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1

Primary yolk sac tumor of the cerebellar vermis: a case report.  

PubMed

Extragonadal germ cell tumors are rare and comprise 2-5% of all germ cell tumors. Seminoma/dysgerminoma, teratoma, yolk sac tumor (YST) and mixed germ cell tumors are few of the extragonadal germ cell tumors arising within the brain. Of these, primary pure YSTs arising in the brain are extremely rare and arise in the pineal (62%) and suprasellar (31%) regions. Primary YST occurring in the cerebellum is exceedingly rare, associated with a very poor prognosis and has been reported in less than 10 cases in literature. We herein report a case of primary pure yolk sac tumor in the cerebellar vermis in a 2-year-old child. PMID:24943765

Shenoy, Asha S; Desai, Heena M; Tyagi, Devendra K; Savant, Hemant V; Kavishwar, Vikas S; Balasubramaniam, Meenakshi

2014-01-01

2

Identification and characterization of cancer stem cells in ovarian yolk sac tumors.  

PubMed

Recent evidence supports the cancer stem cell theory, that is, that malignant tumors arise from cells termed cancer stem cells or tumor-initiating cells that have the ability to self-renew and are responsible for maintaining the tumor. Cells with marked tumor-initiating capacity have recently been identified in a number of solid tumors. CD133 (PROM1, human prominin-1) has been used as a marker to detect stem cells (progenitor cells) and cancer stem cells (tumor-initiating cells) in various tissues. Ovarian yolk sac tumors (YSTs) are rare and highly malignant. The present study was designed to evaluate the tumor-forming ability of CD133(+) cells in ovarian YST cell lines and to examine the characteristics of CD133(+) cells, such as cell growth and invasiveness. Our data suggest ovarian YST to be maintained by a rare fraction of cancer stem-like cells that express the cell surface marker CD133. PMID:20804503

Suzuki, Shiro; Terauchi, Mikio; Umezu, Tomokazu; Kajiyama, Hiroaki; Shibata, Kiyosumi; Nawa, Akihiro; Kikkawa, Fumitaka

2010-10-01

3

Cerebrospinal fluid cytology of an endolymphatic sac tumor.  

PubMed

Endolymphatic sac tumor (ELST) is a rare neoplasm which is seldom evaluated by cytopathology. We report the clinicopathologic course and cytologic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in a 58-year-old patient with brainstem lesions who originally presented with vertigo but progressed to having left 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th cranial nerve palsies, right-sided weakness, and occipital headaches. Cytospin of the CSF revealed large epithelioid cells similar to cells seen in a surgical resection of a brain mass three months previously. Review of the surgical specimen revealed a well-differentiated glandular and papillary neoplasm, most consistent with an endolymphatic sac tumor. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2015;43:339-342. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25354959

Bynum, Jennifer P; Bishop, Justin; Ali, Syed Z

2015-04-01

4

Endolymphatic sac tumor with von Hippel-Lindau disease: report of a case with atypical pathology of endolymphatic sac tumor  

PubMed Central

The authors described a case of a patient with co-existing endolymphatic sac tumor (ELST) and hemangioblastoma in the posterior cranial fossa, which belonged to a subtype of Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease confirmed by the test of VHL-gene. The signs in this 42-year-old female included intermittent headache and dizziness. Imaging revealed a giant mass in the right cerebellopontine angle (CPA) region and another lesion in the left cerebellar hemisphere. The results of biopsy after two operations confirmed the diagnosis respectively. Both of the tumors were resected totally. Nevertheless, we had to confess the misdiagnosis as vascular tumor instead of ELST at the initial diagnosis because of the rarity of ELST associated with atypical histological characteristics. The purposes we reported this case were to describe the atypical pathological feature of ELST and the mutation of germline VHL not mentioned in previously literature, furthermore, to foster understanding of ELSTs with the avoidance of the similar misdiagnosis as far as possible in future. PMID:24966975

Yang, Xiang; Liu, Xue-Song; Fang, Yuan; Zhang, Xiu-Hui; Zhang, Yue-Kang

2014-01-01

5

Sustained Complete Remission in a Patient with Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Yolk sac tumors of the ovary are generally very responsive to chemotherapy; however, they are difficult to manage in the setting of platinum resistance where treatment options are limited and outcomes are poorer.Case. We present a 39-year-old woman who had a platinum-resistant yolk sac ovarian tumor. She achieved complete remission on an innovative regimen of docetaxel, gemcitabine, and thalidomide.Conclusion.

Alwin Jeyakumar; Eva Chalas; Alexander Hindenburg

2001-01-01

6

Giant cell tumor arising from anterior arc of the rib.  

PubMed

A primary giant cell tumor of the rib is very rare. The most common site of a giant cell tumor arising from the rib is the posterior arc. A giant cell tumor arising from the anterior arc of the rib is extremely rare. The treatment of a giant cell tumor of the rib is not well defined. Generally, a complete surgical resection is performed in a patient with a primary giant cell tumor of the rib. We report a case of a giant cell tumor arising from the anterior arc of the rib that was treated with a wide excision and chest wall reconstruction. PMID:24175276

Heo, Woon; Kang, Do Kyun; Min, Ho-Ki; Jun, Hee Jae; Hwang, Youn-Ho

2013-10-01

7

Yolk sac tumor of the seminal vesicles: A rare malignant cause of hematospermia.  

PubMed

Extra-gonadal yolk sac tumors (YSTs) are rare and generally associated with poor outcomes. Involvement of the seminal vesicles is extremely rare with only one previously described case. We report a case of a primary YST of the seminal vesicles and discuss the management strategy. PMID:25657559

Gill, Jonathan D; Bhattarai, Selina; Patel, Chirag N; Paul, Alan B

2015-01-01

8

Yolk sac tumor of the seminal vesicles: A rare malignant cause of hematospermia  

PubMed Central

Extra-gonadal yolk sac tumors (YSTs) are rare and generally associated with poor outcomes. Involvement of the seminal vesicles is extremely rare with only one previously described case. We report a case of a primary YST of the seminal vesicles and discuss the management strategy. PMID:25657559

Gill, Jonathan D.; Bhattarai, Selina; Patel, Chirag N.; Paul, Alan B.

2015-01-01

9

Retroperitoneal embryonal carcinoma/yolk sac tumor. A case report and a review of the histogenesis.  

PubMed

A case of 26-year old man, with a large primary retroperitoneal tumor which showed the pattern of embryonal carcinoma as well as yolk sac tumor, is reported. The disease ran an aggressive course and led to death within 8 months from the onset of clinical symptoms. Characteristic histological and ultrastructural patterns with Schiller-Duval bodies and adenocarcinomatous differentiation were accompanied by diffuse expression of alpha-fetoprotein and human chorionic gonadotropin expression in isolated cells, as well. The histogenesis of the tumor may be interpreted in terms of the reflection of the very early stages of the embryonal development rather than by the totipotent-neoplastic-germ-cell approach. PMID:3060042

Janda, J; Pecha, V; Petrík, F; Cízek, F; Berková, M; St?rba, J; Gottschalk, J

1988-01-01

10

Evaluation of cloned cells, animal model, and ATRA sensitivity of human testicular yolk sac tumor  

PubMed Central

The testicular yolk sac tumor (TYST) is the most common neoplasm originated from germ cells differentiated abnormally, a major part of pediatric malignant testicular tumors. The present study aimed at developing and validating the in vitro and vivo models of TYST and evaluating the sensitivity of TYST to treatments, by cloning human TYST cells and investigating the histology, ultra-structure, growth kinetics and expression of specific proteins of cloned cells. We found biological characteristics of cloned TYST cells were similar to the yolk sac tumor and differentiated from the columnar to glandular-like or goblet cells-like cells. Chromosomes for tumor identification in each passage met nature of the primary tumor. TYST cells were more sensitive to all-trans-retinoic acid which had significantly inhibitory effects on cell proliferation. Cisplatin induced apoptosis of TYST cells through the activation of p53 expression and down-regulation of Bcl- expression. Thus, we believe that cloned TYST cells and the animal model developed here are useful to understand the molecular mechanism of TYST cells and develop potential therapies for human TYST. PMID:22410253

2012-01-01

11

Primary yolk sac tumor of the endometrium: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

A 49-year-old woman was admitted with abnormal vaginal bleeding of 5 months duration. Hysteroscopy showed polypoid formations in the uterine cavity. Biopsy of a polyp revealed an anaplastic malignant tumor. A total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and iliac lymphadenectomy were performed. A polypoid soft white-yellowish tumor originated from the endometrium. The biopsies plus sections of the operative specimen were histologically similar and displayed typical features of yolk sac tumor (YST) with tubulo-papillary pattern. Schiller-Duval bodies and PAS-positive, diastase-resistant, hyaline droplets were present. There was no neoplastic involvement of the cervix, ovaries, and iliac lymph nodes. Tumor cells and hyaline globules were strongly immunoreactive with alpha-fetoprotein antibody. The patient refused chemotherapy and was subsequently treated by external radiotherapy. The patient remained free of disease 28 months after surgery. There are only four additional cases of primary YST of the endometrium reported in literature. On the basis of the small number of cases reported, such tumors appear to have clinical and pathological features similar to their ovarian counterparts. PMID:9740707

Spatz, A; Bouron, D; Pautier, P; Castaigne, D; Duvillard, P

1998-08-01

12

Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy arising in the temporal bone.  

PubMed

Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy is a rare melanin-containing neoplasm with locally aggressive and rapid expansile growth, usually involving the maxilla, skull, and mandible of early infancy. Radical surgery is critical for a long-term outcome. We present a case of 14-month-old girl with rapid-growing subcutaneous mass arising in the right temporal bone and extending intracranially on computed tomographic scan. Radical surgery was performed. A brownish-black tumor composed of large pigmented epithelioid cells, positive for cytokeratins and HMB-45, and nests of small neuroblast-like cells positive for neuron-specific enolase and synaptophysin, was diagnosed as melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy. The patient remained well without evidence of recurrence for 1 year after surgery. Clinicopathological features, management alternatives and outcome were discussed. PMID:23965399

Zhang, Jian-Guo; Zhao, Rui-Jiao; Kong, Ling-Fei

2015-04-01

13

A case report: primary extragonadal yolk sac tumor of penile shaft in a 2-year-old child.  

PubMed

A 2-year-old boy, who had the chief complaints of penile swelling and pain, was brought to the hospital by his mother. Penile contusion/trauma was suspected and he was admitted the same day to undergo emergency surgery to eliminate hematoma. The surgery revealed that the origin of the bleeding was not trauma but a tumor lesion of the penile shaft. It was histopathologically identified as a yolk sac tumor and no tumorous lesions were found except that in the penis. Therefore the patient was diagnosed as definitely having a yolk sac tumor originating in the penis. The patient received four cycles of cisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin treatment as adjuvant chemotherapy. Although it was impossible to completely resect the tumor, cisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin chemotherapy was effective and a complete response was achieved. We plan to carefully monitor the patient in the future. PMID:19416404

Nakazawa, Ryuto; Soneda, Shun; Kinoshita, Akitoshi; Kitagawa, Hiroaki; Koike, Junki; Chikaraishi, Tatsuya

2009-04-01

14

Naturally arising tumors of the inbred WAB/Not rat strain. II. Immunogenicity of transplanted tumors  

SciTech Connect

The immunogenicity of 28 transplanted naturally arising tumors of the inbred WAB/Not rat was investigated at early passages in strictly syngeneic, contemporary animals. Included were nephroblastomas, histologically benign and malignant mammary tumors, soft tissue and skin tumors, 1 lymphoid tumor, and 2 gastrointestinal lesions. In no case was evidence of immunogenicity observed when animals were treated with multiple grafts of irradiated (15,000 rad) tissue or by excision of a growing tumor. A few of these tumors were further investigated by other methods of immunization, including injection at various sites of irradiated cells followed by challenge at different sites and multiple injections of mitomycin C- or Formalin-treated cells. Again no evidence of immunogenicity was seen. Attempts to immunize with viable cells mixed with BCG or Corynebacterium parvum failed due to lack of tumor suppression by these agents. Limited concomitant immunity experiments yielded similarly negative results, except in one case of a fibrosarcoma for which a slight reduction in second tumor growth was observed when primary implants were very large. Some alterations in biologic properties during transplant passage and the incidence of postexcision recurrence and metastatic spread of some of the tumors are described.

Middle, J.G.; Embleton, M.J.

1981-09-01

15

Multicentric extra-abdominal desmoid tumors arising in bilateral lower limbs  

PubMed Central

Extra-abdominal desmoid tumors preferentially affect the shoulders, arms, backs, buttocks, and thighs of young adults. Multicentric occurrence is rather rare but seems to be another distinctive feature of extra-abdominal desmoid tumors. In this article we report a rare case of multicentric extra-abdominal desmoid tumors arising in bilateral lower limbs. PMID:21139941

Shimoyama, Tokiko; Hiraoka, Koji; Shoda, Takanori; Hamada, Tetsuya; Fukushima, Nobuhiro; Nagata, Kensei

2010-01-01

16

Primary juxtaovarian yolk sac tumor concurrent with an ipsilateral ovarian mature teratoma in an adult woman: a rare association  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Yolk sac tumor (YST) is a rare neoplasm that primarily occurs in the ovary in children and young women. Previously, it has been reported that the teratomatous components can be recognized in part of YSTs or appear in the contralateral ovary. Here, we report a rare case of an adult woman with a juxtaovarian YST concurrent with an ipsilateral ovarian mature teratoma. Methods: A 47-year-old woman found a pelvic mass for nine days and subsequently underwent debulking operation. The specimens were evaluated for detailed characterizations through gross examination, microscopy and immunohistochemistry. A literature review was performed and the pathogenesis was briefly discussed about the generation of an extraovarian YST concurrent with a teratoma. Results: The right juxtaovarian tumor showed typical histological patterns of YST. Immunostaining demonstrated the YST nature of Gly-3 and AFP positive tumor cells. The ipsilateral ovarian tumor was a common mature cystic teratoma with chronic fibrotic changes. According to the differences of the origin and the differentiation of the two germ cell tumors, we suspect that the occurrence of the teratoma is earlier than the YST. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first report of an adult woman with a juxtaovarian YST concurrent with an ipsilateral ovarian mature teratoma. PMID:25755817

Ma, Haifen; Yu, Jihong; Tang, Jingjing; Wang, Min

2015-01-01

17

Many postchemotherapy sarcomatous tumors in patients with testicular germ cell tumors are sarcomatoid yolk sac tumors: a study of 33 cases.  

PubMed

Sarcomatoid neoplasms in patients with testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) may show diverse lineages and are usually attributed to "transformation" of teratoma, although origin from yolk sac tumor (YST) has also been suggested. We evaluated 33 sarcomatoid tumors from 23 TGCT patients that lacked specific features of a defined sarcoma subtype for a number of features, including: atypia (mild, moderate, severe), cellularity, tumor necrosis, mitotic index, stromal vascularity, cell profile (spindle or epithelioid), and stromal quality (myxoid and/or fibrous). Immunohistochemical staining analyses directed against cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), SALL4, glypican-3 (GPC3), ?-fetoprotein (AFP), p63, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), CD34, MUC4, smooth muscle actin (SMA), desmin, caldesmon, and myogenin were performed. Staining intensity (0=negative, 1=weak, 2=moderate, 3=strong) and extent (0=<1%, 1=1% to 10%, 2=10% to 50%, 3=>50%) were scored. Tumor grade based on the French sarcoma grading system was assessed, with grades 2-3 considered high grade. Tumors with at least moderate intensity and >10% (+) cells for both AE1/AE3 and GPC3 were considered to be sarcomatoid YST (SYST); 22 tumors from 14 patients (ages 18 to 38 y, mean 27 y) met these criteria and were the focus of this study. All SYSTs occurred after chemotherapy (3 to 132 mo after TGCT diagnosis; mean 42.5 mo, median 30.5 mo). They had spindled (100%; 19 predominant) and epithelioid cells (77%; 3 predominant) in myxoid to fibrous stroma. Thirteen exhibited at least focally severe nuclear atypia. Distinctive tumor "ringlets" and intercellular basement membrane deposits (parietal YST differentiation) were common. In addition to positivity for AE1/AE3 and GPC3, 15/22 were SALL4 (+), 10/22 were at least focally CD34 (+), and 2/22 were focally p63 (+). Fifty percent exhibited smooth muscle differentiation as evidenced by desmin (8/19), caldesmon (2/4), and/or SMA (4/6) reactivity. AFP, MUC4, GFAP, and myogenin were negative in all cases. On follow-up, 8/14 patients died of disease at 7 to 217 months (mean 58 mo) after the initial SYST diagnosis, whereas 5/14 were alive and had no evidence of disease (ANED) at 1 to 259 months (mean 83 mo). One patient died of unrelated causes at 39 months. Of the 11 patients with high-grade tumors, 8 were dead of disease, 1 died of an unrelated cause, and 2 were ANED; all 3 patients with low-grade tumors were ANED at 41 to 262 months (mean 128 mo). We conclude that a high proportion of sarcomatoid tumors in postchemotherapy resections of TGCT patients are SYSTs. These typically occur several years after diagnosis and behave aggressively when high grade. PMID:25229769

Howitt, Brooke E; Magers, Martin J; Rice, Kevin R; Cole, Cristina D; Ulbright, Thomas M

2015-02-01

18

Primary Yolk Sac Tumor of the Endometrium: A Case Report and Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 49-year-old woman was admitted with abnormal vaginal bleeding of 5 months duration. Hysteroscopy showed polypoid formations in the uterine cavity. Biopsy of a polyp revealed an anaplastic malignant tumor. A total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and iliac lymphadenectomy were performed. A polypoid soft white-yellowish tumor originated from the endometrium. The biopsies plus sections of the operative specimen were histologically

Alain Spatz; Dorothée Bouron; Patricia Pautier; Damienne Castaigne; Pierre Duvillard

1998-01-01

19

Is radiosensitive cell line cross-sensitive to heat?: Effect of heat on two rat yolk sac tumor cell lines with different radiosensitivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The differences between two rat yolk sac tumor cell lines, which are of the same origin but differ in their response to irradiation, in thermal sensitivity and development of thermotolerance were investigated. A radiosensitive cell line NMT-1 is consistently less heat sensitive than the radioresistant cell line NMT-1R. The thermotolerances in NMT-1 and in NMT-1R preheated at 43°C for 30

Norio Mitsuhashi; Mohammad Shahidul Islam; Hideyuki Sakurai; Takeo Takahashi; Osamu Murata; Katsuya Maebayashi; Miwako Nozaki; Tetsuo Akimoto; Hiroyuki Muramatsu; Hideo Niibe

1999-01-01

20

Solitary fibromastocytic tumor arising in an inguinal lymph node: the first description of a unique spindle cell tumor simulating mastocytosis.  

PubMed

A 77-yr-old man presented with a right inguinal mass. At herniotomy, an enlarged inguinal lymph node was also removed. Gross examination revealed a firm gray tumorous nodule measuring 3 cm in maximum diameter. On histological examination, the lymphatic tissue was found to have been almost completely replaced by spindle-shaped tumor cells arranged in whorls and bundles. In Giemsa-stained sections, about one-third of the tumor cells were seen to be strongly metachromatic tissue mast cells. The other tumor cells reacted only with a monoclonal antibody against vimentin out of a broad panel of antibodies directed against various antigens expressed by leukocytes, mesenchymal cells, and epithelial cells. A small fraction of the nonmetachromatic tumor cells reacted with the proliferation-associated antibody MIB1. Immunostaining with an antibody against p53 tumor-suppressor gene products was negative. Electron-microscopic examination revealed mast cells containing abundant granules, which were intermingled with fibroblasts that had bizarre, elongated nuclei. No myofibroblasts, desmosomes, or basement membrane material were detected. Clinical examination revealed no abnormalities, and blood and bone marrow findings were completely normal. A diagnosis of solitary (apparently benign) fibromastocytic tumor was established on the basis of the relative tumor cell numbers, the cytological features, and the clinical data. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of a solitary spindle cell tumor arising in a lymph node and simulating mastocytosis. PMID:7892167

Horny, H P; Rabenhorst, G; Löffler, H; Kaiserling, E

1994-12-01

21

A case of solitary fibrous tumor arising from the palatine tonsil.  

PubMed

Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a distinctive, relatively uncommon soft-tissue neoplasm that usually arises from the pleura. It occurs at various sites; head and neck lesions are very rare. While most of these tumors have a benign course, a small number have malignant potential. We describe a rare case of SFT arising from the left palatine tonsil in a 66-year-old Japanese woman. The mass was completely resected. Immunohistochemical studies were strongly positive for CD34 and bcl-2, mildly positive for phosphorylated protein kinase B and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and negative for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and p53. These findings suggested that this tumor was benign. The patient showed no evidence of recurrence during 2 years of follow-up. We believe that the candidate prognostic marker should be checked to distinguish malignant from benign SFTs. PMID:25738718

Kanazawa, Takeharu; Kodama, Kozue; Nokubi, Mitsuhiro; Gotsu, Kazuo; Shinnabe, Akihiro; Hasegawa, Masayo; Kusaka, Gen; Iino, Yukiko

2015-03-01

22

Treatment of spontaneously arising retinoblastoma tumors in transgenic mice with an attenuated herpes simplex virus mutant.  

PubMed

The use of viruses to treat tumors has received renewed interest with the availability of genetically defined attenuated mutants. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 in particular has been shown to be effective for tumors of neuronal origin. However, the model systems used for these studies rely on the use of explanted tumor cells in immunodeficient animals. We have used a recently developed transgenic mouse model, wherein mice spontaneously develop retinoblastomas, to determine if a mutant HSV has a therapeutic effect against an endogenously arising tumor in an immunocompetent host. The injection of 1 x 10(6) PFU of the neuroattenuated HSV-1/HSV-2 recombinant RE6 into the vitreous of transgenic mice resulted in a significant inhibition of tumor growth compared to injection of medium alone (P = 0.0063). Immunohistochemical analysis of viral antigen showed that viral replication was restricted to focal areas of the tumors and the retinal pigment epithelium. Viral growth was not significantly different in the eyes of transgene-positive and transgene-negative mice, suggesting that enhanced replication in tumor cells may not explain the effects. Tumor cells in the treated eyes were significantly less differentiated than those in the untreated eyes (P = 0.04), suggesting that the virus may replicate better in certain cell types in the tumors. Although the injection of RE6 resulted in a difference in tumor size, the treatment did not result in the elimination of tumors in any of the mice improvements in the efficacy of tumor control are needed if this therapy is to be of use. PMID:9123872

Brandt, C R; Imesch, P D; Robinson, N L; Syed, N A; Untawale, S; Darjatmoko, S R; Chappell, R J; Heinzelman, P; Albert, D M

1997-03-01

23

Endoscopic full-thickness resection for gastric submucosal tumors arising from the muscularis propria layer  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy, safety and feasibility of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) for the treatment of gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs) arising from the muscularis propria. METHODS: A total of 35 gastric SMTs arising from the muscularis propria layer were resected by EFR between January 2010 and September 2013. EFR consists of five major steps: injecting normal saline into the submucosa; pre-cutting the mucosal and submucosal layers around the lesion; making a circumferential incision as deep as the muscularis propria around the lesion using endoscopic submucosal dissection and an incision into the serosal layer around the lesion with a Hook knife; a full-thickness resection of the tumor, including the serosal layer with a Hook or IT knife; and closing the gastric wall with metallic clips. RESULTS: Of the 35 gastric SMTs, 14 were located at the fundus, and 21 at the corpus. EFR removed all of the SMTs successfully, and the complete resection rate was 100%. The mean operation time was 90 min (60-155 min), the mean hospitalization time was 6.0 d (4-10 d), and the mean tumor size was 2.8 cm (2.0-4.5 cm). Pathological examination confirmed the presence of gastric stromal tumors in 25 patients, leiomyomas in 7 and gastric autonomous nerve tumors in 2. No gastric bleeding, peritonitis or abdominal abscess occurred after EFR. Postoperative contrast roentgenography on the third day detected no contrast extravasation into the abdominal cavity. The mean follow-up period was 6 mo, with no lesion residue or recurrence noted. CONCLUSION: EFR is efficacious, safe and minimally invasive for patients with gastric SMTs arising from the muscularis propria layer. This technique is able to resect deep gastric lesions while providing precise pathological information about the lesion. With the development of EFR, the indications of endoscopic resection might be extended. PMID:25320536

Huang, Liu-Ye; Cui, Jun; Lin, Shu-Juan; Zhang, Bo; Wu, Cheng-Rong

2014-01-01

24

[Papilloma of the lacrimal sac].  

PubMed

The benign lesions of the lacrimal sac are very rare. The most typical epithelial tumor is squamous papilloma. This tumors often present with symptoms of dacryostenosis and dacriocystitis. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is known to be causative agent in the development of epithelial tumor. Lacrimal sac tumors could transform to malignant neoplasms, especially if they are developed of coexisting HPV infection. We present a patient with a squamous papilloma of the lacrimal sac and discussed the method of treatment. The patient was suffered from epiphora and recurrent dacriocystitis. An endoscopic surgery with dacriocystorhinostomy and local resection of the tumor could be an effective method of choice. The usage of a shaver for wide removal of the lacrimal sac wall is recommended to prevent local recurrence. The histopathology examination showed squamous papilloma. The patient is free of the disease over 8 months of follow up. Primary lacrimal sac papilloma require long term follow up for recurrence or malignant transformation. HPV infection could be associated with the development of lacrimal sac papillomas. PMID:23374665

Burduk, Pawe? K; Seredyka-Burduk, Ma?gorzata; Ka?mierczak, Wojciech; Dalke, Krzysztof; Marsza?ek, Andrzej

2013-01-01

25

Coincidence between malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor arising in the gastric serosa and lung adenocarcinoma.  

PubMed

A 4-mo history of both epigastralgia and back pain was presented in a 39-year-old male. Computed tomography showed right lung nodule and abdominal mass attached to the gastric wall, measuring approximately 30 mm and 70 mm in diameter. Since biopsy samples from the lung and abdomen revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and malignant tumor, clinicians first interpreted the abdominal mass as metastatic carcinoma, and a right lower lobectomy with following resection of the mass was performed. Gross examination of both lesions displayed gray-whitish to yellow-whitish cut surfaces with hemorrhagic and necrotic foci, and the mass attached to the serosa of the lesser curvature on the gastric body. On microscopic examination, the lung tumor was composed of a proliferation of highly atypical epithelial cells having abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, predominantly arranged in an acinar or solid growth pattern with vessel permeation, while the abdominal tumor consisted of sheets or nests with markedly atypical epithelioid cells having pleomorphic nuclei and abundant eosinophilic to clear cytoplasm focally in a radial perivascular or infiltrative growth pattern. Immunohistochemically, the latter cells were positive for HMB45 or ?-smooth muscle actin, but the former ones not. Therefore, we finally made a diagnosis of malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) arising in the gastric serosa, combined with primary lung adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, small papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland was identified. The current case describes the coincidence of malignant PEComa with other carcinomas, posing a challenge in distinction from metastatic tumor disease. PMID:25632212

Yamada, Sohsuke; Nabeshima, Atsunori; Noguchi, Hirotsugu; Nawata, Aya; Nishii, Hisae; Guo, Xin; Wang, Ke-Yong; Hisaoka, Masanori; Nakayama, Toshiyuki

2015-01-28

26

Coincidence between malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor arising in the gastric serosa and lung adenocarcinoma  

PubMed Central

A 4-mo history of both epigastralgia and back pain was presented in a 39-year-old male. Computed tomography showed right lung nodule and abdominal mass attached to the gastric wall, measuring approximately 30 mm and 70 mm in diameter. Since biopsy samples from the lung and abdomen revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and malignant tumor, clinicians first interpreted the abdominal mass as metastatic carcinoma, and a right lower lobectomy with following resection of the mass was performed. Gross examination of both lesions displayed gray-whitish to yellow-whitish cut surfaces with hemorrhagic and necrotic foci, and the mass attached to the serosa of the lesser curvature on the gastric body. On microscopic examination, the lung tumor was composed of a proliferation of highly atypical epithelial cells having abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, predominantly arranged in an acinar or solid growth pattern with vessel permeation, while the abdominal tumor consisted of sheets or nests with markedly atypical epithelioid cells having pleomorphic nuclei and abundant eosinophilic to clear cytoplasm focally in a radial perivascular or infiltrative growth pattern. Immunohistochemically, the latter cells were positive for HMB45 or ?-smooth muscle actin, but the former ones not. Therefore, we finally made a diagnosis of malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) arising in the gastric serosa, combined with primary lung adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, small papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland was identified. The current case describes the coincidence of malignant PEComa with other carcinomas, posing a challenge in distinction from metastatic tumor disease. PMID:25632212

Yamada, Sohsuke; Nabeshima, Atsunori; Noguchi, Hirotsugu; Nawata, Aya; Nishii, Hisae; Guo, Xin; Wang, Ke-Yong; Hisaoka, Masanori; Nakayama, Toshiyuki

2015-01-01

27

Management of a Type I Hypersensitivity Reaction to IV Etoposide in a Woman with a Yolk Sac Tumor: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Type I hypersensitivity reactions to intravenous administration of etoposide are extremely rare. Etoposide is an essential component of several chemotherapy regimens used in gynecologic oncology, and discontinuation of this drug during a course of treatment should only be due to severe patient intolerance. We report the successful use of intravenous etoposide phosphate as a substitute drug in a patient with a yolk sac tumor who manifested a Type I hypersensitivity to intravenous etoposide. The patient ultimately completed all 4 cycles of bleomycin, etoposide, cisplatin (BEP) using etoposide phosphate as a substitute drug. PMID:22567517

Starks, David; Prinz, Deborah; Armstrong, Amy; Means, Lindsay; Waggoner, Steven; DeBernardo, Robert

2011-01-01

28

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising in a traumatic neuroma: a case report.  

PubMed

A 67-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer presented with a soft tissue mass at the site of a remote, non-neoplastic lumbar surgery. Excisional biopsy revealed a traumatic neuroma. Five years later she re-presented with a rapidly growing, tender nodule at the same site. An excisional biopsy was again performed and revealed a tumor composed of malignant epithelioid and spindle cells merging imperceptibly with residual traumatic neuroma. The malignant cells were positive for vimentin, S-100 and micropthalmia transcription factor. They were negative for cytokeratins, muscle markers, Melan-A, HMB45, glial fibrillary acidic protein, and myelin basic protein. Electron microscopy showed no melanosomes. The diagnosis of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising within a long-standing traumatic neuroma was rendered and represents a hitherto unreported origin of this rare, aggressive soft tissue sarcoma. PMID:23701941

Kos, Zuzana; Robertson, Susan J; Purgina, Bibianna M; Verma, Shailendra; Gravel, Denis H

2013-10-01

29

Androgen-Receptor Positive Lacrimal Sac Adenocarcinoma Demonstrating Long-Lasting Response to LHRH Analog Plus Abiraterone Treatment  

PubMed Central

Tumors arising at the lacrimal sac are extremely rare, as a limited number of cases have been reported worldwide. They are commonly primary and the majority of them are malignant and epithelial in origin. Adenocarcinomas account for a small percentage of these tumors. Treatment of local disease mainly includes complete surgical resection. However, metastatic disease has a poor prognosis and the development of new treatment strategies is highly important. Research efforts mainly focus on the identification of molecular targets for therapy. Herein, we describe for the first time a case of a patient with an androgen receptor expressing adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal sac that had an impressive response to abiraterone. PMID:25699235

Vagia, Elena; Economopoulou, Panagiota; Oikonomopoulos, Nikolaos; Athanasiadis, Ilias; Dimitriadis, George; Psyrri, Amanda

2015-01-01

30

Treatment of Spontaneously Arising Retinoblastoma Tumors in Transgenic Mice with an Attenuated Herpes Simplex Virus Mutant  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of viruses to treat tumors has received renewed interest with the availability of genetically defined attenuated mutants. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 in particular has been shown to be effective for tumors of neuronal origin. However, the model systems used for these studies rely on the use of explanted tumor cells in immunodeficient animals. We have used

Curtis R Brandt; Pascal D Imesch; Nancy L Robinson; Nasreen A Syed; Seema Untawale; Soesiawati R Darjatmoko; Richard J Chappell; Paul Heinzelman; Daniel M Albert

1997-01-01

31

Ectomesenchymoma with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and ganglioneuroma, arising in association with benign triton tumor of the tongue.  

PubMed

Soft-tissue tumors known as "triton" tumors are rare lesions containing neural tissue and skeletal muscle at varying levels of maturity and malignant potential. Benign triton tumors, also called "neuromuscular choristomas" or "neuromuscular hamartomas," consist of neural tissue containing mature skeletal muscle in intimate relationship with peripheral nerve. These tumors are rare in the head and neck in children. Ectomesenchymomas are similar tumors consisting of a malignant mesenchymal component, usually embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, and a neuroectodermal component represented by mature ganglion cells or primitive neuroblastic/neuroectodermal foci (primitive ectomesenchymoma). Benign triton tumors have been regarded as benign, whereas ectomesenchymomas have been operationally considered to be variants of rhabdomyosarcoma. We present here a unique case that combines features of these 2 entities in a recurrent lesion on the tongue of a 35-month-old girl. This lesion raises questions about the "benign" nature of benign triton tumor and its possible relationship to ectomesenchymoma. PMID:24650353

VandenHeuvel, Katherine A; Carpentieri, David F; Chen, Jie; Fung, Kar-Ming; Parham, David M

2014-01-01

32

Primary primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising in the mesentery and ileocecum: A report of three cases and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is most commonly encountered in the soft tissue or bone in children and young adults, and its involvement in the intestines is exceedingly rare. To the best of our knowledge, eighteen cases have been reported to date. The present study reports three cases of PNET arising in the mesentery and ileocecum in 59- and 22-year-old males and a 36-year-old female. Computed tomography revealed a solid mass in the lower abdomen, with areas of cystic changes. Microscopically, the tumors were composed of small round cells arranged in sheets and rosettes with scant cytoplasm, hyperchromatic nuclei and a high mitotic rate. The tumor cells were immunopositive for CD99 and FLI1. EWS/FLI1 translocations were detected in all cases. Case 1 and case 2 underwent tumor resection without any preoperative radiotherapy, chemotherapy or biological therapy. Case 3 underwent tumor resection and received eight cycles of IAP chemotherapy (2.0 mg ifosfamide, 80 mg epirubicin, 30 mg cisplatin 30mg). Case 3 was followed up for 34 months until they succumbed to peritoneal recurrence, whereas the other cases were not followed up. The incidence of these small round-cell tumors in the intestinal system, their clinical and pathological features and differential diagnosis are discussed with a review of the literature. PMID:25780425

PENG, LIBO; YANG, LIMIN; WU, NAN; WU, BO

2015-01-01

33

A Pancreatic Head Tumor Arising as a Duodenal GIST: A Case Report and Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract that originate from the intestinal cells of Cajal (ICC) (Fletcher et al., 2002). Only a few cases have been described with extragastrointestinal stromal tumors (Kim et al., 2012; Soufi et al., 2013; Meng et al., 2011). They are often diagnosed as a pancreatic head tumor as they are very difficult to relate to the duodenum with CT, MRI, or ultrasound. We present a case of a sixty-four-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain and cardialgia for a follow-up examination after breast cancer surgery. On laparotomy there was a 3?×?5?cm hypervascular mass arising from the pancreatic head with macroscopically no attachment to the duodenum. The patient underwent pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) modified after Traverso-Longmire, histopathology proved a duodenal GIST. This case proves that duodenal GISTs can grow invasively into the pancreas and appear as solid pancreas head tumor; therefore, these tumors should be included into differential diagnosis. PMID:25295063

Bormann, Fabian; Wild, Wolfgang; Aksoy, Hüseyin; Dörr, Pius; Schmeck, Sanja; Schwarzbach, Matthias

2014-01-01

34

Juvenile granulosa cell tumor arising in ovarian adenosarcoma: an unusual form of sarcomatous overgrowth.  

PubMed

We report 2 ovarian neoplasms in women aged 58 and 69 years composed of an admixture of adenosarcoma and a predominant stromal component morphologically and immunohistochemically in keeping with juvenile granulosa cell tumor. As far as we are aware, this association has not been reported previously. We speculate that, in both cases, the juvenile granulosa cell tumor component arose from the adenosarcoma as an unusual form of sarcomatous overgrowth of sex cord elements. PMID:25656930

Carleton, Claire; Houghton, Oisín P; McCluggage, W Glenn

2015-04-01

35

Tumor cell hyperresistance to photodynamic killing arising from nitric oxide preconditioning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Relatively little is known about how nitric oxide (NO) generated by tumor vascular cells or tumor cells themselves might affect the outcome of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Using a breast tumor epithelial line (COH-BR1) metabolically sensitized with protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) by pre-treating with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), we have recently shown that NO from chemical donors can elicit both an immediate (NO-now) and delayed (NO-then) hyperresistance to photokilling. Cell death was mainly apoptotic when PpIX was confined to mitochondria, but mainly necrotic when it was allowed to diffuse to the cell periphery. We found that NO-now operates primarily by scavenging lipid-derived free radicals, whereas NO-then "preconditions" cells by some other mechanism. In addressing this, we have used a biologically relevant NO donor/tumor target model, viz. RAW 264.7 macrophages grown on microporous membrane inserts and COH-BR1 cells grown in culture plate wells. The RAW cells were activated with lipopolysaccharide, and 15 h later (when NO output was ~ 2 ?M/h) placed over the tumor cells for 20 h, after which the latter were ALA-treated and then irradiated. Prior exposure to activated RAW macrophages reduced tumor cell photokilling by >50 %. This effect was completely lost when the RAW cells were pre-treated with the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NAME, confirming that NO was involved in the hyperresistance. Results from other experiments suggest that heme oxygenase-1 and ferritin play a role in the preconditioning effect described. These studies provide new insights into how NO might modulate PDT efficacy.

Niziolek-Kierecka, Magdalena; Korytowski, Witold; Girotti, Albert W.

2007-02-01

36

Two Cases of Glomus Tumor Arising in Large Airway: Well Organized Radiologic, Macroscopic and Microscopic Findings  

PubMed Central

Glomus tumors of the lung are rare benign neoplasm, originating from modified smooth muscle cells. The patients are usually presented with no or non-specific symptoms such as cough, dyspnea or hemoptysis. Although surgical treatment is considered as the treatment of choice, the endobronchial therapy can be applied to the patients who are unfit for surgical excision. Herein, we describe two rare cases of glomus tumor originated at large airway (trachea and main bronchus) without respiratory symptoms and review their characteristic radiologic, macroscopic and pathological features. PMID:24523816

Choi, In Ho; Song, Dae Hyun; Kim, Jhingook

2014-01-01

37

Hypercalcemia Associated with a Malignant Brenner Tumor Arising from a Mature Cystic Teratoma  

PubMed Central

A 60-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain and weight loss and was found to have serum calcium of 15.0 mg/dl. Serum parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) returned elevated. Imaging suggested bilateral mature cystic teratomas. Her hypercalcemia was treated initially with intravenous saline, as well as intramuscular and subcutaneous calcitonin. She underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and final pathology revealed malignant Brenner tumor in association with a mature cystic teratoma. Her postoperative PTHrP returned less than assay, and her total and ionized calcium fell below normal, requiring supplemental calcium and vitamin D. At follow-up one month after discharge, her calcium had normalized. We present the first reported case of hypercalcemia occurring in association with a malignant Brenner tumor. Malignancy-associated hypercalcemia occurs via four principal mechanisms: (1) tumor production of PTHrP; (2) osteolytic bone involvement by primary tumor or metastasis; (3) ectopic activation of vitamin D to 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D, and (4) ectopic production of parathyroid hormone. PTHrP-mediated hypercalcemia is the most common mechanism and was responsible in this case. In patients with paraneoplastic hypercalcemia who undergo surgical treatment, close monitoring and management of serum calcium is necessary both pre- and postoperatively. PMID:23185165

Honigberg, Michael C.; Bradford, Leslie S.; Prabhakar, Anand M.; Hariri, Lida P.; Goodman, Annekathryn

2012-01-01

38

TERATOMA WITH MALIGNANT TRANSFORMATION: DIVERSE MALIGNANT HISTOLOGIES ARISING IN MEN WITH GERM CELL TUMORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTeratoma with malignant transformation refers to a form of germ cell tumor in which a somatic teratomatous component becomes morphologically malignant and develops aggressive growth. We evaluated the spectrum of histologies, chromosomal abnormalities and clinical outcome in patients with teratoma with malignant transformation.

Robert J. Motzer; Alison Amsterdam; Victor Prieto; Joel Sheinfeld; V. V. V. S. Murty; Madhu Mazumdar; George J. Bosl; R. S. K. Chaganti; Victor E. Reuter

1998-01-01

39

Lack of effect of carcinogen treatment on development of tumors arising spontaneously in Fischer 344 rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incidence of a set of neoplasms arising “spontaneously” in Fischer 344 (F344) rats was determined in control and carcinogen?treated animals. Data were obtained from approximately 9000 rats (4000 males and 5000 females) used to study the carcinogenicity of a variety of alkylating compounds, including N?nitroso compounds, azoxyalkanes, and triazenes. In these experiments treated rats and controls were allowed to

William Lijinsky; Charles W. Riggs; Paul T. Walters

1993-01-01

40

Genetic analysis of nonpathogenic Agrobacterium tumefaciens mutants arising in crown gall tumors.  

PubMed Central

Little is known about the effect of the host on the genetic stability of bacterial plant pathogens. Crown gall, a plant disease caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, may represent a useful model to study this effect. Indeed, our previous observations on the natural occurrence and origin of nonpathogenic agrobacteria suggest that the host plant might induce loss of pathogenicity in populations of A. tumefaciens. Here we report that five different A. tumefaciens strains initially isolated from apple tumors produced up to 99% nonpathogenic mutants following their reintroduction into axenic apple plants. Two of these five strains were also found to produce mutants on pear and/or blackberry plants. Generally, the mutants of the apple isolate D10B/87 were altered in the tumor-inducing plasmid, harboring either deletions in this plasmid or point mutations in the regulatory virulence gene virG. Most of the mutants originating from the same tumor appeared to be of clonal origin, implying that the host plants influenced agrobacterial populations by favoring growth of nonpathogenic mutants over that of wild-type cells. This hypothesis was confirmed by coinoculation of apple rootstocks with strain D10B/87 and a nonpathogenic mutant. PMID:7601840

Bélanger, C; Canfield, M L; Moore, L W; Dion, P

1995-01-01

41

A Rare Case of Endolymphatic Sac Tumour: Clinicopathologic Study and Surgical Management  

PubMed Central

Objective. Endolymphatic sac tumor (ELST) is a rare neoplasm arising from the intrapetrous portion of the endolymphatic sac, either isolated or in association with the von Hippel-Lindau disease. We report a sporadic case of ELST with an overview of the literature and a discussion of clinic-radiological, histopathologic, and surgical findings. Case Report. A young woman presented with a progressive hearing loss in the left ear. Otoscopy showed a reddish, bleeding hypotympanic mass. CT demonstrated an expansile lytic mastoid lesion extending to the middle ear, with bone erosion. MRI confirmed a lesion of increased signal on T1-weighted sequences. The patient underwent a canal wall-down tympanoplasty with complete removal of the tumor. Histopathology was consistent with a papillary ELST. Immunohistochemistry was positive for cytokeratin and chromogranin A. Conclusion. This paper highlights the rarity of ELST, the need for an accurate neuroradiological and immunohistochemical study at the early stages, and the timeliness of surgical treatment. PMID:24991442

Ferri, Emanuele; Amadori, Maurizio; Armato, Enrico; Pavon, Ida

2014-01-01

42

Concurrent Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor Arising from the Omentum and Grade 3 Endometrial Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma of the Uterus with p53 Immunoreactivity  

PubMed Central

A malignant solitary fibrous tumor arising from the omentum is extremely rare. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a malignant solitary fibrous omentum tumor coexisting with uterine corpus cancer. A 62-year-old woman presented to our hospital with vaginal discharge. Endometrioid adenocarcinoma was diagnosed by endometrial curettage. In addition, a solid tumor in front of the uterus was detected following computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging, which was suspected to be a primary (or secondary) malignant tumor arising from the omentum. Hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, omentectomy, and lymphadenectomy were performed. A malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the omentum and grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus were diagnosed by pathohistological analysis. Interestingly, the tumor cells were immunoreactive for p53. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered for the uterine corpus cancer and the patient remains healthy 48 months after the surgery. These tumors may have become malignant due to the presence of p53 mutations. PMID:25114818

Nobuhara, Ichiro; Haruta, Noriko; Higashiura, Yumi; Watanabe, Hideki; Ohno, Sumire

2014-01-01

43

Characterization of EBV-related Lymphoproliferative Lesions Arising in Donor Lymphocytes of Transplanted Human Tumor Tissues in the NOG Mouse  

PubMed Central

Human tumor tissue line models established in the severely immunodeficient NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Il2rgtm1Sug/Jic (NOD/Shi-scid, IL-2R?null or NOG) mouse are important tools for oncology research. During the establishment process, a lymphoproliferative lesion (LPL) that replaces the original tumor cells in the site of transplantation occurs. In the present study, we studied the impact of the LPL on the establishment process and the characteristics of the lesion, investigated the systemic distribution of the lesion in the mouse, and evaluated the potential of a simple identification method. The incidence of the lesion varied among tumor types, and the lesion was found to be the leading cause of unsuccessful establishment with gastric and colorectal cancer. The lesion consisted of a varying population of proliferating lymphoid cells that expressed CD20. The cells were positive for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related antigens, and EBV DNA was detected. There was systemic distribution of the lesion within the NOG mouse, and the most consistent gross finding was splenomegaly. Additionally, identification of LPL-affected cases was possible by detecting splenomegaly in the 1st and 2nd generation mice at necropsy. From our findings the lesion was judged to arise from EBV-infected B cells originating from the donor, and monitoring splenomegaly at necropsy was thought effective as a simple method for identifying the lesion at an early stage of the establishment process. PMID:25077758

Fujii, Etsuko; Kato, Atsuhiko; Chen, Yu Jau; Matsubara, Koichi; Ohnishi, Yasuyuki; Suzuki, Masami

2014-01-01

44

Better grade of tumor differentiation of oral squamous cell carcinoma arising in background of oral submucous fibrosis.  

PubMed

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder of the oral cavity. Most of the people affected by OSMF are betel quid chewers. It is characterized by epithelial atrophy and progressive accumulation of collagen fibers in lamina propria and submucosa of the oral mucosa. 7.6% of OSMF cases undergo oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) transformation of which majority display low grade of tumor differentiation. In the present paper, a hypothesis has been proposed to correlate atrophy, turnover rate and surface keratization in OSMF with degree of tumor differentiation in OSCC. A novel hypothesis for epithelial atrophy in OSMF has also been emphasized. High proliferative activity and basal cell hyperplasia in conjunction with rapid exfoliation of superficial cells and epithelial atrophy suggest that epithelial turnover rate is very high in OSMF. Presence of surface keratinized layer in this situation suggests faster maturation or differentiation of epithelium in OSMF. Thus, the epithelial cells are genetically programmed for high turnover rate and faster differentiation or maturation to form keratin. During malignant transformation of OSMF, the transformed epithelial cells may retain the genetic memory of faster differentiation and maturation resulting in better grade of tumor differentiation. The well differentiated OSCC has good prognosis, better survival rate and less chances of recurrence of regional and distant metastasis. Studies are needed to explore the biomarkers or molecular markers associated with carcinogenesis like genetic instability, oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes and angiogenesis in OSCC associated with OSMF. If investigated in the suggested direction, it might provide some important clues about the pathogenesis of OSCC arising in background of OSMF and for the future development of treatment strategies. PMID:23891040

Sarode, Sachin C; Sarode, Gargi S

2013-10-01

45

Information Cul de Sac  

E-print Network

Korea has a "comprehensive official fantasy worldview" which even the smallest of outside information leaks could easily destroy. And so, instead of the information superhighway, North Korea has the information cul de sac. #ceas #hacker #North...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2007-01-10

46

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) arising from the acoustic nerve in a young adult: a case report and a review of literature.  

PubMed

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RTs) are rare, highly malignant central nervous system tumors that predominantly occur in young children. A 22-year-old woman presented with a 4-year history of relapsing tinnitus and gradual hearing loss. Neuroimaging revealed an enhanced intrinsic left internal auditory canal mass. The patient underwent radiotherapy treatment. Three years later, the tumor size continued to increase, as observed by imaging, and ultimately evolved into the left cerebellopontine angle. As a consequence, a total tumor resection was performed, and a pathological diagnosis of AT/RT was made. Aggressive radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment continued; however, the tumor recurred within 11 months after the total tumor resection. The patient died within 4 months of the second operation. Histopathologically, the tumor contained characteristic rhabdoid cells with areas that resembled a classical primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Immunostaining showed loss of INI1 protein expression in tumor cells, and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed a hemizygous deletion of the hSNF5/INI1 gene region on 22q11.2. This is the first report of an AT/RT that arised from the acoustic nerve in a young adult. Despite manifold diagnostic and therapeutic advances, the prognosis of patients with AT/RT remains poor. PMID:25634176

Wang, Xingfu; Liu, Xueyong; Lin, Zhixiong; Chen, Yupeng; Wang, Pengcheng; Zhang, Sheng

2015-01-01

47

Pituitary tumors arising from glycoprotein hormone alpha-subunit-deficient mice contain transcription factors and receptors present in thyrotropes.  

PubMed

Glycoprotein-hormone alpha-subunit deficient (alphaSUnull) mice are hypothyroid and hypogonadal due to the absence of functional TSH, LH and FSH, despite normal production of the corresponding beta subunits. Pituitary tumors spontaneously developing in alphaSUnull mice were propagated in hypothyroid mice. The purpose of the current studies was to compare the gene expression profile of these alphaSUnull tumors with previously characterized TtT-97 thyrotropic tumors. A group of animals bearing each tumor type was treated with thyroid hormone (T4) prior to tumor removal. Both tumor types equally expressed TSHbeta mRNA, which significantly decreased when exposed to T4, whereas alpha-subunit mRNA was absent in alphaSUnull tumors. Northern blot analysis was performed using cDNA probes for the following transcription factors: Pit1, GATA2, pLIM, Msx1, Ptx1 and Ptx2. Both tumors were found to contain identical transcripts with similar responses to T4, with the exception of Pit1. In contrast to the signal pattern seen in TtT-97, only two bands were seen in alphaSUnull tumors, which were similar in size to those in alphaTSH cells, a thyrotropic cell line that lacks TSHbeta-subunit expression and Pit1 protein. However, western blot analysis revealed a protein band in the alphaSUnull tumors consistent with Pit1, while this signal was absent in alphaTSH cells. Northern blot analysis was also performed with specific cDNA probes for the following receptors: TRbeta1, TRbeta2, TRalpha1, non-T3 binding alpha2, RXRgamma and Sst5. Similarly-sized transcripts were found in both types of tumor, although the signal for Sst5 was seen in T4-treated alphaSUnull tumors only with a more sensitive RT-PCR analysis. The overall similarity between the two tumor types renders the alphaSUnull tumor as a suitable thyrotropic tumor model. PMID:16703404

Sarapura, Virginia D; Wood, William M; Woodmansee, Whitney W; Haakinson, Danielle J; Dowding, Janet M; Gordon, David F; Ridgway, E Chester

2006-01-01

48

Synchronous primary carcinoid tumor and primary adenocarcinoma arising within mature cystic teratoma of horseshoe kidney: a unique case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Background Malignant transformation of mature cystic teratoma is a rare complication. While any of the constituent tissues of a teratoma has the potential to undergo malignant transformation, squamous cell carcinoma is the most commonly associated malignancy. Renal carcinoid tumors are rare and frequently associated with horseshoe kidney and renal teratoma. Renal teratoma rarely presents together with carcinoid tumor or adenocarcinoma. To the best of our knowledge, there has never been a report of renal teratoma coexisting with both carcinoid tumor and adenocarcinoma. Methods Here, we present a unique and first case of synchronous primary carcinoid tumor and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma arising within mature cystic teratoma of horseshoe kidney in a 50-year-old female. Lumbar spine X-ray, done for her complaint of progressive chronic low back pain, accidentally found a large calcification overlying the lower pole of the right kidney. Further radiologic studies revealed horseshoe kidney and a large multiseptated cystic lesion immediately anterior to the right renal pelvis with central calcification and peripheral enhancement. She underwent right partial nephrectomy. Results Macroscopically, the encapsulated complex solid and multiloculated cystic tumor with large calcification, focal thickened walls and filled with yellow-tan gelatinous material. Microscopically, the tumor showed coexistent mature cystic teratoma, moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma and carcinoid tumor. Immunohistochemically, alpha-methylacyl-coenzyme A-racemase, calretinin, CD10 and thyroid transcription factor-1 were negative in all the three components of the tumor. The teratomatous cysts lined by ciliated epithelium showed strong staining for cytokeratin 7 and pancytokeratin, and those lined by colonic-like epithelium showed strong staining for CDX2, cytokeratin 20 and pancytokeratin, but both were negative for calretinin. Additionally, the teratomatous cyst wall showed strong staining for smooth muscle actin, and weak staining for carbonic anhydrase IX, CD99, chromogranin and synaptophysin. The adenocarcinoma component was strongly positive for cytokeratin 7 and pancytokeratin, weakly positive for synaptophysin and CD56, and negative for carbonic anhydrase IX, CD99, CDX2, chromogranin, cytokeratin 20 and smooth muscle actin. The carcinoid tumor component was strongly positive for CD56, chromogranin and synaptophysin, weakly positive for pancytokeratin, and negative for carbonic anhydrase IX, CD99, CDX2, cytokeratin 7, cytokeratin 20 and smooth muscle actin. She received no adjuvant therapy and is alive without evidence of disease six months after diagnosis and surgery. Conclusion This unique and first case herein presented with synchronous primary carcinoid tumor and primary adenocarcinoma arising within mature cystic teratoma of horseshoe kidney emphasizes the need for thorough sectioning and entire submission for histologic evaluation of mature cystic teratomas, in order to avoid missing multiple additional histogenetically distinct neoplasms. PMID:19523243

Armah, Henry B; Parwani, Anil V; Perepletchikov, Aleksandr M

2009-01-01

49

Exceptionally large solitary fibrous tumor arising from the cheek: an immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study with a review of the literature.  

