Sample records for safe work procedures

  1. "WORKING TOGETHER FOR A SAFE CAMPUS" RESIDENCE HALL

    E-print Network

    Lathrop, Daniel P.

    "WORKING TOGETHER FOR A SAFE CAMPUS" RESIDENCE HALL EMERGENCY PROCEDURES EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS...........................................................................................15 SEVERE WEATHER Tornado Watch...................................................................................17 Tornado Warning

  2. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09) LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG) PORTABLE CYLINDERS is not a concern. · Tank valves should be closed tight, with a safety plug inserted, and remain in the outlet until. Cylinder outlet valves must be closed and plugged or capped. · Cylinders having greater than one pound

  3. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 4/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    with raw eggs. · Any food additives used that were not purchased from a licensed vendor. · Any meatSafe Operating Procedure (Revised 4/09) FOOD EVENT SAFETY://ehs.unl.edu/) Student and faculty organizations intending to serve food at an event held on the premises

  4. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 12/08)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 12/08) PROTECT YOUR SKIN (FROM SKIN CANCER://ehs.unl.edu/) According to the American Cancer Society, malignant melanoma, a form of skin cancer, is the most rapidly increasing form of cancer in the United States. Skin cancer is largely preventable when measures

  5. Safe Operating Procedure SAFETY PROTOCOL: URANIUM

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    Safe Operating Procedure (5/09) SAFETY PROTOCOL: URANIUM be approved by the RSC. Physical Data Physical data for isotopes of uranium and primary decay products are provided in the following table. Table 1. Physical Properties of Uranium Isotopes. Isotope Half

  6. Procedures for making gaseous industrial waste safe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matros, Yu Sh; Noskov, Aleksandr S.

    1990-10-01

    The application of various methods (adsorption, absorption, thermal afterburning, catalytic purification, and others) for the removal of sulphur and nitrogen oxides, toxic organic compounds, hydrogen sulphide, and carbon monoxide from industrial waste gases is described. Much attention is devoted to the catalytic procedure for making the gases safe using an energy collecting non-stationary method (reversible process). The advantages and limitations of various gas purification methods are considered. The bibliography includes 279 references.

  7. Working Safely: Advice for Teens

    MedlinePLUS

    ... kind of work you do. Some examples of hazards by type of work are listed below. Food Service Slippery floors Hot pans, stoves and grills Sharp objects Janitorial Toxic chemicals in cleaning supplies Blood on discarded needles Human ...

  8. Department of Geoscience Safe Work Instructions Working Alone

    E-print Network

    Habib, Ayman

    Department of Geoscience Safe Work Instructions Working Alone May 16, 2008 The intent of the Working Alone policy is to promote worker awareness and facilitate worker safety when they are working alone. The working alone policy applies when: 1. A worker is working by themselves in an office, vehicle

  9. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    it is reduced by radioactive decay. · The annual limit of intake through ingestion is 6 mCi. Waste Disposal EHS procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. P-33 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Survey Meters A survey meter is required to work with P33. A thin

  10. 29 CFR 1919.77 - Safe working load increase.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Safe working load increase. 1919.77 Section 1919...Material Handling Devices 1919.77 Safe working load increase. (a) In no case shall safe working loads be increased beyond the...

  11. 29 CFR 1919.77 - Safe working load increase.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safe working load increase. 1919.77 Section 1919...Material Handling Devices 1919.77 Safe working load increase. (a) In no case shall safe working loads be increased beyond the...

  12. Zoonotic Diseases: Work Smart, Stay Safe

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-05-13

    How can people who work around wildlife stay safe? It's an important question, especially considering the spread of zoonotic diseases. This helpful instructional 90-minute seminar created by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) is designed to provide a basic overview of these diseases and their transmission. Visitors to the site can also learn about common routes of disease exposure and biosafety recommendations. The diseases discussed here include the plague, rabies, Lyme disease, giardia, and tularemia. This resource is perfect for persons in a variety of occupational settings, including zookeepers, animal control experts, and others.

  13. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    through ingestion is 10 mCi. Waste Disposal EHS procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. Se- 75 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Shielding may://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  14. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 9/10)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    ingestion is 0.04 mCi. Waste Disposal EHS procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. I-125 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Lead or si://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  15. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    ingestion is 9.0 mCi. Waste Disposal EHS procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. Fe- 55 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Survey Meters A survey meter://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  16. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    ingestion is 6 mCi. Waste Disposal EHS procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. S-35 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Survey Meters A survey meter://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  17. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. Cr-51 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Lead or similar shielding may be needed on waste containers://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  18. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    through ingestion is 0.6 mCi. Waste Disposal EHS procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. P-32 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Survey Meters://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  19. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    mCi. Waste Disposal EHS procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. H-3 waste can be combined with C-14 waste, but should be segregated from other radioactive waste://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  20. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    .4 mCi. Waste Disposal EHS procedures for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. Na- 22 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Lead or similar shielding may://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  1. 29 CFR 1919.76 - Safe working load reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safe working load reduction. 1919.76 Section...Handling Devices 1919.76 Safe working load reduction. (a) If the operation...utilizes more than a fraction of the safe working load rating, the owner of such...

  2. 29 CFR 1919.76 - Safe working load reduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Safe working load reduction. 1919.76 Section...Handling Devices 1919.76 Safe working load reduction. (a) If the operation...utilizes more than a fraction of the safe working load rating, the owner of such...

  3. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 1/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    .g., electrical lines, low clearance, uneven terrain, ramp edges, etc.). Consult EHS to determine if hearing://ehs.unl.edu Operation Immediately after starting the engine, verify the working nature of the controls, brakes, horn the bucket on the ground, set the parking brake, and turn off the engine. Never work around the equipment

  4. Working safely in gamma radiography. A training manual for industrial radiographers

    SciTech Connect

    McGuire, S.A.; Peabody, C.A.

    1982-09-01

    This manual is designed for classroom training in working safely in industrial radiography using gamma sources. The purpose is to train radiographers' assistants to work safely as a qualified gamma radiographer. The contents cover the essentials of radiation, radiation protection, emergency procedures, gamma cameras, and biological effects of radiation. (ACR)

  5. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 10/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    and work back to the source. Can absorb its weight in oil. Will absorb both water and oil. Does not float 25 times its weight in oil. Will only absorb oil. Will float on water even if oil saturated. Blocking/diking materials are also of two types: sand bags and elastomer mats and berms. The use and limitation of each

  6. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 6/10)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    ://ehs.unl.edu/) Scope This SOP applies to all work at UNL that is subject to the UNL Biosafety Guidelines. The content by the federal standards listed above when: (a) a human, animal, or plant pathogen2 is present; (b) special human pathogens, yellow signs indicate animal pathogens and green signs indicate plant pathogens, pests

  7. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. Ca- 45 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Survey Meters A survey meter is required to work with Ca-45. A thin window://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  8. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. C-14 waste can be combined with H-3 waste, but should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Survey Meters A survey meter is required to work://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  9. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    for disposal of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. Cl-36 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Survey Meters A survey meter is required to work with Cl-36. A thin window://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety

  10. Write Procedures That Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cubberley, Carol W.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses written procedures that explain library tasks and describes methods for writing them clearly and coherently. The use of appropriate terminology and vocabulary is discussed; the value of illustrations, typography, and format to enhance the visual effect is explained; the intended audience is considered; and examples are given. (seven

  11. OSUHazcomBook.docx 1 Working Safely

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    hazardous materials. Here are a few examples. Custodians use cleaning agents, bleach, and floor finishes. Office employees work with copying machine chemicals, cleaners, and disinfectants. Maintenance employees chemicals. Food service employees use cleaning products and disinfectants. Photographers and graphic

  12. Toolbox Safety Talk Electrical Safe Work Practices

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    , polyester, or rayon, either alone or in blends with cotton or other natural fibers, unless that material has been approved for Arc Hazard Protection. When a task cannot be performed in a de-energized state, work

  13. Stent placement provides safe esophageal closure in thoracic NOTES procedures

    PubMed Central

    Turner, Brian G.; Cizginer, Sevdenur; Kim, Min-Chan; Mino-Kenudson, Mari; Ducharme, Richard W.; Surti, Vihar C.; Sylla, Patricia; Brugge, William R.; Rattner, David W.

    2012-01-01

    Background Safe esophageal closure remains a challenge in transesophageal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES). Previously described methods, such as suturing devices, clips, or submucosal tunneling, all have weaknesses. In this survival animal series, we demonstrate safe esophageal closure with a prototype retrievable, antimigration stent. Methods Nine Yorkshire swine underwent thoracic NOTES procedures. A double-channel gastroscope equipped with a mucosectomy device was used to create an esophageal mucosal defect. A 5-cm submucosal tunnel was created and the muscular esophageal wall was incised with a needle-knife. Mediastinoscopy and thoracoscopy were performed in all swine; lymphadenectomy was performed in seven swine. A prototype small intestinal submucosal (SurgiSIS) covered stent was deployed over the mucosectomy site and tunnel. Three versions of the prototype stent were developed. Prenecropsy endoscopy confirmed stent location and permitted stent retrieval. Explanted esophagi were sent to pathology. Results Esophageal stenting was successful in all animals. Stent placement took 15.8 4.8 minuted and no stent migration occurred. Prenecropsy endoscopy revealed proximal ingrowth of esophageal mucosa and erosion with Stent A. Mucosal inflammation and erosion was observed proximally with Stent B. No esophageal erosion or pressure damage from proximal radial forces was seen with Stent C. On necropsy, swine 5 had a 0.5-cm periesophageal abscess. Histology revealed a localized inflammatory lesion at the esophageal exit site in swine 1, 3, and 9. The mucosectomy site was partially healed in three swine and poorly healed in six. All swine thrived clinically, except for a brief period of mild lethargy in swine 9 who improved with short-term antibiotic therapy. The submucosal tunnels were completely healed and no esophageal bleeding or stricture formation was observed. All swine survived 13.8 0.4 days and gained weight in the postoperative period. Conclusions Esophageal stenting provides safe closure for NOTES thoracic procedures but may impede healing of the mucosectomy site. PMID:20820811

  14. Introduction to working safely with large animals in containment

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This manuscript examines biosafety challenges posed when conducting work with animals and zoonotic pathogens. It provides solutions for working with animals in a manner that promotes both safe and responsible research. Good safety and animal husbandry are essential for good science. Best practices w...

  15. Working Together to Create a Safe Campus Community

    E-print Network

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Working Together to Create a Safe Campus Community www.uw.edu/admin/police Collaboration. It a world-class institution. The UWPD embraces Community Policing, making use of community partnerships's the Washington Way. The University of Washington Police Department is committed to working closely

  16. Radiological Work Planning and Procedure

    SciTech Connect

    KURTZ, J.E.

    2000-01-01

    Each facility is tasked with maintaining personnel radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). A continued effort is required to meet this goal by developing and implementing improvements to technical work documents (TWDs) and work performance. A review of selected TWDs from most facilities shows there is a need to incorporate more radiological control requirements into the TWD. The Radioactive Work Permit (RWP) provides a mechanism to place some of the requirements but does not provide all the information needed by the worker as he/she is accomplishing the steps of the TWD. Requiring the engineers, planners and procedure writers to put the radiological control requirements in the work steps would be very easy if all personnel had a strong background in radiological work planning and radiological controls. Unfortunately, many of these personnel do not have the background necessary to include these requirements without assistance by the Radiological Control organization at each facility. In addition, there seems to be confusion as to what should be and what should not be included in the TWD.

  17. 49 CFR 229.103 - Safe working pressure; factor of safety.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safe working pressure; factor of safety. 229.103...Requirements Steam Generators 229.103 Safe working pressure; factor of safety. The safe working pressure for each steam generator...

  18. 49 CFR 230.23 - Responsibility for general construction and safe working pressure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Responsibility for general construction and safe working pressure. 230.23 Section 230...Responsibility for general construction and safe working pressure. The steam locomotive...locomotive owner shall establish the safe working pressure for each steam...

  19. 49 CFR 229.103 - Safe working pressure; factor of safety.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Safe working pressure; factor of safety. 229.103...Requirements Steam Generators 229.103 Safe working pressure; factor of safety. The safe working pressure for each steam generator...

  20. 49 CFR 230.23 - Responsibility for general construction and safe working pressure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Responsibility for general construction and safe working pressure. 230.23 Section 230...Responsibility for general construction and safe working pressure. The steam locomotive...locomotive owner shall establish the safe working pressure for each steam...

  1. MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and

    E-print Network

    MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and Environmental Health Issues and Problems Water contamination and lack of infrastructure for water and sewage systems have contributed to the global burden of waterborne to waterborne and water-based diseases, including malaria, diarrheal diseases, river blindness

  2. Living and Working Safely Around High-Voltage Power Lines.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2001-06-01

    High-voltage transmission lines can be just as safe as the electrical wiring in the homes--or just as dangerous. The crucial factor is ourselves: they must learn to behave safely around them. This booklet is a basic safety guide for those who live and work around power lines. It deals primarily with nuisance shocks due to induced voltages, and with potential electric shock hazards from contact with high-voltage lines. References on possible long-term biological effects of transmission lines are shown. In preparing this booklet, the Bonneville Power Administration has drawn on more than 50 years of experience with high-voltage transmission. BPA operates one of the world`s largest networks of long-distance, high-voltage lines. This system has more than 400 substations and about 15,000 miles of transmission lines, almost 4,400 miles of which are operated at 500,000 volts.

  3. 49 CFR 229.103 - Safe working pressure; factor of safety.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...RAILROAD LOCOMOTIVE SAFETY STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators 229.103 Safe working pressure; factor of safety. The safe working pressure for each steam generator shall be fixed by the chief mechanical officer of the...

  4. 75 FR 70557 - Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program; Draft Policies and Procedures for Screening Safe Drinking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ...Procedures for Screening Safe Drinking Water Act Chemicals, Second List of Chemicals for Tier 1 Screening, Agency Information Collection...Comment Request; Addendum for the Second List of Chemicals; Tier 1 Screening of Certain Chemicals;...

  5. 29 CFR 1919.29 - Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads. 1919.29 ...Persons 1919.29 Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads. The proof...structural competence at particular radii. Safe working loads shall be reduced...

  6. 29 CFR 1919.21 - Marking and posting of safe working loads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Marking and posting of safe working loads. 1919.21 Section 1919.21 Labor...Gear 1919.21 Marking and posting of safe working loads. (a) The safe working load of the assembled gear and the...

  7. 29 CFR 1919.29 - Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads. 1919.29 ...Persons 1919.29 Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads. The proof...structural competence at particular radii. Safe working loads shall be reduced...

  8. 29 CFR 1919.21 - Marking and posting of safe working loads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Marking and posting of safe working loads. 1919.21 Section 1919.21 Labor...Gear 1919.21 Marking and posting of safe working loads. (a) The safe working load of the assembled gear and the...

  9. The Accelerated Procedure for Electrical Work (TPA)

    E-print Network

    Coelingh, G J

    2000-01-01

    The accelerated procedure for electrical work [in French: Travaux lectriques selon Procdure Acclre (TPA)] was introduced in October 1996. It allows the contractor to carry out minor electrical installation jobs (about 350 a year) independently. The special features of the TPA are that the number of hours to be worked is limited to 16 and the cost to less than 1000 CHF. This procedure has substantial advantages for both the requesters and ST division. Firstly, the requester benefits from direct contact with the contractor, prompt action and simplified invoicing. In addition, ST division, relieved of ordinary minor work, can concentrate on larger-scale projects and can take advantage of a simplified system of administration. The author sets out the course of the procedure, its advantages and drawbacks, the statistics and the results of a satisfaction questionnaire. This procedure could be adapted and extended to other operations linked to future contracts.

  10. 76 FR 37014 - Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ...of Contaminants Under the Safe Drinking Water Act; Analysis and Sampling Procedures AGENCY...measuring the levels of contaminants in drinking water and determining compliance with national primary drinking water regulations. The Safe Drinking Water...

  11. 33 CFR 150.607 - What are the general safe working requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false What are the general safe working requirements? 150.607 Section 150...150.607 What are the general safe working requirements? (a) All equipment...equipment must be maintained in proper working order or removed. Personal...

  12. 33 CFR 150.607 - What are the general safe working requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false What are the general safe working requirements? 150.607 Section 150...150.607 What are the general safe working requirements? (a) All equipment...equipment must be maintained in proper working order or removed. Personal...

  13. Appropriate procedures for the safe handling and pathologic examination of technetium-99m-labelled specimens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terence J. Colgan; Diana Booth; Aaron Hendler; David McCready

    2001-01-01

    TECHNETIUM 99M MAY NOW BE USED TO IDENTIFY sentinel nodes for surgical excision in a growing number of cancer sites. The pathology specimens of these sentinel nodes and of any injected tumoural sites are radioactive. Consequently, specific clinical and laboratory procedures must be developed to handle these specimens safely. It is recommended that specimens containing the injection site should be

  14. Sexual harassment at work place: are you safe?

    PubMed

    Naveed, Anila; Tharani, Ambreen; Alwani, Nasreen

    2010-01-01

    In today's world women are increasingly participating in the realm of work force, yet they are facing many obstacles in their way. Sexual harassment is one of those obstacles. Sexual harassment at work place is prevalent in every society. It could happen to anyone but women are the targeted victims. Sexual harassment is considered as a traumatic event and the victim may end up in having physical and mental sufferings that hinders a person to work effectively. At an organisational level this may result in decrease work effectiveness, decreased work productivity, high absenteeism, high turnover, and low staff morale. Hence there is a need that, organisations and government should look seriously into this matter. Proper education and training programs should be developed to deal with these issues. The goal must be both to deal with sexual harassment incidents effectively and to prevent the occurrence of future incidents. PMID:22338461

  15. Working Safely in the Laboratory Ralph Stuart, CIH

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    group that purified plutonium for the Manhattan Project in Chicago #12;Glenn Seaborg Journal Entry In the 1990's a retrospective health study of the Manhattan Project workers showed that those who worked in the plutonium labs lived slightly longer and healthier lives than the peers in the Project. Dr. Seaborg

  16. 29 CFR 1919.75 - Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's...Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's...manufacturer's data nor design data on safe working loads (including any applicable...

  17. 29 CFR 1919.75 - Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's...Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's...manufacturer's data nor design data on safe working loads (including any applicable...

  18. 21 CFR 330.10 - Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective and not...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    21 Food and Drugs 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective... 330.10 Section 330.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION,...

  19. 21 CFR 330.10 - Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective and not...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    21 Food and Drugs 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective... 330.10 Section 330.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION,...

  20. 21 CFR 330.10 - Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective and not...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    21 Food and Drugs 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective... 330.10 Section 330.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION,...

  1. 21 CFR 330.10 - Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective and not...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    21 Food and Drugs 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective... 330.10 Section 330.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION,...

  2. Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Different types of nanoparticles are made or used in various industrial processes. To

    E-print Network

    Cohen, Robert E.

    Safety Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Different types of nanoparticles are made or used://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2008-112/pdfs/2008-112.pdf http://www.nanoshel.com/buy-nanotubes.php #12;Safety Safe Nanotechnology-112/pdfs/2008-112.pdf #12;Safety Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Exposure: Inhalation--The most

  3. Safety training and safe operating procedures written for PBFA (Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator) II and applicable to other pulsed power facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Donovan, G.L.; Goldstein, S.A.

    1986-12-01

    To ensure that work in advancing pulsed power technology is performed with an acceptably low risk, pulsed power research facilities at Sandia National Laboratories must satisfy general safety guidelines established by the Department of Energy, policies and formats of the Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) Department, and detailed procedures formulated by the Pulsed Power Sciences Directorate. The approach to safety training and to writing safe operating procedures, and the procedures presented here are specific to the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator II (PBFA II) Facility but are applicable as guidelines to other research and development facilities which have similar hazards.

  4. Rapid and efficient filtration-based procedure for separation and safe analysis of CBRN mixed samples.

    PubMed

    Bentahir, Mostafa; Laduron, Frederic; Irenge, Leonid; Ambroise, Jrme; Gala, Jean-Luc

    2014-01-01

    Separating CBRN mixed samples that contain both chemical and biological warfare agents (CB mixed sample) in liquid and solid matrices remains a very challenging issue. Parameters were set up to assess the performance of a simple filtration-based method first optimized on separate C- and B-agents, and then assessed on a model of CB mixed sample. In this model, MS2 bacteriophage, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis baculovirus (AcNPV), Bacillus atrophaeus and Bacillus subtilis spores were used as biological agent simulants whereas ethyl methylphosphonic acid (EMPA) and pinacolyl methylphophonic acid (PMPA) were used as VX and soman (GD) nerve agent surrogates, respectively. Nanoseparation centrifugal devices with various pore size cut-off (30 kD up to 0.45 m) and three RNA extraction methods (Invisorb, EZ1 and Nuclisens) were compared. RNA (MS2) and DNA (AcNPV) quantification was carried out by means of specific and sensitive quantitative real-time PCRs (qPCR). Liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/TOFMS) methods was used for quantifying EMPA and PMPA. Culture methods and qPCR demonstrated that membranes with a 30 kD cut-off retain more than 99.99% of biological agents (MS2, AcNPV, Bacillus Atrophaeus and Bacillus subtilis spores) tested separately. A rapid and reliable separation of CB mixed sample models (MS2/PEG-400 and MS2/EMPA/PMPA) contained in simple liquid or complex matrices such as sand and soil was also successfully achieved on a 30 kD filter with more than 99.99% retention of MS2 on the filter membrane, and up to 99% of PEG-400, EMPA and PMPA recovery in the filtrate. The whole separation process turnaround-time (TAT) was less than 10 minutes. The filtration method appears to be rapid, versatile and extremely efficient. The separation method developed in this work constitutes therefore a useful model for further evaluating and comparing additional separation alternative procedures for a safe handling and preparation of CB mixed samples. PMID:24505375

  5. Rapid and Efficient Filtration-Based Procedure for Separation and Safe Analysis of CBRN Mixed Samples

    PubMed Central

    Bentahir, Mostafa; Laduron, Frederic; Irenge, Leonid; Ambroise, Jrme; Gala, Jean-Luc

    2014-01-01

    Separating CBRN mixed samples that contain both chemical and biological warfare agents (CB mixed sample) in liquid and solid matrices remains a very challenging issue. Parameters were set up to assess the performance of a simple filtration-based method first optimized on separate C- and B-agents, and then assessed on a model of CB mixed sample. In this model, MS2 bacteriophage, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis baculovirus (AcNPV), Bacillus atrophaeus and Bacillus subtilis spores were used as biological agent simulants whereas ethyl methylphosphonic acid (EMPA) and pinacolyl methylphophonic acid (PMPA) were used as VX and soman (GD) nerve agent surrogates, respectively. Nanoseparation centrifugal devices with various pore size cut-off (30 kD up to 0.45 m) and three RNA extraction methods (Invisorb, EZ1 and Nuclisens) were compared. RNA (MS2) and DNA (AcNPV) quantification was carried out by means of specific and sensitive quantitative real-time PCRs (qPCR). Liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/TOFMS) methods was used for quantifying EMPA and PMPA. Culture methods and qPCR demonstrated that membranes with a 30 kD cut-off retain more than 99.99% of biological agents (MS2, AcNPV, Bacillus Atrophaeus and Bacillus subtilis spores) tested separately. A rapid and reliable separation of CB mixed sample models (MS2/PEG-400 and MS2/EMPA/PMPA) contained in simple liquid or complex matrices such as sand and soil was also successfully achieved on a 30 kD filter with more than 99.99% retention of MS2 on the filter membrane, and up to 99% of PEG-400, EMPA and PMPA recovery in the filtrate. The whole separation process turnaround-time (TAT) was less than 10 minutes. The filtration method appears to be rapid, versatile and extremely efficient. The separation method developed in this work constitutes therefore a useful model for further evaluating and comparing additional separation alternative procedures for a safe handling and preparation of CB mixed samples. PMID:24505375

  6. Adult bipolar diathermy circumcision and related procedures in adults a safe and efficient technique

    PubMed Central

    Nalavenkata, Sunny; Winter, Matthew; Kour, Rachel; Kour, Nam-Wee; Ruljancich, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To present our novel technique and step-by-step approach to bipolar diathermy circumcision and related procedures in adult males. Methods We reviewed our technique of bipolar circumcision and related procedures in 54 cases over a 22-month period at our day procedure center. Bipolar diathermy cutting and hemostasis was performed using bipolar forceps with a Valleylab machine set at 15. Sleeve circumcision was used. A dorsal slit was made, followed by frenulum release and ventral slit, and was completed with bilateral circumferential cutting. Frenuloplasties released the frenulum. Preputioplasties used multiple 23 mm longitudinal cuts to release the constriction, with frenulum left intact. All wounds were closed with interrupted 4/0 Vicryl Rapide. Results A total of 54 nonemergency bipolar circumcision procedures were carried out from November 2010August 2012 (42 circumcisions, eight frenuloplasties, and four preputioplasties). Patients were aged 1872 years (mean, 34 years). There was minimal to no intraoperative bleeding in all cases, allowing for precise dissection. All patients were requested to attend outpatient reviews; three frenuloplasty and two circumcision patients failed to return. Of the remaining 49, mean interval to review was 49 days, with a range of 9121 days. Two circumcision patients reported mild bleeding with nocturnal erections within a week postoperatively, but they did not require medical attention. Two others presented to family practitioners with possible wound infections which resolved with oral antibiotics. All 49 patients had well-healed wounds. Conclusion The bipolar diathermy technique is a simple procedure, easily taught, and reproducible. It is associated with minimal bleeding, is safe and efficient, uses routine operating equipment and is universally applicable to circumcision/frenuloplasty/preputioplasty. In addition, it has minimal postoperative complications, and has associated excellent cosmesis. PMID:25032176

  7. Hospital safety climate and its relationship with safe work practices and workplace exposure incidents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robyn R. M Gershon; Christine D Karkashian; James W Grosch; Lawrence R Murphy; Antonio Escamilla-Cejudo; Patricia A Flanagan; Edward Bernacki; Christine Kasting; Linda Martin

    2000-01-01

    Background: In the industrial setting, employee perceptions regarding their organization's commitment to safety (ie, safety climate) have been shown to be important correlates to both the adoption and maintenance of safe work practices and to workplace injury rates. However, safety climate measures specific to the hospital setting have rarely been evaluated. This study was designed to develop a short and

  8. Cognition, Technology & Work, 5, 272-282 (2003). A COGNITIVE APPROACH TO SAFE VIOLATIONS.

    E-print Network

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    situations. Keywords: Large-scale systems safety, cognitive ergonomics, violations. 1 INTRODUCTION DueCognition, Technology & Work, 5, 272-282 (2003). 1 A COGNITIVE APPROACH TO SAFE VIOLATIONS. Denis of cognition which compose what is called cognitive flexibility. In this paper, we will consider the cases

  9. Development and Implementation of Delphi Corporation's Electrical Safe Work Practices (ESWP) Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Hernandez; M. Fridline

    2006-01-01

    OSHA regulations CFR 1910.300 - .399 along with NFPA 70E standard for electrical safety in the workplace have set minimum standards for electrical safety in the industrial workplace. The documents have created minimum standards and guidelines for corporations to create and implement their own electrical safety programs. Delphi Corporation has developed the electrical safe work practices (ESWP) standard that is

  10. Exploring varieties of knowledge in safe work practices - an ethnographic study of surgical teams

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Within existing research in health and medicine, the nature of knowledge on how teams conduct safe work practices has yet to be properly explored. Methods We address this concern by exploring the varieties in which knowledge is expressed during interdisciplinary surgical operations. Specifically, the study was conducted in a surgical section of a Norwegian regional general hospital, between January and April of 2010, by means of an ethnographic design combining detailed non-participant observations, conversations and semi-structured interviews. Results Based on an analysis of the gathered data, we identify three particular themes in how knowledge is expressed by operating room personnel: (i) the ability and variety individuals demonstrate in handling multiple sources of information, before reaching a particular decision, (ii) the variety of ways awareness or anticipation of future events is expressed, and (iii) the different ways sudden and unexpected situations are handled by the individual team members. Conclusions We conclude that these facets of knowledge bring different insights into how safe work practices are achieved at an individual and team level in surgical operations, thus adding to the existing understanding of the nature of knowledge in safe work practices in surgical operations. Future research should focus on exploring and documenting the relationships between various elements of knowledge and safe work practices, in different surgical settings and countries. PMID:21914183

  11. SUNRAYCE 93: Working safely with lead-acid batteries and photovoltaic power systems

    SciTech Connect

    DePhillips, M.P.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M.

    1992-11-03

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring SUNRAYCE 93 to advance tile technology and use of photovoltaics and electric vehicles. Participants will use cars powered by photovoltaic modules and lead-acid storage batteries. This brochure, prepared for students and faculty participating in this race, outlines the health hazards presented by these electrical systems, and gives guidance on strategies for their safe usage. At the outset, it should be noted that working with photovoltaic systems and batteries requires electric vehicle drivers and technicians to have {open_quotes}hands-on{close_quotes} contact with the car on a daily basis. It is important that no one work near a photovoltaic energy system or battery, either in a vehicle or on the bench, unless they familiarize themselves with the components in use, and know and observe safe work practices including the safety precautions described in the manuals provided by the various equipment vendors and this document.

  12. Minimally invasive valve sparing aortic root replacement (David procedure) is safe

    PubMed Central

    Krueger, Heike; Umminger, Julia; Koigeldiyev, Nurbol; Beckmann, Erik; Haverich, Axel; Martens, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    Objective Even though minimally invasive cardiac surgery may reduce morbidity, this approach is not routinely performed for aortic root replacements. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the safety and feasibility of valve sparing aortic root replacement via an upper mini-sternotomy up to the 3rd intercostal space. Methods Between April 2011 and March 2014, 26 patients (22 males, age 47.613 years) underwent elective minimally invasive aortic valve sparing root replacement (David procedure, group A). Twelve patients underwent additional leaflet repair. Concomitant procedures were: four proximal aortic arch replacements and one coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to the proximal right coronary artery (RCA). During the same time period, 14 patients (ten males, age 64.29.5 years) underwent elective David procedure via median full sternotomy (group B). Concomitant procedures included six proximal aortic arch replacements. Although the patient cohorts were small, the results of these two groups were compared. Results In group A, there were no intra-operative conversions to full sternotomy. The aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) times were 115.630.3 and 175.841.9 min, respectively. One patient was re-opened (via same access) due to post-operative bleeding. The post-operative ventilation time and hospital stay were 0.50.3 and 10.46.8 days, respectively. There was no 30-day mortality. The patient questionnaire showed that the convalescence time was approximately two weeks. In group B: the cross-clamp and CPB times were 114.119.9 and 163.024.5 min, respectively. One patient was re-opened (7.1%) due to post-operative bleeding. The post-operative ventilation time and hospital stay were 0.60.7 and 14.216.7 days, respectively. There was no 30-day mortality. Conclusions Minimally invasive valve sparing aortic root replacement can be safely performed in selected patients. The results are comparable to those operated via a full sternotomy. The key to success is a step by step technique of moving from minimally invasive aortic valve replacements (AVR) to more demanding aortic root replacements. Meticulous hemostasis & attention to surgical details is of utmost importance to prevent perioperative complications. PMID:25870810

  13. Why do workers behave unsafely at work? Determinants of safe work practices in industrial workers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A M Garcia; P Boix; C Canosa

    2004-01-01

    Aims: To explore the relation between safety climate (workers perceptions regarding managements attitudes towards occupational safety and health) and workers behaviour at work.Methods: Cross sectional survey of workers at the pottery industry in Castellon, Spain. Sampling was stratified by plant size and workers gender, according to data on the working population at this setting. A total of 734 production workers

  14. UNL Environmental Health and Safety (402) 472-4925 http://ehs.unl.edu Safe Operating Procedure

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    UNL Environmental Health and Safety · (402) 472-4925 · http://ehs.unl.edu Safe Operating Procedure and Agriculture. Information Sources This SOP summarizes current recommendations from public health agencies, influenza A viruses are susceptible to the classes of disinfectants listed below. In any case, a product

  15. Working, declarative and procedural memory in specific language impairment

    PubMed Central

    Lum, Jarrad A.G.; Conti-Ramsden, Gina; Page, Debra; Ullman, Michael T.

    2012-01-01

    According to the Procedural Deficit Hypothesis (PDH), abnormalities of brain structures underlying procedural memory largely explain the language deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI). These abnormalities are posited to result in core deficits of procedural memory, which in turn explain the grammar problems in the disorder. The abnormalities are also likely to lead to problems with other, non-procedural functions, such as working memory, that rely at least partly on the affected brain structures. In contrast, declarative memory is expected to remain largely intact, and should play an important compensatory role for grammar. These claims were tested by examining measures of working, declarative and procedural memory in 51 children with SLI and 51 matched typically-developing (TD) children (mean age 10). Working memory was assessed with the Working Memory Test Battery for Children, declarative memory with the Childrens Memory Scale, and procedural memory with a visuo-spatial Serial Reaction Time task. As compared to the TD children, the children with SLI were impaired at procedural memory, even when holding working memory constant. In contrast, they were spared at declarative memory for visual information, and at declarative memory in the verbal domain after controlling for working memory and language. Visuo-spatial short-term memory was intact, whereas verbal working memory was impaired, even when language deficits were held constant. Correlation analyses showed neither visuo-spatial nor verbal working memory was associated with either lexical or grammatical abilities in either the SLI or TD children. Declarative memory correlated with lexical abilities in both groups of children. Finally, grammatical abilities were associated with procedural memory in the TD children, but with declarative memory in the children with SLI. These findings replicate and extend previous studies of working, declarative and procedural memory in SLI. Overall, we suggest that the evidence largely supports the predictions of the PDH. PMID:21774923

  16. Field Work in Geography: Procedures, Perils and Pleasures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ballas, Donald J.

    1978-01-01

    Presenting brief accounts and comments re: a field experience on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation (South Dakota), this article emphasizes policies, problems, and procedures pertinent to field work in geography. (JC)

  17. Hot Work Procedures The Hot Work reviewing process is established to prevent ignition of combustible and

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Hot Work Procedures Purpose The Hot Work reviewing process is established to prevent ignition thereafter. o Search for and extinguish any smoldering or flaming ignition. o Be trained to use a 10 lb. ABC

  18. 78 FR 35909 - Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program; Final Policies and Procedures for Screening Safe Drinking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ...for Screening Safe Drinking Water Act Chemicals AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...Disruptor Screening Program (EDSP) of chemicals for which EPA may issue EDSP test orders...of the FFDCA directed EPA to develop a chemical screening program using appropriate...

