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1

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 5/08)  

E-print Network

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 5/08) SLIPS, TRIPS, FALLS ­ REDUCING RISK AND AVOIDING INJURY surfaces, and remaining alert to the work surroundings. This SOP provides recommendations for abating. · Avoid placement of cords in travel paths. Use a cord runner when such placement can not be avoided. · Do

Farritor, Shane

2

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 6/10)  

E-print Network

. The electrode is eventually consumed in the process as it becomes molten and forms the weld. TIG (Tungsten Inert acetylene is highly flammable and will ignite organic materials. · The maximum safe working pressure

Farritor, Shane

3

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 9/08)  

E-print Network

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 9/08) DOSIMETRY PROGRAM ______________________________________________________________________ (For assistance, please contact EHS at (402) 472-4925, or visit our web site at http://ehs.unl.edu/) Dosimeters are used to detect and measure an individual's dose from external radiation. The dosimetry program

Farritor, Shane

4

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 4/09)  

E-print Network

of prohibited foods. · Home-canned or packaged foods. · Crème pies, desserts with meringue, and other dishesSafe Operating Procedure (Revised 4/09) FOOD EVENT SAFETY://ehs.unl.edu/) Student and faculty organizations intending to serve food at an event held on the premises

Farritor, Shane

5

Safe Operating Procedure SAFETY PROTOCOL: URANIUM  

E-print Network

Safe Operating Procedure (5/09) SAFETY PROTOCOL: URANIUM be approved by the RSC. Physical Data Physical data for isotopes of uranium and primary decay products are provided in the following table. Table 1. Physical Properties of Uranium Isotopes. Isotope Half

Farritor, Shane

6

Toolbox Safety Talk Electrical Safe Work Practices  

E-print Network

materials, and insulated tools must be used. OTHER ELECTRICAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS Portable generators shallToolbox Safety Talk Electrical Safe Work Practices Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Incidents involving electricity can cause

Pawlowski, Wojtek

7

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 1/09)  

E-print Network

alert and safely operate equipment. · Shut off all farm machinery before exiting the vehicle. · Read to specifications. Road Safety · Make the vehicle as narrow as possible by adjusting hitches, folding unloading terrain may be rough and cause tipping. To allow vehicles to pass, wait for a safe place and pull off

Farritor, Shane

8

Work Study Program Procedure Manual  

E-print Network

Work Study Program Procedure Manual Prepared by: Student Financial Services, Office..............................................................................................................2 Responsibilities of the Work Study Supervisor.....................................................6 Responsibilities of the Work Study Administrator...............................................7

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

9

Work Study Program Procedure Manual  

E-print Network

Work Study Program Procedure Manual Prepared by: Student Financial Services, Office..............................................................................................................2 Responsibilities of the Work Study Supervisor.....................................................5 Responsibilities of the Work Study Administrator...............................................6

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

10

Zoonotic Diseases: Work Smart, Stay Safe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How can people who work around wildlife stay safe? It's an important question, especially considering the spread of zoonotic diseases. This helpful instructional 90-minute seminar created by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) is designed to provide a basic overview of these diseases and their transmission. Visitors to the site can also learn about common routes of disease exposure and biosafety recommendations. The diseases discussed here include the plague, rabies, Lyme disease, giardia, and tularemia. This resource is perfect for persons in a variety of occupational settings, including zookeepers, animal control experts, and others.

2011-05-13

11

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)  

E-print Network

or procedures · Use transfer pipettes, spill trays, and absorbent coverings to confine contamination. · Volatile chemical forms should be handled in a certified fume hood. · Use lab coats, safety glasses, and disposable surfaces to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves

Farritor, Shane

12

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 9/10)  

E-print Network

or procedures · Use transfer pipettes, spill trays, and absorbent coverings to confine contamination. · Volatile chemical forms should be handled in a certified fume hood. · Use lab coats, safety glasses, and disposable surfaces to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves

Farritor, Shane

13

Closure of colostomyA safe procedure?  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryA retrospective survey of a series of 73 patients undergoing closure of colostomy has been carried out. Closure was complicated\\u000a in 37.8 per cent of cases, and fecal fistulas occurred in 17.6 per cent. The overall mortality rate of the procedure was 2.7\\u000a per cent. The underlying disease (carcinoma or diverticulitis) did not influence the complication rate. Furthermore, intraperitoneal\\u000a and

M. H. Wheeler; J. Barker

1977-01-01

14

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)  

E-print Network

coverings to confine contamination. · Volatile chemical forms should be handled in a certified fume hood and promptly decontaminate gloves and work surfaces to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves appropriate for chemicals handled. · Do not work over open

Farritor, Shane

15

Safe Operating Procedure SAFETY PROTOCOL: Rb-86  

E-print Network

to confine contamination. · Volatile chemical forms should be handled in a certified fume hood. · Use lab and promptly decontaminate gloves and work surfaces to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves appropriate for chemicals handled. · Do not work over open

Farritor, Shane

16

Working safely in gamma radiography. A training manual for industrial radiographers  

SciTech Connect

This manual is designed for classroom training in working safely in industrial radiography using gamma sources. The purpose is to train radiographers' assistants to work safely as a qualified gamma radiographer. The contents cover the essentials of radiation, radiation protection, emergency procedures, gamma cameras, and biological effects of radiation. (ACR)

McGuire, S.A.; Peabody, C.A.

1982-09-01

17

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 6/08)  

E-print Network

materials arriving at the work area and open them within a biological safety cabinet. If stains are present/01; Revised 7/04) UNL Environmental Health and Safety · (402) 472-4925 · http://ehs.unl.edu 1 #12;off limits

Farritor, Shane

18

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 5/08)  

E-print Network

and minimize health effects before medical attention can be secured. General Considerations · All work related in training and receive appropriate vaccinations. · Kits that are intended for use by designated emergency is appropriate for vehicles, while a soft side case or designated cabinet is appropriate in clean environments

Farritor, Shane

19

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)  

E-print Network

, and absorbent coverings to confine contamination. · Volatile chemical forms should be handled in a certified. · Regularly monitor and promptly decontaminate gloves and work surfaces to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves appropriate for chemicals handled. 2

Farritor, Shane

20

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)  

E-print Network

coverings to confine contamination. · Volatile chemical forms should be handled in a certified fume hood and promptly decontaminate gloves and work surfaces to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves appropriate for chemicals handled. 2. Shielding requirements

Farritor, Shane

21

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)  

E-print Network

contamination. · Volatile chemical forms should be handled in a certified fume hood. · Use lab coats, safety gloves and work surfaces to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves appropriate for chemicals handled. 2. Shielding requirements · None is needed with typical

Farritor, Shane

22

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)  

E-print Network

, spill trays, and absorbent coverings to confine contamination. · Volatile chemical forms should as needed. · Regularly monitor and promptly decontaminate gloves and work surfaces to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves appropriate for chemicals handled

Farritor, Shane

23

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)  

E-print Network

transfer pipettes, spill trays and absorbent coverings to confine contamination. · Volatile chemical forms to maintain contamination and exposures As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). · Select gloves appropriate for chemicals handled. · Do not work over open containers; as practical. (Created 8/03; Revised 6/06) UNL

Farritor, Shane

24

Diagnostic anterior chamber paracentesis in uveitis: a safe procedure?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDDifferentiation between infectious and non-infectious uveitis is of crucial value for accurate management of patients with uveitis. Tests performed on aqueous humour yield more relevant information than those done in serum. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the aqueous humour tap for diagnostic purposes is a safe procedure to perform in uveitis patients.METHODSIn this retrospective study 361

Allegonda Van der Lelij; Aniki Rothova

1997-01-01

25

75 FR 70557 - Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program; Draft Policies and Procedures for Screening Safe Drinking...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures for Screening Safe Drinking Water Act Chemicals, Second List of...Procedures for Screening Safe Drinking Water Act Chemicals AGENCY: Environmental...pursuant to section 1457 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and section...

2010-11-17

26

29 CFR 1919.76 - Safe working load reduction.  

... false Safe working load reduction. 1919.76 Section 1919...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...1919.76 Safe working load reduction. (a) If the operation...original load rating and the load reduction is not for the purpose of...

2014-07-01

27

29 CFR 1919.76 - Safe working load reduction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Safe working load reduction. 1919.76 Section 1919...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...1919.76 Safe working load reduction. (a) If the operation...original load rating and the load reduction is not for the purpose of...

2010-07-01

28

29 CFR 1919.76 - Safe working load reduction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Safe working load reduction. 1919.76 Section 1919...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...1919.76 Safe working load reduction. (a) If the operation...original load rating and the load reduction is not for the purpose of...

2011-07-01

29

29 CFR 1919.76 - Safe working load reduction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Safe working load reduction. 1919.76 Section 1919...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...1919.76 Safe working load reduction. (a) If the operation...original load rating and the load reduction is not for the purpose of...

2012-07-01

30

29 CFR 1919.76 - Safe working load reduction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Safe working load reduction. 1919.76 Section 1919...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...1919.76 Safe working load reduction. (a) If the operation...original load rating and the load reduction is not for the purpose of...

2013-07-01

31

Pectus tunneloscopy: making Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum safe  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES The Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum involves the risk of cardiac injury during the creation of the retrosternal tunnel and during bar introduction or removal across the tunnel. A modified novel real-time technique for the safe introduction of the Nuss bar across the crucial retrosternal tunnel blind spot during introduction and removal is described. METHODS In 2012, we devised a technique for real-time endovision-guided introduction of the Nuss bar called pectus tunneloscopy. Between February 2012 and December 2012, 6 patients with pectus excavatum had their bar introduced across the tunnel using this technique. RESULTS This technique provided safe introduction and removal of the bar during the multiple times the bar is remodelled before final fixation. CONCLUSIONS Pectus tunneloscopy is a real-time endovision surgical technique, providing safe introduction of the bar across the crucial retrosternal tunnel blind spot. PMID:23660736

Darlong, Laleng M.

2013-01-01

32

Introduction to working safely with large animals in containment  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This manuscript examines biosafety challenges posed when conducting work with animals and zoonotic pathogens. It provides solutions for working with animals in a manner that promotes both safe and responsible research. Good safety and animal husbandry are essential for good science. Best practices w...

33

Radiological Work Planning and Procedure  

SciTech Connect

Each facility is tasked with maintaining personnel radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). A continued effort is required to meet this goal by developing and implementing improvements to technical work documents (TWDs) and work performance. A review of selected TWDs from most facilities shows there is a need to incorporate more radiological control requirements into the TWD. The Radioactive Work Permit (RWP) provides a mechanism to place some of the requirements but does not provide all the information needed by the worker as he/she is accomplishing the steps of the TWD. Requiring the engineers, planners and procedure writers to put the radiological control requirements in the work steps would be very easy if all personnel had a strong background in radiological work planning and radiological controls. Unfortunately, many of these personnel do not have the background necessary to include these requirements without assistance by the Radiological Control organization at each facility. In addition, there seems to be confusion as to what should be and what should not be included in the TWD.

KURTZ, J.E.

2000-01-01

34

Department of Geoscience Safe Work Instructions Working Alone  

E-print Network

a critical injury Quick-acting acutely toxic material as described by the Material Safety Data Sheet Use of the Working Alone policy is to promote worker awareness and facilitate worker safety when they are working, or similar material handling equipment where the operator does not have full view of the intended path

Habib, Ayman

35

49 CFR 230.23 - Responsibility for general construction and safe working pressure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...construction and safe working pressure. The steam locomotive...establish the safe working pressure for each steam locomotive...thickness of the shell plates, the lowest tensile strength of the...locomotive's safe working pressure has been established....

2010-10-01

36

78 FR 35909 - Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program; Final Policies and Procedures for Screening Safe Drinking...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Procedures for Screening Safe Drinking Water Act Chemicals AGENCY: Environmental...pursuant to section 1457 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and section 408...that may be found in sources of drinking water; if you manufacture or...

2013-06-14

37

Living and Working Safely Around High-Voltage Power Lines.  

SciTech Connect

High-voltage transmission lines can be just as safe as the electrical wiring in the homes--or just as dangerous. The crucial factor is ourselves: they must learn to behave safely around them. This booklet is a basic safety guide for those who live and work around power lines. It deals primarily with nuisance shocks due to induced voltages, and with potential electric shock hazards from contact with high-voltage lines. References on possible long-term biological effects of transmission lines are shown. In preparing this booklet, the Bonneville Power Administration has drawn on more than 50 years of experience with high-voltage transmission. BPA operates one of the world`s largest networks of long-distance, high-voltage lines. This system has more than 400 substations and about 15,000 miles of transmission lines, almost 4,400 miles of which are operated at 500,000 volts.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2001-06-01

38

Grievance Procedures: A Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Campus grievance procedures, now mandated for most institutions by the Title IX regulations, ordinarily include informal measures to resolve a grievance, provision for a formal written complaint for the grievant, a grievance committee with a number of roles, a hearing committee for cases involving major policy issues and major sanctions, and a set

Furniss, W. Todd

39

33 CFR 150.607 - What are the general safe working requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What are the general safe working requirements? 150.607...Health General Workplace Conditions 150.607 What are the general safe working requirements? ...must be maintained in proper working order or removed....

2010-07-01

40

33 CFR 150.607 - What are the general safe working requirements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What are the general safe working requirements? 150.607...Health General Workplace Conditions 150.607 What are the general safe working requirements? ...must be maintained in proper working order or removed....

2011-07-01

41

49 CFR 229.103 - Safe working pressure; factor of safety.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RAILROAD LOCOMOTIVE SAFETY STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators 229.103 Safe working pressure; factor of safety. The safe working pressure for each steam generator shall be fixed by the chief mechanical officer of the...

2012-10-01

42

29 CFR 1919.29 - Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads. 1919.29 Section 1919.29... Certification of Vessels: Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons... Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads. The proof loads specified...

2010-07-01

43

Safe Operating Procedure SAFETY AUDIT GUIDELINES FOR BIOSAFETY LEVEL 2  

E-print Network

risk by assessing compliance with various regulatory standards. The checklist and information provided Committee. Lab personnel have been trained and are proficient in aseptic techniques and standard. An autoclave is available and in good working order. Plants and animals unrelated to the work are not present

Farritor, Shane

44

Power and Sample Size Determination for a Stepwise Test Procedure for Finding the Maximum Safe Dose  

E-print Network

Power and Sample Size Determination for a Stepwise Test Procedure for Finding the Maximum Safe Dose This paper addresses the problem of power and sample size calculation for a stepwise multiple test procedure functions, respectively. The sample sizes necessary on the zero dose control and each of the positive doses

Tamhane, Ajit C.

45

AN OWNER'S MANUAL FOR BACKS About WorkSafeBC  

E-print Network

and your back 6 Stretching exercises 8 Strengthening exercises 24 Tips for a healthy back 29 Exercise chart-joint strains 7 Disc injuries 9 Posture and a healthy back 0 Safe bending, lifting, and carrying 5 Exercise

46

30 CFR 250.1914 - What criteria must be documented in my SEMS program for safe work practices and contractor...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in my SEMS program for safe work practices and contractor selection...establish and implement safe work practices designed to minimize the risks associated with operating...have their own written safe work practices. Contractors...

2011-07-01

47

77 FR 38523 - Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Contaminants Under the Safe Drinking Water Act; Analysis and Sampling Procedures AGENCY...measuring the levels of contaminants in drinking water and determining compliance with national primary drinking water regulations. The Safe Drinking Water...

2012-06-28

48

75 FR 32295 - Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Contaminants Under the Safe Drinking Water Act; Analysis and Sampling Procedures AGENCY...measuring the levels of contaminants in drinking water and determining compliance with national primary drinking water regulations. The Safe Drinking Water...

2010-06-08

49

76 FR 37014 - Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Contaminants Under the Safe Drinking Water Act; Analysis and Sampling Procedures AGENCY...measuring the levels of contaminants in drinking water and determining compliance with national primary drinking water regulations. The Safe Drinking Water...

2011-06-24

50

A Simple and Safe Procedure to Repair Rectal Prolapse Perineally Using Stapling Devices  

PubMed Central

Rectal prolapses are not life-threatening, however the bleeding and fecal incontinence associated with them significantly erode quality of life and can cause concern among patients caregivers in nursing homes. Many procedures have been reported that repair rectal prolapses, and the procedure used depends on the severity of the prolapse; however, the treatments are yet to be established. Here we report a simple and safe procedure to repair rectal prolapse perineally using stapling devices. We performed this procedure on 5 patients within a short time. All patients were followed up for over 24 months and none had any recurrences of their rectal prolapses. No complications occurred during the operations and postoperative periods. Most patients who have prolapses are elderly and fragile, so the treatment must be easy, safe, and rapid. While rectal prolapse is not life-threatening, the goal of treatment is to alleviate its symptoms. The procedure we describe is consistent with this concept. We suggest that this procedure, which uses surgical stapling devices, might be a better option for the treatment of complete rectal prolapse. We will continue to surgically correct complete rectal prolapses and investigate the long-term outcomes of the procedure. PMID:24574948

Hata, Fumitake; Nishimori, Hidefumi; Ikeda, Shinichiro; Yajima, Tomomi; Nishio, Akihiko; Ishiyama, Yuji

2014-01-01

51

Working Together to Create a Safe Campus Community  

E-print Network

officers take pride in knowing community members by name. As a department in the midst of a thriving Aggression Defense program for the community, which is specifically designed for women on university campuses choose to work here because they know they will have more opportunities to practice proactive policing

Washington at Seattle, University of

52

Working Safely in the Laboratory Ralph Stuart, CIH  

E-print Network

group that purified plutonium for the Manhattan Project in Chicago #12;Glenn Seaborg Journal Entry In the 1990's a retrospective health study of the Manhattan Project workers showed that those who worked in the plutonium labs lived slightly longer and healthier lives than the peers in the Project. Dr. Seaborg

Pawlowski, Wojtek

53

Working with Documents Step-By-Step Procedure  

E-print Network

Proposal Management All Roles Working with Documents Step-By-Step Procedure Last updated: 11/18/11 1 of 5 http://eresearch.umich.edu Working with Documents This procedure details how to: Attach;Proposal Management All Roles Working with Documents Step-By-Step Procedure Last updated: 11/18/11 2 of 5

Shyy, Wei

54

Efficient, effective, safe procedure to identify non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve during thyroid surgery.  

PubMed

Background: The non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRILN) is always associated with the aberrant subclavian artery. Computed Tomography (CT) images can detect this vascular anomaly, which predicts an NRILN. The purpose is to report our procedure to identify the NRILN in patients with the aberrant subclavian artery. Methods: Four of 730 patients undergoing thyroid operation in our hospital, 4 were preoperatively diagnosed with aberrant subclavian artery by CT of the neck. To avoid vocal cord paralysis, we approached the vagal nerve firstly before dissecting the paratracheal region to discover the separation point of the NRILN from the vagal nerve. Results: The NRILN was identified without difficulty in all 4 patients. No patients showed vocal cord paralysis. Conclusions: Approaching the vagal nerve firstly before dissecting the paratracheal region is an efficient, effective and safe procedure to identify an NRILN in patients who are preoperatively diagnosed as having the aberrant subclavian artery. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID:25488277

Watanabe, Akihito; Taniguchi, Masanobu; Kimura, Yuki; Ito, Suguru; Hosokawa, Masao; Sasaki, Shigeyuki

2014-12-01

55

Rapid and efficient filtration-based procedure for separation and safe analysis of CBRN mixed samples.  

PubMed

Separating CBRN mixed samples that contain both chemical and biological warfare agents (CB mixed sample) in liquid and solid matrices remains a very challenging issue. Parameters were set up to assess the performance of a simple filtration-based method first optimized on separate C- and B-agents, and then assessed on a model of CB mixed sample. In this model, MS2 bacteriophage, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis baculovirus (AcNPV), Bacillus atrophaeus and Bacillus subtilis spores were used as biological agent simulants whereas ethyl methylphosphonic acid (EMPA) and pinacolyl methylphophonic acid (PMPA) were used as VX and soman (GD) nerve agent surrogates, respectively. Nanoseparation centrifugal devices with various pore size cut-off (30 kD up to 0.45 m) and three RNA extraction methods (Invisorb, EZ1 and Nuclisens) were compared. RNA (MS2) and DNA (AcNPV) quantification was carried out by means of specific and sensitive quantitative real-time PCRs (qPCR). Liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/TOFMS) methods was used for quantifying EMPA and PMPA. Culture methods and qPCR demonstrated that membranes with a 30 kD cut-off retain more than 99.99% of biological agents (MS2, AcNPV, Bacillus Atrophaeus and Bacillus subtilis spores) tested separately. A rapid and reliable separation of CB mixed sample models (MS2/PEG-400 and MS2/EMPA/PMPA) contained in simple liquid or complex matrices such as sand and soil was also successfully achieved on a 30 kD filter with more than 99.99% retention of MS2 on the filter membrane, and up to 99% of PEG-400, EMPA and PMPA recovery in the filtrate. The whole separation process turnaround-time (TAT) was less than 10 minutes. The filtration method appears to be rapid, versatile and extremely efficient. The separation method developed in this work constitutes therefore a useful model for further evaluating and comparing additional separation alternative procedures for a safe handling and preparation of CB mixed samples. PMID:24505375

Bentahir, Mostafa; Laduron, Frederic; Irenge, Leonid; Ambroise, Jrme; Gala, Jean-Luc

2014-01-01

56

Rapid and Efficient Filtration-Based Procedure for Separation and Safe Analysis of CBRN Mixed Samples  

PubMed Central

Separating CBRN mixed samples that contain both chemical and biological warfare agents (CB mixed sample) in liquid and solid matrices remains a very challenging issue. Parameters were set up to assess the performance of a simple filtration-based method first optimized on separate C- and B-agents, and then assessed on a model of CB mixed sample. In this model, MS2 bacteriophage, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis baculovirus (AcNPV), Bacillus atrophaeus and Bacillus subtilis spores were used as biological agent simulants whereas ethyl methylphosphonic acid (EMPA) and pinacolyl methylphophonic acid (PMPA) were used as VX and soman (GD) nerve agent surrogates, respectively. Nanoseparation centrifugal devices with various pore size cut-off (30 kD up to 0.45 m) and three RNA extraction methods (Invisorb, EZ1 and Nuclisens) were compared. RNA (MS2) and DNA (AcNPV) quantification was carried out by means of specific and sensitive quantitative real-time PCRs (qPCR). Liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/TOFMS) methods was used for quantifying EMPA and PMPA. Culture methods and qPCR demonstrated that membranes with a 30 kD cut-off retain more than 99.99% of biological agents (MS2, AcNPV, Bacillus Atrophaeus and Bacillus subtilis spores) tested separately. A rapid and reliable separation of CB mixed sample models (MS2/PEG-400 and MS2/EMPA/PMPA) contained in simple liquid or complex matrices such as sand and soil was also successfully achieved on a 30 kD filter with more than 99.99% retention of MS2 on the filter membrane, and up to 99% of PEG-400, EMPA and PMPA recovery in the filtrate. The whole separation process turnaround-time (TAT) was less than 10 minutes. The filtration method appears to be rapid, versatile and extremely efficient. The separation method developed in this work constitutes therefore a useful model for further evaluating and comparing additional separation alternative procedures for a safe handling and preparation of CB mixed samples. PMID:24505375

Bentahir, Mostafa; Laduron, Frederic; Irenge, Leonid; Ambroise, Jrme; Gala, Jean-Luc

2014-01-01

57

Safety training and safe operating procedures written for PBFA (Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator) II and applicable to other pulsed power facilities  

SciTech Connect

To ensure that work in advancing pulsed power technology is performed with an acceptably low risk, pulsed power research facilities at Sandia National Laboratories must satisfy general safety guidelines established by the Department of Energy, policies and formats of the Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) Department, and detailed procedures formulated by the Pulsed Power Sciences Directorate. The approach to safety training and to writing safe operating procedures, and the procedures presented here are specific to the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator II (PBFA II) Facility but are applicable as guidelines to other research and development facilities which have similar hazards.

Donovan, G.L.; Goldstein, S.A.

1986-12-01

58

Cognition, Technology & Work, 5, 272-282 (2003). A COGNITIVE APPROACH TO SAFE VIOLATIONS.  

E-print Network

Cognition, Technology & Work, 5, 272-282 (2003). 1 A COGNITIVE APPROACH TO SAFE VIOLATIONS. Denis of cognition which compose what is called cognitive flexibility. In this paper, we will consider the cases of a nuclear accident and a plane crash-landing where human cognitive flexibility has impacted on the final

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

59

[Rural work and health risks: a review into de "safe use" of pesticides in Brazil].  

PubMed

The paradigm of the "safe use" of pesticides is based on measures to control risks in the handling of these products. However, studies carried out in various regions of Brazil reveal a situation of widespread exposure and health damages among rural workers, revealing the ineffectiveness of this paradigm. This work presents a critical review of the "safe use" approach for pesticides in scientific papers published in Brazil in the past 15 years. Results indicate that these studies do not address, simultaneously, all the work activities that involve exposure and risk of intoxication (acquisition, transportation, storage, preparation and application, final disposal of empty containers and sanitization of contaminated clothes/ PPEs), nor do they comprehensively address the "safe use" measures recommended in safety manuals, which are mandatory for each activity. A total of 25 studies were selected and analyzed, revealing a high number of results and analyses regarding activities of preparation and application and final disposal of empty containers. The range of the approaches was seen to be timely in the six work activities. For future studies, a broader approach of the "safe use" of pesticides is recommended, seeking to reveal the complete infeasibility of this safety paradigm. PMID:25272128

de Abreu, Pedro Henrique Barbosa; Alonzo, Herling Gregorio Aguilar

2014-10-01

60

SUNRAYCE 93: Working safely with lead-acid batteries and photovoltaic power systems  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring SUNRAYCE 93 to advance tile technology and use of photovoltaics and electric vehicles. Participants will use cars powered by photovoltaic modules and lead-acid storage batteries. This brochure, prepared for students and faculty participating in this race, outlines the health hazards presented by these electrical systems, and gives guidance on strategies for their safe usage. At the outset, it should be noted that working with photovoltaic systems and batteries requires electric vehicle drivers and technicians to have {open_quotes}hands-on{close_quotes} contact with the car on a daily basis. It is important that no one work near a photovoltaic energy system or battery, either in a vehicle or on the bench, unless they familiarize themselves with the components in use, and know and observe safe work practices including the safety precautions described in the manuals provided by the various equipment vendors and this document.

DePhillips, M.P.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M.

1992-11-03

61

SUNRAYCE 1993: Working safely with lead-acid batteries and photovoltaic power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring SUNRAYCE 93 to advance tile technology and use of photovoltaics and electric vehicles. Participants will use cars powered by photovoltaic modules and lead-acid storage batteries. This brochure, prepared for students and faculty participating in this race, outlines the health hazards presented by these electrical systems and gives guidance on strategies for their safe usage. At the outset, it should be noted that working with photovoltaic systems and batteries requires electric vehicle drivers and technicians to have 'hands-on' contact with the car on a daily basis. It is important that no one work near a photovoltaic energy system or battery, either in a vehicle or on the bench, unless they familiarize themselves with the components in use and know and observe safe work practices including the safety precautions described in the manuals provided by the various equipment vendors and this document.

Dephillips, M. P.; Moskowitz, P. D.; Fthenakis, V. M.

1992-11-01

62

Developing strategies for on-call staffing: a working guideline for safe practices.  

PubMed

Effective on-call clinical staffing is critical to providing perioperative services to patients requiring emergency surgical care. Without careful monitoring of continuous work hours and hours worked per week, staffing practices can adversely affect the ability of personnel to function and provide care. Managers and perioperative personnel must carefully evaluate their on-call schedule to ensure the provision of safe medical care for their patients. Perioperative leaders at two hospitals partnered to create a safety guideline for on-call staffing practices, which includes zone guides for determining workload intensity. This guideline has served to help managers evaluate the general safety of their staffing plan and identify on-call practices that may need improvement or support in their areas of responsibility. Key recommendations from the guideline can help perioperative managers at other facilities establish clinical staffing plans and on-call practices that are safe and effective. PMID:25260670

Olmstead, John; Falcone, Deborah; Lopez, Jacy; Mislan, Linda; Murphy, Marialena; Acello, Toni

2014-10-01

63

29 CFR 1919.75 - Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of...Shore-Based Material Handling Devices 1919.75 Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence...

2010-07-01

64

UNL Environmental Health and Safety (402) 472-4925 http://ehs.unl.edu Safe Operating Procedure  

E-print Network

UNL Environmental Health and Safety · (402) 472-4925 · http://ehs.unl.edu Safe Operating Procedure, other medical surveillance or qualification, serum banking, etc., as specified in the project specific with Human Resources policies and/or labor laws. #12;UNL Environmental Health and Safety · (402) 472

Farritor, Shane

65

Hot Work Procedures The Hot Work reviewing process is established to prevent ignition of combustible and  

E-print Network

Hot Work Procedures Purpose The Hot Work reviewing process is established to prevent ignition contractor control. Responsibilities The hot work review process shall be conducted by the representative of Physical Plant performing welding/cutting tasks. Project coordinators shall review welding/cutting work

de Lijser, Peter

66

Safe Schools, Safe Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools must work together with agencies, groups, and individuals to eliminate the forces leading children to violence. Chapter 1, "School Safety: Working Together to Keep Schools Safe," stresses the importance of community collaboration in violence prevention. Effective prevention requires sharing information about students, consistent with

Lewis, Julie E.; Pickett, Dean; Pulliam, Janet L.; Schwartz, Richard A.; St. Germaine, Anne-Marie; Underwood, Julie; Worona, Jay

67

Safe Handling of Cryogenic Liquids This document describes the principal hazards and appropriate safety procedures associated  

E-print Network

is capable of causing tissue damage similar to that of thermal burns. Prolonged contact may result in blood, it is critical to contain these liquids in insulated dewars with pressure relief valves (see "Safe Handling. Because of their large liquid to gas expansion ratios, even small quantities of liquefied gas can expand

Cohen, Ronald C.

68

A Strategy to Safely Live and Work in the Space Radiation Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the National Aeronautics and Space Agency and the Space Radiation Project is to ensure that astronauts can safely live and work in the space radiation environment. The space radiation environment poses both acute and chronic risks to crew health and safety, but unlike some other aspects of space travel, space radiation exposure has clinically relevant implications for the lifetime of the crew. The term safely means that risks are sufficiently understood such that acceptable limits on mission, post-mission and multi-mission consequences (for example, excess lifetime fatal cancer risk) can be defined. The Space Radiation Project strategy has several elements. The first element is to use a peer-reviewed research program to increase our mechanistic knowledge and genetic capabilities to develop tools for individual risk projection, thereby reducing our dependency on epidemiological data and population-based risk assessment. The second element is to use the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory to provide a ground-based facility to study the understanding of health effects/mechanisms of damage from space radiation exposure and the development and validation of biological models of risk, as well as methods for extrapolation to human risk. The third element is a risk modeling effort that integrates the results from research efforts into models of human risk to reduce uncertainties in predicting risk of carcinogenesis, central nervous system damage, degenerative tissue disease, and acute radiation effects. To understand the biological basis for risk, we must also understand the physical aspects of the crew environment. Thus the fourth element develops computer codes to predict radiation transport properties, evaluate integrated shielding technologies and provide design optimization recommendations for the design of human space systems. Understanding the risks and determining methods to mitigate the risks are keys to a successful radiation protection strategy.

Corbin, Barbara J.; Sulzman, Frank M.; Krenek, Sam

2006-01-01

69

NASA Strategy to Safely Live and Work in the Space Radiation Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In space, astronauts are constantly bombarded with energetic particles. The goal of the National Aeronautics and Space Agency and the NASA Space Radiation Project is to ensure that astronauts can safely live and work in the space radiation environment. The space radiation environment poses both acute and chronic risks to crew health and safety, but unlike some other aspects of space travel, space radiation exposure has clinically relevant implications for the lifetime of the crew. Among the identified radiation risks are cancer, acute and late CNS damage, chronic and degenerative tissue decease, and acute radiation syndrome. The term "safely" means that risks are sufficiently understood such that acceptable limits on mission, post-mission and multi-mission consequences can be defined. The NASA Space Radiation Project strategy has several elements. The first element is to use a peer-reviewed research program to increase our mechanistic knowledge and genetic capabilities to develop tools for individual risk projection, thereby reducing our dependency on epidemiological data and population-based risk assessment. The second element is to use the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory to provide a ground-based facility to study the health effects/mechanisms of damage from space radiation exposure and the development and validation of biological models of risk, as well as methods for extrapolation to human risk. The third element is a risk modeling effort that integrates the results from research efforts into models of human risk to reduce uncertainties in predicting the identified radiation risks. To understand the biological basis for risk, we must also understand the physical aspects of the crew environment. Thus, the fourth element develops computer algorithms to predict radiation transport properties, evaluate integrated shielding technologies and provide design optimization recommendations for the design of human space systems. Understanding the risks and determining methods to mitigate the risks are keys to a successful radiation protection strategy.

Cucinotta, Francis A.; Wu, Honglu; Corbin, Barbara J.; Sulzman, Frank M.; Krenek, Sam

2007-01-01

70

[The transrectus sheath preperitoneal procedure: a safe, effective and cheap surgical approach to inguinal hernia?].  

PubMed

The main complication of surgery for inguinal hernia is chronic postoperative pain. This is often reported following the Lichtenstein procedure. A new, open surgical technique for the repair of inguinal hernia has been developed. This procedure is called the transrectus sheath preperitoneal procedure (TREPP). At TREPP a lightweight mesh with a ring made of memory metal is introduced into the preperitoneal space through the transrectus sheath. The first results of this operative technique are very promising: short operation time, short learning curve and not many patients with chronic postoperative pain. In a randomised, multi-centre study which will start mid-2013 (ISRCTN18591339), the TREPP procedure is compared with the transinguinal preperitoneal procedure. The primary outcome measure of this study is chronic postoperative pain. PMID:23890168

Prins, M W Wiesje; Voropai, D A Dasha; van Laarhoven, C J H M Kees; Akkersdijk, Willem L

2013-01-01

71

Patients with an ICD can safely resume work in industrial facilities following simple screening for electromagnetic interference.  

PubMed

Patients with ICDs are commonly advised to quit industrial jobs because of concerns that strong electromagnetic fields operating in the industrial environment might interfere with ICD functions. This study was done to assess interactions between industrial equipment and ICDs, and to devise a simple low risk screening protocol. We studied 18 patients carrying nine different ICD models who were met at their workplace by a clinical technician and were asked to walk through their workplace and perform typical duties while sensing status was monitored by listening to the ICD's beeper. All devices were interrogated at the completion of testing. At follow-up, patients were contacted by phone and were asked about employment status and history of ICD discharges or syncope. One hundred eighty-four contacts with 114 types of industrial equipment in 13 different industrial facilities (including 31 contacts with arc welding machines) were monitored. Interference with ICD's function occurred in only one contact (0.5%), when ICD therapy was temporarily suspended while a worker was attaching a huge electromagnet to a crane. At follow-up 46.0 +/- 6.0 months after testing, 7 patients (41%) are still holding the same job, 7 have retired because of reasons unrelated to their ICD, and 3 patients were transferred to a nonindustrial job. None of the patients had either an ICD shock or syncope during work. The use of a simple screening procedure can safely identify sources of electromagnetic interference that may affect ICD operation, and can predict long-term safety of working in an industrial workplace for ICD patients. PMID:12877699

Gurevitz, Osnat; Fogel, Richard I; Herner, Mark E; Sample, Ross; Strickberger, Adam S; Daoud, Emile G; Morady, Fred; Prystowsky, Eric N

2003-08-01

72

45 CFR 261.64 - How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? 261.64 Section...AND HUMAN SERVICES ENSURING THAT RECIPIENTS WORK How Do We Ensure the Accuracy of Work...

2012-10-01

73

45 CFR 261.64 - How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? 261.64 Section...AND HUMAN SERVICES ENSURING THAT RECIPIENTS WORK How Do We Ensure the Accuracy of Work...

2013-10-01

74

45 CFR 261.64 - How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work...  

... How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? 261.64 Section...AND HUMAN SERVICES ENSURING THAT RECIPIENTS WORK How Do We Ensure the Accuracy of Work...

2014-10-01

75

45 CFR 261.64 - How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? 261.64 Section...AND HUMAN SERVICES ENSURING THAT RECIPIENTS WORK How Do We Ensure the Accuracy of Work...

