved collection...Director for Information Resources. [FR Doc....

2013-06-21

169

75 FR 4836 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements AGENCY...The Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development...collection titled ``Tribal Energy Resource Agreements (TERAs...information collection is currently authorized by OMB...

2010-01-29

170

78 FR 19005 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1076-0167. Title: Tribal Energy Resource Agreements, 25 CFR...accordance with the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and...Extension without change of currently approved collection...Director for Information Resources. [FR Doc....

2013-03-28

171

30 CFR 250.246 - What mineral resource conservation information must accompany the DPP or DOCD?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false What mineral resource conservation information...250.246 Section 250.246 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR...

2010-07-01

172

Species-specific Variation in the Importance of the Spectral Quality Gradient in Canopies as a Signal for Photosynthetic Resource Partitioning  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims Plants adjust the distribution of photosynthetic capacity and chlorophyll to canopy density. The importance of the gradient in the red : far-red ratio (R : FR) relative to the irradiance gradient was studied for its perception with respect to this partitioning of photosynthetic resources. Whether the relative importance of these two signals varied between six species of different growth habit (Phaseolus vulgaris, Lysimachia vulgaris, Hedera helix, Ficus benjamina, Carex acutiformis and Brachypodium pinnatum) was investigated further. Methods Single leaves of plants were shaded in daylight by a spectrally neutral filter or a leaf. In another experiment, leaves were treated with supplemental FR. In most cases, treatment effects were evaluated after 2 weeks. Key Results Nitrogen and photosynthetic capacity (Amax) per leaf area, parameters pertaining to between-leaf resource partitioning, were strongly reduced in neutral shade but not additionally by spectral leaf shade. Supplemental FR reduced these parameters also, except in Carex. Acceleration of induction of senescence was observed in spectral leaf shade in primary bean leaves. Amax per unit chlorophyll, a parameter pertaining to within-leaf resource partitioning, was reduced in neutral shade, but not in spectral leaf shade or supplemental FR. Conclusions Signalling mechanisms associated with perception of the R : FR gradient in canopies were less important than those associated with the irradiance gradient for between-leaf and within-leaf partitioning of photosynthetic resources. The relative importance of the signals differed between species because Carex was the only species for which no indications were found for an involvement of the spectral gradient in perception of canopy density. PMID:15374835

PONS, THIJS L.; de JONG-VAN BERKEL, YVONNE E. M.

2004-01-01

173

Geographic information systems: A critical resource in exposure assessment  

SciTech Connect

Public health professionals are continuously seeking methods of characterizing populations with respect to environmental hazards. Geographic Information Systems (GIS), coupled with census information and spatial analysis techniques, offer tools which allow assessment of the size and demographic characteristics of populations in concert with the evaluation of environmental and health data. This is done for a variety of purposes, including: (1) identifying general populations at risk from environmental hazards, (2) conducting exposure assessments of sensitive populations, (3) identifying public health education or community outreach focus areas, and (4) identifying target and control populations for health studies. For example, measured environmental concentrations of toxic substances, when coupled with simulation models and subjected to statistical analyses, can be used to determine risks to potentially exposed communities. Likewise, where insufficient environmental measurements exist for adequate (or proper) characterization, environmental fate and transport models enable estimates of the distribution of contaminants for the same purposes. With GIS, public health professionals can co-analyze health outcome and environmental data and estimate the influence of nearby sources of environmental contamination on the incidence of disease patterns in surrounding populations. GIS can also be used to analyze descriptive environmental data, such as the presence of wetlands, range and preferred habitats, and the presence of aged housing to define areas where conditions are favorable to the development of disease. These areas can then be targeted for educational efforts and other preventative action. Through implementations such as these, GIS is both an enabler and critical resource to the environmental public health professional.

Holm, D.M. [Orkand Corp., Silver Spring, MD (United States); Maslia, M.L.; Reyes, J.J.; Williams, R.C. [Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA (United States); Aral, M.M. [Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)

1995-12-31

174

Using evidence informed approval to create online learning resources  

E-print Network

emphasises constructive alignment and throughlines. How the new wiki-based resources map on to the themes identified by the research methods is summarised in Figure 5. Figure 5: Mapping of novel online learning resource provision to the emergent...

Tracy, Frances; Jordan, Katy; Johnstone, Keith; Carmichael, Patrick

2007-06-14

175

Remote sensing applications to Missouri environmental resources information system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An efficient system for retrieval of remotely sensed data to be used by natural resources oriented agencies, and a natural resources data system that can meet the needs of state agencies were studied. To accomplish these objectives, natural resources data sources were identified, and study of systems already in operation which address themselves to the more efficient utilization of natural resources oriented data was prepared.

Myers, R. E.

1977-01-01

176

Inventory of Information Resources and Services Available to the U.S. House of Representatives. Part IV: Private Organization Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pursuant to Section 204 of House Resolution 988, 93rd Congress, this annotated inventory of private organization information resources available to the House of Representatives is part of a larger project intended to study the information needs and problems of the House in relation to existing institutions and services. Private sector

1976

177

Inventory of Information Resources for the U.S. House of Representatives. Part II: Other Resources in the Legislative Branch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pursuant to Section 204 of House Resolution 988, 93rd Congress, this annotated inventory of information resources in the legislative branch which are not internal to the House of Representatives is part of a larger project intended to study the information needs and problems of the House in relation to existing institutions and services. This

1976

178

Laser Safety Web Resources The web links below represent varied resources for laser safety information and  

E-print Network

Laser Safety Web Resources The web links below represent varied resources for laser safety endorsement by Georgia Tech. Please contact the Laser Safety Officer if you know of any helpful resources of Laser Physics and Technology, http://www.rp- photonics.com/encyclopedia.html Kentek, http

Houston, Paul L.

179

Information resources: How they are utilized by Louisiana  

SciTech Connect

Louisiana, now in a developmental stage of policy and planning, has completed a project aimed at reducing hazardous releases of air toxics in thee state. The state is also conducting a Comparative Risk Project and is using risk assessment practices to develop its waste quality standards. In developing an air toxic list, Louisiana incorporated four major criteria into the ranking: emission levels, human health effects, potential population exposure, and persistence or accumulation in the environment. For the human health effects criterion, data for each substance was gathered from numerous sources, although the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database was used as a primary source for toxicological information. Following guidelines established by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Office of Water Resources, Water Pollution Control Division, has developed numerical criteria for human health protection based on risk assessment procedures in the 1989 Water Quality Standards Revision. Currently over 30 toxic substances have risk-based criteria for th protection of human health in the standards. Numerical criteria were calculated for carcinogenic substances having an EPA Classification of A, B1, B2, or C. Cancer class designations along with cancer potency slopes and reference doses were extracted from the IRIS database, with the exception of those chemicals that had not been assessed in IRIS as of December 1, 1988. The parameters necessary for calculating human health criteria for the missing chemicals were taken from 1980, 1984, and 1985 ambient water quality criteria documents: data on bioconcentration factors were included. Currently, Louisiana is working on a Comparative Risk Project, a ranking of the environmental issues in the state relative to potential risk to the public, which is the basis for a widespread 1991 public outreach effort.

Gardner, S. [Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality, Baton Rouge (United States)

1990-12-31

180

The use of visual information by house flies, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae), foraging in resource patches  

Microsoft Academic Search

House flies, Musca domestica, respond to visual contrasts on the substrate if a resource is associated with the contrasting patterns. Visible resource patch boundaries serve as a signal to flies that they are about to leave a rewarding patch. Searching flies respond to such visual information by walking along the resource patch boundary and turning back into the patch at

Donna Conlon; William J. Bell

1991-01-01

181

NASA Earth Resources Survey Symposium. Volume 1-B: Geology, Information Systems and Services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A symposium was conducted on the practical applications of earth resources survey technology including utilization and results of data from programs involving LANDSAT, the Skylab earth resources experiment package, and aircraft. Topics discussed include geological structure, landform surveys, energy and extractive resources, and information systems and services.

1975-01-01

182

OPTICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING: Modulationspectral analysis of an image transmitted across a distorting medium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The task of simultaneous determination of the structure and characteristics of a two-dimensional amplitudephase signal and a two-dimensional complex transfer or instrumental function is considered. The solution is based on determination of four independent intensity distributions of spectral representations of the signal Isr(?x, ?y) subjected to the action of the transfer function, of the signal Ismr(?x, ?y which) has experienced additional modulation applied in a certain manner and the action of the transfer function, of the signal Isrn(?x, ?y) representing the signal Isr(?x, ?y) with certain additional modulation at the output, and of the signal Ismrn(?x, ?y) which is the signal Ismr(?x, ?y) with certain additional modulation at the output. These intensity distributions make it possible to calculate the amplitude and phase components of the image being analysed and of the transfer function. Additional modulations should in some way ensure visualisation of the phase information. A specific type of additional spatial modulation, in the form of linear amplitude, is discussed.

Zubov, Vladimir A.; Mironova, T. V.

1998-05-01

183

Information-theory-based band selection and utility evaluation for reflective spectral systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a methodology for wavelength band selection. This methodology can be used in system design studies to provide an optimal sensor cost, data reduction, and data utility trade-off relative to a specific application. The methodology combines an information theory- based criterion for band selection with a genetic algorithm to search for a near-optimal solution. We have applied this methodology to 612 material spectra from a combined database to determine the band locations for 6, 9, 15, 30, and 60- band sets in the 0.42 to 2.5 microns spectral region that permit the best material separation. These optimal bands sets were then evaluated in terms of their utility related to anomaly ddetection and material identification using multi-band data cubes generated from two HYDICE cubes. The optimal band locations and their corresponding entropies are given in this paper. Our optimal band locations for the 6, 9, and 15-band sets are compared to the bands of existing multi-band systems such as Landsat 7, Multispectral Thermal Imager, Advanced Land Imager, Daedalus, and M7. Also presented are the anomaly detection and material identification results obtained from our generalted multi- band data cubes. Comparisons are made between these exploitation results with those obtained from the original 210-band HYDICE data cubes.

Shen, Sylvia S.; Bassett, Edward M., III

2002-08-01

184

Optimised sensitivity to leptonic CP violation from spectral information: the LBNO case at 2300 km baseline  

E-print Network

One of the main goals of the Long Baseline Neutrino Observatory (LBNO) is to study the $L/E$ behaviour (spectral information) of the electron neutrino and antineutrino appearance probabilities, in order to determine the unknown CP-violation phase $\\delta_{CP}$ and discover CP-violation in the leptonic sector. The result is based on the measurement of the appearance probabilities in a broad range of energies, covering t he 1st and 2nd oscillation maxima, at a very long baseline of 2300 km. The sensitivity of the experiment can be maximised by optimising the energy spectra of the neutrino and anti-neutrino fluxes. Such an optimisation requires exploring an extended range of parameters describing in details the geometries and properties of the primary protons, hadron target and focusing elements in the neutrino beam line. In this paper we present a numerical solution that leads to an optimised energy spectra and study its impact on the sensitivity of LBNO to discover leptonic CP violation. In the optimised flux ...

:,; Agostino, L; Aittola, M; Alekou, A; Andrieu, B; Antoniou, F; Asfandiyarov, R; Autiero, D; Bsida, O; Balik, A; Ballett, P; Bandac, I; Banerjee, D; Bartmann, W; Bay, F; Biskup, B; Blebea-Apostu, A M; Blondel, A; Bogomilov, M; Bolognesi, S; Borriello, E; Brancus, I; Bravar, A; Buizza-Avanzini, M; Caiulo, D; Calin, M; Calviani, M; Campanelli, M; Cantini, C; Cata-Danil, G; Chakraborty, S; Charitonidis, N; Chaussard, L; Chesneanu, D; Chipesiu, F; Crivelli, P; Dawson, J; De Bonis, I; Declais, Y; Sanchez, P Del Amo; Delbart, A; Di~Luise, S; Duchesneau, D; Dumarchez, J; Efthymiopoulos, I; Eliseev, A; Emery, S; Enqvist, T; Enqvist, K; Epprecht, L; Erykalov, A N; Esanu, T; Franco, D; Friend, M; Galymov, V; Gavrilov, G; Gendotti, A; Giganti, C; Gilardoni, S; Goddard, B; Gomoiu, C M; Gornushkin, Y A; Gorodetzky, P; Haesler, A; Hasegawa, T; Horikawa, S; Huitu, K; Izmaylov, A; Jipa, A; Kainulainen, K; Karadzhov, Y; Khabibullin, M; Khotjantsev, A; Kopylov, A N; Korzenev, A; Kosyanenko, S; Kryn, D; Kudenko, Y; Kuusiniemi, P; Lazanu, I; Lazaridis, C; Levy, J -M; Loo, K; Maalampi, J; Margineanu, R M; Marteau, J; Martin-Mari, C; Matveev, V; Mazzucato, E; Mefodiev, A; Mineev, O; Mirizzi, A; Mitrica, B; Murphy, S; Nakadaira, T; Narita, S; Nesterenko, D A; Nguyen, K; Nikolics, K; Noah, E; Novikov, Yu; Oprima, A; Osborne, J; Ovsyannikova, T; Papaphilippou, Y; Pascoli, S; Patzak, T; Pectu, M; Pennacchio, E; Periale, L; Pessard, H; Popov, B; Ravonel, M; Rayner, M; Resnati, F; Ristea, O; Robert, A; Rubbia, A; Rummukainen, K; Saftoiu, A; Sakashita, K; Sanchez-Galan, F; Sarkamo, J; Saviano, N; Scantamburlo, E; Sergiampietri, F; Sgalaberna, D; Shaposhnikova, E; Slupecki, M; Smargianaki, D; Stanca, D; Steerenberg, R; Sterian, A R; Sterian, P; Stoica, S; Strabel, C; Suhonen, J; Suvorov, V; Toma, G; Tonazzo, A; Trzaska, W H; Tsenov, R; Tuominen, K; Valram, M; Vankova-Kirilova, G; Vannucci, F; Vasseur, G; Velotti, F; Velten, P; Venturi, V; Viant, T; Vihonen, S; Vincke, H; Vorobyev, A; Weber, A; Wu, S; Yershov, N; Zambelli, L; Zito, M

2014-01-01

185

International Virtual Observatory System for Water Resources Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sharing, accessing, and integrating hydrologic and climatic data have been identified as a critical need for some time. The current state of data portals, standards, technologies, activities, and expertise can be leverage to develop an initial operational capability for a virtual observatory system. This system will allow to link observations data with stream networks and models, and to solve semantic inconsistencies among communities. Prototyping a virtual observatory system is an inter-disciplinary, inter-agency and international endeavor. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) within the OGC Interoperability Program provides the process and expertise to run such collaborative effort. The OGC serves as a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and to advance the development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The project coordinated by OGC that is advancing an international virtual observatory system for water resources information is called Climatology-Hydrology Information Sharing Pilot, Phase 1 (CHISP-1). It includes observations and forecasts in the U.S. and Canada levering current networks and capabilities. It is designed to support the following use cases: 1) Hydrologic modeling for historical and near-future stream flow and groundwater conditions. Requires the integration of trans-boundary stream flow and groundwater well data, as well as national river networks (US NHD and Canada NHN) from multiple agencies. Emphasis will be on time series data and real-time flood monitoring. 2) Modeling and assessment of nutrient load into the lakes. Requires accessing water-quality data from multiple agencies and integrating with stream flow information for calculating loads. Emphasis on discrete sampled water quality observations, linking those to specific NHD stream reaches and catchments, and additional metadata for sampled data. The key objectives of these use cases are: 1) To link observations data to the stream network, enabling queries of conditions upstream from a given location to return all relevant gages and well locations. This is currently not practical with the data sources available. 2) To bridge differences in semantics across information models and processes used by the various data producers, to improve the hydrologic and water quality modeling capabilities. Other expected benefits to be derived from this project include: - Leverage a large body of existing data holdings and related activities of multiple agencies in the US and Canada. - Influence data and metadata standards used internationally for web-based information sharing, through multiple agency cooperation and OGC standards setting process. - Reduction of procurement risk through partnership-based development of an initial operating capability verses the cost for building a fully operational system using a traditional "waterfall approach". - Identification and clarification of what is possible, and of the key technical and non-technical barriers to continued progress in sharing and integrating hydrologic and climatic information. - Promote understanding and strengthen ties within the hydro-climatic community. This is anticipated to be the first phase of a multi-phase project, with future work on forecasting the hydrologic consequences of extreme weather events, and enabling more sophisticated water quality modeling.

Leinenweber, Lewis; Bermudez, Luis

2013-04-01

186

The research and development of water resources management information system based on ArcGIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to that there are large amount of data, complexity of data type and format in the water resources management, we built the water resources calculation model and established the water resources management information system based on the advanced ArcGIS and Visual Studio.NET development platform. The system can integrate the spatial data and attribute data organically, and manage them uniformly. It can analyze spatial data, inquire by map and data bidirectionally, provide various charts and report forms automatically, link multimedia information, manage database etc. . So it can provide spatial and static synthetical information services for study, management and decision of water resources, regional geology and eco-environment etc..

Cui, Weiqun; Gao, Xiaoli; Li, Yuzhi; Cui, Zhencai

187

Resource sharing platform architecture for an information product factory  

E-print Network

Efforts to share resources in collaborative pursuits are hindered by differing data representations, redundant applications, and software incompatibilities. Members of a collaborative effort often span different computational ...

Sanchez, Abel, 1967-

2003-01-01

188

50 CFR 660.30 - Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-EFPs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-EFPs...Fisheries 660.30 Compensation with fish for collecting resource informationEFPs...issue an EFP allowing a vessel to retain fish as compensation in excess of trip...

2013-10-01

189

50 CFR 660.30 - Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-EFPs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-EFPs...Fisheries 660.30 Compensation with fish for collecting resource informationEFPs...issue an EFP allowing a vessel to retain fish as compensation in excess of trip...

2010-10-01

190

50 CFR 660.30 - Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-EFPs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-EFPs...Fisheries 660.30 Compensation with fish for collecting resource informationEFPs...issue an EFP allowing a vessel to retain fish as compensation in excess of trip...

2012-10-01

191

50 CFR 660.30 - Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-EFPs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-EFPs...Fisheries 660.30 Compensation with fish for collecting resource informationEFPs...issue an EFP allowing a vessel to retain fish as compensation in excess of trip...

2011-10-01

192

Information Sources Used by Tourists: Resources Consulted by American, German, and Japanese Visitors to Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Taiwan travel information resources used by American, German, and Japanese tourists in 2006 are identified and analyzed in this study. Differences among demographic groups regarding types of information accessed, spending behaviors, and levels of satisfaction with available travel resources were examined. The study was based on analysis of

Lu, Carol Yi-Rong

2009-01-01

193

Reverse logistics: superior performance through focused resource commitments to information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of businesses in the automobile aftermarket industry provided insights into how reverse logistics performance can be influenced by a few key strategic decisions. Resource commitment is critical to program performance. However, it is important that the resources be focused on developing information technology capabilities. This, no doubt, is reflective of the nature of reverse logistics. Information supportfor authorizing,

Patricia J. Daugherty; R. Glenn Richey; Stefan E. Genchev; Haozhe Chen

2005-01-01

194

EMPLOYEE CONTACT & DEPOSIT INFORMATION FORM Forward to your Human Resources Services Area Office  

E-print Network

EMPLOYEE CONTACT & DEPOSIT INFORMATION FORM Forward to your Human Resources Services Area Office (1 INFORMATION FORM Forward to your Human Resources Services Area Office (2) HR/EE/REV1.7/2007/12/04 F DEPOSIT to the University Secretary, Gilmour Hall, Room 210 McMaster University. FOR HR USE ONLY Position Code Recruitment

Haykin, Simon

195

Impact of online resources on informal learners: Parents' perception of their parenting skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet and Web technology development have opened up new ways for people to communicate, gain new information and increase their knowledge. One particular area of interest is that of using online resources to empower informal learners to increase their knowledge at their own time and space. One could look at an online resource as a public library being brought

Jin-cheon Na; Shee Wai Chia

2008-01-01

196

Satellite data and geographic information systems for fire and resource management in the Canadian arctic  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of analyzing remotely sensed data, a geographic information system, and an intelligent fire management system have been developed to provide integrated resource data for fire and other resources management. Natural and cultural features were digitized from 1:50,000 topographic maps using a geographic information system (GIS) to cover the 29 communities below the tree line in the western Canadian

Helmut Epp; Rick Lanoville

1996-01-01

197

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND REMOTE SENSING: TOWARDS THE BETTER INTEGRATION OF DATA FOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The value of geographical information systems and remote sensing as tools for land and resource management is now widely recognised and their application well documented. Better integration of the technologies offers the potential, however, for developing more powerful and useful tools for land and resource management. This paper focuses on the integration of image data with geographical information systems and

Q. Zhou; B. J. Garner

1990-01-01

198

Auditing Dynamic Links to Online Information Resources Jianhua Li, MD; James J. Cimino, MD  

E-print Network

integration of disparate resources to create information services that are far greater than individual local providers could create on their own. The caveat is that these disparate resources may change or become discontinued) called InfoLink (BiggByte Software, Fort Smith, AR). InfoLink provided a wealth of information

Cimino, James J.

199

Council on Library and Information Resources: Annual Report, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) brings together experts from around the country and around the world and asks them to turn their intelligence to the problems that libraries, archives, and information organizations face as they integrate digital resources and services into their well established print-based environments. In

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

200

Development of component geographic information systems applying in forest resources management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history, current situation, and development trend of GIS (Geographic Information System) applied in the forest resources\\u000a management were discussed in this paper. On the basis of geographic spatial characteristics of forest resources data, a component\\u000a geographic information system (ComGIS) was developed for forest resources management. The system embeds a GIS ActiveX control\\u000a MapObjects (Inc. ESRI) on Visual C++ platform.

Qi Hong; Yu Su-fang; Fan Wen-yi

2005-01-01

201

AQUIMS: A computerized system for interpreting and integrating information on air pollution effects on natural resources  

SciTech Connect

Interpreting data and information concerning air pollutant effects on natural resources is difficult due to the many interacting biotic and abiotic factors, the diversity of information on this subject, and the paucity of on-site experts. In response to this data management need, the National Park Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, and Penn State University have produced a computerized, Windows-based air quality information management system (AQUIMS). The prototype provides information on the effects of two pollutants, tropospheric ozone and acidic deposition. AQUIMS provides the user with general site information, site-specific pollution monitoring data, information on natural resources sensitive to air pollution, annotated bibliographies, slide libraries of pristine and affected resources, pertinent databases, and an embedded expert system that helps the user assess the potential effects of air pollution. AQUIMS allows resource managers, policy experts, and air pollution researchers to access information faster and better analyze pollution effects.

Nash, B.; Tonnessen, K.; Maniero, T. [National Park Service, Denver, CO (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31

202

Remote sensing of potential lunar resources. 2: High spatial resolution mapping of spectral reflectance ratios and implications for nearside mare TiO2 content`  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High spatial resolution maps illustrating variations in spectral reflectance 400/560 nm ratio values have been generated for the following mare regions: (1) the border between southern Mare Serenitatis and northern Mare Tranquillitatis (including the MS-2 standard area and Apollo 17 landing site), (2) central Mare Tranquillitatis, (3) Oceanus Procellarum near Seleucus, and (4) southern Oceanus Procellarum and Flamsteed. We have also obtained 320-1000 nm reflectance spectra of several sites relative to MS-2 to facilitate scaling of the images and provide additional information on surface composition. Inferred TiO2 abundances for these mare regions have been determined using an empirical calibration which relates the weight percent TiO2 in mature mare regolith to the observed 400/560 nm ratio. Mare areas with high TiO2 abundances are probably rich in ilmenite (FeTiO3) a potential lunar resource. The highest potential TiO2 concentrations we have identified in the nearside maria occur in central Mare Tranquillitatis. Inferred TiO2 contents for these areas are greater than 9 wt% and are spatially consistent with the highest-TiO2 regions mapped previously at lower spatial resolution. We note that the morphology of surface units with high 400/560 nm ratio values increases in complexity at higher spatial resolutions. Comparisons have been made with previously published geologic maps, Lunar Orbiter IV, and ground-based images, and some possible morphologic correlatins have been found between our mapped 400/560 nm ratio values and volcanic landforms such as lava flows, mare domes, and collapse pits.

Melendrez, D. E.; Johnson, J. R.; Larson, S. M.; Singer, R. B.

