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1

Analysis of environmental sound levels in modern rodent housing rooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Noise in animal housing facilities is an environmental variable that can affect hearing, behavior and physiology in mice. The authors measured sound levels in two rodent housing rooms (room 1 and room 2) during several 24-h periods. Room 1, which was subject to heavy personnel traffic, contained ventilated racks and static cages that housed large numbers of mice. Room 2

Bradford J. May; Ziwei Judy Hao; Julie Watson; Amanda M. Lauer

2009-01-01

2

A Guide to Research Rodent Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND Laboratory rodents have been used in the United States as research animals since the late 1800s. In the past, housing of rodents used for research was designed primarily to prevent escape, to provide easy access to the animals by researchers, to allow the animals ready access to food and water, and to allow efficient dirty bedding removal and cage

William J. White

3

The White House Economic Statistics Briefing Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The White House Web site has made access to current U.S. economic data much easier by establishing the Economic Briefing Room. The power of this site is that it not only offers brief statistics and charts, but that it also links to the agency that is responsible for the data, allowing interested users to obtain much more detailed data when available. The Economic Briefing Room contains current data on income, output, employment, unemployment and earnings, production and business activity, prices, money, credit and securities markets, transportation, and international statistics. The site makes the distinction between agencies that produce particular types of data invisible to the user.

1996-01-01

4

18. FIRST FLOOR, KITCHEN, SOUTH REAR CENTER ROOM OF HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. FIRST FLOOR, KITCHEN, SOUTH REAR CENTER ROOM OF HOUSE, LOOKING IN THE DINING ROOM FROM THE WEST - Armco-Ferro-Mayflower House, 251 Lake Front Drive (moved from Chicago, IL), Beverly Shores, Porter County, IN

5

2. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST SHOWING OIL HOUSE (LEFT), BOILER ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST SHOWING OIL HOUSE (LEFT), BOILER ROOM AND STACK (CENTER), ROOF OF CRANEWAY (BACKGROUND), AND CRATING SHED (RIGHT). - Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park, Ford Assembly Plant, 1400 Harbour Way South, Richmond, Contra Costa County, CA

6

Association of Housing Disrepair Indicators with Cockroach and Rodent Infestations in a Cohort of Pregnant Latina Women and Their Children  

PubMed Central

Health burdens associated with poor housing and indoor pest infestations are likely to affect young children in particular, who spend most of their time indoors at home. We completed environmental assessments in 644 homes of pregnant Latina women and their children living in the Salinas Valley, California. High residential densities were common, with 39% of homes housing > 1.5 persons per room. Housing disrepair was also common: 58% of homes had peeling paint, 43% had mold, 25% had water damage, and 11% had rotting wood. Evidence of cockroaches and rodents was present in 60% and 32% of homes, respectively. Compared with representative national survey data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, homes in our sample were more likely to have rodents, peeling paint, leaks under sinks, and much higher residential densities. The odds of rodent infestations in homes increased in the presence of peeling paint [odds ratio (OR) 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.5–3.1], water damage (OR 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2–2.7), and mold (OR 1.5; 95% CI, 1.0–2.1). The odds of cockroach infestation increased in the presence of peeling paint (OR 3.8; 95% CI, 2.7–5.6), water damage (OR 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2–2.9), or high residential density (OR 2.1; 95% CI, 1.2–3.8). Homes that were less clean than average were more prone to both types of infestations. Pesticides were stored or used in 51% of households, partly to control roach and rodent infestations. These data indicate that adverse housing conditions are common in this community and increase the likelihood of pest infestations and home pesticide use. Interventions to improve housing and promote children’s health and safety in this population are needed.

Bradman, Asa; Chevrier, Jonathan; Tager, Ira; Lipsett, Michael; Sedgwick, Jaqueline; Macher, Janet; Vargas, Ana B.; Cabrera, Elvia B.; Camacho, Jose M.; Weldon, Rosana; Kogut, Katherine; Jewell, Nicholas P.; Eskenazi, Brenda

2005-01-01

7

Corynebacterium bovis: Epizootiologic Features and Environmental Contamination in an Enzootically Infected Rodent Room  

PubMed Central

Corynebacterium bovis is a common pathogen in athymic nude mouse colonies. Control and eradication of the organism are challenging because depopulation and restricted colony access are often not options within vivaria. We evaluated potential sources and dissemination routes of C. bovis in an enzootically infected colony. Immunocompetent mice and personnel were evaluated for their potential to carry C. bovis, and husbandry and sanitation methods were evaluated for their efficacy in preventing cross-contamination. C. bovis was detected in furred immunocompetent mice previously exposed to infected athymic nude mice and in the nasopharynx of humans. Microisolation cages were not effective in maintaining athymic nude mice C. bovis-free when they were housed in a room known to contain immunodeficient mice with C. bovis infections. A tunnel washer that provided a ?180 °F final rinse provided effective elimination of C. bovis from cage components. Passive and active air sampling techniques showed airborne dispersal of C. bovis despite the use of individually ventilated caging systems and stringent operational standards. Bacterial growth was not observed in settle plates placed inside autoclaved individually ventilated microisolation cages on various ventilated racks for 24-h periods. C. bovis aerosolization was shown to be a means of spread of the bacterium during cage-change procedures inside a class II type A2 biosafety cabinet. Our findings indicate that C. bovis can be a pervasive environmental contaminant in infected rodent holding rooms and successful eradication strategies must include environmental decontamination and attention to air quality.

Burr, Holly N; Wolf, Felix R; Lipman, Neil S

2012-01-01

8

13. The River Pump House pump room, in this case ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. The River Pump House pump room, in this case in the 100-F Area in January 1945. In the 100 Area, the pumps supplied water to the 100 Area and to the export water system that ran to D and F reactors and the 200 areas. D-8248 - B Reactor, Richland, Benton County, WA

9

23. INTERIOR VIEW OF NEW FAN HOUSE ENGINE ROOM LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. INTERIOR VIEW OF NEW FAN HOUSE ENGINE ROOM LOOKING EAST The flywheel, shaft, and coupling of the c. 1930 Buffalo Forge Corliss engine are shown. - Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex, South side of Susquehanna River at Route 115 & Riechard Street, Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, PA

10

8. Cloth Room Building/Bleach House of the Monadnock Mills complex. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Cloth Room Building/Bleach House of the Monadnock Mills complex. The Cloth Room structure dates from 1895; the Bleach House, in the background, from 1902. - Monadnock Mills, 15 Water Street, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

11

Arvicoline rodent fauna from the Room 2 Excavation in Cathedral Cave, White Pine County, Nevada, and its biochronologic significance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test-pit excavations from 1989 in Room 2 of Cathedral Cave yielded a diverse faunal assemblage, but age estimates derived from radioisotopic dates and biochronological assessment were widely disparate. New excavations were undertaken in 2003 to increase faunal samples and clarify chronological resolution. Arvicoline rodents recovered from the 2003 excavation include Allophaiomys pliocaenicus, Microtus meadensis, M. paroperarius, Microtus sp., Mictomys meltoni

Christopher N. Jass; Christopher J. Bell

2011-01-01

12

6. View of McKenzieRichey House interior showing living room and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. View of McKenzie-Richey House interior showing living room and bedroom. Note the wallpaper, door trim and lean-to ceiling, facing northwest. - McKenzie Property, House, North Bank of Sailor Gulch, 750 feet northwest of intersection of U.S.F.S. Roads 651 & 349, Placerville, Boise County, ID

13

Effects of the Locations of Curved Areas in the Main Living Rooms of Apartment Housing on User Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of curved areas located in the main rooms of apartment housing on functional and perception-behavioral quality. For this purpose, some apartment houses in Cukurambar and Cigdem districts in Ankara were studied. They were believed to be occupied by upper middle socio-economic status and each of the houses studied had differently

Kemal Yildirim; M. Lütfi Hidayetoglu

14

Investigation of heating systems for a high-ceilinged room in a house  

SciTech Connect

A comparison of the thermal performance of (1) a forced convective heating system, (2) a floor heating system, and (3) combined systems for a high-ceilinged room is presented in this paper. An actual size experimental house (285ft{sub 2} (26.5 m{sub 2})) with a high-ceilinged (17.7 ft (5.4 m)) room was utilized in this analysis. Air temperature distribution in the room was measured experimentally. In addition, distributions of the room air temperature and velocity in the same size room model were computed by a three-dimensional analysis. The computational results were in general agreement with the experimental results. The results of our study show that the thermal comfort of the room was improved by combined forced convective heating with floor heating. Our conclusion is that the most suitable heating system for the high-ceilinged room considered in this paper is a wall-mounted heat pump (heater/air conditioner) in combination with a floor panel heater.

Yamagishi, K.; Kitagawa, K.; Itoh, M.; Matsui, K. (Toshiba Corp. (JP)); Sakabe, Y. (Mitsui Home Co. Ltd. (JP))

1990-01-01

15

Establishment of an operating room committee and a training program to improve aseptic techniques for rodent and large animal surgery.  

PubMed

Investigators of our research facility generally accept the concept of asepsis as an important component of adequate surgical care for animals. However, they experience difficulties putting it into practice, especially in the case of rodents. The reasons for this are inconvenience, cost, and lack of training. To better assist investigators in the implementation of aseptic surgical techniques in their laboratories, we have created an Operating Room (OR) Committee modeled after OR committees found in human hospitals. A reconstructive surgeon, a veterinarian, a research scientist, a nurse involved in the training of OR personnel, interns, graduate students, and an animal health technician were chosen as committee members in light of their OR and animal care expertise. The first task of the OR Committee was to establish institutional guidelines for aseptic surgery, taking into account the costs imposed on research budgets by these procedures. The OR Committee also supports a complete training program in aseptic surgery techniques, which consists of lectures, a training manual, videos, and a practical course. Furthermore, when experimental procedures require specialized equipment, the OR Committee collaborates with researchers to develop strategies to achieve asepsis. This OR Committee and the training program proved to be important tools to promote and improve the quality of animal care during surgery. PMID:17089994

Héon, Hélène; Rousseau, Nathalie; Montgomery, Jane; Beauregard, Gilles; Choiniére, Manon

2006-11-01

16

Sexual selection and the rodent baculum: an intraspecific study in the house mouse ( Mus musculus domesticus )  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid divergence of genitalia is a pervasive trend in animal evolution, thought to be due to the action of sexual selection.\\u000a To test predictions from the sexual selection hypothesis, we here report data on the allometry, variation, plasticity and\\u000a condition dependence of baculum morphology in the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus). We find that that baculum size: (a) exhibits

Steven A. Ramm; Lin Khoo; Paula Stockley

2010-01-01

17

The use of single room occupancy (SRO) housing as a residential alternative for persons with a chronic mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The appropriateness of the use of single room occupancy (SRO) housing for persons with a mental illness is examined, along with the financing and management of SROs, and the provision of mental health services to SRO residents. SROs allow residents personal freedom and privacy, and they offer a sense of community that is capable of meeting a variety of needs.

Donald M. Linhorst

1991-01-01

18

Sexual selection and the rodent baculum: an intraspecific study in the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus).  

PubMed

The rapid divergence of genitalia is a pervasive trend in animal evolution, thought to be due to the action of sexual selection. To test predictions from the sexual selection hypothesis, we here report data on the allometry, variation, plasticity and condition dependence of baculum morphology in the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus). We find that that baculum size: (a) exhibits no consistent pattern of allometric scaling (baculum size being in most cases unrelated to body size), (b) exhibits low to moderate levels of phenotypic variation, (c) does not exhibit phenotypic plasticity in response to differences in perceived levels of sexual competition and (d) exhibits limited evidence of condition dependence. These patterns provide only limited evidence in support of the sexual selection hypothesis, and no consistent support for any particular sexual selection mechanism; however, more direct measures of how genital morphology influences male fertilization success are required. PMID:19597945

Ramm, Steven A; Khoo, Lin; Stockley, Paula

2010-01-01

19

Effects of thermal insulation located in the earth around a semi-underground room; A two-year measurement in a twin-type test house without auxiliary heating  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to obtain fundamental data on the thermal performance of a semi-underground house, a twin-type test house was constructed on a university campus in September 1984. The test house has two rooms with south-facing windows above the ground surface and a corridor between the two rooms. The floor level is 1.3 m below the ground surface. Insulation of 0.1

H. Yoshino; S. Matsumoto; M. Nagatomo; F. Hasegawa

1990-01-01

20

Utility of recycled bedding for laboratory rodents.  

PubMed

Animal facilities generate a large amount of used bedding containing excrement as medical waste. We developed a recycling system for used bedding that involves soft hydrothermal processing. In this study, we examined the effects of bedding type on growth, hematologic and serum biochemical values, and organ weights of female and male mice reared on either recycled or fresh bedding from 3 to 33 wk of age. Neither growth nor physiology differed between mice housed on recycled bedding compared with fresh bedding. When 14-wk-old mice were bred, litter size and total number of weaned pups showed no significant differences between animals raised on recycled or fresh bedding. Because bedding type influences the environment within cages and animal rooms, we evaluated particulate and ammonia data from cages and animal rooms. Values were significantly lower from cages and rooms that used recycled bedding than from those using fresh bedding, thus indicating that recycled bedding has the potential to improve the environment within both cages and animal rooms. Overall, this study revealed that recycled bedding is an excellent material for use in housing laboratory rodents. Specifically, recycled bedding may reduce medical waste and maintain healthy environments within cages and animal rooms. PMID:19653951

Miyamoto, Toru; Li, Zhixia; Kibushi, Tomomi; Okano, Shinya; Yamasaki, Nakamichi; Kasai, Noriyuki

2009-07-01

21

'Got a room for me?' Housing experiences of older adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ottawa.  

PubMed

HIV/AIDS and aging is an important emerging topic with relevance to gerontology. Currently, little is known about the housing experiences of older adults within the context of HIV/AIDS. This article explores the issue and examines interview data concerning the housing experiences of 11 older adults (52 to 67 years old) living with HIV/AIDS in Ottawa, Ontario. Participants' stories revealed concerns relating to three major themes: acceptance into retirement homes and long-term care communities, barriers to accessing subsidized housing services, and homelessness. Participants reported feeling that they lacked recognition and experienced confusion about their future housing prospects. These data suggest that a shift may be occurring in the housing needs of people aging with HIV/AIDS. This emerging population presents challenges to mainstream ideas of aging. We conclude that increased attention is needed in research, policy, and practice to address housing issues among this age group of people living with HIV/AIDS. PMID:22340361

Furlotte, Charles; Schwartz, Karen; Koornstra, Jay J; Naster, Richard

2012-02-17

22

Microevolution in island rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We perform a meta-analysis on morphological data from four island rodent populations exhibiting microevolution (>˜?100 years). Data consisting of incidences of skeletal variants, cranial, and external measurements are from house mice (Mus musculus) on one Welsh and one Scottish island, black rats (Rattus rattus) on two Galapagos islands, and deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) on three California Channel islands. We report

Oliver R. W. Pergams; Mary V. Ashley

2001-01-01

23

Rodent Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies for rodent control in crop fields, threshing yards, and rural residential areas are presented together with an operational plan for implementing a program for rodent control at the national level. Training personnel in rodent control procedures and procedures for educating the public in the necessity for control are covered. (EC)

Indian Journal of Adult Education, 1975

1975-01-01

24

Integrating A3 Reports and the House of Quality: Improving Workflow in the Recovery Room Using Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we provide a methodology for integrating the House of Quality (HOQ), a process tool, with Toyota A3 reports to effectively identify the priorities and root causes of poor efficiency in a Post Anesthesia Care Unit's (PACU) workflow. The A3 report allowed us to identify the workflow waste, and the HOQ helped us to identify and prioritize the

Mu-hsing Kuo; Elizabeth M. Borycki; André Kushniruk; Te-shu Lee

2009-01-01

25

Microevolution in island rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We perform a meta-analysis on morphological data from four island rodent populations exhibiting microevolution (house mice (Mus musculus) on one Welsh and one Scottish island, black rats (Rattus rattus) on two Galapagos islands, and deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) on three California Channel islands. We

Oliver R. W. Pergams; Mary V. Ashley

26

View from ell sitting room to drawing room (left) and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View from ell sitting room to drawing room (left) and dining room (right). Note entry hall and first library in left background. - Hill-Stead, Pope-Riddle House Complex, 35 Mountain Road, Farmington, Hartford County, CT

27

Integrating A3 reports and the House of Quality: improving workflow in the recovery room using information technology.  

PubMed

In this paper, we provide a methodology for integrating the House of Quality (HOQ), a process tool, with Toyota A3 reports to effectively identify the priorities and root causes of poor efficiency in a Post Anesthesia Care Unit's (PACU) workflow. The A3 report allowed us to identify the workflow waste, and the HOQ helped us to identify and prioritize the critical root causes of poor workflow that could be improved by technology. PMID:19745345

Kuo, Mu-Hsing; Borycki, Elizabeth M; Kushniruk, Andre W; Lee, Te-Shu

2009-01-01

28

Effects of Laboratory Housing on Exploratory Behaviour, Novelty Discrimination and Spatial Reference Memory in a Subterranean, Solitary Rodent, the Cape Mole-Rat (Georychus capensis).  

PubMed

A large number of laboratory and field based studies are being carried out on mole-rats, both in our research group and others. Several studies have highlighted the development of adverse behaviours in laboratory animals and have emphasised the importance of enrichment for captive animals. Hence we were interested in evaluating how laboratory housing would affect behavioural performance in mole-rats. We investigated exploratory behaviour, the ability to discriminate between novel and familiar environments and reference memory in the solitary Cape mole-rat (Georychuscapensis). Our data showed that both wild and captive animals readily explore open spaces and tunnels. Wild animals were however more active than their captive counterparts. In the Y maze two trial discrimination task, wild animals failed to discriminate between novel and familiar environments, while laboratory housed mole-rats showed preferential spatial discrimination in terms of the length of time spent in the novel arm. The performance of the laboratory and wild animals were similar when tested for reference memory in the Y maze, both groups showed a significant improvement compared to the first day, from the 3rd day onwards. Wild animals made more mistakes whereas laboratory animals were slower in completing the task. The difference in performance between wild and laboratory animals in the Y-maze may be as a result of the lower activity of the laboratory animals. Laboratory maintained Cape mole-rats show classic behaviours resulting from a lack of stimulation such as reduced activity and increased aggression. However, they do display an improved novelty discrimination compared to the wild animals. Slower locomotion rate of the laboratory animals may increase the integration time of stimuli, hence result in a more thorough inspection of the surroundings. Unlike the captive animals, wild animals show flexibility in their responses to unpredictable events, which is an important requirement under natural living conditions. PMID:24040422

Oosthuizen, Maria Kathleen; Scheibler, Anne-Gita; Charles Bennett, Nigel; Amrein, Irmgard

2013-09-11

29

Rodent repellency  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the course of studies involving more than 2,500 chemical repellents, it has been found that certain groups of- compounds containing nitrogen or sulfur are repellent to rats under the , test conditions and it appears probable that some of these compounds might be used for the protection of packaged goods against rodent attacks. Additional tests to determine optimum methods of application will be necessary before final evaluation of these compounds will be possible and extensive field trials will be required to establish the degree of protection which may be afforded by the use of these materials. Pending such final evaluation, it may be assumed that the results,to date offer a means of selecting the most promising types of'materials for further trial....On the basis of the test data, it appears that some amine derivative, such as a salt of some organic, acid, or a complex with trinitrobenzene or with a metallic salt of a dialkyl dithiocarbamic acid might offer promise of protection of packaging materials against rodent attacks....Protection might be obtained through the use of certain 'physical deterrents' such as plastics, waxes or drying oils.

DeWitt, J.B.; Welch, J.F.; Bellack, E.

1950-01-01

30

Leptospira and Rodents in Cambodia: Environmental Determinants of Infection  

PubMed Central

We investigated infection of rodents and shrews by Leptospira spp. in two localities of Cambodia (Veal Renh, Kaev Seima) and in four types of habitat (forests, non-flooded lands, lowland rain-fed paddy fields, houses) during the wet and the dry seasons. Habitat preference was common, and rodent and shrew species were found only in houses or in rain-fed paddy fields or in forests. Among 649 small mammals trapped belonging to 12 rodent species and 1 shrew species, 71 of 642 animals tested were carriers of Leptospira according to the 16S ribosomal RNA marker used. Rodent infection was higher in low-slope locations, corresponding to rain-fed paddy fields, especially in the rainy season and in Kaev Seima. Rodents (Rattus exulans) and shrews (Suncus murinus) inhabiting households showed significantly low levels of infections, whereas rodents living in and near to forests (shrubby wasteland, orchards) showed high levels of infection.

Ivanova, Svilena; Herbreteau, Vincent; Blasdell, Kim; Chaval, Yannick; Buchy, Philippe; Guillard, Bertrand; Morand, Serge

2012-01-01

31

The Service System's Hidden Places: Adult Homes and Room and Board Homes Housing People with Developmental Disability and Psychiatric Labels in Onondaga County. Final Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes adult homes and room and board homes serving persons with disabilities in Onondaga County, New York. Visits were made to eight adult homes and five room and board homes. Briefly considered are ownership and licensing regulations, referrals, and admission criteria. Observations at the homes are offered. Concerns are raised about…

Racino, Julie Ann; And Others

32

One Room Schools in Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue focuses on one-room school houses in Iowa. At one time, almost 14,000 one-room schools dotted Iowa's rural landscape. Articles explore Native American schools of the past and present, segregation of black students, and Amish schools. An article remembering one-room schools describes the early schools from 1830 to 1858, township schools…

Ruth, Amy, Ed.

1994-01-01

33

One Room Schools in Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on one-room school houses in Iowa. At one time, almost 14,000 one-room schools dotted Iowa's rural landscape. Articles explore Native American schools of the past and present, segregation of black students, and Amish schools. An article remembering one-room schools describes the early schools from 1830 to 1858, township schools…

Ruth, Amy, Ed.

1994-01-01

34

1. View south, metal shed (at left) and tool room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. View south, metal shed (at left) and tool room shed (WV-268-C)) (at right), in front of wash house (WV-268-D) - 3240 Cyrus Road, Tool Room Shed, About 25 feet directly behind house, Cyrus, Wayne County, WV

35

Rodents And Other Gnawers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information about rodents and lagomorphs, including definitions and the characteristics of these animals. Contains teaching activities such as "Habitats for Hoppers,""Cartoon Gnawers," and "The Great Rodent Expedition." Reproducible handouts for two of the activities are provided. (TW)

Naturescope, 1986

1986-01-01

36

33. ROOM A (WEST ROOM) LOOKING SOUTHWEST. The windows above ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. ROOM A (WEST ROOM) LOOKING SOUTHWEST. The windows above the original Ministers' Gallery were raised in 1888 when inside toilet facilities were added on the other side of the west wall. Note the sloped window sills which provided more light. Also at the rear of the Meeting House a caretaker's apartment was added in 1908. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

37

A dynamic model of housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the structure and accuracy of a model depicting the housing sector of the United States as a linear dynamic system. An aggregate model is used to demonstrate the linear system approach and reconstruct the demand for housing. A disaggregated model, providing the rate of production and level of occupied housing units stratified by the number of rooms,

ALEX NAUDA; MARLIN H. MICKLE; WILLIAM G. VOGT

1980-01-01

38

29. FIRST FLOOR, SOUTHWEST ROOM: DOUBLE DOOR CASE LOOKING EAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. FIRST FLOOR, SOUTHWEST ROOM: DOUBLE DOOR CASE LOOKING EAST INTO SOUTHEAST ROOM. This case is typical for all double doors and triple windows in southeast and southwest rooms - Robinson-Aiken House, 48 Elizabeth Street, Charleston, Charleston County, SC

39

INTERIOR VIEW OF LIVING ROOM AND DINING ROOM. VIEW FACING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF LIVING ROOM AND DINING ROOM. VIEW FACING SOUTHWEST - CAMP H.M. SMITH AND NAVY PUBLIC WORKS CENTER MANANA TITLE VII (CAPEHART) HOUSING, M-SHAPED FOUR-BEDROOM DUPLEX TYPE 5, Birch Circle, Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

40

31. ROOM A (WEST ROOM), SOUTH SIDE, LOOKING EAST. The ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. ROOM A (WEST ROOM), SOUTH SIDE, LOOKING EAST. The two benches in the foreground were constructed with rose head hand wrought nails and are therefore likely to have come from the 1755 Greater Meeting House, which stood at Second and Market Streets until 1812. Similar benches are to be found at the Arch Street Meeting House. The light buff brick fireplace at left was added in 1892 along with the overdoor paneling - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

41

30. ROOM A (WEST ROOM), SOUTHEAST CORNER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. The ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. ROOM A (WEST ROOM), SOUTHEAST CORNER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. The south exterior doors are at right. Note the door closer pulley and weight box still in place. The doorway at left leads to the Main Meeting Room. The overdoor paneling probably was added c.1892. Note the capped gas pipe to the right of the exterior doors. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

42

Environmental Enrichment of Laboratory Rodents: The Answer Depends on the Question.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Efforts to refine the care and use of animals in research have been ongoing for many years and have led to general standardization of rodent models, particularly with regard to animal housing, genetics, and health status. Concurrently, numerous informal p...

K. Kregel L. Leon L. A. Toth T. I. Musch

2011-01-01

43

5. INTERIOR VIEW OF UPPER LEVEL ROOM OF THE CONTROL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. INTERIOR VIEW OF UPPER LEVEL ROOM OF THE CONTROL HOUSE LOCATED ON THE SOUTH END OF BIG TUJUNGA DAM SHOWING THE CONTROL PANEL. - Big Tujunga Dam, Control House, 809 West Big Tujunga Road, Sunland, Los Angeles County, CA

44

12. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM, SNOWING LOW CABINET TEAT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM, SNOWING LOW CABINET TEAT HOUSES HYDRAULIC CYLINDER AND CLOSET AT LEFT THAT HOUSES OPERATING VALVE, LOOKING NORTHEAST - 72 Marlborough Street, Residential Hydraulic Elevator, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

45

Rodents and Leptospira transmission risk in Terceira island (Azores)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of rodents as Leptospira renal carriers in Terceira island was evaluated (1993–1995) through kidney culture and serology [microscopic aglutination test (MAT)] of 94 mice and rats. Fifty-nine animals were positive (n = 41 by serology + culturing; n = 11 serology; n = 7 culturing), presenting a wide distribution in man-made and natural areas. House mice had the

M. Collares-Pereira; M. L. Mathias; M. Santos-Reis; M. G. Ramalhinho; P. Duarte-Rodrigues

2000-01-01

46

Central firstfloor room of northwest wing, looking through entry to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Central first-floor room of northwest wing, looking through entry to northwestern room. note crack in ceiling showing location of summer beam. - Scheetz Farm, House, 7161 Camp Hill Road, Fort Washington, Montgomery County, PA

47

3. GENERAL VIEW OF BOILER ROOM, LOOKING NORTH; CONTROL PANEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. GENERAL VIEW OF BOILER ROOM, LOOKING NORTH; CONTROL PANEL AT CENTER; BOXLIKE, RIVETED HOUSING AT TOP CENTER CONTAINED AUGER FOR COAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM - Rath Packing Company, Boiler Room, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

48

INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING THE THREE OPENINGS BETWEEN THE FAMILY ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING THE THREE OPENINGS BETWEEN THE FAMILY ROOM AND THE LANAI. NOTE THE ORIGINAL VENTED EAVES AT THE FAMILY ROOM. VIEW FACING WEST. - Hickam Field, Officers' Housing Type F, 602 Beard Avenue , Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

49

7. VIEW OF CONNECTING WALL BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VIEW OF CONNECTING WALL BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS OF SECOND FLOOR, SHOWING SIMPLE GREEK REVIVAL MANTLE. LOOKING WEST; TAKEN FROM FRONT ROOM. - Manlius Thomas House, 125 North Mulberry Street, Georgetown, Scott County, KY

50

Social biology of rodents.  

PubMed

Herein, I summarize some basic components of rodent social biology. The material in this paper is summarized and condensed from a recent book "Rodent Societies: An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective" edited by J. O. Wolff and P. W. Sherman (2007). I describe the four basic spacing patterns and illustrate how female territoriality is a function of offspring defense and male mating tactics are a function of female defensibility. The vulnerability of young to infanticide shapes female spacing and mating behavior. Food does not appear to be a defensible resource for rodents, except for those species that larder hoard nonperishable items such as seeds. Philopatry and the formation of kin groups result in genetic sub-structuring of the population, which in turn affects effective population size and genetic diversity. Dispersal is male biased and typically involves emigration from the maternal site to avoid female relatives and to seek unrelated mates. Scent marking is a major form of communication and is used in reproductive competition and to assess prospective mates, but it is also eavesdropped by predators to locate prey. Females do not appear to alter the sex ratio of litters in response to maternal condition but among arvicoline rodents daughters appear to be favored in spring and sons in autumn. Rodents are relatively monomorphic; however, females tend to be larger than males in the smallest species and smaller in the larger species. Predation risk results from an interaction among foraging time and vulnerability and in turn affects behavioral and life history characteristics. PMID:21396036

Wolff, Jerry O

2007-12-01

51

TECHNIQUES IN ASEPTIC RODENT SURGERY  

PubMed Central

Performing aseptic survival surgery in rodents can be challenging. This unit describes some basic principles to assist clinicians, researchers, and technicians in becoming proficient in performing aseptic rodent surgery.

Hoogstraten-Miller, Shelley L.; Brown, Patricia A.

2008-01-01

52

Invasive Rodent Eradication on Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Invasive mammals are the greatest threat to island biodiversity and invasive rodents are likely responsible for the greatest number of extinctions and ecosystem changes. Techniques for eradicating rodents from islands were developed over 2 decades ago. Since that time there has been a significant development and application of this conservation tool. We reviewed the literature on invasive rodent eradications to

GREGG HOWALD; C. JOSH DONLAN; JUAN PABLO GALVÁN; JAMES C. RUSSELL; JOHN PARKES; ARACELI SAMANIEGO; YIWEI WANG; DICK VEITCH; PIERO GENOVESI; MICHEL PASCAL; ALAN SAUNDERS; BERNIE TERSHY

2007-01-01

53

Handheld digital equipment for weight composite distress paradigms: new considerations and for rapid documentation and intervention of rodent populations.  

PubMed

Animal care in the third millennium will require a melding of scientific and humane interests to achieve optimal care of genetically engineered mice and to expedite scientific and medical advances by using these mammals. Undoubtedly, rodent patients present certain difficulties for those who wish to assess their daily well-being and to contribute to efficient and successful scientific discovery. High-density housing, large experimental groups, and low-lux room lighting makes the application of large-animal care standards to rodents seem daunting to researchers and veterinary care programs. In addition, great variability in training and experience among those responsible for the direct application of humane care to rodents exists. Most of the direct animal care in small animal facilities occurs in decentralized locales by personnel who have completed obligatory but relatively minimal animal care training. Examples of personnel in this category include postdoctoral fellows, junior-level scientists, summer students, and assistant laboratory animal technologists. Some programs even use the husbandry staff to perform health checks of high-risk populations on a daily basis. For this reason, the extrapolation of performance-based intervention in rodent care is difficult to apply practically. Early efforts to enhance humane outcome in rodents have been published by scientists and veterinarians and are largely directed at singular endpoints, such as weight loss and declining temperatures, in specific models. Scientists often are reluctant to accept such standards because of concern about premature intervention or variability between scorers and to reservations regarding a lack of procedural likeness with their proposed study. This paper highlights a digital method for melding current advanced animal scoring standards using palm pilot user-friendly methods that account for composite weight scoring, behavioral or physiologic attributes, and interventions. Information is rapidly downloaded and results in quick storage of large rodent population monitoring. This minimizes interpretative variability between caregivers and greater standardization of procedures. These considerations facilitate the rapid diagnosis of outliers and make possible intervention that streamlines the delivery of humane care to large experimental populations. PMID:11451389

Hampshire, V

2001-07-01

54

This Old House: Painting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Old House has put together a well-organized set of articles regarding interior painting. On the site you will find guides to help you do something as straightforward as painting a room or something more difficult - choosing the right colors for rooms. Also available on the website is a multimedia section that contains videos ranging from repairing peeling paint to stripping stubborn wallpaper as well as photo galleries of interior projects. Finally, if you still can't find an answer to your question, there is a community painting forum where you can ask questions and get answers from seasoned pros and novice home painters alike.

2006-11-03

55

Rodent models of glaucoma  

PubMed Central

Glaucoma is a progressive, age-related optic neuropathy and a leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Animal models of glaucoma are essential to our continued efforts of elucidating the natural course of the disease and to developing therapeutic interventions to halt or reverse the progression of the condition. Over the past 10–15 years, rodents have become a popular model organism in which to study glaucoma, because of their high degree of availability, relatively low cost, short life-span, and amenability to experimental and genetic manipulation. In this review, we examine the numerous in vivo and in vitro rodent models of glaucoma, discuss the methods used to generate them, summarize some of the major findings obtained in these models, and identify individual strengths and weaknesses for the various systems.

Johnson, Thomas V.; Tomarev, Stanislav I.

2010-01-01

56

Microdialysis in Rodents  

PubMed Central

Microdialysis is an in vivo sampling technique that permits the quantification of various substances (e.g., neurotransmitters, peptides, electrolytes) in blood and tissue. It is also used to infuse substances into the brain and spinal cord. This unit describes methods for the construction and stereotaxic implantation of microdialysis probes into discrete brain regions of the rat and mouse. Procedures for the conduct of conventional and quantitative microdialysis experiments in the awake and anesthetized rodent are also provided.

Zapata, Agustin; Chefer, Vladimir I.; Shippenberg, Toni S.

2010-01-01

57

Geomagnetic field detection in rodents  

SciTech Connect

In addition to behavioral evidence for the detection of earth-strength magnetic fields (MF) by rodents, recent investigations have revealed that electrophysiological and biochemical responses to MF occur in the pineal organ and retina of rodents. In addition, ferrimagnetic deposits have been identified in the ethmoidal regions of the rodent skull. These findings point to a new sensory phenomenon, which interfaces with many fields of biology, including neuroscience, psychophysics, behavioral ecology, chronobiology and sensory physiology.

Olcese, J.; Reuss, S.; Semm, P.