2010-10-01

76

45 CFR 261.64 - How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? 261.64 Section...AND HUMAN SERVICES ENSURING THAT RECIPIENTS WORK How Do We Ensure the Accuracy of Work...

2011-10-01

77

The laparoscopic hiatoplasty with antireflux surgery is a safe and effective procedure to repair giant hiatal hernia  

PubMed Central

Background Although minimally invasive repair of giant hiatal hernias is a very surgical challenge which requires advanced laparoscopic learning curve, several reports showed that is a safe and effective procedure, with lower morbidity than open approach. In the present study we show the outcomes of 13 patients who underwent a laparoscopic repair of giant hiatal hernia. Methods A total of 13 patients underwent laparoscopic posterior hiatoplasty and Nissen fundoplication. Follow-up evaluation was done clinically at intervals of 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery using the Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Health-Related Quality of Life scale, a barium swallow study, an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, an oesophageal manometry, a combined ambulatory 24-h multichannel impedance pH and bilirubin monitoring. Anatomic recurrence was defined as any evidence of gastric herniation above the diaphragmatic edge. Results There were no intraoperative complications and no conversions to open technique. Symptomatic GORD-HQL outcomes demonstrated a statistical significant decrease of mean value equal to 3.2 compare to 37.4 of preoperative assessment (p?procedure and no hernia recurrence was recorded in the study group, treated respecting several crucial surgical principles, e.g., complete sac excision, appropriate crural closure, also with direct hiatal defect where possible, and routine use of antireflux procedure. PMID:24401085

2014-01-01

78

Working for Children and Families: Safe and Smart After-School Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After-school programs have the potential to keep children safe and out of trouble and can help to improve the academic performance of the increasing numbers of participating children. This report presents positive research on after-school programs and examples illustrating the potential of high-quality after-school activities to keep children

Chung, An-Me, Ed.

79

A safe, effective, and facility compatible cleaning in place procedure for affinity resin in large-scale monoclonal antibody purification.  

PubMed

Cleaning-in-place (CIP) for column chromatography plays an important role in therapeutic protein production. A robust and efficient CIP procedure ensures product quality, improves column life time and reduces the cost of the purification processes, particularly for those using expensive affinity resins, such as MabSelect protein A resin. Cleaning efficiency, resin compatibility, and facility compatibility are the three major aspects to consider in CIP process design. Cleaning MabSelect resin with 50mM sodium hydroxide (NaOH) along with 1M sodium chloride is one of the most popular cleaning procedures used in biopharmaceutical industries. However, high concentration sodium chloride is a leading cause of corrosion in the stainless steel containers used in large scale manufacture. Corroded containers may potentially introduce metal contaminants into purified drug products. Therefore, it is challenging to apply this cleaning procedure into commercial manufacturing due to facility compatibility and drug safety concerns. This paper reports a safe, effective and environmental and facility-friendly cleaning procedure that is suitable for large scale affinity chromatography. An alternative salt (sodium sulfate) is used to prevent the stainless steel corrosion caused by sodium chloride. Sodium hydroxide and salt concentrations were optimized using a high throughput screening approach to achieve the best combination of facility compatibility, cleaning efficiency and resin stability. Additionally, benzyl alcohol is applied to achieve more effective microbial control. Based on the findings, the recommended optimum cleaning strategy is cleaning MabSelect resin with 25 mM NaOH, 0.25 M Na2SO4 and 1% benzyl alcohol solution every cycle, followed by a more stringent cleaning using 50 mM NaOH with 0.25 M Na2SO4 and 1% benzyl alcohol at the end of each manufacturing campaign. A resin life cycle study using the MabSelect affinity resin demonstrates that the new cleaning strategy prolongs resin life time and consistently delivers high purity drug products. PMID:23953712

Wang, Lu; Dembecki, Jill; Jaffe, Neil E; O'Mara, Brian W; Cai, Hui; Sparks, Colleen N; Zhang, Jian; Laino, Sarah G; Russell, Reb J; Wang, Michelle

2013-09-20

80

[Are disinfectant residues remained after cleaning hemodialysis machine procedure safe for patients?].  

PubMed

The dialysis machine shall be cleaned and disinfected after each patient treatment or after every 72 hours break in working. An acceptable disinfectants such as Puristeril plus or Puristeril 340, Citrosteril, Diasteril and Sporotal are used for decontamination. Puristeril 340 is designed for cold disinfection and due to the low pH value, the necessary decalcification of hemodialysis machines is easily achieved. It can be used for all haemodialysis systems like hemodialysis machines, water treatment devices and circuit pipes. Diluted Puristeril decomposes in a non-toxic way. Degradation products of peracetic acid, which is main component of Puristeril are: hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid. Peracetic acid is widely used for disinfection due to its exceptionally broad spectrum of microbiocidal activity at low concentrations and short exposure times. After use Puristeril is easily removable by rinsing with water. This paper deals with the effect of the Puristeril toxicity on blood as a function of its concentration and incubation time. Concentration range of 3.5-70 ppm was used, with particular emphasis on concentrations close to 5 ppm, a value is the limit of sensitivity of strips of starch potassium iodide, the tests for detection of peracetic acid. There was a strong increase in autohaemolysis and malondialdehyde concentrations with increasing concentration of Puristeril. There were also changes in dependence on the parameters of the incubation time, with the greatest effects obtained after 2 hours incubation with Puristeril. The detection limit of peracetic acid used strips of starch potassium iodide does not guarantee the safety of a patient undergoing hemodialysis. Even the residual concentration of Puristeril plus cause increased lipid peroxidation of membrane, and therefore suggest the routine use of stripes on the lower limit of detection of peracetic acid or implement measurement of hydrogen peroxide residues performed with sensitivity 1 ppm. PMID:24003659

Szewczyk, Ma?gorzata; Grzeszczuk, Karolina; Walski, Tomasz; Suder, Marek; Komorowska, Ma?gorzata

2013-01-01

81

Methods to produce and safely work with large numbers of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and bradyzoite cysts  

PubMed Central

Two major obstacles to conducting studies with Toxoplasma gondii oocysts are the difficulty in reliably producing large numbers of this life stage and safety concerns because the oocyst is the most environmentally resistant stage of this zoonotic organism. Oocyst production requires oral infection of the definitive feline host with adequate numbers of T. gondii organisms to obtain unsporulated oocysts that are shed in the feces for 3-10 days after infection. Since the most successful and common mode of experimental infection of kittens with T. gondii is by ingestion of bradyzoite tissue cysts, the first step in successful oocyst production is to ensure a high bradyzoite tissue cyst burden in the brains of mice that can be used for the oral inoculum. We compared two methods for producing bradyzoite brain cysts in mice, by infecting them either orally or subcutaneously with oocysts. In both cases, oocysts derived from a low passage T. gondii Type II strain (M4) were used to infect eight-ten week-old Swiss Webster mice. First the number of bradyzoite cysts that were purified from infected mouse brains was compared. Then to evaluate the effect of the route of oocyst inoculation on tissue cyst distribution in mice, a second group of mice was infected with oocysts by one of each route and tissues were examined by histology. In separate experiments, brains from infected mice were used to infect kittens for oocyst production. Greater than 1.3 billion oocysts were isolated from the feces of two infected kittens in the first production and greater than 1.8 billion oocysts from three kittens in the second production. Our results demonstrate that oral delivery of oocysts to mice results in both higher cyst loads in the brain and greater cyst burdens in other tissues examined as compared to those of mice that received the same number of oocysts subcutaneously. The ultimate goal in producing large numbers of oocysts in kittens is to generate adequate amounts of starting material for oocyst studies. Given the potential risks of working with live oocysts in the laboratory, we also tested a method of oocyst inactivation by freeze-thaw treatment. This procedure proved to completely inactivate oocysts without evidence of significant alteration of the oocyst molecular integrity. PMID:22037023

Fritz, H.; Barr, B.; Packham, A.; Melli, A.; Conrad, P.A.

2012-01-01

82

Safe places for pedestrians: using cognitive work analysis to consider the relationships between the engineering and urban design of footpaths.  

PubMed

Footpaths provide an integral component of our urban environments and have the potential to act as safe places for people and the focus for community life. Despite this, the approach to designing footpaths that are safe while providing this sense of place often occurs in silos. There is often very little consideration given to how designing for sense of place impacts safety and vice versa. The aim of this study was to use a systems analysis and design framework to develop a design template for an 'ideal' footpath system that embodies both safety and sense of place. This was achieved through using the first phase of the Cognitive Work Analysis framework, Work Domain Analysis, to specify a model of footpaths as safe places for pedestrians. This model was subsequently used to assess two existing footpath environments to determine the extent to which they meet the design requirements specified. The findings show instances where the existing footpaths both meet and fail to meet the design requirements specified. Through utilising a systems approach for footpaths, this paper has provided a novel design template that can inform new footpath design efforts or be used to evaluate the extent to which existing footpaths achieve their safety and sense of place requirements. PMID:25089766

Stevens, Nicholas; Salmon, Paul

2014-11-01

83

NASA Strategy to Safely Live and Work in the Space Radiation Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph document reviews the radiation environment that is a significant potential hazard to NASA's goals for space exploration, of living and working in space. NASA has initiated a Peer reviewed research program that is charged with arriving at an understanding of the space radiation problem. To this end NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) was constructed to simulate the harsh cosmic and solar radiation found in space. Another piece of the work was to develop a risk modeling tool that integrates the results from research efforts into models of human risk to reduce uncertainties in predicting risk of carcinogenesis, central nervous system damage, degenerative tissue disease, and acute radiation effects acute radiation effects.

Cucinotta, Francis; Wu, Honglu; Corbin, Barbara; Sulzman, Frank; Kreneck, Sam

2007-01-01

84

How Safe Are You at Work? Occupational Health and Safety Issues for School Counsellors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are becoming increasingly violent places. This workshop presentation examines ways to improve counselor facilities and to enhance work safety. Client populations for school counselors have changed significantly in recent times as school administrators refer more welfare related problems for help. Although violent attacks on counselors may

Low, John A.

85

Service station requirements for safe use of hydrogen based fuels: NHA work group update  

SciTech Connect

This paper consists of viewgraphs which summarize the results of the meeting of the working group on safety standards. A standard for an odorant for hydrogen leak detection is set forth. Recent activities with the National Fire Protection Association and the International Standard Organization are enumerated. The path forward is also summarized.

Coutts, D.A. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

1997-12-31

86

Let's Talk with Jill Ferris about Living and Working in Antarctica Safely  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this site students discover that each year, more than 1,000 researchers and support staff travel to Antarctica and it is the job of the manager of field support services to make sure that each one has safety training plus the right supplies and transportation. This in-depth profile takes a look at the work of the manager of field support services for the United States Antarctica Field Program (USAFP). In the question and answer profile she answers more than 15 questions, including how she got to her present position, the nature of safety training, and things that most people take for granted but she must concern herself about. In addition she describes her work day and explains her continued concentration on weather reports.

87

SUNRAYCE 95: Working safely with lead-acid batteries and photovoltaic power systems  

SciTech Connect

This document is a power system and battery safety handbook for participants in the SUNRAYCE 95 solar powered electric vehicle program. The topics of the handbook include batteries, photovoltaic modules, safety equipment needed for working with sulfuric acid electrolyte and batteries, battery transport, accident response, battery recharging and ventilation, electrical risks on-board vehicle, external electrical risks, electrical risk management strategies, and general maintenance including troubleshooting, hydrometer check and voltmeter check.

DePhillips, M.P.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Biomedical and Environmental Assessment Group

1994-05-27

88

SUNRAYCE 1995: Working safely with lead-acid batteries and photovoltaic power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is a power system and battery safety handbook for participants in the SUNRAYCE 95 solar powered electric vehicle program. The topics of the handbook include batteries, photovoltaic modules, safety equipment needed for working with sulfuric acid electrolyte and batteries, battery transport, accident response, battery recharging and ventilation, electrical risks on-board vehicle, external electrical risks, electrical risk management strategies, and general maintenance including troubleshooting, hydrometer check and voltmeter check.

Dephillips, M. P.; Moskowitz, P. D.; Fthenakis, V. M.

1994-05-01

89

Human-rating Automated and Robotic Systems - (How HAL Can Work Safely with Astronauts)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Long duration human space missions, as planned in the Vision for Space Exploration, will not be possible without applying unprecedented levels of automation to support the human endeavors. The automated and robotic systems must carry the load of routine housekeeping for the new generation of explorers, as well as assist their exploration science and engineering work with new precision. Fortunately, the state of automated and robotic systems is sophisticated and sturdy enough to do this work - but the systems themselves have never been human-rated as all other NASA physical systems used in human space flight have. Our intent in this paper is to provide perspective on requirements and architecture for the interfaces and interactions between human beings and the astonishing array of automated systems; and the approach we believe necessary to create human-rated systems and implement them in the space program. We will explain our proposed standard structure for automation and robotic systems, and the process by which we will develop and implement that standard as an addition to NASA s Human Rating requirements. Our work here is based on real experience with both human system and robotic system designs; for surface operations as well as for in-flight monitoring and control; and on the necessities we have discovered for human-systems integration in NASA's Constellation program. We hope this will be an invitation to dialog and to consideration of a new issue facing new generations of explorers and their outfitters.

Baroff, Lynn; Dischinger, Charlie; Fitts, David

2009-01-01

90

Work Education: A Topical Bibliography of Programs, Procedures and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under a USOE contract to conduct a 14-month study entitled "An Assessment of School-Supervised Work Education Programs, "System Development Corporation considered those programs in which students spend part of their time working in paying jobs, which are usually reserved by the employer for students from that particular school or district. The

Banta, Trudy W.; And Others

91

Procedures and Standards Handbook. Version 3.0. What Works Clearinghouse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "What Works Clearinghouse Procedures and Standards Handbook (Version 3.0)" provides a detailed description of the standards and procedures of the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC). The remaining chapters of this Handbook are organized to take the reader through the basic steps that the WWC uses to develop a review protocol, identify

What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

2014-01-01

92

A procedure to select working fluids for Solar Organic Rankine Cycles (ORCs)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The selection of working fluid and working conditions of the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) has a great effect on the system operation, and its energy efficiency and impact on the environment. The main purpose of this study is to develop a procedure to compare capabilities of working fluids when they are employed in solar Rankine cycles with similar working conditions.

R. Rayegan; Y. X. Tao

2011-01-01

93

Safe Youth. Safe Schools.  

MedlinePLUS

... can often lead to serious injury or death. School Violence While US schools remain relatively safe, any amount ... an important role in monitoring trends in lethal school violence, identifying risk factors, and assessing the effects of ...

94

Characterisation of wax works of art by gas chromatographic procedures.  

PubMed

To identify the various natural and synthetic substances used by sculptors at the end of the 19th century, several contemporary reference samples were investigated by high temperature gas chromatography (HT GC) and HT GC-MS. Using specific chromatographic conditions and minimising sample preparation, we could separate, detect and identify a wide range of biomolecular markers covering a great variety of molecular weights and volatilities, with a minimum amount of sample, in a single run. Beeswax, spermaceti, carnauba, candellila and Japan waxes as well as pine resin derivatives, animal fats, paraffin, ozokerite and stearin, used as additives in wax works of art, were chemically investigated. In the case of low volatile compounds, transbutylation was performed. The structure of long-chain esters of spermaceti was elucidated for the first time by HT GC-MS analysis. Such a method was then carried out on 10 samples collected on a statuette of Junon by Antoine-Louis Barye (Louvre Museum, Paris, France) and on a sculpture by Aim-Jules Dalou (Muse de la Rvolution Franaise, Vizille, France). The analytical results obtained provide new data on the complex recipes elaborated by sculptors at the end of the 19th century. PMID:16395801

Regert, M; Langlois, J; Colinart, S

2005-10-14

95

78 FR 37463 - Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...9221 B.1, B.2 Methods. Coliform Fermentation Technique. Enzyme Substrate Colilert[supreg].... 9223 B Methods. Colisure...F.1 Procedure (following Lactose Fermentation Methods). Enzyme Substrate Colilert[supreg].... 9223 B Methods....

2013-06-21

96

Safe Grid  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The biggest users of GRID technologies came from the science and technology communities. These consist of government, industry and academia (national and international). The NASA GRID is moving into a higher technology readiness level (TRL) today; and as a joint effort among these leaders within government, academia, and industry, the NASA GRID plans to extend availability to enable scientists and engineers across these geographical boundaries collaborate to solve important problems facing the world in the 21 st century. In order to enable NASA programs and missions to use IPG resources for program and mission design, the IPG capabilities needs to be accessible from inside the NASA center networks. However, because different NASA centers maintain different security domains, the GRID penetration across different firewalls is a concern for center security people. This is the reason why some IPG resources are been separated from the NASA center network. Also, because of the center network security and ITAR concerns, the NASA IPG resource owner may not have full control over who can access remotely from outside the NASA center. In order to obtain organizational approval for secured remote access, the IPG infrastructure needs to be adapted to work with the NASA business process. Improvements need to be made before the IPG can be used for NASA program and mission development. The Secured Advanced Federated Environment (SAFE) technology is designed to provide federated security across NASA center and NASA partner's security domains. Instead of one giant center firewall which can be difficult to modify for different GRID applications, the SAFE "micro security domain" provide large number of professionally managed "micro firewalls" that can allow NASA centers to accept remote IPG access without the worry of damaging other center resources. The SAFE policy-driven capability-based federated security mechanism can enable joint organizational and resource owner approved remote access from outside of NASA centers. A SAFE enabled IPG can enable IPG capabilities to be available to NASA mission design teams across different NASA center and partner company firewalls. This paper will first discuss some of the potential security issues for IPG to work across NASA center firewalls. We will then present the SAFE federated security model. Finally we will present the concept of the architecture of a SAFE enabled IPG and how it can benefit NASA mission development.

Chow, Edward T.; Stewart, Helen; Korsmeyer, David (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

97

Complete and safe resection of challenging retroperitoneal tumors: anticipation of multi-organ and major vascular resection and use of adjunct procedures  

PubMed Central

Background Retroperitoneal tumors are often massive and can involve adjacent organs and/or vital structures, making them difficult to resect. Completeness of resection is within the surgeon's control and critical for long-term survival, particularly for malignant disease. Few studies directly address strategies for complete and safe resection of challenging retroperitoneal tumors. Methods Fifty-six patients representing 63 cases of primary or recurrent retroperitoneal tumor resection between 2004-2009 were identified and a retrospective chart review was performed. Rates of complete resection, use of adjunct procedures, and perioperative complications were recorded. Results In 95% of cases, complete resection was achieved. Fifty-eight percent of these cases required en bloc multi-organ resection, and 8% required major vascular resection. Complete resection rates were higher for primary versus recurrent disease. Adjunct procedures (ureteral stents, femoral nerve monitoring, posterior laminotomy, etc.) were used in 54% of cases. Major postoperative complications occurred in 16% of cases, and one patient died (2% mortality). Conclusions Complete resection of challenging retroperitoneal tumors is feasible and can be done safely with important pre- and intraoperative considerations in mind. PMID:22054416

2011-01-01

98

A prototype on-line work procedure system for radioisotope thermoelectric generator production  

SciTech Connect

An on-line system to manage work procedures is being developed to support radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) assembly and testing in a new production facility. This system implements production work procedures as interactive electronic documents executed at the work site with no intermediate printed form. It provides good control of the creation and application of work procedures and provides active assistance to the worker in performing them and in documenting the results. An extensive prototype of this system is being evaluated to ensure that it will have all the necessary features and that it will fit the user's needs and expectations. This effort has involved the Radioisotope Power Systems Facility (RPSF) operations organization and technology transfer between Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) and EG G Mound Applied Technologies Inc. (Mound) at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Mound Site. 1 ref.

Kiebel, G.R.

1991-09-01

99

Safe Hazmat Storage Tips.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a list of recommendations for safely managing hazardous waste containers. Encourages training of employees on the hazards of the wastes they handle and the correct procedures for managing containers. (DDR)

Neville, Angela

1996-01-01

100

Stay Safe Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the National Cyber Security Alliance, Stay Safe Online works to educate the public on the importance of protecting their personal computers from online intruders. If proper security procedures are not implemented, computers can become victims to viruses, denial of service attacks, Trojan horse programs, and other malicious activities that take advantage of computer vulnerabilities and result in billions of dollars of damage. Designed to provide information needed to protect home and small business computers, this Web site provides the top ten security tips on how to safeguard computer systems, such as using anti-virus software, not opening e-mail from unknown sources, and backing up computer data. The site also contains a self-guided cyber security test, educational materials, and links to other Internet security sources. In all, this is an important resource for all computer users to explore.

2007-08-09

101

Reprint of "Safe places for pedestrians: Using cognitive work analysis to consider the relationships between the engineering and urban design of footpaths".  

PubMed

Footpaths provide an integral component of our urban environments and have the potential to act as safe places for people and the focus for community life. Despite this, the approach to designing footpaths that are safe while providing this sense of place often occurs in silos. There is often very little consideration given to how designing for sense of place impacts safety and vice versa. The aim of this study was to use a systems analysis and design framework to develop a design template for an 'ideal' footpath system that embodies both safety and sense of place. This was achieved through using the first phase of the Cognitive Work Analysis framework, Work Domain Analysis, to specify a model of footpaths as safe places for pedestrians. This model was subsequently used to assess two existing footpath environments to determine the extent to which they meet the design requirements specified. The findings show instances where the existing footpaths both meet and fail to meet the design requirements specified. Through utilising a systems approach for footpaths, this paper has provided a novel design template that can inform new footpath design efforts or be used to evaluate the extent to which existing footpaths achieve their safety and sense of place requirements. PMID:25455808

Stevens, Nicholas; Salmon, Paul

2015-01-01

102

Safe Harbor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Safe Harbor was created as a response to the European Commission's Directive on Data Privacy which was launched in October 1998 and prohibits the transfer of personal data to countries outside of the European Union that do not meet the EU's standards for privacy protection. Because the United States has significantly lower standards for privacy protection, the Directive on Data Privacy would have prohibited many transactions between the US and EU nations. Safe Harbor is a framework of US organizations that have agreed to comply with the Directive. The Safe Harbor Website contains a basic overview of the initiative which explains its history and mission. Safe Harbor documents include privacy principles, an in-depth collection of FAQs, information on how Safe Harbor is enforced, and other documents from both the US and the EU.

103

In Vitro Evaluation of ScopeSafe Fibers and the Scope Guardian Sheath in Prevention of Ureteroscope Endolumenal Working Damage  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background and Purpose Ureteroscope breakage is commonly related to laser fiber damage. Often, the damage is mechanical and not energy related. As such, we evaluated a novel laser fiber and sheath system in preventing mechanical ureteroscope damage during fiber insertion. Materials and Methods We assessed 200-?m/272/3-?m laser fibers with the laser sheath in a flexible ureteroscope. Diminishment of active deflection and irrigation flow rates were compared with a standard laser fiber alone. Eight nonassembled working channel components were tested in a 0-degree/90-degree/210-degree deflection model. After insertion cycles, external and endolumenal damage to the working channel were classified. We also tested the sheath system in a 0-degree/90-degree/210-degree deflection model for fiber failure and laser damage. Results In all test trials with the sheath and for standard laser fibers in the 0-degree model, there were no channel perforations or damage. With standard laser fibers, in the 210-degree model, superficial scratches and demarcated abrasions were visible after 10 and 60 to 70 insertions for the 273-?m laser fiber and after 30 insertions (superficial scratches) for the 200-?m laser fiber. In the 90-degree model, superficial scratches occurred after 20 insertions for the 273-?m fibers and after 40 insertions for the 200-?m laser fibers. No demarcated abrasions were seen after 100 insertions. In the 210-degree model, there was one perforation with the 272-?m fiber, but none with 200-?m fiber. There were no fiber failures with sheath use; however, the sheath did not prevent laser energy damage. The laser sheath resulted in a 4.7-degree/3.8-degree (1.2%/1.5%) diminishment in deflection (up/down) for the 200??m and a 3.5-degree/4.3-degree (1.8%/1.5%) diminishment for 272-?m laser fiber compared with standard 200/272-?m laser fiber. Irrigation flow was diminished with the sheath on both the 200-?m and 272-?m laser fiber by 28.7% and 32.6%, respectively. Conclusion The Scope Guardian Sheath prevented mechanical working channel damage with minimal diminishment of deflection and irrigation flow. PMID:23282029

Abdelshehid, Corollos; Liss, Michael A.; Alipanah, Reza; McDougall, Elspeth M.; Landman, Jaime

2013-01-01

104

Driving Safely  

MedlinePLUS

... behind you when backing out of a parking space or driveway l Lower-body strength exercises to help with accelerating and braking Here are some tips to help you drive safely: l Talk with your doctor if you ...

105

Safe sex  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many diseases that humans can contract through sexual contact with each other. Humans can lower their risk of contracting these diseases by practicing safe sex techniques if they choose to participate in those kinds of actions.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University;Biological Sciences)

2008-07-09

106

Safe sex  

MedlinePLUS

Safe sex means taking steps before and during sex that can prevent you from getting an infection, or from ... the skin around the genital area. Before having sex: Get to know your partner and discuss your ...

107

Analogous Mechanisms of Selection and Updating in Declarative and Procedural Working Memory: Experiments and a Computational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article investigates the mechanisms of selecting and updating representations in declarative and procedural working memory (WM). Declarative WM holds the objects of thought available, whereas procedural WM holds representations of what to do with these objects. Both systems consist of three embedded components: activated long-term memory, a

Oberauer, Klaus; Souza, Alessandra S.; Druey, Michel D.; Gade, Miriam

2013-01-01

108

Working Safe and Feeling Fine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the problem of repetitive stress disorders in the administrative workplace and shares some quick fixes to aid ergonomics. Some thoughts on the ergonomics of office chairs are provided as is the use of professional guidance in furniture purchasing. (GR)

Milshtein, Amy

1999-01-01

109

Sun Safely  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

www.sunsafely.org is a site promoting sun protection and sun safety for children and teens. It contains resources for teachers, schools, teens, children, and parents to help prevent skin cancer and teach sun safe behavior from the U.S and around the world.

110

Working with Streptozotocin Standard Operating Procedures According to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Streptozotocin (STZ) special  

E-print Network

Working with Streptozotocin ­ Standard Operating Procedures According to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Streptozotocin (STZ) special precautions must be taken when working with this chemical material facing up. Tape the edges of the absorbent material to prevent its movement in the fume hood. Care

Cui, Yan

111

TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT TO SAFELY AND EFFECTIVELY COMPLETE NUCLEAR CONSTRUCTION WORK  

SciTech Connect

Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business construction subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC contract, Construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper describes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method. This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year (FY) 2009, where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are subcontracted directly by WRPS to small or disadvantaged contractors that are mentored and supported by DRS personnel. Each small contractor is mentored and supported utilizing the principles of the Construction Industry Institute (CII) Partnering process. Some of the key mentoring and partnering areas that are explored in this paper are, internal and external safety professional support, subcontractor safety teams and the interface with project and site safety teams, quality assurance program support to facilitate compliance with NQA-1, construction, team roles and responsibilities, work definition for successful fixed price contracts, scheduling and interface with project schedules and cost projection/accruals. The practical application of the CII Partnering principles, with the Construction Management expertise of URS, has led to a highly successful construction model that also meets small business contracting goals.

LESO KF; HAMILTON HM; FARNER M; HEATH T

2010-01-14

112

Plastic matters: an analytical procedure to evaluate the degradability of contemporary works of art.  

PubMed

The most significant results concerning a chemical study to evaluate the degradability of polymeric components in four contemporary works of art, partially or completely realized in plastics, are presented and discussed in this paper. The procedure applied is mainly based on the use of Fourier transform IR and UV-vis spectroscopies and pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and consists of the following steps: (1) compositional analysis of the artworks, with particular attention to components which may have a negative effect on the overall ageing; (2) evaluation of the actual state of conservation; (3) investigation of the accelerated ageing of reference polymer samples; and (4) monitoring of the natural ageing of the artworks. On such a basis, the following could be concluded. Stage Evidence by Loris Cecchini is made of poly(ether urethane) elastomer which contains a high amount of phthalates. Their exudation gives a sticky appearance to the artwork and their removal during ageing is the main cause of the loss of flexibility. The latex used by Andrs Pinal for tailoring Traxe de Home is a natural polyisoprene, whose oxidative degradation accounts for the extensive deterioration and yellowing of the artwork. The plaster sculptures of 3D Bodyscans 1:9 by Karin Sander are coated with an aliphatic epoxy resin. Its oxidation with formation of amides is the cause of the surface yellowing. The adhesive used by Dario Villalba for Tierra, Ladrillo y Agua is a commercial poly(vinyl acetate). Simulated photoageing suggests a fast deterioration due to deacetylation and cross-linking, which possibly is the main reason for the actual detachment of debris from the support. PMID:21249336

Lazzari, Massimo; Ledo-Surez, Ana; Lpez, Thas; Scalarone, Dominique; Lpez-Quintela, M Arturo

2011-03-01

113

When Is Safe, Safe Enough?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses events affecting parental school-safety concerns and what school districts can do to alleviate those concerns. Addresses post-September 11 crisis-management procedures, preventing sports-related student deaths, maintaining healthy indoor air quality. (PKP)

Neil, Kirk

2002-01-01

114

Safe Manual Jettison  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In space, the controlled release of certain cargoes is no less useful than the maritime jettisons from which they take their name but is also much more dangerous. Experience has shown that jettisons can be performed safely, but the process is complicated with the path to performing a jettison taking months or even years. In the background, time is also required to write procedures, train the crew, configure the vehicle, and many other activities. This paper outlines the current process used by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for manual jettisons, detailing the methods used to assure that the jettisons and the jettisoned objects are as safe as achievable and that the crew is adequately trained to be able to affect the safe jettison. The goal of this paper is not only to capture what it takes to perform safe jettisons in the near Earth environment but to extrapolate this knowledge to future space exploration scenarios that will likely have Extravehicular Activity (EVA) and International Partner (IP) interfaces.

Barton, Jay

2008-01-01

115

30 CFR 250.1933 - What procedures must be included for reporting unsafe working conditions?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 250.1933 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF...SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Safety and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) 250.1933 What procedures...

2013-07-01

116

30 CFR 250.1933 - What procedures must be included for reporting unsafe working conditions?  

...Section 250.1933 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF...SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Safety and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) 250.1933 What procedures...

2014-07-01

117

Effect of episodic and working memory impairments on semantic and cognitive procedural learning at alcohol treatment entry  

E-print Network

There is now evidence that chronic alcoholism results in brain abnormalities (Mann et al., 2001; Moselhy et alEffect of episodic and working memory impairments on semantic and cognitive procedural learning at alcohol treatment entry Anne Lise Pitel1 , Thomas Witkowski1 , François Vabret2 , Bérengère Guillery

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

118

41 CFR 102-5.65 - What procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period...MANAGEMENT REGULATION GENERAL 5-HOME-TO-WORK TRANSPORTATION Authorizing Home-to-Work Transportation 102-5.65 What...

2010-07-01

119

41 CFR 102-5.65 - What procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period?  

...procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period...MANAGEMENT REGULATION GENERAL 5-HOME-TO-WORK TRANSPORTATION Authorizing Home-to-Work Transportation 102-5.65 What...

2014-01-01

120

41 CFR 102-5.65 - What procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period...MANAGEMENT REGULATION GENERAL 5-HOME-TO-WORK TRANSPORTATION Authorizing Home-to-Work Transportation 102-5.65 What...

2013-07-01

121

41 CFR 102-5.65 - What procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period...MANAGEMENT REGULATION GENERAL 5-HOME-TO-WORK TRANSPORTATION Authorizing Home-to-Work Transportation 102-5.65 What...

2011-01-01

122

41 CFR 102-5.65 - What procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...procedures apply when the need for home-to-work transportation exceeds the initial period...MANAGEMENT REGULATION GENERAL 5-HOME-TO-WORK TRANSPORTATION Authorizing Home-to-Work Transportation 102-5.65 What...

2012-01-01

123

23 CFR 630.1106 - Policy and procedures for work zone safety management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...adequate to manage work zone exposure and reduce the risks of crashes resulting... (5) Type of work (as related to...exposure and crash risks); (6) Distance...may increase crash risks (e.g., poor...Access to/from work space;...

2011-04-01

124

23 CFR 630.1106 - Policy and procedures for work zone safety management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...adequate to manage work zone exposure and reduce the risks of crashes resulting... (5) Type of work (as related to...exposure and crash risks); (6) Distance...may increase crash risks (e.g., poor...Access to/from work space;...

2010-04-01

125

Learning procedures: the role of working memory in multimedia learning experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The ubiquitous label 'some assembly required' signals the appearance of instructions for assembly procedures. These instructions come in various formats, some of which may be more effective than others. Previous research has demonstrated advantages for multimedia as compared to single-format presentations. The current study sought to outline the cognitive processes contributing to this advantage. Specifically, two experiments examined the

Tad T. Bruny; Holly A. Taylor; David N. Rapp; Alexander B. Spiro

2006-01-01

126

Prenatal Diagnosis: Current Procedures and Implications for Early Interventionists Working with Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of procedures commonly used in prenatal screening and diagnosis including ultrasound, amniocentesis, chorionic villus biopsy, maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein, and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis. Emphasis is on the role of the early interventionist in supporting families during prenatal diagnosis. (Author/DB)

Blasco, Patricia M.; And Others

1994-01-01

127

Radon Testing for Safe Schools Act. Report (To Accompany S. 1697) from the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was written to accompany the Radon Testing for Safe Schools Act (S.1697), a bill that provides for radon testing of schools located in high risk radon areas and provides limited financial assistance to schools for mitigation of high levels of radon. A description of radon, its harmful effects, and the radon levels detected in schools

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works.

128

When do procedural fairness and outcome fairness interact to influence employees' work attitudes and behaviors? The moderating effect of uncertainty.  

PubMed

Prior research has shown that procedural fairness interacts with outcome fairness to influence employees' work attitudes (e.g., organizational commitment) and behaviors (e.g., job performance, organizational citizenship behavior), such that employees' tendencies to respond more positively to higher procedural fairness are stronger when outcome fairness is relatively low. In the present studies, we posited that people's uncertainty about their standing as organizational members would have a moderating influence on this interactive relationship between procedural fairness and outcome fairness, in that the interactive relationship was expected to be more pronounced when uncertainty was high. Using different operationalizations of uncertainty of standing (i.e., length of tenure as a proxy, along with self-reports and coworkers' reports), we found support for this hypothesis in 4 field studies spanning 3 different countries. PMID:20230070

De Cremer, David; Brockner, Joel; Fishman, Ariel; van Dijke, Marius; van Olffen, Woody; Mayer, David M

2010-03-01

129

Safe Passage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools are almost entirely reliant on alarms and sprinklers for their fire protection. As these devices need to be triggered and supplied with power or water to work properly, they are vulnerable to errors. To provide adequate safety, a good fire-protection program must have three primary elements: fire protection and suppression, and

Razwick, Jeff

2007-01-01

130

How Safe Are Kid-Safe Search Engines?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines search tools available to elementary and secondary school students, both human-compiled and crawler-based, to help direct them to age-appropriate Web sites; analyzes the procedures of search engines labeled family-friendly or kid safe that use filters; and tests the effectiveness of these services to students in school libraries. (LRW)

Masterson-Krum, Hope

2001-01-01

131

Aerosols and Particulates Workshop Sampling Procedures and Venues Working Group Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Sampling Procedures and Venues Workgroup discussed the potential venues available and issues associated with obtaining measurements. Some of the issues included Incoming Air Quality, Sampling Locations, Probes and Sample Systems. The following is a summary of the discussion of the issues and venues. The influence of inlet air to the measurement of exhaust species, especially trace chemical species, must be considered. Analysis procedures for current engine exhaust emissions regulatory measurements require adjustments for air inlet humidity. As a matter of course in scientific investigations, it is recommended that "background" measurements for any species, particulate or chemical, be performed during inlet air flow before initiation of combustion, if possible, and during the engine test period as feasible and practical. For current regulatory measurements, this would be equivalent to setting the "zero" level for conventional gas analyzers. As a minimum, it is recommended that measurements of the humidity and particulates in the incoming air be taken at the start and end of each test run. Additional measurement points taken during the run are desirable if they can be practically obtained. It was felt that the presence of trace gases in the incoming air is not a significant problem. However, investigators should consider the ambient levels and influences of local air pollution for species of interest. Desired measurement locations depend upon the investigation requirements. A complete investigation of phenomenology of particulate formation and growth requires measurements at a number of locations both within the engine and in the exhaust field downstream of the nozzle exit plane. Desirable locations for both extractive and in situ measurements include: (1) Combustion Zone (Multiple axial locations); (2) Combustor Exit (Multiple radial locations for annular combustors); (3) Turbine Stage (Inlet and exit of the stage); (4) Exit Nozzle (Multiple axial locations downstream of the nozzle). Actual locations with potential for extractive or non-intrusive measurements depend upon the test article and test configuration. Committee members expressed the importance of making investigators aware of various ports that could allow access to various stages of the existing engines. Port locations are engine si)ecific and might allow extractive sampling or innovative hybrid optical-probe access. The turbine stage region was one the most desirable locations for obtaining samples and might be accessed through boroscope ports available in some engine designs. Discussions of probes and sampling systems quickly identified issues dependent on particular measurement quantities. With general consensus, the group recommends SAE procedures for measurements and data analyses of currently regulated exhaust species (CO2, CO, THC, NO(x),) using conventional gas sampling techniques. Special procedures following sound scientific practices must be developed as required for species and/or measurement conditions not covered by SAE standards. Several issues arose concerning short lived radicals and highly reactive species. For conventional sampling, there are concerns of perturbing the sample during extraction, line losses, line-wall reactions, and chemical reactions during the sample transport to the analyzers. Sample lines coated with quartz.or other materials should be investigated for minimization of such effects. The group advocates the development of innovative probe techniques and non-intrusive optical techniques for measurement of short lived radicals and highly reactive species that cannot be sampled accurately otherwise. Two innovative probe concepts were discussed. One concept uses specially designed probes to transfer optical beams to and from a region of flow inaccessible by traditional ports or windows. The probe can perturb the flow field but must have a negligible impact on the region to be optically sampled. Such probes are referred to as hybrid probes and are under development at AEDC for measurement in the high press

Pachlhofer, Peter; Howard, Robert

1999-01-01

132

Analogous mechanisms of selection and updating in declarative and procedural working memory: experiments and a computational model.  

