Sample records for safety pedestrian safety

  1. Pedestrian Safety Almost Everyone is a Pedestrian

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Pedestrian Safety #12;Almost Everyone is a Pedestrian 12 Percent of Traffic to yield Enforcement of pedestrian right-of-way laws Teaching people how to safety Fatalities Most occur in cities Many occur at night #12;Many Say Pedestrian

  2. Pedestrian Safety in Denmark

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SŘREN UNDERLIEN JENSEN

    1999-01-01

    The number of pedestrian injuries has decreased since the mid-1960s in Denmark. Danish travel surveys show that Danes walk fewer and fewer kilometers; hence, the injury rate for pedestrians has remained almost unchanged since 1980. Results are presented from a comparison study on road safety, modal split, demography, and so forth in 47 Danish cities. A result from the study

  3. Designing for Pedestrian Safety... 1

    E-print Network

    Walter, M.Todd

    Contents Designing for Pedestrian Safety... 1 2014 Highway School by the Numbers .... 4 Materials is available online! www.clrp.cornell.edu/ nuggets_and_nibbles Designing for Pedestrian Safety Al Bachner, P Council (NYMTC) hosted the FHWA's Designing for Pedestrian Safety workshop. This training is designed

  4. Teach Children Pedestrian Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faber, Marilyn M.

    1997-01-01

    Provides advice on teaching children safe pedestrian and bicycling skills to reduce accidents caused by mistakes made in crossing streets. Provides an interactive safe-walker's story, tips for walking safely, step-by-step instructions for safe street crossing, bicycle safety information, a quiz for safe biking, and guidelines to ensure a proper…

  5. Pedestrian Safety Awareness Campaign September 4, 2012

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    Pedestrian Safety Awareness Campaign September 4, 2012 This week, the Department of Public Safety launched a pedestrian safety awareness campaign at Syracuse University. During the next couple Avenues. Ensuring the safety of pedestrians involves pedestrians and drivers. We ask that pedestrians

  6. Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 14: Pedestrian Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    Volume 14 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on pedestrian safety. The purpose and objectives of a pedestrian safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the area of pedestrian safety and policies regarding a safety program…

  7. School Pedestrian Safety for Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flagg, Jean; And Others

    The curriculum guide on School Pedestrian Safety was developed because of the need for an understanding of good safety practices. The guide covers three major areas: Pedestrian Safety, Bus Safety, and Bicycle Safety. The project has been developed in a loose-leaf binder to allow teachers a great deal of flexibility in developing their own program.…

  8. Teaching Pedestrian Safety Skills to Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jada A. Miller; John Austin; Don Rohn

    2004-01-01

    This study employed a multiple baseline design with a reversal to evaluate the effects of two interventions for improving pedestrian safety: (a) a pedestrian safety awareness campaign and (b) a training, feedback, and reinforcement package. Elementary school children in grades one through six were the participants. Six behaviors pertinent to pedestrian safety were targeted by this study: (a) waiting at

  9. Teaching Pedestrian Safety Skills to Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jada A.; Austin, John; Rohn, Don

    2004-01-01

    This study employed a multiple baseline design with a reversal to evaluate the effects of two interventions for improving pedestrian safety: (a) a pedestrian safety awareness campaign and (b) a training, feedback, and reinforcement package. Elementary school children in grades one through six were the participants. Six behaviors pertinent to…

  10. Boise State University Bicycle/Pedestrian Safety Master Plan

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Boise State University Bicycle/Pedestrian Safety Master Plan SEPTEMBER 2010 #12;#12;BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY BICYCLE / PEDESTRIAN SAFETY MASTER PLAN Prepared for: Boise State University Prepared by: Alta..............................................................................................................................................1 Bike or Pedestrian Only Routes

  11. Arizona Traffic Safety Education, K-8. Pedestrian Safety, Grade 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

    One in a series designed to assist Arizona elementary and junior high school teachers in developing children's traffic safety skills, this curriculum guide contains eight lessons on pedestrian safety for use in grade 2. Introductory information provided for the teacher includes basic highway safety concepts, stressing communication methods for…

  12. Arizona Traffic Safety Education, K-3. Pedestrian Safety, Grade 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

    One in a series designed to assist Arizona elementary and junior high school teachers in developing children's traffic safety skills, this curriculum guide contains nine lessons on pedestrian safety for use in grade 3. Introductory information provided for the teacher includes basic highway safety concepts, stressing communication methods for…

  13. PEDESTRIAN SAFETY IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Downing; Ivan Sayer; Malik Zaheer-UI-Islam

    Thiis paper describes some of the pedestrian safety research carried out jointly by the UK 's Transport Research Laboratory (7RL), Karachi 's Traffic Engineering Bureau (TEB) and counterpart organ isations in Botswana, Paptla New Guinea and Zimnbab we. Pedestrian fatalities in Asia, Africa, the Caribbean and the Middle East typically represent more than 40 per cent of all road deaths.

  14. International Scan on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    International Scan on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility: May 2009 Sponsored by Federal Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility ­ Policy ­ Engineering ­ Education ­ Enforcement · Safe Routes to School Programs · Monitoring Usage Levels and Exposure · Safety Research and Evaluation 3Introduction

  15. Active Pedestrian Safety by Automatic Braking and Evasive Steering

    E-print Network

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    1 Active Pedestrian Safety by Automatic Braking and Evasive Steering C. Keller, T. Dang, H. Fritz of crashes. This paper presents a novel active pedestrian safety system, which combines sensing, situation-- pedestrian detection, computer vision, active safety ITS, vehicle control I. INTRODUCTION Pedestrians

  16. Improvement of Pedestrian Crossing Safety on Urban Roads

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dongdong Qiu; Qing Xu; Jielin Zhang

    2010-01-01

    There is a big number of pedestrians on Chinese urban roads. A specific study on pedestrian crossing is therefore significant in ensuring pedestrian safety and convenience. This article analyzed that the increase in pedestrian traffic accidents resulted from the pedestrian violation of traffic rules and the poor crossing facilities. Based on the improvement of pedestrian crossing facilities, the article gave

  17. Walk This Way! Taking Steps for Pedestrian Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... CDC Features Walk This Way! Taking Steps for Pedestrian Safety Language: English Espańol (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... following resources offer tips on how to promote pedestrian safety for children—a critical step in preventing child ...

