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1

2012-2013 Housing Lottery & Room Selection Information  

E-print Network

2012-2013 Housing Lottery & Room Selection Information Residential Learning & University Housing Important Dates and Deadlines - Inside Lottery and Room Selection Information- Inside Freshman & Sophomore;Lottery Participants Notified of Eligibility for Room Selection Deadline to Choose Roommates & Complete

Rusu, Adrian

2

The White House Economic Statistics Briefing Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The White House Web site has made access to current U.S. economic data much easier by establishing the Economic Briefing Room. The power of this site is that it not only offers brief statistics and charts, but that it also links to the agency that is responsible for the data, allowing interested users to obtain much more detailed data when available. The Economic Briefing Room contains current data on income, output, employment, unemployment and earnings, production and business activity, prices, money, credit and securities markets, transportation, and international statistics. The site makes the distinction between agencies that produce particular types of data invisible to the user.

1996-01-01

3

The White House Social Statistics Briefing Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The White House Web site has made access to current U.S. social data much easier by establishing the Social Statistics Briefing Room. The power of this site is that it not only offers brief statistics and charts, but that it also links to the agency that is responsible for the data, allowing interested users to obtain much more detailed data when available. The Social Briefing Room contains data on crime, demographics, education, and health. The site makes the distinction between agencies that produce particular types of data invisible to the user.

1997-01-01

4

5. View of living room of Lucas House, looking through ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. View of living room of Lucas House, looking through archway into dining room. Archway at right leads to bedrooms and bathroom. Doorway in background leads to kitchen. Looking northeast. - Lucas House, 470 Petersburg Road, Hebron, Boone County, KY

5

Association of Housing Disrepair Indicators with Cockroach and Rodent Infestations in a Cohort of Pregnant Latina Women and Their Children  

PubMed Central

Health burdens associated with poor housing and indoor pest infestations are likely to affect young children in particular, who spend most of their time indoors at home. We completed environmental assessments in 644 homes of pregnant Latina women and their children living in the Salinas Valley, California. High residential densities were common, with 39% of homes housing > 1.5 persons per room. Housing disrepair was also common: 58% of homes had peeling paint, 43% had mold, 25% had water damage, and 11% had rotting wood. Evidence of cockroaches and rodents was present in 60% and 32% of homes, respectively. Compared with representative national survey data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, homes in our sample were more likely to have rodents, peeling paint, leaks under sinks, and much higher residential densities. The odds of rodent infestations in homes increased in the presence of peeling paint [odds ratio (OR) 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.5–3.1], water damage (OR 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2–2.7), and mold (OR 1.5; 95% CI, 1.0–2.1). The odds of cockroach infestation increased in the presence of peeling paint (OR 3.8; 95% CI, 2.7–5.6), water damage (OR 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2–2.9), or high residential density (OR 2.1; 95% CI, 1.2–3.8). Homes that were less clean than average were more prone to both types of infestations. Pesticides were stored or used in 51% of households, partly to control roach and rodent infestations. These data indicate that adverse housing conditions are common in this community and increase the likelihood of pest infestations and home pesticide use. Interventions to improve housing and promote children’s health and safety in this population are needed. PMID:16330367

Bradman, Asa; Chevrier, Jonathan; Tager, Ira; Lipsett, Michael; Sedgwick, Jaqueline; Macher, Janet; Vargas, Ana B.; Cabrera, Elvia B.; Camacho, Jose M.; Weldon, Rosana; Kogut, Katherine; Jewell, Nicholas P.; Eskenazi, Brenda

2005-01-01

6

Corynebacterium bovis: epizootiologic features and environmental contamination in an enzootically infected rodent room.  

PubMed

Corynebacterium bovis is a common pathogen in athymic nude mouse colonies. Control and eradication of the organism are challenging because depopulation and restricted colony access are often not options within vivaria. We evaluated potential sources and dissemination routes of C. bovis in an enzootically infected colony. Immunocompetent mice and personnel were evaluated for their potential to carry C. bovis, and husbandry and sanitation methods were evaluated for their efficacy in preventing cross-contamination. C. bovis was detected in furred immunocompetent mice previously exposed to infected athymic nude mice and in the nasopharynx of humans. Microisolation cages were not effective in maintaining athymic nude mice C. bovis-free when they were housed in a room known to contain immunodeficient mice with C. bovis infections. A tunnel washer that provided a ?180 °F final rinse provided effective elimination of C. bovis from cage components. Passive and active air sampling techniques showed airborne dispersal of C. bovis despite the use of individually ventilated caging systems and stringent operational standards. Bacterial growth was not observed in settle plates placed inside autoclaved individually ventilated microisolation cages on various ventilated racks for 24-h periods. C. bovis aerosolization was shown to be a means of spread of the bacterium during cage-change procedures inside a class II type A2 biosafety cabinet. Our findings indicate that C. bovis can be a pervasive environmental contaminant in infected rodent holding rooms and successful eradication strategies must include environmental decontamination and attention to air quality. PMID:22776119

Burr, Holly N; Wolf, Felix R; Lipman, Neil S

2012-03-01

7

36. VIEW OF PASSENGER WAITING ROOM, FERRY HOUSE, NORTH CENTRAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

36. VIEW OF PASSENGER WAITING ROOM, FERRY HOUSE, NORTH CENTRAL BUILDING, SECOND LEVEL, LOOKING EAST - Central Railroad of New Jersey, Jersey City Ferry Terminal, Johnson Avenue at Hudson River, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ

8

27. View east of operator's room, west operator's house, showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. View east of operator's room, west operator's house, showing bascule control panel center and gate control panel left. - Yellow Mill Bridge, Spanning Yellow Mill Channel at Stratford Avenue, Bridgeport, Fairfield County, CT

9

50. MCDONALD RANCH: INTERIOR OF SOUTHEAST ROOM OF RANCH HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

50. MCDONALD RANCH: INTERIOR OF SOUTHEAST ROOM OF RANCH HOUSE, VIEWED FROM WEST AND SHOWING STENCILED FRIEZE BELOW CEILING - White Sands Missile Range, Trinity Site, Vicinity of Routes 13 & 20, White Sands, Dona Ana County, NM

10

4. DOORS TO FAN ROOM IN FAN HOUSE, FROM NORTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. DOORS TO FAN ROOM IN FAN HOUSE, FROM NORTH - Sublet Mine No. 6, Fan House, North structure, west side of Willow Creek Valley, east of County Road No. 306, 3 miles north of U.S. Highway 189, Kemmerer, Lincoln County, WY

11

63. BUILDING NO. 541, WATER DRY HOUSE, INTERIOR OF ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

63. BUILDING NO. 541, WATER DRY HOUSE, INTERIOR OF ROOM WHERE PROPELLANTS ARE DUMPED IN HOPPER (EAST END OF BUILDING) AFTER BEING TRANSPORTED FROM BUILDING NO. 533 (DEMOLITION IN PROGRESS). - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

12

41. MCDONALD RANCH: INTERIOR OF NORTHEAST ROOM OF RANCH HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

41. MCDONALD RANCH: INTERIOR OF NORTHEAST ROOM OF RANCH HOUSE, LOOKING NORTHWEST. TAPE HANGING FROM CEILING/WALL JOINT IS PROBABLY LEFT FROM SEALING OF ROOM PRIOR TO ASSEMBLY OF PLUTONIUM CORE COMPONENTS ON JULY 13, 1945 - White Sands Missile Range, Trinity Site, Vicinity of Routes 13 & 20, White Sands, Dona Ana County, NM

13

23. INTERIOR VIEW OF NEW FAN HOUSE ENGINE ROOM LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. INTERIOR VIEW OF NEW FAN HOUSE ENGINE ROOM LOOKING EAST The flywheel, shaft, and coupling of the c. 1930 Buffalo Forge Corliss engine are shown. - Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex, South side of Susquehanna River at Route 115 & Riechard Street, Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, PA

14

11. PUMP HOUSE AND WEIGHING ROOM Fish were pumped from ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. PUMP HOUSE AND WEIGHING ROOM Fish were pumped from floating hoppers, to the pump house (on the far right). From there they were either lifted by conveyor belt to the weighing room (top center) and thence to the holding tanks, or were washed through sealers, weighed and then sluiced to holding tanks. The process used depended upon the type and size of fish. The square cement vat (center) was to be a settling tank from which fish oil, reclaimed from the reduction process, was to be pumped into the round metal tank (above the vat). This process however, was never fully utilized before the sardines ran out. - Hovden Cannery, 886 Cannery Row, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

15

76 FR 76327 - Installation of Radiation Alarms for Rooms Housing Neutron Sources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...NRC-2011-0251] Installation of Radiation Alarms for Rooms Housing...Neutron Sources AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...require installation of radiation alarms for rooms housing...December 2011. For the Nuclear Regulatory...

2011-12-07

16

Arvicoline rodent fauna from the Room 2 Excavation in Cathedral Cave, White Pine County, Nevada, and its biochronologic significance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test-pit excavations from 1989 in Room 2 of Cathedral Cave yielded a diverse faunal assemblage, but age estimates derived from radioisotopic dates and biochronological assessment were widely disparate. New excavations were undertaken in 2003 to increase faunal samples and clarify chronological resolution. Arvicoline rodents recovered from the 2003 excavation include Allophaiomys pliocaenicus, Microtus meadensis, M. paroperarius, Microtus sp., Mictomys meltoni

Christopher N. Jass; Christopher J. Bell

2011-01-01

17

Establishment of an operating room committee and a training program to improve aseptic techniques for rodent and large animal surgery.  

PubMed

Investigators of our research facility generally accept the concept of asepsis as an important component of adequate surgical care for animals. However, they experience difficulties putting it into practice, especially in the case of rodents. The reasons for this are inconvenience, cost, and lack of training. To better assist investigators in the implementation of aseptic surgical techniques in their laboratories, we have created an Operating Room (OR) Committee modeled after OR committees found in human hospitals. A reconstructive surgeon, a veterinarian, a research scientist, a nurse involved in the training of OR personnel, interns, graduate students, and an animal health technician were chosen as committee members in light of their OR and animal care expertise. The first task of the OR Committee was to establish institutional guidelines for aseptic surgery, taking into account the costs imposed on research budgets by these procedures. The OR Committee also supports a complete training program in aseptic surgery techniques, which consists of lectures, a training manual, videos, and a practical course. Furthermore, when experimental procedures require specialized equipment, the OR Committee collaborates with researchers to develop strategies to achieve asepsis. This OR Committee and the training program proved to be important tools to promote and improve the quality of animal care during surgery. PMID:17089994

Héon, Hélène; Rousseau, Nathalie; Montgomery, Jane; Beauregard, Gilles; Choiniére, Manon

2006-11-01

18

Sexual selection and the rodent baculum: an intraspecific study in the house mouse ( Mus musculus domesticus )  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid divergence of genitalia is a pervasive trend in animal evolution, thought to be due to the action of sexual selection.\\u000a To test predictions from the sexual selection hypothesis, we here report data on the allometry, variation, plasticity and\\u000a condition dependence of baculum morphology in the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus). We find that that baculum size: (a) exhibits

Steven A. Ramm; Lin Khoo; Paula Stockley

2010-01-01

19

Sexual selection and the rodent baculum: an intraspecific study in the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus).  

PubMed

The rapid divergence of genitalia is a pervasive trend in animal evolution, thought to be due to the action of sexual selection. To test predictions from the sexual selection hypothesis, we here report data on the allometry, variation, plasticity and condition dependence of baculum morphology in the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus). We find that that baculum size: (a) exhibits no consistent pattern of allometric scaling (baculum size being in most cases unrelated to body size), (b) exhibits low to moderate levels of phenotypic variation, (c) does not exhibit phenotypic plasticity in response to differences in perceived levels of sexual competition and (d) exhibits limited evidence of condition dependence. These patterns provide only limited evidence in support of the sexual selection hypothesis, and no consistent support for any particular sexual selection mechanism; however, more direct measures of how genital morphology influences male fertilization success are required. PMID:19597945

Ramm, Steven A; Khoo, Lin; Stockley, Paula

2010-01-01

20

Utility of Recycled Bedding for Laboratory Rodents  

PubMed Central

Animal facilities generate a large amount of used bedding containing excrement as medical waste. We developed a recycling system for used bedding that involves soft hydrothermal processing. In this study, we examined the effects of bedding type on growth, hematologic and serum biochemical values, and organ weights of female and male mice reared on either recycled or fresh bedding from 3 to 33 wk of age. Neither growth nor physiology differed between mice housed on recycled bedding compared with fresh bedding. When 14-wk-old mice were bred, litter size and total number of weaned pups showed no significant differences between animals raised on recycled or fresh bedding. Because bedding type influences the environment within cages and animal rooms, we evaluated particulate and ammonia data from cages and animal rooms. Values were significantly lower from cages and rooms that used recycled bedding than from those using fresh bedding, thus indicating that recycled bedding has the potential to improve the environment within both cages and animal rooms. Overall, this study revealed that recycled bedding is an excellent material for use in housing laboratory rodents. Specifically, recycled bedding may reduce medical waste and maintain healthy environments within cages and animal rooms. PMID:19653951

Miyamoto, Toru; Li, Zhixia; Kibushi, Tomomi; Okano, Shinya; Yamasaki, Nakamichi; Kasai, Noriyuki

2009-01-01

21

Microevolution in island rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We perform a meta-analysis on morphological data from four island rodent populations exhibiting microevolution (>˜?100 years). Data consisting of incidences of skeletal variants, cranial, and external measurements are from house mice (Mus musculus) on one Welsh and one Scottish island, black rats (Rattus rattus) on two Galapagos islands, and deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) on three California Channel islands. We report

Oliver R. W. Pergams; Mary V. Ashley

2001-01-01

22

Housing  

MedlinePLUS

... AIDS.gov Mission and Team • Contact Us • Privacy Policy • Disclaimer Network blog.aids.gov • locator.aids.gov • facing.aids.gov • providertools.aids.gov • HIV/AIDS Service Locator Locator ... & Viewers HHS 508 Privacy Policy White House USA.gov This is an official ...

23

Field House Change Rooms  

E-print Network

at UNBC's campus in Prince George. At 145,150 square feet, this high-performance sport facility to community and varsity sports, the facility can be home to major tournaments and events, academic programs Squash Courts Weights & Circuit TrainingPhysiotherapy & Sport Medicine Workout Studio Reception Indoor

Northern British Columbia, University of

24

92. FIRST FLOOR, ROOM 106, DINING ROOM (WEST ROOM), NORTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

92. FIRST FLOOR, ROOM 106, DINING ROOM (WEST ROOM), NORTH WALL, MANTELPIECE DETAIL, RIGHT PANEL AND TOP OF SIDE PANEL, WITH SCALE (NOTE-RIGHT OF CENTER THE INSCRIPTION: COADE LONDON, 1799). - Octagon House, 1799 (1741) New York Avenue, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

25

Integrating A3 reports and the House of Quality: improving workflow in the recovery room using information technology.  

PubMed

In this paper, we provide a methodology for integrating the House of Quality (HOQ), a process tool, with Toyota A3 reports to effectively identify the priorities and root causes of poor efficiency in a Post Anesthesia Care Unit's (PACU) workflow. The A3 report allowed us to identify the workflow waste, and the HOQ helped us to identify and prioritize the critical root causes of poor workflow that could be improved by technology. PMID:19745345

Kuo, Mu-Hsing; Borycki, Elizabeth M; Kushniruk, Andre W; Lee, Te-Shu

2009-01-01

26

Co-Housing Rodents with Different Coat Colours as a Simple, Non-Invasive Means of Individual Identification: Validating Mixed-Strain Housing for C57BL/6 and DBA/2 Mice  

PubMed Central

Standard practice typically requires the marking of laboratory mice so that they can be individually identified. However, many of the common methods compromise the welfare of the individuals being marked (as well as requiring time, effort, and/or resources on the part of researchers and technicians). Mixing strains of different colour within a cage would allow them to be readily visually identifiable, negating the need for more invasive marking techniques. Here we assess the impact that mixed strain housing has on the phenotypes of female C57BL/6 (black) and DBA/2 (brown) mice, and on the variability in the data obtained from them. Mice were housed in either mixed strain or single strain pairs for 19 weeks, and their phenotypes then assessed using 23 different behavioural, morphological, haematological and physiological measures widely used in research and/or important for assessing mouse welfare. No negative effects of mixed strain housing could be found on the phenotypes of either strain, including variables relevant to welfare. Differences and similarities between the two strains were almost all as expected from previously published studies, and none were affected by whether mice were housed in mixed- or single-strain pairs. Only one significant main effect of housing type was detected: mixed strain pairs had smaller red blood cell distribution widths, a measure suggesting better health (findings that now need replicating in case they were Type 1 errors resulting from our multiplicity of tests). Furthermore, mixed strain housing did not increase the variation in data obtained from the mice: the standard errors for all variables were essentially identical between the two housing conditions. Mixed strain housing also made animals very easy to distinguish while in the home cage. Female DBA/2 and C57BL/6 mice can thus be housed in mixed strain pairs for identification purposes, with no apparent negative effects on their welfare or the data they generate. This suggests that there is much value in exploring other combinations of strains. PMID:24204864

Walker, Michael; Fureix, Carole; Palme, Rupert; Mason, Georgia

2013-01-01

27

Neighbourhood analyses of tree seed predation by introduced rodents in a New Zealand temperate rainforest  

E-print Network

mice Mus musculus and other introduced rodents represent a novel source of predation on tree seeds have important implications for tree population dynamics. Introduced rodents Á house mice Mus musculus

28

Reading Room Research Room  

E-print Network

Reading Room Research Room 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 Tech Services Stairs Assistant Library DirectorSeminar Room John Grisham Law Library First Floor #12;(Reading Room - Glassed-in) Study Carrels Rare Books 2017

Tchumper, Gregory S.

29

15. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST, IN ROOM BEHIND FRONT ROOM ON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST, IN ROOM BEHIND FRONT ROOM ON SECOND FLOOR, SHOWING REPRESENTATIVE WINDOW TREATMENT AND CEILING MOLDINGS. - Charles G. Carpenter House, 408-410 Cooper Street, Camden, Camden County, NJ

30

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. DINING ROOM AND PANTRY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. DINING ROOM AND PANTRY IN THE BACKGROUND. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST. - Hickam Field, Fort Kamehameha Officers' Housing Type Z, 19 Worchester Avenue, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

31

Hindlimb unloading rodent model: technical aspects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since its inception at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center in the mid-1970s, many laboratories around the world have used the rat hindlimb unloading model to simulate weightlessness and to study various aspects of musculoskeletal loading. In this model, the hindlimbs of rodents are elevated to produce a 30 degrees head-down tilt, which results in a cephalad fluid shift and avoids weightbearing by the hindquarters. Although several reviews have described scientific results obtained with this model, this is the first review to focus on the technical aspects of hindlimb unloading. This review includes a history of the technique, a brief comparison with spaceflight data, technical details, extension of the model to mice, and other important technical considerations (e.g., housing, room temperature, unloading angle, the potential need for multiple control groups, age, body weight, the use of the forelimb tissues as internal controls, and when to remove animals from experiments). This paper is intended as a reference for researchers, reviewers of manuscripts, and institutional animal care and use committees. Over 800 references, related to the hindlimb unloading model, can be accessed via the electronic version of this article.

Morey-Holton, Emily R.; Globus, Ruth K.

2002-01-01

32

RODENTS: PICTORIAL KEY TO SOME COMMON UNITED STATES GENERA Harold Georee Scott and Margery R. Borom  

E-print Network

HOUSE MOUSE Mus musculus #12;DOMESTIC RODENTS AND COCKROACHES: PICTORIAL KEY TO DROPPINGS Harold Georle.t with ridges ovoid, pointed with ridllU without rid,es length about 1/4-inch Mus musculus HOUSE MOUSE lenll

33

Blair House: The President's Guest House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Blair House has been the next-door neighbor of the White House in Washington, DC since 1824 and it is the President's official guest house. The house is named after Francis Preston Blair, who served in President Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" and he was the consummate political insider during the administrations of Martin Van Buren and Abraham Lincoln. Today, the house also serves as a home for the president-elect in the days before the inauguration. This marvelous website from CSPAN provides visitors with video clips of the house, and it's quite a tour. There are ten short profiles that include views of the principal suite, the drawing room, and the Lincoln Room. The site also has interviews with people who have spent time getting to know the Blair House, including Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Deputy Chief of Protocol Raymond P. Martinez.

34

Guidelines for Euthanasia of Rodents Using Carbon Dioxide Rodents must be euthanized by trained personnel using appropriate technique, equipment and  

E-print Network

1 Guidelines for Euthanasia of Rodents Using Carbon Dioxide Rodents must be euthanized by trained, euthanasia should not be performed in the animal room. The euthanasia method must be appropriate to the most recent AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia.1 CO2 inhalation is the most common method of euthanasia used

Bandettini, Peter A.

35

38. NORTHEAST ROOM, SECOND FLOOR, SOUTH WALL. ROOM COMPLETELY WALLED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

38. NORTHEAST ROOM, SECOND FLOOR, SOUTH WALL. ROOM COMPLETELY WALLED WITH RANDOM WIDTH BOARDS WHICH WERE PAPERED OR PLASTERED OVER. THIS WAS TYPICAL THROUGHOUT HOUSE EXCEPT FOR WOOD PANELED WALLS - John Mark Verdier House, 801 Bay & Scott Streets, Beaufort, Beaufort County, SC

36

Rodent Research-1 Validation of Rodent Hardware  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To achieve novel science objectives, validation of a rodent habitat on ISS will enable - In-flight analyses during long duration spaceflight- Use of genetically altered animals- Application of modern analytical techniques (e.g. genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics)

Globus, Ruth; Beegle, Janet

2013-01-01

37

Thomas Aldrich House  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wm. Mckenzie Woodward describes it as an asymmetrical four bay Federal style house that was moved to Power Street from 39 Benevolent Street in 1950 to make room for the Wriston Quadrangle of Brown University. While it was built by Aldrich, a painter, the house was occupied by Sarah Helen Whitman as a literary salon, seance parlor and sanitarium for

Chet Smolski

1974-01-01

38

APPLYING FOR HOUSING The University's Campus Housing Office processes housing applications,  

E-print Network

and television rooms, vending machines, lounges, and study rooms. Dining facilities are close to all areas be reasonably sure that housing will be available when they enter school the following fall. Many students can be made. Each year, a number of housing recipients do not come to school, or come but do not stay

MacAdam, Keith

39

APPLYING FOR HOUSING The University's Campus Housing Office processes housing applications,  

E-print Network

to laundry facilities, game and television rooms, vending machines, lounges, and study rooms. Dining 1 can be reasonably sure that housing will be available when they enter school the following fall can be made. Each year, a number of housing recipients do not come to school, or come but do not stay

MacAdam, Keith

40

Rodents as reservoirs of parasites in India.  

PubMed

We monitored the prevalence of endoparasitic infections of rodents in Punjab State, India, between January 2004 and December 2005. Three species of wild rodents, namely the house rat, Rattus rattus (n= 42), the lesser bandicoot rat, Bandicota bengalensis (n= 34) and the Indian gerbil, Tatera indica (n= 15), were live-captured from houses and crop fields. Examination of various organs revealed that the highest rates of endoparasitic infection occurred in R. rattus (40.5%), followed by B. bengalensis (35.3 %) and then T. indica (20.0%), with an overall infection rate of 35.2%. All three rodent species were found naturally infected with one or more species of helminths. Metacestodes (1-6) of Cysticercus fasciolaris (larvae of Taenia taeniaeformis) were found in all three rodent species (in the liver). In one male T. indica, numerous robust T. taeniaeformis metacestodes were found in oval sacs attached to the mesentery and the abdominal wall, an unusual site. The cauda epididymal fluid of the same gerbil was also found to be infected with a very rare species of strongylid nematode, which could not be identified to genus or species level. It is possible that this nematode is transmitted sexually and thus may affect the reproductive potential of gerbils. This appears to be the first report of this phenomenon. In one B. bengalensis individual, the intestine was found to be obstructed with an acanthocephalan, Moniliformis moniliformis, with concurrent infection with C. fasciolaris in the form of multiple cysts in the liver. Although no natural protozoan infection was found in these field rodents, experimental Trypanosoma evansi infection has been established in all three species with high pathogenicity, and the possibility of sexual transmission was supported by the presence of T. evansi in the cauda epididymal fluid of male rats. PMID:21396047

Singla, Lachhman D; Singla, Neena; Parshad, Vir R; Juyal, Prayag D; Sood, Naresh K

2008-03-01

41

30. ROOM A (WEST ROOM), SOUTHEAST CORNER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. The ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. ROOM A (WEST ROOM), SOUTHEAST CORNER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. The south exterior doors are at right. Note the door closer pulley and weight box still in place. The doorway at left leads to the Main Meeting Room. The overdoor paneling probably was added c.1892. Note the capped gas pipe to the right of the exterior doors. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

42

Rodent borne diseases and their fleas in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt.  

PubMed

A preliminary survey of domestic rodent borne diseases and their fleas was carried out in ten centers of Menofiya (Quesna, Shebeen El-Kom, Berka El-Saabe, El-Bagour, El-Shohada, Tala, Menoff, Searth El-Lian, Ashmon and El-Sadat) Governorate, Egypt. Rodent index (number of rodent / trap) and percentage frequency of different rodent species were recorded in spring (2009). The main species was Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus, the grey-bellied rat, R. rattus alexandrinus, the white- bellied rat, R. rattus frugivorus and the house mouse, Mus musculus. Searth El-Lian center showed the highest existing rodent- index, while Quesna center showed the lowest existing rodent-index. The Norway rat, R. norvegicus showed higher frequency at Shebeen El-Kom, Berka El-Saabe, El-Baguur, Searth El-Lian and El-Sadat. R. rattus alexandrinus showed higher frequency at Tala center, while Rattus rattusfrugivorus showed higher frequency at El-Shohada, Menoff and Ashmon. M. masculus showed the lower frequency at all centers. The common flea species attacking rodents at all centers were: the oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, the mouse flea, Lyptopsylla segnis and the dog flea, Ctenocephalides canis. The flea index (number of flea/rodent) at Searth El-Lian was the highest, while Shebeen El- Kom showed the lowest index. The oriental rat flea, X. cheopis was the highest frequency distribution for all domestic rodent species studied while, the dog flea, C.s canis was the lowest. The adult rodents showed the higher frequency with fleas than juveniles. PMID:20503591

Soliman, Mohamed Ismail; Abd El-Halim, Azza S; Mikhail, Micheal W

2010-04-01

43

The largest fossil rodent  

PubMed Central

The discovery of an exceptionally well-preserved skull permits the description of the new South American fossil species of the rodent, Josephoartigasia monesi sp. nov. (family: Dinomyidae; Rodentia: Hystricognathi: Caviomorpha). This species with estimated body mass of nearly 1000?kg is the largest yet recorded. The skull sheds new light on the anatomy of the extinct giant rodents of the Dinomyidae, which are known mostly from isolated teeth and incomplete mandible remains. The fossil derives from San José Formation, Uruguay, usually assigned to the Pliocene–Pleistocene (4–2?Myr ago), and the proposed palaeoenvironment where this rodent lived was characterized as an estuarine or deltaic system with forest communities. PMID:18198140

Rinderknecht, Andres; Blanco, R. Ernesto

2008-01-01

44

[Strategies for sustainable management of commensal rodents. Definitions of control objectives at communal level].  

PubMed

The German Act on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases in Man (Infektionsschutzgesetz, IfSG) provides a legal framework for activities and responsibilities concerning communal rodent control. However, actual governance of communal rodent control is relatively heterogeneous, as federal states (Bundesländer) have different or even no regulations for prevention and management of commensal rodent infestations (e.g. brown rats, roof rats and house mice). Control targets and control requirements are rarely precisely defined and often do not go beyond general measures and objectives. Although relevant regulations provide information about agreed preventive measures against rodents, the concept of sustainability is not expressed as such. A centrally managed database-supported municipal rodent control is a key factor for sustainability because it allows a systematic and analytical approach to identify and reduce rodent populations. The definition of control objectives and their establishment in legal decrees is mandatory for the implementation of a sustainable management strategy of rodent populations at a local level. Systematic recording of rodent infestations through municipal-operated monitoring provides the essential data foundation for a targeted rodent management which is already implemented in some German and European cities and nationwide in Denmark. A sustainable rodent management includes a more targeted rodenticide application which in the long-term will lead to an overall reduction of rodenticide use. Thus, the benefits of sustainable rodent management will be a reduction of rodenticide exposure to the environment, prevention of resistance and long-term economical savings. PMID:24781906

Plenge-Bönig, A; Schmolz, E

2014-05-01

45

Page 1 of 4 $400 Housing Deposit  

E-print Network

________________________ _______________________ _______ _________________________ Last Name First Name M.I. Preferred Name __________________ Gender: Female Male Life reserves the right to reassign student rooms at any time. ALASKA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY HOUSING

Scheel, David

46

TECHNIQUES IN ASEPTIC RODENT SURGERY  

PubMed Central

Performing aseptic survival surgery in rodents can be challenging. This unit describes some basic principles to assist clinicians, researchers, and technicians in becoming proficient in performing aseptic rodent surgery. PMID:18729061

Hoogstraten-Miller, Shelley L.; Brown, Patricia A.

2008-01-01

47

Room Acoustics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traditional task of room acoustics is to create or formulate conditions which ensure the best possible propagation of sound in a room from a sound source to a listener. Thus, objects of room acoustics are in particular assembly halls of all kinds, such as auditoria and lecture halls, conference rooms, theaters, concert halls or churches. Already at this point, it has to be pointed out that these conditions essentially depend on the question if speech or music should be transmitted; in the first case, the criterion for transmission quality is good speech intelligibility, in the other case, however, the success of room-acoustical efforts depends on other factors that cannot be quantified that easily, not least it also depends on the hearing habits of the listeners. In any case, absolutely "good acoustics" of a room do not exist.

Kuttruff, Heinrich; Mommertz, Eckard

48

EXTERIOR PERSPECTIVE OF TOWER HOUSE, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. (The building?s interior ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

EXTERIOR PERSPECTIVE OF TOWER HOUSE, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. (The building?s interior space is divided into three rooms: the workshop, the mill room, and the tank house. In the tower, the original wood tank that fed water to the Harmon house and the milk house still remains.) - Engle Farm, Tank House, 89 South Ebey Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

49

APPLYING FOR HOUSING The University's Campus Housing Office processes housing applications,  

E-print Network

, vending machines, lounges, and study rooms. Dining facilities are close to all areas of campus. Smoking be reasonably sure that housing will be available when they enter school the following fall. Many students year, a number of housing recipients do not come to school, or come but do not stay, creating vacancies

MacAdam, Keith

50

12. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM, SHOWING LOW CABINET TEAT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM, SHOWING LOW CABINET TEAT HOUSES HYDRAULIC CYLINDER AND CLOSET AT LEFT THAT HOUSES OPERATING VALVE, LOOKING NORTHEAST - 72 Marlborough Street, Residential Hydraulic Elevator, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

51

The Blue Room in the White House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will learn the definition of an ellipse and how to produce a graph of an ellipse, find the equation of an ellipse using the endpoints of the major and minor axes, and find the coordinates of the foci and the eccentricity of an ellipse.

2010-01-01

52

3. GENERAL VIEW OF BOILER ROOM, LOOKING NORTH; CONTROL PANEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. GENERAL VIEW OF BOILER ROOM, LOOKING NORTH; CONTROL PANEL AT CENTER; BOXLIKE, RIVETED HOUSING AT TOP CENTER CONTAINED AUGER FOR COAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM - Rath Packing Company, Boiler Room, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

53

Design of the CTX diagnostics screen room  

SciTech Connect

The design of a shielded enclosure (or screen room) to house data acquisition equipment in an area in which substantial, time varying magnetic fields are present and capable of producing significant interference is described.

Chandler, G.I. II

1981-01-01

54

Interior of the shipping room with doorway leading to processing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior of the shipping room with doorway leading to processing room. A pass-through window with conveyor allowed the fresh packed oysters to be sent from the processing room into the shipping room. - J.C. Lore Oyster House, 14430 Solomons Island Road, Solomons, Calvert County, MD

55

Crepuscular Rhythms of EEG Sleep-Wake in a Hystricomorph Rodent, Octodon degus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sleep-wake circadian rhythms are well documented for nocturnal rodents, but little is known about sleep regulation in diurnal or crepuscular rodent species. This study examined the circadian sleep-wake rhythms in Octodon degus by means of electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis. Recordings were made from animals housed with or without running wheels in the cages. In a 24-h light-dark (LD) cycle (LD 12:12),

Martien J. H. Kas; Dale M. Edgar

1998-01-01

56

Sublingual vein injection in rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY A simple and rapid technique for intravenous IllJection into the sub- lingual veins of common laboratory rodents is described. No prior pre- paration other than light anaesthesia is required and repeated injections can be made into the same vein. 35 The major problem associated with intravenous administration in common laboratory rodents is the inaccessibility of the veins. In most

H. B. Waynforth; R. Parkin

1969-01-01

57

Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some of the efforts of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA) to preserve, conserve, and interpret historic houses to the public. Examines the history and some of the specific preservation problems concerning the Beauport Cottage, the Sayward-Wheeler House, and the Gropius House. (MJP)

Curtis, Nancy

1997-01-01

58

7. DETAIL OF STONEWORK AND PASSAGE FROM SOUTH ROOM OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. DETAIL OF STONEWORK AND PASSAGE FROM SOUTH ROOM OF FAN HOUSE TO FAN ROOM, LOOKING NORTH - Sublet Mine No. 6, Fan House, North structure, west side of Willow Creek Valley, east of County Road No. 306, 3 miles north of U.S. Highway 189, Kemmerer, Lincoln County, WY

59

78 FR 41074 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student Competition AGENCY: Office...Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW., Room 4176, Washington, DC...Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student Competition. OMB...

2013-07-09

60

2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION For the 2012 Summer school session, residence hall housing will be available in Woodlawn  

E-print Network

to the Student Development office no later than Friday, April 20 for housing beginning Term 1. Prices and term2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION For the 2012 Summer school session, residence hall housing will be available in Woodlawn Hall. The summer residence hall housing contract, along with room and board costs

Bogaerts, Steven

61

Blood glucose concentration in caviomorph rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hystricomorph rodents are a group of species that belong to the suborder Hystricognathi. They mainly inhabit South American (caviomorph) and African (phiomorph) habitats. This group of rodents has a divergent insulin structure. For example, insulin in this group of rodents exhibits only 1–10% of biological activity in comparison to other mammals. Therefore, hystricomorph rodents may hypothetically be unable to regulate

Juan C. Opazo; Mauricio Soto-Gamboa; Francisco Bozinovic

2004-01-01

62

Camera Trapping: A Contemporary Approach to Monitoring Invasive Rodents in High Conservation Priority Ecosystems  

PubMed Central

Invasive rodent species have established on 80% of the world's islands causing significant damage to island environments. Insular ecosystems support proportionally more biodiversity than comparative mainland areas, highlighting them as critical for global biodiversity conservation. Few techniques currently exist to adequately detect, with high confidence, species that are trap-adverse such as the black rat, Rattus rattus, in high conservation priority areas where multiple non-target species persist. This study investigates the effectiveness of camera trapping for monitoring invasive rodents in high conservation areas, and the influence of habitat features and density of colonial-nesting seabirds on rodent relative activity levels to provide insights into their potential impacts. A total of 276 camera sites were established and left in situ for 8 days. Identified species were recorded in discrete 15 min intervals, referred to as ‘events’. In total, 19 804 events were recorded. From these, 31 species were identified comprising 25 native species and six introduced. Two introduced rodent species were detected: the black rat (90% of sites), and house mouse Mus musculus (56% of sites). Rodent activity of both black rats and house mice were positively associated with the structural density of habitats. Density of seabird burrows was not strongly associated with relative activity levels of rodents, yet rodents were still present in these areas. Camera trapping enabled a large number of rodents to be detected with confidence in site-specific absences and high resolution to quantify relative activity levels. This method enables detection of multiple species simultaneously with low impact (for both target and non-target individuals); an ideal strategy for monitoring trap-adverse invasive rodents in high conservation areas. PMID:24599307

Rendall, Anthony R.; Sutherland, Duncan R.; Cooke, Raylene; White, John

2014-01-01

63

The allometry of rodent intestines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the allometry of the small intestine, caecum, colon and large intestine of rodents (n = 51) using a phylogenetically informed approach. Strong phylogenetic signal was detected in the data for the caecum, colon\\u000a and large intestine, but not for the small intestine. Most of the phylogenetic signal could be attributed to clade effects\\u000a associated with herbivorous versus omnivorous rodents.

