Sample records for resources spectral information

  1. New theoretical models and ratio imaging techniques associated with the NASA earth resources spectral information system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vincent, R. K.

    1974-01-01

    Four independent investigations are reported; in general these are concerned with improving and utilizing the correlation between the physical properties of natural materials as evidenced in laboratory spectra and spectral data collected by multispectral scanners. In one investigation, two theoretical models were devised that permit the calculation of spectral emittance spectra for rock and mineral surfaces of various particle sizes. The simpler of the two models can be used to qualitatively predict the effect of texture on the spectral emittance of rocks and minerals; it is also potentially useful as an aid in predicting the identification of natural atmospheric aerosol constituents. The second investigation determined, via an infrared ratio imaging technique, the best pair of infrared filters for silicate rock-type discrimination. In a third investigation, laboratory spectra of natural materials were compressed into 11-digit ratio codes for use in feature selection, in searches for false alarm candidates, and eventually for use as training sets in completely automatic data processors. In the fourth investigation, general outlines of a ratio preprocessor and an automatic recognition map processor are developed for on-board data processing in the space shuttle era.

  2. Drought Resources and Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Drought Resources and Information Web site is maintained by the Utah State University Extension Water Resource Issues Team, which was created to "address information needs related to water conservation and quality in agriculture and urban settings." The site provides information on several subjects including landscape irrigation, agricultural water uses, home water conservation, drought and weather monitoring, and more.

  3. Geographic Information Systems Resources

    Cancer.gov

    The GIS Resources section provides links to other websites and resources that may be particularly beneficial for investigators new to conducting GIS research. This section contains information about best practices in GIS research, guidance for maintaining confidentiality in research projects, sources and organizations that can provide information on GIS, regulations that impact the collection and display of georeferenced data, and other reference documents for issues relevant to GIS.

  4. Solar Radiation Resource Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is the Solar Radiation Resource Information page for the RReDC which provides information on several types of renewable energy resources in the United States, in the form of publications, data, and maps. An extensive dictionary of renewable energy related terms is also provided. This page has links to: -Archived Data -NREL Data Collection Activities -Solar Spectra -Solar Codes & Algorithms -Solar Models -Solar Calculators -Publications. Keyword: Photovoltaic, cell, PV.

  5. Information Technology Resources Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

  6. Florida Information Resource Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Francis C.

    1986-01-01

    The Florida Information Resource Network (FIRN) is an effort by the Florida education community and the Florida Legislature to provide an electronic link among all agencies, institutions, and schools in the public education system. The communications link, perhaps one of the most advanced in the nation, has three purposes: (1) to provide equal…

  7. Online Drug Information Resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen Cooper

    2008-01-01

    There are many online drug information resources available from commercial vendors, but they are often too costly for hospital librarians on a limited budget. Several free Internet options available from a variety of commercial, government, U.S., foreign, professional, and consumer sites are described here.

  8. Education Resources Information Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education, produces the world's premier database of journal and non-journal education literature. The ERIC online system provides the public with a centralized ERIC Web site for searching the ERIC bibliographic database of more than 1.1 million citations going back to 1966. More than 107,000 full-text non-journal documents (issued 1993-2004), previously available through fee-based services only, are now available for free. ERIC is moving forward with its modernization program, and has begun acquiring materials for addition to the database.

  9. Environmental Information Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    The Institute for the Environment is a joint public-private partnership between The George Washington University in Washington D.C. and the US Environmental Protection Agency. The Institute has implemented the Environmental Information Resources site providing information about the environment, including everything from ocean oil spills, to environmental college research world wide, to Access EPA (an on-line data base of environmental details), to the first model Green University along with its on-line Strategic Plan, to the U.S. Green Building Council's membership form. The site links to over two hundred other sites around the world and more are being added every day. The system is entirely free and has been cited by the President and Vice-President of the United States of America in a Environmental Technology report that was given in April of 1995.

  10. Biotechnology Information Resource (BIC)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Agricultural biotechnology has garnered considerable attention from the media as of late. This site, maintained by the National Agricultural Library of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), offers a wide-ranging collection of resources on biotechnology research and education. While skeptics or opponents of current practices in agricultural biotechnology will find few items that reflect their views, the site is still useful for anyone interested in biotech research and regulation. Resources include the full text of selected biotechnology patents (1994-96), research news and newsletters, links to sites involved in biotech education, government and NGO documents, bibliographies (all from 1996), and subject specific resources for Bovine Somatotropin (bST/BGH), Bioremediation, and BT Toxin. Please note that some of the linked sites are rather dated and that this site should be regarded as a starting point rather than a comprehensive source, especially with regard to new developments in the field.

  11. Storage and retrieval of mass spectral information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hohn, M. E.; Humberston, M. J.; Eglinton, G.

    1977-01-01

    Computer handling of mass spectra serves two main purposes: the interpretation of the occasional, problematic mass spectrum, and the identification of the large number of spectra generated in the gas-chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis of complex natural and synthetic mixtures. Methods available fall into the three categories of library search, artificial intelligence, and learning machine. Optional procedures for coding, abbreviating and filtering a library of spectra minimize time and storage requirements. Newer techniques make increasing use of probability and information theory in accessing files of mass spectral information.

  12. Resources and Information for Parents about Braille

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Vision Loss Braille Braille Resources for Parents Resources Resources and Information for Parents About Braille Learning Braille ... All Announcements Share: Email Print Like (28 Likes) Resources and Information for Parents About Braille Back to : ...

  13. RIMS: Resource Information Management System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Symes, J.

    1983-01-01

    An overview is given of the capabilities and functions of the resource management system (RIMS). It is a simple interactive DMS tool which allows users to build, modify, and maintain data management applications. The RIMS minimizes programmer support required to develop/maintain small data base applications. The RIMS also assists in bringing the United Information Services (UIS) budget system work inhouse. Information is also given on the relationship between the RIMS and the user community.

  14. Bed Bug Information Website Resources

    E-print Network

    Sibille, Etienne

    stage immature bed bugs are light colored, somewhat translucent and only 1mm in length Adult bed bugsBed Bug Information Website Resources: www.bedbugger.com www.bedbugcentral.com http are approximately ¼ inch in length and are reddish ­brown in color Bed bugs are nocturnal Can be found in bed

  15. Resource Brokering Service: Timely and Efficient Information Resource Allocation

    E-print Network

    Van Hook, Daniel J.

    We address supporting unanticipated users and uses of limited information resources (sensors, databases, weapons - any resource intrinsically tied to digital information) in a timely and efficient fashion. Platform-centric ...

  16. The complex spectral analysis method (CSAM): a new approach to the analysis of spectral information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Resmini, Ronald G.

    2005-06-01

    Algorithms for the analysis of spectral information operate almost exclusively with real-number arithmetic on real-number entities; i.e. spectra. This is certainly so in the exploitation of imaging spectrometer data. Motivated by a desire to take advantage of the power of complex mathematics for spectral analysis and an attempt to incorporate additional spectral information into traditional exploitation techniques, a method to transform real-number spectra into complex numbers is presented. The esssence of the complex spectral analysis method (CSAM)is the population of the imaginary part of a complex number representation of a spectrum; the original, untransformed spectrum forms the real part of the complex number. Here, the imaginary part is assigned the magnitude of the separation between successive points in a spectrum; its sign is equal to the sign of the slope of the line segment connecting the two points. This parameterization is chosen to pack more information on spectral shape into signatures operated on by algorithms modified to process complex data. A spectral library of mineral signatures was converted to complex spectra. A confusion matrix of complex spectral angles was constructed for the transformed library. A confusion matrix of real spectral angles between the original, untransformed library signatures was generated for comparison. The CSAM signatures provide greater spectral separability with a lower number of hits (i.e. number of confusion matrix cells with angle values less than or equal to the threshold) per threshold angle compared to the real spectral angles. CSAM separability also exceeds that of appended spectra where an extended real spectrum is created by appending the transformed information onto the end of the original, real spectrum rather than creating a complex spectrum. Numerous spectral parameterizations (and information sources) for building complex spectra are suggested as is the utility of CSAM for hyperspectral information (HSI) analysis and exploitation.

  17. Forest Resource Information System (FRIS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    The technological and economical feasibility of using multispectral digital image data as acquired from the LANDSAT satellites in an ongoing operational forest information system was evaluated. Computer compatible multispectral scanner data secured from the LANDSAT satellites were demonstrated to be a significant contributor to ongoing information systems by providing the added dimensions of synoptic and repeat coverage of the Earth's surface. Major forest cover types of conifer, deciduous, mixed conifer-deciduous and non-forest, were classified well within the bounds of the statistical accuracy of the ground sample. Further, when overlayed with existing maps, the acreage of cover type retains a high level of positional integrity. Maps were digitized by a graphics design system, overlayed and registered onto LANDSAT imagery such that the map data with associated attributes were displayed on the image. Once classified, the analysis results were converted back to map form as a cover type of information. Existing tabular information as represented by inventory is registered geographically to the map base through a vendor provided data management system. The notion of a geographical reference base (map) providing the framework to which imagery and tabular data bases are registered and where each of the three functions of imagery, maps and inventory can be accessed singly or in combination is the very essence of the forest resource information system design.

  18. [An information extraction method of spectral images based on 3D spectral angle statistics].

    PubMed

    Feng, Wei-Yi; Chen, Qian; He, Wei-Ji; Gu, Guo-Hua; Miao, Zhuang

    2013-05-01

    A novel information extraction method of spectral images based on 3D spectral angle statistics is proposed. By computing the spectral angle between adjacent pixels of the image in the horizontal, vertical and diagonal direction respectively, a 3D information statistical model was then constructed. This model reflects the similarity between adjacent pixels which represent some kind of materials. Uniform areas and edge information of the same material, which will be used for the training sample collection in supervised classification, can be extracted from the image if different threshold values are set and slices are extracted from different axes in the statistical model. Compared with the traditional statistical tools, such as the histogram and scatter diagram, this statistical method has higher robustness and reliability. And it can obtain more information extracted from the spectral images. PMID:23905337

  19. Reconstruction of solar spectral resource using limited spectral sampling for concentrating photovoltaic systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tatsiankou, Viktar; Hinzer, Karin; Mohammed, Jafaru; Muron, Aaron; Wilkins, Matthew; Haysom, Joan; Schriemer, Henry; Myrskog, Stefan

    2013-10-01

    One of the challenges associated with forecasting and evaluating concentrating photovoltaic system (CPV) performance in diverse locations is the lack of high-quality spectral solar resource data. Various local atmospheric conditions such as air mass, aerosols, and atmospheric gases affect daily CPV module operation. A multi-channel filter radiometer (MFCR) can be used to quantify these effects at relatively low cost. The proposed method of selectively sampling the solar spectrum at specific wavelength channels to spectrally reconstruct incident irradiance is described and extensively analyzed. Field spectroradiometer (FSR) measurements at the University of Ottawa's CPV testing facility (45.42°N, 75.68°W) are fed into our model to mimic the outputs from the MCFR. The analysis is performed over a two year period (2011-2012), using 46,564 spectra. A recommendation is made to use four aerosols channels at 420, 500, 780, and 1050 nm, one ozone channel at 610 nm and one water vapour channel at 940 nm, all of which can be measured with ubiquitous Si photodiodes. A simulation of this MFCR channel configuration produces an RMS error under 1.5% over 96% of the 350-1830 nm range, when compared with the FSR, for the 2012 data set in Ottawa.

  20. Using spectral information in forensic imaging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gordon M. Miskelly; John H. Wagner

    2005-01-01

    Improved detection of forensic evidence by combining narrow band photographic images taken at a range of wavelengths is dependent on the substance of interest having a significantly different spectrum from the underlying substrate. While some natural substances such as blood have distinctive spectral features which are readily distinguished from common colorants, this is not true for visualization agents commonly used

  1. Title: Ontario Wind Resources Information Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

    E-print Network

    as an input to the Wind Resource Atlas, a web mapping application for helping users determine the feasibility of developing in wind power. This package contains GIS data that is displayed in the Wind Resource Atlas in this package is in Geographic, Decimal Degrees, Nad 83 CNT. For more information about the wind resource atlas

  2. Integration of spatial–spectral information for the improved extraction of endmembers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. M. Rogge; B. Rivard; J. Zhang; A. Sanchez; J. Harris; J. Feng

    2007-01-01

    Spectral-based image endmember extraction methods hinge on the ability to discriminate between pixels based on spectral characteristics alone. Endmembers with distinct spectral features (high spectral contrast) are easy to select, whereas those with minimal unique spectral information (low spectral contrast) are more problematic. Spectral contrast, however, is dependent on the endmember assemblage, such that as the assemblage changes so does

  3. Human Resource Services Health Insurance Informational Session

    E-print Network

    Karonis, Nicholas T.

    Human Resource Services Health Insurance Informational Session January 2013 Human Resource Services Completion of Paperwork Human Resource Services #12;HRS Insurance Office Contacts Deborah Haliczer (rbechtel@niu.edu ­ 753-8230) Bridgett Davis (bdavis@niu.edu ­ 753-6318) Human Resource Services #12;Recent

  4. Information systems resources and information security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kuo-chung Chang; Chih-ping Wang

    Recent studies suggest that the number of information security incidents has increased dramatically and has caused significant\\u000a economic loss worldwide. Awareness of the significance of information security is evidenced by a rapid increase in information\\u000a security investments. Despite the fact that information security has taken on a new level of importance, academic research\\u000a on this subject is still in its

  5. Handbook of Career Information Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frobose, Denise C.

    The guide listing instructional resources for career education is organized according to the 15 occupational clusters developed by the U. S. Office of Education: agribusiness and natural resources, business and office, communications and media, construction, consumer and homemaking education, environment, arts and humanities, health, hospitality…

  6. Information Resource Management for Industrial Information Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dosa, Marta

    This paper argues that the function of educational programs is to convey a sense of reality and an understanding of the open-endedness of information needs and situations; only such a reality orientation can instill the necessary flexibility in information professionals for effectively managing change. There is a growing consensus among…

  7. Human Resource Information Systems: Backbone Technology of Contemporary Human Resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ANTHONY R. HENDRICKSON

    2003-01-01

    The Human Resource (HR) function of organizations is changing rapidly, reacting to a changing social and organizational environment and rapidly evolving information technologies. Social and organizational changes exert pressure on HR professionals to provide expanded services, of a higher quality, faster, and seamlessly linked with other corporate functions (Pfeffer, 1997). Information technologies (IT), which provide enabling technologies to assist HR

  8. Human Resources for Information Development in Sudan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wesley, Cecile

    1992-01-01

    Describes the state of human resources development in Sudan's information industry. Training problems and the emigration of high level personnel are discussed, guidelines for human resource development are suggested, and national strategies to develop and retain Sudan's human resources are suggested. (EA)

  9. information & research skills programme European Union Resources

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    informED information & research skills programme European Union Resources © European Community and politics 4 The Budget - Financing the European Union 5 Economic and monetary policy 6 Single market. Culture 18 External Relations 19 Law EUROPA ­ Gateway to the European Union http

  10. The Montana Natural Resource Information System

    SciTech Connect

    Stimson, J.R. (Natural Resource Information System, Helena, MT (United States))

    1991-06-01

    The Montana Natural Resource Information System (NRIS) is a program created by the legislature to make sources of data and information on Montana's natural resource easily and readily accessible. The program serves business and industry, state and federal agencies, and private citizens by providing a clearinghouse and referral service to link data users with the best sources of information. In addition, NRIS helps coordinate among agencies and organizations that collect, manage, or use the same types of natural resource information to prevent duplication of effort and promote information sharing. The NRIS program consist of the following components: Natural Heritage Program, a computer-assisted inventory of Montana's biological resources emphasizing the locations of rare or endangered plant and animal species and biological communites; Water Information System, a program for locating all kinds of water resource information including data on surface water, groundwater, water quality, riparian areas, water rights, and climate data; Geographic Information System, which provides technical assistance for statewide GIS projects and to agencies developing in-house GIS capability and coordinates GIS data standards and sharing throughout the state; and Natural Resource Index, a geographical and subject area indexing system for existing data sources (published and unpublished sources).

  11. Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Integrating Resources by Integrating Information Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

    The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), an organization charged with providing information services to the Department of Defense (DoD) scientific and technical community, actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the technical…

  12. Information resource management concepts for records managers

    SciTech Connect

    Seesing, P.R.

    1992-10-01

    Information Resource Management (ERM) is the label given to the various approaches used to foster greater accountability for the use of computing resources. It is a corporate philosophy that treats information as it would its other resources. There is a reorientation from simply expenditures to considering the value of the data stored on that hardware. Accountability for computing resources is expanding beyond just the data processing (DP) or management information systems (MIS) manager to include senior organization management and user management. Management`s goal for office automation is being refocused from saving money to improving productivity. A model developed by Richard Nolan (1982) illustrates the basic evolution of computer use in organizations. Computer Era: (1) Initiation (computer acquisition), (2) Contagion (intense system development), (3) Control (proliferation of management controls). Data Resource Era: (4) Integration (user service orientation), (5) Data Administration (corporate value of information), (6) Maturity (strategic approach to information technology). The first three stages mark the growth of traditional data processing and management information systems departments. The development of the IRM philosophy in an organization involves the restructuring of the DP organization and new management techniques. The three stages of the Data Resource Era represent the evolution of IRM. This paper examines each of them in greater detail.

  13. Information resource management concepts for records managers

    SciTech Connect

    Seesing, P.R.

    1992-10-01

    Information Resource Management (ERM) is the label given to the various approaches used to foster greater accountability for the use of computing resources. It is a corporate philosophy that treats information as it would its other resources. There is a reorientation from simply expenditures to considering the value of the data stored on that hardware. Accountability for computing resources is expanding beyond just the data processing (DP) or management information systems (MIS) manager to include senior organization management and user management. Management's goal for office automation is being refocused from saving money to improving productivity. A model developed by Richard Nolan (1982) illustrates the basic evolution of computer use in organizations. Computer Era: (1) Initiation (computer acquisition), (2) Contagion (intense system development), (3) Control (proliferation of management controls). Data Resource Era: (4) Integration (user service orientation), (5) Data Administration (corporate value of information), (6) Maturity (strategic approach to information technology). The first three stages mark the growth of traditional data processing and management information systems departments. The development of the IRM philosophy in an organization involves the restructuring of the DP organization and new management techniques. The three stages of the Data Resource Era represent the evolution of IRM. This paper examines each of them in greater detail.

  14. Natural Resource Information for Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herfindahl, Orris C.

    This study is concerned with the problem of collecting information on natural resources. It analyses the cost of effectiveness of various kinds of surveys and related techniques (for example, aerial photography, geological and soil studies, and forest surveys) under various conditions, distinguishing between "time-bound" information and…

  15. State Literacy Resource Centers Program Grant Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Clearinghouse on Adult Education and Literacy.

    This document provides information on the State Literacy Resource Centers established by the National Literacy Act. The information provided for each state in a chart format includes type of action being taken under the grant, operator and location, allocation (in dollars), and contact person with address and telephone number. The 50 states are…

  16. 41 CFR 105-53.143 - Information Resources Management Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Information Resources Management Service. 105-53.143...105-53.143 Information Resources Management Service. (a) Creation...Administrator of General Services. The Information Resources...

  17. On Information Theory, Spectral Geometry and Quantum Gravity

    E-print Network

    Achim Kempf; Robert Martin

    2007-08-01

    We show that there exists a deep link between the two disciplines of information theory and spectral geometry. This allows us to obtain new results on a well known quantum gravity motivated natural ultraviolet cutoff which describes an upper bound on the spatial density of information. Concretely, we show that, together with an infrared cutoff, this natural ultraviolet cutoff beautifully reduces the path integral of quantum field theory on curved space to a finite number of ordinary integrations. We then show, in particular, that the subsequent removal of the infrared cutoff is safe.

  18. Solar resource assessment with a solar spectral irradiance meter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tatsiankou, Viktar; Hinzer, Karin; Muron, Aaron; Haysom, Joan; Schriemer, Henry; Myrskog, Stefan

    2014-09-01

    The SSIM prototype was designed at the University of Ottawa as a cost-effective alternative to a field spectrora-diometer. The instrument was installed at the University of Ottawa's CPV testing facility in September, 2013, collecting the environmental and spectral data from October, 2013 to March, 2014. The SSIM's performance was compared against an ASD field spectroradiometer and an Eppley pyrheliometer during a six month study. It was observed that the SSIM can accurately reproduce the solar spectrum and the direct normal irradiance. The mean difference between the SSIM and the Eppley pyrheliometer was within ±1.5% for cloudless periods in October, 2013. However, bandpass filter degradation and moisture ingress limited the long term performance of the device.

  19. USGS Water Resources Maps and GIS Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This portal, sponsored by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), provides access to maps and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) datasets for water resources in the United States. There is an extensive selection of datasets on irrigation, groundwater resources and issues, surficial and subsurface geology, hydrology, water contaminants, stream flow, and many other topics. There are also links to the Geospatial Data Clearinghouse, the EarthExplorer Landsat imagery site, the National Map Seamless Server, and other mapping and data download sites.

  20. THE COATINGS GUIDE: AN ONLINE INFORMATION RESOURCE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper discusses the Coatings Guide, a free online information training resource that focuses on alternative low-emission coatings for metal and plastic substrates. Developed cooperatively by the U.S. EPA's Office of Research and Development and Research Triangle Institute, it...

  1. Geographic Information System Resources to Support

    E-print Network

    Geographic Information System Resources to Support Biomass/Bioenergy/Biofuel Decision Making Hawaii Natural Energy Institute Abstract The Hawaii Natural Energy Institute assessed potential biomass/bioenergy/biofuel for both sugar and fiber, and algae for oil or other intermediate products. The objective of this report

  2. Grid Information Services for Distributed Resource Sharing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karl Czajkowski; Carl Kesselman; Steven Fitzgerald; Ian T. Foster

    2001-01-01

    Grid technologies enable large-scale sharing of re- sources within formal or informal consortia of individu- als and\\/or institutions: what are sometimes called virtual organizations. In these settings, the discovery, characteri- zation, and monitoring of resources, services, and compu- tations can be challenging due to the considerable diver- sity, large numbers, dynamic behavior, and geographical distribution of the entities in which

  3. Agroecological Aspect of Using Spectral Data as Information and Predictions Support

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kancheva, R.; Borisova, D.

    In the contemporary world aerospace information gathered by different sensors and numerous observation missions has become a genuine necessity in various investigation and application fields During the last years the destructive processes caused by natural disasters or anthropogenic activities are in the focus of the scientific research and occupy the attention of social communities and government authorities Remote sensing technologies are widely used for the purpose of natural resources management crop assessment land covers change detection ecosystems preservation and many other world significant problems Recent developments in environmental studies are greatly connected with the worldwide ecological problems related to anthropogenic impacts on the biosphere and first of all on vegetation Advanced monitoring and alerting on-time information extraction modeling and forecasting technologies are a preposition for successful data application and decision support in environmental studies In agriculture remote sensing is applied for assessing plant development processes and growth conditions This paper is devoted to ground-based spectral modeling as an integral part of vegetation remote sensing monitoring The influence of soil properties and anthropogenic factors fertilization heavy metal pollution on crop spectral response is studied Empirical relationships are established between the stress factors plant spectral response and agronomic variables thus attaching a quantitative measure to the spectral indicators of crop stress A

  4. Scene classification using combined spectral, textural, and contextual information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tso, Brandt; Olsen, Richard C.

    2004-08-01

    A classification scheme incorporating spectral, textural, and contextual information is detailed in this paper. The gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) is calculated to generate texture features. Those features are then subjected to a selection process for joining with spectral data in order to evaluate their discrimination capability in classification performance. The classification result is further enhanced with contexture in terms of a refined Markov random field (MRF) model. Multiscale edge features are derived to overcome the bias generally contributed by the presence of edge pixels during the MRF classification process. The smooth weighting parameter for the refined MRF model is chosen based on the probability histogram analysis of those edge pixels. The maximum a posterior margin (MPM) algorithm is used to search the solution. The joining of texture with spectral data produces a significant enhancement in classification accuracy. The refined MRF-model with a soft version line process, in comparison with the traditional MRF model, successfully restricted the commonly found over-smoothed result, and simultaneously improved the classification accuracy and visual interpretation.

  5. Lunar Resources Using Moderate Spectral Resolution Visible and Near-infrared Spectroscopy: Al/si and Soil Maturity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fischer, Erich M.; Pieters, Carle M.; Head, James W.

    1992-01-01

    Modern visible and near-infrared detectors are critically important for the accurate identification and relative abundance measurement of lunar minerals; however, even a very small number of well-placed visible and near-infrared bandpass channels provide a significant amount of general information about crucial lunar resources. The Galileo Solid State Imaging system (SSI) multispectral data are an important example of this. Al/Si and soil maturity will be discussed as examples of significant general lunar resource information that can be gleaned from moderate spectral resolution visible and near-infrared data with relative ease. Because quantitative-albedo data are necessary for these kinds of analyses, data such as those obtained by Galileo SSI are critical. SSI obtained synoptic digital multispectral image data for both the nearside and farside of the Moon during the first Galileo Earth-Moon encounter in December 1990. The data consist of images through seven filters with bandpasses ranging from 0.40 microns in the ultraviolet to 0.99 microns in the near-infrared. Although these data are of moderate spectral resolution, they still provide information for the following lunar resources: (1) titanium content of mature mare soils based upon the 0.40/0.56-micron (UV/VIS) ratio; (2) mafic mineral abundance based upon the 0.76/0.99-micron ratio; and (3) the maturity or exposure age of the soils based upon the 0.56-0.76-micron continuum and the 0.76/0.99-micron ratio. Within constraints, these moderate spectral resolution visible and near-infrared reflectance data can also provide elemental information such as Al/Si for mature highland soils.

  6. 22 CFR 1104.17 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESOURCES § 1104.17 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the...

  7. Protein Information Resource Integrated Protein Informatics Resource for Genomic & Proteomic Research

    E-print Network

    Protein Information Resource Integrated Protein Informatics Resource for Genomic & Proteomic Research For four decades the Protein Information Resource (PIR) has provided databases and protein sequence analysis tools to the scientific community, including the Protein Sequence Database, which grew

  8. Review of Regional Load and Resource Information A Report to Resource Adequacy Steering Committee

    E-print Network

    Review of Regional Load and Resource Information A Report to Resource Adequacy Steering Committee that provides an opportunity to review basic load and resource data used in the annual Resource Adequacy the results of our review of the load and resource information embodied in the 2010 Resource Adequacy

  9. 43 CFR 7.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality of archaeological resource information... Uniform Regulations § 7.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the information. (b)...

  10. 32 CFR 229.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...UNIFORM REGULATIONS § 229.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the information. (b)...

  11. 32 CFR 229.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...UNIFORM REGULATIONS § 229.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the information. (b)...

  12. 36 CFR 296.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...UNIFORM REGULATIONS § 296.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the information. [49 FR...

  13. 36 CFR 296.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...UNIFORM REGULATIONS § 296.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the information. [49 FR...

  14. Protein Information Resource: A Community Resource for Expert Annotation of Protein Data

    E-print Network

    Protein Information Resource: A Community Resource for Expert Annotation of Protein Data Barker., Vinayaka, C.R., Yeh, Lai-Su L., Zhang, Jian, Wu, Cathy H Protein Information Resource, National Biomedical-2195 The Protein Information Resource (PIR) provides protein databases and analysis tools to support research

  15. Environmental Restoration Information Resource Management Program Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-09-01

    The Environmental Restoration Information Resources Management (ER IRM) Program Plan defines program requirements, organizational structures and responsibilities, and work breakdown structure and to establish an approved baseline against which overall progress of the program as well as the effectiveness of its management will be measured. This plan will guide ER IRM Program execution and define the program`s essential elements. This plan will be routinely updated to incorporate key decisions and programmatic changes and will serve as the project baseline document. Environmental Restoration Waste Management Program intersite procedures and work instructions will be developed to facilitate the implementation of this plan.

  16. Heliospotlight: An Information Resource for Heliophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, C.; Wawro, M.; Schenk, L. C.

    2013-12-01

    The NASA Goddard Heliophysics Science Division (HSD) EPO and mission websites are rich with content covering the broad subject of heliophysics. This includes detailed information for many age groups, a large range of descriptive imagery and dynamic video and interactive material. The weakness of all this content is that it is scattered over so many websites as opposed to being organized and focused in one user friendly location. The website heliospotlight.org is being developed to address all these concerns, leveraging the vast content already developed while using state-of-the-art web technologies. This will provide a rich user experience simultaneously tailoring to the needs of the broad audience of students, educators, scientists, journalists and the general public. The website will use well supported, open source technologies enabling future flexibility and expansion. HSD EPO will support the development of this information resource.

  17. Council on Library and Information Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Based in Washington, DC, the mission of the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) is "to expand access to information, however recorded and preserved, as a public good." Not surprisingly, they do an excellent job of fulfilling this mission, and persons interested in their work will appreciate learning about their website and its many offerings. The materials on their site are contained within four primary sections, including "Publications", "Activities", "Awards", and "News". The "Publications" area is a rich source of information for persons working in the fields of archive management, information science, and other related fields. Here visitors will find their annual reports, their in-house bimonthly newsletter, and full-length reports. Visitors can view a chronological list containing all of their reports, or they can look through thematic sections, such as "Managing Economic Challenges" and "Perspectives on the Evolving Library". Aspiring scholars will also want to look over their fellowships and awards, as there may be one that may be used to further their own scholarly work.

  18. 25 CFR 700.837 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidentiality of archaeological resource information... New Lands Grazing § 700.837 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the...

  19. Resource Warehouses: a Distributed Information Management Infrastructure Simon Khoury

    E-print Network

    Kropf, Peter

    Resource Warehouses: a Distributed Information Management Infrastructure Simon Khoury£ , Peter, Communication Protocol, Middle- ware, Resource Management, Web Operating System (WOS), Resource localization for emerging Internet applica- tions. We propose algorithms for searching and manag- ing distributed

  20. Information Resource Management Strategic Plan, FY 2007-2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Chief Information Officer (CIO) at the U.S. Department of Education (ED) has primary responsibility to ensure that Information Technology (IT) is acquired and information resources are managed in a manner consistent with statutory, regulatory, and Departmental requirements and priorities. This Department Information Resource Management (IRM)…

  1. Constructing a dental electronic information resource (DEIR).

    PubMed

    Lang, W P

    1994-04-01

    This paper discusses the construction of a dental electronic information resource (DEIR). Development is based on the Internet gopher client/server model. Information is organized in a series of hierarchical menus. A DEIR can be browsed by traversing the menu hierarchy or by performing keyword searches. Searches can result in a menu of found items from across the Internet. Initially, contents of the DEIR will be text files. Electronic copy will be given to an editorial board that will review submissions for conformity to publication standards. A current estimate for electronic storage costs of a DEIR is $1.25/Mb per year. There will be additional costs associated with any purchases of data (e.g. Current Contents), production of data (e.g. development time), and editorial and managerial activities. The DEIR will be accessible from any computer or terminal that can connect to the Internet. Primary user groups will be faculty, staff, and students of dental schools. However, access to the DEIR will be free, and an extensive user community will be encouraged, including practicing dentists, dental associations, public health agencies, and dental insurance companies. PMID:8005714

  2. Information Technology Policy: Responsible Use of Information Technology Resources Page 1 of 3

    E-print Network

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    Information Technology Policy: Responsible Use of Information Technology Resources Page 1 of 3 Effective: May 1, 2009 Information Technology Policy RESPONSIBLE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RESOURCES of information technology to the mission of a modern university. These electronic resources provide vital

  3. Department of Human Resources REQUEST FOR JOB EVALUATION RATING INFORMATION

    E-print Network

    Oyet, Alwell

    Department of Human Resources REQUEST FOR JOB EVALUATION RATING INFORMATION RATING 08/09 EMPLOYEE of Human Resources Arts and Administration Building, Room A4040 An employee requesting information completed for your current position, the Department of Human Resources will forward the Benchmark ratings

  4. UNMTemps Division of Human Resources UNMTemps Information for Prospective

    E-print Network

    New Mexico, University of

    UNMTemps Division of Human Resources UNMTemps Information for Prospective Temporary Employees· Checkthestatusofyourapplication· IMpoRtaNtWeBlINKS For more information about UNM: unm.edu HumanResources:hr.unm.edu To apply online: UNMJobs.unm.edu coNtact US UNMTemps UNMDivisionofHumanResources 1700LomasBoulevardNE,Suite1400

  5. Open Informational Ecosystems: The Missing Link for Sharing Educational Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerres, Michael; Heinen, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Open educational resources are not available "as such". Their provision relies on a technological infrastructure of related services that can be described as an informational ecosystem. A closed informational ecosystem keeps educational resources within its boundary. An open informational ecosystem relies on the concurrence of…

  6. Texas Natural Resources Information System. File Description Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Interagency Council on Natural Resources and the Environment, Austin, TX. Texas Natural Resources Information System.

    Descriptions are given for the 164 computerized files that comprise the Texas Natural Resources Information System (TNRIS). The system provides natural resources information to federal, state, regional, and local and private entities. File descriptions are organized under the following data and information content areas: (1) base data, (2)…

  7. Information Literacy: Search Strategies, Tools & Resources. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ercegovac, Zorana; Yamasaki, Erika

    Information literacy, or the ability to seek and effectively utilize information resources, has become a critical tool in the Information Age. Community colleges, as gateways to higher education, have an important role in equipping students with this ability to access and utilize information. The increasing importance of information skills has…

  8. Division of Human Resources FMLA Information for Employees

    E-print Network

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Division of Human Resources FMLA Information for Employees Human Resources / Attendance and Leave and Leave Coordinator, and Human Resources. Documentation and Use of Leave An employee requesting FMLA leave member and indicate the time associated with such care. Human Resources may contact the treating

  9. Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer Planning (OSIRIS-REx)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nakamura-Messenger, Keiko; Messenger, Scott; Keller, Lindsay; Righter, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Scientists at ARES are preparing to curate and analyze samples from the first U.S. mission to return samples from an asteroid. The Origins-Spectral Interpretation- Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer, or OSIRIS-REx, was selected by NASA as the third mission in its New Frontiers Program. The robotic spacecraft will launch in 2016 and rendezvous with the near-Earth asteroid Bennu, in 2020. A robotic arm will collect at least 60 grams of material from the surface of the asteroid to be returned to Earth in 2023 for worldwide distribution by the NASA Astromaterials Curation Facility at ARES.

  10. Colorado State University Extension Natural Resources Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site contains links to CSU Extension's Natural Resources Programs and to fact sheets pertaining to hot topics in natural resources. This page is also a gateway to CSU Extension's large collection of fact sheets. Natural resource fact sheets are divided into four topics: forestry, range, water and wildlife. Most of the factsheets are available in both HTML and PDF formats. The forestry sheets focus on wildfire prevention issues for homeowners and soil and vegetation recovery techniques.

  11. The effects of extending the spectral information acquired by a photon-counting detector for spectral CT.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Taly Gilat; Zimmerman, Kevin C; Sidky, Emil Y

    2015-02-21

    Photon-counting x-ray detectors with pulse-height analysis provide spectral information that may improve material decomposition and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in CT images. The number of energy measurements that can be acquired simultaneously on a detector pixel is equal to the number of comparator channels. Some spectral CT designs have a limited number of comparator channels, due to the complexity of readout electronics. The spectral information could be extended by changing the comparator threshold levels over time, sub pixels, or view angle. However, acquiring more energy measurements than comparator channels increases the noise and/or dose, due to differences in noise correlations across energy measurements and decreased dose utilisation. This study experimentally quantified the effects of acquiring more energy measurements than comparator channels using a bench-top spectral CT system. An analytical and simulation study modeling an ideal detector investigated whether there was a net benefit for material decomposition or optimal energy weighting when acquiring more energy measurements than comparator channels. Experimental results demonstrated that in a two-threshold acquisition, acquiring the high-energy measurement independently from the low-energy measurement increased noise standard deviation in material-decomposition basis images by factors of 1.5-1.7 due to changes in covariance between energy measurements. CNR in energy-weighted images decreased by factors of 0.92-0.71. Noise standard deviation increased by an additional factor of [Formula: see text] due to reduced dose utilisation. The results demonstrated no benefit for two-material decomposition noise or energy-weighted CNR when acquiring more energy measurements than comparator channels. Understanding the noise penalty of acquiring more energy measurements than comparator channels is important for designing spectral detectors and for designing experiments and interpreting data from prototype systems with a limited number of comparator channels. PMID:25615511

  12. Organizing phenological data resources to inform natural resource conservation

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rosemartin, Alyssa H.; Crimmins, Theresa M.; Enquist, Carolyn A.F.; Gerst, Katharine L.; Kellermann, Jherime L.; Posthumus, Erin E.; Denny, Ellen G.; Guertin, Patricia; Marsh, Lee; Weltzin, Jake F.

    2014-01-01

    Changes in the timing of plant and animal life cycle events, in response to climate change, are already happening across the globe. The impacts of these changes may affect biodiversity via disruption to mutualisms, trophic mismatches, invasions and population declines. To understand the nature, causes and consequences of changed, varied or static phenologies, new data resources and tools are being developed across the globe. The USA National Phenology Network is developing a long-term, multi-taxa phenological database, together with a customizable infrastructure, to support conservation and management needs. We present current and potential applications of the infrastructure, across scales and user groups. The approaches described here are congruent with recent trends towards multi-agency, large-scale research and action.

  13. AAMC Publications and Information Resources: AAMC Listservs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    The Association of American Medical Colleges Listservs is a new web page that consolidates information about AAMC's fifteen mailing lists. Topics include AAMC activities, faculty affairs, resident affairs and medical education software, among others. Each list contains a brief description, information on eligibility requirements to join the list, and subscription information.