PubMed

The article investigates the mechanisms of selecting and updating representations in declarative and procedural working memory (WM). Declarative WM holds the objects of thought available, whereas procedural WM holds representations of what to do with these objects. Both systems consist of three embedded components: activated long-term memory, a central capacity-limited component for building structures through temporary bindings, and a single-element focus of attention. Five experiments test the hypothesis of analogous mechanisms in declarative and procedural WM, investigating repetition effects across trials for individual representations (objects and responses) and for sets (memory sets and task sets), as well as set-congruency effects. Evidence for analogous processes was obtained from three phenomena: (1) Costs of task switching and of list switching are reduced with longer preparation interval. (2) The effects of task congruency and of list congruency are undiminished with longer preparation interval. (3) Response repetition interacts with task repetition in procedural WM; here we show an analogous interaction of list repetition with item repetition in declarative WM. All three patterns were reproduced by a connectionist model implementing the assumed selection and updating mechanisms. The model consists of two modules, an item-selection module selecting individual items from a memory set, or responses from a task set, and a set-selection module for selecting memory sets or task sets. The model codes the matrix of binding weights in the item-selection module as a pattern of activation in the set-selection module, thereby providing a mechanism for building chunks in LTM, and for unpacking them as structures into working memory. PMID:23276689

Oberauer, Klaus; Souza, Alessandra S; Druey, Michel D; Gade, Miriam

2013-03-01

133

The Effect of Principle-Procedure and Procedure-Principle Sequencing on Learning Outcomes. IDD&E Working Paper No. 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the effects of two instructional sequences--principle-procedure and procedure-principle--on the application and transfer of learning. It was hypothesized that a principle-procedure sequence would result in better near-transfer and far-transfer and that students would prefer this sequence. The 38 freshmen enrolled in a business

Lim-Quek, Muriel; And Others

134

Procedures for using the Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs The Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs function has been created to allow departments to  

E-print Network

Procedures for using the Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs The Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs function has been created to allow departments to maintain supervisor information for hourly paid work-study students. Work-Study jobs have an assigned supervisor when they are created

Guenther, Frank

135

The HALO system-applying the safe wing concept to airline operations in ground icing conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process has been developed to improve upon the existing Clean Aircraft concept as currently defined by FAA guidelines for airline operations. The new Safe Wing concept works with existing airline programs for operations in icing conditions. It adds a contamination detection and classification system to the current procedural system. This addition improves overall system safety while eliminating burdensome checks,

M. T. Peterson; L. Nguyen; D. V. Edleman; J. F. Coffel

1995-01-01

136

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 1/12)  

E-print Network

quivers, and cannot pump or deliver oxygenated blood to the body. Permanent brain damage and death can is a Heart Attack? A heart attack (also called a myocardial infarction) is the death of part of the heart muscle due to sudden loss of blood supply. Death of the heart muscle often causes chest pain

Farritor, Shane

137

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)  

E-print Network

of acrylamide exposure may include irritation at the contact site; ataxia (loss of muscle coordination), numb limbs, paresthesia (tingling); muscle weakness; absent deep tendon reflex; hand sweating; lassitude

Farritor, Shane

138

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 12/11)  

E-print Network

of this SOP is based on requirements established by the following standards: · NIH Guidelines for Research · Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1030, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. · Biohazardous waste that is autoclaved on-site to render it non-infectious or non- viable must have autoclave

Farritor, Shane

139

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 2/10)  

E-print Network

workers and the immediate environment from infectious aerosols generated within the cabinet. Class II BSCs in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, 5th Ed. (2007) The National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) Biosafety

Farritor, Shane

140

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 4/10)  

E-print Network

.). · Voluntary use of a respirator is subject to medical qualification, except voluntary use of a filtering the respirator's limitations. (Created 8/03; Revised 6/05, 2/08, 4/08) UNL Environmental Health and Safety · (402) 472-4925 · http://ehs.unl.edu #12;(Created 8/03; Revised 6/05, 2/08, 4/08) UNL Environmental Health

Farritor, Shane

141

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 1/09)  

E-print Network

from the horse. · A "nuisance kicker" may `cow kick' when irritated by flies, or when uncomfortable. The other horse may get irritated and suddenly kick. If the horse is a known "kicker," tie a red ribbon

Farritor, Shane

142

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 1/09)  

E-print Network

at the lower end of the pole with a polypropylene rope. Do not use a wire or chain. · Apply and maintain, materials, and PPE when there are power lines in the vicinity. · Use a pull rope to prevent branches from of ropes, lanyar

Farritor, Shane

143

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)  

E-print Network

result in rotor failure. Improper loading and balancing of rotors can also cause failure://ehs.unl.edu/) Rotors on high-speed centrifuge and ultracentrifuge units are subject to mechanical stress that can. · Instruments and rotors are specifically matched and tested as a system. Do not attempt to use rotors

Farritor, Shane

144

Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 5/08)  

E-print Network

centrifuge tubes with o-ring screw caps. · Ensure that the centrifuge is properly balanced. · Use outer the centrifugation run. · Never exceed the specified speed limitations of the rotor as listed in the owner's manual

Farritor, Shane

145

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)  

E-print Network

all arc welding or arc cutting operations, excluding submerged arc welding. Helpers or attendants Guide Operation/Process Electrode Size in. (mm) Arc Current (Amperes) Min Protective Shade Suggested Shade No. Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) Less than 3/32 (2.5) 3/32-5/32 (2.5-4) 5/32-1/4 (4-6.4) More

Farritor, Shane

146

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 4/11)  

E-print Network

refrigerator or freezer, and/or · Storage in a locked room where all entrances are locked when a radiation location (e.g., chained or strapped to the refrigerator) or the store location (e.g., freezer) MUST

Farritor, Shane

147

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 8/09)  

E-print Network

in a sealed box, labeled as "Universal Waste (Created 3/07; Revised 5/08) UNL Environmental Health and Safety. Spent/unwanted non-alkaline batteries are labeled as "Universal Waste Batteries," dated with a date less battery recycler. Aerosol cans are not discarded. They are placed in the designated drum or container

Farritor, Shane

148

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)  

E-print Network

if necessary; don't try to carry everything at once. · Try to keep trash bag or can out of "danger zone" (above of the "danger zone.' · Store lightweight and infrequently used items on top shelves. General Tips · Do not carry/items closest to you. · Pay attention to uneven surfaces. Slow down when rolling over thresholds

Farritor, Shane

149

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)  

E-print Network

and instruments within easy reach. Use an adjustable stool or chair with lumbar support when sitting at a lab. · Maintain good posture, keeping the natural curve of the spine in place. Keep the neck neutral and do

Farritor, Shane

150

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 12/08)  

E-print Network

-4925 · http://ehs.unl.edu However, persons with severe allergies to insect venom or persons who have been supplies and first aid measures should be modified for individuals known to have severe allergies to insect

Farritor, Shane

151

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 3/11)  

E-print Network

to petroleum based, animal, nut, and vegetable fats, oils, and greases, milk and milk products and ethanol by permitting may be required. · Installing fuel tanks or other tanks containing oil (including but not limited-products), may require installation permits as well as compliance with Oil Pollution Prevention regulatory

Farritor, Shane

152

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 1/09)  

E-print Network

.e., carbon dioxide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen tetroxide, etc.) and consumption of oxygen for minimizing those hazards. Hazardous Atmospheres (oxygen deficiency, toxic gases, allergens) The atmosphere poses a fall hazard. · Ladders more than 20 feet high require caged steps. (Created 10/05) UNL

Farritor, Shane

153

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 8/09)  

E-print Network

provided with the kit or two small pieces of stiff cardboard (one in each hand), consolidate the droplets. Place the recovered mercury and other contaminated materials (i.e., broken thermometer, cardboard

Farritor, Shane

154

Safe driving for teens  

MedlinePLUS

Driving and teenagers; Teens and safe driving; Automobile safety - teenage drivers ... Make a Commitment to Safety Teens also need to commit to being safe and responsible drivers in order improve the odds in their favor. Reckless driving is ...

155

Be Safe After a Hurricane  

MedlinePLUS

... Children Safe From Drowning in Flooded Areas Avoiding Carbon Monoxide Poisoning During a Power Outage Driving Through Water After a Disaster Preventing Trench Foot or Immersion Foot Identification and Treatment of Hypothermia Related to Exposure While Working in Cold Water General Information about ...

156

Organizing Safe Transitions from Intensive Care  

PubMed Central

Background. Organizing and performing patient transfers in the continuum of care is part of the work of nurses and other staff of a multiprofessional healthcare team. An understanding of discharge practices is needed in order to ultimate patients' transfers from high technological intensive care units (ICU) to general wards. Aim. To describe, as experienced by intensive care and general ward staff, what strategies could be used when organizing patient's care before, during, and after transfer from intensive care. Method. Interviews of 15 participants were conducted, audio-taped, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results. The results showed that the categories secure, encourage, and collaborate are strategies used in the three phases of the ICU transitional care process. The main category; a safe, interactive rehabilitation process, illustrated how all strategies were characterized by an intention to create and maintain safety during the process. A three-way interaction was described: between staff and patient/families, between team members and involved units, and between patient/family and environment. Discussion/Conclusions. The findings highlight that ICU transitional care implies critical care rehabilitation. Discharge procedures need to be safe and structured and involve collaboration, encouraging support, optimal timing, early mobilization, and a multidiscipline approach. PMID:24782924

Hggstrm, Marie; Bckstrm, Britt

2014-01-01

157

Development of a systems theoretical procedure for evaluation of the work organization of the cockpit crew of a civil transport airplane  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To achieve optimum design for the man machine interface with aircraft, a description of the interaction and work organization of the cockpit crew is needed. The development of system procedure to evaluate the work organization of pilots while structuring the work process is examined. Statistical data are needed to simulate sequences of pilot actions on the computer. Investigations of computer simulation and applicability for evaluation of crew concepts are discussed.

Fricke, M.; Vees, C.

1983-01-01

158

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

159

Recommendations for the safe handling of injectable antineoplastic drug products.  

PubMed

Routes through which health-care workers may be exposed to injectable antineoplastic drug products are reviewed, and recommendations developed by the National Institutes of Health for the safe handling of such products are presented. Routes of exposure are primarily through inhalation of the aerosolized drug product and by direct skin contact. The potential risks from repeated contact with injectable antineoplastic drug products can be controlled by the use of specific containment equipment and certain work techniques. It is recommended that all procedure involved in the preparation of injectable antineoplastics be performed in a Class II laminar flow biological safety cabinet. PMID:7304621

Zimmerman, P F; Larsen, R K; Barkley, E W; Gallelli, J F

1981-11-01

160

Safe at Home Name: ________________________________  

E-print Network

: Creating a Safe Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Chapter 4: Using the Kitchen: Planning Your Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Section II: Safety Suggestions Chapter 7: Basic Safety Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Chapter

Liskiewicz, Maciej

161

The Fire Safe Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing the combined expertise, resources and distribution channels of its members, the Fire Safe Council fulfills its mission to preserve California's natural and manmade resources by mobilizing all Californians to make their homes, neighborhoods and communities fire safe. The Council has distributed fire prevention education materials to industry leaders and their constituents, evaluated legislation pertaining to fire safety and empowered grassroots organizations to spearhead fire safety programs. The site offers information on workshops and conferences, meeting minutes and details about local councils, an electronic newsletter, and fire safe education tools for individuals, business or local Fire Safe councils to raise awareness of the need to prepare for wildfires.

162

Contingent reward transactional leadership, work attitudes, and organizational citizenship behavior: The role of procedural justice climate perceptions and strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 212 bank employees, we developed a model in which procedural justice climate perceptions and strength mediated the relationships between contingent reward leader behavior and follower satisfaction with supervisor, organizational commitment, and rated organizational citizenship behavior, controlling for perceived supervisor support. Results from the HLM analysis showed that procedural justice climate perceptions and strength completely mediated the

Fred O. Walumbwa; Cindy Wu; Bani Orwa

2008-01-01

163

OSUHazcomBook.docx 1 Working Safely  

E-print Network

...........................................................................................................................4 4. Material Safety Data Sheets" about hazardous chemicals, and shows how to use a Safety Data Sheet. Oregon State University has to provide a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for each hazardous chemical or chemical product they distribute. The SDS

Escher, Christine

164

Staying Healthy and Safe at Work  

MedlinePLUS

... your patients Medical resources Professional education Perinatal Statistics Scholarships and grants Advocacy Nonprofit issues Access to health ... need before you go. Air travel The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) reassures women that ...

165

Eroticizing Safe Sex  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers several lesbian-produced safe sex tapes which engage pornographic vernacular with a dual purpose, offering both a very pointed counter to the dearth of erotic imagery depicting lesbian sex\\/sexuality specifically by and for women, but also functioning as pedagogical (self-help) tools for rethinking safe sex.

Christie Milliken

1999-01-01

166

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR DEFINING WORKING DATABASES AND DATA ENTRY FORMS (HAND ENTRY) (UA-D-3.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this SOP is to outline a standard approach to naming and defining variables, data types, and data entry forms. This procedure applies to all working databases created during the NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Keywords: databases; standards. The National...

167

Safe Water for Kids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website houses hands-on water education activities. These activities can be used indoors, in a classroom setting, or outdoors. Activity I, How Does Water Move Through the Earth, displays the presence and character of pore spaces in sediments and rocks. Activity II, Where Does Contamination Go, demonstrates the law of conservation of mass, and contaminant movement. Activity III, Is Dilution the Solution to Pollution, shows the effect of dilution on certain contaminants. Activity IV, Down the Drain and into the Yard, reveals how a private septic system works, ways it can be damaged and how it should be maintained. Activity V, Aquifer in a Pan, exhibits some aspects of the interactions between ground water and surface water. This activity provides a visual tool to show how water is stored in an aquifer, and how drinking water can become contaminated by human activities that occur near the earth's surface. All activities are available in a printer friendly format. Links are provided to Purdue University's Safe Water for the Future Extension Program.

168

Flame Tests Performed Safely  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The trend toward inquiry-based learning is providing today's students with a more enriching education. When implementing inquiry it is important to recognize the great number of safety concerns that accompany this paradigm shift. Fortunately, with some consideration, teachers can shape students' laboratory experiments into safe and valuable learning experiences. One very popular demonstration is the flame test. The author provides a safe and effective alternative to the traditional flame test without the traditional use of methanol, and provides strategies that allow students to safely gain a better understanding of the atomic structure, the nature of light, and the electromagnetic spectrum.

Deborah Dogancay

2005-09-01

169

Bariatric Surgery Procedures  

MedlinePLUS

... banana. The Procedure This procedure works by several mechanisms. First, the new stomach pouch holds a considerably ... the food. The gastric bypass works by several mechanisms. First, similar to most bariatric procedures, the newly ...

170

Bottled Water Everywhere: Keeping it Safe  

MedlinePLUS

... is set at 5 ppb. For bottled water production, bottlers must follow the CGMP regulations put in place and enforced by FDA. Water must be sampled, analyzed, and found to be safe and sanitary. These regulations also require proper plant and equipment design, bottling procedures, and record keeping. ...

171

Environmentally safe fluid extractor  

DOEpatents

An environmentally safe fluid extraction device for use in mobile laboratory and industrial settings comprising a pump, compressor, valving system, waste recovery tank, fluid tank, and a exhaust filtering system.

Sungaila, Zenon F. (Orland Park, IL)

1993-01-01

172

Using Medications Safely  

MedlinePLUS

... health systems play an important role in preventing medication errors. To make sure you use medicines safely and effectively, ASHP recommends that you: Keep a list of all medications that you take (prescribed drugs, nonprescription medicines, herbal ...

173

Safe biodegradable fluorescent particles  

DOEpatents

A human-safe fluorescence particle that can be used for fluorescence detection instruments or act as a safe simulant for mimicking the fluorescence properties of microorganisms. The particle comprises a non-biological carrier and natural fluorophores encapsulated in the non-biological carrier. By doping biodegradable-polymer drug delivery microspheres with natural or synthetic fluorophores, the desired fluorescence can be attained or biological organisms can be simulated without the associated risks and logistical difficulties of live microorganisms.

Martin, Sue I. (Berkeley, CA); Fergenson, David P. (Alamo, CA); Srivastava, Abneesh (Santa Clara, CA); Bogan, Michael J. (Dublin, CA); Riot, Vincent J. (Oakland, CA); Frank, Matthias (Oakland, CA)

2010-08-24

174

Managing hazards in the workplace using organisational safety management systems: a safe place, safe person, safe systems approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not all hazards in the workplace manifest in the same way. Some are obvious because their impacts are direct and easily felt, such as physical workplace hazards; others are indirect because the effects are long term or further downstream from the original work process; and some are hazards because their absence, for example the lack of safe systems of work,

Chris Winder

2009-01-01

175

YMCA National Safe Place  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In today's world where many social services for young people are being scaled back due to budgetary constraints, outreach programs such as Project Safe Place are important to know about. The program got its start in 1983 in Louisville, and since then has spread to many parts of the country. Essentially, the Safe Place program creates a network of locations (such as schools, fire stations, YMCAs, and libraries) where young people who may be distressed by difficult and threatening situations, such as domestic disputes or other such problems, can find help and support resources. On the site, visitors can learn in great detail about the program, find Safe Place locations around the country, and read about the organization's history and current leadership. One highlight to note on the site is the Teen Topics area, which has been designed specifically for teenagers as a place to read about topics they may have questions about, such as eating disorders, suicide, and teen crime.

176

Safe Food in a Hurry.  

E-print Network

of the time) botulism poison. Botulism is fo;.w.Q more often in home-canned foods than in com- mer ' ) roducts, but be careful either way. " you keep germs off meat, poultry and dairy pro ducts, you avoid problems. Clean utensils, platters, hands...] Safe Food in a Hurry Mary K. Sweeten* Foodborne illness can lead to time away from the job for the employed homemaker besides causing family misery. You have to work to prevent food poisoning as you buy, store, cook and serve food. When you must...

Sweeten, Mary K.

1980-01-01

177

Keeping Campuses Safe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how colleges and universities are using technology, as well as traditional methods, to keep campuses safe and reduce crime. Topics include using free pizza in a successful contest to teach students about campus safety, installing security cameras, using access-control cards, providing adequate lighting, and creating a bicycle patrol

Kennedy, Mike

1999-01-01

178

Fishing for Safe Food  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive game adapted from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is a fun way to learn which types of fish contain low levels of mercury and are safe to eat and which contain high levels and should be avoided.

WGBH Educational Foundation

2010-12-23

179

How Safe Are Your Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As violence in school increases, administrators need to assess school security and take steps to make it effective. School employers must have an understanding of student discipline policies for any security system to work. A security assessment should examine such issues as policies and procedure, school sites, school security staff, and

Rubel, Robert J.; Blauvelt, Peter D.

1994-01-01

180

Exploring Safely: A Guide for Elementary Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Take the fear factor out of science lessons. This easy-to-digest book relieves many of the safety worries that come with teaching science in elementary school. The emphasis is on positive options for heading off potential hazards, from handling special equipment to conducting field studies. Chapters cover: - making safe work habits second nature to students - equipping your classroom for safety and conveniene, including organizational systems for preparation, setup, and cleanup - choosing and culturing live plants and animals for classroom study - working safely with electricity, chemicals, and volunteers A special added ingredient: model forms that can be adapted for your needs, including permission slips and student contracts. Best of all, a wealth of anecdotes about what works--and what doesn't--in real-life classrooms makes Exploring Safely enjoyable to read as well as to reference.

Juliana Texley

2002-01-01

181

Analysis of organo-chlorine pesticides residue in raw coffee with a modified "quick easy cheap effective rugged and safe" extraction/clean up procedure for reducing the impact of caffeine on the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry measurement.  

PubMed

The control of pesticide residues on raw coffee is a task of great importance due to high consumption of this beverage in Italy and in many other countries. High caffeine content can hamper extraction and measurement of any pesticide residue. A tandem extraction protocol has been devised by exploiting the quick easy cheap effective rugged and safe (QuEChERS) scheme for extraction, coupled to a dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction (DLLME) in order to drastically reduce caffeine content in the final extract. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been used for quantification of organo-chlorine pesticides in single ion monitoring (SIM) mode. Method has been validated and performances meet the criteria prescribed by European Union regulations. PMID:25537171

Bresin, Bruno; Piol, Maria; Fabbro, Denis; Mancini, Maria Antonietta; Casetta, Bruno; Del Bianco, Clorinda

2015-01-01

182

Approaching Suspicious Substances Safely  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A mineral identification tool that was developed for NASA's Mars Rover Technology Development program is now serving as a powerful tool for U.S. law enforcement agencies and military personnel to identify suspicious liquid and solid substances. The tool can measure unknown substances through glass and plastic packaging materials with the RamanProbe(TradeMark) focused fiber-optic probe. The probe length can be extended up to 200 meters to enable users to analyze potentially dangerous substances at a safe distance. In many cases, the spectrometer and personnel are kept in a safe zone while the probe is positioned next to the sample being analyzed. Being able to identify chemicals in remote locations also saves users time and labor, since otherwise the samples would need to be collected, transported, and prepared prior to measurement in the laboratory.

2004-01-01

183

Microelectromechanical safe arm device  

SciTech Connect

Microelectromechanical (MEM) apparatus and methods for operating, for preventing unintentional detonation of energetic components comprising pyrotechnic and explosive materials, such as air bag deployment systems, munitions and pyrotechnics. The MEM apparatus comprises an interrupting member that can be moved to block (interrupt) or complete (uninterrupt) an explosive train that is part of an energetic component. One or more latching members are provided that engage and prevent the movement of the interrupting member, until the one or more latching members are disengaged from the interrupting member. The MEM apparatus can be utilized as a safe and arm device (SAD) and electronic safe and arm device (ESAD) in preventing unintentional detonations. Methods for operating the MEM apparatus include independently applying drive signals to the actuators coupled to the latching members, and an actuator coupled to the interrupting member.

Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM)

2012-06-05

184

Addressing Lead-Based Paint Hazards During Renovation, Remodeling, and Rehabilitation in Federally Owned and Assisted Housing. Instructor Manual for Use in HUD-Sponsored Lead-Safe Work Practices Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the instructor's manual for a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) training course that reflects the requirements of HUD's Lead Safe Housing Rule and is designed to provide training contractors with information regarding containment, minimization, and cleanup of lead hazards during activities that disturb

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics.

185

Cool and Safe: Multiplicity in Safe Innovation at Unilever  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the making of a safe innovation: the application of ice structuring protein (ISP) in edible ices. It argues that safety is not the absence of risk but is an active accomplishment; innovations are not "made safe afterward" but "safe innovations are made". Furthermore, there are multiple safeties to be accomplished in the

Penders, Bart

2011-01-01

186

Transcoding abilities in typical and atypical mathematics achievers: the role of working memory and procedural and lexical competencies.  

PubMed

Transcoding between numerical systems is one of the most basic abilities acquired by children during their early school years. One important topic that requires further exploration is how mathematics proficiency can affect number transcoding. The aim of the current study was to investigate transcoding abilities (i.e., reading Arabic numerals and writing dictation) in Brazilian children with and without mathematics difficulties, focusing on different school grades. We observed that children with learning difficulties in mathematics demonstrated lower achievement in number transcoding in both early and middle elementary school. In early elementary school, difficulties were observed in both the basic numerical lexicon and the management of numerical syntax. In middle elementary school, difficulties appeared mainly in the transcoding of more complex numbers. An error analysis revealed that the children with mathematics difficulties struggled mainly with the acquisition of transcoding rules. Although we confirmed the previous evidence on the impact of working memory capacity on number transcoding, we found that it did not fully account for the observed group differences. The results are discussed in the context of a maturational lag in number transcoding ability in children with mathematics difficulties. PMID:24007971

Moura, Ricardo; Wood, Guilherme; Pinheiro-Chagas, Pedro; Lonnemann, Jan; Krinzinger, Helga; Willmes, Klaus; Haase, Vitor Geraldi

2013-11-01

187

How to Safely Give Ibuprofen  

MedlinePLUS

... of ibuprofen are available in similar forms. Continue How to Give When giving ibuprofen, refer to the following ... THIS TOPIC Fever and Taking Your Child's Temperature How to Safely Give Acetaminophen Medications: Using Them Safely Talking ...

188

Safe Space Oddity: Revisiting Critical Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inspired by an incident in a social work graduate classroom in which she was a teaching assistant, the author reflects on her commitment to constructivist teaching methods, critical theory, and critical pedagogy. Exploring the educational utility of notions such as public space and safe space, the author employs this personal experience to examine

Redmond, Melissa

2010-01-01

189

Creating a safe environment.  

PubMed

William Sage provides an excellent rationalization for today's medical liability crisis. Patient safety and a safe environment are related concepts directed at helping to resolve this crisis. His paper helps to bring the complexities into perspective and suggests the need for an even better definition of "avoidable error" and for a righting of the tort system in the direction of the health care provider. I discuss here two ideas concerning injury compensation tables and medical liability specialty courts to help bring about this "righting." PMID:12889748

Huber, George A

2003-01-01

190

Asymptotically safe Higgs inflation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct a new inflation model in which the standard model Higgs boson couples minimally to gravity and acts as the inflaton. Our construction of Higgs inflation incorporates the standard model with Einstein gravity which exhibits asymptotic safety in the ultraviolet region. The slow roll condition is satisfied at large field value due to the asymptotically safe behavior of Higgs self-coupling at high energies. We find that this minimal construction is highly predictive, and is consistent with both cosmological observations and collider experiments.

Xianyu, Zhong-Zhi; He, Hong-Jian

2014-10-01

191

Remind: Safe Classroom Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Not just for teachers! This handy app allows organizers of all kinds to send safe, easy, and free one-way messages to groups and individuals. Phone numbers are kept private. Teachers, coaches, club leaders, and others use the service to schedule reminders, assignments, homework, assessments, and motivational messages directly to studentsâ, parentsâ, and group membersâ phones. This app is designed for iPhone and iPad users running iOS 6.0 or later.

2014-08-28

192

Safe prescribing: a titanic challenge  

PubMed Central

The challenge to achieve safe prescribing merits the adjective titanic. The organisational and human errors leading to poor prescribing (e.g. underprescribing, overprescribing, misprescribing or medication errors) have parallels in the organisational and human errors that led to the loss of the Titanic 100 years ago this year. Prescribing can be adversely affected by communication failures, critical conditions, complacency, corner cutting, callowness and a lack of courage of conviction, all of which were also factors leading to the Titanic tragedy. These issues need to be addressed by a commitment to excellence, the final component of the Seven C's. Optimal prescribing is dependent upon close communication and collaborative working between highly trained health professionals, whose role is to ensure maximum clinical effectiveness, whilst also protecting their patients from avoidable harm. Since humans are prone to error, and the environments in which they work are imperfect, it is not surprising that medication errors are common, occurring more often during the prescribing stage than during dispensing or administration. A commitment to excellence in prescribing includes a continued focus on lifelong learning (including interprofessional learning) in pharmacology and therapeutics. This should be accompanied by improvements in the clinical working environment of prescribers, and the encouragement of a strong safety culture (including reporting of adverse incidents as well as suspected adverse drug reactions whenever appropriate). Finally, members of the clinical team must be prepared to challenge each other, when necessary, to ensure that prescribing combines the highest likelihood of benefit with the lowest potential for harm. PMID:22738396

Routledge, Philip A

2012-01-01

193

Risk management study for the retired Hanford Site facilities. Volume 2, Risk evaluation work procedure for the retired Hanford Site facilities  

SciTech Connect

Risk from retired surplus facilities has always been assumed to be low at the Hanford Site as the facilities are inactive and have few potentials for causing an offsite hazardous material release. However,the fatal accident that occurred in the spring of 1992 in which an employee fell through a deteriorated roof at the 105-F Reactor Building has raised the possibility that retired facilities represent a greater risk than was originally assumed. Therefore, Westinghouse Hanford Company and the US Department of Energy management have determined that facility risk management strategies and programmatic plans should be reevaluated to assure risks are identified and appropriate corrective action plans are developed. To evaluate risk management strategies, accurate risk information about the current and projected condition of the facilities must be developed. This work procedure has been created to address the development of accurate and timely risk information. By using the evaluation results in this procedure, it will be possible to create a prioritized baseline for managing facility risk until all retired surplus facilities are demolished.

Coles, G.A.; Shultz, M.V.; Taylor, W.E.

1993-04-01

194

Safety Practices for Demolition Procedures. Module SH-41. Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student module on safety practices for demolition procedures is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. This module presents a general outline of the safe work practices that should be followed at a demolition job site in order for workers to avoid injury. Following the introduction, 10 objectives (each keyed to a page in the

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

195

Protection from Potential Exposure for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement  

SciTech Connect

The Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium has recently completed developing the conceptual design for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement (NSC). Battelle has the scope of work related to environment and safety of the design. As part of the safety analysis, an analysis was performed to determine the degree of protection to be provided during the construction and 100-year operation period for expected upsets and lower-probability events that would occur from errors, procedures, other human factors, and equipment failures, i.e., ''potential exposures'' other than normal operations. The analysis was based on results of the Preliminary Hazards Analysis. The potential exposure analysis was performed in accordance with existing Ukranian regulations and working processes and procedures in place at the Shelter Object. KSK (a Ukranian Consortium), a subcontractor to the Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium, performed much of the dose analysis. The analysis concluded that potential exposures, outside of those expected during normal operations, would be acceptable and that design criteria and features, and preventative and mitigative measures currently in place at the Shelter would be sufficient to meet operating exposure limits.

Shipler, Dillard B.; Rudko, Vladimir; Batiy, Valeriy; Timmins, Douglas C.; Brothers, Alan J.; Schmidt, John P.; Swearingen, Gary L.; Schmieman, Eric A.

2004-03-24

196

Safe pill-dispensing.  

PubMed

Each patient is supplied with a smart-card containing a Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) chip storing a unique identification code. The patient places the Smart-card on a pill-dispenser unit containing an RFID reader. The RFID chip is read and the code sent to a Base-station via a wireless Bluetooth link. A database containing both patient details and treatment information is queried at the Base-station using the RFID as the search key. The patient's treatment data (i.e., drug names, quantities, time, etc.) are retrieved and sent back to the pill-dispenser unit via Bluetooth. Appropriate quantities of the required medications are automatically dispensed, unless the patient has already taken his/her daily dose. Safe, confidential communication and operation is ensured. PMID:17901607

Testa, Massimiliano; Pollard, John

2007-01-01

197

The environmentally safe battery  

SciTech Connect

There are three aspects to an environmentally safe battery. The first deals with the manufacturing process, the second with the use of environmentally friendly materials, and the third with the disposal and/or recycling of spent units. In this paper, several ongoing programs at Sandia National Laboratories that relate to the environmentally conscious manufacturing of batteries, are discussed. The solvent substitution/elimination program is a two-pronged effort, aimed at identifying new solvents which are compatible with the environment, while at the same time developing dry process cleaning technology. The joining program is evaluating new solvents for flux removal as well as the development of fluxless soldering processes. In the area of welding, new cleaning processes are under study. Chemical microsensors are under development that are capable of identifying and quantifying single chemical species. These sensors have been used to monitor and improve processes using toxic/hazardous solvents. 1 ref., 1 fig.

Levy, S.C.; Brown, N.E.

1991-01-01

198

Methods and Procedures for Shielding Analyses for the SNS  

SciTech Connect

In order to provide radiologically safe Spallation Neutron Source operation, shielding analyses are performed according to Oak Ridge National Laboratory internal regulations and to comply with the Code of Federal Regulations. An overview of on-going shielding work for the accelerator facility and neutrons beam lines, methods, used for the analyses, and associated procedures and regulations is presented. Methods used to perform shielding analyses are described as well.

Gallmeier, Franz X [ORNL] [ORNL; Iverson, Erik B [ORNL] [ORNL; Remec, Igor [ORNL] [ORNL; Lu, Wei [ORNL] [ORNL; Popova, Irina [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01

199

Dietary Supplements: What Is Safe?  

MedlinePLUS

... saved articles window. My Saved Articles My ACS Dietary Supplements: What Is Safe? Download Printable Version [PDF] Dietary supplements include things like vitamins, minerals, herbs, or products ...

200

Strategies and challenges for safe injection practice in developing countries  

PubMed Central

Injection is one of the important health care procedures used globally to administer drugs. Its unsafe use can transmit various blood borne pathogens. This article aims to review the history and status of injection practices, its importance, interventions and the challenges for safe injection practice in developing countries. The history of injections started with the discovery of syringe in the early nineteenth century. Safe injection practice in developed countries was initiated in the early twentieth century but has not received adequate attention in developing countries. The establishment of Safe Injection Global Network (SIGN) was an milestone towards safe injection practice globally. In developing countries, people perceive injection as a powerful healing tool and do not hesitate to pay more for injections. Unsafe disposal and reuse of contaminated syringe is common. Ensuring safe injection practice is one of the greatest challenges for healthcare system in developing countries. To address the problem, interventions with active involvement of a number of stakeholders is essential. A combination of educational, managerial and regulatory strategies is found to be effective and economically viable. Rational and safe use of injections can save many lives but unsafe practice threatens life. Safe injection practice is crucial in developing countries. Evidence based interventions, with honest commitment and participation from the service provider, recipient and community with aid of policy makers are required to ensure safe injection practice. PMID:23662018

Gyawali, Sudesh; Rathore, Devendra Singh; Shankar, P Ravi; Kumar, KC Vikash

2013-01-01

201

Take Your Medicines Safely  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... better, the antibiotic is working in killing the bacteria, but it might not completely give what they call a "bactericidal effect." That means taking the bacteria completely out of the system. It might be ...

202

Teens for Safe Cosmetics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Earth Island Institute's New Leaders Initiative, meet a high school student who worked to enact a state law to make cosmetics safer, after she learned they contained toxic chemicals linked to cancer.

2011-04-13

203

29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

2012-07-01

204

29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

2013-07-01

205

29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.  

...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

2014-07-01

206

The Safe Storage Study for Autocatalytic Reactive Chemicals  

E-print Network

. The contamination effect of iron ions and nitric acid on diluted hydroxylamine nitrate solution is also studied. This work also identified the safe storage conditions for a small quantity HAN diluted solution with thermal explosion theory. Computational Fluid...

