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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Information Resource Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the function of information resources, predicts the increased importance of computers, and emphasizes that computer information systems are a resource to support institutional operation and management. Enumerates the components in planning for the use of information technology. Presents the Virginia Community College System's information

Rossmeier, Joseph G.

1981-01-01

2

Information Resource Management Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Information Resource Management Plan (IRMP) identifies the information needs required to meet the Aviation Security Research and Development Service (ACA) mission. The Security Information Management System (SIMS) will be the delivery vehicle through ...

R. R. Polillo D. J. Fabry M. Castronuovo J. Berkowitz

1993-01-01

3

Drought Resources and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Drought Resources and Information Web site is maintained by the Utah State University Extension Water Resource Issues Team, which was created to "address information needs related to water conservation and quality in agriculture and urban settings." The site provides information on several subjects including landscape irrigation, agricultural water uses, home water conservation, drought and weather monitoring, and more.

2001-01-01

4

Spectral information divergence for hyperspectral image analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors propose an information theoretic criterion, called spectral information divergence (SID) for spectral similarity and discriminability. It is derived from the concept of divergence arising in information theory and can be used to describe the statistics of a spectrum. Unlike spectral angle mapper (SAM) which extracts geometric features between two spectra, SID views each pixel spectrum as a random

Chein-I Chang

1999-01-01

5

Solar Radiation Resource Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Solar Radiation Resource Information page for the RReDC which provides information on several types of renewable energy resources in the United States, in the form of publications, data, and maps. An extensive dictionary of renewable energy related terms is also provided. This page has links to: -Archived Data -NREL Data Collection Activities -Solar Spectra -Solar Codes & Algorithms -Solar Models -Solar Calculators -Publications. Keyword: Photovoltaic, cell, PV.

2012-10-15

6

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

7

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

Loken, S.C. [ed.

1993-01-01

8

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

9

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

10

Surface Reflectance Estimation Using Prior Spatial and Spectral Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surface prior-information reflectance estimation (SPIRE) algorithms estimate changes in spectral reflectance using imperfect prior spatial and spectral information. This paper combines spectral and spatial processing to estimate local changes in spectral reflectance between pairs of spectral images under spatially and spectrally varying multiplicative and additive noise, which arise from variations in illumination and atmospheric effects. This approach extends the spatial

Herbert E. M. Viggh; David H. Staelin

2007-01-01

11

Water resources scientific information center  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Water Resources Scientific Information Center (WRSIC) acquires, abstracts and indexes the major water resources related literature of the world, and makes information available to the water resources community and the public. A component of the Water Resources Division of the US Geological Survey, the Center maintains a searchable computerized bibliographic data base, and publishers a monthly journal of abstracts. Through its services, the Center is able to provide reliable scientific and technical information about the most recent water resources developments, as well as long-term trends and changes. WRSIC was established in 1966 by the Secretary of the Interior to further the objectives of the Water Resources Research Act of 1964--legislation that encouraged research in water resources and the prevention of needless duplication of research efforts. It was determined the WRSIC should be the national center for information on water resources, covering research reports, scientific journals, and other water resources literature of the world. WRSIC would evaluate all water resources literature, catalog selected articles, and make the information available in publications or by computer access. In this way WRSIC would increase the availability and awareness of water related scientific and technical information. (Lantz-PTT)

Cardin, C. William; Campbell, J. T.

1986-01-01

12

Information Resources Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Transfer of scientific and technical information between and among nations poses increasing challenges because of: 1) larger and larger volumes of data exchanged; 2) the increasing variety of information interchange media; 3) larger and larger numbers of ...

F. W. Horton

1988-01-01

13

Metadata for Electronic Information Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rationale for cataloging and indexing of electronic information is much the same as for print materials. Cataloging and indexing provide a surrogate for the item, which facilitates resource discovery and access. But, what has changed in the electronic...

G. Hodge

2004-01-01

14

Monitoring and visualizing information resources  

SciTech Connect

The continuous increase in information necessitates monitoring and display techniques that maximize comprehension yet minimize effort. In this paper, we discuss the use of hypertools, confluent zoom and graphical encoding of text as solutions to this problem, and we introduce Irwin and information resource and display tool.

McCrickard, D.S. [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Graphics, Visualization, and Usability Center; Rowan, T.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1996-07-01

15

Managing Information Resources for Accessibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook presents guidance for federal managers and other personnel who are unfamiliar with the policy and practice of information accessibility to accommodate users with disabilities and to provide for their effective access to information resources. It addresses federal requirements for accessibility, adopting accessibility as a sound…

General Services Administration, Washington, DC. Clearinghouse on Computer Accommodation.

16

Spectral information from minerals relevant for luminescence dating  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews basic spectral features of luminescence from minerals used in dating and allied research. Luminescence production is a result of multiple interactions within the imperfect crystal lattice and spectral information is not limited to the emission of light. Results of spectral investigations of luminescence emission during thermal stimulation (TL) or optical stimulation (OSL) form the main part of

M. R. Krbetschek; J. Götze; A. Dietrich; T. Trautmann

1997-01-01

17

Organizing for Information Resource Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive information resource management system is the key to the future of quality data management. Instituting and developing the system requires a major commitment from institutional leadership. The institutional researcher can take steps to solve some of the initial problems and increase institutional awareness for the systems'…

Miselis, Karen L.

1990-01-01

18

Resource and Information Sharing Mechanism Based on Spatial Information Grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial information grid is established in the environment of distributed grid. With the capability of offering required services, it can immediately customize specific services and resolve the problem in sharing and cooperation of distributed massive heterogeneous spatial data. Based on spatial information grid, aim of resource and information sharing mechanism is aggregating computing resource, information resource, hardware, software resource and

Zhong Xie; Miao-Miao Song; Xian-Gang Luo

2008-01-01

19

Internet Information Resources for Analytical Chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web collection of electronic materials on Internet information resources for analytical chemistry (http:\\/\\/www.geokhi.ru\\/~rusanalytchem\\/Resources\\/ default.htm) is reviewed. Data on the most informative sites maintained by institutions of various countries are systematized.

V. I. Shirokova; V. P. Kolotov

2001-01-01

20

Lossless compression of multispectral images using spectral information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multispectral images are available for different purposes due to developments in spectral imaging systems. The sizes of multispectral images are enormous. Thus transmission and storage of these volumes of data require huge time and memory resources. That is why compression algorithms must be developed. A salient property of multispectral images is that strong spectral correlation exists throughout almost all bands. This fact is successfully used to predict each band based on the previous bands. We propose to use spectral linear prediction and entropy coding with context modeling for encoding multispectral images. Linear prediction predicts the value for the next sample and computes the difference between predicted value and the original value. This difference is usually small, so it can be encoded with less its than the original value. The technique implies prediction of each image band by involving number of bands along the image spectra. Each pixel is predicted using information provided by pixels in the previous bands in the same spatial position. As done in the JPEG-LS, the proposed coder also represents the mapped residuals by using an adaptive Golomb-Rice code with context modeling. This residual coding is context adaptive, where the context used for the current sample is identified by a context quantization function of the three gradients. Then, context-dependent Golomb-Rice code and bias parameters are estimated sample by sample. The proposed scheme was compared with three algorithms applied to the lossless compression of multispectral images, namely JPEG-LS, Rice coding, and JPEG2000. Simulation tests performed on AVIRIS images have demonstrated that the proposed compression scheme is suitable for multispectral images.

Ma, Long; Shi, Zelin; Tang, Xusheng

2009-10-01

21

Information-efficient spectral imaging sensor  

DOEpatents

A programmable optical filter for use in multispectral and hyperspectral imaging. The filter splits the light collected by an optical telescope into two channels for each of the pixels in a row in a scanned image, one channel to handle the positive elements of a spectral basis filter and one for the negative elements of the spectral basis filter. Each channel for each pixel disperses its light into n spectral bins, with the light in each bin being attenuated in accordance with the value of the associated positive or negative element of the spectral basis vector. The spectral basis vector is constructed so that its positive elements emphasize the presence of a target and its negative elements emphasize the presence of the constituents of the background of the imaged scene. The attenuated light in the channels is re-imaged onto separate detectors for each pixel and then the signals from the detectors are combined to give an indication of the presence or not of the target in each pixel of the scanned scene. This system provides for a very efficient optical determination of the presence of the target, as opposed to the very data intensive data manipulations that are required in conventional hyperspectral imaging systems.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Gentry, Stephen M. (Albuquerque, NM); Boye, Clinton A. (Albuquerque, NM); Grotbeck, Carter L. (Albuquerque, NM); Stallard, Brian R. (Albuquerque, NM); Descour, Michael R. (Tucson, AZ)

2003-01-01

22

On the spectral information distribution in optical fibres  

Microsoft Academic Search

A revision of the traditional way of looking at the spectral distribution of the information in optical fibres is proposed. General design rules for the design of high capacity transmission systems are reported.

Hadrien Louchet; Klaus Petermann; Alan Robinson; Richard Epworth

2004-01-01

23

Information resource management concepts for records managers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information Resource Management (ERM) is the label given to the various approaches used to foster greater accountability for the use of computing resources. It is a corporate philosophy that treats information as it would its other resources. There is a r...

P. R. Seesing

1992-01-01

24

Using spectral information in forensic imaging.  

PubMed

Improved detection of forensic evidence by combining narrow band photographic images taken at a range of wavelengths is dependent on the substance of interest having a significantly different spectrum from the underlying substrate. While some natural substances such as blood have distinctive spectral features which are readily distinguished from common colorants, this is not true for visualization agents commonly used in forensic science. We now show that it is possible to select reagents with narrow spectral features that lead to increased visibility using digital cameras and computer image enhancement programs even if their coloration is much less intense to the unaided eye than traditional reagents. The concept is illustrated by visualising latent fingermarks on paper with the zinc complex of Ruhemann's Purple, cyanoacrylate-fumed fingerprints with Eu(tta)(3)(phen), and soil prints with 2,6-bis(benzimidazol-2-yl)-4-[4'-(dimethylamino)phenyl]pyridine [BBIDMAPP]. In each case background correction is performed at one or two wavelengths bracketing the narrow absorption or emission band of these compounds. However, compounds with sharp spectral features would also lead to improved detection using more advanced algorithms such as principal component analysis. PMID:16226148

Miskelly, Gordon M; Wagner, John H

2004-12-30

25

Research on semantic information resource catalog  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding and locating information resource can be solved by information resource catalog, while traditional catalogs are on the basis of meta data technology, by which queries have bad quality. Information found can not be shared effectively because of understanding obstacle to it. A new catalog technology is proposed, with which semantic data are used to describe characters of shared government

Zhenxin Qu

2010-01-01

26

Human Resources for Information Development in Sudan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the state of human resources development in Sudan's information industry. Training problems and the emigration of high level personnel are discussed, guidelines for human resource development are suggested, and national strategies to develop and retain Sudan's human resources are suggested. (EA)

Wesley, Cecile

1992-01-01

27

Resource brokering service: timely and efficient information resource allocation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We address supporting unanticipated users and uses of limited information resources (sensors, databases, weapons - any resource intrinsically tied to digital information) in a timely and efficient fashion. Platform-centric systems often preclude users and uses not identified when the system was developed and deployed. Net-centric approaches, however, can address these problems by allowing services and information to be discovered and accessed at run-time. We have developed a resource brokering service that uses net-centric principles and semantic metadata to enable multi-domain information and resource sharing and support for unanticipated users and uses. The resource brokering service uses federated brokering agents and a modular software component framework for dynamically composing and tasking heterogeneous resources including sensors, data feeds, processors, archived data, networks, and even analysts into resilient, mission-oriented workflows. The resource brokering service is applicable to multiple sense-decide-act military domains including missile defense, space situation awareness, ISR, border protection, and cyber defense. In this paper we present a concept and architecture for resource brokering and describe current applications. Our architecture is aligned with the U.S. DoD's NCES (Net-Centric Enterprise Services).

van Hook, Daniel J.; Ljungberg, Magnus; Shaw, Robert; Ford, Mark; Aubin, Ethan; Konieczny, Eric; Lee, Daniel H.; Brown, Samuel T.

2010-04-01

28

The Australian Soil Resource Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Soil Resource Information System (ASRIS) provides online access to the best available soil and land resource information in a consistent format across the country - the level of detail depends on the survey coverage in each region. ASRIS provides a spatial hierarchy of land-unit tracts with seven main levels of generalization. The upper three levels provide descriptions of

Neil McKenzie; David Jacquier

29

Natural resource information from monopoly to competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geographic information systems and remote sensing technologies have been rapidly adopted in many sectors of the natural resource field. Falling hardware prices and ever more powerful yet easier to use software have not only reduced the cost but have also broadened the accessibility of these technologies. Technological advances are making the generation and use of resource information a competitive process.

Stan Aronoff

1993-01-01

30

Spectral information retrieval from integrated broadband photodiode Martian ultraviolet measurements.  

PubMed

We propose an algorithm to retrieve the global features of the spectral dependence of the ultraviolet (UV) irradiance from integrated, broadband UV measurements performed with a set of photodiodes with different UV filters. This fit, when applied to ground-based measurements and compared with the incident Solar spectral irradiance on the top of the atmosphere, may be used to extract the spectral dependence of the UV opacity and the most relevant parameters characterizing the scattering with atmospheric aerosol (Angstrom exponent, etc.) as well as the biological effective doses. In this way, using a set of photodiodes instead of a spectrophotometer, one may get spectral information within very low mass, package, and weight constraints, which is particularly useful for space missions. We consider its application for the rover-based exploration of the Martian ground, which is subject to daily and seasonal opacity variations. PMID:17767317

Vázquez, Luis; Zorzano, María-Paz; Jimenez, Salvador

2007-09-01

31

Integrated spectral and spatial information mining in remote sensing imagery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most existing remote sensing image retrieval systems allow only simple queries based on sensor, location, and date of image capture. This approach does not permit the efficient retrieval of useful hidden information from large image databases. This paper presents an integrated approach to retrieving spectral and spatial patterns from remotely sensed imagery using state-of-the-art data mining and advanced database technologies.

Jiang Li; Ram M. Narayanan

2004-01-01

32

Informational approach to intergenerational resource sharing  

SciTech Connect

Given an exhaustible resource whose stock size is unknown, a major normative resource management problem is to distribute this stock over different generations using a sound ethical rule. The authors formulate the complex relationship between different generations in the framework of the classical optimization problem in agency theory. The model brings out the important role played by informational asymmetry in the intergenerational resource sharing problem.

Guruswamy Babu, P. [Indira Gandhi Inst. of Development Research, Bombay (India)

1998-05-01

33

Biomedical Applications of the Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS) approach to spectral imaging seeks to bridge the gap between tuned multispectral and fixed hyperspectral imaging sensors. By allowing the definition of completely general spectral filter functions, ...

S. M. Gentry R. Levenson

1999-01-01

34

National Biological Information Infrastructure: Teacher Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal, published by the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), provides educators, parents, and students with access to online resources that emphasize the teaching of biology, biodiversity, and ecology. Materials include activities, lesson plans, experiments, projects, resources, and references for classroom and home use. They are arranged by general curriculum, by state, and by subject (birds, botany, insects, etc.).

35

Electronic information resources for food toxicology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manuscript provides a brief overview of many useful Internet resources concerning food toxicology. Specific topic areas include pesticide residues, food additives, natural toxins, environmental contaminants, and food allergies; numerous links and evaluative information are provided within each topic area. Several helpful Internet resources have been identified and include government, industry, academic, and consumer sites.

Carl K. Winter

2002-01-01

36

Alternative Fuel School Bus Information Resources  

SciTech Connect

This 4-page Clean Cities fact sheet provides a list of important resources for learning more about alternative fuels in school buses. It includes information regarding Alternative Fuel School Bus Manufacturers, Alternative Fuel HD Engine Manufacturers, Alternative Fuel School Bus Operators, and Key Web Resources for Alternative Fuels.

Not Available

2004-04-01

37

Strategic Information Resources Management: Fundamental Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses six fundamental information resources management (IRM) practices in successful organizations that can improve government service delivery performance. Highlights include directing changes, integrating IRM decision making into a strategic management process, performance management, maintaining an investment philosophy, using business…

Caudle, Sharon L.

1996-01-01

38

Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Integrating Resources by Integrating Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), an organization charged with providing information services to the Department of Defense (DoD) scientific and technical community, actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the technical…

Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

39

Information resource management concepts for records managers  

SciTech Connect

Information Resource Management (ERM) is the label given to the various approaches used to foster greater accountability for the use of computing resources. It is a corporate philosophy that treats information as it would its other resources. There is a reorientation from simply expenditures to considering the value of the data stored on that hardware. Accountability for computing resources is expanding beyond just the data processing (DP) or management information systems (MIS) manager to include senior organization management and user management. Management's goal for office automation is being refocused from saving money to improving productivity. A model developed by Richard Nolan (1982) illustrates the basic evolution of computer use in organizations. Computer Era: (1) Initiation (computer acquisition), (2) Contagion (intense system development), (3) Control (proliferation of management controls). Data Resource Era: (4) Integration (user service orientation), (5) Data Administration (corporate value of information), (6) Maturity (strategic approach to information technology). The first three stages mark the growth of traditional data processing and management information systems departments. The development of the IRM philosophy in an organization involves the restructuring of the DP organization and new management techniques. The three stages of the Data Resource Era represent the evolution of IRM. This paper examines each of them in greater detail.

Seesing, P.R.

1992-10-01

40

Information resource management concepts for records managers  

SciTech Connect

Information Resource Management (ERM) is the label given to the various approaches used to foster greater accountability for the use of computing resources. It is a corporate philosophy that treats information as it would its other resources. There is a reorientation from simply expenditures to considering the value of the data stored on that hardware. Accountability for computing resources is expanding beyond just the data processing (DP) or management information systems (MIS) manager to include senior organization management and user management. Management`s goal for office automation is being refocused from saving money to improving productivity. A model developed by Richard Nolan (1982) illustrates the basic evolution of computer use in organizations. Computer Era: (1) Initiation (computer acquisition), (2) Contagion (intense system development), (3) Control (proliferation of management controls). Data Resource Era: (4) Integration (user service orientation), (5) Data Administration (corporate value of information), (6) Maturity (strategic approach to information technology). The first three stages mark the growth of traditional data processing and management information systems departments. The development of the IRM philosophy in an organization involves the restructuring of the DP organization and new management techniques. The three stages of the Data Resource Era represent the evolution of IRM. This paper examines each of them in greater detail.

Seesing, P.R.

1992-10-01

41

30 CFR 779.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Soil resources information. 779.21 Section 779...RESOURCES § 779.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information of the permit area...

2010-07-01

42

30 CFR 783.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Soil resources information. 783.21 Section 783...RESOURCES § 783.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information on those portions of...

2009-07-01

43

30 CFR 783.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Soil resources information. 783.21 Section 783...RESOURCES § 783.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information on those portions of...

2010-07-01

44

30 CFR 779.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Soil resources information. 779.21 Section 779...RESOURCES § 779.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information of the permit area...

2009-07-01

45

30 CFR 779.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Soil resources information. 779.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES § 779.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information of the permit...

2013-07-01

46

30 CFR 783.21 - Soil resources information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Soil resources information. 783.21 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES § 783.21 Soil resources information. (a) The applicant shall provide adequate soil survey information on those...

2013-07-01

47

Cancer caregivers information needs and resource preferences.  

PubMed

This study sought to characterize the need for information about personal psychosocial care, providing direct care, and managing care among cancer caregivers and to explore preferred resources for caregiving information. Data come from cross-sectional telephone interviews of 1,247 family caregivers, which included 104 cancer caregivers. A majority of cancer caregivers expressed one or more information need for each of the three content categories. Four out of ten caregivers expressed needing information about managing physical and emotional stress. A significantly higher percentage of male caregivers reported needing more information pertinent to providing direct care than females. Heightened objective burden was significantly associated with caregivers preferring to receive information from health professionals than informal sources (e.g., Internet), while the opposite was found among caregivers with lower objective burden. These findings suggest that specific types of information and resources may be most relevant to specific subgroups of cancer caregivers. PMID:23553000

Longacre, Margaret L

2013-06-01

48

Information Resources: Old Questions--New Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how politics and technology are changing the ways in which information is produced, stored, communicated, processed and used; and concludes that, in this new context of changing information resources, the basic political questions--who gets what, when, how--need to be redefined. (CWM)|

Oettinger, Anthony G.

1979-01-01

49

Cataloging and Indexing of Electronic Information Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rationale for cataloging and indexing of electronic information is much the same as for print materials. Cataloging and indexing provide a surrogate for the item, which facilitates resource discovery and access. But, what has changed in the electronic information environment is the terminology. In the Internet environment, the terms cataloging and indexing have been replaced with the term \\

Gail Hodge

2002-01-01

50

Market Based Resource Allocation with Incomplete Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there are some research efforts toward re- source allocation in multi-agent systems (MAS), most of these work assume that each agent has complete information about other agents. This re- search investigates interactions among selfish, ra- tional, and autonomous agents in resource alloca- tion, each with incomplete information about other entities, and each seeking to maximize its expected utility. This

An Bo; Chunyan Miao; Zhiqi Shen

2007-01-01

51

Astronomy and Astrophysics Resource Information Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is based on a survey designed to determine the information-seeking habits of research astronomy and astrophysics faculty, research fellows and graduate students at two academic institutions: the University of Toronto and the University of Chicago. We examine what information resources they prefer and their methods of access, as well as publishing habits. Results are compared and contrasted.

Robbins, L. Kern, B.

2007-10-01

52

Meta-Information Structures for Networked Information Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a model of meta-information architectures (header, local index, and directory) and presents three current or proposed meta-information structures for networked information resources with applicability to organization and access in libraries and networked information environments. Special emphasis is given to the Text Encoding Initiative's TEI Header and Independent Header as a model for meta-information for academic and library

Casey Palowitch; Lisa Horowitz

1996-01-01

53

HRIC: Hybrid Resource Information Service Architecture Based on GMA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resource information service, as a key component of grid, is the basis of the resource allocation, resource performance evaluation and prediction. The validity of the resource information service directly influences the availability of the whole system. One of key points to make information service work well is the precise of the information collected, how to get the valid system information

Hongbo Zou; Hai Jin; Zongfen Han; Xuanhua Shi; Hanhua Chen

2005-01-01

54

Mining foreign language information resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competitive intelligence in a global economy demands information on technological developments reported in languages other than English. This paper provides early results of an effort to mine foreign text sources. It compares French- and English-based profiles of “combustion control” systems technology development based on one Pascal database search set

Robert J. Watts; Alan L. Porter

1999-01-01

55

Technical information resources for criticality safety  

SciTech Connect

This paper will discuss some basic technical information resources that would be helpful to the novice nuclear criticality safety specialist. These include bibliographic and benchmark compilations, handbooks, and online resources. The specialist should also be familiar with benchmark quality experimental data needed for code validation. This paper will also discuss the critical experiment data obtained in the 1950s and 1960s at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Heinrichs, D.P.; Koponen, B.L.

1997-06-25

56

43 CFR 3420.1-2 - Call for coal resource and other resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Call for coal resource and other resource information...Competitive Leasing § 3420.1-2 Call for coal resource and other resource information...use plan or land use analysis, a Call for Coal and Other Resource Information shall...

2012-10-01

57

Analysis and design of community information resource sharing platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community information resource sharing is advanced stage of community informatization. The construction of sharing platform of community information resource is an effective way to promote community information resource sharing and develop community information resource deeply. This paper is based on the researches and survey data all over the world. It also combines the current status of community informatization in China.

Zhao Liu; Yanfang Xu; Kai Zou; Jun Zhou

2011-01-01

58

An information-theoretic approach to spectral variability, similarity, and discrimination for hyperspectral image analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hyperspectral image can be considered as an image cube where the third dimension is the spectral domain represented by hundreds of spectral wavelengths. As a result, a hyperspectral image pixel is actually a column vector with dimension equal to the number of spectral bands and contains valuable spectral information that can be used to account for pixel variability, similarity

Chein-i Chang

2000-01-01

59

Human resource information system in Croatian companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) has radically transformed industry and commerce and through the fundamental redesign of core business it has been applied to multiple elements within organizational activities. One of the keys to an organization's prospering fate lays in human resource management (HRM) practice. IT has a profound effect on the field of HRM propelling it in entirely new directions. HRM

Danijela Markic; Jelena Horvat; Dijana Oreski

2011-01-01

60

Natural Resource Information System. Remote Sensing Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major design objective of the Natural Resource Information System entailed the use of remote sensing data as an input to the system. Potential applications of remote sensing data were therefore reviewed and available imagery interpreted to provide input to a demonstration data base. A literature review was conducted to determine the types and…

Leachtenauer, J.; And Others

61

43 CFR 7.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Confidentiality of archaeological resource information... Uniform Regulations § 7.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the information. (b)...

2012-10-01

62

43 CFR 7.18 - Confidentiality of archaeological resource information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality of archaeological resource information... Uniform Regulations § 7.18 Confidentiality of archaeological resource information...commitment to adequately protect the confidentiality of the information. (b)...

2011-10-01

63

41 CFR 105-53.143 - Information Resources Management Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Information Resources Management Service. 105-53... § 105-53.143 Information Resources Management Service. (a) Creation...improving Federal records and information management practices...

2009-07-01

64

41 CFR 105-53.143 - Information Resources Management Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Information Resources Management Service. 105-53... § 105-53.143 Information Resources Management Service. (a) Creation...improving Federal records and information management practices...

2010-07-01

65

41 CFR 105-53.143 - Information Resources Management Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Information Resources Management Service. 105-53... § 105-53.143 Information Resources Management Service. (a) Creation...improving Federal records and information management practices...

2013-01-01

66

On problems of search of some lunar potential resources by spectral methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A methodical approach is considered that has been developed in the process of using the astronomical technique for investigations of high-Ti formations which may be reservoirs of such resource materials as ilmenite (FeTiO3) and He-3. For better understanding of spectral peculiarities of lunar ilmenite content materials the simulation of lunar maria soils was made by mixing powdered terrestrial ilmenite and basaltic samples. Comparison of the spectral characteristics of simulated and lunar powdered high-Ti basaltic samples shows their close similarity. Some recommendations are proposed for the case of investigation of ilmenite content units on the Moon from space.

Busarev, V. V.

1994-12-01

67

Problems of searching for certain lunar potential resources by spectral methods.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methods, developed in ground-based remote studies, for detecting high-titanium formations on the Moon that accumulate such promising resource materials as ilmenite (FeTiO3) and 3He are discussed. To gain a better understanding of the spectral properties of ilmenite-containing lunar materials, modelling of lunar mare soil samples has been carried out by mixing powdered terrestrial samples of ilmenite and basalts. A comparison of the spectral characteristics of model and lunar powdered basalt samples of high titanium content shows their close similarity. Some recommendations for the study of ilmenite-containing lunar formations from space are formulated.

Busarev, V. V.

1994-09-01

68

RUDI: Resource for Urban Design Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

RUDI, the Resource for Urban Design Information, is an Internet gateway providing instructors, students, researchers, and practitioners with information related to urban design, architecture, planning, and associated disciplines. The collection of materials at RUDI includes case study examples of good practice, scholarly articles and papers, abstracts from urban design journals, bibliographies on urban design topics, the full-text of Urban Design Quarterly, a directory of urban design courses, a comprehensive calendar of events, links to related organizations and Websites, and much more. Currently, this extensive site contains 2,200 multimedia Web pages and nearly 6,000 images. RUDI is sponsored by the University of Hertfordshire and Oxford Brookes University.

69

77 FR 427 - EPAAR Clause for Compliance With EPA Policies for Information Resources Management  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Policies for Information Resources Management AGENCY...policies for information resources management in...Information Resources Management...Office of Information and Regulatory...significant economic impact on...

2012-01-05

70

From color to spectral information: A round-trip ticket  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we outline our current research topics related with the field of multispectral science. We describe the last developments in the field of spectral estimation (spectral recovery) from few sensors, mainly in the field of natural and artificial illuminants. color, spectral, multispectral, sensors, illuminants, recovery I. INTRODUCTION Our human visual system responds to light with wavelengths from 380

Javier Hernandez-Andres; Juan L. Nieves; Eva M. Valero; Javier Romero

2011-01-01

71

What makes human resource information successful? Managers' perceptions of attributes for successful human resource information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human resource information (HRI) is information such as head count, fluctuation, age distributions or results from employee surveys which is available to an organization. Despite being a high-priority issue for practitioners and researchers, this topic remains far from reaching a level at which the users of HRI – mostly managers and senior executives – are satisfied and perceive HRI as

Silvan Winkler; Cornelius J. König; Martin Kleinmann

2012-01-01

72

The Information Discovery Graph: towards a scalable multimedia resource directory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the design, rationale and basic mechanisms of the Information Discovery Graph (IDG), a scalable multimedia resource directory. Facing the fundamental challenge of scaling with both large amounts of resources and large numbers of users, the IDG is made up of a self-organizing hierarchy of information managers, each maintaining resource information for specific topics or areas. Multimedia data sources register

Nathan R. Sturtevant; Nelson Tang; Lixia Zhang

1999-01-01

73

Government information resource catalog and its service system realization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the process of informatization, there produces a great deal of information resources. In order to manage these information resources and use them to serve the management of business, government decision and public life, it is necessary to establish a transparent and dynamic information resource catalog and its service system. This paper takes the land-house management information resource for example. Aim at the characteristics of this kind of information, this paper does classification, identification and description of land-house information in an uniform specification and method, establishes land-house information resource catalog classification system&, metadata standard, identification standard and land-house thematic thesaurus, and in the internet environment, user can search and get their interested information conveniently. Moreover, under the network environment, to achieve speedy positioning, inquiring, exploring and acquiring various types of land-house management information; and satisfy the needs of sharing, exchanging, application and maintenance of land-house management information resources.

Gui, Sheng; Li, Lin; Wang, Hong; Peng, Zifeng

2007-08-01

74

14 CFR 1274.937 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. 1274.937 Section...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources July 2002 (a)...

2013-01-01

75

Current Issues for Higher Education Information Resources Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues identified as important to the future of information resources management and use in higher education include information policy in a networked environment, distributed computing, integrating information resources and college planning, benchmarking information technology, integrated digital libraries, technology integration in teaching,…

CAUSE/EFFECT, 1996

1996-01-01

76

An Agent based Human Resource Management Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human resource means the most to an organization, even the organization is small or large. Human resource management is a critical type of management in the organization. In this paper, we propose an agent based human resource management information system. It comprises a web service and three kinds of agents. The web service provides functions for human resource routine management,

Hu Daiping; Wang Huanchen; Xu Weiguo; Lei Aizhong

77

Earth System Science Informal Education Network (ESSIEN) - Other Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earth System Science Informal Education Network (ESSIEN) is dedicated to improving Earth system literacy through increased communication and collaboration among providers of informal Earth system education. The collection is designed for museum professionals (educators, exhibits designers, developers) as a resource of ideas, tools, traveling exhibits and online materials. The resources are web portals to organizations providing substantial informal Earth system science education. They describe educational programming, resources and exhibits that are pertinent to an informal educator.

78

Mining environmental toxicology information: web resources.  

PubMed

Environmental toxicology is the study of the ecological effects of anthropogenic substances released into the environment. It is a relatively diverse field addressing impacts to aquatic and terrestrial organisms and communities. The determination of potential risk associated with toxic agents is of interest to government regulators, industry, researchers, private organizations and citizen groups. In assessing the ecological risk associated with a chemical stressor, it is important to establish linkages between likely exposure concentrations and adverse effects to ecological receptors. To do so requires access to reliable information resources. The proper application of such data requires familiarity with the scientific literature and keeping abreast of new and emerging issues as well as state-of-the-art research findings and methods. In addition, an understanding of government regulations as they relate to environmental issues is also of primary interest. The advent of the Web has made these tools accessible at computer desktops. This review focuses on currently available free Web resources related to environmental toxicology, specifically those which address available empirical data sources, predictive tools and publications of interest such as standard test methods, guidance documents and governmental regulations. PMID:11955685

Russom, Christine L

2002-04-25

79

[Mineral information extraction for hyperspectral image based on modified spectral feature fitting algorithm].  

PubMed

Spectral feature fitting (SFF) algorithm has been frequently used since 1990s. A modified spectral feature fitting method is introduced here, which can solve some drawback of the general algorithm. The method mentioned here combines SFF with user-defined constraints in spectral absorption feature to extract more accurate target information from hyperspectral image. Two experiments are presented herein, in which three algorithms are used to obtain mineral information from hyperspectral data with different space resolution and SNR. Muscovite, calcite and chlorite etc. are extracted by general SFF, modified SFF and spectral angle mapping (SAM) respectively, and the result indicates that modified SFF algorithm is more effective in differentiating subtle spectral feature and obtaining accurate mineral information. The experiments also demonstrate that the algorithm mentioned here is validated in mineral information extraction. PMID:21847949

Xu, Ning; Hu, Yu-Xin; Lei, Bin; Hong, You-Tang; Dang, Fu-Xing

2011-06-01

80

Resource Information and Forecasting Group; Electricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration (ERBSI) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Researchers in the Resource Information and Forecasting group at NREL provide scientific, engineering, and analytical expertise to help characterize renewable energy resources and facilitate the integration of these clean energy sources into the electricity grid.

Not Available

2009-11-01

81

Computer Science and Information Technology Gateways and Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Computer Science and Information Technology Gateways and Resources collection is comprised of web portals, web sites, and resources in many areas including algorithms and data structures, operating systems and programming languages, software engineering, artificial intelligence, information science, digital-library technologies, and others. Here may be found materials for educators and learners, resources intended for the general public, and materials aimed at research communities devoted to computer science and information technology.

2008-03-14

82

Image-spectroscopy – I. The advantages of increased spectral information for compositional EFTEM analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The acquisition of a series of energy-filtered TEM images over the energy-loss range of interest creates a three-dimensional data set comprising both spatial and spectral information. Such an image-series contains energy-loss information not available with conventional two- or three-window methods, allowing standard techniques for quantitative EELS analysis to be applied to extracted ‘image-spectra’. The increase in spectral information enables improved

P. J Thomas; P. A Midgley

2001-01-01

83

Selected Information Resources on Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The resource guide offers 29 annotated entries directing the user to vocational service organizations. Each entry includes the organization's complete address, telephone number, and statement of the organization's interests, services, resources, and publications. (MW)|

Library of Congress, Washington, DC. National Referral Center for Science and Technology.