Barry G. Lovegrove

2010-01-01

64

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum Of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

65

The intact immature rodent uterotrophic bioassay: possible effects on assay sensitivity of vomeronasal signals from male rodents and strain differences.  

PubMed

The vomeronasal organ in rodents is an important social and sexual signaling pathway. We have investigated whether the housing of intact immature females in close proximity to mature males would interfere with the sensitivity of the immature rodent uterotrophic bioassay as the result of vomeronasal signals transmitted by male urinary proteins. The hypothesis was that the proximity of males might induce early puberty, thereby increasing mean uterine weight and reducing the responsiveness of the assay. The hypothesis was tested in both rats and mice by housing mature males above immature females, separated only by a wire screen, for 3 days and determining possible changes in uterine weight. The results were negative. Neither the mean uterine weight nor the group mean standard deviation of the uterine weights were changed in the uterotrophic bioassay. Given that the timing of sexual maturation may vary with the strain of mouse used, we also evaluated the sensitivity of the immature mouse uterotrophic assay to diethylstilbestrol (DES) using four strains of mice. Similar sensitivity was observed for the CD-1, C57Bl6, and Alpk strains, but B6CBF(1) mice were marginally less sensitive to DES than were the other strains. These findings add to earlier data indicating the robustness of the rodent uterotrophic assay protocol. PMID:12948899

Ashby, John; Owens, William; Odum, Jenny; Tinwell, Helen

2003-09-01

66

43. TRACES OF ORIGINAL PARTITIONS AT JUNCTURE OF FRONT ROOM, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

43. TRACES OF ORIGINAL PARTITIONS AT JUNCTURE OF FRONT ROOM, REAR ROOM AND HALL, SECOND FLOOR. ALSO SHOWS ORIGINAL STUCCO CORNICE OF FRONT AND REAR ROOMS (LEFT) AND HALL (RIGHT) - Kid-Chandler House, 323 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

67

A forced-air ventilation system for rodent cages.  

PubMed

A novel forced-air ventilation system for rodent cages was developed. The apparatus was operated at an air flow rate of 56 L/min when used with a 230 mm wide X 450 mm long X 165 mm deep cage. Air velocity measurements in the cage did not exceed 8 m/min at animal (rat) height. The average NH3 concentration in a cage which housed two 250 g rats was less than 0.3 ppm at the end of the third day, whereas the concentration measured in a cage without the forced-air ventilation system was 150 ppm after 3 days. Tests of the water content of soiled bedding showed the forced-air ventilation system to provide a much drier environment for the rodents. PMID:4057945

Wu, D Y; Joiner, G N; McFarland, A R

1985-10-01

68

Landscape features influencing residential rodent control and animal movement in two urban areas of California  

EPA Science Inventory

Residential ?pest? control of both native (e.g., gophers, rabbits) and exotic (e.g., black and Norway rats, house mice) species may impact populations of non-target species inadvertently. We evaluated relationships among animal movement, rodent control, and landscape features in...

69

Urban landscape features influencing rodent control and animal movement in two urban areas of California  

EPA Science Inventory

?Pest? control of both native (e.g., gophers) and exotic (e.g., black rats, house mice) species may impact populations of non-target species inadvertently. We evaluated relationships among animal movement, rodent control, and landscape features in two urban locations in Californ...

70

Testosterone Suppresses Circadian Responsiveness to Social Cues in the Diurnal Rodent Octodon degus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diurnal, social rodent Octodon degus displays a robust sex difference in the ability to use social cues to facilitate reentrainment following a phase advance of the light cycle. Adult females housed with a female social cue donor reentrained 25% to 40% faster than did females reentraining alone. However, reentrainment rates of males were unaffected by exposure to female social

Tammy J. Jechura; Jacquelynn M. Walsh; Theresa M. Lee

2003-01-01

71

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

72

Probing perceptual decisions in rodents  

PubMed Central

The study of perceptual decision-making offers insight into how the brain uses complex, sometimes ambiguous information to guide actions. Understanding the underlying processes and their neural bases requires that one pair recordings and manipulations of neural activity with rigorous psychophysics. Though this research has been traditionally performed in primates, it seems increasingly promising to pursue it at least partly in mice and rats. However, rigorous psychophysical methods are not yet as developed for these rodents as they are for primates. Here we give a brief overview of the sensory capabilities of rodents and of their cortical areas devoted to sensation and decision. We then review methods of psychophysics, focusing on the technical issues that arise in their implementation in rodents. These methods represent a rich set of challenges and opportunities. PMID:23799475

Carandini, Matteo; Churchland, Anne K

2014-01-01

73

Robie House Interior Restoration Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Robie House, Frank Lloyd Wright's masterpiece in the neighborhood of Hyde Park in the city of Chicago, is slowly being restored to its 1910 splendor. The Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust website has an outstanding virtual tour of the house. The first room shown is "Dining Room East", where visitors can see a photo of what it looked liked in "1910", and then by clicking on "Acquisition", visitors can see what it looked like when the Trust acquired it in 1997. Clicking on the "i" (found on the bottom left of each photo) will bring up an informative explanation of the various pieces in the room, such as "Flooring", "Table and Runners", and "Color". Since much of the furniture, fixtures and rugs were long since taken from the house, the Trust will be using the many photographs of the house to recreate the furniture, lighting, fabrics, etc. Visitors should not miss the most stunning picture on the tour, which is "Light Fixtures". Wright's work with George Mann Niedecken on the interior colors of the house, written about in "Articles" on the homepage, combine well with the lighting of the fixtures to produce a beautiful ambience.

74

Housing Preferences among Adults with Dual Diagnoses in Different Stages of Treatment and Housing Types  

PubMed Central

Housing is an essential component of psychiatric rehabilitation, particularly for consumers with dual diagnoses. Research has not clearly examined why and when consumers prefer different types of housing. This exploratory study examined 1) whether housing preferences differ between stage of treatment for substance abuse, 2) whether consumers who prefer certain housing types have preferences for certain characteristics, and 3) whether consumers living in different types of housing report differences in social support, choice, and housing satisfaction. A total of 103 participants living in supervised housing (n= 65), independent apartment housing (n= 22), single room occupancy hotels (n= 11), and with family (n= 5) completed self-report questionnaires. Results showed that 1) the majority of participants preferred their own apartment or house across different stages of treatment, 2) preference for supervised housing was associated with on-site staff and peer support while preference for apartment housing was associated with autonomy and privacy, and 3) consumers in single room occupancies reported the least choice and lowest satisfaction. These findings contribute to the understanding of consumers’ housing preferences and the differences consumers perceive between certain housing types. PMID:21415937

Tsai, Jack; Bond, Gary R.; Davis, Kristin E.

2010-01-01

75

House types for high-density urban housing  

SciTech Connect

Design proposals are given for 28 house types for low-rise, high-density urban structure and for 3 neighborhoods based upon these principles. Main features of the house are: (a) living spaces oriented south regardless of the orientation of access streets; (b) clustering of houses to maximize solar penetration and minimize overshadowing; (c) form of houses and their clustering designed to minimize external surface area of units to reduce energy loss in winter and gain in summer; (d) high densities to reduce distances and vehicular movement, and to encourage walking, and for efficient land use; (e) small lots of appropriate shape to permit high densities and economies of infrastructure; (f) minimum road and parking surface areas to reduce ambient temperatures in summer by using garages and multi-loading of access streets. Neighborhood characteristics include: (a) all living rooms facing south; (b) individual houses on the ground with compact gardens; (c) high density development with small lots; and (d) houses with and without integral garages, interrelated vehicular and pedestrian circulation. Each house type and neighborhood is briefly described and for each house and neighborhood is given complete drawings including elevations, sections, isometrics and plans and scale models. (LEW)

Land, P.

1982-06-01

76

Rodent Control: Seal Up! Trap Up! Clean Up!  

MedlinePLUS

... the home to help reduce the rodent population... Clean Up! Clean up rodent food sources and nesting sites... Diseases from ... up after rodents Take precautions before and during clean up of rodent-infested areas. Before cleaning, trap the ...

77

Housing Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Understanding the variegated terrain of local and state housing policies is key for urban planners, geographers, and others with an interest in the built environment and public policy. This site was created by the Center for Housing Policy (the research affiliate of the National Housing Conference) in order to provide information for "expanding the availability of homes for working families and others in your community." The site was launched in 2008, and includes sections such as Toolbox, Building a Strategy, and Forum. The Getting Started area provides answers to basic questions such as "What is 'affordable housing'?" and "What is 'subsidized housing'?" Moving on, the Toolbox area includes documents and summaries on specific policy tools designed for a variety of reasons, from meeting the housing needs of older adults to improving residential energy efficiency. Visitors won't want to miss the Building a Strategy area. Here they will find information about how to create a successful housing strategy that will provide residential units for a range of community members.

2012-04-20

78

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

79

Allometric disparity in rodent evolution  

PubMed Central

In this study, allometric trajectories for 51 rodent species, comprising equal representatives from each of the major clades (Ctenohystrica, Muroidea, Sciuridae), are compared in a multivariate morphospace (=allometric space) to quantify magnitudes of disparity in cranial growth. Variability in allometric trajectory patterns was compared to measures of adult disparity in each clade, and dietary habit among the examined species, which together encapsulated an ecomorphological breadth. Results indicate that the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents is characterized by different features in sciurids compared with muroids and Ctenohystrica. Sciuridae was found to have a reduced magnitude of inter-trajectory change and growth patterns with less variation in allometric coefficient values among members. In contrast, a greater magnitude of difference between trajectories and an increased variation in allometric coefficient values was evident for both Ctenohystrica and muroids. Ctenohystrica and muroids achieved considerably higher adult disparities than sciurids, suggesting that conservatism in allometric trajectory modification may constrain morphological diversity in rodents. The results provide support for a role of ecology (dietary habit) in the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents. PMID:23610638

Wilson, Laura A B

2013-01-01

80

Allometric disparity in rodent evolution.  

PubMed

In this study, allometric trajectories for 51 rodent species, comprising equal representatives from each of the major clades (Ctenohystrica, Muroidea, Sciuridae), are compared in a multivariate morphospace (=allometric space) to quantify magnitudes of disparity in cranial growth. Variability in allometric trajectory patterns was compared to measures of adult disparity in each clade, and dietary habit among the examined species, which together encapsulated an ecomorphological breadth. Results indicate that the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents is characterized by different features in sciurids compared with muroids and Ctenohystrica. Sciuridae was found to have a reduced magnitude of inter-trajectory change and growth patterns with less variation in allometric coefficient values among members. In contrast, a greater magnitude of difference between trajectories and an increased variation in allometric coefficient values was evident for both Ctenohystrica and muroids. Ctenohystrica and muroids achieved considerably higher adult disparities than sciurids, suggesting that conservatism in allometric trajectory modification may constrain morphological diversity in rodents. The results provide support for a role of ecology (dietary habit) in the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents. PMID:23610638

Wilson, Laura A B

2013-04-01

81

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

82

8. EXTERIOR VIEW OF BALTIMORE FAN HOUSE LOOKING NORTHEAST The ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. EXTERIOR VIEW OF BALTIMORE FAN HOUSE LOOKING NORTHEAST The engine room and south airway are in the foreground. The brick walls covering the fan housing and brick upshaft chimney are in the background. The engine room, fan housing, and airways are covered with reinforced concrete roofing. In the left foreground is an airlock leading into the airway. - Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex, South side of Susquehanna River at Route 115 & Riechard Street, Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, PA

83

NIH POLICY MANUAL 3043-1 -Introduction of Rodents, Rodent Products and Rodent Pathogens  

E-print Network

. · NIH Manual System, contact the Office of Management Assessment, OM, on (301) 496- 4606 · Online poses a risk to both established rodent colonies and to the humans who come into contact with infected colonies and research mission. It is the goal of this policy to establish a dynamic balance between

Bandettini, Peter A.

84

OBVERSE VIEW OF TN24911, LOOKING BACK FROM THE NORTHEAST ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

OBVERSE VIEW OF TN-249-11, LOOKING BACK FROM THE NORTHEAST ROOM TO THE STAIR HALL. THE DOOR TO THE NORTH (DINING) ROOM LIES AS LEFT - Hilderbrand House, 4571 Airways Boulevard, Memphis, Shelby County, TN

85

6. NORTHWEST INTERIOR VIEW IN SOUTHEAST ROOM WITH SINK AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. NORTHWEST INTERIOR VIEW IN SOUTHEAST ROOM WITH SINK AND WORK STATION - Juniata Mill Complex, Camp Bunk House, 22.5 miles Southwest of Hawthorne, between Aurora Crater & Aurora Peak, Hawthorne, Mineral County, NV

86

28. INTERIOR OF UTILITY ROOM SHOWING STORAGE CLOSET AT PHOTO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. INTERIOR OF UTILITY ROOM SHOWING STORAGE CLOSET AT PHOTO CENTER LEFT AND HOT WATER HEATER CLOSET AT PHOTO CENTER RIGHT. VIEW TO EAST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 6, Cashbaugh-Kilpatrick House, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

87

5. FIRST FLOOR, SOUTHWEST ROOM, TIMBER FRAMING AND WATTLE AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. FIRST FLOOR, SOUTHWEST ROOM, TIMBER FRAMING AND WATTLE AND DAUB IN SOUTH WALL LOOKING SOUTH - Stiegel House, East side State Route 419, North of intersection of State Route 419 & State Route 897 (Heidelberg Township), Schaefferstown, Lebanon County, PA

88

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE SINGLE PANEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE SINGLE PANEL DOOR TO THE BEDROOM AND THE FRONT ENTRY DOOR WITH VISION PANEL. VIEW FACING SOUTH. - Hickam Field, NCO Housing Type 6, 212 Eleventh Street, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

89

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE IRON STAIR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE IRON STAIR RAILING AND A PORTION OF THE FRONT DOOR WITH VISION PANEL. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST. - Hickam Field, NCO Housing Type 8, 212E Thirteenth Street, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

90

13. SECOND FLOOR, NORTHWEST ROOM, NORTH WALL, VIEW SHOWING DIFFERENT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. SECOND FLOOR, NORTHWEST ROOM, NORTH WALL, VIEW SHOWING DIFFERENT PHASES OF CONSTRUCTION. NOTE RAFTER OF PERIOD BEFORE ROOF WAS RAISED AND THE HOUSE ENLARGED. - Charles' Gift, State Routes 2 & 4, Lusby, Calvert County, MD

91

Closet with insulators on south side of engine room second ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Closet with insulators on south side of engine room second floor, view facing south-southeast - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Power House, Near Seventh Street, between Avenues D & E, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

92

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT ROOM (WHERE MARTIN LUTHER KING MADE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT ROOM (WHERE MARTIN LUTHER KING MADE PLANS FOR HIS MOVEMENT) - Penn School Historic District, Arnett House, SC Route 37, 1 mile South of Frogmore, St. Helena Island, Frogmore, Beaufort County, SC

93

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT SOUTHWEST CORNER ROOM WITH STAIRWAY TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT SOUTHWEST CORNER ROOM WITH STAIRWAY TO SECOND FLOOR - Penn School Historic District, Benezet House, 1 mile South of Frogmore, Route 37, St Helena Island, Frogmore, Beaufort County, SC

94

4. LARGE MEETING ROOM, SOUTH WALL, FIREPLACE AND PAINTING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. LARGE MEETING ROOM, SOUTH WALL, FIREPLACE AND PAINTING - Penn School Historic District, Frissell Community House, SC Route 37, 1 mile South of Frogmore, St. Helena Island, Frogmore, Beaufort County, SC

95

32. INTERIOR VIEW, MUSIC ROOM LOCATED AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. INTERIOR VIEW, MUSIC ROOM LOCATED AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF THE HOUSE ON THE FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING TO THE FIREPLACE IN THE EAST WALL - Arlington Place, 331 Cotton Avenue, Southwest, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

96

19. ROOM 34 AT WEST END OF LABORATORY, THAT FORMERLY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. ROOM 34 AT WEST END OF LABORATORY, THAT FORMERLY HOUSED ROCK CUTTING EQUIPMENT. NOTE BLACKED OUT ORIGINAL WINDOW AT LEFT. - U.S. Geological Survey, Rock Magnetics Laboratory, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, San Mateo County, CA

97

24. Detail, typical interior door, from living room to master ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. Detail, typical interior door, from living room to master bedroom; view to south; 135mm lens with electronic flash illumination. - Warner Hutton House, 13495 Sousa Lane, Saratoga, Santa Clara County, CA

98

20. Living room, view to east wall and pocket doors ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. Living room, view to east wall and pocket doors to front parlor; view to east; 65mm lens with electronic flash illumination. - Warner Hutton House, 13495 Sousa Lane, Saratoga, Santa Clara County, CA

99

VIEW OF THE BOILER ROOM WITH STACK TO THE LEFT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF THE BOILER ROOM WITH STACK TO THE LEFT AND NORTH END OF THE BAGASSE STORE HOUSE TO THE RIGHT. VIEW FROM THE WEST - Kekaha Sugar Company, Sugar Mill Building, 8315 Kekaha Road, Kekaha, Kauai County, HI

100

4. INTERIOR VIEW OF GENERATING ROOM, SHOWING PENSTOCKS, TURBINES AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. INTERIOR VIEW OF GENERATING ROOM, SHOWING PENSTOCKS, TURBINES AND GENERATORS, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. MOVABLE CRANE ON BEAM IS AT UPPER RIGHT REAR - Enloe Dam, Power House, On Similkameen River, Oroville, Okanogan County, WA

101

21. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, DETAIL OF CATERPILLAR DIESEL ENGINE DIRECTLY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, DETAIL OF CATERPILLAR DIESEL ENGINE DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO GENERAL ELECTRIC 15 KW DC GENERATOR (ON LEFT), 110 VOLTS, 136 AMPS, 1200 RPM. INSTALLED 1942. - Death Valley Ranch, Power House, Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

102

23. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, DETAIL OF FAIRBANKSMORSE DIESEL ENGINE, DIRECTLY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, DETAIL OF FAIRBANKS-MORSE DIESEL ENGINE, DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO FAIRBANKS-MORSE 30 KW DC GENERATOR, 125 VOLTS, 240 AMPS, 800 RPM. INSTALLED 1930. - Death Valley Ranch, Power House, Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

103

15. LIBRARY LOOKING NORTH TOWARD DRAWING ROOM (NOTE: THREE ENTRIES ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. LIBRARY LOOKING NORTH TOWARD DRAWING ROOM (NOTE: THREE ENTRIES TO LIBRARY FROM OUTSIDE; LEFT, RIGHT, AND BEHIND PHOTOGRAPHER) - Grove Farm, G. N. Wilcox House, Nawiliwili Road (State Route 58), Lihue, Kauai County, HI

104

25. MAIN MEETING ROOM STAIRWAY IN SOUTHEAST CORNER. Stairway seen ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. MAIN MEETING ROOM STAIRWAY IN SOUTHEAST CORNER. Stairway seen from below showing lath and plaster fireproofing applied to framing before treads and risers. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

105

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE ENTRY AND LIVING ROOM WINDOWS. NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE ENTRY AND LIVING ROOM WINDOWS. NOTE THE PAINTED WOOD VALANCE, MOLDED PANEL FRONT DOOR, AND THREE-PANEL SCREEN DOOR. VIEW FACING WEST. - Hickam Field, Officers' Housing Type B, 704 Julian Avenue, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

106

37. SECOND FLOOR FRONT ROOM, WINDOWS FACING ON WALNUT STREET ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. SECOND FLOOR FRONT ROOM, WINDOWS FACING ON WALNUT STREET (SOUTH), ORIGINAL PANELED FOLDING SHUTTERS AND HARDWARE. For a view of closed shutters see PA-1436 A-16 - Kid-Chandler House, 323 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

107

6. FIRST FLOOR REAR ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. FIRST FLOOR REAR ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED-- NOTE PRESENCE OF SECOND FLOOR WINDOWS AT LEFT. See also PA-1436 B-13 - Kid-Physick House, 325 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

108

13. FIRST FLOOR REAR ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. FIRST FLOOR REAR ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED-- NOTE PRESENCE OF SECOND FLOOR WINDOWS AT LEFT. See also PA-1436 B-6 - Kid-Physick House, 325 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

109

VIEW ON FIRST FLOOR, SHOWING TYPICAL ROOM WITH CLOSET AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW ON FIRST FLOOR, SHOWING TYPICAL ROOM WITH CLOSET AND DOUBLE-HUNG WINDOW LOOKING ONTO THE INTERIOR COURT, FACING EAST - Schwartz Bath House, 2201-2207 East First Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

110

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LANAI FROM THE LIVING ROOM. NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LANAI FROM THE LIVING ROOM. NOTE THE MULTI-LIGHT DOORS WITH DIVIDED TOP LIGHTS. VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST. - Hickam Field, Fort Kamehameha Officers' Housing Type Z, 19 Worchester Avenue, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

111

47. MCDONALD RANCH: VIEW OF THE FIRST FLOOR INNER ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

47. MCDONALD RANCH: VIEW OF THE FIRST FLOOR INNER ROOM OF ICE HOUSE, LOOKING TO NORTHWEST FROM STAIRWAY - White Sands Missile Range, Trinity Site, Vicinity of Routes 13 & 20, White Sands, Dona Ana County, NM

112

74. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

74. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE RIFLE AND CANNON POWDERS, DETAIL OF WOODEN DRYING ROOM DOORS WITH WOODEN HINGES AND BOLTS FOR SPARK PREVENTION. RINGS BY DOORS TURN ON HOT AIR FLOW TO DRYING ROOMS. NOTE GROUNDING WIRE FROM RING BRACKETS. RECORDING MACHINES BY DOORS RECORD HUMIDITY IN DRYING ROOMS. DRYING ROOMS ILLUMINATED ONLY BY EXPLOSION-PROOF LIGHTING LOCATED OUTSIDE OF ROOMS. NOTE WOODEN RAILROAD RAILS IN BACKGROUND FOR 3 FT. GUAGE CARS. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

113

VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT BUILDING 121. THE BUILDING HOUSES OFFICES, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT BUILDING 121. THE BUILDING HOUSES OFFICES, THE ROCKY FLATS PLANT CENTRAL ALARM STATION, ALARM CONSOLES, THE ARMORY, THE LOCK AND KEY SECTION, A COMPUTER ROOM, A UTILITY ROOM, AND LOCKER ROOMS WITH SHOWERS. (1/98) - Rocky Flats Plant, Security & Armory, West of Third Street, south of Central Avenue, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

114

Migrant Farmworker Housing Regulation Violations in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

Background The quality of housing provided to migrant farmworkers is often criticized, but few studies have investigated these housing conditions. This analysis examines housing regulation violations experienced by migrant farmworkers in North Carolina, and the associations of camp characteristics with the presence of housing violations. Methods Data were collected in183 eastern North Carolina migrant farmworker camps in 2010. Housing regulation violations for the domains of camp, sleeping room, bathroom, kitchen, laundry room, and general housing, as well as total violations were assessed using North Carolina Department of Labor standards. Results Violations of housing regulations were common, ranging from 4 to 22 per camp. Housing regulation violations were common in all domains; the mean number of camp violations was 1.6, of sleeping room violations was 3.8, of bathroom violations was 4.5, of kitchen violations was 2.3, of laundry room violations was 1.2, and of general housing violations was 3.1. The mean number of total housing violations was 11.4. Several camp characteristics were consistently associated with the number of violations; camps with workers having H-2A visas, with North Carolina Department of Labor Certificates of Inspection posted, and assessed early in the season had fewer violations. Conclusions These results argue for regulatory changes to improve the quality of housing provided to migrant farmworkers, including stronger regulations and the more vigorous enforcement of existing regulations. PMID:22237961

Arcury, Thomas A.; Weir, Maria; Chen, Haiying; Summers, Phillip; Pelletier, Lori E.; Galván, Leonardo; Bischoff, Werner E.; Mirabelli, Maria C.; Quandt, Sara A.

2013-01-01

115

Housing Market Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing submarkets are typically defined as geographic areas where the price per unit of housing quantity (defined using some index of housing characteristics) is constant. This paper defines housing markets as geographic areas where (1) the price of housing (per unit of service) is constant and (2) individual housing characteristics are available for purchase. We examine housing market segmentation within

Allen C. Goodman; Thomas G. Thibodeau

1998-01-01

116

Housing Tips for International Students Oncampus Housing  

E-print Network

Life website www.fau.edu/housing or at housing@fau.edu (Boca) and JupiterHousing@fau.edu (Jupiter housing at FAU is available on the Boca Raton Campus and the MacArthur (Jupiter) Campus. Oncampus housing involved with the university, make friends, and have the full university life experience. You must apply

Fernandez, Eduardo

117

Affordable housing  

SciTech Connect

This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

Not Available

1989-01-01

118

11. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM IN BASEMENT BELOW SHAFT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM IN BASEMENT BELOW SHAFT SHOWING LOW CABINET THAT HOUSES HYDRAULIC CYLINDER AND CLOSET THAT HOUSES TRAVELING SHEAVES AT RIGHT, WITH CABINET AND CLOSET DOORS OPEN, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - 72 Marlborough Street, Residential Hydraulic Elevator, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

119

10. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM IN BASEMENT BELOW SHAFT, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM IN BASEMENT BELOW SHAFT, SHOWING LOW CABINET THAT HOUSES HYDRAULIC CYLINDER AND CLOSET THAT HOUSES TRAVELING SHEAVES AT RIGHT; OPERATING CABLE SHEAVE AT TOP OF PICTURE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - 72 Marlborough Street, Residential Hydraulic Elevator, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

120

6. STEEL DOORS AND PASSAGES IN SOUTH ROOM OF FAN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. STEEL DOORS AND PASSAGES IN SOUTH ROOM OF FAN HOUSE THAT REGULATE FLOW OF AIR - Sublet Mine No. 6, Fan House, North structure, west side of Willow Creek Valley, east of County Road No. 306, 3 miles north of U.S. Highway 189, Kemmerer, Lincoln County, WY

121

Prospects for biological control of rodent populations*  

PubMed Central

Pathogens and predatory animals are the main agents used for the biological control of rodents. The pathogens that have been used are of the genus Salmonella; none is rodent-specific and all can cause severe infection in man and domestic animals. Furthermore, rodents frequently develop immunity to, and become carriers of, these organisms, and there is little to commend their use, except in lightly populated areas where control is infrequently applied. The relationships of five predator species with their rodent prey have been examined. The monitor lizard, mongoose, and ferret were for different reasons found to be unsatisfactory, and there is not yet sufficient evidence to warrant further releases of the Japanese weasel. Domestic and feral cats control rodents well in some situations but only after some other agent has removed a large part of the rodent population. PMID:4587482

Wodzicki, Kazimierz

1973-01-01

122

Prediction of rodent carcinogenicity for 30 chemicals.  

PubMed Central

Predictions of carcinogenic activity are made for 30 chemicals currently being assessed for rodent carcinogenicity by the U.S. National Toxicology Program. The predictions are based upon the chemical structure, the anticipated or reported mutagenicity, and the reported sub-chronic toxicity of each chemical. It is predicted that 13 chemicals will be noncarcinogenic to rodents, that 7 will be genotoxic carcinogens, and that 10 may show some evidence of presumed nongenotoxic rodent carcinogenesis. PMID:8933060

Ashby, J

1996-01-01

123

Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional dormitories are out of step with the concepts of higher education that make the 4 years of college a cultural and social experience as well as a period for gathering information on academic topics. These experiences are not served well in twin-bed rooms lined along both sides of corridors that lead only to stairwells or gang bathrooms.…

Educational Facilities Labs., Inc., New York, NY.

124

Interior view of east room in original tworoom portion. Note ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior view of east room in original two-room portion. Note charring visible beneath whitewash on beams in upper right. Camera facing south. - Warner Ranch, Ranch House, San Felipe Road (State Highway S2), Warner Springs, San Diego County, CA

125

33. INTERIOR VIEW, DINING ROOM LOCATED AT THE SOUTHEAST CORNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. INTERIOR VIEW, DINING ROOM LOCATED AT THE SOUTHEAST CORNER OF THE HOUSE ON THE FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING TO THE FIREPLACE IN THE EAST WALL (NOTE DOORWAY TO THE MUSIC ROOM ON THE LEFT (NORTH) SIDE OF THE PHOTOGRAPH) - Arlington Place, 331 Cotton Avenue, Southwest, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

126

Interior of processing room showing the passthrough window from the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior of processing room showing the pass-through window from the shucking room. Tally board on the wall was used to keep track of the output of each shucker. Skimming table for rinsing the oyster meat is located under the pass-through window. - J.C. Lore Oyster House, 14430 Solomons Island Road, Solomons, Calvert County, MD

127

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. NOTE THE FIVEPANEL DOUBLE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. NOTE THE FIVE-PANEL DOUBLE ACTING DOOR TO THE KITCHEN AND SINGLE-PANEL DOORS TO THE CHINA CABINET IN THE DINING ROOM. ALSO NOTE THAT THE NARROW GAP BETWEEN THE PICTURE RAIL AND CEILING IS NOT FILLED IN. VIEW FACING EAST. - Hickam Field, Officers' Housing Type K, 304 Sixth Street, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

128

Smart Houses  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

129

Study of the Distribution of Pseudotuberculosis Bacteriophage in Nature. Communication I. Isolation of Bacteriophage from the Organs of Rodents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During an investigation of the organs of 998 rodents, 36 strains of bacteriophage (3.6%) were isolated that lysed pseudotuberculosis cultures. The bacteriophage was detected in the organs of gray rats (3.8%), house mice, (2.6%), voles and common shrews. T...

N. M. Somova, N. A. Sergeeva

1965-01-01

130

Freedom House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1941, Freedom House was organized by prominent Americans who were concerned with mounting threats to peace and democracy. Today, as in previous decades, their mission includes promoting "the growth of freedom by encouraging U.S. policymakers, international institutions, and the governments of established democracies to adopt policies that advance human rights and democracy around the world." First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking to the right-hand side of the homepage to the "Around the World" section. Here visitors can learn about the work that the Freedom House organization is doing in other parts of the world, and more importantly, they can read their in-house reports on democratic movements in different countries. Moving along, the left-hand side of the page includes links to their other publications, which include the "Nations In Transit" series. This particular series takes a long view on political reform in the former Communist states of Europe and Eurasia. To really get a full appreciation of the site's contents and scope requires several visits, but it should have no problem holding the attention of public policy types and scholars.

131

Environmental Enrichment of Laboratory Rodents: The Answer Depends on the Question  

PubMed Central

Efforts to refine the care and use of animals in research have been ongoing for many years and have led to general standardization of rodent models, particularly with regard to animal housing, genetics, and health status. Concurrently, numerous informal practices and recommendations have been promulgated with the laudable intent of promoting general animal wellbeing through so-called enrichment of the cage environment. However, the variety of housing conditions fostered by efforts at environmental enrichment (EE) complicates the goal of establishing standardized or even defined environments for laboratory rodents. Many studies over the years have sought to determine whether or how various enrichment strategies affect the behavior and physiology of laboratory rodents. The findings, conclusions, and interpretations of these studies are mixed, particularly with regard to their application across rodent species, strains, genders, and ages; whether or how they affect the animals and the science; and, in some cases, whether the effects are positive, negative, or neutral in terms of animal wellbeing. Crucial issues related to the application of EE in research settings include its poorly defined effect on the animals, the potential for increased variability in the data, poor definition across labs and in publications, and potential for animal or scientific harm. The complexities, uncertainties, interpretational conundrums, varying conclusions, and lack of consensus in the EE literature warrant careful assessment of the benefits and liabilities associated with implementing such interventions. Reliance on evidence, professional judgment, and performance standards are crucial in the development of EE strategies. PMID:22330246

Toth, Linda A; Kregel, Kevin; Leon, Lisa; Musch, Timothy I

2011-01-01

132

A SPECT Scanner for Rodent Imaging Based on Small-Area Gamma Cameras  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed a cost-effective SPECT scanner prototype (rSPECT) for in vivo imaging of rodents based on small-area gamma cameras. Each detector consists of a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube (PS-PMT) coupled to a 30 x 30 Nal(Tl) scintillator array and electronics attached to the PS-PMT sockets for adapting the detector signals to an in-house developed data acquisition system. The detector components are

Eduardo Lage; José L. Villena; Gustavo Tapias; Naira P. Martínez; Maria L. Soto-Montenegro; Mónica Abella; Alejandro Sisniega; Francisco Pino; Domènec Ros; Javier Pavia; Manuel Desco; Juan J. Vaquero

2010-01-01

133

Seed choice by rodents: learning or inheritance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning plays a central role in animal life, and it has received special attention in the context of foraging. In this study,\\u000a we have tested whether learning operates in seed choices by rodents using the Algerian mouse (Mus spretus) and Holm oak (Quercus ilex) acorns as a model. At the laboratory, those rodents captured in the field during the acorn

Alberto Muñoz; Raúl Bonal

2008-01-01

134

Rodent-Vegetation Relationships in Southeastern Montana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plant communities of southeastern Montana were surveyed for rodents over a two year period. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) were the most abundant rodent species found on the study area. Prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster), meadow voles (M. pennsylvanicus), sagebrush voles (Lagurus curtatus), Wyoming pocket mice (Perognathus fasciatus), thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus), least chipmunks (Eutamias minimus), and eastern fox squirrels (Sciurus

Daniel W. Uresk; Richard M. Hansen

135

Model houses and housing ideology in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the meaning of the house through an interpretation of model house advertisements and display houses in Australia over the past 20 years. The advertising discourse is analysed as a set of cultural constructs, which, being market sensitive, reflect changing social structures, values and ideologies. Over this period the house structure has been transformed. The informal ‘family’ area

Kim Dovey

1992-01-01

136

Rodents and Leptospira transmission risk in Terceira island (Azores).  

PubMed

The role of rodents as Leptospira renal carriers in Terceira island was evaluated (1993-1995) through kidney culture and serology [microscopic aglutination test (MAT)] of 94 mice and rats. Fifty-nine animals were positive (n = 41 by serology + culturing; n = 11 serology; n = 7 culturing), presenting a wide distribution in man-made and natural areas. House mice had the highest bacteriological (82.9%) and serological (90.9%) rates, being strictly related to serovar arborea. Black rats were involved in the dispersion of all isolated L. interrogans sensu lato serovars (arborea, copenhageni and icterohaemorrhagiae). Logistic regression analysis and non-metric multi-dimensional scaling, relating Leptospira infection with biological and environmental variables, expressed that adult males Mus domesticus, sexually active and living in humid biotopes, mainly above 500 m, are the most likely reservoirs. This study emphasizes the role of house-mice in the epidemiology of leptospirosis in Terceira and the need of reducing the risk of Leptospira transmission through integrated control programmes, primarily focusing on adult house-mice in peri-domestic environments, before the breeding season. PMID:11484805

Collares-Pereira, M; Mathias, M L; Santos-Reis, M; Ramalhinho, M G; Duarte-Rodrigues, P

2000-01-01

137

122 Boeing Room 101 Garden Reading Room  

E-print Network

& South Entries Reference Books Research Help Writing Center 24/7 Study -- 208 Computer Lab & Online119 Media Production Center 122 Boeing Room 101 Garden Reading Room East Entry Computers, 24 Computer Lab & Online Research Writing Center The Byte Café North Entry Copying 270 Group Study 271 Group

Carter, John

138

28. INTERIOR VIEW OF FERRY HOUSE, MIDDLE BUILDING, FIRST LEVEL, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. INTERIOR VIEW OF FERRY HOUSE, MIDDLE BUILDING, FIRST LEVEL, LOOKING NORTHEAST, ROOM USED FOR RAILWAY MAIL SERVICE - Central Railroad of New Jersey, Jersey City Ferry Terminal, Johnson Avenue at Hudson River, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ

139

Molecular detection of bacterial contamination in gnotobiotic rodent units  

PubMed Central

Gnotobiotic rodents provide an important technique to study the functional roles of commensal bacteria in host physiology and pathophysiology. To ensure sterility, these animals must be screened frequently for contamination. The traditional screening approaches of culturing and Gram staining feces have inherent limitations, as many bacteria are uncultivable and fecal Gram stains are difficult to interpret. Thus, we developed and validated molecular methods to definitively detect and identify contamination in germ-free (GF) and selectively colonized animals. Fresh fecal pellets were collected from rodents housed in GF isolators, spontaneously contaminated ex-GF isolators, selectively colonized isolators and specific pathogen-free (SPF) conditions. DNA isolated from mouse and rat fecal samples was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and subjected to quantitative PCR (qPCR) using universal primers that amplify the 16S rRNA gene from all bacterial groups. PCR products were sequenced to identify contaminating bacterial species. Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) PCR profiles verified bacterial inoculation of selectively colonized animals. These PCR techniques more accurately detected and identified GF isolator contamination than current standard approaches. These molecular techniques can be utilized to more definitively screen GF and selectively colonized animals for bacterial contamination when Gram stain and/or culture results are un-interpretable or inconsistent. PMID:23887190

Packey, Christopher D; Shanahan, Michael T; Manick, Sayeed; Bower, Maureen A; Ellermann, Melissa; Tonkonogy, Susan L; Carroll, Ian M; Sartor, R Balfour

2013-01-01

140

Identification of novel anelloviruses with broad diversity in UK rodents.  