Liu, Lijun

2010-10-12

207

30 CFR 77.312 - Fail safe monitoring systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Thermal Dryers 77.312 Fail safe monitoring systems. Thermal dryer systems and controls shall be protected...equipment upon failure of any component in the dryer...

2010-07-01

208

30 CFR 77.312 - Fail safe monitoring systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Thermal Dryers 77.312 Fail safe monitoring systems. Thermal dryer systems and controls shall be protected...equipment upon failure of any component in the dryer...

2012-07-01

209

30 CFR 77.312 - Fail safe monitoring systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Thermal Dryers 77.312 Fail safe monitoring systems. Thermal dryer systems and controls shall be protected...equipment upon failure of any component in the dryer...

2013-07-01

210

30 CFR 77.312 - Fail safe monitoring systems.  

...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Thermal Dryers 77.312 Fail safe monitoring systems. Thermal dryer systems and controls shall be protected...equipment upon failure of any component in the dryer...

2014-07-01

211

30 CFR 77.312 - Fail safe monitoring systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Thermal Dryers 77.312 Fail safe monitoring systems. Thermal dryer systems and controls shall be protected...equipment upon failure of any component in the dryer...

2011-07-01

212

KEEPING OURSELVES SAFE NEAR DOGS  

E-print Network

KEEPING OURSELVES SAFE NEAR DOGS Kendal Shepherd (BVSc, CCAB, MRCVS) Adapted for classroom use;2 Keeping ourselves safe near dogs 1 Do you have a pet dog? 2 Do you like dogs? 3 Does a relative of yours have a pet dog? 4 What makes dogs likely to bite? 5 How can we prevent a dog biting us? 6 Is a small

Little, Tony

213

Creating Safe Neighborhoods, Safe Streets, Safe Schools, [and] Safe Workplaces: Using Illinois' Drug Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides renters, homeowners, teachers, parents, and workers with tools for ridding their communities of illegal drugs. The booklet describes relevant anti-drug laws, and provides examples of how they are being used successfully in one state. The case studies cited almost always involve individuals and community groups working

Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, Chicago.

214

Radiation Monitoring Equipment Procedure: 7.513 Created: 10/30/2013 Version: 1.0 Revised  

E-print Network

Radiation Monitoring Equipment Procedure: 7.513 Created: 10/30/2013 Version: 1.0 Revised materials and/or radiation-producing equipment are required to maintain appropriate radiation monitoring equipment for performing radiation detection surveys. This ensures that the work environment is safe and can

Jia, Songtao

215

Hydrofluoric Acid Policy Procedure: 5.08 Created: 7/2007 Version: 2.0 Revised: 9/2014  

E-print Network

Hydrofluoric Acid Policy Procedure: 5.08 Created: 7/2007 Version: 2.0 Revised: 9/2014 Environmental with hydrofluoric acid (HF), a highly hazardous chemical. It outlines safe work practices and response in case Hydrofluoric Acid (HF) is an inorganic acid which is derived from dissolving hydrogen fluoride in water. HF

Jia, Songtao

216

Implantable medical devices MRI safe.  

PubMed

Pacemakers, ICDs, neurostimulators like deep brain stimulator electrodes, spiral cord stimulators, insulin pumps, cochlear implants, retinal implants, hearing aids, electro cardio gram (ECG) leads, or devices in interventional MRI such as vascular guide wires or catheters are affected by MRI magnetic and electromagnetic fields. Design of MRI Safe medical devices requires computer modeling, bench testing, phantom testing, and animal studies. Implanted medical devices can be MRI unsafe, MRI conditional or MRI safe (see glossary). In the following paragraphs we will investigate how to design implanted medical devices MRI safe. PMID:23739365

Dal Molin, Renzo; Hecker, Bertrand

2013-01-01

217

Safe Operating Procedure NUGRANT IBC PROTOCOL FORM INSTRUCTIONS FOR  

E-print Network

animals for surveillance of agents infectious to humans and/or animals designated at BSL-2 or higher (e.g., rabies, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome) as determined by risk assessment of the target species group) · PPE Use · Vaccinations and Medical Monitoring o Describe any health surveillance measures

Farritor, Shane

218

Humeral lengthening by distraction osteogenesis: a safe procedure?  

PubMed

This study was conducted to assess the safety of humeral lengthening using an Ilizarov frame. We retrospectively reviewed 26 humeral segments in 17 patients that were lengthened at our department between 1993 and 2011. There were varying aetiologies including achondroplasia, epiphyseal dysplasia, Oilier disease, trauma or infection of the proximal humeral growth-plate, unicameral bone cyst and brachial plexus injury. Mean age at start of surgery was 17.05 years (range : 5-40). The mean lengthening achieved was 8.85 (3-13) cm. Mean lengthening percentage was 353% (range : 10-48). Average healing index was 30.56 days/cm (range : 17.46-4232). There was a significant difference in healing index between achondroplasia patients (28.79 days/cm) compared to others (33.41 days/cm). Minor problems included pin tract infection (14 segments). More important obstacles were temporary elbow flexion contracture (7 segments), premature consolidation (6 segments), radial nerve dysaesthesia (6 segments) and loosening of a Schanz screw (1 segment). Complications included one fracture and one progressive bowing after frame removal. One planned lengthening was not completely achieved. Despite a lot of obstacles, humeral lengthening using an Ilizarov frame provided a reliable method to treat the functional or cosmetic problems of upper limb shortening. PMID:24563967

Ruette, Peter; Lammens, Johan

2013-12-01

219

Thoracoscopic Lobectomy Is a Safe and Versatile Procedure  

PubMed Central

Objective: Advantages of thoracoscopic lobectomy for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as compared with lobectomy by conventional thoracotomy, include less postoperative pain and shorter length of hospitalization. The outcomes after thoracoscopic lobectomy in patients with more complex pulmonary conditions are analyzed to determine safety, efficacy, and versatility. Methods: A prospective database of 500 consecutive patients who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy between June 1999 and January 2006 was queried. Demographic, histopathologic, perioperative, and outcome variables were assessed using standard descriptive statistics and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses. Results: Thoracoscopic lobectomy was successfully performed in 492 patients (conversion rate, 1.6%). Pathologic analysis included primary NSCLC in 416 patients (83.2%), centrally located secondary pulmonary malignancy in 37 patients (7.4%), and a variety of benign conditions in 45 patients (9%). Among the 416 patients with NSCLC, pathologic analysis demonstrated stage I in 330 patients (55.3%), stage II in 40 patients (9.6%), and stage III or greater NSCLC in 44 patients (10.6%). The operative and perioperative (30-day) mortality was 0% and 1%, respectively. The overall 2-year survival rate for the entire cohort was 80%, and the 2-year overall survival rates for stage I NSCLC, stage II or greater NSCLC, secondary pulmonary malignancy, and granulomatous disease patients were 85%, 77%, 73%, and 89%, respectively. Conclusions: Thoracoscopic lobectomy is applicable to a spectrum of malignant and benign pulmonary disease and is associated with a low perioperative morbidity and mortality rate. Survival rates are comparable to those for lobectomy with thoracotomy. PMID:16926568

Onaitis, Mark W.; Petersen, Rebecca P.; Balderson, Stafford S.; Toloza, Eric; Burfeind, William R.; Harpole, David H.; D'Amico, Thomas A.

2006-01-01

220

Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development  

E-print Network

Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development Rahul Gokhale-monsoon Groundwater(GW) levels are important for the periodic categorisation of regions in India according to their GW-safety. A specific procedure has been recommended by the Groundwater Estimation Committee, 1997(GEC'97), constituted

Sohoni, Milind

221

Inexpensive and Safe DNA Gel Electrophoresis Using Household Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gel electrophoresis is the single most important molecular biology technique and it is central to life sciences research, but it is often too expensive for the secondary science classroom or homeschoolers. A simple safe low-cost procedure is described here that uses household materials to construct and run DNA gel electrophoresis. Plastic

Ens, S.; Olson, A. B.; Dudley, C.; Ross, N. D., III; Siddiqi, A. A.; Umoh, K. M.; Schneegurt, M. A.

2012-01-01

222

How safe is metabolic/diabetes surgery?  

PubMed

Although recent studies have shown the impressive antidiabetic effects of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), the safety profile of metabolic/diabetes surgery has been a matter of concern among patients and physicians. Data on patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent LRYGB or one of seven other procedures between January 2007 and December 2012 were retrieved from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database and compared. Of the 66?678 patients included, 16?509 underwent LRYGB. The composite complication rate of 3.4% after LRYGB was similar to those of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and hysterectomy. The mortality rate for LRYGB (0.3%) was similar to that of knee arthroplasty. Patients who underwent LRYGB had significantly better short-term outcomes in all examined variables than patients who underwent coronary bypass, infra-inguinal revascularization and laparoscopic colectomy. In conclusion, LRYGB can be considered a safe procedure in people with diabetes, with similar short-term morbidity to that of common procedures such as cholecystectomy and appendectomy and a mortality rate similar to that of knee arthroplasty. The mortality risk for LRYGB is one-tenth that of cardiovascular surgery and earlier intervention with metabolic surgery to treat diabetes may eliminate the need for some later higher-risk procedures to treat diabetes complications. PMID:25352176

Aminian, A; Brethauer, S A; Kirwan, J P; Kashyap, S R; Burguera, B; Schauer, P R

2015-02-01

223

Use Your Space Heater Safely  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Use Your Space Heater Safely Misuse leads to emergency treatment for ... of cold weather means many people are using space heaters to help keep their homes warm. The ...

224

NASA trend analysis procedures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This publication is primarily intended for use by NASA personnel engaged in managing or implementing trend analysis programs. 'Trend analysis' refers to the observation of current activity in the context of the past in order to infer the expected level of future activity. NASA trend analysis was divided into 5 categories: problem, performance, supportability, programmatic, and reliability. Problem trend analysis uncovers multiple occurrences of historical hardware or software problems or failures in order to focus future corrective action. Performance trend analysis observes changing levels of real-time or historical flight vehicle performance parameters such as temperatures, pressures, and flow rates as compared to specification or 'safe' limits. Supportability trend analysis assesses the adequacy of the spaceflight logistics system; example indicators are repair-turn-around time and parts stockage levels. Programmatic trend analysis uses quantitative indicators to evaluate the 'health' of NASA programs of all types. Finally, reliability trend analysis attempts to evaluate the growth of system reliability based on a decreasing rate of occurrence of hardware problems over time. Procedures for conducting all five types of trend analysis are provided in this publication, prepared through the joint efforts of the NASA Trend Analysis Working Group.

1993-01-01

225

Laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure.  

PubMed

Reestablishing continuity after a Hartmann's procedure is considered a major surgical procedure with high morbidity/mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the short-/long-term outcome of laparoscopic restoration of bowel continuity after HP. A prospectively collected database of colorectal laparoscopic procedures (>800) performed between June 2005 and June 2013 was used to identify 20 consecutive patients who had undergone laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure (LHR). Median age was 65.4. Ten patients (50 %) had undergone surgery for perforated diverticulitis, 3 (15 %) for cancer, and 7 (35 %) for other reasons (volvulus, posttraumatic perforation, and sigmoid perforation from foreign body). Previous HP had been performed laparoscopically in only 3 patients. Median operative time was 162.5 min. All the procedures were completed laparoscopically. Intraoperative complication rate was nil. Post-operative mortality and morbidity were respectively 0 and 10 % (1 pneumonia, 1 bowel obstruction from post-anastomotic stenosis which required resection and redo of the anastomosis). Median time to first flatus was 3 days, to normal diet 5 days. Median hospital stay was 9 days without readmissions. We followed up the patients for a median of 44 months: when asked, all 20 (100 %) said they would undergo the operation (LHR) again; 3 (15 %) had been re-operated of laparoscopic mesh repair for incisional hernia. When performed by experienced surgeons, LHR is a feasible, safe, reproducible operation, which allows early return of bowel function, early discharge and fast return to work for the patient. It has a low morbidity rate. PMID:25262377

Fiscon, Valentino; Portale, Giuseppe; Mazzeo, Antonio; Migliorini, Giovanni; Frigo, Flavio

2014-12-01

226

Safe genetically engineered plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of genetic engineering to plants has provided genetically modified plants (GMPs, or transgenic plants) that are cultivated worldwide on increasing areas. The most widespread GMPs are herbicide-resistant soybean and canola and insect-resistant corn and cotton. New GMPs that produce vaccines, pharmaceutical or industrial proteins, and fortified food are approaching the market. The techniques employed to introduce foreign genes into plants allow a quite good degree of predictability of the results, and their genome is minimally modified. However, some aspects of GMPs have raised concern: (a) control of the insertion site of the introduced DNA sequences into the plant genome and of its mutagenic effect; (b) presence of selectable marker genes conferring resistance to an antibiotic or an herbicide, linked to the useful gene; (c) insertion of undesired bacterial plasmid sequences; and (d) gene flow from transgenic plants to non-transgenic crops or wild plants. In response to public concerns, genetic engineering techniques are continuously being improved. Techniques to direct foreign gene integration into chosen genomic sites, to avoid the use of selectable genes or to remove them from the cultivated plants, to reduce the transfer of undesired bacterial sequences, and make use of alternative, safer selectable genes, are all fields of active research. In our laboratory, some of these new techniques are applied to alfalfa, an important forage plant. These emerging methods for plant genetic engineering are briefly reviewed in this work.

Rosellini, D.; Veronesi, F.

2007-10-01

227

Financial Procedures for Faculty or Staff-led Education Abroad Programs It is the goal of the Office of International Programs (OIP) -Educational Abroad (EA) to work as an academic  

E-print Network

Financial Procedures for Faculty or Staff-led Education Abroad Programs It is the goal of the Office of International Programs (OIP) - Educational Abroad (EA) to work as an academic support unit for CSU departments to facilitate the administration of education abroad programming. The EA unit can act

228

From Barrier Free to Safe Environments: The New Zealand Experience. Monograph #44.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intrinsically safe design is presented as a logical extension of the principles of barrier free design, and as a higher level design strategy for effecting widespread implementation of the basic accessibility requirements for people with disabilities. Two fundamental planning procedures are proposed: including principles of safe and accessible

Wrightson, William; Pope, Campbell

229

Flywheel Rotor Safe-Life Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since the 1960s, research has been conducted into the use of flywheels as energy storage systems. The-proposed applications include energy storage for hybrid and electric automobiles, attitude control and energy storage for satellites, and uninterruptible power supplies for hospitals and computer centers. For many years, however, the use of flywheels for space applications was restricted by the total weight of a system employing a metal rotor. With recent technological advances in the manufacturing of composite materials, however, lightweight composite rotors have begun to be proposed for such applications. Flywheels with composite rotors provide much higher power and energy storage capabilities than conventional chemical batteries. However, the failure of a high speed flywheel rotor could be a catastrophic event. For this reason, flywheel rotors are classified by the NASA Fracture Control Requirements Standard as fracture critical parts. Currently, there is no industry standard to certify a composite rotor for safe and reliable operation forth( required lifetime of the flywheel. Technical problems hindering the development of this standard include composite manufacturing inconsistencies, insufficient nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques for detecting defects and/or impact damage, lack of standard material test methods for characterizing composite rotor design allowables, and no unified proof (over-spin) test for flight rotors. As part of a flywheel rotor safe-life certification pro-ram funded b the government, a review of the state of the art in composite rotors is in progress. The goal of the review is to provide a clear picture of composite flywheel rotor technologies. The literature review has concentrated on the following topics concerning composites and composite rotors: durability (fatigue) and damage tolerance (safe-life) analysis/test methods, in-service NDE and health monitoring techniques, spin test methods/ procedures, and containment options. This report presents the papers selected for their relevance to this topic and summarizes them.

Ratner, J. K. H.; Chang, J. B.; Christopher, D. A.; McLallin, Kerry L. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

230

Building a safe care-providing robot.  

PubMed

A service robot especially a care-providing robot, works in the vicinity of a human body and is sometimes even in direct contact with it. Conventional safety methods and precautions in industrial robotics are not applicable to such robots. This paper presents a safety approach for designing the safe care-providing robot FRIEND. The approach is applied in each step of design iteratively to identify and assess the potential hazards during design. The steps are explained briefly in this work. The main contribution of this paper is verification of safety requirements using the Ramadge-Wonham (RW) framework. The greater complexity of the tasks the robot will perform, the more complex is the identification of safety requirements. Use of this framework led us to analyze the requirements and verify them formally, systematically and on a modular basis. In our approach human-robot interaction (HRI) is also modeled by a set of uncontrolled events that may happen any time during operation. Subsequently the safety requirements are modified to consider these interactions. As a result the safety module behaves like a controller, running in parallel with the system, which maintains the system safe and works according to the safety requirements by enabling the admissible sequences of events. PMID:22275681

Fotoohi, Leila; Grser, Axel

2011-01-01

231

Varying influences of motivation factors on employees' likelihood to perform safe food handling practices because of demographic differences.  

PubMed

Food safety training has been the primary avenue for ensuring food workers are performing proper food handling practices and thus, serving safe food. Yet, knowledge of safe food handling practices does not necessarily result in actual performance of these practices. This research identified participating food service employees' level of agreement with four factors of motivation (internal motivations, communication, reward-punishment, and resources) and determined if respondents with different demographic characteristics reported different motivating factors. Data were collected from 311 food service employees who did not have any supervisory responsibilities. Intrinsic motivation agreement scores were consistently the highest of all four motivational factors evaluated and did not differ across any of the demographic characteristics considered. In contrast, motivation agreement scores for communication, reward-punishment, and resources did differ based on respondents' gender, age, place of employment, job status, food service experience, completion of food handler course, or possession of a food safety certification. In general, respondents agreed that these motivation factors influenced their likelihood to perform various safe food handling procedures. This research begins to illustrate how employees' demographic characteristics influence their responses to various motivators, helping to clarify the complex situation of ensuring safe food in retail establishments. Future research into why employee willingness to perform varies more for extrinsic motivation than for intrinsic motivation could assist food service managers in structuring employee development programs and the work environment, in a manner that aids in improving external motivation (communication, reward-punishment, and resources) and capitalizing on internal motivation. PMID:21219719

Ellis, Jason D; Arendt, Susan W; Strohbehn, Catherine H; Meyer, Janell; Paez, Paola

2010-11-01

232

Can It Safely Clostridium botulinum  

E-print Network

at the boiling point of water. Pressure canners can be used to increase the temperature of food to 240°F which, and muscle weakness. Boiling Water Bath Canning: Boiling water bath canning is safe for preserving high the boiling point of liquid, therefore adjustments must be made to the process when canning food at altitudes

Liskiewicz, Maciej

233

Being Safe in the Kitchen  

MedlinePLUS

... and loose. Baggy sleeves or clothes could catch fire or get caught in mixer beaters or other equipment. Continue Keep Germs Out of Your Food A big part of safe cooking is keeping the chef and the kitchen clean. The idea is to keep germs , which ...

234

There Is No Safe Suntan  

MedlinePLUS

page 1 There Is No Safe Suntan! Your skin color is beautiful just as it is, any time of year! Tanned skin is not a ... you on cloudy days and during any season, no matter what the temperature is outside. They can ...

235

Staying Safe in Earthquake Country  

E-print Network

two of the largest earthquakes in the history of the State of California, including the famous event; some of the intervals between geologically recorded earthquakes are as short as 30 years, while othersStaying Safe in Earthquake Country David Bowman On July 29 of this year, Mother Nature sent Cal

de Lijser, Peter

236

Making Cyberspace Safe for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the 1998 Children's Online Privacy Act's supposed protections, most web sites still collect personal information and post no privacy statements. Internet-filtering software packages are described and suggestions given for creating a safe environment, dismantling "cookies," informing parents and teachers, and checking "history" submenus on

Pittman, Joyce; McLaughlin, Brian

2000-01-01

237

Safe Handling of Fresh Oranges  

E-print Network

covered in plastic wrap. Check stored oranges regularly. Throw out any fruit that shows signs of spoilage, such as mold and slime. Safe Handling of Fresh Oranges E-202 9/08 Amanda Scott* Also, keep your refrigerator clean and cold (40 degrees F...

Scott, Amanda

2008-09-05

238

99 Tips for Safe Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet highlights 99 tips for maintaining safe schools. Areas of interest include: alarm systems and control of access, vandalism, parent education, transportation, school design, personnel training, and graffiti. The majority of the pointers deal with maintaining and implementing various forms of electronic surveillance and strategies for

Kaufer, Steve

239

Radiation safety procedures for Atomics International Hot Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The radiation safety procedures for the safe operation of Atomics International Hot Laboratory are contained in this document. Specific operating procedures are included for normal operating and maintenance tasks.

H. E. Clow; W. F. Heine; W. R. McCurnin

1972-01-01

240

Exploring Safely: A Guide for Elementary Teachers (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Take the fear factor out of science lessons. This easy-to-digest book relieves many of the safety worries that come with teaching science in elementary school. The emphasis is on positive options for heading off potential hazards, from handling special equipment to conducting field studies. Chapters cover: - making safe work habits second nature to students - equipping your classroom for safety and conveniene, including organizational systems for preparation, setup, and cleanup - choosing and culturing live plants and animals for classroom study - working safely with electricity, chemicals, and volunteers A special added ingredient: model forms that can be adapted for your needs, including permission slips and student contracts. Best of all, a wealth of anecdotes about what works--and what doesn't--in real-life classrooms makes Exploring Safely enjoyable to read as well as to reference.

Juliana Texley

2009-06-09

241

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-print Network

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Ang Li Dept. of Computer Science Duke University the design and evaluation of SafeGuard, an intra-domain routing system that can safely forward packets to their destinations even when routes are changing. SafeGuard is based on the simple idea that packets carry

Wetherall, David

242

Safe Haven roadway is tested  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On a portion of the once-buried crawlerway that was recently restored, a crawler-transporter with mobile launcher platform on top turns toward the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) high bay 2. The road was restored as part of KSC's Safe Haven project. High bay 2 provides a third stacking area. The primary goal of the Safe Haven construction project was to strengthen readiness for hurricane season by expanding the VAB's storage capacity. The new area, in high bay 2, will allow NASA to preassemble stacks and still have room in the VAB to pull a Shuttle back from the pad if severe weather threatens. Potential rollouts of the Space Shuttle to the launch pad from high bay 2 will involve making a turn around the north side of the VAB in contrast to the straight rollouts from high bays 1 and 3, on the east side of the VAB facing the launch pads.

2000-01-01

243

Safe Haven roadway is tested  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A crawler-transporter with mobile launcher platform on top tests the buried portion of the Apollo-era crawlerway leading to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) high bay 2 on the southwest side. The road was restored as part of KSC's Safe Haven project. High bay 2 provides a third stacking area. The primary goal of the Safe Haven construction project was to strengthen readiness for hurricane season by expanding the VAB's storage capacity. The new area, in high bay 2, will allow NASA to preassemble stacks and still have room in the VAB to pull a Shuttle back from the pad if severe weather threatens. Potential rollouts of the Space Shuttle to the launch pad from high bay 2 will involve making a turn around the north side of the VAB in contrast to the straight rollouts from high bays 1 and 3, on the east side of the VAB facing the launch pads.

2000-01-01

244

Safe Haven roadway is tested  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A crawler-transporter with mobile launcher platform on top makes its way from the Orbiter Processing Facility along the once- buried portion of the Apollo-era crawlerway leading to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) high bay. The road was restored as part of KSC's Safe Haven project. High bay 2 provides a third stacking area.. The primary goal of the Safe Haven construction project was to strengthen readiness for hurricane season by expanding the VAB's storage capacity. The new area, in high bay 2, will allow NASA to preassemble stacks and still have room in the VAB to pull a Shuttle back from the pad if severe weather threatens. Potential rollouts of the Space Shuttle to the launch pad from high bay 2 will involve making a turn around the north side of the VAB in contrast to the straight rollouts from high bays 1 and 3, on the east side of the VAB facing the launch pads.

2000-01-01

245

Safe Haven roadway is tested  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A crawler-transporter with mobile launcher platform on top moves along a portion of the once-buried crawlerway toward the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB). The road was restored as part of KSC's Safe Haven project. High bay 2 provides a third stacking area. The primary goal of the Safe Haven construction project was to strengthen readiness for hurricane season by expanding the VAB's storage capacity. The new area, in high bay 2, will allow NASA to preassemble stacks and still have room in the VAB to pull a Shuttle back from the pad if severe weather threatens. Potential rollouts of the Space Shuttle to the launch pad from high bay 2 will involve making a turn around the north side of the VAB in contrast to the straight rollouts from high bays 1 and 3, on the east side of the VAB facing the launch pads.

2000-01-01

246

Training Johnny to Authenticate (Safely)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present the results of a long-term user study of site-based login mechanisms that train users to log in safely. Interactive site-identifying images received 70 percent detection rates, which is significantly better than the 20 percent received by the typical login ceremony. They also found that combining login bookmarks with interactive images and nonworking buttons or links (called negative

Amir Herzberg; Ronen Margulies

2012-01-01

247

Safe Constraint Queries Michael Benedikt  

E-print Network

Safe Constraint Queries Michael Benedikt Bell Laboratories 1000 E Warrenville Rd Naperville, IL relational queries are. For example, if the underlying structure is the eld of real numbers hR;+; ;0;1;;y) 9z:R(x;z) ^R(z;y)^x2 +y2 = z de nes a subset of the self-join with the condition that in joinable

Libkin, Leonid

248

Safe Minimum Internal Temperature Chart  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Chart / Safe Minimum Internal Temperature Chart Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

249

Organizing delivery care: what works for safe motherhood?  

PubMed Central

The various means of delivering essential obstetric services are described for settings in which the maternal mortality ratio is relatively low. This review yields four basic models of care, which are best described by organizational characteristics relating to where women give birth and who performs deliveries. In Model 1, deliveries are conducted at home by a community member who has received brief training. In Model 2, delivery takes place at home but is performed by a professional. In Model 3, delivery is performed by a professional in a basic essential obstetric care facility, and in Model 4 all women give birth in a comprehensive essential obstetric care facility with the help of professionals. In each of these models it is assumed that providers do not increase the risk to women, either iatrogenically or through traditional practices. Although there have been some successes with Model 1, there is no evidence that it can provide a maternal mortality ratio under 100 per 100,000 live births. If strong referral mechanisms are in place the introduction of a professional attendant can lead to a marked reduction in the maternal mortality ratio. Countries using Models 2-4, involving the use of professional attendants at delivery, have reduced maternal mortality ratios to 50 or less per 100,000. However, Model 4, although arguably the most advanced, does not necessarily reduce the maternal mortality ratio to less than 100 per 100,000. It appears that not all countries are ready to adopt Model 4, and its affordability by many developing countries is doubtful. There are few data making it possible to determine which configuration with professional attendance is the most cost-effective, and what the constraints are with respect to training, skill maintenance, supervision, regulation, acceptability to women, and other criteria. A successful transition to Models 2-4 requires strong links with the community through either traditional providers or popular demand. PMID:10361757

Koblinsky, M. A.; Campbell, O.; Heichelheim, J.

1999-01-01

250

Creating a Safe Zone: LGBTQ Work in NCTE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading through her files, the author takes a journey back in time to 1991 when a few lesbians and gay men met in a conference room at the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) Annual Convention in Seattle to discuss issues relating to their lives and their teaching. It was at this meeting that NCTE first discussed forming a new group

Henkin, Roxanne

2011-01-01

251

MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and  

E-print Network

's population (many of them in Africa) lack sanitation services (see Figure 1), while one billion people lack of drinking water and sanitation facilities, and deaths attributable to diarrhoeal diseases 10 5 20 25 15 0% 10% 20% Percentage not having access to improved drinking water sanitation 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% South

252

DEPARTMENT OF GEOSCIENCE SAFE WORK INSTRUCTION FOR USING QUATERNARY O  

E-print Network

properly fitted half mask respirator with the appropriate volatile organic vapour cartridges. The record of having taken the respirator fit class will become part of the employee's training record. The doors

Habib, Ayman

253

24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...4). (c) Specialized cleaning. After hazard reduction...worksite shall be cleaned using cleaning methods, products, and devices that are successful in cleaning up dust-lead hazards...surface area. Examples include window sills, baseboards, and...

2012-04-01

254

24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...4). (c) Specialized cleaning. After hazard reduction...worksite shall be cleaned using cleaning methods, products, and devices that are successful in cleaning up dust-lead hazards...surface area. Examples include window sills, baseboards, and...

2013-04-01

255

24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...4). (c) Specialized cleaning. After hazard reduction...worksite shall be cleaned using cleaning methods, products, and devices that are successful in cleaning up dust-lead hazards...surface area. Examples include window sills, baseboards, and...

2011-04-01

256

24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.  

...4). (c) Specialized cleaning. After hazard reduction...worksite shall be cleaned using cleaning methods, products, and devices that are successful in cleaning up dust-lead hazards...surface area. Examples include window sills, baseboards, and...

2014-04-01

257

24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...4). (c) Specialized cleaning. After hazard reduction...worksite shall be cleaned using cleaning methods, products, and devices that are successful in cleaning up dust-lead hazards...surface area. Examples include window sills, baseboards, and...

2010-04-01

258

Is pancreaticoduodenectomy with mesentericoportal venous resection safe and worthwhile?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Whether or not superior mesentericoportal venous resection (SM-PVR) associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is safe and worthwhile has not been fully confirmed. The aim of the present study was to investigate results of this surgical procedure performed for pancreatic head and periampullary neoplasms.Methods: As a first analysis, postoperative morbidity and mortality after PD with (n = 31) or without SM-PVR

Philippe Bachellier; Hiroshi Nakano; Jean-Christophe Weber; Karim Boudjema; Daniel Jaeck

2001-01-01

259

Evaluation of Revised Computer-Based Procedure System Prototype  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear power industry is very procedure driven, i.e. almost all activities that take place at a nuclear power plant are conducted by following procedures. The paper-based procedures (PBPs) currently used by the industry do a good job at keeping the industry safe. However, these procedures are most often paired with methods and tools put in place to anticipate, prevent, and catch errors related to hands-on work. These tools are commonly called human performance tools. The drawback with the current implementation of these tools is that the task of performing one procedure becomes time and labor intensive. For example, concurrent and independent verification of procedure steps are required at times, which essentially means that at least two people have to be actively involved in the task. Even though the current use of PBPs and human performance tools are keeping the industry safe, there is room for improvement. The industry could potentially increase their efficiency and safety by replacing their existing PBPs with CBPs. If implemented correctly, the CBP system could reduce the time and focus spent on using the human performance tools. Some of the tools can be completely incorporated in the CBP system in a manner that the performer does not think about the fact that these tools are being used. Examples of these tools are procedure use and adherence, placekeeping, and peer checks. Other tools can be partly integrated in a fashion that reduce the time and labor they require, such as concurrent and independent verification. The incorporation of advanced technology, such as CBP systems, may help to manage the effects of aging systems, structures, and components. The introduction of advanced technology may also make the existing LWR fleet more attractive to the future workforce, which will be of importance when the future workforce will chose between existing fleet and the newly built nuclear power plants.

Katya Le Blanc; Johanna Oxstrand; Cheradan Fikstad

2013-01-01

260

Using synthetic data safely in classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When is it safe to use synthetic training data in supervised classification? Trainable classifier technologies require large representative training sets consisting of samples labeled with their true class. Acquiring such training sets is difficult and costly. One way to alleviate this problem is to enlarge training sets by generating artificial, synthetic samples. Of course this immediately raises many questions, perhaps the first being "Why should we trust artificially generated data to be an accurate representative of the real distributions?" Other questions include "When will training on synthetic data work as well as - or better than training on real data ?". We distinguish between sample space (the set of real samples), parameter space (all samples that can be generated synthetically), and finally, feature space (the set of samples in terms of finite numerical values). In this paper, we discuss a series of experiments, in which we produced synthetic data in parameter space, that is, by convex interpolation among the generating parameters for samples and showed we could amplify real data to produce a classifier that is as accurate as a classifier trained on real data. Specifically, we have explored the feasibility of varying the generating parameters for Knuth's Metafont system to see if previously unseen fonts could also be recognized. We also varied parameters for an image quality model. We have found that training on interpolated data is for the most part safe, that is to say never produced more errors. Furthermore, the classifier trained on interpolated data often improved class accuracy.

Nonnemaker, Jean; Baird, Henry S.

2009-01-01

261

Simple & Safe Genomic DNA Isolation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A procedure for purifying DNA using either bacteria or rat liver is presented. Directions for doing a qualitative DNA assay using diphenylamine and a quantitative DNA assay using spectroscopy are included. (KR)

Moss, Robert; Solomon, Sondra

1991-01-01

262

How safe are nuclear plants. How safe should they be  

SciTech Connect

It has become customary to think about safety of nuclear plants in terms of risk as defined by the WASH-1400 study that some of the implications for the non-specialist escape our attention. Yet it is known that a rational program to understand safety, to identify unsafe events, and to use this kind of information or analysis to improve safety, requires us to use the methods of quantitative risk assessment. How this process can be made more understandable to a broader group of nontechnical people and how can a wider acceptance of the results of the process be developed have been questions under study and are addressed in this report. These are questions that have been struggled with for some time in the world of nuclear plant safety. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission examined them for several years as it moved toward developing a position on safety goals for nuclear plants, a requirement that had been assigned it by Congress. Opinion was sought from a broad spectrum of individuals, within the field of nuclear power and outside it, on the topic that was popularly called, ''How safe is safe enough.'' Views were solicited on the answer to the question and also on the way the answer should be framed when it was adopted. This report discusses the public policy and its implementation.

Kouts, H.

1988-01-01

263

Keep Dogs and Cats Safe During Winter  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Keep Dogs and Cats Safe During Winter Veterinarian offers tips for helping ... News) -- Winter can be tough on dogs and cats, but there are a number of safe and ...

264

Child Care Provider's Guide to Safe Sleep  

MedlinePLUS

... Guide to Safe Sleep Family Life Listen A Child Care Provider's Guide to Safe Sleep Article Body Did ... Caused By: Immunizations Vomiting or choking What can child care providers do? Follow these guidelines to help protect ...

265

Safe Storage Gun Laws: Accidental Deaths, Suicides and Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is frequently assumed that safe storage gun laws reduce accidental gun deaths and total suicides, while the possible impact on crime rates are ignored. However, given existing work on the adverse impact of other safety laws, such as safety caps for storing medicine, even the very plausible assumption of reduced accidental gun deaths cannot be taken for granted. Our

John E. Whitley

2001-01-01

266

Safe Storage Gun Laws: Accidental Deaths, Suicides, and Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is frequently assumed that safe storage gun laws reduce accidental gun deaths and total suicides, while the possible impact on crime rates are ignored. However, given existing work on the adverse impact of other safety laws, such as safety caps for storing medicine, even the very plausible assumption of reduced accidental gun deaths cannot be taken for granted. Our

John E. Whitley

2000-01-01

267

Making Your School a Safe Place for Learning!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides advice to school leaders in working with the school community to design, develop, and implement plans for a safe and secure learning environment. Argues the process requires communication with students, staff, parents, community, and the school district. Focuses on analyzing potential threats, incidence management, and incident reporting.

Flanary, Richard A.

1997-01-01

268

Preplanning to Close Out the School Year Safely  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on how to prepare and plan for a safe and secure environment for students and staff at the end of a school year or during the summer months. Every individual who works in a school approaches the month of May and the subsequent end-of-school-year tasks with mixed feelings of stress and relief. Although preparations for ensuring

Brunner, Judy; Lewis, Dennis

2005-01-01

269

Architecture of a Safe Node for a Fieldbus System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fieldbus systems are more and more responsible for functions affecting people's health. Therefore they are supposed to work safely, i.e. the fieldbus system must be free from unacceptable risk. Thus different measures specified in the international standard IEC 61508 have to be taken to reduce the risk, for example, a redundant hardware structure, add-ons to the protocol, integration of online

T. Novak; T. Tamandl

2007-01-01

270

Balloon Types for Safe Parallelisation over Arbitrary Object Graphs  

E-print Network

Balloon Types for Safe Parallelisation over Arbitrary Object Graphs Marco Servetto, David J. Pearce of this kind (e.g. ownership types, regions, balloons, etc). In this paper, we build on the work of Almeida who developed balloons as a mechanism for providing strong encapsulation. Our approach is closely related

Pearce, David J.

271

Exercising for Two. What's Safe for the Active Pregnant Woman?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical experience and recent research challenge the current standards of exercise duration and intensity for pregnant women. By carefully assessing patients' self-monitoring techniques, physicians can work with active women to create safe exercise programs during pregnancy. Safety guidelines for developing home exercise programs are included.