PubMed

Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mass-forming soft tissue tumor that occurs most commonly in the pleura, but has been described in various extrathoracic sites. Extrapleural manifestation of SFT, particularly in the head and neck region, is rare. The most common extrapleural site is the oral cavity; these tumors have also been described in the orbit, nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, and larynx. We report an extremely rare case of a SFT in the subcutaneous region of the cheek. This tumor in the left cheek was a large firm mass, approximately 8.5 cm × 6 cm in size and was successfully treated by surgical resection. Immunohistochemistry revealed reactivity for vimentin, CD34, and bcl-2, but no staining for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, S-100, desmin, caldesmon, actin, ?-smooth muscle actin, CD117, and CD99. Immunohistochemical study is the key to establish a definitive diagnosis of SFT, and ultrastructural study is also useful for making an accurate diagnosis. The patient recovered uneventfully without evidence of tumor recurrence 2 years after surgery. PMID:24221815

Satomi, Takafumi; Hasegawa, On; Abukawa, Harutsugu; Kohno, Michihide; Enomoto, Ai; Chikazu, Daichi; Matsubayashi, Jun; Nagao, Toshitaka

2014-06-01

50

Keratocystic odontogenic tumor arising at the mandibular ramus with an impacted tooth: a case report and mimic lesions.  

PubMed

Objectives: To consider the biologic behaviors of keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs) and ameloblastomas and dentigerous cysts. Methods: A 63-year-old Japanese man presented with swelling and discomfort in the left cheek during jaw movement. Examination revealed a multilocular lesion within the mandible extending from the left second premolar to the left mandibular ramus and coronoid process; the lesion contained a deviated impacted tooth. The tumor had expanded beyond the bone and was invading the masseter and medial pterygoid muscles. Marginal mandibulectomy with a free iliac bone graft was performed. Results: No recurrence was observed during a 7-year follow-up. Discussion: The histopathological diagnosis of the lesion showed it was a KCOT. These tumors usually grow within the bone, causing bone expansion. However, this tumor had expanded beyond the bone and invaded surrounding muscles. Thus, KCOTs can, in rare cases, manifest themselves as described here. Evaluating preoperative images and histopathological findings is important to determine the optimal treatment strategy. PMID:25371100

Kimura, Takashi; Ohba, Seigo; Yoshimura, Hitoshi; Fujita, Shuichi; Imamura, Yoshiaki; Kitagawa, Yoshimasa; Sano, Kazuo

2014-11-01

51

[Tumor of the peripheral nerve sheath with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation arising in a ganglioneuroma: neurilemmoma? A fortuitously detected case].  

PubMed

An otherwise healthy 21-year-old man with no evidence or family history of Von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis presented a posterior mediastinal mass detected on routine chest radiographs. The findings of standard light microscopy, ultrastructural examination and immunohistochemical studies suggested the working hypothesis of an unusual malignant "Triton" tumour: -arising in a pre-existing de novo ganglioneuroma; -fortuitously detected; -predominantly made of multinucleated spindle cells with only ultrastructural and immunohistochemical rhabdomyoblastic differentiation. PMID:8767682

Grippari, J L; Neveux, Y; Arborio, M; Jancovici, R; Cosnard, G; de Saint Maur, P P; Schill, H

1996-01-01

52

Wolf's post-herpetic isotopic response: Infections, tumors, and immune disorders arising on the site of healed herpetic infection.  

PubMed

Herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1/HSV-2) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) have several characteristics in common. Both are epidermoneurotropic, cause skin eruptions accompanied by sensory symptoms (itch, pain), damage peripheral sensory nerve fibers and cutaneous nerve endings, and interfere with neuromediator release, which can alter local mechanisms of immune control. For this reason, herpes-infected areas may become a preferential location for the subsequent onset of immunity-related skin disorders (infections, tumors, and dysimmune reactions), an event first reported by a neurologist and focused on by two brothers, a dermatologist and a pediatrician. The phenomenon therefore named Wolf's post-herpetic isotopic response (PHIR) refers to the occurrence of a new skin disorder at the site of a previous and already healed herpetic eruption (herpes zoster in most cases). Until now, we have been able to gather 189 well-documented cases of PHIR (all reported in the reference section), but our list is far from being complete. Some of the most emblematic cases are briefly described here. In some circumstances, the opposite of PHIR occurs, with diffuse skin disorders or eruptions that selectively spare herpes-infected areas (Wolf's post-herpetic isotopic nonresponse). Experimental investigations with patch testing have been performed in seven patients who were sensitized to nickel and had had herpes zoster in the past years. The tests were carried out bilaterally on the affected dermatomes and on the unaffected contralateral ones. The uneven immune responses we obtained have shown that the immune behavior of an herpes zoster-affected dermatome can be different from that of the corresponding contralateral dermatome, thus supporting the existence of immune dysregulation in herpes-infected areas. PMID:25160097

Ruocco, Vincenzo; Ruocco, Eleonora; Brunetti, Giampiero; Russo, Teresa; Gambardella, Alessio; Wolf, Ronni

2014-01-01

53

Peritoneal pseudomyxoma arising from the urachus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) arising from urachal tumors is extremely rare. To our knowledge, natural history, tumor biological behaviour, morbidity, treatment, and prognosis of PMP arising from the urachus are determined by the associated PMP. Management of urachal tumors with associated PMP should be based on aggressive locorregional therapy with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, similar to PMP arising from

Alejandra Martínez; Gwénael Ferron; Eliane Mery; Laurance Gladieff; Jean Pierre Delord; Denis Querleu

2010-01-01

54

Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Germ Cell Tumor; Teratoma; Choriocarcinoma; Germinoma; Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Yolk Sac Tumor; Childhood Teratoma; Malignant Germ Cell Neoplasm; Extragonadal Seminoma; Non-seminomatous Germ Cell Tumor; Seminoma

2015-03-24

55

Project ARISE  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project ARISE (American Renaissance in Science Education) is an initiative to restructure the high-school science curriculum by changing the order in which courses are traditionally taught--placing physics first, followed by chemistry, then biology (instead of biology-chemistry-physics). This approach to the science curriculum is a collaborative effort that brings teachers and scientists together in the educational process. Site materials include a brief overview of the program and a video presentation on the state of science education in the United States. There are also curriculum materials for each subject: sets of units on biology and physics, and tutorials and lab simulations for chemistry.

Dr. Leon Lederman

2006-02-13

56

Endolymphatic sac involvement in bacterial meningitis.  

PubMed

The commonest sequelae of bacterial meningitis are related to the inner ear. Little is known about the inner ear immune defense. Evidence suggests that the endolymphatic sac provides some protection against infection. A potential involvement of the endolymphatic sac in bacterial meningitis is largely unaccounted for, and thus the object of the present study. A well-established adult rat model of Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis was employed. Thirty adult rats were inoculated intrathecally with Streptococcus pneumoniae and received no additional treatment. Six rats were sham-inoculated. The rats were killed when reaching terminal illness or on day 7, followed by light microscopy preparation and PAS-Alcian blue staining. The endolymphatic sac was examined for bacterial invasion and leukocyte infiltration. Neither bacteria nor leukocytes infiltrated the endolymphatic sac during the first days. Bacteria invaded the inner ear through the cochlear aquaduct. On days 5-6, the bacteria invaded the endolymphatic sac through the endolymphatic duct subsequent to invasion of the vestibular endolymphatic compartment. No evidence of direct bacterial invasion of the sac through the meninges was found. Leukocyte infiltration of the sac occurred prior to bacterial invasion. During meningitis, bacteria do not invade the endolymphatic sac through the dura, but solely through the endolymphatic duct, following the invasion of the vestibular system. Leukocyte infiltration of the sac occurs prior to, as well as concurrent with bacterial invasion. The findings support the endolymphatic sac as part of an innate immune defense system protecting the inner ear from infection. PMID:24452771

Møller, Martin Nue; Brandt, Christian; Østergaard, Christian; Caye-Thomasen, Per

2015-04-01

57

Metastatic Cerebellar Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor with Obstructive Hydrocephalus Arising from the Small Intestine: A Case Report and Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is defined as a c-kit-positive gastrointestinal, mesenteric, or omental mesenchymal tumor that very rarely metastasizes to the brain. Metastasis to the cerebellum is particularly rare. An 80-year-old man presented with nausea and vomiting with disturbance of consciousness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed tumor in the cerebellar vermis causing obstructive hydrocephalus. The patient subsequently underwent midline suboccipital craniotomy, and the tumor was totally removed. Immunohistochemical analysis showed tumor cells positive for c-kit and CD34, and cerebellar metastasis of GIST was diagnosed. Postoperative radiotherapy was administered. Following surgery and radiotherapy, the patient developed ileus caused by tumor in the small intestine and underwent laparotomy for tumor removal. Following abdominal surgery, left hemiparesis and consciousness disturbance were noted. Computed tomography showed recurrent large tumor with perifocal edema in the right frontal lobe of the brain. The patient died 3 months after initial craniotomy. Intracranial metastasis of GIST is extremely rare. In cases such as the present, where the condition of the patient rapidly deteriorates and features such as rising intracranial pressure and ileus prevent the use of oral agents, molecular-targeted agents administered by intravenous infusion should be utilized. PMID:25610678

Sato, Kunitomo; Kato, Naoki; Ishii, Takuya; Terao, Toru; Murayama, Yuichi

2014-01-01

58

Synchronous primary carcinoid tumor and primary adenocarcinoma arising within mature cystic teratoma of horseshoe kidney: a unique case report and review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Malignant transformation of mature cystic teratoma is a rare complication. While any of the constituent tissues of a teratoma has the potential to undergo malignant transformation, squamous cell carcinoma is the most commonly associated malignancy. Renal carcinoid tumors are rare and frequently associated with horseshoe kidney and renal teratoma. Renal teratoma rarely presents together with carcinoid tumor or adenocarcinoma.

Henry B Armah; Anil V Parwani; Aleksandr M Perepletchikov

2009-01-01

59

SAC Minutes Wednesday, Jan 9, 2013  

E-print Network

THAT SAC approve the booking of Ballroom on Jan 18 from 6pm ­ 1am, by Arts Undergraduate Society. They hope Undergraduate Society. This is Kines Week Mingler." ...Carried 8. MOVED KATHLEEN HANDFIELD, SECONDED PHILIP HE THAT SAC approve the booking of Norm on Sat, Feb 16 from 7am- 5pm by Kababayan Club. This is for a film

Pulfrey, David L.

60

DNA Analysis in Samples From Younger Patients With Germ Cell Tumors and Their Parents or Siblings  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood Malignant Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor; Ovarian Choriocarcinoma; Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma; Ovarian Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Ovarian Teratoma; Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor; Testicular Choriocarcinoma; Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma; Testicular Seminoma; Testicular Teratoma; Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor

2014-02-17

61

Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartomas arise secondary to germline and somatic mutations of DICER1 in the pleuropulmonary blastoma tumor-predisposition disorder  

PubMed Central

Background Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is a rare nasal tumor that typically presents in young children. We previously reported on NCMH occurrence in children with pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB), a rare pulmonary dysembryonic sarcoma that is the hallmark neoplasm in the PPB-associated DICER1 tumor predisposition disorder. Methods Original pathologic materials from individuals with a PPB, PPB-associated tumor and/or a DICER1 mutation were centrally reviewed by the International PPB Registry. Paraffin-embedded NCMH tumor tissue was available in three cases. Laser-capture microdissection was used to isolate mesenchymal spindle cells and cartilage in one case for Sanger sequencing of DICER1. Results Nine patients (5F/4M) had PPB and NCMH. NCMH was diagnosed at a median age of 10 years (range 6-21years). NCMH developed 4.5 - 13 years after PPB. Presenting NCMH symptoms included chronic sinusitis and nasal congestion. Five patients had bilateral tumors. Local NCMH recurrences required several surgical resections in two patients, but all nine patients were alive at 0 – 16 years of follow-up. Pathogenic germline DICER1 mutations were found in 6/8 NCMH patients tested. In 2 of the patients with germline DICER1 mutations, somatic DICER1 missense mutations were also identified in their NCMH (E1813D; n=2). Three additional PPB patients developed other nasal lesions seen in the general population (a Schneiderian papilloma, chronic sinusitis with cysts, and allergic nasal polyps with eosinophils). Two of these patients had germline DICER1 mutations. Conclusion Pathogenic germline and somatic mutations of DICER1 in NCMH establishes that the genetic etiology of NCMH is similar to PPB, despite the disparate biological potential of these neoplasms. PMID:25118636

Stewart, Douglas R.; Messinger, Yoav; Williams, Gretchen M.; Yang, Jiandong; Field, Amanda; Schultz, Kris Ann P.; Harney, Laura A.; Doros, Leslie A.; Dehner, Louis P.; Hill, D. Ashley

2014-01-01

62

Coexistence of Glomangioma and Yolk Sac Tumour in a Child: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Glomus tumours (GTs) primarily arise from glomus bodies that are located in the dermis layer of skin. However, they can be encountered ectopically in most parts of the body. As a result of researches done in a 17-month-old male patient who prssented to us with complaint of an increasingly growing swelling, he was diagnosed with a yolk sac tumour. Chemotherapy was started and then, he was operated. GT was found inside the tumoural mass. Our patient, who is the first case according to our knowledge, where the concurrence of yolk sac and glomus tumours was reported, has been discussed in the light of literature. PMID:24995227

Toy, Hatice; Gunel, Engin; Caliskan, Umran; Koksal, Yavuz

2014-01-01

63

Surgery and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Children With Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood Embryonal Tumor; Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Malignant Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Teratoma; Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma; Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor; Stage II Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIA Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIB Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIC Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage III Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIIA Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIIB Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Stage IIIC Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Testicular Choriocarcinoma and Yolk Sac Tumor; Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma

2015-03-04

64

tumors  

E-print Network

Background: To investigate the role of maspin expression in the progression of gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and its value as a prognostic indicator. Methods: In the study 54 patients with GIST diagnosis were included in Uludag University of Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology between 1997-2007. The expression of maspin in 54 cases of gastrointestinal stromal tumor was detected by immunohistochemistry and compared with the clinicopathologic tumor parameters. Results: The positive expression rates for maspin in the GISTs were 66,6 % (36 of 54 cases). Maspin overexpression was detected in 9 of 29 high risk tumors (31%) and was significantly higher in very low/low (78.6%) and intermediate-risk tumors (63.6%) than high-risk tumors. Conclusions: Maspin expression might be an important factor in tumor progression and patient prognosis in GIST. In the future, larger series may be studied to examine the prognostic significance of maspin in GISTs and, of course, maspin expression may be studied in different mesenchymal tumors. Background Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal

65

tumors  

E-print Network

Background: According to the scientific literature, less than 30 borderline ovarian tumors have been karyotyped and less than 100 analyzed for genomic imbalances by CGH. Methods: We report a series of borderline ovarian tumors (n = 23) analyzed by G-banding and karyotyping as well as high resolution CGH; in addition, the tumors were analyzed for microsatellite stability status and by FISH for possible 6q deletion. Results: All informative tumors were microsatellite stable and none had a deletion in 6q27. All cases with an abnormal karyotype had simple chromosomal aberrations with +7 and +12 as the most common. In three tumors with single structural rearrangements, a common breakpoint in 3q13 was detected. The major copy number changes detected in the borderline tumors were gains from chromosome arms 2q, 6q, 8q, 9p, and 13q and losses from 1p, 12q, 14q, 15q, 16p, 17p, 17q, 19p, 19q, and 22q. The series included five pairs of bilateral tumors and, in two of these pairs, informative data were obtained as to their clonal relationship. In both pairs, similarities were found between the tumors from the right and left side, strongly indicating that bilaterality had occurred via a metastatic process. The bilateral tumors as a group showed more aberrations than did the unilateral ones, consistent with the view that bilaterality is a sign of more advanced disease. Conclusion: Because some of the imbalances found in borderline ovarian tumors seem to be similar to imbalances already known from the more extensively studied overt ovarian carcinomas, we speculate that the subset of borderline tumors with detectable imbalances or karyotypic aberrations may contain a smaller subset of tumors with a tendency to develop a more malignant phenotype. The group of borderline tumors with no imbalances would, in this line of thinking, have less or no propensity for clonal evolution and development to full-blown carcinomas.

66

13. SAC command center, weather center, underground structure, building 501, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. SAC command center, weather center, underground structure, building 501, undated - Offutt Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command Headquarters & Command Center, Command Center, 901 SAC Boulevard, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

67

77. SAC control center administrative section basement floor plan, drawing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

77. SAC control center administrative section basement floor plan, drawing number not listed, dated 1 February, 1955 - Offutt Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command Headquarters & Command Center, Headquarters Building, 901 SAC Boulevard, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

68

SAC Minutes Wednesday, Oct 24, 2012  

E-print Network

SAC Minutes Wednesday, Oct 24, 2012 SUB ROOM 266J, 3:00pm Attendance: Adam Melhem, Alishia Adam, Caroline Wong, Elaine Kuo, Clarke Mccorkell, Kathleen Handfield, Barnabas Caro, Philip He, Jeffrey Smith with athletics Adam and Nicola to follow up with club regarding finances 3. MOVED ALISHIA ADAM, SECONDED PHILIP

Pulfrey, David L.

69

SAC Minutes Thursday, July 26, 2012  

E-print Network

. INTRODUCTIONS The chair was passed to Adam Melhem at 4:31pm. 2. PRESENTATIONS The Knitting and Sewing Club CLARKE MCCORKELL: "BE IT RESOLVED THAT SAC approve the constitution of Knitting and Sewing Club as an AMS club." *started as social knitting group in Totem last year. ...Carried MOVED ADAM MELHEM, SECONDED

Pulfrey, David L.

70

SAC Tax Help Prepared Feb. 2010  

E-print Network

1 SAC Tax Help Prepared Feb. 2010 Disclaimer: We are not tax experts, and cannot be held responsible for your tax forms. (neither can DBBS, WashU, etc...) 1 Taxes for international students Go to http://oisshome.wustl.edu/taxes/FilingTaxes.html for tax information from the Office for International

Doering, Tamara

71

SAC Minutes Thursday, July 12, 2012  

E-print Network

. INTRODUCTIONS 2. PRESENTATIONS Thaqalayn Muslim Association World Cinema Club UBC Strategic Asia 3 the constitution of Thaqalayn Muslim Association as an AMS club." ...Tabled *SAC Vice Chair, Adam, will contact the Thaqalayn Muslim Association to facilitate their talking with Muslim Student Association about collaborating

Pulfrey, David L.

72

Hernia sacs: is histological examination necessary?  

PubMed

The hernia sac is a common surgical pathology specimen which can occasionally yield unexpected diagnoses. The College of American Pathologists recommends microscopic examination of abdominal hernias, but leaves submission of inguinal hernias for histology to the discretion of the pathologist. To validate this approach at a tertiary care centre, we retrospectively reviewed 1426 hernia sacs derived from inguinal, femoral and abdominal wall hernias. The majority of pathologies noted were known to the clinician, including herniated bowel, lipomas and omentum. A malignancy was noted in three of 800 inguinal hernias and seven of 576 abdominal wall hernias; five of these lesions were not seen on gross examination. Other interesting findings in hernia sacs included appendices, endometriosis, a perivascular epithelioid cell tumour, and pseudomyxoma peritoneii. All hernia sacs should be examined grossly as most pathologies are grossly visible. The decision to submit inguinal hernias for histology may be left to the discretion of the pathologist, but abdominal and femoral hernias should be submitted for histology. PMID:23794497

Wang, Tao; Vajpeyi, Rajkumar

2013-12-01

73

How to Improve the SAC Jennifer Seberry  

E-print Network

How to Improve the SAC Jennifer Seberry Xian-Mo Zhang Yuliang Zheng The Centre for Computer cryptographically strong functions, including substitution boxes (S-boxes) employed by common key block encryption and one an equal number of times, or simply, f(x)f(x) is balanced, for every Vn with W() = 1, where x

Seberry, Jennifer

74

Comparing and Contrasting NAEYC and SACS Accreditation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to describe, compare, and contrast an early childhood departmental accreditation process from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and a college/university-wide accreditation process from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). The history of higher education…

Isaacs, Mary Ruth

2010-01-01

75

Tumor  

MedlinePLUS

... excessively in the body. Normally, the body controls cell growth and division. New cells are created to replace ... room for healthy replacements. If the balance of cell growth and death is disturbed, a tumor may form. ...

76

On modeling surge avoidance controllers (SAC) in compressors: design procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a surge avoidance controller (SAC) for compressor systems operating near maximum pressure. The main result is a SAC structure characterized as an affine state-feedback control law in terms of the surge line and a directional parameter. This paper shows that with this new SAC characterization combined with existing compressor models, the existence of performance limiting j?-axis zeros.

Kevin M. Murphy; Paul Kalata; Robert Fischl; D. Marchio

1995-01-01

77

Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Young Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

2013-05-01

78

Sunitinib in Treating Young Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Central Nervous System Metastases; Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

2014-01-27

79

Aquarius/SAC-D Educational Wall Poster  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a poster about the Aquarius/SAC-D satellite mission, with an image depicting the satellite in orbit. The back of the poster describes the mission's scientific goals and benefits, including the scientific value of maps of sea surface salinity. The Hands On Activities & Online Data Tools panel gives an overview of the classroom lessons and tools that are available on the mission website.

2012-08-03

80

Cecal bascule herniation into the lesser sac.  

PubMed

Cecal bascule is a rare cause of bowel obstruction in which a mobile cecum folds anteriorly and superiorly over the ascending colon. Herein, we present the first case of internal herniation of a cecal bascule into the lesser sac through the foramen of winslow, aiming at discussing radiological findings, differential diagnosis, and surgical management of this uncommon condition. A 75-year-old female presented to the emergency room with an 18-h history of sudden onset sharp, progressively worsening abdominal pain associated with vomiting. Physical exam revealed abdominal distention and epigastric tenderness while initial laboratory tests were unremarkable. Computed tomography of her abdomen and pelvis showed a loop of distended colon within lesser sac without signs of bowel ischemia or perforation. On exploratory laparotomy, a cecal bascule was found herniating into lesser sac via foramen of winslow. Upon reduction, the cecum appeared viable therefore a cecopexy was performed without bowel resection. Unlike cecal volvulus, cecal bascule consists of no axial rotation of the bowel with no mesenteric vascular compromise and therefore ischemia would only occur from intraluminal tension or extraluminal compression from the borders of foramen of winslow. The management of internal herniation of a cecal bascule is always surgical including anatomic resection or cecopexy. PMID:25516868

Makarawo, Tafadzwa; Macedo, Francisco Igor; Jacobs, Michael J

2014-12-16

81

Cecal bascule herniation into the lesser sac  

PubMed Central

Cecal bascule is a rare cause of bowel obstruction in which a mobile cecum folds anteriorly and superiorly over the ascending colon. Herein, we present the first case of internal herniation of a cecal bascule into the lesser sac through the foramen of winslow, aiming at discussing radiological findings, differential diagnosis, and surgical management of this uncommon condition. A 75-year-old female presented to the emergency room with an 18-h history of sudden onset sharp, progressively worsening abdominal pain associated with vomiting. Physical exam revealed abdominal distention and epigastric tenderness while initial laboratory tests were unremarkable. Computed tomography of her abdomen and pelvis showed a loop of distended colon within lesser sac without signs of bowel ischemia or perforation. On exploratory laparotomy, a cecal bascule was found herniating into lesser sac via foramen of winslow. Upon reduction, the cecum appeared viable therefore a cecopexy was performed without bowel resection. Unlike cecal volvulus, cecal bascule consists of no axial rotation of the bowel with no mesenteric vascular compromise and therefore ischemia would only occur from intraluminal tension or extraluminal compression from the borders of foramen of winslow. The management of internal herniation of a cecal bascule is always surgical including anatomic resection or cecopexy. PMID:25516868

Makarawo, Tafadzwa; Macedo, Francisco Igor; Jacobs, Michael J

2014-01-01

82

Müllerian Adenosarcoma Arising From Rectal Endometriosis  

PubMed Central

A Müllerian adenosarcoma is an extremely rare tumor characterized by a stromal component of usually low-grade malignancy and by a benign glandular epithelial component. A Müllerian adenosarcoma occurs mainly in the uterus, but also in extrauterine locations. Extrauterine Müllerian adenosarcomas are thought to arise from endometriotic deposits. A 36-year-old female presented to Daegu Catholic University Medical Center with a symptom of loose stool for several months. The imaging studies revealed a rectal mass, so she underwent a laparoscopic low anterior resection. Although extemporary pathology revealed an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, the final histologic diagnosis was a Müllerian adenosarcoma arising from rectal endometriosis. To our knowledge, except a concomitant rectal villotubular adenoma, cases of Müllerian adenosarcomas arising the rectal wall are rare. An adenosarcoma arising from endometriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a pelvic mass, even one appearing in rectal wall, because ectopic endometrial tissue exists everywhere. PMID:25360431

Yang, Chunseok; Oh, Hoon Kyu

2014-01-01

83

Endometriosis of the Vermiform Appendix within a Hernia Sac Infiltrating the Pubic Bone.  

PubMed

Purpose. Appendicular endometriosis mimicking appendicitis is a rare finding. Inguinal tumor in the course of appendicular endometriosis located within an inguinal hernia sac and infiltrating the periosteum of the pubic bone has not yet been described. Case Report. This paper describes a case of a rapidly enlarging, solid, unmovable, very painful upon palpation inguinal tumor, in a 36-year-old nulliparous woman. During surgery, a hard (approximately 4?cm in diameter) tumor infiltrating the periosteum of the right pubic bone and continuous with the inguinal hernia sac was dissected. The distal segment of the vermiform appendix was an element of the dissected tumor. Histological examination revealed endometriosis of the distal vermiform appendix. After 6 months of hormone treatment, she was referred for reoperation due to tumor recurrence. Once again histological examination of the resected tissue revealed endometriosis. There was no further recurrence of the disease with goserelin therapy. In addition to the case report, we present a review of the literature about endometriosis involving the vermiform appendix and the inguinal canal (Amyand's hernia). Conclusion. This case expands the list of differential diagnoses of nodules found in the inguinal region of women. PMID:25802791

Ziaja, Damian; Bolkowski, Tomasz; Januszewski, Krzysztof; Skrzypulec-Plinta, Wioletta; Chudek, Jerzy; Ziaja, Krzysztof

2015-01-01

84

Endometriosis of the Vermiform Appendix within a Hernia Sac Infiltrating the Pubic Bone  

PubMed Central

Purpose. Appendicular endometriosis mimicking appendicitis is a rare finding. Inguinal tumor in the course of appendicular endometriosis located within an inguinal hernia sac and infiltrating the periosteum of the pubic bone has not yet been described. Case Report. This paper describes a case of a rapidly enlarging, solid, unmovable, very painful upon palpation inguinal tumor, in a 36-year-old nulliparous woman. During surgery, a hard (approximately 4?cm in diameter) tumor infiltrating the periosteum of the right pubic bone and continuous with the inguinal hernia sac was dissected. The distal segment of the vermiform appendix was an element of the dissected tumor. Histological examination revealed endometriosis of the distal vermiform appendix. After 6 months of hormone treatment, she was referred for reoperation due to tumor recurrence. Once again histological examination of the resected tissue revealed endometriosis. There was no further recurrence of the disease with goserelin therapy. In addition to the case report, we present a review of the literature about endometriosis involving the vermiform appendix and the inguinal canal (Amyand's hernia). Conclusion. This case expands the list of differential diagnoses of nodules found in the inguinal region of women.

Ziaja, Damian; Bolkowski, Tomasz; Januszewski, Krzysztof; Skrzypulec-Plinta, Wioletta; Ziaja, Krzysztof

2015-01-01

85

A Compliant and Creep Resistant SAC-Al(Ni) Alloy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addition of Al into SAC alloys reduces the number of hard Ag3Sn and Cu6Sn5 IMC particles, and forms larger, softer non-stoichiometric AlAg and AlCu particles. This results in a significant reduction in yield strength, and also causes some moderate increase in creep rate. For high Ag SAC alloys, adding Al 0.1-0.6% to SAC alloys is most effective in softening, and

Benlih Huang; Hong-Sik Hwang; Ning-Cheng Lee

2007-01-01

86

Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sacs in three dogs.  

PubMed

Anal sac squamous cell carcinoma is rare in dogs. Five cases have been previously reported, treatment of which involved surgery alone. This report describes three further cases of canine anal sac squamous cell carcinoma which underwent medical (meloxicam) management alone, resulting in survival of up to seven months. No metastases were identified. Squamous cell carcinoma, although extremely uncommon, should be considered as a possible differential diagnosis when a dog is presented for investigation of an anal sac mass. PMID:25208811

Mellett, S; Verganti, S; Murphy, S; Bowlt, K

2014-09-11

87

Air sac adenocarcinoma of the sternum in a Quaker parrot (Myiopsitta monachus).  

PubMed

Respiratory neoplasia is rarely reported in avian species. A 17-yr-old Quaker parrot (Myiopsitta monachus) was admitted with a 2-wk history of anorexia, depression, and respiratory distress. Clinical examination revealed a large, firm mass in the left pectoral muscle. Radiology showed a mass silhouetting the heart and the liver. Supportive treatment was provided, but the bird died during the seventh weekly visit to drain thoracic cavity fluid. Necropsy showed a white, 3 x 3 x 2-cm, hard, gritty sternal mass. Histology showed a nonencapsulated, moderately differentiated air sac carcinoma of the sternum. Immunohistochemically the neoplasm was cytokeratin positive and vimentin and calretinin negative. This is the first report of an air sac neoplasia in a Quaker parrot and one of few respiratory tumors in psittacines. PMID:25632693

Loukopoulos, Panayiotis; Okuni, Julius Boniface; Micco, Teresa; Garcia, Jorge P; Uzal, Francisco A; Diab, Santiago S

2014-12-01

88

SAC Minutes April 23, 2014 TO: Simplified Acquisition Committee  

E-print Network

of Simplified Acquisition Policy and Services Office of Acquisition and Logistics Management SUBJECT: SAC, enterprise data management, systems engineering, identity and access management, ERP IT infrastructure

Rau, Don C.

89

Nasolacrimal sac hematoma masquerading as an orbital mass.  

PubMed

A distended or infiltrated nasolacrimal sac can present as a mass in the medial orbit. We present a case of aspergillus sinusitis complicated by intractable epistaxis after debridement of the nasal septum, which caused pain and rapid distension of the nasolacrimal sac. The clinical and radiographic appearance of the distended nasolacrimal sac mimicked the appearance of an orbital mass and orbital extension of aspergillosis. After embolization of the maxillary artery to control the epistaxis, the nasolacrimal sac hematoma spontaneously resolved, and the patient proceeded with his medical treatment without the need for orbital surgery. PMID:15083090

Yen, Michael T; Hipps, W Michael

2004-03-01

90

Marjolin ulcers arising on extremities.  

PubMed

Marjolin ulcer, epidermoid carcinoma arising on nonhealing scar tissue, is well known for its aggressiveness compared with other forms of squamous cell carcinoma. It is thought to be even more aggressive when it arises on an extremity. Therefore, Marjolin ulcer located on an extremity is unique in its aggressiveness and calls for immediate attention and extensive surgery. We have treated 81 patients with extremity lesions between 1982 and 2003, 62 of which have been followed up for at least 5 years. The cases that were lost to follow-up and our more recent cases have not been included in this study. Medical records of these 62 patients were reviewed retrospectively. All the lesions were carcinomas arising on old burn scars. The mean age was 48.0 years. The average interval between burn and carcinoma was 35.9 years. Male to female ratio was approximately 1:2. About 72.6% of the patients were treated with wide local excision only and 21.0% of the patients had wide excision together with regional lymph node dissection. Only 6.4% of the cases have been treated with amputation combined with regional lymph node dissection. Postoperative regional lymph metastasis was seen in 40.3% of the patients and 41.9% of the patients have developed lung metastasis during the follow-up. Presence of metastasis, high histologic grade, and tumor size were found to have a direct effect on survival rates. The mean survival was 4.55 for the whole study group. The 5-year survival rate was 42.9% in upper extremity and 58.3% in lower extremity groups. Estimated mean time of survival for the disease has been calculated to be 7.76 years using statistical analysis. We suggest that tumor size is an important prognostic factor in addition to histologic grade. Treatment algorithm is reviewed, and the importance of adequate surgery is emphasized. PMID:20179482

Tiftikcioglu, Yigit Ozer; Ozek, Cuneyt; Bilkay, Ufuk; Uckan, Ali; Akin, Yalcin

2010-03-01

91

Loss of air sacs improved hominin speech abilities.  

PubMed

In this paper, the acoustic-perceptual effects of air sacs are investigated. Using an adaptive hearing experiment, it is shown that air sacs reduce the perceptual effect of vowel-like articulations. Air sacs are a feature of the vocal tract of all great apes, except humans. Because the presence or absence of air sacs is correlated with the anatomy of the hyoid bone, a probable minimum and maximum date of the loss of air sacs can be estimated from fossil hyoid bones. Australopithecus afarensis still had air sacs about 3.3 Ma, while Homo heidelbergensis, some 600 000 years ago and Homo neandethalensis some 60 000 years ago, did no longer. The reduced distinctiveness of articulations produced with an air sac is in line with the hypothesis that air sacs were selected against because of the evolution of complex vocal communication. This relation between complex vocal communication and fossil evidence may help to get a firmer estimate of when speech first evolved. PMID:22078314

de Boer, Bart

2012-01-01

92

The pathological evaluation of the pediatric inguinal hernia sac  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The College of American Pathologists has suggested that institutions should establish guidelines for the evaluation of the hernia sac. In addition, some states require the submission of this tissue for pathological evaluation. Yet, neither evidence-based guidelines nor published reviews for the evaluation of the pediatric hernia sac are available. Therefore, this retrospective study was conducted to document experience with

William J Wenner; Marta Gutenberg; Timothy Crombleholme; Cory Flickinger; Scott P Bartlett

1998-01-01

93

Physicochemical Properties of Sn-Zn and SAC + Bi Alloys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Applying the discharge crucible (DC) method, the viscosity, density, and surface tension were determined for Sn-9Zn and Sn-2.92Ag-0.4Cu-3.07Bi (SAC + Bi) alloys. For comparison, the dilatometric, maximum bubble pressure, and capillary flow methods were used for measurements of these same physicochemical properties for the Sn-2.92Ag-0.4Cu-3.07Bi (SAC + Bi) alloy. The measurements were performed for Sn-9Zn and SAC + Bi alloys in the temperature range from 513 K to 723 K and 530 K to 1180 K, respectively. The experimental data obtained show that addition of Bi to SAC increases the density and decreases the surface tension and viscosity in comparison with SAC solder. Additionally it was found that the properties studied by different methods (maximum bubble pressure, dilatometric, capillary flow, and discharge crucible) were almost identical.

Gancarz, Tomasz; Pstru?, Janusz; G?sior, W?adys?aw; Henein, Hani

2013-02-01

94

Differential air sac pressures in diving tufted ducks Aythya fuligula.  

PubMed

The air in the respiratory system of diving birds contains a large proportion of the body oxygen stores, but it must be in the lungs for gas exchange with blood to occur. To test the hypothesis that locomotion induces mixing of air sac air with lung air during dives, we measured differential pressures between the interclavicular and posterior thoracic air sacs in five diving tufted ducks Aythya fuligula. The peak differential pressure between posterior thoracic and interclavicular air sacs, 0.49+/-0.13 kPa (mean +/- s.d.), varied substantially during underwater paddling as indicated by gastrocnemius muscle activity. These data support the hypothesis that locomotion, perhaps through associated abdominal muscle activity, intermittently compresses the posterior air sacs more than the anterior ones. The result is differential pressure fluctuations that might induce the movement of air between air sacs and through the lungs during dives. PMID:9716518

Boggs, D F; Butler, P J; Wallace, S E

1998-09-01

95

Transcript profiles of maize embryo sacs and preliminary identification of genes involved in the embryo sac-pollen tube interaction.  

PubMed

The embryo sac, the female gametophyte of flowering plants, plays important roles in the pollination and fertilization process. Maize (Zea mays L.) is a model monocot, but little is known about the interactions between its embryo sac and the pollen tube. In this study, we compared the transcript profiles of mature embryo sacs, mature embryo sacs 14-16 h after pollination, and mature nucelli. Comparing the transcript profiles of the embryo sacs before and after the entry of the pollen tube, we identified 3467 differentially expressed transcripts (3382 differentially expressed genes; DEGs). The DEGs were grouped into 22 functional categories. Among the DEGs, 221 genes were induced upon the entry of the pollen tube, and many of them encoded proteins involved in RNA binding, processing, and transcription, signaling, miscellaneous enzyme family processes, and lipid metabolism processes. Genes in the DEG dataset were grouped into 17 classes in a gene ontology enrichment analysis. The DEGs included many genes encoding proteins involved in protein amino acid phosphorylation and protein ubiquitination, implying that these processes might play important roles in the embryo sac-pollen tube interaction. Additionally, our analyses indicate that the expression of 112 genes encoding cysteine-rich proteins (CRPs) is induced during pollination and fertilization. The CRPs likely regulate pollen tube guidance and embryo sac development. These results provide important information on the genes involved in the embryo sac-pollen tube interaction in maize. PMID:25566277

Wang, Shuai Shuai; Wang, Fang; Tan, Su Jian; Wang, Ming Xiu; Sui, Na; Zhang, Xian Sheng

2014-01-01

96

Transcript profiles of maize embryo sacs and preliminary identification of genes involved in the embryo sac–pollen tube interaction  

PubMed Central

The embryo sac, the female gametophyte of flowering plants, plays important roles in the pollination and fertilization process. Maize (Zea mays L.) is a model monocot, but little is known about the interactions between its embryo sac and the pollen tube. In this study, we compared the transcript profiles of mature embryo sacs, mature embryo sacs 14–16 h after pollination, and mature nucelli. Comparing the transcript profiles of the embryo sacs before and after the entry of the pollen tube, we identified 3467 differentially expressed transcripts (3382 differentially expressed genes; DEGs). The DEGs were grouped into 22 functional categories. Among the DEGs, 221 genes were induced upon the entry of the pollen tube, and many of them encoded proteins involved in RNA binding, processing, and transcription, signaling, miscellaneous enzyme family processes, and lipid metabolism processes. Genes in the DEG dataset were grouped into 17 classes in a gene ontology enrichment analysis. The DEGs included many genes encoding proteins involved in protein amino acid phosphorylation and protein ubiquitination, implying that these processes might play important roles in the embryo sac–pollen tube interaction. Additionally, our analyses indicate that the expression of 112 genes encoding cysteine-rich proteins (CRPs) is induced during pollination and fertilization. The CRPs likely regulate pollen tube guidance and embryo sac development. These results provide important information on the genes involved in the embryo sac–pollen tube interaction in maize. PMID:25566277

Wang, Shuai Shuai; Wang, Fang; Tan, Su Jian; Wang, Ming Xiu; Sui, Na; Zhang, Xian Sheng

2014-01-01

97

Establishment of a quantitative mouse dorsal air sac model and its application to evaluate a new angiogenesis inhibitor.  

PubMed

We have developed an improved mouse dorsal air sac model for quantifying in vivo tumor-induced angiogenesis. In our improved model, tumor angiogenesis is determined by measuring the blood volume in an area of skin held in contact with a tumor cell-containing chamber, using 51Cr-labeled red blood cells (RBC). The blood volume induced by murine B16-BL6 melanoma cells increased linearly with the cell number in the range from 2 x 10(5) to 5 x 10(6). Ten of 11 human tumor cell lines examined induced a significant increment in blood volume. For three representative human tumor cell lines (A549, WiDr. and HT1080 cells) that showed different angiogenic potencies, the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) produced by the tumor cells cultured under conditions of hypoxia and high cell density were correlated with the degree of in vivo angiogenesis. Using the improved model, it was confirmed that TNP-470, a well-known inhibitor, and borrelidin, an antibiotic from Streptomyces rochei, significantly inhibited the WiDr cell-induced angiogenesis. Borrelidin also inhibited spontaneous lung metastasis of B16-BL6 melanoma at the same dose that inhibited angiogenesis. Our results suggest that the improved mouse dorsal air sac model can be used for simple and quantitative measurement of tumor-induced angiogenesis and its inhibition. PMID:10757446

Funahashi, Y; Wakabayashi, T; Semba, T; Sonoda, J; Kitoh, K; Yoshimatsu, K

1999-01-01

98

79. Sac digital network (Sacdin), summary fault indicator at top, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

79. Sac digital network (Sacdin), summary fault indicator at top, south side - Ellsworth Air Force Base, Delta Flight, Launch Control Facility, County Road CS23A, North of Exit 127, Interior, Jackson County, SD

99

Fossil egg sacs of Diaptomus (Crustaceae: Copepoda) in Late Quaternary lake sediments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to the exoskeleton or normal egg sacs of copepods, egg sacs with resting eggs of Diaptomus castor are exceptionally robust and can be preserved in the Quaternary sedimentary record. Egg sacs referred to Diaptomus cf. castor have been recovered from Late- and Postglacial lake sediments in Denmark and Greenland. The identification of fossil copepod egg sacs is important,

Ole Bennike

1998-01-01

100

Automatic segmentation and classification of gestational sac based on mean sac diameter using medical ultrasound image  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ultrasound is an effective multipurpose imaging modality that has been widely used for monitoring and diagnosing early pregnancy events. Technology developments coupled with wide public acceptance has made ultrasound an ideal tool for better understanding and diagnosing of early pregnancy. The first measurable signs of an early pregnancy are the geometric characteristics of the Gestational Sac (GS). Currently, the size of the GS is manually estimated from ultrasound images. The manual measurement involves multiple subjective decisions, in which dimensions are taken in three planes to establish what is known as Mean Sac Diameter (MSD). The manual measurement results in inter- and intra-observer variations, which may lead to difficulties in diagnosis. This paper proposes a fully automated diagnosis solution to accurately identify miscarriage cases in the first trimester of pregnancy based on automatic quantification of the MSD. Our study shows a strong positive correlation between the manual and the automatic MSD estimations. Our experimental results based on a dataset of 68 ultrasound images illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme in identifying early miscarriage cases with classification accuracies comparable with those of domain experts using K nearest neighbor classifier on automatically estimated MSDs.

Khazendar, Shan; Farren, Jessica; Al-Assam, Hisham; Sayasneh, Ahmed; Du, Hongbo; Bourne, Tom; Jassim, Sabah A.

2014-05-01

101

Conjunctival lymphoma arising from reactive lymphoid hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Extra nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (EMZL) of the conjunctiva typically arises in the marginal zone of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. The pathogenesis of conjunctival EMZL remains unknown. We describe an unusual case of EMZL arising from reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH) of the conjunctiva. A 35-year-old woman had fleshy salmon-pink conjunctival tumors in both eyes, oculus uterque (OU). Specimens from conjunctival tumors in the right eye, oculus dexter (OD), revealed a collection of small lymphoid cells in the stroma. Immunohistochemically, immunoglobulin (Ig) light chain restriction was not detected. In contrast, diffuse atypical lymphoid cell infiltration was noted in the left eye, oculus sinister (OS), and positive for CD20, a marker for B cells OS. The tumors were histologically diagnosed as RLH OD, and EMZL OS. PCR analysis detected IgH gene rearrangement in the joining region (JH) region OU. After 11 months, a re-biopsy specimen demonstrated EMZL based on compatible pathological and genetic findings OD, arising from RLH. This case suggests that even if the diagnosis of the conjunctival lymphoproliferative lesions is histologically benign, confirmation of the B-cell clonality by checking IgH gene rearrangement should be useful to predict the incidence of malignancy. PMID:22985187

Fukuhara, Junichi; Kase, Satoru; Noda, Mika; Ishijima, Kan; Yamamoto, Teppei; Ishida, Susumu

2012-01-01

102

Achieving high reliability low cost lead-free SAC solder joints via Mn or Ce doping  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the reliabilities of low Ag SAC alloys doped with Mn or Ce (SACM or SACC) were evaluated under JEDEC drop, dynamic bending, thermal cycling, and cyclic bending test conditions against eutectic SnPb, SAC105, and SAC305 alloys. The Mn or Ce doped low cost SAC105 alloys achieved a higher drop test and dynamic bending test reliability than SAC105

Weiping Liu; Ning-Cheng Lee; Adriana Porras; Min Ding; Anthony Gallagher; Austin Huang; Scott Chen; Jeffrey ChangBing Lee

2009-01-01

103

Osteochondroma Arising from the Thoracic Transverse Process  

PubMed Central

The incidence of osteochondroma is rare and only 2% of such tumors are found in the spine area. When they are found in the vertebral column, less than 1% of all osteochondromas and few tumors occur in the thoracic vertebrae. An osteochondroma arising from the transverse process of the vertebra is even rarer, especially following from the thoracic transverse process. Here we report a giant solitary osteochondroma arising from the thoracic transverse process of T8 vertebra and involving the corresponding transverse process and rib. A 28-year-old man presented with a progressive thoracic node, and neuroradiological evaluation of the spine showed a giant mass lesion involving the transverse process of T8 vertebra and concomitant corresponding facet joint and rib on the left side. At surgery, a firm and cartilaginous tumor originating from the transverse process was radically excised and surgical curettage of the lesion was performed. It is concluded that accurate and prompt diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion followed by surgical treatment to prevent severe morbidity in cases of primary spinal column tumors. The histological examination of this patient revealed the lesion was osteochondroma. The best choice of treatment for spinal osteochondromas is surgical excision or curettage and spinal stabilization, if necessary.

Wenyuan, Ding; Baojun, Li; Yong, Shen; Wei, Zhang

2009-01-01

104

Intraoperative Sac Pressure Measurement During Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

SciTech Connect

PurposeIntraoperative sac pressure was measured during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to evaluate the clinical significance of sac pressure measurement.MethodsA microcatheter was placed in an aneurysm sac from the contralateral femoral artery, and sac pressure was measured during EVAR procedures in 47 patients. Aortic blood pressure was measured as a control by a catheter from the left brachial artery.ResultsThe systolic sac pressure index (SPI) was 0.87 {+-} 0.10 after main-body deployment, 0.63 {+-} 0.12 after leg deployment (P < 0.01), and 0.56 {+-} 0.12 after completion of the procedure (P < 0.01). Pulse pressure was 55 {+-} 21 mmHg, 23 {+-} 15 mmHg (P < 0.01), and 16 {+-} 12 mmHg (P < 0.01), respectively. SPI showed no significant differences between the Zenith and Excluder stent grafts (0.56 {+-} 0.13 vs. 0.54 {+-} 0.10, NS). Type I endoleak was found in seven patients (15%), and the SPI decreased from 0.62 {+-} 0.10 to 0.55 {+-} 0.10 (P = 0.10) after fixing procedures. Type II endoleak was found in 12 patients (26%) by completion angiography. The SPI showed no difference between type II endoleak positive and negative (0.58 {+-} 0.12 vs. 0.55 {+-} 0.12, NS). There were no significant differences between the final SPI of abdominal aortic aneurysms in which the diameter decreased in the follow-up and that of abdominal aortic aneurysms in which the diameter did not change (0.53 {+-} 0.12 vs. 0.57 {+-} 0.12, NS).ConclusionsSac pressure measurement was useful for instant hemodynamic evaluation of the EVAR procedure, especially in type I endoleaks. However, on the basis of this small study, the SPI cannot be used to reliably predict sac growth or regression.

Ishibashi, Hiroyuki, E-mail: ishibash@aichi-med-u.ac.j [Aichi Medical University Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (Japan); Ishiguchi, Tsuneo [Aichi Medical University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Ohta, Takashi; Sugimoto, Ikuo; Iwata, Hirohide; Yamada, Tetsuya; Tadakoshi, Masao; Hida, Noriyuki; Orimoto, Yuki [Aichi Medical University Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery (Japan); Kamei, Seiji [Aichi Medical University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)

2010-10-15

105

Urothelial Carcinoma Arising from a Large Ureteral Polyp  

PubMed Central

We report an unusual case of a urothelial tumor on a ureteral polyp without hydronephrosis. The patient was a 50-year-old male. He had experienced several episodes of gross hematuria. Cystoscopy revealed a tumor that periodically prolapsed into the bladder. The tumor had a smooth-surfaced stalk with an erythematous, edematous lesion at the end. Tomography showed a mass and filling defect at the left ureterovesical junction. The results of urine cytology tests were negative. After the tumor was identified as a urothelial carcinoma by frozen biopsy analysis, a ureteroscopic resection was performed. The final pathological diagnosis was urothelial carcinoma arising in a ureteral polyp. No recurrence of the tumor or polyp was observed at the 3-month follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the Korean population of a urothelial tumor arising from a ureteral polyp. PMID:23185675

Min, Kweonsik; Jung, Soo-Jin; Chung, Jae-Il; Yoon, Jang Ho

2012-01-01

106

The anuran vocal sac: a tool for multimodal signalling  

PubMed Central

Although in anurans the predominant mode of intra- and intersexual communication is vocalization, modalities used in addition to or instead of acoustic signals range from seismic and visual to chemical. In some cases, signals of more than one modality are produced through or by the anuran vocal sac. However, its role beyond acoustics has been neglected for some time and nonacoustic cues such as vocal sac movement have traditionally been seen as an epiphenomenon of sound production. The diversity in vocal sac coloration and shape found in different species is striking and recently its visual properties have been given a more important role in signalling. Chemosignals seem to be the dominant communication mode in newts, salamanders and caecilians and certainly play a role in the aquatic life phase of anurans, but airborne chemical signalling has received less attention. There is, however, increasing evidence that at least some terrestrial anuran species integrate acoustic, visual and chemical cues in species recognition and mate choice and a few secondarily mute anuran species seem to fully rely on volatile chemical cues produced in glands on the vocal sac. Within vertebrates, frogs in particular are suitable organisms for investigating multimodal communication by means of experiments, since they are tolerant of disturbance by observers and can be easily manipulated under natural conditions. Thus, the anuran vocal sac might be of great interest not only to herpetologists, but also to behavioural biologists studying communication systems. PMID:25389375

Starnberger, Iris; Preininger, Doris; Hödl, Walter

2014-01-01

107

Yolk Sac Mesenchymal Progenitor Cells from New World Mice (Necromys lasiurus) with Multipotent Differential Potential  

PubMed Central

Fetal membranes are abundant, ethically acceptable and readily accessible sources of stem cells. In particular, the yolk sac is a source of cell lineages that do not express MHCs and are mainly free from immunological incompatibles when transferred to a recipient. Although data are available especially for hematopoietic stem cells in mice and human, whereas other cell types and species are dramatically underrepresented. Here we studied the nature and differentiation potential of yolk sac derived mesenchymal stem cells from a New World mouse, Necromys lasiurus. Explants from mid-gestation were cultured in DMEM-High glucose medium with 10% defined fetal bovine serum. The cells were characterized by standard methods including immunophenotyping by fluorescence and flow cytometry, growth and differentiation potential and tumorigenicity assays. The first adherent cells were observed after 7 days of cell culture and included small, elongated fibroblast-like cells (92.13%) and large, round epithelial-like cells with centrally located nuclei (6.5%). Only the fibroblast-like cells survived the first passages. They were positive to markers for mesenchymal stem cells (Stro-1, CD90, CD105, CD73) and pluripotency (Oct3/4, Nanog) as well as precursors of hematopoietic stem cells (CD117). In differentiation assays, they were classified as a multipotent lineage, because they differentiated into osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic lineages and, finally, they did not develop tumors. In conclusion, mesenchymal progenitor cells with multipotent differentiation potential and sufficient growth and proliferation abilities were able to be obtained from Necromys yolk sacs, therefore, we inferred that these cells may be promising for a wide range of applications in regenerative medicine. PMID:24918429

Favaron, Phelipe Oliveira; Mess, Andrea; Will, Sônia Elisabete; Maiorka, Paulo César; de Oliveira, Moacir Franco; Miglino, Maria Angelica

2014-01-01

108

Yolk sac mesenchymal progenitor cells from New World mice (Necromys lasiurus) with multipotent differential potential.  

