These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, LIVING ROOM, NORTH AND EAST WALLS, LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, LIVING ROOM, NORTH AND EAST WALLS, LOOKING NORTH FROM CENTER OF ROOM - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Carillo Tenant House, Southwest of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

2

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, LIVING ROOM, SOUTH AND EAST WALLS, LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, LIVING ROOM, SOUTH AND EAST WALLS, LOOKING SOUTHEAST FROM CENTER OF ROOM - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Carillo Tenant House, Southwest of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

3

The White House Social Statistics Briefing Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The White House Web site has made access to current U.S. social data much easier by establishing the Social Statistics Briefing Room. The power of this site is that it not only offers brief statistics and charts, but that it also links to the agency that is responsible for the data, allowing interested users to obtain much more detailed data when available. The Social Briefing Room contains data on crime, demographics, education, and health. The site makes the distinction between agencies that produce particular types of data invisible to the user.

1997-01-01

4

The White House Economic Statistics Briefing Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The White House Web site has made access to current U.S. economic data much easier by establishing the Economic Briefing Room. The power of this site is that it not only offers brief statistics and charts, but that it also links to the agency that is responsible for the data, allowing interested users to obtain much more detailed data when available. The Economic Briefing Room contains current data on income, output, employment, unemployment and earnings, production and business activity, prices, money, credit and securities markets, transportation, and international statistics. The site makes the distinction between agencies that produce particular types of data invisible to the user.

1996-01-01

5

Interior detail, fireplace, main room, Burton Park Club House, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior detail, fireplace, main room, Burton Park Club House, view to northwest (135mm lens). - Burton Park, Club House & Amphitheater, Adjacent ot south end of Chestnut Avenue, San Carlos, San Mateo County, CA

6

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, DOOR DETAIL, FRONT ENTRANCE INTO LIVING ROOM, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, DOOR DETAIL, FRONT ENTRANCE INTO LIVING ROOM, LOOKING NORTH - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Carillo Tenant House, Southwest of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

7

Association of Housing Disrepair Indicators with Cockroach and Rodent Infestations in a Cohort of Pregnant Latina Women and Their Children  

PubMed Central

Health burdens associated with poor housing and indoor pest infestations are likely to affect young children in particular, who spend most of their time indoors at home. We completed environmental assessments in 644 homes of pregnant Latina women and their children living in the Salinas Valley, California. High residential densities were common, with 39% of homes housing > 1.5 persons per room. Housing disrepair was also common: 58% of homes had peeling paint, 43% had mold, 25% had water damage, and 11% had rotting wood. Evidence of cockroaches and rodents was present in 60% and 32% of homes, respectively. Compared with representative national survey data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, homes in our sample were more likely to have rodents, peeling paint, leaks under sinks, and much higher residential densities. The odds of rodent infestations in homes increased in the presence of peeling paint [odds ratio (OR) 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.5–3.1], water damage (OR 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2–2.7), and mold (OR 1.5; 95% CI, 1.0–2.1). The odds of cockroach infestation increased in the presence of peeling paint (OR 3.8; 95% CI, 2.7–5.6), water damage (OR 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2–2.9), or high residential density (OR 2.1; 95% CI, 1.2–3.8). Homes that were less clean than average were more prone to both types of infestations. Pesticides were stored or used in 51% of households, partly to control roach and rodent infestations. These data indicate that adverse housing conditions are common in this community and increase the likelihood of pest infestations and home pesticide use. Interventions to improve housing and promote children’s health and safety in this population are needed. PMID:16330367

Bradman, Asa; Chevrier, Jonathan; Tager, Ira; Lipsett, Michael; Sedgwick, Jaqueline; Macher, Janet; Vargas, Ana B.; Cabrera, Elvia B.; Camacho, Jose M.; Weldon, Rosana; Kogut, Katherine; Jewell, Nicholas P.; Eskenazi, Brenda

2005-01-01

8

2012-2013 Housing Lottery & Room Selection Information  

E-print Network

for University housing, not all students who apply can be accommodated. New Freshmen are guaranteed University2012-2013 Housing Lottery & Room Selection Information Residential Learning & University Housing of Student Residence" form online: www.rowan.edu/rluh All currently enrolled students seeking University

Rusu, Adrian

9

78 FR 21567 - Installation of Radiation Alarms for Rooms Housing Neutron Sources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Radiation Alarms for Rooms Housing Neutron Sources AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...of radiation alarms for rooms housing neutron sources. DATES: The docket for the petition...of radiation alarms for rooms housing neutron sources. The petitioner stated that...

2013-04-11

10

Corynebacterium bovis: Epizootiologic Features and Environmental Contamination in an Enzootically Infected Rodent Room  

PubMed Central

Corynebacterium bovis is a common pathogen in athymic nude mouse colonies. Control and eradication of the organism are challenging because depopulation and restricted colony access are often not options within vivaria. We evaluated potential sources and dissemination routes of C. bovis in an enzootically infected colony. Immunocompetent mice and personnel were evaluated for their potential to carry C. bovis, and husbandry and sanitation methods were evaluated for their efficacy in preventing cross-contamination. C. bovis was detected in furred immunocompetent mice previously exposed to infected athymic nude mice and in the nasopharynx of humans. Microisolation cages were not effective in maintaining athymic nude mice C. bovis-free when they were housed in a room known to contain immunodeficient mice with C. bovis infections. A tunnel washer that provided a ?180 °F final rinse provided effective elimination of C. bovis from cage components. Passive and active air sampling techniques showed airborne dispersal of C. bovis despite the use of individually ventilated caging systems and stringent operational standards. Bacterial growth was not observed in settle plates placed inside autoclaved individually ventilated microisolation cages on various ventilated racks for 24-h periods. C. bovis aerosolization was shown to be a means of spread of the bacterium during cage-change procedures inside a class II type A2 biosafety cabinet. Our findings indicate that C. bovis can be a pervasive environmental contaminant in infected rodent holding rooms and successful eradication strategies must include environmental decontamination and attention to air quality. PMID:22776119

Burr, Holly N; Wolf, Felix R; Lipman, Neil S

2012-01-01

11

Interior, main room, Burton Park Club House, view to north ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior, main room, Burton Park Club House, view to north (90mm lens). Fireplace at left, kitchen and restroom are through open doorway visible at right side of opposite end wall. - Burton Park, Club House & Amphitheater, Adjacent ot south end of Chestnut Avenue, San Carlos, San Mateo County, CA

12

Interior, main room , Burton Park Club House, view to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior, main room , Burton Park Club House, view to south from north end door (90mm lens). Front doors visible at left, fireplace at right, while kingpost trusses supports the roof. - Burton Park, Club House & Amphitheater, Adjacent ot south end of Chestnut Avenue, San Carlos, San Mateo County, CA

13

63. BUILDING NO. 541, WATER DRY HOUSE, INTERIOR OF ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

63. BUILDING NO. 541, WATER DRY HOUSE, INTERIOR OF ROOM WHERE PROPELLANTS ARE DUMPED IN HOPPER (EAST END OF BUILDING) AFTER BEING TRANSPORTED FROM BUILDING NO. 533 (DEMOLITION IN PROGRESS). - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

14

In this document: gender changes, expanded housing rooms available for room reapplication and reserved rooms  

E-print Network

345, E346, E361, E362, E381, E382, E397, E398, W101, W102, W159, W160, W181, W182, W301, W302, W345, W346, W359, W360, W381, W382, W397, W398 Comstock E254, E256, E354, E356, E454, E456, E654, E656, W254, W256, W454, W456, W554, W556, W654, W656 The following rooms could also be used for expanded housing

Minnesota, University of

15

76 FR 76327 - Installation of Radiation Alarms for Rooms Housing Neutron Sources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Radiation Alarms for Rooms Housing Neutron Sources AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...installation of radiation alarms in rooms housing neutron sources. DATES: Submit comments by February...Hamawy is concerned about the security of neutron sources. III. Petition The...

2011-12-07

16

11. PUMP HOUSE AND WEIGHING ROOM Fish were pumped from ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. PUMP HOUSE AND WEIGHING ROOM Fish were pumped from floating hoppers, to the pump house (on the far right). From there they were either lifted by conveyor belt to the weighing room (top center) and thence to the holding tanks, or were washed through sealers, weighed and then sluiced to holding tanks. The process used depended upon the type and size of fish. The square cement vat (center) was to be a settling tank from which fish oil, reclaimed from the reduction process, was to be pumped into the round metal tank (above the vat). This process however, was never fully utilized before the sardines ran out. - Hovden Cannery, 886 Cannery Row, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

17

18. INTERIOR VIEW OF BALTIMORE FAN HOUSE ENGINE ROOM LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. INTERIOR VIEW OF BALTIMORE FAN HOUSE ENGINE ROOM LOOKING EAST The flywheel of the 1908 Allis-Chalmers Corliss steam engine and flywheel are in the foreground. The engine is a horizontal slide valve type with a 24 inch bore and 48 inch stroke. It was direct connected to the Dickson Guibal fan which rotated at 69 revolutions per minute. - Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex, South side of Susquehanna River at Route 115 & Riechard Street, Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, PA

18

Oregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Room and Dining Contract 2012-2013  

E-print Network

Handbooks, and the University Housing and Dining Services Student Policy and Information Guide. In the eventOregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Room and Dining Contract 2012 in a University Housing and Dining Services ("UHDS") facility and not for a particular room or type of housing

Escher, Christine

19

Oregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Room and Dining Contract 2013-2014  

E-print Network

Handbooks, and the University Housing and Dining Services Student Policy and Information Guide. In the eventOregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Room and Dining Contract 2013 in a University Housing and Dining Services ("UHDS") facility and not for a particular room or type of housing

Escher, Christine

20

Oregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Summer Session 2012 Room and Dining Contract  

E-print Network

Handbooks, and the University Housing and Dining Services Student Policy and Information Guide. In the eventOregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Summer Session 2012 Room in a University Housing and Dining Services ("UHDS") facility and not for a particular room or type of housing

Escher, Christine

21

Oregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Room and Dining Contract 2014-2015  

E-print Network

at http://oregonstate.edu/studentconduct/regulations/), Student Handbooks, and the University HousingOregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Room and Dining Contract 2014 in a University Housing and Dining Services ("UHDS") facility and not for a particular room or type of housing

Escher, Christine

22

Oregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Room and Dining Contract 2011-2012  

E-print Network

Handbooks, and the University Housing and Dining Services Student Policy and Information Guide. In the eventOregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Room and Dining Contract 2011 in a University Housing and Dining Services ("UHDS") facility and not for a particular room or type of housing

Escher, Christine

23

16. INTERIOR VIEW OF HILLMAN FAN HOUSE ENGINE ROOM LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. INTERIOR VIEW OF HILLMAN FAN HOUSE ENGINE ROOM LOOKING EAST This overview of the 1883 Pittston Engine and Machine Company steam engine includes the flywheel and pillowblock in the foreground, with the shaft and cylinder in the background. The engine is a horizontal, slide valve type of 30 inch bore and 60 inch stroke that turned the fan at 49 revolutions per minute. - Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex, South side of Susquehanna River at Route 115 & Riechard Street, Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, PA

24

89. Photocopied August 1978. POWER HOUSE, GENERATOR ROOM, VIEW LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

89. Photocopied August 1978. POWER HOUSE, GENERATOR ROOM, VIEW LOOKING EAST FROM ABOUT THE CENTER, FEBRUARY 26, 1918, AFTER MICHIGAN NORTHERN HAD BROUGHT THE GENERATOR INSTALLATION UP TO FULL CAPACITY. THE NARROW PANEL WESTINGHOUSE SWITCHBOARD INSTALLED IN 1916-17 IS AT THE UPPER RIGHT. THE NEW GENERAL ELECTRIC GENERATORS ARE BELOW THE GALLERY. NOTE THE D.C. EXCITER UNIT ON EXTENDED SHAFT ON THE UNIT IN THE FOREGROUND. A SIMILAR TYPE OF INSTALLATION WAS FOUND AT PENSTOCKS 45 THROUGH 48 AND 62 THROUGH 73. WHAT SEEM TO BE EXTENDED SHAFT UNITS IN THE BACKGROUND ARE MERELY THE OLD STANLEY ALTERNATORS BEFORE THEY HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM THE GENERATOR ROOM. (878) - Michigan Lake Superior Power Company, Portage Street, Sault Ste. Marie, Chippewa County, MI

25

Oregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Summer Session 2014 Room and Dining Contract  

E-print Network

Handbooks, and the University Housing and Dining Services Student Policy and Information Guide. In the eventOregon State University | University Housing and Dining Services Summer Session 2014 Room is for a space in a University Housing and Dining Services ("UHDS") facility and not for a particular room

Escher, Christine

26

Arvicoline rodent fauna from the Room 2 Excavation in Cathedral Cave, White Pine County, Nevada, and its biochronologic significance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test-pit excavations from 1989 in Room 2 of Cathedral Cave yielded a diverse faunal assemblage, but age estimates derived from radioisotopic dates and biochronological assessment were widely disparate. New excavations were undertaken in 2003 to increase faunal samples and clarify chronological resolution. Arvicoline rodents recovered from the 2003 excavation include Allophaiomys pliocaenicus, Microtus meadensis, M. paroperarius, Microtus sp., Mictomys meltoni

Christopher N. Jass; Christopher J. Bell

2011-01-01

27

A Room With a View or a Room of One's Own? Housing and Social Stratification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to understand the role that housing plays in the system of social stratification. First, it generates a model of how housing outcomes are stratified along dimensions of socioeconomic status and race. Second, it asks what role housing conditions play in the system of educational stratification of offspring. Using two-generational data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics,

Dalton Conley

2001-01-01

28

Prevalence of SFTSV among Asian House Shrews and Rodents, China, January–August 2013  

PubMed Central

To evaluate the role of small mammals as hosts of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), we tested serum samples from rodents and shrews in China, collected in 2013. SFTSV antibodies and RNA were detected, suggesting that rodents and shrews might be hosts for SFTSV. PMID:25418111

Liu, Jian-Wei; Wen, Hong-Ling; Fang, Li-Zhu; Zhang, Zhen-Tang; He, Shu-Ting; Xue, Zai-Feng; Ma, Dong-Qiang; Zhang, Xiao-Shuang; Wang, Tao; Yu, Hao; Zhang, Yan

2014-01-01

29

Control of rodent and human spatial navigation by room and apparatus cues.  

PubMed

A growing body of literature indicates that rats prefer to navigate in the direction of a goal in the environment (directional responding) rather than to the precise location of the goal (place navigation). This paper provides a brief review of this literature with an emphasis on recent findings in the Morris water task. Four experiments designed to extend this work to humans in a computerized, virtual Morris water task are also described. Special emphasis is devoted to how directional responding and place navigation are influenced by room and apparatus cues, and how these cues control distinct components of navigation to a goal. Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrate that humans, like rats, perform directional responses when cues from the apparatus are present, while Experiment 3 demonstrates that place navigation predominates when apparatus cues are eliminated. In Experiment 4, an eyetracking system measured gaze location in the virtual environment dynamically as participants navigated from a start point to the goal. Participants primarily looked at room cues during the early segment of each trial, but primarily focused on the apparatus as the trial progressed, suggesting distinct, sequential stimulus functions. Implications for computational modeling of navigation in the Morris water task and related tasks are discussed. PMID:19121374

Hamilton, Derek A; Johnson, Travis E; Redhead, Edward S; Verney, Steven P

2009-06-01

30

Contract for Single/Single Room Must be submitted to the Housing Office no later than 12  

E-print Network

2013-2014 Contract for Single/Single Room Must be submitted to the Housing Office no later than 12. ________________________ If you have any questions before signing this contract, please call the Housing Office at 872-3162. By signing this contract, you acknowledge that you understand the contents. Furthermore, you agree to abide

Hardy, Christopher R.

31

20 CFR 654.415 - Insect and rodent control.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Insect and rodent control. 654.415 Section...Workers Housing Standards § 654.415 Insect and rodent control. Housing and facilities shall be free of insects, rodents, and other...

2014-04-01

32

20 CFR 654.415 - Insect and rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Insect and rodent control. 654.415 Section...Workers Housing Standards § 654.415 Insect and rodent control. Housing and facilities shall be free of insects, rodents, and other...

2012-04-01

33

20 CFR 654.415 - Insect and rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Insect and rodent control. 654.415 Section...Workers Housing Standards § 654.415 Insect and rodent control. Housing and facilities shall be free of insects, rodents, and other...

2013-04-01

34

20 CFR 654.415 - Insect and rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Insect and rodent control. 654.415 Section...Workers Housing Standards § 654.415 Insect and rodent control. Housing and facilities shall be free of insects, rodents, and other...

2011-04-01

35

20 CFR 654.415 - Insect and rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Insect and rodent control. 654.415 Section...Workers Housing Standards § 654.415 Insect and rodent control. Housing and facilities shall be free of insects, rodents, and other...

2010-04-01

36

An evaluation of emergency room services during the New York City house officer strike.  

PubMed Central

A chart audit of emergency services provided by attending staff during the New York City House Officers' strike is compared to an audit of work previously performed by house staff. The usual quality of services provided in this institution was maintained during the strike. However, deficiencies in quality noted in house staff charts, continued to be noted in the charts of attending staff. Failure to improve quality of medical records when trained staff substitute for trainees suggests that the central strike issue of poor working conditions contributes to low quality of care. PMID:1251944

McNamara, J J; Greene, M

1976-01-01

37

Co-Housing Rodents with Different Coat Colours as a Simple, Non-Invasive Means of Individual Identification: Validating Mixed-Strain Housing for C57BL/6 and DBA/2 Mice  

PubMed Central

Standard practice typically requires the marking of laboratory mice so that they can be individually identified. However, many of the common methods compromise the welfare of the individuals being marked (as well as requiring time, effort, and/or resources on the part of researchers and technicians). Mixing strains of different colour within a cage would allow them to be readily visually identifiable, negating the need for more invasive marking techniques. Here we assess the impact that mixed strain housing has on the phenotypes of female C57BL/6 (black) and DBA/2 (brown) mice, and on the variability in the data obtained from them. Mice were housed in either mixed strain or single strain pairs for 19 weeks, and their phenotypes then assessed using 23 different behavioural, morphological, haematological and physiological measures widely used in research and/or important for assessing mouse welfare. No negative effects of mixed strain housing could be found on the phenotypes of either strain, including variables relevant to welfare. Differences and similarities between the two strains were almost all as expected from previously published studies, and none were affected by whether mice were housed in mixed- or single-strain pairs. Only one significant main effect of housing type was detected: mixed strain pairs had smaller red blood cell distribution widths, a measure suggesting better health (findings that now need replicating in case they were Type 1 errors resulting from our multiplicity of tests). Furthermore, mixed strain housing did not increase the variation in data obtained from the mice: the standard errors for all variables were essentially identical between the two housing conditions. Mixed strain housing also made animals very easy to distinguish while in the home cage. Female DBA/2 and C57BL/6 mice can thus be housed in mixed strain pairs for identification purposes, with no apparent negative effects on their welfare or the data they generate. This suggests that there is much value in exploring other combinations of strains. PMID:24204864

Walker, Michael; Fureix, Carole; Palme, Rupert; Mason, Georgia

2013-01-01

38

[Effect of vacuum cleaning of room floors and bed clothes of patients on house dust mites counts and clinical scores of atopic dermatitis. A double blind control trial].  

PubMed

By a randomized double blind control trial we studied the effect of vacuum cleaning of room floors, mattresses and quilts for twelve months on clinical symptoms and laboratory data of atopic dermatitis patients. All patients used the identical new vacuum cleaners. Thirty patients (3-12 years of age) with relatively stable skin conditions were randomly allocated to either of the following two groups. In the monitor group we visited patient's home every three weeks and mite specialists cleaned drastically the room floors, mattresses and quilts and the patient continued to clean in the same way in-between. In the control group we visited similarly but the cleaning was made insufficiently which was also followed by the patient. But, at 2 occasions (the first and the last visits), cleaning was made drastically also in the control group. Thus the mite numbers were counted precisely at the start and the end of the experiment both in the monitor and control groups. Each patient was seen every six weeks by the same doctor and estimated of his symptoms using our unique scoring system (Fig. 1). At the start and the end of the study, total IgE and specific IgE antibodies to house dust mites in the serum were evaluated. The monitor group showed a tendency to count smaller number of mites than the control group after a year, when there was a significant difference only in quilts. However, a statistically significant decrease in the mite counts was observed only in room floors and not in mattresses and quilts both in the monitor and control groups (Fig. 2). Clinical scores after a year significantly improved only in the monitor group and not in the control group (Fig. 3). Serum IgE value and specific antibody titer to house dust mites were not changed significantly after the trial in both groups. As a conclusion, vacuum cleaning of the patient's room improved the clinical symptoms of atopic dermatitis but this could not be related to the reduction of house dust mite number. PMID:9404089

Endo, K; Fukuzumi, T; Adachi, J; Kojima, M; Aoki, T; Yoshida, M; Morita, K; Nari, T; Tsujino, M

1997-10-01

39

Effects of thermal insulation located in the earth around a semi-underground room; A two-year measurement in a twin-type test house without auxiliary heating  

SciTech Connect

In order to obtain fundamental data on the thermal performance of a semi-underground house, a twin-type test house was constructed on a university campus in September 1984. The test house has two rooms with south-facing windows above the ground surface and a corridor between the two rooms. The floor level is 1.3 m below the ground surface. Insulation of 0.1 m depth and 1.35m width was installed horizontally around the room on the east at a level of 0.3 m below the ground surface. This insulation is called horizontal insulation. The room on the west has no such insulation. The total heat transmission rate of the construction above the ground surface per unit floor area is about 1.2 W/K {center dot} m{sup 2}. Both rooms were very airtight, compared to other recently constructed detached houses in Japan. Long-term field measurements were made in two situations: one in which the rooms had weather shutters (from soon after construction until October 8, 1985) and the other in which there were no shutters (from November 1, 1985, to March 31, 1987). There was no auxiliary heating or cooling system during the experiment. The study clarified that horizontal insulation was effective in reducing the annual temperature fluctuation of indoor air.

Yoshino, H.; Matsumoto, S.; Nagatomo, M. (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (JP)); Hasegawa, F. (Tohoku Inst. of Technology, Sendai (JP))

1990-01-01

40

Neighbourhood analyses of tree seed predation by introduced rodents in a New Zealand temperate rainforest  

E-print Network

mice Mus musculus and other introduced rodents represent a novel source of predation on tree seeds have important implications for tree population dynamics. Introduced rodents Á house mice Mus musculus

41

Leptospira and Rodents in Cambodia: Environmental Determinants of Infection  

PubMed Central

We investigated infection of rodents and shrews by Leptospira spp. in two localities of Cambodia (Veal Renh, Kaev Seima) and in four types of habitat (forests, non-flooded lands, lowland rain-fed paddy fields, houses) during the wet and the dry seasons. Habitat preference was common, and rodent and shrew species were found only in houses or in rain-fed paddy fields or in forests. Among 649 small mammals trapped belonging to 12 rodent species and 1 shrew species, 71 of 642 animals tested were carriers of Leptospira according to the 16S ribosomal RNA marker used. Rodent infection was higher in low-slope locations, corresponding to rain-fed paddy fields, especially in the rainy season and in Kaev Seima. Rodents (Rattus exulans) and shrews (Suncus murinus) inhabiting households showed significantly low levels of infections, whereas rodents living in and near to forests (shrubby wasteland, orchards) showed high levels of infection. PMID:22665613

Ivanova, Svilena; Herbreteau, Vincent; Blasdell, Kim; Chaval, Yannick; Buchy, Philippe; Guillard, Bertrand; Morand, Serge

2012-01-01

42

RODENTS: PICTORIAL KEY TO SOME COMMON UNITED STATES GENERA Harold Georee Scott and Margery R. Borom  

E-print Network

HOUSE MOUSE Mus musculus #12;DOMESTIC RODENTS AND COCKROACHES: PICTORIAL KEY TO DROPPINGS Harold Georle.t with ridges ovoid, pointed with ridllU without rid,es length about 1/4-inch Mus musculus HOUSE MOUSE lenll

43

Blair House: The President's Guest House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Blair House has been the next-door neighbor of the White House in Washington, DC since 1824 and it is the President's official guest house. The house is named after Francis Preston Blair, who served in President Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" and he was the consummate political insider during the administrations of Martin Van Buren and Abraham Lincoln. Today, the house also serves as a home for the president-elect in the days before the inauguration. This marvelous website from CSPAN provides visitors with video clips of the house, and it's quite a tour. There are ten short profiles that include views of the principal suite, the drawing room, and the Lincoln Room. The site also has interviews with people who have spent time getting to know the Blair House, including Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Deputy Chief of Protocol Raymond P. Martinez.

44

Guidelines for Euthanasia of Rodents Using Carbon Dioxide Rodents must be euthanized by trained personnel using appropriate technique, equipment and  

E-print Network

1 Guidelines for Euthanasia of Rodents Using Carbon Dioxide Rodents must be euthanized by trained, euthanasia should not be performed in the animal room. The euthanasia method must be appropriate to the most recent AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia.1 CO2 inhalation is the most common method of euthanasia used

Bandettini, Peter A.

45

Thomas Aldrich House  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wm. Mckenzie Woodward describes it as an asymmetrical four bay Federal style house that was moved to Power Street from 39 Benevolent Street in 1950 to make room for the Wriston Quadrangle of Brown University. While it was built by Aldrich, a painter, the house was occupied by Sarah Helen Whitman as a literary salon, seance parlor and sanitarium for

Chet Smolski

1974-01-01

46

One Room Schools in Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on one-room school houses in Iowa. At one time, almost 14,000 one-room schools dotted Iowa's rural landscape. Articles explore Native American schools of the past and present, segregation of black students, and Amish schools. An article remembering one-room schools describes the early schools from 1830 to 1858, township schools…

Ruth, Amy, Ed.

1994-01-01

47

Front view of bldg 30 which houses mission control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Front view of bldg 30 which houses mission control. A shift change for the 41-D mission is underway. The windowless wing at left houses three floors, including rooms supporting flight control room 1 and 2.

1984-01-01

48

The largest fossil rodent  

PubMed Central

The discovery of an exceptionally well-preserved skull permits the description of the new South American fossil species of the rodent, Josephoartigasia monesi sp. nov. (family: Dinomyidae; Rodentia: Hystricognathi: Caviomorpha). This species with estimated body mass of nearly 1000?kg is the largest yet recorded. The skull sheds new light on the anatomy of the extinct giant rodents of the Dinomyidae, which are known mostly from isolated teeth and incomplete mandible remains. The fossil derives from San José Formation, Uruguay, usually assigned to the Pliocene–Pleistocene (4–2?Myr ago), and the proposed palaeoenvironment where this rodent lived was characterized as an estuarine or deltaic system with forest communities. PMID:18198140

Rinderknecht, Andrés; Blanco, R. Ernesto

2008-01-01

49

INTERIOR OF DINING ROOM, (FRONT LANAI), LOOKING TOWARDS LIVING ROOM, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR OF DINING ROOM, (FRONT LANAI), LOOKING TOWARDS LIVING ROOM, WITH KITCHEN DOORS AT RIGHT. VIEW FACING NORTHWEST. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Makalapa, Senior Officers' Quarters Type A, 37 Makalapa Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

50

LIVING ROOM WITH THE SLIDING DOORS TO DINING ROOM ON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LIVING ROOM WITH THE SLIDING DOORS TO DINING ROOM ON THE LEFT. SHOWING THE WOOD GRILLE TO THE FOYER. VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Two-Bedroom Duplex Type 1, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

51

2. ENGINE ROOM AND CHIPPY ENGINE ROOM OF THE DIAMOND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. ENGINE ROOM AND CHIPPY ENGINE ROOM OF THE DIAMOND MINE, LOOKING NORTH. THE MAIN HOIST USED A FLAT CABLE, WHICH WAS SCRAPPED IN THE 1950s. THE ORIGINAL DIXON CABLE STILL EXISTS IN THE CHIPPY HOIST HOUSE. - Butte Mineyards, Diamond Mine, Butte, Silver Bow County, MT

52

Ad Hoc Housing at Hofstra.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To meet an increased demand for campus housing, Hofstra University (New York) converted double dormitory rooms to triples. Specially designed furniture allowing each student personal space was the key to acceptance by the students. (Author/MLF)

Beckman, Ronald

1982-01-01

53

PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY HOUSING SUMMER 2013 CONTRACT TERMS & CONDITIONS  

E-print Network

PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY HOUSING SUMMER 2013 CONTRACT TERMS & CONDITIONS PAGE 1 OF 4 University-4394 Email: housing@pdx.edu www.pdx.edu/housing SUMMER 2013 PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY HOUSING CONTRACT: University owned or managed residence hall or apartment complex. c) Unit: All rooms in University Housing. d

Veerman, J. J. P.

54

PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY HOUSING SUMMER 2014 CONTRACT TERMS & CONDITIONS  

E-print Network

PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY HOUSING SUMMER 2014 CONTRACT TERMS & CONDITIONS PAGE 1 OF 7 University-4394 Email: housing@pdx.edu www.pdx.edu/housing SUMMER 2014 PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY HOUSING CONTRACT hall or apartment complex. b) Unit: All rooms in University Housing. c) Space: A portion

Daescu, Dacian N.

55

Rodent models of glaucoma  

PubMed Central

Glaucoma is a progressive, age-related optic neuropathy and a leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Animal models of glaucoma are essential to our continued efforts of elucidating the natural course of the disease and to developing therapeutic interventions to halt or reverse the progression of the condition. Over the past 10–15 years, rodents have become a popular model organism in which to study glaucoma, because of their high degree of availability, relatively low cost, short life-span, and amenability to experimental and genetic manipulation. In this review, we examine the numerous in vivo and in vitro rodent models of glaucoma, discuss the methods used to generate them, summarize some of the major findings obtained in these models, and identify individual strengths and weaknesses for the various systems. PMID:19379796

Johnson, Thomas V.; Tomarev, Stanislav I.

2010-01-01

56

Microdialysis in Rodents  

PubMed Central

Microdialysis is an in vivo sampling technique that permits the quantification of various substances (e.g., neurotransmitters, peptides, electrolytes) in blood and tissue. It is also used to infuse substances into the brain and spinal cord. This unit describes methods for the construction and stereotaxic implantation of microdialysis probes into discrete brain regions of the rat and mouse. Procedures for the conduct of conventional and quantitative microdialysis experiments in the awake and anesthetized rodent are also provided. PMID:19340813

Zapata, Agustin; Chefer, Vladimir I.; Shippenberg, Toni S.

2010-01-01

57

Behavioral thermoregulatory responses of single- and group-housed mice.  

PubMed

The ambient temperature (Ta) to house and study laboratory rodents is critical for nearly all biomedical studies. The ideal Ta for housing rodents and other animals should be based on their thermoregulatory requirements. However, fundamental information on the behavioral thermoregulatory responses of single- and group-housed rodents is meager. To address this issue, thermoregulatory behavior was assessed in individual and groups of CD-1 mice housed in a temperature gradient. Mice were housed in groups of five or individually while selected Ta and motor activity were monitored. Single- and group-housed mice displayed a circadian oscillation of selected Ta and motor activity with relatively warm T(a)s of approximately 29 degrees C selected during the light phase; during the dark phase selected Ta was reduced by 4 degrees C, whereas motor activity increased. Selected Ta of aged (11 months old) mice housed individually was approximately 1.0 degrees C warmer than the group-housed mice. Thermal preference of younger mice (2 months old) was similar for single- and group-housed animals. The operative Ta of mice housed in standard facilities was estimated by measuring the cooling rate of "phantom" mice modeled from aluminum cylinders. The results show that the typical housing conditions for single- and group-housed mice are cooler than their Ta for ideal thermal comfort. PMID:9855474

Gordon, C J; Becker, P; Ali, J S

1998-11-15

58

GRADUATE LIBERAL STUDIES SUMMER HOUSING CONTRACT  

E-print Network

an administrative fee to any student who resides in University housing prior to or after the published dates when the University housing closes. Room Assignments Only those students who have signed contracts for University University housing by noon the day following termination of your student status in the event of withdrawal

Devoto, Stephen H.

59

Geomagnetic field detection in rodents  

SciTech Connect

In addition to behavioral evidence for the detection of earth-strength magnetic fields (MF) by rodents, recent investigations have revealed that electrophysiological and biochemical responses to MF occur in the pineal organ and retina of rodents. In addition, ferrimagnetic deposits have been identified in the ethmoidal regions of the rodent skull. These findings point to a new sensory phenomenon, which interfaces with many fields of biology, including neuroscience, psychophysics, behavioral ecology, chronobiology and sensory physiology.

Olcese, J.; Reuss, S.; Semm, P.

1988-01-01

60

Rodents on pig and chicken farms – a potential threat to human and animal health  

PubMed Central

Rodents can cause major problems through spreading various diseases to animals and humans. The two main species of rodents most commonly found on farms around the world are the house mouse (Mus musculus) and the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus). Both species are omnivorous and can breed year-round under favourable conditions. This review describes the occurrence of pathogens in rodents on specialist pig and chicken farms, which are usually closed units with a high level of bio-security. However, wild rodents may be difficult to exclude completely, even from these sites, and can pose a risk of introducing and spreading pathogens. This article reviews current knowledge regarding rodents as a hazard for spreading disease on farms. Most literature available regards zoonotic pathogens, while the literature regarding pathogens that cause disease in farm animals is more limited. PMID:22957130

Backhans, Annette; Fellström, Claes

2012-01-01

61

Page 28 Housing Services Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog Zinfandel Hall  

E-print Network

Page 28 Housing Services Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog Zinfandel Hall (707) 664-2541 Fax: (707) 664-4158 e-mail: ssu.housing@sonoma.edu www.sonoma.edu/housing On-Campus Housing be found online at www.sonoma.edu/housing, and includes rental houses, apart- ments and rooms in private

Ravikumar, B.