  14. Mining Technical Resources for Business Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Ben Wagner; Michael R. Lavin

    2009-01-01

    Business librarians can benefit from a deeper understanding of science and engineering resources, especially when researching technological topics, products, or industries. The authors introduce a variety of technical publications and databases useful for business research. Categories of resources described include technical encyclopedias and handbooks, periodical indexes and full-text databases, patents, technical reports, product literature, preprint and open-access repositories, conference proceedings,

  15. Extraction of topographic and spectral albedo information from multispectral images.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Eliason, P.T.; Soderblom, L.A.; Chavez, P.A., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    A technique has been developed to separate and extract spectral-reflectivity variations and topographic informaiton from multispectral images. The process is a completely closed system employing only the image data and can be applied to any digital multispectral data set. -from Authors

  16. Spectral information analysis of image fusion data for remote sensing applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuhendra Yusuf; Josaphat Tetuko Sri Sumantyo; Hiroaki Kuze

    2012-01-01

    Fusion of images with different spatial resolutions has the capability of improving visualization and spatial resolution and enhancing structural\\/textural information of the involved images, while preserving the spectral information in multi-spectral (MS) images. In this paper, various fusion methods have been examined in the data fusion of GeoEye-1 and QuickBird imagery, followed by subsequent image control. The effectiveness of five

  17. Information and Referral Services: The Resource File; Working Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Rehabilitation Foundation, Minneapolis, Minn. Inst. for Interdisciplinary Studies.

    A good resource file will enable information and referral (I & R) center personnel to serve requests for information quickly and correctly. This is especially important for centers which are staffed by non-professionals, volunteers, and part-time people. The proper resource file has three important qualities: (1) it is complete (it includes…

  18. Contact Information: Human Resources Training & Development Department

    E-print Network

    Hall, Daniel

    Through US Perm Residency Intergenerational Diversity in the Workplace (New) Non-Discrimination Anti Schedule July --September Summer 2013 Human Resources Training & Development UGA procedures DIVERSITY CERTIFICATE CLASSES Engaging UGA's Diverse Students (New) Intergenerational Diversity (New) Beyond

  19. Library Information Resource Book For Staff.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potts, Ken; And Others

    This guide is the Northern Illinois University (NIU) Libraries' quick reference tool for providing information about its collections, facilities, and services. The articles are arranged in an alphabetic, dictionary format with numerous cross-references, and highlight information on the following: administrative offices; company annual reports;…

  20. Integration of VNIR and SWIR spectral reflectance for mapping mineral resources; A case study, north east of Hajjah, Yemen

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ali M. Qaid; H. T. Basavarajappa; S. Rajendran

    2009-01-01

    Laboratory reflectance spectra of 18 rock samples from the Precambrian basement of north east of Hajjah were measured and\\u000a analyzed using the instrument of FieldSpec3 with spectral range 0.250–2.500 µm. The aim of this study is to use the spectral\\u000a reflectance of rocks for mapping the mineral resources in the north east of Hajjah. The altered system in the study

  1. Information Resources for Social Services Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meagher, Christine Mauro

    The document describes 31 reference resources which provide citations to materials within social services and training areas in a variety of media. The directory has been compiled to assist staff development coordinators and other social services training personnel as they develop library and computer research skills. For each reference,…

  2. Information resource use and need in risk assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Turturro, A. [National Center for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, AR (United States)

    1990-12-31

    The manner in which the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) uses information resources comprises an interesting illustration of federal agency information use. A description of the context in which risk assessment occurs within the FDA is followed by a discussion of information access and use, as well as a practical example.

  3. Using wikis as an online health information resource.

    PubMed

    Younger, P

    Wikis can be a powerful online resource for the provision and sharing of information, with the proviso that information found on them should be independently verified. This article defines wikis and sets them in context with recent developments on the internet. The article discusses the use of Wikipedia and other wikis as potential sources of health information for nurses. PMID:20527486

  4. The telemedicine information exchange: an online resource.

    PubMed

    Brown, N A

    1998-09-01

    Telemedicine is the use of telecommunications to provide health care services at a distance. It has grown from mostly government-subsidized research initiatives into a fledgling industry. This growth was fueled by decreasing costs of telecommunications and information technologies and fanned by rising health care costs. The telemedicine information exchange (TIE) (http:(/)/tie.telemed.org), developed by the Telemedicine Research Center in Portland, OR, is both a product and a vehicle of this rapid growth. It facilitates collection of telemedicine information from many sources, providing an easy-to-use hypertext format. This article describes the TIE's development, advantages and disadvantages of a web-based online library, and it's codevelopment with a rapidly expanding industry. PMID:9861508

  5. Information processing of earth resources data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zobrist, A. L.; Bryant, N. A.

    1982-01-01

    Current trends in the use of remotely sensed data include integration of multiple data sources of various formats and use of complex models. These trends have placed a strain on information processing systems because an enormous number of capabilities are needed to perform a single application. A solution to this problem is to create a general set of capabilities which can perform a wide variety of applications. General capabilities for the Image-Based Information System (IBIS) are outlined in this report. They are then cross-referenced for a set of applications performed at JPL.

  6. APPLICATION OF SPATIAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TO PETROLEUM RESOURCE ASSESSMENT ANALYSIS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Miller, Betty M.; Domaratz, Michael A.

    1984-01-01

    Petroleum resource assessment procedures require the analysis of a large volume of spatial data. The US Geological Survey (USGS) has developed and applied spatial information handling procedures and digital cartographic techniques to a recent study involving the assessment of oil and gas resource potential for 74 million acres of designated and proposed wilderness lands in the western United States. The part of the study which dealt with the application of spatial information technology to petroleum resource assessment procedures is reviewed. A method was designed to expedite the gathering, integrating, managing, manipulating and plotting of spatial data from multiple data sources that are essential in modern resource assessment procedures.

  7. Equal Access Initiative HIV/AIDS Information Resources from NLM

    SciTech Connect

    Templin-Branner W. and N. Dancy

    2010-09-11

    The Equal Access Initiative: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the National Minority AIDS Council 2010 Equal Access Initiative (EAI) Computer Grants Program awardees to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based

  8. Legal Resources Information System for Information Agencies of Specialized Libraries

    E-print Network

    Nguyen, Phuc V

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, the rapid development of information technology and communication has a strong impact to industry information - the library. The mission of the industry when in fact the great social place to see the library as knowledge management. Vietnam is in the process of building the rule of law socialist orientation and improves the legal system. So in the current development process, the law library plays an important role in the retention, dissemination and provision of legal information service of legislative, executive and judiciary, particularly especially research, teaching and learning of law school. But the response of the legal information library information agencies remains limited compared to the increasing demand of users.

  9. Multi-Spectral Face Recognition -Fusion of Visual Imagery with Physiological Information

    E-print Network

    is one of the primary activities of the human visual system. Machine recognition of human faces, howeverMulti-Spectral Face Recognition - Fusion of Visual Imagery with Physiological Information Pradeep for face recognition using visual imagery as well as the physiological information extracted from thermal

  10. INFORMATION ABOUT NARCOTICS - RESOURCE MATERIAL FOR TEACHERS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ABRAMS, IRVING; HAWKINS, BARBARA A.

    A SHORT HISTORY OF NARCOTICS AND THEIR LEGAL CONTROL IN THE UNITED STATES IS PRESENTED WITH AN EXPLANATION OF ADDICTION AND METHODS OF ITS PREVENTION. TEACHERS ARE INFORMED OF WAYS IN WHICH TO IDENTIFY ADDICTED STUDENTS. FOR EXAMPLE, THEY MAY BE CLOSELY OBSERVED IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES, AND ABNORMALITIES INVESTIGATED BY A PHYSICIAN.…

  11. Fishing for Information: Finding Online Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zorfass, Judith M.; Minotti, Jennifer A.

    2006-01-01

    Public schools in the United States are facing a growing literacy crisis. Approximately a quarter of the population of 12th-grade students are still reading below basic levels, which means that they are barely able to comprehend at a literal level, make interpretations, identify relevant information, make simple inferences, and recognize and…

  12. Online Deafness and Deaf Culture Information Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, John Michael

    1999-01-01

    Describes the library collection at Gallaudet University and discusses deaf-related information available via the World Wide Web which is particularly suited as a communication medium for the deaf community. Discusses subject specific, special purpose, and comprehensive Web sites for deaf people, their families, and involved professionals, and…

  13. Natural Resources Conservation Service: Climate Information Retrieval

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This interactive map allows users to access climate information down to the county level for states or territories of the United States. The data includes wetlands, Temperature and Precipitation Summaries (TAPS), frost free days, and growing season. It is in table or text form, with metadata, and is downloadable.

  14. Retrieval of the atmospheric compounds using a spectral optical thickness information

    SciTech Connect

    Ioltukhovski, A.A. [Univ. Blaise, Pascal (France). Lab. de Meteorologie Physique] [Univ. Blaise, Pascal (France). Lab. de Meteorologie Physique

    1995-03-01

    A spectral inversion technique for retrieval of the atmospheric gases and aerosols contents is proposed. This technique based upon the preliminary measurement or retrieval of the spectral optical thickness. The existence of a priori information about the spectral cross sections for some of the atmospheric components allows to retrieve the relative contents of these components in the atmosphere. Method of smooth filtration makes possible to estimate contents of atmospheric aerosols with known cross sections and to filter out other aerosols; this is done independently from their relative contribution to the optical thickness.

  15. The use of online information resources by nurses*†

    PubMed Central

    Wozar, Jody A.; Worona, Paul C.

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: Based on the results of an informal needs assessment, the Usage of Online Information Resources by Nurses Project was designed to provide clinical nurses with accurate medical information at the point of care by introducing them to existing online library resources through instructional classes. Actual usage of the resources was then monitored for a set period of time. Methods: A two-hour hands-on class was developed for interested nurses. Participants were instructed in the content and use of several different online resources. A special Web page was designed for this project serving as an access point to the resources. Using a password system and WebTrends™ software, individual participant's usage of the resources was monitored for a thirty-day period following the class. At the end of the thirty days, usage results were tabulated, and participants were sent general evaluation forms. Results: Eight participants accessed the project page thirty-nine times in a thirty-day period. The most accessed resource was Primary Care Online (PCO), accessed thirty-three times. PCO was followed by MD Consult (17), Ovid (8), NLM resources (5), and electronic journals (1). The individual with the highest usage accessed the project page thirteen times. Conclusions: Practicing clinical nurses will use online medical information resources if they are first introduced to them and taught how to access and use them. Health sciences librarians can play an important role in providing instruction to this often overlooked population. PMID:12883576

  16. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  17. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  18. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  19. 48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

  20. An information theoretic derivation of spectral graph partitioning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Middendorf, Manuel; Ziv, Etay; Wiggins, Chris

    2005-03-01

    At the APS meeting in 2004, we introduced an information-theoretic algorithm called the ``network information bottleneck" (NIB) for clustering nodes of a network into modules (cf. arxiv.org/q-bio/0411033). Numerical experiments show that, although the modules are found by minimizing a free energy with no references to normalized edge-cuts or numbers of edges between modules, the resulting partitions are both information-modular and edge-modular (exhibiting low normalized edge-cuts). Moreover, the resulting partioning algorithm is competitive both in accuracy and efficiency with methods popular in the physics community. These numerical results along with asymptotic equivalence between the information-optimal and edge-optimal partitionings are presented.

  1. 41 CFR 105-53.143 - Information Resources Management Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01... Information Resources Management Service. 105-53.143 Section 105-53.143 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property...

  2. 22 CFR 1104.17 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Confidentiality...resource information. 1104.17 Section 1104.17 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO,...

  3. Platte River Basin Flow Information Web-based Resources

    E-print Network

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Platte River Basin Flow Information Web-based Resources Gary Stone, Extension Educator, University of water flowing in the North Platte River as it enters the state. - http://water.weather.gov/ahps2/index.php

  4. Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA): Learning Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) provides this page of learning resources useful for information technology courses. Most of these materials fall under the category of course outlines and syllabi. Topics include cyber ethics, forensic accounting, disaster recovery, security awareness, wireless security, VOIP security and other pertinent subjects to this field. Users are encouraged to visit the center's site and create a free login to view these and other learning resources.

  5. Resources for Workplace Diversity: An Annotated Practitioner Guide to Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tammy Bormann; Susan E Woods; Chari Fuerstenau; Deborah Joseph; Candace Brooks-Cooper; Catherine Ouellette; Jennie Farley

    2001-01-01

    [Excerpt] We are pleased to offer this updated edition of Resources for Workplace Diversity: An Annotated Practitioner Guide to Information, a unique offering of The Workplace Diversity Network. Our goal is to assemble a selected, annotated list of compelling and useful resources available to help diversity practitioners create organizations that are diverse and productive. As a working group, we agreed

  6. Information Resource Selection of Undergraduate Students in Academic Search Tasks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jee Yeon; Paik, Woojin; Joo, Soohyung

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: This study aims to investigate the selection of information sources and to identify factors associated with the resource selection of undergraduate students for academic search tasks. Also, user perceptions of some factors, such as credibility, usefulness, accessibility and familiarity, were examined to classify resources by their…

  7. Information and Communications Technologies Center: Gender Equality Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online resources related to gender equality in math, science and technology. The links include professional associations, private companies, institutes and publications. These resources would be useful for community and technical college recruitment as well as educators and counselors looking to encourage girls and women in technical fields.

  8. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David L. Wheeler; Colombe Chappey; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Gregory D. Schuler; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Barbara A. Rapp

    2000-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval and resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources

  9. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David L. Wheeler; Deanna M. Church; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Joan U. Pontius; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Barbara A. Rapp

    2001-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources include

  10. Spectral information from fourier analysis of digitized quartz grain profiles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John D. Boon; David A. Evans; Harold F. Hennigar

    1982-01-01

    Fourier analysis of closed curves defining two-dimensional images has emerged as a promising new tool for the quantification of projected shape in detrital quartz grains. The Fourier method has received added impetus with the introduction of microprocessor-controlled video imaging systems that permit automated acquisition and processing of digital information for hundreds of grains in a few hours. Although new methods

  11. Library and information resources and users of digital resources in the humanities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire Warwick; Melissa Terras; Isabel Galina; Paul Huntington; Nikoleta Pappa

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to discuss the results of the Log Analysis of Internet Resources in the Arts and Humanities (LAIRAH) study. It aims to concentrate upon the use and importance of information resources, physical research centres and digital finding aids in scholarly research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Results are presented of web server log analysis of portals

  12. Library and Information Resources and Users of Digital Resources in the Humanities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warwick, Claire; Terras, Melissa; Galina, Isabel; Huntington, Paul; Pappa, Nikoleta

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the results of the Log Analysis of Internet Resources in the Arts and Humanities (LAIRAH) study. It aims to concentrate upon the use and importance of information resources, physical research centres and digital finding aids in scholarly research. Design/methodology/approach: Results are presented…

  13. Building an Information Resource Center for Competitive Intelligence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, J. Sperling

    1992-01-01

    Outlines considerations in the design of a Competitive Intelligence Information Resource Center (CIIRC), which is needed by business organizations for effective strategic decision making. Discussed are user needs, user participation, information sources, technology and interface design, operational characteristics, and planning for implementation.…

  14. Management of Federal Information Resources. Circular No. A-130.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC.

    Directed to the heads of executive departments and establishments, this circular establishes policy for the management of federal information resources. Procedural and analytic guidelines for implemented aspects of these policies are included as appendices. The policies apply to the information activities of all agencies of the executive branch of…

  15. Fire Education Resources Information System: FERIS. A Descriptive Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rardin, Kevin

    A descriptive model of the Fire Education Resources Information System (FERIS) is examined in this document. Information regarding educational materials relating to fire prevention, protection, and suppression is discussed. A description of the model is presented in two sections. Section 1, Problem Definition, surveys the background and needs for…

  16. Information Resources Management in Heterogeneous, Distributed Environments: A Metadatabase Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheng Hsu; M'hamed Bouziane; Laurie Rattner; Lester Yee

    1991-01-01

    The core structure of a metadatabase system for information integration in heterogeneous and distributed environments, the global information resources dictionary (GIRD) model for unified metadata representation and management (both data and knowledge), is discussed. Overviews of metadatabase systems and the two-stage entity relationship (TSER) representation method are presented. To illustrate some major properties of the metadatabase model, and to show

  17. Natural Resource Information System. Volume I. Overall Description.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boeing Computer Services, Inc., Seattle, WA.

    Recognizing the need for the development of a computer based information system which would handle remote sensing as well as conventional mapping data, the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Bureau of Land Management contracted with Boeing Computer Services for the design and construction of a prototype Natural Resource Information System. The…

  18. On combining spectral and spatial information of hyperspectral image for camouflaged target detecting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hua, Wenshen; Liu, Xun; Yang, Jia

    2013-12-01

    Detecting enemy's targets and being undetectable play increasingly important roles in modern warfare. Hyperspectral images can provide large spectral range and high spectral resolution, which are invaluable in discriminating between camouflaged targets and backgrounds. As supervised classification requires prior knowledge which cannot be acquired easily, unsupervised classification usually is adopted to process hyperspectral images to detect camouflaged target. But one of its drawbacks—low detecting accuracy confines its application for camouflaged target detecting. Most research on the processing of hyperspectral image tends to focus exclusively on spectral domain and ignores spatial domain. However current hyperspectral image provides high spatial resolution which contains useful information for camouflaged target detecting. A new method combining spectral and spatial information is proposed to increase the detecting accuracy using unsupervised classification. The method has two steps. In the first step, a traditional unsupervised classifier (i.e. K-MEANS, ISODATA) is adopted to classify the hyperspectral image to acquire basic classifications or clusters. During the second step, a 3×3 model and spectral angle mapping are utilized to test the spatial character of the hyperspectral image. The spatial character is defined as spatial homogeneity and calculated by spectral angle mapping. Theory analysis and experiment shows the method is reasonable and efficient. Camouflaged targets are extracted from the background and different camouflaged targets are also recognized. And the proposed algorithm outperforms K-MEANS in terms of detecting accuracy, robustness and edge's distinction. This paper demonstrates the new method is meaningful to camouflaged targets detecting.

  19. Biomedical Applications of the Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS)

    SciTech Connect

    Gentry, S.M.; Levenson, R.

    1999-01-21

    The Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS) approach to spectral imaging seeks to bridge the gap between tuned multispectral and fixed hyperspectral imaging sensors. By allowing the definition of completely general spectral filter functions, truly optimal measurements can be made for a given task. These optimal measurements significantly improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and speed, minimize data volume and data rate, while preserving classification accuracy. The following paper investigates the application of the ISIS sensing approach in two sample biomedical applications: prostate and colon cancer screening. It is shown that in these applications, two to three optimal measurements are sufficient to capture the majority of classification information for critical sample constituents. In the prostate cancer example, the optimal measurements allow 8% relative improvement in classification accuracy of critical cell constituents over a red, green, blue (RGB) sensor. In the colon cancer example, use of optimal measurements boost the classification accuracy of critical cell constituents by 28% relative to the RGB sensor. In both cases, optimal measurements match the performance achieved by the entire hyperspectral data set. The paper concludes that an ISIS style spectral imager can acquire these optimal spectral images directly, allowing improved classification accuracy over an RGB sensor. Compared to a hyperspectral sensor, the ISIS approach can achieve similar classification accuracy using a significantly lower number of spectral samples, thus minimizing overall sample classification time and cost.

  20. Risk assessment activities at NIOSH: Information resources and needs

    SciTech Connect

    Stayner, L.T.; Meinhardt, T.; Hardin, B. [National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    1990-12-31

    Under the Occupational Safety and Health, and Mine Safety and Health Acts, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is charged with development of recommended occupational safety and health standards, and with conducting research to support the development of these standards. Thus, NIOSH has been actively involved in the analysis of risk associated with occupational exposures, and in the development of research information that is critical for the risk assessment process. NIOSH research programs and other information resources relevant to the risk assessment process are described in this paper. Future needs for information resources are also discussed.

  1. Information empowerment: predeparture resource training for students in global health.

    PubMed

    Rana, Gurpreet K

    2014-04-01

    The Taubman Health Sciences Library (THL) collaborates with health sciences schools to provide information skills instruction for students preparing for international experiences. THL enhances students' global health learning through predeparture instruction for students who are involved in global health research, clinical internships, and international collaborations. This includes teaching international literature searching skills, providing country-specific data sources, building awareness of relevant mobile resources, and encouraging investigation of international news. Information skills empower creation of stronger global partnerships. Use of information resources has enhanced international research and training experiences, built lifelong learning foundations, and contributed to the university's global engagement. THL continues to assess predeparture instruction. PMID:24860266

  2. Information Resources and Software for the Hospital Compounding Pharmacist.

    PubMed

    McElhiney, Linda F

    2007-01-01

    Within the last 20 years, information resources available to compounding pharmacists have grown from extremely limited to readily accessible for easy retrieval in a timely manner. To provide the best possible compounding service to the medical professionals and patients in their community, hospital compounding pharmacists should develop good drug information research skills, build and maintain a good reference library , and have access to reliable compounding resources and medical journals. Compounding information can be found in books; journals; online services such as literature search engines, technical support, and reference websites; medical libraries; and computer software; other sources include professional organizations and networking. Although it can be expensive to develop and maintain, an accurate and up-to date compounding information resource base is necessary to ensure the quality of hospital compounding services. PMID:23974482

  3. 78 FR 25267 - Request for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking Water Resources

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-30

    ...FRL-9807-7] Request for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking...research on the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources...research to examine the relationship between hydraulic fracturing and drinking water...

  4. 77 FR 67361 - Request for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking Water Resources

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ...FRL-9750-8] Request for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking...research on the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources...research to examine the relationship between hydraulic fracturing and drinking water...

  5. MODELLING INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF AEC PROFESSIONALS ON ONLINE TECHNICAL INFORMATION RESOURCES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sameh Shaaban; John McKechnie; Stephen Lockley

    SUMMARY: With the increasing popularity of architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) online information resources, studies have emphasized the need for domain specific systems that acknowledge both the user's information tasks and skills. This study concentrates on analysing the users' information behaviour when involved in an online information seeking session. This analysis aims to find out whether there are patterns of

  6. Information resources at the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed Central

    Woodsmall, R M; Benson, D A

    1993-01-01

    The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the National Library of Medicine, was established in 1988 to perform basic research in the field of computational molecular biology as well as build and distribute molecular biology databases. The basic research has led to new algorithms and analysis tools for interpreting genomic data and has been instrumental in the discovery of human disease genes for neurofibromatosis and Kallmann syndrome. The principal database responsibility is the National Institutes of Health (NIH) genetic sequence database, GenBank. NCBI, in collaboration with international partners, builds, distributes, and provides online and CD-ROM access to over 112,000 DNA sequences. Another major program is the integration of multiple sequences databases and related bibliographic information and the development of network-based retrieval systems for Internet access. PMID:8374583

  7. Mapping leaf area index using spatial, spectral, and temporal information from multiple sensors

    E-print Network

    Song, Conghe

    Mapping leaf area index using spatial, spectral, and temporal information from multiple sensors Josh Gray , Conghe Song Dept. of Geography, CB#3220, 205 Saunders Hall, University of North Carolina 26 January 2012 Keywords: Leaf area index Multi-sensor fusion Phenology Landsat MODIS Leaf area index

  8. Note on the interpretation of electroluminescence images using their spectral information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Kirchartz; Anke Helbig; Uwe Rau

    2008-01-01

    We show how to use the reciprocity between electroluminescence and solar cell quantum efficiency for the simulation and interpretation of electroluminescence images. The analysis of the spectral properties of the electroluminescence images obtained by using different short- and long-pass filters yields information about surface recombination velocity, bulk diffusion length and reflection of the back side in flat and textured solar

  9. Neuronal algorithms for full information spectral analysis. Vincent Vigneron1,2

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Neuronal algorithms for full information spectral analysis. Vincent Vigneron1,2 , Alexandre Fayolle-known and their honorability well established, sometimes with a name of a mathematician as a quality-label. Moreover, they save order to undertake experimental data, anyone has to consider 1. the equations first, 2. the exhaustive

  10. A method for fast selecting feature wavelengths from the spectral information of crop nitrogen

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Research on a method for fast selecting feature wavelengths from the nitrogen spectral information is necessary, which can determine the nitrogen content of crops. Based on the uniformity of uniform design, this paper proposed an improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) method. The method can ch...

  11. 48 CFR 1352.239-72 - Security requirements for information technology resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Security requirements for information technology resources. 1352.239-72 Section...Security requirements for information technology resources. As prescribed in 48 CFR...Security Requirements for Information Technology Resources (APR 2010) (a)...

  12. 48 CFR 1852.204-76 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...for unclassified information technology resources. 1852.204-76...for unclassified information technology resources. As prescribed...for Unclassified Information Technology Resources (MONTH YEAR...and to preserve evidence of computer crime. (e)...

  13. INFORM Lab: a testbed for high-level information fusion and resource management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Valin; Adel Guitouni; Eloi Bossé; Hans Wehn; Jens Happe

    2011-01-01

    DRDC Valcartier and MDA have created an advanced simulation testbed for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of Network Enabled Operations in a Coastal Wide Area Surveillance situation, with algorithms provided by several universities. This INFORM Lab testbed allows experimenting with high-level distributed information fusion, dynamic resource management and configuration management, given multiple constraints on the resources and their communications

  14. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David L. Wheeler; Tanya Barrett; Dennis A. Benson; Stephen H. Bryant; Kathi Canese; Deanna M. Church; Michael Dicuccio; Ron Edgar; Scott Federhen; Wolfgang Helmberg; David L. Kenton; Oleg Khovayko; David J. Lipman; Thomas L. Madden; Donna R. Maglott; James Ostell; Joan U. Pontius; Kim D. Pruitt; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Edwin Sequeira; Steven T. Sherry; Karl Sirotkin; Grigory Starchenko; Tugba O. Suzek; Roman L. Tatusov; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Eugene Yaschenko

    2005-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's website. NCBI resources include Entrez, PubMed, PubMed Central, LocusLink, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene,

  15. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David L. Wheeler; Tanya Barrett; Dennis A. Benson; Stephen H. Bryant; Kathi Canese; Vyacheslav Chetvernin; Deanna M. Church; Michael Dicuccio; Ron Edgar; Scott Federhen; Lewis Y. Geer; Yuri Kapustin; Oleg Khovayko; David Landsman; David J. Lipman; Thomas L. Madden; Donna R. Maglott; James Ostell; Vadim Miller; Kim D. Pruitt; Gregory D. Schuler; Edwin Sequeira; Steven T. Sherry; Karl Sirotkin; Alexandre Souvorov; Grigory Starchenko; Roman L. Tatusov; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Eugene Yaschenko

    2007-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBanknucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link(BLink), Electronic PCR,

  16. Resource Information Cache Update Control for Scalable Access Control Management Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kumiko Tadano; Masahiro Kawato; Fumio Machida; Yoshiharu Maeno

    2010-01-01

    In private clouds that host many enterprise applications, scalable security management has become an important issue. In our previous work, we had developed integrated access control manager that manages access permissions to a large number of various resources using resource information provided by a resource information service. To improve performance of the resource information service, we introduced a resource information

  17. ERISTAR: Earth Resources Information Storage, Transformation, Analysis, and Retrieval

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1972-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) have sponsored faculty fellowship programs in systems engineering design for the past several years. During the summer of 1972 four such programs were conducted by NASA, with Auburn University cooperating with Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The subject for the Auburn-MSFC design group was ERISTAR, an acronym for Earth Resources Information Storage, Transformation, Analysis and Retrieval, which represents an earth resources information management network of state information centers administered by the respective states and linked to federally administered regional centers and a national center. The considerations for serving the users and the considerations that must be given to processing data from a variety of sources are described. The combination of these elements into a national network is discussed and an implementation plan is proposed for a prototype state information center. The compatibility of the proposed plan with the Department of Interior plan, RALI, is indicated.

  18. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT FOR INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (IWRM)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Braune; H. Keuris; E. Trennery; M. Watson

    2004-01-01

    Already in 1988, management specialist, Peter Drucker, recognised that we are generally moving away from the traditional command-and-control organisation to the information-based organisation. With the advent of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in South Africa, introduced through the radical reforms of the National Water Act, 1998, we urgently need to ask what the information-based organisation for water management will look

  19. Keeping current: ten important information resources to help rehabilitation nurses.

    PubMed

    Modrcin-McCarthy, M A; McGuire, S L

    1997-01-01

    Rehabilitation nurses have a professional responsibility to provide the most current and informed client care possible. As a result, they must keep up with the emerging healthcare delivery system of the 21st century. This article describes how nurses can get access to and use 10 information resources--namely, journals, books, pamphlets, indexes and on-line databases, conferences, continuing education, professional organizations, standards of practice of interest to nurses in rehabilitation nursing, and networking. PMID:9110850

  20. HIV-AIDS Information Resources from the NLM - ACIO

    SciTech Connect

    Templin-Branner, W.

    2010-10-01

    As the treatment and management of HIV/AIDS continues to evolve with new scientific breakthroughs, treatment discoveries, and management challenges, it is difficult for people living with HIV/AIDS and those who care for them to keep up with the latest information on HIV/AIDS screening and testing, prevention, treatment, and research. The National Library of Medicine (NLM), of the National Institutes of Health, has a wealth of health information resources freely available on the Internet to address these needs.

  1. MCWAH POST-SHIFT FATIGUE RESOURCES Hospital resources and contact information for housestaff too fatigued to safely return home.

    E-print Network

    MCWAH POST-SHIFT FATIGUE RESOURCES Hospital resources and contact information for housestaff too Affiliated Hospital Hospital Resources 24/7 Contact Information Aurora Health Care Hospitals Aurora St. Luke fatigued to safely return home. Revised: January 1, 2014 Specific room information is available

  2. Non-destructive estimation of foliar chlorophyll and carotenoid contents: Focus on informative spectral bands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kira, Oz; Linker, Raphael; Gitelson, Anatoly

    2015-06-01

    Leaf pigment content provides valuable insight into the productivity, physiological and phenological status of vegetation. Measurement of spectral reflectance offers a fast, nondestructive method for pigment estimation. A number of methods were used previously for estimation of leaf pigment content, however, spectral bands employed varied widely among the models and data used. Our objective was to find informative spectral bands in three types of models, vegetation indices (VI), neural network (NN) and partial least squares (PLS) regression, for estimating leaf chlorophyll (Chl) and carotenoids (Car) contents of three unrelated tree species and to assess the accuracy of the models using a minimal number of bands. The bands selected by PLS, NN and VIs were in close agreement and did not depend on the data used. The results of the uninformative variable elimination PLS approach, where the reliability parameter was used as an indicator of the information contained in the spectral bands, confirmed the bands selected by the VIs, NN, and PLS models. All three types of models were able to accurately estimate Chl content with coefficient of variation below 12% for all three species with VI showing the best performance. NN and PLS using reflectance in four spectral bands were able to estimate accurately Car content with coefficient of variation below 14%. The quantitative framework presented here offers a new way of estimating foliar pigment content not requiring model re-parameterization for different species. The approach was tested using the spectral bands of the future Sentinel-2 satellite and the results of these simulations showed that accurate pigment estimation from satellite would be possible.

  3. Dissemination of Educational Information Through the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesley, Robert E.

    Intended to present information about the activities and use of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) system that are available through the ERIC clearinghouses, this report briefly describes the variety of activities, methods, and services that are employed in the dissemination of the system's educational information. After a short…

  4. On E-government information resource database product liability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wan Zhiqian; Meng Liu

    2011-01-01

    The designers, producers and disseminator of E- government information resource database should bear the liabil- ity to damages to the victims (users), if they provide the defective database and causes damage to others. Based on database user rights protection and promoting the development of science and culture, database product liability shall apply the principle of presumptive fault, the constituents of

  5. Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua.

    1992-01-01

    Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring global visualization'' onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

  6. Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, A.P.; Wang, Hua

    1992-09-01

    Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and systematic manner. In this paper, the emerging global energy and environmental issues are identified. Since satellite-based remote sensing systems are becoming increasingly available and produce massive data collections, the utilization of imaging processing techniques and their applications for regional and global resources management and environmental studies are described. Interoperability and interconnectivity among heterogeneous computer systems are major issues in designing a totally integrated, multimedia-based, information resources management system that operates in a networking environment. Discussions of the future technology trends are focused on a number of emerging information management technologies and communications standards which will aid in achieving seamless system integration and offer user-friendly operations. It can be foreseen that advances in computer and communications technologies, increasingly sophisticated image processing techniques and Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and the development of globally comprehensive data bases will bring ``global visualization`` onto multimedia desktop computers before the end of this decade.

  7. Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Sustainable Agriculture Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site contains the following categories of information related to sustainable agriculture: Bibliographies of articles and research publications, searchable sites and databases, educational resources for elementary, high school, and college instructors, and lists of people and institutions that are involved in researching or promoting sustainable agriculture.

  8. The Body: An AIDS and HIV Information Resource

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    Body Health Resources Corporation (BHRC) is responsible for this site, a wide-ranging collection of resources related to AIDS and HIV. The Body acts as a clearinghouse for experts and organizations to exchange information with each other and make it available to the public. The sources of information are varied, from the Center for Disease Control to POZ magazine to individual people with AIDS, and the site is consequently comprehensive, even contradictory at times. Articles on treatment, quality of life, and governmental issues are complemented by action alerts, conference announcements, and electronic forums, to name just some of the resources available here. In short, The Body has something to offer anyone interested in or living with AIDS or HIV.

  9. Information resources for US Department of Energy pollution prevention programs

    SciTech Connect

    Peterson, K.L.; Snowden-Swan, L.J.; Butner, R.S.

    1994-01-01

    In support of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) pollution prevention efforts being conducted under the aegis of DOE`s Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory was tasked with evaluating pollution prevention information resources. The goal of this activity was to improve the effectiveness of DOE`s pollution prevention activities through improved information flow, both within the complex, and more specifically, between DOE and other organizations that share similar pollution prevention challenges. This report presents our findings with respect to the role of information collection and dissemination within the complex, opportunities for teaming from successes of the private sector, and specific information needs of the DOE pollution prevention community. These findings were derived from a series of interviews with pollution prevention coordinators from across the DOE complex, review of DOE site and facility pollution prevention plans, and workshops with DOE information users as well as an information resources workshop that brought together information specialists from private industry, non-profit organizations, as well as state and regional pollution prevention assistance programs.

  10. The International Cancer Information Service: a worldwide resource.

    PubMed

    Morra, Marion E; Thomsen, Chris; Vezina, Anne; Akkerman, Doreen; Bright, Mary Anne; Dickens, Catherine; Hill, David J; Jefford, Michael

    2007-01-01

    The need for accurate and relevant cancer information continues to grow worldwide. While healthcare professionals are the preferred source of cancer information, their time is limited, and patients are often not sure what to ask and their questions do not always come to mind in the physician's office. In its 30-year history, the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service (CIS) has shown that it can increase users' confidence in their ability to seek more information, understand the causes and risk factors for cancer, and participate in decisions about their treatment. In 1996 the International Cancer Information Service Group (ICISG) was formed to facilitate the development of CIS programs throughout the world. A network of nearly 50 cancer organizations from 30 countries, the ICISG strives to provide its member organizations with standards and resources to ensure that the cancer information is of high quality, credible, and up-to-date and that it is delivered in a personal manner that complements and supports the patient/physician relationship. The ICISG offers worldwide resources that can augment the healthcare professionals' offering of information and support to cancer patients and their families. PMID:17572003

  11. Information Retrieval from SAGE II and MFRSR Multi-Spectral Extinction Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lacis, Andrew A.; Hansen, James E. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Direct beam spectral extinction measurements of solar radiation contain important information on atmospheric composition in a form that is essentially free from multiple scattering contributions that otherwise tend to complicate the data analysis and information retrieval. Such direct beam extinction measurements are available from the solar occultation satellite-based measurements made by the Stratospheric and Aerosol Gas Experiment (SAGE II) instrument and by ground-based Multi-Filter Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSRs). The SAGE II data provide cross-sectional slices of the atmosphere twice per orbit at seven wavelengths between 385 and 1020 nm with approximately 1 km vertical resolution, while the MFRSR data provide atmospheric column measurements at six wavelengths between 415 and 940 nm but at one minute time intervals. We apply the same retrieval technique of simultaneous least-squares fit to the observed spectral extinctions to retrieve aerosol optical depth, effective radius and variance, and ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and water vapor amounts from the SAGE II and MFRSR measurements. The retrieval technique utilizes a physical model approach based on laboratory measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide extinction, line-by-line and numerical k-distribution calculations for water vapor absorption, and Mie scattering constraints on aerosol spectral extinction properties. The SAGE II measurements have the advantage of being self-calibrating in that deep space provides an effective zero point for the relative spectral extinctions. The MFRSR measurements require periodic clear-day Langley regression calibration events to maintain accurate knowledge of instrument calibration.

  12. Continuous real-time water information: an important Kansas resource

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Loving, Brian L.; Putnam, James E.; Turk, Donita M.

    2014-01-01

    Continuous real-time information on streams, lakes, and groundwater is an important Kansas resource that can safeguard lives and property, and ensure adequate water resources for a healthy State economy. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) operates approximately 230 water-monitoring stations at Kansas streams, lakes, and groundwater sites. Most of these stations are funded cooperatively in partnerships with local, tribal, State, or other Federal agencies. The USGS real-time water-monitoring network provides long-term, accurate, and objective information that meets the needs of many customers. Whether the customer is a water-management or water-quality agency, an emergency planner, a power or navigational official, a farmer, a canoeist, or a fisherman, all can benefit from the continuous real-time water information gathered by the USGS.

  13. Functional Requirements for Information Resource Provenance on the Web

    SciTech Connect

    McCusker, James P.; Lebo, Timothy; Graves, Alvaro; Difranzo, Dominic; Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo; McGuinness, Deborah L.