  19. Safe Schools, Safe Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Julie E.; Pickett, Dean; Pulliam, Janet L.; Schwartz, Richard A.; St. Germaine, Anne-Marie; Underwood, Julie; Worona, Jay

    Schools must work together with agencies, groups, and individuals to eliminate the forces leading children to violence. Chapter 1, "School Safety: Working Together to Keep Schools Safe," stresses the importance of community collaboration in violence prevention. Effective prevention requires sharing information about students, consistent with

  20. Safe working practices and HIV infection: knowledge, attitudes, perception of risk, and policy in hospital.

    PubMed

    Davidson, G; Gillies, P

    1993-03-01

    OBJECTIVES--To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of risk of occupational HIV transmission in hospital in relation to existing guidelines. DESIGN--Cross sectional anonymous questionnaire survey of all occupational groups. SETTING--One large inner city teaching hospital. SUBJECTS--All 1530 staff working in the hospital in October 1991 and 22 managers. MAIN MEASURES--Knowledge of safe working practices and hospital guidelines; attitudes towards patients with AIDS; perception of risk of occupational transmission of HIV; availability of guidelines. RESULTS--The response rate in the questionnaire survey was 63% (958/1530). Although staff across all occupational groups knew of the potential risk of infection from needlestick injury (98%, 904/922), significantly more non-clinical staff (ambulance, catering, and domestic staff) than clinical staff (doctors, nurses, and paramedics) thought HIV could be transmitted by giving blood (38%, 153/404 v 12%, 40/346; chi 2 = 66.1 p < 0.001); one in ten clinical staff believed this. Except for midwives, half of staff in most occupational groups and 19% (17/91) of doctors and 22% (28/125) of nurses thought gloves should be worn in all contacts with people with AIDS. Most staff (62%, 593/958), including 38% (36/94) of doctors and 52% (67/128) of nurses thought patients should be routinely tested on admission, 17% of doctors and 19% of nurses thought they should be isolated in hospital. One in three staff perceived themselves at risk of HIV. Midwives, nurses, and theatre technicians were most aware of guidelines for safe working compared with only half of doctors, ambulance, and paramedical staff and no incinerator staff. CONCLUSIONS--Policy guidelines for safe working practices for patients with HIV infection and AIDS need to be disseminated across all occupational groups to reduce negative staff attitudes, improve knowledge of occupational transmission, establish an appropriate perception of risk, and create a supportive and caring hospital environment for people with HIV. IMPLICATIONS--Managers need to disseminate policy guidelines and information to all staff on an ongoing basis. PMID:10132073

  1. NASA Strategy to Safely Live and Work in the Space Radiation Environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cucinotta, Francis A.; Wu, Honglu; Corbin, Barbara J.; Sulzman, Frank M.; Krenek, Sam

    2007-01-01

    In space, astronauts are constantly bombarded with energetic particles. The goal of the National Aeronautics and Space Agency and the NASA Space Radiation Project is to ensure that astronauts can safely live and work in the space radiation environment. The space radiation environment poses both acute and chronic risks to crew health and safety, but unlike some other aspects of space travel, space radiation exposure has clinically relevant implications for the lifetime of the crew. Among the identified radiation risks are cancer, acute and late CNS damage, chronic and degenerative tissue decease, and acute radiation syndrome. The term "safely" means that risks are sufficiently understood such that acceptable limits on mission, post-mission and multi-mission consequences can be defined. The NASA Space Radiation Project strategy has several elements. The first element is to use a peer-reviewed research program to increase our mechanistic knowledge and genetic capabilities to develop tools for individual risk projection, thereby reducing our dependency on epidemiological data and population-based risk assessment. The second element is to use the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory to provide a ground-based facility to study the health effects/mechanisms of damage from space radiation exposure and the development and validation of biological models of risk, as well as methods for extrapolation to human risk. The third element is a risk modeling effort that integrates the results from research efforts into models of human risk to reduce uncertainties in predicting the identified radiation risks. To understand the biological basis for risk, we must also understand the physical aspects of the crew environment. Thus, the fourth element develops computer algorithms to predict radiation transport properties, evaluate integrated shielding technologies and provide design optimization recommendations for the design of human space systems. Understanding the risks and determining methods to mitigate the risks are keys to a successful radiation protection strategy.

  2. Curved periacetabular osteotomy for the dysplastic hip: cadaveric and radiological analyses of safe procedures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Shiramizu; M. Naito; I. Asayama; M. Yatsunami

    2003-01-01

    Curved periacetabular osteotomy is a modified Ganz's procedure and requires an intrapelvic osteotomy. In order to establish\\u000a the osteotomy line and the chisel inserting angles during the procedure, 32 cadavers and 28 three-dimensional computed tomographs\\u000a were utilized. The guidepoints for the osteotomy line were obtained from the cadaveric analysis and the inserting angles of\\u000a the chisel were measured from the

  3. Curved periacetabular osteotomy for the dysplastic hip: cadaveric and radiological analyses of safe procedures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Shiramizu; M. Naito; I. Asayama; M. Yatsunami

    2003-01-01

    Curved periacetabular osteotomy is a modified Ganzs procedure and requires an intrapelvic osteotomy. In order to establish the osteotomy line and the chisel inserting angles during the procedure, 32 cadavers and 28 three-dimensional computed tomographs were utilized. The guide-points for the osteotomy line were obtained from the cadaveric analysis and the inserting angles of the chisel were measured from the

  4. Procedural Justice, Work Engagement, and Job Outcomes: Evidence from Nigeria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Osman M. Karatepe

    2011-01-01

    A research model investigating work engagement as a full mediator of the effects of procedural justice on affective organizational commitment, job performance, and extra-role customer service was developed and tested. Data were gathered from a sample of full-time frontline employees of the four- and five-star hotels with a 1-week time lag and their immediate supervisors in Abuja, the capital city

  5. Asbestos Operations and Maintenance The purpose of these procedures is to provide safe methods for employees of California

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Standard revised in 1995. Definitions Class I Asbestos Work Removal/abatement of thermal insulation materials(ACBM) identified on our campus. It is the intent of these procedures to comply with the Asbestos and on surface material. All Class I work on campus is contracted to a licensed asbestos abatement contractor

  6. Yale ICF Working Paper No. 12-21 The Safe-Asset Share*

    E-print Network

    Haller, Gary L.

    by the sum of U.S. government debt and by the safe component of private financial debt, which we call-rated government debt also have this feature. To the extent that debt is information-insensitive, it can be used.S. assets to GDP has increased by a factor of 2.5, and the main supplier of safe financial debt has shifted

  7. Gender-Neutral Washrooms at Western Western is committed to providing a learning and working environment that is safe and

    E-print Network

    Denham, Graham

    Gender-Neutral Washrooms at Western Western is committed to providing a learning and working environment that is safe and inclusive. Part of this commitment includes making gender-neutral washrooms gender-neutral washrooms and where they are located on campus. Why is it important to have Gender

  8. Safe Spaces, Support, Social Capital: A Critical Analysis of Artists Working with Vulnerable Young People in Educational Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sellman, Edward

    2015-01-01

    This article provides a critical and thematic analysis of three research projects involving artists working with vulnerable young people in educational contexts. It argues that artists create safe spaces in contrast to traditional educational activities but it will also raise questions about what constitutes such a space for participants. It will

  9. Potential Health Risks Associated to ICSI: Insights from Animal Models and Strategies for a Safe Procedure

    PubMed Central

    Snchez-Calabuig, Mara Jess; Lpez-Cardona, Angela Patricia; Fernndez-Gonzlez, Ral; Ramos-Ibeas, Priscila; Fonseca Balvs, Noelia; Laguna-Barraza, Ricardo; Pericuesta, Eva; Gutirrez-Adn, Alfonso; Bermejo-lvarez, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    Artificial reproductive techniques are currently responsible for 1.74% of the births in developed countries and intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI) is the most commonly used, accounting for 7080% of the cycles performed. Despite being an invaluable tool for infertile couples, the technique bypasses several biological barriers that naturally select the gametes to achieve an optimal embryonic and fetal development. In this perspective, ICSI has been associated with an increased risk for diverse health problems, ranging from premature births and diverse metabolic disorders in the offspring to more severe complications such as abortions, congenital malformations, and imprinting disorders. In this review, we discuss the possible implications of the technique per se on these adverse outcomes and highlight the importance of several experiments using mammalian models to truthfully test these implications and to uncover the molecular base that origins these health problems. We also dissect the specific hazards associated to ICSI and describe some strategies that have been developed to mimic the gamete selection occurring in natural conception in order to improve the safety of the procedure. PMID:25478554

  10. Yale ICF Working Paper No. 12-22 The Supply and Demand for Safe Assets

    E-print Network

    Haller, Gary L.

    the supply of government debt is low and reduces privately-created near-riskless assets when the supply of government debt is high. Krishnamurthy and Vissing-Jorgensen (2012b) show that the net sup- ply of government- lationship between government debt and privately-produced substitutes. They doc- ument that the share of safe

  11. Safe Handling Practices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    In 1977 Compugraphic Corporation was experiencing an unacceptable failure rate on microelectronic chips. Company engineers suspected that static electricity was causing the trouble because some electronic components are highly susceptible to damage by electrostatic charge. From a NASA Tech Brief, they learned that Rockwell International had prepared a report on safe handling practices for electronic components. NASA provided a Technical Support Package detailing 50 safe handling procedures affecting workers, work areas, equipment and packaging materials. Where poor practices were discovered, re-education of employees and other corrective measures were undertaken.

  12. [Are disinfectant residues remained after cleaning hemodialysis machine procedure safe for patients?].

    PubMed

    Szewczyk, Ma?gorzata; Grzeszczuk, Karolina; Walski, Tomasz; Suder, Marek; Komorowska, Ma?gorzata

    2013-01-01

    The dialysis machine shall be cleaned and disinfected after each patient treatment or after every 72 hours break in working. An acceptable disinfectants such as Puristeril plus or Puristeril 340, Citrosteril, Diasteril and Sporotal are used for decontamination. Puristeril 340 is designed for cold disinfection and due to the low pH value, the necessary decalcification of hemodialysis machines is easily achieved. It can be used for all haemodialysis systems like hemodialysis machines, water treatment devices and circuit pipes. Diluted Puristeril decomposes in a non-toxic way. Degradation products of peracetic acid, which is main component of Puristeril are: hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid. Peracetic acid is widely used for disinfection due to its exceptionally broad spectrum of microbiocidal activity at low concentrations and short exposure times. After use Puristeril is easily removable by rinsing with water. This paper deals with the effect of the Puristeril toxicity on blood as a function of its concentration and incubation time. Concentration range of 3.5-70 ppm was used, with particular emphasis on concentrations close to 5 ppm, a value is the limit of sensitivity of strips of starch potassium iodide, the tests for detection of peracetic acid. There was a strong increase in autohaemolysis and malondialdehyde concentrations with increasing concentration of Puristeril. There were also changes in dependence on the parameters of the incubation time, with the greatest effects obtained after 2 hours incubation with Puristeril. The detection limit of peracetic acid used strips of starch potassium iodide does not guarantee the safety of a patient undergoing hemodialysis. Even the residual concentration of Puristeril plus cause increased lipid peroxidation of membrane, and therefore suggest the routine use of stripes on the lower limit of detection of peracetic acid or implement measurement of hydrogen peroxide residues performed with sensitivity 1 ppm. PMID:24003659

  13. Methods to produce and safely work with large numbers of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and bradyzoite cysts.

    PubMed

    Fritz, H; Barr, B; Packham, A; Melli, A; Conrad, P A

    2012-01-01

    Two major obstacles to conducting studies with Toxoplasma gondii oocysts are the difficulty in reliably producing large numbers of this life stage and safety concerns because the oocyst is the most environmentally resistant stage of this zoonotic organism. Oocyst production requires oral infection of the definitive feline host with adequate numbers of T. gondii organisms to obtain unsporulated oocysts that are shed in the feces for 3-10 days after infection. Since the most successful and common mode of experimental infection of kittens with T. gondii is by ingestion of bradyzoite tissue cysts, the first step in successful oocyst production is to ensure a high bradyzoite tissue cyst burden in the brains of mice that can be used for the oral inoculum. We compared two methods for producing bradyzoite brain cysts in mice, by infecting them either orally or subcutaneously with oocysts. In both cases, oocysts derived from a low passage T. gondii Type II strain (M4) were used to infect eight-ten week-old Swiss Webster mice. First the number of bradyzoite cysts that were purified from infected mouse brains was compared. Then to evaluate the effect of the route of oocyst inoculation on tissue cyst distribution in mice, a second group of mice was infected with oocysts by one of each route and tissues were examined by histology. In separate experiments, brains from infected mice were used to infect kittens for oocyst production. Greater than 1.3 billion oocysts were isolated from the feces of two infected kittens in the first production and greater than 1.8 billion oocysts from three kittens in the second production. Our results demonstrate that oral delivery of oocysts to mice results in both higher cyst loads in the brain and greater cyst burdens in other tissues examined as compared to those of mice that received the same number of oocysts subcutaneously. The ultimate goal in producing large numbers of oocysts in kittens is to generate adequate amounts of starting material for oocyst studies. Given the potential risks of working with live oocysts in the laboratory, we also tested a method of oocyst inactivation by freeze-thaw treatment. This procedure proved to completely inactivate oocysts without evidence of significant alteration of the oocyst molecular integrity. PMID:22037023

  14. One stage bilateral endoscopic sympathectomy under local anesthesia: Is a valid, and safe procedure for treatment of palmer hyperhidrosis?

    PubMed Central

    Awad, Mohamed Salah; Elzeftawy, Awny; Mansour, Salah; Elshelfa, Wael

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Thoracoscopic sympathetic surgery is currently the best treatment for hyperhidrosis, and the success rate is quite high, but poor emphasis has been given to the type of anaesthesia and its application through either one or two stages of surgery. This study has evaluated the operative and postoperative results of one-stage bilateral thoracoscopic sympathectomy under local anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2003 to 2007, n=14 patients with hyperhidrosis of the upper limbs [4 females and 10 males] with a mean age of 282.11 year [range 26-44] were included. They were operated on by means of bilateral ETS under local anaesthesia. The mean follow-up was 1.5 years (range 13-24 months). RESULTS: No operative mortality was recorded. The mean operating room time for the whole bilateral procedure under was 73. 514.5 range [60 -120] min most of the patients were discharged the same day after a chest roentgenogram except, only two patients with gustatory sweating one recurrent sweating in the patient who had previously axillary hyperhidrosis. Also among them two patients (20%) experienced a minimal pneumothorax that required no treatment. Postoperative quality of life and satisfaction were excellent and cost was significantly reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral thoracoscopic sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis could be safely and effectively performed in patients refusing GA regarding cost and satisfaction. PMID:20585488

  15. Working from the inside out: a case study of mackay safe community.

    PubMed

    Hanson, Dale; Gunning, Colleen; Rose, Judy; McFarlane, Kathryn; Franklin, Richard C

    2015-04-01

    Mackay Whitsunday Safe Community (MWSC) was established in 2000 in response to high rates of injury observed in the region. MWSC assumed an ecological perspective, incorporating targeted safety promotion campaigns reinforced by supportive environments and policy. By involving the community in finding its own solutions, MWSC attempted to catalyze structural, social, and political changes that empowered the community and, ultimately, individuals within the community, to modify their environment and their behavior to reduce the risk of injury. A community network consisting of 118 members and an external support network of 50 members was established. A social network analysis conducted in 2000 and 2004 indicated that the network doubled its cohesiveness, thereby strengthening its ability to collaborate for mutual benefit. However, while MWSC was rich in social resources, human and financial resources were largely controlled by external agencies. The bridging and linking relationships that connected MWSC to its external support network were the social mechanism MWSC used to access the resources it required to run programs. These boundary-spanning relationships accessed an estimated 6.5 full-time equivalents of human resources and US$750,000 in 2004 that it used to deliver a suite of injury control and safety promotion activities, associated with a 33% reduction in injury deaths over the period 2002 to 2010. MWSC can only be understood in its ecological context. The productivity of MWSC was vulnerable to the changing policy priorities of external sponsoring agents and critically dependent on the advocacy skills of its leaders. PMID:25829116

  16. The Utility of Caesarean Myomectomy as a Safe Procedure: A Retrospective Analysis of 21 Cases with Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Manjula; SA, Shruthi

    2014-01-01

    Background: Myomectomy at the time of caesarean delivery has been discouraged because of the risk of intractable haemorrhage and increased postoperative morbidity. The aim of this study is to determine the safety and feasibility of caesarean myomectomy. Materials and Methods: A retrospective case control study done between June 2012 to May 2013 in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Karnataka, India which included 21 pregnant women with uterine fibroids who underwent myomectomy during caesarean section and were compared with 42 matched controls without uterine fibroids who had caesarean section alone during the same period. Primary outcome measures studied were incidence of haemorrhage and need for blood transfusion. Secondary outcome measures were duration of operation, length of hospital stay, postpartum fever and wound infection. Statistical analysis is done using IBMSPSS 20.0 software and students t-test. For calculation of incidence of haemorrhage Fishers exact test is used. Results: Mean age of the 21 cases was 31.81yrs and 47.62% were primigravida. Total 37 fibroids were removed. Subserosal were 30 cases(81.08%) while 1(2.07%) was submucous. 21(56.76%)fibroids were situated in fundal region and 3(8.11%) were in lower segment. Mean change in the haemoglobin from preoperative to postoperative period in the cases was 1.3gm/dl(1.155mg/dl) and control was 1.05% (.854mg/dl). Two of the cases(9.52%) required blood transfusion compared to none in control. None in either group required hysterectomy. Mean duration of surgery was 68.57min (15.012min)and 51.55min (9.595min) for controls which is statistically significant. Conclusion: This study shows that myomectomy during caesarean section is a safe procedure and is not associated with major intraoperative and postoperative complications. PMID:25386485

  17. Optimal working zone division for safe track maintenance in The Netherlands.

    PubMed

    den Hertog, D; van Zante-de Fokkert, J I; Sjamaar, S A; Beusmans, R

    2005-09-01

    After a sequence of serious accidents, the safety of rail track workers became an urgent and political problem in The Netherlands. It turned out that the rail track workers had one of the most dangerous jobs. The board of the Dutch Railways decided that the Dutch railway infrastructure had to be divided into so-called working zones. Moreover, to carry out maintenance activities, that particular working zone of the railway system had to be taken out of service. An essential problem was how to divide the Dutch railway infrastructure into working zones such that all parties involved are satisfied. Since many parties with conflicting interests were involved, this problem was extremely difficult. In this paper we show the division rules we developed, and which had been implemented in The Netherlands. PMID:15925318

  18. Service station requirements for safe use of hydrogen based fuels: NHA work group update

    SciTech Connect

    Coutts, D.A. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

    1997-12-31

    This paper consists of viewgraphs which summarize the results of the meeting of the working group on safety standards. A standard for an odorant for hydrogen leak detection is set forth. Recent activities with the National Fire Protection Association and the International Standard Organization are enumerated. The path forward is also summarized.

  19. Safety and the Supervisor. A Safe System of Work. Members' Occasional Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corfield, Tony

    In 1981 four supervisors at a chemical company in Great Britain were each fined 100 pounds under the country's 1974 Health and Safety at Work Act after a fifth supervisor was injured because of a faulty interlock guard. The supervisors were convicted because they had all known about but had done nothing to rectify the potential safety hazard. The

  20. Let's Talk with Jill Ferris about Living and Working in Antarctica Safely

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    At this site students discover that each year, more than 1,000 researchers and support staff travel to Antarctica and it is the job of the manager of field support services to make sure that each one has safety training plus the right supplies and transportation. This in-depth profile takes a look at the work of the manager of field support services for the United States Antarctica Field Program (USAFP). In the question and answer profile she answers more than 15 questions, including how she got to her present position, the nature of safety training, and things that most people take for granted but she must concern herself about. In addition she describes her work day and explains her continued concentration on weather reports.

  1. SUNRAYCE 95: Working safely with lead-acid batteries and photovoltaic power systems

    SciTech Connect

    DePhillips, M.P.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Biomedical and Environmental Assessment Group

    1994-05-27

    This document is a power system and battery safety handbook for participants in the SUNRAYCE 95 solar powered electric vehicle program. The topics of the handbook include batteries, photovoltaic modules, safety equipment needed for working with sulfuric acid electrolyte and batteries, battery transport, accident response, battery recharging and ventilation, electrical risks on-board vehicle, external electrical risks, electrical risk management strategies, and general maintenance including troubleshooting, hydrometer check and voltmeter check.

  2. Human-rating Automated and Robotic Systems - (How HAL Can Work Safely with Astronauts)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baroff, Lynn; Dischinger, Charlie; Fitts, David

    2009-01-01

    Long duration human space missions, as planned in the Vision for Space Exploration, will not be possible without applying unprecedented levels of automation to support the human endeavors. The automated and robotic systems must carry the load of routine housekeeping for the new generation of explorers, as well as assist their exploration science and engineering work with new precision. Fortunately, the state of automated and robotic systems is sophisticated and sturdy enough to do this work - but the systems themselves have never been human-rated as all other NASA physical systems used in human space flight have. Our intent in this paper is to provide perspective on requirements and architecture for the interfaces and interactions between human beings and the astonishing array of automated systems; and the approach we believe necessary to create human-rated systems and implement them in the space program. We will explain our proposed standard structure for automation and robotic systems, and the process by which we will develop and implement that standard as an addition to NASA s Human Rating requirements. Our work here is based on real experience with both human system and robotic system designs; for surface operations as well as for in-flight monitoring and control; and on the necessities we have discovered for human-systems integration in NASA's Constellation program. We hope this will be an invitation to dialog and to consideration of a new issue facing new generations of explorers and their outfitters.

  3. Assessing the 'system' in safe systems-based road designs: using cognitive work analysis to evaluate intersection designs.

    PubMed

    Cornelissen, M; Salmon, P M; Stanton, N A; McClure, R

    2015-01-01

    While a safe systems approach has long been acknowledged as the underlying philosophy of contemporary road safety strategies, systemic applications are sparse. This article argues that systems-based methods from the discipline of Ergonomics have a key role to play in road transport design and evaluation. To demonstrate, the Cognitive Work Analysis framework was used to evaluate two road designs - a traditional Melbourne intersection and a cut-through design for future intersections based on road safety safe systems principles. The results demonstrate that, although the cut-through intersection appears different in layout from the traditional intersection, system constraints are not markedly different. Furthermore, the analyses demonstrated that redistribution of constraints in the cut-through intersection resulted in emergent behaviour, which was not anticipated and could prove problematic. Further, based on the lack of understanding of emergent behaviour, similar design induced problems are apparent across both intersections. Specifically, incompatibilities between infrastructure, vehicles and different road users were not dealt with by the proposed design changes. The importance of applying systems methods in the design and evaluation of road transport systems is discussed. PMID:24225066

  4. 49 CFR 214.335 - On-track safety procedures for roadway work groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...procedures for roadway work groups. (a) No employer...member of a roadway work group to foul a track unless...is provided by either working limits, train approach... (c) Roadway work groups engaged in large-scale...are not included within working...

  5. What constitutes fairness in work settings? A four-component model of procedural justice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven L Blader; Tom R Tyler

    2003-01-01

    Despite a recent surge in research on procedural justice in organizational contexts, little work has systematically investigated how employees define procedural justice. In other words, relatively little has been done to establish a clear awareness of what employees consider when making their procedural justice evaluations. This lack of attention to construct definition is problematic, since it prevents an understanding of

  6. P\\procedure\\EH&S#19 Page 1 of 3 TITLE HOT WORK PERMIT POLICY

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    P\\procedure\\EH&S#19 Page 1 of 3 TITLE HOT WORK PERMIT POLICY OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE Unless excepted below, this instruction establishes policy and procedures and assigns responsibilities and requirements to ensure a comprehensive policy and program exists to perform work during new construction, repair

  7. Procedures and Standards Handbook. Version 3.0. What Works Clearinghouse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This "What Works Clearinghouse Procedures and Standards Handbook (Version 3.0)" provides a detailed description of the standards and procedures of the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC). The remaining chapters of this Handbook are organized to take the reader through the basic steps that the WWC uses to develop a review protocol, identify

  8. Safe Youth. Safe Schools.

    MedlinePLUS

    ... can often lead to serious injury or death. School Violence While US schools remain relatively safe, any amount ... an important role in monitoring trends in lethal school violence, identifying risk factors, and assessing the effects of ...

  9. Working in Hot Weather or Hot Workplace Environments Subject: Procedures and Guidelines for Working in Hot Environments

    E-print Network

    Lennard, William N.

    Working in Hot Weather or Hot Workplace Environments Subject: Procedures and Guidelines for Working is intended to prevent potential heat induced illness as a result of hot weather or hot workplace environments in hot weather or hot workplace environments. The following parameters will serve as triggers

  10. Stay Safe at Work

    MedlinePLUS

    ... minute break can help increase your concentration and reduce stress. Take short breaks often and stretch or go ... risk of getting sick or hurt. You can reduce stress by planning ahead, noticing when you feel stressed, ...

  11. Page 1 of 12 Local Work Planning and Control Procedure 10/31/2012

    E-print Network

    Kemner, Ken

    Page 1 of 12 Local Work Planning and Control Procedure 10/31/2012 High Energy Physics Division_HEP-WPC 1 Purpose The purposes for this Work Planning and Control, WPC document are multiple. The main, Laboratory Management System (LMS) PROC-200 work planning and control (WPC) process which establishes a site

  12. Eliciting Young Children's Perceptions of Play, Work and Learning Using the Activity Apperception Story Procedure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justine Howard

    2002-01-01

    Perceptions of play, work and learning were elicited from 111 children aged between 3 and 6 years using the Activity Apperception Story Procedure (AASP). The children were based within 6 research sites that were chosen to represent different types of early years provision. The AASP is a two-part procedure. Firstly, it requires children to sort 26 photographic stimuli depicting various

  13. Online Training Now Available -We are proud to offer EPA Accredited Lead-Safe Work Practices training online, which can take the place of the 6 hour classroom

    E-print Network

    Tennessee, University of

    Online Training Now Available - We are proud to offer EPA Accredited Lead-Safe Work Practices training online, which can take the place of the 6 hour classroom instruction for the Lead RRP certification. Please note that a two hour hands-on training session is still required before you can obtain

  14. Safe Food Handling Guidelines Don't work with food if you have any type of illness, such as a cold sore, infected cuts, colds etc.

    E-print Network

    Burke, Peter

    Safe Food Handling Guidelines · Don't work with food if you have any type of illness, such as a cold sore, infected cuts, colds etc. · Purchase all food products (pre-made or requiring further Department. · Thoroughly wash: Your hands before handling food and after: touching the face or hair, going

  15. Multifocal infections of the musculoskeletal system: description of a safe one-step procedure for eradication of associated spinal infections

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome after radical surgical treatment of multifocal infections involving the spine. Methods The study demonstrates a retrospective chart review of seven patients who had more than three different abscesses in the musculoskeletal system and at least one of them in the area of the spinal column. All patients had a sepsis. Results Beside different musculoskeletal abscesses four patients had a spondylodiscitis in the cervical spine segments C4/5 or C5/6. Six patients had inflammatory processes in the lumbar spine with epidural abscesses, diffuse thoracolumbar paravertebral abscesses and a spondylodiscitis in different segments. In all cases we performed a radical surgical treatment of all related inflammatory focuses. Prompt radical surgical treatment of the spine included decompression, debridement and in the cases of spondylodiscitis a fusion of the involved segments. For more than one focus at the spine, a surgical one-step procedure was performed. An antibiotic therapy was administered for six to eight weeks. In follow up examinations no signs of ongoing inflammatory processes were seen in imaging studies or laboratory tests. Conclusions In the event of multiple abscesses of the musculoskeletal system involving the spine an early correct diagnosis and radical surgical treatment is recommended. We strongly favor a surgical single-stage procedure for treatment of multiple infections of the spine. In addition to a radical debridement and a sufficient decompression, the segmental fusion of affected areas in spondylodiscitis is essential. At the same time a surgical therapy of all other infected sites should be performed. PMID:24066659

  16. UNL Environmental Health and Safety (402) 472-4925 http://ehs.unl.edu Safe Operating Procedure

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules (NIH Guidelines), National Institutes of Health 2. Biosafety in laboratories working with certain biological agents. This SOP summarizes those practices and can be used, handling contact lenses, and applying cosmetics, and storing food for human consumption are not permitted

  17. Procedures for safe handling of off-gases from electric vehicle lead-acid batteries during overcharge

    SciTech Connect

    LaBelle, S.J.; Bhattacharyya, M.H.; Loutfy, R.O.; Varma, R.

    1980-01-25

    The potential for generation of toxic gases from lead-acid batteries has long been recognized. Prior to the current interest in electric vehicles, there were no studies specificaly oriented to toxic gas release from traction batteries, however. As the Department of Energy Demonstration Project (in the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program) progresses, available data from past studies and parallel health effects programs must be digested into guidance to the drivers and maintenance personnel, tailored to their contact with electric vehicles. The basic aspects of lead-acid battery operation, vehicle use, and health effects of stibine and arsine to provide electric vehicle users with the information behind the judgment that vehicle operation and testing may proceed are presented. Specifically, it is concluded that stibine generation or arsine generation at rapid enough rates to induce acute toxic response is not at all likely. Procedures to guard against low-level exposure until more definitive data on ambient concentrations of the gases are collected are presented for both charging the batteries and driving the vehicles. A research plan to collect additional quantitative data from electric traction batteries is presented.

  18. Stay Safe Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sponsored by the National Cyber Security Alliance, Stay Safe Online works to educate the public on the importance of protecting their personal computers from online intruders. If proper security procedures are not implemented, computers can become victims to viruses, denial of service attacks, Trojan horse programs, and other malicious activities that take advantage of computer vulnerabilities and result in billions of dollars of damage. Designed to provide information needed to protect home and small business computers, this Web site provides the top ten security tips on how to safeguard computer systems, such as using anti-virus software, not opening e-mail from unknown sources, and backing up computer data. The site also contains a self-guided cyber security test, educational materials, and links to other Internet security sources. In all, this is an important resource for all computer users to explore.

  19. Pack a Safe Lunch

    E-print Network

    Extension Food and Nutrition Specialists

    2009-01-06

    Lunches taken to school or work can be the cause of food-borne illness. To keep children safe, make sure hot foods are kept hot and cold foods are kept cold. Learn which foods are safe at room temperature, as well as other tips for lunch safety....

  20. Safe Operating Procedure LENTIVIRAL VECTORS

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    components · Nature of the transgene insert (e.g., known oncogenes or genes with high oncogenic potential and packaging functions separated onto multiple plasmids - Deletion of viral genes Transgene Oncogene Non-oncogene

  1. Cross-national research on contractor evaluation procedures in public works procurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinoshita, Seiya; Sato, Naoyoshi; Matsumoto, Naoya

    Contractor evaluation methods in Japan's public works procurement, beginning with construction business licensure, going through biennial preliminary firm rating, up to project-by-project prequalification and comprehensive point rating, were developed during the period when public works were mostly procured through designated competitive bidding. It is essential to focus attention on contractor evaluation methods for introducing different types of procurement procedures which enhance the use of technological capabilities held by private businesses. An overall review of contractor evaluation procedures should be conducted in view of the present situation, where the open competitive bidding has become mainly used in combination with comprehensive evaluation, as well as to allow for further diversification of procurement methods. In Western countries, improvements have been made for the past several years in contractor evaluation procedures with more emphasis on "Value for Money." Advanced efforts made by these countries will be useful as a reference for overhauling Japan's contractor evaluation system. This study conducts a comparative review of contractor evaluation procedures for public procurement in Western countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France by identifying similarities and differences between those of Japan and the above mentioned countries. This reveals that a contractor's technical or professional ability is looked at separately from its economic and financial standing in those countries studied, and there is no case like Japan in which those two factors are integrated into one for evaluation.

  2. HOT OR OPEN FLAME WORK 1.0 Background

    E-print Network

    Petriu, Emil M.

    purpose is to establish procedures for safe hot or open flame work in specific campus locations.g. welding shop, trades shops). 2.0 Procedure 1. A University of Ottawa Hot Work Permit is attached1/8/2010 HOT OR OPEN FLAME WORK Procedure 1.0 Background All work which generates heat that may

  3. SAFE WORK TIPS FOR WORKERS IN HOT ENVIRONMENTS How Can I Protect Myself from the Effects of the Sun?

    E-print Network

    Burke, Peter

    workers know who is trained to give first aid. The emergency phone numbers for ambulances, hospitals strenuous. Job sharing or heavy work rotation among several employees can also lessen the heat load

  4. A Safe and Welcoming Place.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zingher, Gary

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on the theme of safe and comforting places for children, and how libraries can help provide safe havens for children. Presents a survey of safe places in selected works of children's literature. Includes a sampler of creative activities focusing on the theme, and a list of resources (books and videotapes). (AEF)

  5. Safe sex

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Olivia Worland (Purdue University; Biological Sciences)

    2008-07-09

    There are many diseases that humans can contract through sexual contact with each other. Humans can lower their risk of contracting these diseases by practicing safe sex techniques if they choose to participate in those kinds of actions.

  6. Safe sex

    MedlinePLUS

    Safe sex means taking steps before and during sex that can prevent you from getting an infection, or from ... the skin around the genital area. Before having sex: Get to know your partner and discuss your ...

  7. Driving Safely

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Try the sample exercises. www.nhtsa.gov/Senior-Drivers l Learn more about safe driving. www.nihseniorhealth.gov l Read more about how your health affects driving. Go4Life is a registered trademark of ...

  8. Studying computerized emergency operating procedures to evaluate the impact of strong procedure guidance on operators' work practices

    SciTech Connect

    Filippi, G. [Electricite de France R and D, Industrial Risk Management Dept., 1 av du General de Gaule, 92141 Clamart Cedex (France)

    2006-07-01

    This paper is based on EDF qualitative analysis of full-scope simulator tests which objective is to examine operators activity in NPP emergency operation. These tests have given insight on usually unexplored aspects of operator's characteristics using computerized emergency operation procedures. The first aspect concerns 'score-reading' and situation awareness, the second aspect concerns the attention-resources allocation, revealing the relationships between each operators courses of action and cooperation supported by the procedures. (authors)

  9. [Skin protection at work in Croatian hairdressers (results of the EvaHair questionnaire developed within the EU project "SafeHair")].

    PubMed

    Kujundi? Brkulj, Marija; Macan, Jelena

    2013-06-01

    Hairdressers are under a high occupational risk of developing various health disorders, particularly regarding the skin. The "SafeHair" project was implemented from 2010 to 2012, with the aim to develop health and safety standards for the prevention of occupational skin diseases in hairdressing. Croatian hairdressers participated in the project. The aim of this work was to establish the actual status of skin protection in Croatian hairdressers. Data were collected by the EvaHair questionnaire developed within the "SafeHair" project. A total of 213 questionnaires were analysed. The sample comprised 133 (64%) salon owners, 46 (22%) employees, and 31 (14%) trainees. Thirty-six (17%) subjects confirmed the presence of skin disorders in their salons in the last 3 years, and almost all of the subjects (98%) considered the prevention of occupational skin diseases important. We found a high proportion (from 40% to 50%) of non-answered questions about risk assessment. Protective gloves were mostly used when exposed to chemicals (88%), but rarely for hair washing (13%). They were available to the majority of subjects (95%), but 32% of subjects had trouble wearing them. Hairdressers with over 30 years of working experience used gloves for washing and cutting hair more frequently than those with less than 30 years of experience (p<0.05). Education on skin protection was more often provided (39%) than education on the protection of the respiratory (15%) and musculosceletal (18%) systems. A high proportion of subjects needed assistance with interpreting laws, regulations, and information about products (57%), as well as in the implementation of risk assessment methods (49%). The results indicate a need for further education on the health risks and the implementation of protective measures. This should be carried out during vocational education and later in the form of permanent education. PMID:23819939

  10. Analogous Mechanisms of Selection and Updating in Declarative and Procedural Working Memory: Experiments and a Computational Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oberauer, Klaus; Souza, Alessandra S.; Druey, Michel D.; Gade, Miriam

    2013-01-01

    The article investigates the mechanisms of selecting and updating representations in declarative and procedural working memory (WM). Declarative WM holds the objects of thought available, whereas procedural WM holds representations of what to do with these objects. Both systems consist of three embedded components: activated long-term memory, a

  11. Sun Safely

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    www.sunsafely.org is a site promoting sun protection and sun safety for children and teens. It contains resources for teachers, schools, teens, children, and parents to help prevent skin cancer and teach sun safe behavior from the U.S and around the world.