62

Page 28 Housing Services Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog Zinfandel Hall  

E-print Network

Page 28 Housing Services Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog Zinfandel Hall (707) 664-2541 Fax: (707) 664-4158 e-mail: ssu.housing@sonoma.edu www.sonoma.edu/housing On-Campus Housing be found online at www.sonoma.edu/housing, and includes rental houses, apart- ments and rooms in private

Ravikumar, B.

63

Housing Services Page 27Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog (707) 664-2541  

E-print Network

Housing Services Page 27Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog (707) 664-2541 email: ssu.housing@sonoma.edu www.sonoma.edu/housing Student Center 3rd Floor, Suite 3020 On-Campus Housing The Residential online at www.sonoma.edu/housing and includes rental houses, apartments, and rooms in private homes

Ravikumar, B.

64

Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus from Pet Rodents  

MedlinePLUS

... rodent? Rodents, such as mice, hamsters and guinea pigs, are popular as pets in many households. However, ... and pet mice, hamsters, and, on occasion, guinea pigs. What is LCMV? LCMV is carried by rodents ...

65

2009 Rooms Not Available Reapplication Expanded Housing Rooms  

E-print Network

, W254, W256, W454, W456, W554, W556, W654, W656 Centennial: E101, E102, E161, E162, E181, E182, E261, E262, E281, E282, E301, E302, E345, E346, E361, E362, E381, E382, E397, E398, W101, W102, W159, W160, W181, W182, W259, W260, W281, W282, W301, W302, W345, W346, W359, W360, W381, W382, W397, W398

Minnesota, University of

66

16. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy, 1941 FRONT ROOM, SECOND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy, 1941 FRONT ROOM, SECOND FLOOR, BEFORE RESTORATION - Nicholas Hedges House, 1069 Thomas Jefferson Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

67

Central firstfloor room of northwest wing, looking through entry to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Central first-floor room of northwest wing, looking through entry to northwestern room. note crack in ceiling showing location of summer beam. - Scheetz Farm, House, 7161 Camp Hill Road, Fort Washington, Montgomery County, PA

68

3. VIEW OF FOUR ROOM RESIDENCE (FEATURE 1), FACING SOUTHEAST. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW OF FOUR ROOM RESIDENCE (FEATURE 1), FACING SOUTHEAST. 'PRES. HOUSE' (FEATURE 3) VISIBLE IN BACKGROUND. - Copper Canyon Camp of the International Smelting & Refining Company, Four Room Residence, Copper Canyon, Battle Mountain, Lander County, NV

69

7. VIEW OF CONNECTING WALL BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VIEW OF CONNECTING WALL BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS OF SECOND FLOOR, SHOWING SIMPLE GREEK REVIVAL MANTLE. LOOKING WEST; TAKEN FROM FRONT ROOM. - Manlius Thomas House, 125 North Mulberry Street, Georgetown, Scott County, KY

70

3. GENERAL VIEW OF BOILER ROOM, LOOKING NORTH; CONTROL PANEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. GENERAL VIEW OF BOILER ROOM, LOOKING NORTH; CONTROL PANEL AT CENTER; BOXLIKE, RIVETED HOUSING AT TOP CENTER CONTAINED AUGER FOR COAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM - Rath Packing Company, Boiler Room, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

71

6. VIEW OF CONNECTING WALL BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW OF CONNECTING WALL BETWEEN FRONT AND REAR ROOMS ON FIRST FLOOR, SHOWING ODDLY PROPORTIONED CLASSIC REVIVAL MANTLE IN FRONT ROOM; LOOKING WEST. - Manlius Thomas House, 125 North Mulberry Street, Georgetown, Scott County, KY

72

The Blue Room in the White House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will learn the definition of an ellipse and how to produce a graph of an ellipse, find the equation of an ellipse using the endpoints of the major and minor axes, and find the coordinates of the foci and the eccentricity of an ellipse.

2010-01-01

73

This Old House: Painting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Old House has put together a well-organized set of articles regarding interior painting. On the site you will find guides to help you do something as straightforward as painting a room or something more difficult - choosing the right colors for rooms. Also available on the website is a multimedia section that contains videos ranging from repairing peeling paint to stripping stubborn wallpaper as well as photo galleries of interior projects. Finally, if you still can't find an answer to your question, there is a community painting forum where you can ask questions and get answers from seasoned pros and novice home painters alike.

2006-11-03

74

2. VIEW OF 'PRES. HOUSE' (FEATURE 3), FACING SOUTHWEST. THREE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF 'PRES. HOUSE' (FEATURE 3), FACING SOUTHWEST. THREE ROOM RESIDENCE (FEATURE 5) IS SHOWN AT LEFT EDGE OF PHOTOGRAPH. - Copper Canyon Camp of the International Smelting & Refining Company, "Pres. house", Copper Canyon, Battle Mountain, Lander County, NV

75

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, KITCHEN, SOUTH AND EAST WALLS, LOOKING SOUTHEAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, KITCHEN, SOUTH AND EAST WALLS, LOOKING SOUTHEAST FROM CENTER OF ROOM - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Carillo Tenant House, Southwest of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

76

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, KITCHEN, NORTH AND EAST WALLS, LOOKING NORTHEAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

TENANT HOUSE INTERIOR, KITCHEN, NORTH AND EAST WALLS, LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM CENTER OF ROOM - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Carillo Tenant House, Southwest of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

77

2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION For the 2012 Summer school session, residence hall housing will be available in Woodlawn  

E-print Network

to the Student Development office no later than Friday, April 20 for housing beginning Term 1. Prices and term2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION For the 2012 Summer school session, residence hall housing will be available in Woodlawn Hall. The summer residence hall housing contract, along with room and board costs

Bogaerts, Steven

78

University Housing Departmental Performance Blueprint 2010-2011 Academic Year University Housing creates a sustainable living and learning community that promotes the academic success  

E-print Network

. University Housing is an auxiliary unit fully funded by student room fees. On-campus housing began in 1805, including student housing, classrooms, library, chapel, and laboratories. University Housing has continued and Residence Life became fully integrated under the Division of Student Affairs. Goals University Housing seeks

Almor, Amit

79

Camera Trapping: A Contemporary Approach to Monitoring Invasive Rodents in High Conservation Priority Ecosystems  

PubMed Central

Invasive rodent species have established on 80% of the world's islands causing significant damage to island environments. Insular ecosystems support proportionally more biodiversity than comparative mainland areas, highlighting them as critical for global biodiversity conservation. Few techniques currently exist to adequately detect, with high confidence, species that are trap-adverse such as the black rat, Rattus rattus, in high conservation priority areas where multiple non-target species persist. This study investigates the effectiveness of camera trapping for monitoring invasive rodents in high conservation areas, and the influence of habitat features and density of colonial-nesting seabirds on rodent relative activity levels to provide insights into their potential impacts. A total of 276 camera sites were established and left in situ for 8 days. Identified species were recorded in discrete 15 min intervals, referred to as ‘events’. In total, 19 804 events were recorded. From these, 31 species were identified comprising 25 native species and six introduced. Two introduced rodent species were detected: the black rat (90% of sites), and house mouse Mus musculus (56% of sites). Rodent activity of both black rats and house mice were positively associated with the structural density of habitats. Density of seabird burrows was not strongly associated with relative activity levels of rodents, yet rodents were still present in these areas. Camera trapping enabled a large number of rodents to be detected with confidence in site-specific absences and high resolution to quantify relative activity levels. This method enables detection of multiple species simultaneously with low impact (for both target and non-target individuals); an ideal strategy for monitoring trap-adverse invasive rodents in high conservation areas. PMID:24599307

Rendall, Anthony R.; Sutherland, Duncan R.; Cooke, Raylene; White, John

2014-01-01

80

Review: Population Fluctuations in Rodents  

E-print Network

interested in bats. Brock Fenton, Biology, University of Western On- tario, London, Ontario, Canada Population Fluctuations in Rodents. By Charles J. Krebs. Chicago (Illinois): University of Chicago Press. $55.00. x #2; 306 p.; ill.; index. ISBN: 978...

Armitage, Kenneth

2014-03-01

81

The allometry of rodent intestines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the allometry of the small intestine, caecum, colon and large intestine of rodents (n = 51) using a phylogenetically informed approach. Strong phylogenetic signal was detected in the data for the caecum, colon\\u000a and large intestine, but not for the small intestine. Most of the phylogenetic signal could be attributed to clade effects\\u000a associated with herbivorous versus omnivorous rodents.

Barry G. Lovegrove

2010-01-01

82

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

83

Life in the White House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new virtual exhibit takes visitors on a tour of the many different rooms and areas of the White House, along with the Vice President's residence. Each video tour is led by a different member of the Bush administration, including George W. Bush, Ari Fleischer, and Andy Card. Other video tours on the site include a tour led by the White House curator, William Allman, who discusses the different aspects of the State Floor in detail. Complementing this material are a series of short essays on the art contained within the White House, photo essays, and the histories of White House traditions, like the Easter Egg Roll and the lighting of the Christmas tree. Finally, information about touring the White House in person is also provided.

84

AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY  

EPA Science Inventory

The American Housing Survey (AHS) collects data on the Nation's housing, including apartments, single-family homes, mobile homes, vacant housing units, household characteristics, income, housing and neighborhood quality, housing costs, equipment and fuels, size of housing unit, a...

85

Isolation and characterization of a novel arenavirus harbored by Rodents and Shrews in Zhejiang province, China.  

PubMed

To determine the biodiversity of arenaviruses in China, we captured and screened rodents and shrews in Wenzhou city, Zhejiang province, a locality where hemorrhagic fever diseases are endemic in humans. Accordingly, arenaviruses were detected in 42 of 351 rodents from eight species, and in 12 of 272 Asian house shrews (Suncus murinus), by RT-PCR targeting the L segment. From these, a single arenavirus was successfully isolated in cell culture. The virion particles exhibited a typical arenavirus morphology under transmission electron microscopy. Comparison of the S and L segment sequences revealed high levels of nucleotide (>32.2% and >39.6%) and amino acid (>28.8% and >43.8%) sequence differences from known arenaviruses, suggesting that it represents a novel arenavirus, which we designated Wenzhou virus (WENV). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all WENV strains harbored by both rodents and Asian house shrews formed a distinct lineage most closely related to Old World arenaviruses. PMID:25506671

Li, Kun; Lin, Xian-Dan; Wang, Wen; Shi, Mang; Guo, Wen-Ping; Zhang, Xiao-He; Xing, Jian-Guang; He, Jin-Rong; Wang, Ke; Li, Ming-Hui; Cao, Jian-Hai; Jiang, Mu-Liu; Holmes, Edward C; Zhang, Yong-Zhen

2015-02-01

86

Urban landscape features influencing rodent control and animal movement in two urban areas of California  

EPA Science Inventory

?Pest? control of both native (e.g., gophers) and exotic (e.g., black rats, house mice) species may impact populations of non-target species inadvertently. We evaluated relationships among animal movement, rodent control, and landscape features in two urban locations in Californ...

87

Landscape features influencing residential rodent control and animal movement in two urban areas of California  

EPA Science Inventory

Residential ?pest? control of both native (e.g., gophers, rabbits) and exotic (e.g., black and Norway rats, house mice) species may impact populations of non-target species inadvertently. We evaluated relationships among animal movement, rodent control, and landscape features in...

88

CREST staining of micronuclei from free-living rodents to detect environmental contamination in situ  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work immunofluorescent antikinetochore (CREST) staining was used to analyse bone marrow micronuclei (MN) from free-living animals belonging to four different rodent species. Yellow-necked mice (Apodemus flavicollis ) and bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) were trapped in the Czech Republic, Algerian mice (Mus spretus) in Spain and house mice (Mus musculus domesticus) in Italy. Animals were collected in areas displaying

Francesca Degrassi; Caterina Tanzarella; Luisa Anna Ieradi; Jan Zima; Anna Cappai; Antonella Lascialfari; Fabio Allegra; Mauro Cristaldi

1999-01-01

89

Efficacy of Rodenticide Baits for the Control of Three Invasive Rodent Species in Hawaii  

Microsoft Academic Search

We tested the efficacy and palatability of nine commercial rodenticide bait formulations on Polynesian rats (Rattus exulans), roof rats (R. rattus), and house mice (Mus musculus). Efficacy varied by rodenticide tested and rodent species. Generally, rodenticides were more effective against mice than\\u000a for either of the rat species, and mice tended to consume more rodenticide bait than the laboratory chow

William C. PittLaura; Laura C. Driscoll; Robert T. Sugihara

2011-01-01

90

First National Survey of Lead and Allergens in Housing: survey design and methods for the allergen and endotoxin components.  

PubMed Central

From July 1998 to August 1999, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences conducted the first National Survey of Lead and Allergens in Housing. The purpose of the survey was to assess children's potential household exposure to lead, allergens, and bacterial endotoxins. We surveyed a sample of 831 homes, representing 96 million permanently occupied, noninstitutional housing units that permit resident children. We administered questionnaires to household members, made home observations, and took environmental samples. This article provides general background information on the survey, an overview of the survey design, and a description of the data collection and laboratory methods pertaining to the allergen and endotoxin components. We collected dust samples from a bed, the bedroom floor, a sofa or chair, the living room floor, the kitchen floor, and a basement floor and analyzed them for cockroach allergen Bla g 1, the dust mite allergens Der f 1 and Der p 1, the cat allergen Fel d 1, the dog allergen Can f 1, the rodent allergens Rat n 1 and mouse urinary protein, allergens of the fungus Alternaria alternata, and endotoxin. This article provides the essential context for subsequent reports that will describe the prevalence of allergens and endotoxin in U.S. households, their distribution by various housing characteristics, and their associations with allergic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis. PMID:12003758

Vojta, Patrick J; Friedman, Warren; Marker, David A; Clickner, Robert; Rogers, John W; Viet, Susan M; Muilenberg, Michael L; Thorne, Peter S; Arbes, Samuel J; Zeldin, Darryl C

2002-01-01

91

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

92

Section 3 -Occupancy A. Room Reservation and Assignment  

E-print Network

at the discretion of University Housing. Preferences indicated on an application are not guaranteed. University Housing must approve changes to room assignments in advance. The University may assign or reassign indicating whether they plan to return to student housing in the fall. Students who do not participate

Pantaleone, Jim

93

Solar House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students work in teams to design and build a model of a solar house after researching several websites. Students will discover that a solar house takes advantage of solar energy to minimize the use of traditional energy sources and can include design elements that take advantage of the sun's rays to light and heat the house, to heat water, and to set up a favorable flow of air. They also learn that many solar houses contain a solar mass that will absorb the heat during the day and release it slowly at night and a passive solar house will also take into account the angle of the sun's rays, to maximize heating during the winter and shade during the summer. This site contains all of the specifications for planning, building, and testing the model and a rubric for grading the project.

Wendy Van Norden

94

House types for high-density urban housing  

SciTech Connect

Design proposals are given for 28 house types for low-rise, high-density urban structure and for 3 neighborhoods based upon these principles. Main features of the house are: (a) living spaces oriented south regardless of the orientation of access streets; (b) clustering of houses to maximize solar penetration and minimize overshadowing; (c) form of houses and their clustering designed to minimize external surface area of units to reduce energy loss in winter and gain in summer; (d) high densities to reduce distances and vehicular movement, and to encourage walking, and for efficient land use; (e) small lots of appropriate shape to permit high densities and economies of infrastructure; (f) minimum road and parking surface areas to reduce ambient temperatures in summer by using garages and multi-loading of access streets. Neighborhood characteristics include: (a) all living rooms facing south; (b) individual houses on the ground with compact gardens; (c) high density development with small lots; and (d) houses with and without integral garages, interrelated vehicular and pedestrian circulation. Each house type and neighborhood is briefly described and for each house and neighborhood is given complete drawings including elevations, sections, isometrics and plans and scale models. (LEW)

Land, P.

1982-06-01

95

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

96

2014 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION Planning to enroll in classes this summer? We have on-campus housing available for all students  

E-print Network

2014 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION Planning to enroll in classes this summer? We have on-CAMPUS SUMMER HOUSING: Summer room assignments in New Hall will be single occupancy (one student per room-mailed the week before you are scheduled to move out (check-out times, etc.). RESIDENCE HALL SUMMER ROOM AND BOARD

Bogaerts, Steven

97

Rodent phylogeny revised: analysis of six nuclear genes from all major rodent clades  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Rodentia is the most diverse order of placental mammals, with extant rodent species representing about half of all placental diversity. In spite of many morphological and molecular studies, the family-level relationships among rodents and the location of the rodent root are still debated. Although various datasets have already been analyzed to solve rodent phylogeny at the family level, these

Shani Blanga-Kanfi; Hector Miranda; Osnat Penn; Tal Pupko; Ronald W DeBry; Dorothée Huchon

2009-01-01

98

House Warming  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

Television, Twin C.

2013-01-01

99

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

100

1. EXTERIOR VIEW OF BOILER HOUSE FROM SOUTHWEST. THE BOILER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. EXTERIOR VIEW OF BOILER HOUSE FROM SOUTHWEST. THE BOILER HOUSE WAS USED FOR HEATING THE MILL; HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER FOR PRODUCTION WAS PURCHASED FROM THE COLUMBUS LIGHT & POWER COMPANY. NORTH END OF 1924 MILL TO RIGHT, c. 1970 WINDOWLESS WEAVE ROOM ADDITION TO LEFT. - Stark Mill, Boiler House, 117 Corinth Road, Hogansville, Troup County, GA

101

Allometric disparity in rodent evolution  

PubMed Central

In this study, allometric trajectories for 51 rodent species, comprising equal representatives from each of the major clades (Ctenohystrica, Muroidea, Sciuridae), are compared in a multivariate morphospace (=allometric space) to quantify magnitudes of disparity in cranial growth. Variability in allometric trajectory patterns was compared to measures of adult disparity in each clade, and dietary habit among the examined species, which together encapsulated an ecomorphological breadth. Results indicate that the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents is characterized by different features in sciurids compared with muroids and Ctenohystrica. Sciuridae was found to have a reduced magnitude of inter-trajectory change and growth patterns with less variation in allometric coefficient values among members. In contrast, a greater magnitude of difference between trajectories and an increased variation in allometric coefficient values was evident for both Ctenohystrica and muroids. Ctenohystrica and muroids achieved considerably higher adult disparities than sciurids, suggesting that conservatism in allometric trajectory modification may constrain morphological diversity in rodents. The results provide support for a role of ecology (dietary habit) in the evolution of allometric trajectories in rodents. PMID:23610638

Wilson, Laura A B

2013-01-01

102

Multipurpose Rooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents K-12 and college multipurpose rooms considered outstanding in a competition, which judged the most outstanding learning environments at educational institutions nationwide. Jurors spent two days reviewing projects, highlighting concepts and ideas that made them exceptional. For each citation, the article offers information on the firm,…

American School & University, 2003

2003-01-01

103

Unfurnished Apartment License/Lease Cancellation Request Form Please submit this form to the Office of Housing and Residential Life in room 598 of the Student Center by the 24th  

E-print Network

Unfurnished Apartment License/Lease Cancellation Request Form Please submit this form to the Office in your license/lease agreement and you must obtain all current roommate/s signatures. Requests can take if requesting an apartment lease cancellation) No longer attending Wayne State University: Housing will verify

Finley Jr., Russell L.

104

70. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

70. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE RIFLE AND CANNON POWDERS, LOOKING NORTH AT SOUTH CORNER. FAN ROOM WITH STEAM HEATER IN FOREGROUND RIGHT. COOPER ELBOW VENTS ON ROOF ARE FROM DRYING ROOMS. STEAM LINE IN FOREGROUND, POWDER WAS DRIED ON RACKS IN DRYING ROOMS VENTILATED WITH HOT AIR. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

105

Migrant Farmworker Housing Regulation Violations in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

Background The quality of housing provided to migrant farmworkers is often criticized, but few studies have investigated these housing conditions. This analysis examines housing regulation violations experienced by migrant farmworkers in North Carolina, and the associations of camp characteristics with the presence of housing violations. Methods Data were collected in183 eastern North Carolina migrant farmworker camps in 2010. Housing regulation violations for the domains of camp, sleeping room, bathroom, kitchen, laundry room, and general housing, as well as total violations were assessed using North Carolina Department of Labor standards. Results Violations of housing regulations were common, ranging from 4 to 22 per camp. Housing regulation violations were common in all domains; the mean number of camp violations was 1.6, of sleeping room violations was 3.8, of bathroom violations was 4.5, of kitchen violations was 2.3, of laundry room violations was 1.2, and of general housing violations was 3.1. The mean number of total housing violations was 11.4. Several camp characteristics were consistently associated with the number of violations; camps with workers having H-2A visas, with North Carolina Department of Labor Certificates of Inspection posted, and assessed early in the season had fewer violations. Conclusions These results argue for regulatory changes to improve the quality of housing provided to migrant farmworkers, including stronger regulations and the more vigorous enforcement of existing regulations. PMID:22237961

Arcury, Thomas A.; Weir, Maria; Chen, Haiying; Summers, Phillip; Pelletier, Lori E.; Galván, Leonardo; Bischoff, Werner E.; Mirabelli, Maria C.; Quandt, Sara A.

2013-01-01

106

74. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

74. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE RIFLE AND CANNON POWDERS, DETAIL OF WOODEN DRYING ROOM DOORS WITH WOODEN HINGES AND BOLTS FOR SPARK PREVENTION. RINGS BY DOORS TURN ON HOT AIR FLOW TO DRYING ROOMS. NOTE GROUNDING WIRE FROM RING BRACKETS. RECORDING MACHINES BY DOORS RECORD HUMIDITY IN DRYING ROOMS. DRYING ROOMS ILLUMINATED ONLY BY EXPLOSION-PROOF LIGHTING LOCATED OUTSIDE OF ROOMS. NOTE WOODEN RAILROAD RAILS IN BACKGROUND FOR 3 FT. GUAGE CARS. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

107

EFFECT OF CAGE BEDDING ON TEMPERATURE REGULATION AND METABOLISM OF GROUP-HOUSED FEMALE MICE.  

EPA Science Inventory

This manuscript examines how methods used to house and study laboratory rodents could affect the variability and quality of toxicological data. The key finding is that there is likely to be more instability in body temperature and metabolism in mice when housed on conventional be...

108

PLEASE NOTE: The Residence Office will do everything it can to accommodate your housing needs within the guidelines set forth in the Room Assignment Procedures. (These procedures may be viewed on the residence website) Students should be aware, however, t  

E-print Network

any special adaptations (e.g., a visual alarm, wheelchair-accessible washroom), please indicate here, physical or psychiatric) require appropriate supporting documentation. Documentation from your physician by the Residence Office to determine your room assignment. All documentation must be received by the Residence

109

Economic Statistics Briefing Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While more than a few curmudgeons have offered their honest opinions about statistics, we here at the Scout Report like to provide our readers with the facts and let them decide on their own. Fortunately, there are sites like the Economic Statistics Briefing Room provided by the White House. Here, visitors can peruse sections that offer information on income, output, transportation, and prices. Drawing on the research and statistical databases of several dozen federal agencies (including the National Agricultural Statistics Services), visitors can view tables and charts that offer such timely material as crude oil prices, poverty rates, and household wealth. Within each section, visitors can view summary statistics, and then if they wish, they can proceed to the homepage of the agency that provided each set of information.

110

Affordable housing  

SciTech Connect

This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

Not Available

1989-01-01

111

Housing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

Schmalz, Georgann

1985-01-01

112

10. LIVING ROOM INTERIOR SHOWING 1 OVER 1 LIGHT, DOUBLEHUNG, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. LIVING ROOM INTERIOR SHOWING 1 OVER 1 LIGHT, DOUBLEHUNG, WOOD-FRAME WINDOWS FLANKING FRONT ENTRANCE DOOR AND SOUTH END DOOR TO ENCLOSED SLEEPING PORCH/STAIR ACCESS TO ATTIC. CEILING AND WALLS IN THIS ROOM AND THROUGHOUT THE HOUSE ARE COVERED WITH ORIGINAL FIBERBOARD. THE FLOOR IN THIS ROOM AND ALL OTHERS EXCEPT THE BATHROOM, KITCHEN AND DINING ROOM ARE HARDWOOD. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Big Creek Hydroelectric System, Big Creek Town, Operator House, Orchard Avenue south of Huntington Lake Road, Big Creek, Fresno County, CA

113

Smart Houses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

114

Southeast upstairs room of northwest wing showing southeast masonry wall ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Southeast upstairs room of northwest wing showing southeast masonry wall shared with Federal addition. note angled cracks showing original 1 1/2 story gable. - Scheetz Farm, House, 7161 Camp Hill Road, Fort Washington, Montgomery County, PA

115

15. SECOND FLOOR, SOUTHWEST ROOM (HALL CHAMBER), SOUTH WALL WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. SECOND FLOOR, SOUTHWEST ROOM (HALL CHAMBER), SOUTH WALL WITH STAIRCASE TO ATTIC AND STAIRWELL FROM FIRST FLOOR - John Richardson House, 15 Race Street, Richardson Park, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

116

INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM (FRONT LANAI) LOOKING TOWARDS DINING SPACE. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM (FRONT LANAI) LOOKING TOWARDS DINING SPACE. VIEW FACING NORTH. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Makalapa, Senior Officers' Quarters Type D, 29 Makalapa Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

117

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE SINGLE PANEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE SINGLE PANEL DOOR TO THE BEDROOM AND THE FRONT ENTRY DOOR WITH VISION PANEL. VIEW FACING SOUTH. - Hickam Field, NCO Housing Type 6, 212 Eleventh Street, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

118

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE IRON STAIR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. SHOWING THE IRON STAIR RAILING AND A PORTION OF THE FRONT DOOR WITH VISION PANEL. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST. - Hickam Field, NCO Housing Type 8, 212E Thirteenth Street, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

119

9. GROUND FLOOR, EASTERN ELL, STALL ROOM, EAST WALL AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. GROUND FLOOR, EASTERN ELL, STALL ROOM, EAST WALL AND SOUTHEAST CORNER, SHOWING STAIRCASE, IRON VENTILATION GRILLE, AND ENDS OF IRON SUSPENSION RODS - George B. Slater Carriage House, 216 North Main Street, Webster, Worcester County, MA

120

BASEMENT, A view looking east into Room 24. An exit ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BASEMENT, A view looking east into Room 24. An exit door is at the far end - Department of Energy, Mound Facility, Hydrolysis House Building (HH Building), One Mound Road, Miamisburg, Montgomery County, OH

121

BASEMENT, A view looking west in Room 8 at lab ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BASEMENT, A view looking west in Room 8 at lab counters and various machines - Department of Energy, Mound Facility, Hydrolysis House Building (HH Building), One Mound Road, Miamisburg, Montgomery County, OH

122

FIRST FLOOR, A view from the northwest side of Room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FIRST FLOOR, A view from the northwest side of Room 102 looking southeast toward the catwalks - Department of Energy, Mound Facility, Hydrolysis House Building (HH Building), One Mound Road, Miamisburg, Montgomery County, OH

123

FIRST FLOOR, Looking east into Room 126 showing the equipment ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FIRST FLOOR, Looking east into Room 126 showing the equipment on the east wall - Department of Energy, Mound Facility, Hydrolysis House Building (HH Building), One Mound Road, Miamisburg, Montgomery County, OH

124

4. LARGE MEETING ROOM, SOUTH WALL, FIREPLACE AND PAINTING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. LARGE MEETING ROOM, SOUTH WALL, FIREPLACE AND PAINTING - Penn School Historic District, Frissell Community House, SC Route 37, 1 mile South of Frogmore, St. Helena Island, Frogmore, Beaufort County, SC

125

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT ROOM (WHERE MARTIN LUTHER KING MADE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT ROOM (WHERE MARTIN LUTHER KING MADE PLANS FOR HIS MOVEMENT) - Penn School Historic District, Arnett House, SC Route 37, 1 mile South of Frogmore, St. Helena Island, Frogmore, Beaufort County, SC

126

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT SOUTHWEST CORNER ROOM WITH STAIRWAY TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. FIRST FLOOR, FRONT SOUTHWEST CORNER ROOM WITH STAIRWAY TO SECOND FLOOR - Penn School Historic District, Benezet House, 1 mile South of Frogmore, Route 37, St Helena Island, Frogmore, Beaufort County, SC

127

15. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy, 1941 FRONT ROOM, FIRST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy, 1941 FRONT ROOM, FIRST FLOOR, BEFORE RESTORATION (DOOR TO RIGHT NOW ENLARGED) - Nicholas Hedges House, 1069 Thomas Jefferson Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

128

3. FIRST FLOOR, LIVING ROOM, VIEW OF FIREPLACE AND CUPBOARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. FIRST FLOOR, LIVING ROOM, VIEW OF FIREPLACE AND CUPBOARD PRIOR TO RESTORATION - Hampton Lillibridge House, No. 1, 507 East Julian Street (moved from 310 East Bryan Street), Savannah, Chatham County, GA

129

LIVING ROOM INTERIOR TAKEN FROM FRONT ENTRY. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LIVING ROOM INTERIOR TAKEN FROM FRONT ENTRY. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Hospital Point, Quarters for Officer in Charge of Radio Station, 1 Ford Island Way, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

130

6. NORTHWEST INTERIOR VIEW IN SOUTHEAST ROOM WITH SINK AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. NORTHWEST INTERIOR VIEW IN SOUTHEAST ROOM WITH SINK AND WORK STATION - Juniata Mill Complex, Camp Bunk House, 22.5 miles Southwest of Hawthorne, between Aurora Crater & Aurora Peak, Hawthorne, Mineral County, NV

131

32. INTERIOR VIEW, MUSIC ROOM LOCATED AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. INTERIOR VIEW, MUSIC ROOM LOCATED AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF THE HOUSE ON THE FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING TO THE FIREPLACE IN THE EAST WALL - Arlington Place, 331 Cotton Avenue, Southwest, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

132

Interior of passage, with two original refrigerated room doors visible. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior of passage, with two original refrigerated room doors visible. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Boiler House & Cold Storage, Butchers Shop & Dry Stores Building, South Avenue near Salvor Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

133

19. ROOM 34 AT WEST END OF LABORATORY, THAT FORMERLY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. ROOM 34 AT WEST END OF LABORATORY, THAT FORMERLY HOUSED ROCK CUTTING EQUIPMENT. NOTE BLACKED OUT ORIGINAL WINDOW AT LEFT. - U.S. Geological Survey, Rock Magnetics Laboratory, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, San Mateo County, CA

134

5. EAST SECTION OF BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR, WEST ROOM. NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. EAST SECTION OF BUILDING, FIRST FLOOR, WEST ROOM. NOTE OVEN AT LEFT. All construction original except wood flooring, plumbing and electricity. - Ralph Izard House, Kitchen Building, 110 Broad Street, Charleston, Charleston County, SC

135

21. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, DETAIL OF CATERPILLAR DIESEL ENGINE DIRECTLY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, DETAIL OF CATERPILLAR DIESEL ENGINE DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO GENERAL ELECTRIC 15 KW DC GENERATOR (ON LEFT), 110 VOLTS, 136 AMPS, 1200 RPM. INSTALLED 1942. - Death Valley Ranch, Power House, Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

136

23. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, DETAIL OF FAIRBANKSMORSE DIESEL ENGINE, DIRECTLY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. POWER ROOM INTERIOR, DETAIL OF FAIRBANKS-MORSE DIESEL ENGINE, DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO FAIRBANKS-MORSE 30 KW DC GENERATOR, 125 VOLTS, 240 AMPS, 800 RPM. INSTALLED 1930. - Death Valley Ranch, Power House, Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

137

Housing services Zinfandel Hall  

E-print Network

Housing services Zinfandel Hall (707) 664-2541 Fax: (707) 664-4158 e-mail: ssu.housing@sonoma.edu www.sonoma.edu/housing On-Campus Housing The Residential Community provides comfortable, convenient in the local area. This listing can be found online at www.sonoma.edu/housing, and includes rental houses

Ravikumar, B.

138

Urban resident attitudes toward rodents, rodent control products, and environmental effects  

EPA Science Inventory

Rodent control in urban areas can result in the inadvertent mortality of non-target species (e.g., bobcats). However, there is little detailed information about rodent control practices of urban residents. Our objective was to evaluate urban rodent control behaviors in two area...

139

Auditing laboratory rodent biosecurity programs.  

PubMed

A rodent biosecurity program that includes periodic evaluation of procedures used in an institution's vivarium can be used to ensure that best practices are in place to prevent a microbial pathogen outbreak. As a result of an ongoing comprehensive biosecurity review within their North American and European production facilities, the authors developed a novel biosecurity auditing process and worksheet that could be useful in other animal care and use operations. The authors encourage other institutions to consider initiating similar audits of their biosecurity programs to protect the health of their laboratory animals. PMID:24150170

Porter, William P; Horn, Mandy J; Cooper, Dale M; Klein, Hilton J

2013-10-22

140

B chromosomes in Brazilian rodents.  

PubMed

B chromosomes are now known in eight Brazilian rodent species: Akodon montensis, Holochilus brasiliensis, Nectomys rattus, N. squamipes, Oligoryzomys flavescens, Oryzomys angouya, Proechimys sp. 2 and Trinomys iheringi. Typically these chromosomes are heterogeneous relative to size, morphology, banding patterns, presence/absence of NORs, and presence/absence of interstitial telomeric signals after FISH. In most cases, Bs are heterochromatic and late replicating. Active NORs were detected in two species: Akodon montensis and Oryzomys angouya. As a rule, Bs behave as uni or bivalents in meiosis, there is no pairing between Bs and autosomes or sex chromosomes and also their synaptonemal complexes are isopycnotic with those in A chromosomes. PMID:15292600

Silva, M J J; Yonenaga-Yassuda, Y

2004-01-01

141

2014 Summer Housing Summer Housing dates  

E-print Network

2014 Summer Housing FACT SHEET Summer Housing dates: May 19, 2014 ­ August 9, 2014 "Rochester Shines in the Summer Time" Please read all of the information thoroughly. Once signed, your housing contract is binding. *We will begin accepting Summer Housing contracts Monday, April 7, 2014 GENERAL

Mahon, Bradford Z.

142

The role of pheromonal responses in rodent behavior: future directions for the development of laboratory protocols.  