    2012-06-19

    We provide a means to formally explain the relationship between HTTP URLs and the representations returned when they are requested. According to existing World Wide Web architecture, the URL serves as an identier for a semiotic referent while the document returned via HTTP serves as a representation of the same referent. This begins with two sides of a semiotic triangle; the third side is the relationship between the URL and the representation received. We complete this description by extending the library science resource model Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Resources (FRBR) with cryptographic message and content digests to create a Functional Requirements for Information Resources (FRIR). We show how applying the FRIR model to HTTP GET and POST transactions disambiguates the many relationships between a given URL and all representations received from its request, provides fine-grained explanations that are complementary to existing explanations of web resources, and integrates easily into the emerging W3C provenance standard.

  14. EETAP Resource Library Information Sheets for Environmental Education Resources, Numbers 1-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heimlich, Joe E.; Daudi, Sabiha S.; Cummins, Hapi

    This series of nine information sheets was published by the Environmental Education and Training Partnership. The first six sheets describe the title topic, then provide a list of print resources indexed in ERIC and the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse for Mathematics and Science Education (ENC). Titles include: (1) "Environmental Education and…

  15. Advances in website information resources to aid in clinical practice.

    PubMed

    Rioth, Matthew J; Osterman, Travis J; Warner, Jeremy L

    2015-01-01

    The World Wide Web, which has been widely implemented for roughly two decades, is humankind's most impressive effort to aggregate and organize knowledge to date. The medical community was slower to embrace the Internet than others, but the majority of clinicians now use it as part of their everyday practice. For the practicing oncologist, there is a daunting quantity of information to master. For example, a new article relating to cancer is added to the MEDLINE database approximately every 3 minutes. Fortunately, Internet resources can help organize the deluge of information into useful knowledge. This manuscript provides an overview of resources related to general medicine, oncology, and social media that will be of practical use to the practicing oncologist. It is clear from the vast size of the Internet that we are all life-long learners, and the challenge is to acquire "just-in-time" information so that we can provide the best possible care to our patients. The resources that we have presented in this article should help the practicing oncologist continue along the path of transforming information to knowledge to wisdom. PMID:25993230

  16. Optimisation of chromatographic resolution using objective functions including both time and spectral information.

    PubMed

    Torres-Lapasió, J R; Pous-Torres, S; Ortiz-Bolsico, C; García-Alvarez-Coque, M C

    2015-01-16

    The optimisation of the resolution in high-performance liquid chromatography is traditionally performed attending only to the time information. However, even in the optimal conditions, some peak pairs may remain unresolved. Such incomplete resolution can be still accomplished by deconvolution, which can be carried out with more guarantees of success by including spectral information. In this work, two-way chromatographic objective functions (COFs) that incorporate both time and spectral information were tested, based on the peak purity (analyte peak fraction free of overlapping) and the multivariate selectivity (figure of merit derived from the net analyte signal) concepts. These COFs are sensitive to situations where the components that coelute in a mixture show some spectral differences. Therefore, they are useful to find out experimental conditions where the spectrochromatograms can be recovered by deconvolution. Two-way multivariate selectivity yielded the best performance and was applied to the separation using diode-array detection of a mixture of 25 phenolic compounds, which remained unresolved in the chromatographic order using linear and multi-linear gradients of acetonitrile-water. Peak deconvolution was carried out using the combination of orthogonal projection approach and alternating least squares. PMID:25543302

  17. Information systems on human resources for health: a global review

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Although attainment of the health-related Millennium Development Goals relies on countries having adequate numbers of human resources for health (HRH) and their appropriate distribution, global understanding of the systems used to generate information for monitoring HRH stock and flows, known as human resources information systems (HRIS), is minimal. While HRIS are increasingly recognized as integral to health system performance assessment, baseline information regarding their scope and capability around the world has been limited. We conducted a review of the available literature on HRIS implementation processes in order to draw this baseline. Methods Our systematic search initially retrieved 11 923 articles in four languages published in peer-reviewed and grey literature. Following the selection of those articles which detailed HRIS implementation processes, reviews of their contents were conducted using two-person teams, each assigned to a national system. A data abstraction tool was developed and used to facilitate objective assessment. Results Ninety-five articles with relevant HRIS information were reviewed, mostly from the grey literature, which comprised 84?% of all documents. The articles represented 63 national HRIS and two regionally integrated systems. Whereas a high percentage of countries reported the capability to generate workforce supply and deployment data, few systems were documented as being used for HRH planning and decision-making. Of the systems examined, only 23?% explicitly stated they collect data on workforce attrition. The majority of countries experiencing crisis levels of HRH shortages (56?%) did not report data on health worker qualifications or professional credentialing as part of their HRIS. Conclusion Although HRIS are critical for evidence-based human resource policy and practice, there is a dearth of information about these systems, including their current capabilities. The absence of standardized HRIS profiles (including documented processes for data collection, management, and use) limits understanding of the availability and quality of information that can be used to support effective and efficient HRH strategies and investments at the national, regional, and global levels. PMID:22546089

  18. Resources

    Cancer.gov

    Helpful Tools  Find information on international grants, global resources, and ongoing activities with DCCPS Tobacco Control Research Branch International and Global Health Activities. Tobacco Control Research Branch - International and Global Health

  19. DIORAMA: dynamic information collection and resource tracking architecture.

    PubMed

    Ganz, Aura; Yu, Xunyi; Schafer, James; D'Hauwe, Sophie; Nathanson, Larry A; Burstein, Jonathan; Ciottone, Gregory R; Lord, Graydon

    2010-01-01

    DIORAMA is a real-time scalable decision support framework built on rapid information collection and accurate resource tracking functionalities. Using RFID technology the proposed system tracks emergency responders and victims at the disaster scene. DIORAMA improves the accuracy and decreases the time it takes rescuers to triage, treat and evacuate victims from a disaster scene, as compared to the traditional methods and process that involves using paper triage tags. The information can then be viewed from a website that shows a satellite image of the disaster area with icons representing the paramedics and victims. PMID:21097191

  20. CH2M Hill Hanford Group Inc (CHG) Information Resource Management (IRM) Strategic Plan

    SciTech Connect

    NELSON, R.L.

    2000-05-08

    The CH2M Hill Hanford Group, Inc., Information Resource Management Strategic Plan is the top-level planning document for applying information and information resource management to achieve the CHG mission for the management of the River Protection Project

  1. Fast wavelet based feature extraction of spatial and spectral information from hyperspectral datacubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scholl, James F.; Dereniak, Eustace L.

    2004-10-01

    An ongoing problem for feature extraction in hyperspectral imagery is that such data consumes large amounts of memory and transmittance bandwidth. In many applications, especially on space based platforms, fast, low power feature extraction algorithms are necessary, but not feasible. To overcome many of the problems due to the large volume of hyperspectral data we have developed a fast, low complexity feature extraction algorithm that is a combination of a fast integer-valued hyperspectral discrete wavelet transform (HSDWT) using a specialized implementation of the Haar basis and an improved implementation of linear spectral unmixing. The Haar wavelet transform implementation involves a simple weighted sum and a weighted difference between pairs of numbers. Features are found by using a small subset of the transform coefficients. More refined spatial and/or spectral identifications can then be made by localized fast inverse Haar transforms using very small numbers of additional coefficients in the spatial or spectral directions. The computational overhead is reduced further since much of the information used for linear spectral unmixing is precomputed and can be stored using a very small amount of additional memory.

  2. 1993 Fiscal Year Water Resources Division Information Guide

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1992-01-01

    This Guide briefly describes the Water Resources Division's mission, program, and organizational structure, and where and how to obtain specific types of hydrologic information. The Guide also contains a listing of addresses, telephone numbers, and office hours for Headquarters, Regional, District, and State offices. For some offices, two addresses are given: the mailing address of the office to which correspondence should be sent and the street address of the office. The map shows the location of the offices.

  3. Osh.Net: Gateway for Safety & Health Information Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created and maintained on a for-profit basis by WorkCare, this metasite offers over 1,300 links to occupational safety and health information and resources. The heart of the site is the Health & Safety Index, which lists sites by topic in fourteen categories. Some, but not all, of these links are briefly annotated, and banner ads are interspersed. Other content includes feature articles, a FAQ, an internal search engine, a bulletin board, employment postings, and a free newsletter.

  4. Education resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    Cooper, Peter S; Lipshultz, Dawn; Matten, Wayne T; McGinnis, Scott D; Pechous, Steven; Romiti, Monica L; Tao, Tao; Valjavec-Gratian, Majda; Sayers, Eric W

    2010-11-01

    The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) hosts 39 literature and molecular biology databases containing almost half a billion records. As the complexity of these data and associated resources and tools continues to expand, so does the need for educational resources to help investigators, clinicians, information specialists and the general public make use of the wealth of public data available at the NCBI. This review describes the educational resources available at NCBI via the NCBI Education page (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Education/). These resources include materials designed for new users, such as About NCBI and the NCBI Guide, as well as documentation, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) and writings on the NCBI Bookshelf such as the NCBI Help Manual and the NCBI Handbook. NCBI also provides teaching materials such as tutorials, problem sets and educational tools such as the Amino Acid Explorer, PSSM Viewer and Ebot. NCBI also offers training programs including the Discovery Workshops, webinars and tutorials at conferences. To help users keep up-to-date, NCBI produces the online NCBI News and offers RSS feeds and mailing lists, along with a presence on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. PMID:20570844

  5. [Wavebands selection for rice information extraction based on spectral bands inter-correlation].

    PubMed

    Wang, Fu-Min; Huang, Jing-Feng; Xu, Jun-Feng; Wang, Xiu-Zhen

    2008-05-01

    The hyperspectral remote sensing data usually involve hundreds or even thousands of narrow bands, which may be crucial for providing additional information with significant improvements over broad bands in quantifying biophysical and biochemical variables of agricultural crop. However, the huge data generated by hyperspectral systems, and the problems this presents for storage and analysis, have far prevented the routine use of such data. The objective of the present research was to identify the spectral bands in the visible and near-infrared range that were suitable for the study of rice. The hyperspectral reflectance of canopy in different development stages was measured in experimental field using a 1 nm-wide spectroradiometer but was aggregated to 10 nm-wide bandwidths to match the first spaceborne hyperspectral sensor, Hyperion. The correlation coefficients(r) between all the combinations of spectral bands were computed, and then they were converted to R2 , which constituted R2 matrices. The matrices were plotted against wavebands. The criterion of band selection is that the lower the R2 value, the less the redundancy between two wavebands while the higher R2 indicates that there is redundant information between two wavebands. According to the criterion, the wavebands corresponding to the first 100 minimum R2 values were selected from all canopy spectra collected on different dates. And then these bands were analyzed. The results indicate that the visible and infrared (NIR and SWIR) themselves contain redundant information. The wavebands containing abundant information of rice are located in specific bands in the longer wavelength portion of the visible region, with secondary clusters in red edge region, in strongly reflective near-infrared region with relatively higher reflectance, in one particular section of short wave near-infrared (SWIR) (1 530 nm) and in the second maximum reflectance region of SWIR (2 215 nm). Compared with the selected bands with other vegetation, rice seems to have three spectral regions of 400-410 nm, 630-650 nm and 1 520-1 540 nm, which exclusively depict the characteristics of rice. Moreover, this research identified 17 spectral bands in the visible and near-infrared region, which were 405, 565, 585, 605, 620, 640, 660, 680, 695, 705, 720, 740, 865, 910, 1 085, 1 530 and 2 215 nm. These bands contain the majority of the rice information content. A reduction in band number without significant information loss is important because it makes it possible to achieve fine spatial resolution without sacrificing the ability to characterize rice status. PMID:18720809

  6. Remote information resources as an important component of information support of fundamental science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. I. Kozlova; L. F. Vishnyakova; T. A. Krylova; O. M. Stepanets; V. A. Markusova

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the main fields of scientific-information services of the country’s leading scientists that are performed\\u000a by the VINITI RAS. The list of bibliographic and full-text DBs that are available in the iterative mode is given. The difficulties\\u000a arising when articles are loaded from remote information resources through the Internet are pointed out, and the information\\u000a is given about

  7. Double-looped Mach-Zehnder interferometry for achieving simultaneous spectral ring-down information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jin Hwan; Lee, Hyub; Kwon, Won Sik; Oh, Seung Ryeol; Choi, Jindoo; Kim, Kyung-Soo; Kim, Soohyun

    2015-03-01

    This paper presents a method to obtain spectral ring-down information simultaneously via double-looped Mach-Zehnder interferometry. The symmetric split-step Fourier method was used to simulate the pulse propagation through the fiber loop to check fiber-induced effects on the pulse. The loop was built with a segment of fiber, output coupler, and fiber Bragg grating. The fiber Bragg grating was used as an artificial sample. We found that the pulse spectrum is not distorted as the pulse propagates the fiber loop. We have also demonstrated the possibility to extract the ring-down signals from spectrum variation via simulation. This approach can be applied to sample detection which requires high sensitivity and high spectral resolution.

  8. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    2015-01-01

    The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides a large suite of online resources for biological information and data, including the GenBank(®) nucleic acid sequence database and the PubMed database of citations and abstracts for published life science journals. Additional NCBI resources focus on literature (Bookshelf, PubMed Central (PMC) and PubReader); medical genetics (ClinVar, dbMHC, the Genetic Testing Registry, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database and MedGen); genes and genomics (BioProject, BioSample, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Gene, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Genome, HomoloGene, the Map Viewer, Nucleotide, PopSet, Probe, RefSeq, Sequence Read Archive, the Taxonomy Browser, Trace Archive and UniGene); and proteins and chemicals (Biosystems, COBALT, the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), Protein Clusters, Protein and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases). The Entrez system provides search and retrieval operations for many of these databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:25398906

  9. Construction of filter vectors for the information-efficient spectral imaging sensor

    SciTech Connect

    Stallard, B.R.; Gentry, S.M.

    1998-12-01

    The information-efficient spectral imaging sensor (ISIS) seeks to improve system performance by processing hyperspectral information in the optical hardware. Its output may be a gray scale image in which one attempts to maximize the contrast between a given target and the background. Alternatively, its output may be a small number of images, rather than a full data cube, that retain the essential information required in the application. The principal advantage of ISIS is that it offers the discrimination of hyperspectral imaging while achieving the signal-to-noise ratio of multispectral imaging. The paper focuses on construction of the filter vectors that are needed to program ISIS. The instrument produces an image which is essentially a dot product of the scene and the filter vector. Both single vector and multiple vector approaches are considered. Also, they discuss some subtle points related to optimizing the filter vectors.

  10. Multi-level information encoding through spectral switches and multiple FSO link formation in the phase singularity domain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yadav, Bharat K.; Kandpal, H. C.

    2011-07-01

    Spectral switching is now a well-known phenomenon. Recently, its potential applications have been explored for information encoding and transmission in free space. In this paper, we demonstrate a novel type of scheme to encode and process information at multiple levels through spectral switching. A new technique is also proposed to establish multiple parallel free-space optical (FSO) links using a single critical direction in the phase singularity domain of diffracted polychromatic light. These are contrived ideas on the basis of theoretical and experimental studies carried out so far on spectral switching. The study might find potential application in the fields of FSO interconnects and FSO communication.

  11. European Networked Information Resources for Space and Earth Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ansari, S. G.; Albrecht, R.; Triebnig, G.

    Impressive developments can be observed of the so-called Networked Information Resource Discovery and Retrieval systems like Archie, Veronica, Gopher, World Wide Web, WAIS, Hyper-G etc. These systems have in common the utilization of the Internet and its client-server architectures. Most of the software of these systems has been put into the public domain and there is a permanent improvement of server technology, graphical clients and gateways to interconnect the systems. Standardization of client server protocols and of exchange data formats is evolving. This paper addresses the emerging Internet information service technologies by asking how they can be of use to the space and earth science communities. A number of European services - all still in demonstration status - are described. The paper considers both the information provider's and the user's point of view. We summarize the available and planned services, their inter-connectivity and the network protocols they use, giving examples in Astronomy, Earth Observation and Space Sciences. In particular, we try to extrapolate into the future on possibilities of providing comprehensive services using common network resources.

  12. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    Wheeler, David L; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Miller, Vadim; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Shumway, Martin; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

    2008-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data available through NCBI's web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace, Assembly, and Short Read Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Database of Genotype and Phenotype, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:18045790

  13. Spectral mixture modelling and spectral stratigraphy in carbonate lithofacies mapping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Freek van der Meer

    1996-01-01

    Carbonate areas have been studied extensively since carbonate depositional environments have high economic potential and are likely to contain petroleum resources. Systematic mapping of carbonate lithofacies from remote sensing data can be done using the traditional practice of photogeologic interpretation. Additionally, spectral characterization yields compositional information complementary to the structural information that the photogeologic map provides. The Montalbán area in

  14. Appendix III to OMB Circular No. A-130 -Security of Federal Automated Information Resources

    E-print Network

    Appendix III to OMB Circular No. A-130 - Security of Federal Automated Information Resources A automated information security programs; assigns Federal agency responsibilities for the security of automated information; and links agency automated information security programs and agency management

  15. Implicit and explicit prior information in near-infrared spectral imaging: accuracy, quantification and diagnostic value

    PubMed Central

    Pogue, Brian W.; Davis, Scott C.; Leblond, Frederic; Mastanduno, Michael A.; Dehghani, Hamid; Paulsen, Keith D.

    2011-01-01

    Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) of tissue provides quantification of absorbers, scattering and luminescent agents in bulk tissue through the use of measurement data and assumptions. Prior knowledge can be critical about things such as (i) the tissue shape and/or structure, (ii) spectral constituents, (iii) limits on parameters, (iv) demographic or biomarker data, and (v) biophysical models of the temporal signal shapes. A general framework of NIRS imaging with prior information is presented, showing that prior information datasets could be incorporated at any step in the NIRS process, with the general workflow being: (i) data acquisition, (ii) pre-processing, (iii) forward model, (iv) inversion/reconstruction, (v) post-processing, and (vi) interpretation/diagnosis. Most of the development in NIRS has used ad hoc or empirical implementations of prior information such as pre-measured absorber or fluorophore spectra, or tissue shapes as estimated by additional imaging tools. A comprehensive analysis would examine what prior information maximizes the accuracy in recovery and value for medical diagnosis, when implemented at separate stages of the NIRS sequence. Individual applications of prior information can show increases in accuracy or improved ability to estimate biochemical features of tissue, while other approaches may not. Most beneficial inclusion of prior information has been in the inversion/reconstruction process, because it solves the mathematical intractability. However, it is not clear that this is always the most beneficial stage. PMID:22006905

  16. National aerial photography program as a geographic information system resource

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Light, Donald L.

    1991-01-01

    The National Aerial Photography Program (NAPP) is jointly funded by Federal agencies and States that choose to participate in a 50-50 cost sharing cooperative arrangement. The NAPP is designed to acquire black-and-white (B&W) or color infrared (CIR) photography at a scale of 1:40,000. The status of NAPP flying, now going into the first year of its second 5-year cycle, is reviewed to inform the user community of NAPP's coverage. The resolution, geometric quality and flight parameters are used to estimate the system's cartographic potential to produce orthophotoquads, digital elevation models, topographic maps and digital information to meet national map accuracy standards at 1:12,000 and 1:24,000-scale and serve as a geographic information system resource. Also, a technique is presented to compute the optimum scanning spot size (15 ??m) and storage required for converting the B&W or CIR photography to digital, machine-readable pixel form. The resulting digital NAPP data are suitable for a wide variety of new applications, including use in geographic information systems.

  17. Spectral Doppler estimation utilizing 2-D spatial information and adaptive signal processing.

    PubMed

    Ekroll, Ingvild K; Torp, Hans; Løvstakken, Lasse

    2012-06-01

    The trade-off between temporal and spectral resolution in conventional pulsed wave (PW) Doppler may limit duplex/triplex quality and the depiction of rapid flow events. It is therefore desirable to reduce the required observation window (OW) of the Doppler signal while preserving the frequency resolution. This work investigates how the required observation time can be reduced by adaptive spectral estimation utilizing 2-D spatial information obtained by parallel receive beamforming. Four adaptive estimation techniques were investigated, the power spectral Capon (PSC) method, the amplitude and phase estimation (APES) technique, multiple signal classification (MUSIC), and a projection-based version of the Capon technique. By averaging radially and laterally, the required covariance matrix could successfully be estimated without temporal averaging. Useful PW spectra of high resolution and contrast could be generated from ensembles corresponding to those used in color flow imaging (CFI; OW = 10). For a given OW, the frequency resolution could be increased compared with the Welch approach, in cases in which the transit time was higher or comparable to the observation time. In such cases, using short or long pulses with unfocused or focused transmit, an increase in temporal resolution of up to 4 to 6 times could be obtained in in vivo examples. It was further shown that by using adaptive signal processing, velocity spectra may be generated without high-pass filtering the Doppler signal. With the proposed approach, spectra retrospectively calculated from CFI may become useful for unfocused as well as focused imaging. This application may provide new clinical information by inspection of velocity spectra simultaneously from several spatial locations. PMID:22711413

  18. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information

    PubMed Central

    Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

    2012-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:22140104

  19. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information

    PubMed Central

    Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

    2011-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:21097890

  20. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

    2012-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:22140104

  1. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

    2011-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:21097890

  2. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    2014-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, PubReader, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Primer-BLAST, COBALT, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, ClinVar, MedGen, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:24259429

  3. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    2013-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:23193264

  4. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; John Wilbur, W; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

    2010-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, Reference Sequence, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Peptidome, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:19910364

  5. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

    PubMed

    Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

    2009-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications is custom implementation of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:18940862

  6. Supplementary Information Potential for Electricity Generation from Renewable Resources and Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE)

    E-print Network

    Suo, Zhigang

    Supplementary Information Potential for Electricity Generation from Renewable Resources and Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE) Electrical energy can be generated from renewable resources such as solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal, tidal and wave energy. Currently, most of these resources have

  7. UTS165 Information Resources Use and Security Policy UT System Administration Policy Library --Policy UTS165

    E-print Network

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    that Information Resources residing in the various institutions of higher education of state government and state and federal laws regarding the management and security of Information Resources; and, educateUTS165 Information Resources Use and Security Policy 1 UT System Administration Policy Library

  8. The run & administration of the astronomical literature & information resources network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yanping

    1999-06-01

    The astronomical literature & information resources network fills in the gap in the astronomical database and resource sharing in Chinese astronomical circle. It is very important to excahnge astronomical information between China and other countries.. The designing idea, the secure administration, the resource constructing and access, the information exchange methods, etc. are described.

  9. The Eighth Stage of Information Management: Information Resources Management (IRM) vs. Knowledge Management (KM), and the Chief Information Officer (CIO) vs. the Chief Knowledge Officer (CKO).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Rui

    1998-01-01

    Describes the characteristics of the transfer point of information management to knowledge management (KM), what information resources management (IRM) does, and compares information and knowledge management and the roles of chief information officer (CIO) and chief knowledge officer (CKO). (PEN)

  10. INFORM Lab: a testbed for high-level information fusion and resource management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valin, Pierre; Guitouni, Adel; Bossé, Eloi; Wehn, Hans; Happe, Jens

    2011-05-01

    DRDC Valcartier and MDA have created an advanced simulation testbed for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of Network Enabled Operations in a Coastal Wide Area Surveillance situation, with algorithms provided by several universities. This INFORM Lab testbed allows experimenting with high-level distributed information fusion, dynamic resource management and configuration management, given multiple constraints on the resources and their communications networks. This paper describes the architecture of INFORM Lab, the essential concepts of goals and situation evidence, a selected set of algorithms for distributed information fusion and dynamic resource management, as well as auto-configurable information fusion architectures. The testbed provides general services which include a multilayer plug-and-play architecture, and a general multi-agent framework based on John Boyd's OODA loop. The testbed's performance is demonstrated on 2 types of scenarios/vignettes for 1) cooperative search-and-rescue efforts, and 2) a noncooperative smuggling scenario involving many target ships and various methods of deceit. For each mission, an appropriate subset of Canadian airborne and naval platforms are dispatched to collect situation evidence, which is fused, and then used to modify the platform trajectories for the most efficient collection of further situation evidence. These platforms are fusion nodes which obey a Command and Control node hierarchy.

  11. Resources

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

  12. Spectral and Spread Spectral Teleportation

    SciTech Connect

    Humble, Travis S [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    We report how quantum information encoded into the spectral degree of freedom of a single-photon state is teleported using a finite spectrally entangled biphoton state. We further demonstrate how the bandwidth of a teleported waveform can be controllably and coherently dilated using a spread spectral variant of teleportation. We present analytical fidelities for spectral and spread spectral teleportation when complex-valued Gaussian states are prepared using a proposed experimental approach, and we discuss the utility of these techniques for integrating broad-bandwidth photonic qubits with narrow-bandwidth receivers in quantum communication systems.

  13. Lunar phase function effects on spectral ratios used for resource assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larson, S. M.; Collins, J.; Singer, R. B.; Johnson, J. R.; Melendrez, D. E.

    1993-01-01

    Groundbased telescopic CCD images of 36 selected locations on the moon were obtained in five 'standard' bandpasses at 12 phase angles ranging from -78 deg to +75 deg to measure phase function effects on the ratio values used to quantify the abundance of TiO2 and qualitatively indicate soil maturity. Consistent with previous studies, we find that the moon is 'bluer' at small phase angles, but that the effect on the ratio values for TiO2 abundance for the phase angles of our data is on the order of the measurement uncertainties throughout the range of abundances found in the mare. The effect is more significant as seen from orbiting spacecraft over a range of selenographic latitude. Spectral ratio images (400/560 and 400/730 nm) were used to map the abundance of TiO2 using the empirical relation found by Charlette et al from analysis of returned lunar soils. Additionally, the 950/560 and 950/730 nm image ratios were used to define the regions of mature mare soil in which the relation is valid. Although the phase function dependence on wavelength was investigated and quantified for small areas and the integrated disc, the effect specifically on TiO2 mapping was not rigorously determined. For consistency and convenience in observing the whole lunar front side, our mapping utilized images taken -15 deg less than alpha less than 15 deg when the moon was fully illuminated from earth; however, this includes the strong opposition peak.

  14. Information Resources. Summary of Federal Agencies' Information Resources Management Problems. Fact Sheet for the Chairman, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Information Management and Technology Div.

    Even though the effective use of information resources is critical to government operations, reports of studies by the Information Management and Technology (IMTEC) Division of the General Accounting Office have shown that agencies have frequently had problems in managing these resources. At the request of the Committee on Government Operations of…

  15. [Study on a method for fast selecting feature wavelengths from the spectral information of crop nitrogen].

    PubMed

    Xu, Tian-shuang; Xu, Tao; Lan, Yu-bin; Wu, Wen-fu; Zhang, Hui-hui; Zhu, Hang

    2012-08-01

    Research on a method for fast selecting feature wavelengths from the nitrogen spectral information is necessary, which can determine the nitrogen content of crops. Based on the uniformity of uniform design, the present paper proposed an improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) method. The method can choose the initial particle swarm uniformly and describe the optimization space well by fewer sample points, which is helpful to avoiding the local optimum and accelerate the convergence. Then, the method was applied to fast select the nitrogen spectral wavelengths of soybean, cotton and maize. Calibration models based on the partial least square (PLS) method and selected wavelengths were constructed. The results illustrate that compared with the original wavelengths, the number of selected wavelengths decreases about 93%, which means the computation is simplified. Also, the precision of PLS prediction mode based on the selected wavelengths improves by 34% at least, and the prediction ability of calibration model increases greatly. Therefore, the proposed method is both correct and effective. PMID:23156778

  16. An ensemble method based on uninformative variable elimination and mutual information for spectral multivariate calibration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tan, Chao; Wang, Jinyue; Wu, Tong; Qin, Xin; Li, Menglong

    2010-12-01

    Based on the combination of uninformative variable elimination (UVE), bootstrap and mutual information (MI), a simple ensemble algorithm, named ESPLS, is proposed for spectral multivariate calibration (MVC). In ESPLS, those uninformative variables are first removed; and then a preparatory training set is produced by bootstrap, on which a MI spectrum of retained variables is calculated. The variables that exhibit higher MI than a defined threshold form a subspace on which a candidate partial least-squares (PLS) model is constructed. This process is repeated. After a number of candidate models are obtained, a small part of models is picked out to construct an ensemble model by simple/weighted average. Four near/mid-infrared (NIR/MIR) spectral datasets concerning the determination of six components are used to verify the proposed ESPLS. The results indicate that ESPLS is superior to UVEPLS and its combination with MI-based variable selection (SPLS) in terms of both the accuracy and robustness. Besides, from the perspective of end-users, ESPLS does not increase the complexity of a calibration when enhancing its performance.

  17. 48 CFR 1804.470 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources...Safeguarding Classified Information Within Industry 1804.470 Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT)...

  18. 48 CFR 1804.470 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources...Safeguarding Classified Information Within Industry 1804.470 Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT)...

  19. 48 CFR 1804.470 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources...Safeguarding Classified Information Within Industry 1804.470 Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT)...

  20. Resource and Knowledge Discovery in Global Information Systems: A Multiple Layered

    E-print Network

    Fu, Yongjian

    Resource and Knowledge Discovery in Global Information Systems: A Multiple Layered Database an im­ portant issue in the research into global information systems. Although researches successfully developed and delivered to the market, a global information system stores much huger amount

  1. Geographic information systems: A critical resource in exposure assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Holm, D.M. [Orkand Corp., Silver Spring, MD (United States); Maslia, M.L.; Reyes, J.J.; Williams, R.C. [Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA (United States); Aral, M.M. [Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Public health professionals are continuously seeking methods of characterizing populations with respect to environmental hazards. Geographic Information Systems (GIS), coupled with census information and spatial analysis techniques, offer tools which allow assessment of the size and demographic characteristics of populations in concert with the evaluation of environmental and health data. This is done for a variety of purposes, including: (1) identifying general populations at risk from environmental hazards, (2) conducting exposure assessments of sensitive populations, (3) identifying public health education or community outreach focus areas, and (4) identifying target and control populations for health studies. For example, measured environmental concentrations of toxic substances, when coupled with simulation models and subjected to statistical analyses, can be used to determine risks to potentially exposed communities. Likewise, where insufficient environmental measurements exist for adequate (or proper) characterization, environmental fate and transport models enable estimates of the distribution of contaminants for the same purposes. With GIS, public health professionals can co-analyze health outcome and environmental data and estimate the influence of nearby sources of environmental contamination on the incidence of disease patterns in surrounding populations. GIS can also be used to analyze descriptive environmental data, such as the presence of wetlands, range and preferred habitats, and the presence of aged housing to define areas where conditions are favorable to the development of disease. These areas can then be targeted for educational efforts and other preventative action. Through implementations such as these, GIS is both an enabler and critical resource to the environmental public health professional.

  2. Automatic clustering based on an information-theoretic approach with application to spectral anomaly detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlotto, Mark J.

    2006-05-01

    An information-theoretic method is described for automatically determining the best number of clusters. It is motivated by Rissanen's minimum description length principle that states the best representation is the one with the fewest bits. The method is evaluated using two different clustering algorithms: a mode finder based on scale-space algorithm, and a vector quantizer (VQ). Synthetic, single- and multi-band image clustering examples are presented. Clusterings produced by the mode finder are shown to better correspond to distinguishable surface categories in the scene than those produced by the VQ algorithm. VQ clusterings are evaluated within an anomaly detector, which detects manmade object/changes as spectral outliers within a set of background clusters. It is shown that the optimal VQ clustering (the one with the fewest bits) produces the best detection performance.

  3. Research on Resource-Based Management Information System Competencies and Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qing Chen; Huiping Cheng

    2008-01-01

    Management information system (MIS) is charged with improving the performance of organizations and people through the use of information technology. This paper focuses on resource-based management information system competencies and strategies. First, from a resource-based perspective, MIS resources that are inimitable and valuable can be rent-yielding. MIS resources can be divided into three broad categories - human, technological, and relationship

  4. [Information seeking behavior and use of information resources among physicians in a Croatian Clinical Hospital].

    PubMed

    Markulin, Helena

    2014-01-01

    Physicians are daily faced with the difficult task of clinical decision making. To successfully fulfill this task physicians depend on the availability of high value medical information. In order to determine information needs and information seeking behavior among physicians, a research was conducted between January 2008 and October 2009, using a convenience sample. The questionnaire was filled out by a total of 303 respondents in a Croatian university hospital. Research has shown that when they need a new medical information, the majority of respondents (56.1%) used books and joumrnals, 19.5% of respondents sought opinion from a colleague, and only 6.7% of respondents used medical database. Furthermore, 62.4% of respondents did not use medical databases, and only 33.9% of respondents used Medline. The results of this research indicate, that the respondents had low level of awareness and use of EBM resources (only 3.3% of respondents used The Cochrane Library). PMID:25632770

  5. Two-Microphone Noise Reduction Using Spatial Information-Based Spectral Amplitude Estimation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Kai; Guo, Yanmeng; Fu, Qiang; Li, Junfeng; Yan, Yonghong

    Traditional two-microphone noise reduction algorithms to deal with highly nonstationary directional noises generally use the direction of arrival or phase difference information. The performance of these algorithms deteriorate when diffuse noises coexist with nonstationary directional noises in realistic adverse environments. In this paper, we present a two-channel noise reduction algorithm using a spatial information-based speech estimator and a spatial-information-controlled soft-decision noise estimator to improve the noise reduction performance in realistic non-stationary noisy environments. A target presence probability estimator based on Bayes rules using both phase difference and magnitude squared coherence is proposed for soft-decision of noise estimation, so that they can share complementary advantages when both directional noises and diffuse noises are present. Performances of the proposed two-microphone noise reduction algorithm are evaluated by noise reduction, log-spectral distance (LSD) and word recognition rate (WRR) of a distant-talking ASR system in a real room's noisy environment. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm achieves better noises suppression without further distorting the desired signal components over the comparative dual-channel noise reduction algorithms.

  6. RESOURCE DEGRADATION ON AGRICULTURAL LAND: INFORMATION PROBLEMS, MARKET FAILURES AND GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian R. Wills

    1987-01-01

    Information problems impede private contracting for the supply of many natural resource services. They are also likely to prevent the government identifying and achieving optimum levels of natural resource degradation on agricultural land. In particular, the distributional impacts of government intervention create incentives for strategic distortions of information by interested parties. Resource conservation measures which impose costs on beneficiaries, and

  7. Investigating the Benefits of Land Administration Information to Natural Resource Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David MITCHELL; Ron GRENFELL; Keith C. BELL

    2004-01-01

    SUMMARY This paper provides an overview of the information required for natural resource management, and an assessment of the capability of land administration information to support natural resource management decision-making. The international move towards sustainability has impacted on natural resource management. It has been widely acknowledged that widespread changes to land use and land management practices are required to improve

  8. Information resources: How they are utilized by Louisiana

    SciTech Connect

    Gardner, S. [Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality, Baton Rouge (United States)

    1990-12-31

    Louisiana, now in a developmental stage of policy and planning, has completed a project aimed at reducing hazardous releases of air toxics in thee state. The state is also conducting a Comparative Risk Project and is using risk assessment practices to develop its waste quality standards. In developing an air toxic list, Louisiana incorporated four major criteria into the ranking: emission levels, human health effects, potential population exposure, and persistence or accumulation in the environment. For the human health effects criterion, data for each substance was gathered from numerous sources, although the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database was used as a primary source for toxicological information. Following guidelines established by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Office of Water Resources, Water Pollution Control Division, has developed numerical criteria for human health protection based on risk assessment procedures in the 1989 Water Quality Standards Revision. Currently over 30 toxic substances have risk-based criteria for th protection of human health in the standards. Numerical criteria were calculated for carcinogenic substances having an EPA Classification of A, B1, B2, or C. Cancer class designations along with cancer potency slopes and reference doses were extracted from the IRIS database, with the exception of those chemicals that had not been assessed in IRIS as of December 1, 1988. The parameters necessary for calculating human health criteria for the missing chemicals were taken from 1980, 1984, and 1985 ambient water quality criteria documents: data on bioconcentration factors were included. Currently, Louisiana is working on a Comparative Risk Project, a ranking of the environmental issues in the state relative to potential risk to the public, which is the basis for a widespread 1991 public outreach effort.

  9. International Virtual Observatory System for Water Resources Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leinenweber, Lewis; Bermudez, Luis

    2013-04-01

    Sharing, accessing, and integrating hydrologic and climatic data have been identified as a critical need for some time. The current state of data portals, standards, technologies, activities, and expertise can be leverage to develop an initial operational capability for a virtual observatory system. This system will allow to link observations data with stream networks and models, and to solve semantic inconsistencies among communities. Prototyping a virtual observatory system is an inter-disciplinary, inter-agency and international endeavor. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) within the OGC Interoperability Program provides the process and expertise to run such collaborative effort. The OGC serves as a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and to advance the development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The project coordinated by OGC that is advancing an international virtual observatory system for water resources information is called Climatology-Hydrology Information Sharing Pilot, Phase 1 (CHISP-1). It includes observations and forecasts in the U.S. and Canada levering current networks and capabilities. It is designed to support the following use cases: 1) Hydrologic modeling for historical and near-future stream flow and groundwater conditions. Requires the integration of trans-boundary stream flow and groundwater well data, as well as national river networks (US NHD and Canada NHN) from multiple agencies. Emphasis will be on time series data and real-time flood monitoring. 2) Modeling and assessment of nutrient load into the lakes. Requires accessing water-quality data from multiple agencies and integrating with stream flow information for calculating loads. Emphasis on discrete sampled water quality observations, linking those to specific NHD stream reaches and catchments, and additional metadata for sampled data. The key objectives of these use cases are: 1) To link observations data to the stream network, enabling queries of conditions upstream from a given location to return all relevant gages and well locations. This is currently not practical with the data sources available. 2) To bridge differences in semantics across information models and processes used by the various data producers, to improve the hydrologic and water quality modeling capabilities. Other expected benefits to be derived from this project include: - Leverage a large body of existing data holdings and related activities of multiple agencies in the US and Canada. - Influence data and metadata standards used internationally for web-based information sharing, through multiple agency cooperation and OGC standards setting process. - Reduction of procurement risk through partnership-based development of an initial operating capability verses the cost for building a fully operational system using a traditional "waterfall approach". - Identification and clarification of what is possible, and of the key technical and non-technical barriers to continued progress in sharing and integrating hydrologic and climatic information. - Promote understanding and strengthen ties within the hydro-climatic community. This is anticipated to be the first phase of a multi-phase project, with future work on forecasting the hydrologic consequences of extreme weather events, and enabling more sophisticated water quality modeling.