1988-01-01

58

Mass Airflow Cabinet for Control of Airborne Infection of Laboratory Rodents  

PubMed Central

A mass airflow cabinet for handling and housing of laboratory rodents has been developed and tested. The unit consists of a high-efficiency particulate air filter and uniform distribution of air at a vertical velocity of 19 cm per s. Animals are maintained without bedding in mesh-bottomed cages that rest on rollers for rotation inside the cabinet. There is an air barrier of 90 cm per s separating the cabinet air from room air. Sampling for airborne bacteria yielded an average of 0.03 colony-forming units (CFU) per ft3 of air inside the cabinet, whereas 28.8 CFU per ft3 was simultaneously detected outside the cabinet during housekeeping, a reduction of almost three logs. The efficiency of the air barrier was tested by aerosolization of T3 phage. When phage was aerosolized 5 cm outside the cabinet, no phage could be detected 5 cm inside when the fans were operating; with the fans off an average of 1.6 × 104 plaque-forming units (PFU) per ft3 was detected in six tests. Aerosolization of phage inside the cabinet yielded an average of 9 × 10 PFU per ft3 outside; an average of 4.1 × 106 PFU per ft3 were detected with the fans not in operation, a reduction of more than four logs. In-use studies on effectiveness showed that the cabinet significantly reduced the incidence of mice originally titer-free to Reo-3 virus. Hemagglutination inhibition antibodies to Reo-3 were detected in 9/22 (42%) mice housed in a conventionally ventilated animal laboratory while no seroconversion was detected in any of 22 mice housed in the mass air flow cabinet in the same laboratory. Images

McGarrity, Gerard J.; Coriell, Lewis L.

1973-01-01

59

43. TRACES OF ORIGINAL PARTITIONS AT JUNCTURE OF FRONT ROOM, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

43. TRACES OF ORIGINAL PARTITIONS AT JUNCTURE OF FRONT ROOM, REAR ROOM AND HALL, SECOND FLOOR. ALSO SHOWS ORIGINAL STUCCO CORNICE OF FRONT AND REAR ROOMS (LEFT) AND HALL (RIGHT) - Kid-Chandler House, 323 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

60

The Role of Pheromonal Responses in Rodent Behavior: Future Directions for the Development of Laboratory Protocols  

PubMed Central

Pheromones—chemical signals that can elicit responses in a conspecific—are important in intraspecies communication. Information conveyed by pheromones includes the location of an animal, the presence of food or a threat, sexual attraction, courtship, and dam–pup interactions. These chemical messages remain intact and volatile even when animals, such as rodents, are housed in laboratories rather than their natural environment. Laboratory protocols, such as the cage cleaning and sanitation processes, as well as general housing conditions can alter a rodent's normal production of pheromones in both amount and type and thus may affect behavior. In addition, some procedures induce the release of alarm pheromones that subsequently alter the behavior of other rodents. To prevent pheromonal interference and stress-induced pheromonal release in their research subjects, experimenters should assess current laboratory protocols regarding cage cleaning processes, housing designs, and behavioral assays. Here we discuss how the most commonly used laboratory procedures can alter pheromonal signaling and cause confounding effects.

Bind, Rebecca H; Minney, Sarah M; Rosenfeld, SaraJane; Hallock, Robert M

2013-01-01

61

Rodents on pig and chicken farms - a potential threat to human and animal health  

PubMed Central

Rodents can cause major problems through spreading various diseases to animals and humans. The two main species of rodents most commonly found on farms around the world are the house mouse (Mus musculus) and the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus). Both species are omnivorous and can breed year-round under favourable conditions. This review describes the occurrence of pathogens in rodents on specialist pig and chicken farms, which are usually closed units with a high level of bio-security. However, wild rodents may be difficult to exclude completely, even from these sites, and can pose a risk of introducing and spreading pathogens. This article reviews current knowledge regarding rodents as a hazard for spreading disease on farms. Most literature available regards zoonotic pathogens, while the literature regarding pathogens that cause disease in farm animals is more limited.

Backhans, Annette; Fellstrom, Claes

2012-01-01

62

Determinants of house prices in Istanbul: a quantile regression approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses quantile regression methods where a hedonic equation is estimated for each quantile of the conditional distribution\\u000a of housing prices. The survey data are used to investigate the relationship between house prices and housing characteristics\\u000a in Istanbul. This data set includes some housing characteristics of the dwellings like numbers of room, bathroom, heating\\u000a system, location of house etc.

Ça?layan Ebru; Arikan Eban

2011-01-01

63

The Emergence of Gender-Neutral Housing on American University Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|American college housing is beginning to introduce gender-neutral housing, or the housing of students in the same room regardless of gender. This study provides a descriptive overview of gender-neutral housing from 148 universities and documents central areas of debate in current policy discussions. Information regarding gender-neutral housing…

Willoughby, Brian J.; Larsen, Jeffrey K.; Carroll, Jason S.

2012-01-01

64

Rodent carcinogens: Setting priorities  

SciTech Connect

The human diet contains an enormous background of natural chemicals, such as plant pesticides and the products of cooking, that have not been a focus of carcinogenicity testing. A broadened perspective that includes these natural chemicals is necessary. A comparison of possible hazards for 80 daily exposures to rodent carcinogens from a variety of sources is presented, using an index (HERP) that relates human exposure to carcinogenic potency in rodents. A similar ordering would be expected with the use of standard risk assessment methodology for the same human exposure values. Results indicate that, when viewed against the large background of naturally occurring carcinogens in typical portions of common foods, the residues of synthetic pesticides or environmental pollutants rank low. A similar result is obtained in a separate comparison of 32 average daily exposures to natural pesticides and synthetic pesticides residues in the diet. Although the findings do not indicate that these natural dietary carcinogens are important in human cancer, they cast doubt on the relative importance for human cancer of low-dose exposures to synthetic chemicals.

Gold, L.S.; Slone, T.H.; Stern, B.R.; Manley, N.B.; Ames, B.N. (Lawrence Berkeley lab., CA (United States))

1992-10-09

65

Rodent carcinogens: setting priorities.  

PubMed

The human diet contains an enormous background of natural chemicals, such as plant pesticides and the products of cooking, that have not been a focus of carcinogenicity testing. A broadened perspective that includes these natural chemicals is necessary. A comparison of possible hazards for 80 daily exposures to rodent carcinogens from a variety of sources is presented, using an index (HERP) that relates human exposure to carcinogenic potency in rodents. A similar ordering would be expected with the use of standard risk assessment methodology for the same human exposure values. Results indicate that, when viewed against the large background of naturally occurring carcinogens in typical portions of common foods, the residues of synthetic pesticides or environmental pollutants rank low. A similar result is obtained in a separate comparison of 32 average daily exposures to natural pesticides and synthetic pesticide residues in the diet. Although the findings do not indicate that these natural dietary carcinogens are important in human cancer, they cast doubt on the relative importance for human cancer of low-dose exposures to synthetic chemicals. PMID:1411524

Gold, L S; Slone, T H; Stern, B R; Manley, N B; Ames, B N

1992-10-01

66

Introduction to Rodent Cardiac Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imaging is a noninvasive complement to traditional meth- ods (such as histology) in rodent cardiac studies. Assess- ments of structure and function are possible with ultrasound, microcomputed tomography (microCT), and magnetic reso- nance (MR) imaging. Cardiac imaging in the rodent poses a challenge because of the size of the animal and its rapid heart rate. Each aspect in the process

Kennita Johnson

2008-01-01

67

Passive cooling of a wood frame house  

Microsoft Academic Search

A two-storey wood frame house for the experimental study of hybrid residential ventilation was built in the campus of the Brno University of Technology in 2003. The house is fitted with a demand controlled hybrid ventilation system assisted with solar chimneys. De- mand control of the system is based on the monitoring of carbon dioxide concentrations in rooms. There is

P. Charvat; J. Stetina

68

Housing Preferences among Adults with Dual Diagnoses in Different Stages of Treatment and Housing Types  

PubMed Central

Housing is an essential component of psychiatric rehabilitation, particularly for consumers with dual diagnoses. Research has not clearly examined why and when consumers prefer different types of housing. This exploratory study examined 1) whether housing preferences differ between stage of treatment for substance abuse, 2) whether consumers who prefer certain housing types have preferences for certain characteristics, and 3) whether consumers living in different types of housing report differences in social support, choice, and housing satisfaction. A total of 103 participants living in supervised housing (n= 65), independent apartment housing (n= 22), single room occupancy hotels (n= 11), and with family (n= 5) completed self-report questionnaires. Results showed that 1) the majority of participants preferred their own apartment or house across different stages of treatment, 2) preference for supervised housing was associated with on-site staff and peer support while preference for apartment housing was associated with autonomy and privacy, and 3) consumers in single room occupancies reported the least choice and lowest satisfaction. These findings contribute to the understanding of consumers’ housing preferences and the differences consumers perceive between certain housing types.

Tsai, Jack; Bond, Gary R.; Davis, Kristin E.

2010-01-01

69

Housing '70.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report was prepared by the Ada Development Council under a comprehensive planning grant from the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, to meet the following needs: To provide a profile of the housing market in Ada County and to identify c...

1970-01-01

70

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.|

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

71

Battery housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present invention comprises a battery housing suitable for holding a battery which may generate a dangerously high level of internal pressure. The housing includes a receptacle having a vent passage covered by a rupture disc, the rupture disc in turn covered by a diffuser head having a longitudinal bore therein extending from the rupture disc to a blind end,

1985-01-01

72

Solar House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students work in teams to design and build a model of a solar house after researching several websites. Students will discover that a solar house takes advantage of solar energy to minimize the use of traditional energy sources and can include design elements that take advantage of the sun's rays to light and heat the house, to heat water, and to set up a favorable flow of air. They also learn that many solar houses contain a solar mass that will absorb the heat during the day and release it slowly at night and a passive solar house will also take into account the angle of the sun's rays, to maximize heating during the winter and shade during the summer. This site contains all of the specifications for planning, building, and testing the model and a rubric for grading the project.

Van Norden, Wendy

73

9. EXTERIOR VIEW OF BALTIMORE FAN HOUSE LOOKING NORTHEAST The ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. EXTERIOR VIEW OF BALTIMORE FAN HOUSE LOOKING NORTHEAST The brick and concrete construction of the engine room, airways, and chimney are evident. The shaft housing and flywheel of the Allis- Chalmers Corliss steam engine are visible through the window of the engine room. - Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex, South side of Susquehanna River at Route 115 & Riechard Street, Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, PA

74

First National Survey of Lead and Allergens in Housing: survey design and methods for the allergen and endotoxin components.  

PubMed Central

From July 1998 to August 1999, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences conducted the first National Survey of Lead and Allergens in Housing. The purpose of the survey was to assess children's potential household exposure to lead, allergens, and bacterial endotoxins. We surveyed a sample of 831 homes, representing 96 million permanently occupied, noninstitutional housing units that permit resident children. We administered questionnaires to household members, made home observations, and took environmental samples. This article provides general background information on the survey, an overview of the survey design, and a description of the data collection and laboratory methods pertaining to the allergen and endotoxin components. We collected dust samples from a bed, the bedroom floor, a sofa or chair, the living room floor, the kitchen floor, and a basement floor and analyzed them for cockroach allergen Bla g 1, the dust mite allergens Der f 1 and Der p 1, the cat allergen Fel d 1, the dog allergen Can f 1, the rodent allergens Rat n 1 and mouse urinary protein, allergens of the fungus Alternaria alternata, and endotoxin. This article provides the essential context for subsequent reports that will describe the prevalence of allergens and endotoxin in U.S. households, their distribution by various housing characteristics, and their associations with allergic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis.

Vojta, Patrick J; Friedman, Warren; Marker, David A; Clickner, Robert; Rogers, John W; Viet, Susan M; Muilenberg, Michael L; Thorne, Peter S; Arbes, Samuel J; Zeldin, Darryl C

2002-01-01

75

4. View of Clovelley Farm tenant house, back side (east) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. View of Clovelley Farm tenant house, back side (east) area of two room addition. Note dark metal heating oil tank against rear wall and silver maple trees to shade house from south and east. - Clovelley Farm Tenant House, 4958 Paris Road (east side), Paris, Bourbon County, KY

76

OBVERSE VIEW OF TN24911, LOOKING BACK FROM THE NORTHEAST ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

OBVERSE VIEW OF TN-249-11, LOOKING BACK FROM THE NORTHEAST ROOM TO THE STAIR HALL. THE DOOR TO THE NORTH (DINING) ROOM LIES AS LEFT - Hilderbrand House, 4571 Airways Boulevard, Memphis, Shelby County, TN

77

Blood glucose concentration in caviomorph rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hystricomorph rodents are a group of species that belong to the suborder Hystricognathi. They mainly inhabit South American (caviomorph) and African (phiomorph) habitats. This group of rodents has a divergent insulin structure. For example, insulin in this group of rodents exhibits only 1–10% of biological activity in comparison to other mammals. Therefore, hystricomorph rodents may hypothetically be unable to regulate

Juan C. Opazo; Mauricio Soto-Gamboa; Francisco Bozinovic

2004-01-01

78

6. NORTHWEST INTERIOR VIEW IN SOUTHEAST ROOM WITH SINK AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. NORTHWEST INTERIOR VIEW IN SOUTHEAST ROOM WITH SINK AND WORK STATION - Juniata Mill Complex, Camp Bunk House, 22.5 miles Southwest of Hawthorne, between Aurora Crater & Aurora Peak, Hawthorne, Mineral County, NV

79

Southeast upstairs room of northwest wing showing southeast masonry wall ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Southeast upstairs room of northwest wing showing southeast masonry wall shared with Federal addition. note angled cracks showing original 1 1/2 story gable. - Scheetz Farm, House, 7161 Camp Hill Road, Fort Washington, Montgomery County, PA

80

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE FAMILY ROOM. NOTE THE DOOR TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE FAMILY ROOM. NOTE THE DOOR TO THE SERVICE PORCH AT THE LEFT, FORMERLY THE REAR ENTRY DOOR. VIEW FACING SOUTH. - Hickam Field, NCO Housing Type 7, 210 Eleventh Street , Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

81

71. FIRST FLOOR, ROOM 101, ENTRANCE HALL (SIDE WITH FIRE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

71. FIRST FLOOR, ROOM 101, ENTRANCE HALL (SIDE WITH FIRE DETECTOR), ARCHWAY TO STAIR HALL 100, LOOKING UP, DETAIL OF ARCHWAY SOFFIT. - Octagon House, 1799 (1741) New York Avenue, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

82

28. INTERIOR OF UTILITY ROOM SHOWING STORAGE CLOSET AT PHOTO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. INTERIOR OF UTILITY ROOM SHOWING STORAGE CLOSET AT PHOTO CENTER LEFT AND HOT WATER HEATER CLOSET AT PHOTO CENTER RIGHT. VIEW TO EAST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 6, Cashbaugh-Kilpatrick House, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

83

32. SECOND FLOOR CENTER HALL ROOM: GLAZED ARCH PARTITION TAKEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. SECOND FLOOR CENTER HALL ROOM: GLAZED ARCH PARTITION TAKEN FROM UNDER THIS DIVIDING ARCH AND INSTALLED IN FIRST FLOOR HALL (see Photo SC-101-15). - Governor Thomas Bennett House, 1 Lucas Street, Charleston, Charleston County, SC

84

VIEW OF THE BOILER ROOM WITH STACK TO THE LEFT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF THE BOILER ROOM WITH STACK TO THE LEFT AND NORTH END OF THE BAGASSE STORE HOUSE TO THE RIGHT. VIEW FROM THE WEST - Kekaha Sugar Company, Sugar Mill Building, 8315 Kekaha Road, Kekaha, Kauai County, HI

85

10. VIEW OF CONNECTING DOOR FROM FRONT ROOM OF FIRST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF CONNECTING DOOR FROM FRONT ROOM OF FIRST FLOOR TO SIDE PASSAGE; NOTE STAIRCASE LEADING TO SECOND FLOOR AND FIXED DIAMOND SHAPED WINDOW; LOOKING SOUTH. - Manlius Thomas House, 125 North Mulberry Street, Georgetown, Scott County, KY

86

3. FIRST FLOOR, LIVING ROOM, VIEW OF FIREPLACE AND CUPBOARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. FIRST FLOOR, LIVING ROOM, VIEW OF FIREPLACE AND CUPBOARD PRIOR TO RESTORATION - Hampton Lillibridge House, No. 1, 507 East Julian Street (moved from 310 East Bryan Street), Savannah, Chatham County, GA

87

4. NORTH ROOM, WEST WALL, THIRD FLOOR. NOTE PLAIN MANTLEPIECE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. NORTH ROOM, WEST WALL, THIRD FLOOR. NOTE PLAIN MANTLEPIECE AND ORIGINAL WINDOW. See also PA-1345 C-5 - Marshall's Court Area Study, David Simpson House, 411 Marshall's Court, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

88

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LANAI FROM THE LIVING ROOM. NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LANAI FROM THE LIVING ROOM. NOTE THE MULTI-LIGHT DOORS WITH DIVIDED TOP LIGHTS. VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST. - Hickam Field, Fort Kamehameha Officers' Housing Type Z, 19 Worchester Avenue, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

89

6. FIRST FLOOR REAR ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. FIRST FLOOR REAR ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED-- NOTE PRESENCE OF SECOND FLOOR WINDOWS AT LEFT. See also PA-1436 B-13 - Kid-Physick House, 325 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

90

37. SECOND FLOOR FRONT ROOM, WINDOWS FACING ON WALNUT STREET ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. SECOND FLOOR FRONT ROOM, WINDOWS FACING ON WALNUT STREET (SOUTH), ORIGINAL PANELED FOLDING SHUTTERS AND HARDWARE. For a view of closed shutters see PA-1436 A-16 - Kid-Chandler House, 323 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

91

13. FIRST FLOOR REAR ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. FIRST FLOOR REAR ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED-- NOTE PRESENCE OF SECOND FLOOR WINDOWS AT LEFT. See also PA-1436 B-6 - Kid-Physick House, 325 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

92

19. ROOM 34 AT WEST END OF LABORATORY, THAT FORMERLY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. ROOM 34 AT WEST END OF LABORATORY, THAT FORMERLY HOUSED ROCK CUTTING EQUIPMENT. NOTE BLACKED OUT ORIGINAL WINDOW AT LEFT. - U.S. Geological Survey, Rock Magnetics Laboratory, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, San Mateo County, CA

93

13. FRIST FLOOR, SOUTHEAST ROOM, SOUTHWEST WALL, HEARTH WITH KETTLES ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. FRIST FLOOR, SOUTHEAST ROOM, SOUTHWEST WALL, HEARTH WITH KETTLES USED FOR RENDERING LARD (LEFT) AND MAKING APPLE BUTTER (RIGHT) WITH SCALE - Open Gate Farm, House, Ridge Road, 1 mile East of Elephant Road, Perkasie, Bucks County, PA

94

12. FRIST FLOOR, SOUTHEAST ROOM, SOUTHWEST WALL, HEARTH WITH KETTLES ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. FRIST FLOOR, SOUTHEAST ROOM, SOUTHWEST WALL, HEARTH WITH KETTLES USED FOR RENDERING LARD (LEFT) AND MAKING APPLE BUTTER (RIGHT) - Open Gate Farm, House, Ridge Road, 1 mile East of Elephant Road, Perkasie, Bucks County, PA

95

Closet with insulators on south side of engine room second ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Closet with insulators on south side of engine room second floor, view facing south-southeast - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Power House, Near Seventh Street, between Avenues D & E, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

96

Rodent Empathy and Affective Neuroscience  

PubMed Central

In the past few years, several experimental studies have suggested that empathy occurs in the social lives of rodents. This indicates that rodent behavioral models can be developed in an attempt to elucidate the mechanistic substrates of empathy at levels that have heretofore been unavailable. For example, the finding that mice from certain inbred strains express behavioral and physiological responses to conspecific distress, while others do not, underscores that the genetic underpinnings of empathy are specifiable and that in the future they could be harnessed to develop new therapies for human psychosocial impairments. However, the advent of rodent models of empathy is met at the outset with a number of theoretical and semantic problems that are similar to those previously confronted by studies of empathy in humans. The distinct underlying components of empathy must be differentiated from one another and from lay usage of the term. The primary goal of this paper is to review a set of seminal studies that are directly relevant to developing a concept of empathy in rodents. We first consider some of the psychological phenomena that have been associated with empathy, and within this context, we consider the component processes, or endophenotypes of rodent empathy. We then review a series of recent experimental studies that demonstrate the capability of rodents to detect and respond to the affective state of their social partners. We focus primarily on experiments that examine how rodents share affective experiences of fear, but we also highlight how similar types of experimental paradigms can be utilized to evaluate the possibility that rodents share positive affective experiences. Taken together, these studies were inspired by Jaak Panksepp’s theory that all mammals are capable of felt affective experiences.

Panksepp, Jules B.; Lahvis, Garet P.

2011-01-01

97

74. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

74. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE RIFLE AND CANNON POWDERS, DETAIL OF WOODEN DRYING ROOM DOORS WITH WOODEN HINGES AND BOLTS FOR SPARK PREVENTION. RINGS BY DOORS TURN ON HOT AIR FLOW TO DRYING ROOMS. NOTE GROUNDING WIRE FROM RING BRACKETS. RECORDING MACHINES BY DOORS RECORD HUMIDITY IN DRYING ROOMS. DRYING ROOMS ILLUMINATED ONLY BY EXPLOSION-PROOF LIGHTING LOCATED OUTSIDE OF ROOMS. NOTE WOODEN RAILROAD RAILS IN BACKGROUND FOR 3 FT. GUAGE CARS. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

98

Migrant Farmworker Housing Regulation Violations in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

Background The quality of housing provided to migrant farmworkers is often criticized, but few studies have investigated these housing conditions. This analysis examines housing regulation violations experienced by migrant farmworkers in North Carolina, and the associations of camp characteristics with the presence of housing violations. Methods Data were collected in183 eastern North Carolina migrant farmworker camps in 2010. Housing regulation violations for the domains of camp, sleeping room, bathroom, kitchen, laundry room, and general housing, as well as total violations were assessed using North Carolina Department of Labor standards. Results Violations of housing regulations were common, ranging from 4 to 22 per camp. Housing regulation violations were common in all domains; the mean number of camp violations was 1.6, of sleeping room violations was 3.8, of bathroom violations was 4.5, of kitchen violations was 2.3, of laundry room violations was 1.2, and of general housing violations was 3.1. The mean number of total housing violations was 11.4. Several camp characteristics were consistently associated with the number of violations; camps with workers having H-2A visas, with North Carolina Department of Labor Certificates of Inspection posted, and assessed early in the season had fewer violations. Conclusions These results argue for regulatory changes to improve the quality of housing provided to migrant farmworkers, including stronger regulations and the more vigorous enforcement of existing regulations.

Arcury, Thomas A.; Weir, Maria; Chen, Haiying; Summers, Phillip; Pelletier, Lori E.; Galvan, Leonardo; Bischoff, Werner E.; Mirabelli, Maria C.; Quandt, Sara A.

2013-01-01

99

VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT BUILDING 121. THE BUILDING HOUSES OFFICES, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT BUILDING 121. THE BUILDING HOUSES OFFICES, THE ROCKY FLATS PLANT CENTRAL ALARM STATION, ALARM CONSOLES, THE ARMORY, THE LOCK AND KEY SECTION, A COMPUTER ROOM, A UTILITY ROOM, AND LOCKER ROOMS WITH SHOWERS. (1/98) - Rocky Flats Plant, Security & Armory, West of Third Street, south of Central Avenue, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

100

Urban landscape features influencing rodent control and animal movement in two urban areas of California  

EPA Science Inventory

â??Pestâ? control of both native (e.g., gophers) and exotic (e.g., black rats, house mice) species may impact populations of non-target species inadvertently. We evaluated relationships among animal movement, rodent control, and landscape features in two urban locations in Californ...

101

CREST staining of micronuclei from free-living rodents to detect environmental contamination in situ  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work immunofluorescent antikinetochore (CREST) staining was used to analyse bone marrow micronuclei (MN) from free-living animals belonging to four different rodent species. Yellow-necked mice (Apodemus flavicollis ) and bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) were trapped in the Czech Republic, Algerian mice (Mus spretus) in Spain and house mice (Mus musculus domesticus) in Italy. Animals were collected in areas displaying

Francesca Degrassi; Caterina Tanzarella; Luisa Anna Ieradi; Jan Zima; Anna Cappai; Antonella Lascialfari; Fabio Allegra; Mauro Cristaldi

1999-01-01

102

Comparison of two PCR protocols for the detection of Neospora caninum DNA in rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present study was, due to increasing interest in the epidemiological role of small mammals as potential reservoir of Neospora caninum, to compare two different PCR protocols for the diagnosis of N. caninum in rodents. We tested tissue samples from 50 house mice (Mus musculus), 50 rats (Rattus norvegicus) and 35 field mice (Apodemus sylvaticus). Two different

A. Romano; A. Trisciuoglio; D. Grande; E. Ferroglio

2009-01-01

103

Mine subsidence damage from room and pillar mining in Illinois  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Data is presented on case histories of subsidence damage occurring over abandoned room and pillar mines in Illinois. The major modes of behaviour and damage in houses from sag-subsidence are described and summarized. The houses rested on crawl-space and basement foundations built from concrete and masonry. The prevalent mode of failure of bearing walls was inward bending. Failure is

Gennaro G. Marino; William Gamble

1986-01-01

104

10. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM IN BASEMENT BELOW SHAFT, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM IN BASEMENT BELOW SHAFT, SHOWING LOW CABINET THAT HOUSES HYDRAULIC CYLINDER AND CLOSET THAT HOUSES TRAVELING SHEAVES AT RIGHT; OPERATING CABLE SHEAVE AT TOP OF PICTURE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - 72 Marlborough Street, Residential Hydraulic Elevator, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

105

11. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM IN BASEMENT BELOW SHAFT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. VIEW OF ELEVATOR MACHINE ROOM IN BASEMENT BELOW SHAFT SHOWING LOW CABINET THAT HOUSES HYDRAULIC CYLINDER AND CLOSET THAT HOUSES TRAVELING SHEAVES AT RIGHT, WITH CABINET AND CLOSET DOORS OPEN, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - 72 Marlborough Street, Residential Hydraulic Elevator, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

106

Dining room, view to southeast. Door at right leads to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Dining room, view to southeast. Door at right leads to living room, door at left leads to short hall leading to southeast (front) bedroom, and window looks out on enclosed east porch. - Drew-Sherwood Farm, House, 7927 Elk Grove Boulevard, Elk Grove, Sacramento County, CA

107

Open House  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the US housing market collapsed in 2008, so did the dreams of many middle- and lower-class Americans. Florida, California, Nevada, and Arizona were hit particularly hard, and not by a force of nature, but by the abstract and invisible hand of the market. Prior to the collapse, the movement of global capital seemed like a distant reality to most

Jack Stenner; Patrick LeMieux

2011-01-01

108

House trap  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preferred mode of living in the U.S. is the single-family home. With energy no longer cheap and abundant, many are discovering themselves hostage to a dwelling they find difficult to afford. Housing's share of the family budget rose from 27% in 1950 to 31% in 1973. Rapid increases in the price of fuel oil No. 2, natural gas, and

C. Meeks; E. Ouderkerk

2009-01-01

109

Housing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

Schmalz, Georgann

1985-01-01

110

House Arrest  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overcrowded correctional systems transfer thousands of prison inmates to community-based correctional programs - some to residential centers and most others to nonresidential programs. This study compared 63 community treatment center residents with 156 house arrestees in tems of their characteristics and their rates of success\\/failure both during the program and for one year after release from the program. The

Harjit S. Sandhu; Richard A Dodder; Minu Mathur

1993-01-01

111

Poverty, Housing Deprivation and Housing Assistance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines three aspects of the relationship between the permanence of poverty and the housing situation of poor households: whether permanent poverty is a good predictor of housing deprivation; the relation between permanency of housing deprivat...

S. Newman R. Struyk D. Manson

1982-01-01

112

EFFECT OF CAGE BEDDING ON TEMPERATURE REGULATION AND METABOLISM OF GROUP-HOUSED FEMALE MICE.  

EPA Science Inventory

This manuscript examines how methods used to house and study laboratory rodents could affect the variability and quality of toxicological data. The key finding is that there is likely to be more instability in body temperature and metabolism in mice when housed on conventional be...

113

Embargoed African Rodents and Monkeypox Virus  

MedlinePLUS

... 639-3311 Monkeypox Home > FACT SHEET Embargoed African Rodents and Monkeypox Virus On June 11, 2003, the ... joint order prohibiting the importation of all African rodents into the United States. The joint order also ...

114

Isoflurane leakage from non-rebreathing rodent anaesthesia circuits: comparison of emissions from conventional and modified ports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Chronic exposure to low levels of fluorocarbon-based waste anaesthetic gas (WAG) has been linked to a multitude of human health problems. We have shown that isoflurane exhaust from passive gas-scavenging canisters is often quite high when using conventional rodent anaesthesia protocols and equipment. Another likely source of WAG build-up in rodent procedure rooms is leakage at the interface between

J C Smith; B Bolon

2006-01-01

115

Francisella tularensis in Rodents, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 420 rodents in China were examined for Francisella tularensis by polymerase chain reaction. The infection rates were 4.76% in total, and 11.65%, 10.00%, 6.56%, 1.77%, and 0% in Jilin, Xinjiang, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, and Zhejiang, respectively. Sequence analysis showed that all the detected agents belonged to F. tularen- sis subsp. holarctica.

Fang Zhang; Wei Liu; May C. Chu; Jun He; Qing Duan; Xiao-Ming Wu; Pan-He Zhang; Qiu-Min Zhao; Hong Yang; Zhong-Tao Xin; Wu-Chun Cao

2006-01-01

116

Allometric disparity in rodent evolution.  

PubMed

In this study, allometric trajectories for 51 rodent species, comprising equal representatives from each of the major clades (Ctenohystrica, Muroidea, Sciuridae), are compared in a multivariate morphospace (=allometric space) to quantify magnitudes of disparity in cranial growth. Variability in allometric trajectory patterns was compared to measures of adult disparity in each clade, and dietary habit among the examined species, which together encapsulated an ecomorphological breadth. Results indicate that the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents is characterized by different features in sciurids compared with muroids and Ctenohystrica. Sciuridae was found to have a reduced magnitude of inter-trajectory change and growth patterns with less variation in allometric coefficient values among members. In contrast, a greater magnitude of difference between trajectories and an increased variation in allometric coefficient values was evident for both Ctenohystrica and muroids. Ctenohystrica and muroids achieved considerably higher adult disparities than sciurids, suggesting that conservatism in allometric trajectory modification may constrain morphological diversity in rodents. The results provide support for a role of ecology (dietary habit) in the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents. PMID:23610638

Wilson, Laura A B

2013-03-05

117

Allometric disparity in rodent evolution  

PubMed Central

In this study, allometric trajectories for 51 rodent species, comprising equal representatives from each of the major clades (Ctenohystrica, Muroidea, Sciuridae), are compared in a multivariate morphospace (=allometric space) to quantify magnitudes of disparity in cranial growth. Variability in allometric trajectory patterns was compared to measures of adult disparity in each clade, and dietary habit among the examined species, which together encapsulated an ecomorphological breadth. Results indicate that the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents is characterized by different features in sciurids compared with muroids and Ctenohystrica. Sciuridae was found to have a reduced magnitude of inter-trajectory change and growth patterns with less variation in allometric coefficient values among members. In contrast, a greater magnitude of difference between trajectories and an increased variation in allometric coefficient values was evident for both Ctenohystrica and muroids. Ctenohystrica and muroids achieved considerably higher adult disparities than sciurids, suggesting that conservatism in allometric trajectory modification may constrain morphological diversity in rodents. The results provide support for a role of ecology (dietary habit) in the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents.

Wilson, Laura A B

2013-01-01

118

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rodent control. 1250.96 Section 1250.96...and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of rodent infestation through the use of traps,...

2010-04-01

119

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Rodent control. 1250.96 Section 1250.96...and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of rodent infestation through the use of traps,...

2009-04-01

120

Remix rooms: Redefining the smart conference room  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this workshop we will explore how the experience of smart conference rooms can be broadened to include different contexts and media such as context-aware mobile systems, personal and professional videoconferencing, virtual worlds, and social software. How should the technologies behind conference room systems reflect the rapidly changing expectations around personal devices and social online spaces like Facebook, Twitter, and

Maribeth Back

121

Local house price developments and housing supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In this paper, we identify the relationship between (local) housing supply and (local) house price developments, especially in The Netherlands. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – We measure the influence of new building on house prices by comparing areas designated for concentrated new building (main Dutch cities) with areas where no large housing projects are developed. On the basis of classical economic

Paul De Vries; Peter Boelhouwer

2005-01-01

122

Spatial Dependence, Housing Submarkets, and House Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the impacts of alternative models of spatial dependence on the accuracy of house price predictions in a mass appraisal context. Explicit modeling of spatial dependence is characterized as a more fluid approach to defining housing submarkets. This approach allows the relevant “submarket” to vary from house to house and for transactions involving other dwellings in each submarket

Steven C. Bourassa; Eva Cantoni; Martin Hoesli

2005-01-01

123

OBLIQUE VIEW, TCI DOUBLE THREEROOM HOUSE WITH STEEL ROOF AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

OBLIQUE VIEW, TCI DOUBLE THREE-ROOM HOUSE WITH STEEL ROOF AND ORIGINAL HEDGING AND CURB AND GUTTER ALONG ENGLAND AVENUE. - Edgewater Community, Off New Mulga Loop Road (Junction 80), Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

124

33. BOILER HOUSE FURNACE AND BOILER Close view of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. BOILER HOUSE - FURNACE AND BOILER Close view of the Dorward Engineering Company furnace and boiler which provided steam to the cooking retorts in the adjacent room. - Hovden Cannery, 886 Cannery Row, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

125

4. INTERIOR VIEW OF CLUB HOUSE REFRIGERATION UNIT, SHOWING COOLING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. INTERIOR VIEW OF CLUB HOUSE REFRIGERATION UNIT, SHOWING COOLING COILS AND CORK-LINED ROOM. CAMERA IS BETWEEN SEVEN AND EIGHT FEET ABOVE FLOOR LEVEL, FACING SOUTHEAST. - Swan Falls Village, Clubhouse 011, Snake River, Kuna, Ada County, ID

126

63. INTERIOR VIEW OF UPSTREAM LOCKKEEPER'S HOUSE, SHOWING FIRST FLOOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

63. INTERIOR VIEW OF UPSTREAM LOCKKEEPER'S HOUSE, SHOWING FIRST FLOOR DINING ROOM, WITH ENTRY FRENCH DOORS IN RIGHT FOREGROUND, LOOKING NORTH - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 10, Guttenberg, Clayton County, IA

127

Female Mate Choice in Rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The selection of suitable mates from a pool of potential candidates is one of the most important choices a female rodent has\\u000a to make. It influences Darwinian fitness directly via the number of offspring produced but also by its viability, fertility,\\u000a and fecundity. Numerous mechanisms have evolved to ensure this fitness increase by maximizing reproductive success. They act\\u000a at various

Jörns Fickel; Alexandra Weyrich

128

The Insulation of Houses against Noise from Aircraft in Flight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three groups of traditional houses were insulated against aircraft noise by double glazing and installing sound attenuating ventilator units. For upper floor rooms of two story houses, overall insulations of 35-40 dB were obtainable, providing transmission through the roofs and down flues were also reduced. The noise levels caused by ventilator…

Scholes, W. E.; Parkin, P. H.

