Sample records for sac tumor arising

  1. Yolk sac tumor of cryptorchid testis diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology

    PubMed Central

    Choudhury, Monisha; Sehgal, Shivali; Nangia, Anita; Chadha, Rajiv

    2015-01-01

    Yolk sac tumor is the most common germ cell tumor in infants and children. Majority of them arise in the gonads. Yolk sac tumor of undescended testis has been rarely diagnosed. We present a case of yolk sac tumor in right undescended testis in a 2-year-old child primarily diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. PMID:25948949

  2. Benign mixed tumor of the lacrimal sac

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jong-Suk; Lee, Hwa; Chang, Minwook; Park, Minsoo; Baek, Sehyun

    2015-01-01

    Neoplasms of the lacrimal drainage system are uncommon, but potentially life-threatening and are often difficult to diagnose. Among primary lacrimal sac tumors, benign mixed tumors are extremely rare. Histologically, benign mixed tumors have been classified as a type of benign epithelial tumor. Here we report a case of benign mixed tumor of the lacrimal sac. PMID:25971182

  3. Papillary Endolymphatic Sac Tumor: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Arava, S.; Soumya, R. M.; Chitragar, S.; Safaya, R.; Chandrashekhar, S. H.; Thakar, Alok

    2012-01-01

    Glandular tumors involving the middle ear are rare and distinguishing between adenoma and adenocarcinoma remains difficult. A distinct subclass of these tumors demonstrates microscopic papillary architecture and has a propensity to erode the petrous bone and extend intracranially. The term “aggressive papillary middle ear tumor” has recently been proposed to describe this more invasive type of middle ear tumor. These tumors cause symptoms even when microscopic in size. Although histologically benign, they have been locally destructive with frequent intracranial extension and patients may die of uncontrolled local disease. These tumors do not metastasize but there is single case report of drop metastasis to the spine in the literature. Hence this tumor must be distinguished from other benign tumors of the middle ear. These rare neoplasms constitute a distinct pathological entity and deserve wider recognition. PMID:22953101

  4. Metastatic sacrococcygeal yolk sac tumor: A misleading diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Nsir, Atef Ben; Darmoul, Mehdi; Arous, Sarra Ben; Hattab, Nejib

    2015-01-01

    Sacrococcygeal yolk sac tumor (YST) is an extremely rare malignant extra-gonadal germ-cell tumor, which usually succeeds to the degeneration of more common benign teratoma. We describe here an unprecedented case of conus medullaris compression by a spinal metastasis from a pure sacrococcygeal YST in a 1½ years old girl, which was misdiagnosed initially as an anal fissure and stress the need of a meticulous clinical examination and further screening in young patients presenting with sphincter disturbances.

  5. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) as somatic-type malignancy arising from an extragonadal germ-cell tumor: clinical, pathological and molecular features of a case.

    PubMed

    Garg, Amit; Nahal, Ayoub; Turcotte, Robert; Tabah, Roger; Alcindor, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    We report a rare case of a 34-year-old man with a right axillary mass. Ten years previously, he had been diagnosed with a right scapular nonseminomatous germ-cell tumor consisting of teratoma, completely resected without any further treatment. Presently he was found to have a metastatic malignant small round cell tumor consistent with a secondary somatic malignancy arising in the background of nonseminomatous germ-cell tumor, teratoma, yolk sac tumor, and primitive neuroectodermal tumor with distinct chromosome 22 translocation. Although the patient initially responded well to chemotherapy with etoposide, cisplatin, ifosfamide and mesna, he relapsed shortly after. PMID:23549017

  6. Vulvar yolk sac tumor diagnosed during pregnancy, with recurrence during subsequent second pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Xu, Wen; Moon, Ashley; Chetty, Naven; Lourie, Rohan; Shannon, Catherine

    2015-04-01

    •Vulvar yolk sac tumor (YST) is an exceptionally rare and aggressive extra-gonadal germ cell tumor, previously only described in 15 cases in the literature.•We present a unique case of vulvar YST diagnosed during pregnancy, treated with systemic chemotherapy, who subsequently recurred during a second pregnancy.•Despite salvage chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation at recurrence, our patient succumbed to her disease, 31 months post diagnosis. PMID:26076163

  7. Bilateral ovarian mixed epithelial adenocarcinoma in a postmenopausal woman with unilateral ovarian yolk sac tumor component

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Qin; Chen, Xiaoduan

    2014-01-01

    Ovarian yolk sac tumors (YSTs) usually occur in the young women and have been rarely documented in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. The different age distribution supposes their complex nomenclature and histogenesis. We report a case of bilateral ovarian epithelial carcinoma with right ovarian YST component in a postmenopausal woman. The patient was treated by surgery and adjuvant combination chemotherapy of taxol and carboplatin for 6 courses and has been clinically free of tumor for 6 months. The correlation between the YST and the epithelial components always confuse us. Ovarian yolk sac tumors are not a discrete entity and represent a multifaceted group of neoplasms. The conjunction of multi antibodies help in differential diagnoses. In addition to a thorough case description, the literature concerning this entity is reviewed and discussed. PMID:25550883

  8. Malignant rhabdoid tumor arising from a pleomorphic adenoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kar-Ming Fung; Eduardo M Diaz; Adel K El-Naggar; Mario A Luna

    2004-01-01

    Malignant transformation of pleomorphic adenomas often occurs in long-standing tumors or tumors with multiple local recurrences. The malignant component is usually a carcinoma. The case reported herein concerns a 60-year-old man who had a malignant rhabdoid tumor arising in a painless parotid mass that remained untreated for 25 years. Malignant rhabdoid tumors are clinically aggressive neoplasms with phenotypic features that

  9. Immunohistochemical expression of SALL4 in hepatocellular carcinoma, a potential pitfall in the differential diagnosis of yolk sac tumors.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez-Roibon, Nilda; Katz, Betina; Chaux, Alcides; Sharma, Rajni; Munari, Enrico; Faraj, Sheila F; Illei, Peter B; Torbenson, Michael; Netto, George J

    2013-07-01

    SALL4 is a transcription factor that serves as a marker of yolk sac tumor. Yolk sac tumor and hepatocellular carcinoma share histologic, serologic, and immunohistochemical features. Previous studies have shown lack of SALL4 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma, suggesting utility in this differential diagnosis. Sixty-nine samples of hepatocellular carcinoma were retrieved from surgical pathology archives and used to construct 9 tissue microarrays. A germ cell tumor tissue microarray containing 10 yolk sac tumors was used for comparison. Extent, intensity, and pattern of nuclear SALL4 expression were assessed in each spot. Mean percentage of expression was calculated for each tumor and used during analysis. Optimal discriminatory extent of expression cutoff was determined by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Other potential discriminatory markers including Hep Par1 were also evaluated. Forty-six percent (32/69) of hepatocellular carcinoma and all yolk sac tumors revealed at least focal expression of SALL4. A unique punctuate/clumped pattern of nuclear staining was present in 94% (30/32) of hepatocellular carcinoma, whereas all yolk sac tumors displayed a diffuse finely granular nuclear staining pattern. A 25% extent of SALL4 expression cutoff was found to be optimal for the distinction of yolk sac tumor from hepatocellular carcinoma yielding a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 92.8%, and a positive predictive value of 66.6% for yolk sac tumor diagnosis. The addition of Hep Par1 increased the specificity (99%) and positive predictive value (90%). This is the first report of SALL4 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma. Our finding should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma and yolk sac tumor. The unique punctuate/clumped pattern seen in hepatocellular carcinoma cases could be of further discriminatory value. PMID:23347651

  10. Yolk Sac Tumor of the Testis in Infants and Children: A Clinicopathologic Analysis of 33 Cases.

    PubMed

    Cornejo, Kristine M; Frazier, Lindsay; Lee, Richard S; Kozakewich, Harry P W; Young, Robert H

    2015-08-01

    We report 33 pure yolk sac tumors of the testis from boys 5 to 71 months of age (mean 20.7 mo) diagnosed from 1918 to 2014. All except 1 underwent orchiectomy, with lymph node dissections (all negative) performed in 18; 21 also received chemotherapy and 12 radiotherapy. The tumors were 1.6 to 7.0 cm (mean 3.7 cm) and were nonencapsulated, with a gray to yellow, often mucoid, cut surface. The commonest pattern was reticular-microcystic, but macrocystic, papillary, endodermal sinus (Schiller-Duval bodies), labyrinthine, myxomatous, glandular, and solid patterns were also observed. Follow-up was available for 32 patients (mean 100.5 mo; range, 3 to 456 mo). Twenty-four patients (including 4 who did not receive adjuvant therapy) were without evidence of disease, 8 had metastatic disease; 5 of the latter died of tumor and 1 of treatment complications. Two patients with metastasis were cured with radiation with or without chemotherapy. Two or more of the following were associated with a poor outcome in patients presenting with stage I cases: tumor size >4.5 cm (4/6 tumors [67%]), invasion of rete testis and/or epididymis (3/7 tumors [43%]), and necrosis (6/17 tumors [35%]). In the nonmetastasizing group, 2 or more unfavorable features occurred in only 3/24 tumors (13%) (P=0.0001). It is crucial that this tumor be distinguished from the juvenile granulosa cell tumor, which occurs at a slightly younger age and has distinctive features, although there may be some morphologic overlap. The survival of young boys with testicular yolk sac tumor is very good because of both effective chemotherapy and likely, the inherent characteristics of the tumor in this age group. PMID:25828390

  11. Mediastinal Yolk Sac Tumor Producing Protein Induced by Vitamin K Absence or Antagonist-II.

    PubMed

    Akutsu, Noriyuki; Adachi, Yasushi; Isosaka, Mai; Mita, Hiroaki; Takagi, Hideyasu; Sasaki, Shigeru; Yamamoto, Hiroyuki; Arimura, Yoshiaki; Ishii, Yoshifumi; Masumori, Naoya; Endo, Takao; Shinomura, Yasuhisa

    2015-01-01

    Extragonadal yolk sac tumors (YSTs) are rare. We herein report the case of a 66-year-old man with mediastinal, lung and liver tumors. The largest mass was located in the liver and contained a high concentration of protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) and alpha-fetoprotein. Therefore, the lesion was difficult to distinguish from hepatocellular carcinoma. Finally, YST was diagnosed based on the results of a liver biopsy. Although chemotherapy was effective, the patient died of respiratory failure. The autopsy revealed primary mediastinal YST. In the current report, we describe this case of PIVKA-II-producing YST and review previous cases of PIVKA-II-producing tumors other than hepatoma. PMID:26073245

  12. Malignant Mixed Mullerian Tumor of the Ovary Growing into an Inguinal Hernia Sac: Report of a Case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kunio Takeuchi; Yasushi Tsuzuki; Tetsu Ando; Masao Sekihara; Takashi Hara; Takayuki Kori; Takeshi Kawakami; Yoshihiro Ohno; Hiroyuki Kuwano

    2003-01-01

    Malignant tumors presenting as an inguinal hernia are rare. We present the case of a malignant mixed Mullerian tumor (MMMT) of the ovary growing into an inguinal hernia sac. In this case, magnetic resonance imaging was useful in making a diagnosis of an ovarian neoplasm growing into the inguinal canal, and to the best of our knowledge, this is only

  13. CT imaging of ovarian yolk sac tumor with emphasis on differential diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yang-Kang; Zheng, Yu; Lin, Jian-Bang; Xu, Gui-Xiao; Cai, Ai-Qun; Zhou, Xiu-Guo; Zhang, Guo-Jun

    2015-01-01

    Ovarian yolk sac tumors (YSTs) are rare neoplasms. No radiological study has been done to compare the imaging findings between this type of tumor and other ovarian tumors. Here we analyzed the CT findings of 11 pathologically proven ovarian YSTs and compared their imaging findings with 18 other types of ovarian tumors in the same age range. Patient age, tumor size, tumor shape, ascites and metastasis of two groups did not differ significantly (P?>?0.05). A mixed solid-cystic nature, intratumoral hemorrhage, marked enhancement and dilated intratumoral vessel of two groups differed significantly (P?tumors. PMID:26074455

  14. [A case of stage IIIB2 infantile yolk sac tumor of testis achieved complete remission by "COMPE" chemotherapy].

    PubMed

    Ueda, T; Yamauchi, T; Kokuho, M; Ishibashi, K; Kawakami, S; Yonese, J; Kawai, T

    1993-12-01

    A case of metastatic infantile yolk sac tumor of testis is reported herein. The patient was 23 months old with a painless swelling of the right scrotal contents. Histological examination revealed yolk sac tumor. Six months later, the serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was re-elevated and solitary lung metastasis had developed. After 4 courses of chemotherapy with cisplatin (CDDP), vincristine (VCR), methotrexate (MTX), peplomycin (PEP) and Etoposide (COMPE), serum AFP was normalized and lung metastasis disappeared. He has shown no evidence of disease for 5 years with normal physical growth. Aggressive chemotherapy including CDDP might be used for Stage III infantile testicular cancer. PMID:7506867

  15. Yolk sac tumor of the ovary in a young girl with tuberous sclerosis: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Jones, Riley G; Akande, Manzilat Y; Younes, Houssam K; Jagarpu, Jawahar; Mba, Nkechi; Savell, Van H; Almond, Stephen P

    2014-12-01

    •We reported the first tuberous sclerosis patient with an ovarian yolk sac tumor.•Although angiomyolipoma is a common benign tumor in TS patients, abdominal malignancies must be considered. PMID:26075992

  16. [A case of adult pure yolk sac tumor of the testis achieving pathological complete response by chemotherapy].

    PubMed

    Hashimoto, Y; Iwase, Y; Mogami, T; Hayashi, Y; Sasaki, S; Kato, M; Tugaya, M; Kohri, K

    1995-10-01

    We report a case of pure yolk sac tumor of the left testis in a 22-year-old male. He consulted a physician with left back pain and induration of his left scrotal content in December, 1992. Intravenous pyelography (IVP) revealed left hydronephrosis. Computerized tomography (CT) revealed para-aortic lymph node swelling and lung metastases. Left high inguinal orchiectomy was performed. Histopathological diagnosis was pure yolk sac tumor. After two courses of "COMPE" chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin, vincristine, methotrexate, peplomycin and etoposide, two courses of "high dose "COMPE" chemotherapy and three courses of "high dose COME" chemotherapy without peplomycin, he achieved a partial response (the regression rate of the pulmonary metastases and the retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis were 100% and 96.0% on CT, respectively) and the residual masses in the retroperitoneum were removed. Necrosis and xanthogranulomatous fibrosis were found in the resected material. The patient showed no evidence of disease two years after chemotherapy. PMID:8533681

  17. Giant solitary fibrous tumor arising from greater omentum

    PubMed Central

    Zong, Liang; Chen, Ping; Wang, Guang-Yao; Zhu, Qun-Shan

    2012-01-01

    Extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) have been described at almost every anatomic location of human body, but reports of SFT in the abdominal cavity are rare. We herein present a rare case of SFT originating from greater omentum. Computed tomography revealed a 15.8 cm × 21.0 cm solid mass located at superior aspect of stomach. Open laparotomy confirmed its mesenchymal origin. Microscopically, its tissue was composed of non-organized and spindle-shaped cells exhibiting atypical nuclei, which were divided up by branching vessel and collagen bundles. Immunohistochemical staining showed that this tumor was negative for CD117, CD99, CD68, cytokeratin, calretinin, desmin, epithelial membrane antigen, F8 and S-100, but positive for CD34, bcl-2, ?-smooth muscle actin and vimentin. The patient presented no evidence of recurrence during follow-up. SFT arising from abdominal cavity can be diagnosed by histological findings and immunohistochemical markers, especially for CD34 and bcl-2 positive cases. PMID:23197901

  18. Precocious puberty secondary to a mixed germ cell-sex cord-stromal tumor associated with an ovarian yolk sac tumor: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Ovarian tumors are the least common cause of sexual precocity in girls. Mixed germ cell-sex cord-stromal tumors associated with a yolk sac tumor of the ovary are rare neoplasms, of which only a small number of well-documented cases have been described so far. Here, we report precocious puberty in a four-year-old Egyptian girl caused by a mixed germ cell-sex cord-stromal tumor associated with a yolk sac tumor of the ovary. Case presentation A four-year-old Egyptian girl was referred to our pediatric endocrinology unit for evaluation of bilateral breast budding, pubic hair and vaginal bleeding. On examination, we found that her breast enlargement and pubic hair were compatible with Tanner III. A thorough workup revealed a large mass in her right ovary. Magnetic resonance imaging ofher brain showed that her pituitary gland was normal. A hormonal assay revealed high levels of estradiol, 280 to 375pmol/L; progesterone, 5.3?nmol/L; testosterone 38.9?pg/mL; and androstenedione, 4.1?ng/mL. Her basal and stimulated levels of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone were low. Tumor markers levels were high, with a total inhibin of 1,069U/L and an alpha-fetoprotein of 987??g/L. Her chromosomes were normal (46XX). Our patient underwent an explorative laparotomy and a solid tumor localized to her right ovary was identified. A right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and the histopathological diagnosis was a mixed germ cell-sex cord-stromal tumorwith a yolk sac tumor of the ovary. Postoperatively, she was started on treatment with chemotherapy. Our patient is doing well without evidence of tumor recurrence or metastasis during eight months of postoperative follow-up. Conclusion Although a mixed germ cell-sex cord-stromal tumor associated with a yolk sac tumor of the ovary is a rare occurrence, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis for a prepubescent girl with an abdominal mass and precocious puberty. PMID:22734844

  19. Primary juxtaovarian yolk sac tumor concurrent with an ipsilateral ovarian mature teratoma in an adult woman: a rare association

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Haifen; Yu, Jihong; Tang, Jingjing; Wang, Min

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Yolk sac tumor (YST) is a rare neoplasm that primarily occurs in the ovary in children and young women. Previously, it has been reported that the teratomatous components can be recognized in part of YSTs or appear in the contralateral ovary. Here, we report a rare case of an adult woman with a juxtaovarian YST concurrent with an ipsilateral ovarian mature teratoma. Methods: A 47-year-old woman found a pelvic mass for nine days and subsequently underwent debulking operation. The specimens were evaluated for detailed characterizations through gross examination, microscopy and immunohistochemistry. A literature review was performed and the pathogenesis was briefly discussed about the generation of an extraovarian YST concurrent with a teratoma. Results: The right juxtaovarian tumor showed typical histological patterns of YST. Immunostaining demonstrated the YST nature of Gly-3 and AFP positive tumor cells. The ipsilateral ovarian tumor was a common mature cystic teratoma with chronic fibrotic changes. According to the differences of the origin and the differentiation of the two germ cell tumors, we suspect that the occurrence of the teratoma is earlier than the YST. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first report of an adult woman with a juxtaovarian YST concurrent with an ipsilateral ovarian mature teratoma. PMID:25755817

  20. [Primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising 8 years after chemotherapy and radiotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia: case report].

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Yuya; Toma, Yasuo; Arai, Masayuki; Higashi, Ryo; Kashihara, Kengo; Kaizaki, Yasuharu

    2005-07-01

    We report a case of primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) arising 8 years after chemotherapy and radiotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A 15-year-old boy with a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, at the age of 7, underwent chemotherapy and 14Gy of radiotherapy to the whole brain. He was admitted to our department due to the development of aphasia, right hemiparesis and generalized convulsive seizure. MRI showed an irregularly enhanced mass in the left frontal lobe. A gross total removal of the tumor was performed and histological examination showed it to be PNET. Postoperatively, the patient underwent 20Gy of radiotherapy to the whole brain and 42Gy of local radiotherapy. Follow-up MRI showed no evidence of recurrent tumor 4 months after the radiotherapy. This tumor was thought to be a secondary brain tumor arising in this survivor of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and it is a rare complication of successful leukemia treatment. PMID:16001813

  1. Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor arising in the mesentery: A case report

    PubMed Central

    SHI, YINGHONG; GENG, JUNZU; XIE, HAIZHU; WANG, BIN

    2015-01-01

    Primary perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) of the mesentery are rare; therefore, the clinical and imaging features of the tumor have yet to be adequately investigated. The present study reports the case of a 48-year-old female patient histologically diagnosed with a PEComa arising in the mesentery of the small bowel. Abdominal plain computed tomography (CT) identified a large, partially ill-defined and heterogeneous mass with a size of 12.5×8.5-cm occupying the lower abdomen. Upon contrast-enhanced CT imaging, the tumor displayed nonhomogeneous contrast-enhancement with hypodense areas, and multiple tumor vessels were observed during arterial phase imaging. In conclusion, the present study proposed that PEComas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lesions arising in the mesentery; however, differentiation based on imaging criteria alone can be difficult.

  2. Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the kidney arising in an adult patient.

    PubMed

    Podduturi, Varsha; Campa-Thompson, Molly M; Zhou, Xin J; Guileyardo, Joseph M

    2014-07-01

    Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRT) of the kidney are rare in children and even less common in adults, with only six previously reported adult cases. We present the case of a 60-year-old man with an MRT arising in the left kidney with extensive pulmonary micrometastases and thromboembolism resulting in thrombotic pulmonary microangiopathy (pulmonary tumor embolism syndrome). MRT is an extremely aggressive neoplasm with a short survival time. PMID:24982576

  3. Invasive Cribriform Carcinoma Arising in Malignant Phyllodes Tumor of Breast: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Yoomi; Lee, Kyoung Yul; Jang, Min Hye; Seol, Hyesil; Kim, Sung-Won

    2012-01-01

    Phyllodes tumor is an uncommon fibroepithelial neoplasm of the breast. And it is characterized by expanded stroma with increased cellularity and elongated epithelium-lined clefts. Mammary carcinomas within phyllodes tumors have been rarely reported. To date, however, no reports have described the invasive cribriform carcinoma arising in malignant phyllodes tumor. Here, we report a 62-year-old woman who presented with a large breast mass. Microscopically, the mass was a typical malignant phyllodes tumor showing well developed leaf-like architecture and stromal overgrowth with high cellularity and nuclear pleomorphism. In a portion of the tumor, however, the epithelial component showed a cribriform pattern of proliferation in the absence of myoepithelial cells, suggestive of the invasive cribriform carcinoma. To our knowledge, this is rare and it is difficult to make a differential diagnosis of it. Here, we report our case with a review of literatures. PMID:23110003

  4. A case of solitary fibrous tumor arising from the palatine tonsil.

    PubMed

    Kanazawa, Takeharu; Kodama, Kozue; Nokubi, Mitsuhiro; Gotsu, Kazuo; Shinnabe, Akihiro; Hasegawa, Masayo; Kusaka, Gen; Iino, Yukiko

    2015-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a distinctive, relatively uncommon soft-tissue neoplasm that usually arises from the pleura. It occurs at various sites; head and neck lesions are very rare. While most of these tumors have a benign course, a small number have malignant potential. We describe a rare case of SFT arising from the left palatine tonsil in a 66-year-old Japanese woman. The mass was completely resected. Immunohistochemical studies were strongly positive for CD34 and bcl-2, mildly positive for phosphorylated protein kinase B and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and negative for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and p53. These findings suggested that this tumor was benign. The patient showed no evidence of recurrence during 2 years of follow-up. We believe that the candidate prognostic marker should be checked to distinguish malignant from benign SFTs. PMID:25738718

  5. Mediastinal yolk sac tumors associated with prominent multilocular cystic changes of thymic epithelium: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of five cases.

    PubMed

    Moran, C A; Suster, S

    1997-08-01

    Five cases of yolk sac tumor of the anterior mediastinum associated with prominent thymic cystic changes are presented. The patients were five men between the ages of 17 and 22 years (mean, 19.5 yr). Clinically, four patients presented with symptoms of chest pain and shortness of breath, whereas the fifth was asymptomatic: his tumor was discovered during a routine physical examination. None of the patients had a history of previous tumor elsewhere. Grossly, the tumors were described as cystic lesions measuring between 8 and 12 cm in greatest dimension. Histologically, the tumors showed prominent cystic changes reminiscent of those observed in acquired multilocular thymic cysts, i.e., the presence of cystic cavities lined by squamous epithelium with prominent inflammatory changes, lymphoid hyperplasia, cholesterol cleft granulomas, and remnants of thymic tissue in the walls of the cysts. In addition, there was a neoplastic cellular proliferation composed of small cells with scant cytoplasm, round nuclei, and inconspicuous nucleoli adopting a reticular pattern of growth and, in some areas, embedded in abundant myxoid stroma. Numerous intra- and extracellular hyaline globules, as well as Schiller-Duval bodies, could also be identified. Immunohistochemical studies showed positive reaction with alpha-fetoprotein antibodies in the tumor cells. Follow-up information obtained in these patients showed that all had died of tumor 1 to 3 years after initial diagnosis. The present cases document another unusual but distinctive growth pattern of yolk sac tumor in the mediastinum and highlight the importance of proper sampling of cystic lesions in this location. PMID:9267822

  6. Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor arising in pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Ji Yun; Suh, Yeon-Lim; Hong, Soon Won

    2014-08-01

    Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare, highly malignant, true rhabdoid tumor in the central nervous system predominantly presenting in young children.AT/RT typically shows rhabdoid cells which can also be seen in other tumors, but it is differentiated from other tumors by the specific genetic alteration involving the SMARCB1 gene. Only a few cases of AT/RT arising in low-grade glioma have been reported. A 13-year-old girl presented with headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.A 4.7 cm cerebellar mass was found on MRI.The mass was totally removed. Histologically, the tumor revealed two distinct morphologic appearances: central areas of AT/RT containing rhabdoid cells and sarcomatous component in the background of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma(PXA). Immunohistochemically, PXA areas retained nuclear expression of INI-1 and low Ki-67 proliferation index, whereas AT/RT component showed loss of INI-1 nuclear expression and markedly elevated Ki-67 proliferation index. Epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), smooth muscle actin (SMA), and p53 protein were positive only in AT/RT. BRAF V600E mutation was identified in PXA by real-time polymerase chain reaction.We report a rare case of AT/RT arising in PXA which is supposed to progress by inactivation of INI-1 in a pre-existing PXA. PMID:25268025

  7. Tumoral mass presenting in the nasomalar region arising from the lateral nasal wall: pleomorphic adenoma.

    PubMed

    U?uz, Mustafa Zafer; Onal, Kazim; Demiray, Utku; Ekinci, Ne?e

    2007-11-01

    Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common benign salivary gland tumor. Although the major salivary glands are the most common sites of its origin, it can also occur in the minor salivary glands of the oral cavity and rarely in the neck, ear, nasal cavity and larynx. We report a rare case of intranasal pleomorphic adenoma arising from lateral nasal wall and discuss the clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment approaches with the review of the literature. PMID:17549505

  8. Therapeutically targeting cyclin D1 in primary tumors arising from loss of Ini1

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Melissa E.; Cimica, Velasco; Chinni, Srinivasa; Jana, Suman; Koba, Wade; Yang, Zhixia; Fine, Eugene; Zagzag, David; Montagna, Cristina; Kalpana, Ganjam V.

    2011-01-01

    Rhabdoid tumors (RTs) are rare, highly aggressive pediatric malignancies with poor prognosis and with no standard or effective treatment strategies. RTs are characterized by biallelic inactivation of the INI1 tumor suppressor gene. INI1 directly represses CCND1 and activates cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitors p16Ink4a and p21CIP. RTs are exquisitely dependent on cyclin D1 for genesis and survival. To facilitate translation of unique therapeutic strategies, we have used genetically engineered, Ini1+/? mice for therapeutic testing. We found that PET can be used to noninvasively and accurately detect primary tumors in Ini1+/? mice. In a PET-guided longitudinal study, we found that treating Ini1+/? mice bearing primary tumors with the pan-cdk inhibitor flavopiridol resulted in complete and stable regression of some tumors. Other tumors showed resistance to flavopiridol, and one of the resistant tumors overexpressed cyclin D1, more than flavopiridol-sensitive cells. The concentration of flavopiridol used was not sufficient to down-modulate the high level of cyclin D1 and failed to induce cell death in the resistant cells. Furthermore, FISH and PCR analyses indicated that there is aneuploidy and increased CCND1 copy number in resistant cells. These studies indicate that resistance to flavopiridol may be correlated to elevated cyclin D1 levels. Our studies also indicate that Ini1+/? mice are valuable tools for testing unique therapeutic strategies and for understanding mechanisms of drug resistance in tumors that arise owing to loss of Ini1, which is essential for developing effective treatment strategies against these aggressive tumors. PMID:21173237

  9. Carcinoid tumor arising in a mature cystic teratoma: A case report

    PubMed Central

    TOSUNER, ZEYNEP; SÖNMEZ, FATMA CAV?DE; ARICI, D?LEK SEMA; DANSUK, RAMAZAN

    2015-01-01

    Mature cystic teratomas are common benign tumors of the ovary. The most common form of malignant transformation is squamous cell carcinoma, however, malignant transformation is rarely observed and cases are usually asymptomatic. Carcinoid tumors are rare tumors of the neuroendocrine system. A number of the carcinoids result in clinical syndromes due to the secretion of vasoactive substances produced by the tumor. A 75-year-old woman suffering from groin pain was admitted to the Faculty of Medicine at Bezmialem Vak?f University (Istanbul, Turkey). An adnexal mass was detected during the physical examination. Magnetic resonance imaging scans exhibited an 8×7-cm mass in the right ovary. Surgical excision of the mass was performed and histopathological examination revealed a mature cystic teratoma with three germ layers. An area consisting of nests and trabeculae was evident in the cyst wall. The pathological diagnosis was of an insular and trabecular variant of carcinoid tumor arising in a mature cystic teratoma. The patient did not present with carcinoid syndrome, and no recurrence was observed after 11 months of follow-up examinations.

  10. Embryonal Central Nervous System Neoplasms Arising in Infants: A Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium Study

    PubMed Central

    McLendon, Roger E.; Adekunle, Adesina; Rajaram, Veena; Kocak, Mehmet; Blaney, Susan M.

    2013-01-01

    Context Medulloblastomas (MBs) and atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RTs) can be difficult to distinguish; however, histologic characterization is prognostically important. Objective To determine histologic and phenotypic markers associated with utility progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in children under 3 years of age with MBs and AT/RTs. Design We undertook a histologic and immunophenotypic study of MBs and AT/RTs arising in infants treated on a Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium study. The 41 girls and 55 boys (aged 2 to 36 months at enrollment) exhibited 42 MBs, 26 AT/RTs and 28 other tumors. Median follow-up was 17.2 months from diagnosis (range: 1.4–93 months). Results Infants with AT/RT exhibited shorter PFS and OS when compared to infants with MBs (P=.0003 and P=.0005, respectively). A lack of nuclear BAF47 immunohistochemical reactivity (IHC) proved reliable in identifying AT/RTs. Among MBs, our data demonstrate that anaplasia correlated with OTX2 reactivity and both OTX2 and moderate to severe anaplasia correlated with PFS but not OS. “Nodularity” may be a positive prognostic factor. Conclusion Distinguishing AT/RT from MBs is clinically important. The diagnoses of AT/RT and MB can be reliably made from H&E stains in the majority of cases. However certain rare small cell variants of AT/RT can be confused with MB. IHC for BAF47 is clinically useful in diagnosing AT/RTs, particularly certain small cell AT/RTs. Among MBs, “nodularity”, absent or mild anaplasia, and lack of OTX2 expression may be important prognostic factors for improved PFS and OS in infants. PMID:21809989

  11. A solitary fibrous tumor arising in the parapharyngeal space, with MRI and FDG-PET findings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naohiro Wakisaka; Satoru Kondo; Shigeyuki Murono; Hiroshi Minato; Mitsuru Furukawa; Tomokazu Yoshizaki

    2009-01-01

    We present the imaging and pathological features of a 38-year-old man in whom a large parapharyngeal solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) on the left side was found. On MRI, the tumor showed a nodule-in-nodule appearance. The inner nodule revealed high signal intensities both on T1- and T2-weighted MR images. The entire tumor showed heterogeneous enhancement on gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted images. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)

  12. Hepatocellular carcinoma arising in adenoma: similar immunohistochemical and cytogenetic features in adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma portions of the tumor.

    PubMed

    Kakar, Sanjay; Grenert, James P; Paradis, Valerie; Pote, Nicolas; Jakate, Shriram; Ferrell, Linda D

    2014-11-01

    Well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma in non-cirrhotic liver can show morphological features similar to hepatocellular adenoma. In rare instances, hepatocellular carcinoma can arise in the setting of hepatocellular adenoma. This study compares the immunohistochemical and cytogenetic features of the hepatocellular adenoma-like and hepatocellular carcinoma portions of these tumors. Immunohistochemistry for ?-catenin, glutamine synthetase, serum amyloid A protein, glypican-3, and heat-shock protein 70 was done in 11 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma arising in hepatocellular adenoma in non-cirrhotic liver. Tumors with nuclear ?-catenin and/or diffuse glutamine synthetase were considered ?-catenin activated. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was done in nine cases for gains of chromosomes 1, 8 and MYC. There were seven men (33-75 years) and four women (29-65 years). Focal atypical morphological features were seen in hepatocellular adenoma-like areas in 7 (64%) cases. Hepatocellular adenoma-like areas showed features of inflammatory hepatocellular adenoma in 7 (64%) cases; 4 of these were also serum amyloid A-positive in the hepatocellular carcinoma portion. ?-Catenin activation, heat-shock protein 70 positivity, and chromosomal gains on FISH were seen in the hepatocellular adenoma portion in 55%, 40%, and 56% of cases, and 73%, 60%, and 78% of cases in the hepatocellular carcinoma portion, respectively. In conclusion, the hepatocellular adenoma-like portion of most cases of hepatocellular carcinoma arising in hepatocellular adenoma shows features typically seen in hepatocellular carcinoma such as focal morphological abnormalities, ?-catenin activation, heat-shock protein 70 expression, and chromosomal gains. Hepatocellular adenoma-like areas in these tumors, especially in men and older women, may represent an extremely well-differentiated variant of hepatocellular carcinoma, whereas the morphologically recognizable hepatocellular carcinoma portion represents a relatively higher grade component of the tumor. PMID:24743216

  13. TERATOMA WITH MALIGNANT TRANSFORMATION: DIVERSE MALIGNANT HISTOLOGIES ARISING IN MEN WITH GERM CELL TUMORS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Motzer; Alison Amsterdam; Victor Prieto; Joel Sheinfeld; V. V. V. S. Murty; Madhu Mazumdar; George J. Bosl; R. S. K. Chaganti; Victor E. Reuter

    1998-01-01

    PurposeTeratoma with malignant transformation refers to a form of germ cell tumor in which a somatic teratomatous component becomes morphologically malignant and develops aggressive growth. We evaluated the spectrum of histologies, chromosomal abnormalities and clinical outcome in patients with teratoma with malignant transformation.

  14. Human skin carcinoma arising from kidney transplant–derived tumor cells

    PubMed Central

    Verneuil, Laurence; Varna, Mariana; Ratajczak, Philippe; Leboeuf, Christophe; Plassa, Louis-François; Elbouchtaoui, Morad; Schneider, Pierre; Sandid, Wissam; Lebbé, Celeste; Peraldi, Marie-Noelle; Sigaux, François; de Thé, Hugues; Janin, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Tumor cells with donor genotype have been identified in human skin cancer after allogeneic transplantation; however, the donor contribution to the malignant epithelium has not been established. Kidney transplant recipients have an increased risk of invasive skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which is associated with accumulation of the tumor suppressor p53 and TP53 mutations. In 21 skin SCCs from kidney transplant recipients, we systematically assessed p53 expression and donor/recipient origin in laser-microdissected p53+ tumor cells. In one patient, molecular analyses demonstrated that skin tumor cells had the donor genotype and harbored a TP53 mutation in codon 175. In a kidney graft biopsy performed 7 years before the skin SCC diagnosis, we found p53+ cells in the renal tubules. We identified the same TP53 mutation in these p53+ epithelial cells from the kidney transplant. These findings provide evidence for a donor epithelial cell contribution to the malignant skin epithelium in the recipient in the setting of allogeneic kidney transplantation. This finding has theoretical implications for cancer initiation and progression and clinical implications in the context of prolonged immunosuppression and longer survival of kidney transplant patients. PMID:23979160

  15. Genetic analysis of nonpathogenic Agrobacterium tumefaciens mutants arising in crown gall tumors.

    PubMed Central

    Bélanger, C; Canfield, M L; Moore, L W; Dion, P

    1995-01-01

    Little is known about the effect of the host on the genetic stability of bacterial plant pathogens. Crown gall, a plant disease caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, may represent a useful model to study this effect. Indeed, our previous observations on the natural occurrence and origin of nonpathogenic agrobacteria suggest that the host plant might induce loss of pathogenicity in populations of A. tumefaciens. Here we report that five different A. tumefaciens strains initially isolated from apple tumors produced up to 99% nonpathogenic mutants following their reintroduction into axenic apple plants. Two of these five strains were also found to produce mutants on pear and/or blackberry plants. Generally, the mutants of the apple isolate D10B/87 were altered in the tumor-inducing plasmid, harboring either deletions in this plasmid or point mutations in the regulatory virulence gene virG. Most of the mutants originating from the same tumor appeared to be of clonal origin, implying that the host plants influenced agrobacterial populations by favoring growth of nonpathogenic mutants over that of wild-type cells. This hypothesis was confirmed by coinoculation of apple rootstocks with strain D10B/87 and a nonpathogenic mutant. PMID:7601840

  16. Concurrent Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor Arising from the Omentum and Grade 3 Endometrial Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma of the Uterus with p53 Immunoreactivity

    PubMed Central

    Nobuhara, Ichiro; Haruta, Noriko; Higashiura, Yumi; Watanabe, Hideki; Ohno, Sumire

    2014-01-01

    A malignant solitary fibrous tumor arising from the omentum is extremely rare. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a malignant solitary fibrous omentum tumor coexisting with uterine corpus cancer. A 62-year-old woman presented to our hospital with vaginal discharge. Endometrioid adenocarcinoma was diagnosed by endometrial curettage. In addition, a solid tumor in front of the uterus was detected following computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging, which was suspected to be a primary (or secondary) malignant tumor arising from the omentum. Hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, omentectomy, and lymphadenectomy were performed. A malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the omentum and grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus were diagnosed by pathohistological analysis. Interestingly, the tumor cells were immunoreactive for p53. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered for the uterine corpus cancer and the patient remains healthy 48 months after the surgery. These tumors may have become malignant due to the presence of p53 mutations. PMID:25114818

  17. Cellular schwannoma arising from the gastric wall misdiagnosed as a gastric stromal tumor: A case report.

    PubMed

    Wang, Guangyao; Chen, Ping; Zong, Liang; Shi, Lei; Zhao, Wei

    2014-02-01

    Cellular schwannomas have been previously described at almost every anatomic location of the human body, but reports in the gastric wall are rare. The current study presents a rare case of cellular schwannoma originating from the gastric wall. Computed tomography revealed a 5.6×5.3×4.0-cm(3) solid mass located in the posterior wall of the stomach. Open laparotomy confirmed its mesenchymal origin. Microscopically, the tissue was composed of spindle-shaped and fascicularly-arranged cells, but mitotic figures were rare. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor was negative for cluster of differentiation (CD)117, CD34, smooth muscle actin and desmin, but positive for S-100 and Ki67. The patient presented no evidence of recurrence and metastasis during follow-up. Gastric cellular schwannomas may be diagnosed by clinical characteristics, histological observations and immunohistochemical markers. PMID:24396458

  18. Establishment and characterization of new cell lines derived from melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy arising in the mandible.

    PubMed

    Metwaly, Hamdy; Cheng, Jun; Maruyama, Satoshi; Ohshiro, Kazufumi; Suzuki, Ichiro; Hoshina, Yukiko; Saku, Takashi

    2005-06-01

    Three cell systems (MINT1/2/3) derived from a melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) arising in the mandible of a 1-month-old newborn boy have been established, and their cytological natures have been characterized. The cells had immunopositivities for pan-keratin, vimentin, neuron-specific enolase, S-100 protein and melanoma-associated antigen (HMB-45). These immunohistochemical phenotypes were basically the same as those observed in tissue sections, in which, synaptophysin, myelin basic protein, c-myc gene products, carcinoembryonic antigen, and epithelial membrane antigen were also immunolocalized in tumor cells. Karyotyping analyzes revealed that the chromosome numbers of the three cell systems ranged from 60 to 67 with 3n ploidies, and that there were many structural aberrations, such as del(11)(q13), del(22)(q13), add(2)(p11), add(7)(q22), extra copies for chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 20, and 22, der(9)t(9;13)(p13;q12)add(9)(q34), and der(13;21)(q10;q10), which were shared by the three cell systems, while der(19)t(11;19)(q13;p13) was found in MINT1 and MINT3. When stimulated by endothelin-3 and vitamin D(3), the cells had spinous cell shapes with immunopositivities for HMB-45, neurofilament protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein, which indicated more neural differentiation. The established cell systems will be useful for further investigation on the molecular and genetic basis of MNTI to understand its pathogenesis, which is largely unknown. PMID:15943790

  19. Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) arising from the acoustic nerve in a young adult: a case report and a review of literature.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xingfu; Liu, Xueyong; Lin, Zhixiong; Chen, Yupeng; Wang, Pengcheng; Zhang, Sheng

    2015-01-01

    Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RTs) are rare, highly malignant central nervous system tumors that predominantly occur in young children. A 22-year-old woman presented with a 4-year history of relapsing tinnitus and gradual hearing loss. Neuroimaging revealed an enhanced intrinsic left internal auditory canal mass. The patient underwent radiotherapy treatment. Three years later, the tumor size continued to increase, as observed by imaging, and ultimately evolved into the left cerebellopontine angle. As a consequence, a total tumor resection was performed, and a pathological diagnosis of AT/RT was made. Aggressive radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment continued; however, the tumor recurred within 11 months after the total tumor resection. The patient died within 4 months of the second operation. Histopathologically, the tumor contained characteristic rhabdoid cells with areas that resembled a classical primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Immunostaining showed loss of INI1 protein expression in tumor cells, and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed a hemizygous deletion of the hSNF5/INI1 gene region on 22q11.2. This is the first report of an AT/RT that arised from the acoustic nerve in a young adult. Despite manifold diagnostic and therapeutic advances, the prognosis of patients with AT/RT remains poor. PMID:25634176

  20. A bilateral primary yolk sac tumor of the lung associated with chromosome 3 polysomy: understanding the Oct 3/4 and Sox 2 interaction.

    PubMed

    Arora, Shitij; Patel, Harish; Mir, Pervez; Mishra, Sneha; Kalra, Amita; Sawhney, Harinder; Duffoo, Frantz; Macera, Mike; Abdu, Afaf; Thelmo, William

    2013-01-01

    Extragonadal germ cell tumors (EGCTs) in the lung are extremely rare and their pathogenesis is poorly understood. We report a case in a 48-year-old female which was very aggressive and stained positive for primoridial germ cell markers. Interestingly, there was chromosome 3 polysomy noted. To our knowledge this is the first chromosomal aberration noted in a primary germ cell tumor of the lung. PMID:23114647

  1. A case of probable benign pulmonary "metastases" or implants arising from a giant cell tumor of bone.

    PubMed

    Mirra, J M; Ulich, T; Magidson, J; Kaiser, L; Eckardt, J; Gold, R

    1982-01-01

    Several large pulmonary lesions were found in a 45-year-old woman after therapy for a typical tibial giant cell tumor. The pulmonary lesions were incidentally found during a routine chest examination four years after the original bone tumor had been found. Removal of the lung lesions showed ordinary giant cell tumor identical to the primary bone tumor, with no evidence of sarcomatous transformation. After an analysis of 12 other well-documented cases in the world literature, we postulate that the lung lesions in this case probably represent benign "metastases;" i.e., benign tumor implants compatable with a good long-term prognosis, rather than the usual lethal course associated with the vast majority of metastatic malignancies. PMID:7067219

  2. Synchronous primary carcinoid tumor and primary adenocarcinoma arising within mature cystic teratoma of horseshoe kidney: a unique case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Armah, Henry B; Parwani, Anil V; Perepletchikov, Aleksandr M

    2009-01-01

    Background Malignant transformation of mature cystic teratoma is a rare complication. While any of the constituent tissues of a teratoma has the potential to undergo malignant transformation, squamous cell carcinoma is the most commonly associated malignancy. Renal carcinoid tumors are rare and frequently associated with horseshoe kidney and renal teratoma. Renal teratoma rarely presents together with carcinoid tumor or adenocarcinoma. To the best of our knowledge, there has never been a report of renal teratoma coexisting with both carcinoid tumor and adenocarcinoma. Methods Here, we present a unique and first case of synchronous primary carcinoid tumor and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma arising within mature cystic teratoma of horseshoe kidney in a 50-year-old female. Lumbar spine X-ray, done for her complaint of progressive chronic low back pain, accidentally found a large calcification overlying the lower pole of the right kidney. Further radiologic studies revealed horseshoe kidney and a large multiseptated cystic lesion immediately anterior to the right renal pelvis with central calcification and peripheral enhancement. She underwent right partial nephrectomy. Results Macroscopically, the encapsulated complex solid and multiloculated cystic tumor with large calcification, focal thickened walls and filled with yellow-tan gelatinous material. Microscopically, the tumor showed coexistent mature cystic teratoma, moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma and carcinoid tumor. Immunohistochemically, alpha-methylacyl-coenzyme A-racemase, calretinin, CD10 and thyroid transcription factor-1 were negative in all the three components of the tumor. The teratomatous cysts lined by ciliated epithelium showed strong staining for cytokeratin 7 and pancytokeratin, and those lined by colonic-like epithelium showed strong staining for CDX2, cytokeratin 20 and pancytokeratin, but both were negative for calretinin. Additionally, the teratomatous cyst wall showed strong staining for smooth muscle actin, and weak staining for carbonic anhydrase IX, CD99, chromogranin and synaptophysin. The adenocarcinoma component was strongly positive for cytokeratin 7 and pancytokeratin, weakly positive for synaptophysin and CD56, and negative for carbonic anhydrase IX, CD99, CDX2, chromogranin, cytokeratin 20 and smooth muscle actin. The carcinoid tumor component was strongly positive for CD56, chromogranin and synaptophysin, weakly positive for pancytokeratin, and negative for carbonic anhydrase IX, CD99, CDX2, cytokeratin 7, cytokeratin 20 and smooth muscle actin. She received no adjuvant therapy and is alive without evidence of disease six months after diagnosis and surgery. Conclusion This unique and first case herein presented with synchronous primary carcinoid tumor and primary adenocarcinoma arising within mature cystic teratoma of horseshoe kidney emphasizes the need for thorough sectioning and entire submission for histologic evaluation of mature cystic teratomas, in order to avoid missing multiple additional histogenetically distinct neoplasms. PMID:19523243

  3. Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartomas arise secondary to germline and somatic mutations of DICER1 in the pleuropulmonary blastoma tumor predisposition disorder.

    PubMed

    Stewart, Douglas R; Messinger, Yoav; Williams, Gretchen M; Yang, Jiandong; Field, Amanda; Schultz, Kris Ann P; Harney, Laura A; Doros, Leslie A; Dehner, Louis P; Hill, D Ashley

    2014-11-01

    Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is a rare nasal tumor that typically presents in young children. We previously reported on NCMH occurrence in children with pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB), a rare pulmonary dysembryonic sarcoma that is the hallmark neoplasm in the PPB-associated DICER1 tumor predisposition disorder. Original pathologic materials from individuals with a PPB, PPB-associated tumor and/or a DICER1 mutation were centrally reviewed by the International PPB Registry. Paraffin-embedded NCMH tumor tissue was available in three cases. Laser-capture microdissection was used to isolate mesenchymal spindle cells and cartilage in one case for Sanger sequencing of DICER1. Nine patients (5F/4M) had PPB and NCMH. NCMH was diagnosed at a median age of 10 years (range 6-21 years). NCMH developed 4.5-13 years after PPB. Presenting NCMH symptoms included chronic sinusitis and nasal congestion. Five patients had bilateral tumors. Local NCMH recurrences required several surgical resections in two patients, but all nine patients were alive at 0-16 years of follow-up. Pathogenic germline DICER1 mutations were found in 6/8 NCMH patients tested. In 2 of the patients with germline DICER1 mutations, somatic DICER1 missense mutations were also identified in their NCMH (E1813D; n = 2). Three additional PPB patients developed other nasal lesions seen in the general population (a Schneiderian papilloma, chronic sinusitis with cysts, and allergic nasal polyps with eosinophils). Two of these patients had germline DICER1 mutations. Pathogenic germline and somatic mutations of DICER1 in NCMH establishes that the genetic etiology of NCMH is similar to PPB, despite the disparate biological potential of these neoplasms. PMID:25118636

  4. Recent developments in SAC2000

    SciTech Connect

    Goldstein, P.; Dodge, D.; Firpo, M

    1997-07-01

    Before discussing recent developments in SAC2000, I will summarize what SAC2000 is/does. SAC2000 is the rebirth and evolution of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL`s) Seismic Analysis Code (SAC) developed during the 1980`s for a variety of geophysical applications. Primary funding for the development of SAC2000 has been through the LLNL as part of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) CTBT R&D program. The primary development goals for SAC2000 have been to meet the seismic signal processing and analysis needs of the DOE CTBT R&D teams and the rest of the CTBT R&D community. SAC2000`s strengths include its ability to process a diverse range of data types, its extensive, well documented signal processing capabilities (both on-line and on the web at http://www-ep.es.llnl.gov/tvp/sac.html), its macro language, and its ability to do both branch and interactive processing. Its extensive usage (over 200 institutions worldwide) had also made it much easier for researchers to develop collaborative research projects. SAC2000`s extensive signal processing capabilities include: data inspection, signal correction, and quality control, unary and binary data operations, travel-time analysis, spectral analysis including high-resolution spectral estimation, spectrograms and binary sonograms, and array and three-component analysis. Recent development in SAC2000 include: enhanced compatibility with the CSS3.0 database schema, complete compatibility with the widely used SEED data format instrument responses, map making capabilities via an interface to GMT, a new three component polarization and phase identification tool, an external interface that allows users to define their own commands, and an interface to MATLAB that allows the user to use MATLAB commands and scripts on SAC data from within SAC2000. We have also implemented a number of commands to enhance user efficiency and numerous improvements and enhancements to many individual SAC commands. Current development in SAC2000 are motivated by the need for easy and efficient access to, and processing and interpretation of large amounts of data. We are also driven by the need to communicate results from SAC2000 to our database and other programs. Based on these needs, we have begun developing a new data structure for SAC 2000. This new structure will completely compatible with the standard SAC format but will also allow us to access, modify, and output all the information in CSS3.0 based oracle databases or CSS3.0 flat files. Given the variety of data types that are currently possible in SAC2000 and other programs, and the likelihood that additional data types or parameters will be needed in the future, we designing SAC2000`s new format to be easily extendible and anticipate incorporation of significant extensions to the CSS3.0 schema.

  5. Verrucous carcinoma arising in an extended giant condyloma acuminatum (Buschke–Löwenstein tumor): a case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Verrucous carcinoma of the external genitalia and perianal region is a rare variant of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. It has been reported to have limited metastatic potential. Case presentation We report the case of a 54 year-old Moroccan man who presented with locally advanced giant condyloma acuminatum (Buschke–Löwenstein tumor) after prolonged intervals of neglect (approximately 10 years). The disease covered his suprapubic, external genitalia and perianal region. It was locally aggressive with extensive tissue destruction. After a biopsy of the lesion, the diagnosis of verrucous carcinoma was confirmed. He initially received chemoradiotherapy, followed by extensive local excision, but he developed septic shock and died a few days later. Conclusions The purpose of this case report is to present a case of verrucous carcinoma arising in an extensive giant condyloma acuminatum (Buschke–Löwenstein tumor) and discuss the literature on its diagnosis and management. PMID:24354693

  6. Pituitary carcinoma with endolymphatic sac metastasis.

    PubMed

    Balili, Irida; Sullivan, Steven; Mckeever, Paul; Barkan, Ariel

    2014-06-01

    Pituitary carcinoma is characterized by the presence of a metastatic lesion(s) in a location non-contiguous with the original pituitary tumor. The mechanism(s) of malignant transformation are not known. A 15 year-old male was diagnosed in 1982 with a pituitary macroadenoma and acromegaly (random GH 67 ng/ml and no suppression by oral glucose). His prolactin was normal between 18 and 23 ng/ml. Transcranial resection in July 1983 was followed by radiation therapy. The tumor was immunopositive for GH and prolactin. The proliferation MIB-1 index was 0-1%. With aqueous Octreotide 100 mcg 4× daily both GH and IGF-1 became normal. The patient was lost to follow-up and was treated by his local physician. In 2001, his IGF-1 level was 1271 ng/ml, and his random GH was 1.8-2.4 ng/ml by ILMA despite progressive increase in the dose of Sandostatin LAR to 140 mg/month in divided doses. Prolactin remained normal or minimally increased between 15 and 25 ng/ml. In 2009 he was diagnosed with the tumor in the location of left endolymphatic sac. Histological examination showed low grade pituitary carcinoma strongly immunopositive for prolactin but negative for GH. MIB-1 antibody labeled 0-5% cells. In 2012 endoscopic resection of the pituitary tumor remnant was attempted. Immunohistochemical stains were strongly immunopositive for both prolactin and GH, similar to his original pituitary tumor. The MIB-1 proliferation index was low from 0 to 1%. To our knowledge this is the first case of pituitary carcinoma in the endolymphatic sac region. The dichotomy between the cell population of the pituitary lesion (GH/prolactin producing) and the metastasis (purely prolactin-producing) may suggest that the metastatic pituitary lesion derived from a clone distinct from the original one. PMID:23645293

  7. A Primary Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor Arising from Left Subclavian Vein and Extending along Left Brachiocephalic Vein and Superior Vena Cava into Right Atrium.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jian; Wang, Weici; Li, Yiqing; Jin, Bi; Yu, Miao; Liu, Wenqi; Yao, Shaohua; Liao, Yonggui; Ouyang, Chenxi

    2015-05-01

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is an extremely rare malignancy thought to be derived from fetal neuroectodermal precursor cells. It usually occurs in central and peripheral nervous system or soft tissue and bone, while intravenous or intracavitary PNET is considered as an extremely rare tumor. We reported a case of a 44-year-old woman who presented with the left unilateral facial and neck swelling. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tape-shaped solid mass within left subclavian vein, left brachiocephalic vein, superior vena cava, and right atrium; the proximal end proportion occupied almost the entire right atrium with a pedicle flip protruded into the right ventricle. Ultrasonography revealed an irregular hypoechnoic mass arising from the left subclavian vein, which extended along the left brachiocephalic vein and superior vena cava into the right atrium and up to the right ventricle. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography revealed several hypermetabolic thyroid nodules with no evidence of intravenous hyperactive lesion. The patient underwent tumor resection under cardiopulmonary bypass. At 15 days postoperatively, total thyroidectomy and resection of the left subclavian vein were simultaneously performed. The patient received chemotherapy and radiotherapy later. Histologically, the neoplasm displayed small, round, blue cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and scant cytoplasm. The neoplastic cells showed a strong immunopositivity for CD99, synaptophysin, CD56, CD57, and friend leukemia integration 1, thus confirming a diagnosis of the PNET. Histopathological examination of the thyroid showed papillary carcinoma. Thus, this PNET had no definitive organ or tissue of origin, which primarily originated from the left subclavian vein with tumor extension along the superior vena cava to the right ventricle. PMID:25725277

  8. Wolf's post-herpetic isotopic response: Infections, tumors, and immune disorders arising on the site of healed herpetic infection.

    PubMed

    Ruocco, Vincenzo; Ruocco, Eleonora; Brunetti, Giampiero; Russo, Teresa; Gambardella, Alessio; Wolf, Ronni

    2014-01-01

    Herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1/HSV-2) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) have several characteristics in common. Both are epidermoneurotropic, cause skin eruptions accompanied by sensory symptoms (itch, pain), damage peripheral sensory nerve fibers and cutaneous nerve endings, and interfere with neuromediator release, which can alter local mechanisms of immune control. For this reason, herpes-infected areas may become a preferential location for the subsequent onset of immunity-related skin disorders (infections, tumors, and dysimmune reactions), an event first reported by a neurologist and focused on by two brothers, a dermatologist and a pediatrician. The phenomenon therefore named Wolf's post-herpetic isotopic response (PHIR) refers to the occurrence of a new skin disorder at the site of a previous and already healed herpetic eruption (herpes zoster in most cases). Until now, we have been able to gather 189 well-documented cases of PHIR (all reported in the reference section), but our list is far from being complete. Some of the most emblematic cases are briefly described here. In some circumstances, the opposite of PHIR occurs, with diffuse skin disorders or eruptions that selectively spare herpes-infected areas (Wolf's post-herpetic isotopic nonresponse). Experimental investigations with patch testing have been performed in seven patients who were sensitized to nickel and had had herpes zoster in the past years. The tests were carried out bilaterally on the affected dermatomes and on the unaffected contralateral ones. The uneven immune responses we obtained have shown that the immune behavior of an herpes zoster-affected dermatome can be different from that of the corresponding contralateral dermatome, thus supporting the existence of immune dysregulation in herpes-infected areas. PMID:25160097

  9. Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2015-03-24

    Germ Cell Tumor; Teratoma; Choriocarcinoma; Germinoma; Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Yolk Sac Tumor; Childhood Teratoma; Malignant Germ Cell Neoplasm; Extragonadal Seminoma; Non-seminomatous Germ Cell Tumor; Seminoma

  10. Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma manifesting in a hernia sac.

    PubMed

    Val-Bernal, José Fernando; Mayorga, Marta; Val, Daniel; Garijo, María Francisca

    2014-09-01

    Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma (WDPM) is a tumor of uncertain malignant potential that usually occurs as a multifocal lesion of the female peritoneum, and is incidentally found at the time of surgery. We present here a multifocal case that had arisen from the lining of a hernia sac. To our knowledge, only four cases of this event have been previously described. A review of the five cases reported, including our case, revealed that the mean age of the patients was 56.6±8.35 years. There was predominance in men (4:1). In four cases, the lesion was incidental. Most tumors were found in inguinal hernias. Four cases presented with gross abnormalities in the hernia sac. All the five patients were alive with no evidence of WDPM after a mean follow-up of 38.6 months. Extensive sampling of this rare lesion helps to rule out an epithelial malignant mesothelioma and prevents overtreatment. PMID:24860916

  11. Project ARISE

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dr. Leon Lederman

    2006-02-13

    Project ARISE (American Renaissance in Science Education) is an initiative to restructure the high-school science curriculum by changing the order in which courses are traditionally taught--placing physics first, followed by chemistry, then biology (instead of biology-chemistry-physics). This approach to the science curriculum is a collaborative effort that brings teachers and scientists together in the educational process. Site materials include a brief overview of the program and a video presentation on the state of science education in the United States. There are also curriculum materials for each subject: sets of units on biology and physics, and tutorials and lab simulations for chemistry.