PubMed

Pheromones--chemical signals that can elicit responses in a conspecific--are important in intraspecies communication. Information conveyed by pheromones includes the location of an animal, the presence of food or a threat, sexual attraction, courtship, and dam-pup interactions. These chemical messages remain intact and volatile even when animals, such as rodents, are housed in laboratories rather than their natural environment. Laboratory protocols, such as the cage cleaning and sanitation processes, as well as general housing conditions can alter a rodent's normal production of pheromones in both amount and type and thus may affect behavior. In addition, some procedures induce the release of alarm pheromones that subsequently alter the behavior of other rodents. To prevent pheromonal interference and stress-induced pheromonal release in their research subjects, experimenters should assess current laboratory protocols regarding cage cleaning processes, housing designs, and behavioral assays. Here we discuss how the most commonly used laboratory procedures can alter pheromonal signaling and cause confounding effects. PMID:23562094

Bind, Rebecca H; Minney, Sarah M; Rosenfeld, SaraJane; Hallock, Robert M

2013-03-01

143

The Role of Pheromonal Responses in Rodent Behavior: Future Directions for the Development of Laboratory Protocols  

PubMed Central

Pheromones—chemical signals that can elicit responses in a conspecific—are important in intraspecies communication. Information conveyed by pheromones includes the location of an animal, the presence of food or a threat, sexual attraction, courtship, and dam–pup interactions. These chemical messages remain intact and volatile even when animals, such as rodents, are housed in laboratories rather than their natural environment. Laboratory protocols, such as the cage cleaning and sanitation processes, as well as general housing conditions can alter a rodent's normal production of pheromones in both amount and type and thus may affect behavior. In addition, some procedures induce the release of alarm pheromones that subsequently alter the behavior of other rodents. To prevent pheromonal interference and stress-induced pheromonal release in their research subjects, experimenters should assess current laboratory protocols regarding cage cleaning processes, housing designs, and behavioral assays. Here we discuss how the most commonly used laboratory procedures can alter pheromonal signaling and cause confounding effects. PMID:23562094

Bind, Rebecca H; Minney, Sarah M; Rosenfeld, SaraJane; Hallock, Robert M

2013-01-01

144

30. SECOND FLOOR, NORTHEAST ROOM, SOUTH WALL. Bolection mold fireplace ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. SECOND FLOOR, NORTHEAST ROOM, SOUTH WALL. Bolection mold fireplace surround probably original with house and only remaining one thus. Note bolection panel molds on raised-panel door, also probably original with house. - Mulberry, Cooper River, West Branch, Moncks Corner, Berkeley County, SC

145

Rodent-Vegetation Relationships in Southeastern Montana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plant communities of southeastern Montana were surveyed for rodents over a two year period. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) were the most abundant rodent species found on the study area. Prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster), meadow voles (M. pennsylvanicus), sagebrush voles (Lagurus curtatus), Wyoming pocket mice (Perognathus fasciatus), thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus), least chipmunks (Eutamias minimus), and eastern fox squirrels (Sciurus

Daniel W. Uresk; Richard M. Hansen

146

Analysis of Behavior in Laboratory Rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nervous system is designed to produce behavior, and so behavioral analysis is the ultimate assay of neural function. In this chapter we provide an overview of the behavior of rodents. We also provide references for testing details. Most of the behavioral meth- odology comes from research on rats, but the ethograms of rodents are similar enough to allow for

Ian Q. Whishaw; Forrest Haun; Bryan Kolb

147

CONFERENCE ROOMS AT Tower Rooms (Rooms 2269, 3269, 4269, 5269)  

E-print Network

that accepts output from computer; · No screen or projector for 5269. Room 5602 Location 5th floor, north end Equipment · Single speaker, single wireless-lapel-microphone sound system; · LCD projector. Room 1005 for a variety of needs; · Audio console capable of accepting 24 audio inputs and a control room monitoring

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

148

Rodent Models for Metabolic Syndrome Research  

PubMed Central

Rodents are widely used to mimic human diseases to improve understanding of the causes and progression of disease symptoms and to test potential therapeutic interventions. Chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension, together known as the metabolic syndrome, are causing increasing morbidity and mortality. To control these diseases, research in rodent models that closely mimic the changes in humans is essential. This review will examine the adequacy of the many rodent models of metabolic syndrome to mimic the causes and progression of the disease in humans. The primary criterion will be whether a rodent model initiates all of the signs, especially obesity, diabetes, hypertension and dysfunction of the heart, blood vessels, liver and kidney, primarily by diet since these are the diet-induced signs in humans with metabolic syndrome. We conclude that the model that comes closest to fulfilling this criterion is the high carbohydrate, high fat-fed male rodent. PMID:21253582

Panchal, Sunil K.; Brown, Lindsay

2011-01-01

149

OBLIQUE VIEW, TCI TWOROOM HOUSE WITH STEEL ROOF AND ORIGINAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

OBLIQUE VIEW, TCI TWO-ROOM HOUSE WITH STEEL ROOF AND ORIGINAL SIDING, FRONT PORCH, BRICK CHIMNEY, AND PIER FOUNDATIONS AND A CADILLAC - Edgewater Community, Off New Mulga Loop Road (Junction 80), Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

150

33. BOILER HOUSE FURNACE AND BOILER Close view of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. BOILER HOUSE - FURNACE AND BOILER Close view of the Dorward Engineering Company furnace and boiler which provided steam to the cooking retorts in the adjacent room. - Hovden Cannery, 886 Cannery Row, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

151

1. VIEW OF MILL WORKER HOUSE AT 502 ASKEW AVE. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF MILL WORKER HOUSE AT 502 ASKEW AVE. HOUSE IS 1 1/2 STORY, 3 BAY SIDE GABLE WITH REAR KITCHEN ELL AND PORCH EXTENDING FROM FRONT. LOCKWOOD GREENE ENGINEERS BUILT THIS AND 128 OTHER NEW HOUSES FOR NEW ENGLAND SOUTHERN MILLS IN 1923-1924. THE PREEXISTING MILL VILLAGE NEEDED TO BE EXPANDED TO ACCOMODATE WORKERS FOR THEIR NEW STARK MILL IN HOGANSVILLE. THIS HOUSE WAS BUILT WITH INDOOR PLUMBING, AND ELECTRICITY AT A COST OF APPROXIMATELY $430 PER ROOM. - 502 Askew Avenue (House), 502 Askew Avenue, Hogansville, Troup County, GA

152

UCSC For-Sale Housing Questionnaire (2013-2014) Colleges, Housing and Educational Services (CHES) Phone: (831) 458-3506  

E-print Network

) Phone: (831) 458-3506 Faculty and Staff Housing Office Fax: (831) 458-1937 Hagar Court Community Room and Eligibility Contact Information Name: Email address: Cell Phone: Home Phone: Work Phone: Campus Mailstop: Date

California at Santa Cruz, University of

153

Keeping warm: Findings from the Kansas City warm room retrofit project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The warm room retrofit is a response to a common problem: how to stay warm in a large, poorly insulated house during the coldest parts of winter. The problem is especially acute for low-income and elderly homeowners who may not have sufficient resources to improve the thermal integrity of their entire house. Although still an experimental technique, the warm room

B. S. Wagner; R. C. Diamond

1986-01-01

154

LIVING ROOM WITH HALL TO BEDROOMS AT FAR WALL. NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LIVING ROOM WITH HALL TO BEDROOMS AT FAR WALL. NOTE FLOOR TO CEILING WINDOWS ON RIGHT AND SLIDING DOORS TO DINING ROOM ON LEFT. VIEW FACING SOUTHWEST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 7, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

155

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. NOTE THE SLIDING DOORS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM. NOTE THE SLIDING DOORS TO THE DINING ROOM ON THE LEFT. VIEW FACING NORTH - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Three-Bedroom Duplex Type 2, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

156

INTERIOR VIEW OF DINING ROOM WITH PASSTHROUGH TO KITCHEN. NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF DINING ROOM WITH PASS-THROUGH TO KITCHEN. NOTE THE SIDING DOORS TO THE LIVING ROOM ON RIGHT. VIEW FACING SOUTHWEST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Two-Bedroom Duplex Type 1, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

157

BASEMENT, A view of the southeast corner of Room 6 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BASEMENT, A view of the southeast corner of Room 6 and connection to Room 5, looking southeast at the gauges and various equipment on the walls - Department of Energy, Mound Facility, Hydrolysis House Building (HH Building), One Mound Road, Miamisburg, Montgomery County, OH

158

33. INTERIOR VIEW, DINING ROOM LOCATED AT THE SOUTHEAST CORNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. INTERIOR VIEW, DINING ROOM LOCATED AT THE SOUTHEAST CORNER OF THE HOUSE ON THE FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING TO THE FIREPLACE IN THE EAST WALL (NOTE DOORWAY TO THE MUSIC ROOM ON THE LEFT (NORTH) SIDE OF THE PHOTOGRAPH) - Arlington Place, 331 Cotton Avenue, Southwest, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

159

Identification of novel anelloviruses with broad diversity in UK rodents.  

PubMed

Anelloviruses are a family of small circular ssDNA viruses with a vast genetic diversity. Human infections with the prototype anellovirus, torque teno virus (TTV), are ubiquitous and related viruses have been described in a number of other mammalian hosts. Despite over 15 years of investigation, there is still little known about the pathogenesis and possible disease associations of anellovirus infections, arising in part due to the lack of a robust cell culture system for viral replication or tractable small-animal model. We report the identification of diverse anelloviruses in several species of wild rodents. The viruses are highly prevalent in wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and field voles (Microtus agrestis), detectable at a low frequency in bank voles (Myodes glareolus), but absent from house mice (Mus musculus). The viruses identified have a genomic organization consistent with other anelloviruses, but form two clear phylogenetic groups that are as distinct from each other as from defined genera. PMID:24744300

Nishiyama, Shoko; Dutia, Bernadette M; Stewart, James P; Meredith, Anna L; Shaw, Darren J; Simmonds, Peter; Sharp, Colin P

2014-07-01

160

Molecular detection of bacterial contamination in gnotobiotic rodent units  

PubMed Central

Gnotobiotic rodents provide an important technique to study the functional roles of commensal bacteria in host physiology and pathophysiology. To ensure sterility, these animals must be screened frequently for contamination. The traditional screening approaches of culturing and Gram staining feces have inherent limitations, as many bacteria are uncultivable and fecal Gram stains are difficult to interpret. Thus, we developed and validated molecular methods to definitively detect and identify contamination in germ-free (GF) and selectively colonized animals. Fresh fecal pellets were collected from rodents housed in GF isolators, spontaneously contaminated ex-GF isolators, selectively colonized isolators and specific pathogen-free (SPF) conditions. DNA isolated from mouse and rat fecal samples was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and subjected to quantitative PCR (qPCR) using universal primers that amplify the 16S rRNA gene from all bacterial groups. PCR products were sequenced to identify contaminating bacterial species. Random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) PCR profiles verified bacterial inoculation of selectively colonized animals. These PCR techniques more accurately detected and identified GF isolator contamination than current standard approaches. These molecular techniques can be utilized to more definitively screen GF and selectively colonized animals for bacterial contamination when Gram stain and/or culture results are un-interpretable or inconsistent. PMID:23887190

Packey, Christopher D; Shanahan, Michael T; Manick, Sayeed; Bower, Maureen A; Ellermann, Melissa; Tonkonogy, Susan L; Carroll, Ian M; Sartor, R Balfour

2013-01-01

161

Housing, Design, and Furnishings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains teacher's materials for a six-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on housing, design, and furnishings. The units cover: (1) the societal aspects of housing (including the relationship between housing and the economy, population trends, and culture-related housing characteristics); (2) family housing…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

162

73. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

73. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE RIFLE AND CANNON POWDERS, NORTHEAST ELEVATION, EACH COOPER ELBOW VENT ON THE ROOF COMES FROM A DRYING ROOM. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

163

62. 1901 STEAM ENGINE HOUSE LOOKING SOUTH THROUH TO 1902 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

62. 1901 STEAM ENGINE HOUSE LOOKING SOUTH THROUH TO 1902 STEAM TURBINE ROOM COLUMNS SUPPORT TRUE EXTERIOR WEST WALL OF THE BUILDING. PORTION TO RIGHT OF COLUMNS IS A LOWER CONNECTOR BETWEEN THE ENGINE HOUSE AND THE 1873 WING. - Boston Manufacturing Company, 144-190 Moody Street, Waltham, Middlesex County, MA

164

The Insulation of Houses against Noise from Aircraft in Flight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three groups of traditional houses were insulated against aircraft noise by double glazing and installing sound attenuating ventilator units. For upper floor rooms of two story houses, overall insulations of 35-40 dB were obtainable, providing transmission through the roofs and down flues were also reduced. The noise levels caused by ventilator…

Scholes, W. E.; Parkin, P. H.

165

Thermal network model of a passive solar house  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 35-node thermal network simulation model used at UCSD for modelling houses containing several passive or hybrid features is described. To avoid biases associated with use of a room node, radiative and convective heat exchanges between components are modelled separately. Run costs are under $1 for a 7-month heating season. The house modelled is a wood frame building with slab

J. A. Carroll; J. R. Clinton

1980-01-01

166

1. SOUTH ELEVATION, THE FAN HOUSE WAS CONSTRUCTED BY THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. SOUTH ELEVATION, THE FAN HOUSE WAS CONSTRUCTED BY THE MARYLAND NEW RIVER COAL COMPANY IN LATE 1940S OR EARLY 1950S TO VENTILATE MINE WORKINGS, ENTRANCE TO MINE (LEFT) AND MOTOR ROOM (RIGHT), WHICH HOUSED THE ELECTRIC MOTOR AND VENTILATING FAN - Nuttallburg Mine Complex, Fan House, North side of New River, 2.7 miles upstream from Fayette Landing, Lookout, Fayette County, WV

167

Campuses See Rising Demand for Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The numbers looked strange. In early March, the University of Missouri had received many more campus-housing contracts than it expected. Each year many upperclassmen cancel their agreements after finding an off-campus rental, leaving enough spaces for incoming students. But on March 17, the first day freshmen could select their rooms online, there…

Hoover, Eric

2008-01-01

168

Habitat-specific shaping of proliferation and neuronal differentiation in adult hippocampal neurogenesis of wild rodents.  

PubMed

Daily life of wild mammals is characterized by a multitude of attractive and aversive stimuli. The hippocampus processes complex polymodal information associated with such stimuli and mediates adequate behavioral responses. How newly generated hippocampal neurons in wild animals contribute to hippocampal function is still a subject of debate. Here, we test the relationship between adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) and habitat types. To this end, we compare wild Muridae species of southern Africa [Namaqua rock mouse (Micaelamys namaquensis), red veld rat (Aethomys chrysophilus), highveld gerbil (Tatera brantsii), and spiny mouse (Acomys spinosissimus)] with data from wild European Muridae [long-tailed wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus), pygmy field mice (Apodemus microps), yellow-necked wood mice (Apodemus flavicollis), and house mice (Mus musculus domesticus)] from previous studies. The pattern of neurogenesis, expressed in normalized numbers of Ki67- and Doublecortin(DCX)-positive cells to total granule cells (GCs), is similar for the species from a southern African habitat. However, we found low proliferation, but high neuronal differentiation in rodents from the southern African habitat compared to rodents from the European environment. Within the African rodents, we observe additional regulatory and morphological traits in the hippocampus. Namaqua rock mice with previous pregnancies showed lower AHN compared to males and nulliparous females. The phylogenetically closely related species (Namaqua rock mouse and red veld rat) show a CA4, which is not usually observed in murine rodents. The specific features of the southern environment that may be associated with the high number of young neurons in African rodents still remain to be elucidated. This study provides the first evidence that a habitat can shape adult neurogenesis in rodents across phylogenetic groups. PMID:23616743

Cavegn, Nicole; van Dijk, R Maarten; Menges, Dominik; Brettschneider, Helene; Phalanndwa, Mashudu; Chimimba, Christian T; Isler, Karin; Lipp, Hans-Peter; Slomianka, Lutz; Amrein, Irmgard

2013-01-01

169

Habitat-specific shaping of proliferation and neuronal differentiation in adult hippocampal neurogenesis of wild rodents  

PubMed Central

Daily life of wild mammals is characterized by a multitude of attractive and aversive stimuli. The hippocampus processes complex polymodal information associated with such stimuli and mediates adequate behavioral responses. How newly generated hippocampal neurons in wild animals contribute to hippocampal function is still a subject of debate. Here, we test the relationship between adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) and habitat types. To this end, we compare wild Muridae species of southern Africa [Namaqua rock mouse (Micaelamys namaquensis), red veld rat (Aethomys chrysophilus), highveld gerbil (Tatera brantsii), and spiny mouse (Acomys spinosissimus)] with data from wild European Muridae [long-tailed wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus), pygmy field mice (Apodemus microps), yellow-necked wood mice (Apodemus flavicollis), and house mice (Mus musculus domesticus)] from previous studies. The pattern of neurogenesis, expressed in normalized numbers of Ki67- and Doublecortin(DCX)-positive cells to total granule cells (GCs), is similar for the species from a southern African habitat. However, we found low proliferation, but high neuronal differentiation in rodents from the southern African habitat compared to rodents from the European environment. Within the African rodents, we observe additional regulatory and morphological traits in the hippocampus. Namaqua rock mice with previous pregnancies showed lower AHN compared to males and nulliparous females. The phylogenetically closely related species (Namaqua rock mouse and red veld rat) show a CA4, which is not usually observed in murine rodents. The specific features of the southern environment that may be associated with the high number of young neurons in African rodents still remain to be elucidated. This study provides the first evidence that a habitat can shape adult neurogenesis in rodents across phylogenetic groups. PMID:23616743

Cavegn, Nicole; van Dijk, R. Maarten; Menges, Dominik; Brettschneider, Helene; Phalanndwa, Mashudu; Chimimba, Christian T.; Isler, Karin; Lipp, Hans-Peter; Slomianka, Lutz; Amrein, Irmgard

2013-01-01

170

Richard Oscar Burgess House (The “Crayola” House)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Queen Anne style. A 2 1\\/2 - story house with a slate hip roof, paired gable dormers, corner turret, and stained - glass windows. The Armory Revival Company added a humorous turn to the house in 1984 by leaving the eastern section of this vividly painted house only partially colored and attaching large simulations of Crayons on the wall. This

Chet Smolski

1987-01-01

171

Health and housing outcomes from green renovation of low-income housing in Washington, DC.  

PubMed

Green building systems have proliferated recently, but studies are limited of associated health and housing outcomes. The authors measured self-reported resident physical and mental health, allergens, and building conditions at baseline and one-year follow-up in a low-income housing development being renovated in accordance with green healthy housing improvements (Enterprise Green Communities standards and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design [LEED] gold certification). Self-reported general health in adults significantly improved from 59% to 67% (p = .026), with large statistically significant improvements in water/ dampness problems, cockroaches and rodents, and reduced pesticide use. Median cockroach (Bla g1) and mouse (Mus m1) allergen dust loadings showed large and statistically significant reductions from baseline to three months postintervention and were sustained at one year (both p < .05). Energy and water cost savings were 16% and 54%, respectively. Incorporating Enterprise Green Communities and LEED standards in low-income housing renovation improves health and housing conditions and can help to reduce disparities. All green housing standards should include health-related requirements. PMID:24683934

Jacobs, David E; Breysse, Jill; Dixon, Sherry L; Aceti, Susan; Kawecki, Carol; James, Mark; Wilson, Jay

2014-03-01

172

6. Keeper's house, first floor, detail of woodwork, looking northeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Keeper's house, first floor, detail of woodwork, looking northeast from southwest room into northwest room and stair hall - Ram Island Light Station, Ram Island, south of Ocean Point & just north of Fisherman Island, marking south side of Fisherman Island Passage, Ocean Point, Lincoln County, ME

173

Rodent phylogeny revised: analysis of six nuclear genes from all major rodent clades  

PubMed Central

Background Rodentia is the most diverse order of placental mammals, with extant rodent species representing about half of all placental diversity. In spite of many morphological and molecular studies, the family-level relationships among rodents and the location of the rodent root are still debated. Although various datasets have already been analyzed to solve rodent phylogeny at the family level, these are difficult to combine because they involve different taxa and genes. Results We present here the largest protein-coding dataset used to study rodent relationships. It comprises six nuclear genes, 41 rodent species, and eight outgroups. Our phylogenetic reconstructions strongly support the division of Rodentia into three clades: (1) a "squirrel-related clade", (2) a "mouse-related clade", and (3) Ctenohystrica. Almost all evolutionary relationships within these clades are also highly supported. The primary remaining uncertainty is the position of the root. The application of various models and techniques aimed to remove non-phylogenetic signal was unable to solve the basal rodent trifurcation. Conclusion Sequencing and analyzing a large sequence dataset enabled us to resolve most of the evolutionary relationships among Rodentia. Our findings suggest that the uncertainty regarding the position of the rodent root reflects the rapid rodent radiation that occurred in the Paleocene rather than the presence of conflicting phylogenetic and non-phylogenetic signals in the dataset. PMID:19341461

Blanga-Kanfi, Shani; Miranda, Hector; Penn, Osnat; Pupko, Tal; DeBry, Ronald W; Huchon, Dorothée

2009-01-01

174

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2012-04-01

175

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2013-04-01

176

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2010-04-01

177

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2011-04-01

178

21 CFR 1250.96 - Rodent control.  

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.96 Rodent control. Vessels shall be maintained free of...

2014-04-01

179

Rodents as potential couriers for bioterrorism agents.  

PubMed

Many pathogens that can cause major public health, economic, and social damage are relatively easily accessible and could be used as biological weapons. Wildlife is a natural reservoir for many potential bioterrorism agents, and, as history has shown, eliminating a pathogen that has dispersed among wild fauna can be extremely challenging. Since a number of wild rodent species live close to humans, rodents constitute a vector for pathogens to circulate among wildlife, domestic animals, and humans. This article reviews the possible consequences of a deliberate spread of rodentborne pathogens. It is relatively easy to infect wild rodents with certain pathogens or to release infected rodents, and the action would be difficult to trace. Rodents can also function as reservoirs for diseases that have been spread during a bioterrorism attack and cause recurring disease outbreaks. As rats and mice are common in both urban and rural settlements, deliberately released rodentborne infections have the capacity to spread very rapidly. The majority of pathogens that are listed as potential agents of bioterrorism by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases exploit rodents as vectors or reservoirs. In addition to zoonotic diseases, deliberately released rodentborne epizootics can have serious economic consequences for society, for example, in the area of international trade restrictions. The ability to rapidly detect introduced diseases and effectively communicate with the public in crisis situations enables a quick response and is essential for successful and cost-effective disease control. PMID:23971813

Lõhmus, Mare; Janse, Ingmar; van de Goot, Frank; van Rotterdam, Bart J

2013-09-01

180

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2011-04-01

181

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2010-04-01

182

Maripa hantavirus in French Guiana: phylogenetic position and predicted spatial distribution of rodent hosts.  

PubMed

A molecular screening of wild-caught rodents was conducted in French Guiana, South America to identify hosts of the hantavirus Maripa described in 2008 in a hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) case. Over a 9-year period, 418 echimyids and murids were captured. Viral RNA was detected in two sigmodontine rodents, Oligoryzomys fulvescens and Zygodontomys brevicauda, trapped close to the house of a second HPS case that occurred in 2009 and an O. fulvescens close to the fourth HPS case identified in 2013. Sequences from the rodents had 96% and 97% nucleotide identity (fragment of S and M segments, respectively) with the sequence of the first human HPS case. Phylogenetic reconstructions based on the complete sequence of the S segment show that Maripa virus is closely related to Rio Mamore hantavirus. Using environmental descriptors of trapping sites, including vegetation, landscape units, rain, and human disturbance, a maximal entropy-based species distribution model allowed for identification of areas of higher predicted occurrence of the two rodents, where emergence risks of Maripa virus are expected to be higher. PMID:24752689

de Thoisy, Benoît; Matheus, Séverine; Catzeflis, François; Clément, Luc; Barrioz, Sébastien; Guidez, Amandine; Donato, Damien; Cornu, Jean-François; Brunaux, Olivier; Guitet, Stéphane; Lacoste, Vincent; Lavergne, Anne

2014-06-01

183

The rodent Research Animal Holding Facility as a barrier to environmental contamination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rodent Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF), developed by NASA Ames Research Center (ARC) to separately house rodents in a Spacelab, was verified as a barrier to environmental contaminants during a 12-day biocompatibility test. Environmental contaminants considered were solid particulates, microorganisms, ammonia, and typical animal odors. The 12-day test conducted in August 1988 was designed to verify that the rodent RAHF system would adequately support and maintain animal specimens during normal system operations. Additional objectives of this test were to demonstrate that: (1) the system would capture typical particulate debris produced by the animal; (2) microorganisms would be contained; and (3) the passage of animal odors was adequately controlled. In addition, the amount of carbon dioxide exhausted by the RAHF system was to be quantified. Of primary importance during the test was the demonstration that the RAHF would contain particles greater than 150 micrometers. This was verified after analyzing collection plates placed under exhaust air ducts and and rodent cages during cage maintenance operations, e.g., waste tray and feeder changeouts. Microbiological testing identified no additional organisms in the test environment that could be traced to the RAHF. Odor containment was demonstrated to be less than barely detectable. Ammonia could not be detected in the exhaust air from the RAHF system. Carbon dioxide levels were verified to be less than 0.35 percent.

Savage, P. D., Jr.; Jahns, G. C.; Dalton, B. P.; Hogan, R. P.; Wray, A. E.

1989-01-01

184

Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in wild small rodents, potentially preys of ocelots in north-eastern Mexico.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in rodents that coexist with ocelots in north-eastern Mexico. Eighty rodents of five genera were captured and their serum samples tested for specific IgG antibodies to T. gondii by in-house indirect ELISA using three different conjugates. Prevalences of 7% (3/44) and 33% (4/12) were found in Sigmodon hispidus and Liomys irroratus, respectively, and were significantly different. All Baiomys taylori and Oligoryzomys fulvescens were negative for the presence of anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies. The samples from Peromyscus spp. could not be analyzed because none of the three conjugates tested recognized their immunoglobulins. Infection was confirmed in one single specimen of L. irroratus by qPCR, which generated an estimate of 146 parasites per mg of muscle tissue. The results strongly support the notion of active T. gondii transmission between rodents and felines in this zone of Mexico and an important role of some rodent species in the sylvatic cycle of T. gondii. PMID:25375977

Rendón-Franco, Emilio; Xicoténcatl-García, Lizbeth; Rico-Torres, Claudia Patricia; Muñoz-García, Claudia Irais; Caso-Aguilar, Arturo; Suzán, Gerardo; Correa, Dolores; Caballero-Ortega, Heriberto

2014-01-01

185

Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in wild small rodents, potentially preys of ocelots in north-eastern Mexico  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in rodents that coexist with ocelots in north-eastern Mexico. Eighty rodents of five genera were captured and their serum samples tested for specific IgG antibodies to T. gondii by in-house indirect ELISA using three different conjugates. Prevalences of 7% (3/44) and 33% (4/12) were found in Sigmodon hispidus and Liomys irroratus, respectively, and were significantly different. All Baiomys taylori and Oligoryzomys fulvescens were negative for the presence of anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies. The samples from Peromyscus spp. could not be analyzed because none of the three conjugates tested recognized their immunoglobulins. Infection was confirmed in one single specimen of L. irroratus by qPCR, which generated an estimate of 146 parasites per mg of muscle tissue. The results strongly support the notion of active T. gondii transmission between rodents and felines in this zone of Mexico and an important role of some rodent species in the sylvatic cycle of T. gondii. PMID:25375977

Rendón-Franco, Emilio; Xicoténcatl-García, Lizbeth; Rico-Torres, Claudia Patricia; Muñoz-García, Claudia Irais; Caso-Aguilar, Arturo; Suzán, Gerardo; Correa, Dolores; Caballero-Ortega, Heriberto

2014-01-01

186

Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING  

E-print Network

in compliance with the University Housing Handbook and Student Code of Conduct and in a reasonable mannerPortland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING FAMILY MEMBER CONFIRMATION FORM *UNIVERSITY HOUSING OFFICE *625. DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS (Please bring originals ­ copies will be made at the University Housing Office.) 1

Bertini, Robert L.

187

House siding solar panel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A house siding solar panel for the efficient conversion of solar radiation into usable heat energy, which includes an aesthetically pleasing housing having forwardly beveled side edges so that the panels may be mounted directly to the side of the house much like conventional siding, and present an aesthetically pleasing appearance. The front wall of the housing is a prismatic

Tennings

1984-01-01

188

The Fecal Viral Flora of Wild Rodents  

PubMed Central

The frequent interactions of rodents with humans make them a common source of zoonotic infections. To obtain an initial unbiased measure of the viral diversity in the enteric tract of wild rodents we sequenced partially purified, randomly amplified viral RNA and DNA in the feces of 105 wild rodents (mouse, vole, and rat) collected in California and Virginia. We identified in decreasing frequency sequences related to the mammalian viruses families Circoviridae, Picobirnaviridae, Picornaviridae, Astroviridae, Parvoviridae, Papillomaviridae, Adenoviridae, and Coronaviridae. Seventeen small circular DNA genomes containing one or two replicase genes distantly related to the Circoviridae representing several potentially new viral families were characterized. In the Picornaviridae family two new candidate genera as well as a close genetic relative of the human pathogen Aichi virus were characterized. Fragments of the first mouse sapelovirus and picobirnaviruses were identified and the first murine astrovirus genome was characterized. A mouse papillomavirus genome and fragments of a novel adenovirus and adenovirus-associated virus were also sequenced. The next largest fraction of the rodent fecal virome was related to insect viruses of the Densoviridae, Iridoviridae, Polydnaviridae, Dicistroviriade, Bromoviridae, and Virgaviridae families followed by plant virus-related sequences in the Nanoviridae, Geminiviridae, Phycodnaviridae, Secoviridae, Partitiviridae, Tymoviridae, Alphaflexiviridae, and Tombusviridae families reflecting the largely insect and plant rodent diet. Phylogenetic analyses of full and partial viral genomes therefore revealed many previously unreported viral species, genera, and families. The close genetic similarities noted between some rodent and human viruses might reflect past zoonoses. This study increases our understanding of the viral diversity in wild rodents and highlights the large number of still uncharacterized viruses in mammals. PMID:21909269

Phan, Tung G.; Kapusinszky, Beatrix; Wang, Chunlin; Rose, Robert K.; Lipton, Howard L.; Delwart, Eric L.

2011-01-01

189

The fecal viral flora of wild rodents.  

PubMed

The frequent interactions of rodents with humans make them a common source of zoonotic infections. To obtain an initial unbiased measure of the viral diversity in the enteric tract of wild rodents we sequenced partially purified, randomly amplified viral RNA and DNA in the feces of 105 wild rodents (mouse, vole, and rat) collected in California and Virginia. We identified in decreasing frequency sequences related to the mammalian viruses families Circoviridae, Picobirnaviridae, Picornaviridae, Astroviridae, Parvoviridae, Papillomaviridae, Adenoviridae, and Coronaviridae. Seventeen small circular DNA genomes containing one or two replicase genes distantly related to the Circoviridae representing several potentially new viral families were characterized. In the Picornaviridae family two new candidate genera as well as a close genetic relative of the human pathogen Aichi virus were characterized. Fragments of the first mouse sapelovirus and picobirnaviruses were identified and the first murine astrovirus genome was characterized. A mouse papillomavirus genome and fragments of a novel adenovirus and adenovirus-associated virus were also sequenced. The next largest fraction of the rodent fecal virome was related to insect viruses of the Densoviridae, Iridoviridae, Polydnaviridae, Dicistroviriade, Bromoviridae, and Virgaviridae families followed by plant virus-related sequences in the Nanoviridae, Geminiviridae, Phycodnaviridae, Secoviridae, Partitiviridae, Tymoviridae, Alphaflexiviridae, and Tombusviridae families reflecting the largely insect and plant rodent diet. Phylogenetic analyses of full and partial viral genomes therefore revealed many previously unreported viral species, genera, and families. The close genetic similarities noted between some rodent and human viruses might reflect past zoonoses. This study increases our understanding of the viral diversity in wild rodents and highlights the large number of still uncharacterized viruses in mammals. PMID:21909269

Phan, Tung G; Kapusinszky, Beatrix; Wang, Chunlin; Rose, Robert K; Lipton, Howard L; Delwart, Eric L

2011-09-01

190

Experimental evaluation of rodent exclusion methods to reduce hantavirus transmission to residents in a Native American community in New Mexico.  

PubMed

We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of rodent proofing continuously occupied homes as a method for lowering the risk for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) among residents of a Native American community in northwestern New Mexico. Rodent proofing of dwellings was paired with culturally appropriate health education. Seventy homes were randomly assigned to treatment or control categories. Treatment homes were rodent-proofed by sealing openings around foundations, doors, roofs, and pipes and repairing screens and windows. Repairs to each dwelling were limited to $500 US. After repairs were completed, 15-20 snap traps were placed in each treatment and control home and checked approximately every 2 days for an average of 3-4 weeks. During 23,373 trap nights, one house mouse (Mus musculus) was captured in one treatment home, and 20 mice (16 deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus, two Pinyon mice, Peromyscus truei, and two unidentified mice) were captured in five control homes (one house had 14 captures, two had two captures, and two had one capture). Trap success was 0.01% in treatment homes and 0.15% in controls. Intensity of infestation (mean number of mice captured per infested home) was 1 in treatment homes and 4 in controls. Observations of evidence of infestation (feces, nesting material, gnaw marks, or reports of infestation by occupant) per 100 days of observation were 1.2 in treatment homes and 3.1 in controls. Statistical power of the experiment was limited because it coincided with a period of low rodent abundance (August-November 2000). Nevertheless, these results suggest that inexpensive rodent proofing of occupied rural homes can decrease the frequency and intensity of rodent intrusion, thereby reducing the risk of HPS among rural residents in the southwestern United States. PMID:12653299

Hopkins, Andrew S; Whitetail-Eagle, Joe; Corneli, Amy L; Person, Bobbie; Ettestad, Paul J; DiMenna, Mark; Norstog, Jon; Creswell, Jacob; Khan, Ali S; Olson, James G; Cavallaro, Kathleen F; Bryan, Ralph T; Cheek, James E; Begay, Bruce; Hoddenbach, Gerard A; Ksiazek, Thomas G; Mills, James N

2002-01-01

191

More than numbers matter: The effect of social factors on behaviour and welfare of laboratory rodents and non-human primates  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of laboratory animal science, increasing attention has been given to the possible influence of housing and husbandry on the behaviour and welfare of laboratory animals as well as on the scientific integrity. With the present paper, we aim to contribute to this knowledge by reviewing existing literature on how social factors influence laboratory rodents and non-human primates.