PubMed

Anelloviruses are a family of small circular ssDNA viruses with a vast genetic diversity. Human infections with the prototype anellovirus, torque teno virus (TTV), are ubiquitous and related viruses have been described in a number of other mammalian hosts. Despite over 15 years of investigation, there is still little known about the pathogenesis and possible disease associations of anellovirus infections, arising in part due to the lack of a robust cell culture system for viral replication or tractable small-animal model. We report the identification of diverse anelloviruses in several species of wild rodents. The viruses are highly prevalent in wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and field voles (Microtus agrestis), detectable at a low frequency in bank voles (Myodes glareolus), but absent from house mice (Mus musculus). The viruses identified have a genomic organization consistent with other anelloviruses, but form two clear phylogenetic groups that are as distinct from each other as from defined genera. PMID:24744300

Nishiyama, Shoko; Dutia, Bernadette M; Stewart, James P; Meredith, Anna L; Shaw, Darren J; Simmonds, Peter; Sharp, Colin P

2014-07-01

141

Ljungan virus is endemic in rodents in the UK.  

PubMed

Ljungan virus is a recently identified member of the family Picornaviridae that was isolated from bank voles in Sweden. LjV has been associated with [corrected] type 1 diabetes-like symptoms and myocarditis in bank voles (Myodes glareolus), and it has been suggested that it has zoonotic potential. Here, we show for the first time that Ljungan virus is prevalent (20-27 % positive by PCR) in four species of UK rodent (Myodes glareolus [bank vole], Apodemus sylvaticus [wood mouse], Microtus agrestis [field vole] and Mus musculus [house mouse]). Sequence analysis showed that Ljungan virus of genotypes 1 and 2 were present, although genotype 1 was more prevalent and more frequently associated with brain tissue. This study highlights the prevalence of Ljungan virus in the UK and the need for assessment [corrected] of its zoonotic potential. PMID:23665770

Salisbury, Anne-Marie; Begon, Michael; Dove, Winifred; Niklasson, Bo; Stewart, James P

2014-03-01

142

Improving operating room safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the introduction of the Universal Protocol, patient safety in surgery remains a daily challenge in the operating room. This present study describes one community health system's efforts to improve operating room safety through human factors training and ultimately the development of a surgical checklist. Using a combination of formal training, local studies documenting operating room safety issues and peer

Scott N Hurlbert; Jill Garrett

2009-01-01

143

SRO : single room occupancy  

E-print Network

During August of 1996, I stayed in a series of SRO hotels in New York City leaving a book and diary behind when I checked out of each room. The books that were left in the rooms differ from one room to the other but all ...

Shimada, Taketo

1997-01-01

144

Locker Room Design Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how today's college and university athletic locker rooms have become sophisticated recruiting tools that rival many professional facilities. Locker room design and location and their level of furniture, finishes, and equipment are discussed as is the trend for more environmentally friendly locker rooms. (GR)

Wiens, Janet

2001-01-01

145

Housing poverty and the role of urban governance in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how South Korea’s rapid economic growth failed to produce solutions to housing problems in urban areas. In 2000, nearly onequarter of all households lived in accommodation that did not meet minimum standards in terms of floor space and basic facilities. Many households live in single rooms in illegal or sub-standard lodgings, or in houses built of vinyl

Seong-Kyu Ha

2004-01-01

146

The Urban Poor, Rental Accommodations, and Housing Policy in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines the situation of low-income rental accommodation and identifies the policy alternatives for those in housing poverty. In urban South Korea, there are different kinds of rental types and rental housing that are commonly used by low-income groups. Most of the poor are tenants in the substandard settlements and illegal rented rooms, so called Jjogbang, in the inner

Seong-Kyu Ha

2002-01-01

147

The Carsons' New House: A Listening Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives the format of a listening exercise in which students perform two tasks while listening to a dialog: they answer 15 true-false questions and they label the rooms of a house on a plan provided. The dialog was selected for naturalness, predictability, and distribution of reference words. (PJM)

Locke, Robert W.

1980-01-01

148

1. SOUTH ELEVATION, THE FAN HOUSE WAS CONSTRUCTED BY THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. SOUTH ELEVATION, THE FAN HOUSE WAS CONSTRUCTED BY THE MARYLAND NEW RIVER COAL COMPANY IN LATE 1940S OR EARLY 1950S TO VENTILATE MINE WORKINGS, ENTRANCE TO MINE (LEFT) AND MOTOR ROOM (RIGHT), WHICH HOUSED THE ELECTRIC MOTOR AND VENTILATING FAN - Nuttallburg Mine Complex, Fan House, North side of New River, 2.7 miles upstream from Fayette Landing, Lookout, Fayette County, WV

149

Housing policy in China  

E-print Network

In the last three decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has managed to replace its welfare-based urban housing system with a market-based housing provision scheme. With such significant housing policy changes, the ...

Gao, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01

150

Habitat-specific shaping of proliferation and neuronal differentiation in adult hippocampal neurogenesis of wild rodents  

PubMed Central

Daily life of wild mammals is characterized by a multitude of attractive and aversive stimuli. The hippocampus processes complex polymodal information associated with such stimuli and mediates adequate behavioral responses. How newly generated hippocampal neurons in wild animals contribute to hippocampal function is still a subject of debate. Here, we test the relationship between adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) and habitat types. To this end, we compare wild Muridae species of southern Africa [Namaqua rock mouse (Micaelamys namaquensis), red veld rat (Aethomys chrysophilus), highveld gerbil (Tatera brantsii), and spiny mouse (Acomys spinosissimus)] with data from wild European Muridae [long-tailed wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus), pygmy field mice (Apodemus microps), yellow-necked wood mice (Apodemus flavicollis), and house mice (Mus musculus domesticus)] from previous studies. The pattern of neurogenesis, expressed in normalized numbers of Ki67- and Doublecortin(DCX)-positive cells to total granule cells (GCs), is similar for the species from a southern African habitat. However, we found low proliferation, but high neuronal differentiation in rodents from the southern African habitat compared to rodents from the European environment. Within the African rodents, we observe additional regulatory and morphological traits in the hippocampus. Namaqua rock mice with previous pregnancies showed lower AHN compared to males and nulliparous females. The phylogenetically closely related species (Namaqua rock mouse and red veld rat) show a CA4, which is not usually observed in murine rodents. The specific features of the southern environment that may be associated with the high number of young neurons in African rodents still remain to be elucidated. This study provides the first evidence that a habitat can shape adult neurogenesis in rodents across phylogenetic groups. PMID:23616743

Cavegn, Nicole; van Dijk, R. Maarten; Menges, Dominik; Brettschneider, Helene; Phalanndwa, Mashudu; Chimimba, Christian T.; Isler, Karin; Lipp, Hans-Peter; Slomianka, Lutz; Amrein, Irmgard

2013-01-01

151

Rodent-borne diseases in Thailand: targeting rodent carriers and risky habitats  

PubMed Central

Background Comparative analysis, which aims at investigating ecological and evolutionary patterns among species, may help at targeting reservoirs of zoonotic diseases particularly in countries presenting high biodiversity. Here, we developed a simple method to target rodent reservoirs using published studies screening microparasite infections. Methods We compiled surveys of microparasites investigated in rodents trapped in Thailand. The data comprise a total of 17,358 rodents from 18 species that have been investigated for a total of 10 microparasites (viruses, bacteria and protozoans). We used residual variation of microparasite richness controlled for both rodent sample size and pathogens’ screening effort to identify major rodent reservoirs and potential risky habitats. Results Microparasite species richness was positively related to rodent sample size and pathogens’ screening effort. The investigation of the residual variations of microparasite species richness showed that several rodent species harboured more pathogens than expected by the regression model. Similarly, higher pathogen richness than expected was observed in rodents living in non-flooded lands, forests and paddy fields. Conclusion Our results suggest to target some rodent species that are not commonly investigated for pathogen screening or surveillance such as R. adamanensis or B. savilei, and that non-flooded lands and forests should be more taken into caution, whereas much surveys focused on paddy rice fields and households. PMID:22957129

Herbreteau, Vincent; Bordes, Frederic; Jittapalapong, Sathaporn; Supputamongkol, Yupin; Morand, Serge

2012-01-01

152

Guinea-zilla? World's largest rodent  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Roughly the size of a buffalo, a giant rodent that roamed the banks of an ancient Venezuelan river some 8 million years ago, dining on sea grass and dodging crocodiles, was an evolutionary sibling to modern-day guinea pigs.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS;)

2008-07-03

153

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2011-04-01

154

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2014-04-01

155

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2013-04-01

156

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2012-04-01

157

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2010-04-01

158

Mammals. Key to Rodents (Mlekopitayushchie. Opredelitel Gryzunov).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a comprehensive work on rodents (suborder Glires) of the USSR and adjacent eastern European and northern Asian territories. Among the subjects treated are: evolution, morphology, taxonomy, mode of life, and geographical distribution. This last is ...

S. B. Vinogradov, A. I. Argiropulo

1968-01-01

159

The GreenHouse is an engaging and  

E-print Network

Halls; we automatically offer housing contracts to admitted students as long as space is available. 1 selection system. The room selection period is in April, prior to the college choice and admission acceptance deadline. 6.Log into the system and select your room for 2010­11! Undergraduates and staff members

Sheridan, Jennifer

160

Important Housing Dates and Guidelines for Pitt Resident Students  

E-print Network

Selection takes place online. 25 Online Room Selection site remains available through the end of the dayPanther Central Important Housing Dates and Guidelines for Pitt Resident Students 7 13 20 21 22@bc.pitt.edu UMC75999-1210 15 Guaranteed juniors-to-be Room Selection takes place online. 16 Guaranteed juniors

Sibille, Etienne

161

Rodents as potential couriers for bioterrorism agents.  

PubMed

Many pathogens that can cause major public health, economic, and social damage are relatively easily accessible and could be used as biological weapons. Wildlife is a natural reservoir for many potential bioterrorism agents, and, as history has shown, eliminating a pathogen that has dispersed among wild fauna can be extremely challenging. Since a number of wild rodent species live close to humans, rodents constitute a vector for pathogens to circulate among wildlife, domestic animals, and humans. This article reviews the possible consequences of a deliberate spread of rodentborne pathogens. It is relatively easy to infect wild rodents with certain pathogens or to release infected rodents, and the action would be difficult to trace. Rodents can also function as reservoirs for diseases that have been spread during a bioterrorism attack and cause recurring disease outbreaks. As rats and mice are common in both urban and rural settlements, deliberately released rodentborne infections have the capacity to spread very rapidly. The majority of pathogens that are listed as potential agents of bioterrorism by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases exploit rodents as vectors or reservoirs. In addition to zoonotic diseases, deliberately released rodentborne epizootics can have serious economic consequences for society, for example, in the area of international trade restrictions. The ability to rapidly detect introduced diseases and effectively communicate with the public in crisis situations enables a quick response and is essential for successful and cost-effective disease control. PMID:23971813

Lõhmus, Mare; Janse, Ingmar; van de Goot, Frank; van Rotterdam, Bart J

2013-09-01

162

Modeling panic disorder in rodents.  

PubMed

Panic disorder (PD) is a subtype of anxiety disorder in which the core phenomenon is the spontaneous occurrence of panic attacks. Although studies with laboratory animals have been instrumental for the understanding of its neurobiology and treatment, few review articles have focused on the validity of the currently used animal models for studying this psychopathology. Therefore, the aim of the present paper is to discuss the strengths and limits of these models in terms of face, construct and predictive validity. Based on the hypothesis that panic attacks are related to defensive responses elicited by proximal threat, most animal models measure the escape responses induced by specific stimuli. Some apply electrical or chemical stimulation to brain regions proposed to modulate fear and panic responses, such as the dorsal periaqueductal grey or the medial hypothalamus. Other models focus on the behavioural consequences caused by the exposure of rodents to ultrasound or natural predators. Finally, the elevated T-maze associates a one-way escape response from an open arm with panic attacks. Despite some limitations, animal models are essential for a better understanding of the neurobiology and pharmacology of PD and for discovering more effective treatments. PMID:23584609

Moreira, Fabrício A; Gobira, Pedro H; Viana, Thércia G; Vicente, Maria A; Zangrossi, Hélio; Graeff, Frederico G

2013-10-01

163

Health and housing outcomes from green renovation of low-income housing in Washington, DC.  

PubMed

Green building systems have proliferated recently, but studies are limited of associated health and housing outcomes. The authors measured self-reported resident physical and mental health, allergens, and building conditions at baseline and one-year follow-up in a low-income housing development being renovated in accordance with green healthy housing improvements (Enterprise Green Communities standards and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design [LEED] gold certification). Self-reported general health in adults significantly improved from 59% to 67% (p = .026), with large statistically significant improvements in water/ dampness problems, cockroaches and rodents, and reduced pesticide use. Median cockroach (Bla g1) and mouse (Mus m1) allergen dust loadings showed large and statistically significant reductions from baseline to three months postintervention and were sustained at one year (both p < .05). Energy and water cost savings were 16% and 54%, respectively. Incorporating Enterprise Green Communities and LEED standards in low-income housing renovation improves health and housing conditions and can help to reduce disparities. All green housing standards should include health-related requirements. PMID:24683934

Jacobs, David E; Breysse, Jill; Dixon, Sherry L; Aceti, Susan; Kawecki, Carol; James, Mark; Wilson, Jay

2014-03-01

164

Entomological and rodent surveillance in plague-suspected areas during September 1994 and thereafter.  

PubMed

Studies carried out in the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Union Territory of Delhi after the bubonic plague outbreak during 1994 revealed the presence of seven species of rodents, viz. Rattus rattus, R. norvegicus, Mus. musculus, Tatera indica, Suncus murinus, Bandicoota bengalensis and B. indica. The flea species encountered were Xenopsylla cheopis and X. astia. The X. cheopis and X. astia index recorded in different areas of Beed district of Maharashtra; Surat, Vadodra and Baruch districts in Gujarat and Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh and their implications have been discussed. Insecticide suspectibility tests carried out against DDT, dieldrin, malathion and deltamethrin with X. cheopis collected from Maharashtra, Delhi and Varanasi revealed that this vector species is resistant to DDT and dieldrin but susceptible to malathion and deltamethrin. The prevalence and distribution of rodents species, high cheopis index and prevalence of Tatera indica just at the door steps of houses in village Mamla of Beed district provides highly congenital conditions for the intermingling of wild and domestic rodents and transfer of flea population from wild to domestic rodents and vice-versa. These conditions were found to be highly supportive for bubonic plague transmission in the district. The presence of Yersinia pestis antibodies in Rattus rattus collected from Beed, Surat and Varanasi areas are also indicative of bubonic plague in Beed and Varanasi and pneumonic plague in Surat during 1994. PMID:9556751

Kumar, K; Jamil-Ur-Rahman, S; Sharma, S K; Gill, K S; Katyal, R; Kaur, R; Thomas, T G; Barua, K

1997-06-01

165

Maripa hantavirus in French Guiana: phylogenetic position and predicted spatial distribution of rodent hosts.  

PubMed

A molecular screening of wild-caught rodents was conducted in French Guiana, South America to identify hosts of the hantavirus Maripa described in 2008 in a hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) case. Over a 9-year period, 418 echimyids and murids were captured. Viral RNA was detected in two sigmodontine rodents, Oligoryzomys fulvescens and Zygodontomys brevicauda, trapped close to the house of a second HPS case that occurred in 2009 and an O. fulvescens close to the fourth HPS case identified in 2013. Sequences from the rodents had 96% and 97% nucleotide identity (fragment of S and M segments, respectively) with the sequence of the first human HPS case. Phylogenetic reconstructions based on the complete sequence of the S segment show that Maripa virus is closely related to Rio Mamore hantavirus. Using environmental descriptors of trapping sites, including vegetation, landscape units, rain, and human disturbance, a maximal entropy-based species distribution model allowed for identification of areas of higher predicted occurrence of the two rodents, where emergence risks of Maripa virus are expected to be higher. PMID:24752689

de Thoisy, Benoît; Matheus, Séverine; Catzeflis, François; Clément, Luc; Barrioz, Sébastien; Guidez, Amandine; Donato, Damien; Cornu, Jean-François; Brunaux, Olivier; Guitet, Stéphane; Lacoste, Vincent; Lavergne, Anne

2014-06-01

166

The rodent Research Animal Holding Facility as a barrier to environmental contamination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rodent Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF), developed by NASA Ames Research Center (ARC) to separately house rodents in a Spacelab, was verified as a barrier to environmental contaminants during a 12-day biocompatibility test. Environmental contaminants considered were solid particulates, microorganisms, ammonia, and typical animal odors. The 12-day test conducted in August 1988 was designed to verify that the rodent RAHF system would adequately support and maintain animal specimens during normal system operations. Additional objectives of this test were to demonstrate that: (1) the system would capture typical particulate debris produced by the animal; (2) microorganisms would be contained; and (3) the passage of animal odors was adequately controlled. In addition, the amount of carbon dioxide exhausted by the RAHF system was to be quantified. Of primary importance during the test was the demonstration that the RAHF would contain particles greater than 150 micrometers. This was verified after analyzing collection plates placed under exhaust air ducts and and rodent cages during cage maintenance operations, e.g., waste tray and feeder changeouts. Microbiological testing identified no additional organisms in the test environment that could be traced to the RAHF. Odor containment was demonstrated to be less than barely detectable. Ammonia could not be detected in the exhaust air from the RAHF system. Carbon dioxide levels were verified to be less than 0.35 percent.

Savage, P. D., Jr.; Jahns, G. C.; Dalton, B. P.; Hogan, R. P.; Wray, A. E.

1989-01-01

167

The rodent research animal holding facility as a barrier to environmental contamination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rodent Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF), developed by NASA Ames Research Center (ARC) to separately house rodents in a Spacelab, was verified as a barrier to environmental contaminants during a 12-day biocompatibility test. Environmental contaminants considered were solid particulates, microorganisms, ammonia, and typical animal odors. The 12-day test conducted in August 1988 was designed to verify that the rodent RAHF system would adequately support and maintain animal specimens during normal system operations. Additional objectives of this test were to demonstrate that: (1) the system would capture typical particulate debris produced by the animal; (2) microorganisms would be contained; and (3) the passage of animal odors was adequately controlled. In addition, the amount of carbon dioxide exhausted by the RAHF system was to be quantified. Of primary importance during the test was the demonstration that the RAHF would contain particles greater than 150 micrometers. This was verified after analyzing collection plates placed under exhaust air ducts and rodent cages during cage maintenance operations, e.g., waste tray and feeder changeouts. Microbiological testing identified no additional organisms in the test environment that could be traced to the RAHF. Odor containment was demonstrated to be less than barely detectable. Ammonia could not be detected in the exhaust air from the RAHF system. Carbon dioxide levels were verified to be less than 0.35 percent.

Savage, P. D., Jr.; Jahns, G. C.; Dalton, B. P.; Hogan, R. P.; Wray, A. E.

1989-01-01

168

Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in wild small rodents, potentially preys of ocelots in north-eastern Mexico  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in rodents that coexist with ocelots in north-eastern Mexico. Eighty rodents of five genera were captured and their serum samples tested for specific IgG antibodies to T. gondii by in-house indirect ELISA using three different conjugates. Prevalences of 7% (3/44) and 33% (4/12) were found in Sigmodon hispidus and Liomys irroratus, respectively, and were significantly different. All Baiomys taylori and Oligoryzomys fulvescens were negative for the presence of anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies. The samples from Peromyscus spp. could not be analyzed because none of the three conjugates tested recognized their immunoglobulins. Infection was confirmed in one single specimen of L. irroratus by qPCR, which generated an estimate of 146 parasites per mg of muscle tissue. The results strongly support the notion of active T. gondii transmission between rodents and felines in this zone of Mexico and an important role of some rodent species in the sylvatic cycle of T. gondii. PMID:25375977

Rendón-Franco, Emilio; Xicoténcatl-García, Lizbeth; Rico-Torres, Claudia Patricia; Muñoz-García, Claudia Irais; Caso-Aguilar, Arturo; Suzán, Gerardo; Correa, Dolores; Caballero-Ortega, Heriberto

2014-01-01

169

Internal/NIH/IC Rodent Transfer/Technical Request Form Receiving Investigator (if same as sending, check here)  

E-print Network

Animal Facility Contact & Animal Housing Information Date Request Approved: Bldg. # Housing Room # Rack No Location: Testing Method for I/Q Receiving Facility Manager/Shipping Coordinator Name: Transfer Approved to be notified, etc.) Receiving IC Veterinarian/or Designee Approval: Yes No Name: Date Animals Received

Bandettini, Peter A.

170

A room in the city : housing itinerant lifestyles  

E-print Network

In a globalized world, people are becoming more transient, and the turnover in cities continues to increase. For the white-collar labor force, the difference between residing and staying is becoming less defined. Hotel and ...

Webster, Meghan Elizabeth

2008-01-01

171

International Student Support Office Room 162 Northcote House  

E-print Network

while you have been away from home. You may now have very different ideas and attitudes compared to when think about the roles of men and women in life in a way that is different from what your friends is organised and leisure activities, and this might be very different from attitudes at home. You might also

Mumby, Peter J.

172

Residence Hall Housing Office 1900 Perdido St. Room 210  

E-print Network

enjoying a living environment that offers support and assistance to maximize their educational are shared with a suitemate. All dorm suites have network connectivity and basic cable television. Common is connected to the Medical Education Building by a covered, elevated walkway for easy and quick access

173

DeCoding Your Housing Assignment Confused by the letters and numbers that comprise your housing assignment? If so, the following  

E-print Network

Holshouser Hall G01 Kappa Sigma House HT Hunt Hall G02 Lambda Chi Alpha House MA Maple Hall G03 Zeta Tau Sanford Hall G09 Kappa Alpha Psi House SC Scott Hall G10 Greek Village House 10 SY Sycamore Hall G11 Sigma for details) Room Number (ignore a leading 0) Bedroom Code (will be an L, R, A, B, C or D) Bed Number (will

Howitt, Ivan

174

78 FR 41339 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Multifamily Mortgage Insurance; Capturing Excess Claim Proceeds  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th...percent of outstanding balances are subject to recapture...Department of Housing and Urban Development, Room 9128...requirements, Solar energy. Accordingly, for...

2013-07-10

175

PARTICULATE AND ORGANIC EMISSIONS FROM UNVENTED KEROSENE HEATERS, TEST HOUSE STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses a study of particulate and organic emissions from unvented kerosene heaters in a test house. Results from the test house are compared with those from large (room size) chambers, using EPA's indoor air quality (IAQ) model. In the test house, unvented kerosene h...

176

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2011-04-01

177

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2012-04-01

178

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2010-04-01

179

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2013-04-01

180

The Fecal Viral Flora of Wild Rodents  

PubMed Central

The frequent interactions of rodents with humans make them a common source of zoonotic infections. To obtain an initial unbiased measure of the viral diversity in the enteric tract of wild rodents we sequenced partially purified, randomly amplified viral RNA and DNA in the feces of 105 wild rodents (mouse, vole, and rat) collected in California and Virginia. We identified in decreasing frequency sequences related to the mammalian viruses families Circoviridae, Picobirnaviridae, Picornaviridae, Astroviridae, Parvoviridae, Papillomaviridae, Adenoviridae, and Coronaviridae. Seventeen small circular DNA genomes containing one or two replicase genes distantly related to the Circoviridae representing several potentially new viral families were characterized. In the Picornaviridae family two new candidate genera as well as a close genetic relative of the human pathogen Aichi virus were characterized. Fragments of the first mouse sapelovirus and picobirnaviruses were identified and the first murine astrovirus genome was characterized. A mouse papillomavirus genome and fragments of a novel adenovirus and adenovirus-associated virus were also sequenced. The next largest fraction of the rodent fecal virome was related to insect viruses of the Densoviridae, Iridoviridae, Polydnaviridae, Dicistroviriade, Bromoviridae, and Virgaviridae families followed by plant virus-related sequences in the Nanoviridae, Geminiviridae, Phycodnaviridae, Secoviridae, Partitiviridae, Tymoviridae, Alphaflexiviridae, and Tombusviridae families reflecting the largely insect and plant rodent diet. Phylogenetic analyses of full and partial viral genomes therefore revealed many previously unreported viral species, genera, and families. The close genetic similarities noted between some rodent and human viruses might reflect past zoonoses. This study increases our understanding of the viral diversity in wild rodents and highlights the large number of still uncharacterized viruses in mammals. PMID:21909269

Phan, Tung G.; Kapusinszky, Beatrix; Wang, Chunlin; Rose, Robert K.; Lipton, Howard L.; Delwart, Eric L.

2011-01-01

181

South Entrance North Reading Room  

E-print Network

South Entrance FLOOR 2 North Reading Room Heyns Reading Room Current Periodicals Rosberg Reading 251 M Dissertation Writers' Room Reference Desk 215 Current Periodicals FLOOR 2 North Reading Room Heyns Reading Room Current Periodicals Rosberg Reading Room Graduate Services 212 218 Reference Hall

Walker, Matthew P.

182

Behavioral Assessment of Intermittent Wheel Running and Individual Housing in Mice in the Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical cage enrichment—exercise devices for rodents in the laboratory—often in- cludes running wheels. This study compared responses of mice in enriched physical and social conditions and in standard social conditions to wheel running, individual housing, and open-field test. The study divided into 6 groups, 48 female BALB\\/c mice group housed in enriched and standard conditions. On alternate days, the study

Therese M. Pham; Stefan Brené; Vera Baumans

183

Clean room wiping liquids  

SciTech Connect

A water-based liquid containing isopropyl alcohol, ammonium hydroxide, and surfactants was developed to replace 1,1,2-trichlorotrifluoroethane for the dampening of clean room wiping cloths used to wipe clean benches, clean room equipment, and latex finger cots and gloves.

Harding, W.B.

1991-12-01

184

Rainbow in the Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity generates learner excitement about light through the creation of a room-sized rainbow. Learners also make their own "rainbow" drawings that incorporate the sequence of colors they observe. For a dramatic effect, set up rainbow projection while learners are out of the room. This activity guide includes background information and variation ideas.

Moreno, Nancy P.; Barbara Z. Tharp, M. S.; Judith Dresden, M. S.

2011-01-01

185

Identification of Novel Rodent Herpesviruses, Including the First Gammaherpesvirus of Mus musculus?  

PubMed Central

Rodent herpesviruses such as murine cytomegalovirus (host, Mus musculus), rat cytomegalovirus (host, Rattus norvegicus), and murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (hosts, Apodemus species) are important tools for the experimental study of human herpesvirus diseases. However, alphaherpesviruses, roseoloviruses, and lymphocryptoviruses, as well as rhadinoviruses, that naturally infect Mus musculus (house mouse) and other Old World mice are unknown. To identify hitherto-unknown rodent-associated herpesviruses, we captured M. musculus, R. norvegicus, and 14 other rodent species in several locations in Germany, the United Kingdom, and Thailand. Samples of trigeminal ganglia, dorsal root ganglia, brains, spleens, and other organs, as well as blood, were analyzed with a degenerate panherpesvirus PCR targeting the DNA polymerase (DPOL) gene. Herpesvirus-positive samples were subjected to a second degenerate PCR targeting the glycoprotein B (gB) gene. The sequences located between the partial DPOL and gB sequences were amplified by long-distance PCR and sequenced, resulting in a contiguous sequence of approximately 3.5 kbp. By DPOL PCR, we detected 17 novel betaherpesviruses and 21 novel gammaherpesviruses but no alphaherpesvirus. Of these 38 novel herpesviruses, 14 were successfully analyzed by the complete bigenic approach. Most importantly, the first gammaherpesvirus of Mus musculus was discovered (Mus musculus rhadinovirus 1 [MmusRHV1]). This virus is a member of a novel group of rodent gammaherpesviruses, which is clearly distinct from murine herpesvirus 68-like rodent gammaherpesviruses. Multigenic phylogenetic analysis, using an 8-kbp locus, revealed that MmusRHV1 diverged from the other gammaherpesviruses soon after the evolutionary separation of Epstein-Barr virus-like lymphocryptoviruses from human herpesvirus 8-like rhadinoviruses and alcelaphine herpesvirus 1-like macaviruses. PMID:17507487

Ehlers, Bernhard; Kuchler, Judit; Yasmum, Nezlisah; Dural, Guzin; Voigt, Sebastian; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas; Jakel, Thomas; Matuschka, Franz-Rainer; Richter, Dania; Essbauer, Sandra; Hughes, David J.; Summers, Candice; Bennett, Malcolm; Stewart, James P.; Ulrich, Rainer G.

2007-01-01

186

Sporadic amplification of ID elements in rodents.  

PubMed

ID sequences are members of a short interspersed element (SINE) repetitive DNA family within the rodent genome. The copy number of individual ID elements varies by up to three orders of magnitude between species. This amplification has been highly sporadic in the order Rodentia and does not follow any phylogenetic trend. Using library screening and dot-blot analysis, we estimate there are 25,000 copies of ID elements in the deer mouse, 1,500 copies in the gerbil (both cricetid rodents), and 60,000 copies of either ID or ID-like elements in a sciurid rodent (squirrel). By dot-blot analysis, we estimate there are 150,000, 4,000, 1,000, and 200 copies of ID elements in the rat, mouse, hamster, and guinea pig, respectively (which is consistent with previous reports) and 200 copies in the hystricognath rodent, nutria. Therefore, a rapid amplification took place not only after the divergence of rat and mouse but also following the deer mouse (Peromyscus) and hamster split, with no evidence of increased amplifications in hystricognath rodents. No notable variations of sequences from the BC1 genes of several myomorphic rodents were observed that would possibly explain the varied levels of ID amplification. We did observe subgenera and species-group-specific variation in the ID core sequence of the BC1 gene within the genus Peromyscus. Sequence analysis of cloned ID elements in Peromyscus show most ID elements in this genus arose prior to Peromyscus subgenus divergence. Correspondence of the consensus sequence of individual ID elements in gerbil and deer mouse further confirms BC1 as a master gene in ID amplification. Several possible mechanisms responsible for the quantitative variations are explored. PMID:8576967

Kass, D H; Kim, J; Deininger, P L

1996-01-01

187

Vibrissa hair bulge houses two populations of skin epithelial stem cells distinct by their keratin profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Defining the properties of postnatal stem cells is of interest given their relevance for tissue homeostasis and therapeutic applications, such as skin tissue engineering for burn patients. In hair follicles, the bulge region of the outer root sheath houses stem cells. We show that explants from the prominent bulge area, but not the bulb, in rodent vibrissa follicles can produce

Danielle Larouche; Xuemei Tong; Julie Fradette; Pierre A. Coulombe; Lucie Germain

2007-01-01

188

4. FIRSTFLOOR SHOWER/LOCKER ROOM. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. Rocky Mountain ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. FIRST-FLOOR SHOWER/LOCKER ROOM. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Administration-Laboratory- Change House-Bomb Rail, 420 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 530 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

189

Genospecies diversity of Lyme disease spirochetes in rodent reservoirs.  

PubMed Central

To determine whether particular Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. genospecies associate solely with rodent reservoir hosts, we compared the genospecies prevalence in questing nymphal Ixodes ticks with that in xenodiagnostic ticks that had fed as larvae on rodents captured in the same site. No genospecies was more prevalent in rodent-fed ticks than in questing ticks. The three main spirochete genospecies, therefore, share common rodent hosts. PMID:10221886

Richter, D.; Endepols, S.; Ohlenbusch, A.; Eiffert, H.; Spielman, A.; Matuschka, F. R.

1999-01-01

190

Proceedings of a workshop on Lighting Requirements in Microgravity: Rodents and Nonhuman Primates  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A workshop, sponsored by Ames Research Center, was held at San Jose State University, San Jose, California, July 16-17, 1987, to discuss and correlate observations and theories relating to lighting requirements in animal habitats for rodents and nonhuman primates in microgravity (near space). This volume represents the results of the workshop. It contains a summary of the conclusions reached and recommendations for lighting animal housing modules used in microgravity related projects. The recommendations cover various aspects of habitat lighting including engineering standards for intensity, spectral properties, and light cycle controls.

Holley, Daniel C. (editor); Winget, Charles M. (editor); Leon, Henry A. (editor)

1988-01-01

191

A room of one's own: the SRO and the single elderly.  