  12. Malignant melanoma of the lacrimal sac.

    PubMed

    Levine, M R; Dinar, Y; Davies, R

    1996-04-01

    The case of an 80-year-old woman who presented with a 1-year history of a right medial canthal mass and bloody tears and who was found to have a lacrimal sac melanoma is reported. A literature search revealed that only 16 cases of primary lacrimal sac melanoma have been reported. Current therapeutic modalities are discussed. PMID:8705748

  13. DNA Analysis in Samples From Younger Patients With Germ Cell Tumors and Their Parents or Siblings

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2015-05-11

    Childhood Malignant Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor; Ovarian Choriocarcinoma; Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma; Ovarian Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Ovarian Teratoma; Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor; Testicular Choriocarcinoma; Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma; Testicular Seminoma; Testicular Teratoma; Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor

  14. Combined resection and multi-agent adjuvant chemotherapy for desmoplastic small round cell tumor arising in the abdominal cavity: Report of a case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chang-Cheng Chang; Jun-Te Hsu; Jeng-Hwei Tseng; Tsann-Long Hwang; Han-Ming Chen; Yi-Yin Jan

    Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare, highly aggressive malignancy with distinctive histological features: a nesting pattern of cellular growth within dense desmoplastic stroma, occurring in young popula- tion with male predominance. The mean survival period is only about 1.5-2.5 years. The tumor has co-expressed epithelial, muscle, and neural markers in immunohisto- chemical studies. This work reports a

  15. Coexistence of Glomangioma and Yolk Sac Tumour in a Child: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Toy, Hatice; Gunel, Engin; Caliskan, Umran; Koksal, Yavuz

    2014-01-01

    Glomus tumours (GTs) primarily arise from glomus bodies that are located in the dermis layer of skin. However, they can be encountered ectopically in most parts of the body. As a result of researches done in a 17-month-old male patient who prssented to us with complaint of an increasingly growing swelling, he was diagnosed with a yolk sac tumour. Chemotherapy was started and then, he was operated. GT was found inside the tumoural mass. Our patient, who is the first case according to our knowledge, where the concurrence of yolk sac and glomus tumours was reported, has been discussed in the light of literature. PMID:24995227

  16. Experimental hyperactivity of the endolymphatic sac.

    PubMed

    Friis, Morten; Thomsen, Allan Randrup; Poulsen, Steen Seier; Qvortrup, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    Injury to the endolymphatic sac may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Ménière's disease, an inner ear disorder characterized by hearing loss, tinnitus and attacks of vertigo. Isoimmunization of 16 inbred Lewis rats with a crude endolymphatic sac extract and complete Freund's adjuvant induced hyperactivity of the endolymphatic sac. One group of rats was immunized by a single dose whereas a second group was immunized twice. Control animals were injected with Freund's adjuvant in saline only. Serum was collected from all rats by the end of the study and harvested autoantibodies were tested by immunohistochemistry. The endolymphatic sacs were investigated by transmission electron microscopy. Endolymphatic sac stimulation was observed in all immunized rats. Based on detailed ultrastructural observations, the degree of reactivity seemed proportional to the number of injections and the extent of immunization. Moreover, the ribosome-rich cells seemed hyperactive with an extravagant content of intracellular components: numerous rough endoplasmic reticulum and free ribosomes, morphological signs of extensive endo- and exocytosis, vesicles of material with a density similar to the homogeneous substance of which many were observed to fuse with primary lysozymes. Basolateral foldings were numerous and in the subepithelial capillaries formation of multiple and apposing fenestrations were observed. No endolymphatic sac stimulation was observed in the control animals. Specific ribosome-rich cell alterations identical to those present in the endolymphatic sac of Ménière's disease were observed 21 days after the first immunization. The observations suggest that either an autoantigen or a trophic factor, capable of inducing a hyperactivity of the ribosome-rich cells and an imbalance of the homogeneous substance metabolism, exists in the endolymphatic sac of the rat. PMID:23296206

  17. Tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    ... environmental substance. Other risk factors for cancer include: Benzene and other chemicals and toxins Drinking too much ... a tumor is found, a piece of the tissue is removed and examined under a microscope. This ...

  18. Histopathology after Endolymphatic Sac Surgery for Meniere’s Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Jong Woo; Fayad, Jose; Linthicum, Fred; Ishiyama, Akira; Merchant, Saumil N.

    2011-01-01

    Background The putative goal of sac surgery in Meniere’s syndrome is to promote the flow of endolymph from the labyrinth to the endolymphatic sac, and thereby relieving hydrops. There is scant published histopathological data whether sac surgery actually accomplishes this goal. Objective To determine if sac surgery relieves hydrops by examining the histopathologic changes in temporal bones obtained from individuals who had undergone sac surgery during life for Meniere’s syndrome. Methods Temporal bones were examined from 15 patients who had sac surgery. Data was collected on presence and severity of hydrops, histology of the sac, and whether the procedure relieved vertigo. Results The surgery failed to expose the sac in 5 cases; 4 of the 5 had relief from vertigo. The sac was exposed, but the shunt failed to reach the lumen of the sac in 8 cases; 4 of the 8 had relief from vertigo. The shunt was successfully placed within the lumen of the sac in two cases; both cases failed to experience relief from vertigo. Endolymphatic hydrops was present in all 15 cases. Conclusion Endolymphatic sac surgery does not relieve hydrops in patients with Meniere’s syndrome. Yet, sac surgery relieves vertigo in some patients, but the mechanism of such symptomatic relief remains unknown. PMID:21436748

  19. 69. Vice President Ford entering SAC command post, February, 1974 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    69. Vice President Ford entering SAC command post, February, 1974 - Offutt Air Force Base, Strategic Air Command Headquarters & Command Center, Headquarters Building, 901 SAC Boulevard, Bellevue, Sarpy County, NE

  20. SAC Minutes Wednesday, Oct 24, 2012

    E-print Network

    Pulfrey, David L.

    SAC Minutes Wednesday, Oct 24, 2012 SUB ROOM 266J, 3:00pm Attendance: Adam Melhem, Alishia Adam, Caroline Wong, Elaine Kuo, Clarke Mccorkell, Kathleen Handfield, Barnabas Caro, Philip He, Jeffrey Smith with athletics Adam and Nicola to follow up with club regarding finances 3. MOVED ALISHIA ADAM, SECONDED PHILIP

  1. SAC Tax Help Prepared Feb. 2010

    E-print Network

    Doering, Tamara

    1 SAC Tax Help Prepared Feb. 2010 Disclaimer: We are not tax experts, and cannot be held responsible for your tax forms. (neither can DBBS, WashU, etc...) 1 Taxes for international students Go to http://oisshome.wustl.edu/taxes/FilingTaxes.html for tax information from the Office for International

  2. Quantitative assessment of gestational sac shape: the gestational sac shape score

    PubMed Central

    Deter, R.L.; Li, J.; Lee, W.; Liu, S.; Romero, R.

    2012-01-01

    Objective To develop a quantitative method for characterizing gestational sac shape. Methods Twenty first-trimester gestational sacs in normal pregnancies were studied with three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography. The 3D coordinates of surface-point sets were obtained for each sac using 30-, 15- and six-slice sampling. Cubic spline interpolation was used with the 15- and six-slice surface-point samples to generate coordinates for those 30-slice surface points not measured. Interpolated and measured values, the latter from the 30-slice sample, were compared and the percent error calculated. Cubic spline interpolation was used to determine the coordinates of a standard surface-point sample (3660) for each sac in each slice sample. These coordinate data were used to give each sac a standard configuration by moving its center of gravity to the origin, aligning its inertial axes along the coordinate axes and converting its volume to 1.0 mL. In this form, a volume shape descriptor could be generated for each sac that was then transformed into a vector containing only shape information. The 20 shape vectors of each slice sample were subjected to principal components analysis, and principal component scores (PCSs) calculated. The first four PCSs were used to define a gestational sac shape score (GSSS-30, GSSS-15 or GSSS-6) for each sac in a given slice sample. The characteristics of each set of GSSSs were determined and those for the GSSS-15 and GSSS-6 were compared with the GSSS-30 characteristics. Results Cubic spline interpolations were very accurate in most cases, with means close to 0%, and approximately 95% of the errors being less than 10%. GSSS-30 accounted for 67.6% of the shape variance, had a mean of zero and an SD of 1.1, was normally distributed and was not related to menstrual age (R = ?0.16, P = 0.51). GSSS-15 and GSSS-6 had essentially the same characteristics. No significant differences between individual GSSS-30 values and those for GSSS-15 or GSSS-6 were found, indicating the absence of a slice sample effect. Conclusion Using sophisticated mathematical methods, the gestational sac shape, initially represented by the 3D coordinates of 3660 surface points, was converted to a single number, the GSSS. This score had the appropriate properties for quantitatively characterizing normal, first-trimester gestational sac shapes. As it can be obtained from as few as six slices, it should be useful in many clinical situations. This novel approach has the potential for providing quantitative shape information about a variety of biological shapes and how they change over time. PMID:17444551

  3. Aquarius/SAC-D Mission Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sen, Amit; Kim, Yunjin; Caruso, Daniel; Lagerloef, Gary; Colomb, Raul; Yueh, Simon; LeVine, David

    2006-01-01

    Aquarius/SAC-D is a cooperative international mission developed between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of United States of America (USA) and the Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales (CONAE) of Argentina. The overall mission objective is to contribute to the understanding of the total Earth system and the consequences of the natural and man-made changes in the environment of the planet. Major themes are: ocean surface salinity, water cycle, climate, natural hazards and cryosphere.

  4. Aquarius/SAC-D Educational Wall Poster

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a poster about the Aquarius/SAC-D satellite mission, with an image depicting the satellite in orbit. The back of the poster describes the mission's scientific goals and benefits, including the scientific value of maps of sea surface salinity. The Hands On Activities & Online Data Tools panel gives an overview of the classroom lessons and tools that are available on the mission website.

  5. The SAC-D/Aquarius mission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colomb, F. R.; Lagerloef, G.

    The goal of the SAC-D/Aquarius Mission is to contribute to the understanding of the whole Earth system and the consequences of the natural and man-made changes in the environment of the planet. The measurements performed by this observatory shall contribute to a better interpretation of oceanic circulation and the prediction of its changes, as well as its effects on the Earth climate and the water cycle. The SAC-D/Aquarius Mission comprises the SAC-D satellite provided by CONAE, NASA Aquarius instrument for measuring sea salinity, CONAE instruments, included the New InfraRed Scanner Technology (NIRST) camera, the K-band radiometers, which will provided complementary surface temperature measurements, surface winds, rainfall and characteristics of sea ice. A high sensitivity Optical Camera and the Data Collection Transceptor complete the set of Argentine instruments that shall be designed and built by CONAE with the participation of other scientific organizations in the country. Another possible contributions are: the LAGRANGE instrument of the Italian Space Agency (ASI), devoted to observations of GPS satellite occultations in order to supply information about the atmosphere temperature, pressure and water vapor pressure contents and the SODAD instrument of the French Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), for the measurement of the properties of micrometeorites and space debris. This set of instruments was defined taking into account the Cycles of Space Information II and III of the National Space Program, which refer to coastal and oceanic studies, sea-atmosphere-land interactions, global phenomena such as El Niño and emergency management This Mission will be positioned into orbit in September 2008, by a NASA provided Delta II spacecraft. The command, control, monitoring and data acquisition shall be in charge of CONAE's Córdoba Ground Station. The analysis and interpretation of data shall be performed by a considerable number of scientists, who have already held a first meeting with an attendance of over 70 professionals from our country and abroad, where subjects associated to dissemination and use of the SAC-D/Aquarius Mission results were discussed, in addition to the strictly scientific themes. In a second meeting, to be held next April, there will be also researchers from ESA's SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) and NASA's HYDROS satellite missions in order to coordinate international working groups on sea salinity and soil moisture. The main characteristics of the SAC-D/Aquarius Mission and its instruments are reported in this paper.

  6. Crystal plasticity finite element analysis of deformation behaviour in SAC305 solder joint

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Darbandi, Payam

    Due to the awareness of the potential health hazards associated with the toxicity of lead (Pb), actions have been taken to eliminate or reduce the use of Pb in consumer products. Among those, tin (Sn) solders have been used for the assembly of electronic systems. Anisotropy is of significant importance in all structural metals, but this characteristic is unusually strong in Sn, making Sn based solder joints one of the best examples of the influence of anisotropy. The effect of anisotropy arising from the crystal structure of tin and large grain microstructure on the microstructure and the evolution of constitutive responses of microscale SAC305 solder joints is investigated. Insights into the effects of key microstructural features and dominant plastic deformation mechanisms influencing the measured relative activity of slip systems in SAC305 are obtained from a combination of optical microscopy, orientation imaging microscopy (OIM), slip plane trace analysis and crystal plasticity finite element (CPFE) modeling. Package level SAC305 specimens were subjected to shear deformation in sequential steps and characterized using optical microscopy and OIM to identify the activity of slip systems. X-ray micro Laue diffraction and high energy monochromatic X-ray beam were employed to characterize the joint scale tensile samples to provide necessary information to be able to compare and validate the CPFE model. A CPFE model was developed that can account for relative ease of activating slip systems in SAC305 solder based upon the statistical estimation based on correlation between the critical resolved shear stress and the probability of activating various slip systems. The results from simulations show that the CPFE model developed using the statistical analysis of activity of slip system not only can satisfy the requirements associated with kinematic of plastic deformation in crystal coordinate systems (activity of slip systems) and global coordinate system (shape changes) but also this model is able to predict the evolution of stress in joint level SAC305 sample.

  7. Specific lignin accumulation in granulated juice sacs of Citrus maxima.

    PubMed

    Wu, Jia-Ling; Pan, Teng-Fei; Guo, Zhi-Xiong; Pan, Dong-Ming

    2014-12-17

    Juice sac granulation occurring in pummelo fruits [Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.] is an undesirable trait, and the underlying mechanism remains unresolved. Previous studies have shown that lignin metabolism is closely associated with the process of juice sac granulation. Here, a method suitable for lignin isolation from pummelo tissues is established. Acetylated lignins from different pummelo tissues and cultivars were analyzed by HSQC NMR. The results showed that lignins in granulated juice sacs were characterized by an extremely high abundance of guaiacyl units (91.13-96.82%), in contrast to lignins from other tissues, including leaves, stems, and segment membranes. The abnormally accumulated lignins in granulated juice sacs were specific and mainly polymerized from coniferyl alcohol. No significant difference was found in lignin types among various cultivars. These findings indicated that the mechanism of juice sac granulation might be similar among various cultivars, although very different degrees of juice sac granulation can be observed. PMID:25419620

  8. Air sac adenocarcinoma of the sternum in a Quaker parrot (Myiopsitta monachus).

    PubMed

    Loukopoulos, Panayiotis; Okuni, Julius Boniface; Micco, Teresa; Garcia, Jorge P; Uzal, Francisco A; Diab, Santiago S

    2014-12-01

    Respiratory neoplasia is rarely reported in avian species. A 17-yr-old Quaker parrot (Myiopsitta monachus) was admitted with a 2-wk history of anorexia, depression, and respiratory distress. Clinical examination revealed a large, firm mass in the left pectoral muscle. Radiology showed a mass silhouetting the heart and the liver. Supportive treatment was provided, but the bird died during the seventh weekly visit to drain thoracic cavity fluid. Necropsy showed a white, 3 x 3 x 2-cm, hard, gritty sternal mass. Histology showed a nonencapsulated, moderately differentiated air sac carcinoma of the sternum. Immunohistochemically the neoplasm was cytokeratin positive and vimentin and calretinin negative. This is the first report of an air sac neoplasia in a Quaker parrot and one of few respiratory tumors in psittacines. PMID:25632693

  9. Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sacs in three dogs.

    PubMed

    Mellett, S; Verganti, S; Murphy, S; Bowlt, K

    2015-03-01

    Anal sac squamous cell carcinoma is rare in dogs. Five cases have been previously reported, treatment of which involved surgery alone. This report describes three further cases of canine anal sac squamous cell carcinoma which underwent medical (meloxicam) management alone, resulting in survival of up to seven months. No metastases were identified. Squamous cell carcinoma, although extremely uncommon, should be considered as a possible differential diagnosis when a dog is presented for investigation of an anal sac mass. PMID:25208811

  10. Müllerian Adenosarcoma Arising From Rectal Endometriosis

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Chunseok; Oh, Hoon Kyu

    2014-01-01

    A Müllerian adenosarcoma is an extremely rare tumor characterized by a stromal component of usually low-grade malignancy and by a benign glandular epithelial component. A Müllerian adenosarcoma occurs mainly in the uterus, but also in extrauterine locations. Extrauterine Müllerian adenosarcomas are thought to arise from endometriotic deposits. A 36-year-old female presented to Daegu Catholic University Medical Center with a symptom of loose stool for several months. The imaging studies revealed a rectal mass, so she underwent a laparoscopic low anterior resection. Although extemporary pathology revealed an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, the final histologic diagnosis was a Müllerian adenosarcoma arising from rectal endometriosis. To our knowledge, except a concomitant rectal villotubular adenoma, cases of Müllerian adenosarcomas arising the rectal wall are rare. An adenosarcoma arising from endometriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a pelvic mass, even one appearing in rectal wall, because ectopic endometrial tissue exists everywhere. PMID:25360431

  11. SAC Travel Reimbursement Application Please return the completed form to the SAC mailbox in the CEOAS Admin Building

    E-print Network

    Kurapov, Alexander

    (air travel, conference registration, meals, hotel, gas, shuttles, etc SAC Travel Reimbursement Application Please return the completed form ___________________ Accommodation ___________________ Travel ___________________ Meals

  12. Whisker Formation on SAC305 Soldered Assemblies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meschter, S.; Snugovsky, P.; Bagheri, Z.; Kosiba, E.; Romansky, M.; Kennedy, J.; Snugovsky, L.; Perovic, D.

    2014-11-01

    This article describes the results of a whisker formation study on SAC305 assemblies, evaluating the effects of lead-frame materials and cleanliness in different environments: low-stress simulated power cycling (50-85°C thermal cycling), thermal shock (-55°C to 85°C), and high temperature/high humidity (85°C/85% RH). Cleaned and contaminated small outline transistors, large leaded quad flat packs (QFP), plastic leaded chip carrier packages, and solder balls with and without rare earth elements (REE) were soldered to custom designed test boards with Sn3Ag0.5Cu (SAC305) solder. After assembly, all the boards were cleaned, and half of them were recontaminated (1.56 µg/cm2 Cl-). Whisker length, diameter, and density were measured. Detailed metallurgical analysis on components before assembly and on solder joints before and after testing was performed. It was found that whiskers grow from solder joint fillets, where the thickness is less than 25 µm, unless REE was present. The influence of lead-frame and solder ball material, microstructure, cleanliness, and environment on whisker characteristics is discussed. This article provides detailed metallurgical observations and select whisker length data obtained during this multiyear testing program.

  13. Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma arising in the larynx.

    PubMed

    Lynch, Michael C; Baker, Aaron; Drabick, Joseph J; Williams, Nicole; Goldenberg, David

    2014-06-01

    Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma (EES), or primitive neuroectodermal tumor, is an uncommon neoplasm with low incidence in the head and neck. Occurrences in the larynx are even more exceptional with only two previous reported cases of EES arising from the larynx. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman with a laryngeal Ewing's sarcoma treated with chemotherapy with radiotherapy to follow. Here we describe the histology, molecular diagnosis and treatment of this unusual tumor. PMID:24072589

  14. First Announcement 6th Aquarius/SAC-D Science Meeting

    E-print Network

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Theme: Science Preparations for Launch The Aquarius/SAC-D satellite mission will convene the 6th Science-term data analysis, as well as near-term science applications. The mission is a United States - ArgentinaFirst Announcement 6th Aquarius/SAC-D Science Meeting 19-21 July 2010 Seattle, Washington, USA

  15. Transcript profiles of maize embryo sacs and preliminary identification of genes involved in the embryo sac–pollen tube interaction

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Shuai Shuai; Wang, Fang; Tan, Su Jian; Wang, Ming Xiu; Sui, Na; Zhang, Xian Sheng

    2014-01-01

    The embryo sac, the female gametophyte of flowering plants, plays important roles in the pollination and fertilization process. Maize (Zea mays L.) is a model monocot, but little is known about the interactions between its embryo sac and the pollen tube. In this study, we compared the transcript profiles of mature embryo sacs, mature embryo sacs 14–16 h after pollination, and mature nucelli. Comparing the transcript profiles of the embryo sacs before and after the entry of the pollen tube, we identified 3467 differentially expressed transcripts (3382 differentially expressed genes; DEGs). The DEGs were grouped into 22 functional categories. Among the DEGs, 221 genes were induced upon the entry of the pollen tube, and many of them encoded proteins involved in RNA binding, processing, and transcription, signaling, miscellaneous enzyme family processes, and lipid metabolism processes. Genes in the DEG dataset were grouped into 17 classes in a gene ontology enrichment analysis. The DEGs included many genes encoding proteins involved in protein amino acid phosphorylation and protein ubiquitination, implying that these processes might play important roles in the embryo sac–pollen tube interaction. Additionally, our analyses indicate that the expression of 112 genes encoding cysteine-rich proteins (CRPs) is induced during pollination and fertilization. The CRPs likely regulate pollen tube guidance and embryo sac development. These results provide important information on the genes involved in the embryo sac–pollen tube interaction in maize. PMID:25566277

  16. 79. Sac digital network (Sacdin), summary fault indicator at top, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    79. Sac digital network (Sacdin), summary fault indicator at top, south side - Ellsworth Air Force Base, Delta Flight, Launch Control Facility, County Road CS23A, North of Exit 127, Interior, Jackson County, SD

  17. Synthesis of serum proteins by the posthaematopoietic feline yolk sac

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Tiedemann; W. W. Minuth

    1980-01-01

    The feline yolk sac persists even after the end of its haematopoietic phase with prominent ER-cisternae in the endoderm suggesting biosynthetic capacity. Therefore, yolk sac explants from the 54th day and 57th day were incubated with [3H]-l-leucine in order to study its protein biosynthesis. Newly synthesized proteins were discovered in sliced SDS-polyacrylamide gels by the use of scintillation technique and

  18. Generalization of Higher Order SAC to Vector Output Boolean Functions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaoru Kurosawa; Takashi Satoh

    1996-01-01

    . S-boxes (vector output Boolean functions) should satisfy cryptographiccriteria even if some input bits (say, k bits) are kept constant.However, this kind of security has been studied only for scalar outputBoolean functions. SAC(k) is a criterion for scalar output Boolean functionsof this type. This paper studies a generalization of SAC(k) to vectoroutput Boolean functions as the first step toward the

  19. Suppressor Analysis of Fimbrin (Sac6p) Overexpression in Yeast

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanya M. Sandrock; Sharon M. Brower; Kurt A. Toenjes; Alison E. M. Adams

    Yeast fimbrin (Sac6p) is an actin filament-bundling protein that is lethal when overexpressed. To identify the basis for this lethality, we sought mutations that can suppress it. A total of 1326 suppressor mutations were isolated and analyzed. As the vast majority of mutations were expected to simply decrease the expression of Sac6p to tolerable levels, a rapid screen was devised

  20. Suppressor analysis of fimbrin (Sac6p) overexpression in yeast.

    PubMed Central

    Sandrock, T M; Brower, S M; Toenjes, K A; Adams, A E

    1999-01-01

    Yeast fimbrin (Sac6p) is an actin filament-bundling protein that is lethal when overexpressed. To identify the basis for this lethality, we sought mutations that can suppress it. A total of 1326 suppressor mutations were isolated and analyzed. As the vast majority of mutations were expected to simply decrease the expression of Sac6p to tolerable levels, a rapid screen was devised to eliminate these mutations. A total of 1324 mutations were found to suppress by reducing levels of Sac6p in the cell. The remaining 2 mutations were both found to be in the actin gene and to make the novel changes G48V (act1-20) and K50E (act1-21). These mutations suppress the defect in cytoskeletal organization and cell morphology seen in ACT1 cells that overexpress SAC6. These findings indicate that the lethal phenotype caused by Sac6p overexpression is mediated through interaction with actin. Moreover, the altered residues lie in the region of actin previously implicated in the binding of Sac6p, and they result in a reduced affinity of actin for Sac6p. These results indicate that the two mutations most likely suppress by reducing the affinity of actin for Sac6p in vivo. This study suggests it should be possible to use this type of suppressor analysis to identify other pairs of physically interacting proteins and suggests that it may be possible to identify sites where such proteins interact with each other. PMID:10101157

  1. Suppressor analysis of fimbrin (Sac6p) overexpression in yeast.

    PubMed

    Sandrock, T M; Brower, S M; Toenjes, K A; Adams, A E

    1999-04-01

    Yeast fimbrin (Sac6p) is an actin filament-bundling protein that is lethal when overexpressed. To identify the basis for this lethality, we sought mutations that can suppress it. A total of 1326 suppressor mutations were isolated and analyzed. As the vast majority of mutations were expected to simply decrease the expression of Sac6p to tolerable levels, a rapid screen was devised to eliminate these mutations. A total of 1324 mutations were found to suppress by reducing levels of Sac6p in the cell. The remaining 2 mutations were both found to be in the actin gene and to make the novel changes G48V (act1-20) and K50E (act1-21). These mutations suppress the defect in cytoskeletal organization and cell morphology seen in ACT1 cells that overexpress SAC6. These findings indicate that the lethal phenotype caused by Sac6p overexpression is mediated through interaction with actin. Moreover, the altered residues lie in the region of actin previously implicated in the binding of Sac6p, and they result in a reduced affinity of actin for Sac6p. These results indicate that the two mutations most likely suppress by reducing the affinity of actin for Sac6p in vivo. This study suggests it should be possible to use this type of suppressor analysis to identify other pairs of physically interacting proteins and suggests that it may be possible to identify sites where such proteins interact with each other. PMID:10101157

  2. Angiosarcoma arising from the frontal sinus.

    PubMed

    Tomovic, Senja; Kalyoussef, Evelyne; Mirani, Neena M; Baredes, Soly; Eloy, Jean Anderson

    2014-01-01

    Primary sinonasal angiosarcomas are very rare tumors. They typically occur in the nasal cavity of middle-aged patients. They are classically highly aggressive. Primary treatment is surgical excision when feasible. We describe a unique case of angiosarcoma in a young woman arising from the frontal sinus with distant metastasis. This case represents the first report of angiosarcoma arising from the frontal sinus in the English literature. The traditional treatment options for the advanced nature of her disease and overall poor prognosis are discussed. We further review the literature and discuss alternative treatments options. Newer chemotherapeutic regiments on the horizon show promise in helping to control this disease. PMID:25217371

  3. Applied Endoscopic Anatomical Evaluation of the Lacrimal Sac

    PubMed Central

    Hashemi, Seyyed Mostafa; Berjis, Nezamoddin; Eshaghian, Afrooz; Nejadnic, Maryam; Fereidani Samani, Akram

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), a popular surgical procedure, has been performed using an endoscopic approach over recent years. Excellent anatomical knowledge is required for this endoscopic surgical approach. This study was performed in order to better evaluate the anatomical features of the lacrimal apparatus from cadavers in the Isfahan forensic center as a sample of the Iranian population. Materials and Methods: DCR was performed using a standard method on 26 cadaver eyes from the forensic center of Isfahan. The lacrimal sac was exposed completely, then the anatomical features of the lacrimal sac and canaliculus were measured using a specified ruler. Results: A total of 26 male cadaveric eyes were used, of which four (16.7%) were probably non-Caucasian. Two (8%) of the eyes needed septoplasty, one (4%) needed uncinectomy, and none needed turbinoplasty. Four (16%) lacrimal sacs were anterior to axilla, one (4%) was posterior and 20 (80%) were at the level of the axilla of the middle turbinate. The mean difference of distance from the nasal sill to the anterior edge of the lacrimal sac (from its mid-height) was 39.04 (±4.92) mm. The mean difference of distance from the nasal sill to the posterior edge of the lacrimal sac (from its mid-height) was 45.50 (±4.47) mm. The mean of width and length of the lacrimal sac was 7.54 (±1.44) mm and 13.16 (±5.37) mm, respectively. The mean difference of distance from the anterior edge of the lacrimal sac to the posterior edge of the uncinate process was 14.06 (±3.00) mm, while the mean difference of distance from the anterior nasal spine to the anterior edge of the lacrimal sac (from its mid-height) was 37.20 (±5.37) mm.The mean height of the fundus was 3.26 (±1.09) mm. The mean difference of distance from the superior punctum to the fundus was 12.70 (±1.45) mm, and from the inferior punctum to the fundus was 11.10 (±2.02) mm. Conclusion: Given the differences between the various studies conducted in order to evaluate the position of the lacrimal sac, studies such as this can help to better identify the position of lacrimal sac during surgery based on ethnic differences. In addition, these studies can help novice surgeons to better navigate in a surgical scenario.

  4. Rare Tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sunanda Pejavar; Daphne Haas-Kogan

    \\u000a Meningiomas are mostly benign tumors that arise from arachnoid cap cells of the meninges. They occur most frequently during\\u000a the fifth or sixth decades of life and account for 15–25% of all primary intracranial neoplasms (Germano et al. 1994). These\\u000a tumors are rare in children and adolescents, comprising only 1–3% of all meningiomas (Tufan et al. 2005) and less than

  5. The anuran vocal sac: a tool for multimodal signalling

    PubMed Central

    Starnberger, Iris; Preininger, Doris; Hödl, Walter

    2014-01-01

    Although in anurans the predominant mode of intra- and intersexual communication is vocalization, modalities used in addition to or instead of acoustic signals range from seismic and visual to chemical. In some cases, signals of more than one modality are produced through or by the anuran vocal sac. However, its role beyond acoustics has been neglected for some time and nonacoustic cues such as vocal sac movement have traditionally been seen as an epiphenomenon of sound production. The diversity in vocal sac coloration and shape found in different species is striking and recently its visual properties have been given a more important role in signalling. Chemosignals seem to be the dominant communication mode in newts, salamanders and caecilians and certainly play a role in the aquatic life phase of anurans, but airborne chemical signalling has received less attention. There is, however, increasing evidence that at least some terrestrial anuran species integrate acoustic, visual and chemical cues in species recognition and mate choice and a few secondarily mute anuran species seem to fully rely on volatile chemical cues produced in glands on the vocal sac. Within vertebrates, frogs in particular are suitable organisms for investigating multimodal communication by means of experiments, since they are tolerant of disturbance by observers and can be easily manipulated under natural conditions. Thus, the anuran vocal sac might be of great interest not only to herpetologists, but also to behavioural biologists studying communication systems. PMID:25389375

  6. The anuran vocal sac: a tool for multimodal signalling.

    PubMed

    Starnberger, Iris; Preininger, Doris; Hödl, Walter

    2014-11-01

    Although in anurans the predominant mode of intra- and intersexual communication is vocalization, modalities used in addition to or instead of acoustic signals range from seismic and visual to chemical. In some cases, signals of more than one modality are produced through or by the anuran vocal sac. However, its role beyond acoustics has been neglected for some time and nonacoustic cues such as vocal sac movement have traditionally been seen as an epiphenomenon of sound production. The diversity in vocal sac coloration and shape found in different species is striking and recently its visual properties have been given a more important role in signalling. Chemosignals seem to be the dominant communication mode in newts, salamanders and caecilians and certainly play a role in the aquatic life phase of anurans, but airborne chemical signalling has received less attention. There is, however, increasing evidence that at least some terrestrial anuran species integrate acoustic, visual and chemical cues in species recognition and mate choice and a few secondarily mute anuran species seem to fully rely on volatile chemical cues produced in glands on the vocal sac. Within vertebrates, frogs in particular are suitable organisms for investigating multimodal communication by means of experiments, since they are tolerant of disturbance by observers and can be easily manipulated under natural conditions. Thus, the anuran vocal sac might be of great interest not only to herpetologists, but also to behavioural biologists studying communication systems. PMID:25389375

  7. Glioneuronal Tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthias Simon; Rudolf A. Kristof; Johannes Schramm

    \\u000a Neuronal and mixed neuronal–glial tumors are thought to arise from neuroepithelial cells. According to the 2007 WHO classification,\\u000a this group of tumors comprises ganglioglioma and gangliocytoma, desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma (DIA) and ganglioglioma,\\u000a dys-plastic cerebellar gangliocytoma (Lhermitte–Duclos disease), dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT), central neurocytoma,\\u000a cerebellar liponeurocytoma (CLN), paraganglioma of the cauda equina (PCE), and the more recently recognized subtypes papillary\\u000a glion-euronal

  8. Aquarius and the Aquarius/SAC-D Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    LeVine, D. M.; Lagerloef, G. S. E.; Torrusio, S.

    2010-01-01

    Aquarius is a combination L-band radiometer and scatterometer designed to map the salinity field at the ocean surface from space. It will be flown on the Aquarius/SAC-D mission, a partnership between the USA space agency (NASA) and Argentine space agency (CONAE). The mission is composed of two parts: (a) The Aquarius instrument being developed as part of NASA.s Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP) program; and (b) SAC-D the fourth spacecraft service platform in the CONAE Satellite de Aplicaciones Cientificas (SAC) program. The primary focus of the mission is to monitor the seasonal and interannual variations of the salinity field in the open ocean. The mission also meets the needs of the Argentine space program for monitoring the environment and for hazard detection and includes several instruments related to these goals.

  9. Fast frequency hopping codes applied to SAC optical CDMA network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tseng, Shin-Pin

    2015-06-01

    This study designed a fast frequency hopping (FFH) code family suitable for application in spectral-amplitude-coding (SAC) optical code-division multiple-access (CDMA) networks. The FFH code family can effectively suppress the effects of multiuser interference and had its origin in the frequency hopping code family. Additional codes were developed as secure codewords for enhancing the security of the network. In considering the system cost and flexibility, simple optical encoders/decoders using fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) and a set of optical securers using two arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) demultiplexers (DeMUXs) were also constructed. Based on a Gaussian approximation, expressions for evaluating the bit error rate (BER) and spectral efficiency (SE) of SAC optical CDMA networks are presented. The results indicated that the proposed SAC optical CDMA network exhibited favorable performance.

  10. Bovine yolk sac: from morphology to metabolomic and proteomic profiles.

    PubMed

    Galdos-Riveros, A C; Favaron, P O; Will, S E A L; Miglino, M A; Maria, D A

    2015-01-01

    In several species, placentation involves the presence of two different membranes responsible for maternal-fetal exchanges: the yolk sac and the chorioallantoic placenta. The yolk sac plays important roles in embryonic survival, mainly during the early stages of gestation. In bovine, it is a transitional membrane that is present until day 50-70 of pregnancy. Herein, we evaluated the morphological and molecular aspects of the yolk sac of bovine embryos during 24 to 52 days of gestation. A total of 69 embryos were allocated into three groups according to the crown-rump length and estimated ages. Yolk sac samples were then subjected to morphological and molecular analysis using mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. In contrast to alanine, which was observed only in Group I, during all gestational stages, we identified important metabolites such as aspartate, taurine, glycerophosphocholine, creatinine, creatine, hydrouracil, glutamate, glutamine, lactate, lysine, valine, myo-inositol, cadaverine, and choline. In addition, 314 random sequences of proteins were identified in the bovine yolk sac, and 47 of these were considered to be specific. Changes in alpha-fetoprotein and carcinoembryonic antigen concentrations during gestation were also evaluated. In conclusion, the majority of these proteins are related to the development of secondary metabolites that are involved in the activation of other proteins and metabolites, and in signaling pathways that are responsible for maternal-fetal exchanges, activation of programmed cell death mechanisms, and cellular differentiation, and also in proteins that are responsible for the yolk sac involution that is required to establish chorioallantoic placentation. PMID:26125823

  11. Adenocarcinoma arising from intracranial recurrent mature teratoma and featuring mutated KRAS and wild-type BRAF genes.

    PubMed

    Kim, Eun Soo; Kwon, Mi Jung; Song, Joon Ho; Kim, Dong Hoon; Park, Hye-Rim

    2015-02-01

    Malignant transformation or recurrence of intracranial mature teratoma is an extremely rare occurrence, compared to the usual ovarian counterpart. Previously, yolk sac tumor elements have been considered to be selective progenitors of enteric-type adenocarcinoma arising from intracranial germ cell tumors. However, the present case demonstrates the occurrence of enteric-type adenocarcinoma in recurrent intracranial mature cystic teratoma 12 years after gross total removal, a case of which has not previously been documented in the literature. The 11.5-cm long, dura mater-based tumor on the right fronto-temporal lobe displaced the brain; however, the patient had no neurologic symptoms or discomfort other than pus-like discharge on the scalp. Microscopic examinations revealed a small focus of adenocarcinoma and dysplastic colonic mucosa in the mature cystic teratoma. No immature elements were seen. The cystic wall was almost denuded and showed an exuberant xanthogranulomatous reaction with foreign-body type giant cells engulfing keratin materials and cholesterol clefts, suggesting that chronic inflammation due to repeated cyst wall rupture and the previous resection may contribute to malignant transformation. The adenocarcinoma showed strong immunohistochemical expression of CK20 and p53, but CK7 in patches. The molecular profile of the adenocarcinoma showed a mutation in KRAS and wild-type BRAF, which might be associated with malignant transformation of intracranial mature teratomas. In conclusion, the intracranial mature teratomas should require long-term follow-up, and clinicians, radiologists and pathologists should be aware of the potential for malignant progression of recurrent intracranial mature cystic teratoma despite gross total resection and no neurologic symptoms. PMID:25039399

  12. An Analytic Evaluation of the SaCS Pattern Language Including Explanations of Major Design

    E-print Network

    Stølen, Ketil

    An Analytic Evaluation of the SaCS Pattern Language ­ Including Explanations of Major Design. The SaCS pattern language may express basic patterns on different aspects of relevance for conceptual considerations that were taken into account and shaped the SaCS language. Keywords­pattern language, analytic

  13. Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic perianal fistula.

    PubMed

    Hisham, Raja B; Sabariah, A R; Yunus, A G

    2006-03-01

    Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma is a rare tumor which may be associated with long-standing chronic perianal sepsis. Early diagnosis is challenging and is based on a high index of clinical suspicion and specific histological features. Definitive treatment is surgical, in the form of an abdomino-perineal resection. We hereby describe a case of a perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from long-standing recurrent perianal fistula and complement this with a brief review of the literature pertaining in particular to the management of this condition. PMID:16708740

  14. Unusual microtubular cytoskeleton of apomictic embryo sac of Chondrilla juncea L.

    PubMed

    Ko?ci?ska-Pajak, M; Bednara, J

    2006-05-01

    The mature apomictic embryo sac of Chondrilla juncea is highly vacuolated and demonstrates a polarization similar to that of the amphimictic gametophyte. The microtubule cytoskeleton of this embryo sac is uncharacteristic and relatively weak. The microtubules are positioned along cell walls and resemble cortical microtubules of somatic cells. They do not form the parallel, brushlike structures observed around the filiform apparatus of synergids in the amphimictic embryo sac. In the apomictic embryo sac, the microtubules of both the egg cell and the central cell develop a cortical-like structure, which is entirely different from the radial arrangement observed around the nuclei in the amphimictic embryo sac. PMID:16736250

  15. [Treatment of primary mediastinal germ cell tumors].

    PubMed

    Yoshitake, T; Itoyama, S

    1989-02-01

    Primary mediastinal germ cell tumors are clinically classified into mature (benign) teratomas and malignant germ cell tumors. Mature teratomas should be surgically excised after diagnosis, because unnecessary delay may result in the rupture of tumors or in malignant degeneration. The prognosis after surgical removal of tumor is good and there is no recurrence of tumor after complete excision. Malignant germ cell tumors are therapeutically classified into seminomatous and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors. Nonseminomatous germ cell tumors comprise immature teratoma, teratocarcinoma (malignant teratoma), embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac (endodermal sinus) tumor and choriocarcinoma. Treatments for patients with them require an multidisciplinary therapeutic approach with radiotherapy or chemotherapy combined with surgical intervention. The prognosis of patients with these tumors are poor, however seminomatous germ cell tumors have a better prognosis than that of nonseminomatous tumors, because they are responsive to radiotherapy or chemotherapy and long survivals over five years after treatment are not rare among them. An aggressive cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy is performed for patients with nonseminomatous tumors who have mostly the elevated serum levels of AFP or beta-HCG as tumor marker. The serum levels of tumor markers reflect precisely the biological behavior of nonseminomatous tumors. Patients with the normalised serum levels of tumor markers after an medical intervention may have a good long prognosis following radical resection of tumors, although the sustained high serum levels of tumor markers after treatment indicate a poor prognosis. Long survivals over five years after therapy are extremely rare among them. PMID:9301895

  16. Secretory expression of Par-4 SAC-HA2TAT following adeno-associated virus-mediated gene transfer induces apoptosis in HepG2 cells.

    PubMed

    Qin, Tian-Jie; Ma, Wei; Liu, Shan-Xi; Yang, Guang-Xiao; Wang, Quan-Ying; Zhao, Xin-Han

    2010-01-01

    Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is a tumor-suppressor protein that induces apoptosis in cancer cells, but not in normal cells. The cancer-specific pro-apoptotic action of Par-4 is encoded in its centrally located SAC domain. In this study, to further enhance the anti-cancer effect of Par-4 in order to overcome the limitations of peptide therapy, a recombinant adeno-associated virus was constructed using the following strategies: the secretory expression of therapeutic peptide, a HA2TAT-mediated cytosolic delivery technique, and an adeno-associated virus gene transfer system. To test the hypothesis that Par-4 has an additive bystander effect as an anti-cancer therapy, we designed a secretory protein by adding a secretory signal peptide NT4(Si) to the Par-4 SAC-HA2TAT peptide gene sequence [NT4(Si)-Par-4 SAC-HA2TAT]. The results indicated that, compared to the normal NIH3T3 cell line, AAV-NT4(Si)-Par-4 SAC-HA2TAT significantly suppressed cell growth and induced rapid cell death in HepG2 cells in a time-dependent manner through successful gene transfer and secretory expression of therapeutic peptide at 48 h post-transfection. In addition, the secretory properties of Par-4 may greatly increase its effectiveness in cancer therapy when delivered in vivo. PMID:21472309

  17. [A solitary neurofibroma arising from the temporal fossa].

    PubMed

    Tian, Xiaoyan; Luo, Gui; Zhu, Xinhua

    2014-07-01

    Neurofibromas are benign nerve sheath tumors that arise from the nonmyelinating Schwann cells. Generally, neurofibromas can be categorized into dermal and plexiform subtypes. The former subtype is usually associated with a lone peripheral nerve in the integumentary system, while plexiform tumors are associated with many nerve bundles and can originate internally. Rarely, the plexiform tumors can undergo malignant transformation. Neurofibromas are usually found in individuals with neurofibromatosis, which is an autosomal dominant disease. On occasion, an isolated neurofibroma can transpire without being associated with neurofibromatosis. Mostly, these solitary tumors tend to occur in the gastrointestinal system, and neurofibromas of the head and neck are not uncommon, but very rarely they have been reported to occur in the temporal fossa. In this report, we describe a case of a solitary neurofibroma arising from the temporal fossa. PMID:25248275

  18. Massive lumbar disc herniation with complete dural sac stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Jeon, Chang-Hoon; Chung, Nam-Su; Son, Kwang-Hyun; Lee, Hyo-Sung

    2013-01-01

    Background: Large lumbar disc herniation (LDH) has been reported to have a greater tendency to resolve in clinical and pathomorphological evolutions. However, various definitions of large LDH have been used without validation, and the clinical symptoms of large LDH have not been fully elucidated. We conducted a retrospective analysis to determine the clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of massive LDH with complete dural sac stenosis Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 33 cases of LDH with complete dural sac stenosis on magnetic resonance imaging. Complete dural sac stenosis was defined as no recognizable rootlet and cerebrospinal fluid signal on T2-weighed axial MR images. The clinical outcome parameters included back pain, leg pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI), and neurological dysfunction. The paired t-test and Wilcoxon's signed rank test were used to compare serial changes in back pain, leg pain and neurological dysfunction. Results: Mean duration of followup was 66 months (range 24 - 108 months). There were 24 male and 9 female. The mean age was 37 years (range 20 - 53 years). At presentation, mean visual analogue scales for back pain and leg pain were 75.3 ± 19.1 (range 12 - 100) and 80.2 ± 14.6 (range 0 -100), respectively. Mean ODI was 67.1 ± 18.8 (range 26 - 88). Neurological dysfunction was found in 9 patients (27.3%), and the bowel/bladder dysfunction was found in 2 patients (3.1%). Conservative treatment was performed in 21 patients (63.6%) with satisfactory results. Seven patients underwent decompressive surgery, and 5 underwent posterolateral fusion. Conclusions: A massive LDH with complete dural sac stenosis was found to be associated with severe back and leg pain at presentation, however surgical treatment can be deferred unless significant neurological symptoms occur. PMID:23798754

  19. Substitution of silk stabilimenta for egg sacs by Allocyclosa bifurca (Araneae: Araneidae) suggests that silk stabilimenta function as camouflage devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William G. Eberhard

    2003-01-01

    Summary The matching form and orientation of egg sacs and spiders, the match between egg sac color and that of the spider, ontogenetic changes in spider coloration that occur when egg sacs begin to be produced, differences in the positions of the spiders' legs during the day and at night, and coordinated changes in spider and egg sac colors in

  20. Oblique sectional planes of block plastinates eased by Sac Plastination.

    PubMed

    Kürtül, Ibrahim; Hammer, Niels; Rabi, Suganthy; Saito, Toshiyuki; Böhme, Jörg; Steinke, Hanno

    2012-07-01

    To find an oblique cutting plane of a plastinate, e.g. to cut gamma-nails in the femur, the Block Plastination technique was modified. After CT and MRI examination, the specimens were plastinated with the standard resin mixture E6/E12/E600. Instead of using a box to form a block during the casting and curing stage, we embedded the specimen in a sac made of polyester foil. A polymerized wooden block was attached to the specimen. The sac was wrapped with tape to the embedded specimen with the block. This approach limited the amount of required resin to the inner volume of the plastinate. Then, the plastination sac was put in the incubator for further polymerization and curing. When the foil was removed from the plastinated specimen, the wooden block served as a socket for the grip when sawing. The outer shape of the specimen remained visible. Doing so, the adequate cutting plane could be determined easily. PMID:22209028

  1. Program Options 12/11/13\\\\due.uci.edu\\due\\Files\\SAC\\CIE\\FACTSHTS\\GENINFO\\SAC Program Options with UCI Experiential Learning.pub

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    Program Options 12/11/13\\\\due.uci.edu\\due\\Files\\SAC\\CIE\\FACTSHTS\\GENINFO\\SAC Program Options with UCI Experiential Learning.pub UCEAP Study UC Education Abroad Program UC Systemwide study abroad programs Fulfill UCI degree requirements UC credit Summer, quarter, semester, year Financial aid

  2. Choroid Plexus Tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Kongkham; James T. Rutka

    \\u000a Choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) are rare, primary brain tumors arising from the neuroepithelium of the choroid plexus. Although\\u000a they may be found in patients of any age, the vast majority occur in the pediatric population. Up to 70% of these neoplasms\\u000a occur in children, with over half arising in children under 2 years of age [39]. The annual incidence for

  3. Histopathology of tumors of the pineal region.

    PubMed

    Fèvre-Montange, Michelle; Vasiljevic, Alexandre; Champier, Jacques; Jouvet, Anne

    2010-05-01

    Pineal region tumors are heterogeneous lesions and include mainly pineal parenchymal tumors (PPTs), papillary tumors of the pineal region (PTPRs) and germ cell tumors (GCTs). This article describes the cystic pineal gland compared with normal tissue and histopathological features of the most frequent pineal region tumors. PPTs are subdivided into pineocytoma (grade I), pineoblastoma (grade IV) and tumors with intermediate differentiation (PPTIDs; grades II-III). A grading system based on the number of mitoses and neurofilament protein expression distinguishes low- from high-grade PPTID. PTPR is a new tumoral entity thought to originate from the subcommissural organ. GCTs include germinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, yolk sac tumor and choriocarcinoma and are often of mixed histologic composition. New histogenetic data for GCTs are presented. PMID:20465391

  4. Venous Sac Embolization of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation: Preliminary Experience Using Interlocking Detachable Coils

    SciTech Connect

    Takahashi, Koji [Department of Radiology, Asahikawa Medical College, 4-5-3-11 Nishikagura, Asahikawa, 078-8510 (Japan); Tanimura, Keiichi; Honda, Masanori [Department of Radiology, Saiseikai Utunomiya Hospital, 911-1 Takebayashi, Tochigi, 321 (Japan); Kikuno, Motoyuki [Department of Radiology, Takagi Hospital, 141-11 Sakami, Ohkawa, 831-0016 (Japan); Toei, Hisao; Hyodoh, Hideki; Furuse, Makoto [Department of Radiology, Jichi Medical School and Hospital, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Minamikawachi, Tochigi, 329-0498 (Japan); Yamada, Tomonori; Aburano, Tamio [Department of Radiology, Asahikawa Medical College, 4-5-3-11 Nishikagura, Asahikawa, 078-8510 (Japan)

    1999-05-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the indication and advantages of venous sac embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) using interlocking detachable coils (IDCs). Methods: We performed percutaneous embolization in 12 PAVMs in four patients using IDCs, initially placed in the venous sac or at the feeding artery to prevent systemic migration of additional coils. We placed the IDCs in the venous sac in PAVMs with the following vascular architecture: the draining vein was larger than the feeding arteries and both vessels were interposed with the venous sac or there were short feeding arteries. Results: Complete occlusion was achieved in all 12 PAVMs without significant complications. We deployed IDCs in the venous sac in eight PAVMs and in the feeding artery in four. Conclusion: Venous sac embolization may be beneficial in PAVMs with large out-flow vessels or short feeding arteries. IDCs are suitable for this procedure.

  5. Glomus tympanicum tumors.

    PubMed

    Sweeney, Alex D; Carlson, Matthew L; Wanna, George B; Bennett, Marc L

    2015-04-01

    Glomus tympanicum (GT) tumors are benign arising from paraganglion cells of the tympanic plexus in the middle ear. Although surgical resection remains the best option for definitive treatment of these tumors, the diagnostic and management algorithms have evolved considerably with the introduction of high-resolution computed tomography, MRI, and genetic testing. PMID:25659513

  6. Imagery of pineal tumors.

    PubMed

    Deiana, G; Mottolese, C; Hermier, M; Louis-Tisserand, G; Berthezene, Y

    2015-01-01

    Pineal tumors are rare and include a large variety of entities. Germ cell tumors are relatively frequent and often secreting lesions. Pineal parenchymal tumors include pineocytomas, pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation, pineoblastomas and papillary tumors of the pineal region. Other lesions including astrocytomas and meningiomas as well as congenital malformations i.e. benign cysts, lipomas, epidermoid and dermoid cysts, which can also arise from the pineal region. Imagery is often non-specific but detailed analysis of the images compared with the hormone profile can narrow the spectrum of possible diagnosis. PMID:25676911

  7. Private SACS mutations in autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) families from Turkey.

    PubMed

    Richter, Andrea M; Ozgul, Riza Koksal; Poisson, Virginie C; Topaloglu, Haluk

    2004-09-01

    We studied five families with pediatric-onset recessive spastic ataxia from Turkey. The clinical characteristics and linkage studies are compatible with autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS). SACS mutations are responsible for ARSACS in Québec families. In four of the five families tested we detected new disease-causing mutations using automated sequencing of SACS. Our study raises to 12 the number of SACS mutations detected in ARSACS patients with origins around the Mediterranean basin. PMID:15156359

  8. Unique cell wall abnormalities in the putative phosphoinositide phosphatase mutant AtSAC9

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Almut H. VollmerNabil; Nabil N. Youssef; Daryll B. DeWald

    SAC9 is a putative phosphoinositide phosphatase in Arabidopsis thaliana involved in phosphoinositide signaling. sac9-1 plants have a constitutively stressed phenotype with shorter roots which notably accumulate phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate\\u000a and its hydrolysis product inositol trisphosphate. We investigated the primary roots of sac9-1 seedlings at the cytological and ultrastructural level to determine the structural basis for this altered growth. Despite\\u000a the normal

  9. Tumor microenvironment is multifaceted

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catherine Sautès-Fridman; Julien Cherfils-Vicini; Diane Damotte; Sylvain Fisson; Wolf Hervé Fridman; Isabelle Cremer; Marie-Caroline Dieu-Nosjean

    2011-01-01

    Cancer initiation, progression, and invasion occur in a complex and dynamic microenvironment which depends on the hosts and\\u000a sites where tumors develop. Tumors arising in mucosal tissues may progress in an inflammatory context linked to local viral\\u000a and\\/or bacterial infections. At the opposite, tumors developing in immunoprivileged sites are protected from microorganisms\\u000a and grow in an immunosuppressive environment. In the

  10. Tumor Microenvironment and Progression

    PubMed Central

    Dvorak, Harold F.; Weaver, Valerie M.; Tlsty, Thea D.; Bergers, Gabriele

    2012-01-01

    Tumor blood vessels are heterogeneous, of at least six distinct types, are induced primarily by VEGF-A, and provide a potentially useful therapeutic target. Breast cancer is characterized by changes in the microenvironment that result in altered tensional homeostasis. Also, breast cancers arise as the result of epigenetic as well as genetic changes. Tumor blood vessel pericytes result, in part, from bone marrow precursor cells, and VEGF is a negative regulator of glioblastoma tumor cell invasion. PMID:21480238

  11. Bacterial and mycoplasmal flora of the healthy camelid conjunctival sac.

    PubMed

    Gionfriddo, J R; Rosenbusch, R; Kinyon, J M; Betts, D M; Smith, T M

    1991-07-01

    Healthy conjunctival sacs of 88 animals of 3 species of captive camelids (Lama glama, Lama guanicoe, Lama pacos) and llama-guanaco hybrids were sampled for bacterial and mycoplasmal flora. Mycoplasmas were not isolated from any animal. Eleven genera of bacteria were isolated. The most frequent isolates were Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas spp. Nine varieties of Pseudomonas were found, which represented at least 3 Pseudomonas species. Many of the bacterial isolates (especially the pseudomonads) are potential pathogens in the eyes of these camelids. PMID:1892259

  12. Fungal flora of the healthy camelid conjunctival sac.

    PubMed

    Gionfriddo, J R; Gabal, M A; Betts, D M

    1992-05-01

    Swab specimens for fungal isolation were collected from the healthy conjunctival sacs of 3 species of captive camelids (Lama glama, L guanicoe, L pacos) and llama-guanaco hybrids. Fungi were collected from over half the animals in winter (53%) and summer (56%). Fungal species of 10 genera were isolated. In both seasons, Aspergillus was the most commonly isolated genus; at least 9 species of Aspergillus were found. The fungal organisms isolated were similar to those found in healthy eyes of other domestic animals and may represent a random seeding from the environment where they are ubiquitous. PMID:1524286

  13. PIKfyve-ArPIKfyve-Sac3 core complex: contact sites and their consequence for Sac3 phosphatase activity and endocytic membrane homeostasis.

    PubMed

    Ikonomov, Ognian C; Sbrissa, Diego; Fenner, Homer; Shisheva, Assia

    2009-12-18

    The phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P(2)) metabolizing enzymes, the kinase PIKfyve and the phosphatase Sac3, constitute a single multiprotein complex organized by the PIKfyve regulator ArPIKfyve and its ability to homodimerize. We previously established that PIKfyve is activated within the triple PIKfyve-ArPIKfyve-Sac3 (PAS) core. These data assign an atypical function for the phosphatase in PtdIns(3,5)P(2) biosynthesis, thus raising the question of whether Sac3 retains its PtdIns(3,5)P(2) hydrolyzing activity within the PAS complex. Herein, we address the issue of Sac3 functionality by a combination of biochemical and morphological assays in triple-transfected COS cells using a battery of truncated or point mutants of the three proteins. We identified the Cpn60_TCP1 domain of PIKfyve as a major determinant for associating the ArPIKfyve-Sac3 subcomplex. Neither Sac3 nor PIKfyve enzymatic activities affected the PAS complex formation or stability. Using the well established formation of aberrant cell vacuoles as a sensitive functional measure of localized PtdIns(3,5)P(2) reduction, we observed a mitigated vacuolar phenotype by kinase-deficient PIKfyve(K1831E) if its ArPIKfyve-Sac3 binding region was deleted, suggesting reduced Sac3 access to, and turnover of PtdIns(3,5)P(2). In contrast, PIKfyve(K1831E), which displays intact ArPIKfyve-Sac3 binding, triggered a more severe vacuolar phenotype if coexpressed with ArPIKfyve(WT)-Sac3(WT) but minimal defects when coexpressed with ArPIKfyve(WT) and phosphatase-deficient Sac3(D488A). These data indicate that Sac3 assembled in the PAS regulatory core complex is an active PtdIns(3,5)P(2) phosphatase. Based on these and other data, presented herein, we propose a model of domain interactions within the PAS core and their role in regulating the enzymatic activities. PMID:19840946

  14. [Absorption of extractive Polygonum orientale in rat everted gut sacs].

    PubMed

    Liu, Yue; Tang, Li; Cao, Xu; Zheng, Lin; Wang, Ai-Min; Huang, Yong

    2014-06-01

    Using in vitro everted gut to investigate the intestinal absorption of the extracts from Polygonum orientale at different concentration. UPLC-MS/MS was used to detect the content of protocatechuic acid, isoorientin, orientin, vitexin, cynaroside, quercitrin, kaempferol-rhamnoside in different intestinal segments, then compared the results with the absorption of chemical components of extractive P. orientale in each intestinal segments, and calculated the absorption parameter. We took the statistic analysis with SPSS statistic software. The influence significance of each factors were analyzed to describe the character of absorption. The absorption of each component is linearity in different intestinal segments and different dose, and the square of coeficient correlation exceed 0.95, which consistent with zero order rate process. The K(a) increase along with the raised dosage of the extractive P. orientale (R2 > 0.95), indicated it is the passive absorption; different intestinal segments have different absorption. And the absorption trend in intestinal is duodenum, jejunum, ileum are greater than the colon. As ingredients are selectively absorbed in intestinal sac, the everted intestinal sac method is selected to assess the intestinal absorption charcteristics of ingredients of extractive P. orientale. PMID:25272855

  15. Endometrial stromal sarcoma arising in vagina.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhaoxia; Ding, Jiao; Li, Xia; Yu, Kehan

    2013-01-01

    Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) arising in the vagina is an extremely rare extrauterine endometrial stroma sarcoma, with only 4 cases reported in the literature up to date. Here we report a case of neoplasm originating from vagina. A 32-year-old woman complained of intermittent vaginal bleeding especially after intercourse. A mass with a diameter of 1.0 cm was found in the middle and upper segments of the right posterior vaginal wall. Biopsy showed ESS. Total abdominal hysterectomy, unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (right) and partial vaginectomy were performed. No ESS lesion was found in endometrium. The patient received six courses of platinum-containing combination chemotherapy after surgery and was free of tumor 18 months after the diagnosis of ESS. The diagnosis of ESS relies on pathologic examination. CD10 is the most useful immunohistochemical marker for the diagnosis of this tumor. The mainstay treatment of ESS is surgery. Local excision and ovarian retaining may be considered in premenopausal women. PMID:24294390

  16. Small cell tumors of the thyroid gland: a review.

    PubMed

    Eloy, Catarina; Cameselle-Teijeiro, José Manuel; Rousseau, Emmanuel; Sobrinho-Simões, Manuel

    2014-05-01

    The small cell group of thyroid tumors that includes lymphoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, secondary neoplasms, as well as tumors with uncertain histogenesis, remains as a valid diagnostic cul-de-sac due to its heterogeneous constitution. The existence of small cell thyroid tumors with EWSR1-FLI1 rearrangement together with neuroendocrine and/or carcinomatous differentiation raises not only differential diagnostic problems but also a very interesting therapeutic dilemma. This review explores the classification of small cell tumors of the thyroid taking into account the immunophenotype and molecular profile of such tumors. PMID:24275884

  17. Sac3 is an insulin-regulated phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate phosphatase: gain in insulin responsiveness through Sac3 down-regulation in adipocytes.

