Sample records for ruptured vertebrobasilar fusiform

  1. Parent Vessel Occlusion for Vertebrobasilar Fusiform and Dissecting Aneurysms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Leibowitz; M. L. Marcellus; S. D. Chang; G. K. Steinberg; M. P. Marks

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous reports of outcome with permanent vessel occlu- sion (PVO) for large, giant, or fusiform aneurysms in the posterior circulation have been limited. We undertook this study to evaluate the perioperative (within 30 days) and follow-up outcomes for patients treated with permanent occlusion of the vertebral artery for vertebro- basilar fusiform and dissecting aneurysms. METHODS: Thirteen consecutive

  2. Persistent Aneurysm Growth Following Pipeline Embolization Device Assisted Coiling of a Fusiform Vertebral Artery Aneurysm: A Word of Caution!

    PubMed Central

    Kerolus, Mena; Lopes, Demetrius K.

    2015-01-01

    The complex morphology of vertebrobasilar fusiform aneurysms makes them one of the most challenging lesions treated by neurointerventionists. Different management strategies in the past included parent vessel occlusion with or without extra-intracranial bypass surgery and endovascular reconstruction by conventional stents. Use of flow diversion has emerged as a promising alternative option with various studies documenting its efficacy and safety. However, there are various caveats associated with use of flow diversion in patients with fusiform vertibrobasilar aneurysms especially in patients presenting with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We report a rare case of persistent aneurysmal growth after coiling and placement of the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; ev3, Irvine, California, USA) for SAH from a fusiform vertebral artery aneurysm. As consequences of aneurysm rupture can be devastating especially in patients with a prior SAH, the clinical relevance of recognizing and understanding such patterns of failure cannot be overemphasized as highlighted in the present case. PMID:25763295

  3. Platinum coil treatment of complex aneurysms of the vertebrobasilar circulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Numaguchi; P. H. Pevsner; D. Rigamonti; J. Ragheb

    1992-01-01

    Two patients with complex aneurysms of the vertebrobasilar system were treated using platinum coils. During these sessions, 22 coils were placed in a basilar tip aneurysm in a 48-year-old woman. Almost total occlusion of the lumen was achieved, excepted in the area from which the right posterior cerebral artery arose. A large fusiform vertebral artery aneurysm in a 6-year-old boy

  4. Workflow Optimization in Vertebrobasilar Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Kamper, Lars, E-mail: lars.kamper@helios-kliniken.de; Meyn, Hannes [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany); Rybacki, Konrad [University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Germany); Nordmeyer, Simone [St. Josef-Hospital Oberhausen, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (Germany); Kempkes, Udo; Piroth, Werner [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany); Isenmann, Stefan [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Neurology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany); Haage, Patrick [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany)

    2012-06-15

    Objective: In vertebrobasilar occlusion, rapid recanalization is the only substantial means to improve the prognosis. We introduced a standard operating procedure (SOP) for interventional therapy to analyze the effects on interdisciplinary time management. Methods: Intrahospital time periods between hospital admission and neuroradiological intervention were retrospectively analyzed, together with the patients' outcome, before (n = 18) and after (n = 20) implementation of the SOP. Results: After implementation of the SOP, we observed statistically significant improvement of postinterventional patient neurological status (p = 0.017). In addition, we found a decrease of 5:33 h for the mean time period from hospital admission until neuroradiological intervention. The recanalization rate increased from 72.2% to 80% after implementation of the SOP. Conclusion: Our results underscore the relevance of SOP implementation and analysis of time management for clinical workflow optimization. Both may trigger awareness for the need of efficient interdisciplinary time management. This could be an explanation for the decreased time periods and improved postinterventional patient status after SOP implementation.

  5. Meningiomas with Vertebrobasilar Artery Encasement

    PubMed Central

    Sekhar, Laligam N.; Javed, Tariq

    1993-01-01

    Seventeen patients with petroelival and foramen magnum meningiomas encasing the vertebral or basilar arteries and their branches were surgically excised over a 3-year period. All six cases with vertebral artery encasement were totally excised. One vertebral artery was occluded, one was repaired, and one was replaced with a vein graft. None of the patients had a permanent major neurologic deficit. In one patient with vertebral and basilar artery encasement, a hypoplastic vertebral artery was occluded and the tumor was totally excised. She had a transient worsening of hemiparesis, presumably due to the dissection of tumor from the brainstem. Among the ten patients with encasement of the basilar artery and branches, injury to the basilar artery occurred in two patients, both were repaired. Injuries to one superior cerebellar artery, one anterior inferior cerebellar artery, and one perforating vessel could not be repaired. Three patients sustained major neurologic deficits, but only in two did this result in permanent functional deterioration. Three of the ten patients had a gross total resection, five had subtotal resection (90% or more of tumor volume), and two had resection of 70% of the tumor volume. Eight patients had improvement in their Karnofsky scores. None showed recurrence or regrowth on follow-up ranging from 2 to 6 years. Greater difficulty with dissection was experienced in previously operated patients, and in patients who did not have an arachnoid plane between the brainstem and the tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging was the most useful preoperative test. It is concluded that meningiomas with vertebrobasilar artery encasement can be removed successfully with modern skull base surgery techniques. The surgeon needs to exercise caution and judgment in deciding how far the removal of these lesions should be pursued. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7Figure 8Figure 9Figure 10 PMID:17170896

  6. Vertebrobasilar Occlusive Disease: Review of Selected Aspects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis R. Caplan; Barbara Tettenborn

    1992-01-01

    The traditional teaching that embolism is a rare stroke mechanism in the posterior circulation has little basis in fact. We reviewed past reports of patients with documented arterial occlusions at various vertebrobasilar sites to seek both potential recipient and donor sites for embolism. We have prospectively collected over 100 patients with brainstem and cerebellar infarcts who have been intensively studied

  7. Time Management in Acute Vertebrobasilar Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Kamper, Lars, E-mail: lars.kamper@helios-kliniken.d [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany); Rybacki, Konrad [University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Germany); Mansour, Michael; Winkler, Sven B.; Kempkes, Udo; Haage, Patrick [University Hospital Witten/Herdecke, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal (Germany)

    2009-03-15

    Acute vertebrobasilar occlusion (VBO) is associated with a high risk of stroke and death. Although local thrombolysis may achieve recanalization and improve outcome, mortality is still between 35% and 75%. However, without recanalization the chance of a good outcome is extremely poor, with mortality rates of 80-90%. Early treatment is a fundamental factor, but detailed studies of the exact time management of the diagnostic and interventional workflow are still lacking. Data on 18 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Time periods between symptom onset, admission to hospital, time of diagnosis, and beginning of intervention were correlated with postinterventional neurological status. The Glasgow Coma Scale and National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) were used to examine patients before and after local thrombolysis. Additionally, multivariate statistics were applied to reveal similarities between patients with neurological improvement. Primary recanalization was achieved in 77% of patients. The overall mortality was 55%. Major complications were intracranial hemorrhage and peripheral embolism. The time period from symptom onset to intervention showed a strong correlation with the postinterventional NIHSS as well as the patient's age, with the best results in a 4-h interval. Multivariate statistics revealed similarities among the patients. Evaluation of time management in acute VBO by multivariate statistics is a helpful tool for definition of similarities in this patient group. Similarly to the door-to-balloon time for acute coronary interventions, the chances for a good outcome depend on a short time interval between symptom onset and intervention. While the only manipulable time period starts with hospital admission, our results emphasize the necessity of efficient intrahospital workflow.

  8. Bilateral vertebral artery balloon occlusion for giant vertebrobasilar aneurysms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Sluzewski; E. H. Brilstra; W. J. van Rooij; D. Wijnalda; C. A. F. Tulleken; G. J. E. Rinkel

    2001-01-01

    We describe the clinical presentation, radiological and clinical results in six consecutive patients with a giant vertebrobasilar\\u000a aneurysm treated by bilateral vertebral artery balloon occlusion. Five patients presented with headache and signs of brain-stem\\u000a compression and one with subarachnoid haemorrhage. In all patients vertebral artery balloon occlusion was performed. In four,\\u000a this followed successful test occlusion. In one patient, who

  9. Fusiform superior cerebellar artery aneurysm treated with STA-SCA bypass and trapping

    PubMed Central

    Lamis, Fabricio C.; De Paiva Neto, Manoel A.; Cavalheiro, Sergio

    2014-01-01

    Background: Fusiform aneurysms of cerebellar arteries are rare. Different surgical techniques to address these challenging lesions have been described, and their application depends on whether the goal is to maintain the flow in the parent vessel or to occlude it. Case Description: The authors reported a case of a fusiform aneurysm located in the lateral pontomesencephalic segment of the superior cerebellar artery (SCA) in a 32-year-old man who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The patient was subjected to aneurysm trapping followed by a bypass between the superficial temporal artery (STA) and SCA and had an uneventful recovery. Conclusions: Although only a few cases of fusiform aneurysms in the supracerebellar artery have been reported in the literature, the treatment strategies adopted were diverse. In selected cases of patients in good neurological condition with ruptured fusiform aneurysms at the proximal segments of SCA and who have poor evidence of collateral supply, the possibility of a STA-SCA bypass with aneurysm trapping must be considered. A review of the current treatment modalities of this pathology is also presented. PMID:25071936

  10. Acute Vertebrobasilar Territory Infarcts due to Heat Stroke.

    PubMed

    Jain, Rajendra Singh; Kumar, Sunil; Agarwal, Rakesh; Gupta, Pankaj Kumar

    2015-06-01

    Heat stroke is common in tropical country like India especially during the summer season. We report an unusual case of acute vertebrobasilar territory infarcts due to heat stroke. A middle-aged man developed hyperpyrexia (42.2°C) after strenuous fieldwork in a hot summer day. Next morning, he was found in altered sensorium. The brain imaging showed acute posteromedial midbrain and cerebellar infarcts. A diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke due to heat stroke was made, and the patient was put under the intensive care unit. Two weeks later, the patient became conscious, but had slurred speech and incoordination in all the 4 limbs. Six months after rehabilitation, the patient still have scanning speech and limb ataxia. Acute ischemic stroke worsened the prognosis in our patient. Acute infarct is a very rare neurologic manifestation of heat stroke. This case report emphasizes the importance of suspecting acute infarct in heat stroke patient. PMID:25891756

  11. Recurrent facial hemiparesis due to dolichoectatic vertebrobasilar artery: an unusual and ignored cause

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, Vijay Nath; Chaurasia, Rameshwar Nath; Gupta, Shailesh; Joshi, Deepika

    2013-01-01

    Dolichoectatic arteries are elongated tortuous aneurysms of intracranial arteries most commonly of vertebrobasilar tree presenting with ischaemic, haemorrhagic, thromboembolic lesions or with cranial nerve compression. The clinical presentation includes tic douloureux, neuralgia, tinnitus, vertigo, motor or sensory deficits, ataxia, dementia, Parkinsonism, hydrocephalus, headache, migraine, aneurysm, neoplasm, stroke/transient ischaemic attacks, leukoencephalopathy, central sleep apnoea and cerebellar dysfunctions. We present a case of recurrent facial nerve palsy secondary to vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia, an interesting and rare condition. PMID:23505276

  12. On (ab)normality: Einstein's fusiform gyrus.

    PubMed

    Weiner, Kevin S

    2015-03-01

    Recently, Hines (2014) wrote an evocative paper challenging findings from both histological and morphological studies of Einstein's brain. In this discussion paper, I extend Hines' theoretical point and further discuss how best to determine 'abnormal' morphology. To do so, I assess the sulcal patterning of Einstein's fusiform gyrus (FG) for the first time. The sulcal patterning of the FG was unconsidered in prior studies because the morphological features of the mid-fusiform sulcus have only been clarified recently. On the one hand, the sulcal patterning of Einstein's FG is abnormal relative to averages of 'normal' brains generated from two independent datasets (N = 39 and N = 15, respectively). On the other hand, within the 108 hemispheres used to make these average brains, it is not impossible to find FG sulcal patterns that resemble those of Einstein. Thus, concluding whether a morphological pattern is normal or abnormal heavily depends on the chosen analysis method (e.g. group average vs. individual). Such findings question the functional meaning of morphological 'abnormalities' when determined by comparing an individual to an average brain or average frequency characteristics. These observations are not only important for analyzing a rare brain such as that of Einstein, but also for comparing macroanatomical features between typical and atypical populations. PMID:25562419

  13. Vertebrobasilar Occlusion Presenting as Sudden Isolated Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Eunja; Son, Min-Ki; Kang, Chang-Ki

    2013-01-01

    Isolated bilateral deafness is a rare but possible symptom of vertebrobasilar ischemia, primarily due to occlusion of the anterior inferior cerebellar arteries or their branch, the internal auditory artery. We reported on uncommon case of sudden bilateral sensorineural hearing loss without typical neurological symptoms resulting from vertebrobasilar ischemia. We performed the available examinations, including otoscopy, laboratory tests, and pure tone audiogram, however we were not able to identify the cause of bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Brain magnetic resonance image showed the cerebellar infarction of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery territory. Brain magnetic resonance angiography showed bilateral vertebral and basilar artery occlusion. We suggest vertebrobasilar ischemia as a cause of sudden isolated deafness. PMID:24167804

  14. Endovascular Treatment of Supra-Aortic Extracranial Stenoses in Patients with Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency Symptoms

    SciTech Connect

    Zaytsev, A.Y., E-mail: cir-auz@mail.ru; Stoyda, A.Y.; Smirnov, V.E. [I.M. Setchenov Moscow Medical Academy, Department of Angiography and Interventional Radiology (Russian Federation); Scherbyuk, A.N. [I.M. Setchenov Moscow Medical Academy, Department of Vascular Surgery (Russian Federation); Kondrashin, S.A [I.M. Setchenov Moscow Medical Academy, Department of Angiography and Interventional Radiology (Russian Federation); Artukchina, E.G. [I.M. Setchenov Moscow Medical Academy, Department of Vascular Surgery (Russian Federation); Kikevitch, V.A. [N.N. Burdenko Interventional Radiology Center, Department of Angiography and Interventional Radiology (Russian Federation)

    2006-10-15

    Purpose. Stenoses and thromboses of vessels feeding the vertebrobasilar territory can evoke serious disturbances including ischemic stroke. We present our experience of endovascular interventions for patients with signs of vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) resulted from subclavian, vertebral and brachiocephalic arterial stenoses. Methods. Twenty-one patients (10 men) aged from 35 to 84 years (mean 64.3 years) with symptoms compatible with VBI underwent balloon angioplasty and stenting of subclavian (SA), innominate (IA) and vertebral (VA) arteries. Procedures were done by radiologists experienced in systematic stenting of the lesions. VBI was manifested by persistent signs in 15 patients, and by transitory ischemic attacks in the posterior circulatory territory in 4 (19%). Two patients (10%) experienced ischemic strokes (in the vertebrobasilar circulation in both cases). In 3 patients (14%) VBI was accompanied by upper limb vascular insufficiency symptoms. All cases were resistant to medical treatment. A neurologist assessed complaints, initial VBI signs and their alteration after intervention in all patients. Outcomes were measured with the 5-point scale suggested by Malek et al.: (1) excellent result (asymptomatic, no neurologic deficits and no symptoms of vertebrobasilar ischemia); (2) good (no neurologic deficits, at most one transient episode of vertebrobasilar ischemia over a period of 3 months after treatment); (3) fair (minimal neurologic deficit and at most one transient episode per month of vertebrobasilar ischemia); (4) poor (no improvement compared with neurologic status before treatment and/or persistent symptoms of vertebrobasilar ischemia); (5) death (regardless of cause). Endovascular treatment was performed for SA stenosis in 15 patients, for SA occlusion in 2, for IA stenosis in 2, and for VA stenosis in 2. There were 15 cases of atherosclerosis, 2 of aortoarteritis, 4 of proximal SA kinking. SA and IA stenoses ranged from 60% to 100% (mean 74.5%), VA stenoses were 90% in both cases. Results. Initial technical success was achieved in 96% of cases. There were no postprocedural complications or deaths. During 6-36 months (mean 21.3 months) of follow-up all patients showed improvement in VBI symptoms or upper limb ischemia. Within 36 months after the procedure outcomes were estimated as excellent and good in 13 patients (76%) and poor in 2 (12%), the last being attributed to atherosclerosis progression in other vascular areas. Restenosis in the stented area has developed in 1 patient (6%). Conclusions. Balloon angioplasty and stenting of extracranial vertebrobasilar arterial stenoses appeared to be effective in endovascular treatment of medically resistant VBI. Further investigations are required to clarify the role of subclavian artery kinking in VBI development and indications for various methods of its correction.

  15. Meningiomas with vertebrobasilar artery encasement: review of 17 cases.

    PubMed

    Sekhar, L N; Javed, T

    1993-01-01

    Seventeen patients with petroelival and foramen magnum meningiomas encasing the vertebral or basilar arteries and their branches were surgically excised over a 3-year period. All six cases with vertebral artery encasement were totally excised. One vertebral artery was occluded, one was repaired, and one was replaced with a vein graft. None of the patients had a permanent major neurologic deficit. In one patient with vertebral and basilar artery encasement, a hypoplastic vertebral artery was occluded and the tumor was totally excised. She had a transient worsening of hemiparesis, presumably due to the dissection of tumor from the brainstem. Among the ten patients with encasement of the basilar artery and branches, injury to the basilar artery occurred in two patients, both were repaired. Injuries to one superior cerebellar artery, one anterior inferior cerebellar artery, and one perforating vessel could not be repaired. Three patients sustained major neurologic deficits, but only in two did this result in permanent functional deterioration. Three of the ten patients had a gross total resection, five had subtotal resection (90% or more of tumor volume), and two had resection of 70% of the tumor volume. Eight patients had improvement in their Karnofsky scores. None showed recurrence or regrowth on follow-up ranging from 2 to 6 years. Greater difficulty with dissection was experienced in previously operated patients, and in patients who did not have an arachnoid plane between the brainstem and the tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging was the most useful preoperative test. It is concluded that meningiomas with vertebrobasilar artery encasement can be removed successfully with modern skull base surgery techniques. The surgeon needs to exercise caution and judgment in deciding how far the removal of these lesions should be pursued. PMID:17170896

  16. Spread of fusiform rust in Texas with Cronartium fusiforme and C. comptoniae comparisons 

    E-print Network

    Tisserat, Ned Andrew

    1978-01-01

    . Gross of the Canadian Forest Research Station, Ontario Canada. Samples of ~tom tooi ~et' r Sma md my ica da1e were provided by Iir. M. J. Iiaiter- scheidt and Dr. R. F. Ojala of Michigan State University and D. Bergdahl. The scanning electron... fusiforme Hedge. and Hunt ex Comm. was first recognized as a serious threat to the southern pine industry by Siggers and Lindgren in 1947 (42) when they reported 10-35K rust infection in several loblolly (Pinus taeda L. ) and slash pine (P. elliottii...

  17. Neurofibromatosis type 1 associated with vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia and pontine ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Giannantoni, Nadia Mariagrazia; Broccolini, Aldobrando; Frisullo, Giovanni; Pilato, Fabio; Profice, Paolo; Morosetti, Roberta; Di Lella, Giuseppe; Zampino, Giuseppe; Della Marca, Giacomo

    2015-05-01

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a heterogeneous, common, neurocutaneous disorder presenting different complications during a life span, including cerebrovascular dysplasia. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of NF1 associated with vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia and pontine ischemic stroke. We describe a 57-year-old man with NF1 who presented an acute onset right-sided facial palsy and hemiplegia, dysarthria, and gait imbalance. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an acute left paramedian pontine infarct and a hypoplastic right vertebral artery. Brain Computed Tomography Angiography revealed the occurrence of vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. Co-occurrence of VBD and NF1 might not be merely casual and it may significantly heighten the mortality rate in this multisystem disorder. We suggest a possible role of VBD in the genesis of our patient's clinical-radiological features and prompt the early detection of asymptomatic arteriopathy in individuals with NF1 in order to ameliorate patients' quality of life and life expectancy. PMID:25230986

  18. Three-Dimensional Computed Tomographic Angiography in Four Patients with Dissecting Aneurysms of the Vertebrobasilar System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Nakatsuka; S. Mizuno

    2000-01-01

    Summary  ¶?Background. Recently, three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (CTA) has been used for the diagnosis and treatment planning\\u000a of cerebral aneurysm presenting with or without subarachnoid haemorrhage, but the diagnostic value of CTA has not been established.\\u000a This study evaluated the usefulness of CTA in patients with dissecting aneurysms of the vertebrobasilar system.\\u000a \\u000a ?Method. Four patients with acute dissecting aneurysms were examined

  19. Uterine Rupture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon R. Sheehan; Deirdre J. Murphy

    \\u000a Uterine rupture may be defined as a disruption of the uterine muscle extending to and involving the uterine serosa or disruption\\u000a of the uterine muscle with extension to the bladder or broad ligament [1]. Uterine dehiscence is defined as disruption of\\u000a the uterine muscle with intact uterine serosa [1]. Uterine rupture is associated with severe maternal and perinatal morbidity\\u000a and

  20. Anatomical connectivity patterns predict face selectivity in the fusiform gyrus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kami Koldewyn; Gretchen Reynolds; John D E Gabrieli; Rebecca R Saxe; Zeynep M Saygin; David E Osher

    2011-01-01

    A fundamental assumption in neuroscience is that brain structure determines function. Accordingly, functionally distinct regions of cortex should be structurally distinct in their connections to other areas. We tested this hypothesis in relation to face selectivity in the fusiform gyrus. By using only structural connectivity, as measured through diffusion-weighted imaging, we were able to predict functional activation to faces in

  1. Hemodynamic Characteristics of the Vertebrobasilar System Analyzed Using MRI-Based Models

    PubMed Central

    Wake-Buck, Amanda K.; Gatenby, J. Christopher; Gore, John C.

    2012-01-01

    The vertebrobasilar system (VBS) is unique in human anatomy in that two arteries merge into a single vessel, and it is especially important because it supplies the posterior circulation of the brain. Atherosclerosis develops in this region, and atherosclerotic plaques in the vertebrobasilar confluence can progress with catastrophic consequences, including artery occlusion. Quantitative assessments of the flow characteristics in the VBS could elucidate the factors that influence flow patterns in this confluence, and deviations from normal patterns might then be used to predict locations to monitor for potential pathological changes, to detect early signs of disease, and to evaluate treatment options and efficacy. In this study, high-field MRI was used in conjunction with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling to investigate the hemodynamics of subject-specific confluence models (n?=?5) and to identify different geometrical classes of vertebrobasilar systems (n?=?12) of healthy adult subjects. The curvature of the vessels and their mutual orientation significantly affected flow parameters in the VBS. The basilar artery geometry strongly influenced both skewing of the velocity profiles and the wall shear stress distributions in the VBS. All five subjects modeled possessed varying degrees of vertebral asymmetry, and helical flow was observed in four cases, suggesting that factors other than vertebral asymmetry influence mixing of the vertebral artery flow contributions. These preliminary studies verify that quantitative, MR imaging techniques in conjunction with subject-specific CFD models of healthy adult subjects may be used to characterize VBS hemodynamics and to predict flow features that have been related to the initiation and development of atherosclerosis in large arteries. This work represents an important first step towards applying this approach to study disease initiation and progression in the VBS. PMID:23251503

  2. Cuneus and fusiform cortices thickness is reduced in trigeminal neuralgia

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Chronic pain disorders are presumed to induce changes in brain grey and white matters. Few studies have focused CNS alterations in trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Methods The aim of this study was to explore changes in white matter microstructure in TN subjects using diffusion tensor images (DTI) with tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS); and cortical thickness changes with surface based morphometry. Twenty-four patients with classical TN (37-67 y-o) and 24 healthy controls, matched for age and sex, were included in the study. Results Comparing patients with controls, no diffusivity abnormalities of brain white matter were detected. However, a significant reduction in cortical thickness was observed at the left cuneus and left fusiform cortex in the patients group. The thickness of the fusiform cortex correlated negatively with the carbamazepine dose (p?=?0.023). Conclusions Since the cuneus and the fusiform gyrus have been related to the multisensory integration area and cognitive processing, as well as the retrieval of shock perception conveyed by A? fibers, our results support the role of these areas in TN pathogenesis. Whether such changes occurs as an epiphenomenon secondary to daily stimulation or represent a structural predisposition to TN in the light of peripheral vascular compression is a matter of future studies. PMID:24661349

  3. Processing of Facial Emotion in the Human Fusiform Gyrus

    PubMed Central

    Kawasaki, Hiroto; Tsuchiya, Naotsugu; Kovach, Christopher K.; Nourski, Kirill V.; Oya, Hiroyuki; Howard, Matthew A.; Adolphs, Ralph

    2012-01-01

    Electrophysiological and fMRI-based investigations of the ventral temporal cortex of primates provide strong support for regional specialization for the processing of faces. These responses are most frequently found in or near the fusiform gyrus, but there is substantial variability in their anatomical location and response properties. An outstanding question is the extent to which ventral temporal cortex participates in processing dynamic, expressive aspects of faces, a function usually attributed to regions near the superior temporal cortex. Here, we investigated these issues through intracranial recordings from eight human surgical patients. We compared several different aspects of face processing (static and dynamic faces; happy, neutral, and fearful expressions) with power in the high-gamma band (70–150 Hz) from a spectral analysis. Detailed mapping of the response characteristics as a function of anatomical location was conducted in relation to the gyral and sulcal pattern on each patient’s brain. The results document responses with high responsiveness for static or dynamic faces, often showing abrupt changes in response properties between spatially close recording sites and idiosyncratic across different subjects. Notably, strong responses to dynamic facial expressions can be found in the fusiform gyrus, just as can responses to static faces. The findings suggest a more complex, fragmented architecture of ventral temporal cortex around the fusiform gyrus, one that includes focal regions of cortex that appear relatively specialized for either static or dynamic aspects of faces. PMID:22185494

  4. Clinical research of persimmon leaf extract and ginkgo biloba extract in the treatment of vertebrobasilar insufficiency.

    PubMed

    Guo, S G; Guan, S H; Wang, G M; Liu, G Y; Sun, H; Wang, B J; Xu, F

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to compare the curative effects of persimmon leaf extract and ginkgo biloba extract in the treatment of headache and dizziness caused by vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Sixty patients were observed, who underwent therapy with persimmon leaf extract and ginkgo biloba extract based on the treatment of nimodipine and aspirin. After 30 days, 30 patients treated with persimmon leaf extract and 30 patients with ginkgo biloba extract were examined for changes in hemodynamic indexes and symptoms, such as headache and dizziness. The results showed statistically significant differences of 88.3% for the persimmon leaf extract and 73.1% for the ginkgo biloba extract, P < 0.05. Compared to the group of ginkgo biloba extract, the group of persimmon leaf extract had more apparent improvement in the whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, fibrinogen, hematokrit, and platelet adhesion rate, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Based on these analyses, it can be concluded that persimmon leaf extract is better than ginkgo biloba extract in many aspects, such as cerebral circulation improvement, cerebral vascular expansion, hypercoagulable state lowering and vertebrobasilar insufficiency-induced headache and dizziness relief. PMID:25864752

  5. Successful treatment of a giant pediatric fusiform basilar trunk aneurysm with surpass flow diverter.

    PubMed

    Kan, Peter; Mokin, Maxim; Puri, Ajit S; Wakhloo, Ajay K

    2015-01-01

    Fusiform aneurysms present a unique challenge to traditional microsurgical and endovascular treatment because of the lack of a discernible neck and the involvement of parent vessel. Flow diversion has increasingly become the treatment of choice for fusiform aneurysms in the anterior circulation, but its results in the posterior circulation are variable. We report successful treatment of a giant fusiform upper basilar trunk aneurysm with the Surpass flow diverter in an adolescent, and discuss the potential advantages of this emerging technology in the treatment of fusiform posterior circulation aneurysms. PMID:26040828

  6. Gamma knife radiosurgery to the trigeminal ganglion for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia secondary to vertebrobasilar ectasia

    PubMed Central

    Somaza, Salvador; Hurtado, Wendy; Montilla, Eglee; Ghaleb, Jose

    2014-01-01

    Background: We report the result obtained using Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery on the trigeminal ganglion (TG) in a patient with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) secondary to vertebrobasilar ectasia (VBE). Case Description: Retrospective review of medical records corresponding to one patient with VBE-related trigeminal pain treated with radiosurgery. Because of the impossibility of visualization of the entry zone or the path of trigeminal nerve through the pontine cistern, we proceeded with stereotactic radiosurgery directed to the TG. The maximum radiation dose was 86 Gy with a 8-mm and a 4-mm collimator. The follow-up period was 24 months. The pain disappeared in 15 days, passing from Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) grade V to BNI grade IIIa in 4 months and then to grade I. The patient did not experience noticeable subjective facial numbness. Conclusions: This experience showed that Gamma knife radiosurgery was effective in the management of VBE-related trigeminal pain, using the TG as radiosurgical target. PMID:25593782

  7. Abnormal fusiform activation during emotional-face encoding in children and adults with bipolar disorder

    PubMed Central

    Adleman, Nancy E.; Kayser, Reilly R.; Olsavsky, Aviva K.; Bones, Brian L.; Muhrer, Eli J.; Fromm, Stephen J.; Pine, Daniel S.; Zarate, Carlos; Leibenluft, Ellen; Brotman, Melissa A.

    2013-01-01

    This fMRI study shows that, compared to healthy subjects, children and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) exhibit impaired memory for emotional faces and abnormal fusiform activation during encoding. Fusiform activation abnormalities in BD were correlated with mania severity and may therefore represent a trait and state BD biomarker. PMID:23541333

  8. Selectivity for the Human Body in the Fusiform Gyrus Marius V. Peelen and Paul E. Downing

    E-print Network

    Downing, Paul

    Report Selectivity for the Human Body in the Fusiform Gyrus Marius V. Peelen and Paul E. Downing in final form 3 August 2004 Peelen, Marius V. and Paul E. Downing. Selectivity for the human body that the mid-fusiform gyrus responds with nearly the same level of selectivity to images of human bodies

  9. Dynamic encoding of face information in the human fusiform gyrus.

    PubMed

    Ghuman, Avniel Singh; Brunet, Nicolas M; Li, Yuanning; Konecky, Roma O; Pyles, John A; Walls, Shawn A; Destefino, Vincent; Wang, Wei; Richardson, R Mark

    2014-01-01

    Humans' ability to rapidly and accurately detect, identify and classify faces under variable conditions derives from a network of brain regions highly tuned to face information. The fusiform face area (FFA) is thought to be a computational hub for face processing; however, temporal dynamics of face information processing in FFA remains unclear. Here we use multivariate pattern classification to decode the temporal dynamics of expression-invariant face information processing using electrodes placed directly on FFA in humans. Early FFA activity (50-75?ms) contained information regarding whether participants were viewing a face. Activity between 200 and 500?ms contained expression-invariant information about which of 70 faces participants were viewing along with the individual differences in facial features and their configurations. Long-lasting (500+ms) broadband gamma frequency activity predicted task performance. These results elucidate the dynamic computational role FFA plays in multiple face processing stages and indicate what information is used in performing these visual analyses. PMID:25482825

  10. Dynamic Encoding of Face Information in the Human Fusiform Gyrus

    PubMed Central

    Ghuman, Avniel Singh; Brunet, Nicolas M.; Li, Yuanning; Konecky, Roma O.; Pyles, John A.; Walls, Shawn A.; Destefino, Vincent; Wang, Wei; Richardson, R. Mark

    2014-01-01

    Humans’ ability to rapidly and accurately detect, identify, and classify faces under variable conditions derives from a network of brain regions highly tuned to face information. The fusiform face area (FFA) is thought to be a computational hub for face processing, however temporal dynamics of face information processing in FFA remains unclear. Here we use multivariate pattern classification to decode the temporal dynamics of expression-invariant face information processing using electrodes placed directly upon FFA in humans. Early FFA activity (50-75 ms) contained information regarding whether participants were viewing a face. Activity between 200-500 ms contained expression-invariant information about which of 70 faces participants were viewing along with the individual differences in facial features and their configurations. Long-lasting (500+ ms) broadband gamma frequency activity predicted task performance. These results elucidate the dynamic computational role FFA plays in multiple face processing stages and indicate what information is used in performing these visual analyses. PMID:25482825

  11. Analysis of the vertebrobasilar system in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

    PubMed

    Taskin, Umit; Yigit, Ozgur; Sisman, Ayse S; Ogreden, Sahin; Azizli, Elad; Kantarci, Fatih; Mihmanli, Ismail

    2013-08-01

    We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the vertebrobasilar system in adults with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our study population was made up of 48 patients with OSA and 21 healthy volunteers who served as controls; the OSA patients were subdivided into one group with mild or moderate OSA (n = 22) and another with severe OSA (n = 26). Each participant underwent Doppler ultrasonography three times to measure the diameter of the vertebral artery, the peak systolic velocity (PSV), the resistive index (RI), and the vertebral artery flow volume; the mean of the three measurements was calculated for each patient, for the OSA and control groups, and for various subgroups. No significant differences in vessel diameter, PSV, or RI were seen among any of the subgroups. Overall, the vertebral artery flow volume was slightly, but not significantly, higher in all patients with OSA (206 ml/min) than in the control group (177 ml/min); this difference might reflect the body's daytime response to the chronic apneic events experienced during sleep. The only statistically significant difference we found was in vertebral artery flow volume between the controls and the subgroup with mild or moderate OSA (p = 0.026); no difference was seen between the controls and the patients with severe OSA (p = 0.318). Likewise, no significant difference in any of the four parameters was seen when patients were subclassified by body mass index and arterial oxygen saturation level. PMID:23975498

  12. Ultrastructure of cell division in the fusiform cells of the vascular cambium of Robinia pseudoacacia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. Farrar; Ray F. Evert

    1997-01-01

    The ultrastructure of periclinally dividing fusiform cells was studied in the vascular cambium of Robinia pseudoacacia. Fusiform cell division begins in April at Madison, Wisconsin, when the cambial cells still have many characteristics of\\u000a a dormant cambium. Soon afterward, the cambial cells acquire the appearance typical of an active cambium. Sequential phases\\u000a of the microtubule cycle were documented: cortical microtubules

  13. Glass rupture disk

    DOEpatents

    Glass, S. Jill (Albuquerque, NM); Nicolaysen, Scott D. (Albuquerque, NM); Beauchamp, Edwin K. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A frangible rupture disk and mounting apparatus for use in blocking fluid flow, generally in a fluid conducting conduit such as a well casing, a well tubing string or other conduits within subterranean boreholes. The disk can also be utilized in above-surface pipes or tanks where temporary and controllable fluid blockage is required. The frangible rupture disk is made from a pre-stressed glass with controllable rupture properties wherein the strength distribution has a standard deviation less than approximately 5% from the mean strength. The frangible rupture disk has controllable operating pressures and rupture pressures.

  14. Revascularization of Onyx Induced Intra-Operative Occlusion of Vertebro-Basilar Artery Using the Merci Device

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shon G. Michael; Amar S. Swarnkar; Julius Gene S. Latorre; Tarakad S. Ramachandran; Yahia M. Lodi

    2010-01-01

    Introduction  Endovascular embolization is an important modality in the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Onyx is\\u000a an ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide that is approved for use as an embolic agent for brain\\u000a AVMs.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Case Report  We describe a case of revascularization of an occluded vertebro-basilar artery during embolization of an AVM with Onyx, by\\u000a using the Merci

  15. Wingspan Stent for High-Grade Symptomatic Vertebrobasilar Artery Atherosclerotic Stenosis

    SciTech Connect

    Li Jian, E-mail: ns981212@yahoo.com.cn; Zhao Zhenwei, E-mail: zzwzc@sina.com; Gao Guodong, E-mail: gaoguo_dong@163.com; Deng Jianping [Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Team of Neurovascular Angioplasty, Department of Interventional Neuroradiology and Neurosurgery (China); Yu Jia [Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Neurology (China); Gao Li; Yuan Yang; Qv Youzhi [Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Neuroradiology (China)

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to present the treatment outcomes with Wingspan stent angioplasty of high-grade intracranial vertebrobasilar artery (VBA) stenosis in symptomatic patients. Methods: Between 2007 and 2010, the records of 30 patients with 31 intracranial high-grade VBA stenoses (all{>=}70%) who underwent elective stenting due to the failure of medical therapy were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical evaluation was performed based on the modified Rankin scale and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale. Results: In all cases, the stent deployment was technically successful. The mean stenosis decreased significantly from 82.28 {+-} 8.02% (range, 72-99%) to 11.18 {+-} 7.28% (range, 0-25%) after stent-assisted angioplasty (P < 0.05). Periprocedure complications occurred in 3 (10%) of 30 patients; there were 2 cases of perforator strokes and 1 case of transient flow insufficiency with stent overlap. Clinical follow-up (mean, 17.81 {+-} 11.49 months; range, 5-40 months) was available for 27 patients, and angiographic follow-up (mean, 9.95 {+-} 5.74 months, range, 5-20 months) was available for 19 patients. Only one case demonstrated recurrent symptoms with restenosis ({>=}50%). There were no recurrent ischemic events and no cases of restenosis in the other patients. Conclusions: According to our data, the Wingspan stent for symptomatic intracranial VBA stenoses is a safe and efficacious treatment alternative in cases with recurrent symptoms despite medical therapy. However, the improvement of outcome requires the reduction in the rate of procedure-related complications and long-term outcomes still have to be demonstrated.

  16. Ruptured intracranial dermoid cysts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. El-Bahy; A. Kotb; A. Galal; A. EL-Hakim

    2006-01-01

    Summary  Rupture of intracranial dermoid cysts (RICDC) is a rare phenomenon. The mechanism of rupture, pathophysiology of fat in the\\u000a ventricles and subarachnoid spaces, possible complications, and proper management of such conditions are proposed on the basis\\u000a of a review of the literature and experience with two cases of ruptured intracranial dermoid cysts (One was in the pineal\\u000a region, while another

  17. Posterior spinal artery aneurysm rupture after 'Ecstasy' abuse.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Jeremiah; Patel, Shnehal; Saraf-Lavi, Efrat; Aziz-Sultan, Mohammad Ali; Yavagal, Dileep R

    2015-07-01

    Posterior spinal artery (PSA) aneurysms are a rare cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The commonly abused street drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) or 'Ecstasy' has been linked to both systemic and neurological complications. A teenager presented with neck stiffness, headaches and nausea after ingesting 'Ecstasy'. A brain CT was negative for SAH but a CT angiogram suggested cerebral vasculitis. A lumbar puncture showed SAH but a cerebral angiogram was negative. After a spinal MR angiogram identified abnormalities on the dorsal surface of the cervical spinal cord, a spinal angiogram demonstrated a left PSA 2?mm fusiform aneurysm. The patient underwent surgery and the aneurysmal portion of the PSA was excised without postoperative neurological sequelae. 'Ecstasy' can lead to neurovascular inflammation, intracranial hemorrhage, SAH and potentially even de novo aneurysm formation and subsequent rupture. PSA aneurysms may be treated by endovascular proximal vessel occlusion or open surgical excision. PMID:25006043

  18. Activation of the fusiform gyrus when individuals with autism spectrum disorder view faces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nouchine Hadjikhani; Robert M. Joseph; Josh Snyder; Christopher F. Chabris; Jill Clark; Shelly Steele; Lauren McGrath; Mark Vangel; Itzhak Aharon; Eric Feczko; Gordon J Harris; Helen Tager-Flusberg

    2004-01-01

    Prior imaging studies have failed to show activation of the fusiform gyrus in response to emotionally neutral faces in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) [Critchley et al., Brain 124 (2001) 2059; Schultz et al., Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 57 (2000) 331]. However, individuals with ASD do not typically exhibit the striking behavioral deficits that might be expected to result from

  19. Affective Judgments of Faces Modulate Early Activity (?160 ms) within the Fusiform Gyri

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diego A. Pizzagalli; Dietrich Lehmann; Andrew M. Hendrick; Marianne Regard; Roberto D. Pascual-Marqui; Richard J. Davidson

    2002-01-01

    Functional neuroimaging studies have implicated the fusiform gyri (FG) in structural encoding of faces, while event-related potential (ERP) and magnetoencephalography studies have shown that such encoding occurs approximately 170 ms poststimulus. Behavioral and functional neuroimaging studies suggest that processes involved in face recognition may be strongly modulated by socially relevant information conveyed by faces. To test the hypothesis that affective

  20. Endovascular parent artery occlusion in large-giant or fusiform distal posterior cerebral artery aneurysms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anil Arat; Civan Islak; Isil Saatci; Naci Kocer; Saruhan Cekirge

    2002-01-01

    . Posterior cerebral artery aneurysms are amenable to deconstructive surgical treatment because of the rich collateral supply of the distal posterior cerebral artery. This report retrospectively analyses the outcome of endovascular parent artery occlusion for large or fusiform distal posterior cerebral artery aneurysms. Medical records and cerebral angiograms from two endovascular centres were analysed retrospectively. Eight patients with large or

  1. Neurons in the Fusiform Gyrus are Fewer and Smaller in Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Kooten, Imke A. J.; Palmen, Saskia J. M. C.; von Cappeln, Patricia; Steinbusch, Harry W. M.; Korr, Hubert; Heinsen, Helmut; Hof, Patrick R.; van Engeland, Herman; Schmitz, Christoph

    2008-01-01

    Abnormalities in face perception are a core feature of social disabilities in autism. Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging studies showed that patients with autism could perform face perception tasks. However, the fusiform gyrus (FG) and other cortical regions supporting face processing in controls are hypoactive in patients with autism.…

  2. Shape Memory Polymer Stent With Expandable Foam: A New Concept for Endovascular Embolization of Fusiform Aneurysms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ward Small; Patrick R. Buckley; Thomas S. Wilson; William J. Benett; Jonathan Hartman; David Saloner; Duncan J. Maitland

    2007-01-01

    We demonstrate a new concept for endovascular embolization of nonnecked fusiform aneurysms. A device prototype consisting of a stent augmented with expandable foam, both made from shape memory polymer, was fabricated and deployed in an in vitro model. Visual observation indicated that the foam achieved embolization of the aneurysm while the stent maintained an open lumen in the parent artery.

  3. Cognitive Response Profile of the Human Fusiform Face Area as Determined by MEG

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Halgren; Tommi Raij; Ksenija Marinkovic; Veikko Jousmäki; Riitta Hari

    2000-01-01

    Activation in or near the fusiform gyrus was estimated to faces and control stimuli. Activation peaked at 165 ms and was strongest to digitized photographs of human faces, regardless of whether they were presented in color or grayscale, suggesting that face- and color-specific areas are functionally separate. Schematic sketches evoked ~30% less activation than did face photographs. Scrambling the locations

  4. The Fusiform Face Area: A Module in Human Extrastriate Cortex Specialized for Face Perception

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy Kanwisher; Josh McDermott; Marvin M. Chun

    1997-01-01

    Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we found an area in the fusiform gyrus in 12 of the 15 subjects tested that was significantly more active when the subjects viewed faces than when they viewed assorted common objects. This face activation was used to define a specific region of interest individually for each subject, within which several new tests of

  5. Revisiting the Role of the Fusiform Face Area in Visual Expertise

    E-print Network

    Xu, Yaoda

    both side-view car images that do not resemble faces and bird images in an event- related fMRI design, Nat. Neurosci., 3:191--197) in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study that objects of visual expertise (cars and birds) activate the right fusiform face area (FFA) more strongly than non

  6. Discriminable spatial patterns of activation for faces and bodies in the fusiform gyrus.

    PubMed

    Kim, Na Yeon; Lee, Su Mei; Erlendsdottir, Margret C; McCarthy, Gregory

    2014-01-01

    Functional neuroimaging studies consistently report that the visual perception of faces and bodies strongly activates regions within ventral occipitotemporal cortex (VOTC) and, in particular, within the mid-lateral fusiform gyrus. One unresolved issue is the degree to which faces and bodies activate discrete or overlapping cortical regions within this region. Here, we examined VOTC activity to faces and bodies at high spatial resolution, using univariate and multivariate analysis approaches sensitive to differences in both the strength and spatial pattern of activation. Faces and bodies evoked substantially overlapping activations in the fusiform gyrus when each was compared to the control category of houses. No discrete regions of activation for faces and bodies in the fusiform gyrus survived a direct statistical comparison using standard univariate statistics. However, multi-voxel pattern analysis differentiated faces and bodies in regions where univariate analysis found no significant difference in the strength of activation. Using a whole-brain multivariate searchlight approach, we also found that extensive regions in VOTC beyond those defined as fusiform face and body areas using standard criteria where the spatial pattern of activation discriminated faces and bodies. These findings provide insights into the spatial distribution of face- and body-specific activations in VOTC and the identification of functionally specialized regions. PMID:25177286

  7. The Fusiform Face Area Is Engaged in Holistic, Not Parts-Based, Representation of Faces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jiedong Zhang; Xiaobai Li; Yiying Song; Jia Liu

    2012-01-01

    Numerous studies with functional magnetic resonance imaging have shown that the fusiform face area (FFA) in the human brain plays a key role in face perception. Recent studies have found that both the featural information of faces (e.g., eyes, nose, and mouth) and the configural information of faces (i.e., spatial relation among features) are encoded in the FFA. However, little

  8. The Left Fusiform Area Is Affected by Written Frequency of Words

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Proverbio, Alice M.; Zani, Alberto; Adorni, Roberta

    2008-01-01

    The recent neuroimaging literature gives conflicting evidence about whether the left fusiform gyrus (FG) might recognize words as unitary visual objects. The sensitivity of the left FG to word frequency might provide a neural basis for the orthographic input lexicon theorized by reading models [Patterson, K., Marshall, J. C., & Coltheart, M.…

  9. Temporal Stability of Dysmorphic Fusiform Aneurysms of the Intracranial Internal Carotid Artery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Loic Boussel; Vitaliy Rayz; Alastair Martin; Michael Lawton; Randall Higashida; Wade S. Smith; William L. Young; David Saloner

    2011-01-01

    PurposeEstimation of the stability of dysmorphic fusiform aneurysms of the intracranial internal carotid artery requires precise monitoring of their volumes. This report describes a method of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and three-dimensional postprocessing to study the evolution of these aneurysms in a prospective cohort of patients not immediately suitable for surgery or endovascular treatment.

  10. [Knee extensor mechanism ruptures].

    PubMed

    Duthon, V B; Fritschy, D

    2011-08-10

    Knee extensor mechanism is composed of the quadriceps and its tendon, patella and patellar tendon. Rupture of either the quadriceps or patellar tendon, or of the patella itself, lead to a disruption of the knee extensor mechanism. Clinical examination reveals an inability to actively extend the knee. Standard radiographs of the knee show a suprapatellar swelling of the soft tissues in case of quadriceps tendon rupture, or a displaced patellar fracture, or a patella alta in case of patellar tendon rupture. Echography and MRI confirm the diagnosis and may reveal associated injuries. In case of knee extensor mechanism rupture, early surgical reconstruction of quadriceps or patellar tendon, or patella osteosynthesis, are mandatory to achieve early functional recovery. PMID:21919393

  11. Spontaneous rupture of uterus.

    PubMed

    Siddiqui, Meraj; Ranasinghe, J Sudharma

    2002-08-01

    Spontaneous rupture of the uterus is a life-threatening obstetrical emergency. Diagnosis may be delayed because of the bizarre presentation or absence of significant pain and tenderness, which could have been masked by the analgesic medications used during labor. We present a case of spontaneous rupture in a multigravid female who was undergoing oxytocin-augmented labor while receiving epidural analgesia. She had had no previous cesarean deliveries or uterine surgery. Half an hour after an initial complaint of left inguinal pain, which was thought to be related to a patchy epidural block, she presented with changes in vital signs and significant fetal decelerations. At emergent cesarean section, a uterine rupture was noted. The uterine rupture extended down to the left vaginal angle, was not reparable and a hysterectomy was performed. The fetus survived. PMID:12208442

  12. Mapping and morphometric analysis of synapses and spines on fusiform cells in the dorsal cochlear nucleus

    PubMed Central

    Salloum, Rony H.; Chen, Guoyou; Velet, Liliya; Manzoor, Nauman F.; Elkin, Rachel; Kidd, Grahame J.; Coughlin, John; Yurosko, Christopher; Bou-Anak, Stephanie; Azadi, Shirin; Gohlsch, Stephanie; Schneider, Harold; Kaltenbach, James A.

    2014-01-01

    Fusiform cells are the main integrative units of the mammalian dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN), collecting and processing inputs from auditory and other sources before transmitting information to higher levels of the auditory system. Despite much previous work describing these cells and the sources and pharmacological identity of their synaptic inputs, information on the three-dimensional organization and utltrastructure of synapses on these cells is currently very limited. This information is essential since an understanding of synaptic plasticity and remodeling and pathologies underlying disease states and hearing disorders must begin with knowledge of the normal characteristics of synapses on these cells, particularly those features that determine the strength of their influence on the various compartments of the cell. Here, we employed serial block face scanning electron microscopy (SBFSEM) followed by 3D reconstructions to map and quantitatively characterize synaptic features on DCN fusiform cells. Our results reveal a relative sparseness of synapses on the somata of fusiform cells but a dense distribution of synapses on apical and basal dendrites. Synapses on apical dendrites were smaller and more numerous than on basal dendrites. The vast majority of axosomatic terminals were found to be linked to other terminals connected by the same axon or different branches of the same axon, suggesting a high degree of divergent input to fusiform cells. The size of terminals was correlated with the number of mitochondria and with the number of active zones, which was highly correlated with the number of postsynaptic densities, suggesting that larger terminals exert more powerful influence on the cell than smaller terminals. These size differences suggest that the input to basal dendrites, most likely those from the auditory nerve, provide the most powerful sources of input to fusiform cells, while those to apical dendrites (e.g., parallel fiber) are weaker but more numerous. PMID:25294990

  13. New Empirical Relationships among Magnitude, Rupture Length, Rupture Width, Rupture Area, and Surface Displacement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald L. Wells; Kevin J. Coppersmith

    1994-01-01

    Source parameters for historical earthquakes worldwide are com- piled to develop a series of empirical relationships among moment magnitude (M), surface rupture length, subsurface rupture length, downdip rupture width, rupture area, and maximum and average displacement per event. The resulting data base is a significant update of previous compilations and includes the ad- ditional source parameters of seismic moment, moment

  14. Achilles Tendon Rupture

    PubMed Central

    Wertz, Jess; Galli, Melissa; Borchers, James R.

    2013-01-01

    Context: Achilles tendon (AT) rupture in athletes is increasing in incidence and accounts for one of the most devastating sports injuries because of the threat to alter or end a career. Despite the magnitude of this injury, reliable risk assessment has not been clearly defined, and prevention strategies have been limited. The purpose of this review is to identify potential intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for AT rupture in aerial and ground athletes stated in the current literature. Evidence Acquisition: A MEDLINE search was conducted on AT rupture, or “injury” and “risk factors” and “athletes” from 1980 to 2011. Emphasis was placed on epidemiology, etiology, and review articles focusing on the risk for lower extremity injury in runners and gymnasts. Thirty articles were reviewed, and 22 were included in this assessment. Results: Aerial and ground athletes share many intrinsic risk factors for AT rupture, including overuse and degeneration of the tendon as well as anatomical variations that mechanically put an athlete at risk. Older athletes, athletes atypical in size for their sport, high tensile loads, leg dominance, and fatigue also may increase risk. Aerial athletes tend to have more extrinsic factors that play a role in this injury due to the varying landing surfaces from heights and technical maneuvers performed at various skill levels. Conclusion: Risk assessment for AT rupture in aerial and ground athletes is multivariable and difficult in terms of developing prevention strategies. Quantitative measures of individual risk factors may help identify major contributors to injury. PMID:24427410

  15. Excess copper induced proteomic changes in the marine brown algae Sargassum fusiforme.

    PubMed

    Zou, Hui-Xi; Pang, Qiu-Ying; Zhang, Ai-Qin; Lin, Li-Dong; Li, Nan; Yan, Xiu-Feng

    2015-01-01

    Copper (Cu) is an essential micronutrient for algal growth and development; however, it is also generally considered to be one of the most toxic metals when present at higher levels. Seaweeds are often exposed to low concentrations of metals, including Cu, for long time periods. In cases of ocean outfall, they may even be abruptly exposed to high levels of metals. The physiological processes that are active under Cu stress are largely unknown. In this study, the brown macroalga Sargassum fusiforme was cultured in fresh seawater at final Cu concentrations of 0, 4, 8, 24 and 47 ?M. The Cu(2+) concentration and chlorophyll autofluorescence were measured to establish the toxic effects of Cu on this economically important seaweed. The accumulation of Cu by S. fusiforme was also dependent upon the external Cu concentration. Algal growth displayed a general decline with increasing media Cu concentrations, indicating that S. fusiforme was able to tolerate Cu stress at low concentrations, while it was negatively impacted at high concentrations. The term "acute stress" was employed to indicate exposure to high Cu concentrations for 1 day in this study. On the other hand, "chronic stress" was defined as exposure to lower sub-lethal Cu concentrations for 7 days. Proteins were extracted from control and Cu-treated S. fusiforme samples and separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Distinct patterns of protein expression in the acute and chronic stress conditions were observed. Proteins related to energy metabolism and photosynthesis were reduced significantly, whereas those related to carbohydrate metabolism, protein destination, RNA degradation and signaling regulation were induced in S. fusiforme in response to acute copper stress. Energy metabolism-related proteins were significantly induced by chronic Cu stress. Proteins from other functional groups, such as those related to membranes and transport, were present in minor quantities. These results suggest that S. fusiforme is sensitive to excess Cu, regardless of the presence of acute or chronic stress. We discuss the possible function of these identified proteins, taking into consideration the information available from other plant models. PMID:25450944

  16. Elevated Fusiform Cell Activity in the Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus of Chinchillas with Psychophysical Evidence of Tinnitus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. J. Brozoski; C. A. Bauer; D. M. Caspary

    2002-01-01

    Chinchillas with psychophysical evidence of chronic tinnitus were shown to have significantly elevated spontaneous activity and stimulus-evoked responses in putative fusiform cells of the dorsal cochlear nuclei (DCN). Chinchillas were psychophysi- cally trained and tested before and after exposure to a trau- matic unilateral 80 dB (sound pressure level) 4 kHz tone. Before exposure, two groups were matched in terms

  17. Crossmodal plasticity in the fusiform gyrus of late blind individuals during voice recognition.

    PubMed

    Hölig, Cordula; Föcker, Julia; Best, Anna; Röder, Brigitte; Büchel, Christian

    2014-12-01

    Blind individuals are trained in identifying other people through voices. In congenitally blind adults the anterior fusiform gyrus has been shown to be active during voice recognition. Such crossmodal changes have been associated with a superiority of blind adults in voice perception. The key question of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was whether visual deprivation that occurs in adulthood is followed by similar adaptive changes of the voice identification system. Late blind individuals and matched sighted participants were tested in a priming paradigm, in which two voice stimuli were subsequently presented. The prime (S1) and the target (S2) were either from the same speaker (person-congruent voices) or from two different speakers (person-incongruent voices). Participants had to classify the S2 as either coming from an old or a young person. Only in late blind but not in matched sighted controls, the activation in the anterior fusiform gyrus was modulated by voice identity: late blind volunteers showed an increase of the BOLD signal in response to person-incongruent compared with person-congruent trials. These results suggest that the fusiform gyrus adapts to input of a new modality even in the mature brain and thus demonstrate an adult type of crossmodal plasticity. PMID:25280451

  18. Function and structure of human left fusiform cortex are closely associated with perceptual learning of faces.

    PubMed

    Bi, Taiyong; Chen, Juan; Zhou, Tiangang; He, Yong; Fang, Fang

    2014-01-20

    Training can lead to long-lasting improvement in our perceptual ability, which is referred to as perceptual learning. Unraveling its neural mechanisms has proved difficult. With functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we addressed this issue by searching for the neural correlates of perceptual learning of face views over a long time course. Human subjects were trained to perform a face view discrimination task. Their behavioral performance and MRI signals were measured before, immediately after, and 1 month after training. We found that, across individual subjects, their behavioral learning effects correlated with the stability improvement of spatial activity pattern in the left fusiform cortex immediately after and 1 month after training. We also found that the thickness of the left fusiform cortex before training could predict subjects' behavioral learning effects. These findings, for the first time, not only suggest that, remarkably, the improved pattern stability contributes to the long-term mechanisms of perceptual learning, but also provide strong and converging evidence for the pivotal role of the left fusiform cortex in adaptive face processing. PMID:24412207

  19. Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies of Cd2+ Biosorption by the Brown Algae Sargassum fusiforme

    PubMed Central

    Zou, Hui-Xi; Li, Nan; Wang, Li-Hua; Yu, Ping; Yan, Xiu-Feng

    2014-01-01

    A fundamental investigation of the biosorption of Cd2+ from aqueous solution by the edible seaweed Sargassum fusiforme was performed under batch conditions. The influences of experimental parameters, such as the initial pH, sorption time, temperature, and initial Cd2+ concentration, on Cd2+ uptake by S. fusiforme were evaluated. The results indicated that the biosorption of Cd2+ depended on the initial Cd2+ concentration, as well as the pH. The uptake of Cd2+ could be described by the Langmuir isotherm model, and both the Langmuir biosorption equilibrium constant and the maximum biosorption capacity of the monolayer decreased with increasing temperature, thereby confirming the exothermic character of the sorption process. The biosorption kinetics follows the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and intraparticle diffusion is the sole rate-limiting step for the entire biosorption period. These fundamental equilibrium and kinetic results can support further studies to the removal of cadmium from S. fusiforme harvested from cadmium-polluted waters. PMID:24736449

  20. Temporal Stability of Dysmorphic, Fusiform Aneurysms of the Intra-cranial Internal Carotid Artery

    PubMed Central

    Boussel, Loic; Rayz, Vitaliy; Martin, Alastair; Lawton, Michael; Higashida, Randall; Smith, Wade S.; Young, William L.; Saloner, David

    2011-01-01

    Purpose Estimation of the stability of dysmorphic fusiform aneurysms of the intra-cranial internal carotid artery requires precise monitoring of their volumes. In this report we apply a method using MRI and 3D post-processing to study the evolution of these aneurysms on a prospective cohort of patients not immediately suitable for surgery or endovascular treatment. Materials and Methods Ten patients with fusiform aneurysms of the intra-cranial internal carotid artery underwent serial MRI studies. Five patients were studied at two time points and the remainder at multiple time points (mean delay between studies: 12.6 +/? 3.8 months). For each patient, studies from all time points were co-registered. Volumes of each vessel component were calculated. Results Mean aneurysm volume was 833 +/? 878 mm3. Mean annual rate of volume progression was 1.37 +/? 2.09 % per year. All the aneurysms were thrombus-free. Conclusion This study indicates that, given the relatively low rate of progression of these dysplastic fusiform aneurysms and the complexity of their shape, 3D quantitative volumetric methods can be helpful in monitoring whether any growth has occurred. PMID:21419648

  1. Bilateral traumatic quadriceps tendon rupture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Holm

    1999-01-01

    Summary  Bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture is a rare condition. In most cases the patients with bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture\\u000a have a general degenerative disease. This case story present a middle-aged male, who became a traumatic bilateral quadriceps\\u000a tendon rupture. Though treated acutely and trained intensively he did not achieve full range of motion.