1994-03-01

203

The Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Resource Sharing Tailored for Local Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), which is charged with providing information services to the scientific and technical community of the Department of Defense (DoD), actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the defense

Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

204

Integrating water data, models and forecasts - the Australian Water Resources Information System (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the Commonwealth Water Act 2007 the Bureau of Meteorology was given a new national role in water information, encompassing standards, water accounts and assessments, hydrological forecasting, and collecting, enhancing and making freely available Australia's water information. The Australian Water Resources Information System (AWRIS) is being developed to fulfil part of this role, by providing foundational data, information and model

R. Argent; P. Sheahan; N. Plummer

2010-01-01

205

Systematic Utilization of Human Resources as an Integral Part of Information Science Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The place of formal indexes to people'' as part of information science work is considered in relation to informal communication networks and existing formal information retrieval resources. Examples of indexes'' are given, along with suggestions on how librarians could better tie documentary information and individuals' knowledge together. (53

Hoey, P. O'N

1972-01-01

206

BIG: An agent for resource-bounded information gathering and decision making  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web has become an invaluable information resource but the explosion of available information has made Web search a time consuming and complex process. The large number of information sources and their different levels of accessibility, reliability and associated costs present a complex information gathering control problem. This paper describes the rationale, architecture, and implementation of a next

Victor R. Lesser; Bryan Horling; Frank Klassner; Anita Raja; Thomas Wagner; Xiaoqin Zhang

2000-01-01

207

High-speed spectral infrared imaging of spark ignition engine combustion. (Reannouncement with new availability information)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In-cylinder flame propagation and its impact on thermal characteristics of the combustion chamber were studied by using a new high-speed spectral infrared imaging system. In this work, successive spectral IR images of combustion chamber events were captured while varying several parameters, including fuel\\/air, spark timing, speed, and warming-up period. Some investigation of cyclic variation, knock, and high-temperature components during the

T. McComiskey; H. Jiang; Y. Qian; K. T. Rhee; J. C. Kent

1993-01-01

208

XDB-IPG: An Extensible Database Architecture for an Information Grid of Heterogeneous and Distributed Information Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes XDB-IPG, an open and extensible database architecture that supports efficient and flexible integration of heterogeneous and distributed information resources. XDB-IPG provides a novel \\

David A. Maluf; Chris Knight; Peter Tran; Tracy La; Jenessa Lin

209

Information resource preferences by general pediatricians in office settings: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Information needs and resource preferences of office-based general pediatricians have not been well characterized. METHODS: Data collected from a sample of twenty office-based urban\\/suburban general pediatricians consisted of: (a) a demographic survey about participants' practice and computer use, (b) semi-structured interviews on their use of different types of information resources and (c) semi-structured interviews on perceptions of information needs

George R Kim; Edward L Bartlett Jr; Harold P Lehmann

2005-01-01

210

Resources  

MedlinePLUS

... national support groups can be found on the web, through local libraries, your health care provider, and the yellow pages under "social service organizations." AIDS - resources Alcoholism - resources Allergy - resources ...

211

30 CFR 937.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 937.779 Section 937.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

212

30 CFR 905.779 - Surface mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false ...applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 905.779 Section 905.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2010-07-01

213

30 CFR 903.779 - Surface mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false ...applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 903.779 Section 903.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2010-07-01

214

30 CFR 912.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 912.779 Section 912.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

215

30 CFR 922.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 922.779 Section 922.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

216

30 CFR 933.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 933.779 Section 933.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2010-07-01

217

30 CFR 942.779 - Surface mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 942.779 Section 942.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

218

30 CFR 905.779 - Surface mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 905.779 Section 905.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

219

30 CFR 937.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 937.779 Section 937.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2010-07-01

220

30 CFR 903.779 - Surface mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 903.779 Section 903.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

221

30 CFR 921.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 921.779 Section 921.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2010-07-01

222

30 CFR 933.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 933.779 Section 933.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

223

30 CFR 941.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 941.779 Section 941.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

224

30 CFR 939.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 939.779 Section 939.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

225

30 CFR 942.779 - Surface mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false ...applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 942.779 Section 942.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2010-07-01

226

30 CFR 947.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 947.779 Section 947.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

227

30 CFR 910.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 910.779 Section 910.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2011-07-01

228

30 CFR 941.779 - Surface mining permit applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false ...applications-minimum requirements for information on environmental resources. 941.779 Section 941.779 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND...

2010-07-01

229

Community Colleges: General Information and Resources. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest offers general information about American community colleges and lists a variety of sources of additional information about these institutions. The digest provides the defining characteristics of community colleges and information on their curricula; statistics on enrollments and student characteristics; information on faculty

ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.

230

Coastal resources management guidelines. Coastal Management Publication No. 2. Renewable Resources Information Series  

SciTech Connect

The guidebook is one in a series of publications being produced for the Agency for International Development (AID) by the National Park Service (NPS). Its purpose is to provide expert guidance in planning and management for sustainable coastal development and for the conservation of coastal resources. In addition to the book the coastal series includes a casebook with eight case studies, a report on institutional arrangements for coastal resource management, and a condensed design aids booklet.

Snedaker, S.C.; Getter, C.D.

1985-01-01

231

HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine-STOP  

SciTech Connect

The HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the UNCFSP HBCU Screening, Testing, Outreach, and Prevention (STOP) HIV/AIDS Program project members to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based organizations

Templin-Branner, W. and N. Dancy

2010-06-15

232

Information resources in state regulatory agencies-a California perspective  

SciTech Connect

Various state regulatory agencies have expressed a need for networking with information gatherers/researchers to produce a concise compilation of primary information so that the basis for regulatory standards can be scientifically referenced. California has instituted several programs to retrieve primary information, generate primary information through research, and generate unique regulatory standards by integrating the primary literature and the products of research. This paper describes these programs.

DiZio, S.M. [California Environmental Protection Agency, Sacramento (United States)

1990-12-31

233

Requirements for the Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) -- Determined by Field Evaluation  

E-print Network

A study designed to analyze two information services provided by the Water Resources Scientific Information Center is described. The study was conducted to assess the monetary value and acceptability to users of the Selected Water Resources...

Herbich, J. B.; Smith, E. B.; Benson, J. D.

1969-11-15

234

43 CFR 6302.16 - When and how may I gather scientific information about resources in BLM wilderness?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources...in wilderness areas, using methods that may cause greater impacts...minimum necessary for the scientific purposes of the...

2011-10-01

235

43 CFR 6302.16 - When and how may I gather scientific information about resources in BLM wilderness?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources...in wilderness areas, using methods that may cause greater impacts...minimum necessary for the scientific purposes of the...

2012-10-01

236

43 CFR 6302.16 - When and how may I gather scientific information about resources in BLM wilderness?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources...in wilderness areas, using methods that may cause greater impacts...minimum necessary for the scientific purposes of the...

2013-10-01

237

Government & Social Science Information: European Union Internet Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California-Berkeley Library's Government and Social Science Information Service (GSSI) has developed this Web site relating to European Union (EU) information. It provides a list of EU servers including those related to Information and R & D Activities, an EU FAQ and other University EU links.

1995-01-01

238

Informal Learning in the Workplace: Unmasking Human Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the rhetoric surrounding the notion of informal learning in order to expand debate about the uses of informal learning in workplaces and about attempts to "recognize" it through competency-based standards. The following topics are among those discussed in the book's eight chapters: (1) the nature of informal learning in the

Garrick, John

239

Putting Information on the Corporate Agenda as a Key Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help understand the trends, strategies, structure, and new skills that will be required by the information professional in this changing global environment, this paper examines the future of the library and information profession and the impact that information technology is having on the discipline. The paper focuses on the online delivery of

Piggott, Sylvia E. A.

240

Project LIS: A Web-based Resource of IOLS Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Project LIS (library information systems), a student-originated and student-developed metasite of URLs that points to information about integrated online library systems (IOLS) vendors, electronic journal titles and specific e-journal articles addressing IOLS topics of interest, and general information sources that might be accessed by

Kochtanek, Thomas R.; Hein, Karen K.

2000-01-01

241

Adaptive non-negative bases for reconstruction of spectral data from colorimetric information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positive basis functions of the reflectance spectra of Munsell color chips are extracted by using the classical nonnegative matrix factorization method. Different numbers of basis, i.e., 3 to 5, are determined and used as projection spaces. The spectral reflectances of samples are defined in the desired compact spectral spaces and the performances of the spaces are evaluated through the cost of the "lost data" by computing of the root mean square error between the actual and the reconstructed spectra as well as the corresponding color difference values under different viewing conditions. The method is also compared with the most welcomed technique, i.e., principal component analyzing, and its priority is shown to some extent in the three dimensional space. To show the importance of the spectral behaviors of samples in the dataset on the extracted basis and consequently the error of the spectral reconstruction trial, the adaptive non-negative matrix factorization method is introduced and examined in the reconstruction of spectral data from the colorimetric tristimulus values. The suggested method weights the samples in the database proportional to the colorimetric differences between the specimens in the dataset and the sample whose spectral has been aimed, prior to the extraction of all positive bases. The root mean square errors between the actual and the reconstructed spectra as well as the metamerism indices under A and F11 illuminants are calculated and the results show considerable improvement over the classic non-negative matrix factorization method as well as the principal component analyzing technique.

Amirshahi, Seyed Hossein; Amirhahi, Seyed Ali

2010-11-01

242

International Students Using Online Information Resources to Learn: Complex Experience and Learning Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that investigated 25 international students' use of online information resources for study purposes at two Australian universities. Using an expanded critical incident approach, the study viewed international students through an information literacy lens, as information-using learners.

Hughes, Hilary

2013-01-01

243

Integrating Information Literacy Instruction (ILI) through Resource-Based School Projects: An Interpretive Exploration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Resource-based school projects have good potential to be an effective approach in information literacy instruction (ILI). These projects offer the opportunity for students to engage in information problem-solving learning activities and employ various learning skills, including information literacy (IL). The researchers seek to explore ILI through

Yu, Halida; Noordin, Siti Arpah; Mokhtar, Sobariah Awang; Abrizah, A.

2011-01-01

244

New York State Forum for Information Resource Management: 1998-1999 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report of the New York State Forum for Information Resource Management begins with a section that summarizes key activities for 1998-99, including partnerships with other organizations, sessions on the use of information in government and information security, programs on the challenges of electronic commerce for government,

New York State Forum for Information Resource Management.

245

BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering and Decision Support Agent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web has become an invaluable information resource but the explosion of available information has made web search a time consuming and complex process. The large number of informa- tion sources and their different levels of accessibility, reliability and as sociated costs present a complex information gathering coordination problem. This paper describes the rationale, architecture, and im- plementation

Victor Lesser; Bryan Horling; Frank Klassner; Anita Raja; X. Q. Zhang

1998-01-01

246

OFFERING HOME GARDENERS AND COMMERCIAL GROWERS RELIABLE INFORMATION AND RESOURCES  

E-print Network

, and season extension For beekeepers: education on topics such as honeybee diseases and pests and successful to collaborate on research For nursery and greenhouse professionals: education on topics such as propagation help with advice and resources regarding planting, cultivation, pest and disease identification

Blanchette, Robert A.

247

THE ROLE OF SPATIAL INFORMATION IN NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This century's rapid expansion in technology, population and economic activities has also featured the rapid and unsustainable exploitation and depletion of resources. Already half the world's population lives within 60km of the coastline. A third of the coastline is at high risk of degradation by human activity. In many countries fresh water availability is approaching crisis point; 1.3 billion people

James OSUNDWA

248

Content Integration: Creating a Scalable Common Platform for Information Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic, government, and corporate librarians organize and leverage internal resources and content through institutional repositories and library catalogs. Getting more value and usage from the content they license is a key goal. However, the ever-growing amount of content and shifting user demands for new materials or features has made the

Berenstein, Max; Katz, Demian

2012-01-01

249

Help Wanted: Job & Career Information Resources. RUSA Occasional Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book highlights techniques that can be implemented to build library collections on jobs and careers. The authors explore demographic and economic changes that influence the job market and the future of the workforce. They also examine how resources have shifted from books to collections incorporating Web pages, CD-ROMs, and audiovisual

White, Gary W., Ed.

250

Econ Ed & the Fed: Resources and Information for Educators, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Fall 2001-Spring 2002 newsletter provides resources and information to educators, particularly economics, history, social studies, and business educators, throughout the western district of the Federal Reserve System. The goal of the newsletter is to highlight new Federal Reserve teaching materials and resources, including Web sites,

Strahm, Sharon, Ed.

2001-01-01

251

Optimal SINR Based Resource Allocation For Simultaneous Energy and Information Transfer  

E-print Network

,koksal,shroff}@ece.osu.edu Abstract--In this paper, we study the problem of simul- taneous information and power transfer and battery size. Keywords Energy Harvesting, Resource Allocation, Power Consump- tion. I. INTRODUCTION, solar and geothermal. However, such resources depend on factors like weather, and location which

Koksal, Can Emre

252

Gulf Coast Hurricanes Selected Resources in the NOAA Libraries and Information Network  

E-print Network

Gulf Coast Hurricanes Selected Resources in the NOAA Libraries and Information Network Prepared to the rich collection of historical and current resources on Gulf Coast hurricanes held by the NOAA Libraries) chronologically by named hurricane, and 2) Topically by: Climatology, History, Storm Surge, and Other

253

Enhancing Human Resource Productivity Using Information and Communication Technologies: Opportunities and Challenges for Tanzania1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) provide enormous potential for enhancing productivity of human resources in both public and private sectors. However, net returns on ICTs capital have been observed to be higher in many of the developed countries than in developing countries. This is because ICTs have enhanced productivity and competitiveness in various organisational processes including management of human resources

Faustin Kamuzora

254

Council on Library and Information Resources: Annual Report, 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report of the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) begins with a list of staff, a letter for the Chairman of the Board, and a message from the CLIR President. Activities for 1999-2000 in the following areas are then summarized: (1) resources for scholarship, including the artifact in library collections,

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

255

Harise Stein, MD harise@stanford.edu 2013 HUMAN TRAFFICKING RESOURCE INFORMATION  

E-print Network

-Day Slavery in America: Recognizing and Responding to Human Trafficking in a Healthcare Context https Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers http://www.apiidv.org/files/ORR_TraffickingHarise Stein, MD harise@stanford.edu 2013 HUMAN TRAFFICKING RESOURCE INFORMATION National Hotline 1

Kay, Mark A.

256

Urban Classification Using Full Spectral Information of Landsat ETMImagery in Marion County, Indiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares different image processing routines to identify suitable remote sensing variables for urban classifi- cation in the Marion County, Indiana, USA, using a Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM? ) image. The ETMmultispectral, panchromatic, and thermal images are used. Incorporation of spectral signature, texture, and surface temperature is examined, as well as data fusion techniques for combining

Dengsheng Lu; Qihao Weng

257

78 FR 13366 - Information Collection Request: Technical Resource for Incident Prevention (TRIPwire) User...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Technical Resource for Incident Prevention (TRIPwire) is OBP's online, collaborative, information- sharing network for bomb squad, law enforcement, and other emergency services personnel to learn about current terrorist improvised explosive...

2013-02-27

258

Three-Way Complementarities: Performance Pay, Human Resource Analytics, and Information Technology  

E-print Network

We test for three-way complementarities among information technology (IT), performance pay, and human resource (HR) analytics practices. We develop a principalagent model examining how these practices work together as an ...

Brynjolfsson, Erik

259

The use of interactive graphical maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources  

PubMed Central

As online information portals accumulate metadata descriptions of Web resources, it becomes necessary to develop effective ways for visualising and navigating the resultant huge metadata repositories as well as the different semantic relationships and attributes of described Web resources. Graphical maps provide a good method to visualise, understand and navigate a world that is too large and complex to be seen directly like the Web. Several examples of maps designed as a navigational aid for Web resources are presented in this review with an emphasis on maps of medical and health-related resources. The latter include HealthCyberMap maps , which can be classified as conceptual information space maps, and the very abstract and geometric Visual Net maps of PubMed (for demos). Information resources can be also organised and navigated based on their geographic attributes. Some of the maps presented in this review use a Kohonen Self-Organising Map algorithm, and only HealthCyberMap uses a Geographic Information System to classify Web resource data and render the maps. Maps based on familiar metaphors taken from users' everyday life are much easier to understand. Associative and pictorial map icons that enable instant recognition and comprehension are preferred to geometric ones and are key to successful maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources. PMID:12556244

Boulos, Maged N Kamel

2003-01-01

260

Tracking and monitoring the health workforce: a new human resources information system (HRIS) in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundHealth workforce planning is important in ensuring that the recruitment, training and deployment of health workers are conducted\\u000a in the most efficient way possible. However, in many developing countries, human resources for health data are limited, inconsistent,\\u000a out-dated, or unavailable. Consequently, policy-makers are unable to use reliable data to make informed decisions about the\\u000a health workforce. Computerized human resources information

Julie C Spero; Pamela A McQuide; Rita Matte

2011-01-01

261

Pennsylvania StreamStats--A web-based application for obtaining water-resource-related information  

USGS Publications Warehouse

StreamStats is a national web-based Geographic Information System (GIS) application, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc., to provide a variety of water-resource-related information. Users can easily obtain descriptive information, basin characteristics, and streamflow statistics for USGS streamgages and ungaged stream locations throughout Pennsylvania. StreamStats also allows users to search upstream and (or) downstream from user-selected points to identify locations of and obtain information for water-resource-related activities, such as dams and streamgages.

Stuckey, Marla H.; Hoffman, Scott A.

2010-01-01

262

Efficacy of web resources in meeting parental need for information.  

PubMed

To manage their child's long-term condition, parents require a range of support interventions to meet their information and emotional needs ( Hallstrm and Elander 2007 ). There is increasing recognition of the value of social media tools and platforms to share information on-line ( Blackburn and Reid 2005 ). PMID:25369096

2014-11-01

263

Using Nlp Or Nlp Resources For Information Retrieval Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The imact of NLP on information retrieval tasks has largely been one ofpromise rather than substance. While there are exceptions to this as someof the chapters in the present volume demonstrate, for the most part NLPand information retrieval have only recently started to dovetail together.In this chapter we will present a pr'ecis of our experiments in informationretrieval using NLP which

Alan F. Smeaton

1997-01-01

264

Definition of the Informational Requirements of Hydrologic Resource Managers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the integrated study are; (1) to delinate the parameters involved in hydrologic systems; (2) to outline the conventional means used in acquiring information relative to those parameters; and (3) to consider the potential usefulness of modern remote sensing techniques for acquiring certain parts of this information.

Burgy, R. H.; Storm, D. R.

1971-01-01

265

Introduction The Web is a collection of information resources  

E-print Network

, intended query terms, search frequency for information on their topic, and demographic data. Results show in the access capabilities of Web search engines. Most Web search engines are similar to access mecha- nisms and relevance ranking). In the broadest sense, the Web search engines are a gateway to information services

Jansen, James

266

Raman microspectroscopy of soot and related carbonaceous materials: Spectral analysis and structural information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental conditions and mathematical fitting procedures for the collection and analysis of Raman spectra of soot and related carbonaceous materials have been investigated and optimised with a Raman microscope system operated at three different laser excitation wavelengths (514, 633, and 780nm). Several band combinations for spectral analysis have been tested, and a combination of four Lorentzian-shaped bands (G, D1, D2,

A. Sadezky; H. Muckenhuber; H. Grothe; R. Niessner; U. Pschl

2005-01-01

267

Information for new students... Computing Resources at the  

E-print Network

a smartphone you can access a variety of Mines online information through special custom Mines Mobile apps. See more details here: http://inside.mines.edu/Mines-Mobile. Q. My laptop can't access the campus network;

268

77 FR 67361 - Request for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking Water Resources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...research on the potential impacts of hydraulic...fracturing on drinking water resources. DATES...to understand the potential impacts of hydraulic...fracturing on drinking water resources, if any...research study on the potential impacts of hydraulic...fracturing on drinking water resources....

2012-11-09

269

78 FR 25267 - Request for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking Water Resources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...research on the potential impacts of hydraulic...fracturing on drinking water resources from April...entitled, Study of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic...Fracturing on Drinking Water Resources: PROGRESS...literature specific to potential impacts of hydraulic...fracturing on drinking water resources....

2013-04-30

270

Understanding Intention to Use Electronic Information Resources: A Theoretical Extension of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)  

PubMed Central

This study extended the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) by examining the roles of two aspects of e-resource characteristics, namely, information quality and system quality, in predicting public health students intention to use e-resources for completing research paper assignments. Both focus groups and a questionnaire were used to collect data. Descriptive analysis, data screening, and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) techniques were used for data analysis. The study found that perceived usefulness played a major role in determining students intention to use e-resources. Perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use fully mediated the impact that information quality and system quality had on behavior intention. The research model enriches the existing technology acceptance literature by extending TAM. Representing two aspects of e-resource characteristics provides greater explanatory information for diagnosing problems of system design, development, and implementation. PMID:18999300

Tao, Donghua

2008-01-01

271

Deriving vegetation fraction information for the alpine grassland on the Tibetan plateau using in situ spectral data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vegetation fraction (VF) is the indispensable factor involved in the assessment of land degradation in the inclement climate condition and harsh natural environment. Based on the analysis of an in situ spectral dataset of alpine grasslands on the Tibetan plateau, we assessed the performance of 28 widely used vegetation indices (VIs) and a spectral mixture analysis (SMA) model applied on the analytical spectral device and simulated enhanced thematic mapper (ETM)+ and Huan Jing (HJ)-1 data to select a method for retrieving VF there. The results show that simple VIs are competent for extracting VF information, and VIs with an extra blue band involved will produce a better performance. However, involvement of too many more bands does not yield much higher accuracy, indicated by the fact that hyperspectral VIs are not superior to multispectral ones in our case. The SMA model provides an acceptable accuracy as well but lower than that of VI regression. In addition, the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) values of vegetation and soil, generally, as the key parameter in the widely used NDVI-SMA model is obtained, and this would benefit the application of this model to derive VF of alpine grasslands on the Tibetan plateau with minimal or no need for field work support.

Liu, Bo; Shen, Weishou; Lin, Naifeng; Li, Ru; Yue, Yuemin

2014-01-01

272

The research of government collaboration patterns based on the government information resource interchange framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper puts forward an information resource interchange framework which supports government collaboration. With the investigation of the government collaboration requirements in Beijing in the past five years, the authors established a generic information interchange framework. The framework has been reused in Beijing municipal government and its six subordinate governments. Through supporting over 80 inter-departmental affairs by the end of

Jun Cheng; Xiaobin Huang; Kai Peng

2009-01-01

273

Utilizing semantic Web Services in factory automation towards integrating resource constrained devices into enterprise information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an advanced two-part middleware solution to the problem of integrating resource constrained devices located in the field of factory automation, such as wireless sensor networks, into an enterprise information system. These networks seem to present the most difficult part to be integrated into such information systems. The first part of the proposed middleware is implemented at the

Ioakeim K. Samaras; John V. Gialelis; George D. Hassapis; Vincent A. Akpan

2009-01-01

274

Uniform Resource Locators (URLs): Powerful Reference Tools for Librarians and Information Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is a network of networks which continually accumulates and amasses information, much of which is without organization and evaluation. This study addresses the need for establishing a database of Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), and for collecting, organizing, indexing, and publishing catalogs of URLs. Librarians and information

Smith, Teresa S.

275

New York State Forum for Information Resource Management: 1999-2000 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report of the New York State Forum for Information Resource Management begins with a section that summarizes key activities for 1999-2000, including partnerships with other organizations, efforts to promote effective technology workforce planning in New York State government, tracking information management developments related to

New York State Forum for Information Resource Management.

276

Integrated scheduling and resource management. [for Space Station Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper examines the problem of integrated scheduling during the Space Station era. Scheduling for Space Station entails coordinating the support of many distributed users who are sharing common resources and pursuing individual and sometimes conflicting objectives. This paper compares the scheduling integration problems of current missions with those anticipated for the Space Station era. It examines the facilities and the proposed operations environment for Space Station. It concludes that the pattern of interdependecies among the users and facilities, which are the source of the integration problem is well structured, allowing a dividing of the larger problem into smaller problems. It proposes an architecture to support integrated scheduling by scheduling efficiently at local facilities as a function of dependencies with other facilities of the program. A prototype is described that is being developed to demonstrate this integration concept.

Ward, M. T.

1987-01-01

277

Assessment of drug information resource preferences of pharmacy students and faculty.  

PubMed

A 39-item survey instrument was distributed to faculty and students at Wingate University School of Pharmacy to assess student and faculty drug information (DI) resource use and access preferences. The response rate was 81% (n?=?289). Faculty and professional year 2 to 4 students preferred access on laptop or desktop computers (67% and 75%, respectively), followed by smartphones (27% and 22%, respectively). Most faculty and students preferred using Lexicomp Online for drug information (53% and 74%, respectively). Results indicate that DI resources use is similar between students and faculty; laptop or desktop computers are the preferred platforms for accessing drug information. PMID:24860270

Hanrahan, Conor T; Cole, Sabrina W

2014-04-01

278

Assessment of drug information resource preferences of pharmacy students and faculty  

PubMed Central

A 39-item survey instrument was distributed to faculty and students at Wingate University School of Pharmacy to assess student and faculty drug information (DI) resource use and access preferences. The response rate was 81% (n?=?289). Faculty and professional year 2 to 4 students preferred access on laptop or desktop computers (67% and 75%, respectively), followed by smartphones (27% and 22%, respectively). Most faculty and students preferred using Lexicomp Online for drug information (53% and 74%, respectively). Results indicate that DI resources use is similar between students and faculty; laptop or desktop computers are the preferred platforms for accessing drug information. PMID:24860270

Hanrahan, Conor T.; Cole, Sabrina W.