    PubMed

    Ikonomov, Ognian C; Sbrissa, Diego; Ijuin, Takeshi; Takenawa, Tadaomi; Shisheva, Assia

    2009-09-01

    Insulin-regulated stimulation of glucose entry and mobilization of fat/muscle-specific glucose transporter GLUT4 onto the cell surface require the phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P(2)) pathway for optimal performance. The reduced insulin responsiveness observed under ablation of the PtdIns(3,5)P(2)-synthesizing PIKfyve and its associated activator ArPIKfyve in 3T3L1 adipocytes suggests that dysfunction of the PtdIns(3,5)P(2)-specific phosphatase Sac3 may yield the opposite effect. Paradoxically, as uncovered recently, in addition to turnover Sac3 also supports PtdIns(3,5)P(2) biosynthesis by allowing optimal PIKfyve-ArPIKfyve association. These opposing inputs raise the key question as to whether reduced Sac3 protein levels and/or hydrolyzing activity will produce gain in insulin responsiveness. Here we report that small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of endogenous Sac3 by approximately 60%, which resulted in a slight but significant elevation of PtdIns(3,5)P(2) in 3T3L1 adipocytes, increased GLUT4 translocation and glucose entry in response to insulin. In contrast, ectopic expression of Sac3(WT), but not phosphatase-deficient Sac3(D488A), reduced GLUT4 surface abundance in the presence of insulin. Endogenous Sac3 physically assembled with PIKfyve and ArPIKfyve in both membrane and soluble fractions of 3T3L1 adipocytes, but this remained insulin-insensitive. Importantly, acute insulin markedly reduced the in vitro C8-PtdIns(3,5)P(2) hydrolyzing activity of Sac3. The insulin-sensitive Sac3 pool likely controls a discrete PtdIns(3,5)P(2) subfraction as the high pressure liquid chromatography-measurable insulin-dependent elevation in total [(3)H]inositol-PtdIns(3,5)P(2) was minor. Together, our data identify Sac3 as an insulin-sensitive phosphatase whose down-regulation increases insulin responsiveness, thus implicating Sac3 as a novel drug target in insulin resistance. PMID:19578118

  18. Mammalian laryngseal air sacs add variability to the vocal tract impedance: physical and computational modeling.

    PubMed

    Riede, Tobias; Tokuda, Isao T; Munger, Jacob B; Thomson, Scott L

    2008-07-01

    Cavities branching off the main vocal tract are ubiquitous in nonhumans. Mammalian air sacs exist in human relatives, including all four great apes, but only a substantially reduced version exists in humans. The present paper focuses on acoustical functions of the air sacs. The hypotheses are investigated on whether the air sacs affect amplitude of utterances and/or position of formants. A multilayer synthetic model of the vocal folds coupled with a vocal tract model was utilized. As an air sac model, four configurations were considered: open and closed uniform tube-like side branches, a rigid cavity, and an inflatable cavity. Results suggest that some air sac configurations can enhance the sound level. Furthermore, an air sac model introduces one or more additional resonance frequencies, shifting formants of the main vocal tract to some extent but not as strongly as previously suggested. In addition, dynamic range of vocalization can be extended by the air sacs. A new finding is also an increased variability of the vocal tract impedance, leading to strong nonlinear source-filter interaction effects. The experiments demonstrated that air-sac-like structures can destabilize the sound source. The results were validated by a transmission line computational model. PMID:18647005

  19. Endolymphatic mastoid shunt versus endolymphatic sac decompression for ménière’s disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George M. Brinson; Douglas A. Chen; Moises A. Arriaga

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: This study compares the efficacy of endolymphatic mastoid shunt (EMS) versus endolymphatic sac decompression (ESD) without sac incision.Methods: The AAO-HNS Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Evaluation of Therapy in Ménière’s disease were used to identify suitable candidates for the study. All patients who failed medical management and underwent either EMS (n = 91) or ESD (n = 107) were

  20. Cursos i formaci complementria del SAC 2011-2012 | 1 Cursos i cicles de conferncies

    E-print Network

    Oro, Daniel

    #12;#12;Cursos i formació complementària del SAC 2011- 2012 | 1 Cursos i cicles de conferències (nivel II) Matrícula 2 8 13 14 16 Índex de continguts #12;2 | Cursos i formació complementària del SAC 2011- 2012 CURSOS I CICLES DE CONFERÈNCIES PRIMER QUADRIMESTRE 2011-2012 FM0210 EL PRINCIPI D

  1. Intraembryonic, but Not Yolk Sac Hematopoietic Precursors, Isolated before Circulation, Provide Long-Term Multilineage Reconstitution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Cumano; José Candido Ferraz; Michèle Klaine; James P Di Santo; Isabelle Godin

    2001-01-01

    The relative contribution of yolk sac and intraembryonic precursors to hematopoiesis has been a matter of long-standing controversy. As reconstitution activity has so far only been found in embryonic tissues after the onset of circulation, the origin of reconstituting cells could not be formally established. Here, we separated yolk sac and intraembryonic splanchnopleura prior to circulation and maintained the explants

  2. Embryo sac development in Arabidopsis thaliana II. The cytoskeleton during megagametogenesis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary C. Webb; Brian E. S. Gunning

    1994-01-01

    The microtubular and actin cytoskeletons have been investigated during megagametogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana using immunofluorescence labelling of isolated coenocytic and mature embryo sacs. We found both actin and microtubules (MTs) to occur in abundance throughout megagametogenesis and in all constituent cells of the mature embryo sac. During many stages, the patterns of distribution of these cytoskeletal elements are congruent and

  3. Predicting liquid-phase thermodynamic properties using COSMO-SAC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burnett, Russell I.

    Predicting thermodynamic properties of liquids remains a significant challenge in both academia and industry. This is because molecules in the liquid phase are relatively close together but are not arranged in an ordered structure. The COSMO-SAC model uses quantum and statistical mechanics to predict the thermodynamic properties of liquids. In this thesis, a variety of efforts have been made to improve the accuracy of this model. The most successful of these involves the inclusion of dispersion interactions in mixture calculations, which reduces the average prediction error for activity coefficients by over 30%. It has also been demonstrated that the misfit energy—the traditional interaction energy used in all known COSMO-based models—is limited in its ability to model intermolecular interactions. A variety of attempts to improve the electrostatics of the model have been made, but these have had little effect on the overall accuracy. These include use of an expanded hydrogen bonding description, use of an alternate molecular surface construction method, and incorporation of three-dimensional considerations. These results, coupled with the observed improvement obtained from including dispersion interactions, suggest that the greatest weakness in the model is the handling of electrodynamics (how molecules polarize one another), and that future efforts to improve the model should target this area. In addition, the model has been parameterized for the ADF density functional software package, thus making it available to a wider audience. Results are approximately equivalent to those obtained with DMol3, the only package for which a published parameterization was previously available. Of significance, the ADF implementation allows one of the adjustable model parameters to be eliminated. Also, a correlation was found between experimental liquid volumes and the quantum-based molecular volumes employed in COSMO-SAC. This eliminates the need to provide experimental volumes to the model. Finally, a Windows-based graphical user interface for COSMO-SAC has been developed. This expands the availability of the model to anyone with only a general familiarity with thermodynamics. Without this, use is restricted to those with an in-depth knowledge of quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics and computer programming.

  4. Development of the endolymphatic sac in chick embryos, with reference to the degradation of otoconia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yoshihara, T.; Kaname, H.; Narita, N.; Ishii, T.; Igarashi, M.; Fermin, C. D.

    1992-01-01

    The endolymphatic sac of chick embryos (from embryonic day 7 to 1-day-old chicks) was studied light- and electron-microscopically. At stage 30-31 (embryonic day 7-7.5), the epithelial cells of the endolymphatic sac were cuboidal to columnar in shape. Microvilli were relatively well developed. The intercellular space was wide. In the endolymphatic space of the endolymphatic sac, varying shapes and sizes of otoconia-like bodies were often observed. Intracytoplasmic phagosomes containing these bodies were rarely found. After stage 37 (embryonic day 11), otoconia-like bodies in the endolymphatic sac decreased in number and size. They were almost the same as the otoconia in the macular organs, ultrastructurally. These findings indicate that the endolymphatic sac of the chick embryos may possess the function of otoconial degradation and removal of calcium from otoconia.

  5. The sac-4 gene of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and co-existing chlamydial infection

    PubMed Central

    Phillips, D; Patrizio, C; Moyes, A; Young, H

    2000-01-01

    Background/objectives: Recently, the sac-4 gene in Neisseria gonorrhoeae was postulated to increase the risk of developing mixed gonococcal and chlamydial infection. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of the sac-4 gene in a larger sample of isolates of different serovars and to assess the prevalence of sac-4 in gonococcal isolates from patients with and without coexisting chlamydial infection. Methods: Isolates from 259 episodes of gonorrhoea were tested by a PCR assay for the sac-4 gene. The presence of co-existing chlamydial infection was determined from both laboratory and GUM clinical records. Results: The overall prevalence of sac-4 was 57.5% (149/259). The prevalence was not the same in all serovars and ranged from 34.9% in serovar 1B2 to 100% in serovar 1B18. Exact logistic regression analysis indicated significant differences in sac-4 prevalence in isolates of different serovars. The prevalence of sac-4 was 69.5% (41/59) in gonococcal isolates from patients with co-existing chlamydial infection compared with 57.9% (62/107) for those without chlamydial infection. Exact logistic regression analysis showed that the slightly increased sac-4 prevalence among chlamydia positive patients (p=0.2) virtually disappeared when serovar status was taken into account (p>0.9). Conclusion: The sac-4 gene of the gonococcus does not increase the risk for mixed chlamydial infection. Key Words: dual infection; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Chlamydia trachomatis; sac-4 PMID:11141862

  6. Histopathology of pineal germ cell tumors.

    PubMed

    Vasiljevic, A; Szathmari, A; Champier, J; Fèvre-Montange, M; Jouvet, A

    2015-01-01

    Germ cell tumors (GCTs) classically occur in gonads. However, they are the most frequent neoplasms in the pineal region. The pineal location of GCTs may be caused by the neoplastic transformation of a primordial germ cell that has mismigrated. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes 5 histological types of intracranial GCTs: germinoma and non-germinomatous tumors including embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, choriocarcinoma and mature or immature teratoma. Germinomas and teratomas are frequently encountered as pure tumors whereas the other types are mostly part of mixed GCTs. In this situation, the neuropathologist has to be able to identify each component of a GCT. When diagnosis is difficult, use of recent immunohistochemical markers such as OCT(octamer-binding transcription factor)3/4, Glypican 3, SALL(sal-like protein)4 may be required. OCT3/4 is helpful in the diagnosis of germinomas, Glypican 3 in the diagnosis of yolk sac tumors and SALL4 in the diagnosis of the germ cell nature of an intracranial tumor. When the germ cell nature of a pineal tumor is doubtful, the finding of an isochromosome 12p suggests the diagnosis of GCT. The final pathological report should always be confronted with the clinical data, especially the serum or cerebrospinal fluid levels of ?-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and alpha-fetoprotein. PMID:24726316

  7. Glomus tumor of the mediastinum.

    PubMed

    Rychlik, Igor J; O'Donnell, Mark E; Davey, Philip; Merard, Reena; McGuigan, Jim

    2014-01-01

    Glomus tumors are rare benign myoepithelial neoplasms that can present with intractable pain. We report the case of a 59-year-old gentleman who presented with upper abdominal and chest pain caused by a posterior mediastinal glomus tumor arising from the spinal column, which required surgical resection. As glomus tumors usually develop in the limbs, this case highlights the complexity of diagnosis and treatment of glomus tumors when they present in rare locations. PMID:24585654

  8. Nordic rattle: the hoarse vocalization and the inflatable laryngeal air sac of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)

    PubMed Central

    Frey, Roland; Gebler, Alban; Fritsch, Guido; Nygrén, Kaarlo; Weissengruber, Gerald E

    2007-01-01

    Laryngeal air sacs have evolved convergently in diverse mammalian lineages including insectivores, bats, rodents, pinnipeds, ungulates and primates, but their precise function has remained elusive. Among cervids, the vocal tract of reindeer has evolved an unpaired inflatable ventrorostral laryngeal air sac. This air sac is not present at birth but emerges during ontogenetic development. It protrudes from the laryngeal vestibulum via a short duct between the epiglottis and the thyroid cartilage. In the female the growth of the air sac stops at the age of 2–3 years, whereas in males it continues to grow up to the age of about 6 years, leading to a pronounced sexual dimorphism of the air sac. In adult females it is of moderate size (about 100 cm3), whereas in adult males it is large (3000–4000 cm3) and becomes asymmetric extending either to the left or to the right side of the neck. In both adult females and males the ventral air sac walls touch the integument. In the adult male the air sac is laterally covered by the mandibular portion of the sternocephalic muscle and the skin. Both sexes of reindeer have a double stylohyoid muscle and a thyroepiglottic muscle. Possibly these muscles assist in inflation of the air sac. Head-and-neck specimens were subjected to macroscopic anatomical dissection, computer tomographic analysis and skeletonization. In addition, isolated larynges were studied for comparison. Acoustic recordings were made during an autumn round-up of semi-domestic reindeer in Finland and in a small zoo herd. Male reindeer adopt a specific posture when emitting their serial hoarse rutting calls. Head and neck are kept low and the throat region is extended. In the ventral neck region, roughly corresponding to the position of the large air sac, there is a mane of longer hairs. Neck swelling and mane spreading during vocalization may act as an optical signal to other males and females. The air sac, as a side branch of the vocal tract, can be considered as an additional acoustic filter. Individual acoustic recognition may have been the primary function in the evolution of a size-variable air sac, and this function is retained in mother–young communication. In males sexual selection seems to have favoured a considerable size increase of the air sac and a switch to call series instead of single calls. Vocalization became restricted to the rutting period serving the attraction of females. We propose two possibilities for the acoustic function of the air sac in vocalization that do not exclude each other. The first assumes a coupling between air sac and the environment, resulting in an acoustic output that is a combination of the vocal tract resonance frequencies emitted via mouth and nostrils and the resonance frequencies of the air sac transmitted via the neck skin. The second assumes a weak coupling so that resonance frequencies of the air sac are lost to surrounding tissues by dissipation. In this case the resonance frequencies of the air sac solely influence the signal that is further filtered by the remaining vocal tract. According to our results one acoustic effect of the air sac in adult reindeer might be to mask formants of the vocal tract proper. In other cervid species, however, formants of rutting calls convey essential information on the quality of the sender, related to its potential reproductive success, to conspecifics. Further studies are required to solve this inconsistency. PMID:17310544

  9. Risk factors associated with late aneurysmal sac expansion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    PubMed Central

    Nakai, Motoki; Ikoma, Akira; Sato, Hirotatsu; Sato, Morio; Nishimura, Yoshiharu; Okamura, Yoshitaka

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to identify the risk factors associated with late aneurysmal sac expansion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) images of 143 patients who were followed for ?6 months after EVAR. Sac expansion was defined as an increase in sac diameter of 5 mm relative to the preoperative diameter. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify associated risk factors for late sac expansion after EVAR from the following variables: age, gender, device, endoleak, antiplatelet therapy, internal iliac artery embolization, and preprocedural variables (aneurysm diameter, proximal neck diameter, proximal neck length, suprarenal neck angulation, and infrarenal neck angulation). RESULTS Univariate analysis revealed female gender, endoleak, aneurysm diameter ?60 mm, suprarenal neck angulation >45°, and infrarenal neck angulation >60° as factors associated with sac expansion. Multivariate analysis revealed endoleak, aneurysm diameter ?60 mm, and infrarenal neck angulation >60° as independent predictors of sac expansion (P < 0.05, for all). CONCLUSION Our results suggest that patients with small abdominal aortic aneurysms (<60 mm) and infrarenal neck angulation ?60° are more favorable candidates for EVAR. Intraprocedural treatments, such as prophylactic embolization of aortic branches or intrasac embolization, may reduce the risk of sac expansion in patients with larger abdominal aortic aneurysms or greater infrarenal neck angulation. PMID:25858524

  10. Guidance in vitro of the pollen tube to the naked embryo sac of torenia fournieri

    PubMed Central

    Higashiyama, T; Kuroiwa, H; Kawano, S; Kuroiwa, T

    1998-01-01

    The precise guidance of the pollen tube to the embryo sac is critical to the successful sexual reproduction of flowering plants. We demonstrate here the guidance of the pollen tube to the embryo sac in vitro by using the naked embryo sac of Torenia fournieri, which protrudes from the micropyle of the ovule. We developed a medium for culture of both the ovule and the pollen tube of T. fournieri and cocultivated them in a thin layer of solid medium. Although pollen tubes that had germinated in vitro passed naked embryo sacs, some pollen tubes that grew semi-in vitro through a cut style arrived precisely at the site of entry into the embryo sac, namely, the filiform apparatus of the synergids. When pollen tubes were unable to enter the embryo sac, they continuously grew toward the same filiform apparatus, forming narrow coils. Pollen tubes selectively arrived at complete, unfertilized embryo sacs but did not arrive at those of heat-treated ovules or those with disrupted synergids. These results convincingly demonstrate that pollen tubes are specifically attracted to the region of the filiform apparatus of living synergids in vitro. PMID:9836742

  11. The effect of pigeon yolk sac fluid on the growth behavior of calcium carbonate crystals.

    PubMed

    Song, Juan; Cheng, Haixia; Shen, Xinyu; Tong, Hua

    2015-03-01

    Previous experiments have proved that thermodynamically unstable calcium carbonate vaterite can exist for long periods in the yolk sac of a pigeon embryo. The aim of this article was to demonstrate the effect of in vitro mineralization of yolk sac fluid on calcium carbonate by direct precipitation. Experiments were conducted using pigeon yolk sac fluid and using lecithin extracted from pigeon yolk sac fluid as a control to investigate the regulating effects of the organic components in the embryo on the formation of the calcium carbonate precipitate. Multiple characterization methods were employed to study the various morphological patterns, sizes, crystal growth, and crystal phase transformations of the calcium carbonate precipitates as regulated by the yolk sac fluid extracted at different stages of incubation. The experimental results demonstrate that as the incubation proceeds towards the later stages, the composition and environmental features of the yolk sac fluid become more favorable for the formation of relatively unstable calcium carbonate phases with high energies of the vaterite state. The experiments conducted with extracted lecithin as the template for crystal growth yielded similar results. A large amount of organic molecules with polar functional groups carried by the yolk sac fluid have strong effects and can both initially induce the crystallization and regulate the aggregation of calcium carbonate. Furthermore, this regulation process is found to be closely related to the lecithin contained in yolk sac fluid. These observations confirm the changes in yolk sac fluid composition during incubation have significant effects on the production of vaterite, which implicates the calcium transport during embryo growth. PMID:25681477

  12. SAC phosphoinositide phosphatases at the tonoplast mediate vacuolar function in Arabidopsis

    PubMed Central

    Nováková, Petra; Hirsch, Sibylle; Feraru, Elena; Tejos, Ricardo; van Wijk, Ringo; Viaene, Tom; Heilmann, Mareike; Lerche, Jennifer; De Rycke, Riet; Feraru, Mugurel I.; Grones, Peter; Van Montagu, Marc; Heilmann, Ingo; Munnik, Teun; Friml, Ji?í

    2014-01-01

    Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) is a structural phospholipid that can be phosphorylated into various lipid signaling molecules, designated polyphosphoinositides (PPIs). The reversible phosphorylation of PPIs on the 3, 4, or 5 position of inositol is performed by a set of organelle-specific kinases and phosphatases, and the characteristic head groups make these molecules ideal for regulating biological processes in time and space. In yeast and mammals, PtdIns3P and PtdIns(3,5)P2 play crucial roles in trafficking toward the lytic compartments, whereas the role in plants is not yet fully understood. Here we identified the role of a land plant-specific subgroup of PPI phosphatases, the suppressor of actin 2 (SAC2) to SAC5, during vacuolar trafficking and morphogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana. SAC2–SAC5 localize to the tonoplast along with PtdIns3P, the presumable product of their activity. In SAC gain- and loss-of-function mutants, the levels of PtdIns monophosphates and bisphosphates were changed, with opposite effects on the morphology of storage and lytic vacuoles, and the trafficking toward the vacuoles was defective. Moreover, multiple sac knockout mutants had an increased number of smaller storage and lytic vacuoles, whereas extralarge vacuoles were observed in the overexpression lines, correlating with various growth and developmental defects. The fragmented vacuolar phenotype of sac mutants could be mimicked by treating wild-type seedlings with PtdIns(3,5)P2, corroborating that this PPI is important for vacuole morphology. Taken together, these results provide evidence that PPIs, together with their metabolic enzymes SAC2–SAC5, are crucial for vacuolar trafficking and for vacuolar morphology and function in plants. PMID:24550313

  13. The PIKfyve-ArPIKfyve-Sac3 triad in human breast cancer: functional link between elevated Sac3 phosphatase and enhanced proliferation of triple negative cell lines

    PubMed Central

    Ikonomov, Ognian C.; Filios, Catherine; Sbrissa, Diego; Chen, Xuequn; Shisheva, Assia

    2014-01-01

    The phosphoinositide 5-kinase PIKfyve and 5-phosphatase Sac3 are scaffolded by ArPIKfyve in the PIKfyve-ArPIKfyve-Sac3 (PAS) regulatory complex to trigger a unique loop of PtdIns3P – PtdIns(3,5)P2 synthesis and turnover. Whereas the metabolizing enzymes of the other 3-phosphoinositides have already been implicated in breast cancer, the role of the PAS proteins and the PtdIns3P – PtdIns(3,5)P2 conversion is unknown. To begin elucidating their role, in this study we monitored the endogenous levels of the PAS complex proteins in cell lines derived from hormone-receptor positive (MCF7 and T47D) or triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) (BT20, BT549 and MDA-MB-231) as well as in MCF10A cells derived from non-tumorigenic mastectomy. We report profound upregulation of Sac3 and ArPIKfyve in the triple-negative vs. hormone sensitive breast cancer or non-tumorigenic cells, with BT cell lines showing the highest levels. siRNA-mediated knockdown of Sac3, but not that of PIKfyve, significantly inhibited proliferation of BT20 and BT549 cells. In these cells, knockdown of ArPIKfyve had only a minor effect, consistent with a primary role for Sac3 in TNBC cell proliferation. Intriguingly, steady-state levels of PtdIns(3,5)P2 in BT20 and T47D cells were similar despite the 6-fold difference in Sac3 levels between these cell lines. Rather, steady-state levels of PtdIns3P and PtdIns5P, both regulated by the PAS complex, were significantly reduced in BT20 cells vs. T47D or MCF10A cell lines, consistent with elevated Sac3 affecting directly or indirectly the homeostasis of these lipids in TNBC. Together, our results uncover an unexpected role for Sac3 phosphatase in TNBC cell proliferation. Database analyses, discussed herein, reinforce the involvement of Sac3 in breast cancer pathogenesis. PMID:24070605

  14. The PIKfyve-ArPIKfyve-Sac3 triad in human breast cancer: Functional link between elevated Sac3 phosphatase and enhanced proliferation of triple negative cell lines.

    PubMed

    Ikonomov, Ognian C; Filios, Catherine; Sbrissa, Diego; Chen, Xuequn; Shisheva, Assia

    2013-10-18

    The phosphoinositide 5-kinase PIKfyve and 5-phosphatase Sac3 are scaffolded by ArPIKfyve in the PIKfyve-ArPIKfyve-Sac3 (PAS) regulatory complex to trigger a unique loop of PtdIns3P-PtdIns(3,5)P2 synthesis and turnover. Whereas the metabolizing enzymes of the other 3-phosphoinositides have already been implicated in breast cancer, the role of the PAS proteins and the PtdIns3P-PtdIns(3,5)P2 conversion is unknown. To begin elucidating their roles, in this study we monitored the endogenous levels of the PAS complex proteins in cell lines derived from hormone-receptor positive (MCF7 and T47D) or triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) (BT20, BT549 and MDA-MB-231) as well as in MCF10A cells derived from non-tumorigenic mastectomy. We report profound upregulation of Sac3 and ArPIKfyve in the triple negative vs. hormone-sensitive breast cancer or non-tumorigenic cells, with BT cell lines showing the highest levels. siRNA-mediated knockdown of Sac3, but not that of PIKfyve, significantly inhibited proliferation of BT20 and BT549 cells. In these cells, knockdown of ArPIKfyve had only a minor effect, consistent with a primary role for Sac3 in TNBC cell proliferation. Intriguingly, steady-state levels of PtdIns(3,5)P2 in BT20 and T47D cells were similar despite the 6-fold difference in Sac3 levels between these cell lines. However, steady-state levels of PtdIns3P and PtdIns5P, both regulated by the PAS complex, were significantly reduced in BT20 vs. T47D or MCF10A cell lines, consistent with elevated Sac3 affecting directly or indirectly the homeostasis of these lipids in TNBC. Together, our results uncover an unexpected role for Sac3 phosphatase in TNBC cell proliferation. Database analyses, discussed herein, reinforce the involvement of Sac3 in breast cancer pathogenesis. PMID:24070605

  15. An irreducible left scrotal hernia containing a sigmoid colon tumor (adenocarcinoma) – Case report

    PubMed Central

    Gna?, Jaros?aw; Bulsa, Marek; Czaja-Bulsa, Gra?yna

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION In relation to all inguinal hernias, large irreducible scrotal hernias are quite rare, while such hernias containing colon tumors in the sac have so far been described in fewer than 30 cases. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 61-year-old patient was admitted for a planned surgery because of a large irreducible left-sided scrotal hernia. Intraoperatively, a large tumor of the sigmoid colon was found in the hernial sac. In a histopathological examination it was diagnosed as adenocarcinoma. A palliative operation was performed and he was referred to further systemic and palliative treatment (because of numerous coexisting liver metastases). DISCUSSION Until now, only about 30 cases of colon tumor in inguinal hernia sac have been reported. CONCLUSION It should be remembered that even the most obvious preoperative diagnosis may be verified intraoperatively. PMID:24988210

  16. Surveillance Analysis Computer System (SACS): Software requirements specification (SRS). Revision 2

    SciTech Connect

    Glasscock, J.A.

    1995-03-08

    This document is the primary document establishing requirements for the Surveillance Analysis Computer System (SACS) database, an Impact Level 3Q system. SACS stores information on tank temperatures, surface levels, and interstitial liquid levels. This information is retrieved by the customer through a PC-based interface and is then available to a number of other software tools. The software requirements specification (SRS) describes the system requirements for the SACS Project, and follows the Standard Engineering Practices (WHC-CM-6-1), Software Practices (WHC-CM-3-10) and Quality Assurance (WHC-CM-4-2, QR 19.0) policies.

  17. Multiple ectopic hepatocellular carcinomas arising in the abdominal cavity.

    PubMed

    Miyake, Toru; Hoshino, Seiichiro; Yoshida, Yoichiro; Aisu, Naoya; Tanimura, Syu; Hisano, Satoshi; Kuno, Nobuaki; Sohda, Tetsuro; Sakisaka, Shotaro; Yamashita, Yuichi

    2012-09-01

    Ectopic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a very rare clinical entity that is defined as HCC arising from extrahepatic liver tissue. This report presents a case of ectopic multiple HCC arising in the abdominal cavity. A 42-year-old otherwise healthy male presented with liver dysfunction at a general health checkup. Both HCV antibody and hepatitis B surface antigen were negative. Laboratory examination showed elevations in serum alpha-fetoprotein and PIVKA-II. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed multiple nodular lesions in the abdominal cavity with ascites without a possible primary tumor. Exploratory laparoscopy was performed, which revealed bloody ascites and multiple brown nodular tumors measuring approximately 10 mm in size that were disseminated on the perineum and mesentery. A postoperative PET-CT scan was performed but it did not reveal any evidence of a tumor in the liver. The tumors resected from the peritoneum were diagnosed as HCC. The present case of HCC was thought to have possibly developed from ectopic liver on the peritoneum or mesentery. PMID:23139654

  18. Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma Arising in Colorectal Endometriosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Qiao; Zhao, Xia; Han, Ping

    2015-01-01

    Extrauterine endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) arising in endometriosis is extremely rare, particularly in the colorectum. It should always be included in the differential diagnosis of primary tumors originating from gastrointestinal tract in females, given that preoperative endoscopical biopsy may reveal no specific changes. We reported a case of ESS arising in colorectal endometriosis and reviewed the previous 7 cases reported in the English literature. Our patient, who was unavailable for tumor resection and refused further adjuvant therapy, played a role in representing the natural history of low-grade extragenital ESS. This case was the only death from ESS arising in colorectal endometriosis. PMID:25648532

  19. Fibrosarcoma arising from gouty tophi: report of a unique case and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jian-Jun; Wang, Hai-Yan; Cheng, Kai; Wang, Xuan; Yu, Bo; Shi, Shan-Shan; Zhou, Xiao-Jun; Shi, Qun-Li

    2015-01-01

    Fibrosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal tumor. To the author’s best knowledge, no previous case of fibrosarcoma arising from gouty tophi has been reported. Here we reported the first case of fibrosarcoma arising from gouty tophi. A case of 58-year-old man was presented with a mass with ulcer and infection in the second joint of left middle finger for 2 months, with long standing gouty tophi. The tumor was biopsied and the biopsy showed complete excision of the tumor. With the pathological and immunohistochemical features considered, the diagnosis of fibrosarcoma associated with gouty tophi was made. The clinical findings, pathological characteristics and treatment were described. PMID:26097616

  20. Early chick mortality associated with rupture of the yolk sac.

    PubMed

    Shaw, D P; Halvorson, D A

    1993-01-01

    Rupture of the yolk sac was identified in leghorn chicks from six placements of a commercial hatchery that had high mortality (up to 3%) during the first 3 days. The abdomens of these chicks were filled with cloudy yellowish fluid; kidneys were swollen, and many chicks also had severe visceral urate deposition (visceral gout). No significant bacterial growth was detected. The hatchery had recently hired new sexors. After the sexors were cautioned to handle the chicks more carefully, the problem abruptly subsided. In an experimental attempt to reproduce the condition, a graded series of doses (0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 ml) of egg yolk were injected intraperitoneally into five groups of twenty 1-day-old chicks. Twelve of the 20 chicks that received the 4-ml dose died. They developed swollen, pale kidneys and had cloudy yellow fluid in the abdominal cavity, but no visceral urate deposition. Only six of the remaining 80 chicks that received lesser doses or no yolk died. PMID:8257362

  1. SAC-B GaAs solar array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brambilla, L.; Caon, A.; Contini, R.; D'Accolti, G.; Rossi, E.; Verzeni, G.; Flores, C.; Paletta, F.; Pedrazzoli, G.; Grattarola, M.

    1993-10-01

    This paper describes the electrical and mechanical design of the GaAs solar array of SAC-B, an Argentinian scientific satellite, planned for launch in 1995 into a 550-km circular orbit by Pegasus vehicle. The solar array is made up of four deployable wings, embodying approximately 1000 LPE GaAs solar cells, (30 x 41 sq mm), capable of providing about 215 W at 28 V at EOL. The mechanical structure of each panel comprises an aluminum honeycomb structure with carbon fiber skins; the active facesheet is covered with an insulating layer of kapton/fiberglass. Each panel is attached via a pair of hinges to the spacecraft body while a restraint/release mechanism holds the other panel edge to the spacecraft. Different considerations have been taken into account for the electrical and mechanical design of the solar array: geometrical constraints of the Pegasus static envelope and the satellite for the panel dimensioning, mission degradation factors, minimization of the magnetic moment, and realiability requirements. Several environmental tests (including thermal vacuum and vibration) are foreseen at panel and/or satellite level to verify performances during the mission.

  2. Development of the inverted visceral yolk sac in three species of caviids (Rodentia, Caviomorpha, Caviidae).

    PubMed

    Miglino, M A; Franciolli, A L R; de Oliveira, M F; Ambrósio, C E; Bonatelli, M; Machado, M R F; Mess, A

    2008-08-01

    Guinea pig related rodents possess numerous derived placental characters. We attempt to identify diversity within the visceral yolk sac and its association with the chorioallantoic placenta in three species of caviids, two of them possessing a capsule formed by the decidua that covers the chorioallantoic placenta. The results verify that in early pregnancy all three species have an inverted yolk sac placenta. In advanced pregnancy the species differ: Galea spixii, as representative without a capsule, bear a yolk sac in apposition to the chorioallantoic placenta with signs of exchange activity until term. Galea is similar to other caviomorphs in this respect. In Dasyprocta leporina and Cuniculus paca, the representatives possessing a capsule, the yolk sac endoderm lacks signs of substance exchange. Evidently, the presence of a capsule prevents such an interaction. The variations established here must be considered if animal models for human placentation are required which have restricted access to the chorioallantoic placenta from the outside. PMID:18586321

  3. Tutorial: Evaluation of Recommender Systems ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC 2012)

    E-print Network

    Jannach, Dietmar

    - 1 - Tutorial: Evaluation of Recommender Systems ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC 2012 they work ? ­ Collaborative Filtering ­ Contentbased Filtering ­ KnowledgeBased Recommendations, Markus Zanker and Gerhard Friedrich Agenda What are recommender systems for? ­ Introduction How do

  4. Histological and histochemical analyses of the cuttlebone sac of the golden cuttlefish Sepia esculenta

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Xiaodong; Xiao, Shu; Wang, Zhaoping; Wang, Rucai

    2007-10-01

    The secretion function of mantle is closely related to shell formation in some bivalves and gastropods. Up to now, few researches have been reported for cuttlebone formation in the class Cephalopoda. In this study, the structure and secretion function of cuttlebone sac of the golden cuttlefish Sepia esculenta was analyzed using the histological and histochemical methods. The results showed that high and columnar cells located in sac epithelium, and flat cells existed near the base membrane. A lot of fibroblasts were found in the lateral mantle collective tissue. Some mucus, mucopolysaccharide and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were found in the sac. The ultrastructural characteristics of Quasi-connective-tissue-calcium cells (QCTCC) were observed using a transmission electron microscope (TEM). The relationship between cuttlebone sac secretion function and shell formation was discussed.

  5. Histological evaluation of pearl-sac development in the Concho Pearly Mussel (Cyrtonaias tampicoens) 

    E-print Network

    Tower, Stephan N.

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to assess the wound repair properties and epithelial cell proliferation in the processes necessary to develop a pearl-sac in the mantle of the Concho Pearly Mussel (Uniodidea: Cyrtonaias tampicoens). Samples...

  6. Phosphoregulatory protein 14-3-3 facilitates SAC1 transport from the endoplasmic reticulum.

    PubMed

    Bajaj Pahuja, Kanika; Wang, Jinzhi; Blagoveshchenskaya, Anastasia; Lim, Lillian; Madhusudhan, M S; Mayinger, Peter; Schekman, Randy

    2015-06-23

    Most secretory cargo proteins in eukaryotes are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum and actively exported in membrane-bound vesicles that are formed by the cytosolic coat protein complex II (COPII). COPII proteins are assisted by a variety of cargo-specific adaptor proteins required for the concentration and export of secretory proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Adaptor proteins are key regulators of cargo export, and defects in their function may result in disease phenotypes in mammals. Here we report the role of 14-3-3 proteins as a cytosolic adaptor in mediating SAC1 transport in COPII-coated vesicles. Sac1 is a phosphatidyl inositol-4 phosphate (PI4P) lipid phosphatase that undergoes serum dependent translocation between the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex and controls cellular PI4P lipid levels. We developed a cell-free COPII vesicle budding reaction to examine SAC1 exit from the ER that requires COPII and at least one additional cytosolic factor, the 14-3-3 protein. Recombinant 14-3-3 protein stimulates the packaging of SAC1 into COPII vesicles and the sorting subunit of COPII, Sec24, interacts with 14-3-3. We identified a minimal sorting motif of SAC1 that is important for 14-3-3 binding and which controls SAC1 export from the ER. This LS motif is part of a 7-aa stretch, RLSNTSP, which is similar to the consensus 14-3-3 binding sequence. Homology models, based on the SAC1 structure from yeast, predict this region to be in the exposed exterior of the protein. Our data suggest a model in which the 14-3-3 protein mediates SAC1 traffic from the ER through direct interaction with a sorting signal and COPII. PMID:26056309

  7. Testosterone sensitivity of the seminal sacs of tree sparrows (Spizella arborea) in different reproductive states.

    PubMed

    Wilson, F E

    1986-04-01

    Testosterone sensitivity of the seminal sacs of castrated tree sparrows from each of three reproductive states was evaluated by measuring the change in seminal-sac mass per unit change in the logarithm of replacement or plasma testosterone. Birds were exposed to exogenous testosterone for 38 days. Replacement doses less than 0.17 mumol or plasma concentrations less than about 0.7 nmol/l did not induce seminal-sac growth in photosensitive castrated birds held on short days, in photosensitive castrated birds transferred from short to long days, or in photorefractory castrated birds retained on long days. Higher replacement doses or plasma concentrations, however, stimulated log dose-dependent growth of the seminal sacs in castrated birds from all three reproductive states. The change in seminal-sac mass per unit change in the logarithm of the dose of replacement testosterone was less (P = 0.0495) in photosensitive castrated birds held on short days than in photosensitive castrated birds transferred to long days. A more critical test of sensitivity (i.e. the change in seminal-sac mass per unit change in the logarithm of mean plasma testosterone concentration) indicated, however, that sensitivity of the seminal sacs to testosterone is independent of reproductive state. That result, when considered in the context of the plasma testosterone profile of intact males during a simulated reproductive cycle, argues that the seminal sacs of sexually quiescent (photosensitive or photorefractory) tree sparrows are small not because of their insensitivity to androgens, but because of a deficiency of circulating androgens. PMID:3701240

  8. Evidence for Avian Intrathoracic Air Sacs in a New Predatory Dinosaur from Argentina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul C. Sereno; Ricardo N. Martinez; Jeffrey A. Wilson; David J. Varricchio; Oscar A. Alcober; Hans C. E. Larsson; Tom Kemp

    2008-01-01

    BackgroundLiving birds possess a unique heterogeneous pulmonary system composed of a rigid, dorsally-anchored lung and several compliant air sacs that operate as bellows, driving inspired air through the lung. Evidence from the fossil record for the origin and evolution of this system is extremely limited, because lungs do not fossilize and because the bellow-like air sacs in living birds only

  9. Transcriptome analysis of biomineralisation-related genes within the pearl sac: host and donor oyster contribution.

    PubMed

    McGinty, E L; Zenger, K R; Jones, D B; Jerry, D R

    2012-03-01

    Cultured pearl production is a complex biological process involving the implantation of a mantle graft from a donor pearl oyster along with a bead nucleus into the gonad of a second recipient host oyster. Therefore, pearl production potentially involves the genetic co-operation of two oyster genomes. Whilst many genes in the mantle tissue have been identified and linked to shell biomineralisation in pearl oysters, few studies have determined which of these biomineralisation genes are expressed in the pearl sac and potentially linked to pearl biomineralisation processes. It is also uncertain whether the host or donor oyster is primarily responsible for the expression of biomineralisation genes governing pearl formation, with only two shell matrix proteins previously identified as being expressed by the donor oyster in the pearl sac. To further our understanding of pearl formation, the pearl sac transcriptome of Pinctada maxima and Pinctada margaritifera was each sequenced to an equivalent 5× genome coverage with putative molluscan biomineralisation-related genes identified. Furthermore, the host and donor contribution of these expressed genes within the pearl sac were quantified using a novel approach whereby two pearl oyster species harbouring unique genomes, P. maxima or P. margaritifera, were used to produce xenografted pearl sacs. A total of 19 putative mollusc biomineralisation genes were identified and found to be expressed in the pearl sacs of P. maxima and P. margaritifera. From this list of expressed genes, species-diagnostic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were identified within seven of these genes; Linkine, N66, Perline, N44, MSI60, Calreticulin and PfCHS1. Based on the presence/absence of species diagnostic gene transcripts within xenografted pearl sacs, all seven genes were found to be expressed by the species used as the donor oyster. In one individual we also found that the host was expressing Linkine. These results convincingly show for the first time that the donor mantle tissue is primarily responsible for the expression of biomineralisation genes in the pearl sac. PMID:22325719

  10. Characterization of Definitive Lymphohematopoietic Stem Cells in the Day 9 Murine Yolk Sac

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mervin C Yoder; Kelly Hiatt; Parmesh Dutt; Pinku Mukherjee; David M Bodine; Donald Orlic

    1997-01-01

    The site of origin of lymphohematopoietic stem cells (HSC) that initiate definitive blood cell production in the murine fetal liver is controversial. Contrary to reports that the preliver yolk sac does not contain definitive HSC, we observed that CD34+ day 9 yolk sac cells repopulated multiple blood cell lineages in newborn hosts for at least 1 year. Furthermore, 100 CD34+c-Kit+

  11. Unusual microtubular cytoskeleton of apomictic embryo sac of Chondrilla juncea L

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Ko?ci?ska-Paj?k; J. Bednara

    2006-01-01

    Summary.  The mature apomictic embryo sac of Chondrilla juncea is highly vacuolated and demonstrates a polarization similar to that of the amphimictic gametophyte. The microtubule cytoskeleton\\u000a of this embryo sac is uncharacteristic and relatively weak. The microtubules are positioned along cell walls and resemble\\u000a cortical microtubules of somatic cells. They do not form the parallel, brushlike structures observed around the filiform

  12. Increasing the Capacity of SAC-OCDMA: Forward Error Correction or Coherent Sources?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simon Ayotte; Leslie A. Rusch

    2007-01-01

    We consider three different strategies for maximizing the capacity while minimizing the cost of spectral amplitude coding optical code-division multiple access (SAC-OCDMA): incoherent sources, multilaser sources and forward error correction (FEC). Due to their low cost and wide optical bandwidth, incoherent sources are often considered for SAC-OCDMA. Such sources exhibit reduced spectral efficiency due to their intensity-noise- limited performance. For

  13. Melanoma arising after imiquimod use.

    PubMed

    Paul, Sharad P

    2014-01-01

    Imiquimod belongs to the class of 1H-imidazo-[4,5-c]quinolones-drugs originally developed as nucleoside analogues with the aim of finding new potential antiviral agents (Harrison et al., 1988). Indeed, Imiquimod was first released as treatment for genital warts before its actions against skin cancer were studied. Imiquimod is a relatively small sized molecule (Mr = 240.3) and is hydrophobic, allowing it to penetrate the skin epidermal barrier and therefore making it suitable for topical formulations (Gerster et al., 2005). Imiquimod has shown itself effective against skin cancers and precancerous lesions, especially basal cell cancers and actinic keratosis (Salasche et al., 2002, Beutner et al., 1999). There have been reports of Imiquimod being used as topical treatment against cutaneous metastases of melanoma and some authors have reported its use as first-line therapy against melanoma in situ (Smyth et al., 2011, Gagnon, 2011). We report a case of an invasive malignant melanoma arising de novo at the specific site of application of Imiquimod (Aldara cream 5%) for a biopsy-proven superficial BCC. Therefore while Imiquimod has added to our topical armamentarium against skin cancer, care must be exercised in prescribing this treatment and it is especially important to follow up patients regularly. PMID:25431597

  14. Melanoma Arising after Imiquimod Use

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Imiquimod belongs to the class of 1H-imidazo-[4,5-c]quinolones—drugs originally developed as nucleoside analogues with the aim of finding new potential antiviral agents (Harrison et al., 1988). Indeed, Imiquimod was first released as treatment for genital warts before its actions against skin cancer were studied. Imiquimod is a relatively small sized molecule (Mr = 240.3) and is hydrophobic, allowing it to penetrate the skin epidermal barrier and therefore making it suitable for topical formulations (Gerster et al., 2005). Imiquimod has shown itself effective against skin cancers and precancerous lesions, especially basal cell cancers and actinic keratosis (Salasche et al., 2002, Beutner et al., 1999). There have been reports of Imiquimod being used as topical treatment against cutaneous metastases of melanoma and some authors have reported its use as first-line therapy against melanoma in situ (Smyth et al., 2011, Gagnon, 2011). We report a case of an invasive malignant melanoma arising de novo at the specific site of application of Imiquimod (Aldara cream 5%) for a biopsy-proven superficial BCC. Therefore while Imiquimod has added to our topical armamentarium against skin cancer, care must be exercised in prescribing this treatment and it is especially important to follow up patients regularly. PMID:25431597

  15. Female Gametophyte Development in Maize: Microtubular Organization and Embryo Sac Polarity.

    PubMed Central

    Huang, B. Q.; Sheridan, W. F.

    1994-01-01

    The developmental stages of the maize embryo sac were correlated with the corresponding silk lengths of ear florets in the female inflorescence. The development of embryo sacs in the ovules of spikes occurs in a gradient pattern with the initiation of the embryo sac beginning at the base of the ear and progressing to the top. At the beginning of meiosis, the presence of conspicuous cortical microtubules coincides with the extensive elongation of the megasporocyte. The spindles at metaphase I and II align along the long axis of the megasporocyte leading to the linear alignment of the dyad and tetrad of megaspores. During megagametogenesis, micropylar and chalazal nuclei of the embryo sac undergo synchronized divisions and migration at the second and third mitosis. Radiate perinuclear microtubules are present during the interphase of the second and third mitosis, and inter-sister nuclear microtubules occur at the late four-nucleate embryo sac. The configuration and orientation of the spindles, phragmoplasts, and pairs of nuclei result in precise positioning of the nuclei. The fusion of the polar nuclei and the formation of a microtubule organizing center-like structure in the filiform apparatus occur right after the first division of the antipodal cells. The different patterns of organization of microtubules in the cells of the mature embryo sac reflect their structural adaptations for their future function. PMID:12244261

  16. Natural Resolution of Air Sac Lesions Caused by Mycoplasma meleagridis in Turkeys

    PubMed Central

    Bigland, C. H.

    1969-01-01

    Lesions caused by Mycoplasma meleagridis were followed in one hatch of turkeys from one day to 20½ weeks of age. Air sac lesion incidence increased from 20% at one day to 44% at six weeks of age with a slow decline to 10% at 10 weeks of age. Lesions were detectable on careful examination at 10-20% level to 20 weeks of age on laboratory examination, but at 20½ weeks only 0.07% lesions were found in 1000 turkeys from the same hatch. Air sac lesion severity, based on an arbitrary 0.5,1,2,3,+scale, increased in intensity and spread of air sac involvement from a mean of 1.5 at day old to 2.5 at five weeks of age. This declined to 1.0 at 10 weeks of age and lesions became progressively more faint until careful examination was necessary to detect them in birds 15 weeks and older. The latter would not be considered as a cause of total condemnation. The percentage of Mycoplasma isolations from the respiratory tissues were much higher in birds exhibiting air sac lesions than those in which no typical air sac lesions were visible, as follows. air sacs 51.6 vs. 2.9, lungs 43.3 vs. 4.0, trachea 47.2 vs. 4.6, sinus 38.5 vs. 19.0. PMID:4242766

  17. [Germ cell and embryonal tumors].

    PubMed

    Reith, W; Mühl-Benninghaus, R; Simgen, A; Yilmaz, U

    2014-08-01

    Germ cell tumors, which constitute approximately 3-5% of tumors of the central nervous system (CNS), can be subdivided into germinomas, embryonal carcinomas, yolk sac tumors, choriocarcinomas, teratomas and mixed germ cell tumors. The diagnosis of intracranial germ cell tumor is based on the clinical symptoms, detection of tumor markers, such as alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and the beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and spinal cord, CSF cytology and histology. The diagnosis of a secreting germ cell tumor, i.e. a non-germinoma, can be made by the determination of AFP and hCG as tumor markers. Germinomas are radiosensitive but are equally as sensitive to chemotherapy. Teratomas of the CNS are mostly diagnosed in newborns and infants. The most decisive role in the treatment of teratomas is played by as complete a resection as possible. Chemotherapy and irradiation play a subordinate role.Embryonal tumors, which constitute approximately 15-20% of CNS tumors, include medulloblastomas, primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) of the CNS and the atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor of the CNS. Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor in childhood and adolescence. The incidence peak is the fifth year of life with a male predisposition in a ratio of 1.5:1. Medulloblastomas constitute 12-25% of all pediatric CNS tumors and 30-40% of pediatric tumors of the posterior cranial fossa. At the time of diagnosis evidence of dissemination in the CSF cavity is found in approximately 40% of patients. The extreme cell density makes medulloblastomas hyperdense in computed tomography (CT) and can therefore be differentiated from hypodense astrocytomas. The PNETs are histologically related to medulloblastomas, pineoblastomas, atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors and peripheral neuroblastomas. They are relatively rare in children constituting less than 5% of supratentorial neoplasms. Patients are mostly clinically conspicuous due to macrocephalus and signs of brain pressure and/or seizures. In native CT the solid components of PNETs show a hyperdensity compared to the surrounding brain parenchyma probably due to the high cell density. Cysts and calcification are often detectable. The survival rate of children with CNS tumors has continuously increased in recent years. When corresponding clinical symptoms appear, such as headache, nausea or vomiting when fasting, all of which are evidence of increased intracranial pressure, MRI should be carried out as quickly as possible. Children should be treated in centers with departments of pediatric oncology and hematology and within the framework of studies. PMID:25119569

  18. ArPIKfyve regulates Sac3 protein abundance and turnover: disruption of the mechanism by Sac3I41T mutation causing Charcot-Marie-Tooth 4J disorder.

    PubMed

    Ikonomov, Ognian C; Sbrissa, Diego; Fligger, Jason; Delvecchio, Khortnal; Shisheva, Assia

    2010-08-27

    The mammalian phosphatidylinositol (3,5)-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P(2)) phosphatase Sac3 and ArPIKfyve, the associated regulator of the PtdIns3P-5 kinase PIKfyve, form a stable binary complex that associates with PIKfyve in a ternary complex to increase PtdIns(3,5)P(2) production. Whether the ArPIKfyve-Sac3 subcomplex functions outside the PIKfyve context is unknown. Here we show that stable or transient expression of ArPIKfyve(WT) in mammalian cells elevates steady-state protein levels and the PtdIns(3,5)P(2)-hydrolyzing activity of Sac3, whereas knockdown of ArPIKfyve has the opposite effect. These manipulations do not alter the Sac3 mRNA levels, suggesting that ArPIKfyve might control Sac3 protein degradation. Inhibition of protein synthesis in COS cells by cycloheximide reveals remarkably rapid turnover of expressed Sac3(WT) (t((1/2)) = 18.8 min), resulting from a proteasome-dependent clearance as evidenced by the extended Sac3(WT) half-life upon inhibiting proteasome activity. Coexpression of ArPIKfyve(WT), but not the N- or C-terminal halves, prolongs the Sac3(WT) half-life consistent with enhanced Sac3 protein stability through association with full-length ArPIKfyve. We further demonstrate that mutant Sac3, harboring the pathogenic Ile-to-Thr substitution at position 41 found in patients with CMT4J disorder, is similar to Sac3(WT) with regard to PtdIns(3,5)P(2)-hydrolyzing activity, association with ArPIKfyve, or rapid proteasome-dependent clearance. Remarkably, however, neither is the steady-state Sac3(I41T) elevated nor is the Sac3(I41T) half-life extended by coexpressed ArPIKfyve(WT), indicating that unlike with Sac3(WT), ArPIKfyve fails to prevent Sac3(I41T) rapid loss. Together, our data indentify a novel regulatory mechanism whereby ArPIKfyve enhances Sac3 abundance by attenuating Sac3 proteasome-dependent degradation and suggest that a failure of this mechanism could be the primary molecular defect in the pathogenesis of CMT4J. PMID:20630877

  19. Squamous cell carcinoma and osteosarcoma arising from a dermoid cyst--a case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Allam-Nandyala, Pushpa; Bui, Marilyn M; Caracciolo, Jamie T; Hakam, Ardeshir

    2010-01-01

    A rare case of multiple malignant tumors (poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and high grade osteosarcoma) arising in an ovarian dermoid cyst of a 55 year old female is reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first well documented example of such an unusual combination of tumors arising in a dermoid cyst. The osteosarcoma and squamous cell carcinoma appear to arise in the background of benign teratomatous environment of a dermoid cyst rather than from "pure" mixed mesodermal tumors of the ovary. The tumors did not appear to have well demarcated boundaries with a junction or close intermingling of both cell types, features less favorable for collision tumor or carcinosarcoma. Despite extensive surgery with negative surgical margins and combination chemotherapy, the patient had recurrence of the tumor within four months and she died secondary to septicemia to chemotherapy and bilateral pulmonary emboli shortly after. PMID:20224730

  20. Tumor angiogenesis: molecular pathways and therapeutic targets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara M Weis; David A Cheresh

    2011-01-01

    As angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and metastasis, controlling tumor-associated angiogenesis is a promising tactic in limiting cancer progression. The tumor microenvironment comprises numerous signaling molecules and pathways that influence the angiogenic response. Understanding how these components functionally interact as angiogenic stimuli or as repressors and how mechanisms of resistance arise is required for the identification of new therapeutic

  1. Myofibroblastoma Arising in Mammary Hamartoma: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Uchôa, Diego M.; Cruz, Dênnis Baroni; Schaefer, Pedro Guilherme; Pêgas, Karla Laís; Cambruzzi, Eduardo

    2010-01-01

    Myofibroblastoma (MFB) is a rare mesenchymal tumor arising in breast's soft tissue with a great variety of microscopic features that can be mistaken with a wide variety of biphasic lesions. The authors report a rare case of myofibroblastoma of the breast arising in a mammary hamartoma (MH), present a review of the clinicopathological features of these lesions, and make some diagnostic considerations. The tumour consisted of a well-circumscribed nodule. MFB component comprised about fifty percent of the lesion and was made up of bipolar spindle cells arranged in fascicular clusters separated by bands of hyalinized collagen. There were fat cells and several residual hamartoma glands intermingled and distorted in MFB area. MFB component was positive for Desmin, CD34, bcl-2, and Calponin. To the best of our knowledge, MFB has not been reported in MH, neither has any of the reports described mammary glands joined within MFB. PMID:21151720

  2. Prox1 expression in the endolymphatic sac revealed by whole-mount fluorescent imaging of Prox1-GFP transgenic mice.

    PubMed

    Miyashita, Takenori; Burford, James L; Hong, Young-Kwon; Gevorgyan, Haykanush; Lam, Lisa; Hoshikawa, Hiroshi; Mori, Nozomu; Peti-Peterdi, Janos

    2015-01-30

    This study describes a technical breakthrough in endolymphatic sac research, made possible by the use of the recently generated Prox1-GFP transgenic mouse model. Whole-mount imaging techniques through the decalcified temporal bone and three-dimensional observations of Prox1-GFP mouse tissue revealed the positive labeling of the endolymphatic sac in adult stage, and allowed, for the first time, the GFP-based identification of endolymphatic sac epithelial cells. Prox1 expression was observed in all parts of the endolymphatic sac epithelia. In intermediate portion of the endolymphatic sac, mitochondria-rich cells did not express Prox1, although ribosome-rich cells showed strong GFP labeling. The anatomical relationship between the endolymphatic sac and the surrounding vasculature was directly observed. In the endolymphatic sac, expression of Prox1 may suggest progenitor cell-like pluripotency or developmental similarity to systemic lymphatic vessels in other organs. This whole-mount imaging technique of the endolymphatic sac can be combined with other conventional histological, sectioning, and labeling techniques and will be very useful for future endolymphatic sac research. PMID:25529452

  3. Cell growth-promoting activity of fluid from eye sacs of the bubble-eye goldfish (Carassius auratus).

    PubMed

    Sawatari, Etsuko; Hashimoto, Hisashi; Matsumura, Takaharu; Iwata, Yasuhiro; Yamamoto, Naoki; Yokoyama, Yoshihiro; Wakamatsu, Yuko

    2009-04-01

    The growth-promoting effects of fish body fluids, such as serum and embryonic extract, on fish cell cultures have been widely demonstrated. The bubble-eye variety of aquarium goldfish is characterized as having a large sac filled with fluid (sac fluid) under each eye. These sacs are believed to contain lymph, which is similar in composition to serum or blood plasma. In order to test whether the sac fluid can be used as an additive for fetal bovine serum (FBS) in growth factor supplements, we compared cell growth in media containing FBS together with different concentrations of sac fluid. A dose-dependent growth-promotion effect was observed in early passage caudal fin cells from both medaka and zebrafish. Cell-growth promotion was also confirmed in early passage medaka blastula cells and in a zebrafish embryonic cell line (ZF4). Replacement of the fluid in the eye sacs of bubble-eyes occurs within a couple of months after the sac fluid has been harvested, and the cell-growth promoting activity of the new fluid is similar to that of the fluid that was tapped initially. These findings suggest that sac fluid can be used as a growth-promoting supplement for fish cell culture. Importantly, the ability of the goldfish to replace the fluid combined with the fact that equipotent fluid can be repeatedly harvested from the eye sacs means that a sustainable source of the fluid can be obtained without needing to sacrifice the fish. PMID:19798918

  4. Differentiation of the yolk-sac endoderm under the influence of the digestive-tract mesenchyme.

    PubMed

    Masui, T

    1981-04-01

    To reveal differentiation potency of yolk-sac endoderm, this tissue from quail embryos was cultured alone or in association with digestive-tract mesenchymes of chick embryos. When yolk-sac endoderm was cultured alone in vitro, the endoderm of the area vitellina differentiated into the yolk-sac parenchyma, but the endoderm of the extraembryonic area pellucida (EEAP) failed to differentiate into yolk-sac parenchyma, and the endoderm of the area vasculosa became necrotic. When endoderm of the area vitellina was cultured in association with digestive-tract mesenchymes, all the endodermal cells developed into yolk-sac parenchymal cells after two days. Later, basophilic cells appeared among them, and differentiated into both mesenchyme-specific epithelia and intestinal-type epithelium with a striated border, and villi were also formed. Goblet cells appeared in all types of recombinations. The endoderm of the EEAP cultured with digestive-tract mesenchymes gave similar results to that of the area vitellina. In contrast, endoderm of the area vasculosa, when cultured with digestive-tract mesenchymes, became necrotic. The present investigation demonstrated that the endoderms of the area vitellina and of the EEAP differ in self-differentiation potency, and that their developmental fates can be modified by the influence of digestive-tract mesenchymes. These endoderms can differentiate into the mesenchyme-specific epithelia, though they often differentiate also into the intestinal-type epithelium. PMID:7276813

  5. Case of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of lacrimal sac in a Japanese patient

    PubMed Central

    Kajita, Fusae; Oshitari, Toshiyuki; Yotsukura, Jiro; Asanagi, Kaoru; Baba, Takayuki; Kishimoto, Takashi; Yamamoto, Shuichi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the lacrimal sac. A 77-year-old man had epiphora of the right eye for three years. After visiting five clinics and hospitals, he was referred to our hospital, and the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging findings suggested a lacrimal sac mass. Dacryocysteography showed an obstruction of the right nasolacrimal duct, so we performed dacryocystectomy. After a histopathologic examination of the specimen, the patient was diagnosed with a DLBCL. Positron emission tomography scanning excluded metastases, and the final diagnosis was made of a primary DLBCL of the right lacrimal sac. He underwent radiotherapy with 30.6 Gray in total to the right lacrimal sac. After radiotherapy, no recurrence has been observed anywhere in his body for one year. Although a malignant lymphoma of the lacrimal sac is rare, clinicians should consider a primary malignant lymphoma in the differential diagnosis in patients with chronic dacryocystitis. PMID:21179217

  6. KNApSAcK-3D: a three-dimensional structure database of plant metabolites.

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Kensuke; Shimura, Naoki; Otabe, Yuuki; Hirai-Morita, Aki; Nakamura, Yukiko; Ono, Naoaki; Ul-Amin, Md Altaf; Kanaya, Shigehiko

    2013-02-01

    Studies on plant metabolites have attracted significant attention in recent years. Over the past 8 years, we have constructed a unique metabolite database, called KNApSAcK, that contains information on the relationships between metabolites and their expressing organism(s). In the present paper, we introduce KNApSAcK-3D, which contains the three-dimensional (3D) structures of all of the metabolic compounds included in the original KNApSAcK database. The 3D structure for each compound was optimized using the Merck Molecular Force Field (MMFF94), and a multiobjective genetic algorithm was used to search extensively for possible conformations and locate the global minimum. The resulting set of structures may be used for docking studies to identify new and potentially unexpected binding sites for target proteins. The 3D structures may also be utilized for more qualitative studies, such as the estimation of biological activities using 3D-QSAR. The database can be accessed via a link from the KNApSAcK Family website (http://kanaya.naist.jp/KNApSAcK_Family/) or directory at http://kanaya.naist.jp/knapsack3d/. PMID:23292603

  7. Direct Effects of Microalgae and Protists on Herring (Clupea harengus) Yolk Sac Larvae

    PubMed Central

    Illing, Björn; Moyano, Marta; Niemax, Jan; Peck, Myron A.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated effects of microalgae (Rhodomonas baltica) and heterotrophic protists (Oxyrrhis marina) on the daily growth, activity, condition and feeding success of Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) larvae from hatch, through the end of the endogenous (yolk sac) period. Yolk sac larvae were reared in the presence and absence of microplankton and, each day, groups of larvae were provided access to copepods. Larvae reared with microalgae and protists exhibited precocious (2 days earlier) and ? 60% increased feeding incidence on copepods compared to larvae reared in only seawater (SW). In the absence and presence of microalgae and protists, life span and growth trajectories of yolk sac larvae were similar and digestive enzyme activity (trypsin) and nutritional condition (RNA-DNA ratio) markedly declined in all larvae directly after yolk sac depletion. Thus, microplankton promoted early feeding but was not sufficient to alter life span and growth during the yolk sac phase. Given the importance of early feeding, field programs should place greater emphasis on the protozooplankton-ichthyoplankton link to better understand match-mismatch dynamics and bottom-up drivers of year class success in marine fish. PMID:26035592

  8. Deafness due to bilateral endolymphatic sac tumours in a case of von Hippel-Lindau syndrome.

    PubMed Central

    Kempermann, G; Neumann, H P; Scheremet, R; Volk, B; Mann, W; Gilsbach, J; Laszig, R

    1996-01-01

    A case of bilateral endolymphatic sac tumours is reported. In a patient with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, tumour growth in the right cerebellopontine angle caused deafness. The tumour was removed and classified as a metastasis from a thyroid carcinoma. However, on thyroidectomy no primary neoplasm could be found. Eight years later a similar tumour was operated on in the left petrosal bone. Histological appearance, immunocytochemical findings, and the clinical context gave evidence that the tumours had to be reclassified as endolymphatic sac tumours--extremely rare entities. The report supports the hypothesis, suggested by the few earlier case reports, that endolymphatic sac tumours could be one of the inherent tumour manifestations in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. Images PMID:8795608

  9. A complicated, metastatic, humeral air sac cystadenocarcinoma in a timneh African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh).

