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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Working safely in confined spaces  

SciTech Connect

Working in confined spaces is a delicate balance of the correct equipment, hazard knowledge, proper training, and common sense. Anything less has potentially deadly consequences. The dangerous atmospheric and physical hazards often encountered in confined spaces must be recognized and accounted for. In addition, procedures and practices must conform to Occupational Safety and health Administration (OSHA) confined space regulations. Last year, three men were asphyxiated while surveying beneath a manhole in Boulder, CO. An area newspaper called the deaths the result of a freak accident. Whatever the cause, entering a manhole without first monitoring the air and posting an outside attendant is both extremely dangerous and a violation of safe entry procedures. The National Institute for Health and Occupational Safety (NIOSH) estimates that millions of workers from a wide range of occupations and industries are exposed to confined space hazards every year. Although confined space deaths are not a new phenomenon, only recently has the problem received serious study. Government regulatory agencies are becoming more involved OSHA recently proposed ruling 1910.146, Permit Required Confined Spaces, to mandate safe entry practices and procedures. The ruling requires all employers to develop a specific action plan for confined space entry, including entry procedures, worker training, safety equipment, and emergency action. This first article defines a confined space and examines some common hazards, including toxic, combustible, and oxygen-deficient atmospheres and combustible dusts. A subsequent article will review the use of test instruments, personal protective equipment, worker training, and emergency response.

Bush, C.; Versweyveld, J. (Lab Safety Supply, Janesville, WI (United States))

1992-08-13

2

Guide for Preparing Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Guide is intended to define Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs), outline the operations requiring SOPs, provide instructions for preparing SOPs, and document the approval and review procedures. A sample format is included.

D. M. Butler

1989-01-01

3

Safe Operating Procedures for Alternative Fuel Buses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safe Operating Procedures for Alternative Fuel Buses includes information on the use of methanol, ethanol, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), and other alternative fuels for buses.

Geoffrey V. Hemsley

1993-01-01

4

Working safely in confined spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working in confined spaces is a delicate balance of the correct equipment, hazard knowledge, proper training, and common sense. Anything less has potentially deadly consequences. The dangerous atmospheric and physical hazards often encountered in confined spaces must be recognized and accounted for. In addition, procedures and practices must conform to Occupational Safety and health Administration (OSHA) confined space regulations. Last

C. Bush; J. Versweyveld

1992-01-01

5

Guide for preparing Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs)  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories' Safe Operating Procedures (SOP) are written for activities that involve the use of explosives, dangerous chemicals, radioactive materials, hazardous systems, and for certain types of operational facilities that present hazards. This guide states SOP requirements for Sandia Livermore in detail and gives a format for writing an SOP.

Devlin, T.K.; Patrician, D.E.; Lucas, H.; Ware, R.A.; Wright, D.A.; Izzo, J.

1981-10-01

6

Safe Haven Laws and School Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Safe haven" laws are designed to protect infants from being killed or otherwise harmed. This article examines the safe haven laws from the states that comprise the Midwest School Social Work Council and the variations between these laws regarding the age of the infant, where the infant can be left, who is allowed to leave the infant, whether…

Kopels, Sandra

2012-01-01

7

Safe Haven Laws and School Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Safe haven" laws are designed to protect infants from being killed or otherwise harmed. This article examines the safe haven laws from the states that comprise the Midwest School Social Work Council and the variations between these laws regarding the age of the infant, where the infant can be left, who is allowed to leave the infant, whether…

Kopels, Sandra

2012-01-01

8

Working with Self-Injurious Adolescents Using the Safe Kit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers a guide for using the Safe Kit when working with clients who self-injure. The Safe Kit can be used as a supplement to more traditional approaches to counseling and offers clients alternatives to self-injury when they need alternatives the most. The Safe Kit works under the assumption that individuals differ in the meaning they…

Moyer, Michael

2008-01-01

9

Radiological Work Planning and Procedure  

SciTech Connect

Each facility is tasked with maintaining personnel radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). A continued effort is required to meet this goal by developing and implementing improvements to technical work documents (TWDs) and work performance. A review of selected TWDs from most facilities shows there is a need to incorporate more radiological control requirements into the TWD. The Radioactive Work Permit (RWP) provides a mechanism to place some of the requirements but does not provide all the information needed by the worker as he/she is accomplishing the steps of the TWD. Requiring the engineers, planners and procedure writers to put the radiological control requirements in the work steps would be very easy if all personnel had a strong background in radiological work planning and radiological controls. Unfortunately, many of these personnel do not have the background necessary to include these requirements without assistance by the Radiological Control organization at each facility. In addition, there seems to be confusion as to what should be and what should not be included in the TWD.

KURTZ, J.E.

2000-01-01

10

Longwall Mining Principles for Safely Working Steep Coal Seams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the principles of safely working steep coal seams using longwall mining methods. The report presents the state of the art and identifies the problems that result from seam inclination. Details are given on foreign longwall faces ach...

R. F. J. Adam W. J. Douglas B. J. Reese

1981-01-01

11

Is intraoperative endoscopy safe in a child with Kasai procedure?  

PubMed

We report a case of venous air embolism which occurred during intraoperative endoscopy in a five-year-old boy who had undergone Kasai procedure in his infancy. The child had a cardiac arrest during the procedure from which he could not be resuscitated. The awareness about this complication would allow rapid diagnosis, which is vital to provide specific treatment and prevent fatal outcome. PMID:23225935

Pujari, Vinayak S; Thomas, Mathews K; Bevinaguddaiah, Yatish; Anandaswamy, Tejesh C

2012-10-01

12

A simple procedure for easy and safe deflasking.  

PubMed

When the dough-molding method is used for processing a trial denture, it is often difficult to remove the processed denture from the flasking stone. The palatal and lingual stone portions contribute to this difficulty. This article describes a procedure that uses metal aluminum plates to facilitate the removal of these stone portions. The plates are placed vertically at the midline and in the palatal and lingual stone mixtures during flasking. The plates, which are removed during deflasking, make deep grooves and allow the stone portions to be pried toward the midline without considerable force during deflasking. The procedure is easy, facilitates the deflasking procedure, reduces the danger of damaging the denture base and the artificial teeth, and saves time. PMID:9791801

Bissasu, M

1998-10-01

13

Excision of a submandibular gland: a safe day case procedure?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are considerable benefits, both for patients and hospitals, if operations are done as day case procedures. Excision of a submandibular gland is a relatively common operation and it is usual practice for surgeons to be cautious, admit the patient for an overnight stay, and leave a drain in place. To assess the amount of postoperative bleeding into the wound

S. Laverick; Jyothi Chandramohan; Philip McLoughlin

14

Procedural Pediatric Sedation by Nurses: Available, Competent, and Safe  

PubMed Central

Sedation and/or analgesia are standard of care for pediatric patients during painful intervention or medical imaging requiring immobility. Physician availability is frequently insufficient to allow for all procedural sedation. A nurse-led sedation program was created at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke (CHUS) to address this problem. Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of our program. Methods. A retrospective study of all the procedural sedations done over one year was performed. Complications were separated in four categories: (1) major complications (call for help; unexpected admission, aspiration, and code); (2) reportable sedation events (oxygen saturation <90%, bradycardia (more than 2?SD below normal for the age of the child), and hypotension (more than 2?SD below normal for the age of the child); (3) difficult sedation (agitation, inadequate sedation, and failure to perform the procedure), (4) minor complications. Results. 448 patients, 249 boys and 199 girls; received sedation for 555 procedures. Overall, 78% (432) of interventions were successfully accomplished: 0% of major complications, 8% of reportable sedation events; 5% of difficult sedation; 9% of minor complications. Conclusion. Our nurse-led sedation program compares favorably to other similar systems.

Lavoie, Laetiscia; Vezina, Catherine; Paul-Savoie, Emilie; Cyr, Claude; Lafrenaye, Sylvie

2012-01-01

15

Stress-Corrosion Cracking Characterization Procedures and Interpretations to Failure-Safe Use of Titanium Alloys.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ratio Analysis Diagram (RAD) interpretive procedures have been evolved recently to provide generalized engineering solutions for fracture toughness assessments of structural titanium alloys. Failure-safe design also requires consideration of possible subc...

R. W. Judy R. J. Goode

1969-01-01

16

Excision of a submandibular gland: a safe day case procedure?  

PubMed

There are considerable benefits, both for patients and hospitals, if operations are done as day case procedures. Excision of a submandibular gland is a relatively common operation and it is usual practice for surgeons to be cautious, admit the patient for an overnight stay, and leave a drain in place. To assess the amount of postoperative bleeding into the wound (and hence potential risk to the airway) we have studied prospectively the amount of drainage that occurs. Sixty consecutive patients admitted for overnight postoperative monitoring after excision of a submandibular gland had a suction drain placed as part of the procedure. Drainage was measured by departmental staff at regular intervals during the following 24h. Nearly all the patients drained 40ml or less (mean 18ml) and in all cases there was a clear decrease in the volumes drained over the first 6-8h postoperatively. Drainage then became negligible. The plateau in drainage was evident regardless of the initial volume drained. Surgeons should be confident that drainage will cease after 6-8h in most patients, and residual drainage is negligible. PMID:22245267

Laverick, S; Chandramohan, J; McLoughlin, P M

2012-01-15

17

What is a meant when a laparoscopic surgical procedure is described as “safe”?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The literature on laparoscopic surgery contains many studies concluding that a procedure is “safe.” This study aimed to review\\u000a systematically articles from the past 10 years that judged a laparoscopic technique for colon resection and anastomosis to\\u000a be “safe.”\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The authors searched the Medline database from January 1995 to August 2005 using the search terms “laparoscopic,” “colon,”\\u000a and “safe,” selecting

D. Weizman; J. Cyriac; D. R. Urbach

2007-01-01

18

Keeping safe: Teaching undergraduate social work students about interpersonal violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

While most social work graduates will not practice in organizations specializing in the threat or aftermath of violence, they will encounter clients affected by interpersonal violence and trauma in almost all fields of practice. Therefore, the social work curriculum should provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to work with these clients. In developing a suitable curriculum it is

Kylie Agllias

2011-01-01

19

Maintaining safe electrical work practices in a competitive environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efforts of one corporation to maintain electrical safety performance are described. Basic electrical hazards are reviewed and a flow chart method of categorizing hazardous electrical tasks is presented. A matrix is provided to select appropriate personal protective equipment and identify procedural requirements

R. L. Doughty; R. A. Epperly; R. A. Jones

1990-01-01

20

Authentication Procedures - The Procedures and Integration Working Group  

SciTech Connect

Authentication is how we establish trust in monitoring systems and measurements to verify compliance with, for example, the storage of nuclear weapons material. Authentication helps assure the monitoring party that accurate and reliable information is provided by any measurement system and that any irregularities are detected. The U.S. is developing its point of view on the procedures for authentication of monitoring systems now planned or contemplated for arms reduction and control applications. The authentication of a system utilizes a set of approaches, including: functional testing using trusted calibration sources, evaluation of documentation, evaluation of software, evaluation of hardware, random selection of hardware and software, tamper-indicating devices, and operational procedures. Authentication of measurement systems should occur throughout their lifecycles, starting with the elements of design, and moving to off-site authentication, on-siste authentication, and continuing with authentication following repair. The most important of these is the initial design of systems. Hardware and software design criteria and procurement decisions can make future authentication relatively straightforward or conversely very difficult. Facility decisions can likewise ease the procedures for authentication since reliable and effective monitoring systems and tampering indicating devices can help provide the assurance needed in the integrity of such items as measurement systems, spare equipment, and reference sources. This paper will summarize the results of the U.S. Authentication Task Force discussion on the role of procedures in authentication.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Bratcher, Leigh; Gosnell, Tom; Langner, Diana; MacArthur, D.; Mihalczo, John T.; Pura, Carolyn; Riedy, Alex; Rexroth, Paul; Scott, Mary; Springarn, Jay

2001-05-31

21

Nature and engineering Working Together for a Safe Repository  

SciTech Connect

If a repository were built at Yucca Mountain, it would rely on two distinct systems to prevent radioactive materials from escaping into the environment. These systems act as barriers to the movement of radionuclides. The first system involves natural barriers--the rocks, water, and climate at Yucca Mountain. The second system is comprised of an array of engineered, or man-made, barriers that give the repository defense in depth and add safety margins. These systems would work together to protect the public and the environment. The mountain's natural features present a formidable line of defense against possible movement by radionuclides. These barriers include Yucca Mountain's unique geology, the region's dry climate, and, in general, a range of enclosed water systems that should slow water that contains radioactive particles from reaching rivers or other groundwater systems. The mountain's natural barriers and planned man-made barriers should prevent most moisture from ever reaching the waste packages within a repository. Moreover, the natural barriers would slow the movement of radioactive particles that do dissolve in water. The engineering, or technological measures, that would be built into a repository at Yucca Mountain would help ensure that health and safety standards are maintained even if some components of the natural system do not perform as expected for the first 10,000 years of repository operation.

DOE

2000-09-12

22

29 CFR 1919.29 - Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification of Vessels: Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons § 1919.29 Limitations on safe working loads and proof loads. The proof loads...

2013-07-01

23

On the optimal safe allocation and scheduling of a work force in a toxic substance environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach using linear programming to model and to solve the problem of safe allocation and scheduling of a manufacturing work force in a toxic substance environment is presented. The firm's objective is to maximize utilization of the work force, without violating any OSHA (US Occupational Safety and Health Administration) standards. The basic assumption is that engineering controls are either

RAMIRO VILLEDA; BURTON V. DEAN

1990-01-01

24

Safety training and safe operating procedures written for PBFA (Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator) II and applicable to other pulsed power facilities  

SciTech Connect

To ensure that work in advancing pulsed power technology is performed with an acceptably low risk, pulsed power research facilities at Sandia National Laboratories must satisfy general safety guidelines established by the Department of Energy, policies and formats of the Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) Department, and detailed procedures formulated by the Pulsed Power Sciences Directorate. The approach to safety training and to writing safe operating procedures, and the procedures presented here are specific to the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator II (PBFA II) Facility but are applicable as guidelines to other research and development facilities which have similar hazards.

Donovan, G.L.; Goldstein, S.A.

1986-12-01

25

Development and Implementation of Delphi Corporation's Electrical Safe Work Practices (ESWP) Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

OSHA regulations CFR 1910.300 - .399 along with NFPA 70E standard for electrical safety in the workplace have set minimum standards for electrical safety in the industrial workplace. The documents have created minimum standards and guidelines for corporations to create and implement their own electrical safety programs. Delphi Corporation has developed the electrical safe work practices (ESWP) standard that is

A. Hernandez; M. Fridline

2006-01-01

26

Working, declarative and procedural memory in specific language impairment  

PubMed Central

According to the Procedural Deficit Hypothesis (PDH), abnormalities of brain structures underlying procedural memory largely explain the language deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI). These abnormalities are posited to result in core deficits of procedural memory, which in turn explain the grammar problems in the disorder. The abnormalities are also likely to lead to problems with other, non-procedural functions, such as working memory, that rely at least partly on the affected brain structures. In contrast, declarative memory is expected to remain largely intact, and should play an important compensatory role for grammar. These claims were tested by examining measures of working, declarative and procedural memory in 51 children with SLI and 51 matched typically-developing (TD) children (mean age 10). Working memory was assessed with the Working Memory Test Battery for Children, declarative memory with the Children’s Memory Scale, and procedural memory with a visuo-spatial Serial Reaction Time task. As compared to the TD children, the children with SLI were impaired at procedural memory, even when holding working memory constant. In contrast, they were spared at declarative memory for visual information, and at declarative memory in the verbal domain after controlling for working memory and language. Visuo-spatial short-term memory was intact, whereas verbal working memory was impaired, even when language deficits were held constant. Correlation analyses showed neither visuo-spatial nor verbal working memory was associated with either lexical or grammatical abilities in either the SLI or TD children. Declarative memory correlated with lexical abilities in both groups of children. Finally, grammatical abilities were associated with procedural memory in the TD children, but with declarative memory in the children with SLI. These findings replicate and extend previous studies of working, declarative and procedural memory in SLI. Overall, we suggest that the evidence largely supports the predictions of the PDH.

Lum, Jarrad A.G.; Conti-Ramsden, Gina; Page, Debra; Ullman, Michael T.

2012-01-01

27

SUNRAYCE 1993: Working safely with lead-acid batteries and photovoltaic power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring SUNRAYCE 93 to advance tile technology and use of photovoltaics and electric vehicles. Participants will use cars powered by photovoltaic modules and lead-acid storage batteries. This brochure, prepared for students and faculty participating in this race, outlines the health hazards presented by these electrical systems and gives guidance on strategies for their safe usage. At the outset, it should be noted that working with photovoltaic systems and batteries requires electric vehicle drivers and technicians to have 'hands-on' contact with the car on a daily basis. It is important that no one work near a photovoltaic energy system or battery, either in a vehicle or on the bench, unless they familiarize themselves with the components in use and know and observe safe work practices including the safety precautions described in the manuals provided by the various equipment vendors and this document.

Dephillips, M. P.; Moskowitz, P. D.; Fthenakis, V. M.

1992-11-01

28

Separating predictable and unpredictable work to manage interruptions and promote safe and effective work flow.  

PubMed

Predictable and unpredictable patient care tasks compete for caregiver time and attention, making it difficult for patient care staff to reliably and consistently meet patient needs. We have piloted a redesigned care model that separates the work of patient care technicians based on task predictability and creates role specificity. This care model shows promise in improving the ability of staff to reliably complete tasks in a more consistent and timely manner. PMID:22036831

Kowinsky, Amy M; Shovel, Judith; McLaughlin, Maribeth; Vertacnik, Lisa; Greenhouse, Pamela K; Martin, Susan Christie; Minnier, Tamra E

29

Safe Schools, Safe Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools must work together with agencies, groups, and individuals to eliminate the forces leading children to violence. Chapter 1, "School Safety: Working Together to Keep Schools Safe," stresses the importance of community collaboration in violence prevention. Effective prevention requires sharing information about students, consistent with…

Lewis, Julie E.; Pickett, Dean; Pulliam, Janet L.; Schwartz, Richard A.; St. Germaine, Anne-Marie; Underwood, Julie; Worona, Jay

30

45 CFR 261.64 - How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...verification procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? 261.64 Section...How Do We Ensure the Accuracy of Work Participation Information? § 261.64 How...procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? (a) We will...

2012-10-01

31

45 CFR 261.64 - How will we determine whether a State's work verification procedures ensure an accurate work...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...verification procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? 261.64 Section...How Do We Ensure the Accuracy of Work Participation Information? § 261.64 How...procedures ensure an accurate work participation measurement? (a) We will...

2011-10-01

32

Construction and maintenance procedure recommendations for proposed federal guidelines of safe havens for vehicles carrying Class A or Class B explosives  

SciTech Connect

This document focuses on the design, construction, and maintenance of commercial safe havens operated by truck stops. In the context of this document, the term `safe haven` describes a designated area for parking motor vehicles transporting Class A or Class B explosives. Its objective is to inculcate acceptable construction practices and maintenance procedures in the organization of commercial safe havens in order to insure public safety.

NONE

1985-02-10

33

International data transfers between the United States and the European Union: are the procedural provisions of the Safe Harbor solution adequate?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data transfers out of the European Union are only admissible if the third country ensures an adequate level of protection. With regard to the United States, organizations may adhere to so-called Safe Harbor principles whereby an adequate level of protection is admitted. This article reviews the relevant procedural provisions on granting the Safe Harbor status. It concludes that the current

Alexander Zinser

2004-01-01

34

Canine distemper vaccination is a safe and useful preventive procedure for southern sea otters (Enhydra lutra nereis).  

PubMed

From 2002 to 2006, eight captive southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) at research and display institutions in California at risk of exposure to potentially lethal morbiliviruses were vaccinated with a commercial recombinant poxvirus vectored canine distemper (CD) vaccine. Serum-neutralizing (SN) antibody responses were followed for several years. The goal of this study was to determine whether 1) CD vaccination was a safe preventive medicine procedure for this species; 2) sea otters produce detectable SN antibodies in response to vaccination with this product; and 3) if this type of vaccination might be useful in response to a morbilivirus disease outbreak in free-ranging sea otters. Results indicate that a commercial recombinant vaccine is safe, provokes a measurable SN antibody response, and that vaccination may provide some protection from infection for free-ranging sea otters. It also resulted in the reevaluation of CD serology data that were previously published for free-ranging sea otters. Canine distemper, Enhydra lutris nereis, morbilivirus, sea otter, serology, vaccination. PMID:20063817

Jessup, David A; Murray, Michael J; Casper, David R; Brownstein, Deborah; Kreuder-Johnson, Christine

2009-12-01

35

[Are disinfectant residues remained after cleaning hemodialysis machine procedure safe for patients?].  

PubMed

The dialysis machine shall be cleaned and disinfected after each patient treatment or after every 72 hours break in working. An acceptable disinfectants such as Puristeril plus or Puristeril 340, Citrosteril, Diasteril and Sporotal are used for decontamination. Puristeril 340 is designed for cold disinfection and due to the low pH value, the necessary decalcification of hemodialysis machines is easily achieved. It can be used for all haemodialysis systems like hemodialysis machines, water treatment devices and circuit pipes. Diluted Puristeril decomposes in a non-toxic way. Degradation products of peracetic acid, which is main component of Puristeril are: hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid. Peracetic acid is widely used for disinfection due to its exceptionally broad spectrum of microbiocidal activity at low concentrations and short exposure times. After use Puristeril is easily removable by rinsing with water. This paper deals with the effect of the Puristeril toxicity on blood as a function of its concentration and incubation time. Concentration range of 3.5-70 ppm was used, with particular emphasis on concentrations close to 5 ppm, a value is the limit of sensitivity of strips of starch potassium iodide, the tests for detection of peracetic acid. There was a strong increase in autohaemolysis and malondialdehyde concentrations with increasing concentration of Puristeril. There were also changes in dependence on the parameters of the incubation time, with the greatest effects obtained after 2 hours incubation with Puristeril. The detection limit of peracetic acid used strips of starch potassium iodide does not guarantee the safety of a patient undergoing hemodialysis. Even the residual concentration of Puristeril plus cause increased lipid peroxidation of membrane, and therefore suggest the routine use of stripes on the lower limit of detection of peracetic acid or implement measurement of hydrogen peroxide residues performed with sensitivity 1 ppm. PMID:24003659

Szewczyk, Ma?gorzata; Grzeszczuk, Karolina; Walski, Tomasz; Suder, Marek; Komorowska, Ma?gorzata

2013-01-01

36

Proactive ergonomic behaviors intervention: Effects on promoting safe practices and reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders among water utility workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study pursued the application of a comprehensive safety intervention supported by behavioral principles to improve safety knowledge, safe worksite practices and consequently decrease the risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) amongst water utility workers. A total of 30 mechanics from two water treatment plants participated in the study. A multiple-baseline, across two settings design was employed. Study phases included:

Wanda T. Rosado

2006-01-01

37

Safety on the Job. Some Guidelines for Working Safely. Instructor's Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide was developed to help teachers (especially in Oklahoma) promote safe practices on the job. As a supplement to existing programs in the requirements for job safety, this book can also promote same basic safety attitudes and help support basic safety concepts, with an emphasis on accident prevention. The guide contains eight…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

38

Safety on the Job. Some Guidelines for Working Safely. Instructor's Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher's guide was developed to help teachers (especially in Oklahoma) promote safe practices on the job. As a supplement to existing programs in the requirements for job safety, this book can also promote same basic safety attitudes and help support basic safety concepts, with an emphasis on accident prevention. The guide contains eight…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

39

21 CFR 330.14 - Additional criteria and procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to be generally recognized as safe and effective for OTC use in the United States, the...to be generally recognized as safe and effective for OTC use in the United States, the...condition is generally recognized as safe and effective and includes it in the appropriate...

2009-04-01

40

21 CFR 330.14 - Additional criteria and procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to be generally recognized as safe and effective for OTC use in the United States, the...to be generally recognized as safe and effective for OTC use in the United States, the...condition is generally recognized as safe and effective and includes it in the appropriate...

2010-04-01

41

Procedural fairness and work group responses to performance evaluation systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a variety of settings, procedures that permit predecision input by those affected by the decision in question have been found to have positive effects on fairness judgments, independent of the favorability of the decision. Two major models of the psychology of procedural justice make contrary predictions about whether repeated negative outcomes attenuate such input effects. If such attenuation occurs,

Paul W. Paese; E. Allan Lind; Ruth Kanfer

1988-01-01

42

Safe working zones using the minimally invasive lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach: a morphometric study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The minimally invasive lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach is a recent technique developed for lumbar interbody fusion\\u000a and discectomy. The proximity of the retroperitoneal vessels and ventral nerve roots to the surgical pathway increases the\\u000a risk of injury to these anatomical structures. A precise knowledge of the regional anatomy of the lumbar plexus is required\\u000a for safe passage through the psoas

Ibrahim Obeid; Olivier Gille; Anouar Bourghli; Stéphane Luc; Vincent Pointillart; Jean Christophe Cursolle; Jean-Marc Vital

43

48 CFR 808.405-2 - Ordering procedure for services requiring a statement of work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Schedules 808.405-2 Ordering procedure for services requiring a statement of work. When placing an order or establishing a BPA for supplies or services requiring a statement of work, the ordering activity, when developing the statement of work...

2012-10-01

44

48 CFR 808.405-2 - Ordering procedure for services requiring a statement of work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Schedules 808.405-2 Ordering procedure for services requiring a statement of work. When placing an order or establishing a BPA for supplies or services requiring a statement of work, the ordering activity, when developing the statement of work...

2011-10-01

45

21 CFR 330.10 - Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective and not...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE OVER-THE-COUNTER (OTC) HUMAN DRUGS WHICH ARE GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE...purposes of classifying over-the-counter (OTC) drugs as drugs generally recognized...

2013-04-01

46

Procedures and Version 2 Standards Handbook. What Works Clearinghouse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook describes the structure and processes that the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) uses for its reviews, presenting in one place all the standards the WWC currently uses to assess research. The handbook will be revised as new standards are developed and major new features are finalized. A distinguishing feature of the WWC is that it does…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2008

2008-01-01

47

How Safe Are You at Work? Occupational Health and Safety Issues for School Counsellors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools are becoming increasingly violent places. This workshop presentation examines ways to improve counselor facilities and to enhance work safety. Client populations for school counselors have changed significantly in recent times as school administrators refer more welfare related problems for help. Although violent attacks on counselors may…

Low, John A.

48

[Organization and procedure of forensic medical expert evaluation of professional working capacity loss].  

PubMed

Sixty-one forensic medical expert conclusions on the loss of professional working capacity are analyzed and typical errors are characterized. The procedure of forensic medical expert evaluation of the degree of loss of professional working capacity in accordance with the Civil Code and Civil Judicial Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the actual norm-setting documents is described. PMID:10769588

Kapustin, A V; Tomilin, V V; Ol'khovik, V P; Panfilenko, O A; Pushakov, S M; Rivenson, M S; Serebriakova, V G

49

21 CFR 330.10 - Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective and not...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...designated category of OTC drugs. A panel may consult...period established for the drug category in the notice...recognition that a category of OTC drugs is safe and effective and...harm which may result from abuse under conditions of...

2010-04-01

50

21 CFR 330.10 - Procedures for classifying OTC drugs as generally recognized as safe and effective and not...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...designated category of OTC drugs. A panel may consult...period established for the drug category in the notice...recognition that a category of OTC drugs is safe and effective and...harm which may result from abuse under conditions of...

2009-04-01

51

Stay Safe at Work  

MedlinePLUS

... Archive Find Services Near You National Health Observances Health Care Reform Adults Women and Pregnant Women Children Related Resources En español Home > Health Topics A to Z > Everyday Healthy Living > Safety > ...

52

62 FR 37205 - School-to-Work Opportunities Act: Leadership Development Application Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...School-to-Work Opportunities Act: Leadership Development Application Procedures AGENCIES...availability of funds and solicitation for Leadership Development Grant Applications (SGA...Page at http:// www.doleta.gov. Leadership Development Solicitation I....

1997-07-11

53

23 CFR 630.1106 - Policy and procedures for work zone safety management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures for work zone safety management. (a) Each agency's...systematic consideration and management of work zone impacts, to...include the consideration and management of road user and worker...travel lanes. Each of these strategies should be used to the...

2013-04-01

54

Distributive Justice, Procedural Justice, and Psychological Distress: The Moderating Effect of Coworker Support and Work Autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has demonstrated that the perception of injustice at work may increase psychological health-related problems. The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating effect of coworker support and work autonomy on the relationships between both distributive and procedural justice and psychological distress. Results, on the basis of responses to questionnaires given to 248 prison employees, show that

Vincent Rousseau; Salwa Salek; Caroline Aubé; Estelle M. Morin

2009-01-01

55

Distributive justice, procedural justice, and psychological distress: the moderating effect of coworker support and work autonomy.  

PubMed

Recent research has demonstrated that the perception of injustice at work may increase psychological health-related problems. The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating effect of coworker support and work autonomy on the relationships between both distributive and procedural justice and psychological distress. Results, on the basis of responses to questionnaires given to 248 prison employees, show that coworker support moderates the relationships between both forms of justice and psychological distress. Specifically, these relationships are weakened when employees benefit from a high level of coworker support. Furthermore, work autonomy moderates the relationship between procedural justice and psychological distress but not the relationship between distributive justice and psychological distress. Thus, procedural injustice is less likely to increase psychological distress when the level of work autonomy is high. PMID:19586224

Rousseau, Vincent; Salek, Salwa; Aubé, Caroline; Morin, Estelle M

2009-07-01

56

The "Jacobsen flap" technique: a safe, simple surgical procedure to treat Dupuytren disease of the little finger in advanced stage.  

PubMed

The surgery for advanced stages of Dupuytren disease of the little finger is controversial. In the literature, several techniques have been described with variable reported results and postoperative complications. Percutaneous needle fasciotomy, McCash technique, and dermofasciectomy are often performed for surgical treatment but they present significant complications and limits. This study reviews our experience of using the Jacobsen flap technique, a modification of the McCash procedure. We found that the Jacobsen flap technique for the significant correction of the contracture, the low rate of complications, and the relatively simple surgical approach is an excellent alternative to percutaneous needle fasciotomy, dermofasciectomy, or amputation. PMID:20818219

Tripoli, Massimiliano; Cordova, Adriana; Moschella, Francesco

2010-09-01

57

Construction and Maintenance Procedure Recommendations for Proposed Federal Guidelines of Safe Havens for Vehicles Carrying Class A or Class B Explosives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document focuses on the design, construction, and maintenance of commercial safe havens operated by truck stops. In the context of this document, the term 'safe haven' describes a designated area for parking motor vehicles transporting Class A or Cla...

1984-01-01

58

Construction and Maintenance Procedure Recommendations for Proposed Federal Guidelines of Safe Havens for Vehicles Carrying Class A or Class B Explosives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document focuses on the design, construction, and maintenance of commercial safe havens operated by truck stops. In the context of this document, the term 'safe haven' describes a designated area for parking motor vehicles transporting Class A or Cla...

1985-01-01

59

Plastic matters: an analytical procedure to evaluate the degradability of contemporary works of art  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most significant results concerning a chemical study to evaluate the degradability of polymeric components in four contemporary\\u000a works of art, partially or completely realized in plastics, are presented and discussed in this paper. The procedure applied\\u000a is mainly based on the use of Fourier transform IR and UV–vis spectroscopies and pyrolysis–gas chromatography\\/mass spectrometry,\\u000a and consists of the following steps:

Massimo Lazzari; Ana Ledo-Suárez; Thaïs López; Dominique Scalarone; M. Arturo López-Quintela

2011-01-01

60

Industrial Medicine and Acute Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. 5. Interventional Procedures for Work-Related Lumbar Spine Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Irwin RW, Zuhosky JP, Sullivan WJ, Foye PM, Sable AW, Panagos A. Industrial medicine and acute musculoskeletal rehabilitation. 5. Interventional procedures for work-related lumbar spine conditions.This chapter emphasizes the importance of establishing a differential diagnosis for low back pain (LBP) with and without referred lower-limb pain and outlines potential interventional treatments appropriate for each diagnosis. It is part of the

Robert W. Irwin; Joseph P. Zuhosky; William J. Sullivan; Patrick M. Foye; Aaron W. Sable; Andre Panagos

2007-01-01

61

Taking a stand or playing it safe?: resisting the moral conservatism of risk in social work practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

An emergent critical social work risk literature positions risk as a morally conservative construct that has repressive effects in direct social work practice. In this literature it is argued that how risk is defined and operationalised in social work reflects the political dominance of neo-liberalism as an ethos of government within the context of the social and cultural conditions of

Sonya Stanford

2008-01-01

62

Safe Harbor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Safe Harbor was created as a response to the European Commission's Directive on Data Privacy which was launched in October 1998 and prohibits the transfer of personal data to countries outside of the European Union that do not meet the EU's standards for privacy protection. Because the United States has significantly lower standards for privacy protection, the Directive on Data Privacy would have prohibited many transactions between the US and EU nations. Safe Harbor is a framework of US organizations that have agreed to comply with the Directive. The Safe Harbor Website contains a basic overview of the initiative which explains its history and mission. Safe Harbor documents include privacy principles, an in-depth collection of FAQs, information on how Safe Harbor is enforced, and other documents from both the US and the EU.

63

A system to test the ground surface conditions of construction sites--for safe and efficient work without physical strain.  

PubMed

Ground surface conditions on construction sites have an important influence on the health and safety of workers and their productivity. The development of an expert-based "working conditions evaluation" system is described, intended to assist site managers in recognising unsatisfactory ground conditions and remedying these. The system was evaluated in the period 2002-2003. The evaluation shows that companies recognize poor soil/ground conditions as problematic, but are not aware of the specific physical workload hazards. The developed methods allow assessment of the ground surface quality and selection of appropriate measures for improvement. However, barriers exist at present to wide implementation of the system across the industry. Most significant of these is that responsibility for a site's condition is not clearly located within contracting arrangements, nor is it a topic of serious negotiation. PMID:15892938

Koningsveld, Ernst; van der Grinten, Maarten; van der Molen, Henk; Krause, Frank

2005-02-24

64

Current status of bioassay procedures to detect and quantify previous exposures to radioactive materials. Bioassay Procedures Working Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report was prepared by a working group established by the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) for the purpose of assessing the current capabilities of bioassay methods that can be used to determine the occurrence and magnitude of a previous internal deposition of one or more radionuclides. The first five sections discuss general features of the use of in-vitro bioassay

B. Boecker; R. Hall; J. Lawrence; P. Ziemer; G. Eisele; B. Wachholz; W. Jr. Burr

1991-01-01

65

Safe sex  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many diseases that humans can contract through sexual contact with each other. Humans can lower their risk of contracting these diseases by practicing safe sex techniques if they choose to participate in those kinds of actions.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University;Biological Sciences)

2008-07-09

66

Safe sex  

MedlinePLUS

Safe sex means taking steps before and during sex that can prevent you from getting an infection, or from ... the skin around the genital area. Before having sex: Get to know your partner and discuss your ...