2014-01-01

279

Sharing Administrative Information Resources through Office Systems Networks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By linking office systems technology with data processing operations within colleges, administrative support can be improved in the areas of: office records management, document creation and dissemination, management information, data processing, and office communications. Systems implementation efforts at Penn State are outlined. (Author/MLW)

Blunt, Charles R.; Hazboun, Kamal A.

1983-01-01

280

Characterizing Information for Internet Resource Discovery Michael F. Schwartz  

E-print Network

is extracting keywords from the contents of documents. This technique is used by WAIS and bibliographic indexing of the information being characterized. For example, WAIS eliminates common words, ex- tracts root forms of word variants, and generates relevance weightings by frequency of occurrence. Since WAIS operates on very

Schwartz, Michael F.

281

Who Knows? Selected Information Resources on International Social Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two annotated listings cite organizations, groups, and programs that provide information on international social affairs. The entries were selected from the data base of the National Referral Center of the Library of Congress. Listings are organized under the following headings: volunteer agencies; food; law; health; population; rural

Feulner, John A., Comp.

282

MDPD: an integrated genetic information resource for Parkinson's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting mil- lions of people. Both environmental and genetic fac- tors play important roles in its causation and development. Genetic analysis has shown that over 100 genes are correlated with the etiology and pathology of PD. However, accessing genetic information in a consistent and fruitful way is not an easy

Suisheng Tang; Zhuo Zhang; Gopalakrishnan Kavitha; Eng-king Tan; Ng See-kiong

2009-01-01

283

Access and use of information resources by Massachusetts  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the way in which the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection uses risk assessment to implement the state`s environmental laws. It focuses on the Office of Research and Standards, which was created to provide information on adverse health effects of environmental contaminants, to recommend exposure levels, and to direct and manage research programs.

West, C.R. [Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Boston (United States)

1990-12-31

284

Division of Human Resources FMLA Information for Departments  

E-print Network

and Supervisors Need to Know Family and Medical Leave Act regulations, overseen by the US Department of Labor so places the university in non-compliance with Federal law and regulations. A manager or supervisor reasons or to care for a medical condition of a spouse, parent, or child. · If an employee informs

Meyers, Steven D.

285

FY 1991--FY 1995 Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy has consolidated its plans for Information Systems, Computing Resources, and Telecommunications into a single document, the Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan. The consolidation was done as a joint effort by the Office of ADP Management and the Office of Computer Services and Telecommunications Management under the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Administration, Information, and Facilities Management. This Plan is the product of a long-range planning process used to project both future information technology requirements and the resources necessary to meet those requirements. It encompasses the plans of the various organizational components within the Department and its management and operating contractors over the next 5 fiscal years, 1991 through 1995.

Not Available

1989-12-01

286

Information Resource: About Herbs, Botanicals, and Other Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site from the Integrative Medicine Service of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) provides oncologists and other healthcare professionals with objective information on medicinal herbs and other botanicals. Users may search for a particular plant name or browse the entire catalog by letter of the alphabet. Searches yield a clinical summary for each plant, a description of purported uses, information on adverse effects and drug interactions, and so on. The site also includes a News and Alerts section, a FAQs page (mostly about possible risks and complications), and evaluations of alternative or unproved cancer therapies. The general reader should also find this regularly updated Web site helpful, but MSKCC cautions against substituting the site "for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment of any health condition or problem."

2001-01-01

287

HIV-AIDS Information Resources from the NLM - ACIO  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the treatment and management of HIV\\/AIDS continues to evolve with new scientific breakthroughs, treatment discoveries, and management challenges, it is difficult for people living with HIV\\/AIDS and those who care for them to keep up with the latest information on HIV\\/AIDS screening and testing, prevention, treatment, and research. The National Library of Medicine;\\u000a(NLM), of the National Institutes of

Templin-Branner

2010-01-01

288

Information systems for the materials management department: stand-alone and enterprise resource planning systems.  

PubMed

Materials management information systems (MMISs) incorporate information tools that hospitals can use to automate certain business processes, increase staff compliance with these processes, and identify opportunities for cost savings. Recently, there has been a push by hospital administration to purchase enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, information systems that promise to integrate many more facets of healthcare business. We offer this article to help materials managers, administrators, and others involved with information system selection understand the changes that have taken place in materials management information systems, decide whether they need a new system and, if so, whether a stand-alone MMIS or an ERP system will be the best choice. PMID:15887634

2005-03-01

289

Information technologies as a basis for the modernization of Russian intellectual resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an attempt to validate the development of information technologies (IT) as a source for forming the core innovative\\u000a trend, i. e., creative power, and upgrading national intellectual resources. A particular attention is paid to the possibilities\\u000a of adopting IT in the national education system, distance learning, and accumulation of data resources. A number of measures\\u000a is offered

S. P. Petukhova

2011-01-01

290

Resources Information Standards Committee Library and Archives of Canada Cataloguing in Publication Data  

E-print Network

The vertebrates and invertebrates of British Columbia [electronic resource]: scientific and English names / prepared by Ministry of Environment, Ecosystems Branch for the Resources Information Standards Committee.--Version 1.0. (Standards for components of British Columbia's biodiversity; no. 2) Available on the Internet. This publication replaces The vertebrates of British Columbia: scientific and English names (Version 3.0) and its accompanying errata--Pref. Includes bibliographical references.

Ecosystems Branch; For The

2008-01-01

291

Study on the digitized and quantified evaluating method for the super information cluster of traditional Chinese medicine ultraviolet spectral fingerprints  

PubMed Central

The theories of ultraviolet spectral fingerprint (UVFP) index, information index, fluctuation index, information fluctuation index combined with the quantified UV fingerprint method (QUFM) had been established and put into practice in the Ginkgo Tablets (GT) quality evaluation. The flowing injection analysis (FIA) coupled with a diode array detector was applied as a novel method to obtain the UVFP in the region of 190-400 nm at which the absorption can reflect all the information of the chemical constituents contained ???*, n??* and n??* transition. The result showed that all batches were qualified (Grade ?3) except S8 for its too high contents. It was proved that this method made the expression of superposed information in UVFP of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) digitized and simple. Whats more, an approach which can test the total chemical content with the chromophoric characteristics in the complex system of TCM rapidly, simply and accurately was achieved by the application of QUFM. In one word, it made the exploration of the general characteristic information of the molecular absorption complex TCM in the ultraviolet regions feasible and possible. PMID:25332974

Li, Lifeng; Liu, Zhongbo; Li, Yanfei

2013-01-01

292

Equilibrating errors: reliable estimation of information transmission rates in biological systems with spectral analysis-based methods.  

PubMed

Shannon's seminal approach to estimating information capacity is widely used to quantify information processing by biological systems. However, the Shannon information theory, which is based on power spectrum estimation, necessarily contains two sources of error: time delay bias error and random error. These errors are particularly important for systems with relatively large time delay values and for responses of limited duration, as is often the case in experimental work. The window function type and size chosen, as well as the values of inherent delays cause changes in both the delay bias and random errors, with possibly strong effect on the estimates of system properties. Here, we investigated the properties of these errors using white-noise simulations and analysis of experimental photoreceptor responses to naturalistic and white-noise light contrasts. Photoreceptors were used from several insect species, each characterized by different visual performance, behavior, and ecology. We show that the effect of random error on the spectral estimates of photoreceptor performance (gain, coherence, signal-to-noise ratio, Shannon information rate) is opposite to that of the time delay bias error: the former overestimates information rate, while the latter underestimates it. We propose a new algorithm for reducing the impact of time delay bias error and random error, based on discovering, and then using that size of window, at which the absolute values of these errors are equal and opposite, thus cancelling each other, allowing minimally biased measurement of neural coding. PMID:24692025

Ignatova, Irina; French, Andrew S; Immonen, Esa-Ville; Frolov, Roman; Weckstrm, Matti

2014-06-01

293

Calculation of the information content of retrieval procedures applied to mass spectral data bases  

Microsoft Academic Search

A procedure has been developed for estimating the information content of retrieval systems with binary-coded mass spectra, as well as mass spectra coded by other methods, from the statistical properties of a reference file. For a reference file, binary-coded with a threshold of 1% of the intensity of the base peak, this results typically in an estimated information content of

Geert Van Marlen; Auke Dijkstra; Henk A. Van't Klooster

1979-01-01

294

The Web as an Information Resource in K-12 Education: Strategies for Supporting Students in Searching and Processing Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of the Web in K-12 education has increased substantially in recent years. The Web, however, does not support the learning processes of students as a matter of course. In this review, the authors analyze what research says about the demands that the use of the Web as an information resource in education makes on the support and supervision

Kuiper, Els; Volman, Monique; Terwel, Jan

2005-01-01

295

Earth and Planetary Science 120/Energy and Resources 130 Fall 2005 Analysis of Environmental Data Organizational Information  

E-print Network

Earth and Planetary Science 120/Energy and Resources 130 Fall 2005 Analysis of Environmental Data Organizational Information Registration: Earth and Planetary Science C120 -- or -- Energy and Resources C130

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

296

Research in physical medicine and rehabilitation X. Information resources.  

PubMed

Researchers in physical medicine and rehabilitation require access to information regarding possible interventions and programs, available services and technology, research (published, unpublished and in progress), statistics on incidence, prevalence and expected recovery, and funding sources. This paper provides an overview to the most readily available sources of information, including 16 abstracts and indexes, 6 sources of review articles, 9 population statistical databases and 84 journals specifically devoted to rehabilitation. Of these journals, 29 may be accessed through Medline and 32 through other sources. An additional 58 journals indexed in Medline publish more than 16 rehabilitation articles per year. The journals within Medline that publish the most rehabilitation articles are listed by topic area: geriatric rehabilitation, cardiac rehabilitation, pediatric rehabilitation, rehabilitation research, self-help devices, sports medicine and rheumatologic rehabilitation. Specific search strategies that may be used for any computer assisted search of Medline are given to locate articles in these topic areas and also the following areas: amputee rehabilitation, spinal cord injury rehabilitation, traumatic brain injury rehabilitation, cerebral palsy rehabilitation, stroke rehabilitation, decubitus care, electrodiagnosis, rehabilitation engineering, pain rehabilitation, pulmonary rehabilitation, sexual rehabilitation and urologic rehabilitation. The user friendly Grateful Med software is introduced for simplified online Medline searching. Exercises are provided for starting a journal club with the retrieved articles. PMID:2222988

Davis, A M; Findley, T W

1990-10-01

297

Quantifying spectral changes experienced by plasmonic nanoparticles in a cellular environment to inform biomedical nanoparticle design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal nanoparticles (NPs) scatter and absorb light in precise, designable ways, making them agile candidates for a variety of biomedical applications. When NPs are introduced to a physiological environment and interact with cells, their physicochemical properties can change as proteins adsorb on their surface and they agglomerate within intracellular endosomal vesicles. Since the plasmonic properties of metal NPs are dependent on their geometry and local environment, these physicochemical changes may alter the NPs' plasmonic properties, on which applications such as plasmonic photothermal therapy and photonic gene circuits are based. Here we systematically study and quantify how metal NPs' optical spectra change upon introduction to a cellular environment in which NPs agglomerate within endosomal vesicles. Using darkfield hyperspectral imaging, we measure changes in the peak wavelength, broadening, and distribution of 100-nm spherical gold NPs' optical spectra following introduction to human breast adenocarcinoma Sk-Br-3 cells as a function of NP exposure dose and time. On a cellular level, spectra shift up to 78.6 23.5 nm after 24 h of NP exposure. Importantly, spectra broaden with time, achieving a spectral width of 105.9 11.7 nm at 95% of the spectrum's maximum intensity after 24 h. On an individual intracellular NP cluster (NPC) level, spectra also show significant shifting, broadening, and heterogeneity after 24 h. Cellular transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electromagnetic simulations of NPCs support the trends in spectral changes we measured. These quantitative data can help guide the design of metal NPs introduced to cellular environments in plasmonic NP-mediated biomedical technologies.

Chen, Allen L.; Hu, Ying S.; Jackson, Meredith A.; Lin, Adam Y.; Young, Joseph K.; Langsner, Robert J.; Drezek, Rebekah A.

2014-08-01

298

Quantifying spectral changes experienced by plasmonic nanoparticles in a cellular environment to inform biomedical nanoparticle design.  

PubMed

Metal nanoparticles (NPs) scatter and absorb light in precise, designable ways, making them agile candidates for a variety of biomedical applications. When NPs are introduced to a physiological environment and interact with cells, their physicochemical properties can change as proteins adsorb on their surface and they agglomerate within intracellular endosomal vesicles. Since the plasmonic properties of metal NPs are dependent on their geometry and local environment, these physicochemical changes may alter the NPs' plasmonic properties, on which applications such as plasmonic photothermal therapy and photonic gene circuits are based. Here we systematically study and quantify how metal NPs' optical spectra change upon introduction to a cellular environment in which NPs agglomerate within endosomal vesicles. Using darkfield hyperspectral imaging, we measure changes in the peak wavelength, broadening, and distribution of 100-nm spherical gold NPs' optical spectra following introduction to human breast adenocarcinoma Sk-Br-3 cells as a function of NP exposure dose and time. On a cellular level, spectra shift up to 78.6??23.5nm after 24h of NP exposure. Importantly, spectra broaden with time, achieving a spectral width of 105.9??11.7nm at 95% of the spectrum's maximum intensity after 24h. On an individual intracellular NP cluster (NPC) level, spectra also show significant shifting, broadening, and heterogeneity after 24h. Cellular transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electromagnetic simulations of NPCs support the trends in spectral changes we measured. These quantitative data can help guide the design of metal NPs introduced to cellular environments in plasmonic NP-mediated biomedical technologies. PMID:25258596

Chen, Allen L; Hu, Ying S; Jackson, Meredith A; Lin, Adam Y; Young, Joseph K; Langsner, Robert J; Drezek, Rebekah A

2014-01-01

299

Quantifying spectral changes experienced by plasmonic nanoparticles in a cellular environment to inform biomedical nanoparticle design  

PubMed Central

Metal nanoparticles (NPs) scatter and absorb light in precise, designable ways, making them agile candidates for a variety of biomedical applications. When NPs are introduced to a physiological environment and interact with cells, their physicochemical properties can change as proteins adsorb on their surface and they agglomerate within intracellular endosomal vesicles. Since the plasmonic properties of metal NPs are dependent on their geometry and local environment, these physicochemical changes may alter the NPs' plasmonic properties, on which applications such as plasmonic photothermal therapy and photonic gene circuits are based. Here we systematically study and quantify how metal NPs' optical spectra change upon introduction to a cellular environment in which NPs agglomerate within endosomal vesicles. Using darkfield hyperspectral imaging, we measure changes in the peak wavelength, broadening, and distribution of 100-nm spherical gold NPs' optical spectra following introduction to human breast adenocarcinoma Sk-Br-3 cells as a function of NP exposure dose and time. On a cellular level, spectra shift up to 78.6??23.5nm after 24h of NP exposure. Importantly, spectra broaden with time, achieving a spectral width of 105.9??11.7nm at 95% of the spectrum's maximum intensity after 24h. On an individual intracellular NP cluster (NPC) level, spectra also show significant shifting, broadening, and heterogeneity after 24h. Cellular transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electromagnetic simulations of NPCs support the trends in spectral changes we measured. These quantitative data can help guide the design of metal NPs introduced to cellular environments in plasmonic NP-mediated biomedical technologies.

2014-01-01

300

Information resources for assessing health effects from chemical exposure: Challenges, priorities, and future issues  

SciTech Connect

Issues related to developing information resources for assessing the health effects from chemical exposure include the question of how to address the individual political issues relevant to identifying and determining the timeliness, scientific credibility, and completeness of such kinds of information resources. One of the important ways for agencies to share information is through connection tables. This type of software is presently being used to build information products for some DHHS agencies. One of the challenges will be to convince vendors of data of the importance of trying to make data files available to communities that need them. In the future, information processing will be conducted with neural networks, object-oriented database management systems, and fuzzy-set technologies, and meta analysis techniques.

Seigel, S. [National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD (United States)

1990-12-31

301

Earth resources shuttle imaging radar. [systems analysis and design analysis of pulse radar for earth resources information system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A report is presented on a preliminary design of a Synthetic Array Radar (SAR) intended for experimental use with the space shuttle program. The radar is called Earth Resources Shuttle Imaging Radar (ERSIR). Its primary purpose is to determine the usefulness of SAR in monitoring and managing earth resources. The design of the ERSIR, along with tradeoffs made during its evolution is discussed. The ERSIR consists of a flight sensor for collecting the raw radar data and a ground sensor used both for reducing these radar data to images and for extracting earth resources information from the data. The flight sensor consists of two high powered coherent, pulse radars, one that operates at L and the other at X-band. Radar data, recorded on tape can be either transmitted via a digital data link to a ground terminal or the tape can be delivered to the ground station after the shuttle lands. A description of data processing equipment and display devices is given.

1975-01-01

302

The Western New York Health Resources Project: developing access to local health information.  

PubMed Central

The Western New York Health Resources Project was created to fill a gap in online access to local health information resources describing the health of a defined geographic area. The project sought to identify and describe information scattered among many institutions, agencies, and individuals, and to create a database that would be widely accessible. The project proceeded in three phases with initial phases supported by grant funding. This paper describes the database development and selection of content, and concludes that a national online network of local health data representing the various geographic regions of the United States would contribute to the quality of health care in general. PMID:9681168

Gray, S A; O'Shea, R; Petty, M E; Loonsk, J

1998-01-01

303

Canopy characterization from spectral and directional information through radiative transfer model inversion using prior information and quantification of the model uncertainties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Canopy reflectance model inversion is an appealing approach to estimate vegetation characteristics from remote sensing data. The quality of the derived variables depends on the ability of the models to represent the radiance field emerging from the canopy. The non-unicity of the inverse problem results mainly from inadequacies between measured and simulated reflectances due to: the measurement errors, the description of the canopy state variables, the intrinsic approximations of the radiative transfer model. The approach developed here intends to investigate the way to improve the retrieval of vegetation biophysical variables when using multi-angular and multi-spectral reflectance data, while taking into account the corresponding model inadequacy. Inversions are conducted iteratively with the PROSPECT+SAIL model which was already evaluated in such remote sensing studies. A sequential estimation algorithm was implemented to: 1) learn the covariance matrix between simulated and measured reflectance using prior information on the biophysical variables, 2) operationally estimate the variables of interest. It is applied on airborne HyMap and POLDER data acquired during the DAISEX 1999 campaign : first on HyMap alone, second on POLDER alone, and finally on HyMap + POLDER, to evaluate the interest in coupling multidirectionnal and hyperspectral imagery. The combination of the spectral and directional sampling by enhancing the radiometric information may help reducing 1) the ambiguities between the canopy biophysical variables, as for instance leaf and soil optical properties mainly govern the spectral variation of reflectance whereas canopy structure shapes its directional dimension, 2) the saturation effects of reflectance levels in case of denser canopies. The estimation performances are determined with respect to in situ measurements of leaf area index on sugar beet and corn crops, and to other estimation algorithms (vegetation indices, neural network inversion).

Bacour, C.; Baret, F.

2003-04-01

304

Hydrological externalities and livelihoods impacts: Informed communities for better resource management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryHydrological knowledge or information has mostly remained in the domain of scientific community. The communities that interact with the hydrological aspects such as groundwater and surface water on a day to day basis are hardly aware of the information that could critically influence their livelihoods. From the perspective of the communities' information pertaining to groundwater aquifer characters, potential to provide the water resource, surface groundwater interactions in varying geo-hydrological conditions are important. The 'public good' nature of the resources and their linkages with ecological systems gives rise to externalities that could be pervasive. In a number of countries, especially the developing countries, groundwater is the single largest source of drinking as well as irrigation water. In the absence of scientific information with the communities, extraction of groundwater resources for productive purposes has become a risky venture leading to adverse impacts on livelihoods. The externalities associated with over exploitation of groundwater resources and the resulting widespread well failure is identified as one of the main reasons for pushing farmers into debt trap and one of the reasons for farmer suicides in India. The negative externalities are increasingly becoming severe in the context of climate variability. This paper attempts to highlight the importance of hydrological information to the user communities from a socioeconomic perspective using a newly developed framework 'REDUCE' based on theories of effective communication. It shows, based on the evidence, how farming communities are getting affected in the absence of the basic hydrological information across socioeconomic groups. It is argued, using relevant information that the negative externalities could be mitigated to a large extent with proper dissemination of information among the communities and capacitating them to measure and use the information on their own. In order to make the hydrological information relevant and useful for the communities at the macro level, there are six key areas to be addressed viz., Resource (water), Estimation or Evaluation, Distribution, Users, Communication and Execution. Ground water extraction and use is associated with mostly negative externalities. Estimation methods and scale are not commensurate with the users' needs. The natural distribution pattern of the groundwater accentuates the inequalities in its access and use. These inequalities could be corrected through proper policy interventions that pave the way for treating the resources as a common pool resource instead of allowing it to be exploited like a private resource. That is, the hydrological resources ought to be brought under the management regime with the help of policy and governance structures. Users neither have the wherewithal to obtain the right kind of information nor the ability to manage the resource judiciously without institutional support. In this context the communication part of the process of groundwater management becomes important. The external agencies like the NGOs, scientists and policy makers and implementers have to interact and provide the right kind of information packaged to suit the needs of the users. Innovative execution of policies through evolution of institutional mechanisms and user involvement is key to the success of groundwater management.

Reddy, V. Ratna

2012-01-01

305

Information-theory-based band selection and utility evaluation for reflective spectral systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a methodology for wavelength band selection. This methodology can be used in system design studies to provide an optimal sensor cost, data reduction, and data utility trade-off relative to a specific application. The methodology combines an information theory- based criterion for band selection with a genetic algorithm to search for a near-optimal solution. We have applied this

Sylvia S. Shen; Edward M. Bassett

2002-01-01

306

PROBABILITIES OF PEAK OCCURRENCE AND INFORMATION CONTENT OF THE NBS/EPA/MSDC MASS SPECTRAL DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The probabilities of peak occurrence and binary information contents were calculated for the 43990 mass spectra in the 1987 NBS/EPA/MSDC database. he median molecular weight of compounds in the database was 230. ompounds composed of combinations of C, H, N, and 0 comprised 64% of...

307

Information Resources on Online at the Reference Desk. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen articles and reports published between 1982 and 1984 and cited in "Current Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online services at the reference desk. Topics include interpersonal relations as a necessary part of the information transfer process; role of the searcher versus that

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

308

A Report to the Florida Legislature on Developing a Florida Information Resource Network (FIRN). Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second-year project report describes the current status and future planned development of the Florida Information Resource Network (FIRN), an evolving statewide system which will make possible the electronic movement of educational data between Florida's public schools, school districts, colleges, universities, the Department of Education

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

309

A Report to the Florida Legislature on Developing a Florida Information Resource Network (FIRN).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a legislative proviso, this project report presents an introductory development plan for the Florida Information Resource Network (FIRN), which is designed to connect Florida's public schools, school districts, Department of Education (DOE), and Legislature as part of a statewide online interactive educational data retrieval and

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee.

310

Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist  

E-print Network

. In addition to videodisks and CD-ROMs, hundreds of anatomy web sites present Visible Human and other1 Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist for learning and teaching anatomy as medical students, and have also examined available anatomy web sites

Washington at Seattle, University of

311

The Overlooked Factor: The Resource Issue as the Shaper of Library and Information School Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey of constraints upon capacity for curriculum enrichment in schools of library and information studies in England and Wales reveals a lack of financial support with resources fixed to "historic costs." Discussion includes the effect on curricula, who's to blame for funding inadequacies, and strategies to secure adequate future funds. (MBR)

Davinson, Donald; Roberts, Norman

1985-01-01

312

Geospatial analysis of soil information for Flat Creek Watershed resource assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performing a geospatial analysis of soil information for a watershed resource assessment requires an integration of various software and geospatial data elements from numerous sources. ESRI's ArcView 3.x GIS software and specialized extensions were used to delineate the watershed boundary of the selected project for Flat Creek Watershed in Amelia County, Virginia. Since this study was performed with availing assistance

Alicia Merritt; Belinda Barnard; Shobha Sriharan

2004-01-01

313

EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION FROM HUMAN RESOURCES There are three ways to apply for Support Staff  

E-print Network

Rev 12/09 EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION FROM HUMAN RESOURCES There are three ways to apply for Support Staff position vacancies: 1. Cover letter and resumé 2. Application for Employment form with attached resumé 3. Application for Employment form without attached resumé · Be sure to indicate the position

Martin, Jeff

314

EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION FROM HUMAN RESOURCES There are three ways to apply for Support Staff  

E-print Network

Rev 07/12 EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION FROM HUMAN RESOURCES There are three ways to apply for Support Staff position vacancies: 1. Cover letter and resumé 2. Application for Employment form with attached resumé 3. Application for Employment form without attached resumé Be sure to indicate the position's job

Martin, Jeff

315

A Personalised Information Support System for Searching Portals and E-Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of a personalised information support system to help faculty members to search various portals and e-resources without typing the search terms in different interfaces and to obtain results re-ordered without human intervention. Design/methodology/approach: After a careful survey of

Sirisha, B. S.; Jeevan, V. K. J.; Raja Kumar, R. V.; Goswami, A.