  10. Nonlocal correlations as an information-theoretic resource

    SciTech Connect

    Barrett, Jonathan; Massar, Serge; Pironio, Stefano [Physique Theorique, C.P. 225, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Centre for Quantum Information and Communication, C.P. 165/59, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Avenue F. D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Linden, Noah [Department of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom); Popescu, Sandu [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Stoke Gifford, Bristol BS12 6QZ (United Kingdom); Roberts, David [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom)

    2005-02-01

    It is well known that measurements performed on spatially separated entangled quantum systems can give rise to correlations that are nonlocal, in the sense that a Bell inequality is violated. They cannot, however, be used for superluminal signaling. It is also known that it is possible to write down sets of 'superquantum' correlations that are more nonlocal than is allowed by quantum mechanics, yet are still nonsignaling. Viewed as an information-theoretic resource, superquantum correlations are very powerful at reducing the amount of communication needed for distributed computational tasks. An intriguing question is why quantum mechanics does not allow these more powerful correlations. We aim to shed light on the range of quantum possibilities by placing them within a wider context. With this in mind, we investigate the set of correlations that are constrained only by the no-signaling principle. These correlations form a polytope, which contains the quantum correlations as a (proper) subset. We determine the vertices of the no-signaling polytope in the case that two observers each choose from two possible measurements with d outcomes. We then consider how interconversions between different sorts of correlations may be achieved. Finally, we consider some multipartite examples.

  11. Multimedia vs. Print Information Resources: Information Location and Use, Motivation, and Learning Patterns for Children and Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Small, Ruth V.; Ferreira, Sueli M.

    In educational and training environments, teachers assign their students independent research tasks that require locating, gathering, synthesizing, and summarizing information from one or more information resources containing large, and sometimes overwhelming, amounts of information. This study explored the information location and use activities,…

  12. CH2M Hill Hanford Group Inc (CHG) Information Resource Management (IRM) Strategic Plan

    SciTech Connect

    NELSON, R.L.

    2000-06-06

    The CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG), Information Resource Management Strategic Plan is the top-level planning document for applying information and information resource management to achieve the CHG mission for the management of the River Protection Project waste tank farm.

  13. Technical Information Resource on Rare Earth Elements Now Available to Public and Private Sector Stakeholders

    EPA Science Inventory

    A new EPA technical information resource, ?Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing, Recycling, and Associated Environmental Issues? has been produced as an introductory resource for those interested in learning more about REE mining and alternatives to meet demand...

  14. 25 CFR 162.520 - Who owns the energy resource information obtained under the WEEL?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...162.520 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Wind and Solar Resource Leases Weels § 162.520 Who owns the energy resource information obtained under the WEEL? (a) The...

  15. 25 CFR 162.520 - Who owns the energy resource information obtained under the WEEL?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...162.520 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Wind and Solar Resource Leases Weels § 162.520 Who owns the energy resource information obtained under the WEEL? (a) The...

  16. Laser Safety Web Resources The web links below represent varied resources for laser safety information and

    E-print Network

    Houston, Paul L.

    Laser Safety Web Resources The web links below represent varied resources for laser safety endorsement by Georgia Tech. Please contact the Laser Safety Officer if you know of any helpful resources of Laser Physics and Technology, http://www.rp- photonics.com/encyclopedia.html Kentek, http

  17. Optimised sensitivity to leptonic CP violation from spectral information: the LBNO case at 2300 km baseline

    E-print Network

    LAGUNA-LBNO Collaboration; :; S. K. Agarwalla; L. Agostino; M. Aittola; A. Alekou; B. Andrieu; F. Antoniou; R. Asfandiyarov; D. Autiero; O. Bésida; A. Balik; P. Ballett; I. Bandac; D. Banerjee; W. Bartmann; F. Bay; B. Biskup; A. M. Blebea-Apostu; A. Blondel; M. Bogomilov; S. Bolognesi; E. Borriello; I. Brancus; A. Bravar; M. Buizza-Avanzini; D. Caiulo; M. Calin; M. Calviani; M. Campanelli; C. Cantini; G. Cata-Danil; S. Chakraborty; N. Charitonidis; L. Chaussard; D. Chesneanu; F. Chipesiu; P. Crivelli; J. Dawson; I. De Bonis; Y. Declais; P. Del Amo Sanchez; A. Delbart; S. Di~Luise; D. Duchesneau; J. Dumarchez; I. Efthymiopoulos; A. Eliseev; S. Emery; T. Enqvist; K. Enqvist; L. Epprecht; A. N. Erykalov; T. Esanu; D. Franco; M. Friend; V. Galymov; G. Gavrilov; A. Gendotti; C. Giganti; S. Gilardoni; B. Goddard; C. M. Gomoiu; Y. A. Gornushkin; P. Gorodetzky; A. Haesler; T. Hasegawa; S. Horikawa; K. Huitu; A. Izmaylov; A. Jipa; K. Kainulainen; Y. Karadzhov; M. Khabibullin; A. Khotjantsev; A. N. Kopylov; A. Korzenev; S. Kosyanenko; D. Kryn; Y. Kudenko; P. Kuusiniemi; I. Lazanu; C. Lazaridis; J. -M. Levy; K. Loo; J. Maalampi; R. M. Margineanu; J. Marteau; C. Martin-Mari; V. Matveev; E. Mazzucato; A. Mefodiev; O. Mineev; A. Mirizzi; B. Mitrica; S. Murphy; T. Nakadaira; S. Narita; D. A. Nesterenko; K. Nguyen; K. Nikolics; E. Noah; Yu. Novikov; A. Oprima; J. Osborne; T. Ovsyannikova; Y. Papaphilippou; S. Pascoli; T. Patzak; M. Pectu; E. Pennacchio; L. Periale; H. Pessard; B. Popov; M. Ravonel; M. Rayner; F. Resnati; O. Ristea; A. Robert; A. Rubbia; K. Rummukainen; A. Saftoiu; K. Sakashita; F. Sanchez-Galan; J. Sarkamo; N. Saviano; E. Scantamburlo; F. Sergiampietri; D. Sgalaberna; E. Shaposhnikova; M. Slupecki; D. Smargianaki; D. Stanca; R. Steerenberg; A. R. Sterian; P. Sterian; S. Stoica; C. Strabel; J. Suhonen; V. Suvorov; G. Toma; A. Tonazzo; W. H. Trzaska; R. Tsenov; K. Tuominen; M. Valram; G. Vankova-Kirilova; F. Vannucci; G. Vasseur; F. Velotti; P. Velten; V. Venturi; T. Viant; S. Vihonen; H. Vincke; A. Vorobyev; A. Weber; S. Wu; N. Yershov; L. Zambelli; M. Zito

    2014-12-01

    One of the main goals of the Long Baseline Neutrino Observatory (LBNO) is to study the $L/E$ behaviour (spectral information) of the electron neutrino and antineutrino appearance probabilities, in order to determine the unknown CP-violation phase $\\delta_{CP}$ and discover CP-violation in the leptonic sector. The result is based on the measurement of the appearance probabilities in a broad range of energies, covering t he 1st and 2nd oscillation maxima, at a very long baseline of 2300 km. The sensitivity of the experiment can be maximised by optimising the energy spectra of the neutrino and anti-neutrino fluxes. Such an optimisation requires exploring an extended range of parameters describing in details the geometries and properties of the primary protons, hadron target and focusing elements in the neutrino beam line. In this paper we present a numerical solution that leads to an optimised energy spectra and study its impact on the sensitivity of LBNO to discover leptonic CP violation. In the optimised flux both 1st and 2nd oscillation maxima play an important role in the CP sensitivity. The studies also show that this configuration is less sensitive to systematic errors (e.g. on the total event rates) than an experiment which mainly relies on the neutrino-antineutrino asymmetry at the 1st maximum to determine the existence of CP-violation.

  18. Information resources in state regulatory agencies-a California perspective

    SciTech Connect

    DiZio, S.M. [California Environmental Protection Agency, Sacramento (United States)

    1990-12-31

    Various state regulatory agencies have expressed a need for networking with information gatherers/researchers to produce a concise compilation of primary information so that the basis for regulatory standards can be scientifically referenced. California has instituted several programs to retrieve primary information, generate primary information through research, and generate unique regulatory standards by integrating the primary literature and the products of research. This paper describes these programs.

  19. Putting Information on the Corporate Agenda as a Key Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piggott, Sylvia E. A.

    To help understand the trends, strategies, structure, and new skills that will be required by the information professional in this changing global environment, this paper examines the future of the library and information profession and the impact that information technology is having on the discipline. The paper focuses on the online delivery of…

  20. Government & Social Science Information: European Union Internet Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The University of California-Berkeley Library's Government and Social Science Information Service (GSSI) has developed this Web site relating to European Union (EU) information. It provides a list of EU servers including those related to Information and R & D Activities, an EU FAQ and other University EU links.

  1. BRENDA: a resource for enzyme data and metabolic information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ida Schomburg; Antje Chang; Oliver Hofmann; Christian Ebeling; Frank Ehrentreich; Dietmar Schomburg

    2002-01-01

    BRENDA (BRaunschweig ENzyme DAtabase), founded in 1987 by Dietmar Schomburg, is a comprehensive protein function database, containing enzymatic and metabolic information extracted from the primary literature. Presently, the database holds data on more than 40 000 enzymes and 4460 different organisms, and includes information about enzyme–ligand relationships with numerous chemical compounds. The collection of molecular and biochemical information in BRENDA

  2. Human Resource Networks in Community Gerontological and Health Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dosa, Marta L.

    Information professionals have been concerned with information sharing and cooperative arrangements for years; however, members of other professions, trapped in their own institutional and information maze, are building their own interpersonal and interagency networks. By developing a supportive network of people from various social areas (aging,…

  3. An Information-Theoretic Analysis of Distributed Resource Allocation

    E-print Network

    Alpcan, Tansu

    in a wide variety of systems ranging from electrical power grid to communication networks [4], [13], [24) how to design optimal communication systems for distributed resource allocation? A better quantitative Dey Abstract-- Solving a resource allocation problem in a dis- tributed way requires communication

  4. Information Resources and Retrieval: The Ways Technology Can Enhance Preparing Tomorrow's Teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henry Wang; James Yao

    In today's information society, we ask: will new teachers be prepared to teach in a digital age? We understand that information resources are vital. Knowing how to retrieve information is important but having the knowledge and skills to evaluate the information found is paramount. The relationship between students and teachers, which is fundamental to the learning process, still remains the

  5. The Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Resource Sharing Tailored for Local Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

    The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), which is charged with providing information services to the scientific and technical community of the Department of Defense (DoD), actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the defense…

  6. Clustering of LDAP directory schemas to facilitate information resources interoperability across organizations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianghua Liang; Art Vandenberg

    2006-01-01

    Directories provide a well-defined general mechanism for describing organizational resources such as the resources of the Internet2 higher education research community and the Grid community. Lightweight directory access protocol directory services enable data sharing by defining the information's metadata (schema) and access protocol. Interoperability of directory information between organizations is increasingly important. Improved discovery of directory schemas across organizations, better

  7. 77 FR 427 - EPAAR Clause for Compliance With EPA Policies for Information Resources Management

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-05

    ...States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities...States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities...Policies for Information Resources Management provides...Policies for Information Resources Management provides...Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use This...

  8. 76 FR 26235 - EPAAR Clause for Compliance with EPA Policies for Information Resources Management

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-06

    ...States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities...States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities...Policies for Information Resources Management provides...Policies for Information Resources Management provides...Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use This...

  9. Testbed for distributed high-level information fusion and dynamic resource management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Valin; Eloi Bossé; Adel Guitouni; Hans Wehn; Jens Happe

    2010-01-01

    The testbed allows experimenting with highlevel distributed information fusion, dynamic resource management and configuration management given multiple constraints on the resources and their communication networks. The testbed provides general services that are useful for testing many information fusion applications. Services include a multi-layer plug-and-play architecture, and a general multi-agent framework based on John Boyd's OODA loop.

  10. The National Lending Library: Information Resource Center Extraordinaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Theodore P.

    1973-01-01

    This article provides a brief glimpse of the National Lending Library at Boston Spa in Yorkshire which is the primary bibliographic resource center for science and technology in Great Britain. (Author)

  11. Using evidence informed approval to create online learning resources

    E-print Network

    Tracy, Frances; Jordan, Katy; Johnstone, Keith; Carmichael, Patrick

    2007-06-14

    into undergraduate teaching and learning within the Department; and to develop online resources to support student learning. The research focused on the second year ‘Part IB Plant & Microbial Sciences’ (IB PMS) Course. A combination of focus groups, dual...

  12. Resources for toxicologic and radiologic information and assistance.

    PubMed

    Kirk, Mark; Iddins, Carol J

    2015-02-01

    Most approaches toward chemical and radiological/nuclear (CRN) incidents focus on the clinical skills of the first receiver. These skills are certainly important and are addressed throughout this article. Management skills are often overlooked. The following are basic competencies in information management for the emergency medicine physician to handle large-scale CRN incidents: planning information; incident management information; toxicant management; disposition/definitive care management; and recovery management. Information management and synthesis are crucial throughout the phases of the disaster cycle: planning, response, mitigation, and recovery. PMID:25455663

  13. NASA Earth Resources Survey Symposium. Volume 1-B: Geology, Information Systems and Services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A symposium was conducted on the practical applications of earth resources survey technology including utilization and results of data from programs involving LANDSAT, the Skylab earth resources experiment package, and aircraft. Topics discussed include geological structure, landform surveys, energy and extractive resources, and information systems and services.

  14. Z .Computer Networks 31 1999 10491062 Mobility information for resource management in wireless ATM

    E-print Network

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    S provisioning, including flow control, resource allocation, conges- tion control, and call admission controlZ .Computer Networks 31 1999 1049­1062 Mobility information for resource management in wireless ATM to network resource management in wireless ATM Asynchronous . Z .Transfer Mode networks. In order

  15. Organic Food Production: Resource from the Alternative Farming Systems Information Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC) is a specialized segment of the National Agricultural Library. AFSIC provides this Web site as a collection of resources and information on organically produced foods. The site provides links to numerous government agencies and other organizations aimed at supporting organic agriculture. An assortment of AFSIC publications includes tips for searching for organic agriculture information, as well as compiled lists of resources on topics like organic gardening, marketing organic foods, and nutritive content of organically produced foods. This is a beneficial resource for those pursuing detailed information on organic food production.

  16. Coregistration refinement of hyperspectral images and DSM: An object-based approach using spectral information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avbelj, Janja; Iwaszczuk, Dorota; Müller, Rupert; Reinartz, Peter; Stilla, Uwe

    2015-02-01

    For image fusion in remote sensing applications the georeferencing accuracy using position, attitude, and camera calibration measurements can be insufficient. Thus, image processing techniques should be employed for precise coregistration of images. In this article a method for multimodal object-based image coregistration refinement between hyperspectral images (HSI) and digital surface models (DSM) is presented. The method is divided in three parts: object outline detection in HSI and DSM, matching, and determination of transformation parameters. The novelty of our proposed coregistration refinement method is the use of material properties and height information of urban objects from HSI and DSM, respectively. We refer to urban objects as objects which are typical in urban environments and focus on buildings by describing them with 2D outlines. Furthermore, the geometric accuracy of these detected building outlines is taken into account in the matching step and for the determination of transformation parameters. Hence, a stochastic model is introduced to compute optimal transformation parameters. The feasibility of the method is shown by testing it on two aerial HSI of different spatial and spectral resolution, and two DSM of different spatial resolution. The evaluation is carried out by comparing the accuracies of the transformations parameters to the reference parameters, determined by considering object outlines at much higher resolution, and also by computing the correctness and the quality rate of the extracted outlines before and after coregistration refinement. Results indicate that using outlines of objects instead of only line segments is advantageous for coregistration of HSI and DSM. The extraction of building outlines in comparison to the line cue extraction provides a larger amount of assigned lines between the images and is more robust to outliers, i.e. false matches.

  17. Grid-Based Enterprise Unstructured Information Resources Management Software Infrastructure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhang Ming-Bao

    2008-01-01

    Some challenges must be confronted when unstructured information is to be efficiently managed. Firstly, the lifetime process which includes obtaining, analyzing, labeling, saving and applying of unstructured information should be supported. Secondly, the dissimilar and uncertain user's requirements should be fulfilled. And finally the quickly changing enterprise application environments should be adapted. To solve these problems, one kind of grid-based

  18. Geographic Information Systems and Health: An Educational Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albert, Don P.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze spatial dimensions of health care and disease ecology is becoming a realistic prospect for investigators in the social sciences. Contends that enough information is available to provide instructors with materials for classroom units. (CFR)

  19. BIG: A Resource-Bounded Information Gathering Agent

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victor R. Lesser; Bryan Horling; Frank Klassner; Anita Raja; Thomas Wagner; Xiaoqin Zhang

    1998-01-01

    Effective information gathering on the WWW is a com- plex task requiring planning, scheduling, text processing, and interpretation-style reasoning about extracted data to resolve inconsistencies and to refine hypotheses about the data. This paper describes the rationale, architecture, and implementa- tion of a next generation information gathering system - a system that integrates several areas of AI research under a

  20. Managing Information Resources: New Directions in State Government.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caudle, Sharon L.; Marchand, Donald A.

    1990-01-01

    Describes a national survey of management policies and practices applied to information and information technology in state government. Management approaches and trends are discussed in the areas of data processing, telecommunications, office automation, records management, state library services, policy formation, budgeting and accounting,…

  1. Automatic Cache Update Control for Scalable Resource Information Service with WS-Management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tadano, Kumiko; Machida, Fumio; Kawato, Masahiro; Maeno, Yoshiharu

    Scalable and interoperable security management has become an important issue in advanced datacenter services. In our previous work, we had developed integrated access control manager (IAM) that manages accesses to various resources. To integrate access controls for various resources, a scalable and interoperable resource information service that provides target resource information to compose access control policies is required. To improve interoperability and performance of the resource information service, we brought a resource information cache into the IAM and introduced an automatic cache update control method that updates cached information proactively based on WS-Management and CIM standards. To reduce server loads to update cached information, the proposed method selects a part of cached information by content priority as an update target instead of updating all cached contents. We evaluated the average query response time of resource information service by simulating the proposed method. The proposed method reduced average query response time by 66.66% compared to the conventional reactive update control method.

  2. HIV\\/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine-STOP

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Templin-Branner; N. Dancy

    2010-01-01

    The HIV\\/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the UNCFSP HBCU Screening, Testing, Outreach, and Prevention (STOP) HIV\\/AIDS Program project members to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of;\\u000atreatment information and educational materials that are available on

  3. Help Wanted: Job & Career Information Resources. RUSA Occasional Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Gary W., Ed.

    This book highlights techniques that can be implemented to build library collections on jobs and careers. The authors explore demographic and economic changes that influence the job market and the future of the workforce. They also examine how resources have shifted from books to collections incorporating Web pages, CD-ROMs, and audiovisual…

  4. Integrating Ecology and Information Technology: Conserving Natural Resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melissa M. Grigione; Dan Farkas

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this project is to develop an interdisciplinary collaboration in technology, spatial analysis and the conservation of natural, environmental, and ecological resources. The proposed collaboration involved independent research projects so that students can participate in both field?based and laboratory activities. The Thinkfinity project has initiated continued work and expansion of our goals to include a multi?college collaboration and

  5. Using an evidence informed approach to create online learning resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    FRANCES TRACY; KATY JORDAN; KEITH JOHNSTONE; PATRICK CARMICHAEL

    The Plant Sciences Pedagogy Project began in the autumn of 2005 sponsored by the Cambridge-MIT Institute (CMI). The project objectives within the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Cambridge were twofold: to conduct research into undergraduate teaching and learning within the Department; and to develop online resources to support student learning. The research focused on the second year

  6. Information Resources and Searching Techniques for the Private Practice Veterinarian

    E-print Network

    Thomas, David D.

    details. Minitex manages the Electronic Library for Minnesota - http://www.elm4you.org/ - where you can most of the same resources available through the University Library and Archive system. Here Libraries' databases and e-journals is restricted to currently registered students, staff and faculty

  7. Testing the Surf: Criteria for Evaluating Internet Information Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Alastair G.

    1997-01-01

    Presents evaluation criteria for Internet and World Wide Web resources. Scope, content, graphic and multimedia design, purpose and audience, reviews, workability, and cost are discussed; criteria used by Internet evaluation sites are listed; and an annotated list of 10 evaluation sites on the Web is appended. (LRW)

  8. An accessibility assessment of selected Web-based health information resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah K. McCord; Linda Frederiksen; Nicole Campbell

    2002-01-01

    The Internet has created new opportunities to make quality health information more widely available to both researchers and the general public. However, not all that information has been presented in a format accessible to people with disabilities. This accessibility assessment of eight selected Web-based health information resources (PubMed, OVID MEDLINE, MEDLINEplus, CANCERLIT, the Hazardous Substance Data Bank, TOXLINE, and two

  9. International Students Using Online Information Resources to Learn: Complex Experience and Learning Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Hilary

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that investigated 25 international students' use of online information resources for study purposes at two Australian universities. Using an expanded critical incident approach, the study viewed international students through an information literacy lens, as information-using learners.…

  10. Exploiting information theory for adaptive mobility and resource management in future cellular networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abhishek Roy; Sajal K. Das; Archan MISRA

    2004-01-01

    We utilize tools from information theory to develop adaptive algorithms for two key problems in cellular networks: location tracking and resource management. The use of information theory is motivated by the fundamental observation that overheads in many aspects of mobile computing can be traced to the randomness or uncertainty in an individual user's movement behavior. We present a model-independent information-theoretic

  11. Resource and Knowledge Discovery in Global Information Systems: A Multiple Layered

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Richard "Hao"

    Resource and Knowledge Discovery in Global Information Systems: A Multiple Layered Database, with different kinds of database systems successfully developed and delivered to the market, a global information system stores much huger amount of information in a much more complicated and un­ structured manner than

  12. RNA secondary structure as a reusable interface to biological information resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramon M. Felciano; Richard O. Chen; Russ B. Altman

    1997-01-01

    The dissemination of biological information has become critically dependent on the Internet and World Wide Web (WWW), which enable distributed access to information in a platform independent manner. The mode of interaction between biologists and on-line information resources, however, has been mostly limited to simple interface technologies such has hypertext links, tables and forms. The introduction of platform-independent runtime environments

  13. Resource-bounded Information Extraction: Acquiring Missing Feature Values On Demand

    E-print Network

    McCallum, Andrew

    Resource-bounded Information Extraction: Acquiring Missing Feature Values On Demand Pallika Kanani-constraints. Given a database with missing or uncertain information, the proposed system automatically formulates information from them, and fills the missing values in the original database. We also exploit inherent

  14. Applying spectral mixture analysis (SMA) for soil information extraction on the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Accioly, Luciano Jose De Oliveira

    1997-11-01

    The research objectives of this study were formulated to produce the soil spectral maps using spectral mixture analysis on the AVIRIS data of the Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Tombstone, Arizona. To accomplish this objective the spectral characteristics of eight soils of this Watershed were determined considering the effect of the source of illumination/sensor viewing geometry, degree of wetness (dry vs wet), surface roughness, and the source of the spectra (field, sieved samples and lab) on the selection of image and reference endmembers. The scale effect of the source of spectra was also studied in connection with AVIRIS spectral response. The soils presented anisotropic behavior which varied inversely with the wavelength, and it was reduced under wet conditions. Loss of information occurred when moving from large scale data set (lab, sieved sample, and field spectra) to small scale data (AVIRIS). Cluster analysis and factor analysis were used to extract information about how soil reference endmembers are grouped in relation to viewing angles, degree of wetness and the source of the spectra. Factor analysis was applied to identify the key set of bands that carried most of the information. Soil spectral classes varied as a result of scale effects, soil conditions (wet or dry), and viewing angles. Factor analysis showed that with four unique bands (located at 0.410, 1.310, 0.650, and 2.400 mum) it was possible to reconstruct the four basic soil spectral curves (Epitaph, Graham, McAllister, and Baboquivari) from the lab data set. AVIRIS image was modeled using mixture analysis on the basis of image endmembers and reference endmembers. Based on the four dimensions of the AVIRIS data image endmembers were defined by three soil spectra (McAllister, Stronghold-3, and Graham) and by one spectra of green vegetation. The shade fractions were separated from dark soils (Graham and Epitaph) on the basis of the spatial context. The target test identified at least seven reference endmembers in the AVIRIS scene of the Watershed however; mixture analysis failed in obtaining fraction images from these reference endmembers. Mixture analysis was able to produce fraction images with a relatively high error for a small set (3) of reference endmembers (McAllister and Graham soils, and walnut leaf). However when applied to a subset of pixel extracted from the AVIRIS image mixture analysis identified the reference endmembers and quantified their proportions.

  15. Integrating resource selection information with spatial capture--recapture

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Royle, J. Andrew; Chandler, Richard B.; Sun, Catherine C.; Fuller, Angela K.

    2013-01-01

    4. Finally, we find that SCR models using standard symmetric and stationary encounter probability models may not fully explain variation in encounter probability due to space usage, and therefore produce biased estimates of density when animal space usage is related to resource selection. Consequently, it is important that space usage be taken into consideration, if possible, in studies focused on estimating density using capture–recapture methods.

  16. HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine-STOP

    SciTech Connect

    Templin-Branner, W. and N. Dancy

    2010-06-15

    The HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the UNCFSP HBCU Screening, Testing, Outreach, and Prevention (STOP) HIV/AIDS Program project members to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based organizations

  17. Access and use of information resources by Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect

    West, C.R. [Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Boston (United States)

    1990-12-31

    This paper describes the way in which the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection uses risk assessment to implement the state`s environmental laws. It focuses on the Office of Research and Standards, which was created to provide information on adverse health effects of environmental contaminants, to recommend exposure levels, and to direct and manage research programs.

  18. Brief guide to information resources supporting the Human Genome Project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. F. Smith

    1995-01-01

    The following topics are discussed: Human Genome Project information, including the Human Genome News; lists of genome databases worldwide; lists of genome centers worldwide; lists of molecular biology-oriented WWW servers; example of WWW servers that provide links with multiple databases; molecular biology software collections; short descriptions of example molecular biology databases (abstracted from the respective sources); EMBL nucleotide sequence database;

  19. Managing Information Resources and Services in a Distance Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tolsma, Robert S.

    1997-01-01

    Examines issues in the management of information and support services for distance education, including identification of instructional objectives and strategies and desired outcomes; nature, scope, and locus of organizational responsibility; quality standards; competing service values; logistics of service provision; costs and benefits; and…

  20. Translating Strategic Planning for Information Resources into Ongoing Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penrod, James I.; Douglas, Judith V.

    1987-01-01

    With funding from the National Library of Medicine, the University of Maryland at Baltimore instituted a formal strategic planning process for an integrated academic information management system. A general model for organizational change is applied to the situation, with references to the literature on systems models and formal planning. (MLW)

  1. The role of spatial, spectral and radiometric resolution on information content. [of aircraft scanners

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buis, J. S.; Acevedo, W.; Wrigley, R. C.; Alexander, D. A.

    1983-01-01

    The results of a factorial experiment to evaluate the effects of spatial, spectral, and radiometric resolution on training-data spectral separability and classification accuracy are reported. Aircraft scanner data from five flightlines at 19.8 km over California including croplands, rangeland, forest, water, and urban areas were systematically degraded over a range approximately from Landsat MSS to Thematic Mapper specifications. Reference data were collected on the ground and from aerial photography. The degradations, training-site delineation, data-analysis procedures, and accuracy-assessment techniques are described; the results are presented in tables and graphs and discussed. It is found that while accuracy was increased by higher spectral resolution in 70 percent of the cases and uniformly by increased radiometric resolution, it was decreased by higher spatial resolution. This phenomenon is attributed to classification methods.

  2. 29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources-Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources- Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources ­ Portable Devices: Information Security Approved of its established security realm (e.g., authentication mechanism, firewall, or encryption). Information

  3. [Progress in retrieving vegetation water content under different vegetation coverage condition based on remote sensing spectral information].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jia-Hua; Li, Li; Yao, Feng-Mei

    2010-06-01

    The present paper reviews the progress in the methods of retrieving vegetation water content using remote sensing spectral information, including vegetation spectral reflectance information (VIR, SWIR, and NIR) to directly extract vegetation water content and establish vegetation water indices (WI), i. e. NDWI = (R860 - R1 240)/(R860 + R1 240) and PWI = R970/R900; and using radiation transfer (RT) model such as PROSPAIL to detect plant water content information. The authors analyze the method of retrieving vegetation water content under low crop coverage condition. The plant water can be estimated by using canopy physiological parameters firstly, and using vegetation indices and radiation transfer model secondly, which can eliminate soil background effect. The estimated agricultural drought and vegetation water content by using multi-angle polarized reflectance and bi-directional reflectance (BRDF) was discussed in this paper. In the end, the possible development trend of retrieval methods for plant water information under plant low coverage conditions was discussed. PMID:20707166

  4. Information Resource: About Herbs, Botanicals, and Other Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Web site from the Integrative Medicine Service of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) provides oncologists and other healthcare professionals with objective information on medicinal herbs and other botanicals. Users may search for a particular plant name or browse the entire catalog by letter of the alphabet. Searches yield a clinical summary for each plant, a description of purported uses, information on adverse effects and drug interactions, and so on. The site also includes a News and Alerts section, a FAQs page (mostly about possible risks and complications), and evaluations of alternative or unproved cancer therapies. The general reader should also find this regularly updated Web site helpful, but MSKCC cautions against substituting the site "for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment of any health condition or problem."

  5. Pennsylvania StreamStats--A web-based application for obtaining water-resource-related information

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stuckey, Marla H.; Hoffman, Scott A.

    2010-01-01

    StreamStats is a national web-based Geographic Information System (GIS) application, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc., to provide a variety of water-resource-related information. Users can easily obtain descriptive information, basin characteristics, and streamflow statistics for USGS streamgages and ungaged stream locations throughout Pennsylvania. StreamStats also allows users to search upstream and (or) downstream from user-selected points to identify locations of and obtain information for water-resource-related activities, such as dams and streamgages.

  6. 76 FR 34684 - Offshore Renewable Energy; Public Meeting on Information Needs for Resource Assessment and Design...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-14

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Offshore Renewable Energy; Public Meeting on Information Needs for Resource...Conditions AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION:...

  7. 78 FR 13366 - Information Collection Request: Technical Resource for Incident Prevention (TRIPwire) User...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ...Technical Resource for Incident Prevention (TRIPwire) is OBP's online, collaborative, information- sharing network for bomb squad, law enforcement, and other emergency services personnel to learn about current terrorist improvised explosive...

  8. Three-Way Complementarities: Performance Pay, Human Resource Analytics, and Information Technology

    E-print Network

    Brynjolfsson, Erik

    We test for three-way complementarities among information technology (IT), performance pay, and human resource (HR) analytics practices. We develop a principal–agent model examining how these practices work together as an ...

  9. Potential use of electronic information for natural resource management by private landowners in Texas

    E-print Network

    Hays, Amy E

    2000-01-01

    POTENTIAL USE OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION FOR NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT BY PRIVATE LANDOWNERS IN TEXAS A Thesis by AMY E. HAYS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2000 Major Subject: Rangeland Ecology and Management POTENTIAL USE OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION FOR NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT BY PRIVATE LANDOWNERS IN TEXAS A Thesis by AMY E. HAYS Submitted to Texas AAM...

  10. TCIA: An information resource to enable open science.

    PubMed

    Prior, Fred W; Clark, Ken; Commean, Paul; Freymann, John; Jaffe, Carl; Kirby, Justin; Moore, Stephen; Smith, Kirk; Tarbox, Lawrence; Vendt, Bruce; Marquez, Guillermo

    2013-01-01

    Reusable, publicly available data is a pillar of open science. The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) is an open image archive service supporting cancer research. TCIA collects, de-identifies, curates and manages rich collections of oncology image data. Image data sets have been contributed by 28 institutions and additional image collections are underway. Since June of 2011, more than 2,000 users have registered to search and access data from this freely available resource. TCIA encourages and supports cancer-related open science communities by hosting and managing the image archive, providing project wiki space and searchable metadata repositories. The success of TCIA is measured by the number of active research projects it enables (>40) and the number of scientific publications and presentations that are produced using data from TCIA collections (39). PMID:24109929

  11. 43 CFR 6302.16 - When and how may I gather scientific information about resources in BLM wilderness?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources...in wilderness areas, using methods that may cause greater impacts...minimum necessary for the scientific purposes of the...

  12. 43 CFR 6302.16 - When and how may I gather scientific information about resources in BLM wilderness?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources...in wilderness areas, using methods that may cause greater impacts...minimum necessary for the scientific purposes of the...

  13. 43 CFR 6302.16 - When and how may I gather scientific information about resources in BLM wilderness?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources...in wilderness areas, using methods that may cause greater impacts...minimum necessary for the scientific purposes of the...

  14. 43 CFR 6302.16 - When and how may I gather scientific information about resources in BLM wilderness?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources... When and how may I gather scientific information about resources...in wilderness areas, using methods that may cause greater impacts...minimum necessary for the scientific purposes of the...

  15. Requirements for the Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) -- Determined by Field Evaluation 

    E-print Network

    Herbich, J. B.; Smith, E. B.; Benson, J. D.

    1969-11-15

    A study designed to analyze two information services provided by the Water Resources Scientific Information Center is described. The study was conducted to assess the monetary value and acceptability to users of the Selected Water Resources...

  16. Requirements for the Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) -- Determined by Field Evaluation

    E-print Network

    Herbich, J. B.; Smith, E. B.; Benson, J. D.

    1969-11-15

    A study designed to analyze two information services provided by the Water Resources Scientific Information Center is described. The study was conducted to assess the monetary value and acceptability to users of the Selected Water Resources...

  17. The Two Instructional Faces of the Web: Information Resource and Publishing Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halverson, Aniko L.

    1997-01-01

    Two applications for the World Wide Web are discussed in light of projects in a University of Southern California library: (1) as a resource in the library, presented with the same information-literacy skills that should accompany any resource; and (2) as a publishing tool where content is created according to the particular instructional…

  18. Information Resources in Clinical Medicine: Family Practice, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Surgery, Internal Medicine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwank, Jean; Allen, Joyce

    Designed for beginning health science librarians, this continuing education course syllabus presents a guide to information resources for answering physicians' questions about patient care. Sources from standard core lists, such as the Alfred Brandon list, are highlighted and described, along with additional titles. General resources covered…

  19. Econ Ed & the Fed: Resources and Information for Educators, 2001-2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strahm, Sharon, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This Fall 2001-Spring 2002 newsletter provides resources and information to educators, particularly economics, history, social studies, and business educators, throughout the western district of the Federal Reserve System. The goal of the newsletter is to highlight new Federal Reserve teaching materials and resources, including Web sites,…

  20. Virtual Commencement Rehearsal An online resource for students: providing important information

    E-print Network

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    Virtual Commencement Rehearsal An online resource for students: providing important information can recognize your hard work and success. 2 #12;About the Virtual Commencement Rehearsal To ensure, this Virtual Rehearsal has been created as a resource to provide details about the ceremony. In particular, you

  1. Reducing Resource Discovery Time by Spatio-temporal Information in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks

    E-print Network

    Wolfson, Ouri E.