I. Anna S. Olsson; Karolina Westlund

2007-01-01

192

75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

2010-01-26

193

Rodent growth, behavior, and physiology resulting from flight on the Space Life Sciences-1 mission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A rodent-based spaceflight study is conducted to investigate physiological changes in rats vs humans and the effects of changes in the design of the Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF) and the Animal Enclosure Module (AEM). Rats were housed in the AEM and the RAHF, and controls were kept in identical flight hardware on earth subjected to the same flight-environmental profile. Biosamples and organ weights are taken to compare the rats before and after flight, and food/water intake are also compared. Weight gain, body weight, and food consumptions in the flight rats are significantly lower than corresponding values for the control subjects. Flight rats tend to have smaller postexperiment spleens and hearts, and flight rats consumed more water in the AEM than in the RAHF. The rodents' behavior is analogous to humans with respect to physiological and reconditioning effects, showing that the rat is a good model for basic research into the effects of spaceflight on humans.

Jahns, G.; Meylor, J.; Fast, T.; Hawes, N.; Zarow, G.

1992-01-01

194

1. VIEW OF SUPERINTENDENT'S HOUSE ON ROUTE 29, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF SUPERINTENDENT'S HOUSE ON ROUTE 29, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. THIS TWO-STORY, HIPPED-ROOF STRUCTURE WITH A CENTRAL HALL AND CHIMNEY WAS CONSTRUCTED FOR THE SUPERINTENDENT OF STARK MILL, NEW ENGLAND SOUTHERN MILLS IN 1923-24. THE MILL ENGINEERS, LOCKWOOD GREENE COMPANY, ALSO DESIGNED AND BUILT THE NEW MILL HOUSING. THIS HOUSE HAS SEVEN ROOMS, BATH, SCREENED OUTSIDE PORCH AND SLEEPING PORCH, AND GARAGE. IT COST APPROXIMATELY $9,000. - Superintendent's House, Southwest corner of Routes 29 & 100, Hogansville, Troup County, GA

195

Rodent-associated Bartonella in Saskatchewan, Canada.  

PubMed

Six species of wild rodents were sampled at 10 sites in 2002 and 2003 to determine the prevalence of Bartonella infections in rodent communities near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. Isolates were characterized genotypically and compared with isolates found at other locations. Of 104 wild rodents examined, 57% were infected with Bartonella and prevalence within species varied from 49% for Richardson's ground squirrels (Spermophilus richardsonii) to 90% for Franklin's ground squirrels (S. franklinii). Infected rodents were found at all sites. Sequencing of a 379-bp portion of the citrate synthase gene was performed on 54 isolates and revealed 13 distinct genotypes, eight of which had not been described previously. The most common genotype detected in red-backed voles (Clethrionomys gapperi) was 99.1% similar to B. grahamii, a known human pathogen. Two of 10 Franklin's ground squirrels were concurrently infected with multiple Bartonella genotypes. All genotypes, with the exception of one detected in both Franklin's and thirteen-lined ground squirrels (S. tridecemlineatus), were found in only one host, and all genotypes from each species, with the exception of genotypes detected in red-backed voles, clustered together within the same relatedness group, suggesting that at least some Bartonella genotypes are specific to some rodent hosts. PMID:16417436

Jardine, Claire; Appleyard, Greg; Kosoy, Michael Y; McColl, Dorothy; Chirino-Trejo, Manuel; Wobeser, Gary; Leighton, Frederick A

2005-01-01

196

7 CFR 58.247 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Insect and rodent control program. 58.247 Section 58.247 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...Service 1 Operations and Operating Procedures § 58.247 Insect and rodent control program. In...

2010-01-01

197

SRO : single room occupancy  

E-print Network

During August of 1996, I stayed in a series of SRO hotels in New York City leaving a book and diary behind when I checked out of each room. The books that were left in the rooms differ from one room to the other but all ...

Shimada, Taketo

1997-01-01

198

100% petroleum house  

E-print Network

I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

2013-01-01

199

Eco-House Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students in this course explore designs of a future Carleton College student house. This is a multi-year project where students from the social sciences, humanities / arts, and natural sciences explore parts of the design of an actual house.

Environmental Studies Course, Carleton College Professor Gary Wagenbach gwagenba@carleton.edu and Lecturer Richard Strong rstrong@acws.carleton.edu, Compiled by Suzanne Savanick, Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, ssavanic@carleton.edu

200

Charles A. Hopkins House  

Microsoft Academic Search

French Modern Gothic House\\u000aThe two units appear as different halves of an asymmetrical composition. The simulated structure enframes openings and decorative panels. The house was built for an insurance agent.

Chet Smolski

2011-01-01

201

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

1992-01-01

202

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member. 3 figs.

Duncan, D.B.

1992-12-29

203

International Student Support Office Room 162 Northcote House  

E-print Network

to going back to your home country, to your family, friends and colleagues, and to the culture that you; and to prepare you for returning to your home culture. Family relationships and friends One student said: Here I is organised and leisure activities, and this might be very different from attitudes at home. You might also

Mumby, Peter J.

204

Residential Learning University Housing  

E-print Network

of the Office of Residential Life & University Housing is to assist and support students in the pursuit of Residential Learning & University Housing exists to support each individual resident student in all areasResidential Learning & University Housing Handbook 2008 - 2009 A Guide for Residential Living

Rusu, Adrian

205

Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

and closing includes the dates university housing is available for students to move in and dates that students charge an administrative fee to any student who resides in university housing prior to or after Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION Wesleyan University believes that residential life

Devoto, Stephen H.

206

Family Housing and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the need for a strong family housing program to support a student body composed of many nontraditional students, Texas Woman's University converted a traditional residence hall into a family housing unit with an after-school and summer recreation program. The majority of residents in family housing are single mothers with children who…

Murphy-Chadwick, Nancy; And Others

207

Housing And Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way a cat is housed will have a significant impact on its welfare. The range of housing conditions in which cats may be kept include boarding, breeding and quarantine catteries, shelters, research facilities, veterinary practices and the home. Drawing on ethological principles, the evolutionary history of the cat and studies of cats kept in different conditions, the housing requirements

Irene Rochlitz

208

7 CFR 58.247 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.247...and Operating Procedures § 58.247 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program as...

2011-01-01

209

7 CFR 58.247 - Insect and rodent control program.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.247...and Operating Procedures § 58.247 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program as...

2014-01-01

210

7 CFR 58.147 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.147...and Operating Procedures § 58.147 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program....

2012-01-01

211

7 CFR 58.147 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.147...and Operating Procedures § 58.147 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program....

2010-01-01

212

7 CFR 58.147 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.147...and Operating Procedures § 58.147 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program....

2011-01-01

213

7 CFR 58.247 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.247...and Operating Procedures § 58.247 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program as...

2012-01-01

214

7 CFR 58.247 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.247...and Operating Procedures § 58.247 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program as...

2013-01-01

215

7 CFR 58.147 - Insect and rodent control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.147...and Operating Procedures § 58.147 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program....

2013-01-01

216

7 CFR 58.147 - Insect and rodent control program.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Insect and rodent control program. 58.147...and Operating Procedures § 58.147 Insect and rodent control program. In addition...the performance of a regularly scheduled insect and rodent control program....

2014-01-01

217

Seasonal selectivity of Magellanic horned owl ( Bubo magellanicus ) on rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines prey selection by Magellanic horned owls (Bubo magellanicus) in an ecotonal steppe area of northwestern Argentine Patagonia, and analyzes morphological and behavioral traits of the owls’ main rodent prey. The owl’s diet was studied for two years, along with field estimates of rodent abundance. The frequency distribution of rodents was significantly different from that estimated from trapping,

Ana Trejo; Nadia Guthmann; Mariana Lozada

2005-01-01

218

Northwestern University New Researcher Checklist: Evanston Campus Rodent Users  

E-print Network

and Access to CCM Facilities Register for Facility Orientation and Hands-On Rodent Euthanasia o Contact the CCM Training Office to register for Facility Orientation and Hands-On Rodent Euthanasia training: 312-503-2758 o Facility Orientation and Hands-On Rodent Euthanasia are: Held on Tuesdays at 10:30am and Fridays

Contractor, Anis

219

NEOSPORA CANINUM DETECTED IN WILD RODENTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The role of rodents in the epidemiology of neosporosis was investigated by assaying brain tissue of wild mice and rats for Neospora caninum. Both mouse and rat brain tissue were extracted for total DNA, and subjected to two different N. caninum-specific nested PCR assays. A portion of brain tissue...

220

Embargoed African Rodents and Monkeypox Virus  

MedlinePLUS

... distribution, transport, or release into the environment, of prairie dogs and six specific genera of African rodents. The joint order was enacted as part of the public health response to the first reported outbreak of monkeypox in the United States. On November 4, 2003, ...

221

Object Recognition Memory and the Rodent Hippocampus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In rodents, the novel object recognition task (NOR) has become a benchmark task for assessing recognition memory. Yet, despite its widespread use, a consensus has not developed about which brain structures are important for task performance. We assessed both the anterograde and retrograde effects of hippocampal lesions on performance in the NOR…

Broadbent, Nicola J.; Gaskin, Stephane; Squire, Larry R.; Clark, Robert E.

2010-01-01

222

Too many rodent carcinogens: Mitogenesis increases mutagenesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A clarification of the mechanism of carcinogenesis is developing at a rapid rate. This new understanding undermines many assumptions of current regulatory policy toward rodent carcinogens and necessitates rethinking the utility and meaning of routine animal cancer tests. At a recent watershed meeting on carcinogenesis, much evidence was presented suggesting that mitogenesis plays a dominant role in carcinogenesis. Our own

B. N. Ames; L. S. Gold

1990-01-01

223

Climate, Deer, Rodents, and Acorns as Determinants  

E-print Network

Climate, Deer, Rodents, and Acorns as Determinants of Variation in Lyme-Disease Risk Richard S the determinants of Lyme-disease risk (density and Borrelia burgdorferi-infection prevalence of nymphal Ixodes Lyme disease (Dutchess County, New York). We used a model comparison approach to simultaneously test

224

INTERIOR VIEW OF LIVING ROOM. NOTE THE OPENING FOR AN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF LIVING ROOM. NOTE THE OPENING FOR AN AIR CONDITIONER ON THE FAR WALL AND THE SLIDING DOORS TO THE DINING ROOM ON THE LEFT. VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Two-Bedroom Single-Family Type 6, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

225

Novel Rodent Models for Macular Research  

PubMed Central

Background Many disabling human retinal disorders involve the central retina, particularly the macula. However, the commonly used rodent models in research, mouse and rat, do not possess a macula. The purpose of this study was to identify small laboratory rodents with a significant central region as potential new models for macular research. Methodology/Principal Findings Gerbillus perpallidus, Meriones unguiculatus and Phodopus campbelli, laboratory rodents less commonly used in retinal research, were subjected to confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO), fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) using standard equipment (Heidelberg Engineering HRA1 and Spectralis™) adapted to small rodent eyes. The existence of a visual streak-like pattern was assessed on the basis of vascular topography, retinal thickness, and the topography of retinal ganglion cells and cone photoreceptors. All three species examined showed evidence of a significant horizontal streak-like specialization. cSLO angiography and retinal wholemounts revealed that superficial retinal blood vessels typically ramify and narrow into a sparse capillary net at the border of the respective area located dorsal to the optic nerve. Similar to the macular region, there was an absence of larger blood vessels in the streak region. Furthermore, the thickness of the photoreceptor layer and the population density of neurons in the ganglion cell layer were markedly increased in the visual streak region. Conclusions/Significance The retinal specializations of Gerbillus perpallidus, Meriones unguiculatus and Phodopus campbelli resemble features of the primate macula. Hence, the rodents reported here may serve to study aspects of macular development and diseases like age-related macular degeneration and diabetic macular edema, and the preclinical assessment of therapeutic strategies. PMID:20976212

Huber, Gesine; Heynen, Severin; Imsand, Coni; vom Hagen, Franziska; Muehlfriedel, Regine; Tanimoto, Naoyuki; Feng, Yuxi; Hammes, Hans-Peter; Grimm, Christian; Peichl, Leo; Seeliger, Mathias W.; Beck, Susanne C.

2010-01-01

226

27. Photocopy of engraving, (from Gleason's Pictorial DrawingRoom Companion, Boston, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. Photocopy of engraving, (from Gleason's Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion, Boston, p., 1854) Photographer unknown, Date unknown EXTERIOR, GENERAL VIEW OF FRONT - U.S. Customs House, 200 East Bay Street, Charleston, Charleston County, SC

227

4. FIRSTFLOOR SHOWER/LOCKER ROOM. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. Rocky Mountain ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. FIRST-FLOOR SHOWER/LOCKER ROOM. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Administration-Laboratory- Change House-Bomb Rail, 420 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 530 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

228

75. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

75. BUILDING NO. 555, AIR DRY HOUSE FOR DOUBLE BASE RIFLE AND CANNON POWDERS, INTERIOR OF DRYING ROOM NO. 2, SHOWING COPPER EXHAUST VENT DUCT IN CORNER, HOT AIR INLET VENT IN CEILING. TWO TYPICAL DRYING RACKS LEANING AGAINST WALL, BOTTOM SIDE SHOWING ON LEFT RACK, TOP SIDE ON RIGHT RACK. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

229

Molecular epidemiology of paramyxoviruses in Zambian wild rodents and shrews.  

PubMed

Rodents and shrews are known to harbour various viruses. Paramyxoviruses have been isolated from Asian and Australian rodents, but little is known about them in African rodents. Recently, previously unknown paramyxovirus sequences were found in South African rodents. To date, there have been no reports related to the presence and prevalence of paramyxoviruses in shrews. We found a high prevalence of paramyxoviruses in wild rodents and shrews from Zambia. Semi-nested reverse transcription-PCR assays were used to detect paramyxovirus RNA in 21 % (96/462) of specimens analysed. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that these viruses were novel paramyxoviruses and could be classified as morbillivirus- and henipavirus-related viruses, and previously identified rodent paramyxovirus-related viruses. Our findings suggest the circulation of previously unknown paramyxoviruses in African rodents and shrews, and provide new information regarding the geographical distribution and genetic diversity of paramyxoviruses. PMID:24189618

Sasaki, Michihito; Muleya, Walter; Ishii, Akihiro; Orba, Yasuko; Hang'ombe, Bernard M; Mweene, Aaron S; Moonga, Ladslav; Thomas, Yuka; Kimura, Takashi; Sawa, Hirofumi

2014-02-01

230

Public Housing, Housing Vouchers and Student Achievement: Evidence from Public Housing Demolitions in Chicago  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a substantial shift from public housing to voucher-based housing assistance over the past decade, largely in response to the rising cost of public housing and the high rates of crime, unemployment and school failure among public housing residents. Despite this shift, there is relatively little evidence on the impact of public housing or housing vouchers on educational

Brian A. Jacob

2003-01-01

231

NCI Grant Resources Room  

Cancer.gov

NCI Grant Resources Room Open:April 6 - April 8, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.April 9, 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Location: Room 10 Grant applications are at an all time high at NCI. At the NCI Grants Resource Room: Meet program and review staff from NCI and the

232

Field studies on dominant rodents and the efficacy of certain insecticides to their fleas in Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt.  

PubMed

A preliminary survey of domestic rodent and the efficacy of bendiocarb, diazinon and pirimiphos-methyl insecticides to their fleas were carried out in Dakahlia Governorates (Aga, Meet-Ghamr, El-Senbellawen, Temi El-Amded, Beni-Abed, Dekernes, Nabarow, Talkha, Menia El-Nasr and El-Kordy). Rodent index (number of rodent/trap) and percentage frequency of drodent species were recorded from October 2010 to May 2011. The main rodent species found were the Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus, the grey-bellied rat, R. rattus alexandrinus, the white-bellied rat, R. r. frugivorus and the house mouse, Mus musculus. The rodent index at Beni-Abed, Nabarow, Meet-Ghamr, Dekernes and El-Kordy centers showed 0.46, 0.39, 0.34, 0.33 & 0.33, respectively, while Menia El-Nasr center showed the lowest (0.08). Aga, Talkha, El-Senbellawen, and Temi El-Amded centers showed moderate (0.25, 0.21, 0.2 & 0.16, respectively). The commonest flea species was the oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, the mouse flea, Leptopsylla segnis, the dog flea, Ctenocephalides canis and the sticktight flea Echidnophaga gallinacea. The highest number of fleas was on R. norvegicus (Flea index=10.9) while lowest number was on Mus musculus (Flea index=0.1). X. cheopis was the highest frequency distributed for all domestic rodent species (60.9%), while, C. canis was the lowest (1.6%). The results showed that bendiocarb was effective (Lc50=0.389%) than diazinon (Lc50=1.039%) and pirimiphosmethyl (Lc50=2.056 %). PMID:21980770

Soliman, Mohamed Ismail; Mikhail, Micheal William

2011-08-01

233

A Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based analysis of modern South African rodent distributions, habitat use, and environmental tolerances  

PubMed Central

Goals of this study were to: (1) develop distributional maps of modern rodent genera throughout the countries of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland by georeferencing museum specimens; (2) assess habitat preferences for genera by cross-referencing locality position with South African vegetation; and (3) identify mean annual precipitation and temperature range where the genera are located. Conterminous South Africa including the countries of Lesotho and Swaziland Digital databases of rodent museum specimens housed in the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History, South Africa (DM), and the Division of Mammals, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, United States (NMNH), were acquired and then sorted into a subset of specimens with associated coordinate data. The coordinate data were then used to develop distributional maps for the rodent genera present within the study area. Percent habitat occupation and descriptive statistics for six climatic variables were then determined for each genus by cross-referencing locality positions with vegetation and climatic maps. This report presents a series of maps illustrating the distribution of 35 rodent genera based on 19,471 geo-referenced specimens obtained from two major collections. Inferred habitat use by taxon is provided for both locality and specimen percent occurrence at three hierarchical habitat levels: biome, bioregion, and vegetation unit. Descriptive statistics for six climatic variables are also provided for each genus based on locality and specimen percent incidence. As rodent faunas are commonly used in paleoenvironmental reconstructions, an accurate assessment of rodent environmental tolerance ranges is necessary before confidence can be placed in an actualistic model. While the data presented here represent only a subset of the modern geographic distributions for many of the taxa examined, a wide range of environmental regimes are observed, suggesting that more research is necessary in order to accurately reconstruct an environmental signature when these taxa are found in the fossil record. PMID:23170221

Campbell, Timothy L; Lewis, Patrick J; Thies, Monte L; Williams, Justin K

2012-01-01

234

13. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM NO. 1 IN OPPOSITE VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM NO. 1 IN OPPOSITE VIEW FROM 145-6-A-12 SHOWING TILED HEATER CORNER WITH WING-WALL AND REMNANTS OF ROOM DIVIDER WALL. DOOR TO BEDROOM NO. 3 AND DOOR TO ALTERNATIVE MAIN FRONT ENTRYWAY ARE VISIBLE ABOVE WING-WALL AT LEFT PHOTO CENTER. DOORWAY TO KITCHEN NO. 2 IS VISIBLE AT OPPOSITE CORNER OF THE ROOM AT RIGHT PHOTO CENTER. VIEW TO NORTHWEST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 6, Cashbaugh-Kilpatrick House, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

235

Factors explaining the abundance of rodents in the city of Luang Prabang, Lao PDR, as revealed by field and household surveys.  

PubMed

A field and a household survey, the latter of which included inspections and interviews with the residents of a total of 1370 properties, were conducted in 2004 in 30 villages of the city of Luang Prabang, Lao PDR, in order to assess the degree of rodent infestation and to identify potential factors influencing infestations. Roof rats, Rattus rattus, and the Polynesian rat, Rattus exulans, were the only rodents found in the city, and trapping results showed a clear dominance of roof rats (80-90% of all individuals). Measurements of rodent activity using tracking patches correlated positively with the trapping data, and revealed a significantly higher degree of rat infestation during the rainy season (September) than during the dry season (November). If households in the vicinity of the sampling locations were considered, villagers' accounts of indoor rodent infestations recorded during the household survey correlated positively with measurements of rodent activity. At least every second household reported indoor infestations. Using explorative statistical analyses (classification trees, factor analysis) we checked the predictive or explanatory value of up to 28 variables assessed during household inspections for villagers' observations on rodent infestation as the dependent variable. Trophic factors such as exposed food (indoors) and garbage (outdoors), and structural features such as open ceilings (indoors) and rat harborage in gardens (outdoors) ranked highest as explanatory variables. Assessment of a small sample of roof rat droppings collected inside houses revealed the presence of the potential disease agents Salmonella javiana, Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia duodenalis and the parasitic nematode Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica). These results underline the need for an appropriate rodent management strategy for the city, whereby simple sanitation and rodent-proofing measures could be cheap means of reducing rat infestation rates. PMID:21396046

Promkerd, Prasartthong; Khoprasert, Yuvaluk; Virathavone, Phongthep; Thoummabouth, Manivone; Sirisak, Ouane; Jäkel, Thomas

2008-03-01

236

Rodent models of TDP-43: Recent advances  

PubMed Central

Recently, missense mutations in the gene TARDBP encoding TDP-43 have been linked to familial ALS. The discovery of genes encoding these RNA binding proteins, such as TDP-43 and FUS/TLS, raised the notion that altered RNA metabolism is a major factor underlying the pathogenesis of ALS. To begin to unravel how mutations in TDP-43 cause dysfunction and death of motor neurons, investigators have employed both gain- and loss-of-function studies in rodent model systems. Here, we will summarize major findings from the initial sets of TDP-43 transgenic and knockout rodent models, identify their limitations, and point to future directions toward clarification of disease mechanism(s) and testing of therapeutic strategies that ultimately may lead to novel therapy for this devastating disease. PMID:22608070

Tsao, William; Jeong, Yun Ha; Lin, Sophie; Ling, Jonathan; Price, Donald L.; Chiang, Po-Min; Wong, Philip C.

2013-01-01

237

Evidence that Rodents Are a Reservoir of Hepatitis E Virus for Humans in Nepal  

PubMed Central

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an important cause of enterically transmitted hepatitis in developing countries. Sporadic autochthonous cases of hepatitis E have been reported recently in the United States and other industrialized countries. The source of HEV infection in these cases is unknown; zoonotic transmission has been suggested. Antibodies to HEV have been detected in many animals in areas where HEV is endemic and in domestic swine and rats in the United States. There is evidence supporting HEV transmission between swine and humans. Nevertheless, HEV has not been detected in wild rodents. We tested murid rodents and house shrews trapped in Nepal's Kathmandu Valley, where hepatitis E is hyperendemic, for HEV infection. The most commonly trapped species was Rattus rattus brunneusculus. Serum samples from 675 animals were tested for immunoglobulin G against HEV by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; 78 (12%) were positive, indicating acute or past infection. Antibody prevalence was higher among R. rattus brunneusculus and Bandicota bengalensis than in Suncus murinus. Forty-four specimens from 78 antibody-positive animals had sufficient residual volume for detection of HEV RNA (viremia) by reverse transcription-PCR. PCR amplification detected four animals (9%; three were R. rattus brunneusculus and one was B. bengalensis) with viremia. Phylogenetic analysis of the four genome sequences (405 bp in the capsid gene) recovered showed that they were identical, most closely related to two human isolates from Nepal (95 and 96% nucleotide homology, respectively), and distinct from HEV sequences isolated elsewhere. These data prove that certain peridomestic rodents acquire HEV in the wild and suggest that cross-species transmission occurs, with rodents serving as a virus reservoir for humans. PMID:12454141

He, Junkun; Innis, Bruce L.; Shrestha, Mrigendra P.; Clayson, Edward T.; Scott, Robert M.; Linthicum, Kenneth J.; Musser, Guy G.; Gigliotti, Scott C.; Binn, Leonard N.; Kuschner, Robert A.; Vaughn, David W.

2002-01-01

238

GROUP STUDY ROOMS GROUP STUDY ROOMS  

E-print Network

STAIRS TO LEVEL 1 STAIRS TO IEI AND LEVEL 4 STAIRS TO LEVEL 1 ENTRY AND WOLFLINE STOP STAIRS TO LEVEL 3 LIBRARY ENTRANCE STAIRS TO LEVEL 3 LAWRENCE & ELLA APPLE TECHNOLOGY SHOWCASE QUIET READING ROOM IDEA STOPPA R T N E R S W AY VISITOR PARKING STAIRS TO LEVEL AND LIBRARY ENTRANCE STAIRS TO EAST ENTRY book

Young, R. Michael

239

Fairbanks House Historical Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an inner ring suburb of Boston there sits a home that is over 350 years old. The home was constructed in 1640 in Dedham, and it is considered the oldest timber frame house identified in North America. Visitors to the Boston region area shouldn't miss it, however those who are unable to visit can learn more about this remarkable domicile on this website. Visitors will find plenty of interesting information in the sections titled "The House", "History", and "The Family". In "The House" section, visitors can learn about the houses' unusual history, and view a slideshow of images of the exterior and the interior. Moving over to "History", visitors will find period photographs and documents that provide insightful stories into the house's past inhabitants. Finally, the site also has a fine archaeological blog which talks about the various work that has been done on the house and the grounds.

240

White House Science Fair Emphasizes Importance of STEM Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"I have a confession to make," U.S. president Barack Obama told the audience of young inventors and their mentors at a 27 May White House Science Fair ceremony in the East Room of the White House. "When I was growing up, my science fair projects were not as successful as the ones here." Recalling that during one of his experiments, "a bunch of mice escaped in my grandmother's apartment," Obama joked, "These experiments did not take me straight to the White House."

Showstack, Randy

2014-06-01

241

INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM AND ENCLOSED REAR LANAI, WITH KITCHEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM AND ENCLOSED REAR LANAI, WITH KITCHEN DOOR TO RIGHT. VIEW FACING EAST-NORTHEAST. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Makalapa, Senior Officers' Quarters Type A, 37 Makalapa Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

242

North wall, central part, showing doors to compressor room at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

North wall, central part, showing doors to compressor room at left and plant switch house at right (series 1 of 4) - Bureau of Mines Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Original Building, Date Street north of U.S. Highway 93, Boulder City, Clark County, NV

243

DINING ROOM SHOWING DOOR TO LANAI AND PASS THRU TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DINING ROOM SHOWING DOOR TO LANAI AND PASS THRU TO KITCHEN (RIGHT). VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 7, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

244

KITCHEN SHOWING THE PASS THRU TO DINING ROOM. NOTE THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

KITCHEN SHOWING THE PASS THRU TO DINING ROOM. NOTE THE CANEC PANEL CEILING. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 7, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

245

VIEW OF DINING ROOM ENTRY (VIA CARPORT), SHOWING VINYL SIDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF DINING ROOM ENTRY (VIA CARPORT), SHOWING VINYL SIDING AND PANELING THAT HAS BEEN APPLIED. VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 9, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

246

DINING ROOM. NOTE THE RECESSED PULLS ON THE SLIDING DOORS. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DINING ROOM. NOTE THE RECESSED PULLS ON THE SLIDING DOORS. VIEW FACING EAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Two-Bedroom Single-Family Type 6, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

247

KITCHEN. NOTE THE DINING ROOM DOOR TO THE CARPORT IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

KITCHEN. NOTE THE DINING ROOM DOOR TO THE CARPORT IN THE BACKGROUND. VIEW FACING EAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Two-Bedroom Single-Family Type 6, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

248

DINING ROOM DOOR TO THE CARPORT. VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DINING ROOM DOOR TO THE CARPORT. VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Two-Bedroom Single-Family Type 6, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

249

UTILITY ROOM SHOWING THE JALOUSIE PANEL REAR DOOR. VIEW FACING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

UTILITY ROOM SHOWING THE JALOUSIE PANEL REAR DOOR. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Two-Bedroom Single-Family Type 6, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

250

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM SHOWING THE FLOOR TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIVING ROOM SHOWING THE FLOOR TO CEILING WINDOWS. NOTE THE OPENING IN THE RIGHT SIDE WALL FOR AN AIR CONDITIONER. VIEW FACING SOUTHWEST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Three-Bedroom Duplex Type 3, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

251

INTERIOR VIEW OF DEBITEUSE ROOM. MONORAIL USED TO MOVE DEBIS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF DEBITEUSE ROOM. MONORAIL USED TO MOVE DEBIS IS FROM ORIGINAL CLAY HOUSE. VIEW SHOWS WORKER USING AIR HAMMER TO BEGIN FINISH ON DEBI. - Chambers-McKee Window Glass Company, Debiteuse, Clay Avenue Extension, Jeannette, Westmoreland County, PA

252

KITCHEN SHOWING THE PASSTHROUGH TO THE DINING ROOM. VIEW FACING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

KITCHEN SHOWING THE PASS-THROUGH TO THE DINING ROOM. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Two-Bedroom Duplex Type 1, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

253

KITCHEN. NOTE THE DINING ROOM WINDOW TO CARPORT IN BACKGROUND. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

KITCHEN. NOTE THE DINING ROOM WINDOW TO CARPORT IN BACKGROUND. VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Three-Bedroom Duplex Type 3, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

254

DINING ROOM SHOWING THE PASSTHROUGH TO THE KITCHEN. VIEW FACING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DINING ROOM SHOWING THE PASS-THROUGH TO THE KITCHEN. VIEW FACING WEST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Three-Bedroom Duplex Type 2, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

255

LIVING ROOM VIEW LOOKING TOWARD THE FOYER SHOWING THE WINDOWS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LIVING ROOM VIEW LOOKING TOWARD THE FOYER SHOWING THE WINDOWS TO THE CARPORT. VIEW FACING SOUTH - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Three-Bedroom Duplex Type 2, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

256

DINING ROOM. NOTE THE WINDOW TO THE CARPORT AT THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DINING ROOM. NOTE THE WINDOW TO THE CARPORT AT THE REAR WALL AND SLIDING DOORS IN LEFT FOREGROUND. VIEW FACING EAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, U-Shaped Three-Bedroom Duplex Type 3, Acacia Road, Birch Circle, and Cedar Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

257

VIEW THROUGH DECORATIVE GRILLE OF LIVING ROOM, WITH SLIDING DOORS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW THROUGH DECORATIVE GRILLE OF LIVING ROOM, WITH SLIDING DOORS ON THE LEFT HAND SIDE. VIEW FACING NORTH - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 9, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

258

INTERIOR VIEW OF TANK CHARGING ROOM ON LEVEL 4; NOTE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF TANK CHARGING ROOM ON LEVEL 4; NOTE HERRINGBONE-PATTERNED BRICK FLOOR; TIMBER SUBSTRUCTURE CARRIED CRANE USED TO REMOVE HEAVY TANK COVERS; WINDOWS IN ROOFTOP MONITOR PROVIDED AMPLE NATURAL LIGHT - Rath Packing Company, Inedible Tank House, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

259

INTERIOR OF KITCHEN, LOOKING TOWARD LAUNDRY AND SERVICE ROOM. VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR OF KITCHEN, LOOKING TOWARD LAUNDRY AND SERVICE ROOM. VIEW FACING EAST. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Hospital Point, Quarters for Officer in Charge of Radio Station, 1 Ford Island Way, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

260

INTERIOR OF WINDOWED LIVING ROOM WALL, LOOKING TOWARD THE FRONT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR OF WINDOWED LIVING ROOM WALL, LOOKING TOWARD THE FRONT ENTRY. VIEW FACING WEST. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Hospital Point, Quarters for Officer in Charge of Radio Station, 1 Ford Island Way, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

261

14. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM NO. 1 SHOWING DOORWAY TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM NO. 1 SHOWING DOORWAY TO KITCHEN NO. 2 AND 6-LIGHT OVER 6-LIGHT, DOUBLE-HUNG WINDOWS ALONG BACK (NORTH) WALL. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 6, Cashbaugh-Kilpatrick House, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

262

46. INTERIOR VIEW, MUSIC ROOM LOCATED AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

46. INTERIOR VIEW, MUSIC ROOM LOCATED AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF THE HOUSE ON THE FIRST FLOOR, LOOKING TO THE FIREPLACE IN THE EAST WALL (DUPLICATE OF HABS No. AL-424-32) - Arlington Place, 331 Cotton Avenue, Southwest, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

263

Detail of women's toilet room in the Cannery, note the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Detail of women's toilet room in the Cannery, note the single-panel doors and tongue-and-groove partitions view facing northwest - Kahului Cannery, Plant No. 28, Cannery Building and Dryer House/Feed Storage Building, 120 Kane Street, Kahului, Maui County, HI

264

Interior of processing room. Scale is in front of windows ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior of processing room. Scale is in front of windows for weighing shuckers' buckets of oyster meat. Blow tank for thoroughly cleaning the oyster meat and two skimming tables for rinsing and draining can also be seen. - J.C. Lore Oyster House, 14430 Solomons Island Road, Solomons, Calvert County, MD

265

Neurogenetics of Aggressive Behavior – Studies in Rodents  

PubMed Central

Aggressive behavior is observed in many animal species, such as insects, fish, lizards, frogs, and most mammals including humans. This wide range of conservation underscores the importance of aggressive behavior in the animals’ survival and fitness, and the likely heritability of this behavior. Although typical patterns of aggressive behavior differ between species, there are several concordances in the neurobiology of aggression among rodents, primates, and humans. Studies with rodent models may eventually help us to understand the neurogenetic architecture of aggression in humans. However, it is important to recognize the difference between the ecological and ethological significance of aggressive behavior (species-typical aggression) and maladaptive violence (escalated aggression) when applying the findings of aggression research using animal models to human or veterinary medicine. Well-studied rodent models for aggressive behavior in the laboratory setting include the mouse (Mus musculus), rat (Rattus norvegicus), hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), and prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster). The neural circuits of rodent aggression have been gradually elucidated by several techniques e.g. immunohistochemistry of immediate-early gene (c-Fos) expression, intracranial drug microinjection, in vivo microdialysis, and optogenetics techniques. Also, evidence accumulated from the analysis of gene-knockout mice shows the involvement of several genes in aggression. Here we review the brain circuits that have been implicated in aggression, such as the hypothalamus, prefrontal cortex (PFC), dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), nucleus accumbens (NAc), and olfactory system. We then discuss the roles of glutamate and ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA), major inhibitory and excitatory amino acids in the brain, as well as their receptors, in controlling aggressive behavior, focusing mainly on recent findings. At the end of this chapter, we discuss how genes can be identified that underlie individual differences in aggression, using the so-called forward genetics approach. PMID:24318936

Takahashi, Aki; Miczek, Klaus A.