White, Jacqueline

1992-01-01

272

Abstract--In this work is proposed the design of a system to create and handle Electric Vehicles (EV) charging procedures,  

E-print Network

Abstract--In this work is proposed the design of a system to create and handle Electric Vehicles network limitation and absence of smart meter devices, Electric Vehicles charging should be performed application to assist the EV driver on these processes. This proposed Smart Electric Vehicle Charging System

da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

273

Making processing fail-safe  

SciTech Connect

The author describes the Stratus/32 multiprocessor, a fault-tolerant system for commercial applications which supports on-line transaction processing, batch processing, word processing and interactive program development. It uses a combination of hardware and software that provides continuous processing of user programs during computer failure without checkpoint/restart programming at the user or system level. Central to the system's fail-safe operation are processing modules, each of which has redundant logic and communication paths, logic and CPU boards and main and disk memory. Twin components operate in parallel with each other; when one fails, its partner carries on.

Freiburghouse, R.

1982-05-01

274

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SAFE BOATING MANUAL  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SAFE BOATING MANUAL Date Adopted: May 1, 2002 Last Revision: March 1, 2012 #12;University of Maryland's Safe Boating Manual 1 Contents Authority............................................................................. 10 #12;University of Maryland's Safe Boating Manual 2 Authority The University of Maryland Department

Rubloff, Gary W.

275

General Advice on Safe Medication Use  

MedlinePLUS

... answers--it's your life and your health! Unfortunately, medication errors happen. They happen in hospitals, in pharmacies, or ... your old medicines safely General Advice on Safe Medication Use Lessons to Be Learned from Past Errors Preventing Drug Errors in Children Safe Medicine: ISMP ...

276

Network Rail: Everyone home safe every day  

E-print Network

/ Network Rail: Everyone home safe every day Network Rail: Everyone home safe every day 6-Aug-14 1, 2010 Network Rail: Everyone home safe every day Network Rail's review: Fragmented risk management largest risk to non rail travelling public Level crossings not perceived as high risk locations for road

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

277

Development of safe infrared gas lasers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Infrared gas lasers find application in numerous civil and military areas. Such lasers are therefore being developed at different institutions around the world. However, the development of chemical infrared gas lasers such as chemical oxygen iodine lasers (COIL) involves the use of several hazardous chemicals. In order to exploit full potential of these lasers, one must take diligent care of the safety issues associated with the handling of these chemicals and the involved processes. The present paper discusses the safety aspects to be taken into account in the development of these infrared gas lasers including various detection sensors working in conjunction with a customized data acquisition system loaded with safety interlocks for safe operation. The developed safety schemes may also be implemented for CO2 gas dynamic laser (GDL) and hydrogen fluoride-deuterium fluoride (HF-DF) Laser.

Mainuddin; Singhal, Gaurav; Tyagi, R. K.; Maini, A. K.

2013-04-01

278

Safe new reactor for radionuclide production  

SciTech Connect

In late 1995, DOE is schedule to announce a new tritium production unit. Near the end of the last NPR (New Production Reactors) program, work was directed towards eliminating risks in current designs and reducing effects of accidents. In the Heavy Water Reactor Program at Savannah River, the coolant was changed from heavy to light water. An alternative, passively safe concept uses a heavy-water-filled, zircaloy reactor calandria near the bottom of a swimming pool; the calandria is supported on a light-water-coolant inlet plenum and has upflow through assemblies in the calandria tubes. The reactor concept eliminates or reduces significantly most design basis and severe accidents that plague other deigns. The proven, current SRS tritium cycle remains intact; production within the US of medical isotopes such as Mo-99 would also be possible.

Gray, P.L.

1995-02-15

279

Play It Safe: Creating a Safe Environment for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes the materials, objectives, and procedures of a parent workshop on home and toy safety. The workshop was designed to encourage parents to use common sense, apply what they already know about safety, be prepared to handle emergency situations effectvely, and be alert to the potential dangers of toys. Contained in the booklet

Glick, Steven; Rudolph, Brenda

280

SafeDrive: Safe and Recoverable Extensions Using Language-Based Techniques  

E-print Network

for detecting and re- covering from type safety violations in software exten- sions. SafeDrive has low overheadSafeDrive: Safe and Recoverable Extensions Using Language-Based Techniques Feng Zhou, Jeremy Condit University of California, Berkeley {matth,necula,brewer}@cs.berkeley.edu We present SafeDrive, a system

Sirer, Emin Gun

281

Reactive, Safe Navigation for Lunar and Planetary Robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When humans return to the moon, Astronauts will be accompanied by robotic helpers. Enabling robots to safely operate near astronauts on the lunar surface has the potential to significantly improve the efficiency of crew surface operations. Safely operating robots in close proximity to astronauts on the lunar surface requires reactive obstacle avoidance capabilities not available on existing planetary robots. In this paper we present work on safe, reactive navigation using a stereo based high-speed terrain analysis and obstacle avoidance system. Advances in the design of the algorithms allow it to run terrain analysis and obstacle avoidance algorithms at full frame rate (30Hz) on off the shelf hardware. The results of this analysis are fed into a fast, reactive path selection module, enforcing the safety of the chosen actions. The key components of the system are discussed and test results are presented.

Utz, Hans; Ruland, Thomas

2008-01-01

282

Scope on Safety: Debugging safely  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The hazards of pests in the classroom are numerous. Mice can contaminate food and supplies and trigger asthma attacks, cockroaches can cause allergic reactions and aggravate asthma, flies can spread disease, bee and yellow jacket stings can be life threatening, and spiders and ant bites can cause pain and even death. As teachers, we want to provide a safe classroom for our students, but we are also concerned about the indiscriminant use of hazardous pesticides in schools and on school grounds. Numerous studies have shown the dangers of exposure to these chemicals, especially for children. This is a real issue and one that finally is being addressed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and many state legislators.

Ken Roy

2007-12-01

283

Safe motherhood: the FIGO initiative.  

PubMed

Over the last twenty years the international community-realizing that the tragedy of women dying during pregnancy and in childbirth could no longer be tolerated-launched a series of initiatives aimed at making safe motherhood a cornerstone of health services in all countries. Making pregnancy and delivery safe events is particularly complex, as it involves infrastructural and logistic, as well as technical, issues. Women die because they have no access to skilled personnel during pregnancy and at the time of delivery and because--if an emergency situation arises--they cannot reach a facility where emergency obstetric services are available. FIGO, the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology-as the only global organization representing the Obstetricians of the world-decided some time ago that it could not limit its activities to proposing technical guidelines and debating scientific issues. It had to move into the field and, through its affiliated societies, help change the ability of the multitude of women in the developing world to obtain skilled attendance at birth. In 1997, plans were made to launch activities in five areas where maternal mortality was particularly high: Central America (Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador), Ethiopia, Mozambique, Pakistan, and Uganda. Five member societies from the developed world (the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada, the Italian Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of the United Kingdom; and the Swedish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology) agreed to provide support to their counterparts in these five selected areas. The project is now in its final stage. Results are, by and large, positive, demonstrating that, by motivating health professionals in the field and for a relatively modest financial outlay, more efficient use of existing services could be made in a sustainable fashion to save lives. PMID:14499973

Benagiano, G; Thomas, B

2003-09-01

284

Protecting Your Eyes at Work  

MedlinePLUS

... guards, screened or divided work stations, and other engineering controls, using the correct protective eyewear can help keep you safe from any type of eye hazard. [back to top] Can contact lenses be worn safely for industrial jobs? While contact lenses cannot provide significant protection ...

285

Evaluating a Safe Space Training for School Counselors and Trainees Using a Randomized Control Group Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School counselors need to advocate and act as an ally for all students. Safe Space, a training designed to facilitate competency for working with and serving LGBTQ youth (i.e., LGBTQ competency), has received increased attention in the field of school counseling. However, limited empirical support exists for training interventions such as Safe

Byrd, Rebekah; Hays, Danica G.

2014-01-01

286

CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR Members of the USF community are asked to help make the campus safe by avoiding risks,  

E-print Network

CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR Members of the USF community are asked to help make the campus safe by avoiding on a year round basis. Observe the following procedures if you are exposed to violent or criminal behavior

Meyers, Steven D.

287

SafeLine: reporting illegal internet content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present the operational framework of SafeLine (www.safeline.gr), the Greek Internet Hotline. SafeLine's mission is to eliminate illegal internet content with emphasis on images of child sexual abuse and to combat against users who encroach on children's rights through illegal internet activities like grooming or cyberbullying. Design\\/methodology\\/approach SafeLine serves as a

Meltini Christodoulaki; Paraskevi Fragopoulou

2010-01-01

288

SAFE Testing Nuclear Rockets Economically  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several studies over the past few decades have recognized the need for advanced propulsion to explore the solar system. As early as the 1960s, Werner Von Braun and others recognized the need for a nuclear rocket for sending humans to Mars. The great distances, the intense radiation levels, and the physiological response to zero-gravity all supported the concept of using a nuclear rocket to decrease mission time. These same needs have been recognized in later studies, especially in the Space Exploration Initiative in 1989. One of the key questions that has arisen in later studies, however, is the ability to test a nuclear rocket engine in the current societal environment. Unlike the Rover/NERVA programs in the 1960s, the rocket exhaust can no longer be vented to the open atmosphere. As a consequence, previous studies have examined the feasibility of building a large-scale version of the Nuclear Furnace Scrubber that was demonstrated in 1971. We have investigated an alternative that would deposit the rocket exhaust along with any entrained fission products directly into the ground. The Subsurface Active Filtering of Exhaust, or SAFE, concept would allow variable sized engines to be tested for long times at a modest expense. A system overview, results of preliminary calculations, and cost estimates of proof of concept demonstrations are presented. The results indicate that a nuclear rocket could be tested at the Nevada Test Site for under $20 M.

Howe, Steven D.; Travis, Bryan; Zerkle, David K.

2003-01-01

289

Safe testing nuclear rockets economically  

SciTech Connect

Several studies over the past few decades have recognized the need for advanced propulsion to explore the solar system. As early as the 1960s, Werner Von Braun and others recognized the need for a nuclear rocket for sending humans to Mars. The great distances, the intense radiation levels, and the physiological response to zero-gravity all supported the concept of using a nuclear rocket to decrease mission time. These same needs have been recognized in later studies, especially in the Space Exploration Initiative in 1989. One of the key questions that has arisen in later studies, however, is the ability to test a nuclear rocket engine in the current societal environment. Unlike the RoverMERVA programs in the 1960s, the rocket exhaust can no longer be vented to the open atmosphere. As a consequence, previous studies have examined the feasibility of building a large-scale version of the Nuclear Furnace Scrubber that was demonstrated in 1971. We have investigated an alternative that would deposit the rocket exhaust along with any entrained fission products directly into the ground. The Subsurface Active Filtering of Exhaust, or SAFE, concept would allow variable sized engines to be tested for long times at a modest expense. A system overview, results of preliminary calculations, and cost estimates of proof of concept demonstrations are presented. The results indicate that a nuclear rocket could be tested at the Nevada Test Site for under $20 M.

Howe, S. D. (Steven D.); Travis, B. J. (Bryan J.); Zerkle, D. K. (David K.)

2002-01-01

290

Embracing Safe Ground Test Facility Operations and Maintenance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Conducting integrated operations and maintenance in wind tunnel ground test facilities requires a balance of meeting due dates, efficient operation, responsiveness to the test customer, data quality, effective maintenance (relating to readiness and reliability), and personnel and facility safety. Safety is non-negotiable, so the balance must be an "and" with other requirements and needs. Pressure to deliver services faster at increasing levels of quality in under-maintained facilities is typical. A challenge for management is to balance the "need for speed" with safety and quality. It s especially important to communicate this balance across the organization - workers, with a desire to perform, can be tempted to cut corners on defined processes to increase speed. Having a lean staff can extend the time required for pre-test preparations, so providing a safe work environment for facility personnel and providing good stewardship for expensive National capabilities can be put at risk by one well-intending person using at-risk behavior. This paper documents a specific, though typical, operational environment and cites management and worker safety initiatives and tools used to provide a safe work environment. Results are presented and clearly show that the work environment is a relatively safe one, though still not good enough to keep from preventing injury. So, the journey to a zero injury work environment - both in measured reality and in the minds of each employee - continues. The intent of this paper is to provide a benchmark for others with operational environments and stimulate additional sharing and discussion on having and keeping a safe work environment.

Dunn, Steven C.; Green, Donald R.

2010-01-01

291

How safe is diagnostic ultrasonography?  

PubMed Central

Health care workers and patients alike are concerned about the safety of diagnostic ultrasonography in clinical practice. Evidence published to date on the immediate and possible long-term biologic effects of exposure to ultrasound in diagnostic procedures is reviewed in this paper. No harmful effect in the human fetus, child or adult following the diagnostic use of pulsed ultrasound has been reported. However, the question of long-term biologic effects cannot yet be answered. Continued vigilance and further research are required. PMID:6378349

Brown, B S

1984-01-01

292

SafeNet: A methodology for integrating general-purpose unsafe devices in safe-robot rehabilitation systems.  

PubMed

Robot-assisted neurorehabilitation often involves networked systems of sensors ("sensory rooms") and powerful devices in physical interaction with weak users. Safety is unquestionably a primary concern. Some lightweight robot platforms and devices designed on purpose include safety properties using redundant sensors or intrinsic safety design (e.g. compliance and backdrivability, limited exchange of energy). Nonetheless, the entire "sensory room" shall be required to be fail-safe and safely monitored as a system at large. Yet, sensor capabilities and control algorithms used in functional therapies require, in general, frequent updates or re-configurations, making a safety-grade release of such devices hardly sustainable in cost-effectiveness and development time. As such, promising integrated platforms for human-in-the-loop therapies could not find clinical application and manufacturing support because of lacking in the maintenance of global fail-safe properties. Under the general context of cross-machinery safety standards, the paper presents a methodology called SafeNet for helping in extending the safety rate of Human Robot Interaction (HRI) systems using unsafe components, including sensors and controllers. SafeNet considers, in fact, the robotic system as a device at large and applies the principles of functional safety (as in ISO 13489-1) through a set of architectural procedures and implementation rules. The enabled capability of monitoring a network of unsafe devices through redundant computational nodes, allows the usage of any custom sensors and algorithms, usually planned and assembled at therapy planning-time rather than at platform design-time. A case study is presented with an actual implementation of the proposed methodology. A specific architectural solution is applied to an example of robot-assisted upper-limb rehabilitation with online motion tracking. PMID:24750989

Vicentini, Federico; Pedrocchi, Nicola; Malosio, Matteo; Molinari Tosatti, Lorenzo

2014-09-01

293

Is the obturator artery safe when performing ischial osteotomy during periacetabular osteotomy?  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the actual distance between the obturator artery and the ischial osteotomy site when performing periacetabular osteotomy via an anterior approach and (2) to determine a safe method to avoid injuring the obturator artery during this procedure. Twenty-nine hemipelves from cadavers were used in this study. The mean distance between the obturator artery and the ischial osteotomy site was 35.6 7.5 mm and always exceeded 20 mm. Therefore, the procedure can be performed safely when a chisel blade of 20 mm or shorter is used. PMID:20556381

Kamada, Satoshi; Naito, Masatoshi; Shiramizu, Kei; Nakamura, Yoshinari; Kinoshita, Koichi

2011-04-01

294

Improved Quick Disconnect (QD) Interface Through Fail Safe Parts Identification  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An extensive review of existing Quick Disconnects (QDs) mating and demating operations was performed to determine which shuttle part interface identifications and procedures contribute to human factor errors. The research methods used consisted of interviews with engineers and technicians, examination of incident reports, critiques of video and audio tapes of QD operations, and attendance of a Hyper QD operational course. The data strongly suggests that there are inherit human factor errors involved in QD operations. To promote fail-safe operations, QD interface problem areas and recommendations were outlined and reviewed. It is suggested that dialogue, investigations and recommendations continue.

Blanch-Payne, Evelyn

2001-01-01

295

Safe Use of Pesticides, Guidelines. Occupational Safety and Health Series No. 38.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidance on the safe use of pesticides in agricultural work. General principles are given and followed by more detailed safety requirements for the various pesticide application techniques. Finally, the medical aspects of pesticides are considered. (BB)

International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

296

IFCC international conventional reference procedure for the measurement of free thyroxine in serum: International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Working Group for Standardization of Thyroid Function Tests (WG-STFT)(1).  

PubMed

The IFCC Working Group for Standardization of Thyroid Function Tests proposes a candidate international conventional reference procedure (RMP) for measurement of the amount-of-substance concentration of free thyroxine in plasma/serum at physiological pH 7.40 and temperature (37.0C). The unit for reporting measurement results is, by convention, pmol/L. The RMP is based on equilibrium dialysis isotope dilution-liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (ED-ID-LC/tandem MS). The rationale for proposing a conventional RMP is that, because of the physical separation step, it is unknown whether the measurement truly reflects the concentration of free thyroxine (FT4) in serum. Therefore, the ED part of the RMP has to strictly adhere to the following conditions: use of a dialysis buffer with a biochemical composition resembling the ionic environment of serum/plasma as closely as possible; buffering of the sample to a pH of 7.40 (at 37.0C) before dialysis, however, without additional dilution; dialysis in a device with a dialysand/dialysate compartment of identical volume and separated by a membrane of regenerated cellulose and adequate cut-off; thermostatic control of the temperature during dialysis at 37.0C0.50C. The convention does not apply to the ID-LC/tandem MS part, provided it is eligible to be nominated for review by the Joint Committee for Traceability in Laboratory Medicine. Here, we describe the ED procedure, inclusive its validation and transferability, in greater detail. We recommend a protocol for successful calibration, measurement and monitoring of the accuracy/trueness and precision of the candidate conventional RMP. For details on our ID-LC/tandem MS procedures, we refer to the Supplement. PMID:21675941

Van Houcke, Sofie K; Van Uytfanghe, Katleen; Shimizu, Eri; Tani, Wataru; Umemoto, Masao; Thienpont, Linda M

2011-08-01

297

Moving Your Laboratory Safely Guidance Document  

E-print Network

: For information about: 301-496-2346 Biological/chemical/physical hazards 301-496-3457 Biological safety cabinets Your Chemicals Safely 10 Moving Your Biological Materials Safely 14 Moving Your Radioactive of Occupational Health and Safety (DOHS), Division of Radiation Safety (DRS), and Division of Environmental

Baker, Chris I.

298

Tips for a Safe and Healthy Life  

MedlinePLUS

... Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Tips for a Safe and Healthy Life Take steps every day to live a safe and healthy life. Eat healthy. Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains every day. Limit foods and ...

299

For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

-related causes of infant death? There is no sure way to prevent SIDS, but parents and caregivers can takeSafe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Rau, Don C.

300

GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SERVING SAFE FOOD  

E-print Network

desserts. Safe Food Handling: · Wash your hands! This is the single most important thing you can doGENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SERVING SAFE FOOD Revised September, 2008 Use Common Sense · Understand your liability and responsibilities. · Use food from a licensed and approved source. · Never leave food

301

Safe Haven Laws as "Crime Control Theater"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article examines safe haven laws, which allow parents to legally abandon their infants. The main objective is to determine whether safe haven laws fit the criteria of "crime control theater", a term used to describe public policies that produce the appearance, but not the effect, of crime control, and as such are essentially

Hammond, Michelle; Miller, Monica K.; Griffin, Timothy

2010-01-01

302

Child Care Provider's Guide to Safe Sleep  

MedlinePLUS

... do? Follow these guidelines to help protect the infants in your care: Create a Safe Sleep Policy Create and use a written safe sleep ... every sleep. To reduce the risks of SIDS, infants should be placed for sleep in a supine position (completely on the back) ...

303

Evaluation of Computer-Based Procedure System Prototype  

SciTech Connect

This research effort is a part of the Light-Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, which is a research and development (R&D) program sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE), performed in close collaboration with industry R&D programs, to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS program serves to help the U.S. nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. The introduction of advanced technology in existing nuclear power plants may help to manage the effects of aging systems, structures, and components. In addition, the incorporation of advanced technology in the existing LWR fleet may entice the future workforce, who will be familiar with advanced technology, to work for these utilities rather than more newly built nuclear power plants. Advantages are being sought by developing and deploying technologies that will increase safety and efficiency. One significant opportunity for existing plants to increase efficiency is to phase out the paper-based procedures (PBPs) currently used at most nuclear power plants and replace them, where feasible, with computer-based procedures (CBPs). PBPs have ensured safe operation of plants for decades, but limitations in paper-based systems do not allow them to reach the full potential for procedures to prevent human errors. The environment in a nuclear power plant is constantly changing depending on current plant status and operating mode. PBPs, which are static by nature, are being applied to a constantly changing context. This constraint often results in PBPs that are written in a manner that is intended to cover many potential operating scenarios. Hence, the procedure layout forces the operator to search through a large amount of irrelevant information to locate the pieces of information relevant for the task and situation at hand, which has potential consequences of taking up valuable time when operators must be responding to the situation, and potentially leading operators down an incorrect response path. Other challenges related to PBPs are the management of multiple procedures, place-keeping, finding the correct procedure for the task at hand, and relying on other sources of additional information to ensure a functional and accurate understanding of the current plant status (Converse, 1995; Fink, Killian, Hanes, & Naser, 2009; Le Blanc & Oxstrand, 2012). The main focus of this report is to describe the research activities conducted to address the remaining two objectives; Develop a prototype CBP system based on requirements identified and Evaluate the CBP prototype. The emphasis will be on the evaluation of an initial CBP prototype in at a Nuclear Power Plant.

Johanna Oxstrand; Katya Le Blanc; Seth Hays

2012-09-01

304

40 CFR 610.64 - Track test procedures.  

...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...will be necessary to evaluate the fuel economy effects of a retrofit device on...required by the city and highway fuel economy tests may be safely achieved....

2014-07-01

305

40 CFR 610.64 - Track test procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...will be necessary to evaluate the fuel economy effects of a retrofit device on...required by the city and highway fuel economy tests may be safely achieved....

2013-07-01

306

40 CFR 610.64 - Track test procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...will be necessary to evaluate the fuel economy effects of a retrofit device on...required by the city and highway fuel economy tests may be safely achieved....

2012-07-01

307

Whipple Procedure  

MedlinePLUS

... Goggins Lab Sol Goldman Center Discussion Board The Whipple Procedure Also called a pancreaticoduodenectomy, which is generally ... operation was first described by .Dr. Alan O. Whipple of New York Memorial Hospital (now called Memorial ...

308

Safe Use of Hydrogen and Hydrogen Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a viewgraph presentation that is a course for teaching the safe use of hydrogen. The objectives of the course are 1. To familiarize the student with H2 safety properties 2. To enable the identification, evaluations and addressing of H2 system hazards 3. To teach: a. Safe practices for, b. Design, c. Materials selection, d. H2 system operation, e. Physical principles and empirical observations on which these safe practices are based, f. How to respond to emergency situations involving H2, g How to visualize safety concepts through in-class exercises, h. Identify numerous parameters important to H2 safety.

Maes, Miguel

2006-01-01

309

Rev. June 2012 Page 1 of 1 Checklist for Safe Use of Biological Safety  

E-print Network

Rev. June 2012 Page 1 of 1 Checklist for Safe Use of Biological Safety Cabinets Ensure. Do not discard material into containers outside of the biological cabinet. Post a copy of your lab this information is incorporated into your local biological standard operating procedures. Use as a checklist

Thompson, Michael

310

An Introduction to and Generalization of the "Fail-Safe N."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fail-safe N is typically a "what if" analysis applied to studies rather than to a single study. This statistical procedure provides information regarding the stability of a meta-analysis by demonstrating how many nil-null articles would be needed to change the statistically significant results to a statistically nonsignificant finding. The

Long, James

311

Safe trajectory planning of autonomous vehicles  

E-print Network

This thesis presents a novel framework for safe online trajectory planning of unmanned vehicles through partially unknown environments. The basic planning problem is formulated as a receding horizon optimization problem ...

Schouwenaars, Tom

2006-01-01

312

Going to and from School More Safely  

MedlinePLUS

... makes you feel sad, scared or confused. For more information about child safety, visit MissingKids.com Copyright ... forMissing & Exploited Children. Going To and From School More Safely Millions of kids ride a bike, take ...

313

Patient Safety: Guide to Safe Plastic Surgery  

MedlinePLUS

... Information > Patient Safety Guide to Safe Plastic Surgery Patient Safety More Resources... Choose a surgeon you can trust ... can trust Find Your Surgeon Find Your Surgeon Patient Safety Radio Message Plastic surgery involves many choices. The ...

314

Health Tip: Safely Thaw the Thanksgiving Turkey  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Health Tip: Safely Thaw the Thanksgiving Turkey One option is to thaw in the fridge (* ... want Thanksgiving guests to become sick from contaminated turkey, so make sure you thaw your holiday bird ...

315

Design Packing to Safely Mail Raw Spaghetti  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use their creative skills to determine a way to safely mail raw (dry, uncooked) spaghetti using only the provided materials. To test the packing designs, the spaghetti is mailed through the postal system and evaluated after delivery.

Center For Engineering Educational Outreach

316

Safe Storage of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables  

E-print Network

Proper storage of fresh fruits and vegetables can help consumers avoid foodborne illness. This publication explains how to safely store apples, bananas, berries, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, grapes, herbs, lettuce and greens, melons, nectarines...

Scott, Amanda

2008-09-05

317

Can Naturoptics for Safe Recovery of Vision Fund Brazilians' Educations?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Directors of Naturoptics for Safe Recovery of Vision, Inc., US Patent Office, April 8, 2008, trademark issued, grants ``The David Matthew Mc Leod Memorial Award,'' to individuals like Sylvia Flavia Ribeiro. Instructions at American locations enhance patenting, trade-marking, and propagation to individuals, and youth through parents. Naturoptics' earnings go by agreed percentages to named academic entities and awardees who sign non-disclosure agreements. These say the US Government trademarked the processes as safe, and that diagnostic or treatment techniques are not used, necessary, or allowed for Naturoptic Methods. These educationally explain how the inventor, Roger David Mc Leod, recovered his vision. Taught processes are released to awardees signing agreements this is an educational service, providing teaching services for clients. Non-disclosure agreements are required from clients. Work-study grants, ``The Kaan Balam Matagamon Memorial Award,'' in memory of DMM, may be awarded through the American Indians in Science and Engineering Society, AISES, and to other women and minorities.

Flvia Ribiero, Silvia; Carmem Ribeiro Duarte, Clia; Mc Leod, Roger David

2008-10-01

318

Sous vide processed foods: are they safe for the elderly?  

PubMed

Demographic trends and market analyses indicate that Americans' interest in convenience foods that are nutritious, safe, and high quality will influence the food industry into the next century. The increase in individuals over 55 plus working women, and the changing family have caused the food industry to develop a new generation of foods. One of the processes, sous vide, is an advanced method where fresh foods are vacuum sealed in impermeable plastic, cooked at low temperature in circulating water, and chilled and held at refrigerator temperature for up to three weeks. Nutritionists and food scientists have concerns about the food safety of sous vide products and the possible increase in food borne illnesses. Continued research is needed for the food industry to deliver safe, nutritious foods, particularly to the elderly. PMID:1460553

Briley, M E

1992-01-01

319

Saving our backs: safe patient handling and mobility for home care.  

PubMed

Predicted work-related injuries for nurses and home healthcare workers are on the rise given the many risk factors in the home environment and the escalating demands for home healthcare workers in the United States. Fortunately, safe patient handling and mobility programs can dramatically decrease injuries. Despite strides being made to promote safe patient handling and mobility programs in acute care, more can be done to establish such initiatives in the home care setting. PMID:24978578

Beauvais, Audrey; Frost, Lenore

2014-01-01

320

Appendix A: STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES  

E-print Network

Procedures (SOP) are written safety and health guidelines for laboratory work with hazardous chemicals and are required as a part of a laboratory-specific Chemical Hygiene Plan. EH&S recommends that Standard Operating Procedures be written for hazardous chemicals when the chemical is used routinely in the laboratory and when

Ferrara, Katherine W.

321

When you carry condoms all the boys think you want it: negotiating competing discourses about safe sex  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of HIV, sexual health campaigns and formal sex education in schools have worked to instil the concept of safe sex into the collective minds of Australia's youth. However the concept in its present guise is a fairly limited one. We argue in this paper that the predominant emphasis in education programmes on safe sex as condom use

Lynne Hillier; Lyn Harrison; Deborah Warr

1998-01-01

322

Safe motherhood program evaluation: theory and practice.  

PubMed

Debate on the evaluation of safe motherhood programs has mainly focused on the outcome or process measure to be used. Less attention is paid to the application of different approaches to evaluation. This article reviews current theories of evaluation and provides examples of the extent to which these theories have been applied in the actual practice of evaluation. Most evaluations use multiple methods and approaches, but the rationale and intention behind these choices are often not made explicit. Factors are identified that need to be taken into consideration when planning and conducting safe motherhood program evaluations. Safe motherhood programs are complex interventions, requiring evaluation by different theoretical approaches and multiple methods. Awareness of these approaches will allow health professionals to plan for evaluation and to use evaluation findings more effectively. If cognizant of the different approaches to evaluation, evaluation frameworks can be developed to improve assessment of the effectiveness of these programs. PMID:15236714

Milne, Lesley; Scotland, Graham; Tagiyeva-Milne, Nargiz; Hussein, Julia

2004-01-01

323

Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)  

MedlinePLUS

... that acts like a scalpel (surgical knife). An electric current is passed through the loop, which cuts away ... A procedure in which an instrument works with electric current to destroy tissue. Local Anesthesia: The use of ...

324

Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)  

MedlinePLUS

... that acts like a scalpel (surgical knife). An electric current is passed through the loop, which cuts ... A procedure in which an instrument works with electric current to destroy tissue. Local Anesthesia: The use ...

325

Driving Procedures. A Resource Guide for Driver Education Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide instructors with resource materials for driver education, this book contains mainly materials on established safe driving procedures. An introduction defines a procedure as describing ways in which a driver can comply with the law to do something extra that will increase his/her safety and prevent congestion and collision.

Texas State Dept. of Public Safety, Austin.

326

Undiagnosed myopathy before surgery and safe anaesthesia table.  

PubMed

Patients with muscle pathology are a challenge for anaesthesiologists because of possible life-threatening general anaesthesia complications. A review of the current medical literature on the issue clearly indicates that increasing awareness by anaesthesiologists in recent years has led to a reduction in the occurrence of adverse events in patients with diagnostically well-defined muscle disease. On the other hand, the current emerging aspect is that the great majority of complications concern subjects with clinically non-overt (silent to mildly symptomatic) and thus undiagnosed myopathy. With a view to improving prevention of possible critical anaesthesia complications in such patients, we present a "Safe Anaesthesia Table", listing both the anaesthetic drugs to be avoided and those considered harmless for myopathic patients, irrespective of age and type of pathology. In addition, a brief outline about the clinical aspects suggestive of a possible muscle pathology is also provided. Using "safe drugs" during routine surgical procedures in subjects with suspected undiagnosed myopathy will enable the anaesthesiologist to avoid delaying surgery, while protecting them from anaesthesia complications. By following this approach the presumed myopathy can be properly investigated after surgery. PMID:24399867

Trevisan, Carlo P; Accorsi, Alma; Morandi, Lucia O; Mongini, Tiziana; Savoia, Gennaro; Gravino, Elvira; Angelini, Corrado; Tegazzin, Vincenzo

2013-10-01

327

Computerized navigation surgery for the safe placement of palatal implants.  

PubMed

Palatal endosseous implants are increasingly recognized as an important alternative for achieving maximal intraoral orthodontic anchorage; however, their safe surgical placement is a matter of concern. Available palatal bone is frequently limited, and erroneous drilling can damage adjacent structures. Computerized navigation surgery is an advanced surgical modality in which the surgical drill is accurately tracked and animated in real time on the radiological image of the surgical site. In implant dentistry, this surgical modality allows accurate navigation of the implant drilling procedure and increases safety and accuracy, compared with conventional dental implant surgery. This article outlines the principles of computerized navigation surgery and describes its application for the placement of palatal orthodontic implants. The merits of this approach are particularly important for patients with limited palatal bone when implant placement requires high surgical precision. PMID:17448382

Wexler, Alon; Tzadok, Sasi; Casap, Nardy

2007-04-01

328

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) Sun Safe Mode  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), a spacecraft designed and built at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration s (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Greenbelt, MD, was launched on June 18, 2009 from Cape Canaveral. It is currently in orbit about the Moon taking detailed science measurements and providing a highly accurate mapping of the suface in preparation for the future return of astronauts to a permanent moon base. Onboard the spacecraft is a complex set of algorithms designed by the attitude control engineers at GSFC to control the pointig for all operational events, including anomalies that require the spacecraft to be put into a well known attitude configuration for a sufficiently long duration to allow for the investigation and correction of the anomaly. GSFC level requirements state that each spacecraft s control system design must include a configuration for this pointing and lso be able to maintain a thermally safe and power positive attitude. This stable control algorithm for anomalous events is commonly referred to as the safe mode and consists of control logic thatwill put the spacecraft in this safe configuration defined by the spacecraft s hardware, power and environment capabilities and limitations. The LRO Sun Safe mode consists of a coarse sun-pointing set of algorithms that puts the spacecraft into this thermally safe and power positive attitude and can be achieved wihin a required amount of time from any initial attitude, provided that the system momentum is within the momentum capability of the reaction wheels. On LRO the Sun Safe mode makes use of coarse sun sensors (CSS), an inertial reference unit (IRU) and reaction wheels (RW) to slew the spacecraft to a solar inertial pointing. The CSS and reaction wheels have some level of redundancy because of their numbers. However, the IRU is a single-point-failure piece of hardware. Without the rate information provided by the IRU, the Sun Safe control algorithms could not maintain the required pointing, so a sub-mode of the Sun Safe mode that does not use the IRU was designed. This submode, referred to as the Sun Safe Gyroless control mode, consists of an algorithm that estimates rate information from the CSS and the RW measurements. RW momentum information is used to estimate the body rate parallel to the target sunline, which CSS alone would not be able to observe. Sun Safe can be autonomously, or via ground command, entered from any other control mode and in the event the IRU is not providing rate information, the control mode is switched to the gyroless submode. This paper looks at the design of the Sun Safe modes and discusses the constraints placed on the algorithm and how the mode wored around these constraints. Items of particular interest include CSS placement on the Solar Array (SA) and its implications to design, estimation of body rate information for the Sun Safe Gyroless control mode, and the effect of solar eclipse on each of the Sun Safe modes. Placing CSS on the SA was necessary for the means to put the Sun along the targeted sun-line, nominally normal to the SA panels, for all operational considerations. This had design implications for determining a sun vector during normal SA operations, if one or both gimbals become inoperable and when the SA is in a stowed configuration. The ability of body rate estimation in Sun Safe Gyroless not only uses CSS sun vector data but requires RW momentum measuremens to estimate rates parallel to the sun-line. LRO encounters solar eclipses of some length for most of its orbits about the Moon. With the lack of CSS measurement data a design was implemented in both Sun Safe and Sun Safe Gyroless, they differ because of having or not having IRU measurement data, to carry the spacecraft through these eclipse periods. This paper also includes some discussion of sun avoidance and how it affected design decisions during nominal and eclipse perids for each of the Sun Safe modes.

Garrick, Joseph; Roger, J.

2010-01-01

329

Analysis of Nontarget Embolization Mechanisms During Embolization and Chemoembolization Procedures  

SciTech Connect

Complications of embolization and chemoembolization remain a problem even with the development of low-profile catheter material and the introduction of new embolization agents. In recent years many new embolization materials have become available for clinical use, so the possibilities and limitations of these new materials must be understood to allow safe and effective embolization. Although up to now some scientific work has been published reporting the basic risk of embolization procedures, the underlying pathomechanism remains the object of speculation. Besides complications like drug toxicity, allergic reactions, and bleeding of the puncture site, the characteristics of embolization materials must be known to understand the potential complications of nontarget embolization and reflux of embolization material. This article gives an overview of established and new embolization materials, their potential risks, and the underlying pathophysiology.