84

Intelligent Instruments: Discovering How to Turn Spectral Data into Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Optical Plume Anomaly Detection (OPAD) pro- gram at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center is UB- ing plume spectroscopy for the diagnosis of the Space Shuttle Main Engines. A challenging part of this pro- gram is matching high resolution spectral data with a physicist's model of spectroscopy to produce esti- mates of metallic erosion through the plume. This paper

Wray L. Buntine; Tarang Patel

1995-01-01

85

Colorado State University Extension Natural Resources Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains links to CSU Extension's Natural Resources Programs and to fact sheets pertaining to hot topics in natural resources. This page is also a gateway to CSU Extension's large collection of fact sheets. Natural resource fact sheets are divided into four topics: forestry, range, water and wildlife. Most of the factsheets are available in both HTML and PDF formats. The forestry sheets focus on wildfire prevention issues for homeowners and soil and vegetation recovery techniques.

86

Project LIS: a Web-based resource of IOLS information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project URL originated while identifying electronic resources that promote access to information about integrated online library systems (IOLS). Over 40 students, enrolled in a Web-based asynchronous distance learning graduate level course “Library information systems”, searched the Web for resources that contribute to IOLS. Several hundred sites were initially identified, together with the difficulties associated with such a large set of

Thomas R. Kochtanek; Karen K. Hein

2000-01-01

87

ISIS; An Information-efficient Spectral Imaging System  

SciTech Connect

A specialized hyperspectral imager has been developed that preprocesses the spectra from an image before the light reaches the detectors. This "optical computer" does not allow the flexibility of digital post-processing. However, the processing is done in real time and the system can examine = 2 x 10{sup 6} scene pixels/sec. Therefore, outdoors it could search for pollutants, vegetation types, minerals, or man-made objects. On a high- speed production line it could identify defects in sheet products like plastic wrap or film, or on painted or plastic parts. ISIS is a line scan imager. A spectrally dispersed slit image is projected on a Spatial Light Modulator. The SLM is programmed to take the inner product of the spectral intensity vector and a spectral basis vector. The SLM directs the positive and negative parts of the inner product to different linear detector arrays so the signal difference equals the inner product. We envision a system with one telescope and =4 SLMS.

Boye, C.A.; Descour, M.R.; Gentry, S.M.; Grotbeck, C.L.; Stallard, B.R.; Sweatt, W.C.

1998-07-19

88

Sharing Service Resource Information for Application Integration in a Virtual Enterprise - Modeling the Communication Protocol for Exchanging Service Resource Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Grid computing and web service technologies enable us to use networked resources in a coordinated manner. An integrated service is made of individual services running on coordinated resources. In order to achieve such coordinated services autonomously, the initiator of a coordinated service needs to know detailed service resource information. This information ranges from static attributes like the IP address of the application server to highly dynamic ones like the CPU load. The most famous wide-area service discovery mechanism based on names is DNS. Its hierarchical tree organization and caching methods take advantage of the static information managed. However, in order to integrate business applications in a virtual enterprise, we need a discovery mechanism to search for the optimal resources based on the given a set of criteria (search keys). In this paper, we propose a communication protocol for exchanging service resource information among wide-area systems. We introduce the concept of the service domain that consists of service providers managed under the same management policy. This concept of the service domain is similar to that for autonomous systems (ASs). In each service domain, the service information provider manages the service resource information of service providers that exist in this service domain. The service resource information provider exchanges this information with other service resource information providers that belong to the different service domains. We also verified the protocol's behavior and effectiveness using a simulation model developed for proposed protocol.

Yamada, Hiroshi; Kawaguchi, Akira

89

Information and Analytic Resource Guide. Part I. NCHEMS In-House Resources. First Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information is provided on the data sources and tools used in-house at the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS). The objective of the guide is to serve as a central resource for the various data management and analysis activities of NCHEMS. Summaries are provided of NCHEMS information and analytic resources including…

Weldon, Kent; Makowski, David J.

90

48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004...requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

2012-10-01

91

48 CFR 3004.470 - Security requirements for access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive information. 3004.470 Section 3004.470...access to unclassified facilities, Information Technology resources, and sensitive...

2011-10-01

92

48 CFR 1852.204-76 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...unclassified information technology resources. As...Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources (MONTH...of NASA Electronic Information and IT resources and...cost or pricing, or management information)...

2012-10-01

93

Toward an integrated framework of information and communication behavior: College students' information resources and media selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated college students' selection of information resources and engagement in information activities from the perspective of an integrated framework of information and communication behavior, by examining students' interactions with many different types of information resources and media across their school, personal, entertainment, problem solving, and other daily routines. Both web-based diaries and semi- structured interviews were used to

Soo Young Rieh; Brian Hilligoss; Jiyeon Yang

2007-01-01

94

Beyond information quality: fitness for purpose and electronic information resource use  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accuracy, currency, relevance and ease of use of elec tronic information resources can be measured to provide an indication of the resource's 'product quality'. The link between product quality and electronic information resource use is, however, relatively weak. This is because product quality is only one of several influences on use. Use is better explained as a function of

Jane E. Klobas

1995-01-01

95

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval and resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources

David L. Wheeler; Colombe Chappey; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Gregory D. Schuler; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Barbara A. Rapp

2000-01-01

96

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources include

David L. Wheeler; Deanna M. Church; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Joan U. Pontius; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Barbara A. Rapp

2001-01-01

97

EXPRESSIVE RESOURCE DESCRIPTIONS FOR ONTOLOGY-BASED INFORMATION RETRIEVAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce an expressive ontology-based model for representing resources with respect to a domain ontology. Our resource model is based on semantic web standards as well as established ontologies and metadata schemas such as SUMO, MPEG-7 and Dublin Core to provide a reference model for ontology-based information retrieval. Based on this expressive resource model, the user can

Thanh Tran; Stephan Bloehdorn; Philipp Cimiano; Peter Haase

98

Knowledge and information management for integrated water resource management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Watershed information systems that integrate data and analytical tools are critical enabling technologies to support Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) by converting data into information, and information into knowledge. Many factors bring people to the table to participate in an IWRM fra...

99

Management Guide to the Protection of Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide introduces information systems security concerns and outlines the issues that must be addressed by all agency managers in meeting their responsibilities to protect information systems within their organizations. It describes the essential components of an effective information resource protection process that applies to an individual…

Helsing, Cheryl; And Others

100

Management Guide to the Protection of Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide introduces information systems security concerns and outlines the issues that must be addressed by all agency managers in meeting their responsibilities to protect information systems within their organizations. It describes the essential components of an effective information resource protection process that applies to an individual…

Helsing, Cheryl; And Others

101

The Development of Information Manpower Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the training and education of information manpower in the formal educational institutions of Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East. The nature of the information, social, and economic infrastructures in developing countries is also examined. It is suggested that promotion of the supply side of the information

Farid, Mona

102

Recognition of Concealed Information with Behavioral and Spectral Analyses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main thesis of this project was that individuals who have concealed information can be detected using a combined behavioral and psychophysiological approach. This study examined the similarities and differences that characterize the behavioral and pow...

A. L. Lawson M. E. Pratarelli

2001-01-01

103

Spectral stratigraphy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stratigraphic and structural studies of the Wind River and Bighorn basins, Wyoming, and the Guerrero-Morelos basin, Mexico, have resulted in development of 'spectral stratigraphy.' This approach to stratigraphic analysis uses photogeologic and spectral interpretation of multispectral remote sensing data combined with topographic information to determine the attitude, thickness, and lithology of strata exposed at the surface. This paper reviews selected published examples that illustrate this new stratigraphic procedure. Visible to thermal infrared laboratory, spectral measurements of sedimentary rocks are the physical basis for spectral stratigraphy. Results show that laboratory, field, and remote spectroscopy can augment conventional laboratory and field methods for petrologic analysis, stratigraphic correlation, interpretation of depositional environments, and construction of facies models. Landsat thematic mapper data are used to map strata and construct stratigraphic columns and structural cross sections at 1:24,000 scale or less. Experimental multispectral thermal infrared aircraft data facilitate lithofacies/biofacies analyses. Visible short-wavelength infrared imaging spectrometer data allow remote determination of the stratigraphic distribution of iron oxides, quartz, calcite, dolomite, gypsum, specific clay species, and other minerals diagnostic of environments of deposition. Development of a desk-top, computer-based, geologic analysis system that provides for automated application of these approaches to coregistered digital image and topographic data portends major expansion in the use of spectral stratigraphy for purely scientific (lithospheric research) or practical (resource exploration) objectives.

Lang, Harold R.

1991-09-01

104

[Remote sensing techniques of apple orchard information extraction based on linear spectral unmixing with measured data].  

PubMed

Taking Qixia City, Shandong Province of China as the research region, and by using pixel unmixing for the TM image at apple flowering stage, the apple orchard information was extracted. Based on the measured spectral end-members, wavelet transform was adopted to improve the linear unmixing model. The improved linear spectral unmixing model, measured end-member based linear spectral unmixing model, and TM image end-member based linear spectral unmixing model were employed to extract the apple orchard information, and the ALOS data were used for accuracy estimation. After the accurate atmospheric and topographic correction, it was feasible to use the measured spectral end-members for pixel unmixing, and the area precision of apple orchard information acquisition was greater than 97%. The regression analysis on the NDVI of abundance image and the average NDVI of ALOS data showed that the R2 was higher than 0.8. Therefore, using wavelet transform to improve the linear spectral unmixing model could improve the unmixing accuracy to a certain degree. PMID:23479878

Dong, Fang; Zhao, Geng-Xing; Wang, Ling; Zhu, Xi-Cun; Chang, Chun-Yan

2012-12-01

105

Information and Communications Technologies Center: Gender Equality Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online resources related to gender equality in math, science and technology. The links include professional associations, private companies, institutes and publications. These resources would be useful for community and technical college recruitment as well as educators and counselors looking to encourage girls and women in technical fields.

2012-10-25

106

PIRSF: family classification system at the Protein Information Resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Protein Information Resource (PIR) is an integrated public resource of protein informatics. To facilitate the sensible propagation and standardiza- tion of protein annotation and the systematic detection of annotation errors, PIR has extended its superfamily concept and developed the SuperFamily (PIRSF) classification system. Based on the evolutionary relationships of whole proteins, this classification system allows annotation of both specific

Cathy H. Wu; Anastasia N. Nikolskaya; Hongzhan Huang; Lai-su L. Yeh; Darren A. Natale; C. R. Vinayaka; Zhang-zhi Hu; Raja Mazumder; Sandeep Kumar; Panagiotis Kourtesis; Robert S. Ledley; Baris E. Suzek; Leslie Arminski; Yongxing Chen; Jian Zhang; Jorge Louie Cardenas; Sehee Chung; Jorge Castro-alvear; Georgi Dinkov; Winona C. Barker

2004-01-01

107

Information Resource Selection of Undergraduate Students in Academic Search Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: This study aims to investigate the selection of information sources and to identify factors associated with the resource selection of undergraduate students for academic search tasks. Also, user perceptions of some factors, such as credibility, usefulness, accessibility and familiarity, were examined to classify resources by their…

Lee, Jee Yeon; Paik, Woojin; Joo, Soohyung

2012-01-01

108

CASSIE: contextual analysis for spectral and spatial information extraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in understanding the biology of vision show that humans use not only bottom-up, feature-based information in visual analysis, but also top-down contextual information. To reflect this method of processing, we developed a technology called CASSIE for Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) that uses low-level image features and contextual cues to determine the likelihood that a certain target will be found in a given area. CASSIE is a tool by which information from various data layers can be probabilistically combined to determine spatial and informational context within and across different types of data. It is built on a spatial foundation consisting of a two-dimensional hexagonal, hierarchical grid structure for data storage and access. This same structure facilitates very fast computation of information throughout the hierarchy for all data layers, as well as fast propagation of probabilistic information derived from those layers. Our research with CASSIE investigates the effectiveness of generated probability maps to reflect a human interpretation, potential benefits in terms of accuracy and processing speed for subsequent target detection, and methods for incorporating feedback from target detection algorithms to apply additional contextual constraints (for example, allowable or expected target groupings). We discuss further developments such as learning in CASSIE and how to incorporate additional data modalities.

Gibson, Laurie; Horne, James; Haverkamp, Donna

2009-05-01

109

Information Resources Management Strategic Plan, 2002-2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Information Resources Management (IRM) Strategic Plan has been drafted to support the Bureau's overall Strategic Plan and implementation of the Bureau's Enterprise Architecture (BEA) and may be modified to address any changes that may be made to thos...

2002-01-01

110

WRIS: A Resource Information System for Wildland Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

WRIS (Wildland Resource Information System) is a computer system for processing, storing, retrieving, updating, and displaying geographic data. The polygon, representing a land area boundary, forms the building block of WRIS. Polygons form a map. Maps are...

R. M. Russell D. A. Sharpnack E. L. Amidon

1975-01-01

111

Resource Letter ITP-1: Information Theory in Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Resource Letter provides a guide to the literature on the role of information theory in physics. Journal articles and books are cited for the following topics: early history, physical and mathematical connections, and a broad range of physical applications.

Grandy, W. T.

1997-06-01

112

Library and Information Resources and Users of Digital Resources in the Humanities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the results of the Log Analysis of Internet Resources in the Arts and Humanities (LAIRAH) study. It aims to concentrate upon the use and importance of information resources, physical research centres and digital finding aids in scholarly research. Design/methodology/approach: Results are presented…

Warwick, Claire; Terras, Melissa; Galina, Isabel; Huntington, Paul; Pappa, Nikoleta

2008-01-01

113

Library and Information Resources and Users of Digital Resources in the Humanities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the results of the Log Analysis of Internet Resources in the Arts and Humanities (LAIRAH) study. It aims to concentrate upon the use and importance of information resources, physical research centres and digital finding aids in scholarly research. Design/methodology/approach: Results are…

Warwick, Claire; Terras, Melissa; Galina, Isabel; Huntington, Paul; Pappa, Nikoleta

2008-01-01

114

48 CFR 1552.211-79 - Compliance with EPA policies for information resources management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...with EPA policies for information resources management. 1552.211-79...with EPA policies for information resources management. As prescribed...With EPA Policies for Information Resources Management (a)...

2012-10-01

115

75 FR 16173 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements...Energy and Economic Development...submitting the information collection...Tribal Energy Resource Agreements...Energy and Economic Development...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract...and mineral resource...

2010-03-31

116

75 FR 4836 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements...Energy and Economic Development...submit the information collection...Tribal Energy Resource Agreements...Energy and Economic Development...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract...and mineral resource...

2010-01-29

117

Effectiveness of Clinician-selected Electronic Information Resources for Answering Primary Care Physicians’ Information Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract,Objective: To determine,if clinician-selected electronic information,resources improve,primary care physicians’ abilities to answer,simulated,clinical questions. Design: Observational,study,using hour-long interviews,in physician,offices and,think-aloud protocols. Participants answered,23 multiple-choice,questions,and,chose 2 to obtain,further information,using their own information resources. We established which resources physicians chose, processes used, and results obtained when,looking,for information,to support,their answers. Measurements: Correctness of answers before and after searching, resources used, and searching techniques.

K. ANN MCKIBBON; DOUGLAS B. FRIDSMA

118

The Russian Virtual Observatory as the National Information Resource  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the base for creation of the Russian Virtual Observatory (RVO) we consider the uniting available information in observational archives, data centers and the telescopes. A prossess of implementation of science research is regarded as a whole, from making task production to getting necessary information and obtaining science result. For realization of the project we intend to working out the next components: the internet portal as a main RVO exit and a manage system, the information hub of CAD INASAN, a remote access system to information and technical resources of telescopes. We include to principal components RVO: centers of astronomical data, automated telescopes and acquisition systems, computing facilities and/or a system of access to supercomputer centers, system of remote access to information and technical resources, system of the resources planning, scheduling, support and control of observations similarly to present-day practice of space missions, Internet portal "The Russian Virtual Observatory", Open Virtual Medium of the astronomical education.

Vitkovskij, V. V.; Zhelenkova, O. P.; Kajsina, E. I.; Kalinina, N. A.; Mal'Kova, G. A.; Chernenkov, V. N.; Shergin, V. S.

119

Biomedical Applications of the Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS)  

SciTech Connect

The Information-efficient Spectral Imaging Sensor (ISIS) approach to spectral imaging seeks to bridge the gap between tuned multispectral and fixed hyperspectral imaging sensors. By allowing the definition of completely general spectral filter functions, truly optimal measurements can be made for a given task. These optimal measurements significantly improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and speed, minimize data volume and data rate, while preserving classification accuracy. The following paper investigates the application of the ISIS sensing approach in two sample biomedical applications: prostate and colon cancer screening. It is shown that in these applications, two to three optimal measurements are sufficient to capture the majority of classification information for critical sample constituents. In the prostate cancer example, the optimal measurements allow 8% relative improvement in classification accuracy of critical cell constituents over a red, green, blue (RGB) sensor. In the colon cancer example, use of optimal measurements boost the classification accuracy of critical cell constituents by 28% relative to the RGB sensor. In both cases, optimal measurements match the performance achieved by the entire hyperspectral data set. The paper concludes that an ISIS style spectral imager can acquire these optimal spectral images directly, allowing improved classification accuracy over an RGB sensor. Compared to a hyperspectral sensor, the ISIS approach can achieve similar classification accuracy using a significantly lower number of spectral samples, thus minimizing overall sample classification time and cost.

Gentry, S.M.; Levenson, R.

1999-01-21

120

Subject Information Resources: A Guide to Information Resources in Selected Subject Areas of the Humanities, the Social Sciences, and Pure and Applied Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for use in courses in information resources at Kuring-gai College of Advanced Education, this guide approaches information resources by subject, building on previous information resources courses which concentrated on format. Resources for selected disciplines within the broad subject areas of the humanities, the social sciences, and…

Schmidt, Janine, Ed.

121

Human resources management main role in information technology project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today the information technology is indeed a base of development for countries and a benchmark practice for leading and successful organizations. Success in this area depends on the success of micro and macro projects of information technology, and this success is not achievable unless all aspects, especially the most valuable element, e.g. the human resources, are considered. Because the policies

Hamid Tohidi

2011-01-01

122

Information Resources Management in Heterogeneous, Distributed Environments: A Metadatabase Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The core structure of a metadatabase system for information integration in heterogeneous and distributed environments, the global information resources dictionary (GIRD) model for unified metadata representation and management (both data and knowledge), is discussed. Overviews of metadatabase systems and the two-stage entity relationship (TSER) representation method are presented. To illustrate some major properties of the metadatabase model, and to show

Cheng Hsu; M'hamed Bouziane; Laurie Rattner; Lester Yee

1991-01-01

123

Building an Information Resource Center for Competitive Intelligence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines considerations in the design of a Competitive Intelligence Information Resource Center (CIIRC), which is needed by business organizations for effective strategic decision making. Discussed are user needs, user participation, information sources, technology and interface design, operational characteristics, and planning for…

Martin, J. Sperling

1992-01-01

124

Building an Information Resource Center for Competitive Intelligence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines considerations in the design of a Competitive Intelligence Information Resource Center (CIIRC), which is needed by business organizations for effective strategic decision making. Discussed are user needs, user participation, information sources, technology and interface design, operational characteristics, and planning for implementation.…

Martin, J. Sperling

1992-01-01

125

Natural Resource Information System. Volume I. Overall Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recognizing the need for the development of a computer based information system which would handle remote sensing as well as conventional mapping data, the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Bureau of Land Management contracted with Boeing Computer Services for the design and construction of a prototype Natural Resource Information System. The…

Boeing Computer Services, Inc., Seattle, WA.

126

78 FR 25267 - Request for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking Water Resources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking...the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources...the relationship between hydraulic fracturing and drinking water...

2013-04-30

127

77 FR 67361 - Request for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking Water Resources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Information To Inform Hydraulic Fracturing Research Related to Drinking...the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources...the relationship between hydraulic fracturing and drinking water...

2012-11-09

128

A GIServices-based transportation information resources integration platform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With fast development of urban informationalization, digital city and digital traffic, cross-sectoral and inter-departmental cooperation become increasingly needed. It is of difficulty for GIS system construction to break the information fragmentation, realize the heterogeneous and multi-source geospatial related information integration, sharing and interoperability. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is an effective solution to provide data access and application service by Web Services. The combination of GIS and SOA can help GIS business agility, change traditional GIS design, development and application patterns, which promote the conversion of visible GISystems to invisible GIServices. Based on the construction of dynamic transportation data exchange GIService and dynamic path planning GIService, and its integrated application of WebGIS transportation information service system, this paper presents the overall structure of the transportation information resources integration platform, which realizes transportation information resources integration, traffic block information submitting, information exchanging, traffic information query, dynamic traffic information publishing, and dynamic best path query, etc.. The application result proves that it is a better solution for transportation information resources sharing, and it also changes the traditional GIS design, development and application patterns.

Hu, Jinxing; Ma, Qi; Wang, Yiru; Zhou, Jingyue

2009-09-01

129

INFORMATION ABOUT NARCOTICS - RESOURCE MATERIAL FOR TEACHERS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A SHORT HISTORY OF NARCOTICS AND THEIR LEGAL CONTROL IN THE UNITED STATES IS PRESENTED WITH AN EXPLANATION OF ADDICTION AND METHODS OF ITS PREVENTION. TEACHERS ARE INFORMED OF WAYS IN WHICH TO IDENTIFY ADDICTED STUDENTS. FOR EXAMPLE, THEY MAY BE CLOSELY OBSERVED IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES, AND ABNORMALITIES INVESTIGATED BY A PHYSICIAN.…

ABRAMS, IRVING; HAWKINS, BARBARA A.

130

Fishing for Information: Finding Online Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public schools in the United States are facing a growing literacy crisis. Approximately a quarter of the population of 12th-grade students are still reading below basic levels, which means that they are barely able to comprehend at a literal level, make interpretations, identify relevant information, make simple inferences, and recognize and…

Zorfass, Judith M.; Minotti, Jennifer A.

2006-01-01

131

Energy Guide: A Directory of Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is a collection of various information sources pertaining to energy. The chapters separate references according to the type of material (instructional aids, texts, periodicals, reference materials), or the issuing organization (non-government organizations, government services, courses, programs, centers, and research projects). One…

Bemis, Virginia; And Others

132

Information Resources in Mental Retardation: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Proposals are made for a goal oriented approach to coordinate bibliographic control in the multidisciplinary field of mental retardation, establish networks of information service, and provide consultants for setting up services in various institutions and locales. A review of existing efforts for bibliographic control, classification, and…

Weber, Sandra J.

1978-01-01

133

Biomedical applications of the information-efficient spectral imaging sensor (ISIS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ISIS approach to spectral imaging seeks to bridge the gap between tuned multispectral and fixed hyperspectral imaging sensor. By allowing the definition of completely general spectral filter functions, truly optimal measurement can be made for a given task. These optimal measurements significantly improve signal to noise ratio and speed, minimize data volume and data rate, while preserving classification accuracy. This paper investigates the application of the ISIS sensing approach in two sample biomedical applications: prostate and colon cancer screening. It is shown that is these applications, two to three optimal measurements are sufficient to capture the majority of classification information for critical samples constituents. In the prostate cancer example, the optimal measurements allow 8 percent relative improvement in classification accuracy of critical cell constituents over a red, green, blue (RGB) sensor. In the colon cancer example, use of optimal measurements boost the classification accuracy of critical cell constituents by 28 percent relative to the RGB sensor. In both cases, optimal measurements match the performance achieved by the entire hyperspectral data set. The paper concludes that an ISIS style spectral imager can acquire these optimal spectral images directly, allowing improved classification accuracy imager can acquire these optimal spectral images directly, allowing improved classification accuracy over an RGB sensor. Compared to a hyperspectral sensor, the ISIS approach can achieve similar classification accuracy using a significantly lower number of spectral samples, thus minimizing overall sample classification time and cost.

Gentry, Steven M.; Levenson, Richard M.

1999-04-01

134

Image classification using spectral and spatial information based on MRF models  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new criterion for classifying multispectral remote sensing images or textured images by using spectral and spatial information is proposed. The images are modeled with a hierarchical Markov Random Field (MRF) model that consists of the observed intensity process and the hidden class label process. The class labels are estimated according to the maximum a posteriori (MAP) criterion, but some

Tatsuya Yamazaki; Denis Gingras

1995-01-01

135

Evaluation and quantification of spectral information in tissue by confocal microscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A confocal imaging and image processing scheme is introduced to visualize and evaluate the spatial distribution of spectral information in tissue. The image data are recorded using a confocal laser-scanning microscope equipped with a detection unit that provides high spectral resolution. The processing scheme is based on spectral data, is less error-prone than intensity-based visualization and evaluation methods, and provides quantitative information on the composition of the sample. The method is tested and validated in the context of the development of dermal drug delivery systems, introducing a quantitative uptake indicator to compare the performances of different delivery systems is introduced. A drug penetration study was performed in vitro. The results show that the method is able to detect, visualize and measure spectral information in tissue. In the penetration study, uptake efficiencies of different experiment setups could be discriminated and quantitatively described. The developed uptake indicator is a step towards a quantitative assessment and, in a more general view apart from pharmaceutical research, provides valuable information on tissue composition. It can potentially be used for clinical in vitro and in vivo applications.

Maeder, Ulf; Marquardt, Kay; Beer, Sebastian; Bergmann, Thorsten; Schmidts, Thomas; Heverhagen, Johannes T.; Zink, Klemens; Runkel, Frank; Fiebich, Martin

2012-10-01

136

A method for fast selecting feature wavelengths from the spectral information of crop nitrogen  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Research on a method for fast selecting feature wavelengths from the nitrogen spectral information is necessary, which can determine the nitrogen content of crops. Based on the uniformity of uniform design, this paper proposed an improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) method. The method can ch...

137

Aggregation of Information Resources on the Invisible Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are huge numbers of valuable information resources resided on Invisible Web. However, it is hard to use for us. In this paper we propose a system called NewsReaper that is capable of making Invisible Web to be visible, especially the huge number of real-time information, which update frequently and are time-sensitive. NewsReaper makes use of information extraction, text classification,

Gang Li; Guangzeng Kou

2009-01-01

138

Technical overview of the information resource dictionary system  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides a technical overview of the computer software specifications for an Information Resource Dictionary System (IRDS). It summarizes the data architecture and the software functions and processes of the IRDS. The IRDS Specifications are a draft proposed American National Standard, a draft proposed US Federal Information Processing Standard, and a Working Document of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Subcommittee 21, Working Group 3. The Overview also provides background information on the development of the draft proposed US standards.

Goldfine, A.; Konig, P.

1985-04-01

139

Principles and satellite applications of the information-efficient spectral imaging sensor  

SciTech Connect

Remote sensing by satellite is increasingly important to the national government for treaty verification, battlefield monitoring, and other activities. In addition, civilian oriented applications are increasing in areas such as geology, meteorology, ecology, forestry, and agriculture. Spectral imaging sensors, an important subclass of satellite-borne sensors, have been shown to provide information far superior to that of conventional panchromatic images in many of these applications. However, spectral imaging adds at least two challenges to the already difficult task of viewing the earth from a distance of hundreds of kilometers. First, with numerous spectral channels, the signal-to-noise ratio is decreased in any one channel. Second the data rates of spectral imaging sensors (10 Mbytes/sec, or more) stress the limits of the electronic systems, including the onboard data storage, the downlink bandwidth, and the earthbound image analysis system. This report describes a new concept which the authors have dubbed the information-efficient spectral imaging sensor (ISIS) which addresses these two problems. In addition, it offers the promise of nearly real-time identification of targets.

Stallard, B.R.; Gentry, S.M.; Sweatt, W.C.; Motomatsu, S.E.; Boye, C.A.

1997-06-01

140

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's website. NCBI resources include Entrez, PubMed, PubMed Central, LocusLink, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene,

David L. Wheeler; Tanya Barrett; Dennis A. Benson; Stephen H. Bryant; Kathi Canese; Deanna M. Church; Michael Dicuccio; Ron Edgar; Scott Federhen; Wolfgang Helmberg; David L. Kenton; Oleg Khovayko; David J. Lipman; Thomas L. Madden; Donna R. Maglott; James Ostell; Joan U. Pontius; Kim D. Pruitt; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Edwin Sequeira; Steven T. Sherry; Karl Sirotkin; Grigory Starchenko; Tugba O. Suzek; Roman L. Tatusov; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Eugene Yaschenko

2005-01-01

141

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBanknucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link(BLink), Electronic PCR,

David L. Wheeler; Tanya Barrett; Dennis A. Benson; Stephen H. Bryant; Kathi Canese; Vyacheslav Chetvernin; Deanna M. Church; Michael Dicuccio; Ron Edgar; Scott Federhen; Lewis Y. Geer; Yuri Kapustin; Oleg Khovayko; David Landsman; David J. Lipman; Thomas L. Madden; Donna R. Maglott; James Ostell; Vadim Miller; Kim D. Pruitt; Gregory D. Schuler; Edwin Sequeira; Steven T. Sherry; Karl Sirotkin; Alexandre Souvorov; Grigory Starchenko; Roman L. Tatusov; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Eugene Yaschenko

2007-01-01

142

Using spectral information from the NIR water absorption features for the retrieval of canopy water content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Canopy water content (CWC) is important for mapping and monitoring the condition of the terrestrial ecosystem. Spectral information related to the water absorption features at 970 nm and 1200 nm offers possibilities for deriving information on CWC. In this study, we compare the use of derivative spectra, spectral indices and continuum removal techniques for these regions. Hyperspectral reflectance data representing a range of canopies were simulated using the combined PROSPECT + SAILH model. Best results in estimating CWC were obtained by using spectral derivatives at the slopes of the 970 nm and 1200 nm water absorption features. Real data from two different test sites were analysed. Spectral information at both test sites was obtained with an ASD FieldSpec spectrometer, whereas at the second site HyMap airborne imaging spectrometer data were also acquired. Best results were obtained for the derivative spectra. In order to avoid the potential influence of atmospheric water vapour absorption bands the derivative of the reflectance on the right slope of the canopy water absorption feature at 970 nm can best be used for estimating CWC.

Clevers, J. G. P. W.; Kooistra, L.; Schaepman, M. E.

2008-09-01

143

Image-spectroscopy--I. The advantages of increased spectral information for compositional EFTEM analysis.  

PubMed

The acquisition of a series of energy-filtered TEM images over the energy-loss range of interest creates a three-dimensional data set comprising both spatial and spectral information. Such an image-series contains energy-loss information not available with conventional two- or three-window methods, allowing standard techniques for quantitative EELS analysis to be applied to extracted 'image-spectra'. The increase in spectral information enables improved ionisation edge background extrapolation and interactive image-spectrum analysis to be performed. In this paper, the many advantages of the image-spectroscopy approach are outlined by reference to an example of elemental segregation in an AlZnMgCu alloy. PMID:11463196

Thomas, P J; Midgley, P A

2001-08-01

144

Resources  

MedlinePLUS

... Depression - resources Diabetes - resources Digestive disease - resources Drug abuse - resources Eating disorders - resources Elder care - resources Epilepsy - resources Family troubles - resources Gastrointestinal ...

145

HazLit: a unique resource for natural hazards information.  

PubMed

The "Online Updates" column generally focuses on bibliographic databases that may be licensed from commercial vendors or are available free of charge from a federal government agency. HazLit is featured because it is a unique and comprehensive resource of the literature of natural disasters. This column provides background information on HazLit and offers some searching basics, as well as highlights special information found at the Web site that hosts the database. PMID:17915632

Fitzpatrick, Roberta Bronson

2007-01-01

146

Water resources data and information exchange in transboundary water treaties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite international calls for data and information sharing in transboundary waters and basin-specific evidence of its importance\\u000a to cooperative management, no systematic research has been undertaken to answer questions of where, how frequently, and which\\u000a water resources data and information are exchanged. This paper examines all available transboundary water agreements signed\\u000a between 1900 and 2007 to determine the degree to

Andrea K. GerlakJonathan; Jonathan Lautze; Mark Giordano

2011-01-01

147

Intimate Partner Violence Resource Materials: Assessment of Information Distribution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To determine the educational impact of placing partner violence resource information in a medical setting. Method: A cross-sectional study with a structured interview. Setting: Emergency department (ED) in an urban academic medical center. Participants: adult patients and visitors. Interventions: Educational materials and community…

Edwardsen, Elizabeth A.; Morse, Diane

2006-01-01

148

Non-Procedural Languages for Information Resource Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future of information resources management requires new approaches to implementing systems which will include a type of data base management that frees users to solve data processing problems logically by telling the system what they want, together with powerful non-procedural languages that will permit communication in simple, concise…

Bearley, William L.

149

A Guide to Resources on Advocacy: Facts, Strategies, and Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource guide includes information to help advocates for children be more effective, whether they work at education and research or in direct action with media and legislators. The guide begins with a one-page description of the Indiana Youth Institute (IYI), listing the kinds of youth-related research materials and services it provides.…

Webb, Kelli; And Others

150

Critical Engagement: The Merging of Public Health Information Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

As academic libraries and computer centers move toward convergence, multiple issues must be addressed before successful models of merged operations can develop. The organizational model of merged public health information resources at the University of Michigan stands as a viable example of collaborative operations under a unified management stucture. The undertaking represents more than administrative shuffling to consolidate staff and

Nancy Allee; Darin C. Savage

1998-01-01

151

Developing Resource-Informed Strategic Assessments and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States will soon be conducting another major review of national-security strategy. It will be the responsibility of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) to provide resource-informed assessments and recommendations to the Secretary of...