  12. Working Safe and Feeling Fine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milshtein, Amy

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the problem of repetitive stress disorders in the administrative workplace and shares some quick fixes to aid ergonomics. Some thoughts on the ergonomics of office chairs are provided as is the use of professional guidance in furniture purchasing. (GR)

  13. Working Safely with Bloodborne Pathogens

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    of appetite, jaundice, dark urine, abdominal or joint pain, elevated liver function One ml may have 1 x 108 and you splash yourself in the mucous membranes. Nine months later you develop fatigue, jaundice

  14. Licron Crystal ESD-Safe Coating Techspray's ESD-safe products can help maintain work areas within the ANSI/ESDS20.20 standards set by the ESD Association

    E-print Network

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    ESD-safe coating Versatile, crystal clear urethane coating that adheres to metal, plastic, and most adhesion to variety of surfaces: glass, plastic, etc. Product Packaging 1756-8S Licron Crystal ESD Crystal can be sprayed using standard spray guns or paint systems (test compatibility on seals and other

  15. TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT TO SAFELY AND EFFECTIVELY COMPLETE NUCLEAR CONSTRUCTION WORK

    SciTech Connect

    LESO KF; HAMILTON HM; FARNER M; HEATH T

    2010-01-14

    Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business construction subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC contract, Construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper describes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method. This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year (FY) 2009, where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are subcontracted directly by WRPS to small or disadvantaged contractors that are mentored and supported by DRS personnel. Each small contractor is mentored and supported utilizing the principles of the Construction Industry Institute (CII) Partnering process. Some of the key mentoring and partnering areas that are explored in this paper are, internal and external safety professional support, subcontractor safety teams and the interface with project and site safety teams, quality assurance program support to facilitate compliance with NQA-1, construction, team roles and responsibilities, work definition for successful fixed price contracts, scheduling and interface with project schedules and cost projection/accruals. The practical application of the CII Partnering principles, with the Construction Management expertise of URS, has led to a highly successful construction model that also meets small business contracting goals.

  16. SAFETY FIRST STUDY SAFELY

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    SAFETY FIRST WORK AND STUDY SAFELY Emergency Information Contact and Action Guide #12;2 Quick;3 Situation-Specific Instructions Event Medical Emergency Fire Police Emergency Bomb Threat Tornado Chemical.743.2000. #12;8 Tornado In the event of a tornado or tornado warning: 1. Listen to NOAA Weather Radio

  17. Collaborative work during interventional radiological procedures based on a multicast satellite-terrestrial network.

    PubMed

    Gortzis, Lefteris G; Papadopoulos, Homer; Roelofs, Theo A; Rakowsky, Stefan; Karnabatidis, Dimitris; Siablis, Dimitris; Makropoulos, Constantinos; Nikiforidis, George; Graschew, Georgi

    2007-09-01

    Collaboration is a key requirement in several contemporary interventional radiology procedures (IRPs). This work proposes a multicast hybrid satellite system capable of supporting advanced IRP collaboration, and evaluates its feasibility and applicability. Following a detailed IRP requirements study, we have developed a system which supports IRP collaboration through the employment of a hybrid satellite-terrestrial network, a prototype multicast version of wavelet based interactive communication system (WinVicos) application, and a partition aggregation and conditional coding (PACC) wavelet codec. A semistructured questionnaire was also used to receive evaluative feedback from collaborating participants. The departments of interventional radiology of University Hospital of Patras, Greece and of Charite Hospital of Berlin, Germany have been connected on the system. Eight interventional radiologists and a vascular surgeon participated periodically in three satellite-terrestrial "fully collaborative" IRPs (average time 90 min) of high complexity and in four terrestrial educational sessions with great success, evidenced by considerable improving the IRP outcomes (clinical and educational). In case of high complexity, where the simultaneous presence of remote interventional expert and/or surgeon is required, advanced collaboration among staff of geographically dispersed international centers is feasible via integration of existing networking and other technologies. PMID:17912978

  18. When Is Safe, Safe Enough?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neil, Kirk

    2002-01-01

    Discusses events affecting parental school-safety concerns and what school districts can do to alleviate those concerns. Addresses post-September 11 crisis-management procedures, preventing sports-related student deaths, maintaining healthy indoor air quality. (PKP)

  19. Safe Manual Jettison

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barton, Jay

    2008-01-01

    In space, the controlled release of certain cargoes is no less useful than the maritime jettisons from which they take their name but is also much more dangerous. Experience has shown that jettisons can be performed safely, but the process is complicated with the path to performing a jettison taking months or even years. In the background, time is also required to write procedures, train the crew, configure the vehicle, and many other activities. This paper outlines the current process used by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for manual jettisons, detailing the methods used to assure that the jettisons and the jettisoned objects are as safe as achievable and that the crew is adequately trained to be able to affect the safe jettison. The goal of this paper is not only to capture what it takes to perform safe jettisons in the near Earth environment but to extrapolate this knowledge to future space exploration scenarios that will likely have Extravehicular Activity (EVA) and International Partner (IP) interfaces.

  20. Work Status Congruences Relation to Employee Attitudes and Behaviors: The Moderating Role of Procedural Justice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jon C. Carr; Brian T. Gregory; Stanley G. Harris

    2010-01-01

    PurposeThe purpose of this study is to explore procedural justice as a boundary condition of work status congruences (WSC) relationships\\u000a with organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). WSC is defined as the degree to which an employees\\u000a schedule, shift, full-time or part-time status, and number of working hours, match his or her preferences (Holtom et al. in\\u000a J Appl

  1. Professional Skills and Competence for Safe and Effective Procedural Sedation in Children: Recommendations Based on a Systematic Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Leroy, Piet L. J. M.; Schipper, Daphne M.; Knape, Hans (J. ) T. A.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives. To investigate which skills and competence are imperative to assure optimal effectiveness and safety of procedural sedation (PS) in children and to analyze the underlying levels of evidence. Study Design and methods. Systematic review of literature published between 1993 and March 2009. Selected papers were classified according to their methodological quality and summarized in evidence-based conclusions. Next, conclusions were used to formulate recommendations. Results. Although the safety profiles vary among PS drugs, the possibility of potentially serious adverse events and the predictability of depth and duration of sedation define the imperative skills and competence necessary for a timely recognition and appropriate management. The level of effectiveness is mainly determined by the ability to apply titratable PS, including deep sedation using short-acting anesthetics for invasive procedures and nitrous oxide for minor painful procedures, and the implementation of non-pharmacological techniques. Conclusions. PS related safety and effectiveness are determined by the circumstances and professional skills rather than by specific pharmacologic characteristics. Evidence based recommendations regarding necessary skills and competence should be used to set up training programs and to define which professionals can and cannot be credentialed for PS in children. PMID:20652062

  2. Radon Testing for Safe Schools Act. Report (To Accompany S. 1697) from the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works.

    This report was written to accompany the Radon Testing for Safe Schools Act (S.1697), a bill that provides for radon testing of schools located in high risk radon areas and provides limited financial assistance to schools for mitigation of high levels of radon. A description of radon, its harmful effects, and the radon levels detected in schools

  3. SAFE OPERATION OF SHOP MACHINERY Students and staff may encounter numerous potential hazards when in proximity to or working with stationary

    E-print Network

    Kay, Mark A.

    SAFE OPERATION OF SHOP MACHINERY Students and staff may encounter numerous potential hazards when machinery when tired or in a hurry. 8. Know location of emergency equipment (e.g., emergency eyewash safety long hair/beards to prevent entanglement in machinery (e.g., hair of a length that can be put up via

  4. Safe Passage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Razwick, Jeff

    2007-01-01

    Many schools are almost entirely reliant on alarms and sprinklers for their fire protection. As these devices need to be triggered and supplied with power or water to work properly, they are vulnerable to errors. To provide adequate safety, a good fire-protection program must have three primary elements: fire protection and suppression, and

  5. How Safe Are Kid-Safe Search Engines?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson-Krum, Hope

    2001-01-01

    Examines search tools available to elementary and secondary school students, both human-compiled and crawler-based, to help direct them to age-appropriate Web sites; analyzes the procedures of search engines labeled family-friendly or kid safe that use filters; and tests the effectiveness of these services to students in school libraries. (LRW)

  6. Safe handling practices for electrostatic-sensitive devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Herring, L. L.

    1977-01-01

    Review is detailed compilation of safe handling practices for Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) circuit elements and other devices that are susceptible to damage by electrostatic discharge. Article lists safety procedures for all aspects of handling and use of these components. Included are guidelines for setting up static-free work station and list of materials and equipment needed to maintain antistatic protection. Appendix gives vendors of these items.

  7. 49 CFR 214.335 - On-track safety procedures for roadway work groups.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    (b) No roadway worker who is a member of a roadway work group shall foul a track without having been informed by the roadway worker responsible for the on-track safety of the roadway work group that on-track safety is...

  8. Mesothelioma in a wine cellar man: detailed description of working procedures and past asbestos exposure estimation.

    PubMed

    Nemo, Alessandro; Silvestri, Stefano

    2014-11-01

    A pleural mesothelioma arose in an employee of a wine farm whose work history shows an unusual occupational exposure to asbestos. The information, gathered directly from the case and from a work colleague, clarifies some aspects of the use of asbestos in the process of winemaking which has not been previously reported in such details. The man had worked as a winemaker from 1960 to 1988 in a farm, which in those years produced around 2500 hectoliters of wine per year, mostly white. The wine was filtered to remove impurities; the filter was created by dispersing in the wine asbestos fibers followed by diatomite while the wine was circulating several times and clogging a prefilter made of a dense stainless steel net. Chrysotile asbestos was the sole asbestos mineralogical variety used in these filters and exposure could occur during the phase of mixing dry fibers in the wine and during the filter replacement. A daily and annual time weighted average level of exposure and cumulative dose have been estimated in the absence of airborne asbestos fiber monitoring performed in that workplace. Since 1993, the Italian National Mesothelioma Register, an epidemiological surveillance system, has recorded eight cases with at least one work period spent as winemaker. Four of them never used asbestos filters and presented exposures during other work periods, the other four used asbestos filters but had also other exposures in other industrial divisions. For the information hitherto available, this is the first mesothelioma case with exclusive exposure in the job of winemaking. PMID:25296690

  9. Aerosols and Particulates Workshop Sampling Procedures and Venues Working Group Summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pachlhofer, Peter; Howard, Robert

    1999-01-01

    The Sampling Procedures and Venues Workgroup discussed the potential venues available and issues associated with obtaining measurements. Some of the issues included Incoming Air Quality, Sampling Locations, Probes and Sample Systems. The following is a summary of the discussion of the issues and venues. The influence of inlet air to the measurement of exhaust species, especially trace chemical species, must be considered. Analysis procedures for current engine exhaust emissions regulatory measurements require adjustments for air inlet humidity. As a matter of course in scientific investigations, it is recommended that "background" measurements for any species, particulate or chemical, be performed during inlet air flow before initiation of combustion, if possible, and during the engine test period as feasible and practical. For current regulatory measurements, this would be equivalent to setting the "zero" level for conventional gas analyzers. As a minimum, it is recommended that measurements of the humidity and particulates in the incoming air be taken at the start and end of each test run. Additional measurement points taken during the run are desirable if they can be practically obtained. It was felt that the presence of trace gases in the incoming air is not a significant problem. However, investigators should consider the ambient levels and influences of local air pollution for species of interest. Desired measurement locations depend upon the investigation requirements. A complete investigation of phenomenology of particulate formation and growth requires measurements at a number of locations both within the engine and in the exhaust field downstream of the nozzle exit plane. Desirable locations for both extractive and in situ measurements include: (1) Combustion Zone (Multiple axial locations); (2) Combustor Exit (Multiple radial locations for annular combustors); (3) Turbine Stage (Inlet and exit of the stage); (4) Exit Nozzle (Multiple axial locations downstream of the nozzle). Actual locations with potential for extractive or non-intrusive measurements depend upon the test article and test configuration. Committee members expressed the importance of making investigators aware of various ports that could allow access to various stages of the existing engines. Port locations are engine si)ecific and might allow extractive sampling or innovative hybrid optical-probe access. The turbine stage region was one the most desirable locations for obtaining samples and might be accessed through boroscope ports available in some engine designs. Discussions of probes and sampling systems quickly identified issues dependent on particular measurement quantities. With general consensus, the group recommends SAE procedures for measurements and data analyses of currently regulated exhaust species (CO2, CO, THC, NO(x),) using conventional gas sampling techniques. Special procedures following sound scientific practices must be developed as required for species and/or measurement conditions not covered by SAE standards. Several issues arose concerning short lived radicals and highly reactive species. For conventional sampling, there are concerns of perturbing the sample during extraction, line losses, line-wall reactions, and chemical reactions during the sample transport to the analyzers. Sample lines coated with quartz.or other materials should be investigated for minimization of such effects. The group advocates the development of innovative probe techniques and non-intrusive optical techniques for measurement of short lived radicals and highly reactive species that cannot be sampled accurately otherwise. Two innovative probe concepts were discussed. One concept uses specially designed probes to transfer optical beams to and from a region of flow inaccessible by traditional ports or windows. The probe can perturb the flow field but must have a negligible impact on the region to be optically sampled. Such probes are referred to as hybrid probes and are under development at AEDC for measurement in the high press

  10. Procedure-Authoring Tool Improves Safety on Oil Rigs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2014-01-01

    Dark, cold, and dangerous environments are plentiful in space and on Earth. To ensure safe operations in difficult surroundings, NASA relies heavily on procedures written well ahead of time. Houston-based TRACLabs Inc. worked with Ames Research Center through the SBIR program to create an electronic procedure authoring tool, now used by NASA and companies in the oil and gas industry.

  11. U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R TA WORKING ALONE PROCEDURES

    E-print Network

    Campbell, Robert E.

    U N I V E R S I T Y O F A L B E R TA WORKING ALONE PROCEDURES Template Preamble (Choose one. With the exception of a few scheduled evening courses, our staff is not required to work alone after hours, although some may choose to do so. Those staff who choose to work alone must comply with these Working Alone

  12. The HALO system-applying the safe wing concept to airline operations in ground icing conditions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. T. Peterson; L. Nguyen; D. V. Edleman; J. F. Coffel

    1995-01-01

    A process has been developed to improve upon the existing Clean Aircraft concept as currently defined by FAA guidelines for airline operations. The new Safe Wing concept works with existing airline programs for operations in icing conditions. It adds a contamination detection and classification system to the current procedural system. This addition improves overall system safety while eliminating burdensome checks,

  13. Procedures for using the Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs The Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs function has been created to allow departments to

    E-print Network

    Guenther, Frank

    Procedures for using the Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs The Add/Change Supervisor(s) for Work-Study Jobs function has been created to allow departments to maintain supervisor information for hourly paid work-study students. Work-Study jobs have an assigned supervisor when they are created

  14. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 9/08)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    or radiation producing devices without wearing the proper and required dosimetry! Annual Radiation Dose Limits/yr Lens of Eye = 15,000 mrem/yr Skin/Extremity = 50,000 mrem/yr Embryo/Fetus = 500 mrem Use (Diagnostic) X-ray Users: radiation workers operating diagnostic x- ray machines are required

  15. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 3/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    to the contaminant of concern! Cartridges are color coded to indicate their intended function. COLOR TYPE Green Ammonia and methyl amine cartridge Olive Green Organic vapor and formaldehyde cartridge Purple (Magenta) Dust, fumes, mists, asbestos, radionuclides, and highly toxic particulates (P100) filter Black/Purple

  16. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 9/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    -Y-Y Y-Y-Y N-Y-N Y-Y-Y Y-Y-Y Y-Y-Y Toxic Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N Other considerations Effectiveness influenced and equipment; e.g., biohaz spills, BSC cleaning, water baths Carcinogen. Usable on plastics, rubber, lenses

  17. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 10/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    ). Pollutants in illicit discharges may include sediments, heavy metals, toxic chemicals, oil and grease wastewater Foundation drains* Chemical spills Water from potable sources (i.e., hydrants, faucets) Oil systems, spills collected by drain outlets, or wastes dumped directly into a drain). On UNL City Campus

  18. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 1/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    culture. The most common contaminant is bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV). · Growing conditions. Altering containment level (i.e., cells immortalized with viral agents such as SV-40, EBV, adenovirus or HPV

  19. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    in specially designed systems or storage containers, the gases condense to a liquid state and maintain very, such as propane, hydrogen, and oxygen, present risk of fire due to their inherent flammability, while others for a complete discussion of associated hazards. Cryogen Containers Cryogenic liquids are generally shipped

  20. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    the mixture. After 20 hours, neutralize the solution with sodium bicarbonate. Note that upon adding sodiumBr solution, add 20 ml of 5% hypophosphorous acid solution and 12 ml 0.5 M sodium nitrite solution. Stir bicarbonate, the solution will foam as CO2 gas is liberated. Dispose of the neutralized solution via

  1. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 12/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    systems (HVACs), ice machines, drinking water coolers, research equipment, vending machines, motor vehicle maintenance and repair involves understanding complex heating and cooling systems in machines and appliances

  2. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 12/08)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    . · Bees and hornets become more aggressive in the fall when weather begins to cool and food supply-4925 · http://ehs.unl.edu However, persons with severe allergies to insect venom or persons who have been supplies and first aid measures should be modified for individuals known to have severe allergies to insect

  3. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 6/10)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    titled, Welding Lens Shade and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Selection. Oxy-Acetylene Processes color coded green. Acetylene is supplied in a low pressure compressed gas cylinder in which the gas is dissolved in acetone. Acetylene cylinders are usually color coded black (Created 8/02; Revised 9/05, 7

  4. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 5/08)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    contaminated laundry must be placed in color-coded (red) and labeled (biohazard symbol) containers. At a minimum, employees shall wear protective gloves, appropriate eye protection, and outer garments when handling contaminated laundry. Personal protective equipment will be considered appropriate only if it does

  5. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    /or radioactive wastes are to be followed. F-59 waste should be segregated from other radioactive waste. Lead://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires a safety protocol be submitted to the UNL Radiation Safety for Radioactive Material Use request for approval by the UNL RSC. Contact the UNL Radiation Safety Officer (RSO

  6. Safe Operating Procedure SAFETY PROTOCOL: Rb-86

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    of hazardous and/or radioactive wastes are to be followed. Rb- 86 waste should be segregated from all other://ehs.unl.edu/) Use of radioactive materials requires prior approval by the UNL Radiation Safety Committee (RSC). To obtain RSC approval: · Submit an Authorization for Radioactive Material Use request for approval

  7. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 3/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    to petroleum based, animal, nut, and vegetable fats, oils, and greases, milk and milk products and ethanol by permitting may be required. · Installing fuel tanks or other tanks containing oil (including but not limited-products), may require installation permits as well as compliance with Oil Pollution Prevention regulatory

  8. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 10/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    . Detergents can be used when washing. Do not use normal interior drains, if: 1. The vehicle/equipment is very. Washing vehicles/equipment outside has significant limitations. Detergents can not be used. There can

  9. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 5/08)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    centrifuge tubes with o-ring screw caps. · Ensure that the centrifuge is properly balanced. · Use outer-duty screw caps that include an O-ring. (Created 5/03; Revised 9/07) UNL Environmental Health and Safety carefully. Avoid frothing or introducing air bubbles. · Wrap the needle and stopper in a cotton ball or pad

  10. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 12/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    to humans, plants, or animals · Genetically-modified organisms, including animals, plants, microorganisms materials not contaminated with biohazards). Specific Waste Types · Human blood and other potentially infectious body fluids and contaminated materials must be treated prior to disposal as solid waste refuse

  11. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 1/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    of an employee. Poles used to dislodge crusted grain can contact overhead power lines. The National Electrical by the most seasoned farm workers. This SOP highlights those hazards that are of greatest concern and guidance of a bucket elevator, which may create static electricity or sparks, are often the direct cause

  12. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 6/10)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    , and visitors at UNL who observe or participate in: 1. Vocational, technical, industrial arts, chemical, or chemical-physical courses of instruction involving potential exposure to: Hot molten metals or other molten metals. Milling, sawing, turning, shaping, cutting, grinding, or stamping of any solid materials

  13. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 1/12)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    at UNL. AEDs are small, portable devices that can be used to treat heart attack victims. Because is a Heart Attack? A heart attack (also called a myocardial infarction) is the death of part of the heart muscle due to sudden loss of blood supply. Death of the heart muscle often causes chest pain

  14. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 8/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    are in good condition (free of chips, cuts, warping, etc.). Hand and Portable Power Tools Hand and portable are used for their intended purpose. Compressed Air Receivers Pressure relief valve and/or pressure gauges its power source when welding operations are suspended. Hoses, regulators, cables, electrode holders

  15. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 10/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    the environment. In the context of the SPCC regulations, the definition of `oil' includes: 1. Gasoline. 2. Fuel) of the hazards of various types of oils that are subject to the SPCC Plan and storm water BMPs. Gasoline Gasoline temperatures. Gasoline vapors can travel to distant ignition sources and flash back. In confined and poorly

  16. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 11/11)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    ____________________________________________________________________________ (For assistance, please contact EHS at (402) 472-4925, or visit our web site at http) or operations that occur after dark, it must be noted on the data observation sheet. Opacity monitoring

  17. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    contact EHS at (402) 472-4925, or visit our web site at http://ehs.unl.edu/) Appropriate eye and face Additional Eye and Face Protection Considerations · As a rule of thumb, start with a shade that is too dark

  18. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 7/09)

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    ://ehs.unl.edu/) Ground glass is commonly used in laboratories. Any abrasion reduces the strength of glass, making it more · Wear heavy, water-resistant rubber gloves during glassware cleaning operations. Gloves with textured or slip-resistant palms are recommended. Also wear protective eyewear to prevent cleaning agents or glass

  19. Safe Disposal of Highly Reactive Chemicals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lunn, George; Sansone, Eric B.

    1994-01-01

    Provides specific procedures for the disposal of a variety of highly reactive chemicals and reports the results of a study of their safe disposal. Disposal of some problematic sulfur-containing compounds are included. Procedures are based on a combination of literature review and author development. (LZ)

  20. Safe driving for teens

    MedlinePLUS

    Driving and teenagers; Teens and safe driving; Automobile safety - teenage drivers ... Make a Commitment to Safety Teens also need to commit to being safe and responsible drivers in order improve the odds in their favor. Reckless driving is ...

  1. Choosing Safe Toys

    MedlinePLUS

    ... can contribute to hearing damage. Continue The Right Toys at the Right Ages Always read labels to ... standards set by Underwriters Laboratories. Back Continue Keeping Toys Safe at Home After you've bought safe ...

  2. Creating Food-Safe Schools: A How-to Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2006

    2006-01-01

    A food-safe school takes the steps to minimize the risk of foodborne illness throughout the school's environment and has procedures in place to identify and manage outbreaks if they occur. This booklet introduces the Food-Safe Schools Action Guide, which helps schools identify gaps in food safety and develop an action plan for becoming food-safe.

  3. Organizing safe transitions from intensive care.

    PubMed

    Hggstrm, Marie; Bckstrm, Britt

    2014-01-01

    Background. Organizing and performing patient transfers in the continuum of care is part of the work of nurses and other staff of a multiprofessional healthcare team. An understanding of discharge practices is needed in order to ultimate patients' transfers from high technological intensive care units (ICU) to general wards. Aim. To describe, as experienced by intensive care and general ward staff, what strategies could be used when organizing patient's care before, during, and after transfer from intensive care. Method. Interviews of 15 participants were conducted, audio-taped, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results. The results showed that the categories secure, encourage, and collaborate are strategies used in the three phases of the ICU transitional care process. The main category; a safe, interactive rehabilitation process, illustrated how all strategies were characterized by an intention to create and maintain safety during the process. A three-way interaction was described: between staff and patient/families, between team members and involved units, and between patient/family and environment. Discussion/Conclusions. The findings highlight that ICU transitional care implies critical care rehabilitation. Discharge procedures need to be safe and structured and involve collaboration, encouraging support, optimal timing, early mobilization, and a multidiscipline approach. PMID:24782924

  4. Organizing Safe Transitions from Intensive Care

    PubMed Central

    Hggstrm, Marie; Bckstrm, Britt

    2014-01-01

    Background. Organizing and performing patient transfers in the continuum of care is part of the work of nurses and other staff of a multiprofessional healthcare team. An understanding of discharge practices is needed in order to ultimate patients' transfers from high technological intensive care units (ICU) to general wards. Aim. To describe, as experienced by intensive care and general ward staff, what strategies could be used when organizing patient's care before, during, and after transfer from intensive care. Method. Interviews of 15 participants were conducted, audio-taped, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results. The results showed that the categories secure, encourage, and collaborate are strategies used in the three phases of the ICU transitional care process. The main category; a safe, interactive rehabilitation process, illustrated how all strategies were characterized by an intention to create and maintain safety during the process. A three-way interaction was described: between staff and patient/families, between team members and involved units, and between patient/family and environment. Discussion/Conclusions. The findings highlight that ICU transitional care implies critical care rehabilitation. Discharge procedures need to be safe and structured and involve collaboration, encouraging support, optimal timing, early mobilization, and a multidiscipline approach. PMID:24782924

  5. "How safe is splenectomy?".

    PubMed

    O'Sullivan, S T; Reardon, C M; O'Donnell, J A; Kirwan, W O; Brady, M P

    1994-08-01

    The increased risk of sepsis in patients following splenectomy has been well documented. Fear of overwhelming post-splenectomy sepsis (OPSI) has resulted in a generalized trend towards splenic salvage among surgeons. However, splenorrhaphy and attempts at splenic salvage may of themselves predispose to significant morbidity, sometimes more serious than increased susceptibility to infection associated with splenectomy. This study aims to assess the risk of splenectomy and subsequent asplenia. We reviewed 246 patients who underwent splenectomy over a 16 year period. Indications for splenectomy were considered under the following headings: haematological (N = 116), trauma (N = 69), visceral carcinoma (N = 28), incidental (N = 13) and miscellaneous (N = 20). There were 28 deaths in the series, primarily among those in the intra-abdominal carcinoma (13) and multiple trauma (13) groups. Two deaths were recorded among patients undergoing elective splenectomy for benign disease. Thrombo-embolic complications were recorded in nine patients; respiratory tract infection in 36 patients and intra-abdominal abscess in two patients. Two cases of post-splenectomy pneumococcal septicaemia were documented, neither of which was fatal. While not an entirely benign procedure, splenectomy can be performed relatively safely, especially when performed for benign disease in an adult population. PMID:8002263

  6. HS329 Risk Management Procedure Page 1 of 9 Version: 5.3 Effective 12 March 2014

    E-print Network

    New South Wales, University of

    HS329 Risk Management Procedure Page 1 of 9 Version: 5.3 Effective 12 March 2014 HS329 Risk 2011 Work Health and Safety Policy Code of Practice How to Manage Work Health and Safety Risks Safe Risk assessment and control procedure V4.1 File number 2012/03104 Associated documents Risk Management

  7. Development of a systems theoretical procedure for evaluation of the work organization of the cockpit crew of a civil transport airplane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fricke, M.; Vees, C.

    1983-01-01

    To achieve optimum design for the man machine interface with aircraft, a description of the interaction and work organization of the cockpit crew is needed. The development of system procedure to evaluate the work organization of pilots while structuring the work process is examined. Statistical data are needed to simulate sequences of pilot actions on the computer. Investigations of computer simulation and applicability for evaluation of crew concepts are discussed.

  8. 30 CFR 77.312 - Fail safe monitoring systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Thermal Dryers 77.312 Fail safe monitoring systems. Thermal dryer systems and controls shall be protected by a fail safe monitoring system which...

  9. 30 CFR 77.312 - Fail safe monitoring systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Thermal Dryers 77.312 Fail safe monitoring systems. Thermal dryer systems and controls shall be protected by a fail safe monitoring system which...

  10. The Fire Safe Council

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Utilizing the combined expertise, resources and distribution channels of its members, the Fire Safe Council fulfills its mission to preserve California's natural and manmade resources by mobilizing all Californians to make their homes, neighborhoods and communities fire safe. The Council has distributed fire prevention education materials to industry leaders and their constituents, evaluated legislation pertaining to fire safety and empowered grassroots organizations to spearhead fire safety programs. The site offers information on workshops and conferences, meeting minutes and details about local councils, an electronic newsletter, and fire safe education tools for individuals, business or local Fire Safe councils to raise awareness of the need to prepare for wildfires.

  11. Counterpane Labs: Password Safe

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Tired of trying to memorize numerous computer passwords? Password Safe is a free Windows 9x/2000 utility that provides users the opportunity to keep their passwords securely encrypted on their computers and provides a single Safe Combination that unlocks all passwords. Password Safe "protects passwords with the Blowfish encryption algorithm, a fast, free alternative to DES." The program's security has been thoroughly verified by Counterpane Labs under the supervision of Bruce Schneier, author of Applied Cryptography and creator of the Blowfish algorithm. Password Safe features a simple, intuitive interface that lets users set up their password database in minutes. One can copy a password just by double clicking and pasting it directly into his/her application. Best of all, Password Safe is completely free: no license requirements, shareware fees, or other strings attached.

  12. Improved water does not mean safe water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    MacDonald, L. H.; Guo, Y.; Schwab, K. J.

    2012-12-01

    This work presents a model for estimating global access to drinking water that meets World Health Organization (WHO) water quality guidelines. The currently accepted international estimate of global access to safe water, the WHO and United Nations Children's Fund's (UNICEF) Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) report, estimates the population with access to water service infrastructure that is classified as improved and unimproved. The JMP report uses access to improved water sources as a proxy for access to safe water, but improved water sources do not always meet drinking water quality guidelines. Therefore, this report likely overestimates the number of people with access to safe water. Based on the JMP estimate, the United Nations has recently announced that the world has reached the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target for access to safe water. Our new framework employs a statistical model that incorporates source water quality, water supply interruptions, water storage practices, and point of use water treatment to estimate access to safe water, resulting in a figure that is lower than the JMP estimate of global access to safe water. We estimate that at least 28% of the world does not have access to safe water today, as compared to the JMP estimate of 12%. These findings indicate that much more work is needed on the international scale to meet the MDG target for access to safe water.

  13. Staying Healthy and Safe at Work

    MedlinePLUS

    ... are some tips: Nausea Even though it's called morning sickness , nausea during pregnancy can happen at anytime during the day. Follow these tips to help ease morning sickness. Avoid smells or foods that bother you. Snack ...

  14. Safe Water for Kids

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website houses hands-on water education activities. These activities can be used indoors, in a classroom setting, or outdoors. Activity I, How Does Water Move Through the Earth, displays the presence and character of pore spaces in sediments and rocks. Activity II, Where Does Contamination Go, demonstrates the law of conservation of mass, and contaminant movement. Activity III, Is Dilution the Solution to Pollution, shows the effect of dilution on certain contaminants. Activity IV, Down the Drain and into the Yard, reveals how a private septic system works, ways it can be damaged and how it should be maintained. Activity V, Aquifer in a Pan, exhibits some aspects of the interactions between ground water and surface water. This activity provides a visual tool to show how water is stored in an aquifer, and how drinking water can become contaminated by human activities that occur near the earth's surface. All activities are available in a printer friendly format. Links are provided to Purdue University's Safe Water for the Future Extension Program.

  15. Working

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

  16. 48 CFR 8.405-1 - Ordering procedures for supplies, and services not requiring a statement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...not requiring a statement of work. 8.405-1 Section 8...not requiring a statement of work. (a) Ordering activities...task, where a statement of work is not required (e.g. ...vii) Environmental and energy efficiency considerations....

  17. NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR DEFINING WORKING DATABASES AND DATA ENTRY FORMS (HAND ENTRY) (UA-D-3.0)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of this SOP is to outline a standard approach to naming and defining variables, data types, and data entry forms. This procedure applies to all working databases created during the NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Keywords: databases; standards. The National...

  18. Acknowledgements This work was supported by Walt Disney Company's Animal Programs, New College of Florida and the University of South Florida. All experimental procedures were

    E-print Network

    Gentner, Timothy

    Acknowledgements This work was supported by Walt Disney Company's Animal Programs, New College of Florida and the University of South Florida. All experimental procedures were evaluated and approved according to animal welfare regulations specified under National Institutes of Health guidelines. We thank

  19. Work.

    PubMed

    Chambers, David W

    2002-01-01

    The very nature of work is changing because of rapid social change, a culture of abundance, and the ability to substitute information for equipment, inventory, and other material aspects of value creation. In America, we are experiencing an erosion of the concept of a "job," a dramatic shift to service and information as the basis for value added, market commercialism, and the importance of the self-managed career. In some of these areas, dentistry has been consistent with the patterns of innovation--even being a model in some cases. There are also areas where dentistry is moving in contrary directions. PMID:12602221

  20. Flame Tests Performed Safely

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Deborah Dogancay

    2005-09-01

    The trend toward inquiry-based learning is providing today's students with a more enriching education. When implementing inquiry it is important to recognize the great number of safety concerns that accompany this paradigm shift. Fortunately, with some consideration, teachers can shape students' laboratory experiments into safe and valuable learning experiences. One very popular demonstration is the flame test. The author provides a safe and effective alternative to the traditional flame test without the traditional use of methanol, and provides strategies that allow students to safely gain a better understanding of the atomic structure, the nature of light, and the electromagnetic spectrum.

  1. Safe cooperative robot dynamics on graphs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Ghrist; Daniel E. Koditschek

    2000-01-01

    Abstract This paper initiates the use of vector fields to design, optimize, and implement reactive schedules for safe cooperative robot pat- terns on planar graphs. We consider Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) operating upon a predefined network of pathways. contrast to the case of locally Euclidean configuration spaces, reg- ularization of collisions is no longer a local procedure, and issues

  2. SAFE SCHOOLSSAFE SCHOOLS March 21 & 22, 2012

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    , procedures and policies Learn new and practical ways to make your school a safe and caring community www of Impact Coaching and Speaking, Inc. He is a master speaker and trainer and his speaking style is engaging throughout Western Canada. #12;Differentiated Instruction: Who, Why and What John Linney, Impact Coaching

  3. Safe Passage: Making It through Adolescence in a Risky Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dryfoos, Joy G.

    The primary job of parents is to ensure safe passage for their children from infancy through adolescence to adulthood. Research has indicated many things schools can do to turn the privilege of safe passage into a right. Three research-based programs that work to achieve safe passage are described. The first is Caring Connection, a "one-stop-shop"

  4. Health and Safety Procedures Manual for hazardous waste sites

    SciTech Connect

    Thate, J.E.

    1992-09-01

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Chemical Assessments Team (ORNL/CAT) has developed this Health and Safety Procedures Manual for the guidance, instruction, and protection of ORNL/CAT personnel expected to be involved in hazardous waste site assessments and remedial actions. This manual addresses general and site-specific concerns for protecting personnel, the general public, and the environment from any possible hazardous exposures. The components of this manual include: medical surveillance, guidance for determination and monitoring of hazards, personnel and training requirements, protective clothing and equipment requirements, procedures for controlling work functions, procedures for handling emergency response situations, decontamination procedures for personnel and equipment, associated legal requirements, and safe drilling practices.

  5. Safe Food Preparation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-04-02

    In this activity about food safety and nutrition, learners investigate safe food preparation by making fruit ice cream. This lesson guide includes background information, variations and bilingual (English/Spanish) recipe cards.

  6. Safely Measuring Kids' Medicine

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... right-hand corner of the player. Safely Measuring Kids' Medicine HealthDay March 30, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Page ... favorite recipes, but when it comes to measuring kids medicine, teaspoons and tablespoons should be left in ...

  7. Is Sunscreen Safe?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a high risk of developing skin cancers. Is nanotechnology safe? Before nanotechnology could be used in sunscreens, considerable research was conducted. Sunscreens containing nanoparticle-size ingredients cannot get into the body when ...

  8. Environmentally safe fluid extractor

    DOEpatents

    Sungaila, Zenon F. (Orland Park, IL)

    1993-01-01

    An environmentally safe fluid extraction device for use in mobile laboratory and industrial settings comprising a pump, compressor, valving system, waste recovery tank, fluid tank, and a exhaust filtering system.

  9. Using Medications Safely

    MedlinePLUS

    ... health systems play an important role in preventing medication errors. To make sure you use medicines safely and effectively, ASHP recommends that you: Keep a list of all medications that you take (prescribed drugs, nonprescription medicines, herbal ...