PubMed

A survey of 485 single-room occupancy housing (SRO) residents in New York City found elderly residents strongly preferred to remain in centrally located neighborhoods where apartment housing was beyond their means; did not wish to share a housing unit; and had little confidence that they could find acceptable housing if they lost their present unit. For many elderly residents, SROs meet needs not easily met by available alternatives. Results suggest the need to maintain this housing option for older persons and replace losses that have accompanied gentrification in many central city areas. PMID:1427281

Crystal, S; Beck, P

1992-10-01

192

Auditoriums/Music Rooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design of notable school auditoriums and music rooms, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on architects, suppliers, and cost, as well as photographs. (EV)

American School & University, 2002

2002-01-01

193

30. VIEW OF STEEL STAIRCASE FROM MAIN 1889 WAITING ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. VIEW OF STEEL STAIRCASE FROM MAIN 1889 WAITING ROOM IN HEAD HOUSE, LOOKING EAST TO PASSENGER CONCOURSE AT SECOND LEVEL OF FERRY PORTION - Central Railroad of New Jersey, Jersey City Ferry Terminal, Johnson Avenue at Hudson River, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ

194

North wall, central part, showing doors to compressor room at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

North wall, central part, showing doors to compressor room at left and plant switch house at right (series 1 of 4) - Bureau of Mines Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Original Building, Date Street north of U.S. Highway 93, Boulder City, Clark County, NV

195

46. INTERIOR VIEW, MUSIC ROOM LOCATED AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

46. INTERIOR VIEW, MUSIC ROOM LOCATED AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF THE HOUSE ON THE FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING TO THE FIREPLACE IN THE EAST WALL (DUPLICATE OF HABS No. AL-424-32) - Arlington Place, 331 Cotton Avenue, Southwest, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

196

59. 451 MADISON AVENUE, DRAWING ROOM, NORTH WALL, CENTRAL MURAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

59. 451 MADISON AVENUE, DRAWING ROOM, NORTH WALL, CENTRAL MURAL PAINTING SHOWING WOMAN ON A SWING (See NY-5635-54 for original location) - Villard Houses, 451-457 Madison Avenue & 24 East Fifty-first Street, New York, New York County, NY

197

60. 451 MADISON AVENUE, DRAWING ROOM, NORTH WALL, WEST MURAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

60. 451 MADISON AVENUE, DRAWING ROOM, NORTH WALL, WEST MURAL PAINTING SHOWING A WOMAN (See NY-5635-54 for original location) - Villard Houses, 451-457 Madison Avenue & 24 East Fifty-first Street, New York, New York County, NY

198

VIEW THROUGH DECORATIVE GRILLE OF LIVING ROOM, WITH SLIDING DOORS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW THROUGH DECORATIVE GRILLE OF LIVING ROOM, WITH SLIDING DOORS ON THE LEFT HAND SIDE. VIEW FACING NORTH - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 9, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

199

4. WEST FACADE, DOOR LEADING TO THE ELECTRICAL ROOM ON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. WEST FACADE, DOOR LEADING TO THE ELECTRICAL ROOM ON RIGHT. THE DOOR TO THE LEFT IS THE WEST ENTRANCE TO THE CATWALK LOCATED OVER THE STORAGE TANKS. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Tank House, Quadrant 1, approximately 1000 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 2200 feet East of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

200

INTERIOR VIEW OF TANK CHARGING ROOM ON LEVEL 4; NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF TANK CHARGING ROOM ON LEVEL 4; NOTE HERRINGBONE-PATTERNED BRICK FLOOR; TIMBER SUBSTRUCTURE CARRIED CRANE USED TO REMOVE HEAVY TANK COVERS; WINDOWS IN ROOFTOP MONITOR PROVIDED AMPLE NATURAL LIGHT - Rath Packing Company, Inedible Tank House, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

201

INTERIOR VIEW OF LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE FRONT DOOR WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE FRONT DOOR WITH MOLDED PANELS IN THE ENTRY AND PAIRED SINGLE-PANEL SLIDING DOORS TO THE LANAI (RIGHT). VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST. - Hickam Field, Officers' Housing Type G, 205 Seventh Street, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

202

5. FIRST FLOOR FRONT ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. FIRST FLOOR FRONT ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED-- NOTE PRESENCE OF SECOND FLOOR WINDOWS (THE LATTER FLOOR WAS REMOVED MANY YEARS AGO), See also PA-1436 B-12 - Kid-Physick House, 325 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

203

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE DINING ROOM. NOTE THE PLATE RAIL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE DINING ROOM. NOTE THE PLATE RAIL ABOVE THE DOOR CASINGS AND THE BUILT-IN CHINA CABINET WITH DOUBLE DOORS WITH NARROW LIGHTS AND DIVIDED TOP LIGHTS. VIEW FACING SOUTH. - Hickam Field, Fort Kamehameha Officers' Housing Type Z, 19 Worchester Avenue, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

204

Nightly Room Rates Room Type Price per person  

E-print Network

/wardrobes, and a chest of drawers. Suite-style rooms: Bloss and ILLC rooms have sinks, and two rooms are adjoined on the floor, with individually-stalled showers. For guest comfort, we recommend bringing flip flops and robes

Escher, Christine

205

Central room (delivery room on plan) between the east and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Central room (delivery room on plan) between the east and west reading rooms, showing built-in card catalog drawers. View to south. - Sacramento Junior College, Library, 3835 Freeport Boulevard, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

206

15. Readiness Crew Building interior, Room 105, former briefing room, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. Readiness Crew Building interior, Room 105, former briefing room, looking northwest. Projection room in at the back wall. Thalheimer - Whiteman Air Force Base, Bomber Alert Facility S-6, 1300 Alert Road, Knob Noster, Johnson County, MO

207

Environmental factors associated with rodent infestations in Argentine poultry farms.  

PubMed

1. Seasonal variations in rodent infestations were studied at poultry farms in central Argentina as well as the environmental factors associated with rodent infestations at poultry farms. 2. During the summer and winter of 1998 rodent infestation was monitored at 10 poultry farms by means of tracking stations, and 21 environmental variables were selected that a priori could be related with the extent of rodent infestation. 3. There was a higher rodent infestation in winter than in summer. 4. Species detected by rodent sightings at the poultry farms included Akodon azarae, Calomys spp. (C. laucha and possibly C. musculinus) and Mus musculus. 5. In summer, rodent infestation was positively associated with the perimeter of the farm, whereas there was an inverse relationship with the maintenance conditions of the sheds. In winter, rodent infestation was positively associated with the percentage of the borders of the farm covered with vegetation, and with the amount of plant cover, especially the amount of plant cover which was above 20 cm in height. 6. There was no significant relationship between rodent infestation and the time lag since the last application of rodenticide (first-generation anticoagulant) at the farms. 7. These results suggest that strategies for controlling rodents based solely on chemical methods may not be good enough for efficient rodent control. Farms which are properly managed, with a better control of vegetation growth at both the perimeter and within the internal area, in addition to a higher maintenance of sheds have appreciably lower rodent infestations. PMID:11469547

Villafane IEG; Bilenca, D N; Cavia, R; Miño, M H; Cittadino, E A; Busch, M

2001-07-01

208

Northwestern University New Researcher Checklist: Evanston Campus Rodent Users  

E-print Network

and Access to CCM Facilities Register for Facility Orientation and Hands-On Rodent Euthanasia o Contact the CCM Training Office to register for Facility Orientation and Hands-On Rodent Euthanasia training: 312-503-2758 o Facility Orientation and Hands-On Rodent Euthanasia are: Held on Tuesdays at 10:30am and Fridays

Contractor, Anis

209

Nonprofit Housing Corporation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report consists of an explanation of the incorporation process as set up under Georgia Law, details concerning various Federal Housing Programs, an analysis of the existing nonprofit housing corporation in Georgia, and recommendations for establishing...

1972-01-01

210

100% petroleum house  

E-print Network

I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

2013-01-01

211

Housing Starts: May 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents statistics on new housing units started from 1964 to 1984. Statistics cover new privately owned housing units started in permit - issuing places, units authorized but not started in permit - issuing places, and manufacturers's shipmen...

1984-01-01

212

Houses undergoing psychoanalysis :  

E-print Network

The objective of this thesis is to explore the relationship between the self and the house. In approaching the subject, my assumptions were that the basic condition of the house-self relationship is of tension and animosity ...

Palmon, Ruth, 1970-

2002-01-01

213

Eco-House Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students in this course explore designs of a future Carleton College student house. This is a multi-year project where students from the social sciences, humanities / arts, and natural sciences explore parts of the design of an actual house.

Environmental Studies Course, Carleton College Professor Gary Wagenbach gwagenba@carleton.edu and Lecturer Richard Strong rstrong@acws.carleton.edu, Compiled by Suzanne Savanick, Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, ssavanic@carleton.edu

214

Room air monitor for radioactive aerosols  

DOEpatents

A housing assembly for use with a room air monitor for simultaneous collection and counting of suspended particles includes a casing containing a combination detector-preamplifier system at one end, a filter system at the other end, and an air flow system consisting of an air inlet formed in the casing between the detector-preamplifier system and the filter system and an air passageway extending from the air inlet through the casing and out the end opposite the detector-preamplifier combination. The filter system collects suspended particles transported directly through the housing by means of the air flow system, and these particles are detected and examined for radioactivity by the detector-pre The U.S. Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC04-76DP03533 between the Department of Energy and Rockwell International Corporation.

Balmer, David K. (Broomfield, CO); Tyree, William H. (Boulder, CO)

1989-04-11

215

Room air monitor for radioactive aerosols  

DOEpatents

A housing assembly for use with a room air monitor for simultaneous collection and counting of suspended particles includes a casing containing a combination detector-preamplifier system at one end, a filter system at the other end, and an air flow system consisting of an air inlet formed in the casing between the detector-preamplifier system and the filter system and an air passageway extending from the air inlet through the casing and out the end opposite the detector-preamplifier combination. The filter system collects suspended particles transported directly through the housing by means of the air flow system, and these particles are detected and examined for radioactivity by the detector-preamplifier combination. 2 figs.

Balmer, D.K.; Tyree, W.H.

1987-03-23

216

Too many rodent carcinogens: Mitogenesis increases mutagenesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A clarification of the mechanism of carcinogenesis is developing at a rapid rate. This new understanding undermines many assumptions of current regulatory policy toward rodent carcinogens and necessitates rethinking the utility and meaning of routine animal cancer tests. At a recent watershed meeting on carcinogenesis, much evidence was presented suggesting that mitogenesis plays a dominant role in carcinogenesis. Our own

B. N. Ames; L. S. Gold

1990-01-01

217

Housing Affordability and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the 1999-2005 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), this paper examines the effect of housing affordability on self-reportedhealth. Unaffordable housing costs can impose additional stress and anxiety on individuals, which in turn, may cause poorer health. Also, due to the budget constraint, higher housing costs imply that fewer resources could be spent toward better medical care,

Irina Grafova

2010-01-01

218

Novel Rodent Models for Macular Research  

PubMed Central

Background Many disabling human retinal disorders involve the central retina, particularly the macula. However, the commonly used rodent models in research, mouse and rat, do not possess a macula. The purpose of this study was to identify small laboratory rodents with a significant central region as potential new models for macular research. Methodology/Principal Findings Gerbillus perpallidus, Meriones unguiculatus and Phodopus campbelli, laboratory rodents less commonly used in retinal research, were subjected to confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO), fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) using standard equipment (Heidelberg Engineering HRA1 and Spectralis™) adapted to small rodent eyes. The existence of a visual streak-like pattern was assessed on the basis of vascular topography, retinal thickness, and the topography of retinal ganglion cells and cone photoreceptors. All three species examined showed evidence of a significant horizontal streak-like specialization. cSLO angiography and retinal wholemounts revealed that superficial retinal blood vessels typically ramify and narrow into a sparse capillary net at the border of the respective area located dorsal to the optic nerve. Similar to the macular region, there was an absence of larger blood vessels in the streak region. Furthermore, the thickness of the photoreceptor layer and the population density of neurons in the ganglion cell layer were markedly increased in the visual streak region. Conclusions/Significance The retinal specializations of Gerbillus perpallidus, Meriones unguiculatus and Phodopus campbelli resemble features of the primate macula. Hence, the rodents reported here may serve to study aspects of macular development and diseases like age-related macular degeneration and diabetic macular edema, and the preclinical assessment of therapeutic strategies. PMID:20976212

Huber, Gesine; Heynen, Severin; Imsand, Coni; vom Hagen, Franziska; Muehlfriedel, Regine; Tanimoto, Naoyuki; Feng, Yuxi; Hammes, Hans-Peter; Grimm, Christian; Peichl, Leo; Seeliger, Mathias W.; Beck, Susanne C.

2010-01-01

219

Meal-feeding rodents and toxicology research.  

PubMed

Most laboratory rodents used for toxicology studies are fed ad libitum, with unlimited access to food. As a result, ad libitum-fed rodents tend to overeat. Research demonstrates that ad libitum-fed rodents are physiologically and metabolically different from rodents fed controlled amounts of food at scheduled times (meal-fed). Ad libitum-fed rodents can develop hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, diet-induced obesity, nephropathy, cardiomyopathy, and pituitary, pancreatic, adrenal, and thyroid tumors, conditions likely to affect the results of toxicology research studies. In contrast, meal-feeding synchronizes biological rhythms and leads to a longer life span, lower body weight, lower body temperature, hypertrophy of the small intestine, and synchronization of hepatic and digestive enzymes. The circadian rhythms present in nearly all living organisms are entrained by light intensity and food intake, and peripheral clocks in all organs of the body, especially the GI tract and liver, are particularly sensitive to food intake. Feeding schedule has been demonstrated to alter the toxicity and metabolism of drugs including sodium valproate, chloral hydrate, acetaminophen, gentamicin, and methotrexate. Feeding schedule alters the expression of genes that code for Phase I, II, and III proteins, thereby altering the rate and amplitude of drug disposition. Rhythms of plasma insulin and glucagon that fluctuate with food ingestion are also altered by feeding schedule; ad libitum feeding promotes hyperinsulinemia which is a precursor for developing diabetes. The emerging field of chronopharmacology, the interaction of biological rhythms and drugs, will lead to optimizing the design and delivery of drugs in a manner that matches biological rhythms, but it is wise for toxicology researchers to consider feeding schedule when designing these experiments. It has been 10 years since the Society for Toxicologic Pathology voiced its position that feeding schedule is an important variable that should be controlled in toxicology experiments, and research continues to underscore this position. PMID:22642213

Carey, Gale B; Merrill, Lisa C

2012-08-20

220

Sustained high levels of neuregulin-1 in the longest-lived rodents; a key determinant of rodent longevity  

E-print Network

Sustained high levels of neuregulin-1 in the longest-lived rodents; a key determinant of rodent 31905, Israel Summary Naked mole-rats (Heterocephalus glaber), the longest-lived rodents, live 7% of their lives. Little is known about the mechanisms that allow them to delay the aging process and live so long

Huchon, Dorothée

221

Laser sheet light flow visualization for evaluating room air flowsfrom Registers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forced air heating and cooling systems and whole house ventilation systems deliver air to individual rooms in a house via supply registers located on walls ceilings or floors; and occasionally less straightforward locations like toe-kicks below cabinets. Ideally, the air velocity out of the registers combined with the turbulence of the flow, vectoring of air by register vanes and geometry

Iain S. Walker; Valerie Claret; Brian Smith

2006-01-01

222

Gas laboratory SMART HOUSE (trade name)  

SciTech Connect

The SMART HOUSE is a revolutionary approach to the distribution, use, and control of all forms of energy in homes. The concept involves distribution of gas via a system of semirigid piping system and use of a single hybrid cable offering electric power, communications, entertainment, security, and safety functions to every room in a house. GRI is conducting a research and testing program on the gas laboratory SMART HOUSE at the NAHB National Research Home Park in Bowie, Maryland. Advance gas features and equipment to be developed and tested at this site include zoned gas furnace, a space heater, compact gas meter, outdoor gas lights, residential cogenerator, direct-vent gas water heater, semirigid interior service piping, SMARTGAS range, natural gas dryer, remote-controlled gas grill, gas fireplace, methane detector, and future space-conditioning options.

Not Available

1987-01-01

223

Room to Grow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author explores and weighs all the options in choosing furniture for student housing. The first step in acquiring or upgrading residence hall furniture is to research. The Internet and colleagues on campus or at other institutions are options for gathering information. After researching product choices, administrators need to…

Blankenbaker, Lauren

2007-01-01

224

Rodent and scrub typhus survey in a ricefield at Kramat Tunngak area, Tanjung Priok, Jakarta, Indonesia.  

PubMed

Trapping of small mammals in a ricefield at Kramat Tunggak around Tanjung Priok in Jakarta city, was carried out from July 1977 through June 1978. Of three species of rodents, R.argentiventer was found to be the predominant species in the ricefield. R.r.diardii was an intermittent resident, and the presence of R.norvegicus was interesting observation. S.murinus, a house shrew, was also present. R.argentiventer was the dominant species during the periods when the rice grains were available as a source of food. Infestation with Gamasid mites and non-vector chiggers was found common in all rodent species examined. R. argentiventer was the only species found infested with the classical scrub typhus vector (L. (L.) deliense). The density and mean chigger-load of the scrub typhus vector chiggers were found to be high in stages 4 and 5 of the ricefields when the micro-habitats were favourable. The oriental rat flea (X. cheopis) was found infesting all species of rodents. PMID:7434074

Lim, B L; Hadi, T R; Sustriayu, N

1980-06-01

225

Gentrification and Homelessness: The Single Room Occupant and the Inner City Revival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how gentrification, described as due to both a shift in middle class values and to government policy, has forced out the single room occupancy hotels, rooming houses, and shelters that serve marginal populations and thus contributed to the growing numbers of homeless people. (CMG)

Philip, Kasinitz

1984-01-01

226

Wash room, bunkhouse, first floor interior. This room is a ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Wash room, bunkhouse, first floor interior. This room is a screened porch with the original sinks extant. Light and ventilation was borrowed from the wash room into the toilets and bathing rooms. - Sespe Ranch, Bunkhouse, 2896 Telegraph Road, Fillmore, Ventura County, CA

227

Obama Boosts Science Education During White House Student Fair  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the East Room of the White House flush with Nobel laureates and government officials, including freshly sworn-in U.S. National Science Foundation director Subra Suresh, President Barack Obama honored dozens of students who participated in a White House science fair on 18 October. The fair---many of whose participants have won other science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) competitions---is part of

Randy Showstack

2010-01-01

228

Field studies on dominant rodents and the efficacy of certain insecticides to their fleas in Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt.  

PubMed

A preliminary survey of domestic rodent and the efficacy of bendiocarb, diazinon and pirimiphos-methyl insecticides to their fleas were carried out in Dakahlia Governorates (Aga, Meet-Ghamr, El-Senbellawen, Temi El-Amded, Beni-Abed, Dekernes, Nabarow, Talkha, Menia El-Nasr and El-Kordy). Rodent index (number of rodent/trap) and percentage frequency of drodent species were recorded from October 2010 to May 2011. The main rodent species found were the Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus, the grey-bellied rat, R. rattus alexandrinus, the white-bellied rat, R. r. frugivorus and the house mouse, Mus musculus. The rodent index at Beni-Abed, Nabarow, Meet-Ghamr, Dekernes and El-Kordy centers showed 0.46, 0.39, 0.34, 0.33 & 0.33, respectively, while Menia El-Nasr center showed the lowest (0.08). Aga, Talkha, El-Senbellawen, and Temi El-Amded centers showed moderate (0.25, 0.21, 0.2 & 0.16, respectively). The commonest flea species was the oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, the mouse flea, Leptopsylla segnis, the dog flea, Ctenocephalides canis and the sticktight flea Echidnophaga gallinacea. The highest number of fleas was on R. norvegicus (Flea index=10.9) while lowest number was on Mus musculus (Flea index=0.1). X. cheopis was the highest frequency distributed for all domestic rodent species (60.9%), while, C. canis was the lowest (1.6%). The results showed that bendiocarb was effective (Lc50=0.389%) than diazinon (Lc50=1.039%) and pirimiphosmethyl (Lc50=2.056 %). PMID:21980770

Soliman, Mohamed Ismail; Mikhail, Micheal William

2011-08-01

229

[Residence quality of thatched houses from the viewpoint of thermal sanitation].  

PubMed

For the people who live in cold region, residence quality is especially important to their health, not only from economical aspects such as heating costs in the winter, but also thermal sanitation. Thatched houses are not rare in the district areas. From the climatic or historical implication, old thatched houses are recently improved or rebuilt and people intend to use them. That is, improvements are carried out on such old houses, and the good points are utilized, and reconstruction undertaken, and the example of presenting the house adaptation is also mainly observed. In this study, the thermal sanitation of the indoor environment in the winter was mainly examined on the cases of thatched houses near Fukushima City. The thatched houses used as research objects, are over 100 years after construction and they were previously used as sericulture farmhouses. A temperature and humidity collector and an automatic recording thermo-hygrometer were used in the measurement of the air temperature and humidity. This study was carried out in winter, February and March. The temperature was considerably different according to various parts of the rooms and time, and the air temperature near the ceiling was higher generally than the lower parts of room, near the floor. In the research of the housing where large-scale reconstruction was made, the room temperatures of the living room and kitchen were comparatively high at the time when they were used. In the meantime, room temperatures in the washroom, bedroom, etc. were generally low, showing a changing pattern, which was almost parallel to the change of the outside ambient temperature. In the research of the housing where ceilings had been added and the hearth, etc. had been improved; the room temperatures of most rooms were the lowest in early the morning. The room temperature of the living room rose in the morning and evening where the family gathered, and it was especially higher in the evening, showing air temperature from 12 degrees C to 18 degrees C. In the bedrooms, which did not use heating appliances such as oil heaters etc., the room temperature was generally low. In the present study, the room temperature of the living room was comparatively high and that of the bedrooms and lavatories in houses with inadequate heating system was low. Even if reconstruction or improvement of old houses is made, the thermal indoor condition is not sufficient. Consideration of thermal facilities of floor heating, etc. is necessary with the air-tightness of houses following reconstruction. PMID:10981183

Tanaka, M; Takahashi, H; Nakamura, K

2000-07-01

230

Cage allocation designs for rodent carcinogenicity experiments.  

PubMed Central

Cage allocation designs for rodent carcinogenicity experiments are discussed and presented with the goal of avoiding dosage group biases related to cage location. Considerations in selecting a cage design are first discussed in general terms. Specific designs are presented for use in experiments involving three, four, and five dose groups and with one, four, and five rodents per cage. Priorities for balancing treatment groups include horizontal position on shelf and shelf of rack, nearest neighbor balance, and male-female balance. It is proposed that these balance criteria be considered together with practical issues, such as the ability to accurately conform to a design and to determine a sensible and efficient design for each experiment. PMID:1295494

Herzberg, A M; Lagakos, S W

1992-01-01

231

Rodent models of TDP-43: Recent advances  

PubMed Central

Recently, missense mutations in the gene TARDBP encoding TDP-43 have been linked to familial ALS. The discovery of genes encoding these RNA binding proteins, such as TDP-43 and FUS/TLS, raised the notion that altered RNA metabolism is a major factor underlying the pathogenesis of ALS. To begin to unravel how mutations in TDP-43 cause dysfunction and death of motor neurons, investigators have employed both gain- and loss-of-function studies in rodent model systems. Here, we will summarize major findings from the initial sets of TDP-43 transgenic and knockout rodent models, identify their limitations, and point to future directions toward clarification of disease mechanism(s) and testing of therapeutic strategies that ultimately may lead to novel therapy for this devastating disease. PMID:22608070

Tsao, William; Jeong, Yun Ha; Lin, Sophie; Ling, Jonathan; Price, Donald L.; Chiang, Po-Min; Wong, Philip C.

2013-01-01

232

Evidence for Novel Hepaciviruses in Rodents  

PubMed Central

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is among the most relevant causes of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Research is complicated by a lack of accessible small animal models. The systematic investigation of viruses of small mammals could guide efforts to establish such models, while providing insight into viral evolutionary biology. We have assembled the so-far largest collection of small-mammal samples from around the world, qualified to be screened for bloodborne viruses, including sera and organs from 4,770 rodents (41 species); and sera from 2,939 bats (51 species). Three highly divergent rodent hepacivirus clades were detected in 27 (1.8%) of 1,465 European bank voles (Myodes glareolus) and 10 (1.9%) of 518 South African four-striped mice (Rhabdomys pumilio). Bats showed anti-HCV immunoblot reactivities but no virus detection, although the genetic relatedness suggested by the serologic results should have enabled RNA detection using the broadly reactive PCR assays developed for this study. 210 horses and 858 cats and dogs were tested, yielding further horse-associated hepaciviruses but none in dogs or cats. The rodent viruses were equidistant to HCV, exceeding by far the diversity of HCV and the canine/equine hepaciviruses taken together. Five full genomes were sequenced, representing all viral lineages. Salient genome features and distance criteria supported classification of all viruses as hepaciviruses. Quantitative RT-PCR, RNA in-situ hybridisation, and histopathology suggested hepatic tropism with liver inflammation resembling hepatitis C. Recombinant serology for two distinct hepacivirus lineages in 97 bank voles identified seroprevalence rates of 8.3 and 12.4%, respectively. Antibodies in bank vole sera neither cross-reacted with HCV, nor the heterologous bank vole hepacivirus. Co-occurrence of RNA and antibodies was found in 3 of 57 PCR-positive bank vole sera (5.3%). Our data enable new hypotheses regarding HCV evolution and encourage efforts to develop rodent surrogate models for HCV. PMID:23818848

Drexler, Jan Felix; Corman, Victor Max; Muller, Marcel Alexander; Lukashev, Alexander N.; Gmyl, Anatoly; Coutard, Bruno; Adam, Alexander; Ritz, Daniel; Leijten, Lonneke M.; van Riel, Debby; Kallies, Rene; Klose, Stefan M.; Gloza-Rausch, Florian; Binger, Tabea; Annan, Augustina; Adu-Sarkodie, Yaw; Oppong, Samuel; Bourgarel, Mathieu; Rupp, Daniel; Hoffmann, Bernd; Schlegel, Mathias; Kummerer, Beate M.; Kruger, Detlev H.; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas; Setien, Alvaro Aguilar; Cottontail, Veronika M.; Hemachudha, Thiravat; Wacharapluesadee, Supaporn; Osterrieder, Klaus; Bartenschlager, Ralf; Matthee, Sonja; Beer, Martin; Kuiken, Thijs; Reusken, Chantal; Leroy, Eric M.; Ulrich, Rainer G.; Drosten, Christian

2013-01-01

233

Growth of Francisella spp. in rodent macrophages.  

PubMed Central

We examined the nature of the interactions between the facultative intracellular pathogens Francisella tularensis and F. novicida and rodent macrophages. Growth of F. tularensis LVS was observed in macrophage monolayers from mice, guinea pigs, or rats. In contrast, F. novicida grew in macrophages from mice and guinea pigs but not in macrophages from rats. Transmission electron microscopy studies indicated that both Francisella species survive within macrophage phagosomes that are unfused with lysosomes. Images PMID:1879943

Anthony, L D; Burke, R D; Nano, F E

1991-01-01

234

Partial Rodent Genetic Models for Bipolar Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Bipolar disorder (BPD) is a complex clinical phenomenon. This episodic illness comprises at least four features\\/components:\\u000a depression, mania, vulnerability to mood swings in euthymic BPD patients, and spontaneous cyclicity in at least some BPD patients.\\u000a Currently, there is no rodent genetic model capable of encompassing the whole phenotype of BPD exists; however, recent genetic-behavioral\\u000a studies have delineated partial models for

Guang Chen; Ioline D. Henter; Husseini K. Manji

235

Neurogenetics of aggressive behavior: studies in rodents.  

PubMed

Aggressive behavior is observed in many animal species, such as insects, fish, lizards, frogs, and most mammals including humans. This wide range of conservation underscores the importance of aggressive behavior in the animals' survival and fitness, and the likely heritability of this behavior. Although typical patterns of aggressive behavior differ between species, there are several concordances in the neurobiology of aggression among rodents, primates, and humans. Studies with rodent models may eventually help us to understand the neurogenetic architecture of aggression in humans. However, it is important to recognize the difference between the ecological and ethological significance of aggressive behavior (species-typical aggression) and maladaptive violence (escalated aggression) when applying the findings of aggression research using animal models to human or veterinary medicine. Well-studied rodent models for aggressive behavior in the laboratory setting include the mouse (Mus musculus), rat (Rattus norvegicus), hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), and prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster). The neural circuits of rodent aggression have been gradually elucidated by several techniques, e.g., immunohistochemistry of immediate-early gene (c-Fos) expression, intracranial drug microinjection, in vivo microdialysis, and optogenetics techniques. Also, evidence accumulated from the analysis of gene-knockout mice shows the involvement of several genes in aggression. Here, we review the brain circuits that have been implicated in aggression, such as the hypothalamus, prefrontal cortex (PFC), dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), nucleus accumbens (NAc), and olfactory system. We then discuss the roles of glutamate and ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA), excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in the brain, as well as their receptors, in controlling aggressive behavior, focusing mainly on recent findings. At the end of this chapter, we discuss how genes can be identified that underlie individual differences in aggression, using the so-called forward genetics approach. PMID:24318936

Takahashi, Aki; Miczek, Klaus A

2014-01-01

236

Romper Room: An Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video-tape recordings of the Romper Room program carried by TV station WEMT, Bangor, Maine were examined in an attempt to classify and describe various program elements. Tapes were monitored to obtain descriptions of program activities and to focus on some of the commercial announcements. For the total week studied, more than one-third (36%) of…

Barcus, F. Earle

237

Clean room wiping cloths  

SciTech Connect

The function and construction of wiping cloths offered for use in clean rooms are discussed, and the reasons for selecting knit, filamentary, polyester cloths are given. The generally used methods for testing wipers for particulate contamination are described and evaluated. A simple screening test is described and results are presented of using the test on several commercial wipers. The additional work needed is stated.

Harding, W.B.

1993-04-01

238

Rooms with a View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When well-designed and integrated into a campus living or learning space, an atrium can function as the heart and spirit of a building, connecting interior rooms and public spaces with the outside environment. However, schools and universities should seek technological and HVAC solutions that maximize energy efficiency. This article discusses how…

Hourihan, Peter; Berry, Millard, III

2006-01-01

239

Spontaneous Type 2 Diabetic Rodent Models  

PubMed Central

Diabetes mellitus, especially type 2 diabetes (T2DM), is one of the most common chronic diseases and continues to increase in numbers with large proportion of health care budget being used. Many animal models have been established in order to investigate the mechanisms and pathophysiologic progress of T2DM and find effective treatments for its complications. On the basis of their strains, features, advantages, and disadvantages, various types of animal models of T2DM can be divided into spontaneously diabetic models, artificially induced diabetic models, and transgenic/knockout diabetic models. Among these models, the spontaneous rodent models are used more frequently because many of them can closely describe the characteristic features of T2DM, especially obesity and insulin resistance. In this paper, we aim to investigate the current available spontaneous rodent models for T2DM with regard to their characteristic features, advantages, and disadvantages, and especially to describe appropriate selection and usefulness of different spontaneous rodent models in testing of various new antidiabetic drugs for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. PMID:23671868

Wang, Yang-wei; Sun, Guang-dong; Sun, Jing; Liu, Shu-jun; Wang, Ji; Xu, Xiao-hong; Miao, Li-ning

2013-01-01

240

Fairbanks House Historical Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an inner ring suburb of Boston there sits a home that is over 350 years old. The home was constructed in 1640 in Dedham, and it is considered the oldest timber frame house identified in North America. Visitors to the Boston region area shouldn't miss it, however those who are unable to visit can learn more about this remarkable domicile on this website. Visitors will find plenty of interesting information in the sections titled "The House", "History", and "The Family". In "The House" section, visitors can learn about the houses' unusual history, and view a slideshow of images of the exterior and the interior. Moving over to "History", visitors will find period photographs and documents that provide insightful stories into the house's past inhabitants. Finally, the site also has a fine archaeological blog which talks about the various work that has been done on the house and the grounds.

241

NASA Tech House  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Technology Utilization House, called Tech House, was designed and constructed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, to demonstrate new technology that is available or will be available in the next several years and how the application of aerospace technology could help advance the homebuilding industry. Solar energy use, energy and water conservation, safety, security, and cost were major considerations in adapting the aerospace technology to the construction of Tech House.

1977-01-01

242

House-Dust Allergy  

PubMed Central

House-dust allergy is a common cause of perennial allergic rhinitis and extrinsic asthma. Symptoms tend to be worse when the patient is in bed. A positive skin test properly performed and interpreted confirms the diagnosis. The house-dust mite is the most important antigenic component of house-dust. Treatment consists of environmental control directed at reducing the mite content of bedroom dust, plus control of symptoms with drugs. Immunotherapy is controversial. ImagesFig. 1 PMID:21286201

Johnson, C. A.

1982-01-01

243

Neuregulin 1: a prime candidate for research into gene-environment interactions in schizophrenia? Insights from genetic rodent models  

PubMed Central

Schizophrenia is a multi-factorial disease characterized by a high heritability and environmental risk factors. In recent years, an increasing number of researchers worldwide have started investigating the “two-hit hypothesis” of schizophrenia predicting that genetic and environmental risk factors (GxE) interactively cause the development of the disorder. This work is starting to produce valuable new animal models and reveal novel insights into the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. This mini review will focus on recent advancements in the field made by challenging mutant and transgenic rodent models for the schizophrenia candidate gene neuregulin 1 (NRG1) with particular environmental factors. It will outline results obtained from mouse and rat models for various Nrg1 isoforms/isoform types (e.g., transmembrane domain Nrg1, Type II Nrg1), which have been exposed to different forms of stress (acute versus chronic, restraint versus social) and housing conditions (standard laboratory versus minimally enriched housing). These studies suggest Nrg1 as a prime candidate for GxE interactions in schizophrenia rodent models and that the use of rodent models will enable a better understanding of GxE interactions and the underlying mechanisms. PMID:23966917

Karl, Tim

2013-01-01

244

75 FR 41225 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) First Look Sales Method for Grantees, Nonprofit...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Building, 100 Penn Square East, Philadelphia, PA 19107- 3389 Santa Ana HOC: U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development, Santa Ana Homeownership Center, Santa Ana Federal Building, 34 Civic Center Plaza, Room 7015, Santa Ana,...

2010-07-15

245

University Housing, Dining Services and E.H. Hereford University Center  

E-print Network

college experience. Whether you prefer a private room with suite-style living or have interest in sharingUniversity Housing, Dining Services and E.H. Hereford University Center 150 University Center · Box

Texas at Arlington, University of

246

Pesticide loadings of select organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides in urban public housing.  

EPA Science Inventory

We investigated the magnitude and distribution of pyrethroid and organophosphate pesticide loadings within public housing dwellings in Boston, Massachusetts and compared the results using various sampling methods. We collected dust matrices from living room and kitchen in 42 apar...

247

Enrichment Strategies Rodents in the Laboratory  

E-print Network

a compromised immune system when compared to socially housed mice (Schwartz et al., 1974). Moreover, mice-regulated species, e.g., rats, mice, birds, and other laboratory animals, continues to receive attention from

Bandettini, Peter A.

248

Clean room wiping cloths  

SciTech Connect

The suitability of various fabrics for use as clean room wiping cloths was investigated. These fabrics included knit polyester, knit nylon, urethane foam, woven cotton, nonwoven polyester, nonwoven rayon, nonwoven polyethylene and polypropylene, and woven nylon. These materials were tested for detachable lint and fibers, deterioration, and oil content which could leave contaminating films on wiped surfaces. Well-laundered nylon and polyester cloths knitted from filamentary yarn, with hems, were found to be suitable. (LCL)

Harding, W.B.

1981-01-01

249

Housing and urban poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Officer, Kwasi Owusu?Adade, at the Building and Road Research Institute at Kumasi, highlights the role housing plays in the life of the rural migrant and concludes that a greater commitment by government could be demonstrated in practical terms. Low?income housing requires a supply of land on a rolling basis with the encouragement of locally produced materials, material depots and

1990-01-01

250

FIELD HOUSE KOSHLAND WAY  

E-print Network

TO FAMILY STUDENT HOUSING TO OAKES COLLEGE APT. BLDG 1 APT. BLDG 2 240 HOUSING SERVICES OAKES/EIGHT DINING TO PARKING & PORTER COLLEGE VOLLEYBALLCOURT BASKETBALL CO URT A-L B-L APARTMENT BLDG 6 APARTMENT BLDG 5 HALL N COLLEGE EIGHT 0 60 SCALE IN FEET S S T 911 Disabled parking space Disabled access path Disabled

California at Santa Cruz, University of

251

Housing in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

INDES provides training programmes for public officials in Latin America and the Caribbean .Its current courses currently emphasize strategies for poverty reduction and the provision of social services, particularly education and health. INDES is considering extending its programme to include discussion of a current orphan of social policy, housing and shelter. This poses three questions. First, why is housing deserving

Alan Gilbert

2001-01-01

252

Multiple pump housing  

DOEpatents

A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott; Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

2010-03-23

253

Control rod housing alignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a process for measuring the vertical alignment between a hole in a core plate and the top of a corresponding control rod drive housing within a boiling water reactor. It comprises: providing an alignment apparatus. The alignment apparatus including a lower end for fitting to the top of the control rod drive housing; an upper end for

R. C. Dixon; G. A. Deaver; J. R. Punches; G. E. Singleton; J. G. Erbes; H. P. Offer

1990-01-01

254

A Functional Housing Market  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

255

Julia C. Hester House.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report is made on the Hester House, a community center located in Area 3 of the Houston, Texas, Comprehensive Service Program area. It has been in existence for thirty years and is based on the old settlement house concept, including citizenship classes...