D. Long D. C. Gompert P. K. Davis S. E. Johnson

2008-01-01

152

Information Resources; A Searcher's Manual. MOREL Regional Information System for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of a series describing the background, functions, and utilization of the Regional Information System (RIS) developed by the Michigan-Ohio Regional Educational Laboratory (MOREL). The purpose of this manual is to detail a procedure for performing a productive search of information resources which can satisfy the informational

Grimes, George; Doyle, James

153

48 CFR 352.239-72 - Security requirements for Federal information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Requirements for Federal Information Technology Resources...thereof, includes information technology resources...operates a Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) system containing, information that directly supports...clause does not apply to national security systems...

2010-10-01

154

78 FR 23290 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Energy Resource Development Program Grants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Agency Information Collection for Energy Resource Development...collection of information for grants...Energy and Economic Development...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract...of energy resources and further...Energy and Economic...

2013-04-18

155

78 FR 4867 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Energy Resource Development Program Grants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Energy Resource Development...collection of information for grants under...Indian Energy and Economic Development...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Catherine...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract...Indian Energy and Economic Development...manages the energy resource...

2013-01-23

156

78 FR 19005 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...collection of information titled ``Tribal Energy Resource Agreements...Energy and Economic Development...1076-0167. This information collection...Energy and Economic Development...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...Tribal Energy Resource...

2013-03-28

157

Developing a Remotely Sensed Rainfall Retrieval Algorithm using MultiSpectral Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improving infrared-based rainfall retrieval algorithms using satellite-based multi-spectral infrared (IR) and microwave (MW) is the main objective of this study. Estimating accurate precipitation from remote sensing information is still a challenge, particularly, for remote and mountainous regions where ground-based gauge networks and radar coverage leave behind. A multi-sensor algorithm based on an artificial neural networks system is been developing for

C. Hernandez; S. Mahani; R. Khanbilvardi

2006-01-01

158

Investigation of the Utility of Spectral Vegetation Indices for Determining Information on Coniferous Forests  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents an investigation of the forest information content of spectral vegetation indices including the SR, NDVI, PVI, SAVI, TSAVI, and GEMI. The results were derived from two separate reflectance models including a geometric–optical and a Monte Carlo ray-tracing model, assuming nadir viewing. The effects of the atmosphere on the indices were also examined, using the 6S atmospheric code,

A. J. McDonald; F. M. Gemmell; P. E. Lewis

1998-01-01

159

25 CFR 162.520 - Who owns the energy resource information obtained under the WEEL?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Who owns the energy resource information obtained...WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Wind and Solar Resource Leases Weels § 162.520 Who owns the energy resource information obtained...specify the ownership of any energy resource information the...

2013-04-01

160

An Augmented Classical Least Squares Method for Quantitative Raman Spectral Analysis against Component Information Loss  

PubMed Central

We propose an augmented classical least squares (ACLS) calibration method for quantitative Raman spectral analysis against component information loss. The Raman spectral signals with low analyte concentration correlations were selected and used as the substitutes for unknown quantitative component information during the CLS calibration procedure. The number of selected signals was determined by using the leave-one-out root-mean-square error of cross-validation (RMSECV) curve. An ACLS model was built based on the augmented concentration matrix and the reference spectral signal matrix. The proposed method was compared with partial least squares (PLS) and principal component regression (PCR) using one example: a data set recorded from an experiment of analyte concentration determination using Raman spectroscopy. A 2-fold cross-validation with Venetian blinds strategy was exploited to evaluate the predictive power of the proposed method. The one-way variance analysis (ANOVA) was used to access the predictive power difference between the proposed method and existing methods. Results indicated that the proposed method is effective at increasing the robust predictive power of traditional CLS model against component information loss and its predictive power is comparable to that of PLS or PCR.

Zhou, Yan; Cao, Hui

2013-01-01

161

The Information Resources Report: A Method for Integrating Library Instruction with Technical Writing Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the integration of a library orientation session with an information resources assignment in which students write papers describing resources available in their particular areas of specialty. (TJ)|

Krimm, Bernard; Glogoff, Stuart

1979-01-01

162

Information resources for US Department of Energy pollution prevention programs  

SciTech Connect

In support of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) pollution prevention efforts being conducted under the aegis of DOE`s Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory was tasked with evaluating pollution prevention information resources. The goal of this activity was to improve the effectiveness of DOE`s pollution prevention activities through improved information flow, both within the complex, and more specifically, between DOE and other organizations that share similar pollution prevention challenges. This report presents our findings with respect to the role of information collection and dissemination within the complex, opportunities for teaming from successes of the private sector, and specific information needs of the DOE pollution prevention community. These findings were derived from a series of interviews with pollution prevention coordinators from across the DOE complex, review of DOE site and facility pollution prevention plans, and workshops with DOE information users as well as an information resources workshop that brought together information specialists from private industry, non-profit organizations, as well as state and regional pollution prevention assistance programs.

Peterson, K.L.; Snowden-Swan, L.J.; Butner, R.S.

1994-01-01

163

Resources  

Cancer.gov

Resources General Information Regarding CTRP AACI-NCI Clinical Trials Reporting Program (CTRP) Strategic Subcommittee Report: CTRP Reporting Objectives and Implementation Timeline, July 2011 (PDF, 1 MB) Helpful Tools CTRP User's Guides Troubleshooting

164

Revealing functionally coherent subsets using a spectral clustering and an information integration approach  

PubMed Central

Background Contemporary high-throughput analyses often produce lengthy lists of genes or proteins. It is desirable to divide the genes into functionally coherent subsets for further investigation, by integrating heterogeneous information regarding the genes. Here we report a principled approach for managing and integrating multiple data sources within the framework of graph-spectrum analysis in order to identify coherent gene subsets. Results We investigated several approaches to integrate information derived from different sources that reflect distinct aspects of gene functional relationships including: functional annotations of genes in the form of the Gene Ontology, co-mentioning of genes in the literature, and shared transcription factor binding sites among genes. Given a list of genes, we construct a graph containing the genes in each information space; then the graphs were kernel transformed so they could be integrated; finally functionally coherent subsets were identified using a spectral clustering algorithm. In a series of simulation experiments, known functionally coherent gene sets were mixed and recovered using our approach. Conclusions The results indicate that spectral clustering approaches are capable of recovering coherent gene modules even under noisy conditions, and that information integration serves to further enhance this capability. When applied to a real-world data set, our methods revealed biologically sensible modules, and highlighted the importance of information integration. The implementation of the statistical model is provided under the GNU general public license, as an installable Python module, at: http://code.google.com/p/spectralmix.

2012-01-01

165

The Multistate Aquatic Resources Information System: An Internet system to access fisheries information in the upper midwestern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, state agencies in the United States have invested millions of dollars to collect information on fish populations. Management of fisheries resources often necessitates the sharing of this information across political boundaries. Federal agencies need to share information on fish populations across political boundaries to complete the congressional mandates of the Resource Planning Act (U.S. Forest Service) and Resource Conservation

T. Douglas Beard Jr; Douglas Austen; Stephen J. Brady; Mike E. Costello; Henry G. Drewes; Constance H. Young-Dubovsky; Curtis H. Flather; Thomas W. Gengerke; Chris Larson; Andrew J. Loftus; Michael J. Mac

1998-01-01

166

75 FR 39622 - Proposed Information Collection (Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment Form) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection (Health Resource Center Medical Center Payment...VA's OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch, New Executive Office Building, Room 10235...0505).'' Title: Health Resource Center Medical Center...

2010-07-09

167

Information systems on human resources for health: a global review  

PubMed Central

Background Although attainment of the health-related Millennium Development Goals relies on countries having adequate numbers of human resources for health (HRH) and their appropriate distribution, global understanding of the systems used to generate information for monitoring HRH stock and flows, known as human resources information systems (HRIS), is minimal. While HRIS are increasingly recognized as integral to health system performance assessment, baseline information regarding their scope and capability around the world has been limited. We conducted a review of the available literature on HRIS implementation processes in order to draw this baseline. Methods Our systematic search initially retrieved 11 923 articles in four languages published in peer-reviewed and grey literature. Following the selection of those articles which detailed HRIS implementation processes, reviews of their contents were conducted using two-person teams, each assigned to a national system. A data abstraction tool was developed and used to facilitate objective assessment. Results Ninety-five articles with relevant HRIS information were reviewed, mostly from the grey literature, which comprised 84?% of all documents. The articles represented 63 national HRIS and two regionally integrated systems. Whereas a high percentage of countries reported the capability to generate workforce supply and deployment data, few systems were documented as being used for HRH planning and decision-making. Of the systems examined, only 23?% explicitly stated they collect data on workforce attrition. The majority of countries experiencing crisis levels of HRH shortages (56?%) did not report data on health worker qualifications or professional credentialing as part of their HRIS. Conclusion Although HRIS are critical for evidence-based human resource policy and practice, there is a dearth of information about these systems, including their current capabilities. The absence of standardized HRIS profiles (including documented processes for data collection, management, and use) limits understanding of the availability and quality of information that can be used to support effective and efficient HRH strategies and investments at the national, regional, and global levels.

2012-01-01

168

Osh.Net: Gateway for Safety & Health Information Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained on a for-profit basis by WorkCare, this metasite offers over 1,300 links to occupational safety and health information and resources. The heart of the site is the Health & Safety Index, which lists sites by topic in fourteen categories. Some, but not all, of these links are briefly annotated, and banner ads are interspersed. Other content includes feature articles, a FAQ, an internal search engine, a bulletin board, employment postings, and a free newsletter.

169

Applying Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to Environmental and Resource Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many of the analyses undertaken byenvironmental and resource economics areintimately concerned with spatial variations.This\\u000a article examines the contribution whichGeographical Information Systems (GIS) mayprovide in incorporating the complexities\\u000a ofthe spatial dimension within such analyses. Thepaper introduces the reader to the types ofdata handled by a GIS and overviews\\u000a thepractical functionality offered by suchsystems. A brief literature review issupplemented by a number

I. J. Bateman; A. P. Jones; A. A. Lovett; I. R. Lake; B. H. Day

2002-01-01

170

Targeting and structuring information resource use: a path toward informed clinical decisions.  

PubMed

A core skill for all physicians to master is that of information manager. Despite a rapidly expanding set of electronic and print-based information resources, clinicians continue to answer their clinical queries predominantly through informal or formal consultation. Even as new tools are brought to market, the majority of them present information in a rigid fashion, presenting cumbersome user interfaces and inflexible data presentation. The need to rethink the structure of electronic information is paramount to improving the use of evidence at the bedside. As new tools are developed and educators teach clinicians to use them, the context for use of information resources must be considered, with special attention to physician work-flow, following the three paths outlined in this article. The process will be facilitated greatly by promoting evidence-based practice for the care of patients in the hospital and clinic setting. PMID:15712773

Mangrulkar, Rajesh S

2004-01-01

171

An Information System for Provincial Mineral Resources Planning and Management Based on ArcGIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mineral resources are important parts of national land resources. Itpsilas very important to establish mineral resources planning and management system for utilization of mineral resources efficiently and reasonably. The information system for mineral resources planning and management system (MRMIS) in Liaoning province was developed based on ArcGIS and Oracle. The developed system has three levels, which are provincial, municipal, and

Shengjun Zhong; Zhufang Wang; Tianping Bi

2009-01-01

172

78 FR 37567 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Tribal Energy Resource Agreements AGENCY...the collection of information titled ``Tribal Energy Resource Agreements...Indian Energy and Economic Development Office...1076-0167. This information collection...

2013-06-21

173

Construction of filter vectors for the information-efficient spectral imaging sensor  

SciTech Connect

The information-efficient spectral imaging sensor (ISIS) seeks to improve system performance by processing hyperspectral information in the optical hardware. Its output may be a gray scale image in which one attempts to maximize the contrast between a given target and the background. Alternatively, its output may be a small number of images, rather than a full data cube, that retain the essential information required in the application. The principal advantage of ISIS is that it offers the discrimination of hyperspectral imaging while achieving the signal-to-noise ratio of multispectral imaging. The paper focuses on construction of the filter vectors that are needed to program ISIS. The instrument produces an image which is essentially a dot product of the scene and the filter vector. Both single vector and multiple vector approaches are considered. Also, they discuss some subtle points related to optimizing the filter vectors.

Stallard, B.R.; Gentry, S.M.

1998-12-01

174

Multi-level information encoding through spectral switches and multiple FSO link formation in the phase singularity domain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spectral switching is now a well-known phenomenon. Recently, its potential applications have been explored for information encoding and transmission in free space. In this paper, we demonstrate a novel type of scheme to encode and process information at multiple levels through spectral switching. A new technique is also proposed to establish multiple parallel free-space optical (FSO) links using a single critical direction in the phase singularity domain of diffracted polychromatic light. These are contrived ideas on the basis of theoretical and experimental studies carried out so far on spectral switching. The study might find potential application in the fields of FSO interconnects and FSO communication.

Yadav, Bharat K.; Kandpal, H. C.

2011-07-01

175

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data available through NCBI's web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace, Assembly, and Short Read Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Database of Genotype and Phenotype, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Miller, Vadim; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Shumway, Martin; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L.; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2008-01-01

176

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data available through NCBI's web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace, Assembly, and Short Read Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Database of Genotype and Phenotype, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:18045790

Wheeler, David L; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Miller, Vadim; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Shumway, Martin; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2007-11-27

177

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link(BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace and Assembly Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Viral Genotyping Tools, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at .

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y.; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Ostell, James; Miller, Vadim; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L.; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2007-01-01

178

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, My NCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link(BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genome, Genome Project and related tools, the Trace and Assembly Archives, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Viral Genotyping Tools, Influenza Viral Resources, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. These resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:17170002

Wheeler, David L; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y; Kapustin, Yuri; Khovayko, Oleg; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Ostell, James; Miller, Vadim; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Steven T; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusov, Roman L; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2006-12-14

179

Characteristics of information resources preferred by primary care physicians.  

PubMed

Primary care physicians use patient data, medical knowledge, logistic information, and population statistics. They rely on their personal knowledge to care for their patients, their top priority. When they seek information beyond this personal knowledge base, they frequently want information in the context of the care of a specific patient. They also continually add to their personal knowledge base. Less frequently, they seek logistic information and population statistics. For patient-specific questions, physicians most often seek medical facts or medical opinions. A physician may be persistent in seeking information if the patient's problem is perceived to be urgent and the doctor believes a definitive answer exists. Information resources for answering clinical questions should be readily available, familiar, and quick to use. Lifelong learning activities should also be readily available, and they should require a minimum of time, effort, and expense. Minimal cost in time and effort is particularly important when knowledge is sought as a part of ongoing medical learning, since there is less immediate benefit to balance the time and effort invested in information seeking. PMID:9160156

Thompson, M L

1997-04-01

180

Nonprint Media as Information Resources: Software and Hardware  

PubMed Central

Nonprint materials are rapidly becoming important information and learning resource materials for the health science library. Because of their long experience in organizing and utilizing informational materials, libraries represent highly appropriate repositories and sites for utilization of these new materials. Nonprint materials differ from printed materials in several ways, and this may account for the resistance of some librarians to dealing with them. One of the most important differences is that a machine must serve as mediator between the information and the user of nonprint materials. Also, the great variety of formats and machines can confuse the novice. The librarian must learn to deal with these differences in a creative way through a process of cooperation and collaboration with media and educational technology specialists.

Kronick, David A.

1974-01-01

181

48 CFR 1804.470 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources. 1804.470 Section 1804.470 Federal Acquisition...470 Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT)...

2011-10-01

182

Study on Collaboration Mechanisms of Information Resources Allocation Strategy in National Innovation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract-Information resources allocation strategy is the foundation of allocation activities development, is the overall plan and arrangement for a long-term allocation goal, implementation program and operation mechanism. According to the national innovation and development requirements, this study combined synergetic theory with traditional information resources allocation theory to analyze information resources allocation strategy collaboration mechanisms and collaboration evolution processes in National

Zeng Jianxun; Zhao Yang; Zhang Xiaodong

2010-01-01

183

Implicit and explicit prior information in near-infrared spectral imaging: accuracy, quantification and diagnostic value.  

PubMed

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) of tissue provides quantification of absorbers, scattering and luminescent agents in bulk tissue through the use of measurement data and assumptions. Prior knowledge can be critical about things such as (i) the tissue shape and/or structure, (ii) spectral constituents, (iii) limits on parameters, (iv) demographic or biomarker data, and (v) biophysical models of the temporal signal shapes. A general framework of NIRS imaging with prior information is presented, showing that prior information datasets could be incorporated at any step in the NIRS process, with the general workflow being: (i) data acquisition, (ii) pre-processing, (iii) forward model, (iv) inversion/reconstruction, (v) post-processing, and (vi) interpretation/diagnosis. Most of the development in NIRS has used ad hoc or empirical implementations of prior information such as pre-measured absorber or fluorophore spectra, or tissue shapes as estimated by additional imaging tools. A comprehensive analysis would examine what prior information maximizes the accuracy in recovery and value for medical diagnosis, when implemented at separate stages of the NIRS sequence. Individual applications of prior information can show increases in accuracy or improved ability to estimate biochemical features of tissue, while other approaches may not. Most beneficial inclusion of prior information has been in the inversion/reconstruction process, because it solves the mathematical intractability. However, it is not clear that this is always the most beneficial stage. PMID:22006905

Pogue, Brian W; Davis, Scott C; Leblond, Frederic; Mastanduno, Michael A; Dehghani, Hamid; Paulsen, Keith D

2011-11-28

184

Implicit and explicit prior information in near-infrared spectral imaging: accuracy, quantification and diagnostic value  

PubMed Central

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) of tissue provides quantification of absorbers, scattering and luminescent agents in bulk tissue through the use of measurement data and assumptions. Prior knowledge can be critical about things such as (i) the tissue shape and/or structure, (ii) spectral constituents, (iii) limits on parameters, (iv) demographic or biomarker data, and (v) biophysical models of the temporal signal shapes. A general framework of NIRS imaging with prior information is presented, showing that prior information datasets could be incorporated at any step in the NIRS process, with the general workflow being: (i) data acquisition, (ii) pre-processing, (iii) forward model, (iv) inversion/reconstruction, (v) post-processing, and (vi) interpretation/diagnosis. Most of the development in NIRS has used ad hoc or empirical implementations of prior information such as pre-measured absorber or fluorophore spectra, or tissue shapes as estimated by additional imaging tools. A comprehensive analysis would examine what prior information maximizes the accuracy in recovery and value for medical diagnosis, when implemented at separate stages of the NIRS sequence. Individual applications of prior information can show increases in accuracy or improved ability to estimate biochemical features of tissue, while other approaches may not. Most beneficial inclusion of prior information has been in the inversion/reconstruction process, because it solves the mathematical intractability. However, it is not clear that this is always the most beneficial stage.

Pogue, Brian W.; Davis, Scott C.; Leblond, Frederic; Mastanduno, Michael A.; Dehghani, Hamid; Paulsen, Keith D.

2011-01-01

185

European Networked Information Resources for Space and Earth Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Impressive developments can be observed of the so-called Networked Information Resource Discovery and Retrieval systems like Archie, Veronica, Gopher, World Wide Web, WAIS, Hyper-G etc. These systems have in common the utilization of the Internet and its client-server architectures. Most of the software of these systems has been put into the public domain and there is a permanent improvement of server technology, graphical clients and gateways to interconnect the systems. Standardization of client server protocols and of exchange data formats is evolving. This paper addresses the emerging Internet information service technologies by asking how they can be of use to the space and earth science communities. A number of European services - all still in demonstration status - are described. The paper considers both the information provider's and the user's point of view. We summarize the available and planned services, their inter-connectivity and the network protocols they use, giving examples in Astronomy, Earth Observation and Space Sciences. In particular, we try to extrapolate into the future on possibilities of providing comprehensive services using common network resources.

Ansari, S. G.; Albrecht, R.; Triebnig, G.

186

Spectral Doppler estimation utilizing 2-D spatial information and adaptive signal processing.  

PubMed

The trade-off between temporal and spectral resolution in conventional pulsed wave (PW) Doppler may limit duplex/triplex quality and the depiction of rapid flow events. It is therefore desirable to reduce the required observation window (OW) of the Doppler signal while preserving the frequency resolution. This work investigates how the required observation time can be reduced by adaptive spectral estimation utilizing 2-D spatial information obtained by parallel receive beamforming. Four adaptive estimation techniques were investigated, the power spectral Capon (PSC) method, the amplitude and phase estimation (APES) technique, multiple signal classification (MUSIC), and a projection-based version of the Capon technique. By averaging radially and laterally, the required covariance matrix could successfully be estimated without temporal averaging. Useful PW spectra of high resolution and contrast could be generated from ensembles corresponding to those used in color flow imaging (CFI; OW = 10). For a given OW, the frequency resolution could be increased compared with the Welch approach, in cases in which the transit time was higher or comparable to the observation time. In such cases, using short or long pulses with unfocused or focused transmit, an increase in temporal resolution of up to 4 to 6 times could be obtained in in vivo examples. It was further shown that by using adaptive signal processing, velocity spectra may be generated without high-pass filtering the Doppler signal. With the proposed approach, spectra retrospectively calculated from CFI may become useful for unfocused as well as focused imaging. This application may provide new clinical information by inspection of velocity spectra simultaneously from several spatial locations. PMID:22711413

Ekroll, Ingvild K; Torp, Hans; Løvstakken, Lasse

2012-06-01

187

Using the information resource dictionary system command language  

SciTech Connect

This document introduces and provides examples of the Command Language of the draft proposed Information Resource Dictionary System (IRDS). A dictionary maintained by the US Air Force is defined in the IRDS and used as a continuing example throughout the document. The dictionary is populated, manipulated, and reported on using the precise syntax of the Command Language. An appendix to the document provides a complete listing of the creation of the example. Other appendices provide indices of all command appearances and all clause appearances.

Goldfine, A.

1985-04-01

188

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, Reference Sequence, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Peptidome, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:19910364

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; John Wilbur, W; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2009-11-12

189

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, Reference Sequence, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Peptidome, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; John Wilbur, W.; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2010-01-01

190

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2011-01-01

191

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank(R) nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database, SAGEmap, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized datasets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at: .

Wheeler, David L.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Kenton, David L.; Khovayko, Oleg; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Schriml, Lynn M.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Suzek, Tugba O.; Tatusov, Roman; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2006-01-01

192

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications is custom implementation of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:18940862

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2008-10-21

193

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Splign, ProSplign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), IBIS, Biosystems, Peptidome, OMSSA, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:21097890

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2010-11-21

194

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs), Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART) and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications is custom implementation of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Madden, Thomas L.; Maglott, Donna R.; Miller, Vadim; Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2009-01-01

195

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:22140104

Sayers, Eric W; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; Dicuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2011-12-02

196

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through NCBI's Web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Entrez Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Electronic PCR, OrfFinder, Spidey, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, Cancer Chromosomes, Entrez Genomes and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Clusters of Orthologous Groups, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database, SAGEmap, Gene Expression Omnibus, Entrez Probe, GENSAT, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized datasets. All of the resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:16381840

Wheeler, David L; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A; Bryant, Stephen H; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M; DiCuccio, Michael; Edgar, Ron; Federhen, Scott; Geer, Lewis Y; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Kenton, David L; Khovayko, Oleg; Lipman, David J; Madden, Thomas L; Maglott, Donna R; Ostell, James; Pruitt, Kim D; Schuler, Gregory D; Schriml, Lynn M; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T; Sirotkin, Karl; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Suzek, Tugba O; Tatusov, Roman; Tatusova, Tatiana A; Wagner, Lukas; Yaschenko, Eugene

2006-01-01

197

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information  

PubMed Central

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI Website. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals (OMIA), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB), the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Sayers, Eric W.; Barrett, Tanya; Benson, Dennis A.; Bolton, Evan; Bryant, Stephen H.; Canese, Kathi; Chetvernin, Vyacheslav; Church, Deanna M.; DiCuccio, Michael; Federhen, Scott; Feolo, Michael; Fingerman, Ian M.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Helmberg, Wolfgang; Kapustin, Yuri; Krasnov, Sergey; Landsman, David; Lipman, David J.; Lu, Zhiyong; Madden, Thomas L.; Madej, Tom; Maglott, Donna R.; Marchler-Bauer, Aron; Miller, Vadim; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Ostell, James; Panchenko, Anna; Phan, Lon; Pruitt, Kim D.; Schuler, Gregory D.; Sequeira, Edwin; Sherry, Stephen T.; Shumway, Martin; Sirotkin, Karl; Slotta, Douglas; Souvorov, Alexandre; Starchenko, Grigory; Tatusova, Tatiana A.; Wagner, Lukas; Wang, Yanli; Wilbur, W. John; Yaschenko, Eugene; Ye, Jian

2012-01-01

198

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.  

PubMed

In addition to maintaining the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) provides analysis and retrieval resources for the data in GenBank and other biological data made available through the NCBI web site. NCBI resources include Entrez, the Entrez Programming Utilities, MyNCBI, PubMed, PubMed Central, Gene, the NCBI Taxonomy Browser, BLAST, BLAST Link (BLink), Primer-BLAST, COBALT, Splign, RefSeq, UniGene, HomoloGene, ProtEST, dbMHC, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Genetic Testing Registry, Genome and related tools, the Map Viewer, Model Maker, Evidence Viewer, Trace Archive, Sequence Read Archive, BioProject, BioSample, Retroviral Genotyping Tools, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database, Gene Expression Omnibus, Probe, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals, the Molecular Modeling Database, the Conserved Domain Database, the Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool, Biosystems, Protein Clusters and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page. PMID:23193264

2012-11-27

199

Environet: An interactive space-environment information resource  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EnviroNET is an interactive menu-driven system set up as an information resource for experimenters, program managers, and design and test engineers who are involved in space missions. Its basic use is as a fundamental single-source of data for the environment encountered by Shuttle and Space Station payloads, but is also has wider applicability in that it includes information on environments encountered by other satellites in both low altitude and high altitude (including geosynchronous) orbits. It incorporates both a text-retrieval mode and an interactive modeling code mode. The system is maintained on the ENVNET and MicroVAX computer at NASA/Goddard. It's services are available at no cost to any user who has access to a terminal and a dial-up port. It is a tail-node on SPAN and so it is accessible either directly or through BITNET, ARPANET, and GTE/TELENET via NPSS.

Vampola, A. L.; Hall, William N.; Lauriente, Michael

1989-05-01

200

Plastics Resource: Information on Plastics and the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Plastics Council (APC) maintains the Plastics Resource: Information on Plastics and the Environment Web site. The APC, which is a major trade association for the US plastics industry, works to promote the benefits of plastics and the plastics industry. Visitors to the site can learn the development history of plastics and how they contribute to our health and safety in the Plastics 101 link. They can also find out how plastics are actually environmentally friendly, how much they really contribute to landfills, how plastic can protect the groundwater, and much more. Although the site is well designed and enjoyable to explore, readers should understand the likely biases associated with organization presenting the information.

2000-01-01

201

An oil film information retrieval method overcoming the influence of sun glitter, based on AISA+ airborne hyper-spectral image  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As an effective survey tool for oil spill detection, the airborne hyper-spectral sensor affords the potentiality for retrieving the quantitative information of oil slick which is useful for the cleanup of spilled oil. But many airborne hyper-spectral images are affected by sun glitter which distorts radiance values and spectral ratios used for oil slick detection. In 2005, there's an oil spill event leaking at oil drilling platform in The South China Sea, and an AISA+ airborne hyper-spectral image recorded this event will be selected for studying in this paper, which is affected by sun glitter terribly. Through a spectrum analysis of the oil and water samples, two features -- "spectral rotation" and "a pair of fixed points" can be found in spectral curves between crude oil film and water. Base on these features, an oil film information retrieval method which can overcome the influence of sun glitter is presented. Firstly, the radiance of the image is converted to normal apparent reflectance (NormAR). Then, based on the features of "spectral rotation" (used for distinguishing oil film and water) and "a pair of fixed points" (used for overcoming the effect of sun glitter), NormAR894/NormAR516 is selected as an indicator of oil film. Finally, by using a threshold combined with the technologies of image filter and mathematic morphology, the distribution and relative thickness of oil film are retrieved.

Zhan, Yuanzeng; Mao, Tianming; Gong, Fang; Wang, Difeng; Chen, Jianyu

2010-10-01

202

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 8: Academic Computing and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on academic computing and library issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "Where's the Beef?: Implementation of Discipline-Specific Training on Internet Resources" (Priscilla Hancock and others); (2) "'What I Really Want…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

203

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 8: Academic Computing and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Eight papers are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on academic computing and library issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "Where's the Beef?: Implementation of Discipline-Specific Training on Internet Resources" (Priscilla Hancock and others); (2) "'What I Really…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

204

Information from dust continuum data: Estimation of temperature, spectral index, and column density  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sub-millimetre continuum data provide information on the column density and dust properties of interstellar clouds. We have compared methods that can be used to derive high-resolution column density maps from, e.g., Herschel measurements. We also have investigated the estimation of dust colour temperature and emissivity spectral index. Radiative transfer models are used to study the differences between the true and apparent cloud properties and to compare the performance of analysis methods. Models show that, because of the nature of spatial temperature variations, externally heated clouds tend to show an artificial positive correlation between colour temperature and spectral index. For clouds with internal heating, the situation is reversed. Analysis of observations is affected by observational noise that also can produce a negative correlation. We find that, compared to direct least squares fitting of modified black body spectra, Bayesian methods and hierarchical statistical models are more accurate although not completely unbiased. Hierarchical models can mask possible local variation in the relation between temperature and spectral index. Palmeirim et al. (2013) derived high-resolution column density maps using a combination of estimates obtained in different wavelength ranges. The method is quite reliable although somewhat sensitive to noise. For clouds with a simple density structure, radiative transfer modelling provides the most accurate estimates. As a simpler alternative, we propose modelling that consists of high-resolution column density and temperature maps that are matched to observations through convolution. The method is able to produce reliable column density estimates even at super-resolution. The method is computationally demanding but still feasible even in the analysis of large Herschel maps.

Juvela, Mika; Montillaud, Julien; Ysard, Nathalie; Malinen, Johanna; Lunttila, Tuomas

2013-07-01

205

Resolving spectral information from time domain induced polarization data through 2-D inversion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Field-based time domain (TD) induced polarization (IP) surveys are usually modelled by taking into account only the integral chargeability, thus disregarding spectral content. Furthermore, the effect of the transmitted waveform is commonly neglected, biasing inversion results. Given these limitations of conventional approaches, a new 2-D inversion algorithm has been developed using the full voltage decay of the IP response, together with an accurate description of the transmitter waveform and receiver transfer function. This allows reconstruction of the spectral information contained in the TD decay series. The inversion algorithm is based around a 2-D complex conductivity kernel that is computed over a range of frequencies and converted to the TD through a fast Hankel transform. Two key points in the implementation ensure that computation times are minimized. First, the speed of the Jacobian computation, time transformed from frequency domain through the same transformation adopted for the forward response is optimized. Secondly, the reduction of the number of frequencies where the forward response and Jacobian are calculated: cubic splines are used to interpolate the responses to the frequency sampling necessary in the fast Hankel transform. These features, together with parallel computation, ensure inversion times comparable with those of direct current algorithms. The algorithm has been developed in a laterally constrained inversion scheme, and handles both smooth and layered inversions; the latter being helpful in sedimentary environments, where quasi-layered models often represent the actual geology more accurately than smooth minimum-structure models. In the layered inversion approach, a general method to derive the thickness derivative from the complex conductivity Jacobian is also proposed. One synthetic example of layered inversion and one field example of smooth inversion show the capability of the algorithm and illustrates a complete uncertainty analysis of the model parameters. With this new algorithm, in situ TD IP measurements give access to the spectral content of the polarization processes, opening up new applications in environmental and hydrogeophysical investigations.

Fiandaca, Gianluca; Ramm, James; Binley, Andrew; Gazoty, Aurélie; Christiansen, Anders Vest; Auken, Esben

2013-02-01

206

The Eighth Stage of Information Management: Information Resources Management (IRM) vs. Knowledge Management (KM), and the Chief Information Officer (CIO) vs. the Chief Knowledge Officer (CKO).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the characteristics of the transfer point of information management to knowledge management (KM), what information resources management (IRM) does, and compares information and knowledge management and the roles of chief information officer (CIO) and chief knowledge officer (CKO). (PEN)

Chen, Rui

1998-01-01

207

The Role of Information Systems Resources in ERP Capability Building and Business Process Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many enterprise resource planning (ERP) implementation projects fail despite huge investments. To explain such failures, we draw on the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm to define various dimensions of information systems (IS) re- sources. Using resource-picking and capability-building arguments, we examine the relationships between IS resources and ERP capabilities to find out whether they have

Jahangir Karimi; Toni M. Somers; Anol Bhattacherjee

2007-01-01

208

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Information Resources Catalogue. A collection of energy efficiency and renewable energy information resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NREL's first annual Information Resources Catalogue is intended to inform anyone interested in energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies of NREL's outreach activities, including publications and services. For ease of use, all entries are categorized by subject. The catalogue is separated into six main sections. The first section lists and describes services that are available through NREL and how they may be accessed. The second section contains a list of documents that are published by NREL on a regular or periodic basis. The third section highlights NREL's series publications written for specific audiences and presenting a wide range of subjects. NREL's General Interest Publications constitute the fourth section of the catalogue and are written for nontechnical audiences. Descriptions are provided for these publications. The fifth section contains Technical Reports that detail research and development projects. The section on Conference Papers/Journal Articles/Book Chapters makes up the sixth and final section of the catalogue.