  18. Pedestrians. Traffic Safety Facts, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This document provides statistical information on U.S. traffic accidents involving pedestrians. Data tables include: (1) trends in pedestrian and total traffic fatalities, 1990-2000; (2) pedestrians killed and injured, by age group, 2000; (3) non-occupant traffic fatalities, 1990-2000; (4) pedestrian fatalities, by time of day and day of week,…

  19. Traffic Safety Facts, 2001: Pedestrians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This document provides statistical information on U.S. traffic accidents involving pedestrians. Data tables include: (1) trends in pedestrian and total traffic fatalities, 1991-2001; (2) pedestrians killed and injured, by age group, 2001; (3) non-occupant traffic fatalities, 1991-2001; (4) pedestrian fatalities, by time of day and day of week,…

  20. Space Syntax: An Innovative Pedestrian Volume Modeling Tool for Pedestrian Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Noah Raford; David R. Ragland

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes an innovative pedestrian modeling technique known as Space Syntax, which was used to create estimates of pedestrian volumes for the city of Oakland, California. These estimates were used to calculate pedestrian exposure rates and to create a Relative Risk Index for the city’s first pedestrian master plan. A major challenge facing planners, transportation engineers, and pedestrian-safety advocates

  1. Pedestrian Safety and Transit Corridors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Mitchell Hess; Anne Vernez Moudon; Julie M. Matlick

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Abstract Abstract Abstract This research examines the relationship between pedestrian accident locations on state-owned facilities (highways and urban arterials) and the presence of riders load- ing and alighting from bus transit. Many state facilities are important metropolitan transit corridors with large numbers of bus stops users, resulting in increased expo- sure of pedestrians to traffic and in increased numbers

  2. The Safety of Older Pedestrians at Signal-Controlled Crossings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrell, W. Andrew

    1996-01-01

    Observes the extent to which pedestrians checked for oncoming traffic before crossing signal-controlled intersections on busy city streets. Pedestrians over the age of 50 were the most cautious, especially under dangerous traffic conditions. Older pedestrians were least likely to use other pedestrians as "guides" to safety, instead checking for…

  3. Addressing Pedestrian Safety: A Content Analysis of Pedestrian Master Plans in North Carolina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David K. Jones; Kelly R. Evenson; Daniel A. Rodriguez; Semra A. Aytur

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To systematically examine the content of pedestrian master plans in North Carolina in order to assess whether and how these plans were designed to improve pedestrian safety.Methods: All current pedestrian master plans in North Carolina through 2008 were gathered and examined using content analysis. A safety quality index was developed to assess the thoroughness with which a plan addressed

  4. 49 CFR 571.131 - Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. 571.131 Section...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. S1. Scope. ...school buses to improve the safety of pedestrians in the vicinity of...

  5. 49 CFR 571.131 - Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. 571.131 Section...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. S1. Scope. ...school buses to improve the safety of pedestrians in the vicinity of...

  6. 49 CFR 571.131 - Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. 571.131 Section...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. S1. Scope. ...school buses to improve the safety of pedestrians in the vicinity of...

  7. 49 CFR 571.131 - Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. 571.131 Section...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. S1. Scope. ...school buses to improve the safety of pedestrians in the vicinity of...

  8. 49 CFR 571.131 - Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. 571.131 Section...Standard No. 131; School bus pedestrian safety devices. S1. Scope. ...school buses to improve the safety of pedestrians in the vicinity of...

  9. The evaluation of a central-city pedestrian safety campaign

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Niki Harré; Wendy Wrapson

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the evaluation of a central city safety campaign designed to decrease red light crossing by pedestrians and encourage left turning drivers to give way to pedestrians. Five intersections were saturated with visual media and a schedule of interactive footpath mime and rewards for safe behaviour. The proportion of pedestrians crossing on the red light almost halved from

  10. Validity of instruments to assess students' travel and pedestrian safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason A Mendoza; Kathy Watson; Tom Baranowski; Theresa A Nicklas; Doris K Uscanga; Marcus J Hanfling

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs are designed to make walking and bicycling to school safe and accessible for children. Despite their growing popularity, few validated measures exist for assessing important outcomes such as type of student transport or pedestrian safety behaviors. This research validated the SRTS school travel survey and a pedestrian safety behavior checklist. METHODS: Fourth grade

  11. Primary Grade Teachers' Perceptions and Practices regarding Pedestrian Safety Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lartey, Grace K.; Price, James H.; Telljohann, Susan K.; Dake, Joseph A.; Yingling, Faith

    2007-01-01

    Background: Pedestrian injury is the third leading cause of unintentional injury and death among children 1-14 years old. The purpose of this study was to examine primary grade teachers' perceived role in pedestrian safety education. Methods: A total of 630 surveys were sent to a national random sample of primary school teachers and 54% responded.…

  12. Pedestrian Safety--A Step in the Right Direction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

    This guide contains interdisciplinary teaching materials to help administrators and teachers develop pedestrian safety programs. The materials can be easily integrated with language arts, art, and social studies courses. Objectives of the materials, which can be used in kindergarten through grade nine, include understanding pedestrians' rights and…

  13. Renewed Commitment to Traffic Calming for Pedestrian Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheila Sarkar; A. A. JAN NEDERVEEN; Albert Pols

    1997-01-01

    Success of road design depends to a large extent on how safe it is for different users. Unfortunately, in most instances the definition of road users in the United States has precluded pedestrians and bicyclists. Safety of pedestrians and bicyclists is most often relegated to a mar- ginal status in many parts of the urban areas. The roads in the

  14. Mobilizing for pedestrian safety: an experiment in community action

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A B Bergman; B Gray; J M Moffat; E S Simpson; F P Rivara

    2002-01-01

    In contrast to the steady reduction in mortality and morbidity from collisions involving motor vehicle occupants, relatively little progress has been made in controlling motor vehicle\\/pedestrian collisions. Engineering modifications are the most effective means of reducing such collisions, but mainly because of their cost, and public apathy about pedestrian safety, are too rarely employed. A modest experiment in community action

  15. 17. View of masonry gatehouse, safety gates and pedestrian waiting ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. View of masonry gatehouse, safety gates and pedestrian waiting shelter with ripped copper roofing and missing columns. (Nov. 30, 1988) - University Heights Bridge, Spanning Harlem River at 207th Street & West Harlem Road, New York, New York County, NY