129

The Post-Social Turn: Challenges for Housing Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an editorial entitled ‘Living Room’ for the journal Urban Geography (Vol. 25, 2004) Susan Smith made reference to the ‘tired state of housing studies’. Smith argued that the ‘post-social turn’ in sociology and cultural geography has largely gone unnoticed by housing researchers and because of this, the radical implications of its epistemology have yet to be explicitly addressed. This

Michelle Gabriel; Keith Jacobs

2008-01-01

130

Housing improvement projects in Indonesia: responding to local demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than three decades, environmental health programmes in Indonesia have emphasized prevention and treatment of the high incidence of disease among villagers. One of the main causes of disease is the unhygienic conditions of typical rural houses—two-room constructions with dirt floors and walls of lightly fired bricks or woven bamboo skins. While most houses have few or no windows,

RI JOSODIPOERO

2003-01-01

131

Housing and First Births in Sweden, 1972–2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to explore to what extent housing (type, tenure and number of rooms) is a constraint for first births in Sweden 1972–2005. The Swedish Housing and Life Course Cohort Study (HOLK) (n = 2242) is used. The occurrence of childbearing is measured as the event of the birth itself and the time 16 months prior to the

Sara Ström

2010-01-01

132

73. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

73. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE RIFLE AND CANNON POWDERS, NORTHEAST ELEVATION, EACH COOPER ELBOW VENT ON THE ROOF COMES FROM A DRYING ROOM. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

133

Faculty Housing Assistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some of the creative financing programs currently used to provide faculty housing assistance in California and elsewhere in the United States are described. Generally, the programs fall into one of four categories: rental housing, owner housing, mortgage assistance, and housing stipends. Institutions with a comprehensive housing program often…

Fink, Ira

1982-01-01

134

Fair Housing and Latinos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Latinos need the protection of the proposed Fair Housing Amendments of 1987 and the active support of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to overcome housing discrimination. Latinos are both disproportionately poor and inadequately housed, but low income alone cannot fully explain the poor housing conditions under which many…

Cubillos, Herminia L.

135

Housing, Design, and Furnishings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains teacher's materials for a six-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on housing, design, and furnishings. The units cover: (1) the societal aspects of housing (including the relationship between housing and the economy, population trends, and culture-related housing characteristics); (2) family housing…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

136

Happy Birthday White House!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An integrated elementary teaching package offers interesting facts about presidents and the White House. Cross-curricular activities focus on architecture, presidential birthplaces, portraits, communications, science, technology, touring the White House, children in the White House, a day in the life of the White House, and a White House birthday…

Dillon, Doris; And Others

1992-01-01

137

Superinsulated houses  

SciTech Connect

Superinsulation is a direct response to the fast-rising cost of home heating. Of the many kinds of responses, superinsulation is proving to be the simplest and most cost-effective. Until the oil embargo of 1973 there was little interest in saving heat. When the oil shortage arrived and fuel costs doubled and redoubled, many architects responded, at first, by invoking solar energy. They examined the designs of existing solar-heated houses and proposed a great variety of new designs, most of which appeared - to the uninitiated - to have great promise. Most of the early designs were of the active type; some were of the passive type; a few were of the hybrid design.

Shurcliff, W.A.

1986-01-01

138

78 FR 25295 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5648-N-04] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program Fiscal Year 2013; Revised AGENCY: Office of...

2013-04-30

139

75 FR 11553 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5328-N-03] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy...areas were having significant problems administering the Housing Choice Voucher program at the then current FY2009 FMRs, and...

2010-03-11

140

77 FR 71195 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5648-N-03] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program Fiscal Year 2013; Revised AGENCY: Office of...

2012-11-29

141

75 FR 12252 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5328-N-04] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program for Fiscal Year 2010; Revised Correction...

2010-03-15

142

Comparison of the prevalence of Salmonella infection in layer hens from commercial layer farms with high and low rodent densities.  

PubMed

A comparison on the prevalence of Salmonella infection in layer hens from commercial layer farms with high and low rodent densities was investigated. Out of 280 laying hens sampled from three commercial layer farms with high rodent densities, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis (Salmonella Enteritidis) was isolated from 20 (7.14%) hens and Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Infantis (Salmonella Infantis) from three (1.07%) hens. In contrast, layer hens sampled from four commercial layer farms with low rodent densities were negative for any salmonellae. Significant differences (P < 0.05) in the isolation rates of Salmonella from various organs of infected layer hens were also noted. For Salmonella Enteritidis, liver (55.0%) and the oviduct (55.0%) had the highest isolation rates while all Salmonella Infantis isolates were from the oviduct. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis of BlnI-digested chromosomal DNA of Salmonella Enteritidis isolated from layer hens and rodents showed similar patterns. PFGE analysis of Salmonella Infantis isolated from layer hens, rodents, eggs, and the environment yielded identical patterns. In this study, the significantly higher prevalence rate (P < 0.05) of Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Infantis in layer hens from high rodent density farms could be attributed to the high rodent population density. The persistent Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Infantis infection inside layer houses may have been amplified by the increasing numbers in the rodent population over the years, which increased the opportunity for environment-rodent-chicken interaction and the transmission of salmonellae to chickens. Monitoring of salmonellae from rodents inside poultry premises is recommended to be an effective additional tool in the assessment of the Salmonella status of layer flocks. PMID:22545525

Lapuz, Randy Rhon Simoun P; Umali, Dennis V; Suzuki, Terumasa; Shirota, Kazutoshi; Katoh, Hiromitsu

2012-03-01

143

Prospects for biological control of rodent populations.  

PubMed

Pathogens and predatory animals are the main agents used for the biological control of rodents. The pathogens that have been used are of the genus Salmonella; none is rodent-specific and all can cause severe infection in man and domestic animals. Furthermore, rodents frequently develop immunity to, and become carriers of, these organisms, and there is little to commend their use, except in lightly populated areas where control is infrequently applied. The relationships of five predator species with their rodent prey have been examined. The monitor lizard, mongoose, and ferret were for different reasons found to be unsatisfactory, and there is not yet sufficient evidence to warrant further releases of the Japanese weasel. Domestic and feral cats control rodents well in some situations but only after some other agent has removed a large part of the rodent population. PMID:4587482

Wodzicki, K

1973-01-01

144

Prospects for biological control of rodent populations*  

PubMed Central

Pathogens and predatory animals are the main agents used for the biological control of rodents. The pathogens that have been used are of the genus Salmonella; none is rodent-specific and all can cause severe infection in man and domestic animals. Furthermore, rodents frequently develop immunity to, and become carriers of, these organisms, and there is little to commend their use, except in lightly populated areas where control is infrequently applied. The relationships of five predator species with their rodent prey have been examined. The monitor lizard, mongoose, and ferret were for different reasons found to be unsatisfactory, and there is not yet sufficient evidence to warrant further releases of the Japanese weasel. Domestic and feral cats control rodents well in some situations but only after some other agent has removed a large part of the rodent population.

Wodzicki, Kazimierz

1973-01-01

145

6. Keeper's house, first floor, detail of woodwork, looking northeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Keeper's house, first floor, detail of woodwork, looking northeast from southwest room into northwest room and stair hall - Ram Island Light Station, Ram Island, south of Ocean Point & just north of Fisherman Island, marking south side of Fisherman Island Passage, Ocean Point, Lincoln County, ME

146

Prediction of rodent carcinogenicity for 30 chemicals.  

PubMed Central

Predictions of carcinogenic activity are made for 30 chemicals currently being assessed for rodent carcinogenicity by the U.S. National Toxicology Program. The predictions are based upon the chemical structure, the anticipated or reported mutagenicity, and the reported sub-chronic toxicity of each chemical. It is predicted that 13 chemicals will be noncarcinogenic to rodents, that 7 will be genotoxic carcinogens, and that 10 may show some evidence of presumed nongenotoxic rodent carcinogenesis.

Ashby, J

1996-01-01

147

Prediction of rodent carcinogenicity for 30 chemicals  

SciTech Connect

Predictions of carcinogenic activity are made for 30 chemicals currently being assessed for rodent carcinogenicity by the U.S. National Toxicology Program. The predictions are based upon the chemical structure, the anticipated or reported mutagenicity, and the reported sub-chronic toxicity of each chemical. It is predicted that 13 chemicals will be noncarcinogenic to rodents, that 7 will be genotoxic carcinogens, and that 10 may show some evidence of presumed nongenotoxic rodent carcinogenesis. 3 refs., 1 fig.

Ashby, J. [Zeneca Central Toxicology Lab., Cheshire (United Kingdom)

1996-10-01

148

Transfection of rodent malaria parasites.  

PubMed

Gene manipulation is an invaluable tool to investigate and understand the biology of an organism. Although this technology has been applied to both the human and rodent malarial parasites (RMP), Plasmodium berghei in particular offers a more robust system due to a higher and more efficient transformation rate. Here, we describe a comprehensive transfection and selection protocol using P. berghei including a variant negative selection protocol administering 5-fluorocytosine to the animals in drinking water. Additionally, we discuss and assess the latest advances in gene manipulation technologies developed in RMP to gain a better understanding of Plasmodium biology. PMID:22990773

Philip, Nisha; Orr, Rachael; Waters, Andrew P

2013-01-01

149

Auditing laboratory rodent biosecurity programs.  

PubMed

A rodent biosecurity program that includes periodic evaluation of procedures used in an institution's vivarium can be used to ensure that best practices are in place to prevent a microbial pathogen outbreak. As a result of an ongoing comprehensive biosecurity review within their North American and European production facilities, the authors developed a novel biosecurity auditing process and worksheet that could be useful in other animal care and use operations. The authors encourage other institutions to consider initiating similar audits of their biosecurity programs to protect the health of their laboratory animals. PMID:24150170

Porter, William P; Horn, Mandy J; Cooper, Dale M; Klein, Hilton J

2013-10-22

150

Urban resident attitudes toward rodents, rodent control products, and environmental effects  

EPA Science Inventory

Rodent control in urban areas can result in the inadvertent mortality of non-target species (e.g., bobcats). However, there is little detailed information about rodent control practices of urban residents. Our objective was to evaluate urban rodent control behaviors in two area...

151

Atypical Housing: U.S. and Selected Metropolitan Areas, 1974-1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper offers background data on the numbers and kinds of people who live in hotels, shared homes, mobile homes, and one - room apartments and houses, and other atypical types of housing, based on National Housing Surveys. The number of people in hote...

P. Burke

1984-01-01

152

Rodents and Leptospira transmission risk in Terceira island (Azores).  

PubMed

The role of rodents as Leptospira renal carriers in Terceira island was evaluated (1993-1995) through kidney culture and serology [microscopic aglutination test (MAT)] of 94 mice and rats. Fifty-nine animals were positive (n = 41 by serology + culturing; n = 11 serology; n = 7 culturing), presenting a wide distribution in man-made and natural areas. House mice had the highest bacteriological (82.9%) and serological (90.9%) rates, being strictly related to serovar arborea. Black rats were involved in the dispersion of all isolated L. interrogans sensu lato serovars (arborea, copenhageni and icterohaemorrhagiae). Logistic regression analysis and non-metric multi-dimensional scaling, relating Leptospira infection with biological and environmental variables, expressed that adult males Mus domesticus, sexually active and living in humid biotopes, mainly above 500 m, are the most likely reservoirs. This study emphasizes the role of house-mice in the epidemiology of leptospirosis in Terceira and the need of reducing the risk of Leptospira transmission through integrated control programmes, primarily focusing on adult house-mice in peri-domestic environments, before the breeding season. PMID:11484805

Collares-Pereira, M; Mathias, M L; Santos-Reis, M; Ramalhinho, M G; Duarte-Rodrigues, P

2000-01-01

153

The role of pheromonal responses in rodent behavior: future directions for the development of laboratory protocols.  

PubMed

Pheromones--chemical signals that can elicit responses in a conspecific--are important in intraspecies communication. Information conveyed by pheromones includes the location of an animal, the presence of food or a threat, sexual attraction, courtship, and dam-pup interactions. These chemical messages remain intact and volatile even when animals, such as rodents, are housed in laboratories rather than their natural environment. Laboratory protocols, such as the cage cleaning and sanitation processes, as well as general housing conditions can alter a rodent's normal production of pheromones in both amount and type and thus may affect behavior. In addition, some procedures induce the release of alarm pheromones that subsequently alter the behavior of other rodents. To prevent pheromonal interference and stress-induced pheromonal release in their research subjects, experimenters should assess current laboratory protocols regarding cage cleaning processes, housing designs, and behavioral assays. Here we discuss how the most commonly used laboratory procedures can alter pheromonal signaling and cause confounding effects. PMID:23562094

Bind, Rebecca H; Minney, Sarah M; Rosenfeld, SaraJane; Hallock, Robert M

2013-03-01

154

Field evaluation of capsaicin as a rodent aversion agent for poultry feed.  

PubMed

Developing additional techniques for reducing animal feed contamination by rodents and controlling rodent populations is critical to efforts aimed at reducing the occurrence of Salmonella spp infection on poultry farms. Capsaicin, a compound found in chili peppers of the genus Capsicum, produces a burning sensation in the mouth of mammals and is used effectively as an animal deterrent for some pest species. Applied to poultry feed, capsaicin may be effective as an aversive agent to deter rodent feeding and enhance acceptability of rodenticide baits. We tested capsaicin-treated poultry diets (2000 and 3000 Scoville Heat Units, SHU) in no-choice feeding trials at four active New York farms in the winter of 1997-1998. At all farms, consumption of the 2000 SHU diet by rodents (Norway rats, Rattus norvegicus (Berk), and house mice, Mus musculus L) was significantly less than consumption of a control diet. Consumption of the 3000 SHU diet by rodents was significantly less than consumption of a control diet at three of the four farms. Overall, consumption of treated diets was 58-97% and 55-98% less than consumption of the control diet, for the 2000 and 3000 SHU diets, respectively. These reductions appeared to be related closely to the availability of alternative feed sources at these farms. Two-choice feeding trials involving a rodenticide bait (0.05 g kg(-1) brodifacoum) and the 3000 SHU diet demonstrated that Norway rats preferred the rodenticide to the capsaicin-treated poultry feed. Overall, rodenticide bait acceptance was high (95.6%) when offered simultaneously with capsaicin-treated poultry feed. Although poultry managers must utilize several techniques to manage rodent pests, the use of capsaicin-treated diets to reduce feed losses and increase rodenticide bait acceptance appears promising. Use of capsaicin-treated feed on poultry farms may substantially reduce feed contamination by rodents and ultimately the incidence of Salmonella infection in poultry. PMID:12974352

Jensen, Paul G; Curtis, Paul D; Dunn, Joseph A; Austic, Richard E; Richmond, Milo E

2003-09-01

155

Re-engineering the hospital: a house without rooms.  

PubMed

Re-engineering of health care systems is defined, and the experience with re-engineering at a medical center is discussed. Re-engineering is a business concept that involves totally redesigning work processes to achieve much higher efficiencies and quality; it should not be confused with cost cutting, downsizing, and continuous improvement. Re-engineering seeks to combine multiple jobs into one, empower workers and make them more accountable, sequence the elements of work more naturally, create greater flexibility, and blur or remove organizational boundaries. Re-engineering at The Ohio State University Medical Center began with the formation of an operations improvement team consisting of department heads. Work processes were selected for re-engineering and prioritized, and teams were created to identify activities calling for radical change, such as activities that wasted time, could be done on an outpatient basis, or were duplicative. It was concluded that the redesign had to focus on the entire medical center, not the individual departments. A list of the characteristics of a better organization was prepared and distributed to the staff, along with other documents to help them understand the need for change. The operations improvement team specified expected outcomes of the re-engineering, and each re-engineering team developed measures of these outcomes. Many of the recommendations submitted have been implemented. One innovation has been the consolidation of the duties of utilization-review nurses, continuity-of-care nurses, social workers, and patient-education nurses into a single job category. When the medication-use re-engineering team meets, it will not be re-engineering the pharmacy department, it will be addressing the drug-use process. A medical center is re-engineering itself so that it will be able to continue to meet the health care needs of the community it serves. PMID:8601261

Schneider, P J

1995-12-01

156

35. SECOND FLOOR WEST ROOM LOOKING NORTH. The two trusses ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. SECOND FLOOR WEST ROOM LOOKING NORTH. The two trusses above this room date from 1812. They differ from the 1755 salvaged trusses in that they are made of pine rather than poplar, their numbering system differs, and they do not have pockets for joists. These two trusses were added to extend the plan of the building when it was re-erected in 1812. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

157

Rodent Control: Seal Up! Trap Up! Clean Up!  

MedlinePLUS

... can be found at http://www.usa.gov . Rodents Worldwide, rats and mice spread over 35 diseases. These diseases can be spread to humans directly, through handling of rodents, through contact with rodent feces, urine, or saliva, ...

158

Housing Submarkets in Istanbul  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests the hypothesis that in a segmented housing market, housing price structure is different in each segment and whole market area price structure does not reflect a realistic housing price structure effectively. Submarket existence is tested in order to average household income in neighbourhoods in the Istanbul housing market. Whether the consequential variations in prices in each segment

Elif Alkay

2008-01-01

159

Intrinsically Motivated Intelligent Rooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent rooms are responsive environments in which human ac- tivities are monitored and responses are generated to facilitate these activities. Research and development on intelligent rooms currently focuses on the inte- gration of multiple sensor devices with pre-programmed responses to specific triggers. Developments in intelligent agents towards intrinsically motivated learning agents can be integrated with the concept of an intelligent

Owen Macindoe; Mary Lou Maher

2005-01-01

160

Clean room wiping liquids  

SciTech Connect

A water-based liquid containing isopropyl alcohol, ammonium hydroxide, and surfactants was developed to replace 1,1,2-trichlorotrifluoroethane for the dampening of clean room wiping cloths used to wipe clean benches, clean room equipment, and latex finger cots and gloves.

Harding, W.B.

1991-12-01

161

Diet, caloric restriction, and the rodent bioassay  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diet can significantly alter the results of toxicity and carci- nogenicity studies. Ad libitum (AL) overfeeding of excessive calo- ries to sedentary adult rodents is one of the most poorly controlled variables affecting the current rodent bioassay. AL-overfed ro- dents develop an early onset of adverse metabolic events, endo- crine-disruptive degenerative diseases, and tumors that result in early morbidity

Kevin P. Keenan; Gordon C. Ballam; Keith A. Soper; Philippe Laroque; John B. Coleman; Rakesh Dixit

1999-01-01

162

Seed choice by rodents: learning or inheritance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning plays a central role in animal life, and it has received special attention in the context of foraging. In this study,\\u000a we have tested whether learning operates in seed choices by rodents using the Algerian mouse (Mus spretus) and Holm oak (Quercus ilex) acorns as a model. At the laboratory, those rodents captured in the field during the acorn

Alberto Muñoz; Raúl Bonal

2008-01-01

163

Exposure to rodents and rodent-borne viruses among persons with elevated occupational risk.  

PubMed

Persons who have frequent contact with rodents as part of their occupation may be at increased risk of exposure to rodent-borne viruses such as Sin Nombre virus (SNV), the agent of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, and Whitewater Arroyo virus (WWA), a New World arenavirus. Eighty-one persons with possible occupational exposure to rodents completed questionnaires and provided specimens for serologic testing. Seventy-two participants reported handling rodents as part of their job. The mean total number of rodents handled during participants' careers was approximately 2200. IgG antibody to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus was detected in serum from one (1.2%) participant. IgG antibody to SNV, WWA, and Amapari viruses was not detected in any of the serum specimens. Despite considerable exposure to rodents, participants did not have significant serological evidence of exposure to rodent-borne viruses. PMID:12391776

Fritz, Curtis L; Fulhorst, Charles F; Enge, Barryett; Winthrop, Kevin L; Glaser, Carol A; Vugia, Duc J

2002-10-01

164

Mathematical models for hantavirus infection in rodents.  

PubMed

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is an emerging disease of humans that is carried by wild rodents. Humans are usually exposed to the virus through geographically isolated outbreaks. The driving forces behind these outbreaks is poorly understood. Certainly, one key driver of the emergence of these viruses is the virus population dynamics within the rodent population. Two new mathematical models for hantavirus infection in rodents are formulated and studied. The new models include the dynamics of susceptible, exposed, infective, and recovered male and female rodents. The first model is a system of ordinary differential equations while the second model is a system of stochastic differential equations. These new models capture some of the realistic dynamics of the male/female rodent hantavirus interaction: higher seroprevalence in males and variability in seroprevalence levels. PMID:16794943

Allen, Linda J S; McCormack, Robert K; Jonsson, Colleen B

2006-04-01

165

1. VIEW OF SUPERINTENDENT'S HOUSE ON ROUTE 29, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF SUPERINTENDENT'S HOUSE ON ROUTE 29, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. THIS TWO-STORY, HIPPED-ROOF STRUCTURE WITH A CENTRAL HALL AND CHIMNEY WAS CONSTRUCTED FOR THE SUPERINTENDENT OF STARK MILL, NEW ENGLAND SOUTHERN MILLS IN 1923-24. THE MILL ENGINEERS, LOCKWOOD GREENE COMPANY, ALSO DESIGNED AND BUILT THE NEW MILL HOUSING. THIS HOUSE HAS SEVEN ROOMS, BATH, SCREENED OUTSIDE PORCH AND SLEEPING PORCH, AND GARAGE. IT COST APPROXIMATELY $9,000. - Superintendent's House, Southwest corner of Routes 29 & 100, Hogansville, Troup County, GA

166

The Genetic Basis of Resistance to Anticoagulants in Rodents  

PubMed Central

Anticoagulant compounds, i.e., derivatives of either 4-hydroxycoumarin (e.g., warfarin, bromadiolone) or indane-1,3-dione (e.g., diphacinone, chlorophacinone), have been in worldwide use as rodenticides for >50 years. These compounds inhibit blood coagulation by repression of the vitamin K reductase reaction (VKOR). Anticoagulant-resistant rodent populations have been reported from many countries and pose a considerable problem for pest control. Resistance is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait although, until recently, the basic genetic mutation was unknown. Here, we report on the identification of eight different mutations in the VKORC1 gene in resistant laboratory strains of brown rats and house mice and in wild-caught brown rats from various locations in Europe with five of these mutations affecting only two amino acids (Tyr139Cys, Tyr139Ser, Tyr139Phe and Leu128Gln, Leu128Ser). By recombinant expression of VKORC1 constructs in HEK293 cells we demonstrate that mutations at Tyr139 confer resistance to warfarin at variable degrees while the other mutations, in addition, dramatically reduce VKOR activity. Our data strongly argue for at least seven independent mutation events in brown rats and two in mice. They suggest that mutations in VKORC1 are the genetic basis of anticoagulant resistance in wild populations of rodents, although the mutations alone do not explain all aspects of resistance that have been reported. We hypothesize that these mutations, apart from generating structural changes in the VKORC1 protein, may induce compensatory mechanisms to maintain blood clotting. Our findings provide the basis for a DNA-based field monitoring of anticoagulant resistance in rodents.

Pelz, Hans-Joachim; Rost, Simone; Hunerberg, Mirja; Fregin, Andreas; Heiberg, Ann-Charlotte; Baert, Kristof; MacNicoll, Alan D.; Prescott, Colin V.; Walker, Anne-Sophie; Oldenburg, Johannes; Muller, Clemens R.

2005-01-01

167

Effect of interior door position on room-to-room differences in residential pollutant concentrations after short-term releases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Residential interior door positions influence the pollutant concentrations that result from short-term indoor sources, such as cigarettes, candles, and incense. To elucidate this influence, we reviewed past studies and conducted new experiments in three residences: a single-story 714 m 3 ranch-style house, a 510 m 3 two-story split-level house, and a 200 m 3 two-story house. During the experiments, we released sulfur hexafluoride or carbon monoxide tracer gas over short periods (?30 min) and measured concentrations in the source room and at least one other (receptor) room for various interior door opening positions. We found that closing a door between rooms effectively prevented transport of air pollutants, reducing the average concentration in the receptor room relative to the source room by 57-100% over exposure periods of 1-8 h. When intervening doors were partially or fully open, the reduction in average concentrations ranged from 3% to 99%, varying as a function of door opening width and the distance between source and receptor rooms.

Ferro, Andrea R.; Klepeis, Neil E.; Ott, Wayne R.; Nazaroff, William W.; Hildemann, Lynn M.; Switzer, Paul

168

75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

2010-01-26

169

4. FIRSTFLOOR SHOWER/LOCKER ROOM. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. Rocky Mountain ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. FIRST-FLOOR SHOWER/LOCKER ROOM. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Administration-Laboratory- Change House-Bomb Rail, 420 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 530 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

170

Transport of airborne particles within a room.  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to test a technique used to analyze contaminant transport in the wake of a bluff body under controlled experimental conditions for application to aerosol transport in a complex furnished room. Specifically, the hypothesis tested by our work is that the dispersion of contaminants in a room is related to the turbulence kinetic energy and length scale. This turbulence is, in turn, determined by the size and shape of furnishings within the room and by the ventilation characteristics. This approach was tested for indoor dispersion through computational fluid dynamics simulations and laboratory experiments. In each, 3 mum aerosols were released in a furnished room with varied contaminant release locations (at the inlet vent or under a desk). The realizable k approximately epsilon model was employed in the simulations, followed by a Lagrangian particle trajectory simulation used as input for an in-house FORTRAN code to compute aerosol concentration. For the experiments, concentrations were measured simultaneously at seven locations by laser photometry, and air velocity was measured using laser Doppler velocimetry. The results suggest that turbulent diffusion is a significant factor in contaminant residence time in a furnished room. This procedure was then expanded to develop a simplified correlation between contaminant residence time and the number of enclosing surfaces around a point containing the contaminant. Practical Implications The work presented here provides a methodology for relating local aerosol residence time to properties of room ventilation and furniture arrangement. This technique may be used to assess probable locations of high concentration by knowing only the particle release location, furniture configuration, inlet and outlet locations, and air speeds, which are all observable features. Applications of this method include development of 'rules of thumb' for first responders entering a room where an agent has been released and selection of sampler locations to monitor conditions in sensitive areas. PMID:16420497

Richmond-Bryant, J; Eisner, A D; Brixey, L A; Wiener, R W

2006-02-01

171

Operating Room Fire Safety  

PubMed Central

Operating room fires are a rare but preventable danger in modern healthcare operating rooms. Optimal outcomes depend on all operating room personnel being familiar with their roles in fire prevention and fire management. Despite the recommendations of major safety institutes, this familiarity is not the current practice in many healthcare facilities. Members of the anesthesiology and the surgery departments are commonly not actively involved in fire safety programs, fire drills, and fire simulations that could lead to potential delays in prevention and management of intraoperative fires.

Hart, Stuart R.; Yajnik, Amit; Ashford, Jeffrey; Springer, Randy; Harvey, Sherry

2011-01-01

172

20. MAIN MEETING ROOM, NORTHEAST CORNER. The stairway against the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. MAIN MEETING ROOM, NORTHEAST CORNER. The stairway against the north wall on the men's side is original to 1812-13. The glass vestibule partition was added in 1885. It is believed the east stair was added at that time. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

173

45. MAIN MEETING ROOM COLUMNS. Ends of gallery columns identified ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

45. MAIN MEETING ROOM COLUMNS. Ends of gallery columns identified at the time of removal for transfer to the George School for re-erection. The stamp reads, 'REMOVED FROM 12th ST. MTG HSE PHILA 1972'. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

174

14. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM NO. 1 SHOWING DOORWAY TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM NO. 1 SHOWING DOORWAY TO KITCHEN NO. 2 AND 6-LIGHT OVER 6-LIGHT, DOUBLE-HUNG WINDOWS ALONG BACK (NORTH) WALL. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 6, Cashbaugh-Kilpatrick House, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

175

Dining room ,view to northeast. Kitchen door is at extreme ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Dining room ,view to northeast. Kitchen door is at extreme left, windows look out on enclosed east porch. Note eastlake-style built-in cabinet, tongue-and-groove wainscot, chair rail. - Drew-Sherwood Farm, House, 7927 Elk Grove Boulevard, Elk Grove, Sacramento County, CA

176

Dining room, view to northwest. Door at left is to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Dining room, view to northwest. Door at left is to HVAC closet, open door at center is to bathroom (not photographed), door at right is to kitchen. - Drew-Sherwood Farm, House, 7927 Elk Grove Boulevard, Elk Grove, Sacramento County, CA

177

DINING ROOM WITH THE WINDOW TO CARPORT AT REAR WALL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DINING ROOM WITH THE WINDOW TO CARPORT AT REAR WALL AND PASS-THRU TO THE KITCHEN AT RIGHT. VIEW FACING NORTHWEST - CAMP H.M. SMITH AND NAVY PUBLIC WORKS CENTER MANANA TITLE VII (CAPEHART) HOUSING, M-SHAPED FOUR-BEDROOM DUPLEX TYPE 5, Birch Circle, Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

178

19. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, PELTON WATER TURBINE AND FLYBALL GOVERNOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, PELTON WATER TURBINE AND FLYBALL GOVERNOR DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO 7 KW AC GENERATOR (ON RIGHT), 125 VOLTS, 56 AMPS. INSTALLED IN 1926, STILL IN USE FOR OUTSIDE LIGHTING. - Death Valley Ranch, Power House, Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

179

40. May 1985. DETAIL, SOUTHEAST CORNER OF DINING ROOM (Sideboard ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

40. May 1985. DETAIL, SOUTHEAST CORNER OF DINING ROOM (Sideboard doors still bear bayonet holes made by Union Army troops during a Civil War raid) - Borough House, West Side State Route 261, about .1 mile south side of junction with old Garners Ferry Road, Stateburg, Sumter County, SC

180

13. CELLAR, UNDER MAIN MEETING ROOM, LOOKING NORTH. The 1909 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. CELLAR, UNDER MAIN MEETING ROOM, LOOKING NORTH. The 1909 hot air furnace with brick wall enclosure of possibly earlier origin. A hot air system of two furnaces was installed with ventilating ducts in the east end in 1852. There was a hot air system in the west end without ventilating ducts. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

181

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE DINING ROOM. NOTE THE PLATE RAIL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE DINING ROOM. NOTE THE PLATE RAIL ABOVE THE DOOR CASINGS AND THE BUILT-IN CHINA CABINET WITH DOUBLE DOORS WITH NARROW LIGHTS AND DIVIDED TOP LIGHTS. VIEW FACING SOUTH. - Hickam Field, Fort Kamehameha Officers' Housing Type Z, 19 Worchester Avenue, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

182

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE DINING ROOM. NOTE THE LEADED TOP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE DINING ROOM. NOTE THE LEADED TOP LIGHTS IN THE DOUBLE-HUNG WINDOWS. DOOR TO THE PANTRY IS IN THE BACKGROUND. VIEW FACING EAST. - Hickam Field, Fort Kamehameha Officers' Housing Type Y, 27 Worchester Avenue, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

183

5. FIRST FLOOR FRONT ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. FIRST FLOOR FRONT ROOM. SECOND FLOOR HAS BEEN REMOVED-- NOTE PRESENCE OF SECOND FLOOR WINDOWS (THE LATTER FLOOR WAS REMOVED MANY YEARS AGO), See also PA-1436 B-12 - Kid-Physick House, 325 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

184

143. CEILING OF MUSIC ROOM, NORTH OF CENTRAL CHANDELIERVERTICAL VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

143. CEILING OF MUSIC ROOM, NORTH OF CENTRAL CHANDELIER--VERTICAL VIEW Copy photograph of photogrammetric plate LC-HABS-GS05-B-1977-410R. - Villard Houses, 451-457 Madison Avenue & 24 East Fifty-first Street, New York, New York County, NY

185

INTERIOR VIEW OF DEBITEUSE ROOM. MONORAIL USED TO MOVE DEBIS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF DEBITEUSE ROOM. MONORAIL USED TO MOVE DEBIS IS FROM ORIGINAL CLAY HOUSE. VIEW SHOWS WORKER USING AIR HAMMER TO BEGIN FINISH ON DEBI. - Chambers-McKee Window Glass Company, Debiteuse, Clay Avenue Extension, Jeannette, Westmoreland County, PA

186

47. INTERIOR VIEW, DINING ROOM LOCATED AT THE SOUTHEAST CORNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

47. INTERIOR VIEW, DINING ROOM LOCATED AT THE SOUTHEAST CORNER OF THE HOUSE ON THE FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING TO THE FIREPLACE IN THE EAST WALL (DUPLICATE OF HABS No. AL-424-33) - Arlington Place, 331 Cotton Avenue, Southwest, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

187

INTERIOR VIEW OF TANK CHARGING ROOM ON LEVEL 4; NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF TANK CHARGING ROOM ON LEVEL 4; NOTE HERRINGBONE-PATTERNED BRICK FLOOR; TIMBER SUBSTRUCTURE CARRIED CRANE USED TO REMOVE HEAVY TANK COVERS; WINDOWS IN ROOFTOP MONITOR PROVIDED AMPLE NATURAL LIGHT - Rath Packing Company, Inedible Tank House, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

188

Clean Room Wiping Cloths.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The suitability of various fabrics for use as clean room wiping cloths was investigated. These fabrics included knit polyester, knit nylon, urethane foam, woven cotton, nonwoven polyester, nonwoven rayon, nonwoven polyethylene and polypropylene, and woven...