Lopez-Benitez, Ruben, E-mail: ruben.lopez@med.uni-heidelberg.d [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Richter, Goetz M., E-mail: g.richter@klinikum-stuttgart.d [Katharinenhospital, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie (Germany); Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich, E-mail: Hans-ulrich.kauczor@med.uni-heidelberg.d [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Stampfl, Sibylle, E-mail: sibylle.stampfl@uk-koeln.d [University of Koeln, Institut und Poliklinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik (Germany); Kladeck, Juliane, E-mail: Juliane.kladeck@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Radeleff, Boris A., E-mail: Boris.radeleff@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Neukamm, Martin, E-mail: Martin.neukamm@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Hallscheidt, Peter J., E-mail: Peter.hallscheidt@med.uni-heidelberg.d [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

2009-07-15

330

Contraceptive procedures.  

PubMed

Although most women desire to control the size and spacing of their family, the rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States remains high, with approximately half of all pregnancies being unintended. Reducing unintended pregnancy is a national public health goal, and the increased use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) (intrauterine devices and implants) can help meet this goal. LARCs are among the most effective forms of contraception available. There are few contraindications to their use, and insertion and removal are straightforward procedures that are well tolerated in the outpatient office setting. PMID:24286997

Beasley, Anitra; Schutt-Ain, Ann

2013-12-01

331

Safe Schools: What the Southeast Is Doing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtually no school is safe from violence. FBI statistics, which show that juvenile crimes actually peaked during the mid-1970s, are at odds with the public perception that crime rates among young people are at an all-time high. The FBI acknowledges, however, that the crimes committed by young people tend to be more serious than in the past, and

SERVE Policy Brief, 1996

1996-01-01

332

Creating a Safe and Positive Classroom Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To insure that each child has a safe and positive environment at school, teachers should earn their pupils' respect and classroom activities should be oriented to helping each child succeed. Three key phrases reinforce the expectation of success. These phrases, which teacher and pupils should understand and remember, are: (1) It is O.K. to make a

White, Kimberly A.

333

BACK TO BASICS: YOUR KEYS TO SAFE  

E-print Network

BACK TO BASICS: YOUR KEYS TO SAFE DRIVING BUCKLE UP! Seat belts should never have time off DRIVE to go through all or some of this thought process each time they drive... ·Will I be driving in heavy, there are still almost 45 million people who are not wearing a seat belt all the time--and some not wearing one

Kirschner, Denise

334

TSV Safe Express: NMRA train model system  

E-print Network

;A faire. Implémentation du protocole CAN Bootloader en CAN Intégration du code aux cartes Bootloader CAN: Utiliser le bootloader UART pour `installer' unUtiliser le bootloader UART pour `installer' un bootloader CAN sur chaque carte. page 5 ROSE2011 TSV Safe Express Intégration du code aux cartes

Tardieu, Samuel

335

Information Leaks and Safe Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper shows that information leaks are inherent in object models based on subtyping and inclusion polymorphism. Web services interact with other systems across organizational boundaries using such an object model. In the context of web services, information leaks pose serious security and privacy concerns. A safe web service is one which neither is a source of any information leak

Ashish Kundu

336

Every Child Learning: Safe and Supportive Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools that students experience as safe and supportive will be more successful at promoting student achievement and developing qualities such as good character and citizenship. However, this commonsensible priority is sometimes slighted when other issues demand a school's attention. This guide identifies four core elements necessary to create and

Learning First Alliance, Washington, DC.

337

Staying Safe during Exercise and Physical Activity  

MedlinePLUS

... nih.gov/Go4Life Staying Safe during Exercise and Physical Activity Theres a way for almost every older adult ... have specific health conditions, discuss your exercise and physical activity plan with your health care provider. Endurance. Listen ...

338

Safe Navigation in Urban Environments Esther Galbrun  

E-print Network

a novel application that utilizes crime data to provide safe urban nav- igation. Specifically, using crime allows us to estimate the relative probability of a crime on any road segment. Given such model we define to this phenomenon. Cities have become the main source of crimes, diseases and pollution, significantly deteriorating

Terzi, Evimaria

339

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

SciTech Connect

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J.S.

1991-12-31

340

Hitting the Road: Safe Student Transportation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the importance of school administrators' taking an active role in selecting motor coach carriers for their school trips. School administrators must be able to prove due diligence in selecting safe motor carriers. If not, they risk significant liability exposure for neglecting this critical responsibility. The article

Labriola, Patrick

2013-01-01

341

An embedded fail-safe interlocking system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a fail-safe railway interlocking system embedded in an Area Control Center (ACC) system. The host of the system is a TANDEM NONSTOP HIMALAYA K200 computer. The fault tolerant computer aims at high safety, reliability and availability. In addition, the dispatcher management system, device supervision system, and train control system are integrated in the host computer to ensure

Bin Pei; Yinghua Ming

1997-01-01

342

Cyclone: A safe dialect of C  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyclone is a safe dialect of C. It has been designed from the ground up to prevent the buer overflows, format string attacks, and memory management er- rors that are common in C programs, while retain- ing C's syntax and semantics. This paper examines safety violations enabled by C's design, and shows how Cyclone avoids them, without giving up C's

Trevor JimGreg Morrisett; Dan Grossman; Michael Hicks; James Cheney; Yanling Wang

2001-01-01

343

Disabled Children: The Right to Feel Safe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the fundamental right of disabled children to feel safe and be free from bullying, harassment and abuse. The article proposes that, 20 years since the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, disabled children are still facing barriers to securing this right. The article focuses on recent Mencap research that

Mepham, Sarah

2010-01-01

344

Exploring Safely: A Guide for Elementary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is very important to provide a safe learning environment for students while engaging them in investigative and observational hands-on science activities. This teacher's guide provides information on safety rules and regulations in a narrative style while discussing both self-contained classroom teachers and science specialists in the elementary

Kwan, Terry; Texley, Juliana

345

The Pesticide Problem: Is Any Amount Safe?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of integrated pest management to foster a safe school environment free from pesticides. This effective, environmentally sound system minimizes human exposure and reduces the toxicity of materials used to control pests. Parents, teachers, and students can educate themselves to improve school pest control practices. (SM)

Cooper, Susan

1991-01-01

346

Safe Schools for the Roller Coaster Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic ups and downs so often witnessed in adolescents are the result of changes in their brain activity. It is vital that the emotional and psychological needs that arise from such intense brain development are acknowledged and addressed so that middle school becomes a safe environment for the budding adults.

Inlay, Linda

2005-01-01

347

SAFE DRINKING WATER INFORMATION SYSTEM (STATE)  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: The Safe Drinking Water Information System (STATE) (SDWIS/STATE) is an information system OGWDW is developing for states and EPA regions to manage their water industry. SDWIS/STATE is not an information system for which EPA HQ is using to store or retrie...

348

A Process Reengineering on Maintaining Safe Headway  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve the enormous differences about safe headway between the theoretical value from academic researches and the observational value from practical road conditions, in this paper, a new vehicle-following models is established to accurately simulate the vehicle-following process, which conforms to the actual situation much better, and an operable reference value could be deduced for car drivers. Combined

Xue Han; Jiang Shan

2010-01-01

349

Safe Schools: A Best Practices Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every day in America more than 50 million children go to neighborhood public schools. Parents send them off with every hope they will be safe while there. And yet, as has been the case in too many cities, violence shatters that hope. The Council of Educational Facilities Planners International (CEFPI) seeks to lead in the effort to bolster schools

Council of Educational Facility Planners International, 2013

2013-01-01

350

Submarine 'safe to escape' studies in man.  

PubMed

The Royal Navy requires reliable advice on the safe limits of escape from a distressed submarine (DISSUB). Flooding in a DISSUB may cause a rise in ambient pressure, increasing the risk of decompression sickness (DCS) and decreasing the maximum depth from which it is safe to escape. The aim of this study was to investigate the pressure/depth limits to escape following saturation at raised ambient pressure. Exposure to saturation pressures up to 1.6 bar (a) (160 kPa) (n = 38); escapes from depths down to 120 meters of sea water (msw) (n = 254) and a combination of saturation followed by escape (n = 90) was carried out in the QinetiQ Submarine Escape Simulator, Alverstoke, United Kingdom. Doppler ultrasound monitoring was used to judge the severity of decompression stress. The trials confirmed the previously untested advice, in the Guardbook, that if a DISSUB was lying at a depth of 90 msw, then it was safe to escape when the pressure in the DISSUB was 1.5 bar (a), but also indicated that this advice may be overly conservative. This study demonstrated that the upper DISSUB saturation pressure limit to safe escape from 90 msw was 1.6 bar (a), resulting in two cases of DCS. PMID:25109084

Jurd, K M; Seddon, F M; Thacker, J C; Blogg, S L; Stansfield, M R D; White, M G; Loveman, G A M

2014-01-01

351

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOEpatents

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process. 8 figures.

Herring, J.S.

1993-09-21

352

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOEpatents

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J. Stephen (Idaho Falls, ID)

1993-01-01

353

Campaign Safe & Sober. Youth & Generation X Planner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains information on safe and sober driving for members of Generation X. The packet includes information on "Buckle Up America! Week 1998," which was designed to encourage everyone on the road to use seat belts and child safety seats and to use them properly. It also offers a safety city brochure and multiple program materials

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

354

Safe Handling of Infectious Agents Primary and Continuous Cell Cultures  

E-print Network

in the work area and pose a risk of infection to the worker. Biological safety cabinets are used extensively, Fullerton is the Class II biological safety cabinet, which provides protection to the worker Safety Cabinets Most laboratory procedures generate aerosols that may spread infectious material

de Lijser, Peter

355

Safe biotechnology (5). Recommendations for safe work with animal and human cell cultures concerning potential human pathogens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The benefits of using animal or human cell cultures have been clearly demonstrated in diagnostic and therapeutic research and in their application for manufacturing. Cell cultures serve as a tools for the production of vaccines, receptors, enzymes, monoclonal antibodies and recombinant DNA-derived proteins. They represent an integral part of drug development for which corresponding facilities, equipment and manufacturing processes are

W. Frommer; L. Archer; B. Boon; G. Brunius; C. H. Collins; P. Crooy; O. Doblhoff-Dier; R. Donikian; J. Economidis; C. Frontali; T. Gaal; S. Hamp; H. Haymerle; E. H. Houwink; M. T. Kenzi; P. Krmer; H. L. M. Lelieveld; M. Th. Logtenberg; J. Lupker; S. Lund; J. L. Mahler; Ch. Mosgaard; F. Normand-Plessier; F. Rudan; R. Simon; G. Tuijnenburg Muijs; S. P. Vranch; R. G. Werner

1993-01-01

356

Safe Affordable Fission Engine-(SAFE-) 100a Heat Exchanger Thermal and Structural Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A potential fission power system for in-space missions is a heat pipe-cooled reactor coupled to a Brayton cycle. In this system, a heat exchanger (HX) transfers the heat of the reactor core to the Brayton gas. The Safe Affordable Fission Engine- (SAFE-) 100a is a test program designed to thermally and hydraulically simulate a 95 Btu/s prototypic heat pipe-cooled reactor using electrical resistance heaters on the ground. This Technical Memorandum documents the thermal and structural assessment of the HX used in the SAFE-100a program.

Steeve, B. E.

2005-01-01

357

Safe handling of potential peroxide forming compounds and their corresponding peroxide yielded derivatives.  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses recent developments concerning the identification and handling of potential peroxide forming (PPF) and peroxide yielded derivative (PYD) chemicals. PPF chemicals are described in terms of labeling, shelf lives, and safe handling requirements as required at SNL. The general peroxide chemistry concerning formation, prevention, and identification is cursorily presented to give some perspective to the generation of peroxides. The procedure for determining peroxide concentrations and the proper disposal methods established by the Hazardous Waste Handling Facility are also provided. Techniques such as neutralization and dilution are provided for the safe handling of any PYD chemicals to allow for safe handling. The appendices are a collection of all available SNL documentation pertaining to PPF/PYD chemicals to serve as a single reference.

Sears, Jeremiah Matthew; Boyle, Timothy J.; Dean, Christopher J.

2013-06-01

358

Pediatric procedural sedation and analgesia  

PubMed Central

Procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) is an evolving field in pediatric emergency medicine. As new drugs breach the boundaries of anesthesia in the Pediatric Emergency Department, parents, patients, and physicians are finding new and more satisfactory methods of sedation. Short acting, rapid onset agents with little or no lingering effects and improved safety profiles are replacing archaic regimens. This article discusses the warning signs and areas of a patient's medical history that are particularly pertinent to procedural sedation and the drugs used. The necessary equipment is detailed to provide the groundwork for implementing safe sedation in children. It is important for practitioners to familiarize themselves with a select few of the PSA drugs, rather than the entire list of sedatives. Those agents most relevant to PSA in the pediatric emergency department are presented. PMID:19561987

Meredith, James R; O'Keefe, Kelly P; Galwankar, Sagar

2008-01-01

359

Procedural knowledge  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Much of commonsense knowledge about the real world is in the form of procedures or sequences of actions for achieving particular goals. In this paper, a formalism is presented for representing such knowledge using the notion of process. A declarative semantics for the representation is given, which allows a user to state facts about the effects of doing things in the problem domain of interest. An operational semantics is also provided, which shows how this knowledge can be used to achieve particular goals or to form intentions regarding their achievement. Given both semantics, the formalism additionally serves as an executable specification language suitable for constructing complex systems. A system based on this formalism is described, and examples involving control of an autonomous robot and fault diagnosis for NASA's Space Shuttle are provided.

Georgeff, Michael P.; Lansky, Amy L.

1986-01-01

360

Computational methods working group  

SciTech Connect

During the Cold Moderator Workshop several working groups were established including one to discuss calculational methods. The charge for this working group was to identify problems in theory, data, program execution, etc., and to suggest solutions considering both deterministic and stochastic methods including acceleration procedures.

Gabriel, T. A.

1997-09-01

361

Discussing safe sexual practices during cancer treatment.  

PubMed

Physical intimacy can contribute significantly to a person's well-being, but oncology clinicians rarely discuss sexuality with their patients. Lack of knowledge and personal discomfort are widely acknowledged barriers. This article addresses these barriers by outlining steps patients can take during treatment to ensure safe sexual activity. Most patients can be sexually active during treatment, but they need to use safe sexual practices. Patients need to prevent pregnancy, protect themselves from infection, and, if concerned, avoid partner exposure to chemotherapy in semen or vaginal fluids. This article outlines issues to consider when educating patients about sexual activity during cancer treatment and describes strategies for oncology nurses to feel more comfortable initiating these discussions with patients. PMID:25095299

Kelvin, Joanne Frankel; Steed, Rebecca; Jarrett, Joy

2014-08-01

362

ColorSafe 1.5: A Web Safe Color Plug-in for Photoshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ColorSafe 1.5, a product of BoxTop Software, Inc. (discussed in the August 15, 1997 issue of the Scout Report), offers an excellent tool to create web safe graphics in Adobe Photoshop. ColorSafe 1.5 was released October 29, 1997 as a shareware ($49.95) for the Mac and will soon be released for Windows 95/NT. This Photoshop plug-in "extends the 216 color web safe palette to millions of non-dithering optical colors and patterns with fully interactive color pickers from CMYK to HSV to RGB." Although made for Photoshop, ColorSafe 1.5 is also compatible with Illustrator 6.0 - 7.0, PhotoDelux 1.0, Fractal Design Painter 2.0 - 5.0, Deneba Canvas 5.0, Macromedia xRes 2.0 - 3.0, Microfrontier ColorIt! 3.0 - 3.2, Equilibrium DeBabelizer 1.6.1 - 1.6.5, and others. The download comes with additional palettes and a free plug-in called WebClipper to ensure that colors (from the web safe palette) in a graphic will match exactly after an adaptive color reduction has been performed in Photoshop.

363

Development of an ultra-safe, ultra-low emissions natural gas fueled school bus: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents work conducted under Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) Project 03-6871, ``Development of an Ultra-Safe and Low-Emission Dedicated Alternative Fuel School Bus.`` The project was sponsored by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Subcontract No. ZCF-5-13519-01. This report documents Phase 3 -- Integration and Phase 4 -- Demonstration and serves as the final report for this project. Phase 1 -- Systems Design and Phase 2 -- Prototype Hardware Development were documented in NREL publications TP-425-7609 and TP-425-2 1081, respectively. Several significant areas of work are summarized in this report. Integration of the engine technologies developed under Phase 2 into a production Deere 8.1-L, spark-ignition compressed natural gas engine is detailed, including information on the engine and control system modifications that were made. Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions results verifying the ultra-low emissions output of this engine are also included. The informal project goal of producing oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) emissions less than or equal to 1.0 g/bhp-hr over the FTP heavy-duty engine cycle was attained. In addition, a test run that resulted in less than one half of the Ultra-Low Emissions Vehicle limit for NO{sub x} plus non-methane hydrocarbons was obtained. These results were for engine-out (no catalyst) emissions. Results using a catalyst produced very low formaldehyde emissions and virtually zero carbon monoxide and particulate matter emissions. Following these excellent results, a duplicate engine was assembled and integrated into the prototype ultra-safe school bus, the Envirobus 2000. Many of the new and modified subsystems developed during this project for the engine are considered strong candidates for inclusion into the production Deere 8.1-L gas engine in the near future.

Kubesh, J.T. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)] [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-03-01

364

Cyclone: A Safe Dialect of C  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Cyclone is a safe dialect of C. It has been designedfrom the ground up to prevent the bu#er overflows,format string attacks, and memory management errorsthat are common in C programs, while retainingC's syntax and semantics. This paper examinessafety violations enabled by C's design, and showshow Cyclone avoids them, without giving up C'shallmark control over low-level details such as datarepresentation

Trevor Jim; J. Gregory Morrisett; Dan Grossman; Michael W. Hicks; James Cheney; Yanling Wang

2002-01-01

365

Type-safe multithreading in cyclone  

Microsoft Academic Search

We extend Cyclone, a type-safe polymorphic language at the C level of abstraction, with threads and locks. Data races can violate type safety in Cyclone. An extended type system statically guarantees their absence by enforcing that thread-shared data is protected via locking and that thread-local data does not escape the thread that creates it. The extensions interact smoothly with parametric

Dan Grossman

2003-01-01

366

Safe Handling f T iof Toxic,  

E-print Network

. Date 04/24/2006-A 3 #12;Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders Flammable GasFlammable Gas of a compressed gas which: I fl bl i i t f 13%Is flammable in a mixture of 13% or less (by volume) with air OR HasFlammable GasesFlammable GasesFlammable Gases Acetylene Natural Gas B t PButane Propane Ethylene Methaney Hydrogen

Farritor, Shane

367

Safe exercise prescription for children and adolescents.  

PubMed

This article provides practical advice on healthy exercise prescription for children. There is growing scientific evidence about the abilities and limits of child athletes in both recreational and competitive environments. As exercise becomes essential for the prevention of illness and maintenance of health, the counselling for an exercise prescription requires enhanced knowledge. The latest recommendations on safe strength, resistance and weight training are presented in a concise format for office use. PMID:20401276

Alleyne, J M

1998-09-01

368

Safe Handling of Take-Out Foods  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Safe Handling of Take-out Foods Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

369

Big Thaw - Safe Defrosting Methods for Consumers  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Safe Food Handling / The Big Thaw Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

370

Handling Food Safely on the Road  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Handling Food Safely on the Road Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

371

Keeping Food Safe during an Emergency  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Keeping Food Safe During an Emergency Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

372

Inherently safe in situ uranium recovery.  

SciTech Connect

Expansion of uranium mining in the United States is a concern to some environmental groups and sovereign Native American Nations. An approach which may alleviate some problems is to develop inherently safe in situ uranium recovery ('ISR') technologies. Current ISR technology relies on chemical extraction of trace levels of uranium from aquifers that, once mined, can still contain dissolved uranium and other trace metals that are a health concern. Existing ISR operations are few in number; however, high uranium prices are driving the industry to consider expanding operations nation-wide. Environmental concerns and enforcement of the new 30 ppb uranium drinking water standard may make opening new mining operations more difficult and costly. Here we propose a technological fix: the development of inherently safe in situ recovery (ISISR) methods. The four central features of an ISISR approach are: (1) New 'green' leachants that break down predictably in the subsurface, leaving uranium, and associated trace metals, in an immobile form; (2) Post-leachant uranium/metals-immobilizing washes that provide a backup decontamination process; (3) An optimized well-field design that increases uranium recovery efficiency and minimizes excursions of contaminated water; and (4) A combined hydrologic/geochemical protocol for designing low-cost post-extraction long-term monitoring. ISISR would bring larger amounts of uranium to the surface, leave fewer toxic metals in the aquifer, and cost less to monitor safely - thus providing a 'win-win-win' solution to all stakeholders.

Krumhansl, James Lee; Beauheim, Richard Louis; Brady, Patrick Vane; Arnold, Bill Walter; Kanney, Joseph F.; McKenna, Sean Andrew

2009-05-01

373

SAFE/DAE: Modal test in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In September of 1984, NASA performed a series of experiments on orbit with a large solar wing attached to the Space Shuttle orbiter. These experiments, the Solar Array Flight Experiment (SAFE), mark the first tests of a large space structure in space. Extension, retraction, and dynamic tests had to be performed in space due to the fragility of the solar array. Due to the extendable and retractable design of the solar array, accelerometers and associated wires could not be used; therefore, remote sensing, the Dynamics Augmentation Experiment (DAE), was added to the SAFE program. The DAE uses a remote sensor based on star tracker technology to measure the dynamic response of the solar array. The DAE sensor tracked 18 targets on the solar array during free-decay response to a transient excitation. An overview of the SAFE/DAE is presented, highlighting analysis results from the remotely sensed data. Modal parameter estimates from the remotely sensed data were computed using the complex exponential and polyreference techniques.

Nesman, T. E.; Reed, D. K.

1986-01-01

374

Safe transport of radioactive materials in Egypt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Egypt the national regulations for safe transport of radioactive materials (RAM) are based on the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) regulations. In addition, regulations for the safe transport of these materials through the Suez Canal (SC) were laid down by the Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA) and the Suez Canal Authority (SCA). They are continuously updated to meet the increased knowledge and the gained experience. The technical and protective measures taken during transport of RAM through SC are mentioned. Assessment of the impact of transporting radioactive materials through the Suez Canal using the INTERTRAN computer code was carried out in cooperation with IAEA. The transported activities and empty containers, the number of vessels carrying RAM through the canal from 1963 to 1991 and their nationalities are also discussed. The protective measures are mentioned.A review of the present situation of the radioactive wastes storage facilities at the Atomic Energy site at Inshas is given along with the regulation for safe transportation and disposal of radioactive wastes

El-Shinawy, Rifaat M. K.

1994-07-01

375

Integrating segmentation and paging protection for safe, efficient and transparent software extensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trend towards extensible software architectures and component-based software development demands safe, efficient, and easy-to-use extension mechanisms to enforce protection boundaries among software modules residing in the same address space. This paper describes the design, implementation, and evaluation of a novel intra-address space protection mechanism called prototype implementation demonstrates that a protected procedure call and return costs 142 CPU cycles

Tzi-cker Chiueh; Ganesh Venkitachalam; Prashant Pradhan

1999-01-01

376

Patient safety in surgery: non-technical aspects of safe surgical performance  

PubMed Central

The performance of operative surgery has an understandable focus placed on dexterity, technical precision, as well as the choice of procedure. There is less appreciation of the cognitive and social skills of the individual surgeon and the effect that these have on the surgical team and on patient outcome. This article highlights that impact and explores the contribution of non-technical skills to safe practice within the operating room. PMID:20298538

2010-01-01

377

33 CFR 276.7 - Procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...POLICIES AND AUTHORITIES: APPLICATION OF SECTION 134a OF PUBLIC LAW 94-587 276.7 Procedures. (a) Non-Federal...Engineer when work commences. The District Engineer will conduct periodic and final inspections. Upon completion of local work,...

2013-07-01

378

33 CFR 276.7 - Procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...POLICIES AND AUTHORITIES: APPLICATION OF SECTION 134a OF PUBLIC LAW 94-587 276.7 Procedures. (a) Non-Federal...Engineer when work commences. The District Engineer will conduct periodic and final inspections. Upon completion of local work,...

2012-07-01

379

33 CFR 276.7 - Procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...POLICIES AND AUTHORITIES: APPLICATION OF SECTION 134a OF PUBLIC LAW 94-587 276.7 Procedures. (a) Non-Federal...Engineer when work commences. The District Engineer will conduct periodic and final inspections. Upon completion of local work,...

2010-07-01

380

33 CFR 276.7 - Procedures.  

...POLICIES AND AUTHORITIES: APPLICATION OF SECTION 134a OF PUBLIC LAW 94-587 276.7 Procedures. (a) Non-Federal...Engineer when work commences. The District Engineer will conduct periodic and final inspections. Upon completion of local work,...

2014-07-01

381

33 CFR 276.7 - Procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...POLICIES AND AUTHORITIES: APPLICATION OF SECTION 134a OF PUBLIC LAW 94-587 276.7 Procedures. (a) Non-Federal...Engineer when work commences. The District Engineer will conduct periodic and final inspections. Upon completion of local work,...

2011-07-01

382

76 FR 40985 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Revenue Procedure 2005-24; Notice 2006-15  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request for Revenue Procedure 2005- 24; Notice 2006-15 AGENCY: Internal...notice 2006-15, extension of June 28, 2005, safe harbor date. DATES: Written comments...Revenue Procedure Number: Revenue Procedure 2005-24. Abstract: Revenue Procedure...

2011-07-12

383

Designing Flight-Deck Procedures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A complex human-machine system consists of more than merely one or more human operators and a collection of hardware components. In order to operate a complex system successfully, the human-machine system must be supported by an organizational infrastructure of operating concepts, rules, guidelines, and documents. The coherency of such operating concepts, in terms of consistency and logic, is vitally important for the efficiency and safety of any complex system. In high-risk endeavors such as aircraft operations, space flight, nuclear power production, manufacturing process control, and military operations, it is essential that such support be flawless, as the price of operational error can be high. When operating rules are not adhered to, or the rules are inadequate for the task at hand, not only will the system's goals be thwarted, but there may also be tragic human and material consequences. To ensure safe and predictable operations, support to the operators, in this case flight crews, often comes in the form of standard operating procedures. These provide the crew with step-by-step guidance for carrying out their operations. Standard procedures do indeed promote uniformity, but they do so at the risk of reducing the role of human operators to a lower level. Management, however, must recognize the danger of over-procedurization, which fails to exploit one of the most valuable assets in the system, the intelligent operator who is "on the scene." The alert system designer and operations manager recognize that there cannot be a procedure for everything, and the time will come in which the operators of a complex system will face a situation for which there is no written procedure. Procedures, whether executed by humans or machines, have their place, but so does human cognition.

Degani, Asaf; Wiener, L.; Shafto, Mike (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

384

Conceptual Design of the Chornobyl New Safe Confinement - an Overview  

SciTech Connect

The Object Shelter, constructed over the Chornobyl nuclear power plant that was destroyed by a 1986 accident, is at risk of collapse. The Consortium of Bechtel, Electricit De France, and Battelle, in cooperation with subcontractor ???, recently completed the conceptual design for a New Safe Confinement (NSC) building to reduce Shelter corrosion, to mitigate the consequences of potential collapse, and to enable the safe deconstruction of unstable structures. The arch-shaped NSC will be constructed at a distance from the Shelter to minimize radiation exposure to construction workers, and then slid into place over the Shelter. After sliding, cranes and other tools inside the NSC will be remotely operated for deconstruction of the Shelter. The NSC is designed for a 100-year life. Bechtel designed the arch structure and was responsible for project management functions. Electricit De France designed the foundations and designed deconstruction of the Object Shelter unstable elements. Battelle performed safety analyses and environmental impact assessment. ??? (a consortium of ?I?? [KIEP], ??I?? [NIISK], and ???? [ISTC]), as a working partner in all aspects of the design and analysis processes, was the Ukrainian licensed engineer for conceptual design. The design is currently being reviewed by Ukrainian regulatory authorities. An open international tender for detailed design and construction is anticipated to be announced by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in December, 2003, with two-stage bid evaluation beginning in April, 2004.

Kulishenko, Valery N.; Hogg, Charles; Schmieman, Eric A.; Wrona, Matthew W.; Convert, Philippe; Nemchinov, Yuriy I.; Shenderovich, Victor; Shcherbin, Vladimir; Belicard, Pascal; Durst, Bruce M.

2006-05-01

385

Safe patient care safety culture and risk management in otorhinolaryngology  

PubMed Central

Safety culture is positioned at the heart of an organizations vulnerability to error because of its role in framing organizational awareness to risk and in providing and sustaining effective strategies of risk management. Safety related attitudes of leadership and management play a crucial role in the development of a mature safety culture (top-down process). A type marker for organizational culture and thus a predictor for an organizations maturity in respect to safety is information flow and in particular an organizations general way of coping with information that suggests anomaly. As all values and beliefs, relationships, learning, and other aspects of organizational safety culture are about sharing and processing information, safety culture has been termed informed culture. An informed culture is free of blame and open for information provided by incidents. Incident reporting systems are the backbone of a reporting culture, where good information flow is likely to support and encourage other kinds of cooperative behavior, such as problem solving, innovation, and inter-departmental bridging. Another facet of an informed culture is the free flow of information during perioperative patient care. The World Health Organizations safe surgery checklist is the most prevalent example of a standardized information exchange aimed at preventing patient harm due to information deficit. In routine tasks mandatory standard operating procedures have gained widespread acceptance in guaranteeing the highest possible process quality. Technical and non-technical skills of healthcare professionals are the decisive human resource for an efficient and safe delivery of patient care and the avoidance of errors. The systematic enhancement of staff qualification by providing training opportunities can be a major investment in patient safety. In recent years several otorhinolaryngology departments have started to incorporate stimulation based team trainings into their curriculum. PMID:24403977

St. Pierre, Michael

2013-01-01

386

33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

Safe water marks indicate that there is navigable water all around the mark. They are often used to indicate fairways or midchannels, or the seaward end of channels. Safe water marks are colored with red and white vertical...

2012-07-01

387

33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.  

Safe water marks indicate that there is navigable water all around the mark. They are often used to indicate fairways or midchannels, or the seaward end of channels. Safe water marks are colored with red and white vertical...

2014-07-01

388

33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

Safe water marks indicate that there is navigable water all around the mark. They are often used to indicate fairways or midchannels, or the seaward end of channels. Safe water marks are colored with red and white vertical...

2013-07-01

389

Blood Thinner Pills: Your Guide to Using Them Safely  

MedlinePLUS

... Publication # 09-0086-C Go to Online Store Blood Thinner Pills: Your Guide to Using Them Safely ... Them Safely VideoStaying Active and Healthy with Blood Thinners People often worry about how routine medicines ...

390

Medicines: Use Them Safely | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Taking Medicines Safely Medicines: Use Them Safely Past Issues / Summer 2013 Table ... Questions To Ask Your Doctor About A New Medicine What is the name of the medicine, and ...

391

Ensuring That Cosmetics Used in the United States Are Safe  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Basics Video: Ensuring That Cosmetics Used in the United States Are Safe Dr. Linda Katz is the Director ... Her office ensures that cosmetics used in the United States are safe. Taking information from consumers, industry, and ...

392

Reliability based fatigue design and maintenance procedures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A stochastic model has been developed to describe a probability for fatigue process by assuming a varying hazard rate. This stochastic model can be used to obtain the desired probability of a crack of certain length at a given location after a certain number of cycles or time. Quantitative estimation of the developed model was also discussed. Application of the model to develop a procedure for reliability-based cost-effective fail-safe structural design is presented. This design procedure includes the reliability improvement due to inspection and repair. Methods of obtaining optimum inspection and maintenance schemes are treated.

Hanagud, S.

1977-01-01

393

UC DAVIS Environmental Health & Safety SAFE USE OF BIOLOGICAL SAFETY CABINETS  

E-print Network

UC DAVIS Environmental Health & Safety SAFE USE OF BIOLOGICAL SAFETY CABINETS This course is required for anyone who uses a biological safety cabinet for any type of work with infectious agents (human type of infectious agent. Goals: o To show how biological safety cabinets protect the user

Ferrara, Katherine W.

394

SAFE gas turbine cycle primary heat exchangers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Los Alamos National Laboratory and Marshall Space Flight Center are jointly developing two modular heat pipe heat exchangers, collectively named FIGMENT (Fission Inert Gas Metal Exchanger for Non-nuclear Testing). The FIGMENT heat exchangers are designed to transfer power from the SAFE nuclear reactor cores to gas turbine energy converters. A stainless steel prototype heat exchanger will be built during 2002 in preparation for the construction of a larger refractory metal version. Two promising FIGMENT stainless steel heat exchanger concepts are reviewed here. .

Reid, Robert S.; Kapernick, Richard J.

2002-01-01

395

The Journey from Safe Yield to Sustainability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Safe-yield concepts historically focused attention on the economic and legal aspects of ground water development. Sustainability concerns have brought environmental aspects more to the forefront and have resulted in a more integrated outlook. Water resources sustainability is not a purely scientific concept, but rather a perspective that can frame scientific analysis. The evolving concept of sustainability presents a challenge to hydrologists to translate complex, and sometimes vague, socioeconomic and political questions into technical questions that can be quantified systematically. Hydrologists can contribute to sustainable water resources management by presenting the longer-term implications of ground water development as an integral part of their analyses.

Alley, W.M.; Leake, S.A.

2004-01-01

396

Safety analysis and realization of safe information transmission optical LAN on high-speed railway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-speed railway that has been progressing very quickly is one of the greatest techniques in present time because of its high speed, economy, comfort, environment benefits and other advantages. And among all of these, safe is the backbone and lifeline, so the chief task in developing high-speed railway is to establish safety guarantee system. Also in this safety guarantee system, train control is one of the key techniques to guarantee safe train operation and to advance ability of transportation, so operation safe is located in the hardcore position. That is to say, it is imperative to set up a safe, real-time and reliable automatic train control system. And we can easily find out that this kind of system is now developed and applied in many countries. Important information related to train control, such as the received and transmitted information of track-sided equipment, is called safe information, because it deals with train operation's safe, reliability, and even directly with people's life and wealth. It is so important that if there were some kind of fault with its making, transmission, or processing, fatal accident would occur. So to some degree, it is impossible to transmit and process this information through present railway communication network because of the former's extreme importance and the latter's no safe capability. Therefore, a specific communication network that mainly considers about safe transmission and management should be established in order to realize the specific function for this specific information. High-speed railway safe information transmission optical LAN, which adopts optical fiber as transmission media and transmits safe information, is a kind of LAN designed for the request for safe, real-time and highly reliable automatic train control system in the process of our country's high-speed railway construction and commonly train speed. In this paper, after analyzing the characteristics of automatic train control system and the structure, status and function of the safe information transmission optical LAN, we analyze the main factors which affect the network's safe transmission performance based on the principle of safe design. Then, on the foundation of the elementary principle of the concept, fail-safe, in railway signal field, we discuss the real network's safety and realization of the software and hardware. The final experiment indicates that the real network works robustly, performs reliably, and achieves the designed aim. When some kind of faults occur which produced by hardware, software or transmission media, the network can easily and reliably deal with them and transfer to safety mode that will ensure the train's operation. The analysis and design of this network is a meaningful step in constructing our country's railway special communication network and also the network can be used in other similar conditions that demand extreme safe.

Tao, Ying; Wu, Chongqing; Li, Zuoyi

2001-10-01

397

Zero-Safe Nets: Modeling Transactions via Transition Synchronization  

E-print Network

Zero-Safe Nets: Modeling Transactions via Transition Synchronization Roberto Bruni and Ugo of the same zero-safe net. Zero-safe nets (ZS nets) have been introduced in [BM97] to provide a basic called stable places), ZS nets include a set of zero places. These are idealized resources that remain in

Bruni, Roberto

398

Introduction Current priorities Data Collection SAFE: Simulation Automation Framework for  

E-print Network

Introduction Current priorities Data Collection SAFE: Simulation Automation Framework Science Bucknell University Nov. 5, 2010 SAFE - ns-3 Developers Meeting, Washington D.C. 1 #12 Extraction Visualization simulation data Nov. 5, 2010 SAFE - ns-3 Developers Meeting, Washington D.C. 2 #12

Perrone, Luiz Felipe

399

Caja Safe active content in sanitized JavaScript  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Caja, web apps can safely allow scripts in third party content. The computer industry has only one signicant success enabling documents to carry active content safely: scripts in web pages. Normal users regu- larly browse untrusted sites with JavaScript turned on. Modulo browser bugs and phishing, they mostly remain safe. But even though web apps build on this success,

Mark S. Miller; Mike Samuel; Ben Laurie; Ihab Awad; Mike Stay

400

Register or Search the Safe and Well Listings  

MedlinePLUS

... Register or Search the Safe and Well Listings Register or Search the Safe and Well Listings Register or Search the Safe and Well Listings Disasters ... in disaster areas in the United States to register their current status, and for their loved ones ...