2009-01-01

316

Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be

Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

2010-01-01

317

National Information Clearinghouse on Children Who Are Deaf-Blind (DB-LINK). National Resource Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide, consisting of pages downloaded from the DB-LINK Web site, is designed to assist parents, professionals, and others in identifying services that hold the potential for supporting and improving the lives of children and youth who experience combined vision and hearing loss. Information is provided on: (1) the American

National Information Clearinghouse on Children Who Are Deaf-Blind, Monmouth, OR.

318

Measuring the Informal Economy: A Validation Study of the Resource Generating Strategies Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article reports on the reliability and validity of a new instrument called the Resource Generating Strategies (RGS) Scale, which was created to measure participation in the informal economy. Method: Researchers interviewed 285 adult women who had received domestic violence services, were currently incarcerated, or were residing in

Pyles, Loretta

2007-01-01

319

Preservation and Conservation of Information Resources in the University of Zambia Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservation and conservation of library materials is an important aspect of library and information management. Their importance and necessity are more paramount in countries where resources are limited and libraries need to balance them with the needs of an ever increasing number of students hoping to use them. This article reports on the

Kanyengo, Christine Wamunyima

2009-01-01

320

A Guide to Resources on Youth as Leaders and Partners: Strategies, Programs, and Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indiana Youth Institute (IYI) is an intermediary agency which supports adults statewide who care about youth. This handbook, which considers young people as resources, serves as a bridge to more information on youth involvement. It defines youth leadership and participation; provides program ideas and strategies; lays the foundation for

Ma, Xuan

321

A Resource Pack for Careers Education and Information, Advice and Guidance Practitioners  

E-print Network

A Resource Pack for Careers Education and Information, Advice and Guidance Practitioners STEM, Engineering and Maths (STEM) delivered by the Centre for Science Education at Sheffield Hallam University of STEM and the contribution of careers education and IAG 1 6. STEM Careers Starters and Plenaries

Harman, Neal.A.

322

Design and implementation to intelligent online exam system for course Information Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared with the traditional exam, online examination system can greatly enhance the evaluation capacities, reduce the human input and improve the work efficiencies. So it has considerable economical efficiency and broad prospect. Examination is used in course Information Resource Management in order to solve the problems in evaluating. An intelligent online exam system is developed and the examination library of

Ming Xiao; Liyang He

2010-01-01

323

A Bibliography of Publications about the Educational Resources Information Center. (Covering the Period 1979-1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of a comprehensive search for documents about the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) published between 1979 and 1984, this bibliography lists 131 entries which approach ERIC in several different ways: documents of historical interest in the development of ERIC; "how to" items whose object is to initiate the user into the

Brandhorst, Ted, Ed.

324

The Use of Information Technology in Training Human Resources: An E-Learning Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the influence of information technology in human resources management (HRM) and specifically on training policy through the experience of a Spanish telecommunications firm, "Telefonica". The characteristics of the training model designed by this firm to face new environments is considered and the technologies used, the key

Gasco, Jose L.; Llopis, Juan; Gonzalez, M. Reyes

2004-01-01

325

ANL site response for the DOE FY1994 information resources management long-range plan  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory's ANL Site Response for the DOE FY1994 Information Resources Management (IRM) Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 500) is one of many contributions to the DOE information resources management long-range planning process and, as such, is an integral part of the DOE policy and program planning system. The Laboratory has constructed this response according to instructions in a Call issued in September 1991 by the DOE Office of IRM Policy, Plans and Oversight. As one of a continuing series, this Site Response is an update and extension of the Laboratory's previous submissions. The response contains both narrative and tabular material. It covers an eight-year period consisting of the base year (FY1991), the current year (FY1992), the budget year (FY1993), the plan year (FY1994), and the out years (FY1995-FY1998). This Site Response was compiled by Argonne National Laboratory's Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD), which has the responsibility to provide leadership in optimizing computing and information services and disseminating computer-related technologies throughout the Laboratory. The Site Response consists of 5 parts: (1) a site overview, describes the ANL mission, overall organization structure, the strategic approach to meet information resource needs, the planning process, major issues and points of contact. (2) a software plan for DOE contractors, Part 2B, Software Plan FMS plan for DOE organizations, (3) computing resources telecommunications, (4) telecommunications, (5) printing and publishing.

Boxberger, L.M.

1992-03-01

326

ANL site response for the DOE FY1994 information resources management long-range plan  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory`s ANL Site Response for the DOE FY1994 Information Resources Management (IRM) Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 500) is one of many contributions to the DOE information resources management long-range planning process and, as such, is an integral part of the DOE policy and program planning system. The Laboratory has constructed this response according to instructions in a Call issued in September 1991 by the DOE Office of IRM Policy, Plans and Oversight. As one of a continuing series, this Site Response is an update and extension of the Laboratory`s previous submissions. The response contains both narrative and tabular material. It covers an eight-year period consisting of the base year (FY1991), the current year (FY1992), the budget year (FY1993), the plan year (FY1994), and the out years (FY1995-FY1998). This Site Response was compiled by Argonne National Laboratory`s Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD), which has the responsibility to provide leadership in optimizing computing and information services and disseminating computer-related technologies throughout the Laboratory. The Site Response consists of 5 parts: (1) a site overview, describes the ANL mission, overall organization structure, the strategic approach to meet information resource needs, the planning process, major issues and points of contact. (2) a software plan for DOE contractors, Part 2B, ``Software Plan FMS plan for DOE organizations, (3) computing resources telecommunications, (4) telecommunications, (5) printing and publishing.

Boxberger, L.M.

1992-03-01

327

Supporting Learning and Information Sharing in Natural Resource Management with Technologies for Electronic Documents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community participation is central to achieving sustainable natural resource management. A prerequisite to informed participation is that community and stakeholder groups have access to different knowledge sources, are more closely attuned to the different issues and viewpoints, and are sufficiently equipped to understand and maybe resolve complex

Alem, Leila; McLean, Alistair

2005-01-01

328

Federal Information Resources for Professional Counselors. A Sourcebook of Free and Low-cost Resources To Support and Enrich Your Work as a Professional Counselor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government supports many information clearinghouses and research institutions that produce free and low-cost publications and materials to support and enrich the work of professional counselors. This sourcebook is designed to help counselors tap into and take greater advantage of these resources. The 75 resources listed in this booklet

Holland, Heidi

329

Risk Information Management Resource (RIMR): modeling an approach to defending against military medical information assurance brain drain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As Military Medical Information Assurance organizations face off with modern pressures to downsize and outsource, they battle with losing knowledgeable people who leave and take with them what they know. This knowledge is increasingly being recognized as an important resource and organizations are now taking steps to manage it. In addition, as the pressures for globalization (Castells, 1998) increase, collaboration and cooperation are becoming more distributed and international. Knowledge sharing in a distributed international environment is becoming an essential part of Knowledge Management. This is a major shortfall in the current approach to capturing and sharing knowledge in Military Medical Information Assurance. This paper addresses this challenge by exploring Risk Information Management Resource (RIMR) as a tool for sharing knowledge using the concept of Communities of Practice. RIMR is based no the framework of sharing and using knowledge. This concept is done through three major components - people, process and technology. The people aspect enables remote collaboration, support communities of practice, reward and recognize knowledge sharing while encouraging storytelling. The process aspect enhances knowledge capture and manages information. While the technology aspect enhance system integration and data mining, it also utilizes intelligent agents and exploits expert systems. These coupled with supporting activities of education and training, technology infrastructure and information security enables effective information assurance collaboration.

Wright, Willie E.

2003-05-01

330

Use of selected toxicology information resources in assessing relationships between chemical structure and biological activity  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the subject of the use of the selected toxicology information resources in assessing relationships between chemical structure and specific end points. To assist the researcher in how to access the primary literature of genetic toxicology, teratogenesis, and carcinogenesis, three specific specialized information centers are discussed - Environmental Mutagen Information Center, Environmental Teratology Information Center, and Environmental Carcinogenesis Information Center. Also included are descriptions of information resources that contain evaluated (peer-reviewed) biological research results. The US Environmental Protection Agency Genetic Toxicology Program, the International Agency for Research on Cancer Monographs, and the Toxicology Data Bank are the best sources currently available to obtain peer-reviewed results for compounds tested for genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, and other toxicological end points. The value of published information lies in its use. It has become evident that most information cannot be accepted at face value for interpretation and analysis when subjected to stringent quality evaluation criteria. This deficit can be corrected by rigid editorship and the cognizance of authors. Increased interest in alternative methods to in vivo animal testing will be exemplified by use of short-term bioassays and in structure-activity relationship studies. With respect to this latter area, it must be remembered that mechanically (computer generated) derived data cannot substitute, at least at this stage, for data obtained from actual animal testing. The future of structure-activity relationship studies will rest only in their use as a predictive tool.

Wassom, J.S.

1985-09-01

331

National Science Resources Center Project to Improve Science Teaching in Elementary Schools. Appendix C. Elementary Science Information Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Appendix C consists of the records from the National Science Resources Center (NSRC) elementary science information database. The database includes brief annotations, as well as bibliographic information about the materials in the elementary sciences reso...

S. G. Shuler

1988-01-01

332

Criticality Safety Information Resource Center Web portal: www.csirc.net  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Criticality Safety Group (ESH-6) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is in the process of collecting and archiving historical and technical information related to nuclear criticality safety from LANL and other facilities. In an ongoing effort, this information is being made available via the Criticality Safety Information Resource Center (CSIRC) web site, which is hosted and maintained by ESH-6 staff. Recently, the CSIRC Web site was recreated as a Web portal that provides the criticality safety community with much more than just archived data.

Harmon, C.D. II; Jones, T.

2000-07-01

333

Indian aspects of drug information resources and impact of drug information centre on community.  

PubMed

Drug information centre refer to facility specially set aside for, and specializing in the provision of drug information and related issues. The purpose of drug information center is to provide authentic individualized, accurate, relevant and unbiased drug information to the consumers and healthcare professionals regarding medication related inquiries to the nation for health care and drug safety aspects by answering their call regarding the all critical problems on drug information, their uses and their side effects. Apart from that the center also provides in-depth, impartial source of crucial drug information to meet the needs of the practicing physicians, pharmacists and other health care professionals to safeguard the health, financial and legal interests of the patient and to broaden the pharmacist role visible in the society and community. The service should include collecting, reviewing, evaluating, indexing and distributing information on drugs to health workers. Drug and poisons information centers are best established within major teaching hospitals. This allows access to clinical experience, libraries, research facilities and educational activities. Information present in the current paper will not only enlighten the role of drug information center but also focused on the rational use of drug. PMID:23833748

Chauhan, Nitesh; Moin, Sabeeya; Pandey, Anushree; Mittal, Ashu; Bajaj, Umakant

2013-04-01

334

Self-Regulation and Selective Exposure: The Impact of Depleted Self-Regulation Resources on Confirmatory Information Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present research, the authors investigated the impact of self-regulation resources on confirmatory information processing, that is, the tendency of individuals to systematically prefer standpoint-consistent information to standpoint-inconsistent information in information evaluation and search. In 4 studies with political and economic decision-making scenarios, it was consistently found that individuals with depleted self-regulation resources exhibited a stronger tendency for confirmatory

Peter Fischer; Tobias Greitemeyer; Dieter Frey

2008-01-01

335

29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources-Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

on the responsibilities of information resource owners to adequately protect data residing on portable devices), and smart phones. Portable Storage Device - An easily portable device that stores electronic data. The information resource owner, or designee, is responsible for ensuring that the risk mitigation measures

336

Use of feature extraction techniques for the texture and context information in ERTS imagery: Spectral and textural processing of ERTS imagery. [classification of Kansas land use  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. A procedure was developed to extract cross-band textural features from ERTS MSS imagery. Evolving from a single image texture extraction procedure which uses spatial dependence matrices to measure relative co-occurrence of nearest neighbor grey tones, the cross-band texture procedure uses the distribution of neighboring grey tone N-tuple differences to measure the spatial interrelationships, or co-occurrences, of the grey tone N-tuples present in a texture pattern. In both procedures, texture is characterized in such a way as to be invariant under linear grey tone transformations. However, the cross-band procedure complements the single image procedure by extracting texture information and spectral information contained in ERTS multi-images. Classification experiments show that when used alone, without spectral processing, the cross-band texture procedure extracts more information than the single image texture analysis. Results show an improvement in average correct classification from 86.2% to 88.8% for ERTS image no. 1021-16333 with the cross-band texture procedure. However, when used together with spectral features, the single image texture plus spectral features perform better than the cross-band texture plus spectral features, with an average correct classification of 93.8% and 91.6%, respectively.

Haralick, R. H. (principal investigator); Bosley, R. J.

1974-01-01

337

Combining Temporal and Spectral Information with Spatial Mapping to Identify Differences between Phonological and Semantic Networks: A Magnetoencephalographic Approach  

PubMed Central

Early, lesion-based models of language processing suggested that semantic and phonological processes are associated with distinct temporal and parietal regions respectively, with frontal areas more indirectly involved. Contemporary spatial brain mapping techniques have not supported such clear-cut segregation, with strong evidence of activation in left temporal areas by both processes and disputed evidence of involvement of frontal areas in both processes. We suggest that combining spatial information with temporal and spectral data may allow a closer scrutiny of the differential involvement of closely overlapping cortical areas in language processing. Using beamforming techniques to analyze magnetoencephalography data, we localized the neuronal substrates underlying primed responses to nouns requiring either phonological or semantic processing, and examined the associated measures of time and frequency in those areas where activation was common to both tasks. Power changes in the beta (1430?Hz) and gamma (3050?Hz) frequency bands were analyzed in pre-selected time windows of 350550 and 500700?ms In left temporal regions, both tasks elicited power changes in the same time window (350550?ms), but with different spectral characteristics, low beta (1420?Hz) for the phonological task and high beta (2030?Hz) for the semantic task. In frontal areas (BA10), both tasks elicited power changes in the gamma band (3050?Hz), but in different time windows, 500700?ms for the phonological task and 350550?ms for the semantic task. In the left inferior parietal area (BA40), both tasks elicited changes in the 2030?Hz beta frequency band but in different time windows, 350550?ms for the phonological task and 500700?ms for the semantic task. Our findings suggest that, where spatial measures may indicate overlapping areas of involvement, additional beamforming techniques can demonstrate differential activation in time and frequency domains. PMID:22908001

McNab, Fiona; Hillebrand, Arjan; Swithenby, Stephen J.; Rippon, Gina

2012-01-01

338

The human resource information system: a rapid appraisal of Pakistan's capacity to employ the tool  

PubMed Central

Background Human resources are an important building block of the health system. During the last decade, enormous investment has gone into the information systems to manage human resources, but due to the lack of a clear vision, policy, and strategy, the results of these efforts have not been very visible. No reliable information portal captures the actual state of human resources in Pakistans health sector. The World Health Organization (WHO) has provided technical support for the assessment of the existing system and development of a comprehensive Human Resource Information System (HRIS) in Pakistan. Methods The questions in the WHO-HRIS Assessment tool were distributed into five thematic groups. Purposively selected (n=65) representatives from the government, private sector, and development partners participated in this cross sectional study, based on their programmatic affiliations. Results Fifty-five percent of organizations and departments have an independent Human Resources (HR) section managed by an establishment branch and are fully equipped with functional computers. Forty-five organizations (70%) had HR rules, regulations and coordination mechanisms, yet these are not implemented. Data reporting is mainly in paper form, on prescribed forms (51%), registers (3%) or even plain papers (20%). Data analysis does not give inputs to the decision making process and dissemination of information is quite erratic. Most of the organizations had no feedback mechanism for cross checking the HR data, rendering it unreliable. Conclusion Pakistan is lacking appropriate HRIS management. The current HRIS indeed has a multitude of problems. In the wake of 2011 reforms within the health sector, provinces are even in a greater need for planning their respective health department services and must work on the deficiencies and inefficiencies of their HRIS so that the gaps and HR needs are better aligned for reaching the 2015 UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets. PMID:24016066

2013-01-01

339

29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources Security Surveillance Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

. Definitions Audiovisual Surveillance - cameras or similar technology used to enhance security, safety29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources ­ Security Surveillance Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources ­ Security Surveillance Approved April 13, 2010 Revised

340

50 CFR 660.350 - Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-exempted fishing permits off...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Compensation with fish for collecting resource information-exempted...Fisheries 660.350 Compensation with fish for collecting resource information...issue an EFP allowing a vessel to retain fish as compensation in excess of trip...

2010-10-01

341

29.01.03.M1.32 Information Resources Disaster Recovery Planning Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES  

E-print Network

Statement Maintaining a disaster recovery plan as part of a business continuity plan is of key importance29.01.03.M1.32 Information Resources ­ Disaster Recovery Planning Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES 29.01.03.M1.32 Information Resources ­ Disaster Recovery Planning Revised November 5

342

29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE  

E-print Network

factor to determine protection measures that are based on value and associated risks. 1.3 Texas A29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE 29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Approved May 27, 2002 Revised May 28, 2009 Revised October 15

343

GIS 390.001, GIS 390.021, GIS 390.022 Geographic Information System (GIS) in Natural Resources  

E-print Network

1 GIS 390.001, GIS 390.021, GIS 390.022 Geographic Information System (GIS) in Natural Resources Information Systems (GIS), subsidized by Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and remote sensing, to problems in natural resource analysis. Course corequisite required GIS 390L. Prerequisite course required GIS 224

Hung, I-Kuai

344

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN MANAGING OF TERRITORIAL RESOURCES: AN EXAMPLE FOR THE SABATINI GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM (CENTRAL ITALY)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geographic Information System (GIS) is very important tool in managing the interdisciplinary researches and territorial resources. GIS integrates data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information. They can represent a scientific and social benefit. Here we present an application of GIS to a potentially exploitable geothermal area. The geothermal resource can be used either indirectly

M. Procesi; D. Cinti; P. Poncia; D. de Rita

2009-01-01

345

Use of Online Information Resources by RMIT University Economics, Finance, and Marketing Students Participating in a Cooperative Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of online information resources by Economics, Finance, and Marketing 3rd year students in a cooperative education program and explores some possible factors and issues that influence how students use these resources. The nature of Work Integrated Learning (WIL) programs, the business information environment, and the

Costa, Cathy

2009-01-01

346

Perception of Quality and Trustworthiness of Internet Resources by Personal Health Information Seekers  

PubMed Central

Objectives This paper focuses on one dimension of personal health information seeking: perception of quality and trustworthiness of information sources. Design Intensive interviews were conducted using a conversational, unstructured, exploratory interview style. Setting Interviews were conducted at 3 publicly accessible library sites in Arizona, Hawaii and Nevada. Participants: Thirty-eight non-experts were interviewed. Results Three separate and distinct methods used to identify credible health information resources were identified. Consumers may have strong opinions about what they mistrust; use fairly rigorous evaluation protocols; or filter information based on intuition or common sense, eye appeal or an authoritative sounding sponsor or title. Conclusions Many people use a mix of rational and/or intuitive criteria to assess the health information they use. PMID:14728249

Stavri, P. Zoe; Freeman, Donna J.; Burroughs, Catherine M.

2003-01-01

347

Associations of gender and age groups on the knowledge and use of drug information resources by American pharmacists  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore knowledge and use of drug information resources by pharmacists and identify patterns influenced by gender and age-group classification. Methods A survey questionnaire was mailed nationwide to 1,000 practitioners working in community (n = 500) and hospital (n = 500) settings who answer drug information questions as part of their expected job responsibilities. Responses pertaining to drug information resource use and knowledge of different types of drug-related queries, resource media preferences, and perceived adequacy of resources maintained in the pharmacy were analyzed by gender and age group. The t statistic was used to test for significant differences of means and percentages between genders and between age groups. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize other findings. Results Gender and age group classification influenced patterns of knowledge and use of drug information resources by pharmacists. They also affected pharmacists perceptions of the most common types of questions prompting them to consult a drug information reference, as well as the resources consulted. Micromedex, exclusively available in electronic format, was the most commonly consulted resource overall by pharmacists. Lexi-Comp Online was the leading choice by women, preferred over Micromedex, but was not one of the top two resources selected by men. Conclusions This study successfully identified the influence of gender and age-group classification in assessing drug information resource knowledge and use of general and specific types of drug-related queries. PMID:24155853

Carvajal, Manuel J.; Clauson, Kevin A.; Gershman, Jennifer; Polen, Hyla H.

348

Use of information resources by the state of Tennessee in risk assessment applications  

SciTech Connect

The major resources used by the Bureau of Environment, and Environmental Epidemiology (EEP) for risk assessment are: the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS), Health and Environmental Effects Summary Table (HEAST), Agency for Toxic Substances and disease Registry (ATSDR) Toxicological Profiles, databases at the National Library of Medicine (NLM), World Health Organization (WHO) ENvironmental Criteria, and documents that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has published on Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) risk assessment activities. The Risk Assessment Review has been helpful in providing information about availability of new documents or information. No systematic method has been made available to us to locate information resources. IRIS User`s Support has been helpful in making appropriate and timely referrals. Most other EPA resources were located by serendipity and persistence. The CERCLA methodology for risk assessments is being used in environmental programs, and at present, one person is responsible for all risk assessment activities in the department, but plans are underway to train one or two people from each program area. 2 figs.

Bashor, B.S. [Tennessee Department of Health and Environment, Nashville (United States)

1990-12-31

349

Direction information in multiple object tracking is limited by a graded resource  

PubMed Central

Is multiple object tracking (MOT) limited by a fixed set of structures (slots), a limited but divisible resource, or both? Here we answer this question by measuring the precision of the direction representation for tracked targets. The signature of a limited resource is a decrease in precision as a square root of the tracking load. The signature of fixed slots is a fixed precision. Hybrid models predict a rapid decrease to asymptotic precision. In two experiments, observers tracked moving disks and reported target motion direction by adjusting a probe arrow. We derived the precision of representation of correctly tracked targets using a mixture distribution analysis. Precision declined with target load according to the square-root law up to six targets. This finding is inconsistent with both pure and hybrid slot models. Instead, directional information in MOT appears to be limited by a continuously divisible resource. PMID:20952776

Horowitz, Todd S.; Cohen, Michael A.

2010-01-01

350

Federated Access to Heterogeneous Information Resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF)  

PubMed Central

The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Mller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L.; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S.; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W.; Martone, Maryann E.

2009-01-01

351

Federated access to heterogeneous information resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF).  

PubMed

The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Mller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W; Martone, Maryann E

2008-09-01

352

The design and management of an international disaster information resource network (Building an emergency lane on the information superhighway)  

SciTech Connect

Although hazards are unavoidable, the disasters that sometimes accompany natural and technological events may be. While some countries have a remarkably good capacity for coping with hazards, from time to time even the most technologically advanced need help from their neighbors. It is necessary, wise, and efficient for those concerned with emergency management to establish a worldwide network of information systems related to hazard management, so that disasters do not arise as a result of an emergency situation. One thing that can be done is to improve the quality and quantity of hazard related information so that international, national, regional, and local emergency readiness and response can be effectively deployed in real and near-real-time. Such a network will enable the emergency management community to work together as a ``virtual community,`` drawing on each other`s resources as needed. Instead of costing additional resources, it is hoped that this holistic approach to global emergency management will reduce overall resource requirements by encouraging cooperation.

Gross, E.M. [NOAA/National Weather Service, Silver Spring, MD (United States)

1995-12-31

353

Federal Information Resources for Professional Counselors. A Sourcebook of Free and Low-Cost Resources To Support and Enrich Your Work as a Professional Counselor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a sourcebook of free and low-cost resources to support the work of professional counselors. The information includes: (1) synthesis of current research, statistics, and research reports; (2) background material about current and emerging policy issues; (3) information about model programs and policies; (4) materials and

Lum, Christie

354

The AEOS Spectral Imaging System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past decade, there has been an explosion in the exploitation of spectral, polarimetric, and wavefront diversity techniques applied to a number of scientific imaging and non-imaging problems. Utility of these methods has been demonstrated and in many cases has resulted in the development of deployable systems. Through high performance algorithmic processing, end-users are provided with automated information extraction and enhanced capabilities for the tasks of discrimination, classification and identification. These techniques are successfully exploited today in the studies of earth resources, biological interactions, astronomy, manufacturing process control and military intelligence gathering among others. In this paper, I describe a system that has been developed at the Advance Electro-Optical System (AEOS) which achieves high spatial resolution, high spectral resolution, and high sensitivity simultaneously, permitting configurability of spatial, spectral and sensitivity parameters for timeline and feature extraction optimization. The AEOS Spectral Imaging System (ASIS) is a multi-spectral compensated imaging capability integrated with the 3.6m AEOS telescope located at the Maui Space Surveillance Complex (MSSC). The optical implementation, sensors and processor architecture that have been developed during the past two years are described in this paper. The versatile implementation permits high sensitivity narrow-band, diffraction limited, compensated Adaptive-Optics (AO) imaging. ASIS has been designed to achieve highly synchronize multi-channel image data acquisition in the visible (VIS), near infrared (NIR) and short wave infrared (SWIR). Field de-rotation and Atmospheric Dispersion Compensation (ADC) permit high performance imaging and multi-frame processing from zenith down to near horizon. Additionally, the ASIS optical layout incorporates access ports for accommodation of auxiliary instruments and can support AO compensated data collections for other modalities. The ASIS system has been used to validate Model Based Spectral Image Deconvolution (MBSID) techniques and is also host to an imaging Stokes polarimeter.