67

A systematic procedure for calculating the average illuminance on a work skylights located in a pitched roof  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A systematic design procedure has been developed to calculate the average horizontal illuminance upon a work plane due to skylights in a pitched roof. The calculation procedure allows for pitched roofs with slopes up to 30 degrees from horizontal, and for both clear and overcast sky conditions. The procedure is divided into two basic steps: (1) the calculation of total external daylight illuminance upon the sloped skylight surface, and (2) the calculation of average horizontal illuminances upon an interior workplane due to the sloped skylights. Worksheets are used to systemically step through the procedures. All necessary tables and equations are included.

Murdoch, J. B.

1982-05-01

68

Analysis of anatomic morphometry of the pedicles and the safe zone for through-pedicle procedures in the thoracic and lumbar spine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Posterior instrumentation through the pedicle is a common surgery. Understanding the morphometry of the pedicle and the anatomy\\u000a of adjacent neural structures should help decrease the risk of postoperative complications. T1–L5 segments from 15 sets of\\u000a human vertebrae were separated into individual vertebrae and the morphometric characteristics of the thoracic and lumbar spine\\u000a and the safe zone of the pedicle

Shiu-Bii Lien; Nien-Hsien Liou; Shing-Sheng Wu

2007-01-01

69

Safe Haven.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses school libraries as safe havens for teenagers and considers elements that foster that atmosphere, including the physical environment, lack of judgments, familiarity, leisure, and a welcoming nature. Focuses on the importance of relationships, and taking the time to listen to teens and encourage them. (LRW)

Bush, Gail

2003-01-01

70

Work practices relating to intubation and associated procedures in intensive care units in Sweden.  

PubMed

A survey into the current usage of tracheal tubes and associated procedures, such as various sedation regimes and antacid therapy, in intensive care units was carried out in Sweden by sending a questionnaire to physicians in charge of intensive care units in 70 acute hospitals which included seven main teaching hospitals. The purpose of the survey was to see how far the recent advances in tube and cuff design and awareness of the problems caused by prolonged therapeutic paralysis in intensive care units have influenced the attitudes and work practices of physicians in Sweden. Forty-nine replies were received (a 70% response rate). All hospitals used polyvinyl chloride tubes of Magill design, with high residual volume, low pressure cuffs. Intensive care units in 85.7% of teaching hospitals and 47.6% of non-teaching hospitals preferred the nasal route for intubation. Most non-teaching hospitals used a size 7 tube in both adult male and female patients for nasal intubation. The majority of units changed from tracheal tubes to tracheostomy after a period of 1-2 weeks. 85% of all hospitals monitored intracuff pressure as a routine, and in most intensive care units the cuff was inflated to no-leak ventilation. The majority of units rarely used muscle relaxants. Phenoperidine and diazepam were the most popular drugs used for the sedation technique. 71.4% of teaching hospitals and 40.9% of non-teaching hospitals used antacids routinely in patients on intermittent positive pressure respiration. The results are discussed. PMID:3811807

Mehta, S; Mickiewicz, M

1986-11-01

71

TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT TO SAFELY AND EFFECTIVELY COMPLETE NUCLEAR CONSTRUCTION WORK  

SciTech Connect

Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business construction subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC contract, Construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper describes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method. This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year (FY) 2009, where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are subcontracted directly by WRPS to small or disadvantaged contractors that are mentored and supported by DRS personnel. Each small contractor is mentored and supported utilizing the principles of the Construction Industry Institute (CII) Partnering process. Some of the key mentoring and partnering areas that are explored in this paper are, internal and external safety professional support, subcontractor safety teams and the interface with project and site safety teams, quality assurance program support to facilitate compliance with NQA-1, construction, team roles and responsibilities, work definition for successful fixed price contracts, scheduling and interface with project schedules and cost projection/accruals. The practical application of the CII Partnering principles, with the Construction Management expertise of URS, has led to a highly successful construction model that also meets small business contracting goals.

LESO KF; HAMILTON HM; FARNER M; HEATH T

2010-01-14

72

Working Memory, Task Switching, and Executive Control in the Task Span Procedure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four experiments explored the task span procedure: Subjects received lists of 1-10 task names to remember and then lists of 1-10 stimuli on which to perform the tasks. Task span is the number of tasks performed in order perfectly. Experiment 1 compared the task span with the traditional memory span in 6 practiced subjects and found little…

Logan, Gordon D.

2004-01-01

73

Prenatal Diagnosis: Current Procedures and Implications for Early Interventionists Working with Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an overview of procedures commonly used in prenatal screening and diagnosis including ultrasound, amniocentesis, chorionic villus biopsy, maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein, and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) analysis. Emphasis is on the role of the early interventionist in supporting families during prenatal diagnosis.…

Blasco, Patricia M.; And Others

1994-01-01

74

Professional Skills and Competence for Safe and Effective Procedural Sedation in Children: Recommendations Based on a Systematic Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To investigate which skills and competence are imperative to assure optimal effectiveness and safety of procedural sedation (PS) in children and to analyze the underlying levels of evidence. Study Design and methods. Systematic review of literature published between 1993 and March 2009. Selected papers were classified according to their methodological quality and summarized in evidence-based conclusions. Next, conclusions were used to formulate recommendations. Results. Although the safety profiles vary among PS drugs, the possibility of potentially serious adverse events and the predictability of depth and duration of sedation define the imperative skills and competence necessary for a timely recognition and appropriate management. The level of effectiveness is mainly determined by the ability to apply titratable PS, including deep sedation using short-acting anesthetics for invasive procedures and nitrous oxide for minor painful procedures, and the implementation of non-pharmacological techniques. Conclusions. PS related safety and effectiveness are determined by the circumstances and professional skills rather than by specific pharmacologic characteristics. Evidence based recommendations regarding necessary skills and competence should be used to set up training programs and to define which professionals can and cannot be credentialed for PS in children.

Leroy, Piet L. J. M.; Schipper, Daphne M.; Knape, Hans (J. ) T. A.

2010-01-01

75

When Is Safe, Safe Enough?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses events affecting parental school-safety concerns and what school districts can do to alleviate those concerns. Addresses post-September 11 crisis-management procedures, preventing sports-related student deaths, maintaining healthy indoor air quality. (PKP)|

Neil, Kirk

2002-01-01

76

When Is Safe, Safe Enough?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses events affecting parental school-safety concerns and what school districts can do to alleviate those concerns. Addresses post-September 11 crisis-management procedures, preventing sports-related student deaths, maintaining healthy indoor air quality. (PKP)

Neil, Kirk

2002-01-01

77

Electrical hot working safety program  

Microsoft Academic Search

An internal review of the safety practices for a large Canadian chemical plant indicated that the established procedures for electrical hot work needed to be expanded and formalized. Here, the authors describe how the practices were expanded into a comprehensive electrical hot work program that included a philosophy, controls, qualifications, and safe work methods. The program resulted in changes that

J. M. Gallagher; B. McClung

1996-01-01

78

Safe sex?  

PubMed

The author has a Master of Arts degree in religion from the International School of Theology and he has lectured to thousands of students and professors at universities on six continents. He argues that condom use does not guarantee 100% protection against the transmission of HIV and that the only truly safe sex occurs in a faithful mutually monogamous relationship between two HIV-seronegative individuals. It is the author's belief that young people should wait until marriage before having sexual intercourse. It is known that condoms can slip, break, and leak during in vivo use. Condoms have a 15% failure rate in protecting against unplanned pregnancy. A sperm cell, however, is much larger than the human immunodeficiency virus. This failure rate therefore indicates that if sperm cells can penetrate/bypass the condom when having sex, the far smaller HIV can most certainly do the same thing. HIV can easily pass through many of the tiny pores in latex condoms. The author further argues that while premarital sex is physically risky, one can also be hurt emotionally and relationally. Sex can breed insecurity and generate performance fears which impede sexual response. Waiting until marriage helps both partners to have the confidence, security, trust, and self-respect which a solid, intimate relationship needs. In closing, the author acknowledges the physical and emotional difficulty of delaying the initiation of sexual intercourse. PMID:7600801

Wright, R

1995-05-01

79

Municipal Wastewater Treatment Works Construction Grants Program: References, Regulations, Guidance, Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, P.L. 92-500, authorizes a 75% Federal share of the cost of construction of municipal wastewater treatment works projects. This Manual of References has been prepared as part of a general U.S. Env...

1975-01-01

80

SOME PROBLEMS OF "SAFE DOSE" ESTIMATION  

EPA Science Inventory

In environmental carcinogenic risk assessment, the usually defined "safe doses" appear subjective in some sense. n this paper a method of standardizing "safe doses" based on some objective parameters is introduced and a procedure of estimating safe doses under the competing risks...

81

Guidelines for safe work practices in human and animal medical diagnostic laboratories. Recommendations of a CDC-convened, Biosafety Blue Ribbon Panel.  

PubMed

Prevention of injuries and occupational infections in U.S. laboratories has been a concern for many years. CDC and the National Institutes of Health addressed the topic in their publication Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, now in its 5th edition (BMBL-5). BMBL-5, however, was not designed to address the day-to-day operations of diagnostic laboratories in human and animal medicine. In 2008, CDC convened a Blue Ribbon Panel of laboratory representatives from a variety of agencies, laboratory organizations, and facilities to review laboratory biosafety in diagnostic laboratories. The members of this panel recommended that biosafety guidelines be developed to address the unique operational needs of the diagnostic laboratory community and that they be science based and made available broadly. These guidelines promote a culture of safety and include recommendations that supplement BMBL-5 by addressing the unique needs of the diagnostic laboratory. They are not requirements but recommendations that represent current science and sound judgment that can foster a safe working environment for all laboratorians. Throughout these guidelines, quality laboratory science is reinforced by a common-sense approach to biosafety in day-to-day activities. Because many of the same diagnostic techniques are used in human and animal diagnostic laboratories, the text is presented with this in mind. All functions of the human and animal diagnostic laboratory--microbiology, chemistry, hematology, and pathology with autopsy and necropsy guidance--are addressed. A specific section for veterinary diagnostic laboratories addresses the veterinary issues not shared by other human laboratory departments. Recommendations for all laboratories include use of Class IIA2 biological safety cabinets that are inspected annually; frequent hand washing; use of appropriate disinfectants, including 1:10 dilutions of household bleach; dependence on risk assessments for many activities; development of written safety protocols that address the risks of chemicals in the laboratory; the need for negative airflow into the laboratory; areas of the laboratory in which use of gloves is optional or is recommended; and the national need for a central site for surveillance and nonpunitive reporting of laboratory incidents/exposures, injuries, and infections. PMID:22217667

Miller, J Michael; Astles, Rex; Baszler, Timothy; Chapin, Kimberle; Carey, Roberta; Garcia, Lynne; Gray, Larry; Larone, Davise; Pentella, Michael; Pollock, Anne; Shapiro, Daniel S; Weirich, Elizabeth; Wiedbrauk, Danny

2012-01-01

82

Safe Passage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many schools are almost entirely reliant on alarms and sprinklers for their fire protection. As these devices need to be triggered and supplied with power or water to work properly, they are vulnerable to errors. To provide adequate safety, a good fire-protection program must have three primary elements: fire protection and suppression, and…

Razwick, Jeff

2007-01-01

83

Effect of clozapine on interval timing and working memory for time in the peak-interval procedure with gaps  

PubMed Central

Previous research indicates that dopamine controls both the speed of an internal clock (Maricq and Church, 1983) and sharing of resources between the timer and other cognitive processes (Buhusi, 2003). For example, dopamine agonist methamphetamine increases the speed of an internal clock and resets timing after a gap, while dopamine antagonist haloperidol decreases the speed of an internal clock and stops timing during a gap (Buhusi and Meck, 2002a). Using a 20-s peak-interval procedure with gaps we examined the acute effects of clozapine (2.0 mg/kg i.p.), which exerts differential effects on dopamine and serotonin in the cortex and striatum, two brain areas involved in interval timing and working memory. Relative to saline, clozapine injections shifted the response functions leftward both in trials with and without gaps, suggesting that clozapine increased the speed of an internal clock and facilitated the maintenance of the pre-gap interval in working memory. These results suggest that clozapine exerts effects in different brain areas in a manner that allows for the pharmacological separation of clock speed and working memory as a function of peak trials without and with gaps.

Buhusi, Catalin V.; Meck, Warren H.

2007-01-01

84

Is Unprotected Carotid Stenting Safe?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose:  So far, there is no proof that protection systems reduce the risk of cerebral embolism in patients undergoing stent-assisted angioplasty of the carotid artery. However, there is increased pressure on interventionalists to use protection devices, arguing that the use of protection devices is mandatory for a safe performance of the procedure. In order to answer this question, we

Stephan Gemeinhardt; Alexander Stock; Christoph Manke; Erich Hofmann

2006-01-01

85

Arbeid door jongeren in de agrarische sector : mogelijkheden voor veilig en gezond werken = Employment of younger people in the agricultural sector : possibilities for safe and healthy work  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ongoing discussion in the Netherlands between employers and the Labour Inspectorate about the interpretation of legal rules of employing youth in agricultural work situations is addressed. A working group, consisting of representatives of agricultural employers, employees, government, Labour Inspectorate, advisory boards and knowledge workers, has analysed two inspection reports (2003, 2004), interviewed 13 inspectors, and consulted 35 employers of

H. H. E. Oude Vrielink; P. Ruigewaard; P. Tamsma

2006-01-01

86

Effect of clozapine on interval timing and working memory for time in the peak-interval procedure with gaps.  

PubMed

Previous research indicates that dopamine controls both the speed of an internal clock [Maricq, A.V., Church, R.M., 1983. The differential effects of haloperidol and methamphetamine on time estimation in the rat. Psychopharmacology 79, 10-15] and sharing of resources between the timer and other cognitive processes [Buhusi, C.V., 2003. Dopaminergic mechanisms of interval timing and attention. In: Meck, W.H. (Ed.), Functional and Neural Mechanisms of Interval Timing. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 317-338]. For example, dopamine agonist methamphetamine increases the speed of an internal clock and resets timing after a gap, while dopamine antagonist haloperidol decreases the speed of an internal clock and stops timing during a gap [Buhusi, C.V., Meck, W.H., 2002. Differential effects of methamphetamine and haloperidol on the control of an internal clock. Behav. Neurosci. 116, 291-297]. Using a 20-s peak-interval procedure with gaps we examined the acute effects of clozapine (2.0mg/kg i.p.), which exerts differential effects on dopamine and serotonin in the cortex and striatum, two brain areas involved in interval timing and working memory. Relative to saline, clozapine injections shifted the response functions leftward both in trials with and without gaps, suggesting that clozapine increased the speed of an internal clock and facilitated the maintenance of the pre-gap interval in working memory. These results suggest that clozapine exerts effects in different brain areas in a manner that allows for the pharmacological separation of clock speed and working memory as a function of peak trials without and with gaps. PMID:17141425

Buhusi, Catalin V; Meck, Warren H

2006-10-14

87

Safe Use of Medicines  

MedlinePLUS

... Home » Health and Aging » Publications Safe Use of Medicines Introduction Neighbors Gail and Alice talk about medicine ... Learn more about medicine safety Safe Use of Medicines Take Your Medicine the Right Way—Each Day! ...

88

Fairnes issues and job satisfaction among korean employees: The significance of status value and procedural justice in work orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how justice or fairness issues such as procedural justice, distributive justice, and status equity affect job satisfaction among Korean employees. Incorporating cultural values and social norms salient in Korea, the study hypothesizes that perceptions of procedural justice enhance more job satisfaction than perceptions of distributive justice among Korean employees. Another hypothesis, based on Korean employees' aspiration for

Jeongkoo Yoon

1996-01-01

89

Work  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Authored and curated by David P. Stern, these web pages introduce the concept of work and its relation to energy. An example of electric work and energy using the example of a Van de Graaff Generator. These pages are part of "From Stargazers to Starships", an extensive web site that introduces topics in physics and astronomy using space exploration and space science. Translations are available in French and Spanish.

Stern, David P. (David Peter), 1931-

2009-04-29

90

Book and Materials Selection for School Libraries and Classrooms: Procedures, Challenges and Responses. Working Report on Nationwide Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nationwide surveys were administered to public administrators and librarians at the building and district levels in public elementary and secondary schools, and mail and phone surveys of textbook officers in the 22 states with statewide adoption procedure...

M. M. Kamhi

1980-01-01

91

Dutch Monitoring-Research Programme on Eutrophication; Stepwise Procedure. Meeting of the Working Group (4th) on Nutrients. Held in Oslo (Norway) on September 26-29. 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the Third Meeting of the Working Group on Nutrients it was decided to follow a stepwise procedure in the monitoring-research on adverse eutrophication effects in the Convention area (steps 1 - 4), in order to assess on a regular basis the results (step...

1989-01-01

92

Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new special section in the New York Times, Working, features articles on the American worker. For example, the current issue contains stories on the contrast between the recent trend in layoffs and employers's complaints that they are unable to fill job openings; what is "retaining and motivating...the American worker"; and the shortage of qualified legal talent. The site also offers a great deal of career and job advice such as an article on non-traditional jobs, job forecasts, and office design. Interviews include an audio piece with Robert B. Reich, the former US Secretary of Labor. And of course, what would a newspaper section on work be without a link to the Dilbert comic strip?

93

Disinfected so it is safe and works.  

PubMed

There has been an upsurge in interest in monitoring the cleanliness of the health care environment as it relates to disease transmission. Cleaning and disinfecting practices are nothing new in health care facilities. However, continued development of analytical medical products such as point-of-care devices or, as in this review, glucose meters, has created potential risks to patients on a number of levels. Examples are (1) inappropriate disinfection of glucose meters so that the risk of disease transmission is increased and (2) cleaning agents potentially affecting glucose reading accuracy. Cleaning and disinfection recommendations have become available to address these issues. In this issue of Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, Sarmaga and colleagues discuss the impact of a disinfecting agent on results generated from a particular device, which suggests that not all equipment are created equal and not all practices/products used to clean and disinfect are the same. It appears that more interaction must take place between vendors of these technologies as well as vendors of cleaning/disinfecting agents and the end users who will be performing all the requisite tasks to ensure a high quality product as well as care. PMID:22226264

Krisiunas, Ed

2011-11-01

94

Beyond the Overall Balance: The Significance of Particular Tasks and Procedures for Perceptions of Fairness in Distributions of Household Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines an approach to perceptions of fairness that extends beyond the usual emphasis on the overall balance of what each person does. The emphasis falls instead on perceptions of fairness associated with particular tasks and particular procedures (ways of achieving a task division or a redistribution of tasks). The approach is illustrated by the summarized results of a

Jacqueline J. Goodnow

1998-01-01

95

Standardization of procedures and structures for risk evaluation in Germany--the work of the Risk Commission.  

PubMed

Risk evaluation in Germany is characterized by the uncoordinated involvement of various governmental and non-governmental institutions, by lacking transparency, by mingling of scientific risk assessment and political risk management, and by unsatisfactory public participation. Within the frame of the German Environmental Health Action Program the Ministers of Health and the Environment established a commission to develop recommendations for the reorganization of procedures and structures for risk evaluation within health-orientated environmental protection in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Risk Commission recently published its first report. It recommends strict separation of risk assessment and risk management; implementation of a clear procedural framework, risk communication as an integrated element of the whole process of risk evaluation and finally the establishment of two permanent co-ordinating institutions. PMID:12872533

Kappos, Andreas D

2003-06-01

96

Strategies for selecting optimal sampling and work-up procedures for analysing alkylphenol polyethoxylates in effluents from non-activated sludge biofilm reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace-level analysis of alkylphenol polyethoxylates (APEOs) in wastewater containing sludge requires the prior removal and preconcentration of contaminants and. In this study, the effects on optimal work-up procedures of the types of alkylphenols present, their degree of ethoxylation, the biofilm wastewater treatment and the sample matrix were investigated for these purposes. The sampling spot for APEO-containing specimens from an industrial

Åke Stenholm; Sara Holmström; Sandra Hjärthag; Ola Lind

2012-01-01

97

Strategies for selecting optimal sampling and work-up procedures for analyzing alkylphenol polyethoxylates in effluents from non-activated sludge biofilm reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trace-level analysis of alkylphenol polyethoxylates (APEOs) in wastewater containing sludge requires the prior removal of contaminants and preconcentration. In this study, the effects of the types of alkylphenols present, their degree of ethoxylation, the biofilm-wastewater treatment and sample matrix were investigated on optimal work-up procedures for these purposes. The spot for sampling APEO-containing specimens from an industrial wastewater treatment plant

Åke Stenholm; Sara Holmström; Sandra Hjärthag; Ola Lind

2012-01-01

98

Flame Tests Performed Safely  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The trend toward inquiry-based learning is providing today's students with a more enriching education. When implementing inquiry it is important to recognize the great number of safety concerns that accompany this paradigm shift. Fortunately, with some consideration, teachers can shape students' laboratory experiments into safe and valuable learning experiences. One very popular demonstration is the flame test. The author provides a safe and effective alternative to the traditional flame test without the traditional use of methanol, and provides strategies that allow students to safely gain a better understanding of the atomic structure, the nature of light, and the electromagnetic spectrum.

Dogancay, Deborah

2005-09-01

99

Some New Procedures for the Identification of Animals and the Use of Punch Cards in the Work of the Zoologist.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The initial phase in the identification of animals amounts to an examination of certain designated parts of the body as a result of which the peculiarities of their structure are established. The result of this work should be a record, consisting of paire...

P. A. Reznik

1968-01-01

100

Safe Use Initiative  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Video on Medscape.com: Safe Use of Drugs Requires Reports From Clinicians disclaimer icon. Federal Register Notice. ... Contact FDA. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/safeuseinitiative

101

Safe Streets in Tacoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Tacoma, Washington, the Safe Street Campaign united the schools, government agencies, labor groups, community and religious organizations, businesses, youth, and substance abuse agencies in responding to gangs and drugs. (MLF)|

Nebgen, Mary

1990-01-01

102

Electrostatic Safe Electric Match.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A safe electroexplosive device such as an electric match is provided by covering the existing electric match with a coating that prevents electrostatic discharge penetration of the coatings. The coating may be either an inner insulator with a conductive o...

R. E. Betts

1980-01-01

103

Asymptotically safe inflation  

SciTech Connect

Inflation is studied in the context of asymptotically safe theories of gravitation. Conditions are explored under which it is possible to have a long period of nearly exponential expansion that eventually comes to an end.

Weinberg, Steven [Theory Group, Department of Physics, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2010-04-15

104

Safe Storage of Pesticides  

MedlinePLUS

Safe Storage of Pesticides Esta página Web está disponible en español Improper pesticide storage and disposal can be hazardous to human health ... Follow these safety recommendations: Don't stockpile. Reduce storage needs by buying only the amount of pesticide ...

105

Using Medications Safely  

MedlinePLUS

... health systems play an important role in preventing medication errors. To make sure you use medicines safely and effectively, ASHP recommends that you: Keep a list of all medications that you take (prescribed drugs, nonprescription medicines, herbal ...

106

Safe Food Handling  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text Version... Safe Food Handling What You Need to Know The food supply in the United States is among the safest in the world. However ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants

107

Safe Food Handling  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text Version... Safe Food Handling What You Need to Know The food supply in the United States is among the safest in the world. However ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/resourcesforyou

108

Safe biodegradable fluorescent particles  

DOEpatents

A human-safe fluorescence particle that can be used for fluorescence detection instruments or act as a safe simulant for mimicking the fluorescence properties of microorganisms. The particle comprises a non-biological carrier and natural fluorophores encapsulated in the non-biological carrier. By doping biodegradable-polymer drug delivery microspheres with natural or synthetic fluorophores, the desired fluorescence can be attained or biological organisms can be simulated without the associated risks and logistical difficulties of live microorganisms.

Martin, Sue I. (Berkeley, CA); Fergenson, David P. (Alamo, CA); Srivastava, Abneesh (Santa Clara, CA); Bogan, Michael J. (Dublin, CA); Riot, Vincent J. (Oakland, CA); Frank, Matthias (Oakland, CA)

2010-08-24

109

Gestación y trabajo: protocolización de la asistencia a la trabajadora embarazada en Salud Laboral. II. Protocolo de revisión médico-laboral de la trabajadora embarazada Pregnancy and work: occupational health procedure for pregnant women at work. II. Occupational health procedure for pregnant women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this second section we propose a procedure to facili- tate the safety of the female worker during her pregnancy and breast feeding period. Therefore, based on the legal and scientific aspects discussed in the first section of this publi- cation, we present a guide for the analysis of a work station that gathers the different agents that can be

110

Health and Safety Procedures Manual for hazardous waste sites  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Chemical Assessments Team (ORNL/CAT) has developed this Health and Safety Procedures Manual for the guidance, instruction, and protection of ORNL/CAT personnel expected to be involved in hazardous waste site assessments and remedial actions. This manual addresses general and site-specific concerns for protecting personnel, the general public, and the environment from any possible hazardous exposures. The components of this manual include: medical surveillance, guidance for determination and monitoring of hazards, personnel and training requirements, protective clothing and equipment requirements, procedures for controlling work functions, procedures for handling emergency response situations, decontamination procedures for personnel and equipment, associated legal requirements, and safe drilling practices.

Thate, J.E.

1992-09-01

111

Transcoding abilities in typical and atypical mathematics achievers: The role of working memory and procedural and lexical competencies.  

PubMed

Transcoding between numerical systems is one of the most basic abilities acquired by children during their early school years. One important topic that requires further exploration is how mathematics proficiency can affect number transcoding. The aim of the current study was to investigate transcoding abilities (i.e., reading Arabic numerals and writing dictation) in Brazilian children with and without mathematics difficulties, focusing on different school grades. We observed that children with learning difficulties in mathematics demonstrated lower achievement in number transcoding in both early and middle elementary school. In early elementary school, difficulties were observed in both the basic numerical lexicon and the management of numerical syntax. In middle elementary school, difficulties appeared mainly in the transcoding of more complex numbers. An error analysis revealed that the children with mathematics difficulties struggled mainly with the acquisition of transcoding rules. Although we confirmed the previous evidence on the impact of working memory capacity on number transcoding, we found that it did not fully account for the observed group differences. The results are discussed in the context of a maturational lag in number transcoding ability in children with mathematics difficulties. PMID:24007971

Moura, Ricardo; Wood, Guilherme; Pinheiro-Chagas, Pedro; Lonnemann, Jan; Krinzinger, Helga; Willmes, Klaus; Haase, Vitor Geraldi

2013-09-03

112

YMCA National Safe Place  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In today's world where many social services for young people are being scaled back due to budgetary constraints, outreach programs such as Project Safe Place are important to know about. The program got its start in 1983 in Louisville, and since then has spread to many parts of the country. Essentially, the Safe Place program creates a network of locations (such as schools, fire stations, YMCAs, and libraries) where young people who may be distressed by difficult and threatening situations, such as domestic disputes or other such problems, can find help and support resources. On the site, visitors can learn in great detail about the program, find Safe Place locations around the country, and read about the organization's history and current leadership. One highlight to note on the site is the Teen Topics area, which has been designed specifically for teenagers as a place to read about topics they may have questions about, such as eating disorders, suicide, and teen crime.

113

Allocation of reliable analytical procedures for human biomonitoring published by the DFG Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area.  

PubMed

In 1955 the Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area (MAK Commission) was founded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). The Commission is responsible for analysing health risks by chemical exposure at the workplace and for advising public authorities accordingly. Within the Commission, the working group "Analyses of Hazardous Substances in Biological Materials" (AiBM) deals with the development of procedures to analyse chemical substances in biological materials. Most of these detailed, ready-to-use protocols for human biomonitoring, do not only enable the monitoring of occupational exposure, but also the determination of the background exposure in the general population. The AiBM working group applies a multi-stage process to develop and evaluate human biomonitoring methods. As a matter of special importance, every method is tested by at least one examiner to ensure reproducibility of the analytical procedure and of the reliability data. Submitted methods and examination reports are discussed within the working group. The positively proved methods, if satisfactory, are adopted for publication. Otherwise, they are given back to the author with the demand for revision. In case of fundamental drawbacks, methods are rejected. The adopted methods are published in German and in English at regular intervals. Since 1985 the working group has published 129 analytical methods (plus 11 methods for markers of susceptibility) in 12 issues of the English edition. The detection limits of eighty methods allow the analyses of background exposure for one or more parameters. About forty methods were specially designed for the application in population studies. Particularly relevant method examples are the determination of the metabolites of organophosphate pesticides, pyrethroides and phthalates in urine as well as the determination of perfluorinated compounds and polychlorinated biphenyls in serum. PMID:21940207

Göen, Thomas; Eckert, Elisabeth; Schäferhenrich, Anja; Hartwig, Andrea

2011-09-21

114

Refrigeration & Safe Handling of Food  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Surplus, Salvaged, and Donated Foods: Safety Tips; Serving Up Safe Buffets; Eating Outdoors, Handling Food Safely. -. -. Related Links. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/buystoreservesafefood

115

Safe Halloween Thrills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two PTAs sponsored events that capitalized on Halloween themes, engaged their communities in fall celebrations, and were safe, wholesome, and fun. With help from local volunteers, one school turned its gymnasium into a 19th-century British town with a fall/Halloween theme. Another PTA hosted a carnival, Spooktacular, that involved community…

Kuersten, Joan

1998-01-01

116

Safe Halloween Thrills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two PTAs sponsored events that capitalized on Halloween themes, engaged their communities in fall celebrations, and were safe, wholesome, and fun. With help from local volunteers, one school turned its gymnasium into a 19th-century British town with a fall/Halloween theme. Another PTA hosted a carnival, Spooktacular, that involved community…

Kuersten, Joan

1998-01-01

117

A Safe Haven.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents four key steps in planning for school security and creating a safe, secure environment for students: deterring the possibility of crime; detecting when something potentially troublesome has occurred; delaying criminals in order to give law enforcement officials the additional time needed to catch them; and recovering and continuing the…

Lupinacci, Jeff

2002-01-01

118

Safe Entry, Easy Exit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After violent episodes too numerous to list and too terrible to forget, schools and universities have been focused for several years on enhancing security in their facilities. Doors are among the most critical points of concern for school personnel responsible for keeping buildings safe. Education institutions want doors that let the right people…

Kennedy, Mike

2008-01-01

119

Keeping Campuses Safe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how colleges and universities are using technology, as well as traditional methods, to keep campuses safe and reduce crime. Topics include using free pizza in a successful contest to teach students about campus safety, installing security cameras, using access-control cards, providing adequate lighting, and creating a bicycle patrol…

Kennedy, Mike

1999-01-01

120

Data Protection — Safe Harbor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The restrictions imposed by data protection legislation on the transfer of data outside the European Economic Area (EEA), and particularly to the USA, have been the subject of much comment. A recently introduced ‘Safe Harbor’ arrangement between the EU and the USA is not the panacea that many hoped for, as it currently does not apply to US banking and

Gillian Bull

2001-01-01

121

Safe Harbor Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Safe Harbor Water Power Corporation has recently completed the dam and initial section of the power house to develop the fall of the Susquehanna river between the Holtwood project backwater and Columbia, Pennsylvania. This development, when completed, will be one of the largest hydroelectric developments in the United States. In the initial project there will be installed 255,000 turbine

N. B. Higgins

1933-01-01

122

How Safe Are Your Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As violence in school increases, administrators need to assess school security and take steps to make it effective. School employers must have an understanding of student discipline policies for any security system to work. A security assessment should examine such issues as policies and procedure, school sites, school security staff, and…

Rubel, Robert J.; Blauvelt, Peter D.

1994-01-01

123

Exploring Safely: A Guide for Elementary Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Take the fear factor out of science lessons. This easy-to-digest book relieves many of the safety worries that come with teaching science in elementary school. The emphasis is on positive options for heading off potential hazards, from handling special equipment to conducting field studies. Chapters cover: - making safe work habits second nature to students - equipping your classroom for safety and conveniene, including organizational systems for preparation, setup, and cleanup - choosing and culturing live plants and animals for classroom study - working safely with electricity, chemicals, and volunteers A special added ingredient: model forms that can be adapted for your needs, including permission slips and student contracts. Best of all, a wealth of anecdotes about what works--and what doesn't--in real-life classrooms makes Exploring Safely enjoyable to read as well as to reference.

Texley, Juliana; Kwan, Terry

2002-01-01

124

Ultimate Safe (US) Reactor  

SciTech Connect

The Ultimate Safe (US) Reactor is a reactor that eliminates the traditional safety concerns of nuclear fission reactors. The US reactor has an insignificant source term and no reasonable criticality accident. Furthermore, the negligible residual after-heat in the reactor renders its shutdown capability comparable or superior to conventional power sources. Fission products are continuously removed at the rate they are produced. The reactor is operated with no excess criticality, hence no criticality accident is reasonably possible. The reactor is controlled safely by its negative temperature coeffiient. The reactor maintains criticality by an internal breeding ratio that is trimmed to be exactly one. The US reactor requires a fluid fuel and on-line, continuous fuel processing. Molten salt fuel was selected for its low vapor pressure at high temperature; adequate solubility of uranium and thorium as fluorides; good compatibility with structural materials; absence of irradiation damage; high negative temperature coefficient and amply developed technology and experience.

Gat, U.; Daugherty, S.R.

1985-01-01

125

Microelectromechanical safe arm device  

DOEpatents

Microelectromechanical (MEM) apparatus and methods for operating, for preventing unintentional detonation of energetic components comprising pyrotechnic and explosive materials, such as air bag deployment systems, munitions and pyrotechnics. The MEM apparatus comprises an interrupting member that can be moved to block (interrupt) or complete (uninterrupt) an explosive train that is part of an energetic component. One or more latching members are provided that engage and prevent the movement of the interrupting member, until the one or more latching members are disengaged from the interrupting member. The MEM apparatus can be utilized as a safe and arm device (SAD) and electronic safe and arm device (ESAD) in preventing unintentional detonations. Methods for operating the MEM apparatus include independently applying drive signals to the actuators coupled to the latching members, and an actuator coupled to the interrupting member.

Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM)

2012-06-05

126

Iodised salt is safe.  

PubMed

Iodine deficiency disorders are prevalent in all the States and Union Territories in India. Under the National Iodine Deficiency Disorders control programme, the Government of India has adopted a strategy to iodisation of all edible salt in the country which is a long term and sustainable preventive solution to eliminate iodine deficiency disorders. The benefits to be derived from universal salt iodisation are more to the population. Iodised salt is safe and does not cause any side effect. PMID:8690505

Ranganathan, S

127

Safe Motherhood Initiative.  