    PubMed

    Azmanis, Panagiotis; Stenkat, Julia; Hübel, Jens; Böhme, Julia; Krautwald-Junghanns, Maria Elisabeth; Schmidt, Volker

    2013-03-01

    A 9-year-old male timneh African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh) was presented because of inability to fly and suspected trauma. The owner also had observed dyspnea, with tail bobbing and open-beak breathing. On clinical examination, a hard, painful mass was palpable in the left proximal humerus and axillary area. Radiographs revealed a radiodense soft tissue mass of the left humerus with no bony involvement, multifocal opacities in lung and air sacs, and an enlarged spleen. An asymmetric, vascularized cyst was detected in the mass by ultrasound examination. Results of biopsy of the mass revealed multifocal cysts composed of unilayer isoprismatic cells laying in vascularized connective tissue. Because of the severity of clinical signs and the poor clinical condition, the bird was euthanatized. On postmortem examination, the findings were air sac cystadenocarcinoma involving the humeral air sac with metastases in the spleen and kidneys, atherosclerosis, pneumoconiosis, and mycotic granulomatous pneumonia and airsacculitis with isolation of Aspergillus niger. PMID:23772455

  10. Laser Doppler flowmetry in photodynamic therapy on xenotransplanted tumors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vervoorts, Anja; Rood, H. A.; Moser, Joerg G.; Klotz, Marcus

    1996-05-01

    Perfusion of tumor tissue is a necessary prerequisite for radiotherapy and Photodynamic Tumor Therapy (PDT). For PDT perfusion means oxygen supply to a light activated photosensitizing drug inside tumor cells to destroy these cells specifically by light activated singlet oxygen. These experiments are normally done in rodents, but can be much more easily performed on tumors transplanted to the extraembryonal painfree vessels developed during chick embryogenesis. We chose the yolk sac membrane and the chorioallantoic membrane for quantitative blood flow measurements. Near infrared light (830 nm) was used for measurements in vascularized xenotransplanted tumors on the extraembryonal membranes because at this wavelength blood flow can be detected also in vessels covered by tumor cells. We measured the influences on blood flow of different photosensitizers with and without therapeutic irradiation and single components of a polyphasic PDT System.

  11. Bone tumors: Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Second edition

    SciTech Connect

    Huvos, A.G.

    1987-01-01

    This book presents treatment modalities of all skeletal neoplasms with special emphasis on clinicopathologic correlations and differential diagnosis. This describes the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features, plus interdisciplinary approaches to treatment for each tumor type and also covers benign and malignant bone-forming and cartilage-forming tumors, tumors of connective tissue origin, tumors of histoiocytic or fibrohistiocytic origin, and tumors and tumor-like lesions of blood vessels arising in the skeletal system.

  12. Tumeur du sac vitellin du testicule au stade IIIc métastatique : à propos d’un cas

    PubMed Central

    Zizi, Mohamed; Ziouziou, Imad; El Yacoubi, Souhail; Khmou, Mouna; Jahid, Ahmed; Mahassini, Najat; Karmouni, Tariq; El Khader, Khalid; Koutani, Abdellatif; Andaloussi, Ahmed Iben Attya

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Les tumeurs du sac vitellin du testicule sont rares chez l’adulte. Ces tumeurs se caractérisent par un mauvais pronostic à un stade métastatique avancé. Cependant, nous rapportons, dans le présent article, le cas clinique d’un adulte de 32 ans qui présentait une tumeur du sac vitellin du testicule au stade IIIc métastatique. Ce patient a subi une orchidectomie haute, accompagnée de quatre cycles de chimiothérapie à base de bléomycine, d’étoposide et de cisplatine. Il a répondu complètement au traitement, moyennant un recul de deux ans. PMID:25295144

  13. The ARISE Reconfigurable Instruction Set Extensions Framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nikolaos Vassiliadis; George Theodoridis; Spiridon Nikolaidis

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce the ARISE framework for the systematic extension of typical processors with the necessary infrastructure to support arbitrary number and type of reconfigurable hardware units. ARISE extends the micro- architecture of the processor with an interface to allow the coupling of the hardware units. Furthermore, the instruction set of the processor is extended with instructions which

  14. Anthocyanin and colour changes during processing of pomegranate ( Punica granatum L., cv. Hicaznar) juice from sacs and whole fruit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Özge Turfan; Meltem Türky?lmaz; Oktay Yemi?; Mehmet Özkan

    2011-01-01

    The effects of clarification and pasteurisation on anthocyanins (ACNs) and the colour of pomegranate juice (PJ) produced from sacs and whole fruits were investigated. Clarification caused a loss of 4% of ACNs in juice from sacs (JFS) and a loss of 19% in juice from whole fruit (JFWF). After pasteurisation, there was an 8–14% and 13–9% loss of ACNs from

  15. Automatic Segmentation of the Spinal Cord and the Dural Sac in Lumbar MR Images Using Gradient Vector Flow Field

    E-print Network

    Buffalo, State University of New York

    Automatic Segmentation of the Spinal Cord and the Dural Sac in Lumbar MR Images Using Gradient that extracts the spinal cord and the dural sac from T2- weighted sagittal magnetic resonance (MR) images Systems and be used daily for diagnostic examinations in many clinical settings [1]. The spinal cord

  16. Sac enlargement due to seroma after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with the Endologix PowerLink device.

    PubMed

    Nano, Giovanni; Dalainas, Ilias; Bianchi, Paolo G; Gotti, Riccardo; Casana, Renato; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico G

    2006-01-01

    A patient who had undergone endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with the Endologix PowerLink bifurcated system presented with delayed aortic aneurysm enlargement due to assumed endotension. He was treated with aortic sac evacuation and wrapping of the endograft. This is the first report of endotension and aneurysm sac enlargement after implantation of the PowerLink endograft. PMID:16414406

  17. Spinal tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    Tumor - spinal cord ... spinal tumors occur in the nerves of the spinal cord itself. Most often these are ependymomas and other ... gene mutations. Spinal tumors can occur: Inside the spinal cord (intramedullary) In the membranes (meninges) covering the spinal ...

  18. Wilms' Tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    Wilms' tumor is a rare type of kidney cancer. It causes a tumor on one or both kidneys. It usually affects ... are at risk should be screened for Wilms' tumor every three months until they turn eight. Symptoms ...

  19. The corn snake yolk sac becomes a solid tissue filled with blood vessels and yolk-rich endodermal cells

    PubMed Central

    Elinson, Richard P.; Stewart, James R.

    2014-01-01

    The amniote egg was a key innovation in vertebrate evolution because it supports an independent existence in terrestrial environments. The egg is provisioned with yolk, and development depends on the yolk sac for the mobilization of nutrients. We have examined the yolk sac of the corn snake Pantherophis guttatus by the dissection of living eggs. In contrast to the familiar fluid-filled sac of birds, the corn snake yolk sac invades the yolk mass to become a solid tissue. There is extensive proliferation of yolk-filled endodermal cells, which associate with a meshwork of blood vessels. These novel attributes of the yolk sac of corn snakes compared with birds suggest new pathways for the evolution of the amniote egg. PMID:24402715

  20. Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Tumors: Part I. Spectrum and Characteristics of Tumors.

    PubMed

    Dincer, Huseyin Erhan; Podgaetz, Eitan; Andrade, Rafael S

    2015-07-01

    Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors arise from Kulchitzky cells of the bronchial mucosa and include typical carcinoid, atypical carcinoid, large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, and small cell lung cancer. These tumors have a variable growth rate that determines their presentation and prognosis. Typical carcinoid has the lowest growth rate and better prognosis; in contrast, small cell lung cancer is an aggressive tumor with a very poor prognosis. Although there are some overlapping histologic features between these tumors, clinical, imaging, and immunohistochemical markers are useful in the differentiation of pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors. The treatment options differ on the basis of histologic characteristics. In this article, we aim to describe the spectrum of neuroendocrine tumors of the lung, except for small cell lung cancer, and their clinical, pathologic, and imaging findings, with a focus on treatment options. PMID:26165900

  1. Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma Arising in Struma Ovarii

    PubMed Central

    Khunamornpong, Surapan; Settakorn, Jongkolnee; Sukpan, Kornkanok; Suprasert, Prapaporn; Siriaunkgul, Sumalee

    2015-01-01

    Struma ovarii is an uncommon type of ovarian mature teratoma with a predominant thyroid component. The morphological spectrum of the thyroid tissue ranges from that of normal thyroid to proliferative adenoma-like lesions and thyroid-type carcinomas (malignant transformation). The histologic features of ovarian strumal lesions sometimes cause diagnostic problems due to the confusion with other types of ovarian neoplasms and the difficulty in the prediction of their clinical behavior. We report an extremely rare case of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma arising in struma ovarii. A 22-year-old woman presented with a 15?cm right ovarian mass. The tumor showed a predominantly tubular pattern which raised a differential diagnosis between endometrioid adenocarcinoma and Sertoli cell tumor. A review of the gross specimen with additional tissue sampling helped identify the teratomatous and strumal nature, with a support by immunohistochemical staining. Despite FIGO stage IA by optimal staging procedure and the absence of identifiable lymphovascular invasion, the patient developed pulmonary metastasis 15 months after surgery and died from the progression of the disease 7 years after the diagnosis. This case emphasizes the importance of macroscopic examination of the specimen and the awareness of this uncommon tumor in the differential diagnosis of ovarian neoplasms. PMID:26185700

  2. Cells of the connective tissue differentiate and migrate into pollen sacs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iqbal, M. C. M.; Wijesekara, Kolitha B.

    2002-01-01

    In angiosperms, archesporial cells in the anther primordium undergo meiosis to form haploid pollen, the sole occupants of anther sacs. Anther sacs are held together by a matrix of parenchyma cells, the connective tissue. Cells of the connective tissue are not known to differentiate. We report the differentiation of parenchyma cells in the connective tissue of two Gordonia species into pollen-like structures (described as pseudopollen), which migrate into the anther sacs before dehiscence. Pollen and pseudopollen were distinguishable by morphology and staining. Pollen were tricolpate to spherical while pseudopollen were less rigid and transparent with a ribbed surface. Both types were different in size, shape, staining and surface architecture. The ratio of the number of pseudopollen to pollen was 1:3. During ontogeny in the connective tissue, neither cell division nor tetrad formation was observed and hence pseudopollen were presumed to be diploid. Only normal pollen germinated on a germination medium. Fixed preparations in time seemed to indicate that pseudopollen migrate from the connective tissue into the anther sac.

  3. Successful sequential sac ligation for an unruptured giant omphalocele: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Shinohara, Tsuyoshi; Tsuda, Mineyuki

    2006-01-01

    A giant omphalocele is difficult to treat and various methods have been tried with varying results. We describe a technique of sequential sac ligation to achieve rapid and gentle reduction of the herniated abdominal contents, followed by delayed primary closure of the abdominal wall defect. PMID:16865514

  4. Defective histone supply causes condensin-dependent chromatin alterations, SAC activation and chromosome decatenation impairment.

    PubMed

    Murillo-Pineda, Marina; Cabello-Lobato, María J; Clemente-Ruiz, Marta; Monje-Casas, Fernando; Prado, Félix

    2014-11-10

    The structural organization of chromosomes is essential for their correct function and dynamics during the cell cycle. The assembly of DNA into chromatin provides the substrate for topoisomerases and condensins, which introduce the different levels of superhelical torsion required for DNA metabolism. In particular, Top2 and condensin are directly involved in both the resolution of precatenanes that form during replication and the formation of the intramolecular loop that detects tension at the centromeric chromatin during chromosome biorientation. Here we show that histone depletion activates the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) and impairs sister chromatid decatenation, leading to chromosome mis-segregation and lethality in the absence of the SAC. We demonstrate that histone depletion impairs chromosome biorientation and activates the Aurora-dependent pathway, which detects tension problems at the kinetochore. Interestingly, SAC activation is suppressed by the absence of Top2 and Smc2, an essential component of condensin. Indeed, smc2-8 suppresses catenanes accumulation, mitotic arrest and growth defects induced by histone depletion at semi-permissive temperature. Remarkably, SAC activation by histone depletion is associated with condensin-mediated alterations of the centromeric chromatin. Therefore, our results reveal the importance of a precise interplay between histone supply and condensin/Top2 for pericentric chromatin structure, precatenanes resolution and centromere biorientation. PMID:25300489

  5. An observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) for the aquarius/SAC-D soil moisture product

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    An Observing System Simulation Experiment for the Aquarius/SAC-D mission has been developed for assessing the accuracy of soil moisture retrievals from passive L-band remote sensing. The implementation of the OSSE is based on: a 1-km land surface model over the Red-Arkansas River Basin, a forward mi...

  6. Development of the Inverted Visceral Yolk Sac in Three Species of Caviids (Rodentia, Caviomorpha, Caviidae)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Miglino; A. L. R. Franciolli; M. F. de Oliveira; C. E. Ambrósio; M. Bonatelli; M. R. F. Machado; A. Mess

    2008-01-01

    Guinea pig related rodents possess numerous derived placental characters. We attempt to identify diversity within the visceral yolk sac and its association with the chorioallantoic placenta in three species of caviids, two of them possessing a capsule formed by the decidua that covers the chorioallantoic placenta. The results verify that in early pregnancy all three species have an inverted yolk

  7. Vol. 3, No. 11 Special issue: OOPS track at SAC 2004, Nicosia/Cyprus

    E-print Network

    Cazzola, Walter

    for example [15,3]) stressed the relevance of reflection, reflective behavior and meta-level architectures- tures, ­ that is, two of the most used programming architectures ­ are intrinsically reflective [12Vol. 3, No. 11 Special issue: OOPS track at SAC 2004, Nicosia/Cyprus SmartReflection: Efficient

  8. The South China Sea, a cul-de-sac of North Pacific Intermediate Water

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuzhu You; Ching-Sheng Chern; Yih Yang; Cho-Teng Liu; Kon-Kee Liu; Su-Cheng Pai

    2005-01-01

    This study discusses branching of the Kuroshio Current including North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW) into the South China Sea (SCS). The spreading path of the subtropical salinity minimum of NPIW is southwestward pointing to the Luzon Strait between Taiwan and Luzon islands. Using a large collection of updated hydrography, results show that the SCS is a cul-de-sac for the subtropical

  9. Regulation of ascorbic acid metabolism by blue LED light irradiation in citrus juice sacs.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lancui; Ma, Gang; Yamawaki, Kazuki; Ikoma, Yoshinori; Matsumoto, Hikaru; Yoshioka, Terutaka; Ohta, Satoshi; Kato, Masaya

    2015-04-01

    In the present study, the effects of red and blue LED lights on the accumulation of ascorbic acid (AsA) were investigated in the juice sacs of three citrus varieties, Satsuma mandarin, Valencia orange, and Lisbon lemon. The results showed that the blue LED light treatment effectively increased the AsA content in the juice sacs of the three citrus varieties, whereas the red LED light treatment did not. By increasing the blue LED light intensity, the juice sacs of the three citrus varieties accumulated more AsA. Moreover, continuous irradiation with blue LED light was more effective than pulsed irradiation for increasing the AsA content in the juice sacs of the three citrus varieties. Gene expression results showed that the modulation of AsA accumulation by blue LED light was highly regulated at the transcription level. The up-regulation of AsA biosynthetic genes (CitVTC1, CitVTC2, CitVTC4, and CitGLDH), AsA regeneration genes (CitMDAR1, CitMDAR2, and CitDHAR) and two GSH-producing genes (CitGR and CitchGR) contributed to these increases in the AsA content in the three citrus varieties. PMID:25711821

  10. First Description of Egg Sacs and Early Larval Development in Hynobiid Salamanders (Urodela, Hynobiidae, Batrachuperus)

    E-print Network

    Alvarez, Nadir

    First Description of Egg Sacs and Early Larval Development in Hynobiid Salamanders (Urodela embryonic development of an Iranian hynobiid salamander (the Eastern nominal taxon, Batrachuperus gor salamander, Batrachuperus persicus Eiselt and Steiner, 1970, was based on larvae collected from the western

  11. Deafness due to bilateral endolymphatic sac tumours in a case of von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G Kempermann; H P Neumann; R Scheremet; B Volk; W Mann; J Gilsbach; R Laszig

    1996-01-01

    A case of bilateral endolymphatic sac tumours is reported. In a patient with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, tumour growth in the right cerebellopontine angle caused deafness. The tumour was removed and classified as a metastasis from a thyroid carcinoma. However, on thyroidectomy no primary neoplasm could be found. Eight years later a similar tumour was operated on in the left petrosal

  12. Laparoscopic Treatment of Acute Ovarian Incarceration into the Pelvic Peritoneal Sac

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Kataoka; Rika Egami; Yuki Izumi; Yoko Yamada; Katsuko Egashira; Akiko Miyahara; Masao Fukuhara; Yoshitsugu Watanabe; Gen-ishi Nakamura

    2009-01-01

    Pelvic pain is a common symptom in women of reproductive age. Acute pelvic pain with rapid onset demands prompt diagnosis and treatment. We report the case of a patient with ovarian incarceration of acute onset. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ovarian incarceration into the pelvic peritoneal sac in a woman of reproductive age. In the present

  13. 2 CFR Appendix X to Part 200 - Data Collection Form (Form SF-SAC)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Data Collection Form (Form SF-SAC) X Appendix X to Part 200 Grants and Agreements Office of Management...AUDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL AWARDS Pt. 200, App. X Appendix X to Part 200—Data Collection Form (Form...

  14. 13th ISTC SAC Seminar "New Perspectives of High Energy Physics"

    E-print Network

    for ATLAS construction approved 1998: ISTC project #441 2000: Assembly of Barrel modules and end-cap wheels.Smirnov/NRNU "MEPhI" 13th ISTC SAC Seminar 4 TRT Barrel: · 3 module types in R * 32 modules · 1.44 m long straws-1998: Major Technical Design Reports for ATLAS construction approved 1998: ISTC project #441 2000: Assembly

  15. Penguin lungs and air sacs: implications for baroprotection, oxygen stores and buoyancy.

    PubMed

    Ponganis, P J; St Leger, J; Scadeng, M

    2015-03-01

    The anatomy and volume of the penguin respiratory system contribute significantly to pulmonary baroprotection, the body O2 store, buoyancy and hence the overall diving physiology of penguins. Therefore, three-dimensional reconstructions from computerized tomographic (CT) scans of live penguins were utilized to measure lung volumes, air sac volumes, tracheobronchial volumes and total body volumes at different inflation pressures in three species with different dive capacities [Adélie (Pygoscelis adeliae), king (Aptenodytes patagonicus) and emperor (A. forsteri) penguins]. Lung volumes scaled to body mass according to published avian allometrics. Air sac volumes at 30?cm H2O (2.94?kPa) inflation pressure, the assumed maximum volume possible prior to deep dives, were two to three times allometric air sac predictions and also two to three times previously determined end-of-dive total air volumes. Although it is unknown whether penguins inhale to such high volumes prior to dives, these values were supported by (a) body density/buoyancy calculations, (b) prior air volume measurements in free-diving ducks and (c) previous suggestions that penguins may exhale air prior to the final portions of deep dives. Based upon air capillary volumes, parabronchial volumes and tracheobronchial volumes estimated from the measured lung/airway volumes and the only available morphometry study of a penguin lung, the presumed maximum air sac volumes resulted in air sac volume to air capillary/parabronchial/tracheobronchial volume ratios that were not large enough to prevent barotrauma to the non-collapsing, rigid air capillaries during the deepest dives of all three species, and during many routine dives of king and emperor penguins. We conclude that volume reduction of airways and lung air spaces, via compression, constriction or blood engorgement, must occur to provide pulmonary baroprotection at depth. It is also possible that relative air capillary and parabronchial volumes are smaller in these deeper-diving species than in the spheniscid penguin of the morphometry study. If penguins do inhale to this maximum air sac volume prior to their deepest dives, the magnitude and distribution of the body O2 store would change considerably. In emperor penguins, total body O2 would increase by 75%, and the respiratory fraction would increase from 33% to 61%. We emphasize that the maximum pre-dive respiratory air volume is still unknown in penguins. However, even lesser increases in air sac volume prior to a dive would still significantly increase the O2 store. More refined evaluations of the respiratory O2 store and baroprotective mechanisms in penguins await further investigation of species-specific lung morphometry, start-of-dive air volumes and body buoyancy, and the possibility of air exhalation during dives. PMID:25740902

  16. Giant ovarian tumor presenting as an incarcerated umbilical hernia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Karabulut, Zülfikar; Aydin, Ozgür; Onur, Erdal; Celik, Nilufer Yi?it; Moray, Gökhan

    2009-06-01

    We report a rare case of a giant ovarian tumor presenting as an incarcerated umbilical hernia. A 61-yr-old woman was admitted to the hospital with severe abdominal pain, an umbilical mass, nausea and vomiting. On examination, a large, irreducible umbilical hernia was found. The woman underwent an urgent operation for a possible strangulated hernia. A large, multilocular tumor was found. The tumor was excised, and a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salphingo-oophorectomy were performed. The woman was discharged 6 days after her admission. This is the first report of incarcerated umbilical hernia containing a giant ovarian tumor within the sac. PMID:19543424

  17. Complete Surgical Resection of a Leiomyosarcoma Arising from the Inferior Vena Cava

    PubMed Central

    Sonoda, Hirofumi; Minamimura, Keisuke; Endo, Yuhei; Irie, Shoichi; Hirata, Toru; Kobayashi, Takashi; Mafune, Ken-ichi; Mori, Masaya

    2015-01-01

    A 76-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital with chief complaint of right hypochondoralgia. Abdominal ultrasound showed a retroperitoneal tumor in the suprarenal region of the right kidney. Computed tomography revealed an enhanced lobular tumor with irregular, circumscribed, and indistinct border. Ultrasound-guided biopsy was performed. The tumor consisted of spindle-shaped cells with a giant nucleus and multinuclear cells. The diagnosis was leiomyosarcoma by immunohistochemical staining. The patient underwent surgery accessed by a right eighth intercostal thoracoabdominal incision. The tumor was completely resected, accompanied by removal of the posterosuperior segment of the right hepatic lobe, right adrenal gland, and a portion of the inferior vena cava (IVC). The histopathologic diagnosis was leiomyosarcoma arising from the IVC. We present a rare case of a successfully managed leiomyosarcoma of the IVC. This case suggests the importance of curative surgical resection of the tumor due to low efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy for leiomyosarcoma. PMID:26167180

  18. A case of clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the rectum treated by laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Okazawa, Yu; Takahashi, Rina; Mizukoshi, Kosuke; Takehara, Kazuhiro; Ishiyama, Shun; Sugimoto, Kiichi; Takahashi, Makoto; Kojima, Yutaka; Goto, Michitoshi; Okuzawa, Atsushi; Tomiki, Yuichi; Yao, Takashi; Sakamoto, Kazuhiro

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Malignant transformation of intestinal endometriosis occurring in the extraovarian sites is extremely rare. We report a very rare case of clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the rectum. PRESENTATION OF CASE An 83-year-old woman was admitted with the complaint of hematochezia. Colonoscopy revealed a tumor around about half of the rectal circumference. Biopsy of the tumor revealed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. Low anterior resection was undergone laparoscopically under the diagnosis of rectal carcinoma. Histopathological examination revealed clear cell adenocarcinoma, invading the sub-serosa of the rectum, but no metastasis of the lymph nodes. Immunohistochemical staining showed strong positivity for cytokeratin 7, but no staining for cytokeratin 20 and CDX2. The tumor existed adjacent to the endometrial glands, which were stained positive for Estrogen receptor. Ultimately, the patient was diagnosed with clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis. Eighteen months after surgery, there are no signs of tumor recurrence. DISCUSSION Clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from intestinal endometriosis has been reported in 7 cases, including our case. Careful observation is required because the prognosis of endometriosis after malignant transformation remains poor. CONCLUSION We report a very rare case of clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the rectum treated by laparoscopic surgery. PMID:25460452

  19. Could BRAF Mutations in Melanocytic Lesions Arise from DNA Damage Induced by Ultraviolet Radiation?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy E Thomas; Marianne Berwick; Marila Cordeiro-Stone

    2006-01-01

    Although BRAF V600 mutations in melanocytic tumors are not UV-signature mutations, it is plausible that they could still arise from error-prone replication of UV-damaged DNA. We propose a mechanism for their origin, taking into consideration melanocytic-specific BRAF tandem mutations, nearby potential pyrimidine dimer sites, the properties of specialized DNA polymerases, and biological selection.

  20. Malignant glomus tumor in pleural cavity

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Feng; Yang, Mei; Pu, Qiang; Ma, Lin; Liu, Chengwu; Mei, Jiandong; Guo, Chenglin

    2015-01-01

    Glomus tumors, an uncommon hypervascular tumor, arise from modified smooth muscle cells of the glomus body that plays a significant role in the regulation of skin circulation. The tumors are usually located in the extremities, typically in the subungual region of the fingers. Primary glomus tumors of the chest are extremely rare, and to our knowledge, there are no cases have been described in thoracic cavity to date. We here report a case of intrathoracic glomus tumor in a 31-year-old man who presented with a persistent chest pain. Chest computed tomography scans demonstrated an irregularly shaped mass in the left thorax. Left thoracotomy was performed under the suspicious diagnosis of unexplained thorax tumor, and a tumor located in the left upper portion of thorax was founded. Complete resection of tumor along with the partial structure of chest wall was performed. Postoperative diagnosis was malignant glomus tumor.

  1. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans arising at a Rho(D) immune globulin injection site.

    PubMed

    Hirano, Stefanie A; Torosky, Cyndi M

    2012-11-01

    Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare soft tissue tumor arising in the dermis. It is notorious for high rates of local recurrence despite its low metastatic potential. Although the etiology is unknown, DFSP often is considered to arise within scars and at sites of prior vaccination or trauma. Clinically, DFSP can be highly variable and mimic other soft tissue proliferations. We present a case of recurrent DFSP arising at the site of a Rho(D) immune globulin (Rhlg) injection that was administered 7 years prior. We also discuss the diagnostic challenges of DFSP as well as the indolent and locally recurrent nature of the tumor. This case serves to remind dermatologists of the highly variable clinical appearance of DFSP as well as to warn against presumptive diagnoses of lesions that mimic keloids and hypertrophic scars. PMID:23270191

  2. Carcinoid tumors.

    PubMed

    Robertson, Russell G; Geiger, William J; Davis, Nancy B

    2006-08-01

    Carcinoid tumors are rare, slow-growing neuroendocrine neoplasms that often are indolent and may not become clinically apparent until there has been metastatic spread or evidence of carcinoid syndrome. Recent evidence has revealed that the overall incidence of carcinoid tumors has been steadily increasing, and although the disease was thought to be relatively benign, it is now considered one of increasing malignancy. Carcinoid tumors derive from different embryonic divisions of the gut: foregut carcinoid tumors commonly originate in the lungs, bronchi, or stomach; midgut carcinoid tumors in the small intestine, appendix, or proximal large bowel; and hindgut carcinoid tumors in the distal colon or rectum. Carcinoid syndrome, although rare, is most associated with midgut carcinoid tumors. The diagnosis of a carcinoid tumor often is coincidental with surgery performed for another reason. Treatment and prognosis are dependent on the location of the primary tumor and the degree and extent of metastasis at the time of diagnosis. PMID:16913162

  3. Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma Arising from Abdominal Wall Endometriosis

    PubMed Central

    Achach, Thouraya; Rammeh, Soumaya; Trabelsi, Amel; Ltaief, Rached; Ben Abdelkrim, Soumaya; Mokni, Moncef; Korbi, Sadok

    2008-01-01

    Endometriosis is a frequent benign disorder. Malignancy arising in extraovarian endometriosis is a rare event. A 49-year-old woman is presented with a large painful abdominal wall mass. She underwent a myomectomy, 20 years before, for uterus leiomyoma. Computed tomography suggested that this was a desmoid tumor and she underwent surgery. Histological examination showed a clear cell adenocarcinoma associated with endometriosis foci. Pelvic ultrasound, computed tomography, and endometrial curettage did not show any malignancy or endometriosis in the uterus and ovaries. Adjuvant chemotherapy was recommended, but the patient was lost to follow up. Six months later, she returned with a recurrence of the abdominal wall mass. She was given chemotherapy and then she was reoperated. PMID:19266089

  4. Adenolipoma of the Skin Arising at Neck Region

    PubMed Central

    Song, Yoon Sang

    2012-01-01

    We report here a case of adenolipoma of the skin, an unusual variant of lipoma, arising on the neck. A 56-year-old man visited our hospital due to an anterior neck mass. An excisional biopsy was performed. The mass revealed a tan-yellow soft cut surface. We could not find any difference from other lipoma on gross inspection. Microscopically, the mass showed proliferation of mature adipocytes admixed with several eccrine units. The eccrine units were demonstrated by periodic acid-Schiff-positive granules in the secretory portions and by positivity of smooth muscle actin in the myoepithelial cells surrounding the eccrine glands. The tumor was completely excised, and the patient has been followed up without any evidence of recurrence so far. PMID:23323111

  5. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: a review.

    PubMed

    Young, Kate; Iyer, Ridhima; Morganstein, Daniel; Chau, Ian; Cunningham, David; Starling, Naureen

    2015-03-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a rare and heterogeneous group of tumors with widely varying morphologies and behaviors. Due to their rarity and heterogeneity, progress in improving their treatment has been slow. However, in recent years there have been advances both in their characterization and in the available treatment options. This review will attempt to address these, with particular reference to pancreatic NETs. Pancreatic NETs are a subset of NETs, previously known as islet cell tumors, which appear to be a distinct biological entity, responding differently to systemic treatments compared with NETs arising elsewhere in the GI tract. PMID:25757686

  6. Primary peritoneal malignant mixed mesodermal (Müllerian) tumor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahmoud R Hussein; Saad Rezk Abudlwahed Hussein; Ahmad Rezk Abd-Elwahed

    Aims and background. Malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMT) is a biphasic neoplasm (carcinosarcoma) composed of both epithelial and mesenchymal ele - ments. Extragenital MMMT, including primary peritoneal MMMT, is an extremely rare tumor with features consistent with its origin from the secondary Müllerian sys - tem. The neoplastic elements of extragenital MMMT presumably arise directly from themesotheliumorsubmesothelialstromaandhenceparallelthebiphasicpatternof the genital (uterine

  7. Papillary neoplasm of the endolymphatic sac in a patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease.

    PubMed Central

    Delisle, M B; Uro, E; Rouquette, I; Yardeni, E; Rumeau, J L

    1994-01-01

    Glandular tumours involving the middle ear and the mastoid are rare, and distinguishing between adenoma and adenocarcinoma is difficult. Two distinct histopathological patterns are accepted. While their clinical presentation differs, both require primary surgical treatment and both have a high rate of local recurrence. The papillary form takes a more aggressive course and wider regional spread. This pattern occurs predominantly in women. Its microscopic appearance and clinical course have been extensively described by Heffner who considered it as "low-grade adenocarcinoma of probable endolymphatic sac origin". A few cases have been associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease. The case of a 32 year old black woman is described. It is suggested that papillary adenocarcinoma of the endolymphatic sac should be considered in the spectrum of neoplasms seen in von Hippel-Lindau disease. Images PMID:7962613

  8. Multi-level security for computer networking: SAC digital network approach

    SciTech Connect

    Griess, W.; Poutre, D.L.

    1983-10-01

    For telecommunications systems simultaneously handling data of different security levels, multilevel secure (MLS) operation permits maximum use of resources by automatically providing protection to users with various clearances and needs-to-know. The strategic air command (SAC) is upgrading the primary record data system used to command and control its strategic forces. The upgrade, called the SAC Digital Network (SACDIN), is designed to provide multilevel security to support users and external interfaces, with allowed accesses ranging from unclassified to top secret. SACDIN implements a security kernel based upon the Bell and Lapadula security model. This study presents an overview of the SACDIN security architecture and describes the basic message flow across the MLS network. 7 references.

  9. Carcinoid Tumors

    MedlinePLUS

    Carcinoid tumors are rare, slow-growing cancers. They usually start in the lining of the digestive tract or ... trouble breathing. Surgery is the main treatment for carcinoid tumors. If they haven't spread to other parts ...

  10. Pituitary Tumors

    MedlinePLUS

    ... medical institutions across the country. Much of this research focuses on finding better ways to prevent, treat, and ultimately cure pituitary tumors. NIH Patient Recruitment for Pituitary Tumors Clinical Trials At NIH Clinical Center Throughout the U.S. ...

  11. Solutes in Maternal Circulation and Gestational Sac Compartments during Early Human Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joaquin Santolaya-Forgas; Juan De Leon-Luis; Jimmy Espinoza; Luis F. Gonçalves; Roberto Romero

    2006-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to review previous work reporting the concentration of solutes measured in maternal circulation, extra-embryonic celomic fluid, and amniotic fluid, to gain insights into the mechanism that could lead to compartmentalization of fluid and solutes within the gestational sac prior to the 12th week of pregnancy. Methods: We conducted a Medline and PubMed literature

  12. The internal vertebral venous plexus prevents compression of the dural sac during atlanto-axial rotation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. M. Reesink; J. T. Wilmink; H. Kingma; L. M. A. Lataster; H. van Mameren

    2001-01-01

    Deformation of the extradural space and the possibility of impression upon the dural sac during atlanto-axial rotation are\\u000a investigated. Atlanto-axial rotation leads to a reduction in the cross-sectional area of the bony spinal canal of approximately\\u000a 40 %. Atlanto-axial rotation was recorded by endocanalar views from a video camera fixed inside the skull of six unembalmed\\u000a cadavers. Axial thin-section T1-weighted

  13. Comparative study on stress–strain hysteresis response of SAC solder joints under thermal cycles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alireza Shirazi; Ahmad Varvani-Farahani; Hua Lu

    2008-01-01

    The present study attempts to evaluate the stress-strain hysteresis responses of SAC solder joints in Resistor and FleXBGA144\\u000a packages subjected to thermal cyclic loading using several constitutive models. The total deformation of the solder material\\u000a consists of elastic, rate-independent plastic and rate-dependent creep components. The constitutive models discussed in this\\u000a study each weighted elastic, plastic and creep deformations differently. At

  14. The effects of SAC alloy composition on aging resistance and reliability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yifei Zhang; Zijie Cai; Jeffrey C. Suhling; Pradeep Lall; Michael J. Bozack

    2009-01-01

    The microstructure, mechanical response, and failure behavior of lead free solder joints in electronic assemblies are constantly evolving when exposed to isothermal aging and\\/or thermal cycling environments. In our prior work on aging effects, we have demonstrated that the observed material behavior variations of Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC) lead free solders during room temperature aging (25degC) and elevated temperature aging (125degC) were

  15. The influence of aging on the stress-strain and creep behavior of SAC solder alloys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yifei Zhang; Zijie Cai; Muhannad Mustafa; Jeffrey C. Suhling; Pradeep Lall; Michael J. Bozack

    2010-01-01

    The microstructure, mechanical response, and failure behavior of lead free solder joints in electronic assemblies are constantly evolving when exposed to isothermal aging and\\/or thermal cycling environments. In our prior work on aging effects, we have demonstrated that the observed material behavior variations of Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC) lead free solders during room temperature aging (25°C) and elevated temperature aging (125°C) were

  16. Harmonic and Random Vibration Durability of SAC305 and Sn37Pb Solder Alloys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. Zhou; M. Al-Bassyiouni; A. Dasgupta

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, durability tests were conducted on both SAC305 and Sn37Pb solder interconnects using both harmonic and random vibration. The test specimens consist of daisy-chained printed wiring boards (PWBs) with several different surface-mount component styles. Modal testing was first conducted on a test PWB to determine the natural frequencies and mode shapes. The PWB was then subjected to narrow-band

  17. Macrofauna community inside and outside of the Darwin Mounds SAC, NE Atlantic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Serpetti, N.; Gontikaki, E.; Narayanaswamy, B. E.; Witte, U.

    2012-11-01

    Over the past two decades, growing concerns have been raised regarding the effects of towed fishing gears, such as trawls and dredges, on deep-sea biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Trawling disturbs the benthic communities both physically and biologically, and can eliminate the most vulnerable organisms and modify habitat structure; chronically disturbed communities are often dominated by opportunistic species. The European Union is under obligation to designate a network of offshore Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) and Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) by the end of 2012 based on the perceived expectation that these networks will help protect marine biodiversity and that within these areas, faunal abundance and diversity will be higher than the surrounding fished areas. The Darwin Mounds, only discovered in 1998, are located in the Rockall Trough, NE Atlantic at a depth of ~ 1000 m. Deep-water trawling regularly took place in the region of the Darwin Mounds; however in 2004 the mounds were designated as the first offshore SAC in UK and the area is now closed to bottom trawling. As part of the HERMIONE programme the influence of human impact on the Oceans was one of the key themes and in June 2011, an investigation of the macrofaunal community structure at comparable sites both inside and outside of the Darwin Mound SAC was undertaken. Macrofaunal communities were found to differ significantly, with the difference mostly driven by changes in the abundance of polychaetes, crustaceans and nematodes whilst no significant differences were seen for the other phyla. Whereas overall macrofaunal abundance was higher outside the SAC compared to within, this pattern varies considerably between phyla. Diversity indices showed no significant differences between protected and unprotected sites. This could indicate that a few years of preservation are not enough time to determine a recovery by the macrofaunal community of cold-water ecosystems and that a continued monitoring over a longer term is necessary to fully understand the impact of fishery closures.

  18. Molecular markers of yolk sac fry development in nine families of lake trout.

    PubMed

    Vuori, Kristiina A; Paavilainen, Tiia; Nikinmaa, Mikko; Czesny, Sergiusz; Rinchard, Jacques

    2009-12-01

    Salmonids in certain areas of North America and northern Europe suffer from reproductive disturbances manifested through the death of yolk sac fry. These disturbances are referred to as early mortality syndrome (EMS) in the Great Lakes region and M74 in the Baltic Sea. Both of these syndromes have been associated with reduced concentrations of thiamine in affected females and their eggs. However, large variations in signs and mortality, both within and between the individual syndromes, have been reported. Yolk sac fry mortality (M74) in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar has been shown to be associated with reduced DNA binding of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1 (HIF-1), reduced production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein, decreased capillary density, and down-regulation of adult-type globin gene transcription (which is responsible for the protein part of adult hemoglobin). One of the main effects of all of these changes is reduced oxygen transport to the tissues of affected fry. In this study, the developmental patterns of HIF-1 DNA binding, VEGF protein expression, and adult-type globin gene transcription were analyzed in nine family groups of Lake Michigan lake trout Salvelinus namaycush. The results indicate that HIF-1 DNA binding and globin gene transcription increase from hatch to the end of yolk sac stage. Interindividual and between-family biological variations were detected, especially in VEGF protein expression and globin gene transcription. Our results demonstrate the possibility of using these molecular markers in investigating the etiology of EMS and making comparisons between the mechanisms of different salmonid yolk sac fry mortalities. PMID:20218502

  19. Altered fructan accumulation in transgenic Lolium multiflorum plants expressing a Bacillus subtilis sacB gene

    Microsoft Academic Search

    X. Ye; X. Wu; H. Zhao; M. Frehner; J. Nösberger; I. Potrykus; G. Spangenberg

    2001-01-01

    Ryegrasses, like many C3 plants, accumulate fructan, which plays an important role in assimilate partitioning, as the major non-structural storage carbohydrate. The present study describes the transformation of a Bacillus subtilis sacB gene, with vacuolar targeting signal sequences and driven by constitutive promoters, into Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) by microprojectile bombardment of embryogenic suspension cells. The expression of the

  20. KNApSAcK Metabolite Activity Database for retrieving the relationships between metabolites and biological activities.

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Yukiko; Afendi, Farit Mochamad; Parvin, Aziza Kawsar; Ono, Naoaki; Tanaka, Ken; Hirai Morita, Aki; Sato, Tetsuo; Sugiura, Tadao; Altaf-Ul-Amin, Md; Kanaya, Shigehiko

    2014-01-01

    Databases (DBs) are required by various omics fields because the volume of molecular biology data is increasing rapidly. In this study, we provide instructions for users and describe the current status of our metabolite activity DB. To facilitate a comprehensive understanding of the interactions between the metabolites of organisms and the chemical-level contribution of metabolites to human health, we constructed a metabolite activity DB known as the KNApSAcK Metabolite Activity DB. It comprises 9,584 triplet relationships (metabolite-biological activity-target species), including 2,356 metabolites, 140 activity categories, 2,963 specific descriptions of biological activities and 778 target species. Approximately 46% of the activities described in the DB are related to chemical ecology, most of which are attributed to antimicrobial agents and plant growth regulators. The majority of the metabolites with antimicrobial activities are flavonoids and phenylpropanoids. The metabolites with plant growth regulatory effects include plant hormones. Over half of the DB contents are related to human health care and medicine. The five largest groups are toxins, anticancer agents, nervous system agents, cardiovascular agents and non-therapeutic agents, such as flavors and fragrances. The KNApSAcK Metabolite Activity DB is integrated within the KNApSAcK Family DBs to facilitate further systematized research in various omics fields, especially metabolomics, nutrigenomics and foodomics. The KNApSAcK Metabolite Activity DB could also be utilized for developing novel drugs and materials, as well as for identifying viable drug resources and other useful compounds. PMID:24285751

  1. AUTORADIOGRAPHIC STUDY OF SUGAR AND AMINO ACID ABSORPTION BY EVERTED SACS OF HAMSTER INTESTINE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WILLIAM B. KINTER; T. HASTINGS WILSON

    1965-01-01

    Autoradiographs were prepared from frozen sections of evcrted sacs of hamster jejunum which had been incubated in vitro with C 14- or H~-labcled sugars and amino acids. When such tissue was incubated in 1 mM solutions of L-valine or L-methionine, columnar absorp- tivc cells at tips of villi accumulated these amino acids to conccntrations ranging from 5 to 50 millimoles

  2. Reduction of lead free solder aging effects using doped SAC alloys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zijie Cai; Yifei Zhang; Jeffrey C. Suhling; Pradeep Lall; R. Wayne Johnson; Michael J. Bozack

    2010-01-01

    The microstructure, mechanical response, and failure behavior of lead free solder joints in electronic assemblies are constantly evolving when exposed to isothermal aging and\\/or thermal cycling environments. In our prior work on aging effects, we have demonstrated that large degradations occur in the material properties (stiffness and strength) and creep behavior of Sn-Ag-Cu (SAC) lead free solders during aging. These

  3. New insights into the functional roles of reactive oxygen species during embryo sac development and fertilization in Arabidopsis thaliana.

    PubMed

    Martin, María Victoria; Distéfano, Ayelén Mariana; Zabaleta, Eduardo Julián; Pagnussat, Gabriela Carolina

    2013-10-01

    Previously considered as toxic by-products of aerobic metabolism, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are emerging as essential signaling molecules in eukaryotes. Recent evidence showed that maintenance of ROS homeostasis during female gametophyte development is crucial for embryo sac patterning and fertilization. Although ROS are exclusively detected in the central cell of mature embryo sacs, the study of mutants deficient in ROS homeostasis suggests that controlled oxidative bursts might take place earlier during gametophyte development. Also, a ROS burst that depends on pollination takes place inside the embryo sac. This oxidative response might be required for pollen tube growth arrest and for sperm cell release. In this mini-review, we will focus on new insights into the role of ROS during female gametophyte development and fertilization. Special focus will be made on the mitochondrial Mn-Superoxide dismutase (MSD1), which has been recently reported to be essential for maintaining ROS homeostasis during embryo sac formation. PMID:23887494

  4. ARISE: American renaissance in science education

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-09-14

    The national standards and state derivatives must be reinforced by models of curricular reform. In this paper, ARISE presents one model based on a set of principles--coherence, integration of the sciences, movement from concrete ideas to abstract ones, inquiry, connection and application, sequencing that is responsive to how people learn.

  5. Squamous cell carcinoma arising in CHILD syndrome.

    PubMed

    Jacyk, W K; La Cock, A

    2006-03-01

    Congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform naevus and limb defects (CHILD) syndrome is a rare X-linked dominant disorder. The first case of squamous cell carcinoma arising within the affected ichthyosiform skin in a 33-year-old woman is reported. PMID:16503894

  6. Evaluation of Refractivity Profiles from CHAMP and SAC-C GPS Radio Occultation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Poli, Paul; Ao, Chi On; Joiner, Joanna; delaTorreJuarez, Manuel; Hoff, Raymond

    2002-01-01

    The GeoForschungsZentrum's Challenging Minisatellite Payload for Geophysical Research and Application (CHAMP, Germany-US) and the Comision Nacional de Actividades Especiales' Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-C (SAC-C, Argentina-US) missions are the first missions to carry a second-generation Blackjack Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver. One of the new features of this receiver is its ability to sense the lower troposphere closer to the surface than the proof-of-concept GPS Meteorology experiment (GPS/MET). Since their launch, CHAMP and SAC-C have collected thousands of GPS radio occultations, representing a wealth of measurements available for data assimilation and Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP). In order to evaluate the refractivity data derived by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) from raw radio occultation measurements, we use Data Assimilation Office (DAO) 6-hour forecasts as an independent state of the atmosphere. We compare CHAMP and SAC-C refractivity (processed by JPL) with refractivity calculated from the DAO global fields of temperature, water vapor content and humidity. We show statistics of the differences as well as histograms of the differences.

  7. Intercalibration of the magnetometers on SAC-C with those on CHAMP and Oersted

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Purucker, M.

    2003-04-01

    The scalar (SHM) and vector (CSC) magnetometers on SAC-C are undergoing calibration. As part of this process, the SAC-C magnetometer outputs were compared to their counterparts on CHAMP and Oersted during close encounters of the satellites. The premise is that during close encounters, the ionospheric and magnetospheric fields seen by the spacecraft will be similar. Four close encounters were selected: 21 May 2001, 29 December 2001, 15 June 2002, and 21 October 2002. The December and June encounters were co-rotating encounters; during May and October the encounters were counter-rotating. The May and June close encounters occurred on magnetically quiet days, the October encounter on a relatively quiet day, and the December encounter occured in the midst of an active geomagnetic period, with a sudden storm commencement occuring in the middle of the encounter. The analysis was preceded by the removal of a main field model consisting of internal components only. The difference between the field measured by the SHM magnetometer on SAC-C, and the Overhauser magnetometers on CHAMP and Oersted is, on average, 1-2 nT, and probably reflects spacecraft fields. Larger differences are seen closer to the spacecraft, at the location of the CSC magnetometer.

  8. Characterization of calcium carbonate crystals in pigeon yolk sacs with different incubation times.

    PubMed

    Song, Juan; Cheng, Haixia; Shen, Xinyu; Hu, Jingxiao; Tong, Hua

    2014-05-01

    Calcium carbonate crystals are known to form in the yolk sacs of fertile pigeon eggs at late stages of incubation. The composition and structure of these crystals were investigated, the crystallization environment was inspected, and the physical chemistry constants of the yolk fluid were determined through the incubation period. Polarized light microscopy was used to observe the generation and distribution of calcium carbonate crystals in the yolk sac. In addition, X-ray diffraction was employed to analyze the composition and crystal phase of the yolk sac. A decalcification and deproteination method was established to analyze the ultrastructure and composition of the crystals, as well as the internal relationship between inorganic and organic phases of the crystals. Additionally, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to evaluate the characteristics of the crystals. Our results demonstrated that the calcium carbonate crystals were mainly composed of vaterite and calcite, with vaterite being the major component. Vaterite, a type of biomaterial generated by an organic template control, presented as a concentric hierarchical spherical structure. The organic nature of the biomaterial prevented vaterite from transforming into calcite, which is more thermodynamically stable than vaterite. Additionally, the configuration, size, and aggregation of vaterite were also mediated by the organic template. This bio-vaterite was found during the incubation period and is valuable in calcium transport during embryonic development. PMID:24602270

  9. Pathological, immunohistochemical and microbiologicalal analysis of lacrimal sac biopsies in patients with chronic dacrocystitis

    PubMed Central

    Amin, Rowayda Mahmoud; Hussein, Faten Aly; Idriss, Hisham Farouk; Hanafy, Nesrine Fathy; Abdallah, Dina Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    AIM To analyze cases of obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct which creates a fertile environment for secondary bacterial infection and can result in dacryocystitis, which is a constant threat to cornea and orbital soft tissue and a potential source of endophthalmitis following intraocular surgery. The majority of obstructions of the lacrimal excretory outflow system are acquired ones occurring in adulthood and involving the distal parts of the system. Acquired obstruction may be primary/idiopathic or secondary to a wide variety of infectious, inflammatory, traumatic, mechanical, toxic or neoplastic causes mimicking idiopathic inflammation. These cases are treated by dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). METHODS The present study was conducted to determine the histopathologic, immunohistochemical and current microbiologic characteristics of lacrimal sac specimens in patients undergoing external dacryocystorhinostomy. RESULTS Non-specific lacrimal sac pathology was present in all 33 cases and 81.8% of the cases showed moderate chronic inflammation with a chronic inflammatory score (CIS) ranging between 4 and 6, whereas 12.12% showed severe inflammatory changes with a CIS of 7. Mild degree of inflammation was seen in 6.06% with a CIS of 3. The total prevalence of gram-positive, gram-negative, and culture-negative samples were 59.4%, 37.5%, and 3% respectively. CONCLUSION Non-specific chronic inflammation with fibrosis is indeed the most commonly reported histopathological finding in lacrimal sac wall biopsy specimens. PMID:24392331

  10. A rare combination of sebaceoma with carcinomatous change (sebaceous carcinoma), trichoblastoma, and poroma arising from a nevus sebaceus.

    PubMed

    Wang, Etienne; Lee, Joyce Siong-See; Kazakov, Dmitry V

    2013-07-01

    We report a case of a 48-year-old Malay female who presented with multiple tumors arising from a large nevus sebaceus on her right parieto-temporal scalp. Histologically, the tumors corresponded to a sebaceoma with carcinomatous change, a poroma and a trichoblastoma. Immunohistochemical staining of the sebaceous tumor with p53 showed strong within the areas of carcinomatous change, while there was negative to weak staining within the sebaceoma-like areas. A discussion on the potential secondary neoplasms from a nevus sebaceus ensues, with a review of this literature on multiple tumors from a nevus sebaceus. PMID:23550845

  11. New challenges of the ARISE project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blanc, Elisabeth

    2015-04-01

    It has been robustly demonstrated that variations in the circulation of the middle atmosphere influence weather and climate throughout the troposphere all the way to the Earth's surface. A key part of the coupling between the troposphere and stratosphere occurs through the propagation and breaking of planetary-scale Rossby waves and gravity waves. Limited observation of the middle atmosphere and these waves in particular limits the ability to faithfully reproduce the dynamics of the middle atmosphere in numerical weather prediction and climate models. The ARISE project combines for the first time international networks with complementary technologies such as infrasound, lidar and airglow. This joint network provided advanced data products that started to be used as benchmarks for weather forecast models. The ARISE network also allows enhanced and detailed monitoring of other extreme events in the Earth system such as erupting volcanoes, magnetic storms, tornadoes and tropical thunderstorms. In order to improve the ability of the network to monitor atmospheric dynamics, ARISE proposes to extend i) the existing network coverage in Africa and the high latitudes, ii) the altitude range in the stratosphere and mesosphere, iii) the observation duration using routine observation modes, and to use complementary existing infrastructures and innovative instrumentations. Data will be collected over the long term to improve weather forecasting to monthly or seasonal timescales, to monitor atmospheric extreme events and climate change. ARISE focuses on the link between models and observations for future assimilation of data by operational weather forecasting models. Among the applications, ARISE2 proposes infrasound remote volcano monitoring to provide notifications to civil aviation.

  12. Effects of human yolk sac endothelial cells on supporting expansion of hematopoietic stem\\/progenitor cells from cord blood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liangshan Hu; Lamei Cheng; Jian Wang; Huiping Zhao; Huaxin Duan; Guangxiu Lu

    2006-01-01

    In order to investigate the effects of human yolk sac-derived endothelial cells (hYSECs) on the expansion of human hematopoietic stem\\/progenitor cells (HS\\/PCs) from umbilical cord blood (UCB) in vitro, we purified hYSEC-like cells from 4–5 week human yolk sacs, which were morphologically similar to endothelial cells and expressed CD31, CD144 and vWF characteristics of endothelial cells. Then we isolated CD34+

  13. The role of quail bronchitis virus as a possible precipitating factor in "air sac syndrome" of chickens 

    E-print Network

    Payne, Jerry Bob

    1965-01-01

    THE ROLE OF QUAIL BRONCHITIS VIRUS AS A POSSIBLE PRECIPITATING FACTOR IN "AIR SAC SYNDROME" OF CHICKENS A Thesis By JERRY BOB PAYNE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ARM University in partfal fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1965 Major Subject: Veterinary Microbiology THE ROLE OF QUAIL BRONCHITIS VIRUS AS A POSSIBLE PRECIPITATING FACTOR IN "AIR SAC SYNDROME" OF CHICKENS A Thesis By JERRY BOB PAYNE Approved as to style and dontent...

  14. THE RESPIRATORY DEVELOPMENT OF ATLANTIC SALMON II. PARTITIONING OF OXYGEN UPTAKE AMONG GILLS, YOLK SAC AND BODY SURFACES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PATRICK R. WELLS; ALAN W. PINDER

    During post-hatch development of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), O2 uptake partitioning changes from primarily cutaneous to primarily branchial. Over 80 % of post-hatch O2 uptake was cutaneous, with the yolk sac responsible for 33 % of total O2 uptake. The well- vascularized yolk sac was a less effective gas exchanger than the unperfused skin of the body, suggesting that

  15. Papillary tumor of the pineal region.

    PubMed

    Vandergriff, Clayton; Opatowsky, Michael; O'Rourke, Brian; Layton, Kennith

    2012-01-01

    Presented is a patient with papillary tumor of the pineal region (PTPR), an uncommon and recently recognized neoplasm. As its name implies, PTPR does not arise from the pineal gland itself. The cell of origin is thought to be the specialized ependymocytes of the subcommissural organ. Primary tumors of the pineal region include pineal parenchymal neoplasms, germ cell neoplasms, and tumors arising from adjacent structures, including meningiomas, astrocytomas, and ependymomas. Like other masses in this location, PTPR often leads to obstructive hydrocephalus. Due to the relative paucity of reported cases of PTPR, its natural history is unknown. PMID:22275792

  16. Papillary tumor of the pineal region

    PubMed Central

    Opatowsky, Michael; O'Rourke, Brian; Layton, Kennith

    2012-01-01

    Presented is a patient with papillary tumor of the pineal region (PTPR), an uncommon and recently recognized neoplasm. As its name implies, PTPR does not arise from the pineal gland itself. The cell of origin is thought to be the specialized ependymocytes of the subcommissural organ. Primary tumors of the pineal region include pineal parenchymal neoplasms, germ cell neoplasms, and tumors arising from adjacent structures, including meningiomas, astrocytomas, and ependymomas. Like other masses in this location, PTPR often leads to obstructive hydrocephalus. Due to the relative paucity of reported cases of PTPR, its natural history is unknown. PMID:22275792

  17. Ultrastructure of the endolymphatic sac in the larva of the japanese red-bellied newt Cynops pyrrhogaster

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gao, W.; Wiederhold, M.; Hejl, R.

    1998-01-01

    The ultrastructure of the endolymphatic sac (ES) of the late stage larva of the Japanese red-bellied newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster (stage 57), was examined by light and transmission electron microscopy. The two endolymphatic sacs are located at the dorsal-medial side of the otic vesicle on the dorsal-lateral side of the midbrain in the cranial cavity. The wall of the sac is composed of a layer of cubical epithelial cells with loose, interposed intercellular spaces. The sac contains a large luminal cavity, in which endolymph and numerous otoconia are present. The epithelial cells of different portions of the sac have a similar structure. These cells contain an abundance of cytoplasmic organelles, including ribosomes, Golgi complexes, and numerous vesicles. Two types of vesicles are found in the epithelial cells: the "floccular" vesicle and the "granular" vesicle. The floccular vesicles are located in the supra- and lateral-nuclear cytoplasm and contain floccular material. The granular vesicles have a fine granular substance and are usually situated apposed to the apical cell membrane. The granular vesicles are suggested to be secreted into the lumen, while the floccular vesicles are thought to be absorbed from the lumen and conveyed to the intercellular spaces by the epithelial cells. The apical surfaces of the epithelial cells bear numerous microvilli. Apparently floating cells, which bear long microvilli on the free surfaces, are observed in the lumen of the ES. Based on the fine structure, the function of the endolymphatic sac of the newt Cynops pyrrhogaster is discussed.

  18. Transfer of IgA from albumen into the yolk sac during embryonic development in the chicken.

    PubMed

    Kaspers, B; Bondl, H; Göbel, T W

    1996-06-01

    In the chicken, maternal antibodies are transferred into the egg and subsequently transported into the developing embryo. IgG is the primary immunoglobulin isotype of the egg yolk, while IgM and IgA are mainly found in the albumen. However, considerable amounts of IgM and IgA of unknown origin are found one day prior to hatching in the yolk sac. These antibodies are not synthesized de novo by the embryo proper, thus pointing to a transfer from the albumen into the egg yolk during development. To further address this question, 125I labelled chicken IgA was injected into the albumen of freshly laid eggs. On day 21 of embryonic development, 125I-IgA was found in the yolk sac content. On average (n = 6) 36.2 +/- 7.2% of the injected radioactivity was recovered from this compartment and shown to be associated with IgA. Comparison of total IgA in the albumen of freshly laid eggs with the amounts of IgA in yolk sac content showed similar results with a 44% transfer rate. An increase of the IgA concentration in the yolk sac was first detectable between days 14 and 16 of embryonic development. These data clearly show that IgA is transferred from the albumen into the yolk sac, most likely by a transport across the yolk sac membrane. PMID:8767732

  19. Castor sacs and anal glands of the north american beaver (Castor canadensis): their histology, development, and relationship to scent communication.