PubMed

Fetal membranes are abundant, ethically acceptable and readily accessible sources of stem cells. In particular, the yolk sac is a source of cell lineages that do not express MHCs and are mainly free from immunological incompatibles when transferred to a recipient. Although data are available especially for hematopoietic stem cells in mice and human, whereas other cell types and species are dramatically underrepresented. Here we studied the nature and differentiation potential of yolk sac derived mesenchymal stem cells from a New World mouse, Necromys lasiurus. Explants from mid-gestation were cultured in DMEM-High glucose medium with 10% defined fetal bovine serum. The cells were characterized by standard methods including immunophenotyping by fluorescence and flow cytometry, growth and differentiation potential and tumorigenicity assays. The first adherent cells were observed after 7 days of cell culture and included small, elongated fibroblast-like cells (92.13%) and large, round epithelial-like cells with centrally located nuclei (6.5%). Only the fibroblast-like cells survived the first passages. They were positive to markers for mesenchymal stem cells (Stro-1, CD90, CD105, CD73) and pluripotency (Oct3/4, Nanog) as well as precursors of hematopoietic stem cells (CD117). In differentiation assays, they were classified as a multipotent lineage, because they differentiated into osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic lineages and, finally, they did not develop tumors. In conclusion, mesenchymal progenitor cells with multipotent differentiation potential and sufficient growth and proliferation abilities were able to be obtained from Necromys yolk sacs, therefore, we inferred that these cells may be promising for a wide range of applications in regenerative medicine. PMID:24918429

Favaron, Phelipe Oliveira; Mess, Andrea; Will, Sônia Elisabete; Maiorka, Paulo César; de Oliveira, Moacir Franco; Miglino, Maria Angelica

2014-01-01

109

Aquarius and the Aquarius/SAC-D Mission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aquarius is a combination L-band radiometer and scatterometer designed to map the salinity field at the ocean surface from space. It will be flown on the Aquarius/SAC-D mission, a partnership between the USA space agency (NASA) and Argentine space agency (CONAE). The mission is composed of two parts: (a) The Aquarius instrument being developed as part of NASA.s Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP) program; and (b) SAC-D the fourth spacecraft service platform in the CONAE Satellite de Aplicaciones Cientificas (SAC) program. The primary focus of the mission is to monitor the seasonal and interannual variations of the salinity field in the open ocean. The mission also meets the needs of the Argentine space program for monitoring the environment and for hazard detection and includes several instruments related to these goals.

LeVine, D. M.; Lagerloef, G. S. E.; Torrusio, S.

2010-01-01

110

Sac Hygroma After Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Successful Treatment with Endograft Relining  

SciTech Connect

Aneurysm sac expansion following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is typically associated with endoleaks that can be readily diagnosed on computed tomographic angiography (CTA), ultrasound, or catheter-directed arteriography. Sac hygromas are a cause of sac expansion without apparent endoleak and are presumed to be a result of ultrafiltration of serum manifested by accumulation of fibrinous, gelatinous material within the aneurysm sac following EVAR. Although there are no reported associated ruptures, sac expansion is nevertheless disconcerting and intervention is presumably indicated. We report a case of an expanding aneurysm after EVAR secondary to sac hygroma that was successfully treated with relining of the existing, original endograft.

Ryu, Robert K., E-mail: rryu@nmff.org; Palestrant, Sarah; Ryu, Jessica [Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine (United States); Trachtenberg, Jeffrey [Interventional Radiology Institute at Decatur Memorial Hospital (United States)

2007-06-15

111

[Cytomorphological diagnosis of granulosa cell tumor of the ovary].  

PubMed

The cytology of granulosa cell tumor in children and adults is studied. Cytological smears of ascitic fluid and fresh tissue smears were examined. The tumor was diagnosed in 9 patients aged 11 to 73 years. All patients had symptoms of hyperestrogenia. Adequate treatment of the condition requires the tumor to be differentiated from other tumors (thecoma, low-grade and small-cell carcinomas, carcinoid, yolk-sac tumor, and lymphoma) before or during surgery. PMID:9532899

Kovrigina, A M; Anurova, O A; Shabanov, M A; Bogatyrev, V N

1998-01-01

112

Glioneuronal Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Neuronal and mixed neuronal–glial tumors are thought to arise from neuroepithelial cells. According to the 2007 WHO classification,\\u000a this group of tumors comprises ganglioglioma and gangliocytoma, desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma (DIA) and ganglioglioma,\\u000a dys-plastic cerebellar gangliocytoma (Lhermitte–Duclos disease), dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT), central neurocytoma,\\u000a cerebellar liponeurocytoma (CLN), paraganglioma of the cauda equina (PCE), and the more recently recognized subtypes papillary\\u000a glion-euronal

Matthias Simon; Rudolf A. Kristof; Johannes Schramm

113

Choriocarcinoma arising in a squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.  

PubMed

Extragonadal germ cell tumors are rare neoplasms with histologic features comparable to those of gonadal origin. Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus was diagnosed in a 53-year-old male patient, and was palliated for a short period by cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil. Clinical deterioration and development of gynecomastia led to diagnosis of hormone-secreting choriocarcinoma that originated within the squamous cell tumor of the esophagus. Salvage chemotherapy affected the markers but not the tumor. Extragonadal choriocarcinoma is a chemosensitive tumor, but when arising within squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus it may be chemoresistant, and lead to a fatal outcome. PMID:10776985

Merimsky, O; Jossiphov, J; Asna, N; Shmueli, E; Stabsky, A; Inbar, M

2000-04-01

114

Decompression of the Endolymphatic Sac: Vertigo and Hearing Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surgery in the Meniere's disease is indicated when the vertigo is refractory to clinical treatment. Many surgical procedures have been proposed for the treatment of vertigo in this labyrinthopathy. In this work we aimed at the decompression of the endolymphatic sac. Objective: To analyze the postoperative outcomes of 18 patients with Meniere's disease as for the control of the vertigo

Nelson Álvares; Cruz Filho; José Evandro; P. de Aquino; Tobias Garcia Torres

2009-01-01

115

Intratympanic gentamicin therapy for persistent vertigo after endolymphatic sac surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To evaluate the role of intratympanic gentamycin therapy (ITGM) in controlling vertigo in patients with refractory Meniere's who have recurrent or persistent vertigo after endolymphatic sac surgery. Study Design and Setting: A retrospective review of 491 patients seen in a university balance clinic between July 1999 and July 2000. Of these, 68 patients had Meniere's disease; 4 patients had

Sam J. Marzo; John P. Leonetti

2002-01-01

116

Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy: Creation of a Large Marsupialized Lacrimal Sac  

PubMed Central

This retrospective study describes and evaluates the effectiveness of a modified technique of conventional endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) that minimizes the obstruction of a neo-ostium by creating an enlarged marsupialized lacrimal sac using mucosal flaps. Forty-two patients who had undergone 46 endoscopic DCR at a tertiary medical center, from 2002 to 2004, for correction of lacrimal system obstruction were investigated. The surgical technique involves elevation of a nasal mucosal flap, full sac exposure using a power drill, and shaping of the mucosal flap to cover denuded bone and juxtapose exposed sac mucosa. Postoperative symptoms and endoscopic findings of the neo-ostium were evaluated. Mean duration of follow-up was 5.9 months. An eighty-three percent primary success rate was observed, without any serious complications. Obstruction of the neo-ostium with granulation tissue was observed in eight cases, among which six underwent revision with success in all cases. Overall, 44 (96%) of 46 cases experienced surgical successes. Endoscopic DCR, a procedure in which a large marsupialized lacrimal sac is created from mucosal flaps, yields a very satisfactory success rate with straightforward and highly successful revision available for those in whom the primary procedure yields a substandard result. PMID:16891819

Yeon, Je-Yeob; Choi, Mi-Young

2006-01-01

117

Soil Moisture Retrieval Using the Aquarius/SAC-D Instruments  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Aquarius/SAC-D will share common elements with several current and future satellite missions that provide soil moisture. Passive microwave soil moisture retrieval using low frequencies is currently performed using Aqua Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-E (AMSR-E) (C/X-band). This will extended ...

118

Inflamed appendix in a femoral hernial sac: de Garengeot's hernia.  

PubMed

Croissant de Garengeot's hernia is defined as the presence of an appendix in the femoral hernial sac. It is rare and occurs mostly in females. We report this hernia in a male patient along with the surgical management and review of literature. PMID:19225856

Rajan, S S; Girn, H R S; Ainslie, W G

2009-10-01

119

Planar feature fitting based on Multi-BaySAC algorithm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To tackle the problem that classic RANSAC (Random Sample Consensus) is limited by the assumption that a single model accounts for all of the data inliers, an algorithm of multi-planar-feature fitting from 3D point cloud based on BaySAC algorithm (Bayes Sample Consensus) is proposed (called multiBaySAC). First, as the mathematical models of most of primitives to be fitted are determinate, a statistical algorithm of hypothesis model parameters histogram is proposed to detect potential planar features. Instead of assuming constant prior probabilities of data points and choosing initial data sets by random as RANSAC, we then implement a conditional sampling method -- BaySAC for robust parameters estimation of potential planar features, by computing the prior probability of each data point and updating the inlier probabilities using simplified Bayes' rule. For the purpose of multiple feature fitting, the sequential application of the above procedure is implemented following the removal of the detected set of inliers. The proposed approach is tested with point cloud data of buildings acquired by RIEGL VZ-400 laser scanner. The results show that the proposed Multi-BaySAC can achieve high computation efficiency and fitting accuracy of multiple planar feature fitting.

Li, Zhen; Kang, Zhizhong

2013-10-01

120

SAC Minutes July 24, 2013 TO: Simplified Acquisition Committee  

E-print Network

Williams (NITAAC) ­ Via Phone Zedekiah Worsham (DSAPS) SAC Members not present: Anita Miles (CIT) Marilyn/Deborah Ivey (ORS) Anita Hughes/Terry Galloway (NCI) Debra Hawkins/Lisa Portner (NHLBI) Shamay Knox (NIAID. Supply Center and Self Service Stores was presented by George Martinez, Director, Division of Logistics

Rau, Don C.

121

The annular hematoma of the shrew yolk-sac placenta.  

PubMed

The annular hematoma of the shrew, Blarina brevicauda, is a specialized portion of the yolk-sac wall. In this study, we have examined the fine structure of the different cellular components of the anular hematoma. Small pieces of the gestation sacs from seven pregnant shrews were fixed in glutaraldehyde and osmium tetroxide and processed for transmission electron microscopy. In the area of the trophoblastic curtain, the maternal capillary endothelial cells were hypertrophied and syncytial trophoblast surrounded the capillaries. Cellular trophoblast covered part of the luminal surface of the curtain region, whereas masses of apparently degenerating syncytium were present on other areas of the surface. Maternal erythrocytes, released into the uterine lumen from the curtain region, were phagocytized and degraded by the columnar cells of the trophoblastic annulus. No evidence of iron or pigment accumulation was evident in the parietal endodermal cells underlying the annular trophoblast. Parietal endodermal cells were characterized by cuboidal shape, widely dilated intercellular spaces, and cytoplasm containing granular endoplasmic reticulum. Endodermal cells of the visceral yolk-sac accumulated large numbers of electron-dense granules as well as glycogen in their cytoplasm. Hemopoietic areas and vitelline capillaries were found subjacent to the visceral endoderm. The various portions of the yolk-sac wall of Blarina appear to perform complementary functions which are probably important in maternal-fetal iron transfer. PMID:677046

King, B F; Enders, A C; Wimsatt, W A

1978-05-01

122

ISTC SAC Seminar "New Perspectives of High Energy Physics"  

E-print Network

Medical spinoffs of High Energy Physics Knowledge and technology transfer from High Energy Physics (vi #12; 2 The Scientific Advisory Committee of the International Science & Technology Center (ISTC SAC) in cooperation with The Secretariat of the International Science & Technology Center (ISTC

123

Exome sequencing of bilateral testicular germ cell tumors suggests independent development lineages.  

PubMed

Intratubular germ cell neoplasia, the precursor of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), is hypothesized to arise during embryogenesis from developmentally arrested primordial germ cells (PGCs) or gonocytes. In early embryonal life, the PGCs migrate from the yolk sac to the dorsal body wall where the cell population separates before colonizing the genital ridges. However, whether the malignant transformation takes place before or after this separation is controversial. We have explored the somatic exome-wide mutational spectra of bilateral TGCT to provide novel insight into the in utero critical time frame of malignant transformation and TGCT pathogenesis. Exome sequencing was performed in five patients with bilateral TGCT (eight tumors), of these three patients in whom both tumors were available (six tumors) and two patients each with only one available tumor (two tumors). Selected loci were explored by Sanger sequencing in 71 patients with bilateral TGCT. From the exome-wide mutational spectra, no identical mutations in any of the three bilateral tumor pairs were identified. Exome sequencing of all eight tumors revealed 87 somatic non-synonymous mutations (median 10 per tumor; range 5-21), some in already known cancer genes such as CIITA, NEB, platelet-derived growth factor receptor ? (PDGFRA), and WHSC1. SUPT6H was found recurrently mutated in two tumors. We suggest independent development lineages of bilateral TGCT. Thus, malignant transformation into intratubular germ cell neoplasia is likely to occur after the migration of PGCs. We reveal possible drivers of TGCT pathogenesis, such as mutated PDGFRA, potentially with therapeutic implications for TGCT patients. PMID:25748235

Brabrand, Sigmund; Johannessen, Bjarne; Axcrona, Ulrika; Kraggerud, Sigrid M; Berg, Kaja G; Bakken, Anne C; Bruun, Jarle; Fosså, Sophie D; Lothe, Ragnhild A; Lehne, Gustav; Skotheim, Rolf I

2015-02-01

124

Exome Sequencing of Bilateral Testicular Germ Cell Tumors Suggests Independent Development Lineages12  

PubMed Central

Intratubular germ cell neoplasia, the precursor of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), is hypothesized to arise during embryogenesis from developmentally arrested primordial germ cells (PGCs) or gonocytes. In early embryonal life, the PGCs migrate from the yolk sac to the dorsal body wall where the cell population separates before colonizing the genital ridges. However, whether the malignant transformation takes place before or after this separation is controversial. We have explored the somatic exome-wide mutational spectra of bilateral TGCT to provide novel insight into the in utero critical time frame of malignant transformation and TGCT pathogenesis. Exome sequencing was performed in five patients with bilateral TGCT (eight tumors), of these three patients in whom both tumors were available (six tumors) and two patients each with only one available tumor (two tumors). Selected loci were explored by Sanger sequencing in 71 patients with bilateral TGCT. From the exome-wide mutational spectra, no identical mutations in any of the three bilateral tumor pairs were identified. Exome sequencing of all eight tumors revealed 87 somatic non-synonymous mutations (median 10 per tumor; range 5-21), some in already known cancer genes such as CIITA, NEB, platelet-derived growth factor receptor ? (PDGFRA), and WHSC1. SUPT6H was found recurrently mutated in two tumors. We suggest independent development lineages of bilateral TGCT. Thus, malignant transformation into intratubular germ cell neoplasia is likely to occur after the migration of PGCs. We reveal possible drivers of TGCT pathogenesis, such as mutated PDGFRA, potentially with therapeutic implications for TGCT patients. PMID:25748235

Brabrand, Sigmund; Johannessen, Bjarne; Axcrona, Ulrika; Kraggerud, Sigrid M.; Berg, Kaja G.; Bakken, Anne C.; Bruun, Jarle; Fosså, Sophie D.; Lothe, Ragnhild A.; Lehne, Gustav; Skotheim, Rolf I.

2015-01-01

125

Multidisciplinary Management of Lacrimal Sac/Nasolacrimal Duct Carcinomas  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine rates of globe-sparing treatment and useful final visual function in patients with primary lacrimal sac/nasolacrimal duct carcinomas treated with multidisciplinary therapy. Methods The medical records of 14 patients with primary lacrimal sac/nasolacrimal duct carcinoma treated at 1 institution were retrospectively reviewed. Results The patients were 9 men and 5 women; the median age at diagnosis was 58.5 years (range, 45–73 years). Seven patients presented with epiphora, 7 with a palpable mass in the inferomedial orbit, and 2 with dacryocystitis. In 3 patients, the diagnosis of cancer was not considered until during or after dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Seven patients had squamous cell carcinoma, 2 transitional cell carcinoma, 2 adenoid cystic carcinoma, and 1 each adenocarcinoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma, and inverted papilloma with carcinoma in situ transformation. Nine patients underwent surgical resection of the lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct, resection of the medial upper and lower eyelids including canaliculi, partial ethmoidectomy, and medial maxillectomy. One patient underwent lacrimal sac biopsy only as another primary malignancy was discovered on the work-up for systemic disease. Four patients underwent orbital exenteration because of extensive involvement of the orbital soft tissue. Radiotherapy was recommended for 13 patients; in 1 patient, radiotherapy was not recommended because the patient had an inverted papilloma with carcinoma in situ transformation that was completely excised. The median radiation dose was 60 Gy. Eight patients received chemotherapy concurrent with radiation therapy (5 patients), as neoadjuvant treatment (1 patient), or for progressive or metastatic disease (3 patients). The median follow-up time was 27 months (range, 6–96 months). In 10 patients, the globe was spared. In 9 of these 10 patients, visual acuity was the same as at baseline or better than 20/40 at last follow-up. Conclusions With multidisciplinary therapy, the eye can be spared and reasonable visual function can be preserved in most patients with primary lacrimal sac/nasolacrimal duct carcinomas. PMID:24195987

El-Sawy, Tarek; Frank, Steven J.; Hanna, Ehab; Sniegowski, Matthew; Lai, Stephen Y.; Nasser, Qasiem J.; Myers, Jeffrey; Esmaeli, Bita

2013-01-01

126

Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL YOLK SAC INFECTION WITH ESCHERICHIA  

E-print Network

, A and B containing 50 birds each. Experimental infection with E. coli was given intra yolk to group of fractional serum proteins. Results showed that yolk sac infection with E. coli led to gross pathological that intra yolk infection with E. coli resulted in pathological changes of yolk sac, increased yolk sac

Boyer, Edmond

127

A TEST OF WHETHER ECONOMY OR NUTRITION DETERMINES FECAL SAC INGESTION IN NESTING CORVIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent birds of many species eat the fecal sacs produced by their nestlings. Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain why the parents ingest, rather than simply remove the sacs. (1) The parental nutrition hypothesis proposes that the parent benefits energetically or nutritionally from ingesting the sacs (Morton 1979, Gliick 1988); and (2) the economic disposal hypothesis postulates that parents

KEVIN J. MCGOWAN

128

Orbital chondrosarcoma arising from paranasal sinuses.  

PubMed

Orbital chondrosarcoma arising from paranasal sinuses or from the nasal cavity with orbital extension is highly unusual. The aim of this report is to describe our multidisciplinary experience in the treatment of three patients with extensive sino-orbital chondrosarcomas. The patients were aged 43, 75 and 63 years, and the tumors originated from the maxillary, sphenoidal, and ethmoidal sinuses, respectively. Magnetic resonance imaging studies showed homogeneously hypointense lesions on T1-weighted scans, which were hyperintense on T2-weighted images. Intranasal endoscopic surgery alone or in combination with other conventional surgical approaches was the main therapeutic choice. Two patients had recurrences treated with wider surgical removal. Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy was used in two cases. Two patients had histopathological grade I tumor and one had grade III chondrosarcoma. No patient had regional spread or distant metastasis. All patients were disease-free at 4, 2, and 3 years, respectively, following their last therapeutic interventions. Endoscopic surgery results in lesser morbidity for chondrosarcomas arising from paranasal sinuses and extending into posterior parts of the orbit. However, because control of surgical margins may not be complete, recurrences may occur justifying more radical approaches. PMID:23129506

Kiratli, Hayyam; Dikmeta?, Ozlem; Tarlan, Berçin; Onerci, Metin

2013-08-01

129

[A solitary neurofibroma arising from the temporal fossa].  

PubMed

Neurofibromas are benign nerve sheath tumors that arise from the nonmyelinating Schwann cells. Generally, neurofibromas can be categorized into dermal and plexiform subtypes. The former subtype is usually associated with a lone peripheral nerve in the integumentary system, while plexiform tumors are associated with many nerve bundles and can originate internally. Rarely, the plexiform tumors can undergo malignant transformation. Neurofibromas are usually found in individuals with neurofibromatosis, which is an autosomal dominant disease. On occasion, an isolated neurofibroma can transpire without being associated with neurofibromatosis. Mostly, these solitary tumors tend to occur in the gastrointestinal system, and neurofibromas of the head and neck are not uncommon, but very rarely they have been reported to occur in the temporal fossa. In this report, we describe a case of a solitary neurofibroma arising from the temporal fossa. PMID:25248275

Tian, Xiaoyan; Luo, Gui; Zhu, Xinhua

2014-07-01

130

Investigation of sulfonated aromatic compound (SAC) modification to nylon film. 2. Study of SAC sorption isotherm and atomic force microscopic characterization of nylon surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Nylon 6 and nylon 66 films have been treated with aqueous sulfonated aromatic compound (SAC) solutions at concentrations ranging from 0.005 to 1.0 wt%. SAC uptakes at different treatment concentrations were measured and found to follow a BET isotherm. The surface morphologies of nylon film samples, including the original and SAC-treated films, have been characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). For untreated nylon 6 and nylon 66 films, AFM images show a randomly distributed fibrillar surface structure. Characteristic widths of fibrils in the nylon 66 and 6 films were 150-225 and 75-150 nm, respectively. For SAC-treated nylon films, the AFM images revealed that the surfaces of the films became covered with nodule-like features having a diameter range of 25-60 nm. AFM analysis provides evidence that SAC treatment deposited a surface coating on nylon films. AFM images of SAC-treated nylon films suggest a mechanism for stain resistance in which the SAC first forms a thin coating on the nylon via bondings between attractive groups in the SAC and nylon polymers. After treatment at increased SAC concentration, the surface is covered with nodule-like deposits which likely serve as a physical barrier to dye permeation. 20 refs., 8 figs.

Zhang, J.; Watson, B.A.; Keown, R.W.; Malone, C.P.; Barteau, M.A. [Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)

1995-08-01

131

SAC-C Mission and the Morning Constellation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SAC-C is an international Earth observing satellite mission conceived as a partnership between CONAE and NASA, but with additional support in instrumentation and satellite development from the Danish DSRI, the Italian ASI, the French CNES and the Brazilian INPE. A Delta II rocket successfully launched it on November 21st, 2000, from Vandenberg AFB, California, USA. SAC-C has been designed primarily to fulfill the requirements of countries with large extension of territory or scarcely populated like Argentina. Its design is a good compromise between resolution and swath width that makes SAC-C an appropriate tool for global and high dynamic phenomena studies. There are ten instruments on board of SAC-C that will perform different studies, the Multispectral Medium Resolution Scanner (MMRS), provided by CONAE, Argentina, will help in the studies about desertification processes evaluation and their evolution in time (i.e., Patagonia, Argentina), to identify and predict agriculture production, to monitor flood areas and to make studies in coastal and fluvial areas. The MMRS will be associated with a High Resolution Technological Camera (HRTC), also provided by CONAE that will permit improvement in the MMRS resolution in the areas where it will be required. A High Sensitivity Technological Camera (HSTC) is also included in the mission. SAC-C also carries instruments to monitor the condition and dynamics of the terrestrial and marine biosphere and environment (GPS OccuLtation and Passive reflection Experiment (GOLPE)) from NASA/JPL. The Magnetic Mapping Payload, (MMP) developed by the Danish Space Research Institute helps to better understand the Earth's magnetic field and related Sun -Earth interactions .Italian Star Tracker (IST) and Italian Navigation Experiment (INES) developed by the Italian Space Agency, constitute a technological payload that will permit testing a fully autonomous system for attitude and orbit determination. Influence of space radiation on advanced components (ICARE), provided by CNES will permit improvement of risk estimation models for radiation effect on last generation integrated circuit technology. . On June 14th, 2000 CONAE and NASA signed an amendment to the Memorandum of Understanding for the SAC-C mission in order that the SAC-C satellite, were included in a constellation - named "Morning Constellation". It is integrated by USA satellites Landsat 7, EO 1, Terra, and Argentine SAC-C that feature on-board instruments from the United States, Argentina, Denmark, Italy, France, and Japan. The four satellite tracks on the Earth's surface are the same, their orbital height being 705 km and their inclination, 98.21 degrees. They cross the Equator at 10:00, 10:01, 10:15, and 10:30 hours, respectively (local time). Satellites comply with the World Wide Reference System. The Constellation has been working since March 2001 as a single mission and several cooperative activities have been undertaken and will be presented in this paper. Several jointly sponsored technical workshops have been held, and also collaborative spacecraft navigation experiments have been made. One of the objectives of the AM Constellation is the collaboration in the case of emergencies, NASA and CONAE agreed to give preference in those situation in the planification of their satellite acquisitions. From all the possible hazardous events, the most important for the country are fire and floods. In relation to fires, CONAE is presently adapting and developing the algorithms for using MODIS data to generate a fire map product. Additionally research on fire detection is carried out using the data from the HSTC camera. In relation to flooding, CONAE works in cooperation to national institutions providing the data and, in some cases, producing flood extent maps. In particular MMRS data is demonstrating to be very effective due to its spectral and radiometric resolutions, and its large swath which is well suited for extended countries like Argentina.

Colomb, F. R.; Alonso, C.; Hofmann, C.; Frulla, L.; Nollmann, I.; Milovich, J.; Kuba, J.; Ares, F.; Kalemkarian, M.

2002-01-01

132

Positional cloning of the mouse saccharin preference (Sac) locus  

PubMed Central

Differences in sweetener intake among inbred strains of mice are partially determined by allelic variation of the saccharin preference (Sac) locus. Genetic and physical mapping limited a critical genomic interval containing Sac to a 194-kb DNA fragment. Sequencing and annotation of this region identified a gene (Tas1r3) encoding the third member of the T1R family of putative taste receptors, T1R3. Introgression by serial backcrossing of the 194-kb chromosomal fragment containing the Tas1r3 allele from the high-sweetener preferring C57BL/6ByJ strain onto the genetic background of the low-sweetener preferring 129P3/J strain rescued its low sweetener preference phenotype. Polymorphisms of Tas1r3 that are likely to have functional significance were identified using analysis of genomic sequences and sweetener preference phenotypes of genealogically distant mouse strains. Tas1r3 has two common haplotypes, consisting of six single nucleotide polymorphisms: one haplotype was found in mouse strains with elevated sweetener preference and the other in strains relatively indifferent to sweeteners. This study provides compelling evidence that Tas1r3 is equivalent to the Sac locus and that the T1R3 receptor responds to sweeteners. PMID:11555487

Bachmanov, Alexander A.; Li, Xia; Reed, Danielle R.; Ohmen, Jeffery D.; Li, Shanru; Chen, Zhenyu; Tordoff, Michael G.; de Jong, Pieter J.; Wu, Chenyan; West, David B.; Chatterjee, Alu; Ross, David A.; Beauchamp, Gary K.

2013-01-01

133

Endometriosis in a spigelian hernia sac: an unexpected finding.  

PubMed

Describes the existence of endometrioma in a spigelian hernia sac. Spigelian Hernia is a rare ventral hernia, presenting difficulties in diagnosis and carrying a high incarceration and obstruction risk. Endometriomas occur due to implantation of endometrial cells into a surgical wound, most often after a cesarean delivery. A 37-year-old woman presented to our department with persistent abdominal pain, exacerbating during menses, and vomiting for 2 days. Physical examination revealed a mass-like lesion in the border between the left-upper and left-lower quadrant. Ultrasound examination was inconclusive and a computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed an abdominal wall mass. During surgery, a spigelian hernia was found 5 to 7 cm above a previous cesarean incision. Tissue like "chocolate cysts" was present at the hernia sac. Hernia was repaired while tissue was excised and sent for histological examination that confirmed the diagnosis. Spigelian hernia is a hernia presenting difficulties in diagnosis and treatment. Endometrioma in a spigelian hernia sac is a rare diagnosis, confirmed only histologically. Clinical suspicion can be posed only through symptoms and thorough investigation. PMID:25594648

Moris, Demetrios; Michalinos, Adamantios; Vernadakis, Spiridon

2015-01-01

134

Oblique sectional planes of block plastinates eased by Sac Plastination.  

PubMed

To find an oblique cutting plane of a plastinate, e.g. to cut gamma-nails in the femur, the Block Plastination technique was modified. After CT and MRI examination, the specimens were plastinated with the standard resin mixture E6/E12/E600. Instead of using a box to form a block during the casting and curing stage, we embedded the specimen in a sac made of polyester foil. A polymerized wooden block was attached to the specimen. The sac was wrapped with tape to the embedded specimen with the block. This approach limited the amount of required resin to the inner volume of the plastinate. Then, the plastination sac was put in the incubator for further polymerization and curing. When the foil was removed from the plastinated specimen, the wooden block served as a socket for the grip when sawing. The outer shape of the specimen remained visible. Doing so, the adequate cutting plane could be determined easily. PMID:22209028

Kürtül, Ibrahim; Hammer, Niels; Rabi, Suganthy; Saito, Toshiyuki; Böhme, Jörg; Steinke, Hanno

2012-07-01

135

SQP methods for parameter identification problems arising in hyperthermia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper introduces an identification problem arising in modern regional hyperthermia, a cancer therapy aiming at heating the tumor by microwave radiation. The task is to identify the highly individual perfusion, which affects the resulting temperature distribution, from magnetic resonance measurements. The identification problem is formulated as an optimization problem. Existence of a solution and optimality conditions are analyzed. For

T. Gänzler; S. Volkwein; M. Weiser

2006-01-01

136

[Pseudomyxoma peritonei spread into the right inguinal hernia sac--a case report].  

PubMed

Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare, progressive disease of unknown origin. The incidence is estimated at about 1-2/100,000,000 per year. The primary tumor site is usually discovered in the appendix or- in case of women--in ovaries, appearing as tumors of low malignancy. Making an accurate diagnosis causes difficulties--symptoms tend to be misleading, suggesting more frequent pathologies of the abdominal cavity. It is also not rare that the patient is for a long time asymptomatic. We present a case of a 68-year-old patient of the Surgical Oncology Department treated for pseudomyxoma peritonei, diagnosed incidentally at the time of clinical examination for the reasons of chronic hypertension. The symptoms reported by the patient did not suggest any neoplastic process of the peritoneal cavity. Systemic chemotherapy of two paths (a total number of 10 cycles) did not result and at the time of post-treatment control, due to no response to standard chemotherapy, it was decided to administer chemotherapy intraperitoneally in hyperthermia (HIPEC). During the operation, peritoneal cytoreduction prior to the scheduled HIPEC was performed; the right-sided inguinal hernia was repaired. Within the hernia sac the implanted myxoid cells were found, their presence inside was probably the main reason of clinical manifestation of the disease. PMID:24340893

Cichon, Paulina; Drucis, Kamil; Kakol, Michal; Jastrzebski, Tomasz; Polec, Tomasz

2013-10-01

137

Choroid Plexus Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) are rare, primary brain tumors arising from the neuroepithelium of the choroid plexus. Although\\u000a they may be found in patients of any age, the vast majority occur in the pediatric population. Up to 70% of these neoplasms\\u000a occur in children, with over half arising in children under 2 years of age [39]. The annual incidence for

Paul Kongkham; James T. Rutka

138

Venous Sac Embolization of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation: Preliminary Experience Using Interlocking Detachable Coils  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the indication and advantages of venous sac embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) using interlocking detachable coils (IDCs). Methods: We performed percutaneous embolization in 12 PAVMs in four patients using IDCs, initially placed in the venous sac or at the feeding artery to prevent systemic migration of additional coils. We placed the IDCs in the venous sac in PAVMs with the following vascular architecture: the draining vein was larger than the feeding arteries and both vessels were interposed with the venous sac or there were short feeding arteries. Results: Complete occlusion was achieved in all 12 PAVMs without significant complications. We deployed IDCs in the venous sac in eight PAVMs and in the feeding artery in four. Conclusion: Venous sac embolization may be beneficial in PAVMs with large out-flow vessels or short feeding arteries. IDCs are suitable for this procedure.

Takahashi, Koji [Department of Radiology, Asahikawa Medical College, 4-5-3-11 Nishikagura, Asahikawa, 078-8510 (Japan); Tanimura, Keiichi; Honda, Masanori [Department of Radiology, Saiseikai Utunomiya Hospital, 911-1 Takebayashi, Tochigi, 321 (Japan); Kikuno, Motoyuki [Department of Radiology, Takagi Hospital, 141-11 Sakami, Ohkawa, 831-0016 (Japan); Toei, Hisao; Hyodoh, Hideki; Furuse, Makoto [Department of Radiology, Jichi Medical School and Hospital, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Minamikawachi, Tochigi, 329-0498 (Japan); Yamada, Tomonori; Aburano, Tamio [Department of Radiology, Asahikawa Medical College, 4-5-3-11 Nishikagura, Asahikawa, 078-8510 (Japan)

1999-05-15

139

SacPox from the thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius is a proficient lactonase  

PubMed Central

Background SacPox, an enzyme from the extremophilic crenarchaeal Sulfolobus acidocaldarius (Sac), was isolated by virtue of its phosphotriesterase (or paraoxonase; Pox) activity, i.e. its ability to hydrolyze the neurotoxic organophosphorus insecticides. Later on, SacPox was shown to belong to the Phosphotriesterase-Like Lactonase family that comprises natural lactonases, possibly involved in quorum sensing, and endowed with promiscuous, phosphotriesterase activity. Results Here, we present a comprehensive and broad enzymatic characterization of the natural lactonase and promiscuous organophosphorus hydrolase activities of SacPox, as well as a structural analysis using a model. Conclusion Kinetic experiments show that SacPox is a proficient lactonase, including at room temperature. Moreover, we discuss the observed differences in substrate specificity between SacPox and its closest homologues SsoPox and SisLac together with the possible structural causes for these observations. PMID:24894602

2014-01-01

140

Lacrimal Sac Cysticercosis: A Rare Site for Manifestation  

PubMed Central

Cysticercosis, a parasitic tissue infestation caused by larval cysts (cysticercus cellulosae) of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, most commonly affects the central nervous system, subcutaneous tissue, skeletal muscle, heart muscle, and the eye. Ocular adnexal infestation in cysticercosis can involve various sites within the eye like vitreous humor, subretinal tissue, extraocular muscle, and lacrimal gland. In this case report, a lump slightly below and medial to inner corner of eye, surgically removed from a 21-year-old male patient, was diagnosed as case of lacrimal sac cysticercosis on histopathological examination. To our knowledge, this is the one of rare sites for manifestation of cysticercus cellulosae. PMID:25478267

Raoot, Amita

2014-01-01

141

Sac Hygroma After Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Successful Treatment with Endograft Relining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aneurysm sac expansion following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is typically associated with endoleaks\\u000a that can be readily diagnosed on computed tomographic angiography (CTA), ultrasound, or catheter-directed arteriography. Sac\\u000a hygromas are a cause of sac expansion without apparent endoleak and are presumed to be a result of ultrafiltration of serum\\u000a manifested by accumulation of fibrinous, gelatinous material within the

Robert K. Ryu; Sarah Palestrant; Jessica Ryu; Jeffrey Trachtenberg

2007-01-01

142

Intelligent Decoupled SAC-SVD Method in Color Space Transformation of Computer Vision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a decoupled SAC-SVD method to calculate color space transformation in single assignment C (SAC) language.\\u000a Chromaticity coordinate transformation is discussed based on the decoupled SAC-SVD method. The conventional color space transformation\\u000a is decomposed into three independent equations, respectively. Singular value decomposition (SVD) transformation is proposed\\u000a to provide the constant values for the associated derivation. Such an algorithm

Jian-long Kuo

2009-01-01

143

Individual variation in perfume blending in male greater sac-winged bats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Male greater sac-winged bats, Saccopteryx bilineata, use hovering flights to court females in their harem territory. While hovering, males fan a fragrant perfume from sac-like organs in the wing membrane towards the females. Each afternoon, males renew the perfumes of their wing sacs during a stereotypical and time-consuming behavioural sequence, which includes blending secretions from genital and gular glands. I

Christian C. Voigt

2002-01-01

144

Spatiotemporal control of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate by Sac2 regulates endocytic recycling.  

PubMed

It is well established that the spatial- and temporal-restricted generation and turnover of phosphoinositides (PIs) by a cascade of PI-metabolizing enzymes is a key regulatory mechanism in the endocytic pathway. Here, we demonstrate that the Sac1 domain-containing protein Sac2 is a PI 4-phosphatase that specifically hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate in vitro. We further show that Sac2 colocalizes with early endosomal markers and is recruited to transferrin (Tfn)-containing vesicles during endocytic recycling. Exogenous expression of the catalytically inactive mutant Sac2C458S resulted in altered cellular distribution of Tfn receptors and delayed Tfn recycling. Furthermore, genomic ablation of Sac2 caused a similar perturbation on Tfn and integrin recycling as well as defects in cell migration. Structural characterization of Sac2 revealed a unique pleckstrin-like homology Sac2 domain conserved in all Sac2 orthologues. Collectively, our findings provide evidence for the tight regulation of PIs by Sac2 in the endocytic recycling pathway. PMID:25869669

Hsu, FoSheng; Hu, Fenghua; Mao, Yuxin

2015-04-13

145

The PIKfyve–ArPIKfyve–Sac3 triad in human breast cancer: Functional link between elevated Sac3 phosphatase and enhanced proliferation of triple negative cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: •We assess PAS complex proteins and phosphoinositide levels in breast cancer cells. •Sac3 and ArPIKfyve are markedly elevated in triple-negative breast cancer cells. •Sac3 silencing inhibits proliferation in triple-negative breast cancer cell lines. •Phosphoinositide profiles are altered in breast cancer cells. •This is the first evidence linking high Sac3 with breast cancer cell proliferation. -- Abstract: The phosphoinositide 5-kinase PIKfyve and 5-phosphatase Sac3 are scaffolded by ArPIKfyve in the PIKfyve–ArPIKfyve–Sac3 (PAS) regulatory complex to trigger a unique loop of PtdIns3P–PtdIns(3,5)P{sub 2} synthesis and turnover. Whereas the metabolizing enzymes of the other 3-phosphoinositides have already been implicated in breast cancer, the role of the PAS proteins and the PtdIns3P–PtdIns(3,5)P{sub 2} conversion is unknown. To begin elucidating their roles, in this study we monitored the endogenous levels of the PAS complex proteins in cell lines derived from hormone-receptor positive (MCF7 and T47D) or triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) (BT20, BT549 and MDA-MB-231) as well as in MCF10A cells derived from non-tumorigenic mastectomy. We report profound upregulation of Sac3 and ArPIKfyve in the triple negative vs. hormone-sensitive breast cancer or non-tumorigenic cells, with BT cell lines showing the highest levels. siRNA-mediated knockdown of Sac3, but not that of PIKfyve, significantly inhibited proliferation of BT20 and BT549 cells. In these cells, knockdown of ArPIKfyve had only a minor effect, consistent with a primary role for Sac3 in TNBC cell proliferation. Intriguingly, steady-state levels of PtdIns(3,5)P{sub 2} in BT20 and T47D cells were similar despite the 6-fold difference in Sac3 levels between these cell lines. However, steady-state levels of PtdIns3P and PtdIns5P, both regulated by the PAS complex, were significantly reduced in BT20 vs. T47D or MCF10A cell lines, consistent with elevated Sac3 affecting directly or indirectly the homeostasis of these lipids in TNBC. Together, our results uncover an unexpected role for Sac3 phosphatase in TNBC cell proliferation. Database analyses, discussed herein, reinforce the involvement of Sac3 in breast cancer pathogenesis.

Ikonomov, Ognian C., E-mail: oikonomo@med.wayne.edu; Filios, Catherine, E-mail: cfilios@med.wayne.edu; Sbrissa, Diego, E-mail: dsbrissa@med.wayne.edu; Chen, Xuequn, E-mail: xchen@med.wayne.edu; Shisheva, Assia, E-mail: ashishev@med.wayne.edu

2013-10-18

146

Tumor microenvironment is multifaceted  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cancer initiation, progression, and invasion occur in a complex and dynamic microenvironment which depends on the hosts and\\u000a sites where tumors develop. Tumors arising in mucosal tissues may progress in an inflammatory context linked to local viral\\u000a and\\/or bacterial infections. At the opposite, tumors developing in immunoprivileged sites are protected from microorganisms\\u000a and grow in an immunosuppressive environment. In the

Catherine Sautès-Fridman; Julien Cherfils-Vicini; Diane Damotte; Sylvain Fisson; Wolf Hervé Fridman; Isabelle Cremer; Marie-Caroline Dieu-Nosjean

2011-01-01

147

A case of tanycytic ependymoma arising from the cerebral hemisphere.  

PubMed

We report a rare case of tanycytic ependymoma arising from the cerebral hemisphere. A 59-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of the incidental detection by MRI of a tumor lesion in the right temporooccipital paratrigonal region. The mass showed low-to iso-intensity on T1-weighted images and high intensity on T2/proton-weighted images. Partial resection was performed using a transsulcal approach to avoid compromising the visual field. Most of the tumor cells showed elongated spindle shapes arranged in dense fascicles. A few true ependymal rosettes and perivascular pseudorosettes were visible. The tumor cells were positive for GFAP, S-100, and vimentin, but negative for synaptophysin, EMA, and keratin. The MIB-1 labeling index was approximately 1%. Ultrastructurally, the tumor cells had ependymal cell features, such as microvilli and cilia. From these findings, a pathological diagnosis of tanycytic ependymoma was made. PMID:18095125

Ito, Tamio; Ozaki, Yoshimaru; Nakamura, Hirohiko; Tanaka, Shinya; Nagashima, Kazuo

2006-10-01

148

Thymoma type B1 arising in a giant supradiaphragmatic thymolipoma.  

PubMed

Thymolipomas are uncommon tumors of the anterior mediastinum. They may extend into, but rarely stem from, the chest cavity. Furthermore, thymoma arising in a thymolipoma is extremely rare. We report a unique case of thymoma type B1 that originated form a giant thymolipoma located in the chest cavity, which was resected by a lateral thoracotomy in a 23-year-old woman. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of thymoma type B1 arising within a giant thymolipoma. PMID:24887884

Kaplan, Tevfik; Han, Serdar; Han, Unsal; Atac, Gokce Kaan; Yanik, Serdar

2014-11-01

149

Chemical investigations of wolf ( Canis lupus ) anal-sac secretion in relation to breeding season  

Microsoft Academic Search

The volatile constituents of wolf anal-sac secretions were examined via capillary gas chromatography and compared among intact males, females, castrate males, ovariectomized females, and anosmic and pinealectomized males and females. Some chemical compounds were deemed significantly different (t test, 95% confidence level) among the groups both during and outside of the mating season, implying that the volatile components of anal-sac

J. Raymer; D. Wiesler; M. Novotny; C. Asa; L. D. Mech

1985-01-01

150

Alpha-fetoprotein, alpha-1-antitrypsin, and transferrin in gonadal yolk-sac tumours  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since gonadal yolk-sac tumour in pure form or as a component of mixed germ cell tumour is in the majority of patients highly malignant, its histological recognition is of great prognostic importance. Yolk-sac tumour may assume various different histological guises, which have hitherto caused considerable terminological confusion; the present paper is aimed at correlating these morphological diversities with biochemical features

J O Beilby; C H Horne; G D Milne; C Parkinson

1979-01-01

151

Sac-vein decompression for intractable Meniere's disease: Two-year treatment results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surgical intervention has been offered to patients with Meniere's disease who have failed medical treatment and have disabling symptoms. Surgical options have included labyrinthectomy (mechanical and chemical), vestibular neurectomy, and endolymphatic sac surgery with or without shunting. We present a modification of endolymphatic sac decompression surgery that includes wide decompression of the sigmoid sinus, posterior cranial fossa dura, and endolymphatic

Gerard J. Gianoli; Michael J. LaRouere; Jack M. Kartush; John Wayman

1998-01-01

152

ter, electrical conductivity, activity of sac-charase, amount of proline and sugar spectra.  

E-print Network

ter, electrical conductivity, activity of sac- charase, amount of proline and sugar spectra. A short time after intake of sugar solu- tions there are changes of sugar spectra, which can be explained by the effect of the enzyme invertase/saccharase. But, in addi- tion, there are sugar types in the honey sac

Boyer, Edmond

153

Aneurysm sac pressure measurements after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The goal of endovascular grafting of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is to exclude the aneurysm sac from systemic pressure and thereby decrease the risk of rupture. Unlike conventional open surgery, branch vessels in the sac (eg, lumbar artery and inferior mesenteric artery [IMA]) are not ligated and can potentially transmit pressure. The purpose of our investigation was to evaluate

Richard A. Baum; Jeffrey P. Carpenter; Constantin Cope; Michael A. Golden; Omaida C. Velazquez; David G. Neschis; Marc E. Mitchell; Clyde F. Barker; Ronald M. Fairman

2001-01-01

154

IN VITRO/IN VIVO COMPARISON OF YOLK SAC FUNCTION AND EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Yolk sac function and development of rat embryos grown in vitro for 24 hrs starting on day 10.5 were compared to those of embryos grown in utero. he embryos grown in vitro had significantly fewer somites, shorter crown-rump length and smaller yolk sac diameter when compared to th...

155

48 CFR 301.603-72 - FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements. 301... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Responsibilities 301.603-72 FAC-C and HHS SAC certification...

2011-10-01

156

48 CFR 301.603-72 - FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements. 301... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Responsibilities 301.603-72 FAC-C and HHS SAC certification...

2014-10-01

157

48 CFR 301.603-72 - FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements. 301... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Responsibilities 301.603-72 FAC-C and HHS SAC certification...

2010-10-01

158

48 CFR 301.603-72 - FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements. 301... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Responsibilities 301.603-72 FAC-C and HHS SAC certification...

2012-10-01

159

48 CFR 301.603-72 - FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements. 301... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Responsibilities 301.603-72 FAC-C and HHS SAC certification...

2013-10-01

160

The influence of locomotion on air-sac pressures in little penguins.  

PubMed

Air-sac pressures have been reported to oscillate with wing beat in flying magpies and with foot paddling in diving ducks. We sought to determine the impact on air-sac pressure of wing beats during swimming and of the step cycle during walking in little penguins (Eudyptula minor). Fluctuations averaged 0.16+/-0.06 kPa in the interclavicular air sacs, but only 0.06+/-0.04 kPa in the posterior thoracic sac, generating a small differential pressure between sacs of 0.06+/-0.02 kPa (means +/- S.E.M., N=4). These fluctuations occurred at approximately 3 Hz and corresponded to wing beats during swimming, indicated by electromyograms from the pectoralis and supracoracoideus muscles. There was no abdominal muscle activity associated with swimming or exhalation, but the abdominal muscles were active with the step cycle in walking penguins, and oscillations in posterior air-sac pressure (0.08+/-0.038 kPa) occurred with steps. We conclude that high-frequency oscillations in differential air-sac pressure enhance access to and utilization of the O(2) stores in the air sacs during a dive. PMID:11707507

Boggs, D F; Baudinette, R V; Frappell, P B; Butler, P J

2001-10-01

161

Pediatric spinal tumors.  

PubMed

Although tumors of the central nervous system in children constitute the second most prevalent tumor type of childhood, spinal cord tumors account for less than 10% of pediatric central nervous system tumors. The most common are intramedullary, although they can be found in the extradural compartment or as intradural extramedullary masses. Extradural tumors can arise from bony elements, the meninges, or soft tissues. Neuroblastomas and sarcomas are frequently encountered along with bone tumors. Intradural extramedullary tumors can be meningeal or from distant sites and include meningiomas and schwannomas; most tend to be benign. Intradural intramedullary tumors, neuronal or glial, can be derived from neuroepithelial tissues. For the intramedullary tumors, astrocytomas represent around 60% of tumors, ependymomas 30%, and developmental tumors 4%. Such tumors require a multidisciplinary approach to ensure optimal patient outcomes. Spinal cord tumors most often present with pain followed by motor regression, gait disturbance, sphincter dysfunction or sensory loss, torticollis, and kyphoscoliosis. Treatment is based on tumor type, but surgical resection is the mainstay. Predictors of outcome include the histological grading, extent of resection, and neurological status at the time of surgery. PMID:23622304

Hsu, Wesley; Jallo, George I

2013-01-01

162

Development of the endolymphatic sac in chick embryos, with reference to the degradation of otoconia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The endolymphatic sac of chick embryos (from embryonic day 7 to 1-day-old chicks) was studied light- and electron-microscopically. At stage 30-31 (embryonic day 7-7.5), the epithelial cells of the endolymphatic sac were cuboidal to columnar in shape. Microvilli were relatively well developed. The intercellular space was wide. In the endolymphatic space of the endolymphatic sac, varying shapes and sizes of otoconia-like bodies were often observed. Intracytoplasmic phagosomes containing these bodies were rarely found. After stage 37 (embryonic day 11), otoconia-like bodies in the endolymphatic sac decreased in number and size. They were almost the same as the otoconia in the macular organs, ultrastructurally. These findings indicate that the endolymphatic sac of the chick embryos may possess the function of otoconial degradation and removal of calcium from otoconia.

Yoshihara, T.; Kaname, H.; Narita, N.; Ishii, T.; Igarashi, M.; Fermin, C. D.

1992-01-01

163

Clearance of chlamydial elementary bodies from the conjunctival sac  

SciTech Connect

The rate of disappearance of inactivated Chlamydia trachomatis elementary body (EB) preparations from the conjunctival sac was studied in monkeys. Direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) cytology showed that the majority of EB had been cleared from the eye within 24 hr of the inoculation of 1 X 10(6) inactivated EB, although small numbers of EB could be detected for up to 144 hr. The rate of clearance in normal and ocular immune animals did not differ, and formalin-killed and UV-inactivated EBs disappeared at a comparable rate. These studies suggest that chlamydial EB are cleared relatively quickly from the eye and support the notion that EBs detected by DFA cytology indicate the presence of current infection.

Taylor, H.R.; Velez, V.L.

1987-07-01

164

48 CFR 301.603-74 - Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. 301.603-74 Section... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. To maintain...

2014-10-01

165

48 CFR 301.603-74 - Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. 301.603-74 Section... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. To maintain...

2011-10-01

166

48 CFR 301.603-74 - Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. 301.603-74 Section... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. To maintain...

2013-10-01

167

48 CFR 301.603-74 - Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. 301.603-74 Section... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. To maintain...

2012-10-01

168

48 CFR 301.603-74 - Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. 301.603-74 Section... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL HHS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career...Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. To maintain...

2010-10-01

169

Breast cancer arising de novo in recipients of kidney allograft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immunosuppressive therapy is not only an etiologic factor ofde novo malignant disease but it also accelerates progression of the already developed malignant disease in immunosuppressed recipients.\\u000a Two cases ofde novo breast cancer arising in kidney transplant recipients are reported herein. A 25 year-old woman, transplanted one haploidentical\\u000a kidney transplant 4 years and 9 months ago, developed a left breast tumor.

Tadaki Yasumura; Yoshihiro Ohmori; Ichiro Aikawa; Kouhei Arakawa; Keisuke Nakaji; Ichiro Nakai; Takahiro Oka; Yoshihiro Nakane

1989-01-01

170

A case of tanycytic ependymoma arising from the cerebral hemisphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a rare case of tanycytic ependymoma arising from the cerebral hemisphere. A 59-year-old man was admitted to our\\u000a hospital because of the incidental detection by MRI of a tumor lesion in the right temporooccipital paratrigonal region. The\\u000a mass showed low-to iso-intensity on T1-weighted images and high intensity on T2\\/proton-weighted images. Partial resection was performed using a transsulcal approach

Tamio Ito; Yoshimaru Ozaki; Hirohiko Nakamura; Shinya Tanaka; Kazuo Nagashima

2006-01-01

171

Adrenal tumor.  

E-print Network

We report on a 23-year-old woman with a right adrenal tumor 13 cm in diameter who was treated by laparoscopy. The patient was asymptomatic, and the tumor was incidentally diagnosed on abdominal ultrasonography. A subsequent computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen confirmed a 12x7x8-cm homogenous mass of the right adrenal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a solid mass measuring 13x7x7.5 cm arising from the right adrenal. Laparoscopic complete excision of the mass was accomplished through a transabdominal lateral approach. The postoperative period was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on the second postoperative day. Histology was consistent with an adrenal ganglioneuroma. Two years later, there is no evidence of recurrence on abdominal CT scan.