  10. Safe biodegradable fluorescent particles

    DOEpatents

    Martin, Sue I. (Berkeley, CA); Fergenson, David P. (Alamo, CA); Srivastava, Abneesh (Santa Clara, CA); Bogan, Michael J. (Dublin, CA); Riot, Vincent J. (Oakland, CA); Frank, Matthias (Oakland, CA)

    2010-08-24

    A human-safe fluorescence particle that can be used for fluorescence detection instruments or act as a safe simulant for mimicking the fluorescence properties of microorganisms. The particle comprises a non-biological carrier and natural fluorophores encapsulated in the non-biological carrier. By doping biodegradable-polymer drug delivery microspheres with natural or synthetic fluorophores, the desired fluorescence can be attained or biological organisms can be simulated without the associated risks and logistical difficulties of live microorganisms.

  11. Asymptotically Safe Dark Matter

    E-print Network

    Sannino, Francesco

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a new paradigm for dark matter interactions according to which the interaction strength is asymptotically safe. In models of this type, the interaction strength is small at low energies but increases at higher energies towards a finite constant value of the coupling. The net effect is to partially offset direct detection constraints without affecting thermal freeze-out at higher energies. High-energy collider and indirect annihilation searches are the primary ways to constrain or discover asymptotically safe dark matter.

  12. Experience with fluorine and its safe use as a propellant

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bond, D. L.; Guenther, M. E.; Stimpson, L. D.; Toth, L. R.; Young, D. L.

    1979-01-01

    The industrial and the propulsion experience with fluorine and its derivatives is surveyed. The hazardous qualities of fluorine and safe handling procedures for the substance are emphasized. Procedures which fulfill the safety requirements during ground operations for handling fluorinated propulsion systems are discussed. Procedures to be implemented for use onboard the Space Transportation System are included.

  13. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 197 - Procedures for Historical Researchers Permanently Assigned Within the Executive Branch Working on...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Permanently Assigned Within the Executive Branch Working on Official Projects B Appendix B...Permanently Assigned Within the Executive Branch Working on Official Projects 1. The Head of...requested records are located in OSD Component working files. 2. The OSD Records...

  14. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 197 - Procedures for Historical Researchers Permanently Assigned Within the Executive Branch Working on...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Permanently Assigned Within the Executive Branch Working on Official Projects B Appendix B...Permanently Assigned Within the Executive Branch Working on Official Projects 1. The Head of...requested records are located in OSD Component working files. 2. The OSD Records...

  15. Family presence during resuscitation and invasive procedures: Physicians and nurses attitudes working in pediatric departments in Greece

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antigone Vavarouta; Theodoros Xanthos; Lila Papadimitriou; Evangelia Kouskouni; Nicoletta Iacovidou

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundFamily presence during resuscitation and invasive procedures (FPDRAIP) has been a frequent topic of debate among healthcare personnel worldwide. This paper determines the knowledge, experiences and views of Greek physicians and nurses on FPDRAIP and examines possible correlations and factors promoting or limiting the implementation of the issue.

  16. Decentralized Hiring Procedures Hiring Documentation for part-time employees includes; Student Wage, Non Student Wage, Work Study, Adjunct

    E-print Network

    to review and/or audit by Human Resources and Payroll, Internal Audit, State Auditor's Office, and the UDecentralized Hiring Procedures Scope Hiring Documentation for part-time employees includes for temporary and part- time employees electronically. For more information regarding how to process electronic

  17. AORN guidance statement: safe on-call practices in perioperative practice settings. Association of periOperative Registered Nurses.

    PubMed

    2005-05-01

    Call staffing and the associated long work hours can be challenging for both perioperative staff members and the health care organization. A change in culture is needed to recognize exhaustion as an unacceptable risk to patients and perioperative personnel safety. Perioperative health care providers have a personal responsibility to arrive at work fully rested. Health care organizations have a responsibility to create work and call schedules that consider the effect of long work hours on patient safety as well as perioperative staff members' welfare. The development of standardized safe work hours and call practices should reflect current recommendations emerging from authoritative sources, legislation, and empirical data. Prolonged work periods without adequate rest may contribute to diminished performance by perioperative personnel, placing both patients and workers at risk. This guidance statement may assist managers and clinicians in developing policies and procedures for safe call practices. PMID:15974387

  18. W.I. Fushchych, Scientific Works 2004, Vol. 6, 2429. The procedure of lowering the order and construction of general solutions for some

    E-print Network

    Popovych, Roman

    W.I. Fushchych, Scientific Works 2004, Vol. 6, 24­29. i ' i i i .I. , .. The procedure equations of mathematical physics are constructed. i i - 'i i i i i. i i i L(D[u]) + F(D[u]) = 0, (1) u = u(x), x = (x0, x1, . . . , xk); L -- i (ii ii): L ai (x, u)xi , (2) i i 0 k; ai

  19. YMCA National Safe Place

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In today's world where many social services for young people are being scaled back due to budgetary constraints, outreach programs such as Project Safe Place are important to know about. The program got its start in 1983 in Louisville, and since then has spread to many parts of the country. Essentially, the Safe Place program creates a network of locations (such as schools, fire stations, YMCAs, and libraries) where young people who may be distressed by difficult and threatening situations, such as domestic disputes or other such problems, can find help and support resources. On the site, visitors can learn in great detail about the program, find Safe Place locations around the country, and read about the organization's history and current leadership. One highlight to note on the site is the Teen Topics area, which has been designed specifically for teenagers as a place to read about topics they may have questions about, such as eating disorders, suicide, and teen crime.

  20. Exploring Safely: A Guide for Elementary Teachers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Juliana Texley

    2002-01-01

    Take the fear factor out of science lessons. This easy-to-digest book relieves many of the safety worries that come with teaching science in elementary school. The emphasis is on positive options for heading off potential hazards, from handling special equipment to conducting field studies. Chapters cover: - making safe work habits second nature to students - equipping your classroom for safety and conveniene, including organizational systems for preparation, setup, and cleanup - choosing and culturing live plants and animals for classroom study - working safely with electricity, chemicals, and volunteers A special added ingredient: model forms that can be adapted for your needs, including permission slips and student contracts. Best of all, a wealth of anecdotes about what works--and what doesn't--in real-life classrooms makes Exploring Safely enjoyable to read as well as to reference.

  1. Safe Chain Saw Operation.

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Gary S.

    1982-01-01

    Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1409 B-1409 SAFE CHAIN SAW OPERATION Gary S. Nelson* A chain saw is a portable power cutting machine. Used properly, it will trim or cut down trees, clear land or cut fireplace wood. Improperly used, a chain saw can...

  2. Keeping Campuses Safe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    1999-01-01

    Describes how colleges and universities are using technology, as well as traditional methods, to keep campuses safe and reduce crime. Topics include using free pizza in a successful contest to teach students about campus safety, installing security cameras, using access-control cards, providing adequate lighting, and creating a bicycle patrol

  3. Safe Entry, Easy Exit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    2008-01-01

    After violent episodes too numerous to list and too terrible to forget, schools and universities have been focused for several years on enhancing security in their facilities. Doors are among the most critical points of concern for school personnel responsible for keeping buildings safe. Education institutions want doors that let the right people

  4. Making Schools Safe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet M. Kilian; Marian C. Fish; Erica B. Maniago

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to study how an intervention decreased violence, and created and maintained a positive school environment, and safe school building. Also, this investigation considered how an intervention impacted student learning and academic progress, and positive and appropriate student relating and problem solving among peers and with adults. A school-wide, prosocial behavior management system, The Project

  5. Ultimate Safe (US) Reactor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. Gat; S. R. Daugherty

    1985-01-01

    The Ultimate Safe (US) Reactor is a reactor that eliminates the traditional safety concerns of nuclear fission reactors. The US reactor has an insignificant source term and no reasonable criticality accident. Furthermore, the negligible residual after-heat in the reactor renders its shutdown capability comparable or superior to conventional power sources. Fission products are continuously removed at the rate they are

  6. Medications: Using Them Safely

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to see if chilling the medicine is safe. Mixing the medicine with a small amount of liquid or soft food (such as applesauce or yogurt) may make it ... the medication's effectiveness will not be altered by mixing it with food or ... using a syringe, try squirting the medicine (a little bit at a time) on the ...

  7. Fishing for Safe Food

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    WGBH Educational Foundation

    2010-12-23

    This interactive game adapted from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is a fun way to learn which types of fish contain low levels of mercury and are safe to eat and which contain high levels and should be avoided.

  8. Safe paediatric intensive care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernhard Frey; Andrew Argent

    2004-01-01

    In order to optimise safety within the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU), it is essential to optimise organisation, identify problem areas and implement standards and guidelines for safe practice (with appropriate monitoring). Organisational issues have a major impact on safety: the introduction andrecentlycentralisation of paediatric intensive care, the appointment of dedicated paediatric intensivists, nursing staffing, handovers, rounds, the number of

  9. A Safe Haven.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lupinacci, Jeff

    2002-01-01

    Presents four key steps in planning for school security and creating a safe, secure environment for students: deterring the possibility of crime; detecting when something potentially troublesome has occurred; delaying criminals in order to give law enforcement officials the additional time needed to catch them; and recovering and continuing the

  10. Safe Halloween Thrills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuersten, Joan

    1998-01-01

    Two PTAs sponsored events that capitalized on Halloween themes, engaged their communities in fall celebrations, and were safe, wholesome, and fun. With help from local volunteers, one school turned its gymnasium into a 19th-century British town with a fall/Halloween theme. Another PTA hosted a carnival, Spooktacular, that involved community

  11. Texas A&M AgriLife Research Procedures 33.06.01.A0.02 Alternate Work Locations

    E-print Network

    for employment. · Have a current annual performance evaluation with an overall rating of "effective" or "highly effective," or equivalent language in modified performance evaluation forms approved by the AgriLife Human alternate work locations to meet the needs of the unit while helping to meet the employee's needs

  12. Safe abortion: WHO technical and policy guidance.

    PubMed

    Cook, R J; Dickens, B M; Horga, M

    2004-07-01

    In 2003, the World Health Organization published its well referenced handbook Safe Abortion: Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems to address the estimated almost 20 million induced abortions each year that are unsafe, imposing a burden of approximately 67 thousand deaths annually. It is a global injustice that 95% of unsafe abortions occur in developing countries. The focus of guidance is on abortion procedures that are lawful within the countries in which they occur, noting that in almost all countries, the law permits abortion to save a woman's life. The guidance treats unsafe abortion as a public health challenge, and responds to the problem through strategies concerning improved clinical care for women undergoing procedures, and the appropriate placement of necessary services. Legal and policy considerations are explored, and annexes present guidance to further reading, international consensus documents on safe abortion, and on manual vacuum aspiration and post-abortion contraception. PMID:15207687

  13. Analysis of organo-chlorine pesticides residue in raw coffee with a modified "quick easy cheap effective rugged and safe" extraction/clean up procedure for reducing the impact of caffeine on the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry measurement.

    PubMed

    Bresin, Bruno; Piol, Maria; Fabbro, Denis; Mancini, Maria Antonietta; Casetta, Bruno; Del Bianco, Clorinda

    2015-01-01

    The control of pesticide residues on raw coffee is a task of great importance due to high consumption of this beverage in Italy and in many other countries. High caffeine content can hamper extraction and measurement of any pesticide residue. A tandem extraction protocol has been devised by exploiting the quick easy cheap effective rugged and safe (QuEChERS) scheme for extraction, coupled to a dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction (DLLME) in order to drastically reduce caffeine content in the final extract. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been used for quantification of organo-chlorine pesticides in single ion monitoring (SIM) mode. Method has been validated and performances meet the criteria prescribed by European Union regulations. PMID:25537171

  14. Ultimate Safe (US) Reactor

    SciTech Connect

    Gat, U.; Daugherty, S.R.

    1985-01-01

    The Ultimate Safe (US) Reactor is a reactor that eliminates the traditional safety concerns of nuclear fission reactors. The US reactor has an insignificant source term and no reasonable criticality accident. Furthermore, the negligible residual after-heat in the reactor renders its shutdown capability comparable or superior to conventional power sources. Fission products are continuously removed at the rate they are produced. The reactor is operated with no excess criticality, hence no criticality accident is reasonably possible. The reactor is controlled safely by its negative temperature coeffiient. The reactor maintains criticality by an internal breeding ratio that is trimmed to be exactly one. The US reactor requires a fluid fuel and on-line, continuous fuel processing. Molten salt fuel was selected for its low vapor pressure at high temperature; adequate solubility of uranium and thorium as fluorides; good compatibility with structural materials; absence of irradiation damage; high negative temperature coefficient and amply developed technology and experience.

  15. Microelectromechanical safe arm device

    DOEpatents

    Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM)

    2012-06-05

    Microelectromechanical (MEM) apparatus and methods for operating, for preventing unintentional detonation of energetic components comprising pyrotechnic and explosive materials, such as air bag deployment systems, munitions and pyrotechnics. The MEM apparatus comprises an interrupting member that can be moved to block (interrupt) or complete (uninterrupt) an explosive train that is part of an energetic component. One or more latching members are provided that engage and prevent the movement of the interrupting member, until the one or more latching members are disengaged from the interrupting member. The MEM apparatus can be utilized as a safe and arm device (SAD) and electronic safe and arm device (ESAD) in preventing unintentional detonations. Methods for operating the MEM apparatus include independently applying drive signals to the actuators coupled to the latching members, and an actuator coupled to the interrupting member.

  16. Safe Baby university

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K Rosenthal; S J Smith; J Moss; R Schwenn; R Davis; L Cain-Martin

    2010-01-01

    PurposeUnsafe sleep is the number one killer of children from 1 month to 1 year of age. In Wayne County, infants are at high risk for death due to unsafe sleep. Detroit has the highest infant mortality in Michigan.MethodsSafe Baby university addresses the lack of knowledge that parents\\/caregivers have regarding unsafe sleep and other top causes of injury and death

  17. Critical anatomic concepts for safe surgical mesh.

    PubMed

    Corton, Marlene M

    2013-06-01

    A comprehensive knowledge of the boundaries, contents, and interactions between surgical spaces is essential to safely and effectively perform mesh-augmented prolapse repairs and anti-incontinence procedures. This knowledge is also critical when managing intraoperative and postoperative complications such as bleeding, visceral injury, mesh erosion, exposure, or extrusion, and pelvic pain, groin pain, and dyspareunia. We present a detailed description of the surgical spaces entered during mesh augmented vaginal repair procedures and suggest strategies to avoid nerve and visceral injuries. PMID:23632640

  18. Addressing Lead-Based Paint Hazards During Renovation, Remodeling, and Rehabilitation in Federally Owned and Assisted Housing. Instructor Manual for Use in HUD-Sponsored Lead-Safe Work Practices Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics.

    This document is the instructor's manual for a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) training course that reflects the requirements of HUD's Lead Safe Housing Rule and is designed to provide training contractors with information regarding containment, minimization, and cleanup of lead hazards during activities that disturb

  19. Production Line Materials. Youth Training Scheme. Core Exemplar Work Based Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Further Education Staff Coll., Blagdon (England).

    This trainer's guide is intended to assist supervisors of work-based career training projects in helping students understand the operation of an assembly line, including safe working procedures. The guide is one in a series of core curriculum modules that is intended for use in combination on- and off-the-job programs to familiarize youth with the

  20. Decommissioning procedures for an 11 MeV self-shielded medical cyclotron after 16 years of working time.

    PubMed

    Calandrino, R; del Vecchio, A; Savi, A; Todde, S; Griffoni, V; Brambilla, S; Parisi, R; Simone, G; Fazio, F

    2006-06-01

    The present article describes the decommissioning of a compact, self-shielded, 11 MeV medical cyclotron. A Monte Carlo simulation of the possible nuclear reactions was performed in order to plan the decommissioning activities. In the course of the cyclotron dismantling, cyclotron components, shields, and floor concrete samples were measured. Residual activities were analyzed with a Ge(Li) detector and compared with simulation data. Doses to staff involved in the decommissioning procedure were monitored by individual TL dosimeters. The simulations identified five radioactive nuclides in shields and floor concrete: 55Fe and 45Ca (beta emitters, total specific activity: 2.29 x 10(4) Bq kg) and 152Eu, 154Eu, 60Co (gamma emitters, total specific activity: 1.62 x 10(3) Bq kg-1). Gamma-ray spectrometry confirmed the presence of gamma emitters, corresponding to a total specific activity of 3.40 x 10(2) Bq kg-1. The presence of the radioisotope 124Sb in the lead contained in the shield structure, corresponding to a simulated specific activity of 9.38 x 10(3) Bq kg-1, was experimentally confirmed. The measured dose from external exposure of the involved staff was <20 muSv, in accordance with the expected range of values between 10 and 20 muSv. The measured dose from intake was negligible. Finally, the decommissioning of the 11 MeV cyclotron does not represent a risk for the involved staff, but due to the presence of long-lived radioisotopes, the cyclotron components are to be treated as low level radioactive waste and stored in an authorized storage area. PMID:16691108

  1. How to Safely Give Acetaminophen

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2 tablets 72-95 lbs. (11 years) 3 tablets Reviewed by: Steve Dowshen, MD, and Karla R. Hughes, RPh Date ... Using Them Safely Headaches How to Safely Give Ibuprofen Why Do I Have Pain? A Kid's Guide ...

  2. Playing it Safe with Eggs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in Foodborne Illness & Contaminants Buy, Store & Serve Safe Food Beverages & Juice Dairy & Eggs Fruits, Vegetables & Nuts Seafood Refrigeration & Safe Handling of Food Holidays & Picnics Page Last Updated: 03/30/2015 ...

  3. A Safe School's Top 10 Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunner, Judy; Lewis, Dennis

    2005-01-01

    An environment of safety in the school seldom comes down to any one particular component or plan; it is a combination of strategies and ideas that makes a school safe and secure for everyone. In this article, the authors provide practical information to educators who are already working to capacity in terms of time allocation and monetary

  4. Safe Space Oddity: Revisiting Critical Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redmond, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    Inspired by an incident in a social work graduate classroom in which she was a teaching assistant, the author reflects on her commitment to constructivist teaching methods, critical theory, and critical pedagogy. Exploring the educational utility of notions such as public space and safe space, the author employs this personal experience to examine

  5. Flexible ACT & Resource-group ACT: Different Working Procedures Which Can Supplement and Strengthen Each Other. A Response#

    PubMed Central

    van Veldhuizen, Remmers; Delespaul, Philippe; Kroon, Hans; Mulder, Niels

    2015-01-01

    This article is a response to Nordn and Norlanders Absence of Positive Results for Flexible Assertive Community Treatment. What is the next approach?[1], in which they assert that at present [there is] no evidence for Flexible ACT and that RACT might be able to provide new impulses and new vitality to the treatment mode of ACT. We question their analyses and conclusions. We clarify Flexible ACT, referring to the Flexible Assertive Community Treatment Manual (van Veldhuizen, 2013) [2] to rectify misconceptions. We discuss Nordn and Norlanders interpretation of research on Flexible ACT. The fact that too little research has been done and that there are insufficient positive results cannot serve as a reason to propagate RACT. However, the Resource Group method does provide inspiration for working with clients to involve their networks more effectively in Flexible ACT.

  6. Safe venting of hydrogen

    SciTech Connect

    Stewart, W.F.; Dewart, J.M.; Edeskuty, F.J.

    1990-01-01

    The disposal of hydrogen is often required in the operation of an experimental facility that contains hydrogen. Whether the vented hydrogen can be discharged to the atmosphere safely depends upon a number of factors such as the flow rate and atmospheric conditions. Calculations have been made that predict the distance a combustible mixture can extend from the point of release under some specified atmospheric conditions. Also the quantity of hydrogen in the combustible cloud is estimated. These results can be helpful in deciding of the hydrogen can be released directly to the atmosphere, or if it must be intentionally ignited. 15 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. Laser Safety Policy Procedure: 6.15 Version: 2.0 Revised: 09/15/2013

    E-print Network

    Jia, Songtao

    Laser Safety Policy Procedure: 6.15 Version: 2.0 Revised: 09/15/2013 Page 1 of 18 A. Purpose Enforce the safe work practices outlined in the Laser Safety Program. o Prepared Standard Operating operate them. o Ensure personnel using lasers have attended Laser Safety Training prior to operating

  8. Protection from Potential Exposure for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement

    SciTech Connect

    Shipler, Dillard B.; Rudko, Vladimir; Batiy, Valeriy; Timmins, Douglas C.; Brothers, Alan J.; Schmidt, John P.; Swearingen, Gary L.; Schmieman, Eric A.

    2004-03-24

    The Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium has recently completed developing the conceptual design for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement (NSC). Battelle has the scope of work related to environment and safety of the design. As part of the safety analysis, an analysis was performed to determine the degree of protection to be provided during the construction and 100-year operation period for expected upsets and lower-probability events that would occur from errors, procedures, other human factors, and equipment failures, i.e., ''potential exposures'' other than normal operations. The analysis was based on results of the Preliminary Hazards Analysis. The potential exposure analysis was performed in accordance with existing Ukranian regulations and working processes and procedures in place at the Shelter Object. KSK (a Ukranian Consortium), a subcontractor to the Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium, performed much of the dose analysis. The analysis concluded that potential exposures, outside of those expected during normal operations, would be acceptable and that design criteria and features, and preventative and mitigative measures currently in place at the Shelter would be sufficient to meet operating exposure limits.

  9. Safe prescribing: a titanic challenge

    PubMed Central

    Routledge, Philip A

    2012-01-01

    The challenge to achieve safe prescribing merits the adjective titanic. The organisational and human errors leading to poor prescribing (e.g. underprescribing, overprescribing, misprescribing or medication errors) have parallels in the organisational and human errors that led to the loss of the Titanic 100 years ago this year. Prescribing can be adversely affected by communication failures, critical conditions, complacency, corner cutting, callowness and a lack of courage of conviction, all of which were also factors leading to the Titanic tragedy. These issues need to be addressed by a commitment to excellence, the final component of the Seven C's. Optimal prescribing is dependent upon close communication and collaborative working between highly trained health professionals, whose role is to ensure maximum clinical effectiveness, whilst also protecting their patients from avoidable harm. Since humans are prone to error, and the environments in which they work are imperfect, it is not surprising that medication errors are common, occurring more often during the prescribing stage than during dispensing or administration. A commitment to excellence in prescribing includes a continued focus on lifelong learning (including interprofessional learning) in pharmacology and therapeutics. This should be accompanied by improvements in the clinical working environment of prescribers, and the encouragement of a strong safety culture (including reporting of adverse incidents as well as suspected adverse drug reactions whenever appropriate). Finally, members of the clinical team must be prepared to challenge each other, when necessary, to ensure that prescribing combines the highest likelihood of benefit with the lowest potential for harm. PMID:22738396

  10. Safe prescribing: a titanic challenge.

    PubMed

    Routledge, Philip A

    2012-10-01

    The challenge to achieve safe prescribing merits the adjective 'titanic'. The organisational and human errors leading to poor prescribing (e.g. underprescribing, overprescribing, misprescribing or medication errors) have parallels in the organisational and human errors that led to the loss of the Titanic 100 years ago this year. Prescribing can be adversely affected by communication failures, critical conditions, complacency, corner cutting, callowness and a lack of courage of conviction, all of which were also factors leading to the Titanic tragedy. These issues need to be addressed by a commitment to excellence, the final component of the 'Seven C's'. Optimal prescribing is dependent upon close communication and collaborative working between highly trained health professionals, whose role is to ensure maximum clinical effectiveness, whilst also protecting their patients from avoidable harm. Since humans are prone to error, and the environments in which they work are imperfect, it is not surprising that medication errors are common, occurring more often during the prescribing stage than during dispensing or administration. A commitment to excellence in prescribing includes a continued focus on lifelong learning (including interprofessional learning) in pharmacology and therapeutics. This should be accompanied by improvements in the clinical working environment of prescribers, and the encouragement of a strong safety culture (including reporting of adverse incidents as well as suspected adverse drug reactions whenever appropriate). Finally, members of the clinical team must be prepared to challenge each other, when necessary, to ensure that prescribing combines the highest likelihood of benefit with the lowest potential for harm. PMID:22738396

  11. Perforated Appendicitis: Is Laparoscopy Safe?

    PubMed Central

    Tirabassi, Michael V.; Tashjian, David B.; Konefal, Stanley H.; Courtney, Richard A.; Sachs, Barry F.

    2004-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopy in children with perforated appendicitis. Methods: This is a retrospective review of consecutive patients under the age of 18, operated on for perforated appendicitis between September 1997 and December 1999. Results: Sixty-nine patients were operated on for perforated appendicitis. Eleven appendectomies were performed laparoscopically. Fifty-four patients underwent an open appendectomy. Four laparoscopic appendectomies were converted to an open procedure. The mean operative time was 79 minutes for the laparoscopic group, and 87 minutes for the open group. The mean length of hospital stay was 5.4 days versus 7.6 days for the laparoscopic and open groups, respectively. Neither of these differences was statistically significant. Conclusions: The above data support the use of laparoscopy in the management of perforated appendicitis in children. In conclusion, laparoscopy is as safe as open appendectomy. Laparoscopy is an effective alternative with a shorter length of hospital stay compared with that for an open appendectomy for perforated appendicitis in children. PMID:15119659

  12. Young Children Can Be Key to Fire-Safe Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kourofsky, Carolyn E.; Cole, Robert E.

    2010-01-01

    For more than 15 years, preschool programs nationwide have worked with Fireproof Children/Prevention First, an international center for injury prevention research and education, to bring fire safety education to young children and their families. The "play safe! be safe!"[R] curriculum includes lessons that young children can learn and understand,

  13. Safe pill-dispensing.

    PubMed

    Testa, Massimiliano; Pollard, John

    2007-01-01

    Each patient is supplied with a smart-card containing a Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) chip storing a unique identification code. The patient places the Smart-card on a pill-dispenser unit containing an RFID reader. The RFID chip is read and the code sent to a Base-station via a wireless Bluetooth link. A database containing both patient details and treatment information is queried at the Base-station using the RFID as the search key. The patient's treatment data (i.e., drug names, quantities, time, etc.) are retrieved and sent back to the pill-dispenser unit via Bluetooth. Appropriate quantities of the required medications are automatically dispensed, unless the patient has already taken his/her daily dose. Safe, confidential communication and operation is ensured. PMID:17901607

  14. Removing Hair Safely

    MedlinePLUS

    ... common methods of hair removal. back to top Laser Hair Removal In this method, a laser destroys hair follicles with heat. Sometimes it is ... a topical anesthetic product be used before a laser hair removal procedure, to minimize pain. In these ...

  15. Methods and Procedures for Shielding Analyses for the SNS

    SciTech Connect

    Gallmeier, Franz X [ORNL] [ORNL; Iverson, Erik B [ORNL] [ORNL; Remec, Igor [ORNL] [ORNL; Lu, Wei [ORNL] [ORNL; Popova, Irina [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    In order to provide radiologically safe Spallation Neutron Source operation, shielding analyses are performed according to Oak Ridge National Laboratory internal regulations and to comply with the Code of Federal Regulations. An overview of on-going shielding work for the accelerator facility and neutrons beam lines, methods, used for the analyses, and associated procedures and regulations is presented. Methods used to perform shielding analyses are described as well.

  16. Safe handling of chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of nonmalignant diseases.

    PubMed

    Menonna-Quinn, Denise

    2013-01-01

    Chemotherapy administration was once limited to inpatient oncology units. Over time, outpatient facilities, physicians' private offices, and patients' homes have become popular areas to administer chemotherapeutic agents. Chemotherapy has been successful in treating malignancies and recently has been proved to be effective in nononcology patients as well. The expanded use of these agents has created the need to amplify safe handling practices among health care providers. Evidence indicates that there is a heightened awareness of safe handling practices and the increased availability of the necessary tools. However, health care professionals resist protecting themselves. To avoid the potential risks associated with working with these agents, it is imperative to appreciate the dangers of these hazardous medications, to adhere to the safety mechanisms, and to use the available safety resources on a daily basis. Continuous education of health care providers is fundamental to ensuring safety and positive outcomes. Safe handling procedures can be implemented by adhering to the current standards and integrating them into policies and procedure manuals at practicing institutions. PMID:23558919

  17. 25 CFR 700.55 - Decent, safe, and sanitary dwelling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (3) Has an adequate and safe electrical wiring system for lighting and other electrical services where economically...good working order and properly connected to a sewage drainage system; and (9) In the case of new construction or...

  18. 29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

  19. 29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

  20. 29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

  1. 29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

  2. 29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

  3. Teens for Safe Cosmetics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-04-13

    In this video adapted from Earth Island Institute's New Leaders Initiative, meet a high school student who worked to enact a state law to make cosmetics safer, after she learned they contained toxic chemicals linked to cancer.

  4. Safe in the city.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Norma R

    2008-10-01

    Workplace danger and violence are complex problems that affect nurses more often than is recognized. The home healthcare work environment is challenging enough without the additional risks associated with working out in the open or within a client's home. Every clinician working in home health today understands the demands of visits or extended care in the home and often reluctantly accepts the involved risk. The clinician working in the rural setting may experience similar challenges, but in large metropolitan cities, it has become increasingly frightening as crime, drug use, gangs, violence, homelessness, and transportation issues have made the clinician's job much tougher. It is important to renew awareness and remind clinicians to maintain constant vigilance for personal safety. PMID:18849719

  5. Use Medicines Safely

    MedlinePLUS

    ... medicines away. Sometimes you can choose between a generic medicine and a brand name medicine. Generic and brand name medicines work the same way. Generic medicine usually costs less. Talk to your doctor, pharmacist, ...

  6. Take Your Medicines Safely

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... better, the antibiotic is working in killing the bacteria, but it might not completely give what they call a "bactericidal effect." That means taking the bacteria completely out of the system. It might be ...

  7. Mobile Safe Ambients FRANCESCA LEVI

    E-print Network

    Parrow, Joachim

    Mobile Safe Ambients FRANCESCA LEVI University of Pisa and DAVIDE SANGIORGI INRIA Sophia-Antipolis Two forms of interferences are individuated in Cardelli and Gordon's Mobile Ambients (MA): plain, the MA movement primitives are modi#12;ed; the resulting calculus is called Mobile Safe Ambients (SA

  8. Secure Safe Ambients Michele Bugliesi

    E-print Network

    Bugliesi, Michele

    Secure Safe Ambients Michele Bugliesi Universita "Ca' Foscari", Venice michele Ambients (SSA) are a typed variant of Safe Ambients [9], whose type system allows behavioral invariants of ambients to be expressed and verified. The most significant aspect of the type system is its ability

  9. KEEPING OURSELVES SAFE NEAR DOGS

    E-print Network

    Little, Tony

    KEEPING OURSELVES SAFE NEAR DOGS Kendal Shepherd (BVSc, CCAB, MRCVS) Adapted for classroom use;2 Keeping ourselves safe near dogs 1 Do you have a pet dog? 2 Do you like dogs? 3 Does a relative of yours have a pet dog? 4 What makes dogs likely to bite? 5 How can we prevent a dog biting us? 6 Is a small

  10. Color Me Safe Coloring Book

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Me Safe is a coloring book designed for children ages four to seven. Throughout the book, the Safe Family takes simple steps to prevent injuries, such as installing smoke alarms and using child safety seats. Children can have fun coloring the pictures and reading ...

  11. Back to basics: procedural sedation.

    PubMed

    Spruce, Lisa

    2015-03-01

    Patients undergoing surgery frequently receive procedural sedation from RNs in the perioperative setting. With appropriate training, perioperative RNs can administer procedural sedation safely and effectively, helping to eliminate the pain and anxiety often experienced by patients. Facility sedation protocols should provide guidance on training requirements, the RN's role, the credentialing process, the medications the RN may use, and when anesthesia personnel should be consulted. Creating these protocols isguided bystate scope of practice laws, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Interpretive Guidelines, andaccreditation requirements. Training, physician guidance, and appropriate protocols give the necessary support for perioperative nurses to provide safe and effective procedural sedation. PMID:25707727

  12. Keeping Food Safe in the MarketKeeping Food Safe in the Market ood safety risks and responsibilities: Farmers markets are a great way for consumers to get fresh produce, to

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Keeping Food Safe in the MarketKeeping Food Safe in the Market F ood safety risks procedures to decrease the risk of contamination of the food products is the responsibility of the both the managers and the vendors. The safety of food products begins on the farm, but safe food handling strategies

  13. Implantable medical devices MRI safe.

    PubMed

    Dal Molin, Renzo; Hecker, Bertrand

    2013-01-01

    Pacemakers, ICDs, neurostimulators like deep brain stimulator electrodes, spiral cord stimulators, insulin pumps, cochlear implants, retinal implants, hearing aids, electro cardio gram (ECG) leads, or devices in interventional MRI such as vascular guide wires or catheters are affected by MRI magnetic and electromagnetic fields. Design of MRI Safe medical devices requires computer modeling, bench testing, phantom testing, and animal studies. Implanted medical devices can be MRI unsafe, MRI conditional or MRI safe (see glossary). In the following paragraphs we will investigate how to design implanted medical devices MRI safe. PMID:23739365

  14. SAFE DRINKING WATER FROM SMALL SYSTEMS: TREATMENT OPTIONS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Bringing small water systems into compliance with the ever-increasing number of regulations will require flexibility in terms of technology application and institional procedures. his article looks at the means by which small systems can provide safe drinking water, focusing on t...

  15. Inexpensive and Safe DNA Gel Electrophoresis Using Household Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ens, S.; Olson, A. B.; Dudley, C.; Ross, N. D., III; Siddiqi, A. A.; Umoh, K. M.; Schneegurt, M. A.

    2012-01-01

    Gel electrophoresis is the single most important molecular biology technique and it is central to life sciences research, but it is often too expensive for the secondary science classroom or homeschoolers. A simple safe low-cost procedure is described here that uses household materials to construct and run DNA gel electrophoresis. Plastic

  16. Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development

    E-print Network

    Sohoni, Milind

    Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development Rahul Gokhale-monsoon Groundwater(GW) levels are important for the periodic categorisation of regions in India according to their GW-safety. A specific procedure has been recommended by the Groundwater Estimation Committee, 1997(GEC'97), constituted

  17. New approaches in safe handling of hazardous drugs.

    PubMed

    2004-01-01

    This session provided an overview of the health effects of occupational exposure to hazardous drugs and provided information about specific steps that can be taken to reduce accidental exposure, such as reducing surface contamination, use of personal protective equipment, and proper disposal guidelines, among other safe practices. Tips for developing or auditing safety procedures in the workplace were provided as well. PMID:15478576

  18. NASA trend analysis procedures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    This publication is primarily intended for use by NASA personnel engaged in managing or implementing trend analysis programs. 'Trend analysis' refers to the observation of current activity in the context of the past in order to infer the expected level of future activity. NASA trend analysis was divided into 5 categories: problem, performance, supportability, programmatic, and reliability. Problem trend analysis uncovers multiple occurrences of historical hardware or software problems or failures in order to focus future corrective action. Performance trend analysis observes changing levels of real-time or historical flight vehicle performance parameters such as temperatures, pressures, and flow rates as compared to specification or 'safe' limits. Supportability trend analysis assesses the adequacy of the spaceflight logistics system; example indicators are repair-turn-around time and parts stockage levels. Programmatic trend analysis uses quantitative indicators to evaluate the 'health' of NASA programs of all types. Finally, reliability trend analysis attempts to evaluate the growth of system reliability based on a decreasing rate of occurrence of hardware problems over time. Procedures for conducting all five types of trend analysis are provided in this publication, prepared through the joint efforts of the NASA Trend Analysis Working Group.