2014-01-01

266

Evidence for Novel Hepaciviruses in Rodents  

PubMed Central

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is among the most relevant causes of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Research is complicated by a lack of accessible small animal models. The systematic investigation of viruses of small mammals could guide efforts to establish such models, while providing insight into viral evolutionary biology. We have assembled the so-far largest collection of small-mammal samples from around the world, qualified to be screened for bloodborne viruses, including sera and organs from 4,770 rodents (41 species); and sera from 2,939 bats (51 species). Three highly divergent rodent hepacivirus clades were detected in 27 (1.8%) of 1,465 European bank voles (Myodes glareolus) and 10 (1.9%) of 518 South African four-striped mice (Rhabdomys pumilio). Bats showed anti-HCV immunoblot reactivities but no virus detection, although the genetic relatedness suggested by the serologic results should have enabled RNA detection using the broadly reactive PCR assays developed for this study. 210 horses and 858 cats and dogs were tested, yielding further horse-associated hepaciviruses but none in dogs or cats. The rodent viruses were equidistant to HCV, exceeding by far the diversity of HCV and the canine/equine hepaciviruses taken together. Five full genomes were sequenced, representing all viral lineages. Salient genome features and distance criteria supported classification of all viruses as hepaciviruses. Quantitative RT-PCR, RNA in-situ hybridisation, and histopathology suggested hepatic tropism with liver inflammation resembling hepatitis C. Recombinant serology for two distinct hepacivirus lineages in 97 bank voles identified seroprevalence rates of 8.3 and 12.4%, respectively. Antibodies in bank vole sera neither cross-reacted with HCV, nor the heterologous bank vole hepacivirus. Co-occurrence of RNA and antibodies was found in 3 of 57 PCR-positive bank vole sera (5.3%). Our data enable new hypotheses regarding HCV evolution and encourage efforts to develop rodent surrogate models for HCV. PMID:23818848

Drexler, Jan Felix; Corman, Victor Max; Müller, Marcel Alexander; Lukashev, Alexander N.; Gmyl, Anatoly; Coutard, Bruno; Adam, Alexander; Ritz, Daniel; Leijten, Lonneke M.; van Riel, Debby; Kallies, Rene; Klose, Stefan M.; Gloza-Rausch, Florian; Binger, Tabea; Annan, Augustina; Adu-Sarkodie, Yaw; Oppong, Samuel; Bourgarel, Mathieu; Rupp, Daniel; Hoffmann, Bernd; Schlegel, Mathias; Kümmerer, Beate M.; Krüger, Detlev H.; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas; Setién, Alvaro Aguilar; Cottontail, Veronika M.; Hemachudha, Thiravat; Wacharapluesadee, Supaporn; Osterrieder, Klaus; Bartenschlager, Ralf; Matthee, Sonja; Beer, Martin; Kuiken, Thijs; Reusken, Chantal; Leroy, Eric M.; Ulrich, Rainer G.; Drosten, Christian

2013-01-01

267

Rodent evolution: back to the root.  

PubMed

Some 70 Ma, rodents arose along a branch of our own mammalian lineage. Today, about 40% of all mammalian species are rodents and are found in vast numbers on almost every continent. Not only is their proliferation extensive but also the rates of DNA evolution vary significantly among lineages, which has hindered attempts to reconstruct, especially the root of, their evolutionary history. The presence or absence of rare genomic changes, such as short interspersed elements (SINEs), are, however, independent of high molecular substitution rates and provide a powerful, virtually homoplasy-free source for solving such phylogenetic problems. We screened 12 Gb of rodent genomic information using whole-genome three-way alignments, multiple lineage-specific sequences, high-throughput polymerase chain reaction amplifications, and sequencing to reveal 65 phylogenetically informative SINE insertions dispersed over 23 rodent phylogenetic nodes. Eight SINEs and six indels provide significant support for an early association of the Mouse-related and Ctenohystrica (guinea pig and relatives) clades, the Squirrel-related clade being the sister group. This early speciation scenario was also evident in the genomewide distribution pattern of B1-related retroposons, as mouse and guinea pig genomes share six such retroposon subfamilies, containing hundreds of thousands of elements that are clearly absent in the ground squirrel genome. Interestingly, however, two SINE insertions and one diagnostic indel support an association of Ctenohystrica with the Squirrel-related clade. Lineage sorting or a more complex evolutionary scenario that includes an early divergence of the Squirrel-related ancestor and a subsequent hybridization of the latter and the Ctenohystrica lineage best explains such apparently contradictory insertions. PMID:20100942

Churakov, Gennady; Sadasivuni, Manoj K; Rosenbloom, Kate R; Huchon, Dorothée; Brosius, Jürgen; Schmitz, Jürgen

2010-06-01

268

Neurogenetics of aggressive behavior: studies in rodents.  

PubMed

Aggressive behavior is observed in many animal species, such as insects, fish, lizards, frogs, and most mammals including humans. This wide range of conservation underscores the importance of aggressive behavior in the animals' survival and fitness, and the likely heritability of this behavior. Although typical patterns of aggressive behavior differ between species, there are several concordances in the neurobiology of aggression among rodents, primates, and humans. Studies with rodent models may eventually help us to understand the neurogenetic architecture of aggression in humans. However, it is important to recognize the difference between the ecological and ethological significance of aggressive behavior (species-typical aggression) and maladaptive violence (escalated aggression) when applying the findings of aggression research using animal models to human or veterinary medicine. Well-studied rodent models for aggressive behavior in the laboratory setting include the mouse (Mus musculus), rat (Rattus norvegicus), hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), and prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster). The neural circuits of rodent aggression have been gradually elucidated by several techniques, e.g., immunohistochemistry of immediate-early gene (c-Fos) expression, intracranial drug microinjection, in vivo microdialysis, and optogenetics techniques. Also, evidence accumulated from the analysis of gene-knockout mice shows the involvement of several genes in aggression. Here, we review the brain circuits that have been implicated in aggression, such as the hypothalamus, prefrontal cortex (PFC), dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), nucleus accumbens (NAc), and olfactory system. We then discuss the roles of glutamate and ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA), excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in the brain, as well as their receptors, in controlling aggressive behavior, focusing mainly on recent findings. At the end of this chapter, we discuss how genes can be identified that underlie individual differences in aggression, using the so-called forward genetics approach. PMID:24318936

Takahashi, Aki; Miczek, Klaus A

2014-01-01

269

NASA Tech House  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Technology Utilization House, called Tech House, was designed and constructed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, to demonstrate new technology that is available or will be available in the next several years and how the application of aerospace technology could help advance the homebuilding industry. Solar energy use, energy and water conservation, safety, security, and cost were major considerations in adapting the aerospace technology to the construction of Tech House.

1977-01-01

270

Pesticide loadings of select organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides in urban public housing.  

EPA Science Inventory

We investigated the magnitude and distribution of pyrethroid and organophosphate pesticide loadings within public housing dwellings in Boston, Massachusetts and compared the results using various sampling methods. We collected dust matrices from living room and kitchen in 42 apar...

271

Neuregulin 1: a prime candidate for research into gene-environment interactions in schizophrenia? Insights from genetic rodent models  

PubMed Central

Schizophrenia is a multi-factorial disease characterized by a high heritability and environmental risk factors. In recent years, an increasing number of researchers worldwide have started investigating the “two-hit hypothesis” of schizophrenia predicting that genetic and environmental risk factors (GxE) interactively cause the development of the disorder. This work is starting to produce valuable new animal models and reveal novel insights into the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. This mini review will focus on recent advancements in the field made by challenging mutant and transgenic rodent models for the schizophrenia candidate gene neuregulin 1 (NRG1) with particular environmental factors. It will outline results obtained from mouse and rat models for various Nrg1 isoforms/isoform types (e.g., transmembrane domain Nrg1, Type II Nrg1), which have been exposed to different forms of stress (acute versus chronic, restraint versus social) and housing conditions (standard laboratory versus minimally enriched housing). These studies suggest Nrg1 as a prime candidate for GxE interactions in schizophrenia rodent models and that the use of rodent models will enable a better understanding of GxE interactions and the underlying mechanisms. PMID:23966917

Karl, Tim

2013-01-01

272

University Housing and Dining Services Student Family Housing Rental Agreement  

E-print Network

University Housing and Dining Services Student Family Housing Rental Agreement Effective August 1 is for a space in University Housing and Dining Services (UHDS) Student Family Housing apartment complex at http://oregonstate.edu/admin/stucon/), Student Handbooks, and the University Housing and Dining

Escher, Christine

273

Rainbow in the Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity generates learner excitement about light through the creation of a room-sized rainbow. Learners also make their own "rainbow" drawings that incorporate the sequence of colors they observe. For a dramatic effect, set up rainbow projection while learners are out of the room. This activity guide includes background information and variation ideas.

2011-12-13

274

Clean room wiping liquids  

SciTech Connect

A water-based liquid containing isopropyl alcohol, ammonium hydroxide, and surfactants was developed to replace 1,1,2-trichlorotrifluoroethane for the dampening of clean room wiping cloths used to wipe clean benches, clean room equipment, and latex finger cots and gloves.

Harding, W.B.

1991-12-01

275

Room Policies Printing Options  

E-print Network

. Transfer: Transfer your file to your USB drive Click on "File Management" then choose your video to move the device you wish to have projecting onto the screen. "PC" refers to the computer workstation in the room a video camera mounted on the ceiling. It can be controlled entirely from the PC computer in the room

276

Diffusor application in rooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the application of diffusors in music production rooms, such as performance facilities, and music reproduction rooms, such as recording studios. In the former, diffusors help create an acoustic which enhances the sound heard by both musicians and audience, whereas in the latter diffusors are used to provide a more neutral critical listening environment. Diffusors are primarily intended

Peter D'Antonio; Trevor J Cox

2000-01-01

277

NCI Grant Resources Room  

Cancer.gov

NCI Grant Resources Room Open: TBD Location: TBD At the NCI Grants Resource Room you can: Meet program and review staff from NCI and the Center for Scientific Review Learn about new research initiatives at the NCI and the overall grant application process

278

Room Arrangement. Beginnings Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workshop articles address the importance of room arrangement in early childhood settings: "Creating Environments that Intrigue and Delight Children and Adults" (Wendy Shepherd and Jennifer Eaton); "3 Keys to Flexible Room Arrangement" (Elizabeth Prescott); "Mood: The Spirit of Place" (Anita Rui Olds); and "Meeting Adult Needs within the Classroom"…

Shepherd, Wendy; And Others

1997-01-01

279

Strengthening Weight Rooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines ways of giving an existing weight-training room new life without spending a lot of time and money. Tips include adding rubber floor coverings; using indirect lighting; adding windows, art work, or mirrors to open up the room; using more aesthetically pleasing ceiling tiles; upgrading ventilation; repadding or painting the equipment; and…

Sherman, Rachel M.

1997-01-01

280

Guidelines for Housing Multiple Species of Large Laboratory Animals Animals should not be housed with or near another species of animal that might compromise  

E-print Network

to different locations, etc. Cats Cats should be housed in separate rooms from all other species except ferrets. These two species have been found to do well in the same room provided a visual barrier is present to decrease possible anxiety. Cats can be transported with compatible species i.e., ferrets, equidae

Bandettini, Peter A.

281

Room air monitor for radioactive aerosols  

DOEpatents

A housing assembly for use with a room air monitor for simultaneous collection and counting of suspended particles includes a casing containing a combination detector-preamplifier system at one end, a filter system at the other end, and an air flow system consisting of an air inlet formed in the casing between the detector-preamplifier system and the filter system and an air passageway extending from the air inlet through the casing and out the end opposite the detector-preamplifier combination. The filter system collects suspended particles transported directly through the housing by means of the air flow system, and these particles are detected and examined for radioactivity by the detector-pre The U.S. Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC04-76DP03533 between the Department of Energy and Rockwell International Corporation.

Balmer, David K. (Broomfield, CO); Tyree, William H. (Boulder, CO)

1989-04-11

282

Room air monitor for radioactive aerosols  

DOEpatents

A housing assembly for use with a room air monitor for simultaneous collection and counting of suspended particles includes a casing containing a combination detector-preamplifier system at one end, a filter system at the other end, and an air flow system consisting of an air inlet formed in the casing between the detector-preamplifier system and the filter system and an air passageway extending from the air inlet through the casing and out the end opposite the detector-preamplifier combination. The filter system collects suspended particles transported directly through the housing by means of the air flow system, and these particles are detected and examined for radioactivity by the detector-preamplifier combination. 2 figs.

Balmer, D.K.; Tyree, W.H.

1987-03-23

283

Rodents and risk in the mekong delta of Vietnam: seroprevalence of selected zoonotic viruses in rodents and humans.  

PubMed

In the Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam, rats are commonly traded in wet markets and sold live for food consumption. We investigated seroprevalence to selected groups of rodent-borne viruses among human populations with high levels of animal exposure and among co-located rodent populations. The indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT) was used to determine seropositivity to representative reference strains of hantaviruses (Dobrava virus [DOBV], Seoul virus [SEOV]), cowpox virus, arenaviruses (lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus [LCMV]), flaviviruses (tick-borne encephalitis virus [TBEV]), and rodent parechoviruses (Ljungan virus), using sera from 245 humans living in Dong Thap Province and 275 rodents representing the five common rodent species sold in wet markets and present in peridomestic and farm settings. Combined seropositivity to DOBV and SEOV among the rodents and humans was 6.9% (19/275) and 3.7% (9/245), respectively; 1.1% (3/275) and 4.5% (11/245) to cowpox virus; 5.4% (15/275) and 47.3% (116/245) for TBEV; and exposure to Ljungan virus was 18.8% (46/245) in humans, but 0% in rodents. Very little seroreactivity was observed to LCMV in either rodents (1/275, 0.4%) or humans (2/245, 0.8%). Molecular screening of rodent liver tissues using consensus primers for flaviviruses did not yield any amplicons, whereas molecular screening of rodent lung tissues for hantavirus yielded one hantavirus sequence (SEOV). In summary, these results indicate low to moderate levels of endemic hantavirus circulation, possible circulation of a flavivirus in rodent reservoirs, and the first available data on human exposures to parechoviruses in Vietnam. Although the current evidence suggests only limited exposure of humans to known rodent-borne diseases, further research is warranted to assess public health implications of the rodent trade. PMID:25629782

Van Cuong, Nguyen; Carrique-Mas, Juan; Vo Be, Hien; An, Nguyen Ngoc; Tue, Ngo Tri; Anh, Nguyet Lam; Anh, Pham Hong; Phuc, Nguyen The; Baker, Stephen; Voutilainen, Liina; Jääskeläinen, Anne; Huhtamo, Eili; Utriainen, Mira; Sironen, Tarja; Vaheri, Antti; Henttonen, Heikki; Vapalahti, Olli; Chaval, Yannick; Morand, Serge; Bryant, Juliet E

2015-01-01

284

The Impact of Triple Room Assignment on Students at Rutgers and Douglass Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of overassignment (three students living in a room usually assigned to two) on students at Rutgers and Douglass Colleges are examined in a study of differences between students housed in two- and three-person rooms for the semester. The dependent measures were perception of the university environment, academic performance, physical…

Semaj, Leahcim

285

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2011-01-01

286

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2013-01-01

287

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2012-01-01

288

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2014-01-01

289

Birthing Rooms in Canada  

PubMed Central

Birthing rooms are part of a trend to family-centred maternity care in hospitals. The room is decorated in a homelike fashion, and is a place where a family can labor, deliver and spend uninterrupted time together following birth. It also offers more privacy than traditional labor and delivery areas. Because birthing room programs are relatively new, the Canadian Institute of Child Health conducted a survey to determine how they began and how they are operated in Canadian hospitals. Forty-six hospitals were surveyed, of which 23 indicated they had a birthing room program. This article discusses the planning and cost of implementing the programs, physical aspects of the rooms, patients' eligibility to use them, indications for transferring patients to the delivery room, staffing, family participation, problems and benefits. While the programs increased patient satisfaction, most organized birthing rooms are used by a small segment of the population and are directed only at those families considered to be at low risk. PMID:21279125

Hanvey, Louise

1984-01-01

290

Housing in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

INDES provides training programmes for public officials in Latin America and the Caribbean .Its current courses currently emphasize strategies for poverty reduction and the provision of social services, particularly education and health. INDES is considering extending its programme to include discussion of a current orphan of social policy, housing and shelter. This poses three questions. First, why is housing deserving

Alan Gilbert

2001-01-01

291

Housing and Residential Life  

E-print Network

with University policy. The Department of Housing and Residential Life will strive to educate our students outside! The Housing & Residential Life staff is excited that you've moved home! Florida Atlantic University residence of Rights Rules and Regulations Safety & Preparedness University Property STUDENT LIFE RESOURCES Department

Fernandez, Eduardo

292

Housing System Financial Statements  

E-print Network

through comprehension and strategic planning for the future. Operating revenues for the Housing Department had the ability to attend some professional development events. The Department purchased furniture associated with the Housing operations. In prior fiscal years, the University reported the liability for its

Fernandez, Eduardo

293

Multiple pump housing  

DOEpatents

A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott; Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

2010-03-23

294

A Functional Housing Market  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

295

Ndebele Inspired Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The house paintings of the South African Ndebele people are more than just an attempt to improve the aesthetics of a community; they are a source of identity and significance for Ndebele women. In this article, the author describes an art project wherein students use the tradition of Ndebele house painting as inspiration for creating their own…

Rice, Nicole

2012-01-01

296

EFFECTS ON BEHAVIOR DURING GESTATION AND FARROWING OF HOUSING GILTS IN GESTATION STALLS OR SMALL GROUPS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The effects on behavior during gestation and around farrowing of housing gilts for one parity in individual stalls (n=14; 2.21 m x 0.61 m) or groups of four with individual feeding stalls (n=8; 3.9 m x 2.4 m) were evaluated. The two housing treatments were contained in a single room. Pregnant gilt...

297

Central room (delivery room on plan) between the east and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Central room (delivery room on plan) between the east and west reading rooms, showing built-in card catalog drawers. View to south. - Sacramento Junior College, Library, 3835 Freeport Boulevard, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

298

14. Interior. Balance room for chemistry laboratory. Storage room for ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Interior. Balance room for chemistry laboratory. Storage room for glassware and reference room with frequently used chemistry and chemical engineering texts. - Thomas A. Edison Laboratories, Building No. 2, West Orange, Essex County, NJ

299

8. Interior. Balance room for chemistry laboratory. Storage room for ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Interior. Balance room for chemistry laboratory. Storage room for glassware and reference room with frequently used chemistry and chemical engineering texts. - Thomas A. Edison Laboratories, Building No. 2, West Orange, Essex County, NJ

300

Diversity of the rodent communities in the Turan Desert region.  

PubMed

We assessed the diversity of rodent communities in the deserts of Russia, Kazakhstan, and Central Asia using geographic information system technology. There are 66 species of rodents, belonging to eight faunistic complexes, inhabiting this area. We discuss the geographical changes occurring in taxonomic and zoogeographic diversity at both species and community levels. Communities of gerbils and jerboas dominate in the Turan Desert region (66% of the area). Steppe communities of susliks penetrate the deserts from the north. Farming in deserts causes the replacement of native rodent communities with mouse communities or completely eradicates rodents in their main habitats. PMID:21396008

Neronov, Valery M; Khlyap, Ludmila A; Warshavsky, Andrey A

2006-12-01

301

Distribution and Room Air Mixing Risks to Retrofitted Homes  

SciTech Connect

?Energy efficiency upgrades reduce heating and cooling loads on a house. With enough load reduction and if the HVAC system warrants replacement, the HVAC system is often upgraded with a more efficient, lower capacity system that meets the loads of the upgraded house. For a single-story house with ceiling supply air diffusers, ducts are often removed and upgraded. For houses with ducts that are embedded in walls, the cost of demolition precludes the replacement of ducts. The challenge with the use of existing ducts is that the reduced airflow creates a decreased throw at the supply registers, and the supply air and room air do not mix well, leading to potential thermal comfort complaints. This project investigates this retrofit scenario. The issues and solutions discussed here are relevant to all climate zones, with emphasis on climates that require cooling.

Burdick, A.

2014-12-01

302

35. INTERIOR VIEW OF EQUIPMENT HOUSE, SUBMARINE ESCAPE TRAINING TANK, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. INTERIOR VIEW OF EQUIPMENT HOUSE, SUBMARINE ESCAPE TRAINING TANK, PRIOR TO ENLARGEMENT OF ROOM AND INSTALLATION OF TRIPLE-LOCK RECOMPRESSION CHAMBER IN 1957 - U.S. Naval Submarine Base, New London Submarine Escape Training Tank, Albacore & Darter Roads, Groton, New London County, CT

303

Europe's Housing Squeeze Puts Students in Tight Spots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affordable housing is an elusive commodity for students in Paris and much of the rest of Europe. Many European universities are in cities where property values have soared in recent years--along with higher-education enrollment figures and the number of students vying for rooms. Few of the universities have dormitories, and students are left…

Labi, Aisha

2008-01-01

304

32. INTERIOR BOILER HOUSE Above the two furnaces, one ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. INTERIOR - BOILER HOUSE Above the two furnaces, one of the boilers can be seen to the upper left. The large pipes in the foreground are all that remain of the distribution system. Most of the pipe and tubing have been stripped from the room and sold for scrap. - Hovden Cannery, 886 Cannery Row, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

305

Susceptibility of laboratory rodents to Trichinella papuae.  

PubMed

Members of the genus Trichinella are small nematodes that can infect a wide range of animal hosts. However, their infectivity varies depending on the parasite and host species combination. In this study, we examined the susceptibility of 4 species of laboratory rodents, i.e., mice, rats, hamsters, and gerbils to Trichinella papuae, an emerging non-encapsulated Trichinella species. Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella pseudospiralis were also included in this study for comparison. Fifteen animals of each rodent species were infected orally with 100 muscle larvae of each Trichinella species. Intestinal worm burden was determined at day 6 and 10 post-inoculation (PI). The numbers of muscle larvae were examined at day 45 PI. The reproductive capacity index (RCI) of the 3 Trichinella species in different rodent hosts was determined. By day 6 PI, 33.2-69.6% of the inoculated larvae of the 3 Trichinella species became adult worms in the small intestines of the host animals. However, in rats, more than 96% of adult worms of all 3 Trichinella species were expelled from the gut by day 10 PI. In gerbils, only 4.8-18.1% of adult worms were expelled by day 10 PI. In accordance with the intestinal worm burden and the persistence of adults, the RCI was the highest in gerbils with values of 241.5±41.0 for T. papuae, 432.6±48 for T. pseudospiralis, and 528.6±20.6 for T. spiralis. Hamsters ranked second and mice ranked third in susceptibility in terms of the RCI, Rats yielded the lowest parasite RCI for all 3 Trichinella species. Gerbils may be an alternative laboratory animal for isolation and maintenance of Trichinella spp. PMID:24516265

Sadaow, Lakkhana; Intapan, Pewpan M; Boonmars, Thidarut; Morakote, Nimit; Maleewong, Wanchai

2013-12-01

306

Family Housing Assignment Cancellation Policies Family Housing is currently comprised of over 577 apartments in 5 complexes. All  

E-print Network

/dryer. Each complex is equipped with coin- operated washers and dryers conveniently located in laundry rooms. 4. Tenants are responsible for phone, and electrical usage (except Valley Crest). Cable TV, water except and Yakama. 5. Water to the housing areas is supplied by WSU and is fluoridated. 6. No pets (with

Collins, Gary S.

307

Housing And Mounting Structure  

DOEpatents

This invention relates to an optical transmitter, receiver or transceiver module, and more particularly, to an apparatus for connecting a first optical connector to a second optical connector. The apparatus comprises: (1) a housing having at least a first end and at least a second end, the first end of the housing capable of receiving the first optical connector, and the second end of the housing capable of receiving the second optical connector; (2) a longitudinal cavity extending from the first end of the housing to the second end of the housing; and (3) an electromagnetic shield comprising at least a portion of the housing. This invention also relates to an apparatus for housing a flexible printed circuit board, and this apparatus comprises: (1) a mounting structure having at least a first surface and a second surface; (2) alignment ridges along the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure, the alignment ridges functioning to align and secure a flexible printed circuit board that is wrapped around and attached to the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure; and (3) a series of heat sink ridges adapted to the mounting structure, the heat sink ridges functioning to dissipate heat that is generated from the flexible printed circuit board.

Anderson, Gene R. (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Johnny R.F. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM); Carson, Richard F. (Albuquerque, NM); Duckett, III, Edwin B. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick B. (Albuquerque, NM); Miller, Gregory V. (Kansas City, MO); Peterson, David W. (Sandia Park, NM); Smith, Terrance T. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-08

308

2. Keeper's house, light tower and oil house, view north, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Keeper's house, light tower and oil house, view north, south and east sides of keeper's house, south side of tower and oil house - Owl's Head Light Station, Off State Highway 73 just east of Rockland on Owl's Head Bay, Owls Head, Knox County, ME

309

91. VIEW NORTHWEST OF SCRAP HOUSE AND CAST HOUSE, BUILDINGS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

91. VIEW NORTHWEST OF SCRAP HOUSE AND CAST HOUSE, BUILDINGS 101 AND 72; BUILDING 101 IN THE CENTER OF THE PHOTOGRAPH HOUSED SCRAP METAL CLEANING AND PROCESSING FACILITIES; BUILDING 72 AT RIGHT CENTER HOUSED MELTING FURNACES AND CONTINUOUS CASTING MACHINERY - Scovill Brass Works, 59 Mill Street, Waterbury, New Haven County, CT

310

Housing markets : Mexico  

E-print Network

What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

2009-01-01

311

Atrium House solar revitalization  

E-print Network

The idea behind the Atrium House Solar Revitalization project, may be briefly presented as: energy conserving, low rise, high density, related- to- the-sky residences. The proposed system consists of a reticulate grid - ...

Malamuceanu, Dan Roland

1984-01-01

312

Outsourcing Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes discussion at a recent program of the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) regarding the trend toward privatized student housing; discussion highlighted market conditions, financing, and operations. (EV)

Cirino, Anna Marie

2003-01-01

313

Considerations When Housing  

E-print Network

and drawbacks, but horse health should be in the forefront when planning a facility. Less than ideal housing's skeletal system is very responsive to exercise and diet since the growing bones are elongating

314

Gingerbread-House Geometry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a sixth-grade interdisciplinary geometry unit based on Charles Dickens's "A Christmas Carol". Focuses on finding area, volume, and perimeter, and working with estimation, decimals, and fractions in the context of making gingerbread houses. (ASK)

Emenaker, Charles E.

1999-01-01

315

Competition between harvester ants and rodents in the cold desert  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local distribution patterns of three rodent species (Perognathus parvus, Peromyscus maniculatus, Reithrodontomys megalotis) were studied in areas of high and low densities of harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex owyheei) in Raft River Valley, Idaho. Numbers of rodents were greatest in areas of high ant-density during May, but partially reduced in August; whereas, the trend was reversed in areas of low ant-density. Seed

D. S. Landeen; C. D. Jorgensen; H. D. Smith

1979-01-01

316

Visual Landmarks Facilitate Rodent Spatial Navigation in Virtual Reality Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because many different sensory modalities contribute to spatial learning in rodents, it has been difficult to determine whether spatial navigation can be guided solely by visual cues. Rodents moving within physical environments with visual cues engage a variety of nonvisual sensory systems that cannot be easily inhibited without lesioning brain…

Youngstrom, Isaac A.; Strowbridge, Ben W.

2012-01-01

317

Lurking in the Shadows: Emerging Rodent Infectious Diseases  

PubMed Central

Rodent parvoviruses, Helicobacter spp., murine norovirus, and several other previously unknown infectious agents have “emerged” in laboratory rodents relatively recently. These agents have been discovered serendipitously or through active investigation of atypical serology results, cell culture contamination, unexpected histopathology, or previously unrecognized clinical disease syndromes. The potential research impact of these agents is not fully known. Infected rodents have demonstrated immunomodulation, tumor suppression, clinical disease (particularly in immunodeficient rodents), and histopathology. Perturbations of organismal and cellular physiology also likely occur. These agents posed unique challenges to laboratory animal resource programs once discovered; it was necessary to develop specific diagnostic assays and an understanding of their epidemiology and transmission routes before attempting eradication, and then evaluate eradication methods for efficacy. Even then management approaches varied significantly, from apathy to total exclusion, and such inconsistency has hindered the sharing and transfer of rodents among institutions, particularly for genetically modified rodent models that may not be readily available. As additional infectious agents are discovered in laboratory rodents in coming years, much of what researchers have learned from experiences with the recently identified pathogens will be applicable. This article provides an overview of the discovery, detection, and research impact of infectious agents recently identified in laboratory rodents. We also discuss emerging syndromes for which there is a suspected infectious etiology, and the unique challenges of managing newly emerging infectious agents. PMID:18506061

Besselsen, David G.; Franklin, Craig L.; Livingston, Robert S.; Riley, Lela K.

2013-01-01

318

Detection of Newly Recognized Rodent Parvoviruses by PCR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several autonomous parvovirus isolates distinct from the prototypic rodent parvoviruses have recently been identified. These include variants of a mouse orphan parvovirus (MOPV) and a hamster isolate designated hamster orphan parvovirus (HOPV). In this study, a PCR primer set specific for these newly identified rodent parvoviruses was designed on the basis of DNA sequence comparisons of these isolates with other

DAVID G. BESSELSEN; CYNTHIA L. BESCH-WILLIFORD; DAVID J. PINTEL; CRAIG L. FRANKLIN; REUEL R. HOOK; ANDLELA K. RILEY

1995-01-01

319

Wash room, bunkhouse, first floor interior. This room is a ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Wash room, bunkhouse, first floor interior. This room is a screened porch with the original sinks extant. Light and ventilation was borrowed from the wash room into the toilets and bathing rooms. - Sespe Ranch, Bunkhouse, 2896 Telegraph Road, Fillmore, Ventura County, CA

320

Prospects of chemosterilant and genetic control of rodents  

PubMed Central

This paper discusses some requirements of an ideal rodent chemosterilant, analyses the advantages of chemosterilants over other control methods, and compares the potential values of chemosterilants that affect females, males, and both sexes. Examples are given of specific situations where chemosterilants will be valuable in rodent control, together with suggested methods of applying them. The theory and practicability of using genetics in rodent control are also discussed. Neither the chemosterilant nor the genetic method is expected to become a panacea, but their eventual application will be a significant advance in rodent-control technology. Since both approaches are based on sound biological principles and are relatively safe, they should be helpful in regulating rodent populations in the future. PMID:4583051

Marsh, Rex E.; Howard, Walter E.

1973-01-01

321

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the Guard House and Barracks, and South Fire House in relation to nearby roads, railroad tracks, and the piers). Navy Yard, Mare Island, California. P.W. Drawing No. C-1899, approved 1941; file no. 930-C-1. Scale one inch to forty feet. 72 cn x 97 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

322

Room TemperatureRoom Temperature Superconductivity ND'05Superconductivity ND'05  

E-print Network

Room TemperatureRoom Temperature Superconductivity ND'05Superconductivity ND'05 Probing Room Temperature SuperconductivityProbing Room Temperature Superconductivity In A Parallel, Wiser Universe #12;Room TemperatureRoom Temperature Superconductivity ND'05Superconductivity ND'05 #12;Room

Islam, M. Saif

323

12 CFR 1282.21 - Housing plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.21 Housing plans. (a) General...an Enterprise will fail, to meet any housing goal and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may...

2013-01-01

324

12 CFR 1282.21 - Housing plans.  

...ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.21 Housing plans. (a) General...an Enterprise will fail, to meet any housing goal and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may...

2014-01-01

325

12 CFR 1282.22 - Housing plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.22 Housing plans. (a...that an Enterprise will fail to meet any housing goal and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may...

2010-01-01

326

12 CFR 1282.21 - Housing plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.21 Housing plans. (a) General...an Enterprise will fail, to meet any housing goal and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may...