  16. Safety Action; Traffic and Pedestrian Safety. A Guide for Teachers in the Elementary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

    GRADES OR AGES: Elementary, grades 1-6. SUBJECT MATTER: Safety action, traffic and pedestrian safety. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: After introductory material explaining the philosophy of the guide, the elementary school child, characteristics of children as related to safety, and the responsibility of the safety team, the guide has…

  17. Multi-level hot zone identification for pedestrian safety.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jaeyoung; Abdel-Aty, Mohamed; Choi, Keechoo; Huang, Helai

    2015-03-01

    According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), while fatalities from traffic crashes have decreased, the proportion of pedestrian fatalities has steadily increased from 11% to 14% over the past decade. This study aims at identifying two zonal levels factors. The first is to identify hot zones at which pedestrian crashes occurs, while the second are zones where crash-involved pedestrians came from. Bayesian Poisson lognormal simultaneous equation spatial error model (BPLSESEM) was estimated and revealed significant factors for the two target variables. Then, PSIs (potential for safety improvements) were computed using the model. Subsequently, a novel hot zone identification method was suggested to combine both hot zones from where vulnerable pedestrians originated with hot zones where many pedestrian crashes occur. For the former zones, targeted safety education and awareness campaigns can be provided as countermeasures whereas area-wide engineering treatments and enforcement may be effective safety treatments for the latter ones. Thus, it is expected that practitioners are able to suggest appropriate safety treatments for pedestrian crashes using the method and results from this study. PMID:25603547

  18. Arizona Traffic Safety Education, K-8. Pedestrian Safety, Grades K-1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

    One in a series designed to assist Arizona elementary and junior high school teachers in developing children's traffic safety skills, this curriculum guide contains thirteen lessons on pedestrian safety for use in kindergarten and grade 1. Introductory information provided for the teacher includes basic highway safety concepts, stressing…

  19. Computer Vision and Machine Learning for Enhancing Pedestrian Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarak Gandhi; Mohan M. Trivedi

    2008-01-01

    Accidents involving pedestrians is one of the leading causes of death and injury around the world. Intelligent driver support\\u000a systems hold a promise to minimize accidents and save many lives. Such a system would detect the pedestrian, predict the possibility\\u000a of collision, and then warn the driver or engage automatic braking or other safety devices. This chapter describes the framework

  20. Does Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Affect Children's Pedestrian Safety?

    PubMed Central

    Avis, Kristin T.; Gamble, Karen L.; Schwebel, David C.

    2014-01-01

    Study Objectives: Many cognitive factors contribute to unintentional pedestrian injury, including reaction time, impulsivity, risk-taking, attention, and decision-making. These same factors are negatively influenced by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), which may place children with EDS at greater risk for pedestrian injury. Design, Participants, and Methods: Using a case-control design, 33 children age 8 to 16 y with EDS from an established diagnosis of narcolepsy or idiopathic hypersomnia (IHS) engaged in a virtual reality pedestrian environment while unmedicated. Thirty-three healthy children matched by age, race, sex, and household income served as controls. Results: Children with EDS were riskier pedestrians than healthy children. They were twice as likely to be struck by a virtual vehicle in the virtual pedestrian environment than healthy controls. Attentional skills of looking at oncoming traffic were not impaired among children with EDS, but decision-making for when to cross the street safely was significantly impaired. Conclusions: Results suggest excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) from the clinical sleep disorders known as the hypersomnias of central origin may have significant consequences on children's daytime functioning in a critical domain of personal safety, pedestrian skills. Cognitive processes involved in safe pedestrian crossings may be impaired in children with EDS. In the pedestrian simulation, children with EDS appeared to show a pattern consistent with inattentional blindness, in that they “looked but did not process” information in their pedestrian environment. Results highlight the need for heightened awareness of potentially irreversible consequences of untreated sleep disorders and identify a possible target for pediatric injury prevention. Citation: Avis KT; Gamble KL; Schwebel DC. Does excessive daytime sleepiness affect children's pedestrian safety? SLEEP 2014;37(2):283-287. PMID:24497656

  1. Advancing Pedestrian Safety at Rail Grade Crossings Paul Metaxatos and P.S. Sriraj

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Advancing Pedestrian Safety at Rail Grade Crossings Paul Metaxatos and P.S. Sriraj Urban The paper highlights the multitude of factors related to pedestrian safety in this context,10 and provides Keywords: safety, pedestrians, non-motorists, rail grade crossings14 TRB 2013 Annual Meeting Paper revised

  2. THE BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF A SIMULATOR-BASED TRAINING ON THE ELDERLY PEDESTRIAN SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THE BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF A SIMULATOR-BASED TRAINING ON THE ELDERLY PEDESTRIAN SAFETY Dommes, there are surprisingly no studies on improving the safety of elderly pedestrians through training. The present study pedestrians killed on the road even reaches 63%. Developing countermeasures for improving the safety of stree

  3. Development of Pedestrian-to-Vehicle Communication System Prototype for Pedestrian Safety Using both Wide-Area and Direct Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chika Sugimoto; Yasuhisa Nakamura; Takuya Hashimoto

    2008-01-01

    We propose a prototype pedestrian-to-vehicle communication system which uses a cellular phone and wireless communication to improve the safety of pedestrians. One of the effectual measures against pedestrian-to-vehicle accidents is to make each of pedestrians and drivers find the others and recognize the risk from out of sight and with time to spare for avoidance of accidents. A pedestrian-to-vehicle communication

  4. Toy Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Safety Car and Road Child Passenger Safety Child Pedestrian Safety Frontovers and Backovers Getting Ready to Drive Safety ... We Work Research Programs Button Battery Safety Child Pedestrian Safety International Walk to School Day Halloween Safety Environmental ...

  5. California Guide for Pedestrian Safety Education. Volumes I-III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    This guide is designed to serve as the basis for a pedestrian safety education program for pupils in kindergarten through grade two. The basic printed materials for use in the program are provided in three volumes, each of which is intended for a different audience. Volume I, directed to school administrators and teachers, contains information for…

  6. Validity of instruments to assess students' travel and pedestrian safety

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs are designed to make walking and bicycling to school,safe and accessible for children. Despite their growing popularity, few validated measures exist for assessing important outcomes such as type of student transport or pedestrian safety behaviors. This research...