    PubMed

    Walro, J M; Svendsen, G E

    1982-05-01

    Both sexes of beavers possess a pair of castor sacs and a pair of anal glands located in paired subcutaneous cavities between the pelvis and the base of the tail. The castor sacs are not glandular in the histological sense, hence references to these structures as preputial glands or castor glands are misnomers. The wall of the castor sacs is plicate and comprised of three distinct zones: an outer layer of vascular connective tissue, a two-to five-cell-thick layer of mitotic epithelial cells, and several densely packed layers of cornified epithelium which grade into more widely separated sheets toward the lumen. Monocultures of a gram-positive facultatively anaerobic bacterium were present in the lumen of all castor sac preparations. Differences in the frequency of castoreum deposition were not attributable to differences in the structure of the castor sacs. The anal glands of beavers are holocrine sebaceous glands. These glands develop more rapidly than the castor sacs. Anal gland tissue from embryos exhibited cellular characteristics associated with the production of sebum. Secretory activity was evident in all preparations. The relationship of castoreum and anal gland secretion to scent communication among beavers is discussed. PMID:24415179

  20. KNApSAcK family databases: integrated metabolite-plant species databases for multifaceted plant research.

    PubMed

    Afendi, Farit Mochamad; Okada, Taketo; Yamazaki, Mami; Hirai-Morita, Aki; Nakamura, Yukiko; Nakamura, Kensuke; Ikeda, Shun; Takahashi, Hiroki; Altaf-Ul-Amin, Md; Darusman, Latifah K; Saito, Kazuki; Kanaya, Shigehiko

    2012-02-01

    A database (DB) describing the relationships between species and their metabolites would be useful for metabolomics research, because it targets systematic analysis of enormous numbers of organic compounds with known or unknown structures in metabolomics. We constructed an extensive species-metabolite DB for plants, the KNApSAcK Core DB, which contains 101,500 species-metabolite relationships encompassing 20,741 species and 50,048 metabolites. We also developed a search engine within the KNApSAcK Core DB for use in metabolomics research, making it possible to search for metabolites based on an accurate mass, molecular formula, metabolite name or mass spectra in several ionization modes. We also have developed databases for retrieving metabolites related to plants used for a range of purposes. In our multifaceted plant usage DB, medicinal/edible plants are related to the geographic zones (GZs) where the plants are used, their biological activities, and formulae of Japanese and Indonesian traditional medicines (Kampo and Jamu, respectively). These data are connected to the species-metabolites relationship DB within the KNApSAcK Core DB, keyed via the species names. All databases can be accessed via the website http://kanaya.naist.jp/KNApSAcK_Family/. KNApSAcK WorldMap DB comprises 41,548 GZ-plant pair entries, including 222 GZs and 15,240 medicinal/edible plants. The KAMPO DB consists of 336 formulae encompassing 278 medicinal plants; the JAMU DB consists of 5,310 formulae encompassing 550 medicinal plants. The Biological Activity DB consists of 2,418 biological activities and 33,706 pairwise relationships between medicinal plants and their biological activities. Current statistics of the binary relationships between individual databases were characterized by the degree distribution analysis, leading to a prediction of at least 1,060,000 metabolites within all plants. In the future, the study of metabolomics will need to take this huge number of metabolites into consideration. PMID:22123792

  1. Tumors of the chest wall in infants and children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. A. Franken; J. A. Smith; W. L. Smith

    1977-01-01

    Chest wall tumors of children may arise from subcutaneous tissues, the bony thorax, or extrapleural region. Review of experience at our institution and the literature indicates that primary bony tumors are most often malignant; Ewing's sarcoma is the most frequent in this category. Extrapleural tumors are rare but also usually malignant. Clinical and roentgen features of these lesions are discussed.

  2. Unusual tumors associated with the hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Russell R Broaddus; Patrick M Lynch; Karen H Lu; Raja Luthra; Sara J Michelson

    2004-01-01

    The molecular pathogenesis of tumors outside the usual tumor spectrum for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is currently controversial. Specifically, it is not known whether these tumors are related to defects in DNA mismatch repair or arise independently of this defect in these patients. Here, we report two young patients, each with a known MSH2 mutation in the family, who

  3. Follicular Proliferative Lesion Arising in Struma Ovarii

    PubMed Central

    Park, Min Jee; Kim, Min A; Shin, Mi Kyung; Min, Hye Sook

    2015-01-01

    Malignant struma ovarii is extremely rare and difficult to diagnose histologically, particularly in cases of follicular carcinoma. This case study is intended to describe three cases of follicular proliferative lesion arising in struma ovarii that we experienced. The first case was clearly malignant given the clinical picture of multiple recurrences, but there was little histological evidence of malignancy. Our second case featured architectural and cellular atypia and necrosis and was diagnosed as malignant despite the absence of vascular and stromal invasion. Our third case exhibited solid microfollicular proliferation without any definite evidence of malignancy (even the molecular data was negative); however, we could not completely exclude malignant potential after conducting a literature review. In cases such as our third case, it has been previously suggested that a diagnostic term recognizing the low-grade malignant potential, such as “proliferative stromal ovarii” or “follicular proliferative lesion arising in the stromal ovarii” would be appropriate. PMID:26018519

  4. Extragenital endometrial stromal sarcoma arising in endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Alcázar, Juan Luis; Guerriero, Stefano; Ajossa, Silvia; Parodo, Giuseppina; Piras, Bruno; Peiretti, Michele; Jurado, Matías; Idoate, Miguel Ángel

    2012-01-01

    The diagnosis rate of deep pelvic endometriosis is increasing. Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is a rare neoplasm. Extragenital ESS is an extremely uncommon event. Very few cases of extragenital ESS have been reported to date. The diagnosis of this entity is very difficult in some instances. Knowledge about its management is also limited. In this paper, we review the current literature on the clinical management, histology, immunohistochemistry, treatment and outcome of ESS arising in pelvic endometriosis. PMID:22538201

  5. ARISE Machines: Extending Processors with Hybrid Accelerators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nikolaos Vassiliadis; George Theodoridis; Spiridon Nikolaidis

    2008-01-01

    ARISE introduces a systematic approach to extend once a processor to support thereafter the coupling of an arbitrary number\\u000a of Custom Computing Units (CCUs). A CCU, hardwired or reconfigurable, can be utilized in a hybrid, tight and\\/or loose, model of computation. By selecting\\u000a the appropriate model for each part of the application, the complete application space can be considered for

  6. Quantitative data on blood flow during tumor PDT obtained by laser Doppler spectroscopy in the hen's egg test system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vervoorts, Anja; Rood, H. A.; Klotz, Marcus; Moser, Joerg G.; Rosenbruch, Martin

    1995-01-01

    Oxygen supply is the most important requirement of type II photodynamic reactions. Prerequisite in photodynamic tumor therapy is an intact tumor blood flow during irradiation. Most photosensitizers destroy tumor vessels due to accumulation in endothelial cells. As a prerequisite to develop novel photosensitizing drugs an in-vivo test system is required to quantitatively assess for inertness of those sensitizers to the blood supply. We adapted and further developed a system capable of measuring the relative oxygen supply to heterotransplanted tumors on the yolk sac membrane (YSM) of fertilized chicken eggs.

  7. Role of Actin-Bundling Protein Sac6 in Growth of Cryptococcus neoformans at Low Oxygen Concentration

    PubMed Central

    Lamichhane, Ami Khanal; Kwon-Chung, Kyung J.

    2012-01-01

    Cryptococcus neoformans, the etiologic agent of cryptococcosis, is an obligately aerobic yeast that inhabits an environmental niche exposed to ambient air. The cell doubling time was significantly prolonged under 1% O2 relative to that under normoxic conditions. No apparent cell cycle arrest occurred following a shift from ambient air to 1% O2. However, yeast cells became hypersensitive to the actin monomer-sequestering agent latrunculin A at 1% O2, indicating that proper actin function is critical for growth at low oxygen concentrations. We showed that Sac6, an actin-binding protein, played an important role in cell growth under low oxygen conditions. Sac6 colocalized with cortical actin patches and with the ring structures between mother cells and buds. Under low oxygen conditions, the sac6 deletion mutant grew poorly, and accumulation of the actin capping protein Cap1 was observed in the vacuole of the sac6? strain. Furthermore, endocytic processes were hampered in the sac6? mutant, but cell polarity and cytokinesis were not visibly disturbed. The deficiency of endocytosis in the sac6? strain could be rescued by 1 M sorbitol under 1% O2, but growth remained retarded. These results suggest an absence of a direct link in C. neoformans between endocytosis and coping with the stress of low oxygen conditions. This interpretation is further supported by the observation that deletion of three conserved genes, ABP1, CRN1, and SLA2, which play important roles in endocytosis, had no effect on growth under 1% O2. Interestingly, deletion of SAC6 in C. neoformans had no effect on virulence in mice. PMID:22562467

  8. Stretch induced endothelin-1 secretion by adult rat astrocytes involves calcium influx via stretch-activated ion channels (SACs)

    SciTech Connect

    Ostrow, Lyle W., E-mail: lostrow1@jhmi.edu [Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205 (United States); Suchyna, Thomas M.; Sachs, Frederick [Department of Physiology and Biophysical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 (United States)] [Department of Physiology and Biophysical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214 (United States)

    2011-06-24

    Highlights: {yields} Endothelin-1 expression by adult rat astrocytes correlates with cell proliferation. {yields} Stretch-induced ET-1 is inhibited by GsMtx-4, a specific inhibitor of Ca{sup 2+} permeant SACs. {yields} The less specific SAC inhibitor streptomycin also inhibits ET-1 secretion. {yields} Stretch-induced ET-1 production depends on a calcium influx. {yields} SAC pharmacology may provide a new class of therapeutic agents for CNS pathology. -- Abstract: The expression of endothelins (ETs) and ET-receptors is often upregulated in brain pathology. ET-1, a potent vasoconstrictor, also inhibits the expression of astrocyte glutamate transporters and is mitogenic for astrocytes, glioma cells, neurons, and brain capillary endothelia. We have previously shown that mechanical stress stimulates ET-1 production by adult rat astrocytes. We now show in adult astrocytes that ET-1 production is driven by calcium influx through stretch-activated ion channels (SACs) and the ET-1 production correlates with cell proliferation. Mechanical stimulation using biaxial stretch (<20%) of a rubber substrate increased ET-1 secretion, and 4 {mu}M GsMTx-4 (a specific inhibitor of SACs) inhibited secretion by 30%. GsMTx-4 did not alter basal ET-1 levels in the absence of stretch. Decreasing the calcium influx by lowering extracellular calcium also inhibited stretch-induced ET-1 secretion without effecting ET-1 secretion in unstretched controls. Furthermore, inhibiting SACs with the less specific inhibitor streptomycin also inhibited stretch-induced ET-1 secretion. The data can be explained with a simple model in which ET-1 secretion depends on an internal Ca{sup 2+} threshold. This coupling of mechanical stress to the astrocyte endothelin system through SACs has treatment implications, since all pathology deforms the surrounding parenchyma.

  9. [Pituitary tumors].

    PubMed

    Kawamata, Takakazu; Hori, Tomokatsu

    2004-05-01

    Pituitary adenomas have been reported to be the most common benign intracranial neoplasms. Recent radiological advancement has resulted in incidental diagnosis of pituitary tumors such as pituitary adenomas and Rathke's cleft cysts. The most common location of pituitary adenomas is intrasellar region with or without suprasellar extension. Pituitary tumors in unusual site, however, have been reported previously, including the sphenoid sinus, suprasellar region, clivus, nasal cavity, or something like that. The sources of ectopic pituitary tumors have been thought to be migration of pituitary cells in pituitary adenomas and of squamous epithelial cell remnants of the obliterated craniopharyngeal canal in craniopharyngiomas. We describe ectopic pituitary tumors and recent knowledge of etiology and pathology of pituitary tumors. Furthermore, we mention recent advancement of endonasal transsphenoidal surgery to treat pituitary tumors. PMID:15148826

  10. Kidney Tumors

    Cancer.gov

    Kidney tumors are rare and generally curable in children. However, there are subsets of patients afflicted with these diseases that do not respond to treatment or eventually relapse. These patients usually have poor clinical outcomes as compared with the majority of children diagnosed with kidney tumors. All patients undergo therapy regimens that can be detrimental later in life. Through genome-wide characterization, TARGET investigators are identifying critical molecular alterations in these tumors, mostly from relapsed patients.

  11. Sinus Tumors

    MedlinePLUS

    ... include papilloma (including inverted and squamous), fibro-osseous (meaning from bone structure) lesions (including osteoma, fibrous dysplasia), vascular (meaning from a blood vessel) tumors (including juvenile nasopharyngeal ...

  12. [The clinical and pathological characters of malignant neoplasms arising from endometriosis].

    PubMed

    Jiang, Q C

    1993-06-01

    Eight cases of malignant tumors arising from endometriosis were reported; the ovary was the primary site in 7, whereas extragonadal site (rectum) in 1. The histologic classification was as follows: endometrioid carcinoma in 1. Clear cell carcinoma in 2, mixed clear cell carcinoma and endometrioid carcinoma in 2, mixed papillary cystadenocarcinoma in 1 and serous tumor of borderline malignancy in 1. The histologic pattern arising from endometriosis of the rectal wall was endometrioid adenocarcinoma with benign endometriosis contiguous to it. It was found that the ectopic endometrial tissue may undergo malignant change when they were under stimulation by some factors. One of which may be intrinsic or extrinsic estrogen, which may be related to the high incidence rate in this age group. Laparotomy should be done for assessing malignant change when ovarian mass was greater than 10 cm or grew rapidly. Five year survival rate will be expected to improved with postoperative progestin or irradiation. Preventive measures were also suggested. PMID:8243157

  13. Boundary estimation problems arising in thermal tomography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Banks, H. T.; Kojima, Fumio; Winfree, W. P.

    1989-01-01

    Problems on the identification of two-dimensional spatial domains arising in the detection and characterization of structural flaws in materials are considered. For a thermal diffusion system with external boundary input, observations of the temperature on the surface are used in a output least squares approach. Parameter estimation techniques based on the method of mappings are discussed and approximation schemes are developed based on a finite element Galerkin approach. Theoretical convergence results for computational techniques are given and the results are applied to experimental data for the identification of flaws in the thermal testing of materials.

  14. The acid-induced folded state of Sac7d is the native state.

    PubMed Central

    Bedell, J. L.; McCrary, B. S.; Edmondson, S. P.; Shriver, J. W.

    2000-01-01

    Sac7d unfolds at low pH in the absence of salt, with the greatest extent of unfolding obtained at pH 2. We have previously shown that the acid unfolded protein is induced to refold by decreasing the pH to 0 or by addition of salt (McCrary BS, Bedell J. Edmondson SP, Shriver JW, 1998, J Mol Biol 276:203-224). Both near-ultraviolet circular dichroism spectra and ANS fluorescence enhancements indicate that the acid- and salt-induced folded states have a native fold and are not molten globular. 1H,15N heteronuclear single quantum coherence NMR spectra confirm that the native, acid-, and salt-induced folded states are essentially identical. The most significant differences in amide 1H and 15N chemical shifts are attributed to hydrogen bonding to titrating carboxyl side chains and through-bond inductive effects. The 1H NMR chemical shifts of protons affected by ring currents in the hydrophobic core of the acid- and salt-induced folded states are identical to those observed in the native. The radius of gyration of the acid-induced folded state at pH 0 is shown to be identical to that of the native state at pH 7 by small angle X-ray scattering. We conclude that acid-induced collapse of Sac7d does not lead to a molten globule but proceeds directly to the native state. The folding of Sac7d as a function of pH and anion concentration is summarized with a phase diagram that is similar to those observed for other proteins that undergo acid-induced folding except that the A-state is encompassed by the native state. These results demonstrate that formation of a molten globule is not a general property of proteins that are refolded by acid. PMID:11106160

  15. Synchronous Distal Pancreatic Metastatic Lesion Arising from Colonic Adenocarcinoma: Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Su, Lowell; Wernberg, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    Solitary metastatic pancreatic lesions comprise 0.5% to 3% of all pancreas neoplasms, most commonly arising from primary tumors of the kidney, lung, or colon. Synchronous metastatic pancreatic lesions are exceptionally rare. Only 25 cases of isolated colorectal pancreatic metastasis amenable to resection have been reported, 11 of those in the distal pancreas. To our knowledge we report the first case of a primary colonic malignancy with a synchronous distal pancreatic metastatic lesion treated with resection. PMID:24667222

  16. [Mediastinal Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumor with Sarcoid-like Reaction in the Regional Lymph Nodes].

    PubMed

    Hamada, Akira; Kanauchi, Naoki; Suzuki, Katsuyuki; Watanabe, Hikaru; Watanabe, Isamu

    2015-06-01

    A 26-year-old man was admitted because of an abnormal shadow on a chest roentgenogram. Computed tomography(CT) revealed a very large tumor in the anterior mediastinum and bilateral mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Examination of a CT-guided biopsy specimen revealed a yolk-sac tumor. The patient received 4 courses of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin chemotherapy. After chemotherapy, the tumor was markedly reduced in size, but the lymphadenopathy remained. The patient underwent thoracoscopic biopsy of the mediastinal lymph nodes. Sarcoid nodules were found in all the biopsied nodes, and the lymphadenopathy was thought to be a sarcoid-like reaction associated with the germ cell tumor. Resection of the residual tumor was performed according to the treatment algorithm of the International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group. There were no viable tumor cells in the resected tissue. The patient is free of recurrence and without any sign of generalized sarcoidosis 3 years after the surgery. PMID:26066869

  17. A case report on a nasolabial cyst presenting with a nasolacrimal sac cyst.

    PubMed

    Zengin, A Z; Unal-Erzurumlu, Z; Karl?, R

    2015-01-01

    Nasolabial cysts are rare, nonodontogenic soft tissue developmental cysts that occur in the maxillary lip and nasal alar regions. Patients with this type of cyst generally presents with an asymptomatic soft swelling that may obliterate the nasolabial fold, elevate the nasal ala or the floor of the nose and fill the labial vestibule intraorally. The exact origin of nasolabial cysts is uncertain. The seed theory suggests that these cysts develop from a misplaced epithelium of the nasolacrimal duct because of their similar location and histologic appearance. This report aimed to present a case of nasolabial cyst presenting with a nasolacrimal sac cyst. PMID:26096251

  18. Maternal-fetal immunoglobulin transport: Studies on the binding, internalization, and release of IgG by chick yolk sac tissue and cultured cells

    SciTech Connect

    Donaldson, J.G.

    1988-01-01

    Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is transported from the yolk across the endodermal cells of the yolk sac and into the fetal circulation during chick embryonic development, thus providing the chick with passive immunity until it becomes immunocompetent. Saturable, Fc-specific receptors are present on the endodermal cells and are believed to mediate this transfer. In this study, IgG receptors were shown to be present on the yolk sac endodermal cells throughout the 21 days of development, although most of the transport occurs during the last 3 days prior to hatching. Fluorescently conjugated IgG was internalized by a receptor mechanism into small apical vesicles in yolk sac endoderm throughout, but cells from 19 day yolk sacs internalized more conjugate than those from 14 day yolk sacs. This was confirmed and quantitated by assaying the internalization of {sup 125}I-IgG into yolk sac tissue. IgG was internalized by a receptor mediated mechanism, reaching a steady state level after 1 to 2 hours. Although both ages of yolk sac tissue possessed the same number of surface IgG receptors, as measured by equilibrium binding assays at 4{degree}C, 19 day yolk sac had the capacity to internalize six times as much IgG by a receptor mechanism as 14 day yolk sac.

  19. Yolk sac angiogenic defect and intra-embryonic apoptosis in mice lacking the Ets-related factor TEL.

    PubMed Central

    Wang, L C; Kuo, F; Fujiwara, Y; Gilliland, D G; Golub, T R; Orkin, S H

    1997-01-01

    The TEL gene, which is frequently rearranged in human leukemias of both myeloid and lymphoid origin, encodes a member of the Ets family of transcription factors. The TEL gene is widely expressed throughout embryonic development and in the adult. To determine the requirement for the TEL gene product in development we generated TEL knockout mice (TEL-/-) by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. TEL-/- mice are embryonic lethal and die between E10.5-11.5 with defective yolk sac angiogenesis and intra-embryonic apoptosis of mesenchymal and neural cells. Two-thirds of TEL-deficient yolk sacs at E9.5 lack vitelline vessels, yet possess capillaries, indicative of normal vasculogenesis. Vitelline vessels regress by E10.5 in the remaining TEL-/- yolk sacs. Hematopoiesis at the yolk sac stage, however, appears unaffected in TEL-/- embryos. Our findings demonstrate that TEL is required for maintenance of the developing vascular network in the yolk sac and for survival of selected cell types within the embryo proper. PMID:9250681

  20. Graft Distortion After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Association with Sac Morphology and Mid-Term Complications

    SciTech Connect

    Gould, Derek Alan [Department of Interventional Radiology, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom); Edwards, Richard David [Radiology Department, Gartnavel Hospital, Glasgow G12 OYG (United Kingdom); McWilliams, Richard Gregory; Rowlands, Peter Christopher [Department of Interventional Radiology, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom); Martin, Janis [Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom); White, Donagh [Department of Interventional Radiology, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom); Fear, Simon [Statistician, Roy Castle ICLCR, London Road, Liverpool L3 9TA (United Kingdom); Bakran, Ali; Brennan, John; Gilling-Smith, Geoffrey; Harris, Peter Lyon [Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L7 8XP (United Kingdom)

    2000-09-15

    Purpose: To investigate the incidence, significance, and mechanism of stent-graft distortion after endovascular repair (EVR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm.Methods: EVR of abdominal aortic aneurysm was performed in 51 cases (49 modular, bifurcated; 2 tube). Thirty-two patients were followed for 6 or more months and had equivalent baseline and follow-up images which could be used to determine changes in graft configuration. Sac dimensions were measured using computed tomographic (CT) images and graft-related complications were recorded.Results: Amongst 32 patients evaluated on follow-up, there was graft distortion in 24. Distorted grafts were significantly (p= 0.002) associated with sac diameter reduction (mean 5 mm) and sac length reduction (mean 8.1 mm). All graft-related complications occurred in the limbs of eight distorted grafts, with a mean reduction of sac length in this group of 7.8 mm on reformatted CT images.Conclusion: There was a highly significant association between graft distortion and limb complications, and reduced sac dimensions.

  1. Enhancement of Processability and Electrical Resistance by Use of Ag-Based Composite Inks Containing Ultrafine SAC305 Alloy Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shin, Yong Moo; Kim, Hyun-Jin; Jang, Seok Pil; Lee, Jong-Hyun

    2014-09-01

    We propose use of Ag/Sn-3.0 (wt.%) Ag-0.5 Cu (SAC305) composite ink to reduce sintering temperature, sintering time, and material costs. The SAC305 nanoparticle (NP) surfaces were not capped by any stabilizers, which are detrimental to the resistivity of the sintered tracks. Compared with commercial pure Ag ink, use of Ag/3.2 (vol.%) SAC305 composite ink containing ultrafine SAC305 NPs resulted in outstandingly enhanced processability, enabling faster sintering at low temperatures. The average sheet resistance of composite ink samples sintered for 25 min at 170°C was as low as 0.011 ?/?, comparable with that of a pure Ag sample sintered for over 30 min at 220°C. The morphology and the differential scanning calorimetry curves enabled explanation of the changes in the sintering behavior and sheet resistance. The Ag/SAC305 clusters in the composite ink sintered at 170°C grew, on average, to ~201.1-226.1 nm as a result of faster local liquid-phase sintering, and most of the Ag particles were mutually linked, dramatically changing the microstructure.

  2. Neuroblastoma Cells Isolated from Bone Marrow Metastases Contain a Naturally Enriched Tumor-Initiating Cell

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Loen M. Hansford; Amy E. McKee; Libo Zhang; Rani E. George; J. Ted Gerstle; Paul S. Thorner; Kristen M. Smith; A. Thomas Look; Herman Yeger; Freda D. Miller; Meredith S. Irwin; Carol J. Thiele; David R. Kaplan

    2007-01-01

    Neuroblastoma is a heterogeneous pediatric tumor thought to arise from the embryonic neural crest. Identification of the cell responsible for propagating neuroblastomas is essential to understanding this often recurrent, rapidly progressing disease. We have isolated and characterized putative tumor- initiating cells from 16 tumors and bone marrow metastases from patients in all neuroblastoma risk groups. Dissociated cells from tumors or

  3. Hypothalamic tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    ... at any age, but they are often more aggressive in adults than in children. In adults, tumors ... The treatment depends on how aggressive the tumor is, and whether it is a glioma or another type of cancer. Treatment may involve combinations of surgery, radiation , ...

  4. Adenocarcinoma arising from heterotopic pancreas at the third portion of the duodenum.

    PubMed

    Fukino, Nobutada; Oida, Takatsugu; Mimatsu, Kenji; Kuboi, Youichi; Kida, Kazutoshi

    2015-04-01

    A 62-year-old Japanese man presented to our hospital with a history of weight loss of 6 kg in 4 mo. Imaging examinations revealed a tumor located on the third portion of the duodenum with stenosis. We suspected duodenal carcinoma and performed pancreas-preserving segmental duodenectomy. Adenocarcinoma arising from a heterotopic pancreas at the third portion of the duodenum was finally diagnosed by immunohistochemical staining. Malignant transformation in the duodenum arising from a heterotopic pancreas is extremely rare; to our knowledge, only 13 cases have been reported worldwide, including the present case. The most common location of malignancy is the proximal duodenum at the first and descending portion. Herein, we describe the first case of adenocarcinoma arising from a heterotopic pancreas, which was located in the third portion of the duodenum, with a review of the literature. PMID:25852297

  5. The Cell of Origin of Ovarian Epithelial Tumors and the Ovarian Surface Epithelium Dogma: Does the Emperor Have No Clothes?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis Dubeau

    1999-01-01

    The widely favored hypothesis that ovarian epithelial tumors arise from the mesothelial cell layer lining the ovarian surface fails to explain the resemblance of these tumors to those arising in organs that are embryologically derived from the Müllerian ducts such as fallopian tubes, endometrium, and endocervix. In addition, this theory cannot account for the fact that tumors that are morphologically

  6. High grade angiosarcoma arising in fibroadenoma

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Primary angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare tumour that account for fewer than 0.05% of all malignant mammary tumours. Angiosarcoma may have an perfidious clinical onset. Radiologic findings are often nonspecific and may appear completely normal in one-third of cases with primary angiosarcoma. The prognosis is usually poor because of the high rates of local recurrence and early development of metastases. Aggressive surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment. The role of adjuvant therapy has not yet been well established. Here we present a case of a 53 year old, postmenopausal women with primary angiosarcoma arising in fibroadenoma. To our knowledge, this is the first case described in the literature to date. PMID:22185665

  7. Vorinostat and Bortezomib in Treating Young Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Solid Tumors, Including Central Nervous System Tumors and Lymphoma

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2013-07-01

    Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor; Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor; Childhood Craniopharyngioma; Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Medulloepithelioma; Childhood Meningioma; Childhood Mixed Glioma; Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Childhood Oligodendroglioma; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma; Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Malignant Germ Cell Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Pineoblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway Glioma; Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

  8. Intracranial Undifferentiated Sarcoma Arising from a Low-Grade Glioma: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Bum-Joon; Kim, Jong-Hyun; Chung, Hung-Seob

    2015-01-01

    Undifferentiated sarcomas are rarely identified in the intracranial region. A 23-year-old man was admitted with a chief complaint of headache. Initial magnetic resonance images showed signs of low-grade glioma in the frontal lobe. Stereotactic biopsy was performed, and a diagnosis of diffuse astrocytoma was confirmed. Three months later, the patient presented with a high-grade tumor as seen on imaging studies. He underwent total resection of the tumor and histopathological tests identified an undifferentiated sarcoma. The patient died eight months later due to massive tumor bleeding. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of undifferentiated sarcoma arising from low-grade glioma without any chemotherapy or radiotherapy. PMID:26180618

  9. Characteristics of indomethacin-saccharin (IMC-SAC) co-crystals prepared by an anti-solvent crystallization process.

    PubMed

    Chun, Nan-Hee; Wang, In-Chun; Lee, Min-Jeong; Jung, Yun-Taek; Lee, Sangkil; Kim, Woo-Sik; Choi, Guang J

    2013-11-01

    The creation of co-crystals of various insoluble drug substances has been extensively investigated as a promising approach to improve their pharmaceutical performance. In this study, co-crystal powders of indomethacin and saccharin (IMC-SAC) were prepared by an anti-solvent (water) addition and compared with co-crystals by evaporation method. No successful synthesis of a pharmaceutical co-crystal powder via an anti-solvent approach has been reported. Among solvents examined, methanol was practically the only one that resulted in the formation of highly pure IMC-SAC co-crystal powders by anti-solvent approach. The mechanism of a preferential formation of IMC-SAC co-crystal to IMC was explained with two aspects: phase solubility diagram and solution complexation concept. Accordingly, the anti-solvent approach can be considered as a competitive route for producing pharmaceutical co-crystal powders with acceptable properties. PMID:23454054

  10. An unusual case of a spasticity-lacking phenotype with a novel SACS mutation.

    PubMed

    Shimazaki, Haruo; Sakoe, Kumi; Niijima, Kenji; Nakano, Imaharu; Takiyama, Yoshihisa

    2007-04-15

    The authors describe an unusual case of autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) without leg spasticity, which is a core clinical feature of ARSACS. This is the second family with a spasticity-lacking phenotype in ARSACS. A peripheral nerve conduction study disclosed decreases in motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities with the disease progression. Although the leg spasticity is reported to become progressively worse during the disease and is prevalent in older patients, we first observed that the symptom had disappeared, probably due to the progressive peripheral nerve degeneration in the disease course. Thus, we should analyze the SACS gene even in cases of early-onset cerebellar ataxia without spasticity. The patient had a novel homozygous 2-base pair deletion mutation (c.5988-9 del CT) of the SACS gene, but the genotype was different from that in our first family of this phenotype. A further genotype-phenotype correlation study is required to clarify the molecular mechanism underlying 'sacsinopathies'. PMID:17349660

  11. Modeling murine yolk sac hematopoiesis with embryonic stem cell culture systems

    PubMed Central

    COOK, Brandoch D.

    2014-01-01

    The onset of hematopoiesis in mammals is defined by generation of primitive erythrocytes and macrophage progenitors in embryonic yolk sac. Laboratories have met the challenge of transient and swiftly changing specification events from ventral mesoderm through multipotent progenitors and maturing lineage-restricted hematopoietic subtypes, by developing powerful in vitro experimental models to interrogate hematopoietic ontogeny. Most importantly, studies of differentiating embryonic stem cell derivatives in embryoid body and stromal coculture systems have identified crucial roles for transcription factor networks (e.g. Gata1, Runx1, Scl) and signaling pathways (e.g. BMP, VEGF, WNT) in controlling stem and progenitor cell output. These and other relevant pathways have pleiotropic biological effects, and are often associated with early embryonic lethality in knockout mice. Further refinement in subsequent studies has allowed conditional expression of key regulatory genes, and isolation of progenitors via cell surface markers (e.g. FLK1) and reporter-tagged constructs, with the purpose of measuring their primitive and definitive hematopoietic potential. These observations continue to inform attempts to direct the differentiation, and augment the expansion, of progenitors in human cell culture systems that may prove useful in cell replacement therapies for hematopoietic deficiencies. The purpose of this review is to survey the extant literature on the use of differentiating murine embryonic stem cells in culture to model the developmental process of yolk sac hematopoiesis. PMID:25558247

  12. Laparoscopic treatment of acute ovarian incarceration into the pelvic peritoneal sac.

    PubMed

    Kataoka, K; Egami, Rika; Izumi, Yuki; Yamada, Yoko; Egashira, Katsuko; Miyahara, Akiko; Fukuhara, Masao; Watanabe, Yoshitsugu; Nakamura, Gen-ishi

    2009-01-01

    Pelvic pain is a common symptom in women of reproductive age. Acute pelvic pain with rapid onset demands prompt diagnosis and treatment. We report the case of a patient with ovarian incarceration of acute onset. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ovarian incarceration into the pelvic peritoneal sac in a woman of reproductive age. In the present case, laparoscopy was useful in establishing the cause of pelvic pain. The patient reported severe lower right quadrant abdominal pain of sudden onset. At laparoscopic examination, the right fallopian tube was normal; however, the right ovary was not initially visible at the normal site. After the swollen right ovarian ligament was pulled aside using nontraumatic laparoscopic forceps, we were able to detect incarceration of the right ovary into the peritoneal sac in the medial to right uterosacral ligament. This case is unique because of ovarian incarceration into the peritoneal fenestration. We believe this condition was congenital because there was no other cause such as previous surgery, severe endometriosis, or pelvic inflammatory diseases. PMID:19835814

  13. Embryo sac formation and early embryo development in Agave tequilana (Asparagaceae).

    PubMed

    González-Gutiérrez, Alejandra G; Gutiérrez-Mora, Antonia; Rodríguez-Garay, Benjamín

    2014-01-01

    Agave tequilana is an angiosperm species that belongs to the family Asparagaceae (formerly Agavaceae). Even though there is information regarding to some aspects related to the megagametogenesis of A. tequilana, this is the first report describing the complete process of megasporogenesis, megagametogenesis, the early embryo and endosperm development process in detail. The objective of this work was to study and characterize all the above processes and the distinctive morphological changes of the micropylar and chalazal extremes after fertilization in this species. The agave plant material for the present study was collected from commercial plantations in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. Ovules and immature seeds, previously fixed in FAA and kept in ethanol 70%, were stained based on a tissue clarification technique by using a Mayer's-Hematoxylin solution. The tissue clarification technique was successfully used for the characterization of the megasporogenesis, megagametogenesis, mature embryo sac formation, the early embryo and endosperm development processes by studying intact cells. The embryo sac of A. tequilana was confirmed to be of the monosporic Polygonum-type and an helobial endosperm formation. Also, the time-lapse of the developmental processes studied was recorded. PMID:25332875

  14. A novel approach for noninvasive drug delivery and sensing through the amniotic sac.

    PubMed

    Azagury, Aharon; Amar-Lewis, Eliz; Mann, Ella; Goldbart, Riki; Traitel, Tamar; Jelinek, Raz; Hallak, Mordechai; Kost, Joseph

    2014-06-10

    Current invasive prenatal tests (amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling) are known for their risk to the fetus. In the last decade, the use and awareness of these prenatal tests have increased, resulting in growing demand for a safe, non-invasive, and accurate prenatal test. Chemical penetration enhancers (CPEs) have long been used to increase transport phenomena across skin and other membranes (e.g., tympanic membrane). The amniotic sac membrane is called the chorioamnion (CA) membrane and serves as the physical barrier between the fetus and the mother. In this research, the effect of CPEs on human CA mass transport was evaluated both in vitro and ex vivo. The results show that the tested CPEs exhibit an enhancing effect on CA mass transport. Based on the permeability results, two mechanisms of action were suggested: "extractors" and "fluidizers". Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and rapid colorimetric screening measurements supported the mechanisms, based on which, more potent compounds were designed and tested for their enhancing effect. The enhancing mass transport effect of CPEs on CA membrane may be used both for sampling of cell-free DNA and for noninvasively administering drugs and other biological agents to the amniotic sac. PMID:24685707

  15. Neuroendocrine tumor presenting like lymphoma: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Neuroendocrine tumors are a rare but diverse group of malignancies that arise in a wide range of organ systems, including the mediastinum. Differential diagnosis includes other masses arising in the middle mediastinum such as lymphoma, pericardial, bronchogenic and enteric cysts, metastatic tumors, xanthogranuloma, systemic granuloma, diaphragmatic hernia, meningocele and paravertebral abscess. Case presentation We present a case of 42-year-old Caucasian man with a neuroendocrine tumor of the middle-posterior mediastinum and liver metastases, which resembled a lymphoma on magnetic resonance imaging. Conclusion The differential diagnosis in patients with mediastinal masses and liver lesions should include neuroendocrine tumor. PMID:21974797

  16. Endocytotic activity of the free floating cells and epithelial cells in the endolymphatic sac: an electron microscopic study.

    PubMed

    Fukazawa, K; Sakagami, M; Matsunaga, T; Fujita, H

    1991-07-01

    The fine structure and its functional properties of both free floating cells and epithelial cells in the endolymphatic sac after injections of India ink particles or polystyrene latex beads, 0.24 micron in diameter, into the endolymphatic space, were studied using light and electron microscopy. Twenty-four to 48 hours after injections, these foreign materials had accumulated in the lumen of the endolymphatic sac and a large number of them were ingested into free floating cells, most of which appear to be macrophages. Granular leucocytes taking up the foreign materials into the cytoplasm were also recognized in the sac lumen. A few of these leucocytes passed through the epithelium and migrated to the subepithelial connective tissue, while the others were degenerated and phagocytosed by the free floating cells in the lumen of the sac. In addition to the free floating cells, ink particles, latex beads, and degenerated leucocytes were endocytosed into some of the epithelial cells. As we reported previously, the epithelial cells were clearly classified into two types; type-1 epithelial cells (cytoorganelle-rich cells) and type-2 epithelial cells (filament-rich cells). The foreign materials and degenerated cells were taken up mainly into the type-1 epithelial cells, while the type-2 epithelial cells did not show so marked endocytotic activity in comparison with the type-1 epithelial cells. Thus, it becomes clear that the endolymphatic sac plays an important role in the endocytotic activity for foreign materials and waste products, and both the free floating cells and the type-1 epithelial cells of the sac have strong endocytotic activity. PMID:1867416

  17. Histological Analyses Demonstrate the Temporary Contribution of Yolk Sac, Liver, and Bone Marrow to Hematopoiesis during Chicken Development

    PubMed Central

    Guedes, Priscila Tavares; de Oliveira, Barbara Cristina Euzébio Pereira Dias; Manso, Pedro Paulo de Abreu; Caputo, Luzia Fátima Gonçalves; Pelajo-Machado, Marcelo

    2014-01-01

    The use of avian animal models has contributed to the understanding of many aspects of the ontogeny of the hematopoietic system in vertebrates. However, specific events that occur in the model itself are still unclear. There is a lack of consensus, among previous studies, about which is the intermediate site responsible for expansion and differentiation of hematopoietic cells, and the liver's contribution to the development of this system. Here we aimed to evaluate the presence of hematopoiesis in the yolk sac and liver in chickens, from the stages of intra-aortic clusters in the aorta-genital ridges-mesonephros (AGM) region until hatching, and how it relates to the establishment of the bone marrow. Gallus gallus domesticus L. embryos and their respective yolk sacs at embryonic day 3 (E3) and up to E21 were collected and processed according to standard histological techniques for paraffin embedding. The slides were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Lennert's Giemsa, and Sirius Red at pH 10.2, and investigated by light microscopy. This study demonstrated that the yolk sac was a unique hematopoietic site between E4 and E12. Hematopoiesis occurred in the yolk sac and bone marrow between E13 and E20. The liver showed granulocytic differentiation in the connective tissue of portal spaces at E15 and onwards. The yolk sac showed expansion of erythrocytic and granulocytic lineages from E6 to E19, and E7 to E20, respectively. The results suggest that the yolk sac is the major intermediate erythropoietic and granulopoietic site where expansion and differentiation occur during chicken development. The hepatic hematopoiesis is restricted to the portal spaces and represented by the granulocytic lineage. PMID:24621665

  18. Loss of BubR1 acetylation causes defects in spindle assembly checkpoint signaling and promotes tumor formation

    PubMed Central

    Park, Inai; Lee, Hae-ock; Choi, Eunhee; Lee, Yoo-Kyung; Kwon, Mi-Sun; Min, Jaewon; Park, Pil-Gu; Lee, Seonju; Kong, Young-Yun; Gong, Gyungyub

    2013-01-01

    BubR1 acetylation is essential in mitosis. Mice heterozygous for the acetylation-deficient BubR1 allele (K243R/+) spontaneously developed tumors with massive chromosome missegregations. K243R/+ mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) exhibited a weakened spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) with shortened mitotic timing. The generation of the SAC signal was intact, as Mad2 localization to the unattached kinetochore (KT) was unaltered; however, because of the premature degradation of K243R-BubR1, the mitotic checkpoint complex disassociated prematurely in the nocodazole-treated condition, suggesting that maintenance of the SAC is compromised. BubR1 acetylation was also required to counteract excessive Aurora B activity at the KT for stable chromosome–spindle attachments. The association of acetylation-deficient BubR1 with PP2A-B56? phosphatase was reduced, and the phosphorylated Ndc80 at the KT was elevated in K243R/+ MEFs. In relation, there was a marked increase of micronuclei and p53 mutation was frequently detected in primary tumors of K243R/+ mice. Collectively, the combined effects of failure in chromosome–spindle attachment and weakened SAC cause genetic instability and cancer in K243R/+ mice. PMID:23878276

  19. Brain tumors in adults with medically intractable epilepsy.

    PubMed

    Prayson, Richard A

    2011-10-01

    Much of the literature on tumors arising in the setting of chronic epilepsy focuses on children. This study reviewed 1 institution's 141-patient experience with tumors in adults arising in this clinical setting. The majority of tumors (71.6%) arose in the temporal lobe. The most common tumor types encountered included ganglioglioma (n = 38), low-grade fibrillary astrocytoma (n = 24), and low-grade oligodendroglioma (n = 22). Coexistent focal cortical dysplasia (type IA) was identified in 15 cases (10.6%). The largest group of tumors in adults were World Health Organization (WHO) grade II neoplasms compared with WHO grade I tumors in children. Gangliogliomas are the most commonly encountered neoplasms. Coexistent focal cortical dysplasia may be observed in a significant minority of tumors, suggesting a possible developmental origin for some of these neoplasms. PMID:21917677

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney. Case report.

    PubMed

    Bozkurt, Suheyla Uyar; Ahiskali, Rengin; Kaya, Handan; Demir, Aslan; Ilker, Yalcin

    2007-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are rare spindle cell neoplasms usually arising in the pleura. They have, however, also been reported at extrapleural locations. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the kidney is rare. Despite its rarity, histological diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor is crucial to avoid misdiagnosis with other more aggressive tumors arising in the kidney. We report a solitary fibrous tumor of the left kidney that presented as a malignant tumor in a 51-year-old woman, and include clinical and radiographic findings. The tumor was well circumscribed and composed of spindle cells in a collagenous stroma. Immunohistochemistry showed reactivity for vimentin, CD 34, BCL-2 protein and CD99. Immunohistochemical stains for cytokeratin, S-100, desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin and HMB-45 were negative. A diagnosis of SFT was made based on light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. PMID:17367473

  1. Primary malignant giant cell tumor of bone: "dedifferentiated" giant cell tumor.

    PubMed

    Meis, J M; Dorfman, H D; Nathanson, S D; Haggar, A M; Wu, K K

    1989-09-01

    Well documented examples of primary malignant giant cell tumor of bone (giant cell tumor and concurrent sarcoma arising de novo) are exceedingly rare in the literature. We report a case arising in the left ischium of a 44-yr-old man. He had no previous history of radiation therapy or multiple resections. Histologically, the tumor was a typical giant cell tumor of bone juxtaposed to a malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). The juxtaposition of a high grade sarcoma (MFH) and a locally aggressive nonmalignant neoplasm such as giant cell tumor is analogous to several other tumors of bone and soft tissue in which a low grade malignant or locally aggressive tumor can be associated with MFH or fibrosarcoma de novo, namely chondrosarcoma, chordoma, liposarcoma, and well differentiated intraosseous and parosteal osteosarcoma. The presence of a high grade malignant component in each of the aforementioned neoplasms generally portends a more ominous prognosis, although this is not invariably true. Recognition of the phenomenon of "dedifferentiation" (or tumor progression) in some bone tumors and sarcomas is important to ensure appropriate treatment. Distinction from secondary malignant giant cell tumors which are usually radiation induced is also important, since the latter have a much worse prognosis than those with dedifferentiation occurring de novo. PMID:2554283

  2. Liver tumors.

    PubMed

    Stringer, M D

    2000-11-01

    Liver tumors in children are rare, potentially complex, and encompass a broad spectrum of disease processes. Any age group may be affected, including the fetus. Most present with abdominal distension and/or a mass. Accurate preoperative diagnosis is usually possible using a combination of ultrasound scanning and cross-sectional imaging techniques (CT and/or MR), supplemented by liver biopsy and measurement of tumor markers. The most common benign tumors are hemangiomas, but mesenchymal hamartoma, focal nodular hyperplasia, and adenoma also are found. In Western countries, hepatoblastoma is the most common primary malignant liver tumor; disease-free survival is now possible in more than 80% of affected patients because of advances in combination chemotherapy, improved techniques of surgical resection, and the selective use of liver transplantation. In contrast, there has been less progress in the management of hepatocellular cancer, which still poses many therapeutic challenges. PMID:11112837

  3. Tumores cerebrales

    Cancer.gov

    Información del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer sobre el tratamiento de los tumores cerebrales, así como referencias a estudios clínicos, estadísticas y otros temas relacionados con estos tipos de cáncer.

  4. Tumor Grade

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a pathologist’s report about the visual and microscopic examination of tissue removed during a biopsy or other surgery. How are tumor grades classified? Grading systems differ depending on the type of cancer. In ...

  5. Pregnancy Tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Poor oral hygiene (not enough brushing, flossing or cleanings to remove food or plaque) Irritation of the ... of getting a pregnancy tumor. Have regular dental cleanings before you become pregnant. Visit the dentist very ...

  6. Wilms Tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a cure; tumors with "unfavorable" histology are more aggressive and difficult to cure. About 95% of Wilms ... of treatment. For example, a child with very aggressive disease should be given an intensive regimen of ...

  7. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the midesophagus.

    PubMed

    Goldin, Steven B; Osborne, Dana; Paidas, Charles; Iannello, Justin; Gilbert-Barness, Enid; Karl, Richard; Wilsey, Michael J

    2007-01-01

    An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMFT) is a rare entity that can arise in a multiplicity of organs including the lung, liver, and at any location within the gastrointestinal tract. Typically, an IMFT presents as a localized mass with clinical symptoms dependent upon its site of origin. IMFTs pathologically resemble a neoplastic process but are theorized to arise from an unknown inflammatory event. We present a case of a midesophageal IMFT in a 12-year-old female. PMID:18363157

  8. Liver tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D. Stringer

    2000-01-01

    Liver tumors in children are rare, potentially complex, and encompass a broad spectrum of disease processes. Any age group may be affected, including the fetus. Most present with abdominal distension and\\/or a mass. Accurate preoperative diagnosis is usually possible using a combination of ultrasound scanning and cross-sectional imaging techniques (CT and\\/or MR), supplemented by liver biopsy and measurement of tumor

  9. Brain Tumor Symptoms

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  10. Brain Tumor Risk Factors

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  11. Brain Tumor Diagnosis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  12. Brain Tumor Dictionary

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  13. Brain Tumor Surgery

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  14. American Brain Tumor Association

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  15. [Chemical hazards arising from shale gas extraction].

    PubMed

    Pakulska, Daria

    2015-01-01

    The development of the shale industry is gaining momentum and hence the analysis of chemical hazards to the environment and health of the local population is extreiely timely and important. Chemical hazards are created during the exploitation of all minerals, but in the case of shale gas production, there is much more uncertainty as regards to the effects of new technologies application. American experience suggests the increasing risk of environmental contamination, mainly groundwater. The greatest, concern is the incomplete knowledge of the composition of fluids used for fracturing shale rock and unpredictability of long-term effects of hydraulic fracturing for the environment and health of residents. High population density in the old continent causes the problem of chemical hazards which is much larger than in the USA. Despite the growing public discontent data on this subject are limited. First of all, there is no epidemiological studies to assess the relationship between risk factors, such as air and water pollution, and health effects in populations living in close proximity to gas wells. The aim of this article is to identify and discuss existing concepts on the sources of environmental contamination, an indication of the environment elements under pressure and potential health risks arising from shale gas extraction. PMID:26016049

  16. Solitary fibrous tumor of the intrathoracic goiter

    PubMed Central

    Vaziri, Mohammad; Molanaei, Saadat; Tamannaei, Zeinab

    2014-01-01

    Solitary Fibrous Tumors (SFTs) are rare primary pleural neoplasms which have recently been reported in extra-thoracic sites. In this report, solitary fibrous tumor arising in an intra-thoracic goiter with no evidence of cervical mass in a 74-year-old obese man who was found to have a large superior mediastinal mass with tracheal deviation on Chest X-Ray is presented. PMID:25405117

  17. Primary malignant rhabdoid tumor of the cerebellum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juan F. Martínez-Lage; Andrés Nieto; Joaquín Sola; Rosario Domingo; Trinidad R. Costa; Máximo Poza

    1997-01-01

    Malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) is a recently described variety of childhood renal neoplasm. MRT arising primarily in the\\u000a central nervous system (CNS) is still a rather unfamiliar pathological entity and is frequently misdiagnosed as medulloblastoma\\u000a or primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). We describe a 7-month-old boy who harbored a CNS-MRT that originated within the\\u000a IV ventricle and invaded the brain stem

  18. Molecular Imaging of Neuroendocrine Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Carrasquillo, Jorge A.; Chen, Clara C.

    2014-01-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from neuroendocrine cells. These tumors may arise from various organs, including lung, thymus, thyroid, stomach, duodenum, small bowel, large bowel, appendix, pancreas, adrenal, and skin. Most are well differentiated and have the ability to produce biogenic amines and various hormones. NET usually occur sporadically but they also be associated with various familial syndromes. For the vast majority of NET, surgical resection is the treatment of choice whenever feasible. Localization of NET prior to surgery and for staging and follow-up relies on both anatomic and functional imaging modalities. In fact, the unique secretory characteristics of these tumors lend themselves to imaging by molecular imaging modalities, which can target specific metabolic pathways or receptors. Neuroendocrine cells have a variety of such target receptors and pathways for which radiopharmaceuticals have been developed, including [123I/131I]-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), [ 111In]pentetreotide, [68Ga] somatostatin analogs, [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), [11C/18F] dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), [11C] 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) 99mTc pentavalent dimercaptosuccinic acid ([99mTc] (V) DMSA, and [18F] fluorodopamine (FDA). Here, we review the molecular imaging approaches for NET using various radiopharmaceuticals. PMID:21167384

  19. Apomictic embryo sac development in a diploid sorghum line and its derived polyploids 

    E-print Network

    Stover, Eddie Wayne

    1980-01-01

    . 8 64. 5 56. 5 83. 5 53. 2 66. 0 51. 6 60. 4 60. 9 61. 1 61. 4 63. 4 65. 7 67. 2 65. 2 56. 0 74. 7 13. 6 79. 0 22. 8 33. 6 25. 0 31. 3 15. 3 45. 8 33. 3 18. 5 80. 5 22. 5 2xWS 54. 0 s=8. 16 47. 5 s=2. 59 93. 6 R473A R...). Several other sorghum genotypes have been reported to display low levels of apomixis. One of these, a white seed mutant, was found to have 8 to 9% multiple embryo sacs at anthesis and produced 0. 3 to 14. 6X maternal-type plants from test crosses...

  20. \\\\due.uci.edu\\due\\Files\\SAC\\EAP\\FACULTY\\LangEvaluators.doc 9/18/13 EAP LANGUAGE EVALUATORS

    E-print Network

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    \\\\due.uci.edu\\due\\Files\\SAC\\EAP\\FACULTY\\LangEvaluators.doc 9/18/13 EAP LANGUAGE EVALUATORS The following faculty members have agreed to serve as EAP Language Evaluators. Before contacting a Language Evaluator, refer to the Language Evaluation instructions in your EAP application. LANGUAGE NAME NUMBER

  1. Evidence of the Most Stretchable Egg Sac Silk Stalk, of the European Spider of the Year Meta menardi

    E-print Network

    Buehler, Markus J.

    Evidence of the Most Stretchable Egg Sac Silk Stalk, of the European Spider of the Year Meta silks display generally strong mechanical properties, even if differences between species and within the same species can be observed. While many different types of silks have been tested, the mechanical

  2. Identification of genes potentially related to biomineralization and immunity by transcriptome analysis of pearl sac in pearl oyster Pinctada martensii.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Xiaoxia; Wang, Qingheng; Jiao, Yu; Huang, Ronglian; Deng, Yuewen; Wang, Huan; Du, Xiaodong

    2012-12-01

    Pearl oyster Pinctada martensii is cultured for production of pearl in China. It needs to implant a mantle graft cut from a donor oyster and a seed nucleus into the gonad of the host oyster to produce a pearl. Pearl sac surrounding the nucleus is formed by the proliferation of the implanted mantle graft from the outer mantle epithelial cells in the host oyster. The pearl sac is responsible for production of a cultured pearl. A comprehensive transcriptome analysis on pearl sac will help to understand the mechanism on pearl formation and immune response of host oyster after nucleus implantation. In the present study, 39,400,004 reads were produced from the pearl sac using RNA-sequence technology and then assembled into 102,762 unigenes. More than 22.4% of these unigenes were possibly involved in approximately 219 known signaling pathways. A total of 37,188 unigenes were annotated based on sequences similarities with known proteins. Fifty-one biomineralization-related unigenes and 268 immune-related unigenes were not previously detected in P. martensii. The un-annotated unigenes may be some genes specifically existed in P. martensii. These annotated or un-annotated unigenes in the present studies were valuable for the future investigation on molecular mechanism of pearl formation and immune response of the species. PMID:22351046

  3. Combined anti-solvent and cooling method of manufacturing indomethacin-saccharin (IMC-SAC) co-crystal powders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chun, Nan-Hee; Lee, Min-Jeong; Song, Geon-Hyung; Chang, Kwan-Young; Kim, Chang-Sam; Choi, Guang J.

    2014-12-01

    The anti-solvent approach has been demonstrated as one potential industrial method to produce pharmaceutical co-crystal powders with high purity. In this study, we combined the anti-solvent method with cooling to maximize the yield of the solution-based co-crystallization between indomethacin (IMC) and saccharin (SAC). The cooling start time was the key process parameter; other parameters were fixed based on results of preliminary work. Highly pure IMC-SAC co-crystal powders were produced via the combined method, regardless of the cooling start time, and the yield was substantially enhanced. However, some material properties, such as crystallinity and particle size, were affected by the cooling start time; i.e., whether cooling was started before nucleation (pre-nucleation cooling) or after nucleation (post-nucleation cooling). When pre-nucleation cooling was applied, a greater degree of supersaturation led to nucleation of ?-IMC and IMC-SAC together. The metastable ?-IMC eventually transitioned to stable IMC-SAC co-crystal particles, followed by crystal growth. When post-nucleation cooling was applied, the transient ?-IMC was not detected during the entire process.

  4. The Human First Trimester Gestational Sac Limits Rather than Facilitates Oxygen Transfer to the Foetus—A Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Jauniaux; B. Gulbis; G. J. Burton

    2003-01-01

    Oxygen (O2) free radicals are a potential teratologic threat to the foetal tissues and are known to be involved in the pathophysiology of common human pregnancy disorders such as miscarriage and pre-eclampsia. During the first two months of human gestation, the placenta surrounds the whole gestational sac, the villi contain only a few capillaries located mainly within the centre of

  5. sAC from aquatic organisms as a model to study the evolution of acid/base sensing.

    PubMed

    Tresguerres, Martin

    2014-12-01

    Soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) is poised to play multiple physiological roles as an acid/base (A/B) sensor in aquatic organisms. Many of these roles are probably similar to those in mammals; a striking example is the evolutionary conservation of a mechanism involving sAC, carbonic anhydrase and vacuolar H?-ATPase that acts as a sensor system and regulator of extracellular A/B in shark gills and mammalian epididymis and kidney. Additionally, the aquatic environment presents unique A/B and physiological challenges; therefore, sACs from aquatic organisms have likely evolved distinct kinetic properties as well as distinct physiological roles. sACs from aquatic organisms offer an excellent opportunity for studying the evolution of A/B sensing at both the molecular and whole organism levels. Moreover, this information could help understand and predict organismal responses to environmental stress based on mechanistic models.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "The Role of Soluble Adenylyl Cyclase in Health and Disease," guest edited by J. Buck and L. R. Levin. PMID:24971688

  6. The Plant Cell, Vol. 11, 11791190, June 1999, www.plantcell.org 1999 American Society of Plant Physiologists Sac3, an Snf1-like Serine/Threonine Kinase That Positively and

    E-print Network

    Physiologists Sac3, an Snf1-like Serine/Threonine Kinase That Positively and Negatively Regulates the Responses acid sequence of the Sac3 gene product is similar to the catalytic domain of the yeast Snf1 family of serine/threonine kinases and is therefore classified as a Snf1-related kinase (SnRK). Specifically, Sac3

  7. SIMON FRASER The Applied Research in Ichnology and Sedimentology (ARISE) Group (www.sfu.ca/arise) in the Department of

    E-print Network

    Dashtgard, Shahin

    SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY The Applied Research in Ichnology and Sedimentology (ARISE) Group (www.sfu.ca/arise) in the Department of Earth Sciences (www.sfu.ca/earth-sciences) at Simon Fraser University (SFU) is seeking

  8. Alpha-fetoprotein, prealbumin, albumin, alpha-1-antitrypsin and transferrin as diagnostic and therapeutic markers for endodermal sinus tumors.

    PubMed

    Tsuchida, Y; Kaneko, M; Yokomori, K; Saito, S; Urano, Y; Endo, Y; Asaka, T; Takeuchi, T

    1978-02-01

    According to Gitlin, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), albumin, prealbumin, alpha-1-antitrypsin and transferrin are normal products of the human yolk sac. They are expected to reappear in human endodermal sinus tumor (yolk sac tumor). The synthesis of alpha-fetoprotein and other serum proteins by human endodermal sinus tumor was studied in the culture cells and in the tumor tissue transplanted into nude mice. The results gave evidences of synthesis of some of these proteins including alpha-fetoprotein and alpha-1-antitrypsin. Serum concentrations of these proteins were studied in eight children having endodermal sinus tumors. Serum AFP levels were abnormally high in all cases, whereas concentrations of other serum proteins were almost within normal ranges. This might be simply reflected by the fact that pre-albumin, albumin, alpha-1-antitrypsin, and transferrin are already present in large quantities in sera of normal subjects while alpha-fetoprotein is present only in a negligible quantity. Alpha-fetoprotein, as a diagnostic and therapeutic marker of endodermal sinus tumor, showed good correlation to the tumor growth. Serum AFP concentrations declined almost to 0 ng/ml with a half-life of 4 days when surgical removal was complete, whereas serum AFP decreased only to 100-200 ng/ml with radiation and chemotherapy alone. PMID:75970

  9. Estrogen's Impact on Colon Tumor Formation

    E-print Network

    Tinsley, Kirby

    2010-07-14

    of tumor formation 17). This is shown by one of the most serious complications arising from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) being colorectal cancer (18). One area that more information is needed on is the possible effect E2 may have on tissue... inflammation in the colon. The inflammation being the cause of the cancer is shown through different characteristics of tumors in IBD patients vs. tumors in non-IBD patients (19). Other studies have demonstrated that E2 can reduce inflammation in cells...

  10. Canine hematopoietic tumors: diagnosis, treatment and complications

    SciTech Connect

    Weller, R.E.

    1986-02-01

    Canine hematopoietic tumors constitute a group of neoplasms that are frequently encountered in veterinary practice. Although common, they are also a diagnostically confusing group of tumors due to continued revision of their definition and classification. The confusion that arises from these changes presents the clinician with a perpetual challenge of diagnosis and therapy. Therapy of canine hematopoietic tumors has traditionally evolved from treatment of human patients with similar diseases, and in turn, these neoplasms have served as models for evaluating newer therapies for possible application in human patients. Methods of treatment have included chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, and hyperthermia. 9 tabs.