1994-05-01

209

Development Strategy of Information Industry Based on the View of Current Human Resources in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve the plight of human resources in the information industry of China, this paper uses the method of strategic human resources to deal with the problem of lacking talents. Based on the data of the present human resources in the information industry, which are provided by the Chinese Enterprise Talent Study Centre, this paper analyzes the status

Yuesheng Zhang

2011-01-01

210

RDF Representation of Metadata for Semantic Integration of Corporate Information Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we will discuss the use of RDF-based metadata to achieve the semantic integration of corporate information resources. This approach uses the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and Resource Description Framework Schema (RDFS) for the representation of all metadata characterizing the content of the information source as well as an interlinqua for standardizing all communications between system components. We

Tom Barrett; David Jones; Jun Yuan; John Sawaya; Mike Uschold; Tom Adams; Deborah Folger

2002-01-01

211

Marketing academic library resources and information services to international students from Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to suggest strategies for marketing academic library resources and information services to Asian international students. Compared with those from a Western culture, those students are not as knowledgeable about the library resources and information services in an academic setting. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper describes the strategies for marketing academic library resources and

Cuiying Mu

2007-01-01

212

Spectral stratigraphy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stratigraphic and structural studies of the Wind River and Bighorn basins, Wyoming, and the Guerrero-Morelos basin, Mexico, have resulted in development of 'spectral stratigraphy.' This approach to stratigraphic analysis uses photogeologic and spectral interpretation of multispectral remote sensing data combined with topographic information to determine the attitude, thickness, and lithology of strata exposed at the surface. This paper reviews selected

Harold R. Lang

1991-01-01

213

Managing Federal Information Resources. Tenth Annual Report under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Highlights from 1991; Managing Federal Information Collection Activities, Information Resources Management - Information and Technology Policy, Statistical Policy, Paperwork Reduction Act Violations, Requests for Emergency Reviews, Repo...

1992-01-01

214

75 FR 51751 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; User Engagement Survey for Water Resources...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or copies of the information collection instrument...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract This is a proposed new information collection. As...coastal and marine resources to meet our Nation's economic, social, and...

2010-08-23

215

The Information Commons: a model for (physical) digital resource centers.  

PubMed

Since its planning, construction, and opening in 1996, the Information Commons, located in The University of Iowa's Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, has served as a common ground for self-directed learning, information research, hands-on class sessions, and multimedia development. Initiatives launched from the Information Commons not only have helped increase the visibility of Hardin Library as an environment well equipped to support traditional research and education needs, but have promoted the library as a campus leader and viable partner in planning and delivering digital technologies effectively. Ongoing initiatives have focused on better integrating the library's services and resources with the curricula and research needs of the university's health sciences units. This paper describes the facility, its programmatic elements, and its impact on education, communication, and technology trends in an academic health sciences setting. Particular attention is paid to initiatives launched during the first two years of operation. This paper also discusses plans for expansion of the facility. PMID:9803303

Duncan, J M

1998-10-01

216

Source Reconstruction for Spectrally-resolved Bioluminescence Tomography with Sparse A priori Information  

PubMed Central

Through restoration of the light source information in small animals in vivo, optical molecular imaging, such as fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) and bioluminescence tomography (BLT), can depict biological and physiological changes observed using molecular probes. A priori information plays an indispensable role in tomographic reconstruction. As a type of a priori information, the sparsity characteristic of the light source has not been sufficiently considered to date. In this paper, we introduce a compressed sensing method to develop a new tomographic algorithm for spectrally-resolved bioluminescence tomography. This method uses the nature of the source sparsity to improve the reconstruction quality with a regularization implementation. Based on verification of the inverse crime, the proposed algorithm is validated with Monte Carlo-based synthetic data and the popular Tikhonov regularization method. Testing with different noise levels and single/multiple source settings at different depths demonstrates the improved performance of this algorithm. Experimental reconstruction with a mouse-shaped phantom further shows the potential of the proposed algorithm.

Lu, Yujie; Zhang, Xiaoqun; Douraghy, Ali; Stout, David; Tian, Jie; Chan, Tony F.; Chatziioannou, Arion F.

2009-01-01

217

76 FR 26235 - EPAAR Clause for Compliance with EPA Policies for Information Resources Management  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Architecture) and (4)(Earned Value Management) is deleted. 3. Paragraph...Groundwater Program Information Resources Management Requirement, is deleted, and...of documents on the Office of Human Resources Web site and the...

2011-05-06

218

Build an education resources allocation planning model of school with integrating Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most important core competences of school education resources allocation is the teaching activities of integrating information technology into instruction. This paper explores integrating information technology into instruction how to build an education resources allocation planning model using De Novo programming for case study. We expect building an efficient planning model of integrating information technology into instruction for school education

James K. C. Chen; Kevin C. Y. Chen; Sin-Yi Lin; Benjamin J. C. Yuan

2008-01-01

219

Management information system for provincial mineral resources based on ArcGIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methodology and key technology of provincial information system of mine resources planning and management based on ArcGIS were discussed. Geographic Information System (GIS) is a comprehensive information technology capable to store, manage, analyze and display spatial data, and its powerful spatial query and spatial analysis function have been widely used in management of land resources. The regional GIS for mineral

Shengjun Zhong; Tianping Bi; Zhufang Wang

2010-01-01

220

A general method for downscaling earth resource information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A programme scripted for use in an R programming environment called dissever is presented. This programme was designed to facilitate a generalised method for downscaling coarsely resolved earth resource information using available finely gridded covariate data. Under the assumption that the relationship between the target variable being downscaled and the available covariates can be nonlinear, dissever uses weighted generalised additive models (GAMs) to drive the empirical function. An iterative algorithm of GAM fitting and adjustment attempts to optimise the downscaling to ensure that the target variable value given for each coarse grid cell equals the average of all target variable values at the fine scale in each coarse grid cell. A number of outputs needed for mapping results and diagnostic purposes are automatically generated from dissever. We demonstrate the programs' functionality by downscaling a soil organic carbon (SOC) map with 1-km by 1-km grid resolution down to a 90-m by 90-m grid resolution using available covariate information derived from a digital elevation model, Landsat ETM+ data, and airborne gamma radiometric data. dissever produced high quality results as indicated by a low weighted root mean square error between averaged 90-m SOC predictions within their corresponding 1-km grid cell (0.82 kg m-3). Additionally, from a concordance between the downscaled map and another map created using digital soil mapping methods there was a strong agreement (0.94). Future versioning of dissever will investigate quantifying the uncertainty of the downscaled outputs.

Malone, Brendan P.; McBratney, Alex B.; Minasny, Budiman; Wheeler, Ichsani

2012-04-01

221

Gain-free square root information filtering using the spectral decomposition  

SciTech Connect

A new square root state estimation algorithm is introduced, that operates in the information mode in both the time and the measurement update stages. The algorithm, called the V-Lambda filter, is based on the spectral decomposition of the covariance matrix into a V-Lambda-V exp T form, where V is the matrix whose columns are the eigenvectors of the covariance matrix, and Lambda is the diagonal matrix of its eigenvalues. The algorithm updates a normalized state estimate along with the information matrix square root factors, thus doing away with the gain computation. Both stages of the filter constitute equation-free algorithms and thus ideally suit parallel processing implementations. Singular value decomposition is used as a sole computational tool in both the eigenvectors/eigenvalues and the normalized state estimate updates, rendering a complete estimation scheme with exceptional numerical stability and precision. The distinct square root nature of the new algorithm is demonstrated numerically via a typical example, which compares the performance of the V-Lambda filter to that of the corresponding conventional Kalman algorithm. Belonging to the class of square root estimation algorithms, the new filter has all the virtues of a true square root routine. However, the new formulation also provides its user with invaluable insight into the heart of the estimation process, which is a unique characteristic of the V-Lambda filters. 20 refs.

Oshman, Y. (New York State Univ., Buffalo (USA))

1989-10-01

222

Developing a Remotely Sensed Rainfall Retrieval Algorithm using Multi-Spectral Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Improving infrared-based rainfall retrieval algorithms using satellite-based multi-spectral infrared (IR) and microwave (MW) is the main objective of this study. Estimating accurate precipitation from remote sensing information is still a challenge, particularly, for remote and mountainous regions where ground-based gauge networks and radar coverage leave behind. A multi-sensor algorithm based on an artificial neural networks system is been developing for estimating more accurate rainfall using cloud-top IR from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) in conjunction with microwave from Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU). Remotely sensed infrared provides brightness temperature only from the cloud top, but microwave spectrum can penetrate deeper and provide properties from inside the clouds. Therefore, using multi-sensor IR and MW information is expected to improve the accuracy of precipitation estimates. NEXRAD stage IV data, radar measurement calibrated against rain gauge observation, is used to train the ANN model and rain gauge observation is used to validate this algorithm. Warm season storms over the western United States are considered for this study. Preliminary investigation indicates that the higher frequency microwave (AMSU-89 GHz and -150 GHz), which is more correlated with rainfall, is an appropriate source of information to be combined with the GOES infrared channel 4 and used as model input for rainfall estimation. Results obtained from the model show an average correlation coefficient of about 0.55 using IR data as model input, and about 0.76 using the combination of MW and IR data (about 0.81 for AMSU-89 GHz and, about 0.71 for - 150 GHz).

Hernandez, C.; Mahani, S.; Khanbilvardi, R.

2006-05-01

223

National Renewable Energy Laboratory information resources catalogue. A collection of energy efficiency and renewable energy information resources  

SciTech Connect

NREL`s first annual Information Resources Catalogue is intended to inform anyone interested in energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies of NREL`s outreach activities, including publications and services. For ease of use, all entries are categorized by subject. The catalogue is separated into six main sections. The first section lists and describes services that are available through NREL and how they may be assessed. The second section contains a list of documents that are published by NREL on a regular or periodic basis. The third section highlights NREL`s series publications written for specific audiences and presenting a wide range of subjects. NREL`s General Interest Publications constitute the fourth section of the catalogue and are written for nontechnical audiences. Descriptions are provided for these publications. The fifth section contains Technical Reports that detail research and development projects. The section on Conference Papers/Journal Articles/Book Chapters makes up the sixth and final section of the catalogue.

Not Available

1994-12-31

224

The use of visual information by house flies, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae), foraging in resource patches  

Microsoft Academic Search

House flies, Musca domestica, respond to visual contrasts on the substrate if a resource is associated with the contrasting patterns. Visible resource patch boundaries serve as a signal to flies that they are about to leave a rewarding patch. Searching flies respond to such visual information by walking along the resource patch boundary and turning back into the patch at

Donna Conlon; William J. Bell

1991-01-01

225

Using resource-level information into nonadditive negotiation models for cloud Market environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Markets arise as an efficient way of organising resources in Cloud Computing scenarios. In Cloud Comput- ing Markets, Brokers that represent both Clients and Service Providers meet in a Market and negotiate for the sales of resources or services. This paper defends the idea that efficient negotiations require of the usage of resource-level information for increasing the accuracy of negotiated

Mario Macías; Jordi Guitart

2010-01-01

226

Computerization of the Minneapolis Community Information and Referral Service Resource File.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The computerized community information and referral service (CIRS) serving Hennepin County, Minn., is described. CIRS provides free information to community residents about health, welfare, social services, and educational and recreational resources in th...

1975-01-01

227

Nonlocal correlations as an information-theoretic resource  

SciTech Connect

It is well known that measurements performed on spatially separated entangled quantum systems can give rise to correlations that are nonlocal, in the sense that a Bell inequality is violated. They cannot, however, be used for superluminal signaling. It is also known that it is possible to write down sets of 'superquantum' correlations that are more nonlocal than is allowed by quantum mechanics, yet are still nonsignaling. Viewed as an information-theoretic resource, superquantum correlations are very powerful at reducing the amount of communication needed for distributed computational tasks. An intriguing question is why quantum mechanics does not allow these more powerful correlations. We aim to shed light on the range of quantum possibilities by placing them within a wider context. With this in mind, we investigate the set of correlations that are constrained only by the no-signaling principle. These correlations form a polytope, which contains the quantum correlations as a (proper) subset. We determine the vertices of the no-signaling polytope in the case that two observers each choose from two possible measurements with d outcomes. We then consider how interconversions between different sorts of correlations may be achieved. Finally, we consider some multipartite examples.

Barrett, Jonathan; Massar, Serge; Pironio, Stefano [Physique Theorique, C.P. 225, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Centre for Quantum Information and Communication, C.P. 165/59, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Avenue F. D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Linden, Noah [Department of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom); Popescu, Sandu [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Stoke Gifford, Bristol BS12 6QZ (United Kingdom); Roberts, David [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom)

2005-02-01

228

OPTICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING: Modulation—spectral analysis of an image transmitted across a distorting medium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The task of simultaneous determination of the structure and characteristics of a two-dimensional amplitude—phase signal and a two-dimensional complex transfer or instrumental function is considered. The solution is based on determination of four independent intensity distributions of spectral representations of the signal Isr(?x, ?y) subjected to the action of the transfer function, of the signal Ismr(?x, ?y which) has experienced additional modulation applied in a certain manner and the action of the transfer function, of the signal Isrn(?x, ?y) representing the signal Isr(?x, ?y) with certain additional modulation at the output, and of the signal Ismrn(?x, ?y) which is the signal Ismr(?x, ?y) with certain additional modulation at the output. These intensity distributions make it possible to calculate the amplitude and phase components of the image being analysed and of the transfer function. Additional modulations should in some way ensure visualisation of the phase information. A specific type of additional spatial modulation, in the form of linear amplitude, is discussed.

Zubov, Vladimir A.; Mironova, T. V.

1998-05-01

229

Biomedical applications of the information-efficient spectral imaging sensor (ISIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ISIS approach to spectral imaging seeks to bridge the gap between tuned multispectral and fixed hyperspectral imaging sensor. By allowing the definition of completely general spectral filter functions, truly optimal measurement can be made for a given task. These optimal measurements significantly improve signal to noise ratio and speed, minimize data volume and data rate, while preserving classification accuracy.

Steven M. Gentry; Richard M. Levenson

1999-01-01

230

International Virtual Observatory System for Water Resources Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sharing, accessing, and integrating hydrologic and climatic data have been identified as a critical need for some time. The current state of data portals, standards, technologies, activities, and expertise can be leverage to develop an initial operational capability for a virtual observatory system. This system will allow to link observations data with stream networks and models, and to solve semantic inconsistencies among communities. Prototyping a virtual observatory system is an inter-disciplinary, inter-agency and international endeavor. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) within the OGC Interoperability Program provides the process and expertise to run such collaborative effort. The OGC serves as a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and to advance the development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. The project coordinated by OGC that is advancing an international virtual observatory system for water resources information is called Climatology-Hydrology Information Sharing Pilot, Phase 1 (CHISP-1). It includes observations and forecasts in the U.S. and Canada levering current networks and capabilities. It is designed to support the following use cases: 1) Hydrologic modeling for historical and near-future stream flow and groundwater conditions. Requires the integration of trans-boundary stream flow and groundwater well data, as well as national river networks (US NHD and Canada NHN) from multiple agencies. Emphasis will be on time series data and real-time flood monitoring. 2) Modeling and assessment of nutrient load into the lakes. Requires accessing water-quality data from multiple agencies and integrating with stream flow information for calculating loads. Emphasis on discrete sampled water quality observations, linking those to specific NHD stream reaches and catchments, and additional metadata for sampled data. The key objectives of these use cases are: 1) To link observations data to the stream network, enabling queries of conditions upstream from a given location to return all relevant gages and well locations. This is currently not practical with the data sources available. 2) To bridge differences in semantics across information models and processes used by the various data producers, to improve the hydrologic and water quality modeling capabilities. Other expected benefits to be derived from this project include: - Leverage a large body of existing data holdings and related activities of multiple agencies in the US and Canada. - Influence data and metadata standards used internationally for web-based information sharing, through multiple agency cooperation and OGC standards setting process. - Reduction of procurement risk through partnership-based development of an initial operating capability verses the cost for building a fully operational system using a traditional "waterfall approach". - Identification and clarification of what is possible, and of the key technical and non-technical barriers to continued progress in sharing and integrating hydrologic and climatic information. - Promote understanding and strengthen ties within the hydro-climatic community. This is anticipated to be the first phase of a multi-phase project, with future work on forecasting the hydrologic consequences of extreme weather events, and enabling more sophisticated water quality modeling.

Leinenweber, Lewis; Bermudez, Luis

2013-04-01

231

The research and development of water resources management information system based on ArcGIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to that there are large amount of data, complexity of data type and format in the water resources management, we built the water resources calculation model and established the water resources management information system based on the advanced ArcGIS and Visual Studio.NET development platform. The system can integrate the spatial data and attribute data organically, and manage them uniformly. It can analyze spatial data, inquire by map and data bidirectionally, provide various charts and report forms automatically, link multimedia information, manage database etc. . So it can provide spatial and static synthetical information services for study, management and decision of water resources, regional geology and eco-environment etc..

Cui, Weiqun; Gao, Xiaoli; Li, Yuzhi; Cui, Zhencai

232

An Information-Theoretic Analysis of Memory Bounds in a Distributed Resource Allocation Mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiagent distributed resource allocation requires that agents act on limited, localized information with minimum communication overhead in order to optimize the distribution of available resources. When requirements and constraints are dynamic, learning agents may be needed to allow for adap- tation. One way of accomplishing learning is to observe past outcomes, using such information to improve future decisions. When limits

Ricardo M. Araujo; Luís C. Lamb

2007-01-01

233

Teachers' perspectives of why and how they use the resources of informal science education sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a growing interest in fostering increased connections between schools and community resources---such as informal science sites. This is due, in part, to the recognition that museum learning has many potential advantages, including improving motivation and attitudes, and nurturing curiosity. Some teachers are using the resources of informal science sites more than others. The purpose of this study

Christian Rene Youker

2002-01-01

234

Impact of Online Resources on Informal Learners: Parents' Perception of Their Parenting Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Internet and Web technology development have opened up new ways for people to communicate, gain new information and increase their knowledge. One particular area of interest is that of using online resources to empower informal learners to increase their knowledge at their own time and space. One could look at an online resource as a public…

Na, Jin-Cheon; Chia, Shee Wai

2008-01-01

235

Reverse logistics: superior performance through focused resource commitments to information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of businesses in the automobile aftermarket industry provided insights into how reverse logistics performance can be influenced by a few key strategic decisions. Resource commitment is critical to program performance. However, it is important that the resources be focused on developing information technology capabilities. This, no doubt, is reflective of the nature of reverse logistics. Information support––for authorizing,

Patricia J. Daugherty; R. Glenn Richey; Stefan E. Genchev; Haozhe Chen

2005-01-01

236

Information Preferences and Corresponding Consumption Behavior in Common Pool Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the purpose of managing a common pool resource (CPR), it may be crucial to know what kind of information is important to the actors involved. The present study tests a set of hypotheses from the social ecological relevance (SER) model of decision-making in commons dilemma situations. The results showed that (1) information about the resource increased in importance with

Wernher M. Brucks; Hans-Joachim Mosler

2011-01-01

237

Helium resources of the United States, 1993. Information circular\\/1995  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report uses several criteria to determine reserves, marginal reserves, and subeconomic resources, including helium content, proximity to major gas transmission lines, and size of field. Refinements in evaluating other occurrences of helium and undiscovered resources also have been made for this report. As of this report, there is 33.7 Bcf of helium stored in Bush Dome at Cliffside Gasfield.

J. E. Hamak; D. L. Driskill

1995-01-01

238

Information systems, knowledge work and the IS professional: implications for human resources management  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. ABSTRACT This paper proposes that information systems (IS) designed for managing knowledge rather than just information are essential to help organizations develop competitive advantage in the next millenimn. A framework for IS design to manage knowledge by focusing on the semiotics of information processing is developed with theoretical backing from the resource based theory. The impact of this information

Paul J. Ambrose; Arkalgud Ramaprasad; Arun Rai

1998-01-01

239

The Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Resource Sharing Tailored for Local Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), which is charged with providing information services to the scientific and technical community of the Department of Defense (DoD), actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the defense…

Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

240

Remote sensing of potential lunar resources. 2: High spatial resolution mapping of spectral reflectance ratios and implications for nearside mare TiO2 content`  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High spatial resolution maps illustrating variations in spectral reflectance 400/560 nm ratio values have been generated for the following mare regions: (1) the border between southern Mare Serenitatis and northern Mare Tranquillitatis (including the MS-2 standard area and Apollo 17 landing site), (2) central Mare Tranquillitatis, (3) Oceanus Procellarum near Seleucus, and (4) southern Oceanus Procellarum and Flamsteed. We have also obtained 320-1000 nm reflectance spectra of several sites relative to MS-2 to facilitate scaling of the images and provide additional information on surface composition. Inferred TiO2 abundances for these mare regions have been determined using an empirical calibration which relates the weight percent TiO2 in mature mare regolith to the observed 400/560 nm ratio. Mare areas with high TiO2 abundances are probably rich in ilmenite (FeTiO3) a potential lunar resource. The highest potential TiO2 concentrations we have identified in the nearside maria occur in central Mare Tranquillitatis. Inferred TiO2 contents for these areas are greater than 9 wt% and are spatially consistent with the highest-TiO2 regions mapped previously at lower spatial resolution. We note that the morphology of surface units with high 400/560 nm ratio values increases in complexity at higher spatial resolutions. Comparisons have been made with previously published geologic maps, Lunar Orbiter IV, and ground-based images, and some possible morphologic correlatins have been found between our mapped 400/560 nm ratio values and volcanic landforms such as lava flows, mare domes, and collapse pits.

Melendrez, D. E.; Johnson, J. R.; Larson, S. M.; Singer, R. B.

1994-03-01

241

Automatic Cache Update Control for Scalable Resource Information Service with WS-Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scalable and interoperable security management has become an important issue in advanced datacenter services. In our previous work, we had developed integrated access control manager (IAM) that manages accesses to various resources. To integrate access controls for various resources, a scalable and interoperable resource information service that provides target resource information to compose access control policies is required. To improve interoperability and performance of the resource information service, we brought a resource information cache into the IAM and introduced an automatic cache update control method that updates cached information proactively based on WS-Management and CIM standards. To reduce server loads to update cached information, the proposed method selects a part of cached information by content priority as an update target instead of updating all cached contents. We evaluated the average query response time of resource information service by simulating the proposed method. The proposed method reduced average query response time by 66.66% compared to the conventional reactive update control method.

Tadano, Kumiko; Machida, Fumio; Kawato, Masahiro; Maeno, Yoshiharu

242

Natural resource damages under CERCLA. CERCLA Information Brief  

SciTech Connect

Under section 107(a) and 120(a) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) as amended, Federal agencies, including DOE, are liable for damages for injury to, destruction of, or loss of natural resources, including the cost of assessing such damage. CERCLA and the National Contingency Plan (NCP) establish DOE as both a CERCLA lead response agency on Departmental facilities and a trustee for natural resources under its jurisdiction. As such, the Department must respond to releases of hazardous substances from DOE`s facilities, and is liable for the restoration of natural resources that are lost or injured as a result of such releases or from the response actions.

Bascietto, J.

1993-06-01

243

Study of setting up the forest Resources Management Information System based on WEBGIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on an analysis of the characteristics of the Forest Resources Management Information System of each development phase,\\u000a and consideration of the technical trend in Geographic Information System (GIS) in the Internet Age, this paper explores the\\u000a importance and the feasibility of setting up Forest Resources Management Information System based on the WEBGIS. At the same\\u000a time, based on the

Su-li Wu; Quan-sheng Lou; Zhi-jie Quan; Xiao-jun Li

2003-01-01

244

The National Lending Library: Information Resource Center Extraordinaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a brief glimpse of the National Lending Library at Boston Spa in Yorkshire which is the primary bibliographic resource center for science and technology in Great Britain. (Author)

Peck, Theodore P.

1973-01-01

245

Community Colleges: General Information and Resources. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This digest offers general information about American community colleges and lists a variety of sources of additional information about these institutions. The digest provides the defining characteristics of community colleges and information on their curricula; statistics on enrollments and student characteristics; information on faculty…

ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.

246

Quantitative and comparative examination of the spectral features characteristics of the surface reflectance information retrieved from the atmospherically corrected images of Hyperion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The retrieval of surface reflectance information from the same single pixel of the Hyperion image atmospherically corrected by using image-based [internal average relative reflectance (IARR), log residuals, and flat field] and radiative transfer model (RTM)-based [the fast line-of-sight atmospheric analysis of spectral hypercubes (FLAASH) and the Atmospheric and Topographic Correction 2 (ATCOR-2)] approaches and the spectral feature characteristics of this information were quantitatively and comparatively examined based on measured ground spectral reflectance data. The spectral features quantitative analysis results of the reflectance data showed that spectral reflectances that are suitable and best fitting to the ground spectral reflectances which were obtained from the pixels of FLAASH, ATCOR-2, and flat field-corrected images, respectively. The retrieval of surface reflectance from the FLAASH-corrected image pixels, in general, produced high scores in spectral parameter analyses. Of the image-based approaches, only in flat field-derived reflectance data, results were obtained which are high and nearest to those of RTM and ground spectral reflectance data. Generally, low scores obtained in the spectral parameter analyses of the surface reflectance values retrieved from single pixels of IARR and log residuals-corrected images showed the results that fit worst to the measured ground spectral reflectance.

Kayadibi, Önder; Aydal, Do?an

2013-01-01

247

Adaptive non-negative bases for reconstruction of spectral data from colorimetric information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positive basis functions of the reflectance spectra of Munsell color chips are extracted by using the classical nonnegative matrix factorization method. Different numbers of basis, i.e., 3 to 5, are determined and used as projection spaces. The spectral reflectances of samples are defined in the desired compact spectral spaces and the performances of the spaces are evaluated through the cost of the "lost data" by computing of the root mean square error between the actual and the reconstructed spectra as well as the corresponding color difference values under different viewing conditions. The method is also compared with the most welcomed technique, i.e., principal component analyzing, and its priority is shown to some extent in the three dimensional space. To show the importance of the spectral behaviors of samples in the dataset on the extracted basis and consequently the error of the spectral reconstruction trial, the adaptive non-negative matrix factorization method is introduced and examined in the reconstruction of spectral data from the colorimetric tristimulus values. The suggested method weights the samples in the database proportional to the colorimetric differences between the specimens in the dataset and the sample whose spectral has been aimed, prior to the extraction of all positive bases. The root mean square errors between the actual and the reconstructed spectra as well as the metamerism indices under A and F11 illuminants are calculated and the results show considerable improvement over the classic non-negative matrix factorization method as well as the principal component analyzing technique.

Amirshahi, Seyed Hossein; Amirhahi, Seyed Ali

2010-11-01

248

Applying spectral mixture analysis (SMA) for soil information extraction on the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS) data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research objectives of this study were formulated to produce the soil spectral maps using spectral mixture analysis on the AVIRIS data of the Walnut Gulch Experimental Watershed, Tombstone, Arizona. To accomplish this objective the spectral characteristics of eight soils of this Watershed were determined considering the effect of the source of illumination/sensor viewing geometry, degree of wetness (dry vs wet), surface roughness, and the source of the spectra (field, sieved samples and lab) on the selection of image and reference endmembers. The scale effect of the source of spectra was also studied in connection with AVIRIS spectral response. The soils presented anisotropic behavior which varied inversely with the wavelength, and it was reduced under wet conditions. Loss of information occurred when moving from large scale data set (lab, sieved sample, and field spectra) to small scale data (AVIRIS). Cluster analysis and factor analysis were used to extract information about how soil reference endmembers are grouped in relation to viewing angles, degree of wetness and the source of the spectra. Factor analysis was applied to identify the key set of bands that carried most of the information. Soil spectral classes varied as a result of scale effects, soil conditions (wet or dry), and viewing angles. Factor analysis showed that with four unique bands (located at 0.410, 1.310, 0.650, and 2.400 mum) it was possible to reconstruct the four basic soil spectral curves (Epitaph, Graham, McAllister, and Baboquivari) from the lab data set. AVIRIS image was modeled using mixture analysis on the basis of image endmembers and reference endmembers. Based on the four dimensions of the AVIRIS data image endmembers were defined by three soil spectra (McAllister, Stronghold-3, and Graham) and by one spectra of green vegetation. The shade fractions were separated from dark soils (Graham and Epitaph) on the basis of the spatial context. The target test identified at least seven reference endmembers in the AVIRIS scene of the Watershed however; mixture analysis failed in obtaining fraction images from these reference endmembers. Mixture analysis was able to produce fraction images with a relatively high error for a small set (3) of reference endmembers (McAllister and Graham soils, and walnut leaf). However when applied to a subset of pixel extracted from the AVIRIS image mixture analysis identified the reference endmembers and quantified their proportions.

Accioly, Luciano Jose De Oliveira

1997-11-01

249

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information: 2002 update  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to maintaining the GenBank nucleic acid sequence database, the National Center for Biotech- nology Information (NCBI) provides data analysis and retrieval resources that operate on the data in GenBank and a variety of other biological data made available through NCBI's web site. NCBI data retrieval resources include Entrez, PubMed, LocusLink and the Taxonomy Browser. Data analysis resources include

David L. Wheeler; Deanna M. Church; Alex E. Lash; Detlef D. Leipe; Thomas L. Madden; Joan U. Pontius; Gregory D. Schuler; Lynn M. Schriml; Tatiana A. Tatusova; Lukas Wagner; Barbara A. Rapp

2002-01-01

250

Exploiting information theory for adaptive mobility and resource management in future cellular networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We utilize tools from information theory to develop adaptive algorithms for two key problems in cellular networks: location tracking and resource management. The use of information theory is motivated by the fundamental observation that overheads in many aspects of mobile computing can be traced to the randomness or uncertainty in an individual user's movement behavior. We present a model-independent information-theoretic

Abhishek Roy; Sajal K. Das; Archan MISRA

2004-01-01

251

LolliPop for Learning Resources: Information Literacy Staff Training within Further Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper looks at how the provision of information literacy training is supported in the further education sector. Using a case study, the results demonstrate how an online information literacy programme can be used as a staff development tool, in order that Learning Resources staff are better equipped to support students in their information

Appleton, Leo

2010-01-01

252

Informal HIV caregiving in a vulnerable population: toward a network resource framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the impoverished and often stigmatized communities most affected by HIV\\/AIDS, needs for informal caregiving present tremendous demands on already limited resources. Traditional theoretical frameworks emphasize care needs as driving informal caregiving. The proposed theoretical framework emphasizes microsocial processes that may affect informal caregiving among economically disadvantaged populations. The study examined: (1) network structural factors (homophily) that may affect availability

Amy R. Knowlton

2003-01-01

253

Evaluating network information models on resource efficiency and application performance in lambda-grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical challenge for wide-area configurable networks is definition and widespread acceptance of Network Information Model (NIM). When a network comprises multiple domains, intelligent information sharing is required for a provider to maintain a competitive advantage and for customers to use a provider's network and make good resource selection decisions. We characterize the information that can be shared between domains

Nut Taesombut; Andrew A. Chien

2007-01-01

254

New York State Forum for Information Resource Management: 1998-1999 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report of the New York State Forum for Information Resource Management begins with a section that summarizes key activities for 1998-99, including partnerships with other organizations, sessions on the use of information in government and information security, programs on the challenges of electronic commerce for government,…

New York State Forum for Information Resource Management.

255

Design and Evaluation of Schoolhealthlink, a Web-Based Health Information Resource  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SchoolhealthLink, a Web-based information service for Missouri school nurses, is a promising resource to reach school nurses isolated from traditional professional networks. It also may serve as an important adjunct to stay abreast of the latest health information. Using a strategy to identify the health information needs of school nurses and to…

Bachman, Jean A.; Brennan, Patricia Flatley; Patrick, Timothy B.

2003-01-01

256

Improving Informational Resources for Academic Deans and Chairpersons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature about the roles of college deans and department heads is reviewed, issues confronting these administrators are discussed, and their information needs are examined. A guide to the categories, types, and sources of useful information is provided. (MSE)

Creswell, John W.; England, Marijane E.

1994-01-01

257

Free patent information as a resource for policy analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patents are generally acknowledged as a rich yet little-used source of information. In recent years, several patent offices made some of their databases publicly available on the Internet. While most likely the promoters of free patent information on the Internet may have inventors as potential users in mind, free access to patents may also further the uptake of patent information

Martin Meyer; Jan Timm Utecht; Tatiana Goloubeva

2003-01-01

258

Resource-Bounded Searches in an Information Marketplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

information seekers a starting point for their searches. However, in many cases, manual browsing through even a limited portion of the rel-evant information is no longer effective. The problem originates not in the IR technologies, but rather in the volumes of information available via the Web and the generality of the term-frequency approach to searches. For any given query, there

Victor R. Lesser; Bryan Horling; Anita Raja; Xiaoqin Zhang; Thomas Wagner

2000-01-01

259

Putting Information on the Corporate Agenda as a Key Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help understand the trends, strategies, structure, and new skills that will be required by the information professional in this changing global environment, this paper examines the future of the library and information profession and the impact that information technology is having on the discipline. The paper focuses on the online delivery of…

Piggott, Sylvia E. A.

260

International Directory of Population Information and Library Resources, First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory is a project of the Carolina Population Center, Technical Information Service, in conjunction with the United States Agency for International Development. Information for this compilation, the first in a series of publications, was obtained from a survey of international population/family planning libraries and information

Fogle, Catherine, Ed.; And Others

261

Evaluation of a system for providing information resources to nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe a study to plan and implement an information system for nurses. The objectives were to (1) determine the clinical information needs of nurses; (2) adapt an existing clinical information system (CLINT) to address their expressed needs; and (3) evaluate nurses’ use of and satisfaction with the enhanced system.Thirty-nine nurses on a medical teaching unit in a tertiary

J. A. Royle; J. Blythe; A. DiCenso; S. Boblin-Cummings; R. Deber; R. Hayward

2000-01-01

262

Putting Information on the Corporate Agenda as a Key Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help understand the trends, strategies, structure, and new skills that will be required by the information professional in this changing global environment, this paper examines the future of the library and information profession and the impact that information technology is having on the discipline. The paper focuses on the online delivery of…

Piggott, Sylvia E. A.

263

Technical Information Resources in the Air Pollution Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

In common with other technical fields and disciplines, the air pollution area has “information explosion” problems, compounded by the interdisciplinary nature of the field and the current increased emphasis on air pollution and its control. The development of technical information programs to meet these needs is traced, with emphasis on the Air Pollution Technical Infor-mation Center established by the National

Victor C. Searle

1969-01-01

264

Project LIS: A Web-based Resource of IOLS Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Project LIS (library information systems), a student-originated and student-developed metasite of URLs that points to information about integrated online library systems (IOLS) vendors, electronic journal titles and specific e-journal articles addressing IOLS topics of interest, and general information sources that might be accessed by…

Kochtanek, Thomas R.; Hein, Karen K.