  7. Motorcycle Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Research & Activities Data & Statistics Policy Impact Distracted Driving Pedestrian Safety Get the Facts National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety Native American Road Safety Get the Facts Research & ...

  8. Pedestrian Safety Based on Laserscanner Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Fürstenberg; IBEO Automobile Sensor

    This paper presents a prototype system for the early detection of a car-to-pedestrian accident that has been tested in a passenger car. For environment sensing a high resolution Multilayer-Laserscanner with a horizontal field of view of about 120 degree in front of the vehicle is used, which covers more than 70% of all car-to-pedestrian accidents. Under consideration of a moving

  9. CAR2-X and Pedestrian Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Klaus David; Alexander Flach

    2010-01-01

    Traffic accidents involving pedestrians or cyclists cause thousands of fatalities and serious injuries every year. In this article, we present an innovative approach for a collision avoidance system that seeks to reduce these accidents. We also discuss the different architectural approaches utilizing ad hoc and\\/or cellular technologies and different processing setups and present a physical analysis of the system time

  10. Mobile telephones, distracted attention, and pedestrian safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack Nasar; Peter Hecht; Richard Wener

    2008-01-01

    Driver distraction is a major cause of traffic accidents, with mobile telephones as a key source of distraction. In two studies, we examined distraction of pedestrians associated with mobile phone use. The first had 60 participants walk along a prescribed route, with half of them conversing on a mobile phone, and the other half holding the phone awaiting a potential

  11. Simulated evaluation of pedestrian safety for flat-front vehicles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Shen; X.-L. Jin; X.-Y. Zhang

    2008-01-01

    This study evaluates the effect of front shape on pedestrian safety by simulation test on the basis of a flat-front car. In this simulation, the multi-body models of full-scale dummy and vehicle are used. The contact stiffness is derived from the finite-element simulations of the European Experimental Vehicles Committee sub-system tests, which is validated by the application to a real-world

  12. Optimal Design of HGV Front Structure for Pedestrian Safety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramli, Faiz Redza; Yamazaki, Koetsu

    This paper addresses a pedestrian safety design of front structure of Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) by two concepts; firstly by equipping a lower bumper stiffener structure under the front bumper and secondly by putting an airbag in front of the HGV front panel. In this study, HGV-pedestrian collision accident was simulated by the crash analysis solver MADYMO environment, where the HGV model with the speed of 20 km/h was collided with an adult male and with an adult female pedestrian, respectively. The bumper and lower bumper stiffener were varied their positions, while the airbag was adjusted the vent hole size and the position of airbag in front of front panel vertically. The pedestrian injuries that can be sustained during the simulation impact were limited at the critical body parts of head, chest, upper leg; an injury criteria of Head Injury Criterion (HIC), Thorax Cumulative 3ms Acceleration (C3ms) and peak loads of femur, respectively. Because of various parameters and constraints of initial conditions and injury thresholds, a multi-objective optimization design problem considered these main injury criterion is solved in order to achieve the best solution for this study. The results of optimized design parameters for each cases and conditions were obtained and the possibilities of the proposed concept were discussed.

  13. Vehicle design and speed and pedestrian injury: Australia's involvement in the International Harmonised Research Activities Pedestrian Safety Expert Group

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Anderson; Jack McLean

    Australia is contributing to the International Harmonised Research Activities Pedestrian Safety Expert Group (IHRA PSEG) through research undertaken at the Road Accident Research Unit, and funded by the Commonwealth Department of Transport and Regional Services. The IHRA PSEG is charged with the development of test procedures for assessing the protection afforded by the vehicle to a pedestrian in the event

  14. Title of Project: Pedestrian Safety in Illinois, 1990-2000 Sponsors: Illinois Department of Transportation

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Title of Project: Pedestrian Safety in Illinois, 1990-2000 Sponsors: Illinois Department: Completed Objective: Identify the factors that are related to pedestrian fatalities in Illinois in the 1990s. Strategy: Pedestrian fatality data were obtained for each of the 102 counties in Illinois for an eleven

  15. Long-time stability of shape memory actuators for pedestrian safety system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Strittmatter; P. Gümpel; H. Zhigang

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Pedestrian safety systems play an increasing significant role to reduce injuries and fatal casualties caused by accidents. One automotive safety system for pedestrian protection is the bonnet lifting system. Using shape memory alloys (SMA) the existing systems could be simplified, performing the same function through new mechanisms with reduced size, weight and costs. A drawback for the use of

  16. Evaluating Pedestrian Safety Education Materials for Children Ages Five to Nine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Race, Kathryn E. H.

    1988-01-01

    Safety education messages aimed at young children should be simple and emphasize direct how-to-cross instructions. "Left-right-left" search messages appear to be effective in counteracting common pedestrian errors of children. Included is a list of 28 child pedestrian safety materials, evaluated and selected from 274 submissions, by the National…

  17. Impact of a pilot Walking School Bus intervention on children's pedestrian safety behaviors [abstract

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Walking School Bus (WSB) programs have increased children's active commuting to school and physical activity; however, the impact on child pedestrian safety behaviors has not been studied. Our study objective was to evaluate the impact of a WSB program on children's pedestrian safety behaviors. We c...