W. B. Harding

1981-01-01

189

Men's toilet (room 207, representing rooms 306, 406, and 506; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Men's toilet (room 207, representing rooms 306, 406, and 506; also women's toilets, rooms 102, 104, 204, 204A, 303, 403, and 503), looking north. - California State Office Building No. 1, 915 Capitol Mall, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

190

14. Interior. Balance room for chemistry laboratory. Storage room for ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Interior. Balance room for chemistry laboratory. Storage room for glassware and reference room with frequently used chemistry and chemical engineering texts. - Thomas A. Edison Laboratories, Building No. 2, West Orange, Essex County, NJ

191

8. Interior. Balance room for chemistry laboratory. Storage room for ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Interior. Balance room for chemistry laboratory. Storage room for glassware and reference room with frequently used chemistry and chemical engineering texts. - Thomas A. Edison Laboratories, Building No. 2, West Orange, Essex County, NJ

192

Central room (delivery room on plan) between the east and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Central room (delivery room on plan) between the east and west reading rooms, showing built-in card catalog drawers. View to south. - Sacramento Junior College, Library, 3835 Freeport Boulevard, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

193

Behavioral Assessment of Intermittent Wheel Running and Individual Housing in Mice in the Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical cage enrichment—exercise devices for rodents in the laboratory—often in- cludes running wheels. This study compared responses of mice in enriched physical and social conditions and in standard social conditions to wheel running, individual housing, and open-field test. The study divided into 6 groups, 48 female BALB\\/c mice group housed in enriched and standard conditions. On alternate days, the study

Therese M. Pham; Stefan Brené; Vera Baumans

194

91. LOCKS CONTROL HOUSE & CRANE MACHINERY HOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

91. LOCKS -- CONTROL HOUSE & CRANE MACHINERY HOUSE -- UPPER WEST WALL-- PLANS, ELEVATIONS, SECTIONS & VENT PLAN M-L 27 70/19. Lock and Dam No. 27 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 27, Granite City, Madison County, IL

195

Student-Initiated Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a report that describes housing where student groups lease, purchase, or even develop their own living quarters. Considers the birth of the movement, federal student housing programs, and a view to future programs. (Author/DN)

Feild, Robert M.

1973-01-01

196

Healthy Housing Inspection Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Healthy Housing Inspection Manual completes the foundation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Healthy Homes Initiative. The manual reflects the ongoing commitment of both CDC and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Develo...

2008-01-01

197

Performance evaluation of the Balcomb solar house  

SciTech Connect

Additional instrumentation was added to the Balcomb solar house for a six-week period and up to 85 channels were recorded hourly. Some new findings based on an evaluation of these data are presented. (1) The thermal comfort characteristics of four rooms are documented. (2) Relative humidity in the living room varies from 30 to 50%; these data are used to infer an evaporation rate in the house of about 25 kg of water/day. The evaporation rate correlates reasonably well with greenhouse temperature. (3) Heat storage in the greenhouse floor is estimated at about 0.30 kWh/day-m/sup 2/ based on temperatures measured at four depths. (4) Several thermal characteristics of the rock bed are deduced but it is evident that the heat flow is not yet completely understood.

Balcomb, J.D.; Hedstrom, J.C.; Perry, J.E. Jr.

1980-01-01

198

Guinea-zilla? World's largest rodent  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Roughly the size of a buffalo, a giant rodent that roamed the banks of an ancient Venezuelan river some 8 million years ago, dining on sea grass and dodging crocodiles, was an evolutionary sibling to modern-day guinea pigs.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS;)

2008-07-03

199

Rodent phylogeny revised: analysis of six nuclear genes from all major rodent clades  

PubMed Central

Background Rodentia is the most diverse order of placental mammals, with extant rodent species representing about half of all placental diversity. In spite of many morphological and molecular studies, the family-level relationships among rodents and the location of the rodent root are still debated. Although various datasets have already been analyzed to solve rodent phylogeny at the family level, these are difficult to combine because they involve different taxa and genes. Results We present here the largest protein-coding dataset used to study rodent relationships. It comprises six nuclear genes, 41 rodent species, and eight outgroups. Our phylogenetic reconstructions strongly support the division of Rodentia into three clades: (1) a "squirrel-related clade", (2) a "mouse-related clade", and (3) Ctenohystrica. Almost all evolutionary relationships within these clades are also highly supported. The primary remaining uncertainty is the position of the root. The application of various models and techniques aimed to remove non-phylogenetic signal was unable to solve the basal rodent trifurcation. Conclusion Sequencing and analyzing a large sequence dataset enabled us to resolve most of the evolutionary relationships among Rodentia. Our findings suggest that the uncertainty regarding the position of the rodent root reflects the rapid rodent radiation that occurred in the Paleocene rather than the presence of conflicting phylogenetic and non-phylogenetic signals in the dataset.

Blanga-Kanfi, Shani; Miranda, Hector; Penn, Osnat; Pupko, Tal; DeBry, Ronald W; Huchon, Dorothee

2009-01-01

200

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

1992-01-01

201

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member. 3 figs.

Duncan, D.B.

1992-12-29

202

Universal Design in Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universal design in housing is a growing and beneficial concept. It is subtle in its differences from barrier-free, accessible, and industry standard housing. Accessibility standards and codes have not mandated universal design and do not apply to most housing. Universal design exceeds their minimum specifications for accessible design and results in homes that are usable by and marketable to almost

Ronald L. Mace

1998-01-01

203

Modeling panic disorder in rodents.  

PubMed

Panic disorder (PD) is a subtype of anxiety disorder in which the core phenomenon is the spontaneous occurrence of panic attacks. Although studies with laboratory animals have been instrumental for the understanding of its neurobiology and treatment, few review articles have focused on the validity of the currently used animal models for studying this psychopathology. Therefore, the aim of the present paper is to discuss the strengths and limits of these models in terms of face, construct and predictive validity. Based on the hypothesis that panic attacks are related to defensive responses elicited by proximal threat, most animal models measure the escape responses induced by specific stimuli. Some apply electrical or chemical stimulation to brain regions proposed to modulate fear and panic responses, such as the dorsal periaqueductal grey or the medial hypothalamus. Other models focus on the behavioural consequences caused by the exposure of rodents to ultrasound or natural predators. Finally, the elevated T-maze associates a one-way escape response from an open arm with panic attacks. Despite some limitations, animal models are essential for a better understanding of the neurobiology and pharmacology of PD and for discovering more effective treatments. PMID:23584609

Moreira, Fabrício A; Gobira, Pedro H; Viana, Thércia G; Vicente, Maria A; Zangrossi, Hélio; Graeff, Frederico G

2013-04-13

204

Room to Grow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author explores and weighs all the options in choosing furniture for student housing. The first step in acquiring or upgrading residence hall furniture is to research. The Internet and colleagues on campus or at other institutions are options for gathering information. After researching product choices, administrators need to…

Blankenbaker, Lauren

2007-01-01

205

Room at the Bottom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retail bookstore and offices for the University of Minnesota's admissions and records department are housed in Williamson Hall. Some 95 percent of the floor area lies below grade; however, window arrangement permits a view of the outdoors or sunlight from almost every part of the building. (Author/MLF)

Building Design and Construction, 1977

1977-01-01

206

Room at the Bottom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A retail bookstore and offices for the University of Minnesota's admissions and records department are housed in Williamson Hall. Some 95 percent of the floor area lies below grade; however, window arrangement permits a view of the outdoors or sunlight from almost every part of the building. (Author/MLF)|

Building Design and Construction, 1977

1977-01-01

207

Hypothermia versus torpor in response to cold stress in the native Australian mouse Pseudomys hermannsburgensis and the introduced house mouse Mus musculus.  

PubMed

This study compared torpor as a response to food deprivation and low ambient temperature for the introduced house mouse (Mus musculus) and the Australian endemic sandy inland mouse (Pseudomys hermannsburgensis). The house mouse (mass 13.0+/-0.48 g) had a normothermic body temperature of 34.0+/-0.20 degrees C at ambient temperatures from 5 degrees C to 30 degrees C and a basal metabolic rate at 30 degrees C of 2.29+/-0.07 mL O2 g(-1) h(-1). It used torpor with spontaneous arousal at low ambient temperatures; body temperature during torpor was 20.5+/-3.30 degrees C at 15 degrees C. The sandy inland mouse (mass 11.7+/-0.16 g) had a normothermic T(b) of 33.0+/-0.38 degrees C between T(a) of 5 degrees C to 30 degrees C, and a BMR of 1.45+/-0.26 mL O2 g(-1) h(-1) at 30 degrees C. They became hypothermic at low T(a) (T(b) about 17.3 degrees C at T(a)=15 degrees C), but did not spontaneously arouse. They did, however, survive and become normothermic if returned to room temperature (23 degrees C). We conclude that this is hypothermia, not torpor. Consequently, house mice (Subfamily Murinae) appear to use torpor as an energy conservation strategy whereas sandy inland mice (Subfamily Conilurinae) do not, but can survive hypothermia. This may reflect a general phylogenetic pattern of metabolic reduction in rodents. On the other hand, this may be related to differences in the social structure of house mice (solitary) and sandy inland mice (communal). PMID:17826203

Tomlinson, Sean; Withers, Philip C; Cooper, Christine

2007-08-16

208

Continuing Housing Element, Attalla, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication is a continuation of the Initial Minimum Housing Element for the City of Attalla published in June 1970. This Continuing Housing Element reviews the past housing element and re-evaluates the housing situation in Attalla. (Author)

1971-01-01

209

Social Housing Policy in Belgium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses the aspects of public housing with emphasis on encouraging low-income groups to buy houses, building more houses for middle income groups, instituting a national housing fund, fighting against slums.

1970-01-01

210

Effects of Space Flight Conditions on the Function of the Immune System and Catecholamine Production Simulated in a Rodent Model of Hindlimb Unloading  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rodent model of hindlimb unloading has been successfully used to simulate some of the effects of space flight conditions. Previous studies have indicated that mice exposed to hindlimb-unloading conditions have decreased resistance to infections compared to restrained and normally housed control mice. Objective: The purpose of this study was to clarify the mechanisms involved in resistance to infection in

Hernan Aviles; Tesfaye Belay; Monique Vance; Gerald Sonnenfeld

2005-01-01

211

An experimental study of the impacts of understorey forest vegetation and herbivory by red deer and rodents on seedling establishment and species composition in Waitutu Forest, New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduced mammalian herbivores are changing the structure and composition of New Zealand's forest ecosystems and may modify forest succession after natural disturbances. We studied how introduced ungulates (red deer and feral pigs) and rodents (rats and house mice) affected the rate of recovery (i.e. the engineering resilience) of the forest understorey following artificial disturbance. We imposed disturbances by clearing understorey

Deborah J. Wilson; Wendy A. Ruscoe; Larry E. Burrows; Lisa M. McElrea; David Choquenot

212

Housing Dynamics: Theory Behind Empirics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct a two-sector optimal growth model of housing where housing is produced by both land and housing structure\\/household durables. We explicitly model locational choice. Housing services derive positive utility but are decayed away from the city center. Our model enables a full characterization of the dynamic paths of housing stocks as well as housing and land prices. The model

Ping Wang; Danyang Xie

213

[Residence quality of thatched houses from the viewpoint of thermal sanitation].  

PubMed

For the people who live in cold region, residence quality is especially important to their health, not only from economical aspects such as heating costs in the winter, but also thermal sanitation. Thatched houses are not rare in the district areas. From the climatic or historical implication, old thatched houses are recently improved or rebuilt and people intend to use them. That is, improvements are carried out on such old houses, and the good points are utilized, and reconstruction undertaken, and the example of presenting the house adaptation is also mainly observed. In this study, the thermal sanitation of the indoor environment in the winter was mainly examined on the cases of thatched houses near Fukushima City. The thatched houses used as research objects, are over 100 years after construction and they were previously used as sericulture farmhouses. A temperature and humidity collector and an automatic recording thermo-hygrometer were used in the measurement of the air temperature and humidity. This study was carried out in winter, February and March. The temperature was considerably different according to various parts of the rooms and time, and the air temperature near the ceiling was higher generally than the lower parts of room, near the floor. In the research of the housing where large-scale reconstruction was made, the room temperatures of the living room and kitchen were comparatively high at the time when they were used. In the meantime, room temperatures in the washroom, bedroom, etc. were generally low, showing a changing pattern, which was almost parallel to the change of the outside ambient temperature. In the research of the housing where ceilings had been added and the hearth, etc. had been improved; the room temperatures of most rooms were the lowest in early the morning. The room temperature of the living room rose in the morning and evening where the family gathered, and it was especially higher in the evening, showing air temperature from 12 degrees C to 18 degrees C. In the bedrooms, which did not use heating appliances such as oil heaters etc., the room temperature was generally low. In the present study, the room temperature of the living room was comparatively high and that of the bedrooms and lavatories in houses with inadequate heating system was low. Even if reconstruction or improvement of old houses is made, the thermal indoor condition is not sufficient. Consideration of thermal facilities of floor heating, etc. is necessary with the air-tightness of houses following reconstruction. PMID:10981183

Tanaka, M; Takahashi, H; Nakamura, K

2000-07-01

214

Excavation for Conference Room  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This photo shows workers completing the excavation at the site for the conference room in the new Audubon NWR Headquarters. This project, funded by the Recovery Act, will allow the Refuge to replace the current headquarters and visitor facility, which is approximately 52 years old and has had four a...

2009-09-16

215

Rooms with a View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When well-designed and integrated into a campus living or learning space, an atrium can function as the heart and spirit of a building, connecting interior rooms and public spaces with the outside environment. However, schools and universities should seek technological and HVAC solutions that maximize energy efficiency. This article discusses how…

Hourihan, Peter; Berry, Millard, III

2006-01-01

216

Clean room wiping cloths  

SciTech Connect

The function and construction of wiping cloths offered for use in clean rooms are discussed, and the reasons for selecting knit, filamentary, polyester cloths are given. The generally used methods for testing wipers for particulate contamination are described and evaluated. A simple screening test is described and results are presented of using the test on several commercial wipers. The additional work needed is stated.

Harding, W.B.

1993-04-01

217

Comparison of two PCR protocols for the detection of Neospora caninum DNA in rodents.  

PubMed

The objective of the present study was, due to increasing interest in the epidemiological role of small mammals as potential reservoir of Neospora caninum, to compare two different PCR protocols for the diagnosis of N. caninum in rodents. We tested tissue samples from 50 house mice (Mus musculus), 50 rats (Rattus norvegicus) and 35 field mice (Apodemus sylvaticus). Two different PCR protocols based on primer pairs, Np4-Np7 and Np6plus-Np21plus, were used for diagnosis on these samples. While there were not mismatches between the results of both PCR from rats or field mice, 49 out of 50 samples from house mice gave positive results with Np4-Np7 primer set. However after cloning and sequencing the PCR products, only six of these were confirmed to be N. caninum, while all the other 43 amplicons matched with house mice DNA sequence from clone RP23-14F5 on chromosome 11 sequence. Our results evidence that Np4-Np7 PCR could not be reliable in diagnosis of N. caninum in rodents. PMID:19036521

Romano, A; Trisciuoglio, A; Grande, D; Ferroglio, E

2008-10-11

218

House Calls in Utah  

PubMed Central

To learn the criteria Utah physicians use in making or not making house calls and their specialty, age and frequency of calls, a random sample of half of Utah's physicians in family practice, general practice and general medicine was surveyed. Of 225 respondents, 70% reported making house calls at an average rate of 2.6 per month. More family practitioners made house calls than did internists; older physicians made more house calls than their younger counterparts. An estimated 82% of the calls were for patients aged 65 years and older. The most frequently stated reasons for making house calls were that patients were homebound and to assess the family or home situation. Reasons given for not making house calls were inefficient use of time and lack of equipment or necessary facilities.

Schueler, Mark S.; Harris, Dona L.; Goodenough, Gerald K.; Collette, Linda

1987-01-01

219

Binaural room simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research in binaural and spatial hearing is of particular interest to the Air Force. Applications in cockpit communication, target recognition, and aircraft navigation are being explored. Human auditory localization cues are examined and a mathematical model for the transfer function of a sound signal traveling from an isotropic point source through a rectangular room to both ears of a listener is developed. Using this model as a guide, non-head coupled binaural sound signals are generated in a binaural room simulation. Reflection and attenuation cues included in the computer generated signals are varied in order to determine which cues enhance the listener's degree of extracranialization. Results of this research indicate that the addition of three or more attenuated reflections into a non-head coupled binaural signal provide the listener with a binaural sound that is localized extracranially.

Smith, Brian A.

1993-12-01

220

US Housing Market Conditions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has made available the full text of this periodical publication. US Housing Market Conditions is a quarterly publication that contains national and regional housing information, as well as historical data tables. Issues from the 1st two quarters of 1997 are available in HTML format, while previous issues are available in text and .pdf formats. Older tables are available in .pdf format only.

1998-01-01

221

Modelling regional house prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a panel model for regional house prices, for which both the cross-section and the time series dimension is large. The model allows for stochastic trends, cointegration, cross-equation correlations and, most importantly, latent-class clustering of regions. Class membership is fully data-driven and based on the average growth rates of house prices, and the relationship of house prices with economic

Bram van Dijk; Philip Hans Franses; Richard Paap; Dick van Dijk

2011-01-01

222

Public Housing - Appreciating Assets?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of HDB housing is one that is close to the hearts and minds of the majority of Singaporeans. The first part of the presentation will provide a brief overview of price trends in Singapore’s housing sector.\\u000aThe second part delves into the market and policy factors behind the rapid increase in HDB housing prices since 2006. The monograph

Sock Yong PHANG

2012-01-01

223

Clean room wiping cloths  

SciTech Connect

The suitability of various fabrics for use as clean room wiping cloths was investigated. These fabrics included knit polyester, knit nylon, urethane foam, woven cotton, nonwoven polyester, nonwoven rayon, nonwoven polyethylene and polypropylene, and woven nylon. These materials were tested for detachable lint and fibers, deterioration, and oil content which could leave contaminating films on wiped surfaces. Well-laundered nylon and polyester cloths knitted from filamentary yarn, with hems, were found to be suitable. (LCL)

Harding, W.B.

1981-01-01

224

CEBAF Control Room Renovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facility’s 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display

Michael Spata; T. Oren; A. Cuffe; H. Fanning

2005-01-01

225

The MAM rodent model of schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Rodent models of human disease are essential to obtain a better understanding of disease pathology, the mechanism of action underlying conventional treatments, as well as for the generation of novel therapeutic approaches. There are a number of rodent models of schizophrenia based on either genetic manipulations, acute or sub-chronic drug administration, or developmental disturbances. The prenatal methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM) rodent model is a developmental disruption model gaining increased attention because it displays a number of histological, neurophysiological, and behavioral deficits analogous to those observed in schizophrenia patients. This unit describes the procedures required to safely induce the MAM phenotype in rats. In addition, we describe a simple behavioral procedure, amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion, which can be utilized to verify the MAM phenotype. PMID:23559309

Lodge, Daniel J

2013-01-01

226

[Virtual room of gastroenterology].  

PubMed

The amount of published information and its continuing growth can no longer be managed by an individual searcher. One of today's great challenges for the academic researcher and clinician is to find a relevant scientific article using bibliographic search strategies. We aimed to design and build a Virtual Room of Gastroenterology (VRG) generating real-time automated search strategies and producing bibliographic and full text search results. These results update and complement with the latest evidence the Clinical Guideline Program of the World Gastroenterology Organisation. The HTML driven interface provides a series of pre-formulated MeSH based search strategies for each Aula. For each topic between 10 and 20 specific terms, qualifiers and subheadings are identified. The functionality of the VRG is based on the PubMed's characteristic that allows a search strategy to be captured as a web address. The VRG is available in Spanish and English, and the access is free. There are 28 rooms currently available. All together these rooms provide an advanced bibliographic access using more than 900 pre-programmed MeSH driven strategies. In a further very recent development some of the topics of VRG now allow cascade based searches. These searches look at resource sensitive options and possible ethnic difference per topic. The VRG allows significant reductions in time required to design and carry out complex bibliographic searches in the areas of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy. The system updates automatically in real-time thus ensuring the currency of the results. PMID:21381412

Spinelli, Osvaldo Mateo; Fittipaldi, Mónica Elsa; Henderson, Eduardo; Krabshuis, Justus Hendrik

2010-12-01

227

4. View of houses from Port Ludlow, houses no. 69 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. View of houses from Port Ludlow, houses no. 69 and 70, facing southwest. House no. 69 in foreground, house no. 70 in background. - Houses Moved from Port Ludlow, Various Addresses (moved from Port Ludlow, WA), Port Gamble, Kitsap County, WA

228

The Influence of Reference Group House Size on House Price  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the effect of a change in housing consumption of various reference groups on predicted own house price. I employ a spatial autoregressive model and find that an increase in average house size of the eight nearest neighbors and the largest houses in the district has a negative effect on predicted house price, whereas the effect of an

Susane Leguizamon

2010-01-01

229

Supreme Court Room (room 573), looking westsouthwest (bearing 250). Not ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Supreme Court Room (room 573), looking west-southwest (bearing 250). Not that missing scones are to be returned and presently obscured ceiling is proposed for restoration. - California State Library & Courts Building, 914 Capitol Mall, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

230

8. CONTROL AND EQUIPMENT ROOM INTERIOR. MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT ROOM AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. CONTROL AND EQUIPMENT ROOM INTERIOR. MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT ROOM AT RIGHT AND ENTRANCE AT LEFT. Looking east. - Edwards Air Force Base, South Base Sled Track, Firing Control Blockhouse, South of Sled Track at east end, Lancaster, Los Angeles County, CA

231

10. INTERIOR VIEW OF MAIN ROOM, NOTE PARTITION DIVIDING ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. INTERIOR VIEW OF MAIN ROOM, NOTE PARTITION DIVIDING ROOM INTO MALE AND FEMALE SECTIONS, AND LOG FLOOR JOISTS - Society of Friends Meetinghouse, Schoosett Street (Routes 139 & 53), North Pembroke, Plymouth County, MA

232

11. INTERIOR VIEW OF MAIN ROOM, NOTE PARTITION DIVIDING ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. INTERIOR VIEW OF MAIN ROOM, NOTE PARTITION DIVIDING ROOM INTO MALE AND FEMALE SECTIONS, AND LOG FLOOR JOISTS, VERTICAL VIEW - Society of Friends Meetinghouse, Schoosett Street (Routes 139 & 53), North Pembroke, Plymouth County, MA

233

1. Interior. Storage room for glassware and reference room with ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Interior. Storage room for glassware and reference room with frequently-used chemistry and chemical engineering texts. - Thomas A. Edison Laboratories, Building No. 2, West Orange, Essex County, NJ

234

13. Interior view of conference room looking into break room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Interior view of conference room looking into break room beyond; along west side of upper level; view to southwest. - Ellsworth Air Force Base, Mess Hall & Administration Building, 1301 Ellsworth Street, Blackhawk, Meade County, SD

235

8. GROUND FLOOR, NORTH ROOM, NORTH WALL, VIEW OF ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. GROUND FLOOR, NORTH ROOM, NORTH WALL, VIEW OF ROOM LOOKING TOWARDS FIREPLACE, SHOWING PROJECTING CHIMNEY, WINDOW EMBRASURES ON EITHER SIDE AND PANELING - Ocean Hall, Bushwood, St. Mary's County, MD

236

7. October 1969 SOUTHWEST ROOM, FIRST FLOOR, 'CAPTAINS' ROOM' (Note: ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. October 1969 SOUTHWEST ROOM, FIRST FLOOR, 'CAPTAINS' ROOM' (Note: Furnace has replaced pot-bellied stove, cribbage board on table) - William Rotch Warehouse, Main & South Water Streets, Nantucket, Nantucket County, MA

237

Console Room, looking southwesterly into Highbay Generator Room Beale ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Console Room, looking southwesterly into Highbay Generator Room - Beale Air Force Base, Perimeter Acquisition Vehicle Entry Phased-Array Warning System, Power Plant, End of Spencer Paul Road, north of Warren Shingle Road (14th Street), Marysville, Yuba County, CA

238

21. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #200, electrical equipment room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #200, electrical equipment room - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

239

24. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #203, communications room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #203, communications room - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

240

34. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #325, tape handler room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #325, tape handler room - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

241

23. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #202, mechanical equipment room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #202, mechanical equipment room no. 2 - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

242

Understanding arid environments using fossil rodent middens  

USGS Publications Warehouse

American rodent middens have made a more dramatic contribution to understanding past environments and the development of ecological theory than Australian rodent middens. This relates to differences in the natural environment, the landscape histories, the scale and scientific approaches of the researchers. The comparison demonstrates: the power of synoptic perspectives; the value of thorough macrofossil identification in midden analysis and its potential advance in Australia where pollen has dominated analyses, the value of herbaria and reference collections; the potential of environmental databases; the importance of scientific history and 'critical research mass' and; finally, the opportunistic nature of palaeoecological research. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Pearson, S.; Betancourt, J. L.

2002-01-01

243

Within-room and within-building temporal and spatial variations in concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in indoor dust.  

PubMed

Within-house and within-room spatial temporal variability in PBDE contamination of indoor dust may influence substantially the reliability of human exposure assessments based on single point samples, but have hitherto been little studied. This paper reports concentrations of PBDEs 17, 28, 47, 49, 66, 85, 99, 100, 153, and 154 in indoor dust samples (n=112) from two houses in Birmingham, UK. To evaluate within-house spatial variability, four separate rooms were sampled in house 1 and two separate rooms sampled in house 2. Up to four different 1 m² areas in the same room were sampled to evaluate within-room spatial variability, and for all studied areas, samples were taken for eight consecutive months to evaluate temporal and seasonal variability. Concentrations of ?PBDEs in individual samples from house 1 varied between 21 and 280 ng g?¹; while the range of concentrations in house 2 was 20-1000 ng g?¹. This indicates that where and when a sample is taken in a house can influence substantially the contamination detected. In one room, concentrations of PBDEs in an area located close to putative PBDE sources exceeded substantially those in an area 2m away, with marked differences also observed between two areas in another room. Substantial within-room spatial differences in PBDE concentrations were not discernible in the other rooms studied. Concentrations of PBDEs in the majority of rooms within the same houses were not markedly different between rooms. Nevertheless, large differences were observed between PBDE concentrations detected in two rooms in the same house in both houses studied. In one instance, this is hypothesised to be attributable to the presence of a carpet in one room and bare wooden floor in another, but firm conclusions cannot be drawn. Within-room temporal (month-to-month) variability was substantial (relative standard deviations for ?PBDEs=15-200%). In some rooms, the introduction and removal of putative sources like a TV and a bed, appeared to exert a discernible influence on PBDE concentrations. PBDE concentrations in spring and summer were not markedly different from those observed in autumn and winter. Possible dilution of PBDE concentrations in dust at higher dust loadings (g dust per m² floor surface) was investigated in a small number of rooms, but no firm evidence of such dilution was evident. PMID:22732214

Muenhor, Dudsadee; Harrad, Stuart

2012-06-23

244

Population cycles in small rodents.  

PubMed

We conclude that population fluctuations in Microtus in southern Indiana are produced by a syndrome of changes in birth and death rates similar to that found in other species of voles and lemmings. The mechanisms which cause the changes in birth and death rates are demolished by fencing the population so that no dispersal can occur. Dispersal thus seems critical for population regulation in Microtus. Because most dispersal occurs during the increase phase of the population cycle and there is little dispersal during the decline phase, dispersal is not directly related to population density. Hence the quality of dispersing animals must be important, and we have found one case of increased dispersal tendency by one genotype. The failure of population regulation of Microtus in enclosed areas requires an explanation by any hypothesis attempting to explain population cycles in small rodents. It might be suggested that the fence changed the predation pressure on the enclosed populations. However, the fence was only 2 feet (0.6 meter) high and did not stop the entrance of foxes, weasels, shrews, or avian predators. A striking feature was that the habitat in the enclosures quickly recovered from complete devastation by the start of the spring growing season. Obviously the habitat and food quality were sufficient to support Microtus populations of abnormally high densities, and recovery of the habitat was sufficiently quick that the introduction of new animals to these enclosed areas resulted in another population explosion. Finally, hypotheses of population regulation by social stress must account for the finding that Microtus can exist at densities several times greater than normal without "stress" taking an obvious toll. We hypothesize that the prevention of dispersal changes the quality of the populations in the enclosures in comparison to those outside the fence. Voles forced to remain in an overcrowded fenced population do not suffer high mortality rates and continue to reproduce at abnormally high densities until starvation overtakes them. The initial behavioral interactions associated with crowding do not seem sufficient to cause voles to die in situ. What happens to animals during the population decline? Our studies have not answered this question. The animals did not appear to disperse, but it is possible that the method we used to measure dispersal (movement into a vacant habitat) missed a large segment of dispersing voles which did not remain in the vacant area but kept on moving. Perhaps the dispersal during the increase phase of the population cycle is a colonization type of dispersal, and the animals taking part in it are likely to stay in a new habitat, while during the population decline dispersal is a pathological response to high density, and the animals are not attracted to settling even in a vacant habitat. The alternative to this suggestion is that animals are dying in situ during the decline because of physiological or genetically determined behavioral stress. Thus the fencing of a population prevents the change in rates of survival and reproduction, from high rates in the increase phase to low rates in the decline phase, and the fenced populations resemble "mouse plagues." A possible explanation is that the differential dispersal of animals during the phase of increase causes the quality of the voles remaining at peak densities in wild populations to be different from the quality of voles at much higher densities in enclosures. Increased sensitivity to density in Microtus could cause the decline of wild populations at densities lower than those reached by fenced populations in which selection through dispersal has been prevented. Fencing might also alter the social interactions among Microtus in other ways that are not understood. The analysis of colonizing species by MacArthur and Wilson (27) can be applied to our studies of dispersal in populations of Microtus. Groups of organisms with good dispersal and colonizing ability are called r strategists because they have high reproductive po

Krebs, C J; Gaines, M S; Keller, B L; Myers, J H; Tamarin, R H

1973-01-01

245

45. 1915 CLOTH ROOM ADJACENT TO PICKER ROOM, SECOND FLOOR, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

45. 1915 CLOTH ROOM ADJACENT TO PICKER ROOM, SECOND FLOOR, NORTH END OF MILL NO. 2, WALL ON LEFT DIVIDING CLOTH ROOM ADDED LATER (PROBABLY C. 1970s). - Prattville Manufacturing Company, Number One, 242 South Court Street, Prattville, Autauga County, AL

246

Commander's conference room (room 202), closet and hallway to bathroom ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Commander's conference room (room 202), closet and hallway to bathroom and bedroom, leading to conference room 211. Viewing windows look down on the display area. View to north - March Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command, Combat Operations Center, 5220 Riverside Drive, Moreno Valley, Riverside County, CA

247

9. ELEVATIONS OF ROOM 'A' (SOUTH END), ROOM 'C' (NORTH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. ELEVATIONS OF ROOM 'A' (SOUTH END), ROOM 'C' (NORTH END), ROOM 'D' (NORTH END), AND STAIR WELL (SOUTH WALL); SECTIONS OF SHELF AND SIDE LINING OF CUPBOARDS AND OF DOOR JAMB - Wakefield, State Route 204, Wakefield Corner, Westmoreland County, VA

248

Prototype Solar House. Study of the Scientific Evaluation and Feasibility of a Research and Development Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A preliminary study was undertaken before a large scale project for construction and survey of about a hundred solar houses was launched. The notion of solar house was defined and the use of solar energy (hot water preparation, heating of rooms, heating o...

V. Bundschuh J. W. Grueter M. Kleemann M. Melis H. J. Stein

1982-01-01

249

Animal Room Log.xls  

Cancer.gov

ANIMAL ROOM LOG Room Number: __________ Cage Type Death Cause C = Auto Water EU = Euthanized NOTES: B = Water Bottle FD = Found Dead S = SMZ DR = Drowned M = Microisolator MI = Missing TO = Transfer Out DEATH CAUSE STRAIN CODE GROUP NAME # ? # ? COMMENTS

250

3. View of housing for married workers, houses no. 56 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. View of housing for married workers, houses no. 56 and 57, facing southwest from intersection of Pope Street and Teekalet Avenue. - Houses for Married Workers, Along Kitsap Avenue & Pope Street, Port Gamble, Kitsap County, WA

251

Housing for Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that housing administrators must develop close cooperation with their institution's graduate school, be sensitive to the needs of international graduate students, and engage in thoughtful deliberation about issues related to domestic partners, health care, spouses, and children. Profiles housing's mission and philosophy, organizational…

Mielke, Patricia L.; Schuh, John H.

1995-01-01

252

Research shortcomings in housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2008 Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) Research Symposium was devoted to housing. Entitled ‘Space at Home’ and aiming to present the latest research for practising architects, it was extremely well attended, particularly by practitioners, and the programme interspersed contributions from housing researchers in industry and academia with ‘show and tell’ presentations by distinguished architects from the UK and

Mark Swenarton

2009-01-01

253

Multiple pump housing  

DOEpatents

A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott, Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

2010-03-23

254

Initial Housing Element.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information contained in this document is directed toward promoting an awareness of the urgent housing and housing-related issues in the State of Maryland. Identification of specific problems and obstacles provide a basis from which a set of objectives fo...

1969-01-01

255

Ndebele Inspired Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The house paintings of the South African Ndebele people are more than just an attempt to improve the aesthetics of a community; they are a source of identity and significance for Ndebele women. In this article, the author describes an art project wherein students use the tradition of Ndebele house painting as inspiration for creating their own…

Rice, Nicole

2012-01-01

256

Europe's Housing Squeeze Puts Students in Tight Spots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Affordable housing is an elusive commodity for students in Paris and much of the rest of Europe. Many European universities are in cities where property values have soared in recent years--along with higher-education enrollment figures and the number of students vying for rooms. Few of the universities have dormitories, and students are left…

Labi, Aisha

2008-01-01

257

VIEW OF BUILDING 778 LOOKING WESTSOUTHWEST. BUILDING 778 HOUSED LAUNDRY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF BUILDING 778 LOOKING WEST-SOUTHWEST. BUILDING 778 HOUSED LAUNDRY FACILITIES, SHOWERS, LOCKER ROOMS, SANITARY FACILITIES, AN ELECTRIC SHOP, MACHINE SHOP, SHEET METAL SHOP, AND INERT GAS STORAGE. (12/7/90) - Rocky Flats Plant, Laundry Facility, Northeast quad of Plant between buildings 776/777 & 707, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

258

11. BUOY DECK, NEAR PILOT HOUSE SUPERSTRUCTURE, LOOKING TOWARDS HATCH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. BUOY DECK, NEAR PILOT HOUSE SUPERSTRUCTURE, LOOKING TOWARDS HATCH DOOR INTO WINCH ROOM IN THE SUPERSTRUCTURE (LABELED AS FASSAGE & HYDRAULIC MACHINERY ON PLAN), SHOWING UNDERSIDE OF GEARED WHEEL OF BOOM. - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter WHITE LUPINE, U.S. Coast Guard Station Rockland, east end of Tillson Avenue, Rockland, Knox County, ME

259

32. INTERIOR BOILER HOUSE Above the two furnaces, one ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. INTERIOR - BOILER HOUSE Above the two furnaces, one of the boilers can be seen to the upper left. The large pipes in the foreground are all that remain of the distribution system. Most of the pipe and tubing have been stripped from the room and sold for scrap. - Hovden Cannery, 886 Cannery Row, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

260

11. BUOY DECK, NEAR PILOT HOUSE SUPERSTRUCTURE, LOOKING TOWARDS HATCH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. BUOY DECK, NEAR PILOT HOUSE SUPERSTRUCTURE, LOOKING TOWARDS HATCH DOOR INTO WINCH ROOM IN THE SUPERSTRUCTURE (LABELED AT PASSAGE & HYDRAULIC MACHINERY ON PLAN). - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter WHITE HEATH, USGS Integrated Support Command Boston, 427 Commercial Street, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

261

Housing and rank status of male Long–Evans rats modify ethanol’s effect on open-field behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rationale  Psychosocial stress is known to alter behavior of rodents. While psychosocial stress may alter the response to some drugs, the response to ethanol (EtOH) has not been evaluated.Objective  To examine open-field behaviors of triad- and singly housed rats treated acutely or voluntarily ingesting EtOH.Method  Triad-housed rats were categorized as dominant, subdominant, or subordinate based on assessments of offensive and defensive behaviors. Open-field

Larissa A. Pohorecky

2006-01-01

262

Room Considerations with TAVR  

PubMed Central

While transcatheter aortic valve replacement is considered a viable alternative to traditional surgery for patients with critical aortic stenosis, it is still a cardiac surgical procedure with a steep learning curve. Space consideration is a key aspect of the procedure’s success. A TAVR program requires the commitment from and investment of institutional resources, the outfitting of an appropriate procedure room, and meticulous training of a multidisciplinary TAVR team. Careful integration of the various imaging modalities, medical specialties, and equipment is necessary to ensure the safety and efficacy of the procedure and to treat complications that may arise.