Jerkatis, K.

355

Integration of multi-temporal spectral and structural information to map wetland vegetation in a brackish Connecticut marsh  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study utilizes multitemporal QuickBird and single date LiDar canopy height data to classify the common plant communities of a tidal marsh at the mouth of the Connecticut River. A specific goal was to map the expanding distribution of non-native Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin ex Steud (common reed), which has been outcompeting native species, particularly in disturbed marshes. P. australis spreads vigorously, forming dense monocultures that result in reduced biodiversity of plant, avian and macroinvertebrate species. We collected visible to near-infrared (VNIR) reflectance spectra of the dominant plant species S. patens (salt meadow grass), Typha spp. (cattail), and P. australis over two growing seasons to develop metrics that maximize phenological spectral and canopy height variability to distinguish these plants within a complex marsh community containing >100 plant species. Relative to other species, P. australis is best distinguished by its high NIR response and height late in the growing season. Typha spp. was well distinguished from other species by its high red/green ratio and S. patens by a unique green/blue ratio and low heights throughout the growing season. The field spectra and LiDar-derived heights were used to guide an object-oriented classification methodology using multitemporal QuickBird data collected over the same time interval as the field spectra. The classification was validated using a field inventory of marsh vegetation. Overall maximum fuzzy accuracy for the classification was 97% for Phragmites, 63% for Typha spp. and 80% for S. patens meadows; this improved to 97%, 76%, and 92%, respectively, using a fuzzy acceptable match measure. Image acquisition timing was critical for the identification of targeted plant species in this heterogeneous marsh. These datasets and protocols may provide coastal resource managers, municipal officials and researchers a set of recommended guidelines for remote sensing data collection for marsh inventory and monitoring.

Gilmore, M. S.; Wilson, E. H.; Barrett, N.; Civco, D. L.; Prisloe, S.; Hurd, J. D.; Chadwick, C.

2008-12-01

356

Extending the reference desk experience: Information Resources for the Nursing Care Plan.  

PubMed

Both nursing and library science literature discuss the information needs and information-seeking behavior of nurses. Some research has focused on information needs of nursing students, but little research is available regarding information-seeking behavior of nursing students, specifically baccalaureate nursing students. Only a few key references were identified addressing nursing students' information seeking with regard to nurse care planning. At the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, George F. Smith Library, a wide range of nursing students from those in traditional BSN programs, to students in accelerated BSN programs, to masters' nursing students of all types visit the reference desk asking direct and indirect questions involving the nursing care plan. This article highlights repeated categories of information sought by nursing students at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, George F. Smith Library via both formal and informal reference interviews. Information sought most frequently was categorized and formed the basis for a new library workshop entitled "Information Resources for the Nursing Care Plan." PMID:15829458

Saimbert, Marie K

2005-01-01

357

EndoNet: an information resource about the intercellular signaling network  

PubMed Central

Background In multicellular organisms, an intercellular signaling network communicates information from the environment or distant tissues to defined target cells. Intercellular signaling (mostly mediated by hormones) can affect the metabolic state and the gene expression program of target cells, thereby coordinating development, homeostasis of the organism and its reactions to external stimuli. Knowledge of the components of the intercellular signaling (specifically: the endocrine) network and their relations is an important, though so far a largely neglected part of systems biology. Description EndoNet is an information resource about the endocrine system in human. The content of this database comprises information about the biological components of the endocrine system, like hormones, receptors and cells, as well as their relations like the secretion or the binding of a hormone to its receptor. All data within EndoNet have been manually annotated from the scientific literature. The web interface of EndoNet provides the content by a detailed page for each component. These pages list information about the component, links to external resources including literature as well as to related entities of EndoNet. The anatomical ontology Cytomer is used, in conjunction with the Ontology Based Answers service (OBA), to query and list related anatomical structures ranging from the level of individual cells to complete organs. While querying the web interface the user can add components to an individual network. This network, or the complete network stored in the database, can be further analyzed in a configurable pipeline or can be exported in various formats. Conclusion EndoNet is an important and unique information resource about the intercellular signaling network. Since the intercellular network is an integral part of systems biology, EndoNet provides essential information for analyzing interaction between different cellular networks. PMID:24758335

2014-01-01

358

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender health issues, disparities, and information resources.  

PubMed

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons, while widely diverse in many ways, share health disparities related to the stigma and discrimination they experience, including disproportionate rates of psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, and suicide. Lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, and the transgender communities have additional health concerns and disparities unique to each population. This paper highlights the national recognition of these health issues and disparities and presents web-based information resources about them and their mitigation. PMID:22040245

McKay, Becky

2011-01-01

359

ARGIS: An agricultural resource geographic information system for site?specific management of reclaimable saline soils  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, an Agricultural Resource Geographic Information System (ARGIS) was developed using oriented?object design and the Microsoft Visual C++ environment. The primary objective of ARGIS was to develop a field?implementable program for site?specific management application in the reclaiming of saline soils. ARGIS includes four main modules: GIS platform, soil sampling, geostatistics analysis, and management zones. In practice, EM38 and

H. Y. Li; Z. Shi; J. L. Cheng

2007-01-01

360

Information Management Through Integration of Distributed Resources: The TMR-NLM Connection as a Prototype  

PubMed Central

Despite the availability of a number of on-line bibliographic systems, physicians still depend heavily upon their colleagues as their primary resource for information at the bedside or in the clinic. The major problem with existing bibliographic systems is that their use requires interruption of the patient care process. This paper describes the implementation of a fully integrated literature search function within a computer-based medical record system which provides access to information as part of the physician's normal workflow pattern in these clinical arenas.

Hammond, JE; Hammond, WE; Stead, WW

1990-01-01

361

The importance of resources and information in the lives of battered mothers.  

PubMed

An increasing body of research has documented the overlap between intimate partner violence and child abuse. To date, very little research has explored mothers' perspectives on how child protection services (CPS) actually investigates and intervenes in families where intimate partner violence (IPV) as well as child abuse or neglect have occurred. The current research explores the complex role of information and resources in child protection investigations and interventions. In-person interviews were conducted with 19 mothers who had been battered and who had been involved with CPS because of the violence. Mothers reported difficulties in sharing information with and receiving information from CPS workers, but some also reported benefiting from information they received. Moreover, for a handful of women, the CPS intervention was a source of emotional strength. Implications for improving CPS interventions when IPV is occurring are discussed. PMID:21705361

Fleury-Steiner, Ruth E; Thompson Brady, Laura

2011-07-01

362

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 1: Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on strategic planning issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "Can Small Colleges Afford To Be Technology Leaders? Can They Afford Not To Be? (Martin Ringle and David Smallen); (2) "Strategic Planning Across Multiple

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

363

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 6: Networking and Telecommunications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six papers and two abstracts of papers are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on networking and telecommunications issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "Looking to the Year 2000: Alternatives in Campus Data Networking" (Noam H. Artz and Daniel A. Updegrove), which

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

364

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 4: Rethinking User Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six papers and two abstracts of papers are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on user services issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "Academic Computing Services: MORE than a Utility" (Scott Bierman and Cathy Smith), which focuses on Carleton College's efforts to serve

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

365

Profile of on-line anatomy information resources: design and instructional implications.  

PubMed

This study is based on a review of 40 on-line anatomy web resources compiled from sites selected from our own searches as well as sites reviewed and published by an external group (Voiglio et al., 1999, Surg. Radiol. Anat. 21:65-68; Frasca et al., 2000, Surg. Radiol. Anat. 22:107-110). The purpose of our survey was to propose criteria by which anatomy educators could judge the characteristics of the currently available web-based resources for incorporation into the courses they teach. Each site was reviewed and scored based on a survey matrix that included four main categories: 1). site background information, 2). content components, 3). interactivity features, and 4). user interface design components. The average score of the reviewed sites was 3.3 of the total possible score of 10, indicating the limited use of computer-based design features by the majority of sites. We found, however, a number of programs in each of the survey categories that could serve as prototypes for designing future on-line anatomy resources. From the survey we conclude that various design features are less important than the comprehensiveness, depth, and logical organization of content. We suggest that the content should be sufficient for supporting explicitly defined educational objectives, which should target specific end-user populations. The majority of anatomy programs currently accessible on-line fall short of these requirements. There is a need for a coordinated and synergistic effort to generate a comprehensive anatomical information resource that is of sufficient quality and depth to support higher levels of learning beyond the memorization of structure names. Such a resource is a prerequisite for meaningful on-line anatomy education. PMID:12486740

Kim, S; Brinkley, J F; Rosse, C

2003-01-01

366

Engaging the optics community in the development of informative, accessible resources focusing on careers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Young people often have biased and pre-conceived ideas about scientists and engineers that can dissuade them from considering a career in optics. This situation is compounded by the fact that existing resources on careers in optics are not suitable since they mostly focus on more general occupations such as a physicist and an electrical engineer. In addition, the linguistic register is not adapted for students, and many of these resources are only available to guidance counselors. To create appropriate resources that will inform high school students on different career opportunities in optics and photonics, we sought the collaboration of our local optics community. We selected seven specific occupations: entrepreneur in optics, university professor, teacher, technician, research and development engineer, sales representative and graduate student in optics. For each career, a list of daily tasks was created from the existing documentation by a guidance counselor and was validated by an expert working in the field of optics. Following a process of validation, we built surveys in which professionals were asked to select the tasks that best represented their occupation. The surveys were also used to gather other information such as level of education and advice for young people wishing to pursue careers in optics. Over 175 professionals answered the surveys. With these results, we created a leaflet and career cards that are available online and depict the activities of people working in optics and photonics. We hope that these resources will help counter the negative bias against scientific careers and inform teenagers and young adults on making career choices that are better suited to their preferences and aspirations.

Poulin-Girard, Anne-Sophie; Gingras, F.; Zambon, V.; Thriault, G.

2014-09-01

367

NATIONAL CARTOGRAPHIC INFORMATION CENTER: AN INFORMATION RESOURCE ON MAPPING PRODUCTS FOR THE NATION.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Since its inception in 1974 the National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC), US Geological Survey, has rapidly developed to become a focal point for providing information on the availability of cartographic data, including maps/charts, aerial photographs, satellite imagery, geodetic control, digital mapping data, map materials and related cartographic products. In early years NCIC concentrated its efforts on encoding and entering several major National Mapping Division record collections into its systems. NCIC is now stressing the acquisition of data from sources outside the National Mapping Division, including 37 Federal agencies and more than a thousand State and private institutions. A critical review has recently been conducted by NCIC of its systems with the aim of improving its efficiency and levels of operation. Several activities which resulted include improving its existing networks, refinement of digital data distribution, study of new storage media and related projects.

Stevens, Alan R.

1985-01-01

368

Informational resources utilized in clinical decision making: common practices in dentistry.  

PubMed

This study investigated current trends of Iowa dental practitioners with regard to acquisition and utilization of scientific information resources to support decision making in the clinical practice of dentistry. A survey questionnaire regarding the utilization of various sources of information to support clinical decisions was mailed in September 2009 to all dentists licensed and practicing in the state of Iowa. Dentists appointed full-time within the University of Iowa College of Dentistry were excluded from this study. Continuing education courses were the most frequently utilized and preferred information source by respondents, followed by print journals and consultation with other health care professionals. Practice patterns according to decade of dental school graduation as well as scope of practice were noted. The results of this study demonstrate that dental practitioners utilize a variety of evidence-based and non-evidence-based information resources to support decisions in clinical practice. The habits of newer graduates vary somewhat from those of earlier graduates; the habits of specialists vary from those of general practitioners. PMID:21460265

Straub-Morarend, Cheryl L; Marshall, Teresa A; Holmes, David C; Finkelstein, Michael W

2011-04-01

369

Research on the integration of data warehouse, virtual reality and geographical information system in water resources management  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the development of geographical information system (GIS), water resources information systems have been applied in water conservancy management increasingly. However, there are still some problems. Along with the improvement of hydrological telemetering systems, more and more data could be acquired. The inconsistencies in data, as well as bulk information processing would intensify the pressure of clients noticeably. Besides, water

Xian Luo; Youpeng Xu; Feng Zhou

2011-01-01

370

The Road Ahead: Turning Human Resource Functions into Strategic Business Partners With Innovative Information Systems Management Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter explores the interplay of two mainstream research areas: human resource management and information system deployment,\\u000a both of which have relevant implications for organizations. As human resources management plays a critical role for an organizations\\u000a success [1], challenges produced in the IS environment have significant impact for how human resources are managed. For many\\u000a years, most of the human

Ferdinando Pennarola; Leonardo Caporarello

371

Description of a user-oriented geographic information system - The resource analysis program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the Resource Analysis Program, an applied geographic information system. Several applications are presented which utilized soil, and other natural resource data, to develop integrated maps and data analyses. These applications demonstrate the methods of analysis and the philosophy of approach used in the mapping system. The applications are evaluated in reference to four major needs of a functional mapping system: data capture, data libraries, data analysis, and mapping and data display. These four criteria are then used to describe an effort to develop the next generation of applied mapping systems. This approach uses inexpensive microcomputers for field applications and should prove to be a viable entry point for users heretofore unable or unwilling to venture into applied computer mapping.

Tilmann, S. E.; Mokma, D. L.

1980-01-01

372

Complementarities of human capital and information technology: small businesses, emerging economy context and the strategic role of firm resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

How information technology (IT) may complement other key firm resources such as human capital is a question that has drawn increasing attention from scholars and practitioners. Answers to this question are crucial for small businesses in todays environment. These businesses face a growing demand for IT usage at the same time that they typically can count only on limited resources.

Ana Cristina O. Siqueira; Maria Tereza L. Fleury

2011-01-01

373

GIS 390.001, GIS 390.020, GIS 390.021 Geographic Information System (GIS) in Natural Resources  

E-print Network

1 GIS 390.001, GIS 390.020, GIS 390.021 Geographic Information System (GIS) in Natural Resources (GIS), subsidized by Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and remote sensing, to problems in natural resource analysis. Course corequisite required GIS 390L. Prerequisite course required GIS 224. Program

Hung, I-Kuai

374

The Telematic Training of Pedagogical Resource Centre Staff as Part of the Introduction of Information Technologies into Educational Resource Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the implementation of a training course in computerized educational resource management provided for staff of Pedagogical Resource Centres in Catalonia (Spain). Training in telematics is explained, including documentary training and an ongoing process of permanent training assistance; the telematics infrastructure is discussed; and the

Alocer, Josep Garcia

1993-01-01

375

Site Remediation Technology InfoBase: A Guide to Federal Programs, Information Resources, and Publications on Contaminated Site Cleanup Technologies. First Edition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Table of Contents: Federal Cleanup Programs; Federal Site Remediation Technology Development Assistance Programs; Federal Site Remediation Technology Development Electronic Data Bases; Federal Electronic Resources for Site Remediation Technology Information; Other Electronic Resources for Site Remediation Technology Information; Other Electronic Resources for Site Remediation Technology Information; Selected Bibliography: Federal Publication on Alternative and Innovative Site Remediation; and Appendix: Technology Program Contacts.

1998-01-01

376

Canadian ENGOs in governance of water resources: information needs and monitoring practices.  

PubMed

Water quality monitoring involves a complex set of steps and a variety of approaches. Its goals include understanding of aquatic habitats, informing management and facilitating decision making, and educating citizens. Environmental nongovernmental organizations (ENGOs) are increasingly engaged in water quality monitoring and act as environmental watchdogs and stewards of water resources. These organizations exhibit different monitoring mandates. As government involvement in water quality monitoring continues to decline, it becomes essential that we understand their modi operandi. By doing so, we can enhance efficacy and encourage data sharing and communication. This research examined Canadian ENGOs that collect their own data on water quality with respect to water quality monitoring activities and information needs. This work had a twofold purpose: (1) to enhance knowledge about the Canadian ENGOs operating in the realm of water quality monitoring and (2) to guide and inform development of web-based geographic information systems (GIS) to support water quality monitoring, particularly using benthic macroinvertebrate protocols. A structured telephone survey was administered across 10 Canadian provinces to 21 ENGOs that undertake water quality monitoring. This generated information about barriers and challenges of data sharing, commonly collected metrics, human resources, and perceptions of volunteer-collected data. Results are presented on an aggregate level and among different groups of respondents. Use of geomatics technology was not consistent among respondents, and we found no noteworthy differences between organizations that did and did not use GIS tools. About one third of respondents did not employ computerized systems (including databases and spreadsheets) to support data management, analysis, and sharing. Despite their advantage as a holistic water quality indicator, benthic macroinvertebrates (BMIs) were not widely employed in stream monitoring. Although BMIs are particularly suitable for the purpose of citizen education, few organizations collected this metric, despite having public education and awareness as part of their mandate. PMID:23715734

Kebo, Sasha; Bunch, Martin J

2013-11-01

377

Information-based or resource-based systems may mediate Cycas-herbivore interactions  

PubMed Central

Invasive arthropod herbivores comprise one of the greatest threats to cycad conservation both in situ and ex situ. We discuss two mechanisms, not necessarily mutually exclusive, that may underlie the disparity in Chilades pandava damage among Cycas species. In an information-based system, plant infochemicals may differentially influence oviposition behavior of Ch. pandava adults or host finding behavior of this butterflys natural enemies. Alternatively, heterogeneity in damage may be mediated by a resource-based system whereby plant substrate is more palatable to larvae for susceptible species or more defended by less damaged species. PMID:22751309

Marler, Thomas E.; Lindstrom, Anders; Terry, L. Irene

2012-01-01

378

Technical guide on documentation requirements for open market contract acquisitions of information resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A guide is presented to assist requestors in formulating and submitting the required Complete Package for Information Resources (IR) acquisitions. Advance discussions with cognizant procurement personnel are strongly recommended for complex IR requirements or for those requestors new to the acquisition process. Open Market means the requirement either is not available on GSA Schedule Contract or exceeds the $300,000 threshold and/or the quantity Maximum Order Limitation of the GSA Schedule Contract. Only open market contract acquisitions (i.e., in excess of the $25,000 small purchase threshold), are addressed.

Shaw, Asa L., Jr.; Kivett, William R.; Taylor, James Y.

1990-01-01

379

Federal Information Resources for Professional Counselors: A Sourcebook of Free and Low-Cost Resources To Support and Enrich Your Work as a Professional Counselor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Federal government supports many information clearinghouses and research institutions that produce free and low-cost publications and materials that can support and enrich the work of a professional counselor. This sourcebook is designed to help tap into and take greater advantage of these resources. The sourcebook provides syntheses of

Lum, Christie

380

Federal Information Resources for Professional Counselors. A Sourcebook of Free and Low-Cost Resources To Support and Enrich Your Work as a Professional Counselor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government supports many information clearinghouses and research institutions that produce free and low-cost publications and materials that can support and enrich the work of a professional counselor. This sourcebook is designed to help tap into and take greater advantage of these resources. The sourcebook provides syntheses of

Lum, Christie

381

Federal Information Resources for Professional Counselors: A Sourcebook of Free and Low-Cost Resources To Support and Enrich Your Work as a Professional Counselor, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal government supports many information clearinghouses and research institutions that produce free and low-cost publications and materials that can support and enrich the work of a professional counselor. This sourcebook is designed to help tap into and take greater advantage of these resources. The sourcebook provides syntheses of

Lum, Christie

382

Access and use of information resources in assessing health risks from chemical exposure: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Health risk assessment is based on access to comprehensive information about potentially hazardous agents in question. Relevant information is scattered throughout the literature, and often is not readily accessible. To be useful in assessment efforts, emerging scientific findings, risk assess parameters, and associated data must be compiled and evaluated systemically. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are among the federal agencies heavily involved in this effort. This symposium was a direct response by EPA and ORNL to the expressed needs of individuals involved in assessing risks from chemical exposure. In an effort to examine the state of the risk assessment process, the availability of toxicological information, and the future development and transfer of this information, the symposium provided an excellent cadre of speakers and participants from state and federal agencies, academia and research laboratories to address these topics. This stimulating and productive gathering discussed concerns associated with (1) environmental contamination by chemicals; (2) laws regulating chemicals; (3) information needs and resources; (4) applications; (5) challenges and priorities; and (6)future issues. Individual reports are processed separately for the data bases.

Not Available

1990-12-31

383

Literature and information related to the natural resources of the North Aleutian Basin of Alaska.  

SciTech Connect

The North Aleutian Basin Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service (MMS) is a large geographic area with significant natural resources. The Basin includes most of the southeastern part of the Bering Sea Outer Continental Shelf, including all of Bristol Bay. The area supports important habitat for a wide variety of species and globally significant habitat for birds and marine mammals, including several federally listed species. Villages and communities of the Alaska Peninsula and other areas bordering or near the Basin rely on its natural resources (especially commercial and subsistence fishing) for much of their sustenance and livelihood. The offshore area of the North Aleutian Basin is considered to have important hydrocarbon reserves, especially natural gas. In 2006, the MMS released a draft proposed program, 'Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program, 2007-2012' and an accompanying draft programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS). The draft proposed program identified two lease sales proposed in the North Aleutian Basin in 2010 and 2012, subject to restrictions. The area proposed for leasing in the Basin was restricted to the Sale 92 Area in the southwestern portion. Additional EISs will be needed to evaluate the potential effects of specific lease actions, exploration activities, and development and production plans in the Basin. A full range of updated multidisciplinary scientific information will be needed to address oceanography, fate and effects of oil spills, marine ecosystems, fish, fisheries, birds, marine mammals, socioeconomics, and subsistence in the Basin. Scientific staff at Argonne National Laboratory were contracted to assist MMS with identifying and prioritizing information needs related to potential future oil and gas leasing and development activities in the North Aleutian Basin. Argonne focused on three related tasks: (1) identify and gather relevant literature published since 1996, (2) synthesize and summarize the literature, and (3) identify and prioritize remaining information needs. To assist in the latter task, MMS convened the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting (the Planning Meeting) in Anchorage, Alaska, from November 28 through December 1, 2006. That meeting and its results are described in 'Proceedings of the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting' (the Planning Meeting report)1. Citations for recent literature (1996-2006) to support an assessment of the impacts of oil and gas development on natural, cultural, and socioeconomic resources in the North Aleutian Basin were entered in a database. The database, a series of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets with links to many of the reference materials, was provided to MMS prior to the Planning Meeting and was made available for participants to use during the meeting. Many types of references were identified and collected from the literature, such as workshop and symposium proceedings, personal web pages, web pages of government and nongovernmental organizations, EISs, books and articles reporting research results, regulatory documents, technical reports, newspaper and newsletter articles, and theses and dissertations. The current report provides (1) a brief overview of the literature; (2) descriptions (in tabular form) of the databased references, including geographic area covered, topic, and species (where relevant); (3) synopses of the contents of the referenced documents and web pages; and (4) a full citation for each reference. At the Planning Meeting, subject matter experts with research experience in the North Aleutian Basin presented overviews of the area's resources, including oceanography, fish and shellfish populations, federal fisheries, commercial fishery economics, community socioeconomics, subsistence, seabirds and shorebirds, waterfowl, seals and sea lions, cetaceans, sea otters, and walruses. These presentations characterized the status of the resource, the current state of knowledge on the topic, and information needs related to an assessment of

Stull, E.A.; Hlohowskyj, I.; LaGory, K. E.; Environmental Science Division

2008-01-31

384

ERISTAR: Earth Resources Information Storage, Transformation, Analysis, and Retrieval administrative report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 1972 Systems Engineering program at Marshall Space Flight Center where 15 participants representing 15 U.S. universities, 1 NASA/MSFC employee, and another specially assigned faculty member, participated in an 11-week program is discussed. The Fellows became acquainted with the philosophy of systems engineering, and as a training exercise, used this approach to produce a conceptional design for an Earth Resources Information Storage, Transformation, Analysis, and Retrieval System. The program was conducted in three phases; approximately 3 weeks were devoted to seminars, tours, and other presentations to subject the participants to technical and other aspects of the information management problem. The second phase, 5 weeks in length, consisted of evaluating alternative solutions to problems, effecting initial trade-offs and performing preliminary design studies and analyses. The last 3 weeks were occupied with final trade-off sessions, final design analyses and preparation of a final report and oral presentation.