  2. [Symphysis rupture during partus].

    PubMed

    Nouta, Klaas-Auke; Van Rhee, Marina; Van Langelaan, Evert J

    2011-01-01

    A few hours after the birth of her first child a 36-year-old woman developed anterior pelvic pain. The pain worsened on walking. It proved that during the birth the patient had felt something 'give'. On X-ray a diastasis of 50 mm was seen in the symphysis and symphysis rupture was diagnosed. The patient was treated conservatively with bed rest and pelvic stabilisation. After 17 weeks she was symptom-free. Symphysis rupture during partus is rare. It is characterised by pain around the symphysis and/or the sacro-iliac joints during the first 24 hours post partum. Diagnosis can be made by X-ray. Treatment is predominantly conservative comprising pelvic stabilisation and bed rest. PMID:21426597

  3. Thrombus rupture via cavitation.

    PubMed

    Volokh, K Y

    2015-07-16

    Aneurysm growth is accompanied by formation of intraluminal thrombus. The onset of thrombus rupture via unstable void growth is studied in the present note. The experimentally calibrated constitutive model of thrombus developed by Wang et al. (2001) is enhanced with a failure description and used for analysis of cavitation. It is found that unstable cavity growth can start at hydrostatic tension of 0.18MPa which lies within the physiological range of stresses in the arterial wall. PMID:26001987

  4. Right fusiform response patterns reflect visual object identity rather than semantic similarity.

    PubMed

    Bruffaerts, Rose; Dupont, Patrick; De Grauwe, Sophie; Peeters, Ronald; De Deyne, Simon; Storms, Gerrit; Vandenberghe, Rik

    2013-12-01

    We previously reported the neuropsychological consequences of a lesion confined to the middle and posterior part of the right fusiform gyrus (case JA) causing a partial loss of knowledge of visual attributes of concrete entities in the absence of category-selectivity (animate versus inanimate). We interpreted this in the context of a two-step model that distinguishes structural description knowledge from associative-semantic processing and implicated the lesioned area in the former process. To test this hypothesis in the intact brain, multi-voxel pattern analysis was used in a series of event-related fMRI studies in a total of 46 healthy subjects. We predicted that activity patterns in this region would be determined by the identity of rather than the conceptual similarity between concrete entities. In a prior behavioral experiment features were generated for each entity by more than 1000 subjects. Based on a hierarchical clustering analysis the entities were organised into 3 semantic clusters (musical instruments, vehicles, tools). Entities were presented as words or pictures. With foveal presentation of pictures, cosine similarity between fMRI response patterns in right fusiform cortex appeared to reflect both the identity of and the semantic similarity between the entities. No such effects were found for words in this region. The effect of object identity was invariant for location, scaling, orientation axis and color (grayscale versus color). It also persisted for different exemplars referring to a same concrete entity. The apparent semantic similarity effect however was not invariant. This study provides further support for a neurobiological distinction between structural description knowledge and processing of semantic relationships and confirms the role of right mid-posterior fusiform cortex in the former process, in accordance with previous lesion evidence. PMID:23811413

  5. Hemifacial Spasm Caused by Fusiform Aneurysm at Vertebral Artery-Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Junction

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Seok-Keun; Park, Bong-Jin; Lim, Young-Jin

    2008-01-01

    Hemifacial spasm induced by intracranial aneurysm is a rare clinical condition. A 45-year-old male patient presented with a 3-year history of progressive involuntary twitching movement on right face. On radiological study, a dilated vascular lesion compressing the brain stem was found at the junction of vertebral artery and posterior inferior cerebellar artery. On operative field, we found the posterior inferior cerebellar artery and the fusiform aneurysm compressing root exit zone of facial nerve. Microvascular decompression was performed and the facial symptom was relieved without complications. PMID:19137088

  6. [Delayed splenic rupture (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Alawneh, I

    1979-12-01

    Splenic rupture is a common injury associated with blunt abdominal trauma. In contrast, delayed splenic rupture is less frequent and comprises about 8--28% of cases of splenic rupture. The symptom free period can last for days or weeks. The mechanism is explained as follows. A rupture of the parenchyma occurs but the spleen capsula remains intact. A hematoma forms below the capsule and causes a strong overdistension of the capsule so that a bursting and release of blood into the abdominal cavity results. The mortality rate with splenic ruptures in 6--55% and with delayed splenic ruptures 14.6%. Our experiences are reviewed. After commencement of the hemorrhage therapy must consist of treatment for shock and immediate laparotomy and splenectomy. PMID:44648

  7. Traumatic bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars Hansen; Søren Larsen; Troels Laulund

    2001-01-01

    Bilateral spontaneous quadriceps tendon rupture is a very rare event, with only an estimated 40 cases reported in the literature.\\u000a We report a case of bilateral spontaneous quadriceps tendon rupture and review the literature. The reviewed literature recommends\\u000a early repair; therefore, early diagnosis is crucial. Reportedly, up to 50% of spontaneous bilateral quadriceps ruptures are\\u000a misdiagnosed at first, resulting in

  8. Awake craniotomy for trapping a giant fusiform aneurysm of the middle cerebral artery

    PubMed Central

    Passacantilli, Emiliano; Anichini, Giulio; Cannizzaro, Delia; Fusco, Francesca; Pedace, Francesca; Lenzi, Jacopo; Santoro, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Background: Giant fusiform aneurysms of the distal middle cerebral artery (MCA) are rare lesions that, because of the absence of an aneurysm neck and the presence of calcified walls and partial thrombosis, can be difficult to clip without sacrificing the parent vessel. Moreover, when the aneurysm is located in the dominant hemisphere, it is not possible to test language and cognitive functions during surgical intervention, making the closure of the parent vessel extremely dangerous. Case Description: A 46-year-old woman presented with a one-year history of frontal headache without neurological deficit. A magnetic resonance imaging and an angiography showed a giant fusiform aneurysm of the left M2 tract. Because of the location and the absence of a neck, the aneurysm was considered difficult to coil and not amenable to preoperative balloon occlusion; thus, the patient was a candidate for surgical treatment. After a preoperative psychological evaluation, patient underwent awake craniotomy with the asleep–awake–asleep technique. A standard left pterional approach was performed to expose the internal carotid artery, the MCA and the aneurysm originating from the frontal branch of the MCA. Neurological examination responses remained unchanged during temporary parent artery occlusion, and trapping was successfully performed. Conclusions: Awake craniotomy is a useful option in intracranial aneurysm surgery because it permits neurological testing before vessels are permanently clipped or sacrificed. With the asleep–awake–asleep technique, it is possible to perform a standard pterional craniotomy, which allows good exposure of the vascular structures without cerebral retraction. PMID:23607061

  9. The role of the fusiform face area in social cognition: implications for the pathobiology of autism.

    PubMed Central

    Schultz, Robert T; Grelotti, David J; Klin, Ami; Kleinman, Jamie; Van der Gaag, Christiaan; Marois, René; Skudlarski, Pawel

    2003-01-01

    A region in the lateral aspect of the fusiform gyrus (FG) is more engaged by human faces than any other category of image. It has come to be known as the 'fusiform face area' (FFA). The origin and extent of this specialization is currently a topic of great interest and debate. This is of special relevance to autism, because recent studies have shown that the FFA is hypoactive to faces in this disorder. In two linked functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of healthy young adults, we show here that the FFA is engaged by a social attribution task (SAT) involving perception of human-like interactions among three simple geometric shapes. The amygdala, temporal pole, medial prefrontal cortex, inferolateral frontal cortex and superior temporal sulci were also significantly engaged. Activation of the FFA to a task without faces challenges the received view that the FFA is restricted in its activities to the perception of faces. We speculate that abstract semantic information associated with faces is encoded in the FG region and retrieved for social computations. From this perspective, the literature on hypoactivation of the FFA in autism may be interpreted as a reflection of a core social cognitive mechanism underlying the disorder. PMID:12639338

  10. Outcomes following quadriceps tendon ruptures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K O'Shea; P Kenny; J Donovan; F Condon; J. P McElwain

    2002-01-01

    Complete rupture of the quadriceps femoris tendon is a well-described injury. There is a scarcity of literature relating to the outcome of patients with this injury after surgery. We undertook a retrospective analysis of patients who had surgical repair of their ruptured quadriceps tendon at our institution over a seven year period-totalling 27 patients. Males were more commonly affected with

  11. Chronic rupture of tendo Achillis.

    PubMed

    Maffulli, Nicola; Ajis, Adam; Longo, Umile Giuseppe; Denaro, Vincenzo

    2007-12-01

    The Achilles tendon is the most commonly ruptured tendon in the human body. About 20% of complete ruptures of the Achilles tendon are diagnosed late. The management of chronic ruptures of tendo Achillis is usually different from that of acute rupture, as the tendon ends normally will have retracted. As clinical diagnosis of chronic ruptures can be problematic, imaging can be useful. Most investigators counsel operative management, and the possibility of undertaking a tendon transfer should be kept in mind. Local tendons, such as the flexor digitorum longus, the flexor hallucis longus, and the tendon of peroneus brevis, can be used, and some investigators have reported the use of a free gracilis tendon graft. Allografts and synthetic grafts are also employed. There are no comparative studies and no randomized controlled trials to guide clinicians toward an evidence-based approach to management. PMID:17996617

  12. Ruptured thought: rupture as a critical attitude to nursing research.

    PubMed

    Beedholm, Kirsten; Lomborg, Kirsten; Frederiksen, Kirsten

    2014-04-01

    In this paper, we introduce the notion of ‘rupture’ from the French philosopher Michel Foucault, whose studies of discourse and governmentality have become prominent within nursing research during the last 25 years. We argue that a rupture perspective can be helpful for identifying and maintaining a critical potential within nursing research. The paper begins by introducing rupture as an inheritance from the French epistemological tradition. It then describes how rupture appears in Foucault's works, as both an overall philosophical approach and as an analytic tool in his historical studies. Two examples of analytical applications of rupture are elaborated. In the first example, rupture has inspired us to make an effort to seek alternatives to mainstream conceptions of the phenomenon under study. In the second example, inspired by Foucault's work on discontinuity, we construct a framework for historical epochs in nursing history. The paper concludes by discussing the potential of the notion of rupture as a response to the methodological concerns regarding the use of Foucault-inspired discourse analysis within nursing research. We agree with the critique of Cheek that the critical potential of discourse analysis is at risk of being undermined by research that tends to convert the approach into a fixed method. PMID:24741691

  13. Selective impairment of facial recognition due to a haematoma restricted to the right fusiform and lateral occipital region

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y Wada; T Yamamoto

    2001-01-01

    A 67 year old right handed Japanese man developed prosopagnosia caused by a haemorrhage. His only deficit was the inability to perceive and discriminate unfamiliar faces, and to recognise familiar faces. He did not show deficits in visual or visuospatial perception of non-facial stimuli, alexia, visual agnosia, or topographical disorientation. Brain MRI showed a haematoma limited to the right fusiform

  14. Modulation of face processing by emotional expression and gaze direction during intracranial recordings in right fusiform cortex

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gilles Pourtois; Laurent Spinelli; Margitta Seeck; Patrik Vuilleumier

    2010-01-01

    We recorded intracranial local field potentials from structurally intact human visual cortex during several face processing tasks in a patient before brain surgery. Intracranial local field potentials were measured from subdural electrodes implanted in a right fusiform region with face-sensitive activity and a more medial location in posterior parahippocampal gyrus with house-selective activity. This electrode implantation allowed us to compare

  15. Biosorption of Hg(II) and Cu(II) by biomass of dried Sargassum fusiforme in aquatic solution.

    PubMed

    Huang, Shengmou; Lin, Gan

    2015-01-01

    The biosorption of heavy metals Hg(II) and Cu(II) from aquatic solution by biomass of dried Sargassum fusiforme was studied in the paper. The Sargassum fusiforme was able to absorb appreciable amount of mercury and copper from the aquatic solutions within 60 min of contact time with the metal solution and exhibited high removal of mercury and copper at low equilibrium concentrations. The specific adsorption of both Hg(II) and Cu(II) increased at low concentration of biomass and decreased when biomass concentration exceeded 2.0 g/L. The binding of mercury followed Freundlich model while copper supported Langmuir isotherm for adsorption with their r(2) values of 0.971 and 0.923, respectively. The maximum adsorption per unit masses of Sargassum fusiforme (mg/L) at equilibrium (qmax) for Hg(II) and Cu(II) were calculated to be 30.86 and 7.69 mg/g, respectively. The biosorption by Sargassum fusiforme was best described using a pseudo-second-order kinetic model for copper and mercury ions in solution in the study. The adsorption was pH dependent as the maximum mercury biosorption and copper adsorption was happened at solution pH of 8-10. PMID:25806112

  16. Fingerspelling, signed language, text and picture processing in deaf native signers: The role of the mid-fusiform gyrus

    PubMed Central

    Waters, Dafydd; Campbell, Ruth; Capek, Cheryl M.; Woll, Bencie; David, Anthony S.; McGuire, Philip K.; Brammer, Michael J.; MacSweeney, Mairéad

    2007-01-01

    In fingerspelling, different hand configurations are used to represent the different letters of the alphabet. Signers use this method of representing written language to fill lexical gaps in a signed language. Using fMRI, we compared cortical networks supporting the perception of fingerspelled, signed, written, and pictorial stimuli in deaf native signers of British Sign Language (BSL). In order to examine the effects of linguistic knowledge, hearing participants who knew neither fingerspelling nor a signed language were also tested. All input forms activated a left fronto-temporal network, including portions of left inferior temporal and mid-fusiform gyri, in both groups. To examine the extent to which activation in this region was influenced by orthographic structure, two contrasts of orthographic and non-orthographic stimuli were made: one using static stimuli (text vs. pictures), the other using dynamic stimuli (fingerspelling vs. signed language). Greater activation in left and right inferior temporal and mid-fusiform gyri was found for pictures than text in both deaf and hearing groups. In the fingerspelling vs. signed language contrast, a significant interaction indicated locations within the left and right mid-fusiform gyri. This showed greater activation for fingerspelling than signed language in deaf but not hearing participants. These results are discussed in light of recent proposals that the mid-fusiform gyrus may act as an integration region, mediating between visual input and higher-order stimulus properties. PMID:17363278

  17. Fusiform micelles from nonlinear poly(ethylene glycol)/polylactide copolymers as biodegradable drug carriers.

    PubMed

    Li, Taihang; Han, Ruiyan; Wang, Mingzhe; Liu, Changbai; Jing, Xiabin; Huang, Yubin

    2011-11-10

    PEG-PLA copolymers with dumbbell- and Y-shaped structures are prepared. They can self-assemble from nanoparticles to micro-sized fusiform micellar particles in aqueous solution. In particular the micelles formed by the (PLA)2-PEG-(PLA)2 particles show a better drug loading capacity and encapsulation efficiency than those formed by linear MPEG-PLA. In vitro studies show that the particles formed by Y-shaped copolymers show a particularly quick drug release. The copolymers have good biocompatibility with low cytotoxicity. These unique self-assembled systems thus have many possible biomedical applications, such as a sustained delivery of high-dosed water insoluble drugs, quick effective drugs for trauma, controlled delivery of the oral-administration drugs, and so forth. PMID:22167874

  18. Misidentification syndromes related to face specific area in the fusiform gyrus

    PubMed Central

    Hudson, A.; Grace, G.

    2000-01-01

    The "delusional misidentification syndromes" are a group of uncommon and varied disorders in which, in typical form, the patient thinks that a particular familiar person is someone else or a certain familiar place is a duplicate. Although first identified and considered a memory disorder by Pick, evidence in support of this has been difficult to identify. They have been most often seen in various psychotic and organic brain diseases but lesions have been generally diffuse although the right temporal lobe has been implicated. A patient was investigated who abruptly developed a disorder wherein she misidentified her husband as her deceased sister and claimed that her home was a duplicate of her real home that were typical of Frégoli syndrome and Pick's reduplicative paramnesia, respectively. A discrete area of brain damage, probably ischaemic, in this patient was seen on MRI in the anterior part of the right fusiform gyrus and a smaller area in the nearby anterior middle and inferior temporal gyri with associated parahippocampal and hippocampal atrophy. A high order nervous system function that is devoted to the identification of faces is located in the adjacent midportion of the fusiform gyrus and a similar locus for environmental scenes, termed the parahippocampal place area, is present in the bordering parahippocampal gyrus. The misidentification phenomena in this case can be explained by disruption of the connections of these highly specialised areas with the most anterior inferior and medial part of the right temporal lobe where long term memory and mechanisms for the retrieval of information that are required for the visual recognition of faces and scenes are stored.?? PMID:11032619

  19. Fusiform Aneurysm on the Basilar Artery Trunk Treated with Intra-Aneurysmal Embolization with Parent Vessel Occlusion after Complete Preoperative Occlusion Test

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Young-Jin; Kim, Min-Soo; Choi, Byung-Yon

    2013-01-01

    Fusiform aneurysms on the basilar artery (BA) trunk are rare. The microsurgical management of these aneurysms is difficult because of their deep location, dense collection of vital cranial nerves, and perforating arteries to the brain stem. Endovascular treatment is relatively easier and safer compared with microsurgical treatment. Selective occlusion of the aneurysmal sac with preservation of the parent artery is the endovascular treatment of choice. But, some cases, particularly giant or fusiform aneurysms, are unsuitable for selective sac occlusion. Therefore, endovascular coiling of the aneurysm with parent vessel occlusion is an alternative treatment option. In this situation, it is important to determine whether a patient can tolerate parent vessel occlusion without developing neurological deficits. We report a rare case of fusiform aneurysms in the BA trunk. An 18-year-old female suffered a headache for 2 weeks. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance image revealed a fusiform aneurysm of the lower basilar artery trunk. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a 7.1×11.0 mm-sized fusiform aneurysm located between vertebrovasilar junction and the anterior inferior cerebellar arteries. We had good clinical result using endovascular coiling of unruptured fusiform aneurysm on the lower BA trunk with parent vessel occlusion after confirming the tolerance of the patient by balloon test occlusion with induced hypotension and accompanied by neurophysiologic monitoring, transcranial Doppler and single photon emission computed tomography. In this study, we discuss the importance of preoperative meticulous studies for avoidance of delayed neurological deficit in the patient with fusiform aneurysm on lower basilar trunk. PMID:23826480

  20. Steam generator tube rupture study

    E-print Network

    Free, Scott Thomas

    1986-01-01

    This report describes our investigation of steam generator behavior during a postulated tube rupture accident. Our study was performed using the steam generator, thermal-hydraulic analysis code THERMIT-UTSG. The purpose ...

  1. Achilles tendon rupture rehabilitation

    PubMed Central

    Kearney, R. S.; Parsons, N.; Underwood, M.; Costa, M. L.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The evidence base to inform the management of Achilles tendon rupture is sparse. The objectives of this research were to establish what current practice is in the United Kingdom and explore clinicians’ views on proposed further research in this area. This study was registered with the ISRCTN (ISRCTN68273773) as part of a larger programme of research. Methods We report an online survey of current practice in the United Kingdom, approved by the British Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society and completed by 181 of its members. A total of ten of these respondents were invited for a subsequent one-to-one interview to explore clinician views on proposed further research in this area. Results The survey showed wide variations in practice, with patients being managed in plaster cast alone (13%), plaster cast followed by orthoses management (68%), and orthoses alone (19%). Within these categories, further variation existed regarding the individual rehabilitation facets, such as the length of time worn, the foot position within them and weight-bearing status. The subsequent interviews reflected this clinical uncertainty and the pressing need for definitive research. Conclusions The gap in evidence in this area has resulted in practice in the United Kingdom becoming varied and based on individual opinion. Future high-quality randomised trials on this subject are supported by the clinical community. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2015;4:65–9 PMID:25868938

  2. [Uterine rupture in modern obstetrics].

    PubMed

    Grio, R; Piacentino, R; Zaccheo, F; Giobbe, C; Caccuri, D; Tamburrano, F; Marchino, G L; Fuda, G

    1990-10-01

    The paper reports 18 cases of womb rupture observed in the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics at the University of Turin from April 1978 to June 1988. Following an analysis of the data relating to the above cases, the paper concludes that in order to reduce the incidence of womb rupture it is important to hospitalize high-risk patients preferably before the start of labour so as to intervent using caesarian section. PMID:2290596

  3. Histologic analysis of ruptured quadriceps tendons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Per David Trobisch; Matthias Bauman; Kuno Weise; Fabian Stuby; David J. Hak

    2010-01-01

    Quadriceps tendon ruptures are uncommon injuries. Degenerative changes in the tendon are felt to be an important precondition\\u000a for rupture. We retrospectively reviewed 45 quadriceps tendon ruptures in 42 patients. Quadriceps tendon ruptures occurred\\u000a most often in the sixth and seventh decade of life. Men were affected six times as often as women. A tissue sample from the\\u000a rupture-zone was

  4. Vertebrobasilar circulatory disorders

    MedlinePLUS

    ... body (dehydration) and swallowing problems (sometimes requiring tube feeding) Problems with movement or sensation, including paralysis and numbness Formation of clots in the legs Vision loss Complications caused by medicines or surgery may also occur.

  5. Fault Branching and Rupture Directivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dmowska, R.; Rice, J. R.; Kame, N.

    2002-12-01

    Can the rupture directivity of past earthquakes be inferred from fault geometry? Nakata et al. [J. Geogr., 1998] propose to relate the observed surface branching of fault systems with directivity. Their work assumes that all branches are through acute angles in the direction of rupture propagation. However, in some observed cases rupture paths seem to branch through highly obtuse angles, as if to propagate ``backwards". Field examples of that are as follows: (1) Landers 1992. When crossing from the Johnson Valley to the Homestead Valley (HV) fault via the Kickapoo (Kp) fault, the rupture from Kp progressed not just forward onto the northern stretch of the HV fault, but also backwards, i.e., SSE along the HV [Sowers et al., 1994, Spotila and Sieh, 1995, Zachariasen and Sieh, 1995, Rockwell et al., 2000]. Measurements of surface slip along that backward branch, a prominent feature of 4 km length, show right-lateral slip, decreasing towards the SSE. (2) At a similar crossing from the HV to the Emerson (Em) fault, the rupture progressed backwards along different SSE splays of the Em fault [Zachariasen and Sieh, 1995]. (3). In crossing from the Em to Camp Rock (CR) fault, again, rupture went SSE on the CR fault. (4). Hector Mine 1999. The rupture originated on a buried fault without surface trace [Li et al., 2002; Hauksson et al., 2002] and progressed bilaterally south and north. In the south it met the Lavic Lake (LL) fault and progressed south on it, but also progressed backward, i.e. NNW, along the northern stretch of the LL fault. The angle between the buried fault and the northern LL fault is around -160o, and that NNW stretch extends around 15 km. The field examples with highly obtuse branch angles suggest that there may be no simple correlation between fault geometry and rupture directivity. We propose that an important distinction is whether those obtuse branches actually involved a rupture path which directly turned through the obtuse angle (while continuing also on the main fault), or rather involved arrest by a barrier on the original fault and jumping [Harris and Day, JGR, 1993] to a neighboring fault on which rupture propagated bilaterally to form what appears as a backward-branched structure. Our studies [Poliakov et al., JGR in press, 2002; Kame et al, EOS, 2002] of stress fields around a dynamically moving mode II crack tip show a clear tendency to branch from the straight path at high rupture speeds, but the stress fields never allow the rupture path to directly turn through highly obtuse angles, and hence that mechanism is unlikely. In contrast, study of fault maps in the vicinity of the Kp to HV fault transition [Sowers et al., 1994], discussed as case (1) above, strongly suggest that the large-angle branching occurred as a jump, which we propose as the likely general mechanism. Implications for the Nakata et al. [1998] aim of inferring rupture directivity from branch geometry is that this will be possible only when rather detailed characterization (by surface geology, seismic relocation, trapped waves) of fault connectivity can be carried out in the vicinity of the branching junction, to ascertain whether direct turning of the rupture path through an angle, or jumping and then propagating bilaterally, were involved in prior events. They have opposite implications for how we would associate past directivity with a (nominally) branched fault geometry.

  6. Mathematical Modeling of Intrusive Growth of Fusiform Initials in Relation to Radial Growth and Expanding Cambial Circumference in Pinus sylvestris L

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Karczewska; J. Karczewski; W. W?och; J. Jura-Morawiec; P. Kojs; M. Iqbal; J. Krawczyszyn

    2009-01-01

    This study on the cambium of Pinus sylvestris L. examines the intrusive growth of fusiform cambial initials and its possible contribution to the tangential and radial\\u000a expansions of the cambial cylinder. The location and extent of intrusive growth of the fusiform initials were determined by\\u000a microscopic observations and by mathematical modeling. In order to meet the required circumferential expansion of

  7. Brain activity for peripheral biological motion in the posterior superior temporal gyrus and the fusiform gyrus: Dependence on visual hemifield and view orientation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars Michels; Raimund Kleiser; Marc H. E. de Lussanet; Rüdiger J. Seitz; Markus Lappe

    2009-01-01

    Biological motion, the movement of the human body presented by a small number of point lights, activates among other regions lining the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) and gyrus (pSTG) and of the fusiform gyrus. In previous studies with foveal stimuli the activity in the pSTS\\/pSTG was often confined to the right hemisphere and bilateral in fusiform gyrus. We presented

  8. Differential neuronal responses to the self and others in the extrastriate body area and the fusiform body area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Silja Vocks; Martin Busch; Dietrich Grönemeyer; Dietmar Schulte; Stephan Herpertz; Boris Suchan

    2010-01-01

    The extrastriate body area (EBA) and the fusiform body area (FBA) are selectively activated by viewing human bodies. However,\\u000a the role of these functionally defined brain areas in self-other discrimination is still unresolved. Thirty-one females were\\u000a presented with 16 pictures of their own body and another body in a bikini and with scrambled images while fMRI was performed.\\u000a Moreover, standardized

  9. Preliminary studies on the chemical characterization and antihyperlipidemic activity of polysaccharide from the brown alga Sargassum fusiforme

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wenjun Mao; Bafang Li; Qianqun Gu; Yuchun Fang; Hongtao Xing

    2004-01-01

    A polysaccharide (SFP) extracted from the brown alga Sargassum fusiforme (Harv.) Setch. was purified by chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex A50 and Sephadex G-100. Studies using paper chromatography (PC), electrophoresis and infrared spectroscopy (IR) indicated that SFP was a kind of alginate with a molecular weight of 16?000 and a molar ratio of mannuronic acid (M) to guluronic acid (G) of 2.75.

  10. Differential effects of androgenic and anti-androgenic progestins on fusiform and frontal gray matter volume and face recognition performance.

    PubMed

    Pletzer, Belinda; Kronbichler, Martin; Kerschbaum, Hubert

    2015-01-30

    Effects of oral hormonal contraceptives (OC) on human brain structure and behavior have only recently become a focus of research. Two explorative reports observed larger regional gray matter (GM) volumes in OC users within the prefrontal cortex, ACC and fusiform gyri, as well as parahippocampal gyri, hippocampus and cerebellum. These studies did however not control for the androgenicity of the progestin compound of OC, did not take into consideration how long OC users had been on their OC, and did not control for age differences between the OC group and the naturally cycling group. We compared 20 naturally cycling women during their early follicular cycle phase to 18 users of OC containing androgenic progestins and 22 users of OC containing anti-androgenic progestins. When controlling for age, we found that in users of anti-androgenic progestins relative GM volumes within the bilateral fusiform gyri, fusiform face area (FFA), parahippocampal place area (PPA) and cerebellum, were significantly larger than in naturally cycling women, while in users of androgenic progestins, relative as well as absolute volumes within the bilateral middle and superior frontal gyri were significantly smaller compared to naturally cycling women. These morphological changes were related to performance in a face recognition task. Face recognition performance was significantly better in users of anti-androgenic progestins compared to the other groups and significantly related to absolute as well as relative GM volumes in the FFA and PPA. Total GM volume, as well as absolute GM volumes within the bilateral fusiform gyri, FFA, hippocampus, parahippocampus, PPA, middle frontal gyri and ACC were significantly larger, the longer the duration of OC use, particularly in users of androgenic progestins. Morphological differences between active and inactive pill phase were observed in users of androgenic progestins. These findings suggest differential effects of androgenic and anti-androgenic progestins on human brain structure. PMID:25446458

  11. Is the whole the sum of its parts? Configural processing of headless bodies in the right fusiform gyrus.

    PubMed

    Soria Bauser, Denise; Suchan, Boris

    2015-03-15

    The current study aimed to explore the functional magnetic resonance (fMR)-adaption effect by presenting intact and scrambled headless bodies and faces. This fMR-adaption paradigm allows investigating processing specificity in distinct brain areas by comparing the blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal related to the presentation of same or different pairs of bodies. There is clear evidence that we prefer whole bodies compared to the sum of their parts. This effect refers to a subtype of configural processing termed first-order relational information. The preference for whole bodies seems to be associated with activation pattern in body-sensitive brain regions. However, it remains unclear until now, which cortical area exactly mediates this preference. In the present study, we investigated whether there are neuronal populations that show a selective adaption to whole bodies compared to the sum of their parts. The right fusiform body area (FBA) showed a preference for whole bodies compared to the sum of their parts as the right and left fusiform face area showed a preference for whole faces compared to the sum of their parts. Thus, the present data support the idea that configural body and face processing is mediated by the fusiform gyrus. The current data further support the view that bodies are a special stimulus class with specific characteristics which are processed in body-sensitive brain areas. PMID:25510195

  12. Keeping score in rupture disks

    SciTech Connect

    Brazier, G.

    1993-09-01

    At first glance it may seem that the world of rupture disks isn't one bursting with innovation--after all, some of the first designs of more than 60 years ago are still in use today. But take a closer look: Rupture disk technology is hardly standing still. Over the years, the disks have evolved from simple calibrated foils to highly-specialized devices that employ advanced designs and manufacturing techniques to ensure safety in critical applications. The new disks generally feature high accuracy, zero leakage, long service life, and non-fragmentation. Recent products use special metals and alloys to withstand corrosive process conditions and offer a much wider range of operating conditions than these of early devices. Manufacturers are also introducing rupture disks that are intrinsically fail-safe--i.e., the units burst at or below their rated burst pressure even if they are damaged during installation or are improperly installed.

  13. The neural code for face orientation in the human fusiform face area.

    PubMed

    Ramírez, Fernando M; Cichy, Radoslaw M; Allefeld, Carsten; Haynes, John-Dylan

    2014-09-01

    Humans recognize faces and objects with high speed and accuracy regardless of their orientation. Recent studies have proposed that orientation invariance in face recognition involves an intermediate representation where neural responses are similar for mirror-symmetric views. Here, we used fMRI, multivariate pattern analysis, and computational modeling to investigate the neural encoding of faces and vehicles at different rotational angles. Corroborating previous studies, we demonstrate a representation of face orientation in the fusiform face-selective area (FFA). We go beyond these studies by showing that this representation is category-selective and tolerant to retinal translation. Critically, by controlling for low-level confounds, we found the representation of orientation in FFA to be compatible with a linear angle code. Aspects of mirror-symmetric coding cannot be ruled out when FFA mean activity levels are considered as a dimension of coding. Finally, we used a parametric family of computational models, involving a biased sampling of view-tuned neuronal clusters, to compare different face angle encoding models. The best fitting model exhibited a predominance of neuronal clusters tuned to frontal views of faces. In sum, our findings suggest a category-selective and monotonic code of face orientation in the human FFA, in line with primate electrophysiology studies that observed mirror-symmetric tuning of neural responses at higher stages of the visual system, beyond the putative homolog of human FFA. PMID:25186759

  14. Perceived Animacy Influences the Processing of Human-Like Surface Features in the Fusiform Gyrus

    PubMed Central

    Shultz, Sarah; McCarthya, Gregory

    2014-01-01

    While decades of research have demonstrated that a region of the right fusiform gyrus (FG) responds selectively to faces, a second line of research suggests that the FG responds to a range of animacy cues, including biological motion and goal-directed actions, even in the absence of faces or other human-like surface features. These findings raise the question of whether the FG is indeed sensitive to faces or to the more abstract category of animate agents. The current study uses fMRI to examine whether the FG responds to all faces in a category-specific way or whether the FG is especially sensitive to the faces of animate agents. Animate agents are defined here as intentional agents with the capacity for rational goal-directed actions. Specifically, we examine how the FG responds to an entity that looks like an animate agent but that lacks the capacity for goal-directed, rational action. Region-of-interest analyses reveal that the FG activates more strongly to the animate compared with the inanimate entity, even though the surface features of both animate and inanimate entities were identical. These results suggest that the FG does not respond to all faces in a category-specific way, and is instead especially sensitive to whether an entity is animate. PMID:24905285

  15. Perceived communicative context and emotional content amplify visual word processing in the fusiform gyrus.

    PubMed

    Schindler, Sebastian; Wegrzyn, Martin; Steppacher, Inga; Kissler, Johanna

    2015-04-15

    The personal significance of a language statement depends on its communicative context. However, this is rarely taken into account in neuroscience studies. Here, we investigate how the implied source of single word statements alters their cortical processing. Participants' brain event-related potentials were recorded in response to identical word streams consisting of positive, negative, and neutral trait adjectives stated to either represent personal trait feedback from a human or to be randomly generated by a computer. Results showed a strong impact of perceived sender. Regardless of content, the notion of receiving feedback from a human enhanced all components, starting with the P2 and encompassing early posterior negativity (EPN), P3, and the late positive potential (LPP). Moreover, negative feedback by the "human sender" elicited a larger EPN, whereas positive feedback generally induced a larger LPP. Source estimations revealed differences between "senders" in visual areas, particularly the bilateral fusiform gyri. Likewise, emotional content enhanced activity in these areas. These results specify how even implied sender identity changes the processing of single words in seemingly realistic communicative settings, amplifying their processing in the visual brain. This suggests that the concept of motivated attention extends from stimulus significance to simultaneous appraisal of contextual relevance. Finally, consistent with distinct stages of emotional processing, at least in contexts perceived as social, humans are initially alerted to negative content, but later process what is perceived as positive feedback more intensely. PMID:25878274

  16. Is this car looking at you? How anthropomorphism predicts fusiform face area activation when seeing cars.

    PubMed

    Kühn, Simone; Brick, Timothy R; Müller, Barbara C N; Gallinat, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Anthropomorphism encompasses the attribution of human characteristics to non-living objects. In particular the human tendency to see faces in cars has long been noticed, yet its neural correlates are unknown. We set out to investigate whether the fusiform face area (FFA) is associated with seeing human features in car fronts, or whether, the higher-level theory of mind network (ToM), namely temporoparietal junction (TPJ) and medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) show a link to anthropomorphism. Twenty participants underwent fMRI scanning during a passive car-front viewing task. We extracted brain activity from FFA, TPJ and MPFC. After the fMRI session participants were asked to spontaneously list adjectives that characterize each car front. Five raters judged the degree to which each adjective can be applied as a characteristic of human beings. By means of linear mixed models we found that the implicit tendency to anthropomorphize individual car fronts predicts FFA, but not TPJ or MPFC activity. The results point to an important role of FFA in the phenomenon of ascribing human attributes to non-living objects. Interestingly, brain regions that have been associated with thinking about beliefs and mental states of others (TPJ, MPFC) do not seem to be related to anthropomorphism of car fronts. PMID:25517511

  17. The fusiform face area is engaged in holistic, not parts-based, representation of faces.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jiedong; Li, Xiaobai; Song, Yiying; Liu, Jia

    2012-01-01

    Numerous studies with functional magnetic resonance imaging have shown that the fusiform face area (FFA) in the human brain plays a key role in face perception. Recent studies have found that both the featural information of faces (e.g., eyes, nose, and mouth) and the configural information of faces (i.e., spatial relation among features) are encoded in the FFA. However, little is known about whether the featural information is encoded independent of or combined with the configural information in the FFA. Here we used multi-voxel pattern analysis to examine holistic representation of faces in the FFA by correlating spatial patterns of activation with behavioral performance in discriminating face parts with face configurations either present or absent. Behaviorally, the absence of face configurations (versus presence) impaired discrimination of face parts, suggesting a holistic representation in the brain. Neurally, spatial patterns of activation in the FFA were more similar among correct than incorrect trials only when face parts were presented in a veridical face configuration. In contrast, spatial patterns of activation in the occipital face area, as well as the object-selective lateral occipital complex, were more similar among correct than incorrect trials regardless of the presence of veridical face configurations. This finding suggests that in the FFA faces are represented not on the basis of individual parts but in terms of the whole that emerges from the parts. PMID:22792301

  18. Emotional expressions evoke a differential response in the fusiform face area

    PubMed Central

    Harry, Bronson; Williams, Mark A.; Davis, Chris; Kim, Jeesun

    2013-01-01

    It is widely assumed that the fusiform face area (FFA), a brain region specialized for face perception, is not involved in processing emotional expressions. This assumption is based on the proposition that the FFA is involved in face identification and only processes features that are invariant across changes due to head movements, speaking and expressing emotions. The present study tested this proposition by examining whether the response in the human FFA varies across emotional expressions with functional magnetic resonance imaging and brain decoding analysis techniques (n = 11). A one vs. all classification analysis showed that most emotional expressions that participants perceived could be reliably predicted from the neural pattern of activity in left and the right FFA, suggesting that the perception of different emotional expressions recruit partially non-overlapping neural mechanisms. In addition, emotional expressions could also be decoded from the pattern of activity in the early visual cortex (EVC), indicating that retinotopic cortex also shows a differential response to emotional expressions. These results cast doubt on the idea that the FFA is involved in expression invariant face processing, and instead indicate that emotional expressions evoke partially de-correlated signals throughout occipital and posterior temporal cortex. PMID:24194707

  19. Is This Car Looking at You? How Anthropomorphism Predicts Fusiform Face Area Activation when Seeing Cars

    PubMed Central

    Kühn, Simone; Brick, Timothy R.; Müller, Barbara C. N.; Gallinat, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Anthropomorphism encompasses the attribution of human characteristics to non-living objects. In particular the human tendency to see faces in cars has long been noticed, yet its neural correlates are unknown. We set out to investigate whether the fusiform face area (FFA) is associated with seeing human features in car fronts, or whether, the higher-level theory of mind network (ToM), namely temporoparietal junction (TPJ) and medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) show a link to anthropomorphism. Twenty participants underwent fMRI scanning during a passive car-front viewing task. We extracted brain activity from FFA, TPJ and MPFC. After the fMRI session participants were asked to spontaneously list adjectives that characterize each car front. Five raters judged the degree to which each adjective can be applied as a characteristic of human beings. By means of linear mixed models we found that the implicit tendency to anthropomorphize individual car fronts predicts FFA, but not TPJ or MPFC activity. The results point to an important role of FFA in the phenomenon of ascribing human attributes to non-living objects. Interestingly, brain regions that have been associated with thinking about beliefs and mental states of others (TPJ, MPFC) do not seem to be related to anthropomorphism of car fronts. PMID:25517511

  20. Spontaneous Forniceal Rupture in Pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Upputalla, Roshni; Moore, Robert M.; Jim, Belinda

    2015-01-01

    Forniceal rupture is a rare event in pregnancy. We report a case of a 26-year-old primigravid woman who experienced a forniceal rupture at 23 weeks of gestation with no inciting cause except for pregnancy. Pregnancy is associated with ureteral compression due to increase in pelvic vasculature with the right ureter more dilated due to anatomic reasons. Hormones such as prostaglandins and progesterone render the ureter more distensible to allow for pressure build-up and an obstructive picture at the collecting system. We will discuss physiologic changes in pregnancies that predispose to this uncommon phenomenon and the most up-to-date management strategies. PMID:25648411

  1. Self-Rupturing Hermetic Valve

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, Curtis E., Jr.; Sherrit, Stewart

    2011-01-01

    For commercial, military, and aerospace applications, low-cost, small, reliable, and lightweight gas and liquid hermetically sealed valves with post initiation on/off capability are highly desirable for pressurized systems. Applications include remote fire suppression, single-use system-pressurization systems, spacecraft propellant systems, and in situ instruments. Current pyrotechnic- activated rupture disk hermetic valves were designed for physically larger systems and are heavy and integrate poorly with portable equipment, aircraft, and small spacecraft and instrument systems. Additionally, current pyrotechnically activated systems impart high g-force shock loads to surrounding components and structures, which increase the risk of damage and can require additional mitigation. The disclosed mechanism addresses the need for producing a hermetically sealed micro-isolation valve for low and high pressure for commercial, aerospace, and spacecraft applications. High-precision electrical discharge machining (EDM) parts allow for the machining of mated parts with gaps less than a thousandth of an inch. These high-precision parts are used to support against pressure and extrusion, a thin hermetically welded diaphragm. This diaphragm ruptures from a pressure differential when the support is removed and/or when the plunger is forced against the diaphragm. With the addition of conventional seals to the plunger and a two-way actuator, a derivative of this design would allow nonhermetic use as an on/off or metering valve after the initial rupturing of the hermetic sealing disk. In addition, in a single-use hermetically sealed isolation valve, the valve can be activated without the use of potential leak-inducing valve body penetrations. One implementation of this technology is a high-pressure, high-flow-rate rupture valve that is self-rupturing, which is advantageous for high-pressure applications such as gas isolation valves. Once initiated, this technology is self-energizing and requires low force compared to current pyrotechnic-based burst disk hermetic valves. This is a novel design for producing a single-use, self-rupturing, hermetically sealed valve for isolation of pressurized gas and/or liquids. This design can also be applied for single-use disposable valves for chemical instruments. A welded foil diaphragm is fully supported by two mated surfaces that are machined to micron accuracies using EDM. To open the valve, one of the surfaces is moved relative to the other to (a) remove the support creating an unsupported diaphragm that ruptures due to over pressure, and/or (b) produce tension in the diaphragm and rupture it.

  2. Chordal rupture. I: aetiology and natural history.

    PubMed Central

    Oliveira, D B; Dawkins, K D; Kay, P H; Paneth, M

    1983-01-01

    Between 1970 and 1981, 12% of patients undergoing mitral valve surgery were found to have chordal rupture. Spontaneous or primary rupture accounted for 74.6% of patients (primary group); in the remainder (secondary group) chordal rupture complicated chronic rheumatic valvular disease (8.9%), bacterial endocarditis on both normal (8.5%) and rheumatic valves (4.7%), ischaemic heart disease (2.3%), acute rheumatic fever (0.5%), and osteogenesis imperfecta (0.5%). Isolated posterior rupture was seen most frequently (54%), with anterior rupture in 36% and rupture of both mitral cusps in 10% of patients. A short symptomatic history of acute mitral regurgitation was rare, occurring in only 4% of patients in either the primary or secondary groups, suggesting that mitral regurgitation due to ruptured chordae is a progressive disease. In contrast to previous reports the clinical presentation did not help to differentiate the aetiology of the chordal rupture. PMID:6626391

  3. Rupture of inferior thyroid artery aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Beal, S L; Dublin, A B; Stone, W K

    1987-08-01

    We report a case in which rupture of an aneurysm of the inferior thyroid artery caused respiratory arrest. The aneurysm was embolized successfully by an angiographic technique. Published reports of rupture of thyroid artery aneurysms are reviewed. PMID:3612969

  4. Expanded endonasal approach for the clipping of a ruptured basilar aneurysm and feeding artery to a cerebellar arteriovenous malformation.

    PubMed

    Drazin, Doniel; Zhuang, Lei; Schievink, Wouter I; Mamelak, Adam N

    2012-01-01

    While endovascular techniques play a significant and expanding role in the management of basilar trunk aneurysms, open surgical clipping remains necessary in select cases. Expanded endonasal transclival approaches offer the advantage of direct access and visualization of the midline vertebrobasilar system, benefits ideally suited to a basilar trunk aneurysm. A 59-year old woman with subarachnoid hemorrhage was found to have a ruptured basilar trunk aneurysm associated with a feeding vessel to a small cerebellar arteriovenous malformation (AVM). An expanded endoscopic endonasal transclival approach was used to successfully clip the basilar trunk aneurysm and feeding AVM vessel. The patient was subsequently discharged home without any neurological deficits. Transclival clipping of basilar trunk aneurysms is technically feasible and plays an important role in management when other strategies fail. The technical benefits of this approach include proximal and distal control of the basilar artery and improved visualization of the brainstem and perforators. Endoscopic transclival approaches should be considered in the management of complex basilar trunk aneurysms. PMID:22088948

  5. Quadriceps Tendon Rupture due to Postepileptic Convulsion.

    PubMed

    Balik, Mehmet Sabri; Erkut, Adem; Guvercin, Yilmaz; Sahin, Rifat; Keskin, Davut

    2014-06-01

    We present a case of quadriceps tendon (QT) rupture. QT ruptures can occur in all ages. The cause is mostly traumatic in origin. Spontaneous ruptures that are thought to result from predisposing conditions are rare. Post-convulsion QT ruptures lacking traumas in their history can be overlooked in clinical examinations. This should be born in mind by the attending physician, as early diagnosis and treatment of the condition can lead to satisfactory outcomes. PMID:24944977

  6. Quadriceps Tendon Rupture due to Postepileptic Convulsion

    PubMed Central

    Erkut, Adem; Guvercin, Yilmaz; Sahin, Rifat; Keskin, Davut

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of quadriceps tendon (QT) rupture. QT ruptures can occur in all ages. The cause is mostly traumatic in origin. Spontaneous ruptures that are thought to result from predisposing conditions are rare. Post-convulsion QT ruptures lacking traumas in their history can be overlooked in clinical examinations. This should be born in mind by the attending physician, as early diagnosis and treatment of the condition can lead to satisfactory outcomes. PMID:24944977

  7. RBMK pressure tube rupture assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. E. Schmitt; G. V. Tsiklauri

    1994-01-01

    The Russian RBMK reactor core design consists of multiple parallel pressure tube channels that contain Zr clad, UOâ fuel pin bundles. These parallel channels are contained within graphite moderator blocks which are, in turn, contained within a sealed core cavity. Current safety evaluation efforts of the RBMK reactors have been concentrating in the area of tube ruptures within the core

  8. Numerical model of seismic rupture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan B. Nielsen; Albert Tarantola

    1992-01-01

    Simple numerical models of the cellular automaton type have been proposed recently, as an analogy for seismic faults. Those showed interesting features of spontaneous rupture evolution or even seismic recurrence. It is possible to incorporate realistic rheology and tensorial physics into this kind of model, to extend it to a portion of crust instead of a single fault-plane and to

  9. A Retrospective Analysis of Ruptured Breast Implants

    PubMed Central

    Baek, Woo Yeol; Lew, Dae Hyun

    2014-01-01

    Background Rupture is an important complication of breast implants. Before cohesive gel silicone implants, rupture rates of both saline and silicone breast implants were over 10%. Through an analysis of ruptured implants, we can determine the various factors related to ruptured implants. Methods We performed a retrospective review of 72 implants that were removed for implant rupture between 2005 and 2014 at a single institution. The following data were collected: type of implants (saline or silicone), duration of implantation, type of implant shell, degree of capsular contracture, associated symptoms, cause of rupture, diagnostic tools, and management. Results Forty-five Saline implants and 27 silicone implants were used. Rupture was diagnosed at a mean of 5.6 and 12 years after insertion of saline and silicone implants, respectively. There was no association between shell type and risk of rupture. Spontaneous was the most common reason for the rupture. Rupture management was implant change (39 case), microfat graft (2 case), removal only (14 case), and follow-up loss (17 case). Conclusions Saline implants have a shorter average duration of rupture, but diagnosis is easier and safer, leading to fewer complications. Previous-generation silicone implants required frequent follow-up observation, and it is recommended that they be changed to a cohesive gel implant before hidden rupture occurs. PMID:25396188

  10. Expert individuation of objects increases activation in the fusiform face area of children.

    PubMed

    James, Thomas W; James, Karin Harman

    2013-02-15

    The role of experience in the development of brain mechanisms for face recognition is intensely debated. Experience with subordinate- and individual-level classification of faces is thought, by some, to be foundational in the development of the specialization of face recognition. Studying children with extremely intense interests (EII) provides an opportunity to examine experience-related changes in non-face object recognition in a population where face expertise is not fully developed. Here, two groups of school-aged children -one group with an EII with Pokémon cards and another group of age-matched controls - underwent fMRI while viewing faces, Pokémon characters, Pokémon objects, and Digimon characters. Pokémon objects were non-character Pokémon cards that experts do not typically individuate during game play and trading. Neither experts nor controls had previous experience with Digimon characters. As expected, experts and controls showed equivalent activation in the fusiform face area (FFA) with face stimuli. As predicted by the expertise hypothesis, experts showed greater activation than controls with Pokémon characters, and showed greater activation with Pokémon characters than Pokémon objects. Experts and controls showed equivalent activation with Digimon characters. However, heightened activation with Digimon characters in both groups suggested that there are other strong influences on the activation of the FFA beyond stimulus characteristics, experience, and classification level. By demonstrating the important role of expertise, the findings are inconsistent with a purely face-specific account of FFA function. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of the effects of expertise and categorization level on activation in the FFA in a group of typically developing children. PMID:23153968

  11. Rupture directivity of small earthquakes at Parkfield

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kane, Deborah L.; Shearer, Peter M.; Goertz-Allmann, Bettina P.; Vernon, Frank L.