172

Castor sacs and anal glands of the north american beaver ( Castor canadensis ): their histology, development, and relationship to scent communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both sexes of beavers possess a pair of castor sacs and a pair of anal glands located in paired subcutaneous cavities between the pelvis and the base of the tail. The castor sacs are not glandular in the histological sense, hence references to these structures as preputial glands or castor glands are misnomers. The wall of the castor sacs is

Jon M. Walro; Gerald E. Svendsen

1982-01-01

173

Nordic rattle: the hoarse vocalization and the inflatable laryngeal air sac of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)  

PubMed Central

Laryngeal air sacs have evolved convergently in diverse mammalian lineages including insectivores, bats, rodents, pinnipeds, ungulates and primates, but their precise function has remained elusive. Among cervids, the vocal tract of reindeer has evolved an unpaired inflatable ventrorostral laryngeal air sac. This air sac is not present at birth but emerges during ontogenetic development. It protrudes from the laryngeal vestibulum via a short duct between the epiglottis and the thyroid cartilage. In the female the growth of the air sac stops at the age of 2–3 years, whereas in males it continues to grow up to the age of about 6 years, leading to a pronounced sexual dimorphism of the air sac. In adult females it is of moderate size (about 100 cm3), whereas in adult males it is large (3000–4000 cm3) and becomes asymmetric extending either to the left or to the right side of the neck. In both adult females and males the ventral air sac walls touch the integument. In the adult male the air sac is laterally covered by the mandibular portion of the sternocephalic muscle and the skin. Both sexes of reindeer have a double stylohyoid muscle and a thyroepiglottic muscle. Possibly these muscles assist in inflation of the air sac. Head-and-neck specimens were subjected to macroscopic anatomical dissection, computer tomographic analysis and skeletonization. In addition, isolated larynges were studied for comparison. Acoustic recordings were made during an autumn round-up of semi-domestic reindeer in Finland and in a small zoo herd. Male reindeer adopt a specific posture when emitting their serial hoarse rutting calls. Head and neck are kept low and the throat region is extended. In the ventral neck region, roughly corresponding to the position of the large air sac, there is a mane of longer hairs. Neck swelling and mane spreading during vocalization may act as an optical signal to other males and females. The air sac, as a side branch of the vocal tract, can be considered as an additional acoustic filter. Individual acoustic recognition may have been the primary function in the evolution of a size-variable air sac, and this function is retained in mother–young communication. In males sexual selection seems to have favoured a considerable size increase of the air sac and a switch to call series instead of single calls. Vocalization became restricted to the rutting period serving the attraction of females. We propose two possibilities for the acoustic function of the air sac in vocalization that do not exclude each other. The first assumes a coupling between air sac and the environment, resulting in an acoustic output that is a combination of the vocal tract resonance frequencies emitted via mouth and nostrils and the resonance frequencies of the air sac transmitted via the neck skin. The second assumes a weak coupling so that resonance frequencies of the air sac are lost to surrounding tissues by dissipation. In this case the resonance frequencies of the air sac solely influence the signal that is further filtered by the remaining vocal tract. According to our results one acoustic effect of the air sac in adult reindeer might be to mask formants of the vocal tract proper. In other cervid species, however, formants of rutting calls convey essential information on the quality of the sender, related to its potential reproductive success, to conspecifics. Further studies are required to solve this inconsistency. PMID:17310544

Frey, Roland; Gebler, Alban; Fritsch, Guido; Nygrén, Kaarlo; Weissengruber, Gerald E

2007-01-01

174

Sphenoid esthesioneuroblastoma arising from the hindmost olfactory filament.  

PubMed

Esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB), or olfactory neuroblastoma, is a rare malignant neoplasm arising from the olfactory neuroepithelium. Typically, ENBs are found in the olfactory cleft with extension to the ethmoid sinuses or anterior skull base. Here we report a case of ENB located in the sphenoid sinus, which had been considered as an ectopic ENB. However, endoscopic resection revealed the continuity of the tumor with the hindmost olfactory filament. The present case suggests that an ENB in the sphenoid sinus was not ectopic, but arose from the normal olfactory neuroepithelium. This continuity of the ENB with this filament indicated that the tumor was not ectopic, and that there was possible tumor invasion into the olfactory neuroepithelium in the cribriform niche. Therefore, pathological examination of the olfactory neuroepithelium in the cribriform niche may be necessary in case of sphenoid ENBs. PMID:25459497

Matsunaga, Mami; Nakagawa, Takayuki; Sakamoto, Tatsunori; Ito, Juichi

2015-04-01

175

Melanoma Arising after Imiquimod Use  

PubMed Central

Imiquimod belongs to the class of 1H-imidazo-[4,5-c]quinolones—drugs originally developed as nucleoside analogues with the aim of finding new potential antiviral agents (Harrison et al., 1988). Indeed, Imiquimod was first released as treatment for genital warts before its actions against skin cancer were studied. Imiquimod is a relatively small sized molecule (Mr = 240.3) and is hydrophobic, allowing it to penetrate the skin epidermal barrier and therefore making it suitable for topical formulations (Gerster et al., 2005). Imiquimod has shown itself effective against skin cancers and precancerous lesions, especially basal cell cancers and actinic keratosis (Salasche et al., 2002, Beutner et al., 1999). There have been reports of Imiquimod being used as topical treatment against cutaneous metastases of melanoma and some authors have reported its use as first-line therapy against melanoma in situ (Smyth et al., 2011, Gagnon, 2011). We report a case of an invasive malignant melanoma arising de novo at the specific site of application of Imiquimod (Aldara cream 5%) for a biopsy-proven superficial BCC. Therefore while Imiquimod has added to our topical armamentarium against skin cancer, care must be exercised in prescribing this treatment and it is especially important to follow up patients regularly. PMID:25431597

2014-01-01

176

Endometrial stromal sarcoma arising in colorectal endometriosis: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Extrauterine endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) arising in endometriosis is extremely rare, particularly in the colorectum. It should always be included in the differential diagnosis of primary tumors originating from gastrointestinal tract in females, given that preoperative endoscopical biopsy may reveal no specific changes. We reported a case of ESS arising in colorectal endometriosis and reviewed the previous 7 cases reported in the English literature. Our patient, who was unavailable for tumor resection and refused further adjuvant therapy, played a role in representing the natural history of low-grade extragenital ESS. This case was the only death from ESS arising in colorectal endometriosis. PMID:25648532

Wang, Qiao; Zhao, Xia; Han, Ping

2015-01-01

177

Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma Arising in Colorectal Endometriosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Extrauterine endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) arising in endometriosis is extremely rare, particularly in the colorectum. It should always be included in the differential diagnosis of primary tumors originating from gastrointestinal tract in females, given that preoperative endoscopical biopsy may reveal no specific changes. We reported a case of ESS arising in colorectal endometriosis and reviewed the previous 7 cases reported in the English literature. Our patient, who was unavailable for tumor resection and refused further adjuvant therapy, played a role in representing the natural history of low-grade extragenital ESS. This case was the only death from ESS arising in colorectal endometriosis. PMID:25648532

Wang, Qiao; Zhao, Xia; Han, Ping

2015-01-01

178

The effect of pigeon yolk sac fluid on the growth behavior of calcium carbonate crystals.  

PubMed

Previous experiments have proved that thermodynamically unstable calcium carbonate vaterite can exist for long periods in the yolk sac of a pigeon embryo. The aim of this article was to demonstrate the effect of in vitro mineralization of yolk sac fluid on calcium carbonate by direct precipitation. Experiments were conducted using pigeon yolk sac fluid and using lecithin extracted from pigeon yolk sac fluid as a control to investigate the regulating effects of the organic components in the embryo on the formation of the calcium carbonate precipitate. Multiple characterization methods were employed to study the various morphological patterns, sizes, crystal growth, and crystal phase transformations of the calcium carbonate precipitates as regulated by the yolk sac fluid extracted at different stages of incubation. The experimental results demonstrate that as the incubation proceeds towards the later stages, the composition and environmental features of the yolk sac fluid become more favorable for the formation of relatively unstable calcium carbonate phases with high energies of the vaterite state. The experiments conducted with extracted lecithin as the template for crystal growth yielded similar results. A large amount of organic molecules with polar functional groups carried by the yolk sac fluid have strong effects and can both initially induce the crystallization and regulate the aggregation of calcium carbonate. Furthermore, this regulation process is found to be closely related to the lecithin contained in yolk sac fluid. These observations confirm the changes in yolk sac fluid composition during incubation have significant effects on the production of vaterite, which implicates the calcium transport during embryo growth. PMID:25681477

Song, Juan; Cheng, Haixia; Shen, Xinyu; Tong, Hua

2015-03-01

179

XPS of oxygen atoms on Ag(111) and Ag(110) surfaces: accurate study with SAC/SAC-CI combined with dipped adcluster model.  

PubMed

O1s core-electron binding energies (CEBE) of the atomic oxygens on different Ag surfaces were investigated by the symmetry adapted cluster-configuration interaction (SAC-CI) method combined with the dipped adcluster model, in which the electron exchange between bulk metal and adsorbate is taken into account properly. Electrophilic and nucleophilic oxygens (O(elec) and O(nuc)) that might be important for olefin epoxidation in a low-oxygen coverage condition were focused here. We consider the O1s CEBE as a key property to distinguish the surface oxygen states, and series of calculation was carried out by the Hartree-Fock, Density functional theory, and SAC/SAC-CI methods. The experimental information and our SAC/SAC-CI results indicate that O(elec) is the atomic oxygen adsorbed on the fcc site of Ag(111) and that O(nuc) is the one on the reconstructed added-row site of Ag(110) and that one- and two-electron transfers occur, respectively, to the O(elec) and O(nuc) adclusters from the silver surface. PMID:23677698

Ishikawa, Atsushi; Nakatsuji, Hiroshi

2013-08-01

180

Surveillance Analysis Computer System (SACS): Software requirements specification (SRS). Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

This document is the primary document establishing requirements for the Surveillance Analysis Computer System (SACS) database, an Impact Level 3Q system. SACS stores information on tank temperatures, surface levels, and interstitial liquid levels. This information is retrieved by the customer through a PC-based interface and is then available to a number of other software tools. The software requirements specification (SRS) describes the system requirements for the SACS Project, and follows the Standard Engineering Practices (WHC-CM-6-1), Software Practices (WHC-CM-3-10) and Quality Assurance (WHC-CM-4-2, QR 19.0) policies.

Glasscock, J.A.

1995-03-08

181

Ontogenetic regulation of leukocyte recruitment in mouse yolk sac vessels  

PubMed Central

In adult mammals, leukocyte recruitment follows a well-defined cascade of adhesion events enabling leukocytes to leave the circulatory system and transmigrate into tissue. Currently, it is unclear whether leukocyte recruitment proceeds in a similar fashion during fetal development. Considering the fact that the incidence of neonatal sepsis increases dramatically with decreasing gestational age in humans, we hypothesized that leukocyte recruitment may be acquired only late during fetal ontogeny. To test this, we developed a fetal intravital microscopy model in pregnant mice and, using LysEGFP (neutrophil reporter) mice, investigated leukocyte recruitment during fetal development. We show that fetal blood neutrophils acquire the ability to roll and adhere on inflamed yolk sac vessels during late fetal development, whereas at earlier embryonic stages (before day E15), rolling and adhesion were essentially absent. Accordingly, flow chamber experiments showed that fetal EGFP+ blood cells underwent efficient adhesion only when they were harvested on or after E15. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis on EGFP+ fetal blood cells revealed that surface expression of CXCR2 and less pronounced P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) begin to increase only late in fetal life. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that inflammation-induced leukocyte recruitment is ontogenetically regulated and enables efficient neutrophil trafficking only during late fetal life. PMID:23525796

Quackenbush, Elizabeth J.; Sushkova, Natalia; Altstätter, Johannes; Nussbaum, Claudia; Schmid, Stephan; Pruenster, Monika; Kurz, Angela; Margraf, Andreas; Steppner, Alina; Schweiger, Natalie; Borsig, Lubor; Boros, Ildiko; Krajewski, Nele; Genzel-Boroviczeny, Orsolya; Jeschke, Udo; Frommhold, David

2013-01-01

182

Cotton embryogenesis: The entrance and discharge of the pollen tube in the embryo sac  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the entrance and discharge of the pollen tube into the embryo sac of Gossypium hirsutum was made with the light and electron microscopes. The following sequence of events is seen in cotton:

William A. Jensen; Donald B. Fisher

1967-01-01

183

Performance Evaluation of Hybrid SCM/SAC-OCDMA Transmissions System using Dynamic Cyclic Shift Code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, the performance of a hybrid scheme of Subcarrier Multiplexing (SCM) technique in a Spectral Amplitude Coding (SAC) Optical Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) transmissions system is evaluated. The hybrid system is design using new code family; we call it Dynamic Cyclic Shift (DCS) code. The DCS code design for SAC-OCDMA system to reduce the effect of Multi Access Interference due to it property of low cross-correlation (?C ? 1) between code words. In contrast, the SCM scheme shows the ability to increase the data rate of SAC-OCDMA system. Consequently, the hybrid SCM/SAC-OCDMA system could be one promising solution to the high-capacity access network with low cost effective, good flexibility and enhanced security, which makes an attractive candidate for next-generation broadband access network.

Abd, Thanaa Hussein; Aljunid, S. A.; Fadhil, Hilal Adnan; Radhi, Ibrahim Fadhil; Saad, N. M.

2012-12-01

184

Histological and histochemical analyses of the cuttlebone sac of the golden cuttlefish Sepia esculenta  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The secretion function of mantle is closely related to shell formation in some bivalves and gastropods. Up to now, few researches have been reported for cuttlebone formation in the class Cephalopoda. In this study, the structure and secretion function of cuttlebone sac of the golden cuttlefish Sepia esculenta was analyzed using the histological and histochemical methods. The results showed that high and columnar cells located in sac epithelium, and flat cells existed near the base membrane. A lot of fibroblasts were found in the lateral mantle collective tissue. Some mucus, mucopolysaccharide and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were found in the sac. The ultrastructural characteristics of Quasi-connective-tissue-calcium cells (QCTCC) were observed using a transmission electron microscope (TEM). The relationship between cuttlebone sac secretion function and shell formation was discussed.

Zheng, Xiaodong; Xiao, Shu; Wang, Zhaoping; Wang, Rucai

2007-10-01

185

Histological evaluation of pearl-sac development in the Concho Pearly Mussel (Cyrtonaias tampicoens)  

E-print Network

The purpose of this project was to assess the wound repair properties and epithelial cell proliferation in the processes necessary to develop a pearl-sac in the mantle of the Concho Pearly Mussel (Uniodidea: Cyrtonaias tampicoens). Samples...

Tower, Stephan N.

2002-01-01

186

38 CFR Appendix A to Part 41 - Data Collection Form (Form SF-SAC)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SF-SAC and instructions for its completion may be obtained from the following Web page: http://harvester.census.gov/fac/collect/sfsac_01.pdf . It is also available from the address provided in §...

2010-07-01

187

Experience of direct percutaneous sac injection in type II endoleak using cone beam computed tomography  

PubMed Central

Cone beam CT, usually used in dental area, could easily obtain 3-dimensional images using cone beam shaped ionized radiation. Cone beam CT is very useful for direct percutaneous sac injection (DPSI) which needs very precise measurement to avoid puncture of inferior vena cava or vessel around sac or stent graft. Here we describe two cases of DPSI using cone beam CT. In case 1, a 79-year-old male had widening of preexisted type II endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, transarterial embolization failed due to tortuous collateral branches of lumbar arteries. In case 2, a 72-year-old female had symptomatic sac enlargement by type II endoleak after EVAR. However, there was no route to approach the lumbar arteries. Therefore, we performed DPSI assisted by cone beam CT in cases 1, 2. Six-month CT follow-up revealed no sign of sac enlargement by type II endoleak.

Park, Yoong-Seok; Do, Young Soo; Park, Hong Suk; Park, Kwang Bo

2015-01-01

188

Experience of direct percutaneous sac injection in type II endoleak using cone beam computed tomography.  

PubMed

Cone beam CT, usually used in dental area, could easily obtain 3-dimensional images using cone beam shaped ionized radiation. Cone beam CT is very useful for direct percutaneous sac injection (DPSI) which needs very precise measurement to avoid puncture of inferior vena cava or vessel around sac or stent graft. Here we describe two cases of DPSI using cone beam CT. In case 1, a 79-year-old male had widening of preexisted type II endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, transarterial embolization failed due to tortuous collateral branches of lumbar arteries. In case 2, a 72-year-old female had symptomatic sac enlargement by type II endoleak after EVAR. However, there was no route to approach the lumbar arteries. Therefore, we performed DPSI assisted by cone beam CT in cases 1, 2. Six-month CT follow-up revealed no sign of sac enlargement by type II endoleak. PMID:25844359

Park, Yoong-Seok; Do, Young Soo; Park, Hong Suk; Park, Kwang Bo; Kim, Dong-Ik

2015-04-01

189

Vagal innervation of the air sacs in a songbird, Taenopygia guttata  

PubMed Central

The air sacs of birds are thin-walled chambers connected to the lung that act as bellows in the ventilatory mechanism. Physiological evidence exists to suggest that they may contain receptors that are innervated by the vagus nerve, but no morphological study has examined the vagal innervation of these putative structures. To do this, we injected the cervical vagus nerve with choleragenoid and examined the innervation of the air sacs using light and confocal microscopy. We identified vagally innervated structures in the air sac wall that resemble the neuroepithelial bodies (NEBs) described in the airways of many vertebrates. Although NEBs have been proposed to have a dual chemoreceptive and mechanoreceptive role, their specific function in the air sacs of birds remains unclear. PMID:15061754

Kubke, M Fabiana; Ross, Jacqueline M; Wild, J Martin

2004-01-01

190

Evidence for Avian Intrathoracic Air Sacs in a New Predatory Dinosaur from Argentina  

PubMed Central

Background Living birds possess a unique heterogeneous pulmonary system composed of a rigid, dorsally-anchored lung and several compliant air sacs that operate as bellows, driving inspired air through the lung. Evidence from the fossil record for the origin and evolution of this system is extremely limited, because lungs do not fossilize and because the bellow-like air sacs in living birds only rarely penetrate (pneumatize) skeletal bone and thus leave a record of their presence. Methodology/Principal Findings We describe a new predatory dinosaur from Upper Cretaceous rocks in Argentina, Aerosteon riocoloradensis gen. et sp. nov., that exhibits extreme pneumatization of skeletal bone, including pneumatic hollowing of the furcula and ilium. In living birds, these two bones are pneumatized by diverticulae of air sacs (clavicular, abdominal) that are involved in pulmonary ventilation. We also describe several pneumatized gastralia (“stomach ribs”), which suggest that diverticulae of the air sac system were present in surface tissues of the thorax. Conclusions/Significance We present a four-phase model for the evolution of avian air sacs and costosternal-driven lung ventilation based on the known fossil record of theropod dinosaurs and osteological correlates in extant birds: (1)?Phase I—Elaboration of paraxial cervical air sacs in basal theropods no later than the earliest Late Triassic. (2)?Phase II—Differentiation of avian ventilatory air sacs, including both cranial (clavicular air sac) and caudal (abdominal air sac) divisions, in basal tetanurans during the Jurassic. A heterogeneous respiratory tract with compliant air sacs, in turn, suggests the presence of rigid, dorsally attached lungs with flow-through ventilation. (3)?Phase III—Evolution of a primitive costosternal pump in maniraptoriform theropods before the close of the Jurassic. (4)?Phase IV—Evolution of an advanced costosternal pump in maniraptoran theropods before the close of the Jurassic. In addition, we conclude: (5)?The advent of avian unidirectional lung ventilation is not possible to pinpoint, as osteological correlates have yet to be identified for uni- or bidirectional lung ventilation. (6)?The origin and evolution of avian air sacs may have been driven by one or more of the following three factors: flow-through lung ventilation, locomotory balance, and/or thermal regulation. PMID:18825273

Sereno, Paul C.; Martinez, Ricardo N.; Wilson, Jeffrey A.; Varricchio, David J.; Alcober, Oscar A.; Larsson, Hans C. E.

2008-01-01

191

Imaging of Neuroendocrine Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) arise from amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation (APUD) cells throughout the nervous and\\u000a endocrine systems, which produce and secrete regulatory hormones. NETs commonly originate in: (1) argentaffin cells of the\\u000a gut, resulting in carcinoid tumors, (2) endocrine cells in the pancreas, (3) calcitonin-producing thyroid cells, resulting\\u000a in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), and (4) parathyroid, adrenal, and pituitary

Piyaporn Boonsirikamchai; Mohamed Khalaf Aly Asran; Chusilp Charnsangavej

192

Deposition of anal-sac secretions by captive wolves (Canis lupus)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Deposition of anal-sac secretions by captive wolves was investigated by a labelling technique using protein-bound iodine125 and food dye. Wolves deposited secretions on some but not all scats. Adult males, especially the alpha male, deposited anal-sac secretions more frequently while defecating than did females or juveniles. Secretions sometimes also were deposited independently of defecation, suggesting a dual role in communication by these substances.

Asa, C.S.; Peterson, E.K.; Seal, U.S.; Mech, L.D.

1985-01-01

193

Testosterone sensitivity of the seminal sacs of tree sparrows (Spizella arborea) in different reproductive states.  

PubMed

Testosterone sensitivity of the seminal sacs of castrated tree sparrows from each of three reproductive states was evaluated by measuring the change in seminal-sac mass per unit change in the logarithm of replacement or plasma testosterone. Birds were exposed to exogenous testosterone for 38 days. Replacement doses less than 0.17 mumol or plasma concentrations less than about 0.7 nmol/l did not induce seminal-sac growth in photosensitive castrated birds held on short days, in photosensitive castrated birds transferred from short to long days, or in photorefractory castrated birds retained on long days. Higher replacement doses or plasma concentrations, however, stimulated log dose-dependent growth of the seminal sacs in castrated birds from all three reproductive states. The change in seminal-sac mass per unit change in the logarithm of the dose of replacement testosterone was less (P = 0.0495) in photosensitive castrated birds held on short days than in photosensitive castrated birds transferred to long days. A more critical test of sensitivity (i.e. the change in seminal-sac mass per unit change in the logarithm of mean plasma testosterone concentration) indicated, however, that sensitivity of the seminal sacs to testosterone is independent of reproductive state. That result, when considered in the context of the plasma testosterone profile of intact males during a simulated reproductive cycle, argues that the seminal sacs of sexually quiescent (photosensitive or photorefractory) tree sparrows are small not because of their insensitivity to androgens, but because of a deficiency of circulating androgens. PMID:3701240

Wilson, F E

1986-04-01

194

Lipid components in anal scent sacs of three mongoose species ( Helogale parvula, Crossarchus obscurus, Suricata suricatta )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anal sac secretions of three social mongoose species (Helogale parvula, Crossarchus obscurus, andSuricata suricatta) were chemically analyzed by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Compounds with high molecular weights (greater than 250) were found to distinguish the three species. Differences in composition suggest a possible species-specific role in scent marking. MaleH. parvula had vitamin E present in the anal sac, whereas

Denise M. Decker; David Ringelberg; David C. White

1992-01-01

195

Acoustic analysis of primate air sacs and their effect on vocalization.  

PubMed

This paper presents an analysis of the acoustic impedance of primate air sacs and their interaction with the vocal tract. A lumped element model is derived and it is found that the inertance of the neck and the volume of the air sac are relevant, as well as the mass and stiffness of the walls (depending on the tissue). It is also shown that at low frequencies, radiation from the air sac can be non-negligible, even if the mouth is open. It is furthermore shown that an air sac can add one or two low resonances to the resonances of the oral tract, and that it shifts up the oral tract's resonances below approximately 2000 Hz, and shifts them closer together. The theory was verified by acoustic measurements and applied to the red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus) and the siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus). The theory describes the physical models and the siamang calls correctly, but appears incomplete for the howler monkey vocalizations. The relation between air sacs and the evolution of speech is discussed briefly, and it is proposed that an air sac would reduce the ability to produce distinctive speech, but would enhance the impression of size of the vocalizer. PMID:20000947

de Boer, Bart

2009-12-01

196

Multiscale Modeling of the Effect of Micro-alloying Mn and Sb on the Viscoplastic Response of SAC105 Solder  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the time-dependent viscoplastic response of two relatively new SAC105-X solders—SAC105-05Mn (Sn1.0Ag0.5Cu (SAC105) doped with 0.05 wt.% Mn), and SAC105-55Sb (SAC105 doped with 0.55 wt.% Sb). The results showed that the addition of Mn or Sb increases the creep resistance of SAC105 solder by one to two orders of magnitude at the tested stress levels of 2-20 MPa. The addition of Mn as a fourth alloying element promotes homogeneous distribution of micron-scale Cu6Sn5 intermetallic compounds (IMCs), thereby reducing their interparticle spacing as compared to that of SAC105. On the other hand, addition of Sb does not change the spacing of the Cu6Sn5 particle, but promotes the formation of uniformly sized Sn dendritic lobes, homogeneously distributed in the whole solder joint. Moreover, Sb also forms a solid solution with Sn and strengthens the Sn matrix in SAC105-55Sb itself. The effects of these microstructural changes (obtained using image processing) on the secondary creep constitutive response of SAC105 solder interconnects were then modeled using a mechanistic multiscale creep model. The mechanistic model was able to accurately capture the trends in the secondary creep constitutive response of the alloys and to explain the improvement in creep resistance of SAC105 due to the addition of Mn and Sb.

Mukherjee, Subhasis; Dasgupta, Abhijit; Zhou, Bite; Bieler, Thomas R.

2014-04-01

197

Established and potential physiological roles of bicarbonate-sensing soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) in aquatic animals  

PubMed Central

Soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) is a recently recognized source of the signaling molecule cyclic AMP (cAMP) that is genetically and biochemically distinct from the classic G-protein-regulated transmembrane adenylyl cyclases (tmACs). Mammalian sAC is distributed throughout the cytoplasm and it may be present in the nucleus and inside mitochondria. sAC activity is directly stimulated by HCO3?, and sAC has been confirmed to be a HCO3? sensor in a variety of mammalian cell types. In addition, sAC can functionally associate with carbonic anhydrases to act as a de facto sensor of pH and CO2. The two catalytic domains of sAC are related to HCO3?-regulated adenylyl cyclases from cyanobacteria, suggesting the cAMP pathway is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism for sensing CO2 levels and/or acid/base conditions. Reports of sAC in aquatic animals are still limited but are rapidly accumulating. In shark gills, sAC senses blood alkalosis and triggers compensatory H+ absorption. In the intestine of bony fishes, sAC modulates NaCl and water absorption. And in sea urchin sperm, sAC may participate in the initiation of flagellar movement and in the acrosome reaction. Bioinformatics and RT-PCR results reveal that sAC orthologs are present in most animal phyla. This review summarizes the current knowledge on the physiological roles of sAC in aquatic animals and suggests additional functions in which sAC may be involved. PMID:24574382

Tresguerres, Martin; Barott, Katie L.; Barron, Megan E.; Roa, Jinae N.

2014-01-01

198

Invasive Breast Carcinoma Arising in Microglandular Adenosis: Two Case Reports  

PubMed Central

Microglandular adenosis (MGA) is a rare benign disease that shows an infiltrative growth pattern of small glands, and it may progress to include atypia and carcinoma. Here we report two cases of breast carcinoma arising in MGA. Case 1 was a 44-year-old woman with a previous history of ductal carcinoma in situ in her right breast. During a follow-up, a 1.8 cm mass-like lesion was found in her left breast. An excisional biopsy suggested that the lesion was breast carcinoma. Case 2 was a 57-year-old woman with a 2.9 cm mass in her right breast. A core needle biopsy of the lesion suggested invasive carcinoma. Both patients underwent modified radical mastectomy with sentinel lymph node biopsy. Both tumors lacked a myoepithelial cell layer and stained positively for S-100, lysozyme, and ?1-antitrypsin, which is typical of MGA. Both cases showed invasive carcinoma arising in MGA. PMID:24454466

Choi, Jung Eun

2013-01-01

199

Rhabdomyosarcoma arising in a giant congenital melanocytic nevus.  

PubMed

A number of lesions have been documented to arise within congenital melanocytic nevi (CMNs). Although the most frequent malignancy arising within a CMN is melanoma, the association between rhabdomyosarcoma and CMN has rarely been documented. We present a case arising in a 4-month-old girl with a giant CMN. She presented for evaluation of a pedunculated lesion at the superior gluteal crease that had been present since birth and exhibited rapid growth. Biopsy of the lesion revealed two distinct components: an expansile proliferation of pleomorphic cells with varying degrees of cellularity and a proliferation of banal-appearing melanocytic nevic cells. The cells of the expansile proliferation displayed a wide range of morphologic features, including nests of round cells, spindle-shaped cells, and more differentiated rhabdomyoblasts within a myxoid, highly vascularized stroma. Cross-striations, a marker of skeletal muscle differentiation, were present. These tumor cells were strongly immunoreactive with desmin, myo-D1, and myogenin. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis with PAX3/7-FKHR probes was negative. A diagnosis of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in association with CMN was made. Initial excision revealed tumor at the margins, and the patient underwent reexcision with subsequent chemotherapy with vincristine, actinomycin D, and cyclophosphamide. She was disease-free at the 6-year follow-up. It has been postulated that the combination of melanocytic and rhabdomyoblastic cells within the same lesion may imply derivation from a common pluripotent stem cell or neural crest cell. Clinicians following patients with giant CMN should consider rhabdomyosarcoma in the differential diagnosis of lesions arising within the nevus. PMID:24913904

Christman, Mitalee P; Kerner, Jennifer K; Cheng, Carol; Piris, Adriano; Nepo, Anne G; Sepehr, Alireza; Kroshinsky, Daniela

2014-01-01

200

[Germ cell and embryonal tumors].  

PubMed

Germ cell tumors, which constitute approximately 3-5% of tumors of the central nervous system (CNS), can be subdivided into germinomas, embryonal carcinomas, yolk sac tumors, choriocarcinomas, teratomas and mixed germ cell tumors. The diagnosis of intracranial germ cell tumor is based on the clinical symptoms, detection of tumor markers, such as alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and the beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and spinal cord, CSF cytology and histology. The diagnosis of a secreting germ cell tumor, i.e. a non-germinoma, can be made by the determination of AFP and hCG as tumor markers. Germinomas are radiosensitive but are equally as sensitive to chemotherapy. Teratomas of the CNS are mostly diagnosed in newborns and infants. The most decisive role in the treatment of teratomas is played by as complete a resection as possible. Chemotherapy and irradiation play a subordinate role.Embryonal tumors, which constitute approximately 15-20% of CNS tumors, include medulloblastomas, primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) of the CNS and the atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor of the CNS. Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor in childhood and adolescence. The incidence peak is the fifth year of life with a male predisposition in a ratio of 1.5:1. Medulloblastomas constitute 12-25% of all pediatric CNS tumors and 30-40% of pediatric tumors of the posterior cranial fossa. At the time of diagnosis evidence of dissemination in the CSF cavity is found in approximately 40% of patients. The extreme cell density makes medulloblastomas hyperdense in computed tomography (CT) and can therefore be differentiated from hypodense astrocytomas. The PNETs are histologically related to medulloblastomas, pineoblastomas, atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors and peripheral neuroblastomas. They are relatively rare in children constituting less than 5% of supratentorial neoplasms. Patients are mostly clinically conspicuous due to macrocephalus and signs of brain pressure and/or seizures. In native CT the solid components of PNETs show a hyperdensity compared to the surrounding brain parenchyma probably due to the high cell density. Cysts and calcification are often detectable. The survival rate of children with CNS tumors has continuously increased in recent years. When corresponding clinical symptoms appear, such as headache, nausea or vomiting when fasting, all of which are evidence of increased intracranial pressure, MRI should be carried out as quickly as possible. Children should be treated in centers with departments of pediatric oncology and hematology and within the framework of studies. PMID:25119569

Reith, W; Mühl-Benninghaus, R; Simgen, A; Yilmaz, U

2014-08-01

201

Invasive ductal adenocarcinoma arising from pancreatic heterotopia in rectum: case report and review of literature.  

PubMed

Pancreatic heterotopia has been described at several abdominal and intrathoracic locations, most commonly in the stomach and upper part of the small intestine. Its occurrence in the rectum is unusual, and malignant transformation in the rectum has not been reported. We report a case of ductal adenocarcinoma arising in a rectal pancreatic heterotopia in a 42-year-old woman with delayed local recurrence. The tumor was composed of well to moderately differentiated ductal adenocarcinoma infiltrating through the full thickness of the anorectal wall with extension into the vaginal septum. A focus of ectopic pancreas consisting of exocrine acini and small ducts adjacent to the tumor with some ducts showing mild to severe dysplasia reminiscent of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia was also observed. Although our literature search found 31 documented reports of tumors arising in the heterotopic pancreas, the present case is the first case of ductal adenocarcinoma arising in a focus of pancreatic heterotopia in the rectum. PMID:20869744

Goodarzi, Mahmoud; Rashid, Asif; Maru, Dipen

2010-12-01

202

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) presenting as a groin mass mimicking and incarcerated hernia  

PubMed Central

Introduction The contents of a hernial sac can harbor preperitoneal fat, epiploon or some hollow viscera, with a malignant lesion in its interior being an unusual finding. Presentation of case We present the case of a 59 year-old male who arrived in the Emergency Department with an irreducible inguinal hernia, with no local signs of vascular compromise. The diagnosis was made after examining the hernia sac, using an inguinal approach, showing evidence of a largely necrosed gelatinous mass, which was resected by mid-line infraumbilical laparotomy. The mass was diagnosed as a high risk gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Discussion GIST are characterized by the absence of symptoms in most cases. The unusual presentation, as incarcerated hernia, allowed the diagnosis of this disease. The tumor measured 6 cm with a mitotic index greater than 5/50 CGA tumor is classified as high risk. The finding of a thickened peritoneum proceeded to opening. The exploration of the sac is critical. Conclusions Exploring the hernia sac in any complicated hernia, especially when the sac has macroscopic alterations and presence of areas of bleeding inside is essential. PMID:25544483

Tinoco-González, José

2014-01-01

203

Primary lymphoma of the lacrimal sac: an EORTC ophthalmic oncology task force study  

PubMed Central

Aim To define the clinical and histopathological characteristics of primary lacrimal sac lymphoma in a predominantly white population. Methods Specimens of lacrimal sac lymphoma and follow up data were solicited from members of the Ophthalmic Oncology Task Force of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) and the European Ophthalmic Pathology Society (EOPS). Specimens were stained with haematoxylin and eosin and an immunohistochemical panel against leucocyte antigens was applied. Diagnosis was reached by consensus of five experienced pathologists according to the World Health Organization classification system. The histopathological findings were correlated with the clinical data. Results Of 15 primary lacrimal sac lymphomas, five (33%) were diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), five (33%) were extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma), three were classified as “transitional MALT lymphoma,” being in transition from MALT lymphoma to DLBCL, and two were unclassified B cell lymphomas. Nine of the patients were female, and the median age at the time of diagnosis was 71?years (range 45–95?years). The most frequent presenting symptoms were epiphora (85%), swelling in the region of the lacrimal sac (79%), and dacryocystitis (21%). All but one patient presented in stage I. Systemic spread occurred in three of nine patients (33%). The 5?year overall survival was 65%. Conclusions DLBCL and MALT lymphoma are equally common in the lacrimal sac in contrast with the remaining periorbital and/or orbital region where MALT lymphoma predominates. PMID:16672329

Sjö, L D; Ralfkiaer, E; Juhl, B R; Prause, J U; Kivelä, T; Auw?Haedrich, C; Bacin, F; Carrera, M; Coupland, S E; Delbosc, B; Ducrey, N; Kantelip, B; Kemeny, J L; Meyer, P; Sjö, N C; Heegaard, S

2006-01-01

204

A rare case report of squamous-cell carcinoma arising from mature cystic teratoma of ovary  

PubMed Central

The most frequent ovarian germ cell tumors are mature cystic teratomas (MCTs), composing 10–25% of all ovarian neoplasms. MCTs have the potential of undergoing malignant transformation, typically in postmenopausal women, with a frequency of 0.17–3%, with squamous cell carcinoma being the most common malignant tumor arising from MCT. We present the rare clinical entity of a squamous cell carcinoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma in a 56-year-old premenopausal woman as well as diagnostic and therapeutic route followed. PMID:25419592

KALAMPOKAS, E.; BOUTAS, I.; KAIRI-VASILATOU, E.; SALAKOS, N.; PANOULIS, K.; ARAVANTINOS, L.; DAMASKOS, C.; KALAMPOKAS, T.; DELIGEOROGLOU, E.

2014-01-01

205

Myoepithelial carcinoma arising in recurrent pleomorphic adenoma in maxillary sinus  

PubMed Central

Myoepithelial carcinoma is characterized by nearly exclusive myoepithelial differentiation and evidence of malignancy. It may arise de novo or in preexisting benign tumors including pleomorphic adenoma and benign myoepithelioma. A 39-year-old lady presented with painless progressive swelling on the right cheek and right side of palate. On surgery, there was a mass in right maxillary sinus which was surgically excised and diagnosed on histopathology as pleomorphic adenoma. Subsequently, there were two recurrences. The first recurrence was in the right maxilla after 2 years that was removed surgically and diagnosed as pleomorphic adenoma. One year later, she came with rapidly progressive swelling in bilateral cheeks and face. Intraoperatively, there was a large tumor in both maxillary sinuses with extensive local infiltration. Histologically, it was diagnosed as myoepithelial carcinoma. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma is usually a high grade malignancy. It occurs most commonly in parotid gland followed by submandibular glands, minor salivary glands and occasionally in sublingual gland. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of myoepithelial carcinoma arising in a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma in the maxillary sinus. PMID:24574666

Gupta, Ashumi; Manipadam, Marie Therese; Michael, Rajiv

2013-01-01

206

A complicated, metastatic, humeral air sac cystadenocarcinoma in a timneh African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh).  

PubMed

A 9-year-old male timneh African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh) was presented because of inability to fly and suspected trauma. The owner also had observed dyspnea, with tail bobbing and open-beak breathing. On clinical examination, a hard, painful mass was palpable in the left proximal humerus and axillary area. Radiographs revealed a radiodense soft tissue mass of the left humerus with no bony involvement, multifocal opacities in lung and air sacs, and an enlarged spleen. An asymmetric, vascularized cyst was detected in the mass by ultrasound examination. Results of biopsy of the mass revealed multifocal cysts composed of unilayer isoprismatic cells laying in vascularized connective tissue. Because of the severity of clinical signs and the poor clinical condition, the bird was euthanatized. On postmortem examination, the findings were air sac cystadenocarcinoma involving the humeral air sac with metastases in the spleen and kidneys, atherosclerosis, pneumoconiosis, and mycotic granulomatous pneumonia and airsacculitis with isolation of Aspergillus niger. PMID:23772455

Azmanis, Panagiotis; Stenkat, Julia; Hübel, Jens; Böhme, Julia; Krautwald-Junghanns, Maria Elisabeth; Schmidt, Volker

2013-03-01

207

Characterization and Comparison of Five SAC-based Solder Pastes for Pb-free Reflow Soldering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on literature review and industry survey, five types lead-free solder pastes, namely, SAC305 (96.5%Sn-3.0%Ag-0.5%Cu), SAC387 (95.5%Sn-3.8%Ag-0.7%Cu), SACS (96.2%Sn-2.5%Ag-0.8%Cu-0.5%Sb), SCN (99.3%Sn-0.7%Cu-0.05%Ni), and SACC (96.4%Sn-3.0%Ag-0.6%Cu-0.01%Ce) are studied in this paper. The basic properties of selected Pb-free solder pastes are tested based on IPC standards. These tests include solder paste particle size analysis, measurement of melting point, solder balling test, tack test

C. H. Chen; W. Wong; J. C. C. Lo; Fubin Song; S. W. R. Lee

2007-01-01

208

Deafness due to bilateral endolymphatic sac tumours in a case of von Hippel-Lindau syndrome.  

PubMed Central

A case of bilateral endolymphatic sac tumours is reported. In a patient with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, tumour growth in the right cerebellopontine angle caused deafness. The tumour was removed and classified as a metastasis from a thyroid carcinoma. However, on thyroidectomy no primary neoplasm could be found. Eight years later a similar tumour was operated on in the left petrosal bone. Histological appearance, immunocytochemical findings, and the clinical context gave evidence that the tumours had to be reclassified as endolymphatic sac tumours--extremely rare entities. The report supports the hypothesis, suggested by the few earlier case reports, that endolymphatic sac tumours could be one of the inherent tumour manifestations in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. Images PMID:8795608

Kempermann, G; Neumann, H P; Scheremet, R; Volk, B; Mann, W; Gilsbach, J; Laszig, R

1996-01-01

209

User's guide to SAC, a computer program for computing discharge by slope-area method  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This user's guide contains information on using the slope-area program, SAC. SAC can be used to compute peak flood discharges from measurements of high-water marks along a stream reach. The Slope-area method used by the program is the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) procedure presented in Techniques of Water Resources Investigations of the U.S. Geological Survey, beok 3, chapter A2, "Measurement of Peak Discharge by the Slope-Area Method." The program uses input files that have formats compatible with those used by the water-surface profile program (WSPRO) described in the Federal Highways Administration publication FHWA-IP-89-027. The guide briefly describes the slope-area method documents the input requirements and the output produced, and demonstrates use of SAC.

Fulford, Janice M.

1994-01-01

210

Vorinostat and Temozolomide in Treating Young Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Primary Brain Tumors or Spinal Cord Tumors  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor; Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor; Childhood Craniopharyngioma; Childhood Ependymoblastoma; Childhood Grade I Meningioma; Childhood Grade II Meningioma; Childhood Grade III Meningioma; Childhood High-grade Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Childhood High-grade Cerebral Astrocytoma; Childhood Infratentorial Ependymoma; Childhood Low-grade Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Childhood Low-grade Cerebral Astrocytoma; Childhood Medulloepithelioma; Childhood Mixed Glioma; Childhood Oligodendroglioma; Childhood Supratentorial Ependymoma; Extra-adrenal Paraganglioma; Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma; Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Pineoblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Spinal Cord Neoplasm; Recurrent Childhood Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma

2013-05-01

211

Adult Langerhans cells derive predominantly from embryonic fetal liver monocytes with a minor contribution of yolk sac–derived macrophages  

PubMed Central

Langerhans cells (LCs) are the dendritic cells (DCs) of the epidermis, forming one of the first hematopoietic lines of defense against skin pathogens. In contrast to other DCs, LCs arise from hematopoietic precursors that seed the skin before birth. However, the origin of these embryonic precursors remains unclear. Using in vivo lineage tracing, we identify a first wave of yolk sac (YS)–derived primitive myeloid progenitors that seed the skin before the onset of fetal liver hematopoiesis. YS progenitors migrate to the embryo proper, including the prospective skin, where they give rise to LC precursors, and the brain rudiment, where they give rise to microglial cells. However, in contrast to microglia, which remain of YS origin throughout life, YS-derived LC precursors are largely replaced by fetal liver monocytes during late embryogenesis. Consequently, adult LCs derive predominantly from fetal liver monocyte-derived cells with a minor contribution of YS-derived cells. Altogether, we establish that adult LCs have a dual origin, bridging early embryonic and late fetal myeloid development. PMID:22565823

Hoeffel, Guillaume; Wang, Yilin; Greter, Melanie; See, Peter; Teo, Pearline; Malleret, Benoit; Leboeuf, Marylène; Low, Donovan; Oller, Guillaume; Almeida, Francisca; Choy, Sharon H.Y.; Grisotto, Marcos; Renia, Laurent; Conway, Simon J.; Stanley, E. Richard; Chan, Jerry K.Y.; Ng, Lai Guan; Samokhvalov, Igor M.

2012-01-01

212

Apomictic embryo sac development in a diploid sorghum line and its derived polyploids  

E-print Network

APOMICTIC EMBRYO SAC DEVELOPMENT IN A DIPLOID SORGHUM LINE AND ITS DERIVED POLYPLOIDS A Thesis by EDDIE WAYNE STOVER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Plant Breeding APOMICTIC EMBRYO SAC DEVELOPMENT IN A DIPLOID SORGHUM LINE AND ITS DERIVED POLYPLOIDS A Thesis by EDDIE MAYNE STOVER Approved as to sty1e and content by: (Co-Chairman of Commit ee) P. c4...

Stover, Eddie Wayne

1980-01-01

213

Experimental demonstration of variable weight SAC-OCDMA system for QoS differentiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the experimental and simulation results of variable-weight spectral amplitude coding optical code division multiple access (VW-SAC-OCDMA) system is demonstrated. In the proposed system, three users with weights of 6, 4 and 2 each operating at data rate of 1.25 Gb/s represent video, data and voice services, respectively. Results show that for back-to-back system minimum average power of -20 dBm per chip is required to maintain the acceptable performance. Transmission up to 60 km of fiber is demonstrated. Using mathematical approximation the capacity of VW-SAC-OCDMA system is demonstrated.

Seyedzadeh, Saleh; Mahdiraji, Ghafour Amouzad; Sahbudin, Ratna Kalos Zakiah; Abas, Ahmad Fauzi; Anas, Siti Barirah Ahmad

2014-10-01

214

Automatic Segmentation of the Spinal Cord and the Dural Sac in Lumbar MR Images Using Gradient Vector Flow Field  

E-print Network

Automatic Segmentation of the Spinal Cord and the Dural Sac in Lumbar MR Images Using Gradient that extracts the spinal cord and the dural sac from T2- weighted sagittal magnetic resonance (MR) images Systems and be used daily for diagnostic examinations in many clinical settings [1]. The spinal cord

Buffalo, State University of New York

215

Application of the COSMO-SAC-BP Solvation Model to Predictions of Normal Boiling Temperatures for Environmentally Significant Substances  

E-print Network

Application of the COSMO-SAC-BP Solvation Model to Predictions of Normal Boiling Temperatures perturbation theory. This COSMO-SAC-BP model was previously validated to successfully correlate normal boiling, herbicides, insecticides, and drugs,. The average absolute deviation in the predicted boiling points

Goddard III, William A.

216

Oxaliplatin encapsulated in PEG-coated cationic liposomes induces significant tumor growth suppression via a dual-targeting approach in a murine solid tumor model  

Microsoft Academic Search

We recently designed a PEG-coated cationic liposome targeted to angiogenic vessels and showed, in a murine dorsal air sac model, potent anti-angiogenic activity of an oxaliplatin (l-OHP) formulation of this liposome. In the present study, we extended the l-OHP formulation to a murine tumor-xenograft model. Following three injections, l-OHP containing PEG-coated cationic liposomes showed substantial tumor growth suppression and increased

Amr S. Abu Lila; Shinji Kizuki; Yusuke Doi; Takuya Suzuki; Tatsuhiro Ishida; Hiroshi Kiwada

2009-01-01

217

Retroperitoneal lipoma arising from the urinary bladder  

PubMed Central

Retroperitoneal benign lipomas are extremely rare and represent about 2.9% of all primary retroperitoneal tumors. About 80% of the tumors in the retroperitoneal cavities are malignant neoplasms. We experienced a case of a retroperitoneal lipoma simulating an ovarian mature cystic teratoma. A diagnosis was correctly made by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to surgery, and a total tumorectomy was performed. The retroperitoneal lipoma was recognized to have arisen from the urinary bladder. Histological sections revealed a tumor consisting of typical adipose cells without atypia. These types of lipomas should be carefully followed-up because they often recur and undergo malignant transformations. PMID:21139884

Ukita, Shingo; Koshiyama, Masafumi; Ohnaka, Megumi; Miyagawa, Naoyuki; Yamanishi, Yukio; Nishimura, Fumitomo; Nagura, Michikazu; Kim, Tomoko; Hirose, Masaya; Shirase, Tomoyuki; Kobayashi, Hisato; Ozasa, Hiroshi

2009-01-01

218

Effects of granulation on organic acid metabolism and its relation to mineral elements in Citrus grandis juice sacs.  

PubMed

We investigated the effects of granulation on organic acid metabolism and its relation to mineral elements in 'Guanximiyou' pummelo (Citrus grandis) juice sacs. Granulated juice sacs had decreased concentrations of citrate and isocitrate, thus lowering juice sac acidity. By contrast, malate concentration was higher in granulated juice sacs than in normal ones. The reduction in citrate concentration might be caused by increased degradation, as indicated by enhanced aconitase activity, whilst the increase in malate concentration might be caused by increased biosynthesis, as indicated by enhanced phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC). Real time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis showed that the activities of most acid-metabolizing enzymes were regulated at the transcriptional level, whilst post-translational modifications might influence the PEPC activity. Granulation led to increased accumulation of mineral elements (especially phosphorus, magnesium, sulphur, zinc and copper) in juice sacs, which might be involved in the incidence of granulation in pummelo fruits. PMID:24128573

Wang, Xian-You; Wang, Ping; Qi, Yi-Ping; Zhou, Chen-Ping; Yang, Lin-Tong; Liao, Xin-Yan; Wang, Liu-Qing; Zhu, Dong-Huang; Chen, Li-Song

2014-02-15

219

Bone tumors: Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Second edition  

SciTech Connect

This book presents treatment modalities of all skeletal neoplasms with special emphasis on clinicopathologic correlations and differential diagnosis. This describes the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features, plus interdisciplinary approaches to treatment for each tumor type and also covers benign and malignant bone-forming and cartilage-forming tumors, tumors of connective tissue origin, tumors of histoiocytic or fibrohistiocytic origin, and tumors and tumor-like lesions of blood vessels arising in the skeletal system.

Huvos, A.G.

1987-01-01

220

Unique cell wall abnormalities in the putative phosphoinositide phosphatase mutant AtSAC9.  

PubMed

SAC9 is a putative phosphoinositide phosphatase in Arabidopsis thaliana involved in phosphoinositide signaling. sac9-1 plants have a constitutively stressed phenotype with shorter roots which notably accumulate phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and its hydrolysis product inositol trisphosphate. We investigated the primary roots of sac9-1 seedlings at the cytological and ultrastructural level to determine the structural basis for this altered growth. Despite the normal appearance of organelles and cytoplasmic elements, our studies reveal extreme abnormalities of cell wall and membrane structures in sac9-1 primary root cells, regardless of cell type, position within the meristematic area, and plane of section. Cell wall material was deposited locally and in a range of abnormal shapes, sometimes completely fragmenting the cell. Simple protuberances, broad flanges, diffuse patches, elaborate folds, irregular loops and other complex three-dimensional structures were found to extend randomly from the pre-existing cell wall. Abundant vesicles and excessive membrane material were associated with these irregular wall structures. We argue that a perturbed phosphoinositide metabolism most likely induces these observed abnormalities and hypothesize that a disorganized cytoskeleton and excessive membrane trafficking mediate the cell wall defects. PMID:21698459

Vollmer, Almut H; Youssef, Nabil N; DeWald, Daryll B

2011-11-01

221

Defective histone supply causes condensin-dependent chromatin alterations, SAC activation and chromosome decatenation impairment  

PubMed Central

The structural organization of chromosomes is essential for their correct function and dynamics during the cell cycle. The assembly of DNA into chromatin provides the substrate for topoisomerases and condensins, which introduce the different levels of superhelical torsion required for DNA metabolism. In particular, Top2 and condensin are directly involved in both the resolution of precatenanes that form during replication and the formation of the intramolecular loop that detects tension at the centromeric chromatin during chromosome biorientation. Here we show that histone depletion activates the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) and impairs sister chromatid decatenation, leading to chromosome mis-segregation and lethality in the absence of the SAC. We demonstrate that histone depletion impairs chromosome biorientation and activates the Aurora-dependent pathway, which detects tension problems at the kinetochore. Interestingly, SAC activation is suppressed by the absence of Top2 and Smc2, an essential component of condensin. Indeed, smc2-8 suppresses catenanes accumulation, mitotic arrest and growth defects induced by histone depletion at semi-permissive temperature. Remarkably, SAC activation by histone depletion is associated with condensin-mediated alterations of the centromeric chromatin. Therefore, our results reveal the importance of a precise interplay between histone supply and condensin/Top2 for pericentric chromatin structure, precatenanes resolution and centromere biorientation. PMID:25300489

Murillo-Pineda, Marina; Cabello-Lobato, María J.; Clemente-Ruiz, Marta; Monje-Casas, Fernando; Prado, Félix

2014-01-01

222

Probabilistic Basis for 2000 SAC Federal Emergency Management Agency Steel Moment Frame Guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a formal probabilistic framework for seismic design and assessment of structures and its application to steel moment-resisting frame buildings. This is the probabilistic basis for the 2000 SAC Federal Emergency Management Agency ~FEMA! steel moment frame guidelines. The framework is based on realizing a performance objective expressed as the probability of exceeding a specified performance level. Performance

C. Allin Cornell; Fatemeh Jalayer; Ronald O. Hamburger; Douglas A. Foutch

2002-01-01

223

Ventilation patterns of the songbird lung/air sac system during different behaviors.  