  18. WalkSafe: A Pedestrian Safety App for Mobile Phone Users Who Walk and Talk While Crossing Roads

    E-print Network

    Torresani, Lorenzo

    WalkSafe: A Pedestrian Safety App for Mobile Phone Users Who Walk and Talk While Crossing Roads distract users, presenting a significant impact to pedestrian safety; for example, a mobile phone user deep, improving the safety of pedestrian mobile phone users. WalkSafe uses the back camera of the mobile phone

  19. Safety Education. A Guide To Help Prevent Accidents Associated with the Home, Student Transportation, Disasters, Pedestrians, Passengers, Fires, Consumerism, Recreation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    This teacher's guide presents 10 instructional units for one portion of the Texas-approved course in driver and safety education. The units cover the following topics: what is safety?; accident causation and prevention; home safety; student transportation safety; disasters; pedestrian safety; passenger safety; fire safety; consumer safety; and…

  20. Racial differences and pedestrian safety: Some evidence from Maryland and implications for policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Randal Reed; Siddhartha Sen

    2005-01-01

    In the 1990s, federal legislation was passed requiring transportation planning to incorporate the interests of all stakeholder groups. One urban transportation mode that is often ignored is pedestrian movement. A group particularly susceptible to difficulties in this mode is the elderly. This study surveys the attitudes of senior citizens in regard to pedestrian safety and motorist interactions. We examine the

  1. The influence of carrying a backpack on college student pedestrian safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David C. Schwebel; Danielle Dulion Pitts; Despina Stavrinos

    2009-01-01

    University students walk frequently, and individuals ages 18–22 have among the highest rates of pedestrian injury among any age group in the United States. These injuries are caused by a wide range of individual, interpersonal, and environmental factors, but one factor that has not been previously considered carefully is the influence of wearing a heavy backpack on pedestrian safety. Backpacks

  2. Training children in pedestrian safety: distinguishing gains in knowledge from gains in safe behavior.

    PubMed

    Schwebel, David C; McClure, Leslie A

    2014-06-01

    Pedestrian injuries contribute greatly to child morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence suggests that training within virtual pedestrian environments may improve children's street crossing skills, but may not convey knowledge about safety in street environments. We hypothesized that (a) children will gain pedestrian safety knowledge via videos/software/internet websites, but not when trained by virtual pedestrian environment or other strategies; (b) pedestrian safety knowledge will be associated with safe pedestrian behavior both before and after training; and (c) increases in knowledge will be associated with increases in safe behavior among children trained individually at streetside locations, but not those trained by means of other strategies. We analyzed data from a randomized controlled trial evaluating pedestrian safety training. We randomly assigned 240 children ages 7-8 to one of four training conditions: videos/software/internet, virtual reality (VR), individualized streetside instruction, or a no-contact control. Both virtual and field simulations of street crossing at 2-lane bi-directional mid-block locations assessed pedestrian behavior at baseline, post-training, and 6-month follow-up. Pedestrian knowledge was assessed orally on all three occasions. Children trained by videos/software/internet, and those trained individually, showed increased knowledge following training relative to children in the other groups (ps < 0.01). Correlations between pedestrian safety knowledge and pedestrian behavior were mostly non-significant. Correlations between change in knowledge and change in behavior from pre- to post-intervention also were non-significant, both for the full sample and within conditions. Children trained using videos/software/internet gained knowledge but did not change their behavior. Children trained individually gained in both knowledge and safer behavior. Children trained virtually gained in safer behavior but not knowledge. If VR is used for training, tools like videos/internet might effectively supplement training. We discovered few associations between knowledge and behavior, and none between changes in knowledge and behavior. Pedestrian safety knowledge and safe pedestrian behavior may be orthogonal constructs that should be considered independently for research and training purposes. PMID:24573688

  3. Training Children in Pedestrian Safety: Distinguishing Gains in Knowledge from Gains in Safe Behavior

    PubMed Central

    McClure, Leslie A.

    2014-01-01

    Pedestrian injuries contribute greatly to child morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence suggests that training within virtual pedestrian environments may improve children’s street crossing skills, but may not convey knowledge about safety in street environments. We hypothesized that (a) children will gain pedestrian safety knowledge via videos/software/internet websites, but not when trained by virtual pedestrian environment or other strategies; (b) pedestrian safety knowledge will be associated with safe pedestrian behavior both before and after training; and (c) increases in knowledge will be associated with increases in safe behavior among children trained individually at streetside locations, but not those trained by means of other strategies. We analyzed data from a randomized controlled trial evaluating pedestrian safety training. We randomly assigned 240 children ages 7–8 to one of four training conditions: videos/software/internet, virtual reality (VR), individualized streetside instruction, or a no-contact control. Both virtual and field simulations of street crossing at 2-lane bi-directional mid-block locations assessed pedestrian behavior at baseline, post-training, and 6-month follow-up. Pedestrian knowledge was assessed orally on all three occasions. Children trained by videos/software/internet, and those trained individually, showed increased knowledge following training relative to children in the other groups (ps < 0.01). Correlations between pedestrian safety knowledge and pedestrian behavior were mostly non-significant. Correlations between change in knowledge and change in behavior from pre- to post-intervention also were non-significant, both for the full sample and within conditions. Children trained using videos/software/internet gained knowledge but did not change their behavior. Children trained individually gained in both knowledge and safer behavior. Children trained virtually gained in safer behavior but not knowledge. If VR is used for training, tools like videos/internet might effectively supplement training. We discovered few associations between knowledge and behavior, and none between changes in knowledge and behavior. Pedestrian safety knowledge and safe pedestrian behavior may be orthogonal constructs that should be considered independently for research and training purposes. PMID:24573688

  4. Pedestrian and traffic safety in parking lots at SNL/NM : audit background report.

    SciTech Connect

    Sanchez, Paul Ernest

    2009-03-01

    This report supplements audit 2008-E-0009, conducted by the ES&H, Quality, Safeguards & Security Audits Department, 12870, during fall and winter of FY 2008. The study evaluates slips, trips and falls, the leading cause of reportable injuries at Sandia. In 2007, almost half of over 100 of such incidents occurred in parking lots. During the course of the audit, over 5000 observations were collected in 10 parking lots across SNL/NM. Based on benchmarks and trends of pedestrian behavior, the report proposes pedestrian-friendly features and attributes to improve pedestrian safety in parking lots. Less safe pedestrian behavior is associated with older parking lots lacking pedestrian-friendly features and attributes, like those for buildings 823, 887 and 811. Conversely, safer pedestrian behavior is associated with newer parking lots that have designated walkways, intra-lot walkways and sidewalks. Observations also revealed that motorists are in widespread noncompliance with parking lot speed limits and stop signs and markers.

  5. Designing for the Safety of Pedestrians, Cyclists, and Motorists in Urban Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Dumbaugh; Wenhao Li

    2010-01-01

    Problem: While design solutions aimed at enhancing the safety of pedestrians are viewed as being incompatible with those intended to improve the safety of motorists, there has been little meaningful evaluation of the issue. Instead, this disagreement is based largely on the theoretical assertion that traffic crashes are the result of random driver error, and that the only certain means

  6. Pedestrian Safety: Injury Control Curriculum Guide (For K - 3rd Grade). Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wooner, Rosestelle B., Ed.