PubMed

In 1991, staff of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)/Macro International met with WHO to discuss the prospect of collecting data on maternal health and morbidity so DHS could set up an international database. The database's purpose would be to gauge the progress of Safe Motherhood programs worldwide and to determine their strengths and weaknesses. WHO and Marc wrote a proposal for the development of a core data collection questionnaire and the implementation of Safe Motherhood Surveys in 3 countries. They recommended that these surveys be follow-up surveys to DHS surveys. The Rockefeller Foundation provided Macro funding for the development of the core questionnaire and documentation, for technical assistance to the Philippines, and for a meeting to develop the best possible questionnaire. 20 international specialists attended the December 1992 meeting at the World Bank. The USAID-funded Mothercare Project took care of local costs of the Philippines Safe Motherhood Survey. Between March and June 1993, Macro along with the Philippines Department of Health, the National Statistics Office, and the Clinical Epidemiology Unit of the Philippines General Hospital collected data for the validation study and conducted qualitative research on women's perceptions when informed about obstetric complications. They next pretested the questionnaire. Training of trainers was in September 1993 and interviewer training followed in early October. The actual Safe Motherhood survey began in mid-October, 5-6 months after the Philippines DHS survey ended. Macro expected preliminary results in early 1994. The questionnaire concentrated on prenatal and postnatal care, delivery, and potentially fatal complications (especially their treatment). Other topics included morbidity, sexually transmitted diseases, domestic violence, and nutritional status. Macro will use the results of the Philippine survey to revise the questionnaire. PMID:12287321

1993-01-01

128

UNFPA supports safe motherhood.  

PubMed

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is supporting a range of safe motherhood activities around the world. Together with the government of Iran, the agency sponsored a regional conference on family planning in Teheran in September 1993. The conference included sessions on the delivery and quality of care in maternal and child health programs, on birth spacing, and on the reproductive health of women. Representatives came from countries as far apart as China and Turkey, including the central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union. A southern Asian conference on safe motherhood was also partially funded by UNFPA in Chandigarh, India. In Bhutan, UNFPA is supporting a project to cut maternal mortality through a better system of referral of high-risk pregnancies. In Mongolia, the agency has initiated a 4-year project to help cut maternal mortality by half. The project includes increasing knowledge of complications and referral during pregnancy and delivery. Mongolia has started publishing a quarterly Safe Motherhood newsletter in English with support from UNFPA. The first issue includes features on the problems of maternity waiting homes in a period of economic transition and on maternal mortality and fertility in Mongolia. The country's maternal mortality rate among women who give birth at home is 352/100,000 live births, while for those who deliver in hospital the rate is 17/100,000 live births. PMID:12345697

129

Recommendations for the Safe Operation of Particle Accelerators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report gives recommendations pertaining to the basic administration and minimum procedures that should be followed at particle accelerator facilities to insure safe operation. The recommendations are designed to supplement existing regulations and sta...

R. F. Boggs W. E. Gundaker

1968-01-01

130

Addressing Lead-Based Paint Hazards During Renovation, Remodeling, and Rehabilitation in Federally Owned and Assisted Housing. Instructor Manual for Use in HUD-Sponsored Lead-Safe Work Practices Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is the instructor's manual for a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) training course that reflects the requirements of HUD's Lead Safe Housing Rule and is designed to provide training contractors with information regarding containment, minimization, and cleanup of lead hazards during activities that disturb…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics.

131

Lessons Learned from Safe Kids/Safe Streets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Child abuse and neglect may place youth at risk for delinquency, criminality, and other problem behaviors. The Department of Justice developed the Safe Kids/Safe Streets program to break this cycle of early victimization and subsequent behavioral problems...

R. Cronin F. Gragg D. Schultz K. Eisen

2006-01-01

132

Keeping food safe.  

PubMed

Legislation passed during this year's legislative session will help the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) identify the source of food-borne illness outbreaks. Senate Bill 81 increases the number of food wholesalers and warehouse operators that must obtain licenses from DSHS. DSHS enforcement activities include follow-up inspections at establishments that have problems, sending warning letters, holding management meetings with the firms, and providing technical assistance. When a food-borne illness outbreak involves a Texas manufacturer, wholesaler, or warehouse, DSHS can recall contaminated products, close establishments temporarily until they can ensure their food is safe or close them permanently, and levy fines. PMID:22714694

Conde, Crystal

2011-11-01

133

Cool and Safe: Multiplicity in Safe Innovation at Unilever  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the making of a safe innovation: the application of ice structuring protein (ISP) in edible ices. It argues that safety is not the absence of risk but is an active accomplishment; innovations are not "made safe afterward" but "safe innovations are made". Furthermore, there are multiple safeties to be accomplished in the…

Penders, Bart

2011-01-01

134

Stay Safe in Cold Weather!  

MedlinePLUS

... Health and Aging » Publications Stay Safe in Cold Weather! What is hypothermia? Keep warm inside Bundle up ... to find more information Stay Safe in Cold Weather! Learn Why You Need to Stay Warm When ...

135

SENSOR DATA FUSION FOR LATERAL SAFE APPLICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the algorithms that are being developed for the perception layer of the PReVENT subproject LATERAL SAFE. These algorithms aim at achieving a reliable representation of the objects and their kinematics, present at the lateral and rear field of the ego-vehicle. The work presented in this paper is within the fields of radar tracking, sensor network processing, image

Angelos Amditis; Nikolaos Floudas; Aris Polychronopoulos; Dirk Bank; Bas van den Broek; Fred Oechsle; DaimlerChrysler AG; Robert Bosch

136

Safe pill-dispensing.  

PubMed

Each patient is supplied with a smart-card containing a Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) chip storing a unique identification code. The patient places the Smart-card on a pill-dispenser unit containing an RFID reader. The RFID chip is read and the code sent to a Base-station via a wireless Bluetooth link. A database containing both patient details and treatment information is queried at the Base-station using the RFID as the search key. The patient's treatment data (i.e., drug names, quantities, time, etc.) are retrieved and sent back to the pill-dispenser unit via Bluetooth. Appropriate quantities of the required medications are automatically dispensed, unless the patient has already taken his/her daily dose. Safe, confidential communication and operation is ensured. PMID:17901607

Testa, Massimiliano; Pollard, John

2007-01-01

137

The environmentally safe battery  

SciTech Connect

There are three aspects to an environmentally safe battery. The first deals with the manufacturing process, the second with the use of environmentally friendly materials, and the third with the disposal and/or recycling of spent units. In this paper, several ongoing programs at Sandia National Laboratories that relate to the environmentally conscious manufacturing of batteries, are discussed. The solvent substitution/elimination program is a two-pronged effort, aimed at identifying new solvents which are compatible with the environment, while at the same time developing dry process cleaning technology. The joining program is evaluating new solvents for flux removal as well as the development of fluxless soldering processes. In the area of welding, new cleaning processes are under study. Chemical microsensors are under development that are capable of identifying and quantifying single chemical species. These sensors have been used to monitor and improve processes using toxic/hazardous solvents. 1 ref., 1 fig.

Levy, S.C.; Brown, N.E.

1991-01-01

138

Poor neighborhoods: safe playgrounds.  

PubMed

Although unstructured physical play is helpful to child development and physical activity is important to obesity prevention, up-to-date information about playgrounds and playground hazards in urban areas is limited. Local data are needed to identify problems and target interventions. The aim of this study was to describe the hazards in playgrounds located in low-income (median dollars 28,728-38,915) and very low-income (median dollars 18,266-18,955) Chicago neighborhoods. Using a standardized on-site survey (National Program for Playground Safety), two investigators reviewed seventy-eight public playgrounds for hazards related to playground design, safe surfaces, supervision, and equipment design and maintenance. The design of 56 playgrounds (72%) posed no hazards. One playground lacked protection from motor vehicles, and 21 had minor flaws. One playground had an asphalt surface; all others had protective surfaces, usually wood chips. The chips were too thin in many places, and in 15 playgrounds (19%), at least one concrete footing was exposed. Trash was a common surface hazard (68%). Although most equipment was safe (swings of soft materials and appropriate platform barriers), many pieces needed repairs. Equipment maintenance hazards included gaps (44%) and missing (38%) or broken parts (35%). In 13 of 39 playgrounds (33%) where children were observed playing, one or more were unsupervised. Playgrounds in very low-income neighborhoods more often had trash in the fall zone and exposed footings (P<.01 for each); there were no differences between low and very low-income neighborhoods in playground design or equipment maintenance. We conclude that playgrounds in low-income Chicago neighborhoods are of good design and have appropriate surfaces. Needed improvements include attention to wood chip depth, the removal of trash from the fall zone, and equipment repairs. Greater adult supervision is warranted. PMID:16033929

Powell, Elizabeth C; Ambardekar, Erin J; Sheehan, Karen M

2005-07-20

139

Safe prescribing: a titanic challenge  

PubMed Central

The challenge to achieve safe prescribing merits the adjective ‘titanic’. The organisational and human errors leading to poor prescribing (e.g. underprescribing, overprescribing, misprescribing or medication errors) have parallels in the organisational and human errors that led to the loss of the Titanic 100 years ago this year. Prescribing can be adversely affected by communication failures, critical conditions, complacency, corner cutting, callowness and a lack of courage of conviction, all of which were also factors leading to the Titanic tragedy. These issues need to be addressed by a commitment to excellence, the final component of the ‘Seven C's’. Optimal prescribing is dependent upon close communication and collaborative working between highly trained health professionals, whose role is to ensure maximum clinical effectiveness, whilst also protecting their patients from avoidable harm. Since humans are prone to error, and the environments in which they work are imperfect, it is not surprising that medication errors are common, occurring more often during the prescribing stage than during dispensing or administration. A commitment to excellence in prescribing includes a continued focus on lifelong learning (including interprofessional learning) in pharmacology and therapeutics. This should be accompanied by improvements in the clinical working environment of prescribers, and the encouragement of a strong safety culture (including reporting of adverse incidents as well as suspected adverse drug reactions whenever appropriate). Finally, members of the clinical team must be prepared to challenge each other, when necessary, to ensure that prescribing combines the highest likelihood of benefit with the lowest potential for harm.

Routledge, Philip A

2012-01-01

140

Safe prescribing: a titanic challenge.  

PubMed

The challenge to achieve safe prescribing merits the adjective 'titanic'. The organisational and human errors leading to poor prescribing (e.g. underprescribing, overprescribing, misprescribing or medication errors) have parallels in the organisational and human errors that led to the loss of the Titanic 100 years ago this year. Prescribing can be adversely affected by communication failures, critical conditions, complacency, corner cutting, callowness and a lack of courage of conviction, all of which were also factors leading to the Titanic tragedy. These issues need to be addressed by a commitment to excellence, the final component of the 'Seven C's'. Optimal prescribing is dependent upon close communication and collaborative working between highly trained health professionals, whose role is to ensure maximum clinical effectiveness, whilst also protecting their patients from avoidable harm. Since humans are prone to error, and the environments in which they work are imperfect, it is not surprising that medication errors are common, occurring more often during the prescribing stage than during dispensing or administration. A commitment to excellence in prescribing includes a continued focus on lifelong learning (including interprofessional learning) in pharmacology and therapeutics. This should be accompanied by improvements in the clinical working environment of prescribers, and the encouragement of a strong safety culture (including reporting of adverse incidents as well as suspected adverse drug reactions whenever appropriate). Finally, members of the clinical team must be prepared to challenge each other, when necessary, to ensure that prescribing combines the highest likelihood of benefit with the lowest potential for harm. PMID:22738396

Routledge, Philip A

2012-10-01

141

Radiosynoviorthesis in haemophilia: how safe?  

PubMed

One of the best procedures to prevent haemarthrosis in haemophilia has been radioactive synovectomy (radiosynoviorthesis). Since 1976 we have performed 119 radiosynoviortheses in 110 patients, aged from 3 to 40 years (mean 10), and of whom 71 were under 12 years of age. The knees were injected in 71, elbow in 29, ankles in 16, and shoulders in 3 cases. Clinical results of the procedure gave excellent results 80% of patients with no further bleeding. In the case of failure a reinjection can be given in the same joint at a 6 month interval. One of the criticisms against this method is possible chromosomal damage. In our centre, 4 studies have been made in order to see whether these changes are permanent, but all have demonstrated that chromosomal changes are reversible. Radioactive material used in 2 studies was Au-189. In 1978, 354 metaphases were studied with 61 ruptures, with 17.23% non-premalignant and 6 structural changes considered premalignant (1.69%). Further study was done in 1982, in the same group of patients with the result of 21 ruptures (3.34%) and no structural changes. The third study was performed in 13 patients that sustained radiosynoviorthesis with Re-186 in 1991. We compared the chromosomal study before and 6 months after the radioactive material injection and the results confirmed that changes appeared equally in non-irradiated and radiated patients and disappeared with time, never reaching the dangerous zone of 2%. In the group treated with Re-186 we studied an additional number of 130 metaphases with identical results and no structural changes. A study performed before and after radiosynoviorthesis with Y-90 revealed no premalignant changes. It seems than radiosynoviorthesis is safe and highly beneficial to haemophilic patients. PMID:20229681

Fernández-Palazzi, Federico; Viso, Rafael; Boadas, Absara; Ruiz-Saez, Arlette; Falcon de Vargas, Aida; de Bosch, Norma B

2010-01-01

142

Flexible fibreoptic sigmoidoscopy. Safe and effective for family practice.  

PubMed Central

Flexible fibreoptic sigmoidoscopy can detect malignancy, polyps, and other common diseases of the large bowel when they are distal to the splenic flexure. The procedure is safe and not painful when correctly performed. Family physicians could play an important role in the earlier diagnosis and prevention of colorectal cancer by adding the procedure to their repertoire. Images p1928-a p1930-a

Moran, J. A.

1993-01-01

143

Perforated Appendicitis: Is Laparoscopy Safe?  

PubMed Central

Objective: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopy in children with perforated appendicitis. Methods: This is a retrospective review of consecutive patients under the age of 18, operated on for perforated appendicitis between September 1997 and December 1999. Results: Sixty-nine patients were operated on for perforated appendicitis. Eleven appendectomies were performed laparoscopically. Fifty-four patients underwent an open appendectomy. Four laparoscopic appendectomies were converted to an open procedure. The mean operative time was 79 minutes for the laparoscopic group, and 87 minutes for the open group. The mean length of hospital stay was 5.4 days versus 7.6 days for the laparoscopic and open groups, respectively. Neither of these differences was statistically significant. Conclusions: The above data support the use of laparoscopy in the management of perforated appendicitis in children. In conclusion, laparoscopy is as safe as open appendectomy. Laparoscopy is an effective alternative with a shorter length of hospital stay compared with that for an open appendectomy for perforated appendicitis in children.

Tirabassi, Michael V.; Tashjian, David B.; Konefal, Stanley H.; Courtney, Richard A.; Sachs, Barry F.

2004-01-01

144

Inherently safe core design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes the work performed on the hydraulically supported absorber balls shutdown assembly since the previous Status Review Meeting held in April 1978. The work included: water loop tests on a full-scale mockup of the assembly at the ETEC Hydraulic Test Facility; absorber balls location determination tests; hydraulic analysis; reactor transient analyses; and materials properties tests. The water loop

R. K. Paschall; D. K. Chung; A. S. Jackola; L. S. Eytel; R. R. Specht

1978-01-01

145

Healthy Air at Work  

MedlinePLUS

... Home > Healthy Air > At Work Healthy Air at Work Employees should be safe while on the job; ... the workplace threatens workers' lives. Healthy Air at Work Healthy air quality is an important element of ...

146

Safe Child Penarth: experience with a Safe Community strategy for preventing injuries to children  

PubMed Central

Objectives—To evaluate the process of establishing a Safe Community project for children. Design—A descriptive study. Setting—Penarth, a town (population 20 430) Vale of Glamorgan, South Wales. Subjects—3943 children and their families in Penarth. Main outcome measures—Whether the 12 criteria for a Safe Community project (World Health Organisation) were met. Implementation of the safety agenda set by the community. Results—Safe Child Penarth met 10 of the 12 criteria for the Safe Community network. All the items on the agenda were introduced in the initial two years of the project. There were difficulties, however, achieving sustained community ownership of the project. Conclusions—The Safe Community concept stimulated work to improve child safety in Penarth. Community safety initiatives should involve all local agencies to identify the problems and work with the community to set and meet the safety agenda. Partnership with the local authority is valuable to improve the safety of the environment. The experience generated from Safe Child Penarth has been used to develop a county wide, all age community safety project.

Kemp, A.; Gibbs, N.; Vafidis, G.; Sibert, J.

1998-01-01

147

OPINION: Safe exponential manufacturing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1959, Richard Feynman pointed out that nanometre-scale machines could be built and operated, and that the precision inherent in molecular construction would make it easy to build multiple identical copies. This raised the possibility of exponential manufacturing, in which production systems could rapidly and cheaply increase their productive capacity, which in turn suggested the possibility of destructive runaway self-replication. Early proposals for artificial nanomachinery focused on small self-replicating machines, discussing their potential productivity and their potential destructiveness if abused. In the light of controversy regarding scenarios based on runaway replication (so-called 'grey goo'), a review of current thinking regarding nanotechnology-based manufacturing is in order. Nanotechnology-based fabrication can be thoroughly non-biological and inherently safe: such systems need have no ability to move about, use natural resources, or undergo incremental mutation. Moreover, self-replication is unnecessary: the development and use of highly productive systems of nanomachinery (nanofactories) need not involve the construction of autonomous self-replicating nanomachines. Accordingly, the construction of anything resembling a dangerous self-replicating nanomachine can and should be prohibited. Although advanced nanotechnologies could (with great difficulty and little incentive) be used to build such devices, other concerns present greater problems. Since weapon systems will be both easier to build and more likely to draw investment, the potential for dangerous systems is best considered in the context of military competition and arms control.

Phoenix, Chris; Drexler, Eric

2004-08-01

148

Hypoglycemia and safe driving  

PubMed Central

The lack of awareness of the effects of hypoglycemia on safe driving is a real issue for diabetic patients and a challenge for health care providers. Taking the form of questions and answers, this review addresses the issue of road traffic accidents and drivers with type 1 diabetes mellitus. While there is little evidence showing higher accident rates among diabetic drivers, there is research indicating that hypoglycemia compromises driving performance, resulting in slower response times and reduced cognitive function. Unawareness of an early fall in plasma glucose is another important issue that affects some diabetic drivers. The driver with type 1 diabetes is obliged to check their blood glucose before driving. The physician’s duty is to familiarize the patient with the risk of hypoglycemia. If hypoglycemic unawareness is present, the physician should advise the patient to stop driving until the condition is reversed. The doctor should consider informing authorities if he concludes there is a risk and the driver cannot be persuaded to stop driving.

Ahmed, Almoutaz A.

2010-01-01

149

Safe in the city.  

PubMed

Workplace danger and violence are complex problems that affect nurses more often than is recognized. The home healthcare work environment is challenging enough without the additional risks associated with working out in the open or within a client's home. Every clinician working in home health today understands the demands of visits or extended care in the home and often reluctantly accepts the involved risk. The clinician working in the rural setting may experience similar challenges, but in large metropolitan cities, it has become increasingly frightening as crime, drug use, gangs, violence, homelessness, and transportation issues have made the clinician's job much tougher. It is important to renew awareness and remind clinicians to maintain constant vigilance for personal safety. PMID:18849719

Anderson, Norma R

2008-10-01

150

Teens for Safe Cosmetics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Earth Island Institute's New Leaders Initiative, meet a high school student who worked to enact a state law to make cosmetics safer, after she learned they contained toxic chemicals linked to cancer.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2011-07-01

151

Safety Practices for Demolition Procedures. Module SH-41. Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student module on safety practices for demolition procedures is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. This module presents a general outline of the safe work practices that should be followed at a demolition job site in order for workers to avoid injury. Following the introduction, 10 objectives (each keyed to a page in the…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

152

Protection from Potential Exposure for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement  

SciTech Connect

The Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium has recently completed developing the conceptual design for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement (NSC). Battelle has the scope of work related to environment and safety of the design. As part of the safety analysis, an analysis was performed to determine the degree of protection to be provided during the construction and 100-year operation period for expected upsets and lower-probability events that would occur from errors, procedures, other human factors, and equipment failures, i.e., ''potential exposures'' other than normal operations. The analysis was based on results of the Preliminary Hazards Analysis. The potential exposure analysis was performed in accordance with existing Ukranian regulations and working processes and procedures in place at the Shelter Object. KSK (a Ukranian Consortium), a subcontractor to the Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium, performed much of the dose analysis. The analysis concluded that potential exposures, outside of those expected during normal operations, would be acceptable and that design criteria and features, and preventative and mitigative measures currently in place at the Shelter would be sufficient to meet operating exposure limits.

Shipler, Dillard B.; Rudko, Vladimir; Batiy, Valeriy; Timmins, Douglas C.; Brothers, Alan J.; Schmidt, John P.; Swearingen, Gary L.; Schmieman, Eric A.

2004-03-24

153

DanceSafe and Ecstasy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since dangerous additives to the drug ecstasy can cause potentially lethal hyperthermia, the organization DanceSafe tests ecstasy for such adulterants. This study of over 700 college students examined whether individuals will use or abstain from ecstasy regardless of DanceSafe's presence at raves or whether DanceSafe erodes a powerful deterrent (i.e., the fear of hazardous additives) which may make nonusers more

Lauren Dundes

2003-01-01

154

A safe system with safe logistics support for Chittagong Port  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a prototype implementation of an intelligent system called safe system that monitors container security in the port logistics. Logistics supports in the port require safe container status. The main focus of our contribution is to design a system that supports RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Readers of all types (such as Reader Protocol complaint and vendor provided Readers),

M. K. Uddin; M. Kamal Hossen

2010-01-01

155

A Study of Modified-Guttman and IRT-Based Level Scoring Procedures for Work Keys Assessments. ACT Research Report Series 97-7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares modified Guttman and item response theory (IRT) based procedures for classifying examinees in ordered levels when each level is represented by several multiple choice test items. In the modified Guttman procedure, within-level number correct scores are mapped to binary level mastery scores. Examinees are then assigned to levels…

Schulz, E. Matthew; Kolen, Michael J.; Nicewander, W. Alan

156

A Safe Path Vector Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

An IP routing protocol is safe if it is guaranteed to converge inthe absence of network topology changes. BGP, currently the only interdomainrouting protocol employed on the Internet, is not safe in this sense. Itmay seem that the source of BGP's potential divergence is inherent in therequirements for any interdomain routing protocol --- policy-based metricsmust be allowed to override distance-based

Timothy G. Griffin; Gordon T. Wilfong

2000-01-01

157

Findings from the Safe Kids/Safe Streets National Evaluation: Safe Kids/Safe Streets, Toledo, Ohio.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many studies suggest that child abuse and neglect are risk factors for the development of juvenile delinquency and other problem behaviors. The Safe Kids/Safe Streets (SK/SS) program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Justice Program...

2005-01-01

158

Findings from the Safe Kids/Safe Streets National Evaluation: Safe Kids/Safe Streets, Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many studies suggest that child abuse and neglect are risk factors for the development of juvenile delinquency and other problem behaviors. The Safe Kids/Safe Streets (SK/SS) program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Justice Program...

2005-01-01

159

Being Safe in the Kitchen  

MedlinePLUS

... Only an adult should do this. Use only microwave-safe cookware in the microwave — never tinfoil or anything metal. If you're ... if something is safe for use in the microwave, ask an adult first. Cooking Lessons Did you ...

160

Bold Steps Build Safe Havens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the National Alliance of Safe Schools' recommendations, a suburban New Jersey school district developed a successful school/police liaison program, issued photo ID cards, and initiated a "safe haven," zero-tolerance substance abuse policy. The district metes out immediate, serious penalties for violations, but also teaches students…

Schreiner, Michael E.

1996-01-01

161

A safe protocol for amalgam removal.  

PubMed

Today's environment has different impacts on our body than previous generations. Heavy metals are a growing concern in medicine. Doctors and individuals request the removal of their amalgam (silver mercury) restorations due to the high mercury content. A safe protocol to replace the silver mercury filling will ensure that there is minimal if any absorption of materials while being removed. Strong alternative white composite and lab-processed materials are available today to create a healthy and functioning mouth. Preparation of the patient prior to the procedure and after treatment is vital to establish the excretion of the mercury from the body. PMID:22315627

Colson, Dana G

2012-01-18

162

Identifying Safe Load Moment Exposures for the Back.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Low back disorders continue to be the most common and significant work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the US. Identifying what constitutes a 'safe' physical workload from both the magnitude and temporal perspectives has been the biggest challenge fa...

D. L. Burr G. Yang P. Schabo R. E. Splittstoesser S. A. Ferguson S. A. Lavender W. S. Marras

2004-01-01

163

Video-assisted cardiac myxoma resection: basket technique for complete and safe removal from the heart.  

PubMed

Video assistance can replace sternotomy in cardiac operations with excellent results. Because myxomas are very friable tumors, their removal from the heart and chest cavity through a working port in video-assisted or robotic procedures may be challenging. We used a laparoscopic basket to safely catch and remove these friable tumors in 10 patients undergoing video-assisted myxoma resection between December 2008 and June 2011. Complete excision and removal was achieved in all patients. No neurologic, vascular, or wound complications were observed. This minimally invasive myxoma technique gives excellent and reproducible results without a higher risk for the patient. PMID:22450108

Panos, Aristotelis; Myers, Patrick O

2012-04-01

164

Strategies and challenges for safe injection practice in developing countries  

PubMed Central

Injection is one of the important health care procedures used globally to administer drugs. Its unsafe use can transmit various blood borne pathogens. This article aims to review the history and status of injection practices, its importance, interventions and the challenges for safe injection practice in developing countries. The history of injections started with the discovery of syringe in the early nineteenth century. Safe injection practice in developed countries was initiated in the early twentieth century but has not received adequate attention in developing countries. The establishment of “Safe Injection Global Network (SIGN)” was an milestone towards safe injection practice globally. In developing countries, people perceive injection as a powerful healing tool and do not hesitate to pay more for injections. Unsafe disposal and reuse of contaminated syringe is common. Ensuring safe injection practice is one of the greatest challenges for healthcare system in developing countries. To address the problem, interventions with active involvement of a number of stakeholders is essential. A combination of educational, managerial and regulatory strategies is found to be effective and economically viable. Rational and safe use of injections can save many lives but unsafe practice threatens life. Safe injection practice is crucial in developing countries. Evidence based interventions, with honest commitment and participation from the service provider, recipient and community with aid of policy makers are required to ensure safe injection practice.

Gyawali, Sudesh; Rathore, Devendra Singh; Shankar, P Ravi; Kumar, KC Vikash

2013-01-01

165

Centralized maintenance procedures  

SciTech Connect

In 1989, shortly after Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) assumed maintenance responsibilities for the Hanford site, a Department of Energy (DOE) maintenance audit found that field (working level) maintenance procedures and procedure practices of the facilities scattered across Hanford`s 560 square miles varied as greatly as the locations of those facilities. In some of the audited facilities there were few or no procedures; in others, procedures conflicted with or were redundant to procedures at other facilities. This document presents current efforts to centralize maintenance procedures.

Barber, J.R.

1994-02-01

166

Bowel preparation for gastrointestinal procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adequate colonic cleansing is essential for accurate and safe colonic procedures. Common preparations for cleansing include\\u000a diet in combination with a cathartic agent, gut lavage, and phosphate preparations. The diet used with a cathartic consists\\u000a of clear liquids or is designed to leave a minimal colonic fecal residue with laxatives. Gut lavage solutions wash out the\\u000a colon in a safe

Andrew R. Brown; Jack A. DiPalma

2004-01-01

167

Safe genetically engineered plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of genetic engineering to plants has provided genetically modified plants (GMPs, or transgenic plants) that are cultivated worldwide on increasing areas. The most widespread GMPs are herbicide-resistant soybean and canola and insect-resistant corn and cotton. New GMPs that produce vaccines, pharmaceutical or industrial proteins, and fortified food are approaching the market. The techniques employed to introduce foreign genes into plants allow a quite good degree of predictability of the results, and their genome is minimally modified. However, some aspects of GMPs have raised concern: (a) control of the insertion site of the introduced DNA sequences into the plant genome and of its mutagenic effect; (b) presence of selectable marker genes conferring resistance to an antibiotic or an herbicide, linked to the useful gene; (c) insertion of undesired bacterial plasmid sequences; and (d) gene flow from transgenic plants to non-transgenic crops or wild plants. In response to public concerns, genetic engineering techniques are continuously being improved. Techniques to direct foreign gene integration into chosen genomic sites, to avoid the use of selectable genes or to remove them from the cultivated plants, to reduce the transfer of undesired bacterial sequences, and make use of alternative, safer selectable genes, are all fields of active research. In our laboratory, some of these new techniques are applied to alfalfa, an important forage plant. These emerging methods for plant genetic engineering are briefly reviewed in this work.

Rosellini, D.; Veronesi, F.

2007-10-01

168

Safe eating during cancer treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... to eat well but safely. When you eat eggs: Yolks and whites should be cooked solid. Do not ... cooked for at least 5 minutes. When eating chicken and other poultry: Cook whole pieces of poultry ...

169

BeSafeRx Physician  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... These effects may be mistakenly attributed to other causes, or may mask other symptoms. Send your patients to www.FDA.gov/BeSafeRx. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/resourcesforyou

170

Nuclear energy - safe and secure?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present revival in nuclear technology is prompting concerns about its safe use. Nature Materials talks to Tomihiro Taniguchi, Deputy Director General at the International Atomic Energy Agency, responsible for nuclear safety and security.

2008-09-01

171

Dare You Play It Safe?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We should like to present here the winning entry in last year's ``cracking the safe'' nationwide competition for Israeli high schools, organized annually by the youth wing of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovoth.

Gluck, Paul; Yaron, Oded; Harmatz, Margalit

2006-10-01

172

How much protein is safe?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND:Since breastfeeding and human milk seem to prevent, while high dietary proteins in the first 2 y of life seem to promote, later overweight, questions have been raised on the safe levels of proteins in the early years. How much protein (as a percentage of total calorie intake) is safe?METHODS:Revision of available data on the protein content of human milk,

C Agostoni; S Scaglioni; D Ghisleni; E Verduci; M Giovannini; E Riva

2005-01-01

173

Allocation of reliable analytical procedures for human biomonitoring published by the DFG Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1955 the Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area (MAK Commission) was founded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). The Commission is responsible for analysing health risks by chemical exposure at the workplace and for advising public authorities accordingly. Within the Commission, the working group “Analyses of Hazardous Substances in Biological Materials”

Thomas Göen; Elisabeth Eckert; Anja Schäferhenrich; Andrea Hartwig

174

Safe high-pressure freezing of infectious micro-organisms.  

PubMed

We describe how high-pressure freezing of infectious biological material can safely be accomplished with the help of membrane carriers. The method described is easy to perform; however, careful manipulations are required. Existing safety regulations must still be followed. However, the procedure reduces the risk of dissemination of infectious material. PMID:22364646

Vanhecke, D; Zuber, B; Brugger, S D; Studer, D

2012-02-27

175

Inexpensive and Safe DNA Gel Electrophoresis Using Household Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gel electrophoresis is the single most important molecular biology technique and it is central to life sciences research, but it is often too expensive for the secondary science classroom or homeschoolers. A simple safe low-cost procedure is described here that uses household materials to construct and run DNA gel electrophoresis. Plastic…

Ens, S.; Olson, A. B.; Dudley, C.; Ross, N. D., III; Siddiqi, A. A.; Umoh, K. M.; Schneegurt, M. A.

2012-01-01

176

Is Your Waterfront Safe? Creating an Emergency Action Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists eight steps to a safe waterfront, one of which is creating an emergency action plan. American Camping Association standards call for a written, rehearsed emergency action plan for aquatics programs. In creating a plan, one should consider one's resources, the camp layout, types of emergencies, and basic procedures. Staff training and plan…

McConnell, Susan F.

1996-01-01

177

Inexpensive and Safe DNA Gel Electrophoresis Using Household Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gel electrophoresis is the single most important molecular biology technique and it is central to life sciences research, but it is often too expensive for the secondary science classroom or homeschoolers. A simple safe low-cost procedure is described here that uses household materials to construct and run DNA gel electrophoresis. Plastic…

Ens, S.; Olson, A. B.; Dudley, C.; Ross, N. D., III; Siddiqi, A. A.; Umoh, K. M.; Schneegurt, M. A.

2012-01-01

178

Allergy Medications and Pregnancy: What's Safe?  

MedlinePLUS

... may be reprinted for personal, noncommercial use only. Allergy medications and pregnancy: What's safe? By Mayo Clinic ... share your e-mail address Sign up Question Allergy medications and pregnancy: What's safe? Is it safe ...

179

Addressing barriers to safe abortion.  

PubMed

The latest World Health Organization data estimate that the total number of unsafe abortions globally has increased to 21.6 million in 2008. There is increasing recognition by the international community of the importance of the contribution of unsafe abortion to maternal mortality. However, the barriers to delivery of safe abortion services are many. In 68 countries, home to 26% of the world's population, abortion is prohibited altogether or only permitted to save a woman's life. Even in countries with more liberal abortion legal frameworks, additional social, economic, and health systems barriers and the stigma surrounding abortion prevent adequate access to safe abortion services and postabortion care. While much has been achieved to reduce the barriers to comprehensive abortion care, much remains to be done. Only through the concerted action of public, private, and civil society partners can we ensure that women have access to services that are safe, affordable, confidential, and stigma free. PMID:23477700

Culwell, Kelly R; Hurwitz, Manuelle

2013-03-07

180

Introduction to the safe patient handling and movement series.  

PubMed

Musculoskeletal injuries can occur when the physical work demanded by a job exceeds a worker's ability to respond safely. In perioperative nursing, and nursing in general, patient handling and movement demands commonly lead to injury and are considered high-risk activities. In 2005, the AORN Workplace Safety Task Force was charged with identifying high-risk tasks performed in the perioperative area and developing evidence-based solutions to help establish an ergonomically safe workplace. The work of the task force was incorporated into the "AORN guidance statement: Safe patient handling and movement in the perioperative setting," which includes seven ergonomic tools to help determine best practices for safe movement and handling of patients, supplies, and equipment in the OR. Members of the AORN Perioperative Environment of Care Task Force have collaborated to author seven articles that help explain the rationale behind and use of these ergonomic tools. The articles will appear in the Journal beginning in this issue. PMID:21353804

Ogg, Mary J

2011-03-01

181

105-H Reactor Interim Safe Storage Project Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The following information documents the decontamination and decommissioning of the 105-H Reactor facility, and placement of the reactor core into interim safe storage. The D&D of the facility included characterization, engineering, removal of hazardous and radiologically contaminated materials, equipment removal, decontamination, demolition of the structure, and restoration of the site. The ISS work also included construction of the safe storage enclosure, which required the installation of a new roofing system, power and lighting, a remote monitoring system, and ventilation components.

E.G. Ison

2008-11-08

182

Building a safe care-providing robot.  

PubMed

A service robot especially a care-providing robot, works in the vicinity of a human body and is sometimes even in direct contact with it. Conventional safety methods and precautions in industrial robotics are not applicable to such robots. This paper presents a safety approach for designing the safe care-providing robot FRIEND. The approach is applied in each step of design iteratively to identify and assess the potential hazards during design. The steps are explained briefly in this work. The main contribution of this paper is verification of safety requirements using the Ramadge-Wonham (RW) framework. The greater complexity of the tasks the robot will perform, the more complex is the identification of safety requirements. Use of this framework led us to analyze the requirements and verify them formally, systematically and on a modular basis. In our approach human-robot interaction (HRI) is also modeled by a set of uncontrolled events that may happen any time during operation. Subsequently the safety requirements are modified to consider these interactions. As a result the safety module behaves like a controller, running in parallel with the system, which maintains the system safe and works according to the safety requirements by enabling the admissible sequences of events. PMID:22275681

Fotoohi, Leila; Gräser, Axel

2011-01-01

183

How Safe Are Our Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are basically safe places for children. School violence and disruption, although in decline through the mid- to late 1990s, remains a concern. National surveys that inform research, policy, and practice have been designed for different purposes and can present conflicting findings. Common standards of risk and harm that could advance…

Mayer, Matthew J.; Furlong, Michael J.