PubMed

Unidirectional, continuous airflow through the avian lung is achieved through an elaborate air sac system with a sequential, posterior to anterior ventilation pattern. This classical model was established through various approaches spanning passively ventilated systems to mass spectrometry analysis of tracer gas flow into various air sacs during spontaneous breathing in restrained ducks. Information on flow patterns in other bird taxa is missing, and these techniques do not permit direct tests of whether the basic flow pattern can change during different behaviors. Here we use thermistors implanted into various locations of the respiratory system to detect small pulses of tracer gas (helium) to reconstruct airflow patterns in quietly breathing and behaving (calling, wing flapping) songbirds (zebra finch and yellow-headed blackbird). The results illustrate that the basic pattern of airflow in these two species is largely consistent with the model. However, two notable differences emerged. First, some tracer gas arrived in the anterior set of air sacs during the inspiration during which it was inhaled, suggesting a more rapid throughput through the lung than previously assumed. Second, differences in ventilation between the two anterior air sacs emerged during calling and wing flapping, indicating that adjustments in the flow pattern occur during dynamic behaviors. It is unclear whether this modulation in ventilation pattern is passive or active. This technique for studying ventilation patterns during dynamic behaviors proves useful for establishing detailed timing of airflow and modulation of ventilation in the avian respiratory system. PMID:23788706

Mackelprang, Rebecca; Goller, Franz

2013-10-01

224

SAC 2005 -Santa Fe Sanitizing using Metadata in MetaXQuery  

E-print Network

SAC 2005 - Santa Fe Sanitizing using Metadata in MetaXQuery Hao Jin and Curtis Dyreson School of E Marigold Data scope metadata security user Joe time timestamp begin end 2 5 Metadata scope metadata time as of Time 3 x Security of Joe x Language is English List book authors in MetaXQuery · Metadata

Dyreson, Curtis

225

Copper sulfate toxicity to channel catfish fry: Yolk sac versus swim-up fry  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Channel catfish yolk-sac fry and swim-up fry from 5 separate spawns were exposed to dissolved copper sulfate (CuSO4) in a series of static toxicity experiments to observe age sensitivity in high and moderate alkalinity waters at 24 and 48 hrs at 23.1°C. The waters had total alkalinity and total har...

226

Ventilation patterns of the songbird lung/air sac system during different behaviors  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Unidirectional, continuous airflow through the avian lung is achieved through an elaborate air sac system with a sequential, posterior to anterior ventilation pattern. This classical model was established through various approaches spanning passively ventilated systems to mass spectrometry analysis of tracer gas flow into various air sacs during spontaneous breathing in restrained ducks. Information on flow patterns in other bird taxa is missing, and these techniques do not permit direct tests of whether the basic flow pattern can change during different behaviors. Here we use thermistors implanted into various locations of the respiratory system to detect small pulses of tracer gas (helium) to reconstruct airflow patterns in quietly breathing and behaving (calling, wing flapping) songbirds (zebra finch and yellow-headed blackbird). The results illustrate that the basic pattern of airflow in these two species is largely consistent with the model. However, two notable differences emerged. First, some tracer gas arrived in the anterior set of air sacs during the inspiration during which it was inhaled, suggesting a more rapid throughput through the lung than previously assumed. Second, differences in ventilation between the two anterior air sacs emerged during calling and wing flapping, indicating that adjustments in the flow pattern occur during dynamic behaviors. It is unclear whether this modulation in ventilation pattern is passive or active. This technique for studying ventilation patterns during dynamic behaviors proves useful for establishing detailed timing of airflow and modulation of ventilation in the avian respiratory system. PMID:23788706

Mackelprang, Rebecca; Goller, Franz

2013-01-01

227

Role of yolk sac endodermal cells with special reference to the fetal macrophage differentiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The morphological and functional char- acteristics of rat yolk sac endodermal cells, with particular reference to fetal macrophage (M4) dif- ferentiation, were studied in vivo and in vitro using DA rat embryos from 8 to 1 6 days of gestation. At a very early stage (day 5-6) of gestation, endodermal cells are derived from proximal endoderm as an essential and

Akira Yamashita

228

Cells of the connective tissue differentiate and migrate into pollen sacs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In angiosperms, archesporial cells in the anther primordium undergo meiosis to form haploid pollen, the sole occupants of anther sacs. Anther sacs are held together by a matrix of parenchyma cells, the connective tissue. Cells of the connective tissue are not known to differentiate. We report the differentiation of parenchyma cells in the connective tissue of two Gordonia species into pollen-like structures (described as pseudopollen), which migrate into the anther sacs before dehiscence. Pollen and pseudopollen were distinguishable by morphology and staining. Pollen were tricolpate to spherical while pseudopollen were less rigid and transparent with a ribbed surface. Both types were different in size, shape, staining and surface architecture. The ratio of the number of pseudopollen to pollen was 1:3. During ontogeny in the connective tissue, neither cell division nor tetrad formation was observed and hence pseudopollen were presumed to be diploid. Only normal pollen germinated on a germination medium. Fixed preparations in time seemed to indicate that pseudopollen migrate from the connective tissue into the anther sac.

Iqbal, M. C. M.; Wijesekara, Kolitha B.

2002-01-01

229

INCIDENCE AND MICROBIOLOGY OF UNABSORBED YOLK SACS (ATTACHED OR FREE FLOATING) IN COMMERICAL BROILERS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In the developing avian embryo, the main energy source is yolk. Towards the end of the incubation period, the remaining yolk sac is internalized into the abdominal cavity. At hatch, yolk comprises 20% of the chick’s body weight and provides the nutrients for growth. The yolk should be depleted an...

230

Appendiceal pus in a hernia sac simulating strangulated femoral hernia: a case report.  

PubMed

Acute appendicitis involving the hernia sac is infrequent but well-documented in medical literature. In most instances, it occurs within the right inguinal (Amyand's hernia) or right femoral hernia (de Garengeot hernia). The diagnosis is always mistaken for incarcerated groin hernia. During surgery, the appendix itself, either perforated or strangulated, is most commonly encountered within the hernia sac. In very rare occasions, only appendiceal pus is found in the hernia sac. In this paper, we report the case of a 90-year-old woman with acute appendicitis and a tender mass in the right groin. Typical findings of acute appendicitis by computed tomography (CT) and incarcerated femoral hernia with groin cellulitis misled us into preoperative diagnosis of strangulated femoral hernia. Acute phlegmonous inflammation of the incarcerated femoral hernia sac containing pus only and acute suppurative appendicitis were found intraoperatively. This case presents a rare complication of acute appendicitis and the first report of CT-documented appendiceal pus-contained femoral hernia. Knowledge of this rare condition is helpful in establishing preoperative diagnosis and patient management decisions. PMID:21556351

Hsiao, Tien-Fa; Chou, Yenn-Hwei

2011-01-01

231

Regulation of ascorbic acid metabolism by blue LED light irradiation in citrus juice sacs.  

PubMed

In the present study, the effects of red and blue LED lights on the accumulation of ascorbic acid (AsA) were investigated in the juice sacs of three citrus varieties, Satsuma mandarin, Valencia orange, and Lisbon lemon. The results showed that the blue LED light treatment effectively increased the AsA content in the juice sacs of the three citrus varieties, whereas the red LED light treatment did not. By increasing the blue LED light intensity, the juice sacs of the three citrus varieties accumulated more AsA. Moreover, continuous irradiation with blue LED light was more effective than pulsed irradiation for increasing the AsA content in the juice sacs of the three citrus varieties. Gene expression results showed that the modulation of AsA accumulation by blue LED light was highly regulated at the transcription level. The up-regulation of AsA biosynthetic genes (CitVTC1, CitVTC2, CitVTC4, and CitGLDH), AsA regeneration genes (CitMDAR1, CitMDAR2, and CitDHAR) and two GSH-producing genes (CitGR and CitchGR) contributed to these increases in the AsA content in the three citrus varieties. PMID:25711821

Zhang, Lancui; Ma, Gang; Yamawaki, Kazuki; Ikoma, Yoshinori; Matsumoto, Hikaru; Yoshioka, Terutaka; Ohta, Satoshi; Kato, Masaya

2015-04-01

232

Long-term fate of the aneurysmal sac after endoluminal exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Shrinkage of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is the hallmark of successful endoluminal treatment. Our goal was to prospectively assess the midterm to long-term shrinkage of the AAA sac after endovascular repair. Methods: A total of 123 patients with AAA underwent endoluminal treatment with the Ancure device at our institution between February 1996 and February 2000. At least a

Robert Y. Rhee; Mark K. Eskandari; Albert B. Zajko; Michel S. Makaroun

2000-01-01

233

Tissue-resident macrophages originate from yolk-sac-derived erythro-myeloid progenitors.  

PubMed

Most haematopoietic cells renew from adult haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), however, macrophages in adult tissues can self-maintain independently of HSCs. Progenitors with macrophage potential in vitro have been described in the yolk sac before emergence of HSCs, and fetal macrophages can develop independently of Myb, a transcription factor required for HSC, and can persist in adult tissues. Nevertheless, the origin of adult macrophages and the qualitative and quantitative contributions of HSC and putative non-HSC-derived progenitors are still unclear. Here we show in mice that the vast majority of adult tissue-resident macrophages in liver (Kupffer cells), brain (microglia), epidermis (Langerhans cells) and lung (alveolar macrophages) originate from a Tie2(+) (also known as Tek) cellular pathway generating Csf1r(+) erythro-myeloid progenitors (EMPs) distinct from HSCs. EMPs develop in the yolk sac at embryonic day (E) 8.5, migrate and colonize the nascent fetal liver before E10.5, and give rise to fetal erythrocytes, macrophages, granulocytes and monocytes until at least E16.5. Subsequently, HSC-derived cells replace erythrocytes, granulocytes and monocytes. Kupffer cells, microglia and Langerhans cells are only marginally replaced in one-year-old mice, whereas alveolar macrophages may be progressively replaced in ageing mice. Our fate-mapping experiments identify, in the fetal liver, a sequence of yolk sac EMP-derived and HSC-derived haematopoiesis, and identify yolk sac EMPs as a common origin for tissue macrophages. PMID:25470051

Gomez Perdiguero, Elisa; Klapproth, Kay; Schulz, Christian; Busch, Katrin; Azzoni, Emanuele; Crozet, Lucile; Garner, Hannah; Trouillet, Celine; de Bruijn, Marella F; Geissmann, Frederic; Rodewald, Hans-Reimer

2015-02-26

234

A revision of the endemic South African sac spider genus Lessertina Lawrence, 1942 (Araneae: Eutichuridae).  

PubMed

The endemic South African sac spider genus Lessertina Lawrence, 1942, previously known only from the type species (L. mutica Lawrence, 1942), is revised. Both sexes of L. mutica are redescribed and the species is recorded from the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo Provinces. A new species, L. capensis sp. nov., is described from the Eastern and Western Cape Provinces. PMID:25544208

Haddad, Charles R

2014-01-01

235

A case of clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the rectum treated by laparoscopic surgery  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Malignant transformation of intestinal endometriosis occurring in the extraovarian sites is extremely rare. We report a very rare case of clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the rectum. PRESENTATION OF CASE An 83-year-old woman was admitted with the complaint of hematochezia. Colonoscopy revealed a tumor around about half of the rectal circumference. Biopsy of the tumor revealed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. Low anterior resection was undergone laparoscopically under the diagnosis of rectal carcinoma. Histopathological examination revealed clear cell adenocarcinoma, invading the sub-serosa of the rectum, but no metastasis of the lymph nodes. Immunohistochemical staining showed strong positivity for cytokeratin 7, but no staining for cytokeratin 20 and CDX2. The tumor existed adjacent to the endometrial glands, which were stained positive for Estrogen receptor. Ultimately, the patient was diagnosed with clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis. Eighteen months after surgery, there are no signs of tumor recurrence. DISCUSSION Clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from intestinal endometriosis has been reported in 7 cases, including our case. Careful observation is required because the prognosis of endometriosis after malignant transformation remains poor. CONCLUSION We report a very rare case of clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the rectum treated by laparoscopic surgery. PMID:25460452

Okazawa, Yu; Takahashi, Rina; Mizukoshi, Kosuke; Takehara, Kazuhiro; Ishiyama, Shun; Sugimoto, Kiichi; Takahashi, Makoto; Kojima, Yutaka; Goto, Michitoshi; Okuzawa, Atsushi; Tomiki, Yuichi; Yao, Takashi; Sakamoto, Kazuhiro

2014-01-01

236

Could BRAF Mutations in Melanocytic Lesions Arise from DNA Damage Induced by Ultraviolet Radiation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although BRAF V600 mutations in melanocytic tumors are not UV-signature mutations, it is plausible that they could still arise from error-prone replication of UV-damaged DNA. We propose a mechanism for their origin, taking into consideration melanocytic-specific BRAF tandem mutations, nearby potential pyrimidine dimer sites, the properties of specialized DNA polymerases, and biological selection.

Nancy E Thomas; Marianne Berwick; Marila Cordeiro-Stone

2006-01-01

237

Female Urethral Adenocarcinoma Arising from Urethritis Glandularis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. Female urethral adenocarcinoma is extremely rare and more than one tissue of origin has been suggested other than the Skene's gland. Immunohistochemistry with cytokeratins (CK) 7 and 20 is used to define the origin of the tumor.Case report. A 72-year-old woman presented with a 2-cm polypoid tumor at the external urethral meatus and bleeding. Wide local excision and bilateral

Yik-Ming Chan; Danny Ka-Leung Cheng; Annie Nga-Yin Cheung; Hextan Yuen-Sheung Ngan; Ling-Chui Wong

2000-01-01

238

Penguin lungs and air sacs: implications for baroprotection, oxygen stores and buoyancy.  

PubMed

The anatomy and volume of the penguin respiratory system contribute significantly to pulmonary baroprotection, the body O2 store, buoyancy and hence the overall diving physiology of penguins. Therefore, three-dimensional reconstructions from computerized tomographic (CT) scans of live penguins were utilized to measure lung volumes, air sac volumes, tracheobronchial volumes and total body volumes at different inflation pressures in three species with different dive capacities [Adélie (Pygoscelis adeliae), king (Aptenodytes patagonicus) and emperor (A. forsteri) penguins]. Lung volumes scaled to body mass according to published avian allometrics. Air sac volumes at 30?cm H2O (2.94?kPa) inflation pressure, the assumed maximum volume possible prior to deep dives, were two to three times allometric air sac predictions and also two to three times previously determined end-of-dive total air volumes. Although it is unknown whether penguins inhale to such high volumes prior to dives, these values were supported by (a) body density/buoyancy calculations, (b) prior air volume measurements in free-diving ducks and (c) previous suggestions that penguins may exhale air prior to the final portions of deep dives. Based upon air capillary volumes, parabronchial volumes and tracheobronchial volumes estimated from the measured lung/airway volumes and the only available morphometry study of a penguin lung, the presumed maximum air sac volumes resulted in air sac volume to air capillary/parabronchial/tracheobronchial volume ratios that were not large enough to prevent barotrauma to the non-collapsing, rigid air capillaries during the deepest dives of all three species, and during many routine dives of king and emperor penguins. We conclude that volume reduction of airways and lung air spaces, via compression, constriction or blood engorgement, must occur to provide pulmonary baroprotection at depth. It is also possible that relative air capillary and parabronchial volumes are smaller in these deeper-diving species than in the spheniscid penguin of the morphometry study. If penguins do inhale to this maximum air sac volume prior to their deepest dives, the magnitude and distribution of the body O2 store would change considerably. In emperor penguins, total body O2 would increase by 75%, and the respiratory fraction would increase from 33% to 61%. We emphasize that the maximum pre-dive respiratory air volume is still unknown in penguins. However, even lesser increases in air sac volume prior to a dive would still significantly increase the O2 store. More refined evaluations of the respiratory O2 store and baroprotective mechanisms in penguins await further investigation of species-specific lung morphometry, start-of-dive air volumes and body buoyancy, and the possibility of air exhalation during dives. PMID:25740902

Ponganis, P J; St Leger, J; Scadeng, M

2015-03-01

239

Successful image-guided percutaneous embolization of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm sac due to type II endoleak after endovascular repair.  

PubMed

The rupture of an aneurysm sac secondary to endoleak type II after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is a rare occurrence, routinely corrected by open surgery. Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous embolization of the aneurysm sac is a safe, efficient, and minimally invasive treatment option. We present a case of an endoleak type II associated to aneurysm sac rupture successfully treated by CT-guided percutaneous embolization of the aneurysm sac. PMID:25463347

Wolosker, Nelson; Varella, Andrea Yasbek Monteiro; Teivelis, Marcelo Passos; Mendes, Cynthia de Almeida; Garcia, Rodrigo Gobbo; Pfeferman, Elcio

2015-02-01

240

Primitive Fitting Based on the Efficient multiBaySAC Algorithm  

PubMed Central

Although RANSAC is proven to be robust, the original RANSAC algorithm selects hypothesis sets at random, generating numerous iterations and high computational costs because many hypothesis sets are contaminated with outliers. This paper presents a conditional sampling method, multiBaySAC (Bayes SAmple Consensus), that fuses the BaySAC algorithm with candidate model parameters statistical testing for unorganized 3D point clouds to fit multiple primitives. This paper first presents a statistical testing algorithm for a candidate model parameter histogram to detect potential primitives. As the detected initial primitives were optimized using a parallel strategy rather than a sequential one, every data point in the multiBaySAC algorithm was assigned to multiple prior inlier probabilities for initial multiple primitives. Each prior inlier probability determined the probability that a point belongs to the corresponding primitive. We then implemented in parallel a conditional sampling method: BaySAC. With each iteration of the hypothesis testing process, hypothesis sets with the highest inlier probabilities were selected and verified for the existence of multiple primitives, revealing the fitting for multiple primitives. Moreover, the updated version of the initial probability was implemented based on a memorable form of Bayes’ Theorem, which describes the relationship between prior and posterior probabilities of a data point by determining whether the hypothesis set to which a data point belongs is correct. The proposed approach was tested using real and synthetic point clouds. The results show that the proposed multiBaySAC algorithm can achieve a high computational efficiency (averaging 34% higher than the efficiency of the sequential RANSAC method) and fitting accuracy (exhibiting good performance in the intersection of two primitives), whereas the sequential RANSAC framework clearly suffers from over- and under-segmentation problems. Future work will aim at further optimizing this strategy through its application to other problems such as multiple point cloud co-registration and multiple image matching. PMID:25781620

Kang, Zhizhong; Li, Zhen

2015-01-01

241

Mediastinal tumor  

MedlinePLUS

... is divided into three sections: Anterior (front) Middle Posterior (back) Mediastinal tumors are rare. The most common ... In children, tumors are more common in the posterior mediastinum. These tumors often begin in the nerves ...

242

Spinal tumor  

MedlinePLUS

Tumor - spinal cord ... spinal tumors occur in the nerves of the spinal cord itself. Most often these are ependymomas and other ... genetic defects. Spinal tumors can occur: Inside the spinal cord (intramedullary) In the membranes (meninges) covering the spinal ...

243

Wilms' Tumor  

MedlinePLUS

Wilms' tumor is a rare type of kidney cancer. It causes a tumor on one or both kidneys. It usually affects ... are at risk should be screened for Wilms' tumor every three months until they turn eight. Symptoms ...

244

Endometrial carcinoma arising in a bicornuate uterus  

PubMed Central

Endometrial carcinomas arising in a bicornuate uterus are rare, only five case of which have been previously reported. We present a case of endometrial cancer arising in a bicornuate uterus, occurring in a 65-year-old woman. Unlike previously reported cases, our case showed mixed endometrial adenocarcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma in one horn and focal adenocarcinoma in the other. Adequate tissue sampling of both horns is necessary for accurate diagnosis of malignancy in patients with a bicornuate uterus. Physicians should be aware of the possibility of this abnormality in cases when endometrial cancer is suspected but histology fails to confirm. PMID:25264532

Munkhdelger, Jijgee; Mia-Jan, Khalilullah; Cha, Dong Soo

2014-01-01

245

Squamous cell carcinoma arising in CHILD syndrome.  

PubMed

Congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform naevus and limb defects (CHILD) syndrome is a rare X-linked dominant disorder. The first case of squamous cell carcinoma arising within the affected ichthyosiform skin in a 33-year-old woman is reported. PMID:16503894

Jacyk, W K; La Cock, A

2006-03-01

246

Quadratic Optimization Problems Arising in Computer Vision  

E-print Network

Quadratic Optimization Problems Arising in Computer Vision Jean Gallier Special Thanks to Jianbo a fundamental problem. Unfortunately, I proved Jean Gallier (Upenn) Quadratic Optimization Problems March 23. Jean Gallier (Upenn) Quadratic Optimization Problems March 23, 2011 2 / 61 #12;Perverse Cohomology

Gallier, Jean

247

Quadratic Optimization Problems Arising in Computer Vision  

E-print Network

Quadratic Optimization Problems Arising in Computer Vision Jean Gallier Special Thanks to Jianbo a fundamental problem. Unfortunately, I proved Jean Gallier (Upenn) Quadratic Optimization Problems March 23. Jean Gallier (Upenn) Quadratic Optimization Problems March 23, 2011 2 / 78 #12;Perverse Cohomology

Gallier, Jean

248

ARISE: American renaissance in science education  

SciTech Connect

The national standards and state derivatives must be reinforced by models of curricular reform. In this paper, ARISE presents one model based on a set of principles--coherence, integration of the sciences, movement from concrete ideas to abstract ones, inquiry, connection and application, sequencing that is responsive to how people learn.

NONE

1998-09-14

249

Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a meningomyelocele.  

PubMed Central

Squamous cell carcinoma developed in the meningomyelocele of a 25-year-old man. This is the third such case reported. The possibility of malignant disease arising in this congenital defect must be taken into account when treatment is being considered. Images FIG. 1 FIG. 2 FIG. 3 PMID:709475

Saksun, J. M.; Fisher, B. K.

1978-01-01

250

Rhabdoid tumor predisposition syndrome.  

PubMed

Rhabdoid tumors (RT), or malignant rhabdoid tumors, are among the most aggressive and lethal forms of human cancer. They can arise in any location in the body but are most commonly observed in the brain, where they are called atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT), and in the kidneys, where they are called rhabdoid tumors of the kidney. The vast majority of rhabdoid tumors present with a loss of function in the SMARCB1 gene, also known as INI1, BAF47, and hSNF5, a core member of the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex. Recently, mutations in a 2nd locus of the SWI/SNF complex, the SMARCA4 gene, also known as BRG1, were found in rhabdoid tumors with retention of SMARCB1 expression. Familial cases may occur in a condition known as rhabdoid tumor predisposition syndrome (RTPS). In RTPS, germline inactivation of 1 allele of a gene occurs. When the mutation occurs in the SMARCB1 gene, the syndrome is called RTPS1, and when the mutation occurs in the SMARCA4 gene it is called RTPS2. Children presenting with RTPS tend to develop tumors at a younger age, but the impact that germline mutation has on survival remains unclear. Adults who carry the mutation tend to develop multiple schwannomas. The diagnosis of RTPS should be considered in patients with RT, especially if they have multiple primary tumors, and/or in individuals with a family history of RT. Because germline mutations result in an increased risk of carriers developing RT, genetic counseling for families with this condition is recommended. PMID:25494491

Sredni, Simone T; Tomita, Tadanori

2015-01-01

251

A case of carotid body tumor concomitant with carcinoid tumor.  

PubMed

Neuroendocrine tumors typically fall into two broad categories: those of epithelial origin and those of neural derivation. The former group includes carcinoid tumors and the latter includes paraganglioma. Although paraganglioma and carcinoid tumor have different biologic behaviors, their overlapping histological appearance can pose diagnostic challenges. Carcinoid tumors are rare, slow-growing neuroendocrine tumors arising from the enterochromaffin cells disseminated throughout the gastrointestinal and bronchopulmonary systems. Carotid body tumor is the most common type of extra-adrenal paraganglioma. Paraganglioma tends to grow slowly but can compress adjacent vessel and nerve. A 63-year-old woman showed huge mass extending from carotid body to skull base, encircling internal and external carotid arteries on magnetic resonance image. Surgical removal of carotid body tumor was done after embolization procedure. Postoperative histopathologic examination and immunohistochemical analysis were consistent with paraganglioma concomitant with carcinoid tumor in carotid body. Primary cervical carcinoid tumor is extremely rare, and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of concomitant existence of paraganglioma and carcinoid tumor in carotid body. PMID:25199739

Mun, Mi Jin; Lee, Jin Choon; Lee, Byung Joo

2015-02-01

252

Extramedullary plasmacytoma arising from the lacrimal gland.  

PubMed

An 80-year-old man presented with an 8-week history of painless swelling in the right lacrimal gland region with infero-medial dystopia of the globe. The lesion was excised and histology confirmed an orbital plasmacytoma. Multiple myeloma screening was negative and a solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma arising from the lacrimal gland was diagnosed. The patient was subsequently treated with radiotherapy. PMID:20653691

Sia, David I T; Cannon, Paul S; Selva, Dinesh

2010-12-01

253

Transvaginal ultrasonographic quantitative assessment of accumulated cul-de-sac fluid.  

PubMed

Preoperative quantitative assessment of pelvic fluid is an important diagnostic tool in clinical decision making. In this study, we used high-frequency transvaginal ultrasonography in 10 healthy women to assess both the correlation between various amounts of fluid installed in the cul-de-sac and ultrasonic imaging and to determine whether correct estimation of fluid volume can be reached. No fluid could be ultrasonically detected when the volume was less than 35 to 40 ml. Between 35 and 100 ml there was a clear image of accumulated fluid in the cul-de-sac with good correlation between volume and image, whereas with larger amounts no clear correlation between the amount of fluid introduced and size of fluid area visualized by ultrasonography was possible. Transvaginal ultrasonography may enable quantitative evaluation of certain volumes of pelvic fluid, although amounts less than 35 ml cannot be visualized. PMID:1536225

Rosen, D J; Ben-Nun, I; Arbel, Y; Altaras, M M; Goldberger, S B; Beyth, Y

1992-02-01

254

Surgical experience of persistent type 2 endoleaks with aneurysmal sac enlargement after endovascular aneurysm repair.  

PubMed

Herein, we present a case of a successful treatment of persistent type 2 endoleaks associated with aneurysmal sac enlargement after endovascular aneurysm repair in an elderly patient. We confirmed the diagnosis by abdominal computed tomography and selective angiography revealing an 11.0-cm aneurysm sac with type 2 endoleaks. An attempt for the endovascular embolization of collateral arteries was unsuccessful due to anatomic variations and their multiple complex communications. Instead, transperitoneal sacotomy and direct suturing on the feeding target vessels was successfully performed without any endograft damage. In conclusion, sacotomy appears to be a feasible therapeutic substitute where endovascular or other techniques have a high risk of failure and lead to unsuccessful results. PMID:24782972

Bang, Seung Ho; Park, Jae Bum; Chee, Hyun Keun; Kim, Jun Seok; Jang, Il Soo

2014-04-01

255

Lacrimal sac compression by an anterior ethmoidal mucocele presenting as a late complication of dacryocystorhinostomy  

PubMed Central

This was an unusual case of lacrimal sac compression by an anterior ethmoidal mucocele presenting as a late complication of a dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) that was jointly managed by ophthalmic and ENT surgeons via an endoscopic approach. A 22-year-old lady presented with a 12-month history of a painless lump in her left medial canthus area and a 6-month history of left intermittent epiphora. She had a DCR when she was 15 years old with initial symptom control until recent recurrence. There were no nasal or other eye symptoms. The rest of the eye and nasendoscopic examinations were unremarkable. An MRI scan suggested a dacryocystocele; however, a further CT scan revealed a 1.6 cm cystic lesion consistent with an anterior ethmoidal mucocele compressing the lacrimal sac. An endoscopic left anterior ethmoidectomy with marsupialisation of the mucocele was performed in combination with an endoscopic DCR. She made good post-operative recovery. PMID:24964413

Olaleye, Oladejo; Salleh, Shizalia; David, Don; Bickerton, Richard

2013-01-01

256

Papillary neoplasm of the endolymphatic sac in a patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease.  

PubMed Central

Glandular tumours involving the middle ear and the mastoid are rare, and distinguishing between adenoma and adenocarcinoma is difficult. Two distinct histopathological patterns are accepted. While their clinical presentation differs, both require primary surgical treatment and both have a high rate of local recurrence. The papillary form takes a more aggressive course and wider regional spread. This pattern occurs predominantly in women. Its microscopic appearance and clinical course have been extensively described by Heffner who considered it as "low-grade adenocarcinoma of probable endolymphatic sac origin". A few cases have been associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease. The case of a 32 year old black woman is described. It is suggested that papillary adenocarcinoma of the endolymphatic sac should be considered in the spectrum of neoplasms seen in von Hippel-Lindau disease. Images PMID:7962613

Delisle, M B; Uro, E; Rouquette, I; Yardeni, E; Rumeau, J L

1994-01-01

257

Inflamed vermiform appendix within the sac of incarcerated left inguinal hernia.  

PubMed

A 54-year-old male complained of a continuous pain together with an irreducible swelling of the left inguinal region 8 hours prior to admission to the surgical emergency department. His physical examination revealed a very painful, erythematous, irreducible swelling in the left inguinal region without abdominal peritoneal irritation. Routine blood tests disclosed mild leukocytosis. Abdominal plain X-ray film was not specific, and ultrasonography revealed a 10 cm in length inactive, edematous intestinal section within the inguinal hernia. With the diagnosis of strangulated inguinal hernia, he underwent surgical exploration through a transverse inguinal incision. By opening the hernia sac, 6-8 cc inflammatory fluid drained out, and an inflamed vermiform appendix adhered to the inner surface of the sac was seen. Appendicectomy and primary hernia repair were performed at the same time through the inguinal incision. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the histological examination of the specimen revealed an inflamed appendix. PMID:22090338

Turanl?, Sevim; Yüksel, Murat Ulvi; Pirhan, Yavuz; Çetin, Abdullah

2011-09-01

258

Molecular markers of yolk sac fry development in nine families of lake trout.  

PubMed

Salmonids in certain areas of North America and northern Europe suffer from reproductive disturbances manifested through the death of yolk sac fry. These disturbances are referred to as early mortality syndrome (EMS) in the Great Lakes region and M74 in the Baltic Sea. Both of these syndromes have been associated with reduced concentrations of thiamine in affected females and their eggs. However, large variations in signs and mortality, both within and between the individual syndromes, have been reported. Yolk sac fry mortality (M74) in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar has been shown to be associated with reduced DNA binding of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1 (HIF-1), reduced production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein, decreased capillary density, and down-regulation of adult-type globin gene transcription (which is responsible for the protein part of adult hemoglobin). One of the main effects of all of these changes is reduced oxygen transport to the tissues of affected fry. In this study, the developmental patterns of HIF-1 DNA binding, VEGF protein expression, and adult-type globin gene transcription were analyzed in nine family groups of Lake Michigan lake trout Salvelinus namaycush. The results indicate that HIF-1 DNA binding and globin gene transcription increase from hatch to the end of yolk sac stage. Interindividual and between-family biological variations were detected, especially in VEGF protein expression and globin gene transcription. Our results demonstrate the possibility of using these molecular markers in investigating the etiology of EMS and making comparisons between the mechanisms of different salmonid yolk sac fry mortalities. PMID:20218502

Vuori, Kristiina A; Paavilainen, Tiia; Nikinmaa, Mikko; Czesny, Sergiusz; Rinchard, Jacques

2009-12-01

259

Mitomycin C in the treatment of a Schneiderian (inverted) papilloma of the lacrimal sac.  

PubMed

Schneiderian papillomas are benign tumours, with an aggressive nature. A case with a recurrent Schneiderian papilloma of the nasolacrimal sac, who underwent an external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with irrigation of the nasolacrimal system with 0.02% mitomycin C (MMC), is presented at 18 months follow-up. External DCR using MMC, as an adjuvant therapy, is a novel approach to the treatment of Schneiderian papilloma of the nasolacrimal tract. It allows preservation of function, compared with the conventional treatment of dacryocystectomy. PMID:19629401

Woodcock, Malcolm; Mollan, Susan P; Harrison, Dale; Taylor, Deryck; Lecuona, Karin

2010-06-01

260

An investigation of temperature influence on the SAC305 soldering on Cu-Ni-Au substrate  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper, the intermetallic compound (IMC) thickness as a function of annealing temperature has been carefully investigated. It is observed that the IMC ingredients along the Sn3.5Ag0.5Cu (SAC305) solder on the Cu-Ni-Ag substrate are (Ni, Cu)3Sn4 and (Cu, Ni)6Sn5 after IR-reflow process. Based on the measurement of IMC thickness and ball shear force, the following conclusions have been

Hsiang-Chen Hsu; Yu-Ming Wan; Chi-Hau Haung; Shen-Li Fu

2011-01-01

261

Reduction of lead free solder aging effects using doped SAC alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The microstructure, mechanical response, and failure behavior of lead free solder joints in electronic assemblies are constantly evolving when exposed to isothermal aging and\\/or thermal cycling environments. In our prior work on aging effects, we have demonstrated that large degradations occur in the material properties (stiffness and strength) and creep behavior of Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC) lead free solders during aging. These

Zijie Cai; Yifei Zhang; Jeffrey C. Suhling; Pradeep Lall; R. Wayne Johnson; Michael J. Bozack

2010-01-01

262

RELIABILITY TESTING OF Ni-MODIFIED SnCu AND SAC305 - ACCELERATED THERMAL CYCLING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in alternate lead free solder alloys has initiated a life prediction study of SN100C. This paper outlines the results of the thermal cycling portion of the testing and demonstrates that its robustness under accelerated life testing is somewhere between that of SnPb and SAC305 with its performance being dependent on the amount of strain to which it is subjected

Joelle Arnold; Nathan Blattau; Craig Hillman; Keith Sweatman

263

Morphology and growth mechanisms of SAC305-xNi\\/pad joints intermetallic compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation and growth of intermetallic compounds (IMC) is a key factor to the reliability of soldering joints in modern electronic mounting and packaging industry. In this paper, by means of Olympus, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis methods, the morphology and growth mechanisms of IMCs between SAC305-xNi and Cu joint during soldering as well as

Lifeng Wang; Jia Wang; Xue Liu; Xiaojing Liu

2010-01-01

264

The influence of aging on the stress-strain and creep behavior of SAC solder alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The microstructure, mechanical response, and failure behavior of lead free solder joints in electronic assemblies are constantly evolving when exposed to isothermal aging and\\/or thermal cycling environments. In our prior work on aging effects, we have demonstrated that the observed material behavior variations of Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC) lead free solders during room temperature aging (25°C) and elevated temperature aging (125°C) were

Yifei Zhang; Zijie Cai; Muhannad Mustafa; Jeffrey C. Suhling; Pradeep Lall; Michael J. Bozack

2010-01-01

265

The effects of SAC alloy composition on aging resistance and reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The microstructure, mechanical response, and failure behavior of lead free solder joints in electronic assemblies are constantly evolving when exposed to isothermal aging and\\/or thermal cycling environments. In our prior work on aging effects, we have demonstrated that the observed material behavior variations of Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC) lead free solders during room temperature aging (25degC) and elevated temperature aging (125degC) were

Yifei Zhang; Zijie Cai; Jeffrey C. Suhling; Pradeep Lall; Michael J. Bozack

2009-01-01

266

AUTORADIOGRAPHIC STUDY OF SUGAR AND AMINO ACID ABSORPTION BY EVERTED SACS OF HAMSTER INTESTINE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autoradiographs were prepared from frozen sections of evcrted sacs of hamster jejunum which had been incubated in vitro with C 14- or H~-labcled sugars and amino acids. When such tissue was incubated in 1 mM solutions of L-valine or L-methionine, columnar absorp- tivc cells at tips of villi accumulated these amino acids to conccntrations ranging from 5 to 50 millimoles

WILLIAM B. KINTER; T. HASTINGS WILSON

1965-01-01

267

MRI of enlarged endolymphatic sacs in the large vestibular aqueduct syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied ten inner ears of five patients with a bilateral large vestibular aqueduct syndrome, using CT and MRI. Although\\u000a the large vestibular aqueduct varied in size, a markedly dilated endolymphatic sac extending to the sigmoid sinus was demonstrated\\u000a bilaterally on MRI in all patients. The cause of hearing loss in this syndrome is unclear. However, it is suggested that

K. Okamoto; J. Ito; T. Furusawa; K. Sakai; S. Horikawa; S. Tokiguchi

1998-01-01

268

Volatile constituents of dog ( Canis familiaris ) and coyote ( Canis latrans ) anal sacs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The volatile organic compounds from the anal sac secretions of male and female dogs and coyotes were examined using gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Short chain (C2–C6) acids and trimethylamine were major constituents. Changes in the type and abundance of the volatiles were examined across state of estrus, species, and gender. No consistent difference in the pattern of volatiles

George Preti; Earl L. Muetterties; Joseph M. Furman; James J. Kennelly; Bradford E. Johns

1976-01-01

269

KNApSAcK Metabolite Activity Database for retrieving the relationships between metabolites and biological activities.  

PubMed

Databases (DBs) are required by various omics fields because the volume of molecular biology data is increasing rapidly. In this study, we provide instructions for users and describe the current status of our metabolite activity DB. To facilitate a comprehensive understanding of the interactions between the metabolites of organisms and the chemical-level contribution of metabolites to human health, we constructed a metabolite activity DB known as the KNApSAcK Metabolite Activity DB. It comprises 9,584 triplet relationships (metabolite-biological activity-target species), including 2,356 metabolites, 140 activity categories, 2,963 specific descriptions of biological activities and 778 target species. Approximately 46% of the activities described in the DB are related to chemical ecology, most of which are attributed to antimicrobial agents and plant growth regulators. The majority of the metabolites with antimicrobial activities are flavonoids and phenylpropanoids. The metabolites with plant growth regulatory effects include plant hormones. Over half of the DB contents are related to human health care and medicine. The five largest groups are toxins, anticancer agents, nervous system agents, cardiovascular agents and non-therapeutic agents, such as flavors and fragrances. The KNApSAcK Metabolite Activity DB is integrated within the KNApSAcK Family DBs to facilitate further systematized research in various omics fields, especially metabolomics, nutrigenomics and foodomics. The KNApSAcK Metabolite Activity DB could also be utilized for developing novel drugs and materials, as well as for identifying viable drug resources and other useful compounds. PMID:24285751

Nakamura, Yukiko; Afendi, Farit Mochamad; Parvin, Aziza Kawsar; Ono, Naoaki; Tanaka, Ken; Hirai Morita, Aki; Sato, Tetsuo; Sugiura, Tadao; Altaf-Ul-Amin, Md; Kanaya, Shigehiko

2014-01-01

270

Molecular detection and drought resistance analysis of Sac B-transgenic poplars ( Populus alba × P. glandulosa )  

Microsoft Academic Search

The propagation of drought-resistant transgenic poplars is one of the more effective ways to improve the ecological state\\u000a of arid regions. The expression of SacB gene in transgenic lines of Populus alba × P. glandulosa was analyzed by a semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Drought resistance of these transgenic lines was evaluated by water stress trials\\u000a in a greenhouse. Results showed that the

Yiliang Li; Xiaohua Su; Bingyu Zhang; Zhiyi Zhang

2008-01-01

271

Relining technique for continuous sac enlargement and modular disconnection secondary to endotension after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.  

PubMed

Endotension is an unpredictable late complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). This case report will discuss the successful treatment of enlarged aneurysmal sac due to endotension using the relining technique. An 81-year-old male complained of nondecreasing huge aneurysm sac. He had undergone EVAR for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm 7 years prior and no endoleak was found through follow-up. Initially computed tomography-guided sac aspiration was tried, but in vain, Relining using the double barrel technique and tubular endograft for modular diconnection, which was unexpectedly found in the original endograft, were performed sucessfully. During follow-up after the relining procedure, the size of aneurysm sac continued to decrease in size. The relining technique is effective mothod for treating endotension. PMID:24761425

Lee, Moon Il; Shin, Woo Young; Choe, Yun Mee; Park, Jae Young; Kim, Jang Yong; Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Kee Chun

2014-03-01

272

Relining technique for continuous sac enlargement and modular disconnection secondary to endotension after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair  

PubMed Central

Endotension is an unpredictable late complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). This case report will discuss the successful treatment of enlarged aneurysmal sac due to endotension using the relining technique. An 81-year-old male complained of nondecreasing huge aneurysm sac. He had undergone EVAR for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm 7 years prior and no endoleak was found through follow-up. Initially computed tomography-guided sac aspiration was tried, but in vain, Relining using the double barrel technique and tubular endograft for modular diconnection, which was unexpectedly found in the original endograft, were performed sucessfully. During follow-up after the relining procedure, the size of aneurysm sac continued to decrease in size. The relining technique is effective mothod for treating endotension. PMID:24761425

Lee, Moon Il; Shin, Woo Young; Choe, Yun Mee; Park, Jae Young; Kim, Jang Yong; Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu

2014-01-01

273

Pathological, immunohistochemical and microbiologicalal analysis of lacrimal sac biopsies in patients with chronic dacrocystitis  

PubMed Central

AIM To analyze cases of obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct which creates a fertile environment for secondary bacterial infection and can result in dacryocystitis, which is a constant threat to cornea and orbital soft tissue and a potential source of endophthalmitis following intraocular surgery. The majority of obstructions of the lacrimal excretory outflow system are acquired ones occurring in adulthood and involving the distal parts of the system. Acquired obstruction may be primary/idiopathic or secondary to a wide variety of infectious, inflammatory, traumatic, mechanical, toxic or neoplastic causes mimicking idiopathic inflammation. These cases are treated by dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). METHODS The present study was conducted to determine the histopathologic, immunohistochemical and current microbiologic characteristics of lacrimal sac specimens in patients undergoing external dacryocystorhinostomy. RESULTS Non-specific lacrimal sac pathology was present in all 33 cases and 81.8% of the cases showed moderate chronic inflammation with a chronic inflammatory score (CIS) ranging between 4 and 6, whereas 12.12% showed severe inflammatory changes with a CIS of 7. Mild degree of inflammation was seen in 6.06% with a CIS of 3. The total prevalence of gram-positive, gram-negative, and culture-negative samples were 59.4%, 37.5%, and 3% respectively. CONCLUSION Non-specific chronic inflammation with fibrosis is indeed the most commonly reported histopathological finding in lacrimal sac wall biopsy specimens. PMID:24392331

Amin, Rowayda Mahmoud; Hussein, Faten Aly; Idriss, Hisham Farouk; Hanafy, Nesrine Fathy; Abdallah, Dina Mohamed

2013-01-01

274

Evaluation of Refractivity Profiles From Champ and SAC-C GPS Radio Occultation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CHAMP and SAC-C missions are the first missions to carry a second-generation 'Blackjack' GPS receiver. One of the new features of this receiver is its ability to sense the lower troposphere closer to the surface than the proof-of-concept GPS/MET 1995 experiment. Since their launch, CHAMP and SAC-C have collected thousands of GPS radio occultations, representing a wealth of measurements available for data assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models. In order to evaluate the refractivity data derived by JPL from raw radio occultation measurements, we use Data Assimilation Office (DAO) shout forecasts as an independent state of the atmosphere. We compare CHAMP and SAC-C refractivity (processed by JPL) with refractivity calculated from the DAO global fields of temperature, water vapor content and humidity. We will show statistics of the differences as well as Probability Density Functions (PDFs) of the differences. Depending upon availability of AIRS data, we plan to show individual profile comparisons between GPS radio occultation and AIRS retrievals.

Poli, Paul; Joiner, Joanna; delaTorreJuarez, Manuel; Hoff, Raymond M.; Atlas, Robert (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

275

Evaluation of Refractivity Profiles from CHAMP and SAC-C GPS Radio Occultation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CHAMP and SAC-C missions are the first missions to carry a second-generation 'Blackjack' GPS receiver. One of the new features of this receiver is its ability to sense the lower troposphere closer to the surface than the proof-of-concept GPS/MET 1995 experiment. Since their launch, CHAMP and SAC-C have collected thousands of GPS radio occultations, representing a wealth of measurements available for data assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models. In order to evaluate the refractivity data derived by JPL from raw radio occultation measurements, we use Data Assimilation Office (DAO) 6-hour forecasts as an independent state of the atmosphere. We compare CHAMP and SAC-C refractivity (processed by JPL) with refractivity calculated from the DAO global fields of temperature, water vapor content and humidity. We will show statistics of the differences as well as Probability Density Functions (PDFs) of the differences. Depending upon availability of AIRS data, we plan to show individual profile comparisons between GPS radio occultation and AIRS retrievals.

Poli, Paul; Joiner, Joanna; delaTorreJuarez, Manuel; Hoff, Raymond M.; Atlas, Robert (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

276

Evaluation of Refractivity Profiles from CHAMP and SAC-C GPS Radio Occultation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The GeoForschungsZentrum's Challenging Minisatellite Payload for Geophysical Research and Application (CHAMP, Germany-US) and the Comision Nacional de Actividades Especiales' Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-C (SAC-C, Argentina-US) missions are the first missions to carry a second-generation Blackjack Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver. One of the new features of this receiver is its ability to sense the lower troposphere closer to the surface than the proof-of-concept GPS Meteorology experiment (GPS/MET). Since their launch, CHAMP and SAC-C have collected thousands of GPS radio occultations, representing a wealth of measurements available for data assimilation and Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP). In order to evaluate the refractivity data derived by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) from raw radio occultation measurements, we use Data Assimilation Office (DAO) 6-hour forecasts as an independent state of the atmosphere. We compare CHAMP and SAC-C refractivity (processed by JPL) with refractivity calculated from the DAO global fields of temperature, water vapor content and humidity. We show statistics of the differences as well as histograms of the differences.

Poli, Paul; Ao, Chi On; Joiner, Joanna; delaTorreJuarez, Manuel; Hoff, Raymond

2002-01-01

277

Adenocarcinoma Arising from Sacrococcygeal Mature Teratoma in an Adult Female: Report of a Case  

PubMed Central

We report a case of adenocarcinoma arising from a sacrococcygeal mature teratoma in an adult female. A 62-year-old female was diagnosed with a presacral tumor 10?years ago. Pelvic computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a presacral heterogeneous tumor, containing multiloculated cystic area and enhanced solid component with calcification. Percutaneous needle biopsy for the solid component of the tumor identified an adenocarcinoma and the patient was diagnosed as having a sacrococcygeal teratoma with malignant transformation. Abdomino-sacral rectal resection with sacral amputation at the upper edge of the S5 was performed. The pathological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma derived from a mature teratoma. The tumor cells had infiltrated the rectal wall. After 7?months, a follow-up CT demonstrated swelling of the right inguinal lymph nodes and a right inguinal lymphadenectomy was performed. Pathological examination showed metastatic lymph nodes. The patient is doing well 21?months after the second surgery, with no signs of recurrence. PMID:24904830

Matsumoto, Naoki; Uehara, Keisuke; Ando, Masataka; Arimoto, Junki; Kato, Takehiro; Nakamura, Hayato; Ebata, Tomoki; Yokoyama, Yukihiro; Nagino, Masato

2014-01-01

278

Tanycytic ependymoma arising from the right lateral ventricle: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

A 38-year-old man presented with a year-long history of worsening headache. Neuroradiological findings showed that a solid cystic mass occupied the right lateral ventricle. Histologically, the tumor composed of nuclear dense zones consisting of a cluster of spindle cells and fibrillary zones consisting of streaming of cell processes. The tumor cells showed the characteristics of monopolar or bipolar processes. Some tumor cell processes extended to the vessel wall and formed ill-defined perivascular rosettes. No mitoses or necrosis were found. The cells presented positive for GFAP, S-100 protein, vimentin, Nestin and neurofilament, and dotlike positive for epithelial membrane antigen, but negative for Syn and NeuN. Four cases of tanycytic ependymoma arising from the lateral ventricle have been reported in literature. Histological differential diagnosis includes spindle-shaped neuroepithelial tumors, such as pilocytic astrocytoma, fibrillary astrocytoma and schwannoma. Tanycytic ependymoma has slightly better prognosis than other ependymoma subtypes. PMID:18312548

Zhang, Sheng; Wang, Xingfu; Zhang, Zhenzhen; Chen, Yupeng

2008-08-01

279

Mullerian carcinosarcoma arising in the cecum associated with florid vascular proliferation/glomeruloid microvascular proliferation.  

PubMed

Angiogenesis is required for tumor growth, and the degree of new vessel formation correlates with adverse prognosis in many types of malignancies. It has now been appreciated that tumor-associated vasculature is heterogenous and sometimes includes a complex vasoformative process that has been termed florid vascular proliferation or glomeruloid microvascular proliferation. These vascular lesions are most characteristic of high-grade gliomas and neuroendocrine tumors but are being increasingly recognized in other types of neoplasias as well. Herein we report a case of carcinosarcoma arising within the cecal wall of a 62-yr-old patient that exhibited florid vascular proliferation, particularly at the time of peritoneal recurrence. Recognition of these tumor-associated vasoformative lesions may be important in view of their adverse prognostic association and may become therapeutically relevant considering the current developments in angiogenesis inhibitors. PMID:23202786

Stewart, Colin J R; Abeysuriya, Disna; Kumarasinghe, Priyanthi; Salfinger, Stuart; Tan, Jason

2013-01-01

280

The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Defects in the APC gene are inarguably linked to the progression of colon cancers that arise both sporadically and through the transmission of germline mutations. Genetic evidence from humans and mouse models suggest that APC is a classic tumor suppressor in that both alleles likely require inactivation for tumor growth to ensue. Nearly all of the mutations, germline and somatic,

Paul Polakis

1997-01-01

281

Brain tumors.  

PubMed Central

Recent advances in experimental tumor biology are being applied to critical clinical problems of primary brain tumors. The expression of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors, which are sparse in normal brain, is increased as much as 20-fold in brain tumors. Experimental studies show promise in using labeled ligands to these receptors to identify the outer margins of malignant brain tumors. Whereas positron emission tomography has improved the dynamic understanding of tumors, the labeled selective tumor receptors with positron emitters will enhance the ability to specifically diagnose and greatly aid in the pretreatment planning for tumors. Modulation of these receptors will also affect tumor growth and metabolism. Novel methods to deliver antitumor agents to the brain and new approaches using biologic response modifiers also hold promise to further improve the management of brain tumors. Images PMID:1848735

Black, K. L.; Mazziotta, J. C.; Becker, D. P.

1991-01-01

282

The role of quail bronchitis virus as a possible precipitating factor in "air sac syndrome" of chickens  

E-print Network

THE ROLE OF QUAIL BRONCHITIS VIRUS AS A POSSIBLE PRECIPITATING FACTOR IN "AIR SAC SYNDROME" OF CHICKENS A Thesis By JERRY BOB PAYNE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ARM University in partfal fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1965 Major Subject: Veterinary Microbiology THE ROLE OF QUAIL BRONCHITIS VIRUS AS A POSSIBLE PRECIPITATING FACTOR IN "AIR SAC SYNDROME" OF CHICKENS A Thesis By JERRY BOB PAYNE Approved as to style and dontent...

Payne, Jerry Bob

1965-01-01

283

Activity of digestive enzymes in yolk-sac larvae of Atlantic halibut ( Hippoglossus hippoglossus): indication of readiness for first feeding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of determining when larvae should be offered food is particularly difficult in a species such as Atlantic halibut that has a long yolk-sac period (280–320 degree days, dd). In order to help determine at what age Atlantic halibut larvae are able to digest food, we compared the activities of key digestive enzymes in four yolk-sac stages at an

Anna Gawlicka; Brigitte Parent; Michael H Horn; Neil Ross; Ingegjerd Opstad; Ole J Torrissen

2000-01-01

284

Clear cell adenocarcinoma arising in an adenomyoma of the broad ligament.  

PubMed

Extrauterine adenomyomas are extremely rare benign tumors of smooth muscles, endometrial glands, and endometrial stroma. Ectopic endometrial glands can undergo malignant change. The ovary is the most common site of malignant change in endometriosis. Cancer arising in extraovarian endometriosis is a rare event with limited cases in the literature. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of a clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from foci of ectopic endometrial tissue in an adenomyoma of the broad ligament. It supports the association between endometriomas and clear cell adenocarcinoma. Therefore, patients with a significant history of endometriosis may benefit from close follow-up or definitive surgery. PMID:24942896

Torres, Diogo; Parker, Lynn; Moghadamfalahi, Mana; Sanders, Mary Ann; Metzinger, Daniel S

2015-04-01

285

Pleiotropic Alterations in Lipid Metabolism in Yeast sac1 Mutants: Relationship to “Bypass Sec14p” and Inositol Auxotrophy  

PubMed Central

SacIp dysfunction results in bypass of the requirement for phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (Sec14p) function in yeast Golgi processes. This effect is accompanied by alterations in inositol phospholipid metabolism and inositol auxotrophy. Elucidation of how sac1 mutants effect “bypass Sec14p” will provide insights into Sec14p function in vivo. We now report that, in addition to a dramatic accumulation of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate, sac1 mutants also exhibit a specific acceleration of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis via the CDP-choline pathway. This phosphatidylcholine metabolic phenotype is sensitive to the two physiological challenges that abolish bypass Sec14p in sac1 strains; i.e. phospholipase D inactivation and expression of bacterial diacylglycerol (DAG) kinase. Moreover, we demonstrate that accumulation of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate in sac1 mutants is insufficient to effect bypass Sec14p. These data support a model in which phospholipase D activity contributes to generation of DAG that, in turn, effects bypass Sec14p. A significant fate for this DAG is consumption by the CDP-choline pathway. Finally, we determine that CDP-choline pathway activity contributes to the inositol auxotrophy of sac1 strains in a novel manner that does not involve obvious defects in transcriptional expression of the INO1 gene. PMID:10397762

Rivas, Marcos P.; Kearns, Brian G.; Xie, Zhigang; Guo, Shuling; Sekar, M. Chandra; Hosaka, Kohei; Kagiwada, Satoshi; York, John D.; Bankaitis, Vytas A.