    This curriculum guide attempts to help the early childhood teacher show children how to incorporate safety precautions into daily life. Good safety practices can prevent the death or injury of young children by automobile, truck, bus, pedestrian, bicycle, and tricycle accidents. The guide focuses on student involvement in the learning process and…

  7. Design of experiment about foam CF45 for pedestrian safety in car design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Cappetti; A. Donnarumma; A. Naddeo; L. Russo

    2006-01-01

    A statistical approach based on the variance analysis allows to appraise the influence of the foam that covers leg impactors on results of the tests required by European New Car Assessment Program [EuroNCAP, Pedestrian Testing Protocol, Rel. 3.1.1, Gennaio, 2002] and ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers Association) for the safety of the pedestrians in case of accident. Impactor used to evaluate

  8. Development of a portable bicycle/pedestrian monitoring system for safety enhancement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Usher, Colin; Daley, W. D. R.

    2015-03-01

    Pedestrians involved in roadway accidents account for nearly 12 percent of all traffic fatalities and 59,000 injuries each year. Most injuries occur when pedestrians attempt to cross roads, and there have been noted differences in accident rates midblock vs. at intersections. Collecting data on pedestrian behavior is a time consuming manual process that is prone to error. This leads to a lack of quality information to guide the proper design of lane markings and traffic signals to enhance pedestrian safety. Researchers at the Georgia Tech Research Institute are developing and testing an automated system that can be rapidly deployed for data collection to support the analysis of pedestrian behavior at intersections and midblock crossings with and without traffic signals. This system will analyze the collected video data to automatically identify and characterize the number of pedestrians and their behavior. It consists of a mobile trailer with four high definition pan-tilt cameras for data collection. The software is custom designed and uses state of the art commercial pedestrian detection algorithms. We will be presenting the system hardware and software design, challenges, and results from the preliminary system testing. Preliminary results indicate the ability to provide representative quantitative data on pedestrian motion data more efficiently than current techniques.

  9. 3D vision sensing for improved pedestrian safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Grant Grubb; Alexander Zelinsky; Lars Nilsson; Magnus Rilbe

    2004-01-01

    Pedestrian-vehicle accidents account for the second largest source of automotive related fatality and injury worldwide. This paper presents a system which detects and tracks pedestrians in realtime for use with automotive pedestrian protection systems (PPS) aimed at reducing such pedestrian-vehicle related injury. The system is based on a passive stereo vision configuration which segments a scene into 3D objects, classifies

  10. Pedestrian behavior and safety on a two-stage crossing with a center refuge island and the effect of winter weather on pedestrian compliance rate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yue Li; Geoff Fernie

    2010-01-01

    Despite a burgeoning research effort directed at understanding the effects of age, gender, disability, group size, traffic control condition and street width on pedestrian safety and compliance rate as they cross a signalized intersection, remarkably little is known about the compliance rate at a signal controlled two-stage crossing and how pedestrians react to different weather conditions. The purpose of this

  11. Integrating Selective Attention into Developmental Pedestrian Safety Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin K. Barton

    2006-01-01

    Pedestrian injury affects thousands of Canadian children many of whom die as a result of related accidents. Pedestrian behaviours involve numerous cognitive development factors that influence the interaction between child and environment. One such cognitive factor is selective attention. Guided by a cognitive framework, this paper explores links between the development of selective attention and children's pedestrian behaviours, and suggests

  12. The influence of carrying a backpack on college student pedestrian safety.

    PubMed

    Schwebel, David C; Pitts, Danielle Dulion; Stavrinos, Despina

    2009-03-01

    University students walk frequently, and individuals ages 18-22 have among the highest rates of pedestrian injury among any age group in the United States. These injuries are caused by a wide range of individual, interpersonal, and environmental factors, but one factor that has not been previously considered carefully is the influence of wearing a heavy backpack on pedestrian safety. Backpacks are known to slow walking speed and disrupt perception of one's environment, so it is reasonable to question whether they might also influence safe pedestrian behavior. Ninety-six college students engaged in 20 street-crossings within a virtual pedestrian environment. Half the crossings were completed while bearing a backpack weighing 12% of their body weight; the other half were completed without any burdens. Results suggest that participants walked more slowly, left less safe time to spare after crossing the virtual street, and experienced more frequent hits or close calls with traffic when crossing while carrying the backpack. They also missed fewer safe opportunities to cross while carrying the backpack. Our tests of several demographic characteristics, pedestrian behaviors, and backpack use, as covariates suggest the finding holds across all subsamples included in our study. Implications for pedestrian safety and future research are discussed. PMID:19245896

  13. Classroom Activities in School Bus and Pedestrian Safety Education. Bulletin No. 93138.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Transportation, Madison.

    School bus and related pedestrian safety education is prevention-oriented so that students will learn how to avoid bus-related accidents. This manual provides lesson plans emphasizing the school bus stop, loading and unloading zones, emergency evacuation drills, and appropriate behavior on the school bus. The guide also recognizes demographic…

  14. Evaluation of Vibrotactile Alert Systems for Supporting Hazard Awareness and Safety of Distracted Pedestrians 

    E-print Network

    Marsalia, Angela

    2013-11-20

    recognition and safety of distracted pedestrians. As vibrotactile alert systems, a helmet and suspenders were compared and tested on 27 college students and faculty from Texas A&M University in College Station, TX. Eight C-2 Tactors† by Engineering Acoustics...

  15. An Analysis of the Safety Issues Involving Local School Children as Pedestrians. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ducote, Kenneth J.