2010-01-01

184

Safe Schools Programs & Resources Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first version of this guide was developed in response to the 1993 Safe Schools Act that required the State Board of Education to develop materials, models, and curricula addressing school safety. It recommended the development of conflict resolution and mediation materials to address responsible decision-making among students; the causes and…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of School Improvement.

185

Safe Sex and Lost Love.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how conversation about AIDS affects the possibilities of developing a Christian sexual ethic. Examines how the AIDS crisis influences and directs discourse about sex and sexuality, arguing that although safe sex is a legitimate public health concern, it is not the same as a Christian sexual ethic. (GEA)|

Lebacqz, Karen; Blake, Deborah

1988-01-01

186

Planning and Designing Safe Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Those who manage physical education, athletic, and recreation programs have a number of legal duties that they are expected to carry out. Among these are an obligation to take reasonable precautions to ensure safe programs and facilities for all participants, spectators, and staff. Physical education and sports facilities that are poorly planned,…

Seidler, Todd

2006-01-01

187

99 Tips for Safe Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This pamphlet highlights 99 tips for maintaining safe schools. Areas of interest include: alarm systems and control of access, vandalism, parent education, transportation, school design, personnel training, and graffiti. The majority of the pointers deal with maintaining and implementing various forms of electronic surveillance and strategies for…

Kaufer, Steve

188

The Early Years: Safe Smelling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using the sense of smell, animals find food or a mate and detect the presence of predators; their survival depends on this. In a discussion on using our sense of smell to keep use safe, some children may relate experiences of smelling something burning. I

Ashbrook, Peggy

2009-10-01

189

Photodigitizing procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report documents procedures and programs for efficiently running the Photo Digitizing System at the Naval Biodynamics Laboratory. Procedures have been tested and have been found to be effective. Any future acquisitions of programs or changes to current programs should be incorporated in these procedures. On-going research programs use high speed instrumentation cameras to record the motion of test subjects

P. D. Kilgore; J. H. Gottbrath

1984-01-01

190

Standardization work  

Microsoft Academic Search

For several years now, the main civil aircraft manufacturers (Airbus and its partners, Boeing, Fokker, McDonnell Douglas) have been working jointly on the writing of technical recommendations and the drawing up of an international standard. This work concerns the evaluation of the processes and products used to strip aeronautical paint systems. This procedure was initiated on request from the main

Olivier Malavallon

1995-01-01

191

Maintaining safe electrical work practices in a competitive environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide competitive pressures have forced engineering and construction organizations to face increased workloads using fewer experienced personnel. Significant organizational and individual effort is required to maintain high standards of electrical safety in this climate. In addition, there is recent increased recognition of hazards from electrical high-energy sources. The efforts of one corporation to maintain electrical safety performance are described. Basic

Richard L. Doughty; Richard A. Epperly; Ray A. Jones

1992-01-01

192

Organizing delivery care: what works for safe motherhood?  

PubMed Central

The various means of delivering essential obstetric services are described for settings in which the maternal mortality ratio is relatively low. This review yields four basic models of care, which are best described by organizational characteristics relating to where women give birth and who performs deliveries. In Model 1, deliveries are conducted at home by a community member who has received brief training. In Model 2, delivery takes place at home but is performed by a professional. In Model 3, delivery is performed by a professional in a basic essential obstetric care facility, and in Model 4 all women give birth in a comprehensive essential obstetric care facility with the help of professionals. In each of these models it is assumed that providers do not increase the risk to women, either iatrogenically or through traditional practices. Although there have been some successes with Model 1, there is no evidence that it can provide a maternal mortality ratio under 100 per 100,000 live births. If strong referral mechanisms are in place the introduction of a professional attendant can lead to a marked reduction in the maternal mortality ratio. Countries using Models 2-4, involving the use of professional attendants at delivery, have reduced maternal mortality ratios to 50 or less per 100,000. However, Model 4, although arguably the most advanced, does not necessarily reduce the maternal mortality ratio to less than 100 per 100,000. It appears that not all countries are ready to adopt Model 4, and its affordability by many developing countries is doubtful. There are few data making it possible to determine which configuration with professional attendance is the most cost-effective, and what the constraints are with respect to training, skill maintenance, supervision, regulation, acceptability to women, and other criteria. A successful transition to Models 2-4 requires strong links with the community through either traditional providers or popular demand.

Koblinsky, M. A.; Campbell, O.; Heichelheim, J.

1999-01-01

193

Anthrax Vaccine. Is It Safe. Does It Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA) was licensed in 1970 to provide protection against infection with Bacillus anthracis. AVA was initially administered on a limited basis, primarily to protect veterinarians and workers processing animal products such as hair ...

B. L. Strom J. S. Durch L. L. Zwanziger L. M. Joellenbeck

2002-01-01

194

Living and Working Safely: Challenges for Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers  

PubMed Central

Migrant and seasonal farmworkers are essential to North Carolina agriculture, yet they experience major health risks. This commentary describes the characteristics of North Carolina farmworkers, important hazards they face, and the status of regulatory protections. Finally, it presents a summary of policy needed to protect the health of farmworkers.

Arcury, Thomas A.; Quandt, Sara A.

2012-01-01

195

Returning to work  

MedlinePLUS

... is too hard for you, work with a physical therapist to develop an exercise plan that you can ... lift. You may need to meet with a physical therapist or occupational therapist to learn how to safely ...

196

Safe-haven locking device  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a locking device for eliminating external control of a secured space formed by fixed and movable barriers. The locking device uses externally and internally controlled locksets and a movable strike, operable from the secured side of the movable barrier, to selectively engage either lockset. A disengagement device, for preventing forces from being applied to the lock bolts is also disclosed. In this manner, a secured space can be controlled from the secured side as a safe-haven. 4 figures.

Williams, J.V.

1984-04-26

197

Resource Management for Safe Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safe programming languages offer safety and security fea- tures making them attractive for developing extensible environments on a wide variety of platforms, ranging from large servers all the way down to hand-held devices.Extensible environments facilitate dynamic host- ing of a variety of potentially untrusted codes.This requires mechanisms to guarantee isolation among hosted applications and to control their usage of resources.While

Grzegorz Czajkowski; Jan Vitek

2002-01-01

198

Safe motherhood for women refugees.  

PubMed

A UN refugee agency supported a review that aims to strengthen safe motherhood services for women refugees in northwest Tanzania. The review, which utilized the safe motherhood needs assessment of WHO as a guide, found that antenatal care as well as labor and delivery services were both available and accessible to women in the refugee camps. However, certain aspects of care could be improved by introducing a shorter schedule of visits. Limiting the use of unqualified care providers was also suggested since this practice increases the risk of disability and death. Furthermore, most of the camps tended to neglect postnatal care, and none of them had written guidelines for care of the mother and newborn. However, draft guidelines were formulated as the review progressed. Up-to-date technical information was also given to staff members to maintain quality care. This review of safe motherhood services demonstrates that it is possible to provide good quality services for children and mothers even in difficult situations. Such services do not require enormous financial resources, neither do they require sophisticated technology and highly specialized staff. PMID:12322282

O'heir, J

1999-01-01

199

Practical Tips for the Safe Handling of Micro-organisms in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines safe laboratory procedures for the handling of micro-organisms including aseptic technique, manipulation of cultures, and treatment of contaminated equipment. Identifies the principal hazard as the microbial aerosol, explains its possible effects, and describes the appropriate precautions. (GS)|

Holt, G.

1974-01-01

200

Safe Practice of Cosmetic Dermatology: Avoiding Legal Tangles  

PubMed Central

The present day dermatologists, in addition to conventional skin physicians, are also dermatologic-surgeons and cosmetologists in their practice. The cosmetic procedures have the inherent risk of malpractice litigations leaving an unsatisfied patient and a troublesome lawsuit against the doctor. A MEDLINE search was conducted for article with words such as legal issues and dermatology, malpractice in dermatology, safe practice of cosmetology etc. The selected articles are scrutinized and compiled so as to help the young dermatologists to have a comprehensive overview of safe cosmetology practice. This article aims at sensitizing the young dermatologists for the possible complications and provides an overview of safe practice. It also provides a list of simple routine precautions which helps the dermatologist to avoid unnecessary trips to the courthouse.

Sacchidanand, Sarvajnamurthy A; Bhat, Shilpa

2012-01-01

201

Safe practice of cosmetic dermatology: avoiding legal tangles.  

PubMed

The present day dermatologists, in addition to conventional skin physicians, are also dermatologic-surgeons and cosmetologists in their practice. The cosmetic procedures have the inherent risk of malpractice litigations leaving an unsatisfied patient and a troublesome lawsuit against the doctor. A MEDLINE search was conducted for article with words such as legal issues and dermatology, malpractice in dermatology, safe practice of cosmetology etc. The selected articles are scrutinized and compiled so as to help the young dermatologists to have a comprehensive overview of safe cosmetology practice. This article aims at sensitizing the young dermatologists for the possible complications and provides an overview of safe practice. It also provides a list of simple routine precautions which helps the dermatologist to avoid unnecessary trips to the courthouse. PMID:23112511

Sacchidanand, Sarvajnamurthy A; Bhat, Shilpa

2012-07-01

202

Induction and Decision Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mechanization of inductive reasoning is an exciting research area in artificial intelligence and automated reasoning with many challenges. An overview of our work on mechanizing inductive reasoning based on the cover set method for generating induction schemes from terminating recursive function definitions and using decision procedures is presented. This paper particularly focuses on the recent work on integrating induction into

Deepak Kapur; Mahadevan Subramaniam

2004-01-01

203

Writer`s guide for technical procedures  

SciTech Connect

A primary objective of operations conducted in the US Department of Energy (DOE) complex is safety. Procedures are a critical element of maintaining a safety envelope to ensure safe facility operation. This DOE Writer`s Guide for Technical Procedures addresses the content, format, and style of technical procedures that prescribe production, operation of equipment and facilities, and maintenance activities. The DOE Writer`s Guide for Management Control Procedures and DOE Writer`s Guide for Emergency and Alarm Response Procedures are being developed to assist writers in developing nontechnical procedures. DOE is providing this guide to assist writers across the DOE complex in producing accurate, complete, and usable procedures that promote safe and efficient operations that comply with DOE orders, including DOE Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations for DOE Facilities, and 5480.6, Safety of Department of Energy-Owned Nuclear Reactors.

NONE

1998-12-01

204

How safe are nuclear plants. How safe should they be  

SciTech Connect

It has become customary to think about safety of nuclear plants in terms of risk as defined by the WASH-1400 study that some of the implications for the non-specialist escape our attention. Yet it is known that a rational program to understand safety, to identify unsafe events, and to use this kind of information or analysis to improve safety, requires us to use the methods of quantitative risk assessment. How this process can be made more understandable to a broader group of nontechnical people and how can a wider acceptance of the results of the process be developed have been questions under study and are addressed in this report. These are questions that have been struggled with for some time in the world of nuclear plant safety. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission examined them for several years as it moved toward developing a position on safety goals for nuclear plants, a requirement that had been assigned it by Congress. Opinion was sought from a broad spectrum of individuals, within the field of nuclear power and outside it, on the topic that was popularly called, ''How safe is safe enough.'' Views were solicited on the answer to the question and also on the way the answer should be framed when it was adopted. This report discusses the public policy and its implementation.

Kouts, H.

1988-01-01

205

Simple & Safe Genomic DNA Isolation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A procedure for purifying DNA using either bacteria or rat liver is presented. Directions for doing a qualitative DNA assay using diphenylamine and a quantitative DNA assay using spectroscopy are included. (KR)|

Moss, Robert; Solomon, Sondra

1991-01-01

206

Process inherent, ultimately safe BWR  

SciTech Connect

A new type of boiling water reactor (BWR) with passive safety systems has been conceived - the process inherent, ultimately safe (PIUS) BWR. The reactor core and non-nuclear portion of the plant are similar to current BWR designs, but a special, prestressed concrete reactor vessel (PCRV) with unique internal design replaces most of the nuclear island. A natural circulation PIUS BWR with key components inside the PCRV is described. Forced circulation is an option. The reactor pressure, temperature, and thermal efficiencies match current BWRs.

Forsberg, C.W.

1985-11-01

207

Photodigitizing procedures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report documents procedures and programs for efficiently running the Photo Digitizing System at the Naval Biodynamics Laboratory. Procedures have been tested and have been found to be effective. Any future acquisitions of programs or changes to current programs should be incorporated in these procedures. On-going research programs use high speed instrumentation cameras to record the motion of test subjects during biodynamic experiments. The films are digitized and the 3-dimensional motion is reconstructed and analyzed. Experimental research is performed to determine the effects of aircraft crashes, ship motion, vibration, aircraft ejection and parachute opening forces on the health and performance of Navy personnel.

Kilgore, P. D.; Gottbrath, J. H.

1984-02-01

208

Is pancreaticoduodenectomy with mesentericoportal venous resection safe and worthwhile?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Whether or not superior mesentericoportal venous resection (SM-PVR) associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is safe and worthwhile has not been fully confirmed. The aim of the present study was to investigate results of this surgical procedure performed for pancreatic head and periampullary neoplasms.Methods: As a first analysis, postoperative morbidity and mortality after PD with (n = 31) or without SM-PVR

Philippe Bachellier; Hiroshi Nakano; Jean-Christophe Weber; Karim Boudjema; Daniel Jaeck

2001-01-01

209

Food Safe Families - Check Your Steps  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... The new English and Spanish Food Safe Families PSAs feature specific safe food handling steps and communicate the risk of food poisoning. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/newsevents/constituentupdates

210

Marijuana Not a 'Safe Drug,' Review Finds  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Marijuana Not a 'Safe Drug,' Review Finds Particularly harmful for teens, since it affects ... a "safe drug," particularly for teens, a new review reveals. Researchers found that marijuana (cannabis) could be ...

211

How to Safely Remove a Ring  

MedlinePLUS

... Hand Safety Currently selected Hand Surgeons Agree: Leave Fireworks to the Professionals Keep Your Hands Safe: Follow ... Hand Anatomy Hand Safety Hand Surgeons Agree: Leave Fireworks to the Professionals Keep Your Hands Safe: Follow ...

212

Child Care Provider's Guide to Safe Sleep  

MedlinePLUS

... Guide to Safe Sleep Family Life Listen A Child Care Provider's Guide to Safe Sleep Article Body Did ... Caused By: Immunizations Vomiting or choking What can child care providers do? Follow these guidelines to help protect ...

213

Working hot  

SciTech Connect

The author says ''barehand'' methods, where specially trained utility workers are called in conductive suits to equalize voltage over their bodies, to maintain high-voltage transmission lines are on the rise. Utilities are building lines at higher voltages and selling more power to other utilities, making it highly inconvenient to take the lines out of service. However, some unions view the barehand work with less than enthusiasm. Touching lines energized at hundreds of thousands of volts demands flawless equipment and rigid work procedures followed to the letter. Some local unions contend that adequate safety procedures and training, and appropriate penalties for workplace negligence, should be in place before utilities may do barehand work. The author discusses some of the methods of barehand work and the equipment used, i.e. steel-mesh lineman's suit, bucket truck's boom, helicopters, and robots.

Stix, G.

1988-09-01

214

Writer's Guide for technical procedures  

SciTech Connect

A primary objective throughout the Department of Energy (DOE) complex is that operations be conducted in a deliberate and controlled manner with emphasis upon recognition and maintenance of the facility-specific safety envelope. One critical element of maintaining the safety envelope is procedures. DOE is providing guidance through this and other writer's guides to assist procedure writers across the DOE complex in producing accurate, complete, and usable procedures that promote safe and efficient operations in keeping with such DOE Orders as 5480.19, Conduct of Operations for DOE Facilities'', 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear facilities'', and 5480.6, Safety of Department of Energy-Owned Nuclear Reactors''. This Writer's Guide addresses the content, format, and style of technical procedures (procedures that prescribe production, operation of equipment and facilities, and maintenance activities) and is intended to be applied in a manner appropriate to the individual facility, 15 refs.

Not Available

1991-09-01

215

Development of safe infrared gas lasers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Infrared gas lasers find application in numerous civil and military areas. Such lasers are therefore being developed at different institutions around the world. However, the development of chemical infrared gas lasers such as chemical oxygen iodine lasers (COIL) involves the use of several hazardous chemicals. In order to exploit full potential of these lasers, one must take diligent care of the safety issues associated with the handling of these chemicals and the involved processes. The present paper discusses the safety aspects to be taken into account in the development of these infrared gas lasers including various detection sensors working in conjunction with a customized data acquisition system loaded with safety interlocks for safe operation. The developed safety schemes may also be implemented for CO2 gas dynamic laser (GDL) and hydrogen fluoride-deuterium fluoride (HF-DF) Laser.

Mainuddin; Singhal, Gaurav; Tyagi, R. K.; Maini, A. K.

2013-04-01

216

Primer on tritium safe handling practices  

SciTech Connect

This Primer is designed for use by operations and maintenance personnel to improve their knowledge of tritium safe handling practices. It is applicable to many job classifications and can be used as a reference for classroom work or for self-study. It is presented in general terms for use throughout the DOE Complex. After reading it, one should be able to: describe methods of measuring airborne tritium concentration; list types of protective clothing effective against tritium uptake from surface and airborne contamination; name two methods of reducing the body dose after a tritium uptake; describe the most common method for determining amount of tritium uptake in the body; describe steps to take following an accidental release of airborne tritium; describe the damage to metals that results from absorption of tritium; explain how washing hands or showering in cold water helps reduce tritium uptake; and describe how tritium exchanges with normal hydrogen in water and hydrocarbons.

Not Available

1994-12-01

217

Preparation and Patient Evaluation for Safe Gastrointestinal Endoscopy  

PubMed Central

Patient evaluation and preparation is the first and mandatory step to ensure safety and quality of endoscopic procedures. This begins and ends with identifying the patient, procedure type, and indication. Every patient has the right to be fully informed about risks and benefits of what is to be performed on them, and the medical personnel should respect the decision made by the patients. Thoroughly performed history taking and physical examination will guide the endoscopists to better stratify risk and plan sedation. Special attention should be given to higher-risk patients with higher-risk condition undergoing higher-risk procedures. Making preparations to monitor the patients and being ready to handle emergency situations throughout the endoscopic procedure are sine qua non to warrant safe endoscopy.

Kang, Seong Hee

2013-01-01

218

Developing Safe Schools Partnerships with Law Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safe schools are the concern of communities throughout the world. If a school is safe, and if children feel safe, students are better able to learn. But what are the steps to make this happen? First, it is important to understand the problem: What are the threats to school safety? These include crime-related behaviors that find their way to school

John Rosiak; ICF Macro

219

Students and School Adults: Partners in Keeping Schools Safe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses the important roles that students, school staff and teachers play in keeping the school safe particularly from weapons. The author believes that one way that they do this is by working together to reduce the problem of weapons in school. The role of school staff and teachers extends beyond prevention and…

Gastic, Billie

2010-01-01

220

Preplanning to Close Out the School Year Safely  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on how to prepare and plan for a safe and secure environment for students and staff at the end of a school year or during the summer months. Every individual who works in a school approaches the month of May and the subsequent end-of-school-year tasks with mixed feelings of stress and relief. Although preparations for…

Brunner, Judy; Lewis, Dennis

2005-01-01

221

29 CFR 1915.15 - Maintenance of safe conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EMPLOYMENT Confined and Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres in Shipyard Employment § 1915.15 Maintenance of safe...within a tested confined or enclosed space or other dangerous atmosphere occurs, work in the affected space or area shall be...

2013-07-01

222

When Stakeholders Rebel: Lessons from a Safe Schools Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this essay, we describe our experiences working with a rebellious primary stakeholder, Sylvia, as evaluators of a district-wide safe schools program. Given the breadth of the program and its multiple target constituencies, we were confronted with the challenges of managing a large number of stakeholders, or those individuals and groups that…

Gastic, Billie; Irby, Decoteau J.; Zdanis, Maureen

2008-01-01

223

Safe Motherhood Practices Among Women of Urban Slums in Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the prevalence and factors associated with the utilization of safe motherhood practices of slum dwelling women of Bangladesh using the 2006 Bangladesh Urban Health Survey data. Overall, the utilization of maternal health care services was very low. The binary logistic regression analyses yielded significantly increased risk of skilled services utilization for women with higher education, non-working women,

S. M. Mostafa Kamal

2012-01-01

224

Newsgroups Float Into Safe Harbor, and Copyright Holders Are Sunk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Usenet newsgroups are swiftly becoming a popular vehicle for pirating digital music, movies, books, and other copyrighted works. Meanwhile, courts ignore Usenet’s tremendous potential for copyright infringement. In Ellison v. Robertson, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals found that America Online’s Usenet service might qualify for safe harbor under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. According to the district court below,

Alicia L. Wright

2006-01-01

225

Gas-chromatographic determination of trace sarin and soman in atmospheric air of work zones and inhabited areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

A procedure was developed for the gas-chromatographic determination of sarin and soman in the atmospheric air of work zones\\u000a and inhabited areas at a level of the maximum permissible concentration 2 10?5 and 1 10?5 mg\\/m3 and the tentative safe exposure level 2 10?7 and 1 10?7 mg\\/m3, respectively. The procedure is based on the recovery of sarin and soman

I. N. Stan’kov; S. N. Mylova; A. A. Sergeeva; V. B. Sitnikov; O. T. Morozova; I. D. Derevyagina; N. E. Kuz’mina

2007-01-01

226

Fair Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials are part of the Project Benchmark series designed to teach secondary students about our legal concepts and systems. This unit focuses on individual rights and fair procedures under the law. The materials outline the Bill of Rights, due process guarantees, the right to a fair hearing, fair and unfair trials, search and seizure laws,…

Eaneman, Paulette S.; And Others

227

Time to prioritise safe walking.  

PubMed

This study draws on information from two recently published documents on pedestrian safety and global status of road safety to draw attention to the need to prioritize safe walking in planning and policy at local, national and international levels. The study shows that each year, more than 270 000 pedestrians lose their lives on the world's roads. The study argues that this situation need not persist because proven pedestrian safety interventions exist but do not attract the merit they deserve in many locations. The study further shows that the key risk factors for pedestrian road traffic injury such as vehicle speed, alcohol use by drivers and pedestrians, lack of infrastructure facilities for pedestrians and inadequate visibility of pedestrians are fairly well documented. The study concludes that pedestrian collisions, like all road traffic crashes, should not be accepted as inevitable because they are, in fact, both predictable and preventable. While stressing that reduction or elimination of risks faced by pedestrians is an important and achievable policy goal, the study emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive, holistic approach that includes engineering, enforcement and education measures. PMID:23701478

Toroyan, Tami; Khayesi, Meleckidzedeck; Peden, Margie

2013-01-01

228

Playing It Safe With Eggs  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Wash hands, utensils, equipment, and work surfaces with hot, soapy water before and after they come in contact with eggs and egg-containing ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/resourcesforyou/consumers

229

SafeLine: reporting illegal internet content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the operational framework of SafeLine (www.safeline.gr), the Greek Internet Hotline. SafeLine's mission is to eliminate illegal internet content with emphasis on images of child sexual abuse and to combat against users who encroach on children's rights through illegal internet activities like grooming or cyberbullying. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – SafeLine serves as a

Meltini Christodoulaki; Paraskevi Fragopoulou

2010-01-01

230

Peritonectomy procedures.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: New surgical procedures designed to assist in the treatment of peritoneal surface malignancy were sought. BACKGROUND: Decisions regarding the treatment of cancer depend on the anatomic location of the malignancy and the biologic aggressiveness of the disease. Some patients may have isolated intra-abdominal seeding of malignancy of limited extent or of low biologic grade. In the past, these clinical situations have been regarded as lethal. METHODS: The cytoreductive approach may require six peritonectomy procedures to resect or strip cancer from all intra-abdominal surfaces. RESULTS: These are greater omentectomy-splenectomy; left upper quadrant peritonectomy; right upper quadrant peritonectomy; lesser omentectomy-cholecystectomy with stripping of the omental bursa; pelvic peritonectomy with sleeve resection of the sigmoid colon; and antrectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Peritonectomy procedures and preparation of the abdomen for early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy were described. The author has used the cytoreductive approach to achieve long-term, disease-free survival in selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, peritoneal sarcomatosis or mesothelioma. Images Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 6. Figure 7. Figure 8. Figure 9. Figure 10. Figure 11. Figure 12. Figure 13.

Sugarbaker, P H

1995-01-01

231

Portable automatic eye-safe laser and FLIR test set  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military using commands have needed a light-weight, portable, eye safe flight line laser and FLIR tester for many years. The only alternatives have been to remove the equipment from the aircraft (or other vehicles) and testing in a controlled area or fly to a controlled area. Otherwise, the pilot/WSO really doesn't know whether he has a good or bad laser until after engaging the target. Hughes Aircraft Company has developed a unique eye-safe, portable, flight line tester utilizing mostly proprietary components featuring folded type optics. This new device permits automatic end-to-end testing of E/O weapon systems. The design highlights the use of modules which permit reconfiguration of the tester to have multiweapon application. In this paper the basic testing concepts are described, and illustrations are presented to describe the testing procedures.

Frank, J. D.; Peterson, W. E.

232

Endoscopic cochlear implant procedure.  

PubMed

The objective was to asses the feasibility of the endoscopic technique for cochlear implant (CI) positioning avoiding mastoidectomy and to discuss the benefits and drawbacks of the technique. The study design is a surgical procedure description and prospective case series report. From December 2011 to October 2012, six patients underwent endoscopic CI. All cases were selected based on CT and MRI studies. All surgical steps were analyzed; intra-and post-operative complications were noted. The length of time for each surgical procedure was recorded. The surgical procedure was described step by step focusing on the anatomy of the round window (RW) niche, analyzing the critical point during the dissection. The timing of the surgical procedures was 120 ± 21 (mean ± SD) min. In 1/6 patients, intra-operative injury of the chorda tympani occurred. In all cases, an endoscopic identification was performed and the anatomical details of the RW niche were noted. In 6/6 cases, a RW niche magnification was performed endoscopically. 5/6 cases showed a normal conformation of the RW. In 1/6 patients, obliteration of the RW niche was found. In 4/6 patients, an endoscopic cochleostomy through the RW was performed. In 1/6 patients, a difficult insertion of the array was observed. The current follow-up is 7.3 months (SD ± 3.7). No post-operative short- or long-term complications were noted in this series. Endoscopic CI is a safe and viable technique with a low rate of complications and with good outcomes. PMID:23595616

Marchioni, Daniele; Grammatica, Alberto; Alicandri-Ciufelli, Matteo; Genovese, Elisabetta; Presutti, Livio

2013-04-18

233

How Safe Are Pension Funds?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Governors and legislators are looking for ways to help offset budget deficits, and the public pension funds that cover working and retired school employees are tempting targets. Discusses problems in a number of states, pros and cons of federal regulation, calculating retirement benefits, and how pension funds are controlled. (MLF)|

Taylor, Jay

1991-01-01

234

On the accuracy of statistical procedures in Microsoft Excel 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Excel 2007, like its predecessors, fails a standard set of intermediate-level accuracy tests in three areas: statistical distributions, random number generation, and estimation. Additional errors in specific Excel procedures are discussed. Microsoft’s continuing inability to correctly fix errors is discussed. No statistical procedure in Excel should be used until Microsoft documents that the procedure is correct; it is not safe

B. D. Mccullough; David A. Heiser

2008-01-01

235

Anesthesia and sedation in pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedure has become an essential modality for evaluation and treatment of GI diseases. Intravenous (IV) sedation and General Anesthesia (GA) have both been employed to minimize discomfort and provide amnesia. Both these procedures require, at the very least, monitoring of the level of consciousness, pulmonary ventilation, oxygenation and hemodynamics. Although GI endoscopy is considered safe, the procedure

Abdul Q Dar; Zahoor A Shah; Sheri Kashmir; Kazuki Sumiyama; Nishi Shinbashi; Shah Z. A. Anesthesia

2010-01-01

236

Safe Homes: Is It Worth the Cost?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

.001). Conclusion:: Improvements in outcomes related to continuity of care can be attained through staff training. The SAFE Home model of care is not cost-effective for first-time placements.Objective:: To evaluate the SAFE Homes (SH) program, a short-term group care program for children between 3 and 12 years of age who enter care for the first…

DeSena, A.D.; Murphy, R.A.; Douglas-Palumberi, H.; Blau, G.; Kelly, B.; Horwitz, S.M.; Kaufman, J.

2005-01-01

237

Virus Alert: Ten Steps to Safe Computing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses computer viruses and explains how to detect them; discusses virus protection and the need to update antivirus software; and offers 10 safe computing tips, including scanning floppy disks and commercial software, how to safely download files from the Internet, avoiding pirated software copies, and backing up files. (LRW)

Gunter, Glenda A.

1997-01-01

238

Tips for a Safe and Healthy Life  

MedlinePLUS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Tips for a Safe and Healthy Life Take steps every day to live a safe and healthy life. Eat healthy. • Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains every day. • Limit foods and ...

239

Safe actinide disposition in molten salt reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safe molten salt reactors (MSR) can readily accommodate the burning of all fissile actinides. Only minor compromises associated with plutonium are required. The MSRs can dispose safely of actinides and long lived isotopes to result in safer and simpler waste. Disposing of actinides in MSRs does increase the source term of a safety optimized MSR. It is concluded that the

Gat

1997-01-01

240

National Evaluation of the Safe Kids/Safe Streets Program: Final Report. Volume 2. Case Studies of the Safe Kids/Safe Streets Demonstration Sites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many studies suggest that child abuse and neglect are risk factors for the development of juvenile delinquency and other problem behaviors. The Safe Kids/Safe Streets (SK/SS) program is designed to break the cycle by funding community collaboratives to un...

D. Schultz F. Gragg K. Eisen R. Cronin

2004-01-01

241

Which immunizations are safe for HIV patients?  

Microsoft Academic Search

his article comes as the result of a phone call regarding immunizations and HIV. The caller was interested in knowing which vaccines were safe for HIV patients. Immunizations have been a source of confusion among clinicians, particularly those responsible for the care of HIV-infected patients. Questions remain regarding which vaccines are safe and which vaccines are contraindicated in certain circumstances.

Sheryl Thornton

242

"Safe Spaces": Reflections on an Educational Metaphor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Looks at the familiar, though largely undiscussed, figure of educational discourse, "safe space." Shows "safe space" to be an emerging metaphor for classroom life through an examination of four instances of usage. Offers a hopeful response to pervasive concerns about individual isolation in an increasingly stressful and pluralistic world. (DSK)|

Boostrom, Robert

1998-01-01

243

Safe Haven Laws as "Crime Control Theater"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: This article examines safe haven laws, which allow parents to legally abandon their infants. The main objective is to determine whether safe haven laws fit the criteria of "crime control theater", a term used to describe public policies that produce the appearance, but not the effect, of crime control, and as such are essentially…

Hammond, Michelle; Miller, Monica K.; Griffin, Timothy

2010-01-01

244

Laparoscopic Duhamel procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Between February 1995 and June 1998, 30 laparoscopic Duhamel pull-through procedures were performed in our department.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: Our main aim was to prove the feasibility of the laparoscopic abdominal Duhamel procedure for different localizations of\\u000a Hirschsprung disease. We used one camera port and three working ports. The sigmoid colon and posterior rectum were mobilized\\u000a laparoscopically. A standard posterior colo-anal

P. de Lagausie; D. Berrebi; G. Geib; G. Sebag; Y. Aigrain

1999-01-01

245

Diamond Raman laser in eye safe region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this work was the external cavity CVD diamond Raman laser generating at wavelength of 1.63 ?m which belongs to an eye safe region. As the Raman medium a sample of CVD grown single diamond crystal was used. The crystal was grown in the [100] direction and after cutting, the sample sides were formed by {110} planes. The diamond crystal sample dimensions were 5 mm × 5 mm × 2 mm and it had no anti-reflection coatings. As a pumping radiation source the compact Q-switched Nd:YAP laser operating at the wavelength 1.34 ?m was used. The pulse duration was 12 ns. This pumping radiation was focused by the lens (f = 250 mm) perpendicularly on the diamond crystal face. The beam radius inside the crystal was 180 ?m. The 15 mm long Raman laser resonator was formed by a pumping mirror (HR @ 1.63 ?m and T = 97 % @ 1.34 ?m) and an output coupler (R = 95 % @ 1.63 ?m, r = 500 mm). The maximum generated laser output energy was 18 ?J @ 1.63 ?m for the pumping energy of 3.35 mJ corresponding to the conversion efficiency of 0.5 %. The output spatial beam profile corresponds to the fundamental Gaussian beam in both axes.

Jelinková, Helena; Kitzler, Ond?ej; Jelínek, Michal; Šulc, Jan; N?mec, Michal; Kube?ek, Václav

2011-09-01

246

Interactive eLearning - a safe place to practice.  

PubMed

Interactive web-based learning environment offers refreshing opportunities to create innovative solutions to explore and exploit informatics support on-the-job training. We report from a study where a hospital is created a interactive eLearning resource. The modules are creating a safe place to practice - to be used for introduction to the work and preparation for certification or re-certification of competencies. PMID:19593010

Einarson, Elisabeth; Moen, Anne; Kolberg, Ragnhild; Flingtorp, Gry; Linnerud, Eva

2009-01-01

247

False Forward-Looking Statements and the PSLRA's Safe Harbor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voluntary public disclosure of soft information—corporate projections and predictions and other forward-looking statements—is now the norm, following a brief learning curve after the enactment of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act’s safe harbor for forward-looking information in 1995. As a consequence, allegations of false forward-looking statements are also quite standard in today’s class action securities fraud pleading. This work addresses

Ann Morales Olazabal

2011-01-01

248

IRS offers safe harbor in physician employment contracts.  

PubMed

Last year, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued Revenue Procedure 93-19 (Rev. Proc. 93-19), which provides guidelines regarding service and other contracts involving facilities financed with tax-exempt bonds. Rev. Proc. 93-19 creates four "safe harbors" for certain contracts signed by tax-exempt organizations that will not jeopardize the organizations' tax-exempt bond interest. Those guidelines and methods for complying with them are the subject of the following article. "Health Law" is a regular feature of Physician Executive contributed by Epstein Becker & Green. Mark Lutes of the law firm's Washington, D.C., offices serves as editor of the column. PMID:10132546

Reaves, C F

1994-03-01

249

Project Management Plan to Maintain Safe and Compliant Conditions at the Plutonium Finishing Plant.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This plan presents the overall description, mission, work scope, and planning for the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) Maintain Safe and Compliant Conditions Project at PFP. This project includes all tasks required to maintain the safety boundary for the P...