2012-01-01

327

Epidemiology of Leptospira Transmitted by Rodents in Southeast Asia  

PubMed Central

Background Leptospirosis is the most common bacterial zoonoses and has been identified as an important emerging global public health problem in Southeast Asia. Rodents are important reservoirs for human leptospirosis, but epidemiological data is lacking. Methodology/Principal Findings We sampled rodents living in different habitats from seven localities distributed across Southeast Asia (Thailand, Lao PDR and Cambodia), between 2009 to 2010. Human isolates were also obtained from localities close to where rodents were sampled. The prevalence of Leptospira infection was assessed by real-time PCR using DNA extracted from rodent kidneys, targeting the lipL32 gene. Sequencing rrs and secY genes, and Multi Locus Variable-number Tandem Repeat (VNTR) analyses were performed on DNA extracted from rat kidneys for Leptospira isolates molecular typing. Four species were detected in rodents, L. borgpetersenii (56% of positive samples), L. interrogans (36%), L. kirschneri (3%) and L. weilli (2%), which were identical to human isolates. Mean prevalence in rodents was approximately 7%, and largely varied across localities and habitats, but not between rodent species. The two most abundant Leptospira species displayed different habitat requirements: L. interrogans was linked to humid habitats (rice fields and forests) while L. borgpetersenii was abundant in both humid and dry habitats (non-floodable lands). Conclusion/Significance L. interrogans and L. borgpetersenii species are widely distributed amongst rodent populations, and strain typing confirmed rodents as reservoirs for human leptospirosis. Differences in habitat requirements for L. interrogans and L. borgpetersenii supported differential transmission modes. In Southeast Asia, human infection risk is not only restricted to activities taking place in wetlands and rice fields as is commonly accepted, but should also include tasks such as forestry work, as well as the hunting and preparation of rodents for consumption, which deserve more attention in future epidemiological studies. PMID:24901706

Mielcarek, Mathilde; Tatard, Caroline; Chaval, Yannick; Suputtamongkol, Yupin; Buchy, Philippe; Jittapalapong, Sathaporn; Herbreteau, Vincent; Morand, Serge

2014-01-01

328

Modifications to husbandry and housing conditions of laboratory rodents for improved well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a change to be considered enriching, the change must enhance animal welfare and improve biological functioning of the animals. A review of the literature shows that a consensus on the definition of changes constituting \\

Abigail L. Smith; Dorcas J. Corrow

2005-01-01

329

Domestic Rodent Control Training Manual: A Training Aid for the Rodent Control Category for Certification of Pesticide Applicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual, designed for training applicants who wish to obtain certification in pesticide application relative to rodent control, covers the following topics: economic factors, public health factors, biological characteristics of domestic rodents, rat and mouse signs, trapping, repellents, poisons, baits, poisoned water, dumps, sewers,…

Childress, William R., Jr.; And Others

330

Latitudinal patterns in rodent metabolic flexibility.  

PubMed

Macrophysiology is defined as the study of variation in physiological traits-including physiological trait flexibility-over large geographical and temporal scales, and the ecological implications of this variation. A classic example of a macrophysiological trend is the one emerging from the climatic variability hypothesis, which states that as the range of climatic fluctuation experienced by terrestrial animals increases with latitude, individuals at higher latitudes should be more plastic than individuals inhabiting lower latitudes. In this context, we evaluate the correlation between absolute metabolic scope during cold exposure (an instantaneous measure of metabolic flexibility) and different geographic and climatic variables for 48 rodent species. Conventional and phylogenetic informed analyses indicated a positive correlation between metabolic scope and geographic latitude. These findings, together with previous reports on latitudinal pattern in phenotypic flexibility, suggest that an increase in physiological flexibility with latitude may hold for many phenotypic traits. PMID:22617269

Naya, Daniel E; Spangenberg, Lucia; Naya, Hugo; Bozinovic, Francisco

2012-06-01

331

Intraoperative cerebral blood flow imaging of rodents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intraoperative monitoring of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is of interest to neuroscience researchers, which offers the assessment of hemodynamic responses throughout the process of neurosurgery and provides an early biomarker for surgical guidance. However, intraoperative CBF imaging has been challenging due to animal's motion and position change during the surgery. In this paper, we presented a design of an operation bench integrated with laser speckle contrast imager which enables monitoring of the CBF intraoperatively. With a specially designed stereotaxic frame and imager, we were able to monitor the CBF changes in both hemispheres during the rodent surgery. The rotatable design of the operation plate and implementation of online image registration allow the technician to move the animal without disturbing the CBF imaging during surgery. The performance of the system was tested by middle cerebral artery occlusion model of rats.

Li, Hangdao; Li, Yao; Yuan, Lu; Wu, Caihong; Lu, Hongyang; Tong, Shanbao

2014-09-01

332

Long-Term Results: New Construction Occupied Test House, Urbana, Illinois  

SciTech Connect

For this study, a house was designed and built to the Passive House (Passivhaus) Standard for low energy consumption. The house incorporates an airtight, super-insulated thermal enclosure, southern facing windows with overhangs, a single point mini-split heat pump and electric resistance heaters, and a balanced energy recovery ventilator (ERV). The house was instrumented with sub-metering on all major electrical circuits, temperature and humidity measurements in each room, domestic hot water consumption, and recovery efficiency of the ERV. The energy performance was documented and compared to modeled predictions, and the thermal comfort performance of the heat pump was assessed.

Stecher, D.; Allison, K.

2012-10-01

333

Room for a View  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no room in the classical Black-Scholes framework for the market view of an investor. The investor in derivatives needs to know the volatility of the underlying, that is the 'choppiness' of the market, but the direction is irrelevant. Suppose we have two stocks A and B having the same volatility, 20%, say. They both have a value 100

Ralf Korn; Paul Wilmott

1997-01-01

334

Auditoriums/Music Rooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents auditoriums/music rooms considered outstanding in a competition, which judged the most outstanding learning environments at educational institutions nationwide. Jurors spent two days reviewing projects, focusing on concepts and ideas that made them exceptional. For each citation, the article offers information on the firm, client, total…

American School & University, 2003

2003-01-01

335

Room Policies Videoconferencing  

E-print Network

and Video conference hosting options: Zoom.us o Free personal account ­ anyone may create an online profile a free online account for unlimited free calls to other Skype accounts. See http://www.skype.com Adobe Movie Maker 2.The room has a built-in camera on top of the large monitor Launch a program that will use

336

Room Policies Videoconferencing  

E-print Network

and Video conference hosting options: Zoom.us o Free personal account ­ anyone may create an online profile create a free online account for unlimited free calls to other Skype accounts. See http Movie Maker 2.The room has a built-in camera on top of the large monitor Launch a program that will use

337

Technology Equipment Rooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines telecommunications equipment room design features that allow for growth and can accommodate numerous equipment replacements and upgrades with minimal service disruption and with minimal cost. Considerations involving the central hub, power and lighting needs, air conditioning, and fire protection are discussed. (GR)

Day, C. William

2001-01-01

338

Scarlett Isabella Dining Room  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

A view from the dining room of the Scarlett Isabella. The USGS returned from a seafloor data mapping mission offshore of the Delmarva Peninsula (Ocean City, MD) on July 25th, 2014. The data collected is foundational to our continued understanding of coastal change, vulnerabilities, and making our c...

339

Operating room: 2010.  

PubMed

Using expert systems, virtual reality, and commercial and futuristic technology, visionary operating room (OR) nurses will have the opportunity in the 21st century to dramatically improve the way the OR functions. Eliminating counting, decreasing occurrences of patient injuries, and improving staff and patient education are just some of the possibilities! PMID:9220909

Lawrence, A M; Lebsack, R S

1997-04-01

340

Operating room rescheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to surgery duration variability and arrivals of emergency surgeries, the planned Operating Room (OR) schedule is disrupted throughout the day which may lead to a change in the start time of the elective surgeries. These changes may result in undesirable situations for patients, wards or other involved departments, and therefore, the OR schedule has to be adjusted. In this

J. T. Essen; J. L. Hurink; W. Hartholt; Akker van den B. J

2012-01-01

341

Excavation for Conference Room  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This photo shows workers completing the excavation at the site for the conference room in the new Audubon NWR Headquarters. This project, funded by the Recovery Act, will allow the Refuge to replace the current headquarters and visitor facility, which is approximately 52 years old and has had four a...

2009-09-16

342

Rooms with a View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When well-designed and integrated into a campus living or learning space, an atrium can function as the heart and spirit of a building, connecting interior rooms and public spaces with the outside environment. However, schools and universities should seek technological and HVAC solutions that maximize energy efficiency. This article discusses how…

Hourihan, Peter; Berry, Millard, III

2006-01-01

343

Houses of the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If one were to showcase new housing technologies and innovative designs in Australia, it wouldn't be a bad idea to place such an exhibit next to one of the most instantly recognizable structures in the world. Well, that is precisely what the Australian government (in collaboration with private industry groups) did when they placed this remarkable "Houses of the Future" exhibition next to the Sydney Opera House. While the exhibit has since moved on to a new location, visitors who are curious about the future of the built environment (particularly in terms of domestic architecture and construction) will enjoy this interactive website. The website features six homes that are part of a "new generation of prefabricated dwellings emerging around the globe". The requirements for each new housing type were that they be prefabricated for easy transportation, environmentally sustainable, designed by an architect, and "futuristic in appearance and use of domestic space". On the site, visitors may look within each house, all the while learning about each structure's historical precedents, environmental features, and of course, its architects. For those interested in the potential of domestic architecture, this website will be quite a treat.

344

Housing environment and women's health in a Palestinian refugee camp.  

PubMed

This study was carried out during January and February 2002 in Al-Ein Refugee Camp in Nablus city in Palestine. Interviews were held with 150 women of different age groups and different marital status. The results show a positive relationship between women's physical and mental health and housing conditions. There is a statistically significant relationship between the family size represented by the number of children in the household, the number of children that sleep in one room, and the number of children that sleep in one bed, the house size, and number of rooms and women's feeling of privacy (mental health and well-being). Most of the houses in the camp are unhealthy and overcrowded. The family income is very low and there is a general poor health status of women in the camp. Most of the women do not know the conditions of a healthy house. The study shows the importance of housing reforms on the health of the family in general and women's health in particular, mainly in refugee camps. PMID:16134481

Al-Khatib, Issam A; Arafat, Rania N; Musmar, Mohamed

2005-06-01

345

Energy-Efficient Housing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We all know that it takes energy to provide us with the basics of shelter: heating, cooling, lighting, electricity, sanitation and cooking. To create energy-efficient housing that is practical for people to use every day requires combining many smaller systems that each perform a function well, and making smart decisions about the sources of power we use. Through five lessons on the topics of heat transfer, circuits, daylighting, electricity from renewable energy sources, and passive solar design, students learn about the science, math and engineering that go into designing energy-efficient components of smart housing that is environmentally friendly. Through numerous design/build/analyze activities, students create a solar water heater, swamp cooler, thermostat, model houses for testing, model greenhouse, and wind and water turbine prototypes. Students should concurrently be taking Algebra 1 in order to complete some of the worksheets.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

346

Freedom House Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the annals of 20th century Boston history, the Freedom House stands out as a local community organization dedicated to stabilizing a community in transition, and their history is an interesting one. The Freedom House was established in 1949 by two African American social workers and they were dedicated to ensuring the Roxbury community's stability as a middle-class, racially mixed neighborhood. Eventually, Freedom House's archives came to Northeastern University, and the digitization of their materials was made possible via a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. On this site, visitors can look over some of the several thousands photos, negatives, and slides in their collection. The items are organized into several topical areas, including "People", "Groups", "Places", and "Topics". Some of the people featured in the collection include the Revered Martin Luther King, Jr., Senator Edward Kennedy, and Kitty Dukakis.

347

Lack of seroreactivity to Ehrlichia chaffeensis among rodent populations.  

PubMed

A retrospective serosurvey for antibodies to Ehrlichia chaffeensis was conducted on eight species of wild rodents (Mus musculus, Oryzomys palustris, Peromyscus leucopus, Rattus norvegicus, Reithrodontomys humulis, Sciurus carolinensis, Sciurus niger, and Sigmodon hispidus) from the southeastern United States. Serum samples (n = 281) collected between 1973 and 1993 were evaluated using an indirect fluorescent antibody test. All samples, screened at a dilution of 1:32, were negative for antibodies to E. chaffeensis. Sixty-three percent of the rodents tested were from areas where E. chaffeensis has been confirmed or is strongly suspected to be endemic. These data suggest limited or no involvement of rodents in the epidemiology of E. chaffeensis. PMID:9577793

Lockhart, J M; Davidson, W R; Stallknecht, D E; Dawson, J E

1998-04-01

348

Structural insights into the rodent CNS via diffusion tensor imaging  

PubMed Central

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a useful tool for studying anatomy and pathology in the rodent central nervous system (CNS).The unique tissue contrasts provided by DTI are well suited for monitoring disease progression, studying brain development, and characterizing anatomical phenotypes. Recent technical developments have vastly improved the speed and resolution of rodent DTI. Ongoing research efforts exploring the microstructural basis of DTI signals have provided useful insights into its capabilities to delineate brain structures and detect neuropathology. Significant progress has also been made in combining DTI results with data acquired using other imaging modalities to enhance our understanding of the rodent CNS. PMID:22651954

Zhang, Jiangyang; Aggarwal, Manisha; Mori, Susumu

2012-01-01

349

Data quality in predictive toxicology: reproducibility of rodent carcinogenicity experiments.  

PubMed Central

We compared 121 replicate rodent carcinogenicity assays from the two parts (National Cancer Institute/National Toxicology Program and literature) of the Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB) to estimate the reliability of these experiments. We estimated a concordance of 57% between the overall rodent carcinogenicity classifications from both sources. This value did not improve substantially when additional biologic information (species, sex, strain, target organs) was considered. These results indicate that rodent carcinogenicity assays are much less reproducible than previously expected, an effect that should be considered in the development of structure-activity relationship models and the risk assessment process. PMID:11401763

Gottmann, E; Kramer, S; Pfahringer, B; Helma, C

2001-01-01

350

A note from Residential Life Students and their families tend to view the housing assignment as a significant part of the first-year  

E-print Network

A note from Residential Life Students and their families tend to view the housing assignment room sizes within each building, so it is difficult to provide room dimensions. Every student receives, with the exception of some Foss Hill (West College and Nicolson) rooms that have built-in units. Most beds

Royer, Dana

351

The effect of house design and environment on fungal movement in homes of bronchial asthma patients.  

PubMed

The effect of house building design and environment on the fungal movement in the houses of 41 bronchial asthma (BA) patients has been investigated by examining house dust. The presence and composition of fungi were determined and compared in relation to building structure, house age, size of living room, main flooring material, presence of a living-room rug or air purifier, and frequency of vacuum cleaning. Among these elements, fungal CFU apparently varied only between building structure: wooden-board houses had significantly higher numbers of fungi than reinforced concrete houses (p < 0.01), and wooden mortar or iron-framed prefabricated houses had significantly higher numbers of fungi than reinforced concrete houses (p < 0.05). Classification of the types of fungi present in the house dust of BA patients showed that, regardless of the building designs, there were high levels of osmophilic fungi (group A) and fungi that survive at relatively dry conditions (group B), whereas fungi that survive in very wet conditions (group D) were present at low frequency. PMID:11694095

Takatori, K; Saito, A; Yasueda, H; Akiyama, K

2001-01-01

352

Designing the temperate house  

SciTech Connect

The climate is the architects's true adversary; as the climate varies, so should the shelter. The two most important developments which have emerged nationally in today's house building are the continuous concept of space and the greater exploitation of industrialized products, specifically large sheets of glass. Both make houses more vulnerable than ever to climate - to heat, wind, humidity, hurricanes, earthquakes, rainfall, and snowfall, and most of all to the sun. The designer's problem is build a shelter which will adjust to the seasonal, daily, and hourly variation in the intensity of the sun's radiation. The article examines various approaches to this problem. 16 figs.

Olgyay, V.

1989-01-01

353

6. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM SHOWING OPEN DOORWAY TO KITCHEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. INTERIOR OF LIVING ROOM SHOWING OPEN DOORWAY TO KITCHEN AT PHOTO CENTER, FLUSH FRONT DOOR WITH GLAZING AT PHOTO RIGHT, AND OPEN PANELED DOOR TO BEDROOM NO. 2 AT LEFT PHOTO CENTER. DECORATIVE WOOD STRIPPING ON WALLS AND CEILING IS CARRIED THROUGHOUT REST OF ORIGINAL PORTION OF HOUSE. VIEW TO NORTH. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 4, Worker Cottage, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

354

15. INTERIOR OF ENGINE ROOM, CONTAINING MESTACORLISS CROSSCOMPOUND ENGINE, FOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. INTERIOR OF ENGINE ROOM, CONTAINING MESTA-CORLISS CROSS-COMPOUND ENGINE, FOR 40" BLOOMING MILL. THIS VIEW IS TAKEN FROM THE HIGH-PRESSURE SIDE OF THE ENGINE SHOWING THE HOUSING EXTENSION; TO THE RIGHT, IN THE BACKGROUND, IS THE 24' CAST-IRON FLYWHEEL. - Republic Iron & Steel Company, Youngstown Works, Blooming Mill & Blooming Mill Engines, North of Poland Avenue, Youngstown, Mahoning County, OH

355

5. VIEW OF VENTILATION HOUSES AND ROOF MONITOR FROM SOUTHEAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW OF VENTILATION HOUSES AND ROOF MONITOR FROM SOUTHEAST CORNER OF ROOF. ROOF MONITOR WINDOWS HAVE BEEN INFILLED WITH BRICK. THE VENTILATION HOUSES ARE PART OF THE ORIGINAL CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND CONTAINED AIR WASHERS, FANS AND OTHER HUMIDFYING EQUIPMENT FROM PARKS-CRAMER COMPANY OF FITCHBURG, MASSACHUSETTS. LOCATING THIS EQUIPMENT ON THE ROOF MADE IT UNNECESSARY TO CONSTRUCT A FULL BASEMENT, AND THEREFORE LOWERED CONSTRUCTION COSTS. THIS ARRANGEMENT ALSO PUT THE AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT CLOSEST TO THE TOP FLOOR SPINNING ROOM, WHICH HAD THE GREATEST COOLING REQUIREMENTS. - Stark Mill, 117 Corinth Road, Hogansville, Troup County, GA

356

New Building, Old Parasite: Mesostigmatid Mites—An Ever-Present Threat to Barrier Rodent Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mesostigmatid mites are blood-sucking parasitic mites found in wild rodent populations. Periodically they can also become a problem for laboratory rodent colonies, particu- larly when building construction or renovations disturb colonies of commensal (building) rodents that had been act- ing as hosts. Mesostigmatid mites infest both rats and mice and, unlike the more common rodent fur mites (Myobia, Myocoptes, and

Julie Watson

357

RODENTICIDE USE IN RODENT MANAGEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES: AN OVERVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rodents occur worldwide and have adapted to most types of ecosystems. Rodents provide many important ecosystem functions and while most rodent species do not cause serious damage problems, a small number of species do. Rodent-caused damage includes crop and stored food consumption and contamination, forestry and nursery damage, rangeland damage, ornamental plant damage, property damage, cable and irrigation pipe damage,

GARY WITMER; JOHN D. EISEMANN

358

1. Interior. Storage room for glassware and reference room with ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Interior. Storage room for glassware and reference room with frequently-used chemistry and chemical engineering texts. - Thomas A. Edison Laboratories, Building No. 2, West Orange, Essex County, NJ

359

8. VIEW OF ROOM 101 (ASSEMBLY ROOM) FROM NORTHEAST CORNER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VIEW OF ROOM 101 (ASSEMBLY ROOM) FROM NORTHEAST CORNER SHOWING FLEXIBLE AIR-CONDITIONING DUCT - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Vehicle Support Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

360

Entry area from living room with dining room beyond and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Entry area from living room with dining room beyond and stairs to second floor through doorway to the right (southern unit) - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Officers' Quarters, West Charlie Kelly Boulevard & South Hutton Street, Southwest Corner, Aurora, Adams County, CO

361

Supreme Court Room (room 573), looking westsouthwest (bearing 250). Not ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Supreme Court Room (room 573), looking west-southwest (bearing 250). Not that missing scones are to be returned and presently obscured ceiling is proposed for restoration. - California State Library & Courts Building, 914 Capitol Mall, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

362

New York law (the Kerry Rose Fire Sprinkler Notification Act of 2013) requires the University to provide all students residing in college-owned or operated housing with a description of the housing facility's fire safety  

E-print Network

to provide all students residing in college-owned or operated housing with a description of the housing in the above-referenced summary, smoke detector activation in a student room results in "local" alarm Drill and Fire Systems Building Evacuation/ Fire Drills Building Construction Fire Alarm System (smoke

Portman, Douglas

363

5. Supply house, bell tower, light tower and keeper's house, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Supply house, bell tower, light tower and keeper's house, view southwest, northeast sides - Pemaquid Point Light Station, End of State Highway 130 south of Bristol Village, Bristol, Lincoln County, ME

364

5. Shed, keeper's house, boathouse, light tower and oil house, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Shed, keeper's house, boathouse, light tower and oil house, view southeast, northwest and southwest sides - Goat Island Light Station, Goat Island, next to entrance to Cape Porpoise Harbor, just south of Trott Island, Cape Porpoise, York County, ME

365

SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE AND HOUSE, VIEW TO WEST/ ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE AND HOUSE, VIEW TO WEST/ SOUTHWEST - Kiel Farmstead, Summer Kitchen & Smokehouse, East side State Route 4, one half mile south of U.S. Route 64, Mascoutah, St. Clair County, IL

366

2. Oil house, fog signal house and light tower, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Oil house, fog signal house and light tower, view southwest, east and north sides - Great Duck Island Light Station, At southern tip of Great Duck Island southeast of Bass Harbor & northeast of Frenchboro, Frenchboro, Hancock County, ME

367

Briefing Room: Brazil  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Market and Trade Economics Division of US Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service (USDA ERS) (reviewed in the July 2, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics) supplies general information and data on the Brazilian economy at the Brazil Briefing Room. The site mainly focuses on Brazil's current agricultural economic condition. Maps, trade policy information, and ERS projections for principal crop and livestock products are available as well as in-depth macroeconomic summaries with detailed bibliographies for further research.

1999-01-01

368

Room access monitoring system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a room access monitoring system, which integrates computer and microcontroller MOTOROLA MC68HC11A8. Assembly language is used to program the microcontroller and Visual Basic 6 (VB) is used to develop the monitoring system. The monitoring system is divided into server side program (Eyewatch) and client side program. The server side program informs the user about the door status

R. K. Z. Sahbudin; Lee Choong Hooi; Tan Chin Guan; Ling Siong Liet

2003-01-01

369

Athermal mounting of optics in metallic housings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper illustrates an athermal mounting for a Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) optic in an AlBeMet housing for use at cryogenic temperatures. The GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) instrument beamsplitter utilizes this design and the difficulty is the significant delta in the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) between the housing and the optic. The high discrepancy in CTE is exacerbated by a large thermal range from an ambient assembly to cryogenic operational temperature. The assembly utilizes CTE matched clips bonded to the optic using a well controlled bondline. The clips are attached to an optimized spacer of a high CTE material that is used to reduce the CTE mismatch. The spacers are coupled to a four flexure design that is symmetric in both axes. The net effect reduces the apparent CTE between the optic and the housing in a space constrained mounting. The flexures allow the final small amount of expansion room that the assembly requires as it goes over a large temperature swing. This design was qualified through extensive thermal cycling and vibration testing, and exhibited performance acceptable for production.

Leahy, Zachary N.; Magner, Andrew J.

2013-09-01

370

[Crisis and decline of bath houses].  

PubMed

For centuries bath-houses and barber-surgeons formed such an integral part of public life that one is mystified by their vanishing from modern view with hardly any trace left. Previous authors have offered a variety of reasons for this disappearance: the bath-houses' notorious reputation, developing fuel-shortage, the "new" fashion of taking the waters and the outbreak of previously unknown contagious diseases are among those mentioned most frequently. While these factors may be valid reasons for a crisis afflicting the "hot-houses" they would hardly explain why fate overtook the barber-surgeons' entire trade. Judging from the sources available one cannot help but feel that the philosophers of the Enlightenment were largely responsible for such a dramatic change of society. Sceptical philosophy discarded the wisdom of the ancient medical authorities replacing traditional steam-bathing with "modern" cold-bathing. Society itself was subject to equally revolutionary changes: the local masters of the trade had to make room for surgeons educated at medical schools setting the stage for a new reality which has become "normal" to us. PMID:10641424

Widmann, M

1999-01-01

371

Room with a View: Ethical Encounters in Room 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes ethical encounters in Room 13, a schoolroom where children made what they wanted, posed their own questions, and ran an art room like a small business. In Room 13 children had the responsibility to maintain all aspects of the art studio. Specific decisions fell to an annually elected management team, a small…

Grube, Vicky

2012-01-01

372

8. INTERIOR, SECOND FLOOR, TYPICAL LODGE ROOM (ROOM 28), FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. INTERIOR, SECOND FLOOR, TYPICAL LODGE ROOM (ROOM 28), FROM NORTHWEST CORNER OF ROOM, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, WITH SHOWER STALL IN BATHROOM THROUGH DOOR AT CENTER. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Lodge-Cafeteria, East of Fifth Street, between D & E Streets, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

373

SC Conference Rooms by Floor SC Room Polycom Skype/  

E-print Network

SC Conference Rooms by Floor SC Room Polycom Skype/ Lync web camera micro- phone notes ceiling good best x x Polycom video only; no sharing computer screen plasma 384-4331 22 3258 no best x x 80 SC x 384-4334 22 Skype/Lync SC Room Skype/ Lync Polycom web camera micro- phone notes ceiling

Casavant, Tom

374

Doll's House Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School physics rarely stands still for long. Environmental physics is now an option in some post-16 courses in England. The physics of environments, and in particular the built environment, offers a recognizable context in which to see the applications of physics at work. This article considers how a model doll's house might be used to help…

Kibble, Bob

2009-01-01

375

Department of Housing and  

E-print Network

in campus housing facilities. Examples of weapons include, but are not limited to: guns (BB, pellet will be responsible for providing proof of vaccinations upon request. The pet owner is responsible for daily waste removal. Pet waste should be placed in a plastic bag in the trash bin. Any structure associated

Johnson, Eric E.

376

Systems Science Harder House  

E-print Network

Systems Science Harder House 1604 SW 10th Avenue 503-725-4960 www.sysc.pdx.edu/ M.S. Ph.D. Systems, and the natural and social sciences, systems theorists continue to make important contributions to the growth and contemporary form of systems science, which crystallized after World War II around general systems theory

377

Houses with Height Numbers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet allows students to freely build shapes by stacking cubes and "explore the relation between a building (house) consisting of cubes and the height numbers representing the height of the different parts of the building." This exercise helps students visualize and understand the concepts of volume and three-dimensional, measurable space.

Boon, Peter; Van Den Brink, Jan

2004-01-01

378

Flooded Gage House  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Flooded U.S. Geological Survey gage house on the Sheyenne River near Lisbon, North Dakota, April 22, 2011.  At this time streamflow was approximately 7,450 cubic feet per second and gage height (stage) was 21.23 feet.  More information about this streamgage is available online....

379

Cockroaches, House flies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chapters 5-10 of a World Health Organization PDF on medical pests of importance in PDF format. Chatpers 5,6 cover Cockroaches and House flies respectively, remaining chapters go on to discuss guinea worm, fresh water snails, and proper pesticide application. These are extremely thorough control strategy texts with a great deal of information.

0002-11-30

380

ETHAN'S HOUSE GETS HEALTHIER  

E-print Network

2012 Tips page adapted from health educational material from Philadelphia Lead Poisoning Prevention Prevent Lead Poisoning U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Environmental Health #12;Ethan's House Gets Healthier With a Visit from

381

House Rules [ 2010 2011  

E-print Network

for those who choose to ignore this policy. Candles Candles have been the primary cause of fires at Williams. Candles are not allowed in student residences even if they are decorative, unlit, or still in packaging. Incense is also prohibited. Candles and incense found in housing will be removed. Students who want

Aalberts, Daniel P.

382

Swimming ability in three Costa Rican dry forest rodents  

E-print Network

We investigated the swimming abilities of three Costa Rican dry forest rodents (Coues' rice rat. Oryzomys couesi, hispid cotton rat, Sigmodon hispidus, and spiny pocket mouse, Liomys salvini) associated with a large marsh, ...

Cook, William M.; Timm, Robert M.; Hymen, Dena E.

2001-12-01

383

Cannabinoid-dependent plasticity in rodent somatosensory cortex.  

E-print Network

??Cortical long-term depression (LTD) and long-term potentiation (LTP) are thought to be important mechanisms for the plasticity of topographic sensory maps, especially in rodent somatosensory… (more)

Bender, Vanessa Anne

2006-01-01

384

Allocentric directional processing in the rodent and human retrosplenial cortex  

PubMed Central

Head direction (HD) cells in the rodent brain have been investigated for a number of years, providing us with a detailed understanding of how the rodent brain codes for allocentric direction. Allocentric direction refers to the orientation of the external environment, independent of one’s current (egocentric) orientation. The presence of neural activity related to allocentric directional coding in humans has also been noted but only recently directly tested. Given the current status of both fields, it seems beneficial to draw parallels between this rodent and human research. We therefore discuss how findings from the human retrosplenial cortex (RSC), including its “translational function” (converting egocentric to allocentric information) and ability to code for permanent objects, compare to findings from the rodent RSC. We conclude by suggesting critical future experiments that derive from a cross-species approach to understanding the function of the human RSC. PMID:24672459

Knight, Rebecca; Hayman, Robin

2014-01-01

385

A NEW METHOD TO QUANTIFY CORE TEMPERATURE INSTABILITY IN RODENTS.  

EPA Science Inventory

Methods to quantify instability of autonomic systems such as temperature regulation should be important in toxicant and drug safety studies. Stability of core temperature (Tc) in laboratory rodents is susceptible to a variety of stimuli. Calculating the temperature differential o...

386

Neural Representation of Spatial Topology in the Rodent Hippocampus  

E-print Network

Pyramidal cells in the rodent hippocampus often exhibit clear spatial tuning in navigation. Although it has been long suggested that pyramidal cell activity may underlie a topological code rather than a topographic code, ...

Chen, Zhe

387

Quantitative Ultrasound Assessment of HIFU Induced Lesions in Rodent Liver  

E-print Network

Quantitative Ultrasound Assessment of HIFU Induced Lesions in Rodent Liver Jeremy Kemmerer, Goutam Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL 61801 Email: kemmere1@illinois.edu Abstract

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

388

ASSESSMENT OF HOST RESISTANCE TO INFECTION WITH RODENT MALARIA  

EPA Science Inventory

Resistance to malaria infection is known to require an intact immune system. his chapter presents an overview of rodent malaria, the host response to infection and methods for assessing infection in rats and mice....

389

MEASUREMENT OF VENTILATORY FREQUENCY IN UNRESTRAINED RODENTS USING MICROWAVE RADIATION  

EPA Science Inventory

A novel technique for remote determination of breathing frequency in unrestrained rodents using microwave radiation is described. Single mice were placed inside a rectangular waveguide operating at 2450 MHz. Because mice efficiently absorb radio frequency energy at 2450 MHz, any ...

390

Ejaculate investment in a promiscuous rodent, Peromyscus maniculatus: effects of  

E-print Network

Ejaculate investment in a promiscuous rodent, Peromyscus maniculatus: effects of population density, somatic mass and annual population density for wild-caught male deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus rank. Keywords: ejaculate investment, mating system, Peromyscus maniculatus, population density, sexual

Montgomerie, Bob

391

1. EXTERIOR VIEW OF FRONT OF CLUB HOUSE. BOAT HOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. EXTERIOR VIEW OF FRONT OF CLUB HOUSE. BOAT HOUSE AND DOCK TO THE RIGHT. PICTURE TAKEN FROM FRONT YARD OF COTTAGE 231, CAMERA FACING SOUTHWEST. SMALL WOOD FRAME SHED IN FRONT OF CLUB HOUSE STORES FIRE HOSE BUILT AFTER 1980. - Swan Falls Village, Clubhouse 011, Snake River, Kuna, Ada County, ID

392

University of California, Davis Student Housing STUDENT HOUSING APARTMENT CONTRACT  

E-print Network

S am ple University of California, Davis Student Housing STUDENT HOUSING APARTMENT CONTRACT PART I: Joann Wilson, Residential Services Manager 160 Student Housing University of California, Davis One by reference, govern all University Students, as well as all state and federal laws. By reference

Hernes, Peter J.

393

Animal Room Log.xls  

Cancer.gov

ANIMAL ROOM LOG Room Number: __________ Cage Type Death Cause C = Auto Water EU = Euthanized NOTES: B = Water Bottle FD = Found Dead S = SMZ DR = Drowned M = Microisolator MI = Missing TO = Transfer Out DEATH CAUSE STRAIN CODE GROUP NAME # ? # ? COMMENTS

394

Containment testing of isolation rooms.  

PubMed

Results from the tracer containment testing of four 'state-of-the-art' airborne infection isolation rooms, in a new hospital, are presented. A testing technician exited an isolation room several minutes after a small quantity of tracer gas was injected over the patient bed in that room. Easily measurable tracer gas concentrations were then found in the anterooms outside the patient rooms and corridor outside the isolation room suites. Containment factors for the isolation rooms and dilution factors in the anterooms and corridor were calculated, based on the measured tracer concentrations. These results indicate the desirability of evidence-based design standards and guidelines for assessing performance of airborne infection isolation rooms. The study also demonstrates that the tracer testing procedure yields comparable results for equivalent isolation room suites, suggesting good reproducibility of the testing method. PMID:15236852

Rydock, J P; Eian, P K

2004-07-01

395

Secondary dispersal of Dioscorea japonica (Dioscoreaceae) bulbils by rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined rodent dispersal of Dioscorea japonica bulbils. Bulbils dispersed by rodents may travel farther from their parent plants than those dispersed by gravity alone.\\u000a To confirm the presence of secondary dispersal and the types of vector, we used an automatic camera to photograph animals\\u000a that approached bulbils. To clarify secondary dispersal distance, we set marked bulbils at eight sites

Inoue Mizuki; Akiko Takahashi

2009-01-01

396

Findings of mycobacteria in insectivores and small rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The organs of 30 insectivorous mammals and 62 rodents from areas inhabited by people or livestock where cattle paratuberculosis\\u000a or mycobacterial infections of swine had been found to occur were examined by cultivation during the monitoring of occurrence\\u000a and spread of mycobacterioses in cattle and swine. Mycobacteria were found in the organs of 3 insectivores (10%) and 6 rodents\\u000a (9.7%).Mycobacterium

O. Fischer; L. Mátlová; J. Bartl; L. Dvorská; I. Melichárek; I. Pavlík

2000-01-01

397

Zoonotic helminthes of commensal rodents in Talkha Center, Dakahlia Governorate.  