2012-01-01

263

John Milton Reading Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A collaborative project between Thomas Luxon, associate professor of English at Dartmouth College, and his students, the Milton Reading Room offers most of Milton's major poetry in English, including Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained, "On the Morning of Christ's Nativity," Samson Agonistes, and "Lycidas;" and selected major prose works, including Areopagitica, The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce, Of Education, and The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates. The texts include framed annotations that link to reference materials, such as sources of literary allusions and historical background, as well as gloss archaic words or uses. Researchers in Milton studies will find the extensive bibliography of recent secondary literature especially helpful.

264

Room service, AI-style  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can a room be intelligent? The article presents the thoughts and work of four people who not only believe the answer is yes, but are working towards making this happen. It discusses insights gleaned from work at the Intelligent Room project at the MIT AI Lab. In contrast to the two intelligent rooms built in the MIT AI Lab's quarters

Haym Hirsh; M. H. Coen; M. C. Mozer; R. Hasha; J. L. Flanagan

1999-01-01

265

Sequence shortening in the rodent ancestor.  

PubMed

Insertions and deletions (indels), together with nucleotide substitutions, are major drivers of sequence evolution. An excess of deletions over insertions in genomic sequences-the so-called deletional bias-has been reported in a wide range of species, including mammals. However, this bias has not been found in the coding sequences of some mammalian species, such as human and mouse. To determine the strength of the deletional bias in mammals, and the influence of mutation and selection, we have quantified indels in both neutrally evolving noncoding sequences and protein-coding sequences, in six mammalian branches: human, macaque, ancestral primate, mouse, rat, and ancestral rodent. The results obtained with an improved algorithm for the placement of insertions in multiple alignments, Prank(+F), indicate that contrary to previous results, the only mammalian branch with a strong deletional bias is the rodent ancestral branch. We estimate that such a bias has resulted in an ~2.5% sequence loss of mammalian syntenic region in the ancestor of the mouse and rat. Further, a comparison of coding and noncoding sequences shows that negative selection is acting more strongly against mutations generating amino acid insertions than against mutations resulting in amino acid deletions. The strength of selection against indels is found to be higher in the rodent branches than in the primate branches, consistent with the larger effective population sizes of the rodents. PMID:22128134

Laurie, Steve; Toll-Riera, Macarena; Radó-Trilla, Núria; Albà, M Mar

2011-11-29

266

Rodent Depredation-A Direct Seeding Problem.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Foresters have known for a long time that seed-eating rodents, birds, and insects must be circumvented before direct seeding can be successful. Advances have been made in reducing losses in the direct seeding of pine by the use of chemical repellents, and...

1965-01-01

267

Conjunctival lymphoid follicles in new world rodents.  

PubMed

We report for the first time, the detection of conjunctival lymphoid follicles (CLF) in the eyes of New World rodents. CLF were found in 7 of the 15 species examined, 6 of the 10 genera, and in at least one individual in four families of rodents. These follicles are dense collections of leukocytes in the conjunctival substantia propria with a thinned overlying epithelium lacking in goblet cells. Although the precise location of CLF within the conjunctiva varied from species to species, all CLF were found in the fornix of the conjunctival sac. In general, size and complexity of CLF varied with the size of the eye; the larger the eye, the larger and more complex the CLF. Our findings also reveal that some species of New World rodents, like the majority of Old World rodents examined in this and previous studies might lack CLF. However, until larger samples are examined, this is difficult to state with certainty. Consequently, the presence/absence of CLF at this point might not be informative for phylogenetic comparisons. Our findings also suggest the deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus, might serve as a useful model species for studying ocular infections and immunology of the eye. PMID:17722097

Astley, Roger A; Chodosh, James; Caire, William; Wilson, Gregory M

2007-09-01

268

Diet, caloric restriction, and the rodent bioassay.  

PubMed

The diet can significantly alter the results of toxicity and carcinogenicity studies. Ad libitum (AL) overfeeding of excessive calories to sedentary adult rodents is one of the most poorly controlled variables affecting the current rodent bioassay. AL-overfed rodents develop an early onset of adverse metabolic events, endocrine-disruptive degenerative diseases, and tumors that result in early morbidity and mortality. AL food consumption is extremely variable, but has a strong correlation with adult body weight, obesity, and survival. AL feeding of diets with modified protein, fiber, and energy content are not as effective as simple, moderate dietary (caloric) restriction (DR) in controlling these study variables. Moderate DR (70-75% of adult AL) is operationally simple and controls adult body weights, prevents obesity, and improves health and survival by reducing or delaying diet-related endocrine, renal, and cardiac diseases. Moderate DR provides a uniform rodent model, increases treatment exposure time, and increases the statistical sensitivity of these chronic bioassays to detect true treatment effects. Feeding a balanced diet by a moderate DR regimen of 70-75% of the maximum, unrestricted adult AL food intake is recommended for conducting well-controlled toxicity and carcinogenicity studies. PMID:10630587

Keenan, K P; Ballam, G C; Soper, K A; Laroque, P; Coleman, J B; Dixit, R

1999-12-01

269

Too many rodent carcinogens: Mitogenesis increases mutagenesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A clarification of the mechanism of carcinogenesis is developing at a rapid rate. This new understanding undermines many assumptions of current regulatory policy toward rodent carcinogens and necessitates rethinking the utility and meaning of routine animal cancer tests. At a recent watershed meeting on carcinogenesis, much evidence was presented suggesting that mitogenesis plays a dominant role in carcinogenesis. Our own

B. N. Ames; L. S. Gold

1990-01-01

270

Review: Genetic manipulation of the rodent placenta  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principal role of the placenta is the maintenance of pregnancy and promotion of fetal growth and viability. The use of transgenic rodents has greatly enhanced our understanding of placental development and function. However, embryonic lethality is often a confounding variable in determining whether a genetic modification adversely affected placental development. In these cases, it is beneficial to specifically manipulate

S. J. Renaud; M. A. Karim Rumi; M. J. Soares

2011-01-01

271

Mycoplasmas and their role as rodent pathogens  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Mycoplasmas are the smallest known free-living form of life, and differ from bacteria in a number of characteristics. They are widely distributed in the animal kingdom and may give rise to both acute and latent infections as well as being present as normal flora. The three principal rodent pathogens so far described are Mycoplasma pulmonis, Mycoplasma arthritidis and Mycoplasma

R. J. Fallon

1967-01-01

272

Hemagglutination by Pasteurellaceae isolated from rodents.  

PubMed

Pasteurellaceae notably P. pneumotropica, have been associated with severe outbreaks of respiratory disease in several species of rodents. Host-specific parasitism of Pasteurellaceae in rodents has hardly been studied. Since host tropism in many bacteria involves adhesive mechanisms, we examined the hemagglutinating (HA) properties of 44 isolates from different rodent species (mouse (15) rat (8), hamster (9), gerbil (10) and Mastomys (2)). Only 13 mouse isolates and the 2 Mastomys isolates hemagglutinated human (type O Rh+) and canine red blood cells (RBCs). No HA was found using RBCs from 10 other animal species. HA was not inhibited by simple sugars and glycoconjugates, but was completely inhibited by heating of bacterial cells for 10 min at 80 or 100 degrees C, partially inhibited by glutaraldehyde and inhibited in a dose-dependent mode by NaIO4, suggesting the involvement of bacterial polysaccharide structures in the HA process. Enrichment procedures did not reveal the presence of HA- subpopulations in HA+ isolates or the presence of HA+ subpopulations in HA- isolates. Electron microscopy revealed the presence of fimbriae both in HA+ and HA- isolates. A regularly structured (RS) layer was detected on cells of part of the HA+ isolates only. Our results suggest that Pasteurellaceae of mice and Mastomys may be related and differ from isolates isolated from other rodent species. PMID:8219497

Boot, R; Thuis, H; Teppema, J S

1993-06-01

273

Pinworm infections in laboratory rodents: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The important and common oxyurids which affect laboratory rodents- Syphacia spp., Aspiculuris tetraptera and Passafurus ambiguus-are discussed and reviewed. Their life histories, pathogenicity and immunity are examined, and mention is made of the influence of age, sex, strain and host status on in- fection. The importance of using worm-free animals in experimental work is stressed, and guidance is given

L. F. Taffs

1976-01-01

274

Neospora caninum detected in feral rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of rodents in the epidemiology of neosporosis was investigated by assaying brain tissue of feral mice (Mus musculus) and rats (Rattus norvegicus) for Neospora caninum. Both mouse and rat brain tissue were extracted for total DNA, and subjected to two different N. caninum-specific nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. A portion of brain tissue from the mice and

M. C. Jenkins; C. Parker; D. Hill; R. D. Pinckney; R. Dyer; J. P. Dubey

2007-01-01

275

Engineering rodents create key habitat for lizards  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing recognition among ecologists that ecosystem engineers play important roles in creating habitat for other species, but the comparative and combined effects of co-existing engineers are not well known. Here, we evaluated the separate and interactive effects of two burrowing rodents, Gunnison's prairie dogs (Cynomys gunnisoni) and banner-tailed kangaroo rats (Dipodomys spectabilis), on lizards in the Chihuahuan Desert

A. D. Davidson; D. C. Lightfoot; J. L. McIntyre

2008-01-01

276

Towards sustainable management of rodents in organic animal husbandry  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 26 to 28 May 2004 an international seminar was held in Wageningen, the Netherlands, about current knowledge and advice on rodent management on organic pig and poultry farms in Western Europe. This paper summarizes the discussions. Rodent management is necessary to protect the food production chain from health hazards to livestock and humans. Some organic farmers prefer biological rodent

B. G. Meerburg; M. Bonde; F. W. A. Brom; S. Endepols; A. N. Jensen; H. Leirs; J. Lodal; G. R. Singleton; H.-J. Pelz; T. B. Rodenburg; A. Kijlstra

2005-01-01

277

Towards sustainable management of rodents in organic animal husbandry  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 26 to 28 May 2004 an international seminar was held in Wageningen, the Netherlands, about current knowledge and advice on rodent management on organic pig and poultry farms in Western Europe. This paper summarizes the discussions. Rodent management is necessary to protect the food production chain from health hazards to livestock and humans. Some organic farmers prefer biological rodent

B. G. Meerburg; M. Bonde; F. W. A. Brom; S. Endepols; A. N. Jensen; H. Leirs; J. Lodal; G. R. Singleton; H.-J. Pelz; T. B. Rodenburg; A. Kijlstra

2004-01-01

278

7 CFR 58.147 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.147 Section...Operating Procedures § 58.147 Insect and rodent control program. In addition to...performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program. Poisonous...

2009-01-01

279

7 CFR 58.147 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.147 Section...Operating Procedures § 58.147 Insect and rodent control program. In addition to...performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program. Poisonous...

2010-01-01

280

7 CFR 58.247 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.247 Section...Operating Procedures § 58.247 Insect and rodent control program. In addition to...performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program as outlined in...

2010-01-01

281

7 CFR 58.247 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.247 Section...Operating Procedures § 58.247 Insect and rodent control program. In addition to...performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program as outlined in...

2009-01-01

282

6. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM SHOWING OPEN DOORWAY TO KITCHEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM SHOWING OPEN DOORWAY TO KITCHEN AT PHOTO CENTER, FLUSH FRONT DOOR WITH GLAZING AT PHOTO RIGHT, AND OPEN PANELED DOOR TO BEDROOM NO. 2 AT LEFT PHOTO CENTER. DECORATIVE WOOD STRIPPING ON WALLS AND CEILING IS CARRIED THROUGHOUT REST OF ORIGINAL PORTION OF HOUSE. VIEW TO NORTH. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 4, Worker Cottage, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

283

Where has social housing gone? Politics, housing need and social housing construction in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the changing geography of social housing supply in England since the passing of the 1988 Housing Act. This Act marked a key transition point in national housing policy, as it transferred primary responsibility for social housing provision from local authorities to housing associations. Examining construction rates for every lower?tier local authority in the nation, the question

Keith Hoggart

1999-01-01

284

Dynamic cycles of unsold new housing stocks, investment in housing, and housing supply–demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unsold new housing stocks may be closely related to housing market fluctuation, especially the difference between housing supply and demand, which is influenced by macroeconomic conditions. These factors simultaneously influence developers’ investment decisions and, thus, housing supply over time. However, previous research on the housing market has focused on explaining the statistical relationships among factors with reduced-form equations rather than

Min-Ji Kwoun; Sang-Hyo Lee; Ju-Hyung Kim; Jae-Jun Kim

285

Housing Need in Appalachian Ohio.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For each of the 28 counties of Appalachian Ohio, the study summarizes condition of the present housing stock, current and projected housing need, and recommend participation levels in federal programs to alleviate the housing problems in the region. Data ...

N. McCabe G. Newman D. Stivison

1972-01-01

286

Submarine Periscope Eyeguard Housing Assembly.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A submarine periscope eyeguard housing assembly includes a viewing lens housing having a viewing lens aperture and viewing lens therein, first and second arm members fixed to the viewing lens housing and extending therefrom, a first blinder mounted on the...

W. C. Maciejewski R. Sayegh

2001-01-01

287

Meal-feeding rodents and toxicology research.  

PubMed

Most laboratory rodents used for toxicology studies are fed ad libitum, with unlimited access to food. As a result, ad libitum-fed rodents tend to overeat. Research demonstrates that ad libitum-fed rodents are physiologically and metabolically different from rodents fed controlled amounts of food at scheduled times (meal-fed). Ad libitum-fed rodents can develop hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, diet-induced obesity, nephropathy, cardiomyopathy, and pituitary, pancreatic, adrenal, and thyroid tumors, conditions likely to affect the results of toxicology research studies. In contrast, meal-feeding synchronizes biological rhythms and leads to a longer life span, lower body weight, lower body temperature, hypertrophy of the small intestine, and synchronization of hepatic and digestive enzymes. The circadian rhythms present in nearly all living organisms are entrained by light intensity and food intake, and peripheral clocks in all organs of the body, especially the GI tract and liver, are particularly sensitive to food intake. Feeding schedule has been demonstrated to alter the toxicity and metabolism of drugs including sodium valproate, chloral hydrate, acetaminophen, gentamicin, and methotrexate. Feeding schedule alters the expression of genes that code for Phase I, II, and III proteins, thereby altering the rate and amplitude of drug disposition. Rhythms of plasma insulin and glucagon that fluctuate with food ingestion are also altered by feeding schedule; ad libitum feeding promotes hyperinsulinemia which is a precursor for developing diabetes. The emerging field of chronopharmacology, the interaction of biological rhythms and drugs, will lead to optimizing the design and delivery of drugs in a manner that matches biological rhythms, but it is wise for toxicology researchers to consider feeding schedule when designing these experiments. It has been 10 years since the Society for Toxicologic Pathology voiced its position that feeding schedule is an important variable that should be controlled in toxicology experiments, and research continues to underscore this position. PMID:22642213

Carey, Gale B; Merrill, Lisa C

2012-06-13

288

An Energy Saving Technique Using Ondol Heating Schedule Control of Housing Units in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was performed to determine the heating energy savings and carbon dioxide reduction that would result from turning off ondol heating in housing units in Korea. Lowering the room temperature and intermittent heating of a room are effective methods for reducing heating energy consumption. These techniques were proven in our previous studies by modelling simulations. To confirm the simulations

Sunkuk Kim; Donghoon Lee; Hiki Hong

2010-01-01

289

Lack of immunological responsiveness to photoperiod in a tropical rodent, Peromyscus aztecus hylocetes.  

PubMed

Non-tropical rodents undergo seasonal changes in immune function and disease. It has been hypothesized that seasonal fluctuations in immunity of non-tropical rodents are due to suppressed immune function during harsh winter conditions. A logical extension of this hypothesis is that seasonal changes in immunity should be reduced or absent in tropical rodents that do not experience marked seasonal fluctuations in environmental conditions; however this hypothesis remains to be tested. The present study tested the effects of photoperiod on humoral and cell-mediated immune function of male Aztec mice ( Peromyscus aztecus hylocetes). P. a. hylocetes were housed in long (L:D 16:8) or short days (L:D 8:16) for 10 weeks. Animals were then immunized with the antigen keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). Serum anti-KLH immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentrations and splenocyte proliferation in response to the T-cell mitogen Concanavalin A were assessed. Short-day P. a. hylocetes did not display differences in reproductive or immune measures compared with long-day mice. Collectively, these results suggest that P. a. hylocetes are reproductively and immunologically non-responsive to photoperiod. This lack of immunological responsiveness is likely due to the relative seasonal stability of their environment compared with temperate zone species. PMID:12624655

Demas, G E; Nelson, R J

2003-02-12

290

Public Policy Institute of California: Map Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Public Policy Institute of California provides timely research papers and policy briefs on various issues affecting the Golden State, including those related to public education financing, economic development, immigration, and transportation. As of late, they have also been beefing up their online map room area, which is a great resource for those with an interest in policy matters, geography, and urban studies. The interactive maps here are divided into four categories, including housing, population, water, and environment. With each map, visitors can click through to learn about different details and features, and many of the maps have additional layers of data as well. Perhaps the most interesting maps here include "Inland Empire Demographics: 2005 and 2015" and "Home Affordability in California's Counties".

291

The Mark Twain House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the mention of Mark Twain may make one think of drifting along the Mississippi, the noted American author and curmudgeon wrote most of his famous works while living in this home in Hartford, Connecticut. Visitors to the site can take a virtual tour of the house, which is also notable for having one of the few remaining Tiffany-designed interiors. The site also has several activities for young people and a sample lesson plan designed for elementary school teachers. Additional sections provide information on relevant events at the house and membership information for those wishing to support the ongoing work done for and at the Mark Twain house.

2000-01-01

292

Hotel room suicide.  

PubMed

The objective of our research was to quantify the increased risk of suicide associated with registering in local hotels/motels. Medical examiner case files of suicide in King County, Washington, were reviewed for years 2002-2004. The incidence of suicide in local residents registering in local hotels/motels was 223/100,000 which is significantly greater than the incidence of suicide in the general population of King County (11.7/100,000 p < 0.0001). Hotel/motel guests from outside Washington had a significantly reduced incidence of suicide (3.9/100,000 p = 0.002). The study results suggest that there is an increased risk of suicide in local residents who register in local hotel rooms. PMID:17087636

Zarkowski, Paul; Avery, David

2006-10-01

293

CEBAF Control Room Renovation  

SciTech Connect

The Machine Control Center at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

2005-05-01

294

CEBAF Control Room Renovation  

SciTech Connect

The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on work-flow processes and ergonomic attributes. The renovation was performed in two phases during the summer of 2004, with one phase occurring during machine operations and the latter, more extensive phase, occurring during our semi-annual shutdown period. The new facility takes advantage of advances in display technology, analog and video signal management, server technology, ergonomic workspace design, lighting engineering, acoustic ceilings and raised flooring solutions to provide a marked improvement in the overall environment of machine operations.

Michael Spata; Anthony Cuffe; Thomas Oren

2005-03-22

295

CEBAF Control Room Renovation  

SciTech Connect

The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facility's 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week maintenance period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

2005-05-01

296

Field and experimental studies of poxvirus infections in rodents  

PubMed Central

Data are presented from serological and virological investigations of natural and experimental infections, in rodents, with different poxviruses. The demonstration of poxvirus antibodies (virus neutralizing antibodies, antihaemagglutinins, and precipitins) in the kidneys and/or lungs of rodents from Europe and Africa, and the isolation of poxviruses from them, all indicate that rodents may be poxvirus carriers. Isolates from rodents differed in their properties. Some, from Turkmenistan rodents or from white rats caught near Moscow, appeared to be very close to cowpox virus, while others (from Zaire rodents) were identical to variola-like (whitepox) viruses found earlier in monkeys in the same region. The results suggest that rodents that carry the virus closely similar to cowpox virus might be a source of infection for other animal species.

Marennikova, S. S.

1979-01-01

297

A Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based analysis of modern South African rodent distributions, habitat use, and environmental tolerances  

PubMed Central

Goals of this study were to: (1) develop distributional maps of modern rodent genera throughout the countries of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland by georeferencing museum specimens; (2) assess habitat preferences for genera by cross-referencing locality position with South African vegetation; and (3) identify mean annual precipitation and temperature range where the genera are located. Conterminous South Africa including the countries of Lesotho and Swaziland Digital databases of rodent museum specimens housed in the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History, South Africa (DM), and the Division of Mammals, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, United States (NMNH), were acquired and then sorted into a subset of specimens with associated coordinate data. The coordinate data were then used to develop distributional maps for the rodent genera present within the study area. Percent habitat occupation and descriptive statistics for six climatic variables were then determined for each genus by cross-referencing locality positions with vegetation and climatic maps. This report presents a series of maps illustrating the distribution of 35 rodent genera based on 19,471 geo-referenced specimens obtained from two major collections. Inferred habitat use by taxon is provided for both locality and specimen percent occurrence at three hierarchical habitat levels: biome, bioregion, and vegetation unit. Descriptive statistics for six climatic variables are also provided for each genus based on locality and specimen percent incidence. As rodent faunas are commonly used in paleoenvironmental reconstructions, an accurate assessment of rodent environmental tolerance ranges is necessary before confidence can be placed in an actualistic model. While the data presented here represent only a subset of the modern geographic distributions for many of the taxa examined, a wide range of environmental regimes are observed, suggesting that more research is necessary in order to accurately reconstruct an environmental signature when these taxa are found in the fossil record.

Campbell, Timothy L; Lewis, Patrick J; Thies, Monte L; Williams, Justin K

2012-01-01

298

Side-by-side evaluation of a stressed-skin insulated-core panel house and a conventional stud-frame house. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Side-by-side energy testing and monitoring was conducted on two houses in Louisville, KY between January--March 1993. Both houses were identical except that one house was constructed with conventional US 2 by 4 studs and a truss roof while the other house was constructed with stress-skin insulated core panels for the walls and second floor ceiling. Air-tightness testing included fan pressurization by blower door, hour long tracer tests using sulphur hexafluoride, and two-week long time-averaged tests using perfluorocarbon tracers. An average of all the air-tightness test results showed the SSIC panel house to have 22 percent less air infiltration than the frame house. Air-tightness testing resulted in a recommendation that both houses have a fresh air ventilation system installed to provide 0.35 air changes per hour continuously. Thermal insulation quality testing was by infrared imaging. Pressure differential testing resulted in recommendations to use sealed combustion appliances, and to allow for more return air flow from closed rooms. This can be accomplished by separate return ducts or transfer ducts which simply connect closed rooms to the main body with a short duct. The SSIC house UA was lower in both cases. By measurement, co-heating tests showed the SSIC panel house total UA to be 12 percent lower than the frame house. Short-term energy monitoring was also conducted for the two houses. A 17 day period of electric heating and a 14 day period of gas furnace heating was evaluated. Monitoring results showed energy savings for the panel house to be 12 percent during electric heating and 15 percent during gas heating. A comparison of the two monitoring periods showed that the lumped efficiency of the gas furnace and air distribution system for both houses was close to 80 percent. Simple regression models using Typical Meteorological Year weather data gave a preliminary prediction of seasonal energy savings between 14 and 20 percent.

Rudd, A.; Chandra, S.

1994-01-14

299

12. Fuel house and fog signal house, view northeast, southwest ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Fuel house and fog signal house, view northeast, southwest side of fuel house, west and south sides of fog signal house - Cape Elizabeth Light Station, Near Two Lights State Park at end of Two Lights Road, off State Highway 77, Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland County, ME

300

Housing in Los Angeles: Affordable Housing for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 1988 mayoral committee assessed the seriousness of Los Angeles (California) housing problems and found that the city's housing efforts were sufficient in the 1960s, when the Federal Government took primary responsibility for housing and the average wage was adequate to support the cost of the average house or apartment. However, the following…

Los Angeles Blue Ribbon Committee for Affordable Housing, CA.

301

Housing renewal policies, house prices and urban competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a growing emphasis in housing policy and its impacts on sub-regional economies. Yet the arguments linking housing and economic competitiveness are typically described in very general terms. First of all, this paper is based on research providing a spatial picture of house prices utilising housing data from the UK government's Land Registry and presenting key findings from

Xin Liu

2010-01-01

302

91. VIEW NORTHWEST OF SCRAP HOUSE AND CAST HOUSE, BUILDINGS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

91. VIEW NORTHWEST OF SCRAP HOUSE AND CAST HOUSE, BUILDINGS 101 AND 72; BUILDING 101 IN THE CENTER OF THE PHOTOGRAPH HOUSED SCRAP METAL CLEANING AND PROCESSING FACILITIES; BUILDING 72 AT RIGHT CENTER HOUSED MELTING FURNACES AND CONTINUOUS CASTING MACHINERY - Scovill Brass Works, 59 Mill Street, Waterbury, New Haven County, CT

303

Housing Management: General Inventory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program establishes reorder procedures for replenishment of general inventory. Factors such as delivery time and factory inventory supplies are taken into account an...

1976-01-01

304

Housing Management: Maintenance Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program concerns plans for the initiation of a Maintenance Training Program. This Training Program is specifically designed to improve the levels of proficiency of n...

1976-01-01

305

Surveys of rodent-borne disease in Thailand with a focus on scrub typhus assessment.  

PubMed

The epidemiology of many rodent-borne diseases in South-East Asia remains ill-defined. Scrub typhus and lep-tospirosis are common and medically significant, while other zoonotic diseases, such as spotted fever group Rickettsiae have been identified, but their overall medical significance is unknown. Rodent surveillance was conducted from June 2002 to July 2004 in 18 provinces from Thailand. Traps were set up for one to three nights. Blood and serum samples and animal tissue samples (liver, spleen, kidney and urinary bladder) were collected. Chiggermites, ticks and fleas were removed from captured rodents. A total of 4536 wild-caught rodents from 27 species were captured over two years of animal trapping. Rattus rattus was the dominant species, followed by Rattus exulans and Bandicota indica. Almost 43 000 ectoparasites were removed from the captured animals. Approximately 98% of the ectoparasites were chigger-mites, of which 46% belonged to the genus Leptotrombidium (scrub typhus vector). Other genera included Schoengastia and Blankaartia. Tick and flea specimens together comprised less than 1% of the sample. Among the five species of ticks collected, Haemaphysalis bandicota was the predominant species caught, followed by Ixodes granulatus other Haemaphysalis spp., Rhipicephalus spp. and Dermacentor spp. Only two species of fleas were collected and Xenopsylla cheopis (rat flea) was the predominant species. Using both commercial diagnostic kits and in-house molecular assays, animal tissue samples were examined and screened for zoonotic diseases. Seven zoonotic diseases were detected: scrub typhus, leptospirosis, murine typhus, tick typhus, bartonella, babesiosis and trypanosomiasis. Most samples were positive for scrub typhus. Other zoonotic diseases still under investigation include borrelosis, ehrlichiosis, the plague, and other rickettsial diseases. Using geographic information systems, global positioning systems and remote sensing technology, epidemiological and environmental data were combined to assess the relative risk in different biotopes within highly endemic areas of scrub typhus in Thailand. PMID:21396076

Lerdthusnee, Kriangkrai; Nigro, Joseph; Monkanna, Taweesak; Leepitakrat, Warisa; Leepitakrat, Surachai; Insuan, Sucheera; Charoensongsermkit, Weerayut; Khlaimanee, Nittaya; Akkagraisee, Wilasinee; Chayapum, Kwanta; Jones, James W

2008-12-01

306

Modeling regional house prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a parsimonious panel model for quarterly regional house prices, for which both the cross-section and the time series dimension is large. The model allows for stochastic trends, cointegration, cross-equation correlations and, most importantly, latent-class clustering of regions. Class membership is fully data-driven and based on (i) average growth rates of house prices, (ii) the propagation of shocks to

A. van Dijk; Philip Hans Franses; Richard Paap; Dick van Dijk

2007-01-01

307

Rodent models of TDP-43: Recent advances  

PubMed Central

Recently, missense mutations in the gene TARDBP encoding TDP-43 have been linked to familial ALS. The discovery of genes encoding these RNA binding proteins, such as TDP-43 and FUS/TLS, raised the notion that altered RNA metabolism is a major factor underlying the pathogenesis of ALS. To begin to unravel how mutations in TDP-43 cause dysfunction and death of motor neurons, investigators have employed both gain- and loss-of-function studies in rodent model systems. Here, we will summarize major findings from the initial sets of TDP-43 transgenic and knockout rodent models, identify their limitations, and point to future directions toward clarification of disease mechanism(s) and testing of therapeutic strategies that ultimately may lead to novel therapy for this devastating disease.

Tsao, William; Jeong, Yun Ha; Lin, Sophie; Ling, Jonathan; Price, Donald L.; Chiang, Po-Min; Wong, Philip C.

2013-01-01

308

REVIEW: GENETIC MANIPULATION OF THE RODENT PLACENTA  

PubMed Central

The principal role of the placenta is the maintenance of pregnancy and promotion of fetal growth and viability. The use of transgenic rodents has greatly enhanced our understanding of placental development and function. However, embryonic lethality is often a confounding variable in determining whether a genetic modification adversely affected placental development. In these cases, it is beneficial to specifically manipulate the placental genome. The purpose of this review is to summarize available methodologies for specific genetic modification of the rodent placenta. By restricting genetic alterations to the trophoblast lineage, it is possible to gain a deeper understanding of placental development that perhaps will lead to gene-targeted therapies to rescue irregular placentation in transgenic animals or in women at high-risk for placenta-associated pregnancy complications.

Renaud, Stephen J.; Rumi, M.A. Karim; Soares, Michael J.

2011-01-01

309

Review: Genetic manipulation of the rodent placenta.  

PubMed

The principal role of the placenta is the maintenance of pregnancy and promotion of fetal growth and viability. The use of transgenic rodents has greatly enhanced our understanding of placental development and function. However, embryonic lethality is often a confounding variable in determining whether a genetic modification adversely affected placental development. In these cases, it is beneficial to specifically manipulate the placental genome. The purpose of this review is to summarize available methodologies for specific genetic modification of the rodent placenta. By restricting genetic alterations to the trophoblast lineage, it is possible to gain a deeper understanding of placental development that perhaps will lead to gene-targeted therapies to rescue irregular placentation in transgenic animals or in women at high-risk for placenta-associated pregnancy complications. PMID:21256588

Renaud, S J; Karim Rumi, M A; Soares, M J

2011-01-22

310

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the Guard House and Barracks, and South Fire House in relation to nearby roads, railroad tracks, and the piers). Navy Yard, Mare Island, California. P.W. Drawing No. C-1899, approved 1941; file no. 930-C-1. Scale one inch to forty feet. 72 cn x 97 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

311

Pinworm infections in laboratory rodents: a review.  

PubMed

The important and common oxyurids which affect laboratory rodents- Syphacia spp., Aspiculuris tetraptera and Passalurus ambiguus-are discussed and reviewed. Their life histories, pathogenicity and immunity are examined, and mention is made of the influence of age, sex, strain and host status on infection. The importance of using worm-free animals in experimental work is stressed, and guidance is given on diagnosis and control. PMID:768631

Taffs, L F

1976-01-01

312

Housing Return and Construction Cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a general equilibrium model of the residential housing market. Within the model housing returns, housing construction, mortgage loan terms, and household maintenance behavior are all endogenous. These interacting elements tie expected housing returns to expected changes in family wealth. As a result: (1) families are credit constrained; (2) mortgage loan-to-value ratios can be used to forecast future

Matthew Spiegel

2001-01-01

313

DOD Family Housing Requirements Determination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Family Housing Program was established to provide family housing for military families when the private sector is unable to provide adequate affordable housing, or when personnel must be housed on base to ensure military readiness. DoD's polic...

1997-01-01

314

Spontaneous Type 2 Diabetic Rodent Models  

PubMed Central

Diabetes mellitus, especially type 2 diabetes (T2DM), is one of the most common chronic diseases and continues to increase in numbers with large proportion of health care budget being used. Many animal models have been established in order to investigate the mechanisms and pathophysiologic progress of T2DM and find effective treatments for its complications. On the basis of their strains, features, advantages, and disadvantages, various types of animal models of T2DM can be divided into spontaneously diabetic models, artificially induced diabetic models, and transgenic/knockout diabetic models. Among these models, the spontaneous rodent models are used more frequently because many of them can closely describe the characteristic features of T2DM, especially obesity and insulin resistance. In this paper, we aim to investigate the current available spontaneous rodent models for T2DM with regard to their characteristic features, advantages, and disadvantages, and especially to describe appropriate selection and usefulness of different spontaneous rodent models in testing of various new antidiabetic drugs for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Wang, Yang-wei; Sun, Guang-dong; Sun, Jing; Liu, Shu-jun; Wang, Ji; Xu, Xiao-hong; Miao, Li-ning

2013-01-01

315

Isoflurane leakage from non-rebreathing rodent anaesthesia circuits: comparison of emissions from conventional and modified ports.  