G. J. Cox

1999-01-01

250

United States Postal Service Commission on a Safe and Secure Workplace.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On October 6, 1998, Postmaster General William J. Henderson established the United States Postal Service Commission on A Safe and Secure Work-place. The Postmaster General charged the Commission to 'detail concrete steps which the Postal Service can take ...

2000-01-01

251

12 CFR 7.2000 - Corporate governance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

A national bank proposing to engage in a corporate governance procedure shall comply with applicable Federal banking statutes and regulations, and safe and sound banking practices. (b) Other sources of...

2009-01-01

252

12 CFR 7.2000 - Corporate governance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

A national bank proposing to engage in a corporate governance procedure shall comply with applicable Federal banking statutes and regulations, and safe and sound banking practices. (b) Other sources of...

2010-01-01

253

Phased Startup Initiative Phase 3/4 Test Procedure (OCRWM).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this test procedure is to safely operate the Fuel Retrieval System (FRS) and Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) with specific fuel canisters, and show that canisters containing fuel can be retrieved from the canister queue, decapped i...

A. L. Pajunen J. W. Neskas

2000-01-01

254

Capacity building in safe nanotechnologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In all places where engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) are produced, used or handled, adequate workplace safety precautions should be implemented due to the protection of workers and the surrounding environment. Any possible accidental release of ENPs should be evaluated. Thereby detected potential risks have to be eliminated as far as possible. An implemented reasonable safety culture in each ENP-related company will help to meet this challenge. Different infrastructures and workplace design can help to reduce the risk of an accidentally contact of the workers with ENPs: Transferable examples will be shown from the semiconductor and life-science Industry. These systems like clean rooms, glove boxes, fume cupboards, filter and suction systems and other restricted area barrier access systems (RABS) are mainly being developed to protect sensitive products, but they can also be used to protect working personnel. Clean environments regarding airborne particulate contaminations can be classified according to ISO 14644-1. A short insight into this ISO-classification will be given. But overall, a simple and reasonable workplace and workflow organization will reduce the risk of an accidental release of ENPs largely. This may lead to a therefore necessary adaption of existing workflow patterns. The workers have to get aware about the potential risks! This can be done with appropriate education materials, leaflets, posters and brochures. These are some of the later outcomes from the NanoDevice dissemination and handbook work package.

Keller, Markus; Gommel, Udo

2011-07-01

255

HIV and safe, healthy sex.  

PubMed

If a woman wants to become pregnant, how can she reduce her risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections? When a young man is growing up and worried about his future, how can you expect him to be concerned about HIV? Many HIV prevention projects focus on HIV and other sexually transmitted infections without considering people's broader reproductive and sexual health concerns. HIV prevention depends on people being able to make choices about their sexual behavior. This means understanding how their bodies work, knowing what choices are available to them, and having the confidence and skills to discuss and make changes in their sexual and reproductive lives. HIV educators, family planning workers, youth counselors, and others need to be able to respond to a range of questions and concerns in a sensitive and supportive way. This special, double issue of AIDS Action provides basic facts about the reproductive system, fertility, sexually transmitted infections and contraception, and looks at the links between HIV, sex, and reproduction. Talking about sex can be difficult. Sex is a private matter and people often feel embarrassed talking about it. This issue also contains tips for communication and activities to find out what people know already and help them learn. You may find that not everything in this issue is necessary for the people you are working with. This is a 'pick and mix' issue for you to pick out what is useful, adapting it if you wish. PMID:12348237

256

Inquiring Safely: A Guide for Middle School Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Not your average safety guide, Inquiring Safely is a uniquely readable resource from experienced teachers who know both middle school science content and how middle school students behave. The authors go beyond the standard rules and regulations to discuss safety concepts in the context of real classrooms--and to help you make students your partners-in-safety within an inquiry-based science curriculum. New and veteran teachers alike can use Inquiring Safely to develop better approaches to equip labs, dispose of chemicals and other hazardous materials, maintain documentation, and organize field trips. Some chapters cover specific disciplines, such as physical science, chemistry, Earth science, and biology. Others deal with general topics such as supervising students' online activities, accommodating students with special needs, and working with volunteers. Special features include an unusually detailed index plus model student contracts and permission forms. Like Exploring Safely: A Guide for Elementary Teachers, this essential book emphasizes a preventive approach to an up-to-date range of potential hazards. Given increased scrutiny of teaching practices and growing concerns about liability, Inquiring Safely belongs on the reference shelf of every middle school science teacher.

Texley, Juliana; Kwan, Terry

2003-01-01

257

Safe actinide disposition in molten salt reactors  

SciTech Connect

Safe molten salt reactors (MSR) can readily accommodate the burning of all fissile actinides. Only minor compromises associated with plutonium are required. The MSRs can dispose safely of actinides and long lived isotopes to result in safer and simpler waste. Disposing of actinides in MSRs does increase the source term of a safety optimized MSR. It is concluded that the burning and transmutation of actinides in MSRs can be done in a safe manner. Development is needed for the processing to handle and separate the actinides. Calculations are needed to establish the neutron economy and the fuel management. 9 refs.

Gat, U.

1997-03-01

258

Design procedure prevents PE pipe rupture  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rupture prevention design procedure for plastic gas distribution pipe is nearing completion at Southwest Research Institute (SWRI). Given the pipe size, polyethylene (PE) resin, and minimum operating temperature, the maximum safe operating pressure can be determined for which rapid crack propagation (RCP) cannot occur. A computer program, called PFRAC, has been developed for this purpose and uses Charpy energy

Grigory

1995-01-01

259

Making embedded software reuse practical and safe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reuse of application software has been limited and sometimes has led to accidents. This paper suggests some requirements for successful and safe application software reuse and demonstrates them using a case study on a real spacecraft.

Nancy G. Leveson; Kathryn Anne Weiss

2004-01-01

260

Making embedded software reuse practical and safe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reuse of application software has been limited and some- times has led to accidents. This paper suggests some re- quirements for successful and safe application software reuse and demonstrates them using a case study on a real space- craft.

Nancy G. Leveson; Kathryn Anne Weiss

2004-01-01

261

Scandinavia Study Finds HPV Vaccine Safe  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Scandinavia study finds HPV vaccine safe (*this news item will not be available ... girls in Denmark and Sweden, the human papillomavirus vaccine was not linked to short- or long-term ...

262

Design Packing to Safely Mail Raw Spaghetti  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use their creative skills to determine a way to safely mail raw (dry, uncooked) spaghetti using only the provided materials. To test the packing designs, the spaghetti is mailed through the postal system and evaluated after delivery.

Center For Engineering Educational Outreach

263

Program increasing of nuclear power plant safeness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results achieved within the project of national task 'Program increasing of nuclear power plant safeness' are presented in the document. The project was aimed to extend and deepen activities relating to safety increase of nuclear power units WWER-440 ...

M. Stubna

1999-01-01

264

Making TV Environmentally Safe for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Maintains that adults--particularly parents and teachers--need to create a networking system to examine and question the impact of children's television programing on children in an effort to make the television environment safe for young viewers. (BB)|

Maldonado, Nancy S.

1992-01-01

265

33 CFR 401.63 - Radio procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Radio procedures. 401.63 Section...REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Radio Communications § 401.63 Radio procedures. Every vessel...number Sector limits Call in Work Listeningwatch Seaway...

2013-07-01

266

33 CFR 401.63 - Radio procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Radio procedures. 401.63 Section...REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Radio Communications § 401.63 Radio procedures. Every vessel...number Sector limits Call in Work Listeningwatch Seaway...

2010-07-01

267

Creating a culture of safety for safe patient handling.  

PubMed

Healthcare workers who handle patients have little guidance to help them identify when to use the existing equipment for moving patients. Manual lifting of patients and healthcare worker injuries continue despite equipment installation and training. The purpose of this project was to decrease the number and severity of healthcare worker injuries by implementing a culture of safety for safe patient handling. A multicomponent safe patient handling program was deployed on one inpatient unit at a Midwest academic acute care hospital. There was a 36% decrease in the number of patient handling injuries, a 71% reduction in the number of lost work days, and a 60% reduction in costs in 1 year related to patient handling injuries. The RN Satisfaction Survey question regarding having enough help to lift/move on last shift improved from 41% presurvey to 69% postsurvey. PMID:23695761

Stevens, Linda; Rees, Susan; Lamb, Karen V; Dalsing, Deborah

268

Standardization work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For several years now, the main civil aircraft manufacturers (Airbus and its partners, Boeing, Fokker, McDonnell Douglas) have been working jointly on the writing of technical recommendations and the drawing up of an international standard. This work concerns the evaluation of the processes and products used to strip aeronautical paint systems. This procedure was initiated on request from the main airlines. In effect, the airlines are faced with situations in which the financial and operational objectives are becoming increasingly important. The need was felt to rationalize and, if possible, harmonize the criteria and technical requirements of the various civil aircraft manufacturers in order to facilitate in-service maintenance of the fleets of airlines operating Airbus, Boeing, Douglas aircraft, etc.

Malavallon, Olivier

1995-04-01

269

Interventional spine procedures in athletes.  

PubMed

Back pain is common in athletes and a source of missed time from practice and competition. Pain generators include muscle (strain), ligament (myofascial sprain and strain), intervertebral disc (herniation and degeneration), nerve (radiculopathy), joint (facet and sacroiliac (SI) joint), and bones (pars interarticularis defect). The goal of treatment of an athlete with back pain is to relieve symptoms and facilitate safe but rapid return to play with no change in performance. Initial conservative treatment includes relative rest, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical therapy. The use of interventional spine procedures in athletes with back pain has gained popularity as a nonoperative treatment option. Although there is lack of high-quality evidence of these procedures specifically in athletes, this article will discuss the utility of selective nerve root blocks, epidural steroid injections, intradiscal injections, pars interarticularis injection, facet joint interventions (intraarticular injection, medial branch block, and radiofrequency neurotomy), and SI joint interventions (intraarticular injection and radiofrequency neurotomy). PMID:23147023

Petron, David J; Prideaux, Cara C; Likness, Lincoln

270

Continuous intravenous versus bolus parenteral midazolam: a safe technique for conscious sedation in plastic surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conscious intravenous sedation is a safe alternative method to general anaesthesia. We have used a technique of continuously titrated, as opposed to incremental boluses of, intravenous or intramuscular midazolam for conscious sedation, with tumescent adrenaline-lignocaine solution for local anaesthesia, routinely in 421 plastic surgical procedures between 1997 and 2000. All patients were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I or

A. Bayat; G. Arscott

2003-01-01

271

50 CFR 216.91 - Dolphin-safe labeling standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dolphin-safe labeling standards. 216.91 Section...THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling § 216.91 Dolphin-safe labeling standards. (a)...

2010-10-01

272

50 CFR 216.91 - Dolphin-safe labeling standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Dolphin-safe labeling standards. 216.91 Section...THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling § 216.91 Dolphin-safe labeling standards. (a)...

2009-10-01

273

Safe Communities--Safe Schools: Safe School Planning and Law Related Issues. A Tool for Community Violence Prevention Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nationwide, schools, communities, parents and students recognize the continuing need to make schools a safe place, an environment where children can learn without fear for their safety. In the past few years, the available research on violence prevention has increased, providing legislators with important information about effective violence…

Elliott, Delbert S.; Grady, Jane M.; Heys, Landa; Ntepp, Rhonda; Williams, Susan

2002-01-01

274

A Simple and Safe Extracorporeal Knotting Technique  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Extracorporeal knotting in laparoscopic surgery can be used in certain situations or as a bridge to mastering more technically demanding intracorporeal suturing. We describe a simple, easy, and safe extracorporeal knotting technique. Technique Description: A simple knotting technique, borrowed from the art of tatting, is used. Discussion: This very simple and safe technique has been successfully followed in more than 50 cases for tying an extracorporeal knot. Its advantage is that any number of additional knots can be tied and easily slid down in a single maneuver.

Kothari, Reena; Somashekar, Uday; Singh Thakur, Dileep; Kumar, Vinod

2012-01-01

275

Drilling Fluids - Operating Procedure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Operation procedures for handling of drilling fluids; Procedure for making up initial salt water mud; Displacement of salt water system with fresh water; Procedure for adding oil to system; Making up new oil emulsion drilling fluid; Procedure fo...

1964-01-01

276

National Evaluation of the Safe Kids/Safe Streets Program: Final Report. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many studies suggest that child abuse and neglect are risk factors for the development of juvenile delinquency and other problem behaviors. The Safe Kids/Safe Streets (SK/SS) program is designed to break the cycle by funding community collaboratives to un...

D. Schultz F. Gragg K. Eisen R. Cronin

2004-01-01

277

"Safe Schools within Safe Communities: A Regional Summit in the Heartland." Policy Briefs Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the proceedings of a regional policy seminar hosted by the Iowa Department of Education with support from the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL) and the Midwest Regional Center for Drug-Free Schools and Communities (MRC). The seminar, "Safe Schools Within Safe Communities," was held on September 19-20,…

Huertas, Aurelio, Jr.; Sullivan, Carol

278

"Safe Schools within Safe Communities: A Regional Summit in the Heartland." Policy Briefs Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report documents the proceedings of a regional policy seminar hosted by the Iowa Department of Education with support from the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL) and the Midwest Regional Center for Drug-Free Schools and Communities (MRC). The seminar, "Safe Schools Within Safe Communities," was held on September 19-20,…

Huertas, Aurelio, Jr.; Sullivan, Carol

279

Findings from the Safe Kids/Safe Streets National Evaluation: KIDSAFE, Kansas City, Missouri.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many studies suggest that child abuse and neglect are risk factors for the development of juvenile delinquency and other problem behaviors. The Safe Kids/Safe Streets (SK/SS) program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justices Office of Justice Programs...

2005-01-01

280

What promotes sustainability in Safe Community programmes?  

PubMed Central

Background The theory and practice of safety promotion has traditionally focused on the safety of individuals. This study also includes systems, environments, and organizations. Safety promotion programmes are designed to support community health initiatives taking a bottom-up approach. This is a long-term and complex process. The aim of this study was to try to empirically identify factors that promote sustainability in the structures of programmes that are managed and coordinated by the local government. Methods Four focus group sessions with local government politicians and administrators in designated Safe Communities were conducted and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Collaboration was found to be the basis for sustainability. Networks, enabling municipalities to exchange ideas, were reported to positively influence the programmes. Personal contacts rather than organizations themselves, determine whether collaboration is sustained. Participants reported an increase in cross-disciplinary collaboration among staff categories. Administrators and politicians were reported to collaborate well, which was perceived to speed up decision-making and thus to facilitate the programme work. Support from the politicians and the county council was seen as a prerequisite. Participants reported an increased willingness to share information between units, which, in their view, supports sustainability. A structure in which all local authorities' offices were located in close proximity to one another was considered to support collaboration. Appointing a public health coordinator responsible for the programme was seen as a way to strengthen the relational resources of the programme. Conclusion With a public health coordinator, the 'external' negotiating power was concentrated in one person. Also, the 'internal' programme strength increased when the coordination was based on a bureaucratic function rather than on one individual. Increased relational resources facilitated the transfer of information. A regular flow of information to policy-makers, residents, and staff was needed in order to integrate safety programmes into routines. Adopting a bottom-up approach requires that informal and ad hoc activities in information management be replaced by formalized, organizationally sanctioned routines. In contrast to injury prevention, which focuses on technical solutions, safety promotion tries to influence attitudes. Collaboration with the media was an area that could be improved.

Nordqvist, Cecilia; Timpka, Toomas; Lindqvist, Kent

2009-01-01

281

A procedure to predict solid particle erosion in elbows and tees  

Microsoft Academic Search

A semi-empirical procedure has been developed for predicting erosion rates in pipe geometries, such as elbows and tees. The procedure can be used to estimate safe operating conditions and velocities in oil and gas production where sand is present. In the proposed procedure, a concept is introduced that allows determination of erosion rate for different pipe geometries. In the procedure,

S. A. Shirazi; J. R. Shadley; B. S. McLaury; E. F. Rybicki

1995-01-01

282

Towards Analytic Solutions of Step-Wise Safe Switching for Known Affine-Linear Models  

SciTech Connect

In the present work we establish conditions which guarantee safe transitions for the closed-loop system produced by the application of the Step-Wise Safe Switching control approach to an affine linear system when the nonlinear description of the plant is known. These conditions are based on the local Input to State Stability (ISS) properties of the nonlinear system around the plant's nominal operating points.

Koumboulis, Fotis N.; Tzamtzi, Maria P. [Department of Automation, Halkis Institute of Technology, 34400 Psahna, Evia (Greece)

2008-09-17

283

[Endoscopic percutaneous gastrostomy with gastropexy: a safe technical choice].  

PubMed

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is an interesting method of providing enteral nutrition or gastric decompression in patients who are candidates for operative gastrostomy or nasoenteric tube feeding. We report our experience with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy with gastropexy (Introducer T-Fastener) in 41 patients. This method uses a technique in which the anterior gastric wall is non-surgically sutured to the anterior abdominal wall before catheter insertion. This technique was successful in all patients, including one subject with a Billroth II hemigastrectomy. Enteral nutrition was started in all cases within 24 hours of the end of the procedure. The medium enteral nutrition period to date is 482.5 days. There were no deaths related to the procedure and no patients had major specific abdominal complications requiring urgent surgical repair. Eight patients complained of minor specific complications which were successfully resolved in all cases with simple conservative procedures and/or therapies. These results indicate that the Introducer T-Fastener method for performing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is rapid, safe, and inexpensive. PMID:11723896

Paganelli, M T; Antonini, G; Correnti, F S; Mercati, U

284

Campaign Safe & Sober. Youth & Generation X Planner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains information on safe and sober driving for members of Generation X. The packet includes information on "Buckle Up America! Week 1998," which was designed to encourage everyone on the road to use seat belts and child safety seats and to use them properly. It also offers a safety city brochure and multiple program materials…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

285

SAFE FOOD MULTI-YEAR PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The Safe Food Research Program, developed in response to the passage of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA), builds on earlier research to reduce scientific uncertainty in risk assessment. Research results will provide data needed to develop refined aggregate and cumulative ri...

286

Creating a Safe and Positive Classroom Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To insure that each child has a safe and positive environment at school, teachers should earn their pupils' respect and classroom activities should be oriented to helping each child succeed. Three key phrases reinforce the expectation of success. These phrases, which teacher and pupils should understand and remember, are: (1) It is O.K. to make a…

White, Kimberly A.

287

Safe motherhood program evaluation: theory and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debate on the evaluation of safe motherhood programs has mainly focused on the outcome or process measure to be used. Less attention is paid to the application of different approaches to evaluation. This article reviews current theories of evaluation and provides examples of the extent to which these theories have been applied in the actual practice of evaluation. Most evaluations

Lesley Milne; Graham Scotland; Nargiz Tagiyeva-Milne; Julia Hussein

2004-01-01

288

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOEpatents

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process.

Herring, J. Stephen (Idaho Falls, ID)

1993-01-01

289

Submerged passively-safe power plant  

DOEpatents

The invention as presented consists of a submerged passively-safe power station including a pressurized water reactor capable of generating at least 600 MW of electricity, encased in a double hull vessel, and provides fresh water by using the spent thermal energy in a multistage flash desalination process. 8 figures.

Herring, J.S.

1993-09-21

290

Disabled Children: The Right to Feel Safe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the fundamental right of disabled children to feel safe and be free from bullying, harassment and abuse. The article proposes that, 20 years since the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, disabled children are still facing barriers to securing this right. The article focuses on recent Mencap research that…

Mepham, Sarah

2010-01-01

291

Safeness of Make-Based Incremental Recompilation  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The make program is widely used in the software industry to reduce compilation time in large projects make skips source les that would have compiled to the same result as in the previous build (Or so it is hoped, at least ) The crucial issue of safeness of omitting a full build - from - scratch is ad -

2002-01-01

292

Safe Abortion: A Right for Refugees?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thanks to initiatives since 1994, most reproductive health programmes for refugee women now include family planning and safe delivery care. Emergency contraception and post-abortion care for complications of unsafe abortion are recommended, but provision of these services has lagged behind, while services for women who wish to terminate an unwanted pregnancy are almost non-existent. Given conditions in refugee settings, including

Aimee Lehmann

2002-01-01

293

Is It Safe to Drink the Water?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout history, societies have been predicated on ready access to sources of drinking water, whether in the cisterns of Masada high above the Dead Sea, the graceful aqueducts carrying water into Rome, or the sacred Aboriginal water holes in Australia’s outback. But access is not enough. The water has to be safe to drink. And this presupposes a deceptively simple

James Salzman

2009-01-01

294

Safe Schools: What the Southeast Is Doing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Virtually no school is safe from violence. FBI statistics, which show that juvenile crimes actually peaked during the mid-1970s, are at odds with the public perception that crime rates among young people are at an all-time high. The FBI acknowledges, however, that the crimes committed by young people tend to be more serious than in the past, and…

SERVE Policy Brief, 1996

1996-01-01

295

Dermarob: A safe robot for reconstructive surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel and safe robotic system for skin harvesting, the first one in reconstructive surgery. It is intended to significantly improve the performance of surgeons who do not regularly perform this operation; the tool, called dermatome, is mounted at the tip of a dedicated robot that precisely controls the pressure on the skin and the harvesting velocity.

Etienne Dombre; Gilles Duchemin; Philippe Poignet; François Pierrot

2003-01-01

296

Safe Schools for the Roller Coaster Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic ups and downs so often witnessed in adolescents are the result of changes in their brain activity. It is vital that the emotional and psychological needs that arise from such intense brain development are acknowledged and addressed so that middle school becomes a safe environment for the budding adults.

Inlay, Linda

2005-01-01

297

Intravenous iron sucrose: Establishing a safe dose  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now recognized that the majority of patients on epoetin therapy require intravenous (IV) iron supplementation to maximize the response to treatment. Of the IV iron preparations available, iron sucrose has proved its efficacy and safety; however, there are no guidelines or systematic studies examining the optimum safe dosage regimen for this compound. The aim of the present study

Georgina Chandler; Jatinder Harchowal; Iain C. Macdougall

2001-01-01

298

Viability and predictive control for safe locomotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of safe locomotion of legged and wheeled robots, when trying to avoid falling, tipping over or hitting obstacles, appears to be a problem of viability and not of Lyapunov stability. Theoretically speaking, viability and Model Predictive Control are unquestionably related, but both can quickly lead to untractable numerical problems. We present here a promising approach for the problem

Pierre-brice Wieber

2008-01-01

299

Expedition 25 Crew Lands Safely in Kazakhstan  

NASA Video Gallery

Expedition 25 Soyuz Commander Fyodor Yurchikhin, NASA International Space Station Commander Doug Wheelock and NASA Flight Engineer Shannon Walker landed safely on the steppe of Kazakhstan on Nov. 26, 2010, Kazakhstan time. They are shown being assisted by Russian personnel into reclining chairs to begin their adaptation to gravity after being extracted from their capsule.

Jim Wilson

2010-11-26

300

Disabled Children: The Right to Feel Safe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the fundamental right of disabled children to feel safe and be free from bullying, harassment and abuse. The article proposes that, 20 years since the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, disabled children are still facing barriers to securing this right. The article focuses on recent Mencap research that…

Mepham, Sarah

2010-01-01

301

Safe Sex in Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the fact that gay and bisexual male college students know about safe sex practices, they are often not using them, according to a recent survey. The study of about 20,500 blood samples on 35 college and university campuses shows a high rate of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection, with men 22 times as likely as women to test…

Shea, Christopher

1994-01-01

302

Safe abortion services in Nepal: some insights  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to ascertain the reasons that l ead women to abortion and assess the extent of the involvement of their husband or male partner in the pregnancy decision making. A total 304 of women who received safe abortion services during the eigh t-month period from 8 clinics of Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN) constitute the sample s

Nirmal Duwadi; Paban Sun Shrestha

303

Modular HTGR - a safe nuclear energy option  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States is on a course to preserve the nuclear option via a new generation of advanced reactors. However, before the second nuclear era can be launched successfully, nuclear energy must be perceived as safe, environmentally sound, economically attractive. To gain the necessary political acceptance and public support, the new generation of reactors must exhibit enhanced safety characteristics and

R. A. Dean; W. A. Simon; J. D. Wistrom

1993-01-01

304

Altcare: Safe living for elderly people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elderly people are the most growing segment of the population. Most of the elderly people like to live an independent life at their own homes in a familiar environment. Living alone is not always safe, and often emergency situations like a fall and unconsciousness occur. We present an ambient assistant living system Altcare, based on static network video cameras. The

Muhammad Shoaib; Tobias Elbrandt; Ralf Dragon; Jarn Ostermann

2010-01-01

305

Witnessing a natural, safe, and healthy birth.  

PubMed

In this column, the editor of The Journal of Perinatal Education discusses her experience witnessing a natural, safe, and healthy home birth. The editor also describes the contents of this issue, which offer a broad range of resources, research, and inspiration for childbirth educators in their efforts to promote normal birth. PMID:19750213

Budin, Wendy C

2009-01-01

306

Campaign Safe & Sober. Youth & Generation X Planner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains information on safe and sober driving for members of Generation X. The packet includes information on "Buckle Up America! Week 1998," which was designed to encourage everyone on the road to use seat belts and child safety seats and to use them properly. It also offers a safety city brochure and multiple program materials…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

307

Multisensor terrain classification for safe spacecraft landing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel multi-sensor information fusion methodology for intelligent terrain classification is presented. The focus of this research is to analyze safety characteristics of the terrain using imagery data obtained by on-board sensors during spacecraft descent. This information can be used to enable the spacecraft to land safely on a planetary surface. The focus of our approach is on robust terrain

AYANNA HOWARD; HOMAYOUN SERAJI

2004-01-01

308

Simple software cost analysis: safe or unsafe?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delta estimation uses changes to old projects to estimate new projects. Delta estimation assumes that new costs can be extrapolated from old projects. In this study, we show that in certain real-world data sets. there exists attributes where this assumption does not hold. We define here an automatic method to find which attributes can be safely used for delta estimation.

Tim Menzies; Dan Port; Zhihao Chen; Jairus Hihn

2005-01-01

309

What Would It Take to Feel Safe?  

Microsoft Academic Search

What would it take to make people feel safe? What message will those who would wage peace offer to this beleaguered planet? There is indeed a threat. I will call that threat terrorist fascism because that is what it is. It thwarts human beings in pursuit of the most basic need identified by psychologists: The need to feel their bodies

Mari J. Matsuda

2002-01-01

310

Safe drinking water: the toxicologist's approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The production of adequate and safe drinking water is a high priority issue for safeguarding the health and well-being of humans all over the world. Traditionally, microbiological quality of drinking water has been the main concern, but over the last decades the attention of the general public and health officials on the importance of chemical quality and the threat of

F. X. R van Leeuwen

2000-01-01

311

Bike Maintenance Makes for a Safe Ride.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Parents and children need to learn about bicycle maintenance and safety to keep bicycles fit and safe. The article presents a checklist of important bicycle equipment safety items and makes suggestions about how parents and children can learn more about bicycle safety and maintenance. (SM)|

PTA Today, 1994

1994-01-01

312

SAFE DRINKING WATER INFORMATION SYSTEM (STATE)  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: The Safe Drinking Water Information System (STATE) (SDWIS/STATE) is an information system OGWDW is developing for states and EPA regions to manage their water industry. SDWIS/STATE is not an information system for which EPA HQ is using to store or retrie...

313

A Fail-Safe Reactor Safety System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A highly reliable solid state reactor safety system operated in dynamic mode is described. Direct current signals from detectors for reactor control are converted to pulse signals, which are continuously generated by the circuit until some abnormal condition occurs.The design and construction of several kinds of logic circuits used for reactor control are explained in detail. The fail-safe property of

Tornio TSUNODA; Seiichiro GOTOH; Eiji SUZUKI

1967-01-01

314

Safe Schools for the Roller Coaster Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The dramatic ups and downs so often witnessed in adolescents are the result of changes in their brain activity. It is vital that the emotional and psychological needs that arise from such intense brain development are acknowledged and addressed so that middle school becomes a safe environment for the budding adults.|

Inlay, Linda

2005-01-01

315

Procedure based help desk system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe an outline of “Procedure based help desk system”.Preparing enough amounts of contents for help desk system is important for constructing an efficient help desk system. However, the preparation of contents is a hard job for contents-creators (usually, who is an expert of the work.).To support making help desk contents, we developed “Procedure based help desk

Akira Takano; Yuko Yurugi; Atsushi Kanaegami

2000-01-01

316

A tabu search algorithm for the safe transportation of hazardous materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we study the problem of the safe transportation of hazardous materials, which is an important operational problem and has been studied extensively in the literature. We outline previous work and propose a new model that is a variant of the vehicle routing problem with time windows (VRPTW). The objective is to find a schedule to guarantee the

L. Zhang; Songshan Guo; Yunsong Zhu; Andrew Lim

2005-01-01

317

Safe Handling of Parenteral Cytotoxics: Recommendations for Ontario  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To develop a set of recommendations for the safe handling of parenteral cytotoxics in health care facilities in Ontario, Canada. Methods: Systematic reviews were conducted to assemble evidence on risks to health care staff who prepare or administer cytotoxic drugs for cancer care and on closed systems for handling these drugs. Recent guidelines on safe handling of hazardous drugs were also reviewed. A multidisciplinary expert panel used an ethical framework to interpret this evidence and develop a set of recommendations to guide oncology practice in Ontario. Practitioners were surveyed and asked to provide input for the final set of recommendations. Results: Available evidence on risks associated with handling cytotoxic drugs is of poor quality, but it suggests that health care workers exposed to cytotoxic agents may be at increased risk for miscarriages. There is general agreement across guideline development groups in North America, Europe, and Australia concerning recommendations related to policies and procedures for handling cytotoxic drugs, use of personal protective equipment, and standards for ventilated cabinets, syringes and intravenous sets, transport and labeling, and education and training of staff. Limited evidence from poor-quality studies suggests that closed systems may reduce surface contamination with hazardous drugs during preparation. Conclusion: A set of recommendations was formulated by the expert panel and approved by practitioners surveyed across Ontario.

Green, Esther; Johnston, Mary; Trudeau, Maureen; Schwartz, Lisa; Poirier, Susan; Macartney, Gail; Milliken, Deborah

2009-01-01

318

Procedural Justice, Outcome Favorability and Emotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effects of procedural justice on discrete emotional responses. Based upon the cognitive appraisal model of emotion, it was argued that the experience of procedural justice (or injustice) allows individuals to derive meaning from favorable and unfavorable allocation decisions. Thus, procedural justice works with outcome favorability to produce a variety of emotional states. These ideas were tested

Patricia J. Krehbiel; Russell Cropanzano

2000-01-01

319

Freeze plug proves safe, economical in riser repair  

Microsoft Academic Search

In October 1992, Exxon Pipeline Co., Houston, performed in the Gulf of Mexico what the company believes to have been the first underwater freeze-plug procedure. To form a plug, water in a small section of the pipe is frozen with liquid nitrogen. In partially replacing a 10-in. riser at South Marsh Island Block 6A, Exxon Pipeline worked closely with a

1995-01-01

320

Intrinsically safe 5-V, 4-A rechargeable power supply  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Bureau of Mines has developed a regulated, intrinsically safe, rechargeable power supply for portable electronic equipment for underground use. The regulated output is ideal for microprocessor power requirements and is suited for operation in hazardous environments. Two rechargeable, sealed batteries are contained within the power supply. Provisions are made to use an external source of power if these batteries fail. Provisions are also made to charge these internal batteries when needed. The circuit is composed of three main circuits: the main regulator circuit, the input protection circuit, and the output protection circuit. The main regulator circuit provides remote voltage sensing, current sensing, fault monitoring, and internal thermal protection. The input protection circuit checks for excessive input current and low battery conditions. The output protection circuit contains two overvoltage detection devices. Schematics, a parts list, and a calibration procedure are provided in the report to enable readers to fabricate the power supply.

Sammarco, John J.

321

Human round trip to Mars: Six months and radiation safe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a different type of round trip to Mars, using a combination of spacecraft. Compared to typical proposals, this flight is relatively fast and relatively safe from biological radiation dosage. Our study is concerned with the trip from Earth orbit to Mars orbit. Four spacecraft are required for the round trip. The crew spends most of their time on board a comparatively large, well shielded spacecraft (LC) which is in free (non-powered) orbit about the sun. The crew travels from Earth orbit to the LC while on board a comparatively small, powered spacecraft (SC). At Mars, the procedure is reversed and the crew returns on a second LC. In addition, a cargo craft, with no crew, is sent to Mars prior to the crew leaving Earth orbit. The trip time is about six months and the radiation dose equivalent is within guidelines recommended by the National Commission on Radiation Protection and Measurements.

Lazareth, O. W.; Schmidt, E.; Ludewig, H.; Powell, J. R.

322

Human round trip to Mars: Six months and radiation safe  

SciTech Connect

We describe a different type of round trip to Mars, using a combination of spacecraft. Compared to typical proposals, this flight is relatively fast and relatively safe from biological radiation dosage. Our study is concerned with the trip from Earth orbit to Mars orbit. Four spacecraft are required for the round trip. The crew spends most of their time on board a comparatively large, well shielded spacecraft (LC) which is in free (non-powered) orbit about the sun. The crew travels from Earth orbit to the LC while on board a comparatively small, powered spacecraft (SC). At Mars, the procedure is reversed and the crew returns on a second LC. In addition, a cargo craft, with no crew, is sent to Mars prior to the crew leaving Earth orbit. The trip time is about six months and the radiation dose equivalent is within guidelines recommended by the National Commission on Radiation Protection and Measurements.

Lazareth, O.W.; Schmidt, E.; Ludewig, H.; Powell, J.R.

1991-01-01

323

Intrinsically safe 5-V, 4-A rechargeable power supply  

SciTech Connect

The author reports on a regulated, intrinsically safe, rechargeable power supply for portable electronic equipment for underground use. The regulated output is ideal for microprocessor power requirements and is suited for operation in hazardous environments. Two rechargeable, sealed batteries are contained within the power supply. Provisions are made to use an external source of power if these batteries fail. Provisions are also made to charge these internal batteries when needed. The circuit is composed of three main circuits: the main regulator circuit, the input protection circuit, and the output protection circuit. The main regulator circuit provides remote voltage sensing, current sensing, fault monitoring, and internal thermal protection. The input protection circuit checks for excessive input current and low battery conditions. The output protection circuit contains two overvoltage detection devices. Schematics, a parts list, and a calibration procedure are provided.

Sammarco, J.J.

1989-01-01

324

Inexpensive and safe DNA gel electrophoresis using household materials.  