    -to-Peer, Broadcast, Ad-Hoc Network. 1. INTRODUCTION A few recent papers augment routing protocols of mobile ad discovery of competitive physical resources in a vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET). Particularly, we examineReducing Resource Discovery Time by Spatio-temporal Information in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks Ouri

  2. NREL Fall 2013 Seminar Series "Using Aquatic Ecosystem Science to Inform Freshwater Resource Use and Sustainability"

    E-print Network

    MacDonald, Lee

    NREL Fall 2013 Seminar Series "Using Aquatic Ecosystem Science to Inform Freshwater Resource Use on balancing water resource use with maintaining ecological flows. However, freshwater sustainability is also affected by the combination of physical, biological and chemical transformations within aquatic ecosystems

  3. Gulf Coast Hurricanes Selected Resources in the NOAA Libraries and Information Network

    E-print Network

    Gulf Coast Hurricanes Selected Resources in the NOAA Libraries and Information Network Prepared to the rich collection of historical and current resources on Gulf Coast hurricanes held by the NOAA Libraries) chronologically by named hurricane, and 2) Topically by: Climatology, History, Storm Surge, and Other

  4. Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information: 2002 update

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David L. Wheeler; Deanna M. Church; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Joan U. Pontius; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Barbara A. Rapp

    2002-01-01

    In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources include

  5. Gene: a gene-centered information resource at NCBI.

    PubMed

    Brown, Garth R; Hem, Vichet; Katz, Kenneth S; Ovetsky, Michael; Wallin, Craig; Ermolaeva, Olga; Tolstoy, Igor; Tatusova, Tatiana; Pruitt, Kim D; Maglott, Donna R; Murphy, Terence D

    2015-01-01

    The National Center for Biotechnology Information's (NCBI) Gene database (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene) integrates gene-specific information from multiple data sources. NCBI Reference Sequence (RefSeq) genomes for viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotes are the primary foundation for Gene records in that they form the critical association between sequence and a tracked gene upon which additional functional and descriptive content is anchored. Additional content is integrated based on the genomic location and RefSeq transcript and protein sequence data. The content of a Gene record represents the integration of curation and automated processing from RefSeq, collaborating model organism databases, consortia such as Gene Ontology, and other databases within NCBI. Records in Gene are assigned unique, tracked integers as identifiers. The content (citations, nomenclature, genomic location, gene products and their attributes, phenotypes, sequences, interactions, variation details, maps, expression, homologs, protein domains and external databases) is available via interactive browsing through NCBI's Entrez system, via NCBI's Entrez programming utilities (E-Utilities and Entrez Direct) and for bulk transfer by FTP. PMID:25355515

  6. POLICY ON ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING AND APPROPRIATE USE OF COMPUTING RESOURCES, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES, AND NETWORKS (Senate 4/1/99)

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    . This Appropriate Use Policy governs the use of WSU computing resources, information technologies, and networks's computing resources, information technologies, and networks are responsible for using those resources in accordance with the law and with WSU policy. Use of WSU computing, information technologies, and networking

  7. Deriving vegetation fraction information for the alpine grassland on the Tibetan plateau using in situ spectral data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Bo; Shen, Weishou; Lin, Naifeng; Li, Ru; Yue, Yuemin

    2014-01-01

    Vegetation fraction (VF) is the indispensable factor involved in the assessment of land degradation in the inclement climate condition and harsh natural environment. Based on the analysis of an in situ spectral dataset of alpine grasslands on the Tibetan plateau, we assessed the performance of 28 widely used vegetation indices (VIs) and a spectral mixture analysis (SMA) model applied on the analytical spectral device and simulated enhanced thematic mapper (ETM)+ and Huan Jing (HJ)-1 data to select a method for retrieving VF there. The results show that simple VIs are competent for extracting VF information, and VIs with an extra blue band involved will produce a better performance. However, involvement of too many more bands does not yield much higher accuracy, indicated by the fact that hyperspectral VIs are not superior to multispectral ones in our case. The SMA model provides an acceptable accuracy as well but lower than that of VI regression. In addition, the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) values of vegetation and soil, generally, as the key parameter in the widely used NDVI-SMA model is obtained, and this would benefit the application of this model to derive VF of alpine grasslands on the Tibetan plateau with minimal or no need for field work support.

  8. Supraglacial Streams on the Greenland Ice Sheet Delineated from Combined Spectral-Shape Information in High Resolution Satellite Imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, K.; Smith, L. C.

    2012-12-01

    Supraglacial meltwater streams and lakes that form each summer across large expanses of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) ablation zone have global implications for sea level rise yet remain one of the least-studied hydrologic systems on Earth. Remote sensing of supraglacial streams is challenging owing to their narrow width (~1 - 30 m), and proximity to other features having similar visible/NIR reflectance (lakes and slush) or shape (dry stream channels, crevasses, and fractures). This presentation presents a new, automated "spectral-shape" procedure for delineating actively flowing streams in high-resolution satellite imagery, utilizing both spectral and pattern information. First, a modified Normalized Difference Water Index adapted for ice (NDWIice) enhances the spectral contrast between open water and drier snow/ice surfaces. Next, three NDWIice thresholds are used to mask deep-water lakes and discern open water from slush, in concert with a multi-points fast marching method to rejoin resulting stream fragments. Comparison of this procedure with manual digitization for six WorldView-2 images in southwestern Greenland demonstrates its value for detecting actively flowing supraglacial streams, especially in slushy areas where classification performance improves dramatically versus simple threshold methods. While a simple threshold approach is satisfactory for areas known to be slush-free, the procedure outlined here enables comprehensive stream mapping across the GrIS ablation zone, regardless of slush conditions and/or the presence of similarly shaped glaciological features.

  9. 75 FR 16173 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-31

    ...information collection is currently authorized by OMB Control Number 1076-0167, which expires March 31, 2010. The information collection...closer to 30 days than 60 days. III. Data OMB Control Number: 1076-0167. Title: Tribal Energy Resource Agreements, 25 CFR...

  10. 75 FR 4836 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-29

    ...information collection is currently authorized by OMB Control Number 1076-0167, which expires March 31, 2010. The information collection...that we will be able to do so. III. Data OMB Control Number: 1076-0167. Title: Tribal Energy Resource Agreements. Brief...

  11. Distributed geospatial information processing: sharing distributed geospatial resources to support Digital Earth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chaowei Yang; Wenwen Li; Jibo Xie; Bin Zhou

    2008-01-01

    This paper introduces a new concept, distributed geospatial information processing (DGIP), which refers to the process of geospatial information residing on computers geographically dispersed and connected through computer networks, and the contribution of DGIP to Digital Earth (DE). The DGIP plays a critical role in integrating the widely distributed geospatial resources to support the DE envisioned to utilise a wide

  12. Computer Information Systems Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) delivers resources that advance computing as a science

    E-print Network

    and assurance practices. The Information Systems Security Association (ISSA)®is a not-for-profit, internationalComputer Information Systems Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) delivers resources that advance computing as a science and a profession. ACM provides the computing field's premier Digital

  13. Information resources in the USA on new and renewable energy, a description and directory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1981-06-01

    The production dissemination, and availability of US scientific and technical information about new and renewable energy resources, the policy framework within which the technologies are developed, and the roles of public and private sectors are reported. A directory of sources of additional information, printed material, computerized data bases, institutional services, personal contacts, about the use of new and renewable energy is included.

  14. Atmospheric Sciences Information Resources in the United States--An Overview for Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layman, Mary; Smith, Shirley

    1993-01-01

    Presents an overview of the types of information and information sources available in the field of atmospheric sciences. Included are major library collections; organizations; government programs, including air pollution control regulations; electronic databases; and networking resources. Addresses are provided for all sources, and definitions of…

  15. Educating the Academic Librarian for a New Role as Information Resources Manager.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Evelyn H.

    1986-01-01

    This paper discusses the concept of information resources management using the library as touchstone; examines the academic environment and implications of changes for future academic librarianship; and suggests way of looking top-down at library/information school curriculum concentrating on three substantive components of education (theory,…

  16. New York State Forum for Information Resource Management: 1999-2000 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Forum for Information Resource Management.

    This annual report of the New York State Forum for Information Resource Management begins with a section that summarizes key activities for 1999-2000, including partnerships with other organizations, efforts to promote effective technology workforce planning in New York State government, tracking information management developments related to…

  17. Creating an Environment in Which Evaluation-Oriented Student Information Systems Can Successfully Compete for Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lolli, Anthony

    1991-01-01

    An environment that values evaluation as a means of effectively using resources is a prerequisite for development of administrative computing systems. Collaborative development of student information systems by a variety of campus offices increases the likelihood that useful information will be available to administrators for evaluating…

  18. The Use of Landsat Data in an Operational Forest Resource Information System (FRIS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. E. Goodrick

    1981-01-01

    The recent implementation of the Forest Resource Information System has provided the capability of combining classifications of Landsat data with graphical and tabular data in an operational data base system for use in forest management. Landsat data is in gridded format and is not compatible with map or graphical information which is in polygon and line format. In this system,

  19. Evaluation of an Information Resource for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulligan, Janice; Steel, Lee; MacCulloch, Radha; Nicholas, David

    2010-01-01

    This study sought to evaluate a newly created information resource book for parents of children newly diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder entitled "Autism Spectrum Disorder: Information for Parents." A purposive sample of 13 participants (comprised of mothers of children with ASD and ASD service providers) participated in 1 of 3 focus groups.…

  20. Occupational Resources: Career Information. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education). [Grade 5].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    Designed to teach migrant students about the world of work and how academic subjects relate to jobs and careers, this illustrated CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education) Occupational Resources text provides career and job information and basic job market entry skills information for junior and senior high school students written at a…

  1. Occupational Resources: Career Information. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education). [Grade 3].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    Designed to teach migrant students about the world of work and how academic subjects relate to jobs and careers, this illustrated CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education) Occupational Resources text provides career and job information and basic job market entry skills information for junior and senior high school students written at a…

  2. The Medium and the Telephone: The Politics of Information Resources. Publication 76-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Paul J.; Oettinger, Anthony G.

    The web of relations among present and prospective changes in information systems provides a background against which public policy on information and telecommunication can be assessed. Telecommunication networks, broadcast regulation, and private line services all provide resources for news dissemination to the public. The costs, prices, and…

  3. Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources: A Report to the OCLC Membership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc., 2005

    2005-01-01

    "Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources" (2005) summarizes findings of an international study on information-seeking habits and preferences. With extensive input from hundreds of librarians and OCLC staff, the OCLC Market Research team developed a project and commissioned Harris Interactive Inc. to survey a representative sample of…

  4. RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT: A LAND MANAGEMENT CASE STUDY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mario A. Rivera; Robert A. Casias

    2001-01-01

    Network analysis of information systems management is the focus of this study. Its premise is that resource scarcity will force public sector organizations to integrate and coordinate systems development tasks with other agencies in ways that will give rise to networked interorganizational capabilities. Emphasis is placed on the effect that the joint adoption by public organizations of advanced information technologies

  5. Advances in automatic extraction of earth resources information from multispectral scanner data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Erickson, J. D.

    1975-01-01

    The basis of spectral discrimination was briefly examined indicating sources of variability which tend to obscure the spectral attributes of the classes of interest. Spatial and temporal discrimination bases are also discussed. Automatic processing functions, techniques and methods, and equipment are discussed with emphasis on techniques and equipment required for operational large area surveys with satellite data. Techniques for carrying out major functions of preprocessing for signature extension, feature extraction, discrimination, display, and applications modeling were examined. A multiplicative and additive signature correction technique and a proportion estimation technique are discussed. The development of the multivariate interactive digital analysis system multispectral processor system which represents a breakthrough in cost effective high throughput processing for large area surveys from satellites and aircraft is reviewed. Applications and results are discussed briefly for agricultural crop inventories, environmental monitoring, and resources surveys from ERIM LANDSAT and EREP investigations to indicate the substantial progress achieved to date.

  6. Understanding Intention to Use Electronic Information Resources: A Theoretical Extension of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

    PubMed Central

    Tao, Donghua

    2008-01-01

    This study extended the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) by examining the roles of two aspects of e-resource characteristics, namely, information quality and system quality, in predicting public health students’ intention to use e-resources for completing research paper assignments. Both focus groups and a questionnaire were used to collect data. Descriptive analysis, data screening, and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) techniques were used for data analysis. The study found that perceived usefulness played a major role in determining students’ intention to use e-resources. Perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use fully mediated the impact that information quality and system quality had on behavior intention. The research model enriches the existing technology acceptance literature by extending TAM. Representing two aspects of e-resource characteristics provides greater explanatory information for diagnosing problems of system design, development, and implementation. PMID:18999300

  7. Using 2D correlation analysis to enhance spectral information available from highly spatially resolved AFM-IR spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marcott, Curtis; Lo, Michael; Hu, Qichi; Kjoller, Kevin; Boskey, Adele; Noda, Isao

    2014-07-01

    The recent combination of atomic force microscopy and infrared spectroscopy (AFM-IR) has led to the ability to obtain IR spectra with nanoscale spatial resolution, nearly two orders-of-magnitude better than conventional Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy. This advanced methodology can lead to significantly sharper spectral features than are typically seen in conventional IR spectra of inhomogeneous materials, where a wider range of molecular environments are coaveraged by the larger sample cross section being probed. In this work, two-dimensional (2D) correlation analysis is used to examine position sensitive spectral variations in datasets of closely spaced AFM-IR spectra. This analysis can reveal new key insights, providing a better understanding of the new spectral information that was previously hidden under broader overlapped spectral features. Two examples of the utility of this new approach are presented. Two-dimensional correlation analysis of a set of AFM-IR spectra were collected at 200-nm increments along a line through a nucleation site generated by remelting a small spot on a thin film of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate). There are two different crystalline carbonyl band components near 1720 cm-1 that sequentially disappear before a band at 1740 cm-1 due to more disordered material appears. In the second example, 2D correlation analysis of a series of AFM-IR spectra spaced every 1 ?m of a thin cross section of a bone sample measured outward from an osteon center of bone growth. There are many changes in the amide I and phosphate band contours, suggesting changes in the bone structure are occurring as the bone matures.

  8. Electronic human resource management and organizational innovation: the roles of information technology and virtual organizational structure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liang-Hung Lin

    2011-01-01

    In the information age, firms increasingly incorporate information technologies (ITs) into human resource management (HRM) to cope with technological challenges. HR managers can achieve their goals with the analyzed information produced by IT. Besides, with the help of the evolving IT, HRM has entered into electronic-HRM (e-HRM) era with features of self-service and intranet based. Since e-HRM is gaining more

  9. 29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE

    E-print Network

    29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE 29.01.03.M1 Security of Electronic Information Resources Approved May 27, 2002 Revised May 28, 2009 Revised October 15, report and transmit information. Information Security Awareness Assessment and Compliance (ISAAC

  10. U. S. Department of Education Information Resources Management (IRM) Strategic Plan, FY2010-2014. Version 1.5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Chief Information Officer (CIO) at the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) has primary responsibility to ensure that Information Technology (IT) is acquired and information resources are managed in a manner consistent with statutory, regulatory, and Departmental requirements and priorities. This Department Information Resources

  11. Study on the digitized and quantified evaluating method for the super information cluster of traditional Chinese medicine ultraviolet spectral fingerprints

    PubMed Central

    Li, Lifeng; Liu, Zhongbo; Li, Yanfei

    2013-01-01

    The theories of ultraviolet spectral fingerprint (UVFP) index, information index, fluctuation index, information fluctuation index combined with the quantified UV fingerprint method (QUFM) had been established and put into practice in the Ginkgo Tablets (GT) quality evaluation. The flowing injection analysis (FIA) coupled with a diode array detector was applied as a novel method to obtain the UVFP in the region of 190-400 nm at which the absorption can reflect all the information of the chemical constituents contained ???*, n??* and n??* transition. The result showed that all batches were qualified (Grade ?3) except S8 for its too high contents. It was proved that this method made the expression of superposed information in UVFP of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) digitized and simple. What’s more, an approach which can test the total chemical content with the chromophoric characteristics in the complex system of TCM rapidly, simply and accurately was achieved by the application of QUFM. In one word, it made the exploration of the general characteristic information of the molecular absorption complex TCM in the ultraviolet regions feasible and possible. PMID:25332974

  12. Information resources for assessing health effects from chemical exposure: Challenges, priorities, and future issues

    SciTech Connect

    Seigel, S. [National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    1990-12-31

    Issues related to developing information resources for assessing the health effects from chemical exposure include the question of how to address the individual political issues relevant to identifying and determining the timeliness, scientific credibility, and completeness of such kinds of information resources. One of the important ways for agencies to share information is through connection tables. This type of software is presently being used to build information products for some DHHS agencies. One of the challenges will be to convince vendors of data of the importance of trying to make data files available to communities that need them. In the future, information processing will be conducted with neural networks, object-oriented database management systems, and fuzzy-set technologies, and meta analysis techniques.

  13. The Zebrafish Information Network (ZFIN): a resource for genetic, genomic and developmental research.

    PubMed

    Sprague, J; Doerry, E; Douglas, S; Westerfield, M

    2001-01-01

    The Zebrafish Information Network, ZFIN, is a WWW community resource of zebrafish genetic, genomic and developmental research information (http://zfin.org). ZFIN provides an anatomical atlas and dictionary, developmental staging criteria, research methods, pathology information and a link to the ZFIN relational database (http://zfin. org/ZFIN/). The database, built on a relational, object-oriented model, provides integrated information about mutants, genes, genetic markers, mapping panels, publications and contact information for the zebrafish research community. The database is populated with curated published data, user submitted data and large dataset uploads. A broad range of data types including text, images, graphical representations and genetic maps supports the data. ZFIN incorporates links to other genomic resources that provide sequence and ortholog data. Zebrafish nomenclature guidelines and an automated registration mechanism for new names are provided. Extensive usability testing has resulted in an easy to learn and use forms interface with complex searching capabilities. PMID:11125057

  14. An endmember extraction strategy for geometrical methods based on spectral-spatial information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beauchemin, M.

    2011-11-01

    A two-step strategy for endmember extraction is presented. The goal of the first step is to create two pools of spectra, one containing potential endmember candidates and the other one representing spectra that are unquestionably convex combinations (mixed spectra). The second step consists in the application of a sub-optimal subset search method that is applied for best endmember combination. In the first step, vector order statistics are used to identify a medoid spectrum within non-overlapping spatial windows. Endmember extraction based on the iterative error analysis algorithm is then performed on the medoid subset to identify a set of medoid endmembers. The latter are subsequently used to spectrally unmix the original dataset. Spectra that are outside the hyper-surface (outliers) derived from the medoid endmembers represent the pool of potential endmembers. Medoid spectra residing inside the hyper-surface (inliers) constitute the mixed spectra pool. The inliers/outliers status of each spectrum of the original dataset is derived from conditions on their computed unmixing fraction values. Clustering analysis is next performed on the endmember pool of candidates to produce a set of exemplars. Spectral screening is applied on the inliers set to eliminate redundancy. In the second step, the oscillating feature subset search algorithm is applied to identify the endmember combination that best reconstruct, in the least squares sense, the spectra in the joint pools. Results of the proposed strategy are presented for synthetic and real hyperspectral data.

  15. The Web as an Information Resource in K-12 Education: Strategies for Supporting Students in Searching and Processing Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuiper, Els; Volman, Monique; Terwel, Jan

    2005-01-01

    The use of the Web in K-12 education has increased substantially in recent years. The Web, however, does not support the learning processes of students as a matter of course. In this review, the authors analyze what research says about the demands that the use of the Web as an information resource in education makes on the support and supervision…

  16. A hybrid human and machine resource curation pipeline for the Neuroscience Information Framework.

    PubMed

    Bandrowski, A E; Cachat, J; Li, Y; Müller, H M; Sternberg, P W; Ciccarese, P; Clark, T; Marenco, L; Wang, R; Astakhov, V; Grethe, J S; Martone, M E

    2012-01-01

    The breadth of information resources available to researchers on the Internet continues to expand, particularly in light of recently implemented data-sharing policies required by funding agencies. However, the nature of dense, multifaceted neuroscience data and the design of contemporary search engine systems makes efficient, reliable and relevant discovery of such information a significant challenge. This challenge is specifically pertinent for online databases, whose dynamic content is 'hidden' from search engines. The Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF; http://www.neuinfo.org) was funded by the NIH Blueprint for Neuroscience Research to address the problem of finding and utilizing neuroscience-relevant resources such as software tools, data sets, experimental animals and antibodies across the Internet. From the outset, NIF sought to provide an accounting of available resources, whereas developing technical solutions to finding, accessing and utilizing them. The curators therefore, are tasked with identifying and registering resources, examining data, writing configuration files to index and display data and keeping the contents current. In the initial phases of the project, all aspects of the registration and curation processes were manual. However, as the number of resources grew, manual curation became impractical. This report describes our experiences and successes with developing automated resource discovery and semiautomated type characterization with text-mining scripts that facilitate curation team efforts to discover, integrate and display new content. We also describe the DISCO framework, a suite of automated web services that significantly reduce manual curation efforts to periodically check for resource updates. Lastly, we discuss DOMEO, a semi-automated annotation tool that improves the discovery and curation of resources that are not necessarily website-based (i.e. reagents, software tools). Although the ultimate goal of automation was to reduce the workload of the curators, it has resulted in valuable analytic by-products that address accessibility, use and citation of resources that can now be shared with resource owners and the larger scientific community. DATABASE URL: http://neuinfo.org. PMID:22434839

  17. Indian aspects of drug information resources and impact of drug information centre on community.

    PubMed

    Chauhan, Nitesh; Moin, Sabeeya; Pandey, Anushree; Mittal, Ashu; Bajaj, Umakant

    2013-04-01

    Drug information centre refer to facility specially set aside for, and specializing in the provision of drug information and related issues. The purpose of drug information center is to provide authentic individualized, accurate, relevant and unbiased drug information to the consumers and healthcare professionals regarding medication related inquiries to the nation for health care and drug safety aspects by answering their call regarding the all critical problems on drug information, their uses and their side effects. Apart from that the center also provides in-depth, impartial source of crucial drug information to meet the needs of the practicing physicians, pharmacists and other health care professionals to safeguard the health, financial and legal interests of the patient and to broaden the pharmacist role visible in the society and community. The service should include collecting, reviewing, evaluating, indexing and distributing information on drugs to health workers. Drug and poisons information centers are best established within major teaching hospitals. This allows access to clinical experience, libraries, research facilities and educational activities. Information present in the current paper will not only enlighten the role of drug information center but also focused on the rational use of drug. PMID:23833748

  18. Indian aspects of drug information resources and impact of drug information centre on community

    PubMed Central

    Chauhan, Nitesh; Moin, Sabeeya; Pandey, Anushree; Mittal, Ashu; Bajaj, Umakant

    2013-01-01

    Drug information centre refer to facility specially set aside for, and specializing in the provision of drug information and related issues. The purpose of drug information center is to provide authentic individualized, accurate, relevant and unbiased drug information to the consumers and healthcare professionals regarding medication related inquiries to the nation for health care and drug safety aspects by answering their call regarding the all critical problems on drug information, their uses and their side effects. Apart from that the center also provides in-depth, impartial source of crucial drug information to meet the needs of the practicing physicians, pharmacists and other health care professionals to safeguard the health, financial and legal interests of the patient and to broaden the pharmacist role visible in the society and community. The service should include collecting, reviewing, evaluating, indexing and distributing information on drugs to health workers. Drug and poisons information centers are best established within major teaching hospitals. This allows access to clinical experience, libraries, research facilities and educational activities. Information present in the current paper will not only enlighten the role of drug information center but also focused on the rational use of drug. PMID:23833748

  19. Coalition-Based Resource Negotiation for Multimedia Applications in Informationally Decentralized Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mihaela van der Schaar

    2009-01-01

    Designing efficient and fair solutions for dividing the network resources in a distributed manner among self-interested multimedia users is recently becoming an important research topic because heterogeneous and high bandwidth multimedia applications (users), having different quality-of-service requirements, are sharing the same network. Suitable resource negotiation solutions need to explicitly consider the amount of information exchanged among the users and the

  20. Hyperspectral/spatial detection of edges (HySPADE): an algorithm for spatial and spectral analysis of hyperspectral information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Resmini, Ronald G.

    2004-08-01

    An algorithm for hyperspectral edge detection is presented. HySPADE (for hyperspectral/spatial detection of edges) simultaneously utilizes spectral and spatial information. HySPADE accepts as input a hyperspectral information (HSI) data cube; VNIR/SWIR radiance and reflectance spectra are used here. A transformed data cube is contructed by finding the spectral angle (SA) between each pixel in the original data cube with every other pixel in the same cube. Thus, band 1 of the tansformed cube contains the SA of the spectrum in pixel location (1,1) of the original cube with every other spectrum. Band 2 of the transformed cube contains the SA value of the pixel at location (1,2) with every other spectrum in the cube; and so on. In practice, HySPADE is applied to an N x N window of the original HSI cube; thus the transformed SA cube has dimensions of N samples x N lines x (NxN) bands. Each spectrum in the transformed SA cube contains information about spatial changes in composition of materials as they occur within the scene: the band number of each spectrum in the SA cube is easily translated into the (sample, line) address in the original HSI cube. Each spectrum in the transformed SA cube is analyzed with a one-dimensional edge-detector; a first-order finite-difference is used. Band number coordinates of detected edges are transformed back into (sample, line) addresses in the original HSI cube and mapped to form an edge-detected image. HySPADE output is shown. Extensions of the HySPADE concept are suggested as are applications for HySPADE in HSI analysis and exploitation.

  1. Earth resources shuttle imaging radar. [systems analysis and design analysis of pulse radar for earth resources information system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    A report is presented on a preliminary design of a Synthetic Array Radar (SAR) intended for experimental use with the space shuttle program. The radar is called Earth Resources Shuttle Imaging Radar (ERSIR). Its primary purpose is to determine the usefulness of SAR in monitoring and managing earth resources. The design of the ERSIR, along with tradeoffs made during its evolution is discussed. The ERSIR consists of a flight sensor for collecting the raw radar data and a ground sensor used both for reducing these radar data to images and for extracting earth resources information from the data. The flight sensor consists of two high powered coherent, pulse radars, one that operates at L and the other at X-band. Radar data, recorded on tape can be either transmitted via a digital data link to a ground terminal or the tape can be delivered to the ground station after the shuttle lands. A description of data processing equipment and display devices is given.

  2. INFORMATION RESOURCES...

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    purposes only. No access to internet, or other software programs from this PC Please check that your H the necessary settings and select Copy Scanned image will be sent to the Pharos station Log into Pharos station

  3. INFORMATION RESOURCES...

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    purposes only. No access to internet, or other software programs from this PC Please check that your H and select Copy Scanned image will be sent to the Pharos station Log into Pharos station to print To Scan

  4. AIRBORNE REMOTELY SENSED INFORMATION FOR PESTICIDAL TRANSGENIC CROPS: HOW SPECTRAL IMAGING MAY PLAY A ROLE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The importance of sustainability to Bt crops. Resistance management as a sustainability strategy. The importance of data quality to sustainability and regulation of Bt Crops. Where information improvement can be useful across the globe....

  5. Information In 1985; A Forecasting Study of Information Needs and Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderla, Georges

    As a part of the program of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Information Policy Group, this report is intended to contribute to discussions of policy formulation in the field of information. The author presents a quantitative retrospect of the group of scientific literature and forecasts the future growth of the…

  6. Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 2: Policies and Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

    Seven papers and one abstract of a paper are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on policies and standards issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "University/College Information System Structures and Policies: Do They Make a Difference? An Initial Assessment" (Bruce…

  7. State Bioenergy Primer: Information and Resources for States on Issues, Opportunities, and Options for Advancing Bioenergy

    SciTech Connect

    Byrnett, D. S.; Mulholland, D.; Zinsmeister, E.; Doris, E.; Milbrandt, A.; Robichaud. R.; Stanley, R.; Vimmerstedt, L.

    2009-09-01

    One renewable energy option that states frequently consider to meet their clean energy goals is the use of biomass resources to develop bioenergy. Bioenergy includes bioheat, biopower, biofuels, and bioproducts. This document provides an overview of biomass feedstocks, basic information about biomass conversion technologies, and a discussion of benefits and challenges of bioenergy options. The Primer includes a step-wise framework, resources, and tools for determining the availability of feedstocks, assessing potential markets for biomass, and identifying opportunities for action at the state level. Each chapter contains a list of selected resources and tools that states can use to explore topics in further detail.

  8. Further Analysis on Resource Allocation in Wireless Communications Under Imperfect Channel State Information

    E-print Network

    Huang, Dong; Miao, Chunyan; Man, Zhihong; Leung, Cyril

    2009-01-01

    For practical wireless transmissions, a transmitter cannot always receive the channel state information (CSI) perfectly due to feedback delay, estimation error and quantization error. Therefore, the prescribed quality of service (QoS) requirements, such as bit error rate (BER), can not be guaranteed and the system performance will then be degenerated. In this paper, the resource allocation for wireless transmission with the Doppler effect is investigated, and a new resources allocation method based on the system dynamics is developed. It is shown that, unlike the existing resource allocation methods based on mean feedback, the new method in this paper can not only reduce the effect of imperfect CSI on the given BER, but also improve the efficiency of resource allocation. The wireless systems equipped with the new resource allocation scheme behave with strong robustness with respect to the change of the correlation coefficient. In addition, by properly choosing the control parameters, the scheme can further im...

  9. Spectral luminescence and information characteristics of transparent lead fluoride nano-glass-ceramics doped with erbium ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aseev, V. A.; Varaksa, Yu. A.; Klement'eva, A. V.; Kolobkova, E. V.; Nikonorov, N. V.; Sinitsyn, G. V.; Khodasevich, M. A.

    2010-05-01

    Spectral luminescence properties of synthesized transparent nano-glass-ceramics doped with erbium ions are studied. It is shown that, as a result of the secondary heat treatment of nano-glass-ceramics, the width of the luminescence spectrum at half maximum increases more than by 15 nm. Luminescence life-time dependences of erbium ions in studied samples are measured, their absorption cross-sections are determined, and their emission cross-sections are calculated by the McCumber method. Spectral and ultimate information characteristics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers based on synthesized nano-glass-ceramics are numerically simulated. It is shown that, in the unsaturated gain regime, a substantial ripple of the absorption and emission cross-section spectra and shorter lifetime of the metastable level of the erbium ion reduce the pumping radiation power that is required for obtaining the given peak gain, narrow the gain spectra, and lower the transmission capacity of devices based on nano-glass-ceramics compared to the initial glass. Conversely, fiber amplifiers based on calcium fluoride glass-ceramics, for which the lifetime of the metastable level increases with increasing annealing temperature, have an advantage in the transmission capacity over devices based on the primary glass.

  10. Musical ability and non-native speech-sound processing are linked through sensitivity to pitch and spectral information.

    PubMed

    Kempe, Vera; Bublitz, Dennis; Brooks, Patricia J

    2015-05-01

    Is the observed link between musical ability and non-native speech-sound processing due to enhanced sensitivity to acoustic features underlying both musical and linguistic processing? To address this question, native English speakers (N = 118) discriminated Norwegian tonal contrasts and Norwegian vowels. Short tones differing in temporal, pitch, and spectral characteristics were used to measure sensitivity to the various acoustic features implicated in musical and speech processing. Musical ability was measured using Gordon's Advanced Measures of Musical Audiation. Results showed that sensitivity to specific acoustic features played a role in non-native speech-sound processing: Controlling for non-verbal intelligence, prior foreign language-learning experience, and sex, sensitivity to pitch and spectral information partially mediated the link between musical ability and discrimination of non-native vowels and lexical tones. The findings suggest that while sensitivity to certain acoustic features partially mediates the relationship between musical ability and non-native speech-sound processing, complex tests of musical ability also tap into other shared mechanisms. PMID:25220831

  11. Caribbean Equal Access Program: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine

    SciTech Connect

    Nancy Dancy, NLM, and Wilma Templin-Branner, ORISE

    2009-01-01

    As the treatment and management of HIV/AIDS continues to evolve with new scientific breakthroughs, treatment discoveries, and management challenges, it is difficult for people living with HIV/AIDS and those who care for them to keep up with the latest information on HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, and research. The National Library of Medicine, of the National Institutes of Health, has a wealth of health information resources freely available on the Internet to address these needs.

  12. Federated access to heterogeneous information resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF).

    PubMed

    Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Müller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W; Martone, Maryann E

    2008-09-01

    The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

  13. Federated Access to Heterogeneous Information Resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF)

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Müller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L.; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S.; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W.; Martone, Maryann E.

    2009-01-01

    The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov. PMID:18958629

  14. Use of selected toxicology information resources in assessing relationships between chemical structure and biological activity.

    PubMed Central

    Wassom, J S

    1985-01-01

    This paper addresses the subject of the use of selected toxicology information resources in assessing relationships between chemical structure and specific biological end points. To assist the researcher in how to access the primary literature of genetic toxicology, teratogenesis, and carcinogenesis, three specific specialized information centers are discussed--Environmental Mutagen Information Center, Environmental Teratology Information Center, and Environmental Carcinogenesis Information Center. Also included are descriptions of information resources that contain evaluated (peer-reviewed) biological research results. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Genetic Toxicology Program, the International Agency for Research on Cancer Monographs, and the Toxicology Data Bank are the best sources currently available to obtain peer-reviewed results for compounds tested for genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, and other toxicological end points. The value of published information lies in its use. It has become evident that most information cannot be accepted at face value for interpretation and analysis when subjected to stringent quality evaluation criteria. This deficit can be corrected by rigid editorship and the cognizance of authors. Increased interest in alternative methods to in vivo animal testing will be exemplified by use of short-term bioassays and in structure-activity relationship studies. With respect to this latter area, it must be remembered that mechanically (computer generated) derived data cannot substitute, at least at this stage, for data obtained from actual animal testing. The future of structure-activity relationship studies will rest only in their use as a predictive tool. PMID:4065070

  15. 29.01.03. M1.19 Information Resources Security Awareness Training Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    29.01.03. M1.19 Information Resources ­ Security Awareness Training Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.19 Information Resources ­ Security Awareness and Training Approved July 18 Administrative Procedure Statement Understanding the importance of information security and individual

  16. PROBABILITIES OF PEAK OCCURRENCE AND INFORMATION CONTENT OF THE NBS/EPA/MSDC MASS SPECTRAL DATABASE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The probabilities of peak occurrence and binary information contents were calculated for the 43990 mass spectra in the 1987 NBS/EPA/MSDC database. he median molecular weight of compounds in the database was 230. ompounds composed of combinations of C, H, N, and 0 comprised 64% of...

  17. MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH CONFERENCE 2001 Reducing Inter-Session Variability With Transitional Spectral Information

    E-print Network

    transitional information. A verifi- cation and identification system based on the Gaussian Mixture Model; allow automated control of services by voice, such as banking transactions and also control the flow of identification, speech can be seen as a non-invasive biometric that can be collected with or without the speakers

  18. Information enhancement, metrics, and data fusion in spectral and polarimetric images of natural scenes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Duggin; William R. Glass; Elizabeth R. Cabot; David Bowers; David Wellems; Paul Alsing

    2007-01-01

    In order to understand the phenomenology of optimum data acquisition and analysis and to develop an understanding of capabilities, field measurements of multiband, polarimetric data can substantially assist in developing a methodology to collect and to exploit feature signatures. In 1999, Duggin showed that images obtained with an 8-bit camera used as a polarimeter could yield additional information to that

  19. Earth and Planetary Science 120/Energy and Resources 130 Fall 2005 Analysis of Environmental Data Organizational Information

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    Earth and Planetary Science 120/Energy and Resources 130 Fall 2005 Analysis of Environmental Data Organizational Information Registration: Earth and Planetary Science C120 -- or -- Energy and Resources C130

  20. Useful Online Information, Resources, and Interventions for Speech Language Pathologists and Teachers of Students with Autistic Spectrum Disorders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polirstok, Susan Rovet; Lesser, Diane R.

    2003-01-01

    This articles lists online information resources related to educating students with autism. Web sites are included for characteristics of autism (11), national organizations (8), resources (9), educational and therapeutic interventions (11), treatment centers (3), and training materials (4). (CR)

  1. 78 FR 37567 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ...Development Office (IEED) authorized by OMB Control Number 1076-0167. This information collection expires June 30, 2013...that we will be able to do so. III. Data OMB Control Number: 1076-0167. Title: Tribal Energy Resource Agreements, 25 CFR...

  2. Using Information Resources. Tierra de Oportunidad Module 14. LAES: Latino Adult Education Services Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kissam, Ed; Dorsey, Holda

    This module, which may be used as the basis for a workshop or as a special topic unit in adult basic education or English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses, addresses how to access and use information resources in order to function in the workplace and in daily living. Topics covered include the following: analyzing newspaper articles; preparing…

  3. Preservation and Conservation of Information Resources in the University of Zambia Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanyengo, Christine Wamunyima

    2009-01-01

    Preservation and conservation of library materials is an important aspect of library and information management. Their importance and necessity are more paramount in countries where resources are limited and libraries need to balance them with the needs of an ever increasing number of students hoping to use them. This article reports on the…

  4. SER-LARS, Volume 9. Resource Volume on Test Information. 1975-76 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Intermediate Unit 23, Blue Bell, PA.

    The ninth volume in the SER-LARS (Special Education Resources Location Analysis and Retrieval System) series, a diagnostic-prescriptive instructional data bank for teachers of the handicapped, presents information on tests used for measuring intelligence and mental maturity; general achievement/readiness; reading; mathematics;…

  5. Quality of Information assurance using phenomena-aware resource management in sensor networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrei Tolstikov; Chen-Khong Tham; Jit Biswas

    2006-01-01

    Sensor networks which react to the state of phenomena they are monitoring are becoming increasingly important These networks are expected to execute additional queries or applications when the state of monitored phenomena is changing and, in general, have a dynamic set of applications deployed. In these kinds of networks resource management becomes an important issue, as the quality of information

  6. The Humanities: Resources and Information Systems. Outline and Bibliography. Bibliographic Studies Number Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemke, Antje B.

    The contents of this course outline on resources and information in the humanities are mainly bibliographic. The subjects covered are: humanities in general; religion and theology; philosophy; visual arts, including archaeology, architecture, and photography; music; and literature and linguistics. The scope of the subject is outlined for each…

  7. Designing a Global Information Resource for Molecular Biology (Short Paper) 1 .

    E-print Network

    Leser, Ulf

    1 Designing a Global Information Resource for Molecular Biology (Short Paper) 1 . Ulf Leser@cs.tu­berlin.de. Abstract. Research in molecular biology is continuously producing an immense amount of data that molecular biology is posing to data integration. We present our approach to cope with these problems

  8. Amorphous Placement and Informed Diffusion for Timely Field Monitoring by Autonomous, Resource-Constrained, Mobile Sensors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hany Morcos; Azer Bestavros; Ibrahim Matta

    2008-01-01

    Personal communication devices are increasingly equipped with sensors for passive monitoring of encounters and surroundings. We envision the emergence of services that enable a community of mobile users carrying such resource-limited devices to query such information at remote locations in the field in which they collectively roam. One approach to implement such a service is directed placement and retrieval (DPR),

  9. 78 FR 19005 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-28

    In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Assistant Secretary--Indian Affairs is seeking comments on the renewal of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approval for the collection of information titled ``Tribal Energy Resource Agreements'' (TERAs) under the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development Office (IEED) authorized by OMB Control Number 1076-0167. This......

  10. Resources to Inform Technical Assistance on Formative Assessment. CEELO FastFacts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connors-Tadros, L.; Schilder, D.

    2013-01-01

    In this "FastFacts," a state requested recommendations about research and practical resources to inform technical assistance conducted with state education staff on formative assessment. The Center on Enhancing Early Learning Outcomes (CEELO) responds by describing what is currently known on this topic. Formative assessment is one key…

  11. ANL site response for the DOE FY1994 information resources management long-range plan

    SciTech Connect

    Boxberger, L.M.