2000-01-01

265

When is ERIC Useful? A Background and Current Overview of the Education Resources Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) underwent substantial change during the 2004 contract cycle. Since it began in 1966, it has always been a highly respected and heavily used bibliographic resource, but some users are unaware of its current status due to the recent changes in its format and availability. This update highlights major developments and assesses the resulting ERIC

Kate Corby

2009-01-01

266

Information Resources in Clinical Medicine: Family Practice, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Surgery, Internal Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed for beginning health science librarians, this continuing education course syllabus presents a guide to information resources for answering physicians' questions about patient care. Sources from standard core lists, such as the Alfred Brandon list, are highlighted and described, along with additional titles. General resources covered…

Schwank, Jean; Allen, Joyce

267

Information Resources in Clinical Medicine: Family Practice, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Surgery, Internal Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for beginning health science librarians, this continuing education course syllabus presents a guide to information resources for answering physicians' questions about patient care. Sources from standard core lists, such as the Alfred Brandon list, are highlighted and described, along with additional titles. General resources covered…

Schwank, Jean; Allen, Joyce

268

Effects of information and motivational orientation on harvest of a declining renewable resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how individuals’ harvest behavior is affected by their motivational orientation and different types of information regarding a declining renewable resource. We considered individuals who are either “individualistic” or “cooperative” in orientation and hypothesized this orientation is an important and constant influence on harvesting behavior as a renewable resource declines. Further, we hypothesized that whether individuals have specific

David K. Loomis; Charles D. Samuelson; Jane A. Sell

1995-01-01

269

Econ Ed & the Fed: Resources and Information for Educators, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Fall 2001-Spring 2002 newsletter provides resources and information to educators, particularly economics, history, social studies, and business educators, throughout the western district of the Federal Reserve System. The goal of the newsletter is to highlight new Federal Reserve teaching materials and resources, including Web sites,…

Strahm, Sharon, Ed.

2001-01-01

270

Towards new information resources for public health - From WordNet to MedicalWordNet  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last two decades, WORDNET has evolved as the most comprehensive computational lexicon of general English. In this article, we discuss its potential for supporting the creation of an entirely new kind of information resource for public health, viz. MEDICALWORDNET. This resource is not to be conceived merely as a lexical extension of the original WORDNET to medical terminology;

Christiane Fellbaum; Udo Hahn; Barry Smith

2006-01-01

271

Council on Library and Information Resources Annual Report 1996-1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The merger of the Commission on Preservation and Access and the Council on Library Resources (CLR) became official on May 30, 1997 when the Board approved the new enterprise, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). The CLIR statement of mission calls on the organization to identify the critical issues that affect the welfare and…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

272

Problems in managing and planning of information resources persist at the Army Corps of Engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Weak planning and control have led to ineffective and inefficient management, acquisition, and use of information resources by the Army Corps of Engineers. These management problems have affected a major computer hardware replacement program, causing delays in obtaining needed computer resources. With an estimated life-cycle cost exceeding $1 billion over the next several years in this program, the Corps needs

Bowsher

1982-01-01

273

Econ Ed & the Fed: Resources and Information for Educators, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Fall 2001-Spring 2002 newsletter provides resources and information to educators, particularly economics, history, social studies, and business educators, throughout the western district of the Federal Reserve System. The goal of the newsletter is to highlight new Federal Reserve teaching materials and resources, including Web sites,…

Strahm, Sharon, Ed.

2001-01-01

274

Resource sharing in university libraries: A tool for information interchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experience developed in two university libraries, Advertising and Marketing School of Rio de Janeiro library and Medicine Faculty of Petrópolis library, members of CBIES\\/RJ-resource sharing consortia of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, with the aim of identifying benefits for both institutions through their participation in the consortia. The main results are as follows: scientific and technological knowledge sharing, cooperative acquisition

Volmer A. Geronimo; Cláudia Aragon

2005-01-01

275

Help Wanted: Job & Career Information Resources. RUSA Occasional Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book highlights techniques that can be implemented to build library collections on jobs and careers. The authors explore demographic and economic changes that influence the job market and the future of the workforce. They also examine how resources have shifted from books to collections incorporating Web pages, CD-ROMs, and audiovisual…

White, Gary W., Ed.

276

Help Wanted: Job & Career Information Resources. RUSA Occasional Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book highlights techniques that can be implemented to build library collections on jobs and careers. The authors explore demographic and economic changes that influence the job market and the future of the workforce. They also examine how resources have shifted from books to collections incorporating Web pages, CD-ROMs, and audiovisual…

White, Gary W., Ed.

277

A resource information description reference model for ITSGrid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because current ITS architecture do not answer some important problems in ITS such as how to achieve the greatest degree of various resources sharing among subsystems, how to manage dynamic business process, and how to cooperate ITS subsystems from different domains, etc. These issues could be addressed by building ITSGrid which is considered as an ideal solution for distributed heterogeneity

Lin Xu; Shiru Qu

2011-01-01

278

Content Integration: Creating a Scalable Common Platform for Information Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic, government, and corporate librarians organize and leverage internal resources and content through institutional repositories and library catalogs. Getting more value and usage from the content they license is a key goal. However, the ever-growing amount of content and shifting user demands for new materials or features has made the…

Berenstein, Max; Katz, Demian

2012-01-01

279

Continued support of the natural resources information system (NRIS) for the State of Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this research program was to continue developing, editing, maintaining, utilizing and making publicly available the Oil and Gas Well History file portion of the Natural Resources Information System (NRIS) for the State of Oklahoma. The NR...

C. J. Mankin T. P. Rizzuti

1994-01-01

280

Organizational Schemes of Information Resources in Top 50 Academic Business Library Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper analyzes the organizational schemes of information resources found in top 50 academic business library websites through content analysis and discusses the development and evaluation of the identified schemes.|

Kim, Soojung; DeCoster, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

281

Spectral unmixing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spectral unmixing using hyperspectral data represents a significant step in the evolution of remote decompositional analysis that began with multispectral sensing. It is a consequence of collecting data in greater and greater quantities and the desire to extract more detailed information about the material composition of surfaces. Linear mixing is the key assumption that has permitted well-known algorithms to be

N. Keshava; J. F. Mustard

2002-01-01

282

Tracking and monitoring the health workforce: a new human resources information system (HRIS) in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Health workforce planning is important in ensuring that the recruitment, training and deployment of health workers are conducted\\u000a in the most efficient way possible. However, in many developing countries, human resources for health data are limited, inconsistent,\\u000a out-dated, or unavailable. Consequently, policy-makers are unable to use reliable data to make informed decisions about the\\u000a health workforce. Computerized human resources information

Julie C Spero; Pamela A McQuide; Rita Matte

2011-01-01

283

Information for trained nurses in remote areas: do electronically networked resources provide an answer?  

PubMed

This paper reports on a research project which examined the potential of the Internet, and other networked information resources, to improve access to information for trained nurses working in remote areas. This paper provides a review of current literature in the field. It describes the research carried out, presents a summary of the research findings and discusses the implications of these findings. The paper concludes that the Internet and networked resources do have considerable potential to improve access to information for nurses working in remote and rural areas. However, information skills, along with professional guidance, are also required. PMID:10168972

Farmer, J; Richardson, A

1997-06-01

284

Pennsylvania StreamStats--A web-based application for obtaining water-resource-related information  

USGS Publications Warehouse

StreamStats is a national web-based Geographic Information System (GIS) application, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc., to provide a variety of water-resource-related information. Users can easily obtain descriptive information, basin characteristics, and streamflow statistics for USGS streamgages and ungaged stream locations throughout Pennsylvania. StreamStats also allows users to search upstream and (or) downstream from user-selected points to identify locations of and obtain information for water-resource-related activities, such as dams and streamgages.

Stuckey, Marla H.; Hoffman, Scott A.

2010-01-01

285

Risk Informed Resource Allocation at the Department of Homeland Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many of my comments are based directly on RAND Corporation research on the topics of estimating terrorism risk and allocating resources to manage these risks. Much of this work was made possible through RAND’s program of self-initiated research—funded through the independent research and development provisions of our Federally Funded Research and Development Centers—and through grants to RAND from the Department

Henry H. Willis

2007-01-01

286

Quality assurance in the EPO Patent Information Resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

In increasingly competitive global markets, access to consistent and dependable information on innovation is becoming more and more indispensable. This article describes the efforts performed at the EPO to create and maintain reliable master databases of prior-art information. Data standardisation and patent family rules applied at the EPO are described in detail and how master databases support the workflow of

Miguel A. Albrecht; Rex Bosma; Trudy van Dinter; Jean-Luc Ernst; Koen van Ginkel; Fenny Versloot-Spoelstra

2010-01-01

287

Information resources on chemistry and natural sciences in general  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Information about the former and current status of many scientific journals is summarized. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Newly-created journals (sometimes based on old ones), cessation of issues, journals incorporated into others, merged and split journals are mentioned. Information about a large number of scientific publishers (publishing houses, scientific institutions and organizations, educational institutions, societies, associations, federations, unions and companies) which

Alexei N. Pankratov

2005-01-01

288

Geographic Information Systems: A Kaleidoscope. Resources in Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are a combination of maps and databases that provides geographical information not otherwise possible. The result of combining street data and geographic data is a precision map showing exact street locations. GIS can be used by delivery people, emergency vehicles, and taxicabs. (JOW)|

Deal, Walter F.

1998-01-01

289

Internet Resources for Reference: General Business and Company Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a few of the thousands of Internet sites that are helpful in obtaining general business information and company-specific information, including company directories and homepages, telephone directories, Chambers of Commerce, marketing and advertising, agribusiness, government, cost of living, business schools, and nonprofit business.…

Mai, Brent Alan

1997-01-01

290

Managing Nicaraguan Water Resources Definition and Relative Importance of Information Needs  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of the results of the Vital the Nicaraguan Water Resources Management Initiative, Issues process as implemented for a collaborative effort between the Nicaraguan Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources and Sandia National Laboratories. This initiative is being developed to assist in the development of an efficient and sustainable water resources management system for Nicamgua. The Vital Issues process was used to provide information for developing a project that will develop and implement an advanced information system for managing Nicaragua's water resources. Three Vital Issues panel meetings were convened to 1) develop a mission statement and evaluation criteria for identifying and ranking the issues vital to water resources management in Nicaragua 2) define and rank the vital issues; and 3) identify a preliminary list of information needed to address the vital issues. The selection of panelists from the four basic institutional perspectives- government, industiy, academe, and citizens' groups (through nongovernmental organizations (NGOs))-ensured a high level of stakeholder representation on the panels. The already existing need for a water resource management information system has been magnified in the aftemnath of Hurricane Mitch. This information system would be beneficial for an early warning system in emergencies, and the modeling and simulation capabilities of the system would allow for advanced planning. Additionally, the outreach program will provide education to help Nicaraguan improve their water hygiene practices.

Engi, D.; Guillen, S.M.; Vammen, K.

1999-01-01

291

The intelligibility of noise-vocoded speech: spectral information available from across-channel comparison of amplitude envelopes.  

PubMed

Noise-vocoded (NV) speech is often regarded as conveying phonetic information primarily through temporal-envelope cues rather than spectral cues. However, listeners may infer the formant frequencies in the vocal-tract output-a key source of phonetic detail-from across-band differences in amplitude when speech is processed through a small number of channels. The potential utility of this spectral information was assessed for NV speech created by filtering sentences into six frequency bands, and using the amplitude envelope of each band (?30 Hz) to modulate a matched noise-band carrier (N). Bands were paired, corresponding to F1 (?N1 + N2), F2 (?N3 + N4) and the higher formants (F3' ? N5 + N6), such that the frequency contour of each formant was implied by variations in relative amplitude between bands within the corresponding pair. Three-formant analogues (F0 = 150 Hz) of the NV stimuli were synthesized using frame-by-frame reconstruction of the frequency and amplitude of each formant. These analogues were less intelligible than the NV stimuli or analogues created using contours extracted from spectrograms of the original sentences, but more intelligible than when the frequency contours were replaced with constant (mean) values. Across-band comparisons of amplitude envelopes in NV speech can provide phonetically important information about the frequency contours of the underlying formants. PMID:21068039

Roberts, Brian; Summers, Robert J; Bailey, Peter J

2010-11-10

292

The intelligibility of noise-vocoded speech: spectral information available from across-channel comparison of amplitude envelopes  

PubMed Central

Noise-vocoded (NV) speech is often regarded as conveying phonetic information primarily through temporal-envelope cues rather than spectral cues. However, listeners may infer the formant frequencies in the vocal-tract output—a key source of phonetic detail—from across-band differences in amplitude when speech is processed through a small number of channels. The potential utility of this spectral information was assessed for NV speech created by filtering sentences into six frequency bands, and using the amplitude envelope of each band (?30 Hz) to modulate a matched noise-band carrier (N). Bands were paired, corresponding to F1 (?N1 + N2), F2 (?N3 + N4) and the higher formants (F3? ? N5 + N6), such that the frequency contour of each formant was implied by variations in relative amplitude between bands within the corresponding pair. Three-formant analogues (F0 = 150 Hz) of the NV stimuli were synthesized using frame-by-frame reconstruction of the frequency and amplitude of each formant. These analogues were less intelligible than the NV stimuli or analogues created using contours extracted from spectrograms of the original sentences, but more intelligible than when the frequency contours were replaced with constant (mean) values. Across-band comparisons of amplitude envelopes in NV speech can provide phonetically important information about the frequency contours of the underlying formants.

Roberts, Brian; Summers, Robert J.; Bailey, Peter J.

2011-01-01

293

Information Resources: Knowledge and Power in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the mastery over the microscopic information processes embodied in devices such as integrated circuits and microcomputers and its effects on society and competition between the computer and telecommunications industries. (Author/SA)|

Oettinger, Anthony G.

1980-01-01

294

Preservation of and Permanent Access to Electronic Information Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rapid growth in the creation and dissemination of electronic information has emphasized the digital environment's speed and ease of dissemination with little regard for its long-term preservation and access. To some extent, electronic libraries, that ...

G. Hodge

2004-01-01

295

Web Information Resource Discovery: Past, Present, and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In a time span of twelve years, the World Wide Web–only a computer and an internet connection away from anybody anywhere,\\u000a and with abundant, diverse and sometimes incorrect, redundant, spam, and bad information–has become the major information\\u000a repository for the masses and the world. The web is becoming all things to all people, totally oblivious to nation\\/country\\/continent\\u000a boundaries, promising mostly

Gultekin Özsoyoglu; Abdullah Al-hamdani

2003-01-01

296

XML and Behavior Modeling-Based Information Sharing and Exchange Method in Human Resource Outsourcing Service Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Human Resource Outsourcing Service Industry, it is a common phenomenon that the information sharing and exchange lack uniform information exchange standards and information cannot be timely exchanged and shared. This paper proposes XML and behavior modeling-based information exchange and sharing method in human resources outsourcing services. This study uses Labeled Transition System to create behavioral model in human

Yu Gang; Du Juan; Xiong Jing

2011-01-01

297

U. S. Department of Education Information Resources Management (IRM) Strategic Plan, FY2010-2014. Version 1.5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Chief Information Officer (CIO) at the U.S. Department of Education (the Department) has primary responsibility to ensure that Information Technology (IT) is acquired and information resources are managed in a manner consistent with statutory, regulatory, and Departmental requirements and priorities. This Department Information Resources

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

298

Spectral and spread-spectral teleportation  

SciTech Connect

We report how quantum information encoded into the spectral degree of freedom of a single-photon state may be teleported using a finite spectrally entangled biphoton state. We further demonstrate how the bandwidth of the teleported wave form can be controllably and coherently dilated using a spread-spectral variant of teleportation. We calculate analytical expressions for the fidelities of spectral and spread-spectral teleportation when complex-valued Gaussian states are transferred using a proposed experimental approach. Finally, we discuss the utility of these techniques for integrating broad-bandwidth photonic qubits with narrow-bandwidth receivers in quantum communication systems.

Humble, Travis S. [Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, 37831-6015 (United States)

2010-06-15

299

The Medium and the Telephone: The Politics of Information Resources. Publication 76-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The web of relations among present and prospective changes in information systems provides a background against which public policy on information and telecommunication can be assessed. Telecommunication networks, broadcast regulation, and private line services all provide resources for news dissemination to the public. The costs, prices, and…

Berman, Paul J.; Oettinger, Anthony G.

300

Virtual HR: The Impact of Information Technology on the Human Resource Professional.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses from 357 complete pairs of human resources executives and professionals from the same company showed that information technology has increased autonomy, the responsiveness of their information dissemination, and networking with other professionals; they spend more time in technology support activities. Organizational climate moderated…

Gardner, Sharyn D.; Lepak, David P.; Bartol, Kathyrn M.

2003-01-01

301

Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources: A Report to the OCLC Membership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources" (2005) summarizes findings of an international study on information-seeking habits and preferences. With extensive input from hundreds of librarians and OCLC staff, the OCLC Market Research team developed a project and commissioned Harris Interactive Inc. to survey a representative sample of…

OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc., 2005

2005-01-01

302

Evaluation of an Information Resource for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to evaluate a newly created information resource book for parents of children newly diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder entitled Autism Spectrum Disorder: Information for Parents. A purposive sample of 13 participants (comprised of mothers of children with ASD and ASD service providers) participated in 1 of 3 focus groups. Focus group participants provided their feedback regarding the

Janice Mulligan; Lee Steel; Radha MacCulloch; David Nicholas

2010-01-01

303

A Resource Guide for Information/Library Education in Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated guide to resources on library and information science education in developing countries includes materials on library schools, training and education of library staff, and the progress of libraries in specific countries. Materials in the guide were selected from the indexes of Library Literature, Library and Information Science…

Zahari, Noor Liza Ahmad

304

Occupational Resources: Career Information. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education). [Grade 5].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to teach migrant students about the world of work and how academic subjects relate to jobs and careers, this illustrated CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education) Occupational Resources text provides career and job information and basic job market entry skills information for junior and senior high school students written at a…

Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

305

Occupational Resources: Career Information. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education). [Grade 3].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to teach migrant students about the world of work and how academic subjects relate to jobs and careers, this illustrated CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education) Occupational Resources text provides career and job information and basic job market entry skills information for junior and senior high school students written at a…

Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

306

Market-Based Information for Decision Support in Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common methods for obtaining and organizing information for evaluating human resource development (HRD) decisions, such as surveys, focus groups, Delphi processes, and discussion at business meetings, can be relatively costly, ad hoc, and difficult to apply. In this article, a review is presented of relatively inexpensive, continuous, and easy-to-apply innovations in information aggregation for examining futures of ideas that are

David L. Passmore; Evin D. Cebeci; Rose M. Baker

2005-01-01

307

Using action research to investigate the use of digital information resources in further education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the Third Annual Cycle of the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) User Behaviour Monitoring and Evaluation Framework, six small?scale action research interventions were undertaken in further education (FE) institutions. The aims of these interventions were two?fold: (i) to develop understanding of the facilitators and barriers to the use of digital information resources by students in FE; (ii) to test

Kathryn Ray; Debbie Proud; Linda Banwell; Siân Spink; Rhian Thomas; Christine Urquhart; Jennifer Rowley

2004-01-01

308

Education and Information for Practicing School Nurses: Which Technology-Supported Resources Meet Their Needs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School nurses care for children with a variety of health-related conditions and they need information about managing these conditions, which is accessible, current, and useful. The goal of this literature review was to gather and synthesize information on technology-supported resources and to determine which met the educational needs of school…

Anderson, Lori S.; Enge, Karmin J.

2012-01-01

309

Atmospheric Sciences Information Resources in the United States--An Overview for Librarians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an overview of the types of information and information sources available in the field of atmospheric sciences. Included are major library collections; organizations; government programs, including air pollution control regulations; electronic databases; and networking resources. Addresses are provided for all sources, and definitions of…

Layman, Mary; Smith, Shirley

1993-01-01

310

FY 1991--FY 1995 Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy has consolidated its plans for Information Systems, Computing Resources, and Telecommunications into a single document, the Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan. The consolidation was done as a joint effort by the Office of ADP Management and the Office of Computer Services and Telecommunications Management under the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Administration, Information, and Facilities Management. This Plan is the product of a long-range planning process used to project both future information technology requirements and the resources necessary to meet those requirements. It encompasses the plans of the various organizational components within the Department and its management and operating contractors over the next 5 fiscal years, 1991 through 1995.

Not Available

1989-12-01

311

MatWeb: The Online Materials Information Resource  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MatWeb, provided by Automation Creations, Inc., provides information on over 2,000 engineering materials, including polymers, aluminum and titanium alloys, steels, ceramics, and other metals. Information can be retrieved via three search mechanisms-property match, category/property match, and property group. Properties used for searches include electrical resistivity and a variety of hardness classifications. Searches can also be limited by specifying one of over 50 material categories. MatWeb also provides links to related sites and a chart for converting between metric and English units.

2007-07-07

312

TCIA: An information resource to enable open science.  

PubMed

Reusable, publicly available data is a pillar of open science. The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) is an open image archive service supporting cancer research. TCIA collects, de-identifies, curates and manages rich collections of oncology image data. Image data sets have been contributed by 28 institutions and additional image collections are underway. Since June of 2011, more than 2,000 users have registered to search and access data from this freely available resource. TCIA encourages and supports cancer-related open science communities by hosting and managing the image archive, providing project wiki space and searchable metadata repositories. The success of TCIA is measured by the number of active research projects it enables (>40) and the number of scientific publications and presentations that are produced using data from TCIA collections (39). PMID:24109929

Prior, Fred W; Clark, Ken; Commean, Paul; Freymann, John; Jaffe, Carl; Kirby, Justin; Moore, Stephen; Smith, Kirk; Tarbox, Lawrence; Vendt, Bruce; Marquez, Guillermo

2013-07-01

313

Networked information resources: electronic opportunities for users and librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many of the activities people perform with the Internet are new, and possibly could not have been conceived before the network became available. Describes innovative uses of the Internet by staff of two Australian universities. While the Internet provides opportunities for communication among its users, it poses challenges to the computing and information systems professionals who support them. It also

Jane E. Klobas

1996-01-01

314

School Media Centers as Instructional Resources. The Informed Educator Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the most effective schools, the potential for positive impact of the school library media center and the library media specialist is recognized, and teachers and media specialists work together routinely to support teaching and learning. This "Informed Educator" examines both the elements of an effective school library media center and the…

Molineaux, Rebecca

2007-01-01

315

Editorial: Resources for the computer security and information assurance curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This editorial introduces the articles in this companion issue to the first JERIC special issue on Computer Security and Information Assurance Curriculum. It includes an article that supports making computer security education more accessible through a portable network, and one on lessons learned in developing a workshop for educators. Other articles outline laboratory exercises especially suitable for distance or online

Deborah A. Frincke; S. Oudekirk; B. Popovsky

2006-01-01

316

Research on 3G Technologies-Based Agricultural Information Resource Integration and Service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the urgent demand of agricultural information for farmers and quick development of telecommunications industry in china, the convenience, quickness and validity of agricultural information service are becoming more important. Now, the problem of the digital divide between rural and urban areas comes from the shortage of effective information transmission means. But the agricultural information services limited by network bandwidth and geography will be changed completely with the mobile phone network coverage to rural areas, especially TD-SCDMA network into rural areas in china. The paper will introduce the development of the 3G technologies-based effect on the agriculture informationization, and discuss the problems of agricultural information resource integration and service adapted to 3G technologies in detail, based on which a 3G technologies-based agricultural information resource application mobile service hierarchy (3GAIMSH) is provided.

Xie, Nengfu; Wang, Wensheng

317

Mapping Tomorrow's Resources: A symposium on the uses of remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for natural resources management  

SciTech Connect

The College of Natural Resources recognizes the important role it has in educating natural resources managers and leaders who can provide the guidance and knowledge needed to increase the production of the earth's renewable resources while sustaining and enhancing the global environment and the natural resource base. The College's teaching, research, extension, and service efforts focus on the many aspects of sustained multiple-natural-resources management and their relationship to man. Through its many programs, the College of Natural Resources focuses on solving local, state, national, and global problems to enhance a more efficient and contemporary use of the world's natural resources. Natural Resources and Environmental Issues (NREI) which began publication in 1993, is a technical series that addresses current topics relevant to natural resources and to the environment. The journal is published as a series of volumes, with at least one being issued each year as the proceedings of the Natural Resources Week Symposium. In the issue on Mapping Tommorrow's Resources, the following topics are discussed: Natural Resource Information from Monopoly to Competition; Global Resources and Mission to Planet Earth; Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Systems and Data Management for Global Data Sets in Natural Resources; the Global Resource Information Database; Overview of GIS Technology in Utah State Government; Politically Correct Global Mapping and Monitoring; Integrating Satellite Imagery and GIS into Natural Resources Management; Forest Service Applications of Remote Sensing and the National Training Program; the Position of the Global Positioning System (GPS) in Wildlife and Habitat Mapping; and the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM's) Remote Sensing Program in Utah.

Falconer, A.

1993-01-01

318

Electronic human resource management and organizational innovation: the roles of information technology and virtual organizational structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the information age, firms increasingly incorporate information technologies (ITs) into human resource management (HRM) to cope with technological challenges. HR managers can achieve their goals with the analyzed information produced by IT. Besides, with the help of the evolving IT, HRM has entered into electronic-HRM (e-HRM) era with features of self-service and intranet based. Since e-HRM is gaining more

Liang-Hung Lin

2011-01-01

319

A resource limited artificial immune system algorithm for supervised classification of multi\\/hyper-spectral remote sensing imagery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resource limited artificial immune system (RLAIS), a new computational intelligence approach, is being increasingly recognized as one of the most competitive methods for data clustering and analysis. Nevertheless, owing to the inherent complexity of the conventional RLAIS algorithm, its application to multi\\/hyper?class remote sensing image classification has been considerably limited. This paper explores a novel artificial immune algorithm based

L. Zhang; Y. Zhong; B. Huang; P. Li

2007-01-01

320

Developing AJN Network: phase two. An information resource for nurses.  

PubMed Central

In September of 1993 the American Journal of Nursing Company was awarded a three-year Special Projects Grant from the Division of Nursing, Department of Health and Human Services to develop a national information service that would provide a variety of formal and informal continuing education services to nurses in medically underserved communities. AJN Network went "live" in March 1994 and our progress in our first year of operation was presented at SCAMC in 1994. During the first year of operation, AJN Network was available through a dial in service. In September 1994 we became an Internet node. This presentation will detail our progress in Year 2 of the grant period, describing expansion of user base and content, new content offerings, initial stages of WEB development and plans for future development.

Rizzolo, M. A.; DuBois, K.

1995-01-01

321

Information Resource: About Herbs, Botanicals, and Other Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site from the Integrative Medicine Service of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) provides oncologists and other healthcare professionals with objective information on medicinal herbs and other botanicals. Users may search for a particular plant name or browse the entire catalog by letter of the alphabet. Searches yield a clinical summary for each plant, a description of purported uses, information on adverse effects and drug interactions, and so on. The site also includes a News and Alerts section, a FAQs page (mostly about possible risks and complications), and evaluations of alternative or unproved cancer therapies. The general reader should also find this regularly updated Web site helpful, but MSKCC cautions against substituting the site "for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment of any health condition or problem."

2001-01-01

322

The educational resources information center (ERIC): A system faces its future  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 1987 study of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) proposed several key improvements to ERIC's acquisition,\\u000a synthesis, and dissemination activities, including a recommendation that ERIC products and services should be more widely\\u000a available to diverse audiences. Achieving significant improvements in ERIC hinges on three factors: receiving additional resources,\\u000a applying new technologies, and adapting systemwide management policies. Future system improvement

Robert M. Stonehill

1990-01-01

323

Information technologies as a basis for the modernization of Russian intellectual resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an attempt to validate the development of information technologies (IT) as a source for forming the core innovative\\u000a trend, i. e., creative power, and upgrading national intellectual resources. A particular attention is paid to the possibilities\\u000a of adopting IT in the national education system, distance learning, and accumulation of data resources. A number of measures\\u000a is offered

S. P. Petukhova

2011-01-01

324

Information Technology Resources and Customer-Service Process Coordination in Third-Party Logistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adopting the supply chain paradigm, we define customer service as a multifunctional sequence of process activities supported by an intricate tapestry of information technology (IT) and non-IT resources that enable the coordination and communication necessary to create value for the customer. The resource-based view (RBV) serves as our theoretical lens for assessing the strategic contributions of IT in the customer-service

Patrick I. Jeffers; Rhoda C. Joseph

2010-01-01

325

Alpha-Fair Resource Allocation under Incomplete Information and Presence of a Jammer  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present work we deal with the concept of alpha-fair resource allocation in the situation where the decision maker (in\\u000a our case, the base station) does not have complete information about the environment. Namely, we develop a concept of ?-fairness under uncertainty to allocate power resource in the presence of a jammer under two types of uncertainty: (a) the

Eitan Altman; Konstantin Avrachenkov; Andrey Garnaev

2009-01-01

326

Coalition-Based Resource Negotiation for Multimedia Applications in Informationally Decentralized Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing efficient and fair solutions for dividing the network resources in a distributed manner among self-interested multimedia users is recently becoming an important research topic because heterogeneous and high bandwidth multimedia applications (users), having different quality-of-service requirements, are sharing the same network. Suitable resource negotiation solutions need to explicitly consider the amount of information exchanged among the users and the

Mihaela van der Schaar

2009-01-01

327

Information Visualization Analysis of the Hot Research Topics and the Research Fronts of Information Resources Management (IRM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article choosing all the 3925 documents' citation as data sample of ¿ information resources management (IRM)¿, which was published in Web of Science (SCI-EXPANDED, SSCI, A&HCI) from 1986 to 2008, confirming the hot research topics and the research fronts by using word frequency analysis and detect key words that their term frequency changed notably, and drawing the knowledge mapping

Chen Lanjie

2009-01-01

328

Risk Information Management Resource (RIMR): modeling an approach to defending against military medical information assurance brain drain  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Military Medical Information Assurance organizations face off with modern pressures to downsize and outsource, they battle with losing knowledgeable people who leave and take with them what they know. This knowledge is increasingly being recognized as an important resource and organizations are now taking steps to manage it. In addition, as the pressures for globalization (Castells, 1998) increase, collaboration

Willie E. Wright

2003-01-01

329

Information systems for the materials management department: stand-alone and enterprise resource planning systems.  

PubMed

Materials management information systems (MMISs) incorporate information tools that hospitals can use to automate certain business processes, increase staff compliance with these processes, and identify opportunities for cost savings. Recently, there has been a push by hospital administration to purchase enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, information systems that promise to integrate many more facets of healthcare business. We offer this article to help materials managers, administrators, and others involved with information system selection understand the changes that have taken place in materials management information systems, decide whether they need a new system and, if so, whether a stand-alone MMIS or an ERP system will be the best choice. PMID:15887634

2005-03-01

330

Three-dimensional image of sugar content visualization in a melon by spectral information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to visualize sugar content of a melon, the relationship between sugar content and absorption spectra was investigated using a near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer. The absorbance at 676 nm, which is close to the chlorophyll absorption band, had a high inverse correlation with sugar content. A high-resolution cooled CCD imaging camera with the band-pass filter of 676 nm was used to capture the spectral absorption image. The calibration method for converting the absorbance on the image into Brix sugar content was developed in accordance with NIR techniques. Applying this method to each pixel of the absorption image, a color distribution map of the sugar content was constructed. In addition, a special slicing device that can cut a melon in each 5 mm thickness was developed in order to create a 3D image of sugar content distribution.

Sugiyama, Junichi; Ogawa, Yukiharu

2000-05-01

331

[The design and implementation of the web typical surface object spectral information system in arid areas based on .NET and SuperMap].  

PubMed

The characteristic of object spectrum is not only the base of the quantification analysis of remote sensing, but also the main content of the basic research of remote sensing. The typical surface object spectral database in arid areas oasis is of great significance for applied research on remote sensing in soil salinization. In the present paper, the authors took the Ugan-Kuqa River Delta Oasis as an example, unified .NET and the SuperMap platform with SQL Server database stored data, used the B/S pattern and the C# language to design and develop the typical surface object spectral information system, and established the typical surface object spectral database according to the characteristics of arid areas oasis. The system implemented the classified storage and the management of typical surface object spectral information and the related attribute data of the study areas; this system also implemented visualized two-way query between the maps and attribute data, the drawings of the surface object spectral response curves and the processing of the derivative spectral data and its drawings. In addition, the system initially possessed a simple spectral data mining and analysis capabilities, and this advantage provided an efficient, reliable and convenient data management and application platform for the Ugan-Kuqa River Delta Oasis's follow-up study in soil salinization. Finally, It's easy to maintain, convinient for secondary development and practically operating in good condition. PMID:21942043

Xia, Jun; Tashpolat, Tiyip; Zhang, Fei; Ji, Hong-jiang

2011-07-01

332

Continued support of the The Natural Resources Information System (NRIS) for the State of Oklahoma''  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research program is to continue developing, editing, maintaining, utilizing and making publicly available the Oil and Gas Well History file portion of the Natural Resources Information System (NRIS) for the State of Oklahoma. This grant funds that ongoing development work as a continuation of earlier grant numbers DE-FG19-88BC14233 and DE-FG22-89BC14483. The Oklahoma Geological Survey, working with Geological Information Systems at the University of Oklahoma Sarkeys Energy Center, has undertaken to construct this information system in response to the need for a computerized, centrally located library containing accurate, detailed information on the state's natural resources. Particular emphasis during this phase of NRIS development is being placed on computerizing information related to the energy needs of the nation, specifically oil and gas.