P. Parker

1972-01-01

256

DETAIL VIEW OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ROOM, FIRING ROOM NO. 3, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ROOM, FIRING ROOM NO. 3, FACING NORTH - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Launch Control Center, LCC Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

257

DETAIL VIEW OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ROOM, FIRING ROOM NO. 3, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ROOM, FIRING ROOM NO. 3, FACING SOUTHEAST - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Launch Control Center, LCC Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

258

DETAIL VIEW OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ROOM, FIRING ROOM NO. 4, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ROOM, FIRING ROOM NO. 4, FACING WEST - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Launch Control Center, LCC Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

259

DETAIL VIEW OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ROOM, FIRING ROOM NO. 3, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT ROOM, FIRING ROOM NO. 3, FACING EAST - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Launch Complex 39, Launch Control Center, LCC Road, East of Kennedy Parkway North, Cape Canaveral, Brevard County, FL

260

Telephone equipment room (room 227), looking east along the switchboard ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Telephone equipment room (room 227), looking east along the switchboard panels. "Looking glass" panel is located at center, just above the desk - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

261

3. WEST ELEVATION; ELEVATIONS OF ROOM 'C' (DRAWING ROOM); EXTERIOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. WEST ELEVATION; ELEVATIONS OF ROOM 'C' (DRAWING ROOM); EXTERIOR ELEVATION DOORS A & B; REFLECTED PLAN PANELLED SOFFIT, DOORS A & B - Wakefield, State Route 204, Wakefield Corner, Westmoreland County, VA

262

16. Readiness Crew Building interior, Room 105, former briefing room, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Readiness Crew Building interior, Room 105, former briefing room, looking southeast. Thalheimer - Whiteman Air Force Base, Bomber Alert Facility S-6, 1300 Alert Road, Knob Noster, Johnson County, MO

263

Effects of Cage Type and NASA Rodent Food Bar in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Early prototype caging for the rodent Advanced Animal Habitat (P-AAH) for the International Space Station (ISS) is currently being tested. In this five week study, effects of the wire-bottom P-AAH cages and specialized NASA rodent food bars (FB) were compared to standard vivarium cages (VIV) with corn-cob, litter-filled bottoms, and standard Purina rat chow (CH). Ninety-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four treatment groups (24 rats/treatment): Group 1) VIV+CH, Group 2) P-AAH+CH, Group 3) VIV+FB, and Group 4) P-AAH+FB. Each VIV and P-AAH cage housed three and six rats, respectively. After five weeks of treatment rats were weighed, euthanized, and blood samples were collected. Weights of liver (LIV), kidney (KID), brain (BRN), epididymal fat (EPI), and perirenal fat (PERI) were also measured. Statistical analysis to compare differences between groups was performed by standard analysis of variance procedures (ANOVA) with a significance level of pLO.05. Results indicated P-AAH housed rats had significantly lower body weights (BW), LIV weights, and LIV/BW than VIV housed rats. FB fed rats had significantly lower blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels and LIV/BW than CH fed rats. In addition, FB fed rats had significantly higher cholesterol (CHOL) levels, EPI/BW, PERI/BW, and total fat (EPI+PERI)/BW than CH fed rats. The P-AAH+FB group had significantly lower EPI, BRN, and total fat than VIV+FB rats. VIV+FB rats had significantly higher BRN, EPI, PERI, and total fat than VIV+CH rats. Triglycerides (TG), KID, KID/BW, and BRN/BW were not significantly different among treatment groups. These findings provide valuable information regarding cage design and food bar suitability for long-term use on the ISS.

Lau, Angela; Ramirez, J.; Pruitt, S.; Melson, E.; Zirkle-Yoshida, M.; Girten, B.; Apseloff, G.

2001-01-01

264

Colonial House - PBS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Preview the newest installment in public television's hands-on history series, following Frontier House, Manor House, and 1900 House. Set in 1628, Colonial House will be broadcast in May. At the website, there are audio and video diaries in which the twenty-eight colonists from the UK and US give accounts of their experiences learning to live in 1628. Also provided is a map of the village and essays by the experts consulted for the show to insure historical authenticity. One such piece is _A Historian Awakens 1628_, by Emerson "Tad" Baker, a specialist on the early history of Maine, which is where Colonial House was filmed. There's also a Meet the Colonists gallery with photos and 21st and 17th century biographies of the settlers, lesson plans and activities for teachers, and a Resources section, with related Web sites and books.

265

Campus Housing Regulations & Guidelines Housing Services  

E-print Network

Guests 9 Harassment 9 Marijuana 10 Noise and Quiet Hours 10 Pets 11 Safety and Security 13 Smoking 13 to arrest by Police Services and prosecution within the legal system. Students are required to show proof of identification while in the Residential Community. Housing, University Conduct and legal action are separate

Ravikumar, B.

266

WILLIAM AND MARY ATHLETICS Request for Housing and/or Meal Allotment  

E-print Network

WILLIAM AND MARY ATHLETICS Request for Housing and/or Meal Allotment Sport: Allotment Request is based on the college's housing authority average room charge. I will receive four checks each semester in February, March, April and May. This portion of the scholarship will not cover any off campus apartment

Swaddle, John

267

TEST METHODS TO CHARACTERIZE PARTICULATE MATTER EMISSIONS AND DEPOSITION RATES IN A RESEARCH HOUSE  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses test methods to characterize particulate matter (PM) emissions and deposition rates in a research house. In a room in the research house, specially configured for PM source testing, a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA)-filtered air supply system, used for...

268

MANAGEMENT OF BIOINFORMATICS ROOM POLICY About the Bioinformatics Room  

E-print Network

MANAGEMENT OF BIOINFORMATICS ROOM POLICY About the Bioinformatics Room The UC Davis Department of Plant Pathology Bioinformatics Computing Lab located in Storer room 5204 is an open environment scientific datasets. A multitude of both paid and open source bioinformatics and research software

Ferrara, Katherine W.

269

Room with a View: Ethical Encounters in Room 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes ethical encounters in Room 13, a schoolroom where children made what they wanted, posed their own questions, and ran an art room like a small business. In Room 13 children had the responsibility to maintain all aspects of the art studio. Specific decisions fell to an annually elected management team, a small…

Grube, Vicky

2012-01-01

270

9. ELEVATIONS OF ROOM 'A' (SOUTH END), ROOM 'C' (NORTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. ELEVATIONS OF ROOM 'A' (SOUTH END), ROOM 'C' (NORTH END), ROOM 'D' (NORTH END), AND STAIR WELL (SOUTH WALL); SECTIONS OF SHELF AND SIDE LINING OF CUPBOARDS AND OF DOOR JAMB - Wakefield, State Route 204, Wakefield Corner, Westmoreland County, VA

271

66. LOOKING NORTH INSIDE THE CAST HOUSE FOR DOROTHY SIX ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

66. LOOKING NORTH INSIDE THE CAST HOUSE FOR DOROTHY SIX BLAST FURNACE. THE IRON RUNNER IS IN THE FOREGROUND, AND THE BLOWERS CONTROL ROOM IS IN THE CENTER OF THE PHOTOGRAPHER. (Jet Lowe) - U.S. Steel Duquesne Works, Blast Furnace Plant, Along Monongahela River, Duquesne, Allegheny County, PA

272

Europe's Housing Squeeze Puts Students in Tight Spots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affordable housing is an elusive commodity for students in Paris and much of the rest of Europe. Many European universities are in cities where property values have soared in recent years--along with higher-education enrollment figures and the number of students vying for rooms. Few of the universities have dormitories, and students are left…

Labi, Aisha

2008-01-01

273

35. INTERIOR VIEW OF EQUIPMENT HOUSE, SUBMARINE ESCAPE TRAINING TANK, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. INTERIOR VIEW OF EQUIPMENT HOUSE, SUBMARINE ESCAPE TRAINING TANK, PRIOR TO ENLARGEMENT OF ROOM AND INSTALLATION OF TRIPLE-LOCK RECOMPRESSION CHAMBER IN 1957 - U.S. Naval Submarine Base, New London Submarine Escape Training Tank, Albacore & Darter Roads, Groton, New London County, CT

274

VIEW OF BUILDING 778 LOOKING WESTSOUTHWEST. BUILDING 778 HOUSED LAUNDRY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF BUILDING 778 LOOKING WEST-SOUTHWEST. BUILDING 778 HOUSED LAUNDRY FACILITIES, SHOWERS, LOCKER ROOMS, SANITARY FACILITIES, AN ELECTRIC SHOP, MACHINE SHOP, SHEET METAL SHOP, AND INERT GAS STORAGE. (12/7/90) - Rocky Flats Plant, Laundry Facility, Northeast quad of Plant between buildings 776/777 & 707, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

275

Room considerations with TAVR.  

PubMed

While transcatheter aortic valve replacement is considered a viable alternative to traditional surgery for patients with critical aortic stenosis, it is still a cardiac surgical procedure with a steep learning curve. Space consideration is a key aspect of the procedure's success. A TAVR program requires the commitment from and investment of institutional resources, the outfitting of an appropriate procedure room, and meticulous training of a multidisciplinary TAVR team. Careful integration of the various imaging modalities, medical specialties, and equipment is necessary to ensure the safety and efficacy of the procedure and to treat complications that may arise. PMID:22891123

Kleiman, Neal

2012-01-01

276

CAMAC Interface Control Room  

E-print Network

10 CEF1-EE-652 FCPC 1St. Flr. Crate 36,7 CTF2-EE-607 FCPC 1St. Flr. Crate 3 CTF1-EE-603 FCPC 1St. Flr. Crate 2 CTF1-EE-602 FCPC 1St. Flr. Crate 5 CTF2-EE-605 FCPC 1St. Flr. Crates 18, 6 CTF2-EE-606 FCPC 1St. Flr. Crate 8 CTF1-EE-608 FCPC 1St. Flr. Crate 62 CCR-EE-092 Control Room E E E E E E E E E E E E E 6

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

277

Room Considerations with TAVR  

PubMed Central

While transcatheter aortic valve replacement is considered a viable alternative to traditional surgery for patients with critical aortic stenosis, it is still a cardiac surgical procedure with a steep learning curve. Space consideration is a key aspect of the procedure’s success. A TAVR program requires the commitment from and investment of institutional resources, the outfitting of an appropriate procedure room, and meticulous training of a multidisciplinary TAVR team. Careful integration of the various imaging modalities, medical specialties, and equipment is necessary to ensure the safety and efficacy of the procedure and to treat complications that may arise. PMID:22891123

2012-01-01

278

John Milton Reading Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A collaborative project between Thomas Luxon, associate professor of English at Dartmouth College, and his students, the Milton Reading Room offers most of Milton's major poetry in English, including Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained, "On the Morning of Christ's Nativity," Samson Agonistes, and "Lycidas;" and selected major prose works, including Areopagitica, The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce, Of Education, and The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates. The texts include framed annotations that link to reference materials, such as sources of literary allusions and historical background, as well as gloss archaic words or uses. Researchers in Milton studies will find the extensive bibliography of recent secondary literature especially helpful.

279

Housing And Mounting Structure  

DOEpatents

This invention relates to an optical transmitter, receiver or transceiver module, and more particularly, to an apparatus for connecting a first optical connector to a second optical connector. The apparatus comprises: (1) a housing having at least a first end and at least a second end, the first end of the housing capable of receiving the first optical connector, and the second end of the housing capable of receiving the second optical connector; (2) a longitudinal cavity extending from the first end of the housing to the second end of the housing; and (3) an electromagnetic shield comprising at least a portion of the housing. This invention also relates to an apparatus for housing a flexible printed circuit board, and this apparatus comprises: (1) a mounting structure having at least a first surface and a second surface; (2) alignment ridges along the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure, the alignment ridges functioning to align and secure a flexible printed circuit board that is wrapped around and attached to the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure; and (3) a series of heat sink ridges adapted to the mounting structure, the heat sink ridges functioning to dissipate heat that is generated from the flexible printed circuit board.

Anderson, Gene R. (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Johnny R.F. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM); Carson, Richard F. (Albuquerque, NM); Duckett, III, Edwin B. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick B. (Albuquerque, NM); Miller, Gregory V. (Kansas City, MO); Peterson, David W. (Sandia Park, NM); Smith, Terrance T. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-08

280

HOUSING AGENCIES IN SASKATOON The following agencies can assist students with affordable housing, cooperative housing, social housing,  

E-print Network

HOUSING AGENCIES IN SASKATOON The following agencies can assist students with affordable housing for seniors, families, and wheelchair disabled people of native ancestry. The SRI supports native families

Saskatchewan, University of

281

RELEASE AND RECAPTURE OF GERMAN COCKROACHES BLATTELLA GERMANICA (L.), IN A VACANT HOUSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The activities of released German cockroaches in a vacant wooden house were investigated. Migrations to rooms away from the release point were infrequent and most cockroaches remained near the release point. Populations of cockroaches which became established in rooms, increased in summer but decreased with the fall in indoor temperature. However, the population which became established around the heating resource

IKUO TANAKA; MITUGU MOTOKI

282

An Energy Saving Technique Using Ondol Heating Schedule Control of Housing Units in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was performed to determine the heating energy savings and carbon dioxide reduction that would result from turning off ondol heating in housing units in Korea. Lowering the room temperature and intermittent heating of a room are effective methods for reducing heating energy consumption. These techniques were proven in our previous studies by modelling simulations. To confirm the simulations

Sunkuk Kim; Donghoon Lee; Hiki Hong

2010-01-01

283

6.RP Dana's House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: The lot that Dana is buying for her new one story house is 35 yards by 50 yards. Danaâs house plans show that her house will cover 1,600 square feet of...

284

The Mark Twain House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the mention of Mark Twain may make one think of drifting along the Mississippi, the noted American author and curmudgeon wrote most of his famous works while living in this home in Hartford, Connecticut. Visitors to the site can take a virtual tour of the house, which is also notable for having one of the few remaining Tiffany-designed interiors. The site also has several activities for young people and a sample lesson plan designed for elementary school teachers. Additional sections provide information on relevant events at the house and membership information for those wishing to support the ongoing work done for and at the Mark Twain house.

2000-01-01

285

Visual Landmarks Facilitate Rodent Spatial Navigation in Virtual Reality Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because many different sensory modalities contribute to spatial learning in rodents, it has been difficult to determine whether spatial navigation can be guided solely by visual cues. Rodents moving within physical environments with visual cues engage a variety of nonvisual sensory systems that cannot be easily inhibited without lesioning brain…

Youngstrom, Isaac A.; Strowbridge, Ben W.

2012-01-01

286

ORIGINAL PAPER Island prioritization for invasive rodent eradications  

E-print Network

/ Accepted: 1 December 2011 Ã? Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract Invasive rodents occur that long-term conserva- tion gain should be the primary focus when prioritising islands for invasive rodent weights to levels of unit reinvasion risk and unit conservation value. The choice of parameter weights may

Courchamp, Franck

287

Competition between harvester ants and rodents in the cold desert  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local distribution patterns of three rodent species (Perognathus parvus, Peromyscus maniculatus, Reithrodontomys megalotis) were studied in areas of high and low densities of harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex owyheei) in Raft River Valley, Idaho. Numbers of rodents were greatest in areas of high ant-density during May, but partially reduced in August; whereas, the trend was reversed in areas of low ant-density. Seed

D. S. Landeen; C. D. Jorgensen; H. D. Smith

1979-01-01

288

Ultrasonic attenuation imaging in a rodent thyroid cancer model  

E-print Network

Ultrasonic attenuation imaging in a rodent thyroid cancer model Omar Zenteno¹, William Ridgway-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. Abstract--The incidence of diagnosed thyroid cancer has increased significantly may allow differentiating among different types of thyroid tumors and normal tissues in a rodent model

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

289

PREDICTIVE SIMULATION MODELING FOR ANTIANDROGEN IMPACTS ON RODENT PROSTATE  

EPA Science Inventory

Predictive simulation modeling for antiandrogen impacts on rodent prostate HA Barton1, RW Setzer1, LK Potter1,2 1US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, ETD, PKB, Research Triangle Park, NC and 2Curriculum in Toxicology, UNC, Chapel Hill, NC Changes in rodent prostate weight and functi...

290

Genome sequence and comparative analysis of the model rodent malaria  

E-print Network

Genome sequence and comparative analysis of the model rodent malaria parasite Plasmodium yoelii Medical Centre, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands § Naval Medical Research Center, Malaria ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Species of malaria parasite that infect rodents have long been used as models for malaria disease research

Salzberg, Steven

291

Recent and Widespread Rapid Morphological Change in Rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In general, rapid morphological change in mammals has been infrequently documented. Examples that do exist are almost exclusively of rodents on islands. Such changes are usually attributed to selective release or founder events related to restricted gene flow in island settings. Here we document rapid morphological changes in rodents in 20 of 28 museum series collected on four continents, including

Oliver R. W. Pergams; Joshua J. Lawler; Erik I. Svensson

2009-01-01

292

The structure of rodent faunas associated with arenaviral infections  

PubMed Central

The biogeographical examination of rodent faunas associated with arenaviruses reveals two distinct patterns. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus is associated primarily with a single murid species, Mus musculus, although it is also known to cause laboratory infections in other species. On the other hand, the arenaviruses from the Western hemisphere are associated exclusively with a large and diverse group of cricetid rodents. Studies to date, although limited, have not demonstrated their association with any other rodent groups, although in South America alone at least twelve other rodent families are known. Evidence at the present time indicates that Lassa virus is only associated with a common African rodent, Mastomys natalensis. From this limited evidence it is as yet difficult to determine whether Lassa virus will follow the pattern of the South American arenaviruses, most of which are known from several species of rodents, or that of LCM virus, which appears to be associated with only a single rodent species. In this paper, the history and structure of South American, Eurasian, and African rodent faunas are described. PMID:182403

Arata, A. A.; Gratz, N. G.

1975-01-01

293

Problems associated with the control of rodents in tropical Africa  

PubMed Central

As elsewhere in the world, rodents are responsible for very considerable economic losses in tropical Africa because of their depredations on both growing crops and stored food products. Unfortunately, few accurate data are available on the extent of these losses but there is evidence that they are considerable. The public health importance of rodents, both as reservoirs and vectors of disease in tropical Africa, is also great; plague, leptospirosis, murine typhus, and Lassa fever are among the diseases associated with rodent hosts. Scientifically based rodent control programmes have been carried out in very few areas of Africa and there is urgent need for studies and demonstrations on rodent control in both urban and rural areas. The problems likely to be encountered are reviewed and methods of control proposed. PMID:1085224

Gratz, N. G.; Arata, A. A.

1975-01-01

294

Hood River Passive House  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hales, D.

2013-03-01

295

Housing markets : Mexico  

E-print Network

What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

2009-01-01

296

Traditional Housing Designs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Use of timber for housing construction in developing countries, with special reference to traditional building design - covers (1) the critical shortage of adequate dwellings; problems of providing appropriate building materials; need for use of available...

1986-01-01

297

Gingerbread-House Geometry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a sixth-grade interdisciplinary geometry unit based on Charles Dickens's "A Christmas Carol". Focuses on finding area, volume, and perimeter, and working with estimation, decimals, and fractions in the context of making gingerbread houses. (ASK)

Emenaker, Charles E.

1999-01-01

298

Houses for Dorchester  

E-print Network

The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

1987-01-01

299

Atrium House solar revitalization  

E-print Network

The idea behind the Atrium House Solar Revitalization project, may be briefly presented as: energy conserving, low rise, high density, related- to- the-sky residences. The proposed system consists of a reticulate grid - ...

Malamuceanu, Dan Roland

1984-01-01

300

Private housing design customization through house type substitution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The private house building industry is increasingly under pressure to increase output and broaden the appeal of new?build housing to consumers. One possible method for meeting these objectives is through increased use of standardized components to facilitate house type customization. This research focuses on the role of planning and building regulations in permitting the house building industry to respond in

Chris Leishman; Fran Warren

2006-01-01

301

House types for high-density urban housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design proposals are given for 28 house types for low-rise, high-density urban structure and for 3 neighborhoods based upon these principles. Main features of the house are: (a) living spaces oriented south regardless of the orientation of access streets; (b) clustering of houses to maximize solar penetration and minimize overshadowing; (c) form of houses and their clustering designed to minimize

1982-01-01

302

2. Keeper's house, light tower and oil house, view north, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Keeper's house, light tower and oil house, view north, south and east sides of keeper's house, south side of tower and oil house - Owl's Head Light Station, Off State Highway 73 just east of Rockland on Owl's Head Bay, Owls Head, Knox County, ME

303

7. Keeper's house, fog signal house and light tower, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Keeper's house, fog signal house and light tower, view north northeast, west and south sides of keeper's house and tower, southwest and southeast sides of fog signal house - West Quoddy Head Light Station, At eastern tip of West Quaddy Head, Lubec, Washington County, ME

304

12. Fuel house and fog signal house, view northeast, southwest ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Fuel house and fog signal house, view northeast, southwest side of fuel house, west and south sides of fog signal house - Cape Elizabeth Light Station, Near Two Lights State Park at end of Two Lights Road, off State Highway 77, Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland County, ME

305

Housing and child health.  

PubMed

The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

2013-09-01

306

CEBAF Control Room Renovation  

SciTech Connect

The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on work-flow processes and ergonomic attributes. The renovation was performed in two phases during the summer of 2004, with one phase occurring during machine operations and the latter, more extensive phase, occurring during our semi-annual shutdown period. The new facility takes advantage of advances in display technology, analog and video signal management, server technology, ergonomic workspace design, lighting engineering, acoustic ceilings and raised flooring solutions to provide a marked improvement in the overall environment of machine operations.

Michael Spata; Anthony Cuffe; Thomas Oren

2005-03-22

307

CEBAF Control Room Renovation  

SciTech Connect

The Machine Control Center at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

2005-05-01

308

Petroleum Systems Data Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Petroleum Systems Data Room Web site is provided by Oil Tracers L.L.C. Visitors have access to several databases including the Oil Library, which is a searchable database of information on more than 30,000 oil samples owned by various analytical laboratories around the world. The other main product of the site is a database that "contains over 10,000 petroleum geochemistry-related citations and is a searchable reference list for over 300,000 pages of petroleum geochemistry literature drawn from hundreds of sources" called OilRef. The other free reference (after registering) is a petroleum dictionary and encyclopedia, rounding out this easy-to-use and very helpful set of recourses.

309

Binaural room simulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In every-day listening the auditory event perceived by a listener is determined not only by the sound signal that a sound emits but also by a variety of environmental parameters. These parameters are the position, orientation and directional characteristics of the sound source, the listener's position and orientation, the geometrical and acoustical properties of surfaces which affect the sound field and the sound propagation properties of the surrounding fluid. A complete set of these parameters can be called an Acoustic Environment. If the auditory event perceived by a listener is manipulated in such a way that the listener is shifted acoustically into a different acoustic environment without moving himself physically, a Virtual Acoustic Environment has been created. Here, we deal with a special technique to set up nearly arbitrary Virtual Acoustic Environments, the Binaural Room Simulation. The purpose of the Binaural Room Simulation is to compute the binaural impulse response related to a virtual acoustic environment taking into account all parameters mentioned above. One possible way to describe a Virtual Acoustic Environment is the concept of the virtual sound sources. Each of the virtual sources emits a certain signal which is correlated but not necessarily identical with the signal emitted by the direct sound source. If source and receiver are non moving, the acoustic environment becomes a linear time-invariant system. Then, the Binaural Impulse Response from the source to a listener' s eardrums contains all relevant auditory information related to the Virtual Acoustic Environment. Listening into the simulated environment can easily be achieved by convolving the Binaural Impulse Response with dry signals and representing the results via headphones.

Lehnert, H.; Blauert, Jens; Pompetzki, W.

1991-01-01

310

Quantifying food intake in socially housed monkeys: Social status effects on caloric consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obesity results from a number of factors including socio-environmental influences and rodent models show that several different stressors increase the preference for calorically dense foods leading to an obese phenotype. We present here a non-human primate model using socially housed adult female macaques living in long-term stable groups given access to diets of different caloric density. Consumption of a low

Mark E. Wilson; Jeff Fisher; Andrew Fischer; Vanessa Lee; Ruth B. Harris; Timothy J. Bartness

2008-01-01

311

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the Guard House and Barracks, and South Fire House in relation to nearby roads, railroad tracks, and the piers). Navy Yard, Mare Island, California. P.W. Drawing No. C-1899, approved 1941; file no. 930-C-1. Scale one inch to forty feet. 72 cn x 97 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

312

Housing in the Urban Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet focuses on housing, the most private human environment. The effects of housing on one's social and physical worlds, and in turn on one's attitudes toward the total environment, are examined. The activities in this booklet aim to develop an understanding of space within the housing environment, types of housing, and how one can change…

Berkowitz, Gisha, Ed.; Levy, Alan, Ed.

313

Engineering Smart Houses Boguslaw Pilich  

E-print Network

also known as Smart Houses in home environments. A large body of research into Smart Houses has beenEngineering Smart Houses Boguslaw Pilich LYNGBY 2004 MSc THESIS NR. 49/2004 IMM #12;Trykt af IMM and security, which are crucial for presenting different features of Smart Houses. Additionally it is assumed

314

Acoustic echoes reveal room shape  

PubMed Central

Imagine that you are blindfolded inside an unknown room. You snap your fingers and listen to the room’s response. Can you hear the shape of the room? Some people can do it naturally, but can we design computer algorithms that hear rooms? We show how to compute the shape of a convex polyhedral room from its response to a known sound, recorded by a few microphones. Geometric relationships between the arrival times of echoes enable us to “blindfoldedly” estimate the room geometry. This is achieved by exploiting the properties of Euclidean distance matrices. Furthermore, we show that under mild conditions, first-order echoes provide a unique description of convex polyhedral rooms. Our algorithm starts from the recorded impulse responses and proceeds by learning the correct assignment of echoes to walls. In contrast to earlier methods, the proposed algorithm reconstructs the full 3D geometry of the room from a single sound emission, and with an arbitrary geometry of the microphone array. As long as the microphones can hear the echoes, we can position them as we want. Besides answering a basic question about the inverse problem of room acoustics, our results find applications in areas such as architectural acoustics, indoor localization, virtual reality, and audio forensics. PMID:23776236

Dokmanic, Ivan; Parhizkar, Reza; Walther, Andreas; Lu, Yue M.; Vetterli, Martin

2013-01-01

315

Endotoxin-induced uveitis in rodents.  

PubMed

Uveitis is a common cause of vision loss, accounting for 10-15 % of all cases of blindness worldwide and affects individuals of all ages, genders, and races. Uveitis represents a broad range of intraocular inflammatory conditions due to complications of autoimmune diseases, bacterial infections, viral infections, and chemical and metabolic injuries. Endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in rodents is an efficient experimental model to investigate the pathological mechanism and pharmacological efficacy of potential drug agents. EIU is characterized by clinically relevant classical signs of inflammation, including inflammatory exudates and cells in the anterior and vitreous chambers. EIU in small animal models such as rats, mice, and rabbits is a short-lived uveal inflammation that can be developed subsequent to administration of bacterial endotoxin, such as lipopolysaccharide. Here, we present a reproducible, reliable, and simplified protocol to induce EIU in mice. This method could be used with similar efficacy for EIU induction in other small animals as well. PMID:23824898

Yadav, Umesh C S; Ramana, Kota V

2013-01-01

316

Intraoperative cerebral blood flow imaging of rodents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intraoperative monitoring of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is of interest to neuroscience researchers, which offers the assessment of hemodynamic responses throughout the process of neurosurgery and provides an early biomarker for surgical guidance. However, intraoperative CBF imaging has been challenging due to animal's motion and position change during the surgery. In this paper, we presented a design of an operation bench integrated with laser speckle contrast imager which enables monitoring of the CBF intraoperatively. With a specially designed stereotaxic frame and imager, we were able to monitor the CBF changes in both hemispheres during the rodent surgery. The rotatable design of the operation plate and implementation of online image registration allow the technician to move the animal without disturbing the CBF imaging during surgery. The performance of the system was tested by middle cerebral artery occlusion model of rats.

Li, Hangdao; Li, Yao; Yuan, Lu; Wu, Caihong; Lu, Hongyang; Tong, Shanbao

2014-09-01

317

Intraoperative cerebral blood flow imaging of rodents.  

PubMed

Intraoperative monitoring of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is of interest to neuroscience researchers, which offers the assessment of hemodynamic responses throughout the process of neurosurgery and provides an early biomarker for surgical guidance. However, intraoperative CBF imaging has been challenging due to animal's motion and position change during the surgery. In this paper, we presented a design of an operation bench integrated with laser speckle contrast imager which enables monitoring of the CBF intraoperatively. With a specially designed stereotaxic frame and imager, we were able to monitor the CBF changes in both hemispheres during the rodent surgery. The rotatable design of the operation plate and implementation of online image registration allow the technician to move the animal without disturbing the CBF imaging during surgery. The performance of the system was tested by middle cerebral artery occlusion model of rats. PMID:25273744

Li, Hangdao; Li, Yao; Yuan, Lu; Wu, Caihong; Lu, Hongyang; Tong, Shanbao

2014-09-01

318

Functional assessments in the rodent stroke model  

PubMed Central

Stroke is a common cause of permanent disability accompanied by devastating impairments for which there is a pressing need for effective treatment. Motor, sensory and cognitive deficits are common following stroke, yet treatment is limited. Along with histological measures, functional outcome in animal models has provided valuable insight to the biological basis and potential rehabilitation efforts of experimental stroke. Developing and using tests that have the ability to identify behavioral deficits is essential to expanding the development of translational therapies. The present aim of this paper is to review many of the current behavioral tests that assess functional outcome after stoke in rodent models. While there is no perfect test, there are many assessments that are sensitive to detecting the array of impairments, from global to modality specific, after stroke. PMID:20642841

2010-01-01

319

Epigallocatechin gallate supplementation alleviates diabetes in rodents.  

PubMed

As the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasing at an alarming rate, effective nutritional and exercise strategies for the prevention of this disease are required. Specific dietary components with antidiabetic efficacy could be one aspect of these strategies. This study investigated the antidiabetic effects of the most abundant green tea catechin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG, TEAVIGO), in rodent models of type 2 diabetes mellitus and H4IIE rat hepatoma cells. We assessed glucose and insulin tolerance in db/db mice and ZDF rats after they ingested EGCG. Using gene microarray and real-time quantitative RT-PCR we investigated the effect of EGCG on gene expression in H4IIE rat hepatoma cells as well as in liver and adipose tissue of db/db mice. EGCG improved oral glucose tolerance and blood glucose in food-deprived rats in a dose-dependent manner. Plasma concentrations of triacylglycerol were reduced and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion was enhanced. In H4IIE cells, EGCG downregulated genes involved in gluconeogenesis and the synthesis of fatty acids, triacylgycerol, and cholesterol. EGCG decreased the mRNA expression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in H4IIE cells as well as in liver and adipose tissue of db/db mice. Glucokinase mRNA expression was upregulated in the liver of db/db mice in a dose-dependent manner. This study shows that EGCG beneficially modifies glucose and lipid metabolism in H4IIE cells and markedly enhances glucose tolerance in diabetic rodents. Dietary supplementation with EGCG could potentially contribute to nutritional strategies for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. PMID:16988119

Wolfram, Swen; Raederstorff, Daniel; Preller, Mareike; Wang, Ying; Teixeira, Sandra R; Riegger, Christoph; Weber, Peter

2006-10-01

320

Elimination Behavior of Shelter Dogs Housed in Double Compartment Kennels  

PubMed Central

For animals in confinement housing the housing structure has tremendous potential to impact well being. Dogs in animal shelters are often housed in one of two types of confinement housing – single kennels and rooms or double compartment kennels and rooms most often separated by a guillotine door. This study examines the effect of housing on the location of elimination behavior in dogs housed in double compartment kennels were the majority of the dogs were walked daily. One side of the kennel contained the food, water and bed and the other side was empty and available except during cleaning time. Location of urination and defecation was observed daily for 579 dogs housed in indoor double compartment kennels for a total of 4440 days of observation. There were 1856 days (41.9%) when no elimination was noted in the kennel. Feces, urine or both were observed in the kennel on 2584 days (58.1%). When elimination occurred in the kennel the probability of fecal elimination on the opposite side of the bed/food/water was 72.5% (95% CI 69.05% to 75.69%). The probability of urination on the opposite side of the bed/food/water was 77.4% (95% CI 74.33% to 80.07%). This study demonstrates the strong preference of dogs to eliminate away from the area where they eat, drink and sleep. Double compartment housing not only allows this – it allows staff the ability to provide safe, efficient, humane daily care and confers the added benefits of reducing risks for disease transmission for the individual dog as well as the population. PMID:24825357

Wagner, Denae; Newbury, Sandra; Kass, Philip; Hurley, Kate

2014-01-01

321

Houses of the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If one were to showcase new housing technologies and innovative designs in Australia, it wouldn't be a bad idea to place such an exhibit next to one of the most instantly recognizable structures in the world. Well, that is precisely what the Australian government (in collaboration with private industry groups) did when they placed this remarkable "Houses of the Future" exhibition next to the Sydney Opera House. While the exhibit has since moved on to a new location, visitors who are curious about the future of the built environment (particularly in terms of domestic architecture and construction) will enjoy this interactive website. The website features six homes that are part of a "new generation of prefabricated dwellings emerging around the globe". The requirements for each new housing type were that they be prefabricated for easy transportation, environmentally sustainable, designed by an architect, and "futuristic in appearance and use of domestic space". On the site, visitors may look within each house, all the while learning about each structure's historical precedents, environmental features, and of course, its architects. For those interested in the potential of domestic architecture, this website will be quite a treat.

322

Long-Term Results: New Construction Occupied Test House, Urbana, Illinois  

SciTech Connect

For this study, a house was designed and built to the Passive House (Passivhaus) Standard for low energy consumption. The house incorporates an airtight, super-insulated thermal enclosure, southern facing windows with overhangs, a single point mini-split heat pump and electric resistance heaters, and a balanced energy recovery ventilator (ERV). The house was instrumented with sub-metering on all major electrical circuits, temperature and humidity measurements in each room, domestic hot water consumption, and recovery efficiency of the ERV. The energy performance was documented and compared to modeled predictions, and the thermal comfort performance of the heat pump was assessed.

Stecher, D.; Allison, K.

2012-10-01

323

Room temperature polyesterification  

SciTech Connect

A new room temperature polymerization method has been developed for the synthesis of high molecular weight polyesters directly from carboxylic acids and phenols. The solution polymerization reaction proceeds under mild conditions, near neutral pH, and also avoids the use of preactivated acid derivatives for esterification. The reaction is useful in the preparation of isoregic ordered chains with translational polar symmetry and also in the polymerization of functionalized or chiral monomers. The conditions required for polymerization in the carbodiimide-based reaction included catalysis by the 1:1 molecular complex formed by 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine and p-toluenesulfonic acid. These conditions were established through studies on a model system involving esterification of p-toluic acid and p-cresol. Self-condensation of several hydroxy acid monomers by this reaction has produced routinely good yields of polyesters with molecular weights greater than 15,000. It is believed that the high extents of reaction required for significant degrees of polymerization result from suppression of the side reaction leading to N-acylurea. The utility of this reaction in the formation of polar chains from sensitive monomers is demonstrated hereby the polycondensation of a chiral hydroxy acid.

Moore, J.S.; Stupp, S.I. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

1990-01-01

324

Lack of seroreactivity to Ehrlichia chaffeensis among rodent populations.  

PubMed

A retrospective serosurvey for antibodies to Ehrlichia chaffeensis was conducted on eight species of wild rodents (Mus musculus, Oryzomys palustris, Peromyscus leucopus, Rattus norvegicus, Reithrodontomys humulis, Sciurus carolinensis, Sciurus niger, and Sigmodon hispidus) from the southeastern United States. Serum samples (n = 281) collected between 1973 and 1993 were evaluated using an indirect fluorescent antibody test. All samples, screened at a dilution of 1:32, were negative for antibodies to E. chaffeensis. Sixty-three percent of the rodents tested were from areas where E. chaffeensis has been confirmed or is strongly suspected to be endemic. These data suggest limited or no involvement of rodents in the epidemiology of E. chaffeensis. PMID:9577793

Lockhart, J M; Davidson, W R; Stallknecht, D E; Dawson, J E

1998-04-01

325

50. Machinery rooms on south tower. Facing south. Machinery rooms ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

50. Machinery rooms on south tower. Facing south. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the south span. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

326

35. VIEW OF TELEMETRY ROOM (ROOM 106) FROM ITS NORTHWEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. VIEW OF TELEMETRY ROOM (ROOM 106) FROM ITS NORTHWEST CORNER SHOWING TM-ISE-3 TELEMETRY CHECKOUT SYSTEM AND HONEYWELL TAPE RECORDER - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

327

49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the north span. Note bell with continuous operating clapper for use as fog signals. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

328

House of Lords Bill  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On January 19, 1999, Tony Blair's government announced the most radical restructuring of the House of Lords, the UK's second chamber, in its 600-year existence. Honoring the Labour Party election manifesto, the Bill will remove all 759 hereditary peers, those with an automatic right to sit by virtue of birthright, within the year. In the meantime, a Royal Commission will formulate proposals for a new upper house and issue a report by December 31, 1999. A fully reformed chamber is expected to be in place by 2002, and in the meantime, publicly nominated "People's Peers" may sit in the Lords in addition to the politically appointed Life Peers. The full text of the Bill as it was introduced in the House of Commons is available at the site.