    1992-03-01

    Argonne National Laboratory`s ANL Site Response for the DOE FY1994 Information Resources Management (IRM) Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 500) is one of many contributions to the DOE information resources management long-range planning process and, as such, is an integral part of the DOE policy and program planning system. The Laboratory has constructed this response according to instructions in a Call issued in September 1991 by the DOE Office of IRM Policy, Plans and Oversight. As one of a continuing series, this Site Response is an update and extension of the Laboratory`s previous submissions. The response contains both narrative and tabular material. It covers an eight-year period consisting of the base year (FY1991), the current year (FY1992), the budget year (FY1993), the plan year (FY1994), and the out years (FY1995-FY1998). This Site Response was compiled by Argonne National Laboratory`s Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD), which has the responsibility to provide leadership in optimizing computing and information services and disseminating computer-related technologies throughout the Laboratory. The Site Response consists of 5 parts: (1) a site overview, describes the ANL mission, overall organization structure, the strategic approach to meet information resource needs, the planning process, major issues and points of contact. (2) a software plan for DOE contractors, Part 2B, ``Software Plan FMS plan for DOE organizations, (3) computing resources telecommunications, (4) telecommunications, (5) printing and publishing.

  12. ANL site response for the DOE FY1994 information resources management long-range plan

    SciTech Connect

    Boxberger, L.M.

    1992-03-01

    Argonne National Laboratory's ANL Site Response for the DOE FY1994 Information Resources Management (IRM) Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 500) is one of many contributions to the DOE information resources management long-range planning process and, as such, is an integral part of the DOE policy and program planning system. The Laboratory has constructed this response according to instructions in a Call issued in September 1991 by the DOE Office of IRM Policy, Plans and Oversight. As one of a continuing series, this Site Response is an update and extension of the Laboratory's previous submissions. The response contains both narrative and tabular material. It covers an eight-year period consisting of the base year (FY1991), the current year (FY1992), the budget year (FY1993), the plan year (FY1994), and the out years (FY1995-FY1998). This Site Response was compiled by Argonne National Laboratory's Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD), which has the responsibility to provide leadership in optimizing computing and information services and disseminating computer-related technologies throughout the Laboratory. The Site Response consists of 5 parts: (1) a site overview, describes the ANL mission, overall organization structure, the strategic approach to meet information resource needs, the planning process, major issues and points of contact. (2) a software plan for DOE contractors, Part 2B, Software Plan FMS plan for DOE organizations, (3) computing resources telecommunications, (4) telecommunications, (5) printing and publishing.

  13. Council on Library and Information Resources: Annual Report, 2007-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council on Library and Information Resources, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This annual report of the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) contains an overview of activities of the Council between July 1, 2007 and June 30, 2008. These include programs, advisory groups, grants and contracts, and financial statements. It also includes a list of staff, a letter from the chairperson Paula Kaufman, and a message…

  14. A Personalised Information Support System for Searching Portals and E-Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sirisha, B. S.; Jeevan, V. K. J.; Raja Kumar, R. V.; Goswami, A.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of a personalised information support system to help faculty members to search various portals and e-resources without typing the search terms in different interfaces and to obtain results re-ordered without human intervention. Design/methodology/approach: After a careful survey of…

  15. A Case Study: Using Groupware to Build the Air Force Information Resource Management (IRM) Strategic Plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denise Gober Shortt

    1997-01-01

    The Deputy Assistant Secretary for Communications, Computer and Support Systems (SAF\\/AQK) requested Air Force Management Engineering Agency (AFMEA) assistance in developing a strategic plan for Air Force Information Resources Management (IRM). In the past, AFMEA had developed its own strategic plan but this was the first such request from a client. One of the primacy reasons SAF\\/AQK approached AFMEA was

  16. Natural Resource Information System. Volume II. System Operating Procedures and Instructions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boeing Computer Services, Inc., Seattle, WA.

    This report provides a total computer software system description for the prototype Natural Resource Information System designed to store, process, and display data of maximum usefulness to land management decision making. Program modules are described, as are the computer file design, file updating methods, digitizing process, and paper tape…

  17. For Information on Programs or Resources: confuciusinstitute.bu alo.edu

    E-print Network

    McCombe, Bruce D.

    For Information on Programs or Resources: confuciusinstitute.bu alo.edu Eric Yang, Executive Director (716) 645-7919 wenzhong@bu alo.edu Peggy Du, Associate Director (716) 645-6480 duxiaope@bu alo.edu 202-204 Baldy Hall University at Bu alo, SUNY Bu alo, NY 14260 C C In partnership with local Chinese

  18. Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

    2010-01-01

    The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be…

  19. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND WATER RESOURCES IV AWRA SPRING SPECIALTY CONFERENCE

    E-print Network

    INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND WATER RESOURCES IV AWRA SPRING SPECIALTY CONFERENCE Houston, Texas May 8-10, 2006 of the pollutant transport. These simulations, once verified with the in situ Saginaw Bay water quality data to effective water quality and ecosystem management. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

  20. Design and implementation to intelligent online exam system for course Information Resource Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ming Xiao; Liyang He

    2010-01-01

    Compared with the traditional exam, online examination system can greatly enhance the evaluation capacities, reduce the human input and improve the work efficiencies. So it has considerable economical efficiency and broad prospect. Examination is used in course Information Resource Management in order to solve the problems in evaluating. An intelligent online exam system is developed and the examination library of

  1. Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist

    E-print Network

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    . In addition to videodisks and CD-ROMs, hundreds of anatomy web sites present Visible Human and other1 Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist for learning and teaching anatomy as medical students, and have also examined available anatomy web sites

  2. Unsupervised Change Detection in High Resolution Satellite Imagery from Fusion of Spectral and Spatial Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yonghong Li; Curt H. Davis

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we present an unsupervised change detection approach that combines pixel-based local Haar-like features, color information, vegetation index, and man-made structure features using fuzzy logic rules to provide multi-level change detection results. An illumination invariant descriptor for each pixel is introduced to describe a Haar-like feature in a local area. Hue is used as a color feature in

  3. Spectral Efficiency Enhancement in the Multi-user MIMO Downlink With Partial Feedback Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erlin Zeng; Shihua Zhu; Xuewen Liao

    2006-01-01

    In the multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) downlink, co-channel interference (CCI) is the dominating impairment of the system performance. When channel state information (CSI) is completely available to the transmitter, a precoder rightly chosen based on the current CSI can effectively suppress CCI, and thus leads to simpler receiver structure. However, design of precoder based on only partial CSI is still

  4. Overcoming Terminology Barrier Using Web Resources for Cross-Language Medical Information Retrieval

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Wen-Hsiang; Lin, Ray Shih-Jui; Chan, Yi-Che; Chen, Kuan-Hsi

    2006-01-01

    A number of authoritative medical websites, such as PubMed and MedlinePlus, provide consumers with the most up-to-date health information. However, non-English speakers often encounter not only language barriers (from other languages to English) but also terminology barriers (from laypersons’ terms to professional medical terms) when retrieving information from these websites. Our previous work addresses language barriers by developing a multilingual medical thesaurus, Chinese-English MeSH, while this study presents an approach to overcome terminology barriers based on Web resources. Two techniques were utilized in our approach: monolingual concept mapping using approximate string matching and crosslingual concept mapping using Web resources. The evaluation shows that our approach can significantly improve the performance on MeSH concept mapping and cross-language medical information retrieval. PMID:17238395

  5. Use of feature extraction techniques for the texture and context information in ERTS imagery: Spectral and textural processing of ERTS imagery. [classification of Kansas land use

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haralick, R. H. (principal investigator); Bosley, R. J.

    1974-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. A procedure was developed to extract cross-band textural features from ERTS MSS imagery. Evolving from a single image texture extraction procedure which uses spatial dependence matrices to measure relative co-occurrence of nearest neighbor grey tones, the cross-band texture procedure uses the distribution of neighboring grey tone N-tuple differences to measure the spatial interrelationships, or co-occurrences, of the grey tone N-tuples present in a texture pattern. In both procedures, texture is characterized in such a way as to be invariant under linear grey tone transformations. However, the cross-band procedure complements the single image procedure by extracting texture information and spectral information contained in ERTS multi-images. Classification experiments show that when used alone, without spectral processing, the cross-band texture procedure extracts more information than the single image texture analysis. Results show an improvement in average correct classification from 86.2% to 88.8% for ERTS image no. 1021-16333 with the cross-band texture procedure. However, when used together with spectral features, the single image texture plus spectral features perform better than the cross-band texture plus spectral features, with an average correct classification of 93.8% and 91.6%, respectively.

  6. Capture, Storage and Reuse of Lessons about Information Resources: Supporting Task-Based Information Search

    E-print Network

    Leake, David B.

    -Based Information Search David B. Leake, Travis Bauer, Ana Maguitman and David C. Wilson Computer Science Department Livingston and John Melton at NASA Ames Research Center, and of Alberto Ca~nas and the Concept Mapping group- ferent courses of action, generating feasibility studies, generating or re ning designs, etc.

  7. Items and Process Management of Libraries' Digital Information Service - A Case Study on Tsinghua University Library Homepage and Its Academic Information Resource Portal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lin Yuan; Han Dong; Ran Zheng

    2011-01-01

    Purpose) We carry on a research to study the optimization of the items and process management of libraries' digital information service. (Method) By examining Tsinghua University Library Homepage and Academic Information Resource Portal from the perspective of items and process management of libraries' digital information service, authors analyze the status of items and process management of libraries' digital information service.

  8. Spectral classification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaschek, C.

    Taxonomic classification of astronomically observed stellar objects is described in terms of spectral properties. Stars receive a classification containing a letter, number, and a Roman numeral, which relates the star to other stars of higher or lower Roman numerals. The citation indicates the stellar chromatic emission in relation to the wavelengths of other stars. Standards are chosen from the available objects detected. Various classification schemes such as the MK, HD, and the Barbier-Chalonge-Divan systems are defined, including examples of indexing differences. Details delineating the separations between classifications are discussed with reference to the information content in spectral and in photometric classification schemes. The parameters usually used for classification include the temperature, luminosity, reddening, binarity, rotation, magnetic field, and elemental abundance or composition. The inclusion of recently discovered extended wavelength characteristics in nominal classifications is outlined, together with techniques involved in automated classification.

  9. Managing Senegalese water resources: Definition and relative importance of information needs

    SciTech Connect

    Engi, D.

    1998-09-01

    This report provides an overview of the results of the Vital Issues process as implemented for the Senegal Water Resources Management Initiative, a collaborative effort between the Senegalese Ministry of Water Resources and Sandia National Laboratories. This Initiative is being developed to assist in the development of an efficient and sustainable water resources management system for Senegal. The Vital Issues process was used to provide information for the development of a proposal that will recommend actions to address the key management issues and establish a state-of-the-art decision support system (DSS) for managing Senegal`s water resources. Three Vital Issues panel meetings were convened to (1) develop a goal statement and criteria for identifying and ranking the issues vital to water resources management in Senegal; (2) define and rank the issues, and (3) identify and prioritize a preliminary list of information needed to address the vital issues. The selection of panelists from the four basic institutional perspectives (government, industry, academe, and citizens` interest groups) ensured a high level of stakeholder representation on the panels.

  10. Use of information resources by the state of Tennessee in risk assessment applications

    SciTech Connect

    Bashor, B.S. [Tennessee Department of Health and Environment, Nashville (United States)

    1990-12-31

    The major resources used by the Bureau of Environment, and Environmental Epidemiology (EEP) for risk assessment are: the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS), Health and Environmental Effects Summary Table (HEAST), Agency for Toxic Substances and disease Registry (ATSDR) Toxicological Profiles, databases at the National Library of Medicine (NLM), World Health Organization (WHO) ENvironmental Criteria, and documents that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has published on Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) risk assessment activities. The Risk Assessment Review has been helpful in providing information about availability of new documents or information. No systematic method has been made available to us to locate information resources. IRIS User`s Support has been helpful in making appropriate and timely referrals. Most other EPA resources were located by serendipity and persistence. The CERCLA methodology for risk assessments is being used in environmental programs, and at present, one person is responsible for all risk assessment activities in the department, but plans are underway to train one or two people from each program area. 2 figs.

  11. 29.01.03. M1.18 Information Resources Security Monitoring Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    of security monitoring is the early identification of wrongdoing or new security vulnerabilities. Definitions, process, store, retrieve, display, and transmit information or data. Mission Critical Information - information that is defined by the university or information resource owner to be essential to the continued

  12. University of California, Berkeley Office for Faculty Equity and Welfare Information and Resources for Faculty Considering Retirement

    E-print Network

    Jacobs, Lucia

    to such questions as these. Below you will find general information about pension and health benefits; informationUniversity of California, Berkeley Office for Faculty Equity and Welfare Information and Resources to participate in the academic life of Berkeley after your retirement. Information about Retirement Pension

  13. University of California, Berkeley Office for Faculty Equity and Welfare Information and Resources for Faculty Considering Retirement

    E-print Network

    Zakhor, Avideh

    to such questions as these. Below you will find general information about pension and health benefits; information for more information: http://atyourservice.ucop.edu/forms_pubs/misc/retirebook.pdf. You may be awareUniversity of California, Berkeley Office for Faculty Equity and Welfare Information and Resources

  14. [Computerization and the importance of information in health system, as in health care resources registry].

    PubMed

    Troselj, Mario; Fanton, Davor

    2005-01-01

    The possibilities of creating a health care resources registry and its operating in Croatia as well as the importance of information in health system are described. At the Croatian Institute of Public Health, monitoring of human resources is performed through the national Health Workers Registry. It also covers basic data on all health units, bed capacities of health facilities included. The initiated health care computerization has urged the idea of forming one more database on physical resources, i.e. on registered medical devices and equipment, more complete. Linking these databases on health resources would produce a single Health Care Resources Registry. The concept views Health Care Resources Registry as part of the overall health information system with centralized information on the health system. The planned development of segments of a single health information system is based on the implementation of the accepted international standards and common network services. Network services that are based on verified Internet technologies are used within a safe, reliable and closed health computer network, which makes up the health intranet (WAN--Wide Area Network). The resource registry is a software solution based on the relational database that monitors history, thus permitting the data collected over a longer period to be analyzed. Such a solution assumes the existence of a directory service, which would replace the current independent software for the Health Workers Registry. In the Health Care Resources Registry, the basic data set encompasses data objects and attributes from the directory service. The directory service is compatible with the LDAP protocol (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol), providing services uniformly to the current records on human and physical resources. Through the storage of attributes defined according to the HL7 (Health Level Seven) standard, directory service is accessible to all applications of the health information system. Directory service does not follow the history of attribute changes, and is optimized for a large number of authorizing inquiries. With it, one follows the following objects and attributes: persons, groups of people (patients, physicians, other personnel), roles (right of access and administrator permissions), organizational units, unit locations, devices and services (according to the list of services and procedures). One can add to the Health Care Resource Registry such attributes as are nonessential for inclusion in the directory service, but are of public health value. Authentication, authorization and digital signature are done by means of Smart Cards, which are used as protective elements against access to system functions, and simultaneously as a physical medium for the storage of the official certificate with which documents are signed digitally. As FINA (state financial control agency) has completed a system for certificate issuance and verification, the option of official digital signature is also available as a computer network service. Any changes taking place in the directory service are transferred by XML messages to a separate part of the Registry that reads them and automatically modifies records in the relational database. Because data input and data changes are made in health units, this makes the data updated and directly connected with health working operations. This avoids all one-time data collection campaigns using form filling about the devices and equipment in the future. As it is very difficult to monitor from a central standpoint how accurate and update the information is, it is necessary to delegate the permissions and duties associated with making changes to the directory service. By this organizational setup, the time needed to ensure data quality control is reduced. In the case described, the Health Care Resource Registry becomes an indicator of change, acquiring certain characteristics of an analytical system. An analysis of topical data renders possible proactive action and makes more effective the planning and utilization of ava

  15. Marine Engineering Geological Exploration Information System (MEGEIS): A GIS-based application to marine resources exploitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Su, Tianyun; Liu, Baohua; Zhai, Shikui; Liang, Ruicai; Zheng, Yanpeng

    2007-07-01

    Based on the ArcGIS geographic information system and the ORACLE database management system, this paper reports our studies on the technology of Marine Engineering Geological Exploration Information System (MEGEIS). By analyzing system structure, designing function modules and discussing data management, this paper systematically proposes a framework of technology to integrate, manage, and analyze the seabed information comprehensively. Then, the technology is applied to the design and development of the Bohai Sea Oilfield Paradigm Area Information System. The system can not only meet the practical demands of marine resources exploration and exploitation in the Bohai Sea oilfield, but also serve as a preparatory work in theory and technology for the realization of the ‘Digital Seabed’.

  16. General spectral utility metric for spectral imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simmons, Rulon E.; Elder, Timothy D.; Stewart, David J.; Cincotta, Eric J.; Kennedy, Carolyn S.; Van Nostrand, R. Craig

    2005-06-01

    Published approaches to assessing and predicting spectral image utility are generally based on regression methods which fit coefficients to an equation with terms representing spatial scale, spectral fidelity, and signal-to-noise. Such approaches are patterned after the National Imagery Interpretability Rating Scale General Image Quality Equation (NIIRS GIQE) designed for use with remotely-sensed panchromatic imagery. Preliminary testing of these approaches suggests that they will work for some subsets of spectral imagery applications but are not generally applicable to all spectral imaging problems. We present here an approach that gets at the heart of the general problem-assessing the confidence of an image analyst in performing a specified task with a specific spectral image. While applicable in other areas such as health imaging, our approach to spectral utility assessment is presented in this paper from a remote sensing point of view. Our approach allows trade-offs in tasking and system design across the "spectrum" of imagers including panchromatic, multispectral, hyperspectral, and even ultraspectral. Our approach is based on a fusion concept called "semantic transformation." We assume that spectral and spatial information are largely separable with both contributing to the overall utility of the image. The "semantic transformation" combines the spatial and spectral information in a common term (in our case confidence) to give an overall confidence in performing the specified task. Addressing the spatial and spectral information separately allows us the freedom to assess the information contained in each in ways that the information is actually assimilated (i.e., usually spatial information in exploited visually while spectral information consisting of more than three or four bands is usually exploited by computer algorithms). For the spectral information, we can use either generic exploitation algorithms or the specific algorithms that the image analyst would be expected to use. Testing of our approach was done with a parametric set of simulated imagery where Ground Sampled Distance (GSD) and the number of spectral bands were varied. Our initial test led to some refinements of our approach, which are discussed.

  17. GIS 390.001, GIS 390.021, GIS 390.022 Geographic Information System (GIS) in Natural Resources

    E-print Network

    Hung, I-Kuai

    1 GIS 390.001, GIS 390.021, GIS 390.022 Geographic Information System (GIS) in Natural Resources Information Systems (GIS), subsidized by Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and remote sensing, to problems in natural resource analysis. Course corequisite required GIS 390L. Prerequisite course required GIS 224

  18. The Protein Information Resource (PIR) and the PIR-International Protein Sequence Database.

    PubMed Central

    George, D G; Dodson, R J; Garavelli, J S; Haft, D H; Hunt, L T; Marzec, C R; Orcutt, B C; Sidman, K E; Srinivasarao, G Y; Yeh, L S; Arminski, L M; Ledley, R S; Tsugita, A; Barker, W C

    1997-01-01

    From its origin, the PIR has aspired to support research in computational biology and genomics through the compilation of a comprehensive, quality controlled and well-organized protein sequence information resource. The resource originated with the pioneering work of the late Margaret O. Dayhoff in the early 1960s. Since 1988, the Protein Sequence Database has been maintained collaboratively by PIR-International, an association of macromolecular sequence data collection centers dedicated to fostering international cooperation as an essential element in the development of scientific databases. The work of the resource is widely distributed and is available on the World Wide Web, via FTP, E-mail server, CD-ROM and magnetic media. It is widely redistributed and incorporated into many other protein sequence data compilations including SWISS-PROT and theEntrezsystem of the NCBI. PMID:9016497

  19. Anatomy of a Scout Report: Resource Discovery in the Information Age, or How We Do It

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Solock, Jack.

    1997-01-01

    Have you ever wondered how we find the sites we annotate? Actually, we go through a rigorous process of searching for quality information sites to bring to our readers each week. For those who would like to learn more about the process, and take a virtual tour through the resource discovery process that led to a single Scout Report, the March 1997 InterNIC News End User's Corner column will be your guide.

  20. A survey of the use of electronic scientific information resources among medical and dental students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kalle Romanov; Matti Aarnio

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To evaluate medical and dental students' utilization of electronic information resources. METHODS: A web survey sent to 837 students (49.9% responded). RESULTS: Twenty-four per cent of medical students and ninteen per cent of dental students searched MEDLINE 2+ times\\/month for study purposes, and thiry-two per cent and twenty-four per cent respectively for research. Full-text articles were used 2+ times\\/month

  1. Information Resources in High-Energy Physics: Surveying the Present Landscape and Charting the Future Course

    SciTech Connect

    Gentil-Beccot, Anne; Mele, Salvatore; Holtkamp, Annette; O'Connell, Heath B.; Brooks, Travis C.

    2008-04-22

    Access to previous results is of paramount importance in the scientific process. Recent progress in information management focuses on building e-infrastructures for the optimization of the research workflow, through both policy-driven and user-pulled dynamics. For decades, High-Energy Physics (HEP) has pioneered innovative solutions in the field of information management and dissemination. In light of a transforming information environment, it is important to assess the current usage of information resources by researchers and HEP provides a unique test-bed for this assessment. A survey of about 10% of practitioners in the field reveals usage trends and information needs. Community-based services, such as the pioneering arXiv and SPIRES systems, largely answer the need of the scientists, with a limited but increasing fraction of younger users relying on Google. Commercial services offered by publishers or database vendors are essentially unused in the field. The survey offers an insight into the most important features that users require to optimize their research workflow. These results inform the future evolution of information management in HEP and, as these researchers are traditionally 'early adopters' of innovation in scholarly communication, can inspire developments of disciplinary repositories serving other communities.

  2. Ebola outbreak response: the role of information resources and the National Library of Medicine.

    PubMed

    Love, Cynthia B; Arnesen, Stacey J; Phillips, Steven J

    2015-02-01

    The US National Library of Medicine (NLM) offers Internet-based, no-cost resources useful for responding to the 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak. Resources for health professionals, planners, responders, and researchers include PubMed, Disaster Lit, the Web page "Ebola Outbreak 2014: Information Resources," and the Virus Variation database of sequences for Ebolavirus. In cooperation with participating publishers, NLM offers free access to full-text articles from over 650 biomedical journals and 4000 online reference books through the Emergency Access Initiative. At the start of a prolonged disaster event or disease outbreak, the documents and information of most immediate use may not be in the peer-reviewed biomedical journal literature. To maintain current awareness may require using any of the following: news outlets; social media; preliminary online data, maps, and situation reports; and documents published by nongovernmental organizations, international associations, and government agencies. Similar to the pattern of interest shown in the news and social media, use of NLM Ebola-related resources is also increasing since the start of the outbreak was first reported in March 2014. PMID:25325189

  3. Soliciting Feedback from Resource Managers to Inform Response to Extreme Event Impact

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bedsworth, L. W.

    2014-12-01

    To date, extreme events have been defined by scientists through a top-down approach, relying on observations for current extremes and climate model projections based on future scenarios for their expected changes. These abstract definitions of extreme events are based on a corresponding characterization of what is "normal" and perhaps the choice of a threshold (e.g., a percentile of a historical distribution for a given climate variable), beyond which would represent an extreme event. However, there are not necessarily direct connections between these definitions and what is considered "extreme" in terms of impacts that challenge resource management. Several researchers have suggested that extreme event definitions would also be informed by input from on-the-ground resource managers who are familiar with the systems being impacted, the climate conditions that pose risks to those systems, and their resilience and adaptive capacity. This research will present preliminary survey work designed to solicit input from air and water quality managers in terms of what is considered an extreme event, how these events have been weathered in the past, and planned for in the future. The survey is based on literature review, interviews with air and water quality managers in California, and outreach to the scientific community. This work is the first step of a multistage research effort to link input from resource managers with scientific information to better inform air and water quality management and impacts of extreme events under a changing climate.

  4. Water-resources-related information for the St. Croix Reservation and vicinity, Wisconsin

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Saad, David A.; Robertson, Dale M.

    2000-01-01

    The St. Croix Chippewa Tribe is interested in documenting water-quality conditions in lakes and streams adjacent to their Reservation lands in northwestern Wisconsin and developing management plans to protect these water resources. This report provides the Tribe with a retrospective summary and analysis of available water-resources-related information for their Reservation and vicinity. The study area is divided into four main watersheds: Big Round Lake, Clam River at Clam Lake Outlet, Yellow River at Danbury, and Loon Creek at Danbury. The Clam River Watershed includes the subwatersheds of Bashaw and Sand Lakes. The Yellow River Watershed includes the subwatersheds of Big Sand and Gaslyn Lakes. In all, 41 surface-water studies or reports that include information relevant to the study area were identified. Most of the surface-water studies were regional or statewide summaries. Fifteen of these studies include lake information and 36 include stream information. Twenty-eight of the studies include water-quality data and 16 include information describing aquatic biology. Water- and sediment-quality data were obtained for 80 lakes and 23 streams in the study area. Lake information includes data for 101 water-quality characteristics from nearly 4,300 water and sediment analyses of samples collected between 1972 and 1998. Stream information summarized in this report includes data for 135 water-quality characteristics and nearly 4,500 water and sediment analyses of samples collected at 23 sites between 1964 and 1999. A total of 41 ground-water studies or reports that include information relevant to the study area were identified. Most of the ground-water studies were regional or statewide summaries. Of the 41 studies, 33 include water-quality information, 9 include information regarding water use, and 23 provide descriptions of geology and aquifer characteristics relevant to the study area. Water-quality information for 773 wells was compiled. Most of the sampled wells were used for drinking water, and most of the drinking-water wells represent domestic supplies. Water-quality data summarized in this report represent 270 characteristics and more than 10,300 analyses of samples collected from drinking-water wells between 1911 and 1999; however, most of the water-quality data were collected after about 1990.

  5. Go For IT!: A Resource for Building America's Information Technology Work Force

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    The US Department of Commerce, partly as a result of the response to its recently published America's New Deficit: The Shortage of Information Technology Workers (discussed in the October 17, 1997 Scout Report), has created this site to aid in building and maintaining an information technology workforce. The key to the site is an IT work force program database, which lists education, employment, and training programs. The database is searchable by type of program, geography, sponsorship agency, and keyword. For an overview of the over 170 programs in the database at present, simply click on the Search button without using any of the options. Each entry contains address and contact information for the IT program, a hyperlink when available, and a detailed description of the program. The site will act as a resource clearinghouse for educators, companies, organizations, and individuals. Go for IT! actively solicits new programs for the database.

  6. The Criticality Safety Information Resource Center (CSIRC) at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Henderson, B.D.; Meade, R.A.; Pruvost, N.L.

    1999-09-20

    The Criticality Safety Information Resource Center (CSIRC) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is a program jointly funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in conjunction with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) Recommendation 97-2. The goal of CSIRC is to preserve primary criticality safety documentation from U.S. critical experimental sites and to make this information available for the benefit of the technical community. Progress in archiving criticality safety primary documents at the LANL archives as well as efforts to make this information available to researchers are discussed. The CSIRC project has a natural linkage to the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP). This paper raises the possibility that the CSIRC project will evolve in a fashion similar to the ICSBEP. Exploring the implications of linking the CSIRC to the international criticality safety community is the motivation for this paper.

  7. Objective burden, resources, and other stressors among informal cancer caregivers: a hidden quality issue?†

    PubMed Central

    van Ryn, Michelle; Sanders, Sara; Kahn, Katherine; van Houtven, Courtney; Griffin, Joan M.; Martin, Michelle; Atienza, Audie A.; Phelan, Sean; Finstad, Deborah; Rowland, Julia

    2015-01-01

    A great deal of clinical cancer care is delivered in the home by informal caregivers (e.g. family, friends), who are often untrained. Caregivers' context varies widely, with many providing care despite low levels of resources and high levels of additional demands. Background Changes in health care have shifted much cancer care to the home, with limited data to inform this transition. We studied the characteristics, care tasks, and needs of informal caregivers of cancer patients. Methods Caregivers of seven geographically and institutionally defined cohorts of newly diagnosed colorectal and lung cancer patients completed self-administered questionnaires (n = 677). We combined this information with patient survey and chart abstraction data and focused on caregivers who reported providing, unpaid, at least 50% of the patient's informal cancer care. Results Over half of caregivers (55%) cared for a patient with metastatic disease, severe comorbidity, or undergoing current treatment. Besides assisting with activities of daily living, caregivers provided cancer-specific care such as watching for treatment side effects (68%), helping manage pain, nausea or fatigue (47%), administering medicine (34%), deciding whether to call a doctor (30%), deciding whether medicine was needed (29%), and changing bandages (19%). However, half of caregivers reported not getting training perceived as necessary. In addition, 49% of caregivers worked for pay, 21% reported poor or fair health, and 21% provided unpaid care for other individuals. One in four reported low confidence in the quality of the care they provided. Conclusions Much assistance for cancer patients is delivered in the home by informal caregivers, often without desired training, with a significant minority having limited resources and high additional demands. Future research should explore the potentially high yield of addressing caregiver needs in improving quality of cancer care and both survivors' and caregivers' outcomes. PMID:20201115

  8. Informal payments and intra-household allocation of resources for health care in Albania

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Informal payments for health care services can impose financial hardship on households. Many studies have found that the position within the household can influence the decision on how much is spent on each household member. This study analyses the intra-household differences in spending on informal payments for health care services by comparing the resources allocated between household heads, spouses and children. Methods Pooled data from two cross sectional surveys, the Albanian Living Standard Measurement Survey 2002 and 2005, are used to analyse both the probability and the amount paid in inpatient and outpatient health care services. A generalised Hausman specification test is used to compare the coefficients of probit and OLS models for nuclear and extended households. Results We find that due to the widespread informal payments there are no significant differences between households in the incidence of informal payments for households' members, but there are more differences in the amount paid informally. Results suggest that households strategically allocate their resources on health care by favouring individuals with higher earning potential who have invested more in human capital. Extended households pay higher amounts for spouses with higher education compared to nuclear households. On the other hand, nuclear households choose to pay higher amounts for children with a higher level of education compared to extended households. Conclusions The differences between households should be taken into account by public policies which should compensate this by redistribution mechanisms targeting disadvantaged groups. Governments should implement effective measures to deal with informal patient payments. JEL Codes: I10, I19, D10 PMID:22270038

  9. Engaging the optics community in the development of informative, accessible resources focusing on careers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Poulin-Girard, Anne-Sophie; Gingras, F.; Zambon, V.; Thériault, G.

    2014-09-01

    Young people often have biased and pre-conceived ideas about scientists and engineers that can dissuade them from considering a career in optics. This situation is compounded by the fact that existing resources on careers in optics are not suitable since they mostly focus on more general occupations such as a physicist and an electrical engineer. In addition, the linguistic register is not adapted for students, and many of these resources are only available to guidance counselors. To create appropriate resources that will inform high school students on different career opportunities in optics and photonics, we sought the collaboration of our local optics community. We selected seven specific occupations: entrepreneur in optics, university professor, teacher, technician, research and development engineer, sales representative and graduate student in optics. For each career, a list of daily tasks was created from the existing documentation by a guidance counselor and was validated by an expert working in the field of optics. Following a process of validation, we built surveys in which professionals were asked to select the tasks that best represented their occupation. The surveys were also used to gather other information such as level of education and advice for young people wishing to pursue careers in optics. Over 175 professionals answered the surveys. With these results, we created a leaflet and career cards that are available online and depict the activities of people working in optics and photonics. We hope that these resources will help counter the negative bias against scientific careers and inform teenagers and young adults on making career choices that are better suited to their preferences and aspirations.

  10. Information System Design for Communication: The Use of Genre as a Design Element An information system is not merely a container for documents; through the ways that resources

    E-print Network

    Feinberg, Melanie

    Information System Design for Communication: The Use of Genre as a Design Element Abstract An information system is not merely a container for documents; through the ways that resources are selected, organized, and made available to users, information systems themselves work as expressive media, enabling

  11. Integration of multi-temporal spectral and structural information to map wetland vegetation in a brackish Connecticut marsh

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gilmore, M. S.; Wilson, E. H.; Barrett, N.; Civco, D. L.; Prisloe, S.; Hurd, J. D.; Chadwick, C.

    2008-12-01

    This study utilizes multitemporal QuickBird and single date LiDar canopy height data to classify the common plant communities of a tidal marsh at the mouth of the Connecticut River. A specific goal was to map the expanding distribution of non-native Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin ex Steud (common reed), which has been outcompeting native species, particularly in disturbed marshes. P. australis spreads vigorously, forming dense monocultures that result in reduced biodiversity of plant, avian and macroinvertebrate species. We collected visible to near-infrared (VNIR) reflectance spectra of the dominant plant species S. patens (salt meadow grass), Typha spp. (cattail), and P. australis over two growing seasons to develop metrics that maximize phenological spectral and canopy height variability to distinguish these plants within a complex marsh community containing >100 plant species. Relative to other species, P. australis is best distinguished by its high NIR response and height late in the growing season. Typha spp. was well distinguished from other species by its high red/green ratio and S. patens by a unique green/blue ratio and low heights throughout the growing season. The field spectra and LiDar-derived heights were used to guide an object-oriented classification methodology using multitemporal QuickBird data collected over the same time interval as the field spectra. The classification was validated using a field inventory of marsh vegetation. Overall maximum fuzzy accuracy for the classification was 97% for Phragmites, 63% for Typha spp. and 80% for S. patens meadows; this improved to 97%, 76%, and 92%, respectively, using a fuzzy acceptable match measure. Image acquisition timing was critical for the identification of targeted plant species in this heterogeneous marsh. These datasets and protocols may provide coastal resource managers, municipal officials and researchers a set of recommended guidelines for remote sensing data collection for marsh inventory and monitoring.

  12. Access and use of information resources in assessing health risks from chemical exposure: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    Health risk assessment is based on access to comprehensive information about potentially hazardous agents in question. Relevant information is scattered throughout the literature, and often is not readily accessible. To be useful in assessment efforts, emerging scientific findings, risk assess parameters, and associated data must be compiled and evaluated systemically. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are among the federal agencies heavily involved in this effort. This symposium was a direct response by EPA and ORNL to the expressed needs of individuals involved in assessing risks from chemical exposure. In an effort to examine the state of the risk assessment process, the availability of toxicological information, and the future development and transfer of this information, the symposium provided an excellent cadre of speakers and participants from state and federal agencies, academia and research laboratories to address these topics. This stimulating and productive gathering discussed concerns associated with (1) environmental contamination by chemicals; (2) laws regulating chemicals; (3) information needs and resources; (4) applications; (5) challenges and priorities; and (6)future issues. Individual reports are processed separately for the data bases.

  13. ELAS - A geobased information system that is transferable to several computers. [Earth resources Laboratory Applications Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whitley, S. L.; Pearson, R. W.; Seyfarth, B. R.; Graham, M. H.

    1981-01-01

    In the early years of remote sensing, emphasis was placed on the processing and analysis of data from a single multispectral sensor, such as the Landsat Multispectral Scanner System (MSS). However, in connection with attempts to use the data for resource management, it was realized that many deficiencies existed in single data sets. A need was established to geographically reference the MSS data and to register with it data from disparate sources. Technological transfer activities have required systems concepts that can be easily transferred to computers of different types in other organizations. ELAS (Earth Resources Laboratory Applications Software), a geographically based information system, was developed to meet the considered needs. ELAS accepts data from a variety of sources. It contains programs to geographically reference the data to the Universal Transverse Mercator grid. One of the primary functions of ELAS is to produce a surface cover map.

  14. Developing a web-based information resource for palliative care: an action-research inspired approach

    PubMed Central

    Street, Annette F; Swift, Kathleen; Annells, Merilyn; Woodruff, Roger; Gliddon, Terry; Oakley, Anne; Ottman, Goetz

    2007-01-01

    Background General Practitioners and community nurses rely on easily accessible, evidence-based online information to guide practice. To date, the methods that underpin the scoping of user-identified online information needs in palliative care have remained under-explored. This paper describes the benefits and challenges of a collaborative approach involving users and experts that informed the first stage of the development of a palliative care website [1]. Method The action research-inspired methodology included a panel assessment of an existing palliative care website based in Victoria, Australia; a pre-development survey (n = 197) scoping potential audiences and palliative care information needs; working parties conducting a needs analysis about necessary information content for a redeveloped website targeting health professionals and caregivers/patients; an iterative evaluation process involving users and experts; as well as a final evaluation survey (n = 166). Results Involving users in the identification of content and links for a palliative care website is time-consuming and requires initial resources, strong networking skills and commitment. However, user participation provided crucial information that led to the widened the scope of the website audience and guided the development and testing of the website. The needs analysis underpinning the project suggests that palliative care peak bodies need to address three distinct audiences (clinicians, allied health professionals as well as patients and their caregivers). Conclusion Web developers should pay close attention to the content, language, and accessibility needs of these groups. Given the substantial cost associated with the maintenance of authoritative health information sites, the paper proposes a more collaborative development in which users can be engaged in the definition of content to ensure relevance and responsiveness, and to eliminate unnecessary detail. Access to volunteer networks forms an integral part of such an approach. PMID:17854509

  15. Linking Formal and Informal Science Education: A Successful Model using Libraries, Volunteers and NASA Resources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Race, M. S.; Lafayette Library; Learning Center Foundation (Lllcf)

    2011-12-01

    In these times of budget cuts, tight school schedules, and limited opportunities for student field trips and teacher professional development, it is especially difficult to expose elementary and middle school students to the latest STEM information-particularly in the space sciences. Using our library as a facilitator and catalyst, we built a volunteer-based, multi-faceted, curriculum-linked program for students and teachers in local middle schools (Grade 8) and showcased new astronomical and planetary science information using mainly NASA resources and volunteer effort. The project began with the idea of bringing free NASA photo exhibits (FETTU) to the Lafayette and Antioch Libraries for public display. Subsequently, the effort expanded by adding layers of activities that brought space and science information to teachers, students and the pubic at 5 libraries and schools in the 2 cities, one of which serves a diverse, underserved community. Overall, the effort (supported by a pilot grant from the Bechtel Foundation) included school and library based teacher workshops with resource materials; travelling space museum visits with hands-on activities (Chabot-to-Go); separate powerpoint presentations for students and adults at the library; and concurrent ancillary space-related themes for young children's programs at the library. This pilot project, based largely on the use of free government resources and online materials, demonstrated that volunteer-based, standards-linked STEM efforts can enhance curriculum at the middle school, with libraries serving a special role. Using this model, we subsequently also obtained a small NASA-Space Grant award to bring star parties and hand-on science activities to three libraries this Fall, linking with numerous Grade 5 teachers and students in two additional underserved areas of our county. It's not necessary to reinvent the wheel, you just collect the pieces and build on what you already have.