Mankin, C.J. (Oklahoma Geological Survey, Norman, OK (United States)); Rizzuti, T.P. (Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States))

1992-01-01

333

Measuring the effectiveness of a human resource information system in National Iranian Oil Company : An empirical assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of three specific variables, namely: system quality, information quality, and finally information use, on the effectiveness of a human resource information system (IS) in an Iranian oil company. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To investigate the effectiveness of a human resource IS, the paper analyzes the end-user satisfaction based on the

Reza Hosnavi; Majid Ramezan

2010-01-01

334

The Western New York Health Resources Project: developing access to local health information.  

PubMed Central

The Western New York Health Resources Project was created to fill a gap in online access to local health information resources describing the health of a defined geographic area. The project sought to identify and describe information scattered among many institutions, agencies, and individuals, and to create a database that would be widely accessible. The project proceeded in three phases with initial phases supported by grant funding. This paper describes the database development and selection of content, and concludes that a national online network of local health data representing the various geographic regions of the United States would contribute to the quality of health care in general.

Gray, S A; O'Shea, R; Petty, M E; Loonsk, J

1998-01-01

335

Bibliography of selected water-resources information for the Arkansas River basin in Colorado through 1985  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Arkansas River basin composes most of southeastern Colorado, and the numerous population centers and vast areas of agricultural development are located primarily in the semiarid part of the basin east of the Continental Divide. Because effective management and development of water resources in this semiarid area are essential to the viability of the basin, many hydrologic data- collection programs and investigations have been done. This report contains a bibliography of selected water-resources information about the basin, including regularly published information and special investigations, from Federal, State, and other organizations. To aid the reader, the infor- mation is indexed by author, subject, county, and hydrologic unit (drainage basin).

Kuzmiak, John M.; Strickland, Hyla H.

1994-01-01

336

Sustainable mobile information infrastructures in low resource settings.  

PubMed

Developing countries represent the fastest growing mobile markets in the world. For people with no computing access, a mobile will be their first computing device. Mobile technologies offer a significant potential to strengthen health systems in developing countries with respect to community based monitoring, reporting, feedback to service providers, and strengthening communication and coordination between different health functionaries, medical officers and the community. However, there are various challenges in realizing this potential including technological such as lack of power, social, institutional and use issues. In this paper a case study from India on mobile health implementation and use will be reported. An underlying principle guiding this paper is to see mobile technology not as a "stand alone device" but potentially an integral component of an integrated mobile supported health information infrastructure. PMID:20543378

Braa, Kristin; Purkayastha, Saptarshi

2010-01-01

337

AIRBORNE REMOTELY SENSED INFORMATION FOR PESTICIDAL TRANSGENIC CROPS: HOW SPECTRAL IMAGING MAY PLAY A ROLE  

EPA Science Inventory

The importance of sustainability to Bt crops. Resistance management as a sustainability strategy. The importance of data quality to sustainability and regulation of Bt Crops. Where information improvement can be useful across the globe....

338

Spectral luminescence and information characteristics of transparent lead fluoride nano-glass-ceramics doped with erbium ions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spectral luminescence properties of synthesized transparent nano-glass-ceramics doped with erbium ions are studied. It is shown that, as a result of the secondary heat treatment of nano-glass-ceramics, the width of the luminescence spectrum at half maximum increases more than by 15 nm. Luminescence life-time dependences of erbium ions in studied samples are measured, their absorption cross-sections are determined, and their emission cross-sections are calculated by the McCumber method. Spectral and ultimate information characteristics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers based on synthesized nano-glass-ceramics are numerically simulated. It is shown that, in the unsaturated gain regime, a substantial ripple of the absorption and emission cross-section spectra and shorter lifetime of the metastable level of the erbium ion reduce the pumping radiation power that is required for obtaining the given peak gain, narrow the gain spectra, and lower the transmission capacity of devices based on nano-glass-ceramics compared to the initial glass. Conversely, fiber amplifiers based on calcium fluoride glass-ceramics, for which the lifetime of the metastable level increases with increasing annealing temperature, have an advantage in the transmission capacity over devices based on the primary glass.

Aseev, V. A.; Varaksa, Yu. A.; Klement'eva, A. V.; Kolobkova, E. V.; Nikonorov, N. V.; Sinitsyn, G. V.; Khodasevich, M. A.

2010-05-01

339

Measures based on informational entropy applied to analysis of textural and spectral patterns of Brazilian Cerrado physiognomies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brazilian Cerrado is a biodiversity hotspot characterized by different physiognomies distributed along a vegetational gradient. Cerrado physiognomies are distinguished by their spatial patterns. The objective of this research has been to evaluate the complexity (in the sense of heterogeneity) of textural and spectral patterns of Cerrado phytophysiognomies with the purpose of verifying which properties related to organization and dynamics those patterns could show. For that, images from Aster multispectral sensor were used to study Cerrado areas in conservation reserves at State of São Paulo (southeastern Brazil). Two complexity measures based on informational entropy - H/Hmax and LMC measures - were applied to physiognomy images and to the corresponding spectral response curves. H/Hmax is a measure which considers that high complexity value means that the system has more disorder. It hence enables identifying if a system is close to order or to disorder. The LMC measure provides a different interpretation considering that the highest complexity is situated between order and disorder, that is, maximum entropy is found in a state of intermediary heterogeneity. This assumption could be mathematically represented by a convex function of entropy. Results pointed out that both measures were very efficient in assigning greater values of complexity to more heterogeneous physiognomies. There was also a strong tendency that each physiognomy presents the same values of complexity at different localities, attributing a typical range of values for each one, regardless of its location.

Leme de Matos, S. V.; Vicente, L. E.; Siqueira, J. R.; Filho, A. P.

2011-12-01

340

A survey of electronic drug information resources and identification of problems associated with the differing vocabularies used to key them.  

PubMed

Drug information resources are increasingly becoming electronically available. They differ in scope, granularity, and purpose. These considerations have shaped the selection of dissimilar drug name keys, complicating access. An abbreviated and simplified historical context of the development of official controlled vocabularies and their relationships is followed by a review of the kinds of information available in several electronic drug information resources. The key vocabularies used are discussed with examples. Problems using the differing terms of the resource vocabularies are identified. PMID:8130551

Gnassi, J A; Barnett, G O

1993-01-01

341

Integration of remote sensed data in geographic information systems for processing of global resource information  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a conference on the remote sensing of forests and other natural resources. Topics considered at the conference included a comparison of geohydrological data from prior Landsat analysis and SIR-A, the monitoring of forests, applications of remotely sensed data in the US Forest Service, the mapping of desertification hazards, and microprocessor-based resource analysis modules for development planning.

Not Available

1985-01-01

342

Sourcebook: gaining access to US government information on the environment and natural resources  

SciTech Connect

This publication is designed to acquaint the reader with the broad range of services and publications that are offered by the US government and that provide information about the environment and natural resources. These sources of information include referral services, public-information offices, computerized data banks, information-analysis centers, and publication-distribution systems as well as published sources like bibliographies, abstract and index journals, reports, handbooks, and atlases. The subject matter covered by this sourcebook includes air pollution, meteorology, water resources and quality, fisheries, aquaculture, marine science, solid and hazardous waste treatment, land use, soil science, population and demography, anthropology, architecture, geography, urban studies, health, biology, agriculture, forestry, habitat, wildlife, geology, minerals, and related sciences and technologies.

O'Hara, F.M. Jr.; O'Hara, L. (comps.)

1984-11-01

343

Resources  

Cancer.gov

The Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research (OCCPR) promotes the sharing and dissemination of laboratory tested technologies and reagents to benefit and promote research across the world.  To this regard, several key resources (i.e. data, software

344

A World Wide Web-based health resource. Survey of Missouri school nurses to determine priority health information resources for SchoolhealthLink.  

PubMed

Two hundred ninety-two school nurses in Missouri participated in a mailed survey to aid in the design of SchoolhealthLink, a World Wide Web (WWW)-based information service for Missouri school nurses and children. The nurses identified specific health information resources likely to benefit school nurses and school children and prioritized these resources. The school nurses assigned high priority to 11 types of health information resources: individualized health care plans, emergency care plans, communicable disease control plans, acute illness, injuries, communicable diseases, hotline numbers, medications in schools, immunization protocols and standards, community-based health care resources, and Department of Elementary and Secondary Education regulations that affect school nurse practice. The four most common health problems school nurses identified were asthma, attention deficit disorder, diabetes, and head lice. SchoolhealthLink will provide a one-stop WWW-based resource for school nurses and school children. PMID:11033674

Bachman, J A; Brennan, P F; Patrick, T B; Cole, M

2000-02-01

345

Application of Geographic Information Systems and Asset Mapping to Facilitate Identification of Colorectal Cancer Screening Resources  

PubMed Central

Objective We sought to identify and map the geographic distribution of available colorectal cancer screening resources; following identification of this priority within a needs assessment of a local community-academic collaborative to reduce cancer health disparities in medically underserved communities. Methods We used geographic information systems (GIS) and asset mapping tools to visually depict resources in the context of geography and a population of interest. We illustrate two examples, offer step-by-step directions for mapping, and discuss the challenges, lessons learned, and future directions for research and practice. Results Our positive asset driven, community-based approach illustrated the distribution of existing colonoscopy screening facilities and locations of populations and organizations who might use these resources. A need for additional affordable and accessible colonoscopy resources was identified. Conclusion These transdisciplinary community mapping efforts highlight the benefit of innovative community-academic partnerships for addressing cancer health disparities by bolstering infrastructure and community capacity-building for increased access to colonoscopies.

Gwede, Clement Kudzai; Ward, Beverly G; Luque, John S; Vadaparampil, Susan T; Rivers, Desiree; Martinez-Tyson, Dinorah; Noel-Thomas, Shalewa; Meade, Cathy D

2010-01-01

346

Application of Geographic Information Systems and Asset Mapping to Facilitate Identification of Colorectal Cancer Screening Resources  

PubMed Central

Objective We sought to identify and map the geographic distribution of available colorectal cancer screening resources; following identification of this priority within a needs assessment of a local community-academic collaborative to reduce cancer health disparities in medically underserved communities. Methods: We used geographic information systems (GIS) and asset mapping tools to visually depict resources in the context of geography and a population of interest. We illustrate two examples, offer step-by-step directions for mapping, and discuss the challenges, lessons learned, and future directions for research and practice. Results: Our positive asset driven, community-based approach illustrated the distribution of existing colonoscopy screening facilities and locations of populations and organizations who might use these resources. A need for additional affordable and accessible colonoscopy resources was identified. Conclusion: These transdisciplinary community mapping efforts highlight the benefit of innovative community-academic partnerships for addressing cancer health disparities by bolstering infrastructure and community capacity-building for increased access to colonoscopies.

Gwede, Clement Kudzai; Ward, Beverly G; Luque, John S; Vadaparampil, Susan T; Rivers, Desiree; Martinez-Tyson, Dinorah; Noel-Thomas, Shalewa; Meade, Cathy D

2010-01-01

347

Understanding the aerosol information content in multi-spectral reflectance measurements using a synergetic retrieval algorithm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An information content analysis for multi-wavelength SYNergetic AErosol Retrieval algorithm SYNAER was performed to quantify the number of independent pieces of information that can be retrieved. In particular, the capability of SYNAER to discern various aerosol types is assessed. This information content depends on the aerosol optical depth, the surface albedo spectrum and the observation geometry. The theoretical analysis is performed for a large number of scenarios with various geometries and surface albedo spectra for ocean, soil and vegetation. When the surface albedo spectrum and its accuracy is known under cloud-free conditions, reflectance measurements used in SYNAER is able to provide for 2-4° of freedom that can be attributed to retrieval parameters: aerosol optical depth, aerosol type and surface albedo. The focus of this work is placed on an information content analysis with emphasis to the aerosol type classification. This analysis is applied to synthetic reflectance measurements for 40 predefined aerosol mixtures of different basic components, given by sea salt, mineral dust, biomass burning and diesel aerosols, water soluble and water insoluble aerosols. The range of aerosol parameters considered through the 40 mixtures covers the natural variability of tropospheric aerosols. After the information content analysis performed in Holzer-Popp et al. (2008) there was a necessity to compare derived degrees of freedom with retrieved aerosol optical depth for different aerosol types, which is the main focus of this paper. The principle component analysis was used to determine the correspondence between degrees of freedom for signal in the retrieval and derived aerosol types. The main results of the analysis indicate correspondence between the major groups of the aerosol types, which are: water soluble aerosol, soot, mineral dust and sea salt and degrees of freedom in the algorithm and show the ability of the SYNAER to discern between this aerosol types. The results of the work will be further used for the development of the promising methodology of the construction error covariance matrices in the assimilation system.

Martynenko, D.; Holzer-Popp, T.; Elbern, H.; Schroedter-Homscheidt, M.

2010-11-01

348

Understanding the aerosol information content in multi-spectral reflectance measurements using a synergetic retrieval algorithm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The multi-wavelength SYNergetic AErosol Retrieval algorithm SYNAER (Holzer-Popp et al., 2002) is used to retrieve aerosol parameters from the Advanced Along Tracking Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) and the Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY). An information content analysis (Holzer-Popp et al., 2008) was performed to quantify the number of independent pieces of information can be retrieved from the combined reflectance measurements of aerosols by both instruments. In particular, the capability of SYNAER to discern various aerosol types is assessed. The focus of this work is further placed on an information content analysis with emphasis to the aerosol type classification. This analysis is applied to synthetic reflectance measurements for 40 predefined aerosol mixtures of different basic components, given by sea salt, mineral dust, biomass burning and diesel aerosols, water soluble and water insoluble aerosols. The range of aerosol parameters considered through the 40 mixtures covers the natural variability of tropospheric aerosols. In this work the capability of the multi-wavelength algorithm to discern aerosol types is investigated. After the information content analysis performed in Holzer-Popp et al. (2008) there was a necessity to compare derived degrees of freedom with retrieved aerosol optical depth for different aerosol types, which is the main focus of this paper. This information content depends on the aerosol optical depth, the surface albedo spectrum and the observation geometry. This theoretical analysis is performed for a large number of scenarios with various geometries and surface albedo spectra for ocean, soil and vegetation. When the surface albedo spectrum and its accuracy is known under cloud-free conditions, reflectance measurements used in SYNAER is able to provide for 2 to 4 degrees of freedom that can be attributed to retrieval parameters: aerosol optical depth, aerosol type and surface albedo.

Martynenko, D.; Holzer-Popp, T.; Elbern, H.; Schroedter-Homscheidt, M.

2010-06-01

349

Research and Design of Educational Resource Information Center for Investors Based on J2EE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the education for investors is becoming more and more important throughout nations, and China also wants to put it forward into the national educational system. With the development of IT, the original ways of education has changed greatly. This article presents a loose coupling and easily integrated way to build educational resource information center for investors (ERICI) against the

Kai Cao; Xiaoyun Zhu

2008-01-01

350

The Overlooked Factor: The Resource Issue as the Shaper of Library and Information School Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Survey of constraints upon capacity for curriculum enrichment in schools of library and information studies in England and Wales reveals a lack of financial support with resources fixed to "historic costs." Discussion includes the effect on curricula, who's to blame for funding inadequacies, and strategies to secure adequate future funds. (MBR)|

Davinson, Donald; Roberts, Norman

1985-01-01

351

Sustainable Competitive Advantage through Information Technology Competence: Resource-Based View on Small and Medium Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technology (ICT) has been the main focused of Malaysian government to strengthen the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the country. However, scholars in resource-based view acknowledge that sustainable competitive advantage can only be achieved through building a co-specialised ICT competence between the human factors and ICT facilities in the firm. In the context of SMEs, the

J. W. Ong; Hishamuddin Bin Ismail

352

A Personalised Information Support System for Searching Portals and E-Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of a personalised information support system to help faculty members to search various portals and e-resources without typing the search terms in different interfaces and to obtain results re-ordered without human intervention. Design/methodology/approach: After a careful survey of…

Sirisha, B. S.; Jeevan, V. K. J.; Raja Kumar, R. V.; Goswami, A.

2009-01-01

353

Information Resources on Online at the Reference Desk. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seventeen articles and reports published between 1982 and 1984 and cited in "Current Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online services at the reference desk. Topics include interpersonal relations as a necessary part of the information transfer process; role of the searcher versus that…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

354

Empirical research on information resources allocation's performance of Chinese government in crisis management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tries to evaluate information resources allocation's performance of Chinese government in crisis management from aspect of customer satisfaction index. At first, establishes the theoretical model and index based on the Chinese customer satisfaction index measurement model. Then, this paper calculates the satisfaction index by the questionnaire data about 5.12 earthquakes which have been answered by the civil servants,

Chunhua Niu

2010-01-01

355

A Framework of Outsourcing Decision-Making for Human Resource Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to develop a framework for interrelationships among human resources information systems (HRIS), outsourcing, and corporate culture. This research investigates impacts of outsourcing HRIS on corporate culture. In this paper, we hypothesize that outsourcing corporate HRIS is less appealing (1) if the quality of product and customer service matters for a firm, (2) if a firm is concerned

Chung-Shing Lee; C. Christopher Lee; He-Boong Kwon

356

The use of information technology in training human resources : An e-learning case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the influence of information technology in human resources management (HRM) and specifically on training policy through the experience of a Spanish telecommunications firm, Telefonica. The characteristics of the training model designed by this firm to face new environments is considered and the technologies used, the key actions, the disadvantages and success factors are detected in trying to

José L. Gascó; Juan Llopis; M. Reyes González

2004-01-01

357

Continued support of the natural resources information system (NRIS) for the State of Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this research program was to continue developing, editing, maintaining, utilizing and making publicly available the Oil and Gas Well History file portion of the Natural Resources Information System (NRIS) for the State of Oklahoma. The NRIS Well History file contains historical and recent completion records for oil and gas wells reported to the Oklahoma Corporation Commission on

C. J. Mankin; T. P. Rizzuti

1994-01-01

358

Geospatial analysis of soil information for Flat Creek Watershed resource assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performing a geospatial analysis of soil information for a watershed resource assessment requires an integration of various software and geospatial data elements from numerous sources. ESRI's ArcView 3.x GIS software and specialized extensions were used to delineate the watershed boundary of the selected project for Flat Creek Watershed in Amelia County, Virginia. Since this study was performed with availing assistance

Alicia Merritt; Belinda Barnard; Shobha Sriharan

2004-01-01

359

Supporting Learning and Information Sharing in Natural Resource Management with Technologies for Electronic Documents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community participation is central to achieving sustainable natural resource management. A prerequisite to informed participation is that community and stakeholder groups have access to different knowledge sources, are more closely attuned to the different issues and viewpoints, and are sufficiently equipped to understand and maybe resolve complex…

Alem, Leila; McLean, Alistair

2005-01-01

360

Using the GRIN-Global System to Identify Useful Plant Genetic Resources & Information  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The GRIN-Global (GG) System has been developed to provide the world's crop genebanks and plant genetic resource (PGR) users with a powerful, flexible, easy-to-use PGR information management system. Developed jointly by the USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bioversity International and the Global C...

361

Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be…

Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

2010-01-01

362

Preservation and Conservation of Information Resources in the University of Zambia Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservation and conservation of library materials is an important aspect of library and information management. Their importance and necessity are more paramount in countries where resources are limited and libraries need to balance them with the needs of an ever increasing number of students hoping to use them. This article reports on the…

Kanyengo, Christine Wamunyima

2009-01-01

363

Spatial information for resource management in Asia: a review of institutional issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a number of Asian nations have acquired spatial information technology, limited use is made of this technology for promoting human welfare or resource management objectives. This technology is constrained not by technical but by social, economic and political issues. These include censorship, autonomy, rigid bureaucracies, sensitivity of land ownership data, shortage of appropriate training, cost and lack of public

Jefferson Metz Fox

1991-01-01

364

Using Information Resources. Tierra de Oportunidad Module 14. LAES: Latino Adult Education Services Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, which may be used as the basis for a workshop or as a special topic unit in adult basic education or English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses, addresses how to access and use information resources in order to function in the workplace and in daily living. Topics covered include the following: analyzing newspaper articles; preparing…

Kissam, Ed; Dorsey, Holda

365

SER-LARS, Volume 9. Resource Volume on Test Information. 1975-76 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ninth volume in the SER-LARS (Special Education Resources Location Analysis and Retrieval System) series, a diagnostic-prescriptive instructional data bank for teachers of the handicapped, presents information on tests used for measuring intelligence and mental maturity; general achievement/readiness; reading; mathematics;…

Montgomery County Intermediate Unit 23, Blue Bell, PA.

366

Forum Guide to the Privacy of Student Information: A Resource for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Forum Guide to the Privacy of Student Information: A Resource for Schools was written to help school and local education agency staff better understand and apply The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), a federal law that protects privacy interests of parents and students in student education records. The Forum has developed…

National Center for Education Statistics, 2006

2006-01-01

367

The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995: A Second Chance for Information Resources Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the origins of information resources management (IRM) in the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, the Act's implementation and its 1995 reauthorization of appropriations, and current challenges confronting IRM. Discusses linking IRM to program performance, clarifying roles to improve accountability, and the integration of access and…

Plocher, David

1996-01-01

368

Kalamazoo Area Resource Guide: Services, Support, and Information for Disorders of Speech, Language and Hearing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Directory of services for speech, language, and hearing in the Kalamazoo, Michigan, area. This resource guide is designed as a comprehensive reference tool and a source of general information regarding organizations or agencies which may be helpful for educational or referral purposes. The initial section of the guide lists services and support systems that encompass a broad range of general

Sarah J. DeWeese; Anne Marie VanSlambrouck

2000-01-01

369

Editorial: Special issue on resources for the computer security and information assurance curriculum: Issue 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This editorial introduces a set of articles in the JERIC special issue on resources for the computer security and information assurance curriculum. It begins with a discussion of why such a special edition is needed and continues by outlining the articles in this volume, as follows: an innovative model for security education based on teaching hospitals; teaching context in computer

Deborah A. Frincke; S. Oudekirk; Barbara Popovsky

2006-01-01

370

Firms' human resource in information system and sustainable performance: does their organizational identity matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that firms' human resource management (HRM) in information technology (IT) may have a positive effective effect on their strategies of sustainable development. Based on the perspective of organizational identity orientation, we argue that firms' collectivistic orientation may moderate the relationship between the HRM and the implementation of the strategy. Focusing on firm performance in environmental protection, we test

Ji Li; Guiyao Tang; Yang Chen

2012-01-01

371

National Information Clearinghouse on Children Who Are Deaf-Blind (DB-LINK). National Resource Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide, consisting of pages downloaded from the DB-LINK Web site, is designed to assist parents, professionals, and others in identifying services that hold the potential for supporting and improving the lives of children and youth who experience combined vision and hearing loss. Information is provided on: (1) the American…

National Information Clearinghouse on Children Who Are Deaf-Blind, Monmouth, OR.

372

National Information Clearinghouse on Children Who Are Deaf-Blind (DB-LINK). National Resource Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource guide, consisting of pages downloaded from the DB-LINK Web site, is designed to assist parents, professionals, and others in identifying services that hold the potential for supporting and improving the lives of children and youth who experience combined vision and hearing loss. Information is provided on: (1) the American…

National Information Clearinghouse on Children Who Are Deaf-Blind, Monmouth, OR.

373

Use of Climate Information in Water Resource Planning: The Case of the Yakima Basin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report investigates the use of long-term climate information in water resource planning and design. The history and problems of the Yakima River Basin in Washington state and an actual U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Bureau) water study development effor...

D. W. Ely

1984-01-01

374

The Citation of United Nations Information Resources in International Relations Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines 17,138 citations in 358 journal articles published in the United States in the field of international relations (IR). The United Nations accounts for 282 (32.2%) of the 877 references to information resources of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), and its publications were cited more than twice as often as those of both the European Union (EU) or World Bank.

David N. Griffiths

2008-01-01

375

Natural Resource Information System. Volume II. System Operating Procedures and Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a total computer software system description for the prototype Natural Resource Information System designed to store, process, and display data of maximum usefulness to land management decision making. Program modules are described, as are the computer file design, file updating methods, digitizing process, and paper tape…

Boeing Computer Services, Inc., Seattle, WA.

376

The Use of Information Technology in Training Human Resources: An E-Learning Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses the influence of information technology in human resources management (HRM) and specifically on training policy through the experience of a Spanish telecommunications firm, "Telefonica". The characteristics of the training model designed by this firm to face new environments is considered and the technologies used, the key…

Gasco, Jose L.; Llopis, Juan; Gonzalez, M. Reyes

2004-01-01

377

Planning Manual for Energy Resource Development on Indian Lands. Volume V. Energy Information and Clearinghouse Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objective of Volume V is to provide a program plan and cost estimate for establishing an Indian Energy Clearinghouse (IEC) for the exchange of information relating to resource development. The initial recommendation is that the IEC also be ope...

1978-01-01

378

Natural Resource Information System. Volume II. System Operating Procedures and Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides a total computer software system description for the prototype Natural Resource Information System designed to store, process, and display data of maximum usefulness to land management decision making. Program modules are described, as are the computer file design, file updating methods, digitizing process, and paper tape…

Boeing Computer Services, Inc., Seattle, WA.

379

Status of Mineral Resource Information for the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation, Montana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report was prepared for the U. S. Bureau of Indian Affairs by the U. S. Geological Survey and the U. S. Bureau of Mines under an agreement to compile and summarize available information on the geology, mineral and energy resources, and potential for ...

F. S. Fisher G. McIntyre M. Sokaski R. N. Roby

1976-01-01

380

Spectral Efficiency Enhancement in the Multi-user MIMO Downlink With Partial Feedback Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) downlink, co-channel interference (CCI) is the dominating impairment of the system performance. When channel state information (CSI) is completely available to the transmitter, a precoder rightly chosen based on the current CSI can effectively suppress CCI, and thus leads to simpler receiver structure. However, design of precoder based on only partial CSI is still

Erlin Zeng; Shihua Zhu; Xuewen Liao

2006-01-01

381

Elements of Information Resources Policy: Library and Other Information Services. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study on information technology and public policy examined relationships among information providers and their clients in order to determine the economic, institutional, and technological factors that are key in deciding how people get the information they need. The research project was conducted to help the National Commission on Libraries and…

Oettinger, Anthony G.

382

Restoration Program Work Plan Project. Internet Homepage and Interactive Data Selection for the Klamath Resources Information System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In cooperation with the Klamath Resource Information System (KRIS), the Information Center for the Environment (ICE) at U.C. Davis developed and currently provides advanced Internet services for KRIS on its existing, highly visible and well-respected Worl...

J. F. Quinn M. McCoy

1998-01-01

383

Managing Senegalese water resources: Definition and relative importance of information needs  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of the results of the Vital Issues process as implemented for the Senegal Water Resources Management Initiative, a collaborative effort between the Senegalese Ministry of Water Resources and Sandia National Laboratories. This Initiative is being developed to assist in the development of an efficient and sustainable water resources management system for Senegal. The Vital Issues process was used to provide information for the development of a proposal that will recommend actions to address the key management issues and establish a state-of-the-art decision support system (DSS) for managing Senegal`s water resources. Three Vital Issues panel meetings were convened to (1) develop a goal statement and criteria for identifying and ranking the issues vital to water resources management in Senegal; (2) define and rank the issues, and (3) identify and prioritize a preliminary list of information needed to address the vital issues. The selection of panelists from the four basic institutional perspectives (government, industry, academe, and citizens` interest groups) ensured a high level of stakeholder representation on the panels.

Engi, D.

1998-09-01

384

Overcoming Terminology Barrier Using Web Resources for Cross-Language Medical Information Retrieval  

PubMed Central

A number of authoritative medical websites, such as PubMed and MedlinePlus, provide consumers with the most up-to-date health information. However, non-English speakers often encounter not only language barriers (from other languages to English) but also terminology barriers (from laypersons’ terms to professional medical terms) when retrieving information from these websites. Our previous work addresses language barriers by developing a multilingual medical thesaurus, Chinese-English MeSH, while this study presents an approach to overcome terminology barriers based on Web resources. Two techniques were utilized in our approach: monolingual concept mapping using approximate string matching and crosslingual concept mapping using Web resources. The evaluation shows that our approach can significantly improve the performance on MeSH concept mapping and cross-language medical information retrieval.

Lu, Wen-Hsiang; Lin, Ray Shih-Jui; Chan, Yi-Che; Chen, Kuan-Hsi

2006-01-01

385

General spectral utility metric for spectral imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Published approaches to assessing and predicting spectral image utility are generally based on regression methods which fit coefficients to an equation with terms representing spatial scale, spectral fidelity, and signal-to-noise. Such approaches are patterned after the National Imagery Interpretability Rating Scale General Image Quality Equation (NIIRS GIQE) designed for use with remotely-sensed panchromatic imagery. Preliminary testing of these approaches suggests that they will work for some subsets of spectral imagery applications but are not generally applicable to all spectral imaging problems. We present here an approach that gets at the heart of the general problem-assessing the confidence of an image analyst in performing a specified task with a specific spectral image. While applicable in other areas such as health imaging, our approach to spectral utility assessment is presented in this paper from a remote sensing point of view. Our approach allows trade-offs in tasking and system design across the "spectrum" of imagers including panchromatic, multispectral, hyperspectral, and even ultraspectral. Our approach is based on a fusion concept called "semantic transformation." We assume that spectral and spatial information are largely separable with both contributing to the overall utility of the image. The "semantic transformation" combines the spatial and spectral information in a common term (in our case confidence) to give an overall confidence in performing the specified task. Addressing the spatial and spectral information separately allows us the freedom to assess the information contained in each in ways that the information is actually assimilated (i.e., usually spatial information in exploited visually while spectral information consisting of more than three or four bands is usually exploited by computer algorithms). For the spectral information, we can use either generic exploitation algorithms or the specific algorithms that the image analyst would be expected to use. Testing of our approach was done with a parametric set of simulated imagery where Ground Sampled Distance (GSD) and the number of spectral bands were varied. Our initial test led to some refinements of our approach, which are discussed.

Simmons, Rulon E.; Elder, Timothy D.; Stewart, David J.; Cincotta, Eric J.; Kennedy, Carolyn S.; Van Nostrand, R. Craig

2005-06-01

386

Indian aspects of drug information resources and impact of drug information centre on community.  

PubMed

Drug information centre refer to facility specially set aside for, and specializing in the provision of drug information and related issues. The purpose of drug information center is to provide authentic individualized, accurate, relevant and unbiased drug information to the consumers and healthcare professionals regarding medication related inquiries to the nation for health care and drug safety aspects by answering their call regarding the all critical problems on drug information, their uses and their side effects. Apart from that the center also provides in-depth, impartial source of crucial drug information to meet the needs of the practicing physicians, pharmacists and other health care professionals to safeguard the health, financial and legal interests of the patient and to broaden the pharmacist role visible in the society and community. The service should include collecting, reviewing, evaluating, indexing and distributing information on drugs to health workers. Drug and poisons information centers are best established within major teaching hospitals. This allows access to clinical experience, libraries, research facilities and educational activities. Information present in the current paper will not only enlighten the role of drug information center but also focused on the rational use of drug. PMID:23833748

Chauhan, Nitesh; Moin, Sabeeya; Pandey, Anushree; Mittal, Ashu; Bajaj, Umakant

2013-04-01

387

Use of Online Information Resources by RMIT University Economics, Finance, and Marketing Students Participating in a Cooperative Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the use of online information resources by Economics, Finance, and Marketing 3rd year students in a cooperative education program and explores some possible factors and issues that influence how students use these resources. The nature of Work Integrated Learning (WIL) programs, the business information environment, and the…

Costa, Cathy

2009-01-01

388

Use of Online Information Resources by RMIT University Economics, Finance, and Marketing Students Participating in a Cooperative Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of online information resources by Economics, Finance, and Marketing 3rd year students in a cooperative education program and explores some possible factors and issues that influence how students use these resources. The nature of Work Integrated Learning (WIL) programs, the business information environment, and the…

Costa, Cathy

2009-01-01

389

Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The resources listed different types of materials related to the aerospace science under specified categories: free materials and inexpensive, selected government publication, audiovisual (government, nongovernment), aviation books, and space books. The list includes the publisher's name and the price for each publication. (SK)|

Aviation/Space, 1980

1980-01-01

390

OncoLink: a multimedia oncology information resource on the Internet.  

PubMed Central

This paper describes OncoLink, the first multimedia World-Wide-Web (WWW) and gopher server focusing on cancer information for both the health care professional and the patient. OncoLink provides an internetworked hypertext and multimedia resource linking people, computers and information together in an easy to use fashion. Our objective in developing OncoLink is to provide comprehensive and timely information about many aspects of oncology for both patients and healthcare providers. Specifically, OncoLink's purposes are: (1) the rapid dissemination of information relevant to treatment of cancer and concomitant problems; (2) education of health care personnel (at all levels) in the field; (3) education of patients and families of patients who have cancer; (4) posting of clinical trials and eligibility criteria; (5) the rapid collection and dissemination of quality, peer-reviewed information pertinent to oncology in general and specific subspecialties; (6) provide a well-organized, frequently updated hypertext system to access other quality cancer information resources on the Internet. OncoLink attempts to provide one-stop shopping for the patient, healthcare provider, researcher or Internet browser searching for cancer-related information. Since its inception on March 7, 1994, OncoLink has averaged more than 36,000 accesses per month from around the world. While also accessible by text-based gopher servers, preliminary observations infer increased use of multimedia and hypertext documents over traditional text-only resources. From the large following of users, it is clear that electronic dissemination of high quality, peer-reviewed cancer information is very popular. We conclude OncoLink is both useful and has wide interest in the international community.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Buhle, E. L.; Goldwein, J. W.; Benjamin, I.

1994-01-01

391

Associations of gender and age groups on the knowledge and use of drug information resources by American pharmacists  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore knowledge and use of drug information resources by pharmacists and identify patterns influenced by gender and age-group classification. Methods A survey questionnaire was mailed nationwide to 1,000 practitioners working in community (n = 500) and hospital (n = 500) settings who answer drug information questions as part of their expected job responsibilities. Responses pertaining to drug information resource use and knowledge of different types of drug-related queries, resource media preferences, and perceived adequacy of resources maintained in the pharmacy were analyzed by gender and age group. The t statistic was used to test for significant differences of means and percentages between genders and between age groups. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize other findings. Results Gender and age group classification influenced patterns of knowledge and use of drug information resources by pharmacists. They also affected pharmacists’ perceptions of the most common types of questions prompting them to consult a drug information reference, as well as the resources consulted. Micromedex, exclusively available in electronic format, was the most commonly consulted resource overall by pharmacists. Lexi-Comp Online was the leading choice by women, preferred over Micromedex, but was not one of the top two resources selected by men. Conclusions This study successfully identified the influence of gender and age-group classification in assessing drug information resource knowledge and use of general and specific types of drug-related queries.