PubMed

Chronic exposure to low levels of fluorocarbon-based waste anaesthetic gas (WAG) has been linked to a multitude of human health problems. We have shown that isoflurane exhaust from passive gas-scavenging canisters is often quite high when using conventional rodent anaesthesia protocols and equipment. Another likely source of WAG build-up in rodent procedure rooms is leakage at the interface between the breathing circuit and the animal's face. We evaluated this possibility using three non-rebreathing circuits: traditional Bain, modified Bain, and Mapleson (type E). For the Mapleson E circuit, a conical rodent facemask was attached and used in one of two configurations: normal aperture, or aperture modified with a latex diaphragm (cut from an unpowdered surgical glove) to reduce the orifice diameter and tighten the seal. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were anaesthetized with isoflurane (5% for induction, 2% or 3.5% for maintenance) in oxygen (2 L/min for induction, 1 L/min for maintenance). Isoflurane leakage was assessed by real-time spectrophotometry. In 94% of the trials, three configurations - traditional Bain, modified Bain, and Mapleson E with unmodified mask - permitted isoflurane leakage approaching or exceeding 100 ppm at the face/port interface. In contrast, the Mapleson circuit with diaphragm-modified mask emitted significantly (Prodent non-rebreathing circuits is substantial, and that (2) a simple, rapid, and economical modification to a conventional rodent facemask can significantly reduce WAG exposure to workers performing many rodent anaesthesia procedures in one session. PMID:16600080

Smith, J C; Bolon, B

2006-04-01

316

[Emergency room deaths.  

PubMed

3-MONTH RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS: OBJECTIVES: Determine the characteristics of patients who died in the emergency unit and assess the number for whom care was limited or withdrawn. METHODS: A 3-month single-center retrospective study of all the patients who died in the emergency room. Bivariate analysis was used to compare the clinical characteristics of patients who died despite maximum care (MC) with those for whom care was limited (LC). RESULTS: 84 patients died during the study period: 48 men and 36 women (mean age: 73 +/- 18 years). Half had normal mobility (43 patients, 50%), and 35 (40%) lived at home. Nearly all (72 patients, 72%) had a severe chronic disease. In descending order, death was ascribed to neurological (n=22, 24%), cardiac (n=14, 15%), septic (n=13, 14%) and respiratory (n=9, 10%) causes. The decision was made to limit or stop active care for 73 patients (84%) and recorded in 48 case files (55%). The principal differences between patients receiving MC and LC were respectively C and D Knaus classification and their age. CONCLUSION: Death is frequent in emergency units and often strikes elderly patients with impaired mobility and severe chronic diseases. The decisions to limit or stop active care are the predominant direct cause, but their modalities warrant further exploration in a prospective study. PMID:15988330

Le Conte, Philippe; Amelineau, Marc; Trewick, David; Batard, Eacute Ric

2005-04-01

317

16. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #102, electrical equipment room; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #102, electrical equipment room; the prime power distribution system. Excellent example of endulum-types shock isolation. The grey cabinet and barrel assemble is part of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) retrofill project - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

318

10. CONTROL ROOM INTERIOR. Looking into southwest corner. CONTROL ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. CONTROL ROOM INTERIOR. Looking into southwest corner. CONTROL ROOM INTERIOR, SHOWING ESCAPE HATCH. Looking north along east wall. - Edwards Air Force Base, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Instrumentation & Control Building, Test Area 1-115, northwest end of Saturn Boulevard, Boron, Kern County, CA

319

37. DINING ROOM FROM BALCONY. THE DINING ROOM ROOF IS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. DINING ROOM FROM BALCONY. THE DINING ROOM ROOF IS SUPPORTED BY A SCISSOR TRUSS SYSTEM REINFORCED WITH TURNBUCKLE IRON RODS AND GUSSET PLATES (NOTE: THIS SYSTEM DIFFERS FROM THE LOBBY). - Old Faithful Inn, 900' northeast of Snowlodge & 1050' west of Old Faithful Lodge, Lake, Teton County, WY

320

35. VIEW OF TELEMETRY ROOM (ROOM 106) FROM ITS NORTHWEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. VIEW OF TELEMETRY ROOM (ROOM 106) FROM ITS NORTHWEST CORNER SHOWING TM-ISE-3 TELEMETRY CHECKOUT SYSTEM AND HONEYWELL TAPE RECORDER - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

321

49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the north span. Note bell with continuous operating clapper for use as fog signals. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

322

50. Machinery rooms on south tower. Facing south. Machinery rooms ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

50. Machinery rooms on south tower. Facing south. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the south span. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

323

From living room through french doors toward room in southeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

From living room through french doors toward room in southeast corner of south unit - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Civilian Employees' Quarters, North Hickey Street, West side, 150 feet North of intersection of North Hickey Street & West Loosley Avenue, Aurora, Adams County, CO

324

17. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #105, mechanical equipment room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #105, mechanical equipment room no. 1; sign reads: Heat exchangers (shell and tube type). Provide precise temperature control of water for cooling critical electronic equipment - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

325

Redesigning the PACS reading room: optimizing monitor and room lighting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Room design can have a major on radiologist productivity in a soft-copy reading environment. Several factors must be taken into account to optimize the radiologist's reading room, including lighting. The purpose of this study was to utilize the result of pervious research on the effect of ambient light on operator fatigue, to make specific design recommendations to enhance radiologist productivity

Bruce I. Reiner; Eliot L. Siegel; Bill Rostenberg

1999-01-01

326

78 FR 54621 - Notice of Funds Availability for Section 514 Farm Labor Housing Loans and Section 516; Farm Labor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...This action is taken to correct two ``submission deadline'' dates. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mirna Reyes-Bible, Finance and Loan Analyst, Multi-Family Housing Preservation and Direct Loan Division, STOP 0781 (Room 1263-S),...

2013-09-05

327

Long-Term Results: New Construction Occupied Test House, Urbana, Illinois  

SciTech Connect

For this study, a house was designed and built to the Passive House (Passivhaus) Standard for low energy consumption. The house incorporates an airtight, super-insulated thermal enclosure, southern facing windows with overhangs, a single point mini-split heat pump and electric resistance heaters, and a balanced energy recovery ventilator (ERV). The house was instrumented with sub-metering on all major electrical circuits, temperature and humidity measurements in each room, domestic hot water consumption, and recovery efficiency of the ERV. The energy performance was documented and compared to modeled predictions, and the thermal comfort performance of the heat pump was assessed.

Stecher, D.; Allison, K.

2012-10-01

328

Agenda for the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing market is the theme of the Reports to the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Royal Netherlands Economic Association. Current\\u000a housing market policies in the Netherlands generate substantial welfare losses. The direct and indirect subsidies on housing\\u000a distort the housing market, house moving behaviour, the labour market and the asset portfolio of households. The welfare loss\\u000a is estimated at

Henk Don

2009-01-01

329

Heat index in migrant farmworker housing: implications for rest and recovery from work-related heat stress.  

PubMed

Although the health risk to farmworkers of working in hot conditions is recognized, potential for excessive heat exposure in housing affecting rest and recovery has been ignored. We assessed heat index in common and sleeping rooms in 170 North Carolina farmworker camps across a summer and examined associations with time of summer and air conditioning use. We recorded dangerous heat indexes in most rooms, regardless of time or air conditioning. Policies to reduce heat indexes in farmworker housing should be developed. PMID:23763392

Quandt, Sara A; Wiggins, Melinda F; Chen, Haiying; Bischoff, Werner E; Arcury, Thomas A

2013-06-13

330

Variability of house-dust-mite allergen levels within carpets.  

PubMed

Sensitization and exposure to house-dust-mite allergens is an important cause of asthma. Standardized, reliable, and reproducible methods for measuring exposure are essential for the assessment of the relationship between exposure, sensitization, and asthma. This study investigated the variability of the house-dust-mite allergen Der p 1 concentration in reservoir dust collected within whole carpets in living rooms and bedrooms. The carpets of nine bedrooms and 11 living rooms were sampled. Each room was divided into 1 m2 areas measured from wall to wall where the carpet was accessible. Reservoir dust samples were collected by vacuuming each 1 m2 area for 2 min. Der p 1 was assayed by a two-site monoclonal-antibody-based immunometric ELISA. Der p 1 was detectable in the carpets of all nine bedrooms and six of the 11 living rooms. Within these 15 rooms, there was a wide range of Der p 1 levels. The smallest range of allergen within a single room was 0.9 microgram Der p 1/g dust (0.2 and 1.1 micrograms/g; 5.5-fold difference), and the largest was 149.2 micrograms Der p 1/g dust (0.8 and 150 micrograms/g; 192-fold difference). The mean range of allergen levels in the living rooms was 11.5 micrograms Der p 1/g of dust, and the mean coefficient of variation of these rooms was 80.2%, illustrating the huge variation of mite allergen levels within each room. The variation within bedrooms was also large, with a mean coefficient of variation value of 88.7%. The coefficient of variation was significantly lower around soft furnishings or beds (57%) than in the rest of the room (89.3%), with the mean difference being 32% (95% CI 2-63%; P = 0.04). In conclusion, this study has shown that there is a great variation of Der p 1 levels between areas within a room. No consistent pattern of distribution of mite allergen within a room was found. Der p 1 levels in areas around soft furnishings and beds varied less than the levels in the rest of the room. PMID:9689342

Simpson, A; Hassall, R; Custovic, A; Woodcock, A

1998-06-01

331

The effect of house design and environment on fungal movement in homes of bronchial asthma patients.  

PubMed

The effect of house building design and environment on the fungal movement in the houses of 41 bronchial asthma (BA) patients has been investigated by examining house dust. The presence and composition of fungi were determined and compared in relation to building structure, house age, size of living room, main flooring material, presence of a living-room rug or air purifier, and frequency of vacuum cleaning. Among these elements, fungal CFU apparently varied only between building structure: wooden-board houses had significantly higher numbers of fungi than reinforced concrete houses (p < 0.01), and wooden mortar or iron-framed prefabricated houses had significantly higher numbers of fungi than reinforced concrete houses (p < 0.05). Classification of the types of fungi present in the house dust of BA patients showed that, regardless of the building designs, there were high levels of osmophilic fungi (group A) and fungi that survive at relatively dry conditions (group B), whereas fungi that survive in very wet conditions (group D) were present at low frequency. PMID:11694095

Takatori, K; Saito, A; Yasueda, H; Akiyama, K

2001-01-01

332

5. VIEW OF VENTILATION HOUSES AND ROOF MONITOR FROM SOUTHEAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW OF VENTILATION HOUSES AND ROOF MONITOR FROM SOUTHEAST CORNER OF ROOF. ROOF MONITOR WINDOWS HAVE BEEN INFILLED WITH BRICK. THE VENTILATION HOUSES ARE PART OF THE ORIGINAL CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND CONTAINED AIR WASHERS, FANS AND OTHER HUMIDFYING EQUIPMENT FROM PARKS-CRAMER COMPANY OF FITCHBURG, MASSACHUSETTS. LOCATING THIS EQUIPMENT ON THE ROOF MADE IT UNNECESSARY TO CONSTRUCT A FULL BASEMENT, AND THEREFORE LOWERED CONSTRUCTION COSTS. THIS ARRANGEMENT ALSO PUT THE AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT CLOSEST TO THE TOP FLOOR SPINNING ROOM, WHICH HAD THE GREATEST COOLING REQUIREMENTS. - Stark Mill, 117 Corinth Road, Hogansville, Troup County, GA

333

Tracking genome organization in rodents by Zoo-FISH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of rodent species examined by modern comparative genomic approaches, particularly chromosome painting, is limited.\\u000a The use of human whole-chromosome painting probes to detect regions of homology in the karyotypes of the rodent index species,\\u000a the mouse and rat, has been hindered by the highly rearranged nature of their genomes. In contrast, recent studies have demonstrated\\u000a that non-murid rodents

Alexander S. Graphodatsky; Fengtang Yang; Gauthier Dobigny; Svetlana A. Romanenko; Larisa S. Biltueva; Polina L. Perelman; Violetta R. Beklemisheva; Elena Z. Alkalaeva; Natalya A. Serdukova; Malcolm A. Ferguson-Smith; William J. Murphy; Terence J. Robinson

2008-01-01

334

Keeping warm: Findings from the Kansas City warm room retrofit project  

SciTech Connect

The warm room retrofit is a response to a common problem: how to stay warm in a large, poorly insulated house during the coldest parts of winter. The problem is especially acute for low-income and elderly homeowners who may not have sufficient resources to improve the thermal integrity of their entire house. Although still an experimental technique, the warm room retrofit has the potential for achieving significant energy savings in houses at costs similar to those currently allocated by low-income weatherization programs. The retrofit is a combination of zoning, heating systems modification and insulation which allows the occupant to heat selected areas of her home while maintaining the unused areas at a cooler temperature. This study presents the results from a retrofit project in Kansas City, sponsored by the Urban Consortium in 1985 to 1986. Nine houses were selected for the study, four controls and five houses that received the warm room retrofit. The houses are all single-family detached structures, occupied by low-income owners (with the owners' ages between 60 and 80 years), and heated with gas-fired, forced-air or gravity-fed furnaces. The warm zone was designed to include the kitchen, bathroom, and one to two additional rooms, depending on family size. The costs of the retrofit averaged $1425 per house. Our analysis included regressions of total gas use versus outdoor temperatures to measure savings, which averaged 26%. Because of potential health and safety problems, we also measured indoor air quality before and after the retrofit, sampling levels of indoor radon, nitrogen dioxide, and formaldehyde. An important part of the study was to determine occupant response and the acceptability of the retrofit. The residents participated in the design of the retrofits, and were interviewed after the retrofits were installed to determine improvements in comfort and their satisfaction with the results.

Wagner, B.S.; Diamond, R.C.

1986-08-01

335

[Crisis and decline of bath houses].  

PubMed

For centuries bath-houses and barber-surgeons formed such an integral part of public life that one is mystified by their vanishing from modern view with hardly any trace left. Previous authors have offered a variety of reasons for this disappearance: the bath-houses' notorious reputation, developing fuel-shortage, the "new" fashion of taking the waters and the outbreak of previously unknown contagious diseases are among those mentioned most frequently. While these factors may be valid reasons for a crisis afflicting the "hot-houses" they would hardly explain why fate overtook the barber-surgeons' entire trade. Judging from the sources available one cannot help but feel that the philosophers of the Enlightenment were largely responsible for such a dramatic change of society. Sceptical philosophy discarded the wisdom of the ancient medical authorities replacing traditional steam-bathing with "modern" cold-bathing. Society itself was subject to equally revolutionary changes: the local masters of the trade had to make room for surgeons educated at medical schools setting the stage for a new reality which has become "normal" to us. PMID:10641424

Widmann, M

1999-01-01

336

Athermal mounting of optics in metallic housings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper illustrates an athermal mounting for a Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) optic in an AlBeMet housing for use at cryogenic temperatures. The GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) instrument beamsplitter utilizes this design and the difficulty is the significant delta in the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) between the housing and the optic. The high discrepancy in CTE is exacerbated by a large thermal range from an ambient assembly to cryogenic operational temperature. The assembly utilizes CTE matched clips bonded to the optic using a well controlled bondline. The clips are attached to an optimized spacer of a high CTE material that is used to reduce the CTE mismatch. The spacers are coupled to a four flexure design that is symmetric in both axes. The net effect reduces the apparent CTE between the optic and the housing in a space constrained mounting. The flexures allow the final small amount of expansion room that the assembly requires as it goes over a large temperature swing. This design was qualified through extensive thermal cycling and vibration testing, and exhibited performance acceptable for production.

Leahy, Zachary N.; Magner, Andrew J.

2013-09-01

337

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housingârental housing. To qualify as...

2013-01-01

338

2. Keeper's house, light tower and bell house, view east, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Keeper's house, light tower and bell house, view east, west and south sides - Bass Harbor Head Light Station, At southwest tip of Mount Desert Island off State Route 102, Bass Harbor, Hancock County, ME

339

2. Oil house, fog signal house and light tower, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Oil house, fog signal house and light tower, view southwest, east and north sides - Great Duck Island Light Station, At southern tip of Great Duck Island southeast of Bass Harbor & northeast of Frenchboro, Frenchboro, Hancock County, ME

340

1. Keeper's house, light tower and boat house, view southwest, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Keeper's house, light tower and boat house, view southwest, northeast and northwest sides - Pumpkin Island Light Station, Pumpkin Island, at northern end of Eggemoggin Beach, off northwest end of Little Deer Island, Eggemoggin, Hancock County, ME

341

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE GENERATING HOUSE SHOWING THE 'HOUSE GENERATOR' ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE GENERATING HOUSE SHOWING THE 'HOUSE GENERATOR' AND GOVERNOR ASSEMBLY. - Wilson Dam & Hydroelectric Plant, Spanning Tennessee River at Wilson Dam Road (Route 133), Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

342

10. Relationship of residence, claim house, chicken house, west tool ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Relationship of residence, claim house, chicken house, west tool shed, and east tool shed to each other and immediate surroundings, looking west - George Spangerberger Farmstead, 2012 West Illinois Avenue, South Hutchinson, Reno County, KS

343

Housing allowance Experience at the Tulsa Housing Authority.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This detailed evaluation with recommendations examines the Experimental Housing Allowance Program administered by the Tulsa, Okla., Housing Authority during 1973 and 1974. The initial planning and administration are set forth, changes which were made in r...

1975-01-01

344

EXTERIOR PERSPECTIVE OF CARRIAGE HOUSE SHOWING RELATIONSHIP TO MILK HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

EXTERIOR PERSPECTIVE OF CARRIAGE HOUSE SHOWING RELATIONSHIP TO MILK HOUSE, LOOKING NORTHWEST. (The carriage house was built by William B. Engle at the end of the 19th century, with carriage storage on the ground floor and a workshop above. Later, his son, Ralph Engle, used the ground floor as a car garage.) - Engle Farm, Carriage House, 89 South Ebey Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

345

Spatial Dependence, Housing Submarkets, and House Price Prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares alternative methods of controlling for the spatial dependence of house prices in a mass appraisal context.\\u000a Explicit modeling of the error structure is characterized as a relatively fluid approach to defining housing submarkets. This\\u000a approach allows the relevant submarket to vary from house to house and for transactions involving other dwellings in each\\u000a submarket to have varying

Steven C. Bourassa; Eva Cantoni; Martin Hoesli

2007-01-01

346

Indianapolis: State House  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewed from the south side, this photograph of Indiana’s State House shows the Italian Renaissance style dome and Neoclassical facade that makes this building one of the finest example of Neoclassical architecture in the state. The building was designed by Indiana native architect Edwin May in 1878. May died in 1880, shortly after the cornerstone of the building had been

Chet Smolski; Edwin May; Adolph Sherrer

1993-01-01

347

Saturations of gambling houses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suppose that X is a Borel subset of a Polish space. Let ?(X) be the set of probability measures on the Borel ?-field of X. We equip ?(X) with the weak topology. A gambling house ? on X is a subset of X ?(X) such for each x ? X, the section ?(x) of ? at x is nonempty. Assume

A. Maitra; W. Sudderth

348

Housing Management: Maintenance Incentives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program developed an incentive program which rewards employees and tenants in such areas as: 'men-of-the-month,' 'suggestion program,' 'winning yard program,' and 'r...

1976-01-01

349

Solar House, Freiburg.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a 12-family-apartment house with improved thermal insulation, the realistic operation of two solar Domestic Hot Water (DHW) and heating systems with evacuated tubular collectors was analyzed for 6yr. The evacuated collectors operate reliably and show n...

K. Schreitmueller K. Vanoli

1984-01-01

350

Housing for Rvn Refugees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is intended as a manual for use by U. S. military advisors engaged in the supervision and construction of housing for refugee native populations in the Republic of Vietnam. Use of indigenous materials, manpower, and methods in self-help operati...

P. J. Rush

1969-01-01

351

Houses with Height Numbers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet allows students to freely build shapes by stacking cubes and "explore the relation between a building (house) consisting of cubes and the height numbers representing the height of the different parts of the building." This exercise helps students visualize and understand the concepts of volume and three-dimensional, measurable space.

Boon, Peter; Van Den Brink, Jan

2004-01-01

352

Housing, Management and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Horses tend to be housed in loose boxes, stalls, barns and shelters for ease of management, however these systems present several possible threats to equine health and welfare. These systems are reviewed together with the concerns they raise. A common system for the evaluation of the welfare of contained animals focuses on the provision of five freedoms. These are freedom

D. Mills; A. Clarke

353

Houses of straw  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the use of straw as the basic construction\\/insulation material of residential houses. Its ease of construction, excellent insulation value, and low cost make it an attractive option. Topics include history of straw bale; why straw; building with straw; international aspects; code compliance.

J. Weiss; L. Stone

1996-01-01

354

Snowshill: Cotswold Stone Houses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Snowshill, pronounced “Snozill”, is a village located on “the edge” of the Cotswolds, a range of hills in England (This England, 148). The area is designated an Area of Natural Beauty (AONB), which is considered to be equivalent to the status of a National Park in the United States. The Cotswold area is known for it’s stone houses which are

Chet Smolski

1973-01-01

355

Haunted by Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two fourth-grade teachers presented the idea of using the author's art class to inspire the students to write creatively. The theme of scary stories needed an art project to match. The author immediately had a favorite lesson in mind. By putting a small twist on one of her standard "Frank Lloyd Wright House" projects, scary plans began to take…

McNeece, Molly

2009-01-01

356

Playing House: Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Playing House: Stories is a collection of short fiction submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the MFA. Each story stands on its own and features a unique protagonist, but some commonalities in theme and subject matter extend across the collection. The stories realistically depict Americans in their twenties during the early twenty-first century. All of the stories involve

George Zamzow

2009-01-01

357

People with Disabilities (Housing)  

MedlinePLUS

Content current as of 24 March 2011 Back to top FOIA Privacy Web Policies and Important Links Home U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development 451 7th Street S.W., Washington, DC 20410 Telephone: (202) 708-1112 TTY: (202) 708-1455 Find the address of a HUD office near ...

358

Doll's House Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School physics rarely stands still for long. Environmental physics is now an option in some post-16 courses in England. The physics of environments, and in particular the built environment, offers a recognizable context in which to see the applications of physics at work. This article considers how a model doll's house might be used to help…

Kibble, Bob

2009-01-01

359

Can housing rights be applied to modern housing systems?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to outline and examine the growing corpus of housing rights and assess their relevance and applicability to complex contemporary housing systems across the world. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper sets out the principal instruments and commentaries on housing rights developed by the United Nations, regional and other bodies. It assesses their relevance in

Padraic Kenna

2010-01-01

360

1. EXTERIOR VIEW OF FRONT OF CLUB HOUSE. BOAT HOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. EXTERIOR VIEW OF FRONT OF CLUB HOUSE. BOAT HOUSE AND DOCK TO THE RIGHT. PICTURE TAKEN FROM FRONT YARD OF COTTAGE 231, CAMERA FACING SOUTHWEST. SMALL WOOD FRAME SHED IN FRONT OF CLUB HOUSE STORES FIRE HOSE BUILT AFTER 1980. - Swan Falls Village, Clubhouse 011, Snake River, Kuna, Ada County, ID

361

[Study of Hantavirus seoul in a human and rodent population from a marginal area in Buenos Aires City].  

PubMed

A sero-epidemiological survey was conducted to detect evidence of the circulation of Hantavirus seoul. This virus of worldwide distribution is associated with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. A total of 106 samples from people who live in a marginal area in Buenos Aires City and 29 Rattus norvegicus captured in the surroundings of their houses were tested for specific antibodies. Thirty five samples from hypertensive patients undergoing a follow up health program, living in the same neighbourhood, were also tested. The antibody prevalence in rodents was 31% while no evidence of infection was found in the human samples. PMID:12876901

Seijo, Alfredo; Pini, Noemí; Levis, Silvana; Coto, Héctor; Deodato, Bettina; Cernigoi, Beatriz; de Bassadoni, Diana; Enría, Delia

2003-01-01

362

Estrogen and Hippocampal Plasticity in Rodent Models  

PubMed Central

Accumulating evidence indicates that ovarian hormones regulate a wide variety of non-reproductive functions in the central nervous system by interacting with several molecular and cellular processes. A growing animal literature using both adult and aged rodent models indicates that 17?-estradiol, the most potent of the biologically relevant estrogens, facilitates some forms of learning and memory, in particular those that involve hippocampal-dependent tasks. A recently developed triple-transgenic mouse (3xTg-AD) has been widely used as an animal model of Alzheimer's disease, as this mouse exhibits an age-related and progressive neuropathological phenotype that includes both plaque and tangle pathology mainly restricted to hippocampus, amygdala and cerebral cortex. In this report, we examine recent studies that compare the effects of ovarian hormones on synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity in adult and aged rodents. A better understanding of the non-reproductive functions of ovarian hormones has far-reaching implications for hormone therapy to maintain health and function within the nervous system throughout aging.

Foy, Michael R.; Baudry, Michel; Brinton, Roberta Diaz; Thompson, Richard F.

2010-01-01

363

Changes in tau phosphorylation in hibernating rodents.  

PubMed

Tau is a cytoskeletal protein present mainly in the neurons of vertebrates. By comparing the sequence of tau molecule among different vertebrates, it was found that the variability of the N-terminal sequence in tau protein is higher than that of the C-terminal region. The N-terminal region is involved mainly in the binding of tau to cellular membranes, whereas the C-terminal region of the tau molecule contains the microtubule-binding sites. We have compared the sequence of Syrian hamster tau with the sequences of other hibernating and nonhibernating rodents and investigated how differences in the N-terminal region of tau could affect the phosphorylation level and tau binding to cell membranes. We also describe a change, in tau phosphorylation, on a casein kinase 1 (ck1)-dependent site that is found only in hibernating rodents. This ck1 site seems to play an important role in the regulation of tau binding to membranes. PMID:23606524

León-Espinosa, Gonzalo; García, Esther; García-Escudero, Vega; Hernández, Félix; Defelipe, Javier; Avila, Jesús

2013-04-19

364

Initial Housing Element, Richmond, Kentucky.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study seeks to identify the major problems and deficiencies of major problems and deficiencies of housing and suitable living environment for every family. To understand and identify housing problems an awareness of the obstacles that exist to perpetu...

1971-01-01

365

Regional Approaches to Affordable Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, prepared by the American Planning Association (APA) with funding from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Fannie Mae Foundation, examines regional planning strategies that enhance the feasibility of affordable housing...

J. Schwab R. Retzlaff S. Meck

2003-01-01

366

Meeting Our Nation's Housing Challenges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In December of 2000, the Congress of the United States established the bipartisan Millennial Housing Commission (MHC). Commission members were appointed by the chairs and ranking minority members of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees and Subco...

2002-01-01

367

Model State Housing Societies Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report suggests means by which legal relationships and responsibilities of urban residents to each other may be worked out. The Model State Housing Societies Law is designed to authorize and encourage the formation of neighborhood housing organization...

J. Krasnowiecki

1970-01-01

368

Psychiatric interview rooms and violence.  

PubMed

In this article, the layout of psychiatric interview rooms, the implications for preventing violent behaviour and avenues for improvement are discussed. By drawing attention to these poorly reported phenomena, it is hoped that future planning will be facilitated. PMID:7968402

Shah, A K

1994-07-01

369

What's New in Locker Rooms?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses athletic facility design and renovation issues that exist because of increasing numbers of female athletes. Outlines renovation issues such as locker room facilities, space for sports equipment, and additional athletic fields. (GR)|

Rittner-Heir, Robbin M.

2001-01-01

370

Laboratory Rodent Welfare: Thinking Outside the Cage  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary presents the case against housing rats and mice in laboratory cages; the commentary bases its case on their sentience, natural history, and the varied detriments of laboratory conditions. The commentary gives 5 arguments to support this position: (a) rats and mice have a high degree of sentience and can suffer, (b) laboratory environments cause suffering, (c) rats and

Jonathan Balcombe

2010-01-01

371

Dynamic Residential Housing Cycles Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops and tests a theoretical model for residential housing market cyclical dynamics. The model employs an interactive\\u000a supply and demand framework to engender housing price dynamics. Under our set of assumptions, the two equation system is econometrically\\u000a identified: the first equation, housing demand, relates rent, property values, and capitalization rates with demand fundamentals.\\u000a The second equation, housing supply,

Robert H. Edelstein; Desmond Tsang

2007-01-01

372

Room-temperature ductile carbides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large-grained, oriented, polycrystalline samples of Ti3SiC2 loaded in compression at room temperature deform plastically. When the basal planes are oriented in such a way that allows\\u000a for slip, deformation occurs by the formation of shear bands. The minimum critical resolved shear stress at room temperature\\u000a is ?36 MPa. When the slip planes are parallel to the applied load—a situation where

M. W. Barsoum; T. El-Raghy

1999-01-01

373

Nuclear reactor control room construction  

DOEpatents

A control room 10 for a nuclear plant is disclosed. In the control room, objects 12, 20, 22, 26, 30 are no less than four inches from walls 10.2. A ceiling 32 contains cooling fins 35 that extend downwards toward the floor from metal plates 34. A concrete slab 33 is poured over the plates. Studs 36 are welded to the plates and are encased in the concrete.

Lamuro, Robert C. (Pittsburgh, PA); Orr, Richard (Pittsburgh, PA)

1993-01-01

374

[The hybrid operating room: a cross between a catheterisation room and an operating room].  

PubMed

A hybrid operating room is a space that meets all the stringent requirements of an operating room harbouring the facilities of an interventional radiology or cardiology room. This technical innovation facilitates complex endovascular and hybrid operations in a sterile environment. The high-end imaging technique with the ability to perform three-dimensional reconstructions will lead to improved quality of endovascular operations. Moreover, this technique enables physicians to explore and extend the boundaries not only of cardiovascular but also of navigated minimally invasive surgical techniques. PMID:23114177

Hermsen, Pleun E A; van der Vlies, C H Kees; Akkersdijk, George P; Fioole, Bram

2012-01-01

375

National Housing Production Report, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report succeeds the Annual Reports of the President on the National Housing Goal which were sent to the Congress from 1969 through 1978. It describes the state of the housing inventory in 1977, the characteristics of housing production and marketing i...

1980-01-01

376

Measuring Local Aggregate House Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the ability of a range of popular aggregate house price indexes to predict house prices out-of-sample at the transaction level for a small geographic area. The analysis particularly addresses the utility of spatial econometric methods. The results suggest that spatial econometric methods, which more explicitly consider the spatial aspects of observed house prices, provide better predictive accuracy

Todd H. Kuethe

2011-01-01

377

Housing for Migrant Agricultural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to assist the producer in meeting the housing regulations of Federal, state, and local governments for migratory workers and thereby to attract better labor through adequate housing, this agricultural handbook contains discussions of the migrant-labor situation; regulations and standards; general housing considerations (i.e., length of…

Simons, J. W.; And Others

378

The Lessons of Norman House  

Microsoft Academic Search

Norman House in London is the prototype of the halfway house movement, which works for the resettle ment of homeless offenders. Norman House originated in its founder's visits to a prison where he realized that homelessness was frequently a consequence of repeated imprisonment, and recidivism itself a disqualification for social help on discharge. What the inadequate recidivist was asking for

Merfyn Turner

1969-01-01

379

College and University Apartment Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this book is to update housing professionals on the current issues and future trends facing college and university apartment operations in the 21st century. Its chapters are: (1) "The History of Apartment Housing" (Rena Buchan); (2) "Research in Apartment Housing" (Donald Whalen); (3) "Community Services and Programming: A Search…

Casey-Powell, Deborah, Ed.

380

The impacts of invasive rodents on island invertebrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The widespread invasive rodents Rattus norvegicus, R. rattus, R. exulans and Mus musculus have been implicated in the decline and extinction of hundreds of island endemic vertebrates, but their effects on island invertebrates are less well-known. Here I present the first global review of the subject, which confirms that large-bodied invertebrates are most at risk from these rodents, and that

James J. H. St Clair

2011-01-01

381

The structure of rodent faunas associated with arenaviral infections  

PubMed Central

The biogeographical examination of rodent faunas associated with arenaviruses reveals two distinct patterns. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus is associated primarily with a single murid species, Mus musculus, although it is also known to cause laboratory infections in other species. On the other hand, the arenaviruses from the Western hemisphere are associated exclusively with a large and diverse group of cricetid rodents. Studies to date, although limited, have not demonstrated their association with any other rodent groups, although in South America alone at least twelve other rodent families are known. Evidence at the present time indicates that Lassa virus is only associated with a common African rodent, Mastomys natalensis. From this limited evidence it is as yet difficult to determine whether Lassa virus will follow the pattern of the South American arenaviruses, most of which are known from several species of rodents, or that of LCM virus, which appears to be associated with only a single rodent species. In this paper, the history and structure of South American, Eurasian, and African rodent faunas are described.

Arata, A. A.; Gratz, N. G.

1975-01-01

382

Genetic Variants of Orientia tsutsugamushi in Domestic Rodents, Northern China  

PubMed Central

We screened Orientia tsutsugamushi from 385 domestic rodents and 19 humans with scrub typhus in rural Tai’an District, Shandong Province, a new scrub typhus epidemic area in northern China. Sequence analysis identified 7 genotypes in the rodents, of which 2 were also identified in the humans.

Zhang, Meng; Wang, Xian-Jun; Li, Zhong; Ding, Lei; Ding, Shu-Jun; Yang, Hui-Li

2013-01-01

383

Visual Landmarks Facilitate Rodent Spatial Navigation in Virtual Reality Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because many different sensory modalities contribute to spatial learning in rodents, it has been difficult to determine whether spatial navigation can be guided solely by visual cues. Rodents moving within physical environments with visual cues engage a variety of nonvisual sensory systems that cannot be easily inhibited without lesioning brain…

Youngstrom, Isaac A.; Strowbridge, Ben W.

2012-01-01

384

PREDICTIVE SIMULATION MODELING FOR ANTIANDROGEN IMPACTS ON RODENT PROSTATE  

EPA Science Inventory

Predictive simulation modeling for antiandrogen impacts on rodent prostate HA Barton1, RW Setzer1, LK Potter1,2 1US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, ETD, PKB, Research Triangle Park, NC and 2Curriculum in Toxicology, UNC, Chapel Hill, NC Changes in rodent prostate weight and functi...

385

Functional Evolution of the Feeding System in Rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The masticatory musculature of rodents has evolved to enable both gnawing at the incisors and chewing at the molars. In particular, the masseter muscle is highly specialised, having extended anteriorly to originate from the rostrum. All living rodents have achieved this masseteric expansion in one of three ways, known as the sciuromorph, hystricomorph and myomorph conditions. Here, we used finite

Philip G. Cox; Emily J. Rayfield; Michael J. Fagan; Anthony Herrel; Todd C. Pataky; Nathan Jeffery

2012-01-01

386

The care and management of laboratory hystricomorph rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The caging, feeding and handling of four unusual laboratory hystricomorph rodents is described. These rodents are: the chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger), the agouti (Dasyprocta aguti), the acouchi (Myoprocta pratti), and the African porcupine (Hystrix cristata). The animals were kept for study of their reproduction and some details of this are given. The Hystricomorpha is a sub-order of the Order Rodentia

Barbara J. Weir

1967-01-01

387

Recent and Widespread Rapid Morphological Change in Rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In general, rapid morphological change in mammals has been infrequently documented. Examples that do exist are almost exclusively of rodents on islands. Such changes are usually attributed to selective release or founder events related to restricted gene flow in island settings. Here we document rapid morphological changes in rodents in 20 of 28 museum series collected on four continents, including

Oliver R. W. Pergams; Joshua J. Lawler; Erik I. Svensson

2009-01-01

388

Genetic variants of Orientia tsutsugamushi in domestic rodents, northern China.  