1999-01-01

286

Castor sacs and anal glands of the north american beaver (Castor canadensis): their histology, development, and relationship to scent communication.  

PubMed

Both sexes of beavers possess a pair of castor sacs and a pair of anal glands located in paired subcutaneous cavities between the pelvis and the base of the tail. The castor sacs are not glandular in the histological sense, hence references to these structures as preputial glands or castor glands are misnomers. The wall of the castor sacs is plicate and comprised of three distinct zones: an outer layer of vascular connective tissue, a two-to five-cell-thick layer of mitotic epithelial cells, and several densely packed layers of cornified epithelium which grade into more widely separated sheets toward the lumen. Monocultures of a gram-positive facultatively anaerobic bacterium were present in the lumen of all castor sac preparations. Differences in the frequency of castoreum deposition were not attributable to differences in the structure of the castor sacs. The anal glands of beavers are holocrine sebaceous glands. These glands develop more rapidly than the castor sacs. Anal gland tissue from embryos exhibited cellular characteristics associated with the production of sebum. Secretory activity was evident in all preparations. The relationship of castoreum and anal gland secretion to scent communication among beavers is discussed. PMID:24415179

Walro, J M; Svendsen, G E

1982-05-01

287

Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma of the maxilla possibly arising from an infected residual cyst: A case report.  

PubMed

Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma (PIOSCC) is a rare type of odontogenic carcinoma arising from the jawbone. Odontogenic cysts are true cysts that arise from the dental epithelium, which is associated with tooth formation. The epithelial lining of odontogenic cysts has the potential to transform into various types of odontogenic tumor; however, this transformation from an odontogenic cyst to a malignant tumor is rare. The definitive diagnosis for PIOSCC generally requires the observation of either features of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) within the jawbone that are distinct from direct invasion from the surface oral epithelium, or evidence of SCC arising from odontogenic epithelium and from tumors that have metastasized to the jawbone from distant sites. In the present study, a case of PIOSCC of the maxilla is presented, which, based on the results of computed tomography and the clinical course, was hypothesized to have originated from an infected residual cyst. PMID:25435946

Sukegawa, Shintaro; Matsuzaki, Hidenobu; Katase, Naoki; Kanno, Takahiro; Mandai, Toshiko; Takahashi, Yuka; Asaumi, Jun-Ichi; Furuki, Yoshihiko

2015-01-01

288

Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma of the maxilla possibly arising from an infected residual cyst: A case report  

PubMed Central

Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma (PIOSCC) is a rare type of odontogenic carcinoma arising from the jawbone. Odontogenic cysts are true cysts that arise from the dental epithelium, which is associated with tooth formation. The epithelial lining of odontogenic cysts has the potential to transform into various types of odontogenic tumor; however, this transformation from an odontogenic cyst to a malignant tumor is rare. The definitive diagnosis for PIOSCC generally requires the observation of either features of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) within the jawbone that are distinct from direct invasion from the surface oral epithelium, or evidence of SCC arising from odontogenic epithelium and from tumors that have metastasized to the jawbone from distant sites. In the present study, a case of PIOSCC of the maxilla is presented, which, based on the results of computed tomography and the clinical course, was hypothesized to have originated from an infected residual cyst. PMID:25435946

SUKEGAWA, SHINTARO; MATSUZAKI, HIDENOBU; KATASE, NAOKI; KANNO, TAKAHIRO; MANDAI, TOSHIKO; TAKAHASHI, YUKA; ASAUMI, JUN-ICHI; FURUKI, YOSHIHIKO

2015-01-01

289

Boundary estimation problems arising in thermal tomography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Problems on the identification of two-dimensional spatial domains arising in the detection and characterization of structural flaws in materials are considered. For a thermal diffusion system with external boundary input, observations of the temperature on the surface are used in a output least squares approach. Parameter estimation techniques based on the method of mappings are discussed and approximation schemes are developed based on a finite element Galerkin approach. Theoretical convergence results for computational techniques are given and the results are applied to experimental data for the identification of flaws in the thermal testing of materials.

Banks, H. T.; Kojima, Fumio; Winfree, W. P.

1989-01-01

290

Pediatric Germ Cell Tumors; A 10-year Experience  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of germ cell tumors in patients admitted to our center during a ten year period. Methods: In a retrospective descriptive study, patients with the pathological diagnosis of germ cell tumor (GCT) were included. All records were evaluated and patients followed by personal visit in clinic or phone call. Data regarding age, sex, tumor site, bio-chemical assay, pathology, treatment and outcomes were gathered. For qualitative variables we computed frequency and percentage and for quantitative variables, mean and standard deviation. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier. All statistical analyses were performed by SPSS version16.0. Findings : Forty four patients consisted of 32 girls (72.7%) and 12 boys (27.3%). Their median age was 23 months. The most common pathological tumor types were 18 (40.9%) mature teratomas and 14 (31.8%) yolk sac tumors. Extra gonadal tumors were more prevalent (32 cases) and consisted of 21 (47.7%) sacrcoccygeal, 7 (15.9%) retroperitoneal, 2 (4.4%) mediastinal and 2 (4.4%) cervical tumors. In gonadal tumors 9 patients had ovarian and 3 patients testicular involvement. Staging at the time of diagnosis revealed stage one in 23 (52.3%) cases. All patients were treated surgically and the most common procedure was total resection in 41 (93.2%) patients. Fifteen (34.1%) patients received chemotherapy. In follow-up 31 (77.5%) patients were in complete remission, 9 (22.5%) had died, and 4 cases did not appear to follow-up visits. The median survival was 16 months (IQR 4-49 months). The highest mortality rate was found in patients with yolk sac tumors (8 of 13 cases). Conclusion: The patients with extra-gonadal GCT and a high AFP level have the worst prognosis and lower survival rate. Combination of surgery and chemotherapy can lead to a better prognosis. PMID:25755868

Khaleghnejad-Tabari, Ahmad; Mirshemirani, Alireza; Rouzrokh, Mohsen; Mohajerzadeh, Leily; Khaleghnejad-Tabari, Nasibeh; Hasas-Yeganeh, Shaghayegh

2014-01-01

291

Adenocarcinoma arising from Meckel's diverticulum in the ileum with malrotation of the midgut  

PubMed Central

Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is a true congenital diverticulum that is remnant by incomplete obliteration of the omphalomesenteric duct. It is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract, with an estimated prevalence of 2% (0.3% to 3% in autopsy studies). About 90% of MD occurs within 100 cm of the ileocecal valve. A primary malignant tumor arising within an MD is extremely uncommon. Malignancies are reported to account for only 0.5% to 3.2% of the complications. Carcinoids are the most common malignant tumors occurring in MD. Adenocarcinomas are extremely uncommon and very poor prognosis has been reported. We report a case of radiographically diagnosed chronic inflammatory mass caused by adenocarcinoma arising from MD in the ileum with malrotation of the midgut incidentally discovered at exploration. PMID:23741695

Lee, Jin Kwon; Kwag, Seung Jin; Oh, Seong Taek; Kim, Jun Gi

2013-01-01

292

Urogenital tumors  

SciTech Connect

An overview is provided for veterinary care of urogenital tumors in companion animals, especially the dog. Neoplasms discussed include tumors of the kidney, urinary bladder, prostate, testis, ovary, vagina, vulva and the canine transmissible venereal tumor. Topics addressed include description, diagnosis and treatment.

Weller, R.E.

1994-03-01

293

Reproducible growth in tissue culture of retinoblastoma tumor specimens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retinoblastoma is a unique embryonic tumor which fre quently arises because of an autosomal dominantly inherited mutation. Study of the genetic changes associated with reti- noblastomas requires techniques that allow proliferation of fresh tumor specimens in tissue culture. However, until the present study, there were no reported methods for routinely obtaining in vitro growth of fresh retinoblastoma tumor cells. When

B L Gallie; Wendy Holmes; Robert A. Phillips

1982-01-01

294

Synchronous Distal Pancreatic Metastatic Lesion Arising from Colonic Adenocarcinoma: Case Report and Literature Review  

PubMed Central

Solitary metastatic pancreatic lesions comprise 0.5% to 3% of all pancreas neoplasms, most commonly arising from primary tumors of the kidney, lung, or colon. Synchronous metastatic pancreatic lesions are exceptionally rare. Only 25 cases of isolated colorectal pancreatic metastasis amenable to resection have been reported, 11 of those in the distal pancreas. To our knowledge we report the first case of a primary colonic malignancy with a synchronous distal pancreatic metastatic lesion treated with resection. PMID:24667222

Su, Lowell; Wernberg, Jessica

2014-01-01

295

High grade angiosarcoma arising in fibroadenoma  

PubMed Central

Primary angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare tumour that account for fewer than 0.05% of all malignant mammary tumours. Angiosarcoma may have an perfidious clinical onset. Radiologic findings are often nonspecific and may appear completely normal in one-third of cases with primary angiosarcoma. The prognosis is usually poor because of the high rates of local recurrence and early development of metastases. Aggressive surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment. The role of adjuvant therapy has not yet been well established. Here we present a case of a 53 year old, postmenopausal women with primary angiosarcoma arising in fibroadenoma. To our knowledge, this is the first case described in the literature to date. PMID:22185665

2011-01-01

296

Periorbital nodular fasciitis arising during pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Nodular fasciitis (NF) is a benign proliferation of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts that rarely occurs in the periorbital region. We report what we believe to be the first case of periorbital NF associated with pregnancy. A case of intravascular fasciitis, a NF variant, has been reported during pregnancy, but it was not located in the periorbital region. A weak presence of estrogen receptors has been reported in NF. This may make it more susceptible to the hormone-related changes during pregnancy and contribute to the development of the lesion by stimulating fibroblasts and smooth muscle cell types. Although rare, NF should be considered in the differential diagnosis of periorbital soft-tissue masses arising during pregnancy. PMID:23571242

Phillips, Brandon N; Eiseman, Andrew S

2014-01-01

297

Etv2 is expressed in the yolk sac hematopoietic and endothelial progenitors and regulates Lmo2 gene expression  

PubMed Central

During embryogenesis, the endothelial and the hematopoietic lineages first appear during gastrulation in the blood island of the yolk sac. We have previously reported that an Ets variant gene 2 (Etv2/ER71) mutant embryo lacks hematopoietic and endothelial lineages, however, the precise roles of Etv2 in yolk sac development remains unclear. In the present study, we define the role of Etv2 in yolk sac blood island development using the Etv2 mutant and a novel Etv2-EYFP reporter transgenic line. Both the hematopoietic and the endothelial lineages are absent in the Etv2 mutant yolk sac. In the Etv2-EYFP transgenic mouse, the EYFP reporter is activated in the nascent mesoderm, expressed in the endothelial and blood progenitors, and in the Tie2+, c-kit+, CD41+ hematopoietic population. The hematopoietic activity in the E7.75 yolk sac was exclusively localized to the Etv2-EYFP+ population. In the Etv2 mutant yolk sac, Tie2+ cells are present but do not express hematopoietic or endothelial markers. In addition, these cells do not form hematopoietic colonies, indicating an essential role of Etv2 in the specification of the hematopoietic lineage. Forced overexpression of Etv2 during EB differentiation induces the hematopoietic and the endothelial lineages, and transcriptional profiling in this context identifies Lmo2 as a downstream target. Using EMSA, ChIP, transcriptional assays and mutagenesis, we demonstrate that Etv2 binds to the Lmo2 enhancer and transactivates its expression. Collectively, our studies demonstrate that Etv2 is expressed during and required for yolk sac hemato-endothelial development, and that Lmo2 is one of the downstream targets of Etv2. PMID:22628281

Koyano-Nakagawa, Naoko; Kweon, Junghun; Iacovino, Michelina; Shi, Xiaozhong; Rasmussen, Tara L.; Borges, Luciene; Zirbes, Katie M.; Li, Tongbin; Perlingeiro, Rita C.R.; Kyba, Michael; Garry, Daniel J.

2013-01-01

298

Adenocarcinoma arising from heterotopic pancreas at the third portion of the duodenum  

PubMed Central

A 62-year-old Japanese man presented to our hospital with a history of weight loss of 6 kg in 4 mo. Imaging examinations revealed a tumor located on the third portion of the duodenum with stenosis. We suspected duodenal carcinoma and performed pancreas-preserving segmental duodenectomy. Adenocarcinoma arising from a heterotopic pancreas at the third portion of the duodenum was finally diagnosed by immunohistochemical staining. Malignant transformation in the duodenum arising from a heterotopic pancreas is extremely rare; to our knowledge, only 13 cases have been reported worldwide, including the present case. The most common location of malignancy is the proximal duodenum at the first and descending portion. Herein, we describe the first case of adenocarcinoma arising from a heterotopic pancreas, which was located in the third portion of the duodenum, with a review of the literature. PMID:25852297

Fukino, Nobutada; Oida, Takatsugu; Mimatsu, Kenji; Kuboi, Youichi; Kida, Kazutoshi

2015-01-01

299

Endovascular sac sealing concept: will the Endologix Nellix™ device solve the deficiencies?  

PubMed

The deficiencies in current endovascular aneurysm repair include limited applicability to treat aneurysm anatomies, a significant reintervention rate to manage postprocedural complications and a requirement for postprocedural surveillance. Endovascular aneurysm sealing with the Nellix™ device offers the potential to address these issues by directly treating the aneurysm sac and minimizing the risk of endoleak of any type as well as device migration. The unique sealing technology of polymer filled endobags also provides an opportunity to treat aneurysm anatomies that could not be effectively treated with conventional endografts. The early clinical experience with Nellix™ supports these concepts but long-term durability is yet to be established. PMID:25584735

Holden, A

2015-06-01

300

Benign and malignant tumors of the rectum and perirectal region.  

PubMed

Although most rectal masses are histologically characterized as adenocarcinomas, the rectum and perirectal region can be affected by a wide variety of tumors and tumor-like conditions that can mimic the symptoms caused by rectal adenocarcinoma, including mucosal or submucosal rectal tumors such as lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, leiomyosarcoma, neuroendocrine tumor, hemangioma, and melanoma, as well as tumors of the perirectal region such as developmental cyst, neurogenic tumor, osseous tumor, and other miscellaneous conditions. As a group, tumors of the rectum are considerably different from the group of tumors that arise in the perirectal region: they are most often neoplastic, symptomatic, and malignant, whereas tumors arising in the perirectal region are most commonly congenital, asymptomatic, and benign. Proctoscopy with biopsy is the most important method for the diagnosis of rectal tumors, but this procedure cannot determine the precise intramural extension of a rectal tumor and cannot accurately distinguish submucosal and intramural tumors from extramural tumors. Cross-sectional imaging, especially transrectal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, allows evaluation of the entire bowel wall thickness and the perirectal tissues, helping further characterize these tumors. Recognition of the existence of these masses and their key clinical and imaging features is crucial for clinicians to accurately diagnose and appropriately manage these conditions. PMID:24663381

Purysko, Andrei S; Coppa, Christopher P; Kalady, Mathew F; Pai, Rish K; Leão Filho, Hilton M; Thupili, Chakradhar R; Remer, Erick M

2014-08-01

301

Digital PCR technology detects brain-tumor-associated mutation in cerebrospinal fluid  

Cancer.gov

Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital (a component of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute) and their colleagues have used digital versions of a standard molecular biology tool to detect a common tumor-associated mutation in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with brain tumors. In their report being published in the open-access journal Molecular Therapy – Nucleic Acids, the investigators describe using advanced forms of the gene-amplification technology polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze bits of RNA carried in membrane-covered sacs called extracellular vesicles for the presence of a tumor-associated mutation in a gene called IDH1.

302

Graft Distortion After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Association with Sac Morphology and Mid-Term Complications  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate the incidence, significance, and mechanism of stent-graft distortion after endovascular repair (EVR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm.Methods: EVR of abdominal aortic aneurysm was performed in 51 cases (49 modular, bifurcated; 2 tube). Thirty-two patients were followed for 6 or more months and had equivalent baseline and follow-up images which could be used to determine changes in graft configuration. Sac dimensions were measured using computed tomographic (CT) images and graft-related complications were recorded.Results: Amongst 32 patients evaluated on follow-up, there was graft distortion in 24. Distorted grafts were significantly (p= 0.002) associated with sac diameter reduction (mean 5 mm) and sac length reduction (mean 8.1 mm). All graft-related complications occurred in the limbs of eight distorted grafts, with a mean reduction of sac length in this group of 7.8 mm on reformatted CT images.Conclusion: There was a highly significant association between graft distortion and limb complications, and reduced sac dimensions.

Gould, Derek Alan [Department of Interventional Radiology, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom); Edwards, Richard David [Radiology Department, Gartnavel Hospital, Glasgow G12 OYG (United Kingdom); McWilliams, Richard Gregory; Rowlands, Peter Christopher [Department of Interventional Radiology, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom); Martin, Janis [Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom); White, Donagh [Department of Interventional Radiology, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom); Fear, Simon [Statistician, Roy Castle ICLCR, London Road, Liverpool L3 9TA (United Kingdom); Bakran, Ali; Brennan, John; Gilling-Smith, Geoffrey; Harris, Peter Lyon [Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom)

2000-09-15

303

Enhancement of Processability and Electrical Resistance by Use of Ag-Based Composite Inks Containing Ultrafine SAC305 Alloy Nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose use of Ag/Sn-3.0 (wt.%) Ag-0.5 Cu (SAC305) composite ink to reduce sintering temperature, sintering time, and material costs. The SAC305 nanoparticle (NP) surfaces were not capped by any stabilizers, which are detrimental to the resistivity of the sintered tracks. Compared with commercial pure Ag ink, use of Ag/3.2 (vol.%) SAC305 composite ink containing ultrafine SAC305 NPs resulted in outstandingly enhanced processability, enabling faster sintering at low temperatures. The average sheet resistance of composite ink samples sintered for 25 min at 170°C was as low as 0.011 ?/?, comparable with that of a pure Ag sample sintered for over 30 min at 220°C. The morphology and the differential scanning calorimetry curves enabled explanation of the changes in the sintering behavior and sheet resistance. The Ag/SAC305 clusters in the composite ink sintered at 170°C grew, on average, to ~201.1-226.1 nm as a result of faster local liquid-phase sintering, and most of the Ag particles were mutually linked, dramatically changing the microstructure.

Shin, Yong Moo; Kim, Hyun-Jin; Jang, Seok Pil; Lee, Jong-Hyun

2014-09-01

304

Successful Chemoradiotherapy for Undifferentiated Malignant Neoplasm Arising from the Left Pulmonary Artery  

PubMed Central

Undifferentiated malignant neoplasms, which occur primarily in the pulmonary artery, are extremely rare and associated with poor outcomes as there is no effective therapy. A 67-year-old woman visited our hospital with complaints of dry cough and dyspnea on exertion. A contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography revealed an intravascular tumor obstructing the left pulmonary artery and a pedunculated lesion extending to the main and right pulmonary artery. Multiple metastases in the lung, bones and bilateral adrenal glands were identified by fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography. A small sample was obtained by catheter aspiration biopsy of the intravascular tumor, and examination revealed undifferentiated small atypical cells. The tumor was diagnosed as an undifferentiated neoplasm arising from the pulmonary artery based on immunohistochemical findings, including the absence of expressions of organ-specific markers. Systemic chemotherapy (paclitaxel and carboplatin) and concurrent radiation were performed as treatment for the primary tumor. Marked shrinkage of the intravascular tumor was achieved, and no serious adverse events were observed during therapy. Chemotherapy was continued for 5 months, but the patient died because of tumor progression 9 months after the initial diagnosis. Chemoradiotherapy has efficacy against undifferentiated neoplasm of the pulmonary artery. PMID:25202263

Kumagai, Hozumi; Nio, Kenta; Okumura, Yuta; Komoda, Masato; Shirakawa, Tsuyoshi; Kusaba, Hitoshi; Yasuda, Shioto; Odashiro, Keita; Arita, Shuji; Ariyama, Hiroshi; Yamada, Yuichi; Yamamoto, Hidetaka; Oda, Yoshinao; Nakamura, Katsumasa; Akashi, Koichi; Baba, Eishi

2014-01-01

305

Primary mixed germ cell tumor of the liver with sarcomatous components  

PubMed Central

Germ cell tumor (GCT) of the liver is extremely rare. Here, we describe a case of hepatic mixed GCT with significant sarcomatous components and elevated serum ?-fetoprotein (AFP) in a 34-year-old man. Histopathologically, the tumor was composed of two GCTs components: yolk sac tumor and immature teratoma. The predominant components of immature teratoma consisted of several types of tissue that represented different germinal layers (endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm) and showed varying degrees of differentiation with significant sarcomatous components. The yolk sac component showed positivity for AFP and cytokeratin (AE1/AE3). The immature teratoma components showed positivity for varying differentiation markers. Interphase cytogenetic analysis revealed that the yolk sac tumor and immature teratoma were positive for i(12p) and 12p over-representation. In particular, the rhabdomyoblastic components also showed typical i(12p) and 12p overrepresentation. This suggested that sarcomatous components may be associated with dedifferentiation or malignant transformation of certain mesenchymal components within teratoma. PMID:20128038

Xu, Ai-Min; Gong, Shao-Juan; Song, Wei-Hua; Li, Xiao-Wei; Pan, Chun-Hua; Zhu, Jun-Jun; Wu, Meng-Chao

2010-01-01

306

Maternal-fetal immunoglobulin transport: Studies on the binding, internalization, and release of IgG by chick yolk sac tissue and cultured cells  

SciTech Connect

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is transported from the yolk across the endodermal cells of the yolk sac and into the fetal circulation during chick embryonic development, thus providing the chick with passive immunity until it becomes immunocompetent. Saturable, Fc-specific receptors are present on the endodermal cells and are believed to mediate this transfer. In this study, IgG receptors were shown to be present on the yolk sac endodermal cells throughout the 21 days of development, although most of the transport occurs during the last 3 days prior to hatching. Fluorescently conjugated IgG was internalized by a receptor mechanism into small apical vesicles in yolk sac endoderm throughout, but cells from 19 day yolk sacs internalized more conjugate than those from 14 day yolk sacs. This was confirmed and quantitated by assaying the internalization of {sup 125}I-IgG into yolk sac tissue. IgG was internalized by a receptor mediated mechanism, reaching a steady state level after 1 to 2 hours. Although both ages of yolk sac tissue possessed the same number of surface IgG receptors, as measured by equilibrium binding assays at 4{degree}C, 19 day yolk sac had the capacity to internalize six times as much IgG by a receptor mechanism as 14 day yolk sac.

Donaldson, J.G.

1988-01-01

307

Cloning structural gene sacB, which codes for exoenzyme levansucrase of Bacillus subtilis: expression of the gene in Escherichia coli.  

PubMed Central

A clone bearing the structural gene sacB, coding for the exoenzyme levansucrase, was isolated from a library of Bacillus subtilis DNA that was cloned in phage lambda charon 4A on the basis of the transforming activity of the chimeric DNA. This lambda clone also was found to contain the sacR and smo loci. Subcloning the sacB-sacR region in plasmid pBR325 resulted in a clone which directed levansucrase synthesis in Escherichia coli. The nucleotide sequence coding for the secreted protein was localized on the physical map of the cloned DNA. Images PMID:6402497

Gay, P; Le Coq, D; Steinmetz, M; Ferrari, E; Hoch, J A

1983-01-01

308

Adenoma, adenocarcinoma and mixed carcinoid-adenocarcinoma arising in a small lesion of the colon.  

PubMed

A unique tumor measuring 8 x 8 x 5 mm and composed of adenoma, adenocarcinoma and mixed carcinoid-adenocarcinoma arising in the ascending colon is reported. The mixed carcinoid-adenocarcinoma, in which adenocarcinomatous and carcinoid components intermingled, originated in the mucosa, penetrated the muscularis mucosa and extended into the submucosa. Immunohistochemically, carcinoid cells were positive for neuroendocrine markers and adenocarcinoma cells were intracytoplasmicly positive for carcinoembryonic antigen. Ultrastructurally, membrane-bound electron dense granules varying in shape, size and electron density were detected in the cytoplasm of carcinoid cells. No mutations of p53 and k-ras genes were detected in adenomatous, adenocarcinomatous or mixed carcinoid-adenocarcinoma components. The morphological appearances of the present case strongly suggests the histogenesis of this tumor in an adenoma-adenocarcinoma-carcinoid tumor sequence. PMID:12828611

Jiao, Yu-Fei; Nakamura, Shin-ichi; Arai, Tomio; Sugai, Tamotsu; Uesugi, Noriuki; Habano, Wataru; Suzuki, Masamichi; Tazawa, Hideki; Goukon, Yuji

2003-07-01

309

Carcinoid tumors of the abdomen: CT features.  

PubMed

Carcinoid tumors are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms that belong to a more general category of tumor called the APUDomas. Ninety percent of carcinoid tumors are located in the gastrointestinal tract. Abdominal carcinoid tumors are categorized according to the division of the primitive gut from which they arise. Carcinoid tumors originating from the foregut develop in the gastric wall, duodenum, and pancreas; those originating from the midgut develop from the small bowel, appendix, and right colon; and those originating from the hindgut develop from the transverse or left colon or from the rectum. This report illustrates the computed tomographic appearance of primary and metastatic carcinoid tumors of the abdomen. Among the different organs that may be involved by metastases from carcinoid tumor, special emphasis is placed on the liver. PMID:10227886

Pelage, J P; Soyer, P; Boudiaf, M; Brocheriou-Spelle, I; Dufresne, A C; Coumbaras, J; Rymer, R

1999-01-01

310

Primary tumors of the spine.  

PubMed

Spinal tumors consist of a large spectrum of various histologic entities. Multiple spinal lesions frequently represent known metastatic disease or lymphoproliferative disease. In solitary lesions primary neoplasms of the spine should be considered. Primary spinal tumors may arise from the spinal cord, the surrounding leptomeninges, or the extradural soft tissues and bony structures. A wide variety of benign neoplasms can involve the spine including enostosis, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, aneurysmal bone cyst, giant cell tumor, and osteochondroma. Common malignant primary neoplasms are chordoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor, and osteosarcoma. Although plain radiographs may be useful to characterize some spinal lesions, magnetic resonance imaging is indispensable to determine the extension and the relationship with the spinal canal and nerve roots, and thus determine the plan of management. In this article we review the characteristic imaging features of extradural spinal lesions. PMID:24896744

Orguc, Sebnem; Arkun, Remide

2014-07-01

311

Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sac in a spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta).  

PubMed

A 25-yr-old spayed female spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) developed intermittent right pelvic limb lameness that persisted following conservative medical therapy. No obvious musculoskeletal lesions were noted on initial physical exam; however, spinal radiography was suspicious for possible intervertebral degenerative joint disease or discospondylitis. Despite prolonged medical therapy, the lameness progressed to minimal weight bearing and marked muscle atrophy of the right pelvic limb. Electromyography showed spontaneous activity in the muscles of right sciatic nerve distribution. Sensory and motor nerve conduction velocities in the right tibial and peroneal nerves were undetectable and markedly reduced, respectively. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan revealed a large, space-occupying mass on the right side of the sacrum and pelvis. Antemortem fine-needle aspiration of the mass and postmortem histopathology resulted in diagnosis of a high-grade squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sac. Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sac is very rare in domestic dogs and previously unreported in spotted hyenas. PMID:24450071

Goodnight, Andrea L; Traslavina, Ryan P; Emanuelson, Karen; Affolter, Verena K; Gaffney, Patricia M; Vernau, William; Williams, Colette; Wu, Connie I-kuan; Sturges, Beverly K; Lowenstine, Linda J

2013-12-01

312

A novel approach for noninvasive drug delivery and sensing through the amniotic sac.  

PubMed

Current invasive prenatal tests (amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling) are known for their risk to the fetus. In the last decade, the use and awareness of these prenatal tests have increased, resulting in growing demand for a safe, non-invasive, and accurate prenatal test. Chemical penetration enhancers (CPEs) have long been used to increase transport phenomena across skin and other membranes (e.g., tympanic membrane). The amniotic sac membrane is called the chorioamnion (CA) membrane and serves as the physical barrier between the fetus and the mother. In this research, the effect of CPEs on human CA mass transport was evaluated both in vitro and ex vivo. The results show that the tested CPEs exhibit an enhancing effect on CA mass transport. Based on the permeability results, two mechanisms of action were suggested: "extractors" and "fluidizers". Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and rapid colorimetric screening measurements supported the mechanisms, based on which, more potent compounds were designed and tested for their enhancing effect. The enhancing mass transport effect of CPEs on CA membrane may be used both for sampling of cell-free DNA and for noninvasively administering drugs and other biological agents to the amniotic sac. PMID:24685707

Azagury, Aharon; Amar-Lewis, Eliz; Mann, Ella; Goldbart, Riki; Traitel, Tamar; Jelinek, Raz; Hallak, Mordechai; Kost, Joseph

2014-06-10

313

Embryo sac formation and early embryo development in Agave tequilana (Asparagaceae).  

PubMed

Agave tequilana is an angiosperm species that belongs to the family Asparagaceae (formerly Agavaceae). Even though there is information regarding to some aspects related to the megagametogenesis of A. tequilana, this is the first report describing the complete process of megasporogenesis, megagametogenesis, the early embryo and endosperm development process in detail. The objective of this work was to study and characterize all the above processes and the distinctive morphological changes of the micropylar and chalazal extremes after fertilization in this species. The agave plant material for the present study was collected from commercial plantations in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. Ovules and immature seeds, previously fixed in FAA and kept in ethanol 70%, were stained based on a tissue clarification technique by using a Mayer's-Hematoxylin solution. The tissue clarification technique was successfully used for the characterization of the megasporogenesis, megagametogenesis, mature embryo sac formation, the early embryo and endosperm development processes by studying intact cells. The embryo sac of A. tequilana was confirmed to be of the monosporic Polygonum-type and an helobial endosperm formation. Also, the time-lapse of the developmental processes studied was recorded. PMID:25332875

González-Gutiérrez, Alejandra G; Gutiérrez-Mora, Antonia; Rodríguez-Garay, Benjamín

2014-01-01

314

Giant pandas are not an evolutionary cul-de-sac: evidence from multidisciplinary research.  

PubMed

The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is one of the world's most endangered mammals and remains threatened by environmental and anthropogenic pressure. It is commonly argued that giant pandas are an evolutionary cul-de-sac because of their specialized bamboo diet, phylogenetic changes in body size, small population, low genetic diversity, and low reproductive rate. This notion is incorrect, arose from a poor understanding or appreciation of giant panda biology, and is in need of correction. In this review, we summarize research across morphology, ecology, and genetics to dispel the idea, once and for all, that giant pandas are evolutionary dead-end. The latest and most advanced research shows that giant pandas are successful animals highly adapted to a specialized bamboo diet via morphological, ecological, and genetic adaptations and coadaptation of gut microbiota. We also debunk misconceptions around population size, population growth rate, and genetic variation. During their evolutionary history spanning 8 My, giant pandas have survived diet specialization, massive bamboo flowering and die off, and rapid climate oscillations. Now, they are suffering from enormous human interference. Fortunately, continued conservation effort is greatly reducing impacts from anthropogenic interference and allowing giant panda populations and habitat to recover. Previous ideas of a giant panda evolutionary cul-de-sac resulted from an unsystematic and unsophisticated understanding of their biology and it is time to shed this baggage and focus on the survival and maintenance of this high-profile species. PMID:25274274

Wei, Fuwen; Hu, Yibo; Yan, Li; Nie, Yonggang; Wu, Qi; Zhang, Zejun

2015-01-01

315

Air Sac Nematode Monopetalonema alcedinis in a Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) in Maryland, USA.  

PubMed

Sporadic and geographically widespread reports of parasites affecting the Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) have been published but few have described details of the pathology. A female, adult kingfisher was found dead in a heavily wooded area of a zoo in Maryland, USA. At necropsy, numerous sexually dimorphic, 4.4-40.5-cm adult Monopetalonema alcedinis nematodes were found tightly wound within the coelomic cavity between organs and completely filling the caudal thoracic and abdominal air sacs. Abundant, 30-60-µm diameter, larvated, thick-walled ova were found in the bronchi and parabronchi, within the mesentery, and in the serosa of multiple coelomic organs. Monopetalonema alcedinis is a characteristic member of the superfamily Diplotriaenoidea, a group of nematodes occurring in birds and reptiles. Infective larvae within an invertebrate intermediate host are ingested and penetrate the intestine, traveling to the lungs and then into the air sacs, where the adult females release eggs. The ova are coughed up by the avian host and passed in feces. Specimens of M. alcedinis have been found in the Belted Kingfisher, although typically intensity of infection is low and infections remain asymptomatic. In contrast, we report the second documented case of high numbers of M. alcedinis resulting in pathologic changes in which parasitism contributed to host mortality. PMID:25271642

Bronson, Ellen; Kelly, Kathleen; Hoberg, Eric P

2014-10-01

316

Brain Tumor Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Tumors Risk Factors Brain Tumor Statistics Brain Tumor Dictionary Webinars Anytime Learning About Us Letter from the ... Factors Brain Tumor Statistics ABTA Publications Brain Tumor Dictionary Upcoming Webinars Anytime Learning Adolescent & Pediatric Brain Tumors ...

317

Enlarging cells initiating apomixis in Hieracium praealtum transition to an embryo sac program prior to entering mitosis.  

PubMed

Hieracium praealtum forms seeds asexually by apomixis. During ovule development, sexual reproduction initiates with megaspore mother cell entry into meiosis and formation of a tetrad of haploid megaspores. The sexual pathway ceases when a diploid aposporous initial (AI) cell differentiates, enlarges, and undergoes mitosis, forming an aposporous embryo sac that displaces sexual structures. Embryo and endosperm development in aposporous embryo sacs is fertilization independent. Transcriptional data relating to apomixis initiation in Hieracium spp. ovules is scarce and the functional identity of the AI cell relative to other ovule cell types is unclear. Enlarging AI cells with undivided nuclei, early aposporous embryo sacs containing two to four nuclei, and random groups of sporophytic ovule cells not undergoing these events were collected by laser capture microdissection. Isolated amplified messenger RNA samples were sequenced using the 454 pyrosequencing platform and comparatively analyzed to establish indicative roles of the captured cell types. Transcriptome and protein motif analyses showed that approximately one-half of the assembled contigs identified homologous sequences in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), of which the vast majority were expressed during early Arabidopsis ovule development. The sporophytic ovule cells were enriched in signaling functions. Gene expression indicative of meiosis was notably absent in enlarging AI cells, consistent with subsequent aposporous embryo sac formation without meiosis. The AI cell transcriptome was most similar to the early aposporous embryo sac transcriptome when comparing known functional annotations and both shared expressed genes involved in gametophyte development, suggesting that the enlarging AI cell is already transitioning to an embryo sac program prior to mitotic division. PMID:23864557

Okada, Takashi; Hu, Yingkao; Tucker, Matthew R; Taylor, Jennifer M; Johnson, Susan D; Spriggs, Andrew; Tsuchiya, Tohru; Oelkers, Karsten; Rodrigues, Julio C M; Koltunow, Anna M G

2013-09-01

318

The Role of Elastic and Plastic Anisotropy of Sn in Recrystallization and Damage Evolution During Thermal Cycling in SAC305 Solder Joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because failures in lead-free solder joints occur at locations other than the most highly shear-strained regions, reliability prediction is challenging. To gain physical understanding of this phenomenon, physically based understanding of how elastic and plastic deformation anisotropy affect microstructural evolution during thermomechanical cycling is necessary. Upon solidification, SAC305 (Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu) solder joints are usually single or tricrystals. The evolution of microstructures and properties is characterized statistically using optical and orientation imaging microscopy. In situ synchrotron x-ray measurements during thermal cycling are used to examine how crystal orientation and thermal cycling history change strain history. Extensive characterization of a low-stress plastic ball grid array (PBGA) package design at different stages of cycling history is compared with preliminary experiments using higher-stress package designs. With time and thermal history, microstructural evolution occurs mostly from continuous recrystallization and particle coarsening that is unique to each joint, because of the specific interaction between local thermal and displacement boundary conditions and the strong anisotropic elastic, plastic, expansion, and diffusional properties of Sn crystals. The rate of development of recrystallized microstructures is a strong function of strain and aging. Cracks form at recrystallized (random) boundaries, and then percolate through recrystallized regions. Complications arising from electromigration and corrosion are also considered.

Bieler, Thomas R.; Zhou, Bite; Blair, Lauren; Zamiri, Amir; Darbandi, Payam; Pourboghrat, Farhang; Lee, Tae-Kyu; Liu, Kuo-Chuan

2012-02-01

319

The Role of Elastic and Plastic Anisotropy of Sn in Recrystallization and Damage Evolution During Thermal Cycling in SAC305 Solder Joints  

SciTech Connect

Because failures in lead-free solder joints occur at locations other than the most highly shear-strained regions, reliability prediction is challenging. To gain physical understanding of this phenomenon, physically based understanding of how elastic and plastic deformation anisotropy affect microstructural evolution during thermomechanical cycling is necessary. Upon solidification, SAC305 (Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu) solder joints are usually single or tricrystals. The evolution of microstructures and properties is characterized statistically using optical and orientation imaging microscopy. In situ synchrotron x-ray measurements during thermal cycling are used to examine how crystal orientation and thermal cycling history change strain history. Extensive characterization of a low-stress plastic ball grid array (PBGA) package design at different stages of cycling history is compared with preliminary experiments using higher-stress package designs. With time and thermal history, microstructural evolution occurs mostly from continuous recrystallization and particle coarsening that is unique to each joint, because of the specific interaction between local thermal and displacement boundary conditions and the strong anisotropic elastic, plastic, expansion, and diffusional properties of Sn crystals. The rate of development of recrystallized microstructures is a strong function of strain and aging. Cracks form at recrystallized (random) boundaries, and then percolate through recrystallized regions. Complications arising from electromigration and corrosion are also considered.

Bieler, Thomas R.; Zhou, Bite; Blair, Lauren; Zamiri, Amir; Darbandi, Payam; Pourboghrat, Farhang; Lee, Tae-Kyu; Liu, Kuo-Chuan (Michigan); (Cisco)

2013-04-08

320

Pituitary Tumors  

MedlinePLUS

... as the brain and visual pathways, and the individual’s age and overall health. Three types of treatment are used: surgical removal of the tumor; radiation therapy, in which high-dose x-rays are used to kill the tumor ...

321

Tumor Description  

E-print Network

Abstract—This paper used a fuzzy kohonen neural network for medical image segmentation. Image segmentation plays a important role in the many of medical imaging applications by automating or facilitating the diagnostic. The paper analyses the tumor by extraction of the features of (area, entropy, means and standard deviation).These measurements gives a description for a tumor.

322

Hypothalamic tumor  

MedlinePLUS

... at any age, but they are often more aggressive in adults than in children. In adults, tumors ... The treatment depends on how aggressive the tumor is, and whether it is a glioma or another type of cancer. Treatment may involve combinations of surgery, radiation , ...

323

Bone Tumor  

MedlinePLUS

... taken for other reasons, such as a sprained ankle or rotator cu? problem. Doctor Examination If you think you might have a bone tumor, see your doctor as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment. Occasionally, infection, stress fractures, and other non-tumor conditions can closely resemble ...

324

Isolation of a tumor factor responsible for angiogenesis  

E-print Network

Algire suggested that an attribute of tumor cells is their capacity to elicit continuously the growth of new capillary endothelium in vivo (1). Subsequently, Greene observed that tiny tumors implanted for more than a year in the anterior chamber of the guinea pig eye would not grow because they could not become vascularized (2). When these tumors were reimplanted in the muscle of a rabbit where they could become vascularized, they grew to a large size. The growth of tumors which have been implanted in any one of several different organs and maintained by a long-term perfusion stops when the tumor reaches a diameter of 3-4 mm (3). Further growth of tumor tissue in in vitro organ cultures cannot be sustained without neovascularization of the tumor (4). Neovascularization does not require direct contact by tumor cells since vessels have been elicited from the hamster cheek pottch by tumors contained in a Millipore filter (5, 6). Similar outgrowth of new blood vessels was observed by us when Millipore chambers containing cells of B-16 melanoma or Walker carcinoma were implanted into the dorsal air sac of rats. In the present communication, the isolation of a soluble factor from human and animal neoplasms which is mitogenic for capillary endothelium is described. This factor induces growth of new capillaries, and it is proposed that it is responsible for tumor angiogenesis. Materials and Methods Isolation of Tumor-Angiogenesis, Factor (TAF).l--Walker 256 ascites tumor was harvested from 21-day old Sprague-Dawley rats which had been injected with 2 X 106 tumor cells 4--5 days previously. About 5 ml of bloody aseites were removed aseptically from the exposed * This investigation was supported by U. S. Public Health Service Grants CA 08185-5-05,

Judah Folkman; Ezio Merler; Charles Abernathy; Anb Gretchen

1971-01-01

325

Infarction of lesser omental fat mimicking an exophytic pancreatic tumor by sonography.  

PubMed

We report a case of infarction of lesser omental fat in a 30-year-old woman who presented with epigastric pain. Sonography revealed a painful echogenic mass in the epigastrium that could not be separated from the adjacent hyperechoic pancreas and mimicked an exophytic pancreatic tumor. On CT, the mass was identified as an inflammatory lipomatous mass in the lesser sac, leading to the diagnosis of infarction of lesser omental fat. The patient was successfully treated conservatively. PMID:21449000

Kim, Hyun Cheol; Yang, Dal Mo; Jin, Wook; Joh, Jin Hyun

2011-09-01

326

PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS ON THE COST OF PRODUCING FINGERLINGS FROM CHANNEL CATFISH STOCKED AS SAC FRY OR AS HATCHERY-FED SWIM-UP FRY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Some producers stock channel catfish sac fry in nursery ponds as early as two days after hatching to reduce hatchery operating costs associated with the traditional practice of feeding swim-up fry for 7-10 days prior to stocking. This study was conducted to determine if stocking catfish sac fry two...

327

Diagnostic pitfall in the diagnosis of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma arising in the central nervous system.  

PubMed

Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a rare aggressive neoplasm typically affecting the bones of young adults. It may also arise in somatic soft tissue, the CNS and other organs. It has a characteristic biphasic histological pattern composed of highly undifferentiated small round cells and islands of well-differentiated hyaline cartilage. We report a case of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma arising from the right tentorium cerebelli in a 21-year-old woman with symptoms relating to mass effect. Histological examination demonstrated a purely small round cell appearance in a specimen obtained during partial resection at an outside institution, leading to an erroneous diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). The diagnosis of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma was made only after tissue obtained during a definitive complete macroscopic removal involving the regional tentorium cerebelli, transverse and sigmoid dural venous sinuses which showed a prominent cartilaginous component. We discuss the features of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma arising in the CNS, the important differential diagnoses of small round-cell tumors within the CNS, and the differentiating features of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma from Ewing sarcoma/PNET, medulloblastoma, hemangiopericytoma, monophasic synovial sarcoma and atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumour. PMID:21615516

Lin, Lisa; Varikatt, Winny; Dexter, Mark; Ng, Thomas

2012-02-01

328

Solutions Network Formulation Report. Reducing Light Pollution in U.S. Coastal Regions Using the High Sensitivity Cameras on the SAC-C and Aquarius/SAC-D Satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Light pollution has significant adverse biological effects on humans, animals, and plants and has resulted in the loss of our ability to view the stars and planets of the universe. Over half of the U.S. population resides in coastal regions where it is no longer possible to see the stars and planets in the night sky. Forty percent of the entire U.S. population is never exposed to conditions dark enough for their eyes to convert to night vision capabilities. In coastal regions, urban lights shine far out to sea where they are augmented by the output from fishing boat, cruise ship and oil platform floodlights. The proposed candidate solution suggests using HSCs (high sensitivity cameras) onboard the SAC-C and Aquarius/SAC-D satellites to quantitatively evaluate light pollution at high spatial resolution. New products modeled after pre-existing, radiance-calibrated, global nighttime lights products would be integrated into a modified Garstang model where elevation, mountain screening, Rayleigh scattering, Mie scattering by aerosols, and atmospheric extinction along light paths and curvature of the Earth would be taken into account. Because the spatial resolution of the HSCs on SAC-C and the future Aquarius/SAC-D missions is greater than that provided by the DMSP (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program) OLS (Operational Linescan System) or VIIRS (Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite), it may be possible to obtain more precise light intensity data for analytical DSSs and the subsequent reduction in coastal light pollution.

Andrews, Jane C.; Knowlton, Kelly

2007-01-01

329

Pediatric germ cell tumors presenting beyond childhood?  

PubMed

Four cases are reported meeting the criteria of a pediatric (i.e., Type I) testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT), apart from the age of presentation, which is beyond childhood. The tumors encompass the full spectrum of histologies of pediatric TGCT: teratoma, yolk sac tumor, and various combinations of the two, and lack intratubular germ cell neoplasia/carcinoma in situ in the adjacent parenchyma. The neoplasms are (near)diploid, and lack gain of 12p, typical for seminomas and non-seminomas of the testis of adolescents and adults (i.e., Type II). It is proposed that these neoplasms are therefore late appearing pediatric (Type I) TGCT. The present report broadens the concept of earlier reported benign teratomas of the post-pubertal testis to the full spectrum of pediatric TGCT. The possible wide age range of pediatric TGCT, demonstrated in this study, lends credence to the concept that TGCT should according to their pathogenesis be classified into the previously proposed types. This classification is clinically relevant, because Type I mature teratomas are benign tumors, which are candidates for testis conserving surgery, as opposed to Type II mature teratomas, which have to be treated as Type II (malignant) non-seminomas. PMID:25427839

Oosterhuis, J W; Stoop, J A; Rijlaarsdam, M A; Biermann, K; Smit, V T H B M; Hersmus, R; Looijenga, L H J

2015-01-01

330

Vorinostat and Bortezomib in Treating Young Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Solid Tumors, Including Central Nervous System Tumors and Lymphoma  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor; Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor; Childhood Craniopharyngioma; Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Medulloepithelioma; Childhood Meningioma; Childhood Mixed Glioma; Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Childhood Oligodendroglioma; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma; Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Malignant Germ Cell Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Pineoblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway Glioma; Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

2013-07-01

331

TUMOR VIRUSES  

E-print Network

It has been known for many years that infection of an experimental animal with one of a relatively small group of viruses somehow resulted in the appearance of gross tumors. Because of this and the known intimate relationships between the infecting virus and the functions of the cell it invades, many scientists have hypothesized that cancer in man may well be of viral etiology. Yet even today when the amount and sophistication of tumor virus research has markedly increased in recent years, it is not known how a virus transforms a normal cell to one having the properties of a tumor cell nor is there direct evidence that viruses cause cancer in man. However, in the last five years there has been a remarkable change in the experimental approach to the study of tumor viruses. Whereas most early investigations were limited to observations of biological phenomena at the whole animal-gross tumor level, now modern, virological, biochemical, and immunological methods are used to examine the quantitative interaction of tumor viruses with the single cell in the transforming event and to look for determining characteristics of the tumor virus particles, as such. This has been a logical development as techniques in these basic areas have been discovered and applied to other biological problems. Thus, although the final answers are still far from being achieved, we find that a number of basic factors of importance in viral oncogenesis have been defined in certain experimental virus-induced tumor systems. IMPORTANCE OF IN VITRO SYSTEMS FOR VIRUS TRANSFORMATION The chief reason that we are able to start formulating some tentative answers to the question of how a virus transforms a normal cell to a tumor cell is the development of tissue culture systems in which virus transformation occurs in vitro. The degree of control that these isolated systems

332

Comparative Study of Endolymphatic Sac Decompression and Vestibular Neurectomy in Intractable Meniere's Disease.  

PubMed

To comparative study the clinical effect of endolymphatic sac decompression (ELSD) and vestibular neurectomy (VN) in intractable Meniere's disease (MD). The study included 30 MD intractable patients, 21 of which underwent ELSD and nine of which were treated by VN via retrosigmoid approach. Follow-up period ranged from 3 to 6 years. In 21 patients by ELSD, excellent vertigo control and good control were noted in 11 patients (52.4 %) and 4 patients (19.0 %), partial control in 4 and no control in 2 patients. All the 9 patients by VN, vertigo was excellent control. ELSD can improve hearing and tinnitus, but VN not. VN can achieve much better effect in improving vertigo in intractable MD patients. But relative to ELSD, it has much more disadvantages. PMID:25621233

Liu, Yiqing; Han, Jie; Zhou, Xuanchen; Luan, Deheng; Xie, Fengyang; Gao, Kun

2015-03-01

333

[Regeneration of transgenic Lespedeza thunbergii expressing levansucrase gene (Sac B) from Bacillus subtilis].  

PubMed

The Bacillus subtilis Sac B gene with the vacuolar targeting signal sequence driven by 35S promotor was transferred into Lespedeza thunbergii by Agrobacterium mediated method. Total 62 Kan-resistant plants were obtained, of which 5 plants were proved to be transgenic plants. The transgenic plants were characterized by PCR amplification, PCR-Southern hybridization and RT-PCR. The physiological assay results showed that the transgenic plants were more tolerant to stress than the controls under the condition of 200mmol/L NaCl and 5% PEG, respectively, and that the content of soluble sugar in trnsgenic plants was significantly higher than that of controls in the period of tests (5-15 days) under salt and PEG stress. PMID:17168316

Du, Jin-You; Chen, Xiao-Yang; Zhang, Gui-Rong; Li, Wei; Hu, Dong-Nan; Hu, Zan-Min

2006-11-01

334

Small bowel perforation in a hernia sac after TVT placement at the time of colpocleisis.  

PubMed

Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) is commonly considered as the first line of treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with demonstrated efficacy and limited complications. An 82-year-old woman with complete uterine procidentia and SUI underwent a Le Forte colpocleisis, TVT, posterior repair, and cystoscopy. A 4-cm bulge was noted over the site of the left TVT incision on postoperative day 1. On postoperative day 3, she developed bilious vomiting with slight abdominal distention. Computed tomography scan showed a strangulated left inguinal hernia. An immediate exploratory laparotomy noted an inguinal hernia displaced medially with loops of small bowel in the hernia sac. Although properly positioned, one loop of bowel was perforated by the sling mesh. A small bowel resection was performed and the mesh trimmed below the resection on involved side. At 2 months postoperative visit, the patient was asymptomatic, denied stress or urge incontinence. Vaginal examination noted well-supported vaginal walls. PMID:19641837

Gurshumov, Emil L; Klapper, Allan S; Sierecki, Ava R

2010-03-01

335

Automatic measurement of early gestational sac diameters from one scan session  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gestational sac (GS) diameters are commonly measured by routine ultrasound in early pregnancy. However, manually searching for the standardized plane of GS (SPGS) and measuring the diameters are time-consuming. In this paper, we develop a three-stage automatic solution for this procedure. In order to precisely and efficiently locate the position of GS in each frame, a coarse to fine GS detection scheme based on AdaBoost algorithm is explored. Then, an efficient method based on local context information is introduced to reduce the false positives (FP) generated by the above detection process. Finally, a database (DB) guided spectral segmentation is proposed to separate GS region from the background for further diameters measurement. Experiments carried out on 31 videos show that by using the proposed methods, the number of SPGS searching error is only one, and the average measurement error is 0.059 for the length diameters and 0.083 for the depth diameters.

Zhang, Ling; Chen, Siping; Li, Shengli; Wang, Tianfu

2011-03-01

336

Pseudomyxoma peritonei in a hernia sac: analysis of 20 patients in whom mucoid fluid was found during a hernia repair  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction Pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome is a rare disease that causes extensive accumulation of non-invasive mucinous tumour and mucinous fluid throughout the abdomen and pelvis. The primary tumour is a perforated appendiceal adenoma or mucinous adenocarcinoma. In patients with an open processus vaginalis or other peritoneal defect, the adenomatous epithelial cells may accumulate within the hernia sac, causing mucoid fluid to

J. Esquivel; P. H. Sugarbaker

2001-01-01

337

sAC from aquatic organisms as a model to study the evolution of acid/base sensing.  