  19. Laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure.

    PubMed

    Fiscon, Valentino; Portale, Giuseppe; Mazzeo, Antonio; Migliorini, Giovanni; Frigo, Flavio

    2014-12-01

    Reestablishing continuity after a Hartmann's procedure is considered a major surgical procedure with high morbidity/mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the short-/long-term outcome of laparoscopic restoration of bowel continuity after HP. A prospectively collected database of colorectal laparoscopic procedures (>800) performed between June 2005 and June 2013 was used to identify 20 consecutive patients who had undergone laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's procedure (LHR). Median age was 65.4. Ten patients (50 %) had undergone surgery for perforated diverticulitis, 3 (15 %) for cancer, and 7 (35 %) for other reasons (volvulus, posttraumatic perforation, and sigmoid perforation from foreign body). Previous HP had been performed laparoscopically in only 3 patients. Median operative time was 162.5 min. All the procedures were completed laparoscopically. Intraoperative complication rate was nil. Post-operative mortality and morbidity were respectively 0 and 10 % (1 pneumonia, 1 bowel obstruction from post-anastomotic stenosis which required resection and redo of the anastomosis). Median time to first flatus was 3 days, to normal diet 5 days. Median hospital stay was 9 days without readmissions. We followed up the patients for a median of 44 months: when asked, all 20 (100 %) said they would undergo the operation (LHR) again; 3 (15 %) had been re-operated of laparoscopic mesh repair for incisional hernia. When performed by experienced surgeons, LHR is a feasible, safe, reproducible operation, which allows early return of bowel function, early discharge and fast return to work for the patient. It has a low morbidity rate. PMID:25262377

  20. Safe Operating Procedure NUGRANT IBC PROTOCOL FORM INSTRUCTIONS FOR

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    animals for surveillance of agents infectious to humans and/or animals designated at BSL-2 or higher. Trapping and handling of wild animals that may transmit significant or life threatening zoonotic diseases including wild animals. If samples are to be brought back to a lab on UNL's campus, please complete

  1. Laparoscopic treatment of ovarian dermoid cysts is a safe procedure

    PubMed Central

    Godinjak, Zulfo; Bilalovi?, Nurija; Idrizbegovi?, Edin

    2011-01-01

    Experienced laparoscopic surgeons should consider laparoscopy as an alternative to laparotomy in management of ovarian dermoid cysts in selected cases. The aim of this study was to analyze the safety of laparoscopy in ovarian dermoid cysts treatment and risk of chemical peritonitis. We report 63 cases of patients (mean age of 37) with ovarian dermoid cysts originating from the ovary, treated from 2002 to 2010. Most of the patients underwent cysts removal. In 7 patients salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. We used 15 mm trocars for removing specimens. In patients with dermoid cyst rupture peritoneal cavity was washed out thoroughly with Ringer lactate and drained for 24-48 hours. All the material extracted was sent for a histopathology examination. The diagnosis of mature ovarian dermoid cysts was confirmed in 58 (92.63%) of cases and immature ovarian dermoid cysts in 5 (7.37%) cases. Dermoid cysts were composed of tissue developed from three germinative layers in 31 (49%) patients, from two germinative layers in 25 (40%), and in 7 (11%) patients from one germinative layer. No intra or postoperative complications occurred. No signs or symptoms of chemical peritonitis were observed regardless of cystic spillage or not. We conclude that the risk of chemical peritonitis can be minimized when undertaking laparoscopic removal of ovarian dermoid cysts if the peritoneal cavity is washed out thoroughly from spillage of cyst contents. Drainage of peritoneal cavity should be performed in the patients with the ruptured dermoid cysts. PMID:22117832

  2. Safe Operating Procedure EXPLOSIVE (POWDER) ACTUATED TOOL SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    , the operator must inspect to verify that the tool is clean, all moving parts operate freely, the barrel is free of the barrel end. · In case of a misfire, the operator must hold the tool in the operating position, cast iron, glazed tile, surface-hardened steel, glass block, live rock, face brick, or hollow tile

  3. Basics for Handling Food Safely

    MedlinePLUS

    ... public health agency in the U.S. Department of Agriculture responsible for ensuring that the nations commercial supply of meat, poultry, and egg products is safe, wholesome, and correctly labeled and packaged. USDA Photo ...

  4. Indoor Tanning Is Not Safe

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Badges Stay Informed Cancer Home Indoor Tanning Is Not Safe Language: English Espaol (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook ... used. Facts About Indoor Tanning Tanning indoors is not safer than tanning in the sun. Indoor tanning ...

  5. Are You Storing Food Safely?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Department of Health and Human Services FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration Protecting and Promoting Your Health ... Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Are You Storing Food Safely? Search the Consumer Updates Section Get Consumer ...

  6. Portable eye-safe ceilometers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kryuchkov, A. V.; Grishin, A. I.; Gricuta, A. N.

    2014-11-01

    Developed and tested a simplified version of the definition of the cloud base height of the backscatter signal obtained in the laser meter height of the cloud base with eye-safe level of radiation intensity.

  7. Dare You Play It Safe?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gluck, Paul; Yaron, Oded; Harmatz, Margalit

    2006-10-01

    We should like to present here the winning entry in last year's "cracking the safe" nationwide competition for Israeli high schools, organized annually by the youth wing of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovoth.

  8. A model for a space shuttle safing and failure-detection expert

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zeilingold, Daphna; Hoey, John

    1990-01-01

    The safing and failure-detection expert (SAFE) is a prototype for a malfunction detection, diagnosis, and safing system for the atmospheric revitalization subsystem (ARS) in the Space Shuttle orbiter. SAFE, whose knowledge was extracted from expert-provided heuristics and documented procedures, automatically manages all phases of failure handling: detection, diagnosis, testing procedures, and recovery instructions. The SAFE architecture allows it to handle correctly sensor failures and multiple malfunctions. Since SAFE is highly interactive, it was used as a test bed for the evaluation of various advanced human-computer interface (HCI) techniques. The use of such expert systems in the next generation of space vehicles would increase their reliability and autonomy to levels not achievable before.

  9. Western is committed to an environment that is free of harassment and violence. We all have a role in ensuring Western is a safe, respectful environment for working, learning, and living.

    E-print Network

    Denham, Graham

    and Education on Violence against Women and Children reports that in the U.S. 24% of employees have experiencedWestern is committed to an environment that is free of harassment and violence. We all have a role domestic violence and 70% of individuals suffering from domestic violence are victimized at work. Thank you

  10. Safe genetically engineered plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosellini, D.; Veronesi, F.

    2007-10-01

    The application of genetic engineering to plants has provided genetically modified plants (GMPs, or transgenic plants) that are cultivated worldwide on increasing areas. The most widespread GMPs are herbicide-resistant soybean and canola and insect-resistant corn and cotton. New GMPs that produce vaccines, pharmaceutical or industrial proteins, and fortified food are approaching the market. The techniques employed to introduce foreign genes into plants allow a quite good degree of predictability of the results, and their genome is minimally modified. However, some aspects of GMPs have raised concern: (a) control of the insertion site of the introduced DNA sequences into the plant genome and of its mutagenic effect; (b) presence of selectable marker genes conferring resistance to an antibiotic or an herbicide, linked to the useful gene; (c) insertion of undesired bacterial plasmid sequences; and (d) gene flow from transgenic plants to non-transgenic crops or wild plants. In response to public concerns, genetic engineering techniques are continuously being improved. Techniques to direct foreign gene integration into chosen genomic sites, to avoid the use of selectable genes or to remove them from the cultivated plants, to reduce the transfer of undesired bacterial sequences, and make use of alternative, safer selectable genes, are all fields of active research. In our laboratory, some of these new techniques are applied to alfalfa, an important forage plant. These emerging methods for plant genetic engineering are briefly reviewed in this work.

  11. 105-H Reactor Interim Safe Storage Project Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    E.G. Ison

    2008-11-08

    The following information documents the decontamination and decommissioning of the 105-H Reactor facility, and placement of the reactor core into interim safe storage. The D&D of the facility included characterization, engineering, removal of hazardous and radiologically contaminated materials, equipment removal, decontamination, demolition of the structure, and restoration of the site. The ISS work also included construction of the safe storage enclosure, which required the installation of a new roofing system, power and lighting, a remote monitoring system, and ventilation components.

  12. From Barrier Free to Safe Environments: The New Zealand Experience. Monograph #44.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wrightson, William; Pope, Campbell

    Intrinsically safe design is presented as a logical extension of the principles of barrier free design, and as a higher level design strategy for effecting widespread implementation of the basic accessibility requirements for people with disabilities. Two fundamental planning procedures are proposed: including principles of safe and accessible

  13. Practical Tips for the Safe Handling of Micro-organisms in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holt, G.

    1974-01-01

    Outlines safe laboratory procedures for the handling of micro-organisms including aseptic technique, manipulation of cultures, and treatment of contaminated equipment. Identifies the principal hazard as the microbial aerosol, explains its possible effects, and describes the appropriate precautions. (GS)

  14. Flywheel Rotor Safe-Life Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ratner, J. K. H.; Chang, J. B.; Christopher, D. A.; McLallin, Kerry L. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Since the 1960s, research has been conducted into the use of flywheels as energy storage systems. The-proposed applications include energy storage for hybrid and electric automobiles, attitude control and energy storage for satellites, and uninterruptible power supplies for hospitals and computer centers. For many years, however, the use of flywheels for space applications was restricted by the total weight of a system employing a metal rotor. With recent technological advances in the manufacturing of composite materials, however, lightweight composite rotors have begun to be proposed for such applications. Flywheels with composite rotors provide much higher power and energy storage capabilities than conventional chemical batteries. However, the failure of a high speed flywheel rotor could be a catastrophic event. For this reason, flywheel rotors are classified by the NASA Fracture Control Requirements Standard as fracture critical parts. Currently, there is no industry standard to certify a composite rotor for safe and reliable operation forth( required lifetime of the flywheel. Technical problems hindering the development of this standard include composite manufacturing inconsistencies, insufficient nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques for detecting defects and/or impact damage, lack of standard material test methods for characterizing composite rotor design allowables, and no unified proof (over-spin) test for flight rotors. As part of a flywheel rotor safe-life certification pro-ram funded b the government, a review of the state of the art in composite rotors is in progress. The goal of the review is to provide a clear picture of composite flywheel rotor technologies. The literature review has concentrated on the following topics concerning composites and composite rotors: durability (fatigue) and damage tolerance (safe-life) analysis/test methods, in-service NDE and health monitoring techniques, spin test methods/ procedures, and containment options. This report presents the papers selected for their relevance to this topic and summarizes them.

  15. Varying influences of motivation factors on employees' likelihood to perform safe food handling practices because of demographic differences.

    PubMed

    Ellis, Jason D; Arendt, Susan W; Strohbehn, Catherine H; Meyer, Janell; Paez, Paola

    2010-11-01

    Food safety training has been the primary avenue for ensuring food workers are performing proper food handling practices and thus, serving safe food. Yet, knowledge of safe food handling practices does not necessarily result in actual performance of these practices. This research identified participating food service employees' level of agreement with four factors of motivation (internal motivations, communication, reward-punishment, and resources) and determined if respondents with different demographic characteristics reported different motivating factors. Data were collected from 311 food service employees who did not have any supervisory responsibilities. Intrinsic motivation agreement scores were consistently the highest of all four motivational factors evaluated and did not differ across any of the demographic characteristics considered. In contrast, motivation agreement scores for communication, reward-punishment, and resources did differ based on respondents' gender, age, place of employment, job status, food service experience, completion of food handler course, or possession of a food safety certification. In general, respondents agreed that these motivation factors influenced their likelihood to perform various safe food handling procedures. This research begins to illustrate how employees' demographic characteristics influence their responses to various motivators, helping to clarify the complex situation of ensuring safe food in retail establishments. Future research into why employee willingness to perform varies more for extrinsic motivation than for intrinsic motivation could assist food service managers in structuring employee development programs and the work environment, in a manner that aids in improving external motivation (communication, reward-punishment, and resources) and capitalizing on internal motivation. PMID:21219719

  16. Nitrazepam--a safe hypnotic.

    PubMed

    Matthew, H; Proudfoot, A T; Aitken, R C; Raeburn, J A; Wright, N

    1969-07-01

    In 27 patients nitrazepam (Mogadon) taken in acute overdosage produced no untoward effects except drowsiness, even when 80 tablets were consumed. A double-blind trial in patients in general medical wards established that nitrazepam was as effective as butobarbitone as a hypnotic. It is concluded that nitrazepam is a safe and effective hypnotic. PMID:4892037

  17. The Early Years: Safe Smelling

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Peggy Ashbrook

    2009-10-01

    Using the sense of smell, animals find food or a mate and detect the presence of predators; their survival depends on this. In a discussion on using our sense of smell to keep use safe, some children may relate experiences of smelling something burning. I

  18. How Safe Are Our Teachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Younghusband, Lynda

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses a study she conducted in Newfoundland to determine the level of abuse and/or violence experienced by teachers, the nature of that abuse/violence, its personal impact, and whether Newfoundland teachers feel safe in their workplaces. The experiences presented are those of a focus group of eight teachers,

  19. Can It Safely Clostridium botulinum

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    is the only safe method for preserving low-acid foods. Low-acid foods have a pH greater than 4.6. The p for Home Food Preservation (www. http://nchfp.uga.edu/) · Canning companies Testing the Seal Test the seal temperatures, drying, and UV light and can be found throughout the environment. Under the right conditions

  20. Safe practice of cosmetic dermatology: avoiding legal tangles.

    PubMed

    Sacchidanand, Sarvajnamurthy A; Bhat, Shilpa

    2012-07-01

    The present day dermatologists, in addition to conventional skin physicians, are also dermatologic-surgeons and cosmetologists in their practice. The cosmetic procedures have the inherent risk of malpractice litigations leaving an unsatisfied patient and a troublesome lawsuit against the doctor. A MEDLINE search was conducted for article with words such as legal issues and dermatology, malpractice in dermatology, safe practice of cosmetology etc. The selected articles are scrutinized and compiled so as to help the young dermatologists to have a comprehensive overview of safe cosmetology practice. This article aims at sensitizing the young dermatologists for the possible complications and provides an overview of safe practice. It also provides a list of simple routine precautions which helps the dermatologist to avoid unnecessary trips to the courthouse. PMID:23112511

  1. Safe Practice of Cosmetic Dermatology: Avoiding Legal Tangles

    PubMed Central

    Sacchidanand, Sarvajnamurthy A; Bhat, Shilpa

    2012-01-01

    The present day dermatologists, in addition to conventional skin physicians, are also dermatologic-surgeons and cosmetologists in their practice. The cosmetic procedures have the inherent risk of malpractice litigations leaving an unsatisfied patient and a troublesome lawsuit against the doctor. A MEDLINE search was conducted for article with words such as legal issues and dermatology, malpractice in dermatology, safe practice of cosmetology etc. The selected articles are scrutinized and compiled so as to help the young dermatologists to have a comprehensive overview of safe cosmetology practice. This article aims at sensitizing the young dermatologists for the possible complications and provides an overview of safe practice. It also provides a list of simple routine precautions which helps the dermatologist to avoid unnecessary trips to the courthouse. PMID:23112511

  2. Safe-haven locking device

    DOEpatents

    Williams, J.V.

    1984-04-26

    Disclosed is a locking device for eliminating external control of a secured space formed by fixed and movable barriers. The locking device uses externally and internally controlled locksets and a movable strike, operable from the secured side of the movable barrier, to selectively engage either lockset. A disengagement device, for preventing forces from being applied to the lock bolts is also disclosed. In this manner, a secured space can be controlled from the secured side as a safe-haven. 4 figures.

  3. Writer`s guide for technical procedures

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    A primary objective of operations conducted in the US Department of Energy (DOE) complex is safety. Procedures are a critical element of maintaining a safety envelope to ensure safe facility operation. This DOE Writer`s Guide for Technical Procedures addresses the content, format, and style of technical procedures that prescribe production, operation of equipment and facilities, and maintenance activities. The DOE Writer`s Guide for Management Control Procedures and DOE Writer`s Guide for Emergency and Alarm Response Procedures are being developed to assist writers in developing nontechnical procedures. DOE is providing this guide to assist writers across the DOE complex in producing accurate, complete, and usable procedures that promote safe and efficient operations that comply with DOE orders, including DOE Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations for DOE Facilities, and 5480.6, Safety of Department of Energy-Owned Nuclear Reactors.

  4. 24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Methods and Standards for Lead-Paint Hazard Evaluation and Hazard Reduction Activities...

  5. 24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Methods and Standards for Lead-Paint Hazard Evaluation and Hazard Reduction Activities...

  6. 24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Methods and Standards for Lead-Paint Hazard Evaluation and Hazard Reduction Activities...

  7. 24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Methods and Standards for Lead-Paint Hazard Evaluation and Hazard Reduction Activities...

  8. 24 CFR 35.1350 - Safe work practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION IN CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES Methods and Standards for Lead-Paint Hazard Evaluation and Hazard Reduction Activities...

  9. Beyond OTP: Why Wilderness Programs Do Work and Are Safe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cockerham, Steve

    2002-01-01

    Wilderness programs have earned a well-respected niche in the continuum of care for troubled youth and families by providing quality counseling and education in an outdoor environment. Research substantiates claims of program effectiveness. Outdoor therapeutic programming can be dissected into identifiable techniques and approaches, which have

  10. Creating a Safe Zone: LGBTQ Work in NCTE

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henkin, Roxanne

    2011-01-01

    Reading through her files, the author takes a journey back in time to 1991 when a few lesbians and gay men met in a conference room at the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) Annual Convention in Seattle to discuss issues relating to their lives and their teaching. It was at this meeting that NCTE first discussed forming a new group

  11. AN OWNER'S MANUAL FOR BACKS About WorkSafeBC

    E-print Network

    OWNER'S MANUAL FOR BACKS #12; Understanding your back 2 Pain caused by muscle, ligament, or facet and misunderstanding are the two main factors that can delay recovery. The information and advice in this booklet

  12. Black holes and asymptotically safe gravity

    E-print Network

    Kevin Falls; Daniel F. Litim; Aarti Raghuraman

    2012-03-01

    Quantum gravitational corrections to black holes are studied in four and higher dimensions using a renormalisation group improvement of the metric. The quantum effects are worked out in detail for asymptotically safe gravity, where the short distance physics is characterized by a non-trivial fixed point of the gravitational coupling. We find that a weakening of gravity implies a decrease of the event horizon, and the existence of a Planck-size black hole remnant with vanishing temperature and vanishing heat capacity. The absence of curvature singularities is generic and discussed together with the conformal structure and the Penrose diagram of asymptotically safe black holes. The production cross section of mini-black holes in energetic particle collisions, such as those at the Large Hadron Collider, is analysed within low-scale quantum gravity models. Quantum gravity corrections imply that cross sections display a threshold, are suppressed in the Planckian, and reproduce the semi-classical result in the deep trans-Planckian region. Further implications are discussed.

  13. Safe perioperative pediatric care around the world.

    PubMed

    Ivani, Giorgio; Walker, Isabeau; Enright, Angela; Davidson, Andrew

    2012-10-01

    Pediatric anesthesia is no longer a small subspecialty, but an important sector where developments in the new century have brought effective and safe management to children in the perioperative period. Unfortunately, what is common daily practice in the high-income countries with all the guidelines, checklists, instruments, and dedicated pediatric anesthesiologists is often only a dream in the low- and middle-income countries where the basic anesthesia services for improving the high rate of morbidity and mortality still are lacking. Anesthesia given by nonphysicians, with no monitoring, lack of elementary supplies, poor control of infections and hemorrhage, and no water or electricity are very often the 'usual' conditions. The World Health Organization is working hard to offer teams, basic equipments, and teaching and what is needed to offer children of these countries the same opportunities given in the industrialized countries. Other projects such as the Lifebox Project have a similar aim. This paper outlines some of what organizations are doing around the world, with different strategies all having the same target: safe pediatric anesthesia. PMID:22967151

  14. Donated Leave ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    Rainforth, Emma C.

    absence from work due to the donation of an organ (which shall include, for example, the donation of bone resulting from a serious health condition or injury, or donation of an organ. 2. When the DepartmentDonated Leave 1 ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 7/9/2010 DONATED LEAVE PROGRAM DONATED LEAVE PROCEDURES

  15. Simple & Safe Genomic DNA Isolation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Robert; Solomon, Sondra

    1991-01-01

    A procedure for purifying DNA using either bacteria or rat liver is presented. Directions for doing a qualitative DNA assay using diphenylamine and a quantitative DNA assay using spectroscopy are included. (KR)

  16. Safe Handling of Dry Ice During a Power Outage

    E-print Network

    Safe Handling of Dry Ice During a Power Outage D ry ice can be used if your refrigerator or freezer freezer foods. Perishables such as dairy products are likely to freeze completely in a very short time of Extension work in agriculture and home economics, acts of May 8 and June 20, 1914, in cooperation with the U

  17. Electronic technology: building a safe and secure healthcare community.

    PubMed

    Lambert, J F

    1994-01-01

    Everyone in the healthcare community should work together to provide a safe and secure health environment for patients, staff, and visitors. The author discusses the use of CCTV, electronic tagging, and photo ID badges and access control and the role they play in making healthcare more secure. PMID:10136043

  18. Students and School Adults: Partners in Keeping Schools Safe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gastic, Billie

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the important roles that students, school staff and teachers play in keeping the school safe particularly from weapons. The author believes that one way that they do this is by working together to reduce the problem of weapons in school. The role of school staff and teachers extends beyond prevention and

  19. METHODS FOR SAFE CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    performed. These works dealt with process safety and have produced results like FMECA (Failures Modes and at improving the reliability and the availability of mechanical or electrical components or systems have been system safety is twofold. First a control system has to be safe, by not generating hazardous events

  20. Making Energy Fun and Safe

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Making Energy Fun and Safe Web site is made possible by utility corporation Alliant Energy. The colorful cartoon feel of the site provides kids a fun way to learn the basics of electricity with topics such as What is Energy?, How Do I Use Energy?, and How Electricity Gets to Your House. Other sections of the site include ways to save energy and electricity safety at home, including many interactive games that are related to all of the topics covered. This well designed site does a great job of introducing a large amount of information in a format that is easy and fun for kids to explore.

  1. Developing Safe Schools Partnerships with Law Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosiak, John

    2009-01-01

    Safe schools are the concern of communities throughout the world. If a school is safe, and if children feel safe, students "are better able to learn. But what are the steps to make" this happen? First, it is important to understand the problem: What are the threats to school safety? These include crime-related behaviors that find their way to

  2. Network Rail: Everyone home safe every day

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    / Network Rail: Everyone home safe every day Network Rail: Everyone home safe every day 6-Aug-14 1, 2010 Network Rail: Everyone home safe every day Network Rail's review: Fragmented risk management largest risk to non rail travelling public Level crossings not perceived as high risk locations for road

  3. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SAFE BOATING MANUAL

    E-print Network

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SAFE BOATING MANUAL Date Adopted: May 1, 2002 Last Revision: March 1, 2012 #12;University of Maryland's Safe Boating Manual 1 Contents Authority............................................................................. 10 #12;University of Maryland's Safe Boating Manual 2 Authority The University of Maryland Department

  4. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. It has no bumpers, pillows

  5. Safe software standards and XML schemas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leif, Robert C.

    2010-02-01

    The goal of this work is to develop a safe software construction means for an XML based data standard for a class of medical devices, cytometry instruments. Unfortunately, the amount of empirical evidence to archive this goal is minimal. Therefore, technologies associated with high reliability were employed together with reuse of existing designs. The basis for a major part of the design was the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) standard and the Flow Cytometry Standard (FCS). Since the DICOM Standard is a Class II device, the safety of software should be maximized. The XML Schema Definition Language (XSDL) has been used to develop schemas that maximize readability, modularity, strong typing, and reuse. An instance and an instrument XML schema were created for data obtained with a microscope by importing multiple schemas that each consisted of a class that described one object. This design was checked by validating the schemas and creating XML pages from them.

  6. Primer on tritium safe handling practices

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-12-01

    This Primer is designed for use by operations and maintenance personnel to improve their knowledge of tritium safe handling practices. It is applicable to many job classifications and can be used as a reference for classroom work or for self-study. It is presented in general terms for use throughout the DOE Complex. After reading it, one should be able to: describe methods of measuring airborne tritium concentration; list types of protective clothing effective against tritium uptake from surface and airborne contamination; name two methods of reducing the body dose after a tritium uptake; describe the most common method for determining amount of tritium uptake in the body; describe steps to take following an accidental release of airborne tritium; describe the damage to metals that results from absorption of tritium; explain how washing hands or showering in cold water helps reduce tritium uptake; and describe how tritium exchanges with normal hydrogen in water and hydrocarbons.

  7. Development of safe infrared gas lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mainuddin; Singhal, Gaurav; Tyagi, R. K.; Maini, A. K.

    2013-04-01

    Infrared gas lasers find application in numerous civil and military areas. Such lasers are therefore being developed at different institutions around the world. However, the development of chemical infrared gas lasers such as chemical oxygen iodine lasers (COIL) involves the use of several hazardous chemicals. In order to exploit full potential of these lasers, one must take diligent care of the safety issues associated with the handling of these chemicals and the involved processes. The present paper discusses the safety aspects to be taken into account in the development of these infrared gas lasers including various detection sensors working in conjunction with a customized data acquisition system loaded with safety interlocks for safe operation. The developed safety schemes may also be implemented for CO2 gas dynamic laser (GDL) and hydrogen fluoride-deuterium fluoride (HF-DF) Laser.

  8. Safe new reactor for radionuclide production

    SciTech Connect

    Gray, P.L.

    1995-02-15

    In late 1995, DOE is schedule to announce a new tritium production unit. Near the end of the last NPR (New Production Reactors) program, work was directed towards eliminating risks in current designs and reducing effects of accidents. In the Heavy Water Reactor Program at Savannah River, the coolant was changed from heavy to light water. An alternative, passively safe concept uses a heavy-water-filled, zircaloy reactor calandria near the bottom of a swimming pool; the calandria is supported on a light-water-coolant inlet plenum and has upflow through assemblies in the calandria tubes. The reactor concept eliminates or reduces significantly most design basis and severe accidents that plague other deigns. The proven, current SRS tritium cycle remains intact; production within the US of medical isotopes such as Mo-99 would also be possible.

  9. Play It Safe: Creating a Safe Environment for Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glick, Steven; Rudolph, Brenda

    This booklet describes the materials, objectives, and procedures of a parent workshop on home and toy safety. The workshop was designed to encourage parents to use common sense, apply what they already know about safety, be prepared to handle emergency situations effectvely, and be alert to the potential dangers of toys. Contained in the booklet

  10. Mobile Energy Laboratory Procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Armstrong, P.R.; Batishko, C.R.; Dittmer, A.L.; Hadley, D.L.; Stoops, J.L.

    1993-09-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has been tasked to plan and implement a framework for measuring and analyzing the efficiency of on-site energy conversion, distribution, and end-use application on federal facilities as part of its overall technical support to the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). The Mobile Energy Laboratory (MEL) Procedures establish guidelines for specific activities performed by PNL staff. PNL provided sophisticated energy monitoring, auditing, and analysis equipment for on-site evaluation of energy use efficiency. Specially trained engineers and technicians were provided to conduct tests in a safe and efficient manner with the assistance of host facility staff and contractors. Reports were produced to describe test procedures, results, and suggested courses of action. These reports may be used to justify changes in operating procedures, maintenance efforts, system designs, or energy-using equipment. The MEL capabilities can subsequently be used to assess the results of energy conservation projects. These procedures recognize the need for centralized NM administration, test procedure development, operator training, and technical oversight. This need is evidenced by increasing requests fbr MEL use and the economies available by having trained, full-time MEL operators and near continuous MEL operation. DOE will assign new equipment and upgrade existing equipment as new capabilities are developed. The equipment and trained technicians will be made available to federal agencies that provide funding for the direct costs associated with MEL use.

  11. Reactive, Safe Navigation for Lunar and Planetary Robots

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Utz, Hans; Ruland, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    When humans return to the moon, Astronauts will be accompanied by robotic helpers. Enabling robots to safely operate near astronauts on the lunar surface has the potential to significantly improve the efficiency of crew surface operations. Safely operating robots in close proximity to astronauts on the lunar surface requires reactive obstacle avoidance capabilities not available on existing planetary robots. In this paper we present work on safe, reactive navigation using a stereo based high-speed terrain analysis and obstacle avoidance system. Advances in the design of the algorithms allow it to run terrain analysis and obstacle avoidance algorithms at full frame rate (30Hz) on off the shelf hardware. The results of this analysis are fed into a fast, reactive path selection module, enforcing the safety of the chosen actions. The key components of the system are discussed and test results are presented.

  12. Safe Savings Rates: A New Approach to Retirement Planning over the Lifecycle

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wade Donald Pfau

    2011-01-01

    Focusing on a safe withdrawal rate and then deriving a wealth accumulation target to achieve by the retirement date may not be the best way to approach retirement planning. Such a formulation isolates the working (accumulation) and retirement (decumulation) phases. When considered together, the lowest sustainable withdrawal rates (which give us our idea of the safe withdrawal rate) tend to

  13. Evaluating a Safe Space Training for School Counselors and Trainees Using a Randomized Control Group Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Rebekah; Hays, Danica G.

    2014-01-01

    School counselors need to advocate and act as an ally for all students. Safe Space, a training designed to facilitate competency for working with and serving LGBTQ youth (i.e., LGBTQ competency), has received increased attention in the field of school counseling. However, limited empirical support exists for training interventions such as Safe

  14. Scope on Safety: Debugging safely

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ken Roy

    2007-12-01

    The hazards of pests in the classroom are numerous. Mice can contaminate food and supplies and trigger asthma attacks, cockroaches can cause allergic reactions and aggravate asthma, flies can spread disease, bee and yellow jacket stings can be life threatening, and spiders and ant bites can cause pain and even death. As teachers, we want to provide a safe classroom for our students, but we are also concerned about the indiscriminant use of hazardous pesticides in schools and on school grounds. Numerous studies have shown the dangers of exposure to these chemicals, especially for children. This is a real issue and one that finally is being addressed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and many state legislators.

  15. Inflation from Asymptotically Safe Theories

    E-print Network

    Nielsen, Niklas Grnlund; Svendsen, Ole

    2015-01-01

    We investigate models in which inflation is driven by an ultraviolet safe and interacting scalar sector stemming from a new class of nonsupersymmetric gauge field theories. These new theories, differently from generic scalar models, are well defined to arbitrary short distances because of the existence of a controllable ultraviolet interacting fixed point. The scalar couplings at the ultraviolet fixed point and their overall running are predicted by the geometric structure of the underlying theory. We analyse the minimal and non-minimal coupling to gravity of these theories and the consequences for inflation. In the minimal coupling case the theory requires large non-perturbative quantum corrections to the quantum potential for the theory to agree with data, while in the non- minimal coupling case the perturbative regime in the couplings of the theory is preferred. Requiring the theory to reproduce the observed amplitude of density perturbations constrain the geometric data of the theory such as the number of...

  16. Health education for safe motherhood.

    PubMed

    Nkata, M

    1996-03-01

    In many African countries, costly advertising campaigns have warned the public about smoking, sexually transmitted diseases, and AIDS. Similar campaigns should be launched to reduce maternal mortality. Radio and television should deliver messages, focused upon specific target groups, which relate both to family planning and safe motherhood. The aim of such health education should be to improve traditional practices and to help women and communities understand that factors such as early marriage, too many pregnancies, poor nutrition, lack of antenatal care, illegal abortions, use of medicinal herbs, and home delivery contribute to the toll of maternal mortality. All health messages should reflect the realities of village life and promote behavior which requires little or no financial expenditure. Community participation is important. Successful strategies to prevent maternal mortality will highlight the role that women and communities can play. A willingness to use health services, a belief that preventive measures are worthwhile, and community participation in changing behavior are crucial in any program. PMID:12347033

  17. Prilocaine for Bier's block: how safe is safe?

    PubMed

    Bartholomew, K; Sloan, J P

    1990-09-01

    Prilocaine has become the agent of choice for Bier's block (or intravenous regional anaesthesia--IVRA), since 1983 when the product licence of bupivacaine was withdrawn for this purpose owing to fatal or serious complications. No serious complications have been documented in the literature relating to prilocaine in IVRA and we have conducted a survey within the U.K. which indicates that about 45,000 Bier's blocks have been carried out with prilocaine without convulsion, arrhythmia or fatality. This includes cases of accidental cuff deflation or even failure to inflate the cuff, resulting in bolus doses to the circulation. Prilocaine has now been in use since 1964 and the Committee for Safety of Medicines has no deaths on record over a 25-year period. (This includes other types of regional anaesthesia). We suggest that intravenous regional anaesthesia using prilocaine is a safe technique. It is highly unlikely that fatalities will occur, provided present guidelines are adhered to. We can find no reason to limit its use to trained anaesthetists only, but would recommend that a strict protocol is adhered to. PMID:2152460

  18. Keeping the workplace safe COMPUTER WORKSTATION

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Keeping the workplace safe COMPUTER WORKSTATION ERGONOMICS #12;Table of Contents Introduction ................................................................................... 2 Office Ergonomics Process at UCDHS ........................................................ 3 UCDHS Ergonomics Demonstration Room ...............................................16 Reference

  19. Embracing Safe Ground Test Facility Operations and Maintenance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunn, Steven C.; Green, Donald R.

    2010-01-01

    Conducting integrated operations and maintenance in wind tunnel ground test facilities requires a balance of meeting due dates, efficient operation, responsiveness to the test customer, data quality, effective maintenance (relating to readiness and reliability), and personnel and facility safety. Safety is non-negotiable, so the balance must be an "and" with other requirements and needs. Pressure to deliver services faster at increasing levels of quality in under-maintained facilities is typical. A challenge for management is to balance the "need for speed" with safety and quality. It s especially important to communicate this balance across the organization - workers, with a desire to perform, can be tempted to cut corners on defined processes to increase speed. Having a lean staff can extend the time required for pre-test preparations, so providing a safe work environment for facility personnel and providing good stewardship for expensive National capabilities can be put at risk by one well-intending person using at-risk behavior. This paper documents a specific, though typical, operational environment and cites management and worker safety initiatives and tools used to provide a safe work environment. Results are presented and clearly show that the work environment is a relatively safe one, though still not good enough to keep from preventing injury. So, the journey to a zero injury work environment - both in measured reality and in the minds of each employee - continues. The intent of this paper is to provide a benchmark for others with operational environments and stimulate additional sharing and discussion on having and keeping a safe work environment.

  20. Anesthesia and sedation in pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures: A review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abdul Q Dar; Zahoor A Shah; Sheri Kashmir; Kazuki Sumiyama; Nishi Shinbashi; Shah Z. A. Anesthesia

    2010-01-01

    Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedure has become an essential modality for evaluation and treatment of GI diseases. Intravenous (IV) sedation and General Anesthesia (GA) have both been employed to minimize discomfort and provide amnesia. Both these procedures require, at the very least, monitoring of the level of consciousness, pulmonary ventilation, oxygenation and hemodynamics. Although GI endoscopy is considered safe, the procedure

  1. SAFE Testing Nuclear Rockets Economically

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Howe, Steven D.; Travis, Bryan; Zerkle, David K.

    2003-01-01

    Several studies over the past few decades have recognized the need for advanced propulsion to explore the solar system. As early as the 1960s, Werner Von Braun and others recognized the need for a nuclear rocket for sending humans to Mars. The great distances, the intense radiation levels, and the physiological response to zero-gravity all supported the concept of using a nuclear rocket to decrease mission time. These same needs have been recognized in later studies, especially in the Space Exploration Initiative in 1989. One of the key questions that has arisen in later studies, however, is the ability to test a nuclear rocket engine in the current societal environment. Unlike the Rover/NERVA programs in the 1960s, the rocket exhaust can no longer be vented to the open atmosphere. As a consequence, previous studies have examined the feasibility of building a large-scale version of the Nuclear Furnace Scrubber that was demonstrated in 1971. We have investigated an alternative that would deposit the rocket exhaust along with any entrained fission products directly into the ground. The Subsurface Active Filtering of Exhaust, or SAFE, concept would allow variable sized engines to be tested for long times at a modest expense. A system overview, results of preliminary calculations, and cost estimates of proof of concept demonstrations are presented. The results indicate that a nuclear rocket could be tested at the Nevada Test Site for under $20 M.