Carvajal, Manuel J.; Clauson, Kevin A.; Gershman, Jennifer; Polen, Hyla H.

392

Patent information services on the Internet: threat or valuable resource for information centres? The Italian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Value added services: The threat of the Internet – Will patent databases on the Internet make Info Centres superflous by providing a direst contact between users and basic free information. The potential advantages of the Internet-Basic free information on the Internet as a first step to attract customers towards more advanced searches made available by e-mail. Collecting patent, technical and

Giampiero Canali

2000-01-01

393

Transformation of Information Technology into Information Resources in the 21st Century in the GCC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information for development has become one of the most pressing issues of the last decade, which Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have to tackle on an urgent basis. The need and urgency for planning national information systems has been clearly pointed out in several international conferences. Major research and development centers of…

Kader, Abdullah

394

Searching the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) resources for information on mouse biology from genotype to phenotype.  

PubMed

The Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) resource provides the research community with access to information on the genetics, genomics, and biology of the laboratory mouse. Core data in MGI include gene characterization and function, phenotype and disease model descriptions, DNA and protein sequence data, gene expression data, mammalian orthologies, SNPs and PCR polymorphisms, mapping data, and links to other bioinformatics databases. Data integration is supported through the use of standardized nomenclature, and through the use of controlled vocabularies such as the mouse Anatomical Dictionary, the Mammalian Phenotype Ontology, and the Gene Ontologies. MGI extracts and organizes data from primary literature. MGI data are shared with and widely displayed from other bioinformatics resources. The database is updated nightly with curated annotations, and regularly adds new datasets. This unit provides a guide to using the MGI bioinformatics resource. PMID:19274630

Shaw, David R

2009-03-01

395

BGI-RIS: an integrated information resource and comparative analysis workbench for rice genomics.  

PubMed

Rice is a major food staple for the world's population and serves as a model species in cereal genome research. The Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI) has long been devoting itself to sequencing, information analysis and biological research of the rice and other crop genomes. In order to facilitate the application of the rice genomic information and to provide a foundation for functional and evolutionary studies of other important cereal crops, we implemented our Rice Information System (BGI-RIS), the most up-to-date integrated information resource as well as a workbench for comparative genomic analysis. In addition to comprehensive data from Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica sequenced by BGI, BGI-RIS also hosts carefully curated genome information from Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica and EST sequences available from other cereal crops. In this resource, sequence contigs of indica (93-11) have been further assembled into Mbp-sized scaffolds and anchored onto the rice chromosomes referenced to physical/genetic markers, cDNAs and BAC-end sequences. We have annotated the rice genomes for gene content, repetitive elements, gene duplications (tandem and segmental) and single nucleotide polymorphisms between rice subspecies. Designed as a basic platform, BGI-RIS presents the sequenced genomes and related information in systematic and graphical ways for the convenience of in-depth comparative studies (http://rise.genomics.org.cn/). PMID:14681438

Zhao, Wenming; Wang, Jing; He, Ximiao; Huang, Xiaobing; Jiao, Yongzhi; Dai, Mingtao; Wei, Shulin; Fu, Jian; Chen, Ye; Ren, Xiaoyu; Zhang, Yong; Ni, Peixiang; Zhang, Jianguo; Li, Songgang; Wang, Jian; Wong, Gane Ka-Shu; Zhao, Hongyu; Yu, Jun; Yang, Huanming; Wang, Jun

2004-01-01

396

Integration of multi-temporal spectral and structural information to map wetland vegetation in a brackish Connecticut marsh  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study utilizes multitemporal QuickBird and single date LiDar canopy height data to classify the common plant communities of a tidal marsh at the mouth of the Connecticut River. A specific goal was to map the expanding distribution of non-native Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin ex Steud (common reed), which has been outcompeting native species, particularly in disturbed marshes. P. australis spreads vigorously, forming dense monocultures that result in reduced biodiversity of plant, avian and macroinvertebrate species. We collected visible to near-infrared (VNIR) reflectance spectra of the dominant plant species S. patens (salt meadow grass), Typha spp. (cattail), and P. australis over two growing seasons to develop metrics that maximize phenological spectral and canopy height variability to distinguish these plants within a complex marsh community containing >100 plant species. Relative to other species, P. australis is best distinguished by its high NIR response and height late in the growing season. Typha spp. was well distinguished from other species by its high red/green ratio and S. patens by a unique green/blue ratio and low heights throughout the growing season. The field spectra and LiDar-derived heights were used to guide an object-oriented classification methodology using multitemporal QuickBird data collected over the same time interval as the field spectra. The classification was validated using a field inventory of marsh vegetation. Overall maximum fuzzy accuracy for the classification was 97% for Phragmites, 63% for Typha spp. and 80% for S. patens meadows; this improved to 97%, 76%, and 92%, respectively, using a fuzzy acceptable match measure. Image acquisition timing was critical for the identification of targeted plant species in this heterogeneous marsh. These datasets and protocols may provide coastal resource managers, municipal officials and researchers a set of recommended guidelines for remote sensing data collection for marsh inventory and monitoring.

Gilmore, M. S.; Wilson, E. H.; Barrett, N.; Civco, D. L.; Prisloe, S.; Hurd, J. D.; Chadwick, C.

2008-12-01

397

Federated Access to Heterogeneous Information Resources in the Neuroscience Information Framework (NIF)  

PubMed Central

The overarching goal of the NIF (Neuroscience Information Framework) project is to be a one-stop-shop for Neuroscience. This paper provides a technical overview of how the system is designed. The technical goal of the first version of the NIF system was to develop an information system that a neuroscientist can use to locate relevant information from a wide variety of information sources by simple keyword queries. Although the user would provide only keywords to retrieve information, the NIF system is designed to treat them as concepts whose meanings are interpreted by the system. Thus, a search for term should find a record containing synonyms of the term. The system is targeted to find information from web pages, publications, databases, web sites built upon databases, XML documents and any other modality in which such information may be published. We have designed a system to achieve this functionality. A central element in the system is an ontology called NIFSTD (for NIF Standard) constructed by amalgamating a number of known and newly developed ontologies. NIFSTD is used by our ontology management module, called OntoQuest to perform ontology-based search over data sources. The NIF architecture currently provides three different mechanisms for searching heterogeneous data sources including relational databases, web sites, XML documents and full text of publications. Version 1.0 of the NIF system is currently in beta test and may be accessed through http://nif.nih.gov.

Gupta, Amarnath; Bug, William; Marenco, Luis; Qian, Xufei; Condit, Christopher; Rangarajan, Arun; Muller, Hans Michael; Miller, Perry L.; Sanders, Brian; Grethe, Jeffrey S.; Astakhov, Vadim; Shepherd, Gordon; Sternberg, Paul W.; Martone, Maryann E.

2009-01-01

398

Industry sector analysis: The market for renewable energy resources (the Philippines). Export trade information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The market survey covers the renewable energy resources market in the Philippines. Sub-sectors covered include biomass, solar energy, photovoltaic cells, windmills, and mini-hydro systems. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Philippine consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key

E. Cannon; A. L. Miranda

1990-01-01

399

Language-Sites: Accessing and Presenting Language Resources via Geographic Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging area of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has proven to add an interesting dimension to many research projects. Within the language-sites initiative we have brought together a broad range of links to digital language corpora and resources. Via Google Earth's visually appealing 3D-interface users can spin the globe, zoom into an area they are interested in and access directly

Dieter Van Uytvanck; Alex Dukers; Jacquelijn Ringersma; Paul Trilsbeek

2008-01-01

400

Development of Data and Information Centre System to Improve Water Resources Management in Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most provinces in Indonesia will be facing water scarcity problems in the next decades due to increasing water demands resulting\\u000a from population growth, urbanization and economic and industrial developments. As a consequence, they will also be facing\\u000a a number of problems with regards water resource management, such as a lack of data and information needed to evaluate the\\u000a real status

Mohamad Ali Fulazzaky; Hilman Akil

2009-01-01

401

The Ohio Library and Information Network: Resource Sharing at Its Best  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes the development and implementation of the Ohio Library and Information Network (OhioLINK) shared catalog and patron-initiated online borrowing process. Procedures for providing materials to patrons along with OhioLINK's experience with missing and lost materials are detailed, including lessons learned regarding lost materials and billing. Details of the usage of OhioLINK services and the growth into electronic resources

Anita Cook; Dennis J. Smith

2011-01-01

402

Managing Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource describes the skills necessary for managing resources, including planning, project management, budget management, information management, change management, and organizational performance assessment.

ITU Leadership Development (George Mason University)

2012-01-20

403

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 6: Networking and Telecommunications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Six papers and two abstracts of papers are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on networking and telecommunications issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "Looking to the Year 2000: Alternatives in Campus Data Networking" (Noam H. Artz and Daniel A. Updegrove), which…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

404

Realizing the Potential of Information Resources: Information, Technology, and Services. Track 1: Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Eight papers are presented from the 1995 CAUSE conference track on strategic planning issues faced by managers of information technology at colleges and universities. The papers include: (1) "Can Small Colleges Afford To Be Technology Leaders? Can They Afford Not To Be? (Martin Ringle and David Smallen); (2) "Strategic Planning Across Multiple…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

405

Employing Resource Allocation Modeling to Inform HIV Prevention Planning for the State of Iowa.  

PubMed

In fiscal year (FY) 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reallocated their HIV prevention funding to U.S. states, territories, and some cities so as to be more highly correlated with 2008 HIV prevalence. A jurisdiction's HIV prevention funding could drop as low as $750,000 for FY 2016. Iowa was one state that experienced a substantial funding drop, and it chose to undertake a mathematical modeling exercise to inform the following questions: (a) Given current HIV prevention funding for the state, what is the optimal allocation of resources to maximize infections averted? (b) With this "optimal" resource allocation, how many (and what percentage of) HIV infections in the state can be averted? (c) Is the optimal resource allocation sufficient to achieve the National HIV/AIDS Strategy goal of 25% reduction in HIV incidence? and (d) With the "optimal" resource allocation, is the return on the investment such that it might be considered cost-effective? Here, we describe the results of the policy analysis, and the uses of the results. PMID:24059879

Holtgrave, David R; Young, Patricia A; Mayer, Randall R; Maulsby, Cathy; Kim, J Janet

2013-10-01

406

Application of Geographic Information Systems and Asset Mapping to Facilitate Identification of Colorectal Cancer Screening Resources.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify and map the geographic distribution of available colorectal cancer screening resources; following identification of this priority within a needs assessment of a local community-academic collaborative to reduce cancer health disparities in medically underserved communities. METHODS: We used geographic information systems (GIS) and asset mapping tools to visually depict resources in the context of geography and a population of interest. We illustrate two examples, offer step-by-step directions for mapping, and discuss the challenges, lessons learned, and future directions for research and practice. RESULTS: Our positive asset driven, community-based approach illustrated the distribution of existing colonoscopy screening facilities and locations of populations and organizations who might use these resources. A need for additional affordable and accessible colonoscopy resources was identified. CONCLUSION: These transdisciplinary community mapping efforts highlight the benefit of innovative community-academic partnerships for addressing cancer health disparities by bolstering infrastructure and community capacity-building for increased access to colonoscopies. PMID:20976019

Gwede, Clement Kudzai; Ward, Beverly G; Luque, John S; Vadaparampil, Susan T; Rivers, Desiree; Martinez-Tyson, Dinorah; Noel-Thomas, Shalewa; Meade, Cathy D

2010-01-01

407

Information Resources in High-Energy Physics: Surveying the Present Landscape and Charting the Future Course  

SciTech Connect

Access to previous results is of paramount importance in the scientific process. Recent progress in information management focuses on building e-infrastructures for the optimization of the research workflow, through both policy-driven and user-pulled dynamics. For decades, High-Energy Physics (HEP) has pioneered innovative solutions in the field of information management and dissemination. In light of a transforming information environment, it is important to assess the current usage of information resources by researchers and HEP provides a unique test-bed for this assessment. A survey of about 10% of practitioners in the field reveals usage trends and information needs. Community-based services, such as the pioneering arXiv and SPIRES systems, largely answer the need of the scientists, with a limited but increasing fraction of younger users relying on Google. Commercial services offered by publishers or database vendors are essentially unused in the field. The survey offers an insight into the most important features that users require to optimize their research workflow. These results inform the future evolution of information management in HEP and, as these researchers are traditionally 'early adopters' of innovation in scholarly communication, can inspire developments of disciplinary repositories serving other communities.

Gentil-Beccot, Anne; Mele, Salvatore; Holtkamp, Annette; O'Connell, Heath B.; Brooks, Travis C.

2008-04-22

408

The Road Ahead: Turning Human Resource Functions into Strategic Business Partners With Innovative Information Systems Management Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter explores the interplay of two mainstream research areas: human resource management and information system deployment,\\u000a both of which have relevant implications for organizations. As human resources management plays a critical role for an organization’s\\u000a success [1], challenges produced in the IS environment have significant impact for how human resources are managed. For many\\u000a years, most of the human

Ferdinando Pennarola; Leonardo Caporarello

409

Application of the Cobb-Douglas Model to the Use of Information Resources by Industry in Croatia, Yugoslavia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cobb-Douglas model applied to value added as a function of labor, capital, purchases of information services, and purchases of other input is used to investigate the use of information by the industrial sector of Croatia, Yugoslavia. It is concluded that less than an optimal amount of information resources is being used. (13 references)…

Svarc, J.; Svarc, A.

1989-01-01

410

Go For IT!: A Resource for Building America's Information Technology Work Force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Commerce, partly as a result of the response to its recently published America's New Deficit: The Shortage of Information Technology Workers (discussed in the October 17, 1997 Scout Report), has created this site to aid in building and maintaining an information technology workforce. The key to the site is an IT work force program database, which lists education, employment, and training programs. The database is searchable by type of program, geography, sponsorship agency, and keyword. For an overview of the over 170 programs in the database at present, simply click on the Search button without using any of the options. Each entry contains address and contact information for the IT program, a hyperlink when available, and a detailed description of the program. The site will act as a resource clearinghouse for educators, companies, organizations, and individuals. Go for IT! actively solicits new programs for the database.

1998-01-01

411

WomenWatch: UN Information and Resources on Gender Equality and Empowerment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The WomenWatch website is dedicated to providing "information and resources on gender equality and empowerment of women." It is an initiative of the United Nations Inter-Agency Network on Women and Gender Equality (IANWGE) and the site is a veritable cornucopia of information on this vast and timely subject. In the Quick Links and Features, visitors can view the UN Gender Equality News Feed, which is a great way to get a sense of the main issues affecting women around the world. Moving on, the Documents and Publications area contains seminal reports such as "Seeing Beyond the State: Grassroots Women's Perspectives on Corruption and Anti-Corruption." Also, the News and Highlights area contains links to partner organizations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. These links include radio clips, news releases, and other key pieces of information.

2013-02-28

412

Informal payments and intra-household allocation of resources for health care in Albania  

PubMed Central

Background Informal payments for health care services can impose financial hardship on households. Many studies have found that the position within the household can influence the decision on how much is spent on each household member. This study analyses the intra-household differences in spending on informal payments for health care services by comparing the resources allocated between household heads, spouses and children. Methods Pooled data from two cross sectional surveys, the Albanian Living Standard Measurement Survey 2002 and 2005, are used to analyse both the probability and the amount paid in inpatient and outpatient health care services. A generalised Hausman specification test is used to compare the coefficients of probit and OLS models for nuclear and extended households. Results We find that due to the widespread informal payments there are no significant differences between households in the incidence of informal payments for households' members, but there are more differences in the amount paid informally. Results suggest that households strategically allocate their resources on health care by favouring individuals with higher earning potential who have invested more in human capital. Extended households pay higher amounts for spouses with higher education compared to nuclear households. On the other hand, nuclear households choose to pay higher amounts for children with a higher level of education compared to extended households. Conclusions The differences between households should be taken into account by public policies which should compensate this by redistribution mechanisms targeting disadvantaged groups. Governments should implement effective measures to deal with informal patient payments. JEL Codes: I10, I19, D10

2012-01-01

413

Self-Change Toolbox: Tools, Tips, Websites, and Other Informational Resources for Assessing and Promoting Self-Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter is intended to provide tools, tips, and resource information (e.g., websites, manuals, other materials) to assess,\\u000a assist, and promote the self-change process. Included in this toolbox are brief assessment instruments, a listing of addictive\\u000a behavior websites categorized by country, and various resources that can be requested online.

Andrew Voluse; Joachim Körkel

414

Complementarities of human capital and information technology: small businesses, emerging economy context and the strategic role of firm resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

How information technology (IT) may complement other key firm resources such as human capital is a question that has drawn increasing attention from scholars and practitioners. Answers to this question are crucial for small businesses in today’s environment. These businesses face a growing demand for IT usage at the same time that they typically can count only on limited resources.

Ana Cristina O. Siqueira; Maria Tereza L. Fleury

2011-01-01

415

Mineral Resource Information System for Field Lab in the Osage Mineral Reservation Estate  

SciTech Connect

The Osage Mineral Reservation Estate is located in Osage County, Oklahoma. Minerals on the Estate are owned by members of the Osage Tribe who are shareholders in the Estate. The Estate is administered by the Osage Agency, Branch of Minerals, operated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Oil, natural gas, casinghead gas, and other minerals (sand, gravel, limestone, and dolomite) are exploited by lessors. Operators may obtain from the Branch of Minerals and the Osage Mineral Estate Tribal Council leases to explore and exploit oil, gas, oil and gas, and other minerals on the Estate. Operators pay a royalty on all minerals exploited and sold from the Estate. A mineral Resource Information system was developed for this project to evaluate the remaining hydrocarbon resources located on the Estate. Databases on Microsoft Excel spreadsheets of operators, leases, and production were designed for use in conjunction with an evaluation spreadsheet for estimating the remaining hydrocarbons on the Estate.

Carroll, H.B.; Johnson, William I.

1999-04-27

416

30 CFR 903.779 - Surface mining permit applications-Minimum requirements for information on environmental resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.779 Surface mining permit applicationsâMinimum requirements for information on environmental resources....

2013-07-01

417

An Evaluation of the Impact of Natural Resources Information on Land-Use Decision Makers. Appendices I-VII.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to evaluate the effectiveness of natural resource data products on the governmental decision-making process, Hartford, Connecticut and Syracuse, New York were studied to determine the most effective means for transmitting information from data pr...

J. F. Davis R. Fakundiny R. Monheimer E. Reilly C. A. Chazen

1979-01-01

418

Sources of geologic and hydrologic information pertinent to ground-water resources in Rhode Island  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report summarizes sources of geologic and hydrologic information useful to water managers and others involved in the investigation, appraisal, development, and protection of ground-water resources in Rhode Island. The geographic scope of the report includes Rhode Island and small adjoining areas of Massachusetts and Connecticut, where drainage basins are shared with these States. The information summarized is found in maps and reports prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey and published by either the U.S. Geological Survey or by the State of Rhode Island. Information sources are presented in maps and tables. Reference maps show drainage divides, town lines, and the 7.5-minute grid of latitude and longitude for the State. Maps show availability of surficial geologic maps, bedrock geologic maps, and ground-water studies by 7.5-minute quadrangle, and show availability of ground-water studies by drainage basin, subbasin, and special study area. Sources of geologic and hydrologic information for the thirty-seven 7.5-minute quadrangles covering Rhode Island have been compiled based on the following information categories: surficial geology, bedrock geology, subsurface materials, altitude of bedrock surface, water-table altitudes, water-table contours, saturated thickness, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity, drainage divides, recharge areas, ground-water reservoirs, induced infiltration, and ground-water quality. A table for each of the 37 quadrangles lists the major categories of information available for that quadrangle, provides references to the publications in which the information can be found, and indicates the format, scale, and other pertinent attributes of the information. A table organized by report series gives full citations for publications prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey pertaining to the geology and hydrology of Rhode Island. To facilitate location of information for particular municipalities, a table lists cities and towns in the State and the quadrangles that cover each municipality.

Trench, Elaine C.

1995-01-01

419

Canadian ENGOs in governance of water resources: information needs and monitoring practices.  

PubMed

Water quality monitoring involves a complex set of steps and a variety of approaches. Its goals include understanding of aquatic habitats, informing management and facilitating decision making, and educating citizens. Environmental nongovernmental organizations (ENGOs) are increasingly engaged in water quality monitoring and act as environmental watchdogs and stewards of water resources. These organizations exhibit different monitoring mandates. As government involvement in water quality monitoring continues to decline, it becomes essential that we understand their modi operandi. By doing so, we can enhance efficacy and encourage data sharing and communication. This research examined Canadian ENGOs that collect their own data on water quality with respect to water quality monitoring activities and information needs. This work had a twofold purpose: (1) to enhance knowledge about the Canadian ENGOs operating in the realm of water quality monitoring and (2) to guide and inform development of web-based geographic information systems (GIS) to support water quality monitoring, particularly using benthic macroinvertebrate protocols. A structured telephone survey was administered across 10 Canadian provinces to 21 ENGOs that undertake water quality monitoring. This generated information about barriers and challenges of data sharing, commonly collected metrics, human resources, and perceptions of volunteer-collected data. Results are presented on an aggregate level and among different groups of respondents. Use of geomatics technology was not consistent among respondents, and we found no noteworthy differences between organizations that did and did not use GIS tools. About one third of respondents did not employ computerized systems (including databases and spreadsheets) to support data management, analysis, and sharing. Despite their advantage as a holistic water quality indicator, benthic macroinvertebrates (BMIs) were not widely employed in stream monitoring. Although BMIs are particularly suitable for the purpose of citizen education, few organizations collected this metric, despite having public education and awareness as part of their mandate. PMID:23715734

Kebo, Sasha; Bunch, Martin J

2013-05-29

420

Information-based or resource-based systems may mediate Cycas-herbivore interactions.  

PubMed

Invasive arthropod herbivores comprise one of the greatest threats to cycad conservation both in situ and ex situ. We discuss two mechanisms, not necessarily mutually exclusive, that may underlie the disparity in Chilades pandava damage among Cycas species. In an information-based system, plant infochemicals may differentially influence oviposition behavior of Ch. pandava adults or host finding behavior of this butterfly's natural enemies. Alternatively, heterogeneity in damage may be mediated by a resource-based system whereby plant substrate is more palatable to larvae for susceptible species or more defended by less damaged species. PMID:22751309

Marler, Thomas E; Lindström, Anders; Terry, L Irene

2012-07-01

421

The Bioethics Online Service--an implementation of a bioethics database and information resource.  

PubMed

Ethical analysis is crucial to decision making in biomedicine and health care, necessitating rapid access to diffusely disseminated sources of information pertinent to bioethics. We developed the Bioethics Online Service to provide this access and to provide a forum for discussion of bioethical issues. The service, originally designed as a local resource, was expanded to allow Internet access and now enjoys widespread extramural use. We have logged over 8,000 users from our campus, around the state, the nation, and 42 other countries. This model has shown promise in utility and ease of access, and is being used as the template for other informatics developments on our campus and beyond. PMID:7949949

Derse, A R; Krogull, S R

1994-01-01

422

The Bioethics Online Service--an implementation of a bioethics database and information resource.  

PubMed Central

Ethical analysis is crucial to decision making in biomedicine and health care, necessitating rapid access to diffusely disseminated sources of information pertinent to bioethics. We developed the Bioethics Online Service to provide this access and to provide a forum for discussion of bioethical issues. The service, originally designed as a local resource, was expanded to allow Internet access and now enjoys widespread extramural use. We have logged over 8,000 users from our campus, around the state, the nation, and 42 other countries. This model has shown promise in utility and ease of access, and is being used as the template for other informatics developments on our campus and beyond.

Derse, A. R.; Krogull, S. R.

1994-01-01

423

Solar Radiation Resource Assessment Project. Program overview of fiscal year 1993  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Solar Radiation Resource Assessment Project is to provide essential information about the solar radiation resource to users and planners of solar technologies so that they can make informed and timely decisions concerning applications of those technologies. The project team accomplishes this by producing and disseminating relevant and reliable information about solar radiation. Topics include: Variability of solar radiation, measurements of solar radiation, spectral distribution of solar radiation, and assessment of the solar resource. FY 1993 accomplishments are detailed.

Not Available

1994-06-01

424

The effects of perceived conflict, resource scarcity, and information bias on emotions and environmental decisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The failure to anticipate the public's response to environmental problems can lead to expensive delays, bad public relations, and litigation, as well as environmental decisions that do not represent public values and preferences. This study examines the influence of conflict between management goals, perceived resource scarcity, and information bias on evaluations of the importance of management goals; the perception of conflicts among the goals; and the emotions evoked in an urban forest management problem. Environmental problem scenarios were systematically manipulated as to the level of conflict between development and natural preservation goals, the scarcity of urban nature, and the bias of the presented information. Evaluations of the importance of urban nature and economic development were susceptible to manipulations of scarcity. The importance of urban nature was also higher when information was biased toward pro-preservation issues. Negative emotions were associated with high conflict and scarcity and with the propreservation information bias. Both evaluations of goal importance and conflict among goals appeared to be based on an underlying economics-versus-amenity dimension. These results are similar to previous studies of environmental decision making with regard to nonurban environmental problems. This research offers a beginning in understanding and anticipating the way members of the public may respond to information about environmental problems.

Vining, Joanne; Schroeder, Herbert W.

1989-03-01

425

Access and use of information resources in assessing health risks from chemical exposure: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Health risk assessment is based on access to comprehensive information about potentially hazardous agents in question. Relevant information is scattered throughout the literature, and often is not readily accessible. To be useful in assessment efforts, emerging scientific findings, risk assess parameters, and associated data must be compiled and evaluated systemically. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are among the federal agencies heavily involved in this effort. This symposium was a direct response by EPA and ORNL to the expressed needs of individuals involved in assessing risks from chemical exposure. In an effort to examine the state of the risk assessment process, the availability of toxicological information, and the future development and transfer of this information, the symposium provided an excellent cadre of speakers and participants from state and federal agencies, academia and research laboratories to address these topics. This stimulating and productive gathering discussed concerns associated with (1) environmental contamination by chemicals; (2) laws regulating chemicals; (3) information needs and resources; (4) applications; (5) challenges and priorities; and (6)future issues. Individual reports are processed separately for the data bases.

Not Available

1990-12-31

426

Food biotechnology: dietitians' resource needs as determined by selected Canadian key informants.  

PubMed

In a 1996 quantitative survey, we assessed selected Canadian dietitians' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology, particularly genetically altered foods. The results showed that, on average, dietitians held unfavourable attitudes and were concerned about safety and labelling issues. In the current study, qualitative methodology was used to explore dietitians' views on controversial issues and to investigate the adequacy of current biotechnology resources. Nationwide telephone interviews of 22 key informant dietitians were conducted in February and March 1999. Issues covered were food safety and quality, labelling, regulations, food production, education, and biotechnology resource needs. Findings indicated that dietitians' perspectives on biotechnology are diverse nationwide. Views about how biotechnology may affect small producers, the local economy, food choices, and food quality varied from very positive to very negative. Dietitians indicated a need for more education through discussions involving critical analysis and debate by various stakeholders. Respondents agreed that the national organization, Dietitians of Canada, has a role to play in continuing education. Most participants felt that more concise, balanced, and objective resources are needed. Further exploration of dietitians' educational needs would help in the development of appropriate educational materials and programs for nutrition professionals. PMID:11518559

Simonson, R; Ryan-Harshman, S; Whiting, M; Berenbaum, S

2001-01-01

427

Experimental processing of spectral information from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder: non-linear estimation of carbon dioxide spatial distribution in three dimensions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CO2 horizontal field at different atmospheric levels has been derived from AIRS hyperspectral measurements. Results for granule 001 (0 GMT) over South Europe - North Africa region of Nov 16, 2002 are presented. Results were obtained using non-linear spatial-spectral analysis performed in four steps. At step 1, spectral data filtering, 'bad' channels are identified (statistics of second spatial differential of spectral fields are used as predictors). At step 2, cloud identification, effective cloud amount is estimated. At step 3, spatial filtering, measurement noise over cloud free pixels are reduced using spatial smoothing. At step 4, physical interpretation, geophysical parameters at cloud free pixels are retrieved with a non-linear radiative transfer formulation. The radiative transfer model for a cloud free atmosphere includes spectral reflection at the lower boundary. A modified UMBC SARTA code is used for atmospheric spectral transmittance calculations. The physical parameters, included in the model, are: (1) surface emissivity spectrum (13 spectral parameters), (2) surface temperature, (3) atmospheric temperature vertical profile (35 vertical parameters), (4) atmospheric moisture vertical profile (22 vertical parameters), (5) atmospheric ozone vertical profile (17 vertical parameters) and (6) atmospheric CO2 vertical profile (16 vertical parameters). In all 104 variables are estimated with each spatial pixel. A solution is derived from minimization of the spatial integral of a weighted absolute difference (measurement - model) plus absolute values of spatial derivates of the atmospheric parameter estimates plus absolute values of the atmospheric parameter estimates. The spatial derivates of the atmospheric parameter estimates introduce a spatial filter to remove un-physical short wave spatial oscillations and to separate spectral effects from different atmospheric constituents using a priori information about their spatial variability scale. Spatial variability scale of CO2 vertical profile of ~250km. was used. The ECMWF forecast was used for solution initialization. First guess of vertically uniform CO2 profile of 365ppmv was assumed (value of ~370 ppmv is predicted by direct CO2 measurements in 2002). Measurements at cloud free areas (~7000 pixels) were interpreted. The average absolute measurement residual is within the range of 0.1-0.35K in used channels(~1900 channels) and in CO2 channels the statistic value of residual is 0.1-0.2K ( 184 channels: 101 channels in SW and 83 channels in LW). CO2 fields were derived for 3 combinations of measurement spectral bands: SW, LW and SW+LW (for the rest of the problem physical parameters measurement spectral content was fixed SW+LW). Results indicate a CO2 increment of +1-5ppmv. SW channels provided a CO2 signal for atmospheric layer of 250 -500mb, LW channels for 100 - 300mb. CO2 results of SW, LW and SW+LW experiments exhibit mutual spatial consistency. They show presence of spatially local maxima adjacent to cloud areas. Horizontal consistency, location and shape of these CO2 maxima between SW and LW bands results indicate on rather cloud particle spectral effects than on the CO2 spectral absorption. Cloud spectral effects cause a positive bias in CO2 estimates based upon IR measurements. That bias can not be removed by spatial-temporal averaging and will have spatial-temporal distribution pattern similar to the clouds pattern. Local CO2 maxima can be used to identify and remove clouds from the assimilation.

Plokhenko, Y.; Menzel, P.; Knuteson, R.; Revercomb, H.

2007-12-01

428

Literature and information related to the natural resources of the North Aleutian Basin of Alaska.  

SciTech Connect

The North Aleutian Basin Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service (MMS) is a large geographic area with significant natural resources. The Basin includes most of the southeastern part of the Bering Sea Outer Continental Shelf, including all of Bristol Bay. The area supports important habitat for a wide variety of species and globally significant habitat for birds and marine mammals, including several federally listed species. Villages and communities of the Alaska Peninsula and other areas bordering or near the Basin rely on its natural resources (especially commercial and subsistence fishing) for much of their sustenance and livelihood. The offshore area of the North Aleutian Basin is considered to have important hydrocarbon reserves, especially natural gas. In 2006, the MMS released a draft proposed program, 'Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program, 2007-2012' and an accompanying draft programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS). The draft proposed program identified two lease sales proposed in the North Aleutian Basin in 2010 and 2012, subject to restrictions. The area proposed for leasing in the Basin was restricted to the Sale 92 Area in the southwestern portion. Additional EISs will be needed to evaluate the potential effects of specific lease actions, exploration activities, and development and production plans in the Basin. A full range of updated multidisciplinary scientific information will be needed to address oceanography, fate and effects of oil spills, marine ecosystems, fish, fisheries, birds, marine mammals, socioeconomics, and subsistence in the Basin. Scientific staff at Argonne National Laboratory were contracted to assist MMS with identifying and prioritizing information needs related to potential future oil and gas leasing and development activities in the North Aleutian Basin. Argonne focused on three related tasks: (1) identify and gather relevant literature published since 1996, (2) synthesize and summarize the literature, and (3) identify and prioritize remaining information needs. To assist in the latter task, MMS convened the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting (the Planning Meeting) in Anchorage, Alaska, from November 28 through December 1, 2006. That meeting and its results are described in 'Proceedings of the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting' (the Planning Meeting report)1. Citations for recent literature (1996-2006) to support an assessment of the impacts of oil and gas development on natural, cultural, and socioeconomic resources in the North Aleutian Basin were entered in a database. The database, a series of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets with links to many of the reference materials, was provided to MMS prior to the Planning Meeting and was made available for participants to use during the meeting. Many types of references were identified and collected from the literature, such as workshop and symposium proceedings, personal web pages, web pages of government and nongovernmental organizations, EISs, books and articles reporting research results, regulatory documents, technical reports, newspaper and newsletter articles, and theses and dissertations. The current report provides (1) a brief overview of the literature; (2) descriptions (in tabular form) of the databased references, including geographic area covered, topic, and species (where relevant); (3) synopses of the contents of the referenced documents and web pages; and (4) a full citation for each reference. At the Planning Meeting, subject matter experts with research experience in the North Aleutian Basin presented overviews of the area's resources, including oceanography, fish and shellfish populations, federal fisheries, commercial fishery economics, community socioeconomics, subsistence, seabirds and shorebirds, waterfowl, seals and sea lions, cetaceans, sea otters, and walruses. These presentations characterized the status of the resource, the current state of knowledge on the topic, and information needs related to an assessment of

Stull, E.A.; Hlohowskyj, I.; LaGory, K. E.; Environmental Science Division

2008-01-31

429

A Case Study of the Operational Aspects of the Natural Resource Information System (NRIS) Used for Natural Resource Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses the computer support activities performed in a case study in computer assisted natural resources planning. The case study area is the Colville Indian Reservation located in the central part of the State of Washington. The Natural Res...