1999-01-01

329

Freedom House Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the annals of 20th century Boston history, the Freedom House stands out as a local community organization dedicated to stabilizing a community in transition, and their history is an interesting one. The Freedom House was established in 1949 by two African American social workers and they were dedicated to ensuring the Roxbury community's stability as a middle-class, racially mixed neighborhood. Eventually, Freedom House's archives came to Northeastern University, and the digitization of their materials was made possible via a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. On this site, visitors can look over some of the several thousands photos, negatives, and slides in their collection. The items are organized into several topical areas, including "People", "Groups", "Places", and "Topics". Some of the people featured in the collection include the Revered Martin Luther King, Jr., Senator Edward Kennedy, and Kitty Dukakis.

330

Interactions among unrelated species: Granivorous rodents, a parasitic fungus, and a shared prey species  

Microsoft Academic Search

Granivorous rodents and a parasitic fungus in the Sonoran Desert utilize a common prey species, Erodium cicutarium, a desert annual plant. Experimental removal of rodents from field exclosures resulted in significantly higher densities of E. cicutarium. Fungal infection was significantly higher in the absence of rodents, suggesting that, while they do not interact directly, rodents and the fungus affect each

Richard S. Inouye

1981-01-01

331

5. VIEW OF VENTILATION HOUSES AND ROOF MONITOR FROM SOUTHEAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW OF VENTILATION HOUSES AND ROOF MONITOR FROM SOUTHEAST CORNER OF ROOF. ROOF MONITOR WINDOWS HAVE BEEN INFILLED WITH BRICK. THE VENTILATION HOUSES ARE PART OF THE ORIGINAL CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND CONTAINED AIR WASHERS, FANS AND OTHER HUMIDFYING EQUIPMENT FROM PARKS-CRAMER COMPANY OF FITCHBURG, MASSACHUSETTS. LOCATING THIS EQUIPMENT ON THE ROOF MADE IT UNNECESSARY TO CONSTRUCT A FULL BASEMENT, AND THEREFORE LOWERED CONSTRUCTION COSTS. THIS ARRANGEMENT ALSO PUT THE AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT CLOSEST TO THE TOP FLOOR SPINNING ROOM, WHICH HAD THE GREATEST COOLING REQUIREMENTS. - Stark Mill, 117 Corinth Road, Hogansville, Troup County, GA

332

A Measurement Method of Actual Thermal Performance of Detached Houses  

E-print Network

of the thermal performance of the envelope surfa as walls, roofs and windows, on the energy used by HVAC system is not so large in normal office buildings. Inthe detached houses, however, it is not too small to be neglected because of the relatively largeness... of the wall surface to the volume of the room space. If the house does not have the proper thermal performance, it is very difficult to etermine which the main reason is, the malfunction of the heating equipment or bad thermal performance of the envelope...

Iwamae, A.; Nagai, H.; Miura, H.

2004-01-01

333

Building Name Room Support By  

E-print Network

Building Name Room Technology Classroom? Technology Support By: Phone Number: Contact Name Approximate List Only - Contact iDesign-Classroom at 304-293-2932 for the Latest Updates #12;Building Name Room Technology Classroom? Technology Support By: Phone Number: Contact Name: Business and Economics

Mohaghegh, Shahab

334

Allocentric directional processing in the rodent and human retrosplenial cortex  

PubMed Central

Head direction (HD) cells in the rodent brain have been investigated for a number of years, providing us with a detailed understanding of how the rodent brain codes for allocentric direction. Allocentric direction refers to the orientation of the external environment, independent of one’s current (egocentric) orientation. The presence of neural activity related to allocentric directional coding in humans has also been noted but only recently directly tested. Given the current status of both fields, it seems beneficial to draw parallels between this rodent and human research. We therefore discuss how findings from the human retrosplenial cortex (RSC), including its “translational function” (converting egocentric to allocentric information) and ability to code for permanent objects, compare to findings from the rodent RSC. We conclude by suggesting critical future experiments that derive from a cross-species approach to understanding the function of the human RSC. PMID:24672459

Knight, Rebecca; Hayman, Robin

2014-01-01

335

40 CFR 798.5450 - Rodent dominant lethal assay.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (CONTINUED) HEALTH EFFECTS TESTING GUIDELINES Genetic Toxicity § 798.5450 Rodent dominant lethal assay. (a) Purpose. Dominant lethal (DL) effects cause...

2011-07-01

336

40 CFR 798.5450 - Rodent dominant lethal assay.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (CONTINUED) HEALTH EFFECTS TESTING GUIDELINES Genetic Toxicity § 798.5450 Rodent dominant lethal assay. (a) Purpose. Dominant lethal (DL) effects cause...

2010-07-01

337

Swimming ability in three Costa Rican dry forest rodents  

E-print Network

We investigated the swimming abilities of three Costa Rican dry forest rodents (Coues' rice rat. Oryzomys couesi, hispid cotton rat, Sigmodon hispidus, and spiny pocket mouse, Liomys salvini) associated with a large marsh, ...

Cook, William M.; Timm, Robert M.; Hymen, Dena E.

2001-12-01

338

Dual captures of Colorado rodents: implications for transmission of hantaviruses.  

PubMed Central

We analyzed dual-capture data collected during longitudinal studies monitoring transmission and persistence of Sin Nombre virus in rodents in Colorado. Our data indicate that multiple captures (two or more rodents captured in a single trap) may not be random, as indicated by previous studies, but rather the result of underlying, species-specific social behavior or cohesiveness. In the pairs we captured, most often, rodents were of the same species, were male, and could be recaptured as pairs. Therefore, dual captures of rodents, which are unusual but not rare, tend to occur among certain species, and appear to be nonrandom, group-foraging encounters. These demographic and ecologic characteristics may have implications for the study of the transmission of hantaviruses. PMID:10970147

Calisher, C. H.; Childs, J. E.; Sweeney, W. P.; Canestrop, K. M.; Beaty, B. J.

2000-01-01

339

Ejaculate investment in a promiscuous rodent, Peromyscus maniculatus: effects of  

E-print Network

Ejaculate investment in a promiscuous rodent, Peromyscus maniculatus: effects of population density, somatic mass and annual population density for wild-caught male deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus rank. Keywords: ejaculate investment, mating system, Peromyscus maniculatus, population density, sexual

Montgomerie, Bob

340

5. Relationship of chicken house, privy, claim house, and residence ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Relationship of chicken house, privy, claim house, and residence to each other and immediate surroundings, looking northeast - George Spangerberger Farmstead, 2012 West Illinois Avenue, South Hutchinson, Reno County, KS

341

1. Relationship of chicken house, claim house, residence, east tool ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Relationship of chicken house, claim house, residence, east tool shed, garage, and barn to overall farmstead site, looking north - George Spangerberger Farmstead, 2012 West Illinois Avenue, South Hutchinson, Reno County, KS

342

10. Relationship of residence, claim house, chicken house, west tool ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Relationship of residence, claim house, chicken house, west tool shed, and east tool shed to each other and immediate surroundings, looking west - George Spangerberger Farmstead, 2012 West Illinois Avenue, South Hutchinson, Reno County, KS

343

House, home, and community : good models for graduate student housing  

E-print Network

This thesis explores the planning and design of on-campus housing for graduate students in urban context. This study reviews the prevailing models of on-campus housing nationally and discusses the new concepts of future ...

Han, Jienan, 1978-

2004-01-01

344

2. Oil house, fog signal house and light tower, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Oil house, fog signal house and light tower, view southwest, east and north sides - Great Duck Island Light Station, At southern tip of Great Duck Island southeast of Bass Harbor & northeast of Frenchboro, Frenchboro, Hancock County, ME

345

Athermal mounting of optics in metallic housings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper illustrates an athermal mounting for a Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) optic in an AlBeMet housing for use at cryogenic temperatures. The GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) instrument beamsplitter utilizes this design and the difficulty is the significant delta in the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) between the housing and the optic. The high discrepancy in CTE is exacerbated by a large thermal range from an ambient assembly to cryogenic operational temperature. The assembly utilizes CTE matched clips bonded to the optic using a well controlled bondline. The clips are attached to an optimized spacer of a high CTE material that is used to reduce the CTE mismatch. The spacers are coupled to a four flexure design that is symmetric in both axes. The net effect reduces the apparent CTE between the optic and the housing in a space constrained mounting. The flexures allow the final small amount of expansion room that the assembly requires as it goes over a large temperature swing. This design was qualified through extensive thermal cycling and vibration testing, and exhibited performance acceptable for production.

Leahy, Zachary N.; Magner, Andrew J.

2013-09-01

346

Induced transgenerational genetic effects in rodents and humans.  

PubMed

Delayed appearance of induced mutations has been observed in Drosophila, plants, rodents and recently in humans. The significance of this phenomenon is now recognized especially after the pioneering work of Nomura demonstrating transgenerational tumour induction in mice following treatment with urethane or ionizing radiation. A brief review of the literature on transgenerational genetic effects, namely, chromosomal aberrations and mutations, in rodents and humans is presented here. PMID:17019051

Natarajan, A T

2006-01-01

347

Residential Learning University Housing  

E-print Network

of their college experience. We expect each resident student to play an active part in the development of the Office of Residential Life & University Housing is to assist and support students in the pursuit of their educational goals by working to create reasonable and responsible communities where students can interact

Rusu, Adrian

348

Me and My House  

E-print Network

An informative Abstract for "Me and My House" by Ted Kritikos: The purpose of this work is to examine the Biblical book of Joshua by using twenty-four short stories/chapters which correspond in different ways to to the ...

Kritikos, Ted

2008-04-30

349

Understanding Fair Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few rights are as basic as acquiring a home of one's choice. The home and neighborhood are the environment in which families live and rear their children. For minorities, the home usually means housing vacated by whites, who, because of their race as well as ability to pay, are able to acquire a more desirable dwelling elsewhere. Congress, in…

Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

350

The Chinese House Game.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of simulations to teach international relations (IR) highlights the Chinese House Game, a computer-based decision-making game based on Inter Nation Simulation (INS). Topics discussed include the increasing role of artificial intelligence in IR simulations, multi-disciplinary approaches, and the direction of IR as a…

Lee, James R.

1989-01-01

351

ETHAN'S HOUSE GETS HEALTHIER  

E-print Network

separate. Wash toys, bottles and pacifiers regularly to remove lead dust and soil. Regularly wash childrenETHAN'S HOUSE GETS HEALTHIER WithaVisitfromthe LeadPoisoningPreventionTeam #12;http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead Prevent Lead Poisoning U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control

352

Auction Houses and Demigods  

Microsoft Academic Search

T he air was different. The elevator doors opened, and it gushed in, humming excitedly, singing in our lungs, begging us to come forward. And when we did, when we stepped into that charged, electric air, we found our- selves strangely breathless. My mother and I were at the Sotheby's auction house on the Upper East Side looking at a

JESSICA DUNCAN

353

STUDENT HOUSING Your Personal  

E-print Network

STUDENT HOUSING Your Personal Survival Guide to Living Off-Campus #12;Thank you to our City? The Move-in Inventory and Inspection Form Responsibilities: You vs. Management "Wait, I have problem- ties; how do you choose what is right for you? Parking may be a NEED if you must drive to a job

California at Davis, University of

354

Apartment Type College Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a study of student housing trends, it was found that college students seem to prefer apartment living over dormitory living for several reasons. Thus, students are more and more moving off campuses to rent apartment dwellings that may be unsafe or substandard. Five higher education institutions (Syracuse University, Roberts Wesleyan…

Flather, Clifton C.

355

Department of Housing and  

E-print Network

in single student housing facilities (residence halls and apartments) may keep fish in bowls or aquariums no larger than 20 gallons. Only fish are permitted in residence halls and single student apartment communi removal. Pet waste should be placed in a plastic bag in the trash bin. Any structure associated

Johnson, Eric E.

356

mathematics de morgan house  

E-print Network

to the mathematics inside other research, predominantly in science but without forgetting that mathematics canmathematics promotion unit de morgan house 57-58 russell square london wc1b 4hs The Maths Inside' as with much science research. The mathematics is the process by which a hypothesis is proven or disproven

Mottram, Nigel

357

House Rules [ 2010 2011  

E-print Network

for those who choose to ignore this policy. Candles Candles have been the primary cause of fires at Williams. Candles are not allowed in student residences even if they are decorative, unlit, or still in packaging. Incense is also prohibited. Candles and incense found in housing will be removed. Students who want

Aalberts, Daniel P.

358

GOLER HOUSE/ WHIPPLE PARK  

E-print Network

permits will not be allowed in the Goler House lot with the exception of the short-term spaces. Short-term spaces will be "30 minutes with flasher" parking ONLY for unloading pur- poses. Violators will be subject know your pick-up location when you call. Please be aware that shuttle response times may vary

Mahon, Bradford Z.

359

Houses with Height Numbers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet allows students to freely build shapes by stacking cubes and "explore the relation between a building (house) consisting of cubes and the height numbers representing the height of the different parts of the building." This exercise helps students visualize and understand the concepts of volume and three-dimensional, measurable space.

Boon, Peter; Van Den Brink, Jan

2004-01-01

360

Haunted by Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two fourth-grade teachers presented the idea of using the author's art class to inspire the students to write creatively. The theme of scary stories needed an art project to match. The author immediately had a favorite lesson in mind. By putting a small twist on one of her standard "Frank Lloyd Wright House" projects, scary plans began to take…

McNeece, Molly

2009-01-01

361

BRIEFING FOR HOUSE EDUCATION  

E-print Network

biological effects of poverty. Dr. Kraus's program provides essential data for policymakers, educatorsBRIEFING FOR HOUSE EDUCATION STAFF Join us for a Briefing on Auditory Research and the Biological Benefits of Music Education by Nina Kraus, PhD Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Northwestern University

Kraus, Nina

362

Cockroaches, House flies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chapters 5-10 of a World Health Organization PDF on medical pests of importance in PDF format. Chatpers 5,6 cover Cockroaches and House flies respectively, remaining chapters go on to discuss guinea worm, fresh water snails, and proper pesticide application. These are extremely thorough control strategy texts with a great deal of information.

0002-11-30

363

THE TOWER HOUSE, LOOKING WEST. The tower house provided a ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

THE TOWER HOUSE, LOOKING WEST. The tower house provided a water tank on the second floor that gravity fed water to the Kineth house and farm buildings. The one-story addition to the west of the tower provided workshop space. The hog shed is seen on the left of the image and the concrete foundation of the upright silo is in the foreground on the right. - Kineth Farm, Tower House, 19162 State Route 20, Coupeville, Island County, WA

364

Divergent patterns of breakpoint reuse in Muroid rodents.  

PubMed

Multiple Genome Rearrangement (MGR) analysis was used to define the trajectory and pattern of chromosome rearrangement within muroid rodents. MGR was applied using 107 chromosome homologies between Mus, Rattus, Peromyscus, the muroid sister taxon Cricetulus griseus, and Sciurus carolinensis as a non-Muroidea outgroup, with specific attention paid to breakpoint reuse and centromere evolution. This analysis revealed a high level of chromosome breakpoint conservation between Rattus and Peromyscus and indicated that the chromosomes of Mus are highly derived. This analysis identified several conserved evolutionary breakpoints that have been reused multiple times during karyotypic evolution in rodents. Our data demonstrate a high level of reuse of breakpoints among muroid rodents, further supporting the "Fragile Breakage Model" of chromosome evolution. We provide the first analysis of rodent centromeres with respect to evolutionary breakpoints. By analyzing closely related rodent species we were able to clarify muroid rodent karyotypic evolution. We were also able to derive several high-resolution ancestral karyotypes and identify rearrangements specific to various stages of Muroidea evolution. These data were useful in further characterizing lineage-specific modes of chromosome evolution. PMID:20033182

Mlynarski, E E; Obergfell, C J; O'Neill, M J; O'Neill, R J

2010-02-01

365

Metallophilic macrophages of the rodent thymus.  

PubMed

For a very long time, we studied the metallophilic macrophages of the rodent thymus and in this review our results on morphological, histochemical, enzymehistochemical, immunohistochemical, ultrastructural and functional features of these cells, as well as the molecular regulation of their development, will be presented. Furthermore, the differences between species will also be discussed and the comparisons with similar/related cell types (metallophilic macrophages in the marginal sinus of the spleen, subcapsular sinus of the lymph nodes and germinal centers of secondary lymphoid follicles) will be made. Metallophilic macrophages are strategically positioned in the thymic cortico-medullary zone and are very likely to be involved in: (i) the metabolism, synthesis and production of bioactive lipids, most likely arachidonic acid metabolites, based on their histochemical and enzymehistochemical features, and (ii) the process of negative selection that occurs in the thymus, based on their ultrastructural features and their reactivity after the application of toxic or immunosuppressive/immunomodulatory agents. Taken together, their phenotypic and functional features strongly suggest that metallophilic macrophages play a significant role in the thymic physiology. PMID:23352337

Mili?evi?, Novica M; Mili?evi?, Živana

2013-03-01

366

Allergies to House Dust Mites  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... mattress pad, blankets, and bedspread WEEKLY in hot water. Water at a temperature of 130 degrees or higher ... control house dust mites. Although washing in hot water kills house dust mites, the bedding will soon ...

367

Understanding the World Housing Boom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper develops an open,economy,growth,model,with land and housing services to account,for interna- tional evidence on the behavior of housing prices since 1970. An 18-country panel data set on housing prices and other aggregate variables indicates a “multiplier”e¤ect in which housing,price growth,varies much,more than one-for-one with overall economic growth, both across countries and within countries over time. The key insight

James A. Kahn

368

Housing for Migrant Agricultural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist the producer in meeting the housing regulations of Federal, state, and local governments for migratory workers and thereby to attract better labor through adequate housing, this agricultural handbook contains discussions of the migrant-labor situation; regulations and standards; general housing considerations (i.e., length of…

Simons, J. W.; And Others

369

Passive retrofits for Navy housing  

SciTech Connect

A project to assess and initiate passive solar energy retrofits to US Navy family housing is described. The current data base for Navy housing (ECOP), and its enhancement for passive solar purposes options proposed for Navy housing are explained. The analysis goals and methods to evaluate the retrofits are discussed. An educational package to explain the retrofits is described.

Hibbert, R.; Miles, C.; Jones, R.; Peck, C.; Anderson, J.; Jacobson, V.; Dale, A.M.

1985-01-01

370

Releasing Housing Equity February 2010  

E-print Network

further amounts of equity as existing loans are repaid and house prices increase. In general, reverse1 Briefing 3 Releasing Housing Equity February 2010 The aim of this briefing is to present findings (Demographic Change and Housing Wealth) is a 3-year research project undertaken by researchers in 10 member

Birmingham, University of

371

Predictors for Abundance of Host Flea and Floor Flea in Households of Villages with Endemic Commensal Rodent Plague, Yunnan Province, China  

PubMed Central

Background From 1990 to 2006, fifty-five natural villages experienced at least one plague epidemic in Lianghe County, Yunnan Province, China. This study is aimed to document flea abundance and identify predictors in households of villages with endemic commensal rodent plague in Lianghe County. Methods Trappings were used to collect fleas and interviews were conducted to gather demography, environmental factors, and other relevant information. Multivariate hurdle negative binomial model was applied to identify predictors for flea abundance. Results A total of 344 fleas were collected on 101 small mammals (94 Rattus flavipectus and 7 Suncus murinus). R. flavipectus had higher flea prevalence and abundance than S. murinus, but the flea intensities did not differ significantly. A total of 315 floor fleas were captured in 104 households. Xenopsylla cheopis and Ctenocephalides felis felis were the predominant flea species on the host and the floor flea, respectively. The presence of small mammal faeces and R. flavipectus increased host flea prevalence odds 2.9- and 10-fold, respectively. Keeping a dog in the house increased floor flea prevalence odds 2-fold. Keeping cattle increased floor flea intensity by 153%. Villages with over 80% of houses raising chickens had increased prevalence odds and intensity of floor flea about 2.9- and 11.6-fold, respectively. The prevalence and intensity of floor flea in brick and wood houses were decreased by 60% and 90%, respectively. Flea prevalences of host and floor flea in the households that were adjacent to other houses were increased 7.4- and 2.2-fold, respectively. Houses with a paddy nearby decreased host flea intensity by 53%, while houses with an outside toilet increased host flea intensity by 125%. Conclusion Rodent control alone may not be sufficient to control plague risk in these areas. In order to have successful results, plague control programs should pay attention to ecological and hygiene factors that influence flea populations. PMID:21468306

Yin, Jia-Xiang; Geater, Alan; Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi; Dong, Xing-Qi; Du, Chun-Hong; Zhong, You-Hong

2011-01-01

372

Trends Shaping Housing Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes 10 strategies that colleges and universities can use to keep students living on their campuses. Strategies include providing more amenities to living areas, having greater electrical capacity in each room, providing computer connectivity, assuring greater fire safety and personal security, offering more dining options, and allowing…

Kennedy, Mike

2002-01-01

373

12. EXTERIOR VIEW OF NEW FAN HOUSE LOOKING WEST The ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. EXTERIOR VIEW OF NEW FAN HOUSE LOOKING WEST The engine room with the cylinder head of the Corliss steam visible through the open door is on the left (south). The metal updraft chimney is in the center and part of the airway, with a door leading into an airlock, is on the right. - Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex, South side of Susquehanna River at Route 115 & Riechard Street, Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, PA

374

Apollo 7 and 8 Crew in the White House.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Apollo 7 and 8 flight crews sign a commemorative document to be hung in the Treaty Room of the White House honoring the occasion. Those signing are from left to right: Apollo 7 Astronauts: Walter Cunningham, Donn F. Eisele, and Walter M. Schirra. Apollo 8 Astronauts: William A. Anders, James A. Lovell, Jr., and Frank Borman. Standing are: Charles A. Lindbergh (also a signer) Lady Bird Johnson President Lyndon B. Johnson NASA Administrator James E. Webb, Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey.

1968-01-01

375

4. Credit USAF, ca. 1945. Original housed in the Muroc ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Credit USAF, ca. 1945. Original housed in the Muroc Flight Test Base, Unit History, 1 September 1942 - 30 June 1945. Alfred F. Simpson Historical Research Agency. United States Air Force. Maxwell AFB, Alabama. Photographic copy of photograph captioned "Hangar No. 2 Hydraulics Room." Location within Building 4402 not determined. - Edwards Air Force Base, North Base, Hangar No. 2, First & A Streets, Boron, Kern County, CA

376

UNESCO MOST Clearing House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MOST Clearing House site, provided by UNESCO's Management of Social Transformations Programme, promotes international comparative social science research. "The overall long-term objective of MOST is to establish sustainable links between the scientific and policy communities and to emphasize the relevance of social science research for policy-formulation." The site offers up-to-date information on current projects, publications, and activities of the Programme. Present topics include poverty and social exclusion, growing up in cities, and public policy and ethnic conflict. The strongest feature of the site is the "Best Practices" databank, which aims to "create a bridge between empirical solutions, research and policy-makers" by offering information and links to programs around the world that have introduced creative and sustainable responses to social and environmental problems. Additional features of this site include an internal search engine, an e-mail announcement service, and a reference service providing links to the partners in the Clearing House Network.

377

This Old House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Summer certainly isn't a bad time to start a new home (or apartment) improvement project, whether it be a gut rehab or just fixing a wobbly toilet seat. Fortunately, the This Old House television program website is a good place to look for a wide range of information about just such endeavors. While the site certainly has a number of advertisements on it, there is still a good deal of very reliable content for use by the general public. The homepage contains a number of "Improvement Highlights", ranging from how to install a garage floodlight to how to tile a floor. Of course, most users will also want to check out some video highlights from the popular television show. Users may also want to submit a question for consideration by the This Old House staff.

378

Where Is ??? In The Room?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a visual activity where students must visualize a shape and then identify it in the room. Students will learn to see how everyday objects are geometric and remember what they look like for the exam.

2010-01-01

379

TUESDAYTUESDAY Class Instructor Room Time  

E-print Network

WEDNESDAYWEDNESDAY Class Instructor Room Time Indoor Cycling Gerico 1110 11:00-12:00pm Pilates Gerico 2015 5:00-6:00pm improvement. Pilates Create a balance between strength and flexibility. Helps stress relief, improved posture

Hemmers, Oliver

380

What's New in Locker Rooms?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses athletic facility design and renovation issues that exist because of increasing numbers of female athletes. Outlines renovation issues such as locker room facilities, space for sports equipment, and additional athletic fields. (GR)

Rittner-Heir, Robbin M.

2001-01-01

381

Ectoparasites of Rodents Captured in Bandar Abbas, Southern Iran  

PubMed Central

Background: Rodents play important role as host of ectoparasites and reservoir of different zoonotic diseases. The aim of this study was to asses the infestation of commensal rodents with ectoparasites in Bandar Abbas, a port city located in the northern part of the Persian Gulf in Iran. Methods: Rodents were captured using live traps during the study period in year 2007. After transferring the rodents to the laboratory, they were identified and then their ectoparasites were collected and mounted for species identification using appropriate systematic keys. Results: A total of 77 rodents were identified including Rattus norvegicus (74%), R. rattus (16.9%), Mus musculus (7.8%) and one hamster. Among all rodents, 40.3% were found infested with ectoparasites. A total of 69 ectoparasites were collected comprising flea, lice, mite and tick. Two species of fleas; Xenopsylla cheopis and X. astia were identified with higher index of X. astia. Two genera of ticks including Hyalomma sp. and Rhipicephalus sp. were identified. Laelaps nuttalli was the only mite found. The Polyplax spinulosa was considered as lice ectoparasite. Conclusion: Among all arthropods collected, flea and lice had the most and the least frequency, respectively. Nearly all rodent species were infested with Xenopsylla. These fleas are important due to their role in plague and murine typhus transmission. Ticks are important due to their role in CCHF (Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever), theileriosis, babesiosis, anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis transmission .Monitoring of ectoparaiste infestation is important for preparedness and early warning preparation for possible control of arthropod-borne diseases. PMID:22808381

Kia, EB; Moghddas-Sani, H; Hassanpoor, H; Vatandoost, H; Zahabiun, F; Akhavan, AA; Hanafi-Bojd, AA; Telmadarraiy, Z

2009-01-01

382

INTERIOR OF LIVING/DINING ROOM. KITCHEN DOOR WITH DECORATIVE VISION PANEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR OF LIVING/DINING ROOM. KITCHEN DOOR WITH DECORATIVE VISION PANEL TO LEFT. VIEW FACING NORTHWEST. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Makalapa, Senior Officers' Quarters Type B, 23 Makalapa Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

383

13. VIEW TO NORTH IN VIEWING ROOM/CHAPEL ON FIRST FLOOR, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. VIEW TO NORTH IN VIEWING ROOM/CHAPEL ON FIRST FLOOR, SHOWING OAK-GRAIN PANELING AND BUILT-IN RADIATOR CASE. WIDE DOORWAY AT RIGHT LEADS TO ANNEX. - Charles G. Carpenter House, 408-410 Cooper Street, Camden, Camden County, NJ

384

View forward in starboard engine room, compartment C1. Note starboard ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View forward in starboard engine room, compartment C-1. Note starboard engine thrust bearing in open housing at bottom center of photograph; note main circulation pump, main steam chest at top of photo. (065) - USS Olympia, Penn's Landing, 211 South Columbus Boulevard, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

385

Greenberg House Event Registration Form Event Host_________________________________________________________________________  

E-print Network

Supplies ­ minimal inventory available at cost Greenberg House Guest Information · Greenberg HouseGreenberg House Event Registration Form Event Host and copy Greenberg House on correspondence affecting requirements for this event. Type of Event

Mather, Patrick T.

386

Private Rental Housing in Industrialized Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a historical perspective on the decline of private rental housing in the industrialized world, discusses the place of private rental housing in national housing policy and approaches to preserving existing rental housing, examines mea...

E. J. Howenstine

1981-01-01

387

Housing characteristics 1993  

SciTech Connect

This report, Housing Characteristics 1993, presents statistics about the energy-related characteristics of US households. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) -- the ninth in a series of nationwide energy consumption surveys conducted since 1978 by the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy. Over 7 thousand households were surveyed, representing 97 million households nationwide. A second report, to be released in late 1995, will present statistics on residential energy consumption and expenditures.

NONE

1995-06-01

388

Reroofing Your Uncle's House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive activity adapted from the Wisconsin Online Resource Center, students will "use mathematics and measuring skills to solve a construction problem." They will determine how many shingles are required to rerroof a house using common tools, and learn about the importance of planning and calculating necessary materials. The material is intended for students in grades 9-12.The lesson is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment and discussion questions. Users are encouraged to sign up for a free account.

2012-10-16

389

[House dust mite allergy].  

PubMed

House dust mites can be found all over the world where human beings live independent from the climate. Proteins from the gastrointestinal tract- almost all known as enzymes - are the allergens which induce chronic allergic diseases. The inhalation of small amounts of allergens on a regular base all night leads to a slow beginning of the disease with chronically stuffed nose and an exercise induced asthma which later on persists. House dust mites grow well in a humid climate - this can be in well isolated dwellings or in the tropical climate - and nourish from human skin dander. Scales are found in mattresses, upholstered furniture and carpets. The clinical picture with slowly aggravating complaints leads quite often to a delayed diagnosis, which is accidently done on the occasion of a wider spectrum of allergy skin testing. The beginning of a medical therapy with topical steroids as nasal spray or inhalation leads to a fast relief of the complaints. Although discussed in extensive controversies in the literature - at least in Switzerland with the cold winter and dry climate - the recommendation of house dust mite avoidance measures is given to patients with good clinical results. The frequent ventilation of the dwelling with cold air in winter time cause a lower indoor humidity. Covering encasings on mattresses, pillow, and duvets reduces the possibility of chronic contact with mite allergens as well as the weekly changing the bed linen. Another option of therapy is the specific immunotherapy with extracts of house dust mites showing good results in children and adults. Using recombinant allergens will show a better quality in diagnostic as well as in therapeutic specific immunotherapy. PMID:22477664

Carrard, A; Pichler, C

2012-04-01

390

Doll's house physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

School physics rarely stands still for long. Environmental physics is now an option in some post-16 courses in England. The physics of environments, and in particular the built environment, offers a recognizable context in which to see the applications of physics at work. This article considers how a model doll's house might be used to help learners understand energy transfer, thermal equilibrium, energy management, and responsible citizenship.

Kibble, Bob

2009-03-01

391

Nuclear reactor control room construction  

DOEpatents

A control room for a nuclear plant is disclosed. In the control room, objects labelled 12, 20, 22, 26, 30 in the drawing are no less than four inches from walls labelled 10.2. A ceiling contains cooling fins that extend downwards toward the floor from metal plates. A concrete slab is poured over the plates. Studs are welded to the plates and are encased in the concrete. 6 figures.

Lamuro, R.C.; Orr, R.

1993-11-16

392

Effects of Housing Condition and Cage Change on Characteristics of Sleep in Mice  

PubMed Central

Although human subjects are widely used to study sleep and sleep disorders, animals have been invaluable in developing our understanding of the physiology of sleep and underlying mechanisms of sleep disorders. Environmental stimuli are likely to modify sleep in both animals and people, suggesting that environmental stability must be controlled carefully by both husbandry and research staff to allow collection of valid results with minimal numbers of animals. However, few studies have measured the effects of cage condition on sleep parameters in mice. Current guidelines recommend social housing and environmental enrichment for standard rodent housing. Environmental factors such as these create potential confounds in studies for which facets of sleep are outcome measures. We therefore sought to determine whether cage changes, group housing, or single housing with a shelter altered measures of sleep in C57BL/6J mice. The resulting data indicate that 1) cage changing disrupts sleep for approximately 3 h; 2) group housing is associated with shorter bouts of rapid-eye-movement sleep (REMS) and less slow-wave sleep (SWS) during the light phase and with more REMS during the dark phase; and 3) mice housed with a shelter spend less time awake and more time in SWS, with longer bouts of SWS during the dark phase. In additional, both group housing and housing with a shelter were associated with less locomotor activity than occurred in individually housed mice without a shelter. These findings provide evidence for long-held beliefs that housing conditions must be controlled carefully in studies that require assessment of sleep. PMID:24411777

Febinger, Heidi Y; George, Amrita; Priestley, Jill; Toth, Linda A; Opp, Mark R

2014-01-01

393

Characterization of Japanese wooden houses with enhanced radon and thoron concentrations.  

PubMed

Indoor thoron and radon concentrations were surveyed in the 42 rooms of 21 houses in Hiroshima Prefecture with a radon-thoron discriminative dosimeter in 1992. The survey estimated the average indoor thoron concentration to be 84.7 +/- 15.6 Bq m-3 and that of radon to be 25.6 +/- 1.1 Bq m-3 at 20 cm from the interior wall. The results indicated the potential risk of indoor thoron in the Japanese style wooden houses. Multivariate regression analysis among some factors which characterize each of the houses examined and concentrations of radon and thoron suggested that enhanced concentration of indoor thoron was often observed in a typical Japanese style room with interior soil wall and tatami flooring. Characterization of the rooms with enhanced levels of thoron showed that mud-based plaster wall material was probably the source. PMID:8106246

Doi, M; Kobayashi, S

1994-03-01

394

House bat management  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The soundest long-term solution for the management of bats that enter buildings and cause a nuisance problem or present a public health hazard is by batproofing the structure. Chemical toxicants do not solve house bat problems and may create worse ones. This manual describes batproofing techniques that will provide effective and acceptable alternatives for dealing with house bat problems and hazards. Recent declines in bat populations and greater appreciation of the ecological importance of bats have identified the need for sound management strategies that will encourage bat conservation while protecting human health and solving nuisance problems. One of the best deterrents against house bats is to improve the energy efficiency of the structure since bats may enter holes through which heat is lost. Heat conservation methods used for batproofing will also be eligible for Federal residential energy tax credits. The manual should be useful to homeowners, public health officials, physicians, veterinarians, conservationists, and others interested or concerned about bat interactions with humans.

Greenhall, Arthur Merwin

1982-01-01

395

Kelly Writers House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Affiliated with the English department at the University of Pennsylvania, this Website offers an abundance of audio and video Webcasts -- both live and archived -- of contemporary, avant-garde, and experimental poets reading their own works and discussing the works of other poets. The site also provides annotated links to Websites of journals and e-journals devoted to the publication of contemporary writers, and a calendar of programs at the Writers House, including a schedule of upcoming live Webcasts. Most recently, the Writers House made available the entire audio program of Nine Poets Read Their Work through Modernism, a series of lectures held at the House earlier this month by nine well-known experimental poets discussing the modernists who most influenced them. The program includes Bob Perelman on Louis Zukofsky, Ron Silliman on William Carlos Williams, Joan Retallack on Gertrude Stein, Charles Bernstein on Walter Benjamin, Rae Armantrout on Emily Dickinson, and more (go to the calendar on the Website to access this link). In our opinion, this is without a doubt the best single Website for acquainting oneself with the personalities, ideas, words, precursors, and proteges of postmodern experimental verse.

396

Housing equity for health equity: a rights-based approach to the control of Lassa fever in post-war Sierra Leone  

PubMed Central

Poor quality housing is an infringement on the rights of all humans to a standard of living adequate for health. Among the many vulnerabilities of those without adequate shelter is the risk of disease spread by rodents and other pests. One such disease is Lassa fever, an acute and sometimes severe viral hemorrhagic illness endemic in West Africa. Lassa virus is maintained in the rodent Mastomys natalensis, commonly known as the “multimammate rat,” which frequently invades the domestic environment, putting humans at risk of Lassa fever. The highest reported incidence of Lassa fever in the world is consistently in the Kenema District of Sierra Leone, a region that was at the center of Sierra Leone’s civil war in which tens of thousands of lives were lost and hundreds of thousands of dwellings destroyed. Despite the end of the war in 2002, most of Kenema’s population still lives in inadequate housing that puts them at risk of rodent invasion and Lassa fever. Furthermore, despite years of health education and village hygiene campaigns, the incidence of Lassa fever in Kenema District appears to be increasing. We focus on Lassa fever as a matter of human rights, proposing a strategy to improve housing quality, and discuss how housing equity has the potential to improve health equity and ultimately economic productivity in Sierra Leone. The manuscript is designed to spur discussion and action towards provision of housing and prevention of disease in one of the world’s most vulnerable populations. PMID:23282054

2013-01-01

397

Relationships between ²²²Rn dissolved in ground water supplies and indoor ²²²Rn concentrations in some Colorado front range houses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indoor ²²²Rn concentrations were measured in 37 houses with alpha track detectors placed in water-use rooms near water sources (bathrooms, laundry rooms, and kitchens) and in non-water-use living rooms, dining rooms, and bedrooms away from water sources. Results show that relative contributions of ²²²Rn to indoor air from water use are insignificant when soil-gas concentrations are high but become increasingly

Peter F. Folger; R. B. Wanty; E. Poeter; P. Nyberg

1994-01-01

398

Environmental health disparities in housing.  