Vachon, R. I.; Obrien, J. F., Jr.; Lueg, R. E.; Cox, J. E.

1972-01-01

385

Health information technology: an untapped resource to help keep patients insured.  

PubMed

The recent confluence of: (1) changing state and national insurance-related policies, and (2) the rapid growth in electronic health record (EHR) use, yields an unprecedented opportunity for patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) and other primary care practices or care settings to use health information technology (HIT) and health information exchange (HIE) in novel ways to impact patient health. We propose that HIT is an untapped resource for supporting clinic-based efforts to help eligible patients obtain and maintain insurance coverage. This commentary presents a conceptual model and guiding principles for this idea. Additionally, it describes insurance support tools that could be used to conduct 'inreach' and 'outreach' with patients around health insurance, similar to how HIT is used to manage chronic disease and panels of patients, and to improve population health outcomes. PMID:25384821

DeVoe, Jennifer E; Angier, Heather; Burdick, Tim; Gold, Rachel

2014-11-01

386

Information resources management long-range plan, FY1994--1998  

SciTech Connect

This document describes IRM activities and the information technology resources and capabilities of the Department, the future requirements, and the strategies and plans to satisfy the identified requirements. The long-range planning process provides the systematic means to meet this objective and assists the Department in assuring that information technology (IT) support is provided in an efficient, effective, and timely manner so that its programmatic missions can be accomplished. Another important objective of the Plan is to promote better understanding, both within and external to the Department, of its IT environment, requirements, issues, and recommended solutions. This DOE IRM Plan takes into consideration the IRM requirements of approximately 50 different sites. The annual long-range planning cycle for supporting this Plan was initiated by a Call in August 1991 for site plans to be submitted in February 1992 by those Departmental components and contractors with major IRM requirements.

Not Available

1993-04-01

387

GENIES/SimCLIM Tools to Support Climate Change Information and Marine Resource Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change will significantly impact the global environment, and the faster the change, the greater the risk of damage. The natural environment will be assaulted by increases in sea surface temperature and changes in the biogeochemical cycles of ocean ecosystems. Marine resource managers have begun to realize that the projected impacts of climate change in coastal and marine environments are full of uncertainties, creating enormous challenges when it comes to climate change response planning. CMIP5 GCMs produced a large amount of climate and ocean biogeochemical data for different climate change scenarios, which can provide indispensable information for marine resource planning and decision making. However, for end users, climate and ocean information needs to be processed to make it usable while applying robust scientific methods to make that processing acceptable. SimCLIM/GENIES software provides a comprehensive climate information, data management, and impact assessment platform. The software system consists of historical data and projections for atmospheric and oceanic variables, including air-temperature, precipitation, wind speed, sea surface temperature, ocean primary production, pH, pCO2, DIO, and DIC, with the potential for other data layers. These data are pre-processed using different downscaling and pattern scaling approaches, and then stored in a compact format with a very high compression ratio, which makes them more transferable. Users can carry out statistical and ensemble analyses with the software in order to better understand uncertainties. Within the software system, historical climate data, a climate change scenario generator, and impact assessment tools are all integrated into a single platform. They are policy-maker and end-user oriented and present climate information in a friendly and easily understandable manner with excellent spatial visualization tools. Moreover, the system provided and released an ArcGIS/marine add-in, which allows ArcGIS users to directly use climate information in their familiar software environment. GENIES is a decision support system built on a system dynamics simulation library with powerful simulation capabilities and great flexibility in simulation architecture, control, construction and integration. GENIES uses a visual coupling tool for data conversion, and dynamic updating of workflows. A user can easily build, extend and revise their own/already existing models when a new domain is explored or new questions arise, even during the runtime. Marine resources management model tools can be either coupled or developed with GENIES in a fast and friendly way. A coral reef impact model is developed as a demonstration.

Li, Y.; Urich, P.; Yin, C.; Kouwenhoven, P.; CLIMsystems Team

2013-05-01

388

Strengthening human resources for health through information, coordination and accountability mechanisms: the case of the Sudan  

PubMed Central

Abstract Problem Human resources for health (HRH) in the Sudan were limited by shortages and the maldistribution of health workers, poor management, service fragmentation, poor retention of health workers in rural areas, and a weak health information system. Approach A country coordination and facilitation process was implemented to strengthen the national HRH observatory, provide a coordination platform for key stakeholders, catalyse policy support and HRH planning, harmonize the mobilization of resources, strengthen HRH managerial structures, establish new training institutions and scale up the training of community health workers. Local setting The national government of the Sudan sanctioned state-level governance of the health system but many states lacked coherent HRH plans and policies. A paucity of training institutions constrained HRH production and the adequate and equitable deployment of health workers in rural areas. Relevant changes The country coordination and facilitation process prompted the establishment of a robust HRH information system and the development of the technical capacities and tools necessary for data analysis and evidence-based participatory decision-making and action. Lessons learnt The success of the country coordination and facilitation process was substantiated by the stakeholders coordinated support, which was built on solid evidence of the challenges in HRH and shared accountability in the planning and implementation of responses to those challenges. The support led to political commitment and the mobilization of resources for HRH. The leadership that was promoted and the educational institutions that were opened should facilitate the training, deployment and retention of the health workers needed to achieve universal health coverage. PMID:24347712

Badr, Elsheikh; Mohamed, Nazar A; Afzal, Muhammad Mahmood; Bile, Khalif Mohamud

2013-01-01

389

The spectral absorption coefficient at 254nm as a real-time early warning proxy for detecting faecal pollution events at alpine karst water resources  

PubMed Central

Because spring water quality from alpine karst aquifers can change very rapidly during event situations, water abstraction management has to be performed in near real-time. Four summer events (2005-2008) at alpine karst springs were investigated in detail in order to evaluate the spectral absorption coefficient at 254nm (SAC254) as a real-time early warning proxy for faecal pollution. For the investigation Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) Satellite-based data communication between portable hydrometeorological measuring stations and an automated microbiological sampling device was used. The method for event triggered microbial sampling and analyzing was already established and described in a previous paper (Stadler et al., Wat. Sci. Technol. 58(4): 899-909, 2008). Data analysis including on-line event characterisation (i.e. precipitation, discharge, turbidity, SAC254) and comprehensive E. coli determination (n > 800) indicated that SAC254 is a useful early warning proxy. Irrespective of the studied event situations SAC254 always increased 3 to 6 hours earlier than the onset of faecal pollution, featuring different correlation phases. Furthermore, it seems also possible to use SAC254 as a real-time proxy parameter for estimating the extent of faecal pollution after establishing specific spring and event-type calibrations that take into consideration the variability of the occurrence and the transferability of faecal material It should be highlighted that diffuse faecal pollution from wildlife and live stock sources was responsible for spring water contamination at the investigated catchments. In this respect, the SAC254 can also provide useful information to support microbial source tracking efforts where different situations of infiltration have to be investigated. PMID:20962406

Stadler, H.; Klock, E.; Skritek, P.; Mach, R.L.; Zerobin, W.; Farnleitner, A.H.

2011-01-01

390

Municipal Emergency Management System: a strategy towards information and managing resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Azores archipelago is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, on a complex geological setting where the North American, Eurasian and African plates meet. Throughout its history the geological and meteorological hazards have been the most significant and had cause thousands of deaths and extensive damages. To prepare and mitigate the impact of catastrophic events there are emergency plans to guide the authorities and to instruct the population. However, a key point on the effectiveness of any emergency plan is the efficiency on getting the relevant information from the existing plans and conveying quality information to the operational teams and to the population. To address this issue the Municipal Emergency Management System was designed as a modular software with a core database and two different applications; one back-office to input and manage data and one front-end to query the database. The database is installed in a server and the system runs over an Intranet or the Internet, allowing its management and query to be done anywhere. The information on the system comprises two sets of data: (a) static data, regarding guidelines from the official Municipal Emergency Plan and a broad characterization of the county that does not need to be updated frequently (geography, geomorphology, climatology and the main hazards to consider) and (b) dynamic information, concerning data that requires regular updating such as available resources, administrative officials, pertinent private organisations etc.. All dynamic data in the core database is organised in three layers: (1) administrative organisations with geographical expression (such as province or district), (2) entities with capability to provide aid on provisions, accommodations, health, infrastructures, construction, transportation and security (public services, non-governmental organisations, enterprises or individual persons) and (3) operative information (applicable laws, tasks of each operative structure of the emergency plan) All entities are indexed to a geographic region, corresponding to an administrative organisation, and all the resources available on the county are indexed to an entity and ultimately to one identified person. The back-office operations are performed through a web browser. In order to ensure the quality of the data, the system requires the operator to register with a valid login and keeps a record of every operation performed by each registered user. The frontend also runs over a web browser and is the key vector towards an efficient communication with the operative teams and the general public. Its menu structure was designed to provide direct answers to the main questions raised on emergency situations, such as where dislodged population will be accommodate? How to transport them? How to provide provisions? Who has the provisions? How to contact the pertinent persons? The front-end, however, has two distinct access levels. The general public access level allows browsing through the structure of the emergency plan the identification of the public officials involved in the plan and their respective roles, and to get logistic information regarding meeting points, resources available, etc... The unlimited access is restricted to authorized personnel with a valid login and grants the access to report forms to be used during the emergency situations as well as information considered confidential such as providers of the available resources and their contacts. The outcome of the Municipal Emergency Management System is a light structure, accessible from anywhere and managed at municipal level, but with the potential to develop a network of emergency management nodes that can work cooperatively since each county can provide the surrounding counties with access to its database.

Pacheco, J.

2009-04-01

391

Effective Utilization and Management of Emerging Information Technologies. Information Resources Management Association International Conference (Boston, Massachusetts, May 17-20, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceeding of the 1998 Information Resources Management Association International Conference contains 80 full papers, 87 research in progress papers, 33 abstracts, and 15 panel, workshop, and tutorial summaries. The papers focus on issues of managing information technology (IT) in organizations around the world. Issues covered include:

Khosrowpour, Mehdi, Ed.

392

Summary of Information and Resources Related to Energy Use in Healthcare Facilities - Version 1  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the results of a review of publicly available information on energy use in health care facilities. The information contained in this document and in the sources cited herein provides the background and context for efforts to reduce energy use and costs in health care. Recognizing the breadth and diversity of relevant information, the author acknowledges that the report is likely not comprehensive. It is intended only to present a broad picture of what is currently known about health care energy use. This review was conducted as part of a 'High Performance Health Care Buildings' research study funded by the California Energy Commission. The study was motivated by the recognition that health care facilities collectively account for a substantial fraction of total commercial building energy use, due in large part to the very high energy intensity of hospitals and other inpatient care facilities. The goal of the study was to develop a roadmap of research, development and deployment (RD&D) needs for the health care industry. In addition to this information review, the road map development process included interviews with industry experts and a full-day workshop at LBNL in March 2009. This report is described as 'Version 1' with the intent that it will be expanded and updated as part of an ongoing LBNL program in healthcare energy efficiency. The document is being released in this form with the hope that it can assist others in finding and accessing the resources described within.

Singer, Brett C.; Coughlin, Jennifer L.; Mathew, Paul A.

2009-09-08

393

POLICY ON ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING AND APPROPRIATE USE OF COMPUTING RESOURCES, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES, AND NETWORKS (Senate 4/1/99)  

E-print Network

. This Appropriate Use Policy governs the use of WSU computing resources, information technologies, and networks. This includes, but is not limited to, computers, computing staff, hardware, software, networks, computing laboratories, databases, files, information, software licenses, computing-related contracts, network bandwidth

Collins, Gary S.

394

29.01.03.M1.05 Information Resources Authorized Software Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

, and maintained to collect, record, process, store, retrieve, display, and transmit information or data. Software.1.1 For software having a licensing agreement, persons installing, or authorizing the installation of software29.01.03.M1.05 Information Resources ­ Authorized Software Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE

395

77 FR 60677 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Antarctic Marine Living Resources Conservation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Antarctic Marine Living Resources Conservation and Management...on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (Convention) established the...for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). CCAMLR meets...

2012-10-04

396

Informing Water Resource Decisionmaking Through Assessments of Global Change Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystem Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The combined forces of land use change, climate change and variability, and UV radiation are altering aquatic ecosystems (e.g., streams, rivers, lakes, wetlands, estuaries, coral reefs). Changes in aquatic ecosystems are mediated by changes in temperature, hydrology, water quality/pollutant loading, sea level rise, storm surges, UV radiation and riparian habitat. The importance of these changes for water resource management is evident, but decisionmakers often have difficulty obtaining information that is timely, relevant and useful. EPA's Global Change Research Program is applying the concept of ecosystem services (conditions and processes through which ecosystems sustain and fulfill human life) to selected watersheds to help local decisionmakers evaluate how global changes could affect their water resources. We are developing a framework that will help identify a priori the types of services most likely to be affected, and methods for measuring, modeling, or estimating impacts on ecosystem services at specific sites. These methods involve using climate and land use change scenarios to drive linked hydrologic and ecological models. Our presentation will focus on how scientific information is being developed and communicated among stakeholders to inform decisions in three areas: San Pedro River Basin, San Francisco Bay & Basin, and watersheds near Washington, DC. These case studies represent different climate regimes (arid southwest, west coast Mediterranean type, subtropical zone of the east coast), different potential changes in climate (change in timing of seasonal floods and greater evaporation, change from winter snow to winter rain yielding decreased spring & summer streamflow, increased intensity of precipitation events), different land use pressures (agricultural and urban), and different spatial scales (1 to 43,000 sq. mi.). These case studies cover different sets of aquatic ecosystems and emphasize different ecosystem services. In addition, we will discuss other projects designed to help state, tribal, and local environmental protection programs assess and prepare for the consequences of global change.

Rogers, C. E.; Julius, S. H.

2001-05-01

397

Integrating emergy evaluation and geographic information systems for monitoring resource use in the Abruzzo region (Italy).  

PubMed

This paper presents an application of an environmental accounting method, namely emergy evaluation, developed for the monitoring and assessment of environmental resource use by local communities in the Abruzzo Region (Italy). Once quantified and classified according to their origin (renewable or non-renewable, local or external), emergy flows were elaborated through a geographic information system (GIS) that allowed us to represent their spatial distribution throughout the region. Outcomes took the form of patterns in which different emergy intensities, namely empower (unit: seJ yr(-1)), were represented through a graduated grey-scale and visualized on a cartographic basis. The concentration of emergy flows, depending on the activity of local communities, showed variable levels of environmental load in different areas. In particular, spatial zones with homogeneous values of empower density (unit: seJ yr(-1) km(-2))--high, medium and low--were detected in order to identify areas with a similar "thermodynamic" nature, emergy being a thermodynamics based function. This allowed for the representation, at a glance, of a kind of geography that mirrors the behavior of a population settled in an area as additional information for investigating the effects of the use of urban structures and functions and improving our understanding of regional systems. A combined use of emergy evaluation and GIS could thus provide a complementary view of a territorial system and inform policy makers for planning specific strategies of future development. PMID:20663603

Pulselli, Riccardo Maria

2010-11-01

398

Fire-fighting resources and fire preparedness for underground coal mines. Information circular/1994  

SciTech Connect

This U.S. Bureau of Mines report describes various fire fighting resources available to the mining industry and examines the fire preparedness of four western coal mines. The fire fighting resources covered include fire extinguishers, water hoses and nozzles, and fire fighting foam. Information regarding fire fighting equipment indicates that an inadequate maintenance program may cause component failure of fire extinguishers; damage to water hoses is usually a result of improper care; and foam may be a convenient means of conveying water to the fire. One area of particular interest was fire hose water nozzles. Several brands of fire hose nozzles randomly selected, both expensive and inexpensive, were tested at various water pressures. Little difference was found in the maximum throw distance in the fog stream mode. However, dramatic differences were seen among these nozzles when tested for throw distance in the straight stream mode. Performance data relative to water nozzles and specific practices to improve the state of preparedness in many of these areas are discussed. An examination of the mine emergency preparedness of four western coal mines showed state-of-the-art monitoring systems were common at the mine sites. All four mines used carbon monoxide (CO) sensors, and one mine incorporated smoke sensors. Fire safety at all the mine sites was stressed, including early detection and rapid response of the miners to evacuate the mine. However, the mines placed little emphasis on performance of water nozzles, or personal protective clothing for the underground firefighters.

Conti, R.S.

1994-01-01

399

Teach Astronomy: An Online Textbook for Introductory Astronomy Courses and Resources for Informal Learners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This year we implemented Teach Astronomy (www.teachastronomy.com) as a free online resource to be used as a teaching tool for non-science major astronomy courses and for a general audience interested in the subject. The comprehensive content includes: an introductory astronomy text book by Chris Impey, astronomy articles on Wikipedia, images from the Astronomy Picture of the Day, two to three minute topical video clips by Chris Impey, podcasts from 365 Days of Astronomy, and astronomy news from Science Daily. Teach Astronomy utilizes a novel technology to cluster, display, and navigate search results, called a Wikimap. Steep increases in textbook prices and the unique capabilities of emerging web technology motivated the development of this free online resource. Recent additions to Teach Astronomy include: images and diagrams for the textbook articles, mobile device implementation, and suggested homework assignments for instructors that utilize recent discoveries in astronomy. We present an overview of how Teach Astronomy has been implemented for use in the classroom and informal settings, and suggestions for utilizing the rich content and features of the web site.

Hardegree-Ullman, Kevin; Impey, C. D.; Patikkal, A.

2012-05-01

400

How information resources are used by state agencies in risk assessment applications - Illinois  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Protection Agency of the State of Illinois (Illinois EPA) has programs in water, air, and land pollution and water supplies paralleling those of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The organization is part of a tripartite arrangement in which the Pollution Control Board is the judicial arm, the Department of Energy and Natural Resources is the research arm, and the Illinois EPA is the enforcement arm. Other state agencies are also concerned with various aspects of the environment and may do risk assessments for chemicals. Although there are various risk assessment activities, both formal and informal, in our agency and in others, this paper will discuss only recent initiatives in water quality criteria.

Olson, C.S.

1990-12-31

401

Public Information Projects of the Geothermal Resources Council and the Geothermal Energy Association  

SciTech Connect

During the past 20 years the Geothermal Resources Council (GRC), has grown and changed dramatically. An educational organization, the GRC sponsors an annual scientific meeting, and short courses, workshops, and symposia. Meetings and workshops typically are held at locations where members can also attend field trips. The GRC also publishes special reports, a monthly magazine, the GRC BULLETIN, and annual meeting transactions. The GRC On-line Information System, a relatively new service, is a library containing over 20,000 technical geothermal papers, articles, maps and periodicals. Presently, citations for 10,000 of these library materials are stored on computer and available via modem to users anywhere in the world. New citations are added to the library frequently. The GRC's sister association, the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA), collaborates with the GRC on educational programs.

Anderson, David N.; Smith, Estela

1995-01-26

402

Online resources in pediatric surgery: the new era of medical information.  

PubMed

Tele-education has the potential to facilitate rapid sharing and dissemination of current research and knowledge among pediatric surgeons around the world. Classically, the exchange of surgical research occurred via national surgical conferences, articles published in peer-reviewed journals, and textbooks. The advent of Web 2.0 and the rapid pace of technologic advancement have allowed knowledge, education, and research to be exchanged online. Virtual symposiums act as online conferences where participants present and debate new research and surgical techniques in real-time web meetings. Resource libraries allow up-to-date information to be archived and viewed at the user's convenience, bypassing the need to wait long periods for paper publications. Tele-education allows pediatric surgeons to connect and share ideas around the world, while saving time and money. PMID:25111279

Raigani, Siavash; Numanoglu, Alp; Schwachter, Marc; Ponsky, Todd A

2014-08-01

403

Multidimensional local spatial autocorrelation measure forintegrating spatial and spectral information in hyperspectral image band selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hyperspectral band selection aims at the determination of an optimal subset of spectral bands for dimensionality reduction\\u000a without loss of discriminability. Many conventional band selection approaches depend on the concept of statistical distance\\u000a measure between the probability distributions characterizing sample classes. However, the maximization of separability does\\u000a not necessarily guarantee that a classification process results in the best classification accuracies.

Zheng Du; Young-Seon Jeong; Myong K. Jeong; Seong G. Kong

404

[Research on reserves estimation method of wild medicinal plants resource for generous species based on spatial information technology].  

PubMed

Traditional Chinese medicinal resource survey method is time-consuming, strenuous, and having great human influence, the precision is not high enough. This paper, by using spatial information technology, carries on spatial sampling survey for wild medicinal plants resource for generous species to arrange the quadrat scientifically and estimate the suitable area, reserve precisely of medicinal plants. It not only improves the survey precision, but reduces the workload of field survey and provides scientific basis for survey method of pilot work on the fourth national traditional Chinese medicinal resource census. PMID:23944023

Ma, Wei-Feng; Zhang, Xiao-Bo; Guo, Lan-Ping; Zhang, Ben-Gang; Zhao, Run-Huai; Huang, Lu-Qi; Zhu, Shou-Dong; Qiao, Yu

2013-04-01

405

Spectral compressor vibration analysis techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies at GAT have verified that the spectral distribution of energy in gaseous diffusion compressor vibrations contains information pertinent to the state of the compressor's ''health.'' Based on that conclusion, vibration analysis capabilities were included in the CUP computer data acquisition system. In order for that information to be used for diagnosis of incipient failure mechanisms, however, spectral features must

1982-01-01

406

Human Specimen Resources | Resources  

Cancer.gov

Researchers who utilize or require human specimens for their research may benefit from the information in this section, including how to find specimens for research, how to establish a tissue bank or resource, and funding opportunities related to human specimens.

407

A user need study and system plan for an Arizona Natural Resources Information System report to the Arizona state legislature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A survey instrument was developed and implemented in order to evaluate the current needs for natural resource information in Arizona and to determine which state agencies have information systems capable of coordinating, accessing and analyzing the data. Data and format requirements were determined for the following categories: air quality, animals, cultural resources, geology, land use, soils, water, vegetation, ownership, and social and economic aspects. Hardware and software capabilities were assessed and a data processing plan was developed. Possible future applications with the next generation LANDSAT were also identified.

1980-01-01

408

NCI: Research Resources > Resources by Category  

Cancer.gov

Skip Navigation Home Resources by Category Resources by DOC Related Links Advanced Search eMICE Web Site Electronic Models Information, Communication, and Education An Internet resource providing extensive information about experimental and spontaneous

409

Integrating water data, models and forecasts - the Australian Water Resources Information System (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Under the Commonwealth Water Act 2007 the Bureau of Meteorology was given a new national role in water information, encompassing standards, water accounts and assessments, hydrological forecasting, and collecting, enhancing and making freely available Australias water information. The Australian Water Resources Information System (AWRIS) is being developed to fulfil part of this role, by providing foundational data, information and model structures and services. Over 250 organisations across Australia are required to provide water data and metadata to the Bureau, including federal, state and local governments, water storage management and hydroelectricity companies, rural and urban water utilities, and catchment management bodies. The data coverage includes the categories needed to assess and account for water resources at a range of scales. These categories are surface, groundwater and meteorological observations, water in storages, water restrictions, urban and irrigation water use and flows, information on rights, allocations and trades, and a limited suite of water quality parameters. These data are currently supplied to the Bureau via a file-based delivery system at various frequencies from annual to daily or finer, and contain observations taken at periods from minutes to monthly or coarser. One of the primary keys to better data access and utilisation is better data organisation, including content and markup standards. As a significant step on the path to standards for water data description, the Bureau has developed a Water Data Transfer Format (WDTF) for transmission of a variety of water data categories, including site metadata. WDTF is adapted from the OGCs observation and sampling-features standard. The WDTF XML schema is compatible with the OGC's Web Feature Service (WFS) interchange standard, and conforms to GML Simple Features profile (GML-SF) level 1, emphasising the importance of standards in data exchange. In the longer term we are also working with the OGCs Hydrology Domain Working Group on the development of WaterML 2, which will provide an international standard applicable to a sub-set of the information handled by WDTF. Making water data accessible for multiple uses, such as for predictive models and external products, has required the development of consistent data models for describing the relationships between the various data elements. Early development of the AWRIS data model has utilised a model-driven architecture approach, the benefits of which are likely to accrue in the long term, as more products and services are developed from the common core. Moving on from our initial focus on data organisation and management, the Bureau is in the early stages of developing an integrated modelling suite (the Bureau Hydrological Modelling System - BHMS) which will encompass the variety of hydrological modelling needs of the Bureau, ranging from water balances, assessments and accounts, to streamflow and hydrological forecasting over scales from hours and days to years and decades. It is envisaged that this modelling suite will also be developed, as far as possible, using standardised, discoverable services to enhance data-model and model-model integration.

Argent, R.; Sheahan, P.; Plummer, N.