  11. Tiling array-CGH for the assessment of genomic similarities among synchronous unilateral and bilateral invasive breast cancer tumor pairs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara Brommesson; Göran Jönsson; Carina Strand; Dorthe Grabau; Per Malmström; Markus Ringnér; Mårten Fernö; Ingrid Hedenfalk

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Today, no objective criteria exist to differentiate between individual primary tumors and intra- or intermammary dissemination respectively, in patients diagnosed with two or more synchronous breast cancers. To elucidate whether these tumors most likely arise through clonal expansion, or whether they represent individual primary tumors is of tumor biological interest and may have clinical implications. In this respect, high

  12. Relative investment in egg load and poison sac in fig wasps: Implications for physiological mechanisms underlying seed and wasp production in figs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinson, Ellen O.; Jandér, K. Charlotte; Peng, Yan-Qiong; Chen, Huan-Huan; Machado, Carlos A.; Arnold, A. Elizabeth; Herre, Edward Allen

    2014-05-01

    Fig pollinating wasps and most non-pollinator wasps apply secretions from their poison sacs into oviposited flowers that appear necessary to the formation of the galls that their developing offspring consume. Thus, both eggs and poison sac secretions appear to be essential for wasp reproduction, but the relative investment in each is unknown. We measured relative investment in poison sac and egg production in pollinating and non-pollinating wasps associated with seven species of monoecious Panamanian figs representing both active and passive pollination syndromes. We then collected similar data for four fig hosts in China, where some wasp species in the genus Eupristina have lost the ability to pollinate ("cheaters"). All wasps examined possessed large poison sacs, and we found a strong positive correlation between poison sac size and absolute egg production. In the Panamanian species, the relative poison sac to egg investment was highest in the externally ovipositing non-pollinator wasps, followed by active pollinators, then by passive pollinators. Further, pollinator wasps of fig species with demonstrated host sanctions against "cheating" wasps showed higher investment in the poison sac than wasps of species without sanctions. In the Chinese samples, relative investment in the poison sac was indistinguishable between pollinators and "cheaters" associated with the same fig species. We suggest that higher relative investment in poison sac across fig wasp species reflects higher relative difficulty in initiating formation of galls and subsequently obtaining resources from the fig. We discuss the implications for the stability of the fig-wasp mutualism, and for the ability of non-pollinators to exploit this mutualism.

  13. Gastric Cancer Arising from an Upside-Down Stomach through a Paraesophageal Hiatal Hernia.

    PubMed

    Mimatsu, Kenji; Kano, Hisao; Oida, Takatsugu; Kawasaki, Atsushi; Fukino, Nobutada; Kida, Kazutoshi; Kuboi, Youichi; Amano, Sadao

    2014-01-01

    We report the rare case of an elderly patient with an advanced gastric cancer arising from an upside-down stomach through a paraesophageal hiatal hernia (PEH). An 82-year-old man presented with appetite loss and anemia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 1 tumor located in the middle body of the stomach. An upper gastrointestinal series and computed tomography showed organoaxial rotation of the stomach, which was located in the mediastinum, through a PEH, indicating an upside-down stomach. The preoperative diagnosis was gastric cancer arising from an upside-down stomach through a PEH. The patient underwent total gastrectomy with lymph node dissection and closure of the hernial orifice. Although a large PEH is a chronic disorder, gastric malignancies should be considered in patients with PEH manifested as an upside-down stomach due to its anatomical characteristics, and careful preoperative diagnosis is mandatory. PMID:24761138

  14. Epigenetic states of cells of origin and tumor evolution drive tumor-initiating cell phenotype and tumor heterogeneity.

    PubMed

    Chow, Kin-Hoe; Shin, Dong-Mi; Jenkins, Molly H; Miller, Emily E; Shih, David J; Choi, Seungbum; Low, Benjamin E; Philip, Vivek; Rybinski, Brad; Bronson, Roderick T; Taylor, Michael D; Yun, Kyuson

    2014-09-01

    A central confounding factor in the development of targeted therapies is tumor cell heterogeneity, particularly in tumor-initiating cells (TIC), within clinically identical tumors. Here, we show how activation of the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) pathway in neural stem and progenitor cells creates a foundation for tumor cell evolution to heterogeneous states that are histologically indistinguishable but molecularly distinct. In spontaneous medulloblastomas that arise in Patched (Ptch)(+/-) mice, we identified three distinct tumor subtypes. Through cell type-specific activation of the SHH pathway in vivo, we determined that different cells of origin evolved in unique ways to generate these subtypes. Moreover, TICs in each subtype had distinct molecular and cellular phenotypes. At the bulk tumor level, the three tumor subtypes could be distinguished by a 465-gene signature and by differential activation levels of the ERK and AKT pathways. Notably, TICs from different subtypes were differentially sensitive to SHH or AKT pathway inhibitors, highlighting new mechanisms of resistance to targeted therapies. In summary, our results show how evolutionary processes act on distinct cells of origin to contribute to tumoral heterogeneity, at both bulk tumor and TIC levels. PMID:25136069

  15. Primary bronchial granular cell tumor in an adult male.

    PubMed

    Kim, Ho Jin; An, Soyeon; Kim, Hyeong Ryul

    2014-04-01

    We report a rare case of granular cell tumor arising in the left lower lobe (LLL) bronchus with secondary obstructive change in a 60-year-old male. The patient was found to have a nodule in the LLL on a computed tomography scan, three months prior to his presentation to the Asan Medical Center. Bronchoscopic biopsies revealed a granular cell tumor. After undergoing LLL lobectomy with bronchoplasty, the patient has not experienced any tumor recurrence. PMID:24782979

  16. IMAGING DIAGNOSIS-USE OF RADIOGRAPHY AND COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF A MINERALIZED YOLK SAC IN A BROWN KIWI (APTERYX MANTELLI).

    PubMed

    Wightman, Paul; Cohen, Eli B; Hunter, Stuart; Gartrell, Brett

    2015-07-01

    A 12-day-old Brown Kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) was presented with anorexia, torticollis, head-tilt, and coelomic distension. Radiographs showed an ill-defined, fat-opaque, coelomic mass displacing viscera craniodorsally. Curvilinear mineral opacities were superimposed over the ventral aspect of the mass. Computed tomography demonstrated the presence of mineral within the periphery of a fat attenuating mass consistent with a retained yolk sac. A deutectomy (yolk sac excision) was performed. Histopathology of the excised tissue confirmed the diagnosis of a retained yolk sac with multifocal mineralization. PMID:25199884

  17. Melanoma arising on a scar 10 years after a burn: management and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ribero, Simone; Grassi, Marcella; Caliendo, Virginia; Lauro, Danilo; Macripò, Giuseppe

    2012-07-01

    We report a case of a melanoma arising after about 10 years after a burn injury. This is an uncommon example of a carcinogenetic event that could be prevented or diagnosed early. Usually, the mutagenic event clinically appears many years after the burn especially if it was not treated correctly with a careful surgical approach. The average time of latency could be found in literature as 46.5 years from the burn, whereas our case was only 10. A frequent and very long follow-up of the burn scars could represent a valid prophylactic option to avoid neoplastic proliferation if the tumor appears. PMID:22627497

  18. Lung squamous cell carcinoma arising in a patient with adult-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.

    PubMed

    Hasegawa, Yukihiro; Sato, Nobuyuki; Niikawa, Hiromichi; Kamata, Satoshi; Sannohe, Seiya; Kurotaki, Hidekachi; Sasaki, Taisuke; Ebina, Akio

    2013-01-01

    A 75-year-old male was admitted to our hospital in December 2011 with a mass in the right upper pulmonary lobe. He was incidentally diagnosed as having tracheal papillomas 10 years ago. Bronchoscopy revealed multiple polypoid papillomas in the dorsal lesion of the trachea. Polymerase chain reaction amplification detected human papillomavirus type 11 DNA in the papilloma tissues. A computed tomography scan demonstrated the occlusion of the right superior segment bronchus with distal consolidation. Furthermore, F-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography showed intense tracer uptake in the right superior segment of the lung. He underwent a right upper lobectomy. The tumor was seen as a rounded nodule, ? 2 cm in diameter. Histological examination of the tumor revealed squamous papilloma with papillary and solid architecture surrounded by accumulation of acute inflammatory cells. Furthermore, in a part of the tumor, squamous cell carcinoma was also present. The lymph nodes were free of tumor. After the surgery, he continued to undergo endoscopic microwave resection. Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is a rare disease that can cause life-threatening airway compromise and malignant transformation. The present case indicates that F-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography is indispensable for early detection of lung cancer arising in a patient with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. PMID:23110763

  19. Results and validation of marine surface wind speed obtained from SAC-D/Aquarius MWR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tauro, C. B.; Etala, P.; Echevarría, P.; Hejazin, Y.; Jacob, M. M.; Jones, L.

    2012-12-01

    MWR (MicroWave Radiometer) is a radiometer on board SAC-D/Aquarius satellite, launched in June 2011. The SAC-D/Aquarius science mission was developed jointly by the Nacional Space Agency of Argentina (CONAE, Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of USA (NASA), that focuses on understanding the interaction between the global water cycle, ocean circulation and climate by measuring sea surface salinity. MWR is a three channel push broom, Dicke radiometer, that has 16 beams, 8 forward-looking at 36.5 GHz (in vertical and horizontal polarization) and 8 aft-looking at 23.8 GHz (in horizontal polarization), with a swath of approximately 380 Km. The beams are arranged to have two incidence angles, one of 52° (odd beams) and one of 58° (even beams) for both forward and aft-looks. Since recently, CONAE with collaboration of CFRSL (Central Florida Remote Sensing Laboratory), are generating geophysical parameters, all over the sea surface, using brightness temperature measurements from MWR. These parameters include columnar water vapor, wind speed, sea ice concentration and rain rate, which are ancillary data for the Aquarius salinity measurements. We present in this paper the first results of wind speed over the sea, obtained using the MWR data. The wind speed retrieval algorithm is based on the microwave radiative transfer theory by Wentz [1]. The algorithm developed uses MWR brigthness temperature at 36.5 GHz in both polarizations and sea surface temperature obtained from GDAS. As a result, the neutral stability ocean surface wind speed at 10 m height and the atmospheric trasnmissivity at 36.5 GHz are retrieved. In addition, a validation process in collaboration with the Naval Hydrographic Service of Argentina (SHN) has started. The final goal of this on-going work is to assess the quality of MWR wind data in conjunction with surface wind observations from other sources in a data assimilation system. At this first stage, MWR and WindSat collocated wind speed observations are analyzed. Here we show the preliminary validation statistics and considerations on possible sources of discrepancies and the room for improvements. [1] F.J.Wentz, "Measurements of oceanic wind speed vector using satellite microwave radiometer", IEEE Transaction on Geoscience Remote Sensing, vol. 30, pp.960-972, Sep. 1992.

  20. [Malignant nail tumors].

    PubMed

    Haneke, E

    2014-04-01

    Because of the large number of different tissues making up the distal phalanx of fingers and toes, a large variety of malignant tumors can be found in and around the nail apparatus. Bowen disease is probably the most frequent nail malignancy. It is usually seen as a verrucous plaque of the nail fold and nail bed in persons above the age of 40 years. It slowly grows over a period of years or even decades before degenerating to an invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The latter may also occur primarily often as a weeping onycholysis. The next most frequent nail malignancy is ungual melanoma. Those arising from the matrix are usually pigmented and often start with a longitudinal melanonychia whereas those originating from the nail bed remain amelanotic, are often nodular and mistaken for an ingrown nail in an elderly person. The treatment of choice for in situ and early invasive subungual melanomas is generous extirpation of the nail apparatus whereas distal amputation is only indicated for advanced melanomas. In addition to these frequent nail malignancies, nail-specific carcinomas, malignant vascular and osseous tumors, other sarcomas, nail involvement in malignant systemic disorders and metastases may occur. In most cases, they cannot be diagnosed accurately on clinical grounds. Therefore, a high degree of suspicion is necessary in all isolated or single-digit proliferations that do not respond to conservative treatment. PMID:24718507

  1. Anesthetic management of carotid body tumor excision: A case report and brief review

    PubMed Central

    Karigar, Shivanand L.; Kunakeri, Sangamesh; Shetti, Akshaya N.

    2014-01-01

    Carotid body tumor (CBT) is a rare tumor, which arises at bifurcation of carotid artery from chemoreceptor cells. These cells sense the partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide from the blood. Hence, carotid body plays an important role in the control of ventilation during hypoxia, hypercapnia, and acidosis. The tumor arising from these cells is benign and has tendency to turn out malignant. This tumor is found in persons who live at high altitudes. Removal of tumor poses several anesthetic challenges and perioperative morbidity or mortality. We report successful anesthetic management of CBT excision. PMID:25886240

  2. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the rectum: report of a case and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of perivascular epithelioid cell tumor arising in the rectum of a 55-year-old woman. The tumor was treated by transanal endoscopic microsurgery. After 1 year follow-up, the patient is alive with no radiologic or endoscopic evidence of recurrence. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor is a rare mesenchymal tumor characterized by co-expression of melanocytic and smooth muscle markers. This rare tumor can arise in various organs, including the falciform ligament, uterus, uterine cervix, liver, kidney, lung, breast, cardiac septum, pancreas, prostate, thigh, and gastrointestinal tract. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the gastrointestinal tract is very rare, with only 23 previously reported cases. We review the literature on perivascular epithelioid cell tumors arising in the gastrointestinal tract. PMID:24410788

  3. Linac-based stereotactic body radiation therapy for treatment of glomus jugulare tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rodney E. Wegner; Kenneth D. Rodriguez; Dwight E. Heron; Barry E. Hirsch; Robert L. Ferris; Steven A. Burton

    2010-01-01

    Background: Glomus jugulare tumors are rare, typically benign, tumors that arise from the neural crest cells that are associated with the autonomic ganglia in and around the jugular bulb. Treatment options for glomus jugulare tumors include embolization followed by resection, fractionated external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and\\/or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). Materials and methods: 18 patients

  4. Osteopontin expression in ovarian carcinomas and tumors of low malignant potential (LMP)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dina G Tiniakos; Helen Yu; Helen Liapis

    1998-01-01

    Expression of osteopontin (OPN) by ovarian tumors is not known. Neoplasms arising from the ovarian epithelium are distinguished in adenocarcinomas and borderline tumors (LMPs), which overall have a favorable prognosis even with omental implants. Tissues from primary ovarian tumors and their metastases from 30 patients (16 LMPs and 14 adenocarcinomas) were evaluated for OPN expression by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and

  5. tumor therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tatsuhiro Joki; Marcelle Machluf; Anthony Atala; Jianhong Zhu; Nicholas T. Seyfried; Ian F. Dunn; Toshiaki Abe; Rona S. Carroll

    Research studies suggest that tumor-related angiogenesis contributes to the phenotype of malignant gliomas. We assessed the effect of local delivery of the angiogenesis inhibitor endostatin on human glioma cell line (U-87MG) xenografts. Baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells were stably transfected with a human endostatin (hES) expression vector and were encapsulated in alginate-poly L-lysine (PLL) micro- capsules for long-term delivery of

  6. Biased estimates of clonal evolution and subclonal heterogeneity can arise from PCR duplicates in deep sequencing experiments.

    PubMed

    Smith, Erin N; Jepsen, Kristen; Khosroheidari, Mahdieh; Rassenti, Laura Z; D'Antonio, Matteo; Ghia, Emanuela M; Carson, Dennis A; Jamieson, Catriona Hm; Kipps, Thomas J; Frazer, Kelly A

    2014-01-01

    Accurate allele frequencies are important for measuring subclonal heterogeneity and clonal evolution. Deep-targeted sequencing data can contain PCR duplicates, inflating perceived read depth. Here we adapted the Illumina TruSeq Custom Amplicon kit to include single molecule tagging (SMT) and show that SMT-identified duplicates arise from PCR. We demonstrate that retention of PCR duplicate reads can imply clonal evolution when none exists, while their removal effectively controls the false positive rate. Additionally, PCR duplicates alter estimates of subclonal heterogeneity in tumor samples. Our method simplifies PCR duplicate identification and emphasizes their removal in studies of tumor heterogeneity and clonal evolution. PMID:25103687

  7. The effect of temperature on embryonic and yolk-sac larval development in the burbot Lota lota.

    PubMed

    Lahnsteiner, F; Kletzl, M; Weismann, T

    2012-08-01

    The present study investigated the effect of various temperature regimes on embryonic and yolk-sac larval development of the burbot Lota lota. At constant temperature regimes a high percentage of ready-to-hatch embryos, hatched larvae and normally shaped larvae was observed at the lowest temperature (2° C), which significantly decreased with increasing temperatures (4 and 6° C). No larvae hatched at 9° C. The stream temperature regime had no effect on the percentage of ready-to-hatch embryos, but significantly decreased the percentage of hatched larvae and of normally shaped larvae. The lake temperature regime did not affect the viability variables. Also an abrupt temperature increase from 2 to 4° C after 8 days and from 2 to 9° C after 48 days had no effect on the evaluated viability variables. For yolk-sac larvae no temperature related mortalities or abnormalities were observed between 2 and 9° C. PMID:22880731

  8. Motor control of sound frequency in birdsong involves the interaction between air sac pressure and labial tension

    PubMed Central

    Alonso, Rodrigo; Goller, Franz; Mindlin, Gabriel B.

    2014-01-01

    Frequency modulation is a salient acoustic feature of birdsong. Its control is usually attributed to the activity of syringeal muscles, which affect the tension of the labia responsible for sound production. We use experimental and theoretical tools to test the hypothesis that for birds producing tonal sounds such as domestic canaries (Serinus canaria), frequency modulation is determined by both the syringeal tension and the air sac pressure. For different models, we describe the structure of the isofrequency curves, which are sets of parameters leading to sounds presenting the same fundamental frequencies. We show how their shapes determine the relative roles of syringeal tension and air sac pressure in frequency modulation. Finally, we report experiments that allow us to unveil the features of the isofrequency curves. PMID:24730873

  9. Percutaneous discal cyst rupture in a professional football player using sublaminar epidural injection for thecal sac displacement.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Michael V; Park, Andrew; Bumpass, David; Jennings, Jack W; Matava, Matthew J

    2015-01-01

    A case of percutaneous discal cyst rupture in a 25-year-old professional American football player is reported. The patient presented with a 3-day history of severe left-sided back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging examination demonstrated a discal cyst effacing the left L4-L5 lateral recess, with interposed thecal sac. A sublaminar epidural injection was performed displacing the thecal sac, exposing the discal cyst, and allowing for percutaneous perforation. The patient had complete resolution of symptoms after discal cyst rupture and was able to compete in a professional football game 3 days later. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous rupture is a therapeutic modality that may be considered for treatment of a symptomatic discal cyst. PMID:25541445

  10. Implantation of metastatic mucinous adenocarcinoma in the hernial sac: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Men, Siye; Xue, Wusong; Yu, Wen; Liu, Yuyue; Liu, Huiliang; Zhang, Shaohui; Liu, Baoqing; Wu, Wei; Yang, Chengcheng

    2015-01-01

    Malignant tumors may appear in inguinal hernias. We report a rare case of a metastatic mucinous adenocarcinoma in the inguinal canal in a patient presenting clinically with an inguinal hernia. The clinical details, histological findings and surgical management were described.

  11. Mass-marking of otoliths of lake trout sac fry by temperature manipulation

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bergstedt, R.A.; Eshenroder, R.L.; Bowen, C. II; Seelye, J.G.; Locke, J.C.

    1990-01-01

    The otoliths of 676,000 sac fry of lake trout Salvelinus namaycush in 1986, and of 1,100,000 in 1987, were marked by daily manipulation of water temperature. The fish were stocked into Lake Huron in the spring. Otolith marks consisted of groups of daily growth rings accentuated into recognizable patterns by steadily raising and lowering the temperature about IOA?C (from a base of 1-4A?C) over 14h. In 1987, groups of marked and control fish were held for 6 months. The otoliths were removed from samples of the fish, embedded in epoxy, thin-sectioned by grinding in the sagittal plane, etched, and viewed by using a combination of a compound microscope (400-1000x) and a video enhancement system. One or more readable otolith sections were obtained from 39 of a sample of 40 fish. Three independent readers examined 41 otoliths for marks and correctly classified the otoliths, with accuracies of 85, 98,and 100%, as being from marked or unmarked fish. The exact number of rings in a recognizable pattern sometimes differed from the number of temperature cycles to which the fish were exposed. Counts of daily rings within groups of six rings varied less than counts within groups of three rings.

  12. Mass-marking of otoliths of lake trout sac fry by temperature manipulation

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bergstedt, Roger A.; Eshenroder, Randy L.; Bowen, Charles; Seelye, James G.; Locke, Jeffrey C.

    1990-01-01

    The otoliths of 676,000 sac fry of lake trout Salvelinus namaycush in 1986, and of 1,100,000 in 1987, were marked by daily manipulation of water temperature. The fish were stocked into Lake Huron in the spring. Otolith marks consisted of groups of daily growth rings accentuated into recognizable patterns by steadily raising and lowering the temperature about 10 degrees C (from a base of 1-4 degrees C) over 14 h. In 1987, groups of marked and control fish were held for 6 months. The otoliths were removed from samples of the fish, embedded in epoxy, thin sectioned by grinding in the sagittal plane, etched, and viewed by using a combination of a compound microscope (400-1000x) and a video enhancement system. One or more readable otolith sections were obtained from 39 of a sample of 40 fish. Three independent readers examined 41 otoliths for marks and correctly classified the otoliths, with accuracies of 85, 98, and 100%, as being from marked or unmarked fish. The exact number of rings in a recognizable pattern sometimes differed from the number of temperature cycles to which the fish were exposed. Counts of daily rings within groups of six rings varied less than counts within groups of rings.

  13. Investigating the Physical Basis of Aquarius/SAC-D Salinity Retrievals' Regional SST Bias

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scott, J. P.; Meissner, T.; Wentz, F. J.

    2014-12-01

    Sea-surface temperature (SST) plays an important, and yet to be fully understood, role in sea-surface sailinty (SSS) retrievals. The Version-3 release of Aquarius/SAC-D salinity retrievals applied an empirically derived adjustment to SSS that is a function of SST. This adjustment was derived after noticing regional salinity biases relative to modeled and in situ salinity observations. These SSS biases correlate well with climatological SST maps. While the ?SSS(SST) adjustment has already been implemented in the ADPS standard processing, there is great value in determining the physical basis of this bias adjustment. Understanding the root causes of this adjustment will enable improved Aquarius's salinity retrievals, as well as ensure that no true SSS-SST correlations or variability are being removed by the adjustment. There are several factors contributing to the ?SSS(SST) adjustment, which may be classified into direct, correlated, and indirect effects. Direct effects include the dependence of the sea-water dielectric constant on SST and the dependence of the roughness model on SST. Correlated effects include a small mis-modeling of the atmospheric oxygen absorption, which correlates with SST. Indirect effects include other errors sources such as reflected galactic radiation and RFI that produce ocean-basin-wide anomalies that are being misinterpreted as an SST effect. This presentation will demonstrate how the ?SSS(SST) adjustment was derived, as well as present our findings regarding the physical basis of this adjustment.

  14. Glucose transport into everted sacs of the small intestine of mice.

    PubMed

    Hamilton, Kirk L; Butt, A Grant

    2013-12-01

    The Na(+)-glucose cotransporter is a key transport protein that is responsible for absorbing Na(+) and glucose from the luminal contents of the small intestine and reabsorption by the proximal straight tubule of the nephron. Robert K. Crane originally described the cellular model of absorption of Na(+) and glucose by a "cotransport process" in 1960. Over the past 50+ yr, numerous groups have tested and verified Crane's hypothesis. Eventually, Wright and colleagues cloned the Na(+)-glucose cotransporter (SGLT1; the product of the SLC5A1 gene) in 1987. This article provides a "hands-on" laboratory exercise using the everted mouse jejunal preparation (everted sac) that allows students to investigate various components of the Na(+)-glucose cotransport absorptive cell model (e.g., Na(+) dependence of SGLT1, inhibition of SGLT1, and inhibition of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase). Additionally, the laboratory exercise includes a case-based study of glucose-galactose malabsorption in which the students conduct an internet search and participate in a small-group discussion during the laboratory period to better understand the basic principles and functions of the Na(+)-glucose absorptive process of the small intestine. This laboratory exercise was introduced into the second-year undergraduate physiology curriculum in 2008, and >850 physiology students have participated in this laboratory exercise. The students have produced very robust and reproducible data that clearly illustrate the theory of the cellular model for Na(+)-glucose absorption by the jejunum. PMID:24292921

  15. [An implantable micro-device using wireless power transmission for measuring aortic aneurysm sac pressure].

    PubMed

    Guo, Xudong; Ge, Bin; Wang, Wenxing

    2013-08-01

    In order to detect endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), we developed an implantable micro-device based on wireless power transmission to measure aortic aneurysm sac pressure. The implantable micro-device is composed of a miniature wireless pressure sensor, an energy transmitting coil, a data recorder and a data processing platform. Power transmission without interconnecting wires is performed by a transmitting coil and a receiving coil. The coupling efficiency of wireless power transmission depends on the coupling coefficient between the transmitting coil and the receiving coil. With theoretical analysis and experimental study, we optimized the geometry of the receiving coil to increase the coupling coefficient. In order to keep efficiency balance and satisfy the maximizing conditions, we designed a closed loop power transmission circuit, including a receiving voltage feedback module based on wireless communication. The closed loop improved the stability and reliability of transmission energy. The prototype of the micro-device has been developed and the experiment has been performed. The experiments showed that the micro-device was feasible and valid. For normal operation, the distance between the transmitting coil and the receiving coil is smaller than 8cm. Besides, the distance between the micro-device and the data recorder is within 50cm. PMID:24059044

  16. Effect of Gold Content on the Microstructural Evolution of SAC305 Solder Joints Under Isothermal Aging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Powers, Mike; Pan, Jianbiao; Silk, Julie; Hyland, Patrick

    2012-02-01

    Au over Ni on Cu is a widely used printed circuit board (PCB) surface finish, under bump metallization (UBM), and component lead metallization. It is generally accepted that less than 3 wt.% Au in Sn-Pb solder joints inhibits formation of detrimental intermetallic compounds (IMC). However, the critical limit for Au content in Pb-free solder joints is not well established. Three surface-mount package platforms, one with a matte Sn surface finish and the others with Ni/Au finish, were soldered to Ni/Au-finished PCB using Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu (SAC305) solder, in a realistic manufacturing setting. The assembled boards were divided into three groups: one without any thermal treatment, one subjected to isothermal aging at 125°C for 30 days, and the third group aged at 125°C for 56 days. Representative solder joints were cross-sectioned and analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) to investigate the evolution of the solder joint morphology as a function of Au content and isothermal aging. It was found that, if Cu is available to dissolve in the solder joint, the migration of AuSn4 from the bulk to the interface as a result of thermal aging is mitigated.

  17. Support to Aviation Control Service (SACS): an online service for near-real-time satellite monitoring of volcanic plumes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brenot, H.; Theys, N.; Clarisse, L.; van Geffen, J.; van Gent, J.; Van Roozendael, M.; van der A, R.; Hurtmans, D.; Coheur, P.-F.; Clerbaux, C.; Valks, P.; Hedelt, P.; Prata, F.; Rasson, O.; Sievers, K.; Zehner, C.

    2014-05-01

    Volcanic eruptions emit plumes of ash and gases into the atmosphere, potentially at very high altitudes. Ash-rich plumes are hazardous for airplanes as ash is very abrasive and easily melts inside their engines. With more than 50 active volcanoes per year and the ever-increasing number of commercial flights, the safety of airplanes is a real concern. Satellite measurements are ideal for monitoring global volcanic activity and, in combination with atmospheric dispersion models, to track and forecast volcanic plumes. Here we present the Support to Aviation Control Service (SACS, sacs.aeronomie.be/ecosystem"_target="blank">http://sacs.aeronomie.be/ecosystem), which is a free online service initiated by the European Space Agency (ESA) for the near-real-time (NRT) satellite monitoring of volcanic plumes of SO2 and ash. It combines data from three ultraviolet (UV)-visible and three infrared (IR) spectrometers. The UV-vis sensors are the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2 (GOME-2) on-board the two polar orbiting meteorological satellites (MetOp-A & MetOp-B) operated by the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). The IR sensors are the Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder (AIRS) and the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) on-board MetOp-A & MetOp-B. This new multi-sensor warning system of volcanic emissions is based on the selective detection of SO2 and ash. This system is optimised to avoid false alerts while at the same time limiting the number of notifications in case of large plumes. A successful rate with more than 95% of notifications corresponding to true volcanic activity is obtained by the SACS system.

  18. Does Additional Discectomy and the Degree of Dural Sac Compression Influence the Outcome of Decompressive Surgery for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. F. Aliashkevich; R. A. Kristof; J. Schramm; D. Brechtelsbauer

    1999-01-01

    Summary  ¶?The discussion regarding factors that reliably predict the long-term surgical results in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis\\u000a is still going on. This retrospective study analyses the relation between the dimensions of the dural sac and patients' clinical\\u000a status before and after decompressive operations performed with or without additional discectomy.\\u000a \\u000a ?The type of surgery performed in 134 patients and the dural

  19. A Semi-Distributed Hydrologic Model for Stream Flow Simulation Using the Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting Model (SAC-SMA)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khakbaz, B.; Hsu, K.; Sorooshian, S.

    2007-12-01

    Distributed hydrologic modeling is currently viewed as a potential pathway to improve streamflow simulations regarding the sensitivity of runoff predictions to spatial and temporal variability of precipitation, land use, and soil properties. The US National Weather Service (NWS) started Distributed Model Intercomparison Project (DMIP) to guide NWS's distributed modeling research. In our participation of DMIP-2 activity, a semi-distributed version of the Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting Model (SAC-SMA) was used to conduct hourly streamflow simulations. This model uses sub-basins as the computational elements of rainfall-runoff modeling. Each sub-basin consists of a lumped SAC-SMA to generate the response components of the runoff. Fast response components are routed over the hillslopes using the unit hydrograph of the sub-basin outlet. Slow response components bypass the hillslopes and are added directly to the sub-basin outlet. Then, a sub-basin-to-sub-basin channel routing is done using kinematic wave routing method. The Illinois River basin at South of Siloam Spring, AR is chosen as the study test basin. Eleven years of grid-based multi-sensor (NEXRAD+gauge) precipitation dataset are used for the calibration and verification periods. Weekly adjustment factors to account for vegetation type and cover are estimated using Global Vegetation Fraction (GVF) product from NOAA/NESDIS/STAR to produce PET demand for the watershed modeling. Several calibration scenarios are tested using the Shuffled Complex Evolution Method (Duan et al, 1992) and Multi Step Automatic Calibration Scheme (Hogue et al, 2000). Results of different calibration scenarios, besides simulations of a priori parameters of the SAC-SMA model (Koren et al, 2000) are shown. The results show that the semi-distributed version of the SAC-SMA has the potential to improve the streamflow simulations.

  20. Percutaneous treatment of an infected aneurysmal sac secondary to aortoesophageal fistula with a history of stent-graft treatment for thoracic aortic aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Numan, Furuzan; Gulsen, Fatih; Cantasdemir, Murat; Solak, Serdar; Arbatli, Harun

    2012-06-01

    A 68-year-old man who was subjected to stent-grafting of a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) 4 months previously was admitted to our hospital with constitutional symptoms, including high fever, sweating, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and backache. An infected aneurysmal sac was suspected based on computed tomography (CT) findings, and an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) was identified during esophagoscopy. CT-guided aspiration was performed using a 20-G Chiba needle, confirming the presence of infection. For treatment of the infected aneurysmal sac, CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage in a prone position was performed under general anesthesia with left endobronchial intubation. Drainage catheter insertion was successfully performed using the Seldinger technique, which is not a standard treatment of an infected aneurysmal sac. Improvement in the patient's clinical condition was observed at follow-ups, and CT showed total regression of the collection in the aneurysmal sac. PMID:21853382

  1. Percutaneous Treatment of an Infected Aneurysmal Sac Secondary to Aortoesophageal Fistula with a History of Stent-Graft Treatment for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Numan, Furuzan, E-mail: drfgulsen@yahoo.com; Gulsen, Fatih; Cantasdemir, Murat; Solak, Serdar [Istanbul University, Department of Interventional Radiology, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine (Turkey); Arbatli, Harun [Maltepe University, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine (Turkey)

    2012-06-15

    A 68-year-old man who was subjected to stent-grafting of a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) 4 months previously was admitted to our hospital with constitutional symptoms, including high fever, sweating, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and backache. An infected aneurysmal sac was suspected based on computed tomography (CT) findings, and an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) was identified during esophagoscopy. CT-guided aspiration was performed using a 20-G Chiba needle, confirming the presence of infection. For treatment of the infected aneurysmal sac, CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage in a prone position was performed under general anesthesia with left endobronchial intubation. Drainage catheter insertion was successfully performed using the Seldinger technique, which is not a standard treatment of an infected aneurysmal sac. Improvement in the patient's clinical condition was observed at follow-ups, and CT showed total regression of the collection in the aneurysmal sac.

  2. Laparoscopic treatment of complete obliteration of the cul-de-sac associated with endometriosis: long-term follow-up of en bloc resection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David B. Redwine; Jeremy T. Wright

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate symptom relief following a laparoscopic technique designed for treatment of complete obliteration of the cul-de-sac associated with endometriosis, with fertility preserved.Design: Preoperative and postoperative questionnaire study of a cohort of patients with complete obliteration of the cul-de-sac undergoing a standardized laparoscopic surgical treatment.Setting: American tertiary referral center for the surgical treatment of endometriosis.Patients: Eighty-four consecutive patients undergoing

  3. Gamma-Secretase Inhibitor RO4929097 in Treating Young Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors, CNS Tumors, Lymphoma, or T-Cell Leukemia

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2014-11-04

    Childhood Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor; Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma; Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor; Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor; Childhood Craniopharyngioma; Childhood Ependymoblastoma; Childhood Grade I Meningioma; Childhood Grade II Meningioma; Childhood Grade III Meningioma; Childhood Infratentorial Ependymoma; Childhood Medulloepithelioma; Childhood Mixed Glioma; Childhood Oligodendroglioma; Childhood Supratentorial Ependymoma; Gonadotroph Adenoma; Pituitary Basophilic Adenoma; Pituitary Chromophobe Adenoma; Pituitary Eosinophilic Adenoma; Prolactin Secreting Adenoma; Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma; Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Pineoblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Childhood Spinal Cord Neoplasm; Recurrent Childhood Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway Glioma; Recurrent Pituitary Tumor; Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma; T-cell Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; TSH Secreting Adenoma; Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

  4. 32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

  5. 32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

  6. 32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

  7. 32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

  8. 32 CFR 537.19 - Demands arising from maritime claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Demands arising from maritime claims. 537.19 Section 537.19 National Defense...BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.19 Demands arising from maritime claims. (a) It is essential that Army...

  9. Spitz nevus arising upon a congenital glomuvenous malformation.

    PubMed

    Arica, Deniz A; Arica, Ibrahim E; Yayli, Savas; Cobanoglu, Umit; Akay, Bengu N; Anadolu, Rana; Bahadir, Sevgi

    2013-01-01

    There are several reports of the collision of vascular and pigmentary anomalies (e.g., phakomatosis pigmentovascularis) and the association between congenital melanocytic nevi and infantile hemangiomas. We report a case of Spitz nevus arising in skin overlying a congenital plaque-like glomuvenous malformation (GVM). This is the first report of a Spitz nevus arising in direct contiguity to a GVM. PMID:22304367

  10. A giant subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma arising in the inguinal region

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kazuhito Yajima; Yoshio Shirai; Nobuhiro Fujita; Daisuke Sato; Hajime Umezu; Katsuyoshi Hatakeyama

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma is a rare condition that accounts for 1% to 2% of all superficial soft tissue malignancies. Approximately 10% of cases arise in the trunk, although the extremities are the most commonly affected. CASE PRESENTATION: We report herein the case of a 31-year-old man with a subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma, measuring 124 × 105 mm, arising in the left inguinal

  11. Sonic hedgehog-associated medulloblastoma arising from the cochlear nuclei of the brainstem.

    PubMed

    Grammel, Daniel; Warmuth-Metz, Monika; von Bueren, André O; Kool, Marcel; Pietsch, Torsten; Kretzschmar, Hans A; Rowitch, David H; Rutkowski, Stefan; Pfister, Stefan M; Schüller, Ulrich

    2012-04-01

    Medulloblastoma is a malignant brain tumor of childhood that comprises at least four molecularly distinct subgroups. We have previously described that cerebellar granule neuron precursors may give rise to the subgroup with a molecular fingerprint of Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling. Other recent data indicate that precursor cells within the dorsal brain stem may serve as cellular origins for Wnt-associated medulloblastomas. To see whether Shh-associated medulloblastomas are also able to develop in the dorsal brainstem, we analyzed two lines of transgenic mice with constitutive Shh signaling in hGFAP- and Math1-positive brainstem precursor populations, respectively. Our results show that in both of these lines, medulloblastomas arise from granule neuron precursors of the cochlear nuclei, a derivative of the auditory lower rhombic lip. This region is distinct from derivatives of precerebellar lower rhombic lip where medulloblastomas arise in mice with constitutive-active Wnt signaling. With respect to their histology and the expression of appropriate markers, Shh tumors from the murine cochlear nuclei perfectly resemble human Shh-associated medulloblastomas. Moreover, we find that in a series of 63 human desmoplastic medulloblastomas, 21 (33%) have a very close contact to the cochlear nuclei on MR imaging. In conclusion, we demonstrate that precursors of the murine rhombic lip, which either develop into cerebellar or into cochlear granule neurons, may give rise to Shh-associated medulloblastoma, and this has important implications for the cellular origin of human medulloblastomas. PMID:22349907

  12. ADRENOCORTICAL TUMORS

    PubMed Central

    Shelton, E. Kost

    1950-01-01

    Hormonally active tumors of the adrenal cortex are either benign adenomas or adenocarcinomas. They may be located within the adrenal gland or as adrenal rests along the Wolffian tract. Hyperplastic cortical tissue without actual neoplastic formation is also capable of elaborating excessive cortical secretions. At the present state of knowledge, any one or a combination of the following compounds may be elaborated in a given case: the electrolytic, glucogenic, androgenic, or estrogenic corticosteroids. Whether or not Cushing's syndrome is primarily pituitary or adrenal in origin is still a matter of conjecture. PMID:15426994

  13. Endoscopic resection of subepithelial tumors.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Arthur; Bauder, Markus; Riecken, Bettina; Caca, Karel

    2014-12-16

    Management of subepithelial tumors (SETs) remains challenging. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has improved differential diagnosis of these tumors but a definitive diagnosis on EUS findings alone can be achieved in the minority of cases. Complete endoscopic resection may provide a reasonable approach for tissue acquisition and may also be therapeutic in case of malignant lesions. Small SET restricted to the submucosa can be removed with established basic resection techniques. However, resection of SET arising from deeper layers of the gastrointestinal wall requires advanced endoscopic methods and harbours the risk of perforation. Innovative techniques such as submucosal tunneling and full thickness resection have expanded the frontiers of endoscopic therapy in the past years. This review will give an overview about endoscopic resection techniques of SET with a focus on novel methods. PMID:25512768

  14. Tumors of the Infratemporal Fossa

    PubMed Central

    Tiwari, Rammohan; Quak, Jasper; Egeler, Saskia; Smeele, Ludi; Waal, Isaac v.d.; Valk, Paul v.d.; Leemans, Rene

    2000-01-01

    Neoplastic processes involving the infratemporal fossa may originate from the tissues in the region, but more often are the result of extension from neighboring structures. Metastatic lesions located in the region are rarely encountered. Because of its concealed localization, tumors may remain unnoticed for some time. Clinical signs and symptoms often arise late, are insidious, and may be mistakenly attributed to other structures. The close proximity of the area to the intracranial structures, the orbit, the paranasal sinuses, the nasopharynx, and the facial area demands careful planning of surgical excision and combined procedures may be called for. Modern imaging techniques have made three-dimensional visualization of the extent of the pathology possible. Treatment depends on the histopathology and staging of the tumor. Several surgical approaches have been developed over the years. Radical tumor excision with preservation of the quality of life remain the ultimate goal for those tumors where surgery is indicated. Experience over a decade with various pathologies is presented. ImagesFigure 1p6-bFigure 2Figure 3 PMID:17171095

  15. Maternal offloading of organochlorine contaminants in the yolk-sac placental scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini).

    PubMed

    Lyons, Kady; Adams, Douglas H

    2015-04-01

    Elasmobranchs are a group of animals that typically occupy upper trophic levels in food webs and have a propensity to accumulate high contaminant concentrations. To date, few studies have investigated maternal offloading processes in sharks, despite the fact that this process represents a substantial source of exposure for young sharks and is a significant pathway for contaminant redistribution within marine ecosystems. Comparable to mammalian systems, scalloped hammerhead sharks (Sphyrna lewini) utilize a yolk-sac placental strategy to nourish young in utero, which may allow females to transfer contaminants to young. Organic contaminants (PCBs and chlorinated pesticides) were measured in livers of both females and males from several age classes that were collected from U.S. Atlantic waters, including two near-term pregnant females and their embryos. Adult female hammerheads (n = 3) were found to have lower levels of PCBs compared to the younger, adult male (mean ± SD, 11.1 ± 1.0 vs. 22.8 ?g g(-1) lw), but had substantially higher concentrations of pesticides (4.1 ± 0.9 vs. 1.9 ?g g(-1) lw). Embryos from the two litters (n = 36) had similar levels of summed organic contaminant concentrations (4.6 ± 0.9 ?g g(-1) lw) and pregnant females were estimated to offload approximately 0.03-2.3% of their hepatic contaminant load to offspring. While the potential health impacts of these transferred contaminants is unknown, this is the first study to demonstrate that scalloped hammerheads are exposed to a substantial amount of contaminants prior to birth and document maternal offloading of organochlorines in a pseudo-placental shark species. Therefore, future research should continue to investigate the potential adverse effects these contaminants have on elasmobranch physiology. PMID:25527298

  16. Enhanced Permeability of Etoposide across Everted Sacs of Rat Small Intestine by Vitamin E-TPGS

    PubMed Central

    Parsa, Abdolhamid; Saadati, Roonak; Abbasian, Zahra; Azad Aramaki, Saeed; Dadashzadeh, Simin

    2013-01-01

    Etoposide, a widely used anticancer drug, exhibits low and variable oral bioavailability mainly because of being substrate for the efflux transporter, P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Therefore, the present study was aimed to investigate the effect of D-?-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) and PEG 400 as P-gp inhibitors on the intestinal absorption of etoposide. Everted sacs of rat small intestine were incubated in Krebs buffer solution which contained etoposide in the absence or presence of various concentrations of TPGS or PEG 400. The effect of verapamil as a known P-gp inhibitor on the absorption of drug was also studied. The absorptive transport of etoposide was significantly enhanced (p < 0.001) in the presence of verapamil (100 ?g/mL) and TPGS (over the concentration range of 0.002- 0.1 mg/mL), suggesting that the inhibition of P-gp located in the intestine may be involved in the enhancement of etoposide absorption. However, the addition of PEG 400 at various concentrations (0.05, 0.1 and 0.5% w/v) had no effect on the etoposide transport. No significant difference was found between the permeability values in the absence and presence of the maximum concentration of TPGS for two transport markers, lucifer yellow and imipramine, indicating that the enhancement in etoposide permeability in the presence of TPGS was not due to the compromise in tight junctions or membrane integrity of epithelial cells. The results of the study suggest that the use of TPGS as a safe excipient in etoposide formulations may enhance the oral bioavailability of etoposide and result in a predictable oral absorption. PMID:24250670

  17. Stereotactic radiosurgery of intracranial chordomas, chondrosarcomas, and glomus tumors.

    PubMed

    Kano, Hideyuki; Lunsford, L Dade

    2013-10-01

    Chordomas and chondrosarcomas are rare, slow-glowing, locally aggressive tumors with high recurrence rates. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is an important management option for patients with recurrent or residual chordomas and chondrosarcomas. Glomus jugulare tumor are rare highly vascularized tumors that arise from the paraganglionic structures of the glossopharyngeal and vagal nerves. Because of their highly vascular nature and surgically formidable anatomic location, curative resection often proves challenging. SRS can be used as an up-front treatment or as an additional treatment for patients with recurrent or residual glomus jugulare tumor after surgical resection. PMID:24093573

  18. Perspectives on signet ring stromal cell tumor and related signet ring cell lesions of the gonads.

    PubMed

    Roth, Lawrence M; Ramzy, Ibrahim

    2014-11-01

    In this article, we discuss advances in our knowledge of the pathology of signet ring stromal cell tumor and related signet ring cell lesions of the ovary and a single case of signet ring stromal cell tumor of the testis. We divide ovarian signet ring cell lesions into 3 categories that reflect differences in their pathogenesis and histologic appearance. With 1 exception, all authentic cases of signet ring stromal cell tumor have been unilateral. Cases of ovarian signet ring stromal cell tumor from the literature can arise in 2 ways. The majority of cases arise multifocally from fibroma, whereas the remainder likely arise directly from the ovarian stroma. In difficult cases, immunocytochemistry provides improved diagnostic accuracy in distinguishing signet ring stromal cell tumor and its mimics from Krukenberg tumor. The most useful antibodies in this regard are epithelial membrane antigen and vimentin. PMID:25299313

  19. Rhabdomyosarcoma Arising in a Previously Irradiated Field: An Analysis of 43 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Dang, Nguyen D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (United States); Teh, Bin S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital and Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital and Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, Texas (United States); Paulino, Arnold C., E-mail: apaulino@tmhs.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Methodist Hospital and Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, Texas (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Patients with soft tissue sarcomas that arise from previously irradiated fields have traditionally been reported to have a poor prognosis. In this report, we examined the characteristics and outcomes of patients who developed a rhabdomyosarcoma in a previously irradiated field (RMS-RIF); we hypothesize that these patients should have a better outcome compared to other postradiation soft tissue sarcomas as these tumors are chemosensitive and radiosensitive. A PubMed search of the literature from 1961-2010 yielded 33 studies with data for patients with RMS-RIF. The study included 43 patients with a median age of 6.5 years at the time of radiation therapy (RT) for the initial tumor. The median RT dose was 48 Gy. The median latency period, the time from RT to development of RMS-RIF, was 8 years. The 3-year overall survival for RMS-RIF was 42%. The 3-year overall survival was 66% for patients receiving chemotherapy and local treatment (surgery and/or RT) compared to 29% for those who had systemic treatment only or local treatment only (P=.049). Other factors associated with increased 3-year overall survival included retinoblastoma initial diagnosis (P<.001), age ?18 years at diagnosis of RMS-RIF (P=.003), favorable site (P=.008), and stage 1 disease (P=.002). Age at time of RMS-RIF, retinoblastoma initial tumor, favorable site, stage 1 disease, and use of both systemic and local treatment were found to be favorable prognostic factors for 3-year overall survival.

  20. Ductal carcinoma in situ arising in tubular adenoma of the breast.

    PubMed

    Saimura, Michiyo; Anan, Keisei; Mitsuyama, Shoshu; Ono, Minoru; Toyoshima, Satoshi

    2015-07-01

    We herein report an extremely rare case of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) arising in tubular adenoma of the breast. A 33-year-old female first noticed a mass in her right breast when she was 15 years old. The tumor had not changed in size subjectively for 18 years. She finally visited the hospital one and a half years before this presentation for an examination of her breast mass. Ultrasonography (US) showed a circumscribed mass suggesting a benign tumor, and mammography (MMG) revealed the well-defined high-density mass with a focal region of microcalcification. It was suspected to be adenosis based on a core-needle biopsy (CNB). During the regular follow-up, the microcalcification in the mass increased. She was therefore referred to our hospital for further examination. US and MMG showed a well-demarcated mass with a focal microcalcified area. US-guided CNB diagnosed it as DCIS with tubular adenoma. The patient underwent tumorectomy. Histologically, the tumor was diagnosed to be DCIS in tubular adenoma with negative surgical margins. PMID:22700460

  1. Malignancy arising in extragonadal endometriosis: a case report and summary of the world literature.

    PubMed

    Brooks, J J; Wheeler, J E

    1977-12-01

    A case of clear cell carcinoma arising in endometriosis of the retroperitoneum is presented. It occurred 5 years after supracervical hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and following 4 years of estrogen therapy. The literature concerning malignancy developing in extragonadal endometriosis has been reviewed and is summarized as follows: 1) 45 cases have been compiled, of which 32 were carcinomas and 13 sarcomas; 2) adenocarcinoma was the most common histologic type, although virtually every tumor of müllerian derivation has been described; 3) the typical patient was nulliparous and perimenopausal; 4) the rectovaginal septum was the most common site, and in general the frequency of malignancy in a given site parallels the frequency of endometriosis in that location; 5) simultaneous tumors of the uterus or ovary were present in seven cases (15%); 6) prognosis appeared affected by site and histologic type; 7) a history of prior pelvic irradiation to effect castration was present in three (9%) of the patients with adenocarcinoma; and 8) four (12%) of the patients with adenocarcinoma were subjected to exogenous estrogens or estrogen-secreting ovarian tumors. PMID:338141

  2. A case of perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from an anorectal fistula successfully resected after preoperative radiotherapy.

    PubMed

    Ohta, Ryo; Sekikawa, Koji; Goto, Manabu; Narita, Kazuhiro; Takahashi, Yasumasa; Ikeda, Hironari; Oneyama, Masataka; Hirata, Yudai; Nakayama, Mikihiro; Shimoda, Yohta; Sato, Syun

    2013-05-01

    A case of mucinous adenocarcinoma arising on a long-standing anorectal fistula is described. A 60-year-old man with a long history of mucinous discharge, pain and perianal induration underwent a biopsy of the external opening of the fistula that showed a mucinous infiltrating adenocarcinoma. Due to the large size of the tumor and the fact that it had extended into the surrounding tissue, preoperative radiotherapy was performed. Radiotherapy was given with 40 Gy in 25 fractions for 5 weeks through posterior and bilateral portals. After radiotherapy the tumor was markedly shrunk and the serum level of carcinoembryonic antigen was also improved. Abdominoperineal resection was performed 8 weeks after the termination of radiotherapy. Histological examination of the resected specimen revealed that the invasion of the tumor remained within the sphincter muscle and that no cancer cells were present on the surgical margin. The histological effect of radiotherapy was judged as grade 1b. This treatment can result in downstaging and R0 resection, which also has a possibility to prevent local recurrence. This case suggests that preoperative radiotherapy may play an important role in the definitive treatment of locally advanced perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma. PMID:23741210

  3. Pancreatic Exocrine Tumors

    MedlinePLUS

    Pancreatic Exocrine Tumors More than 95% of pancreatic cancers are classified as exocrine tumors. These tumors start in the exocrine cells of the pancreas. The following table describes the most common pancreatic ...

  4. Tumor Formation in Plants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. V. Matveeva; L. A. Lutova; Yu. Nester

    2001-01-01

    The data on genetic tumors in plant species and interspecific hybrids, as well as the problems of Agrobacterium-induced tumors are reviewed. The role of the horizontal gene transfer in the induction of genetic tumors is discussed.

  5. Tumors and Pregnancy

    MedlinePLUS

    Tumors during pregnancy are rare, but they can happen. Tumors can be either benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer. Malignant ones are. The most common cancers in pregnancy are breast cancer, cervical cancer, lymphoma, and melanoma. ...

  6. Brain Tumor Statistics

    MedlinePLUS

    ... updates Please leave this field empty Brain Tumor Statistics SHARE Share on Facebook Preview your comments Share ... Close Finish Home > About Us > News > Brain Tumor Statistics Listen Brain Tumors do not discriminate. Primary brain ...

  7. Beyond the GIST: Mesenchymal Tumors of the Stomach

    PubMed Central

    Menias, Christine O.; Gaballah, Ayman H.; Shroff, Stuti; Taggart, Melissa W.; Garg, Naveen; Elsayes, Khaled M.

    2013-01-01

    Intramural gastric masses arise in the wall of the stomach (generally within the submucosa or muscularis propria), often with intact overlying mucosa. These tumors are typically mesenchymal in origin and have overlapping radiologic appearances. A combination of features such as location, attenuation, enhancement, and growth pattern may suggest one diagnosis over another. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) account for the majority of intramural tumors and can vary widely in appearance, from small intraluminal lesions to exophytic masses that protrude into the peritoneal cavity, commonly with areas of hemorrhage or necrosis. A well-circumscribed mass measuring ?70 to ?120 HU is a lipoma. Leiomyomas usually manifest as low-attenuation masses at the gastric cardia. Homogeneous attenuation is a noteworthy characteristic of schwannomas, particularly for larger lesions that might otherwise be mistaken for GISTs. A hypervascular mass in the antrum is a common manifestation of glomus tumors. Hemangiomas are also hypervascular but often manifest in childhood. Inflammatory fibroid polyps usually arise as a polypoid mass in the antrum. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are infiltrative neoplasms with a propensity for local recurrence. Plexiform fibromyxomas are rare, usually antral tumors. Carcinoid tumors are epithelial in origin, but often submucosal in location, and therefore should be distinguished from other intramural lesions. Multiple carcinoid tumors are associated with hypergastrinemia, either in the setting of chronic atrophic gastritis or Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Sporadic solitary carcinoid tumors not associated with hypergastrinemia have a higher rate of metastasis. Histopathologic analysis, including immunohistochemistry, is usually required for diagnosis of intramural masses. © RSNA, 2013 PMID:24108557

  8. Anatomic and functional imaging of metastatic carcinoid tumors.

    PubMed

    Scarsbrook, Andrew F; Ganeshan, Arul; Statham, Jane; Thakker, Rajesh V; Weaver, Andrew; Talbot, Denis; Boardman, Philip; Bradley, Kevin M; Gleeson, Fergus V; Phillips, Rachel R

    2007-01-01

    Carcinoid tumors are a fascinating group of neuroendocrine neoplasms that develop either sporadically or as part of an inheritable syndrome. Many tumors arise in the bronchopulmonary or gastrointestinal tract, but a neuroendocrine tumor can arise in almost any organ. The tumors have varied malignant potential depending on the site of their origin, and the clinical manifestations often are nonspecific. Metastases may be present at the time of diagnosis, which often occurs at a late stage of the disease. Imaging plays a pivotal role in the localization and staging of neuroendocrine tumors and in monitoring the treatment response. Imaging is often challenging, and a combination of anatomic and functional techniques is usually required, depending on the tumor type and location. Techniques include ultrasonography, barium studies, endoscopy, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy, iobenguane scintigraphy, and, in select cases, positron emission tomography. Coregistration of structural and functional images is often of incremental value for accurate localization of the primary tumor and any meta-static disease. Radiologists must understand the contribution of each imaging modality in the assessment of different neuroendocrine tumors. In addition, knowledge of the optimal technique for each radiologic and radionuclide imaging examination is essential. Familiarity with the protean imaging appearances of both primary and metastatic disease is essential for accurate staging, treatment monitoring, and surveillance. Finally, an understanding of the wide variety of treatment options for patients with carcinoid tumors is vital for optimal management. PMID:17374863

  9. Intrathoracic ancient neurilemoma mimicking mesenchymal thoracic tumor.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yu-Hung; Hsu, Yung-Hsiang; Chang, Huai-Ren

    2013-11-01

    Ancient neurilemoma is a rare variant of neurilemoma and can grow into a large tumor, which results in several symptoms. It is often misdiagnosed to be malignant neoplasm because of its histological features of nuclear atypia. The authors reported an 87-year-old woman presenting with progressive dyspnea and chronic cough for more than 1 year. Computed tomography of the chest showed a huge heterogeneous, paravertebral mass with focal calcification, arising from intervertebral foramen. The tumor was successfully resected by thoracotomy and pathology disclosed ancient neurilemoma. PMID:23694925

  10. KIT gene mutations in gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

    PubMed

    Kang, Weiming; Zhu, Changzhen; Yu, JianChun; Ye, Xin; Ma, ZhiQiang

    2015-01-01

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. It arises in the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum and esophagus. KIT gene mutation is a feature of GIST, in addition to PDGFRA gene mutation. KIT gene mutations have been observed to be involved in the development of GIST, its recurrence after surgery and chemotherapy resistance in GIST. Exons 13, 17, 9, and mainly exon 11 are concerned in these biological behaviors of GIST. In this review, we will discuss on the involvement of KIT gene mutations in the tumorigenesis, recurrence and chemotherapeutic resistance of GIST. PMID:25961532

  11. Changes in lung tumor shape during respiration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kyriakou, E.; McKenzie, D. R.

    2012-02-01

    Evidence that some lung tumors change shape during respiration is derived from respiratory gated CT data by statistical shape modeling and image manipulation. Some tumors behave as rigid objects while others show systematic shape changes. Two views of lung motion are presented to allow analysis of the results. In the first, lung motion is viewed as a wave motion in which inertial effects arising from mass are present and in the second it is a quasistatic motion in which the mass of the lung tissues is neglected. In the first scenario, the extremes of tumor compression and expansion are expected to correlate with maximum upward and downward velocity of the tumor, respectively. In the second, they should occur at end exhale and end inhale, respectively. An observed correlation between tumor strain and tumor velocity provides more support for the first view of lung motion and may explain why previous attempts at observing tumor shape changes during respiration have largely failed. The implications for the optimum gating of radiation therapy are discussed.

  12. [Two cases of testicular tumor with brain metastasis].

    PubMed

    Aizawa, T; Tochimoto, M; Ito, T; Shiozawa, H; Yamamoto, S; Ohno, Y; Miki, M; Tsujino, S; Matsumoto, T; Hukuda, C

    1994-11-01

    During the last 8 years, 70 cases of testicular tumor were treated in our department. Of them 2 cases had brain metastasis. Case 1; A 37-year-old male was admitted with the chief complaint of cough. Retroperitoneal lymph node and lung metastases were discovered (stage IIIB, pT4aN1M1). Resected right testis was diagnosed as embryonal carcinoma, teratoma and STGC histopathologically. After 3 courses of PVB (cisplatinum, vincristine, bleomycin) chemotherapy right hemiplegia occurred and computerized tomographic (CT) scan revealed brain metastasis. His general condition degraded rapidly and he died of brain herniation 3 months after orchiectomy. Case 2; A 32-year-old male was admitted because of right testicular swelling and lung metastases (stage IIIB, pTiN0M1). Pathological examination revealed embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor and teratoma. After 4 courses of chemotherapy with cisplatinum (CDDP), vincristine, methotrexate, peplomycin, and etoposide all lung metastases were disappeared. A few months later left hemiplegia by brain metastasis appeared suddenly. Four additional courses of high dose chemotherapy and resection of brain metastasis was performed. Complete remission continued for 13 months. The prognosis of testicular tumor with brain metastasis was very poor. During the last 8 years, 21 cases of testicular tumor with brain metastasis were reported in the Japanese literature. A follow-up study of prognosis in the literature was performed and discussed. PMID:7832076

  13. Malignant mixed müllerian tumor with malignant neuroectodermal components (teratoid carcinosarcoma) of the ovary: Report of a case with clinicopathologic findings.