    2013-01-01

    AbstractTheoretical modeling of strike-slip <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> along a bimaterial interface suggests that earthquakes initiating on the interface will have a preferred <span class="hlt">rupture</span> direction. We test this model with 450 small earthquakes (2 < M < 5) from Parkfield, California, to look for evidence of consistent <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity along the San Andreas Fault. We analyze azimuthal variations in earthquake source spectra after applying an iterative correction for wave propagation effects. Our approach avoids directly modeling source spectra because these models generally assume symmetric <span class="hlt">rupture</span>; instead, we look for azimuthal variations in the amplitudes of the source spectra over specified frequency bands. Our overall results show similar proportions of events exhibiting characteristics of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity toward either the southeast or northwest. However, the proportion of events with southeast <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity increases as we limit the data set to larger magnitudes, with 70% of the 46 events M > 3 exhibiting southeast <span class="hlt">rupture</span> characteristics. Some spatial and temporal variability in <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity is also apparent. We observe a higher proportion of northwest directivity <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> following the 2004 M 6 Parkfield earthquake, which <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> toward the northwest. Our results are generally consistent with the preferred southeast <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity model but suggest that directivity is likely due to several contributing factors.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006AGUFM.S31A0181T"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Velocities of Small Earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Tomic, J.; Houston, H.</p> <p>2006-12-01</p> <p>Whether the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process of small earthquakes differs from those of large earthquakes has been a long- standing question in seismology. Recent proposals as to whether and how the physics of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> may change with earthquake size have sparked interest in the energy budget, which depends strongly on the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity (Vr). Small earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities have proved difficult to determine due to the strong attenuation of high-frequency waves. We analyze P and S waves of small earthquakes to detect <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity and constrain Vr. We apply the projected Landweber deconvolution (PLD) method to a data set of 30 earthquakes 3.6<M<4.5 recorded by the HiNet seismic array. We use small aftershocks as empirical Green's functions (EGF) to deconvolve from the main shocks and obtain the relative source time functions (RSTF). The EGF approach removes the effects of complex structure between the earthquakes and the stations. Variation in RSTFs with azimuth yields estimates of Vr for 6 earthquakes from 0.4 to 0.9?. Our results are broadly consistent with those of Yamada and Mori (JGR, 2005) and McGuire (BSSA, 2004). We now explore the implications of the range in Vr for static stress drop (??), and the ratio of radiated energy to seismic moment, which are interrelated. Kanamori and Rivera (BSSA, 2004) discuss how Vr and ?? must change with earthquake moment, if the ratio of energy to moment ? increases with moment, as has been suggested by various studies. There is currently no consensus that such a change in this ratio truly occurs. The increase in the energy-to- moment ratio is controlled by the relation between moment and corner frequency, which has moment inversely proportional to corner frequency raised to the power (3 + ?). Data compiled in Kanamori and Rivera suggests ? of 0.5. Then Vr of 0.4 to 0.9? for M3 events require that ?? of M3 events range from 1 to 0.1 respectively, of that of M7 events. More constraints on <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities of small earthquakes will help to resolve possible changes in the energy budget, and thus earthquake physics, with earthquake size.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16281033"><span id="translatedtitle">The deterministic nature of earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Olson, Erik L; Allen, Richard M</p> <p>2005-11-10</p> <p>Understanding the earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is central to our understanding of fault systems and earthquake hazards. Multiple hypotheses concerning the nature of fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> have been proposed but no unifying theory has emerged. The conceptual hypothesis most commonly cited is the cascade model for fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. In the cascade model, slip initiates on a small fault patch and continues to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> further across a fault plane as long as the conditions are favourable. Two fundamental implications of this domino-like theory are that small earthquakes begin in the same manner as large earthquakes and that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is not deterministic--that is, the size of the earthquake cannot be determined until the cessation of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Here we show that the frequency content of radiated seismic energy within the first few seconds of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> scales with the final magnitude of the event. We infer that the magnitude of an earthquake can therefore be estimated before the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is complete. This finding implies that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is to some degree deterministic and has implications for the physics of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process. PMID:16281033</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26140340"><span id="translatedtitle">Real-time Monitoring of the Lateral Spread Response Resulting from Serial Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm Caused by a <span class="hlt">Fusiform</span> Aneurysm.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Lee, Sung Ho; Choi, Seok Keun; Kim, Johnho</p> <p>2015-07-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Fusiform</span> aneurysm as a cause of hemifacial spasm (HFS) is an extremely rare condition. A 69-year-old man developed paroxysmal spasm of his left side facial muscles over a period of 5 years. Radiologic images demonstrated a left vertebral artery (VA) <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> aneurysm compressing the root entry zone of the left facial nerve. The patient underwent serial surgical procedures for the treatment of HFS under intraoperative electromyography monitoring. Lateral spread response (LSR) did not disappear despite 5 minutes of extracranial left VA ligation and remained after cerebrospinal fluid drainage after dura opening. After interposition of the VA through Teflon felt insertion, the LSR finally disappeared. The patient became symptom free immediately after the surgery and continued as such throughout a follow-up period of 1 year. This is the first report involving real-time monitoring of the LSR changes resulting from serial procedures of decompression in an HFS caused by a <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> aneurysm of the VA. PMID:26140340</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015GeoJI.201...70P"><span id="translatedtitle">Influence of initial stress and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> initiation parameters on forbidden zone <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Payne, R. M.; Duan, B.</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>Well established theoretical and numerical results of 2-D <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> have been accepted for years to limit the speed of mode II cracks to be below the Rayleigh velocity or above the shear wave speed. However, recent work has numerically produced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speeds in this so-called `forbidden zone', that is the region of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities between the Rayleigh wave speed and the shear wave speed, for 3-D simulations. We verify that finding here and further examine the dependence of that behaviour on initial stress and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> initiation parameters. Using a 3-D finite element model for dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation, numerical experiments were performed for different initial stress conditions as well as different size initiation patches and forced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities. It is shown that the initial stress on the fault has a strong influence on the resulting <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, specifically with regards to the distance at which the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> transitions to supershear speeds, the maximum <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity attained on the fault, and how rapidly the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> passes through the forbidden zone. It is also demonstrated that for the same initial stress, increasing the size of the nucleation patch or the speed of forced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> can artificially increase the gradient of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity within the forbidden zone. This suggests that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is uniquely predetermined by the stress state and material properties of the fault and surrounding medium in these models.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24038902"><span id="translatedtitle">Functional characterization and differential coactivation patterns of two cytoarchitectonic visual areas on the human posterior <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Caspers, Julian; Zilles, Karl; Amunts, Katrin; Laird, Angela R; Fox, Peter T; Eickhoff, Simon B</p> <p>2014-06-01</p> <p>The ventral stream of the human extrastriate visual cortex shows a considerable functional heterogeneity from early visual processing (posterior) to higher, domain-specific processing (anterior). The <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus hosts several of those "high-level" functional areas. We recently found a subdivision of the posterior <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus on the microstructural level, that is, two distinct cytoarchitectonic areas, FG1 and FG2 (Caspers et al., Brain Structure & Function, 2013). To gain a first insight in the function of these two areas, here we studied their behavioral involvement and coactivation patterns by means of meta-analytic connectivity modeling based on the BrainMap database (www.brainmap.org), using probabilistic maps of these areas as seed regions. The coactivation patterns of the areas support the concept of a common involvement in a core network subserving different cognitive tasks, that is, object recognition, visual language perception, or visual attention. In addition, the analysis supports the previous cytoarchitectonic parcellation, indicating that FG1 appears as a transitional area between early and higher visual cortex and FG2 as a higher-order one. The latter area is furthermore lateralized, as it shows strong relations to the visual language processing system in the left hemisphere, while its right side is stronger associated with face selective regions. These findings indicate that functional lateralization of area FG2 relies on a different pattern of connectivity rather than side-specific cytoarchitectonic features. PMID:24038902</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30822950"><span id="translatedtitle">Bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> — A case report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>T. K. Kaar; M. O’Brien; P. Murray; G. B. Mullan</p> <p>1993-01-01</p> <p>Summary  The diagnosis of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon is made relatively infrequently and bilateral simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a\\u000a rarity. We report a case of spontaneous bilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon in a patient with documented chronic renal\\u000a insufficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism. A predisposing cause to the condition as obtained in this case, has been\\u000a described in cases previously published</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19730014827&hterms=Patent+search&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3D%2522Patent%2Bsearch%2522"><span id="translatedtitle">Investigation of cryogenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> disc design</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Keough, J. B.; Oldland, A. H.</p> <p>1973-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> disc designs of both the active (command actuated) and passive (pressure <span class="hlt">ruptured</span>) types were evaluated for performance characteristics at cryogenic temperatures and for capability to operate in a variety of cryogens, including gaseous and liquid fluorine. The test results, coupled with information from literature and industry searches, were used to establish a statement of design criteria and recommended practices for application of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> discs to cryogenic rocket propellant feed and vent systems.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1237870"><span id="translatedtitle">Tendon <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> Associated With Corticosteroid Therapy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Halpern, Alan A.; Horowitz, Bruce G.; Nagel, Donald A.</p> <p>1977-01-01</p> <p>In five patients, tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> occurred in association with corticosteroid therapy, either systemic or local infiltration. The chronic nature of the pain in all of these patients suggests that what we often call tendinitis may in fact be early or partial <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of tendons. Patients who receive local infiltration of corticosteroids should perhaps be advised of the risk of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> tendon. In addition, particularly when the Achilles tendon is involved, immobilization should be utilized initially for a presumed tendinitis or early <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, to protect the tendon from further injury. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2. PMID:919538</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23955186"><span id="translatedtitle">Quadriceps and patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Lee, Dennis; Stinner, Daniel; Mir, Hassan</p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>The diagnosis of quadriceps and patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> requires a high index of suspicion and thorough history-taking to assess for medical comorbidities that may predispose patients to tendon degeneration. Radiographic assessment with plain films supplemented by ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging when the work-up is equivocal further aids diagnosis; however, advanced imaging is often unnecessary in patients with functional extensor mechanism deficits. Acute repair is preferred, and transpatellar bone tunnels serve as the primary form of fixation when the tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> occurs at the patellar insertion, with or without augmentation depending on surgeon preference. Chronic tears and disruptions following total knee arthroplasty are special cases requiring reconstructions with allograft, synthetic mesh, or autograft. Rehabilitation protocols generally allow immediate weight-bearing with the knee locked in extension and crutch support. Limited arc motion is started early with active flexion and passive extension and then advanced progressively, followed by full active range of motion and strengthening. Complications are few but include quadriceps atrophy, knee stiffness, and rerupture. Outcomes are excellent if repair is done acutely, with poorer outcomes associated with delayed repair. PMID:23955186</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");'>4</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li class="active"><span>6</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_6 --> <div id="page_7" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li class="active"><span>7</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="121"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/14535338"><span id="translatedtitle">High-resolution imaging of the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area (FFA) using multivariate non-linear classifiers shows diagnosticity for non-face categories</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Stephen José Hanson; Arielle Schmidt</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Does the “<span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area” (FFA) code only for faces? This question continues to elude the neuroimaging field due to at least two kinds of problems: first, the relatively low spatial resolution of fMRI in which the FFA was defined and second, the potential bias inherent in prevailing statistical methods for analyzing the actual diagnosticity of cortical tissue. Using high-resolution</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49567589"><span id="translatedtitle">Fatal lower extremity varicose vein <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Garyfalia Ampanozi; Ulrich Preiss; Gary M. Hatch; Wolf Dieter Zech; Thomas Ketterer; Stephan Bolliger; Michael J. Thali; Thomas D. Ruder</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Varicose vein <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare cause of death, although varicosities are a common pathology. We present three cases of sudden death due to varicose vein <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. After a review of the literature, the case circumstances and the findings of imaging examination, performed in two cases, are presented. One of them had undergone a post-mortem computed tomography angiography (PMCTA), and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/m8m84318h084v172.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Magnetic resonance imaging in acute tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Richard H. Daffner; Barry L. Riemer; Anthony R. Lupetin; Nilima Dash</p> <p>1986-01-01</p> <p>The diagnosis of acute tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the extensor mechanism of the knee or the Achilles tendon of the ankle may usually be made by clinical means. Massive soft tissue swelling accompanying these injuries often obscures the findings, however. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can rapidly demonstrate these tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. Examples of the use of MRI for quadriceps tendon, and Achilles</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22561379"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous and spontaneous bilateral quadriceps tendons <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Celik, Evrim Co?kun; Ozbaydar, Mehmet; Ofluoglu, Demet; Demircay, Emre</p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>Simultaneous and spontaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is an uncommon injury that is usually seen in association with multiple medical conditions and some medications. We report a case of simultaneous and spontaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> that may be related to the long-term use of a statin. PMID:22561379</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30371419"><span id="translatedtitle">Ultrasound Diagnosis of Quadriceps Tendon <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Brian G. LaRocco; George Zlupko; Paul Sierzenski</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are an uncommon knee injury. The diagnosis is often complicated by a limited examination secondary to edema and pain, the insensitivity of radiographs, and the unavailability of non-emergent magnetic resonance imaging. A delay in diagnosis and treatment has been shown to cause significant morbidity. A case report of bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is presented demonstrating the utility</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25728450"><span id="translatedtitle">Aortic valve <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during isometric muscle contraction.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Payne, Darrin M; Richards, Tammy; Hamilton, Andrew</p> <p>2015-05-01</p> <p>Aortic valve <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has been previously reported in association with blunt chest trauma as well as spontaneously in the setting of abnormal valves. We present a case of a patient who required emergent aortic valve replacement following <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of his aortic valve during an isometric muscle contraction. PMID:25728450</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://ejcts.ctsnetjournals.org/cgi/reprint/21/4/649.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Iatrogenic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the tracheobronchial tree</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>H. S. Hofmann; G. Rettig; J. Radke; H. Neef; R. E Silber</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>Objective: Iatrogenic tracheobronchial <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are seldom but severe complications after intubation or bronchoscopy. Therefore, we evaluated the reasons, the subsequent therapy and the outcome of patients with tracheal <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, who were admitted to our hospital. Methods: In a retrospective study we examined 19 patients (15 women, four men; 43–87 years) treated for acute tracheobronchial lesions. Eleven (58%) patients had a</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25468102"><span id="translatedtitle">Free wall <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after arterial switch operation.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Gil-Jaurena, Juan-Miguel; Aroca, Ángel; Pérez-Caballero, Ramón; Pita, Ana</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>A neonate underwent arterial switch operation, supported on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for 3 days. Two weeks later, a pseudoaneurysm was seen on an echocardiogram, and a free wall <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was suggested. Prompt surgery was performed, a free wall <span class="hlt">rupture</span> assessed, and a patch with BioGlue was applied successfully. One year later, the child is in good condition. PMID:25468102</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/24812576"><span id="translatedtitle">Management of acute tendo Achillis <span class="hlt">ruptures</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Adam Ajis; Nicola Maffulli</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>Acute <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the tendo Achillis are increasingly frequent, and affect mainly middle-aged adults. The optimal management of acute <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the tendo Achillis is widely debated. The contentious issues can be summarised into conservative versus operative management, early versus late mobilisation and, if operative management is selected, percutaneous versus open repair. In general, rerupture is more common after non-operative</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24126835"><span id="translatedtitle">Receptor architecture of visual areas in the face and word-form recognition region of the posterior <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Caspers, Julian; Palomero-Gallagher, Nicola; Caspers, Svenja; Schleicher, Axel; Amunts, Katrin; Zilles, Karl</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Recently, two extrastriate visual areas on the posterior <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus, areas FG1 and FG2, were identified based on cytoarchitectonical criteria (Caspers et al. in Brain Struct Funct 218:511-526, 2013a). They are located within the object-related ventral visual stream at the transition between early and higher-order (category-specific) visual areas. FG2 has a topographical position which is best comparable to the face or visual word-form recognition area. However, the precise function of FG2 is presently unknown. Since transmitter receptors are key molecules of neurotransmission, we analysed the regional and laminar distribution of 15 different receptor binding sites by means of quantitative in vitro receptor autoradiography. Significant differences between receptor densities of both areas were found for NMDA, GABAB, M3, nicotinic ?4/?2 and 5-HT1A receptors as well as for GABAA associated benzodiazepine binding sites. These results support the cytoarchitectonic segregation of FG1 and FG2 into two distinct cortical areas. In addition, principal component and hierarchical cluster analyses of the multireceptor data of both <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> areas and 24 visual, auditory, somatosensory and multimodal association areas not only revealed the typical receptor architectonic characteristics of visual areas for FG1 and FG2, but also suggest their putative function as object recognition regions due to the similarity of their receptor fingerprints with those of areas of the ventral visual stream. Furthermore, FG1 and FG2 build a cluster with the multimodal association areas of the inferior parietal lobule. This underlines their hierarchically high position in the visual system of the human cerebral cortex. PMID:24126835</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26054172"><span id="translatedtitle">[Idiopathic bilateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Choufani, C; Barthélemy, R; Danis, J; Demoures, Th; Rigal, S</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>In the absence of systemic disease, specific treatment or sport tendonitis, simultaneous bilateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is rare. Often missed on the first glance, it represents a diagnostic difficulty that should not be overlooked at the initial medical visit. The loss of active extension of the lower limb and a radiographic patella alta, even in a bilateral context, should raise suspicion of this diagnosis. It is then necessary to search for predisposing causes and to evoke the differential, or frequently associated, diagnoses. The present report illustrates these diagnostic difficulties and summarizes some clinical considerations that might help to avoid neglecting these different elements at the first medical visit (positive diagnosis, associated lesions, favouring factors). PMID:26054172</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.S13D..07U"><span id="translatedtitle">Dynamic Interface <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> in Extremely Heterogeneous Media</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Uenishi, K.; Tsuji, K.</p> <p>2007-12-01</p> <p>Fracture experiments of monolithic brittle materials usually show the maximum speed of smooth <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at some 30 % of the relevant shear wave speed. This experimental maximum <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed is by far lower than those predicted by theories and inferred from inversions of seismograms, and some seismic inversions (e.g., the 1979 Imperial Valley, 1992 Landers, 1999 Izmit, 2001 the central Kunlunshan and 2002 Denali earthquakes) even suggest the existence of supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speeds (i.e., <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagating faster than the relevant shear wave). Recently, Uenishi et al. ( SSJ Fall Meeting, 2004, 2005; AGU Fall Meeting, 2006) experimentally investigated dynamic fracture in monolithic hyperelastic materials under static mode-§ loading conditions with relatively high crack-parallel stresses. Using a high-speed digital video camera system, they showed that cracks may propagate supersonically even in homogeneous materials. However, the exact mechanism for <span class="hlt">rupture</span> nucleation and the transition of a nucleated <span class="hlt">rupture</span> from sub-Rayleigh to super-shear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed has not been identified yet. In this contribution, we further develop our experimental system and investigate dynamic fracture in extremely heterogeneous media, consisting of thin fluid and solid films: Inside a wire frame (50mm high, 50mm wide), a flat soap film contacts a flat thin solid plastic film (20mm high, 20mm wide), under static tensile loading conditions. The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (crack), initiated at a point, propagates subsonically in the linear elastic fluid film (see e.g., Uenishi et al., SSJ Fall Meeting, 2006, for the dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in monolithic fluid films). When the circular <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front reaches the interface, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> advances along the interface and then it is "diffracted" at the two corners of the interface. We record the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation process utilizing our high-speed digital video camera at a frame rate of 20 ?s (20×10-6s). The observed results show that interface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation may accelerate (or even decelerate) and the dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior is very sensitive to the geometry of the interface between the two films: (1) When the subsonic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front reaches the first rectangular corner, it accelerates around the corner and then advances supersonically along the interface; and (2) when the supersonic interface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front approaches the second corner (obtuse with respect to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front in fluid), it bifurcates for a short period (400 ?s): the first branch unexpectedly expands rather straight into the bulk and the second one propagates along the interface at a lower speed; At a later stage, again unexpectedly, the first branched crack decelerates significantly in the bulk and the two cracks eventually merge into a single crack. The overall behavior is - in some sense - similar to that of the oblique shock and Prandtl- Meyer expansion waves in fluid mechanics, and it might give new insights not only into the question of high <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speeds of natural earthquakes but also into the generation mechanism of tsunamis. u.ac.jp/~uenishi/</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25748805"><span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> tiny middle cerebral artery aneurysm].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kawahara, Ichiro; Tsutsumi, Keisuke; Fujimoto, Takashi; Hirose, Makoto; Shirakawa, Yasushi; Toba, Tamotsu</p> <p>2015-03-01</p> <p>With new neuroimaging techniques, the detection rate of unruptured intracranial aneurysms has increased. While most detected aneurysms are small and left untreated because of the low risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, we still encounter many cases of small aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Middle cerebral artery(MCA)aneurysms have lower risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> compared to those in the anterior cerebral or internal carotid-posterior communicating arteries. Identification of small aneurysms with a high risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is important to improve management of these aneurysms. We report 10 cases of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> tiny(<3mm)MCA aneurysms. All patients underwent clipping and nine had good outcomes. One patient had poor outcome due to the worsening of chronic heart failure and kidney failure. A tiny aneurysm can <span class="hlt">rupture</span> if the aneurysmal wall is fragile. Therefore, the fragility of the aneurysmal wall is an important predictive factor of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Presently, however, it is difficult to determine when an operation for an unruptured tiny aneurysm is indicated; new neuroimaging techniques that detect the fragility of the aneurysmal wall are needed. PMID:25748805</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25669735"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of renal angiomyolipoma during childbirth.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Orywal, Ann Kathrin; Zeile, Martin; Brüning, Roland; Gross, Andreas J; Netsch, Christopher</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign tumor of the kidney, originating from perivascular epithelioid cells. Normally asymptomatic, symptoms that can occur are flank pain due to strong growth or spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with retroperitoneal hemorrhage and hypovolemic shock. The risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is higher during pregnancy and also growth can be enhanced, probably hormone mediated. We report a case of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> renal angiomyolipoma during childbirth in a woman who presented with hypovolemic shock as a result of retroperitoneal hemorrhage. Emergency endovascular treatment was successful with sparing most of the affected kidney as demonstrated by angiography imaging and follow-up computed tomographic scan. PMID:25669735</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~steveday/PUBLISHED/Dalguer_etal_SurfSubsurf.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Surface <span class="hlt">Rupturing</span> and Buried Dynamic-<span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Models Calibrated with Statistical Observations of Past Earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Luis A. Dalguer; Hiroe Miyake; Steven M. Day; Kojiro Irikura</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>In the context of the slip-weakening friction model and simplified asper- ity models for stress state, we calibrate dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> models for buried and surface-<span class="hlt">rupturing</span> earthquakes constrained with statistical observations of past earth- quakes. These observations are the kinematic source models derived from source in- versions of ground-motion and empirical source models of seismic moment and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> area. The calibrated</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29285122"><span id="translatedtitle">Patella baja following chronic quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Michael Hockings; John C. Cameron</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Patella baja is a complication of chronic quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. In this case we present the treatment of this problem by the proximal transfer of the tibial tubercle allowing an environment in which the quadriceps tendon can heal.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6752786"><span id="translatedtitle">Pregnancy-related <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of arterial aneurysms.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Barrett, J M; Van Hooydonk, J E; Boehm, F H</p> <p>1982-09-01</p> <p>Over 50 per cent of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> arterial aneurysms in women under the age of 40 are pregnancy-related. The hemodynamic and endocrine changes of pregnancy appear to be the cause of arterial alterations which may lead to new aneurysm formation and/or weakening of preexisting aneurysms. The most commonly reported arteries to have aneurysms <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during pregnancy are the aorta, cerebral arteries, splenic artery, renal artery, coronary artery, and ovarian artery. In many instances, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an arterial aneurysm will initially simulate other less serious disease processes, thus delaying the correct diagnosis until a catastrophic event occurs. Early diagnosis and treatment of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> arterial aneurysm are imperative in order to give optimal chances of survival to the mother and fetus. PMID:6752786</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25697302"><span id="translatedtitle">Haemorrhagic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of hepatic simple cysts.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Simon, Tiarah; Bakker, Ilsalien S; Penninga, Luit; Nellensteijn, David R</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Haemorrhagic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a life-threatening complication of a hepatic simple cyst. A 63-year-old man presented with severe acute abdominal pain and a massive haemoperitoneum resulting from haemorrhagic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a large hepatic cyst. The haemorrhagic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was aggravated by an overdose of vitamin K-antagonist treatment. CT scans revealed a large hepatic simple cyst. The patient was successfully treated conservatively with resuscitation, transfusion therapy and administration of coagulation agents. To date, there is no clear evidence regarding optimal treatment of haemorrhagic hepatic cyst <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The risk of recurrent bleeding from the haemorrhagic hepatic simple cyst, and the need for final treatment to avoid rebleeding either by percutaneous sclerotherapy, endovascular embolisation, surgical cyst resection, or surgical deroofing, is discussed. PMID:25697302</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/6246"><span id="translatedtitle">FRP <span class="hlt">rupture</span> strains in FRP wrapped columns </span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Li, Shiqing</p> <p>2012-06-25</p> <p>Applying lateral confinement to concrete columns using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites is a very promising technique. FRP <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is the typical failure mode of FRP wrapped columns under axial compression. numerous ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13894242"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of bacteria by explosive decompression.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>FOSTER, J W; COWAN, R M; MAAG, T A</p> <p>1962-02-01</p> <p>Foster, John W. (University of Georgia, Athens), Robert M. Cowan, and Ted A. Maag. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of bacteria by explosive decompression. J. Bacteriol. 83:330-334. 1962.-A device is described for instantaneously <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> bacteria and other cells in a closed system under controlled conditions by explosive decompression. With this device, 31 to 59% of Serratia marcescens, ranging up to 20 mg (dry wt) of cells per ml, were <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> after nitrogen saturation at 1740 psi. Under similar conditions, 10 to 25% of Brucella abortus and Staphylococcus aureus were <span class="hlt">ruptured</span>. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of these organisms produced readily separable cell walls. Centrifugation in linear glycerol gradients was applied to further separate cell walls from debris. Mycoplasma gallinarum, Leptospira pomona, and Eimeria tenella (avian coccidia) oöcysts were also broken up by the decompression chamber. Pressure and duration of saturation of cells with gas affected <span class="hlt">rupture</span> efficiency. Within the limits of this study, concentration of organisms and volume of suspensions did not have a definite effect. PMID:13894242</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li class="active"><span>7</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_7 --> <div id="page_8" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li class="active"><span>8</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="141"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30740694"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon with contralateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the patellar tendon in an otherwise healthy athlete</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>N I Munshi; C E Mbubaegbu</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>A case of a healthy athlete with simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of quadriceps tendon and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the contralateral patella tendon is reported. Both tendons <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> in the same patient is rare and this is the first reported case in a previously healthy person. Different mechanisms are implicated in the different <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. The rarity is because the simultaneous presence of contributory factors</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24874919"><span id="translatedtitle">5-HTTLPR/rs25531 polymorphism and neuroticism are linked by resting state functional connectivity of amygdala and <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kruschwitz, J D; Walter, M; Varikuti, D; Jensen, J; Plichta, M M; Haddad, L; Grimm, O; Mohnke, S; Pöhland, L; Schott, B; Wold, A; Mühleisen, T W; Heinz, A; Erk, S; Romanczuk-Seiferth, N; Witt, S H; Nöthen, M M; Rietschel, M; Meyer-Lindenberg, A; Walter, H</p> <p>2015-07-01</p> <p>The s/s-genotype of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and the personality trait of neuroticism have both been associated with experiences of negative affect, anxiety and mood disorders, as well as an emotional processing bias towards negative facial emotions. On a neural level, this bias can be characterized by altered amygdala and <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus (FFG) activity during perception of negative facial expressions. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging in a multi-center-sample of 178 healthy subjects of European descent, this study investigated the association of 5-HTTLPR (short s- and long l-allele) including the genotype of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs25531 (A/G) within this region polymorphism, and trait neuroticism on resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) between amygdala and the FFG. Moreover, we aimed to identify additional brain regions with associations of 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 (combined according to its expression; low: s/s; high: lA/lA; intermediate: s/lA, s/lG, lG/lG, lA/lG) and trait neuroticism to amygdala rs-FC. Separate analyses for 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 and neuroticism (controlling for age, gender, handedness, and research site) revealed that s/s-homozygotes and individuals high in neuroticism obtained altered amygdala rs-FC in the right occipital face area, which is considered to be a "core component" of the face processing system. Importantly, effects of neuroticism were replicated across three independent research sites. Additionally, associations of 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 genotype and amygdala rs-FC were observed in the anterior and posterior cingulate cortex, whereas neuroticism was not related to rs-FC in these areas. The presented data implies that 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 variants and neuroticism are linked by resting state functional connectivity of amygdala and <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus and suggests that variants of 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 genotype and different levels of neuroticism may partly account for altered processing of negative facial emotions. PMID:24874919</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25632131"><span id="translatedtitle">Neural decoding reveals impaired face configural processing in the right <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area of individuals with developmental prosopagnosia.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Zhang, Jiedong; Liu, Jia; Xu, Yaoda</p> <p>2015-01-28</p> <p>Most of human daily social interactions rely on the ability to successfully recognize faces. Yet ?2% of the human population suffers from face blindness without any acquired brain damage [this is also known as developmental prosopagnosia (DP) or congenital prosopagnosia]). Despite the presence of severe behavioral face recognition deficits, surprisingly, a majority of DP individuals exhibit normal face selectivity in the right <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area (FFA), a key brain region involved in face configural processing. This finding, together with evidence showing impairments downstream from the right FFA in DP individuals, has led some to argue that perhaps the right FFA is largely intact in DP individuals. Using fMRI multivoxel pattern analysis, here we report the discovery of a neural impairment in the right FFA of DP individuals that may play a critical role in mediating their face-processing deficits. In seven individuals with DP, we discovered that, despite the right FFA's preference for faces and it showing decoding for the different face parts, it exhibited impaired face configural decoding and did not contain distinct neural response patterns for the intact and the scrambled face configurations. This abnormality was not present throughout the ventral visual cortex, as normal neural decoding was found in an adjacent object-processing region. To our knowledge, this is the first direct neural evidence showing impaired face configural processing in the right FFA in individuals with DP. The discovery of this neural impairment provides a new clue to our understanding of the neural basis of DP. PMID:25632131</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22159512"><span id="translatedtitle">Preparation and certification of hijiki reference material, NMIJ CRM 7405-a, from the edible marine algae hijiki (Hizikia <span class="hlt">fusiforme</span>).</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Narukawa, Tomohiro; Inagaki, Kazumi; Zhu, Yanbei; Kuroiwa, Takayoshi; Narushima, Izumi; Chiba, Koichi; Hioki, Akiharu</p> <p>2012-02-01</p> <p>A certified reference material, NMIJ CRM 7405-a, for the determination of trace elements and As(V) in algae was developed from the edible marine hijiki (Hizikia <span class="hlt">fusiforme</span>) and certified by the National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ), the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). Hijiki was collected from the Pacific coast in the Kanto area of Japan, and was washed, dried, powdered, and homogenized. The hijiki powder was placed in 400 bottles (ca. 20 g each). The concentrations of 18 trace elements and As(V) were determined by two to four independent analytical techniques, including (ID)ICP-(HR)MS, ICP-OES, GFAAS, and HPLC-ICP-MS using calibration solutions prepared from the elemental standard solution of Japan calibration service system (JCSS) and the NMIJ CRM As(V) solution, and whose concentrations are certified and SI traceable. The uncertainties of all the measurements and preparation procedures were evaluated. The values of 18 trace elements and As(V) in the CRM were certified with uncertainty (k = 2). PMID:22159512</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26055584"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of unscarred uterus in a primigravida with preterm prelabour <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Mourad, Wael Sayed; Bersano, Debbra J; Greenspan, Peter B; Harper, Diane Medved</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Intrapartum uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a true obstetrical emergency. Uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is associated with severe maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It is rare in the unscarred uterus of a primigravida. A 23-year-old primigravida with an unscarred uterus was admitted with preterm prelabour <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes at 36(+4)?weeks of gestation. Abnormal fetal heart monitoring, associated with acute onset of severe abdominopelvic pain, developed on admission. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> occurred prior to onset of regular uterine contractions and in the absence of any interventional oxytocin. The neonate had evidence of severe acidosis despite emergency caesarean delivery. This case highlights the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion for uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, even in the unlikely setting of a primigravida with an unscarred uterus. PMID:26055584</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15663050"><span id="translatedtitle">Nonoperative management of neonatal splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Driscoll, Karen; Benjamin, Louis C; Gilbert, James C; Chahine, A Alfred</p> <p>2004-12-01</p> <p>Neonatal injury of the spleen is an uncommon but serious condition. Although the standard management of children with splenic injury is nonoperative, there is scant evidence in the literature to support handling neonates in the same way. We report a case of neonatal splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> that was managed nonoperatively. A 3.6-kg full-term female born vaginally became tachycardic and pale on the second day of life. She had a distended abdomen and a hemoglobin of 5.8 g/dL. Her blood pressure remained within normal limits. She was transfused 20 cc/kg packed red blood cells. CT scan showed a grade V splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Coagulopathy workup was negative. The assumption was that she had a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> spleen secondary to a traumatic delivery. She remained stable after the transfusion. It took 32 weeks for a CT scan to show complete healing. Traditionally, neonatal splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has been treated with splenectomy or splenorrhaphy. The first case of a neonate to be treated nonoperatively was reported in 2000. Our patient is only the second reported case. We chose to follow her with imaging to document healing and to rule out a tumor, as epidermoid cysts and hemangioendotheliomas can cause neonatal splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. We also review the literature to try to gain some insight into the management of this rare problem. PMID:15663050</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25577259"><span id="translatedtitle">Linguine sign in musculoskeletal imaging: calf silicone implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Duryea, Dennis; Petscavage-Thomas, Jonelle; Frauenhoffer, Elizabeth E; Walker, Eric A</p> <p>2015-08-01</p> <p>Imaging findings of breast silicone implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> are well described in the literature. On MRI, the linguine sign indicates intracapsular <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, while the presence of silicone particles outside the fibrous capsule indicates extracapsular <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The linguine sign is described as the thin, wavy hypodense wall of the implant within the hyperintense silicone on T2-weighted images indicative of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the implant within the naturally formed fibrous capsule. Hyperintense T2 signal outside of the fibrous capsule is indicative of an extracapsular <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with silicone granuloma formation. We present a rare case of a patient with a silicone calf implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and discuss the MRI findings associated with this condition. PMID:25577259</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/1502.03207v1"><span id="translatedtitle">Capillary <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of suspended polymer concentric rings</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Zheng Zhang; G. C. Hilton; Ronggui Yang; Yifu Ding</p> <p>2015-02-11</p> <p>We present the first experimental study on the simultaneous capillary instability amongst viscous concentric rings suspended atop an immiscible medium. The rings <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> upon annealing, with three types of phase correlation between neighboring rings. In the case of weak substrate confinement, the rings <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> independently when they were sparsely distanced, but via an out-of-phase mode when packed closer. If the substrate confinement was strong, the rings would <span class="hlt">rupture</span> via an in-phase mode, resulting in radially aligned droplets. The concentric ring geometry caused a competition between the phase correlation of neighboring rings and the kinetically favorable wavelength, yielding an intriguing, recursive surface pattern. This frustrated pattern formation behavior was accounted for by a scaling analysis.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015JChPh.142q4910M"><span id="translatedtitle">On the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of DNA molecule</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Mishra, R. K.; Modi, T.; Giri, D.; Kumar, S.</p> <p>2015-05-01</p> <p>Using Langevin dynamics simulations, we study effects of the shear force on the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a double stranded DNA molecule. The model studied here contains two single diblock copolymers interacting with each other. The elastic constants of individual segments of diblock copolymer are considered to be different. We showed that the magnitude of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force depends on whether the force is applied at 3' - 3' - ends or 5' - 5' - ends. Distributions of extension in hydrogen bonds and covalent bonds along the chain show the striking differences. Motivated by recent experiments, we have also calculated the variation of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force for different chain lengths. Results obtained from simulations have been validated with the analytical calculation based on the ladder model of DNA.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/1507.00114v1"><span id="translatedtitle">On the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of DNA molecule</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>R. K. Mishra; T. Modi; D. Giri; S. Kumar</p> <p>2015-07-01</p> <p>Using Langevin Dynamic simulations, we study effects of the shear force on the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a double stranded DNA molecule. The model studied here contains two single diblock copolymers interacting with each other. The elastic constants of individual segments of the diblock copolymer are considered to be different. We showed that the magnitude of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force depends on whether the force is applied at $3'-3'-$ends or $5'-5'-$ends. Distributions of extension in hydrogen bonds and covalent bonds along the chain show the striking differences. Motivated by recent experiments, we have also calculated the variation of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force for different chain lengths. Results obtained from simulations have been validated with the analytical calculation based on the ladder model of DNA.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26139761"><span id="translatedtitle">Right ventricular hydatid cyst <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> to pericardium.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sabzi, Feridoun; Vaziri, Siavoosh; Faraji, Reza</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Cardiac hydatidosis is rare presentation of body hydatidosis. Incidence of cardiac involvements range from 5% to 5% of patients with hydatid disease. Most common site of hydatid cyst in heart is interventricular septum and left ventricular free wall. Right ventricular free wall involvement by cyst that <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> to pericardial cavity is very rare presentation of hydatid cyst. Cardiac involvement may have serious consequences such as <span class="hlt">rupture</span> to blood steam or pericardial cavity. Both the disease and its surgical treatment carry a high complication rate, including <span class="hlt">rupture</span> leading to cardiac tamponade, anaphylaxis and also death. In the present report, a 43-year-old man with constrictive pericarditis secondary to a pericardial hydatid cyst is described. PMID:26139761</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10140552"><span id="translatedtitle">Component external leakage and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> frequency estimates</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Eide, S.A.; Khericha, S.T.; Calley, M.B.; Johnson, D.A.; Marteeny, M.L.</p> <p>1991-11-01</p> <p>In order to perform detailed internal flooding risk analyses of nuclear power plants, external leakage and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> frequencies are needed for various types of components - piping, valves, pumps, flanges, and others. However, there appears to be no up-to-date, comprehensive source for such frequency estimates. This report attempts to fill that void. Based on a comprehensive search of Licensee Event Reports (LERs) contained in Nuclear Power Experience (NPE), and estimates of component populations and exposure times, component external leakage and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> frequencies were generated. The remainder of this report covers the specifies of the NPE search for external leakage and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> events, analysis of the data, a comparison with frequency estimates from other sources, and a discussion of the results.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810030241&hterms=modeling+creep&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dmodeling%2Bcreep"><span id="translatedtitle">Creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior of unidirectional advanced composites</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Yeow, Y. T.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>A 'material modeling' methodology for predicting the creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior of unidirectional advanced composites is proposed. In this approach the parameters (obtained from short-term tests) required to make the predictions are the three principal creep compliance master curves and their corresponding quasi-static strengths tested at room temperature (22 C). Using these parameters in conjunction with a failure criterion, creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> envelopes can be generated for any combination of in-plane loading conditions and ambient temperature. The analysis was validated experimentally for one composite system, the T300/934 graphite-epoxy system. This was done by performing short-term creep tests (to generate the principal creep compliance master curves with the time-temperature superposition principle) and relatively long-term creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> tensile tests of off-axis specimens at 180 C. Good to reasonable agreement between experimental and analytical results is observed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25743861"><span id="translatedtitle">Patellar ligament <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in an adolescent.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Pires e Albuquerque, Rodrigo Sattamini; de Araújo, Gabriel Costa Serrão; Labronici, Pedro José; Gameiro, Vinícius Schott</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of the patellar tendon is a well-known injury in the orthopaedic literature. However, it is unusual and rarely reported in adolescent children. On the one hand, in the immature skeleton, the most frequent lesion above the kneecap is the sleeve fracture. On the other hand, in the distal region, avulsion of the tibial tuberosity is more common. Patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in an adolescent is a rare lesion. We report a case in which an adolescent sustained a fall when jumping. No predisposing factors have been found. The injury was treated with surgical repair with transosseous suturing and reinforcement with semitendinosus tendon. The aim of this study is to present a case of traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the extensor mechanism of the knee in an adolescent and the therapy used. PMID:25743861</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25956123"><span id="translatedtitle">On the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of DNA molecule.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Mishra, R K; Modi, T; Giri, D; Kumar, S</p> <p>2015-05-01</p> <p>Using Langevin dynamics simulations, we study effects of the shear force on the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a double stranded DNA molecule. The model studied here contains two single diblock copolymers interacting with each other. The elastic constants of individual segments of diblock copolymer are considered to be different. We showed that the magnitude of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force depends on whether the force is applied at 3' - 3' - ends or 5' - 5' - ends. Distributions of extension in hydrogen bonds and covalent bonds along the chain show the striking differences. Motivated by recent experiments, we have also calculated the variation of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force for different chain lengths. Results obtained from simulations have been validated with the analytical calculation based on the ladder model of DNA. PMID:25956123</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4481443"><span id="translatedtitle">Prognostic factors of spontaneously <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> hepatocellular carcinoma</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Han, Xiang-Jun; Su, Hong-Ying; Shao, Hai-Bo; Xu, Ke</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>AIM: To evaluate the prognostic factors in patients with spontaneously <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Seventy-nine patients experiencing spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of HCC between April 2004 and August 2014 were enrolled in this study. The clinical features, treatment modalities and outcomes were reviewed. The statistical methods used in this work included univariate analysis, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis with log-rank tests, and multivariate analysis using a Cox regression hazard model. RESULTS: Of the 79 patients with HCC <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, 17 (21.5%) underwent surgery, 32 (40.5%) underwent transarterial embolization (TAE), and 30 (38%) received conservative treatment. The median survival time was 125 d, and the mortality rate at 30 d was 27.8%. Multivariate analysis revealed that lesion length (HR = 1.46, P < 0.001), lesion number (HR = 1.37, P = 0.042), treatment before tumor <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (HR = 4.36, P = 0.019), alanine transaminase levels (HR = 1.0, P = 0.011), bicarbonate levels (HR = 1.18, P < 0.001), age (HR = 0.96, P = 0.026), anti-tumor therapy during the follow-up period (HR = 0.21, P = 0.008), and albumin levels (HR = 0.89, P = 0.010) were independent prognostic factors of survival after HCC <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The Barcelona-Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage was also an important prognostic factor; the median survival times for BCLC stages A, B and C were 251, 175 and 40 d, respectively (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Anti-tumor therapy during the follow-up period, without a history of anti-tumor therapy prior to HCC <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, small tumor length and number, and early BCLC stage are the most crucial predictors associated with satisfactory overall survival. Other factors play only a small role in overall survival. PMID:26139994</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004AGUFM.S53A0177S"><span id="translatedtitle">Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Processes Along the Philippine Trench</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Sevilla, W. I.; Ammon, C. J.</p> <p>2004-12-01</p> <p>Earthquakes along subduction zones exhibit spatial and temporal variations in <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes. Recent studies have demonstrated a systematic decrease in the moment-normalized <span class="hlt">rupture</span> duration of earthquakes with depth along the plate interface. Several shallow earthquakes were observed to exhibit anomalously long <span class="hlt">rupture</span> duration, comparable with the durations of tsunami earthquakes. These observations were suggested to be manifestations of subduction faults with frictional properties capable of generating tsunami earthquakes. The cause of the duration variation was hypothesized to be related to physical changes in properties of subducted sediment. The Philippine trench is a setting where we can study the variations of earthquake source <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes along the plate interface. The trench is young (< 5 Ma) with a poorly developed accretionary prism. Bathymetry, seismic reflection studies, and offshore drilling show little or no evidence of accretion of the materials from the subducting Philippine Sea plate. Eighty nine possible interplate earthquakes were selected from the Harvard CMT catalogue for the year 1989 to 2001. From these, about 30 events had adequate signal-to-noise ratios and well-constrained mechanisms to warrant further investigation. We used teleseismic broadband records of vertical component waveforms and applied multi-station deconvolution technique to extract the source time function and depth of each event. Our results showed no systematic trend of decreasing source duration with depth at the Philippine trench. The observed moment-normalized durations of all the shallow earthquakes are shorter than tsunami earthquakes. We observed a significant scatter in the relationship between source time and depth, which may reflect heterogeneity of the materials at the trench interface. The thickness of low-rigidity materials in the trench shallow region appears insufficient to affect the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> durations and produce anomalously slow <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. These null results for the sediment-starved Philippine Trench support the earlier hypothesis that the variations of earthquake duration with depth in other subduction zones is related to sediment properties.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/47884627"><span id="translatedtitle">Bilateral synchronous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>P. Ellanti; N. Davarinos; S. Morris; J. Rice</p> <p></p> <p>Background  Bilateral simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon is a rare entity. They are often associated with degenerative changes\\u000a of the tendons and predisposing conditions such as diabetes or excessive steroid use. They most commonly tend to occur in\\u000a patients of 40 years of age or older.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  We describe a case of a 67-year-old man with simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of both</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25878942"><span id="translatedtitle">Thoracic outlet syndrome following breast implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Mistry, Raakhi; Caplash, Yugesh; Giri, Pratyush; Kearney, Daniel; Wagstaff, Marcus</p> <p>2015-03-01</p> <p>We present a patient with bilateral breast implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> who developed severe locoregional silicone granulomatous lymphadenopathy. Poly Implant Prothese silicone implants had been used for bilateral breast augmentation 5 years prior. Extracapsular implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and bilateral axillary lymphadenopathy indicated explantation, capsulectomy, and selective lymph node excision. Histology demonstrated silicone lymphadenopathy with no evidence of malignancy. Over the subsequent 12 months, she developed progressive locoregional lymphadenopathy involving bilateral cervical, axillary, and internal mammary groups, resulting in bilateral thoracic outlet syndrome. We report the unusual presentation, progression, and the ultimate surgical management of this patient. PMID:25878942</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19210943"><span id="translatedtitle">[Gastric <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after ingestion of liquid nitrogen].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Knudsen, Anders Riegels; Nielsen, Casper; Christensen, Peter</p> <p>2009-02-01</p> <p>A 28-year-old male was admitted to hospital with severe abdominal distension and subcutaneous emphysema after ingesting 15 ml liquid nitrogen to produce an impressive burp. A <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the stomach at the lesser curvature was sutured by laparotomy. Peroperative gastroscopy showed no signs of cold-induced lesions. Liquid nitrogen boils at -196 degrees C. When heated to body temperature, it instantly expands 700 times, in this case predictably leading to gastric <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Therefore, any oral intake of even small amounts of liquid nitrogen should be avoided. PMID:19210943</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li class="active"><span>8</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_8 --> <div id="page_9" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li class="active"><span>9</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="161"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4387153"><span id="translatedtitle">Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Following Breast Implant <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Caplash, Yugesh; Giri, Pratyush; Kearney, Daniel; Wagstaff, Marcus</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Summary: We present a patient with bilateral breast implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> who developed severe locoregional silicone granulomatous lymphadenopathy. Poly Implant Prothese silicone implants had been used for bilateral breast augmentation 5 years prior. Extracapsular implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and bilateral axillary lymphadenopathy indicated explantation, capsulectomy, and selective lymph node excision. Histology demonstrated silicone lymphadenopathy with no evidence of malignancy. Over the subsequent 12 months, she developed progressive locoregional lymphadenopathy involving bilateral cervical, axillary, and internal mammary groups, resulting in bilateral thoracic outlet syndrome. We report the unusual presentation, progression, and the ultimate surgical management of this patient. PMID:25878942</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21952195"><span id="translatedtitle">Pre-stimulus pattern of activity in the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area predicts face percepts during binocular rivalry.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hsieh, P-J; Colas, J T; Kanwisher, N G</p> <p>2012-03-01</p> <p>Visual input is ambiguous, yet conscious experience is unambiguous. In binocular rivalry the two eyes receive conflicting images, but only one of them is consciously perceived at a time. Here we search for the neural sites of the competitive interactions underlying this phenomenon by testing whether neural pattern activity occurring before stimulus presentation can predict the initial dominant percept in binocular rivalry and, if so, where in the brain such predictive activity is found. Subjects were scanned while viewing an image of a face in one eye and an image of a house in the other eye with anaglyph glasses. The rivalrous stimulus was presented briefly for each trial, and the subject indicated which of the two images he or she preferentially perceived. Our results show that BOLD fMRI multivariate pattern activity in the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area (FFA) before the stimulus is presented predicts which of the two images will be dominant, suggesting that higher extrastriate areas, such as the FFA, are not only correlated with, but may also be involved in determining the initial dominant percept in binocular rivalry. Furthermore, by examining pattern activity before and after trial onset, we found that pre-trial activity in the FFA for the rivalrous face trials is no more similar to the post-trial activity for the non-rivalrous face trials than to that for the non-rivalrous house trials, indicating a dissociation between neural pattern information, which predicts a given state of awareness, and mean responses, which reflect the state of awareness ultimately achieved. PMID:21952195</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4166163"><span id="translatedtitle">Electrical Stimulation of the Left and Right Human <span class="hlt">Fusiform</span> Gyrus Causes Different Effects in Conscious Face Perception</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Rangarajan, Vinitha; Hermes, Dora; Foster, Brett L.; Weiner, Kevin S.; Jacques, Corentin; Grill-Spector, Kalanit</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Neuroimaging and electrophysiological studies across species have confirmed bilateral face-selective responses in the ventral temporal cortex (VTC) and prosopagnosia is reported in patients with lesions in the VTC including the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus (FG). As imaging and electrophysiological studies provide correlative evidence, and brain lesions often comprise both white and gray matter structures beyond the FG, we designed the current study to explore the link between face-related electrophysiological responses in the FG and the causal effects of electrical stimulation of the left or right FG in face perception. We used a combination of electrocorticography (ECoG) and electrical brain stimulation (EBS) in 10 human subjects implanted with intracranial electrodes in either the left (5 participants, 30 FG sites) or right (5 participants, 26 FG sites) hemispheres. We identified FG sites with face-selective ECoG responses, and recorded perceptual reports during EBS of these sites. In line with existing literature, face-selective ECoG responses were present in both left and right FG sites. However, when the same sites were stimulated, we observed a striking difference between hemispheres. Only EBS of the right FG caused changes in the conscious perception of faces, whereas EBS of strongly face-selective regions in the left FG produced non-face-related visual changes, such as phosphenes. This study examines the relationship between correlative versus causal nature of ECoG and EBS, respectively, and provides important insight into the differential roles of the right versus left FG in conscious face perception. PMID:25232118</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25489894"><span id="translatedtitle">Intracranial venous hemodynamics and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of cerebral aneurysm.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Lee, Kwo-Whei; Tsai, Fong-Y; Chen, Wei-Liang; Liu, Chi-Kuang; Kuo, Chen-Ling</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>Many uncertain and inconsistent etiologies of cerebral aneurysmal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> including a wide spectrum of factors have been reported. Our recent observation discloses the potential new factor of cerebral aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with cerebral venous pressure gradient. We retrospectively reviewed 52 cases treated with coil embolization with or without cerebral aneurysmal <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Seventeen males and 30 females were recruited in this study. Quantitative color-coded cerebral angiography was performed during coil therapeutic procedures to measure cerebral venous circulation. <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> cases had shorter and symmetrical cerebral venous circulation time (P <0.05). In addition, an asymmetrical venous outflow pattern was critical for aneurysmal <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Non-<span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cases tended to have slower and asymmetrical cerebral venous circulation compared with <span class="hlt">rupture</span> cases. Symmetrical and shorter cerebral venous circulation in the dysplasia venous outlet may be a potential new factor for cerebral aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. PMID:25489894</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EP%26S...66..101T"><span id="translatedtitle">Source <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process of the 2011 Fukushima-ken Hamadori earthquake: how did the two subparallel faults <span class="hlt">rupture</span>?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Tanaka, Miho; Asano, Kimiyuki; Iwata, Tomotaka; Kubo, Hisahiko</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>The 2011 Fukushima-ken Hamadori earthquake (MW 6.6) occurred about a month after the 2011 Great Tohoku earthquake (MW 9.0), and it is thought to have been induced by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake. After the 2011 Hamadori earthquake, two subparallel faults (the Itozawa and Yunodake faults) were identified by field surveys. The hypocenter was located nearby the Itozawa fault, and it is probable that the Itozawa fault <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> before the Yunodake fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Here, we estimated the source <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process of the 2011 Hamadori earthquake using a model with two subparallel faults based on strong motion data. The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> starting point and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> delay time of the Yunodake fault were determined based on Akaike's Bayesian Information Criterion (ABIC). The results show that the Yunodake fault started to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> from the northern deep point 4.5 s after the Itozawa fault started to <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The estimated slip distribution in the shallow part is consistent with the surface slip distribution identified by field surveys. Time-dependent Coulomb failure function changes (?CFF) were calculated using the stress change from the Itozawa fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in order to evaluate the effect of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on the Yunodake fault. The ?CFF is positive at the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> starting point of the Yunodake fault 4.5 s after the Itozawa fault started to <span class="hlt">rupture</span>; therefore, it is concluded that during the 2011 Hamadori earthquake, the Yunodake fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was triggered by the Itozawa fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1030718"><span id="translatedtitle">D-Zero Cryostat Supplemental <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Disc</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Mulholland, G.T.; /Fermilab</p> <p>1987-08-03</p> <p>The common relief and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> disc vent line requires a double disc assembly with vented interspace for accurate disc burst pressures. The first disc must take pump and purge vacuum loading, but be set to operate at 110% of the MAWP, 18.3 psig (ASME code). The available solution is 18.3 psig with a burst tolerance of +/- psig. The interspace should be locally vented by a flow limiting vent valve to decouple the vent line backpressure from the vessel <span class="hlt">rupture</span> disc. The second disc must take the worst case vent line backpressure, the steady state value found in D-Zero engineering note 3740.000-EN-63 with all three cryostats simultaneously venting at the fire condition into the 4-inch x 6-inch and 6-inch x 8-inch sections. This value is less than 2 psid. The maximum <span class="hlt">rupture</span> value for the second disc must be less than the minimum <span class="hlt">rupture</span> value for the first disc less 2 psid i.e. < 16.3.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOVIMAGE-USGS&redirectUrl=http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/09_28_2010_otk7Nay4LH_09_28_2010_1"><span id="translatedtitle">Surface <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> in Northwest Saudi Arabia</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://gallery.usgs.gov/">USGS Multimedia Gallery</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Wendy McCausland of the USGS Volcano Disaster Assistance Program and Hani Zahran of the Saudi Geological Survey view the southern end of the surface fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> caused by a M5.4 earthquake in the Saudi Arabian desert on May 19, 2009. The ground displacements in the soft sediments of the foreground...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1285246"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendons.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Young, T B</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>A case is reported of simultaneous traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of quadriceps tendons diagnosed in the accident and emergency department within 2 hours of injury. This is an extremely rare injury and diagnosis is often missed. Possible mechanism of the injury, predisposing factors, guidelines for diagnosis and results of surgical treatment are discussed, and the literature is reviewed. Images Fig. 1 PMID:4015792</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2425781"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of a renal angiomyolipoma (hamartoma)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Stavorovsky, M.; Irge, D.; Morag, B.; Schujman, E.</p> <p>1979-01-01</p> <p>A 54-year-old woman with spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of angiomyolipoma is presented. The literature on the 2 types of angiomyolipoma, without and with association of tuberose sclerosis, their rarity and the difficulties in their diagnoses, is reviewed. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2 PMID:523379</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21675627"><span id="translatedtitle">Laparoscopic splenectomy for atraumatic splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Grossi, Ugo; Crucitti, Antonio; D'Amato, Gerardo; Mazzari, Andrea; Tomaiuolo, Pasquina M C; Cavicchioni, Camillo; Bellantone, Rocco</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>A traumatic splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (ASR) is a rare clinical entity. Several underlying benign and malignant conditions have been described as a leading cause. We report on a case of ASR in a 41-year-old man treated with laparoscopic splenectomy. Considering ASR as a life-threatening condition, a prompt diagnosis can be life saving. PMID:21675627</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15858563"><span id="translatedtitle">Earth science: microseismicity data forecast <span class="hlt">rupture</span> area.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Schorlemmer, Danijel; Wiemer, Stefan</p> <p>2005-04-28</p> <p>On 28 September 2004 there was an earthquake of magnitude 6.0 at Parkfield, California. Here we show that the size distribution of the micro-earthquakes recorded in the decades before the main shock occurred allowed an accurate forecast of its eventual <span class="hlt">rupture</span> area. Applying this approach to other well monitored faults should improve earthquake hazard assessment in future. PMID:15858563</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29102331"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous intramural <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the oesophagus</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>C Steadman; P Kerlin; F Crimmins; J Bell; D Robinson; L Dorrington; A McIntyre</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>The clinical, endoscopic, and radiological features of seven patients with an uncommon oesophageal injury characterised by long lacerations of the oesophageal mucosa with haematoma formation but without perforation are reported. The injuries were not related to forceful vomiting or any other definable cause but were similar to those previously described as intramural oesophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy undertaken to identify</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.icf11.com/proceeding/extended/3110.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">RECENT ADVANCES IN MODELLING DUCTILE <span class="hlt">RUPTURE</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>A. A. Benzerga; J. Besson; A. Pineau</p> <p></p> <p>A brief account of recent advances in modelling ductile <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is given. The importance of the inhomogeneity in the distribution of cavity nucleation sites is firstly emphasized. Then some recent extensions of the Gurson model to account for non spherical void shape are presented. Finally recent progress in modelling cavity coalescence is highlighted.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JChPh.141p4907G"><span id="translatedtitle">Star polymers <span class="hlt">rupture</span> induced by constant forces</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>García, N. A.; Febbo, M.; Vega, D. A.; Milchev, A.</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>In this work, we study the breakage process of an unknotted three-arm star-shaped polymer when it is pulled from its free ends by a constant force. The star polymer configuration is described through an array of monomers coupled by anharmonic bonds, while the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is tracked in three-dimensional space by means of Langevin Molecular Dynamics simulations. The interaction between monomers is described by a Morse potential, while a Weeks-Chandler-Anderson energetic contribution accounts for the excluded volume interaction. We explore the effect of the molecular architecture on the distributions of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> times over a broad interval of pulling forces and star configurations. It was found that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time distribution of the individual star arms is strongly affected by the star configuration imposed by the pulling forces and the length of the arms. We also observed that for large pulling forces the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time distributions resemble the dominant features observed for linear polymer chains. The model introduced here provides the basic ingredients to describe the effects of tensile forces on stress-induced degradation of branched macromolecules and polymer networks.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25362341"><span id="translatedtitle">Star polymers <span class="hlt">rupture</span> induced by constant forces.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>García, N A; Febbo, M; Vega, D A; Milchev, A</p> <p>2014-10-28</p> <p>In this work, we study the breakage process of an unknotted three-arm star-shaped polymer when it is pulled from its free ends by a constant force. The star polymer configuration is described through an array of monomers coupled by anharmonic bonds, while the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is tracked in three-dimensional space by means of Langevin Molecular Dynamics simulations. The interaction between monomers is described by a Morse potential, while a Weeks-Chandler-Anderson energetic contribution accounts for the excluded volume interaction. We explore the effect of the molecular architecture on the distributions of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> times over a broad interval of pulling forces and star configurations. It was found that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time distribution of the individual star arms is strongly affected by the star configuration imposed by the pulling forces and the length of the arms. We also observed that for large pulling forces the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time distributions resemble the dominant features observed for linear polymer chains. The model introduced here provides the basic ingredients to describe the effects of tensile forces on stress-induced degradation of branched macromolecules and polymer networks. PMID:25362341</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2975082"><span id="translatedtitle">Penile Fracture with Associated Urethral <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Boncher, Nicholas A.; Vricella, Gino J.; Jankowski, Jason T.; Ponsky, Lee E.; Cherullo, Edward E.</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Penile fracture of the erect penis is an uncommon but emergent urological trauma. Potential outcomes include erectile dysfunction, penile curvature, and urethral injury. Treatment is emergent surgical repair. We present the case of a 42-year-old man with a penile fracture complicated by a urethral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and subsequent repair. A discussion of the key aspects of this condition is presented. PMID:21076536</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4268758"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> rectal duplication with urogenital abnormality: Unusual presentation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Solanki, Shailesh; Babu, M Narendra; Jadhav, Vinay; Shankar, Gowri; Santhanakrishnan, Ramesh</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Rectal duplication (RD) accounts for 5% of alimentary tract duplication. A varied presentation and associated anomalies have been described in the literature. Antenatal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the RD is very rare. We present an unusual case of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> RD associated with urogenital abnormalities in newborn male. We are discussing diagnosis, embryology, management and literature review of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> RD. PMID:25552833</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.agu.org/journals/jb/v077/i011/JB077i011p02087/JB077i011p02087.