PubMed

Commensal rodents were trapped alive from different areas near garbage, canal edges, farm animals and the likes in Talkha Center over one year. A total of 135 rodents were collected, their species and index were Rattus norvegicus (0.11), R. r. frugivorous (0.13), R. r. alexandrinus (0.16) and Mus musculus (0.5). The zoonotic helminthes were trematodes (10 species), cestodes (4 species), and nematodes (10 species). The results were discussed on light of other works. PMID:19209769

El Kady, Gamal A; Gheneam, Yousr Mosleh; Bahgat, Iman M

2008-12-01

398

The emotional economy of housing   

E-print Network

This paper offers an interpretation of the role of emotions in animating housing markets which complements more traditional economic and behavioural studies of locally based house-price inflation. Looking to debates within ...

Christie, H.; Smith, S.J.; Munro, M.

2008-10-01

399

Divergent patterns of breakpoint reuse in Muroid rodents.  

PubMed

Multiple Genome Rearrangement (MGR) analysis was used to define the trajectory and pattern of chromosome rearrangement within muroid rodents. MGR was applied using 107 chromosome homologies between Mus, Rattus, Peromyscus, the muroid sister taxon Cricetulus griseus, and Sciurus carolinensis as a non-Muroidea outgroup, with specific attention paid to breakpoint reuse and centromere evolution. This analysis revealed a high level of chromosome breakpoint conservation between Rattus and Peromyscus and indicated that the chromosomes of Mus are highly derived. This analysis identified several conserved evolutionary breakpoints that have been reused multiple times during karyotypic evolution in rodents. Our data demonstrate a high level of reuse of breakpoints among muroid rodents, further supporting the "Fragile Breakage Model" of chromosome evolution. We provide the first analysis of rodent centromeres with respect to evolutionary breakpoints. By analyzing closely related rodent species we were able to clarify muroid rodent karyotypic evolution. We were also able to derive several high-resolution ancestral karyotypes and identify rearrangements specific to various stages of Muroidea evolution. These data were useful in further characterizing lineage-specific modes of chromosome evolution. PMID:20033182

Mlynarski, E E; Obergfell, C J; O'Neill, M J; O'Neill, R J

2010-02-01

400

Navigating actions through the rodent parietal cortex  

PubMed Central

The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) participates in a manifold of cognitive functions, including visual attention, working memory, spatial processing, and movement planning. Given the vast interconnectivity of PPC with sensory and motor areas, it is not surprising that neuronal recordings show that PPC often encodes mixtures of spatial information as well as the movements required to reach a goal. Recent work sought to discern the relative strength of spatial vs. motor signaling in PPC by recording single unit activity in PPC of freely behaving rats during selective changes in either the spatial layout of the local environment or in the pattern of locomotor behaviors executed during navigational tasks. The results revealed unequivocally a predominant sensitivity of PPC neurons to locomotor action structure, with subsets of cells even encoding upcoming movements more than 1 s in advance. In light of these and other recent findings in the field, I propose that one of the key contributions of PPC to navigation is the synthesis of goal-directed behavioral sequences, and that the rodent PPC may serve as an apt system to investigate cellular mechanisms for spatial motor planning as traditionally studied in humans and monkeys. PMID:24860475

Whitlock, Jonathan R.

2014-01-01

401

Assessing Spatial Learning and Memory in Rodents  

PubMed Central

Maneuvering safely through the environment is central to survival of almost all species. The ability to do this depends on learning and remembering locations. This capacity is encoded in the brain by two systems: one using cues outside the organism (distal cues), allocentric navigation, and one using self-movement, internal cues and nearby proximal cues, egocentric navigation. Allocentric navigation involves the hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and surrounding structures; in humans this system encodes allocentric, semantic, and episodic memory. This form of memory is assessed in laboratory animals in many ways, but the dominant form of assessment is the Morris water maze (MWM). Egocentric navigation involves the dorsal striatum and connected structures; in humans this system encodes routes and integrated paths and, when overlearned, becomes procedural memory. In this article, several allocentric assessment methods for rodents are reviewed and compared with the MWM. MWM advantages (little training required, no food deprivation, ease of testing, rapid and reliable learning, insensitivity to differences in body weight and appetite, absence of nonperformers, control methods for proximal cue learning, and performance effects) and disadvantages (concern about stress, perhaps not as sensitive for working memory) are discussed. Evidence-based design improvements and testing methods are reviewed for both rats and mice. Experimental factors that apply generally to spatial navigation and to MWM specifically are considered. It is concluded that, on balance, the MWM has more advantages than disadvantages and compares favorably with other allocentric navigation tasks. PMID:25225309

Vorhees, Charles V.; Williams, Michael T.

2014-01-01

402

Mother–Pup Interactions: Rodents and Humans  

PubMed Central

In order to survive after birth, mammalian infants need a caretaker, usually the mother. Several behavioral strategies have evolved to guarantee the transition from a period of intense caregiving to offspring independence. Here, we examine a selection of literature on the genetic, epigenetic, physiological, and behavioral factors relating to development and mother–infant interactions. We intend to show the utility of comparisons between rodent and human models for deepening knowledge regarding this key relationship. Particular attention is paid to the following factors: the distinct developmental stages of the mother–pup relationship as relating to behavior; examples of key genetic components of mammalian mother–infant interactions, specifically those coding for the hormones oxytocin and vasopressin; and the possible functions of gene imprinting in mediating interactions between genetics and environment in the mother–infant relationship. As early mother–infant attachment seems to establish the basic parameters for later social interactions, ongoing investigations in this area are essential. We propose the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in order to better understand the network of genes, gene regulation, neuropeptide action, physiological processes, and feedback loops essential to understand the complex behaviors of mother–infant interaction. PMID:24616713

Lucion, Aldo B.; Bortolini, Maria Cátira

2014-01-01

403

Public Policy Institute of California: Map Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Public Policy Institute of California provides timely research papers and policy briefs on various issues affecting the Golden State, including those related to public education financing, economic development, immigration, and transportation. As of late, they have also been beefing up their online map room area, which is a great resource for those with an interest in policy matters, geography, and urban studies. The interactive maps here are divided into four categories, including housing, population, water, and environment. With each map, visitors can click through to learn about different details and features, and many of the maps have additional layers of data as well. Perhaps the most interesting maps here include "Inland Empire Demographics: 2005 and 2015" and "Home Affordability in California's Counties".

404

Discharge Policies in Senior Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elderly housing has become a special concept in which level of activity, social support, and social integration may be more important than square footage or closet space. An increased concern among housing specialists has been the ability of traditional senior housing to meet the needs of frail tenants who have "aged in place." As tenants survive…

Sheehan, Nancy W.; Wisensale, Steven

405

Housing for Migrant Agricultural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist the producer in meeting the housing regulations of Federal, state, and local governments for migratory workers and thereby to attract better labor through adequate housing, this agricultural handbook contains discussions of the migrant-labor situation; regulations and standards; general housing considerations (i.e., length of…

Simons, J. W.; And Others

406

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY HOUSING  

E-print Network

authorize University Housing to bill my Arizona State University student account for these charges. IARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY HOUSING Request for Phone Line Activation Academic Year 2010 - 2011 I have been assigned to a space in an on-campus residence hall and request University Housing

Rhoads, James

407

University California, Irvine Student Housing  

E-print Network

University California, Irvine Student Housing An Inten onal Residen al Life Programming. Mission In fulfillment of Student Housing's Vision to serve as a "Gateway to Success" for students for engagement on the campus, and interact and learn from the diverse popula ons found within Student Housing

Loudon, Catherine

408

TUESDAYTUESDAY Class Room Time  

E-print Network

Indoor Cycling 1110 6:30-7:30pm Judo 2040 7:00-9:00pm WEDNESDAYWEDNESDAY Class Room Time Bootcamp 2015 12:00-1:00pm CoreX 2025 5:15-5:45pm Yoga 2015 5:15-6:15pm Bootcamp 2015 6:30-7:30pm Judo 2040 7:00-9:00pm 12:15-12:45pm Bootcamp 2015 5:15-6:15pm Judo 2040 7:00-9:00pm No Classes:No Classes: Monday, May 26

Hemmers, Oliver

409

John Milton Reading Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A collaborative project between Thomas Luxon, associate professor of English at Dartmouth College, and his students, the Milton Reading Room offers most of Milton's major poetry in English, including Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained, "On the Morning of Christ's Nativity," Samson Agonistes, and "Lycidas;" and selected major prose works, including Areopagitica, The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce, Of Education, and The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates. The texts include framed annotations that link to reference materials, such as sources of literary allusions and historical background, as well as gloss archaic words or uses. Researchers in Milton studies will find the extensive bibliography of recent secondary literature especially helpful.

410

Effects of Housing Condition and Cage Change on Characteristics of Sleep in Mice  

PubMed Central

Although human subjects are widely used to study sleep and sleep disorders, animals have been invaluable in developing our understanding of the physiology of sleep and underlying mechanisms of sleep disorders. Environmental stimuli are likely to modify sleep in both animals and people, suggesting that environmental stability must be controlled carefully by both husbandry and research staff to allow collection of valid results with minimal numbers of animals. However, few studies have measured the effects of cage condition on sleep parameters in mice. Current guidelines recommend social housing and environmental enrichment for standard rodent housing. Environmental factors such as these create potential confounds in studies for which facets of sleep are outcome measures. We therefore sought to determine whether cage changes, group housing, or single housing with a shelter altered measures of sleep in C57BL/6J mice. The resulting data indicate that 1) cage changing disrupts sleep for approximately 3 h; 2) group housing is associated with shorter bouts of rapid-eye-movement sleep (REMS) and less slow-wave sleep (SWS) during the light phase and with more REMS during the dark phase; and 3) mice housed with a shelter spend less time awake and more time in SWS, with longer bouts of SWS during the dark phase. In additional, both group housing and housing with a shelter were associated with less locomotor activity than occurred in individually housed mice without a shelter. These findings provide evidence for long-held beliefs that housing conditions must be controlled carefully in studies that require assessment of sleep. PMID:24411777

Febinger, Heidi Y; George, Amrita; Priestley, Jill; Toth, Linda A; Opp, Mark R

2014-01-01

411

ROOMS & AUDIO/VISUAL DESCRIPTIONS Columbia Community Partnership for Health (CCPH) has several rooms of varying size and purpose to accommodate a  

E-print Network

facilitates the transfer of audio file(s) to a computer. INTERNET AND WI-FI If internet access is required and activities. Conference seating: 8 Classroom Seating: 8 Theater Seating: 20 Flat Screen TV DVD PC Input-house activities. Meeting rooms are equipped with different technology, including computer stations, PC inputs

Grishok, Alla

412

12. EXTERIOR VIEW OF NEW FAN HOUSE LOOKING WEST The ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. EXTERIOR VIEW OF NEW FAN HOUSE LOOKING WEST The engine room with the cylinder head of the Corliss steam visible through the open door is on the left (south). The metal updraft chimney is in the center and part of the airway, with a door leading into an airlock, is on the right. - Dorrance Colliery Fan Complex, South side of Susquehanna River at Route 115 & Riechard Street, Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, PA

413

Measured Natural Cooling Enhancement of a While House Fan  

E-print Network

are much closer to comfortable levels. mean L Room Temp mean Kitcnen Ten[) o mean Slag Temo mean Am0 Temo Figure 4. Average Main Zone and Kitchen Temps: Natural Ventilation WHOLE HOUSE VENTILATION These data indicate that forced ventilation... themselves to a meaningful comparison. REFERENCES I. Shrode, W., et al., 1975. Patterns of Energy Consum~tion in Florida: 1960- 1972, Florida Energy Committee, Tallahassee, FL. 2. SRC, 1992. Electricity Conservation and Ener~y Efficiency in Florida...

Parker, D. S.

1994-01-01

414

Characterization of Lipopolysaccharides Present in Settled House Dust  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OHFAs) in lipopolysaccharides (LPS) play an important role in determining endotoxin activity, and childhood exposure to endotoxin has recently been associated with reduced risk of atopic diseases. To characterize the 3-OHFAs in house dust (HD), we used gas chromatography-mass spec- trometry to assay 190 HD samples. Dust from beds, bedroom floors, family rooms, and kitchen floors

Ju-Hyeong Park; Bogumila Szponar; Lennart Larsson; Diane R. Gold; Donald K. Milton

2004-01-01

415

4. Credit USAF, ca. 1945. Original housed in the Muroc ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Credit USAF, ca. 1945. Original housed in the Muroc Flight Test Base, Unit History, 1 September 1942 - 30 June 1945. Alfred F. Simpson Historical Research Agency. United States Air Force. Maxwell AFB, Alabama. Photographic copy of photograph captioned "Hangar No. 2 Hydraulics Room." Location within Building 4402 not determined. - Edwards Air Force Base, North Base, Hangar No. 2, First & A Streets, Boron, Kern County, CA

416

This Old House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Summer certainly isn't a bad time to start a new home (or apartment) improvement project, whether it be a gut rehab or just fixing a wobbly toilet seat. Fortunately, the This Old House television program website is a good place to look for a wide range of information about just such endeavors. While the site certainly has a number of advertisements on it, there is still a good deal of very reliable content for use by the general public. The homepage contains a number of "Improvement Highlights", ranging from how to install a garage floodlight to how to tile a floor. Of course, most users will also want to check out some video highlights from the popular television show. Users may also want to submit a question for consideration by the This Old House staff.

417

UNESCO MOST Clearing House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MOST Clearing House site, provided by UNESCO's Management of Social Transformations Programme, promotes international comparative social science research. "The overall long-term objective of MOST is to establish sustainable links between the scientific and policy communities and to emphasize the relevance of social science research for policy-formulation." The site offers up-to-date information on current projects, publications, and activities of the Programme. Present topics include poverty and social exclusion, growing up in cities, and public policy and ethnic conflict. The strongest feature of the site is the "Best Practices" databank, which aims to "create a bridge between empirical solutions, research and policy-makers" by offering information and links to programs around the world that have introduced creative and sustainable responses to social and environmental problems. Additional features of this site include an internal search engine, an e-mail announcement service, and a reference service providing links to the partners in the Clearing House Network.

418

Science House: Countertop Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page features a collection of more than 30 experiments for elementary and secondary science classrooms, all culled from teacher training workshops by The Science House. Each lab introduces a topic in a real-world context: for example, students make ice cream as they experiment with adding solutes to lower the freezing point of a solvent. Topics include conservation of mass, chemical reactions, density, radioactive decay, chromatography, gas properties, and more. The Science House is a project based at North Carolina State University. It sponsors teacher training programs, curriculum development, web-based experiments for use in K-12 classrooms, long-term loans of laboratory equipment, summer student research programs, and community outreach.

2011-04-29

419

Housing equity for health equity: a rights-based approach to the control of Lassa fever in post-war Sierra Leone.  

PubMed

Poor quality housing is an infringement on the rights of all humans to a standard of living adequate for health. Among the many vulnerabilities of those without adequate shelter is the risk of disease spread by rodents and other pests. One such disease is Lassa fever, an acute and sometimes severe viral hemorrhagic illness endemic in West Africa. Lassa virus is maintained in the rodent Mastomys natalensis, commonly known as the "multimammate rat," which frequently invades the domestic environment, putting humans at risk of Lassa fever. The highest reported incidence of Lassa fever in the world is consistently in the Kenema District of Sierra Leone, a region that was at the center of Sierra Leone's civil war in which tens of thousands of lives were lost and hundreds of thousands of dwellings destroyed. Despite the end of the war in 2002, most of Kenema's population still lives in inadequate housing that puts them at risk of rodent invasion and Lassa fever. Furthermore, despite years of health education and village hygiene campaigns, the incidence of Lassa fever in Kenema District appears to be increasing. We focus on Lassa fever as a matter of human rights, proposing a strategy to improve housing quality, and discuss how housing equity has the potential to improve health equity and ultimately economic productivity in Sierra Leone. The manuscript is designed to spur discussion and action towards provision of housing and prevention of disease in one of the world's most vulnerable populations. PMID:23282054

Kelly, J Daniel; Barrie, M Bailor; Ross, Rachel A; Temple, Brian A; Moses, Lina M; Bausch, Daniel G

2013-01-01

420

Zero-Energy Housing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners investigate passive solar building design with a focus solely on heating. They learn how insulation, window placement, thermal mass, surface colors, and site orientation play important roles in passive solar heating. They use this information to design and build their own model houses, and test them for thermal gains and losses during a simulated day and night. Teams compare designs and make suggestions for improvements.

University of Colorado at Boulder

2007-01-01

421

Zero-Energy Housing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students investigate passive solar building design with a focus solely on heating. They learn how insulation, window placement, thermal mass, surface colors, and site orientation play important roles in passive solar heating. They use this information to design and build their own model houses, and test them for thermal gains and losses during a simulated day and night. Teams compare designs and make suggestions for improvements.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

422

Reroofing Your Uncle's House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive activity adapted from the Wisconsin Online Resource Center, students will "use mathematics and measuring skills to solve a construction problem." They will determine how many shingles are required to rerroof a house using common tools, and learn about the importance of planning and calculating necessary materials. The material is intended for students in grades 9-12.The lesson is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment and discussion questions. Users are encouraged to sign up for a free account.

423

Partial Rodent Genetic Models for Bipolar Disorder  

PubMed Central

Bipolar disorder (BPD) is a complex clinical phenomenon. This episodic illness comprises at least four features/components: depression, mania, vulnerability to mood swings in euthymic BPD patients, and spontaneous cyclicity in at least some BPD patients. Currently, there is no rodent genetic model capable of encompassing the whole phenotype of BPD exists; however, recent genetic-behavioral studies have delineated partial models for some components of BPD, namely, depression, mania, and vulnerability or resilience to mood swings. p11 knockout (KO), vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) heterozygous KO, and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) KO mice display anhedonia-like symptoms, and treatment with antidepressants rescues this anhedonia-related phenotype. Mutant CLOCK, glutamate receptor 6 (GluR6) KO, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (ERK1) KO mice exhibit mania-like behavioral clusters referred to as excessive behavioral excitement; at least some of the exhibited behaviors can be rescued through treatment with mood stabilizers or atypical antipsychotics. Neuronal glucocorticoid receptor (GR) overexpressing, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) heterozygous KO, and Bcl-2-associated athanogene (BAG1) heterozygous KO mice show vulnerability to mood swings. In contrast, neuronal BAG1 overexpressing mice display resilience to mood swings. These mutant mouse strains and the behavioral approaches used to characterize these strains offer an emerging set of research tools for the comprehensive understanding of various components of BPD, and the interrelation of these components at the molecular, cellular, and neuronal circuitry levels. These partial genetic models can also be used as complementary tools to augment other existing behavioral tests and paradigms in drug development for BPD. PMID:25236551

Chen, Guang; Henter, Ioline D.; Manji, Husseini K.

2015-01-01

424

Environmental Health Disparities in Housing  

PubMed Central

The physical infrastructure and housing make human interaction possible and provide shelter. How well that infrastructure performs and which groups it serves have important implications for social equity and health. Populations in inadequate housing are more likely to have environmental diseases and injuries. Substantial disparities in housing have remained largely unchanged. Approximately 2.6 million (7.5%) non-Hispanic Blacks and 5.9 million Whites (2.8%) live in substandard housing. Segregation, lack of housing mobility, and homelessness are all associated with adverse health outcomes. Yet the experience with childhood lead poisoning in the United States has shown that housing-related disparities can be reduced. Effective interventions should be implemented to reduce environmental health disparities related to housing. PMID:21551378

2011-01-01

425

Present situation of house dust mites in Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt.  

PubMed

House dust mites are common inhalant allergens, which can precipitate atopic disease episodes. The present study revealed presence of four mites. These are Dermatophagoides farinae, D. pteronyssinus, Acheles gracilis and Ornithonyssus bacoti. Population densities of different live adult mites were investigated in different house habitats. In urban houses, pyroglyphid mites were the predominant in bedrooms and D. farinae was the most abundant. A. gracilis was more abundant in living rooms followed by D. farinae then D. pteronyssinus. A. gracilis was the most prevalent in kitchens. While in rural houses, O. bacoti was the most abundant species followed by pyroglyphid mites. Since Dermatophagoides species and A. gracilis were present in numbers high enough to allow their ecological consideration, their seasonal abundance in urban bed-rooms was investigated and revealed that both D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus have two peaks of abundance, one slightly higher in spring and the second in autumn. A. gracilis has two peaks but the higher occurred in autumn and the second in spring. PMID:16605105

El-Shazly, Atef M; El-Beshbishi, Samar N; Azab, Manar S; El-Nahas, Hala A; Soliman, Mohamed E; Fouad, Mahmoud A H; Monib, Mohammad El-Salahy M M

2006-04-01

426

Musical Monuments for the Country House: Music, Collection, and Display at Tatton Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses the Library and Music Room at Tatton Park, Cheshire, to investigate how music collection by women fits into broader patterns of book acquistion and display c.1800, and how their activities influenced aspects of country-house design. It shows how women's music-making and its representation in the country house contributed both to new images of elite domesticity and to

Jeanice Brooks

2010-01-01

427

Musical Monuments for the Country House: Music, Collection, and Display at Tatton Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This study uses the Library and Music Room at Tatton Park, Cheshire, to investigate how music collection by women fits into broader patterns of book acquistion and display c.1800, and how their activities influenced aspects of country-house design. It shows how women's music-making and its representation in the country house contributed both to new images of elite domesticity and to

Jeanice Brooks

2010-01-01

428

Rodent outbreaks in Australia: mouse plagues in cereal crops 225 Rodent outbreaks in Australia: mouse  

E-print Network

, the Netherlands, or France and would therefore probably be Mus domesti- cus (= Mus musculus domesticus) rather than Mus musculus musculus (which occurs further west in Europe) (Sage et al 1993, Payseur and Nachman 2005). These plagues of house mice, Mus domesticus, are a significant problem to agricultural areas

Krebs, Charles J.

429

CEBAF Control Room Renovation  

SciTech Connect

The Machine Control Center at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

2005-05-01

430

Petroleum Systems Data Room  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Petroleum Systems Data Room Web site is provided by Oil Tracers L.L.C. Visitors have access to several databases including the Oil Library, which is a searchable database of information on more than 30,000 oil samples owned by various analytical laboratories around the world. The other main product of the site is a database that "contains over 10,000 petroleum geochemistry-related citations and is a searchable reference list for over 300,000 pages of petroleum geochemistry literature drawn from hundreds of sources" called OilRef. The other free reference (after registering) is a petroleum dictionary and encyclopedia, rounding out this easy-to-use and very helpful set of recourses.

431

Binaural room simulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In every-day listening the auditory event perceived by a listener is determined not only by the sound signal that a sound emits but also by a variety of environmental parameters. These parameters are the position, orientation and directional characteristics of the sound source, the listener's position and orientation, the geometrical and acoustical properties of surfaces which affect the sound field and the sound propagation properties of the surrounding fluid. A complete set of these parameters can be called an Acoustic Environment. If the auditory event perceived by a listener is manipulated in such a way that the listener is shifted acoustically into a different acoustic environment without moving himself physically, a Virtual Acoustic Environment has been created. Here, we deal with a special technique to set up nearly arbitrary Virtual Acoustic Environments, the Binaural Room Simulation. The purpose of the Binaural Room Simulation is to compute the binaural impulse response related to a virtual acoustic environment taking into account all parameters mentioned above. One possible way to describe a Virtual Acoustic Environment is the concept of the virtual sound sources. Each of the virtual sources emits a certain signal which is correlated but not necessarily identical with the signal emitted by the direct sound source. If source and receiver are non moving, the acoustic environment becomes a linear time-invariant system. Then, the Binaural Impulse Response from the source to a listener' s eardrums contains all relevant auditory information related to the Virtual Acoustic Environment. Listening into the simulated environment can easily be achieved by convolving the Binaural Impulse Response with dry signals and representing the results via headphones.

Lehnert, H.; Blauert, Jens; Pompetzki, W.

1991-01-01

432

Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in urban rodents: a survey in Niamey, Niger  

PubMed Central

A serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii was conducted on 766 domestic and peridomestic rodents from 46 trapping sites throughout the city of Niamey, Niger. A low seroprevalence was found over the whole town with only 1.96% of the rodents found seropositive. However, differences between species were important, ranging from less than 2% in truly commensal Mastomys natalensis, Rattus rattus and Mus musculus, while garden-associated Arvicanthis niloticus displayed 9.1% of seropositive individuals. This is in line with previous studies on tropical rodents - that we reviewed here - which altogether show that Toxoplasma seroprevalence in rodent is highly variable, depending on many factors such as locality and/or species. Moreover, although we were not able to decipher statistically between habitat or species effect, such a contrast between Nile grass rats and the other rodent species points towards a potentially important role of environmental toxoplasmic infection. This would deserve to be further scrutinised since intra-city irrigated cultures are extending in Niamey, thus potentially increasing Toxoplasma circulation in this yet semi-arid region. As far as we are aware of, our study is one of the rare surveys of its kind performed in Sub-Saharan Africa and the first one ever conducted in the Sahel. PMID:23828008

Mercier, Aurélien; Garba, Madougou; Bonnabau, Henri; Kane, Mamadou; Rossi, Jean-Pierre; Dardé, Marie-Laure; Dobigny, Gauthier

2013-01-01

433

Fibroblasts from long-lived rodent species exclude cadmium.  

PubMed

Resistance to the lethal effects of cellular stressors, including the toxic heavy metal cadmium (Cd), is characteristic of fibroblast cell lines derived from long-lived bird and rodent species, as well as cell lines from several varieties of long-lived mutant mice. To explore the mechanism of resistance to Cd, we used inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy to measure the rate of Cd uptake into primary fibroblasts of 15 rodent species. These data indicate that fibroblasts from long-lived rodent species have slower rates of Cd uptake from the extracellular medium than those from short-lived species. In addition, fibroblasts from short-lived species export more zinc after exposure to extracellular Cd than cells from long-lived species. Lastly, fibroblasts from long-lived rodent species have lower baseline concentrations of two redox-active metals, iron and copper. Our results suggest that evolution of longevity among rodents required adjustment of cellular properties to alter metal homeostasis and to reduce the toxic effects of heavy metals that accumulate over the course of a longer life span. PMID:24522391

Dostál, Lubomír; Kohler, William M; Penner-Hahn, James E; Miller, Richard A; Fierke, Carol A

2015-01-01

434

Thieving rodents as substitute dispersers of megafaunal seeds  

PubMed Central

The Neotropics have many plant species that seem to be adapted for seed dispersal by megafauna that went extinct in the late Pleistocene. Given the crucial importance of seed dispersal for plant persistence, it remains a mystery how these plants have survived more than 10,000 y without their mutualist dispersers. Here we present support for the hypothesis that secondary seed dispersal by scatter-hoarding rodents has facilitated the persistence of these large-seeded species. We used miniature radio transmitters to track the dispersal of reputedly megafaunal seeds by Central American agoutis, which scatter-hoard seeds in shallow caches in the soil throughout the forest. We found that seeds were initially cached at mostly short distances and then quickly dug up again. However, rather than eating the recovered seeds, agoutis continued to move and recache the seeds, up to 36 times. Agoutis dispersed an estimated 35% of seeds for >100 m. An estimated 14% of the cached seeds survived to the next year, when a new fruit crop became available to the rodents. Serial video-monitoring of cached seeds revealed that the stepwise dispersal was caused by agoutis repeatedly stealing and recaching each other’s buried seeds. Although previous studies suggest that rodents are poor dispersers, we demonstrate that communities of rodents can in fact provide highly effective long-distance seed dispersal. Our findings suggest that thieving scatter-hoarding rodents could substitute for extinct megafaunal seed dispersers of tropical large-seeded trees. PMID:22802644

Jansen, Patrick A.; Hirsch, Ben T.; Emsens, Willem-Jan; Zamora-Gutierrez, Veronica; Wikelski, Martin; Kays, Roland

2012-01-01

435

Effects of Lersivirine on Canine and Rodent Thyroid Function.  

PubMed

Lersivirine is a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) being developed for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Like other NNRTIs, lersivirine is a potent enzyme inducer in rodents capable of inducing a number of hepatic enzymes including those involved in its own metabolism. Preclinically lersivirine has been associated with hepatocellular hypertrophy and thyroid gland follicular cell hypertrophy in rats, mice, and dogs. In rodents, we show that development of thyroid hypertrophy is related to the classic mechanism, namely increased thyroxine (T4) clearance secondary to induction of uridine-diphosphoglucuronosyltransferase (UDPGT) in the liver and a resulting increase in thyroid-stimulating hormone. Similarly, lersivirine-exposed dogs exhibit a significant increase in hepatic UDPGT enzyme activity along with increased T4 clearance although clear effects on serum thyroid hormone levels were less apparent. These effects on thyroid hormonal clearance in the dog suggest that thyroid gland hypertrophy in this species is due to the same mechanism shown to occur in rodents although, as expected, dogs better adapt to these effects and therefore maintain relatively normal thyroid hormonal balance. It is also notable that the minimal thyroid follicular hypertrophy that occurs in dogs does not progress as is seen in rodents. As is the case with rodents, these adaptive changes in the dog are not considered indicative of a human health risk. PMID:24135463

Houle, Christopher D; Finch, Gregory L; Mauthe, Robert J; Potter, David M; Walisser, Jacqueline A; Gardner, Iain B; DeWit, Robert H

2013-10-16

436

Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in urban rodents: a survey in Niamey, Niger.  

PubMed

A serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii was conducted on 766 domestic and peridomestic rodents from 46 trapping sites throughout the city of Niamey, Niger. A low seroprevalence was found over the whole town with only 1.96% of the rodents found seropositive. However, differences between species were important, ranging from less than 2% in truly commensal Mastomys natalensis, Rattus rattus and Mus musculus, while garden-associated Arvicanthis niloticus displayed 9.1% of seropositive individuals. This is in line with previous studies on tropical rodents--that we reviewed here--which altogether show that Toxoplasma seroprevalence in rodent is highly variable, depending on many factors such as locality and/or species. Moreover, although we were not able to decipher statistically between habitat or species effect, such a contrast between Nile grass rats and the other rodent species points towards a potentially important role of environmental toxoplasmic infection. This would deserve to be further scrutinised since intra-city irrigated cultures are extending in Niamey, thus potentially increasing Toxoplasma circulation in this yet semi-arid region. As far as we are aware of, our study is one of the rare surveys of its kind performed in Sub-Saharan Africa and the first one ever conducted in the Sahel. PMID:23828008

Mercier, Aurélien; Garba, Madougou; Bonnabau, Henri; Kane, Mamadou; Rossi, Jean-Pierre; Dardé, Marie-Laure; Dobigny, Gauthier

2013-06-01

437

Ectoparasites of commensal rodents in Talkha Center, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt.  

PubMed

The ecto-parasites infesting commensally rodents were collected from the different localities in Talkha Center (Dakahlia Governorate) from April 2006 to March 2007. The seasonal abundance of rodent number and rat index was 52 (0.58) in spring, 27 (0.3) in summer, 39 (0.22) in autumn and 17 (0.05) in winter. From 135 rodent species and rat index was Rattus norvegicus N=33 (0.24), R. r. frugivorous N=39 (0.29); R. r. alexandrinus N=48 (0.36) and Mus musculus N=15 (0.11). From 388 ecto-parasite infested rodent collected number and ecto index was fleas N= 114 (0.84 flea/rat), Lice N=93 (0.69 lice/rat), Mites N = 165 (1.2 mite/rat) and larva of ticks N=16 (0.12 tick/rat). No doubt, rodents and their ectoparasites played a serious role in spreading and transmission of zoonotic diseases to human and animal. PMID:18383784

El Kady, Gamal A; El Shazly, Atef M; Mikhail, Micheal W; Bahgat, Iman M

2007-12-01

438

Housing quality, housing instability, and maternal mental health.  

PubMed

Poor housing conditions and residential instability have been associated with distress among women; however, this association could be the result of other social factors related to housing, such as intimate partner violence (IPV) and economic hardship. We examined associations of housing conditions and instability with maternal depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) while accounting for IPV and economic hardship in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N?=?2,104). In the third study wave, interviewers rated indoor housing quality, including housing deterioration (e.g., peeling paint and holes in floor) and housing disarray (e.g., dark, crowded, and noisy). Mothers reported whether they had moved more than twice in the past two years, an indicator of housing instability. A screening for depression and GAD was obtained from questions derived from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Short Form in the second and third study waves. IPV and economic hardship were assessed through questionnaire. In this sample, 16% of women were classified as having probable depression and 5% as having probable GAD. In adjusted analyses, mothers experiencing housing disarray (odds ratio [OR], 1.3 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.0, 1.7]) and instability (OR, 1.4 [95% CI, 1.2, 2.3]) were more likely to screen positive for depression. In addition, those experiencing housing instability were more likely to screen positive for GAD (OR 1.9 [95% CI, 1.2, 3.0]) even after adjusting for other social factors. No associations were noted between housing deterioration and maternal mental health. Similar associations were noted when incident cases of probable depression and GAD were examined. Housing instability and disarray, but not deterioration, are associated with screening positive for depression and generalized anxiety among women regardless of other social stressors present in their lives. Housing could potentially present a point of intervention to prevent mental health consequences among mothers and possibly their children. PMID:21647798

Suglia, Shakira Franco; Duarte, Cristiane S; Sandel, Megan T

2011-12-01

439

Hypergravity Effects on Rodent Pregnancy and Parturition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

No mammal has yet undergone birth, or parturition, in the microgravity of space. Previous studies (Ronco & Alberts, 2000) have shown that mid-pregnant rat dams exposed to spaceflight (0-g) and landed 48-72 hrs before term successfully delivered robust, healthy offspring Microgravity-exposed dams exhibited twice the expected numbers of labor contractions whereas length of pregnancy, duration of labor, fetal wastage, number of neonates born and litter gender ratios were identical to controls. In the present study, we report the results of rodent pregnancy and parturition at the opposite end of the gravity spectrum, in hypergravity. Dams exposed to either: 1.0-g, 1.5-g, 1.75-g or 2.0-g from Gestational day (G) 11 and throughout the births of their litters had comparable pregnancy and labor durations, fetal wastage, numbers of neonates born and litter Tender ratios. During parturition, hypergravity-exposed dams exhibited significantly fewer labor contractions as compared to 1.0-g controls. Dams that underwent birth in hypergravity had significantly fewer offspring surviving the immediate postpartum period (P1: 1.0-g, 11.92 +/- 2.84; 1.5-g, 10.88 +/- 2.17; 1.75-g, 9.22 +/-1.99; 2.0-g, 8.83 +/- 3.31). Within 24 hrs postpartum, neonatal survival was further diminished in hypergravity [P2: 100% (1.0-g); 96% (1.5-g); 96% (1.75-g); 73% (2.0-g)] and continued to decline (P10: 100%(1.0-g.); 90%(1.5-g); 87%(1.75-g), 40%(2.0-g)]. Neonatal losses stabilized by P5 for the 1.5-g andl.75-g conditions but continued until P9 for the 2.0-g condition. Together, these findings show that postnatal, but not prenatal, survival is compromised following birth in hypergravity, Maternal and neonatal factors that contribute to peri-parturitional vulnerability to altered gravity environments will be discussed.