2010-12-01

410

Use of depth information from in-depth photon counting detectors for x-ray spectral imaging: a preliminary simulation study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose: Photon counting x-ray detectors (PCXD) may improve dose-efficiency but are hampered by limited count rate. They generally have imperfect energy response. Multi-layer ("in-depth") detectors have been proposed to enable higher count rates but the potential benefit of the depth information has not been explored. We conducted a simulation study to compare in-depth detectors against single layer detectors composed of common materials. Both photon counting and energy integrating modes were studied. Methods: Polyenergetic transmissions were simulated through 25cm of water and 1cm of calcium. For PCXD composed of Si, GaAs or CdTe a 120kVp spectrum was used. For energy integrating x-ray detectors (EIXD) made from GaAs, CdTe or CsI, spectral imaging was done using 80 and 140kVp and matched dose. Semi-ideal and phenomenological energy response models were used. To compare these detectors, we computed the Cramr-Rao lower bound (CRLB) of the variance of basis material estimates. Results: For PCXDs with perfect energy response, depth data provides no additional information. For PCXDs with imperfect energy response and for EIXDs the improvement can be significant. E.g., for a CdTe PCXD with realistic energy response, depth information can reduce the variance by ~50%. The improvement depends on the x-ray spectrum. For a semi-ideal Si detector and a narrow x-ray spectrum the depth information has minimal advantage. For EIXD, the in-depth detector has consistent variance reduction (15% and 17%~19% for water and calcium, respectively). Conclusions: Depth information is beneficial to spectral imaging for both PCXD and EIXD. The improvement depends critically on the detector energy response.

Yao, Yuan; Bornefalk, Hans; Hsieh, Scott S.; Danielsson, Mats; Pelc, Norbert J.

2014-03-01

411

Depression - resources  

MedlinePLUS

Resources - depression ... Depression is a medical condition. If you think you may be depressed, see a health care provider. ... following organizations are good resources of information on depression : American Psychological Association - www.apa.org/topics/depress/ ...

412

Integrating electronic information resources for NHS Glasgow staff at the point of need: a model of interlibrary collaboration and resource sharing.  

PubMed

The Glasgow NHS Libraries Consortium has harnessed the political imperative of collaboration and the capability of electronic information resources to address inequalities in access to the knowledge base across NHS Glasgow. They have negotiated consortium arrangements to an extensive range of electronic databases and journals which no single Glasgow NHS library could afford independently. A Project Officer was appointed to undertake the administration, technical work and promotion required to build a Web-based electronic library to deliver resources to all NHS Glasgow staff on an equitable basis. Close partnership with online content providers enabled the Project Officer to find solutions to problems caused by authentication systems and license restrictions. These efforts have culminated in the production of a fully integrated virtual library--the NHS Glasgow e-Library--delivering 11 major electronic databases, 440 full-text electronic journals, 48 electronic textbooks and over 5000 journal contents pages. The NHS Glasgow e-Library is without precedent within the NHS in terms of its wealth of resources, and it provides a model for Scotland-wide access to the knowledge base. The sustainability and transferability of the resource is dependent on a number of key areas-maintenance, user training, evaluation, IT infrastructure and ongoing collaboration and unification. Ongoing research will monitor how far the NHS Glasgow e-Library has strengthened the connection between research evidence and clinical practice. PMID:11791863

Davies, S; Wales, A

2001-12-01

413

75 FR 29969 - Information Collection; Volunteer Application for Natural Resources Agencies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...is needed by participating natural resources agencies to manage...volunteer programs of the following natural resource agencies are included...U.S. Forest Service and Natural Resources Conservation Service...Geological Survey; Department of Defense: U.S. Army Corps of...

2010-05-28

414

78 FR 56649 - Information Collection; Volunteer Application and Agreement for Natural and Cultural Resources...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...is needed by participating natural resources agencies to manage...volunteer programs of the following natural resource agencies are included...Agriculture: Forest Service and Natural Resources Conservation Service...Survey; 3. Department of Defense: U.S. Army Corps of...

2013-09-13

415

29.01.03.M1.12 Information Resources Network Access Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

that the infrastructure, which includes media, active electronic equipment (e.g., switchers, routers, access points) and supporting software, be able to meet current performance requirements while retaining the flexibility of those resources. This SAP is intended to provide a set of measures that will mitigate information

416

Animal Dissection. [Fact Sheet and Resource List Information Packet from the Humane Society of the United States].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Killing animals for classroom dissection causes animal suffering, cheapens the value of life, and depletes wild animal populations, yet it remains commonplace. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) addresses the issue in this information packet which includes a fact sheet and three resource lists "on Dissection." The fact sheet discusses

Balcombe, Jonathan

417

The use of the Internet as a resource for health information among patients attending a rheumatology clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To determine the proportion of patients attending a rheumatology clinic who have access to a computer with Internet capabilities, to establish how often they search for health information, and how difficult or useful they find this resource. Methods. We performed a questionnaire-based study of consecutive patients attending a rheumatology clinic in two city teaching hospitals over a 1 week

M.-M. Gordon; H. A. Capell; R. Madhok

2002-01-01

418

The University of Arizona Human Resources FORM UAHR-NEWHIR-0608 Page 1 of 3 EMPLOYEE NEW HIRE INFORMATION  

E-print Network

are a Classified Staff or Appointed Personnel employee and whether or not you are benefits and retirement- eligible The University of Arizona ­ Human Resources FORM UAHR-NEWHIR-0608 Page 1 of 3 EMPLOYEE NEW HIRE INFORMATION (Employee should retain for his or her records) EMPLOYEE "TO DO" LIST (New Employee Checklist

Ziurys, Lucy M.

419

Humour as a Resource and Strategy for Boys to Gain Status in the Field of Informal School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a feminist approach this paper illustrates how humour is used as a resource and strategy for status among Finnish school boys and in constructing culturally accepted masculinity in the field of informal school. Based on interview and observation material collected in three schools, the results suggest that although humour is often

Huuki, Tuija; Manninen, Sari; Sunnari, Vappu

2010-01-01

420

Examining the effect of strategic alignment on business performance: Knowledge management, information technology, and human resource management strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, evidences indicate that knowledge management (KM) strategy and human resource management (HRM) strategy are interdependent and must be integrated with information technology (IT) as a whole to improve the business performance. Empirical data for hypotheses testing are collected from top-ranked companies in Taiwan; yielding 161 valid samples. Performance implications of strategic alignment are examined using matching approaches. The generated

Y. Y. Chen; H. L. Huang

2008-01-01

421

Lab 1: Earthquake Resources & Plotting Epicenters Overview: Students will access global earthquake database information and plot the  

E-print Network

Lab 1: Earthquake Resources & Plotting Epicenters Overview: Students will access global earthquake online data information (2) Plot the longitude and latitude of an earthquake on a map. (3) Identify-15 mins (when time available) Materials: - Instruction sheet/Challenge Worksheet - 11x17 global map (x 20

Smith-Konter, Bridget

422

The Alaska Mineral Resource Assessment Program; background information to accompany geologic and mineral-resource maps of the Cordova and Middleton Island quadrangles, southern Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

report summarizes recent results of integrated geological, geochemical, and geophysical field and laboratory studies conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Cordova and Middleton Island 1?x3 ? quadrangles of coastal southern Alaska. Published open-file reports and maps accompanied by descriptive and interpretative texts, tables, diagrams, and pertinent references provide background information for a mineral-resource assessment of the two quadrangles. Mines in the Cordova and Middleton Island quadrangles produced copper and byproduct gold and silver in the first three decades of the 20th century. The quadrangles may contain potentially significant undiscovered resources of precious and base metals (gold, silver, copper, zinc, and lead) in veins and massive sulfide deposits hosted by Cretaceous and Paleogene sedimentary and volcanic rocks. Resources of manganese also may be present in the Paleogene rocks; uranium resources may be present in Eocene granitic rocks; and placer gold may be present in beach sands near the mouth of the Copper River, in alluvial sands within the canyons of the Copper River, and in smaller alluvial deposits underlain by rocks of the Valdez Group. Significant coal resources are present in the Bering River area, but difficult access and structural complexities have discouraged development. Investigation of numerous oil and gas seeps near Katalla in the eastern part of the area led to the discovery of a small, shallow field from which oil was produced between 1902 and 1933. The field has been inactive since, and subsequent exploration and drilling onshore near Katalla in the 1960's and offshore near Middleton Island on the outer continental shelf in the 1970's and 1980's was not successful.

Winkler, Gary R.; Plafker, George; Goldfarb, R.J.; Case, J.E.

1992-01-01

423

Audit Report on "The Office of Science's Management of Information Technology Resources"  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's Office of Science (Science) and its facility contractors are aggressive users of information technology (IT) to support fundamental research in areas such as energy, environmental remediation and computational sciences. Of its $4 billion Fiscal Year 2008 budget, Science spent about $287 million to manage its IT program. This included cyber security activities, acquisition of hardware and software, and support service costs used to maintain the operating environments necessary to support the missions of the program. Prior Office of Inspector General reports have identified various issues with Science's management of its IT programs and resources. For instance, our report on Facility Contractor Acquisition and Management of Information Technology Hardware (DOE/IG-0768, June 2007) noted that the Science sites reviewed spent more than necessary when acquiring IT hardware. In another example, our review of The Department's Efforts to Implement Common Information Technology Services at Headquarters (DOE/IG-0763, March 2007) disclosed that Science's reluctance to adopt the Department of Energy Common Operating Environment (DOE-COE) at Headquarters contributed to the Department's inability to fully realize potential cost savings through consolidation and economies of scale. In light of the magnitude of the Office of Science IT program and previously identified program weaknesses, we initiated this audit to determine whether Science adequately managed its IT resources. Science had taken a number of actions to improve its cyber security posture and align its program to Federal requirements. Yet, our review disclosed that it had not taken some basic steps to enhance security and reduce costs. In particular, we found that: (1) For their non-scientific computing environments, all seven of the field sites reviewed (two Federal, five contractor) had implemented security configurations that were less stringent than those included in the Federal Desktop Core Configuration. This configuration was designed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and its use was mandated by the Office of Management and Budget; (2) Although we previously highlighted weaknesses and recommended corrective actions, Science still had not fully established or enforced IT hardware standards for acquiring hardware such as desktop and laptop computers or related peripherals, contributing to significant unnecessary expenditures; and (3) While we have noted in a series of past reports that significant savings could be realized from aggregating demand for IT services and products across the enterprise, Science had not implemented a common infrastructure for users at its Federal sites and continued to maintain an IT environment independent of the Department's Common IT Operating Environment. The weaknesses identified were attributable, at least in part, to a lack of adequate policies and procedures for ensuring effective cyber security and hardware acquisition practices. In addition, Science had not effectively monitored the performance of its field sites to ensure that previously reported internal control weaknesses were addressed and had not implemented an appropriate mechanism to track its IT-related costs. Without improvements, Science may be unable to realize the benefits of improved security over its information systems, reduce costs associated with hardware acquisition, and lower IT support costs through consolidation of services. In particular, we determined that Science could potentially realize savings of more than $3.3 million over the next three years by better controlling hardware costs and implementing standards for certain equipment. Furthermore, Science could continue to pay for duplicative IT support services and fail to take advantage of opportunities to lower costs and apply potential savings to mission-related work. During the course of our audit work, we learned from Science officials that they had initiated the process of revising the Program Cyber Security Plan to better clarify its policy for implementing

None

2009-11-01

424

Kullback-Leibler information in resolving natural resource conflicts when definitive data exist  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Conflicts often arise in the management of natural resources. Often they result from differing perceptions, varying interpretations of the law, and self-interests among stakeholder groups (for example, the values and perceptions about spotted owls and forest management differ markedly among environmental groups, government regulatory agencies, and timber industries). We extend the conceptual approach to conflict resolution of Anderson et al. (1999) by using information-theoretic methods to provide quantitative evidence for differing stakeholder positions. Importantly, we assume that relevant empirical data exist that are central to the potential resolution of the conflict. We present a hypothetical example involving an experiment to assess potential effects of a chemical on monthly survival probabilities of the hen clam (Spisula solidissima). The conflict centers on 3 stakeholder positions: 1) no effect, 2) an acute effect, and 3) an acute and chronic effect of the chemical treatment. Such data were given to 18 analytical teams to make independent analyses and provide the relative evidence for each of 3 stakeholder positions in the conflict. The empirical evidence strongly supports only one of the 3 positions in the conflict: the application of the chemical causes acute and chronic effects on monthly survival, following treatment. Formal inference from all the stakeholder positions is provided for the 2 key parameters underlying the hen clam controversy. The estimates of these parameters were essentially unbiased (the relative bias for the control and treatment group's survival probability was -0.857% and 1.400%, respectively) and precise (coefficients of variation were 0.576% and 2.761%, respectively). The advantages of making formal inference from all the models, rather than drawing conclusions from only the estimated best model, is illustrated. Finally, we contrast information-theoretic and Bayesian approaches in terms of how positions in the controversy enter the formal analysis.

Anderson, D.R.; Burnham, K.P.; White, G.C.

2001-01-01

425

The Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service: A Physician's Resource in Toxicology and Occupational Medicine  

PubMed Central

Hazard evaluation is an emerging science. The Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS), part of California's program in preventive occupational health, is a resource for clinicians who wish to stay abreast of the relationship between toxicology and occupational health. For example, advances in assays for cancer or reproductive effects in test animals enable us to identify with greater confidence significant cancer or reproductive hazards among the increasing variety of workplace exposures. Occupational experiences with dibromochloropropane (DBCP), Kepone, bis(chloromethyl) ether, benzidine and vinyl chloride demonstrate the shortcomings of relying on human data. The latency period of cancer, limited sensitivity of epidemiologic studies and severity of effects require us to use animal test data to evaluate the potential cancer and reproductive risks of workplace substances. HESIS gives appropriate weight to experimental data in hazard evaluations of chemicals such as ethylene oxide, ethylene dibromide, polychlorinated biphenyls and the glycol ethers. A similar approach is apparent in the California Department of Health Services' recently released Carcinogen Identification Policy. PMID:6819719

Hooper, Kim

1982-01-01

426

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 43: The role of information resource training in aerospace education. Expanded version  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information resource instruction for undergraduate aerospace engineering students has traditionally been limited to an occasional part of the education process--a written paper required in the capstone design course or a library tour. Efforts to encourage the use of aerospace literature and information resources have been made in the past decade, with a recent push from information and, especially, networking technology. This paper presents data from a survey of U.S. aerospace engineering students regarding their instruction in the use of information resources. We find that more than 25 percent of the students surveyed had no instruction in technical communications skills or the use of information resources. We consider the need for instruction in the use of information resources and technical communications skills and the opportunities presented for improvement.

Lawrence, Barbara; Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.; Holloway, Karen

1994-01-01

427

Spectrally selective glazings  

SciTech Connect

Spectrally selective glazing is window glass that permits some portions of the solar spectrum to enter a building while blocking others. This high-performance glazing admits as much daylight as possible while preventing transmission of as much solar heat as possible. By controlling solar heat gains in summer, preventing loss of interior heat in winter, and allowing occupants to reduce electric lighting use by making maximum use of daylight, spectrally selective glazing significantly reduces building energy consumption and peak demand. Because new spectrally selective glazings can have a virtually clear appearance, they admit more daylight and permit much brighter, more open views to the outside while still providing the solar control of the dark, reflective energy-efficient glass of the past. This Federal Technology Alert provides detailed information and procedures for Federal energy managers to consider spectrally selective glazings. The principle of spectrally selective glazings is explained. Benefits related to energy efficiency and other architectural criteria are delineated. Guidelines are provided for appropriate application of spectrally selective glazing, and step-by-step instructions are given for estimating energy savings. Case studies are also presented to illustrate actual costs and energy savings. Current manufacturers, technology users, and references for further reading are included for users who have questions not fully addressed here.

NONE

1998-08-01

428

Building a Digital Library from the Ground Up: an Examination of Emergent Information Resources in the Machine Learning Community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current crop of digital libraries for the computing community are strongly grounded in the conventional library paradigm: they provide indexes to support searching of collections of research papers. As such, these digital libraries are relatively impoverished; the present computing digital libraries omit many of the documents and resources that are currently available to computing researchers, and offer few browsing structures. These computing digital libraries were built 'top down': the resources and collection contents are forced to fit an existing digital library architecture. A 'bottom up' approach to digital library development would begin with an investigation of a community's information needs and available documents, and then design a library to organize those documents in such a way as to fulfill the community's needs. The 'home grown', informal information resources developed by and for the machine learning community are examined as a case study, to determine the types of information and document organizations 'native' to this group of researchers. The insights gained in this type of case study can be used to inform construction of a digital library tailored to this community.

Cunningham, Sally Jo

429

Infobuttons and classification models: a method for the automatic selection of on-line information resources to fulfill clinicians' information needs  

PubMed Central

Objective Infobuttons are decision support tools that offer links to information resources based on the context of the interaction between a clinician and an electronic medical record (EMR) system. The objective of this study was to explore machine learning and web usage mining methods to produce classification models for the prediction of information resources that might be relevant in a particular infobutton context. Design Classification models were developed and evaluated with an infobutton usage dataset. The performance of the models was measured and compared with a reference implementation in a series of experiments. Measurements Level of agreement (kappa) between the models and the resources that clinicians actually used in each infobutton session. Results The classification models performed significantly better than the reference implementation (p<0.0001). The performance of these models tended to decrease over time, probably due to a phenomenon known as concept drift. However, the performance of the models remained stable when concept drift handling techniques were used. Conclusion The results suggest that classification models are a promising method for the prediction of information resources that a clinician would use to answer patient care questions. PMID:18249041

Del Fiol, Guilherme; Haug, Peter J.

2008-01-01

430

Summary of technical information and agreements from Nuclear Management and Resources Council industry reports addressing license renewal  

SciTech Connect

In about 1990, the Nuclear Management and Resources Council (NUMARC) submitted for NRC review ten industry reports (IRs) addressing aging issues associated with specific structures and components of nuclear power plants ad one IR addressing the screening methodology for integrated plant assessment. The NRC staff had been reviewing the ten NUMARC IRs; their comments on each IR and NUMARC responses to the comments have been compiled as public documents. This report provides a brief summary of the technical information and NUMARC/NRC agreements from the ten IRs, except for the Cable License Renewal IR. The technical information and agreements documented herein represent the status of the NRC staffs review when the NRC staff and industry resources were redirected to address rule implementation issues. The NRC staff plans to incorporate appropriate technical information and agreements into the draft standard review plan for license renewal.

Regan, C.; Lee, S. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div. of Reactor Program Management; Chopra, O.K.; Ma, D.C.; Shack, W.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1996-10-01

431

Automated detection and interpretation of spectral information using cross-correlation, millilitre volumes, pneumatic nebulization sample introduction and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry with photodiode array detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A method for automated detection and interpretation of spectral information from 230 nm spectral windows, millilitre volume samples for 15 elements is presented. The basic approach involves cross-correlation of a spectral pattern obtained by running laboratory prepared multi-element `unknowns' with a reference spectral pattern obtained by running a single element standard. From the resultant cross-correlogram, it can be decided whether or not the sought-for reference spectral pattern (and the corresponding element) are present in the unknown. Spectral patterns were acquired using an inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) system equipped with a linear, 1024-element, photo-diode array (Leco, Plasmarray). Reference spectral patterns for Al, Au, Be, Cd, Cu, Ga, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pd, Si, Sc, Y, Sr and Zn were converted to noise-free and interference-free binary software masks and, subsequently, to analogue software masks. Cross-correlation of the analogue masks with spectral patterns acquired by running multi-element unknowns is discussed, an algorithm that does not rely on fast Fourier transforms (FFT) to calculate cross-correlations is presented and a context-sensitive, colour-coded and interrogatable periodic table graphical user-interface that presents the likely composition of an unknown on the computer screen is described in detail.

Karanassios, V.; Drouin, P. J.; Spiers, G. A.

1998-08-01

432

Patient Information in Graves' Disease and Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy: Readability Assessment of Online Resources  

PubMed Central

Background: The Internet is a vital source of information for patients hoping to learn more about their disease. Health literacy of the general population is known to be poor, with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) recommending that patient-oriented literature be written at a fourth- to sixth-grade reading level to optimize comprehensibility. In this study we assessed the readability of online literature specifically for Graves' disease (GD) and thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods: Readability of the content of the top 20 English-language GD patient-oriented online resources and top 30 of the equivalent TAO resources returned by Google search was analyzed. Web pages were identified using the Google search terms Graves' disease and Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy, respectively. Extraneous text (e.g., hyperlinks, affiliations, disclaimers) was removed. Relevant text proceeded to readability analysis using four validated measures: Flesch Reading Ease Score, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook, and Gunning-Fog Index. Readability was compared with USDHHS standards. Results: Overall, median word count (with interquartile range [IQR] and range) was 990 (IQR 846, 1953867), with a median of 18 words per sentence (IQR 4.0, 7.528). Median Flesch Reading Ease Score was 46 (IQR 13, 2464), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 11 (IQR 3.0, 7.217), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook 13 (IQR 2.0, 9.617), and Gunning-Fog Index 13 (IQR 3.0, 9.219), each equivalent to a reading level of >11th grade and difficult on the USDHHS classification. None of the web pages evaluated had readability scores in accordance with published guidelines. There was no significant difference with the country of origin of each web page, website commercial status, or with pages predominantly focused on GD or TAO. Conclusions: Readability scores for online GD and TAO patient-focused materials are inferior to those recommended. Screening of this online material, as well as subsequent revision, is crucial to increase future patient knowledge, satisfaction, and compliance. PMID:24040878

Denniston, Alastair K.; Boelaert, Kristien; Franklyn, Jayne A.; Durrani, Omar M.

2014-01-01

433

Global catalogue of microorganisms (gcm): a comprehensive database and information retrieval, analysis, and visualization system for microbial resources  

PubMed Central

Background Throughout the long history of industrial and academic research, many microbes have been isolated, characterized and preserved (whenever possible) in culture collections. With the steady accumulation in observational data of biodiversity as well as microbial sequencing data, bio-resource centers have to function as data and information repositories to serve academia, industry, and regulators on behalf of and for the general public. Hence, the World Data Centre for Microorganisms (WDCM) started to take its responsibility for constructing an effective information environment that would promote and sustain microbial research data activities, and bridge the gaps currently present within and outside the microbiology communities. Description Strain catalogue information was collected from collections by online submission. We developed tools for automatic extraction of strain numbers and species names from various sources, including Genbank, Pubmed, and SwissProt. These new tools connect strain catalogue information with the corresponding nucleotide and protein sequences, as well as to genome sequence and references citing a particular strain. All information has been processed and compiled in order to create a comprehensive database of microbial resources, and was named Global Catalogue of Microorganisms (GCM). The current version of GCM contains information of over 273,933 strains, which includes 43,436bacterial, fungal and archaea species from 52 collections in 25 countries and regions. A number of online analysis and statistical tools have been integrated, together with advanced search functions, which should greatly facilitate the exploration of the content of GCM. Conclusion A comprehensive dynamic database of microbial resources has been created, which unveils the resources preserved in culture collections especially for those whose informatics infrastructures are still under development, which should foster cumulative research, facilitating the activities of microbiologists world-wide, who work in both public and industrial research centres. This database is available from http://gcm.wfcc.info. PMID:24377417

2013-01-01

434

Community Code Resource Directory CBIIT: Welcome to the NCI Center for Biomedical Informatics and Information Technology  

Cancer.gov

This directory is intended to promote the exchange of community-developed digital capabilities supporting cancer research. The resources in this compilation are recommended by the community and will grow quickly to include capabilities across many biomedical domains. Check back frequently as new resources are added. To recommend a community-code resource for inclusion in this directory or to provide comments on this page, e-mail Application Support.

435

Spectral matting.  

PubMed

We present spectral matting: a new approach to natural image matting that automatically computes a basis set of fuzzy matting components from the smallest eigenvectors of a suitably defined Laplacian matrix. Thus, our approach extends spectral segmentation techniques, whose goal is to extract hard segments, to the extraction of soft matting components. These components may then be used as building blocks to easily construct semantically meaningful foreground mattes, either in an unsupervised fashion, or based on a small amount of user input. PMID:18703825

Levin, Anat; Rav-Acha, Alex; Lischinski, Dani

2008-10-01

436

Spectral Logic Inversion Using Optical Wave Mixing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main objective of the program is to utilize nonlinear optical wave mixing for spectrally parallel logic operations. In this program, we are investigating the parallel processing of information in the spectral domain. Specifically, we are investigating...