PubMed

We screened Orientia tsutsugamushi from 385 domestic rodents and 19 humans with scrub typhus in rural Tai'an District, Shandong Province, a new scrub typhus epidemic area in northern China. Sequence analysis identified 7 genotypes in the rodents, of which 2 were also identified in the humans. PMID:23764295

Zhang, Meng; Zhao, Zhong-Tang; Wang, Xian-Jun; Li, Zhong; Ding, Lei; Ding, Shu-Jun; Yang, Hui-Li

2013-07-01

389

Licking and liking: The assessment of hedonic responses in rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affective processes are a key determinant of behaviour: At its simplest, liked stimuli are approached while disliked stimuli are avoided. Although assessing hedonic responses in nonverbal animals can be difficult, one relatively tractable approach relies on detailed analyses of rodents' consummatory behaviour. Rodents typically produce rhythmic sets of licks that can be grouped into clusters on the basis of the

Dominic M. Dwyer

2012-01-01

390

Licking and liking: The assessment of hedonic responses in rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affective processes are a key determinant of behaviour: at its simplest, liked stimuli are approached while disliked stimuli are avoided. Although assessing hedonic responses in non-verbal animals can be difficult, one relatively tractable approach relies on detailed analyses of rodents’ consummatory behaviour. Rodents typically produce rhythmic sets of licks that can be grouped into clusters on the basis of the

Dominic M. Dwyer

2011-01-01

391

Characterization of Lipopolysaccharides Present in Settled House Dust  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OHFAs) in lipopolysaccharides (LPS) play an important role in determining endotoxin activity, and childhood exposure to endotoxin has recently been associated with reduced risk of atopic diseases. To characterize the 3-OHFAs in house dust (HD), we used gas chromatography-mass spec- trometry to assay 190 HD samples. Dust from beds, bedroom floors, family rooms, and kitchen floors

Ju-Hyeong Park; Bogumila Szponar; Lennart Larsson; Diane R. Gold; Donald K. Milton

2004-01-01

392

16. CELLAR, UNDER WEST MEETING ROOM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. Discarded marble ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. CELLAR, UNDER WEST MEETING ROOM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. Discarded marble range top incorporated into a low brick partition. It is possible the range originally stood between the two brick walls beyond to the right. There appears to be a bricked-up fire box opening in the far wall. The fragments of the marble range top have been catalogued into the Architectural Study Collection of Independence National Historical Park. Dimensions recorded in Field Records. - Twelfth Street Meeting House, 20 South Twelfth Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

393

Relationships between ²²²Rn dissolved in ground water supplies and indoor ²²²Rn concentrations in some Colorado front range houses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indoor ²²²Rn concentrations were measured in 37 houses with alpha track detectors placed in water-use rooms near water sources (bathrooms, laundry rooms, and kitchens) and in non-water-use living rooms, dining rooms, and bedrooms away from water sources. Results show that relative contributions of ²²²Rn to indoor air from water use are insignificant when soil-gas concentrations are high but become increasingly

Peter F. Folger; R. B. Wanty; E. Poeter; P. Nyberg

1994-01-01

394

Bulgarian Banking System and the Housing Market.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bulgaria's housing industry, like most sectors of the economy, has experienced severe dislocation. The report explores one aspect of the sector -- housing finance. It discusses the current state of the banking and housing finance systems, explores housing...

R. M. Raviez

1991-01-01

395

The Relationship Between the Temperature in the HIMURO Type Cooling Storage House and Cooling Loads  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Snow and ice are the cold heat energy resources in snowy country. They are supplied during every winter seasons and free from environmental pollution. In the previous paper, the author had proposed a design method of the cold storage house for agricultural products cooled by the cold heat source of natural snow /ice in the winter. This type cold storage house has been called as HIMURO type storage house and has been used widely in snowy country. As there are some cases that the storing products are changed or much products are temporarily stored than the initial thermal capacity, in this paper, the author investigated the temperature in the storing room of the HIMURO type storage house. The non-dimensional room temperature, which was expressed by the two non-dimensional parameters, was used and discussed to clear the effects on the temperature by many parameters.

Kobiyama, Masayoshi

396

7 CFR 58.312 - Churn rooms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...USDA Inspection and Grading Service 1 Rooms and Compartments § 58.312 Churn rooms. Churn rooms in addition to proper construction and...objectionable odors and vapors and extreme temperatures by means of adequate ventilation and...

2013-01-01

397

7 CFR 58.409 - Drying room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Inspection and Grading Service 1 Rooms and Compartments § 58.409 Drying room. When applicable, a drying room of adequate size shall be provided...shall be provided for proper drying. Temperature and humidity control facilities...

2013-01-01

398

24 CFR 3285.502 - Expanding rooms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Expanding rooms. 3285.502 Section 3285...STANDARDS Optional Features § 3285.502 Expanding rooms. The support and anchoring systems for expanding rooms must be installed in accordance...

2009-04-01

399

24 CFR 3285.502 - Expanding rooms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Expanding rooms. 3285.502 Section 3285...STANDARDS Optional Features § 3285.502 Expanding rooms. The support and anchoring systems for expanding rooms must be installed in accordance...

2013-04-01

400

24 CFR 3285.502 - Expanding rooms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Expanding rooms. 3285.502 Section 3285...STANDARDS Optional Features § 3285.502 Expanding rooms. The support and anchoring systems for expanding rooms must be installed in accordance...

2010-04-01

401

The Children's House.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the important influence of nursery school design on the learning experiences of preschool children, focusing on the design of the "Haus Der Kinder," an all-day Montessori preschool that operated in Vienna in the 1930s. Notes the importance of a homelike atmosphere and a variety of room layouts and furniture. (MDM)|

Peller, Lili E.

1996-01-01

402

The Children's House.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the important influence of nursery school design on the learning experiences of preschool children, focusing on the design of the "Haus Der Kinder," an all-day Montessori preschool that operated in Vienna in the 1930s. Notes the importance of a homelike atmosphere and a variety of room layouts and furniture. (MDM)

Peller, Lili E.

1996-01-01

403

Morphometric variation in nearly unstudied populations of the most studied mammal: The non-commensal house mouse ( Mus musculus domesticus) in the Near East and Northern Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenotypic consequences in the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) of the transition from an ordinary field-dwelling rodent to a species that is dependent on human populations was studied by investigating the morphometric variation of non-commensal populations of M. m. domesticus from Syria, Jordan, SW Iran, and Libya and comparing them with that of conspecific commensal populations from Eastern Turkey,

Markéta Slábová; Daniel Frynta

2007-01-01

404

Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells Induce a House Dust Mite-Specific Th2 Allergic Inflammation in the Lung of Humanized SCID Mice: Involvement of CCR7  

Microsoft Academic Search

In rodents, airway dendritic cells (DCs) capture inhaled Ag, undergo maturation, and migrate to the draining mediastinal lymph nodes (MLN) to initiate the Ag-specific T cell response. However, the role of human DCs in the pathogenesis of the Th2 cell- mediated disease asthma remains to be clarified. Here, by using SCID mice engrafted with T cells from either house dust

Hamida Hammad; Bart N. Lambrecht; Pierre Pochard; Philippe Gosset

405

Scatter-hoarding rodents prefer slightly astringent food.  

PubMed

The mutualistic interaction between scatter-hoarding rodents and their seed plants is highly complex yet poorly understood. Plants may benefit from the seed dispersal behavior of rodents, as long as seed consumption is minimized. In parallel, rodents may maximize foraging efficiency and cache high-quality resources for future consumption. Defensive compounds, such as tannins, are thought to be a major mechanism for plant control over rodent behavior. However, previous studies, using naturally occurring seeds, have not provided conclusive evidence supporting this hypothesis. Here, we test the importance of tannin concentrations on the scatter-hoarding behavior of rodents by using an artificial seed system. We combined feeding trials and field observations to examine the overall impact of seed tannin concentrations on rodent behavior and health. We found that rodents favored seeds with an intermediate amount of tannin (~5%) in the field. Meanwhile, in rodents that were fed a diet with different tannin content, only diets with high tannin content (25%, 15%, and 10%) caused a significant negative influence on rodent survival and health. Significant differences were not found among treatments with tannin levels of 0-5%. In contrast to many existing studies, our results clearly demonstrate that scatter-hoarding rodents prefer slightly 'astringent' food. In the co-evolutionary arms race between plants and animals, our results suggest that while tannins may play a significant role in reducing general predation levels by the faunal community, they have no precise control over the behavior of their mutualistic partner. Instead, the two partners appear to have reached an evolutionary point where both parties receive adequate benefits, with the year-to-year outcome being dependent on a wide range of factors beyond the control of either partner. PMID:22046284

Wang, Bo; Chen, Jin

2011-10-26

406

Science House: Countertop Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page features a collection of more than 30 experiments for elementary and secondary science classrooms, all culled from teacher training workshops by The Science House. Each lab introduces a topic in a real-world context: for example, students make ice cream as they experiment with adding solutes to lower the freezing point of a solvent. Topics include conservation of mass, chemical reactions, density, radioactive decay, chromatography, gas properties, and more. The Science House is a project based at North Carolina State University. It sponsors teacher training programs, curriculum development, web-based experiments for use in K-12 classrooms, long-term loans of laboratory equipment, summer student research programs, and community outreach.

2011-04-29

407

Brain acetylcholinesterase activity recovery following acute methyl parathion intoxication in two feral rodent species: comparison to laboratory rodents  

SciTech Connect

Widespread use of organophosphorus insecticides (OPs) has produced both acute and chronic intoxication among nontarget organisms. Most such studies have included fish and birds as opposed to mammals. However, numerous OP toxicity studies have been conducted on laboratory rodents creating a temptation to apply this data to feral rodents. Chronic OP exposure has been reported to produce cholinergic adaptation which in turn lowers mortality rates following a subsequent acute anticholinesterase exposure. The relevance that these laboratory rodent studies have on feral rodents is subject to debate. Field studies involving OP exposure among nontarget feral mammals have produced contradictory results. Increased mortality as a result of repeated OP application has been reported. This observation may be of considerable importance to nontarget feral rodent populations due to the repetitive nature of OP application protocols. The ability of feral rodents to recover brain AChE activity (BAA) between OP application intervals undoubtedly promotes their survival. This study investigated and compared BAA recovery following acute oral methyl parathion intoxication among 2 feral rodent species and among 2 common laboratory rodent species.

Roberts, D.K.; Silvey, N.J.; Bailey, E.M. Jr.

1988-07-01

408

Domestic Rodent Control Training Manual: A Training Aid for the Rodent Control Category for Certification of Pesticide Applicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual, designed for training applicants who wish to obtain certification in pesticide application relative to rodent control, covers the following topics: economic factors, public health factors, biological characteristics of domestic rodents, rat and mouse signs, trapping, repellents, poisons, baits, poisoned water, dumps, sewers,…

Childress, William R., Jr.; And Others

409

Doll's house physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

School physics rarely stands still for long. Environmental physics is now an option in some post-16 courses in England. The physics of environments, and in particular the built environment, offers a recognizable context in which to see the applications of physics at work. This article considers how a model doll's house might be used to help learners understand energy transfer, thermal equilibrium, energy management, and responsible citizenship.

Kibble, Bob

2009-03-01

410

Housing characteristics 1993  

SciTech Connect

This report, Housing Characteristics 1993, presents statistics about the energy-related characteristics of US households. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) -- the ninth in a series of nationwide energy consumption surveys conducted since 1978 by the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy. Over 7 thousand households were surveyed, representing 97 million households nationwide. A second report, to be released in late 1995, will present statistics on residential energy consumption and expenditures.

NONE

1995-06-01

411

Housing, Management and Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Horses tend to be housed in loose boxes, stalls, barns and shelters for ease of management, however these systems present\\u000a several possible threats to equine health and welfare. These systems are reviewed together with the concerns they raise. A\\u000a common system for the evaluation of the welfare of contained animals focuses on the provision of five freedoms. These are\\u000a freedom

D. S. Mills; A. Clarke

412

House in a Plantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This second home designed by Rahul Mehrotra is in a mango plantation extending approx. 8 hectare, about 5 km north of Ahmedabad.\\u000a The climate of north-west India is largely dry and hot, so the detached house was placed in the centre of the plantation,\\u000a so that the evergreen trees can act as a natural filter. Heat and sunlight are greatly

413

Reroofing Your Uncle's House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive activity adapted from the Wisconsin Online Resource Center, students will "use mathematics and measuring skills to solve a construction problem." They will determine how many shingles are required to rerroof a house using common tools, and learn about the importance of planning and calculating necessary materials. The material is intended for students in grades 9-12.The lesson is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment and discussion questions. Users are encouraged to sign up for a free account.

2012-10-16

414

FUEL HANDLING FACILITY BACKUP CENTRAL COMMUNICATIONS ROOM SPACE REQUIREMENTS CALCULATION  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Fuel Handling Facility Backup Central Communications Room Space Requirements Calculation is to determine a preliminary estimate of the space required to house the backup central communications room in the Fuel Handling Facility (FHF). This room provides backup communications capability to the primary communication systems located in the Central Control Center Facility. This calculation will help guide FHF designers in allocating adequate space for communications system equipment in the FHF. This is a preliminary calculation determining preliminary estimates based on the assumptions listed in Section 4. As such, there are currently no limitations on the use of this preliminary calculation. The calculations contained in this document were developed by Design and Engineering and are intended solely for the use of Design and Engineering in its work regarding the FHF Backup Central Communications Room Space Requirements. Yucca Mountain Project personnel from Design and Engineering should be consulted before the use of the calculations for purposes other than those stated herein or use by individuals other than authorized personnel in Design and Engineering.

B. SZALEWSKI

2005-03-22

415

Automatic cortical thickness analysis on rodent brain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Localized difference in the cortex is one of the most useful morphometric traits in human and animal brain studies. There are many tools and methods already developed to automatically measure and analyze cortical thickness for the human brain. However, these tools cannot be directly applied to rodent brains due to the different scales; even adult rodent brains are 50 to 100 times smaller than humans. This paper describes an algorithm for automatically measuring the cortical thickness of mouse and rat brains. The algorithm consists of three steps: segmentation, thickness measurement, and statistical analysis among experimental groups. The segmentation step provides the neocortex separation from other brain structures and thus is a preprocessing step for the thickness measurement. In the thickness measurement step, the thickness is computed by solving a Laplacian PDE and a transport equation. The Laplacian PDE first creates streamlines as an analogy of cortical columns; the transport equation computes the length of the streamlines. The result is stored as a thickness map over the neocortex surface. For the statistical analysis, it is important to sample thickness at corresponding points. This is achieved by the particle correspondence algorithm which minimizes entropy between dynamically moving sample points called particles. Since the computational cost of the correspondence algorithm may limit the number of corresponding points, we use thin-plate spline based interpolation to increase the number of corresponding sample points. As a driving application, we measured the thickness difference to assess the effects of adolescent intermittent ethanol exposure that persist into adulthood and performed t-test between the control and exposed rat groups. We found significantly differing regions in both hemispheres.

Lee, Joohwi; Ehlers, Cindy; Crews, Fulton; Niethammer, Marc; Budin, Francois; Paniagua, Beatriz; Sulik, Kathy; Johns, Josephine; Styner, Martin; Oguz, Ipek

2011-03-01

416

Brain/body relations among myomorph rodents.  

PubMed

The observed increase in brain size (E) with body size (P) 'from mouse to elephant' may be described by a power relation E = kPb, where b is near 2/3 or 3/4. That this reflects a single, strong interaction between brain and body evolution is challenged by two observations: (1) different species with the same body size may have markedly different brain sizes, and (2) the value of b at the species level is usually nearer 1/3 than 2/3. Furthermore, the idea that a bigger brain means greater versatility on the part of its owner makes a strong statement about such animals. We examined these notions by measuring cranial volumes of 1,480 skulls from 62 subspecies of cricetid and murid rodents. Values of k and b were obtained by computing a reduced major axis on E and P across all specimens (b = 0.693), and when specimens were partitioned by genus (b = 0.456) and subspecies level (b = 0.338). Thus, the overall slope of 7/10 is not a simple extension of the developmental rules at the subspecies level (b near 1/3) nor even at the genus level (b near 4/9). Rather, it may reflect the most likely path for an interbreeding population subjected to varying selective pressures on one or more correlated traits. Furthermore, among the rodents studied, folivorous subspecies averaged about 2/3 as much brain as granivorous, insectivorous or generalist subspecies of the same body weight. Also, Old World rats, which may be more versatile than wood rats, gained their competitive advantage despite having relatively smaller brains. PMID:3280099

Mann, M D; Glickman, S E; Towe, A L

1988-01-01

417

Religion in the Locker Room  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In September 2011, Paul Phillips stepped out of his football team's field house and into a struggle over the separation of church and state. Like most teams, Paul's practiced after school. But one day he found that the coach had called in a local minister to conduct a weekly half-hour "team chapel" before practice. Paul, who does not believe in…

Price, Sean

2013-01-01

418

Microclimate monitoring of Ariadne's house (Pompeii, Italy) for preventive conservation of fresco paintings  

PubMed Central

Background Ariadne’s house, located at the city center of ancient Pompeii, is of great archaeological value due to the fresco paintings decorating several rooms. In order to assess the risks for long-term conservation affecting the valuable mural paintings, 26 temperature data-loggers and 26 relative humidity data-loggers were located in four rooms of the house for the monitoring of ambient conditions. Results Data recorded during 372 days were analyzed by means of graphical descriptive methods and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results revealed an effect of the roof type and number of walls of the room. Excessive temperatures were observed during the summer in rooms covered with transparent roofs, and corrective actions were taken. Moreover, higher humidity values were recorded by sensors on the floor level. Conclusions The present work provides guidelines about the type, number, calibration and position of thermohygrometric sensors recommended for the microclimate monitoring of mural paintings in outdoor or semi-confined environments.

2012-01-01

419

Small rodent winter survival: snow conditions limit access to food resources.  

PubMed

1. In Fennoscandia during winter small rodents spend most of their time in the subnivean space, between the snow cover and the ground. The subnivean space is probably not a uniform habitat, but broken into accessible and inaccessible patches by ice covering the vegetation. This might reduce access to otherwise available food resources. 2. To test whether ice formations reduce access to food and thus limit winter survival of small rodents, we conducted an experiment where we increased subnivean space by adding corrugated aluminium sheets on the ground before onset of winter. The sheets prevented ice formation, thus mimicking natural occurring subnivean space, and providing more room for animals living in the subnivean space to forage. 3. During the experiment 142 Microtus oeconomus were passive induced transponder (PIT)-tagged, and a system consisting of fixed tube-shaped antennas and PIT-tag readers were used to provide data to analyse winter survival and individual subnivean space use. The extent of winter grazing was measured after snow melt by examining percentage area grazed. 4. The treatment resulted in increased survival which corresponded well with significantly higher space use and more grazing under the sheets. 5. Females showed a positive correlation between probability of survival and body mass while no such effect was observed in males. 6. The results suggest that the snow cover reduces survival in winter by physically enclosing the vegetation in ice and thus reducing access to otherwise available food resources. The amount of ice and its configuration might vary between years due to changing weather patterns. Our results offer a mechanistic explanation for variations in winter survival and suggest incorporating climate variables in future small rodent models. 7. Directional and long-term changes in climate might result in increased ice formation in the subnivean system. Such deterioration may lead to reduced winter survival and act by stabilizing population dynamics and dampening vole cyclicity. PMID:16903053

Korslund, Lars; Steen, Harald

2006-01-01

420

Room temperature terahertz polariton emitter  

SciTech Connect

Terahertz (THz) range electroluminescence from intersubband polariton states is observed in the ultra strong coupling regime, where the interaction energy between the collective excitation of a dense electron gas and a photonic mode is a significant portion of the uncoupled excitation energy. The polariton's increased emission efficiency along with a parabolic electron confinement potential allows operation up to room temperature in a nonresonant pumping scheme. This observation of room temperature electroluminescence of an intersubband device in the THz range is a promising proof of concept for more powerful THz sources.

Geiser, Markus; Scalari, Giacomo; Castellano, Fabrizio; Beck, Mattias; Faist, Jerome [Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 16, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland)

2012-10-01

421

Reproductive changes in fluctuating house mouse populations in southeastern Australia.  

PubMed

House mice (Mus domesticus) in the Victorian mallee region of southeastern Australia show irregular outbreaks. Changes in reproductive output that could potentially drive changes in mouse numbers were assessed from 1982 to 2000. Litter size in females is positively correlated with body size. When standardized to an average size female, litter size changes seasonally from highest in spring to lowest in autumn and winter. Litter size is depressed throughout breeding seasons that begin when the abundance of mice is high, but is similar in breeding seasons over which the abundance of mice increases rapidly or remains low. Breeding begins early and is extended on average by about five weeks during seasons when mouse abundance increases rapidly. The size at which females begin to reproduce is larger during breeding seasons that begin when mouse abundance is high. An extended breeding season that begins early in spring is necessary for the generation of a house mouse plague, but it is not in itself sufficient. Reproductive changes in outbreaks of house mice in Australia are similar but not identical to reproductive changes that accompany rodent population increases in the Northern Hemisphere. We conclude that food quality, particularly protein, is a probable mechanism driving these reproductive changes, but experimental evidence for field populations is conflicting. PMID:11506689

Singleton, G; Krebs, C J; Davis, S; Chambers, L; Brown, P

2001-08-22

422

Lack of seroreactivity to Ehrlichia chaffeensis among rodent populations.  

PubMed

A retrospective serosurvey for antibodies to Ehrlichia chaffeensis was conducted on eight species of wild rodents (Mus musculus, Oryzomys palustris, Peromyscus leucopus, Rattus norvegicus, Reithrodontomys humulis, Sciurus carolinensis, Sciurus niger, and Sigmodon hispidus) from the southeastern United States. Serum samples (n = 281) collected between 1973 and 1993 were evaluated using an indirect fluorescent antibody test. All samples, screened at a dilution of 1:32, were negative for antibodies to E. chaffeensis. Sixty-three percent of the rodents tested were from areas where E. chaffeensis has been confirmed or is strongly suspected to be endemic. These data suggest limited or no involvement of rodents in the epidemiology of E. chaffeensis. PMID:9577793

Lockhart, J M; Davidson, W R; Stallknecht, D E; Dawson, J E

1998-04-01

423

Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in brain tissue of feral rodents and insectivores caught on farms in the Netherlands.  

PubMed

We investigated the presence of both Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in 250 brain tissue samples from 9 species of feral rodents and insectivores caught on 10 organic farms in the Netherlands in 2004. Collected samples were conserved in 4% paraformaldehyde solution and analysed by real-time PCR. For N. caninum, 31 samples originating from 6 species tested positive (12.4%): common shrews (33.3%), wood mice (17.6%), harvest mice (16.7%), house mice (15.4%), white-toothed shrews (10.8%) and common voles (4.2%). For T. gondii, the overall contamination level was 4%, and only three species were found to be positive: house mice (9.0%), common voles (4.2%) and white-toothed shrews (2.0%). Most N. caninum infected samples (27/31; 87%) were found on farms where dogs were present. Due to the observation that rodents and insectivores can contract both parasites, they might function as indicator species for the parasitic load on farms. PMID:21958437

Meerburg, B G; De Craeye, S; Dierick, K; Kijlstra, A

2011-09-14

424

7 CFR 58.409 - Drying room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...3 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Drying room. 58.409 Section 58.409 Agriculture...Service1 Rooms and Compartments § 58.409 Drying room. When applicable, a drying room of adequate size shall be provided...

2009-01-01

425

7 CFR 58.409 - Drying room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Drying room. 58.409 Section 58.409 Agriculture...Service 1 Rooms and Compartments § 58.409 Drying room. When applicable, a drying room of adequate size shall be provided...

2010-01-01

426

Underground house book  

SciTech Connect

Aesthetics, attitudes, and acceptance of earth-covered buildings are examined initially, followed by an examination of land, money, water, earth, design, heat, and interior factors. Contributions made by architect Frank Lloyd Wright are discussed and reviewed. Contemporary persons, mostly designers, who contribute from their experiences with underground structures are Andy Davis; Rob Roy; Malcolm Wells; John Barnard, Jr.; Jeff Sikora; and Don Metz. A case study to select the site, design, and prepare to construct Earthtech 6 is described. Information is given in appendices on earth-protected buildings and existing basements; financing earth-sheltered housing; heating-load calculations and life-cycle costing; and designer names and addresses. (MCW)

Campbell, S.

1980-01-01

427

Cleaning up the House  

SciTech Connect

Under the new 'Green the Capital' initiative, measures are making the House of Representatives a more energy efficient workplace. The Capital power plant, which burns mostly coal and natural gas to heat seven boilers, must operate in a carbon-neutral fashion by the end of 2008, by increasing energy efficiency and fuel switching. Roughly 103,000 MW hours of electricity will be bought each year from solar and wind-powered sources. Other measures being implemented are use of fluorescent light bulbs and recycled paper, and a boost in recycling of materials. 4 photos.

Hogue, C.

2007-12-15

428

Locker Rooms: The Durable Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers advice on heavy-use locker-room design that provides easier maintenance and vandal resistance. Design features and materials used for flooring, ceilings, and walls are addressed as are built-in systems and equipment, toilet and shower fixtures and partitions, lockers, and mechanical and electrical systems. (GR)

Viklund, Roy; Coons, John

1997-01-01

429

Bacteriological sampling of postmortem rooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty hospital and coroners' postmortem rooms in the West Midlands were visited over two years. The design, environmental facilities, and hygienic practices were investigated and air exchange rates were measured. Microbiological samples were taken from the environment and from gloves, hands, and protective clothing of staff. Glove punctures were also recorded and a plastic isolator evaluated. Bacterial counts in the

J R Babb; A J Hall; R Marlin; G A Ayliffe

1989-01-01

430

Making room for career change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to explore a model, “The Four Roomed Apartment of Change” developed by Swedish psychologist claes Janssen which uses existential psychology to understand and manage the processes of change. The model has been used extensively in organisations as a diagnostic tool to facilitate changes in organisations, which involve some psychological discomfort. This paper specifically examines whether

Patricia Hind

2005-01-01

431

Cryo Utilities Room Cooling System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many of the mechanical equipment failures at the Laboratory are due to the loss of cooling water. In order to insure the proper operating temperatures and to increase the reliability of the mechanical equipment in the D0 Cryo Utilities Room it is necessary to provide an independent liquid cooling system. To this end, an enclosed glycoVwater cooling system which transfers

G. S. Ball

1989-01-01

432

Locker Rooms: The Durable Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Offers advice on heavy-use locker-room design that provides easier maintenance and vandal resistance. Design features and materials used for flooring, ceilings, and walls are addressed as are built-in systems and equipment, toilet and shower fixtures and partitions, lockers, and mechanical and electrical systems. (GR)|

Viklund, Roy; Coons, John

1997-01-01

433

Locker Room Maintenance Made Easy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides examples on ways to make locker room maintenance easier and their use more student-friendly. Improvements include use of indoor-outdoor carpeting with numerous floor drains to cut mildew buildup, adequate ventilation to reduce musty smells, better hot water management, ceramic tiles to reduce water-damage repair and painting needs, and…

Theel, James

1998-01-01

434

National Low Income Housing Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Amid the successes of new residential housing developments throughout the United States, there are many policy analysts and community activists who remain concern about the general lack of affordable housing in some parts of the country. One such group is the National Low Income Housing Coalition, which is primarily focused on the creation and maintenance of housing for persons in the lowest income brackets. The site itself is quite rich in materials, including the AdvocateÂs Guide which contains short chapters describing more than 60 housing-related programs, proposals, and issues. Another very useful set of documents are the ÂOut of Reach annual reports, which offer statistical data and summaries of the affordability (or lack of affordability) of housing options in different regions of the country.

2005-01-01

435

75 FR 5706 - Federal Housing Administration: Insurance for Manufactured Housing: Reopening of Public Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 2502-AI45 Federal Housing Administration: Insurance for Manufactured Housing: Reopening of Public Comment Period AGENCY: Office...rule entitled ``Federal Housing Administration: Insurance for Manufactured...

2010-02-04

436

Gastrointestinal pathogens in rodents overwintering in human facilities around Uppsala, Sweden.  

PubMed

Rodents often live in close association with anthropogenic environments, offering rodent-associated pathogens numerous opportunities for transmission to humans. We screened for zoonotic gastrointestinal pathogens in rodents caught during autumn/winter in human dwellings in rural areas surrounding Uppsala, Sweden. We detected Campylobacter jejuni, Giardia sp., and Cryptosporidium sp. in rodent intestines. PMID:23778637

Lõhmus, Mare; Albihn, Ann

2013-07-01

437

House Prices and Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using quarterly data for all 379 metropolitan statistic areas (MSAs) in the U.S. from 1980:1 to 2008:2, this paper empirically\\u000a studies the effect of house prices on local Gross Metropolitan Product (GMP). We compare the effects of predictable and unpredictable\\u000a house price changes, which we use to capture the collateral and wealth effects of house prices respectively. We further analyze

Norman Miller; Liang Peng; Michael Sklarz

2011-01-01

438

Jane Addams Hull House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy CityâÂÂs West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

439

[October 4: World Housing Day].  

PubMed

World Housing Day will be celebrated October 4th, 1993. Its theme this year is women and housing development. Its purpose is to promote the recognition of women as active partners in the development of human establishments. World Housing Day is celebrated every year on the first Monday of October. The UN's Organization for Human Establishments, based in Nairobi, Kenya, organizes this day. The objective of this annual presentation is to attract the attention of the entire world to the importance of housing, which plays a determining role in health, productivity, and the feeling of social well-being. PMID:12318648

1993-08-01

440

Raised houses reduce mosquito bites  

PubMed Central

Background In many parts of continental Africa house construction does not appear to impede entry of malaria vectors and, given their generally late biting cycle, the great majority of transmission takes place indoors. In contrast, many houses in São Tomé, 140 km off the coast of Gabon, are raised on stilts and built of wooden planks. Building on stilts is a time-honoured, but largely untested, way of avoiding mosquito bites. Exposure may also be affected by mosquito activity times and age composition of host-seeking females. A study was therefore undertaken on the island of São Tomé to determine if exposure to Anopheles gambiae, the only vector on the island, varied with house construction or time of the night. Methods A series of all-night landing collections were undertaken out of doors at ground level, inside houses at ground level, on the verandas of, and inside houses built on stilts. The gonotrophic age of an unselected sample of insects from the first three hours of landing collection (18:00–21:00) was determined by dissection. In addition, 1,149 miniature light-trap collections were obtained from 125 houses in the study area. Numbers collected were related to house construction. Results Biting of An. gambiae took place primarily outside at ground level. Less than one third of biting occurred inside houses. Houses built on stilts had half the number of An. gambiae in them compared to those built at ground level. Conversely houses with an eaves gap had more An. gambiae in them than houses without such a gap. Gonotrophic age did not affect house entry rates in An. gambiae. House construction affected Culex quinquefasciatus less than An. gambiae. Mean density per house, derived from a series of 1,490 randomly assigned light-trap collections, was over-dispersed with 18% of houses having 70% of the vectors. Conclusion House construction plays an important role in determining exposure to malaria vectors in São Tomé. Neighbours can have very different exposure levels. Recommendations for improvement in control are given.

Charlwood, J Derek; Pinto, Joao; Ferrara, Patrica R; Sousa, Carla A; Ferreira, Conceicao; Gil, Vilfrido; do Rosario, Virgillo E

2003-01-01

441

ASSESSMENT OF HOST RESISTANCE TO INFECTION WITH RODENT MALARIA  

EPA Science Inventory

Resistance to malaria infection is known to require an intact immune system. his chapter presents an overview of rodent malaria, the host response to infection and methods for assessing infection in rats and mice....

442

Primary Rodent and Lightning Protective Sheath for Lightguide Cable.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new cable sheath system has been developed for fiber optic cables having strength elements in the sheath. This new primary sheath offers rodent, lightning, and mechanical protection in a configuration much smaller and lighter than previous designs using...

M. R. Reynolds C. J. Arroyo M. D. Kinard

1986-01-01

443

40 CFR 798.5450 - Rodent dominant lethal assay.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (CONTINUED) HEALTH EFFECTS TESTING GUIDELINES Genetic Toxicity § 798.5450 Rodent dominant lethal assay. (a) Purpose. Dominant lethal (DL) effects cause...

2013-07-01

444

40 CFR 798.5460 - Rodent heritable translocation assays.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (CONTINUED) HEALTH EFFECTS TESTING GUIDELINES Genetic Toxicity § 798.5460 Rodent heritable translocation assays. (a) Purpose. This test detects transmitted...

2013-07-01

445

Occurrence of ectoparasites on rodents in Sukhothai Province, northern Thailand.  

PubMed

A survey of ectoparasites on rodents was carried out bimonthly from April 2008 to March 2009 in 3 districts of Sukhothai Province, northern Thailand. A total of 130 rodents comprising 8 species of hosts were captured and examined for ectoparasites. The hosts examined were Bandicota indica, Bandicota savilei, Rattus losea, Rattus rattus, Rattus exulans, Rattus norvegicus, Menetes berdmorei and Tamiops mcclellandii. Ninety-seven ectoparasites were collected: 1 species of tick (Hemaphysalis bandicota), 2 species of mites (Laelaps nuttali and Laelaps echidninus), and 1 species of flea (Xenopsylla cheopis) were identified. The infestation rates by ticks, mites and fleas on the rodents were 0.77, 5.38 and 6.15%, respectively. Monitoring the rodent population and their ectoparasites is important for future planning of prevention and control of zoonotic diseases in the area. PMID:21329306

Changbunjong, Tanasak; Weluwanarak, Thekhawet; Chamsai, Tatiyanuch; Sedwisai, Poonyapat; Ngamloephochit, Seni; Suwanpakdee, Sarin; Yongyuttawichai, Plern; Wiratsudakul, Anuwat; Chaichoun, Kridsada; Ratanakorn, Parntep

2010-11-01

446

CCR-AMI Rodent List (CARL) - Model Search  

Cancer.gov

CCR Home | About CCR | CCR Intranet   • Search Database   • Submit New Model   • Database Committee Related NCI sites:   • Molecular Pathology Unit   • MMHCC   • MMHCC Database   • NCI Mouse Repository CCR-AMI Rodent List (CARL) - Model Search Quick

447

Dual captures of Colorado rodents: implications for transmission of hantaviruses.  