    PubMed

    Matsuura, Yusuke; Kitajima, Mitsuyasu; Hachisuga, Toru; Tanimoto, Akihide; Okura, Naohumi; Kihara, Ikuo

    2010-08-01

    Malignant mixed müllerian tumor (MMMT) or carcinosarcoma of the female genital tract is a rare neoplasm. Malignant ovarian tumor composed of müllerian epithelial tumor and malignant germ cell tumor is also rare, with most cases composed of endometrioid adenocarcinoma and yolk sac tumor. Ovarian MMMT with malignant neuroectodermal components resembling immature teratoma is extremely rare. We report a case of teratoid carcinosarcoma of the ovary occurring in a 40-year-old female. The resected tumor measuring over 20 cm in diameter consisted of cystic and solid components and was very fragile. Microscopic examination showed a heterogenous mixed tumor composed of malignant epithelial, malignant mesodermal and malignant neuroectodermal components. The cells of ganglioneuroblastoma-like area were positive for neural markers (Synaptophysin, S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase). There was no tumor immunoreactivity to alpha-fetoprotein, carcinoembryonic antigen, human chorionic gonadotropin, and inhibin. In spite of aggressive combination chemotherapy and three times of laparotomy, the patient died of disease 3 years 10 months after the initial treatment. This quite rare ovarian tumor closely resembled nasopharyngeal tumors described as 'teratoid carcinosarcoma' is biologically aggressive. We report the fourth case of ovarian teratoid carcinosarcoma. Further cases need to be accumulated to make diagnosis and to determine a successful treatment modality. PMID:20666968

  14. Development of the endolymphatic sac and duct in the Japanese red-bellied newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gao, W.; Wiederhold, M. L.; Harrison, J. L.

    1998-01-01

    The development and maturation of the endolymphatic sac (ES) and duct (ED) were studied in the newt Cynops pyrrhogaster. The ES first appears as an oval capsule at the dorsal-medial tip of the otic vesicle at stage 39, about 11 days after oviposition. The ES consists of polymorphous epithelial cells with a minimum of cytoplasm. The intercellular space (IS) between the epithelial cells is narrow and has a smooth surface. At stage 44, the size of the ES increases as many vacuoles in the IS become filled. At stage 46, 18 days after oviposition, the ES elongates markedly and a slit-like lumen is found in the ES. The epithelium contains a few cell organelles which are scattered in the cytoplasm. The vacuoles in the IS are fused, which expands the IS. Two days later (stage 48), floccular material (endolymph) is present in the expanded lumen. The IS dilates and has a wide and irregular appearance. At stage 50, approximately 26 days after oviposition, the ES extends and expands significantly and crystals (otoconia) can now be seen in the widened lumen of the ES. The cytoplasm of the cuboidal epithelial cells contains an abundance of vesicles surrounded by ribosomes and Golgi complexes. Intercellular digitations are formed in the expanded IS. At stage 54, the ES forms a large bellow-like pouch. Numerous otoconia accumulate in the lumen. Free floating cells and cell debris can be seen in the lumen at this stage. The epithelial cells contain numerous cytoplasmic organelles which are evenly distributed in the cytoplasm. Granules are found in the apical and lateral cytoplasm. The IS is loose and displays a labyrinthine appearance. The primitive ED first appears as a connection between the ES and the saccule but no lumen is present inside at stage 39. At stage 46, a narrow lumen is formed in the ED, which corresponds to the formation of the ES lumen. At stage 50, as the ED extends, floccular material is seen in the lumen. At stage 54, the ED bears numerous microvilli on its luminal surface. Otoconia and endolymph are present in the ED. Tight junctions between the epithelial cells are formed at stage 46. A fully developed intercellular junctional complex is produced at stage 54. Based on the development of the ES and ED, the maturation of function of the ES and ED are discussed.

  15. Integrated Antenna/Solar Array Cell (IA/SAC) System for Flexible Access Communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Ricard Q.; Clark, Eric B.; Pal, Anna Maria T.; Wilt, David M.; Mueller, Carl H.

    2004-01-01

    Present satellite communications systems normally use separate solar cells and antennas. Since solar cells generally account for the largest surface area of the spacecraft, co-locating the antenna and solar cells on the same substrate opens the possibility for a number of data-rate-enhancing communications link architecture that would have minimal impact on spacecraft weight and size. The idea of integrating printed planar antenna and solar array cells on the same surface has been reported in the literature. The early work merely attempted to demonstrate the feasibility by placing commercial solar cells besides a patch antenna. Recently, Integrating multiple antenna elements and solar cell arrays on the same surface was reported for both space and terrestrial applications. The application of photovoltaic solar cell in a planar antenna structure where the radiating patch antenna is replaced by a Si solar cell has been demonstrated in wireless communication systems (C. Bendel, J. Kirchhof and N. Henze, 3rd Would Photovotaic Congress, Osaka, Japan, May 2003). Based on a hybrid approach, a 6x1 slot array with circularly polarized crossdipole elements co-located on the same surface of the solar cells array has been demonstrated (S. Vaccaro, J. R. Mosig and P. de Maagt, IEEE Trans. Ant. and Propag., Vol. 5 1, No. 8, Aug. 2003). Amorphous silicon solar cells with about 5-10% efficiency were used in these demonstrations. This paper describes recent effort to integrate advanced solar cells with printed planar antennas. Compared to prior art, the proposed WSAC concept is unique in the following ways: 1) Active antenna element will be used to achieve dynamic beam steering; 2) High efficiency (30%) GaAs multi-junction solar cells will be used instead of Si, which has an efficiency of about 15%; 3) Antenna and solar cells are integrated on a common GaAs substrate; and 4) Higher data rate capability. The IA/SAC is designed to operate at X-band (8-12 GH) and higher frequencies Higher operating frequencies enable greater bandwidth and thus higher data transfer rates. The first phase of the effort involves the development of GaAs solar cell MIMs (Monolithically Integrated Module) with a single patch antenna on the opposite side of the substrate. Subsequent work will involve the integration of MIMs and antennas on the same side of the substrate. Results from the phase one efforts will be presented.

  16. Evidence for apical K conductance and Na-K-2Cl cotransport in the endolymphatic sac of guinea pig.

    PubMed

    Teixeira, M; Couloigner, V; Loiseau, A; Hulin, P; Sterkers, O; Planelles, G; Ferrary, E

    1999-02-01

    The transepithelial potential in the endolymphatic sac (ESP) was recorded up to 60 min after apical injection of ouabain, bumetanide, quinine, barium, tetraethylammonium, and 4-aminopyridine. After control injection, ESP decreased by 74% and completely recovered at 30 min. After ouabain, barium, or quinine injection, the ESP time course was similar to that in the control group. After bumetanide, tetraethylammonium, or 4-aminopyridine injection, complete recovery was only observed at 60 min. These results suggest that apical K+ conductance and Na-K-2Cl cotransporter could be involved in the genesis of ESP. PMID:10082282

  17. Evaluation of expression and function of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, platelet derived growth factor receptors-alpha and -beta, KIT, and RET in canine apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma and thyroid carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Toceranib phosphate (Palladia) has a reported objective response rate of 25% in both canine apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma (AGASACA) and thyroid carcinoma (TC), with stable disease occurring in an additional 50-60% of dogs. The basis for the observed responses to toceranib is not known. The purpose of this study was to evaluate AGASACA and TC samples for the expression and activation of VEGFR2, PDGFR?, PDGFR?, KIT and RET to assess whether dysregulation of these receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) may contribute to the biologic activity of toceranib. Results mRNA for VEGFR2, PDGFR?/?, KIT and RET was detected in all AGASACA samples. mRNA for VEGFR2, PDGFR?/?, and KIT was detected in all TC samples, while mRNA for RET was amplified in 10/15 samples. No phosphorylation of VEGFR2, PDGFR?/?, or KIT was observed on the arrays. However, phosphorylation of RET was detected in 54% of the primary AGASACA and 20% of TC. VEGFR2 was expressed in 19/24 primary and 6/10 metastatic AGASACA and 6/15 TC samples. KIT was present in 8/24 primary and 3/10 metastatic AGASACA and 9/15 TC samples. PDGFR? expression was noted in all tumor samples. In contrast PDGFR? expression was found in only a few tumor samples but was evident in the stroma of all tumor specimens. Conclusions Known targets of toceranib are expressed in both AGASAC and TC. Given the observed expression of VEGFR and PDGFR?/? and phosphorylation of RET, these RTKs merit investigation as to their roles in the biology of AGSACA and TC and their contribution to toceranib’s activity. PMID:22630170

  18. Glottic versus supraglottic tumors: differential molecular profile

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Konstantinos Kourelis; Theodoros Papadas; Gerasimos Vandoros; Panos Goumas; Georgia Sotiropoulou-Bonikou

    2008-01-01

    Glottis and supraglottis, although anatomically interconnected, are embryologically distinct. Moreover, squamous cell carcinomas\\u000a arising from these subsites, differ in terms of epidemiology, risk factors, clinical behaviour and prognosis. This study aims\\u000a to explore any possible differences between their molecular profiles. We investigated in the two tumor types, the expression\\u000a of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) and retinoid

  19. Desmoid tumor (aggressive fibromatosis) of the neck

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Niv; N. Sion-Vard; M. Nash; A. Gatot; J. Peiser; D. M. Fliss

    2000-01-01

    Desmoid tumors are histologically benign fibrous neoplasms arising from the musculoaponeurotic structures throughout the body.\\u000a There is similar biological behaviour between benign fibrous proliferations and fibrosarcoma. These neoplasms have the tendency\\u000a to locally invade and erode adjacent muscular tissue and bone. Within the head and neck area they also tend to encase vital\\u000a structures. We present a case of a

  20. Sex cord-gonadal stromal tumor of the rete testis.

    PubMed

    Sajadi, Kamran P; Dalton, Rory R; Brown, James A

    2009-01-01

    A 34-year-old tetraplegic patient with suppurative epididymitis was found on follow-up examination and ultrasonography to have a testicular mass. The radical orchiectomy specimen contained an undifferentiated spindled sex cord-stromal tumor arising in the rete testis. Testicular sex cord-stromal tumors are far less common than germ cell neoplasms and are usually benign. The close relationship between sex cords and ductules of the rete testis during development provides the opportunity for these uncommon tumors to arise anatomically within the rete tesis. This undifferentiated sex cord-stromal tumor, occurring in a previously unreported location, is an example of an unusual lesion mimicking an intratesticular malignant neoplasm. PMID:19125206

  1. Primary primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the uterus: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Özgür Akbay?r; Kemal Güngördük; Gülseren Rafio?lu; Ahmet Gülk?l?k; Ekrem Yavuz; Ali ?smet Tekirda?; Engin Odaba?

    2008-01-01

    Neuroendocrine carcinomas primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) arise from Kulchitsky cells and are frequently seen in gastrointestinal\\u000a tract and lungs. But they are unusual in gynecology practice. We presented a case of PNET arising in the uterine corpus of\\u000a a 22-year-old woman. To our knowledge, this is the first description of small-cell carcinoma of the uterine corpus with a\\u000a pseudocyst formation

  2. Adolescent and Pediatric Brain Tumors

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  3. Living with a Brain Tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Financials Board of Directors Scientific Advisory Council & Reviewers Leadership News Careers Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types of Tumors Tumor Grade Risk Factors Brain Tumor ...

  4. Tumor-Protective and Tumor-Promoting Actions of Dietary Whey Proteins in an N-Methyl-N-Nitrosourea Model of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The mammary tumor protective effects of dietary factors are considered to be mediated by multiple signaling pathways, consistent with the heterogeneous nature of the disease and the distinct genetic profiles of tumors arising from diverse mammary cell populations. In a 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene...

  5. Osteosarcoma arising from osteochondroma of the tibia: case report and cytogenetic findings.

    PubMed

    Engel, E E; Nogueira-Barbosa, M H; Brassesco, M S; Silva, G E B; Valera, E T; Peria, F M; Motta, T C; Tone, L G

    2012-01-01

    Osteochondroma is a cartilage capped benign tumor developing mainly at the juxta-epiphyseal region of long bones. The rate of malignant transformation, mainly into chondrosarcoma, is estimated to be less than 1-3%. Transformation into osteosarcoma is very rare and has been reported only thirteen times. There is little information on treatment and outcome. We report the case of a secondary osteosarcoma arising in the left tibia of a 23-year-old male, 10 years after the initial diagnosis of osteochondroma and after two partial resections. Malignant transformation occurred at the stalk and not at the cartilage cap, as would normally be expected. Chromosome banding analysis revealed the karyotype: 46,XY, t(3;13)(q21;q34) [2]/46,XY [18]. Records from additional cases will help determine the parameters that define these rare secondary bone lesions. PMID:22427037

  6. Low grade B cell lymphoma arising in a background of multifocal extra-adrenal myelolipoma.

    PubMed

    Noll, Aaron; Boone, Jamie; Cunningham, Mark; Mammen, Joshua; Tawfik, Ossama

    2013-01-01

    Myelolipomas are rare, benign, non-functioning tumors composed of an admixture of mature adipose tissue and hematopoietic elements. Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are extremely rare, but have been reported in multiple sites including the omentum, presacral, and retroperitoneal areas, along with the thorax, kidneys, liver and stomach. We report a case of a 68-year-old man with low-grade B-cell lymphoma arising in a background of recurrent multifocal extra-adrenal myelolipoma. Pathological evaluation of the lesion and bone marrow showed foci of lymphoid aggregate that were confirmed to be monoclonal B lymphoma by flow cytometry. To our knowledge, this is only the third reported case to feature such a rare combination of diseases. The clinical, radiological, and pathological differential diagnostic findings are discussed. PMID:24247803

  7. [Impressions about responses arising from a sense of unwanted transparency].

    PubMed

    Tabata, Naoya

    2011-02-01

    The sense of unwanted transparency is the feeling that another person seemingly notices something about us that we would rather conceal. Two experiments were conducted to investigate impressions about responses arising from the sense of unwanted transparency. In Study 1, observers were asked to watch the videotape recorded in Tabata (2009) and judge the participants' responses arising from the sense of unwanted transparency. In Study 2, based on Tabata (2009), both verbal responses and nonverbal responses that were characteristic in arousing the sense of unwanted transparency were manipulated in the videotaped conversation. Participants were asked to watch the videotape and judge the confederate's impressions. The results indicated that unnatural impressions were heightened by nonverbal responses such as longer silences, averting the gaze, and increased self-touching. This suggests that these responses arising from the sense of unwanted transparency may produce a self-fulfilling prophecy. However, seemingly deceptive verbal responses were only related to the dubious impressions of the statements. PMID:21400867

  8. [A case of intraorbital solitary fibrous tumor resected successfully with preoperative arterial embolization].

    PubMed

    Kishimoto, Ippei; Shinohara, Shogo; Fujiwara, Keizo; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Tona, Risa; Kanazawa, Yuji; Harada, Hiroyuki; Naito, Yasushi; Usami, Yu

    2014-12-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm derived from mesenchymal cells. It sometimes recurs clinically, and is categorized as an 'intermediate malignancy' tumor under the WHO (World Health Organization) classification of soft tissue tumors. Several studies have reported on intraorbital SFTs, but none of them has pointed out the utility of preoperative arterial embolization in the case of an intraorbital SFT. A 75-year-old man, who had received a dacryocystectomy for a benign tumor in the right lacrimal sac 30 years previously, visited our hospital complaining of lower eyelid swelling and lachrymation that had persisted for a year. CT and MRI revealed an intraorbital lesion, and the open biopsy specimen showed dense growth of spindle cells, which turned out to be an SFT by immunohistochemistry based on the findings. After preoperative embolization of the infraorbital artery, we removed the tumor with a skin incision on the lower rim of the orbit with little bleeding. The surgical specimen revealed that the tumor was close to a lacrimal canaliculus, which suggested the tumor originated from the lacrimal apparatus considering the patient's past history. He was followed up for three months without recurrences. PMID:25946830

  9. Effects of human yolk sac endothelial cells on supporting expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells from cord blood.

    PubMed

    Hu, Liangshan; Cheng, Lamei; Wang, Jian; Zhao, Huiping; Duan, Huaxin; Lu, Guangxiu

    2006-11-01

    In order to investigate the effects of human yolk sac-derived endothelial cells (hYSECs) on the expansion of human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HS/PCs) from umbilical cord blood (UCB) in vitro, we purified hYSEC-like cells from 4-5 week human yolk sacs, which were morphologically similar to endothelial cells and expressed CD31, CD144 and vWF characteristics of endothelial cells. Then we isolated CD34(+) cells from UCB in culture under three different conditions: with hematopoietic cytokines (CKs), contact-coculture or noncontact-coculture with hYSECs supplemented with CKs, and found that the contact-coculture system had the strongest expansion efficiency in the total cells' (TCs) ability to form HPP-CFCs. Erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) increased 52.35-fold, 20.26-fold and 27.77-fold, respectively, compared with pre-expansion. We detected that the mRNA of Notch ligands such as Jagged1, Delta1 and Delta4 could express in hYSECs after contacted culture with UCB-CD34(+) cells but not the noncontacted cells by RT-PCR analysis. Therefore, we concluded that the contact-coculture system supplemented with CKs could support the expansion of UCB-HS/PCs in vitro, especially high potential proliferative colony-forming cells (HPP-CFC) and BFU-E, perhaps owing to Notch signal pathway. PMID:16962340

  10. Static sac size with a type II endoleak post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance or embolization?

    PubMed Central

    Patatas, Kyriacos; Ling, Lynn; Dunning, Joel; Shrivastava, Vivek

    2012-01-01

    A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether embolization is superior to surveillance for a type II endoleak associated with a static sac size post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Four hundred and sixty-one papers were identified, of which 10 papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, and relevant outcomes and results are tabulated. A review of the available literature suggests that most type II endoleaks are innocuous and will seal spontaneously during the long-term follow-up, even when they persist for more than 6 months. An analysis of the large European Collaborators on Stent-Graft Techniques for Aortic Aneurysm Repair (EUROSTAR) registry that includes prospective data on 2463 patients from 87 European hospitals showed that type II endoleaks were not associated with an increased risk of rupture; this correlates well with the large single-centre studies included in this review. Based on the available evidence, we conclude that the management of most isolated type II endoleaks should be conservative—with close radiological follow-up—even when persistent, with intervention restricted to theoese associated with sac enlargement >5 mm over a 6-month period or >10 mm when compared with pre-EVAR diameter. PMID:22617500

  11. Highly expressed EGFR in pearl sac may facilitate the pearl formation in the pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Wenjie; Fan, Sigang; Huang, Guiju; Zhang, Dongling; Liu, Baosuo; Bi, Xiaomin; Yu, Dahui

    2015-07-25

    Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays an important role in cell growth, proliferation, differentiation and migration. Yet whether it functions in pearl formation or not is not reported. In this study, EGFR was cloned from the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata (named as Pf-EGFR) and its expression profiles were investigated. The cDNA was 2156bp long with an ORF of 1017bp encoding 338 amino acid residues. The deduced polypeptide contained an L domain and a cysteine-rich domain, consistent with the characteristics of ErbB family. The sequence of Pf-EGFR shared 22.78-56.71% identity with other EGFRs. The genomic sequence of Pf-EGFR consisted of six exons and five introns, being 5190bp in total length, and expressed in all the tested tissues with a higher expression level in the pearl sac (P<0.05). In situ hybridization showed that Pf-EGFR was specifically expressed on both the inner side of the outer fold and the outer side of the inner fold of the mantle, as well as on the whole pearl sac including the connective tissues. In addition, Pf-EGFR was markedly increased at larval metamorphosis, significantly higher than other development periods (P<0.05). These results indicated that the Pf-EGFR may facilitate pearl formation as well as larval metamorphosis. PMID:25900030

  12. Primary Malignant Mixed Müllerian Tumor of the Vagina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah Neesham; Paul Kerdemelidis; James Scurry

    1998-01-01

    A 74-year-old woman presented with postmenopausal bleeding. Examination showed a 5.5-cm ulcerated, partly necrotic vaginal polyp arising anteriorly near the hymenal ring. Histology showed a malignant mixed Müllerian tumor (MMMT) with squamous and glandular epithelial and undifferentiated spindle cell stromal components, cytological atypia, and frequent mitoses. The tumor was closely associated with overlying vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia, grade III, from which

  13. Primary desmoplastic small round cell tumor of the femur

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akihiko Yoshida; Mark A. Edgar; Joaquin Garcia; Paul A. Meyers; Carol D. Morris; David M. Panicek

    2008-01-01

    Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare malignant neoplasm typically involving the abdominal cavity of a young\\u000a male. Extra-abdominal occurrence of this tumor is very rare. We report a 10-year-old girl with primary DSRCT arising within\\u000a the left femur. The patient presented with knee pain, and radiological findings were strongly suggestive of osteogenic sarcoma.\\u000a In addition to the

  14. Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the colon: Report of a case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Izumi Nakamura; Keiichi Nakano; Kouichi Nakayama; Yoshimasa Ishii; Kazutoshi Ohta; Masayasu Takahashi; Toshio Yamada; Keiko Yamaguchi; Hideo Sakuma; Atsuo Tsuchiya; Seiichi Takenoshita

    1999-01-01

    A malignant rhabdoid tumor of the colon is very rare and only three cases have been previously described. A 76-year-old man\\u000a was admitted to the hospital complaining of epigastralgia. An elastic mass was palpable in the right upper abdomen. A barium\\u000a enema and endoscopic examination showed a giant gyrate tumor arising from the cecum. Abdominal ultrasonography and a computed\\u000a tomography

  15. Squamous cell liver cancer arising from an epidermoid cyst.

    PubMed

    Caratozzolo, E; Massani, M; Recordare, A; Ciardo, L; Antoniutti, M; Jelmoni, A; Bassi, N

    2001-01-01

    Squamous cell liver cancer (SCLC) arising from an epidermoid intestinal cyst is rare. Only 65 cases of this cyst have been reported since 1850, with 2 reported cases of squamous cell cancer. We describe here the case of a 21-year-old man who complained of mild pain, a feeling of fullness in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, and fever and weight loss, who developed SCLC arising from an epidermoid intestinal cyst. The clinical presentation, management, and pathological findings are discussed. PMID:11702262

  16. Enlarging Cells Initiating Apomixis in Hieracium praealtum Transition to an Embryo Sac Program prior to Entering Mitosis1[W][OPEN

    PubMed Central

    Okada, Takashi; Hu, Yingkao; Tucker, Matthew R.; Taylor, Jennifer M.; Johnson, Susan D.; Spriggs, Andrew; Tsuchiya, Tohru; Oelkers, Karsten; Rodrigues, Julio C.M.; Koltunow, Anna M.G.

    2013-01-01

    Hieracium praealtum forms seeds asexually by apomixis. During ovule development, sexual reproduction initiates with megaspore mother cell entry into meiosis and formation of a tetrad of haploid megaspores. The sexual pathway ceases when a diploid aposporous initial (AI) cell differentiates, enlarges, and undergoes mitosis, forming an aposporous embryo sac that displaces sexual structures. Embryo and endosperm development in aposporous embryo sacs is fertilization independent. Transcriptional data relating to apomixis initiation in Hieracium spp. ovules is scarce and the functional identity of the AI cell relative to other ovule cell types is unclear. Enlarging AI cells with undivided nuclei, early aposporous embryo sacs containing two to four nuclei, and random groups of sporophytic ovule cells not undergoing these events were collected by laser capture microdissection. Isolated amplified messenger RNA samples were sequenced using the 454 pyrosequencing platform and comparatively analyzed to establish indicative roles of the captured cell types. Transcriptome and protein motif analyses showed that approximately one-half of the assembled contigs identified homologous sequences in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), of which the vast majority were expressed during early Arabidopsis ovule development. The sporophytic ovule cells were enriched in signaling functions. Gene expression indicative of meiosis was notably absent in enlarging AI cells, consistent with subsequent aposporous embryo sac formation without meiosis. The AI cell transcriptome was most similar to the early aposporous embryo sac transcriptome when comparing known functional annotations and both shared expressed genes involved in gametophyte development, suggesting that the enlarging AI cell is already transitioning to an embryo sac program prior to mitotic division. PMID:23864557

  17. Nonmalignant pediatric brain tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahmoud Rashidi; Victor Reis DaSilva; Alireza Minagar; James T. Rutka

    2003-01-01

    Brain tumors are the most common solid neoplasms in the pediatric population. Each year in the United States, approximately\\u000a 1500 to 2000 children are affected by one of these tumors. About 50% of pediatric brain tumors are malignant. Nonmalignant\\u000a pediatric brain tumors comprise an eclectic group of pathologic entities that have fascinating clinical features. Many of\\u000a these tumors demonstrate a

  18. [Malignant vascular tumors of the vulva].

    PubMed

    Chokoeva, A; Tchernev, G

    2015-01-01

    Due to the increased vascularity as well as the unique anatomical structure, vascular lesions, which occur in the female reproductive system are common observed and diverse by their morphology. The majority of them are benign, including vascular malformations, lesions due to vascular hyperplasia, tumors with significant vascular component and others. Malignant vascular tumors are rare in the area of the vulva accounting about 1% of all vulvar lesions with vascular origin. Kaposi sarcoma, epithelioid hemangioepithelioma and epithelioid angiosarcoma have been reported with vulvar localization. With a view to their rare incidence, nonspecific clinical manifestation and aggressive behavior associated with high mortality, we present the most common malignant tumors of vascular origin arising in the vulva, as we emphasize on their epidemiology and clinical features, differential diagnosis and therapeutic algorithms for this rare type of malignancies. PMID:25909132

  19. EVA Tutorial #3 ISSUES ARISING IN EXTREME VALUE ANALYSIS

    E-print Network

    Katz, Richard

    1 EVA Tutorial #3 ISSUES ARISING IN EXTREME VALUE ANALYSIS Rick Katz Institute for Mathematics mean & unit variance) -- Fisher & Tippett (1928) proposed Weibull type of GEV as penultimate(n) (2 ln n ) 1/2 , for large n Penultimate approximation is Weibull type with n - 1 / (2 ln n

  20. Hepatocellular carcinoma with sarcomatous change arising in primary biliary cirrhosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naoto Komada; Minako Yamagata; Kazutaka Komura; Katsuhiro Hayashi; Toshihiro Maruyama; Hiroaki Kataoka; Masashi Koono; Hirohito Tsubouchi

    1997-01-01

    We report an autopsy case of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with sarcomatous change arising in the context of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) in a 79-year-old man. Primary biliary cirrhosis was diagnosed (stage I according to Scheuer's classification) by findings on blood biochemical analysis, laparoscopy, and liver biopsy at age 69 years. Five years later, (at age 74 years), a mass lesion

  1. Some Computational Problems Arising in Adaptive Optics Imaging Systems

    E-print Network

    Plemmons, Robert J.

    Some Computational Problems Arising in Adaptive Optics Imaging Systems Robert J. Plemmons \\Lambda numerical linear algebra tech­ niques in adaptive optics imaging control computations. Real­time adaptive previously imposed by the turbulent atmosphere. An adaptive optics system automatically corrects for light

  2. Wellposedness for Systems Arising in Time Domain Electromagnetics in Dielectrics

    E-print Network

    obliquely incident waves on a dielectric material target as depicted in Figure 1. The problem is formulated for a region with free charge density #26; = 0 are given by r #1; ~ D = 0 r #1; ~ B = 0 r#2; ~ E = @ t ~ B r#2Wellposedness for Systems Arising in Time Domain Electromagnetics in Dielectrics H. T. Banks and J

  3. Introduction The vertebrate axial musculoskeletal system arises from

    E-print Network

    Tabin, Cliff

    3885 Introduction The vertebrate axial musculoskeletal system arises from somites ­ transient musculoskeletal system from these three somitic compartments is well understood (Brand-Saberi and Christ, 2000, and the dorsal dermis from dermomyotome. Yet, although a functional musculoskeletal system is entirely dependent

  4. An Unstable Elliptic Free Boundary Problem arising in Solid Combustion

    E-print Network

    Monneau, Régis

    An Unstable Elliptic Free Boundary Problem arising in Solid Combustion R. Monneau Ecole Nationale in solid combustion. The maximal solution and every local minimizer of the energy are regular, that is, {u combustion, singularity, unstable problem, Aleksandrov reflection, unique blow-up limit, second variation

  5. ARISE: A Challenging 25-m Space Antenna Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rahmat-Samii, Yahya; Hoferer, Robert A.

    1999-01-01

    ARISE (Advanced Radio Interferometry between Space and Earth). Future scientific and communications missions are conceptualizing using very large reflector antennas in space. The antenna dimensions are targeted from lOm to 25m beyond. Frequencies coveting L-band through W-band are being considered. these challenging missions, one may refer to ARISE (Advanced Radio Interferometry between Space and Earth), which is projected to utilize a 25-m dual Gregorian optics operating from 8 GHz to 86 Gl-lz . An artist's renditions Gregorian antenna concept is shown . The objective of this mission is to create a space-based VLBI system (integrated with ground based antennas) for high resolution mapping of black holes. Successful realization of ARISE necessitates development of several technologies . The most crucial technology is that of the deployable 25-m reflector that must work at frequencies as high as 43 and 86 GHz. The current baseline selection for ARISE is an inflatable antenna, under development for several other applications in communications and remote sensing.

  6. On some multiobjective optimization problems arising in biology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Majid Soleimani-Damaneh

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss modelling and solving some multiobjective optimization problems arising in biology. A class of comparison problems for string selection in molecular biology and a relocation problem in conservation biology are modelled as multiobjective optimization programmes. Some discussions about applications, solvability and different variants of the obtained models are given, as well. A crucial part of the

  7. BIODIVERSITY (COMMUNICATIONS ARISING): MAIZE TRANSGENE RESULTS IN MEXICO ARE ARTEFACTS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Quist and Chapela's conclusion that the transgenes they claim to have detected in native maize in Oaxaca, Mexico, are predominantly reassorted and inserted into a "diversity of genomic contexts" seems to be based on an artefact arising from the inverse polymerase chain reaction (i-PCR) they used to ...

  8. On Linear Infeasibility Arising in Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

    E-print Network

    Censor, Yair

    On Linear Infeasibility Arising in Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Inverse Planning Yair, 2007. Abstract Intensity--modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) gives rise to sys- tems of linear The fully-discretized feasibility model of the inverse problem of intensity- modulated radiation therapy

  9. Constraints on food chain length arising from regional metacommunity dynamics

    E-print Network

    Mouquet, Nicolas

    Constraints on food chain length arising from regional metacommunity dynamics Vincent Calcagno1-en-Provence cedex 5, France Classical ecological theory has proposed several determinants of food chain length­prey metacommunities with extinction­colonization dynamics, we identify two distinct constraints on food chain length

  10. Ancient schwannoma arising from mental nerve. A case report and review.

    PubMed

    Subhashraj, Krishnaraj; Balanand, Subramanian; Pajaniammalle, Subhashraj

    2009-01-01

    Schwannoma is an intraoral rare, benign neoplasm derived from the nerve sheath of peripheral nerves. "Ancient schwannoma" shows histopathological features, such as degenerative changes and atypical nuclei, and may easily be confused with malignant neoplasms. Ancient schwannoma of the head and neck region is relatively uncommon and very few cases had been reported in the oral cavity. We present a case of ancient schwannoma arising from the mental nerve in a 19 year old male which was of eight months duration. Examination revealed a 30 x 25 mm firm, strawberry-like mass in the periapical region of the left lower first premolar, extending anteriorly to the canine and posteriorly to the first molar, obliterating the buccal vestibule, with an intact overlying mucosa. Ultrasonography showed that the tumor was closely associated with the mental nerve on the left side, suggestive of a peripheral neural sheath tumor. Complete excision of the lesion was done under local anesthesia, preserving the mental nerve. The histological picture was strongly suggestive of ancient schwannoma (Antoni A type). There was no evidence of recurrence 18 months after excision. The clinicopathological aspects of this special case are discussed, and the literature regarding this entity is reviewed. PMID:19114949

  11. Tumor microenvironment and nanotherapeutics

    PubMed Central

    Upreti, Meenakshi; Jyoti, Amar; Sethi, Pallavi

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies delineate a predominant role for the tumor microenvironment in tumor growth and progression. Improved knowledge of cancer biology and investigation of the complex functional interrelation between the cellular and noncellular compartments of the tumor microenvironment have provided an ideal platform for the evolution of novel cancer nanotherapies. In addition, multifunctional “smart” nanoparticles carrying imaging agents and delivering multiple drugs targeted preferentially to the tumor/tumor microenvironment will lead to early diagnosis and better treatment for patients with cancer. The emerging knowledge of the tumor microenvironment has enabled rational designing of nanoparticles for combinatorial treatment strategies that include radiotherapy, antiangiogenesis and chemotherapy. This multimodality approach is thus expected to achieve therapeutic efficacy and enhance the quality of life of cancer patients. This review highlights the unique characteristics of the tumor microenvironment that are exploited by nanotechnology to develop novel drug delivery systems aimed to target the tumor/tumor microenvironment. PMID:24634853

  12. Histogenesis and natural history of gut neuroendocrine tumors: present status.

    PubMed

    Solcia, Enrico; Vanoli, Alessandro

    2014-06-01

    Important progress has been made during the last decade in the histopathologic characterization and overall prognostic evaluation of gut neuroendocrine tumors. However, some issues like tumor histogenesis, typing, functional characterization, and preferred site of origin deserve further clarification. This is a survey of the present status of the matter outlining some of the open points. In particular, careful comparison of normal gut endocrine cell types with related endocrine tumors so far identified shows an unexplained lack of neoplasms involving upper small intestine cells like secretin, cholecystokinin, motilin, and GIP cells, as well as the equally unexplained concentration of serotonin EC cell tumors in the ileum and appendix or of somatostatin cell tumors in the duodenal papillary region, despite their wide distribution in the normal gut, not to mention gastrinomas arising in the pancreas, normally devoid of gastrin cells. Special functional (e.g., achlorhydria-driven hypergastrinemia) or pathologic (as chronic inflammation) conditions may locally influence the proliferative and differentiation state of the endocrine cells thus promoting tumor growth. Tumor histologic structure, differentiation level, and proliferative index as well as gastrointestinal wall barriers to tumor diffusion may account for most prognostic parameters, with considerable changes, however, according to the tumor type and site. Thus, further work is needed to develop tumor- and site-adjusted prognostic parameters. PMID:24699926

  13. Ovarian squamous cell carcinoma arising from mature cystic teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Jagannathan, Jyothi Priya; Krajewski, Katherine; O’Regan, Kevin; Quick, Charles Matthew; Ramaiya, Nikhil; Campos, Susana

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Preoperative diagnosis of malignant transformation of an ovarian mature cystic teratoma to squamous cell carcinoma is difficult due to nonspecific tumor markers and imaging findings. This is an interesting case presentation that has prior imaging that demonstrates imaging characteristics of the transformation of a mature cystic teratoma to squamous cell carcinoma. PMID:21684828

  14. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the parotid gland.

    PubMed

    Chis, Octavian; Albu, Silviu

    2014-09-01

    Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) refers to spindle cell sarcomas arising from or separating in the direction of cells of the peripheral nerve sheath. The MPNST of the parotid gland is an extremely rare tumor, usually having a poor prognosis, and only a few cases been described in the literature. In this article, we report the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges related to a new case of MPNST of the parotid. Diagnosis was made based on clinical, imaging (computed tomography scan), histologic, and immunohistochemistry findings. Despite comprehensive treatment--complete surgical resection and radiotherapy--the tumor displayed a highly aggressive course. PMID:25153067

  15. Retroperitoneal endodermal sinus tumor. Report of a case with an abnormal cervicovaginal smear.

    PubMed

    Chong, S M; Wee, A; Yeoh, S C; Nilsson, B; Chan, S

    1994-01-01

    An unusual case of an endodermal sinus tumor arising in the retroperitoneum and invading the fallopian tube is reported. The patient presented with malignant cells mimicking adenocarcinoma in the cervicovaginal smear. The differential diagnoses of such cells in cervicovaginal cytology are discussed. The cytohistologic, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings of the tumor are correlated. PMID:8042423

  16. Primary Malignant Rhabdoid Tumors of the Central Nervous System: Considerations about Two Cases of Adulthood Presentation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Pimentel; Rita Silva; Teresa Pimentel

    2003-01-01

    Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRT) are aggressive neoplasms generally of the infant kidney, although a few extrarenal, central nervous system-located, were reported. We describe two cases of such tumors arising intracerebrally in patients aged 16 and 31 years, hence older than the usually reported, with survival times of 16 and 4 months, respectively. Besides, in the youngest, the mass seemed to

  17. Uptake and photodynamic activity of porphycenes in tumor cells implanted on the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davidi, Ronit; Gottfried, Varda; Kimel, Sol

    1996-01-01

    The chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) is a convenient model for the study of photodynamic therapy (PDT). This membrane has a rich vasculature, which mimics the tumor neovasculature, and can also serve as a host for implanted tumors. The transparency of the CAM enables in-vivo monitoring of vascular changes during and post PDT, without the need to sacrifice test animals at each time point. Video documentation and analysis of events occurring during and after irradiation permit the quantification of changes in vessel morphology, blood perfusion and tumor development. The compounds tested in this study belong to a family of potential sensitizers -- the porphycenes. These are phorphyrin isomers based on a 16-membered macrocycle, in which the four methine moieties linking the pyrrole rings have been replaced by two direct bonds and two ethine bridges. Experiments were performed on blood vessels of the intact CAM and on recurrent human melanoma cells implanted on the CAM. Tumor selectivity was demonstrated by measuring drug uptake using fluorescence methods. A sensitizer injected systemically into the embryo yolk sac could be detected in the blood vessels 30 min after injection; 1 h later the sensitizer had preferentially accumulated in the tumor. Tumors were irradiated at the optimal uptake time (after 1 h) for 16 min with a 20 mW HeNe laser. Video image analysis showed that 96 h after irradiation tumors had decreased to 5% of their original size. In contrast, non-irradiated control tumors on the same CAM, continued to proliferate and grew to more than twice their original size. In addition, we observed a difference in the damage mechanism after systemic compared to topical administration. Topical application followed by irradiation caused fast necrosis of tumors, which might suggest direct damage to tumor cells, whereas after systemic administration, PDT damage was manifested by slower necrosis, presumably caused by vascular destruction.

  18. Osteogenic sarcoma of the breast arising in a cystosarcoma phyllodes: a case report and review of the literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vinay Singhal; Chintamani; John M Cosgrove

    2011-01-01

    Introduction  Primary tumors of the breast containing bone and cartilage are extremely rare, and an osteogenic sarcoma arising from a cystosarcoma\\u000a phyllodes is exceptional.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Case presentation  A 40-year-old Indian woman presented with a breast mass which was diagnosed as osteosarcoma of the breast on biopsy. Our patient\\u000a was treated with a simple mastectomy after excluding the presence of skeletal primary and extra-mammary

  19. Osteogenic sarcoma of the breast arising in a cystosarcoma phyllodes: a case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Primary tumors of the breast containing bone and cartilage are extremely rare, and an osteogenic sarcoma arising from a cystosarcoma phyllodes is exceptional. Case presentation A 40-year-old Indian woman presented with a breast mass which was diagnosed as osteosarcoma of the breast on biopsy. Our patient was treated with a simple mastectomy after excluding the presence of skeletal primary and extra-mammary metastases. Final pathology showed a cystosarcoma phyllodes with signs of osteogenic sarcoma. Conclusion Although osteogenic sarcomas of the breast are rare, they need to be distinguished from carcinosarcomas and metaplastic carcinomas as the management of the two differ. PMID:21831335

  20. Sac1 Lipid Phosphatase and Stt4 Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase Regulate a Pool of Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate That Functions in the Control of the Actin Cytoskeleton and Vacuole Morphology

    PubMed Central

    Foti, Michelangelo; Audhya, Anjon; Emr, Scott D.

    2001-01-01

    Synthesis and turnover of phosphoinositides are tightly regulated processes mediated by a set of recently identified kinases and phosphatases. We analyzed the primary role of the phosphoinositide phosphatase Sac1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the use of a temperature-sensitive allele of this gene. Our analysis demonstrates that inactivation of Sac1p leads to a specific increase in the cellular levels of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P), accompanied by changes in vacuole morphology and an accumulation of lipid droplets. We have found that the majority of Sac1p localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum, and this localization is crucial for the efficient turnover of PtdIns(4)P. By generating double mutant strains harboring the sac1ts allele and one of two temperature-sensitive PtdIns 4-kinase genes, stt4ts or pik1ts, we have demonstrated that the bulk of PtdIns(4)P that accumulates in sac1 mutant cells is generated by the Stt4 PtdIns 4-kinase, and not Pik1p. Consistent with these findings, inactivation of Sac1p partially rescued defects associated with stt4ts but not pik1ts mutant cells. To analyze potential overlapping functions between Sac1p and other homologous phosphoinositide phosphatases, sac1ts mutant cells lacking various other synaptojanin-like phosphatases were generated. These double and triple mutants exacerbated the accumulation of intracellular phosphoinositides and caused defects in Golgi function. Together, our results demonstrate that Sac1p primarily turns over Stt4p-generated PtdIns(4)P and that the membrane localization of Sac1p is important for its function in vivo. Regulation of this PtdIns(4)P pool appears to be crucial for the maintenance of vacuole morphology, regulation of lipid storage, Golgi function, and actin cytoskeleton organization. PMID:11514624

  1. On the color-tuning mechanism of Human-Blue visual pigment: SAC-CI and QM/MM study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujimoto, Kazuhiro; Hasegawa, Jun-ya; Hayashi, Shigehiko; Nakatsuji, Hiroshi

    2006-12-01

    Color-tuning mechanism of Human-Blue pigment, visual color-receptor in the cone cells of the eye, has been investigated. Based on a previous Homology-modeling structure and experimental evidences, a working model was constructed, and the structure has been optimized by QM(B3LYP)/MM(A MBER) method. SAC-CI calculation was performed to obtain photo-absorption energy. The calculated absorption energy reasonably agrees with the experiment. A decomposition analysis was performed and compared with the case of Bovine rhodopsin. The electrostatic effect from the opsin is primarily important for the color-tuning. The electronic interaction (quantum effect) of the counter-residue is indispensable for quantitative calculation of the absorption energy.

  2. Babbling behavior in the sac-winged bat (Saccopteryx bilineata)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knörnschild, Mirjam; Behr, Oliver; von Helversen, Otto

    2006-09-01

    Infant babbling in humans and a few other primates plays an important role in allowing the young to practice the adult vocal repertoire during early behavioral development. Vocalizations uttered during babbling resemble, to some degree, the acoustic structure of adult vocalizations and are often produced in long bouts independent of any social context. Similar behavior, termed subsong or plastic song, is known from a variety of songbirds. Here, we show that pups of the sac-winged bat ( Saccopteryx bilineata), a species with an unusually large vocal repertoire, produce renditions of all known adult vocalization types during bouts of vocalizations, which appear to be independent of a distinct social context. Babbling occurs in pups of both sexes, even though only adult males, not females, utter all different vocalization types produced in infancy. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of babbling in a nonprimate mammal and suggests that infant babbling may be necessary for the ontogeny of complex vocal repertoires.

  3. Direct aneurysm sac catheterization and embolization of an enlarging internal iliac aneurysm using cone-beam CT

    PubMed Central

    Merchant, Monish; Shah, Rohan; Resnick, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Since cone-beam computed tomography (CT) has been adapted for use with a C-arm system it has brought volumetric CT capabilities in the interventional suite. Although cone-beam CT image resolution is far inferior to that generated by traditional CT scanners, the system offers the ability to place an access needle into position under tomographic guidance and use the access to immediately begin a fluoroscopic procedure without moving the patient. We describe a case of a “jailed” enlarging internal iliac artery aneurysm secondary to abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, in which direct percutaneous puncture of the internal iliac artery aneurysm sac was performed under cone-beam CT guidance. PMID:25858522

  4. Pearl Microstructure and Expression of Shell Matrix Protein Genes MSI31 and MSI60 in the Pearl Sac Epithelium of Pinctada fucata by In Situ Hybridization

    PubMed Central

    Sato, Yu; Inoue, Nariaki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Ishibashi, Ryo; Obata, Mayu; Aoki, Hideo; Atsumi, Takashi; Komaru, Akira

    2013-01-01

    Expression patterns of the shell matrix protein genes MSI31 and MSI60 in the pearl sac epithelium were examined by in situ hybridization 38 days after implantation, and related to pearl quality. A pearl sac that produced a nacreous pearl showed very weak expression of MSI31 and strong expression of MSI60. A pearl sac, which yielded a prismatic pearl, strongly expressed MSI31 and very weakly expressed MSI60. In a complex pearl, whose surface consisted of a mosaic of both nacreous and prismatic layers, the expression pattern of MSI31 and MSI60 similarly corresponded to the underlying surface structures of the pearl. A nacreous pearl whose pearl sac showed strong MSI31 expression had an entirely nacreous surface composed of a laminar structure with unusual tablet growth at the corresponding site. MSI31 and MSI60 are the major components of the shell matrix proteins of the nacreous and prismatic layers. Clearly, high expression of MSI31 does not always result in prismatic secretion. These observations cannot be explained solely on the basis of the expression patterns of MSI31 and MSI60. We propose that, in addition to the MSI genes that form the prismatic and nacreous layers, upstream from these genes there are regulatory master genes that determine whether a nacreous layer (aragonite) or a prismatic layer (calcite) is formed. PMID:23341897

  5. GAMMA-GLUTAMYL TRANSFERASE (GGT) ACTIVITY AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF RAT VISCERAL YOLK-SAC DURING GESTATION WITH OR WITHOUT TRYPAN BLUE EXPOSURE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Yolk-sacs from untreated Sprague Dawley rat conceptuses were removed on days 9-18 of gestation and examined for gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (AP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) activities. All enzyme activities w...

  6. Effect of forward/inverse model asymmetries over retrieved soil moisture assessed with an OSSE for the Aquarius/SAC-D

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    An Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) for the Aquarius/SAC-D mission that includes different models for forward and retrieval processes is presented. This OSSE is implemented to study the errors related to the use of simple retrieval models in passive microwave applications. To this end...

  7. An observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) for the aquarius/SAC-D soil moisture product: An investigation of forward/retrieval model asymmetries

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    An Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) for the Aquarius/SAC-D mission is being developed for assessing the accuracy of soil moisture retrieval from passive and active L band remote sensing. This OSSE is able to capture the influence of different error sources: land surface heterogeneity, i...

  8. Comparative study of bacterial status from conjunctival sac of the elder Qiang minority and Han people with dry eye in Sichuan, China

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Yue; Liu, Zhi-Rong; Chen, Hui; Dong, Wan-Jiang; Fan, Ying-Chuan; Yu, Hua; Wang, Guang-Jin; Li, Yu-Chan; Cao, Kui

    2012-01-01

    AIM To compare the status of bacteria in the conjunctival sac from the elder Qiang minority and Han people with dry eyes in Sichuan, China. METHODS Total of 54 elder Qiang people with dry eyes (108 eyes) were examined by cluster sampling. In the similar habitation region of Han people, 80 (160 dry eyes) Han people were analyzed as the control group. The bacteria was separated from the inferior palpebral conjunctiva, then inoculated on blood plate for 48 hours and identified. RESULTS Totally 24 strains of bacteria were cultured in either Qiang minority or Han c populations with 3 strains of them existed in both ethnic groups. The commonest bacteria in conjunctival sac in two ethnic groups were non-pathogenic bacterium. The composition of Corynebacterium in Han people (54.1%) was significantly higher than that in Qiang minority (27.4%) (?2=11.6721, P=0.0006). The percentage of Sphingomonas Paucimobilis in Qiang people was higher than that in Han people (?2=18.6442, P=0.0000). However, there was no significant difference between Qiang minority and Han people either in bacterial positive rate in conjunctival sac, or the composition of bacteria species and strains, or the composition of staphylococcus epidemids between two ethnic populations. CONCLUSION There was no significant difference of bacterial positive rate in conjunctival sac from the elder of Qiang minority and Han people with dry eye, but the species of bacteria were different. PMID:22773985

  9. Assimilation of GPS Radio Occultation Refractivity Data from CHAMP and SAC-C Missions over High Southern Latitudes with MM5 4DVAR

    E-print Network

    Howat, Ian M.

    Assimilation of GPS Radio Occultation Refractivity Data from CHAMP and SAC-C Missions over High In this study, the GPS radio occultation (RO) data from the Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP-dimensional variational data assimilation system (4DVAR) is used to assess the impact of the GPS RO data on analyses

  10. Gestational sac volume measured by three-dimensional ultrasound at 11 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation: relation to chromosomal defects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Falcon; P. Wegrzyn; C. Faro; C. F. A. Peralta; K. H. Nicolaides

    2005-01-01

    Objective To determine the potential value of measuring the gestational sac volume (GSV) at 11 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation in screening for chromosomal defects. Methods The GSV was measured using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound in 500 consecutive singleton pregnancies immediately before chorionic villus sampling (CVS) for fetal karyotyping at 11 to 13 + 6 (median 12) weeks of

  11. Truncation of a Protein Disulfide Isomerase, PDIL2-1, Delays Embryo Sac Maturation and Disrupts Pollen Tube Guidance in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Pollen tubes navigate through different female tissues and deliver the sperm to the embryo sac for fertilization. Protein disulfide isomerases play important roles in the maturation of secreted or plasma membrane proteins. Here we show that truncated versions of a protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), ...

  12. A selective sac extraction method: another minimally invasive procedure for inguinal hernia repair in children: a technical innovation with satisfactory surgical and cosmetic results

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hitoshi Ikeda; Masahiro Hatanaka; Makoto Suzuki; Junko Fujino; Kazunori Tahara; Yuki Ishimaru

    2009-01-01

    PurposeTo achieve satisfactory surgical and cosmetic results with minimal surgical invasiveness without laparoscopic assistance in childhood inguinal hernia repair, a novel technique, the selective sac extraction method (SSEM), was devised. The technical feasibility of this method was retrospectively examined.

  13. Comparison of GPS/SAC-C and MIPAS/ENVISAT temperature profiles and its implementation for EOS AURA-MLS observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jiang, Jonathan H.; Wang, Ding-Yi; Romans, Larry J.; Ao, Chi O.; Schwartz, Michael J.; Stiller, Gabriele P.; von Clarmann, Thomas; Lopez-Puertas, Manuel; Funke, Bernd; Gil-Lopez, Sergio; Glatthor, Norbert; Grabowski, Udo; Hopfner, Michael; Kellmann, Sylvia; Kiefer, Michael; Linden, Andrea; Tsidu, Glzaw Mengitsu; Milz, Mathias; Steck, Tilman; Fischer, Herbert

    2003-01-01

    A new generation GPS flight receiver was launched on the Argentinian satellite SAC-C in 2001. It has demonstrated the potential applicability for the continuous monitoring of the earth's atmosphere with radio occultation technology, and providing high vertical resolution profiles of temperature and water vapour data complementary to other sounding techniques.

  14. Squamous cell liver cancer arising from an epidermoid cyst

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ezio Caratozzolo; Marco Massani; Alfonso Recordare; Luigi Ciardo; Michele Antoniutti; Alessandro Jelmoni; Nicolò Bassi

    2001-01-01

    .   Squamous cell liver cancer (SCLC) arising from an epidermoid intestinal cyst is rare. Only 65 cases of this cyst have been\\u000a reported since 1850, with 2 reported cases of squamous cell cancer. We describe here the case of a 21-year-old man who complained\\u000a of mild pain, a feeling of fullness in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, and

  15. A Big Bang model of human colorectal tumor growth.

    PubMed

    Sottoriva, Andrea; Kang, Haeyoun; Ma, Zhicheng; Graham, Trevor A; Salomon, Matthew P; Zhao, Junsong; Marjoram, Paul; Siegmund, Kimberly; Press, Michael F; Shibata, Darryl; Curtis, Christina

    2015-03-01

    What happens in early, still undetectable human malignancies is unknown because direct observations are impractical. Here we present and validate a 'Big Bang' model, whereby tumors grow predominantly as a single expansion producing numerous intermixed subclones that are not subject to stringent selection and where both public (clonal) and most detectable private (subclonal) alterations arise early during growth. Genomic profiling of 349 individual glands from 15 colorectal tumors showed an absence of selective sweeps, uniformly high intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) and subclone mixing in distant regions, as postulated by our model. We also verified the prediction that most detectable ITH originates from early private alterations and not from later clonal expansions, thus exposing the profile of the primordial tumor. Moreover, some tumors appear 'born to be bad', with subclone mixing indicative of early malignant potential. This new model provides a quantitative framework to interpret tumor growth dynamics and the origins of ITH, with important clinical implications. PMID:25665006

  16. Primary Mesenteric Malignant Mixed Mesodermal (Müllerian) Tumor with Neuroendocrine Differentiation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Cokelaere; P. Michielsen; R. De Vos; R. Sciot

    2001-01-01

    Extragenital malignant mixed mesodermal (müllerian) tumors (MMMT) are rare neoplasms, with but 24 well documented cases in the literature. Neuroendocrine differentiation in mixed müllerian neoplasms has been mentioned only anecdotally. We report on the clinical, pathological, and immunohistochemical features of a hitherto-undescribed extragenital MMMT with prominent neuroendocrine differentiation arising from the jejunal mesentery. This lesion was composed of a poorly

  17. Primary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) in the retroperitoneum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Itsuhiro Takizawa; Toshihiro Saito; Yasuo Kitamura; Kei Arai; Makoto Kawaguchi; Kota Takahashi; Noboru Hara

    2008-01-01

    BackgroundSolitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an infrequent but distinct neoplasm, which generally arises from submesothelial connective tissue in the pleura. SFT is rarely recognized in extrathoracic sites, and histologically identical conditions have also been reported in the retroperitoneum, although their pathophysiology has not been extensively investigated.

  18. National Brain Tumor Society

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Read More June 19, 2015 Rep. Langevin to brain tumor advocates: Keep Fighting BOSTON, MA – Members of ... thanks to y Read More June 17, 2015 Brain Tumor News From the 2015 American Society for ...

  19. Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation

    MedlinePLUS

    ... funder of childhood brain tumor research in the world We fund innovative research to improve treatments and ... support programs Your donations help us make the world a brighter place for children with brain tumors. ...

  20. Metastatic pleural tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    Tumor - metastatic pleural ... The blood and lymph systems can carry cancer cells to other organs in the body, where they can produce new growths or tumors. The spread of cancer cells to other parts ...

  1. Pressure Changes Within the Sac of Human Cerebral Aneurysms in Response to Artificially Induced Transient Increases in Systemic Blood Pressure.

    PubMed

    Hasan, David M; Hindman, Bradley J; Todd, Michael M

    2015-08-01

    Formation and rupture of cerebral aneurysms have been associated with chronic hypertension. The effect of transient increase in blood pressure and its effect on intra-aneurysmal hemodynamics have not been studied. We examined the effects of controlled increases in blood pressure on different pressure parameters inside the sac of human cerebral aneurysms and corresponding parent arteries using invasive technology. Twelve patients (10 female, 2 male, age 54±15 years) with unruptured cerebral aneurysms undergoing endovascular coiling were recruited. Dual-sensor microwires with the capacity to simultaneously measure flow velocity and pressure were used to measure systolic, diastolic, and mean pressure inside the aneurysm sac and to measure both pressures and flow velocities in the feeder vessel just outside the aneurysm. These pressures were recorded simultaneously with pressures from a radial arterial catheter. Measurements were taken at baseline and then during a gradual increase in systemic systolic blood pressure to a target value of ?25 mm Hg above baseline, using a phenylephrine infusion. The dose needed to achieve the required increase in radial arterial systolic blood pressure was 0.8±0.2 ?g/kg/min. There was a clear linear relationship between changes in radial and aneurysmal pressures with substantial patient-by-patient variation in the slopes of those relationships. The overall increases in systolic and mean pressures in both radial artery and in the aneurysms were similar. Pressures in the aneurysm and in the parent vessels were similar. Peak and mean flow velocities in the parent arteries did not change significantly with phenylephrine infusion, nor did vessel diameters as measured angiographically. PMID:26056344

  2. Whispering to the Deaf: Communication by a Frog without External Vocal Sac or Tympanum in Noisy Environments

    PubMed Central

    Boistel, Renaud; Aubin, Thierry; Cloetens, Peter; Langer, Max; Gillet, Brigitte; Josset, Patrice; Pollet, Nicolas; Herrel, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    Atelopus franciscus is a diurnal bufonid frog that lives in South-American tropical rain forests. As in many other frogs, males produce calls to defend their territories and attract females. However, this species is a so-called “earless” frog lacking an external tympanum and is thus anatomically deaf. Moreover, A. franciscus has no external vocal sac and lives in a sound constraining environment along river banks where it competes with other calling frogs. Despite these constraints, male A. franciscus reply acoustically to the calls of conspecifics in the field. To resolve this apparent paradox, we studied the vocal apparatus and middle-ear, analysed signal content of the calls, examined sound and signal content propagation in its natural habitat, and performed playback experiments. We show that A. franciscus males can produce only low intensity calls that propagate a short distance (<8 m) as a result of the lack of an external vocal sac. The species-specific coding of the signal is based on the pulse duration, providing a simple coding that is efficient as it allows discrimination from calls of sympatric frogs. Moreover, the signal is redundant and consequently adapted to noisy environments. As such a coding system can be efficient only at short-range, territory holders established themselves at short distances from each other. Finally, we show that the middle-ear of A. franciscus does not present any particular adaptations to compensate for the lack of an external tympanum, suggesting the existence of extra-tympanic pathways for sound propagation. PMID:21779377

  3. [Are the medulloepithelioma, ependymoblastoma and embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes the same entity?].

    PubMed

    Ryzhova, M V; Kushel', Iu V; Zheludkova, O G; Shishkina, L V; Panina, T N; Melikian, A G; Zemlianski?, M Iu; Lemeneva, N V

    2013-01-01

    Medulloepithelioma is a rare malignant tumor arising in cerebral hemispheres. Microscopically, medulloepithelioma is characterized by epithelial structures that mimic the embryonic neural tube. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that tumor cells are immunopositive for LIN28A and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed an amplification of a miRNA cluster at 19q13.42. Presence of these both aberrations suggesting that medulloepithelioma, ependymoblastoma and embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes are the same entity. PMID:24558755

  4. Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem\\/Stromal Cells and Tumor Growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pravin J. Mishra; Debabrata Banerjee

    \\u000a Carcinoma associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play an important role in the growth of epithelial solid tumors. The origin of these\\u000a tumor or CAFs has not been conclusively established. There is experimental evidence to suggest that part of the tumor or CAFs\\u000a may arise from bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal\\/stem cells or MSCs. It is well known that bone marrow derived MSCs

  5. A case of ductal carcinoma with squamous differentiation in malignant phyllodes tumor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomoharu Sugie; Eiji Takeuchi; Fumihito Kunishima; Fumiaki Yotsumoto; Yukihiro Kono

    2007-01-01

    Carcinoma derived from the lining epithelial cells in malignant phyllodes tumor is a rare neoplasm of the breast and belongs\\u000a to the category of carcinosarcoma. We report a case of ductal carcinoma with squamous differentiation arising in malignant\\u000a phyllodes tumor. A 54-year-old woman was admitted with a rapidly enlarging left breast mass. A breast tumor with a diameter\\u000a of 6

  6. Glomus jugulare tumor

    MedlinePLUS

    A glomus jugulare tumor is a tumor of a part of the temporal bone (which involves the middle and inner ear ... A glomus jugulare tumor grows in the temporal bone of the skull, in an area called the jugular foramen. The jugular ...

  7. Tumor Radiosensitivity and Apoptosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boris Zhivotovsky; Bertrand Joseph; Sten Orrenius

    1999-01-01

    With approximately 50% of all cancer patients receiving radiation therapy at some point in their treatment, increasing the sensitivity of tumor cells to the lethal effects of irradiation has the potential to significantly improve the rate of recovery from many malignancies. The major biological determinant of radiotherapy failure is tumor radioresistance. It is well known that tumors from the same

  8. Malignant tumors of childhood

    SciTech Connect

    Brooks, B.J.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 34 papers about malignant tumors. some of the titles are: Invasive Cogenital Mesoblastic Nephroma, Leukemia Update, Unusual Perinatal Neoplasms, Lymphoma Update, Gonadal Germ Cell Tumors in Children, Nutritional Status and Cancer of Childhood, and Chemotherapy of Brain tumors in Children.