401

Safe and efficient operation of multistage cold compressor systems  

SciTech Connect

Large refrigeration rates in the temperature range of super fluid helium can only be obtained with the help of centrifugal cold compressors. For the large 2 K systems, four compression stages are necessary to reach atmospheric pressure. Centrifugal cold compressors are quite sensitive to mass flow and suction temperature variations; but these have to be expected in a real system. The first step in the systems design is to find safe and efficient quasi-stationary modes of operation. The system which is being proposed for the TESLA refrigerators relies on two features. The first is to allow the room temperature screw compressor, downstream of the cold compressors to work occasionally with a subatmospheric suction pressure. The second is to stabilize the suction temperature of the third stage of compression at about 10 K. With these features it is possible, that in all modes of operation all four compressor stages operate exactly at their design point.

Kauschke, M.; Haberstroh, C.; Quack, H. [Technische Universitaet Dresden (Germany)

1996-12-31

402

Results of 30 kWt Safe Affordable Fission Engine (SAFE-30) primary heat transport testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of resistance heaters to simulate heat from fission allows extensive development of fission systems to be performed in non-nuclear test facilities, saving time and money. Resistance heated tests on the Safe Affordable Fission Engine-30 kilowatt (SAFE30) test article are being performed at the Marshall Space Flight Center. This paper discusses the results of these experiments to date, and describes the additional testing that will be performed. Recommendations related to the design of testable space fission power and propulsion systems are made. .

Pedersen, Kevin; van Dyke, Melissa; Houts, Mike; Godfroy, Tom; Martin, James; Dickens, Ricky; Williams, Eric; Harper, Roger; Salvil, Pat; Reid, Bob

2001-02-01

403

241-AN-B pit leak detection ANA-WT-LDSTA-231 acceptance test procedure  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the method used to test design criteria for Safety Class, Intrinsically Safe leak detector system installed in 241-AN-B Valve Pit located at 200E Tank Farms. The purpose of this Procedure is to demonstrate that the pit leak detection relay cabinet and intrinsically safe probe circuit is fully operable.

VANDYKE, D.W.

1999-08-25

404

Procedural sedation and analgesia in children undergoing digestive endoscopic procedures paediatrician or anaesthesiologist?  

PubMed Central

Endoscopic procedures of the gastrointestinal tract were successfully introduced into paediatric practice in the 1970s. Recent expansive development has become useful for improvement of both diagnosis and treatment in many children with gastrointestinal diseases. Most of these procedures are performed under procedural sedation (PSA) knowing anatomical, physiological and psychological differences and requiring good experience from the paediatrician and anaesthesiologist. These principles help to provide the procedure safely and minimise adverse events, which are greater the smaller the child is. Procedural sedation and analgesia in healthy children can be performed by a paediatrician, but children with congenital defects and serious coexisting diseases (ASA ? III) and also during the usage of anaesthetics (e.g. propofol), should be managed by an anaesthesiologist. PMID:25061486

Rosada-Kurasi?ska, Jowita; Igny?, Iwona; Grze?kowiak, Ma?gorzata; Zieli?ska, Marzena; Bienert, Agnieszka

2014-01-01

405

Getting Home Safe and Sound: Occupational Safety and Health Administration at 38  

PubMed Central

The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHAct) declared that every worker is entitled to safe and healthful working conditions, and that employers are responsible for work being free from all recognized hazards. Thirty-eight years after these assurances, however, it is difficult to find anyone who believes the promise of the OSHAct has been met. The persistence of preventable, life-threatening hazards at work is a failure to keep a national promise. I review the history of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and propose measures to better ensure that those who go to work every day return home safe and sound. These measures fall into 6 areas: leverage and accountability, safety and health systems, employee rights, equal protection, framing, and infrastructure. PMID:18235060

Silverstein, Michael

2008-01-01

406

Unsafe and potentially safe herbal therapies.  

PubMed

Unsafe and potentially safe herbal therapies are discussed. The use of herbal therapies is on the rise in the United States, but most pharmacists are not adequately prepared educationally to meet patients' requests for information on herbal products. Pharmacists must also cope with an environment in which there is relatively little regulation of herbal therapies by FDA. Many herbs have been identified as unsafe, including borage, calamus, coltsfoot, comfrey, life root, sassafras, chaparral, germander, licorice, and ma huang. Potentially safe herbs include feverfew, garlic, ginkgo, Asian ginseng, saw palmetto, St. John's wort, and valerian. Clinical trials have been used to evaluate feverfew for migraine prevention and rheumatoid arthritis; garlic for hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and infections; ginkgo for circulatory disturbances and dementia; ginseng for fatigue and cancer prevention; and saw palmetto for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Also studied in formal trials have been St. John's wort for depression and valerian for insomnia. The clinical trial results are suggestive of efficacy of some herbal therapies for some conditions. German Commission E, a regulatory body that evaluates the safety and efficacy of herbs on the basis of clinical trials, cases, and other scientific literature, has established indications and dosage recommendations for many herbal therapies. Pharmacists have a responsibility to educate themselves about herbal therapies in order to help patients discern the facts from the fiction, avoid harm, and gain what benefits may be available. PMID:10030529

Klepser, T B; Klepser, M E

1999-01-15

407

Eye safe laser based DIRCM systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To be effective a DIRCM must direct a Laser beam exceeding a certain power level towards the approaching missile. This power level inevitably leads to a potential laser hazard mainly regarding the eye safety of people potentially hit by the Laser beam. To evaluate this hazard the IEC 60825-1 is a well established international standard. This leads to the definition of a laser safety zone around the active DIRCM which can be as large as a few hundred meters. Therefore it cannot be excluded, that people are present within this zone. This Laser hazard is also a major topic for a civil or military DIRCM system certification. In this report we analyze the impact of various DIRCM designs on this safety zone as well as the resulting Laser hazard footprint at takeoff and landing. Also some technical means to make a DIRCM system inherently eye safe are discussed. As a result we come the conclusion that an eye safe DIRCM is possible, if appropriate measures are taken throughout the DIRCM system design.

Scherbarth, S.; Thum-Jger, A.

2009-09-01

408

Making Human Spaceflight as Safe as Possible  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We articulated the safety hierarchy a little over two years ago, as part of our quest to be the nation s leader in safety and occupational health, and in the safety of the products and services we provide. The safety hierarchy stresses that we are all accountable for assuring that our programs, projects, and operations do not impact safety or health for the public, astronauts and pilots, employees on the ground, and high-value equipment and property. When people are thinking about doing things safely, they re also thinking about doing things right. And for the past couple of years, we ve had some pretty good results. In the time since the failures of the Mars 98 missions that occurred in late 1999, every NASA spacecraft launch has met the success objectives, and every Space Shuttle mission has safely and successfully met all mission objectives. Now I can t say that NASA s safety program is solely responsible for these achievements, but, as we like to say, "mission success starts with safety." In the future, looking forward, we will continue to make spaceflight even safer. That is NASA s vision. That is NASA s duty to both those who will travel into space and the American people who will make the journey possible.

Gregory, Frederick D.

2005-01-01

409

Risk management for assuring safe drinking water.  

PubMed

Millions of people die every year around the world from diarrheal diseases much of which is caused by contaminated drinking water. By contrast, drinking water safety is largely taken for granted by many citizens of affluent nations. The ability to drink water that is delivered into households without fear of becoming ill may be one of the key defining characteristics of developed nations in relation to the majority of the world. Yet there is well-documented evidence that disease outbreaks remain a risk that could be better managed and prevented even in affluent nations. A detailed retrospective analysis of more than 70 case studies of disease outbreaks in 15 affluent nations over the past 30 years provides the basis for much of our discussion [Hrudey, S.E. and Hrudey, E.J. Safe Drinking Water--Lessons from Recent Outbreaks in Affluent Nations. London, UK: IWA Publishing; 2004.]. The insights provided can assist in developing a better understanding within the water industry of the causes of drinking water disease outbreaks, so that more effective preventive measures can be adopted by water systems that are vulnerable. This preventive feature lies at the core of risk management for the provision of safe drinking water. PMID:16839605

Hrudey, Steve E; Hrudey, Elizabeth J; Pollard, Simon J T

2006-12-01

410

Evaluating the utility of 3D TRUS image information in guiding intra-procedure registration for motion compensation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In targeted 3D transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy, patient and prostate movement during the procedure can cause target misalignments that hinder accurate sampling of pre-planned suspicious tissue locations. Multiple solutions have been proposed for motion compensation via registration of intra-procedural TRUS images to a baseline 3D TRUS image acquired at the beginning of the biopsy procedure. While 2D TRUS images are widely used for intra-procedural guidance, some solutions utilize richer intra-procedural images such as bi- or multi-planar TRUS or 3D TRUS, acquired by specialized probes. In this work, we measured the impact of such richer intra-procedural imaging on motion compensation accuracy, to evaluate the tradeoff between cost and complexity of intra-procedural imaging versus improved motion compensation. We acquired baseline and intra-procedural 3D TRUS images from 29 patients at standard sextant-template biopsy locations. We used the planes extracted from the 3D intra-procedural scans to simulate 2D and 3D information available in different clinically relevant scenarios for registration. The registration accuracy was evaluated by calculating the target registration error (TRE) using manually identified homologous fiducial markers (micro-calcifications). Our results indicate that TRE improves gradually when the number of intra-procedural imaging planes used in registration is increased. Full 3D TRUS information helps the registration algorithm to robustly converge to more accurate solutions. These results can also inform the design of a fail-safe workflow during motion compensation in a system using a tracked 2D TRUS probe, by prescribing rotational acquisitions that can be performed quickly and easily by the physician immediately prior to needle targeting.

De Silva, Tharindu; Cool, Derek W.; Romagnoli, Cesare; Fenster, Aaron; Ward, Aaron D.

2014-03-01

411

61 FR 54120 - Appeals Procedures; Hearings Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 1004-AC99 Appeals Procedures; Hearings Procedures AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...contests, appeals of BLM decisions and hearings. The proposed regulations provide more...the appellants, BLM and the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA). DATES:...

1996-10-17

412

Promoting Safe Schools: Presenting the Results of the 1995-96 California Safe Schools Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school's responsibility is to provide an effective learning environment for students to achieve academic success. The California Safe Schools Assessment (CSSA) collects data on individual incidents of school crime from all California public schools and county-operated education programs. The California Department of Education strongly

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

413

Flame Tests Performed Safely: A Safe and Effective Alternative to the Traditional Flame Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trend toward inquiry-based learning is providing today's students with a more enriching education. When implementing inquiry it is important to recognize the great number of safety concerns that accompany this paradigm shift. Fortunately, with some consideration, teachers can shape students' laboratory experiments into safe and valuable

Dogancay, Deborah

2005-01-01

414

Safe Schools for LGBTQI Students: How Do Teachers View Their Role in Promoting Safe Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review presents insights from existing research on how teachers view their role in creating safe schools for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning, and intersex (LGBTQI) students. Analysis of the literature shows that there are concerns for LGBTQI students' safety in schools, that educational settings operate from

Vega, Stephanie; Crawford, Heather Glynn; Van Pelt, J-Lynn

2012-01-01

415

Legal and ethical issues in safe blood transfusion.  

PubMed

Legal issues play a vital role in providing a framework for the Indian blood transfusion service (BTS), while ethical issues pave the way for quality. Despite licensing of all blood banks, failure to revamp the Drugs and Cosmetic Act (D and C Act) is impeding quality. Newer techniques like chemiluminescence or nucleic acid testing (NAT) find no mention in the D and C Act. Specialised products like pooled platelet concentrates or modified whole blood, therapeutic procedures like erythropheresis, plasma exchange, stem cell collection and processing technologies like leukoreduction and irradiation are not a part of the D and C Act. A highly fragmented BTS comprising of over 2500 blood banks, coupled with a slow and tedious process of dual licensing (state and centre) is a hindrance to smooth functioning of blood banks. Small size of blood banks compromises blood safety. New blood banks are opened in India by hospitals to meet requirements of insurance providers or by medical colleges as this a Medical Council of India (MCI) requirement. Hospital based blood banks opt for replacement donation as they are barred by law from holding camps. Demand for fresh blood, lack of components, and lack of guidelines for safe transfusion leads to continued abuse of blood. Differential pricing of blood components is difficult to explain scientifically or ethically. Accreditation of blood banks along with establishment of regional testing centres could pave the way to blood safety. National Aids Control Organisation (NACO) and National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC) deserve a more proactive role in the licensing process. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) needs to clarify that procedures or tests meant for enhancement of blood safety are not illegal. PMID:25535417

Chandrashekar, Shivaram; Kantharaj, Ambuja

2014-09-01

416

Legal and ethical issues in safe blood transfusion  

PubMed Central

Legal issues play a vital role in providing a framework for the Indian blood transfusion service (BTS), while ethical issues pave the way for quality. Despite licensing of all blood banks, failure to revamp the Drugs and Cosmetic Act (D and C Act) is impeding quality. Newer techniques like chemiluminescence or nucleic acid testing (NAT) find no mention in the D and C Act. Specialised products like pooled platelet concentrates or modified whole blood, therapeutic procedures like erythropheresis, plasma exchange, stem cell collection and processing technologies like leukoreduction and irradiation are not a part of the D and C Act. A highly fragmented BTS comprising of over 2500 blood banks, coupled with a slow and tedious process of dual licensing (state and centre) is a hindrance to smooth functioning of blood banks. Small size of blood banks compromises blood safety. New blood banks are opened in India by hospitals to meet requirements of insurance providers or by medical colleges as this a Medical Council of India (MCI) requirement. Hospital based blood banks opt for replacement donation as they are barred by law from holding camps. Demand for fresh blood, lack of components, and lack of guidelines for safe transfusion leads to continued abuse of blood. Differential pricing of blood components is difficult to explain scientifically or ethically. Accreditation of blood banks along with establishment of regional testing centres could pave the way to blood safety. National Aids Control Organisation (NACO) and National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC) deserve a more proactive role in the licensing process. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) needs to clarify that procedures or tests meant for enhancement of blood safety are not illegal.

Chandrashekar, Shivaram; Kantharaj, Ambuja

2014-01-01

417

Distributed Real-Time Emulation of Formally-Defined Patterns for Safe Medical Device Control  

E-print Network

Safety of medical devices and of their interoperation is an unresolved issue causing severe and sometimes deadly accidents for patients with shocking frequency. Formal methods, particularly in support of highly reusable and provably safe patterns which can be instantiated to many device instances can help in this regard. However, this still leaves open the issue of how to pass from their formal specifications in logical time to executable emulations that can interoperate in physical time with other devices and with simulations of patient and/or doctor behaviors. This work presents a specification-based methodology in which virtual emulation environments can be easily developed from formal specifications in Real-Time Maude, and can support interactions with other real devices and with simulation models. This general methodology is explained in detail and is illustrated with two concrete scenarios which are both instances of a common safe formal pattern: one scenario involves the interaction of a provably safe ...

Sun, Mu; 10.4204/EPTCS.36.9

2010-01-01

418

Moving beyond safe sex to women-controlled safe sex: A concept analysis  

PubMed Central

Aim This paper is a report of a conceptual analysis of women-controlled safe sex. Background Women bear disproportionate burdens from sexually-related health compromising outcomes. Imbalanced societal gender and power positions contribute to high morbidities. The expression, women-controlled safe sex, aims to empower women to gain control of their sexual lives. Few researchers focus on contextualized socio-cultural definitions of sexual safety among women. Data Sources The sample included scientific literature from Scopus, CINAHL, PubMed, PsychINFO, and Sociological Abstracts. Papers were published 20002010. Review Methods Critical analyses of literature about women-controlled safe sex were performed using Rodgers evolutionary concept analysis methods. The search focused on social and cultural influences on sexual practices aimed at increasing womens control over their sexual safety. Results The analysis uncovered five attributes of women-controlled safe sex: technology; access to choices; women at-risk; condom migration panic; and communication. Three antecedents included: male partner influence; body awareness; and self-efficacy. Consequences were categorized as positive or negative. Nine surrogate terms included: empowerment; gender power; female-controlled sexual barrier method; microbicides; diaphragm; sexual negotiation and communication; female condom; women-initiated disease transmission prevention; and spermicides. Finally, a consensus definition was identified: a socio- culturally influenced multilevel process for initiating sexual safety by women deemed at-risk for sexually-related dangers, usually sexually transmitted infections and/or HIV/AIDS. Conclusion This concept analysis described current significance, uses, and applications of women-controlled safe sex in the scientific literature. The authors clarified its limited nature and conclude that additional conceptual refinement in nursing is necessary to influence womens health. PMID:22111843

Alexander, Kamila A.; Coleman, Christopher L.; Deatrick, Janet A.; Jemott, Loretta S.

2011-01-01

419

Safe motherhood initiative: what is next?  

PubMed

When in 1987, the Safe motherhood initiative was launched, the aim was to reduce global maternal mortality by half by the year 2000. However this goal was not achieved and consequently the 5th Millennium Development Goal (MDG-5) was dedicated to maternal health which aimed at a three quarters reduction of maternal mortality by 2015. The international figures indicate that 287,000 women continue to die from complications relating to pregnancy and childbirth, mostly in poorly-resourced countries. As 2015 draws closer and with MDG-5 lagging behind, there is increased tension amongst those concerned about poor maternal health because of missed targets and a fear that it has slipped off policy agenda. The need to refocus discussion in this area becomes ever more vital. This article aims to do just that. PMID:25004698

Ohaja, Magdalena

2014-06-01

420

Self-adjusting flight electronics (SAFE)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design and performance of SAFExpert, an expert-system program developed (as part of the SAFE program) to adjust the clock levels and biases of avionic CCD detector arrays, are described. The basic adjustment problem is defined; the expert-system approach (combining basic knowledge of the device physics and engineering experience) is explained; and the process flow and operation of SAFExpert are presented in diagrams and characterized in detail. In test optimizations involving three different CCD arrays preset to three different sets of (degraded-performance) clock/bias levels, SAFExpert achieved 50-percent better bucket capacity in about 8 min than a human expert obtained (by manual tweaking) in 30-60 min. The applicability of SAFExpert to other parameter-adjustment and optimization problems is discussed.

Caudell, Thomas P.; Levy, I. David

1986-01-01

421

The safe disposal of radioactive wastes  

PubMed Central

A comprehensive review is given of the principles and problems involved in the safe disposal of radioactive wastes. The first part is devoted to a study of the basic facts of radioactivity and of nuclear fission, the characteristics of radioisotopes, the effects of ionizing radiations, and the maximum permissible levels of radioactivity for workers and for the general public. In the second part, the author describes the different types of radioactive wastereactor wastes and wastes arising from the use of radioisotopes in hospitals and in industryand discusses the application of the maximum permissible levels of radioactivity to their disposal and treatment, illustrating his discussion with an account of the methods practised at the principal atomic energy establishments. PMID:13374534

Kenny, A. W.

1956-01-01

422

NOVA Online: Search for a Safe Cigarette  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NOVA documentary "Search for a Safe Cigarette" recounts the tobacco industry's decades-long attempt to engineer a safer cigarette. This companion Web site offers a number of interesting and informative features, as well as a lesson plan for grades 5-8 and 9-12. The interactive feature titled Anatomy of a Cigarette offers a fascinating tour of the conventional cigarette and two "safer" versions. The Web site also includes: a review of the safer cigarette's "checkered pedigree;" an animated introduction to physiological effect of nicotine on the brain; and a virtual laboratory where visitors can explore the basics of combustion. The lesson plan, which may be used independently of the NOVA program, has students examine government action on tobacco issues and consider the role of government in public health.

2001-01-01

423

Culturally Safe Epidemiology: Oxymoron or Scientific Imperative.  

PubMed

Since the early 20th Century, epidemiological research has brought benefits and burdens to Aboriginal communities in Canada. Many First Nations, Mtis, and Inuit continue to view Western research with distrust; quantitative methods are perceived as especially inconsistent with indigenous ways of knowing. There is increasing recognition, however, that rigorous epidemiological research can produce evidence that draws attention and resources to pressing health issues in Aboriginal communities. We present a framework for culturally safe epidemiology, from the identification of research priorities, through fieldwork and analysis, to communication and use of evidence. Modern epidemiology and indigenous knowledge are not inherently discordant; many public health opportunities arise at this interface and good science must begin here too. PMID:20975852

Cameron, Mary; Andersson, Neil; McDowell, Ian; Ledogar, Robert J

2010-01-01

424

A safe lithium mimetic for bipolar disorder  

PubMed Central

Lithium is the most effective mood stabilizer for the treatment of bipolar disorder, but it is toxic at only twice the therapeutic dosage and has many undesirable side effects. It is likely that a small molecule could be found with lithium-like efficacy but without toxicity through target-based drug discovery; however, lithiums therapeutic target remains equivocal. Inositol monophosphatase is a possible target but no bioavailable inhibitors exist. Here we report that the antioxidant ebselen inhibits inositol monophosphatase and induces lithium-like effects on mouse behaviour, which are reversed with inositol, consistent with a mechanism involving inhibition of inositol recycling. Ebselen is part of the National Institutes of Health Clinical Collection, a chemical library of bioavailable drugs considered clinically safe but without proven use. Therefore, ebselen represents a lithium mimetic with the potential both to validate inositol monophosphatase inhibition as a treatment for bipolar disorder and to serve as a treatment itself. PMID:23299882

Singh, Nisha; Halliday, Amy C.; Thomas, Justyn M.; Kuznetsova, Olga; Baldwin, Rhiannon; Woon, Esther C. Y.; Aley, Parvinder K.; Antoniadou, Ivi; Sharp, Trevor; Vasudevan, Sridhar R.; Churchill, Grant C.

2012-01-01

425

Inherently safe in situ uranium recovery  

DOEpatents

An in situ recovery of uranium operation involves circulating reactive fluids through an underground uranium deposit. These fluids contain chemicals that dissolve the uranium ore. Uranium is recovered from the fluids after they are pumped back to the surface. Chemicals used to accomplish this include complexing agents that are organic, readily degradable, and/or have a predictable lifetime in an aquifer. Efficiency is increased through development of organic agents targeted to complexing tetravalent uranium rather than hexavalent uranium. The operation provides for in situ immobilization of some oxy-anion pollutants under oxidizing conditions as well as reducing conditions. The operation also artificially reestablishes reducing conditions on the aquifer after uranium recovery is completed. With the ability to have the impacted aquifer reliably remediated, the uranium recovery operation can be considered inherently safe.

Krumhansl, James L; Brady, Patrick V

2014-04-29

426

Sustaining safe practice: twenty years on.  

PubMed

This paper examines the ways in which populations at risk of HIV in the developed world have enculturated the knowledges and technologies of both the medical and the social sciences. By revisiting a number of review papers and by reviewing findings from a range of studies, we argue that gay men have appropriated information that has enabled them to sustain safe practices while they have eschewed information that has made maintenance difficult. The paper describes a range of risk reduction strategies and compares the responses of populations at risk of HIV in the years before the advent of highly active antiviral therapy (HAART) with their responses after the introduction of HAART in 1996. We concentrate our argument on the changing responses to HIV risk of gay men, although occasionally illustrate our argument with reference to the responses of injecting drug users. The responses of gay men to risk post-HAART--particularly those who reside in Australia--speak to the adoption of a range of considered strategies, not altogether safe, to reduce harm. We argue that such strategies need to be understood and addressed within a 'new' social public health, that is, a public health that takes what social analysis has to say seriously. The paper examines the differences between the traditional, the 'modern' epidemiological/clinical and the 'new' social or socio-cultural public healths and describes the tensions between the medical and the social science disciplines in their efforts to inform public health. Key concepts provided by social science such as agency (including individual and collective agency), alongside its methodological reflexivity are key to effective public health. The risk avoidance strategies adopted by gay men suggest a way forward by turning our attention to the ways in which medicine is taken in(to) their practice. PMID:12753812

Kippax, Susan; Race, Kane

2003-07-01

427

Safe and Secure Services Based on NGN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Next Generation Network (NGN), which has been undergoing standardization as it has developed, is expected to create new services that converge the fixed and mobile networks. This paper introduces the basic requirements for NGN in terms of security and explains the standardization activities, in particular, the requirements for the security function described in Y.2701 discussed in ITU-T SG-13. In addition to the basic NGN security function, requirements for NGN authentication are also described from three aspects: security, deployability, and service. As examples of authentication implementation, three profiles-namely, fixed, nomadic, and mobile-are defined in this paper. That is, the fixed profile is typically for fixed-line subscribers, the nomadic profile basically utilizes WiFi access points, and the mobile profile provides ideal NGN mobility for mobile subscribers. All three of these profiles satisfy the requirements from security aspects. The three profiles are compared from the viewpoint of requirements for deployability and service. After showing that none of the three profiles can fulfill all of the requirements, we propose that multiple profiles should be used by NGN providers. As service and application examples, two promising NGN applications are proposed. The first is a strong authentication mechanism that makes Web applications more safe and secure even against password theft. It is based on NGN ID federation function. The second provides an easy peer-to-peer broadband virtual private network service aimed at safe and secure communication for personal/SOHO (small office, home office) users, based on NGN SIP (session initiation protocol) session control.

Fukazawa, Tomoo; Nisase, Takemi; Kawashima, Masahisa; Hariu, Takeo; Oshima, Yoshihito

428

Safe staffing for the post anesthesia care unit: weighing the evidence and identifying the gaps.  

PubMed

Postanesthesia nursing care and standards are continually evolving. ASPAN has the professional responsibility to develop standards of nursing practice to promote a safe environment of care. Currently, ASPAN's recommended staffing ratios are based on the best available evidence: expert opinion and consensus. Our Society believes that these nurse-to-patient ratios have served to provide safe, quality patient care. In 2006, the ASPAN Safe Staffing Strategic Work Team was charged with conducting a national PACU Safe Staffing Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) project. The purpose of this EBP staffing project was to search the scientific staffing evidence in an attempt to validate ASPAN's staffing ratios. This expert panel critically weighed the nursing evidence on staffing ratios, workload intensity, patient acuity, nursing-sensitive outcomes, and nursing-sensitive indicators, including appropriate critical care studies because of the scarce number of postanesthesia studies. The outcome of this dynamic initiative revealed the need to develop nursing-sensitive perianesthesia indicators that can provide patient outcomes used to assess the effectiveness of staffing ratios. Finally, research gaps were identified and the next steps in the generation of knowledge needed to build safe staffing evidence were identified in ASPAN's Strategic Research Staffing Plan. PMID:18039511

Mamaril, Myrna E; Sullivan, Ellen; Clifford, Theresa L; Newhouse, Robin; Windle, Pamela E

2007-12-01

429

21 CFR 601.26 - Reclassification procedures to determine that licensed biological products are safe, effective...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...explaining the nature of the product and the investigation. The explanation shall consist of such disclosure and be made so that intelligent and informed consent be given and that a clear opportunity to refuse is presented. (g) Court appeal. The...

2010-04-01

430

21 CFR 601.26 - Reclassification procedures to determine that licensed biological products are safe, effective...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...explaining the nature of the product and the investigation. The explanation shall consist of such disclosure and be made so that intelligent and informed consent be given and that a clear opportunity to refuse is presented. (g) Court appeal. The...

2011-04-01

431

Is pancreatectomy with arterial reconstruction a safe and useful procedure for locally advanced pancreatic cancer?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/purposeWe often encounter unresectable pancreatic cancer due to invasions of the major vessels. Vascular resection for locally advanced\\u000a pancreatic cancers has an advantage in en block local resection. There are potential cases in which good outcomes can be achieved\\u000a by arterial resection.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MethodsPancreatectomy (including total pancreatectomy in 15 cases, pancreatoduodenectomy in 7 cases and distal pancreatectomy in\\u000a one case) was

Hodaka AmanoFumihiko; Fumihiko Miura; Naoyuki Toyota; Keita Wada; Ken-ichirou Katoh; Kouichi Hayano; Susumu Kadowaki; Makoto Shibuya; Sawako Maeno; Tomoaki Eguchi; Tadahiro Takada; Takehide Asano

2009-01-01

432

Contract and Procedure  

E-print Network

This paper examines both the theoretical underpinnings and empirical picture of procedural contracts. Procedural contracts may be understood as contracts in which parties regulate not merely their commercial relations but also the procedures...

Drahozal, Christopher R.

2011-01-01

433

Implementing safe sleep practices in a neonatal intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the leading cause of death in the postnatal period. Accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed deaths have quadrupled. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) expanded its back to sleep recommendations to include a safe sleep environment. The AAP makes recommendations to healthcare professionals to model safe sleep practices and educate families on SIDS reduction strategies. The dual aims of this project were to develop a safe sleep educational model for our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and to increase the percentage of eligible infants in a safe sleep environment. Method: The NICU Safe Sleep policy was revised to include AAP updated recommendations. Educational updates were provided to staff. A safe sleep packet with a video was created for and shared with families. Wearable blankets were implemented. A safe sleep observation checklist was created. Baseline data and post-education random observations data were collected and shared with staff. Results: At baseline, 21% of eligible infants were in a safe sleep environment. After education and reported observation, safe sleep compliance increased to 88%. Conclusions: With formal staff and family education, optional wearable blanket, and data sharing, safe sleep compliance increased and patient safety improved. PMID:25212974

Voos, Kristin C; Terreros, Amy; Larimore, Phyllis; Leick-Rude, Mary Kay; Park, Nesha

2014-09-29

434

Decision procedures for pipeline rehab  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rehabilitating some of the world's old pipelines, rather than replacing or abandoning them, is feasible and economical. This work gives a rundown of decision procedures for pipeline rehabilitation based on recent projects which included 8-30 in. gas, oil, and products pipelines in North America and Asia. Problems included external corrosion in low swampy areas, internal corrosion in sag bends in

P. C. Wright; A. M. Hodgdon

1989-01-01

435

Georgia Tech Laboratory Emergency Procedures  

E-print Network

Georgia Tech Laboratory Emergency Procedures DO THIS NOW 1. If the incident poses a hazard by dialing 911. a. Information that Responders need: i. I am on the Georgia Tech Campus ii. The Street requiring assistance may call the Georgia Tech Student Affairs Office/Dean of Students During regular work

Sherrill, David

436

Georgia Tech Laboratory Emergency Procedures  

E-print Network

Georgia Tech Laboratory Emergency Procedures DO THIS NOW 1. If the incident poses a hazard by dialing 911. a. Information that Responders need: i. I am on the Georgia Tech Campus ii. The Street assistance may call the Georgia Tech Student Affairs Office/Dean of Students During regular work hours call

Sherrill, David

437

Penile enlargement with methacrylate injection: is it safe?  

PubMed

CONTEXT Penis size is a great concern for men in many cultures. Despite the great variety of methods for penile augmentation, none has gained unanimous acceptance among experts in the field. However, in this era of minimally invasive procedure, injection therapy for penile augmentation has become more popular. Here we report a case of methacrylate injection in the penis that evolved with penile deformity and sexual dysfunction. This work also reviews the investigation and management of this pathological condition. CASE REPORT A 36-year-old male sought medical care with a complaint of penile deformity and sexual dysfunction after methacrylate injection. The treatment administered was surgical removal. Satisfactory cosmetic and functional results were reached after two months. CONCLUSIONS There is a need for better structured scientific research to evaluate the outcomes and complication rates from all penile augmentation procedures. PMID:23538596

Torricelli, Fabio Cesar Miranda; Andrade, Enrico Martins de; Marchini, Giovanni Scala; Lopes, Roberto Iglesias; Claro, Joaquim Francisco Almeida; Cury, Jose; Srougi, Miguel

2013-01-01

438

Chemical/Hazardous Waste Policy & Procedure Procedure: 8.06 Created: 09/10/2013 Version: 1.5 Revised: 5/7/2014  

E-print Network

Chemical/Hazardous Waste Policy & Procedure Procedure: 8.06 Created: 09/10/2013 Version: 1 is to ensure safe handling and compliant storage of Hazardous Waste in Columbia University Main Accumulation with direct control of the Hazardous Waste Rooms during removal, transportation and storage of Hazardous Waste

Jia, Songtao

439

Enhancing Student Engagement through Practice Experience in Social Work Education: The Social Work Studio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It can sometimes be difficult to engage students in "real life experiences" within the classroom. In one Bachelor of Social Work program, the development of a Social Work Studio (the Studio) has provided students with opportunities to engage in simulated social work practice in a safe and supportive environment. This article reports on a small

Campbell, Alan

2012-01-01

440

Simple and microbiologically safe portable transport unit for patients requiring protected isolation.  

PubMed Central

The removal of a patient from a laminar air flow room during protected isolation poses the risk of his microbial contamination and infection. Nonetheless, temporary removal from the laminar air flow room may be necessary for certain medical procedures or for psychological relief during prolonged periods of isolation or both. A means for protecting patients during temporary removal from the laminar air flow room is highly desirable. A previously described total body garment has been shown to be microbiologically safe and effective, but is expensive, cumbersome, and not very adaptable to patients of different ages and body sizes. We now present an alternative, microbiologically safe transportation system which delivers, high-efficiency particulate air-filtered air over the head and neck through a modified, lightweight, commercially available helmet and power supply and which can be comfortably and reliably used by isolated patients. PMID:6769945

Talbot, T L; Pizzo, P A

1980-01-01

441

Transthoracic Adrenal Biopsy Procedure Using Artificial Carbon Dioxide Pneumothorax as Outpatient Procedure  

SciTech Connect

Many routes have been described for percutaneous adrenal gland biopsy. They require either a complex non-axial path or a long hydrodissection or even pass through an organ thereby increasing complications. We describe here an approach using an artificially-induced carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) pneumothorax, performed as an outpatient procedure in a 57-year-old woman. Under local anaesthesia, 200 ml of CO{sub 2} was injected in the pleural space through a Veress needle under computed tomography fluoroscopy, to clear the lung parenchyma from the biopsy route. Using this technique, transthoracic adrenal biopsy can be performed under simple local anaesthesia as an safely outpatient procedure.

Favelier, Sylvain [CHU (University Hospital), Department of Radiology (France); Guiu, Severine [Georges-Francois Leclerc Cancer Center, Department of Oncology (France); Cherblanc, Violaine; Cercueil, Jean-Pierre; Krause, Denis; Guiu, Boris, E-mail: boris.guiu@chu-dijon.fr [CHU (University Hospital), Department of Radiology (France)

2013-08-01

442

Project W-320, WRSS PCP: Procedure implementation verification  

SciTech Connect

This document provides verification that the methodology for the safe retrieval of high-heat waste from Tank 241-C-106 as specified in the WRSS Process Control Plan HNF-SD-PCP-013, Revision 1, has been adequately implemented into the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) operational procedures. Tank 241-C-106 is listed on the High Heat Load Watch List.

Bailey, J.W.

1998-07-25

443

Updating Small Generator Interconnection Procedures for New Market Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Federal and state regulators are faced with the challenge of keeping interconnection procedures updated against a backdrop of evolving technology, new codes and standards, and considerably transformed market conditions. This report is intended to educate policymakers and stakeholders on beneficial reforms that will keep interconnection processes efficient and cost-effective while maintaining a safe and reliable power system.

Coddington, M.; Fox, K.; Stanfield, S.; Varnado, L.; Culley, T.; Sheehan, M.

2012-12-01

444

Health Care Procedure Considerations and Individualized Health Care Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers need to maintain a safe, healthy environment for all their students in order to promote learning. However, there are additional considerations when students require health care procedures, such as tube feeding or clean intermittent catheterization. Teachers must effectively monitor their students and understand their roles and

Heller, Kathryn Wolff; Avant, Mary Jane Thompson

2011-01-01

445

Depression: How to Safely Take Antidepressants  

MedlinePLUS

... re taking other medicines, your doctor will consider how an antidepressant will work with these other medicines. Some antidepressants don't ... different kinds or amounts (dosages) to find the antidepressant that works ... doctor will let you know how long to take your antidepressant. If this is ...