Ronca, A. E.; Baer, L. A.; Mills, N. A.; Wade, C. E.; Dalton, Bonnie (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

440

Hepa room air purifier  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a portable air purification apparatus comprising a housing including a base portion and cover means, the base portion including an air deflection means and a plate means mounted in spaced relationship to the air deflection means so as to create a substantially continuous air exhaust opening therebetween. A centrifugal fan means is disposed between the plate means and the air deflection means and is mounted so as to direct air radially outwardly therefrom through the air exhaust opening, at least one opening through the plate means to permit air flow therethrough to the centrifugal fan means. The motor means carried by the base portion and extends upwardly with respect to the opening in the plate means, the motor means having drive shaft means for driving the centrifugal fan means. An air filter means is mounted between the base portion and the cover means so that air is drawn therethrough toward the centrifugal fan means, and a means for secures the cover means relative to the base means to thereby retain the air filter means therebetween.

Davis, G.B.

1986-12-16

441

Underground house book  

SciTech Connect

Aesthetics, attitudes, and acceptance of earth-covered buildings are examined initially, followed by an examination of land, money, water, earth, design, heat, and interior factors. Contributions made by architect Frank Lloyd Wright are discussed and reviewed. Contemporary persons, mostly designers, who contribute from their experiences with underground structures are Andy Davis; Rob Roy; Malcolm Wells; John Barnard, Jr.; Jeff Sikora; and Don Metz. A case study to select the site, design, and prepare to construct Earthtech 6 is described. Information is given in appendices on earth-protected buildings and existing basements; financing earth-sheltered housing; heating-load calculations and life-cycle costing; and designer names and addresses. (MCW)

Campbell, S.

1980-01-01

442

Rodents for comparative aging studies: from mice to beavers  

PubMed Central

After humans, mice are the best-studied mammalian species in terms of their biology and genetics. Gerontological research has used mice and rats extensively to generate short- and long-lived mutants, study caloric restriction and more. Mice and rats are valuable model organisms thanks to their small size, short lifespans and fast reproduction. However, when the goal is to further extend the already long human lifespan, studying fast aging species may not provide all the answers. Remarkably, in addition to the fast-aging species, the order Rodentia contains multiple long-lived species with lifespans exceeding 20 years (naked mole-rat, beavers, porcupines, and some squirrels). This diversity opens great opportunities for comparative aging studies. Here we discuss the evolution of lifespan in rodents, review the biology of slow-aging rodents, and show an example of how the use of a comparative approach revealed that telomerase activity coevolved with body mass in rodents. PMID:19424861

Bozzella, Michael J.; Seluanov, Andrei

2008-01-01

443

A Standardized Technique for Performing Thrombelastography in Rodents  

PubMed Central

Introduction Thrombelastography (TEG), employed in liver transplant and cardiac surgery for nearly 50 years, has recently been applied to the trauma setting. Rodents are employed widely for shock research, but are known to have differences in their coagulation system compared to humans. Consequently, the appropriate technique for performing TEG requires modification of the standard clinical protocol. Materials and Methods Thrombelastography (TEG) was performed with blood collected from the femoral artery of rodents, and technical modifications were tested to optimize results. Results Analysis of citrated whole blood using TEG revealed a more rapid onset of coagulation in rats compared to humans. The reference ranges of TEG parameters for Sprague-Dawley rats are detailed. Discussion Citrated native whole blood is the optimal TEG method in the assessment of coagulation in rodents. Investigators using TEG for research purposes should establish their own reference ranges in order to determine normal values for their target population. PMID:22005752

Wohlauer, Max V.; Moore, Ernest E.; Harr, Jeffrey; Gonzalez, Eduardo; Fragoso, Miguel; Silliman, Christopher C.

2011-01-01

444

Unexpected primitive rodents in the Quaternary of Argentina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes the first fossils recorded in the Hernandarias Formation (Pleistocene) in Entre Ríos province (eastern Argentina). They are represented by three teeth assigned to the caviomorph rodents (Rodentia, Mammalia) Aenigmys diamantensis gen. et sp. nov. and Eumysops. To establish the phylogenetic affinities of the two most enigmatic teeth, their enamel microstructure was studied. Aenigmys diamantensis is considered the most primitive taxon of a clade formed by Dinomyidae-Neoepiblemidae-Heptaxodontidae. Evidence of the close relationships among these families also is presented herein. The new fossils reinforce previous hypotheses about the survival of primitive Brazilian taxa after their extinction in the Pampas and Patagonia of southern South America. They also show that the diversity of caviomorph rodents during the Quaternary was greater than supposed and that an important Quaternary extinction, not previously detected, affected several lineages. With the available evidence, it is not possible to determine if these rodents indicate a warm pulse or a particular biogeographic situation in Entre Ríos.

Vucetich, María G.; Vieytes, Emma C.; Verzi, Diego H.; Noriega, Jorge I.; Tonni, Eduardo P.

2005-10-01

445

Anatomy of a Smart house  

SciTech Connect

The author describes the Gas Laboratory House in Bowie, MD. It is being built as a SMART HOUSE. This means it will contain a whole-house control system made up of communication chips, computer programs and microprocessor-based controllers. A single cable carries signals from the chips to many different types of appliances. Flexible gas piping forms a ''circulatory system'' that makes the house completely compatible with natural gas appliances. The SMART HOUSE is fully programmable so that appliances can be told when to turn on and off. It can also have a zoned space-conditioning system, allowing sections of the house to be heated or cooled independently. The authors explains how the system works and the project's development schedule.

Kennedy, L.

1988-07-01

446

17. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #105, mechanical equipment room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #105, mechanical equipment room no. 1; sign reads: Heat exchangers (shell and tube type). Provide precise temperature control of water for cooling critical electronic equipment - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

447

Building Chemistry 091 Room(s) 0227a, 0225  

E-print Network

) Investigate, document and report to the BACH Committee, significant chemical exposure or contamination1 CHEMICAL HYGIENE PLAN Building Chemistry 091 Room(s) 0227a, 0225 Department Geology Approved Chemical H #12;2 Table of Contents POLICY STATEMENT 3 EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERS 4 STANDARD OPERATING

Mcdonough, William F.

448

16. Bus Room (also known as Switch Gear Room), view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Bus Room (also known as Switch Gear Room), view to the southeast. An air circuit breaker compressor (visible in photograph number 2) was once attached to the main bus relay visible in the background of the photograph. - Washington Water Power Clark Fork River Cabinet Gorge Hydroelectric Development, Powerhouse, North Bank of Clark Fork River at Cabinet Gorge, Cabinet, Bonner County, ID

449

16. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #102, electrical equipment room; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #102, electrical equipment room; the prime power distribution system. Excellent example of endulum-types shock isolation. The grey cabinet and barrel assemble is part of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) retrofill project - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

450

Room Boundary Estimation from Acoustic Room Impulse Responses  

E-print Network

Room Boundary Estimation from Acoustic Room Impulse Responses Luca Remaggi, Philip J. B. Jackson impulse response (RIR), exploiting known sound propagation behavior, yields useful information for various robustness: DYPSA and MUSIC for epoch detection and direction of arrival (DOA) respectively are combined

Jackson, Philip JB

451

Synanthropic rodents as possible reservoirs of shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli strains  

PubMed Central

Shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are worldwide zoonotic pathogen responsible for different cases of human disease including hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Transmission of STEC to humans occurs through the consumption of food and water contaminated by faeces of carriers and by person-to-person contact. The objective of this study was two-fold: (1) to investigate whether synanthropic rodents are possible reservoirs of STEC in the urban area and (2) whether a particular genus out of synanthropic rodent is the principal carrier of STEC. One hundred and forty-five rodents were captured in Buenos Aires City. Screening for stx1/stx2 and rfbO157 was done by PCR from the confluence zone. STEC isolates were further characterized with biochemical tests by standard methods. Additional virulence factors (eae, ehxA, and saa) were also determined by PCR. Forty-one of the rodents were necropsied and sample of kidney and small and large intestine were taken for histopathological diagnosis. The samples sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and observed by light microscopy to evaluate the systemic involvement of these species in natural infections. STEC was isolated from seven out of 27 suspect animals at screening. The following genotypes were found in the STEC strains: stx1/stx2/ehxA (1), stx2 (4), stx2/ehxA (1), stx2/ehxA/eae (1). Neither gross nor microscopic lesions compatible with those produced by Shiga toxin were observed in the studied organs of necropsied rodents. The bivariate analysis including the 145 rodent's data showed that the isolation of STEC is associated positively to Rattus genus. This synanthropic species may play a role in the transmissibility of the agent thus being a risk to the susceptible population. Their control should be included specifically in actions to dismiss the contamination of food and water by STEC in the urban area, as additional strategies for epidemiological control. PMID:23125967

Blanco Crivelli, Ximena; Rumi, María V.; Carfagnini, Julio C.; Degregorio, Osvaldo; Bentancor, Adriana B.

2012-01-01

452

Abstract--We are developing robots for inspection of the under floor of houses. The developed robot system is reported in  

E-print Network

House Industry Co., Ltd., Nara 631-0801 Japan (e-mail: {p3005233, s-kitamura childish-toys, minamikawa, sleeping room, kitchen, bathroom etc.). Each area is connected via connecting hole as shown in Fig. 3

Ohya, Akihisa

453

Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism during activity in small rodents.  

PubMed

Analysis of oxygen consumption and lactic acid formation during five minutes of maximal activity by the rodents Microtus montanus (Cricetidae) and Dipodomys merriami (Hetermyidae) indicates that: (1) anaerobiosis provides approximately 10% of total energy utilized during the 5-minute activity period; (2) anaerobiosis may account for as much as one-third of total energy utilized during the first 30 seconds of activity. In addition, these data indicate at least one species of lizard may be capable of a higher total rate of metabolism during "burst" activity than are the rodents investigated here. PMID:381568

Ruben, J A; Battalia, D E

1979-04-01

454

Adiaspiromycosis of an Apodemus agrarius captured wild rodent in Korea  

PubMed Central

Adiaspiromycosis is caused by pulmonary infection with Emmonsia. Inhalated spores of Emmonsia cause asymptomatic infection to necrogranulomatous pneumonia, depending on the burden of adiaspore and host immunity. For disease monitoring of wild rodents captured on Jeju Island in Korea, we examined the lung tissue of wild rodents histopathologically. Spores composed of thick three-layered walls were found following histopathological examination and were diagnosed as adiaspiromycosis. Adiaspiromycosis has been found in mammals in many parts of the world. To our knowledge, this is the first report of adiaspiromycosis of an Apodemus agrarius captured in Korea. PMID:22474477

Kim, Tae-Hyoun; Han, Ju-Hee; Chang, Seo-Na; Kim, Dong-Su; Abdelkader, Tamer Said; Seok, Seung-Hyeok; Park, Jong-Hwan; Oh, Hong-Shik; Kim, Jong-Taek; Lee, Byoung-Hee; Shin, Jeong-Hwa; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Kim, Jong-Min

2012-01-01

455

Jane Addams Hull House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy Cityâ≢s West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

456

UTILITY ROOM. VIEW FACING WEST Camp H.M. Smith and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

UTILITY ROOM. VIEW FACING WEST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 7, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

457

Office of the Registrar University Heights 249 University Avenue Room 309  

E-print Network

of Financial Aid officer. DEAN'S SIGNATURE & DATE ARE YOU LIVING IN UNIV. HOUSING? YES_____ NO______ StudentsOffice of the Registrar University Heights · 249 University Avenue · Room 309 Newark, New Jersey 07102 (Tel) 973.353.5324 ­ (Fax) 973.353.1357 NOTIFICATION OF WITHDRAWAL FOR OFFICE USE ONLY Student

Lin, Xiaodong

458

INTERIOR OF LIVING/DINING ROOM. KITCHEN DOOR WITH DECORATIVE VISION PANEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR OF LIVING/DINING ROOM. KITCHEN DOOR WITH DECORATIVE VISION PANEL TO LEFT. VIEW FACING NORTHWEST. - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Housing Area Makalapa, Senior Officers' Quarters Type B, 23 Makalapa Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

459

Experimental and numerical VOC concentration field analysis from flooring material in a ventilated room  

E-print Network

Experimental and numerical VOC concentration field analysis from flooring material in a ventilated in a ventilated room. A field study has been conducted in the CSTB experimental house MARIA. Measurements were ventilation conditions. -Pinene was selected as tracer from flooring VOC emissions. Velocity and temperature

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Prevalence and diversity of Bartonella in rodents of northern Thailand: a comparison with Bartonella in rodents from southern China.  

PubMed

We report results of the first study to investigate the distribution and diversity of Bartonella in rodents from Thailand. Whole blood from 195 rodents, representing six species, was tested for the presence of Bartonella species using standard culture techniques. Isolates were obtained from 17 (8.7%) of the samples, and 14 of those isolates represented distinct strains, based upon partial sequencing of the citrate synthase (gltA) gene. Phylogenetic analysis of the isolates and other Bartonella species indicated that five unique isolates from Bandicota indica form a cluster that may represent a new Bartonella species. Two additional isolates from B. indica clustered together, and were nearly identical to an isolate from Apodemus draco collected in southern China. Importantly, a number of the isolates from Thailand rodents are closely related to B. grahamii and B. elizabethae, species which have been associated with human illness. PMID:15100459

Castle, Kevin T; Kosoy, Michael; Lerdthusnee, Kriangkrai; Phelan, Lori; Bai, Ying; Gage, Kenneth L; Leepitakrat, Warisa; Monkanna, Taweesak; Khlaimanee, Nittaya; Chandranoi, Kirkvich; Jones, James W; Coleman, Russell E

2004-04-01

461

77 FR 34263 - 2012-2014 Enterprise Housing Goals  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Low housing prices hurt existing homeowners...of interest rates, house prices, the overall housing market, manufactured housing...Prices. Trends in house prices influence the housing and mortgage markets....

2012-06-11

462

77 FR 67535 - 2012-2014 Enterprise Housing Goals  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Low housing prices impacted existing homeowners...of interest rates, house prices, the overall housing market, manufactured housing...prices. Trends in house prices influence the housing and mortgage markets....

2012-11-13

463

Terrace housing : providing quality in higher-density housing  

E-print Network

The higher demand of higher-density housing in Bangkok due to the rapid growth of the economy and the use of high-performance materials and modern construction methods has changed the forms of housing from low-rise buildings ...

Atthakor, Songpol

1992-01-01

464

1. Oil house, keeper's house, Southern Light Tower and Northern ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Oil house, keeper's house, Southern Light Tower and Northern Light Tower, view northwest, south and east sides - Kennebec River Light Station, South side of Doubling Point Road, off State Highway 127, 1.8 miles south of U.S. Route 1, Arrowsic, Sagadahoc County, ME

465

Computing the Deficiency of Housing Markets with Duplicate Houses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The model of a housing market, introduced by Shapley and Scarf in 1974 [14], captures a fundamental situation in an economy where each agent owns exactly one unit of some indivisible good: a house. We focus on an extension of this model where duplicate houses may exist. As opposed to the classical setting, the existence of an economical equilibrium is no longer ensured in this case. Here, we study the deficiency of housing markets with duplicate houses, a notion measuring how close a market can get to an economic equilibrium. We investigate the complexity of computing the deficiency of a market, both in the classical sense and also in the context of parameterized complexity.

Cechlárová, Katarína; Schlotter, Ildikó

466

The Economist Interactive: Global Housing Prices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive tool allows the user to view global housing prices by country and time frame, and housing price index, the percentage of change over time, housing price in real terms, house prices compared to rents, or house price against average income.

Economist, The

467

25 CFR 170.128 - Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible for IRR Program funding?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...128 Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible... Yes. IRR housing access roads and housing streets on public...rights-of-way are eligible for construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation...may include housing access roads and housing street...

2011-04-01

468

25 CFR 170.128 - Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible for IRR Program funding?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...128 Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible... Yes. IRR housing access roads and housing streets on public...rights-of-way are eligible for construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation...may include housing access roads and housing street...

2013-04-01

469

25 CFR 170.128 - Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible for IRR Program funding?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...128 Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible... Yes. IRR housing access roads and housing streets on public...rights-of-way are eligible for construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation...may include housing access roads and housing street...

2010-04-01

470

25 CFR 170.128 - Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible for IRR Program funding?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...128 Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible... Yes. IRR housing access roads and housing streets on public...rights-of-way are eligible for construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation...may include housing access roads and housing street...

2012-04-01

471

25 CFR 170.128 - Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible for IRR Program funding?  

...128 Are housing access roads and housing streets eligible... Yes. IRR housing access roads and housing streets on public...rights-of-way are eligible for construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation...may include housing access roads and housing street...

2014-04-01

472

Experiments on seed predation by rodents and ants in the Israeli desert  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilization of non-native seeds by seed-eating rodents and ants was studied experimentally in the field. It was found that patterns of granivory in the Israeli deserts are very similar to those reported for the same groups in the deserts of North America. Rodents are more efficient than ants at finding and harvesting seeds. Only rodents can find and harvest seeds

Zvika Abramsky

1983-01-01

473

Evidence for Higher Rates of Nucleotide Substitution in Rodents Than in Man  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the coding regions of 11 genes from rodents (mouse or rat) and man are compared with those from another mammalian species (usually bovine), it is found that rodents evolve significantly faster than man. The ratio of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the rodent lineage to that in the human lineage since their divergence is 2.0 for synonymous substitutions

Chung-I. Wu; Wen-Hsiung Li

1985-01-01

474

Charlie's House Marketing Communications Plan  

E-print Network

This is a marketing communications plan for the nonprofit organization, Charlie’s House. Located in Kansas City, MO, Charlie’s House works to provide in-home safety information and education for Kansas City area families. This plan will assist...

Patch, Aaron; Shoptaw, Carrie; Kopp, Melissa

2012-05-08

475

Segmentation in Urban Housing Markets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the hypothesis that urban housing markets are segmented, in the sense that significantly different prices per unit of housing services exist contemporaneously in spatially or structurally defined markets, is tested. A main conclusion is that the market is working fairly efficiently to eliminate price premiums and discounts.…

Schnare, Ann B.; Struyk, Raymond J.

1976-01-01

476

Urban Decline and Durable Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban decline is not the mirror image of growth, and durable housing is the primary reason the nature of decline is so different. This paper presents a model of urban decline with durable housing and verifies these implications of the model: (1) city growth rates are skewed so that cities grow more quickly than they decline; (2) urban decline is…

Glaeser, Edward L.; Gyourko, Joseph

2005-01-01

477

President's House Price's Fork Road  

E-print Network

President's House Price's Fork Road Inn at Virginia Tech and Skelton Conference Center HOKIE BIKE HUB Media Hall Cassell Coliseum Torgersen Hall Center For The Arts Dietrick Hall Rector Field House War Memorial Cowgill Hall Price Hall Life Sciences I Facility Hutcheson Hall Pritchard Hall Hancock Hall Lee Hall

Buehrer, R. Michael

478

The Tech House Program Directors  

E-print Network

The Tech House Program Directors: Collin DeWitt, 2013 College of Arts and Sciences Computer Science of all members. Further, we hope that Tech House will be a resource for newcomers and the experienced their everyday gadgets. This outreach might include (and is certainly not limited to) workshops, occasional tech

Hayden, Nancy J.

479

Queens College Louis Armstrong House  

E-print Network

a National Historic Landmark in 1977, six years after Armstrong's death. Designating the house a New York Satchmo -- was a world-renowned jazz musician, singer, entertainer, and film star. This modest brick travels, the house in Queens remained Armstrong's home base for nearly thirty years until his death

Rosen, Jay

480

Housing for Moderate Income Households.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes equity leasing, a program that enables people to acquire housing without an up-front investment but with an incentive to maintain and improve the property. Under this proposal, lessees would acquire a leasehold interest in a house and own the right to use the property for a continuously extended lease term. (JOW)

Brannigan, Vincent M.; Meeks, Carol B.

1991-01-01

481

Climate Kids: Tiny House Fun  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Houses, some with floor space of less then 100 square feet, can leave a small carbon footprint. This article describes those "tiny houses," and gives additional reasons some people choose to live in them. Photos of several are included. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

2013-11-26

482

New Trends in Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the influence of residence halls in supporting a college's admissions and recruiting process for attracting highly qualified students. It explores the trends in student housing needs and how a school can meet those needs, and examines possible funding solutions for dormitory renovations. Recommendations for developing housing strategies…

Koch, David; Wesse, David; Stickney, Robert

1999-01-01

483

Haplosporangium in an Additional Rodent Host, Microtus pennsylvanicus Drummondi  

Microsoft Academic Search

SINCE 1942 1, there has been an increase in the number of reports on haplomycosis in rodents and other animals trapped in the United States, Canada and England. Two recent reports from Canada and Sweden describing further isolations of the causative organism Haplosporangium were those published by Bakerspigel2 and Jellison3.

A. Bakerspigel

1957-01-01

484

Interspecific competition in small rodents: from populations to individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of interspecific competition in shaping animal and plant communities has formed one of the major issues in ecology for decades. Small mammals, mainly rodents, have been among the model systems used for research on interspecific competition. Most studies within small mammal systems in the past have examined effects of competition on population attributes such as on population size,

Jana A. Eccard; Hannu Ylönen

2003-01-01

485

Toxoplasmosis in Rodents: Ecological Survey and First Evidences in Thailand  

E-print Network

Toxoplasmosis in Rodents: Ecological Survey and First Evidences in Thailand Sathaporn Jittapalapong, which is the causative agent of toxoplasmosis. Therefore, they serve as intermediate hosts of T. gondii individuals captured tested positive, confirming the wide range of potential mammalian hosts of toxoplasmosis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

486

CONCENTRATED AMBIENT PARTICULATE STUDIES IN HEALTHY AND COMPROMISED RODENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

CONCENTRATED AMBIENT PARTICULATE STUDIES IN HEALTHY AND COMPROMISED RODENTS. WP Watkinson1, LB Wichers2, JP Nolan1, DW Winsett1, UP Kodavanti1, MCJ Schladweiler1, LC Walsh1, ER Lappi1, D Terrell1, R Slade1, AD Ledbetter1, and DL Costa1. 1USEPA, ORD/NHEERL/ETD/PTB, RTP, NC, US...

487

Neural representation of spatial topology in the rodent hippocampus.  

PubMed

Pyramidal cells in the rodent hippocampus often exhibit clear spatial tuning in navigation. Although it has been long suggested that pyramidal cell activity may underlie a topological code rather than a topographic code, it remains unclear whether an abstract spatial topology can be encoded in the ensemble spiking activity of hippocampal place cells. Using a statistical approach developed previously, we investigate this question and related issues in greater detail. We recorded ensembles of hippocampal neurons as rodents freely foraged in one- and two-dimensional spatial environments and used a "decode-to-uncover" strategy to examine the temporally structured patterns embedded in the ensemble spiking activity in the absence of observed spatial correlates during periods of rodent navigation or awake immobility. Specifically, the spatial environment was represented by a finite discrete state space. Trajectories across spatial locations ("states") were associated with consistent hippocampal ensemble spiking patterns, which were characterized by a state transition matrix. From this state transition matrix, we inferred a topology graph that defined the connectivity in the state space. In both one- and two-dimensional environments, the extracted behavior patterns from the rodent hippocampal population codes were compared against randomly shuffled spike data. In contrast to a topographic code, our results support the efficiency of topological coding in the presence of sparse sample size and fuzzy space mapping. This computational approach allows us to quantify the variability of ensemble spiking activity, examine hippocampal population codes during off-line states, and quantify the topological complexity of the environment. PMID:24102128

Chen, Zhe; Gomperts, Stephen N; Yamamoto, Jun; Wilson, Matthew A

2014-01-01

488

Effects of cerebral metabolic enhancers on brain function in rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of cerebral metabolic enhancers (indeloxazine, bifemelane, idebenone, and nicergoline) on reserpine-induced hypothermia, the immobility period in forced swimming tests, and passive avoidance learning behavior were compared with the effects of amitriptyline in rodents. Indeloxazine, bifemelane, and amitriptyline antagonized hypothermia in mice given reserpine. Indeloxazine and amitriptyline decreased the immobility period in mice in the forced swimming test in

Koichiro Takahashi; Minoru Yamamoto; Masanori Suzuki; Yukiko Ozawa; Takashi Yamaguchi; Hirofumi Andoh; Kouichi Ishikawa

1995-01-01

489

A mechanism for resource allocation among sympatric heteromyid rodent species  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory feeding experiments were conducted with Dipodomys ordii and Perognathus flavus in an attempt to discover a mechanism which might result in seed size selection. There was no marked difference in the proportions of four seed types collected whether the rodents foraged in the presence or absence of one another. However, analysis of the variability in weight of each of

Richard L. Hutto

1978-01-01

490

Temporal changes in a Chihuahuan Desert rodent community  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used time series analysis of ten years of monthly census data to assess the responses of both individual species and an entire community of rodents to a fluctu- ating desert environment. Autocorrelation analysis revealed different patterns of intra-annual fluctuation among the It species: Dipodomys spectabilis and Perog- nathus Jarus had pronounced annual cycles: D. ordii, D. merriaini, Chaetodipus penicillutu~,

James H. Brown; Edward J. Heske

1990-01-01

491

PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE (PFOS) DISRUPTS THE THYROID STATUS IN LABORATORY RODENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE (PFOS) DISRUPTS THE THYROID STATUS IN LABORATORY RODENTS. C. Lau, J.R. Thibodeaux, R.G. Hanson, B.E. Gray and J.M. Rogers. Reprod. Tox. Div. NHEERL, US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC. PFOS is an environmental contaminant ubiquitously found in h...

492

SHORT REPORT Open Access Optimizing the phenotyping of rodent ASD  

E-print Network

SHORT REPORT Open Access Optimizing the phenotyping of rodent ASD models: enrichment analysis spectrum disorders (ASD) in both forward and reverse genetic approaches. A recurrent focus has been on high-order behavioral analyses, including learning and memory paradigms and social paradigms. However, well

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

493

Andes Hantavirus Variant in Rodents, Southern Amazon Basin, Peru  

PubMed Central

We investigated hantaviruses in rodents in the southern Amazon Basin of Peru and identified an Andes virus variant from Neacomys spinosus mice. This finding extends the known range of this virus in South America and the range of recognized hantaviruses in Peru. Further studies of the epizoology of hantaviruses in this region are warranted. PMID:24447689

Tokarz, Rafal; Ghersi, Bruno M.; Salmon-Mulanovich, Gabriela; Guezala, M. Claudia; Albujar, Christian; Mendoza, A. Patricia; Tinoco, Yeny O.; Cruz, Christopher; Silva, Maria; Vasquez, Alicia; Pacheco, Víctor; Ströher, Ute; Guerrero, Lisa Wiggleton; Cannon, Deborah; Nichol, Stuart T.; Hirschberg, David L.; Lipkin, W. Ian; Bausch, Daniel G.; Montgomery, Joel M.

2014-01-01

494

Rodents and climate: A new model for estimating past temperatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the high correlation between species richness in sigmodontine rodents and temperatures, we propose a new model in order to quantify past climates. Because of the close phylogenetic relationship and the tooth morphological similarity between extant New World cricetids (Sigmodontinae) and fossil European cricetids (Cricetinae s.l.), extant New World sigmodontines are taken as analogues for Old World fossil cricetines.

Serge Legendre; Sophie Montuire; Olivier Maridet; Gilles Escarguel

2005-01-01

495

Ultrasonic attenuation imaging in a rodent thyroid cancer model  

E-print Network

Ultrasonic attenuation imaging in a rodent thyroid cancer model Omar Zenteno¹, William Ridgway over the last decades. Although advances in ultrasonic imaging have increased the malignancy detection rate, current ultrasonic imaging markers do not provide a sufficient level of diagnostic accuracy

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

496

Phylogeography and evolutionary history of rodent-borne hantaviruses.  

PubMed

Hantavirus (Family Bunyaviridae) are mostly associated to rodents and transmitted to man by inhalation of aerosolized infected excreta of these animals. The human infection by hantaviruses can lead to severe diseases such as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Asia and Europe, and pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in the Americas. To determine the origin, spreading and evolutionary dynamics of rodent-borne hantaviruses, 190 sequences of nucleoprotein (N) of hantaviruses identified in 30 countries, from 1985 to 2010, were retrieved from the GenBank and analyzed using the BEAST program. Our evolutionary analysis indicates that current genetic diversity of N gene of rodent-borne hantaviruses probably was originated around 2000 years ago. Hantavirus harbored by Murinae and Arvicolinae subfamilies, probably, were originated in Asia 500-700 years ago and later spread toward Siberia, Europe, Africa and North America. Hantavirus carried by Neotominae subfamily, probably, emerged 500-600 years ago in Central America and spread toward North America. Finally, hantaviruses associated to Sigmodontinae occurred in Brazil 400 years ago and were, probably, originated from Neotominae-associated virus from northern South America. These data offer subsidies to understand the time-scale and worldwide dissemination dynamics of rodent-borne hantaviruses. PMID:24287104

Souza, W M; Bello, G; Amarilla, A A; Alfonso, H L; Aquino, V H; Figueiredo, L T M

2014-01-01

497

Assessment of the use of selected rodents in ecological monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rodents can be useful in detecting environmental impacts because they are easy to study (easy to capture and handle), they can occur in densities adequate for statistical analysis, and they are ecologically important. In this study the usefulness of rodent populations for ecological monitoring was investigated by examining the effect of variation on the possibility of detecting differences among populations of rodents on 10 trapping grids. The effects of sampling frequencies and dispersal on detecting differences in population parameters among grids was also investigated, as was the possibility of inferring population parameters from correlations with habitat data. Statistically significant differences as small as 4.3 Peromyscus maniculatus/ha were detected between grids. Of 10 populations, this comprised 12% of the highest-density population and 44% of the lowest-density population. Smaller and more differences among grids were found by examining only animals surviving from previous months. Dispersal confounds detection of direct impacts to populations, especially during the breeding season. Infrequent sampling fails to detect impacts that occur between sampling periods and will indicate impacts when observed changes result from natural variation. Correlations between population parameters and habitat variables exist but should only be used in predicting, not measuring, impacts. It is concluded that some rodent populations can be used in ecological monitoring. However, intensive sampling is required to account for variation and dispersal.

Douglass, Richard J.

1989-05-01

498

Evaluation of two oral baiting systems for wild rodents.  

PubMed

Tetracycline hydrochloride (TC)-treated peanut butter or rodent chow baits were distributed during March 1990, on separate 0.53 ha sites in Oglethorpe County, Georgia (USA). Rodents were trapped on a control site prior to bait distribution and on two baited sites 6 days post-distribution. Cleaned skulls from euthanized mammals were grossly examined for TC fluorescence using an ultraviolet (UV) light. Mandibles were sectioned and examined for TC fluorescence using an ultraviolet light microscope. All 21 cotton rats (Sigmodon hispidus), four eastern harvest mice (Rithrodontomys humulis), and two golden mice (Ochrotomys nuttalli) captured on the control site were negative for TC fluorescence. On the peanut butter bait site, mandible sections from 29 of 32 (91%) cotton rats, three of three (100%) eastern harvest mice, two of three (66%) golden mice, zero of five (0%) white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus), one of three (33%) short-tailed shrews (Blarina brevicauda), and zero of two (0%) least shrews (Cryptotis parva) were positive for TC. Results from the rodent chow bait site indicated that 18 of 25 (72%) cotton rats, zero of three (0%) eastern harvest mice, two of seven (29%) golden mice, zero of four (0%) white-footed mice, and zero of four (0%) least shrews were positive for TC fluorescence in mandible sections. These results suggest that a large portion of a free-ranging small rodent population can be administered biological markers or vaccines using baits. PMID:9577787

Creekmore, T E; Fletcher, W O; Stallknecht, D E

1998-04-01

499

Neurobehavioral actions of coumestrol and related isoflavonoids in rodents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isoflavonoids are plant estrogens that are increasingly advocated as a natural alternative to estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) and are available as dietary supplements. As weak estrogen agonists\\/antagonists with a range of other enzymatic activities, the isoflavonoids provide a useful model for the actions of endocrine disruptors. This paper reviews the responses of rodents to diets containing coumestrol or an isoflavone

Patricia L Whitten; Heather B Patisaul; Larry J Young

2002-01-01

500

Robust Reproducible Resting State Networks in the Awake Rodent Brain  

PubMed Central

Resting state networks (RSNs) have been studied extensively with functional MRI in humans in health and disease to reflect brain function in the un-stimulated state as well as reveal how the brain is altered with disease. Rodent models of disease have been used comprehensively to understand the biology of the disease as well as in the development of new therapies. RSN reported studies in rodents, however, are few, and most studies are performed with anesthetized rodents that might alter networks and differ from their non-anesthetized state. Acquiring RSN data in the awake rodent avoids the issues of anesthesia effects on brain function. Using high field fMRI we determined RSNs in awake rats using an independent component analysis (ICA) approach, however, ICA analysis can produce a large number of components, some with biological relevance (networks). We further have applied a novel method to determine networks that are robust and reproducible among all the components found with ICA. This analysis indicates that 7 networks are robust and reproducible in the rat and their putative role is discussed. PMID:22028788

Becerra, Lino; Pendse, Gautam; Chang, Pei-Ching; Bishop, James; Borsook, David

2011-01-01