  2. Safe testing nuclear rockets economically

    SciTech Connect

    Howe, S. D. (Steven D.); Travis, B. J. (Bryan J.); Zerkle, D. K. (David K.)

    2002-01-01

    Several studies over the past few decades have recognized the need for advanced propulsion to explore the solar system. As early as the 1960s, Werner Von Braun and others recognized the need for a nuclear rocket for sending humans to Mars. The great distances, the intense radiation levels, and the physiological response to zero-gravity all supported the concept of using a nuclear rocket to decrease mission time. These same needs have been recognized in later studies, especially in the Space Exploration Initiative in 1989. One of the key questions that has arisen in later studies, however, is the ability to test a nuclear rocket engine in the current societal environment. Unlike the RoverMERVA programs in the 1960s, the rocket exhaust can no longer be vented to the open atmosphere. As a consequence, previous studies have examined the feasibility of building a large-scale version of the Nuclear Furnace Scrubber that was demonstrated in 1971. We have investigated an alternative that would deposit the rocket exhaust along with any entrained fission products directly into the ground. The Subsurface Active Filtering of Exhaust, or SAFE, concept would allow variable sized engines to be tested for long times at a modest expense. A system overview, results of preliminary calculations, and cost estimates of proof of concept demonstrations are presented. The results indicate that a nuclear rocket could be tested at the Nevada Test Site for under $20 M.

  3. Time to prioritise safe walking.

    PubMed

    Toroyan, Tami; Khayesi, Meleckidzedeck; Peden, Margie

    2013-01-01

    This study draws on information from two recently published documents on pedestrian safety and global status of road safety to draw attention to the need to prioritize safe walking in planning and policy at local, national and international levels. The study shows that each year, more than 270 000 pedestrians lose their lives on the world's roads. The study argues that this situation need not persist because proven pedestrian safety interventions exist but do not attract the merit they deserve in many locations. The study further shows that the key risk factors for pedestrian road traffic injury such as vehicle speed, alcohol use by drivers and pedestrians, lack of infrastructure facilities for pedestrians and inadequate visibility of pedestrians are fairly well documented. The study concludes that pedestrian collisions, like all road traffic crashes, should not be accepted as inevitable because they are, in fact, both predictable and preventable. While stressing that reduction or elimination of risks faced by pedestrians is an important and achievable policy goal, the study emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive, holistic approach that includes engineering, enforcement and education measures. PMID:23701478

  4. SafeNet: A methodology for integrating general-purpose unsafe devices in safe-robot rehabilitation systems.

    PubMed

    Vicentini, Federico; Pedrocchi, Nicola; Malosio, Matteo; Molinari Tosatti, Lorenzo

    2014-09-01

    Robot-assisted neurorehabilitation often involves networked systems of sensors ("sensory rooms") and powerful devices in physical interaction with weak users. Safety is unquestionably a primary concern. Some lightweight robot platforms and devices designed on purpose include safety properties using redundant sensors or intrinsic safety design (e.g. compliance and backdrivability, limited exchange of energy). Nonetheless, the entire "sensory room" shall be required to be fail-safe and safely monitored as a system at large. Yet, sensor capabilities and control algorithms used in functional therapies require, in general, frequent updates or re-configurations, making a safety-grade release of such devices hardly sustainable in cost-effectiveness and development time. As such, promising integrated platforms for human-in-the-loop therapies could not find clinical application and manufacturing support because of lacking in the maintenance of global fail-safe properties. Under the general context of cross-machinery safety standards, the paper presents a methodology called SafeNet for helping in extending the safety rate of Human Robot Interaction (HRI) systems using unsafe components, including sensors and controllers. SafeNet considers, in fact, the robotic system as a device at large and applies the principles of functional safety (as in ISO 13489-1) through a set of architectural procedures and implementation rules. The enabled capability of monitoring a network of unsafe devices through redundant computational nodes, allows the usage of any custom sensors and algorithms, usually planned and assembled at therapy planning-time rather than at platform design-time. A case study is presented with an actual implementation of the proposed methodology. A specific architectural solution is applied to an example of robot-assisted upper-limb rehabilitation with online motion tracking. PMID:24750989

  5. 75 FR 38168 - Hazardous Materials: International Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (TS...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ...International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) ``Regulations for the Safe Transport...submitting comments on the draft document to the IAEA. We are requesting input from the public...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The IAEA works with its Member States and...

  6. Improved Quick Disconnect (QD) Interface Through Fail Safe Parts Identification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blanch-Payne, Evelyn

    2001-01-01

    An extensive review of existing Quick Disconnects (QDs) mating and demating operations was performed to determine which shuttle part interface identifications and procedures contribute to human factor errors. The research methods used consisted of interviews with engineers and technicians, examination of incident reports, critiques of video and audio tapes of QD operations, and attendance of a Hyper QD operational course. The data strongly suggests that there are inherit human factor errors involved in QD operations. To promote fail-safe operations, QD interface problem areas and recommendations were outlined and reviewed. It is suggested that dialogue, investigations and recommendations continue.

  7. Compliant Motion Control for Safe Human Robot Interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rehan Ahmed; Anani Ananiev; Ivan Kalaykov

    Robots have recently been foreseen to work side by side and share workspace with humans in assisting them in tasks that include\\u000a physical human-robot (HR) interaction. The physical contact with human tasks under uncertainty has to be performed in a stable\\u000a and safe manner [6]. However, current industrial robot manipulators are still very far from HR coexisting environments, because\\u000a of

  8. Interactive eLearning - a safe place to practice.

    PubMed

    Einarson, Elisabeth; Moen, Anne; Kolberg, Ragnhild; Flingtorp, Gry; Linnerud, Eva

    2009-01-01

    Interactive web-based learning environment offers refreshing opportunities to create innovative solutions to explore and exploit informatics support on-the-job training. We report from a study where a hospital is created a interactive eLearning resource. The modules are creating a safe place to practice - to be used for introduction to the work and preparation for certification or re-certification of competencies. PMID:19593010

  9. Creating Safe Spaces for Music Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendricks, Karin S.; Smith, Tawnya D.; Stanuch, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    This article offers a practical model for fostering emotionally safe learning environments that instill in music students a positive sense of self-belief, freedom, and purpose. The authors examine the implications for music educators of creating effective learning environments and present recommendations for creating a safe space for learning,

  10. Types for Evolving Communication in Safe Ambients

    E-print Network

    Levi, Francesca

    Types for Evolving Communication in Safe Ambients Francesca Levi Dipartimento di Informatica e the evolving types of [10] to full Safe Ambients following the lines of the single-threaded types of [12] for communication. Then, we introduce more exible evolving types which permit to de#12;ne ambients, where the type

  11. Safe Haven Laws as "Crime Control Theater"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammond, Michelle; Miller, Monica K.; Griffin, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: This article examines safe haven laws, which allow parents to legally abandon their infants. The main objective is to determine whether safe haven laws fit the criteria of "crime control theater", a term used to describe public policies that produce the appearance, but not the effect, of crime control, and as such are essentially

  12. Learn about Honeybees -Manage hives safely -

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Learn about Honeybees - Manage hives safely - Collect honey! - For Boys and Girls ages 9 18 the safe handling of honeybees and their hives under the competent leadership of trained adult volunteers to provide youth in Botetourt County the opportunity to learn about honeybees and their hives in a "hands on

  13. Safe Schools: The Threat from within?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Short, Donn

    2011-01-01

    Safe school policies in many urban schools in Ontario have featured security guards, electronic surveillance, student identification tags, discipline, and zero tolerance. In 2000, the Ontario Ministry of Education passed the Safe Schools Act, which set out a list of offences that could trigger expulsion, suspension, and other disciplinary

  14. GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SERVING SAFE FOOD

    E-print Network

    GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SERVING SAFE FOOD Revised September, 2008 Use Common Sense · Understand your liability and responsibilities. · Use food from a licensed and approved source. · Never leave food unattended. Someone could tamper with it. · Select safe foods for your event. · Keep cold foods COLD (below

  15. Virus Alert: Ten Steps to Safe Computing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunter, Glenda A.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses computer viruses and explains how to detect them; discusses virus protection and the need to update antivirus software; and offers 10 safe computing tips, including scanning floppy disks and commercial software, how to safely download files from the Internet, avoiding pirated software copies, and backing up files. (LRW)

  16. Evaluation of Computer-Based Procedure System Prototype

    SciTech Connect

    Johanna Oxstrand; Katya Le Blanc; Seth Hays

    2012-09-01

    This research effort is a part of the Light-Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, which is a research and development (R&D) program sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE), performed in close collaboration with industry R&D programs, to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS program serves to help the U.S. nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. The introduction of advanced technology in existing nuclear power plants may help to manage the effects of aging systems, structures, and components. In addition, the incorporation of advanced technology in the existing LWR fleet may entice the future workforce, who will be familiar with advanced technology, to work for these utilities rather than more newly built nuclear power plants. Advantages are being sought by developing and deploying technologies that will increase safety and efficiency. One significant opportunity for existing plants to increase efficiency is to phase out the paper-based procedures (PBPs) currently used at most nuclear power plants and replace them, where feasible, with computer-based procedures (CBPs). PBPs have ensured safe operation of plants for decades, but limitations in paper-based systems do not allow them to reach the full potential for procedures to prevent human errors. The environment in a nuclear power plant is constantly changing depending on current plant status and operating mode. PBPs, which are static by nature, are being applied to a constantly changing context. This constraint often results in PBPs that are written in a manner that is intended to cover many potential operating scenarios. Hence, the procedure layout forces the operator to search through a large amount of irrelevant information to locate the pieces of information relevant for the task and situation at hand, which has potential consequences of taking up valuable time when operators must be responding to the situation, and potentially leading operators down an incorrect response path. Other challenges related to PBPs are the management of multiple procedures, place-keeping, finding the correct procedure for the task at hand, and relying on other sources of additional information to ensure a functional and accurate understanding of the current plant status (Converse, 1995; Fink, Killian, Hanes, & Naser, 2009; Le Blanc & Oxstrand, 2012). The main focus of this report is to describe the research activities conducted to address the remaining two objectives; Develop a prototype CBP system based on requirements identified and Evaluate the CBP prototype. The emphasis will be on the evaluation of an initial CBP prototype in at a Nuclear Power Plant.

  17. A Simple Anterior Fish Excluder (SAFE) for Mitigating Penaeid-Trawl Bycatch

    PubMed Central

    McHugh, Matthew J.; Broadhurst, Matt K.; Sterling, David J.; Millar, Russell B.

    2015-01-01

    Various plastic strips and sheets (termed simple anterior fish excluders?SAFEs) were positioned across the openings of penaeid trawls in attempts at reducing the unwanted bycatches of small teleosts. Initially, three SAFEs (a single wire without, and with small and large plastic panels) were compared against a control (no SAFE) on paired beam trawls. All SAFEs maintained targeted Metapenaeus macleayi catches, while the largest plastic SAFE significantly reduced total bycatch by 51% and the numbers of Pomatomus saltatrix, Mugil cephalus and Herklotsichthys castelnaui by up to 58%. A redesigned SAFE (continuous plastic) was subsequently tested (against a control) on paired otter trawls, significantly reducing total bycatch by 28% and P. saltatrix and H. castelnaui by up to 42%. The continuous-plastic SAFE also significantly reduced M. macleayi catches by ~7%, but this was explained by ~5% less wing-end spread, and could be simply negated through otter-board refinement. Further work is required to refine the tested SAFEs, and to quantify species-specific escape mechanisms. Nevertheless, the SAFE concept might represent an effective approach for improving penaeid-trawl selectivity. PMID:25837892

  18. Inquiring Safely: A Guide for Middle School Teachers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Juliana Texley

    2003-01-01

    Not your average safety guide, Inquiring Safely is a uniquely readable resource from experienced teachers who know both middle school science content and how middle school students behave. The authors go beyond the standard rules and regulations to discuss safety concepts in the context of real classrooms--and to help you make students your partners-in-safety within an inquiry-based science curriculum. New and veteran teachers alike can use Inquiring Safely to develop better approaches to equip labs, dispose of chemicals and other hazardous materials, maintain documentation, and organize field trips. Some chapters cover specific disciplines, such as physical science, chemistry, Earth science, and biology. Others deal with general topics such as supervising students' online activities, accommodating students with special needs, and working with volunteers. Special features include an unusually detailed index plus model student contracts and permission forms. Like Exploring Safely: A Guide for Elementary Teachers, this essential book emphasizes a preventive approach to an up-to-date range of potential hazards. Given increased scrutiny of teaching practices and growing concerns about liability, Inquiring Safely belongs on the reference shelf of every middle school science teacher.

  19. 40 CFR 610.64 - Track test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...will be necessary to evaluate the fuel economy effects of a retrofit device on...required by the city and highway fuel economy tests may be safely achieved....

  20. 40 CFR 610.64 - Track test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...will be necessary to evaluate the fuel economy effects of a retrofit device on...required by the city and highway fuel economy tests may be safely achieved....

  1. 40 CFR 610.64 - Track test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...will be necessary to evaluate the fuel economy effects of a retrofit device on...required by the city and highway fuel economy tests may be safely achieved....

  2. 40 CFR 610.64 - Track test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...will be necessary to evaluate the fuel economy effects of a retrofit device on...required by the city and highway fuel economy tests may be safely achieved....

  3. Exercising in a Safe Environment

    MedlinePLUS

    ... on Aging. l Work out with an exercise DVD such as the Go4Life DVD. Quick Tip Be alert to outdoor safety and ... tools. l Order a free exercise guide or DVD. l Share your exercise story. National Institute on ...

  4. Evaluation of the On-Line Testing Features of a Fail-Safe Railway Control System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Romano; Z. Kalbarczyk; R. K. Iyer; A. Mazzeo; N. Mazzocca

    This paper is focused on the evaluation of the on-line testing mechanisms of a fail-safe railway control system. The system supports several on-line testing procedures that are to be performed by the processing units within assigned hard real-time constraints. The primary objective of this study is to quantify the effectiveness of the on-line testing procedures in terms of the provided

  5. Safe Use of Hydrogen and Hydrogen Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maes, Miguel

    2006-01-01

    This is a viewgraph presentation that is a course for teaching the safe use of hydrogen. The objectives of the course are 1. To familiarize the student with H2 safety properties 2. To enable the identification, evaluations and addressing of H2 system hazards 3. To teach: a. Safe practices for, b. Design, c. Materials selection, d. H2 system operation, e. Physical principles and empirical observations on which these safe practices are based, f. How to respond to emergency situations involving H2, g How to visualize safety concepts through in-class exercises, h. Identify numerous parameters important to H2 safety.

  6. Safe actinide disposition in molten salt reactors

    SciTech Connect

    Gat, U.

    1997-03-01

    Safe molten salt reactors (MSR) can readily accommodate the burning of all fissile actinides. Only minor compromises associated with plutonium are required. The MSRs can dispose safely of actinides and long lived isotopes to result in safer and simpler waste. Disposing of actinides in MSRs does increase the source term of a safety optimized MSR. It is concluded that the burning and transmutation of actinides in MSRs can be done in a safe manner. Development is needed for the processing to handle and separate the actinides. Calculations are needed to establish the neutron economy and the fuel management. 9 refs.

  7. Technique of laser in-line ignition all electronic safe and arming device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Ze-rong; Zhou, Guang-wei

    2009-07-01

    In modern warfare the performance of weapon system safe and arming device has been put forward higher requirements because the battlefield environment has become increasingly sophisticated. The safe and arming device should have good safety of mechanical, electrical, thermal and other aspects and reliable initiation. This paper analyses the laser initiation of three ways, the laser could initiate the insensitive acceptable charge for the in-line ignition system, so that the laser in-line ignition can be realized and the laser in-line ignition all electronic safe and arming device is built. Then, studies the composition and working principle of the laser in-line ignition all electronic safe and arming device and the various subsystems in-depth. The laser in-line ignition all electronic safe and arming device can be applied to fixed-point, directional and multi-point initiation and has laid an important foundation of the theory and engineering in the future weapon system.

  8. A Monitoring Approach for Safe IPv6 Renumbering Frederic Beck Isabelle Chrisment

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    A Monitoring Approach for Safe IPv6 Renumbering Frederic Beck Isabelle Chrisment Olivier Festor interesting feature of IPv6. It is also one of the most risky procedure which needs special attention version of the IP protocol, IPv6 [4] has been standardized within by the IETF, bringing with it advanced

  9. How to encourage children to use mobile phones safely.

    PubMed

    Moyse, Karen

    2011-12-01

    The safe use of mobile phones is part of the health promotion duty of children's nurses and those nurses working in schools. In this article the author advocates that children and young people should be encouraged to keep and use their mobiles in a safe place, avoid lengthy and incessant calls, provide their number only to those they feel they can trust and switch off the phone as soon as possible. They need to take care with the type of messages they send and to tell someone they can trust about any cyberbullying. The nurse can also help with school policies and can attend groups in schools and youth organisations to discuss the positive and negative aspects of mobile phone technology. PMID:22256717

  10. Can Naturoptics for Safe Recovery of Vision Fund Brazilians' Educations?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flvia Ribiero, Silvia; Carmem Ribeiro Duarte, Clia; Mc Leod, Roger David

    2008-10-01

    Directors of Naturoptics for Safe Recovery of Vision, Inc., US Patent Office, April 8, 2008, trademark issued, grants ``The David Matthew Mc Leod Memorial Award,'' to individuals like Sylvia Flavia Ribeiro. Instructions at American locations enhance patenting, trade-marking, and propagation to individuals, and youth through parents. Naturoptics' earnings go by agreed percentages to named academic entities and awardees who sign non-disclosure agreements. These say the US Government trademarked the processes as safe, and that diagnostic or treatment techniques are not used, necessary, or allowed for Naturoptic Methods. These educationally explain how the inventor, Roger David Mc Leod, recovered his vision. Taught processes are released to awardees signing agreements this is an educational service, providing teaching services for clients. Non-disclosure agreements are required from clients. Work-study grants, ``The Kaan Balam Matagamon Memorial Award,'' in memory of DMM, may be awarded through the American Indians in Science and Engineering Society, AISES, and to other women and minorities.

  11. Skate Safely - Always Wear Safety Gear

    MedlinePLUS

    ... www.SaferProducts.gov Skate Safely Always Wear Safety Gear The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) warns ... skaters do not wear helmets and other safety gear or do not learn to skate and stop ...

  12. Experimental Ebola Vaccine Safe, Prompts Immune Response

    MedlinePLUS

    ... April 1, 2015, 5 p.m. EDT Experimental Ebola vaccine safe, prompts immune response Results from US ... An early-stage clinical trial of an experimental Ebola vaccine conducted at the National Institutes of Health ...

  13. 16 CFR 312.10 - Safe harbors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE 312.10 Safe harbors...self-regulatory guidelines, issued by representatives of the marketing or online industries, or by other persons, that, after...

  14. 16 CFR 312.10 - Safe harbors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE 312.10 Safe harbors...self-regulatory guidelines, issued by representatives of the marketing or online industries, or by other persons, that, after...

  15. 16 CFR 312.10 - Safe harbors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE 312.10 Safe harbors...self-regulatory guidelines, issued by representatives of the marketing or online industries, or by other persons, that, after...

  16. 16 CFR 312.10 - Safe harbors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CHILDREN'S ONLINE PRIVACY PROTECTION RULE 312.10 Safe harbors...self-regulatory guidelines, issued by representatives of the marketing or online industries, or by other persons, that, after...

  17. Safe Storage of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

    E-print Network

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    Proper storage of fresh fruits and vegetables can help consumers avoid foodborne illness. This publication explains how to safely store apples, bananas, berries, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, grapes, herbs, lettuce and greens, melons, nectarines...

  18. Safe trajectory planning of autonomous vehicles

    E-print Network

    Schouwenaars, Tom

    2006-01-01

    This thesis presents a novel framework for safe online trajectory planning of unmanned vehicles through partially unknown environments. The basic planning problem is formulated as a receding horizon optimization problem ...

  19. Patient Safety: Guide to Safe Plastic Surgery

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and Consumer Information > Patient Safety Guide to Safe Plastic Surgery Patient Safety More Resources... Choose a surgeon ... Important facts about the safety and risks of plastic surgery Questions to ask my plastic surgeon Choose ...

  20. Bottled Water Everywhere: Keeping it Safe

    MedlinePLUS

    ... this page Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Bottled Water Everywhere: Keeping it Safe Search the Consumer Updates ... sanitary conditions back to top Types of Bottled Water FDA describes bottled water as water thats intended ...

  1. SPILL RESPONSE OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    Harman, Neal.A.

    SPILL RESPONSE OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE Swansea University Estates Services Singleton Park Swansea SA2 for the health and safety of staff working with hazardous material To minimise pollution risks by ensuring in the event of a spill in order to prevent pollution and minimise environmental liability. METHOD

  2. Capacity building in safe nanotechnologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keller, Markus; Gommel, Udo

    2011-07-01

    In all places where engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) are produced, used or handled, adequate workplace safety precautions should be implemented due to the protection of workers and the surrounding environment. Any possible accidental release of ENPs should be evaluated. Thereby detected potential risks have to be eliminated as far as possible. An implemented reasonable safety culture in each ENP-related company will help to meet this challenge. Different infrastructures and workplace design can help to reduce the risk of an accidentally contact of the workers with ENPs: Transferable examples will be shown from the semiconductor and life-science Industry. These systems like clean rooms, glove boxes, fume cupboards, filter and suction systems and other restricted area barrier access systems (RABS) are mainly being developed to protect sensitive products, but they can also be used to protect working personnel. Clean environments regarding airborne particulate contaminations can be classified according to ISO 14644-1. A short insight into this ISO-classification will be given. But overall, a simple and reasonable workplace and workflow organization will reduce the risk of an accidental release of ENPs largely. This may lead to a therefore necessary adaption of existing workflow patterns. The workers have to get aware about the potential risks! This can be done with appropriate education materials, leaflets, posters and brochures. These are some of the later outcomes from the NanoDevice dissemination and handbook work package.

  3. Ergonomics: safe patient handling and mobility.

    PubMed

    Hallmark, Beth; Mechan, Patricia; Shores, Lynne

    2015-03-01

    This article reviews and investigates the issues surrounding ergonomics, with a specific focus on safe patient handling and mobility. The health care worker of today faces many challenges, one of which is related to the safety of patients. Safe patient handling and mobility is on the forefront of the movement to improve patient safety. This article reviews the risks associated with patient handling and mobility, and informs the reader of current evidence-based practice relevant to this area of care. PMID:25680494

  4. Building safe computer-controlled systems.

    PubMed

    Leveson, N G

    1984-10-01

    Software safety becomes an issue when life-critical systems are built with computers as important components. In order to make these systems safe, software developers have concentrated on making them ultrareliable. Unfortunately, this will not necessarily make them safe. This paper discusses why reliability enhancement techniques are not adequate to ensure safety and describes what needs to be done to protect life and property in these systems. PMID:6512441

  5. Human factors engineering of enhanced spaceport procedures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara G. Kanki; Tim Barth; Donna Blankmann-Alexander; D. Blake Parker; Hester Coan

    2001-01-01

    Because operational procedures provide a first line of defense against human error, human-centered design is key for streamlining work processes, standardizing work practices, and providing invaluable reminders and cautions during high risk, complex operations. In contrast, inaccurate or poorly designed operational procedures and documentation can impede the work process, encourage unsafe work practices, and confuse or mislead operators during safety

  6. Investigation of safe-life fail-safe criteria for the space shuttle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1972-01-01

    An investigation was made to determine the effects of a safe-life design approach and a fail-safe design approach on the space shuttle booster vehicle structure, and to recommend any changes to the structural design criteria. Two configurations of the booster vehicle were considered, one incorporating a delta wing (B-9U configuration) and the other a swept wing (B-16B configuration). Several major structural components of the booster were studied to determine the fatigue life, safe-life, and fail-safe capabilities of the baseline design. Each component was investigated to determine the practicability of applying a safe-life or fail-safe design philosophy, the changes such design approaches might require, and the impact of these changes on weight, cost, development plans, and performance.

  7. 33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Safe water marks. 62.27 Section 62.27 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED...Navigation System 62.27 Safe water marks. Safe water...

  8. 33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Safe water marks. 62.27 Section 62.27 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED...Navigation System 62.27 Safe water marks. Safe water...

  9. 33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Safe water marks. 62.27 Section 62.27 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED...Navigation System 62.27 Safe water marks. Safe water...

  10. 33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Safe water marks. 62.27 Section 62.27 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED...Navigation System 62.27 Safe water marks. Safe water...

  11. Saving our backs: safe patient handling and mobility for home care.

    PubMed

    Beauvais, Audrey; Frost, Lenore

    2014-01-01

    Predicted work-related injuries for nurses and home healthcare workers are on the rise given the many risk factors in the home environment and the escalating demands for home healthcare workers in the United States. Fortunately, safe patient handling and mobility programs can dramatically decrease injuries. Despite strides being made to promote safe patient handling and mobility programs in acute care, more can be done to establish such initiatives in the home care setting. PMID:24978578

  12. Directors of Naturoptics for Safe Recovery of Vision, Inc. Release Patented Process to Awardees for their Personal Use and Mentored Teaching of the Process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giordano, Paul J.; D., N.; C., D.; McLeod, Roger David

    2008-05-01

    The Board of Directors of Naturoptics for Safe Recovery of Vision, Inc., US Patent Office, trademark issued, patent issue date April 8, 2008, has granted ``The David Matthew Mc Leod Memorial Award,'' to named individuals. Naturoptics teaching earnings by recipients are to be disbursed according to agreed percentages to named academic entities and to the awardees. When awardees sign non-disclosure agreements, they are shown why the process is safe. They are also taught that no diagnostic or treatment techniques are used, necessary or allowed for the processes. This is an educational consultation that explains how Naturoptics inventor, Roger David Mc Leod, safely and rapidly recovered his vision. The now patented processes as taught is released for the use of those awardees that sign agreements that they were merely provided a teaching service, and will only be doing educational consulting for their clients. Such clients must follow similar procedures. Other equivalent work-study grants are named ``The Kaan Balam Matagamon Memorial Award,'' also in memory of DMM. The American Indians in Science and Engineering Society may also be participating.

  13. Transient Approximation of SAFE-100 Heat Pipe Operation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bragg-Sitton, Shannon M.; Reid, Robert S.

    2005-01-01

    Engineers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) have designed several heat pipe cooled reactor concepts, ranging in power from 15 kWt to 800 kWt, for both surface power systems and nuclear electric propulsion systems. The Safe, Affordable Fission Engine (SAFE) is now being developed in a collaborative effort between LANL and NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA/MSFC). NASA is responsible for fabrication and testing of non-nuclear, electrically heated modules in the Early Flight Fission Test Facility (EFF-TF) at MSFC. In-core heat pipes must be properly thawed as the reactor power starts. Computational models have been developed to assess the expected operation of a specific heat pipe design during start-up, steady state operation, and shutdown. While computationally intensive codes provide complete, detailed analyses of heat pipe thaw, a relatively simple. concise routine can also be applied to approximate the response of a heat pipe to changes in the evaporator heat transfer rate during start-up and power transients (e.g., modification of reactor power level) with reasonably accurate results. This paper describes a simplified model of heat pipe start-up that extends previous work and compares the results to experimental measurements for a SAFE-100 type heat pipe design.

  14. Monitoring Moving Queries inside a Safe Region

    PubMed Central

    Al-Khalidi, Haidar; Taniar, David; Alamri, Sultan

    2014-01-01

    With mobile moving range queries, there is a need to recalculate the relevant surrounding objects of interest whenever the query moves. Therefore, monitoring the moving query is very costly. The safe region is one method that has been proposed to minimise the communication and computation cost of continuously monitoring a moving range query. Inside the safe region the set of objects of interest to the query do not change; thus there is no need to update the query while it is inside its safe region. However, when the query leaves its safe region the mobile device has to reevaluate the query, necessitating communication with the server. Knowing when and where the mobile device will leave a safe region is widely known as a difficult problem. To solve this problem, we propose a novel method to monitor the position of the query over time using a linear function based on the direction of the query obtained by periodic monitoring of its position. Periodic monitoring ensures that the query is aware of its location all the time. This method reduces the costs associated with communications in client-server architecture. Computational results show that our method is successful in handling moving query patterns. PMID:24696652

  15. Driving Procedures. A Resource Guide for Driver Education Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas State Dept. of Public Safety, Austin.

    Designed to provide instructors with resource materials for driver education, this book contains mainly materials on established safe driving procedures. An introduction defines a procedure as describing ways in which a driver can comply with the law to do something extra that will increase his/her safety and prevent congestion and collision.

  16. Culturally safe research with vulnerable populations.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Denise; Neville, Stephen

    2009-08-01

    Culturally safe research processes, methodologies, and mutually aligned research endeavours are a fundamental right of those being researched. Vulnerable populations are at risk of experiencing inequalities in health experiences and health outcomes, and research beneficial to those being researched is crucial to address disparities. Often vulnerable populations are exposed to research that is driven by dominant epistemologies, research methodologies, and socio-cultural lenses that can exacerbate their vulnerability, negating their socio-cultural reality. In this paper it is contended that researchers should review the way in which research is constructed and developed by creating a culturally safe space for research to occur with those who are vulnerable. A framework based on partnership, participation, protection, and power is presented as a way of creating culturally safe research. PMID:19715497

  17. "Safe Schools within Safe Communities: A Regional Summit in the Heartland." Policy Briefs Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huertas, Aurelio, Jr.; Sullivan, Carol

    This report documents the proceedings of a regional policy seminar hosted by the Iowa Department of Education with support from the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL) and the Midwest Regional Center for Drug-Free Schools and Communities (MRC). The seminar, "Safe Schools Within Safe Communities," was held on September 19-20,

  18. A Simple and Safe Extracorporeal Knotting Technique

    PubMed Central

    Kothari, Reena; Somashekar, Uday; Singh Thakur, Dileep; Kumar, Vinod

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Extracorporeal knotting in laparoscopic surgery can be used in certain situations or as a bridge to mastering more technically demanding intracorporeal suturing. We describe a simple, easy, and safe extracorporeal knotting technique. Technique Description: A simple knotting technique, borrowed from the art of tatting, is used. Discussion: This very simple and safe technique has been successfully followed in more than 50 cases for tying an extracorporeal knot. Its advantage is that any number of additional knots can be tied and easily slid down in a single maneuver. PMID:23477179

  19. Keep Food Safe When Cooking Outdoors

    E-print Network

    Anding, Jenna

    2008-11-07

    your hands, cooking area, and cooking utensils clean to reduce the spread of harmful germs to the food. When cooking away from home, such as at a park or campsite, make sure there is plenty of clean water for washing your hands and utensils... them to serve the cooked food. Otherwise, the unwashed platters and utensils will contaminate the cooked foods. Cook foods to a safe internal temperature To kill harmful germs, cook the foods to a safe internal temperature. Meat and poultry cooked...

  20. Hazard avoidance via descent images for safe landing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Ruicheng; Cao, Zhiguo; Zhu, Lei; Fang, Zhiwen

    2013-10-01

    In planetary or lunar landing missions, hazard avoidance is critical for landing safety. Therefore, it is very important to correctly detect hazards and effectively find a safe landing area during the last stage of descent. In this paper, we propose a passive sensing based HDA (hazard detection and avoidance) approach via descent images to lower the landing risk. In hazard detection stage, a statistical probability model on the basis of the hazard similarity is adopted to evaluate the image and detect hazardous areas, so that a binary hazard image can be generated. Afterwards, a safety coefficient, which jointly utilized the proportion of hazards in the local region and the inside hazard distribution, is proposed to find potential regions with less hazards in the binary hazard image. By using the safety coefficient in a coarse-to-fine procedure and combining it with the local ISD (intensity standard deviation) measure, the safe landing area is determined. The algorithm is evaluated and verified with many simulated descent downward looking images rendered from lunar orbital satellite images.

  1. Safe Delivery Practices: Experience From Cross-sectional Data of Bangladeshi Women.

    PubMed

    Kabir, M A; Goh, Kim-Leng; Khan, M M H; Al-Amin, Abul Quasem; Azam, Mohammad Nurul

    2012-03-16

    This study examines the safe delivery practices of Bangladeshi women using data on 4905 ever-married women aged 15 to 49 years from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Variables that included age, region of origin, education level of respondent and spouse, residence, working status, religion, involvement in NGOs, mass media exposure, and wealth index were analyzed to find correlates of safe delivery practices. More than 80% of the deliveries took place at home, and only 18% were under safe and hygienic conditions. The likelihood of safe deliveries was significantly lower among younger and older mothers than middle-aged mothers and higher among educated mothers and those living in urban areas. Economically better-off mothers and those with greater exposure to mass media had a significantly higher incidence of safe delivery practices. A significant association with religion and safe delivery practices was revealed. Demographic, socioeconomic, cultural, and programmatic factors that are strongly associated with safe delivery practices should be considered in the formulation of reproductive health policy. PMID:22426560

  2. Human round trip to Mars: Six months and radiation safe

    SciTech Connect

    Lazareth, O.W.; Schmidt, E.; Ludewig, H.; Powell, J.R.

    1991-01-01

    We describe a different type of round trip to Mars, using a combination of spacecraft. Compared to typical proposals, this flight is relatively fast and relatively safe from biological radiation dosage. Our study is concerned with the trip from Earth orbit to Mars orbit. Four spacecraft are required for the round trip. The crew spends most of their time on board a comparatively large, well shielded spacecraft (LC) which is in free (non-powered) orbit about the sun. The crew travels from Earth orbit to the LC while on board a comparatively small, powered spacecraft (SC). At Mars, the procedure is reversed and the crew returns on a second LC. In addition, a cargo craft, with no crew, is sent to Mars prior to the crew leaving Earth orbit. The trip time is about six months and the radiation dose equivalent is within guidelines recommended by the National Commission on Radiation Protection and Measurements.

  3. Providing safe passage: rapid sequence intubation for advanced practice nursing.

    PubMed

    Dalley, Carrie Bowman; Tola, Denise H; Kesten, Karen S

    2012-01-01

    Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is a lifesaving technique performed by advanced practice nurses when patients require endotracheal intubation but are at risk for gastric aspiration. In the acute care setting, the procedure often is indicated when critically ill or injured patients exhibit difficulty maintaining a patent airway and/or are displaying inadequate oxygenation and ventilation. The goal of this article is to provide advanced practice nurses with information that promotes safe and effective clinical decision making during RSI on the basis of the current state of the science. Standard RSI practices in stable patients are reviewed, and the need for individualized modifications of this "ideal" practice in unstable, critically ill patients is addressed. Factors predisposing a patient to difficult airway management, proper equipment, and patient preparation are highlighted, along with the relevant pharmacology. Finally, prevention of potential complications during RSI in the acute care setting is discussed. PMID:22828060

  4. Utility of Work Samples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muchinsky, Paul M.

    1975-01-01

    A work sample test can provide a high degree of content validity, and offers a practical method of screening job applicants in accordance with guidelines on employee selection procedures set forth by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (MW)

  5. Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) Sun Safe Mode

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrick, Joseph; Roger, J.