  9. Cancer stem cell plasticity and tumor hierarchy

    PubMed Central

    Cabrera, Marina Carla; Hollingsworth, Robert E; Hurt, Elaine M

    2015-01-01

    The origins of the complex process of intratumoral heterogeneity have been highly debated and different cellular mechanisms have been hypothesized to account for the diversity within a tumor. The clonal evolution and cancer stem cell (CSC) models have been proposed as drivers of this heterogeneity. However, the concept of cancer stem cell plasticity and bidirectional conversion between stem and non-stem cells has added additional complexity to these highly studied paradigms and may help explain the tumor heterogeneity observed in solid tumors. The process of cancer stem cell plasticity in which cancer cells harbor the dynamic ability of shifting from a non-CSC state to a CSC state and vice versa may be modulated by specific microenvironmental signals and cellular interactions arising in the tumor niche. In addition to promoting CSC plasticity, these interactions may contribute to the cellular transformation of tumor cells and affect response to chemotherapeutic and radiation treatments by providing CSCs protection from these agents. Herein, we review the literature in support of this dynamic CSC state, discuss the effectors of plasticity, and examine their role in the development and treatment of cancer. PMID:25621103

  10. Neuroanatomic considerations in percutaneous tumor ablation.

    PubMed

    Kurup, A Nicholas; Morris, Jonathan M; Schmit, Grant D; Atwell, Thomas D; Weisbrod, Adam J; Murthy, Naveen S; Woodrum, David A; Callstrom, Matthew R

    2013-01-01

    Percutaneous ablation is increasingly being used as focal therapy for tumors in the chest, abdomen, and pelvis, including tumors in proximity to neural structures. To ensure that tumor ablation is performed safely, knowledge of the regional neuroanatomy is particularly important because most relevant nerves are not visualized with the conventional imaging techniques used to guide ablation procedures. Familiarity with the expected course of nerves in commonly targeted areas is helpful in preventing inadvertent nerve injury and in accurately informing the patient of potential risks. In the chest and shoulder girdle, the brachial plexus as well as the phrenic, recurrent laryngeal, intercostal-subcostal, long thoracic, dorsal scapular, and suprascapular nerves may be encountered. Vulnerable neural structures in the abdomen and pelvis arise from the lumbar and sacral plexuses and include the femoral, obturator, sciatic, and pudendal nerves. Nerve protection and monitoring techniques should be used, when appropriate, to minimize the risk of neural injury during percutaneous tumor ablation and depend on the vulnerable nerve, the location of the targeted tumor, and the ablation device used for treatment. Nerves may be protected using displacement techniques, including instillation of air or fluid, insertion and insufflation of angioplastic or endoscopic balloons, and mechanical manipulation of the ablation device. Nerves may be monitored with cross-sectional imaging evaluation of the critical nerve or ablation zone, or with functional evaluation using electromyographic equipment or focused clinical examination. Supplemental material available at http://radiographics.rsna.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1148/rg334125141/-/DC1. PMID:23842979

  11. Is the ligation of hernial sac necessary in herniotomy for children? A randomized controlled trial of evaluating surgical complications and duration

    PubMed Central

    Rafiei, Mohammad Hadi; Jazini, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Background: Herniotomy is a common operation done by pediatric surgeons. Recent studies have shown that high ligation in herniation in adult is not necessary, but this method was not fully evaluated in children. We compared non-ligation with high-ligation sac in herniotomy in terms of surgical complications and duration. Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled trial study was done on 104 children with inguinal hernia at Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, between 2011 and 2013. Patients were equally randomized to undergo herniotomy with ligation of sac at the internal ring level or to undergo herniotomy without sac ligation. Patients were followed up just after the operation, and in the 1st, 6th, and 12th weeks postoperation to discover early (scrotal hematoma, edema, wound infection, and postoperation fever) and late (adhesion and recurrence) complications. Also, duration of operation was recorded for each group. Results: The incidence of early complications (nine cases in high-ligation and eight cases in non-ligation group) was the same in both groups (P = 0.402). No late complication was observed in any group. The mean duration of operation in high-ligation group (18.84 ± 5.47 min) was significantly shorter than non-ligation group (21.46 ± 9.03 min) (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Complications are the same in herniotomy with or without ligation of the sac, but the duration of the non-ligation procedure is shorter than that of high-ligation. We suggest that herniotomy without sac ligation in children be the procedure of choice to save time and also to prevent any other possible complications such as nerve damage, spermatic cord injury, or peritoneal tearing. PMID:26015923

  12. Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial of The Stabilis Stand Alone Cage (SAC) Versus Bagby and Kuslich (BAK) Implants for Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    PubMed Central

    Lavelle, William; McLain, Robert F.; Rufo-Smith, Candace; Gurd, David P.

    2014-01-01

    Background Degenerative disc disease is common and debilitating for many patients. If conservative extensive care fails, anterior lumbar interbody fusion has proven to be an alternative form of surgical management. The Stabilis Stand Alone Cage(SAC) was introduced as a method to obtain stability and fusion. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Stabilis Stand Alone Cage (SAC) is comparable in safety and efficacy to the Bagby and Kuslich (BAK) device. Methods As part of a prospective, randomized, controlled FDA trial, 73 patients underwent anterior interbody fusion using either the SAC(56%) or the BAK device (44%). Results Background characteristics were similar between the two groups. There was no significant difference between the SAC and BAK groups in mean operative time or mean blood loss during surgery. Adverse event rates did not differ between the groups. Assessment of plain radiographs could not confirm solid fusion in 63% of control and 71% of study patients. Functional scores from Owestry and SF-36 improved in both groups by the two-year follow-up. There were no significant differences between the SAC and BAK patients with respect to outcome. Conclusions Both the Stabilis Stand Alone Cage and the BAK Cage provided satisfactory improvement in function and pain relief, despite less than expected radiographic fusion rates. The apparent incongruency between fusion rates and functional outcomes suggests that either radiographs underestimate the true incidence of fusion, or that patients are obtaining good pain relief and improved function despite a lower rate of fusion than previously reported. This was a Level III study. PMID:25694930

  13. Ovarian tumors and tumor-like lesions in the first three decades.

    PubMed

    Young, Robert H

    2014-09-01

    The relative frequency of ovarian tumors and tumor-like lesions that occur in young females (defined in this article as up to 30 years of age) differs considerably from that seen in older patients. The spectrum of lesions encountered is reviewed, with emphasis on those disproportionately seen in younger patients, particularly primitive germ cell tumors, certain tumors in the sex cord-stromal family, the distinctive tumor known as small cell carcinoma of hypercalcemic type, and selected tumor-like lesions. Comments are made initially on the relative frequency of the various well-known categories of ovarian neoplasia in the first three decades, compared to females overall, and differences within the first three decades are noted. Some of the more noteworthy of these include the occurrence of follicular cysts in neonates due to in-utero maternal stimulation, and the often large size of these lesions, with sometimes dramatic clinical manifestations; the relative rarity of the commonest germ cell tumor of the ovary, the dermoid cyst, in the very early years of life; the peak incidence of all primitive germ cell tumors in the mid to late teens and early 20s; the peak of small cell carcinoma of hypercalcemic type in the early 20s; the preponderance for the juvenile granulosa cell tumor to occur in the first two decades and for one distinctive form of Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, the retiform variant, to peak at about 15 years of age; the occasional finding of mucinous cystic tumors, usually benign, in the teenage years, and their greater frequency than other surface epithelial neoplasms; a gradual increase in frequency of all types of surface epithelial neoplasia, but particularly mucinous tumors and serous tumors as patients move through the 20s; and the rarity of metastatic neoplasia in the first three decades in general, but with occasional dramatic examples such as some Krukenberg tumors being seen in these years, as may some of the distinctive tumors of the young such as neuroblastoma. Consideration of the gross and microscopic features, and differential diagnosis, of individual neoplasms follows the introductory remarks and emphasizes the importance of gross pathology. An example of the latter is the marked difference in most cases between a dermoid cyst and an immature teratoma, the former being dominantly cystic and the latter dominantly solid, and the latter on average twice as large as the former. Caution should be exercised in entertaining a diagnosis of immature teratoma if a lesion is grossly a typical dermoid cyst. The treacherous shared gross characteristics and age distribution of the dysgerminoma and small cell carcinoma of hypercalcemic type are noted. The rarity of monodermal teratomas and malignant neoplasms such as squamous cell carcinoma arising in dermoid cysts in the first three decades is noted. The distinctive features of two recently described stromal neoplasms, microcystic stromal tumor and luteinized thecomas of the type associated with sclerosing peritonitis, are emphasized as is the varied differential diagnosis of the juvenile granulosa cell tumor and Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor. Sections on ovarian tumors and tumor-like lesions in pregnant patients and tumor-like lesions overall conclude the article. PMID:25440719

  14. Mesenchymal tumors and tumor-like lesions of the breast: a contemporary approach review.

    PubMed

    Stolnicu, Simona; Moldovan, Cosmin; Podoleanu, Cristian; Georgescu, Rares

    2015-01-01

    The classification of the breast tumors has been revised and recently published in 2012 in the WHO blue book. Contrary to the epithelial tumors in the breast, mesenchymal tumors are rare and the classification for benign and malignant tumors is based on the same criteria in both categories, since no other specific diagnostic criteria, which would have an impact on prognosis, exist to date. The present review deals with minor changes mirroring the recent developments in the benign mesenchymal tumors (new additions are nodular fasciitis and atypical vascular lesions, while the haemangiopericytoma is removed) focusing especially on criteria to diagnose sarcomas, which represent a wide spectrum including very difficult lesions. The majority of sarcomas of the breast arise as a component of a malignant phyllodes tumor, while the pure forms are very rare. When a pure primary sarcoma of the breast is diagnosed, pathologists are encouraged to categorize the lesion according to the type of differentiation and to provide to the clinicians all the important prognostic parameters for the best treatment choice. PMID:25533916

  15. 15 INTRACRANIAL GERM CELL TUMORS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Bjornsson; B Scheithauer; H Okazakl; R W Leech

    1984-01-01

    Intracranial germ cell tumors are a heterogeneous group of lesions which occur in children and adults. Within the classification of intracranial germ cell tumors, there are a variety of different tumor types which carry different prognoses. The diagnosis of an intracranial germ cell tumor usually requires histological informa- tion, but a subgroup of tumors will secrete specific tumor markers, including

  16. Galectins in tumor angiogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Griffioen, Arjan W.

    2014-01-01

    The expansion of solid tumors depends on the continuous ingrowth of new blood vessels out of pre-existing capillaries. Consequently, tumor neovascularization or tumor angiogenesis is considered a hallmark of cancer and an attractive target for cancer therapy. Tumor angiogenesis is mainly carried out by endothelial cells (EC), i.e., the cells lining the luminal vessel wall. These cells have to take on different functional activities in order to successfully make new tumor blood vessels. In the last decade it has become apparent that galectins are important regulators of tumor angiogenesis. In the present review we summarize the current knowledge regarding the role galectins in tumor angiogenesis focussing on the endothelial galectins, i.e., gal-1/-3/-8/-9. PMID:25405165

  17. Recurrent germline mutation in MSH2 arises frequently de novo

    PubMed Central

    Desai, D.; Lockman, J.; Chadwick, R.; Gao, X.; Percesepe, A.; Evans, D; Miyaki, M.; Yuen, S. T.; Radice, P.; Maher, E.; Wright, F.; de la Chapelle, A.

    2000-01-01

    INTRODUCTION—An intronic germline mutation in the MSH2 gene, A?T at nt942+3, interferes with the exon 5 donor splicing mechanism leading to a mRNA lacking exon 5. This mutation causes typical hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and has been observed in numerous probands and families world wide. Recurrent mutations either arise repeatedly de novo or emanate from ancestral founding mutational events. The A?T mutation had previously been shown to be enriched in the population of Newfoundland where most families shared a founder mutation. In contrast, in England, haplotypes failed to suggest a founder effect. If the absence of a founder effect could be proven world wide, the frequent de novo occurrence of the mutation would constitute an unexplored predisposition.?METHODS—We studied 10 families from England, Italy, Hong Kong, and Japan with a battery of intragenic and flanking polymorphic single nucleotide and microsatellite markers.?RESULTS—Haplotype sharing was not apparent, even within the European and Asian kindreds. Our marker panel was sufficient to detect a major mutation arising within the past several thousand generations.?DISCUSSION—As a more ancient founder is implausible, we conclude that the A?T mutation at nt942+3 of MSH2 occurs de novo with a relatively high frequency. We hypothesise that it arises as a consequence of misalignment at replication or recombination caused by a repeat of 26 adenines, of which the mutated A is the first. It is by far the most common recurrent de novo germline mutation yet to be detected in a human mismatch repair gene, accounting for 11% of all known pathogenic MSH2 mutations.???Keywords: MSH2; recurrent mutation; splice donor site of exon 5; founder mutation PMID:10978353

  18. Non-Gaussian Posteriors arising from Marginal Detections

    E-print Network

    Bruce A. Bassett; Niayesh Afshordi

    2012-03-16

    We show that in cases of marginal detections (~ 3\\sigma), such as that of Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) in cosmology, the often-used Gaussian approximation to the full likelihood is very poor, especially beyond ~3\\sigma. This can radically alter confidence intervals on parameters and implies that one cannot naively extrapolate 1\\sigma-errorbars to 3\\sigma, and beyond. We propose a simple fitting formula which corrects for this effect in posterior probabilities arising from marginal detections. Alternatively the full likelihood should be used for parameter estimation rather than the Gaussian approximation of a just mean and an error.

  19. Clinicopathologic Characteristics of 29 Invasive Carcinomas Arising in 178 Pancreatic Mucinous Cystic Neoplasms With Ovarian-type Stroma

    PubMed Central

    Jang, Kee-Taek; Park, Sang Mo; Basturk, Olca; Bagci, Pelin; Bandyopadhyay, Sudeshna; Stelow, Edward B.; Walters, Dustin M.; Choi, Dong Wook; Choi, Seoung Ho; Heo, Jin Seok; Sarmiento, Juan M.; Reid, Michelle D.; Adsay, Volkan

    2015-01-01

    Information on the clinicopathologic characteristics of invasive carcinomas arising from mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) is limited, because in many early studies they were lumped and analyzed together with noninvasive MCNs. Even more importantly, many of the largest prior studies did not require ovarian-type stroma (OTS) for diagnosis. We analyzed 178 MCNs, all strictly defined by the presence of OTS, 98% of which occurred in perimenopausal women (mean age, 47 y) and arose in the distal pancreas. Twenty-nine (16%) patients had associated invasive carcinoma, and all were female with a mean age of 53. Invasion was far more common in tumors with grossly visible intracystic papillary nodule formation ? 1.0 cm (79.3% vs. 8.7%, P = 0.000) as well as in larger tumors (mean cyst size: 9.4 vs. 5.4 cm, P = 0.006); only 4/29 (14%) invasive carcinomas occurred in tumors that were < 5 cm; however, none were < 3 cm. Increased serum CA19-9 level (> 37 U/L) was also more common in the invasive tumors (64% vs. 23%, P = 0.011). Most invasive carcinomas (79%) were of tubular type, and the remainder (5 cases) were mostly undifferentiated carcinoma (2, with osteoclast-like giant cells), except for 1 with papillary features. Interestingly, there were no colloid carcinomas; 2 patients had nodal metastasis at the time of diagnosis, and both died of disease at 10 and 35 months, respectively. While noninvasive MCNs had an excellent prognosis (100% at 5 y), tumors with invasion often had an aggressive clinical course with 3- and 5-year survival rates of 44% and 26%, respectively (P = 0.000). The pT2 (> 2 cm) invasive tumors had a worse prognosis than pTl (? 2 cm) tumors (P = 0.000), albeit 3 patients with T1a (< 0.5 cm) disease also died of disease. In conclusion, invasive carcinomas are seen in 16% of MCNs and are mostly of tubular (pancreatobiliary) type; colloid carcinoma is not seen in MCNs. Serum CA19-9 is often higher in invasive carcinomas, and invasion is typically seen in OTS-depleted areas with lower progesterone receptor expression. Invasion is not seen in small tumors (< 3 cm) and those lacking intracystic papillary (mural) nodules of ? 1 cm, thus making the current branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm management protocols also applicable to MCNs. PMID:25517958

  20. Middle Meningeal Artery Arising from the Basilar Artery

    PubMed Central

    Salem, Mohamed M.; Fusco, Matthew R.; Dolati, Parviz; Reddy, Arra S.; Ogilvy, Christopher S.; Thomas, Ajith J.

    2014-01-01

    Various anomalies for the origin of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) have been described in the literature. However, origin of the MMA from the basilar trunk is an extremely rare variant. We report on a 54-year-old female who presented with frequent headaches; magnetic resonance imaging showed a right parietal meningioma. The abnormal origin of the middle meningeal artery from the basilar artery was diagnosed by angiography performed for preoperative embolization of the tumor. We report on the case with a review of the embryologic basis, possible explanations for this aberrant origin, and its clinical implications. PMID:25599045

  1. Anaplastic ganglioglioma arising from a Lhermitte-Duclos-like lesion. Case report.

    PubMed

    Takei, Hidehiro; Dauser, Robert; Su, Jack; Chintagumpala, Murali; Bhattacharjee, Meenakshi B; Jones, Jeremy; Adesina, Adekunle M

    2007-08-01

    The authors report the case of a 7-year-old boy with a history of developmental delay who presented with aggressive behavior. A magnetic resonance (MR) image showed a mass lesion originating from the cerebellar vermis with an atypical folial pattern and contrast enhancement. Histologically, the subtotally resected specimen consisted mostly of neuropil with nodular foci of ganglion cells. Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) was diagnosed in the patient. A retrospective review of the tissue sections showed a nidus of associated astrocytic proliferation, suggesting a diagnosis of ganglioglioma. Five years later, the patient experienced an altered mental state and a facial droop. An MR image revealed a cerebellar mass with cystic areas and an enhancing nodule. The resected tissue specimen consisted primarily of a mixed proliferation of glial and ganglion cells consistent with a ganglioglioma. Two years later, a third craniectomy was performed in the patient for worsening headache and ataxia. Histologically, the tumor showed progressive anaplasia and was most accurately classified as an anaplastic ganglioglioma. Immunohistochemically, most of the tumor cells were immunoreactive for anti-phospho-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and phospho-S6 ribosomal protein antibodies. In contrast, the subpopulation of neoplastic ganglion cells in the tissue, particularly from the first surgery, did not express phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted from chromosome 10 (PTEN). This immunohistochemical pattern suggests that the large dysplastic ganglion cells (the gangliocytomatous component) forming the greater part of the lesion were associated with activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, a feature previously reported in LDD. This case represents the first report of an anaplastic ganglioglioma arising in an LDD-like lesion. PMID:18459885

  2. The Hypoxia-Inducible Epigenetic Regulators Jmjd1a and G9a Provide a Mechanistic Link between Angiogenesis and Tumor Growth

    PubMed Central

    Ho, Jolene Caifeng; Lee, Kian Leong; Kitajima, Shojiro; Yang, Henry; Sun, Wendi; Fukuhara, Noriko; Zaiden, Norazean; Chan, Shing Leng; Tachibana, Makoto; Shinkai, Yoichi; Kato, Hiroyuki

    2014-01-01

    Hypoxia promotes stem cell maintenance and tumor progression, but it remains unclear how it regulates long-term adaptation toward these processes. We reveal a striking downregulation of the hypoxia-inducible histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) demethylase JMJD1A as a hallmark of clinical human germ cell-derived tumors, such as seminomas, yolk sac tumors, and embryonal carcinomas. Jmjd1a was not essential for stem cell self-renewal but played a crucial role as a tumor suppressor in opposition to the hypoxia-regulated oncogenic H3K9 methyltransferase G9a. Importantly, loss of Jmjd1a resulted in increased tumor growth, whereas loss of G9a produced smaller tumors. Pharmacological inhibition of G9a also resulted in attenuation of tumor growth, offering a novel therapeutic strategy for germ cell-derived tumors. Finally, Jmjd1a and G9a drive mutually opposing expression of the antiangiogenic factor genes Robo4, Igfbp4, Notch4, and Tfpi accompanied by changes in H3K9 methylation status. Thus, we demonstrate a novel mechanistic link whereby hypoxia-regulated epigenetic changes are instrumental for the control of tumor growth through coordinated dysregulation of antiangiogenic gene expression. PMID:25071150

  3. Functional characterization of the carrier-mediated transport system for glycerol in everted sacs of the rat small intestine.

    PubMed

    Kato, Toyonori; Hayashi, Yayoi; Inoue, Katsuhisa; Yuasa, Hiroaki

    2004-11-01

    The mechanism of intestinal glycerol transport was investigated by using the in vitro everted sac method involving the rat small intestine. The uptake of glycerol into everted sacs was saturable with a Michaelis constant (K(m)) of 0.77 mM and a maximum transport rate (J(max)) of 11.5 nmol/min/100 mg wet tissue weight (wtw), suggesting the involvement of carrier-mediated transport, and was accompanied by unsaturable transport (passive transport) with a membrane permeability clearance (CL(m,d)) of 4.9 microl/min/100 mg wtw. The carrier-mediated uptake of glycerol was inhibited by the removal of Na(+) and also by the addition of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) and sodium azide (NaN(3)), which are metabolic inhibitors. These results suggest that the carrier-mediated glycerol transport is Na(+)-dependent and secondary active. Since glycerol uptake was also inhibited by p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonate (pCMBS), a thiol-modifying reagent, cysteine residues, which have a thiol group, seem to play an important role in the function of the carrier. We further found that glycerol uptake was selectively inhibited by glycerol-3-phosphate, chloramphenicol and voglibose, which are alcohol-related compounds analogous to glycerol. Several other compounds that did not inhibit glycerol uptake included D-glucose and 5-fluorouracil, which are known to be transported by specific carriers, and none of the selective inhibitors of glycerol uptake inhibited the uptake of D-glucose and 5-fluorouracil. Therefore, the carriers for these two compounds do not seem to be involved in glycerol uptake. It is likely that the carrier-mediated transport system involved in glycerol uptake is specific to glycerol and, possibly, some analogous compounds with hydroxyl groups. It would be interesting to examine the possibility that the carrier-mediated glycerol transport system might be involved in drug absorption and also that it might be used for oral drug delivery. PMID:15516731

  4. Duodenojejunal flexure tumors: surgical difficulties with case series

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Addala Pavan; Das, Somak; Paul, Souvik; Renganathan, Kirubakaran; Zirpe, Dinesh; Kumar, Gopa; Gopasety, Mahesh; Radhakrishna, Patta; Balachandar, Tirupporur Govindaswamy

    2015-01-01

    Background Distal duodenal and duodenojejunal flexure tumors are rare. They present late due to vague symptomatology and difficulties in establishing a diagnosis. Due to vague symptoms, these tumors would have had spread locally or metastasized to regional nodes or distant organs at presentation. Though the present standard is to achieve R0 resection for any tumor, it is quite difficult in these tumors because of their proximity to many important named vessels and viscera. Role of neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy is not established yet. Methods Medical records of patients searched who were admitted and diagnosed to have duodenal tumors between January, 2011 and March, 2014. Patients with duodenal tumors arising from third or fourth part were analysed. Radiological, endoscopic findings were noted and compared with operative and histopathological report. Results Nine patients (seven males and two females) were found to have tumor in the third and fourth part of the duodenum. All had undergone laparotomy with curative intention in eight patients. R0 resection was feasible only in five (55%) patients. The most common histopathological type is adenocarcinoma in 66% patients. Conclusions Segmental resection is feasible and may be curative in most of the patients with duodenojejunal flexure tumors, without the need for vascular resections and reconstructions. Adenocarcinomas are the most common variant. Lymph node involvement and microvascular invasion indicates poor prognosis. PMID:26029455

  5. [Brain tumors in childhood].

    PubMed

    Sinzig, M; Gasser, J; Jauk, B; Hausegger, K A

    2008-10-01

    Central nervous system (CNS) tumors are the most common solid neoplasms in childhood and the second most common malignancies after leukemia in the pediatric age group. Supratentorial tumors are more common in children younger than 2 years old and in adolescents, whereas in patients between 2 and 12 years of age brain tumors originating in the posterior fossa dominate. This implies a relationship between the type of tumor, its location and the age of the patient, which has to be considered in differential diagnoses. Medulloblastoma represents the most common malignant brain tumor in childhood. In the posterior fossa medulloblastomas are approximately as frequent as astrocytomas. Supratentorial astrocytomas are by far the main tumor type. In this report some typical CNS neoplasms in children are discussed and their neuroradiological features are demonstrated. PMID:18493733

  6. Functional tumors of the organ of Zuckerkandl.

    PubMed Central

    Glenn, F; Gray, G F

    1976-01-01

    Chromaffin-reacting pheochromocytomas of the adrenal medulla are the most frequently encountered functional paraganglionic neoplasms. However, extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas as well as non-chromaffin paragangliomas, including those of the carotid body and glomus jugulare, may produce symptoms from catecholamine secretion. One of the extra-adrenal sites from which these tumors arise is from a collection of para-aortic, paraganglion cells around the origin of the inferior mesenteric artery. This collection of paraganglia was described in fetuses by Zuckerkandl in 1901 and has subsequently been referred to as the organ of Zuckerkandl. The diagnosis and management of these neoplasms differ somewhat from that of adrenal pheochromocytomas, but excellent results are often obtained by excision of these lesions. Four patients with functional tumors of the organ of Zuckerkandl are reviewed together with the other reported cases in the literature. Images Figs. 1a and b. Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. Fig. 5. Fig. 6. Fig. 7. PMID:179483

  7. Iatrogenic tumor implantation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ying Ma; Ping Bai

    2008-01-01

    Iatrogenic tumor implantation is a condition that results from various medical procedures used during diagnosis or treatment\\u000a of a malignancy. It involves desquamation and dissemination of tumor cells that develop into a local recurrence or distant\\u000a metastasis from the tumor under treatment. The main clinical feature of the condition is nodules at the operation’s porous\\u000a channel or incision, which is

  8. Inhibitors of Tumor Angiogenesis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anaadriana Zakarija; William J. Gradishar

    \\u000a Tumor growth relies on formation of a vascular supply. In 1971, Judah Folkman was the first to propose that in order to grow\\u000a beyond 2–3 mm in size tumors required a new vascular network [16]. Subsequent research has confirmed that growth of a tumor,\\u000a both at the primary site and metastases, is dependent on neoangiogenesis [17, 24]. This development of a

  9. Headaches and brain tumors.

    PubMed

    Kirby, Sarah; Purdy, R Allan

    2014-05-01

    This article overviews headache and brain tumors, particularly from the diagnostic point of view of patients presenting with headache as their major symptom. Common and uncommon brain tumors can produce headache and investigation is warranted if any red flags are present. An overview of particular tumors and their presentations are covered along with some investigative suggestions and pertinent treatment strategies for some patients. PMID:24703537

  10. Oxygenation of Tumor Recurrences Following Fractionated Radiotherapy of Primary Tumors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Kehrl; Christoph Sagowski; Sören Wenzel; Friedrich Zywietz

    2004-01-01

    Background and Purpose: Tumor oxygenation is well recognized as a major factor of tumor response to radiotherapy. In this respect, a number of studies have examined the response of primary tumors, whereas little is known about the oxygenation of tumor recurrences after radiotherapy. It was the aim of this study to investigate the oxygenation of tumor recurrences after preceding irradiation

  11. Child protection reports: key issues arising for public health nurses.

    PubMed

    Hanafin, Sinead

    2013-10-01

    Similar to other countries, there have been a number of high-profile reports into past and recent cases of child abuse and neglect in Ireland. The most recent of these have been the Monageer Inquiry, the Ryan Report, the Roscommon Child Care Case and the Report of the Independent Child Death Review Group. An analysis of these reports highlights the critical role played by public health nurses with troubled families. It also makes explicit key issues that consistently emerge as problematic in terms of professional practice. This paper summarises the main findings of the reports as they relate to the public health nursing service and identifies key themes emerging along with recommendations arising. The emerging themes relate to assessment, early intervention, record keeping, communication and interdisciplinary working and the role of public health nursing management. PMID:24358612

  12. Irregular activity arises as a natural consequence of synaptic inhibition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Terman, D.; Rubin, J. E.; Diekman, C. O.

    2013-12-01

    Irregular neuronal activity is observed in a variety of brain regions and states. This work illustrates a novel mechanism by which irregular activity naturally emerges in two-cell neuronal networks featuring coupling by synaptic inhibition. We introduce a one-dimensional map that captures the irregular activity occurring in our simulations of conductance-based differential equations and mathematically analyze the instability of fixed points corresponding to synchronous and antiphase spiking for this map. We find that the irregular solutions that arise exhibit expansion, contraction, and folding in phase space, as expected in chaotic dynamics. Our analysis shows that these features are produced from the interplay of synaptic inhibition with sodium, potassium, and leak currents in a conductance-based framework and provides precise conditions on parameters that ensure that irregular activity will occur. In particular, the temporal details of spiking dynamics must be present for a model to exhibit this irregularity mechanism and must be considered analytically to capture these effects.

  13. Carcinosarcoma of the uterine cervix arising from Müllerian ducts.

    PubMed

    Kim, Myounghwan; Lee, Chulmin; Choi, Hoon; Ko, Ji-Kyung; Kang, Guhyun; Chun, Kyoung-Chul

    2015-05-01

    Carcinosarcomas of the uterine cervix are extremely rare. Cervical carcinosarcoma can be characterized by having two different origins: the Müllerian ducts and the mesonephric duct remnants. A 53-year-old Korean woman was admitted to the hospital because of pelvic mass detected on computed tomography scan done at private clinic. A Radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingooophorectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy was carried out upon a diagnosis of stage IB2 cervical sarcoma. Immunohistochemically, the epithelial component was positive for pancytokeratin and estrogen receptor, but negative for CD 10 and carletinin. The mesenchymal component was positive for vimentin. The histopathologic diagnosis was a carcinosarcoma of the uterine cervix arising from Müllerian ducts. She underwent chemotherapy. She developed systemic recurrence seven months after operation and died of disease. The origin of cervical carcinosarcoma needs to be verified and immunohistochemical studies using mesonephric marker (CD 10, carletinin, and estrogen receptor) is helpful. PMID:26023676

  14. Irregular activity arises as a natural consequence of synaptic inhibition

    SciTech Connect

    Terman, D., E-mail: terman@math.ohio-state.edu [Department of Mathematics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Rubin, J. E., E-mail: jonrubin@pitt.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Diekman, C. O., E-mail: diekman@njit.edu [Department of Mathematical Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey 07102 (United States)

    2013-12-15

    Irregular neuronal activity is observed in a variety of brain regions and states. This work illustrates a novel mechanism by which irregular activity naturally emerges in two-cell neuronal networks featuring coupling by synaptic inhibition. We introduce a one-dimensional map that captures the irregular activity occurring in our simulations of conductance-based differential equations and mathematically analyze the instability of fixed points corresponding to synchronous and antiphase spiking for this map. We find that the irregular solutions that arise exhibit expansion, contraction, and folding in phase space, as expected in chaotic dynamics. Our analysis shows that these features are produced from the interplay of synaptic inhibition with sodium, potassium, and leak currents in a conductance-based framework and provides precise conditions on parameters that ensure that irregular activity will occur. In particular, the temporal details of spiking dynamics must be present for a model to exhibit this irregularity mechanism and must be considered analytically to capture these effects.

  15. Carcinosarcoma of the uterine cervix arising from Müllerian ducts

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Myounghwan; Choi, Hoon; Ko, Ji-Kyung; Kang, Guhyun; Chun, Kyoung-chul

    2015-01-01

    Carcinosarcomas of the uterine cervix are extremely rare. Cervical carcinosarcoma can be characterized by having two different origins: the Müllerian ducts and the mesonephric duct remnants. A 53-year-old Korean woman was admitted to the hospital because of pelvic mass detected on computed tomography scan done at private clinic. A Radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingooophorectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy was carried out upon a diagnosis of stage IB2 cervical sarcoma. Immunohistochemically, the epithelial component was positive for pancytokeratin and estrogen receptor, but negative for CD 10 and carletinin. The mesenchymal component was positive for vimentin. The histopathologic diagnosis was a carcinosarcoma of the uterine cervix arising from Müllerian ducts. She underwent chemotherapy. She developed systemic recurrence seven months after operation and died of disease. The origin of cervical carcinosarcoma needs to be verified and immunohistochemical studies using mesonephric marker (CD 10, carletinin, and estrogen receptor) is helpful. PMID:26023676

  16. Exuberant verrucous carcinoma arising from a burn scar.

    PubMed

    Diehl, Eduardo Schenini; Fleury, Raul Negrão; Ura, Somei; Opromolla, Diltor Vladimir Araújo

    2007-02-01

    Verrucous carcinoma (VC) is an unusual, well-differentiated, and low-grade type of squamous cell carcinoma, characterized by slow growth, low metastatic spread, local invasion, and little dysplasia. It occurs predominantly on the genitals, in the oropharynx, or in the palmoplantar region, being less frequent at other sites; however, it can occur on any part of the body. Many factors have been associated with its pathogenesis, including the presence of previous skin lesions, such as varicose, decubitus, traumatic, or neuropathic plantar ulcers. VC arising from a burn scar is rare. We report the case of a patient who developed exuberant VC on his knee many years after having burn injuries at that site. PMID:17388214

  17. Tumor Ablation and Nanotechnology

    PubMed Central

    Manthe, Rachel L.; Foy, Susan P.; Krishnamurthy, Nishanth; Sharma, Blanka; Labhasetwar, Vinod

    2010-01-01

    Next to surgical resection, tumor ablation is a commonly used intervention in the treatment of solid tumors. Tumor ablation methods include thermal therapies, photodynamic therapy, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) producing agents. Thermal therapies induce tumor cell death via thermal energy and include radiofrequency, microwave, high intensity focused ultrasound, and cryoablation. Photodynamic therapy and ROS producing agents cause increased oxidative stress in tumor cells leading to apoptosis. While these therapies are safe and viable alternatives when resection of malignancies is not feasible, they do have associated limitations that prevent their widespread use in clinical applications. To improve the efficacy of these treatments, nanoparticles are being studied in combination with nonsurgical ablation regimens. In addition to better thermal effect on tumor ablation, nanoparticles can deliver anticancer therapeutics that show synergistic anti-tumor effect in the presence of heat and can also be imaged to achieve precision in therapy. Understanding the molecular mechanism of nanoparticle-mediated tumor ablation could further help engineer nanoparticles of appropriate composition and properties to synergize the ablation effect. This review aims to explore the various types of nonsurgical tumor ablation methods currently used in cancer treatment and potential improvements by nanotechnology applications. PMID:20866097

  18. Equine melanocytic tumors.

    PubMed

    Phillips, Jeffrey C; Lembcke, Luis M

    2013-12-01

    Melanomas are among the most common skin tumors in horses, with prevalence rates reaching as high as 80% in adult gray horses. Most melanocytic tumors are benign at initial presentation; however, if left untreated, up to two-thirds can progress to overt malignant behavior. Standard local treatment options can be used to treat solitary early-stage lesions but do not address the underlying risk of recurrent tumor formation or the transformation to a malignant phenotype. An understanding of the specific molecular genetic factors associated with tumor formation should lead to targeted therapies that can be used to treat or ideally prevent disease. PMID:24267683

  19. Unbalanced translocations arise from diverse mutational mechanisms including chromothripsis.

    PubMed

    Weckselblatt, Brooke; Hermetz, Karen E; Rudd, M Katharine

    2015-07-01

    Unbalanced translocations are a relatively common type of copy number variation and a major contributor to neurodevelopmental disorders. We analyzed the breakpoints of 57 unique unbalanced translocations to investigate the mechanisms of how they form. Fifty-one are simple unbalanced translocations between two different chromosome ends, and six rearrangements have more than three breakpoints involving two to five chromosomes. Sequencing 37 breakpoint junctions revealed that simple translocations have between 0 and 4 base pairs (bp) of microhomology (n = 26), short inserted sequences (n = 8), or paralogous repeats (n = 3) at the junctions, indicating that translocations do not arise primarily from nonallelic homologous recombination but instead form most often via nonhomologous end joining or microhomology-mediated break-induced replication. Three simple translocations fuse genes that are predicted to produce in-frame transcripts of SIRPG-WWOX, SMOC2-PROX1, and PIEZO2-MTA1, which may lead to gain of function. Three complex translocations have inversions, insertions, and multiple breakpoint junctions between only two chromosomes. Whole-genome sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of two de novo translocations revealed at least 18 and 33 breakpoints involving five different chromosomes. Breakpoint sequencing of one maternally inherited translocation involving four chromosomes uncovered multiple breakpoints with inversions and insertions. All of these breakpoint junctions had 0-4 bp of microhomology consistent with chromothripsis, and both de novo events occurred on paternal alleles. Together with other studies, these data suggest that germline chromothripsis arises in the paternal genome and may be transmitted maternally. Breakpoint sequencing of our large collection of chromosome rearrangements provides a comprehensive analysis of the molecular mechanisms behind translocation formation. PMID:26070663

  20. Treatment of metastatic disease in patients with neuroendocrine tumors.

    PubMed

    Niederhuber, John E; Fojo, Tito

    2006-07-01

    Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GENTs) compromise a heterogeneous group of relatively uncommon neoplasms with a yearly incidence rate of 1.2 to 3.0 per 100,000 population. These tumors share numerous histologic and biologic features, allowing their consideration as a common entity. They are postulated to arise from neuroendocrine cells, but most are not from neural crest origin. Their predominant site of origin is the gastrointestinal tract, where most involve the small intestine and appendix, but are also found in the adrenal medulla, bronchopulmonary system, pancreas, thyroid, parathyroid, and paraganglia cells. A common feature is their often indolent course, but some tumors are poorly differentiated and behave aggressively. This article addresses the surgical management of endocrine malignancies and the treatment of metastatic disease in patients with neuroendocrine tumors. PMID:16882495

  1. Intensity Variations of Narrow Bands of Solar UV Radiation during Descending Phases of SACs 21-23

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gigolashvili, M.; Kapanadze, N.

    2014-12-01

    The study of variations of four narrow bands of solar spectral irradiance (SSI) in the ultraviolet (UV) range for period 1981-2008 is presented. Observational data obtained by space-flight missions SORCE, UARS, SME and daily meanings of international sunspot number (ISN) have been used. The investigated data cover the decreasing phases of the solar activity cycles (SACs) 21, 22 and 23. We have revealed a peculiar behavior of intensity variability of some solar ultraviolet spectral lines originated in the solar chromospheres for period corresponding to the declining phase of the solar cycle 23. It is found that variability of emission of different solar spectral narrow bands (289.5 nm, 300.5 nm) does not agree equally well with ISN variability during decreasing phase of the solar activity cycle 23. The negative correlations between total solar irradiance and the solar spectral narrow bands of UV emission (298.5 nm, 300.5 nm) had been revealed. The existence of the negative correlation can be explained by the sensitivity of SSI of some emission lines to the solar global magnetic field.

  2. A morphological analysis of the transition between the embryonic primitive intestine and yolk sac in bovine embryos and fetuses.

    PubMed

    Mançanares, Celina A F; Leiser, Rudolf; Favaron, Phelipe O; Carvalho, Ana F; Oliveira, Vanessa C De; Santos, José M Dos; Ambrósio, Carlos E; Miglino, Maria A

    2013-07-01

    The yolk sac (YS) is the main source of embryonic nutrition during the period when the placenta has not yet formed. It is also responsible for hematopoiesis because the blood cells develop from it as part of the primitive embryonic circulation. The objective of this study was to characterize the transitional area between the YS and primitive gut using the techniques of light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry to detect populations of pluripotent cells by labeling with Oct4 antibody. In all investigated embryos, serial sections were made to permit the identification of this small, restricted area. We identified the YS connection with the primitive intestine and found that it is composed of many blood islands, which correspond to the vessels covered by vitelline and mesenchymal cells. We identified large numbers of hemangioblasts inside the vessels. The mesenchymal layer was thin and composed of elongated cells, and the vitelline endodermal membrane was composed of large, mono- or binucleated cells. The epithelium of the primitive intestine comprised stratified columnar cells and undifferentiated mesenchymal cells. The transitional area between the YS and the primitive intestine was very thin and composed of cells with irregular shapes, which formed a delicate lumen containing hemangioblasts. In the mesenchyme of the transitional area, there were a considerable number of small vessels containing hemangioblasts. Using Oct4 as a primary antibody, we identified positive cells in the metanephros, primordial gonad, and hepatic parenchyma as well as in YS cells, suggesting that these regions contain populations of pluripotent cells. PMID:23650099

  3. Automatic segmentation of the spinal cord and the dural sac in lumbar MR images using gradient vector flow field.

    PubMed

    Koh, Jaehan; Kim, Taehyong; Chaudhary, Vipin; Dhillon, Gurmeet

    2010-01-01

    A Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system aims to facilitate characterization and quantification of abnormalities as well as minimize interpretation errors caused by tedious tasks of image screening and radiologic diagnosis. The system usually consists of segmentation, feature extraction and diagnosis, and segmentation significantly affects the diagnostic performance. In this paper, we propose an automatic segmentation method that extracts the spinal cord and the dural sac from T2-weighted sagittal magnetic resonance (MR) images of lumbar spine without the need of any human intervention. Our method utilizes a gradient vector flow (GVF) field to find the candidate blobs and performs a connected component analysis for the final segmentation. MR Images from fifty two subjects were employed for our experiments and the segmentation results were quantitatively compared against reference segmentation by two medical specialists in terms of a mutual overlap metric. The experimental results showed that, on average, our method achieved a similarity index of 0.7 with a standard deviation of 0.0571 that indicated a substantial agreement. We plan to apply this segmentation method to computer-aided diagnosis of many lumbar-related pathologies. PMID:21095746

  4. Mortality of walleye eggs and rainbow trout yolk-sac larvae in low-pH waters in the LaCloche Mountain area, Ontario

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PETER F. HULSMAN; PERCE M. POWLES; JOHN M. GUNN

    1983-01-01

    Freshly fertilized eggs of walleye Stizostedion vitreum were incubated in the outlet waters of George Lake (pH 5.4) and sections of a nearby stream (pH 6.0, 6.6). Ten-day bioassays with yolk-sac larvae of rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri were run concurrently at the walleye sites and at additional sites with low pH (4.6) and with humic water (pH 5.5). Walleye egg

  5. The Fourier Imaging X-ray Spectrometer (FIXS) for the Argentinian, Scout-launched satelite de Aplicaciones Cienficas-1 (SAC-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dennis, Brian R.; Crannell, Carol JO; Desai, Upendra D.; Orwig, Larry E.; Kiplinger, Alan L.; Schwartz, Richard A.; Hurford, Gordon J.; Emslie, A. Gordon; Machado, Marcos; Wood, Kent

    1988-01-01

    The Fourier Imaging X-ray Spectrometer (FIXS) is one of four instruments on SAC-1, the Argentinian satellite being proposed for launch by NASA on a Scout rocket in 1992/3. The FIXS is designed to provide solar flare images at X-ray energies between 5 and 35 keV. Observations will be made on arcsecond size scales and subsecond time scales of the processes that modify the electron spectrum and the thermal distribution in flaring magnetic structures.

  6. A comparison of dynamic transperineal ultrasound (DTP-US) with dynamic evacuation proctography (DEP) in the diagnosis of cul de sac hernia (enterocele) in patients with evacuatory dysfunction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Beer-Gabel; Y. Assoulin; M. Amitai; E. Bardan

    2008-01-01

    Background\\/Aims  Cul-de-sac hernias (enterocele and peritoneocele) are difficult to diagnose in patients presenting with primary evacuatory\\u000a difficulty. Failure to recognize their presence in patients undergoing surgery may lead to poor functional outcome. Accurate\\u000a diagnosis requires specialized investigation including dynamic evacuation proctography (DEP) or dynamic magnetic resonance\\u000a (MR) imaging. Recently, dynamic transperineal ultrasonography (DTP-US) has been used for this purpose. This study

  7. Interaction of a Cationic N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide Copolymer with Rat Visceral Yolk Sacs Cultured in vitro and Rat Liver in vivo

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Anne Mccormick; Leonard C. W. Seymour; Ruth Duncan; Jind?ich Kopecek

    1986-01-01

    N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymers and polycations, such as poly-L-lysine, have been proposed as potential drug delivery systems. HPMA copolymers were synthesised to contain a low percentage of tyrosinamide residues facilitating their radioiodination, and in one case also containing a cationic group. The effect of the cationic residue on the association of copolymer with rat visceral yolk sacs incubated in vitro was

  8. Characterisation of the European Marine Sites in South West England: the Fal and Helford candidate Special Area of Conservation (cSAC)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Langston; B. Chesman; G. Burt; M. Taylor; R. Covey; N. Cunningham; P. Jonas; S. Hawkins

    The Conservation (Natural Habitats, & c.) Regulations 1994 which implement the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92\\/43\\/EEC) and Birds Directive (79\\/409\\/EEC) in the UK include a number of provisions for the protection of European Marine Sites (marine candidate Special Areas of Conservation (cSAC) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs)), including the requirement for competent authorities to assess the effects of new and

  9. Characterisation of the European Marine Sites in South West England: The Fal and Helford Candidate Special Area of Conservation (cSAC)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. J. Langston; B. S. Chesman; G. R. Burt; M. Taylor; R. Covey; N. Cunningham; P. Jonas; S. J. Hawkins

    2006-01-01

    The Conservation (Natural Habitats, & c.) Regulations 1994 which implement the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92\\/43\\/EEC) and Birds Directive (79\\/409\\/EEC) in the UK include a number of provisions for the protection of European Marine Sites (marine candidate Special Areas of Conservation (cSAC) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs)), including the requirement for competent authorities to assess the effects of new and

  10. Development and function of pearl-sacs grown from regenerated mantle graft tissue in the black-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758).

    PubMed

    Kishore, Pranesh; Southgate, Paul C

    2015-08-01

    Current pearl grafting techniques were developed in the early 1900s and have changed little since. They involve the sacrifice of donor pearl oysters to provide graft tissue (saibo) that is implanted into host oysters. This study assessed the feasibility of using regenerated graft tissue for pearl production in the 'black-lip' pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera. Twelve days after grafting with regenerated graft tissue, there was complete encapsulation of the nucleus by the fully developed pearl-sac and the first layer of organic matrix had been secreted. Sixteen days after grafting, the pearl-sac was completely integrated with host tissue. The epithelial cells in the pearl-sac continued to secrete the organic matrix layer but there were no signs of nacre deposition at this stage. However, after three months of culture, nuclei in oysters grafted with regenerated mantle tissue were completely covered with nacre. The average nacre thickness on pearls produced from regenerated (0.547 ± 0.01 mm, n = 8) and normal (0.532 ± 0.01 mm, n = 8) mantle tissue did not differ significantly (p > 0.05). Nacre secretion rates, over the 80 day period subsequent to pearl-sac formation were 6.84 ± 0.1 ?m day(-1) and 6.66 ± 0.1 ?m day(-1) for oysters grafted with regenerated and normal mantle tissue, respectively. These means were not significantly different (p = 0.258). Our results clearly show that regenerated mantle tissue can function successfully as saibo for pearl production in P. margaritifera. This finding could provide significant benefits to pearl farmers and a basis for further development of current pearl grafting practices. PMID:25982400

  11. Odour-based species recognition in two sympatric species of sac-winged bats ( Saccopteryx bilineata, S. leptura) : combining chemical analyses, behavioural observations and odour preference tests

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara A. Caspers; Frank C. Schroeder; Stephan Franke; W. Jürgen Streich; Christian C. Voigt

    2009-01-01

    Combining chemical analysis and odour preference tests, we asked whether two closely related sympatric species of sac-winged\\u000a bats use odour for species recognition. Males of the two sister species Saccopteryx bilineata and Saccopteryx leptura have pouches containing an odoriferous liquid in their antebrachial wing membrane, which is used in S. bilineata during courtship displays. Although both species occasionally share the

  12. Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Pulmonary Smooth Muscle Tumor After Lung Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Brescia, Alexander A; Khullar, Onkar V; Gal, Anthony A; Neujahr, David; Force, Seth D

    2015-06-01

    We report an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated pulmonary posttransplant smooth muscle tumor arising in the left lung of a 71-year-old bilateral lung transplant recipient nearly 3 years after transplantation, treated with thoracoscopic wedge resection. Four previous smooth muscle tumors have been reported following lung transplantation. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an EBV-positive posttransplant smooth muscle tumor within the transplanted lung. We describe the clinical, pathologic, and histologic diagnosis of this uncommon tumor. PMID:26046906

  13. Magnetic resonance imaging and thallium-201 scintigraphy for the diagnosis of localized pigmented villonodular synovitis arising from the elbow: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    KOTO, KAZUTAKA; MURATA, HIROAKI; SAKABE, TOMOYA; MATSUI, TAKAAKI; HORIE, NAOYUKI; SAWAI, YASUSHI; TSUJI, YOSHIRO; KUBO, TOSHIKAZU

    2013-01-01

    Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) arising from the elbow joint is extremely rare; only 24 cases have been reported. It is extremely difficult to differentiate PVNS from other soft tissue tumors on the basis of imaging findings alone. Therefore, a biopsy is required for definitive diagnosis. A 20-year-old female reported a mass on her right elbow. Physical examination revealed a tumor measuring 3.0x3.0 cm. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed that the signal intensity of the tumor was isointense to muscle on T1-weighted images; however, it was hyper- or isointense to muscle on T2-weighted images. In images obtained by gadolinium-enhanced MRI, the margin of the tumor was well-contrasted. Thallium (Tl)-201 scintigrams revealed an abnormal accumulation in the area of the mass in the early and delayed phases. On the basis of clinical findings, imaging characteristics and incision biopsy results, localized PVNS was diagnosed and marginal excision was performed. We thus identified an extremely rare case of PVNS arising from the elbow joint. When interpreting Tl-201 images for the assessment of bone and soft tissue lesions, it is important to recognize PVNS as a condition that simulates malignant tumors. Furthermore, PVNS should be considered in the differential diagnosis when increased Tl-201 activity is closely related to the joint. MRI aids in the differentiation by demonstrating features of hemosiderin degradation products. These findings are likely to be extremely helpful in the differential diagnosis of bone and soft tissue tumors. PMID:23737864

  14. Magnetic resonance imaging and thallium-201 scintigraphy for the diagnosis of localized pigmented villonodular synovitis arising from the elbow: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Koto, Kazutaka; Murata, Hiroaki; Sakabe, Tomoya; Matsui, Takaaki; Horie, Naoyuki; Sawai, Yasushi; Tsuji, Yoshiro; Kubo, Toshikazu

    2013-05-01

    Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) arising from the elbow joint is extremely rare; only 24 cases have been reported. It is extremely difficult to differentiate PVNS from other soft tissue tumors on the basis of imaging findings alone. Therefore, a biopsy is required for definitive diagnosis. A 20-year-old female reported a mass on her right elbow. Physical examination revealed a tumor measuring 3.0x3.0 cm. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed that the signal intensity of the tumor was isointense to muscle on T1-weighted images; however, it was hyper- or isointense to muscle on T2-weighted images. In images obtained by gadolinium-enhanced MRI, the margin of the tumor was well-contrasted. Thallium (Tl)-201 scintigrams revealed an abnormal accumulation in the area of the mass in the early and delayed phases. On the basis of clinical findings, imaging characteristics and incision biopsy results, localized PVNS was diagnosed and marginal excision was performed. We thus identified an extremely rare case of PVNS arising from the elbow joint. When interpreting Tl-201 images for the assessment of bone and soft tissue lesions, it is important to recognize PVNS as a condition that simulates malignant tumors. Furthermore, PVNS should be considered in the differential diagnosis when increased Tl-201 activity is closely related to the joint. MRI aids in the differentiation by demonstrating features of hemosiderin degradation products. These findings are likely to be extremely helpful in the differential diagnosis of bone and soft tissue tumors. PMID:23737864

  15. Observations of OM/OC and specific attenuation coefficients (SAC) in ambient fine PM at a rural site in central Ontario, Canada

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chan, T. W.; Huang, L.; Leaitch, W. R.; Sharma, S.; Brook, J. R.; Slowik, J. G.; Abbatt, J. P. D.; Brickell, P. C.; Liggio, J.; Li, S.-M.; Moosmüller, H.

    2010-03-01

    Ambient particulate matter (PM) samples were collected on quartz filters at a rural site in central Ontario during an intensive study in 2007. The concentrations of organic carbon (OC), pyrolysis organic carbon (POC), and elemental carbon (EC) were determined by thermal analysis. The concentrations are compared to the organic aerosol mass concentration (OM) measured with an Aerodyne C-ToF Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) and to the particle absorption coefficient (basp) obtained from a Radiance Research Particle Soot Absorption Photometer (PSAP). The total organic mass to organic carbon ratios (OM/OC) and specific attenuation coefficients (SAC=basp/EC) are derived. Proportionality of the POC mass with the oxygen mass in the aerosols estimated from the AMS offers a potential means to estimate OM/OC from thermal measurements only. The mean SAC for the study is 3.8±0.3 m2 g-1. It is found that the SAC is independent of or decrease with increasing particle mass loading, depending on whether or not the data are separated between aerosols dominated by more recent anthropogenic input and aerosols dominated by longer residence time or biogenic components. There is no evidence to support an enhancement of light absorption by the condensation of secondary material to particles, suggesting that present model simulations built on such an assumption may overestimate atmospheric warming by BC.

  16. Retinoid metabolism (LRAT, REH) in the yolk-sac membrane of Japanese quail eggs and effects of mono-ortho-PCBs.

    PubMed

    Boily, M H; Ndayibagira, A; Spear, P A

    2003-01-01

    Retinoids stored in the avian egg are essential for normal development, however, laboratory and field experiments suggest that they are affected by environmental contaminants. Lecithin:retinol acyltransferase (LRAT) activity was detected in the microsomal fraction of the yolk-sac membrane of the Japanese quail at day 6 of development. LRAT activity was maximal at pH 7.0 having apparent kinetic parameters of K(m)=1.35 microM and V(max)=0.21 nmol/mg protein/h and was inhibited by the sulfhydryl modifying agent N-ethyl-maleimide. Retinol ester hydrolase (REH) activity in the microsomal fraction of the yolk-sac membrane was stimulated by the bile salt analogue 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl) dimethyl-ammonio]-1-propane sulfonate and was maximal at pH 9.0 with apparent K(m)=77 microM and V(max)=34.3 nmol/mg protein/h. Injection of the PCB congener 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl increased both REH and LRAT activities, whereas 2,3,3',4-tetrachlorobiphenyl stimulated LRAT. Yolk retinol concentration and the molar ratio retinol:retinyl palmitate were lower in the exposed eggs. Yolk retinol concentration decreased as LRAT increased (R(2)=0.89) suggesting that certain PCB congeners may affect vitamin A mobilization in ovo by increasing LRAT activity in the yolk-sac membrane. PMID:12524014

  17. The FRK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK) from Solanum chacoense is involved in embryo sac and pollen development

    PubMed Central

    Lafleur, Edith; Kapfer, Christelle; Joly, Valentin; Liu, Yang; Tebbji, Faiza; Daigle, Caroline; Gray-Mitsumune, Madoka; Cappadocia, Mario; Nantel, André; Matton, Daniel P.

    2015-01-01

    The fertilization-related kinase 1 (ScFRK1), a nuclear-localized mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK) from the wild potato species Solanum chacoense, belongs to a small group of pMEKKs that do not possess an extended N- or C-terminal regulatory domain. Initially selected based on its highly specific expression profile following fertilization, in situ expression analyses revealed that the ScFRK1 gene is also expressed early on during female gametophyte development in the integument and megaspore mother cell and, later, in the synergid and egg cells of the embryo sac. ScFRK1 mRNAs are also detected in pollen mother cells. Transgenic plants with lower or barely detectable levels of ScFRK1 mRNAs lead to the production of small fruits with severely reduced seed set, resulting from a concomitant decline in the number of normal embryo sacs produced. Megagametogenesis and microgametogenesis were affected, as megaspores did not progress beyond the functional megaspore (FG1) stage and the microspore collapsed around the first pollen mitosis. As for other mutants that affect embryo sac development, pollen tube guidance was severely affected in the ScFRK1 transgenic lines. Gametophyte to sporophyte communication was also affected, as observed from a marked change in the transcriptomic profiles of the sporophytic tissues of the ovule. The ScFRK1 MAPKKK is thus involved in a signalling cascade that regulates both male and female gamete development. PMID:25576576

  18. Solitary fibrous tumor of the greater omentum, mimicking gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the small intestine: a case report.

    PubMed

    Urabe, Masayuki; Yamagata, Yukinori; Aikou, Susumu; Mori, Kazuhiko; Yamashita, Hiroharu; Nomura, Sachiyo; Shibahara, Junji; Fukayama, Masashi; Seto, Yasuyuki

    2015-05-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is one of the mesenchymal tumors, which rarely arises in the abdominal space. We report a very rare case of abdominal SFT, mimicking another mesenchymal tumor. A 52-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital for further evaluation and treatment of gallbladder polyp. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed an enhanced nodule within the gallbladder, and incidentally, also showed a well-circumscribed mass adjacent to the small intestine. The mass was depicted as slightly high density in plain CT, and with contrast-enhancement, the mass was partially stained in early phase and the stained area spread heterogeneously in delayed phase. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the abdominal mass was depicted as slightly high intensity on T2-weighted imaging and low intensity on T1-weighted imaging. With double-balloon endoscopy and capsule endoscopy, we did not find any tumor inside the small intestine. These visual findings lead us to diagnose it as gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the small intestine with extraluminal growth. We planned to resect both the gallbladder polyp and the intraperitoneal tumor at the same time for pathologic diagnosis and treatment. When the operation was performed, we found a milk-white lobulated tumor on the greater omentum and the tumor was entirely resected. Microscopically, the gallbladder polyp was diagnosed as tubular adenoma, and the omental tumor was diagnosed as SFT. It is important to bear in mind that omental SFTs sometimes mimic other mesenchymal tumors and should be included in the differential diagnosis of abdominal tumor not revealed by endoscopy. PMID:26011203

  19. Management of presacral tumors: Our experience with posterior approach

    PubMed Central

    Saxena, Dhananjay; Pandey, Abhinav; Bugalia, Rajendra Prasad; Kumar, Mahendra; Kadam, Raju; Agarwal, Vipul; Goyal, Amit; Kankaria, Jeevan; Jenaw, Raj Kamal

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Presacral tumors are a rare variety of space occupying lesions arising in the presacral space. Most of the tumors are congenital in origin. Due to obscure anatomic location, difficult surgical approach and etiological heterogeneity, tumors arising here pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We report our experience of 10 cases of presacral tumors with posterior approach being used in 6. Materials and methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on 10 cases of presacral tumors managed at our hospital during a period of 14 months (May 2013–July 2014). 9 cases were operated while one had advanced disease and was referred for palliative care. Complete en bloc excision of the mass was possible in 8 cases. Finally, presenting complaints, clinical diagnosis, surgical procedure and histopahological findings of the cases were studied. Results All of our patients were females in the age group of 18–50 (mean 28.4) years. The pathological findings included schwannoma, leiomyosarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, neurofibroma, paraganglioma and rest were developmental cysts. 6 cases were managed using the posterior approach and rest by anterior approach. There was no major complication or mortality in the follow up. Conclusion Complete surgical excision remains the mainstay of therapy. Surgical approach depends upon the location, size, local invasion and surgical expertise of the surgeon. Benign tumors have a good prognosis while the prognosis in malignant tumors remains guarded due to difficulty in obtaining safe resection margins. Posterior approach is an attractive option for low lying, benign tumors that is more direct, with better exposure and quicker recovery. PMID:25996775

  20. Treatment Option Overview (Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Professional Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors Treatment Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®) General Information About Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors Key Points Extragonadal germ cell tumors form ...