PubMed

Gel electrophoresis is the single most important molecular biology technique and it is central to life sciences research, but it is often too expensive for the secondary science classroom or homeschoolers. A simple safe low-cost procedure is described here that uses household materials to construct and run DNA gel electrophoresis. Plastic containers are fitted with aluminum foil electrodes and 9-V batteries to run food-grade agar-agar gels using aquarium pH buffers and then stained with gentian violet. This activity was tested in a high school biology classroom with significantly positive responses on postactivity reflective surveys. The electrophoresis activity addresses several Life Science Content Standard C criteria, including aspects of cell biology, genetics, and evolution. It also can be used to teach aspects of motion and force in the physical science classroom. PMID:22615228

Ens, S; Olson, A B; Dudley, C; Ross, N D; Siddiqi, A A; Umoh, K M; Schneegurt, M A

2012-02-15

325

SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOLS LOCATED ALONG STATE HIGHWAYS - UDESC, FAPESC AND THE STATE GOVERNMENT OF SANTA CATARINA PROGRAMME, FROM BRAZIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A growing number of communities in countries around the world have begun programs loosely grouped under the title of Safe Routes to Schools. School officials, parents, and local and national organisations are starting to work together to get more kids walking and cycling for daily short distance trips. Safe Routes to Schools projects create safer conditions for children walking

G Xavier; A Miranda; J Sous; Della Giustina; M Nahas

326

Realistic Testing of the Safe Affordable Fission Engine (SAFE-100) Thermal Simulator Using Fiber Bragg Gratings  

SciTech Connect

The motivation for the reported research was to support NASA space nuclear power initiatives through the development of advanced fiber optic sensors for space-based nuclear power applications. Distributed high temperature measurements were made with 20 FBG temperature sensors installed in the SAFE-100 thermal simulator at the NASA Marshal Space Flight Center. Experiments were performed at temperatures approaching 800 deg. C and 1150 deg. C for characterization studies of the SAFE-100 core. Temperature profiles were successfully generated for the core during temperature increases and decreases. Related tests in the SAFE-100 successfully provided strain measurement data.

Stinson-Bagby, Kelly L.; Fielder, Robert S. [Luna Innovations, Inc. Blacksburg, VA 24060 (United States); Van Dyke, Melissa K. [NASA Marshal Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Wong, Wayne A. [NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135 (United States)

2004-02-04

327

Directors of Naturoptics for Safe Recovery of Vision, Inc. Release Patented Process to Awardees for their Personal Use and Mentored Teaching of the Process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Board of Directors of Naturoptics for Safe Recovery of Vision, Inc., US Patent Office, trademark issued, patent issue date April 8, 2008, has granted ``The David Matthew Mc Leod Memorial Award,'' to named individuals. Naturoptics teaching earnings by recipients are to be disbursed according to agreed percentages to named academic entities and to the awardees. When awardees sign non-disclosure agreements, they are shown why the process is safe. They are also taught that no diagnostic or treatment techniques are used, necessary or allowed for the processes. This is an educational consultation that explains how Naturoptics inventor, Roger David Mc Leod, safely and rapidly recovered his vision. The now patented processes as taught is released for the use of those awardees that sign agreements that they were merely provided a teaching service, and will only be doing educational consulting for their clients. Such clients must follow similar procedures. Other equivalent work-study grants are named ``The Kaan Balam Matagamon Memorial Award,'' also in memory of DMM. The American Indians in Science and Engineering Society may also be participating.

Giordano, Paul J.; D., N.; C., D.; McLeod, Roger David

2008-05-01

328

Safe Schools: A Planning Guide for Action Workbook. Using the Seven-Step Planning Process for Safe and Effective Schools. 2002 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This workbook presents a seven-step planning process for safe and effective schools. Though specifically directed to schools in California, most of the components of the plan will pertain to schools everywhere. The workbook contains requirements of the California Education Code; many work sheets, sample forms, summary sheets, checklists, rubrics,…

Abbott, Carol

329

Spatial Calibration Procedure for Infrared Line Scanners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermographic devices which are able to acquire images, such as infrared line scanners, are becoming increasingly popular. One of the major issues when working with this kind of devices is accurate spatial calibration, necessary in order to extract metric information from images. In this work, a spatial calibration procedure for infrared line scanners is proposed. The proposed procedure is based

Rubén Usamentiaga; Daniel F. García; Diego González; Julio Molleda

2006-01-01

330

Fail safe digital fuel ignition system  

SciTech Connect

A fuel burner control system that is fail safe and which controls three fuel burner functions is provided for. The system utilizes two different digital clock means that are separated in time from one another to ensure separate gating of the fuel burner output functions. The system further uses a negative power supply with respect to the circuit ground for control purposes while energizing the output switch means with a positive potential thereby eliminating inadvertent operation in the event of circuit component failures.

Hinton, B.J.; Papic, W.M.

1983-05-24

331

An effective action for asymptotically safe gravity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Asymptotically safe theories of gravitation have received great attention in recent times. In this framework an effective action embodying the basic features of the renormalized flow around the non-Gaussian fixed-point is derived and its implications for the early universe are discussed. In particular, a landscape of a countably infinite number of cosmological inflationary solutions characterized by an unstable de Sitter phase lasting for a large enough number of e-folds is found.

Bonanno, Alfio

2012-04-01

332

Human cloning: can it be made safe?  

PubMed

There are continued claims of attempts to clone humans using nuclear transfer, despite the serious problems that have been encountered in cloning other mammals. It is known that epigenetic and genetic mechanisms are involved in clone failure, but we still do not know exactly how. Human reproductive cloning is unethical, but the production of cells from cloned embryos could offer many potential benefits. So, can human cloning be made safe? PMID:14634633

Rhind, Susan M; Taylor, Jane E; De Sousa, Paul A; King, Tim J; McGarry, Michelle; Wilmut, Ian

2003-11-01

333

Safe and efficient use of the Internet.  

PubMed

A minority of people abuse the freedom of the Internet to the detriment of the vast majority. Many people feel that the Internet requires more regulation to reduce the burden of hackers, viruses, hoaxes, adverts and spam that continue to proliferate unabated. Until this ever happens, it is down to the individual person or business to protect themselves against malicious attacks and to use the Internet in a safe and efficient manner. PMID:17632481

Downes, P K

2007-07-14

334

Safe exercise prescription for children and adolescents.  

PubMed

This article provides practical advice on healthy exercise prescription for children. There is growing scientific evidence about the abilities and limits of child athletes in both recreational and competitive environments. As exercise becomes essential for the prevention of illness and maintenance of health, the counselling for an exercise prescription requires enhanced knowledge. The latest recommendations on safe strength, resistance and weight training are presented in a concise format for office use. PMID:20401276

Alleyne, J M

1998-09-01

335

MPJ Express: Towards Thread Safe Java HPC  

Microsoft Academic Search

MPJ Express is a thread-safe Java messaging library that provides a full implementation of the mpiJava 1.2 API specification. This specification defines a MPI-like bindings for the Java language. We have implemented two communication devices as part of our library, the first, called niodev is based on the Java new I\\/O package and the second, called mxdev is based on

Mark Baker; Bryan Carpenter; Aamir Shafi

2006-01-01

336

Safe Syringe Disposal is Related to Safe Syringe Access among HIV-positive Injection Drug Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated the effect of syringe acquisition on syringe disposal among HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs) in Baltimore,\\u000a New York City, and San Francisco (N = 680; mean age 42 years, 62% male, 59% African-American, 21% Hispanic, 12% White). Independent predictors of safe disposal\\u000a were acquiring syringes through a safe source and ever visiting a syringe exchange program. Weaker predictors included living\\u000a in

Phillip O. Coffin; Mary H. Latka; Carl Latkin; Yingfeng Wu; David W. Purcell; Lisa Metsch; Cynthia Gomez; Marc N. Gourevitch

2007-01-01

337

Risk-analysis procedures ensure system safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducting risk analysis and safety- engineering studies before construction of a sour-gas pipeline system will build redundancies into the system and ensure safe operation and maintenance. A recent analysis of a sour-gas pipeline built in Texas provides an example of procedures for safety engineering and risk assessment. This first of two articles presents the risk-analysis methodology and minimum safety systems

M. Mannan; D. B. Pfenning; C. D. Zinn

1991-01-01

338

Palliative procedures for the interventional oncologist.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to present our experience using multimodality interventional radiologic techniques for the treatment of cancer-related pain across a spectrum of abnormalities. CONCLUSION. Percutaneous imaging-guided thermal ablation has emerged as a safe and efficacious treatment for painful osseous metastases. The implementation of interventional thermal ablative techniques for the treatment of intractable pain secondary to malignancy can be further expanded to include transcatheter and combination procedures. PMID:24059361

Patel, Indravadan J; Pirasteh, Ali; Passalacqua, Matthew A; Robbin, Mark R; Hsu, Daniel P; Buethe, Ji; Prologo, J David

2013-10-01

339

Safe motherhood: looking forward, looking back.  

PubMed

Before 1985, only a few health professionals knew that maternal mortality is a widespread problem, and there were almost no focused efforts to address it. The global Safe Motherhood Initiative was launched in 1987 to raise awareness about the scope and consequences of maternal mortality and morbidity, as well as to mobilize action against the problem. Since then, more than 100 countries have joined the initiative and safe motherhood is considered the core of reproductive health. Much has been learned about maternal mortality over the past decade from the medical, programmatic, and technical perspectives, but it is still difficult to say whether motherhood is safer in 1997 than it was in 1987. One can, however, say which interventions are the most effective and at what cost. The cosponsors of the initiative will convene a technical consultation in October 1997 to review the lessons learned during the past 10 years and produce recommendations for safe motherhood interventions. Maternal mortality in Africa, antenatal risk assessment, access to obstetric care, and unsafe abortion are discussed. PMID:12347949

Rizzuto, R R

1997-05-01

340

Safe transport of radioactive materials in Egypt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Egypt the national regulations for safe transport of radioactive materials (RAM) are based on the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) regulations. In addition, regulations for the safe transport of these materials through the Suez Canal (SC) were laid down by the Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA) and the Suez Canal Authority (SCA). They are continuously updated to meet the increased knowledge and the gained experience. The technical and protective measures taken during transport of RAM through SC are mentioned. Assessment of the impact of transporting radioactive materials through the Suez Canal using the INTERTRAN computer code was carried out in cooperation with IAEA. The transported activities and empty containers, the number of vessels carrying RAM through the canal from 1963 to 1991 and their nationalities are also discussed. The protective measures are mentioned. A review of the present situation of the radioactive wastes storage facilities at the Atomic Energy site at Inshas is given along with the regulation for safe transportation and disposal of radioactive wastes

El-Shinawy, Rifaat M. K.

1994-07-01

341

ColorSafe 1.5: A Web Safe Color Plug-in for Photoshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ColorSafe 1.5, a product of BoxTop Software, Inc. (discussed in the August 15, 1997 issue of the Scout Report), offers an excellent tool to create web safe graphics in Adobe Photoshop. ColorSafe 1.5 was released October 29, 1997 as a shareware ($49.95) for the Mac and will soon be released for Windows 95/NT. This Photoshop plug-in "extends the 216 color web safe palette to millions of non-dithering optical colors and patterns with fully interactive color pickers from CMYK to HSV to RGB." Although made for Photoshop, ColorSafe 1.5 is also compatible with Illustrator 6.0 - 7.0, PhotoDelux 1.0, Fractal Design Painter 2.0 - 5.0, Deneba Canvas 5.0, Macromedia xRes 2.0 - 3.0, Microfrontier ColorIt! 3.0 - 3.2, Equilibrium DeBabelizer 1.6.1 - 1.6.5, and others. The download comes with additional palettes and a free plug-in called WebClipper to ensure that colors (from the web safe palette) in a graphic will match exactly after an adaptive color reduction has been performed in Photoshop.

342

Scarf osteotomy - Is it the procedure of choice in hallux valgus surgery? A preliminary report  

PubMed Central

Many procedures are described in the literature for the surgical management of hallux valgus. There are over 130 surgical procedures described but the surgeon usually limits these to a few which he is comfortable with and which gives the best aesthetic and functional result to the patient. There is ever rising enthusiasm among orthopaedic surgeons regarding diaphyseal osteotomy ever since Burutaran described the procedure in 1973. Weil in United States and Barouk in Europe popularized the technique. Scarf is a double chevron diaphyseal osteotomy which is inherently more stable than other osteotomies on the first metatarsal and allows early return to work. The author reports his early experience with SCARF osteotomy, which is a comparatively new technique for hallux valgus correction which was done in Ibri Regional Hospital in the Sultanate of Oman. All patients who presented with symptomatic hallux valgus were taken up and there were three patients who required surgical intervention for hallux valgus. The purpose of this study was to find its effectiveness in terms of stability of the osteotomy and early return to work. Proximal phalangeal osteotomy was not found necessary in none of the three cases operated by us. Scarf osteotomy is safe and found to give better aesthetic and functional result and early return to work. All our three patients had good functional recovery and early return to work.

2007-01-01

343

4 CFR Procedures - General  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false General Procedures Hearing Procedures for Cases Before the Board Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE... [68 FR 69299, Dec. 12, 2003] Hearing Procedures for Cases Before the...

2011-01-01

344

Periodontal Treatments and Procedures  

MedlinePLUS

... are also experts in replacing missing teeth with dental implants. Non-Surgical Treatments Gum Graft Surgery Laser Treatment Regenerative Procedures Dental Crown Lengthening Dental Implants Pocket Reduction Procedures Plastic Surgery Procedures Members Only ...

345

Pleural procedures and pleuroscopy.  

PubMed

Pleural procedures are commonly performed by physicians from a range of specialities. These procedures vary in complexity, from relatively straightforward pleural aspiration to more challenging procedures such as pleuroscopy. After appropriate training, even complex pleural procedures have a low risk of complications. Nevertheless, an appreciation of procedural risks is essential for physician training and forms the crux of a valid patient consent process. This review presents a systematic evaluation of the potential complications of common pleural procedures. PMID:19703062

Wrightson, John M; Helm, Emma J; Rahman, Najib M; Gleeson, Fergus V; Davies, Robert J O

2009-08-01

346

Safe operating procedures for alternative fuel buses: A synthesis of transit practice  

SciTech Connect

The synthesis will be of interest to transit agency managers, maintenance managers, and other personnel concerned with the operation of bus fleets using alternative fuels to meet national and local requirements related to air quality and energy diversification. Information on the use of methanol, ethanol, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquified petroleum gas (LPG), liquified natural gas (LNG), and other alternatives is included.

Not Available

1993-01-01

347

Midterm experience with modified Cabrol procedure: Safe and durable for complex aortic root replacement.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early and late outcomes of the modified Cabrol technique as a method of coronary reimplantation during complex composite graft replacement of the ascending aorta. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2012, 348 patients (mean age, 56 ± 14 years; 283 males and 65 females) underwent composite graft replacement of the ascending aorta, 40 of whom (mean age, 60 ± 12 years; 35 males and 5 females) had one or both coronary ostia reimplanted using a modified Cabrol technique with an 8- to 10-mm Dacron interposition graft. The mean clinical and radiologic (computed tomographic scan) postoperative follow-up was 39 months (range, 1-171 months), via our aortic database, patient interviews, and Social Security Death Index. RESULTS: Cabrol reimplantation was necessitated by reoperations with anatomically fixed coronary ostia (n = 16, 40%), severely displaced coronary arteries (n = 15, 37.5%), button calcification (n = 4, 10%), coronary anomalies (n = 3, 7.5%), and coronary aneurysm (n = 2, 5%). Of the operations, 20% (8 patients) were urgent interventions. Early mortality was 3 (7.5%) of 40, none related to the Dacron interposition graft. Total late mortality was 16.2%, also not related to the coronary graft. Actuarial survivals were 0.88 ± 0.05, 0.79 ± 0.07, and 0.73 ± 0.08 at 1, 3, and 6 years, respectively. Radiologic follow-up was available for 31 (83.8%) of the surviving patients and revealed that the interposition graft was widely patent in all. CONCLUSIONS: The modified Cabrol technique using a Dacron interposition graft showed good survival rates and excellent durability over time, confirmed radiographically. These data confirm that it is appropriate to use the Cabrol technique when technical complexity prevents bringing coronary buttons to the main aortic graft. PMID:23628496

Ziganshin, Bulat A; Williams, Francois E; Tranquilli, Maryann; Elefteriades, John A

2013-04-26

348

21 CFR 601.26 - Reclassification procedures to determine that licensed biological products are safe, effective...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...the Commissioner of Food and Drugs (Commissioner...support its continued marketing are being obtained for evaluation by the Food and Drug Administration...to justify continued marketing on an interim...

2013-04-01

349

21 CFR 530.23 - Procedure for setting and announcing safe levels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Specific Provisions Relating to Extralabel Use of Animal and Human Drugs in Food-Producing Animals § 530.23...reasonable probability that extralabel use in animals of the human drug or animal drug may present a risk to the public...

2013-04-01

350

Combined SAFE/SNAP approach to safeguards evaluation. [Safeguards Network Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Generally, the scope of a safeguards evaluation model can efficiently address one of two issues, (1) global safeguards effectiveness, or (2) vulnerability analysis for individual scenarios. The Safeguards Automated Facility Evaluation (SAFE) focuses on (1) while the Safeguards Network Analysis Procedure (SNAP) is directed at (2). SAFE addresses (1) in that it considers the entire facility, i.e., the composite system of hardware and human components, in one global analysis. SNAP addresses (2) by providing a safeguards modeling symbology sufficiently flexible to represent quite complex scenarios from the standpoint of hardware interfaces while also accounting for a rich variety of human decision making. A combined SAFE/SNAP approach to the problem of safeguards evaluation is described and illustrated through an example.

Engi, D.; Chapman, L.D.; Grant, F.H.; Polito, J.

1980-01-01

351

Cognitions of Work Unit Structure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An improved conceptual and empirical approach to identifying dimensions of work unit structure is proposed and tested. Multidimensional scaling procedures utilizing input data from 180 unit respondents recover a perceptual map of work unit structure. Inte...

R. Blackburn L. L. Cummings

1981-01-01

352

Graduate Assistant Informational & Procedures Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was compiled for use by staff and graduate assistants working in the OCLC Cataloging Section of the Automated Services Unit, Technical Services Division, University of Illinois Library at Urbana-Champaign. Although the procedures described are institution-specific, their applications could be adapted to accommodate copy cataloging…

Smith, Stephen J.

353

PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES ON FISCAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fiscal science advertise in most analytical situations, while the principles reiterated by specialists in the field in various specialized works. The two components of taxation, the tax system relating to the theoretical and the practical procedures relating to tax are marked by frequent references and invocations of the underlying principles to tax. This paper attempts a return on equity fiscal

Morar Ioan Dan

2011-01-01

354

Safe motherhood: priority in S Asia.  

PubMed

In March, 1994, at Chandigarh, India, delegates of the conference on Safe Motherhood in South Asia: Challenges Ahead addressed maternal mortality. Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka have around 27% of the world's live births and 43% of the maternal deaths. Maternal mortality in south Asia ranges from 60 to 618/100,000 live births. Delegates to the conference debated over the future of using traditional births attendants (TBAs). Some advocated that, since TBAs are an accepted part of villagers, the health care system should encourage them to undergo training to provide safe reproductive health practices. Other delegates believed that trained physicians should provide maternal health services in areas where trained health personnel do not now serve. The Regional Health Officer for UNICEF advocated the training of general practitioners in specialized obstetric services (e.g., cesarean section), since there are few obstetricians. Another UNICEF delegate suggested more expansive measures to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity, such as including traditional practitioners in the health system, since they now provide 70-80% of health care to rural dwellers. The system should involve India's gram panchayats more often into the Safe Motherhood program because they are in a position to immunize and educate children, monitor the village water pump and wells, warn villagers not to defecate in open areas, and arrange transportation for mothers in an emergency. Widespread education in the community and broad-based use of existing health services contribute to high maternal health in Kerala State, India. Other topics discussed were strategic management based on local conditions, cost-effectiveness of various interventional steps, use of quinacrine pellets for sterilization, and a holistic view of maternal mortality. PMID:12179171

Saxena, D

1994-03-30

355

Safe touch temperatures for hot plates.  

PubMed

A finite difference heat transfer model has been developed to predict the Safe Touch Temperatures (STT) for plates made of different materials. SST can be defined as the highest temperature at which no pain is felt when the surface is touched for a long enough period to allow safe handling of the equipment. The criterion used to quantify damage is the "damage function" that was originally proposed by Henriques and Moritz. There are several uncertainties present in the physiological and thermal properties of the skin that give rise to a solution range rather than a single solution. Certain simplifying assumptions are made that tend to yield solutions for STT that are toward the lower or "safe" end of the solution range. The model developed is a two-dimensional axisymmetric model in cylindrical coordinates. A finite difference scheme that uses the Alternating Direction Implicit method is used to solve the problem. It is a second-order scheme in both space and time domains. A parametric analysis of the model is performed to isolate those factors that affect the STT to the greatest extent. Data are presented for a variety of cases, which cover commonly observed ranges in material and geometric properties. It is found that the material properties, namely thermal conductivity and volumetric heat capacity, and the plate thickness ratio are the three most important parameters. These three parameters account for a range of STT from 56 degrees C-100 degrees C with thick metals at the low end and thin metals and plastics in the high range. This method represents a significant improvement over existing standard practices. PMID:10412456

Subramanian, B; Chato, J C

1998-12-01

356

SAFE gas turbine cycle primary heat exchangers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Los Alamos National Laboratory and Marshall Space Flight Center are jointly developing two modular heat pipe heat exchangers, collectively named FIGMENT (Fission Inert Gas Metal Exchanger for Non-nuclear Testing). The FIGMENT heat exchangers are designed to transfer power from the SAFE nuclear reactor cores to gas turbine energy converters. A stainless steel prototype heat exchanger will be built during 2002 in preparation for the construction of a larger refractory metal version. Two promising FIGMENT stainless steel heat exchanger concepts are reviewed here. .

Reid, Robert S.; Kapernick, Richard J.

2002-01-01

357

The Journey from Safe Yield to Sustainability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Safe-yield concepts historically focused attention on the economic and legal aspects of ground water development. Sustainability concerns have brought environmental aspects more to the forefront and have resulted in a more integrated outlook. Water resources sustainability is not a purely scientific concept, but rather a perspective that can frame scientific analysis. The evolving concept of sustainability presents a challenge to hydrologists to translate complex, and sometimes vague, socioeconomic and political questions into technical questions that can be quantified systematically. Hydrologists can contribute to sustainable water resources management by presenting the longer-term implications of ground water development as an integral part of their analyses.

Alley, W. M.; Leake, S. A.

2004-01-01

358

Understanding the referral services safe harbor.  

PubMed

In today's competitive healthcare environment, healthcare facilities and individual providers must form new relationships to safeguard their market positions and compete efficiently. But while such relationships are necessary and serve legitimate goals, those entering into such arrangements must be concerned that in so doing they do not run afoul of the Medicare and Medicaid fraud and abuse statute. This article examines the potential dangers of remuneration for referrals, and explains how one of the many so-called "safe harbor" provisions of the fraud and abuse statute applies to this practice. PMID:10145951

Tomes, J

1994-02-01

359

Deconstructing Stem Cell Tumorigenicity: A Roadmap to Safe Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

Many of the earliest stem cell studies were conducted on cells isolated from tumors rather than from embryos. Of particular interest was research on embryonic carcinoma cells (EC), a type of stem cell derived from teratocarcinoma. The EC research laid the foundation for the later discovery of and subsequent work on embryonic stem cells (ESC). Both ESC isolated from the mouse (mESC) and then later from humans (hESC) shared not only pluripotency with their EC cousins, but also robust tumorigenicity as each readily form teratoma. Surprisingly, decades after the discovery of mESC, the question of what drives ESC to form tumors remains largely an open one. This gap in the field is particularly serious as stem cell tumorigenicity represents the key obstacle to the safe use of stem cell-based regenerative medicine therapies. Although some adult stem cell therapies appear to be safe, they have only a very narrow range of uses in human disease. Our understanding of the tumorigenicity of human induced pluripotent stem cells (IPSC), perhaps the most promising modality for future patient-specific regenerative medicine therapies, is rudimentary. However, IPSC are predicted to possess tumorigenic potential equal to or greater than that of ESC. Here, the links between pluripotency and tumorigenicity are explored. New methods for more accurately testing the tumorigenic potential of IPSC and of other stem cells applicable to regenerative medicine are proposed. Finally, the most promising emerging approaches for overcoming the challenges of stem cell tumorigenicity are highlighted.

Knoepfler, Paul S

2009-01-01

360

Development of an ultra-safe, ultra-low emissions natural gas fueled school bus: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents work conducted under Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) Project 03-6871, ``Development of an Ultra-Safe and Low-Emission Dedicated Alternative Fuel School Bus.`` The project was sponsored by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Subcontract No. ZCF-5-13519-01. This report documents Phase 3 -- Integration and Phase 4 -- Demonstration and serves as the final report for this project. Phase 1 -- Systems Design and Phase 2 -- Prototype Hardware Development were documented in NREL publications TP-425-7609 and TP-425-2 1081, respectively. Several significant areas of work are summarized in this report. Integration of the engine technologies developed under Phase 2 into a production Deere 8.1-L, spark-ignition compressed natural gas engine is detailed, including information on the engine and control system modifications that were made. Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions results verifying the ultra-low emissions output of this engine are also included. The informal project goal of producing oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) emissions less than or equal to 1.0 g/bhp-hr over the FTP heavy-duty engine cycle was attained. In addition, a test run that resulted in less than one half of the Ultra-Low Emissions Vehicle limit for NO{sub x} plus non-methane hydrocarbons was obtained. These results were for engine-out (no catalyst) emissions. Results using a catalyst produced very low formaldehyde emissions and virtually zero carbon monoxide and particulate matter emissions. Following these excellent results, a duplicate engine was assembled and integrated into the prototype ultra-safe school bus, the Envirobus 2000. Many of the new and modified subsystems developed during this project for the engine are considered strong candidates for inclusion into the production Deere 8.1-L gas engine in the near future.

Kubesh, J.T. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-03-01

361

10 CFR 26.205 - Work hours.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accommodations appropriate for restorative sleep. (1) Shift turnover. Licensees may exclude shift turnover from the calculation of an individual's work hours. Shift turnover includes only those activities that are necessary to safely...

2010-01-01

362

Patient safety in surgery: non-technical aspects of safe surgical performance  

PubMed Central

The performance of operative surgery has an understandable focus placed on dexterity, technical precision, as well as the choice of procedure. There is less appreciation of the cognitive and social skills of the individual surgeon and the effect that these have on the surgical team and on patient outcome. This article highlights that impact and explores the contribution of non-technical skills to safe practice within the operating room.

2010-01-01

363

Integrating segmentation and paging protection for safe, efficient and transparent software extensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trend towards extensible software architectures and component-based software development demands safe, efficient, and easy-to-use extension mechanisms to enforce protection boundaries among software modules residing in the same address space. This paper describes the design, implementation, and evaluation of a novel intra-address space protection mechanism called prototype implementation demonstrates that a protected procedure call and return costs 142 CPU cycles

Tzi-cker Chiueh; Ganesh Venkitachalam; Prashant Pradhan

1999-01-01

364

System health tracking and safe testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the health situation of a system is only indirectly accessible, often conclusive explanations for observed abnormal behavior can not be given. In order to discriminate further between possible diagnoses, more information about system behavior is necessary. Testing techniques are especially useful in situations where it is not possible to probe additional process variables, such as in remote diagnosis applications. However as Scarl has pointed out, care must be taken as test vectors may induce new errors. He introduced the notion of so-called hazard condition constraints that should not be violated by the test input. In this paper, we apply the notion of safe test vector generation to the domain of dynamic systems. Dynamic systems are characterized by the fact that the current behavior does not depend on the current input only, but also on the history of the system. Therefore, safe testing for dynamic systems needs a technique akin to model-predictive control. That is, before one can say that a particular test vector will discriminate between two possible diagnoses, or that it will not violate a hazard condition, the behavior of the system has to be simulated over a number of time steps.

Bos, Andre; van Gemund, A. J.; Zutt, Jonne

2002-07-01

365

Long term retention of safe diving skills.  

PubMed

This short report describes a 20-month follow-up of safe diving skills, extending the 8-month retention period previously published in this journal. Thirty-four recreational swimmers with poor diving skills were evaluated before and immediately after a diving skills intervention program. Twenty-two returned for the eight-month follow-up evaluation and 16 returned 20 months post. As with the earlier study, Treadwater, Deck, Block and Running dives were video-recorded, and maximum depth, distance, velocity, entry angle and flight distance were compared. Underwater hand and arm positions were examined. Pre-intervention, a breaststroke arm action before maximum depth occurred in 18% of all dives and 38% of Treadwater dives. This was eliminated post-intervention, improving head protection. The Treadwater dive elicited the greatest mean maximum depth, and ANOVA showed depth for this entry decreased (improved) following intervention and remained shallower at the eight-month and 20-month post follow-ups. The Block dive also became shallower following intervention while the Deck dive remained unchanged. As seven 10-minute skills sessions resulted in shallower dives with safer hand and arm positions, and these skills were retained over a 600 day non-practice period, it is reliable to consider that the inclusion of safe diving skills in learn-to-swim programs can provide a diving spinal cord injury prevention strategy. PMID:14609152

Blitvich, J D; McElroy, G K; Blanksby, B A; Parker, H E

2003-09-01

366

Unsafe and potentially safe herbal therapies.  

PubMed

Unsafe and potentially safe herbal therapies are discussed. The use of herbal therapies is on the rise in the United States, but most pharmacists are not adequately prepared educationally to meet patients' requests for information on herbal products. Pharmacists must also cope with an environment in which there is relatively little regulation of herbal therapies by FDA. Many herbs have been identified as unsafe, including borage, calamus, coltsfoot, comfrey, life root, sassafras, chaparral, germander, licorice, and ma huang. Potentially safe herbs include feverfew, garlic, ginkgo, Asian ginseng, saw palmetto, St. John's wort, and valerian. Clinical trials have been used to evaluate feverfew for migraine prevention and rheumatoid arthritis; garlic for hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and infections; ginkgo for circulatory disturbances and dementia; ginseng for fatigue and cancer prevention; and saw palmetto for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Also studied in formal trials have been St. John's wort for depression and valerian for insomnia. The clinical trial results are suggestive of efficacy of some herbal therapies for some conditions. German Commission E, a regulatory body that evaluates the safety and efficacy of herbs on the basis of clinical trials, cases, and other scientific literature, has established indications and dosage recommendations for many herbal therapies. Pharmacists have a responsibility to educate themselves about herbal therapies in order to help patients discern the facts from the fiction, avoid harm, and gain what benefits may be available. PMID:10030529

Klepser, T B; Klepser, M E

1999-01-15

367

46 CFR 111.105-11 - Intrinsically safe systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Hazardous...46 CFR 110.10-1). (b) Each electric cable of an intrinsically safe system must...barrier from other non-intrinsically safe electric cables, or a shielded or metallic...

2012-10-01

368

33 CFR 62.27 - Safe water marks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

Safe water marks indicate that there is navigable water all around the mark. They are often used to indicate fairways or midchannels, or the seaward end of channels. Safe water marks are colored with red and white vertical...

2013-07-01

369

Fiber Supplements: Are They Safe to Take Every Day?  

MedlinePLUS

... use only. Fiber supplements: Safe to take every day? By Mayo Clinic staff Original Article: http://www. ... up Question Fiber supplements: Safe to take every day? I find it difficult to eat enough fruits ...

370

One stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty, is it safe? A meta-analysis.  

PubMed

Controversy has prevailed for many years relating to the safety of one-stage and two-stage total hip arthroplasty (THA) for bilateral disease. We performed a meta-analysis of 1460 studies of which 5 prospective studies met our inclusion criteria. A total of 579 patients had two-stage procedures and 334 had one-stage surgery. The studies showed a low heterogeneity (I2 =0%) allowing pooling of data. No differences were found in the incidence of major complications (odds ratio 0.72 95%CI: 0.45-1.15). One-stage bilateral THA may therefore be a safe procedure. PMID:21157747

Haverkamp, Daniël; van den Bekerom, Michel P J; Harmse, Ivo; Schafroth, Matthias U

371

Safe practices for handling, storing, processing, and testing lithium ambient cells and batteries  

SciTech Connect

The Lithium Ambient Battery Operations (LAMB) battery safety procedures cover the safe assembly, storage, and test of lithium batteries [herein defined as assemblies containing active lithium cells utilizing lithium dioxide (Li/SO{sub 2}), lithium thionyl chloride (Li/SOCl{sub 2}), lithium copper oxide (Li/CuO), lithium carbon-monofluoride (Li/CF{sub x}), or lithium manganese dioxide (Li/MnO{sub 2})]. Any new cell electrochemistry will be reviewed with appropriate diligence to determine what additional measures, if any, are needed prior to first use. These additional precautions will be stated in any test plan regarding the cell design. These procedures do not cover reserve batteries.

Evans, T.P.

1990-05-04

372

Human perception of robot safe speed and idle time  

Microsoft Academic Search

Operators and users of robotic systems perform tasks which require close proximity to dangerous moving parts. Two experiments were performed to assess human perception of safe robot arm speed and idling times. Experiment 1 was designed to determine the maximum safe speed of robots. Subjects were asked to adjust the robot speeds. Perceived safe speeds were indicated for two different

MANSOUR RAHIMI; WALDEMAR KARWOWSKI

1990-01-01

373

76 FR 17615 - Highway-Rail Grade Crossing; Safe Clearance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2137-AE69 & 2126-AB04 Highway-Rail Grade Crossing; Safe Clearance AGENCY: Pipeline...the comment period for the Highway-Rail Grade Crossing; Safe Clearance Notice of Proposed...the comment period for the Highway-Rail Grade Crossing; Safe Clearance Notice of...

2011-03-30

374

Forward-Looking Information—Navigating in the Safe Harbor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Article reviews the safe harbor for forward-looking statements created by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. It describes the safe harbor and focuses on perceived needs for the safe harbor, the protections it creates, the many interpretative problems it raises, and the remaining risks for which it provides no protection. Additionally, it explores other bases of defense

Carl W. Schneider; Jay A. Dubow

1996-01-01

375

Demonstration of a safe & precise planetary landing system on-board a terrestrial rocket  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Autonomous Landing and Hazard Avoidance Technology (ALHAT) Project is a multiyear NASA technology development effort focused on A(utonomous)-GNC and sensor technology to enable safe and precise planetary landings. The culmination of this project work involves field testing of the developed technology in a relevant terrestrial environment. These tests will demonstrate the capability of the ALHAT AGNC and sensor system,

Steve Paschall II; Tye Brady

2012-01-01

376

Safe spaces’? Sites of bilingualism for young learners in home, school and community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing together the work of two researchers engaged in ongoing, longitudinal research with practitioners in early years and bilingual complementary settings, this article argues that bilingual learners in the early years need and are entitled to particular kinds of ‘safe spaces’ to succeed in their education. Historical and policy contexts, and the theories that underpin this stance are discussed, along

Jean Conteh; Avril Brock

2011-01-01

377

Safe Automatic Emergency Stop Control of Gantry Crane Including Moving Obstacles in Its Workspace  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a safe emergency stop control for collision avoidance of gantry cranes. The crane mechanism is widely used for handling heavy load. A big problem is that the suspended load swings easily. This leads to possibilities of collision of load with obstacle during the crane work. Emergency stop for collision avoidance is, however, also dangerous. Because residual sways

Motoji Yamamoto; Eiji Honda; Akira Mohri

2005-01-01

378

A new parallel environment for interactive simulations implementing safe multithreading with MPI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents a new parallel environment for interactive simulations. This environment integrates a MPI-based parallel simulation engine, a visualization module, and a user interface that supports modification of simulation parameters and visualization at runtime. This requires multiple threads, one to execute the simulation or the visualization, and other to receive user input. Since many MPI implementations are not thread-safe,

Eduardo Rocha Rodrigues; Airam Jonatas Preto; Stephan Stephany

2005-01-01

379

Electricity and the Working Diver  

Microsoft Academic Search

The safe use of electricity underwater by the working diver can increase the complexity of the tasks he can complete. By using a multiple-faceted safety program of education, preventive maintenance and specialized ground fault systems underwater electrical safety can be achieved. The Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory (NCEL) has developed a family of ground fault current detection and shutdown systems for

L. Tucker

1984-01-01

380

75 FR 1734 - Children’s Online Privacy Protection Rule Safe Harbor Proposed Self-Regulatory Guidelines; i-SAFE...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...i-SAFE, Inc. under the safe harbor provision of the Children's Online Privacy...2070, Division of Advertising Practices, Federal...parties are invited to submit written comments...form, by following the instructions in...