D. Steingraber

1978-01-01

430

Prescribing habits and caregiver satisfaction with resources for dosing children: Rationale for more informative dosing guidance  

PubMed Central

Background Physicians, nurses and hospital pharmacists were surveyed to assess attitudes of hospital-based pediatric caregivers regarding the dosing of medicine to children. Our objectives were to gauge how current resources are utilized to guide the management of pediatric pharmacotherapy, assess drugs and drug classes where guidance is most critical and examine the prevalence and practice of dose adjustment in pediatric patients. Methods Questionnaire categories included demographics, pharmacotherapy resources, dosing adjustment and modification, and valuation of additional tools to provide improved pharmacotherapy guidance. The questionnaire was developed in collaboration with representative nurse, pharmacist and physician team members using the SurveyMonkey.com site and survey tool. The survey link was distributed to caregivers via email. The questionnaire results of 303 respondents were collected into MS Excel and imported into SAS for data summarization. Results A total of 313 responses were obtained. Physician and nurse practitioner groups comprised the majority of the responses. Approximately 80% of the responders considered dosing adjustment important in pediatric pharmacotherapy. While there was general satisfaction with available resources, nearly 75% responded in support of access to predictive tools that facilitate individualized patient pharmacotherapy. The majority of respondents (> 65%) indicated that dosing outside standard practice occurs in 1-20% of their patients, while still a substantial number of respondents (a range of 8 to 20% reflecting the resident and fellow categories) estimated between 20 and 50% of their patients required adjustments outside the standard practice. Conclusions Differences in prescribing habits based on caregiver role, specialty and location were small and likely require further exploration. Existing resources are generally viewed as helpful but inadequate to guide recommendations for individual patients. Decision support systems connected to hospital-based electronic medical records offer the promise of informative and individualized pharmacotherapy guidance.

2011-01-01

431

RESEARCH ON MINERAL RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM BASED-ON GIS TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mineral resources are important non-renewable resource, its reserves are limited. However, with the social development and population growth, the depletion of mineral resources is increasing rapidly, how to use this valuable resource reasonable will have a bearing on the sustainable development of the national economy. This shows that it is very essential to develop a powerful mineral resources planning and

LI Hai-feng; LI Jiu-gang

432

Summary of Information and Resources Related to Energy Use in Healthcare Facilities - Version 1  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the results of a review of publicly available information on energy use in health care facilities. The information contained in this document and in the sources cited herein provides the background and context for efforts to reduce energy use and costs in health care. Recognizing the breadth and diversity of relevant information, the author acknowledges that the report is likely not comprehensive. It is intended only to present a broad picture of what is currently known about health care energy use. This review was conducted as part of a 'High Performance Health Care Buildings' research study funded by the California Energy Commission. The study was motivated by the recognition that health care facilities collectively account for a substantial fraction of total commercial building energy use, due in large part to the very high energy intensity of hospitals and other inpatient care facilities. The goal of the study was to develop a roadmap of research, development and deployment (RD&D) needs for the health care industry. In addition to this information review, the road map development process included interviews with industry experts and a full-day workshop at LBNL in March 2009. This report is described as 'Version 1' with the intent that it will be expanded and updated as part of an ongoing LBNL program in healthcare energy efficiency. The document is being released in this form with the hope that it can assist others in finding and accessing the resources described within.

Singer, Brett C.; Coughlin, Jennifer L.; Mathew, Paul A.

2009-09-08

433

The private and social value of information: Exploration for exhaustible resources  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the author develop a model where [open quotes]exploration[close quotes] yields information about the size and location of the stock of an exhaustible resource. This information is valuable in two ways. First, before production takes place, reserves must be located through exploration. The process of exploration changes [open quotes]unproven reserves,[close quotes] which cannot be produced, into [open quotes]proven reserves,[close quotes] which can. One value of exploration, then, is that it allows total production over time to expand (the expansion effect). Second, by exploring in an early time period, a producer gains information about the true stock size prior to making a decision about how fast to exploit reserves. With better information, the extraction rate chosen by the producer will yield higher expected returns from the stock (the timing effect). I show that the expansion effect is undervalued by firm relative to a social planner. An increase in proven reserves increases production and lowers prices improving consumer welfare. The timing effect, however, can be over- or undervalued by a firm relative to a social planner. If the exploring firm makes up a relatively small portion of industry, and if consumers are not highly risk averse, then the firm will overvalue the timing effect. As a result, firms may not explore some tracts where it is efficient to do so. If, however, a firm finds it valuable to explore a tract, it may explore earlier in time than is optimal. 27 refs.

Polasky, S. (Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States) Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, MA (United States))

1992-07-01

434

Addressing underutilization of consumer health information resource centers: a formative study*  

PubMed Central

Problem: Four consumer health information centers in Richmond, Virginia, provide one-on-one assistance in accessing health information. Because they may not be fully utilized at present, an exploratory marketing study of factors affecting usage of the centers was conducted. Method: Observers counted center passers-by and tracked their paths. Also, brief intercept interviews were conducted with people who had just used a center, people nearby who could have used one but did not, and people on the street. Finally, in-depth individual interviews were conducted with key informants. Results: There was a high degree of satisfaction with the centers among users. Nonusers universally endorsed the center concept. However, most passers-by did not even glance at the centers, and intercept interviewees suggested better signage and promoting the resource centers through various media channels. Key informants added suggestions about interpersonal strategies (e.g., physician referrals) for center usage promotion but cautioned that a large increase in traffic could not be accommodated without increasing staff size or shifting from a model of individualized service. Conclusions: Triangulating findings from multiple data collection methods can provide useful guidance for efforts to promote center utilization. At minimum, steps should be taken to make the largest centers more noticeable. Because center utilization is not only associated with consumer satisfaction with hospitals, but may also foster health literacy, both hospital-based and community-based usage promotion strategies may be warranted. All such promotional strategies should be audience-tested before they are adopted.

Kennedy, May G.; Kiken, Laura; Shipman, Jean P.

2008-01-01

435

Forum Guide to Facilities Information Management: A Resource for State and Local Education Agencies. NFES 2012-808  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safe and secure facilities that foster learning are crucial to providing quality education services, and developing and maintaining these facilities requires considerable resources and organization. Facility information systems allow education organizations to collect and manage data that can be used to inform and guide decisionmaking about the…

National Forum on Education Statistics, 2012

2012-01-01

436

Providing Technical Assistance in the Location of Information Resources to Designers and Developers of Professional Inservice Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the functions and services of four federally-funded information dissemination networks--the Research and Development Exchange (RDx), the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), the National Diffusion Network (NDN), and the State Capacity Building Programs (SCBP)--and explains how each network interrelates within…

Finley, Sevilla

437

The design and implementation of the information management system of the elementary educational resources based on GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve the problems of isolated islands of information and lack of effective management of the organization in conventional base education resources sharing, a model of educational information system based on GIS is proposed, including systems organization model and system architecture. Summarizing the principle for the construction of this platform and points out problems to be taken into

Jie Zhang; Yueyao Sun; Yaping Zhang

2011-01-01

438

Information resource management planning in the office of the assistant secretary of defense (program analysis and evaluation). Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arms control negotiations and changes in the military threat have combined to create a surge in the mission requirements of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Program Analysis and Evaluation) (OASD (PAE)). These requirements impose an increased need for information at a time of severe DoD budget reductions. Although the FY90 PAE information resource budget of $12 million

C. H. Groth; P. Koshetar; S. Murry

1990-01-01

439

Using Clinical Questions to Structure the Content of a Web-based Information Resource for Primary Care Physicians  

PubMed Central

The Medical Home Portal is a web site aimed at supporting physicians and families in improving the care and outcomes for children with special health care needs (CSHCN) in the Medical Home model. To optimize access to its information and resources, the content has been structured using XML schemas that incorporate relevant clinical questions. This approach guides authors as they develop content and informs the organization of the site, aimed at assuring that users can readily locate needed information and resources. It will also enable direct access to relevant content via “infobuttons” or a questions-based interface, and extraction of content for use in electronic health records or other electronic media.

Norlin, Chuck; Kerr, Lynne M.; Rocha, Roberto A.

2009-01-01

440

Extraterrestrial Spectral Solar Irradiance Data for Modeling Spectral Solar Irradiance at the Earth's Surface.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the extraterrestrial (air mass zero, AMO) spectral solar irradiance data used by the Solar Energy Research Institute's Resource Assessment Branch in models to calculate spectral solar irradiance at the earth's surface. The report con...

C. Riordan

1987-01-01

441

Graphic Display of Water Rights and Water Resource Information for the Yakima River Basin as an Aid to Decision-Making.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is hypothesized that ready availability of graphic displays (maps) of water resource information will stimulate citizens to request the materials and then formulate opinions which will motivate them to participate more fully in the resource planning an...

J. Q. Ressler

1976-01-01

442

Saint Lawrence River--Past and Present. A Review of Historical Natural Resource Information and Habitat Changes in the International Section of the Saint Lawrence River.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a review of historical natural resource data and habitat changes in the international section of the St. Lawrence River. The report is keyed to both published and unpublished natural resource information and includes an extensive bibl...

P. P. Hamilton

1984-01-01

443

The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt): an expanding universe of protein information.  

PubMed

The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt) provides a central resource on protein sequences and functional annotation with three database components, each addressing a key need in protein bioinformatics. The UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB), comprising the manually annotated UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot section and the automatically annotated UniProtKB/TrEMBL section, is the preeminent storehouse of protein annotation. The extensive cross-references, functional and feature annotations and literature-based evidence attribution enable scientists to analyse proteins and query across databases. The UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) speed similarity searches via sequence space compression by merging sequences that are 100% (UniRef100), 90% (UniRef90) or 50% (UniRef50) identical. Finally, the UniProt Archive (UniParc) stores all publicly available protein sequences, containing the history of sequence data with links to the source databases. UniProt databases continue to grow in size and in availability of information. Recent and upcoming changes to database contents, formats, controlled vocabularies and services are described. New download availability includes all major releases of UniProtKB, sequence collections by taxonomic division and complete proteomes. A bibliography mapping service has been added, and an ID mapping service will be available soon. UniProt databases can be accessed online at http://www.uniprot.org or downloaded at ftp://ftp.uniprot.org/pub/databases/. PMID:16381842

Wu, Cathy H; Apweiler, Rolf; Bairoch, Amos; Natale, Darren A; Barker, Winona C; Boeckmann, Brigitte; Ferro, Serenella; Gasteiger, Elisabeth; Huang, Hongzhan; Lopez, Rodrigo; Magrane, Michele; Martin, Maria J; Mazumder, Raja; O'Donovan, Claire; Redaschi, Nicole; Suzek, Baris

2006-01-01

444

DNAReplication: a database of information and resources for the eukaryotic DNA replication community.  

PubMed

DNAReplication (at http://www.dnareplication.net) has been set up as a freely available single resource to facilitate access to information on eukaryotic DNA replication. This database summarizes organism-sorted data on replication proteins in the categories of nomenclature, biochemical properties, motifs, interactions, modifications, structure, cell localization and expression, and general comments. Replication concepts are defined and a general model of the steps in DNA replication is presented. Links to relevant websites and homepages of replication labs are provided. The site also has an interactive section where links to recent replication papers are posted and readers are provided with the facility to post comments about each paper. The interactive and links pages are modified weekly and the whole site is updated annually. PMID:18931374

Cotterill, Sue; Kearsey, Stephen E

2008-10-17

445

Public Information Projects of the Geothermal Resources Council and the Geothermal Energy Association  

SciTech Connect

During the past 20 years the Geothermal Resources Council (GRC), has grown and changed dramatically. An educational organization, the GRC sponsors an annual scientific meeting, and short courses, workshops, and symposia. Meetings and workshops typically are held at locations where members can also attend field trips. The GRC also publishes special reports, a monthly magazine, the GRC BULLETIN, and annual meeting transactions. The GRC On-line Information System, a relatively new service, is a library containing over 20,000 technical geothermal papers, articles, maps and periodicals. Presently, citations for 10,000 of these library materials are stored on computer and available via modem to users anywhere in the world. New citations are added to the library frequently. The GRC's sister association, the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA), collaborates with the GRC on educational programs.

Anderson, David N.; Smith, Estela

1995-01-26

446

Comprehensive Yet Scalable Health Information Systems for Low Resource Settings: A Collaborative Effort in Sierra Leone  

PubMed Central

We address the problem of how to integrate health information systems in low-income African countries in which technical infrastructure and human resources vary wildly within countries. We describe a set of tools to meet the needs of different service areas including managing aggregate indicators, patient level record systems, and mobile tools for community outreach. We present the case of Sierra Leone and use this case to motivate and illustrate an architecture that allows us to provide services at each level of the health system (national, regional, facility and community) and provide different configurations of the tools as appropriate for the individual area. Finally, we present a, collaborative implementation of this approach in Sierra Leone.

Braa, J?rn; Kanter, Andrew S.; Lesh, Neal; Crichton, Ryan; Jolliffe, Bob; Saeb?, Johan; Kossi, Edem; Seebregts, Christopher J.

2010-01-01

447

[Research on reserves estimation method of wild medicinal plants resource for generous species based on spatial information technology].  

PubMed

Traditional Chinese medicinal resource survey method is time-consuming, strenuous, and having great human influence, the precision is not high enough. This paper, by using spatial information technology, carries on spatial sampling survey for wild medicinal plants resource for generous species to arrange the quadrat scientifically and estimate the suitable area, reserve precisely of medicinal plants. It not only improves the survey precision, but reduces the workload of field survey and provides scientific basis for survey method of pilot work on the fourth national traditional Chinese medicinal resource census. PMID:23944023

Ma, Wei-Feng; Zhang, Xiao-Bo; Guo, Lan-Ping; Zhang, Ben-Gang; Zhao, Run-Huai; Huang, Lu-Qi; Zhu, Shou-Dong; Qiao, Yu

2013-04-01

448

Spectral compressor vibration analysis techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies at GAT have verified that the spectral distribution of energy in gaseous diffusion compressor vibrations contains information pertinent to the state of the compressor's ''health.'' Based on that conclusion, vibration analysis capabilities were included in the CUP computer data acquisition system. In order for that information to be used for diagnosis of incipient failure mechanisms, however, spectral features must

1982-01-01

449

Human gene mutation database-a biomedical information and research resource.  

PubMed

Although 20 years have elapsed since the first single basepair substitution underlying an inherited disease in humans was characterised at the DNA level, the initiative has only recently been taken to establish central database resources for pathological genetic variants. Disease-associated gene lesions are currently collected and publicised by the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) in Cardiff, locus-specific mutation databases, and to some extent also by the Genome Database (GDB) and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). To date, HGMD represents the only comprehensive and publicly available database of gene lesions underlying human inherited disease. By July 1999, HGMD contained over 18,000 different mutations from some 900 human genes, the majority being single basepair substitutions. In addition to its potential as an information resource for clinicians and genetic counsellors, HGMD has allowed molecular geneticists to address a variety of biological questions through meta-analysis of the collated data. HGMD also promises to assist research workers in optimising mutation search strategies for a given gene. A questionnaire sent out to, and answered by, the editors of 20 key journals revealed that human genetics journals are increasingly reluctant to publish mutation reports. Electronic data submission and publication facilities are therefore urgently required. The World Wide Web (WWW) provides an excellent medium within which to combine the centralised management of basic mutation data, including rigorous quality control, with the possibility of publishing additional mutation-related information. In response to these needs, HGMD has both instituted a collaboration with Springer-Verlag GmbH, Heidelberg, to potentiate free online submission and electronic publication of human gene mutation data and developed links with the curators of locus-specific mutation databases. PMID:10612821

Krawczak, M; Ball, E V; Fenton, I; Stenson, P D; Abeysinghe, S; Thomas, N; Cooper, D N

2000-01-01

450

New hyperspectral discrimination measure for spectral characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spectral angle mapper (SAM) has been widely used in multispectral and hyperspectral image analysis to measure spectral simi- larity between substance signatures for material identification. It has been shown that the SAM is essentially the Euclidean distance when the spectral angle is small. Most recently, a stochastic measure, called the spectral information divergence (SID), has been suggested to model

Yingzi Du; Chein-I. Chang; Hsuan Ren; Chein-Chi Chang; James O. Jensen; Francis M. D'Amico

2004-01-01

451

Modelling the effect of limited or vulnerable resources on the use of computerised hospital information systems (CHISs) in South Africa.  

PubMed

A conceptual model of computerised hospital information system (CHIS) use has been developed, based on the results of case studies in four South African regional (level 2) hospitals, interviews with local experts, and related work on modelling and evaluation of health information systems. In addition to factors within hospitals, factors which reflect the decisionmaking and resource allocation processes at provincial level have also been included in the model. The applicability of the model is demonstrated through an analysis of the effects of limited or vulnerable resources on CHIS implementation and use at hospital level. Some potential approaches to overcoming these effects are suggested. PMID:17917203

Hanmer, Lyn A; Roode, J Dewald; Isaacs, Sedick

2007-01-01

452

Expanding resource theory and feminist-informed theory to explain intimate partner violence perpetration by court-ordered men.  

PubMed

This study tested resource and feminist-informed theories to explain physical, sexual, psychological, and stalking intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrated by court-mandated men. Data were obtained from 340 men arrested for physical assault of a partner before their court-ordered treatment. Using path analysis, findings provided partial support for each model. Ineffective arguing and substance-use problems were moderators of resources and perpetration. Dominance mediated early exposures and perpetration in the feminist-informed model. In both models, predictors of stalking were different than those for other types of perpetration. Future studies should replicate this research and determine the utility of combining models. PMID:23955930

Basile, Kathleen C; Hall, Jeffrey E; Walters, Mikel L

2013-07-01

453

The Autophagy Database: an all-inclusive information resource on autophagy that provides nourishment for research.  

PubMed

Autophagy is a process of self-digestion generally observed in eukaryotes and has been shown to play crucial roles for survival under starvation and removal of deleterious substances. Despite great advances that have been made, many problems in mechanisms of autophagy remain unsolved. As a large number of autophagy-related proteins are identified in each species, a database that collects data, identifies their homologs in other species and makes them available will contribute to research advancement. As no such resources exist, we built the Autophagy database (http://tp-apg.genes.nig.ac.jp/autophagy) to provide basics, up-to-date information on relevant literature, and a list of autophagy-related proteins and their homologs in 41 eukaryotes. From the database, the user can search for proteins by keywords or sequences to obtain a wealth of data including functional and structural information and find possible functional homologs of proteins whose functions have been demonstrated in other species. As proteins that bind the phospholipid, phosphatidyl inositol 3-phosphate (PI3P) are essential for autophagy to proceed, we carried out an original analysis to identify probable PI3P-binding proteins, and made the list available from the database. The database is expected to give impetus to further research on autophagy by providing basic and specialized data on the subject. PMID:20972215

Homma, Keiichi; Suzuki, Koji; Sugawara, Hideaki

2010-10-23

454

Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) - resources  

MedlinePLUS

Resources - benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); Prostate enlargement resources; BPH resources ... following organizations provide information on benign prostatic hyperplasia ( prostate enlargement ): National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse - ...

455

Utilization of Smoking Cessation Informational, Interactive, and Online Community Resources as Predictors of Abstinence: Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background The association between greater utilization of Web-assisted tobacco interventions and increased abstinence rates is well recognized. However, there is little information on how utilization of specific website features influences quitting. Objective To determine the association between utilization of informational, interactive, and online community resources (eg. bulletin boards) and abstinence rates, with the broader objective to identify potential strategies for improving outcomes for Web-assisted tobacco interventions. Methods In Spring 2004, a cohort of 607 quitplan.com users consented to participate in an evaluation of quitplan.com, a Minnesota branded version of QuitNet.com. We developed utilization measures for different site features: general information, interactive diagnostic tools and quit planning tools, online expert counseling, passive (ie, reading of bulletin boards) and active (ie, public posting) online community engagement, and one-to-one messaging with other virtual community members. Using bivariate, multivariate, and path analyses, we examined the relationship between utilization of specific site features and 30-day abstinence at 6 months. Results The most commonly used resources were the interactive quit planning tools (used by 77% of site users). Other informational resources (ie, quitting guides) were used more commonly (60% of users) than passive (38%) or active (24%) community features. Online community engagement through one-to-one messaging was low (11%) as was use of online counseling (5%). The 30-day abstinence rate among study participants at 6 months was 9.7% (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 7.3% - 12.1%). In the logistic regression model, neither the demographic data (eg, age, gender, education level, employment, or insurance status) nor the smoking-related data (eg, cigarettes per day, time to first morning cigarette, baseline readiness to quit) nor use of smoking cessation medications entered the model as significant predictors of abstinence. Individuals who used the interactive quit planning tools once, two to three times, or four or more times had an odds of abstinence of 0.65 (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.22 - 1.94), 1.87 (95% CI 0.77 - 4.56), and 2.35 (95% CI 1.0 - 5.58), respectively. The use of one-to-one messages (reference = none vs 1 or more) entered the final model as potential predictor for abstinence, though the significance of this measure was marginal (OR = 1.91, 95% CI 0.92 - 3.97, P = .083). In the path analysis, an apparent association between active online community engagement and abstinence was accounted for in large part by increased use of interactive quitting tools and one-to-one messaging. Conclusions Use of interactive quitting tools, and perhaps one-to-one messaging with other members of the online community, was associated with increased abstinence rates among quitplan.com users. Designs that facilitate use of these features should be considered.

Schillo, Barbara A; Saul, Jessie E; Wendling, Ann H; Klatt, Colleen M; Berg, Carla J; Ahulwalia, Jasjit S; Kavanaugh, Annette M; Christenson, Matthew; Luxenberg, Michael G

2008-01-01

456

Integrating water data, models and forecasts - the Australian Water Resources Information System (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Under the Commonwealth Water Act 2007 the Bureau of Meteorology was given a new national role in water information, encompassing standards, water accounts and assessments, hydrological forecasting, and collecting, enhancing and making freely available Australia’s water information. The Australian Water Resources Information System (AWRIS) is being developed to fulfil part of this role, by providing foundational data, information and model structures and services. Over 250 organisations across Australia are required to provide water data and metadata to the Bureau, including federal, state and local governments, water storage management and hydroelectricity companies, rural and urban water utilities, and catchment management bodies. The data coverage includes the categories needed to assess and account for water resources at a range of scales. These categories are surface, groundwater and meteorological observations, water in storages, water restrictions, urban and irrigation water use and flows, information on rights, allocations and trades, and a limited suite of water quality parameters. These data are currently supplied to the Bureau via a file-based delivery system at various frequencies from annual to daily or finer, and contain observations taken at periods from minutes to monthly or coarser. One of the primary keys to better data access and utilisation is better data organisation, including content and markup standards. As a significant step on the path to standards for water data description, the Bureau has developed a Water Data Transfer Format (WDTF) for transmission of a variety of water data categories, including site metadata. WDTF is adapted from the OGC’s observation and sampling-features standard. The WDTF XML schema is compatible with the OGC's Web Feature Service (WFS) interchange standard, and conforms to GML Simple Features profile (GML-SF) level 1, emphasising the importance of standards in data exchange. In the longer term we are also working with the OGC’s Hydrology Domain Working Group on the development of WaterML 2, which will provide an international standard applicable to a sub-set of the information handled by WDTF. Making water data accessible for multiple uses, such as for predictive models and external products, has required the development of consistent data models for describing the relationships between the various data elements. Early development of the AWRIS data model has utilised a model-driven architecture approach, the benefits of which are likely to accrue in the long term, as more products and services are developed from the common core. Moving on from our initial focus on data organisation and management, the Bureau is in the early stages of developing an integrated modelling suite (the Bureau Hydrological Modelling System - BHMS) which will encompass the variety of hydrological modelling needs of the Bureau, ranging from water balances, assessments and accounts, to streamflow and hydrological forecasting over scales from hours and days to years and decades. It is envisaged that this modelling suite will also be developed, as far as possible, using standardised, discoverable services to enhance data-model and model-model integration.

Argent, R.; Sheahan, P.; Plummer, N.

2010-12-01

457

SigCS base: an integrated genetic information resource for human cerebral stroke  

PubMed Central

Background To understand how stroke risk factors mechanistically contribute to stroke, the genetic components regulating each risk factor need to be integrated and evaluated with respect to biological function and through pathway-based algorithms. This resource will provide information to researchers studying the molecular and genetic causes of stroke in terms of genomic variants, genes, and pathways. Methods Reported genetic variants, gene structure, phenotypes, and literature information regarding stroke were collected and extracted from publicly available databases describing variants, genome, proteome, functional annotation, and disease subtypes. Stroke related candidate pathways and etiologic genes that participate significantly in risk were analyzed in terms of canonical pathways in public biological pathway databases. These efforts resulted in a relational database of genetic signals of cerebral stroke, SigCS base, which implements an effective web retrieval system. Results The current version of SigCS base documents 1943 non-redundant genes with 11472 genetic variants and 165 non-redundant pathways. The web retrieval system of SigCS base consists of two principal search flows, including: 1) a gene-based variant search using gene table browsing or a keyword search, and, 2) a pathway-based variant search using pathway table browsing. SigCS base is freely accessible at http://sysbio.kribb.re.kr/sigcs. Conclusions SigCS base is an effective tool that can assist researchers in the identification of the genetic factors associated with stroke by utilizing existing literature information, selecting candidate genes and variants for experimental studies, and examining the pathways that contribute to the pathophysiological mechanisms of stroke.

2011-01-01

458

Depression - resources  

MedlinePLUS

Resources - depression ... Depression is a medical condition. If you think you may be depressed, see a health care provider. ... following organizations are good resources of information on depression : American Psychological Association - www.apa.org/topics/depress/ ...

459

Spectral memory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methods for the holographic recording of picosecond signals in spectrally selective media are reviewed, and related experimental results are presented. Attention is then given to the feasibility of applying spatial-temporal holography to optical data processing.

Saari, P. M.

1986-04-01

460

Community Resource Mapping: A Strategy for Promoting Successful Transition for Youth with Disabilities. Information Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a guide to mapping community resources as a way of identifying assets and resources that can be used to aid students with disabilities as they transition from school to adulthood. Discussion of the principles of community resource mapping (relationship-driven and across programmatic and geographic boundaries) is followed by a…

Crane, Kelli; Skinner, Becky

461

Libraries and Information Technology; A National System Challenge: A Report to the Council on Library Resources, Inc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of the applications of computer to libraries and information systems carried out with the support of the Council on Library Resources is reported. The report presents recommendations derived from the synthesis of facts, views, and opinions obtained from sources such as: visits to selected projects and installations, published and private…

National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. Information Systems Panel.

462

Application of Global-Scale Precipitation and Hydrologic Datasets for the Development of Small-Scale Hydropower Resource Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small-scale hydropower (SSH) development proceeds around the world in a context of insufficient information. Where streamflow and meteorological observations are sparse, the state of the practice for hydropower resource prospecting and assessment relies heavily on regionalization of statistical relationships between in situ measurements of streamflow and precipitation, and on directly surveyed or remotely sensed land surface (watershed) characteristics. Prior studies

A. W. Wood; J. Fung; M. Wiley; K. J. Westrick

2009-01-01

463

Technical-Oriented Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Body of Knowledge for Information Systems Programs: Content and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author proposes a body of knowledge that the educators can use to incorporate the technical aspects of enterprise resource planning (ERP) into an information systems (IS) program, encapsulated as the ERP technical knowledge framework. To illustrate the application of this framework, the author discusses a course sequence that…

Boyle, Todd A.

2007-01-01

464

Russian Information, Computing and Telecommunication Resources for Supporting Basic Research (An Analysis of the Projects supported by RFBR)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Main directions of the information, computing and telecommunication resources development for supporting basic research are discussed. High-priority tasks of each direction are considered. A brief overview of the projects supported by RBRF in the area under consideration is presented in the report.

V. Wolfengagen; A. Zabrodin; M. Kogalovsky; O. Plechova; A. Tomilin; V. Shnitman

2002-01-01

465

Using the Internet as a Classroom Information and Image Resource for the Development of a Television Advertising Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the use of the Internet as an image and information resource in an introductory television and radio production class (COMM 223: Principles of Radio and Television Production) at Western Illinois University. The report states that the class's two lab sections spent the first half of the semester preparing a television…

Murray, Michael

466

The use of the Internet as a resource for health information among patients attending a rheumatology clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To determine the proportion of patients attending a rheumatology clinic who have access to a computer with Internet capabilities, to establish how often they search for health information, and how difficult or useful they find this resource. Methods. We performed a questionnaire-based study of consecutive patients attending a rheumatology clinic in two city teaching hospitals over a 1 week

M.-M. Gordon; H. A. Capell; R. Madhok

2002-01-01

467

The transition process to a free market economy: a case study of information resource units in East Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dramatic process of economic restructuring towards a free market economy in the new states of the Federal Republic of Germany is also affecting information resource units (IRUs). The IRUs clearly show signs of the decline of the economy, but also of a new beginning. A survey of IRUs in the new states was conducted in June 1991. The main

Josef Herget

1993-01-01

468

Utilizing Research and Development Products in Strategic Planning and Human Resource Development in the Computer Literate, High Technology, Information Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stressing the importance of the relationship of vocational and technical education to the economy, this paper discusses how existing educational research and development (R&D) resources can assist in preparing for the computer literate, high technology, information society. After emphasizing the magnitude of the education and training industry,…

Groff, Warren H.

469

Implementation and comparison of machine learning classifiers for information security risk analysis of a human resources department  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is threefold. First, a qualitative information security risk survey is implemented in human resources department of a logistics company. Second, a machine learning risk classification and prediction model with proper data set is established from the results obtained in this survey. Third, several classifier algorithms are tested where their training and test performances are compared

Mete Eminagaoglu; Saban Eren

2010-01-01

470

Using the Internet as a Classroom Information and Image Resource for the Development of a Television Advertising Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the use of the Internet as an image and information resource in an introductory television and radio production class (COMM 223: Principles of Radio and Television Production) at Western Illinois University. The report states that the class's two lab sections spent the first half of the semester preparing a television…

Murray, Michael

471

Knowledge, Perception, and Attitudes of Library Personnel towards Preservation of Information Resources in Nigerian Federal University Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigated the relationship among preservation knowledge, perception and attitude of library personnel towards preservation of information resources in Nigerian federal university libraries. Simple random sampling technique was used to select twenty university libraries from the twenty four federal university libraries in Nigeria. All the 660 library personnel in the selected libraries constituted the study sample. Data was collected

Samson Oyeniyi Akande

2009-01-01

472

Studies of polar mesosphere summer echoes with the EISCAT VHF and UHF radars: Information contained in the spectral shape  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nature of PMSE in the VHF and UHF frequency range is considered taking into account the shape of corresponding Doppler spectra. Assuming a turbulence-based model of PMSE it is argued that for cases where a VHF radar detects strong PMSE, the UHF radar could either detect enhanced coherent scattering caused by the same physical process as in the VHF (i.e., turbulence with large charged ice particles), there could be incoherent scattering modified by the charged ice particles, or there could be a mixture of both. In order to distinguish these cases a simple but robust method is introduced to characterize the shape of the Doppler spectra derived from observations at both frequencies. Spectral shapes are quantified with one simple fitting parameter of a generalized fit to the autocorrelation function (=Fourier transform of the Doppler spectrum). This parameter takes a value of 1 for a Lorentzian spectrum indicative of pure incoherent scatter from the D-region, a value of 2 for coherent scatter owing to turbulence, and a value of less than 1 for incoherent scatter modified by the presence of charged aerosol particles. This method is applicable to observations at altitudes between ˜70 and ˜90 km. Simultaneous observations with the EISCAT VHF and UHF radar are presented in which all three cases mentioned above are identified. For the case of incoherent scatter modified by the presence of charged aerosol particles we quantify the radius of the involved ice particles to exceed ˜5 nm. Most importantly, however, for the case where the UHF-signal exceeded the incoherent scatter signal significantly, the spectrum revealed a clear Gaussian shape indicative of a coherent scattering process with identical spectral width as for the VHF-observations. This finding gives strong support that both echoes are created by the same turbulence-based mechanism and not by different mechanisms as speculated by several previous authors.

Strelnikova, Irina; Rapp, Markus

2010-01-01

473

Audit Report on "The Office of Science's Management of Information Technology Resources"  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's Office of Science (Science) and its facility contractors are aggressive users of information technology (IT) to support fundamental research in areas such as energy, environmental remediation and computational sciences. Of its $4 billion Fiscal Year 2008 budget, Science spent about $287 million to manage its IT program. This included cyber security activities, acquisition of hardware and software, and support service costs used to maintain the operating environments necessary to support the missions of the program. Prior Office of Inspector General reports have identified various issues with Science's management of its IT programs and resources. For instance, our report on Facility Contractor Acquisition and Management of Information Technology Hardware (DOE/IG-0768, June 2007) noted that the Science sites reviewed spent more than necessary when acquiring IT hardware. In another example, our review of The Department's Efforts to Implement Common Information Technology Services at Headquarters (DOE/IG-0763, March 2007) disclosed that Science's reluctance to adopt the Department of Energy Common Operating Environment (DOE-COE) at Headquarters contributed to the Department's inability to fully realize potential cost savings through consolidation and economies of scale. In light of the magnitude of the Office of Science IT program and previously identified program weaknesses, we initiated this audit to determine whether Science adequately managed its IT resources. Science had taken a number of actions to improve its cyber security posture and align its program to Federal requirements. Yet, our review disclosed that it had not taken some basic steps to enhance security and reduce costs. In particular, we found that: (1) For their non-scientific computing environments, all seven of the field sites reviewed (two Federal, five contractor) had implemented security configurations that were less stringent than those included in the Federal Desktop Core Configuration. This