PubMed Central

We analyzed dual-capture data collected during longitudinal studies monitoring transmission and persistence of Sin Nombre virus in rodents in Colorado. Our data indicate that multiple captures (two or more rodents captured in a single trap) may not be random, as indicated by previous studies, but rather the result of underlying, species-specific social behavior or cohesiveness. In the pairs we captured, most often, rodents were of the same species, were male, and could be recaptured as pairs. Therefore, dual captures of rodents, which are unusual but not rare, tend to occur among certain species, and appear to be nonrandom, group-foraging encounters. These demographic and ecologic characteristics may have implications for the study of the transmission of hantaviruses.

Calisher, C. H.; Childs, J. E.; Sweeney, W. P.; Canestrop, K. M.; Beaty, B. J.

2000-01-01

448

Investigation and characterization of the frozen feeder rodent industry in Texas following a multi-state Salmonella Typhimurium outbreak associated with frozen vacuum-packed rodents.  

PubMed

A multi-state outbreak investigation of Salmonella Typhimurim cases associated with pet snakes and the frozen vacuum-packed rodents used to feed them identified a Texas frozen feeder rodent facility (Supplier A) as the source of the Salmonella-infected frozen rodents. Texas authorities collected samples directly from Supplier A. Seven Salmonella-positive samples out of 49 environmental swabs were found and one adult mouse out of 88 frozen feeder rodents was Salmonella-positive by culture. No Salmonella strains were isolated from rodent feeds. The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) subtype patterns of S. Typhimurium isolates from feeder rodent and environment samples were indistinguishable from the outbreak strain isolated from humans. A follow-up investigation was performed on all additional feeder rodent facilities identified in Texas. Salmonella was isolated at one of four facilities; seven of 100 rodent samples were positive for Salmonella at this facility. The serotype S. I 4,[5],12:i:- was isolated from seven feeder rodent samples, and PFGE patterns of the seven isolates were indistinguishable. As observed in the initial outbreak investigation, no Salmonella were cultured from rodent feeds at any of the facilities. The feeder rodent industry is an insufficiently recognized industry in the United States. Outbreak investigation and testing of additional feeder rodent facilities in Texas indicate that further evaluation of feeder rodent facilities as a source of Salmonella for pet snakes and humans is warranted. PMID:18811909

Lee, K M; McReynolds, J L; Fuller, C C; Jones, B; Herrman, T J; Byrd, J A; Runyon, M

2008-10-01

449

The vascular hybrid room--operating room of the future.  

PubMed

The last two decades have seen a paradigm shift in the treatment of vascular related diseases from once traditional open surgical repairs to the entire vascular tree being amenable to percutaneous interventions. Neither the classic operating room nor the conventional angiography suite is optimal for both open surgery and endovascular procedures. Important issues for the vascular hybrid operating room include quality of the imaging equipment, radiation burden, ease of use of the equipment, need for specially trained personnel, ergonomics, ability to perform both open and percutaneous procedures, sterile environments, as well as quality and efficiency of patient care. The most important feature of working in a dedicated hybrid vascular suite should be the ability to attain best treatment of vascular patients. Whether the interventional radiologist or the vascular surgeon uses the facilities is of less importance. Establishment of an endovascular operating room suite has the benefit of a sterile environment, and the possibility of performing hybrid procedures and conversions when necessary. Moreover, angiography immediately before treatment gives contemporary anatomical information, and after treatment provides quality control. Consequently, better quality and service can be provided to the individual patient. These changes in the treatment of vascular disease require that a new type of vascular specialist, named 'vascular hybrid surgeon', trained to perform both endovascular and open surgical procedures in this highly complex patient group. PMID:21462818

Hudorovi?, Narcis; Rogan, Suncica Andreja; Lovricevi?, Ivo; Zovak, Mario; Schmidt, Sasa

2010-09-01

450

Distribution and abundance of small rodents in Croatian forests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relative abundance and the population development of small rodents were investigated on 17 sites in Croatian forests from September 1999 through June 2003. Common snap traps were set for two or three nights along transect lines in different forest types. In 27,598 trap–nights, 2,151 specimens were trapped. Small rodents were present in up to 45% of the traps in

J. Margaleti?; M. Boži?; M. Grubeši?; M. Glavaš; W. Bäumler

2005-01-01

451

Cheek pouch capacities and loading rates of heteromyid rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rodents of the family Heteromyidae are proficient gatherers and hoarders of seeds. A major component of their adaptive specialization\\u000a for harvesting and transporting seeds is their spacious, fur-lined cheek pouches. Precise measurements of cheek pouch capacities\\u000a are essential if ecologists are to understand the foraging ecology, possible constraints on locomotion patterns, and competitive\\u000a relationships of heteromyid rodents. To measure the

Stephen B. Vander Wall; William S. Longland; Sanjay Pyare; Joseph A. Veech

1997-01-01

452

Tracking genome organization in rodents by Zoo-FISH.  

PubMed

The number of rodent species examined by modern comparative genomic approaches, particularly chromosome painting, is limited. The use of human whole-chromosome painting probes to detect regions of homology in the karyotypes of the rodent index species, the mouse and rat, has been hindered by the highly rearranged nature of their genomes. In contrast, recent studies have demonstrated that non-murid rodents display more conserved genomes, underscoring their suitability for comparative genomic and higher-order systematic studies. Here we provide the first comparative chromosome maps between human and representative rodents of three major rodent lineages Castoridae, Pedetidae and Dipodidae. A comprehensive analysis of these data and those published for Sciuridae show (1) that Castoridae, Pedetidae and Dipodidae form a monophyletic group, and (2) that the European beaver Castor fiber (Castoridae) and the birch mouse Sicista betulina (Dipodidae) are sister species to the exclusion of the springhare Pedetes capensis (Pedetidae), thus resolving an enduring trifurcation in rodent higher-level systematics. Our results together with published data on the Sciuridae allow the formulation of a putative rodent ancestral karyotype (2n = 50) that is thought to comprise the following 26 human chromosomal segments and/or segmental associations: HSA1pq, 1q/10p, 2pq, 2q, 3a, 3b/19p, 3c/21, 4b, 5, 6, 7a, 7b/16p, 8p/4a/8p, 8q, 9/11, 10q, 12a/22a, 12b/22b, 13, 14/15, 16q/19q, 17, 18, 20, X and Y. These findings provide insights into the likely composition of the ancestral rodent karyotype and an improved understanding of placental genome evolution. PMID:18266061

Graphodatsky, Alexander S; Yang, Fengtang; Dobigny, Gauthier; Romanenko, Svetlana A; Biltueva, Larisa S; Perelman, Polina L; Beklemisheva, Violetta R; Alkalaeva, Elena Z; Serdukova, Natalya A; Ferguson-Smith, Malcolm A; Murphy, William J; Robinson, Terence J

2008-02-11

453

Object recognition memory and the rodent hippocampus.  

PubMed

In rodents, the novel object recognition task (NOR) has become a benchmark task for assessing recognition memory. Yet, despite its widespread use, a consensus has not developed about which brain structures are important for task performance. We assessed both the anterograde and retrograde effects of hippocampal lesions on performance in the NOR task. Rats received 12 5-min exposures to two identical objects and then received either bilateral lesions of the hippocampus or sham surgery 1 d, 4 wk, or 8 wk after the final exposure. On a retention test 2 wk after surgery, the 1-d and 4-wk hippocampal lesion groups exhibited impaired object recognition memory. In contrast, the 8-wk hippocampal lesion group performed similarly to controls, and both groups exhibited a preference for the novel object. These same rats were then given four postoperative tests using unique object pairs and a 3-h delay between the exposure phase and the test phase. Hippocampal lesions produced moderate and reliable memory impairment. The results suggest that the hippocampus is important for object recognition memory. PMID:20028732

Broadbent, Nicola J; Gaskin, Stephane; Squire, Larry R; Clark, Robert E

2009-12-22

454

1. Oil house, keeper's house, Southern Light Tower and Northern ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Oil house, keeper's house, Southern Light Tower and Northern Light Tower, view northwest, south and east sides - Kennebec River Light Station, South side of Doubling Point Road, off State Highway 127, 1.8 miles south of U.S. Route 1, Arrowsic, Sagadahoc County, ME

455

Subsidized Housing, Public Housing, and Adolescent Violence and Substance Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the separate relationships of public housing residence and subsidized housing residence to adolescent health risk behavior. Data include 2,530 adolescents aged 14 to 19 who were children of the National the Longitudinal Study of Youth. The author used stratified propensity methods to compare the behaviors of each…

Leech, Tamara G. J.

2012-01-01

456

Housing in America 1985/86. Current Housing Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of data, collected in 1985 and 1986, is presented in this first biennial report that deals with U.S. housing and the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of its occupants. The U.S. Census American Housing Survey of 1985 is the primary database for the report, which provides an excellent resource for teacher background…

Current Housing Report, 1989

1989-01-01

457

Housing authority of Baltimore City-Public Housing Energy Workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NASA\\/Baltimore Applications Project operating at the Goddard Space Flight Center was called upon by the Housing Authority of Baltimore City to consider the problems of providing low cost public housing because of increased energy costs and suggest methods for correction and alleviation. The first step chosen was to elicit as many different options for solution as possible through means

T. S. Golden

1980-01-01

458

20 CFR 654.415 - Insect and rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...654.415 Section 654.415 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR SPECIAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE EMPLOYMENT SERVICE SYSTEM Housing for Agricultural Workers Housing Standards §...

2012-04-01

459

Divergent patterns of breakpoint reuse in Muroid rodents.  

PubMed

Multiple Genome Rearrangement (MGR) analysis was used to define the trajectory and pattern of chromosome rearrangement within muroid rodents. MGR was applied using 107 chromosome homologies between Mus, Rattus, Peromyscus, the muroid sister taxon Cricetulus griseus, and Sciurus carolinensis as a non-Muroidea outgroup, with specific attention paid to breakpoint reuse and centromere evolution. This analysis revealed a high level of chromosome breakpoint conservation between Rattus and Peromyscus and indicated that the chromosomes of Mus are highly derived. This analysis identified several conserved evolutionary breakpoints that have been reused multiple times during karyotypic evolution in rodents. Our data demonstrate a high level of reuse of breakpoints among muroid rodents, further supporting the "Fragile Breakage Model" of chromosome evolution. We provide the first analysis of rodent centromeres with respect to evolutionary breakpoints. By analyzing closely related rodent species we were able to clarify muroid rodent karyotypic evolution. We were also able to derive several high-resolution ancestral karyotypes and identify rearrangements specific to various stages of Muroidea evolution. These data were useful in further characterizing lineage-specific modes of chromosome evolution. PMID:20033182

Mlynarski, E E; Obergfell, C J; O'Neill, M J; O'Neill, R J

2009-12-22

460

Protection of Geophysical, Communication and Power Transmission Cable Against Rodent Species Attack by R-55 Rodent Repellent Treatment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The chemical, tert butylsulfenyl dimethyldithiocarbamate (designated R-55 Rodent Repellent), which has a high degree of repellency to a number of animal and insect species was approved for the protective treatment of geophysical cables against specific ro...

T. H. Mailen R. E. Stansbury

1966-01-01

461

Integration and Contagion in US Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores integration and contagion among US metropolitan housing markets. The analysis applies Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) house price repeat sales indexes from 384 metropolitan areas to estimate a multi-factor model of U.S. housing market integration. It then identifies statistical jumps in metropolitan house price returns as well as MSA contemporaneous and lagged jump correlations. Finally, the paper

John Cotter; Stuart Gabriel; Richard Roll

2011-01-01

462

COMMODIFICATION OF HOUSING WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In its attempt to reform the housing system, China has rapidly marketized but not privatized the housing production process and system. In contrast, the consumption of housing is privatized quickly but marketized slowly. Yet, the housing allocation process still largely relies on the old system of heavy subsidization. Nonetheless, housing subsidy has been curtailed and the growth in home ownership

Rebecca L. H. Chiu

2001-01-01

463

Integration of Public Housing With a Housing Voucher Program: An Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents major issues related to applying the housing voucher concept to the public housing program, with emphasis on the underlying comparative cost considerations. Two major issues underlie much of the discussion about public housing and hous...

J. P. Riley

1981-01-01

464

ERS/USDA: Briefing Rooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2001 the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Economic Research Service (see the July 2, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics) launched several services that collectively offer expanded access to information on economic and policy issues related to agriculture, food, natural resources, and rural development. The briefing rooms are in-depth overviews of over 70 selected topics which include background, features, recommended readings, recent research developments, suggested data,newsletters, and links, among other content.

2001-01-01

465

LBJ White House Tapes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

C-SPAN Radio 90 presents a series of archival recordings that allow listeners to eavesdrop on presidential history. The White House Tapes Archive contains private telephone conversations released by the Presidential Libraries of former President Lyndon Baines Johnson. The Johnson Library has released more than 235 hours of tape, spanning from November 1963 to August 1964, with a few from 1965 to 1967. Currently, the LBJ Tapes archive contains over forty hours of 810 conversations, with additional conversations added each week. Because of the extent of the LBJ collection, C-SPAN provides a search facility allowing users to browse through eleven topics (e.g. Civil Rights Bill, The Kennedy Assassination, Vietnam) or search by keyword(s) and conversation participants.

466

Low-Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Wild House Mice  

PubMed Central

Background Avian influenza viruses are known to productively infect a number of mammal species, several of which are commonly found on or near poultry and gamebird farms. While control of rodent species is often used to limit avian influenza virus transmission within and among outbreak sites, few studies have investigated the potential role of these species in outbreak dynamics. Methodology/Principal Findings We trapped and sampled synanthropic mammals on a gamebird farm in Idaho, USA that had recently experienced a low pathogenic avian influenza outbreak. Six of six house mice (Mus musculus) caught on the outbreak farm were presumptively positive for antibodies to type A influenza. Consequently, we experimentally infected groups of naïve wild-caught house mice with five different low pathogenic avian influenza viruses that included three viruses derived from wild birds and two viruses derived from chickens. Virus replication was efficient in house mice inoculated with viruses derived from wild birds and more moderate for chicken-derived viruses. Mean titers (EID50 equivalents/mL) across all lung samples from seven days of sampling (three mice/day) ranged from 103.89 (H3N6) to 105.06 (H4N6) for the wild bird viruses and 102.08 (H6N2) to 102.85 (H4N8) for the chicken-derived viruses. Interestingly, multiple regression models indicated differential replication between sexes, with significantly (p<0.05) higher concentrations of avian influenza RNA found in females compared with males. Conclusions/Significance Avian influenza viruses replicated efficiently in wild-caught house mice without adaptation, indicating mice may be a risk pathway for movement of avian influenza viruses on poultry and gamebird farms. Differential virus replication between males and females warrants further investigation to determine the generality of this result in avian influenza disease dynamics.

Shriner, Susan A.; VanDalen, Kaci K.; Mooers, Nicole L.; Ellis, Jeremy W.; Sullivan, Heather J.; Root, J. Jeffrey; Pelzel, Angela M.; Franklin, Alan B.

2012-01-01

467

Money Illusion and Housing Frenzies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reduction in inflation can fuel run-ups in housing prices if people suffer from money illusion. For example, investors who decide whether to rent or buy a house by simply comparing monthly rent and mortgage payments do not take into account that inflation lowers future real mortgage costs. We decompose the price-rent ratio in a rational component -- meant to

Markus K. Brunnermeier; Christian Julliard

2006-01-01

468

Simulation of Housing Market Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed over the past decade by the Urban Studies Croup of the National Bureau of Economic Research, the NBER Urban Simulation Model is primarily a model of the urban housing market. It represents other urban phenomena such as industrial location, transportation systems, and changes in the demographic structure of the population, but the behavior of the housing \\

John F. Kain; William C. Apgar

1979-01-01

469

Housing in the Denver Region.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains an inventory of the housing supply of the Denver SMSA and constituent counties as of April 1, 1972, by tenure, price-rent ranges and by minority occupancy. Vacancy ratios and household sizes are estimated. The housing requirements of t...

1972-01-01

470

Raised houses reduce mosquito bites  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In many parts of continental Africa house construction does not appear to impede entry of malaria vectors and, given their generally late biting cycle, the great majority of transmission takes place indoors. In contrast, many houses in São Tomé, 140 km off the coast of Gabon, are raised on stilts and built of wooden planks. Building on stilts is

J Charlwood; Joao Pinto; Patrica R Ferrara; Carla A Sousa; Conceicao Ferreira; Vilfrido Gil; Virgillo E do Rosário

2003-01-01

471

Housing Return and Construction Cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model that derives both housing returns and housing construction patterns from events in the real economy. The value of a home, unlike the value of many other financial assets, depends upon the care its owner exerts on upkeep. Within the model banks respond to this moral hazard problem by restricting the size of the loans they

Matthew I. Spiegel

1999-01-01

472

House prices and city revenues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very little is known about what impact recent large upward and downward swings in single-family home values have had on local government budgets. Using a unique 15-year panel of Florida cities that includes both detailed revenue and house price data, we investigate the pathways whereby a change in house price may affect city revenue per capita and test for symmetric

William M. Doerner; Keith R. Ihlanfeldt

2011-01-01

473

Anisotropic Autocorrelation in House Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines anisotropic spatial autocorrelation in single-family house prices and in hedonic house-price equation residuals using a spherical semivariogram and transactions data for one county in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, MSA. Isotropic semivariograms model spatial relationships as a function of the distance separating properties in space. Anisotropic semivariograms model spatial relationships as a function of both the distance and the

Kevin Gillen; Thomas Thibodeau; Susan Wachter

2001-01-01

474

The House Plan at Cypress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A House system is planned for Cypress Junior College, California, for an expected enrollment of 12,000. This idea of a residence hall where students live and work together may be organized around a major field (science, engineering, arts) or for a deliberate interdisciplinary mix. Usually a House plan brings living and learning together to…

Walker, Daniel G.

475

Segmentation in Urban Housing Markets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the hypothesis that urban housing markets are segmented, in the sense that significantly different prices per unit of housing services exist contemporaneously in spatially or structurally defined markets, is tested. A main conclusion is that the market is working fairly efficiently to eliminate price premiums and discounts.…

Schnare, Ann B.; Struyk, Raymond J.

1976-01-01

476

Bubbles in Metropolitan Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A commonsense and empirically supported approach to explaining metropolitan real house price changes is for the theory to describe an equilibrium price level to which the market is constantly adjusting. The determinants of real house price appreciation, then, can be divided into two groups, one that explains changes in the equilibrium price and the other that accounts for the adjustment

Jesse M. Abraham; Patric H. Hendershott

1994-01-01

477

Welcome to the House System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Searching for ways to help students feel more connected to one another and to the school community as a whole, a junior high school implemented the social house approach. Social houses divide students into multiple social units, rather than into separate academic entities. Each unit has its own identity and theme.The different groups mix during…

Green, Daniel G.

2006-01-01

478

Housing Uncertainty and Childhood Impatience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study demonstrates a direct link between housing uncertainty and children's time preferences, or patience. We show that students who face housing uncertainties through mortgage foreclosures and eviction learn impatient behavior and are therefore at greater risk of making poor intertemporal choices such as dropping out of school. We find that…

Anil, Bulent; Jordan, Jeffrey L.; Zahirovic-Herbert, Velma

2011-01-01

479

2. VIEW OF WASTE HOUSE/SECTION 16 IN FOREGROUND CENTER, WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF WASTE HOUSE/SECTION 16 IN FOREGROUND CENTER, WITH NAPPING BUILDING/SECTION 12 AT LEFT, CLOTH ROOM/SECTION 15 IN CENTER, SHOWING SAWTOOTH MONITOR ROOF. MILL NO. 1/SECTION 4 IS AT EXTREME RIGHT: BOOTT MILLS AND CHIMNEY IN BACKGROUND (ACROSS BRIDGE STREET), LOOKING WEST-NORTHWEST. April 1989 - Massachusetts Mills, 95 Bridge Street, Lowell, Middlesex County, MA

480

24 CFR 574.310 - General standards for eligible housing activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...quality standards. All housing assisted under § 574.300(b) (3...resident. (iv) Interior air quality. Every room or space...be free of pollutants in the air at levels that threaten the...Any building or structure assisted with amounts under this...

2013-04-01

481

46. Construction Drawing 2042F163, entitled Power House Longitudinal Section CC ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

46. Construction Drawing 2042-F-163, entitled Power House- Longitudinal Section C-C through Boiler Room. (Original drawing, in the possession of Wyre Dick and Company, Livingston, New Jersey.) - Central Railroad of New Jersey, Engine Terminal, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ

482

Rodent model of direct cranial blast injury.  

PubMed

Traumatic brain injury resulting from an explosive blast is one of the most serious wounds suffered by warfighters, yet the effects of explosive blast overpressure directly impacting the head are poorly understood. We developed a rodent model of direct cranial blast injury (dcBI), in which a blast overpressure could be delivered exclusively to the head, precluding indirect brain injury via thoracic transmission of the blast wave. We constructed and validated a Cranium Only Blast Injury Apparatus (COBIA) to deliver blast overpressures generated by detonating .22 caliber cartridges of smokeless powder. Blast waveforms generated by COBIA replicated those recorded within armored vehicles penetrated by munitions. Lethal dcBI (LD(50) ? 515?kPa) was associated with: (1) apparent brainstem failure, characterized by immediate opisthotonus and apnea leading to cardiac arrest that could not be overcome by cardiopulmonary resuscitation; (2) widespread subarachnoid hemorrhages without cortical contusions or intracerebral or intraventricular hemorrhages; and (3) no pulmonary abnormalities. Sub-lethal dcBI was associated with: (1) apnea lasting up to 15?sec, with transient abnormalities in oxygen saturation; (2) very few delayed deaths; (3) subarachnoid hemorrhages, especially in the path of the blast wave; (4) abnormal immunolabeling for IgG, cleaved caspase-3, and ?-amyloid precursor protein (?-APP), and staining for Fluoro-Jade C, all in deep brain regions away from the subarachnoid hemorrhages, but in the path of the blast wave; and (5) abnormalities on the accelerating Rotarod that persisted for the 1 week period of observation. We conclude that exposure of the head alone to severe explosive blast predisposes to significant neurological dysfunction. PMID:21639724

Kuehn, Reed; Simard, Philippe F; Driscoll, Ian; Keledjian, Kaspar; Ivanova, Svetlana; Tosun, Cigdem; Williams, Alicia; Bochicchio, Grant; Gerzanich, Volodymyr; Simard, J Marc

2011-08-08

483

Viewing Housing Holistically: The Resident-Focused Component of the Housing-Plus Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: It is widely believed that housing affects both residents' social and economic opportunities and the prospects for neighborhood upgrading. Housing plus refers to the public or nonprofit sectors providing affordable housing together with services that support family well-being and community development within subsidized rental housing developments. In this article I consider whether providing housing plus services rather than housing

Rachel G. Bratt

2008-01-01

484

41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Property for Providing Self-Help Housing Or Housing Assistance...102-75.550 What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean? Property for self-help housing or housing assistance...Title V of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act covered...

2009-07-01

485

41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Property for Providing Self-Help Housing Or Housing Assistance...102-75.550 What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean? Property for self-help housing or housing assistance...Title V of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act covered...

2013-01-01

486

41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Property for Providing Self-Help Housing Or Housing Assistance...102-75.550 What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean? Property for self-help housing or housing assistance...Title V of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act covered...

2010-07-01

487

Novel room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

Today's information world, bits of data are processed by semiconductor chips, and stored in the magnetic disk drives. But tomorrow's information technology may see magnetism (spin) and semiconductivity (charge) combined in one 'spintronic' device that exploits both charge and 'spin' to carry data (the best of two worlds). Spintronic devices such as spin valve transistors, spin light emitting diodes, non-volatile memory, logic devices, optical isolators and ultra-fast optical switches are some of the areas of interest for introducing the ferromagnetic properties at room temperature in a semiconductor to make it multifunctional. The potential advantages of such spintronic devices will be higher speed, greater efficiency, and better stability at a reduced power consumption. This Thesis contains two main topics: In-depth understanding of magnetism in Mn doped ZnO, and our search and identification of at least six new above room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors. Both complex doped ZnO based new materials, as well as a number of nonoxides like phosphides, and sulfides suitably doped with Mn or Cu are shown to give rise to ferromagnetism above room temperature. Some of the highlights of this work are discovery of room temperature ferromagnetism in: (1) ZnO:Mn (paper in Nature Materials, Oct issue, 2003); (2) ZnO doped with Cu (containing no magnetic elements in it); (3) GaP doped with Cu (again containing no magnetic elements in it); (4) Enhancement of Magnetization by Cu co-doping in ZnO:Mn; (5) CdS doped with Mn, and a few others not reported in this thesis. We discuss in detail the first observation of ferromagnetism above room temperature in the form of powder, bulk pellets, in 2-3 mu-m thick transparent pulsed laser deposited films of the Mn (<4 at. percent) doped ZnO. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) spectra recorded from 2 to 200nm areas showed homogeneous distribution of Mn substituting for Zn a 2+ state in the ZnO lattice. Ferromagnetic Resonance (FMR) technique is used to confirm the existence of ferromagnetic ordering at temperatures as high as 425K. The ab initio calculations were found to be consistent with the observation of ferromagnetism arising from fully polarized Mn 2+ state. The key to observed room temperature ferromagnetism in this system is the low temperature processing, which prevents formation of clusters, secondary phases and the host ZnO from becoming n-type. The electronic structure of the same Mn doped ZnO thin films studied using XAS, XES and RIXS, revealed a strong hybridization between Mn 3d and O 2p states, which is an important characteristic of a Dilute magnetic Semiconductor (DMS). It is shown that the various processing conditions like sintering temperature, dopant concentration and the properties of precursors used for making of DMS have a great influence on the final properties. Use of various experimental techniques to verify the physical properties, and to understand the mechanism involved to give rise to ferromagnetism is presented. Methods to improve the magnetic moment in Mn doped ZnO are also described. New promising DMS materials (such as Cu doped ZnO are explored). The demonstrated new capability to fabricate powder, pellets, and thin films of room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors thus makes possible the realization of a wide range of complex elements for a variety of new multifunctional phenomena related to Spintronic devices as well as magneto-optic components.

Gupta, Amita

2004-11-01

488

The Future of the American Housing Dream.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a profile of the population to be housed at the beginning of the twenty-first century, an analysis of predictions by housing futurists, and near-term forecasts for the housing product and process. (JOW)|

White, Betty Jo

1983-01-01

489

Housing Demand of Low-Income Households.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This first in a series of four reports examining the housing market behavior of low - income households evaluates the efficacy of demand - oriented housing programs by providing estimates of the responses of low - income renter households to housing price...

F. J. Cronin

1979-01-01

490

Rightmeyer House at Back Bay NWR  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This photo shows the Righmeyer House at Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge, which will be rehabilitated with Recovery Act funding to house the refuge's offices. Related to the R5GA ? Repair Rightmeyer House ? Back Bay NWR project....

2009-07-15

491

[Small rodents in the forest ecosystem as infectious disease reservoirs].  

PubMed

Due to numerousness of populations and width of ecologic valence, small rodents are important parts of almost any forest ecosystem. The represent an important animal group, which connects primary makers with higher trophic levels. They transmit various infectious diseases dangerous for the health of people and domestic and wild animals (trichinosis, leptospirosis, tick encephalitis, Lyme disease, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, etc.). The following species of small rodents live in forest ecosystems of Croatia: Chletrionomys glareolus Schreib., Arvicola terrestris L, M. subterraneus de Sel., M. arvalis Pall., M. agrestis L, M. multiplex Fat., Apodemus agrarius Pall., A. sylvaticus L. and A. flavicollis Melch. Small rodents transmit causative agents of diseases in active (excretion products) of passive (ectoparasites and endoparasites) ways. Their multiplication potential is quite high. Transmission of certain disease sometimes takes place extremely fast due to the high number of rodents, their high movability and distribution, and the fact that they easily get in touch with men and domestic and wild animals. The number of population of each species is directly influenced by abiotic and biotic factors and changes during one year and in a several year period. In a year when the influence of ecologic factors is favorable, it is presumed that the number of these rodents will significantly increase, by which the danger of their damaging effect also increases. The following factors influence the increase of a small rodent population: number and physiologic condition of the population, meteorologic conditions, habitat, food sources, natural enemies, and diseases. The occurrence of an epidemic is closely connected to the number and infectivity of causative agents. Regular control of the number of rodent population and their infectivity can help in planning preventive epidemiologic and sanitary measures to preclude the occurrence of epidemics and individual cases of disease among animals and humans who come in contact with forest (forest workers, holiday makers, hikers, soldiers, tourists, etc.). PMID:15011471

Margaleti?, Josip

2003-01-01

492

Do patients in hospitals benefit from single rooms? A literature review.  

PubMed

In the context of growing attention for 'healing environments' and 'evidence based design' an increasing number of hospitals have decided to provide single-bedded rooms. However it remains unclear to what extent these policy decisions are based on scientific evidence. The aim of this study is to review the literature on benefits of single patient rooms for patients. The following outcome measures were used: privacy and dignity, patient satisfaction with care, noise and quality of sleep, hospital infection rates, recovery rates, and patient safety issues. We selected 25 studies for review. Randomized controlled trials on this subject were scarce, but other empirical studies have been found. We found that single rooms have a moderate effect on patient satisfaction with care, noise and quality of sleep, and the experience of privacy and dignity. Conflicting results have been found on hospital infection rates. Some studies did not show significant differences, while others concluded that single rooms decrease the risk of hospital infections. Evidence on recovery rates and patient safety was lacking. Too few sound studies were found to evaluate the effects of single patient rooms thoroughly. Future research should build the body of knowledge on single-bedded rooms in order to explore their impact on well-being and healing on both patients and staff. Also consequences of single rooms to management of care should be explored. Research should support policy making by exploring, indicating and initiating improvements in patient housing and quality of care. PMID:17631979

van de Glind, Irene; de Roode, Stanny; Goossensen, Anne

2007-07-12

493

30 CFR 57.4262 - Underground transformer stations, combustible liquid storage and dispensing areas, pump rooms...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...storage and dispensing areas, pump rooms, compressor rooms, and hoist rooms. 57.4262...storage and dispensing areas, pump rooms, compressor rooms, and hoist rooms. Transformer...for combustible liquids, pump rooms, compressor rooms, and hoist rooms shall be...

2013-07-01

494

Evaluation of Affordable Prototype Houses at Two Levels of Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Two high performance prototype houses were built in Carbondale, Colorado, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America (BA) Program. Each prototype was a 1256 ft2 (117 m2), 1-story, 3-bedroom house, and met the local requirements for affordable housing. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performed short-term field testing and DOE-2.2 simulations in support of this project at the end of December 2004. We also installed long-term monitoring equipment in one of the houses, and are currently tracking the performance of key building systems under occupied conditions. One of the houses (designated H1) included a package of cost-effective energy efficiency features that placed it well above the Energy Star level, targeting a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) score of 88-89. The other (designated H2) was a BA research house, targeting a HERS score of 94-95, and 45% whole-house energy savings compared to the BA Benchmark. Preliminary results from the field evaluation indicate that the energy savings for both houses will exceed the design targets established for the project, although the performance of certain building systems, including the ventilation and foundation systems, leave some room for improvement.

Hendron, R.; Barker, G.; Hancock, E.; Reeves, P.

2006-10-01

495

Effect of short-term pair housing of juvenile rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) on immunologic parameters.  

PubMed

Social housing of nonhuman primates (NHP) in an infectious disease setting presents unique challenges, and individual housing is often scientifically justified. At our institute, we recognized an opportunity to limit individual housing to the minimal period necessary by pair-housing NHP after quarantine and separating them just before they are moved into holding rooms for infectious disease studies. To alleviate concerns that pair-housing followed by separation affects the immune system of NHP and makes them unfit as research candidates, we designed a short-term pair-housing study. After a 3-wk baseline period, juvenile rhesus macaques (age, 3 to 4 y) were paired for 7 wk and then separated for 7 wk. During the study, serum cortisol, lymphocyte subsets, and proinflammatory cytokines were measured. The average values for all parameters were significantly lower after separation than during the baseline period. We conclude that short-term pair housing is a viable option at our institute for social housing of NHP. PMID:23849405

Benton, Carrie G; West, Michael W; Hall, Shane M; Marko, Shannon T; Johnson, Joshua C

2013-01-01

496

7 CFR 58.410 - Paraffining room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...provided for paraffining and boxing the cheese. The room shall be of adequate size and the temperature maintained near the temperature of the drying room to avoid sweating of the cheese prior to...

2010-01-01

497

7 CFR 58.410 - Paraffining room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...provided for paraffining and boxing the cheese. The room shall be of adequate size and the temperature maintained near the temperature of the drying room to avoid sweating of the cheese prior to...

2009-01-01

498

7 CFR 58.410 - Paraffining room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...provided for paraffining and boxing the cheese. The room shall be of adequate size and the temperature maintained near the temperature of the drying room to avoid sweating of the cheese prior to...

2013-01-01

499

Improved Equipment Arrangements for Tracon Rooms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the results of a research project conducted to recommend environmental and hardware improvements for Terminal Radar Control (TRACON) Rooms. Through the use of laboratory techniques a simulated TRACON room was established to test enviro...

J. R. Bradley

1966-01-01

500

Potential for transmission of the finch strain of Mycoplasma gallisepticum between house finches and chickens.  

PubMed

Although Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is established in house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) populations in at least 33 states, the potential risk of MG introduction to domestic poultry by infected finches currently is unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine if chickens could be infected with the finch strain of MG via direct, across-wire, and proximity (across-room) contact with naturally infected house finches and to determine if house finches could be infected through direct contact with experimentally infected chickens. Chickens were infected with the finch strain of MG through direct contact with naturally infected house finches, a determined by seroconversion (80%), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (20%), and culture of MG (30%). Clinical disease was not observed in infected chickens. Isolates from chickens were identified as the original finch strain by arbitrary primed PCR. Transmission required an extended period of direct contact (10 wk) with infected finches, and no evidence of MG infection was detected in chickens exposed to infected finches across wire or across the room. Evidence of contact transmission of MG from infected chickens to house finches was limited to positive serum plate agglutination results, and infection could not be confirmed by PCR or culture. Results suggest that minimal biosecurity measures that restrict direct contact between chickens and house finches should significantly reduce the potential for MG transmission between these species. PMID:9645326

Stallknecht, D E; Luttrell, M P; Fischer, J R; Kleven, S H