PubMed

Soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) is poised to play multiple physiological roles as an acid/base (A/B) sensor in aquatic organisms. Many of these roles are probably similar to those in mammals; a striking example is the evolutionary conservation of a mechanism involving sAC, carbonic anhydrase and vacuolar H?-ATPase that acts as a sensor system and regulator of extracellular A/B in shark gills and mammalian epididymis and kidney. Additionally, the aquatic environment presents unique A/B and physiological challenges; therefore, sACs from aquatic organisms have likely evolved distinct kinetic properties as well as distinct physiological roles. sACs from aquatic organisms offer an excellent opportunity for studying the evolution of A/B sensing at both the molecular and whole organism levels. Moreover, this information could help understand and predict organismal responses to environmental stress based on mechanistic models.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "The Role of Soluble Adenylyl Cyclase in Health and Disease," guest edited by J. Buck and L. R. Levin. PMID:24971688

Tresguerres, Martin

2014-12-01

338

Quantification of Cardiac Sac Network Effects on a Movement-Related Parameter of Pyloric Network Output in the Lobster  

E-print Network

Output in the Lobster JEFF B. THUMA AND SCOTT L. HOOPER Neuroscience Program, Department of Biological on a movement-related parameter of pyloric network output in the lobster. J Neurophysiol 89: 745­753, 2003; 10 of cardiac sac activity on the OSF of all pyloric neurons in the lobster, Panulirus interruptus

Hooper, Scott

339

Subcellular organization of the yolk syncytial-endoderm complex in the preimplantation yolk sac of the shark, Rhizoprionodon terraenovae  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structure of the yolk syncytial-endoderm complex of the preimplantation yolk sac of the shark is examined by light- and transmission electron microscopy. The yolk syncytium is bounded by a membrane that is anchored to the plasmalemma of adjacent endoderm cells by desmosomes. Enlarged nuclei, rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complexes, mitochondria, and other cellular organelles populate the syncytium. Microtubules and

William C. Hamlett; Frank J. Schwartz; Liberato J. A. DiDio

1987-01-01

340

Fate of the excluded abdominal aortic aneurysm sac: Long-term follow-up of 831 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Nonresective treatment of the infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm by proximal and distal ligation of the aneurysm sac (exclusion) combined with aortic bypass has been previously reported. A 10-year experience with 831 patients undergoing this procedure was reviewed.Methods: From 1984 to 1994, 831 (761 elective, 70 urgent) of 1103 patients being treated for abdominal aortic aneurysm underwent repair with the

Michael Resnikoff; R. Clement Darling; Benjamin B. Chang; William E. Lloyd; Philip S. K. Paty; Robert P. Leather; Dhiraj M. Shah

1996-01-01

341

Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology Sac-0601 prevents retinal vascular leakage in a mouse model of diabetic retinopathy  

E-print Network

of diabetic retinopathy Sony Maharjan a , Sujin Lee b , Vijayendra Agrawal a , Hyun-Jung Choi a , Yong Accepted 20 January 2011 Available online 4 February 2011 Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy Tight junction in diabetic retinopathy, causing retinal vascular leakage. Previously, we demonstrated the ability of Sac-0601

Suh, Young-Ger

342

An enhanced and automated approach for deriving a priori SAC-SMA parameters from the soil survey geographic database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an automated approach for processing the Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) Database and the National Land Cover Database (NLCD), and deriving gridded a priori parameters for the National Weather Service (NWS) Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting (SAC-SMA) model from these data sets. Our approach considerably extends methods previously used in the NWS and offers automated and geographically invariant ways of extracting soil information, interpreting soil texture, and spatially aggregating SAC-SMA parameters. The methodology is composed of four components. The first and second components are SSURGO and NLCD preprocessors. The third component is a parameter generator producing SAC-SMA parameters for each soil survey area on an approximately 30-m grid mesh. The last component is a postprocessor creating parameters for user-specified areas of interest on the Hydrologic Rainfall Analysis Project (HRAP) grid. Implemented in open-source software, this approach was employed by creating a set of SAC-SMA parameter and related soil property grids spanning 25 states, wherein it was shown to greatly reduce the derivation time and meanwhile yield results comparable to those based on the State Soil Geographic Database (STATSGO). The broad applicability of the methodologies and associated intermediate products to hydrologic modeling is discussed.

Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Ziya; Reed, Seann; Koren, Victor

2011-02-01

343

Combined anti-solvent and cooling method of manufacturing indomethacin-saccharin (IMC-SAC) co-crystal powders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The anti-solvent approach has been demonstrated as one potential industrial method to produce pharmaceutical co-crystal powders with high purity. In this study, we combined the anti-solvent method with cooling to maximize the yield of the solution-based co-crystallization between indomethacin (IMC) and saccharin (SAC). The cooling start time was the key process parameter; other parameters were fixed based on results of preliminary work. Highly pure IMC-SAC co-crystal powders were produced via the combined method, regardless of the cooling start time, and the yield was substantially enhanced. However, some material properties, such as crystallinity and particle size, were affected by the cooling start time; i.e., whether cooling was started before nucleation (pre-nucleation cooling) or after nucleation (post-nucleation cooling). When pre-nucleation cooling was applied, a greater degree of supersaturation led to nucleation of ?-IMC and IMC-SAC together. The metastable ?-IMC eventually transitioned to stable IMC-SAC co-crystal particles, followed by crystal growth. When post-nucleation cooling was applied, the transient ?-IMC was not detected during the entire process.

Chun, Nan-Hee; Lee, Min-Jeong; Song, Geon-Hyung; Chang, Kwan-Young; Kim, Chang-Sam; Choi, Guang J.

2014-12-01

344

A Demonstration of the System Assessment Capability (SAC) Rev. 1 Software for the Hanford Remediation Assessment Project  

SciTech Connect

The System Assessment Capability (SAC) is a suite of interrelated computer codes that provides the capability to conduct large-scale environmental assessments on the Hanford Site. Developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the Department of Energy, SAC models the fate and transport of radioactive and chemical contaminants, starting with the inventory of those contaminants in waste sites, simulating transport through the environment, and continuing on through impacts to the environment and humans. Separate modules in the SAC address inventory, release from waste forms, water flow and mass transport in the vadose zone, water flow and mass transport in the groundwater, water flow and mass transport in the Columbia River, air transport, and human and ecological impacts. The SAC supports deterministic analyses as well as stochastic analyses using a Monte Carlo approach, enabling SAC users to examine the effect of uncertainties in a number of key parameters. The initial assessment performed with the SAC software identified a number of areas where both the software and the analysis approach could be improved. Since that time the following six major software upgrades have been made: (1) An air pathway model was added to support all-pathway analyses. (2) Models for releases from glass waste forms, buried graphite reactor cores, and buried naval reactor compartments were added. (3) An air-water dual-phase model was added to more accurately track the movement of volatile contaminants in the vadose zone. (4) The ability to run analyses was extended from 1,000 years to 10,000 years or longer after site closure. (5) The vadose zone flow and transport model was upgraded to support two-dimensional or three-dimensional analyses. (6) The ecological model and human risk models were upgraded so the concentrations of contaminants in food products consumed by humans are produced by the ecological model. This report documents the functions in the SAC software and provides a number of example applications for Hanford problems. References to theory documents and user guides are provided as well as links to a number of published data sets that support running analyses of interest to Hanford cleanup efforts.

Eslinger, Paul W.; Kincaid, Charles T.; Nichols, William E.; Wurstner, Signe K.

2006-11-06

345

Childhood tumors.  

PubMed

Pediatric solid tumors represent a distinct set of malignancies of embryonal origin whose incidence peaks in the first years of life. Specific genetic anomalies with pathogenic significance, which have helped to define the diagnosis better and to improve the prognosis of children with these tumors, recently have been discovered. Survival of children with solid tumors also has improved significantly because of effective multidisciplinary care, which, in this case, always involves chemotherapy and surgery. These favorable results require that children with these diseases are referred and treated at institutions that have multidisciplinary teams and the infrastructure and expertise for caring for these children. Diagnostic and therapeutic principles for the most common childhood solid tumors are discussed in this article, with an emphasis on surgical procedures. PMID:10836015

Herrera, J M; Krebs, A; Harris, P; Barriga, F

2000-04-01

346

Pituitary tumor  

MedlinePLUS

... pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth in the pituitary gland. This is the part of the brain that ... are never diagnosed during the person's lifetime. The pituitary gland is a pea-sized endocrine gland located at ...

347

Tumor Markers  

MedlinePLUS

... Understanding Your Diagnosis » Exams and Test Descriptions » Tumor Markers Share this Page Close Push escape to close ... To Treatment Online Support Communities WhatNext ACS Events Making Strides Against Breast Cancer Walks Coaches vs. Cancer ...

348

Brain Tumors  

MedlinePLUS

... brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly. Some are primary brain ... targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. Many people get ...

349

Tumor Types  

MedlinePLUS

... and how the cells behave, from the least aggressive (benign) to the most aggressive (malignant). Some tumor types are assigned a grade, ... four distinct genetic subtypes that respond differently to aggressive therapies, making treatment extremely difficult and challenging. Parallel ...

350

Ear Tumors  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources for Help and Information The One-Page Merck Manual of Health Medical Terms Conversion Tables Manuals available ... Perichondritis Dermatitis of the Ear Canal Ear Tumors Merck Manual > Patients & Caregivers > Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders > Outer ...

351

Imaging spectrum of gastrointestinal stromal tumor.  

PubMed

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) were first described by Clark and Mazur in 1983 for smooth muscle neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract differentiating them from leiomyoma, leiomyosarcomas and neurogenic tumors. GISTs can arise from the bowel, peritoneum, omentum or retroperitoneum. This article reviews the computed tomography imaging features of primary GISTs, response to treatment and highlights data on predicting the outcome to chemotherapeutic drugs on imaging. PMID:25197176

Sureka, Binit; Mittal, Mahesh Kumar; Mittal, Aliza; Sinha, Mukul; Thukral, Brij Bhushan

2014-04-01

352

Solitary fibrous tumor of the intrathoracic goiter  

PubMed Central

Solitary Fibrous Tumors (SFTs) are rare primary pleural neoplasms which have recently been reported in extra-thoracic sites. In this report, solitary fibrous tumor arising in an intra-thoracic goiter with no evidence of cervical mass in a 74-year-old obese man who was found to have a large superior mediastinal mass with tracheal deviation on Chest X-Ray is presented. PMID:25405117

Vaziri, Mohammad; Molanaei, Saadat; Tamannaei, Zeinab

2014-01-01

353

Orbital solitary fibrous tumor with aggressive behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell tumor that arises most often in the visceral pleura; however, a review of the literature shows at least 31 cases occurring in the orbit. Methods.A retrospective case series of three patients with orbital SFT: a 50-year-old man, observed in 1997, with an angioma-like lesion in the upper half of the orbit

Ennio Polito; Gian Marco Tosi; Paolo Toti; Karin Schürfeld; Aldo Caporossi

2002-01-01

354

Cell Tumor  

E-print Network

Background: Intra-abdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumor is a rare malignancy with a predilection for young males. Unique histological and immunocytochemicalfeatures distinguish the tumor from other members of the family of small round cell tumors of infancy and childhood. The aggressive nature of tumor spread, relative insensitivity to chemotherapy, and generally incomplete resectability result in a very poor prognosis. The authors report a case of a 39-year-old man with diffuse abdominal and pelvic involvement of intra-abdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumor treated with aggressive chemotherapy and surgery. Methods: Computed-tomography (CT)-guided biopsy of an omental mass was performed. Histologically, discrete nests of uniform closely packed malignant cells were distributed in a background offocally desmoplastic stroma. Immunocytochemistry demonstrated positivityfor epithelial, mesenchymal, and neural markers. On the basis of these unique histological and immunohistochemical characteristics, the diagnosis of desmoplastic small round cell tumor was made. The patient was treated with aggressive neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of a high-dose alkylator-based combination regimen, followed by surgery. Results: The patient had a 10 to 15 percent regression in tumor mass in response to chemotherapy. Laparotomy revealed two large omental masses, another large mass adherent to the left colon and pelvic sidewall, and diaphragmatic, peritoneal and mesenteric studding with small nodules. Complete surgical resection was not possible. Conclusions: Intra-abdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumor remains an aggressive malignancy with an extremely poor prognosis. Although some response to chemotherapy may be possible, complete resection is rare, and surgical efforts are general palliative.

355

TUMOR PLUS  

E-print Network

Irradiation is one of the most widely used methods in the treatment of malignant tumors, and yet the exact action of the rays is not known. The assumption has been prevalent in the past that the good results from irradiation are due to destruction of the malignant cells per se, but there are indications that the effect of the rays on the tumor bed is equally as important.2 3 8 In a previous investigation8 it was shown that when a malignant breast carcinoma was transplanted into a tumor-resistant strain of mice and irradiated, the percentage of cures was higher and the fibrous tissue stroma response was heavier than when the same tumor was transplanted into a tumor-susceptible strain and irradiated. Other investigations4 ' 5 ' ' ' have shown that when animals bearing malignant tumors are treated with bacterial toxins extensive hemorihage into the tumors occurs and is sometimes followed by their regression. This phenomenon is explained on the basis of vascular fragility which makes the rapidly growing tumor susceptible to the injected toxin. The present work was undertaken to study the effect of combining bacterial toxins and x-ray irradiation in the treatment of a transplantable mammary carcinoma in mice. Methods and results A theelin-induced carcinoma ' was transplanted into Strain A mice and observed with the same experimental methods as were described in the previous report,8 except for the addition of the bacterial toxins and the use of only a single dose of x-ray, namely, 2500 r. One group of mice was saved for controls; another group received only the toxins; a third group was irradiated; and a fourth group received both irradiation and toxin. The animals in the pres-

356

Brain tumors.  

PubMed

The past 2 decades have witnessed a revolution in the management of childhood brain tumors, with the establishment of multidisciplinary teams and national and international consortiums that led to significant improvements in the outcomes of children with brain tumors. Unprecedented cooperation within the pediatric neuro-oncology community and sophisticated rapidly evolving technology have led to advances that are likely to revolutionize treatment strategies and improve outcomes. PMID:25435118

Chintagumpala, Murali; Gajjar, Amar

2015-02-01

357

Ependymal Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ependymomas represent a heterogeneous group of glial tumors whose biological behavior depends on various histological, molecular,\\u000a and clinical variables. The scope of this chapter is to review the clinical and histo-logical features as well as the molecular\\u000a genetics of ependymomas with special emphasis on their influence on tumor recurrence and prognosis. Furthermore, potential\\u000a molecular targets for therapy are outlined.

Martin Hasselblatt

358

Ovarian malignant mixed germ cell tumor with clear cell carcinoma in a postmenopausal woman  

PubMed Central

Malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary are very rare and account for about 2-5% of all ovarian tumors of germ origin. Most patients are adolescent and young women, approximately two-thirds of them are under 20 years of age, occasionally in postmenopausal women. But clear cell carcinoma usually occurs in older patients (median age: 57-year old), and closely related with endometriosis. Here we report a case of a 55-year old woman with right ovarian mass that discovered by B ultrasonic. Her serum levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and ?-fetoprotein (AFP) were elevated. Pathological examination revealed the tumor to be a mixed germ cell tumor (yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma and mature teratoma) with clear cell carcinoma in a background of endometriosis. Immunohistochemical staining showed SALL4 and PLAP were positive in germ cell tumor area, hCG, CD30 and OCT4 were positive in epithelial-like cells and giant synctiotrophoblastic cells, AFP, AAT, CD117 and Glyp3 were positive in yolk sac component, EMA and CK7 were positive in clear cell carcinoma, CD10 was positive in endometrial cells of endometriotic area. She was treated with surgery followed by seven courses of chemotherapy. She is well and serum levels of hCG and AFP have been decreased to normal levels. PMID:25674278

Yu, Xiu-Jie; Zhang, Lin; Liu, Zai-Ping; Shi, Yi-Quan; Liu, Yi-Xin

2014-01-01

359

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Arising in a Testicular Teratoma and Presenting as Sister Mary Joseph Nodule  

PubMed Central

The most common somatic type malignancy arising in patients with testicular germ cell tumors (GCTs) is sarcoma. Development of carcinomas, especially squamous cell carcinoma is an extremely rare event. Most cases of metastatic umbilical nodules (Sister Mary Joseph nodule) develop from adenocarcinomas. Fifteen percent of such cases have unknown origin; but development from a testicular squamous cell carcinoma has not yet been reported in the literature. We report a rare case of somatic type squamous cell carcinoma arising in a testicular teratoma. It is also possibly the first reported case of its kind which presented with a metastatic umbilical nodule. This possibility should be kept in mind while evaluating metastatic umbilical nodules in young male patients. PMID:22413055

Khan, Kalyan; Bagchi, Dibakar

2011-01-01

360

Gastric Cancer Arising from an Upside-Down Stomach through a Paraesophageal Hiatal Hernia.  

PubMed

We report the rare case of an elderly patient with an advanced gastric cancer arising from an upside-down stomach through a paraesophageal hiatal hernia (PEH). An 82-year-old man presented with appetite loss and anemia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 1 tumor located in the middle body of the stomach. An upper gastrointestinal series and computed tomography showed organoaxial rotation of the stomach, which was located in the mediastinum, through a PEH, indicating an upside-down stomach. The preoperative diagnosis was gastric cancer arising from an upside-down stomach through a PEH. The patient underwent total gastrectomy with lymph node dissection and closure of the hernial orifice. Although a large PEH is a chronic disorder, gastric malignancies should be considered in patients with PEH manifested as an upside-down stomach due to its anatomical characteristics, and careful preoperative diagnosis is mandatory. PMID:24761138

Mimatsu, Kenji; Kano, Hisao; Oida, Takatsugu; Kawasaki, Atsushi; Fukino, Nobutada; Kida, Kazutoshi; Kuboi, Youichi; Amano, Sadao

2014-01-01

361

The Relevance of Rodent-Specific Tumors in Cancer Risk Assessment  

EPA Science Inventory

Laboratory animal species have organs that do not specifically occur in humans and somtimes tumors arise in these organs. The lack of direct site concordance frequently results in significant debate on the human relevance of tumors that arise from rodent specific organs. The re...

362

Brain and Spinal Tumors  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Brain and Spinal Tumors Information Page Synonym(s): Spinal Cord Tumors Condensed from Brain and Spinal Tumors: Hope Through ... Trials Organizations Additional resources from MedlinePlus What are Brain and Spinal Tumors? Brain and spinal cord tumors ...

363

Understanding Brain Tumors  

MedlinePLUS

... to Know About Brain Tumors . What is a Brain Tumor? A brain tumor is an abnormal growth? ... Tumors” from Frankly Speaking Frankly Speaking About Cancer: Brain Tumors Download the full book Questions to ask ...

364

Molecular imaging of neuroendocrine tumors.  

PubMed

Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from neuroendocrine cells. These tumors may arise from various organs, including lung, thymus, thyroid, stomach, duodenum, small bowel, large bowel, appendix, pancreas, adrenal, and skin. Most are well differentiated and have the ability to produce biogenic amines and various hormones. NET usually occur sporadically but they also be associated with various familial syndromes. For the vast majority of NET, surgical resection is the treatment of choice whenever feasible. Localization of NET prior to surgery and for staging and follow-up relies on both anatomic and functional imaging modalities. In fact, the unique secretory characteristics of these tumors lend themselves to imaging by molecular imaging modalities, which can target specific metabolic pathways or receptors. Neuroendocrine cells have a variety of such target receptors and pathways for which radiopharmaceuticals have been developed, including [(123)I/(131)I]-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), [(111)In]pentetreotide, [(68)Ga] somatostatin analogs, [(18)F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), [(11)C/(18)F] dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), [(11)C] 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) (99m)Tc pentavalent dimercaptosuccinic acid ([(99m)Tc] (V) DMSA, and [(18)F] fluorodopamine (FDA). Here, we review the molecular imaging approaches for NET using various radiopharmaceuticals. PMID:21167384

Carrasquillo, Jorge A; Chen, Clara C

2010-12-01

365

The Plant Cell, Vol. 11, 11791190, June 1999, www.plantcell.org 1999 American Society of Plant Physiologists Sac3, an Snf1-like Serine/Threonine Kinase That Positively and  

E-print Network

Physiologists Sac3, an Snf1-like Serine/Threonine Kinase That Positively and Negatively Regulates the Responses acid sequence of the Sac3 gene product is similar to the catalytic domain of the yeast Snf1 family of serine/threonine kinases and is therefore classified as a Snf1-related kinase (SnRK). Specifically, Sac3

366

Epilepsy associated tumors: Review article  

PubMed Central

Long-term epilepsy associated tumors (LEAT) represent a well known cause of focal epilepsies. Glioneuronal tumors are the most frequent histological type consisting of a mixture of glial and neuronal elements and most commonly arising in the temporal lobe. Cortical dysplasia or other neuronal migration abnormalities often coexist. Epilepsy associated with LEAT is generally poorly controlled by antiepileptic drugs while, on the other hand, it is high responsive to surgical treatment. However the best management strategy of tumor-related focal epilepsies remains controversial representing a contemporary issues in epilepsy surgery. Temporo-mesial LEAT have a widespread epileptic network with complex epileptogenic mechanisms. By using an epilepsy surgery oriented strategy LEAT may have an excellent seizure outcome therefore surgical treatment should be offered early, irrespective of pharmacoresistance, avoiding both the consequences of uncontrolled seizures as well as the side effects of prolonged pharmacological therapy and the rare risk of malignant transformation. PMID:25405186

Giulioni, Marco; Marucci, Gianluca; Martinoni, Matteo; Marliani, Anna Federica; Toni, Francesco; Bartiromo, Fiorina; Volpi, Lilia; Riguzzi, Patrizia; Bisulli, Francesca; Naldi, Ilaria; Michelucci, Roberto; Baruzzi, Agostino; Tinuper, Paolo; Rubboli, Guido

2014-01-01

367

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.  

PubMed

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are rare soft tissue sarcomas of ectomesenchymal origin. The World Health Organization coined the term MPNST to replace previous heterogeneous and often confusing terminology, such as "malignant schwannoma," "malignant neurilemmoma," "neurogenic sarcoma," and "neurofibrosarcoma." Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors arise from major or minor peripheral nerve branches or sheaths of peripheral nerve fibers, and are derived from Schwann cells or pluripotent cells of neural crest origin. The Schwann cell is thought to be the major contributor to the formation of benign as well as malignant neoplasms of the nerve sheath. While this fact remains essentially true, the identity of cell of origin of the MPNST remains elusive, and has not yet been conclusively identified. It has been suggested that these tumors may have multiple cell line origins. In this review, the authors discuss the epidemiology, diagnosis, management, and treatment of MPNSTs. PMID:17613203

Gupta, Gaurav; Maniker, Allen

2007-01-01

368

Large synovial osteochondromatosis arising from the interphalangeal joint of the thumb: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

A 38-year-old woman presented with a very large synovial chondromatosis arising from the interphalangeal joint of the thumb. The tumor surrounded the interphalangeal joint and its size was approximately 3 cm. The range of motion was almost fused. Plain radiographs showed an extra-osseous tumor shadow with calcifications. The patient had no local recurrence at one year of follow-up after marginal resection of the tumor and synovectomy. Because this case showed no osteoarthritic changes, it can be classified as primary synovial chondromatosis with a tumor-like nature. Based on the clinical course and pathological report, our synovial chondromatosis case can be classified as Milgram stage 3. Our case report is unique in three respects: i) origin from the interphalangeal joint of the thumb, ii) a single lump of mass and iii) extremely large size. To our knowledge, a similar type of synovial chondromatosis has not been previously reported in the English literature. PMID:24511055

Muramatsu, Keiichi; Hashimoto, Takahiro; Tominaga, Yasuhiro; Taguchi, Toshihiko

2014-02-01

369

Colorectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor.  

PubMed

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal neoplasm arising in the digestive tract, with an estimated prevalence of 15-20 per 1,000,000. GISTs are related to the interstitial cells of Cajal and are characterized by constitutive over-expression of the transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor KIT. This is produced by a patognomonic mutation of the proto-oncogene c-kit that occurs in up to 90% of cases. Exon 11 is affected most frequently; exons 9 and 13 are less commonly involved. One-third of GISTs lacking KIT mutations exhibits alternative activating mutations in the PDGFR? gene. Colorectal GISTs represent about 5-10% of the cases, mainly located in the rectum that is the third common site. Benign GISTs are more common, but many tumors are of uncertain malignant potential; tumor size and rate of mitosis are still the most reliable criteria for assessing the risk of an aggressive behavior. Surgery is the first-line treatment for resectable non-metastatic colorectal GIST. Standard oncologic resection is inappropriate because skip metastases and lymphatic spread are rarely reported. Segmental colectomy with negative margins is recommended, and local excision is oncologically adequate in highly selected rectal tumors. Radical surgery alone is not always curative especially in high-risk GISTs, and half of patients develops local recurrences or distant metastases after R0 operation. Medical therapeutic strategies have rapidly evolved after the introduction of targeted molecular therapy. Efficacy and safety of imatinib mesylate was first demonstrated in patients with metastatic and unresectable disease. Adjuvant and neoadjuvant use of imatinib are promising therapeutic options to improve the outcome of surgery to downstage unresectable lesions and to allow less extensive resections. PMID:20967481

Amato, A

2010-11-01

370

Oligodendroglial tumors.  

PubMed

Oligodendroglial tumors are relatively rare, comprising approximately 5% of all glial neoplasms. Oligodendroglial tumor patients have a better prognosis than those with astrocytic neoplasms, and patients with tumors that contain 1p/19q co-deletions or IDH-1 mutations appear to be particularly sensitive to treatment. In the past decade, scientists have made significant progress in the unraveling the molecular events that relate to the pathogenesis of these neoplasms. There is considerable excitement resulting from the recent reports from two large phase III randomized trials (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] 26951 and Radiation Therapy Oncology Group [RTOG] 9402), which disclosed that patients with newly diagnosed 1p/19q co-deleted anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors have a 7+year increase in median overall survival following chemoradiation, as compared to radiation alone. This has stimulated a renewed interest in the development of new therapeutic strategies for treatment and potential cure of oligodendroglial tumors, based on an improved scientific understanding of the molecular events involved in the pathogenesis of these neoplasms. The goal of this document is to summarize the key translational developments and recent clinical therapeutic trial data, with a correlative perspective on current and future directions. PMID:25173140

Jaeckle, Kurt A

2014-08-01

371

Testicular and paratesticular tumors and tumor-like lesions in the first 2 decades.  

PubMed

The spectrum of testicular tumors and tumor-like lesions that affect young patients (defined for purposes of this article as less than 20 years old) differs significantly from that in an older age group. Although germ cell tumors remain the single largest category, they are a smaller proportion than in adults. Furthermore the pathogenesis and behavior of comparably named germ cell tumors differ depending on whether or not they have developed in prepubertal or postpubertal patients. This is most apparent for the teratomas, which are almost uniformly benign in children but, with some notable exceptions, malignant in the older patients. But even the most common malignant tumor of the testis in children, the yolk sac tumor, despite its identical morphology, lacks the association with other germ cell tumor types, including intratubular germ cell neoplasia, and more aggressive behavior that typify the adult tumors. Among the sex cord-stromal tumors, the juvenile granulosa cell tumor predominates in children, mostly occurs in those under 1-year old, and, for all intents and purposes, is not seen in the postpubertal period. It has a distinctive morphology and, to date, a uniformly benign outcome. There are additional tumors in the sex cord-stromal group that are mostly seen in young patients, including the large cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor and intratubular large cell hyalinizing Sertoli cell neoplasia. The former is sometimes associated with the Carney syndrome and, to date, all of the latter with the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. The subtypes of lymphomas and leukemias that involve the testis in children are rare in older patients, and similar remarks pertain to the metastatic tumors, where neuroblastoma (especially) and Wilms? tumor are most common but may be mimicked by primary tumors originating in the paratestis. The pseudoneoplastic lesion, the testicular "tumor" of the adrenogenital syndrome, is usually found in young patients and bears a strong resemblance to the Leydig cell tumor, although there are features that allow its distinction, which is important given its frequently bilateral nature and amenability to medical management through glucocorticoid administration. One of the preferential sites for embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is the paratestis of young patients, where the spindle cell variant predominates. The melanotic neuroectodermal tumor (retinal anlage tumor) usually occurs in the first year of life, typically involves the epididymis, and uncommonly metastasizes. Occasional cases of the desmoplastic small round cell tumor present in the paratestis of teenagers, and some distinctive tumor-like lesions of the paratestis may also be seen, including meconium periorchitis and splenic-gonadal fusion (occupying both testis and paratestis). These tumors and tumor-like lesions and many others are discussed in this review with the hope it will provide the diagnostic pathologist aid in recognizing the lesions and providing some insight into their clinical significance. PMID:25440720

Ulbright, Thomas M; Young, Robert H

2014-09-01

372

Relative investment in egg load and poison sac in fig wasps: Implications for physiological mechanisms underlying seed and wasp production in figs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fig pollinating wasps and most non-pollinator wasps apply secretions from their poison sacs into oviposited flowers that appear necessary to the formation of the galls that their developing offspring consume. Thus, both eggs and poison sac secretions appear to be essential for wasp reproduction, but the relative investment in each is unknown. We measured relative investment in poison sac and egg production in pollinating and non-pollinating wasps associated with seven species of monoecious Panamanian figs representing both active and passive pollination syndromes. We then collected similar data for four fig hosts in China, where some wasp species in the genus Eupristina have lost the ability to pollinate ("cheaters"). All wasps examined possessed large poison sacs, and we found a strong positive correlation between poison sac size and absolute egg production. In the Panamanian species, the relative poison sac to egg investment was highest in the externally ovipositing non-pollinator wasps, followed by active pollinators, then by passive pollinators. Further, pollinator wasps of fig species with demonstrated host sanctions against "cheating" wasps showed higher investment in the poison sac than wasps of species without sanctions. In the Chinese samples, relative investment in the poison sac was indistinguishable between pollinators and "cheaters" associated with the same fig species. We suggest that higher relative investment in poison sac across fig wasp species reflects higher relative difficulty in initiating formation of galls and subsequently obtaining resources from the fig. We discuss the implications for the stability of the fig-wasp mutualism, and for the ability of non-pollinators to exploit this mutualism.

Martinson, Ellen O.; Jandér, K. Charlotte; Peng, Yan-Qiong; Chen, Huan-Huan; Machado, Carlos A.; Arnold, A. Elizabeth; Herre, Edward Allen

2014-05-01

373

Cancer stem cells in solid tumors: elusive or illusive?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past years in vivo transplantation experiments and in vitro colony-forming assays indicated that tumors arise only from rare cells. These cells were shown to bear self-renewal capacities and the ability to recapitulate all cell types within an individual tumor. Due to their phenotypic resemblance to normal stem cells, the term \\

Yvonne Welte; James Adjaye; Hans R Lehrach; Christian RA Regenbrecht

2010-01-01

374

Atypical smooth muscle tumor of the vagina--a pediatric case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Vaginal tumors in children are uncommon. This report describes the rare case of an atypical smooth muscle tumor arising from the vagina in a pediatric patient managed with tumor resection, vaginal reconstruction, and continent urinary diversion. We also discuss a review of the literature and a brief report detailing our experience with pediatric vaginal tumors. PMID:23701791

Crowley, Helena M; Mohamed, Ahmad; Baker, Peter; Jayanthi, Venkata R; Ranalli, Mark; Aldrink, Jennifer H

2013-05-01

375

IMAGING DIAGNOSIS-USE OF RADIOGRAPHY AND COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF A MINERALIZED YOLK SAC IN A BROWN KIWI (APTERYX MANTELLI).  

PubMed

A 12-day-old Brown Kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) was presented with anorexia, torticollis, head-tilt, and coelomic distension. Radiographs showed an ill-defined, fat-opaque, coelomic mass displacing viscera craniodorsally. Curvilinear mineral opacities were superimposed over the ventral aspect of the mass. Computed tomography demonstrated the presence of mineral within the periphery of a fat attenuating mass consistent with a retained yolk sac. A deutectomy (yolk sac excision) was performed. Histopathology of the excised tissue confirmed the diagnosis of a retained yolk sac with multifocal mineralization. PMID:25199884

Wightman, Paul; Cohen, Eli B; Hunter, Stuart; Gartrell, Brett

2014-09-01

376

32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

2011-07-01

377

32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

2012-07-01

378

32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

2014-07-01

379

32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

2013-07-01

380

32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

2010-07-01

381

Asynchronous parallel solvers for linear systems arising in computational engineering  

E-print Network

Asynchronous parallel solvers for linear systems arising in computational engineering Peter K trends in Computational Science and Engineering are moving towards the use of computer systems with ever these challenges in the context of the solution of large systems of algebraic equations arising from

Jimack, Peter

382

Relationships between TGF? Proteins and Oxygen Concentrations Inside the First Trimester Human Gestational Sac  

PubMed Central

In early pregnancy, the O2 gradient between the maternal circulation and the gestational sac tissues modulates trophoblast biological functions. The aim was to evaluate if placental partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) modulates in vivo synthesis of specific placental proteins inside the first trimester gestational sac. Matched samples of peripheral venous blood, blood from the placental bed (PB), coelomic fluid (CF) and placental tissue were obtained in 37 normal pregnancies at 6–12 weeks gestation. PaO2 was measured in PB and CF using an IRMA blood gas monitor. Inhibin A, activin A, sEng, PlGF, sFlt-1 and free VEGF concentrations were measured in all samples. HSP 70 was measured in placental extracts. ANOVA showed ?60% increase in PB PaO2 (P?=?0.02) between after 10 weeks gestation. Unpaired Student's T-test between two groups (6–9 weeks vs 9–12 weeks) shows a significant increase in MS Activin A (P?=?0.001), CF activin A (P<0.001), MS P1GF (P?=?0.001), CF PlGF (P<0.001), MS sFLT-1 (P?=?0.03), CF sFLT-1 (P?=?0.01), HSP 70 in placental extracts (P?=?0.04) and a significant decrease in PB inhibin A levels (P<0.001) and PB sFLT-1 (P?=?0.02) . Multiple correlation analysis showed a significant negative correlation between PB inhibin A levels and gestation (r?=??0.45, P<0.05) and PB PaO2 (r?=??0.5, P?=?0.008) and also between sFLT-1 and PB PaO2 (P?=?0.03). There was a positive correlation (P<0.01) between PlGF, sEng and VEGF levels in the placental extracts. Our results indicate a direct relationship in the early intrauterine PaO2 in vivo and inhibin A and sFLT-1 concentrations confirming our hypothesis that specific placental proteins are regulated by intrauterine O2 tension. PMID:18523681

Muttukrishna, Shanthi; Suri, Sangeeta; Groome, Nigel; Jauniaux, Eric

2008-01-01

383

Tricuspid valve obstruction and right heart failure due to a giant right atrial myxoma arising from the superior vena cava.  

PubMed

Myxomas are the most common primary cardiac tumors. The cardiac myxomas are mostly diagnosed within the atria, and only a few such tumors are reported to have arisen from atrioventricular valves or pulmonary vessels. The authors here present a case of 59-year-old Chinese woman who was hospitalized for exacerbating symptoms of tricuspid stenosis and right heart failure. Echocardiography revealed a giant right atrial myxoma arising from an extremely rare site, the anterior wall of the superior vena cava. With the aid of transesophageal echocardiography, the surgical resection was performed successfully with the patient achieving complete recovery. PMID:24172033

Xiao, Zheng-hua; Hu, Jia; Zhu, Da; Shi, Ying-kang; Zhang, Er-yong

2013-01-01

384

Abdominal and pelvic tumors with musculoskeletal histology.  

PubMed

This article is a case-based review of the broad spectrum of tumors with musculoskeletal histology that can arise in the abdomen or pelvis and involve the soft tissues, muscle, and bone. In this article, pathology-proven cases are presented with a focus on radiographic, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography-computed tomography findings. The imaging features that differentiate tumors with musculoskeletal histology from more common abdominal tumors are discussed. Representative cases include malignant fibrous histiocytoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, desmoplastic fibroma, neurofibrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, intimal sarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, teratoma, and chordoma. A variety of tumors with musculoskeletal histology can arise in the abdomen and pelvis. In some cases, unique imaging characteristics allow a confident diagnosis, whereas other cases have a more nonspecific appearance. Recognition of imaging features that suggest a musculoskeletal tumor including direct extension from a bone or neural foramen, the presence of cartilaginous or osseous matrix, or macroscopic fat would allow the radiologist to suggest the proper diagnosis. Recognizing imaging characteristics of tumors with musculoskeletal histology is important clinically as management and prognosis differ from that of more common abdominal tumors. PMID:24629660

Dyrstad, Sara W; Fowler, Amy M; Jokerst, Clint E; Baker, Jonathan C; Hillen, Travis J; Menias, Christine

2014-01-01

385

[Temporomandibular joint primitive tumors and pseudo tumors].  

PubMed

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be the site of bone, cartilaginous, or synovial tumors. There is no well-defined histological classification. We listed all benign tumors, malignant primitive tumors, and rare pseudo tumors of the TMJ. We provide a list to help for the diagnosis and the differential diagnosis of non-tumoral lesions by far the most frequent. PMID:23711211

Oukabli, M; Chibani, M; Ennouali, H; Hemmaoui, B; Albouzidi, A

2013-02-01

386

A Case of Chondrosarcoma Arising in the Temporomandibular Joint  

PubMed Central

Chondrosarcoma is a malignant tumor originating in cartilaginous cells. And there are only few reports of the case of chondrosarcoma in temporomandibular joint. We discuss a case of chondrosarcoma in temporomandibular joint in a 28-year-old man. Tumor was in contact with the dura, but en bloc resection was performed. After surgical resection of the tumor, face defect was reconstructed by rectus abdominis-free flap. And there is no recurrence after ten years from the resection. PMID:25688316

Shingaki, Susumu; Saito, Chikara

2015-01-01

387

Prognosis of Minimally Invasive Carcinoma Arising in Mucinous Cystic Neoplasms of the Pancreas  

PubMed Central

While patients with surgically resected non-invasive mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) of the pancreas are cured, the behavior of surgically resected minimally invasive adenocarcinomas arising in MCN has not been well established. We report 16 surgically resected MCNs with minimal invasion defined as unifocal or multifocal microscopic invasive adenocarcinoma confined to the ovarian stroma of the MCN without capsular or pancreatic parenchymal invasion. Pathological findings were correlated with patient demographics, type of surgery, and long-term follow-up. Our study included 15 females and 1 male ranging in age from 25–66 years. The patients were followed for a mean of 48.6 months (range 12–148 months). The MCNs ranged in size from 3.5–25 cm and were all located in the body/tail of the gland. Lymphovascular invasion was not identified in any of the cases and all lymph nodes were negative for tumor. Ten neoplasms had unifocal invasion, while 6 had multifocal invasion. Twelve of the neoplasms were partially submitted for microscopic examination while 4 were submitted entirely. Only one of the 16 minimally invasive MCNs recurred, and that tumor had been minimally sampled pathologically. Our study demonstrates that the majority of patients with minimally invasive adenocarcinoma arising in MCN are cured by surgery, particularly if the neoplasms are completely examined histologically. PMID:23388125

Lewis, Gloria H.; Wang, Huamin; Bellizzi, Andrew M.; Klein, Alison P.; Askin, Frederic B.; Schwartz, Lauren Ende; Schulick, Richard D.; Wolfgang, Christopher L.; Cameron, John L.; O’Reilly, Eileen M.; Yu, Kenneth H.; Hruban, Ralph H.

2012-01-01

388

Melanotic schwannoma arising in association with nevus of Ota: 2 cases suggesting a shared mechanism.  

PubMed

Melanotic schwannoma is a rare markedly pigmented peripheral nerve sheath tumor comprising cells with prominent melanization and schwannian features. The psammomatous variety is associated with Carney complex, a multiple neoplasia syndrome with spotty skin pigmentation. We present the first 2 reported cases of melanotic schwannoma arising in patients with a history of nevus of Ota, a rare dermal melanosis believed to represent a failure of melanocyte migration to the epidermis during embryogenesis. Case 1 involves a 40-year-old woman with a 1.8-cm, deeply pigmented, trigeminal nerve mass and pigmentation of the maxillary sinus mucosa and bone. Case 2 involves a 53-year-old woman with a 1.5-cm mass adjacent to the clavicle. Microscopically, both masses consist of partially encapsulated epithelioid and spindle cells with abundant melanin pigment, arising in association with peripheral nerves. Morphological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features support a diagnosis of melanotic schwannoma. No psammoma bodies are noted, and neither patient exhibits any additional features of Carney complex. Melanotic schwannoma is most often benign but has been associated with malignant behavior in some cases. Distinguishing this nerve sheath tumor from malignant melanoma can be difficult but is of great clinical importance due to differences in prognosis and treatment. PMID:19786855

Trufant, Joshua W; Brenn, Thomas; Fletcher, Christopher D M; Virata, Andrew R; Cook, Deborah L; Bosenberg, Marcus W

2009-12-01

389

Localized Giant Cell Tenosynovial Tumor Seen in the Knee Joint  

PubMed Central

Tenosynovial giant cell tumor is a locally aggressive tumor arising from the synovia of the fibrous tissue surrounding the joints, tendon sheaths, mucosal bursas, and tendons. Although it is often to be observed at the hand, localized form is very rare in the knee joint. In this case report, we aimed to present a very rare case of a surgically treated intra-articular giant cell tenosynovial tumor arising from the hoffa's infrapatellar fat pad of a 19-year-old male patient, by reviewing the literature. The patient we have treated with marginal excision was asymptomatic at the 14th month in the controls and recurrence was not detected. PMID:24716065

Beytemür, Ozan; Tetikkurt, Ümit Seza; Öncü, Mehmet; Baran, Mehmet Ali; Ça?lar, Sever; Güleç, Mehmet Akif

2014-01-01

390

Motor control of sound frequency in birdsong involves the interaction between air sac pressure and labial tension  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Frequency modulation is a salient acoustic feature of birdsong. Its control is usually attributed to the activity of syringeal muscles, which affect the tension of the labia responsible for sound production. We use experimental and theoretical tools to test the hypothesis that for birds producing tonal sounds such as domestic canaries (Serinus canaria), frequency modulation is determined by both the syringeal tension and the air sac pressure. For different models, we describe the structure of the isofrequency curves, which are sets of parameters leading to sounds presenting the same fundamental frequencies. We show how their shapes determine the relative roles of syringeal tension and air sac pressure in frequency modulation. Finally, we report experiments that allow us to unveil the features of the isofrequency curves.

Alonso, Rodrigo; Goller, Franz; Mindlin, Gabriel B.

2014-03-01

391

Take time to smell the frogs: vocal sac glands of reed frogs (Anura: Hyperoliidae) contain species-specific chemical cocktails  

PubMed Central

Males of all reed frog species (Anura: Hyperoliidae) have a prominent, often colourful, gular patch on their vocal sac, which is particularly conspicuous once the vocal sac is inflated. Although the presence, shape, and form of the gular patch are well-known diagnostic characters for these frogs, its function remains unknown. By integrating biochemical and histological methods, we found strong evidence that the gular patch is a gland producing volatile compounds, which might be emitted while calling. Volatile compounds were confirmed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry in the gular glands in 11 species of the hyperoliid genera Afrixalus, Heterixalus, Hyperolius, and Phlyctimantis. Comparing the gular gland contents of 17 specimens of four sympatric Hyperolius species yielded a large variety of 65 compounds in species-specific combinations. We suggest that reed frogs might use a complex combination of at least acoustic and chemical signals in species recognition and mate choice. PMID:24277973

Starnberger, Iris; Poth, Dennis; Peram, Pardha Saradhi; Schulz, Stefan; Vences, Miguel; Knudsen, Jette; Barej, Michael F; Rödel, Mark-Oliver; Walzl, Manfred; Hödl, Walter

2013-01-01

392

Motor control of sound frequency in birdsong involves the interaction between air sac pressure and labial tension  

PubMed Central

Frequency modulation is a salient acoustic feature of birdsong. Its control is usually attributed to the activity of syringeal muscles, which affect the tension of the labia responsible for sound production. We use experimental and theoretical tools to test the hypothesis that for birds producing tonal sounds such as domestic canaries (Serinus canaria), frequency modulation is determined by both the syringeal tension and the air sac pressure. For different models, we describe the structure of the isofrequency curves, which are sets of parameters leading to sounds presenting the same fundamental frequencies. We show how their shapes determine the relative roles of syringeal tension and air sac pressure in frequency modulation. Finally, we report experiments that allow us to unveil the features of the isofrequency curves. PMID:24730873

Alonso, Rodrigo; Goller, Franz; Mindlin, Gabriel B.

2014-01-01

393

Effect of temperature on survival of northern pike embryos and yolk-sac larvae  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were conducted to examine the effect of water temperature and handling procedure on the percentage hatch of known-age northern pike (Esox lucius) embryos and on survival of the yolk-sac larvae. Embryos and larvae were incubated at constant temperatures from 3 to 24/sup 0/C. Optimum hatching range was 6.2 to 20.9/sup 0/C and maximum hatch occurred at 9 to 15/sup 0/C. The age of the embryo before temperature change and the test temperatures both had a significant effect on percentage hatch. Temperature had the greatest adverse effect on percentage hatch during the first 5 h of development. There was no significant difference in the number of embryos hatching when comparing those that developed for 5 h before temperature change with those that developed 12, 24, and 48 h before change. There was a significant increase in hatch for embryos that had developed 120 h before change. The type of temperature change (shock or tempered) did not significantly influence the percentage hatch or hatching temperature range of embryos 5 h old or older. Management implications are also discussed.

Hassler, T.J.

1982-10-01

394

Apospory appears to accelerate onset of meiosis and sexual embryo sac formation in sorghum ovules  

PubMed Central

Background Genetically unreduced (2n) embryo sacs (ES) form in ovules of gametophytic apomicts, the 2n eggs of which develop into embryos parthenogenetically. In many apomicts, 2n ES form precociously during ovule development. Whether meiosis and sexual ES formation also occur precociously in facultative apomicts (capable of apomictic and sexual reproduction) has not been studied. We determined onset timing of meiosis and sexual ES formation for 569 Sorghum bicolor genotypes, many of which produced 2n ES facultatively. Results Genotype differences for onset timing of meiosis and sexual ES formation, relative to ovule development, were highly significant. A major source of variation in timing of sexual germline development was presence or absence of apomictic ES, which formed from nucellar cells (apospory) in some genotypes. Genotypes that produced these aposporous ES underwent meiosis and sexual ES formation precociously. Aposporous ES formation was most prevalent in subsp. verticilliflorum and in breeding lines of subsp. bicolor. It was uncommon in land races. Conclusions The present study adds meiosis and sexual ES formation to floral induction, apomictic ES formation, and parthenogenesis as processes observed to occur precociously in apomictic plants. The temporally diverse nature of these events suggests that an epigenetic memory of the plants' apomixis status exists throughout its life cycle, which triggers, during multiple life cycle phases, temporally distinct processes that accelerate reproduction. PMID:21223576

2011-01-01

395

AUTORADIOGRAPHIC STUDY OF SUGAR AND AMINO ACID ABSORPTION BY EVERTED SACS OF HAMSTER INTESTINE  

PubMed Central

Autoradiographs were prepared from frozen sections of everted sacs of hamster jejunum which had been incubated in vitro with C14- or H3-labeled sugars and amino acids. When such tissue was incubated in 1 mM solutions of L-valine or L-methionine, columnar absorptive cells at tips of villi accumulated these amino acids to concentrations ranging from 5 to 50 millimoles per liter of cells. Quantitative data were obtained by microdensitometry of C14 autoradiographs. Similar, though less striking, results were obtained with the sugars: galactose, 3-0-methylglucose, ?-methylglucoside, and 6-deoxyglucose. In all cases the marked "step-up" in concentration occurred near the brush border of the cell, and a "step-down" in concentration occurred at the basal pole of the cell. Known inhibitors of intestinal absorption, e.g., phlorizin in the case of sugars, blocked the concentrative step at the luminal border of the absorptive cell. It is inferred from these data that active transport systems for sugars and amino acids reside in the brush border region of the cell. Additional evidence suggests that the basal membrane of the cell may be the site of both a diffusion barrier and a weak transport system directed into the cell. PMID:19866662

Kinter, William B.; Wilson, T. Hastings

1965-01-01

396

Automatic neck plane detection and 3D geometric characterization of aneurysmal sacs.  

PubMed

Geometric indices defined on intracranial aneurysms have been widely used in rupture risk assessment and surgical planning. However, most indices employed in clinical settings are currently evaluated based on two-dimensional images that inevitably fail to capture the three-dimensional nature of complex aneurysmal shapes. In addition, since measurements are performed manually, they can suffer from poor inter and intra operator repeatability. The purpose of the current work is to introduce objective and robust techniques for the 3D characterization of intracranial aneurysms, while preserving a close connection to the way aneurysms are currently characterized in clinical settings. Techniques for automatically identifying the neck plane, key aneurysm dimensions, shape factors, and orientations relative to the parent vessel are demonstrated in a population of 15 sidewall and 15 terminal aneurysms whose surface has been obtained by two trained operators using both level-set segmentation and thresholding, the latter reflecting typical clinical practice. Automatically-identified neck planes are shown to be in concordance with those manually positioned by an expert neurosurgeon, and automatically-derived geometric indices are shown to be largely insensitive to segmentation method or operator. By capturing the 3D nature of aneurysmal sacs and by minimizing observer variability, our approach allows large retrospective and prospective studies on aneurysm geometric risk factors to be performed using routinely acquired clinical images. PMID:22532324

Piccinelli, Marina; Steinman, David A; Hoi, Yiemeng; Tong, Frank; Veneziani, Alessandro; Antiga, Luca

2012-10-01

397

Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of air sac catfishes of the Heteropneustes fossilis species complex (Siluriformes: Heteropneustidae).  

PubMed

The air sac catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis (Siluriformes: Heteropneustidae), is widely distributed in freshwaters of the Indian subcontinent and mainland southeast Asia. No comprehensive molecular studies that cover the broad distributional areas have been carried out to date. Here, we conducted molecular phylogenetic analyses using both mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequences to suggest that the Heteropneustes fossilis species complex consists of three clades that may potentially be separate species with distinct geographical distribution (southeast Asia, northeastern India, and southwestern India). The first and second clades are more closely related to each other than they are to the third clade. Within the first clade there is a basal divergence of a subclade consisting of individuals from the Upper Irrawaddy River basin of Myanmar, which share some morphological traits with members of the Indian clades. Our molecular and morphological data are congruent with hypotheses that the Early-Middle Miocene disconnection between the paleo-Tsangpo River and the Irrawaddy River caused the vicariant divergence between southeast Asian and northeastern Indian clades, and that the southeast Asian Heteropneustes originated from the Upper Irrawaddy. PMID:24875251

Ratmuangkhwang, Sahat; Musikasinthorn, Prachya; Kumazawa, Yoshinori

2014-10-01

398

Oxidative stress during Baltic salmon feeding migration may be associated with yolk-sac fry mortality.  

PubMed

The wild populations of salmon in the Baltic Sea suffer from yolk-sac fry mortality (M74). M74 mainly occurs in populations spawning in rivers flowing to the Gulfs of Bothnia and Finland. On the basis of studies with fry, M74 may be caused by oxidative stresses. Because the eggs of M74-offspring-producing females have lower thiamine and astaxanthin levels and more oxidized fatty acids than eggs of females producing healthy offspring, oxidative stresses that adult salmon experience during their feeding migration may be decisive for the development of M74. In this study we have measured several oxidative stress parameters and have evaluated bothtemporal and regional differences in these parameters in salmon individuals during their feeding migration. At present, salmon feeding in the Gulf of Finland and in the Bothnian Sea are affected by oxidative stress as compared to populations feeding in the Baltic Proper. Moreover, the feeding population of salmon in the central Baltic Proper suffered much more from oxidative stress in 1999 than in 2006-2007. In 1999 the incidence of M74 was higher than that expected in 2007/2008. Oxidative stresses experienced by feeding salmon may thus be behind the development of M74. PMID:18505014

Vuori, Kristiina A; Kanerva, Mirella; Ikonen, Erkki; Nikinmaa, Mikko

2008-04-01

399

Absorption mechanism of polaprezinc (zinc L-carnosine complex) by an everted sac method.  