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Zones of Large South American Earthquakes and Some Predictions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>John A. Kelleher</p> <p>1972-01-01</p> <p>This study attempts to forecast likely locations for large shallow South American earthquakes in the near future by examining the past space-time pattern of occurrence of large (M _ 7.7) earthquakes, the lateral extent of their <span class="hlt">rupture</span> zones, and, where possible, the direction of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> zones of large shallow earthquakes generally abut and do not overlap. Patterns of</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/25138777"><span id="translatedtitle">Delayed <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of Extensor Pollicis Longus Tendon following Closed Injury</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>R. G. SIMPSON</p> <p>1977-01-01</p> <p>Closed <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the extensor pollicis longus tendon is most often seen following lower radial fractures, but is uncommon in the absence of fracture. Redden has recently described <span class="hlt">rupture</span> following rotational injury of the forearm.I wish to record three cases of closed delayed <span class="hlt">rupture</span> following direct injury to the area of the tendon.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~steveday/PUBLISHED/Pitarka_et_al_2009_buried.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Numerical Study of Ground-Motion Differences between Buried-<span class="hlt">Rupturing</span> and Surface-<span class="hlt">Rupturing</span> Earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Arben Pitarka; Luis A. Dalguer; Steven M. Day; Paul G. Somerville; Kazuo Dan</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>Recent ground-motion observations suggest that surface-<span class="hlt">rupturing</span> earth- quakes generate weaker near-fault ground motion than buried earthquakes. This dif- ference is significant in the period range of 0.3-3 sec. Contributing factors to this phenomenon may include the effect of fault zone weakness at shallow depth on rup- ture dynamics and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity during earthquakes. We present results from numerical experiments of</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li class="active"><span>9</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_9 --> <div id="page_10" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li class="active"><span>10</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="181"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://musserlab.medicine.tamhsc.edu/PDFs%20of%20papers/Hamai%20et%20al%28BJ2007%29.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Single Giant Vesicle <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Events Reveal Multiple Mechanisms of Glass-Supported Bilayer Formation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Chiho Hamai; Paul S. Cremer; Siegfried M. Musser</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>The formation of supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) on glass from giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) was studied using fluorescence microscopy. We show that GUV <span class="hlt">rupture</span> occurs by at least four mechanisms, including 1), spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of isolated GUVs yielding almost heart-shaped bilayer patches (asymmetric <span class="hlt">rupture</span>); 2), spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of isolated GUVs yielding circular bilayer patches (symmetric <span class="hlt">rupture</span>); 3), induced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24128572"><span id="translatedtitle">Analysis of the monosaccharide composition of water-soluble polysaccharides from Sargassum <span class="hlt">fusiforme</span> by high performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Wu, Xiaodan; Jiang, Wei; Lu, Jiajia; Yu, Ying; Wu, Bin</p> <p>2014-02-15</p> <p>Sargassum <span class="hlt">fusiforme</span> (hijiki) is the well-known edible algae, whose polysaccharides have been proved to possess interesting bioactivities like antitumor, antioxidant, antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities. A facile and sensitive method based on high-performance liquid chromatography method of pre-column derivatization with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP) coupled with electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-MS) has been established for the analysis of the monosaccharide composition of polysaccharides in S. <span class="hlt">fusiforme</span>. Monosaccharides have been converted into PMP-labelled derivatives with aqueous ammonia as a catalyst at 70 °C for 30 min. The optimisation of the pre-column derivatization process was studied. The LODs of the monosaccharides were in the range from 0.01 to 0.02 nmol. PMP-labelled mixture of monosaccharides has been well separated by a reverse-phase HPLC and detected by on-line ESI-MS method under optimised conditions. The mobile phase of elution system was chosen as acetonitrile (solvent A) and 20mM aqueous ammonium acetate (solvent B) (pH 3.0) with Zorbax XDB-C18 column at 30 °C for the separation of the monosaccharide derivatives. Identification of the monosaccharides composition was carried out by analysis with mass spectral behaviour and chromatography characteristics of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP) labelled monosaccharides. All PMP-labelled derivatives display high chemical stabilities, whose regular MS fragmentation is specific for reducing labelled sugars. The result showed that the S. <span class="hlt">fusiforme</span> polysaccharide consisted of mannose, glucose, galactose, xylose, fucose and glucuronic acid or galacturonic acid, or both uronic acids. PMID:24128572</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4469860"><span id="translatedtitle">An unusual presentation of recurrent uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during pregnancy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Tan, Shu Qi; Thia, Edwin Wee Hong; Tee, Chee Seng John; Yeo, George Seow Heong</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>We describe a case of recurrent uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at the site of a previous <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Our patient had a history of right interstitial pregnancy with spontaneous uterine fundal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at 18 weeks of pregnancy. During her subsequent pregnancy, she was monitored closely by a senior consultant obstetrician. The patient presented at 34 weeks with right hypochondriac pain. She was clinically stable and fetal monitoring showed no signs of fetal distress. Ultrasonography revealed protrusion of the intact amniotic membranes in the abdominal cavity at the uterine fundus. Uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare but hazardous obstetric complication. High levels of caution should be exercised in patients with a history of prior uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, as they may present with atypical symptoms. Ultrasonography could provide valuable information in such cases where there is an elevated risk of uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at the previous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> site.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26106245"><span id="translatedtitle">An unusual presentation of recurrent uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during pregnancy.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Tan, Shu Qi; Thia, Edwin Wee Hong; Tee, Chee Seng John; Yeo, George Seow Heong</p> <p>2015-06-01</p> <p>We describe a case of recurrent uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at the site of a previous <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Our patient had a history of right interstitial pregnancy with spontaneous uterine fundal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at 18 weeks of pregnancy. During her subsequent pregnancy, she was monitored closely by a senior consultant obstetrician. The patient presented at 34 weeks with right hypochondriac pain. She was clinically stable and fetal monitoring showed no signs of fetal distress. Ultrasonography revealed protrusion of the intact amniotic membranes in the abdominal cavity at the uterine fundus. Uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare but hazardous obstetric complication. High levels of caution should be exercised in patients with a history of prior uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, as they may present with atypical symptoms. Ultrasonography could provide valuable information in such cases where there is an elevated risk of uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at the previous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> site. PMID:26106245</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2739847"><span id="translatedtitle">A review on delayed presentation of diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Rashid, Farhan; Chakrabarty, Mallicka M; Singh, Rajeev; Iftikhar, Syed Y</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>Diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a life-threatening condition. Diaphragmatic injuries are quite uncommon and often result from either blunt or penetrating trauma. Diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are usually associated with abdominal trauma however, it can occur in isolation. Acute traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the diaphragm may go unnoticed and there is often a delay between the injury and the diagnosis. A comprehensive literature search was performed using the terms "delayed presentation of post traumatic diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>" and "delayed diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>". The diagnostic and management challenges encountered are discussed, together with strategies for dealing with them. We have focussed on mechanism of injury, duration, presentation and site of injury, visceral herniation, investigations and different approaches for repair. We intend to stress on the importance of delay in presentation of diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and to provide a review on the available investigations and treatment methods. The enclosed case report also emphasizes on the delayed presentation, diagnostic challenges and the advantages of laparoscopic repair of delayed diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. PMID:19698091</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860005910&hterms=Internal+Combustion+Engine&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3D%2528%2528Internal%2BCombustion%2529%2BEngine%2529"><span id="translatedtitle">Creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior of Stirling engine materials</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Titran, R. H.; Scheuerman, C. M.; Stephens, J. R.</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>The automotive Stirling engine, being investigated jointly by the Department of Energy and NASA Lewis as an alternate to the internal combustion engine, uses high-pressure hydrogen as the working fluid. The long-term effects of hydrogen on the high temperature strength properties of materials is relatively unknown. This is especially true for the newly developed low-cost iron base alloy NASAUT 4G-A1. This iron-base alloy when tested in air has creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> strengths in the directionally solidified condition comparable to the cobalt base alloy HS-31. The equiaxed (investment cast) NASAUT 4G-A1 has superior creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> to the equiaxed iron-base alloy XF-818 both in air and 15 MPa hydrogen.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3277969"><span id="translatedtitle">Treatment of <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> ICA during Transsphenoidal Surgery</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Ghatge, S.B.; Modi, D.B.</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Summary <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of the internal carotid artery (ICA) during transsphenoidal surgery is a rare but potentially lethal complication. Direct surgical repair of the ICA may be difficult and time-consuming in an acute setting. Urgent endovascular treatments with vascular plug or stent-graft have been the feasible options to date. We desrcibe two cases of iatrogenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of ICA during transsphenoidal surgery. In the first case we occluded the ICA with a vascular plug at the site of tear where cross circulation was adequate. In the second case we had to preserve the ICA with stent-graft since there was no adequate cross circulation. These two strategies are discussed below. PMID:20377977</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19900000179&hterms=Burnout&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3DBurnout"><span id="translatedtitle">Wrapped Wire Detects <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Of Pressure Vessel</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Hunt, James B.</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>Simple, inexpensive technique helps protect against damage caused by continuing operation of equipment after <span class="hlt">rupture</span> or burnout of pressure vessel. Wire wrapped over area on outside of vessel where breakthrough most likely. If wall breaks or burns, so does wire. Current passing through wire ceases, triggering cutoff mechanism stopping flow in vessel to prevent further damage. Applied in other situations in which pipes or vessels fail due to overpressure, overheating, or corrosion.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3107009"><span id="translatedtitle">Patterns of brain reorganization subsequent to left <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> damage: fMRI evidence from visual processing of words and pseudowords, faces and objects</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Tsapkini, Kyrana; Vindiola, Manuel; Rapp, Brenda</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Little is known about the neural reorganization that takes place subsequent to lesions that affect orthographic processing (reading and/or spelling). We report on an fMRI investigation of an individual with a left mid-<span class="hlt">fusiform</span> resection that affected both reading and spelling (Tsapkini & Rapp, 2010). To investigate possible patterns of functional reorganization, we compared the behavioral and neural activation patterns of this individual with those of a group of control participants for the tasks of silent reading of words and pseudowords and the passive viewing of faces and objects, all tasks that typically recruit the inferior temporal lobes. This comparison was carried out with methods that included a novel application of Mahalanobis distance statistics, and revealed: (1) normal behavioral and neural responses for face and object processing, (2) evidence of neural reorganization bilaterally in the posterior <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> that supported normal performance in pseudoword reading and which contributed to word reading (3) evidence of abnormal recruitment of the bilateral anterior temporal lobes indicating compensatory (albeit insufficient) recruitment of mechanisms for circumventing the word reading deficit. PMID:21168516</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15707614"><span id="translatedtitle">fMRI activation of the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus and amygdala to cartoon characters but not to faces in a boy with autism.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Grelotti, David J; Klin, Ami J; Gauthier, Isabel; Skudlarski, Pawel; Cohen, Donald J; Gore, John C; Volkmar, Fred R; Schultz, Robert T</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>Abnormal hypoactivation in the amygdala and <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus, brain areas that participate in face processing and social cognition, has consistently been demonstrated in persons with autism. We investigated activity in these areas in a boy with autism, DD, who had a special interest in "Digimon" cartoon characters. DD individuates Digimon faster than familiar faces and objects, but he individuates familiar faces no faster than objects. In contrast, a typically developing boy with an interest in "Pokemon" cartoon characters is equally fast at individuating faces and Pokemon and faster at individuating faces and Pokemon than objects and Digimon. In addition, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we show that DD activates his amygdala and <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus for perceptual discriminations involving Digimon but not for those involving familiar or unfamiliar faces. This pattern of activation is not seen in the typically developing control with an interest in Pokemon or in a second comparison case who has autism but no interest in Digimon. These results have important implications for our understanding of autism, cortical face specialization, and the possible role of the amygdala in the development of perceptual expertise. PMID:15707614</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015GeoJI.201.1416H"><span id="translatedtitle">Transient gravity perturbations induced by earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Harms, J.; Ampuero, J.-P.; Barsuglia, M.; Chassande-Mottin, E.; Montagner, J.-P.; Somala, S. N.; Whiting, B. F.</p> <p>2015-06-01</p> <p>The static and transient deformations produced by earthquakes cause density perturbations which, in turn, generate immediate, long-range perturbations of the Earth's gravity field. Here, an analytical solution is derived for gravity perturbations produced by a point double-couple source in homogeneous, infinite, non-self-gravitating elastic media. The solution features transient gravity perturbations that occur at any distance from the source between the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> onset time and the arrival time of seismic P waves, which are of potential interest for real-time earthquake source studies and early warning. An analytical solution for such prompt gravity perturbations is presented in compact form. We show that it approximates adequately the prompt gravity perturbations generated by strike-slip and dip-slip finite fault <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in a half-space obtained by numerical simulations based on the spectral element method. Based on the analytical solution, we estimate that the observability of prompt gravity perturbations within 10 s after <span class="hlt">rupture</span> onset by current instruments is severely challenged by the background microseism noise but may be achieved by high-precision gravity strainmeters currently under development. Our analytical results facilitate parametric studies of the expected prompt gravity signals that could be recorded by gravity strainmeters.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFM.S33B4526W"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Velocities of Intermediate- and Deep-Focus Earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Warren, L. M.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities of intermediate- and deep-focus earthquakes --- how they vary between subduction zones, how they vary with depth, and what their maximum values are --- may help constrain the mechanism(s) of the earthquakes. As part of a global study of intermediate- and deep-focus earthquakes, I have used <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity to estimate the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> vector (speed and orientation) for 422 earthquakes >70 km depth with MW ?5.7 since 1990. I estimate the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity relative to the local P-wave velocity (vr/?). Since the same method is used for all earthquakes, the results can be readily compared across study areas. The study areas --- Middle America, South America, Tonga-Kermadec, Izu-Bonin-Marianas, and Japan-Kurils-Kamchatka --- include some of the warmest and coldest subduction zones: subducting plate ages range from 9-150 Myr and descent rates range from 1-13 cm/yr. Across all subduction zones and depth ranges, for the 193 earthquakes with observable directivity and well-constrained <span class="hlt">rupture</span> vectors, most earthquakes <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on the more horizontal of the two possible nodal planes. However, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> vectors appear to be randomly-oriented relative to the slip vector, so the earthquakes span the continuum from Mode II (i.e., parallel slip and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> vectors) to Mode III <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (i.e., perpendicular slip and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> vectors). For this earthquake population, the mean <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity is 0.43 vr/? ± 0.14 vr/?. The mean earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities are similar between all subduction zones. Since the local seismic wavespeed is faster in colder subduction zones, absolute <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities are faster in colder subduction zones. Overall, the fastest <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities exceed the local S-wave speed. The supershear <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are associated with earthquakes closer to Mode II than Mode III faulting. This is consistent with theoretical calculations, which limit the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity to the S-wave speed for Mode III <span class="hlt">rupture</span> but the P-wave speed for Mode II <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4400530"><span id="translatedtitle">Femoral pseudoaneurysm <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> into urinary bladder: A rare presentation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Shrestha, Kajan Raj; Luitel, Bhoj Raj; Shrestha, Ujma; Shrestha, Uttam Krishna</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Femoral pseudoaneurysm is a common occurrence in intravenous drug abuser due to repeated trauma to the femoral artery causing arterial leak contained by the surrounding tissue and does not contain all the layers of arterial wall. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of these aneurysm to exterior is a common presentation while <span class="hlt">rupture</span> into surrounding structure deemed an emergency surgical attention. Hence, we report an unusual case of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of femoral pseudoaneurysm into urinary bladder who presented us with history of hematuria and was successfully managed. PMID:25887167</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4397006"><span id="translatedtitle">A Rare Case of Adductor Longus Muscle <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>van de Kimmenade, R. J. L. L.; van Bergen, C. J. A.; van Deurzen, P. J. E.; Verhagen, R. A. W.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>An adductor longus muscle <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare injury. This case report describes a 32-year-old patient with an adductor longus <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The trauma mechanism was a hyperabduction movement during a soccer game. Nonoperative treatment was initiated. After a follow-up of 4 years, the patient was without pain but a small swelling was still visible. This report describes the anatomy, pathophysiology, and evidence-based treatment of adductor longus <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. PMID:25918663</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4448101"><span id="translatedtitle">Right Hemi-Diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span>: An Injury Missed or Masked?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Dhua, Anjan</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Right sided traumatic diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in children is uncommon and may escape early detection. Missed injuries are associated with high mortality and morbidity due to incarceration and strangulation of abdominal viscera. We report a 15-month-old child with blunt trauma chest and abdomen, who presented with bilateral hemothoraces and liver laceration seven days after the incident. Diagnosis of right diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was confirmed after another week. The surgical repair of diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was undertaken successfully.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3981329"><span id="translatedtitle">Delayed diagnosis of a right-sided traumatic diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Ku?era, Alexandr; Rygl, Michal; Šnajdauf, Ji?í; Kavalcová, Lucie; Petr?, Ond?ej; Ritschelová, Vlasta; Kyn?l, Martin</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Right-sided traumatic diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in childhood is a very rare injury. Diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> often manifests itself later, after an organ progressively herniates into the pleural cavity. When the patient is tubed, the ventilation pressure does not allow herniation of an organ, which occurs when the patient is ex-tubed. We present a patient with a delayed diagnose of right sided diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with a complicated post-operation state. PMID:24765402</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11881313"><span id="translatedtitle">[Pregnancy-related, rarely-seen spontaneous lumbar artery <span class="hlt">rupture</span>].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Iskender, Serkan; Ergün, Alper; Ipekçi, Fuat; Ekinci, Ozgür; Yener, Oktay</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>Some arterial aneurysm <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> can be seen during pregnancy. However, spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the lumbar artery in pregnancy are very rare. In that manuscript we present a 22 year old female who is 8 months pregnant, seen at a peripheral hospital for suspicion of placenta decolmant. When the fetal heart sounds were missed, the patient was transported to our hospital. We reoperated on her as an emergency. We found that a spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the lumbar artery. PMID:11881313</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25863875"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> anterior mediastinal teratoma with radiologic, pathologic, and bronchoscopic correlation.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Escalon, Joanna G; Arkin, Jordan; Chaump, Michael; Harkin, Timothy J; Wolf, Andrea S; Legasto, Alan</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>While most teratomas are asymptomatic, intrathoracic teratomas can rarely <span class="hlt">rupture</span> spontaneously causing more alarming symptoms. <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> teratoma is a serious clinical entity, and early recognition is crucial for avoidance of further complications and preparation of proper surgical approach. We present a case of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> anterior mediastinal teratoma with radiologic, pathologic, and bronchoscopic correlation. This case uniquely illustrates a patient presenting with signs of infection and progressively worsening symptoms, thus emphasizing the need for early diagnosis and the importance of imaging. PMID:25863875</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFM.S11C4351F"><span id="translatedtitle">Cohesive Zone Length of Gabbro at Supershear <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Velocity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Fukuyama, E.; Xu, S.; Mizoguchi, K.; Yamashita, F.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>We investigated the shear strain field ahead of a supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The strain data was obtained during large-scale biaxial friction experiments conducted at NIED in March 2013. We conducted friction experiments using a pair of meter-scale gabbro rock specimens whose simulated fault area was 1.5m x 0.1m. We applied 2.6MPa normal stress and loading velocity of 0.1mm/s. At the long side of the fault edge, which is parallel to the slip direction, 32 2-component semi-conductor strain gauges were installed at an interval of 50mm and 10mm off the fault. The data are conditioned by high frequency strain amplifiers (<0.5MHz) and continuously recorded at an interval of 1MHz with 16-bit resolution. Many stick slip events were observed and a unilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> event was chosen in this analysis that propagated with supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity. One of the reasons for this selection was that the strain field ahead of the supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was not contaminated by elastic waves. Focusing on the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front, stress concentration was observed and sharp stress drop occurred immediately inside the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. We found that the stress concentration becomes mild as the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagates and length of the stress concentration area becomes longer. This observation is quite interesting because in this experiment the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagated at a constant speed close to root two times the shear wave velocity and thus a longer stress concentration region suggests more energy dissipation. We could speculate that such longer stress concentration area suggests longer plastic region ahead of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (or longer cohesive distance). I.e. the cohesive zone length becomes longer as the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagates to maintain constant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity propagation. We empirically obtained the relation Lc = 1.8x10^-5 L for 0.1<L<1.4[m] where Lc is cohesive zone length and L is <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> length.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NSDL&redirectUrl=http://www.data.scec.org/Module/s1act02.html"><span id="translatedtitle">What Is an Earthquake?: Fault-<span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Analogies</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>This activity has two parts: the first part will demonstrate the weaknesses of simple fault models (like block diagrams) in depicting the process of fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> accurately; and the second part is centered around a fairly simple animation of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation, seen by an oblique map view, that attempts to show more accurately what we should envision when we think about fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. This activity provides different analogies for describing the process of fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, with attention paid to the strengths and weaknesses of each.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li class="active"><span>10</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_10 --> <div id="page_11" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li class="active"><span>11</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="201"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014GeoJI.199.1709C"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> velocity inferred from near-field shear strain analysis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Causse, M.; Cornou, C.; Bécasse, J.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>We propose a new technique to determine the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity of large strike slip earthquakes. By means of simple numerical ground motion simulations, we show that when the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> penetrates a shallow layer of sediment or fractured rock, shock waves propagate along the surface fault trace in the forward <span class="hlt">rupture</span> direction. Such shock waves, which are insensitive to the complexity of slip over the fault plane, propagate at a phase velocity equal to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed. We show that those shock waves can be easily isolated in the frequency domain, and that phase velocity can then be simply obtained from shear strain.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24902970"><span id="translatedtitle">Mechanisms of plaque formation and <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Bentzon, Jacob Fog; Otsuka, Fumiyuki; Virmani, Renu; Falk, Erling</p> <p>2014-06-01</p> <p>Atherosclerosis causes clinical disease through luminal narrowing or by precipitating thrombi that obstruct blood flow to the heart (coronary heart disease), brain (ischemic stroke), or lower extremities (peripheral vascular disease). The most common of these manifestations is coronary heart disease, including stable angina pectoris and the acute coronary syndromes. Atherosclerosis is a lipoprotein-driven disease that leads to plaque formation at specific sites of the arterial tree through intimal inflammation, necrosis, fibrosis, and calcification. After decades of indolent progression, such plaques may suddenly cause life-threatening coronary thrombosis presenting as an acute coronary syndrome. Most often, the culprit morphology is plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with exposure of highly thrombogenic, red cell-rich necrotic core material. The permissive structural requirement for this to occur is an extremely thin fibrous cap, and thus, <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> occur mainly among lesions defined as thin-cap fibroatheromas. Also common are thrombi forming on lesions without <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (plaque erosion), most often on pathological intimal thickening or fibroatheromas. However, the mechanisms involved in plaque erosion remain largely unknown, although coronary spasm is suspected. The calcified nodule has been suggested as a rare cause of coronary thrombosis in highly calcified and tortious arteries in older individuals. To characterize the severity and prognosis of plaques, several terms are used. Plaque burden denotes the extent of disease, whereas plaque activity is an ambiguous term, which may refer to one of several processes that characterize progression. Plaque vulnerability describes the short-term risk of precipitating symptomatic thrombosis. In this review, we discuss mechanisms of atherosclerotic plaque initiation and progression; how plaques suddenly precipitate life-threatening thrombi; and the concepts of plaque burden, activity, and vulnerability. PMID:24902970</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.T43A2632D"><span id="translatedtitle">Forecasting the <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Directivity of Large Earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Donovan, J. R.; Jordan, T. H.</p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>Forecasting the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity of large earthquakes is an important problem in probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA), because directivity strongly influences ground motions. We cast this forecasting problem in terms of the conditional hypocenter distribution (CHD), defined to be the probability distribution of a hypocenter given the spatial distribution of fault slip (moment release). The simplest CHD is a uniform distribution for which the hypocenter probability density equals the moment-release probability density. We have compiled samples of CHDs from a global distribution of large earthquakes using three estimation methods: (a) location of hypocenters within the slip distribution from finite-fault inversions, (b) location of hypocenters within early aftershock distributions, and (c) direct inversion for the directivity parameter D, defined in terms of the degree-two polynomial moments of the source space-time function. The data from method (a) are statistically inconsistent with the uniform CHD suggested by McGuire et al. (2002) using method (c). Instead, the data indicate a 'centroid-biased' CHD, in which the expected distance between the hypocenter and the hypocentroid is less than that of a uniform CHD; i.e., the directivities inferred from finite-fault models appear to be closer to bilateral than predicted by the uniform CHD. One source of this discrepancy may be centroid bias in the second-order moments owing to poor localization of the slip in finite-fault inversions. We compare these observational results with CHDs computed from a large set of theoretical <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in the Southern California fault system produced by the Rate-State Quake simulator (RSQSim) of Dieterich and Richards-Dinger (2010) and discuss the implications for <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics and fault-zone heterogeneities.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24679079"><span id="translatedtitle">Isolated unilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the alar ligament.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Wong, Sui-To; Ernest, Kimberly; Fan, Grace; Zovickian, John; Pang, Dachling</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>Only 6 cases of isolated unilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the alar ligament have been previously reported. The authors report a new case and review the literature, morbid anatomy, and pathogenesis of this rare injury. The patient in their case, a 9-year-old girl, fell head first from a height of 5 feet off the ground. She presented with neck pain, a leftward head tilt, and severe limitation of right rotation, extension, and right lateral flexion of the neck. Plain radiographs and CT revealed no fracture but a shift of the dens toward the right lateral mass of C-1. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine showed signal hyperintensity within the left dens-atlas space on both T1- and T2-weighted sequences and interruption of the expected dark signal representing the left alar ligament, suggestive of its <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. After 12 weeks of immobilization in a Guilford brace, MRI showed lessened dens deviation, and the patient attained full and painless neck motion. Including the patient in this case, the 7 patients with this injury were between 5 and 21 years old, sustained the injury in traffic accidents or falls, presented with marked neck pain, and were treated with external immobilization. All patients had good clinical outcome. The mechanism of injury is hyperflexion with rotation. Isolated unilateral alar ligament <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a diagnosis made by excluding associated fracture, dislocation, or disruption of other major ligamentous structures in the craniovertebral junction. CT and MRI are essential in establishing the diagnosis. External immobilization is adequate treatment. PMID:24679079</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1751-0759-1-23.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Specific components of face perception in the human <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus studied by tomographic estimates of magnetoencephalographic signals: a tool for the evaluation of non-verbal communication in psychosomatic paradigms</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Yuka Okazaki; Andreas A Ioannides</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the specific spatiotemporal activation patterns of face perception in the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus (FG). The FG is a key area in the specialized brain system that makes possible the recognition of face with ease and speed in our daily life. Characterization of FG response provides a quantitative method for evaluating the fundamental</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.princeton.edu/~napl/pdf/Kaiser_etal2014.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Whole person-evoked fMRI activity patterns in human <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus are accurately modeled by a linear combination of face-and body-evoked activity patterns</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Kastner, Sabine</p> <p></p> <p>investigate a special case of the grouping of components into a whole: the composition of the human bodyWhole person-evoked fMRI activity patterns in human <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus are accurately modeled by a linear combination of face- and body-evoked activity patterns Daniel Kaiser,1 * Lukas Strnad,1</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www-psych.stanford.edu/~jyoon/Papers_files/FFALO_SFN2008.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Fiber tracts connecting mid-<span class="hlt">fusiform</span> and lateral occipital regions J.M. Davie Yoon, Golijeh Golarai, Bob Dougherty, Michal Ben-Shachar, Alina Liberman, & Kalanit Grill-Spector</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Grill-Spector, Kalanit</p> <p></p> <p>Fiber tracts connecting mid-<span class="hlt">fusiform</span> and lateral occipital regions J.M. Davie Yoon, Golijeh Golarai, Poster BB31, Sun 11/16, 3-4pm Introduction Data analysis · Preprocessing: fMRI preprocessing using mr algorithm: conTrack7,8, a probabilistic algorithm that estimates the most likely fiber pathways connecting</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2423576"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous Bile Duct <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> in Pregnancy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Piotrowski, Joseph J.; Liechty, R. Dale</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>Spontaneous bile duct <span class="hlt">rupture</span> occurred in a 23-year-old who required emergency Cesarean section for fetal distress. This condition has not been reported in association with pregnancy. Only forty cases of spontaneous bile duct perforation in adults have been previously reported. Seventy percent of these perforations were related to biliary calculi. Sites of perforation were evenly distributed between common hepatic duct and common bile duct. Recommended treatment includes cholecystectomy, common bile duct exploration, T-tube placement, and Roux-En-Y ductal anastomosis if disruption is extensive. PMID:2152327</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=USGSPUBS&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70024680"><span id="translatedtitle">Complex earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and local tsunamis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Geist, E.L.</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>In contrast to far-field tsunami amplitudes that are fairly well predicted by the seismic moment of subduction zone earthquakes, there exists significant variation in the scaling of local tsunami amplitude with respect to seismic moment. From a global catalog of tsunami runup observations this variability is greatest for the most frequently occuring tsunamigenic subduction zone earthquakes in the magnitude range of 7 < Mw < 8.5. Variability in local tsunami runup scaling can be ascribed to tsunami source parameters that are independent of seismic moment: variations in the water depth in the source region, the combination of higher slip and lower shear modulus at shallow depth, and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> complexity in the form of heterogeneous slip distribution patterns. The focus of this study is on the effect that <span class="hlt">rupture</span> complexity has on the local tsunami wave field. A wide range of slip distribution patterns are generated using a stochastic, self-affine source model that is consistent with the falloff of far-field seismic displacement spectra at high frequencies. The synthetic slip distributions generated by the stochastic source model are discretized and the vertical displacement fields from point source elastic dislocation expressions are superimposed to compute the coseismic vertical displacement field. For shallow subduction zone earthquakes it is demonstrated that self-affine irregularities of the slip distribution result in significant variations in local tsunami amplitude. The effects of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> complexity are less pronounced for earthquakes at greater depth or along faults with steep dip angles. For a test region along the Pacific coast of central Mexico, peak nearshore tsunami amplitude is calculated for a large number (N = 100) of synthetic slip distribution patterns, all with identical seismic moment (Mw = 8.1). Analysis of the results indicates that for earthquakes of a fixed location, geometry, and seismic moment, peak nearshore tsunami amplitude can vary by a factor of 3 or more. These results indicate that there is substantially more variation in the local tsunami wave field derived from the inherent complexity subduction zone earthquakes than predicted by a simple elastic dislocation model. Probabilistic methods that take into account variability in earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes are likely to yield more accurate assessments of tsunami hazards.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/cond-mat/0602371v2"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> processes in fiber bundle models</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Per C. Hemmer; Alex Hansen; Srutarshi Pradhan</p> <p>2006-03-23</p> <p>Fiber bundles with statistically distributed thresholds for breakdown of individual fibers are interesting models of the static and dynamics of failures in materials under stress. They can be analyzed to an extent that is not possible for more complex materials. During the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process in a fiber bundle avalanches, in which several fibers fail simultaneously, occur. We study by analytic and numerical methods the statistics of such avalanches, and the breakdown process for several models of fiber bundles. The models differ primarily in the way the extra stress caused by a fiber failure is redistributed among the surviving fibers.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31698592"><span id="translatedtitle">A Comparative Study of Aortic Wall Stress Using Finite Element Analysis for <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> and Non-<span class="hlt">ruptured</span> Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>A. K Venkatasubramaniam; M. J Fagan; T Mehta; K. J Mylankal; B Ray; G Kuhan; I. C Chetter; P. T McCollum</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Background. The decision to repair an asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is currently based on diameter (?5.5 cm) alone. However, aneurysms less than 5.5 cm do <span class="hlt">rupture</span> while some reach greater than 5.5 cm without <span class="hlt">rupturing</span>. Hence the need to predict the risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on an individual patient basis is important. This study aims to calculate and compare wall</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23118397"><span id="translatedtitle">Management of extensor mechanism <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after TKA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rosenberg, A G</p> <p>2012-11-01</p> <p>Disruption of the extensor mechanism in total knee arthroplasty may occur by tubercle avulsion, patellar or quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, or patella fracture, and whether occurring intra-operatively or post-operatively can be difficult to manage and is associated with a significant rate of failure and associated complications. This surgery is frequently performed in compromised tissues, and repairs must frequently be protected with cerclage wiring and/or augmentation with local tendon (semi-tendinosis, gracilis) which may also be used to treat soft-tissue loss in the face of chronic disruption. Quadriceps <span class="hlt">rupture</span> may be treated with conservative therapy if the patient retains active extension. Component loosening or loss of active extension of 20° or greater are clear indications for surgical treatment of patellar fracture. Acute patellar tendon disruption may be treated by primary repair. Chronic extensor failure is often complicated by tissue loss and retraction can be treated with medial gastrocnemius flaps, achilles tendon allografts, and complete extensor mechanism allografts. Attention to fixing the graft in full extension is mandatory to prevent severe extensor lag as the graft stretches out over time. PMID:23118397</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6188768"><span id="translatedtitle">TMI-2 lower head creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> analysis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Thinnes, G.L.</p> <p>1988-08-01</p> <p>The TMI-2 accident resulted in approximately 40% of the reactor's core melting and collecting on the lower head of the reactor pressure vessel. The severity of the accident has raised questions about the margin of safety against <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the lower head in this accident since all evidence seems to indicate no major breach of the vessel occurred. Scoping heat transfer analyses of the relocated core debris and lower head have been made based upon assumed core melting scenarios and core material debris formations while in contact with the lower head. This report describes the structural finite element creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> analysis of the lower head using a temperature transient judged most likely to challenge the structural capacity of the vessel. This evaluation of vessel response to this transient has provided insight into the creep mechanisms of the vessel wall, a realistic mode of failure, and a means by which margin to failure can be evaluated once examination provides estimated maximum wall temperatures. Suggestions for more extensive research in this area are also provided. 6 refs., 15 figs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25279443"><span id="translatedtitle">False vs True <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Cohain, J S</p> <p>2015-05-01</p> <p>New medical nomenclature: False <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes or False ROM and Double <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes or Double ROM are being introduced into the English language. A single caregiver found about 1% of term births and 10% of term PROM involved False ROM, in which the chorion breaks while the amnion remains intact. Diagnostically, if meconium or vernix is observed, then both the chorionic and amniotic sacs have broken. In the absence of detection of vernix or meconium, an immediate accurate diagnostic test for False ROM is lacking and differentiating between True ROM from False ROM is possible only after leaking stops, which takes hours to days. The obvious benefit of differentiating between 'True' and 'False' ROM, is that in the case of False ROM, the amnion is intact and ascending infections are likely not at increased risk, although research is lacking as to whether False ROM is associated with an increased rate of ascending infection. Three cases of False ROM are presented and avenues for future research are enumerated. PMID:25279443</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4180267"><span id="translatedtitle">Poxvirus membrane biogenesis: <span class="hlt">rupture</span> not disruption</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Locker, Jacomine Krijnse; Chlanda, Petr; Sachsenheimer, Timo; Brügger, Britta</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Summary Enveloped viruses acquire their membrane from the host by budding at, or wrapping by, cellular membranes. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images, however, suggested that the prototype member of the poxviridae, vaccinia virus (VACV), may create its membrane ‘de novo’ with free open ends exposed in the cytosol. Within the frame of the German-wide priority programme we re-addressed the biogenesis and origin of the VACV membrane using electron tomography (ET), cryo-EM and lipid analysis of purified VACV using mass spectrometry (MS). This review discussed how our data led to a model of unconventional membrane biogenesis involving membrane <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and the generation of a single open membrane from open membrane intermediates. Lipid analyses of purified virus by MS suggest an ER origin with a relatively low cholesterol content compared with whole cells, confirming published data. Unlike previous reports using thin-layer chromatography, no depletion of phosphatidylethanolamine was detected. We did detect, however, an enrichment for phosphatidic acid, diacylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol in the virion. Our data are discussed in the light of other pathogens that may require cellular membrane <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during their intracellular life cycle. PMID:23168015</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.T33C2644F"><span id="translatedtitle">How is a stick slip <span class="hlt">rupture</span> initiated?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Fukuyama, E.; Mizoguchi, K.; Yamashita, F.; Kawakata, H.; Takizawa, S.</p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>We investigated the initiation process of stick slip events that occurred during large scale rock friction experiments conducted on the large scale shaking table at NIED (Fukuyama et al., 2012, AGU Fall meeting). We used a pair of Indian gabbro rock samples stacked vertically and applied normal and shear forces. The sliding area between the samples is 1.5m in length and 0.1m in width. We conducted a sequence of experiments using the same rock sample, and before each experiment we removed gouge particles created during the previous experiment by a brush and a cleaner. Here, we show the experiments under constant slip velocity of 0.1mm/s with constant normal stress of 2.7MPa (LB04-003) or 6.7MPa (LB04-005); the final displacement reached 0.04m. We used 44 acoustic sensors (PZT, vertical mode, 0.5MHz resonance frequency), 32 2-comp strain gouges (SGs) for shear strain and 16 1-comp SGs for normal strain measurements, with 48 0.5MHz dynamic SG amplifiers. We also used a 2MN load cell for shear force measurement and three 0.4MN load cells for vertical forces. Data are recorded continuously at an interval of 10MHz for PZT and 1MHz for other sensors. Just after the shear force applied, many stick slip events (SEs) occurred at an interval of a few seconds. By looking carefully at the PZT and SG array data during an SE, we found that one SE consists of many micro stick slip events (MSEs), which can be grouped into two (the former and the latter). These two groups correspond to the acceleration and deceleration stage of the SE. In LB04-005 (6.7MPa normal stress), a clear nucleation phase can be detected that initiated at a narrow area, propagate slowly (~20m/s) and accelerated. Then, a seismic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> started to propagate at a velocity of ~3km/s (subshear) or ~6.5km/s (supershear). Detailed features are shown in Mizoguchi et al. (this meeting). It should be noted that this seismic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> initiated at a narrow area inside the nucleation zone and sometimes after a certain amount of time; it does not seem a smooth transition process from the acceleration to the seismic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> as proposed in Ohnaka and Shen (1999, JGR). In contrast, under low normal stress case (LB04-003, 2.7MPa), there were no visible nucleation phases but a sequence of foreshocks was observed, which was not dominant in LB04-005. The foreshock slip area was typically around 10cm long. Again, we could not see any visible correlation between the location and preceding time of foreshocks and that of seismic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> initiation. By looking at the fault surface topography that was recorded as photograph images before and after the experiment, in the nucleation zone, grooves are not developed, while outside the nucleation area, grooves are well developed. Grooves are caused by the creation of gouge particles during the sliding. It could be interesting to note that outside the groove, the sliding surface looks very smooth and shiny, indicating that this area was polished but did not create gouge particles. Therefore, we might speculate that this shiny fault area is responsible for the initiation phase and when the stress state becomes critical, seismic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> starts around one of the grooves. And in LB04-003, the shiny area might not support the shear stress so that the foreshock releases the strain around the grooves.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://web.gps.caltech.edu/~ampuero/docs/AmpBZ07.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Geophys. J. Int. (2007) 000, 000000 Cracks, pulses and macroscopic asymmetry of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on a</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Ampuero, Jean Paul</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>with a preferred propagation direction, that of slip of the more compliant material. Such <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> have macroscopic, crack-like <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> show macroscopic asymmetry under restrictive conditions. The discussed mechanism ­ earthquake source mechanism ­ faulting ­ lateral heterogeneity ­ <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation 1 INTRODUCTION</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://rohan.sdsu.edu/~steveday/PUBLISHED/HarrisDay05GRL.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Material contrast does not predict earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation Ruth A. Harris</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Day, Steven M.</p> <p></p> <p>Material contrast does not predict earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation direction Ruth A. Harris U) earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation direction can be predicted from the material contrast, and 2) earthquake (2005), Material contrast does not predict earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation direction, Geophys. Res. Lett</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2967677"><span id="translatedtitle">Ultrasound Diagnosis of Bilateral Quadriceps Tendon <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> After Statin Use</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Nesselroade, Ryan D.; Nickels, Leslie Connor</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Simultaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare injury. We report the case of bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> sustained with minimal force while refereeing a football game. The injury was suspected to be associated with statin use as the patient had no other identifiable risk factors. The diagnosis was confirmed using bedside ultrasound. PMID:21079697</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26023494"><span id="translatedtitle">An epigastric heteropagus twin with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> giant omphalocele.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Dar, Sajid Hameed; Liaqat, Naeem; Iqbal, Javaid; Latif, Tariq; Iqbal, Asif</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>We present a case of heteropagus twins attached to the epigastric region. The neonate also had <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> giant omphalocoele with most of gut and liver lying outside the abdominal cavity. Patient had uneventful surgery for separation of twins and repair of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> omphalocoele. PMID:26023494</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li class="active"><span>11</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_11 --> <div id="page_12" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li class="active"><span>12</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="221"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4420321"><span id="translatedtitle">An Epigastric Heteropagus Twin with <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Giant Omphalocele</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Dar, Sajid Hameed; Iqbal, Javaid; Latif, Tariq; Iqbal, Asif</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>We present a case of heteropagus twins attached to the epigastric region. The neonate also had <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> giant omphalocoele with most of gut and liver lying outside the abdominal cavity. Patient had uneventful surgery for separation of twins and repair of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> omphalocoele. PMID:26023494</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2670885"><span id="translatedtitle">Pictorial essay. Roentgenologic appearance of traumatic diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Horvath, M; Verschakelen, J; Ponette, E; Baert, A L</p> <p>1989-04-01</p> <p>The difficulties in recognizing a diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> are well known and mostly due to a lack of typical clinical findings and an aspecific chest X-ray. This paper gives a brief review of the radiological techniques which can be helpful in the early diagnosis of traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the diaphragm. PMID:2670885</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/w585748305725427.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Bilateral synchronous quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: a case report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Varatharaj Mounasamy; Robert C. Chadderdon; Candice McDaniel; Mark C. Willis</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Bilateral spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of quadriceps tendons is rare and is usually associated with predisposing comorbid conditions.\\u000a We report an uncommon case of bilateral synchronous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon after a ground level fall in a 51-year-old\\u000a male, 8 years after renal transplant.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30505369"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon after arthroscopic lateral meniscectomy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Renato Viola; Nicola Marzano; Roberto Vianello</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>We report a case of complete quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> that occured a few days after arthroscopic lateral meniscectomy. Complications following arthroscopy are rare; there have been many reports of quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the literature, but none by this kind of mechanism.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30500642"><span id="translatedtitle">Achilles allograft reconstruction of a chronic patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>PD McNally; EA Marcelli</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>Chronic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the patellar tendon are uncommon injuries. They are technically difficult to repair because of scar formation, poor quality of the remaining tendon, and quadriceps muscle atrophy and contracture. We report the reconstruction of a chronic patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with an interesting complication, a tibial stress fracture. The reconstruction was performed 3 months after the injury using an</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/59275619"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> while playing basketball</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>M Shah; N Jooma</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>Simultaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is an uncommon injury in healthy people and only a few cases have been reported in athletes. This is the first report of a patient with simultaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> incurred while playing basketball. The injury was surgically repaired and the patient had a good functional outcome.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49692160"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a uremic patient</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Yu-Cheng Pei; Po-Ching Hsieh; Li-Zen Huang; Cheng-Kuen Chiang</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Quadriceps is a part of extensor mechanism, and it is a strong muscle bundle for knee joint movement. It rarely <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in the general population. We present a case with simultaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and discuss the causes. A 45-year-old man had a history of end stage renal disease and received regular hemodialysis treatment for more than 12 years.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30510857"><span id="translatedtitle">Repair of quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> using suture anchors</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>David P. Richards; F. Alan Barber</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>The repair of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> quadriceps tendon is commonly performed by weaving sutures through the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> tendon and then attaching the tendon to the bone by passing these sutures through tunnels in the superior patella. This technical note is the first report we are aware of in the English language literature of a technique that uses suture anchors to attach the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2299153"><span id="translatedtitle">Dorsal dislocation of the lunate with multiple extensor tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Schwartz, M G; Green, S M; Coville, F A</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>An old dorsal lunate dislocation with associated multiple extensor tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> is described. Treatment consisted of proximal row carpectomy and transfer of the extensor indicis proprius to the distal stumps of the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> extensor tendons to the long, ring, and small fingers. PMID:2299153</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23627342"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous posterior capsular <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with lens dislocation in pseudoexfoliation syndrome.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Takkar, Brijesh; Mahajan, Deepankur; Azad, Shorya; Sharma, Yog; Azad, Rajvardhan</p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>Spontaneous posterior capsule <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a very rare entity and its association with lens-nucleus dislocation even more. Herein we report such a case of spontaneous posterior capsule <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with lens dislocation in a case of Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome. PMID:23627342</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2490-6-22.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> renal artery aneurysm during pregnancy, a clinical dilemma</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Khaled B Soliman; Yaser Shawky; Mohamed M Abbas; Mohamed Ammary; Allaa Shaaban</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>BACKGROUND: <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of a renal artery aneurysm (RAA) during pregnancy is a rare event, with a high mortality rate for both mother and fetus. Increased blood flow and intra-abdominal pressure, and vascular changes secondary to increased steroid production are postulated as contributory to the increased risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present here a case report of total</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52223894"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Dynamics With Energy Loss Outside the Slip Zone</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>D. J. Andrews</p> <p>2003-01-01</p> <p>Energy loss in a damage zone outside the slip zone contributes to fracture energy. Because the thickness of the damage zone increases with <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation distance, fracture energy increases with earthquake size. A <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front propagating near its limiting velocity has a stress concentration with large shear components at orientations different from that of the slip zone. These components can</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/ag8p5j9ajdgwc0xj.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Emergent endovascular treatment of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>K. Sugiu; K. Tokunaga; K. Watanabe; W. Sasahara; S. Ono; T. Tamiya; I. Date</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>The goal of this study was to evaluate the results of endovascular and surgical treatments for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms (VADAs) to determine which treatment is preferable. We evaluated the cases of 25 consecutive patients with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> VADAs treated in our institution. From 1992 to 1997, five patients were treated surgically. Since 1998, 20 patients with VADAs have been</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/x308190202366250.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Biomechanics of Plaque <span class="hlt">Rupture</span>: Progress, Problems, and New Frontiers</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Peter D. Richardson</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>Plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has become identified as a critical step in the evolution of arterial plaques, especially as clinically significant events occur in critical arteries. It has become common in the past dozen years or so to consider which plaques are vulnerable, even though not yet <span class="hlt">ruptured</span>. Thrombotic events have remained significant, but in a context where they are seen as</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/reports/reprints/Parsons_GRL39.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Paleoseismic interevent times interpreted for an unsegmented earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> forecast</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Paleoseismic interevent times interpreted for an unsegmented earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> forecast Tom] Forecasters want to consider an increasingly rich variety of earthquake <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. Past occurrence is captured. This has not been a problem before, because forecasts have assumed that faults are segmented</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32875810"><span id="translatedtitle">Monochorionic Twins with <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Vasa Previa: Double Trouble!</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>D. Papathanasiou; R. Witlox; D. Oepkes; F. J. Walther; K. W. M. Bloemenkamp; E. Lopriore</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Velamentous cord insertion and vasa previa occur more frequently in monochorionic twin pregnancies than in singleton pregnancies. Both have been linked with poor perinatal outcome due to the increased risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the velamentous vessels. We present a case of acute fetal distress in 2 fetuses in a monochorionic twin pregnancy caused by <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> vasa previa that was not</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFM.S23D..02S"><span id="translatedtitle">Relaxing Segmentation: Does It Improve Characterization of Fault <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Behavior?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Schwartz, D. P.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>Most faults have not <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> once historically, let alone repeatedly. Estimating future <span class="hlt">rupture</span> length of an earthquake source has been a challenge since the 1970s when concepts of full and half fault lengths were employed. In the 1980s paleoseismic event timing and observations of slip, coupled with geometric and other physical fault changes, led to concepts of fault segmentation and it's modeling for hazard. The Uniform California Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Forecast 3 (UCERF 3, Field et al., 2014) relaxed segmentation, guided by rules in which a separation distance of ?5km and orientation to Coulomb stress changes at fault junctions are prime factors for allowing fault-to-fault jumps. A set of ~350 fault sections produced ~250K <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> ranging in length from 15 km-1200 km. An inversion provided the rates of these, which range from 102-108 years. Many of the long <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> have exceedingly low individual rates within the UCERF 3 geologic model but are sufficient in number to release cumulative moment that brings the long-term (Myr) and historical (since 1850) MFDs for the California region into close agreement. Does UCERF 3 have too many multi-fault <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>? Since 1850 there have been ~260 surface <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> worldwide in shallow continental crust. 77% are 0-49km; 6% exceed 150km, and the longest is 1906 San Francisco (435-470 km). In California since 1857 there have been 31 surface <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. 77% are shorter than 49 km. The longest are 1906, 1857 Fort Tejon (297km), and 1872 Owens Valley (108 km). Most long historical strike-slip <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are continuous and geomorphically well-defined traces with limited geometric changes. In contrast, UCERF3 modeling of the south Hayward, as an example, allows it to participate in <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> that extend to the south ends of the San Andreas or San Jacinto faults (900 km). These include branching (Hayward-Calaveras, San Andreas-San Jacinto) and jumps (Calaveras-San Andreas) on creeping sections of these faults. 5km is the connectivity threshold in UCERF 3 but only 40% of historical <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> have negotiated this distance. There are other controls of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation: frictional properties, <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics, creep, and, as shown by the 2002 Denali-Totschunda <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, the timing of the prior event and level of stress accumulation on adjacent fault sections. Time will be the tester.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40851860"><span id="translatedtitle">Subducted seafloor relief stops <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in South American great earthquakes: Implications for <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behaviour in the 2010 Maule, Chile earthquake</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Robert Sparkes; Frederik Tilmann; Niels Hovius; John Hillier</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Great subduction earthquakes cause destructive surface deformation and ground shaking over hundreds of kilometres. Their <span class="hlt">rupture</span> length is limited by the characteristic strength of the subduction plate interface, and by lateral variations in its mechanical properties. It has been proposed that subduction of topographic features such as ridges and seamounts can affect these properties and stop <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation, but the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15698332"><span id="translatedtitle">Multifractal scaling of thermally activated <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sornette, D; Ouillon, G</p> <p>2005-01-28</p> <p>We propose a "multifractal stress activation" model combining thermally activated <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and long memory stress relaxation, which predicts that seismic decay rates after mainshocks follow the Omori law approximately 1/t(p) with exponents p linearly increasing with the magnitude M(L) of the mainshock. We carefully test this prediction on earthquake sequences in the Southern California earthquake catalog: we find power law relaxations of seismic sequences triggered by mainshocks with exponents p increasing with the mainshock magnitude by approximately 0.1-0.15 for each magnitude unit increase, from p(M(L) = 3) approximately 0.6 to p(M(L) = 7) approximately 1.1, in good agreement with the prediction of the multifractal model. PMID:15698332</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23696292"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Rathke cleft cyst mimicking pituitary apoplexy.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Neidert, Marian Christoph; Woernle, Christoph Michael; Leske, Henning; Möller-Goede, Diane; Pangalu, Athina; Schmid, Christoph; Bernays, René-Ludwig</p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) are benign cystic lesions of the sellar and suprasellar region that are asymptomatic in most cases. Occasionally, compression of the optic pathway and hypothalamo-pituitary structures may cause clinical symptoms, such as headaches, visual deficits and endocrinopathies. Acute presentation caused by hemorrhage into an RCC have been described in the literature, and the term "Rathke cleft cyst apoplexy" has been coined. We present the case of a 32-year-old man with acute onset of meningitis-type symptoms and imaging findings resembling hemorrhagic pituitary tumor apoplexy. In retrospect, clinical symptoms, intraoperative appearance, and histologic examination were compatible with the diagnosis of nonhemorrhagic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an RCC. Thus, the clinical presentation of "Rathke cleft cyst apoplexy" is not necessarily caused by hemorrhage. PMID:23696292</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li class="active"><span>12</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_12 --> <div id="page_13" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li class="active"><span>13</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="241"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19820056800&hterms=yttrium+oxide&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dyttrium%2Boxide"><span id="translatedtitle">Creep and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an ODS alloy with high stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> ductility. [Oxide Dispersion Strengthened</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Mcalarney, M. E.; Arsons, R. M.; Howson, T. E.; Tien, J. K.; Baranow, S.</p> <p>1982-01-01</p> <p>The creep and stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> properties of an oxide (Y2O3) dispersion strengthened nickel-base alloy, which also is strengthened by gamma-prime precipitates, was studied at 760 and 1093 C. At both temperatures, the alloy YDNiCrAl exhibits unusually high stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> ductility as measured by both elongation and reduction in area. Failure was transgranular, and different modes of failure were observed including crystallographic fracture at intermediate temperatures and tearing or necking almost to a chisel point at higher temperatures. While the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> ductility was high, the creep strength of the alloy was low relative to conventional gamma prime strengthened superalloys in the intermediate temperature range and to ODS alloys in the higher temperature range. These findings are discussed with respect to the alloy composition; the strengthening oxide phases, which are inhomogeneously dispersed; the grain morphology, which is coarse and elongated and exhibits many included grains; and the second phase inclusion particles occurring at grain boundaries and in the matrix. The creep properties, in particular the high stress dependencies and high creep activation energies measured, are discussed with respect to the resisting stress model of creep in particle strengthened alloys.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFM.S23D..04L"><span id="translatedtitle">The Nucleation and Dynamic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of Laboratory Earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Latour, S.; Schubnel, A.; Nielsen, S. B.; Madariaga, R. I.; Ampuero, J. P.; Vinciguerra, S.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>We present the results of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> experiments intended to mimic seismic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of faults.The experimental device consists of a plate of polycarbonate in which a fault is cut at a critical angle, such that it produces stick-slip when it is submitted to uniaxal stress loading. The <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are visualized by photo-elasticity recorded with a high velocity camera. The radiated wavefield is studied with a network of acoustic sensors. In a first part, we study the slow initiation of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. We show that this stage actually consists of two phases, a long exponential growth followed by a catastrophic acceleration. The critical length and critical <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity of the transition scale depend inversely on the normal stress; while the characteristic time is independent of the normal stress. We discuss these results with respect to recent observations of earthquake nucleation in natural faults. In a second part, we will show that this experiment can be used to study the effect of barriers on a fault, as well as the effect on <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation of a kink on a fault. We provide detailed observation of the wavefield radiated by the barrier, and compare it to the wavefield radiated by a kink. We compare the observations with theoretical results for the radiation of a barrier in a 2D in-plane geometry, and with 2D numerical simulations of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics by the spectral element method.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..16.6261G"><span id="translatedtitle">Interaction of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with small-scale heterogeneities</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Galis, Martin; Mai, P. Martin</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>Broadband ground motion simulations, with frequencies up to 10Hz, are important for engineering purposes, in particular for seismic hazard assessment for critical facilities. One problem in such simulations is the generation of high frequency radiation emitted during the dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process. Ad-hoc kinematic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> characterizations can be tweaked through empirical models to radiate over the desired frequency range, but their physical consistency remains questionable. In contrast, for physically self-consistent dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> modeling, controlled by friction, material parameters and the adopted physical laws, the mechanism that may lead to appropriate high-frequency radiation require heterogeneity in friction, stress, or fault geometry (or even all three quantities) at unknown but small length scales. Dunham at al. (2011) studied dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation on rough faults in 2D, and described how fault roughness excites high-frequency radiation. In our study, we focus on the interaction of the dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with small-scale heterogeneities on planar faults in 3D. We study effects of the interaction of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with 1) small-scale heterogeneities in the medium (that is, randomized 3D wave speed and density variations), and 2) small-scale heterogeneities in the frictional parameters. Our numerical results show significant variations in <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity or peak slip velocity if small-scale heterogeneities are present. This indicates that the dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is sensitive to both types of spatial inhomogeneity. At the same time we observe that the resulting near-source seismic wave fields are not very sensitive to these <span class="hlt">rupture</span> variations, indicating that wavefront healing effects may "simplify" the complex seismic radiation once the waves propagated several wave-lengths away from the fault.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9452378"><span id="translatedtitle">Frictional melting during the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the 1994 bolivian earthquake</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kanamori; Anderson; Heaton</p> <p>1998-02-01</p> <p>The source parameters of the 1994 Bolivian earthquake (magnitude Mw = 8.3) suggest that the maximum seismic efficiency eta was 0.036 and the minimum frictional stress was 550 bars. Thus, the source process was dissipative, which is consistent with the observed slow <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed, only 20% of the local S-wave velocity. The amount of nonradiated energy produced during the Bolivian <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was comparable to, or larger than, the thermal energy of the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption and was sufficient to have melted a layer as thick as 31 centimeters. Once <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was initiated, melting could occur, which reduces friction and promotes fault slip. PMID:9452378</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24856574"><span id="translatedtitle">Splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> associated with primary CMV infection, AMSAN, and IVIG.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>de Havenon, Adam; Davis, Gary; Hoesch, Robert</p> <p>2014-07-15</p> <p>Splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare complication of primary cytomegalovirus infection, but has not been reported after administration of intravenous immunoglobulin or in the setting of the Guillain-Barré syndrome and its many variants, which often lead to treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin. There is strong evidence that intravenous immunoglobulin causes sequestration of erythrocytes in the spleen and extravascular hemolytic anemia. This may result in a two-hit scenario that clinicians should be aware of, where a patient who is at risk for splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> due to primary cytomegalovirus infection receives intravenous immunoglobulin as treatment for the cytomegalovirus-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome, further increasing their risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. PMID:24856574</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3702928"><span id="translatedtitle">Prophylactic decompression of extensor pollicis longus to prevent <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Navaratnam, A V; Ball, S; Eckersley, R</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>We present a case of a patient with spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of right extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon, who had also developed left wrist pain and weakness in his left EPL that MRI studies confirmed to be caused by tendinosis. Subsequently, decompression of left EPL and reconstruction of right EPL with palmaris longus tendon graft was undertaken. In this case, decompression of the left EPL tendon led to resolution of the patient's symptoms as well as preventing tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. We advocate the use of ultrasound imaging to evaluate EPL in these cases and prophylactic decompression of EPL tendon to avoid <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in those patients found to have tendinosis. PMID:23780776</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.S51B2375M"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Synchronicity in Complex Fault Systems</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Milner, K. R.; Jordan, T. H.