446

A typed encoding of boxed into safe ambients  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present: (i) an encoding of Boxed Ambients into a variant of Safe Ambients; and (ii) a new type system for multi-level security of Safe Ambients in the style of Cardelli et al. (Information and Computation 177(2), 160194 (2002)) and Dezani-Ciancaglini and Salvo (Security types for mobile safe ambients. In: Proceedings of ASIAN '00, LNCS 1961, pp. 215236. Springer Verlag

Francesca Levi

2006-01-01

447

An Automated Safe-to-Mate (ASTM) Tester  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Safe-to-mate testing is a common hardware safety practice where impedance measurements are made on unpowered hardware to verify isolation, continuity, or impedance between pins of an interface connector. A computer-based instrumentation solution has been developed to resolve issues. The ASTM is connected to the circuit under test, and can then quickly, safely, and reliably safe-to-mate the entire connector, or even multiple connectors, at the same time.

Nguyen, Phuc; Scott, Michelle; Leung, Alan; Lin, Michael; Johnson, Thomas

2013-01-01

448

Evaluation of concepts for safe speed enforcement. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The final report evaluates the suitability of existing and developmental safe speed enforcement concepts/systems for application to a high-speed maglev control system in the U.S. Requirements, functions and needs are identified and discussed for two major aspects of safe speed enforcement: (1) generation of safe speed commands, and (2) enforcement of safe speed limits as defined by those commands or otherwise imposed upon vehicles. The features, functions and general implementations of selected safe speed concepts utilized in maglev, high-speed rail and conventional rail transit systems, rubber-tired transit systems, and railroad systems are described. Emphasis in the descriptions is given to the general concept used to ensure safe speed and more specific aspects such as vehicle location detection, actual speed detection, safety related communications and implementation/configuration. An assessment is then made as to the suitability of the concepts in meeting the requirements and functions of safe speed enforcement in both long and short stator maglev applications. It is shown that while many of the non-maglev existing safe speed enforcement concepts are not directly applicable as is or with minimal modifications, they do incorporate various aspects and equipment which could fulfill the basic needs of a maglev system relative to safe speed enforcement.

Luedeke, J.F.; Thompson, R.E.

1992-04-01

449

78 FR 30723 - National Safe Boating Week, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8981--National Safe Boating Week, 2013 Proclamation 8982--Emergency Medical Services Week, 2013 Proclamation 8983--World Trade Week, 2013 Proclamation 8984--Armed Forces Day, 2013 Memorandum...

2013-05-22

450

Ultra Safe And Secure Blasting System  

SciTech Connect

The Ultra is a blasting system that is designed for special applications where the risk and consequences of unauthorized demolition or blasting are so great that the use of an extraordinarily safe and secure blasting system is justified. Such a blasting system would be connected and logically welded together through digital code-linking as part of the blasting system set-up and initialization process. The Ultra's security is so robust that it will defeat the people who designed and built the components in any attempt at unauthorized detonation. Anyone attempting to gain unauthorized control of the system by substituting components or tapping into communications lines will be thwarted in their inability to provide encrypted authentication. Authentication occurs through the use of codes that are generated by the system during initialization code-linking and the codes remain unknown to anyone, including the authorized operator. Once code-linked, a closed system has been created. The system requires all components connected as they were during initialization as well as a unique code entered by the operator for function and blasting.

Hart, M M

2009-07-27

451

Promoting safe and comfortable driving for elders.  

PubMed

Americans are life-long drivers. It is imperative that aging drivers remain on the road safely. This chapter addresses one strategy for achieving this end, namely the utilization of low-tech vehicle modifications for addressing challenges with driving due to functional deficits that normally occur with aging. It focuses primarily on the selection of useful features to be demonstrated in a video intervention in a research project to assess whether watching the video would increase elders' awareness of and likelihood of using the features. The features were chosen with the assistance of a panel of experts in transportation, aging, rehabilitation, and related fields plus a focus group of older drivers. Selecting the features, developing survey instruments, and producing the video constitute Phase I of the study. Phase II investigates whether watching a video would increase older drivers' awareness of such features and motivate them to use any of them. This chapter also includes an overview of Phase II and some comments with respect to high-tech features and the future of automobile travel. PMID:16301782

van Ranst, Elizabeth; Silverstein, Nina M; Gottlieb, Alison S

2005-01-01

452

Safe nuclear power for the Third World  

SciTech Connect

It is clear that using nuclear power for the generation of electricity is one way of reducing the emissions of CO{sub 2} and other gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect. Equally clear is the fact that the reduction can be magnified by converting domestic, commercial, and industrial power-consuming activities from the direct use of fossil fuel sources to electrical energy. A major area for future progress in limiting CO{sub 2} emissions is in the Third World, where population growth and expectations for a higher social and economic standard of living portend vast increases in future energy use. A number of problems come to mind as one contemplates the widespread expansion of nuclear energy use into the Third World. The authors propose a method involving the marriage of two currently evolving concepts by which nuclear electrical generation can be expanded throughout the world in a manner that will address these problems. The idea is to form multinational independent electric generating companies, or nuclear electric companies (NECs), that would design, build, operate, and service a standardized fleet of nuclear power plants. The plants would be of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) design, now under development at Argonne National Laboratory, and, in particular, a commercial conceptualization of the IFR sponsored by General Electric Company, the Power Reactor Inherently Safe Module (PRISM).

Johnson, W.R.; Lyon, C.F.; Redick, J.R. (Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville (USA))

1989-11-01

453

Bonfire-safe low-voltage detonator  

DOEpatents

A column of explosive in a low-voltage detonator which makes it bonfire-safe includes a first layer of an explosive charge of CP, or a primary explosive, and a second layer of a secondary organic explosive charge, such as PETN, which has a degradation temperature lower than the autoignition temperature of the CP or primary explosives. The first layer is composed of a pair of increments disposed in a bore of a housing of the detonator in an ignition region of the explosive column and adjacent to and in contact with an electrical ignition device at one end of the bore. The second layer is composed of a plurality of increments disposed in the housing bore in a transition region of the explosive column next to and in contact with the first layer on a side opposite from the ignition device. The first layer is loaded under a sufficient high pressure, 25 to 40 kpsi, to achieve ignition, whereas the second layer is loaded under a sufficient low pressure, about 10 kpsi, to allow occurrence of DDT. Each increment of the first and second layers has an axial length-to-diameter ratio of one-half.

Lieberman, Morton L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01

454

Bonfire-safe low-voltage detonator  

DOEpatents

A column of explosive in a low-voltage detonator which makes it bonfire-safe includes a first layer of an explosive charge of CP, or a primary explosive, and a second layer of a secondary organic explosive charge, such as PETN, which has a degradation temperature lower than the autoignition temperature of the CP or primary explosives. The first layer is composed of a pair of increments disposed in a bore of a housing of the detonator in an ignition region of the explosive column and adjacent to and in contact with an electrical ignition device at one end of the bore. The second layer is composed of a plurality of increments disposed in the housing bore in a transition region of the explosive column next to and in contact with the first layer on a side opposite from the ignition device. The first layer is loaded under a sufficient high pressure, 25 to 40 kpsi, to achieve ignition, whereas the second layer is loaded under a sufficient low pressure, about 10 kpsi, to allow occurrence of DDT. Each increment of the first and second layers has an axial length-to-diameter ratio of one-half. 2 figs.

Lieberman, M.L.

1988-07-01

455

NASA Helps Industry Relieve Pressure Safely  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In many industrial applications, pressure relief valves (PRV) perform the critical function of safely releasing pressure before potentially damaging build-ups occur. Conventional relief valves, however, have proven unstable, leading to premature wear and devasting consequences. A high-performance pressure relief valve, the PRV95, now being manufactured my Marotta Scientific Controls, Inc., of Montville, NJ, provides the answer to premature wear and instability. Using an improved valve design developed under a NASA Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) contract from John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC), Marotta's PRV95 pressure relief valve provides stability over the entire operational range, from fully closed to fully open. The valve employs upstream control for valve positioning, that makes the valve more stable and affords excellent repeatability with minimal lag time. 'It opens and closes softly, and does not oscillate or generate hard impacts; oscillation can result in a hard impact pressure release, which can lead to an explosion in the presence of oxygen,' says Bill St. Cyr, Chief of Test Technology Branch at Stennis Space Center. Marotta's PRV95 design is also unique in its ability to maintain a seal near the set point of the relief limit. Typically, relief valves seal tightly up to 90% of set point and then reseat when pressure is reduced to 85% of set point. The PRV95 technology maintains seal integrity until 98% of set point and will reseat a 95-97% of set point. This allows the operator to protect his system while not exceeding its limits.

2003-01-01

456

Outpatient coronary angioplasty: feasible and safe.  

PubMed

This study tested the safety and feasibility of coronary angioplasty on an outpatient basis. The purpose of this approach includes cost-effectiveness and patient comfort. Six hundred forty-four patients were randomized to either transradial or transfemoral PTCA using 6 Fr equipment. Patients were triaged to outpatient management based on a predefined set of predictors of an adverse outcome in the first 24 hr after initially successful coronary angioplasty. Three hundred seventy-five patients (58%) were discharged 4-6 hr after PTCA; 42% stayed in hospital overnight. In the outpatient group, one adverse event occurred (subacute stent thrombosis 7 hr postdischarge, nonfatal myocardial infarction). There were no major vascular complications. In the hospital group, 19 patients (7%) sustained an adverse cardiac even in the first 24 hr; 1 patient died. Patients treated via the femoral route had more (minor) bleeding complications (19 patients; 6%); in 17 of these, this was the sole reason that discharge was delayed. PTCA on an outpatient basis, performed via the radial or the femoral artery with low-profile equipment, is safe and feasible in a considerable part of a routine PTCA population. A larger proportion of transradial patients can be discharged due to a reduction in (minor) bleeding complications. PMID:15789393

Slagboom, Ton; Kiemeneij, Ferdinand; Laarman, Gert Jan; van der Wieken, Ron

2005-04-01

457

Spark-safe low-voltage detonator  

DOEpatents

A column of explosive in a low-voltage detonator which makes it spark-safe ncludes an organic secondary explosive charge of HMX in the form of a thin pad disposed in a bore of a housing of the detonator in an ignition region of the explosive column and adjacent to an electrical ignition device at one end of the bore. The pad of secondary charge has an axial thickness within the range of twenty to thirty percent of its diameter. The explosive column also includes a first explosive charge of CP disposed in the housing bore in the ignition region of the explosive column next to the secondary charge pad on a side opposite from the ignition device. The first CP charge is loaded under sufficient pressure, 25 to 40 kpsi, to provide mechanical confinement of the pad of secondary charge and physical coupling thereof with the ignition device. The explosive column further includes a second explosive charge of CP disposed in the housing bore in a transition region of the explosive column next to the first CP charge on a side opposite from the pad of secondary charge. The second CP charge is loaded under sufficient pressure, about 10 kpsi, to allow occurrence of DDT. The first explosive CP charge has an axial thickness within the range of twenty to thirty percent of its diameter, whereas the second explosive CP charge contains a series of increments (nominally 4) each of which has an axial thickness-to-diameter ratio of one to two.

Lieberman, Morton L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01

458

Anesthetic Consideration for Neurointerventional Procedures  

PubMed Central

Interventional neuroradiology (INR) has been a rapidly expanding and advancing clinical area during the past few decades. As the complexity and diversity of INR procedures increases, the demand for anesthesia also increases. Anesthesia for interventional neuroradiology is a challenge for the anesthesiologist due to the unfamiliar working environment which the anesthesiologist must consider, as well as the unique neuro-interventional components. This review provides an overview of the anesthetic options and specific consideration of the anesthesia requirements for each procedure. We also introduce the anesthetic management for interventional neuroradiology performed in our medical institution. PMID:25426301

Joung, Kyung Woon; Yang, Ku Hyun; Shin, Won Jung; Song, Myung Hee; Ham, Kyungdon; Jung, Seung Chul; Lee, Deok Hee

2014-01-01

459

Making Sure Your Teen's Job Is Safe  

MedlinePLUS

... also can get helpful information from the National Consumers League (NCL), a national organization that (among other things) works to monitor and fight child labor abuses. Starting a Business How do you monitor the safety of a ...

460

A 3-step gradual dilation method: a new safe technique of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy for obstructive esophageal cancer.  

PubMed

Although percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the preferred method to provide enteral nutrition for a longer time period, in obstructive esophageal cancer, we cannot safely perform endoscopic access to the stomach even with the ultrathin endoscope. We experienced 1 fatal case due to esophageal perforation caused by balloon dilation, and hence, we developed a safer method. We treated 4 patients with obstructive esophageal cancer using a 3-step gradual dilation method with nasogastric tubes (from 8 to 16 Fr). After about 2 weeks of initial dilation, we could safely perform endoscopic access to the stomach with the ultrathin endoscope and PEG placement using the introducer technique. The 3-step gradual dilation method is a safe and easy procedure for endoscopic access to the stomach. It can be used to provide enteral access as a palliative treatment for patients with obstructive esophageal cancer that is not suitable for conventional PEG placement. PMID:25077644

Takeshita, Nobuyoshi; Uesato, Masaya; Shuto, Kiyohiko; Shiratori, Toru; Kono, Tsuguaki; Akutsu, Yasunori; Hoshino, Isamu; Horibe, Daisuke; Narushima, Kazuo; Imanishi, Shunsuke; Maruyama, Tetsuro; Semba, Yoshihide; Toyozumi, Takeshi; Matsubara, Hisahiro

2014-08-01

461

LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

Faculty, students, and technicians who work with live animals in their labs or testing rooms. 2.0 Procedure 2.1 All equipment, transfer boxes, and holding/testing chambers used for animal research1.C.7 LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR SANITATION OF RESEARCH

Krovi, Venkat

462

Practicum and Internship Policies and Procedures Handbook  

E-print Network

Practicum and Internship Policies and Procedures Handbook Revised by B. McGee & S. Woody August #12;Practicum and Internship Handbook 2 Introduction This manual is designed to acquaint students with program policies and procedures relating to practicum and internship training. Students working in the UBC

Handy, Todd C.

463

Classification procedure in limited angle tomography system  

SciTech Connect

In this work we propose the use of limited angle reconstruction algorithms combined with a procedure for defect detection and feature evaluation in three dimensions. The procedure consists of the following steps: acquisition of the X-ray projections, approximated limited angle 3D image reconstruction, and image preprocessing and classification.

Chlewicki, W.; Baniukiewicz, P.; Chady, T.; Brykalski, A. [Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Westpomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin (Poland)

2011-06-23

464

Candle and Incense Policy Procedure ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

Candle and Incense Policy Procedure ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 7/19/2011 CANDLE AND INCENSE POLICY outdoors on campus or the Salameno Spiritual Center that include the use of flame lighted candles shall be acceptable provided the following precautions are followed: · Only "dripless" candles are used · Drip

Rainforth, Emma C.

465

Spark-safe low-voltage detonator  

DOEpatents

A column of explosive in a low-voltage detonator which makes it spark-safe includes an organic secondary explosive charge of HMX in the form of a thin pad disposed in a bore of a housing of the detonator in an ignition region of the explosive column and adjacent to an electrical ignition device at one end of the bore. The pad of secondary charge has an axial thickness within the range of twenty to thirty percent of its diameter. The explosive column also includes a first explosive charge of CP disposed in the housing bore in the ignition region of the explosive column next to the secondary charge pad on a side opposite from the ignition device. The first CP charge is loaded under sufficient pressure, 25 to 40 kpsi, to provide mechanical confinement of the pad of secondary charge and physical coupling thereof with the ignition device. The explosive column further includes a second explosive charge of CP disposed in the housing bore in a transition region of the explosive column next to the first CP charge on a side opposite from the pad of secondary charge. The second CP charge is loaded under sufficient pressure, about 10 kpsi, to allow occurrence of DDT. The first explosive CP charge has an axial thickness within the range of twenty to thirty percent of its diameter, whereas the second explosive CP charge contains a series of increments (nominally 4), each of which has an axial thickness-to-diameter ratio of one to two. 2 figs.

Lieberman, M.L.

1988-07-01

466

30 CFR 48.32 - Appeals procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... EDUCATION AND TRAINING TRAINING AND RETRAINING OF MINERS Training and Retraining of Miners Working at Surface Mines and Surface Areas of Underground Mines 48.32 Appeals procedures. The operator, miner, and miners'...

2010-07-01

467

20 CFR 655.102 - Special procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and adaptation of such procedures to occupations in the range production of other livestock), and for custom combine harvesting crews. Similarly, for work in occupations characterized by other than a reasonably regular workday or...

2012-04-01

468

20 CFR 655.102 - Special procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and adaptation of such procedures to occupations in the range production of other livestock), and for custom combine harvesting crews. Similarly, for work in occupations characterized by other than a reasonably regular workday or...

2010-04-01

469

20 CFR 655.102 - Special procedures.  

...and adaptation of such procedures to occupations in the range production of other livestock), and for custom combine harvesting crews. Similarly, for work in occupations characterized by other than a reasonably regular workday or...

2014-04-01

470

Evaluation of a Safe Motherhood project in Ntcheu district, Malawi  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study evaluated knowledge and practices of childbearing women on key childcare practices within the Safe Motherhood project, administered by the Ntcheu District Health Office in the Republic of Malawi. The study excluded men and elderly women. Methods The design was cross-sectional, and utilized quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis procedures. Data were also collected through review of participant health records. Results Although the findings showed that all participants (100%, n=400) had general knowledge on maternal and child health care, they did not have comprehensive information, and few mothers were practicing the recommended key child health care practices. Only 42.4% (n=170) knew the appropriate number of visits a woman should make to the antenatal clinic, and very few knew the appropriate time at which to access antenatal care. Only 55% (n=220) of participants breastfed their babies exclusively. Some participants introduced supplementary feeds as early as a month after birth, and not all women delivered at the health facility. Failure to actively involve men and elderly women in maternal and child health issues had a negative impact on womens ability to fully implement key maternal and childcare practices. Conclusion and recommendations There is a need to actively involve men and elderly women in maternal and child health issues since, in the ideal Malawian context, a child is raised not just by the mother, but also by all who live in the village. Additionally, elderly women are the guardians of members of the childbearing group, and are a traditional reservoir of experience into which young women can tap. There is also a need to engage Community Nurse-Midwives in facilitating womens groups that provide comprehensive antenatal information to mothers, who may then put knowledge into practice. PMID:25540598

Mseu, Dennis; Nyasulu, Betty Mkwinda; Muheriwa, Sadandaula Rose

2014-01-01

471

5 CFR 2472.8 - Preliminary hearing procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE IMPASSES PANEL IMPASSES ARISING PURSUANT TO AGENCY DETERMINATIONS NOT TO ESTABLISH OR TO TERMINATE FLEXIBLE OR COMPRESSED WORK SCHEDULES Procedures of the Panel 2472.8 Preliminary hearing procedures. When the Panel...

2010-01-01

472

Walking after Stroke: Comfortable versus Maximum Safe Speed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to (1) determine whether stroke patients (n=20) can safely increase their walking speed above that of comfortable walking; (2) describe the relationship between comfortable and maximum safe walking speed; and (3) examine correlations between maximum and comfortable speeds and a functional walking score. Subjects were able to

Bohannon, Richard W.

1992-01-01

473

Examination of a University-Affiliated Safe Ride Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A university-affiliated safe ride program was evaluated to determine whether these programs can reduce drunk-driving related costs. Data was collected from 187 safe ride passengers during three nights of operation. Among the passengers, 93% were enrolled at a local University, 31% were younger than 21, and 40% reported a prior alcohol-related

Gieck, D. Joseph; Slagle, David M.

2010-01-01

474

Student-Parent-Teacher Partnerships: Creating Safe Classrooms and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about "Safe Space," an after school program created by a parent-teacher advisory board which maintained that students needed a safe in-school environment where they could openly talk about their out-of-school lives. Being that the school's curriculum heavily focused on academic standards, students' affective

Hall, Horace R.

2008-01-01

475

Admissible release from the chernobyl new safe confinement  

SciTech Connect

Calculation of admissible releases at different exploitation stages of New Safe Confinement at the existing ChNPP ''Shelter'' object are given. Vain conclusions of calculations are given as well as recommendations for planning of activities connected with the New Safe Confinement construction.

Batiy, Valeriy; Paskevych, Sergei; Rudko, Vladimir; Sizov, Andrey; Shcherbin, Vladimir; Schmieman, Eric A.

2005-08-08

476

Safe Set Maneuverability of Impaired Aircraft Harry G Kwatny  

E-print Network

as a set within the state space of an aircraft. For various safety considerations an aircraft is requiredSafe Set Maneuverability of Impaired Aircraft Harry G Kwatny and Robert C. Allen Drexel University the flight envelope. Thus, if an aircraft is to remain within its envelope it must stay within the safe set

Kwatny, Harry G.

477

Safe, Successful Kidney Dialysis Possible in Ebola Patients  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Safe, Successful Kidney Dialysis Possible in Ebola Patients Emory doctors report on successful and safe ... Friday, November 14, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Dialysis Ebola FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. doctors ...

478

Integration of a MEMS based safe arm and fire device  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a new architecture of a Safe Arm and Fire device (SAF) that could constitute a real breakthrough for safe miniature fuzing device. On the one hand, it takes all the functions embodied in a conventional mechanical arm and fire system and integrates them in a single 1cm3 package made of assembly of different parts. On the other

Hlne Pezous; Carole Rossi; Marjorie Sanchez; Fabrice Mathieu; Xavier Dollat; Samuel Charlot; Ludovic Salvagnac; Vronique Condra

2010-01-01

479

Cyclone: A safe dialect of C Greg Morrisett  

E-print Network

Cyclone: A safe dialect of C Trevor Jim Greg Morrisett Dan Grossman Michael Hicks James Cheney Yanling Wang Abstract Cyclone is a safe dialect of C. It has been designed from the ground up to prevent, and shows how Cyclone avoids them, without giving up C's hallmark control over low-level details

Hamlen, Kevin W.

480

What Does a Safe Sleep Environment Look Like?  

MedlinePLUS

... Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in collaboration with other organizations Home About SIDS/Safe Infant Sleep What Is SIDS? What Do We Know About Risk? What Is a Safe Sleep Environment? Babies Need Tummy Time! FAQs Myths and Facts ...

481

Peacekeeper ICBM PBPS (Stage IV) Safing and Demilitarization Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics covered include: Overview of White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) and Capabilities. History of the Peacekeeper Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) Program. Introduction to Safing & Demilitarization Project. Requirements for Safing Project. Approach Constellation Program. Need for Qualified Flight Hardware to Support Constellation. Ability to Use Peacekeeper Hardware to Support Constellation. Additional Uses for the Peacekeeper Post-Boost Propulsion System (PBPS) Hardware.

Douglass, James L.

2014-01-01

482

50 CFR 216.91 - Dolphin-safe labeling standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling 216.91 Dolphin-safe...exporter, distributor, or seller of any tuna products that are exported from or offered...symbol that claims or suggests that the tuna contained in the products were...

2013-10-01

483

50 CFR 216.91 - Dolphin-safe labeling standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling 216.91 Dolphin-safe...exporter, distributor, or seller of any tuna products that are exported from or offered...symbol that claims or suggests that the tuna contained in the products were...

2010-10-01

484

50 CFR 216.91 - Dolphin-safe labeling standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling 216.91 Dolphin-safe...exporter, distributor, or seller of any tuna products that are exported from or offered...symbol that claims or suggests that the tuna contained in the products were...

2011-10-01

485

50 CFR 216.91 - Dolphin-safe labeling standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling 216.91 Dolphin-safe...exporter, distributor, or seller of any tuna products that are exported from or offered...symbol that claims or suggests that the tuna contained in the products were...

2012-10-01

486

Safe Hardware Access with the Xen Virtual Machine Monitor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Xen virtual machine monitor allows multiple operating systems to execute concurrently on commodity x86 hard- ware, providing a solution for server consolidation and util- ity computing. In our initial design, Xen itself contained device-driver code and provided safe shared virtual device access. In this paper we present our new Safe Hardware Interface, an isolation architecture used within the latest

Keir Fraser; Steven Hand; Rolf Neugebauer; Ian Pratt; Andrew Wareld; Mark Williamson

2004-01-01

487

26 CFR 1.401(m)-3 - Safe harbor requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Safe harbor requirements. 1.401(m)-3 Section 1.401(m)-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. 1.401(m)-3 Safe harbor requirements. (a) ACP...

2010-04-01

488

"Safe Zone" Classrooms: The Individual Student versus the Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Independence Day School is a small college preparatory school serving grades 9-12, in rural Illinois. As part of its commitment to creating a safe school for all students, it adopted a "safe zone" classrooms policy. The policy states that classrooms where conversation about homosexuality is permitted are marked with inverted pink

Kruk, Amber

2013-01-01

489

Long-Term Study Finds Measles Vaccines Safe  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Long-Term Study Finds Measles Vaccines Safe Research included more than a half-million ... Measles WEDNESDAY, Jan. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Two measles-containing vaccines are safe, according to a new 12-year ...

490

Amending the Safe Drinking Water Act: View from Congress  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, the last time Congress amended the Safe Drinking Water Act, the legislative process was a model of cooperative progress. Across the nation, the message is clear: Safe drinking water can no longer be taken for granted. Polls show that drinking water safety is a growing public concern, with one industry survey showing that more than 80 percent of

2009-01-01

491

NASA Battery Working Group - 2007-2008: Battery Task Summary Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation provides a summary of the 2007-2008 NASA Battery Working Group efforts completed in support of the NASA Engineering Safety Center (NESC). The effort covered a series of pro-active tasks that address the following: Binding Procurements -- guidelines related to requirements for the battery system that should be considered at the time of contract award Wet Life of Ni-H2 Batteries -- issues/strategies for effective storage and impact of long-term storage on performance and life Generic Guidelines for Lithium-ion Safety, Handling and Qualification -- Standardized approaches developed and risk assessments (1) Lithium-ion Performance Assessment -- survey of manufacturers and capabilities to meet mission needs. Guidelines document generated (2) Conditions Required for using Pouch Cells in Aerospace Missions -- focus on corrosion, thermal excursions and long-term performance issues. Document defining requirements to maintain performance and life (3) High Voltage Risk Assessment -- focus on safety and abuse tolerance of battery module assemblies. Recommendations of features required for safe implementation (4) Procedure for Determination of Safe Charge Rates -- evaluation of various cell chemistries and recommendation of safe operating regimes for specific cell designs

Manzo, Michelle

2008-01-01

492

JJ Stent Removal under Ultrasound Guidance in Women: It is Simple and Safe  

PubMed Central

Introduction: With the increase in number of patients treated for urological problems with endoscopic procedures, the number of patients with JJ stent is also increasing. The amount of workload thus incurred multiplies, even to the point that, sometimes we waste more time in the operating room removing JJ stents than the actual endourological procedures. Here in our institute, we have devised a very simple and effective way of removing JJ stents in women and also determined the efficacy, safety and cost of JJ stent removal under ultrasound guidance in women in comparison to cystoscopic removal. Materials and Methods: Two hundred women attending the Department of Urology from July 2012 to July 2013 at RIMS hospital were randomly divided into two arms. One hundred women had their JJ stent removed with cystoscope and another 100 women had their JJ stent removed under ultrasound guidance using simple surgical tools available at the hospital. The primary comparative points were waiting time for operating room appointment date, cost of the procedure, time taken for the procedure, discomfort or pain felt by the patient and urethral injuries. Results: In all the parameters, stent removal under ultrasound guidance was significantly better except for urethral injuries where both the procedures had similar outcomes. Conclusion: We concluded that JJ stent removal under ultrasound guidance in women was simple, effective and safe.

Amer, Bernard; Kanwar, Vijayendra S; Lodh, Bijit; Khumukcham, Somarendra; Akoijam, Kaku Singh

2014-01-01

493

Work Transitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals make choices in, and adjust to, a world of work that is often a moving target. Because work is so central to human functioning, and transitions in and out of work can have major mental health repercussions, the authors argue that applied psychologists in health services need to understand those transitions. This article focuses on the

Fouad, Nadya A.; Bynner, John

2008-01-01

494

Appendix C of the UF Chemical Hygiene Plan Standard Operating Procedures  

E-print Network

1 Appendix C of the UF Chemical Hygiene Plan Standard Operating Procedures Principal Investigator for the Chemical Hygiene Plan in this area is: Chemicals are stored in: Chemicals are safely transported: The following are the waste disposal procedures: #12;2 Appendix C of the UF Chemical Hygiene Plan Standard

Slatton, Clint

495

Eye-safe lidar system for pesticide spray drift measurement.  

PubMed

Spray drift is one of the main sources of pesticide contamination. For this reason, an accurate understanding of this phenomenon is necessary in order to limit its effects. Nowadays, spray drift is usually studied by using in situ collectors which only allow time-integrated sampling of specific points of the pesticide clouds. Previous research has demonstrated that the light detection and ranging (lidar) technique can be an alternative for spray drift monitoring. This technique enables remote measurement of pesticide clouds with high temporal and distance resolution. Despite these advantages, the fact that no lidar instrument suitable for such an application is presently available has appreciably limited its practical use. This work presents the first eye-safe lidar system specifically designed for the monitoring of pesticide clouds. Parameter design of this system is carried out via signal-to-noise ratio simulations. The instrument is based on a 3-mJ pulse-energy erbium-doped glass laser, an 80-mm diameter telescope, an APD optoelectronic receiver and optomechanically adjustable components. In first test measurements, the lidar system has been able to measure a topographic target located over 2 km away. The instrument has also been used in spray drift studies, demonstrating its capability to monitor the temporal and distance evolution of several pesticide clouds emitted by air-assisted sprayers at distances between 50 and 100 m. PMID:25658395

Gregorio, Eduard; Rocadenbosch, Francesc; Sanz, Ricardo; Rosell-Polo, Joan R

2015-01-01

496

Performance assessment of novel side firing safe tips for endodontic applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During root canal or periodontal treatment, directing laser energy onto the walls of the root canal is essential for effective disinfection. This study assessed the performance of four different fiber modifications that have increased lateral emission, including three designs with safe tips to reduce irradiation directed toward the root apex. Free-running pulsed infrared lasers (Nd:YAG, Er:YAG, and Er,Cr:YSGG) and a diode laser (980 nm) were used in combination with plain ended (forward emitting) laser fibers; conical laser fibers, side firing honeycomb pattern fibers without a safe end; honeycomb fibers with silver coated ends, conical fibers with selectively abraded tips, and selectively abraded honeycomb fibers with silver coated tips (20 fibers for each laser type). Laser emissions forward and laterally were measured, and digital photographs and thermally sensitive paper used to record the emission profiles. Thermochromic dyes painted onto the root surface of an extracted tooth were used to explore the distribution of laser energy with different tips designs. All three safe tipped ends gave reduced emissions in the forward direction (range 17-59%), but had similar lateral emission characteristics. Fiber designs with reduced forward emission may be useful for various dental laser procedures.

George, Roy; Walsh, Laurence J.

2011-04-01

497

Making abortions safe: a matter of good public health policy and practice.  

PubMed Central

Globally, abortion mortality accounts for at least 13% of all maternal mortality. Unsafe abortion procedures, untrained abortion providers, restrictive abortion laws and high mortality and morbidity from abortion tend to occur together. Preventing mortality and morbidity from abortion in countries where these remain high is a matter of good public health policy and medical practice, and constitutes an important part of safe motherhood initiatives. This article examines the changes in policy and health service provision required to make abortions safe. It is based on a wide-ranging review of published and unpublished sources. In order to be effective, public health measures must take into account the reasons why women have abortions, the kind of abortion services required and at what stages of pregnancy, the types of abortion service providers needed, and training, cost and counselling issues. The transition from unsafe to safe abortions demands the following: changes at national policy level; abortion training for service providers and the provision of services at the appropriate primary level health service delivery points; and ensuring that women access these services instead of those of untrained providers. Public awareness that abortion services are available is a crucial element of this transition, particularly among adolescent and single women, who tend to have less access to reproductive health services generally. PMID:10859852

Berer, M.

2000-01-01

498

From Safe Nanomanufacturing to Nanosafe-by-Design processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Industrial needs in terms of multifunctional components are increasing. Many sectors are concerned, from the integrated direct nanoparticles production to the emerging combinations which include the metal matrix composites (MMC), ductile ceramics and ceramic matrix composites, polymer matrix composites (PMC) for bulk application and advanced surface coatings in the fields of automotive, aerospace, energy production and building applications. Moreover, domains with a planetary impact such as environmental issues, as well as aspects for instance health (toxicity) and hazard assessment (ignition and explosion severity) were also taken into account. Nanotechnologies play an important role in promoting innovation in design and realization of multifunctional products for the future, either by improving usual products or creating new functions and/or new products. Nevertheless, this huge evolution in terms of materials could only be promoted by increasing the social acceptance and by acting on the different main technological and economic challenges and developing safe oriented processes. Nowadays, a huge number of developments of nanoparticles are potentially industrial up-scalable. However, some doubts exist about the handling's safety of the current technologies. For these reasons, the main purpose was to develop a self-monitored automation in the production line coupling different techniques in order to simplify processes such as in-situ growth nanoparticles into a nanostructured matrix, over different substrates and/or the nanopowders synthesis, functionalization, dry or wet safe recovery system, granulation, consolidation in single-step, by monitoring at real time the processing parameters such as powder stoichiometry. With the aim of assuring the traceability of the product during the whole life, starting from the conception and including the R&D, the distribution and the use were also considered. The optimization in terms of processing, recovery and conditioning, permits to increase its versatility, thus leading to the increase of the added value to the production. This review put in evidence -by different examples- the progress achieved since the beginning of Nanosafe integrated initiative developed by CEA and its partners as well as promoting, firstly the safety at work place, and then extending to an integrated and controlled in-situ production by of Nanosafe-by-Design controlled processes.

Schuster, F.; Lomello, F.

2013-04-01

499

Complications with Outpatient Angiography and Interventional Procedures  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To prospectively identify the complications, and rates of complication, in outpatient angiography and interventional procedures. Methods: There were 1050 consecutive patients, 646 men and 404 women, aged 17-89 years, with a total of 1239 procedures studied in a 2-year period, 1997 to 1999. Results: There were 560 cases of aorto-femoral angiography,resulting in 124 complications (22%), with pain or hematoma in 110.There were 206 cases of neck and cerebral angiography, resulting in 51 complications (25%), with pain and hematoma in 34, transient ischemic attack in 2 and cerebrovascular accident in 1. There were 197 interfentional procedures, with 177 being balloon dilatations, resulting in 68 complications (35%), with 2 having hematomas and 1 having hematoma/abscess requiring active treatment. There were 276 cases having various 'other' procedures (e.g., renal angiography),resulting in 65 complications (24%), with pain and hematoma in 61. No procedure-related death occurred. Eighteen cases (1.5%) had significant complications, with contrast allergy in eight. Conclusion: Outpatient angiography and intervention are relatively safe, with low significant complication rates.

Young, Noel; Chi, Ka-Kit; Ajaka, Joe; McKay, Lesa; O'Neill, Diane; Wong, Kai Ping [Department of Radiology, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Sydney, NWS, 2145 (Australia)

2002-03-15

500

Guidelines for surgical procedures after liver transplantation.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The first purpose of this study is to identify the types and incidences of surgical procedures in patients who have previously undergone liver transplantation, with particular focus on the complication rates and the lengths of hospital stay. The second purpose is to present the management guidelines for patients with liver transplants at the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative stages of surgical procedure. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The surgical literature on this issue is scant, and with the growing liver transplant patient population it is not unlikey for any surgery specialist to have to operate on a patient who has undergone liver transplantation. METHODS: A sample of 409 patients with available hospital records, with a minimum of a 2-year follow-up, and with telephone access for interviews was chosen. Type of surgery, time from the liver transplant, hospital stay, immunosuppressive regimen, and complications were recorded. RESULTS: A large proportion of patients (24.2%) underwent some type of surgical procedure 2 to 10 years after liver transplantation. The authors demonstrate that most of the elective procedures can be safely carried out without an increased incidence of complication and without longer hospital stay than the general population. Conversely, emergent procedures are plagued by a greater incidence of complications that not only affect the function of the liver graft but may risk the life of the patient. PMID:9563551

Testa, G; Goldstein, R M; Toughanipour, A; Abbasoglu, O; Jeyarajah, R; Levy, M F; Husberg, B S; Gonwa, T A; Klintmalm, G B

1998-01-01