2010-01-13

381

Safe access to safe water in low income countries: Water fetching in current times  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial portion of the world’s population does not have ready access to safe water. Moreover, obtaining water may involve great expense of time and energy for those who have no water sources in or near home. From an historical perspective, with the invention of piped water, fetching water has only recently become largely irrelevant in many locales. In addition,

Susan B. Sorenson; Christiaan Morssink; Paola Abril Campos

2011-01-01

382

Promoting Safe Schools: Presenting the Results of the 1995-96 California Safe Schools Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The school's responsibility is to provide an effective learning environment for students to achieve academic success. The California Safe Schools Assessment (CSSA) collects data on individual incidents of school crime from all California public schools and county-operated education programs. The California Department of Education strongly…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

383

Flame Tests Performed Safely: A Safe and Effective Alternative to the Traditional Flame Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trend toward inquiry-based learning is providing today's students with a more enriching education. When implementing inquiry it is important to recognize the great number of safety concerns that accompany this paradigm shift. Fortunately, with some consideration, teachers can shape students' laboratory experiments into safe and valuable…

Dogancay, Deborah

2005-01-01

384

Promoting Safe Schools: Presenting the Results of the 1995-96 California Safe Schools Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school's responsibility is to provide an effective learning environment for students to achieve academic success. The California Safe Schools Assessment (CSSA) collects data on individual incidents of school crime from all California public schools and county-operated education programs. The California Department of Education strongly…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

385

SafeTSA: A Type Safe and Referentially Secure Mobile-Code Representation Based on Static Single Assignment Form  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce SafeTSA, a type-safe mobile code representa- tion based on static single assignment form. We are devel- oping SafeTSA as an alternative to the Java Virtual Ma- chine, over which it has several advantages: (1) SafeTSA is better suited as input to optimizing dynamic code genera- tors and allows CSE to be performed at the code producer's site. (2)

Wolfram Amme; Niall Dalton; Michael Franz; Jeffery von Ronne

2001-01-01

386

SafeTSA: a type safe and referentially secure mobile-code representation based on static single assignment form  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce SafeTSA, a type-safe mobile code representa- tion based on static single assignment form. We are devel- oping SafeTSA as an alternative to the Java Virtual Ma- chine, over which it has several advantages: (1) SafeTSA is better suited as input to optimizing dynamic code genera- tors and allows CSE to be performed at the code producer's site. (2)

Wolfram Amme; Niall Dalton; Jeffery von Ronne; Michael Franz

2001-01-01

387

241-AN-A pit leak detection ANA-WT-LDSTA-331 acceptance test procedure  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the method used to test design criteria for Safety Class, Intrinsically Safe leak detector system installed in 241-AN-A Valve Pit located at 200E Tank Farms. The purpose of this Procedure is to demonstrate that the pit leak detection relay cabinet and intrinsically safe probe circuit is fully operable.

VANDYKE, D.W.

1999-08-25

388

A practical guide to safe PICC placement.  

PubMed

Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are a popular device for long-term vascular access. They were introduced into practice in the US in the 1970s, but only gained popularity in the UK during the 1990s (Gabriel, 1995). Many nurses now provide services for central venous access. To ensure patient safety, it is important that practitioners inserting these devices maintain up-to-date knowledge and ensure evidence-based practice. This should ultimately reduce complication and risk during insertion. The purpose of this article is to offer a guide to safe PICC insertion by providing an overview of anatomy and physiology and focusing on some of the main complications of PICC insertion and methods along with ways of reducing these. PMID:23752499

Kelly, Linda

389

The safe disposal of radioactive wastes  

PubMed Central

A comprehensive review is given of the principles and problems involved in the safe disposal of radioactive wastes. The first part is devoted to a study of the basic facts of radioactivity and of nuclear fission, the characteristics of radioisotopes, the effects of ionizing radiations, and the maximum permissible levels of radioactivity for workers and for the general public. In the second part, the author describes the different types of radioactive waste—reactor wastes and wastes arising from the use of radioisotopes in hospitals and in industry—and discusses the application of the maximum permissible levels of radioactivity to their disposal and treatment, illustrating his discussion with an account of the methods practised at the principal atomic energy establishments.

Kenny, A. W.

1956-01-01

390

NOVA Online: Search for a Safe Cigarette  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NOVA documentary Search for a Safe Cigarette recounts the tobacco industry's decades-long attempt to engineer a safer cigarette. This companion Web site offers a number of interesting and informative features, as well as a lesson plan for grades 5-8 and 9-12. The interactive feature titled Anatomy of a Cigarette offers a fascinating tour of the conventional cigarette and two safer versions. The Web site also includes: a review of the safer cigarette's checkered pedigree; an animated introduction to physiological effect of nicotine on the brain; and a virtual laboratory where visitors can explore the basics of combustion. The lesson plan, which may be used independently of the NOVA program, has students examine government action on tobacco issues and consider the role of government in public health.

2001-01-01

391

A safe lithium mimetic for bipolar disorder  

PubMed Central

Lithium is the most effective mood stabilizer for the treatment of bipolar disorder, but it is toxic at only twice the therapeutic dosage and has many undesirable side effects. It is likely that a small molecule could be found with lithium-like efficacy but without toxicity through target-based drug discovery; however, lithium’s therapeutic target remains equivocal. Inositol monophosphatase is a possible target but no bioavailable inhibitors exist. Here we report that the antioxidant ebselen inhibits inositol monophosphatase and induces lithium-like effects on mouse behaviour, which are reversed with inositol, consistent with a mechanism involving inhibition of inositol recycling. Ebselen is part of the National Institutes of Health Clinical Collection, a chemical library of bioavailable drugs considered clinically safe but without proven use. Therefore, ebselen represents a lithium mimetic with the potential both to validate inositol monophosphatase inhibition as a treatment for bipolar disorder and to serve as a treatment itself.

Singh, Nisha; Halliday, Amy C.; Thomas, Justyn M.; Kuznetsova, Olga; Baldwin, Rhiannon; Woon, Esther C. Y.; Aley, Parvinder K.; Antoniadou, Ivi; Sharp, Trevor; Vasudevan, Sridhar R.; Churchill, Grant C.

2012-01-01

392

Getting Home Safe and Sound: Occupational Safety and Health Administration at 38  

PubMed Central

The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHAct) declared that every worker is entitled to safe and healthful working conditions, and that employers are responsible for work being free from all recognized hazards. Thirty-eight years after these assurances, however, it is difficult to find anyone who believes the promise of the OSHAct has been met. The persistence of preventable, life-threatening hazards at work is a failure to keep a national promise. I review the history of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and propose measures to better ensure that those who go to work every day return home safe and sound. These measures fall into 6 areas: leverage and accountability, safety and health systems, employee rights, equal protection, framing, and infrastructure.

Silverstein, Michael

2008-01-01

393

A Safe Lab on Nerve Gases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an experiment involving pineapples and gelatin that allows students to investigate the conditions that typically render an enzyme functionless, similar to the effect of nerve gasses. Discusses the materials, procedures, and results, drawing analogies to the effects of a nerve gas. (CW)|

Tucker, David C.

1988-01-01

394

31 CFR 212.10 - Safe harbor.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

A financial institution that complies in good faith with this part shall not be liable to a creditor that initiates a garnishment order, or for any penalties under State law, contempt of court, civil procedure, or other law for failing to honor a garnishment order, for account activity...

2013-07-01

395

Safety analysis and realization of safe information transmission optical LAN on high-speed railway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-speed railway that has been progressing very quickly is one of the greatest techniques in present time because of its high speed, economy, comfort, environment benefits and other advantages. And among all of these, safe is the backbone and lifeline, so the chief task in developing high-speed railway is to establish safety guarantee system. Also in this safety guarantee system, train control is one of the key techniques to guarantee safe train operation and to advance ability of transportation, so operation safe is located in the hardcore position. That is to say, it is imperative to set up a safe, real-time and reliable automatic train control system. And we can easily find out that this kind of system is now developed and applied in many countries. Important information related to train control, such as the received and transmitted information of track-sided equipment, is called safe information, because it deals with train operation's safe, reliability, and even directly with people's life and wealth. It is so important that if there were some kind of fault with its making, transmission, or processing, fatal accident would occur. So to some degree, it is impossible to transmit and process this information through present railway communication network because of the former's extreme importance and the latter's no safe capability. Therefore, a specific communication network that mainly considers about safe transmission and management should be established in order to realize the specific function for this specific information. High-speed railway safe information transmission optical LAN, which adopts optical fiber as transmission media and transmits safe information, is a kind of LAN designed for the request for safe, real-time and highly reliable automatic train control system in the process of our country's high-speed railway construction and commonly train speed. In this paper, after analyzing the characteristics of automatic train control system and the structure, status and function of the safe information transmission optical LAN, we analyze the main factors which affect the network's safe transmission performance based on the principle of safe design. Then, on the foundation of the elementary principle of the concept, fail-safe, in railway signal field, we discuss the real network's safety and realization of the software and hardware. The final experiment indicates that the real network works robustly, performs reliably, and achieves the designed aim. When some kind of faults occur which produced by hardware, software or transmission media, the network can easily and reliably deal with them and transfer to safety mode that will ensure the train's operation. The analysis and design of this network is a meaningful step in constructing our country's railway special communication network and also the network can be used in other similar conditions that demand extreme safe.

Tao, Ying; Wu, Chongqing; Li, Zuoyi

2001-10-01

396

There Is No Safe Dose of Prions  

PubMed Central

Understanding the circumstances under which exposure to transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) leads to infection is important for managing risks to public health. Based upon ideas in toxicology and radiology, it is plausible that exposure to harmful agents, including TSEs, is completely safe if the dose is low enough. However, the existence of a threshold, below which infection probability is zero has never been demonstrated experimentally. Here we explore this question by combining data and mathematical models that describe scrapie infections in mice following experimental challenge over a broad range of doses. We analyse data from 4338 mice inoculated at doses ranging over ten orders of magnitude. These data are compared to results from a within-host model in which prions accumulate according to a stochastic birth-death process. Crucially, this model assumes no threshold on the dose required for infection. Our data reveal that infection is possible at the very low dose of a 1000 fold dilution of the dose that infects half the challenged animals (ID50). Furthermore, the dose response curve closely matches that predicted by the model. These findings imply that there is no safe dose of prions and that assessments of the risk from low dose exposure are right to assume a linear relationship between dose and probability of infection. We also refine two common perceptions about TSE incubation periods: that their mean values decrease linearly with logarithmic decreases in dose and that they are highly reproducible between hosts. The model and data both show that the linear decrease in incubation period holds only for doses above the ID50. Furthermore, variability in incubation periods is greater than predicted by the model, not smaller. This result poses new questions about the sources of variability in prion incubation periods. It also provides insight into the limitations of the incubation period assay.

Fryer, Helen R.; McLean, Angela R.

2011-01-01

397

40 CFR Appendix I to Subparts D... - Motorcycle Noise Emission Test Procedures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...when closing RPM is indicated under an acceleration as described below, actual engine...smooth and of sufficient length for safe acceleration, deceleration and stopping of the...procedure. (1) To establish the acceleration point, the end point...

2013-07-01

398

Moving beyond safe sex to women-controlled safe sex: A concept analysis  

PubMed Central

Aim This paper is a report of a conceptual analysis of women-controlled safe sex. Background Women bear disproportionate burdens from sexually-related health compromising outcomes. Imbalanced societal gender and power positions contribute to high morbidities. The expression, women-controlled safe sex, aims to empower women to gain control of their sexual lives. Few researchers focus on contextualized socio-cultural definitions of sexual safety among women. Data Sources The sample included scientific literature from Scopus, CINAHL, PubMed, PsychINFO, and Sociological Abstracts. Papers were published 2000–2010. Review Methods Critical analyses of literature about women-controlled safe sex were performed using Rodgers’ evolutionary concept analysis methods. The search focused on social and cultural influences on sexual practices aimed at increasing women’s control over their sexual safety. Results The analysis uncovered five attributes of women-controlled safe sex: technology; access to choices; women at-risk; “condom migration” panic; and communication. Three antecedents included: male partner influence; body awareness; and self-efficacy. Consequences were categorized as positive or negative. Nine surrogate terms included: empowerment; gender power; female-controlled sexual barrier method; microbicides; diaphragm; sexual negotiation and communication; female condom; women-initiated disease transmission prevention; and spermicides. Finally, a consensus definition was identified: a socio- culturally influenced multilevel process for initiating sexual safety by women deemed at-risk for sexually-related dangers, usually sexually transmitted infections and/or HIV/AIDS. Conclusion This concept analysis described current significance, uses, and applications of women-controlled safe sex in the scientific literature. The authors clarified its limited nature and conclude that additional conceptual refinement in nursing is necessary to influence women’s health.

Alexander, Kamila A.; Coleman, Christopher L.; Deatrick, Janet A.; Jemott, Loretta S.

2011-01-01

399

Subcompartment Analysis Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Procedures for the performance of nuclear reactor subcompartment analysis are presented. The purpose of this presentation is to normalize the analysis procedures and provide a standard approach for such analyses. As a result, differences in the manner of ...

R. G. Gido J. S. Gilbert C. G. Tinkler

1980-01-01

400

Cosmetic Procedure Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... Scars Skin Growths Spider Veins Unwanted Hair Unwanted Tattoos Varicose Veins Wrinkled Skin Treatments and Procedures Ambulatory ... Scars Skin Growths Spider Veins Unwanted Hair Unwanted Tattoos Varicose Veins Wrinkled Skin Treatments and Procedures Ambulatory ...

401

Appendix B: Surgical Procedure  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Appendix B: Surgical Procedure Marking the Cornea Prior to Surgery ... surgeon's preferred method. Surgical Procedure ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

402

The safety of medical devices: the tools of your working day.  

PubMed

You are trained and skilled in the practice of safe clinical procedures. Are you aware however that the safety of the medical devices, which includes medical equipment, that you use routinely in your clinical working day have been designed to be safe for both you and for patients? This is a legal requirement of the Medical Device Regulations by which manufacturers of medical devices and medical equipment are required to design and manufacture their products. That they conform to these regulations is designated by the CE Mark that has to be displayed on the product or on its labelling. This article will outline the legislative requirements of the regulations with which manufacturers have to comply. PMID:18828455

Cutler, Ian

2008-09-01

403

Promoting safe walking and biking to school: the Marin County success story.  

PubMed

Walking and biking to school can be an important part of a healthy lifestyle, yet most US children do not start their day with these activities. The Safe Routes to School Program in Marin County, California, is working to promote walking and biking to school. Using a multipronged approach, the program identifies and creates safe routes to schools and invites communitywide involvement. By its second year, the program was serving 4665 students in 15 schools. Participating public schools reported an increase in school trips made by walking (64%), biking (114%), and carpooling (91%) and a decrease in trips by private vehicles carrying only one student (39%). PMID:12948957

Staunton, Catherine E; Hubsmith, Deb; Kallins, Wendi

2003-09-01

404

Promoting Safe Walking and Biking to School: The Marin County Success Story  

PubMed Central

Walking and biking to school can be an important part of a healthy lifestyle, yet most US children do not start their day with these activities. The Safe Routes to School Program in Marin County, California, is working to promote walking and biking to school. Using a multipronged approach, the program identifies and creates safe routes to schools and invites communitywide involvement. By its second year, the program was serving 4665 students in 15 schools. Participating public schools reported an increase in school trips made by walking (64%), biking (114%), and carpooling (91%) and a decrease in trips by private vehicles carrying only one student (39%).

Staunton, Catherine E.; Hubsmith, Deb; Kallins, Wendi

2003-01-01

405

Immunogenicity of a viral model vaccine after different inactivation procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various strategies for the production of safe vaccines have been used. This study compared three different inactivation procedures, i.e. treatment with formaldehyde, ß-propiolactone or UV-light using vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) as a model antigen. All three inactivation procedures drastically impaired induction of neutralizing IgG responses, confirming previous observations [Bachmann et al. (1993) J Virol 67:3917–3922]. This reduction could be overcome

Martin F. Bachmann; Carine Bast; Hans Hengartner; Rolf M. Zinkernagel

1994-01-01

406

Classification procedure in limited angle tomography system  

SciTech Connect

In this work we propose the use of limited angle reconstruction algorithms combined with a procedure for defect detection and feature evaluation in three dimensions. The procedure consists of the following steps: acquisition of the X-ray projections, approximated limited angle 3D image reconstruction, and image preprocessing and classification.

Chlewicki, W.; Baniukiewicz, P.; Chady, T.; Brykalski, A. [Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Westpomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin (Poland)

2011-06-23

407

33 CFR 211.77 - Sale procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sale procedure. 211.77 Section 211...IN CONNECTION WITH CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Sale of Lands in Reservoir Areas Under Jurisdiction...Site Development and Use § 211.77 Sale procedure. Any individual...

2013-07-01

408

33 CFR 401.63 - Radio procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Radio procedure. 401.63 Section...REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Radio Communications § 401.63 Radio procedure. Every vessel...station Sector limits Call in Work Listening watch 1Seaway...

2009-07-01

409

48 CFR 22.608 - Procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act 22.608 Procedures. ...WH-1313, Notice to Employees Working on Government Contracts. (b) Breach of...

2012-10-01

410

48 CFR 22.608 - Procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act 22.608 Procedures. ...WH-1313, Notice to Employees Working on Government Contracts. (b) Breach of...

2011-10-01

411

Development of Sled Structural Design Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major objective of this study was to establish improved design analysis procedures for the design of dual rail and monorail rocket sleds. The work included reviewing and evaluating past analytical studies of rocket sleds and experimental test data for...

G. A. Greenbaum T. N. Gardner D. L. Platus

1973-01-01

412

Donation from old living donors: how safe is it?  

PubMed

As the rate of living kidney donor (LKD) transplantations increases, the selection of extended criteria donors such as old donors (>60-65 years) becomes more common. The pool of these old donors is probably wider than we think, especially if we tolerate a lower glomerular filtration rate (GFR) than the gold standard of 80 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Several important studies with large cohorts of living donors including old subjects have been published these last few years and give insights on the outcome in this subpopulation. The risk of death and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is similar to that of matched controls from the general population. Post-donation GFR, as a result of glomerulopaenia, is lower in old than in younger donors but pre-donation as well as the rate of function loss is not different between young and old donors. Nearly 80% of donors over 60 have <60 mL/min GFR post-donation, the risk of cardiovascular mortality and progression to ESRD in the long term, as in the general population, is under question. Despite reduced renal function of the old kidney, the results of transplantation from an old living donor appeared to be equivalent to deceased transplantation from a younger donor. Finally, transplantation from an old living donor appeared to be a reasonably safe procedure for both the donor and the recipient and the age per se is certainly not a contraindication to donation. PMID:23543591

Hourmant, Maryvonne; Lerat, Lydie; Karam, Georges

2013-03-29

413

Keeping off-site employees safe.  

PubMed

To help a hospital's home healthcare nurses better protect themselves against violence, the authors developed a training program that gave employees information on what to look for, what to do in an emergency and provided them with other policies and procedures to follow. In the article, they describe the use of role playing exercises and scenario-based instruction that allowed better retention on examinations, and also influenced the employees' attitude toward training positively. PMID:24020320

Morris, Ronald J; Yaross, Dan

2013-01-01

414

OIL SPILL: DECISIONS FOR DEBRIS DISPOSAL. VOLUME I. PROCEDURES MANUAL  

EPA Science Inventory

This report was prepared to guide persons responsible for disposing of oil spill debris in selecting suitable methods and sites, and in carrying out effective, environmentally safe disposal operations. Volume I is a procedures manual useful both in office and field. Topics covere...

415

Combined Procedure of Aspiration Termination and Laparoscopic Sterilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Termination of pregnancy and laparoscopic sterilization has been performed in 101 women in a one-year period. The complication rate was low and the average stay in hospital was short. With close supervision and co-operation between the gynaecologist and the patient's general practitioner it is suggested that this is a safe and economic procedure.

P. C. Steptoe; M. Imran

1969-01-01

416

Updating Small Generator Interconnection Procedures for New Market Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Federal and state regulators are faced with the challenge of keeping interconnection procedures updated against a backdrop of evolving technology, new codes and standards, and considerably transformed market conditions. This report is intended to educate policymakers and stakeholders on beneficial reforms that will keep interconnection processes efficient and cost-effective while maintaining a safe and reliable power system.

Coddington, M.; Fox, K.; Stanfield, S.; Varnado, L.; Culley, T.; Sheehan, M.

2012-12-01

417

Project W-320, WRSS PCP: Procedure implementation verification  

SciTech Connect

This document provides verification that the methodology for the safe retrieval of high-heat waste from Tank 241-C-106 as specified in the WRSS Process Control Plan HNF-SD-PCP-013, Revision 1, has been adequately implemented into the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) operational procedures. Tank 241-C-106 is listed on the High Heat Load Watch List.

Bailey, J.W.

1998-07-25

418

Caudal Epidural Block for Minor Gynecologic Procedures in Outpatient Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Caudal epidural block (CEB) has become increasingly important for pedi- atric analgesia in recent years. However, data regarding CEB in adult ambu- latory surgery are scarce. The aim of this study was to verify whether CEB could be applied as a simple, safe and economic method of anesthesia for adult patients undergoing minor gynecologic procedures (MGP). Methods: One hundred

Shu-Yam Wong; Jihn-Yih Li; Chit Chen; Chi-Hao Tseng; Shiue-Chin Liou; Shih-Chang Tsai; Yi-Chuan Kau; Kit-Man Wong

419

Phased Startup Initiative Phase 3 and 4 Test Procedure (OCRWM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this test procedure is to safely operate the Fuel Retrieval System (FRS) and Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) with specific fuel canisters, and show that canisters containing fuel can be retrieved from the canister queue, decapped in the Canister Decapper, and loaded into the Primary Clean Machine (PCM) for fuel cleaning; and that fuel can be sorted

2000-01-01

420

The future of simulation technologies for complex cardiovascular procedures.  

PubMed

Changing work practices and the evolution of more complex interventions in cardiovascular medicine are forcing a paradigm shift in the way doctors are trained. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), carotid artery stenting (CAS), and acute stroke intervention procedures are forcing these changes at a faster pace than in other disciplines. As a consequence, cardiovascular medicine has had to develop a sophisticated understanding of precisely what is meant by 'training' and 'skill'. An evolving conclusion is that procedure training on a virtual reality (VR) simulator presents a viable current solution. These simulations should characterize the important performance characteristics of procedural skill that have metrics derived and defined from, and then benchmarked to experienced operators (i.e. level of proficiency). Simulation training is optimal with metric-based feedback, particularly formative trainee error assessments, proximate to their performance. In prospective, randomized studies, learners who trained to a benchmarked proficiency level on the simulator performed significantly better than learners who were traditionally trained. In addition, cardiovascular medicine now has available the most sophisticated virtual reality simulators in medicine and these have been used for the roll-out of interventions such as CAS in the USA and globally with cardiovascular society and industry partnered training programmes. The Food and Drug Administration has advocated the use of VR simulation as part of the approval of new devices and the American Board of Internal Medicine has adopted simulation as part of its maintenance of certification. Simulation is rapidly becoming a mainstay of cardiovascular education, training, certification, and the safe adoption of new technology. If cardiovascular medicine is to continue to lead in the adoption and integration of simulation, then, it must take a proactive position in the development of metric-based simulation curriculum, adoption of proficiency benchmarking definitions, and then resolve to commit resources so as to continue to lead this revolution in physician training. PMID:22733836

Cates, Christopher U; Gallagher, Anthony G

2012-06-24

421

Are body piercing and tattooing safe fashions?  

PubMed

The trend to ornamenting the human body by piercings and tattoos which is observed all over the world is becoming more and more popular. The aim of this research was to compare the frequency of complications occurring after piercing and tattooing and to analyze the conditions under which the procedures were performed. The research was based on the results of questionnaire studies performed in a group of 824 people (57.8% women and 42.2% men) aged 14-52. The data were compared by the fraction difference statistic test. The procedure was performed in professional establishments for 93.1% of people with piercings and 78.8% with tattoos. The difference between these fractions is statistically significant (p < 0.05). Complications were noted in 45.6% of people with piercings and 31.25% with tattoos. This difference is also statistically significant (p < 0.05). The people questioned with piercings noted mainly local infections, bleeding and tissue tearing, while subjects with tattoos mentioned pruritus and/or bleeding. We conclude that body piercing is connected with a higher risk of more serious complications than tattooing. There is a social awareness of this so piercing procedures are more often done in professional establishments. PMID:17101481

Antoszewski, Boguslaw; Sitek, Aneta; Jedrzejczak, Marta; Kasielska, Anna; Kruk-Jeromin, Julia

422

Hazards of chemotherapy. Implementing safe handling practices.  

PubMed

Over the last decade, concerns about the hazards of handling cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents increased as various studies were published. Analysis of these data suggest possible carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic risk for health professionals (predominantly nurses and pharmacists) that handle these drugs. However, the research is inconclusive. The nature of the problem, along with methodologic issues, may make it difficult or impossible to provide definitive data on the type and degree of risk for those exposed to chemotherapeutic agents. Guidelines and recommendations have been published by various groups including the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists, the Oncology Nursing Society, and others. In essence, they recommend that only health professionals with specialized training should prepare or administer chemotherapeutic agents. In addition, equipment, unused drugs, and human excreta should be treated as chemically hazardous waste and disposed of according to the individual facility's policies and procedures. These guidelines should provide protection for those involved in preparing chemotherapy for administration, regardless of where this is done. Studies have shown differences in the degree and type of procedures followed and between existing procedures and actual practice. Some of these differences are based on the site of care (e.g., hospital [also influenced by bed size], private practice, or home care). Issues involved in implementing reasonable approaches to lower the relative risk for health-care professionals that handle cytotoxic chemotherapy will be discussed. PMID:1638469

Mayer, D K

1992-08-15

423

The BMC ACCESS project: the development of a medically enhanced safe haven shelter.  

PubMed

This paper describes the development and implementation of the Boston Medical Center (BMC) Advanced Clinical Capacity for Engagement, Safety, and Services Project. In October 2002, the BMC Division of Psychiatry became the first such entity to open a Safe Haven shelter for people who are chronically homeless, struggling with severe mental illness, and actively substance abusing. The low-demand Safe Haven model targets the most difficult to reach population and serves as a "portal of entry" to the mental health and addiction service systems. In this paper, the process by which this blended funded, multi-level collaboration, consisting of a medical center, state, city, local, and community-based consumer organizations, was created and is maintained, as well as the clinical model of care is described. Lessons learned from creating the Safe Haven Shelter and the development and implementation of the consumer-informed evaluation are discussed as well as implications for future work with this population. PMID:18830697

Lincoln, Alisa; Johnson, Peggy; Espejo, Dennis; Plachta-Elliott, Sara; Lester, Peggy; Shanahan, Christopher; Abbott, Susan; Cabral, Howard; Jamanka, Amber; Delman, Jonathan; Kenny, Patty

2008-10-01

424

Safe motherhood South Asia: challenge for the nineties.  

PubMed

In South Asia, 300,000 women die every year while giving birth. The region accounts for more than one-half of the world's maternal deaths even though only 27% of all births occur in South Asia. Many countries of the region have for years ignored or passively accepted the premature deaths of women. The high maternal death rate is reflective of social inequities which gave preferential treatment to males. Women also have little or no access to the family planning and medical services they need. The authors wholeheartedly support the safe motherhood initiative's goal of halving the maternal mortality rate by the year 2000. Because South Asia is so diverse, the programs and principals that will achieve the goal and improve women's health must be tailored to the realities of each area. However, the following are important strategies for action: mobilizing political will and commitment, involving community members, integrating the activities of non- governmental organizations into safe motherhood programs, sharing information within and among countries, involving the media, and sensitizing men about the issues. Long-term efforts are needed to change fundamental problems in women's education, status, opportunities, work burden and specific needs in employment and economic development. Short and medium term programs are also useful since they have an immediate impact on reducing maternal mortality and morbidity. The programs should emphasize making services available to those in need, launching community information campaigns that are directly linked to services offered, and assuring that the training and deployment of medical personnel be structured to meet existing needs. The direct cost of implementing these programs is low in comparison with the benefits that will accrue to South Asian society with their success. Immediate action is called for to ensure solutions to these problems. PMID:12283416

1990-06-01

425

Microbiological Sampling Procedures  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Detection and enumeration of microorganisms are an important part of providing to consumers, safe foods of high quality. Determining the presence and/or numbers of certain bacteria and fungi may be directly or indirectly related to facility sanitation, hygiene of handling and processing, quality an...

426

Safe staffing for the post anesthesia care unit: weighing the evidence and identifying the gaps.  

PubMed

Postanesthesia nursing care and standards are continually evolving. ASPAN has the professional responsibility to develop standards of nursing practice to promote a safe environment of care. Currently, ASPAN's recommended staffing ratios are based on the best available evidence: expert opinion and consensus. Our Society believes that these nurse-to-patient ratios have served to provide safe, quality patient care. In 2006, the ASPAN Safe Staffing Strategic Work Team was charged with conducting a national PACU Safe Staffing Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) project. The purpose of this EBP staffing project was to search the scientific staffing evidence in an attempt to validate ASPAN's staffing ratios. This expert panel critically weighed the nursing evidence on staffing ratios, workload intensity, patient acuity, nursing-sensitive outcomes, and nursing-sensitive indicators, including appropriate critical care studies because of the scarce number of postanesthesia studies. The outcome of this dynamic initiative revealed the need to develop nursing-sensitive perianesthesia indicators that can provide patient outcomes used to assess the effectiveness of staffing ratios. Finally, research gaps were identified and the next steps in the generation of knowledge needed to build safe staffing evidence were identified in ASPAN's Strategic Research Staffing Plan. PMID:18039511

Mamaril, Myrna E; Sullivan, Ellen; Clifford, Theresa L; Newhouse, Robin; Windle, Pamela E

2007-12-01

427

Spark-safe low-voltage detonator  

DOEpatents

A column of explosive in a low-voltage detonator which makes it spark-safe ncludes an organic secondary explosive charge of HMX in the form of a thin pad disposed in a bore of a housing of the detonator in an ignition region of the explosive column and adjacent to an electrical ignition device at one end of the bore. The pad of secondary charge has an axial thickness within the range of twenty to thirty percent of its diameter. The explosive column also includes a first explosive charge of CP disposed in the housing bore in the ignition region of the explosive column next to the secondary charge pad on a side opposite from the ignition device. The first CP charge is loaded under sufficient pressure, 25 to 40 kpsi, to provide mechanical confinement of the pad of secondary charge and physical coupling thereof with the ignition device. The explosive column further includes a second explosive charge of CP disposed in the housing bore in a transition region of the explosive column next to the first CP charge on a side opposite from the pad of secondary charge. The second CP charge is loaded under sufficient pressure, about 10 kpsi, to allow occurrence of DDT. The first explosive CP charge has an axial thickness within the range of twenty to thirty percent of its diameter, whereas the second explosive CP charge contains a series of increments (nominally 4) each of which has an axial thickness-to-diameter ratio of one to two.

Lieberman, Morton L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01

428

Aluminum vaccine adjuvants: are they safe?  

PubMed

Aluminum is an experimentally demonstrated neurotoxin and the most commonly used vaccine adjuvant. Despite almost 90 years of widespread use of aluminum adjuvants, medical science's understanding about their mechanisms of action is still remarkably poor. There is also a concerning scarcity of data on toxicology and pharmacokinetics of these compounds. In spite of this, the notion that aluminum in vaccines is safe appears to be widely accepted. Experimental research, however, clearly shows that aluminum adjuvants have a potential to induce serious immunological disorders in humans. In particular, aluminum in adjuvant form carries a risk for autoimmunity, long-term brain inflammation and associated neurological complications and may thus have profound and widespread adverse health consequences. In our opinion, the possibility that vaccine benefits may have been overrated and the risk of potential adverse effects underestimated, has not been rigorously evaluated in the medical and scientific community. We hope that the present paper will provide a framework for a much needed and long overdue assessment of this highly contentious medical issue. PMID:21568886

Tomljenovic, L; Shaw, C A

2011-01-01

429

Ultra Safe And Secure Blasting System  

SciTech Connect

The Ultra is a blasting system that is designed for special applications where the risk and consequences of unauthorized demolition or blasting are so great that the use of an extraordinarily safe and secure blasting system is justified. Such a blasting system would be connected and logically welded together through digital code-linking as part of the blasting system set-up and initialization process. The Ultra's security is so robust that it will defeat the people who designed and built the components in any attempt at unauthorized detonation. Anyone attempting to gain unauthorized control of the system by substituting components or tapping into communications lines will be thwarted in their inability to provide encrypted authentication. Authentication occurs through the use of codes that are generated by the system during initialization code-linking and the codes remain unknown to anyone, including the authorized operator. Once code-linked, a closed system has been created. The system requires all components connected as they were during initialization as well as a unique code entered by the operator for function and blasting.

Hart, M M

2009-07-27

430

Topological characterization of safe coordinated vehicle motions  

SciTech Connect

This paper characterizes the homotopy properties and the global topology of the space of positions of vehicles which are constrained to travel without intersecting on a network of paths. The space is determined by the number of vehicles and the network. Paths in the space correspond to simultaneous non-intersecting motions of all vehicles. The authors therefore focus on computing the homotopy type of the space, and show how to do so in the general case. Understanding the homotopy type of the space is the central issue in controlling the vehicles, as it gives a complete description of the distinct ways that vehicles may move safely on the network. The authors exhibit graphs, products of graphs, and amalgamations of products of graphs that are homotopy equivalent to the full configuration space, and are far simpler than might be expected. The results indicate how a control system for such a network of vehicles (such as a fleet of automatically guided vehicles guided by wires buried in a factory floor) may be implemented.

MILGRAM.R. JAMES; KAUFMAN,STEPHEN G.