</p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>While most investigators would agree that the timing of large earthquakes within a fault system depends on stress-mediated interactions among its elements, much of the debate relevant to time-dependent forecasting has been centered on single-fault concepts, such as characteristic earthquake behavior. We propose to broaden this discussion by quantifying the multi-fault concept of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> synchronicity. We consider a finite set of small, fault-spanning volumes {Vk} within a fault system of arbitrary (fractal) complexity. We let Ck be the catalog of length tmax comprising Nk discrete times {ti(k)} that mark when the kth volume participates in a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of magnitude > M. The main object of our analysis is the complete set of event time differences {?ij(kk') = ti(k) - tj(k')}, which we take to be a random process with an expected density function ?kk'(t). When k = k', we call this function the auto-catalog density function (ACDF); when k ? k', we call it the cross-catalog density function (CCDF). The roles of the ACDF and CCDF in synchronicity theory are similar to those of autocorrelation and cross-correlation functions in time-series analysis. For a renewal process, the ACDF can be written in terms of convolutions of the interevent-time distribution, and many of its properties (e.g., large-t asymptote) can be derived analytically. The interesting information in the CCDF, like that in the ACDF, is concentrated near t = 0. If two catalogs are completely asynchronous, the CCDF collapses to an asymptote given by the harmonic mean of the ACDF asymptotes. Synchronicity can therefore be characterized by the variability of the CCDF about this asymptote. The brevity of instrumental catalogs makes the identification of synchronicity at large M difficult, but we will illustrate potentially interesting behaviors through the analysis of a million-year California catalog generated by the earthquake simulator, RSQSim (Deiterich & Richards-Dinger, 2010), which we sampled at a dozen fault-spanning volumes. At the magnitude threshold M = 7, the ACDF can be well fit by renewal models with fairly small aperiodicity parameters (? < 0.2) for all fault volumes but one (on the San Jacinto fault). At interseismic (Reid) time scales, we observe pairs of fault segments that are tightly locked, such as the Cholame and Carrizo sections of the San Andreas Fault (SAF), where the CCDF and two ACDFs are nearly equal; segments out of phase (Carrizo-SAF/Coachella-SAF and Coachella-SAF/San Jacinto), where the CCDF variation is an odd function of time; and segments where events are in phase with integer ratios of recurrence times (2:1 synchronicity of Coachella-SAF/Mojave-SAF and Carrizo-SAF/Mojave-SAF). At near-seismic (Omori) time scales, we observe various modes of clustering, triggering, and shadowing in RSQSim catalogs; e.g., events on Mojave-SAF trigger Garlock events, and events on Coachella-SAF shut down events on San Jacinto. Therefore, despite its geometrical complexity and multiplicity of time scales, the RSQSim model of the San Andreas fault system exhibits a variety of synchronous behaviors that increase the predictability of large <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> within the system. A key question for earthquake forecasting is whether the real San Andreas system is equally, or much less, synchronous.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20736071"><span id="translatedtitle">High-resolution imaging of the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area (FFA) using multivariate non-linear classifiers shows diagnosticity for non-face categories.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hanson, Stephen José; Schmidt, Arielle</p> <p>2011-01-15</p> <p>Does the "<span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area" (FFA) code only for faces? This question continues to elude the neuroimaging field due to at least two kinds of problems: first, the relatively low spatial resolution of fMRI in which the FFA was defined and second, the potential bias inherent in prevailing statistical methods for analyzing the actual diagnosticity of cortical tissue. Using high-resolution (1 mm × 1 mm × 1 mm) imaging data of the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area (FFA) from 4 subjects who had categorized images as 'animal', 'car', 'face', or 'sculpture', we used multivariate linear and non-linear classifiers to decode the resultant voxel patterns. Prior to identifying the appropriate classifier we performed exploratory analysis to determine the nature of the distributions over classes and the voxel intensity pattern structure between classes. The FFA was visualized using non-metric multidimensional scaling revealing "string-like" sequences of voxels, which appeared in small non-contiguous clusters of categories, intertwined with other categories. Since this analysis suggested that feature space was highly non-linear, we trained various statistical classifiers on the class-conditional distributions (labelled) and separated the four categories with 100% reliability (over replications) and generalized to out-of-sample cases with high significance (up to 50%; p<.000001, chance=25%). The increased noise inherent in high-resolution neuroimaging data relative to standard resolution resisted any further gains in category performance above ~60% (with FACE category often having the highest bias per category) even coupled with various feature extraction/selection methods. A sensitivity/diagnosticity analysis for each classifier per voxel showed: (1) reliable (with S.E.<3%) sensitivity present throughout the FFA for all 4 categories, and (2) showed multi-selectivity; that is, many voxels were selective for more than one category with some high diagnosticity but at submaximal intensity. This work is clearly consistent with the characterization of the FFA as a distributed, object-heterogeneous similarity structure and bolsters the view that the FFA response to "FACE" stimuli in standard resolution may be primarily due to a linear bias, which has resulted from an averaging artefact. PMID:20736071</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29515033"><span id="translatedtitle">Multiple tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in systemic lupus erythematosus: case report and review of the literature</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>I Potasman; H M Bassan</p> <p>1984-01-01</p> <p>Tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare complication that appears to occur in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy. A case is presented with sequential bilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of Achilles tendon and unilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a patellar tendon. Six more published cases are reviewed. Tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in SLE has affected both males and females between the ages of 24 and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~kbolsen/PUBL_dir/2012GL053005.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Small intermediate fault segments can either aid or hinder <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation at stepovers</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Olsen, Kim Bak</p> <p></p> <p>Small intermediate fault segments can either aid or hinder <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation at stepovers Julian complexities along faults are known to be likely endpoints for coseismic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, as sug- gested by analysis of historic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> and corroborated by models of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on bent or discontinuous faults. However, natural</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60334882"><span id="translatedtitle">Analyses and correlations of HAPO <span class="hlt">rupture</span> experience with natural uranium material</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>R. R. Bloomstrand; W. I. Neef</p> <p>1958-01-01</p> <p>One of the major factors restricting reactor power levels is the incidence of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> slugs. The primary purpose in studying <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> is to determine how reactor operating variables affect <span class="hlt">rupture</span> rates. With this knowledge reactor operating conditions may be adjusted or controlled in the manner that will optimize reactor production. In addition, knowledge of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> rate relationships are useful in</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26060612"><span id="translatedtitle">Acute Patellar Tendon <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> after Total Knee Arthroplasty Revision.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rhee, Seung Joon; Pham, The Hien; Suh, Jeung Tak</p> <p>2015-06-01</p> <p>Patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a catastrophic complication following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Though revision TKA has been suspected of being a predisposing factor for the occurrence of patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, there are few reports on patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after revision TKA. Here, we present a case of acute patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> that occurred after TKA revision. In the patient, the patellar tendon was so thin and could not be repaired, and accordingly was sutured end to end. We used the anterior tibialis tendon allograft to augment the poor quality patellar tendon tissue. Fixation of the allograft was done by using the bone tunnel created through tibial tuberosity and suturing the allograft to the patellar tendon and quadriceps tendon. The patient was instructed to wear a full extension knee splint and was kept non-weight bearing for 6 weeks after operation. Full knee extension could be achieved 6 weeks postoperatively. PMID:26060612</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18345441"><span id="translatedtitle">Early surgery for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cerebral aneurysms: technical note.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sillero, Rafael de Oliveira; Sillero Filho, Valter José; Freire, Sylvio de Barros; Sillero, Valter José</p> <p>2007-12-01</p> <p>We describe a collection of techniques to be considered in the early clipping of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cerebral aneurysms located in the anterior circulation when dealing with the swollen red and scaring brain many times found after craniotomy. PMID:18345441</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4304499"><span id="translatedtitle">Delayed presentation of traumatic diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with complicated cholecystitis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Chun, Jae Min</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>The right-sided diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is often clinically occulted due to buffering effects of the liver and thus, erroneous diagnosis of such <span class="hlt">rupture</span> may result in life-threatening conditions. A 44-year-old female who had a history of car accident in 2006 was admitted to our hospital for pleuritic pain. On the chest computed tomography, she was diagnosed with diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> accompanied by herniation of hypertrophic left liver with complicated cholecystitis and we carried out cholecystectomy, reduction of the liver, pleural drainage, and primary closure of the diaphragm via thoracic approaches. Our case is presented in three unique aspects: herniation of left hemiliver, hypertrophic liver herniated up to the 4th rib level, and combination of complicated cholecystitis. Although the diagnosis of right-sided diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> can be challenging for the surgeon, an early diagnosis can prevent further complications on the clinical presentation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/59743"><span id="translatedtitle">Controls on earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and triggering mechanisms in subduction zones</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Llenos, Andrea Lesley</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Large earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and triggering mechanisms that drive seismicity in subduction zones are investigated in this thesis using a combination of earthquake observations, statistical and physical modeling. A comparison ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4458483"><span id="translatedtitle">Acute Patellar Tendon <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> after Total Knee Arthroplasty Revision</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Rhee, Seung Joon; Pham, The Hien</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a catastrophic complication following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Though revision TKA has been suspected of being a predisposing factor for the occurrence of patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, there are few reports on patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after revision TKA. Here, we present a case of acute patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> that occurred after TKA revision. In the patient, the patellar tendon was so thin and could not be repaired, and accordingly was sutured end to end. We used the anterior tibialis tendon allograft to augment the poor quality patellar tendon tissue. Fixation of the allograft was done by using the bone tunnel created through tibial tuberosity and suturing the allograft to the patellar tendon and quadriceps tendon. The patient was instructed to wear a full extension knee splint and was kept non-weight bearing for 6 weeks after operation. Full knee extension could be achieved 6 weeks postoperatively. PMID:26060612</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4320801"><span id="translatedtitle">Aneurysmal <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of a Mesodiverticular Band to a Meckel's Diverticulum</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sommerhalder, Christian; Fretwell, Kenneth R.; Salzler, Gregory G.; Creasy, John M.; Robitsek, R. Jonathan; Schubl, Sebastian D.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Aneurysmal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a mesodiverticular band has not previously been reported in the clinical literature. We are reporting a case of hemoperitoneum in a 51-year-old male after an aneurysmal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a mesodiverticular band. This case demonstrates that in rare instances, a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the mesodiverticular band leading to Meckel's diverticulum can lead to significant hemoperitoneum. This is usually caused by a traumatic injury but in our case was apparently caused by an aneurysm of the mesodiverticular artery. Patients with known Meckel's diverticula should be aware of the possibility of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, as should clinicians treating those with a history of this usually benign congenital abnormality. Rapid surgical intervention is necessary to repair the source of bleeding, as massive blood loss was encountered in this case. PMID:25688323</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19680000344&hterms=tantalum+rhenium+alloy&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dtantalum%2Brhenium%2Balloy"><span id="translatedtitle">Nickel base alloy with improved stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> properties</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Collins, H. E.; Quigg, R. J.</p> <p>1968-01-01</p> <p>Nickel base superalloy with improved stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> properties is used for jet aircraft turbine blades. This alloy is capable of maintaining its strength and its creep, oxidation, and thermal fatigue resistance at high temperature.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22668529"><span id="translatedtitle">Delayed and occult splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: a diagnostic puzzle.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Poiasina, E; Battaglia, L; Leo, E; Muscarà, C; Rampa, M; Vannelli, A</p> <p>2012-04-01</p> <p>Splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a common complaint encountered in emergency surgery. Trauma is the most common cause of splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, while non-traumatic or occult splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (OSR) is a rare condition. The differential diagnosis weighs on treatment that ranges between close monitoring, splenorrhaphy, splenic conservation and splenectomy. We report a case of an 63-year-old man presenting with acute atraumatic left upper quadrant pain. Preliminary diagnosis was subsequently determined to be a hematoma secondary to OSR. More accurate detailed history revealed a previous trauma, which occurred more than one year before and mimicked an OSR. Delayed and occult splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> are as different diagnosis as different treatment. Even in emergency surgery, the key for a target therapeutic strategy should consider an accurate diagnostic time. PMID:22668529</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25688323"><span id="translatedtitle">Aneurysmal <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of a Mesodiverticular Band to a Meckel's Diverticulum.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sommerhalder, Christian; Fretwell, Kenneth R; Salzler, Gregory G; Creasy, John M; Robitsek, R Jonathan; Schubl, Sebastian D</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Aneurysmal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a mesodiverticular band has not previously been reported in the clinical literature. We are reporting a case of hemoperitoneum in a 51-year-old male after an aneurysmal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a mesodiverticular band. This case demonstrates that in rare instances, a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the mesodiverticular band leading to Meckel's diverticulum can lead to significant hemoperitoneum. This is usually caused by a traumatic injury but in our case was apparently caused by an aneurysm of the mesodiverticular artery. Patients with known Meckel's diverticula should be aware of the possibility of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, as should clinicians treating those with a history of this usually benign congenital abnormality. Rapid surgical intervention is necessary to repair the source of bleeding, as massive blood loss was encountered in this case. PMID:25688323</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li class="active"><span>13</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_13 --> <div id="page_14" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li class="active"><span>14</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="261"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/230715"><span id="translatedtitle">Stress-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> strength of alloy 718</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Kennedy, R.L.; Cao, W.D.; Thomas, W.M. [Teledyne Allvac, Monroe, NC (United States)</p> <p>1996-03-01</p> <p>Alloy 718 is the most widely used of the nickel-base superalloys in aerospace applications such as compressor and turbine disks, cases, compressor blades and fasteners in aircraft gas-turbine engines. Since the development of the superalloy by Inco Alloys International over 30 years ago, researchers have made many slight modifications in chemical composition, and have refined process techniques to achieve further improvements in performance. Relatively little information on the effects of phosphorus has been published, and the available information is contradictory. However, phosphorus in superalloys is generally considered detrimental, and by specification is controlled to a low maximum value (0.015% max, for example, in AMS5662 E). This lack of data is the basis of a study by Teledyne Allvac to determine the effects of the interaction of phosphorus, boron, and carbon on the mechanical properties, processing characteristics, and microstructure of Allvac 718. Results show that a significant improvement in stress-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> properties over those of a commercial Alloy 718 material is possible by optimizing phosphorus, boron, and carbon additions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/c167202v38488351.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Esophageal <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>: triage using the systemic inflammatory response syndrome score</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Kouichi Furugaki; Junichi Yoshida; Koji Hokazono; Takuya Emoto; Jo Nakashima; Mayumi Ohyama; Toshiyuki Ishimitsu; Masahiro Shinohara; Kenichi Matsuo</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Esophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare entity. Delay in the diagnosis and treatment may threaten the patient’s life. The decision for\\u000a surgical or nonsurgical treatment, however, remains controversial because advocates of both treatments have reported comparable\\u000a results. To quantify the decision making, we suggest the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score for triage of\\u000a an esophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Using this criterion for</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49576098"><span id="translatedtitle">FRP <span class="hlt">rupture</span> strains in the split-disk test</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>J. F. Chen; S. Q. Li; L. A. Bisby; J. Ai</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>The strengthening of concrete and concrete-filled steel columns by applying externally-bonded fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite jackets has become a popular retrofit technique. Failure of such FRP-wrapped columns is usually governed by <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the FRP in the hoop direction. Two common material test methods have been used to obtain the hoop strength and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> strain of FRP composites used in</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/6548382"><span id="translatedtitle">Acute traumatic aortic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: early stent-graft repair</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>M. Lachat; T. Pfammatter; H. Witzke; E. Bernard; U. Wolfensberger; A. Künzli; M. Turina</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>Objective: Prospective evaluation of early stent-graft repair of acute traumatic aortic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Methods: Twelve patients with acute traumatic aortic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the descending aorta, out of a series of 337 endovascular aortic procedures, were treated by implantation of self-expanding stent-grafts. The procedures were performed within a mean post-injury time-period of 5±7 days (median: 1 day). The feasibility of stent-grafting was</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31443453"><span id="translatedtitle">Tracheobronchial <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> from blunt thoracic trauma in children</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>M Ait Ali Slimane; F Becmeur; D Aubert; B Bachy; F Varlet; Y Chavrier; S Daoud; B Fremond; J. M Guys; P de Lagausie; Y Aigrain; O Reinberg; P Sauvage</p> <p>1999-01-01</p> <p>Background\\/Purpose: Tracheobronchial <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in blunt thoracic trauma in children are rare. The aim of this study was to suggest the means of an early diagnosis and a conservative management as often as possible.Methods: Sixteen cases of tracheobronchial <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> by blunt thoracic trauma were observed over 26 years in 9 regional pediatric centers.Results: There were 12 boys and 4 girls, from</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40031702"><span id="translatedtitle">Aqueous solvents for extracting glanded cottonseed protein without gland <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>L. L. Muller; T. J. Jacks; T. P. Hensarling</p> <p>1976-01-01</p> <p>The presence of pigment glands has thwarted attempts to extract edible cottonseed protein aqueously from glanded seeds or\\u000a gland-rich meals, probably because of the widely held belief that glands <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on contact with aqueous media. We found several\\u000a aqueous salt solutions in which glands did not <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Glands remained intact in saturated (2m) sodium sulfate, but not in saturated 2m</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012GeoJI.188.1141B"><span id="translatedtitle">Tracking unilateral earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> by P-wave polarization analysis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Bayer, B.; Kind, R.; Hoffmann, M.; Yuan, X.; Meier, T.</p> <p>2012-03-01</p> <p>Rapid estimation of earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation is essential to declare an early warning for tsunami-generating earthquakes. An increasing number of seismological methods have been developed to determine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> parameters, such as length, velocity and propagation direction, especially since the occurrence of the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake that resulted in a devastating tsunami in the Indian Ocean region. Here, we present a new method to follow the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process in near real time by a polarization analysis of local and regional P phases that permits a faster determination of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> properties than using teleseismic records. The new technique has the capability to provide detailed information in less than 10 min. Originally, the method stems from a single-station earthquake location method and is expanded here to monitor P-phase polarization variations through time. As the earthquake source moves away from the hypocentre, the backazimuth of an incoming P phase is expected to change accordingly. With polarization analysis we may be able to monitor the temporal change in P-wave backazimuth to follow the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process in near real time. Three component P phases are scanned to determine the azimuthal variation as a function of time. The backazimuth of a moving <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front is determined by the first eigenvector of the covariance matrix. The linearity of the particle motion is used as a measure of the quality of the data. Seismic stations at local and regional distances (?) are used. We tested the new method with a theoretical simulation and observed seismograms of the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake (2004 December 26, Mw= 9.3), and we were able to follow the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> for the first 200 s. For larger <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>, stations at more than 30° epicentral distances would be required. The method is also successfully applied to the Wenchuan earthquake (2008 May 12, Mw= 8.0).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26015380"><span id="translatedtitle">[Analysis of <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> during Follow-up of Unruptured Aneurysm].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Koyama, Shinya; Inoue, Mizuho; Uchida, Hiroki; Niizuma, Kuniyasu; Saito, Atsushi; Kon, Hiroyuki; Sasaki, Tatsuya; Nishijima, Michiharu</p> <p>2015-06-01</p> <p><i>Object</i>:To elucidate clinical aspects of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> aneurysms, we retrospectively investigated associations between risk factors and <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> and unruptured cases during conservative management. <i>Methods</i>:Two hundred and twenty-nine patients with 291 unruptured cerebral aneurysms treated between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed. Mean duration of observation was 62 months(1183.4 person-years). We investigated the following six risk factors: history of subarachnoid hemorrhage;multiplicity;location of aneurysms;aneurysm size ?5mm;bleb or irregular forms;and follow-up period <1 year. <i>Results</i>:Twenty-two aneurysms in 22 patients(19 women;86.4%)<span class="hlt">ruptured</span> during this study. The annual rate of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was 1.86%. In <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cases, mean age was 66.7 years. According to univariate analysis, aneurysm size?5mm(<i>p</i>=0.000), bleb or irregular form(<i>p</i>=0.006)and duration of observation<1 year(<i>p</i>=0.000)were significantly associated with aneurysmal <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. In multivariate analysis of these factors, aneurysm size?5mm(<i>p</i>=0.0188;odds ratio(OR), 3.4;95% confidence interval(CI), 1.2-9.7)and duration of observation<1 year(<i>p</i>=0.006;OR, 5.0;95% CI, 1.6-14.9)represented independent risk factors for aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. <i>Conclusions</i>:The results of this study were almost the same as those of the UCAS Japan study. In addition, duration of observation <1 year was a risk factor for aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. When we decide on surgical treatment after considering factors such as aneurysm size, form, and surgical risk, surgery should be performed as soon as possible. PMID:26015380</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21766204"><span id="translatedtitle">[Ligament <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the lower extremity in the elderly].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Herbort, M; Raschke, M J</p> <p>2011-08-01</p> <p>There is an increasing incidence of ligament <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the lower extremities in older patients. This higher incidence is caused by the typical current demographic changes in the population and the higher level of activity and athletic motivation of the older people in our society. In this review we address the most important ligament <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the lower extremity in the old patient. Quadriceps tendon and Achilles tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are mostly the result of degenerative and abrasion changes. The ACL <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on the other hand occurs spontaneously after adequate trauma and without former degenerative changes especially in highly active patients. For a differentiated treatment of the older patient with tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>, secondary diseases, an increased risk and complication profile and a potentially decreased compliance during rehabilitation must be taken into consideration before indicating operative or conservative therapy. There are no strict age-related limitations for indication of an operative treatment of tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in the older patient. In this patient group a differentiated treatment decision is recommended. PMID:21766204</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005APS..MARW37001M"><span id="translatedtitle">Volume Fraction Dependence of Droplet <span class="hlt">Rupturing</span> in Concentrated Nanoemulsions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Meleson, K.</p> <p>2005-03-01</p> <p>We investigate droplet <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> by extreme shear in concentrated silicone oil-in-water nanoemulsions stabilized by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) surfactant. According to Taylor's prediction for dilute emulsions, the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> droplet radius, a, varies inversely with the viscosity of the continuous phase. If one assumes that the emulsion's effective viscosity controls the average radius of the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> droplets, then emulsions that have larger droplet volume fractions, ?s would be <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> by the same shear flow to smaller radii. In stark contrast to this, we find that the average droplet radius actually rises with as ? approaches the quiescent maximally random jammed value of 0.64. This is evidence that both droplet <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> and coalescence occur when concentrated emulsions are subjected to extreme shear. We have also observed phase inversion to an oil-continuous emulsion for ? > 0.64. This supports the idea that coalescence occurs as the driving shear breaks thin films between the concentrated oil droplets at high ?. In addition, we find that the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> droplet size is relatively insensitive to large changes in the oil viscosity inside the droplets.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6394169"><span id="translatedtitle">Short term creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> predictions for Tantalum alloy T-3</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Stephens, J.J.</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>A knowledge of the short term creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior of Tantalum alloy T-111 is necessary to predict device integrity in the heat source section of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG's) at the end of service life, in the event of a fuel fire. High pressures exist in RTG's near the end of service life, these are caused by gas generation resulting from radioactive decay of the nuclear fuel. The internal pressure exerts a significant hoop stress on the T-111 alloy structural containment member. This paper analyses the short term creep behavior (<span class="hlt">rupture</span> times up to {approximately}2 {times} 10{sup 3} hrs.) of cold worked (CW) T-111 alloy, using the existing data of Stephenson (1967). Corellations for the time to <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, time to 1% strain and minimum creep rate have been obtained from this data using multivariable linear regression analysis. These results are compared to other short term <span class="hlt">rupture</span> data for T-111 alloy. Finally, at the stress/temperature levels relevant to the RTG fuel fire scenario near the end of service life, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time correlation for T-111 alloy predicts a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time of approximately 100 hrs. 10 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5814124"><span id="translatedtitle">Short term creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> predictions for tantalum alloy T-111</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Stephens, J.J. (Division 1832 Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-5800 (US))</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>A knowledge of the short term creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior of Tantalum alloy T-111 is necessary to predict device integrity in the heat source section of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) at the end of service life, in the event of a fuel fire. High pressures exist in RTGs near the end of service life, these are caused by gas generation resulting from radioactive decay of the nuclear fuel. The internal pressure exerts a significant hoop stress on the T-111 alloy structural containment member. This paper analyses the short term creep behavior (<span class="hlt">rupture</span> times up to {similar to}2{times}10{sup 3} hrs.) of cold worked (CW) T-111 alloy, using the existing data of Stephenson (1967). Corellations for the time to <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, time to 1% strain and minimum creep rate have been obtained from this data using multivariable linear regression analysis. These results are compared to other short term <span class="hlt">rupture</span> data for T-111 alloy. Finally, at the stress/temperature levels relevant to the RTG fuel fire scenario near the end of service life, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time correlation for T-111 alloy predicts a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time of approximately 100 hrs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3865515"><span id="translatedtitle">Stimulus Value Signals in Ventromedial PFC Reflect the Integration of Attribute Value Signals Computed in <span class="hlt">Fusiform</span> Gyrus and Posterior Superior Temporal Gyrus</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Lim, Seung-Lark; O'Doherty, John P.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>We often have to make choices among multiattribute stimuli (e.g., a food that differs on its taste and health). Behavioral data suggest that choices are made by computing the value of the different attributes and then integrating them into an overall stimulus value signal. However, it is not known whether this theory describes the way the brain computes the stimulus value signals, or how the underlying computations might be implemented. We investigated these questions using a human fMRI task in which individuals had to evaluate T-shirts that varied in their visual esthetic (e.g., color) and semantic (e.g., meaning of logo printed in T-shirt) components. We found that activity in the <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus, an area associated with the processing of visual features, correlated with the value of the visual esthetic attributes, but not with the value of the semantic attributes. In contrast, activity in posterior superior temporal gyrus, an area associated with the processing of semantic meaning, exhibited the opposite pattern. Furthermore, both areas exhibited functional connectivity with an area of ventromedial prefrontal cortex that reflects the computation of overall stimulus values at the time of decision. The results provide supporting evidence for the hypothesis that some attribute values are computed in cortical areas specialized in the processing of such features, and that those attribute-specific values are then passed to the vmPFC to be integrated into an overall stimulus value signal to guide the decision. PMID:23678116</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3847124"><span id="translatedtitle">Ultra-fast speech comprehension in blind subjects engages primary visual cortex, <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus, and pulvinar – a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Background Individuals suffering from vision loss of a peripheral origin may learn to understand spoken language at a rate of up to about 22 syllables (syl) per second - exceeding by far the maximum performance level of normal-sighted listeners (ca. 8 syl/s). To further elucidate the brain mechanisms underlying this extraordinary skill, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed in blind subjects of varying ultra-fast speech comprehension capabilities and sighted individuals while listening to sentence utterances of a moderately fast (8 syl/s) or ultra-fast (16 syl/s) syllabic rate. Results Besides left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), bilateral posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) and left supplementary motor area (SMA), blind people highly proficient in ultra-fast speech perception showed significant hemodynamic activation of right-hemispheric primary visual cortex (V1), contralateral <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> gyrus (FG), and bilateral pulvinar (Pv). Conclusions Presumably, FG supports the left-hemispheric perisylvian “language network”, i.e., IFG and superior temporal lobe, during the (segmental) sequencing of verbal utterances whereas the collaboration of bilateral pulvinar, right auditory cortex, and ipsilateral V1 implements a signal-driven timing mechanism related to syllabic (suprasegmental) modulation of the speech signal. These data structures, conveyed via left SMA to the perisylvian “language zones”, might facilitate – under time-critical conditions – the consolidation of linguistic information at the level of verbal working memory. PMID:23879896</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3450923"><span id="translatedtitle">Goal-Directed Actions Activate the Face-Sensitive Posterior Superior Temporal Sulcus and <span class="hlt">Fusiform</span> Gyrus in the Absence of Human-Like Perceptual Cues</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Shultz, Sarah</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>The conditions under which we identify entities as animate agents and the neural mechanisms supporting this ability are central questions in social neuroscience. Prior studies have focused upon 2 perceptual cues for signaling animacy: 1) surface features representing body forms such as faces, torsos, and limbs and 2) motion cues associated with biological forms. Here, we consider a third cue—the goal-directedness of an action. Regions in the social brain network, such as the right posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) and <span class="hlt">fusiform</span> face area (FFA), are activated by human-like motion and body form perceptual cues signaling animacy. Here, we investigate whether these same brain regions are activated by goal-directed motion even when performed by entities that lack human-like perceptual cues. We observed an interaction effect whereby the presence of either human-like perceptual cues or goal-directed actions was sufficient to activate the right pSTS and FFA. Only stimuli that lacked human-like perceptual cues and goal-directed actions failed to activate the pSTS and FFA at the same level. PMID:21768227</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48048399"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon with contralateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: an unusual case and a review of the literature</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>A. Jalgaonkar; A. Rafee; O. Haddo; S. Sarkar</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of quadriceps tendon with contralateral patellar tendon is very rare. There are only two case reports\\u000a in English literature. We report the case of a healthy 41-year-old female with simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of her left quadriceps\\u000a tendon and right patellar tendon. There were no known precipitating factors for this injury. Surgical repair and early rehabilitation\\u000a achieved satisfactory outcome.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40448876"><span id="translatedtitle">Surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> mechanism of the October 1, 1995 ( M w=6.2) Dinar earthquake, SW Turkey</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>H. Koral</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>A moderate earthquake (Mw=6.2) caused substantial damage in the town of Dinar at 17:57 UT, on October 1, 1995. Surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has been observed to be discontinuous for 10km along the NW-trending Dinar fault segments. The surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has consisted of nearly vertical cracks up to several tens of meters long and a meter wide that display linear, sigmoidal and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2900591"><span id="translatedtitle">Carotid Atheroma <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Observed In Vivo and FSI-Predicted Stress Distribution Based on Pre-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> Imaging</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Rayz, Vitaliy L.; Soares, Bruno; Wintermark, Max; Mofrad, Mohammad R. K.; Saloner, David</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Atherosclerosis at the carotid bifurcation is a major risk factor for stroke. As mechanical forces may impact lesion stability, finite element studies have been conducted on models of diseased vessels to elucidate the effects of lesion characteristics on the stresses within plaque materials. It is hoped that patient-specific biomechanical analyses may serve clinically to assess the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> potential for any particular lesion, allowing better stratification of patients into the most appropriate treatments. Due to a sparsity of in vivo plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span> data, the relationship between various mechanical descriptors such as stresses or strains and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> vulnerability is incompletely known, and the patient-specific utility of biomechanical analyses is unclear. In this article, we present a comparison between carotid atheroma <span class="hlt">rupture</span> observed in vivo and the plaque stress distribution from fluid–structure interaction analysis based on pre-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> medical imaging. The effects of image resolution are explored and the calculated stress fields are shown to vary by as much as 50% with sub-pixel geometric uncertainty. Within these bounds, we find a region of pronounced elevation in stress within the fibrous plaque layer of the lesion with a location and extent corresponding to that of the observed site of plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. PMID:20232151</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8880628"><span id="translatedtitle">Antepartum surveillance in preterm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Vintzileos, A M</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>The objective of this presentation is to describe noninvasive techniques of antepartum fetal assessment which allow the differentiation of fetuses who will benefit from remaining in-utero versus those who are at risk for intraamniotic infection and will benefit from your prompt delivery. The literature is reviewed in regard to the fetal biophysical profile, the effect of premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes (PROM), the usefulness of individual biophysical component in predicting intraamniotic infection (amniotic fluid volume, non-stress testing), the use of the fetal biophysical profile in improving pregnancy outcome, the relationships among umbilical artery velocimetry, fetal biophysical profile and intraamniotic infection and the mechanisms by which infection diminishes fetal biophysical activities in PROM. After reviewing our own as well as the published experience with the use of fetal biophysical assessment in patients with PROM, the following conclusions are suggested: a) most studies have shown strong correlation between abnormal biophysical assessment and infection outcome (maternal and/or neonatal infection) as well as intraamniotic infection, if there is frequent (i.e. daily) testing; and b) fetal biophysical tests (profiles, NSTs, amniotic fluid volume determinations) are quite reliable in predicting the well fetus who can safely remain in-utero and also the fetus who is at high risk for developing neonatal sepsis. A protocol for management of preterm PROM will be outlined based upon frequent (daily) fetal biophysical assessment. Although there are no controlled randomized trials to support that pregnancy outcome is improved by the use of frequent biophysical assessment, non-randomized studies as well as studies with historic controls suggest that the use of frequent biophysical assessment is beneficial in managing patients with PROM. PMID:8880628</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19840020892&hterms=Richard+Unger&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3DRichard%2BW.%2BUnger"><span id="translatedtitle">Creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior of candidate Stirling engine iron supperalloys in high-pressure hydrogen. Volume 2: Hydrogen creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Bhattacharyya, S.; Peterman, W.; Hales, C.</p> <p>1984-01-01</p> <p>The creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior of nine iron base and one cobalt base candidate Stirling engine alloys is evaluated. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> life, minimum creep rate, and time to 1% strain data are analyzed. The 3500 h <span class="hlt">rupture</span> life stress and stress to obtain 1% strain in 3500 h are also estimated.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li class="active"><span>14</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_14 --> <div id="page_15" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li class="active"><span>15</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="281"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3021316"><span id="translatedtitle">Hemodynamic-Morphologic Discriminants for Intracranial Aneurysm <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Xiang, Jianping; Natarajan, Sabareesh K.; Tremmel, Markus; Ma, Ding; Mocco, J; Hopkins, L. Nelson; Siddiqui, Adnan H.; Levy, Elad I.; Meng, Hui</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Background and Purpose To identify significant morphologic and hemodynamic parameters that discriminate intracranial aneurysm (IA) <span class="hlt">rupture</span> status using 3D angiography and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Methods 119 IAs (38 <span class="hlt">ruptured</span>, 81 unruptured) were analyzed from 3D angiographic images and CFD. Six morphologic and seven hemodynamic parameters were evaluated for significance with respect to <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis identified area under the curve (AUC) and optimal thresholds separating <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> from unruptured aneurysms for each parameter. Significant parameters were examined by multivariate logistic regression analysis in 3 predictive models—morphology only, hemodynamics only, and combined—to identify independent discriminants, and the AUC-ROC of the predicted probability of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> status was compared among these models. Results Morphologic parameters (Size Ratio [SR], Undulation Index, Ellipticity Index, and Nonsphericity Index) and hemodynamic parameters (Average Wall Shear Stress [WSS], Maximum intra-aneurysmal WSS, Low WSS Area, Average Oscillatory Shear Index [OSI], Number of Vortices, and Relative Resident Time) achieved statistical significance (p<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated SR to be the only independently significant factor in the morphology model (AUC=0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.75–0.91), whereas WSS and OSI were the only independently significant variables in the hemodynamics model (AUC=0.85, 95% CI 0.78–0.93). The combined model retained all three variables, SR, WSS, and OSI (AUC=0.89, 95% CI 0.82–0.96). Conclusion All three models—morphological (based on SR), hemodynamic (based on WSS and OSI), and combined—discriminate IA <span class="hlt">rupture</span> status with high AUC values. Hemodynamics is as important as morphology in discriminating aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> status. PMID:21106956</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20090034483&hterms=Mechanics&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3DMechanics"><span id="translatedtitle">Composite Overwrap Pressure Vessels: Mechanics and Stress <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Lifting Philosophy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Thesken, John C.; Murthy, Pappu L. N.; Phoenix, S. L.</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>The NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) has been conducting an independent technical assessment to address safety concerns related to the known stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> failure mode of filament wound pressure vessels in use on Shuttle and the International Space Station. The Shuttle s Kevlar-49 (DuPont) fiber overwrapped tanks are of particular concern due to their long usage and the poorly understood stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process in Kevlar-49 filaments. Existing long term data show that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is a function of stress, temperature and time. However due to the presence of load sharing liners and the complex manufacturing procedures, the state of actual fiber stress in flight hardware and test articles is not clearly known. Indeed nonconservative life predictions have been made where stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> data and lifing procedures have ignored the contribution of the liner in favor of applied pressure as the controlling load parameter. With the aid of analytical and finite element results, this paper examines the fundamental mechanical response of composite overwrapped pressure vessels including the influence of elastic plastic liners and degraded/creeping overwrap properties. Graphical methods are presented describing the non-linear relationship of applied pressure to Kevlar-49 fiber stress/strain during manufacturing, operations and burst loadings. These are applied to experimental measurements made on a variety of vessel systems to demonstrate the correct calibration of fiber stress as a function of pressure. Applying this analysis to the actual qualification burst data for Shuttle flight hardware revealed that the nominal fiber stress at burst was in some cases 23 percent lower than what had previously been used to predict stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> life. These results motivate a detailed discussion of the appropriate stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> lifing philosophy for COPVs including the correct transference of stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> life data between dissimilar vessels and test articles.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20070022369&hterms=Mechanics&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3DMechanics"><span id="translatedtitle">Composite Overwrap Pressure Vessels: Mechanics and Stress <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Lifing Philosophy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Thesken, John C.; Murthy, Pappu L. N.; Phoenix, Leigh</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>The NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) has been conducting an independent technical assessment to address safety concerns related to the known stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> failure mode of filament wound pressure vessels in use on Shuttle and the International Space Station. The Shuttle's Kevlar-49 fiber overwrapped tanks are of particular concern due to their long usage and the poorly understood stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process in Kevlar-49 filaments. Existing long term data show that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is a function of stress, temperature and time. However due to the presence of load sharing liners and the complex manufacturing procedures, the state of actual fiber stress in flight hardware and test articles is not clearly known. Indeed non-conservative life predictions have been made where stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> data and lifing procedures have ignored the contribution of the liner in favor of applied pressure as the controlling load parameter. With the aid of analytical and finite element results, this paper examines the fundamental mechanical response of composite overwrapped pressure vessels including the influence of elastic-plastic liners and degraded/creeping overwrap properties. Graphical methods are presented describing the non-linear relationship of applied pressure to Kevlar-49 fiber stress/strain during manufacturing, operations and burst loadings. These are applied to experimental measurements made on a variety of vessel systems to demonstrate the correct calibration of fiber stress as a function of pressure. Applying this analysis to the actual qualification burst data for Shuttle flight hardware revealed that the nominal fiber stress at burst was in some cases 23% lower than what had previously been used to predict stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> life. These results motivate a detailed discussion of the appropriate stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> lifing philosophy for COPVs including the correct transference of stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> life data between dissimilar vessels and test articles.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19329920"><span id="translatedtitle">An unusual late complication after SFA stenting: the artery <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Chisci, E; De Donato, G; Setacci, F; Raucci, A; Giubbolini, M; Setacci, C</p> <p>2009-04-01</p> <p>Peripheral artery <span class="hlt">rupture</span> as a late complication of an endovascular stenting, due to the protrusion of a stent, has never been described in the literature in thigh arteries. Here we describe two anecdotic cases of artery <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after superficial femoral artery (SFA) stenting. In both cases the endovascular procedure was performed as a reintervention at 2 and 27 months after a failed surgical or hybrid procedure for limb revascularization. The stent had been delivered in the first part of the SFA and the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> occurred at the junction between the common femoral artery and SFA, which is one of the most flexible parts of the femoral artery. The cause of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was probably caused by an ulcer of the stent against the artery wall concomitant with a status of local or systemic infection. A huge pseudoaneurysm developed in both cases. The massive bleeding was stopped by an emergency surgical bypass, with the removal of the stented artery. These two cases show the possibility of SFA <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after stenting. Previous surgical treatment, the site of stenting (first part of the SFA) and an active infection could predispose patients to this life-threatening complication. PMID:19329920</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22495864"><span id="translatedtitle">Collagen type V polymorphism in spontaneous quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Galasso, Olimpio; Iaccino, Enrico; Gallelli, Luca; Perrotta, Ida; Conforti, Francesco; Donato, Giuseppe; Gasparini, Giorgio</p> <p>2012-04-01</p> <p>Spontaneous simultaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is associated with multiple medical conditions and pharmacological treatments; however, identifying prior risk factors is impossible in most cases. Achilles tendon and anterior cruciate ligament <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are associated with collagen, type V, alpha 1 (COL5A1) polymorphism. This genetic variant may be implicated quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The COL5A1 encodes the protein for pro-?1 chains of the low-abundance heterotrimeric type V collagen. In most noncartilaginous tissues, type V collagen is a quantitatively minor component of type I collagen that has been implicated in the regulation of the size and configuration of type I collagen fibrils. The functional significance of COL5A1 polymorphism in relation to type V collagen expression or activity has not been determined.This article describes a patient with COL5A1 polymorphism and spontaneous simultaneous quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. However, genetic and histologic studies performed on blood and tendon tissues and 3 consecutive sex- and age-matched controls showed a statistically significant reduction in collagen type V expression and an alteration in collagen structure in the tendon. These findings might explain the pathomechanisms of spontaneous tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> associated with COL5A1 polymorphism. PMID:22495864</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11381504"><span id="translatedtitle">Midcalf ultrasonography for the diagnosis of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> Baker's cysts.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sato, O; Kondoh, K; Iyori, K; Kimura, H</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>Clinically significant and palpable enlargement of the gastrocnemio-semimembranosus bursa is known as a Baker's cyst. Baker's cysts may <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, resulting in a swollen, painful leg that is clinically indistinguishable from acute deep vein thrombosis. For this reason, <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> Baker's cysts are sometimes called pseudothrombophlebitis. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> Baker's cysts, and to evaluate the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of this condition. The hospital records of 106 patients (43 men and 63 women) who were referred to the vascular surgical department at Saitama Medical Center with unilateral or bilateral swollen legs between June 1997 and June 2000 were reviewed retrospectively. The total number of affected limbs was 125, being 52 right legs and 73 left legs. Deep vein thrombosis was the most common cause of swollen legs, being diagnosed in 44.8%. No specific anatomical derangement was found in 39 limbs (31.2%), and these were defined as idiopathic. Lymphedema was also common, being diagnosed in 16 limbs. <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Baker's cysts were observed in three limbs, with an incidence of 2.4%. In all of these patients, a large hypoechoic space was seen behind the calf muscles and this sonolucent area was easily detected by a conventional scanner, being pathognomonic of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> Baker's cyst. PMID:11381504</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2443772"><span id="translatedtitle">Two Cases of Spontaneous Liver <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> and Literature Review</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Cozzi, P. J.; Morris, D. L.</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>Spontaneous liver <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is uncommon, difficult to diagnose and carries a universally high mortality. It has been well documented to occur as a complication of primary or secondary hepatic malignancy. Similarly, there are 28 cases of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> haemangiomata described in the world literature. It is also well described in severe pregnancy-induced hypertension and is said to carry a mortality of 18% for patients treated by packing and drainage of the haematoma and 75% for patients treated with liver resection. Two female patients aged 60 and 61 presented to our accident and emergency department. One had a history of hypertension only and the other a history of a bleeding diathesis from the lupus anticoagulant. Both presented with hypotension and abdominal pain and both were diagnosed by abdominal CT scan. One was treated with hepatic artery ligation and tamponade and the other with liver resection and correction of the coagulopathy. Neither had any evidence of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> haemangioma or tumour at laparotomy or on histological examination, and both are alive and well. The conclusions to be drawn from this review and our own recent experience is that the treatment of choice for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> haemangiomata is liver resection and, for <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during pregnancy, is tamponade with packs and evacuation of the haematoma. Hepatic arteriography and embolisation, if possible, is a useful adjunct. Correction ofany coagulopathy is essential. We can only speculate that the aetiology in our patients was uncontrolled hypertension in one and coagulopathy in the other. PMID:8809590</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015JSeis..19..695A"><span id="translatedtitle">Maximum magnitude estimation considering the regional <span class="hlt">rupture</span> character</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Anbazhagan P.; Bajaj, Ketan; Moustafa, Sayed S. R.; Al-Arifi, Nassir S. N.</p> <p>2015-07-01</p> <p>The main objective of the paper is to develop a new method to estimate the maximum magnitude ( M max) considering the regional <span class="hlt">rupture</span> character. The proposed method has been explained in detail and examined for both intraplate and active regions. Seismotectonic data has been collected for both the regions, and seismic study area (SSA) map was generated for radii of 150, 300, and 500 km. The regional <span class="hlt">rupture</span> character was established by considering percentage fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (PFR), which is the ratio of subsurface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> length (RLD) to total fault length (TFL). PFR is used to arrive RLD and is further used for the estimation of maximum magnitude for each seismic source. Maximum magnitude for both the regions was estimated and compared with the existing methods for determining M max values. The proposed method gives similar M max value irrespective of SSA radius and seismicity. Further seismicity parameters such as magnitude of completeness ( M c ), " a" and " b " parameters and maximum observed magnitude ( M {max/obs}) were determined for each SSA and used to estimate M max by considering all the existing methods. It is observed from the study that existing deterministic and probabilistic M max estimation methods are sensitive to SSA radius, M c , a and b parameters and M {max/obs} values. However, M max determined from the proposed method is a function of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> character instead of the seismicity parameters. It was also observed that intraplate region has less PFR when compared to active seismic region.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25741921"><span id="translatedtitle">[Neglected ipsilateral simultaneous <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of patellar and quadriceps tendon].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Karahasano?lu, ?lker; Yolo?lu, Osman; Kerimo?lu, Servet; Turhan, Ahmet U?ur</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Neglected patellar and quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare injury, but ipsilateral simultaneous patellar and quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was not described in the literature to our knowledge. In this article, we report a 40-year-old healthy male patient with neglected ipsilateral patellar and quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> treated by peroneus longus tendon autograft. Patient had received some conservative and surgical treatments for patellar fracture before applying to our clinic. After our treatment using peroneus longus autograft and interference nails, patient was immobilized for six weeks in cylindrical cast. Flexion exercises and full weight bearing were started after cast removal. Patient had no complaint at postoperative second year. Patient was a neglected case. Surgical repair and early rehabilitation enabled us to achieve a satisfactory outcome. PMID:25741921</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986JNuM..141..486Y"><span id="translatedtitle">Microstructural observation on helium injected and creep <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> JPCA</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Yamamoto, N.; Shiraishi, H.; Kamitsubo, H.; Kohno, I.; Shikata, T.; Hishinuma, A.</p> <p>1986-11-01</p> <p>Detailed and quantitative TEM observation was performed on high temperature helium injected and creep <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> JPCA to seek the prominent TiC distribution developed for suppression of helium embrittlement. Three different preinjection treatments were adopted for changing the TiC distribution. Considerable degradation in creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> strength by helium occurred in solution-annealed specimens, although there was much less effect of other treatments which included aging prior to injection. The concentration of helium at grain boundaries and the promotion of precipitation by helium during injection were responsible for the degradation. Therefore, the presence of TiC precipitates before helium introduction will help prevent degradation. On the other hand, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> elongation was reduced by helium after all treatments, although helium trapping by TiC precipitates in the matrix was successfully achieved. Consequently, the combined use of several methods may be necessary for further suppression of helium embrittlement.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4173840"><span id="translatedtitle">Bilateral Poly Implant Prothèse Implant <span class="hlt">Rupture</span>: An Uncommon Presentation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Mallon, Peter; Ganachaud, François; Malhaire, Caroline; Brunel, Raphael; Sigal-Zafrani, Brigitte; Feron, Jean-Guillaume; Couturaud, Benoit; Fitoussi, Alfred</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Summary: A woman in her 50s underwent delayed bilateral Poly Implant Prothèse implant reconstruction following mastectomy for breast cancer. Symptoms of implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> developed 43 months after surgery with an erythematous rash on her trunk. The rash then spread to her reconstructed breast mounds. Initial ultrasound scan and magnetic resonance imaging were normal; however, subsequent magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated left implant <span class="hlt">rupture</span> only. In theater, following removal of both implants, both were found to be <span class="hlt">ruptured</span>. The rash on her trunk resolved within 3 weeks in the postoperative period. Chemical analyses of silicone in both implants confirmed a nonauthorized silicone source; in addition, the chemical structure was significantly different between the left and right implant, perhaps explaining the variation in presentation. PMID:25289223</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10181223"><span id="translatedtitle">Engineering evaluation of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> strainer in Building 309</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Papenfuss, J.N.</p> <p>1982-10-01</p> <p>This report deals with the consequences of the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> steam strainer and is divided into two sections. Section 1 evaluates the engineering aspects of the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> steam strainer, investigates the events that culminated in the damage and considers factors that may have contributed to the incident. Recommendations are presented to upgrade the system in Building 309 by incorporating hardware changes and proposes a change in operating procedures. Section 2 utilizes the findings presented in Section 1 as a basis for conducting a review on the remainder of the 300 Area steam system, in order to identify similar problem areas. Corrective action recommendations to reduce the risk of repeating component <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> from water hammer conditions were developed out of the survey and the associated review.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001APS..DFD.JJ013D"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Modes of Wetting-Suppression Lubricating Films</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>dell'Aversana, Pasquale; Vetrano, Maria Rosaria; Neitzel, G. Paul</p> <p>2001-11-01</p> <p>The use of both thermocapillarity and forced convection to generate lubricating gas films capable of suppressing wetting of a solid by a liquid are now well known. The possibility of utilizing this phenomenon in potential applications such as bearings requires a knowledge of the mechanisms of film failure under load. Employing interferometry and high-speed digital photography, we have investigated film <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in various circumstances. Contrary to the chance behavior sometimes reported, the present observations indicate the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> mode in many situations to be quite repeatable. In an attempt to explain the observed results, it is speculated that convective transport of surface electric charge increases the electrostatic attraction between the solid and some portions of the liquid surface, initiating film <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at these locations; previous work by Taylor and recent results seem to substantiate such a hypothesis. This, in turn, points to the possibility of managing the surface-charge distribution to control film stability.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=USGSPUBS&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70026333"><span id="translatedtitle">Evaluating fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> hazard for strike-slip earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Petersen, M.; Cao, T.; Dawson, Tim; Frankel, A.; Wills, C.; Schwartz, D.</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>We present fault displacement data, regressions, and a methodology to calculate in both a probabilistic and deterministic framework the fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> hazard for strike-slip faults. To assess this hazard we consider: (1) the size of the earthquake and probability that it will <span class="hlt">rupture</span> to the surface, (2) the rate of all potential earthquakes on the fault (3) the distance of the site along and from the mapped fault, (4) the complexity of the fault and quality of the fault mapping, (5) the size of the structure that will be placed at the site, and (6) the potential and size of displacements along or near the fault. Probabilistic fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> hazard analysis should be an important consideration in design of structures or lifelines that are located within about 50m of well-mapped active faults.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11828558"><span id="translatedtitle">Gastric <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a diver due to rapid ascent.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Petri, Nadan M; Vranjkovi?-Petri, Lena; Aras, Nebojsa; Druzijani?, Nikica</p> <p>2002-02-01</p> <p>A 37-year-old, experienced female diver developed gastric <span class="hlt">rupture</span> due to rapid ascent from a depth of 37 meters. The incident was preceded by a heavy meal, intake of soda beverages, swallowing of air and water under water, and panic. Sharp abdominal pain was present immediately after surfacing and afterwards. Full abdominal distension developed within two hours after the ascent. No other diving-related pathology was found. Surgery was performed around three hours after the accident and revealed pneumoperitoneum, gastric <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, gastric content in the abdomen cavity, and signs of acute peritonitis. On surgery, a 4-cm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the lesser curvature was found and sutured. The patient was discharged eight days after the event. PMID:11828558</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2229970"><span id="translatedtitle">Flexor tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> secondary to hamate hook fractures.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Milek, M A; Boulas, H J</p> <p>1990-09-01</p> <p>Four patients with flexor tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> secondary to hook of the hamate fracture are described. None of the patients had the diagnosis of fracture made before tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. All patients were treated with excision of the fractured hook and tendon repair. The tendon repair was usually an end-to-side (Y junction) of the profundus of the small to the profundus of the ring finger. After operation, all patients were free of pain and returned to their preinjury activity levels, but most had some limitation of motion in the digit with the tendon repair. The complication of tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> not uncommonly follows basilar hook of the hamate fractures. Treatment by excision of the fracture and end-to-side tendon repair produces satisfactory results. Range of motion after tendon repair seems to depend more on the patient's age and the amount of inflammation at the site of repair rather than on the method of tendon repair. PMID:2229970</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2589064"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in infectious mononucleosis: a review.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Asgari, M. M.; Begos, D. G.</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>Spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the spleen is a rare complication of infectious mononucleosis (IM) occurring in 0.1-0.5 percent of patients with proven IM [1]. Although splenectomy has been advocated as the definitive therapy in the past, numerous recent reports have documented favorable outcomes with non-operative management. A review of the literature suggests that non-operative management can be successful if appropriate criteria, such as hemodynamic stability and transfusion requirements are applied in patient selection. We report the case of a 36 year old man with infectious mononucleosis who had a spontaneous splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and who was successfully managed by splenectomy. Based on review of the literature, an approach to management of a spontaneously <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> spleen secondary to IM is suggested. PMID:9493849</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=USGSPUBS&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70026874"><span id="translatedtitle">Surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the 2002 Denali fault, Alaska, earthquake and comparison with other strike-slip <span class="hlt">ruptures</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Haeussler, P.J.; Schwartz, D.P.; Dawson, T.E.; Stenner, H.D.; Lienkaemper, J.J.; Cinti, F.; Montone, P.; Sherrod, B.; Craw, P.</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>On 3 November 2002, an M7.9 earthquake produced 340 km of surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on the Denali and two related faults in Alaska. The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> proceeded from west to east and began with a 40-km-long break on a previously unknown thrust fault. Estimates of surface slip on this thrust are 3-6 m. Next came the principal surface break along ???218 km of the Denali fault. Right-lateral offsets averaged around 5 m and increased eastward to a maximum of nearly 9 m. The fault also <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> beneath the trans-Alaska oil pipeline, which withstood almost 6 m of lateral offset. Finally, slip turned southeastward onto the Totschunda fault. Right-lateral offsets are up to 3 m, and the surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is about 76 km long. This three-part <span class="hlt">rupture</span> ranks among the longest strike-slip events of the past two centuries. The earthquake is typical when compared to other large earthquakes on major intracontinental strike-slip faults. ?? 2004, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4310132"><span id="translatedtitle">Rapid aneurysm growth and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in systemic lupus erythematosus</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Graffeo, Christopher S.; Tanweer, Omar; Nieves, Cesar Fors; Belmont, H. Michael; Izmirly, Peter M.; Becske, Tibor; Huang, Paul P.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Background: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to intracranial aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a major neurosurgical emergency associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Rapid aneurysm growth is associated with <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-system autoimmune disorder whose complications can include cerebral vasculitis and vasculopathy. Intracranial aneurysms are not known to occur more frequently in SLE patients than the general population; however, aneurysm growth rates have not been studied in SLE. Case Description: We present a 43-year-old female with SLE on prednisone, hydroxychloroquine, and azathioprine with moderate disease activity who presented with severe, acute-onset headache and was found to have Hunt and Hess grade II SAH due to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an 8 mm saccular anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm. The patient developed severe vasospasm, re-<span class="hlt">ruptured</span>, and was taken for angiography and embolization, which was challenging due to a high degree of vasospasm and arterial stenosis. Review of imaging from less than 2 years prior demonstrated a normal ACoA complex without evidence of an aneurysm. Conclusion: We review the literature and discuss the risk factors and pathophysiology of rapid aneurysm growth and <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, as well as the pathologic vascular changes associated with SLE. Although SLE patients do not develop intracranial aneurysm at an increased rate, these changes may predispose them to higher incidence of growth and <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. This possibility-coupled with increased morbidity and mortality of SAH in SLE-suggests that SAH should be considered in SLE patients presenting with headache, and advocates for more aggressive treatment of SLE patients with unruptured aneurysms. PMID:25657862</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFM.S54C..06S"><span id="translatedtitle">3D Simulations of Dynamic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> on Rough Faults</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Shi, Z.; Day, S. M.</p> <p>2011-12-01</p> <p>Natural faults during their evolution stages manifest varying degrees of geometric complexities over a broad range of scales spanning from larger-scale features such as branching and segmentation to smaller-scale features such as topographic variations on the slip surface. At a microscopic scale, surface roughness affects the frictional properties through its role in the distribution and evolution of contact areas of the sliding surface. At a larger scale, the geometric irregularities of the fault affects the inter-seismic and post-seismic static stress distribution that is responsible for earthquake nucleation. Our study, however, focuses on the fundamental role that surface roughness plays in the dynamic processes of earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation and resultant ground motion using numerical simulations of 3D dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. As have been shown in several previous 2D numerical studies, dynamic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> propagating along rough fault surface can excite high-frequency radiation as they accelerate and decelerate from interaction with geometric irregularities. Also perturbation of local dynamic stress due to roughness contributes to the heterogeneous distributions of slip rate and slip over the entire fault. With the goal of producing more realistic physics-based dynamic ground motion, we perform 3D numerical simulations of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> along faults with self-similar roughness distribution of wavelength scales spanning three orders of magnitude (10^2 -10^5 m). We examine the influence of fault roughness characteristics (shortest wavelength and amplitude-to-wavelength ratio) on the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior, the resultant ground motion pattern and the final slip pattern. The fault is governed by a rate-and-state friction with strongly velocity-weakening feature and the inelastic yielding of off-fault bulk material is subject to Drucker-Prager viscoplasticity. Initial investigations clearly indicate that the amount of high-frequency radiation generated and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> properties are heavily influenced by the roughness properties. Detailed analyses of our simulation results will be presented at the conference.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li class="active"><span>15</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_15 --> <div id="page_16" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li class="active"><span>16</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="301"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AGUFM.S51D1765X"><span id="translatedtitle">Interaction Between Dynamic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> And Off-fault Brittle Damage</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Xu, S.; Ampuero, J.; Ben-Zion, Y.; Lyakhovsky, V.</p> <p>2008-12-01</p> <p>The high stress concentration at the front of a dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is expected to produce rock damage (reduction of elastic moduli) in the material surrounding the main fault plane. Off-fault yielding and energy absorption in the damage process should reduce the amplitude of the ground motion. However, the reduced elastic moduli in the damaged zone can amplify locally the motion and create a waveguide that may allow the motion to propagate with little geometric attenuation. In addition, the asymmetric damage generated in the in- plane <span class="hlt">rupture</span> mode may produce bimaterial interfaces that can reduce the frictional dissipation and increase the radiation efficiency. Previous studies incorporated plastic yielding in simulations of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (Andrews, 1975, 2005; Ben- Zion and Shi, 2005; Templeton et al., 2008) while keeping the elastic moduli unchanged. In this work we examine the dynamics of <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> and generated motion in a model consisting of a frictional fault in a medium governed by a continuum damage rheology that accounts for the evolution of elastic moduli (e.g. Lyakhovsky and Ben-Zion, 2008). We perform numerical simulations based on the Spectral Element Method to study how the parameters of the friction law, damage rheology and background stress control the rate of growth of the off-fault damage zone, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed, the energy partition to various components, and the maximum slip rate and ground motion. We compare the peak motion generated with our damage model to results of analogous simulations using Coulomb plastic yielding. Off-fault damage is of special importance for <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> along faults that separate rocks of different elastic properties, because they can generate asymmetric patterns of material degradation that might be observable in the field. We plan to perform simulations involving velocity-weakening friction and off-fault damage associated with pre-existing bimaterial faults.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3070915"><span id="translatedtitle">Association of Hemodynamic Characteristics and Cerebral Aneurysm <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Cebral, Juan R.; Mut, Fernando; Weir, Jane; Putman, Christopher M.</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Background and purpose Hemodynamic factors are thought to play an important role in the initiation, growth and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of cerebral aneurysms. This report describes a study of the associations between qualitative intra-aneurysmal hemodynamics and the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of cerebral aneurysms. Methods 210 consecutive aneurysms were analyzed using patient-specific CFD simulations under pulsatile flow conditions. The aneurysms were classified into categories depending on the complexity and stability of the flow pattern, size of the impingement region, and inflow concentration by two blinded observers. A statistical analysis was then performed with respect to history of previous <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Inter-observer variability analysis was performed. Results <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> aneurysms were more likely to have complex flow patterns (83%, p<0.001), stable flow patterns (75%, p=0.0018), 66% concentrated inflow (66%, p=<0.0001), and small impingement regions (76%, p=0.0006) compared to unruptured aneurysms. Inter-observer variability analyses indicate that all the classifications performed are in very good agreement, i.e. well within the 95% confidence interval. Conclusions A qualitative hemodynamic analysis of cerebral aneurysms using image based patient-specific geometries has shown that concentrated inflow jets, small impingement regions, complex flow patterns, and unstable flow patterns are correlated with a clinical history of prior aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. These qualitative measures provide a starting point for more sophisticated quantitative analysis aimed at assigning aneurysm risk of future <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. These analyses highlight the potential for CFD to play an important role in the clinical determination of aneurysm risks. PMID:21051508</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002EGSGA..27..619A"><span id="translatedtitle">Hybrid Simulation of Dynamic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> and Seismic Wave Propagation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Aochi, H.; Olsen, K. B.; Fukuyama, E.; Madariaga, R.</p> <p></p> <p>We have developed a hybrid method for flexible and efficient modeling of the entire earthquake process, from dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation to the radiation in a hetero- geneous three-dimensional medium. The dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation is computed using the boundary integral equation method (BIEM), and the wave propagation out- side the fault is carried out by a fourth-order finite-difference method (FDM). Thus, our method combines the flexibility of the BIEM to compute spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation on non-planar or multi-segmented fault geometries using a wide range of friction laws with the efficiency of the FDM to compute wave propagation in arbitrar- ily heterogeneous crustal models. The method has several important applications. The effects of fault segmentation and curvature on dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation and its dynamic radiation can be analyzed in detail. The presence of any significant signature in ground motion patterns from dynamic effects for <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation on non-planar fault geometries can be used to develop guidelines to improve future kinematic (prescribed) simulations. In addition, the statistics of recurrent <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> on multiple, arbitrarily-shaped fault systems can be computed and used to increase our knowledge of earthquake occurrence. Here, we present details of the implementation of the hybrid method and the interface between the BIEM and FDM. We also show preliminary results for hybrid simulations of the 1992 M7.3 Landers, California, and the 1999 M7.4 Izmit, Turkey, earthquakes. Both earthquakes were associated with complex fault geometry on vertical fault sys- tem in the simulations. For the two events, we compute the ground motion for different fault geometry models and compare synthetic seismograms to strong motion data.