    2010-01-01

    The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), a spacecraft designed and built at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration s (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Greenbelt, MD, was launched on June 18, 2009 from Cape Canaveral. It is currently in orbit about the Moon taking detailed science measurements and providing a highly accurate mapping of the suface in preparation for the future return of astronauts to a permanent moon base. Onboard the spacecraft is a complex set of algorithms designed by the attitude control engineers at GSFC to control the pointig for all operational events, including anomalies that require the spacecraft to be put into a well known attitude configuration for a sufficiently long duration to allow for the investigation and correction of the anomaly. GSFC level requirements state that each spacecraft s control system design must include a configuration for this pointing and lso be able to maintain a thermally safe and power positive attitude. This stable control algorithm for anomalous events is commonly referred to as the safe mode and consists of control logic thatwill put the spacecraft in this safe configuration defined by the spacecraft s hardware, power and environment capabilities and limitations. The LRO Sun Safe mode consists of a coarse sun-pointing set of algorithms that puts the spacecraft into this thermally safe and power positive attitude and can be achieved wihin a required amount of time from any initial attitude, provided that the system momentum is within the momentum capability of the reaction wheels. On LRO the Sun Safe mode makes use of coarse sun sensors (CSS), an inertial reference unit (IRU) and reaction wheels (RW) to slew the spacecraft to a solar inertial pointing. The CSS and reaction wheels have some level of redundancy because of their numbers. However, the IRU is a single-point-failure piece of hardware. Without the rate information provided by the IRU, the Sun Safe control algorithms could not maintain the required pointing, so a sub-mode of the Sun Safe mode that does not use the IRU was designed. This submode, referred to as the Sun Safe Gyroless control mode, consists of an algorithm that estimates rate information from the CSS and the RW measurements. RW momentum information is used to estimate the body rate parallel to the target sunline, which CSS alone would not be able to observe. Sun Safe can be autonomously, or via ground command, entered from any other control mode and in the event the IRU is not providing rate information, the control mode is switched to the gyroless submode. This paper looks at the design of the Sun Safe modes and discusses the constraints placed on the algorithm and how the mode wored around these constraints. Items of particular interest include CSS placement on the Solar Array (SA) and its implications to design, estimation of body rate information for the Sun Safe Gyroless control mode, and the effect of solar eclipse on each of the Sun Safe modes. Placing CSS on the SA was necessary for the means to put the Sun along the targeted sun-line, nominally normal to the SA panels, for all operational considerations. This had design implications for determining a sun vector during normal SA operations, if one or both gimbals become inoperable and when the SA is in a stowed configuration. The ability of body rate estimation in Sun Safe Gyroless not only uses CSS sun vector data but requires RW momentum measuremens to estimate rates parallel to the sun-line. LRO encounters solar eclipses of some length for most of its orbits about the Moon. With the lack of CSS measurement data a design was implemented in both Sun Safe and Sun Safe Gyroless, they differ because of having or not having IRU measurement data, to carry the spacecraft through these eclipse periods. This paper also includes some discussion of sun avoidance and how it affected design decisions during nominal and eclipse perids for each of the Sun Safe modes.

  6. Emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate: safe optimization of a hazardous complex process.

    PubMed

    Copelli, S; Derudi, M; Sempere, J; Serra, E; Lunghi, A; Pasturenzi, C; Rota, R

    2011-08-15

    Fast and exothermic discontinuous emulsion polymerization processes are particularly difficult to optimize from both safety and productivity point of view because of the occurrence of side undesired reactions (e.g. chain transfer to monomer, backbiting, propagation of tertiary radicals, termination by disproportion, etc.) and the hazards of boiling phenomena and stable foam formation under atmospheric pressure. Moreover, the relevant number of loading, heating and cooling steps, required before starting the monomer addition (that is, the desired reaction), makes a strict product quality reproducibility very difficult to obtain. Under these operating conditions, it is necessary to employ a suitable combined theoretical and experimental procedure able to detect the optimum process dosing time at both the laboratory and the industrial scale. In this work, it is shown how to use the topological criterion theory together with proper adiabatic calorimeter and RC1 experimental data to safely optimize the synthesis of polyvinyl acetate through the radical emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate by the means of an indirectly cooled isoperibolic semibatch reactor. PMID:21632179

  7. What promotes sustainability in Safe Community programmes?

    PubMed Central

    Nordqvist, Cecilia; Timpka, Toomas; Lindqvist, Kent

    2009-01-01

    Background The theory and practice of safety promotion has traditionally focused on the safety of individuals. This study also includes systems, environments, and organizations. Safety promotion programmes are designed to support community health initiatives taking a bottom-up approach. This is a long-term and complex process. The aim of this study was to try to empirically identify factors that promote sustainability in the structures of programmes that are managed and coordinated by the local government. Methods Four focus group sessions with local government politicians and administrators in designated Safe Communities were conducted and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Collaboration was found to be the basis for sustainability. Networks, enabling municipalities to exchange ideas, were reported to positively influence the programmes. Personal contacts rather than organizations themselves, determine whether collaboration is sustained. Participants reported an increase in cross-disciplinary collaboration among staff categories. Administrators and politicians were reported to collaborate well, which was perceived to speed up decision-making and thus to facilitate the programme work. Support from the politicians and the county council was seen as a prerequisite. Participants reported an increased willingness to share information between units, which, in their view, supports sustainability. A structure in which all local authorities' offices were located in close proximity to one another was considered to support collaboration. Appointing a public health coordinator responsible for the programme was seen as a way to strengthen the relational resources of the programme. Conclusion With a public health coordinator, the 'external' negotiating power was concentrated in one person. Also, the 'internal' programme strength increased when the coordination was based on a bureaucratic function rather than on one individual. Increased relational resources facilitated the transfer of information. A regular flow of information to policy-makers, residents, and staff was needed in order to integrate safety programmes into routines. Adopting a bottom-up approach requires that informal and ad hoc activities in information management be replaced by formalized, organizationally sanctioned routines. In contrast to injury prevention, which focuses on technical solutions, safety promotion tries to influence attitudes. Collaboration with the media was an area that could be improved. PMID:19133121

  8. Working Women Working Together

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Working Women Working Together, a site created by the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO), focuses on the wag gap. On average, American working women make $0.74 for every dollar earned by men, meaning that working women make an average of $148 dollars a week less than men. Working Women Working Together contains several fact sheets and data tables which compare salaries between men and women, as well as project the impact that equal pay would have on American families. The site also contains annotated links, several email distribution lists, and fact sheets on related topics including the world wage gap, retirement, and flexible work schedules.

  9. Establishing a safe container for learning in simulation: the role of the presimulation briefing.

    PubMed

    Rudolph, Jenny W; Raemer, Daniel B; Simon, Robert

    2014-12-01

    Summary statement: In the absence of theoretical or empirical agreement on how to establish and maintain engagement in instructor-led health care simulation debriefings, we organize a set of promising practices we have identified in closely related fields and our own work. We argue that certain practices create a psychologically safe context for learning, a so-called safe container. Establishing a safe container, in turn, allows learners to engage actively in simulation plus debriefings despite possible disruptions to that engagement such as unrealistic aspects of the simulation, potential threats to their professional identity, or frank discussion of mistakes. Establishing a psychologically safe context includes the practices of (1) clarifying expectations, (2) establishing a "fiction contract" with participants, (3) attending to logistic details, and (4) declaring and enacting a commitment to respecting learners and concern for their psychological safety. As instructors collaborate with learners to perform these practices, consistency between what instructors say and do may also impact learners' engagement. PMID:25188485

  10. Fail-safe bidirectional valve driver

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fujimoto, H.

    1974-01-01

    Cross-coupled diodes are added to commonly used bidirectional valve driver circuit to protect circuit and power supply. Circuit may be used in systems requiring fail-safe bidirectional valve operation, particularly in chemical- and petroleum-processing control systems and computer-controlled hydraulic or pneumatic systems.

  11. DEVELOPING A SAFE SOURCE OF CASTOR OIL

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) is an important oilseed crop with significant industrial value. However, the production of castor oil is hampered by the presence of the toxin ricin and hyper-allergenic 2S albumins in its seed. We are thus investigating the possibility of developing a safe source...

  12. Safe Ambients: Control Flow Analysis and Security.

    E-print Network

    Levi, Francesca

    Safe Ambients: Control Flow Analysis and Security. Pierpaolo Degano, Francesca Levi, Chiara Bodei of Mobile Ambients. The analysis re#12;nes [12] and computes an approximation of the run-time topology Ambients (MA [6]) has recently emerged as a core programming language for the Web and, at the same time

  13. Hitting the Road: Safe Student Transportation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Labriola, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    This article highlights the importance of school administrators' taking an active role in selecting motor coach carriers for their school trips. School administrators must be able to prove due diligence in selecting safe motor carriers. If not, they risk significant liability exposure for neglecting this critical responsibility. The article

  14. Commentary: moving people safely in African cities.

    PubMed

    Iyasu, Dagmawi

    2014-05-01

    Moving People Safely in Cities, the September 2013 conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia reflected a promising trend, to look at road safety from the perspective of people, and thus public health. In addition to the public health perspective, road safety efforts deserve an institutional home in Africa. PMID:24552766

  15. Exploring Safely: A Guide for Elementary Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwan, Terry; Texley, Juliana

    It is very important to provide a safe learning environment for students while engaging them in investigative and observational hands-on science activities. This teacher's guide provides information on safety rules and regulations in a narrative style while discussing both self-contained classroom teachers and science specialists in the elementary

  16. Safe Schools: What the Southeast Is Doing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SERVE Policy Brief, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Virtually no school is safe from violence. FBI statistics, which show that juvenile crimes actually peaked during the mid-1970s, are at odds with the public perception that crime rates among young people are at an all-time high. The FBI acknowledges, however, that the crimes committed by young people tend to be more serious than in the past, and

  17. March 18, 2011 `Safe Space' initiative aims

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    for questions or issues that might arise around sexual orientation and gender identity issues in the workplace of the University community regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity or expression. The goal to answer questions or engage in discussions about LGBT issues. You don't have to be gay to drop by a Safe

  18. Travelling Safely on Ice: Algonquin Park.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Craig

    1994-01-01

    Provides safety considerations for snowshoe travel on iced waterways such as those of Algonquin Park (Ontario). Addresses what season is safe for waterway travel, how to determine the strength of the ice, reasonable travel time per day, what to do if you fall through the ice, and appropriate sites for winter camping. (LP)

  19. 49 CFR 230.70 - Safe condition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...MAINTENANCE STANDARDS Steam Locomotives and Tenders Brake and Signal Equipment 230...The brakes on the steam locomotive and tender are in safe and suitable condition for...pipe valve attached to the front of the tender, the rear of the back cab wall, or...

  20. SAFE DRINKING WATER INFORMATION SYSTEM (STATE)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Resource Purpose: The Safe Drinking Water Information System (STATE) (SDWIS/STATE) is an information system OGWDW is developing for states and EPA regions to manage their water industry. SDWIS/STATE is not an information system for which EPA HQ is using to store or retrie...

  1. Classrooms as Safe Places To Be Wrong.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sankey, Derek

    This paper contends that classrooms should be safe places for students and their teachers to be wrong, suggesting that this concept should provide the mainspring for educational reform in Hong Kong and in other places in the world. It notes that education in Hong Kong is harsh and has a tendency to label students; for the majority of students,

  2. Submerged passively-safe power plant

    DOEpatents

    Herring, J.S.

    1993-09-21

    The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process. 8 figures.

  3. Safe Design of Dynamically Reconfigurable Embedded Systems

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Safe Design of Dynamically Reconfigurable Embedded Systems Xin An*, Abdoulaye Gamati´e**, ´Eric Abstract--Dynamically reconfigurable embedded systems are more and more attractive with the high need to adapt embedded systems regarding frequent environment changes, better execu- tion performances and lower

  4. Safe Schools for the Roller Coaster Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inlay, Linda

    2005-01-01

    The dramatic ups and downs so often witnessed in adolescents are the result of changes in their brain activity. It is vital that the emotional and psychological needs that arise from such intense brain development are acknowledged and addressed so that middle school becomes a safe environment for the budding adults.

  5. Submerged passively-safe power plant

    SciTech Connect

    Herring, J.S.

    1991-12-31

    The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

  6. Staying Safe during Exercise and Physical Activity

    MedlinePLUS

    ... nih.gov/Go4Life Staying Safe during Exercise and Physical Activity Theres a way for almost every older adult ... have specific health conditions, discuss your exercise and physical activity plan with your health care provider. Endurance. Listen ...

  7. Submarine 'safe to escape' studies in man.

    PubMed

    Jurd, K M; Seddon, F M; Thacker, J C; Blogg, S L; Stansfield, M R D; White, M G; Loveman, G A M

    2014-01-01

    The Royal Navy requires reliable advice on the safe limits of escape from a distressed submarine (DISSUB). Flooding in a DISSUB may cause a rise in ambient pressure, increasing the risk of decompression sickness (DCS) and decreasing the maximum depth from which it is safe to escape. The aim of this study was to investigate the pressure/depth limits to escape following saturation at raised ambient pressure. Exposure to saturation pressures up to 1.6 bar (a) (160 kPa) (n = 38); escapes from depths down to 120 meters of sea water (msw) (n = 254) and a combination of saturation followed by escape (n = 90) was carried out in the QinetiQ Submarine Escape Simulator, Alverstoke, United Kingdom. Doppler ultrasound monitoring was used to judge the severity of decompression stress. The trials confirmed the previously untested advice, in the Guardbook, that if a DISSUB was lying at a depth of 90 msw, then it was safe to escape when the pressure in the DISSUB was 1.5 bar (a), but also indicated that this advice may be overly conservative. This study demonstrated that the upper DISSUB saturation pressure limit to safe escape from 90 msw was 1.6 bar (a), resulting in two cases of DCS. PMID:25109084

  8. Safe Schools: A Best Practices Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Educational Facility Planners International, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Every day in America more than 50 million children go to neighborhood public schools. Parents send them off with every hope they will be safe while there. And yet, as has been the case in too many cities, violence shatters that hope. The Council of Educational Facilities Planners International (CEFPI) seeks to lead in the effort to bolster schools

  9. Submerged passively-safe power plant

    DOEpatents

    Herring, J. Stephen (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1993-01-01

    The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

  10. University of Toronto Safe to Remove Tag

    E-print Network

    Sokolowski, Marla

    University of Toronto Safe to Remove Tag Where necessary, the equipment identified below has been. Equipment Department, Building Name, and Room Number To the best of my knowledge, this equipment or location of T Laboratory Hazardous Waste Management and Disposal Manual http

  11. 30 CFR 56.17001 - Illumination of surface working areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Illumination of surface working areas. 56.17001 Section 56.17001... 56.17001 Illumination of surface working areas. Illumination sufficient to provide safe working conditions shall be provided in and on...

  12. 30 CFR 57.17001 - Illumination of surface working areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Illumination of surface working areas. 57.17001 Section 57.17001... 57.17001 Illumination of surface working areas. Illumination sufficient to provide safe working conditions shall be provided in and...

  13. 30 CFR 57.17001 - Illumination of surface working areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Illumination of surface working areas. 57.17001 Section 57.17001... 57.17001 Illumination of surface working areas. Illumination sufficient to provide safe working conditions shall be provided in and...

  14. 30 CFR 56.17001 - Illumination of surface working areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Illumination of surface working areas. 56.17001 Section 56.17001... 56.17001 Illumination of surface working areas. Illumination sufficient to provide safe working conditions shall be provided in and on...

  15. Financial Procedures for Faculty or Staff-led Education Abroad Programs It is the goal of the Office of International Programs (OIP) -Educational Abroad (EA) to work as an academic

    E-print Network

    Financial Procedures for Faculty or Staff-led Education Abroad Programs It is the goal the financial protocols for faculty and/or staff interested in leading an education abroad program. Pre public scrutiny #12;Financial Procedures for Faculty or Staff-led Education Abroad Programs as there can

  16. Combined SAFE/SNAP approach to safeguards evaluation. [Safeguards Network Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Engi, D.; Chapman, L.D.; Grant, F.H.; Polito, J.

    1980-01-01

    Generally, the scope of a safeguards evaluation model can efficiently address one of two issues, (1) global safeguards effectiveness, or (2) vulnerability analysis for individual scenarios. The Safeguards Automated Facility Evaluation (SAFE) focuses on (1) while the Safeguards Network Analysis Procedure (SNAP) is directed at (2). SAFE addresses (1) in that it considers the entire facility, i.e., the composite system of hardware and human components, in one global analysis. SNAP addresses (2) by providing a safeguards modeling symbology sufficiently flexible to represent quite complex scenarios from the standpoint of hardware interfaces while also accounting for a rich variety of human decision making. A combined SAFE/SNAP approach to the problem of safeguards evaluation is described and illustrated through an example.

  17. Safe handling of potential peroxide forming compounds and their corresponding peroxide yielded derivatives.

    SciTech Connect

    Sears, Jeremiah Matthew; Boyle, Timothy J.; Dean, Christopher J.

    2013-06-01

    This report addresses recent developments concerning the identification and handling of potential peroxide forming (PPF) and peroxide yielded derivative (PYD) chemicals. PPF chemicals are described in terms of labeling, shelf lives, and safe handling requirements as required at SNL. The general peroxide chemistry concerning formation, prevention, and identification is cursorily presented to give some perspective to the generation of peroxides. The procedure for determining peroxide concentrations and the proper disposal methods established by the Hazardous Waste Handling Facility are also provided. Techniques such as neutralization and dilution are provided for the safe handling of any PYD chemicals to allow for safe handling. The appendices are a collection of all available SNL documentation pertaining to PPF/PYD chemicals to serve as a single reference.

  18. Microbial ecology laboratory procedures manual NASA/MSFC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huff, Timothy L.

    1990-01-01

    An essential part of the efficient operation of any microbiology laboratory involved in sample analysis is a standard procedures manual. The purpose of this manual is to provide concise and well defined instructions on routine technical procedures involving sample analysis and methods for monitoring and maintaining quality control within the laboratory. Of equal importance is the safe operation of the laboratory. This manual outlines detailed procedures to be followed in the microbial ecology laboratory to assure safety, analytical control, and validity of results.

  19. Procedural sedation and analgesia in children.

    PubMed

    Krauss, Baruch; Green, Steven M

    2006-03-01

    Procedural sedation and analgesia for children--the use of sedative, analgesic, or dissociative drugs to relieve anxiety and pain associated with diagnostic and therapeutic procedures--is now widely practised by a diverse group of specialists outside the operating theatre. We review the principles underlying safe and effective procedural sedation and analgesia and the spectrum of procedures for which it is currently done. We discuss the decision-making process used to determine appropriate drug selection, dosing, and sedation endpoint. We detail the pharmacopoeia for procedural sedation and analgesia, reviewing the pharmacology and adverse effects of these drugs. International differences in practice are described along with current areas of controversy and future directions. PMID:16517277

  20. Safe Affordable Fission Engine-(SAFE-) 100a Heat Exchanger Thermal and Structural Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steeve, B. E.

    2005-01-01

    A potential fission power system for in-space missions is a heat pipe-cooled reactor coupled to a Brayton cycle. In this system, a heat exchanger (HX) transfers the heat of the reactor core to the Brayton gas. The Safe Affordable Fission Engine- (SAFE-) 100a is a test program designed to thermally and hydraulically simulate a 95 Btu/s prototypic heat pipe-cooled reactor using electrical resistance heaters on the ground. This Technical Memorandum documents the thermal and structural assessment of the HX used in the SAFE-100a program.

  1. Procedural knowledge

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Georgeff, Michael P.; Lansky, Amy L.

    1986-01-01

    Much of commonsense knowledge about the real world is in the form of procedures or sequences of actions for achieving particular goals. In this paper, a formalism is presented for representing such knowledge using the notion of process. A declarative semantics for the representation is given, which allows a user to state facts about the effects of doing things in the problem domain of interest. An operational semantics is also provided, which shows how this knowledge can be used to achieve particular goals or to form intentions regarding their achievement. Given both semantics, the formalism additionally serves as an executable specification language suitable for constructing complex systems. A system based on this formalism is described, and examples involving control of an autonomous robot and fault diagnosis for NASA's Space Shuttle are provided.

  2. Development of an ultra-safe, ultra-low emissions natural gas fueled school bus: Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Kubesh, J.T. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)] [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

    1998-03-01

    This report documents work conducted under Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) Project 03-6871, ``Development of an Ultra-Safe and Low-Emission Dedicated Alternative Fuel School Bus.`` The project was sponsored by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Subcontract No. ZCF-5-13519-01. This report documents Phase 3 -- Integration and Phase 4 -- Demonstration and serves as the final report for this project. Phase 1 -- Systems Design and Phase 2 -- Prototype Hardware Development were documented in NREL publications TP-425-7609 and TP-425-2 1081, respectively. Several significant areas of work are summarized in this report. Integration of the engine technologies developed under Phase 2 into a production Deere 8.1-L, spark-ignition compressed natural gas engine is detailed, including information on the engine and control system modifications that were made. Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions results verifying the ultra-low emissions output of this engine are also included. The informal project goal of producing oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) emissions less than or equal to 1.0 g/bhp-hr over the FTP heavy-duty engine cycle was attained. In addition, a test run that resulted in less than one half of the Ultra-Low Emissions Vehicle limit for NO{sub x} plus non-methane hydrocarbons was obtained. These results were for engine-out (no catalyst) emissions. Results using a catalyst produced very low formaldehyde emissions and virtually zero carbon monoxide and particulate matter emissions. Following these excellent results, a duplicate engine was assembled and integrated into the prototype ultra-safe school bus, the Envirobus 2000. Many of the new and modified subsystems developed during this project for the engine are considered strong candidates for inclusion into the production Deere 8.1-L gas engine in the near future.

  3. ColorSafe 1.5: A Web Safe Color Plug-in for Photoshop

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    ColorSafe 1.5, a product of BoxTop Software, Inc. (discussed in the August 15, 1997 issue of the Scout Report), offers an excellent tool to create web safe graphics in Adobe Photoshop. ColorSafe 1.5 was released October 29, 1997 as a shareware ($49.95) for the Mac and will soon be released for Windows 95/NT. This Photoshop plug-in "extends the 216 color web safe palette to millions of non-dithering optical colors and patterns with fully interactive color pickers from CMYK to HSV to RGB." Although made for Photoshop, ColorSafe 1.5 is also compatible with Illustrator 6.0 - 7.0, PhotoDelux 1.0, Fractal Design Painter 2.0 - 5.0, Deneba Canvas 5.0, Macromedia xRes 2.0 - 3.0, Microfrontier ColorIt! 3.0 - 3.2, Equilibrium DeBabelizer 1.6.1 - 1.6.5, and others. The download comes with additional palettes and a free plug-in called WebClipper to ensure that colors (from the web safe palette) in a graphic will match exactly after an adaptive color reduction has been performed in Photoshop.

  4. Interactive architectural modeling with procedural extrusions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Kelly; Peter Wonka

    2011-01-01

    We present an interactive procedural modeling system for the exterior of architectural models. Our modeling system is based on procedural extrusions of building footprints. The main novelty of our work is that we can model difficult architectural surfaces in a procedural framework, for example, curved roofs, overhanging roofs, dormer windows, interior dormer windows, roof constructions with vertical walls, buttresses, chimneys,

  5. Safe and Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (SSBWR)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masaya Ohtsuka; Koji Fujimura; Takuji Nagayoshi; Jun-ichi Yamashita; Yasuyoshi Kato

    2002-01-01

    A safe and simplified BWR (SSBWR) has been developed as an innovative future reactor to provide a super-long life core of 20 years and to realize a passive core safety system with infinite grace period. Operability and maintainability can be largely improved by using the super-long life core, cutting the number of active components, and using a one-batch core with

  6. Safe exercise prescription for children and adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Alleyne, Julia MK

    1998-01-01

    This article provides practical advice on healthy exercise prescription for children. There is growing scientific evidence about the abilities and limits of child athletes in both recreational and competitive environments. As exercise becomes essential for the prevention of illness and maintenance of health, the counselling for an exercise prescription requires enhanced knowledge. The latest recommendations on safe strength, resistance and weight training are presented in a concise format for office use. PMID:20401276

  7. Safe and efficient use of the Internet.

    PubMed

    Downes, P K

    2007-07-14

    A minority of people abuse the freedom of the Internet to the detriment of the vast majority. Many people feel that the Internet requires more regulation to reduce the burden of hackers, viruses, hoaxes, adverts and spam that continue to proliferate unabated. Until this ever happens, it is down to the individual person or business to protect themselves against malicious attacks and to use the Internet in a safe and efficient manner. PMID:17632481

  8. Esomeprazole: a safe alternative to lansoprazole allergy?

    PubMed

    Kara, Muammer; Tanoglu, Alpaslan; Kutlu, Ali; Sirkeci, Ozgur; Kekilli, Murat

    2014-08-01

    Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely prescribed drugs in daily practice. Allergic reactions, even small number of anaphylactic reactions to PPIs have been reported. Omeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole, rapeprazol and esomeprazole are classified in the same group. Despite the similarity of biochemical structures among these drugs, presence of cross-reactivity between PPIs is controversial.1,2 In this letter, we present 3 lansoprazole allergy cases, who were prescribed and took esomeprazole safely after allergic reactions to lansoprazole. PMID:24659167

  9. Safe transport of radioactive materials in Egypt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Shinawy, Rifaat M. K.

    1994-07-01

    In Egypt the national regulations for safe transport of radioactive materials (RAM) are based on the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) regulations. In addition, regulations for the safe transport of these materials through the Suez Canal (SC) were laid down by the Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA) and the Suez Canal Authority (SCA). They are continuously updated to meet the increased knowledge and the gained experience. The technical and protective measures taken during transport of RAM through SC are mentioned. Assessment of the impact of transporting radioactive materials through the Suez Canal using the INTERTRAN computer code was carried out in cooperation with IAEA. The transported activities and empty containers, the number of vessels carrying RAM through the canal from 1963 to 1991 and their nationalities are also discussed. The protective measures are mentioned.A review of the present situation of the radioactive wastes storage facilities at the Atomic Energy site at Inshas is given along with the regulation for safe transportation and disposal of radioactive wastes

  10. Inherently safe in situ uranium recovery.

    SciTech Connect

    Krumhansl, James Lee; Beauheim, Richard Louis; Brady, Patrick Vane; Arnold, Bill Walter; Kanney, Joseph F.; McKenna, Sean Andrew

    2009-05-01

    Expansion of uranium mining in the United States is a concern to some environmental groups and sovereign Native American Nations. An approach which may alleviate some problems is to develop inherently safe in situ uranium recovery ('ISR') technologies. Current ISR technology relies on chemical extraction of trace levels of uranium from aquifers that, once mined, can still contain dissolved uranium and other trace metals that are a health concern. Existing ISR operations are few in number; however, high uranium prices are driving the industry to consider expanding operations nation-wide. Environmental concerns and enforcement of the new 30 ppb uranium drinking water standard may make opening new mining operations more difficult and costly. Here we propose a technological fix: the development of inherently safe in situ recovery (ISISR) methods. The four central features of an ISISR approach are: (1) New 'green' leachants that break down predictably in the subsurface, leaving uranium, and associated trace metals, in an immobile form; (2) Post-leachant uranium/metals-immobilizing washes that provide a backup decontamination process; (3) An optimized well-field design that increases uranium recovery efficiency and minimizes excursions of contaminated water; and (4) A combined hydrologic/geochemical protocol for designing low-cost post-extraction long-term monitoring. ISISR would bring larger amounts of uranium to the surface, leave fewer toxic metals in the aquifer, and cost less to monitor safely - thus providing a 'win-win-win' solution to all stakeholders.

  11. Laser patterning of platinum electrodes for safe neurostimulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, R. A.; Matteucci, P. B.; Dodds, C. W. D.; Palmer, J.; Dueck, W. F.; Hassarati, R. T.; Byrnes-Preston, P. J.; Lovell, N. H.; Suaning, G. J.

    2014-10-01

    Objective. Laser surface modification of platinum (Pt) electrodes was investigated for use in neuroprosthetics. Surface modification was applied to increase the surface area of the electrode and improve its ability to transfer charge within safe electrochemical stimulation limits. Approach. Electrode arrays were laser micromachined to produce Pt electrodes with smooth surfaces, which were then modified with four laser patterning techniques to produce surface structures which were nanosecond patterned, square profile, triangular profile and roughened on the micron scale through structured laser interference patterning (SLIP). Improvements in charge transfer were shown through electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and biphasic stimulation at clinically relevant levels. A new method was investigated and validated which enabled the assessment of in vivo electrochemically safe charge injection limits. Main results. All of the modified surfaces provided electrical advantage over the smooth Pt. The SLIP surface provided the greatest benefit both in vitro and in vivo, and this surface was the only type which had injection limits above the threshold for neural stimulation, at a level shown to produce a response in the feline visual cortex when using an electrode array implanted in the suprachoroidal space of the eye. This surface was found to be stable when stimulated with more than 150 million clinically relevant pulses in physiological saline. Significance. Critical to the assessment of implant devices is accurate determination of safe usage limits in an in vivo environment. Laser patterning, in particular SLIP, is a superior technique for improving the performance of implant electrodes without altering the interfacial electrode chemistry through coating. Future work will require chronic in vivo assessment of these electrode patterns.

  12. Power control of SAFE reactor using fuzzy logic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Irvine, Claude

    2002-01-01

    Controlling the 100 kW SAFE (Safe Affordable Fission Engine) reactor consists of design and implementation of a fuzzy logic process control system to regulate dynamic variables related to nuclear system power. The first phase of development concentrates primarily on system power startup and regulation, maintaining core temperature equilibrium, and power profile matching. This paper discusses the experimental work performed in those areas. Nuclear core power from the fuel elements is simulated using resistive heating elements while heat rejection is processed by a series of heat pipes. Both axial and radial nuclear power distributions are determined from neuronic modeling codes. The axial temperature profile of the simulated core is matched to the nuclear power profile by varying the resistance of the heating elements. The SAFE model establishes radial temperature profile equivalence by establishing 32 control zones as the nodal coordinates. Control features also allow for slow warm up, since complete shutoff can occur in the heat pipes if heat-source temperatures drop/rise below a certain minimum value, depending on the specific fluid and gas combination in the heat pipe. The entire system is expected to be self-adaptive, i.e., capable of responding to long-range changes in the space environment. Particular attention in the development of the fuzzy logic algorithm shall ensure that the system process remains at set point, virtually eliminating overshoot on start-up and during in-process disturbances. The controller design will withstand harsh environments and applications where it might come in contact with water, corrosive chemicals, radiation fields, etc. .

  13. Motala Municipality - a sustainable Safe Community in Sweden.

    PubMed

    Lindqvist, Kent

    2012-01-01

    An extensive research project concerning injury prevention was planned and initiated in Motala Municipality in the early 1980s. This article summarises 25 years of work for injury prevention and safety promotion in Motala. Evaluation of both process and effect were conducted based on a quasi-experimental study design, as well as cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses of interventions. Initial evaluations results showed an annual incidence of injuries of 118.9/1000 citizens in 1983/1984 consisting of injuries at home (35%), sports injuries (18.9%), injuries at work (13.7%), traffic-related injuries (12.8%) and other injuries (19.5%). The annual social economic costs of injuries were estimated at 116 million Swedish crowns (SEK). By 1989, after two years of preventive work, the incidence of injuries was reduced by 13%. The greatest decrease was among the moderate severity category of injuries (41%). The social economic costs were thereby reduced by 21 million SEK per year. Since then, work with injury prevention has continued and annual evaluations have shown that the incidence of injuries, with some fluctuation, has continued to decrease up to the latest evaluation in 2008. The total decrease during the study period was 37%. This study shows that community-based injury prevention work according to the Safe Community model is a successful and cost-effective way of reducing injuries in the local community. PMID:22762443

  14. Designing Flight-Deck Procedures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Degani, Asaf; Wiener, L.; Shafto, Mike (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    A complex human-machine system consists of more than merely one or more human operators and a collection of hardware components. In order to operate a complex system successfully, the human-machine system must be supported by an organizational infrastructure of operating concepts, rules, guidelines, and documents. The coherency of such operating concepts, in terms of consistency and logic, is vitally important for the efficiency and safety of any complex system. In high-risk endeavors such as aircraft operations, space flight, nuclear power production, manufacturing process control, and military operations, it is essential that such support be flawless, as the price of operational error can be high. When operating rules are not adhered to, or the rules are inadequate for the task at hand, not only will the system's goals be thwarted, but there may also be tragic human and material consequences. To ensure safe and predictable operations, support to the operators, in this case flight crews, often comes in the form of standard operating procedures. These provide the crew with step-by-step guidance for carrying out their operations. Standard procedures do indeed promote uniformity, but they do so at the risk of reducing the role of human operators to a lower level. Management, however, must recognize the danger of over-procedurization, which fails to exploit one of the most valuable assets in the system, the intelligent operator who is "on the scene." The alert system designer and operations manager recognize that there cannot be a procedure for everything, and the time will come in which the operators of a complex system will face a situation for which there is no written procedure. Procedures, whether executed by humans or machines, have their place, but so does human cognition.

  15. Conceptual Design of the Chornobyl New Safe Confinement - an Overview

    SciTech Connect

    Kulishenko, Valery N.; Hogg, Charles; Schmieman, Eric A.; Wrona, Matthew W.; Convert, Philippe; Nemchinov, Yuriy I.; Shenderovich, Victor; Shcherbin, Vladimir; Belicard, Pascal; Durst, Bruce M.

    2006-05-01

    The Object Shelter, constructed over the Chornobyl nuclear power plant that was destroyed by a 1986 accident, is at risk of collapse. The Consortium of Bechtel, Electricit De France, and Battelle, in cooperation with subcontractor ???, recently completed the conceptual design for a New Safe Confinement (NSC) building to reduce Shelter corrosion, to mitigate the consequences of potential collapse, and to enable the safe deconstruction of unstable structures. The arch-shaped NSC will be constructed at a distance from the Shelter to minimize radiation exposure to construction workers, and then slid into place over the Shelter. After sliding, cranes and other tools inside the NSC will be remotely operated for deconstruction of the Shelter. The NSC is designed for a 100-year life. Bechtel designed the arch structure and was responsible for project management functions. Electricit De France designed the foundations and designed deconstruction of the Object Shelter unstable elements. Battelle performed safety analyses and environmental impact assessment. ??? (a consortium of ?I?? [KIEP], ??I?? [NIISK], and ???? [ISTC]), as a working partner in all aspects of the design and analysis processes, was the Ukrainian licensed engineer for conceptual design. The design is currently being reviewed by Ukrainian regulatory authorities. An open international tender for detailed design and construction is anticipated to be announced by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in December, 2003, with two-stage bid evaluation beginning in April, 2004.

  16. Maternal health and safe motherhood: findings from concluded research studies.

    PubMed

    1995-01-01

    The research component of the World Health Organization's Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Program was established to provide new knowledge on scientifically valid and socially and economically acceptable ways of reducing high levels of maternal mortality and severe morbidity in order to achieve the global goal of reducing the level of maternal mortality by 50% by the year 2000. From the start of the program, more than 300 applications for support were received; 223 were submitted to the steering committee, of which 84 received funding. Not all of the studies have been completed. Among those studies which have been completed, however, several have been published in national and international journals, and some have been presented in a format generally inaccessible to those working in maternal health and safe motherhood. This paper introduces a special issue of World Health Statistics Quarterly which has brought together unpublished research results in the attempt to more widely disseminate research findings. A great deal of information has been obtained on levels of maternal mortality and morbidity in developing countries. Examples of health service and community interventions to improve maternal health have been identified, while information has accumulated on the main causes of maternal morbidity and mortality, hemorrhage, anemia, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, sepsis, obstructed labor, and abortion. This valuable methodological and practical data have been collected despite constraints upon the scope and nature of the research and upon the methodologies used. PMID:7571705

  17. [Safe patient care: safety culture and risk management in otorhinolaryngology].