PubMed

The physical infrastructure and housing make human interaction possible and provide shelter. How well that infrastructure performs and which groups it serves have important implications for social equity and health. Populations in inadequate housing are more likely to have environmental diseases and injuries. Substantial disparities in housing have remained largely unchanged. Approximately 2.6 million (7.5%) non-Hispanic Blacks and 5.9 million Whites (2.8%) live in substandard housing. Segregation, lack of housing mobility, and homelessness are all associated with adverse health outcomes. Yet the experience with childhood lead poisoning in the United States has shown that housing-related disparities can be reduced. Effective interventions should be implemented to reduce environmental health disparities related to housing. PMID:21551378

Jacobs, David E

2011-12-01

399

Environmental Health Disparities in Housing  

PubMed Central

The physical infrastructure and housing make human interaction possible and provide shelter. How well that infrastructure performs and which groups it serves have important implications for social equity and health. Populations in inadequate housing are more likely to have environmental diseases and injuries. Substantial disparities in housing have remained largely unchanged. Approximately 2.6 million (7.5%) non-Hispanic Blacks and 5.9 million Whites (2.8%) live in substandard housing. Segregation, lack of housing mobility, and homelessness are all associated with adverse health outcomes. Yet the experience with childhood lead poisoning in the United States has shown that housing-related disparities can be reduced. Effective interventions should be implemented to reduce environmental health disparities related to housing. PMID:21551378

2011-01-01

400

Risk Factors for Mosquito House Entry in the Lao PDR  

PubMed Central

Background Construction of the Nam Theun 2 hydroelectric project and flooding of a 450 km2 area of mountain plateau in south-central Lao PDR resulted in the resettlement of 6,300 people to newly built homes. We examined whether new houses would have altered risk of house entry by mosquitoes compared with traditional homes built from poorer construction materials. Methodology/Principal Findings Surveys were carried out in the Nam Theun 2 resettlement area and a nearby traditional rice farming area in 2010. Mosquitoes were sampled in bedrooms using CDC light traps in 96 resettlement houses and 96 traditional houses and potential risk factors for mosquito house entry were recorded. Risk of mosquito house entry was more than twice as high in traditional bamboo houses compared with those newly constructed from wood (Putative Japanese Encephalitis (JE) vector incidence rate ratio (IRR)?=?2.26, 95% CI 1.38–3.70, P?=?0.001; Anopheline IRR?=?2.35, 95% CI: 1.30–4.23, P?=?0.005). Anophelines were more common in homes with cattle compared against those without (IRR?=?2.32, 95% CI: 1.29–4.17, P?=?0.005).Wood smoke from cooking fires located under the house or indoors was found to be protective against house entry by both groups of mosquito, compared with cooking in a separate room beside the house (Putative JE vector IRR?=?0.43, 95% CI: 0.26–0.73, P?=?0.002; Anopheline IRR?=?0.22, 95% CI: 0.10–0.51, P<0.001). Conclusions/Significance Construction of modern wooden homes should help reduce human-mosquito contact in the Lao PDR. Reduced mosquito contact rates could lead to reduced transmission of diseases such as JE and malaria. Cattle ownership was associated with increased anopheline house entry, so zooprophylaxis for malaria control is not recommended in this area. Whilst wood smoke was protective against putative JE vector and anopheline house entry we do not recommend indoor cooking since smoke inhalation can enhance respiratory disease. PMID:23700411

Hiscox, Alexandra; Khammanithong, Phasouk; Kaul, Surinder; Sananikhom, Pany; Luthi, Ruedi; Brey, Paul T.; Lindsay, Steve W.

2013-01-01

401

Mental health and housing.  

PubMed

With the present trend away from the designing of individual buildings and towards the systematic planning of whole residential communities, it should be possible to take mental health requirements into account at the planning stage. At present, sociologists are all too seldom consulted on matters of residential planning. When discussing the relationship between housing and mental health one cannot restrict oneself only to the external aspects of the house, but rather one must also consider the opportunities available for the members of the family to satisfy their own needs, both within the home and in its immediate surroundings. Factors which may affect residential requirements include geographical location, type and standard of dwelling and time and continuity of occupation. A move between two districts or groups representing different housing norms and values may lead to withdrawal symptoms in the individual. This may arise equally well from the remoteness of the country districts as from the conflicting pressures brought on by the abundance of contacts available in the large towns. Town life tends to heighten susceptibility to neuroses and personality conflicts. The character of a residential area may affect the mental health of its occupants. Faris & Dunham (4), in studying the incidence of various types of mental illness with an urban population, observed that schizophrenia was most common among people who were in some way isolated from social involvement. The striving for spaciousness in residential areas and the creation of a "summer city" or "garden city" image or a "family-centred way of life" may lead to unexpected problems and have a variety of social consequences. Mental health difficulties have been noted, for example, among housewives in "dormitory" towns or suburbs (11). The institutions required by a community may be grouped into four categories, representing the basic needs of its members. These are (1) economic institutions, (2) social and political organizations, (3) leisure-time clubs and (4) societies and institutions for promoting social integration, including educational, advisory and assistance bodies. The study of satiation processes offers an interesting approach to the relationship between housing and mental health. Man requires new stimuli to motivate him. Boredom and satiation serve to induce passivity and may provoke destructive behaviour and escapism. Finland has the highest percentage of dwellings constructed in the immediate post-war period of any country in Europe, and in respect of the functions of housing many aspects are still apparent which are detrimental to mental health. PMID:1273551

Kari-Koskinen, O; Karvonen, P

1976-01-01

402

Rodent outbreaks in Australia: mouse plagues in cereal crops 225 Rodent outbreaks in Australia: mouse  

E-print Network

, the Netherlands, or France and would therefore probably be Mus domesti- cus (= Mus musculus domesticus) rather than Mus musculus musculus (which occurs further west in Europe) (Sage et al 1993, Payseur and Nachman 2005). These plagues of house mice, Mus domesticus, are a significant problem to agricultural areas

Krebs, Charles J.

403

Financing social housing in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the post—1988 Housing Act financing of social housing by independent housing associations, now the main vehicles for the development of new social housing in England. It discusses the political context limiting public funding of social housing; the current financial regime, which has attracted private finance into the social housing field but has also increased rents and thus

Gregory Lomax

1995-01-01

404

23. Photocopy of ca. 1890 photograph showing DRAWING ROOM (see ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Photocopy of ca. 1890 photograph showing DRAWING ROOM (see also PA-1524-12). Photographed during the occupancy of Dr. and Mrs. Erwin Agnew. Note the following furnishings: 1) Chandeliers, possibly by Cornelius and Sons of Philadelphia; 2) Ceiling painting at top of photocopy is copy of Guido Reni's Aurora, one of the two most popular Renaissance paintings in the mid-19th century; 3) Scagliola columns; 4) 'Turkish' upholstered chairs (typical of the period); 5) Neo-renaissance mirror at extreme left - Parry House, 1921 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

405

Geographical distribution of rodent-associated hantaviruses in Texas.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to increase our knowledge of the geographic distribution and natural host range of hantaviruses in Texas, southeastern New Mexico, and Mexico. Blood samples from 3,225 wild rodents, representing 34 species, were tested for hantavirus antibody (IgG), using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Hantavirus antibody was found in one or more rodents from each of 13 counties in Texas, Otero County in southeastern New Mexico, and Mexico State (central Mexico). The 133 antibody-positive rodents included seven Peromyscus species (P. attwateri, P. boylii, P. hylocetes, P. leucopus, P. maniculatis, P. melanotis, and P. pectoralis), Sigmodon hispidus, Oryzomys palustris, two Reithrodontomys species (R. fulvescens and R. megalotis), Neotoma albigula, and Perognathus merriami. This study provides further evidence that rodent-associated hantaviruses are geographically widely distributed in Texas. The discovery of antibody in P. hylocetes and P. melanotis is evidence that peromyscine rodents in Mexico are naturally associated with viruses belonging to the genus Hantavirus. PMID:11469186

Mantooth, S J; Milazzo, M L; Bradley, R D; Hice, C L; Ceballos, G; Tesh, R B; Fulhorst, C F

2001-06-01

406

Old World hantaviruses in rodents in New Orleans, Louisiana.  

PubMed

Seoul virus, an Old World hantavirus, is maintained in brown rats and causes a mild form of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in humans. We captured rodents in New Orleans, Louisiana and tested them for the presence of Old World hantaviruses by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with sequencing, cell culture, and electron microscopy; 6 (3.4%) of 178 rodents captured--all brown rats--were positive for a Seoul virus variant previously coined Tchoupitoulas virus, which was noted in rodents in New Orleans in the 1980s. The finding of Tchoupitoulas virus in New Orleans over 25 years since its first discovery suggests stable endemicity in the city. Although the degree to which this virus causes human infection and disease remains unknown, repeated demonstration of Seoul virus in rodent populations, recent cases of laboratory-confirmed HFRS in some US cities, and a possible link with hypertensive renal disease warrant additional investigation in both rodents and humans. PMID:24639295

Cross, Robert W; Waffa, Bradley; Freeman, Ashley; Riegel, Claudia; Moses, Lina M; Bennett, Andrew; Safronetz, David; Fischer, Elizabeth R; Feldmann, Heinz; Voss, Thomas G; Bausch, Daniel G

2014-05-01

407

Comparative study of pig-rodent somatic cell hybrids.  

PubMed

The pig chromosome complement of six different types of pig-rodent hybrid cell lines was examined by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization with a porcine SINE probe. The cell lines were obtained by fusing pig lymphocytes with cells of the Chinese hamster cell lines wg3h, BK14-150 and E36, and of the mouse cell lines NSO, PU and LMTK-. The hybrids were analysed with respect to: (1) the number of pig chromosomes, (2) the type of pig chromosomes, (3) the occurrence of pig-rodent chromosome translocations, and (4) the presence of pig chromosome fragments. The results show that the number of pig chromosomes varied within and among hybrid cell lines. The pig-hamster hybrids mainly retained nontelocentric pig chromosomes, whereas the pig-mouse hybrids also retained telocentric pig chromosomes. Pig-rodent chromosome translocations were found in all types of hybrids, but the incidence was in general low. Chromosome fragments were abundant in BK14-150 hybrids, and rare in most other hybrid cell lines. It is concluded that the SINE probe is a useful tool to make a preliminary characterization of the porcine chromosome complement of pig-rodent somatic cell hybrids. The results of this characterization can be used to select hybrids for further cytogenetic analysis. Furthermore, our data show that different rodent cell lines will have to be used as fusion partners for the production of hybrids when constructing a panel informative for all pig chromosomes. PMID:7818166

Zijlstra, C; Bosma, A A; de Haan, N A

1994-10-01

408

39 CFR 3004.12 - Reading room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...20268-0001) and an electronic reading room at http://www.prc.gov . The public reading room at its offices is open...electronic and physical reading rooms, records previously...become of significant public...

2012-07-01

409

39 CFR 3004.12 - Reading room.  

...20268-0001) and an electronic reading room at http://www.prc.gov . The public reading room at its offices is open...electronic and physical reading rooms, records previously...become of significant public...

2014-07-01

410

39 CFR 3004.12 - Reading room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...20268-0001) and an electronic reading room at http://www.prc.gov . The public reading room at its offices is open...electronic and physical reading rooms, records previously...become of significant public...

2013-07-01

411

32 CFR 518.9 - Reading room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM FOIA Reading Rooms § 518.9 Reading room. (a) Reading room...

2010-07-01

412

Musical Monuments for the Country House: Music, Collection, and Display at Tatton Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses the Library and Music Room at Tatton Park, Cheshire, to investigate how music collection by women fits into broader patterns of book acquistion and display c.1800, and how their activities influenced aspects of country-house design. It shows how women's music-making and its representation in the country house contributed both to new images of elite domesticity and to

Jeanice Brooks

2010-01-01

413

Musical Monuments for the Country House: Music, Collection, and Display at Tatton Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This study uses the Library and Music Room at Tatton Park, Cheshire, to investigate how music collection by women fits into broader patterns of book acquistion and display c.1800, and how their activities influenced aspects of country-house design. It shows how women's music-making and its representation in the country house contributed both to new images of elite domesticity and to

Jeanice Brooks

2010-01-01

414

Hypergravity Effects on Rodent Pregnancy and Parturition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

No mammal has yet undergone birth, or parturition, in the microgravity of space. Previous studies (Ronco & Alberts, 2000) have shown that mid-pregnant rat dams exposed to spaceflight (0-g) and landed 48-72 hrs before term successfully delivered robust, healthy offspring Microgravity-exposed dams exhibited twice the expected numbers of labor contractions whereas length of pregnancy, duration of labor, fetal wastage, number of neonates born and litter gender ratios were identical to controls. In the present study, we report the results of rodent pregnancy and parturition at the opposite end of the gravity spectrum, in hypergravity. Dams exposed to either: 1.0-g, 1.5-g, 1.75-g or 2.0-g from Gestational day (G) 11 and throughout the births of their litters had comparable pregnancy and labor durations, fetal wastage, numbers of neonates born and litter Tender ratios. During parturition, hypergravity-exposed dams exhibited significantly fewer labor contractions as compared to 1.0-g controls. Dams that underwent birth in hypergravity had significantly fewer offspring surviving the immediate postpartum period (P1: 1.0-g, 11.92 +/- 2.84; 1.5-g, 10.88 +/- 2.17; 1.75-g, 9.22 +/-1.99; 2.0-g, 8.83 +/- 3.31). Within 24 hrs postpartum, neonatal survival was further diminished in hypergravity [P2: 100% (1.0-g); 96% (1.5-g); 96% (1.75-g); 73% (2.0-g)] and continued to decline (P10: 100%(1.0-g.); 90%(1.5-g); 87%(1.75-g), 40%(2.0-g)]. Neonatal losses stabilized by P5 for the 1.5-g andl.75-g conditions but continued until P9 for the 2.0-g condition. Together, these findings show that postnatal, but not prenatal, survival is compromised following birth in hypergravity, Maternal and neonatal factors that contribute to peri-parturitional vulnerability to altered gravity environments will be discussed.

Ronca, A. E.; Baer, L. A.; Mills, N. A.; Wade, C. E.; Dalton, Bonnie (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

415

FUEL HANDLING FACILITY BACKUP CENTRAL COMMUNICATIONS ROOM SPACE REQUIREMENTS CALCULATION  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Fuel Handling Facility Backup Central Communications Room Space Requirements Calculation is to determine a preliminary estimate of the space required to house the backup central communications room in the Fuel Handling Facility (FHF). This room provides backup communications capability to the primary communication systems located in the Central Control Center Facility. This calculation will help guide FHF designers in allocating adequate space for communications system equipment in the FHF. This is a preliminary calculation determining preliminary estimates based on the assumptions listed in Section 4. As such, there are currently no limitations on the use of this preliminary calculation. The calculations contained in this document were developed by Design and Engineering and are intended solely for the use of Design and Engineering in its work regarding the FHF Backup Central Communications Room Space Requirements. Yucca Mountain Project personnel from Design and Engineering should be consulted before the use of the calculations for purposes other than those stated herein or use by individuals other than authorized personnel in Design and Engineering.

B. SZALEWSKI

2005-03-22

416

Rodents for comparative aging studies: from mice to beavers  

PubMed Central

After humans, mice are the best-studied mammalian species in terms of their biology and genetics. Gerontological research has used mice and rats extensively to generate short- and long-lived mutants, study caloric restriction and more. Mice and rats are valuable model organisms thanks to their small size, short lifespans and fast reproduction. However, when the goal is to further extend the already long human lifespan, studying fast aging species may not provide all the answers. Remarkably, in addition to the fast-aging species, the order Rodentia contains multiple long-lived species with lifespans exceeding 20 years (naked mole-rat, beavers, porcupines, and some squirrels). This diversity opens great opportunities for comparative aging studies. Here we discuss the evolution of lifespan in rodents, review the biology of slow-aging rodents, and show an example of how the use of a comparative approach revealed that telomerase activity coevolved with body mass in rodents. PMID:19424861

Bozzella, Michael J.; Seluanov, Andrei

2008-01-01

417

Unexpected primitive rodents in the Quaternary of Argentina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes the first fossils recorded in the Hernandarias Formation (Pleistocene) in Entre Ríos province (eastern Argentina). They are represented by three teeth assigned to the caviomorph rodents (Rodentia, Mammalia) Aenigmys diamantensis gen. et sp. nov. and Eumysops. To establish the phylogenetic affinities of the two most enigmatic teeth, their enamel microstructure was studied. Aenigmys diamantensis is considered the most primitive taxon of a clade formed by Dinomyidae-Neoepiblemidae-Heptaxodontidae. Evidence of the close relationships among these families also is presented herein. The new fossils reinforce previous hypotheses about the survival of primitive Brazilian taxa after their extinction in the Pampas and Patagonia of southern South America. They also show that the diversity of caviomorph rodents during the Quaternary was greater than supposed and that an important Quaternary extinction, not previously detected, affected several lineages. With the available evidence, it is not possible to determine if these rodents indicate a warm pulse or a particular biogeographic situation in Entre Ríos.

Vucetich, María G.; Vieytes, Emma C.; Verzi, Diego H.; Noriega, Jorge I.; Tonni, Eduardo P.

2005-10-01

418

Rodent models for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders  

PubMed Central

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) reflect the spectrum of neural impairments seen during chronic viral infection. Current research efforts focus on improving antiretroviral and adjunctive therapies, defining disease onset and progression, facilitating drug delivery, and halting neurodegeneration and viral resistance. As HIV is species-specific, generating disease in small animal models has proved challenging. After two decades of research, rodent HAND models now include those containing a human immune system. Antiviral responses, neuroinflammation and immunocyte blood-brain barrier (BBB) trafficking follow HIV infection in these rodent models. Here, we review these and other rodent models of HAND and discuss their unmet potential in reflecting human pathobiology and in facilitating disease monitoring and therapeutic discoveries. PMID:22305769

Gorantla, Santhi; Poluektova, Larisa; Gendelman, Howard E.

2012-01-01

419

Can shrub cover increase predation risk for a desert rodent?  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Previous research indicates that predation risk may influence activity patterns, habitat partitioning, and community structure of nocturnal desert rodents. Shrub microhabitat is typically considered safer than open microhabitat for these small mammals. We investigated predation risk for Townsend's ground squirrels (Spermophilus townsendii), which are diurnal desert rodents that detect predators visually and use burrows for refuge. Our results suggested that shrub cover may increase risk for these squirrels by decreasing their ability to escape from predators. Our field experiment indicated that running speeds of juvenile squirrels were lower in shrub (Ceratoides lanata) habitat than in open areas. Shrub cover was also associated with shorter predator-detection distances (mammalian and avian) and fewer refuges (burrow entrances per hectare) than in open areas in one year but not in another. Our study demonstrated that the visual and locomotive obstruction of vegetative cover may increase predation risk for diurnal desert rodents and that elements of habitat-dependent risk may be temporally dynamic.

Schooley, R.L.; Sharpe, Peter B.

1996-01-01

420

Internal temporal order in the circadian system of a dual-phasing rodent, the Octodon degus.  

PubMed

Daily rhythms in different biochemical and hematological variables have been widely described in either diurnal or nocturnal species, but so far no studies in the rhythms of these variables have been conducted in a dual-phasing species such as the degus. The Octodon degus is a rodent that has the ability to switch from diurnal to nocturnal activity under laboratory conditions in response to wheel-running availability. This species may help us discover whether a complete temporal order inversion occurs parallel to the inversion that has been observed in this rodent's activity pattern. The aim of the present study is to determine the phase relationships among 26 variables, including behavioral, physiological, biochemical, and hematological variables, during the day and at night, in diurnal and nocturnal degus chronotypes induced under controlled laboratory conditions through the availability of wheel running. A total of 39 male degus were individually housed under a 12:12 light-dark (LD) cycle, with free wheel-running access. Wheel-running activity (WRA) and body temperature (Tb) rhythms were recorded throughout the experiment. Melatonin, hematological, and biochemical variables were determined by means of blood samples obtained every 6?h (ZT1, ZT7, ZT13, and ZT19). In spite of great differences in WRA and Tb rhythms between nocturnal and diurnal degus, no such differences were observed in the temporal patterns of most of the biological variables analyzed for the two chronotypes. Variation was only found in plasma urea level and lymphocyte number. A slight delay in the phase of the melatonin rhythm was also observed. This study shows the internal temporal order of a dual-phasing mammal does not show a complete inversion in accordance with its activity and body temperature pattern; it would appear that the switching mechanism involved in the degu's nocturnalism is located downstream from the pacemaker. PMID:20854135

Otalora, Beatriz Baño; Vivanco, Pablo; Madariaga, Ana Maria; Madrid, Juan Antonio; Rol, Maria Angeles

2010-09-01

421

Potential clinical translation of juvenile rodent inactivity models to study the onset of childhood obesity  

PubMed Central

According to the latest data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention 17%, or 12.5 million, of children and adolescents aged 2–19 years in the United States are obese. Physical inactivity is designated as one of the actual causes of US deaths and undoubtedly contributes to the obesity epidemic in children and adults. Examining the effects of inactivity on physiological homeostasis during youth is crucial given that 58% of children between the ages 6–11 yr old fail to obtain the recommended 60 min/day of physical activity and 92% of adolescents fail to achieve this goal [Troiano et al. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 40, 2008]. Nonetheless, invasive mechanistic studies in children linking diminished physical activity with metabolic maladies are lacking for obvious ethical reasons. The rodent wheel lock (WL) model was adopted by our laboratory and others to study how different organ systems of juvenile rats respond to a cessation of daily physical activity. Our WL model houses rats in cages equipped with voluntary running wheels starting at 28 days of age. After a certain period of voluntary running (3 to 6 wk), the wheels are locked, thus preventing the rats' primary source of physical activity. The studies discussed herein suggest that obesity-associated maladies including skeletal muscle insulin resistance, hypothalamic leptin resistance, fatty acid oxidation impairments in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and endothelial dysfunction are initiated in juvenile animals that are restrained from voluntary exercise via WL. The use of the juvenile rodent WL or other inactivity models will continue to provide a powerful clinical translational tool that can be used for primordial prevention of human childhood obesity. PMID:22696577

Roberts, Michael D.; Company, Joseph M.; Brown, Jacob D.; Toedebusch, Ryan G.; Padilla, Jaume; Jenkins, Nathan T.; Laughlin, M. Harold

2012-01-01

422

Religion in the Locker Room  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In September 2011, Paul Phillips stepped out of his football team's field house and into a struggle over the separation of church and state. Like most teams, Paul's practiced after school. But one day he found that the coach had called in a local minister to conduct a weekly half-hour "team chapel" before practice. Paul, who does not believe in…

Price, Sean

2013-01-01

423

Controlling House Sparrows  

E-print Network

and around outdoor tables at restaurants. Sparrows do not migrate, although some birds may travel sev- eral miles to seasonal feeding sites. Damage Most damage caused by sparrows results from their nesting and feeding habits. Sparrows nest on houses.... When sparrows become a problem, several things can be done to discourage them. L-1920 4-08 Control Methods Exclusion Several methods can be used to prevent spar- rows from nesting and roosting in urban areas. All building openings larger than 3 ?4-inch...

Texas Wildlife Services

2008-04-15

424

Cleaning up the House  

SciTech Connect

Under the new 'Green the Capital' initiative, measures are making the House of Representatives a more energy efficient workplace. The Capital power plant, which burns mostly coal and natural gas to heat seven boilers, must operate in a carbon-neutral fashion by the end of 2008, by increasing energy efficiency and fuel switching. Roughly 103,000 MW hours of electricity will be bought each year from solar and wind-powered sources. Other measures being implemented are use of fluorescent light bulbs and recycled paper, and a boost in recycling of materials. 4 photos.

Hogue, C.

2007-12-15

425

Underground house book  

SciTech Connect

Aesthetics, attitudes, and acceptance of earth-covered buildings are examined initially, followed by an examination of land, money, water, earth, design, heat, and interior factors. Contributions made by architect Frank Lloyd Wright are discussed and reviewed. Contemporary persons, mostly designers, who contribute from their experiences with underground structures are Andy Davis; Rob Roy; Malcolm Wells; John Barnard, Jr.; Jeff Sikora; and Don Metz. A case study to select the site, design, and prepare to construct Earthtech 6 is described. Information is given in appendices on earth-protected buildings and existing basements; financing earth-sheltered housing; heating-load calculations and life-cycle costing; and designer names and addresses. (MCW)

Campbell, S.

1980-01-01

426

Synanthropic rodents as possible reservoirs of shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli strains.  

PubMed

Shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are worldwide zoonotic pathogen responsible for different cases of human disease including hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Transmission of STEC to humans occurs through the consumption of food and water contaminated by faeces of carriers and by person-to-person contact. The objective of this study was two-fold: (1) to investigate whether synanthropic rodents are possible reservoirs of STEC in the urban area and (2) whether a particular genus out of synanthropic rodent is the principal carrier of STEC. One hundred and forty-five rodents were captured in Buenos Aires City. Screening for stx1/stx2 and rfbO157 was done by PCR from the confluence zone. STEC isolates were further characterized with biochemical tests by standard methods. Additional virulence factors (eae, ehxA, and saa) were also determined by PCR. Forty-one of the rodents were necropsied and sample of kidney and small and large intestine were taken for histopathological diagnosis. The samples sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and observed by light microscopy to evaluate the systemic involvement of these species in natural infections. STEC was isolated from seven out of 27 suspect animals at screening. The following genotypes were found in the STEC strains: stx1/stx2/ehxA (1), stx2 (4), stx2/ehxA (1), stx2/ehxA/eae (1). Neither gross nor microscopic lesions compatible with those produced by Shiga toxin were observed in the studied organs of necropsied rodents. The bivariate analysis including the 145 rodent's data showed that the isolation of STEC is associated positively to Rattus genus. This synanthropic species may play a role in the transmissibility of the agent thus being a risk to the susceptible population. Their control should be included specifically in actions to dismiss the contamination of food and water by STEC in the urban area, as additional strategies for epidemiological control. PMID:23125967

Blanco Crivelli, Ximena; Rumi, María V; Carfagnini, Julio C; Degregorio, Osvaldo; Bentancor, Adriana B

2012-01-01

427

Multiple infections of rodents with zoonotic pathogens in Austria.  

PubMed

Rodents are important reservoirs for a large number of zoonotic pathogens. We examined the occurrence of 11 viral, bacterial, and parasitic agents in rodent populations in Austria, including three different hantaviruses, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, orthopox virus, Leptospira spp., Borrelia spp., Rickettsia spp., Bartonella spp., Coxiella burnetii, and Toxoplasma gondii. In 2008, 110 rodents of four species (40 Clethrionomys glareolus, 29 Apodemus flavicollis, 26 Apodemus sylvaticus, and 15 Microtus arvalis) were trapped at two rural sites in Lower Austria. Chest cavity fluid and samples of lung, spleen, kidney, liver, brain, and ear pinna skin were collected. We screened selected tissue samples for hantaviruses, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, orthopox viruses, Leptospira, Borrelia, Rickettsia, Bartonella spp., C. burnetii, and T. gondii by RT-PCR/PCR and detected nucleic acids of Tula hantavirus, Leptospira spp., Borrelia afzelii, Rickettsia spp., and different Bartonella species. Serological investigations were performed for hantaviruses, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, orthopox viruses, and Rickettsia spp. Here, Dobrava-Belgrade hantavirus-, Tula hantavirus-, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus-, orthopox virus-, and rickettsia-specific antibodies were demonstrated. Puumala hantavirus, C. burnetii, and T. gondii were neither detected by RT-PCR/PCR nor by serological methods. In addition, multiple infections with up to three pathogens were shown in nine animals of three rodent species from different trapping sites. In conclusion, these results show that rodents in Austria may host multiple zoonotic pathogens. Our observation raises important questions regarding the interactions of different pathogens in the host, the countermeasures of the host's immune system, the impact of the host-pathogen interaction on the fitness of the host, and the spread of infectious agents among wild rodents and from those to other animals or humans. PMID:24915446

Schmidt, Sabrina; Essbauer, Sandra S; Mayer-Scholl, Anne; Poppert, Sven; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas; Klempa, Boris; Henning, Klaus; Schares, Gereon; Groschup, Martin H; Spitzenberger, Friederike; Richter, Dania; Heckel, Gerald; Ulrich, Rainer G

2014-07-01

428

Cairncross House OFFICE/RECEPTION  

E-print Network

and accommodates 213 students. Its facilities include a large common room/TV room and a quiet study room PROCEDURE; FIRE DETECTION EQUIPMENT. 13 FIRE DETECTION EQUIPMENT CONT; FIRE DOORS; FIRE PREVENTION EQUIPMENT; PARTIES; PLACES OF WORSHIP; POLICE STATIONS; RECYCLING & GREEN ISSUES. 17 REPAIRS; REPAIR PRIORITY

Glasgow, University of

429

HOUSING RATES for Conferences: Student Day Professional Day (**) Housing rates are per person Single/Share Room Single/Share Room  

E-print Network

for 1st 8 hrs ....$250/hour for next 4 hrs....$4000 day rate for over 12 hrs....ROV* $141/hr * 4 hour minimum charge of $563 for ROV BEDDING: $6.00/week Kit includes sheets, towel(s) - no wash- cloths

Carrington, Emily

430

Museum specimen data predict crop damage by tropical rodents  

PubMed Central

Museum collections constitute a massive store of information on biological diversity. We used museum specimen data to generate ecological niche models that provide predictions of geographic distributions of native rodent pest species and agricultural census data that summarize the geographic distribution of nine crops in the state of Veracruz, Mexico, as well as crop losses between planting and harvest. Herein, we show that crop damage is related significantly to the predicted presence of rodent species for seven of nine crops. Museum collections may thus provide important baseline information for designing land-use and agricultural pest-management programs. PMID:10860973

Sánchez-Cordero, Víctor; Martínez-Meyer, Enrique

2000-01-01

431

Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism during activity in small rodents.  

PubMed

Analysis of oxygen consumption and lactic acid formation during five minutes of maximal activity by the rodents Microtus montanus (Cricetidae) and Dipodomys merriami (Hetermyidae) indicates that: (1) anaerobiosis provides approximately 10% of total energy utilized during the 5-minute activity period; (2) anaerobiosis may account for as much as one-third of total energy utilized during the first 30 seconds of activity. In addition, these data indicate at least one species of lizard may be capable of a higher total rate of metabolism during "burst" activity than are the rodents investigated here. PMID:381568

Ruben, J A; Battalia, D E

1979-04-01

432

Collection and preparation of rodent embryonic samples for transcriptome study.  

PubMed

The need for large-scale collection of rodent embryos and individual embryonic tissues for genomic and proteomic studies requires modification of traditional practices of embryo necropsy. The sample intended for transcriptome study should be rapidly dissected and stabilized to preserve its molecular integrity. The retrieval of high-quality RNA, DNA, and proteins from the target tissue is crucial for informative molecular analysis (e.g., gene profiling on microarray platform). We present a reliable method of collection and preparation of rodent embryos for genomic studies supported by detailed protocols and RNA extraction results for different stages of mouse embryonic development. PMID:24318829

Golubeva, Yelena; Symer, David

2014-01-01

433

Ozone decontamination of bioclean rooms.  

PubMed Central

To establish a convenient method for decontaminating bioclean rooms, the effect of ozone at 80 mg/m3 for 72 h was compared with formaldehyde vaporization at an initial concentration of 150 mg/m3 with a gradual decrease to 20 mg/m3 during 72 h. Ozone was found to be inferior to formaldehyde in activity. When the bioclean room was decontaminated twice with ozone, the mean colony count per 10 cm2 was decreased to about the same level as when formaldehyde was used. Ozone had a strong caustic effect upon rubber materials. Despite these disadvantages, ozone decontamination was demonstrated to be superior to formaldehyde vaporization because of convenience, insignificant inhalation of the disinfectant by the hospital staff, and very rapid expulsion of the gas after ventilation. Because the disadvantages of ozone can be easily controlled, this study suggests that ozone decontamination is a promising method for maintaining bioclean rooms. PMID:6803668

Masaoka, T; Kubota, Y; Namiuchi, S; Takubo, T; Ueda, T; Shibata, H; Nakamura, H; Yoshitake, J; Yamayoshi, T; Doi, H; Kamiki, T

1982-01-01

434

Evaluation of an operant successive negative contrast task as a method to study affective state in rodents.  

PubMed

Successive negative contrast (SNC) describes a change in an animal's behaviour following a downshift in the quantitative or qualitative value of a reward. Previous studies suggest both consummatory and instrumental paradigms have the potential to provide an objective measure of affective state in rodents. We first investigated whether an SNC effect is observed in an operant task based on the 5 choice serial reaction time task. We then tested whether this SNC effect was sensitive to differences in affective state induced by manipulating the home cage environment. In animals trained to receive a four pellet food reward, reinforcer downshift to a single reward pellet induced a significant slowing of both correct response and collection latencies to levels below that of animals which had only ever received the lower value reward, indicating a SNC effect. Home cage environmental enrichment resulted in a paradoxical effect on responses in this SNC task where animals housed in a barren environment showed faster baseline response times and the SNC effect was significantly attenuated. These data suggest that the animals housed in the barren conditions were in a more positive affective and/or motivational state during testing than animals housed in enriched cages. Although opposite to the effects of housing conditions in a runway SNC task, these data could be explained by the enriching effects of daily training in an operant task. Rather than inducing a negative affective state in rats, the barren housing conditions resulted in a relatively more positive affective state in the chamber when compared to animals living in a highly enriched environment. PMID:22732261

Mitchell, Emma N; Marston, Hugh M; Nutt, David J; Robinson, Emma S J

2012-10-01

435

National Low Income Housing Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Amid the successes of new residential housing developments throughout the United States, there are many policy analysts and community activists who remain concern about the general lack of affordable housing in some parts of the country. One such group is the National Low Income Housing Coalition, which is primarily focused on the creation and maintenance of housing for persons in the lowest income brackets. The site itself is quite rich in materials, including the AdvocateâÂÂs Guide which contains short chapters describing more than 60 housing-related programs, proposals, and issues. Another very useful set of documents are the âÂÂOut of Reachâ annual reports, which offer statistical data and summaries of the affordability (or lack of affordability) of housing options in different regions of the country.

2005-01-01

436

Anatomy of a Smart house  

SciTech Connect

The author describes the Gas Laboratory House in Bowie, MD. It is being built as a SMART HOUSE. This means it will contain a whole-house control system made up of communication chips, computer programs and microprocessor-based controllers. A single cable carries signals from the chips to many different types of appliances. Flexible gas piping forms a ''circulatory system'' that makes the house completely compatible with natural gas appliances. The SMART HOUSE is fully programmable so that appliances can be told when to turn on and off. It can also have a zoned space-conditioning system, allowing sections of the house to be heated or cooled independently. The authors explains how the system works and the project's development schedule.

Kennedy, L.

1988-07-01

437

Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter  

SciTech Connect

Terahertz (THz) range electroluminescence from intersubband polariton states is observed in the ultra strong coupling regime, where the interaction energy between the collective excitation of a dense electron gas and a photonic mode is a significant portion of the uncoupled excitation energy. The polariton's increased emission efficiency along with a parabolic electron confinement potential allows operation up to room temperature in a nonresonant pumping scheme. This observation of room temperature electroluminescence of an intersubband device in the THz range is a promising proof of concept for more powerful THz sources.