2000-04-03

431

Bonfire-safe low-voltage detonator  

DOEpatents

A column of explosive in a low-voltage detonator which makes it bonfire-safe includes a first layer of an explosive charge of CP, or a primary explosive, and a second layer of a secondary organic explosive charge, such as PETN, which has a degradation temperature lower than the autoignition temperature of the CP or primary explosives. The first layer is composed of a pair of increments disposed in a bore of a housing of the detonator in an ignition region of the explosive column and adjacent to and in contact with an electrical ignition device at one end of the bore. The second layer is composed of a plurality of increments disposed in the housing bore in a transition region of the explosive column next to and in contact with the first layer on a side opposite from the ignition device. The first layer is loaded under a sufficient high pressure, 25 to 40 kpsi, to achieve ignition, whereas the second layer is loaded under a sufficient low pressure, about 10 kpsi, to allow occurrence of DDT. Each increment of the first and second layers has an axial length-to-diameter ratio of one-half.

Lieberman, Morton L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01

432

Social Work Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference guide contains laws, rules, and regulations of the State Education Department that govern social work practice in the State of New York. It highlights requirements and procedures for obtaining licensure and first registration as a social worker, and authorization of licensees for insurance reimbursement. Included are sections on:…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

433

Social Work Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference guide contains laws, rules, and regulations of the State Education Department that govern social work practice in the state of New York. It highlights requirements and procedures for obtaining licensure and first registration as a social worker, and authorization of licensees for insurance reimbursement. Included are sections on:…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

434

34 CFR 675.49 - Procedures and records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Procedures and records. 675.49 Section 675.49 Education Regulations of the...Work-Colleges Program § 675.49 Procedures and records. ...with the applicable provisions of 34 CFR part 673 and this part 675....

2013-07-01

435

Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unpacking social work's low self-image and even lower social prestige reveals multiple layers of assumptions both within and outside the discipline that coalesce to construct a profession at odds with itself. Social work colludes with social forces which devalue its work while it presents a series of signs that reinforce the negative stereo-types associated with its practices. Social work projects

Gregory D. Gross

2007-01-01

436

Inherently safe reactors and a second nuclear era  

SciTech Connect

The Swedish PIUS reactor and the German-American small modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactor are inherently safe - that is, their safety relies not upon intervention of humans or of electromechanical devices but on immutable principles of physics and chemistry. A second nuclear era may require commercialization and deployment of such inherently safe rectors, even though existing light-water reactors appear to be as safe as other well-accepted sources of central electricity, particularly hydroelectric dams.

Weinberg, A.M.; Spiewak, I.

1984-06-29

437

Endorsing safe infant sleep: a call to action.  

PubMed

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) safe sleep recommendations are considered best practice and are effective in preventing sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Yet studies have found that nurses' practice in newborn nurseries and neonatal intensive care units is often inconsistent with safe sleep recommendations. Such inconsistencies cause confusion and hinder SIDS prevention efforts. In 2011, the AAP added significant content to its 2005 safe sleep recommendations and neonatal nurses are now being asked to endorse the recommendations from birth. This article reviews the recommendations, examines barriers and controversies and offers suggestions for how an organization might initiate change and move toward a unified endorsement of safe sleep strategies. PMID:23067283

Hitchcock, Sharon

438

FDA Public Health Advisory Subjject: Safe and Appropriate ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Public Health Advisory Subjject: Safe and Appropriate Use of Influenza Drugs. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

439

78 FR 30723 - National Safe Boating Week, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8981--National Safe Boating Week, 2013 Proclamation 8982--Emergency Medical Services Week, 2013 Proclamation 8983--World Trade Week, 2013 Proclamation 8984--Armed Forces Day, 2013 Memorandum...

2013-05-22

440

Procedural / Operative Sedation Discussant  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... and Clinician Satisfaction ? Procedure and evaluator specific development ... Psychometric evaluation ? Patient satisfaction with sedation instrument ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/newsevents

441

Complications with Outpatient Angiography and Interventional Procedures  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To prospectively identify the complications, and rates of complication, in outpatient angiography and interventional procedures. Methods: There were 1050 consecutive patients, 646 men and 404 women, aged 17-89 years, with a total of 1239 procedures studied in a 2-year period, 1997 to 1999. Results: There were 560 cases of aorto-femoral angiography,resulting in 124 complications (22%), with pain or hematoma in 110.There were 206 cases of neck and cerebral angiography, resulting in 51 complications (25%), with pain and hematoma in 34, transient ischemic attack in 2 and cerebrovascular accident in 1. There were 197 interfentional procedures, with 177 being balloon dilatations, resulting in 68 complications (35%), with 2 having hematomas and 1 having hematoma/abscess requiring active treatment. There were 276 cases having various 'other' procedures (e.g., renal angiography),resulting in 65 complications (24%), with pain and hematoma in 61. No procedure-related death occurred. Eighteen cases (1.5%) had significant complications, with contrast allergy in eight. Conclusion: Outpatient angiography and intervention are relatively safe, with low significant complication rates.

Young, Noel; Chi, Ka-Kit; Ajaka, Joe; McKay, Lesa; O'Neill, Diane; Wong, Kai Ping [Department of Radiology, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Sydney, NWS, 2145 (Australia)

2002-03-15

442

Enhancing student engagement through practice experience in social work education: the Social Work Studio  

Microsoft Academic Search

It can sometimes be difficult to engage students in ‘real life experiences’ within the classroom. In one Bachelor of Social Work program, the development of a Social Work Studio (the Studio) has provided students with opportunities to engage in simulated social work practice in a safe and supportive environment. This article reports on a small exploratory study of students' responses

Alan Campbell

2012-01-01

443

Enhancing Student Engagement through Practice Experience in Social Work Education: The Social Work Studio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It can sometimes be difficult to engage students in "real life experiences" within the classroom. In one Bachelor of Social Work program, the development of a Social Work Studio (the Studio) has provided students with opportunities to engage in simulated social work practice in a safe and supportive environment. This article reports on a small…

Campbell, Alan

2012-01-01

444

Enhancing Student Engagement through Practice Experience in Social Work Education: The Social Work Studio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It can sometimes be difficult to engage students in "real life experiences" within the classroom. In one Bachelor of Social Work program, the development of a Social Work Studio (the Studio) has provided students with opportunities to engage in simulated social work practice in a safe and supportive environment. This article reports on a small…

Campbell, Alan

2012-01-01

445

How Safe is Safe Enough. A Psychometric Study of Attitude Towards Technological Risk and Benefits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of an investigation in which psychometric procedures were used to elicit quantitative judgments of perceived risk, acceptable risk, and perceived benefit for each of 30 activities and technologies. The participants were se...

B. Fischhoff P. Slovic S. Lichtenstein S. Read B. Combs

1977-01-01

446

Sedation and Analgesia in the Performance of Interventional Procedures  

PubMed Central

Interventional procedures can produce pain, anxiety, and physical and mental distress. Analgesia and sedation in the interventional radiology suite are given routinely during interventional procedures and allow a safe, comfortable, and technically successful procedure to be performed. Appropriate sedation decreases patient movement, patient anxiety, pain perception, and is crucial to successfully perform percutaneous interventions. A thorough understanding of the preoperative patient assessment, intraprocedural monitoring, pharmacologic characteristics of medications, postoperative care, and treatment of complications is required for the practicing interventionalist. Complications related to sedation and analgesia can occur secondary to preexisting medical conditions, incorrect drug administration, and/or inadequate patient monitoring.1,2

Johnson, Stephen

2010-01-01

447

Fracture Extension Resistance (R-Curve) Concepts for Fracture-Safe Design with Nonfrangible Titanium Alloys.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New procedures were evolved to characterize the fracture extension resistance of nonfrangible structural titanium alloys. Fracture extension resistance is defined by the increase in plastic work energy required to propagate a crack. The resistance paramet...

R. W. Judy R. J. Goode

1971-01-01

448

Stay Safe in and around Swimming Pools  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Commission: Pool Safel y Consumer Product Safety Commission: Safety Barrier Guidelines for Home Pools [PDF - 792KB] CDC works 24/7 saving lives and protecting people from health threats to have a more secure nation. A US federal agency, CDC helps make the healthy choice the ...

449

DOE handbook: Tritium handling and safe storage  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Handbook was developed as an educational supplement and reference for operations and maintenance personnel. Most of the tritium publications are written from a radiological protection perspective. This handbook provides more extensive guidance and advice on the null range of tritium operations. This handbook can be used by personnel involved in the full range of tritium handling from receipt to ultimate disposal. Compliance issues are addressed at each stage of handling. This handbook can also be used as a reference for those individuals involved in real time determination of bounding doses resulting from inadvertent tritium releases. This handbook provides useful information for establishing processes and procedures for the receipt, storage, assay, handling, packaging, and shipping of tritium and tritiated wastes. It includes discussions and advice on compliance-based issues and adds insight to those areas that currently possess unclear DOE guidance.

NONE

1999-03-01

450

Laparoscopic colonic procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent and general acceptance of laparoscopy as a means of surgically treating intraabdominal disease processes, procedures on organs other than the gallbladder and female genital tract have slowly evolved. After developing basic techniques in an animal model, a clinical series (n=19) of laparoscopic procedures for a variety of colonic lesions was undertaken and is herein presented. It included

Morris E. Franklin; Raul Ramos; Daniel Rosenthal; William Schuessler

1993-01-01

451

Procedural Learning and Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three major "neural systems", specialized for different types of information processing, are the sensory, declarative, and procedural systems. It has been proposed ("Trends Neurosci.",30(4), 135-141) that dyslexia may be attributable to impaired function in the procedural system together with intact declarative function. We provide a brief…

Nicolson, R. I.; Fawcett, A. J.; Brookes, R. L.; Needle, J.

2010-01-01

452

Contracting for Procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Judicial decisions of public courts increasingly are based on “contract procedure,” private rules of procedure that the parties draft and assent to before a dispute even has arisen. These rules govern such matters as the forum in which the proceeding will be conducted, whether a jury will be involved in adjudicating the dispute, the scope of rights of discovery, and

Kevin E. Davis; Helen Hershkoff

2011-01-01

453

Academic Employee Reduction Procedure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criteria and procedures for dismissing full-time faculty at Grays Harbor College are listed. These procedures are to be followed for faculty dismissal because of program termination or reduction, decreases in enrollment, changes in educational policy or substantial evidence of a serious shortage of funds. All phases of the reduction process are…

Grays Harbor Coll., Aberdeen, WA.

454

Enucleation Procedure Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual provides information on the enucleation procedure (removal of the eyes for organ banks). An introductory section focuses on the anatomy of the eye and defines each of the parts. Diagrams of the eye are provided. A list of enucleation materials follows. Other sections present outlines of (1) a sterile procedure; (2) preparation for eye…

Davis, Kevin; Poston, George

455

General Multistage Gatekeeping Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A general multistage (stepwise) procedure is proposed for dealing with ar- bitrary gatekeeping problems including parallel, serial and tree gatekeeping. The procedure is very simple to implement since it does not require the application of the closed testing principle and the consequent need to test all nonempty intersections of hypotheses. It relies on the use of two new concepts,

Alex Dmitrienko; Ajit C. Tamhane; Brian L. Wiens; Gilead Colorado

2007-01-01

456

A Year Without Procedures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Step-by-step instructions in the chemistry lab often eliminate opportunities for inquiry, higher levels of thinking, and the sense of accomplishment students find through independent discovery. However, removing procedures from chemistry labs creates opportunities for student inquiry. This article describes a chemistry-based experimental year without procedures, but the concept can be applied to any scientific discipline.

Backus, Lisa

2005-10-01

457

Preschooler test or procedure preparation  

MedlinePLUS

Preparing preschoolers for test/procedure; Test/procedure preparation - preschooler ... reduce distress in children who are undergoing medical tests, minimizing crying and resistance to the procedure. Research ...

458

Plastic Surgery Procedures (for Gums)  

MedlinePLUS

... Gum Disease Regenerative Procedures Dental Crown Lengthening Procedure Dental Implants Single Tooth Implants Multiple Tooth Implants Full Mouth Dental Implants Sinus Augmentation Ridge Modification Periodontal Pocket Reduction Procedures ...

459

Standardization Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For several years now, the main civil aircraft manufacturers (Airbus and its partners, Boeing, Fokker, McDonnell Douglas) have been working jointly on the writing of technical recommendations and the drawing up of an international standard. This work conc...

O. Malavallon

1995-01-01

460

Fire-safe polymers and polymer composites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intrinsic relationships between polymer structure, composition and fire behavior have been explored to develop new fire-safe polymeric materials. Different experimental techniques, especially three milligram-scale methods---pyrolysis-combustion flow calorimetry (PCFC), simultaneous thermal analysis (STA) and pyrolysis GC/MS---have been combined to fully characterize the thermal decomposition and flammability of polymers and polymer composites. Thermal stability, mass loss rate, char yield and properties of decomposition volatiles were found to be the most important parameters in determining polymer flammability. Most polymers decompose by either an unzipping or a random chain scission mechanism with an endothermic decomposition of 100--900 J/g. Aromatic or heteroaromatic rings, conjugated double or triple bonds and heteroatoms such as halogens, N, O, S, P and Si are the basic structural units for fire-resistant polymers. The flammability of polymers can also be successfully estimated by combining pyrolysis GC/MS results or chemical structures with TGA results. The thermal decomposition and flammability of two groups of inherently fire-resistant polymers---poly(hydroxyamide) (PHA) and its derivatives, and bisphenol C (BPC II) polyarylates---have been systematically studied. PHA and most of its derivatives have extremely low heat release rates and very high char yields upon combustion. PHA and its halogen derivatives can completely cyclize into quasi-polybenzoxazole (PBO) structures at low temperatures. However, the methoxy and phosphate derivatives show a very different behavior during decomposition and combustion. Molecular modeling shows that the formation of an enol intermediate is the rate-determining step in the thermal cyclization of PHA. BPC II-polyarylate is another extremely flame-resistant polymer. It can be used as an efficient flame-retardant agent in copolymers and blends. From PCFC results, the total heat of combustion of these copolymers or blends changes linearly with composition, but the change of maximum heat release rates also depends on the chemical structure of the components. The flammability of various polymers and polymer composites measured by PCFC, cone calorimeter ASTM E1354 and Ohio State University (OSU) calorimeter ASTM E906 were also compared. For pure polymers, there is a relatively good correlation between different methods. However, for polymer composites with inert fillers or flame-retardant additives, OSU and cone calorimetries are more suitable evaluation methods.

Zhang, Huiqing

461

Arthroscopic latarjet procedure.  

PubMed

Although soft tissue stabilization procedures in the shoulder yield good results, arthroscopy and radiological investigations have identified more complex soft tissue and bony lesions that can be successfully treated using a Latarjet procedure. The authors have advanced this technique to make it possible arthroscopically, thereby conferring all the benefits that arthroscopic surgery offers. This article describes how and why the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure is a valuable tool in the treatment of complex shoulder instability and how the procedure can be introduced into practice. This technique has shown excellent results at short- to mid-term follow-up, with minimal complications. As such, this procedure is recommended to surgeons with good anatomic knowledge, advanced arthroscopic skills, and familiarity with the instrumentation. PMID:20497814

Lafosse, Laurent; Boyle, Simon; Gutierrez-Aramberri, Mikel; Shah, Anup; Meller, Rupert

2010-07-01

462

Waste Issues Associated with the Safe Movement of Hazardous Chemicals  

SciTech Connect

Moving hazardous chemicals presents the risk of exposure for workers engaged in the activity and others that might be in the immediate area. Adverse affects are specific to the chemicals and can range from minor skin, eye, or mucous membrane irritation, to burns, respiratory distress, nervous system dysfunction, or even death. A case study is presented where in the interest of waste minimization; original shipping packaging was removed from a glass bottle of nitric acid, while moving corrosive liquid through a security protocol into a Radiological Control Area (RCA). During the transfer, the glass bottle broke. The resulting release of nitric acid possibly exposed 12 employees with one employee being admitted overnight at a hospital for observation. This is a clear example of administrative controls to reduce the generation of suspect radioactive waste being implemented at the expense of employee health. As a result of this event, material handling procedures that assure the safe movement of hazardous chemicals through a security protocol into a radiological control area were developed. Specifically, hazardous material must be transferred using original shipping containers and packaging. While this represents the potential to increase the generation of suspect radioactive waste in a radiological controlled area, arguments are presented that justify this change. Security protocols for accidental releases are also discussed. In summary, the 12th rule of ''Green Chemistry'' (Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention) should be followed: the form of a substance used in a chemical process (Movement of Hazardous Chemicals) should be chosen to minimize the potential for chemical accidents, including releases.

Dare, J. H.; Cournoyer, M. E.

2002-02-26

463

Sedimentology of Arctic Fiords Experiment (SAFE): Project Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Geological Survey of Canada's project SAFE (Sedimentology of Arctic Fiords Experiment) was initiated in 1981 and is being car- ried out in a series of fiords situated along the east coast of Baffin Island. SAFE emphasizes the study of the Quaternary history and modern processes of arctic fiord environments. Project participants are interested in evaluating the significance of the

J. P. M. SYVITSKP; C. T. SCHAFER

464

12 CFR 238.8 - Safe and sound operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Safe and sound operations. 238.8 Section 238...General Provisions § 238.8 Safe and sound operations. (a) Savings and loan...holding company and is inconsistent with sound banking principles or the purposes...

2013-01-01

465

26 CFR 1.401(m)-3 - Safe harbor requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Safe harbor requirements. 1.401(m)-3 Section 1.401(m)-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.401(m)-3 Safe harbor requirements. (a) ACP...

2013-04-01

466

State of the Science on Safe Medication Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the report is to develop research priorities and clinical care and policy recommendations addressing the state of the art and science of safe medication administration. The objectives were to: (1) describe the state of the science in safe m...

D. J. Mason J. H. Barnsteiner K. Burke M. C. Alexander V. Rich

2005-01-01

467

Validity of surveys to assess safe routes to school programs  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Safe Routes to School programs are designed to make walking and bicycling to school safe and accessible for children. These programs promote children's physical activity and show promise for obesity prevention. However, there are few validated surveys to measure important outcomes such as student tr...

468

Validity of surveys to assess safe routes to school programs  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs are designed to make walking and bicycling to school safe and accessible for children. Despite the growing popularity of these programs, few validated measures exist for assessing important outcomes such as type of student transport and pedestrian safety behavio...

469

Examination of a University-Affiliated Safe Ride Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A university-affiliated safe ride program was evaluated to determine whether these programs can reduce drunk-driving related costs. Data was collected from 187 safe ride passengers during three nights of operation. Among the passengers, 93% were enrolled at a local University, 31% were younger than 21, and 40% reported a prior alcohol-related…

Gieck, D. Joseph; Slagle, David M.

2010-01-01

470

The Violence Continuum: Creating a Safe School Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We expect schools to be a safe haven, but after more than a decade of targeted school violence prevention laws and safety plans, students are still marginalized and bullied to the point of despondence, retaliation, and even suicide. This thoughtful exploration of what makes a school a safe place is based on the understanding that violence is a…

Manvell, Elizabeth C.

2012-01-01

471

Admissible release from the chernobyl new safe confinement  

SciTech Connect

Calculation of admissible releases at different exploitation stages of New Safe Confinement at the existing ChNPP ''Shelter'' object are given. Vain conclusions of calculations are given as well as recommendations for planning of activities connected with the New Safe Confinement construction.

Batiy, Valeriy; Paskevych, Sergei; Rudko, Vladimir; Sizov, Andrey; Shcherbin, Vladimir; Schmieman, Eric A.

2005-08-08

472

Design guidelines for safe construction of concrete buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study consists of four parts: (1) design considerations; (2) analysis method of load effects; (3) general design guidelines; and (4) safety analysis and inspection during construction.^ In part 1, the research significance and literature review in the field of safe construction of concrete buildings are introduced. The design policy and method for safe construction are then explained. The models

Ming-Zhu Duan

1996-01-01

473

Global Liquidity: Availability of Funds for Safe and Risky Assets  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is global liquidity and how does it affect an economy? The paper addresses that question by looking at liquidity from two different perspectives: global liquidity as availability of funds in safe and risky asset markets. This distinction between safe and risky asset markets is important due to market segmentation, which called for unconventional monetary policy to restore a function

Akito Matsumoto

2011-01-01

474

BeSafeRx: Know Your Online Pharmacy  

MedlinePLUS

... Materials For the Media - BeSafeRx: Know Your Online Pharmacy FDA BeSafeRx is a national campaign to raise ... or druginfo@fda.hhs.gov . Know Your Online Pharmacy (featuring Gary Coody, FDA's National Health Fraud Coordinator) ...

475

RU 486\\/PROSTAGLANDIN THREATS TO SAFE PREGNANCY TERMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synopsis-Women's right to safe and legal abortion is under threat worldwide. News of the French abortion pill, RU 486, which is touted by its promoters as safe, quick, and easy with the control in women's hands, seems like the much awaited panacea to change the abortion debate. However, in this paper we dispute that chemical abortion is the answer to

RENATE KLEIN; LYNETTE J. DUMBLE

1992-01-01

476

Reception and Distribution of Safe Harbor Energy in Baltimore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how the energy from the new Safe Harbor line is received in Baltimore and how it fits into the total energy supply of steam and hydro. Safe Harbor energy being 60 cycles required a change in frequency from 62?? cycles and is tied in to the 25-cycle system by a 30,000-kw. frequency changer, the characteristics and control

A. S. Loizeaux

1933-01-01

477

Safe Schools Initiative Final Report: 1995-96.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Houston Independent School District (HISD) (Texas) was one of 16 districts nationwide to receive a Department of Education Safe Schools Discretionary Grant for the 1995-96 school year. This federally funded violence prevention program was called the HISD Safe Schools Initiative. The grant established a model for integrating existing and new…

Houston Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

478

Safe Sleep: One Organization's Approach to Enhancing Patient Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

As maternity units across the nation strive for a family-centered care environment, the question has been raised as to how to implement the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations for safe sleep and educate parents. This article reviews the current literature on safe sleep practices for infants and describes one organization's experience with an adverse patient event and the resulting safety

Tonya R. Johannemann; Laurie N. Conkright; Barbara B. Warner; Leslie Altimier; Marcia Swehla

2007-01-01

479

Student-Parent-Teacher Partnerships: Creating Safe Classrooms and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author talks about "Safe Space," an after school program created by a parent-teacher advisory board which maintained that students needed a safe in-school environment where they could openly talk about their out-of-school lives. Being that the school's curriculum heavily focused on academic standards, students' affective…

Hall, Horace R.

2008-01-01

480

An Introductory Packet on Violence Prevention and Safe Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents a collection of resources on violence prevention and safe schools. This document contains the following parts: (1) Introduction; (2) A Few Resource Aids; (3) Public Policy and Funding Opportunities; (4) More Resource Aids on Violence Prevention and Safe Schools; and (5) Concluding Comment. Individual sections contain…

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2007

2007-01-01

481

The Role of Safe Havens in Islamist Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will develop an explanatory theory on terrorist safe havens. Focusing on Islamist Terrorist networks, this article argues that four specific conditions are necessary for the establishment of a safe haven for Islamist terrorist networks: geographic features, weak governance, history of corruption and violence, and poverty. At the conclusion of the article, the developed theory is applied to the

Cristiana C. Brafman Kittner

2007-01-01

482

Plant procedures, principles of information processing, and incorporation of DOE guidelines: A juggling act  

SciTech Connect

Procedure format and style--the manner in which information is organized and visually presented to the procedure user--strongly influence procedure usability, and therefore influence safety and efficiency. The purpose of this paper is to describe recent and on-going efforts at the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) to enhance plant procedures by applying established principles of human information processing in procedure development, and to educate plant personnel (especially those involved in procedure development) to the importance of these issues in maintaining safe and efficient operations.

Mecherikoff, M.; Caccamise, D.J.

1993-06-01

483

The case for fire safe cigarettes made through industry documents  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To examine the extensive research undertaken by the tobacco industry over the past 25 years toward development of a fire safe cigarette. Methods: Research was conducted through a web based search of internal tobacco industry documents made publicly available through the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement. Results: The documents reveal that the tobacco industry produced a fire safe cigarette years ago, but failed to put it on the market. These findings contradict public industry claims that denied the technical feasibility and commercial acceptability of fire safe cigarettes. Internal documents also reveal a decades long, coordinated political strategy used to block proposed legislation and obfuscate the fire safe issue. Conclusions: Federal legislation mandating fire safe cigarettes is needed.

Gunja, M; Wayne, G; Landman, A; Connolly, G; McGuire, A

2002-01-01

484

Work transitions.  

PubMed

Individuals make choices in, and adjust to, a world of work that is often a moving target. Because work is so central to human functioning, and transitions in and out of work can have major mental health repercussions, the authors argue that applied psychologists in health services need to understand those transitions. This article focuses on the different types of transition throughout a person's working life and the resources needed at different stages to ensure the success of these transitions. The authors start by examining the roles of capability and adaptability in supporting and facilitating adjustment to work transitions and their relation to identity development. They then examine the role of social and institutional contexts in shaping work transitions and their outcomes. The authors focus on voluntary versus involuntary transitions and then broaden the lens in discussing the policy implications of research on work transitions. PMID:18473609

Fouad, Nadya A; Bynner, John

485

Reduction-in-Force: Working Policies and Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reduction-in-force (RIF) policies presented here are intended to represent the variety of approaches currently being used throughout the nation. They were obtained through inquiries to personnel in more than 100 U.S. school districts. They are presented to give principals and assistant principals information to allow them to play an…

National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.

486

Why HVAC commissioning procedures do not work in humid climates  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses ways to avoid moisture damage to buildings caused by improper commissioning of HVAC systems during periods of high humidity. The topics of the article include moisture control strategies, air leakage in hot, humid climates, commissioning HVAC systems, and case studies covering central exhaust systems, building chases being used as air distribution systems, and leakage at guest room fan coil units.

DuBose, G.H.; Odom, J.D. III [CH2M Hill, Orlando, FL (United States); Fairey, P.W. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (United States)

1993-12-01

487

Stop Disease: Diapering Procedures = Alto a las Enfermedades: Procedimientos para Cambiar Panales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to prevent the occurrence and spread of disease in California child care programs, this set of laminated procedure pages, in English and Spanish versions, details infant and child care procedures for safe diapering. The document delineates important rules about diapering, gives directions for making a disinfecting solution, and provides…

California Child Care Health Program, Oakland.

488

The Ross Procedure: Shorter Hospital Stay, Decreased Morbidity, and Cost Effective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The Ross procedure has become an accepted and sometimes preferred alternative to mechanical aortic valve replacement. One criticism of the Ross procedure is that it may have a higher operative mortality, morbidity, and cost. Several groups have shown that this operation can be performed safely with less than 3% mortality. The issue of higher cost has not been resolved.

James Jaggers; John K Harrison; Thomas M Bashore; Robert D Davis; Donald D Glower; Ross M Ungerleider

1998-01-01

489

Stop Disease: Diapering Procedures = Alto a las Enfermedades: Procedimientos para Cambiar Panales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to prevent the occurrence and spread of disease in California child care programs, this set of laminated procedure pages, in English and Spanish versions, details infant and child care procedures for safe diapering. The document delineates important rules about diapering, gives directions for making a disinfecting solution, and provides…

California Child Care Health Program, Oakland.

490

A Comparison of Distractors for Controlling Distress in Young Children During Medical Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distraction is a strategy that has been shown to be effective and safe in the control of pain and distress. We assessed the utility of two simple distraction procedures for reducing children's pain and distress. Three conditions, control, brief film, and short story, were delivered during repeated medical procedures in a randomized sequence to eight young children with cancer. Scores

Selwyn Mason; Malcolm H. Johnson; Cheryl Woolley

1999-01-01

491

Environmentally Safe SRM Strategies Using Liquefied Air  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation includes several SRM strategies to offset global warming using the large scale release of liquefied air (Lair). Lair could be used to cool large atmospheric volumes as it expands from a liquid below minus 300 degrees F (-184 degrees C) into ambient air, which could trigger new clouds or brighten existing clouds. It is hoped that the potential feasibility and benefits of this concept would be found to warrant further development through funded research. A key trait of Lair is its enormous expansion ratio in warming from a cold liquid into ambient air. At sea level, this expansion is about 900 times. At high altitudes such as 50,000 ft (15 km) the same amount of Lair would expand 5,000 times. One strategy for this concept would be to release Lair at 50,000 ft to super-cool existing water vapor into reflective droplets or ice particles. This could create very large clouds thick enough to be highly-reflective and high enough for long residence times. Another strategy to consider for this concept would be to release CCN’s (such as salt particulates) along with Lair. This might enable the formation of clouds where Lair alone is insufficient. Water vapor could also be added to assist in cloud development if necessary. The use of these elements would be non-polluting, enabling the concept to be safely scaled as large as necessary to achieve the desired results without harming the environment. This is extremely important, because it eliminates the risk of environmental damage that is a potential roadblock for most other SRM schemes. Further strategies of this concept would include formation of clouds near the equator to maximize reflected energy, creating clouds over ocean regions so as to minimize weather changes on land, and creating clouds over Arctic regions to minimize the melting of sea ice. Because this concept requires only existing technology to implement, research and implementation timelines could be minimized (unlike most proposed schemes that require new technologies). Energy required for this concept should be very reasonable. Each ton of Lair would require about 345 kW-hrs of energy or less to produce. Assuming power costs 0.1 per kW-hr, energy cost per ton of Lair would be about 34.50 US. Each 100-ton payload of Lair would then cost $3,450 US or just 12.4 cents per gallon (3.3 cents per liter). More extreme weather events are predicted as the planet warms. It should be noted that Lair might also be used to help limit the destructiveness of these events. The same aircraft and Lair tanks from this concept could be used to perform missions that cool the “heat engines” of severe weather, limiting hurricane strength, reducing the likelihood of tornado’s and limiting excessive rain that causes flooding. Also, by loading the Lair tanks with liquid nitrogen, it might be possible to help control large wildfires using wind to blanket fire lines with gaseous nitrogen. Therefore this concept could have multiple uses and solve several problems related to global warming, as well as help to limit global warming itself.

Massmann, M.; Layton, K.

2010-12-01

492

The MILD procedure.  

PubMed

We are following with great interest the increasing generally favorable impressions of the long-term results of the MILD (minimally invasive lumbar decompression) procedure for treating spinal stenosis due to hypertrophied ligamentum flavum (LF). We are also influenced by the cautionary surgical observations and opinions of Tumialan et al and publications about the lack of efficacy or placebo effect. The impression indeed has been virtual safety of the MILD procedure, but Tumialan et al describe some major complications resulting from the procedure. An algorithm for clinical use is needed. PMID:23517504

Racz, Gabor B; Heavner, James E; Bosscher, Hemmo; Helm, Standiford

2013-03-20

493

Optimal and Safe Bowel Preparation for Colonoscopy  

PubMed Central

Effective colonoscopy requires an adequate level of cleansing as a basic component. This review will describe a compact review about general considerations in bowel preparation for colonoscopy and specific considerations for various patients. A low-fiber diet instead of a regular diet on the day before colonoscopy is an independent predictor of adequate bowel preparation. Improved bowel cleansing does not result from the routine use of enemas or prokinetics in addition to oral bowel preparation. For morning colonoscopy, a split method of 4 L polyethylene glycol on the day before and the day of colonoscopy is recommended, while patients scheduled for afternoon colonoscopy typically receive a full method of 4 L polyethylene glycol on the day of the procedure. Valid alternatives are 2 L polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid or 2 L sodium picosulphate plus magnesium citrate. Although there are no statistically significant differences between polyethylene glycol and oral sodium phosphate for colon cleansing, polyethylene glycol-based bowel preparation is advisable in most situations because of safety concerns.

2013-01-01

494

PUREX facility preclosure work plan  

SciTech Connect

This preclosure work plan presents a description of the PUREX Facility, the history of the waste managed, and addresses transition phase activities that position the PUREX Facility into a safe and environmentally secure configuration. For purposes of this documentation, the PUREX Facility does not include the PUREX Storage Tunnels (DOE/RL-90/24). Information concerning solid waste management units is discussed in the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application, General Information Portion (DOE/RL-91-28, Appendix 2D).

Engelmann, R.H.

1997-04-24

495

Workplace Violence Nursing Health & Employment Outcomes: The 'Safe at Work' Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Workplace violence, including workplace intimate partner violence, has major long-term health and employment outcomes and affects nursing personnel in significant numbers. By affecting productivity, absenteeism and job satisfaction workplace violence also...

A. D. Wolf B. K. Fowler C. Lindauer C. Ross C. Vincent D. Sheridan E. J. Kub G. Moscou-Jackson J. Agnew J. Campbell J. Deaton J. T. Messing L. LaFlair R. Bolyard S. Fitzgerald

2009-01-01

496

A good practice guide for safe work with nanoparticles: The Quebec approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

new industrial revolution has already begun around nanotechnologies, letting us anticipate major scientific breakthroughs that will affect each economic activity sector and whose expected global economic impacts will exceed 1000 billion annually by 2012. Simultaneously, many studies reveal that nanoparticles represent different occupational health and safety (OHS) risks unique to them and that often differ from the risks related to

C. Ostiguy; B. Roberge; L. Ménard; C. A. Endo

2009-01-01

497

Putting endotoxin to work for us: Monophosphoryl lipid A as a safe and effective vaccine adjuvant  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  The development of non-infectious subunit vaccines greatly increases the safety of prophylactic immunization, but also reinforces\\u000a the need for a new generation of immunostimulatory adjuvants. Because adverse effects are a paramount concern in prophylactic\\u000a immunization, few new adjuvants have received approval for use anywhere in the developed world. The vaccine adjuvant monophosphoryl\\u000a lipid A is a detoxified form of the

C. R. Casella; T. C. Mitchell

2008-01-01

498

Safe Communities--Safe Schools: Guide to Effective Program Selection. A Tool for Community Violence Prevention Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools, agencies and individuals seeking to implement a violence prevention program have many options from which to choose--they also have a responsibility to choose wisely. This program guide has been developed to assist Safe Communities--Safe Schools (SCSS) sites, as well as other organizations and individuals interested in selecting and…

Elliott, Delbert S.; Grady, Jane M.; Heys, Landa; Bell, Holly; Woodward, Bill; Williams, Susan

2003-01-01

499

Safe Communities--Safe Schools: Guide to Effective Program Selection. A Tool for Community Violence Prevention Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools, agencies and individuals seeking to implement a violence prevention program have many options from which to choose--they also have a responsibility to choose wisely. This program guide has been developed to assist Safe Communities--Safe Schools (SCSS) sites, as well as other organizations and individuals interested in selecting and…

Elliott, Delbert S.; Grady, Jane M.; Heys, Landa; Bell, Holly; Woodward, Bill; Williams, Susan

2003-01-01

500

National Evaluation of the Safe Kids/Safe Streets Program: Final Report. Volume 4. Survey of Agency Personnel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many studies suggest that child abuse and neglect are risk factors for the development of juvenile delinquency and other problem behaviors. The Safe Kids/Safe Streets (SK/SS) program is designed to break the cycle by funding community collaboratives to un...

D. Schultz F. Gragg K. Eisen R. Cronin

2004-01-01