    PubMed

    St Pierre, M

    2013-04-01

    Safety culture is positioned at the heart of an organisation's vulnerability to error because of its role in framing organizational awareness to risk and in providing and sustaining effective strategies of risk management. Safety related attitudes of leadership and management play a crucial role in the development of a mature safety culture ("top-down process"). A type marker for organizational culture and thus a predictor for an organizations maturity in respect to safety is information flow and in particular an organization's general way of coping with information that suggests anomaly. As all values and beliefs, relationships, learning, and other aspects of organizational safety culture are about sharing and processing information, safety culture has been termed "informed culture". An informed culture is free of blame and open for information provided by incidents. "Incident reporting systems" are the backbone of a reporting culture, where good information flow is likely to support and encourage other kinds of cooperative behavior, such as problem solving, innovation, and inter-departmental bridging. Another facet of an informed culture is the free flow of information during perioperative patient care. The World Health Organisation's "safe surgery checklist" is the most prevalent example of a standardized information exchange aimed at preventing patient harm due to information deficit. In routine tasks mandatory standard operating procedures have gained widespread acceptance in guaranteeing the highest possible process quality.Technical and non-technical skills of healthcare professionals are the decisive human resource for an efficient and safe delivery of patient care and the avoidance of errors. The systematic enhancement of staff qualification by providing training opportunities can be a major investment in patient safety. In recent years several otorhinolaryngology departments have started to incorporate simulation based team trainings into their curriculum. PMID:23625714

  18. Safe patient care safety culture and risk management in otorhinolaryngology

    PubMed Central

    St. Pierre, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Safety culture is positioned at the heart of an organizations vulnerability to error because of its role in framing organizational awareness to risk and in providing and sustaining effective strategies of risk management. Safety related attitudes of leadership and management play a crucial role in the development of a mature safety culture (top-down process). A type marker for organizational culture and thus a predictor for an organizations maturity in respect to safety is information flow and in particular an organizations general way of coping with information that suggests anomaly. As all values and beliefs, relationships, learning, and other aspects of organizational safety culture are about sharing and processing information, safety culture has been termed informed culture. An informed culture is free of blame and open for information provided by incidents. Incident reporting systems are the backbone of a reporting culture, where good information flow is likely to support and encourage other kinds of cooperative behavior, such as problem solving, innovation, and inter-departmental bridging. Another facet of an informed culture is the free flow of information during perioperative patient care. The World Health Organizations safe surgery checklist is the most prevalent example of a standardized information exchange aimed at preventing patient harm due to information deficit. In routine tasks mandatory standard operating procedures have gained widespread acceptance in guaranteeing the highest possible process quality. Technical and non-technical skills of healthcare professionals are the decisive human resource for an efficient and safe delivery of patient care and the avoidance of errors. The systematic enhancement of staff qualification by providing training opportunities can be a major investment in patient safety. In recent years several otorhinolaryngology departments have started to incorporate stimulation based team trainings into their curriculum. PMID:24403977

  19. How NIF Works

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2010-09-01

    The National Ignition Facility, located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is the world's largest laser system... 192 huge laser beams in a massive building, all focused down at the last moment at a 2 millimeter ball containing frozen hydrogen gas. The goal is to achieve fusion... getting more energy out than was used to create it. It's never been done before under controlled conditions, just in nuclear weapons and in stars. We expect to do it within the next 2-3 years. The purpose is threefold: to create an almost limitless supply of safe, carbon-free, proliferation-free electricity; examine new regimes of astrophysics as well as basic science; and study the inner-workings of the U.S. stockpile of nuclear weapons to ensure they remain safe, secure and reliable without the need for underground testing. More information about NIF can be found at:

  20. How NIF Works

    SciTech Connect

    2009-07-30

    The National Ignition Facility, located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is the world's largest laser system... 192 huge laser beams in a massive building, all focused down at the last moment at a 2 millimeter ball containing frozen hydrogen gas. The goal is to achieve fusion... getting more energy out than was used to create it. It's never been done before under controlled conditions, just in nuclear weapons and in stars. We expect to do it within the next 2-3 years. The purpose is threefold: to create an almost limitless supply of safe, carbon-free, proliferation-free electricity; examine new regimes of astrophysics as well as basic science; and study the inner-workings of the U.S. stockpile of nuclear weapons to ensure they remain safe, secure and reliable without the need for underground testing. More information about NIF can be found at:

  1. Medicines: Use Them Safely | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePLUS

    ... this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Taking Medicines Safely Medicines: Use Them Safely Past Issues / Summer 2013 Table ... Questions To Ask Your Doctor About A New Medicine What is the name of the medicine, and ...

  2. 33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    Safe water marks indicate that there is navigable water all around the mark. They are often used to indicate fairways or midchannels, or the seaward end of channels. Safe water marks are colored with red and white vertical...

  3. Development of safe, green and high performance ionic liquids-based batteries (ILLIBATT project)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Balducci; S. S. Jeong; G. T. Kim; S. Passerini; M. Winter; M. Schmuck; G. B. Appetecchi; R. Marcilla; D. Mecerreyes; V. Barsukov; V. Khomenko; I. Cantero; I. De Meatza; M. Holzapfel; N. Tran

    2011-01-01

    This manuscript presents the work carried out within the European project ILLIBATT, which was dedicated to the development of green, safe and high performance ionic liquids-based lithium batteries. Different types of ionic liquids-based electrolytes were developed in the project, based on different ionic liquids and polymers. Using these electrolytes, the performance of several anodic and cathodic materials has been tested

  4. Safe Navigation of a Wall-Climbing Robot Risk Assessment and Control Methods

    E-print Network

    Berns, Karsten

    Safe Navigation of a Wall-Climbing Robot ­ Risk Assessment and Control Methods Daniel Schmidt Vom. His far-sighted vision was the ideal motivation for the work on climbing robots to bring them Berns. He gave me the possibility to research in the very interesting and multifaceted field of robotics

  5. Nonblocking and Safe Control of Discrete Event Systems modeled as Extended Finite Automata

    E-print Network

    Kumar, Ratnesh

    finite automata (EFA) framework, obtained by augmenting a standard finite state automaton (FSA1 Nonblocking and Safe Control of Discrete Event Systems modeled as Extended Finite Automata Lucien Automata (EFA), i.e., finite au- tomata extended with variables, are a suitable modeling frame- work

  6. Retaining Sandbox Containment Despite Bugs in Privileged Memory-Safe Code

    E-print Network

    Krishnamurthy, Arvind

    Retaining Sandbox Containment Despite Bugs in Privileged Memory-Safe Code Justin Cappos, Armon of secure sandboxes represent a major security threat to billions of devices worldwide. The standard in the standard library often allow an at- tacker to escape the security protections of the sandbox. In this work

  7. A guide to safe field operations

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Yobbi, D.K.; Yorke, T.H.; Mycyk, R.T.

    1996-01-01

    Most functions of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Water Resources Division (WRD) require employees to participate in numerous field activities ranging from routine meetings with cooperators, other federal and public officials, and private citizens to potentially hazardous assignments, such as making flood measurements and scuba diving to service underwater instruments. It is paramount that each employee be aware of safety procedures and operational policies of the WRD to ensure that (1) their activities avoid or minimize personal injury to the employee, coworkers, or anyone in the vicinity of the field activity, and (2) their conduct does not infringe on the personal or property rights of any individual or organization. The purpose of the guide is to familiarize employees with the operational and safety procedures expected to be followed by each employee as a representative of the WRD. It is also intended as a training tool for all new employees and a document to be reviewed by each employee before undertaking a field assignment. It includes general procedures that are standard and applicable to all field operations, such as communication, vehicle operation, and adequate preparation for anticipated weather conditions. It also includes a discussion of specific procedures and safety considerations for most of the routine field assignments undertaken by hydrologists and hydrologic technicians of the WRD. The guide is not intended to be a technical handbook outlining step-by-step procedures for performing specific tasks or a comprehensive discussion of every possible activity that may be undertaken by a USGS employee. Employees are referred to the Techniques for Water-Resources Investigations (TWRI) series for specific technical procedures and to the U.S. Geological Survey Safety and Environmental Health Handbook 445-1-H (USGS, August 1989), USGS Occupational Hazards and Safety Procedures Handbook 445-2-H (December 1993), the WRD notebook on Safety Policy and Guidance Memoranda, and other references for procedures and safety issues related to nonroutine activities, such as operations on large vessels and aircraft.

  8. Human factors engineering of enhanced spaceport procedures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanki, Barbara G.; Barth, Tim; Blankmann-Alexander, Donna; Parker, D. Blake; Coan, Hester

    2001-02-01

    Because operational procedures provide a first line of defense against human error, human-centered design is key for streamlining work processes, standardizing work practices, and providing invaluable reminders and cautions during high risk, complex operations. In contrast, inaccurate or poorly designed operational procedures and documentation can impede the work process, encourage unsafe work practices, and confuse or mislead operators during safety critical steps. In response to several internal KSC studies that concluded that operational procedures (work instructions) were the leading contributors to Shuttle ground processing incidents and inefficiencies, the Shuttle Work Instruction Task Team (WITT) was chartered to develop a vision for a new work instruction system. This paper describes some of the original WITT recommendations and activities, as well as collaborative human factors engineering projects supporting the WITT efforts. Past achievements as well as ongoing and planned initiatives to provide continued support for the enhancement of spaceport procedures are described. .

  9. Evaluating the utility of 3D TRUS image information in guiding intra-procedure registration for motion compensation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Silva, Tharindu; Cool, Derek W.; Romagnoli, Cesare; Fenster, Aaron; Ward, Aaron D.

    2014-03-01

    In targeted 3D transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy, patient and prostate movement during the procedure can cause target misalignments that hinder accurate sampling of pre-planned suspicious tissue locations. Multiple solutions have been proposed for motion compensation via registration of intra-procedural TRUS images to a baseline 3D TRUS image acquired at the beginning of the biopsy procedure. While 2D TRUS images are widely used for intra-procedural guidance, some solutions utilize richer intra-procedural images such as bi- or multi-planar TRUS or 3D TRUS, acquired by specialized probes. In this work, we measured the impact of such richer intra-procedural imaging on motion compensation accuracy, to evaluate the tradeoff between cost and complexity of intra-procedural imaging versus improved motion compensation. We acquired baseline and intra-procedural 3D TRUS images from 29 patients at standard sextant-template biopsy locations. We used the planes extracted from the 3D intra-procedural scans to simulate 2D and 3D information available in different clinically relevant scenarios for registration. The registration accuracy was evaluated by calculating the target registration error (TRE) using manually identified homologous fiducial markers (micro-calcifications). Our results indicate that TRE improves gradually when the number of intra-procedural imaging planes used in registration is increased. Full 3D TRUS information helps the registration algorithm to robustly converge to more accurate solutions. These results can also inform the design of a fail-safe workflow during motion compensation in a system using a tracked 2D TRUS probe, by prescribing rotational acquisitions that can be performed quickly and easily by the physician immediately prior to needle targeting.

  10. Understanding the referral services safe harbor.

    PubMed

    Tomes, J

    1994-02-01

    In today's competitive healthcare environment, healthcare facilities and individual providers must form new relationships to safeguard their market positions and compete efficiently. But while such relationships are necessary and serve legitimate goals, those entering into such arrangements must be concerned that in so doing they do not run afoul of the Medicare and Medicaid fraud and abuse statute. This article examines the potential dangers of remuneration for referrals, and explains how one of the many so-called "safe harbor" provisions of the fraud and abuse statute applies to this practice. PMID:10145951

  11. The Journey from Safe Yield to Sustainability

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Alley, W.M.; Leake, S.A.

    2004-01-01

    Safe-yield concepts historically focused attention on the economic and legal aspects of ground water development. Sustainability concerns have brought environmental aspects more to the forefront and have resulted in a more integrated outlook. Water resources sustainability is not a purely scientific concept, but rather a perspective that can frame scientific analysis. The evolving concept of sustainability presents a challenge to hydrologists to translate complex, and sometimes vague, socioeconomic and political questions into technical questions that can be quantified systematically. Hydrologists can contribute to sustainable water resources management by presenting the longer-term implications of ground water development as an integral part of their analyses.

  12. Safe Cooperative Robot Patterns via Dynamics on Graphs

    E-print Network

    Ghrist, Robert W.

    Safe Cooperative Robot Patterns via Dynamics on Graphs Robert W. Ghrist Department of Mathematics cooperative robot patterns on graphs. We consider Automated Guided Vehicles AGV's operating upon a prede ned of vector elds for reactive scheduling of safe cooperative robot pat- terns on graphs. The word safe" means

  13. Register or Search the Safe and Well Listings

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Search the Safe and Well Listings Register or Search the Safe and Well Listings Register or Search the Safe and Well Listings Disasters often make ... about a loved one in the U.S., click Search Registrants and enter the persons name and pre- ...

  14. Safe and Sustainable Seafood Supply Focus Team Report 2011

    E-print Network

    Safe and Sustainable Seafood Supply Focus Team Report 2011 Goal 1: A sustainable supply of safe seafood to meet public demand. Ensuring a sustainable supply of safe seafood requires on small farmers, diversified fishermen/farmers and diversified traditional seafood docks. # 14203

  15. Caja Safe active content in sanitized JavaScript

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark S. Miller; Mike Samuel; Ben Laurie; Ihab Awad; Mike Stay

    Using Caja, web apps can safely allow scripts in third party content. The computer industry has only one signicant success enabling documents to carry active content safely: scripts in web pages. Normal users regu- larly browse untrusted sites with JavaScript turned on. Modulo browser bugs and phishing, they mostly remain safe. But even though web apps build on this success,

  16. Getting Home Safe and Sound: Occupational Safety and Health Administration at 38

    PubMed Central

    Silverstein, Michael

    2008-01-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHAct) declared that every worker is entitled to safe and healthful working conditions, and that employers are responsible for work being free from all recognized hazards. Thirty-eight years after these assurances, however, it is difficult to find anyone who believes the promise of the OSHAct has been met. The persistence of preventable, life-threatening hazards at work is a failure to keep a national promise. I review the history of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and propose measures to better ensure that those who go to work every day return home safe and sound. These measures fall into 6 areas: leverage and accountability, safety and health systems, employee rights, equal protection, framing, and infrastructure. PMID:18235060

  17. Safe high quality health care: investing in tomorrow's leaders.

    PubMed

    Donaldson, L J

    2001-12-01

    The agenda for health care in developed countries in the 21st century will be dominated by a vision of quality which seeks to address the deep seated problems of the past. The ability to deliver safe, effective, high quality care within organisations with the right cultures, the best systems, and the most highly skilled and motivated work forces will be the key to meeting this challenge. This is an issue which should be a priority for education and training bodies. The need for health services to give priority to developing health professionals equipped to practise in a new way and thrive in new organisational environments requires a rapid response to reshape curricula and training programmes. Developing leadership and management skills will be essential in achieving this transformation in the quality of care delivered to patients. PMID:11700373

  18. Safe and efficient operation of multistage cold compressor systems

    SciTech Connect

    Kauschke, M.; Haberstroh, C.; Quack, H. [Technische Universitaet Dresden (Germany)

    1996-12-31

    Large refrigeration rates in the temperature range of super fluid helium can only be obtained with the help of centrifugal cold compressors. For the large 2 K systems, four compression stages are necessary to reach atmospheric pressure. Centrifugal cold compressors are quite sensitive to mass flow and suction temperature variations; but these have to be expected in a real system. The first step in the systems design is to find safe and efficient quasi-stationary modes of operation. The system which is being proposed for the TESLA refrigerators relies on two features. The first is to allow the room temperature screw compressor, downstream of the cold compressors to work occasionally with a subatmospheric suction pressure. The second is to stabilize the suction temperature of the third stage of compression at about 10 K. With these features it is possible, that in all modes of operation all four compressor stages operate exactly at their design point.

  19. Safe high quality health care: investing in tomorrow's leaders

    PubMed Central

    Donaldson, L.

    2001-01-01

    The agenda for health care in developed countries in the 21st century will be dominated by a vision of quality which seeks to address the deep seated problems of the past. The ability to deliver safe, effective, high quality care within organisations with the right cultures, the best systems, and the most highly skilled and motivated work forces will be the key to meeting this challenge. This is an issue which should be a priority for education and training bodies. The need for health services to give priority to developing health professionals equipped to practise in a new way and thrive in new organisational environments requires a rapid response to reshape curricula and training programmes. Developing leadership and management skills will be essential in achieving this transformation in the quality of care delivered to patients. Key Words: leadership; management; patient safety PMID:11700373

  20. Results of 30 kWt Safe Affordable Fission Engine (SAFE-30) primary heat transport testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pedersen, Kevin; van Dyke, Melissa; Houts, Mike; Godfroy, Tom; Martin, James; Dickens, Ricky; Williams, Eric; Harper, Roger; Salvil, Pat; Reid, Bob

    2001-02-01

    The use of resistance heaters to simulate heat from fission allows extensive development of fission systems to be performed in non-nuclear test facilities, saving time and money. Resistance heated tests on the Safe Affordable Fission Engine-30 kilowatt (SAFE30) test article are being performed at the Marshall Space Flight Center. This paper discusses the results of these experiments to date, and describes the additional testing that will be performed. Recommendations related to the design of testable space fission power and propulsion systems are made. .

  1. Teaching young children to cross roads safely.

    PubMed

    Oxley, Jennifer; Congiu, Melinda; Whelan, Michelle; D'Elio, Angelo; Charlton, Judith

    2008-10-01

    Road safety education is considered essential to teach children to interact with traffic safely. Many programs, however, do not consider the separate component skills of the road-crossing task, the functional and behavioural factors that may put some children at increased risk, and the most beneficial methods to transfer knowledge to improved behaviour in real-world environments. A targeted and practical training program using a simulated road environment has been developed and evaluated amongst primary school children using a randomised controlled trial. Significant reductions in proportion of critically incorrect road-crossing responses were found immediately after training (56%) and one-month post-training (47%) by the case group compared with pre-training responses, and relative to any changes in responses of the control group. The beneficial effects were greater for younger children, females, children with less well developed perceptual, attentional and cognitive skills, and those with little traffic exposure. The effects of the training program on other outcome measures (proportion of missed opportunity responses, decision time and safety rating responses) were less clear but showed some beneficial effects. This paper discusses the use of the simulated training program, a novel and safe way, to improve road crossing decisions. It is suggested that improvements can be made to child pedestrian education by providing tailored and practical programs that target the component skills of road-crossing decisions and improve essential skills through intensive training and feedback on known risk factors. PMID:19026238

  2. Making Human Spaceflight as Safe as Possible

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregory, Frederick D.

    2005-01-01

    We articulated the safety hierarchy a little over two years ago, as part of our quest to be the nation s leader in safety and occupational health, and in the safety of the products and services we provide. The safety hierarchy stresses that we are all accountable for assuring that our programs, projects, and operations do not impact safety or health for the public, astronauts and pilots, employees on the ground, and high-value equipment and property. When people are thinking about doing things safely, they re also thinking about doing things right. And for the past couple of years, we ve had some pretty good results. In the time since the failures of the Mars 98 missions that occurred in late 1999, every NASA spacecraft launch has met the success objectives, and every Space Shuttle mission has safely and successfully met all mission objectives. Now I can t say that NASA s safety program is solely responsible for these achievements, but, as we like to say, "mission success starts with safety." In the future, looking forward, we will continue to make spaceflight even safer. That is NASA s vision. That is NASA s duty to both those who will travel into space and the American people who will make the journey possible.

  3. Unsafe and potentially safe herbal therapies.

    PubMed

    Klepser, T B; Klepser, M E

    1999-01-15

    Unsafe and potentially safe herbal therapies are discussed. The use of herbal therapies is on the rise in the United States, but most pharmacists are not adequately prepared educationally to meet patients' requests for information on herbal products. Pharmacists must also cope with an environment in which there is relatively little regulation of herbal therapies by FDA. Many herbs have been identified as unsafe, including borage, calamus, coltsfoot, comfrey, life root, sassafras, chaparral, germander, licorice, and ma huang. Potentially safe herbs include feverfew, garlic, ginkgo, Asian ginseng, saw palmetto, St. John's wort, and valerian. Clinical trials have been used to evaluate feverfew for migraine prevention and rheumatoid arthritis; garlic for hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and infections; ginkgo for circulatory disturbances and dementia; ginseng for fatigue and cancer prevention; and saw palmetto for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Also studied in formal trials have been St. John's wort for depression and valerian for insomnia. The clinical trial results are suggestive of efficacy of some herbal therapies for some conditions. German Commission E, a regulatory body that evaluates the safety and efficacy of herbs on the basis of clinical trials, cases, and other scientific literature, has established indications and dosage recommendations for many herbal therapies. Pharmacists have a responsibility to educate themselves about herbal therapies in order to help patients discern the facts from the fiction, avoid harm, and gain what benefits may be available. PMID:10030529

  4. [Dental procedures during anticoagulant administration].

    PubMed

    Mansur, A J; de Faria, E F; Neves, R S; Rett, S M; Grinberg, M; Bellotti, G; Pileggi, F

    1989-01-01

    Thirty-six patients on chronic anticoagulant therapy were submitted to dental surgery. The ages ranged between 20 and 68 (mean 43.5) years; twenty (55.6%) patients were female and 16 (44.4%) were female. Phenindione was administered to 33 (91.7%) patients, warfarin to one (2.7%) and hydroxycoumarin to two (5.6%). Mechanical heart valve prosthesis occurred in 23 (64%) patients, bioprosthesis in two (5.5%), mitral stenosis submitted to commissurotomy in two (5.5%) and other valvular heart disease occurred in nine patients (25%). Eighty-three elective procedures were performed. Anticoagulant drugs were stopped from two to seven days before, in order to prothrombin time reach 60%. Abnormal bleeding that was easily controlled with local measures occurred in two patients. Sixteen emergency procedures were performed without stopping anticoagulant treatment. Abnormal bleeding was observed in one patient and it subsided after local care. Thus, safe odontologic procedures may be carried on in patients during treatment with oral anticoagulants. PMID:2818238

  5. Legal and ethical issues in safe blood transfusion

    PubMed Central

    Chandrashekar, Shivaram; Kantharaj, Ambuja

    2014-01-01

    Legal issues play a vital role in providing a framework for the Indian blood transfusion service (BTS), while ethical issues pave the way for quality. Despite licensing of all blood banks, failure to revamp the Drugs and Cosmetic Act (D and C Act) is impeding quality. Newer techniques like chemiluminescence or nucleic acid testing (NAT) find no mention in the D and C Act. Specialised products like pooled platelet concentrates or modified whole blood, therapeutic procedures like erythropheresis, plasma exchange, stem cell collection and processing technologies like leukoreduction and irradiation are not a part of the D and C Act. A highly fragmented BTS comprising of over 2500 blood banks, coupled with a slow and tedious process of dual licensing (state and centre) is a hindrance to smooth functioning of blood banks. Small size of blood banks compromises blood safety. New blood banks are opened in India by hospitals to meet requirements of insurance providers or by medical colleges as this a Medical Council of India (MCI) requirement. Hospital based blood banks opt for replacement donation as they are barred by law from holding camps. Demand for fresh blood, lack of components, and lack of guidelines for safe transfusion leads to continued abuse of blood. Differential pricing of blood components is difficult to explain scientifically or ethically. Accreditation of blood banks along with establishment of regional testing centres could pave the way to blood safety. National Aids Control Organisation (NACO) and National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC) deserve a more proactive role in the licensing process. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) needs to clarify that procedures or tests meant for enhancement of blood safety are not illegal. PMID:25535417

  6. Legal and ethical issues in safe blood transfusion.

    PubMed

    Chandrashekar, Shivaram; Kantharaj, Ambuja

    2014-09-01

    Legal issues play a vital role in providing a framework for the Indian blood transfusion service (BTS), while ethical issues pave the way for quality. Despite licensing of all blood banks, failure to revamp the Drugs and Cosmetic Act (D and C Act) is impeding quality. Newer techniques like chemiluminescence or nucleic acid testing (NAT) find no mention in the D and C Act. Specialised products like pooled platelet concentrates or modified whole blood, therapeutic procedures like erythropheresis, plasma exchange, stem cell collection and processing technologies like leukoreduction and irradiation are not a part of the D and C Act. A highly fragmented BTS comprising of over 2500 blood banks, coupled with a slow and tedious process of dual licensing (state and centre) is a hindrance to smooth functioning of blood banks. Small size of blood banks compromises blood safety. New blood banks are opened in India by hospitals to meet requirements of insurance providers or by medical colleges as this a Medical Council of India (MCI) requirement. Hospital based blood banks opt for replacement donation as they are barred by law from holding camps. Demand for fresh blood, lack of components, and lack of guidelines for safe transfusion leads to continued abuse of blood. Differential pricing of blood components is difficult to explain scientifically or ethically. Accreditation of blood banks along with establishment of regional testing centres could pave the way to blood safety. National Aids Control Organisation (NACO) and National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC) deserve a more proactive role in the licensing process. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) needs to clarify that procedures or tests meant for enhancement of blood safety are not illegal. PMID:25535417

  7. Flame Tests Performed Safely: A Safe and Effective Alternative to the Traditional Flame Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dogancay, Deborah

    2005-01-01

    The trend toward inquiry-based learning is providing today's students with a more enriching education. When implementing inquiry it is important to recognize the great number of safety concerns that accompany this paradigm shift. Fortunately, with some consideration, teachers can shape students' laboratory experiments into safe and valuable

  8. Household's willingness to pay for arsenic safe drinking water in Bangladesh.

    PubMed

    Khan, Nasreen Islam; Brouwer, Roy; Yang, Hong

    2014-10-01

    This study examines willingness to pay (WTP) in Bangladesh for arsenic (As) safe drinking water across different As-risk zones, applying a double bound discrete choice value elicitation approach. The study aims to provide a robust estimate of the benefits of As safe drinking water supply, which is compared to the results from a similar study published almost 10 years ago using a single bound estimation procedure. Tests show that the double bound valuation design does not suffer from anchoring or incentive incompatibility effects. Health risk awareness levels are high and households are willing to pay on average about 5 percent of their disposable average annual household income for As safe drinking water. Important factors influencing WTP include the bid amount to construct communal deep tubewell for As safe water supply, the risk zone where respondents live, household income, water consumption, awareness of water source contamination, whether household members are affected by As contamination, and whether they already take mitigation measures. PMID:24905645

  9. Donation from old living donors: how safe is it?

    PubMed

    Hourmant, Maryvonne; Lerat, Lydie; Karam, Georges

    2013-08-01

    As the rate of living kidney donor (LKD) transplantations increases, the selection of extended criteria donors such as old donors (>60-65 years) becomes more common. The pool of these old donors is probably wider than we think, especially if we tolerate a lower glomerular filtration rate (GFR) than the gold standard of 80 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Several important studies with large cohorts of living donors including old subjects have been published these last few years and give insights on the outcome in this subpopulation. The risk of death and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is similar to that of matched controls from the general population. Post-donation GFR, as a result of glomerulopaenia, is lower in old than in younger donors but pre-donation as well as the rate of function loss is not different between young and old donors. Nearly 80% of donors over 60 have <60 mL/min GFR post-donation, the risk of cardiovascular mortality and progression to ESRD in the long term, as in the general population, is under question. Despite reduced renal function of the old kidney, the results of transplantation from an old living donor appeared to be equivalent to deceased transplantation from a younger donor. Finally, transplantation from an old living donor appeared to be a reasonably safe procedure for both the donor and the recipient and the age per se is certainly not a contraindication to donation. PMID:23543591

  10. 78 FR 46932 - Notice of Intent to Grant Exclusive Patent License; Safe Environment Engineering

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-02

    ...Patent License; Safe Environment Engineering AGENCY: Department of the Navy...to grant to Safe Environment Engineering a revocable, nonassignable...to practice Safe Environment Engineering's proprietary sensor...

  11. Safe motherhood initiative: what is next?

    PubMed

    Ohaja, Magdalena

    2014-06-01

    When in 1987, the Safe motherhood initiative was launched, the aim was to reduce global maternal mortality by half by the year 2000. However this goal was not achieved and consequently the 5th Millennium Development Goal (MDG-5) was dedicated to maternal health which aimed at a three quarters reduction of maternal mortality by 2015. The international figures indicate that 287,000 women continue to die from complications relating to pregnancy and childbirth, mostly in poorly-resourced countries. As 2015 draws closer and with MDG-5 lagging behind, there is increased tension amongst those concerned about poor maternal health because of missed targets and a fear that it has slipped off policy agenda. The need to refocus discussion in this area becomes ever more vital. This article aims to do just that. PMID:25004698

  12. Transitioning safely from intravenous to subcutaneous insulin.

    PubMed

    Kreider, Kathryn Evans; Lien, Lillian F

    2015-05-01

    The transition from intravenous (IV) to subcutaneous (SQ) insulin in the hospitalized patient with diabetes or hyperglycemia is a key step in patient care. This review article suggests a stepwise approach to the transition in order to promote safety and euglycemia. Important components of the transition include evaluating the patient and clinical situation for appropriateness, recognizing factors that influence a safe transition, calculation of proper SQ insulin doses, and deciding the appropriate type of SQ insulin. This article addresses other clinical situations including the management of patients previously on insulin pumps and recommendations for patients requiring glucocorticoids and enteral tube feedings. The use of institutional and computerized protocols is discussed. Further research is needed regarding the transition management of subgroups of patients such as those with type 1 diabetes and end-stage renal disease. PMID:25772640

  13. NOVA Online: Search for a Safe Cigarette

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    The NOVA documentary Search for a Safe Cigarette recounts the tobacco industry's decades-long attempt to engineer a safer cigarette. This companion Web site offers a number of interesting and informative features, as well as a lesson plan for grades 5-8 and 9-12. The interactive feature titled Anatomy of a Cigarette offers a fascinating tour of the conventional cigarette and two safer versions. The Web site also includes: a review of the safer cigarette's checkered pedigree; an animated introduction to physiological effect of nicotine on the brain; and a virtual laboratory where visitors can explore the basics of combustion. The lesson plan, which may be used independently of the NOVA program, has students examine government action on tobacco issues and consider the role of government in public health.

  14. Inherently safe in situ uranium recovery

    DOEpatents

    Krumhansl, James L; Brady, Patrick V

    2014-04-29

    An in situ recovery of uranium operation involves circulating reactive fluids through an underground uranium deposit. These fluids contain chemicals that dissolve the uranium ore. Uranium is recovered from the fluids after they are pumped back to the surface. Chemicals used to accomplish this include complexing agents that are organic, readily degradable, and/or have a predictable lifetime in an aquifer. Efficiency is increased through development of organic agents targeted to complexing tetravalent uranium rather than hexavalent uranium. The operation provides for in situ immobilization of some oxy-anion pollutants under oxidizing conditions as well as reducing conditions. The operation also artificially reestablishes reducing conditions on the aquifer after uranium recovery is completed. With the ability to have the impacted aquifer reliably remediated, the uranium recovery operation can be considered inherently safe.

  15. Achieving acoustical performance with fire safe products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fritz, Thomas

    2005-09-01

    Recent serious fires in North and South America have pointed out potential problems with attempts to improve acoustical performance in building spaces at the expense of using acoustical treatments that may have poor performance in fire situations. Foam plastic products, sometimes not designed for exposed use in buildings, can ignite quickly and spread fire rapidly throughout a building space, resulting in fire victims being trapped within the building or not being afforded the needed safe egress time. There are ways of achieving equivalent and even superior acoustical performance without sacrificing fire safety. Acoustical products are available which can add comparable or superior acoustical treatment without the fire hazard associated with exposed foam plastic materials. This presentation is a review of the U.S. code requirements of interior finish materials, the various types of fire tests that are applied to these products, and a discussion of the achievable fire and acoustical performance.

  16. A Safe Lab on Nerve Gases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, David C.

    1988-01-01

    Describes an experiment involving pineapples and gelatin that allows students to investigate the conditions that typically render an enzyme functionless, similar to the effect of nerve gasses. Discusses the materials, procedures, and results, drawing analogies to the effects of a nerve gas. (CW)

  17. Safe and Secure Services Based on NGN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fukazawa, Tomoo; Nisase, Takemi; Kawashima, Masahisa; Hariu, Takeo; Oshima, Yoshihito

    Next Generation Network (NGN), which has been undergoing standardization as it has developed, is expected to create new services that converge the fixed and mobile networks. This paper introduces the basic requirements for NGN in terms of security and explains the standardization activities, in particular, the requirements for the security function described in Y.2701 discussed in ITU-T SG-13. In addition to the basic NGN security function, requirements for NGN authentication are also described from three aspects: security, deployability, and service. As examples of authentication implementation, three profiles-namely, fixed, nomadic, and mobile-are defined in this paper. That is, the fixed profile is typically for fixed-line subscribers, the nomadic profile basically utilizes WiFi access points, and the mobile profile provides ideal NGN mobility for mobile subscribers. All three of these profiles satisfy the requirements from security aspects. The three profiles are compared from the viewpoint of requirements for deployability and service. After showing that none of the three profiles can fulfill all of the requirements, we propose that multiple profiles should be used by NGN providers. As service and application examples, two promising NGN applications are proposed. The first is a strong authentication mechanism that makes Web applications more safe and secure even against password theft. It is based on NGN ID federation function. The second provides an easy peer-to-peer broadband virtual private network service aimed at safe and secure communication for personal/SOHO (small office, home office) users, based on NGN SIP (session initiation protocol) session control.

  18. Technology introduction: the safe birth example.

    PubMed

    1988-01-01

    This issue describes how well planned technology introduction programs (the process by which a technology is field tested, refined, retested, and introduced into widespread use), are essential if people are to benefit from new birth-care technologies to confront the tragedy of maternal mortality and morbidity. PATH's safe birth programs have been conducted in project sites in Bangladesh, Malawi, the Yemen Arab Republic, and Zambia. Staff in each project collected qualitative and quantitative data, reviewing existing data from research studies or service statistics, interviewing local experts, conducting focus group discussions, and carrying out small surveys. 3 effective, inexpensive, and easy-to-use technologies were introduced (Birthweight, PATHstrips, Pictorial record-keeping and referral cards). They were also culturally and politically acceptable, environmentally harmless, and could be manufactured locally. Related policies were designed in each situation: what to do when low birth-weight is detected, where to send women of complicated delivery. Safe birth program has been emphasizing solid logistical support: hands-on training of the traditional birth attendants, consistent and effective supervision, maintenance and resupply issues were addressed before national introduction begins. Antenatal technologies described include maternal records keeping, diagnostic and treatment of anemia, maternal stature determination, maternal weight gain and pre-eclampsia detecting. Delivery care technologies are also covered: delivery kits, disinfection methods, and how to deal with obstructed labor. Post partum technologies covered are how to react in case of hemorrhage, detect low birthweight, prevent sexually transmitted diseases, maintain newborn warmth, and prevent dangerous subsequent births. The issue concludes with management technologies: referral systems, transportation, and organizing of supervision visits. PMID:12281653

  19. Sustaining safe practice: twenty years on.

    PubMed

    Kippax, Susan; Race, Kane

    2003-07-01

    This paper examines the ways in which populations at risk of HIV in the developed world have enculturated the knowledges and technologies of both the medical and the social sciences. By revisiting a number of review papers and by reviewing findings from a range of studies, we argue that gay men have appropriated information that has enabled them to sustain safe practices while they have eschewed information that has made maintenance difficult. The paper describes a range of risk reduction strategies and compares the responses of populations at risk of HIV in the years before the advent of highly active antiviral therapy (HAART) with their responses after the introduction of HAART in 1996. We concentrate our argument on the changing responses to HIV risk of gay men, although occasionally illustrate our argument with reference to the responses of injecting drug users. The responses of gay men to risk post-HAART--particularly those who reside in Australia--speak to the adoption of a range of considered strategies, not altogether safe, to reduce harm. We argue that such strategies need to be understood and addressed within a 'new' social public health, that is, a public health that takes what social analysis has to say seriously. The paper examines the differences between the traditional, the 'modern' epidemiological/clinical and the 'new' social or socio-cultural public healths and describes the tensions between the medical and the social science disciplines in their efforts to inform public health. Key concepts provided by social science such as agency (including individual and collective agency), alongside its methodological reflexivity are key to effective public health. The risk avoidance strategies adopted by gay men suggest a way forward by turning our attention to the ways in which medicine is taken in(to) their practice. PMID:12753812

  20. 21 CFR 601.26 - Reclassification procedures to determine that licensed biological products are safe, effective...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...prophylactic, or diagnostic agents considered and a statement...prophylactic, or diagnostic agent for the product that is...prophylactic, or diagnostic agent for any biological product...disclosure and be made so that intelligent and informed consent be...