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4462307"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a patient with congenital afibrinogenemia</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Arcagök, Baran Cengiz; Özdemir, Nihal; Tekin, Ay?e; Özcan, Rah?an; Eliçevik, Mehmet; ?enyüz, Osman Faruk; Çam, Halit; Celkan, Tiraje</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Afibrinogenemia is a rare bleeding disorder which is observed with an incidence of 1:1 000 000. It is an autosomal recessive disease and occurs as a result of mutation in one of the three genes which code the three polypeptide chains of fibrinogen. Basic clinical findings include spontaneous bleeding, bleeding after minor trauma or due to surgery. Splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in afibrinogenemia has been reported only in 6 cases so far. In this article, we present a 15-year old congenital afibrinogenemia patient with spontaneous splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25086901"><span id="translatedtitle">Prepatellar continuation <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: Report of an unusual case.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Majeed, Haroon; dos Remedios, Ian; Datta, Praveen; Griffiths, David</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>In anatomical studies the deepest soft tissue layer, related to the deep rectus femoris tendinous fibers, has been described as the "prepatellar quadriceps continuation". We present an unusual case of an isolated prepatellar continuation <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, which to our knowledge is the first described case in the literature. Injuries to the extensor mechanism may include isolated <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the prepatellar continuation with intact quadriceps and patellar tendons. Diagnosis may be difficult with ultrasound scan and requires MRI scan for confirmation. Appropriate clinical assessment and regular physiotherapy lead to a full functional recovery. PMID:25086901</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25245048"><span id="translatedtitle">Diagnosis and management of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> popliteal mycotic pseudoaneurysm.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Dua, Anahita; Kuy, SreyRam; Desai, Sapan S; Kumar, Naveen; Heller, Jennifer; Lee, Cheong J</p> <p>2014-09-22</p> <p>Infected popliteal aneurysms are a rare but high-risk pathology that may present as a surgical emergency with acute <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and sepsis. Management of acute ischemia in the presence of systemic sepsis is challenging and requires timely diagnosis, rapid intervention, and multidisciplinary communication to ensure an optimum outcome for both life and limb in these patients. We report on a case of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> mycotic popliteal artery aneurysm as a consequence of septic embolization from infective endocarditis managed by reverse saphenous vein bypass. The clinical presentation, diagnostic process, and approach to management along with a literature review on mycotic popliteal aneurysm are presented in this case report. PMID:25245048</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4127872"><span id="translatedtitle">Renal allograft transplant recipient with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> hydatid native kidney</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Bhat, Riyaz Ahmad; Wani, Imtiyaz; Khan, Imran; Wani, Muzaffar</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Echinococcosis of the kidneys in a renal transplant recipient is extremely rare and its occurrence being related to immunosuppression is a possibility which needs further characterisation. <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> renal hydatid in a renal transplant recipient is not reported so far to our best knowledge. We present a 42-year-old renal allograft receipient who presented one year after transplant with left flank pain, palpable left lumbar mass and gross hydatiduria. Investigations revealed a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> native hydatid kidney. Patient was managed with a combination of chemotherapy and left native nephrectomy and discharged in a satisfactory condition. PMID:25125908</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3965915"><span id="translatedtitle">Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> and Entrapment</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Jahollari, Artan; Sarac, Atilla; Ozal, Ertugrul</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Intra-aortic balloon pump is used frequently to support a failing myocardium in cardiac patients. Due to the invasive nature of this device, usage is accompanied by consistent risk of complications. Balloon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, although it occurs rarely, may lead to entrapment if diagnosis delays. A 78-year male who underwent cardiac surgery experienced balloon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and entrapment in the right femoral artery during the postoperative follow-up. Surgical extraction under local anesthesia was performed and the patient had an uneventful course. Fast and gentle solution of the problem is necessary to prevent further morbidity or mortality related to a retained balloon catheter in these delicate patients. PMID:24707435</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004AGUFM.S41A0949I"><span id="translatedtitle">Multi-scale dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulation on fractal patch model</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Ide, S.; Aochi, H.</p> <p>2004-12-01</p> <p>We carried out multi-scale full-dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulations, using our new calculation scheme (Aochi and Ide, GRL, 2004) and a fractal patch model as an approximation of realistic heterogeneity. A basic assumption of this model is that a local slip weakening distance (or fracture energy) at a point is proportional to the size of the minimum asperity which includes that point. Since typical topography of fault surface obeys self-affine fractal statistics, we assumed that the asperity distribution is also represented by a power law. For simplicity we prepared seven different sizes of circular patches as discretized representation of asperities. When the patch radius increases by two, the number of patches decreases by four, where the fractal dimension is 2. The whole model space is a fault plane of 4096x4096 square grids, on which the circular patches are distributed randomly. This space is represented by four 64x64 subspaces on different scales and each subspace is connected to the subspaces on the larger and/or smaller scales by renormalization. The assumed values of initial, yield, and residual stresses are homogeneous across the fault plane. We begin each dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulation with breaking one of the patches of the minimum level. In most cases, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> stops immediately after the initiation. Sometimes, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> coalesces with adjacent patches, propagates into a patch of next level. Frequency-size distribution of these events is approximated by a power law, which is explained by the probability of interaction between asperities. The probability of triggering of dense patch distribution is high and resultant slope of the power law is less steep. Whole <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is spontaneous based on exact elasto-dynamics and slip-weakening law except for the nucleation in the minimum level. Thus we observed very heterogeneous process during the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> directivity, <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front shape, slip distribution, and moment release functions. Some moment rate functions increase irregularly, which resemble to so-called initial phases observed in real seismic waves. We cannot distinguish small and large events from the initial rise of moment rate functions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=USGSPUBS&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr20071437"><span id="translatedtitle">The Uniform California Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Forecast, Version 2 (UCERF 2)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>2007 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>California?s 35 million people live among some of the most active earthquake faults in the United States. Public safety demands credible assessments of the earthquake hazard to maintain appropriate building codes for safe construction and earthquake insurance for loss protection. Seismic hazard analysis begins with an earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> forecast?a model of probabilities that earthquakes of specified magnitudes, locations, and faulting types will occur during a specified time interval. This report describes a new earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> forecast for California developed by the 2007 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities (WGCEP 2007).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFM.S31G..01T"><span id="translatedtitle">Rapid Mapping of Surface <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> from the South Napa Earthquake</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Trexler, C. C.; Morelan, A. E., III; Oskin, M. E.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>Rapid documentation (<1 day) of co-seismic surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> location and slip is essential for scientific and emergency response. We demonstrate how social media (text messaging and Twitter) and the emerging 3D data collection technique known as Structure from Motion (SfM), used in conjunction with traditional field reconnaissance, enabled us to rapidly locate and document surface <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> from the Mw 6.0 South Napa earthquake. On the morning of the event, our field team used information available on social media to identify locations with potential surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Preliminary observations of surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (measurements and geo-tagged photographs) were texted to the office-based team member who created digital maps of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> trace and shared them online via Twitter in near-real time. We documented many ephemeral features (such as offset roads, curbs, and driveways) along the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> trace within 12 hours of the event, before these features were destroyed by road and infrastructure repair. We were able to return to most sites again within several days, allowing us to document continuing slip and create time-series datasets of offset features. After the collection and re-collection of data at selected sites, we made detailed measurements remotely using 3D models constructed with SfM. The ability to quantitatively project features into the fault plane using these models allows for accurate measurements of small features often difficult to observe and quantify in the field. Traditionally, even preliminary maps of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> extent and offset magnitudes are not available for several days after an event because office-based processing and compilation is required. Because we were able to compile our data in real time, we distributed our results while they were still valuable for ongoing scientific response. Our work helped other science teams efficiently target fieldwork and instrument deployment; for example, one geodetic survey team used our surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> map to adjust their field deployment plans in an effort to capture rapidly-decaying postseismic movement. With social media and rapid, inexpensive data collection methods like SfM in mind, scientific response to future events has the potential to be more efficient and coordinated than ever before.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004ApSS..238...47A"><span id="translatedtitle">Force spectroscopy of covalent bond <span class="hlt">rupture</span> versus protein extraction</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Afrin, Rehana; Okazaki, Susumu; Ikai, Atsushi</p> <p>2004-11-01</p> <p>Development of protein extraction and identification methods from a live cell surface using minimally invasive technology has an important implication as a possible tool to study time-dependent changes of the distribution of intrinsic membrane proteins in specific locals on the cell membrane. We have approached to this problem using an atomic force microscope mounted with a chemically modified probe with amino reactive covalent crosslinkers against amino groups on the membrane proteins. We discuss the probability of protein extraction versus covalent bond <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the experimentally observed <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force in protein extraction. Possibility of protein unfolding by mechanical stretching during extraction from the cell surface is discussed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3118014"><span id="translatedtitle">Splenic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span>: A Case of Massive Hemoperitoneum Following Therapeutic Colonoscopy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Takekawa, Sarah; Furumoto, Nancy</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Colonoscopies are usually regarded as safe procedures with low complication rates and are recommended for anyone over the age of fifty for colon cancer screening. Splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare complication of colonoscopy with few reported cases in the English literature. We present the only reported case of such a complication in the state of Hawai‘i and the 44th reported case in the English literature. Physicians need to be more aware of the possibility of splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> following colonoscopy to avoid delay of diagnosis and treatment of this life-threatening complication. PMID:20535686</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015GeoRL..42.2164E"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> termination at restraining bends: The last great earthquake on the Altyn Tagh Fault</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Elliott, Austin J.; Oskin, Michael E.; Liu-Zeng, Jing; Shao, Yanxiu</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>Strike-slip <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation falters where changes in fault strike increase Coulomb failure stress. Numerical models of this phenomenon offer predictions of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> extent based on bend geometry, but have not been verified with field data. To test model predictions of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> barriers, we examine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> extent along a section of the sinistral Altyn Tagh Fault punctuated by three major double bends. We measure 3-8 m offsets and map >95 km of continuous scarps that define the most recent surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. We document the eastern terminus of this <span class="hlt">rupture</span> within the Aksay bend, where an undeformed Pleistocene alluvial fan we mapped and dated overlaps the fault. We conclude, based on this geomorphologic evidence, that multiple Holocene <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> have stopped in the Aksay bend. Our field data validate model predictions of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> termination at a >18° restraining bend and support use of geometric parameters to define expected earthquake sizes in seismic hazard models.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29505602"><span id="translatedtitle">Insidious bilateral infrapatellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>L M Cooney; J M Aversa; J H Newman</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>A patient with systemic lupus erythematosus developed insidious bilateral infrapatellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> initially diagnosed as steroid myopathy. Simultaneous loss of extension at the knee due to quadriceps or infrapatellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> is reviewed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1000628"><span id="translatedtitle">Insidious bilateral infrapatellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Cooney, L M; Aversa, J M; Newman, J H</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>A patient with systemic lupus erythematosus developed insidious bilateral infrapatellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> initially diagnosed as steroid myopathy. Simultaneous loss of extension at the knee due to quadriceps or infrapatellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> is reviewed. Images PMID:7458438</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32397033"><span id="translatedtitle">Multi-slice computed tomography with N1177 identifies <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> atherosclerotic plaques in rabbits</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Jozef Leo Van Herck; Guido R. Y. De Meyer; Wim Martinet; Rodrigo A. Salgado; Bharati Shivalkar; Roel De Mondt; Helene Van De Ven; Annick Ludwig; Pieter Van Der Veken; Luc Van Vaeck; Hidde Bult; Arnold G. Herman; Christiaan J. Vrints</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Rupture</span>-prone and <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> plaques are characterized by the presence of large numbers of macrophages. N1177 is a contrast\\u000a agent consisting of iodinated nanoparticles that are selectively phagocytosed by macrophages. The aim of this study was to\\u000a investigate the effect of N1177 on the CT attenuation of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>-prone and <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> plaques in rabbits. In addition, we examined\\u000a in vitro whether uptake</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/22494920"><span id="translatedtitle">Differential scanning calorimetric examination of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> lower limb tendons in human</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>N. Wiegand; L. Vámhidy; D. L?rinczy</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>The tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are serious injuries of the lover limb in middle age and physically active population. While the Achilles\\u000a tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is common, the patellar ligament and quadriceps ligament <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are an absolutely rare injury. Usually there\\u000a is no correlation between the velocity of the trauma and the supervening of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The aetiology of the degenerative\\u000a changes in</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFM.T11B4563B"><span id="translatedtitle">Improved Data Set for the Frequency of Gaps and Steps in Ground <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Biasi, G. P.; Wesnousky, S. G.; Morelan, A. E., III</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>Observations of actual ground <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> from moderate and large earthquakes show a wide range of behaviors, including fault-to-fault jumps, branching topologies, and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> traces with multi-kilometer gaps between them. Seismic hazard assessments have responded to these observations by including increasingly sophisticated scenarios of possible <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in their earthquake rate forecasts. The largest of these to date has been the Uniform California Earthquake Forecast 3 (UCERF3), which explicitly included <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> with fault-to-fault jumps in its <span class="hlt">rupture</span> rate estimates. High-level site-specific seismic source characterizations such as for the Diablo Canyon Power Plant have also begun including complicated <span class="hlt">rupture</span> geometries. Systematic collection of observations from ground <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> earthquakes provide one way to evaluate these seismic source models. We have expanded an initial collection by Wesnousky (2008) with events post-dating that collection and events for which new information is available. New events increase the strike-slip and normal event set by 50% and reverse events by 35%. New data allow us to revise previous estimates for strike-slip <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the probability that a step of 1 km or more in width will arrest <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Observationally, 65% of strike-slip <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> include at least one step of 1 km or greater. The number of steps through which <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are observed to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> through can be modeled by a geometric distribution in which steps are crossed about 59% of the time. Steps are slightly more effective at arresting <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in normal and reverse faulting cases, being crossed 56% and 50%, respectively. New events were also systematically examined for gaps in the mapped <span class="hlt">rupture</span> trace. We find gaps of 1 km or more in about half of the <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the new event set. These empirical data will compliment new research into <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation across gaps, exemplified by the 2010 El Mayor Cucapah earthquake, which included a gap measured variously at 7 or 15 km in length.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/33951848"><span id="translatedtitle">Chronic Achilles tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> reconstruction using a modified flexor hallucis longus transfer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Julien Wegrzyn; Jean-François Luciani; Rémi Philippot; Elisabeth Brunet-Guedj; Bernard Moyen; Jean-Luc Besse</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this study was to report the management and outcome of 11 patients presenting with chronic Achilles tendon\\u000a (AT) <span class="hlt">rupture</span> treated by a modified flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer. Seven patients presented with a neglected AT <span class="hlt">rupture</span>,\\u000a one with a chronic AT <span class="hlt">rupture</span> associated with Achilles tendinosis and three with an AT re-<span class="hlt">rupture</span>. AT defect after fibrosis\\u000a debridement</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li class="active"><span>16</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_16 --> <div id="page_17" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li class="active"><span>17</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="321"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/55/70/04/PDF/2007.22.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> et asymtrie de la transmission des prix agricoles internationaux</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Paris-Sud XI, Université de</p> <p></p> <p><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> et asymétrie de la transmission des prix agricoles internationaux Julie Subervie octobre de prix mondiaux aux producteurs. Les mécanismes d'intervention sur les prix peuvent en eet conduire à un aai- blissement de la transmission des variations de prix mondiaux aux producteurs, mais</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2495524"><span id="translatedtitle">Retroperitoneal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the duodenum due to blunt trauma</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Strachan, J. C. M.</p> <p>1974-01-01</p> <p>The subject is reviewed and a further case of retroperitoneal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the second part of the duodenum due to blunt abdominal trauma in a child is reported. The equivocal initial clinical signs and characteristic X-rays are described. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/14332833"><span id="translatedtitle">FUNCTIONAL RESULTS AFTER SURGICAL REPAIR OF QUADRICEPS TENDON <span class="hlt">RUPTURE</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>T. DE BAERE; B. GEULETTE; L. BARRAS</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>We present the long-term results of surgical repair of a traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon in a group of 24 patients with a mean age of 58 years. There were 21 male and 3 female patients. Fifteen patients were seen for clinical control after a mean follow-up of 75 months and they all presented with some quadriceps muscle atrophy.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.brl.uiuc.edu/Publications/2005/Ammi-USProc-846-2005.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Double Passive Cavitation Detection of OptisonTM Shell <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of</p> <p></p> <p>Double Passive Cavitation Detection of OptisonTM Shell <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Azzdine Y. Ammi1 , Robin O). The experimental setup is based on a passive cavitation detection system described in previous work. However by ultrasonic capsule destruction [3,4]. In previous work using a passive cavitation detection (PCD) system [5</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20373929"><span id="translatedtitle">Quality of care for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> uterus in Sagamu, Nigeria.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Oladapo, O T; Durojaiye, B O</p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>A retrospective study was conducted at a Nigerian tertiary hospital to assess the quality of emergency care provided to women managed for a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> uterus over an 11-year period. There were 76 cases of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> uterus and 4,770 deliveries (1.6%) during the period. Ten women died from a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> uterus, giving a case fatality rate of 13.2%. The mean admission-assessment interval by a senior clinician was 48.4 min. The mean decision-laparotomy interval was 6.9 h. Deviations from management protocol were noted in 66 women (86.8%) and underlying reasons were classified as patient-orientated (59.2%), medical personnel (13.2%) and administrative (22.4%) problems. Among women who died, there were more administrative problems, intraoperative and total blood losses were significantly more and preoperative haematocrit was significantly less compared with survivors. The poor quality of care for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> uterus in this centre is attributable to patients' financial limitations, which is compounded by administrative problems, particularly those regarding inefficient blood transfusion services. This study demonstrates the urgent need for implementation of a national health insurance scheme at this centre and reiterates the feasibility of employing detailed enquiry of peripartal circumstances to identify specific problems underlying major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. PMID:20373929</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23947891"><span id="translatedtitle">Anthrax toxin-induced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of artificial lipid bilayer membranes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Nablo, Brian J; Panchal, Rekha G; Bavari, Sina; Nguyen, Tam L; Gussio, Rick; Ribot, Wil; Friedlander, Art; Chabot, Donald; Reiner, Joseph E; Robertson, Joseph W F; Balijepalli, Arvind; Halverson, Kelly M; Kasianowicz, John J</p> <p>2013-08-14</p> <p>We demonstrate experimentally that anthrax toxin complexes <span class="hlt">rupture</span> artificial lipid bilayer membranes when isolated from the blood of infected animals. When the solution pH is temporally acidified to mimic that process in endosomes, recombinant anthrax toxin forms an irreversibly bound complex, which also destabilizes membranes. The results suggest an alternative mechanism for the translocation of anthrax toxin into the cytoplasm. PMID:23947891</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3751978"><span id="translatedtitle">Anthrax toxin-induced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of artificial lipid bilayer membranes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Nablo, Brian J.; Panchal, Rekha G.; Bavari, Sina; Nguyen, Tam L.; Gussio, Rick; Ribot, Wil; Friedlander, Art; Chabot, Donald; Reiner, Joseph E.; Robertson, Joseph W. F.; Balijepalli, Arvind; Halverson, Kelly M.; Kasianowicz, John J.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>We demonstrate experimentally that anthrax toxin complexes <span class="hlt">rupture</span> artificial lipid bilayer membranes when isolated from the blood of infected animals. When the solution pH is temporally acidified to mimic that process in endosomes, recombinant anthrax toxin forms an irreversibly bound complex, which also destabilizes membranes. The results suggest an alternative mechanism for the translocation of anthrax toxin into the cytoplasm. PMID:23947891</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25368704"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous postpartum <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an intact uterus: a case report.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Mavromatidis, George; Karavas, George; Margioula-Siarkou, Chrysoula; Petousis, Stamatios; Kalogiannidis, Ioannis; Mamopoulos, Apostolos; Rousso, David</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of uterus is an obstetrical complication characterized by a breach in the uterine wall and the overlying serosa. We report an unusual case of spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an unscarred uterus in a 33-year-old woman, a day after her third successful vaginal delivery. A 33-year-old pregnant woman, gravid 3, para 3, was referred to our department at 39 gestational week because of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes. Despite tocolysis administration, her pregnancy was delivered vaginally after 2 days, giving birth to a male neonate of 3,020 g with normal Apgar scores at first and fifth minute. Her uterus was intact and gynecological examination after delivery was normal without any potential signs or symptoms of pathology. However, the day following her labor, patient complained of left iliac fossa pain. Her blood tests revealed a CRP value at 27.6 mg/L, whereas the X-rays revealed an extensive impacted fecal mass in the colon. MRI revealed that the left lower myometrial part of the uterus was depicted abrupt, with simultaneous presence of hemorrhagic stuff. The decision of laparotomy was therefore made in order to further evaluate <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of uterus and properly treat patient. And subtotal hysterectomy was performed. Postoperative follow-up period was not characterized by any complications and patient was finally discharged 4 days after hysterectomy. PMID:25368704</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www-civ.eng.cam.ac.uk/cjb/papers/cp80.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">ACCELERATED TECHNIQUE TO PREDICT STRESS-<span class="hlt">RUPTURE</span> BEHAVIOUR OF ARAMID</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Burgoyne, Chris</p> <p></p> <p>ACCELERATED TECHNIQUE TO PREDICT STRESS-<span class="hlt">RUPTURE</span> BEHAVIOUR OF ARAMID FIBRES Ioannis P. Giannopoulos PhD student, Dept of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK Chris J. Burgoyne Reader in Concrete Structures, Dept of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK Keywords: Stepped Isothermal Method, Stress</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://rses.anu.edu.au/~nick/teachdoc/papers/Lomax_Michelini_2009.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Tsunami early warning using earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> duration Anthony Lomax1</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Rawlinson, Nick</p> <p></p> <p>Tsunami early warning using earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> duration Anthony Lomax1 and Alberto Michelini2] Effective tsunami early warning for coastlines near a tsunamigenic earthquake requires notification within 5, greater than about 50 s. Here we show that T0 gives more information on tsunami importance than moment</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48906082"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> dynamics with energy loss outside the slip zone</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>D. J. Andrews</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>Energy loss in a fault damage zone, outside the slip zone, contributes to the fracture energy that determines <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity of an earthquake. A nonelastic two-dimensional dynamic calculation is done in which the slip zone is modeled as a fault plane and material off the fault is subject to a Coulomb yield condition. In a mode 2 crack-like solution in</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55022822"><span id="translatedtitle">Dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a fault kink in antiplane model</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>M. Adda-Bedia; R. Madariaga</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>We study the propagation, seismic radiation and energy balance of a two-dimensional antiplane crack that propagates at a constant sub-shear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity when it encounters a geometric discontinuity on the fault. We solve exactly the case of a kink of arbitrary angle as well as that of a finite unbreakable barrier that serves as a model. The solution obtained by</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14959750"><span id="translatedtitle">[Proximal and distal <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the biceps brachii tendon].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Klonz, A; Loitz, D; Reilmann, H</p> <p>2003-09-01</p> <p>Proximal <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> of the long head of the M. biceps humeri are commonly caused by degenerative changes within the tendon. Non-operative treatment gives good results, the loss of power regarding elbow flexion and supination amounts to only 8-21%. Refixation may be indicated for cosmetic reasons and offers a small but evident improvement of flexion and supination power. Deformity of the slipped muscle can be corrected effectively. Residual complaints after conservative treatment often result from associated subacromial problems. Distal <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> of the distal tendon should be treated operatively. The loss of power after conservative treatment is evident (30-40% for flexion, >50% for supination). Extra-anatomical tenodesis to the brachialis muscle or anatomical fixation to the radial tuberosity can be applied. Flexion power and cosmesis can be addressed by both techniques. If supination strength is to be restored, the tendon has to be fixed anatomically. Preparation of the tuberosity bears the risk of heterotopic ossification or nerve damage. Mini-open techniques, using only a limited anterior approach, may decrease risks. PMID:14959750</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/t356627370m1655p.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Neonatal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the bladder secondary to posterior urethral valves</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>L. Johanson</p> <p>1982-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of the neonatal urinary bladder during pregnancy or delivery is an extremely rare event, in some patients seondary to posterior urethral valves. In a recent case early diagnosis facilitated prompt surgical repair. A temporary bladder fistula secured survival and micturition cystourethrography establishment of the valves, which were successfully resected at two weeks of age.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.agu.org/journals/jb/v103/iB12/98JB02302/98JB02302.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Poroelastic rebound along the Landers 1992 earthquake surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Gilles Peltzer; Paul Rosen; Francois Rogez; K. Hudnut</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>Maps of surface displacement following the 1992 Landers, California, earthquake, generated by interferometric processing of ERS-1 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images, reveal effects of various postseismic deformation processes along the 1992 surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The large-scale pattern of the postseismic displacement field includes large lobes, mostly visible on the west side of the fault, comparable in shape with the lobes observed</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFM.S13D4479L"><span id="translatedtitle">A Reliable Way to Track <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Process of Earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Liu, Z.; Ge, Z.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>Compressive sensing (CS) is an algorithm which could find the solution to a sparse linear problem, which is physically consist with inversion problem of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process. Because relative to the whole fault plane, the seismic power radiation area is sparse in a specific moment during a great earthquake. CS method is used to invert the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process from teleseismic P wave data recorded by multiple seismic arrays with different azimuths and epicentral distances. Synthetic tests illustrate that, our method can suppress the artifacts caused by interference phases ( eg. PcP ) thus we can obtain a more reliable result than using the data from a single array. Moreover, the "swimming effect" in traditional back-projection method can be reduced due to the better azimuth coverage. Then the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process of the Mw7.9 earthquake in the Aleutian Islands, occurred at June 23, 2014 20:53 UTC is inverted. The results show that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is along the subduction zone, which can be used to locate the primary fault plane combined with central moment tensor. In addition, where the released power concentrates in the earthquake is also given, which could help us determine which area is effected by the earthquake most heavily, thus the rescue operation can be effective. In conclusion, different from traditional beamforming method, CS can offer a high-resolution solution.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/38329744"><span id="translatedtitle">Cognitive impairments after surgical repair of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> and unruptured aneurysms</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Argye E Hillis; Nancy Anderson; Prakesh Sampath; Daniele Rigamonti</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>OBJECTIVESTo determine the frequency and severity of neuropsychological impairments associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, and associated with repair of intracerebral aneurysms.METHODSTwo groups of patients who underwent repair of intracerebral aneurysms were studied: patients with unruptured aneurysms (n=20) and patients with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> aneurysms (n=27). All patients were administered a battery of standardised neuropsychological tests about 3 months after surgery. A subset</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/x6607l1417608833.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> cystic mesenchymal hamartoma: An unusual cause of neonatal ascites</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>J. C. George; M. D. Cohen; R. D. Tarver; R. N. Rosales</p> <p>1994-01-01</p> <p>Cystic mesenchymal hamartoma is an uncommon benign liver neoplasm usually seen in infants with an asymptomatic abdominal mass [1]. We report a neonate who presented with a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cystic mesenchymal hamartoma which produced respiratory distress due to massive ascites. To our knowledge, this complication has never been reported.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29553805"><span id="translatedtitle">Early aortic valve cusp <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in relapsing polychondritis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>D A Marshall; R Jackson; A P Rae; H A Capell</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>Aortic regurgitation associated with relapsing polychondritis usually occurs late in the disease as a result of aortic root dilatation. A case where aortic regurgitation occurred early and was due to cusp <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with a normal aortic root is reported. The patient required urgent aortic valve replacement within six weeks of developing a murmur despite apparent control of inflammation with immunosuppressive</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10990565"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the left common iliac vein.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Gaschignard, N; Le Paul, Y; Maouni, T; Le Priol, P D</p> <p>2000-09-01</p> <p>We report a case of spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the left common iliac vein in a 58-year-old woman. Because of hemorrhagic shock, the intervention had to be performed under emergency circumstances, precluding repair of the external iliac vein, which was ligated. The postoperative course was uneventful. We also review the 17 prior cases found in the literature. PMID:10990565</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li class="active"><span>17</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_17 --> <div id="page_18" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li class="active"><span>18</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="341"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19870006230&hterms=earthquake+italy&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dearthquake%2Bitaly"><span id="translatedtitle">Mechanics of shear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> applied to earthquake zones</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Li, Victor C.</p> <p>1986-01-01</p> <p>The mechanics of shear slippage and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in rock masses are reviewed. The essential ideas in fracture mechanics are summarized emphasizing the interpretation and relation among the fracture parameters in shear cracks. The slip-weakening model is described. The general formulation of the problem of nonuniform slip distribution in a continuum is covered.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4296268"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous Endovascular Treatment of <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Cerebral Aneurysms and Vasospasm</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Cho, Young Dae; Ahn, Jun Hyong; Jung, Seung Chai; Kim, Chang Hun; Kang, Hyun-Seung; Kim, Jeong Eun; Lim, Jeong Wook</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Objective The management of patients with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cerebral aneurysms and severe vasospasm is subject to considerable controversy. We intended to describe herein an endovascular technique for the simultaneous treatment of aneurysms and vasospasm. Materials and Methods A series of 11 patients undergoing simultaneous endovascular treatment of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> aneurysms and vasospasm were reviewed. After placement of a guiding catheter within the proximal internal carotid artery for coil embolization, an infusion line of nimodipine was wired to one hub, and of a microcatheter was advanced through another hub (to select and deliver detachable coils). Nimodipine was then infused continuously during the coil embolization. Results This technique was applied to 11 <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> aneurysms accompanied by vasospasm (anterior communicating artery, 6 patients; internal carotid artery, 2 patients; posterior communicating and middle cerebral arteries, 1 patient each). Aneurysmal occlusion by coils and nimodipine-induced angioplasty were simultaneously achieved, resulting in excellent outcomes for all patients, and there were no procedure-related complications. Eight patients required repeated nimodipine infusions. Conclusion Our small series of patients suggests that the simultaneous endovascular management of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cerebral aneurysms and vasospasm is a viable approach in patients presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and severe vasospasm. PMID:25598688</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/1502.03623.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Force-induced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a DNA duplex</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Mosayebi, Majid; Doye, Jonathan P K; Ouldridge, Thomas E</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of double-stranded DNA under stress is a key process in biophysics and nanotechnology. In this article we consider the shear-induced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of short DNA duplexes, a system that has been given new importance by recently designed force sensors and nanotechnological devices. We argue that <span class="hlt">rupture</span> must be understood as an activated process, where the duplex state is metastable and the strands will separate in a finite time that depends on the duplex length and the force applied. Thus, the critical shearing force required to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> a duplex within a given experiment depends strongly on the time scale of observation. We use simple models of DNA to demonstrate that this approach naturally captures the experimentally observed dependence of the critical force on duplex length for a given observation time. In particular, the critical force is zero for the shortest duplexes, before rising sharply and then plateauing in the long length limit. The prevailing approach, based on identifying when the presence o...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28957594"><span id="translatedtitle">Repair of distal biceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in athletes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Donald F. DAlessandro; Clarence L. Shields; James E. Tibone; Robert W. Chandler</p> <p>1993-01-01</p> <p>Ten athletes with distal biceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> that had been anatomically repaired with a double-incision technique were reviewed to determine their functional recovery. All of the patients were men, with an average age of 40 years (range, 25 to 49). Eight of the 10 patients were weight lifters or body builders, and 7 had participated on a competitive level at</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/59314720"><span id="translatedtitle">Audit on the management of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> membranes at term</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>S Manjambigai; H Sawhney; R Nagrani</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>AimThe National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines advocate induction of labour (IOL) with Syntocinon infusion after 24 h of spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes (SROM) at term and avoidance of digital examination. Based on this guideline, we audited our practice of IOL and also audited the documentation of discussion with patients about duration and pain relief in labour</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23151757"><span id="translatedtitle">Uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during trial of labor: controversy of induction's methods.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ophir, Ella; Odeh, Marwan; Hirsch, Yael; Bornstein, Jacob</p> <p>2012-11-01</p> <p>The rate of attempted vaginal birth after cesarean has decreased during the past 15 years. Most of the change since the mid 1990s is the result of increasing reports of uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during trial of labor, with the highest rates related to labor induction. Not all induction agents have the same magnitude of increased risk of uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, and there have been only a small number of randomized controlled trials of labor induction in women with previous cesarean delivery. Evaluation of the evidence on specific methods of induction reveals that the lowest rate of uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> occurs with oxytocin at 1.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.9%-1.5%) then dinoprostone at 2% (95% CI, 1.1%-3.5%), and the highest rate is with misoprostol, 6% (95% CI, 0.74%-51.4%). We review the incidence of uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> during induction of labor after previous cesarean and examine the methods of induction and the safety of different techniques for cervical ripening, induction, and/or augmentation of labor in women with previous cesarean delivery. PMID:23151757</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2366171"><span id="translatedtitle">Delayed repair in Achilles tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. A case report.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Beckett, D E</p> <p>1990-05-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of the Achilles tendon is a significant injury. The management of this problem can be greatly complicated if there is a time delay between the injury and the patient seeking professional care. The author presents such a case and looks at the various philosophies relative to therapy. PMID:2366171</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6644869"><span id="translatedtitle">New finding in the radiographic diagnosis of Achilles tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Newmark, H.; Mellon, W.S. Jr.; Malhotra, A.K.; Olken, S.M.; Halls, J.</p> <p>1982-06-01</p> <p>The authors describe a new radiographic sign of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the Achilles tendon system. It is a fracture, with separation through an osteophyte at the insertion of this tendon. Previously reported signs are also discussed as well as the present case report.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29293435"><span id="translatedtitle">Reconstruction of patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A case report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Milankov Ziva Miroslav; Semnic Robert; Miljkovi? Natasa; Harhaji Vladimir</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> following use of its central third for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a rare disabling injury that is technically difficult to repair. We report one case of patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after harvesting the mid-third for ACL reconstruction. A number of different surgical methods exist for reconstructing patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. Here we report a case using a</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810002601&hterms=vpi&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D90%26Ntt%3Dvpi"><span id="translatedtitle">Creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> of polymer-matrix composites. [graphite-epoxy laminates</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Brinson, H. F.; Griffith, W. I.; Morris, D. H.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>An accelerated characterization method for resin matrix composites is reviewed. Methods for determining modulus and strength master curves are given. Creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> analytical models are discussed as applied to polymers and polymer matrix composites. Comparisons between creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> experiments and analytical models are presented. The time dependent creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process in graphite epoxy laminates is examined as a function of temperature and stress level.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.biotheory.umd.edu/PDF/Barsegov_PRL_2008.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Role of Internal Chain Dynamics on the <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Kinetic of Adhesive Contacts V. Barsegov,1</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Thirumalai, Devarajan</p> <p></p> <p>the applied force (f) to the chain end is less than the critical force for <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (fc), the reversible <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process is coupled to the internal Rouse modes. If f=fc > 1 the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is irreversible. In both the stability of the stem. Using an exactly solvable Rouse model, with one or two adhesive contacts between</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30224584"><span id="translatedtitle">Neonatal sepsis after betamethasone administration to patients with preterm premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Stephen T. Vermillion; David E. Soper; Jennifer Chasedunn-Roark</p> <p>1999-01-01</p> <p>Objective: We sought to determine the effect of antenatal betamethasone exposure on the incidence of early onset neonatal sepsis in patients with preterm premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes. Study Design: We performed a nonconcurrent prospective analysis of infants delivered between 24 and 34 weeks’ gestation after preterm premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes. Patients with preterm premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of membranes were categorized into</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Las13preprint.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Loop punching and bubble <span class="hlt">rupture</span> causing surface roughening -a model for W fuzz growth</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Nordlund, Kai</p> <p></p> <p>epl draft Loop punching and bubble <span class="hlt">rupture</span> causing surface roughening - a model for W fuzz growth A growth by loop punching. The bubbles close to the surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The balance between these processes]. Instead, we show that the balance between loop punching and bubble <span class="hlt">rupture</span> cause the kinetic surface</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60890823"><span id="translatedtitle">THE EFFECT OF ATMOSPHERE ON CREEP-<span class="hlt">RUPTURE</span> PROPERTIES OF A NICKEL-CHROMIUM- ALUMINUM ALLOY</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>P. Shahinian; M. R. Achter</p> <p>1958-01-01</p> <p>The role of ductility in the effect of environment om creep and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> ; properties was investigated employing a 76% nickel, 19% chromium, and 4% aluminum ; alloy. Creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> tests were conducted primarily in air and im vacuum at ; 1300, 1500, and 1900 deg F. It was found that at low temperatures and high ; stresses, timeto-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> was longer</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://seismo.berkeley.edu/~rallen/pub/2010wurman/WurmanPhDThesis2010.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Earthquake Early Warning and the Physics of Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Gilead Wurman</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Allen, Richard M.</p> <p></p> <p>Earthquake Early Warning and the Physics of Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> By Gilead Wurman 2010 #12; #12; 1 Abstract Earthquake Early Warning and the Physics of Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of whether earthquake <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are self-similar, cascading failures, or whether their size is somehow</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~shaw/publications/Shaw13b.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Appendix E--Evaluation of Magnitude-Scaling Relationships and Depth of <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Shaw, Bruce E.</p> <p></p> <p>Statement of the Problem In the Uniform California Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Forecast, version 2 (UCERF2) (Working for the Uniform California Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Forecast, version 3 (UCERF3). Earthquake Sizes Continued use-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University. #12;Appendix E of Uniform California Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Forecast</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/12836398"><span id="translatedtitle">PREDISPOSITION OF DOG BREEDS TO <span class="hlt">RUPTURE</span> OF THE CRANIAL CRUCIATE LIGAMENT</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>A. NEâAS; J. ZATLOUKAL; H. KECOVÁ; M. DVO</p> <p></p> <p>Neãas A., J. Zatloukal, H. Kecová, M. Dvofiák: Predisposition of Dog Breeds to <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of Cranial Cruciate Ligament. Acta Vet. Brno 2000, 69: 305-310. Obtaining more data on breed predisposition of dogs to the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and data on accompanying abnormalities of joints of pelvic limbs affected by the CCL <span class="hlt">rupture</span> may help in answering some questions</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6695289"><span id="translatedtitle">Idiopathic uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the mid-trimester of pregnancy. A case report.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Duflou, J A; Odes, R A</p> <p>1984-02-11</p> <p>Spontaneous uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the second trimester of pregnancy is rare. A case of spontaneous fundal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a multigravid woman who had had two previous lower segment caesarean sections is described. The atypical clinical presentation and postmortem findings are evaluated and discussed. Keys to the diagnosis and principles of management of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the pregnant uterus are outlined. PMID:6695289</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/10625063"><span id="translatedtitle">Effect of inclination angle on fiber <span class="hlt">rupture</span> load in fiber reinforced cementitious composites</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Jun Zhang; Victor C. Lib</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>A model has been formulated for analyzing the influence of fiber inclination angle on its <span class="hlt">rupture</span> load in fiber reinforced cementitious composite. As a stiff fiber is pulled with an angle to the direction of pulling, the fiber <span class="hlt">rupture</span> load decreases compared to the case with zero inclination angles. This phenomenon is called fiber apparent strength (defined as <span class="hlt">rupture</span> load</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005AGUFM.T11A0346S"><span id="translatedtitle">Variable <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Mode at Subduction Zones Around the Pacific</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Satake, K.</p> <p>2005-12-01</p> <p>The enormity of the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, in comparison with 19th- and 20th-century earthquakes in its <span class="hlt">rupture</span> area, serves as a reminder that a subduction zone may produce earthquakes larger than those in recorded in the past. Historical record and paleoseismological data show that variability in <span class="hlt">rupture</span> mode is characteristic of some subduction zones. Infrequent, gigantic earthquakes predominate in geologic records, while historic data tell of more frequent, smaller earthquakes. This implies that along the Cascadia subduction zone, great (M > 8) earthquake can occur more frequently than estimated from paleoseismological record. Like the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, the giant 1960 Chilean earthquake (Mw 9.5) was unusually large. Historical predecessors of the 1960 earthquake occurred in 1837, 1737, and 1575. However, midway along the 1960 <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, only the 1575 event produced geologic records of subsidence and tsunami as obvious as those of 1960. The 1837 and 1737 <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> were probably small, at least at this latitude (Cisternas et al., 2005). Along the Nankai trough of southwest Japan, recurrence of semi-regular earthquakes has been documented in the 1300 years' written history, with an indication of some variability. The easternmost Suruga trough was <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> in 1854 but not in 1944, leaving a seismic gap for the anticipated Tokai earthquake. The 1707 earthquake <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> both Nankai and Tokai sources that <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> separately in 1854 and in 1944 and 1946. The 1605 earthquake seems to be an unusual tsunami earthquake. Near Tokyo, along the Sagami trough, historical records and marine terraces show two types of large earthquakes (1923 type and 1703 type; Shishikura, 2003); their average recurrence intervals are estimated geologically as several hundred years and a few thousand years, respectively. Earthquakes larger than Mw 8.2 can happen along the southern Kuril trench even though they are unknown from the 200-year written history of Hokkaido. Plate-boundary earthquakes close to M 8, at intervals of 100 years or less, had been considered characteristic in this subduction zone. The 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake (M 8.0), for instance, was preceded by similar earthquakes, from slightly different source areas, in 1952 and 1843. However, tsunami deposits show that unusually large tsunamis repeated at intervals averaging about 500 yr, with the most recent event in the 17th century (Hirakawa et al., 2000; Nanayama et al., 2003). The inferred inundation area is much wider than those typical earthquakes, and is best explained by earthquakes that broke more than one of the historical segments. Only these multi-segment earthquakes triggered deep postseismic creep that produced decimeters of coastal uplift (Sawai et al., 2004).</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li class="active"><span>18</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_18 --> <div id="page_19" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li class="active"><span>19</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="361"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24144568"><span id="translatedtitle">A retrospective analysis of urethral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in 63 cats.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Addison, Elena S; Halfacree, Zoe; Moore, Alasdair Hotston; Demetriou, Jackie; Parsons, Kevin; Tivers, Michael</p> <p>2014-04-01</p> <p>The aim of this study was to investigate the short- and long-term morbidity and mortality associated with urethral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in cats. Medical records were reviewed from four veterinary hospitals. Diagnosis was made from retrograde urethrography or direct visualisation during surgery. Location of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was categorised as pre-, intra- or post-pelvic. Follow-up data were collected from referring veterinarians. Sixty-three cats were included in the study of which, males predominated (88.9%). Trauma was the most common cause (n = 35; 55.6%) with the remainder due to iatrogenic injury. Forty-eight cats (88.9%) were treated surgically and six (11.1%) managed conservatively. Significant differences between cats suffering traumatic versus iatrogenic injury included the presence of musculoskeletal injuries (P <0.001); the location of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (P <0.001); the degree of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (P <0.001); definitive management (P <0.001) and short-term complications (P = 0.026). Short-term complications were significantly associated with the following: musculoskeletal injuries (P = 0.012); uroabdomen/uroretroperitoneum (P = 0.004); azotaemia (P = 0.021); postoperative urinary diversion (P = 0.036) and >1 surgery performed (P = 0.006). Forty-seven cats (74.6%) survived to discharge. Prognostic factors associated with survival to discharge included the presence of musculoskeletal injuries (P = 0.017); cause of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (P = 0.017); location of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (P = 0.039) and definitive management (P = 0.020). Twenty-four cats (57.1%) suffered short-term complications and 10 (27.0%) suffered long-term complications. Of those cats surviving to discharge 30 (71.4%) had a good outcome. Median follow-up was 16 months. Outcome was significantly associated with cause of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (P = 0.04); short-term complications (P = 0.03) and long-term complications (P <0.001). In conclusion, a significantly greater proportion of cats with iatrogenic injuries survived to discharge and had a good outcome compared with those that suffered trauma. PMID:24144568</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.T51C2486M"><span id="translatedtitle">Seismic waves radiated during dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of granite laboratory samples</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Mclaskey, G.; Kilgore, B. D.; Lockner, D. A.; Beeler, N. M.</p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>Using arrays of piezoelectric sensors, we analyze the way that seismic waves are radiated during dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of saw-cut faults in granite laboratory samples. We compare stick-slip events generated on a on a 0.15 m-long fault in a triaxial apparatus at 70 to 200 MPa normal stress with those on a 2 m-long fault in a large-scale biaxial apparatus at 1 to 7 MPa normal stress. The two machines have different values of unloading stiffness and produce stick-slip events with significantly different properties. Events on the triaxial apparatus have greater overall slip (400 to 1600 ?m) and larger sample-average shear stress changes (25 to 110 MPa) but shorter overall slip duration (200 to 400 ?s) compared to those on the large biaxial apparatus (50 to 150 ?m slip, 0.1 to 0.4 MPa stress changes, and 2 to 4 ms overall slip duration). As a result, the average slip speeds are much larger for events on the triaxial apparatus (2 to 4 m/s) compared to those on the large biaxial apparatus (15 to 75 mm/s). To explore the consequences of these differences, and how they relate to differences in dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> modes and seismic radiation, each sample is instrumented with at least 15 piezoelectric sensors which are used to study the timing, location, amplitude, and frequency content of radiated seismic waves. In addition, an array of strain gages on the 2 m samples allows us to explore how the local distribution of shear stress along the fault affects the way that fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> occurs. We find that at low stress levels fault slip along the 2 m fault occurs as brief bursts of rapid, seismic slip followed by slowly expanding (5 to 200 m/s) fronts of largely aseismic afterslip (80 to 500 ?m/s slip rates). Higher stress levels on the same fault produce <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> that propagate close to the shear wave speed and continuously radiate seismic waves near the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front. In some cases we observe the rapid termination of seismic radiation on the 2 m fault when a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front propagates into a low stress region. Finally, we evaluate which of our observations are controlled by the boundary conditions and elastic properties of the apparatus and which are controlled by the elastic and frictional properties of the rocks and are most relevant to dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes that generate natural earthquakes.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24834440"><span id="translatedtitle">Graphene mechanics: II. Atomic stress distribution during indentation until <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Costescu, Bogdan I; Gräter, Frauke</p> <p>2014-06-28</p> <p>Previous Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) experiments found single layers of defect-free graphene to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at unexpectedly high loads in the micronewton range. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we modeled an AFM spherical tip pressing on a circular graphene sheet and studied the stress distribution during the indentation process until <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. We found the graphene <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force to have no dependency on the sheet size and a very weak dependency on the indenter velocity, allowing a direct comparison to experiment. The deformation showed a non-linear elastic behavior, with a two-dimensional elastic modulus in good agreement with previous experimental and computational studies. In line with theoretical predictions for linearly elastic sheets, <span class="hlt">rupture</span> forces of non-linearly elastic graphene are proportional to the tip radius. However, as a deviation from the theory, the atomic stress concentrates under the indenter tip more strongly than predicted and causes a high probability of bond breaking only in this area. In turn, stress levels decrease rapidly towards the edge of the sheet, most of which thus only serves the role of mechanical support for the region under the indenter. As a consequence, the high ratio between graphene sheets and sphere radii, hitherto supposed to be necessary for reliable deformation and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> studies, could be reduced to a factor of only 5-10 without affecting the outcome. Our study suggests time-resolved analysis of forces at the atomic level as a valuable tool to predict and interpret the nano-scale response of stressed materials beyond graphene. PMID:24834440</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60689839"><span id="translatedtitle">Can Surgeons Assess CT Suitability for Endovascular Repair (EVAR) in <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm? Implications for a <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> EVAR Trial</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Harjeet Rayt; Kelly Lambert; Matthew Bown; Guy Fishwick; Robert Morgan; Mark McCarthy; Nick London; Robert Sayers</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this study was to determine whether surgeons without formal radiological training are able to assess suitability of patients with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) for EVAR. The CT scans of 20 patients with AAA were reviewed under timed conditions by six vascular surgeons. Twenty minutes was allocated per scan. They were asked to determine if each aneurysm</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012JGRB..11712401C"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> propagation inferred from damage patterns, slip distribution, and segmentation of the 1957 MW 8.1 Gobi-Altay earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> along the Bogd fault, Mongolia</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Choi, Jin-Hyuck; Jin, Kwangmin; Enkhbayar, Dandar; Davvasambuu, Battogtokh; Bayasgalan, Amgalan; Kim, Young-Seog</p> <p>2012-12-01</p> <p>A detailed analysis of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> patterns and slip changes along the surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> associated with the 1957 Gobi-Altay earthquake (MW= 8.1) in Mongolia, which occurred along the Bogd left-lateral strike-slip fault, was carried out to better understand segmentation and propagation. The major surface <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> show a simple linear pattern, whereas minor <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> along the major <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>, which are concentrated at <span class="hlt">rupture</span> step overs and tip zones, show complex patterns. In the latter case, their patterns strongly resemble the geometric and kinematic characteristics of previously reported mesoscale fault damage patterns. The geomorphologic offsets show that left-lateral slip dominated with an average displacement of 3.5 to 4.0 m, but it decreased or transferred to dip-slip components mainly at <span class="hlt">rupture</span> step-overs and tip zones. Abrupt changes of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> patterns and slip distribution indicate that the coseismic surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> along the Bogd fault comprises three major segments from west to east, namely, the North-Ih, East-Ih, and North-Baga Bogd segments, and a highly damaged eastern tip zone. Based on the location of the epicenter, as well as the asymmetrically distributed damage structures and slips, we infer that the surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagated eastward unilaterally through several segments and reached the easternmost step-over, which acted as a tough barrier. The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> finally terminated, producing a highly deformed tip damage zone developed to accommodate released stress. We argue that detailed analysis of damage patterns, slip distribution, and slip transfer can help us to better understand fault segmentation and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=USGSPUBS&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70026394"><span id="translatedtitle">Near-source ground motions from simulations of sustained intersonic and supersonic fault <span class="hlt">ruptures</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Aagaard, B.T.; Heaton, T.H.</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>We examine the long-period near-source ground motions from simulations of M 7.4 events on a strike-slip fault using kinematic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> with <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speeds that range from subshear speeds through intersonic speeds to supersonic speeds. The strong along-strike shear-wave directivity present in scenarios with subshear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speeds disappears in the scenarios with <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> propagating faster than the shear-wave speed. Furthermore, the maximum horizontal displacements and velocities rotate from generally fault-perpendicular orientations at subshear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speeds to generally fault-parallel orientations at supersonic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speeds. For <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speeds just above the shear-wave speed, the orientations are spatially heterogeneous as a result of the random nature of our assumed slip model. At locations within a few kilometers of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, the time histories of the polarization of the horizontal motion provide a better diagnostic with which to gauge the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed than the orientation of the peak motion. Subshear <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are associated with significant fault-perpendicular motion before fault-parallel motion close to the fault; supershear <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are associated with fault-perpendicular motion after significant fault-parallel motion. Consistent with previous studies, we do not find evidence for prolonged supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the long-period (>2 sec) ground motions from the 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake. However, we are unable to resolve the issue of whether a limited portion of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (approximately 10 km in length) propagated faster than the shear-wave speed. Additionally, a recording from the 2002 Denali fault earthquake does appear to be qualitatively consistent with locally supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Stronger evidence for supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in earthquakes may require very dense station coverage in order to capture these potentially distinguishing traits.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3647170"><span id="translatedtitle">Acoustic-Friction Networks and the Evolution of Precursor <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Fronts in Laboratory Earthquakes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Ghaffari, H. O.; Young, R. P.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>The evolution of shear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> fronts in laboratory earthquakes is analysed with the corresponding functional networks, constructed over acoustic emission friction-patterns. We show that the mesoscopic characteristics of functional networks carry the characteristic time for each phase of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> evolution. The classified <span class="hlt">rupture</span> fronts in network states–obtained from a saw-cut fault and natural faulted Westerly granite - show a clear separation into three main groups, indicating different states of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> fronts. With respect to the scaling of local <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>' durations with the networks' parameters, we show that the gap in the classified fronts could be related to the possibility of a separation between slow and regular fronts.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24524943"><span id="translatedtitle">Pathomorphological differentiation between traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and nontraumatic arterial dissection of the intracranial vertebral artery.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ro, Ayako; Kageyama, Norimasa</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>We aimed to establish an objective indicator for differential diagnosis between traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the intracranial vertebral artery (TRIVA) and nontraumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> from intracranial vertebral artery dissection (NIVAD). We investigated 19 intracranial vertebral artery (IVA) samples, including three from TRIVA, seven from NIVAD and nine non-IVA <span class="hlt">rupture</span> cases using 0.2-mm serial histological sections through the IVA. The internal elastic lamina (IEL)-adventitia ratio for each slide was calculated as the ratio of the traced length of the adventitia to the length of the IEL as measured by digital photomicrography. NIVAD cases showed a significant peak in the IEL-adventitia ratio around the area of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, whereas TRIVA and non-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> cases showed no specific increase or decrease in IEL-adventitia ratios throughout the IVAs. All NIVAD cases had a significantly higher average IEL-adventitia ratio across 10 slides at the site of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> lesion than at the site furthest from the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. In contrast, two out of three TRIVA cases showed no significant difference between the two points. The other TRIVA case showed a significantly lower IEL-adventitia ratio at the point nearest the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> compared with that at the point farthest from the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Other histological characteristics considered specific to either TRIVA or NIVAD were observed. Our results indicate that measuring and comparing IEL-adventitia ratios at <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> and non-<span class="hlt">ruptured</span> sites of the IVA could be a useful practical indicator for differential diagnosis between TRIVAs and NIVADs. PMID:24524943</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012Sci...337..724M"><span id="translatedtitle">Earthquake in a Maze: Compressional <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Branching During the 2012 Mw 8.6 Sumatra Earthquake</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Meng, L.; Ampuero, J.-P.; Stock, J.; Duputel, Z.; Luo, Y.; Tsai, V. C.</p> <p>2012-08-01</p> <p>Seismological observations of the 2012 moment magnitude 8.6 Sumatra earthquake reveal unprecedented complexity of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The surprisingly large magnitude results from the combination of deep extent, high stress drop, and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of multiple faults. Back-projection source imaging indicates that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> occurred on distinct planes in an orthogonal conjugate fault system, with relatively slow <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed. The east-southeast-west-northwest <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> add a new dimension to the seismotectonics of the Wharton Basin, which was previously thought to be controlled by north-south strike-slip faulting. The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> turned twice into the compressive quadrant, against the preferred branching direction predicted by dynamic Coulomb stress calculations. Orthogonal faulting and compressional branching indicate that <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was controlled by a pressure-insensitive strength of the deep oceanic lithosphere.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3217427"><span id="translatedtitle">Prediction of Severe Eye Injuries in Automobile Accidents: Static and Dynamic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Pressure of the Eye</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Kennedy, Eric A.; Voorhies, Katherine D.; Herring, Ian P.; Rath, Amber L.; Duma, Stefan M.</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this paper is to determine the static and dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> pressures of 20 human and 20 porcine eyes. This study found the static test results show an average <span class="hlt">rupture</span> pressure for porcine eyes of 1.00 ± 0.18 MPa while the average <span class="hlt">rupture</span> pressure for human eyes was 0.36 ± 0.20 MPa. For dynamic loading, the average porcine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> pressure was 1.64 ± 0.32 MPa, and the average <span class="hlt">rupture</span> pressure for human eyes was 0.91 ± 0.29 MPa. Significant differences are found between average <span class="hlt">rupture</span> pressures from all four groups of tests (p = 0.01). A risk function has been developed and predicts a 50% risk of globe <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at 1.02 MPa, 1.66 MPa, 0.35 MPa, and 0.90 MPa internal pressure for porcine static, porcine dynamic, human static, and human dynamic loading conditions, respectively. PMID:15319124</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28601123"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon and contralateral patellar tendon in a patient with chronic renal failure</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Hasan Hilmi Muratli; Levent Çelebi; Onur Hapa; Ali Biçimo?lu</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>Simultaneous quadriceps and patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is rare. Mechanical factors and coexisting systemic and local factors are taken into consideration in the pathogenesis of these <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. In patients with some chronic systemic diseases, simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> can occur spontaneously or with minor traumas. We present a case of simultaneous quadriceps and patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a 21-year-old man with chronic renal</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28248268"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of peripancreatic lymph node with hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis: report of an autopsy case with massive peritoneal bleeding</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Tadashi Terada; Tetsu Takeuchi; Rikuzou Hirano; Satomi Nagata; Hiroyuki Kubota; Satoshi Honda</p> <p>2003-01-01</p> <p>Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a tendency for fatal spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> leading to massive hemorrhage. The majority of such <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of HCC occur in the liver, while a few previous studies showed that such HCC <span class="hlt">rupture</span> developed at metastatic sites including the lung, pleura, spleen, and peritoneum. We here report a case of hepatitis C virus-related HCC with spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22043438"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of umbilical hernia in pregnancy: a case report.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ahmed, Adamu; Stephen, Garba; Ukwenya, Yahaya</p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>A 28 year old woman presented with a spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an umbilical hernia in her seventh month of pregnancy. She had four previous unsupervised normal deliveries. There was no history of trauma or application of herbal medicine on the hernia. The hernia sac <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> at the inferior surface where it was attached to the ulcerated and damaged overlying skin. There was a gangrenous eviscerated small bowel. The patient was resuscitated and the gangrenous small bowel was resected and end to end anastomosis done. The hernia sac was excised and the 12 cm defect repaired. Six weeks later, she had spontaneous vaginal delivery of a live baby. We advocate that large umbilical hernias should be routinely repaired when seen in women of child bearing age. PMID:22043438</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24987358"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma: a case report and literature review.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Tajima, Shogo; Suzuki, Akira; Suzumura, Kiyoshi</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>A 38-year-old male was admitted to our hospital due to upper abdominal pain. Computed tomography revealed a hepatic angiomyolipoma (AML; 10.5 × 9.5 × 7.0 cm in size), which had <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> into the space between the liver and the diaphragm. Following transcatheter arterial embolization, surgical resection was performed. The tumor consisted of epithelioid cells (50-60%), mature fat (40-50%), and thickened-wall blood vessels. Considering the amount of epithelioid cells and their positivity for E-cadherin and ?-catenin, the tumor was diagnosed as hepatic epithelioid AML. Cases of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> hepatic AML are rare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the sixth case reported in the English literature. PMID:24987358</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1544557"><span id="translatedtitle">Intrabiliary <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of hepatic hydatid cyst: sonographic and cholangiographic appearances.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Zargar, S A; Khuroo, M S; Khan, B A; Dar, M Y; Alai, M S; Koul, P</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>Sonographic and cholangiographic appearances of confirmed intrabiliary <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a hepatic hydatid cyst were studied in 15 cases. Sonographic findings included liver cyst in all cases; nonshadowing echogenic structures in the dilated biliary tree representing hydatid material, such as fragmented membranes, sand, matrix, and daughter vesicles, in eight cases; and loss of continuity of the cyst wall adjacent to the bile duct representing the site of communication in seven cases. Cholangiographic findings were as follows: filling defects of varying size and shapes in the dilated biliary tree in 13 cases, and changing shape and position of these filling defects in three of them; and leakage of contrast medium into the cyst cavity in 12 cases. Intrabiliary <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of hepatic hydatid cyst was suggested by sonography in 10 cases (66.7%) and at cholangiography in 13 cases (86.6%). We conclude that a joint application of sonography and endoscopic cholangiography is mandatory for proper preoperative evaluation of this disorder. PMID:1544557</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JChPh.139p5101N"><span id="translatedtitle">Statistical mechanics of DNA <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: Theory and simulations</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Nath, S.; Modi, T.; Mishra, R. K.; Giri, D.; Mandal, B. P.; Kumar, S.