  16. Technical guide on documentation requirements for open market contract acquisitions of information resources

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shaw, Asa L., Jr.; Kivett, William R.; Taylor, James Y.

    1990-01-01

    A guide is presented to assist requestors in formulating and submitting the required Complete Package for Information Resources (IR) acquisitions. Advance discussions with cognizant procurement personnel are strongly recommended for complex IR requirements or for those requestors new to the acquisition process. Open Market means the requirement either is not available on GSA Schedule Contract or exceeds the $300,000 threshold and/or the quantity Maximum Order Limitation of the GSA Schedule Contract. Only open market contract acquisitions (i.e., in excess of the $25,000 small purchase threshold), are addressed.

  17. Health information technology: an untapped resource to help keep patients insured.

    PubMed

    DeVoe, Jennifer E; Angier, Heather; Burdick, Tim; Gold, Rachel

    2014-01-01

    The recent confluence of: (1) changing state and national insurance-related policies, and (2) the rapid growth in electronic health record (EHR) use, yields an unprecedented opportunity for patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) and other primary care practices or care settings to use health information technology (HIT) and health information exchange (HIE) in novel ways to impact patient health. We propose that HIT is an untapped resource for supporting clinic-based efforts to help eligible patients obtain and maintain insurance coverage. This commentary presents a conceptual model and guiding principles for this idea. Additionally, it describes insurance support tools that could be used to conduct 'inreach' and 'outreach' with patients around health insurance, similar to how HIT is used to manage chronic disease and panels of patients, and to improve population health outcomes. PMID:25384821

  18. Information resources management long-range plan, FY1994--1998

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    This document describes IRM activities and the information technology resources and capabilities of the Department, the future requirements, and the strategies and plans to satisfy the identified requirements. The long-range planning process provides the systematic means to meet this objective and assists the Department in assuring that information technology (IT) support is provided in an efficient, effective, and timely manner so that its programmatic missions can be accomplished. Another important objective of the Plan is to promote better understanding, both within and external to the Department, of its IT environment, requirements, issues, and recommended solutions. This DOE IRM Plan takes into consideration the IRM requirements of approximately 50 different sites. The annual long-range planning cycle for supporting this Plan was initiated by a Call in August 1991 for site plans to be submitted in February 1992 by those Departmental components and contractors with major IRM requirements.

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 51, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2005 479 Spectral Efficiency of Multicarrier CDMA

    E-print Network

    Verdú, Sergio

    --We analyze the spectral efficiency (sum-rate per sub- carrier) of randomly spread synchronous multicarrier regime of number of users and bandwidth going to infinity with a constant ratio. Both uplink and downlink

  20. Literature and information related to the natural resources of the North Aleutian Basin of Alaska.

    SciTech Connect

    Stull, E.A.; Hlohowskyj, I.; LaGory, K. E.; Environmental Science Division

    2008-01-31

    The North Aleutian Basin Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service (MMS) is a large geographic area with significant natural resources. The Basin includes most of the southeastern part of the Bering Sea Outer Continental Shelf, including all of Bristol Bay. The area supports important habitat for a wide variety of species and globally significant habitat for birds and marine mammals, including several federally listed species. Villages and communities of the Alaska Peninsula and other areas bordering or near the Basin rely on its natural resources (especially commercial and subsistence fishing) for much of their sustenance and livelihood. The offshore area of the North Aleutian Basin is considered to have important hydrocarbon reserves, especially natural gas. In 2006, the MMS released a draft proposed program, 'Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program, 2007-2012' and an accompanying draft programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS). The draft proposed program identified two lease sales proposed in the North Aleutian Basin in 2010 and 2012, subject to restrictions. The area proposed for leasing in the Basin was restricted to the Sale 92 Area in the southwestern portion. Additional EISs will be needed to evaluate the potential effects of specific lease actions, exploration activities, and development and production plans in the Basin. A full range of updated multidisciplinary scientific information will be needed to address oceanography, fate and effects of oil spills, marine ecosystems, fish, fisheries, birds, marine mammals, socioeconomics, and subsistence in the Basin. Scientific staff at Argonne National Laboratory were contracted to assist MMS with identifying and prioritizing information needs related to potential future oil and gas leasing and development activities in the North Aleutian Basin. Argonne focused on three related tasks: (1) identify and gather relevant literature published since 1996, (2) synthesize and summarize the literature, and (3) identify and prioritize remaining information needs. To assist in the latter task, MMS convened the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting (the Planning Meeting) in Anchorage, Alaska, from November 28 through December 1, 2006. That meeting and its results are described in 'Proceedings of the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting' (the Planning Meeting report)1. Citations for recent literature (1996-2006) to support an assessment of the impacts of oil and gas development on natural, cultural, and socioeconomic resources in the North Aleutian Basin were entered in a database. The database, a series of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets with links to many of the reference materials, was provided to MMS prior to the Planning Meeting and was made available for participants to use during the meeting. Many types of references were identified and collected from the literature, such as workshop and symposium proceedings, personal web pages, web pages of government and nongovernmental organizations, EISs, books and articles reporting research results, regulatory documents, technical reports, newspaper and newsletter articles, and theses and dissertations. The current report provides (1) a brief overview of the literature; (2) descriptions (in tabular form) of the databased references, including geographic area covered, topic, and species (where relevant); (3) synopses of the contents of the referenced documents and web pages; and (4) a full citation for each reference. At the Planning Meeting, subject matter experts with research experience in the North Aleutian Basin presented overviews of the area's resources, including oceanography, fish and shellfish populations, federal fisheries, commercial fishery economics, community socioeconomics, subsistence, seabirds and shorebirds, waterfowl, seals and sea lions, cetaceans, sea otters, and walruses. These presentations characterized the status of the resource, the current state of knowledge on the topic, and information needs related to an assessment of

  1. Addressing underutilization of consumer health information resource centers: a formative study*

    PubMed Central

    Kennedy, May G.; Kiken, Laura; Shipman, Jean P.

    2008-01-01

    Problem: Four consumer health information centers in Richmond, Virginia, provide one-on-one assistance in accessing health information. Because they may not be fully utilized at present, an exploratory marketing study of factors affecting usage of the centers was conducted. Method: Observers counted center passers-by and tracked their paths. Also, brief intercept interviews were conducted with people who had just used a center, people nearby who could have used one but did not, and people on the street. Finally, in-depth individual interviews were conducted with key informants. Results: There was a high degree of satisfaction with the centers among users. Nonusers universally endorsed the center concept. However, most passers-by did not even glance at the centers, and intercept interviewees suggested better signage and promoting the resource centers through various media channels. Key informants added suggestions about interpersonal strategies (e.g., physician referrals) for center usage promotion but cautioned that a large increase in traffic could not be accommodated without increasing staff size or shifting from a model of individualized service. Conclusions: Triangulating findings from multiple data collection methods can provide useful guidance for efforts to promote center utilization. At minimum, steps should be taken to make the largest centers more noticeable. Because center utilization is not only associated with consumer satisfaction with hospitals, but may also foster health literacy, both hospital-based and community-based usage promotion strategies may be warranted. All such promotional strategies should be audience-tested before they are adopted. PMID:18219380

  2. Requirements for the Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) -- Determined by Field Evaluation 

    E-print Network

    Herbich, J. B.; Smith, E. B.; Benson, J. D.

    1969-11-15

    A field evaluation study of user requirements for effective use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) is described. The study included several components including an analysis of potential users classified...

  3. Requirements for the Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) -- Determined by Field Evaluation

    E-print Network

    Herbich, J. B.; Smith, E. B.; Benson, J. D.

    1969-11-15

    A field evaluation study of user requirements for effective use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) is described. The study included several components including an analysis of potential users classified...

  4. Municipal Emergency Management System: a strategy towards information and managing resources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pacheco, J.

    2009-04-01

    The Azores archipelago is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, on a complex geological setting where the North American, Eurasian and African plates meet. Throughout its history the geological and meteorological hazards have been the most significant and had cause thousands of deaths and extensive damages. To prepare and mitigate the impact of catastrophic events there are emergency plans to guide the authorities and to instruct the population. However, a key point on the effectiveness of any emergency plan is the efficiency on getting the relevant information from the existing plans and conveying quality information to the operational teams and to the population. To address this issue the Municipal Emergency Management System was designed as a modular software with a core database and two different applications; one back-office to input and manage data and one front-end to query the database. The database is installed in a server and the system runs over an Intranet or the Internet, allowing its management and query to be done anywhere. The information on the system comprises two sets of data: (a) static data, regarding guidelines from the official Municipal Emergency Plan and a broad characterization of the county that does not need to be updated frequently (geography, geomorphology, climatology and the main hazards to consider) and (b) dynamic information, concerning data that requires regular updating such as available resources, administrative officials, pertinent private organisations etc.. All dynamic data in the core database is organised in three layers: (1) administrative organisations with geographical expression (such as province or district), (2) entities with capability to provide aid on provisions, accommodations, health, infrastructures, construction, transportation and security (public services, non-governmental organisations, enterprises or individual persons) and (3) operative information (applicable laws, tasks of each operative structure of the emergency plan) All entities are indexed to a geographic region, corresponding to an administrative organisation, and all the resources available on the county are indexed to an entity and ultimately to one identified person. The back-office operations are performed through a web browser. In order to ensure the quality of the data, the system requires the operator to register with a valid login and keeps a record of every operation performed by each registered user. The frontend also runs over a web browser and is the key vector towards an efficient communication with the operative teams and the general public. Its menu structure was designed to provide direct answers to the main questions raised on emergency situations, such as where dislodged population will be accommodate? How to transport them? How to provide provisions? Who has the provisions? How to contact the pertinent persons? The front-end, however, has two distinct access levels. The general public access level allows browsing through the structure of the emergency plan the identification of the public officials involved in the plan and their respective roles, and to get logistic information regarding meeting points, resources available, etc... The unlimited access is restricted to authorized personnel with a valid login and grants the access to report forms to be used during the emergency situations as well as information considered confidential such as providers of the available resources and their contacts. The outcome of the Municipal Emergency Management System is a light structure, accessible from anywhere and managed at municipal level, but with the potential to develop a network of emergency management nodes that can work cooperatively since each county can provide the surrounding counties with access to its database.

  5. ClosIndb: A resource for computationally derived information from clostridial genomes.

    PubMed

    Polavarapu, Raja; Meetei, Potshangbam Angamba; Midha, Mohit; Bharne, Dhammapal; Vindal, Vaibhav

    2015-07-01

    Over the past few years, several clostridial genomes have been sequenced, and since then new sequencing projects are also under way. Clostridia is one of the most sequenced genera, and presently, complete genome sequences of 49 clostridial species are available in public archives. Unraveling this wealth of genomic information opens up potential avenues in clostridial research. In the present study, we have carried out in silico analysis to decipher the genomic data. Subsequently, a web resource, ClosIndb, has been developed which collates the computationally derived information associated with all clostridial genes. It features various aspects of coding regions as well as non-coding regions, such as putative orthologs, proteins physicochemical properties, operons and cis-regulatory elements. It provides users with comparative details of all clostridial proteins across the firmicutes. ClosIndb is a comprehensive resource for all completely sequenced clostridial genomes and is under constant development. ClosIndb is freely accessible at http://bif.uohyd.ac.in/closindb/. PMID:25913159

  6. Development, description, and application of a geographic information system data base for water resources in Karst Terrane in Greene County, Missouri. Water resources investigation

    SciTech Connect

    Waite, L.A.; Thomson, K.C.

    1993-12-31

    A geographic information system data base was developed for Greene County, Missouri, to provide data for use in the planning for the protection of water resources. The data base contains the following map layers: geology, cave entrances and passages, county and quadrangle boundary, dye traces, faults, geographic names, hypsography, hydrography, lineaments. Ozark aquifer potentiometric surface, public land survey system, sinkholes, soils, springs, and transportation.

  7. Strengthening human resources for health through information, coordination and accountability mechanisms: the case of the Sudan

    PubMed Central

    Badr, Elsheikh; Mohamed, Nazar A; Afzal, Muhammad Mahmood; Bile, Khalif Mohamud

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Problem Human resources for health (HRH) in the Sudan were limited by shortages and the maldistribution of health workers, poor management, service fragmentation, poor retention of health workers in rural areas, and a weak health information system. Approach A “country coordination and facilitation” process was implemented to strengthen the national HRH observatory, provide a coordination platform for key stakeholders, catalyse policy support and HRH planning, harmonize the mobilization of resources, strengthen HRH managerial structures, establish new training institutions and scale up the training of community health workers. Local setting The national government of the Sudan sanctioned state-level governance of the health system but many states lacked coherent HRH plans and policies. A paucity of training institutions constrained HRH production and the adequate and equitable deployment of health workers in rural areas. Relevant changes The country coordination and facilitation process prompted the establishment of a robust HRH information system and the development of the technical capacities and tools necessary for data analysis and evidence-based participatory decision-making and action. Lessons learnt The success of the country coordination and facilitation process was substantiated by the stakeholders’ coordinated support, which was built on solid evidence of the challenges in HRH and shared accountability in the planning and implementation of responses to those challenges. The support led to political commitment and the mobilization of resources for HRH. The leadership that was promoted and the educational institutions that were opened should facilitate the training, deployment and retention of the health workers needed to achieve universal health coverage. PMID:24347712

  8. Information Technology Solutions Gail Achterman, one of Oregon's foremost experts in natural resources, environmental law and policy and transportation,

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    on to earn both her law degree and master's degree in Natural Resource Policy and Management from and environmental law, with a focus on public land law, natural resource acquisition, development and permittingInformation Technology Solutions Gail Achterman, one of Oregon's foremost experts in natural

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, MARCH 2008 1225 Power-Efficient Resource Allocation

    E-print Network

    Giannakis, Georgios

    access (TDMA), water-filling. I. INTRODUCTION WITH battery-operated communicating nodes, power efficiency], power-efficient resource allocation has been pursued in [2]­[8]. Among them, [2]­[5] dealt with designs) systems using quantized channel state information (CSI). Resource allocation for fading channels also

  10. Requirements for the Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) -- Determined by Field Evaluation 

    E-print Network

    Herbich, J. B.; Smith, E. B.; Benson, J. D.

    1969-11-15

    TR- 23 Vol II 1969 Requirements for Effective Use of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) ? Determined by Field Evaluation E.B. Smith J.B. Herbich J.D. Benson Texas... Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ...

  11. GIS 390.001, GIS 390.020, GIS 390.021 Geographic Information System (GIS) in Natural Resources

    E-print Network

    Hung, I-Kuai

    1 GIS 390.001, GIS 390.020, GIS 390.021 Geographic Information System (GIS) in Natural Resources (GIS), subsidized by Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and remote sensing, to problems in natural resource analysis. Course corequisite required GIS 390L. Prerequisite course required GIS 224. Program

  12. Informing Water Resource Decisionmaking Through Assessments of Global Change Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystem Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rogers, C. E.; Julius, S. H.

    2001-05-01

    The combined forces of land use change, climate change and variability, and UV radiation are altering aquatic ecosystems (e.g., streams, rivers, lakes, wetlands, estuaries, coral reefs). Changes in aquatic ecosystems are mediated by changes in temperature, hydrology, water quality/pollutant loading, sea level rise, storm surges, UV radiation and riparian habitat. The importance of these changes for water resource management is evident, but decisionmakers often have difficulty obtaining information that is timely, relevant and useful. EPA's Global Change Research Program is applying the concept of ecosystem services (conditions and processes through which ecosystems sustain and fulfill human life) to selected watersheds to help local decisionmakers evaluate how global changes could affect their water resources. We are developing a framework that will help identify a priori the types of services most likely to be affected, and methods for measuring, modeling, or estimating impacts on ecosystem services at specific sites. These methods involve using climate and land use change scenarios to drive linked hydrologic and ecological models. Our presentation will focus on how scientific information is being developed and communicated among stakeholders to inform decisions in three areas: San Pedro River Basin, San Francisco Bay & Basin, and watersheds near Washington, DC. These case studies represent different climate regimes (arid southwest, west coast Mediterranean type, subtropical zone of the east coast), different potential changes in climate (change in timing of seasonal floods and greater evaporation, change from winter snow to winter rain yielding decreased spring & summer streamflow, increased intensity of precipitation events), different land use pressures (agricultural and urban), and different spatial scales (1 to 43,000 sq. mi.). These case studies cover different sets of aquatic ecosystems and emphasize different ecosystem services. In addition, we will discuss other projects designed to help state, tribal, and local environmental protection programs assess and prepare for the consequences of global change.

  13. Prescribing habits and caregiver satisfaction with resources for dosing children: Rationale for more informative dosing guidance

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Physicians, nurses and hospital pharmacists were surveyed to assess attitudes of hospital-based pediatric caregivers regarding the dosing of medicine to children. Our objectives were to gauge how current resources are utilized to guide the management of pediatric pharmacotherapy, assess drugs and drug classes where guidance is most critical and examine the prevalence and practice of dose adjustment in pediatric patients. Methods Questionnaire categories included demographics, pharmacotherapy resources, dosing adjustment and modification, and valuation of additional tools to provide improved pharmacotherapy guidance. The questionnaire was developed in collaboration with representative nurse, pharmacist and physician team members using the SurveyMonkey.com site and survey tool. The survey link was distributed to caregivers via email. The questionnaire results of 303 respondents were collected into MS Excel and imported into SAS for data summarization. Results A total of 313 responses were obtained. Physician and nurse practitioner groups comprised the majority of the responses. Approximately 80% of the responders considered dosing adjustment important in pediatric pharmacotherapy. While there was general satisfaction with available resources, nearly 75% responded in support of access to predictive tools that facilitate individualized patient pharmacotherapy. The majority of respondents (> 65%) indicated that dosing outside standard practice occurs in 1-20% of their patients, while still a substantial number of respondents (a range of 8 to 20% reflecting the resident and fellow categories) estimated between 20 and 50% of their patients required adjustments outside the standard practice. Conclusions Differences in prescribing habits based on caregiver role, specialty and location were small and likely require further exploration. Existing resources are generally viewed as helpful but inadequate to guide recommendations for individual patients. Decision support systems connected to hospital-based electronic medical records offer the promise of informative and individualized pharmacotherapy guidance. PMID:21457572

  14. Effective Utilization and Management of Emerging Information Technologies. Information Resources Management Association International Conference (Boston, Massachusetts, May 17-20, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khosrowpour, Mehdi, Ed.

    This proceeding of the 1998 Information Resources Management Association International Conference contains 80 full papers, 87 research in progress papers, 33 abstracts, and 15 panel, workshop, and tutorial summaries. The papers focus on issues of managing information technology (IT) in organizations around the world. Issues covered include:…

  15. Tracking and monitoring the health workforce: a new human resources information system (HRIS) in Uganda

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Health workforce planning is important in ensuring that the recruitment, training and deployment of health workers are conducted in the most efficient way possible. However, in many developing countries, human resources for health data are limited, inconsistent, out-dated, or unavailable. Consequently, policy-makers are unable to use reliable data to make informed decisions about the health workforce. Computerized human resources information systems (HRIS) enable countries to collect, maintain, and analyze health workforce data. Methods The purpose of this article is twofold. First, we describe Uganda's transition from a paper filing system to an electronic HRIS capable of providing information about country-specific health workforce questions. We examine the ongoing five-step HRIS strengthening process used to implement an HRIS that tracks health worker data at the Uganda Nurses and Midwives Council (UNMC). Secondly, we describe how HRIS data can be used to address workforce planning questions via an initial analysis of the UNMC training, licensure and registration records from 1970 through May 2009. Results The data indicate that, for the 25 482 nurses and midwives who entered training before 2006, 72% graduated, 66% obtained a council registration, and 28% obtained a license to practice. Of the 17 405 nurses and midwives who obtained a council registration as of May 2009, 96% are of Ugandan nationality and just 3% received their training outside of the country. Thirteen per cent obtained a registration for more than one type of training. Most (34%) trainings with a council registration are for the enrolled nurse training, followed by enrolled midwife (25%), registered (more advanced) nurse (21%), registered midwife (11%), and more specialized trainings (9%). Conclusion The UNMC database is valuable in monitoring and reviewing information about nurses and midwives. However, information obtained from this system is also important in improving strategic planning for the greater health care system in Uganda. We hope that the use of a real-world example of HRIS strengthening provides guidance for the implementation of similar projects in other countries or contexts. PMID:21329516

  16. Site Remediation Technology InfoBase: A Guide to Federal Programs, Information Resources, and Publications on Contaminated Site Cleanup Technologies. First Edition

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    Table of Contents: Federal Cleanup Programs; Federal Site Remediation Technology Development Assistance Programs; Federal Site Remediation Technology Development Electronic Data Bases; Federal Electronic Resources for Site Remediation Technology Information; Other Electronic Resources for Site Remediation Technology Information; Other Electronic Resources for Site Remediation Technology Information; Selected Bibliography: Federal Publication on Alternative and Innovative Site Remediation; and Appendix: Technology Program Contacts.

  17. Integrating emergy evaluation and geographic information systems for monitoring resource use in the Abruzzo region (Italy).

    PubMed

    Pulselli, Riccardo Maria

    2010-11-01

    This paper presents an application of an environmental accounting method, namely emergy evaluation, developed for the monitoring and assessment of environmental resource use by local communities in the Abruzzo Region (Italy). Once quantified and classified according to their origin (renewable or non-renewable, local or external), emergy flows were elaborated through a geographic information system (GIS) that allowed us to represent their spatial distribution throughout the region. Outcomes took the form of patterns in which different emergy intensities, namely empower (unit: seJ yr(-1)), were represented through a graduated grey-scale and visualized on a cartographic basis. The concentration of emergy flows, depending on the activity of local communities, showed variable levels of environmental load in different areas. In particular, spatial zones with homogeneous values of empower density (unit: seJ yr(-1) km(-2))--high, medium and low--were detected in order to identify areas with a similar "thermodynamic" nature, emergy being a thermodynamics based function. This allowed for the representation, at a glance, of a kind of geography that mirrors the behavior of a population settled in an area as additional information for investigating the effects of the use of urban structures and functions and improving our understanding of regional systems. A combined use of emergy evaluation and GIS could thus provide a complementary view of a territorial system and inform policy makers for planning specific strategies of future development. PMID:20663603

  18. The spectral absorption coefficient at 254nm as a real-time early warning proxy for detecting faecal pollution events at alpine karst water resources

    PubMed Central

    Stadler, H.; Klock, E.; Skritek, P.; Mach, R.L.; Zerobin, W.; Farnleitner, A.H.

    2011-01-01

    Because spring water quality from alpine karst aquifers can change very rapidly during event situations, water abstraction management has to be performed in near real-time. Four summer events (2005-2008) at alpine karst springs were investigated in detail in order to evaluate the spectral absorption coefficient at 254nm (SAC254) as a real-time early warning proxy for faecal pollution. For the investigation Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) Satellite-based data communication between portable hydrometeorological measuring stations and an automated microbiological sampling device was used. The method for event triggered microbial sampling and analyzing was already established and described in a previous paper (Stadler et al., Wat. Sci. Technol. 58(4): 899-909, 2008). Data analysis including on-line event characterisation (i.e. precipitation, discharge, turbidity, SAC254) and comprehensive E. coli determination (n > 800) indicated that SAC254 is a useful early warning proxy. Irrespective of the studied event situations SAC254 always increased 3 to 6 hours earlier than the onset of faecal pollution, featuring different correlation phases. Furthermore, it seems also possible to use SAC254 as a real-time proxy parameter for estimating the extent of faecal pollution after establishing specific spring and event-type calibrations that take into consideration the variability of the occurrence and the transferability of faecal material It should be highlighted that diffuse faecal pollution from wildlife and live stock sources was responsible for spring water contamination at the investigated catchments. In this respect, the SAC254 can also provide useful information to support microbial source tracking efforts where different situations of infiltration have to be investigated. PMID:20962406

  19. The spectral absorption coefficient at 254?nm as a real-time early warning proxy for detecting faecal pollution events at alpine karst water resources.

    PubMed

    Stadler, H; Klock, E; Skritek, P; Mach, R L; Zerobin, W; Farnleitner, A H

    2010-01-01

    Because spring water quality from alpine karst aquifers can change very rapidly during event situations, water abstraction management has to be performed in near real-time. Four summer events (2005-2008) at alpine karst springs were investigated in detail in order to evaluate the spectral absorption coefficient at 254?nm (SAC254) as a real-time early warning proxy for faecal pollution. For the investigation Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) Satellite-based data communication between portable hydrometeorological measuring stations and an automated microbiological sampling device was used. The method for event triggered microbial sampling and analyzing was already established and described in a previous paper. Data analysis including on-line event characterisation (i.e. precipitation, discharge, turbidity, SAC254) and comprehensive E. coli determination (n>800) indicated that SAC254 is a useful early warning proxy. Irrespective of the studied event situations SAC254 always increased 3 to 6 hours earlier than the onset of faecal pollution, featuring different correlation phases. Furthermore, it seems also possible to use SAC254 as a real-time proxy parameter for estimating the extent of faecal pollution after establishing specific spring and event-type calibrations that take into consideration the variability of the occurrence and the transferability of faecal material It should be highlighted that diffuse faecal pollution from wildlife and live stock sources was responsible for spring water contamination at the investigated catchments. In this respect, the SAC254 can also provide useful information to support microbial source tracking efforts where different situations of infiltration have to be investigated. PMID:20962406

  20. `I'll just Google it!': Should lawyers' perceptions of Google inform the design of electronic legal resources?

    E-print Network

    Subramanian, Sriram

    `I'll just Google it!': Should lawyers' perceptions of Google inform the design of electronic legal, regularly use Google to find information for their work. We present results of a series of interviews resources and why. We find lawyers use Google due to a variety of factors, many of which are related

  1. Providing Technical Assistance in the Location of Information Resources to Designers and Developers of Professional Inservice Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finley, Sevilla

    This paper describes the functions and services of four federally-funded information dissemination networks--the Research and Development Exchange (RDx), the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), the National Diffusion Network (NDN), and the State Capacity Building Programs (SCBP)--and explains how each network interrelates within…

  2. Highlighted Resources for Children, Parents, and Educators from SAMHSA Children and Youth--SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series installment

    E-print Network

    Oklahoma, University of

    --SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series installment http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/dbhis/dbhis_children_intro.asp This SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series installment focuses on the reactions and mental health needs of children and youth after a disaster and contains resources from both the child trauma

  3. Forum Guide to Facilities Information Management: A Resource for State and Local Education Agencies. NFES 2012-808

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Forum on Education Statistics, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Safe and secure facilities that foster learning are crucial to providing quality education services, and developing and maintaining these facilities requires considerable resources and organization. Facility information systems allow education organizations to collect and manage data that can be used to inform and guide decisionmaking about the…

  4. The impact of subject-specific electronic resources on the research process using ERIC (Education Resources Information Center) and SciFinder Scholar electronic resources as exemplars. 

    E-print Network

    Love-Rodgers, Christine; Stewart, Rowena

    2006-02-16

    As part of a UK wide study attempting to assess the impact libraries have on the work and study of their members, Edinburgh University Library (EUL) decided to “measure the impact of subject-specific electronic resources ...

  5. On-line monitor of hydrogen porosity based on arc spectral information in Al-Mg alloy pulsed gas tungsten arc welding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Huanwei; Xu, Yanling; Song, Jinquan; Pu, Jianzhong; Zhao, Xingbo; Yao, Guoping

    2015-07-01

    An on-line approach based on arc spectral information was proposed to monitor the hydrogen porosity in Al-Mg alloy pulsed gas tungsten arc welding. For this purpose, spectral lines of the hydrogen and argon components of the arc atmosphere were analyzed when porosities occurred, and that interference of the continuous spectra involved in these lines was eliminated. The peak component of the intensity ratio of the H I line at 656.28 nm to the Ar I line at 641.63 nm was extracted as the characteristic signal to avoid the pulse interference and the non-hydrogen disturbances. Based on the statistical analysis of the extracted characteristic signal under different welding conditions, a predicting model for weld porosity detection was established and successfully used to identify the most probable position of the native porosity as well as the exact position of the artificial porosity.

  6. Supporting research sites in resource-limited settings: challenges in implementing information technology infrastructure.

    PubMed

    Whalen, Christopher J; Donnell, Deborah; Tartakovsky, Michael

    2014-01-01

    As information and communication technology infrastructure becomes more reliable, new methods of electronic data capture, data marts/data warehouses, and mobile computing provide platforms for rapid coordination of international research projects and multisite studies. However, despite the increasing availability of Internet connectivity and communication systems in remote regions of the world, there are still significant obstacles. Sites with poor infrastructure face serious challenges participating in modern clinical and basic research, particularly that relying on electronic data capture and Internet communication technologies. This report discusses our experiences in supporting research in resource-limited settings. We describe examples of the practical and ethical/regulatory challenges raised by the use of these newer technologies for data collection in multisite clinical studies. PMID:24321986

  7. Public Information Projects of the Geothermal Resources Council and the Geothermal Energy Association

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, David N.; Smith, Estela

    1995-01-26

    During the past 20 years the Geothermal Resources Council (GRC), has grown and changed dramatically. An educational organization, the GRC sponsors an annual scientific meeting, and short courses, workshops, and symposia. Meetings and workshops typically are held at locations where members can also attend field trips. The GRC also publishes special reports, a monthly magazine, the GRC BULLETIN, and annual meeting transactions. The GRC On-line Information System, a relatively new service, is a library containing over 20,000 technical geothermal papers, articles, maps and periodicals. Presently, citations for 10,000 of these library materials are stored on computer and available via modem to users anywhere in the world. New citations are added to the library frequently. The GRC's sister association, the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA), collaborates with the GRC on educational programs.

  8. How information resources are used by state agencies in risk assessment applications - Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Olson, C.S.

    1990-12-31

    The Environmental Protection Agency of the State of Illinois (Illinois EPA) has programs in water, air, and land pollution and water supplies paralleling those of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The organization is part of a tripartite arrangement in which the Pollution Control Board is the judicial arm, the Department of Energy and Natural Resources is the research arm, and the Illinois EPA is the enforcement arm. Other state agencies are also concerned with various aspects of the environment and may do risk assessments for chemicals. Although there are various risk assessment activities, both formal and informal, in our agency and in others, this paper will discuss only recent initiatives in water quality criteria.

  9. Comprehensive Yet Scalable Health Information Systems for Low Resource Settings: A Collaborative Effort in Sierra Leone

    PubMed Central

    Braa, Jørn; Kanter, Andrew S.; Lesh, Neal; Crichton, Ryan; Jolliffe, Bob; Sæbø, Johan; Kossi, Edem; Seebregts, Christopher J.

    2010-01-01

    We address the problem of how to integrate health information systems in low-income African countries in which technical infrastructure and human resources vary wildly within countries. We describe a set of tools to meet the needs of different service areas including managing aggregate indicators, patient level record systems, and mobile tools for community outreach. We present the case of Sierra Leone and use this case to motivate and illustrate an architecture that allows us to provide services at each level of the health system (national, regional, facility and community) and provide different configurations of the tools as appropriate for the individual area. Finally, we present a, collaborative implementation of this approach in Sierra Leone. PMID:21347003

  10. Comprehensive yet scalable health information systems for low resource settings: a collaborative effort in sierra leone.

    PubMed

    Braa, Jørn; Kanter, Andrew S; Lesh, Neal; Crichton, Ryan; Jolliffe, Bob; Sæbø, Johan; Kossi, Edem; Seebregts, Christopher J

    2010-01-01

    We address the problem of how to integrate health information systems in low-income African countries in which technical infrastructure and human resources vary wildly within countries. We describe a set of tools to meet the needs of different service areas including managing aggregate indicators, patient level record systems, and mobile tools for community outreach. We present the case of Sierra Leone and use this case to motivate and illustrate an architecture that allows us to provide services at each level of the health system (national, regional, facility and community) and provide different configurations of the tools as appropriate for the individual area. Finally, we present a, collaborative implementation of this approach in Sierra Leone. PMID:21347003

  11. Online resources in pediatric surgery: the new era of medical information.

    PubMed

    Raigani, Siavash; Numanoglu, Alp; Schwachter, Marc; Ponsky, Todd A

    2014-08-01

    Tele-education has the potential to facilitate rapid sharing and dissemination of current research and knowledge among pediatric surgeons around the world. Classically, the exchange of surgical research occurred via national surgical conferences, articles published in peer-reviewed journals, and textbooks. The advent of Web 2.0 and the rapid pace of technologic advancement have allowed knowledge, education, and research to be exchanged online. Virtual symposiums act as online conferences where participants present and debate new research and surgical techniques in real-time web meetings. Resource libraries allow up-to-date information to be archived and viewed at the user's convenience, bypassing the need to wait long periods for paper publications. Tele-education allows pediatric surgeons to connect and share ideas around the world, while saving time and money. PMID:25111279

  12. Real-time implementation of visible and infrared image fusion and new measure based on spectral information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yhui Yuan; Benkang Chang; Junju Zhang; Si Tian; Yiyong Han

    2009-01-01

    The image fusion system has the benefit of having simultaneous multi-spectral data available to the user. In this paper, we describe how to implement real-time fusion of visible and infrared image in a hardware system. In this system, we use a CCD detector and a uncooled microbolometer focal plane arrays as the imaging detector. Image registration and image fusion algorithm

  13. Herpes - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Genital herpes - resources; Resources - genital herpes ... The following organizations are good resources for information on genital herpes : March of Dimes - www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/complications-herpes National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease - ...

  14. 77 FR 60677 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Antarctic Marine Living Resources Conservation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ...Collection; Comment Request; Antarctic Marine Living Resources Conservation and Management...on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (Convention) established the...for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). CCAMLR meets...

  15. An economic approach that links volumetric estimates of resources with cost and price information

    SciTech Connect

    Nesbitt, D.M. (Decision Focus, Inc., Mountain View, CA (United States))

    1993-01-01

    For many years, organizations such as the US Geological Survey have assembled volumetric estimates of gas and oil in place. It is legitimate for people in industry to ask: [open quotes]What do such estimates mean to me What do they mean to my business What do they mean for commodity prices [close quotes] In a world of ideal, efficient markets, such estimates would have little relevance; the best use of one's time would be to merely survey the various markets. In reality, markets are not completely efficient, and methods other than market observations are required. Volumetric estimates can contribute to better decisionmaking if they can be associated with cost and price information and if their implications in the market can thereby be determined. Until the generalized equilibrium approach, volumetric information has never been linked with the market. It has never entered the decision process of private companies the United States, Canada, or the rest of the world. With the approach outlined, the US Geological Survey volumetric estimates can be used to support such decisionmaking and lead to better industry profits, more enlightened regulation and Government administration, and more efficient use of resources. 66 refs., 28 figs.

  16. Information Resource Needs and Preference of Queensland General Practitioners on Complementary Medicines: Result of a Needs Assessment

    PubMed Central

    Janamian, Tina; O'Rourke, Peter; Myers, Stephen P.; Eastwood, Heàther

    2011-01-01

    Objectives. To explore in a cohort of Queensland (Qld) GPs' their attitudes to; knowledge about; and practice behaviour regarding complementary medicines (CMs), and to identify their perceptions of need for information resources on CMs. Design. A faxed self-administered survey to a random sample of 800 GPs in Qld. Participants. 463 completed surveys were returned, representing a 58% response rate. Results. The majority of GPs had a positive attitude about incorporating CMs in their clinical practice; however, only 12% perceived they had adequate knowledge to be able to advise patients about CMs. GPs most preferred evidence-based resources for receiving information on CMs (fact sheets, booklets, and journals) that contain clinical, pharmacological, and toxicological information. Most GPs perceived a need for an information resource on herbal medicines, vitamins, minerals, and trace elements, and nutritional supplements. Conclusion. GPs are open to integrating CMs into their clinical practice. They identify a current lack of knowledge coupled with a substantive level of interest to learn more. GPs perceive a high level of need for information resources on CMs. These resources should be developed and readily available to GPs to increase their knowledge about CMs and better equip them in communicating with patients about CMs use. PMID:21584192

  17. Assessing forest structural and physiological information content of multi-spectral LiDAR waveforms by radiative transfer modelling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felix Morsdorf; Caroline Nichol; Timothy Malthus; Iain H. Woodhouse

    2009-01-01

    The concept for a multi-spectral, full-waveform canopy LiDAR instrument was tested by simulating return waveforms using a model providing ecological sound tree structure (TREEGROW) and a model of leaf optical properties (PROSPECT). The proposed instrument will take measurements at four different wavelengths, which were chosen according to physiological processes altering leaf reflectance and transmittance. The modelling was used to assess

  18. Integrating multi-temporal spectral and structural information to map wetland vegetation in a lower Connecticut River tidal marsh

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha S. Gilmore; Emily H. Wilson; Nels Barrett; Daniel L. Civco; Sandy Prisloe; James D. Hurd; Cary Chadwick

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the effectiveness of using multi-temporal satellite imagery, field spectral data, and LiDAR top of canopy data to classify and map the common plant communities of the Ragged Rock Creek marsh, located near the mouth of the Connecticut River. Visible to near-infrared (VNIR) reflectance spectra were measured in the field over the 2004–2006 growing seasons to assess the

  19. A user need study and system plan for an Arizona Natural Resources Information System report to the Arizona state legislature

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    A survey instrument was developed and implemented in order to evaluate the current needs for natural resource information in Arizona and to determine which state agencies have information systems capable of coordinating, accessing and analyzing the data. Data and format requirements were determined for the following categories: air quality, animals, cultural resources, geology, land use, soils, water, vegetation, ownership, and social and economic aspects. Hardware and software capabilities were assessed and a data processing plan was developed. Possible future applications with the next generation LANDSAT were also identified.