    The New Orleans Public Schools' Department of Planning has been concerned with school children as pedestrians for the past five years. The safety issues include the streets, the drivers, and the children. First, the streets contribute to the hazard because many major streets traverse residential areas; many streets serve as major commuter…

  16. Predicting the effect of various ISA penetration grades on pedestrian safety by simulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaoliang Ma; Ingmar Andréasson

    2005-01-01

    Intelligent speed adaption (ISA) is one type of vehicle-based intelligent transportation systems (ITS), which warns and regulates driving speed according to the speed limits of the roads. Early field studies showed that ISA could reduce general mean speed levels and their variances in different road environments. This paper studies the effects of various ISA penetration grades on pedestrian safety in

  17. Teaching about Hazard Identification and Injury Control: A Student-Based Project Focusing on Pedestrian Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wojtowicz, G. Greg; DesLauriers, Karen

    Students learn to practice safe behavior most effectively when they are actively involved in the process of identifying and controlling hazards. This article focuses on a problem faced by many urban-based schools--pedestrian safety. Hazard identification projects can be used to train students to develop practical, effective hazard controls. The…

  18. Impact of a pilot walking school bus intervention on children's pedestrian safety behaviors: a pilot study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Walking school buses (WSB) increased children's physical activity, but impact on pedestrian safety behaviors (PSB) is unknown. We tested the feasibility of a protocol evaluating changes to PSB during a WSB program. Outcomes were school-level street crossing PSB prior to (Time 1) and during weeks 4–5...

  19. Impact of a pilot Walking School Bus intervention on children’s pedestrian safety behaviors

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Walking School Buses (WSB) are groups of children, led to and from school by parents or other adults, in which children are picked up at designated "bus stops." Pedestrian safety should be taught and modeled by the adults on the walk to school. WSB programs have been reported to increase children’s ...

  20. The Effects of Acute Sleep Restriction on Adolescents' Pedestrian Safety in a Virtual Environment

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Aaron L.; Avis, Kristin T.; Schwebel, David C.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Over 8,000 American adolescents ages 14-15 require medical attention due to pedestrian injury annually. Cognitive factors contributing to pedestrian safety include reaction time, impulsivity, risk-taking, attention, and decision-making. These characteristics are also influenced by sleep restriction. Experts recommend adolescents obtain 8.5 hours of uninterrupted sleep each night, but most American adolescents do not. Inadequate sleep may place adolescents at risk for pedestrian injury. Method Using a within-subjects design, fifty-five 14- and 15-year-olds engaged in a virtual reality pedestrian environment in two conditions, scheduled a week apart: sleep-restricted (4 hours sleep previous night) and adequate sleep (8.5 hours). Sleep was assessed using actigraphy and pedestrian behavior via four outcome measures: time to initiate crossing, time before contact with vehicle while crossing, virtual hits/close calls and attention to traffic (looks left and right). Results While acutely sleep restricted, adolescents took more time to initiate pedestrian crossings, crossed with less time before contact with vehicles, experienced more virtual hits/close calls and looked left and right more often compared to when adequately rested. Results were maintained after controlling for age, gender, ethnicity and average total sleep duration prior to each condition. Discussion Adolescent pedestrian behavior in the simulated virtual environment was markedly different, and generally more risky, when acutely sleep restricted compared to adequately rested. Inadequate sleep may influence cognitive functioning to the extent that pedestrian safety is jeopardized among adolescents capable of crossing streets safely when rested. Policy decisions might be educated by these results. PMID:24012066

  1. Pedestrian Safety Through a Raised Median and Redesigned Intersections

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael King; Jon Carnegie; Reid Ewing

    2003-01-01

    This paper documents the effect of a raised median, signalized and redesigned intersections, curbs, and sidewalks on vehicle speed, pedestrian exposure risk, driver predictability, and vehicle volume along a four lane suburban roadway in central New Jersey. The analysis used both qualitative tools (speed and volume counts, timing runs) and qualitative methods (pedestrian tracking, video, before-after photography). The results are

  2. Using Theory to Guide Practice in Children's Pedestrian Safety Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Donna; Hall, Margaret; Howat, Peter

    2003-01-01

    Few pedestrian injury prevention programs appear to articulate the theory upon which their design and evaluation are based. This article describes how theory was used to plan, develop, implement, and evaluate the educational component of a comprehensive child pedestrian intervention. Organizational and planning theories were used to guide the…

  3. Parental risk perceptions of childhood pedestrian road safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence T Lam

    2001-01-01

    Problem: Pedestrian injury is a major hazard to the health of children in most developed countries, including Australia. In a previous study it was found that parental road risk perception is a significant factor associated with their modeling of safe behavior as pedestrians. This study aimed to investigate factors that affect parental road risk perception. Method: This cross-sectional population-based randomized

  4. Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education in Science, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Discusses safety issues in science, including: allergic reactions to peanuts used in experiments; explosions in lead/acid batteries; and inspection of pressure vessels, such as pressure cookers or model steam engines. (MKR)

  5. Young Children's Conception of Speed: Possible Implications for Pedestrian Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Roger T.; Mehegan, Julie

    1988-01-01

    Examines whether young children hold naive conceptions of speed and whether the nature of their concepts could be a causal factor in pedestrian accidents. Finds that children hold a range of beliefs regarding the concept of speed that would place them at risk. (Author/YP)

  6. Using Interactive Multimedia to Teach Pedestrian Safety: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glang, Ann; Noell, John; Ary, Dennis; Swartz, Lynne

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate an interactive multimedia (IMM) program that teaches young children safe pedestrian skills. Methods: The program uses IMM (animation and video) to teach children critical skills for crossing streets safely. A computer-delivered video assessment and a real-life street simulation were used to measure the effectiveness of the…

  7. Effectiveness of Virtual Reality for Teaching Pedestrian Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan McComas; Morag MacKay; Jayne Pivik

    2002-01-01

    Sixty percent to 70% of pedestrian injuries in children under the age of 10 years are the result of the child either improperly crossing intersections or dashing out in the street between in- tersections. The purpose of this injury prevention research study was to evaluate a desktop virtual reality (VR) program that was designed to educate and train children to

  8. Young children's conception of speed: possible implications for pedestrian safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roger T. Cross; Julie Mehegan

    1988-01-01

    This research was stimulated by concern over the tragically high pedestrian accident involvement rates of children between the ages of 4 and 9 years. The objective was to discover whether young children hold naďve conceptions of speed and whether the nature of their concepts could be a causal factor in the accident equation. Road traffic engineers have tended to blame

  9. WalkSafe: A School-Based Pedestrian Safety Intervention Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GILLIAN A. HOTZ; STEPHEN M. COHN; ANDREA CASTELBLANCO; SHERIKA COLSTON; MARTIN THOMAS; ALYSSA WEISS; JACOB NELSON; ROBERT DUNCAN