Yeh

1995-01-01

437

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN MANAGING OF TERRITORIAL RESOURCES: AN EXAMPLE FOR THE SABATINI GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM (CENTRAL ITALY)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic Information System (GIS) is very important tool in managing the interdisciplinary researches and territorial resources. GIS integrates data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information. They can represent a scientific and social benefit. Here we present an application of GIS to a potentially exploitable geothermal area. The geothermal resource can be used either indirectly or directly. In the first case electricity is produced from high enthalpy systems. In second case heating and cooling systems are obtained from medium or low enthalpy systems. Italian geothermal resources employment is still poorly developed in direct use sector, despite the great geothermal potentials suitable for this purpuse. Often this limited application is due mainly to a inadequate territory knowledge and sometimes by difficulties in obtaining required information. In this case the creation of a geo-database can be extremely helpful. The studied area is located in Central Italy, just north of Rome, and comprise the western part of the Sabatini Volcanic District, Tolfa Mountains, extending up to Civitavecchia. Exploration surveys investigated this area during 70s-90s for geothermal purpose, but the area still results unexploited. The presence of thermal waters and of anomalous heat flow, together with demographical growing of the last years, make this site a suitable location for direct applications of the geothermal resource. Previews work and new data about geological, structural, hydrogeological, geochemical features have been processed to be recorded in a geo-database . Further, social data about demographical trend and available scientific record concerning the studied area fulfill the database. The majority of available geological information date back to early 90s; an important part of the work consisted in the digitalization and updating of pre-existent data. The final product is a WEB-GIS that can facilitate diffusion and consultation of geographically referenced data, which can be easily managed by public and private infrastructures, research institutes and universities, allowing a better development of the territorial resources.

Procesi, M.; Cinti, D.; Poncia, P.; de Rita, D.

2009-12-01

438

Spectral Experiments+  

E-print Network

We describe extensive computational experiments on spectral properties of random objects - random cubic graphs, random planar triangulations, and Voronoi and Delaunay diagrams of random (uniformly distributed) point sets on the sphere). We look at bulk eigenvalue distribution, eigenvalue spacings, and locality properties of eigenvectors. In all cases we discover completely new (at least to this author) phenomena.

Rivin, Igor

2014-01-01

439

The use of social media and mobile device applications to disseminate natural hazard information by Natural Resources Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public expectation of near-instant and reliable information is constantly rising. Such expectation puts increasing demands on organizations charged with providing the public with information on hazard events in near-real-time, while ensuring quality and accuracy of content. Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) has responded by augmenting existing methods for earthquake information distribution with new and varied methods for relaying natural hazards information. We profile tools now employed operationally by NRCan to distribute earthquake information to emergency measures organizations, news media and the public. Also presented will be an example of a smart-'phone application which includes several tools for natural hazard preparedness and response, supplemented with automated real-time alerts.

Bird, A. L.; Ulmi, M.; Majewski, C.; Hayek, K.; Edwards, W.; McCormack, D. A.; Cole, R. T.; de Paor, D. R.

2011-12-01

440

The Role of Information in Computational-Resource Allocation, for the TASK REF  

E-print Network

. An open-interest market makes no assumptions on the interests of agents or resource own- ers. The incentives of agents in the two markets drastically differ. The open-interest model motivates agents that they consume. The sec- ond type of market is an open-interest market that makes no assumptions on resource

Kotz, David

441

Spatial information-based approach for integrated coastal resource management in Asian tsunami-affected countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The coastal area shows high population density with many urban conglomerations and in consequence, rapid population growth. Therefore, an Integrated Coastal Resource Management (ICRM) process is needed to develop and manage human uses of coastal resources following the principles of sustainable development. ICRM must be aimed at maximizing synergistic and complementary interactions and minimizing competitive and antagonistic ones. Coastal tourism

Tariful Islam; Sugianto Saman

442

Measuring organizational performance in strategic human resource management: Problems, prospects and performance information markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major challenge for Strategic Human Resource Management research in the next decade will be to establish a clear, coherent and consistent construct for organizational performance. This article describes the variety of measures used in current empirical research linking human resource management and organizational performance. Implications for future research are discussed amidst the challenges of construct definition, divergent stake-holder criteria

Edward W. Rogers; Patrick M. Wright

1998-01-01

443

Turning liabilities into resources: informal village doctors and tuberculosis control in Bangladesh.  

PubMed Central

In 1998, the Damien Foundation Bangladesh invited semi-qualified, private "gram dakter" (Bangla for "village doctors") to participate in tuberculosis (TB) programmes in a population of 26 million people in rural Bangladesh. The organization trained 12 525 village doctors to not only refer suspected TB cases for free diagnosis but also to provide directly observed treatment (DOT) free of charge. Source of referral and place of DOT was recorded as part of the standardized TB recording and reporting system, which enabled us to quantify the contribution of village doctors to case detection rates and also allowed disaggregated cohort analysis of treatment outcome. During 2002 and 2003, 11% of all TB cases with positive sputum smears in the study area had been referred by village doctors; the rate of positive tests in patients referred by village doctors was 14.4%. 18 792 patients received DOT from village doctors, accounting for between 20% and 45% of patients on treatment during the 1998-2003 period. The treatment success rate was about 90% throughout the period. Urine samples taken during random checks of treatment compliance were positive for isoniazid in 98% of patients treated by village doctors. Within the framework of Public-Private Mix DOTS, services provided by semi-qualified private health care providers are a feasible and effective way to improve access to affordable high quality TB treatment in poor rural populations. The large informal health workforce that exists in resource poor countries can be used to achieve public health goals. Involvement of village doctors in TB control has now become national policy in Bangladesh. PMID:16799732

Hamid Salim, M. A.; Uplekar, Mukund; Daru, Paul; Aung, Maug; Declercq, E.; Lonnroth, Knut

2006-01-01

444

Use of portable devices and confocal Raman spectrometers at different wavelength to obtain the spectral information of the main organic components in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit samples, in two ripening stages, ripe (red) and unripe (green), collected from a cultivar in the North of Spain (Barrika, Basque Country), were analyzed directly, without any sample pretreatment, with two different Raman instruments (portable spectrometer coupled to a micro-videocamera and a confocal Raman microscope), using two different laser excitation wavelengths (514 and 785 nm, only for the confocal microscope). The combined use of these laser excitation wavelengths allows obtaining, in a short period of time, the maximum spectral information about the main organic compounds present in this fruit. The major identified components of unripe tomatoes were cutin and cuticular waxes. On the other hand, the main components on ripe tomatoes were carotenes, polyphenoles and polysaccharides. Among the carotenes, it was possible to distinguish the presence of lycopene from ?-carotene with the help of both excitation wavelengths, but specially using the 514 nm one, which revealed specific overtones and combination tones of this type of carotene.

Trebolazabala, Josu; Maguregui, Maite; Morillas, Hctor; de Diego, Alberto; Madariaga, Juan Manuel

2013-03-01

445

Remotely-sensed data as an information source for geographical information systems in natural resource management a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remotely-sensed image data have long served as a primary source of information for. geographical information systems (GIS), with the transformation of data to information provided by visual image interpretation. Digital image data, in combination with recent advances in computer technology, currently allow visual image interpretation to be realised in a completely digital processing environment. However, it remains desirable to capitalize

CRAIG M. TROTTER

1991-01-01

446

MetaMapp: mapping and visualizing metabolomic data by integrating information from biochemical pathways and chemical and mass spectral similarity  

PubMed Central

Background Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) leads to higher rates of pulmonary diseases and infections in children. To study the biochemical changes that may precede lung diseases, metabolomic effects on fetal and maternal lungs and plasma from rats exposed to ETS were compared to filtered air control animals. Genome- reconstructed metabolic pathways may be used to map and interpret dysregulation in metabolic networks. However, mass spectrometry-based non-targeted metabolomics datasets often comprise many metabolites for which links to enzymatic reactions have not yet been reported. Hence, network visualizations that rely on current biochemical databases are incomplete and also fail to visualize novel, structurally unidentified metabolites. Results We present a novel approach to integrate biochemical pathway and chemical relationships to map all detected metabolites in network graphs (MetaMapp) using KEGG reactant pair database, Tanimoto chemical and NIST mass spectral similarity scores. In fetal and maternal lungs, and in maternal blood plasma from pregnant rats exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), 459 unique metabolites comprising 179 structurally identified compounds were detected by gas chromatography time of flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF MS) and BinBase data processing. MetaMapp graphs in Cytoscape showed much clearer metabolic modularity and complete content visualization compared to conventional biochemical mapping approaches. Cytoscape visualization of differential statistics results using these graphs showed that overall, fetal lung metabolism was more impaired than lungs and blood metabolism in dams. Fetuses from ETS-exposed dams expressed lower lipid and nucleotide levels and higher amounts of energy metabolism intermediates than control animals, indicating lower biosynthetic rates of metabolites for cell division, structural proteins and lipids that are critical for in lung development. Conclusions MetaMapp graphs efficiently visualizes mass spectrometry based metabolomics datasets as network graphs in Cytoscape, and highlights metabolic alterations that can be associated with higher rate of pulmonary diseases and infections in children prenatally exposed to ETS. The MetaMapp scripts can be accessed at http://metamapp.fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu. PMID:22591066

2012-01-01

447

Environmental Information Systems and Community-Based Resource Management in Ghana: An Investigation of Institutional Policy and Implementation in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employed a case-study approach and cross-case analysis to investigate the impact of Environmental Information Systems (EIS) and Local Knowledge Systems (LKS) on agro-forestry management and biodiversity conservation. Questionnaire-based interviews with service providers, resource managers and focus group discussions with farmers associated with the United Nations Capacity 21, the Netherlands Tropenbos International (TBI) and the United Nations Project on

Abednego Ayitey Aryee

2007-01-01

448

Development and evaluation of an audiovisual information resource to promote self-management of chemotherapy side-effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a theoretical framework, we developed an audiovisual resource to promote self-management of eight common chemotherapy side-effects. A patient needs analysis identified content domains, best evidence for preparing patients for threatening medical procedures and a systematic review of effective self-care strategies informed script content. Patients and health professionals were invited to complete a written evaluation of the video. A

Mariko Carey; Michael Jefford; Penelope Schofield; Siobhan Kelly; Meinir Krishnasamy; Sanchia Aranda

2006-01-01

449

Spectral Dictionaries  

PubMed Central

Database search tools identify peptides by matching tandem mass spectra against a protein database. We study an alternative approach when all plausible de novo interpretations of a spectrum (spectral dictionary) are generated and then quickly matched against the database. We present a new MS-Dictionary algorithm for efficiently generating spectral dictionaries and demonstrate that MS-Dictionary can identify spectra that are missed in the database search. We argue that MS-Dictionary enables proteogenomics searches in six-frame translation of genomic sequences that may be prohibitively time-consuming for existing database search approaches. We show that such searches allow one to correct sequencing errors and find programmed frameshifts. PMID:18703573

Kim, Sangtae; Gupta, Nitin; Bandeira, Nuno; Pevzner, Pavel A.

2009-01-01

450

An inventory of state natural resources information systems. [including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data bases and information systems developed and maintained by state agencies to support planning and management of environmental and nutural resources were inventoried for all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands. The information obtained is assembled into a computerized data base catalog which is throughly cross-referecence. Retrieval is possible by code, state, data base name, data base acronym, agency, computer, GIS capability, language, specialized software, data category name, geograhic reference, data sources, and level of reliability. The 324 automated data bases identified are described.

Martinko, E. A. (principal investigator); Caron, L. M.; Stewart, D. S.

1984-01-01

451

Developing, implementing, and evaluating tuberculosis laboratory information systems for resource-poor settings  

E-print Network

Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients in resource-poor settings experience large delays in starting appropriate drug regimens and are often not monitored appropriately due to an overburdened health care system, ...

Blaya, Joaquin A. (Joaquin Andres), 1978-

2009-01-01

452

Information Infrastructures in Distributed Environments: Algorithms for Mobile Networks and Resource Allocation  

E-print Network

to prevent multiple nodes from accessing some shared resource simultaneously. We present two algorithms that solve the dining philosophers problem. The first algorithm considers an asynchronous message-passing model while the second one considers...

Chung, Hyun-Chul

2013-10-28

453

36 CFR 293.15 - Gathering information about resources other than minerals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...posting of performance bonds. (d) Prospecting for water resources and the establishment of new reservoirs, water-conservation works, power projects, transmission lines, and other facilities needed in the public interest and the...

2012-07-01

454

The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR): a model organism database providing a centralized, curated gateway to Arabidopsis biology, research materials and community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arabidopsis thaliana is the most widely-studied plant today. The concerted efforts of over 11 000 researchers and 4000 organizations around the world are generating a rich diversity and quantity of information and materials. This information is made available through a comprehensive on-line resource called the Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR) (http:\\/\\/arabidopsis.org), which is accessible via commonly used web browsers and can

Seung Yon Rhee; William D. Beavis; Tanya Z. Berardini; Guanghong Chen; David A. Dixon; Aisling Doyle; Margarita Garcia-hernandez; Eva Huala; Gabriel Lander; Mary Montoya; Neil Miller; Lukas A. Mueller; Suparna Mundodi; Leonore Reiser; Julie Tacklind; Dan C. Weems; Yihe Wu; Iris Xu; Daniel Yoo; Jungwon Yoon; Peifen Zhang

2003-01-01

455

Information Architecture and Design Solutions Scaffolding Authoring of Open Educational Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the open learning object repository and collaborative authoring platform LeMill (http:\\/\\/lemill.net), which has over 7,500 members and over 8,500 reusable learning resources (situation in October 30th, 2009), all created by the community members. The design of LeMill has tackled numerous challenges that hinder the authoring and sharing of educational resources by communities of teachers. This paper describes

Teemu Leinonen; Jukka Purma; Hans Poldoja; Tarmo Toikkanen

2010-01-01

456

Expansion and Enhacement of the Wyoming Coalbed Methane Clearinghouse Website to the Wyoming Energy Resources Information Clearinghouse.  

SciTech Connect

Energy development is expanding across the United States, particularly in western states like Wyoming. Federal and state land management agencies, local governments, industry and non-governmental organizations have realized the need to access spatially-referenced data and other non-spatial information to determine the geographical extent and cumulative impacts of expanding energy development. The Wyoming Energy Resources Information Clearinghouse (WERIC) is a web-based portal which centralizes access to news, data, maps, reports and other information related to the development, management and conservation of Wyoming??s diverse energy resources. WERIC was established in 2006 by the University of Wyoming??s Ruckelshaus Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) and the Wyoming Geographic Information Science Center (WyGISC) with funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The WERIC web portal originated in concept from a more specifically focused website, the Coalbed Methane (CBM) Clearinghouse. The CBM Clearinghouse effort focused only on coalbed methane production within the Powder River Basin of northeast Wyoming. The CBM Clearinghouse demonstrated a need to expand the effort statewide with a comprehensive energy focus, including fossil fuels and renewable and alternative energy resources produced and/or developed in Wyoming. WERIC serves spatial data to the greater Wyoming geospatial community through the Wyoming GeoLibrary, the WyGISC Data Server and the Wyoming Energy Map. These applications are critical components that support the Wyoming Energy Resources Information Clearinghouse (WERIC). The Wyoming GeoLibrary is a tool for searching and browsing a central repository for metadata. It provides the ability to publish and maintain metadata and geospatial data in a distributed environment. The WyGISC Data Server is an internet mapping application that provides traditional GIS mapping and analysis functionality via the web. It is linked into various state and federal agency spatial data servers allowing users to visualize multiple themes, such as well locations and core sage grouse areas, in one domain. Additionally, this application gives users the ability to download any of the data being displayed within the web map. The Wyoming Energy Map is the newest mapping application developed directly from this effort. With over a 100 different layers accessible via this mapping application, it is the most comprehensive Wyoming energy mapping application available. This application also provides the public with the ability to create cultural and wildlife reports based on any location throughout Wyoming and at multiple scales. The WERIC website also allows users to access links to federal, state, and local natural resource agency websites and map servers; research documents about energy; and educational information, including information on upcoming energy-relate conferences. The WERIC website has seen significant use by energy industry consultants, land management agencies, state and local decision-makers, non-governmental organizations and the public. Continued service to these sectors is desirable but some challenges remain in keeping the WERIC site viable. The most pressing issue is finding the human and financial resources to keep the site continually updated. Initially, the concept included offering users the ability to maintain the site themselves; however, this has proven not to be a viable option since very few people contributed. Without user contributions, the web page relied on already committed university staff to publish and link to the appropriate documents and web-pages. An option that is currently being explored to address this issue is development of a partnership with the University of Wyoming, School of Energy Resources (SER). As part of their outreach program, SER may be able to contribute funding for a full-time position dedicated to maintenance of WERIC.

Hulme, Diana; Hamerlinck, Jeffrey; Bergman, Harold; Oakleaf, Jim

2010-03-26

457

Nonfuel mineral resources in the United States-Mexico border region; a progress report on information available from the Center for Inter-American Mineral Resource Investigations (CIMRI)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The exploitation of minerals has played a significant role in population growth and development of the U.S.Mexico border region. Recent proposed changes in regulations related to mining in the United States and changes in mining and investment regulations in Mexico have led to increased mineral exploration and development in Mexico, especially in the border region. As a preliminary step in the study of the mineral industry of this area, the Center for Inter-American Mineral Resource Investigations (CIMRI) of the U.S. Geological Survey has compiled mine and occurrence data for nonfuel minerals in the border region. Analysis of this information indicates that a wide variety of metallic and industrial mineral commodities are present which can be used in agriculture, infrastructure, environmental improvement, and other industries. Therefore, mining will continue to play a significant role in the economy of this region.

Orris, G.J.; Page, N.J.; Staude, J.G.; Bolm, K.S.; Carbonaro, M.M.; Gray, Floyd; Long, K.R.

1993-01-01

458

Mapping Tomorrow's Resources: A symposium on the uses of remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for natural resources management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The College of Natural Resources recognizes the important role it has in educating natural resources managers and leaders who can provide the guidance and knowledge needed to increase the production of the earth's renewable resources while sustaining and enhancing the global environment and the natural resource base. The College's teaching, research, extension, and service efforts focus on the many aspects

Falconer

1993-01-01

459

Innovative Resources for Education and Public Information: Electronic Services, Data and Information from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and Other NASA Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), which supports the operation of the Hubble Space Telescope, is actively investigating and supporting innovative and experimental methods for improving science and math education content. The educational resources on the World Wide Web are derived from the latest data, scientific results, and advances in the supporting technology of the Hubble Mission. The resources and services offered are created through strategic partnerships between scientists, technical staff, educators, informal science institutions, and other key organizations. The inspirational nature of astronomical data lends itself well to multimedia applications and methods using new Internet technologies that cultivate exploration and discovery. Experiments conducted in bringing scientific content, human expertise and the technology together for the benefit of the public and the educational community are illuminating with regard to the barriers and cultural differences between the various participants. Topics discussed in this paper include: (1) astronomy and space science relevance to Web-based applications; (2) research tools and data migration; (3) STScI application, including strategic partnerships and teaming, presentation, and innovative processes; (4) other issues, including intellectual property, caching of resources, and training needs; and (5) samples of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)-funded Web-based programs and resources.

Christian, Carol A.

1996-10-01

460

Spectral Experiments+  

E-print Network

We describe extensive computational experiments on spectral properties of random objects - random cubic graphs, random planar triangulations, and Voronoi and Delaunay diagrams of random (uniformly distributed) point sets on the sphere). We look at bulk eigenvalue distribution, eigenvalue spacings, and locality properties of eigenvectors. We also look at the statistics of \\emph{nodal domains} of eigenvectors on these graphs. In all cases we discover completely new (at least to this author) phenomena. The author has tried to refrain from making specific conjectures, inviting the reader, instead, to meditate on the data.

Igor Rivin

2014-10-12

461

Spectral Bundles  

E-print Network

In this work I will construct certain general bundles $$ and $$ of Hausdorff locally convex spaces associated to a given Banach bundle $$. Then I will present conditions ensuring the existence of bounded selections $\\mathcal{U}\\in \\Gamma^{x_{\\infty}}(\\rho)$ and $\\mathcal{P}\\in \\Gamma^{x_{\\infty}}(\\eta)$ both continuous at a point $x_{\\infty}\\in X$, such that $\\mathcal{U}(x)$ is a $C_{0}-$semigroup of contractions on $\\mathfrak{E}_{x}$ and $\\mathcal{P}(x)$ is a spectral projector of the infinitesimal generator of the semigroup $\\mathcal{U}(x)$, for every $x\\in X$.

Silvestri, Benedetto

2009-01-01

462

48 CFR 1852.204-76 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NASA Electronic Information or to the function of IT systems operated on behalf of NASA, and to preserve evidence of computer crime. (e) At the completion of the contract, the contractor shall return all NASA information and IT...

2013-10-01

463

48 CFR 1852.204-76 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NASA Electronic Information or to the function of IT systems operated on behalf of NASA, and to preserve evidence of computer crime. (e) At the completion of the contract, the contractor shall return all NASA information and IT...

2011-10-01

464

48 CFR 552.239-71 - Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...data or to the function of information technology systems operated on behalf of GSA, and to preserve evidence of computer crime. This information shall be available to GSA upon request. (l) Subcontracts. The Contractor shall...

2012-10-01

465

48 CFR 1852.204-76 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NASA Electronic Information or to the function of IT systems operated on behalf of NASA, and to preserve evidence of computer crime. (e) At the completion of the contract, the contractor shall return all NASA information and IT...

2012-10-01

466

48 CFR 552.239-71 - Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...data or to the function of information technology systems operated on behalf of GSA, and to preserve evidence of computer crime. This information shall be available to GSA upon request. (l) Subcontracts. The Contractor shall...

2011-10-01

467

48 CFR 552.239-71 - Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...data or to the function of information technology systems operated on behalf of GSA, and to preserve evidence of computer crime. This information shall be available to GSA upon request. (l) Subcontracts. The Contractor shall...

2013-10-01

468

Limited Attention as a Scarce Resource in Information-Rich Economies &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses basic facts from the psychology of attention to show how the limited attention of consumers affects economic competition. The article determines endogenously whether an economy is information rich or information poor. A conventional economic equilibrium results if subjects have spare attention capacity. At the positive level, the respective impacts of advances in information technology, international integration and

Josef Falkinger

2008-01-01

469

INTRODUCTION OF DATA RESOURCES TO BE USED IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, like in many other scientific fields, it is well known that the great efforts have being spent on the establishment of the Geographic Information System in mapping field which includes spatial (graphic) data and attribute (non-graphic) information. Lately, thanks to the important progresses occurred in the computer technology, Digital Geographic Databases (DGB) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have being

M. zbalmumcu

470

[Resources of information in the field of bioethics in Italy: survey of the present state and perspectives].  

PubMed

The research project "Collection and dissemination of bioethical information through an integrated electronic system", started in 2001 by the Istituto Superiore di Sanit (ISS), had among its objectives, the realization of an integrated system for data collection and exchange of documents related to bioethics. The system should act as a reference tool for those research activities impacting on citizens' health and welfare. This paper aims at presenting some initiatives, developed in the project framework, in order to establish an Italian documentation network, among which: a) exchange of ISS publications with Italian institutions active in this field; b) survey through a questionnaire aimed at assessing Italian informative resources, state-of-the-art and holdings of documentation centres and ethical committees; c) Italian Internet resources analysis. The results of the survey, together with the analysis of web sites, show that at present in Italy there are many interesting initiatives for collecting and spreading of documentation in the bioethical fields, but there is an urgent need for an integration of such resources. Ethical committees generally speaking need a larger availability of documents, while there are good potentialities for the establishment of an electronic network for document retrieval and delivery. PMID:15637404

Della Seta, Maurella; Sellitri, Cinzia

2004-01-01

471

Vegetation species composition and canopy architecture information expressed in leaf water absorption measured in the 1000 nm and 2200 spectral region by an imaging spectrometer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Plant species composition and plant architectural attributes are critical parameters required for the measuring, monitoring, and modeling of terrestrial ecosystems. Remote sensing is commonly cited as an important tool for deriving vegetation properties at an appropriate scale for ecosystem studies, ranging from local to regional and even synoptic scales. Classical approaches rely on vegetation indices such as the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) to estimate biophysical parameters such as leaf area index or intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (IPAR). Another approach is to apply a variety of classification schemes to map vegetation and thus extrapolate fine-scale information about specific sites to larger areas of similar composition. Imaging spectrometry provides additional information that is not obtainable through broad-band sensors and that may provide improved inputs both to direct biophysical estimates as well as classification schemes. Some of this capability has been demonstrated through improved discrimination of vegetation, estimates of canopy biochemistry, and liquid water estimates from vegetation. We investigate further the potential of leaf water absorption estimated from Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data as a means for discriminating vegetation types and deriving canopy architectural information. We expand our analysis to incorporate liquid water estimates from two spectral regions, the 1000-nm region and the 2200-nm region. The study was conducted in the vicinity of Jasper Ridge, California, which is located on the San Francisco peninsula to the west of the Stanford University campus. AVIRIS data were acquired over Jasper Ridge, CA, on June 2, 1992, at 19:31 UTC. Spectra from three sites in this image were analyzed. These data are from an area of healthy grass, oak woodland, and redwood forest, respectively. For these analyses, the AVIRIS-measured upwelling radiance spectra for the entire Jasper Ridge scene were transformed to apparent surface reflectance using a radiative transfer code-based inversion algorithm.

Green, Robert O.; Roberts, Dar A.

1995-01-01