PubMed

1. The absorption mechanism of polaprezinc (zinc-carnosine chelate compound) was studied in rat by an everted gut sac method. The rates of transport and accumulation of 14C-L-carnosine were proportional to the mucosal concentration of L-carnosine, whereas the rates of transport and accumulation of 65ZnCl2 had become saturated. The Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) = 4.41 mM and maximal rate (Vmax) = 71.83 nmol/min/g for zinc transport and, similarly, Km = 6.21 mM and Vmax = 92.51 mumol/30 min/g for accumulation. 2. The addition of ouabain, 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) and low temperatures reduced the rate of zinc uptake, indicating that zinc transport was considered to be a carrier-mediated process based on Na+,K(+)-ATPase-dependent mechanisms. 3. The concentration of zinc in the gut of the non-fasted rat was greater than that of the fasted rat, suggesting different rates of transport and accumulation. It is suggested that zinc intestinal uptake in rat is regulated by zinc content in the gut. 4. A pharmacokinetic model for transport and accumulation of zinc saturation from the lumen side to the gut was designed, and the calculated values obtained by simultaneous multiline fitting of transport and accumulation of zinc data were in good agreement with the observed values. PMID:7701850

Furuta, S; Toyama, S; Sano, H

1994-11-01

400

Modeling and simulating aircraft stability and control—The SimSAC project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper overviews the SimSAC Project, Simulating Aircraft Stability And Control Characteristics for Use in Conceptual Design. It reports on the three major tasks: development of design software, validating the software on benchmark tests and applying the software to design exercises. CEASIOM, the Computerized Environment for Aircraft Synthesis and Integrated Optimization Methods, is a framework tool that integrates discipline-specific tools for conceptual design. At this early stage of the design it is very useful to be able to predict the flying and handling qualities of this design. In order to do this, the aerodynamic database needs to be computed for the configuration being studied, which then has to be coupled to the stability and control tools to carry out the analysis. The benchmarks for validation are the F12 windtunnel model of a generic long-range airliner and the TCR windtunnel model of a sonic-cruise passenger transport concept. The design, simulate and evaluate (DSE) exercise demonstrates how the software works as a design tool. The exercise begins with a design specification and uses conventional design methods to prescribe a baseline configuration. Then CEASIOM improves upon this baseline by analyzing its flying and handling qualities. Six such exercises are presented.

Rizzi, Arthur

2011-11-01

401

Yolk-sac–derived macrophages regulate fetal testis vascularization and morphogenesis  

PubMed Central

Organogenesis of the testis is initiated when expression of Sry in pre-Sertoli cells directs the gonad toward a male-specific fate. The cells in the early bipotential gonad undergo de novo organization to form testis cords that enclose germ cells inside tubules lined by epithelial Sertoli cells. Although Sertoli cells are a driving force in the de novo formation of testis cords, recent studies in mouse showed that reorganization of the vasculature and of interstitial cells also play critical roles in testis cord morphogenesis. However, the mechanism driving reorganization of the vasculature during fetal organogenesis remained unclear. Here we demonstrate that fetal macrophages are associated with nascent gonadal and mesonephric vasculature during the initial phases of testis morphogenesis. Macrophages mediate vascular reorganization and prune errant germ cells and somatic cells after testis architecture is established. We show that gonadal macrophages are derived from primitive yolk-sac hematopoietic progenitors and exhibit hallmarks of M2 activation status, suggestive of angiogenic and tissue remodeling functions. Depletion of macrophages resulted in impaired vascular reorganization and abnormal cord formation. These findings reveal a previously unappreciated role for macrophages in testis morphogenesis and suggest that macrophages are an intermediary between neovascularization and organ architecture during fetal organogenesis. PMID:24912173

DeFalco, Tony; Bhattacharya, Indrashis; Williams, Alyna V.; Sams, Dustin M.; Capel, Blanche

2014-01-01

402

Integrated Phase Array Antenna/Solar Cell System for Flexible Access Communication (IA/SAC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes recent efforts to integrate advanced solar cells with printed planar antennas. Several previous attempts have been reported in the literature, but this effort is unique in several ways. It uses Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) multi-junction solar cell technology. The solar cells and antennas will be integrated onto a common GaAs substrate. When fully implemented, IA/SAC will be capable of dynamic beam steering. In addition, this program targets the X-band (8 - 12 GHz) and higher frequencies, as compared to the 2.2 - 2.9 GHz arrays targeted by other organizations. These higher operating frequencies enable a greater bandwidth and thus higher data transfer rates. The first phase of the effort involves the development of 2 x 2 cm GaAs Monolithically Integrated Modules (MIM) with integrated patch antennas on the opposite side of the substrate. Subsequent work will involve the design and development of devices having the GaAs MIMs and the antennas on the same side of the substrate. Results from the phase one efforts will be presented.

Clark, E. B.; Lee, R. Q.; Pal, A. T.; Wilt, D. M.; McElroy, B. D.; Mueller, C. H.

2005-01-01

403

Improvement of Water Chemistry with Bacillus Probiotics Inclusion during Simulated Transport of Yellowfin Tuna Yolk Sac Larvae  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of adding a probiotic Bacillus spp. blend on shipping bag water quality and survival of yolk sac larvae of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares during a 24-h mock shipment were investigated. To better detect effects on water quality, the trial was designed without the utilization of available chemical water quality or temperature modulators. Shipping water salinity (30.7–31.0‰) and temperature

Ian C. Zink; Daniel D. Benetti; Philippe A. Douillet; Daniel Margulies; Vernon P. Scholey

2011-01-01

404

Failure of Fluid Absorption in the Endolymphatic Sac Initiates Cochlear Enlargement that Leads to Deafness in Mice Lacking Pendrin Expression  

PubMed Central

Mutations of SLC26A4 are among the most prevalent causes of hereditary deafness. Deafness in the corresponding mouse model, Slc26a4?/?, results from an abnormally enlarged cochlear lumen. The goal of this study was to determine whether the cochlear enlargement originates with defective cochlear fluid transport or with a malfunction of fluid transport in the connected compartments, which are the vestibular labyrinth and the endolymphatic sac. Embryonic inner ears from Slc26a4+/? and Slc26a4?/? mice were examined by confocal microscopy ex vivo or after 2 days of organ culture. Culture allowed observations of intact, ligated or partially resected inner ears. Cochlear lumen formation was found to begin at the base of the cochlea between embryonic day (E) 13.5 and 14.5. Enlargement was immediately evident in Slc26a4?/? compared to Slc26a4+/? mice. In Slc26a4+/? and Slc26a4?/? mice, separation of the cochlea from the vestibular labyrinth by ligation at E14.5 resulted in a reduced cochlear lumen. Resection of the endolymphatic sacs at E14.5 led to an enlarged cochlear lumen in Slc26a4+/? mice but caused no further enlargement of the already enlarged cochlear lumen in Slc26a4?/? mice. Ligation or resection performed later, at E17.5, did not alter the cochlea lumen. In conclusion, the data suggest that cochlear lumen formation is initiated by fluid secretion in the vestibular labyrinth and temporarily controlled by fluid absorption in the endolymphatic sac. Failure of fluid absorption in the endolymphatic sac due to lack of Slc26a4 expression appears to initiate cochlear enlargement in mice, and possibly humans, lacking functional Slc26a4 expression. PMID:21103348

Kim, Hyoung-Mi; Wangemann, Philine

2010-01-01

405

Failure of fluid absorption in the endolymphatic sac initiates cochlear enlargement that leads to deafness in mice lacking pendrin expression.  

PubMed

Mutations of SLC26A4 are among the most prevalent causes of hereditary deafness. Deafness in the corresponding mouse model, Slc26a4(-/-), results from an abnormally enlarged cochlear lumen. The goal of this study was to determine whether the cochlear enlargement originates with defective cochlear fluid transport or with a malfunction of fluid transport in the connected compartments, which are the vestibular labyrinth and the endolymphatic sac. Embryonic inner ears from Slc26a4(+/-) and Slc26a4(-/-) mice were examined by confocal microscopy ex vivo or after 2 days of organ culture. Culture allowed observations of intact, ligated or partially resected inner ears. Cochlear lumen formation was found to begin at the base of the cochlea between embryonic day (E) 13.5 and 14.5. Enlargement was immediately evident in Slc26a4(-/-) compared to Slc26a4(+/-) mice. In Slc26a4(+/-) and Slc26a4(-/-) mice, separation of the cochlea from the vestibular labyrinth by ligation at E14.5 resulted in a reduced cochlear lumen. Resection of the endolymphatic sacs at E14.5 led to an enlarged cochlear lumen in Slc26a4(+/-) mice but caused no further enlargement of the already enlarged cochlear lumen in Slc26a4(-/-) mice. Ligation or resection performed later, at E17.5, did not alter the cochlea lumen. In conclusion, the data suggest that cochlear lumen formation is initiated by fluid secretion in the vestibular labyrinth and temporarily controlled by fluid absorption in the endolymphatic sac. Failure of fluid absorption in the endolymphatic sac due to lack of Slc26a4 expression appears to initiate cochlear enlargement in mice, and possibly humans, lacking functional Slc26a4 expression. PMID:21103348

Kim, Hyoung-Mi; Wangemann, Philine

2010-01-01

406

An integrated creep, crack growth and thermo-mechanical fatigue model for WLCSP assemblies soldered with SAC 405  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a reliability model for wafer level chip scale packages (WLCSP) assembled with Sn4%Ag 0.5%Cu (SAC 405) solder. The reliability model is based on a creep constitutive model that takes into consideration the dimensions of the solder joints and a thermo-mechanical fatigue crack growth model. The creep constitutive model was derived from over 250 constant load creep tests

Paresh Limaye; Bart Vandevelde; Dirk Vandepitte; Bert Verlinden

2009-01-01

407

Support to Aviation Control Service (SACS): an online service for near-real-time satellite monitoring of volcanic plumes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volcanic eruptions emit plumes of ash and gases into the atmosphere, potentially at very high altitudes. Ash-rich plumes are hazardous for airplanes as ash is very abrasive and easily melts inside their engines. With more than 50 active volcanoes per year and the ever-increasing number of commercial flights, the safety of airplanes is a real concern. Satellite measurements are ideal for monitoring global volcanic activity and, in combination with atmospheric dispersion models, to track and forecast volcanic plumes. Here we present the Support to Aviation Control Service (SACS, sacs.aeronomie.be/ecosystem"_target="blank">http://sacs.aeronomie.be/ecosystem), which is a free online service initiated by the European Space Agency (ESA) for the near-real-time (NRT) satellite monitoring of volcanic plumes of SO2 and ash. It combines data from three ultraviolet (UV)-visible and three infrared (IR) spectrometers. The UV-vis sensors are the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2 (GOME-2) on-board the two polar orbiting meteorological satellites (MetOp-A & MetOp-B) operated by the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). The IR sensors are the Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder (AIRS) and the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) on-board MetOp-A & MetOp-B. This new multi-sensor warning system of volcanic emissions is based on the selective detection of SO2 and ash. This system is optimised to avoid false alerts while at the same time limiting the number of notifications in case of large plumes. A successful rate with more than 95% of notifications corresponding to true volcanic activity is obtained by the SACS system.

Brenot, H.; Theys, N.; Clarisse, L.; van Geffen, J.; van Gent, J.; Van Roozendael, M.; van der A, R.; Hurtmans, D.; Coheur, P.-F.; Clerbaux, C.; Valks, P.; Hedelt, P.; Prata, F.; Rasson, O.; Sievers, K.; Zehner, C.

2014-05-01

408

HoxB4 Confers Definitive Lymphoid-Myeloid Engraftment Potential on Embryonic Stem Cell and Yolk Sac Hematopoietic Progenitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extent to which primitive embryonic blood progenitors contribute to definitive lymphoid-myeloid hematopoiesis in the adult remains uncertain. In an effort to characterize factors that distinguish the definitive adult hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and primitive progenitors derived from yolk sac or embryonic stem (ES) cells, we examined the effect of ectopic expression of HoxB4, a homeotic selector gene implicated in

Michael Kyba; Rita C. R. Perlingeiro; George Q. Daley

2002-01-01

409

Abrasive effects of Mount Saint Helens ash upon epidermis of yolk sac larvae of Pacific herring Clupea harengus pallasi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Larval PaciJc herring Clupea harengus pallasi were exposed for 24 h to suspensions of estuarine sediment and volcanic ash from 0 to 8000mg\\/litre. The effects of these suspensions on the epidermis of the yolk sac larvae were determined using light and scanning electron microscopy. Examination of the epidermis at speciJc locations on dorsal and ventral body surfaces showed that the

George W. Boehlert

1984-01-01

410

Percutaneous Treatment of an Infected Aneurysmal Sac Secondary to Aortoesophageal Fistula with a History of Stent-Graft Treatment for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm  

SciTech Connect

A 68-year-old man who was subjected to stent-grafting of a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) 4 months previously was admitted to our hospital with constitutional symptoms, including high fever, sweating, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and backache. An infected aneurysmal sac was suspected based on computed tomography (CT) findings, and an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) was identified during esophagoscopy. CT-guided aspiration was performed using a 20-G Chiba needle, confirming the presence of infection. For treatment of the infected aneurysmal sac, CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage in a prone position was performed under general anesthesia with left endobronchial intubation. Drainage catheter insertion was successfully performed using the Seldinger technique, which is not a standard treatment of an infected aneurysmal sac. Improvement in the patient's clinical condition was observed at follow-ups, and CT showed total regression of the collection in the aneurysmal sac.

Numan, Furuzan, E-mail: drfgulsen@yahoo.com; Gulsen, Fatih; Cantasdemir, Murat; Solak, Serdar [Istanbul University, Department of Interventional Radiology, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine (Turkey); Arbatli, Harun [Maltepe University, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine (Turkey)

2012-06-15

411

Positive and negative selection using the tetA-sacB cassette: recombineering and P1 transduction in Escherichia coli.  

PubMed

The two-step process of selection and counter-selection is a standard way to enable genetic modification and engineering of bacterial genomes using homologous recombination methods. The tetA and sacB genes are contained in a DNA cassette and confer a novel dual counter-selection system. Expression of tetA confers bacterial resistance to tetracycline (Tc(R)) and also causes sensitivity to the lipophillic chelator fusaric acid; sacB causes sensitivity to sucrose. These two genes are introduced as a joint DNA cassette into Escherichia coli by selection for Tc(R). A medium containing both fusaric acid and sucrose has been developed, in which, coexpression of tetA-sacB is orders of magnitude more sensitive as a counter-selection agent than either gene alone. In conjunction with the homologous recombination methods of recombineering and P1 transduction, this powerful system has been used to select changes in the bacterial genome that cannot be directly detected by other counter-selection systems. PMID:24203710

Li, Xin-Tian; Thomason, Lynn C; Sawitzke, James A; Costantino, Nina; Court, Donald L

2013-12-01

412

Is routine biopsy of the lacrimal sac wall indicated at dacryocystorhinostomy? A prospective study and literature review  

PubMed Central

Objective: To determine whether routine biopsy of the lacrimal sac wall at dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is indicated. Methods: A prospective study and literature review. In 193 consecutive endoscopic DCRs performed on 164 patients (108 females and 56 males) part of the medial wall of the lacrimal sac was sent for histological examination. The mean age of the patients was 64 years with a range of 2.5–89 years. Previous reported series were reviewed. Results: Of the 193 specimens, 44 (23%) showed normal histology, 146 (76%) showed varying degrees of non-specific chronic inflammation, and three (1.2%) showed specific pathology. Of the three specimens that showed specific pathology two showed sarcoidosis and one showed transitional cell papilloma. The two specimens with sarcoidosis were obtained from one patient who underwent bilateral surgery. In this and the six previous reported series only seven of 1294 specimens (0.5%) showed specific pathology, which was definitely not suspected preoperatively or intraoperatively, and only one of these (0.08%) was found to be malignant (a lymphoma). Conclusions: Biopsy of the lacrimal sac wall at DCR is not indicated routinely and is only indicated if there is a reason to suspect pathology other than chronic inflammation preoperatively or intraoperatively. PMID:16299137

Merkonidis, C; Brewis, C; Yung, M; Nussbaumer, M

2005-01-01

413

SLC26A4 targeted to the endolymphatic sac rescues hearing and balance in Slc26a4 mutant mice.  

PubMed

Mutations of SLC26A4 are a common cause of human hearing loss associated with enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct. SLC26A4 encodes pendrin, an anion exchanger expressed in a variety of epithelial cells in the cochlea, the vestibular labyrinth and the endolymphatic sac. Slc26a4 (?/?) mice are devoid of pendrin and develop a severe enlargement of the membranous labyrinth, fail to acquire hearing and balance, and thereby provide a model for the human phenotype. Here, we generated a transgenic mouse line that expresses human SLC26A4 controlled by the promoter of ATP6V1B1. Crossing this transgene into the Slc26a4 (?/?) line restored protein expression of pendrin in the endolymphatic sac without inducing detectable expression in the cochlea or the vestibular sensory organs. The transgene prevented abnormal enlargement of the membranous labyrinth, restored a normal endocochlear potential, normal pH gradients between endolymph and perilymph in the cochlea, normal otoconia formation in the vestibular labyrinth and normal sensory functions of hearing and balance. Our study demonstrates that restoration of pendrin to the endolymphatic sac is sufficient to restore normal inner ear function. This finding in conjunction with our previous report that pendrin expression is required for embryonic development but not for the maintenance of hearing opens the prospect that a spatially and temporally limited therapy will restore normal hearing in human patients carrying a variety of mutations of SLC26A4. PMID:23874234

Li, Xiangming; Sanneman, Joel D; Harbidge, Donald G; Zhou, Fei; Ito, Taku; Nelson, Raoul; Picard, Nicolas; Chambrey, Régine; Eladari, Dominique; Miesner, Tracy; Griffith, Andrew J; Marcus, Daniel C; Wangemann, Philine

2013-01-01

414

Design and characterization of a multimeric DNA binding protein using Sac7d and GCN4 as templates.  

PubMed

The protein Sac7d belongs to a class of small chromosomal proteins from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. Sac7d is extremely stable to heat, acid, and chemical agents. This protein is a monomer and it binds DNA without any particular sequence preference, while inducing a sharp kink in the DNA. By appending a leucine-zipper-like helical peptide derived from the yeast transcriptional activator GCN4 to the C-terminal end of Sac7d, the modified monomers (denoted S7dLZ) are expected to interact with each other via hydrophobic force to form a parallel dimer. The recombinant S7dLZ was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by heating and ion-exchange chromatography. The formation of dimer was detected by gel-filtration chromatography and chemical cross-link. The results of surface plasmon resonance and circular dichroism experiments showed that the DNA-binding capacity was retained. Furthermore, X-ray diffraction analysis of single crystals of S7dLZ in complex with DNA decamer CCTATATAGG showed that the leucine-zipper segments of S7dLZ were associated into an antiparallel four-helix bundle. There are two DNA fragments bound to each S7dLZ tetramer in the crystal. This model works as a successful template that endows protein a new function without losing original properties. PMID:16028219

Wu, Sz-Wei; Ko, Tzu-Ping; Chou, Chia-Cheng; Wang, Andrew H-J

2005-09-01

415

Complicated acute appendicitis within a right inguinal hernia sac (Amyand’s hernia): report of a case  

PubMed Central

Background: The term Amyand’s hernia refers to a rare clinical situation characterized by the presence of a normal or inflammed appendix within the sac of an inguinal hernia. The situation may be asymptomatic or may present as an incarcerated hernia in case of strangulation or acute appendicitis occurring inside the hernia sac. Description of the case: We present the case of a right Amyand’s hernia on a 88-years-old male that presented to our emergency department with a severely tender and swollen inguinal mass that was diagnosed as a strangulated inguinal hernia – inguinal abcess and underwent emergency operation. The intraoperative findings included a severely inflamed and perforated appendix along with healthy part of the caecum inside the sac. Appendectomy with subsequent primary hernia repair without mesh was performed with excellent outcome. Conclusion: Because of the fact that most of such rare cases are managed by urgent surgery with no preoperative diagnosis, every surgeon should be prepared for the possibility of coping with such an unexpected situation. PMID:25125958

Kouskos, E; Komaitis, S; Kouskou, M; Despotellis, M; Sanidas, G

2014-01-01

416

Positive and negative selection using the tetA-sacB cassette: recombineering and P1 transduction in Escherichia coli  

PubMed Central

The two-step process of selection and counter-selection is a standard way to enable genetic modification and engineering of bacterial genomes using homologous recombination methods. The tetA and sacB genes are contained in a DNA cassette and confer a novel dual counter-selection system. Expression of tetA confers bacterial resistance to tetracycline (TcR) and also causes sensitivity to the lipophillic chelator fusaric acid; sacB causes sensitivity to sucrose. These two genes are introduced as a joint DNA cassette into Escherichia coli by selection for TcR. A medium containing both fusaric acid and sucrose has been developed, in which, coexpression of tetA-sacB is orders of magnitude more sensitive as a counter-selection agent than either gene alone. In conjunction with the homologous recombination methods of recombineering and P1 transduction, this powerful system has been used to select changes in the bacterial genome that cannot be directly detected by other counter-selection systems. PMID:24203710

Li, Xin-tian; Thomason, Lynn C.; Sawitzke, James A.; Costantino, Nina; Court, Donald L.

2013-01-01

417

Support to Aviation Control Service (SACS): an online service for near real-time satellite monitoring of volcanic plumes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volcanic eruptions emit plumes of ash and gases in the atmosphere, potentially at very high altitudes. Ash rich plumes are hazardous for airplanes as ash is very abrasive and easily melts inside their engines. With more than 50 active volcanoes per year and the ever increasing number of commercial flights, the safety of airplanes is a real concern. Satellite measurements are ideal for monitoring global volcanic activity and, in combination with atmospheric dispersion models, to track and forecast volcanic plumes. Here we present the Support to Aviation Control Service (SACS, sacs.aeronomie.be" target ="_blank"> http://sacs.aeronomie.be), which is a free online service initiated by ESA for the near real-time (NRT) satellite monitoring of volcanic plumes of SO2 and ash. It combines data from two UV-visible (OMI, GOME-2) and two infrared (AIRS, IASI) spectrometers. This new multi-sensor warning system of volcanic plumes, running since April 2012, is based on the detection of SO2 and is optimised to avoid false alerts while at the same time limiting the number of notifications in case of large plumes. The system shows successful results with 95% of our notifications corresponding to true volcanic activity.

Brenot, H.; Theys, N.; Clarisse, L.; van Geffen, J.; van Gent, J.; Van Roozendael, M.; van der A, R.; Hurtmans, D.; Coheur, P.-F.; Clerbaux, C.; Valks, P.; Hedelt, P.; Prata, F.; Rasson, O.; Sievers, K.; Zehner, C.

2013-10-01

418

SLC26A4 Targeted to the Endolymphatic Sac Rescues Hearing and Balance in Slc26a4 Mutant Mice  

PubMed Central

Mutations of SLC26A4 are a common cause of human hearing loss associated with enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct. SLC26A4 encodes pendrin, an anion exchanger expressed in a variety of epithelial cells in the cochlea, the vestibular labyrinth and the endolymphatic sac. Slc26a4?/? mice are devoid of pendrin and develop a severe enlargement of the membranous labyrinth, fail to acquire hearing and balance, and thereby provide a model for the human phenotype. Here, we generated a transgenic mouse line that expresses human SLC26A4 controlled by the promoter of ATP6V1B1. Crossing this transgene into the Slc26a4?/? line restored protein expression of pendrin in the endolymphatic sac without inducing detectable expression in the cochlea or the vestibular sensory organs. The transgene prevented abnormal enlargement of the membranous labyrinth, restored a normal endocochlear potential, normal pH gradients between endolymph and perilymph in the cochlea, normal otoconia formation in the vestibular labyrinth and normal sensory functions of hearing and balance. Our study demonstrates that restoration of pendrin to the endolymphatic sac is sufficient to restore normal inner ear function. This finding in conjunction with our previous report that pendrin expression is required for embryonic development but not for the maintenance of hearing opens the prospect that a spatially and temporally limited therapy will restore normal hearing in human patients carrying a variety of mutations of SLC26A4. PMID:23874234

Li, Xiangming; Sanneman, Joel D.; Harbidge, Donald G.; Zhou, Fei; Ito, Taku; Nelson, Raoul; Picard, Nicolas; Chambrey, Régine; Eladari, Dominique; Miesner, Tracy; Griffith, Andrew J.; Marcus, Daniel C.; Wangemann, Philine

2013-01-01

419

[Malignant nail tumors].  

PubMed

Because of the large number of different tissues making up the distal phalanx of fingers and toes, a large variety of malignant tumors can be found in and around the nail apparatus. Bowen disease is probably the most frequent nail malignancy. It is usually seen as a verrucous plaque of the nail fold and nail bed in persons above the age of 40 years. It slowly grows over a period of years or even decades before degenerating to an invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The latter may also occur primarily often as a weeping onycholysis. The next most frequent nail malignancy is ungual melanoma. Those arising from the matrix are usually pigmented and often start with a longitudinal melanonychia whereas those originating from the nail bed remain amelanotic, are often nodular and mistaken for an ingrown nail in an elderly person. The treatment of choice for in situ and early invasive subungual melanomas is generous extirpation of the nail apparatus whereas distal amputation is only indicated for advanced melanomas. In addition to these frequent nail malignancies, nail-specific carcinomas, malignant vascular and osseous tumors, other sarcomas, nail involvement in malignant systemic disorders and metastases may occur. In most cases, they cannot be diagnosed accurately on clinical grounds. Therefore, a high degree of suspicion is necessary in all isolated or single-digit proliferations that do not respond to conservative treatment. PMID:24718507

Haneke, E

2014-04-01

420

Giant lipoblastoma of the thigh: a rare soft tissue tumor in an infant.  

PubMed

Lipoblastoma is a rare lipomatous tumor encountered almost exclusively in infants and young children. It arises from embryonic white fat. The common site of involvement is the extremities. In spite of their potential for local invasion, they are benign tumors. We report a case of a lipoblastoma in an infant and review the literature pertaining to clinical management of these tumors. PMID:22531541

Akhtar, Tanveer; Alladi, Anand; Ahmed, Siddiq M; Siddappa, Odda S

2012-01-01

421

Alpha-fetoprotein producing ovarian clear cell carcinoma with a neometaplasia to hepatoid carcinoma arising from endometriosis: a case report.  

PubMed

We present a rare case of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) producing ovarian clear cell carcinoma. This is the first report of a clear cell ovarian carcinoma with hepatoid carcinoma arising from endometriosis. A 54-year-old menopausal woman had a primary ovarian carcinoma of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIIc. Serum level of AFP was 4195 ng/mL. Histological examination revealed clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis with hepatoid carcinoma. Metastatic liver and lymph node tumors were found after 25 months from the first surgery. However, the patient's serum AFP was within normal limits. The recurrent and metastatic tumors disappeared in response to combined liposomal doxorubicin and carboplatin chemotherapy. She has had a disease-free survival of 4 years. In conclusion, the patient had a clear cell ovarian carcinoma with hepatoid carcinoma arising clearly from endometriosis. The recurrent tumors did not show a component of hepatoid carcinoma. Therefore, it is possible to expect better survival with good sensitivity to chemotherapy. PMID:21827573

Takahashi, Yoshiki; Mogami, Haruta; Hamada, Shinshichi; Urasaki, Koji; Konishi, Ikuo

2011-12-01

422

Brain Tumor Diagnosis  

MedlinePLUS

... Types of Brain Scans X-rays Laboratory Tests DNA Profiling Biopsy Procedure Malignant and Benign Brain Tumors Tumor ... Types of Brain Scans X-rays Laboratory Tests DNA Profiling Biopsy Procedure Malignant and Benign Brain Tumors Tumor ...

423

Brain tumor - children  

MedlinePLUS

... children; Neuroglioma - children; Oligodendroglioma - children; Meningioma - children; Cancer - brain tumor (children) ... The cause of primary brain tumors is unknown. Primary brain tumors may ... (spread to nearby areas) Cancerous (malignant) Brain tumors ...

424

Metastatic brain tumor  

MedlinePLUS

Brain tumor - metastatic (secondary); Cancer - brain tumor (metastatic) ... when there is a single tumor and the cancer has not spread to other ... Chemotherapy for metastatic brain tumors is usually not as ...

425

Alloying effect of Ni, Co, and Sb in SAC solder for improved drop performance of chip scale packages with Cu OSP pad finish  

Microsoft Academic Search

While SAC305 and SAC405 have been shown to yield similar or better reliability than SnPb solder in temperature cycle test, it is becoming evident that the same Pb free solders perform poorly under drop\\/impact conditions. The primary reasons for this reduced performance are the lower ductility of solder and brittle IMC formation at CSP pad and solder interface. Although some

Ahmer Syed; Tae Seong Kim; Young Min Cho; Chang Woo Kim; Min Yoo

2006-01-01

426

Ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma arising in calcifying odontogenic cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case of exceptionally rare odontogenic malignant tumor, called ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma, is described. The tumor was considered to be derived from calcifying odontogenic cyst, which had been resected 5 years before. In the present resected specimen, cellular atypia, mitotic activity, Ki-67 labeling index, and p53 positivity were all increased in comparison with the initially resected specimen. This is

Utaroh Motosugi; Ikuko Ogawa; Tetsuya Yoda; Takahiro Abe; Masashi Sugasawa; Shin-ichi Murata; Masanori Yasuda; Takaki Sakurai; Yoshihiko Shimizu; Michio Shimizu

2009-01-01

427

Retrorectal tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred twenty patients with primary retrorectal tumors (79 congenital, 14 neurogenic, 13 osseous, and 14 miscellaneous)\\u000a had their initial treatment at the Mayo Clinic from 1960 to 1979. The mean age was 43 years (100 patients were adults). Female\\u000a predominance was associated with congenital cysts (15?1) and male predominance with chordomas (5?1). Forty-three percent of\\u000a the patients had malignant

Shu-Wen Jao; Robert W. Beart; Robert J. Spencer; Herbert M. Reiman; Duane M. Ilstrup

1985-01-01

428

Electric reaction arising in bone subjected to mechanical loadings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of present study is the investigation of the electric reaction arising in bone subjected to mechanical loadings. Firstly, specimen was fabricated from femur of cow, and ultrasonic propagation in bone was measured by ultrasonic technique. Secondary, 4-point bending test was conducted up to fracture, and electric reaction arising in bone was measured during loading. Thirdly, cyclic 4-point bending test was conducted to investigate the effect of applied displacement speed on electric reaction.

Murasawa, Go; Cho, Hideo; Ogawa, Kazuma

2006-03-01

429

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Arising from Inverted Schneiderian Papilloma: A Case Report with Oral Involvement  

PubMed Central

Inverted Schneiderian papilloma is an uncommon benign tumor that presents tendency to recur and propensity to be associated with malignancy in approximately 10% of the cases. Some of these lesions are isolated in the maxillary sinus, and predominantly affect white males with mean age of 50 years. We report a case of squamous cell carcinoma arising from inverted Schneiderian papilloma in the maxillary sinus extending to the mouth. The patient was submitted to extraction of a maxillary molar tooth four months before the exacerbation of the symptoms of nasal airway obstruction and facial enlargement. Computed tomography scan revealed a sinonasal mass causing opacification of the right maxillary sinus with destruction of the lateral nasal wall and maxillary sinus floor. The patient was referred to an oncology center for treatment and died from tumor progression one year after the cancer was diagnosed. The intention of this report is to alert dentists to include the inverted Schneiderian papilloma, either associated with squamous cell carcinoma, or not, in the differential diagnosis of maxillary sinus tumors with aggressive behavior, which may extend to the oral cavity or involve roots of teeth. PMID:25057422

Garcia, Alexandre Simões; Bravo-Calderón, Diego Maurício; Ferreira, Mariana Pisinato; Oliveira, Denise Tostes

2014-01-01

430

Rhabdomyosarcoma Arising in a Previously Irradiated Field: An Analysis of 43 Patients  

SciTech Connect

Patients with soft tissue sarcomas that arise from previously irradiated fields have traditionally been reported to have a poor prognosis. In this report, we examined the characteristics and outcomes of patients who developed a rhabdomyosarcoma in a previously irradiated field (RMS-RIF); we hypothesize that these patients should have a better outcome compared to other postradiation soft tissue sarcomas as these tumors are chemosensitive and radiosensitive. A PubMed search of the literature from 1961-2010 yielded 33 studies with data for patients with RMS-RIF. The study included 43 patients with a median age of 6.5 years at the time of radiation therapy (RT) for the initial tumor. The median RT dose was 48 Gy. The median latency period, the time from RT to development of RMS-RIF, was 8 years. The 3-year overall survival for RMS-RIF was 42%. The 3-year overall survival was 66% for patients receiving chemotherapy and local treatment (surgery and/or RT) compared to 29% for those who had systemic treatment only or local treatment only (P=.049). Other factors associated with increased 3-year overall survival included retinoblastoma initial diagnosis (P<.001), age ?18 years at diagnosis of RMS-RIF (P=.003), favorable site (P=.008), and stage 1 disease (P=.002). Age at time of RMS-RIF, retinoblastoma initial tumor, favorable site, stage 1 disease, and use of both systemic and local treatment were found to be favorable prognostic factors for 3-year overall survival.

Dang, Nguyen D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (United States); Teh, Bin S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital and Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital and Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, Texas (United States); Paulino, Arnold C., E-mail: apaulino@tmhs.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital and Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, Texas (United States)

2013-03-01

431

THE PATHOLOGIC CHANGES PRODUCED IN CHICK EMBRYOS BY YOLK SAC INOCULATION OF GROUP A COXSACKIE VIRUS  

PubMed Central

A series of embryonated eggs incubated from 6 to 18 days have been successfully infected by yolk sac inoculation with a strain of group A Coxsackie virus. The resulting pathologic changes are here described. The principal lesion consisted of widespread acute necrosis of striated muscle, apparently essentially identical in type and development with that characteristically produced by the virus in suckling mice. The infection was not itself lethal; some embryos with virtually complete destruction of skeletal muscle were found alive. The older the embryo at the time of inoculation, the less the severity and extent of the lesions; but susceptibility was sometimes not entirely lost in embryos 18 days old. Two embryos inoculated at this time hatched and lived for 4 and 11 days respectively. One showed minimal specific muscle lesions, and the other only some irregularity in muscle fiber size. The lessening of severity of the lesions was especially marked and abrupt in embryos inoculated on the 10th and the 12th day of incubation. In addition to the muscle lesions characteristic of infection with group A Coxsackie virus, there were regularly present in the more immature embryos extensive necrosis of epidermis and feathers and degeneration of feather follicles, believed to be probably a direct dermotropic effect of the virus infection. Other visceral lesions, chiefly liver necrosis, were occasionally observed but seemed not to have been due to direct virus action. As in suckling mice infected with group A Coxsackie virus, no lesions were observed in the central or peripheral nervous system nor in the heart muscle. No lesions deemed specific were seen in the few specimens of chorioallantoic membranes examined. PMID:14946325

Peers, James H.; Ransom, Sara E.; Huebner, Robert J.

1952-01-01

432

Enhanced Permeability of Etoposide across Everted Sacs of Rat Small Intestine by Vitamin E-TPGS  

PubMed Central

Etoposide, a widely used anticancer drug, exhibits low and variable oral bioavailability mainly because of being substrate for the efflux transporter, P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Therefore, the present study was aimed to investigate the effect of D-?-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) and PEG 400 as P-gp inhibitors on the intestinal absorption of etoposide. Everted sacs of rat small intestine were incubated in Krebs buffer solution which contained etoposide in the absence or presence of various concentrations of TPGS or PEG 400. The effect of verapamil as a known P-gp inhibitor on the absorption of drug was also studied. The absorptive transport of etoposide was significantly enhanced (p < 0.001) in the presence of verapamil (100 ?g/mL) and TPGS (over the concentration range of 0.002- 0.1 mg/mL), suggesting that the inhibition of P-gp located in the intestine may be involved in the enhancement of etoposide absorption. However, the addition of PEG 400 at various concentrations (0.05, 0.1 and 0.5% w/v) had no effect on the etoposide transport. No significant difference was found between the permeability values in the absence and presence of the maximum concentration of TPGS for two transport markers, lucifer yellow and imipramine, indicating that the enhancement in etoposide permeability in the presence of TPGS was not due to the compromise in tight junctions or membrane integrity of epithelial cells. The results of the study suggest that the use of TPGS as a safe excipient in etoposide formulations may enhance the oral bioavailability of etoposide and result in a predictable oral absorption. PMID:24250670

Parsa, Abdolhamid; Saadati, Roonak; Abbasian, Zahra; Azad Aramaki, Saeed; Dadashzadeh, Simin

2013-01-01

433

Enhanced solubility and intestinal absorption of candesartan cilexetil solid dispersions using everted rat intestinal sacs  

PubMed Central

Objective Candesartan cilexetil (CAN) is a poor aqueous soluble compound and a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) efflux pump substrate. These key factors are responsible for its incomplete intestinal absorption. Methods In this study, we investigated to enhance the absorption of CAN by improving its solubility and inhibiting intestinal P-gp activity. A phase solubility method was used to evaluate the aqueous solubility of CAN in PVP K30 (0.2–2%). Gibbs free energy (?Gtro) values were all negative. Solubility was enhanced by the freeze drying technique. The in vitro dissolution was evaluated using the USP paddle method. The interaction between drug and carrier was evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) studies. Naringin was selected as P-gp inhibitor. Absorption studies were performed using the everted gut sac model from rat jejunum. The drug analysis was performed by HPLC. Results FTIR spectra revealed no interaction between drug and PVP K30. From XRD and DSC data, CAN was in the amorphous form, which explains the cumulative release of drug from its prepared systems. We noticed an enhancement of CAN absorption by improving its solubility and inhibiting the P-gp activity. The significant results (p < 0.05) were obtained for freeze dried solid dispersions in the presence of P-gp inhibitor than without naringin (15 mg/kg) with an absorption enhancement of 8-fold. Conclusion Naringin, a natural flavonoid, has no undesirable side effects. Therefore, it could be employed as an excipient in the form of solid dispersions to increase CAN intestinal absorption and its oral bioavailability. PMID:25067902

Gurunath, S.; Nanjwade, Baswaraj K.; Patila, P.A.

2013-01-01

434

Maternal offloading of organochlorine contaminants in the yolk-sac placental scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini).  

PubMed

Elasmobranchs are a group of animals that typically occupy upper trophic levels in food webs and have a propensity to accumulate high contaminant concentrations. To date, few studies have investigated maternal offloading processes in sharks, despite the fact that this process represents a substantial source of exposure for young sharks and is a significant pathway for contaminant redistribution within marine ecosystems. Comparable to mammalian systems, scalloped hammerhead sharks (Sphyrna lewini) utilize a yolk-sac placental strategy to nourish young in utero, which may allow females to transfer contaminants to young. Organic contaminants (PCBs and chlorinated pesticides) were measured in livers of both females and males from several age classes that were collected from U.S. Atlantic waters, including two near-term pregnant females and their embryos. Adult female hammerheads (n = 3) were found to have lower levels of PCBs compared to the younger, adult male (mean ± SD, 11.1 ± 1.0 vs. 22.8 ?g g(-1) lw), but had substantially higher concentrations of pesticides (4.1 ± 0.9 vs. 1.9 ?g g(-1) lw). Embryos from the two litters (n = 36) had similar levels of summed organic contaminant concentrations (4.6 ± 0.9 ?g g(-1) lw) and pregnant females were estimated to offload approximately 0.03-2.3 % of their hepatic contaminant load to offspring. While the potential health impacts of these transferred contaminants is unknown, this is the first study to demonstrate that scalloped hammerheads are exposed to a substantial amount of contaminants prior to birth and document maternal offloading of organochlorines in a pseudo-placental shark species. Therefore, future research should continue to investigate the potential adverse effects these contaminants have on elasmobranch physiology. PMID:25527298

Lyons, Kady; Adams, Douglas H

2015-04-01

435

Experimental investigation of unsteady flow behaviour within a sac-type ventricular assist device (VAD).  

PubMed

The flow behaviour of human blood in a pneumatically driven sac-type ventricular assist device (VAD) has been simulated by a non-Newtonian polymer (Separan) solution, and investigated by both a one-component laser Doppler anemometer (LDA) in back-scattering mode and flow visualisation. The device was driven by a pneumatic driver with a squarewave output pressure, and was operated at a pumping rate of 70 bpm, and a systolic duration of 35% of the pumping cycle. The preload and the average afterload to the device were set at 10 mmHg and 100 mmHg, respectively. The output flowrate was 4.05 l min-1. The wall of the peripheral and the central parts of the blood chamber of the VAD were well 'washed' by a main vortex developed during filling and the flow components perpendicular to the base of the VAD produced by the diaphragm motions, respectively. Flow recirculation regions were found at several locations. Around the junction between the tube sections and the blood chamber, the recirculation with an associated fluid particle deposition indicates an underlying risk of thrombus formation. This risk will be reduced by modifying the device design. The maximum turbulent shear stress estimated from the maximum turbulent normal stress (74 N m-2), is unlikely to cause significant damage to blood for the exposure times found. The maximum particle residence time was found to be closely related to the heart rate and the degree of completion of ejection/filling. At a given flow rate, the operating conditions which produce the highest stroke volume give the shortest residence times. PMID:8514814

Jin, W; Clark, C

1993-06-01

436

Notch1 regulates progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation during mouse yolk sac hematopoiesis.  

PubMed

Loss-of-function studies have demonstrated the essential role of Notch in definitive embryonic mouse hematopoiesis. We report here the consequences of Notch gain-of-function in mouse embryo hematopoiesis, achieved by constitutive expression of Notch1 intracellular domain (N1ICD) in angiopoietin receptor tyrosine kinase receptor-2 (Tie2)-derived enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP(+)) hematovascular progenitors. At E9.5, N1ICD expression led to the absence of the dorsal aorta hematopoietic clusters and of definitive hematopoiesis. The EGFP(+) transient multipotent progenitors, purified from E9.5 to 10.5 Tie2-Cre;N1ICD yolk sac (YS) cells, had strongly reduced hematopoietic potential, whereas they had increased numbers of hemogenic endothelial cells. Late erythroid cell differentiation stages and mature myeloid cells (Gr1(+), MPO(+)) were also strongly decreased. In contrast, EGFP(+) erythro-myeloid progenitors, immature and intermediate differentiation stages of YS erythroid and myeloid cell lineages, were expanded. Tie2-Cre;N1ICD YS had reduced numbers of CD41(++) megakaryocytes, and these produced reduced below-normal numbers of immature colonies in vitro and their terminal differentiation was blocked. Cells from Tie2-Cre;N1ICD YS had a higher proliferation rate and lower apoptosis than wild-type (WT) YS cells. Quantitative gene expression analysis of FACS-purified EGFP(+) YS progenitors revealed upregulation of Notch1-related genes and alterations in genes involved in hematopoietic differentiation. These results represent the first in vivo evidence of a role for Notch signaling in YS transient definitive hematopoiesis. Our results show that constitutive Notch1 activation in Tie2(+) cells hampers YS hematopoiesis of E9.5 embryos and demonstrate that Notch signaling regulates this process by balancing the proliferation and differentiation dynamics of lineage-restricted intermediate progenitors. PMID:24583642

Cortegano, I; Melgar-Rojas, P; Luna-Zurita, L; Siguero-Álvarez, M; Marcos, M A R; Gaspar, M L; de la Pompa, J L

2014-07-01

437

Gamma-Secretase Inhibitor RO4929097 in Treating Young Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors, CNS Tumors, Lymphoma, or T-Cell Leukemia  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor; Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor; Childhood Craniopharyngioma; Childhood Ependymoblastoma; Childhood Grade I Meningioma; Childhood Grade II Meningioma; Childhood Grade III Meningioma; Childhood Infratentorial Ependymoma; Childhood Medulloepithelioma; Childhood Mixed Glioma; Childhood Oligodendroglioma; Childhood Supratentorial Ependymoma; Gonadotroph Adenoma; Pituitary Basophilic Adenoma; Pituitary Chromophobe Adenoma; Pituitary Eosinophilic Adenoma; Prolactin Secreting Adenoma; Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma; Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Pineoblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Spinal Cord Neoplasm; Recurrent Childhood Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway Glioma; Recurrent Pituitary Tumor; Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; T-cell Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; TSH Secreting Adenoma; Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

2014-11-04

438

Myoepithelial carcinoma arising in a benign myoepithelioma: immunohistochemical, ultrastructural, and flow-cytometrical study.  

PubMed

A case of myoepithelial carcinoma arising in a benign myoepithelioma of the minor salivary gland in a 71-year-old patient is reported. The tumor presented initially on the palate and had been diagnosed as "benign lesion" 40 years before. It recurred 22, 36, and 40 years after initial presentation, and a similar histopathological diagnosis was rendered. One year after the last recurrence, the tumor recurred showing typical changes of malignant transformation, and the diagnosis was malignant myoepithelioma. The light microscopy and ultrastructural features of the initial tumor were typical of plasmocytoid myoepithelioma. There were abundant round cells and rare spindle cells with uniform dispersed filaments, sometimes arranged in parallel streams without evidence of dense bodies. These cells showed micropinocytotic vesicles along the cell membrane with poorly developed intercellular junctions and were surrounded by a basal membrane. The malignant counterpart showed fewer plasmocytoid cells and a rather epithelial pattern with marked nuclear pleomorphism and formation of small, or rarely large, glandular lumina. The immunohistochemical features were similar for the benign and malignant tumors, with positivity for S-100 protein, vimentin, cytokeratins, and CAM 5.2, and were negative for GFAP, muscle-specific actin, CEA, and desmin. Flow cytometry showed a change in the DNA content profile. The benign myoepithelioma had a diploid DNA content with a low S-phase fraction of 3.9% and proliferative index of 9.1%, while the myoepithelial carcinoma had an evident aneuploid DNA stem line and an increased S-phase fraction of 8.3% with a proliferative index of 18.1%. PMID:8882360

Bombí, J A; Alós, L; Rey, M J; Mallofré, C; Cuchi, A; Trasserra, J; Cardesa, A

1996-01-01

439

Perspectives on signet ring stromal cell tumor and related signet ring cell lesions of the gonads.  

PubMed

In this article, we discuss advances in our knowledge of the pathology of signet ring stromal cell tumor and related signet ring cell lesions of the ovary and a single case of signet ring stromal cell tumor of the testis. We divide ovarian signet ring cell lesions into 3 categories that reflect differences in their pathogenesis and histologic appearance. With 1 exception, all authentic cases of signet ring stromal cell tumor have been unilateral. Cases of ovarian signet ring stromal cell tumor from the literature can arise in 2 ways. The majority of cases arise multifocally from fibroma, whereas the remainder likely arise directly from the ovarian stroma. In difficult cases, immunocytochemistry provides improved diagnostic accuracy in distinguishing signet ring stromal cell tumor and its mimics from Krukenberg tumor. The most useful antibodies in this regard are epithelial membrane antigen and vimentin. PMID:25299313

Roth, Lawrence M; Ramzy, Ibrahim

2014-11-01

440

Desmoid tumor (fibromatosis) of the head and neck  

PubMed Central

Desmoid tumors (fibromatosis) are rare benign tumors, they arise from musculoaponeurotic structures throughout the body. They are locally infiltrative, resulting in a high rate of local recurrence following surgical resection. Due to the rarity of these tumors in the head and neck region, we report a case of a patient with a desmoid tumor in the upper neck that was diagnosed and treated in our institution, to increase the awareness of the Otolaryngology-Head and Neck surgeons, and report available treatment options of this condition. PMID:25630012

Alherabi, Ameen Z.; Marglani, Osama A.; Bukhari, Deemah H.; Al-Khatib, Talal A.

2015-01-01

441

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor: pathology and genetics.  

PubMed

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are soft tissue neoplasms that show differentiation toward cells of the nerve sheath. They often arise from peripheral nerves or preexisting benign nerve sheath tumors and are generally high-grade neoplasms, which behave aggressively with high incidence of distant metastases. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor can be histologically diverse and is difficult to diagnose because of its morphological overlap with a variety of other sarcomas and its lack of specific immunohistochemical markers or genetic profile. We review the pathology of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, with reference to etiology, molecular genetics, and clinical factors. PMID:24418643

Thway, Khin; Fisher, Cyril

2014-04-01

442

Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia arising from the facial artery.  

PubMed

We report on a rare case of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) arising from the facial artery, which was pre-operatively diagnosed as an aneurysm. ALHE is a rare lesion, the precise nature of which remains controversial: it is still unclear whether ALHE is a tumour or an inflammatory disease or whether it can be separated from Kimura's disease based on its pathological characteristics. ALHE rarely occurs in muscular arteries, and this is the first description of ALHE arising from the facial artery. Angiography vividly revealed the pathological structure of the lesion in this case, which prompted us to advocate angiography for diagnosing ALHE arising from muscular arteries. Complete dissection and cryotherapy proved to be effective treatment, although complete management of any therapeutic protocol should avoid recurrence of the lesion, whatever specific treatments are selected. PMID:12901818

Kimura, Yurika; Tsutsumi, Takeshi; Kuroishikawa, Yasushi; Kishimoto, Seiji

2003-07-01

443

Evolutionary Theory Suggest New Mechanism for Genetic Heterogeneity of Tumors | Physical Sciences in Oncology  

Cancer.gov

One of the most consistent characteristics of solid tumors is the genetic heterogeneity of the cells that make up the tumor. Current dogma holds that this heterogeneity results from the effect of random mutations that develop as a result of the instability of cancer cell genes. However, a theoretical analysis of tumor evolution suggests that this heterogeneity arises from predictable variations in the local environments that form in tumors and the resulting adaptations that cells make those changing conditions.

444

Integrated Antenna/Solar Array Cell (IA/SAC) System for Flexible Access Communications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Present satellite communications systems normally use separate solar cells and antennas. Since solar cells generally account for the largest surface area of the spacecraft, co-locating the antenna and solar cells on the same substrate opens the possibility for a number of data-rate-enhancing communications link architecture that would have minimal impact on spacecraft weight and size. The idea of integrating printed planar antenna and solar array cells on the same surface has been reported in the literature. The early work merely attempted to demonstrate the feasibility by placing commercial solar cells besides a patch antenna. Recently, Integrating multiple antenna elements and solar cell arrays on the same surface was reported for both space and terrestrial applications. The application of photovoltaic solar cell in a planar antenna structure where the radiating patch antenna is replaced by a Si solar cell has been demonstrated in wireless communication systems (C. Bendel, J. Kirchhof and N. Henze, 3rd Would Photovotaic Congress, Osaka, Japan, May 2003). Based on a hybrid approach, a 6x1 slot array with circularly polarized crossdipole elements co-located on the same surface of the solar cells array has been demonstrated (S. Vaccaro, J. R. Mosig and P. de Maagt, IEEE Trans. Ant. and Propag., Vol. 5 1, No. 8, Aug. 2003). Amorphous silicon solar cells with about 5-10% efficiency were used in these demonstrations. This paper describes recent effort to integrate advanced solar cells with printed planar antennas. Compared to prior art, the proposed WSAC concept is unique in the following ways: 1) Active antenna element will be used to achieve dynamic beam steering; 2) High efficiency (30%) GaAs multi-junction solar cells will be used instead of Si, which has an efficiency of about 15%; 3) Antenna and solar cells are integrated on a common GaAs substrate; and 4) Higher data rate capability. The IA/SAC is designed to operate at X-band (8-12 GH) and higher frequencies Higher operating frequencies enable greater bandwidth and thus higher data transfer rates. The first phase of the effort involves the development of GaAs solar cell MIMs (Monolithically Integrated Module) with a single patch antenna on the opposite side of the substrate. Subsequent work will involve the integration of MIMs and antennas on the same side of the substrate. Results from the phase one efforts will be presented.

Lee, Ricard Q.; Clark, Eric B.; Pal, Anna Maria T.; Wilt, David M.; Mueller, Carl H.

2004-01-01

445

Quantitative studies of pinocytosis. I. Kinetics of uptake of (125I)polyvinylpyrrolidone by rat yolk sac cultured in vitro  

PubMed Central

A method is described for the in vitro culture of 17.5-day rat visceral yolk sac. Tissue survival was good as judged by light and electron microscopy. The rate of pinocytic uptake of 125I-labeled polyvinylpyrrolidone by the tissue was constant both within and between experiments. Within the concentration range 0.15-24 mug/ml, the 125I- labeled polyvinylpyrrolidone neither stimulated nor inhibited pinocytosis. The system offers many advantages in the quantitative study of the physical basis of pinocytosis. PMID:1109230

1975-01-01

446

Biliary papillomatosis arising in a congenital choledochal cyst: report of a case.  

PubMed

We report a rare case of biliary papillomatosis arising in a congenital choledochal cyst, with an anomalous junction of the pancreatobiliary ductal system (AJPBDS). A 50-year-old woman was admitted to our department with epigastralgia, and imaging studies showed two masses in the cystic common bile duct and an AJPBDS. We made a preoperative diagnosis of biliary tract cancer, considering the size of the masses and the presence of the AJPBDS, and performed a pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. The resected specimen contained two papillary tumors, which were subsequently diagnosed as benign papillomas. Histopathological and oncological examinations indicated that the lesions were involved in the development and progression of carcinogenesis because a point mutation of the K- ras gene and overexpression of p53 protein were detected. These findings suggest that biliary papillomatosis is a precancerous lesion induced by an AJPBDS. PMID:12444445

Iwasaki, Yoshimi; Shimoda, Mitsugi; Furihata, Tadashi; Rokkaku, Kyu; Sakuma, Atsushi; Ichikawa, Kazuhito; Fujimori, Takahiro; Kubota, Keiichi

2002-01-01