  20. Audit Report on "The Office of Science's Management of Information Technology Resources"

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2009-11-01

    The Department of Energy's Office of Science (Science) and its facility contractors are aggressive users of information technology (IT) to support fundamental research in areas such as energy, environmental remediation and computational sciences. Of its $4 billion Fiscal Year 2008 budget, Science spent about $287 million to manage its IT program. This included cyber security activities, acquisition of hardware and software, and support service costs used to maintain the operating environments necessary to support the missions of the program. Prior Office of Inspector General reports have identified various issues with Science's management of its IT programs and resources. For instance, our report on Facility Contractor Acquisition and Management of Information Technology Hardware (DOE/IG-0768, June 2007) noted that the Science sites reviewed spent more than necessary when acquiring IT hardware. In another example, our review of The Department's Efforts to Implement Common Information Technology Services at Headquarters (DOE/IG-0763, March 2007) disclosed that Science's reluctance to adopt the Department of Energy Common Operating Environment (DOE-COE) at Headquarters contributed to the Department's inability to fully realize potential cost savings through consolidation and economies of scale. In light of the magnitude of the Office of Science IT program and previously identified program weaknesses, we initiated this audit to determine whether Science adequately managed its IT resources. Science had taken a number of actions to improve its cyber security posture and align its program to Federal requirements. Yet, our review disclosed that it had not taken some basic steps to enhance security and reduce costs. In particular, we found that: (1) For their non-scientific computing environments, all seven of the field sites reviewed (two Federal, five contractor) had implemented security configurations that were less stringent than those included in the Federal Desktop Core Configuration. This configuration was designed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and its use was mandated by the Office of Management and Budget; (2) Although we previously highlighted weaknesses and recommended corrective actions, Science still had not fully established or enforced IT hardware standards for acquiring hardware such as desktop and laptop computers or related peripherals, contributing to significant unnecessary expenditures; and (3) While we have noted in a series of past reports that significant savings could be realized from aggregating demand for IT services and products across the enterprise, Science had not implemented a common infrastructure for users at its Federal sites and continued to maintain an IT environment independent of the Department's Common IT Operating Environment. The weaknesses identified were attributable, at least in part, to a lack of adequate policies and procedures for ensuring effective cyber security and hardware acquisition practices. In addition, Science had not effectively monitored the performance of its field sites to ensure that previously reported internal control weaknesses were addressed and had not implemented an appropriate mechanism to track its IT-related costs. Without improvements, Science may be unable to realize the benefits of improved security over its information systems, reduce costs associated with hardware acquisition, and lower IT support costs through consolidation of services. In particular, we determined that Science could potentially realize savings of more than $3.3 million over the next three years by better controlling hardware costs and implementing standards for certain equipment. Furthermore, Science could continue to pay for duplicative IT support services and fail to take advantage of opportunities to lower costs and apply potential savings to mission-related work. During the course of our audit work, we learned from Science officials that they had initiated the process of revising the Program Cyber Security Plan to better clarify its policy for implementing

  1. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and the manufacturing–marketing interface: an information-processing theory view

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. F. Gattiker

    2007-01-01

    The manufacturing–marketing interface has received substantial consideration in the operations management literature. However, relatively little attention has been paid to the role of information systems in facilitating manufacturing–marketing integration. As integrated cross-functional systems, enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are well-suited to provide manufacturing–marketing integration. Based on information-processing theory, the central proposition of this paper is the greater the interdependence between

  2. Human Specimen Resources | Resources

    Cancer.gov

    Researchers who utilize or require human specimens for their research may benefit from the information in this section, including how to find specimens for research, how to establish a tissue bank or resource, and funding opportunities related to human specimens.

  3. Land resource information needs of county government : a case study in Larimer County, Colorado

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Alexander, Robert H.

    1983-01-01

    My two colleagues on the study team, Rex Burns of the Larimer County Planning Department, and Glenn McCarty of the Fort Collins office of the Soil Conservation Service, contributed substantially to this report; many of their written words have found their way directly into the text. Jill O'Gara later replaced Rex Burns as the Larimer County coordinator in the study's final stages. John Rold, Colorado State Geologist, assisted in coordinating our efforts at the beginning of this study. Lou Campbell, State Cartographer, gave valuable advice and assistance throughout the effort. Wallace Hansen and James Blakey of the USGS Geologic and Water Resources Divisions, respectively, read the final manuscript and helped in many other ways. Joanna Trolinger served as research assistant and manuscript typist. Many others in the USGS, SCS, and other organizations helped in supplying information and advice. Tom Bates, then Chairman of the USGS Central Region Earth Science Applications Task Force, was the originator of the study, leader of the USGS participation effort, and guiding inspiration throughout. The study was carried out in association with the Program on Environment and Behavior, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder.

  4. Whole Genome Sequencing of Elite Rice Cultivars as a Comprehensive Information Resource for Marker Assisted Selection

    PubMed Central

    Duitama, Jorge; Silva, Alexander; Sanabria, Yamid; Cruz, Daniel Felipe; Quintero, Constanza; Ballen, Carolina; Lorieux, Mathias; Scheffler, Brian; Farmer, Andrew; Torres, Edgar; Oard, James; Tohme, Joe

    2015-01-01

    Current advances in sequencing technologies and bioinformatics revealed the genomic background of rice, a staple food for the poor people, and provided the basis to develop large genomic variation databases for thousands of cultivars. Proper analysis of this massive resource is expected to give novel insights into the structure, function, and evolution of the rice genome, and to aid the development of rice varieties through marker assisted selection or genomic selection. In this work we present sequencing and bioinformatics analyses of 104 rice varieties belonging to the major subspecies of Oryza sativa. We identified repetitive elements and recurrent copy number variation covering about 200 Mbp of the rice genome. Genotyping of over 18 million polymorphic locations within O. sativa allowed us to reconstruct the individual haplotype patterns shaping the genomic background of elite varieties used by farmers throughout the Americas. Based on a reconstruction of the alleles for the gene GBSSI, we could identify novel genetic markers for selection of varieties with high amylose content. We expect that both the analysis methods and the genomic information described here would be of great use for the rice research community and for other groups carrying on similar sequencing efforts in other crops. PMID:25923345

  5. Solar Radiation Resource Assessment Project. Program overview of fiscal year 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-06-01

    The mission of the Solar Radiation Resource Assessment Project is to provide essential information about the solar radiation resource to users and planners of solar technologies so that they can make informed and timely decisions concerning applications of those technologies. The project team accomplishes this by producing and disseminating relevant and reliable information about solar radiation. Topics include: Variability of solar radiation, measurements of solar radiation, spectral distribution of solar radiation, and assessment of the solar resource. FY 1993 accomplishments are detailed.

  6. The Information Resource: A Management Challenge. Proceedings of the CAUSE National Conference (Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, November 30-December 3, 1982).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

    Proceedings of the 1982 CAUSE national conference on information resources for college management are presented. The 41 presentations cover five subject tracks: issues in higher education, managing the information systems resource, technology and techniques, small college information systems, and innovative applications. In addition, presentations…

  7. 76 FR 12983 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Tenant Resource Network Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-09

    ...Comment Request; Tenant Resource Network Program AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...Office of Multifamily Housing Programs, Department of Housing and Urban...of Proposal: Tenant Resource Network Program. OMB Control Number, if...

  8. 75 FR 29969 - Information Collection; Volunteer Application for Natural Resources Agencies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ...Agencies The volunteer programs of the following natural resource agencies are included: Department of Agriculture: U.S. Forest Service and Natural Resources Conservation Service; Department of the Interior:...

  9. 78 FR 8192 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request; Education and Human Resources Project...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-05

    ...Collection Activities: Comment Request; Education and Human Resources Project Monitoring Clearance AGENCY: National Science...Collection: This study will assess the implementation of resources, models, and technologies to determine how and...

  10. Supporting Resource Discovery Among Public Internet Archives Using a Spectrum of Information Quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1990-01-01

    Wide area networks offer access to an increasing number and variety of resources, such as documents,software, and network services. Yet, it is difficult to locate resources of interest, because of the scale and decentralizednature of the environment. We are interested in supporting a global confederation of loosely cooperatingsystems and users that share far more resources than can be completely organized.

  11. ERIC Annual Report--1987. Summarizing the Accomplishments of the Educational Resources Information Center. Volume 2--Trends and Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Robert; And Others

    This two-volume annual report is the first in a series of reports summarizing the activities and accomplishments of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) program. The second volume discusses trends and issues in the areas of education covered by each of the clearinghouses. These discussions focus on critical research findings and…

  12. Technical-Oriented Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Body of Knowledge for Information Systems Programs: Content and Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyle, Todd A.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author proposes a body of knowledge that the educators can use to incorporate the technical aspects of enterprise resource planning (ERP) into an information systems (IS) program, encapsulated as the ERP technical knowledge framework. To illustrate the application of this framework, the author discusses a course sequence that…

  13. Implementation and comparison of machine learning classifiers for information security risk analysis of a human resources department

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mete Eminagaoglu; Saban Eren

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is threefold. First, a qualitative information security risk survey is implemented in human resources department of a logistics company. Second, a machine learning risk classification and prediction model with proper data set is established from the results obtained in this survey. Third, several classifier algorithms are tested where their training and test performances are compared

  14. Examining the effect of strategic alignment on business performance: Knowledge management, information technology, and human resource management strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Y. Chen; H. L. Huang

    2008-01-01

    Recently, evidences indicate that knowledge management (KM) strategy and human resource management (HRM) strategy are interdependent and must be integrated with information technology (IT) as a whole to improve the business performance. Empirical data for hypotheses testing are collected from top-ranked companies in Taiwan; yielding 161 valid samples. Performance implications of strategic alignment are examined using matching approaches. The generated

  15. Lab 1: Earthquake Resources & Plotting Epicenters Overview: Students will access global earthquake database information and plot the

    E-print Network

    Smith-Konter, Bridget

    Lab 1: Earthquake Resources & Plotting Epicenters Overview: Students will access global earthquake online data information (2) Plot the longitude and latitude of an earthquake on a map. (3) Identify the depth at which an earthquake occurs Time: Introduction & practice plotting (15 mins) Internet database

  16. Seeing the whole elephant in the room: a holistic approach to ebooks Pamela Jacobs, Head (Acting), Information Resources & Collections

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    in this case, the entire ebooks lifecycle). For example Public Services staff witness user frustrations), Information Resources & Collections Robin Bergart, User Experience Librarian University of Guelph Introduction in the room"--something academic libraries are taking on board without always considering their many

  17. The use of the Internet as a resource for health information among patients attending a rheumatology clinic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M.-M. Gordon; H. A. Capell; R. Madhok

    2002-01-01

    Objectives. To determine the proportion of patients attending a rheumatology clinic who have access to a computer with Internet capabilities, to establish how often they search for health information, and how difficult or useful they find this resource. Methods. We performed a questionnaire-based study of consecutive patients attending a rheumatology clinic in two city teaching hospitals over a 1 week

  18. 29.01.03.M1.23 Information Resources Malicious Code Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    Procedure (SAP) applies to all TAMU network information resources. The intended audience for this SAP described in this SAP are implemented. Based on risk management considerations and business functions provided in this SAP. All exclusions must be in accordance with SAP 29.01.03.M1.27 Exclusions from Required

  19. Spectral Lines for Polarization Measurements of the Coronal Magnetic Field. V. Information Content of Magnetic Dipole Lines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. G. Judge

    2007-01-01

    Stokes profiles of typical magnetic dipole coronal emission lines contain information on the embedded magnetic fields, but the interpretation of the lines is subject to ambiguities. The present study illuminates the information content of coronal emission line measurements that include all four Stokes parameters. The simplest case of localized emission along the line of sight, such as that from a

  20. Evaluating the adequacy of climate change information to support long-term water resource planning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brekke, L. D.; Clark, M. P.; Gutmann, E. D.; Pruitt, T.; Mizukami, N.; Mendoza, P. A.; Rasmussen, R.; Arnold, J.; Raff, D. A.; Rajagopalan, B.

    2013-12-01

    The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), the Department of Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) are partnering to understand appropriate applications of downscaling methods and hydrologic analysis used to produce projections of hydroclimate impacts used in long-term water resources planning and management. The overall objectives of this project are to determine the extent to which the portrayal of hydroclimate impacts depends on methodological choices, understand why different methods produce different results, and provide guidance on the suitability of different methods to provide state-of-the-art intelligence for water resources planning and management. Research questions include: (1) How does the portrayal of hydrologic impacts under climate change depend on the chosen downscaling method and resolution (i.e. dynamical downscaling using regional climate models versus non-dynamical downscaling using statistical or empirical methods)? (2) How does the portrayal of hydrologic impacts under climate change depend on the choice/configuration of hydrologic model(s) used for impact assessment and the parameter estimation strategy? This presentation provides a synthesis of methods and key findings. Main results are (i) high-resolution dynamic downscaling using a model such as the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) is required to properly capture precipitation processes over complex terrain in the Colorado Headwaters region, and climate change scenarios from the 4-km WRF simulations are very different from current guidance being provided to water managers; (ii) WRF simulations at 12-km and 36-km have poor correspondence to observations, and very different change signals to the 4-km WRF simulations; (iii) the statistical downscaling methods examined struggle to adequately capture daily precipitation characteristics that are important to hydrologic impacts, such as wet-day frequency and spatial scaling over small catchment to large basin scales; and (iv) Impacts of climate change on hydrology are very sensitive to both the choice of hydrologic model and the method used to infer model parameter sets (e.g., hydrologic model calibration strategy). The results are being used to inform ongoing research to develop improved downscaling and hydrologic analysis techniques under climate change.

  1. Patient Information in Graves' Disease and Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy: Readability Assessment of Online Resources

    PubMed Central

    Denniston, Alastair K.; Boelaert, Kristien; Franklyn, Jayne A.; Durrani, Omar M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: The Internet is a vital source of information for patients hoping to learn more about their disease. Health literacy of the general population is known to be poor, with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) recommending that patient-oriented literature be written at a fourth- to sixth-grade reading level to optimize comprehensibility. In this study we assessed the readability of online literature specifically for Graves' disease (GD) and thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods: Readability of the content of the top 20 English-language GD patient-oriented online resources and top 30 of the equivalent TAO resources returned by Google search was analyzed. Web pages were identified using the Google search terms “Graves' disease” and “Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy,” respectively. Extraneous text (e.g., hyperlinks, affiliations, disclaimers) was removed. Relevant text proceeded to readability analysis using four validated measures: Flesch Reading Ease Score, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook, and Gunning-Fog Index. Readability was compared with USDHHS standards. Results: Overall, median word count (with interquartile range [IQR] and range) was 990 (IQR 846, 195–3867), with a median of 18 words per sentence (IQR 4.0, 7.5–28). Median Flesch Reading Ease Score was 46 (IQR 13, 24–64), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 11 (IQR 3.0, 7.2–17), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook 13 (IQR 2.0, 9.6–17), and Gunning-Fog Index 13 (IQR 3.0, 9.2–19), each equivalent to a reading level of >11th grade and “difficult” on the USDHHS classification. None of the web pages evaluated had readability scores in accordance with published guidelines. There was no significant difference with the country of origin of each web page, website commercial status, or with pages predominantly focused on GD or TAO. Conclusions: Readability scores for online GD and TAO patient-focused materials are inferior to those recommended. Screening of this online material, as well as subsequent revision, is crucial to increase future patient knowledge, satisfaction, and compliance. PMID:24040878

  2. An Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Concept and Application for Resource Sharing in Special Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotter, Gladys A.; And Others

    The Defense Department Scientific and Technical Information (STI) network is composed of over 200 technical libraries and information centers tied together by the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), an organization which seeks to improve the flow of information throughout the STI network by promoting shared cataloging and integrated…

  3. 1. This form may be used in conjunction with "as and when" contracts issued by Human Resources. Further information on this type of contract can be obtained from Human Resources.

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    Resources. Further information on this type of contract can be obtained from Human Resources. 2. This form be submitted to Human Resources by the 5th of any month to ensure payment in that month. 8. Do NOT send copiesNOTES 1. This form may be used in conjunction with "as and when" contracts issued by Human

  4. The Alaska Mineral Resource Assessment Program; background information to accompany geologic and mineral-resource maps of the Cordova and Middleton Island quadrangles, southern Alaska

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Winkler, Gary R.; Plafker, George; Goldfarb, R.J.; Case, J.E.

    1992-01-01

    report summarizes recent results of integrated geological, geochemical, and geophysical field and laboratory studies conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Cordova and Middleton Island 1?x3 ? quadrangles of coastal southern Alaska. Published open-file reports and maps accompanied by descriptive and interpretative texts, tables, diagrams, and pertinent references provide background information for a mineral-resource assessment of the two quadrangles. Mines in the Cordova and Middleton Island quadrangles produced copper and byproduct gold and silver in the first three decades of the 20th century. The quadrangles may contain potentially significant undiscovered resources of precious and base metals (gold, silver, copper, zinc, and lead) in veins and massive sulfide deposits hosted by Cretaceous and Paleogene sedimentary and volcanic rocks. Resources of manganese also may be present in the Paleogene rocks; uranium resources may be present in Eocene granitic rocks; and placer gold may be present in beach sands near the mouth of the Copper River, in alluvial sands within the canyons of the Copper River, and in smaller alluvial deposits underlain by rocks of the Valdez Group. Significant coal resources are present in the Bering River area, but difficult access and structural complexities have discouraged development. Investigation of numerous oil and gas seeps near Katalla in the eastern part of the area led to the discovery of a small, shallow field from which oil was produced between 1902 and 1933. The field has been inactive since, and subsequent exploration and drilling onshore near Katalla in the 1960's and offshore near Middleton Island on the outer continental shelf in the 1970's and 1980's was not successful.

  5. Turning liabilities into resources: informal village doctors and tuberculosis control in Bangladesh.

    PubMed Central

    Hamid Salim, M. A.; Uplekar, Mukund; Daru, Paul; Aung, Maug; Declercq, E.; Lönnroth, Knut

    2006-01-01

    In 1998, the Damien Foundation Bangladesh invited semi-qualified, private "gram dakter" (Bangla for "village doctors") to participate in tuberculosis (TB) programmes in a population of 26 million people in rural Bangladesh. The organization trained 12 525 village doctors to not only refer suspected TB cases for free diagnosis but also to provide directly observed treatment (DOT) free of charge. Source of referral and place of DOT was recorded as part of the standardized TB recording and reporting system, which enabled us to quantify the contribution of village doctors to case detection rates and also allowed disaggregated cohort analysis of treatment outcome. During 2002 and 2003, 11% of all TB cases with positive sputum smears in the study area had been referred by village doctors; the rate of positive tests in patients referred by village doctors was 14.4%. 18 792 patients received DOT from village doctors, accounting for between 20% and 45% of patients on treatment during the 1998-2003 period. The treatment success rate was about 90% throughout the period. Urine samples taken during random checks of treatment compliance were positive for isoniazid in 98% of patients treated by village doctors. Within the framework of Public-Private Mix DOTS, services provided by semi-qualified private health care providers are a feasible and effective way to improve access to affordable high quality TB treatment in poor rural populations. The large informal health workforce that exists in resource poor countries can be used to achieve public health goals. Involvement of village doctors in TB control has now become national policy in Bangladesh. PMID:16799732

  6. Informing the gestalt: an ethical framework for allocating scarce federal public health and medical resources to states during disasters.

    PubMed

    Knebel, Ann R; Sharpe, Virginia A; Danis, Marion; Toomey, Lauren M; Knickerbocker, Deborah K

    2014-02-01

    During catastrophic disasters, government leaders must decide how to efficiently and effectively allocate scarce public health and medical resources. The literature about triage decision making at the individual patient level is substantial, and the National Response Framework provides guidance about the distribution of responsibilities between federal and state governments. However, little has been written about the decision-making process of federal leaders in disaster situations when resources are not sufficient to meet the needs of several states simultaneously. We offer an ethical framework and logic model for decision making in such circumstances. We adapted medical triage and the federalism principle to the decision-making process for allocating scarce federal public health and medical resources. We believe that the logic model provides a values-based framework that can inform the gestalt during the iterative decision process used by federal leaders as they allocate scarce resources to states during catastrophic disasters. PMID:24612854

  7. Infobuttons and classification models: a method for the automatic selection of on-line information resources to fulfill clinicians’ information needs

    PubMed Central

    Del Fiol, Guilherme; Haug, Peter J.

    2008-01-01

    Objective Infobuttons are decision support tools that offer links to information resources based on the context of the interaction between a clinician and an electronic medical record (EMR) system. The objective of this study was to explore machine learning and web usage mining methods to produce classification models for the prediction of information resources that might be relevant in a particular infobutton context. Design Classification models were developed and evaluated with an infobutton usage dataset. The performance of the models was measured and compared with a reference implementation in a series of experiments. Measurements Level of agreement (kappa) between the models and the resources that clinicians actually used in each infobutton session. Results The classification models performed significantly better than the reference implementation (p<0.0001). The performance of these models tended to decrease over time, probably due to a phenomenon known as concept drift. However, the performance of the models remained stable when concept drift handling techniques were used. Conclusion The results suggest that classification models are a promising method for the prediction of information resources that a clinician would use to answer patient care questions. PMID:18249041

  8. Argentina spectral-agronomic multitemporal data set

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Helmer, D.; Kinzler, C.; Tomppkins, M. A.; Badhwar, G. D.

    1983-01-01

    A multitemporal LANDSAT spectral data set was created. The data set is over five 5 nm-by-6 nm areas over Argentina and contains by field, the spectral data, vegetation type and cloud cover information.

  9. Nanoinformatics workshop report: current resources, community needs and the proposal of a collaborative framework for data sharing and information integration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harper, Stacey L.; Hutchison, James E.; Baker, Nathan; Ostraat, Michele; Tinkle, Sally; Steevens, Jeffrey; Hoover, Mark D.; Adamick, Jessica; Rajan, Krishna; Gaheen, Sharon; Cohen, Yoram; Nel, Andre; Cachau, Raul E.; Tuominen, Mark

    2013-01-01

    The quantity of information on nanomaterial properties and behavior continues to grow rapidly. Without a concerted effort to collect, organize and mine disparate information coming out of current research efforts, the value and effective use of this information will be limited at best. Data will not be translated to knowledge. At worst, erroneous conclusions will be drawn and future research may be misdirected. Nanoinformatics can be a powerful approach to enhance the value of global information in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Much progress has been made through grassroots efforts in nanoinformatics resulting in a multitude of resources and tools for nanoscience researchers. In 2012, the nanoinformatics community believed it was important to critically evaluate and refine currently available nanoinformatics approaches in order to best inform the science and support the future of predictive nanotechnology. The Greener Nano 2012: Nanoinformatics Tools and Resources Workshop brought together informatics groups with materials scientists active in nanoscience research to evaluate and reflect on the tools and resources that have recently emerged in support of predictive nanotechnology. The workshop goals were to establish a better understanding of current nanoinformatics approaches and to clearly define immediate and projected informatics infrastructure needs of the nanotechnology community. The theme of nanotechnology environmental health and safety (nanoEHS) was used to provide real-world, concrete examples on how informatics can be utilized to advance our knowledge and guide nanoscience. The benefit here is that the same properties that impact the performance of products could also be the properties that inform EHS. From a decision management standpoint, the dual use of such data should be considered a priority. Key outcomes include a proposed collaborative framework for data collection, data sharing and information integration.

  10. The human resource information system: a rapid appraisal of Pakistan’s capacity to employ the tool

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Human resources are an important building block of the health system. During the last decade, enormous investment has gone into the information systems to manage human resources, but due to the lack of a clear vision, policy, and strategy, the results of these efforts have not been very visible. No reliable information portal captures the actual state of human resources in Pakistan’s health sector. The World Health Organization (WHO) has provided technical support for the assessment of the existing system and development of a comprehensive Human Resource Information System (HRIS) in Pakistan. Methods The questions in the WHO-HRIS Assessment tool were distributed into five thematic groups. Purposively selected (n=65) representatives from the government, private sector, and development partners participated in this cross sectional study, based on their programmatic affiliations. Results Fifty-five percent of organizations and departments have an independent Human Resources (HR) section managed by an establishment branch and are fully equipped with functional computers. Forty-five organizations (70%) had HR rules, regulations and coordination mechanisms, yet these are not implemented. Data reporting is mainly in paper form, on prescribed forms (51%), registers (3%) or even plain papers (20%). Data analysis does not give inputs to the decision making process and dissemination of information is quite erratic. Most of the organizations had no feedback mechanism for cross checking the HR data, rendering it unreliable. Conclusion Pakistan is lacking appropriate HRIS management. The current HRIS indeed has a multitude of problems. In the wake of 2011 reforms within the health sector, provinces are even in a greater need for planning their respective health department services and must work on the deficiencies and inefficiencies of their HRIS so that the gaps and HR needs are better aligned for reaching the 2015 UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets. PMID:24016066

  11. Evaluation of generic medical information accessed via mobile phones at the point of care in resource-limited settings

    PubMed Central

    Goldbach, Hayley; Chang, Aileen Y; Kyer, Andrea; Ketshogileng, Dineo; Taylor, Lynne; Chandra, Amit; Dacso, Matthew; Kung, Shiang-Ju; Rijken, Taatske; Fontelo, Paul; Littman-Quinn, Ryan; Seymour, Anne K; Kovarik, Carrie L

    2014-01-01

    Objective Many mobile phone resources have been developed to increase access to health education in the developing world, yet few studies have compared these resources or quantified their performance in a resource-limited setting. This study aims to compare the performance of resident physicians in answering clinical scenarios using PubMed abstracts accessed via the PubMed for Handhelds (PubMed4Hh) website versus medical/drug reference applications (Medical Apps) accessed via software on the mobile phone. Methods A two-arm comparative study with crossover design was conducted. Subjects, who were resident physicians at the University of Botswana, completed eight scenarios, each with multi-part questions. The primary outcome was a grade for each question. The primary independent variable was the intervention arm and other independent variables included residency and question. Results Within each question type there were significant differences in ‘percentage correct’ between Medical Apps and PubMed4Hh for three of the six types of questions: drug-related, diagnosis/definitions, and treatment/management. Within each of these question types, Medical Apps had a higher percentage of fully correct responses than PubMed4Hh (63% vs 13%, 33% vs 12%, and 41% vs 13%, respectively). PubMed4Hh performed better for epidemiologic questions. Conclusions While mobile access to primary literature remains important and serves an information niche, mobile applications with condensed content may be more appropriate for point-of-care information needs. Further research is required to examine the specific information needs of clinicians in resource-limited settings and to evaluate the appropriateness of current resources in bridging location- and context-specific information gaps. PMID:23535665

  12. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN MANAGING OF TERRITORIAL RESOURCES: AN EXAMPLE FOR THE SABATINI GEOTHERMAL SYSTEM (CENTRAL ITALY)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Procesi, M.; Cinti, D.; Poncia, P.; de Rita, D.

    2009-12-01

    Geographic Information System (GIS) is very important tool in managing the interdisciplinary researches and territorial resources. GIS integrates data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information. They can represent a scientific and social benefit. Here we present an application of GIS to a potentially exploitable geothermal area. The geothermal resource can be used either indirectly or directly. In the first case electricity is produced from high enthalpy systems. In second case heating and cooling systems are obtained from medium or low enthalpy systems. Italian geothermal resources employment is still poorly developed in direct use sector, despite the great geothermal potentials suitable for this purpuse. Often this limited application is due mainly to a inadequate territory knowledge and sometimes by difficulties in obtaining required information. In this case the creation of a geo-database can be extremely helpful. The studied area is located in Central Italy, just north of Rome, and comprise the western part of the Sabatini Volcanic District, Tolfa Mountains, extending up to Civitavecchia. Exploration surveys investigated this area during 70’s-90’s for geothermal purpose, but the area still results unexploited. The presence of thermal waters and of anomalous heat flow, together with demographical growing of the last years, make this site a suitable location for direct applications of the geothermal resource. Previews work and new data about geological, structural, hydrogeological, geochemical features have been processed to be recorded in a geo-database . Further, social data about demographical trend and available scientific record concerning the studied area fulfill the database. The majority of available geological information date back to early 90’s; an important part of the work consisted in the digitalization and updating of pre-existent data. The final product is a WEB-GIS that can facilitate diffusion and consultation of geographically referenced data, which can be easily managed by public and private infrastructures, research institutes and universities, allowing a better development of the territorial resources.

  13. A review of remote-sensing-based spatial/temporal information capturing for water resource studies in Poyang Lake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Guofeng

    2009-10-01

    Remote sensing techniques have been widely applied to capture spatial/temporal information for water resource studies and they provide great useful information for keeping the managements and sustainable developments of aquatic ecosystems. Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China, is located at the southern bank of the middle Yangtze River, and the high water quality makes it an important international wetland, allowing its ecosystem to provide significant benefits to the society. This paper aims to review recent applications of remote sensing techniques on capturing spatial/temporal information for water resource studies in Poyang Lake. The Poyang Lake and remote sensing techniques are briefly introduced first. Then the applications of remote sensing techniques on the studies of water level, water area, flooding disaster, water quality (e.g. water clarity and suspended sediment concentration) and eutrophication of Poyang Lake are reviewed. Finally some potential applications of remote sensing techniques on Poyang Lake and conclusion are summarized. It is hoped that this paper might provide necessary and integrated information for the researchers to understand the applications of remote sensing techniques in the water resource studies and to establish foundation for their further studies in Poyang Lake.

  14. Recursos de Trabajo: Informacion sobre Carreras (Occupational Resources: Career Information). CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Putnam and Northern Westchester Counties Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Yorktown Heights, NY.

    Part of a two-level career education curriculum initially developed for migrant children, the book is the first of three secondary level texts designed to provide high school students with self-awareness, job and role information, and decision-making/goal attaining information related to career education. The text provides job and role information

  15. Cross-Layer Resource Allocation for Downlink Access Using Instantaneous Fading and Queue Length Information

    E-print Network

    Marques, Antonio Garcia

    --Cross-layer algorithms that jointly allocate re- sources at different layers are known to foster the communication] to derive resource allocation algorithms that optimize the system performance while guarantee the queues and rate loadings in every channel. The optimal cross-layer resource allocation (flows, powers, rates

  16. Exploration and Description of Faith-Based Health Resources: Findings Inform Advancing Holistic Health Care.

    PubMed

    Dyess, Susan MacLeod

    2015-01-01

    It is important to use all holistic resource opportunities in communities, such as integrative healing centers, and mind-body-spirit approaches to health. These holistic approaches may be realized through nontraditional avenues, such as faith-based resources. This article reports on an exploratory study that describes faith-based resources supporting holistic health in a southeastern region of the United States. A working definition for "faith-based health resources" was "ecumenical and interfaith community-based, open-access health resources that include in mission for service a reference to faith." Excluded from the definition were institutional services from hospitals, focused social services from area agencies, and federally funded services. PMID:26086465

  17. Cancer - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - cancer ... The following organizations are good resources for information on cancer : American Cancer Society - www.cancer.org Cancer Care - www.cancercare.org National Cancer Institute - www.cancer.gov

  18. SIDS - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - SIDS ... The following organizations are good resources for information on SIDS : American SIDS Institute - www.sids.org Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - www.cdc.gov/sids National ...

  19. Migraine - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - migraine ... The following organizations are good resources for information on migraines : American Migraine Foundation - www.americanmigrainefoundation.org National Headache Foundation - www.headaches.org National Institute of Neurological Disorders ...

  20. Breastfeeding - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - breastfeeding ... The following organizations are good resources for information on breastfeeding and breastfeeding problems : La Leche League International Inc. - www.lalecheleague.org March of Dimes - www.marchofdimes.com/ ...

  1. Ostomy - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - ostomy ... The following organizations are good resources for information on ostomies: American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons - www.fascrs.org/patients/treatments_and_screenings/ostomy United Ostomy ...

  2. Infertility - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - infertility ... The following organizations are good resources for information on infertility : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - www.cdc/gov/reproductivehealth/infertility March of Dimes - www.marchofdimes.com/ ...

  3. Psoriasis - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - psoriasis ... The following organization is a good resource for information on psoriasis : American Academy of Dermatology - www.aad.org/skin-conditions/dermatology-a-to-z/psoriasis National Institute of Arthritis ...

  4. Lupus - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - lupus ... The following organizations are good resources for information on systemic lupus erythematosus : The Lupus Foundation of America - www.lupus.org The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal ...

  5. Alcoholism - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - alcoholism ... The following organizations are good resources for information on alcoholism : Alcoholics Anonymous - www.alcoholics-anonymous.org Al-Anon/Alateen - www.al-anon.org National Institute on Alcohol ...

  6. Epilepsy - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - epilepsy ... The following organizations are good resources for information on epilepsy : American Epilepsy Society - www.aesnet.org Epilepsy Foundation of America (EFA) - www.efa.org National Institute of ...

  7. Autism - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - autism ... The following organizations and links are good resources for information on autism : Association for Science in Autism Treatment | www.asatonline.org Autism Society of America | www.autism-society.org Autism Speaks | ...

  8. Incontinence - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - incontinence ... The following organizations are good resources for information on incontinence. Fecal incontinence : The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - www.acog.org/~/media/for%20patients/faq139.ashx ...

  9. ALS - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - ALS ... The following organizations are good resources for information on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis : Muscular Dystrophy Association - http://mda.org/disease/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis National Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) ...

  10. Blindness - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - blindness ... The following organizations are good resources for information on blindness : American Foundation for the Blind - www.afb.org Foundation Fighting Blindness - www.blindness.org National Eye Institute - ...

  11. Scleroderma - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - scleroderma ... The following organizations are good resources for information on scleroderma : American College of Rheumatology - http://www.rheumatology.org/practice/clinical/patients/diseases_and_conditions/scleroderma.asp National ...

  12. Scoliosis - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - scoliosis ... The following organizations are good resources for information on scoliosis : American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons - http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00236 National Institute of Arthritis ...

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 48, NO. 6, JUNE 2002 1319 Spectral Efficiency in the Wideband Regime

    E-print Network

    Verdú, Sergio

    - tion," Claude Shannon [1] pointed out that as the bandwidth tends to infinity, the channel capacity communication satisfies 1.59 dB (3) Gaussian inputs are not mandatory to achieve (1). In 1948, Shannon [2] had energy in con- trast to the standard Shannon setting in which the information per degree of freedom

  14. An inventory of state natural resources information systems. [including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martinko, E. A. (principal investigator); Caron, L. M.; Stewart, D. S.

    1984-01-01

    Data bases and information systems developed and maintained by state agencies to support planning and management of environmental and nutural resources were inventoried for all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands. The information obtained is assembled into a computerized data base catalog which is throughly cross-referecence. Retrieval is possible by code, state, data base name, data base acronym, agency, computer, GIS capability, language, specialized software, data category name, geograhic reference, data sources, and level of reliability. The 324 automated data bases identified are described.

  15. Fuzzy-rule-based Adaptive Resource Control for Information Sharing in P2P Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Zhengping; Wu, Hao

    With more and more peer-to-peer (P2P) technologies available for online collaboration and information sharing, people can launch more and more collaborative work in online social networks with friends, colleagues, and even strangers. Without face-to-face interactions, the question of who can be trusted and then share information with becomes a big concern of a user in these online social networks. This paper introduces an adaptive control service using fuzzy logic in preference definition for P2P information sharing control, and designs a novel decision-making mechanism using formal fuzzy rules and reasoning mechanisms adjusting P2P information sharing status following individual users' preferences. Applications of this adaptive control service into different information sharing environments show that this service can provide a convenient and accurate P2P information sharing control for individual users in P2P networks.

  16. 76 FR 18573 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Resource Bank

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-04

    ...L. 111-117 approved December 16, 2009) funds technical assistance for HUD programs under the Transformation Initiative (TI) account. The National Resource Bank will provide cities tailored technical support through a ``one-stop-shop'' of...

  17. 77 FR 33229 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; National Resource Network

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-05

    ...L. 112- 55, approved Nov. 18, 2011) funds technical assistance for HUD programs under the Transformation Initiative (TI) account. Through the SC2 National Resource Network, HUD and its partners will offer a central portal to connect...

  18. Developing, implementing, and evaluating tuberculosis laboratory information systems for resource-poor settings

    E-print Network

    Blaya, Joaquin A. (Joaquin Andres), 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients in resource-poor settings experience large delays in starting appropriate drug regimens and are often not monitored appropriately due to an overburdened health care system, ...

  19. 36 CFR 293.15 - Gathering information about resources other than minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...posting of performance bonds. (d) Prospecting for water resources and the establishment of new reservoirs, water-conservation works, power projects, transmission lines, and other facilities needed in the public interest and the...

  20. 36 CFR 293.15 - Gathering information about resources other than minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...compatible with the preservation of the wilderness environment. Prospecting for minerals or any activity for the purpose of gathering...areas, including the posting of performance bonds. (d) Prospecting for water resources and the establishment of new...