Geiser, Markus; Scalari, Giacomo; Castellano, Fabrizio; Beck, Mattias; Faist, Jerome [Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 16, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland)

2012-10-01

438

Anesthesia Outside the Operating Room  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Sedation for children outside the operating room has been the subject of numerous discussions in the last 20 years, especially\\u000a for pediatric anesthesiologists. Among the reasons why this was and continues to be an important topic (Fig. 15.1) for us\\u000a are:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a An increase in the number and type of procedures outside and inside the operating room (OR), versus a

Teresa Valois

439

5.NF Painting a room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Kulani is painting his room. He needs $\\frac13$ of a gallon to paint the whole room. What fraction of a gallon will he need for each of his 4 walls if ...

440

Jane Addams Hull House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy Cityâ≢s West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

441

Rodent Population Densities and Food Habits in Arizona Ponderosa Pine Forests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Habitat preference, effect of timber harvesting on population densities, and food habits were determined for small rodents inhabiting ponderosa pine in north-central Arizona. Forbs were the primary summer food item for all rodent species. Seeds and flower...

J. G. Goodwin, C. R. Hungerford

1979-01-01

442

Library Reserved Room Policy All Meeting Spaces  

E-print Network

to the walls or doors of the room or Library public areas without explicit permission from the Library. AllLibrary Reserved Room Policy All Meeting Spaces Room reservation To make a reservation for any Library meeting space, complete the room reservation form at http://library

Mather, Patrick T.

443

Housing in America 1985/86. Current Housing Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of data, collected in 1985 and 1986, is presented in this first biennial report that deals with U.S. housing and the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of its occupants. The U.S. Census American Housing Survey of 1985 is the primary database for the report, which provides an excellent resource for teacher background…

Current Housing Report, 1989

1989-01-01

444

Terrace housing : providing quality in higher-density housing  

E-print Network

The higher demand of higher-density housing in Bangkok due to the rapid growth of the economy and the use of high-performance materials and modern construction methods has changed the forms of housing from low-rise buildings ...

Atthakor, Songpol

1992-01-01

445

Games Room The Rules Bookings  

E-print Network

Games Room ­ The Rules Bookings: o Your bookings are limited to 2 hours per group per day. o If you join a game session that has been fines. o Game sessions start and end at the times booked; they cannot

Thompson, Michael

446

SITUATION ROOM November 7. 2008  

E-print Network

for health care reform. ROBERT DALLEK, PRESIDENTIAL HISTORIAN: You are never going to get back to what and since election day. The aide tried to downplay Ted Kennedy's role in the Obama health plan. But no doubtSITUATION ROOM November 7. 2008 Will Kennedys Be in Obama Cabinet? (Transcript Excerpt) SOLEDAD O

Huang, Jianyu

447

Locker Rooms: The Durable Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers advice on heavy-use locker-room design that provides easier maintenance and vandal resistance. Design features and materials used for flooring, ceilings, and walls are addressed as are built-in systems and equipment, toilet and shower fixtures and partitions, lockers, and mechanical and electrical systems. (GR)

Viklund, Roy; Coons, John

1997-01-01

448

HANTAVIRUS(BUNYAVIRIDAE) INFECTIONS IN RODENTS FROM ORANGE AND SAN DIEGO COUNTIES, CALIFORNIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

During a screening program to determine the extent of hantavirus activity in Orange and San Diego Counties, California, serum samples from 2,365 rodents representing nine genera and 15 species were tested for hantavirus antibodies. A reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction on selected seropositive rodents was used to identify the specific hantavirus. Rodents positive for Sin Nombre virus (SNV) antibodies by Western

STEPHEN G. BENNETT; JAMES P. WEBB; MINOO B. MADON; JAMES E. CHILDS; THOMAS G. KSIAZEK; NORAH TORREZ-MARTINEZ; BRIAN HJELLE

449

Rodent Pest Control Through the Reintroduction of an Extirpated Raptor Species  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zoos, by nature, are breeding grounds for high numbers of rodents. The use of poisons and traps has been the main tool for rodent control. By acquiring and reintroducing avian predators, specifically barn owls, into a zoo setting, the rodent population could be controlled naturally. Barn owls (Tyto alba) once flourished in Pennsylvania and surrounding areas, particularly in old wooden

Kathryn Antkowiak; Thomas Hayes

450

The Touchscreen Cognitive Testing Method for Rodents: How to Get the Best out of Your Rat  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The touchscreen testing method for rodents is a computer-automated behavioral testing method that allows computer graphic stimuli to be presented to rodents and the rodents to respond to the computer screen via a nose-poke directly to the stimulus. The advantages of this method are numerous; however, a systematic study of the parameters that…

Bussey, Timothy J.; Padain, Tina L.; Skillings, Elizabeth A.; Winters, Boyer D.; Morton, A. Jennifer; Saksida, Lisa M.

2008-01-01

451

Evidence for Higher Rates of Nucleotide Substitution in Rodents Than in Man  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the coding regions of 11 genes from rodents (mouse or rat) and man are compared with those from another mammalian species (usually bovine), it is found that rodents evolve significantly faster than man. The ratio of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the rodent lineage to that in the human lineage since their divergence is 2.0 for synonymous substitutions

Chung-I. Wu; Wen-Hsiung Li

1985-01-01

452

Instrumentation for a radon research house  

SciTech Connect

A highly automated monitoring and control system for studying radon and radon-daughter behavior in residences has been designed and built. The system has been installed in a research house, a test space contained in a two-story wood-framed building, which allows us to conduct controlled studies of (1) pollutant transport within and between rooms, (2) the dynamics of radon daughter behavior, and (3) techniques for controlling radon and radon daughters. The system's instrumentation is capable of measuring air-exchange rate, four-point radon concentration, individual radon daughter concentrations, indoor temerature and humidity, and outdoor weather parameters (temperature, humidity, modules, wind speed, and wind direction). It is also equipped with modules that control the injection of radon and tracer gas into the test space, the operation of the forced-air furnace, the mechanical ventilation system, and the mixing fans located in each room. A microcomputer controls the experiments and records the data on magnetic tape and on a printing terminal. The data on tape is transferred to a larger computer system for reduction and analysis. In this paper we describe the essential design and function of the instrumentation system, as a whole, singling out those components that measure ventilation rate, radon concentration, and radon daughter concentrations.

Nazaroff, W.W.; Revzan, K.L.; Robb, A.W.

1981-07-01

453

Leptospira spp. in Rodents and Shrews in Germany  

PubMed Central

Leptospirosis is an acute, febrile disease occurring in humans and animals worldwide. Leptospira spp. are usually transmitted through direct or indirect contact with the urine of infected reservoir animals. Among wildlife species, rodents act as the most important reservoir for both human and animal infection. To gain a better understanding of the occurrence and distribution of pathogenic leptospires in rodent and shrew populations in Germany, kidney specimens of 2973 animals from 11 of the 16 federal states were examined by PCR. Rodent species captured included five murine species (family Muridae), six vole species (family Cricetidae) and six shrew species (family Soricidae). The most abundantly trapped animals were representatives of the rodent species Apodemus flavicollis, Clethrionomys glareolus and Microtus agrestis. Leptospiral DNA was amplified in 10% of all animals originating from eight of the 11 federal states. The highest carrier rate was found in Microtus spp. (13%), followed by Apodemus spp. (11%) and Clethrionomys spp. (6%). The most common Leptospira genomospecies determined by duplex PCR was L. kirschneri, followed by L. interrogans and L. borgpetersenii; all identified by single locus sequence typing (SLST). Representatives of the shrew species were also carriers of Leptospira spp. In 20% of Crocidura spp. and 6% of the Sorex spp. leptospiral DNA was detected. Here, only the pathogenic genomospecies L. kirschneri was identified. PMID:25062275

Mayer-Scholl, Anne; Hammerl, Jens Andre; Schmidt, Sabrina; Ulrich, Rainer G.; Pfeffer, Martin; Woll, Dietlinde; Scholz, Holger C.; Thomas, Astrid; Nockler, Karsten

2014-01-01

454

Rodent Models of Alcoholic Liver Disease: Of Mice and Men  

PubMed Central

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major cause of acute and chronic liver disease worldwide. The progressive nature of ALD is well described however the complex interactions under which these pathologies evolve remain to be fully elucidated. Clinically there are no clear biomarkers or universally accepted, effective treatment strategies for ALD. Experimental models of ALD are an important component in identifying underlying mechanisms of alcohol-induced injury to develop better diagnostic markers, predictors of disease progression, and therapeutic targets to manage, halt, or reverse disease progression. Rodents remain the most accessible model for studying ALD pathology. Effective rodent models must mimic the natural history of ALD while allowing examination of complex interactions between multiple hepatic, and non-hepatic, cell types in the setting of altered metabolic or oxidative/nitrosative stress, inflammatory responses, and sensitivity to cytotoxic stress. Additionally, mode and duration of alcohol delivery influences hepatic response and presents unique challenges in understanding disease pathology. This review provides an overview of rodent models of ALD, their strengths and weaknesses relative to human disease states, and provides insight of the potential to develop novel rodent models to simulate the course of human ALD. PMID:22960051

Brandon-Warner, Elizabeth; Schrum, Laura W.; Schmidt, C. Max; McKillop, Iain H.

2012-01-01

455

Arenavirus antibody in rodents indigenous to coastal southern California.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to extend our knowledge on the geographic and natural rodent host ranges of New World arenaviruses in California. Sera from 1,094 sigmodontine and 112 murine rodents were tested for antibody against Whitewater Arroyo and Amapari viruses. Antibody was found in 55 (4.6%) of the 1,206 rodents: 4 from northwestern San Diego County, 3 from Los Angeles County, and 48 from Orange County. The antibody-positive rodents included 8 (7.8%) of 103 Neotoma fuscipes, 1 (0.6%) of 180 Neotoma lepida, 1 (3.1%) of 32 Peromyscus boylii, 8 (11.0%) of 73 Peromyscus californicus, 1 (1.2%) of 85 Peromyscus eremicus, 30 (8.5%) of 353 Peromyscus maniculatus, and 6 (2.2%) of 268 Reithrodontomys megalotis. This study provides the first evidence that New World arenaviruses occur in Los Angeles and Orange counties and northwestern San Diego County, and the first evidence that Peromyscus and Reithrodontomys species are naturally infected with New World arenaviruses. PMID:11289675

Bennett, S G; Milazzo, M L; Webb, J P; Fulhorst, C F

2000-05-01

456

Rodent Model for Forelimb Neuromuscular Stimulation Based Movement Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the development of a novel rodent model for neuromuscular stimulation assisted forelimb movement. The motor points for flexors and extensors of the shoulder, elbow, and digits were identified and the muscles were implanted with custom intramuscular stimulation electrodes. Strength-duration curves were generated to guide the choice of stimulation parameters required to produce consistent isolated contraction of each muscle

Tsukasa Kanchiku; James V Lynskey; Toshihiko Taguchi; James J. Abbas

457

Octodon degus: A Diurnal, Social, and Long-lived Rodent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Octodon degus is a moderate-sized, precocious, but slowly maturing, hystricomorph rodent from central Chile. We have used this species to study a variety of questions about circadian rhythms in a diurnal mammal that readily adapts to most laboratory settings. In collaboration with others, we have found that a number of fundamental features of circa- dian function differ in this diurnal

Theresa M. Lee

458

Visual adaptations in a diurnal rodent, Octodon degus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The degu (Octodon degus) is a diurnal rodent, native to Chile. Basic features of vision and visual organization in this species were examined in a series of anatomical, electrophysiological and behavioral experiments. The lens of the degu eye selectively absorbs short-wavelength light and shows a progressive increase in optical density as a function of age. Electroretinograms recorded using a flicker-photometric

G. H. Jacobs; J. B. Calderone; J. A. Fenwick; K. Krogh; G. A. Williams

2003-01-01

459

Leptospira spp. in rodents and shrews in Germany.  

PubMed

Leptospirosis is an acute, febrile disease occurring in humans and animals worldwide. Leptospira spp. are usually transmitted through direct or indirect contact with the urine of infected reservoir animals. Among wildlife species, rodents act as the most important reservoir for both human and animal infection. To gain a better understanding of the occurrence and distribution of pathogenic leptospires in rodent and shrew populations in Germany, kidney specimens of 2973 animals from 11 of the 16 federal states were examined by PCR. Rodent species captured included five murine species (family Muridae), six vole species (family Cricetidae) and six shrew species (family Soricidae). The most abundantly trapped animals were representatives of the rodent species Apodemus flavicollis, Clethrionomys glareolus and Microtus agrestis. Leptospiral DNA was amplified in 10% of all animals originating from eight of the 11 federal states. The highest carrier rate was found in Microtus spp. (13%), followed by Apodemus spp. (11%) and Clethrionomys spp. (6%). The most common Leptospira genomospecies determined by duplex PCR was L. kirschneri, followed by L. interrogans and L. borgpetersenii; all identified by single locus sequence typing (SLST). Representatives of the shrew species were also carriers of Leptospira spp. In 20% of Crocidura spp. and 6% of the Sorex spp. leptospiral DNA was detected. Here, only the pathogenic genomospecies L. kirschneri was identified. PMID:25062275

Mayer-Scholl, Anne; Hammerl, Jens Andre; Schmidt, Sabrina; Ulrich, Rainer G; Pfeffer, Martin; Woll, Dietlinde; Scholz, Holger C; Thomas, Astrid; Nöckler, Karsten

2014-08-01

460

Haplosporangium in an Additional Rodent Host, Microtus pennsylvanicus Drummondi  

Microsoft Academic Search

SINCE 1942 1, there has been an increase in the number of reports on haplomycosis in rodents and other animals trapped in the United States, Canada and England. Two recent reports from Canada and Sweden describing further isolations of the causative organism Haplosporangium were those published by Bakerspigel2 and Jellison3.

A. Bakerspigel

1957-01-01

461

Temporal changes in a Chihuahuan Desert rodent community  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used time series analysis of ten years of monthly census data to assess the responses of both individual species and an entire community of rodents to a fluctu- ating desert environment. Autocorrelation analysis revealed different patterns of intra-annual fluctuation among the It species: Dipodomys spectabilis and Perog- nathus Jarus had pronounced annual cycles: D. ordii, D. merriaini, Chaetodipus penicillutu~,

James H. Brown; Edward J. Heske

1990-01-01

462

A mechanism for resource allocation among sympatric heteromyid rodent species  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory feeding experiments were conducted with Dipodomys ordii and Perognathus flavus in an attempt to discover a mechanism which might result in seed size selection. There was no marked difference in the proportions of four seed types collected whether the rodents foraged in the presence or absence of one another. However, analysis of the variability in weight of each of

Richard L. Hutto

1978-01-01

463

CONCENTRATED AMBIENT PARTICULATE STUDIES IN HEALTHY AND COMPROMISED RODENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

CONCENTRATED AMBIENT PARTICULATE STUDIES IN HEALTHY AND COMPROMISED RODENTS. WP Watkinson1, LB Wichers2, JP Nolan1, DW Winsett1, UP Kodavanti1, MCJ Schladweiler1, LC Walsh1, ER Lappi1, D Terrell1, R Slade1, AD Ledbetter1, and DL Costa1. 1USEPA, ORD/NHEERL/ETD/PTB, RTP, NC, US...

464

Circuit Dynamics and Coding Strategies in Rodent Somatosensory Cortex  

E-print Network

. BRUMBERG,2 AND DANIEL J. SIMONS2 1 Department of Mathematics, University of Pittsburgh; and 2 Department., Joshua C. Brumberg, and Daniel J. Simons. Circuit dynamics and coding strategies in rodent somatosensory that briefly withstands the strong damping effects of inhib- itory circuitry. To test this experimentally, we

Simons, Dan

465

Evaluation of two oral baiting systems for wild rodents.  

PubMed

Tetracycline hydrochloride (TC)-treated peanut butter or rodent chow baits were distributed during March 1990, on separate 0.53 ha sites in Oglethorpe County, Georgia (USA). Rodents were trapped on a control site prior to bait distribution and on two baited sites 6 days post-distribution. Cleaned skulls from euthanized mammals were grossly examined for TC fluorescence using an ultraviolet (UV) light. Mandibles were sectioned and examined for TC fluorescence using an ultraviolet light microscope. All 21 cotton rats (Sigmodon hispidus), four eastern harvest mice (Rithrodontomys humulis), and two golden mice (Ochrotomys nuttalli) captured on the control site were negative for TC fluorescence. On the peanut butter bait site, mandible sections from 29 of 32 (91%) cotton rats, three of three (100%) eastern harvest mice, two of three (66%) golden mice, zero of five (0%) white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus), one of three (33%) short-tailed shrews (Blarina brevicauda), and zero of two (0%) least shrews (Cryptotis parva) were positive for TC. Results from the rodent chow bait site indicated that 18 of 25 (72%) cotton rats, zero of three (0%) eastern harvest mice, two of seven (29%) golden mice, zero of four (0%) white-footed mice, and zero of four (0%) least shrews were positive for TC fluorescence in mandible sections. These results suggest that a large portion of a free-ranging small rodent population can be administered biological markers or vaccines using baits. PMID:9577787

Creekmore, T E; Fletcher, W O; Stallknecht, D E

1998-04-01

466

off mapoff map Lactation Rooms  

E-print Network

Science Bldg · Women's showers 8 Magruder Hall · rm 101b 9 Memorial Union · rm 008 10 Milne Hall · Basement Women's Restroom Annex 11 Nash Hall · 1st floor Women's Restroom Annex 12 Ocean Admin · rm101a 13 · Bates Hall 19 Family Housing 20 OSU KidSpirit · Langton Hall, rm 125 21 Our Little Village | Library · 3

Escher, Christine

467

Manufactured Housing Appreciation: Stereotypes and Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers Union assessed the financial appreciation of manufactured- housing units, by examining the relative appreciation rates of manufactured housing and site-built housing, as well as the factors affecting the appreciation rate of manufactured housing. Our analysis includes an extensive literature review of previous work in the field, as well as primary research using data from the 1985–1999 American Housing Survey

Kevin Jewell

2003-01-01

468

The Economist Interactive: Global Housing Prices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive tool allows the user to view global housing prices by country and time frame, and housing price index, the percentage of change over time, housing price in real terms, house prices compared to rents, or house price against average income.

Economist, The

469

Bartonella species in invasive rats and indigenous rodents from Uganda.  

PubMed

The presence of bartonellae in invasive rats (Rattus rattus) and indigenous rodents (Arvicanthis niloticus and Cricetomys gambianus) from two districts in Uganda, Arua and Zombo, was examined by PCR detection and culture. Blood from a total of 228 R. rattus, 31 A. niloticus, and 5 C. gambianus was screened using genus-specific primers targeting the 16S-23S intergenic spacer region. Furthermore, rodent blood was plated on brain heart infusion blood agar, and isolates were verified as Bartonella species using citrate synthase gene- (gltA) specific primers. One hundred and four fleas recovered from R. rattus were also tested for the presence of Bartonella species using the same gltA primer set. An overall prevalence of 1.3% (three of 228) was obtained in R. rattus, whereas 61.3% of 31 A. niloticus and 60% of five C. gambianus were positive for the presence of Bartonella species. Genotypes related to Bartonella elizabethae, a known zoonotic pathogen, were detected in three R. rattus and one C. gambianus. Bartonella strains, similar to bacteria detected in indigenous rodents from other African countries, were isolated from the blood of A. niloticus. Bartonellae, similar to bacteria initially cultured from Ornithodorus sonrai (soft tick) from Senegal, were found in two C. gambianus. Interestingly, bartonellae detected in fleas from invasive rats were similar to bacteria identified in indigenous rodents and not their rat hosts, with an overall prevalence of 6.7%. These results suggest that if fleas are competent vectors of these bartonellae, humans residing in these two districts of Uganda are potentially at greater risk for exposure to Bartonella species from native rodents than from invasive rats. The low prevalence of bartonellae in R. rattus was quite surprising, in contrast, to the detection of these organisms in a large percentage of Rattus species from other geographical areas. A possible reason for this disparity is discussed. PMID:24575846

Billeter, Sarah A; Borchert, Jeff N; Atiku, Linda A; Mpanga, Joseph T; Gage, Kenneth L; Kosoy, Michael Y

2014-03-01

470

Housing Tenure and Social Class.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The collection of papers may be said to represent the range and quality of current research on the subject of housing tenure and social class. They analyze how the housing market operates to sort households by occupation and income, and provide valuable e...

R. Harris, G. Pratt

1987-01-01

471

Money Illusion and Housing Frenzies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reduction in inflation can fuel run-ups in housing prices if people suffer from money illusion. For example, investors who decide whether to rent or buy a house by simply comparing monthly rent and mortgage payments do not take into account that inflation lowers future real mortgage costs. We decompose the price-rent ratio in a rational component -- meant to

Markus K. Brunnermeier; Christian Julliard

2006-01-01

472

New Trends in Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the influence of residence halls in supporting a college's admissions and recruiting process for attracting highly qualified students. It explores the trends in student housing needs and how a school can meet those needs, and examines possible funding solutions for dormitory renovations. Recommendations for developing housing strategies…

Koch, David; Wesse, David; Stickney, Robert

1999-01-01

473

The Philosophy of University Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a stated philosophy of university housing and the philosophy's effect on the facilitation of the personal and intellectual growth of students residing in the residence halls and the development of a sense of community. This particular philosophy governs the housing operations at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.…

Wallace, James A.

2012-01-01

474

Housing Uncertainty and Childhood Impatience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study demonstrates a direct link between housing uncertainty and children's time preferences, or patience. We show that students who face housing uncertainties through mortgage foreclosures and eviction learn impatient behavior and are therefore at greater risk of making poor intertemporal choices such as dropping out of school. We find that…

Anil, Bulent; Jordan, Jeffrey L.; Zahirovic-Herbert, Velma

2011-01-01

475

Climate Kids: Tiny House Fun  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Houses, some with floor space of less then 100 square feet, can leave a small carbon footprint. This article describes those "tiny houses," and gives additional reasons some people choose to live in them. Photos of several are included. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

476

Urban Decline and Durable Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban decline is not the mirror image of growth, and durable housing is the primary reason the nature of decline is so different. This paper presents a model of urban decline with durable housing and verifies these implications of the model: (1) city growth rates are skewed so that cities grow more quickly than they decline; (2) urban decline is…

Glaeser, Edward L.; Gyourko, Joseph

2005-01-01

477

President's House Price's Fork Road  

E-print Network

President's House Price's Fork Road Inn at Virginia Tech and Skelton Conference Center HOKIE BIKE HUB Media Hall Cassell Coliseum Torgersen Hall Center For The Arts Dietrick Hall Rector Field House War Memorial Cowgill Hall Price Hall Life Sciences I Facility Hutcheson Hall Pritchard Hall Hancock Hall Lee Hall

Buehrer, R. Michael

478

Segmentation in Urban Housing Markets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the hypothesis that urban housing markets are segmented, in the sense that significantly different prices per unit of housing services exist contemporaneously in spatially or structurally defined markets, is tested. A main conclusion is that the market is working fairly efficiently to eliminate price premiums and discounts.…

Schnare, Ann B.; Struyk, Raymond J.

1976-01-01

479

On Optimal Taxation of Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the question of optimal taxation of housing, when the set of tax instruments at the government's disposal is not artificially restricted. There are two groups of persons, who differ in earning abilities and in tastes, and two types of housing goods (high- and low-quality). The paper characterizes the Pareto-efficient allocations that are attainable through the tax policy.

Helmuth Cremer; Firouz Gahvari

1998-01-01

480

Community-Driven Homeless Housing  

E-print Network

that are at or below the poverty level. This portion of the population is at risk of becoming homeless becauseCommunity-Driven Homeless Housing Programs: Best Practices Report Prepared for City of Champaign Anne Householder Latonya Jones Maria Kaidas Rebecca Long Huong Phu #12;Homeless Housing Best Practices

Frank, Thomas D.

481

Welcome to the House System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Searching for ways to help students feel more connected to one another and to the school community as a whole, a junior high school implemented the social house approach. Social houses divide students into multiple social units, rather than into separate academic entities. Each unit has its own identity and theme.The different groups mix during…

Green, Daniel G.

2006-01-01

482

25 CFR 170.128 - Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible for IRR Program funding?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...128 Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible... Yes. IRR housing access roads and housing streets on public...rights-of-way are eligible for construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation...may include housing access roads and housing street...

2010-04-01

483

CHEMICAL AND RADIATION LEUKEMOGENESIS IN HUMANS AND RODENTS AND THE VALUE OF RODENT MODELS FOR ASSESSING RISKS OF LYMPHOHEMATOPOIETIC CANCERS  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is intended to provide an up-to-date overview of the lymphoid and hematopoietic diseases induced in humans and rodents following exposure to chemical agents. It includes a brief introduction to hematopoiesis and leukemia-inducing agents and their effects in mice and r...

484

House dust mites in Colorado.  

PubMed

Sixty-four samples of house dust from 16 long-established households in the Denver, Colorado area were analyzed for the presence of house dust mites (Dermatophagoides sp.). No mites were found in house dust from 12 of the sampled houses and small numbers (10 to 40 mites/g of house dust) were found from the other four. In an additional four houses which contained furniture recently imported from other areas, 100 to 360 mites/g of dust were found, and 2 years later up to 200 mites/g were still present. Twenty-eight percent of the mites in repeat collections from the latter homes were alive. The mite allergen content of house dust samples was analyzed by RAST inhibition against pooled sera from mite allergic patients. When dust from four long-established Denver households where no mites were found was employed, there was an average binding of 37.2%; with dust from the four Denver households with low levels of mites and no imported furniture, binding averaged 39.5%. In contrast, with house dust from four "positive control" homes in California and New York there was only 26.1% binding (P less than .005). The results of this study suggest that there are small numbers of nonintroduced house dust mites in some Denver houses, but that they contribute little mite antigen and are probably of minimal clinical significance in mite-sensitive patients. Large numbers of mites can be introduced with furnishings and may persist for at least 2 years. Similar small mite populations might be expected in other areas with comparable relative humidity. PMID:4061975

Moyer, D B; Nelson, H S; Arlian, L G

1985-11-01

485

The housing, geography, and mobility of Latin American urban poor: the prevailing model and the case of Quito, Ecuador.  

PubMed

In this study of the constraints of low-income migrants in securing decent housing in Quito, Ecuador (a rapidly growing city), there is a literature review of Latin American intraurban mobility and housing, the development of a theoretical model, and a bivariate analysis. John Turner's model of the three stages in the life cycle of migrants and the three concentric zones of urbanization provides the initial framework for examining Quito migration. Quito differs from other Third World and Latin American cities in that its origins are pre-Colombian, and physical barriers surround the city. Data were obtained from housing data collected independently in 1990 and 1991 and survey data on households living in 1000 inadequate housing units in 1989. 35.5% of Quito's population live in inadequate housing (poor building materials, poor construction, deterioration, or lack of basic services). Three concentric and elongated zones are constructed based on distance from the center city and periphery and are representative of shelter types (rented rooms, shanty, house, and apartment). Shelter improves with type of ownership status. The attitudes of local officials influences the proportion of the poor living in rental or self-help housing. 36% of Quito's low-income residents live in rented rooms, and 38% live in shanties and houses. Bridgeheaders (new migrants who are usually young single males) tend to live in rented rooms for under five years and to move over time to shanties and then houses. Colonial preservation in central Quito and landlords' incentives for encouraging migrants to stay in rental housing interferes with the third phase of the model. Mixed housing throughout the city fits the third phase. Local laws prevent squatters and self-help housing. Rented rooms are primarily in the central city. Occupant income increases with shifts from rented rooms, to shanties, to houses. Shelter, geographic, and mobility patterns that do not fit the model are identified. Urban circumstance may not be linear and evolutionary as predicted, but the pattern is not diverse enough to warrant abandoning the model. The recommendation is for a flexible model for adapting a universal model to local and global conditions. PMID:12344752

Klak, T; Holtzclaw, M

1993-01-01

486

i:\\staff\\auxs\\auxs_uho\\common\\forms_current\\correspondence\\pet agreement.doc University Housing  

E-print Network

i:\\staff\\auxs\\auxs_uho\\common\\forms_current\\correspondence\\pet agreement.doc University Housing Cat in their rooms based upon the following conditions: A. The student must register his/her pet prior to the animal Signature Date There is a non-refundable $50 pet fee for cats. Upon registration, staff will place a marker

Bertini, Robert L.

487

Indoor Humidity Loads and Moisture Production in Lightweight Timber-frame Detached Houses  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the indoor humidity loads in 101 lightweight timber- frame detached houses occupied by single families have been measured and analyzed. The temperature and relative humidity (RH) are measured at one-hour intervals over one-period in bedrooms, living rooms, and outdoors. Ventilation rates are measured with a passive tracer gas technique. Based on temperature and RH measurements, the difference

TARGO KALAMEES; JUHA VINHA; JAREK KURNITSKI

2010-01-01

488

Dr Emer Smyth, Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin Visiting Scholar, Moray House School of Education  

E-print Network

influence student experience. The Irish system is one of `high stakes' for students, with terminal exam School of Education Friday 11th October 2013, 12.30-2.00pm Room 4/22, 4th Floor, St John's Land Moray House School of Education, Holyrood Campus This seminar draws on a mixed methods longitudinal study

Hall, Christopher

489

Utah Chapter of the American Planning Association 2013 Fall Conference Preview Housing an Aging Population  

E-print Network

wave of older adults resulting from the aging up of the baby boomer population (born between 1946 is the focus of "Making room for mom and dad" and features new home products and home adaptations (Spivak, 2012, private developers, and consumers alike in Utah is confusion about specific housing types, care levels

Tipple, Brett

490

Harvard Forest Thermal Biomass Facility Open House & Dedication January 21, 2014  

E-print Network

Harvard Forest Thermal Biomass Facility Open House & Dedication AGENDA January 21, 2014 9:00am to 12:00pm 9:00-9:10am Welcome and remarks by David Foster (Director, Harvard Forest) Shaler Hall Common Room ­ refreshments available 9:10-9:40am Guided tour of thermal biomass facility, plus Q&A, led

Wolfe, Patrick J.

491

30 Living Accommodations 2007-2008 University of Kentucky Bulletin APPLYING FOR HOUSING  

E-print Network

. Residence halls provide convenient access to laundry facilities, game and television rooms, vending machines be reasonably sure that housing will be available when they enter school the following fall. Many students recipients do not come to school, or come but do not stay, creating vacancies. Roommates Students may request

MacAdam, Keith

492

Hispanic Reading Room: Online Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hispanic Reading Room site from the Library of Congress brings together over a dozen digital collections crafted from primary and secondary source materials related to Luso-Hispanic cultural history. The collections offered on this site include the Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake as well as a collection on Puerto Rico and the Dawn of the Modern Age. This last area contains a small gallery of cartographic items as well as a short essay on national identity. Moving on, the Exhibits and Pictorial Collections contain wonderful visual explorations of the Spanish-American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Of additional note, visitors on the hunt for a specific photograph or hard-to-find item may wish to consult the Reading Room's list of free-lance picture researchers who may be able to search for these items for a small fee.

493

E-commerce Research Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The E-commerce Research Room is yet another excellent resource for electronic commerce news and information. Created by the periodical Web Commerce Today, this site is geared towards those working in the field of e-commerce, providing detailed information about e-tail including a collection of introductory and general articles, book titles and reviews, and e-commerce news. One of the most helpful sections of this site, Examples of Online Retail Store Excellence, contains a partially annotated set of links to some of the most effective e-tail sites on the Web. Unfortunately, a large portion of the E-commerce Research Room is only available to paid subscribers.

494

Viewing Housing Holistically: The Resident-Focused Component of the Housing-Plus Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: It is widely believed that housing affects both residents' social and economic opportunities and the prospects for neighborhood upgrading. Housing plus refers to the public or nonprofit sectors providing affordable housing together with services that support family well-being and community development within subsidized rental housing developments. In this article I consider whether providing housing plus services rather than housing

Rachel G. Bratt

2008-01-01

495

Anesthesia outside the operating room  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The provision of anesthetic services outside the traditional operating room environment is a challenge to both the adaptability\\u000a and sensibility of the anesthesiologist. In an effort to increase the comfort and safety of patients and to assist other physicians,\\u000a we are increasingly asked to provide services for a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. These services are variably\\u000a called “anesthesia”

Steven C. Hall

496

Reforms in housing sector in India: impact on housing development and housing amenities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing sector in India for several decades faced a number of set-backs, such as an unorganized market, development disparities, a compartmentalized development approach and a deterrent rent control system. There was not even a concerted attempt to understand the housing problem let alone promote it. Reforms introduced in the sector during the 1990s, however, have overturned the situation to

M. Mahadeva

2006-01-01

497

Rightmeyer House at Back Bay NWR  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This photo shows the Righmeyer House at Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge, which will be rehabilitated with Recovery Act funding to house the refuge's offices. Related to the R5GA ? Repair Rightmeyer House ? Back Bay NWR project....

2009-07-15

498

'How To' Clean Room Video  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the projects that I am completing this summer is a Launch Services Program intern 'How to' set up a clean room informational video. The purpose of this video is to go along with a clean room kit that can be checked out by employees at the Kennedy Space Center and to be taken to classrooms to help educate students and intrigue them about NASA. The video will include 'how to' set up and operate a clean room at NASA. This is a group project so we will be acting as a team and contributing our own input and ideas. We will include various activities for children in classrooms to complete, while learning and having fun. Activities that we will explain and film include: helping children understand the proper way to wear a bunny suit, a brief background on cleanrooms, and the importance of maintaining the cleanliness of a space craft. This project will be shown to LSP management and co-workers; we will be presenting the video once it is completed.

McCarty, Kaley Corinne

2013-01-01

499

Urinary Lipocalin Protein in a Female Rodent with Correlation to Phases in the Estrous Cycle: An Experimental Study Accompanied by In Silico Analysis  

PubMed Central

Male urinary lipocalin family proteins, practically odorant-binding proteins but also could be pheromones by themselves, in rodents act as a shuttle for chemosignal communication and facilitate delivery of the signals for access to congeners. However, presence of this protein in urine of female rodents has not yet been reported. Therefore, the present investigation was carried out to find if lipocalin family protein is present in the urine of female house rat and, if so, to find whether its expression differs between the phases in the estrous cycle. The rat urinary protein was separated in single dimensional gel electrophoresis. A 14.5 kDa lipocalin protein appeared in the urine prominently during the estrus and metestrus phases compared to proestrus and diestrus phases. The expression of this protein in the urine was very low in ovariectomized rats. MALDI-TOF/MS analysis affirmed the 14.5 kDa protein as a lipocalin family protein. Analysis adopting bio-informatics tools further proved the protein as a lipocalin family member. Thus, this study for the first time demonstrated the presence of a lipocalin family protein in the urine of a female rodent and it was highly expressed during estrus phase. This lipocalin protein in female rat urine may facilitate a chemosignal function independently of a pheromone or in association with a specific pheromone. PMID:23967199

Saibaba, Ganesan; Alagesan, Alagersamy; Rengarajan, Rengasamy Lakhsminarayanan; Archunan, Govindaraju

2013-01-01

500

ProTox: a web server for the in silico prediction of rodent oral toxicity  

PubMed Central

Animal trials are currently the major method for determining the possible toxic effects of drug candidates and cosmetics. In silico prediction methods represent an alternative approach and aim to rationalize the preclinical drug development, thus enabling the reduction of the associated time, costs and animal experiments. Here, we present ProTox, a web server for the prediction of rodent oral toxicity. The prediction method is based on the analysis of the similarity of compounds with known median lethal doses (LD50) and incorporates the identification of toxic fragments, therefore representing a novel approach in toxicity prediction. In addition, the web server includes an indication of possible toxicity targets which is based on an in-house collection of protein–ligand-based pharmacophore models (‘toxicophores’) for targets associated with adverse drug reactions. The ProTox web server is open to all users and can be accessed without registration at: http://tox.charite.de/tox. The only requirement for the prediction is the two-dimensional structure of the input compounds. All ProTox methods have been evaluated based on a diverse external validation set and displayed strong performance (sensitivity, specificity and precision of 76, 95 and 75%, respectively) and superiority over other toxicity prediction tools, indicating their possible applicability for other compound classes. PMID:24838562

Drwal, Malgorzata N.; Banerjee, Priyanka; Dunkel, Mathias; Wettig, Martin R.; Preissner, Robert

2014-01-01