</p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>We study the effects of the shear force on the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> mechanism on a double stranded DNA. Motivated by recent experiments, we perform the atomistic simulations with explicit solvent to obtain the distributions of extension in hydrogen and covalent bonds below the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force. We obtain a significant difference between the atomistic simulations and the existing results in the literature based on the coarse-grained models (theory and simulations). We discuss the possible reasons and improve the coarse-grained model by incorporating the consequences of semi-microscopic details of the nucleotides in its description. The distributions obtained by the modified model (simulations and theoretical) are qualitatively similar to the one obtained using atomistic simulations.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3249338"><span id="translatedtitle">Management of Patients with Traumatic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of the Diaphragm</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Hwang, Sang-Won; Byun, Jung Hun</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Background Traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the diaphragm is an unusual type of trauma. In addition, it is difficult to diagnose because it can be accompanied by injuries to other organs. If it is not detected early, the mortality rate can increase due to serious complications. Diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is an important indicator of the severity of the trauma. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting the incidence of complications and mortality in patients who had surgery to treat traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the diaphragm. Materials and Methods The subjects were patients who had undergone a diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> by blunt trauma or stab wounds except patients who were transferred to other hospitals within 3 days of hospitalization, from January 2000 to December 2007. This study was a retrospective study. 43 patients were hospitalized, and 40 patients were included during the study period. Among them, 28 were male, 12 were female, and the average age was 42 (from 18 to 80). Outcome predictive factors including hypoxia, ventilator application days, revised trauma score (RTS), injury severity score (ISS), age, herniated organs, complications, and the mortality rate were investigated. Results Causes of trauma included motor vehicle crashes for 20 patients (50%), falls for 10 (25%), stab wounds for 8 (20%), and agricultural machinery accidents for 2 (5%). Most of the patients (36 patients; 90%) had wound sites on the left. Diagnosis was performed within 12 hours for most patients. The diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was diagnosed preoperatively in 27 patients (70%) and in 12 patients (30%) during other surgeries. For surgical treatment, thoracotomy was performed in 14 patients (35%), laparotomy in 11 (27.5%), and a surgery combining thoracotomy and laparotomy in 15 patients (37.5%). Herniated organs in the thoracic cavity included the stomach for 23 patients (57.5%), the omentum for 15 patients (37.5%), the colon for 10 patients (25%), and the spleen for 6 patients (15%). Accompanying surgeries included splenectomy for 13 patients (32.5%), lung suture for 6 patients (15%), and liver suture for 5 patients (12.5%). The average hospital stay was 47.80±56.72 days, and the period of ventilation was 3.90±5.8 days. The average ISS was 35.90±16.81 (11~75), and the average RTS was 6.46±1.88 (1.02~7.84). The mortality rate was 17.5% (7 patients). Factors affecting complications were stomach hernia and age. Factors affecting the mortality rate were ISS and RTS. Conclusion There are no typical symptoms of the traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the diaphragm by blunt trauma. Nor are there any special methods of diagnosis; in fact, it is difficult to diagnose because it accompanies injuries to other organs. Stab wounds are also not easy to diagnose, though they are relatively easy to diagnose compared to blunt trauma because the accompanying injuries are more limited. Suture of the diaphragm can be performed through the chest, the abdomen, or the thoracoabdomen. These surgical methods are chosen based on accompanying organ injuries. When there are many organ injuries, there are a great number of complications. Significant factors affecting the complication rate were stomach hernia and age. ISS and RTS were significant as factors affecting the mortality rate. In the case of severe trauma such as pelvic fractures, frequent physical examinations and chest X-rays are necessary to confirm traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the diaphragm because it does not have specific symptoms, and there are no clear diagnosis methods. Complications and the mortality rate should be reduced with early diagnosis and with treatment by confirming diaphragmatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the thoracic cavity and the abdomen during surgery. PMID:22263186</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25555115"><span id="translatedtitle">Occipital aneurysmal bone cyst <span class="hlt">rupture</span> following head trauma: case report.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Garber, Sarah T; Riva-Cambrin, Jay K</p> <p>2015-03-01</p> <p>Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are benign, expansile, osteolytic lesions that represent 1%-2% of primary bone tumors. Cranial ABCs are even more rare and represent 3%-6% of these unique lesions. The authors describe the case of a 3-year-old girl who presented with an acute posterior fossa epidural hematoma after minor trauma. Imaging workup revealed a previously undiagnosed suboccipital ABC that appeared to have <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> as a result of her trauma, leading to a life-threatening hemorrhage. To the authors' knowledge, a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> ABC has never before been presented in the pediatric literature. In this case report, the authors review the imaging findings, natural history, clinical course, and treatment of these rare lesions. PMID:25555115</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18519331"><span id="translatedtitle">Management of chronic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the Achilles tendon.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Maffulli, Nicola; Ajis, Adam</p> <p>2008-06-01</p> <p>Chronic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of Achilles tendons are those that present four to six weeks after the original injury. They have become more common as acute Achilles tendon injuries have become more frequent, and they are associated with considerable functional morbidity. Most surgeons agree that chronic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> should be managed operatively. Diagnosis is based predominantly on history and clinical examination. Real-time, high-resolution ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging are helpful in preoperative planning or as a diagnostic aid. Local tissue, local tendons, and allografts can be used to reconstruct the tendon, and end-to-end repair is possible if the gap is <2.5 cm. Compared with acute injuries, chronic injuries are associated with a higher rate of postoperative infection and more prolonged recovery. PMID:18519331</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11344442"><span id="translatedtitle">Hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> spleen.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ren, C J; Salky, B; Reiner, M</p> <p>2001-03-01</p> <p>Although the laparoscopic technique is an accepted method for elective splenectomy, it is controversial in the setting of trauma. A few reports have described laparoscopic splenorrhaphy for trauma, but none have performed laparoscopic splenectomy for splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. When the spleen is injured, vascular control and poor visibility due to bleeding present obstacles to laparoscopy. The development of the hand-assist device has helped surgeons make the transition from laparotomy to laparoscopy because of the advantages it provides, such as tactile sensation and immediate vascular control. We utilized these benefits of the hand-assist device to convert a laparoscopic operation to a hand-assisted laparoscopic operation and were thus able to avoid a laparotomy. We report a case in which the hand-assist device was used as an alternative to conversion during a laparoscopic splenectomy for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> spleen. PMID:11344442</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li class="active"><span>19</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_19 --> <div id="page_20" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li class="active"><span>20</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="381"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5901443"><span id="translatedtitle">Creep and creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> behavior of Alloy 718</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Brinkman, C.R.; Booker, M.K.; Ding, J.L.</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>Data obtained from creep and creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> tests conducted on 18 heats of Alloy 718 were used to formulate models for predicting high temperature time dependent behavior of this alloy. Creep tests were conducted on specimens taken from a number of commercial product forms including plate, bar, and forgoing material that had been procured and heat treated in accordance with ASTM specifications B-670 or B-637. Data were obtained over the temperature range of 427 to 760{degree}C ad at test times to about 87,000 h. Comparisons are given between experimental data and the analytical models. The analytical models for creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> included one based on lot-centering regression analysis and two based on the Minimum Commitment Method. A master'' curve approach was used to develop and equation for estimating creep deformation up to the onset of tertiary creep. 11 refs., 13 figs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30094815"><span id="translatedtitle">Quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>—is there a complete functional restitution?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>M. E. Wenzl; R. Kirchner; K. Seide; S. Strametz; C. Jürgens</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>From January 1986 to November 1999, 35 patients with 36 traumatic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of the quadriceps tendon, all without medical risk factors, were treated (33 men, 2 women; mean age 55 years). Thirty patients were operated within 14 days after trauma. With an average follow up of 55.4 months (7–168) 29 of 30 still living patients (96.7%) were studied retrospectively. Questionnaire</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31041144"><span id="translatedtitle">Bilateral, simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon: a diagnostic pitfall?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>T. Neubauer; M. Wagner; T. Potschka; M. Riedl</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>Bilateral, simultaneous quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (QTR) represents a rare entity and delay in establishing the correct diagnosis\\u000a is not uncommon. Another three cases are reported here and in all the correct diagnosis was missed initially. A review of\\u000a the English and German literature retrieved 105 cases of bilateral, simultaneous QTR and in 32 patients (30.5%) the correct\\u000a diagnosis was established</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/1502.03623v1"><span id="translatedtitle">Force-induced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a DNA duplex</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Majid Mosayebi; Ard A. Louis; Jonathan P. K. Doye; Thomas E. Ouldridge</p> <p>2015-02-12</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of double-stranded DNA under stress is a key process in biophysics and nanotechnology. In this article we consider the shear-induced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of short DNA duplexes, a system that has been given new importance by recently designed force sensors and nanotechnological devices. We argue that <span class="hlt">rupture</span> must be understood as an activated process, where the duplex state is metastable and the strands will separate in a finite time that depends on the duplex length and the force applied. Thus, the critical shearing force required to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> a duplex within a given experiment depends strongly on the time scale of observation. We use simple models of DNA to demonstrate that this approach naturally captures the experimentally observed dependence of the critical force on duplex length for a given observation time. In particular, the critical force is zero for the shortest duplexes, before rising sharply and then plateauing in the long length limit. The prevailing approach, based on identifying when the presence of each additional base pair within the duplex is thermodynamically unfavorable rather than allowing for metastability, does not predict a time-scale-dependent critical force and does not naturally incorporate a critical force of zero for the shortest duplexes. Additionally, motivated by a recently proposed force sensor, we investigate application of stress to a duplex in a mixed mode that interpolates between shearing and unzipping. As with pure shearing, the critical force depends on the time scale of observation; at a fixed time scale and duplex length, the critical force exhibits a sigmoidal dependence on the fraction of the duplex that is subject to shearing.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7745359"><span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of an aortic aneurysm infected with Salmonella].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Maleti, O; Collura, M; Farinetti, A; Lugli, M; Zauli Sajani, M; Carubbi, F</p> <p>1995-01-01</p> <p>We report a case of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of abdominal aortic aneurysm due to salmonella typhy infection. The patient had a first operation of prothesis graft which led to infective dehiscence. After a further operation of aortic over renal banding, the patient was in good health. The authors discuss the possibility to make an aortic banding combined with an extra-anatomic revascularization directly, instead of carrying out an in situ reconstruction. PMID:7745359</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32868621"><span id="translatedtitle">Congenital Intracranial Teratoma with Massive Macrocephaly and Skull <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Filiz Bolat; Fazilet Kayaselcuk; Ebru Tarim; Esra Kilicdag; Nebil Bal</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Objective: Congenital intracranial tumors are rare and only account for 0.5–1.5% of all pediatric brain tumors. Teratoma is the most frequently encountered intracranial tumor at birth. Massive congenital intracranial teratoma is an extremely rare neoplasm with a poor prognosis. They grow rapidly and cause extensive destruction in the brain. Herein we report a massive intracranial teratoma causing skull <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Case</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4352461"><span id="translatedtitle">Bilateral Wünderlich Syndrome Caused by Spontaneous <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of Renal Angiomyolipomas</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sotošek, Stanislav; Marki?, Dean; Španjol, Josip; Krpina, Kristian; Kneževi?, Siniša; Mari?i?, Anton</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Wünderlich syndrome (WS) is a urological emergency characterized by retroperitoneal hemorrhage. In most cases, bleeding occurs from a renal angiomyolipoma (AML) and may be the first manifestation of the disease. We report a female patient with bilateral WS due to the metachronous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of renal AMLs. Because the patient was stable and the tumor was not malignant, treatment was conservative. Follow-up revealed the full recovery of kidney function and the resolution of the hematoma. PMID:25793141</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25793141"><span id="translatedtitle">Bilateral wünderlich syndrome caused by spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of renal angiomyolipomas.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sotošek, Stanislav; Marki?, Dean; Španjol, Josip; Krpina, Kristian; Kneževi?, Siniša; Mari?i?, Anton</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Wünderlich syndrome (WS) is a urological emergency characterized by retroperitoneal hemorrhage. In most cases, bleeding occurs from a renal angiomyolipoma (AML) and may be the first manifestation of the disease. We report a female patient with bilateral WS due to the metachronous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of renal AMLs. Because the patient was stable and the tumor was not malignant, treatment was conservative. Follow-up revealed the full recovery of kidney function and the resolution of the hematoma. PMID:25793141</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19730008901&hterms=seamless+steel+tubes&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dseamless%2Bsteel%2Btubes"><span id="translatedtitle">Creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> tests of internally pressurized Inconel 702 tubes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Gumto, K. H.</p> <p>1973-01-01</p> <p>Seamless Inconel 702 tubes with 0.375-in. outside diameter and 0.025-in. wall thickness were tested to failure at temperatures from 1390 to 1575 F and internal helium pressures from 700 to 1800 psi. Lifetimes ranged from 29 to 1561 hr. The creep-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> strength of the tubes was about 70 percent lower than that of sheet specimens. Larson-Miller correlations and photomicrographs of some specimens are presented.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.seismo.ethz.ch/staff/martin/papers/BSSA00scalingRP.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Source Scaling Properties from Finite-Fault-<span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Models</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>P. Martin Mai; Gregory C. Beroza</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>Finite-source images of earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> show that fault slip is spa- tially variable at all resolvable scales. In this study we develop scaling laws that account for this variability by measuring effective fault dimensions derived from the autocorrelation of the slip function for 31 published slip models of 18 earthquakes, 8 strike-slip events, and 10 dip-slip (reverse, normal, or oblique)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4174177"><span id="translatedtitle">High-grade Angiosarcoma Associated with <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Breast Implants</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Smoll, Nicolas R.; Farhadieh, Ross D.; Ferguson, Ross; Findlay, Michael W.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Summary: Since the serendipitous discovery that implanted polymers cause sarcomas in rats, much research has been conducted to prove or disprove a link between silicone breast implants and/or polymer-based materials and breast cancer. In light of an initial report that 35% of rats implanted with a variety of polymers developed fibrosarcomas, we report a case of primary angiosarcoma found in a patient presenting with bilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of gel-filled breast implants. PMID:25289205</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4499361"><span id="translatedtitle">Management of hepatocellular carcinoma <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the caudate lobe</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Hong, De-Fei; Liu, Ying-Bin; Peng, Shu-You; Pang, Jin-Zhong; Wang, Zhi-Fei; Cheng, Jian; Shen, Guo-Liang; Zhang, Yuan-Biao</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>AIM: To demonstrate that caudate lobectomy is a valid treatment in cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the caudate lobe based on our experience with the largest case series reported to date. METHODS: A retrospective study of eight patients presenting with spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and hemorrhage of HCC in the caudate lobe was conducted. Two patients underwent ineffective transarterial embolization preoperatively. Caudate lobectomy was performed in all eight patients. Bilateral approach was taken in seven cases for isolated complete caudate lobectomy. Left-sided approach was employed in one case for isolated partial caudate lobectomy. Transarterial chemoembolization was performed postoperatively in all patients. RESULTS: Caudate lobectomy was successfully completed in all eight cases. The median time delay from the diagnosis to operation was 5 d (range: 0.25-9). Median operating time was 200 min (range: 120-310) with a median blood loss of 900 mL (range: 300-1500). Five patient remained in long-term follow-up, with one patient becoming lost to follow-up at 3 years and two patients currently alive at 7 and 19 mo. One patient required reoperation due to recurrence. Gamma knife intervention was performed for brain metastasis in another case. Two patients survived for 10 and 84 mo postoperatively, ultimately succumbing to multiple organ metastases. CONCLUSION: Caudate lobectomy is the salvage choice for HCC <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in the caudate lobe. Local anatomy and physiologic features of the disease render caudate lobectomy a technically difficult operation. Postponement of surgical intervention is thus recommended while the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> remains hemodynamically stable until an experienced surgeon becomes available. Prognosis is confounded by numerous factors, but long-term survival can be expected in the majority of cases. PMID:26185390</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://quake.usgs.gov/research/deformation/modeling/papers/2009/WGCEP_2009_BSSA.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Uniform California Earthquake <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Forecast, Version 2 (UCERF 2)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>E. H. Field; T. E. Dawson; K. R. Felzer; A. D. Frankel; V. Gupta; T. H. Jordan; T. Parsons; M. D. Petersen; R. S. Stein; R. J. Weldon; C. J. Wills</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>The 2007 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities (WGCEP,2007)presentstheUniformCalifornia Earthquake<span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Forecast, Version 2( UCERF 2). This model comprises a time-independent (Poisson-process) earthquake rate model, developed jointly with the National Seismic Hazard Mapping Program and a time-dependent earthquake-probability model, based on recent earthquake rates and stress-renewal statistics conditioned on the date of last event. The models were devel- opedfromupdatedstatewideearthquakecatalogsandfaultdeformationdatabasesusing a uniform</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/33925632"><span id="translatedtitle">Hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> spleen</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>C. J. Ren; B. Salky; M. Reiner</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>Although the laparoscopic technique is an accepted method for elective splenectomy, it is controversial in the setting of\\u000a trauma. A few reports have described laparoscopic splenorrhaphy for trauma, but none have performed laparoscopic splenectomy\\u000a for splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. When the spleen is injured, vascular control and poor visibility due to bleeding present obstacles to\\u000a laparoscopy. The development of the hand-assist device</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/a35k130561372701.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Pseudotumoral appearance of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> epidermal cyst in the foot</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Srinivasan Harish; Edgar Jan; Michelle Ghert; Salem Alowami; Karen Finlay</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>We present a case of keratin granuloma due to a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> epidermal cyst, occurring in the foot, in a 52-year-old woman. The patient presented with a history of a slow-growing lump in the web space of the foot that had been present for over a year. Imaging appearances suggested a soft tissue neoplasm. Clinical presentation, radiological features and histopathological findings</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4168106"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> gastric artery aneurysm: An uncommon manifestation of microscopic polyangiitis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Ikura, Yoshihiro; Kadota, Tomohiro; Watanabe, Shuhei; Arimoto, Akira; Nishioka, Eiko</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Gastric artery aneurysm is a rare and lethal condition, and is caused by inflammatory or degenerative vasculopathies. We describe herein the clinical course of a patient with a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> gastric artery aneurysm associated with microscopic polyangiitis. Absence of vasculitic changes in the aneurysm resected and negative results of autoantibodies interfered with our diagnostic process. We should have adopted an interventional radiology and initiated steroid therapy promptly to rescue the patient. PMID:25253973</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25480667"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a multicenter study.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Antonopoulos, Constantine N; Kakisis, John D; Giannakopoulos, Triantafillos G; Andrikopoulos, Vasilios; Antoniadis, Pavlos; Bessias, Nikolaos; Dervisis, Konstantinos; Georgopoulos, Sotirios; Giannoukas, Athanasios; Kaperonis, Elias; Kiskinis, Dimitrios; Klonaris, Christos; Machairas, Anastasios; Papavassiliou, Vasilios; Saleptsis, Vasilios; Saratzis, Nikolaos; Seretis, Konstantinos; Tampakis, Charalambos; Liapis, Christos D</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>A total of 22 patients with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) after previous endovascular aortic repair (EVAR; rAAAevar) were presented to 7 referral hospitals in Greece, between January 2006 and April 2012. Type Ia endoleak and endograft migration were identified in 72.7% and 50%, respectively. Compliance to follow-up protocol prior to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was 31.8%. In-hospital mortality was 36.4% (9.1% for those treated with secondary EVAR and 63.6% for those treated with open surgical repair, P = .02). An increase in the proportion of patients with rAAAevar among the total number of patients with rAAAs from 1.3% in 2007 to 18.2% in 2012 (P for trend = .04) was recorded, corresponding to an annual increase of 2.8% (b = 2.84, P = .04). <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> after EVAR seemed to be a clinical entity encountered with increasing frequency over the past years. Type I endoleak and endograft migration were most frequently observed, whereas compliance to follow-up was low. PMID:25480667</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/461398"><span id="translatedtitle">Accelerated stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> lifetime assessment for fiber composites</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Groves, S.E.; DeTeresa, S.J.; Sanchez, R.J.; Zocher, M.A.; Christensen, R.M.</p> <p>1997-02-01</p> <p>Objective was to develop a theoretical and experimental framework for predicting stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> lifetime for fiber polymer composites based on short-term accelerated testing. Originally a 3-year project, it was terminated after the first year, which included stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> experiments and viscoelastic material characterization. In principle, higher temperature, stress, and saturated environmental conditions are used to accelerate stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Two types of specimens were to be subjected to long-term and accelerated static tensile loading at various temperatures, loads in order to quantify both fiber and matrix dominated failures. Also, we were to apply state-of-the-art analytical and experimental characterization techniques developed under a previous DOE/DP CRADA for capturing and tracking incipient degradation mechanisms associated with mechanical performance. Focus was increase our confidence to design, analyze, and build long-term composite structures such as flywheels and hydrogen gas storage vessels; other applications include advanced conventional weapons, infrastructures, marine and offshore systems, and stockpile stewardship and surveillance. Capabilities developed under this project, though not completed or verified, are being applied to NIF, AVLIS, and SSMP programs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3342953"><span id="translatedtitle">Transient nuclear envelope <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> during interphase in human cancer cells</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Vargas, Jesse D.; Hatch, Emily M.; Anderson, Daniel J.; Hetzer, Martin W.</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Neoplastic cells are often characterized by specific morphological abnormalities of the nuclear envelope (NE), which have been used for cancer diagnosis for more than a century. The NE is a double phospholipid bilayer that encapsulates the nuclear genome, regulates all nuclear trafficking of RNAs and proteins and prevents the passive diffusion of macromolecules between the nucleoplasm and the cytoplasm. Whether there is a consequence to the proper functioning of the cell and loss of structural integrity of the nucleus remains unclear. Using live cell imaging, we characterize a phenomenon wherein nuclei of several proliferating human cancer cell lines become temporarily <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> during interphase. Strikingly, NE <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> was associated with the mislocalization of nucleoplasmic and cytoplasmic proteins and, in the most extreme cases, the entrapment of cytoplasmic organelles in the nuclear interior. In addition, we observed the formation of micronuclei-like structures during interphase and the movement of chromatin out of the nuclear space. The frequency of these NE <span class="hlt">rupturing</span> events was higher in cells in which the nuclear lamina, a network of intermediate filaments providing mechanical support to the NE, was not properly formed. Our data uncover the existence of a NE instability that has the potential to change the genomic landscape of cancer cells. PMID:22567193</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=USGSPUBS&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70148278"><span id="translatedtitle">Near-field tsunami edge waves and complex earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Geist, Eric L.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>The effect of distributed coseismic slip on progressive, near-field edge waves is examined for continental shelf tsunamis. Detailed observations of edge waves are difficult to separate from the other tsunami phases that are observed on tide gauge records. In this study, analytic methods are used to compute tsunami edge waves distributed over a finite number of modes and for uniformly sloping bathymetry. Coseismic displacements from static elastic theory are introduced as initial conditions in calculating the evolution of progressive edge-waves. Both simple crack representations (constant stress drop) and stochastic slip models (heterogeneous stress drop) are tested on a fault with geometry similar to that of the M w = 8.8 2010 Chile earthquake. Crack-like <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> that are beneath or that span the shoreline result in similar longshore patterns of maximum edge-wave amplitude. <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> located farther offshore result in reduced edge-wave excitation, consistent with previous studies. Introduction of stress-drop heterogeneity by way of stochastic slip models results in significantly more variability in longshore edge-wave patterns compared to crack-like <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> for the same offshore source position. In some cases, regions of high slip that are spatially distinct will yield sub-events, in terms of tsunami generation. Constructive interference of both non-trapped and trapped waves can yield significantly larger tsunamis than those that produced by simple earthquake characterizations.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li class="active"><span>20</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_20 --> <div id="page_21" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li class="active"><span>21</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="401"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015PhyE...70...21M"><span id="translatedtitle">Monatomic metal nanowires: <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> kinetics and mean lifetime</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Michailov, Michail; Kashchiev, Dimo</p> <p>2015-06-01</p> <p>We present a model for the kinetics of spontaneous (unforced) <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of monatomically thick metal nanowire on atomically smooth crystal face. The nanowire breaks down spontaneously solely because of the thermal motion of the atoms in it and the underlying crystal. Our model describes the nanowire <span class="hlt">rupture</span> as a three-step process involving (i) appearance of atoms active in vacating their positions, (ii) generation of atomic vacancies, and (iii) formation of holes (vacancy dimers) in the nanowire. The model is based on Monte Carlo simulation results for the temporal evolution of initially straight monatomic chain of Cu atoms on Cu(111) crystal face. The simulation provides data for the time dependence of the number Nv of vacancies and the number Nh of holes in the nanowire, as well as for the probabilities Pv and Ph to form, respectively, at least one vacancy and at least one hole until time t. We describe the nanowire <span class="hlt">rupture</span> kinetics by using rate equations and obtain expressions for the nanowire mean lifetime and the Nv(t), Nh(t), Pv(t), and Ph(t) dependences. These expressions are found to conform well to the simulation data, which implies a Poissonian random appearance of the first few vacancies and holes in the nanowire.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JMEP...23.2858O"><span id="translatedtitle">Material Parameters for Creep <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of Austenitic Stainless Steel Foils</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Osman, H.; Borhana, A.; Tamin, M. N.</p> <p>2014-08-01</p> <p>Creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> properties of austenitic stainless steel foil, 347SS, used in compact recuperators have been evaluated at 700 °C in the stress range of 54-221 MPa to establish the baseline behavior for its extended use. Creep curves of the foil show that the primary creep stage is brief and creep life is dominated by tertiary creep deformation with <span class="hlt">rupture</span> lives in the range of 10-2000 h. Results are compared with properties of bulk specimens tested at 98 and 162 MPa. Thin foil 347SS specimens were found to have higher creep rates and higher <span class="hlt">rupture</span> ductility than their bulk specimen counterparts. Power law relationship was obtained between the minimum creep rate and the applied stress with stress exponent value, n = 5.7. The value of the stress exponent is indicative of the rate-controlling deformation mechanism associated with dislocation creep. Nucleation of voids mainly occurred at second-phase particles (chromium-rich M23C6 carbides) that are present in the metal matrix by decohesion of the particle-matrix interface. The improvement in strength is attributed to the precipitation of fine niobium carbides in the matrix that act as obstacles to the movement of dislocations.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFM.S43C2273B"><span id="translatedtitle">Toward source characterization of local supershear <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in dip-slip faults</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Baumann, C. F.; Dalguer, L. A.</p> <p>2011-12-01</p> <p>The speed at which a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagates is an important factor that contributes to determine the character of the ground motion. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> speeds are bounded at the upper end by the maximum speed at which stresses are transmitted through the rock. Most earthquake <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> propagate with velocities slower than the S-wave speed, while studies of some earthquake data, lab and theoretical physical models reveal the occurrence of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities exceeding the S-wave speed, i.e. supershear. Most of the attention of those studies has been given to large strike slip faults, because earthquakes in long faults predominantly <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in mode II, in which super-shear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed is most likely to occur (see for instance Dalguer et al in this session) Little attention has been given to evaluate the possibility and importance of the occurrence of supershear speed in dip-slip faults. Though <span class="hlt">rupture</span> along the length of dipping faults predominantly <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in mode III, there is also a portion of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> that propagate along the dip (mode II direction) in which supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed may take place. Here we evaluate this possibility and quantitatively characterize the areas of supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed in dip-slip faults. For such a purpose we develop suite of earthquake source physics-based dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> models. Stress distribution prior to earthquakes was assumed to be stochastic with heterogeneous stress consistent, in a statistical sense, with past earthquakes. We performed series of numerical simulations in 45° dipping normal faults with fault area between 30x20 Km, and 200x28 Km. The resulting earthquakes cover a range magnitude Mw = 5.29-7.89. Our dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulations reveal that in <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagating along heterogeneities stress fields, the stress waves ahead of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> front encounter patches of pre-stress close to the yielding criteria. If these waves have sufficient amplitude, they can trigger short-lived periods of secondary <span class="hlt">rupture</span> that can trigger localized supershear propagation. In the current simulations, this localized area is limited to areas along the width of the fault at the hypocenter zone, and increases with the earthquake size. For magnitude in the range 6.3 <= Mw <= 7.5 this area increase respectively from 1% to 10% of the total <span class="hlt">rupture</span> area. Our final goal is to identify signatures of this localized supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed on seismograms to assess the level and variability of ground motion in a certain area for seismic hazard and risk mitigation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2885534"><span id="translatedtitle">Blood flow characteristics in a terminal basilar tip aneurysm prior to its fatal <span class="hlt">rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sforza, D.M.; Putman, C.M.; Scrivano, E.; Lylyk, P.; Cebral, J.R.</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Background and Purpose The development and validation of methods to stratify the risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of cerebral aneurysms is highly desired since current treatment risks can exceed the natural risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Because unruptured aneurysms are typically treated before they <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, it is very difficult to connect the proposed risk indices to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an individual aneurysm. The purpose of this case study was to analyze the hemodynamic environment of a saccular aneurysm of the terminal morphology sub-type that was imaged just prior to its <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and to test whether the hemodynamic characteristics would designate this particular aneurysm as at high risk. Methods A patient-specific computational fluid dynamics model was constructed from 3D rotational angiography images acquired just hours before the aneurysm <span class="hlt">ruptured</span>. A pulsatile flow calculation was performed and hemodynamic characteristics previously connected to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> were analyzed. Results It was found that the aneurysm had a concentrated inflow stream, small impingement region, complex intra-aneurysmal flow structure, asymmetric flow split from the parent vessel to the aneurysm and daughter branches, and high levels of aneurysmal wall shear stress near the impaction zone. Conclusions The hemodynamics characteristics observed in this aneurysm right before its <span class="hlt">rupture</span> are consistent with previous studies correlating aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and hemodynamic patterns in saccular and terminal aneurysms. This study supports the notion that hemodynamic information may be used to help stratify the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> risk of cerebral aneurysms. PMID:20150312</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFM.S43C2285W"><span id="translatedtitle">A Fault Evolution Model Including the <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Dynamic Simulation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Wu, Y.; Chen, X.</p> <p>2011-12-01</p> <p>We perform a preliminary numerical simulation of seismicity and stress evolution along a strike-slip fault in a 3D elastic half space. Following work of Ben-Zion (1996), the fault geometry is devised as a vertical plane which is about 70 km long and 17 km wide, comparable to the size of San Andreas Fault around Parkfield. The loading mechanism is described by "backslip" method. The fault failure is governed by a static/kinetic friction law, and induced stress transfer is calculated with Okada's static solution. In order to track the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation in detail, we allow induced stress to propagate through the medium at the shear wave velocity by introducing a distance-dependent time delay to responses to stress changes. Current simulation indicates small to moderate earthquakes following the Gutenberg-Richter law and quasi-periodical characteristic large earthquakes, which are consistent with previous work by others. Next we will consider introducing a more realistic friction law, namely, the laboratory-derived rate- and state- dependent law, which can simulate more realistic and complicated sliding behavior such as the stable and unstable slip, the aseismic sliding and the slip nucleation process. In addition, the long duration of aftershocks is expected to be reproduced due to this time-dependent friction law, which is not available in current seismicity simulation. The other difference from previous work is that we are trying to include the dynamic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in this study. Most previous study on seismicity simulation is based on the static solution when dealing with failure induced stress changes. However, studies of numerical simulation of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics have revealed lots of important details which are missing in the quasi-static/quasi- dynamic simulation. For example, dynamic simulations indicate that the slip on the ground surface becomes larger if the dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process reaches the free surface. The concentration of stress on the propagating crack tip keeps the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> continuing easily. Therefore, comparing with the current simulation, we expect a different stress evolution after a large earthquake in a short time scale, which is very essential for the short-term prediction. Once the model is successfully constructed, we intend to apply it to the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield segment. We try to simulate the seismicity evolution and the distribution of coseismic and postseismic slip and interseismic creep in the past decades. We expect to reproduce some specific events and slip distributions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/r57438x936247885.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Can Surgeons Assess CT Suitability for Endovascular Repair (EVAR) in <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm? Implications for a <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> EVAR Trial</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Harjeet Rayt; Kelly Lambert; Matthew Bown; Guy Fishwick; Robert Morgan; Mark McCarthy; Nick London; Robert Sayers</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this study was to determine whether surgeons without formal radiological training are able to assess suitability\\u000a of patients with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) for EVAR. The CT scans of 20 patients with AAA were reviewed under\\u000a timed conditions by six vascular surgeons. Twenty minutes was allocated per scan. They were asked to determine if each aneurysm</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/26174581"><span id="translatedtitle">Carotid Atheroma <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Observed In Vivo and FSI-Predicted Stress Distribution Based on Pre-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> Imaging</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Joseph R. Leach; Vitaliy L. Rayz; Bruno Soares; Max Wintermark; Mohammad R. K. Mofrad; David Saloner</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Atherosclerosis at the carotid bifurcation is a major risk factor for stroke. As mechanical forces may impact lesion stability,\\u000a finite element studies have been conducted on models of diseased vessels to elucidate the effects of lesion characteristics\\u000a on the stresses within plaque materials. It is hoped that patient-specific biomechanical analyses may serve clinically to\\u000a assess the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> potential for any</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010AGUFM.G33A0843M"><span id="translatedtitle">Splay fault surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> triggered by the 2010 Chile earthquake</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Melnick, D.; Moreno, M.; Motagh, M.; Cisternas, M.</p> <p>2010-12-01</p> <p>Faults that splay from megathrusts have been imaged at several active plate boundaries and observed on exposed fossil sections. Due to their steep dip, slip along such structures triggered by a megathrust earthquake may enhance near-field tsunami waves and shorten arrival times. However, motion of splay faults and their role on seismotectonic segmentation has remained elusive due to their predominant offshore location and few historical accounts. Though splay fault slip has been inferred during the 2004 Sumatra and other events, surface <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> triggered by the 1964 M9.2 Alaska earthquake have been the only documented so far. Here we use field, geodetic and InSAR data to document surface fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and coastal tilting at Isla Santa Maria (ISM; 37S) during the M8.8 earthquake of February 27, 2010. We integrate the observed deformation with previous knowledge of the regional structure to propose triggering of a splay fault. ISM is 75 km inland from the trench, at the intersection of the Arauco Bay and Santa María fault systems (SMFS), both consisting of blind reverse faults that propagate folds. The SMFS is associated to a cluster of microseismicity extending from the plate interface at 15 km to 2 km depth. An offshore seismic reflection profile across this cluster images a main reverse fault with a flat-ramp-flat structure shortcutting to the footwall. The 2010 surface breaks extend across the entire northern part of the island for 900 m, divided in two domains of ENE-WSW oriented structures separated by an E-W striking transfer zone. Each domain consists of faults and fractures with en echelon patterns, with a maximum normal vertical displacement of 80 cm. The geometry of surface <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> is consistent with dextral transtensional kinematics. We associate the surface breaks to transpressional growth of the fault-cored anticline northeast of ISM; transtension at the surface relates to fold bending. Surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was accompanied by 1.6-2.2 m of coastal uplift and a northward tilt revealed by ALOS InSAR data, biomarkers, campaign GPS, and leveling of a benchmark. This pattern of tilting mimics that of emerged late Holocene beach ridges, and is rather associated to motion along the Arauco Bay fault. Both systems may have been triggered by the megathrust event. Alternatively, it could arise at the sharp edge of a patch of high megathrust slip. Prominent rush of fluids from the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> started during the Maule earthquake and continued for weeks. A small lake adjacent to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, dry during summer droughts, became filled by the offspring. The flat morphology leads to small drainage basins with barely sufficient water to supply inhabitants during dry summer months suggesting that fluids rose through the fault from deeper levels in the crust. The SMFS is associated to the position of a paleo backstop structure, which limited an older deformable domain from the stable continental framework. The SMFS branches upward near the updip limit of the seismogenic zone, where fluids are expelled from mineral transformations. The Maule earthquake may have released trapped fluids at depth, which migrated through the splay fault reducing its friction and facilitating fault slip and surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19980029715&hterms=Earthquake&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D90%26Ntt%3DEarthquake"><span id="translatedtitle">Systematic Underestimation of Earthquake Magnitudes from Large Intracontinental Reverse Faults: Historical <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> Break Across Segment Boundaries</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Rubin, C. M.</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>Because most large-magnitude earthquakes along reverse faults have such irregular and complicated <span class="hlt">rupture</span> patterns, reverse-fault segments defined on the basis of geometry alone may not be very useful for estimating sizes of future seismic sources. Most modern large <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> of historical earthquakes generated by intracontinental reverse faults have involved geometrically complex <span class="hlt">rupture</span> patterns. <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> across surficial discontinuities and complexities such as stepovers and cross-faults are common. Specifically, segment boundaries defined on the basis of discontinuities in surficial fault traces, pronounced changes in the geomorphology along strike, or the intersection of active faults commonly have not proven to be major impediments to <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Assuming that the seismic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> will initiate and terminate at adjacent major geometric irregularities will commonly lead to underestimation of magnitudes of future large earthquakes.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4407934"><span id="translatedtitle">Total <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of hydatid cyst of liver in to common bile duct: a case report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Robleh, Hassan; Yassine, Fahmi; Driss, Khaiz; Khalid, Elhattabi; Fatima-zahra, Bensardi; Saad, Berrada; Rachid, Lefriyekh; Abdalaziz, Fadil; Najib, Zerouali Ouariti</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of hydatid liver cyst into biliary tree is frequent complications that involvethe common hepatic duct, lobar biliary branches, the small intrahepatic bile ducts,but rarely <span class="hlt">rupture</span> into common bile duct. The <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of hydatid cyst is serious life threating event. The authors are reporting a case of total <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of hydatid cyst of liver into common bile duct. A 50-year-old male patient who presented with acute cholangitis was diagnosed as a case of totally <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of hydatid cyst on Abdominal CT Scan. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of hydatid cyst of liver into common bile duct and the gallbladder was confirmed on surgery. Treated by cholecystectomy and T-tube drainage of Common bileduct. PMID:25932083</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20616276"><span id="translatedtitle">Contrasting décollement and prism properties over the Sumatra 2004-2005 earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> boundary.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Dean, Simon M; McNeill, Lisa C; Henstock, Timothy J; Bull, Jonathan M; Gulick, Sean P S; Austin, James A; Bangs, Nathan L B; Djajadihardja, Yusuf S; Permana, Haryadi</p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>Styles of subduction zone deformation and earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics are strongly linked, jointly influencing hazard potential. Seismic reflection profiles across the trench west of Sumatra, Indonesia, show differences across the boundary between the major 2004 and 2005 plate interface earthquakes, which exhibited contrasting earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and tsunami generation. In the southern part of the 2004 <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, we interpret a negative-polarity sedimentary reflector approximately 500 meters above the subducting oceanic basement as the seaward extension of the plate interface. This predécollement reflector corresponds to unusual prism structure, morphology, and seismogenic behavior that are absent along the 2005 <span class="hlt">rupture</span> zone. Although margins like the 2004 <span class="hlt">rupture</span> zone are globally rare, our results suggest that sediment properties influence earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, tsunami hazard, and prism development at subducting plate boundaries. PMID:20616276</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2799964"><span id="translatedtitle">A Case of Pathologic Splenic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> as the Initial Manifestation of Acute Myeloid Leukemia M2</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Han, Ji-Sun; Oh, Sung Yong; Kim, Sung-Hyun; Kwon, Hyuk-Chan; Hong, Sook Hee; Han, Jin Yeong; Park, Ki-Jae</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>A pathologic splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> refers to a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> without trauma. A splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> as the initial manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia is extremely rare. In this study, we described a rare case of acute myeloid leukemia presenting principally as an acute abdomen due to a pathologic splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a 35-year old male patient. We can assert that a pathologic splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in hematologic diseases is a potentially life-threatening complication, which necessitates immediate operative intervention. Any such patient complaining about left upper abdominal tenderness should be closely observed, and further diagnostic investigations (ultrasonograph of the abdomen, abdominal CT scan) should be initiated in order to rule out a splenic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The oncologist should be aware of this rare initial presentation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) M2, as the condition generally necessitates a prompt splenectomy. PMID:20046528</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3679219"><span id="translatedtitle">The Role of Geometric and Biomechanical Factors in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Risk Assessment</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Raut, Samarth S.; Chandra, Santanu; Shum, Judy; Finol, Ender A.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>The current clinical management of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease is based to a great extent on measuring the aneurysm maximum diameter to decide when timely intervention is required. Decades of clinical evidence show that aneurysm diameter is positively associated with the risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, but other parameters may also play a role in causing or predisposing the AAA to <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Geometric factors such as vessel tortuosity, intraluminal thrombus volume, and wall surface area are implicated in the differentiation of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> and unruptured AAAs. Biomechanical factors identified by means of computational modeling techniques, such as peak wall stress, have been positively correlated with <span class="hlt">rupture</span> risk with a higher accuracy and sensitivity than maximum diameter alone. The objective of this review is to examine these factors, which are found to influence AAA disease progression, clinical management and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> potential, as well as to highlight on-going research by our group in aneurysm modeling and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> risk assessment. PMID:23508633</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3953527"><span id="translatedtitle">Acute Simultaneous <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Patellar Tendon</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Lee, Gwang Chul; Park, Sung-Hae</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Acute simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patellar tendon is a rare injury. We present a case report of a 32-year-old male patient with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> ACL and ipsilateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> sustained while playing baseball. Surgery was performed on the patellar tendon and the ACL simultaneously. The clinical and radiological outcomes of the treatment were successful. We present this case with a review of the literatures. PMID:24639949</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28979182"><span id="translatedtitle">Incidence of Major Tendon <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears in US Army Soldiers</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Daniel W. White; Joseph C. Wenke; Dan S. Mosely; Sally B. Mountcastle; Carl J. Basamania</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>Background: Although a rare event, the prevalence of major tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has increased in recent decades. Identification of risk factors is important for prevention purposes.Hypothesis: Race is a risk factor for major tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>.Study Design: Cohort study (prevalence); Level of evidence, 2.Methods: All patients admitted for surgical management of a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a major tendon at Womack Army Medical Center,</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/24695001"><span id="translatedtitle">Neglected patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: a case of reconstruction without quadriceps lengthening</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>D. Bek; B. Demiralp; M. Kömürcü; A. ?ehirlio?lu</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Neglected <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the patellar tendon is a rare, can be easily missed in a group of patients. We present a 24 year old,\\u000a male patient who sustained right femoral diaphyseal and tibial plateau fractures and a patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> following a\\u000a motor vehicle accident. The fractures were treated by open reduction internal fixation but the patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31851536"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous Tendon <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Ivana Juric; Sanjin Racki; Petar Kes</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>Spontaneous tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have been occasionally reported. We describe the largest group of patients with spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of major tendons so far reported. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of 16 tendons occurred in 9 patients. The mean patient age was 52.78 years; 77.7% were male. Four patients were treated with hemodialysis, 4 received a renal transplant and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/24t4241m1332269w.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Reconstruction of chronic patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with contralateral BTB autograft: a case report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Miroslav Z. Milankov; Natasa Miljkovic; Milan Stankovic</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>Chronic patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rare disabling injury that is technically difficult to repair. Many different surgical\\u000a methods have been reported for the reconstruction of chronic patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. We are reporting the use of contralateral\\u000a bone-tendon-bone (BTB) autograft for chronic patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> reconstruction followed by double-wire loop reinforcement\\u000a and without postoperative immobilization. One year after the operation,</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1850160"><span id="translatedtitle">Localization of Apoptotic Macrophages at the Site of Plaque <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> in Sudden Coronary Death</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Kolodgie, Frank D.; Narula, Jagat; Burke, Allen P.; Haider, Nezam; Farb, Andrew; Hui-Liang, You; Smialek, John; Virmani, Renu</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>Although apoptosis is a well-recognized phenomenon in chronic atherosclerotic disease, its role in sudden coronary death, in particular, acute plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is unknown. Culprit lesions from 40 cases of sudden coronary death were evaluated. Cases were divided into two mechanisms of death: <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> plaques with acute thrombosis (n = 25) and stable plaques with and without healed myocardial infarction (n = 15). Apoptotic cells were identified by staining of fragmented DNA and confirmed in select cases by gold conjugate labeling combined with ultrastructural analysis. Additional studies were performed to examine the expression and activation of two inducers of apoptosis, caspases-1 and -3. <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> plaques showed extensive macrophage infiltration of the fibrous cap, in particular at <span class="hlt">rupture</span> sites contrary to stable lesions, which contained fewer inflammatory cells. Among the culprit lesions, the overall incidence of apoptosis in fibrous caps was significantly greater in <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> plaques (P < 0.001) and was predominantly localized to the CD68-positive macrophages. Furthermore, apoptosis at plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span> sites was more frequent than in areas of intact fibrous cap (P = 0.028). Plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span> sites demonstrated a strong immunoreactivity to caspase-1 within the apoptotic macrophages; staining for caspase-3 was weak. Immunoblot analysis of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> plaques demonstrated caspase-1 up-regulation and the presence of its active p20 subunit whereas stable lesions showed only the precursor; nonatherosclerotic control segments were negative for both precursor and active enzyme. These findings demonstrate extensive apoptosis of macrophages limited to the site of plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The proteolytic cleavage of caspase-1 in <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> plaques suggests activation of this apoptotic precursor. Whether macrophage apoptosis is essential to acute plaque <span class="hlt">rupture</span> or is a response to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> itself remains to be determined. PMID:11021830</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15221069"><span id="translatedtitle">[Paragliding-associated bilateral partial <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the rectus femoris muscle].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Schulze Bertelsbeck, D; Veelken, D</p> <p>2004-12-01</p> <p>Pain in the thigh or groin due to a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the rectus femoris muscle is rather uncommon. We report on a patient with a bilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the rectus femoris muscle that occurred due to a landing maneuver while para-gliding. The diagnosis was confirmed by ultrasound and MRI. Additionally, an old unilateral anterior cruciate ligament <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was present. As a functional deficit of the quadriceps muscle could not be observed, a primarily conservative treatment seems to be appropriate. PMID:15221069</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li class="active"><span>21</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_21 --> <div id="page_22" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li class="active"><span>22</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="421"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008PhDT.......100G"><span id="translatedtitle">Field, laboratory, and theoretical investigations of fault <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Griffith, William Ashley</p> <p></p> <p>Examination of faults exhumed from seismic depths to the surface of the earth provides high resolution, continuous access to meso- and micro-scale structure that is difficult or impossible to resolve for faults at depth. Quantitative integration of field observations of fault structure with analytical, theoretical and laboratory models allow structural geologists to provide constraints on the mechanics of earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a dynamic sense. Field maps and thin section observations document the occurrence of pseudotachylyte (solidified melt produced during seismic slip) on small, sub-vertical strike-slip faults in granitoid rocks of the central Sierra Nevada. Measurements from these faults are used to provide constraints on ambient conditions during seismic faulting. The pseudotachylytes are less than 0.3 mm thick and are found in faults typically up to 1 cm in thickness, and total measured left-lateral offset along sampled faults is approximately 20 cm. Field and microstructural evidence indicate that the faults exploited pre-existing mineralized joints and show the following overprinting structures: mylonites more or less coeval with quartz veins, cataclasites and pseudotachylytes more or less coeval with epidote veins, and zeolite veins. Based on observations of the microstructural textures of faults combined with theoretical heat transfer and energy budget calculations, it is suggested that only a fraction (<30%) of the total offset was associated with seismic slip. The elusive nature of these pseudotachylytes demonstrates that observations in outcrop and optical microscope are not sufficient to rule out frictional melting as a consequence of seismic slip in similar fault rocks. The static stress drop is estimated on small exhumed strike-slip faults in the vicinity of the faults described in the first chapter. The faults are exposed in outcrop along their entire tip-to-tip lengths of 8-12 m. The contribution of seismic slip to the total slip along the studied cataclasite-bearing small faults may be further constrained than the previous chapter estimate (<7 cm) by measuring the length of epidote-filled, rhombohedral dilatational jogs (rhombochasms) distributed semi-periodically along the length of the faults. This affords measurement of both the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> length and slip, yielding stress drop calculations ranging from 90 to 250 MPa, i.e., one to two orders of magnitude larger than typical seismological estimates for earthquakes. These inferred seismic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> occurred along small, deep-seated faults, and, given the calculated stress drops and observations that brittle faults exploited joints sealed by quartz-bearing mylonite, we conclude that these were "strong" faults. The Bear Creek fault zones localize outcrop-scale damage into tabular zones between two sub parallel boundary faults, producing a fracture-induced material contrast across the boundary faults with softer rocks between the boundary faults and intact granodiorite outside. Using detailed mapping and microstructural analysis of small fault zones to build and constrain numerical effective medium experiments, the effect of mesoscopic (outcrop-scale) damage zone fractures on the effective isotropic elastic moduli of the fault rocks is evaluated, showing that the bulk response of the fractured damage zone is strain-weakening, and can be as much as 75% more compliant than the unfractured granodiorite. Observations of the geometry and distribution of pseudotachylyte veins along faults in multiple field areas motivated the investigation of the growth of tensile microcracks in Homalite-100 around sub-rayleigh experimental shear <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> (Laboratory Earthquakes) propagating along an interface with frictional and cohesive strength. Opening microcracks were produced only along one side of the interface where they were associated with transient tensile stress perturbation due to the propagating shear <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The orientation of microcracks is related to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity and the ambient static stress field. The results of this study provide a rat</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASA-TRS&redirectUrl=http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20070019695"><span id="translatedtitle">Strain Measurement Using FBG on COPV in Stress <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Test</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Banks, Curtis; Grant, Joseph</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) was requested to perform ambient temperature hydrostatic pressurization testing of a Space Transportation System (STS) 40-in. Kevlar Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessel (COPV). The 40-in. vessel was of the same design and approximate age as the STS Main Propulsion System (MPS) and Orbiter Maneuvering System (OMS) vessels. The NASA Engineering Safety Center (NESC) assembled a team of experts and conducted an assessment that involved a review of national Kevlar COPY data. During the review, the STS COPVs were found to be beyond their original certification of ten years. The team observed that the likelihood of STS COPV Stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, a catastrophic burst before leak failure mode, was greater than previously believed. Consequently, a detailed assessment of remaining stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> life became necessary. Prior to STS-114, a certification deviation was written for two flights of OV-103 (Discovery) and OV-104 (Atlantis) per rationale that was based on an extensive review of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories, COPV data, and revisions to the STS COPV stress levels. In order to obtain flight rationale to extend the certification deviation through the end of the Program, the Orbiter Project Office has directed an interagency COPV team to conduct further testing and analysis to investigate conservatism in the stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> model and evaluate material age degradation. Additional analysis of stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> life requires understanding the fiber stresses including stress that occurs due to thru-wall composite compression in COPV components. Data must be obtained at both zero gauge pressure (pre-stress) and at the component operating pressure so that this phenomenon can be properly evaluated. The zero gauge pressure stresses are predominantly a result of the autofrettage process used during vessel manufacture. Determining these pre-stresses and the constitutive behavior of the overwrap at pressure will provide necessary information to better predict the remaining life of the STS COPVs. The primary test objective is obtaining data to verify the hypothesis of a radially oriented thru-thickness stress-riser in the COPV composite whose magnitude is a function of the applied pressure and the load history. The anticipated load dependent response follows from the constitutive behavior of the composite overwrap so data to quantify its nonlinear and time dependent response will be sought. The objective of the Fiber Braggs Gratings (FBGs) were to advance the state-of-the-art by developing techniques using FBG sensors that are capable of assessing stress-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> degradation in Kevlar COPVs in a health monitoring mode (1). Moreover, they sought to answer questions of how embedded sensors affect overall integrity of the structure. And lastly, they sought to provide an important link in the overall stress <span class="hlt">rupture</span> study that will help close the loop on the COPV fabrication process. NDE inspection methods will be used from start to finish and FBG will be an integral link within the overall chain.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.T41D..02B"><span id="translatedtitle">Variable land-level changes at a non-persistent megathrust <span class="hlt">rupture</span> boundary, Sitkinak Island, Alaska</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Briggs, R. W.; Engelhart, S. E.; Nelson, A. R.; Kemp, A.; Haeussler, P. J.; Dura, T.</p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>Fault-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> segmentation models require paleoseismic data to validate inferred <span class="hlt">rupture</span> boundaries. We examined the southwestern end of the 1964 Mw 9.2 <span class="hlt">rupture</span> along the Alaska-Aleutian megathrust to test the prehistoric persistence of this historical <span class="hlt">rupture</span> boundary. On Sitkinak Island in the Trinity Islands, 20 hand-collected cores and tidal outcrops beneath tidal and freshwater marshes reveal five abrupt lithologic contacts that record a mixed record of coseismic uplift (3 events) and subsidence (2 events) in the last ~1000 years. Diatom and foraminiferal assemblages in modern and core material obtained from the southwestern Sitkinak lagoon indicate rapid uplift ca. AD 1788 and just prior to 575 × 65 cal yr and 735 × 65 cal yr; and rapid subsidence in AD 1964 and soon after ~735 cal yr as constrained by 14C ages and tephra correlation. Because the northern coast of Sitkinak was reportedly uplifted in AD 1964 and the island is currently subsiding interseismically above a locked patch of the megathrust, we interpret coseismic subsidence as representing the along-strike transition from elastic uplift to subsidence at the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> boundary; this implies that the AD 1964 zero uplift isobase crosses the island. Similar behavior has been observed during large megathrust <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in Indonesia and the Solomon Islands and is predicted by elastic dislocation models. A sand bed traced inland 1.5 km and bracketed with 14C, 137Cs, and 210Pb ages was most likely deposited by a tsunami associated with megathrust <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in 1788. Historical records suggest that the AD 1788 <span class="hlt">rupture</span> extended from the southwest at least 100 km northeast to the Russian settlement at Three Saints Bay near Old Harbor, Kodiak Island. The complicated uplift and subsidence record we observe on Sitkinak Island, interpreted in the context of historical reports of the AD 1788 <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, is consistent with at least three <span class="hlt">rupture</span> segmentation models. In Model A, Sitkinak is located at a boundary for 1964- and 1788-type <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. A complication with Model A is that it requires 1788-type <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> to extend at least 100 km into the AD 1964 <span class="hlt">rupture</span> area. Model B assumes coseismic uplift for large megathrust events on Sitkinak, with subsidence accompanying only updip <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> or upper-plate deformation. Model B is inconsistent with the observation of coseismic subsidence of the southwestern lagoon in AD 1964. At present we prefer Model C, where megathrust <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> end or continue near Sitkinak in a complex, and as yet undetermined, pattern. An implication of our field evidence is that seismic hazard models should relax the assumption that the AD 1964 <span class="hlt">rupture</span> endpoint is persistent.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2723702"><span id="translatedtitle">BILATERAL PATELLAR TENDON <span class="hlt">RUPTURE</span> AT DIFFERENT SITES WITHOUT PREDISPOSING SYSTEMIC DISEASE OR STEROID USE</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Taylor, Benjamin C.; Tancev, Alex; Fowler, Ty</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>Simultaneous bilateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are extremely rare, and even more rare in patients without systemic disease. We describe bilateral simultaneous patellar tendon disruptions in the absence of systemic disease or steroid usage, with one tendon disruption at the inferior pole and the other an intrasubstance tear. The different locations of the <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are also exceedingly rare, as only two cases of non-identical <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> have ever been reported. We also review all bilateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> case reports from English and German literature. PMID:19742095</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JNuM..445...78Y"><span id="translatedtitle">Reduction in the onset time of breakaway oxidation on Zircaloy cladding <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> under simulated LOCA conditions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Yamato, Masaaki; Nagase, Fumihisa; Amaya, Masaki</p> <p>2014-02-01</p> <p>Breakaway oxidation, which is characterized by sudden increases in oxidation rate and significant hydrogen absorption after longer exposure in high-temperature steam, was examined for the ballooned and <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cladding. Short test rods with PWR-type Zircaloy-4 cladding were heated in steam and oxidized at 1273 K for periods from 1200 to 3600 s after ballooning and <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The breakaway oxidation was observed after more than 1500 s in the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cladding whereas it was observed after more than 3600 s in the non-<span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cladding at this temperature.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25364474"><span id="translatedtitle">A rare case of oesophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: Boerhaave's syndrome.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>van der Weg, Gerben; Wikkeling, Marald; van Leeuwen, Maarten; Ter Avest, Ewoud</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>A 70-year-old patient was referred to our emergency department with severe retrosternal pain after forceful vomiting. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a left-sided oesophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with accompanying pneumomediastinum and bilateral pleural effusions. Conservative treatment with cessation of oral intake, intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics, parenteral fluids and nutrition and left sided tube thoracostomy was initiated initially. After 5 days, however, the patient deteriorated. Follow-up CT scan demonstrated a mediastinal fluid collection as well as loculated pleural empyema. Open thoracotomy with mediastinal debridement and pleural drainage was performed, after which he made a slow but full recovery. Spontaneous oesophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> due to an abrupt rise in intraluminal pressure caused by vomiting is also known as Boerhaave's syndrome. It is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition. Many patients present with atypical symptoms, and therefore, physicians should have a high index of suspicion in any patient presenting with vomiting and retrosternal pain. When Boerhaave's syndrome is suspected, a CT scan of the thorax and upper abdomen should be performed since treatment depends on clinical and radiological findings. Conservative management (cessation of oral intake, nasogastric decompression, administration of intravenous fluids and parenteral nutrition, intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors and tube thoracostomies) may only be considered in patients with a contained <span class="hlt">rupture</span> without systematic symptoms of infection. In these patients, endoscopic bridging of the tear with a self-expandable stent is also an option. Primary surgical repair (either by thoracotomy or by video assisted thoracoscopy (VATS)) should be considered when patients present with sepsis and/or large non-contained leaks or with severe mediastinal decontamination. PMID:25364474</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4215748"><span id="translatedtitle">A rare case of oesophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: Boerhaave's syndrome</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>A 70-year-old patient was referred to our emergency department with severe retrosternal pain after forceful vomiting. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a left-sided oesophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with accompanying pneumomediastinum and bilateral pleural effusions. Conservative treatment with cessation of oral intake, intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics, parenteral fluids and nutrition and left sided tube thoracostomy was initiated initially. After 5 days, however, the patient deteriorated. Follow-up CT scan demonstrated a mediastinal fluid collection as well as loculated pleural empyema. Open thoracotomy with mediastinal debridement and pleural drainage was performed, after which he made a slow but full recovery. Spontaneous oesophageal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> due to an abrupt rise in intraluminal pressure caused by vomiting is also known as Boerhaave's syndrome. It is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition. Many patients present with atypical symptoms, and therefore, physicians should have a high index of suspicion in any patient presenting with vomiting and retrosternal pain. When Boerhaave's syndrome is suspected, a CT scan of the thorax and upper abdomen should be performed since treatment depends on clinical and radiological findings. Conservative management (cessation of oral intake, nasogastric decompression, administration of intravenous fluids and parenteral nutrition, intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors and tube thoracostomies) may only be considered in patients with a contained <span class="hlt">rupture</span> without systematic symptoms of infection. In these patients, endoscopic bridging of the tear with a self-expandable stent is also an option. Primary surgical repair (either by thoracotomy or by video assisted thoracoscopy (VATS)) should be considered when patients present with sepsis and/or large non-contained leaks or with severe mediastinal decontamination. PMID:25364474</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4503596"><span id="translatedtitle">Interleukin-6 as a Prognostic Biomarker in <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Intracranial Aneurysms</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Kao, Hung-Wen; Kuo, Chen-Ling; Huang, Ching-Shan; Tseng, Wan-Min; Lin, Ching-Po</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Background Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a proinflammatory cytokine, was found to surge in the cerebral spinal fluid after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We hypothesized that the plasma level of IL-6 could be an independent biomarker in predicting clinical outcome of patients with <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> intracranial aneurysm. Methods We prospectively included 53 consecutive patients treated with platinum coil embolization of the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> intracranial aneurysm. Plasma IL-6 levels were measured in the blood samples at the orifices of the aneurysms and from peripheral veins. The outcome measure was the modified Rankin Scale one month after SAH. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the associations between the plasma IL-6 levels and the neurological outcome. Results Significant risk factors for the poor outcome were old age, low Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) on day 0, high Fisher grades, and high aneurysmal and venous IL-6 levels in univariate analyses. Aneurysmal IL-6 levels showed modest to moderate correlations with GCS on day 0, vasospasm grade and Fisher grade. A strong correlation was found between the aneurysmal and the corresponding venous IL-6 levels (? = 0.721; P<0.001). In the multiple logistic regression models, the poor 30-day mRS was significantly associated with high aneurysmal IL-6 level (OR, 17.97; 95% CI, 1.51–214.33; P = 0.022) and marginally associated with high venous IL-6 level (OR, 12.71; 95% CI, 0.90–180.35; P = 0.022) after adjusting for dichotomized age, GCS on day 0, and vasospasm and Fisher grades. Conclusions The plasma level of IL-6 is an independent prognostic biomarker that could be used to aid in the identification of patients at high-risk of poor neurological outcome after <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the intracranial aneurysm. PMID:26176774</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22724651"><span id="translatedtitle">[Unattended fatal haemorrhage associated with spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of peripheral varicosity].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hejna, P; Ublova, M; Straka, L; Zatopkova, L</p> <p>2012-04-01</p> <p>Crural ulcers are found in 3-5 % of the population, venous ulcers appear in 0,15-2 % of the population. Acute hemorrhage from venous ulcer is a rare complication which can lead to unattended and rapid external blood loss. Herein we present a case of 65-year-old man who was found in the kitchen of his flat in a large pool of blood with blood-tinged simple bandage applied on the right leg. At autopsy was revealed <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of varicose vein at the base of large venous ulcer leading to fatal haemorrhage. PMID:22724651</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25102494"><span id="translatedtitle">Reconstruction of neglected patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> using the quadriceps graft.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Gomes, João Luiz Ellera; de Oliveira Alves, Jairo André; Zimmermann, José Mauro</p> <p>2014-08-01</p> <p>Several techniques using different grafts have been described for reconstruction of the patellar tendon after a neglected <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Retraction of the quadriceps tendon may compromise repair integrity due to progressive stretching of the graft. The authors present a surgical technique using the central one-third of the quadriceps tendon. This is supported by the fact that the resistance to traction of this segment of the quadriceps tendon equals that of a double-looped semitendinosus graft and that the harvesting of this specific graft promotes muscle inhibition, thus protecting the reconstruction during the recovery period. PMID:25102494</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/659228"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> loop annex ion exchange RLAIX vault deactivation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Ham, J.E.; Harris, D.L., Westinghouse Hanford</p> <p>1996-08-01</p> <p>This engineering report documents the deactivation, stabilization and final conditions of the <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Loop Annex Ion Exchange (RLAIX) Vault located northwest of the 309 Building`s Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor (PRTR). Twelve ion exchange columns, piping debris, and column liquid were removed from the vault, packaged and shipped for disposal. The vault walls and floor were decontaminated, and portions of the vault were painted to fix loose contamination. Process piping and drains were plugged, and the cover blocks and rain cover were installed. Upon closure,the vault was empty, stabilized, isolated.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25852958"><span id="translatedtitle">Laparoscopic treatment of a spontaneously <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> kidney (wunderlich syndrome).</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Bretterbauer, Katharina Maria; Marki?, Dean; Colleselli, Daniela; Hruby, Stephan; Magdy, Ahmed; Janetschek, Günter; Mitterberger, Michael Josef</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Spontaneous, nontraumatic retroperitoneal hemorrhage or Wunderlich syndrome (WS) is a rare but potential life-threatening condition. In most patients a bleeding renal neoplasm is the cause of the retroperitoneal hematoma. The management of this condition includes a conservative approach in the hemodynamically stable patients and active treatment in the unstable patients. Active treatment includes angioembolization or surgery. If angioembolization is not available open surgery is in most cases the preferred approach. We present a patient with a spontaneously <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> kidney due to a central renal angiomyolipoma, which was treated by laparoscopic nephrectomy. PMID:25852958</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26047751"><span id="translatedtitle">[Biliary peritonitis after traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a choledochal cyst].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Bouali, O; Trabanino, C; Abbo, O; Destombes, L; Baunin, C; Galinier, P</p> <p>2015-07-01</p> <p>Choledochal cysts are rare congenital malformations of the biliary tract. Traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a choledochal cyst can be misleading. An 11-year-old boy was admitted for peritonitis and intestinal occlusion after blunt abdominal trauma, evolving over 48 h. Laparotomy revealed bile ascites and a suspected duodenal perforation. After referral to our center, a CT scan showed a perforated choledochal cyst. Six months later, a complete excision of the cyst was successfully performed. This treatment is mandatory because of the risk of further complications such as lithiasis, pancreatitis, cholangitis, biliary cirrhosis, and malignant transformation (cholangiocarcinoma). PMID:26047751</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25727600"><span id="translatedtitle">Zone 3 <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> globe from a dog bite.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Erickson, Benjamin P; Cavuoto, Kara; Rachitskaya, Aleksandra</p> <p>2015-02-01</p> <p>Periocular injuries from dog bites are relatively common in school-age children, but intraocular trauma is exceedingly rare. We present a 7-year-old boy who sustained a zone 3 <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> globe injury after attack by a Perro de Presa Canario. At presentation, visual acuity in the injured eye was counting fingers. Surgical exploration revealed an inferotemporal corneoscleral laceration extending 15 mm posterior to the limbus, with protrusion of uveal tissue, which was repaired. Visual acuity improved to 20/40 by the first postoperative month. PMID:25727600</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1956001"><span id="translatedtitle">Pathogenesis of the "sentinel headache" preceding berry aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Ball, M. J.</p> <p>1975-01-01</p> <p>Pathologic examination in a case of fatal intracerebral hemorrhage from a berry aneurysm showed that the "sentinel" or warning headache in this patient was due to the leakage of blood into the subarachnoid space through a previous small tear in the wall of her saccular aneurysm. Oribital pain, transient, dysphasia, dizziness and, later, meningismus might have prompted the performing of a lumbar puncture to determine the presence of blood in the cerebrospinal fluid. This type of event is the likely pathogenetic mechanism for the premonitory headache that may precede a lethal <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a saccular aneurysm. Images FIG. 1 FIG. 2 FIG. 3 FIG. 4 PMID:1109729</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/cond-mat/0208023v1"><span id="translatedtitle">Extensional <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of model non-Newtonian fluid filaments</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Joel Koplik; Jayanth R. Banavar</p> <p>2002-08-01</p> <p>We present molecular dynamics computer simulations of filaments of model non-Newtonian liquid stretched in a uniaxial deformation to the point of breaking. The liquid consists of Lennard-Jones monomers bound into chains of 100 monomers by nonlinear springs, and several different constant velocity and constant strain rate deformations are considered. Generally we observe nonuniform extensions originating in an interplay between the stretching forces and elastic and capillary restoring mechanisms, leading to highly uneven shapes and alternating stretched and unstretched regions of liquid. Except at the fastest pulling speeds, the filaments continue to thin indefinitely and break only when depleted of molecules, rather than common viscoelastic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> mechanisms.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25293849"><span id="translatedtitle">[Endovascular repair of a <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> abdominal aortic aneurysm.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Stenger, Michael; Duvnjak, Stevo; Akgül, Cengiz; Balezantis, Tomas; Lindholt, Jes S</p> <p>2014-09-01</p> <p>Endovascular repair of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> aortic aneurysm (REVAR) has been used worldwide in high volume centres since 1994. Observational studies indicate that this treatment modality is equally as good as or maybe even better than open surgery. Until recently, open surgery was the only treatment option in Denmark, but since 2012 REVAR has been introduced at Odense University Hospital and is now performed around the clock in eligible patients. We present a case report of the first patient in Denmark treated with REVAR and briefly discuss complications, prognosis and cost-effectiveness. PMID:25293849</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000Tectp.327...15K"><span id="translatedtitle">Surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> mechanism of the October 1, 1995 ( Mw=6.2) Dinar earthquake, SW Turkey</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Koral, H.</p> <p>2000-11-01</p> <p>A moderate earthquake ( Mw=6.2) caused substantial damage in the town of Dinar at 17:57 UT, on October 1, 1995. Surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has been observed to be discontinuous for 10 km along the NW-trending Dinar fault segments. The surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has consisted of nearly vertical cracks up to several tens of meters long and a meter wide that display linear, sigmoidal and anastomosing geometries indicating the mechanism of displacement on the fault plane. Most of these cracks display a dip-slip component of displacement (0.05-0.6 m); those with anastomosing geometries indicate a large dip-slip (>0.25 m). Sigmoidal crack patterns show both right and left strike-slip (rotational) component of displacement and a small dip-slip (<0.25 m). The geometry of the cracks and related modes of slip suggest a 325° oriented horizontal principal stress direction. This direction makes an acute angle with the NW-trending plane of the Dinar fault. This angular difference is the cause of the strike-slip (rotational) movement manifested in the surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and indicated by the focal mechanism solution of the earthquake. Under the influence of this horizontal principal stress direction of compression, firstly en echelon cracks were formed. Then these cracks were modified by a predominantly dip-slip displacement on the Dinar fault; the initial cracks were connected to each other by anastomosing cracks of a second rotational phase. The rotation led the hanging-wall block of the Dinar fault to depart from its dip-slip orientation to an oblique southwesterly direction towards the Mediterranean Sea as suggested by strike and dip-slip indicating cracks.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003EAEJA....13796K"><span id="translatedtitle">Surface <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> and <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Mechanism of the October 1, 1995 (Mw=6.2) Dinar Earthquake, SW Turkey</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Koral, H.</p> <p>2003-04-01</p> <p>A moderate earthquake (Mw= 6.2) caused substantial damage in the town of Dinar at 17:57 UT, on October 1, 1995. Surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has been observed to be discontinuous for 10 km along the NW-trending Dinar fault segments. The surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has consisted of nearly vertical cracks up to several tens of meters long and a meter wide that display linear, sigmoidal and anastomosing geometries indicating the mechanism of displacement on the fault plane. Most of these cracks display a dip-slip component of displacement (0.05-0.6 m); those with anastomosing geometries indicate a large dip-slip (> 0.25 m). Sigmoidal crack patterns show both right and left strike-slip (rotational) component of displacement and a small dip-slip (<0.25 m). The geometry of the cracks and related modes of slip suggest a 325° oriented horizontal principal stress direction. This direction makes an acute angle with the NW-trending plane of the Dinar fault. This angular difference is the cause of the strike-slip (rotational) movement manifested in the surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and indicated by the focal mechanism solution of the earthquake. Under the influence of this horizontal principal stress direction of compression, firstly en echelon cracks were formed. Then these cracks were modified by a predominantly dip-slip displacement on the Dinar fault; the initial cracks were connected to each other by anastomosing cracks of a second rotational phase. The rotation led the hanging-wall block of the Dinar fault to depart from its dip-slip orientation to an oblique southwesterly direction towards the Mediterranean Sea as suggested by strike and dip-slip indicating cracks.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9841764"><span id="translatedtitle">Traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the aortic isthmus: program of selective management.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Pate, J W; Gavant, M L; Weiman, D S; Fabian, T C</p> <p>1999-01-01</p> <p>Two hypotheses were investigated: (1) helical computed tomography (CT) of the chest on victims of decelerating trauma can yield a diagnosis of, or "rule out," a traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the aorta (TRA) without the need for an aortogram; and (2) selective delay of aortic repair can be safely accomplished through a medical management protocol. Screening helical CT examinations were done on 6169 victims of blunt thoracic trauma; 47 were found to have TRA; in 8, indirect but nondiagnostic findings not clarified by an aortogram led to surgical exploration. The sensitivity of helical CT was higher than that of aortograms, and a "normal" helical CT scan was never associated with a proved TRA. It is estimated that the use of helical CT has resulted in at least a 40% to 50% decrease in the need for aortograms, in addition to yielding rapid, noninvasive valuable information about other injuries. Drugs (beta-blockers +/- vasodilators) to decrease the stress in the aortic wall were used in 93 patients when the diagnosis was suspected and were continued as necessary through the evaluation, stabilization, and until the aorta was cross-clamped at operation. Elective, delayed operation was done between 2 days and 25 months in 15 patients who were deemed to be excessive risks for emergency aortic repair; there were 2 deaths (13. 3%). Eleven patients never had aortic repair. No patient maintained on this protocol, whether repaired emergently, electively, or not at all, developed free <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the periaortic hematoma and death from TRA. PMID:9841764</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li class="active"><span>22</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_22 --> <div id="page_23" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li class="active"><span>23</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="441"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24684544"><span id="translatedtitle">Genetic basis of cranial cruciate ligament <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (CCLR) in dogs.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Baird, Arabella Elizabeth Gardiner; Carter, Stuart D; Innes, John F; Ollier, William E; Short, Andrea D</p> <p>2014-08-01</p> <p>Cranial Cruciate Ligament <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (CCLR) is one of the most common forms of lameness in dogs and is analogous to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the anterior cruciate ligament in humans, for which it can serve as a model. As there is a strong breed-related predisposition to CCLR in dogs, a study was undertaken to consider putative genetic components in susceptible dog breeds. A candidate gene, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping approach using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (Sequenom Ltd) was designed to investigate several CCLR-susceptible dog breeds and identify CCLR-associated genes/gene regions that may confer susceptibility or resistance. A meta-analysis was performed using the breed case/control candidate gene data to identify SNP associations that were common to the whole cohort of susceptible dogs. We identified SNPs in key genes involved in ligament strength, stability and extracellular matrix formation (COL5A1, COL5A2, COL1A1, COL3A1, COL11A1, COL24A1, FBN1, LOX, LTBP2) which were significantly associated with CCLR susceptibility across the dog breeds used in this study. These SNPs could have an involvement in CCLR due to a detrimental effect on ligament structure and strength. This is the first published candidate gene study that has revealed significant genetic associations with canine CCLR. PMID:24684544</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24129717"><span id="translatedtitle">[Treatment of extensor mechanism <span class="hlt">rupture</span> after total knee arthroplasty].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Bieger, R; Kappe, T; Wernerus, D; Reichel, H</p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>Disruption of the extensor mechanism is one of the most devastating complications in knee arthroplasty with a reported incidence between 0.17 and 2.5 %. Due to a high rate of subsequent complications and poor clinical results, every effort should be made to avoid extensor mechanism disruption. In cases of disruption however, the orthopaedic surgeons must be aware of non-operative and surgical treatment options and their indications, timing, outcome and limitations. Non-operative treatment is feasible in cases of incomplete disruption of the quadriceps tendon with an extension deficit of less than 20°. Complete disruption of the quadriceps tendon or <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the patellar tendon should be treated operatively. Therapeutic strategies include direct repair of the tendon in acute disruption without retraction. Retraction as well as soft tissue damage necessitates augmentation of the tendon. Frequently used endogenous augments are the semitendinosus tendon as well as the gastrocnemius muscle. Exogenous options are allografts of the Achilles tendon or structured extensor mechanism grafts and synthetic augments to support endogenous tendon repair. The clinical results after extensor mechanism failure following total knee arthroplasty are less favourable compared to <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in native knee joints. The most common complications are postoperative stretching and the maintenance of an active extensor lag. PMID:24129717</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25780312"><span id="translatedtitle">Successful surgical management of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> umbilical hernias in cirrhotic patients.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Chatzizacharias, Nikolaos A; Bradley, J Andrew; Harper, Simon; Butler, Andrew; Jah, Asif; Huguet, Emmanuel; Praseedom, Raaj K; Allison, Michael; Gibbs, Paul</p> <p>2015-03-14</p> <p>Acute umbilical hernia <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in patients with hepatic cirrhosis and ascites is an unusual, but potentially life-threatening complication, with postoperative morbidity about 70% and mortality between 60%-80% after supportive care and 6%-20% after urgent surgical repair. Management options include primary surgical repair with or without concomitant portal venous system decompression for the control of the ascites. We present a retrospective analysis of our centre's experience over the last 6 years. Our cohort consisted of 11 consecutive patients (median age: 53 years, range: 36-63 years) with advanced hepatic cirrhosis and refractory ascites. Appropriate patient resuscitation and optimisation with intravenous fluids, prophylactic antibiotics and local measures was instituted. One failed attempt for conservative management was followed by a successful primary repair. In all cases, with one exception, a primary repair with non-absorbable Nylon, interrupted sutures, without mesh, was performed. The perioperative complication rate was 25% and the recurrence rate 8.3%. No mortality was recorded. Median length of hospital stay was 14 d (range: 4-31 d). Based on our experience, the management of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> umbilical hernias in patients with advanced hepatic cirrhosis and refractory ascites is feasible without the use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt routinely in the preoperative period, provided that meticulous patient optimisation is performed. PMID:25780312</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4356934"><span id="translatedtitle">Successful surgical management of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> umbilical hernias in cirrhotic patients</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Chatzizacharias, Nikolaos A; Bradley, J Andrew; Harper, Simon; Butler, Andrew; Jah, Asif; Huguet, Emmanuel; Praseedom, Raaj K; Allison, Michael; Gibbs, Paul</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Acute umbilical hernia <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in patients with hepatic cirrhosis and ascites is an unusual, but potentially life-threatening complication, with postoperative morbidity about 70% and mortality between 60%-80% after supportive care and 6%-20% after urgent surgical repair. Management options include primary surgical repair with or without concomitant portal venous system decompression for the control of the ascites. We present a retrospective analysis of our centre’s experience over the last 6 years. Our cohort consisted of 11 consecutive patients (median age: 53 years, range: 36-63 years) with advanced hepatic cirrhosis and refractory ascites. Appropriate patient resuscitation and optimisation with intravenous fluids, prophylactic antibiotics and local measures was instituted. One failed attempt for conservative management was followed by a successful primary repair. In all cases, with one exception, a primary repair with non-absorbable Nylon, interrupted sutures, without mesh, was performed. The perioperative complication rate was 25% and the recurrence rate 8.3%. No mortality was recorded. Median length of hospital stay was 14 d (range: 4-31 d). Based on our experience, the management of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> umbilical hernias in patients with advanced hepatic cirrhosis and refractory ascites is feasible without the use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt routinely in the preoperative period, provided that meticulous patient optimisation is performed. PMID:25780312</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18389670"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of extra-corporeal circuit tubing during cardiopulmonary bypass.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sai Krishna, Cheemalapati; Naresh Kumar, Palli Venkata; Satpathy, Soumya Kanta; Ram Mohan, Kanteti; Ramesh Babu, Vedangi</p> <p>2008-03-01</p> <p>Roller pumps are widely used for cardiopulmonary bypass in developing nations by virtue of proven safety during several years of institutional use and cost effectiveness. However, careful adjustment of roller occlusion is needed because they are known to cause spallation, tubing wear, and the occasional incident of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of tubing in the extracorporeal circuit. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of polyvinylchloride tubing in the pump raceway during repair of a ventricular septal defect in a 4-year-old child is discussed. The event was managed by exclusion and replacement of the defective tubing during a short period of arrest. Use of an inappropriate boot pump and failure to detect its inclusion in the bypass circuit was a significant departure from protocol. However, because occlusion settings and duration of perfusion were within acceptable limits, a manufacturing flaw could also have contributed to tubing failure, and the event may or may not have been averted by the use of larger tubing. In conclusion, this incident reiterates the need for adherence to established protocol during assembly of the pump and draws attention to the fact that tubing integrity is not a guarantee and vigilance is warranted to handle its failure. PMID:18389670</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17474190"><span id="translatedtitle">[Conservative management of perforation, dehiscence, and uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span>].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ruiz-Velasco, V; Rosas Arceo, J; Juarez Olivo, H; Arreola Ortiz, J</p> <p>1973-04-01</p> <p>Of 237 cases that suffered a perforation, dehiscence or uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, the conservative treatment was carried out in 71.3% of all cases. 155 which were conservatively handled, were followed. 55 corresponded to perforation, 89 to dehiscence and 11 to <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Out of 155 patients 82 (52.9%) became pregnant again, some thereof even on five occasions, thus reaching a total of 117 gestations. 13.6% ended in abortion, 23.8% has a vaginal birth. A cesarean section was applied in 47% of the cases and 5.1% a cesarean hysterectomy. Only in 2 cases (1.7%), the disunion occurred again. A hysterographical control was exerted. 41% of the hysterograms were normal. 26.2% showed the "habitual post surgical isthmic defect" and only in 32.7% of the cases, there were abnormal patterns in isthmic and cavity. The absolute post natal morbility was 6.5% and the noncorrected perinatal mortality was 5.4%. Based on these results, we recommended that, whenever it is possible, one should apply a conservative therapy, in cases of these accidents. PMID:17474190</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-STC&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21428972"><span id="translatedtitle">Endovascular Treatment of <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aortocaval Fistula</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Guzzardi, Giuseppe, E-mail: guz@libero.it; Fossaceca, Rita; Divenuto, Ignazio [Maggiore della Carita Hospital, Institute of Interventional Radiology (Italy); Musiani, Antonello; Brustia, Piero [Maggiore della Carita Hospital, Division of Vascular Surgery (Italy); Carriero, Alessandro [Maggiore della Carita Hospital, Institute of Interventional Radiology (Italy)</p> <p>2010-08-15</p> <p>Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We report the endovascular repair of an AAA <span class="hlt">rupture</span> into the inferior vena cava. A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute hypotension. She presented with a pulsatile abdominal mass and became rapidly anuric. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an AAA <span class="hlt">rupture</span> into the inferior vena cava. The features of the AAA made it suitable for endovascular repair. To prevent pulmonary embolism caused by the presence of sac thrombosis near the vena cava lumen, a temporary vena cava filter was deployed before the procedure. A bifurcated stent-graft was placed with the patient under local anaesthesia, and the AAA was successfully treated. A transient type II endoleak was detected on CT 3 days after endograft placement. At routine follow-up 6 and 12 months after the procedure, the patient was in good clinical condition, and the type II endoleak had sealed completely. Endovascular treatment offers an attractive therapeutic alternative to open repair in case of ACF; however, only small numbers of patients have been treated, and long-term follow-up interval is lacking.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22894385"><span id="translatedtitle">Multiple barriers in forced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of protein complexes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hyeon, Changbong; Thirumalai, D</p> <p>2012-08-01</p> <p>Curvatures in the most probable <span class="hlt">rupture</span> force (f*) versus log-loading rate (log r(f)) observed in dynamic force spectroscopy (DFS) on biomolecular complexes are interpreted using a one-dimensional free energy profile with multiple barriers or a single barrier with force-dependent transition state. Here, we provide a criterion to select one scenario over another. If the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics occurs by crossing a single barrier in a physical free energy profile describing unbinding, the exponent ?, from (1 - f*/f(c))(1/?) ~ (log r(f)) with f(c) being a critical force in the absence of force, is restricted to 0.5 ? ? ? 1. For biotin-ligand complexes and leukocyte-associated antigen-1 bound to intercellular adhesion molecules, which display large curvature in the DFS data, fits to experimental data yield ? < 0.5, suggesting that if ligand unbinding is assumed to proceed along one-dimensional pulling coordinate, the dynamics should occur in a energy landscape with multiple-barriers. PMID:22894385</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/10558943"><span id="translatedtitle">Structural and geotechnical impacts of surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on highway structures during recent earthquakes in Turkey</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>A. Pamuk; E. Kalkan; H. I. Ling</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>The most significant damage on highway bridges during the recent earthquakes in Turkey (Kocaeli and Duzce earthquakes) and Taiwan (Chi–Chi earthquake) was the result of fault <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> traversing transportation infrastructure. This phenomenon and its consequences accentuate the need to examine surface <span class="hlt">rupture</span> hazards and to identify those areas at risk. This understanding can help to develop remedial measures for both</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/51992263"><span id="translatedtitle">Pilot clinical study of aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> using image-based computational fluid dynamics models</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Juan R. Cebral; Marcelo A. Castro; Daniel Millan; Alejandro F. Frangi; Christopher Putman</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>Although the natural history of cerebral aneurysms remains unknown, hemodynamics is thought to play an important role in their initiation, growth and <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. This paper describes a pilot clinical study of the association between intraaneurysmal hemodynamic characteristics and the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of cerebral aneurysms. A total of 62 patient-specific models of cerebral aneurysms were constructed from 3D angiography images. Computational fluid</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30974503"><span id="translatedtitle">Bilateral simultaneous spontaneous quadriceps tendons <span class="hlt">rupture</span> A case report studied by magnetic resonance imaging</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Emilio Calvo; Antonio Ferrer; Angel G. Robledo; L. Alvarez; F. Castillo; C. Vallejo</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>A rare case of bilateral, simultaneous, and spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon in a previous healthy young man is presented. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) defined accurately the features of the tear showing different levels of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on each side. This finding was especially helpful in preoperative planning.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29288405"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous and simultaneous bilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon in a patient with osteogenesis imperfecta</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>David Figueroa; Rafael Calvo; Alex Vaisman</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>Bilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon is an uncommon and serious injury that usually occurs in middle aged to elderly patients. It is frequently associated with chronic metabolic disorders like diabetes, hiperparathyroidism, gout, chronic renal failure or the chronic use of steroids.We report a case of spontaneous bilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon in a patient with osteogenesis imperfecta.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31037505"><span id="translatedtitle">Ultrasonography as a reliable diagnostic tool in old quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>: a prospective multicentre study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>C.-E. Heyde; K. Mahlfeld; P. F. Stahel; R. Kayser</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>Quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is an uncommon injury. In the majority of cases, predispositions as recurrent microtrauma or degenerative changes are present. The diagnosis of acute quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> can usually be made by clinical examination. Ultrasonography has been shown as a reliable, inexpensive and easily available diagnostic tool to confirm the diagnosis. In this study, we evaluated the clinical value</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23155972"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of bilateral quadriceps tendon and rotator cuff tear: a case report.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Chen, H T</p> <p>2012-03-01</p> <p>This is a case report of a patient who sustained both a bilateral quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> and a complete rotator cuff tear. Overuse is a known risk factor for rotator cuff tears, but this case suggests that it can also be a risk factor for quadriceps tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. PMID:23155972</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31628182"><span id="translatedtitle">Traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon in a 16-year-old girl</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>P. Adolphson</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>Traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon is well known to occur in middle-aged men [3, 5], in patients on hemodialysis for renal failure [2, 9, 12], and in patients with diabetes [1], but only very rarely in young and healthy women. We report a case of traumatic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendon of a girl without any of the predisposing</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31037969"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous and simultaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of both quadriceps tendons in a patient with chronic renal failure</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Yong Hwan Kim; Mohamed Shafi; Yeon Soo Lee; Jin Young Kim; Weon Yoo Kim; Chang Whan Han</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>Spontaneous bilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the quadriceps tendons without a significant history of trauma is an uncommon disease. It is generally associated with chronic metabolic disorders such as chronic renal failure and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Here, we report a case of spontaneous bilateral tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in a patient on chronic hemodialysis for the past 5 years. We performed a preoperative MRI to confirm</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/x0v09rhbvbqd6pxa.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Simultaneous complete bilateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>: two cases and literature review</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Narayan Hulse; N. Tellisi</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Infra-patellar tendon is the least common site for the disruption of extensor mechanism of knee joint. Bilateral simultaneous patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are very rare and extremely uncommon in healthy individuals. We report two cases of simultaneous complete bilateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>, one in a healthy adult male and the second in a patient suffering from chronic rheumatoid arthritis. To the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AGUFM.S23B1749K"><span id="translatedtitle">Searching for evidence of a preferred <span class="hlt">rupture</span> direction in small earthquakes at Parkfield</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Kane, D. L.; Shearer, P. M.; Allmann, B.; Vernon, F. L.</p> <p>2009-12-01</p> <p>Theoretical modeling of strike-slip <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> along a bimaterial interface suggests that the interface will have a preferred <span class="hlt">rupture</span> direction and will produce asymmetric ground motion (Shi and Ben-Zion, 2006). This could have widespread implications for earthquake source physics and for hazard analysis on mature faults because larger ground motions would be expected in the direction of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation. Studies have shown that many large global earthquakes exhibit unilateral <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, but a consistently preferred <span class="hlt">rupture</span> direction along faults has not been observed. Some researchers have argued that the bimaterial interface model does not apply to natural faults, noting that the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the M 6 2004 Parkfield earthquake propagated in the opposite direction from previous M 6 earthquakes along that section of the San Andreas Fault (Harris and Day, 2005). We analyze earthquake spectra from the Parkfield area to look for evidence of consistent <span class="hlt">rupture</span> directivity along the San Andreas Fault. We separate the earthquakes into spatially defined clusters and quantify the differences in high-frequency energy among earthquakes recorded at each station. Propagation path effects are minimized in this analysis because we compare earthquakes located within a small volume and recorded by the same stations. By considering a number of potential end-member models, we seek to determine if a preferred <span class="hlt">rupture</span> direction is present among small earthquakes at Parkfield.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=ERIC&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=fine+AND+art+AND+education&pg=3&id=EJ1008944"><span id="translatedtitle">From <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> to Resonance: Uncertainty and Scholarship in Fine Art Research Degrees</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Simmons, Beverley; Holbrook, Allyson</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>This article focuses on the phenomenon of "<span class="hlt">rupture</span>" identified in student narratives of uncertainty and scholarship experienced during the course of Fine Art research degrees in two Australian universities. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> captures the phenomenon of severe disruption or discontinuity in existing knowledge and typically signifies epistemological rift for…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32774035"><span id="translatedtitle">Obstetric Uterine <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of the Unscarred Uterus: A Twenty-Year Clinical Analysis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Yeou-Lih Wang; Tsung-Hsien Su</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>Background:<span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of the unscarred uterus is a rare and potentially catastrophic event. We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with this condition to analyze their obstetric and gynecologic history and evaluate maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Methods:A total of 11 cases of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the unscarred gravid uterus were managed at Mackay Memorial Hospital from January 1984 to September</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li class="active"><span>23</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_23 --> <div id="page_24" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="461"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2046228"><span id="translatedtitle">[A case of ventricular free wall <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in acute myocardial infarction treated conservatively with success].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kochanowski, J; Stanis?awska, J; Opolski, G; S?omka, K; Kraska, A</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>A sixty year old man developed clinical signs of pericardial tamponade on fifth day of acute myocardial infarction. An echocardiogram showed a pericardial effusion and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of left ventricular free wall. After pericardial puncture and four days pericardial drainage, the fissure of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> was closed by formation of thrombus and pseudoaneurysm. After six weeks patient was discharged in good condition. PMID:2046228</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://www.kojiro-irikura.jp/pdf/117.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Fault Geometry at the <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Termination of the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Haruko Sekiguchi; Kojiro Irikura; Tomotaka Iwata</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>The source geometry and slip distribution at <span class="hlt">rupture</span> termination of the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake were investigated using waveform inversion on the assumption of fault branching in the northeastern part of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> model. Possible branching of the Okamoto fault is suggested both by the static-displacement distribution and damage extension east of Kobe (Nishinomiya area). To exclude data contaminated by</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28078506"><span id="translatedtitle">In vivo analysis of mechanical wall stress and abdominal aortic aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> risk</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Mark F. Fillinger; M. L. Raghavan; Steven P. Marra; Jack L. Cronenwett; Francis E. Kennedy</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>Objective: The purpose of this study was to calculate abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) wall stresses in vivo for <span class="hlt">ruptured</span>, symptomatic, and electively repaired AAAs with three-dimensional computer modeling techniques, computed tomographic scan data, and blood pressure and to compare wall stress with current clinical indices related to <span class="hlt">rupture</span> risk. Methods: CT scans were analyzed for 48 patients with AAAs: 18</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30234898"><span id="translatedtitle">Amniotic fluid index values after preterm premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the membranes and subsequent perinatal infection</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Stephen T. Vermillion; Austin M. Kooba; David E. Soper</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>Objective: Our purpose was to determine whether an amniotic fluid index (AFI) <5 cm after preterm premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the membranes is associated with an increased risk of perinatal infection. Study Design: We performed a nonconcurrent prospective analysis of 225 singleton pregnancies complicated by preterm premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the membranes, with delivery between 24 and 32 weeks’ gestation. All included</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60738671"><span id="translatedtitle">Use of SCDAP\\/RELAP5 results in severe accident-induced tube <span class="hlt">rupture</span> risk assessment</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>J. Donoghue; R. Lee</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>This study was conducted to provide the basis for an estimate of the containment bypass risk presented by severe accident-induced steam generator tube <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. During severe accidents, components can be heated to the extent that induced <span class="hlt">rupture</span> might occur as a result of the combined effects of pressure and temperature. The potential for tube failure can be exacerbated by flaws</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/54314146"><span id="translatedtitle">Fast and Robust Inversion of Earthquake Source <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Process with Applications to Earthquake Emergency Response</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Y. Chen; Y. Zhang</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>A fast and robust technique for inversion of earthquake source <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process was developed and applied to some of the recent significant earthquakes worldwide. Since May 2008, source <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes of about 20 significant earthquakes worldwide were inverted by using the newly developed technique and the inverted results were timely released on the website within 3 to 5 hours after</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp/furumura/pdf/Imai200912005.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Amplification of Tsunami Heights by Delayed <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of Great Earthquakes along the Nankai Trough</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Furumura, Takashi</p> <p></p> <p>Amplification of Tsunami Heights by Delayed <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of Great Earthquakes along the Nankai Trough of delayed <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of great earthquakes along the Nankai trough on tsunami heights on the Japanese coast. As the tsunami source, we used a model of the 1707 Hoei earthquake, which consists of four segments: Tokai</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3303440"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> intracranial dermoid cyst manifesting as new onset seizure: a case report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Kucera, Jennifer Neville; Roy, Pinakpani; Murtagh, Ryan</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Intracranial dermoid cysts are rare tumors derived from ectopic epithelial cells. They are slow-growing benign entities, but can cause significant morbidity through compression of neurovascular structures and, rarely, <span class="hlt">rupture</span> into the subarachnoid space. We present a rare case of a spontaneously <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> intracranial dermoid cyst presenting as new onset seizures due to chemical meningitis caused by dissemination of fat droplets. PMID:22470786</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.gps.caltech.edu/~avouac/publications/Konca-Nature2008.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Partial <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a locked patch of the Sumatra megathrust during the 2007 earthquake sequence</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Avouac, Jean-Philippe</p> <p></p> <p>LETTERS Partial <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a locked patch of the Sumatra megathrust during the 2007 earthquake of subduction zones1­4 . In March 2005, the Sunda megathrust <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> again, producing an event5 of moment-permanent barriers, zones with locally lower pre-stress due to the past earthquakes. The stress state of the portion</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/26628955"><span id="translatedtitle">Differential scanning calorimetric examination of the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> Achilles tendon in human</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>N. Wiegand; L. Vámhidy; L. Kereskai; D. L?rinczy</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>The Achilles tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a common injury of the foot in middle age and physically active population in Europe. The aetiology of the degenerative changes in the collagen structures of the tendon which could be disposed for the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is still not clear. Our hypothesis was that before the injury there is a clear pathological abnormality in the tissue</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://gef.nerc.ac.uk/documents/publications/803.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Seismo-volcanic crisis in Afar: the 2005 Boina <span class="hlt">rupture</span>-eruption sequence</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Cindy Ebinger; Derek Keir; James Hammond; Tim Wright</p> <p></p> <p>Continental <span class="hlt">rupture</span> models emphasize the role of faults in extensional strain accommodation; extension by dike intrusion is commonly overlooked. A major rifting episode that began in September, 2005 in the Afar depression of Ethiopia provides an opportunity to examine strain accommodation in a zone of incipient plate <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Earthquakes recorded on a temporary seismic array, direct observation of fault patterns,</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://env-gw-02.leeds.ac.uk/afar/afar_text/ebinger_GJI08.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Capturing magma intrusion and faulting processes during continental <span class="hlt">rupture</span>: seismicity of the Dabbahu (Afar) rift</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>C. J. Ebinger; D. Keir; A. Ayele; E. Calais; T. J. Wright; M. Belachew; J. O. S. Hammond; E. Campbell; W. R. Buck</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Continental <span class="hlt">rupture</span> models emphasize the role of faults in extensional strain accommodation; extension by dyke intrusion is commonly overlooked. A major rifting episode that began in 2005 September in the Afar depression of Ethiopia provides an opportunity to examine strain accommodation in a zone of incipient plate <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Earthquakes recorded on a temporary seismic array (2005 October to 2006 April),</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2989062"><span id="translatedtitle">Chronic Achilles tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> reconstruction using a modified flexor hallucis longus transfer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Luciani, Jean-François; Philippot, Rémi; Brunet-Guedj, Elisabeth; Moyen, Bernard; Besse, Jean-Luc</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this study was to report the management and outcome of 11 patients presenting with chronic Achilles tendon (AT) <span class="hlt">rupture</span> treated by a modified flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer. Seven patients presented with a neglected AT <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, one with a chronic AT <span class="hlt">rupture</span> associated with Achilles tendinosis and three with an AT re-<span class="hlt">rupture</span>. AT defect after fibrosis debridement averaged 7.4 cm. In addition to FHL transfer, we performed an augmentation using the two remaining fibrous scar stumps of the <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> AT. Functional assessment was performed using the AOFAS score and isokinetic evaluation was performed to assess ankle plantarflexion torque deficit. Follow-up averaged 79 months. Functional outcome was excellent with a significant improvement of the AOFAS score at latest follow-up. No re-<span class="hlt">rupture</span> nor major complication, particularly of wound healing, was observed. All patients presented with a loss of active range of motion of the hallux interphalangeal joint without functional weakness during athletic or daily life activities. Isokinetic testing at 30 degrees/second and 120 degrees/second revealed a significant average decrease of 28?±?11% and 36?±?4.1%, respectively, in plantarflexion peak torque. Although strength deficit persisted at latest follow-up, functional improvement was significant without morbidity due to FHL harvesting. For patients with chronic AT <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> gap of at least 5 cm, surgical repair using FHL transfer with fibrous AT stump reinforcement achieved excellent outcomes. PMID:19697026</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://earth.usc.edu/~hbhat/documents/papers/paperII_twocol.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">The Eect of Asymmetric Damage on Dynamic Shear <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Propagation I: No Mismatch in Bulk Elasticity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>R. L. Biegel; H. S. Bhat; C. G. Sammis; A. J. Rosakis</p> <p></p> <p>High-speed digital photography was used to study <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation on the interface between transparent damaged and undamaged photoelastic plates. Bilat- eral <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> were nucleated on pre-machined faults at an angle to the uniaxial load- ing axis. Stress concentration at the crack tips produced fringes in polarized laser light that allowed their positions to be measured in successive photos. We found</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://rohan.sdsu.edu/~steveday/PUBLISHED/KaseDay06GRL.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes on a bending fault and S. M. Day1</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Day, Steven M.</p> <p></p> <p>, bending strike slip fault in a three-dimensional half space, using a finite-difference method. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> on a bending fault in a three-dimensional half space, we use a finite- difference method. The fault followsSpontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes on a bending fault Y. Kase1,2 and S. M. Day1 Received 27 January 2006</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29923707"><span id="translatedtitle">Antepartum uterine <span class="hlt">rupture</span> in previous caesarean sections presenting as advanced extrauterine pregnancies: Lessons learnt</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Surandhra R. Ramphal; Jagidesa Moodley</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>In present day obstetric practice, <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of a previously scarred uterus should be uncommon. It occurs in We present a series of 7 cases, all of whom had one or more previous caesarean sections, were haemodynamically stable and were being managed expectantly, to illustrate the fact that <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> uterus should be strongly considered in the differential diagnosis, even when the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://people.tamu.edu/~bduan/Duan_2008GL033171.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Effects of low-velocity fault zones on dynamic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> with nonelastic off-fault response</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Duan, Benchun</p> <p></p> <p>Effects of low-velocity fault zones on dynamic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> with nonelastic off-fault response Benchun 2008. [1] Using a finite element method for elastoplastic dynamic analysis, we examine the effects of a low-velocity fault zone (LVFZ) surrounding a fault on a spontaneous dynamic earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. A Mohr</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25548356"><span id="translatedtitle">Contained <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of mycotic aneurysm of the left circumflex coronary artery in a child.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Joshi, Reena K; Jyoti, Aman; Aggarwal, Neeraj; Aggarwal, Mridul; Joshi, Raja</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is defined as dilatation of a coronary artery segment to a diameter of more than 1.5-fold normal size. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of CAA is a catastrophic event and may result in sudden death or myocardial infarction. We report this unusual case of contained <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the left circumflex CAA. PMID:25548356</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4364124"><span id="translatedtitle">Transcatheter Arterial Coil Embolization of <span class="hlt">Ruptured</span> Common Hepatic Artery Aneurysm in a Patient with Behçet's Disease</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Hotta, Akihiro; Kuwatsuru, Ryohei; Asahi, Kouichi; Okada, Shingo; Tsuge, Daisuke; Shiraishi, Akihiko</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Hepatic artery aneurysm is a rare and potentially life-threatening entity. We report a case of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> common hepatic artery aneurysm in a patient with Behçet's disease. The <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> aneurysm was treated successfully with transcatheter arterial coil embolization. Transcatheter arterial embolization is the preferred treatment modality in patients at high risk of surgical intervention. PMID:25821623</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60725221"><span id="translatedtitle">Using MAAP 4.0 to determine risks from steam generator tube leaks or <span class="hlt">ruptures</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>E. L. Fuller; M. A. Kenton</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>As part of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) program on steam generator degradation specific management (SGDSM), the nuclear industry is investigating the effects on plant risk of severe accidents involving steam generator tube leaks or <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. Such accidents fall into three classes: those caused by spontaneous, steam generator tube <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> (SGTRs) that subsequently result in core damage; those caused</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_24 --> <div id="page_25" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="481"> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.rosakis.caltech.edu/downloads/pubs/2010/175%20The%20Effects%20part%20II.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">The effect of asymmetric damage on dynamic shear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> propagation II: With mismatch in bulk elasticity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Rosakis, Ares J.</p> <p></p> <p><span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in elastic bimaterials propagate either at sub-shear speed or at the P-wave speed of the softer-fault damage. Mode II <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> propagating on the interface between thermally shocked (damaged) Homalite wave speed or in some numerical cases at the P-wave speed of the stiffer material, Pfast. We present</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3284142"><span id="translatedtitle">Statistical wall shear stress maps of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> and unruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Goubergrits, L.; Schaller, J.; Kertzscher, U.; van den Bruck, N.; Poethkow, K.; Petz, Ch.; Hege, H.-Ch.; Spuler, A.</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Haemodynamics and morphology play an important role in the genesis, growth and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of cerebral aneurysms. The goal of this study was to generate and analyse statistical wall shear stress (WSS) distributions and shapes in middle cerebral artery (MCA) saccular aneurysms. Unsteady flow was simulated in seven <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> and 15 unruptured MCA aneurysms. In order to compare these results, all geometries must be brought in a uniform coordinate system. For this, aneurysms with corresponding WSS data were transformed into a uniform spherical shape; then, all geometries were uniformly aligned in three-dimensional space. Subsequently, we compared statistical WSS maps and surfaces of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> and unruptured aneurysms. No significant (p > 0.05) differences exist between <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> and unruptured aneurysms regarding radius and mean WSS. In unruptured aneurysms, statistical WSS map relates regions with high (greater than 3 Pa) WSS to the neck region. In <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> aneurysms, additional areas with high WSS contiguous to regions of low (less than 1 Pa) WSS are found in the dome region. In <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> aneurysms, we found significantly lower WSS. The averaged aneurysm surface of unruptured aneurysms is round shaped, whereas the averaged surface of <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> cases is multi-lobular. Our results confirm the hypothesis of low WSS and irregular shape as the essential <span class="hlt">rupture</span> risk parameters. PMID:21957117</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://circres.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/89/6/547.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Identification of Genes Potentially Involved in <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of Human Atherosclerotic Plaques</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Birgit C. G. Faber; Kitty B. J. M. Cleutjens; Ron L. J. Niessen; Petra L. J. W. Aarts; Wendy Boon; Andrew S. Greenberg; Jan H. M. Tordoir; Mat J. A. P. Daemen</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Although <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of an atherosclerotic plaque is the major cause of acute vascular occlusion, the exact molecular mechanisms underlying this process are still poorly understood. In this study, we used suppression subtractive hybridization to make an inventory of genes that are differentially expressed in whole-mount human stable and <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> plaques. Two libraries were generated, one containing 3000 clones upregulated and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://seismology.gl.ntu.edu.tw/papers/098_2012_Chan_et_al_Tectonophysics_stress.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Possible stress states adjacent to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> zone of the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Wu, Yih-Min</p> <p></p> <p>Possible stress states adjacent to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> zone of the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake Chung 2012 Available online 3 April 2012 Keywords: Stress state Optimally oriented planes Focal mechanism TCDP Chi-Chi earthquake Taiwan We explore regional stress states in the vicinity of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> area</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=SCIGOV-MAS&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/37359434"><span id="translatedtitle">Using Emotionally Focused Therapy for Couples to Resolve Attachment <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> Created by Hypersexual Behavior</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p>Rory C. Reid; Scott R. Woolley</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>Hypersexual behavior can have a devastating impact on attachments between partners in committed couple relationships. An array of emotions is activated by these attachment <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>, including feelings of betrayal, confusion, frustration, hopelessness, and abandonment. Repairing these <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> can be a delicate and challenging part of helping couples restore trust and forgiveness in their relationships. This article describes the process of</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/phase-trans/2007/Hot_Dimitriu_MST_2007.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Hot strength of creep resistant ferritic steels and relationship to creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> data</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Cambridge, University of</p> <p></p> <p>Hot strength of creep resistant ferritic steels and relationship to creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> data R. C relationship between the temperature dependence of hot tensile strength and creep <span class="hlt">rupture</span> stress. Keywords: Hot in which the hot strength of austenite has been modelled, primarily as an aid to the simulation of the hot</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://earth.usc.edu/~ybz/pubs_recent/BZH_JGR02/BZH_JGR02.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on an interface between a compliant fault zone layer and a stiffer surrounding solid</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Ben-Zion, Yehuda</p> <p></p> <p>Dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on an interface between a compliant fault zone layer and a stiffer surrounding calculations to study dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on a material discontinuity interface between a compliant elastic layer a compliant layer and a stiffer surrounding medium, initiated by a failure of an asperity with size not larger</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=EPRINT&redirectUrl=http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~shaw/publications/MShaw13.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Appendix T--Defining the Inversion <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Set Using Plausibility Filters</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/eprints/">E-print Network</a></p> <p>Shaw, Bruce E.</p> <p></p> <p>jump distance criterion specifies the maximum distance in three dimensions between the closest points, <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> can only jump from one fault section to another fault section at their closest point, provided on each pair of adjacent fault sections in a <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Note that in our implementation, for simplicity</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010EGUGA..12.9011T"><span id="translatedtitle">Estimation of Dynamic <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Parameters of the 1999 Duzce, Turkey Earthquake</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Tanircan, Gulum; Dalguer, Luis; Nur Bekler, Feyza; Meral Ozel, Nurcan</p> <p>2010-05-01</p> <p>The 1999 Kocaeli(Mw:7.4) and Duzce (Mw:7.1), Turkey Earthquakes have in common a specific <span class="hlt">rupture</span> characteristic: <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span> propagated eastward from hypocenters by supershear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity. Dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> properties of the Kocaeli Earthquake have been studied by several researchers. In order to better understand propagation characteristics of the northern branch of the NAFZ as well as judging whether or not the supershear propagation is a systematic feature of this fault zone, <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics of the 1999 Düzce, Turkey Earthquake has been investigated. The parameterization of the dynamic model, that describes the friction law and stress state on the fault, has been constrained with the slip distribution on the fault plane calculated from the kinematic waveform inversion of near field strong motion records. These parameters have been used as input for dynamic code. Dynamic stress drop was calculated by iterative dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulation by assuming an initial stress drop distribution through kinematic inversion results and changing the stress drop distribution until the slip distribution from dynamic model and that of kinematic model match to each other. Strength excess parameter was estimated by a trial and error scheme from a series of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulation until the total <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time be equivalent to the total <span class="hlt">rupture</span> time of kinematic model. Calculation of slip weakening distance and its definition for dynamic simulation is still subject under investigations. Recent investigations showed that Dc varies in rough proportion to the total slip, so it is variable in space. In this sense, critical slip weakening distances is assumed to be between 10- 30% of the total slip of kinematic model and the first time peak slip-velocity of kinematic model correspond to time of the slip-weakening distance. For the calculation a full dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulation code, namely Support Operator <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Dynamic Code(SORD) developed by, Ely et.al,( 2008) has been employed. The results of this study will be used for a full dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulation for the generation of low frequency velocity ground motion and are expected to provide important insight into the nature of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>-induced directivity and super-shear <span class="hlt">rupture</span> observed in this earthquake.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006AGUFM.S52B..07R"><span id="translatedtitle">Laboratory Observations of Crack-like and Pulse-like <span class="hlt">Ruptures</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Rosakis, A. J.; Lu, X.; Lapusta, N.</p> <p>2006-12-01</p> <p>Until relatively recently, it was widely accepted that shear <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> propagate in the crack-like mode, in which the duration of slip at each point on the interface is comparable to the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> duration. However, observations show that <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> on real faults may propagate differently, as pulses of slip (Heaton, 1990). In the pulse-like mode, the slip duration at a point is much shorter than the overall <span class="hlt">rupture</span> duration. Studies of pulse-like behavior have been mostly theoretical or numerical and three prevailing explanations for the occurrence of pulses have been proposed. These include strong weakening of the interface with sliding rate, interaction of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> with local heterogeneities, and normal stress variation for <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> propagating at interfaces between two different elastic materials. However, it remains unclear which mechanism dominates in real earthquakes. Our goal is to study <span class="hlt">rupture</span> modes experimentally. In our experiments, two identical Homalite plates are pressed together along an inclined interface (~ 150 mm long) by compression load applied on the edges of the plates. The resolved shear and normal stresses act on the interface, mimicking prestressed faults in the Earth. Dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is initiated by exploding a small (0.1 mm in diameter) nickel wire which decreases normal stress in the center of the interface. Digital high-speed cameras are used to record photoelastic images which enable us to keep track of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> tips and diagnose the evolution of <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. In addition, two interferometry-based velocimeters are used to measure particle speeds at two points across the interface. By subtracting these two measurements, the relative sliding speed history at that location can be obtained, allowing us to easily identify the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> mode. By varying the inclination angle and compression load, we have experimentally observed different modes of spontaneous dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, including pulse-like, crack-like and mixed modes, and systematic transition between the modes. These observations indicate that pulse-like <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> can exist in the absence of a bimaterial effect and local heterogeneities. Hence such slip pulses are likely caused by strong rate weakening of the interface. Our experiments confirm that rate weakening may play an important effect in the dynamic behavior of <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> and could also imply that expressing weakening in terms of slip only may not be enough. Our current work, in collaboration with N. Beeler and B. Kilgore (USGS), C. Marone (Penn State), and G. Ravichandran (Caltech), focuses on quantifying frictional properties of Homalite to facilitate more conclusive comparison of experiments with theoretical analysis and numerical simulations.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3804446"><span id="translatedtitle">Propose a Wall Shear Stress Divergence to Estimate the Risks of Intracranial Aneurysm <span class="hlt">Rupture</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Zhang, Y.; Takao, H.; Murayama, Y.; Qian, Y.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Although wall shear stress (WSS) has long been considered a critical indicator of intracranial aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>, there is still no definite conclusion as to whether a high or a low WSS results in aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The reason may be that the effect of WSS direction has not been fully considered. The objectives of this study are to investigate the magnitude of WSS (|WSS|) and its divergence on the aneurysm surface and to test the significance of both in relation to the aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Patient-specific computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to compute WSS and wall shear stress divergence (WSSD) on the aneurysm surface for nineteen patients. Our results revealed that if high |WSS| is stretching aneurysm luminal surface, and the stretching region is concentrated, the aneurysm is under a high risk of <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. It seems that, by considering both direction and magnitude of WSS, WSSD may be a better indicator for the risk estimation of aneurysm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> (154). PMID:24191140</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PMC&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4413034"><span id="translatedtitle">Patellar Tendon <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> after Lateral Release without Predisposing Systemic Disease or Steroid Use</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>De Giorgi, S.; Notarnicola, A.; Vicenti, G.; Moretti, B.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Arthroscopic technique for lateral release is the most widely used procedure for the correction of recurrent dislocations of the patella. In the relevant literature, several complications of lateral release are described, but the spontaneous patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> has never been suggested as a possible complication of this surgical procedure. Patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is a rather infrequent and often unilateral lesion. Nevertheless, in case of systemic diseases (LES, rheumatoid arthritis, and chronic renal insufficiency) that can weaken collagen structures, bilateral patellar tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> are described. We report a case of a 24-year-old girl with spontaneous <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of patellar tendon who, at the age of 16, underwent an arthroscopic lateral release for recurrent dislocation of the patella. This is the first case of described spontaneous patellar tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> that occurred some years after an arthroscopic lateral release. PMID:25960904</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25162925"><span id="translatedtitle">Flexor tendon repair after <span class="hlt">rupture</span> caused by volar plate fixation of the distal radius.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rubensson, Carin C; Ydreborg, Karin; Boren, Linda; Karlander, Lars-Erik</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>Volar plate fixation of unstable fractures of the distal radius is preferred by a majority of surgeons today. One known complication is the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of flexor tendons. The aim of this paper is to present flexor tendon <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> after volar plate fixation analysing the clinical outcome after tendon surgery, aetiology, and methods of prevention. Seventeen consecutive <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in 14 patients were included. The incidence was 1.4%. Three patients declined tendon surgery. Eleven patients were treated with a free tendon graft. Only two patients showed excellent results regarding mobility in the thumb and/or fingers. Analysis of radiographs demonstrated sub-optimal placement of plate or screws in all cases. <span class="hlt">Rupture</span> of a flexor tendon is a serious complication where the functional outcome after surgical reconstruction is uncertain. Early removal of the plate when the placement is sub-optimal or when local volar tenderness appears would probably prevent many <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. PMID:25162925</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1369548"><span id="translatedtitle">[Catheter <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at the site of implantation: a rare accident? Apropos of 2 observations].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Pecquenard, L; Le Priol, C; Combe, M; Vigue, J P; Almeras, M</p> <p>1991-11-01</p> <p>Seventy three venous access ports of the same type have been implanted recently in our hospital. We have observed two cases of catheter's <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Both accidents show a lot of similarities: material of the same trade mark; same way of implantation: right subclavian vein; <span class="hlt">rupture</span> before one year; <span class="hlt">rupture</span> at the point of entry of the subclavian vein; migration of the distal part of catheter; withdrawal of this part by right femoral vein's catheterism. Both broken catheters and another not broken (implanted during more than one year) were tested. It appears that those catheters were weakened, especially around the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. The reason is the long-standing compression of the catheter at the narrow space between clavicle and first rib. Then, the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of this weakened catheter could have been produced by the high pressure due to injection with small syringes. PMID:1369548</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24887597"><span id="translatedtitle">Evidence for a difference in <span class="hlt">rupture</span> initiation between small and large earthquakes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Colombelli, S; Zollo, A; Festa, G; Picozzi, M</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>The process of earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> nucleation and propagation has been investigated through laboratory experiments and theoretical modelling, but a limited number of observations exist at the scale of earthquake fault zones. Distinct models have been proposed, and whether the magnitude can be predicted while the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> is ongoing represents an unsolved question. Here we show that the evolution of P-wave peak displacement with time is informative regarding the early stage of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process and can be used as a proxy for the final size of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. For the analysed earthquake set, we found a rapid initial increase of the peak displacement for small events and a slower growth for large earthquakes. Our results indicate that earthquakes occurring in a region with a large critical slip distance have a greater likelihood of growing into a large <span class="hlt">rupture</span> than those originating in a region with a smaller slip-weakening distance. PMID:24887597</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2433650"><span id="translatedtitle">A rapid colorimetric AFP monoclonal antibody test for the diagnosis of preterm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the membranes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rochelson, B L; Rodke, G; White, R; Bracero, L; Baker, D A</p> <p>1987-02-01</p> <p>Premature <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the membranes is a common and serious complication of pregnancy. Despite the prevalence and severity of sequelae, current diagnostic techniques are less than ideal. We studied 48 women with preterm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the membranes with a rapid, colorimetric monoclonal alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) antibody test. Sensitivity was 98% for AFP testing compared to 77% for nitrazine and 62% for ferning. The differences in sensitivity were greater when membranes were <span class="hlt">ruptured</span> for longer than 12 hours. In all 31 patients without <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the membranes, AFP testing was negative. Neither urine nor semen affected AFP testing, whereas blood did. Alpha-fetoprotein testing may be a significant addition to current methods in the diagnosis of preterm <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the membranes. PMID:2433650</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..1713064T"><span id="translatedtitle">Stress monitoring versus microseismic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in an active deep mine</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Tonnellier, Alice; Bouffier, Christian; Bigarré, Pascal; Nyström, Anders; Österberg, Anders; Fjellström, Peter</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>Nowadays, underground mining industry has developed high-technology mass mining methods to optimise the productivity at deep levels. Such massive extraction induces high-level stress redistribution generating seismic events around the mining works, threatening safety and economics. For this reason mining irregular deep ore bodies calls for steadily enhanced scientific practises and technologies to guarantee the mine environment to be safer and stable for the miners and the infrastructures. INERIS, within the framework of the FP7 European project I2Mine and in partnership with the Swedish mining company Boliden, has developed new methodologies in order to monitor both quasi-static stress changes and <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> in a seismic prone area. To this purpose, a unique local permanent microseismic and stress monitoring network has been installed into the deep-working Garpenberg mine situated to the north of Uppsala (Sweden). In this mine, ore is extracted using sublevel stoping with paste fill production/distribution system and long-hole drilling method. This monitoring network has been deployed between about 1100 and 1250 meter depth. It consists in six 1-component and five 3-component microseismic probes (14-Hz geophones) deployed in the Lappberget area, in addition to three 3D stress monitoring cells that focus on a very local exploited area. Objective is three-fold: to quantify accurately quasi-static stress changes and freshly-induced stress gradients with drift development in the orebody, to study quantitatively those stress changes versus induced detected and located microseismic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>, and possibly to identify quasi-static stress transfer from those seismic <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. Geophysical and geotechnical data are acquired continuously and automatically transferred to INERIS datacenter through the web. They are made available on a secured web cloud monitoring infrastructure called e.cenaris and completed with mine data. Such interface enables the visualisation of the monitoring data coming from the mine in quasi-real time and facilitates information exchanges and decision making for experts and stakeholders. On the basis of these data acquisition and sharing, preliminary analysis has been started to highlight whether stress variations and seismic sources behaviour might be directly bound with mine working evolution and could improve the knowledge on the equilibrium states inside the mine. Knowing such parameters indeed will be a potential solution to understand better the response of deep mining activities to the exploitation solicitations and to develop, if possible, methods to prevent from major hazards such as rock bursts and other ground failure phenomena.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFM.S21B4449V"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Rupture</span> Dynamics and Scaling Behavior of Hydraulically Stimulated Micro-Earthquakes in a Shale Reservoir</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Viegas, G. F.; Urbancic, T.; Baig, A. M.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>In hydraulic fracturing completion programs fluids are injected under pressure into fractured rock formations to open escape pathways for trapped hydrocarbons along pre-existing and newly generated fractures. To characterize the failure process, we estimate static and dynamic source and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> parameters, such as dynamic and static stress drop, radiated energy, seismic efficiency, failure modes, failure plane orientations and dimensions, and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity to investigate the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> dynamics and scaling relations of micro-earthquakes induced during a hydraulic fracturing shale completion program in NE British Columbia, Canada. The relationships between the different parameters combined with the in-situ stress field and rock properties provide valuable information on the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> process giving insights into the generation and development of the fracture network. Approximately 30,000 micro-earthquakes were recorded using three multi-sensor arrays of high frequency geophones temporarily placed close to the treatment area at reservoir depth (~2km). On average the events have low radiated energy, low dynamic stress and low seismic efficiency, consistent with the obtained slow <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities. Events fail in overshoot mode (slip weakening failure model), with fluids lubricating faults and decreasing friction resistance. Events occurring in deeper formations tend to have faster <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities and are more efficient in radiating energy. Variations in <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocity tend to correlate with variation in depth, fault azimuth and elapsed time, reflecting a dominance of the local stress field over other factors. Several regions with different characteristic failure modes are identifiable based on coherent stress drop, seismic efficiency, <span class="hlt">rupture</span> velocities and fracture orientations. Variations of source parameters with rock rheology and hydro-fracture fluids are also observed. Our results suggest that the spatial and temporal distribution of events with similar characteristic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> behaviors can be used to determine reservoir geophysical properties, constrain reservoir geo-mechanical models, classify dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> processes for fracture models and improve fracture treatment designs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=NASAADS&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JGRB..118.4117G"><span id="translatedtitle">Source properties of dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> pulses with off-fault plasticity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Gabriel, A.-A.; Ampuero, J.-P.; Dalguer, L. A.; Mai, P. M.</p> <p>2013-08-01</p> <p>Large dynamic stresses near earthquake <span class="hlt">rupture</span> fronts may induce an inelastic response of the surrounding materials, leading to increased energy absorption that may affect dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. We systematically investigate the effects of off-fault plastic energy dissipation in 2-D in-plane dynamic <span class="hlt">rupture</span> simulations under velocity-and-state-dependent friction with severe weakening at high slip velocity. We find that plasticity does not alter the nature of the transitions between different <span class="hlt">rupture</span> styles (decaying versus growing, pulse-like versus crack-like, and subshear versus supershear <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>) but increases their required background stress and nucleation size. We systematically quantify the effect of amplitude and orientation of background shear stresses on the asymptotic properties of self-similar pulse-like <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>: peak slip rate, <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed, healing front speed, slip gradient, and the relative contribution of plastic strain to seismic moment. Peak slip velocity and <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed remain bounded. From fracture mechanics arguments, we derive a nonlinear relation between their limiting values, appropriate also for crack-like and supershear <span class="hlt">ruptures</span>. At low background stress, plasticity turns self-similar pulses into steady state pulses, for which plastic strain contributes significantly to the seismic moment. We find that the closeness to failure of the background stress state is an adequate predictor of <span class="hlt">rupture</span> speed for relatively slow events. Our proposed relations between state of stress and earthquake source properties in the presence of off-fault plasticity may contribute to the improved interpretation of earthquake observations and to pseudodynamic source modeling for ground motion prediction.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://www.science.gov/scigov/desktop/en/ostiblue/service/link/track?type=RESULT&searchId=topic-pages&collectionCode=PUBMED&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2360170"><span id="translatedtitle">[Achilles tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. Anamnestic and morphologic studies and considerations on the etiology].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Böhm, E; Thiel, A; Czieske, S</p> <p>1990-03-01</p> <p>From 1. October 1985 to 31. December 1987 93 patients (82 male, 11 female) with <span class="hlt">rupture</span> of the achillestendon were investigated by means of a questionnaire, the specimens obtained at operation were examined histologically. In two cases the operation was for a rerupture of the tendon, 7 and 8 weeks respectively after the first operation. In 6 cases a <span class="hlt">rupture</span> followed a so-called incomplete <span class="hlt">rupture</span> on the same side. 9 patients had had a tendonrupture of the other side between 2.5 and 10 years previously. 85.4% of the <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> took place during a sporting activity. Of the 93 patients 55 (59%) regularly took part in long term sporting activities. Symptoms in the area of one or both achilles tendons were experienced by 32% of the patients. 80 patients with an achilles tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> who were operated within 10 days demonstrated structural degeneration of at least moderate proportions, mostly severe or very severe (there was no relationship between the degree of degeneration and the age of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>). The signs of repair were consistent with the age of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span>. In 56% of the <span class="hlt">ruptures</span> up to four days old the repair process was considerably more advanced than the age of the <span class="hlt">rupture</span> would suggest. 6 of 10 patients with the so-called "Archillodynie" demonstrated minor changes although 3 had more severe degenerative changes. Our inquiry clearly demonstrates that structural changes in the tendon took place before the injury. In the cases of achilles tendon <span class="hlt">rupture</span> the processes of repair are an-adequate to compensate for the degenerative changes. The etiology of the structural degenerations is dependent on many endogenous and exogenous factors particularly the inadequacy of the repair processes. 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