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the WalkSafe program, an elementary school-based pedestrian safety program in a single high-risk district in Miami-Dade County.Methods: Sixteen elementary schools were identified in a single high-risk district and enrolled in a one-year study. All schools implemented the WalkSafe program on the last week of January 2003. A pre, post, and three-month post testing of

  10. Parental risk perceptions of childhood pedestrian road safety: A cross cultural comparison

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence T. Lam

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: This cross-sectional community-based randomized telephone survey, aimed to compare the parental risk perceptions on childhood pedestrian road safety among three different major community language speaking groups and the mainstream English speaking Australians in Sydney, Australia. Method: This was a community-based telephone survey with subjects randomly selected from the population of specific cultural languages in Sydney. Results: Results indicated that

  11. The role of the built environment in explaining relationships between perceived and actual pedestrian and bicyclist safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gihyoug Cho; Daniel A. Rodríguez; Asad J. Khattak

    2009-01-01

    While the conventional approach to safety planning has emphasized crash analysis with police-reported crash information, transportation professionals increasingly recognize the importance of proactively identifying potential crash risk and considering environmental characteristics. In a proactive approach, individuals’ perception of crash risk provides important information in identifying potential crash risk. As built environment characteristics influence the levels of pedestrian and bicycle safety,

  12. Red light violations by adult pedestrians and other safety-related behaviors at signalized crosswalks.

    PubMed

    Dommes, A; Granié, M-A; Cloutier, M-S; Coquelet, C; Huguenin-Richard, F

    2015-07-01

    To study human factors linked to red light violations, and more generally to safety-related behaviors at signalized crosswalks, the present study combines the collection of observational data with questionnaires answered by 422 French adult pedestrians. Thirteen behavioral indicators were extracted (12 before and while crossing, and red light violation), and the roles of several demographical, contextual and mobility-associated variables were examined. The results of the stepwise logistic regression analyses carried out on each of the 12 behavioral indicators observed before and while crossing revealed that gender had no major impact, but age did, with more cautious behaviors as pedestrians were older. The three contextual variables (group size, parked vehicles, and traffic density), as four mobility-associated variables (driving and walking experiences, self-reported crossing difficulties and falls in the street) were also found to be important factors in safety-related crossing behaviors. A wider logistic regression analysis, made specifically on red light violations with all behavioral indicators observed before and while crossings and the several demographical, contextual and mobility-associated variables put together, showed that red light violations were mostly affected by current situational factors (group size, parked vehicles) and particularly associated with some behavioral patterns (looking toward the traffic, the ground, the light, running and crossing diagonally). The overall results encourage the development of safer pedestrian infrastructures and engineering countermeasures. PMID:25884542

  13. Child pedestrian safety: Parental supervision, modeling behaviors, and beliefs about child pedestrian competence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara A. Morrongiello; Benjamin K. Barton

    2009-01-01

    Pedestrian injuries are a significant health risk to children, particularly those 5–9 years of age. Surprisingly, few studies have explored parent-related factors that may moderate this risk. The present study used naturalistic observations of parent–child pairs crossing at uncontrolled intersections and a short interview to examine parental supervision of children during crossings, modeling of safe-crossing behaviors, beliefs about how children

  14. Evaluation of the effectiveness of single-session school-based programmes to increase children's seat belt and pedestrian safety knowledge and self-reported behaviours

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara A. Morrongiello; Sophie Kiriakou

    2006-01-01

    Young children experience many injuries as pedestrians and as passengers in vehicles. This study evaluated the effectiveness of two single-session school programmes, one to increase pedestrian safety knowledge and behaviour among Grade 1 children and the other to increase seat belt safety knowledge and usage among Grade 2 children. In the intervention groups, assessments were conducted on three occasions: before;

  15. Safety and mobility of vulnerable road users: pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists.

    PubMed

    Shinar, David

    2012-01-01

    Traffic safety has improved greatly over the past few decades, but the progress in the safe mobility of vulnerable road users (VRUs) - especially motorcycle riders - has not been as consistent. The changing trends towards healthier and eco-friendlier lifestyle, coupled with the rising costs of fuel have increased the exposure and injury risk of pedestrians, motorcyclists, and bicyclists, especially in urban areas. To address the safe mobility issues of VRUs, Israel's National Road Safety Authority organized an international conference on the topic. This special issue contains the papers of the three plenary talks related to the safe mobility of each of the VRUs, and 18 more papers of the over 100 papers presented at the conference that were accepted for publication in AAP following the Journal's review process. PMID:22062329

  16. Development and Implementation of a Conflict-based Assessment of Pedestrian Safety (CAPS) to Evaluate Accessibility of Complex Intersections

    PubMed Central

    Salamati, Katayoun; Rouphail, Nagui M.; Cunningham, Christopher; Long, Richard; Barlow, Janet

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops and implements the Conflict-based Assessment of Pedestrian Safety (CAPS) methodology for evaluating pedestrian accessibility at complex intersections. In past years, a significant research has been done on pedestrian access to modern roundabouts and other complex intersection forms, including a significant focus on the accessibility for pedestrians who are blind. A majority of these studies have relied on actual street crossings by study participants under supervision of trained Orientation and Mobility (O&M) Specialist. These crossing studies were used to evaluate risk from a measurement of intervention events, where the O&M specialist had to physically stop the participant from crossing. While providing arguably the most accurate data for the crossing risk at a particular intersection, actual street crossings can be dangerous to the study participants, and are further very time consuming and expensive to conduct. The CAPS method presented in this paper emphasizes the use of conflict-based safety factors to quantify risk. The CAPS method relates pedestrian crossing decisions to advanced measurements of vehicle dynamics to estimate lane-by-lane conflicts. CAPS identifies the grade of conflict based on a score generated on a five-criterion rating scale. Each of these criteria or factors has different severity levels, and when combined, provides an overall risk rating of the crossing decision. The CAPS framework was applied to a study of blind pedestrian crossings at a multi-lane roundabout. The resulting risk scores were calibrated from actual O&M interventions observed during the study to give confidence in the CAPS performance. The calibrated CAPS framework correctly matched all (high risk) O&M intervention events, and further identifies other (lower risk) pedestrian-vehicle conflicts. The resulting method has the potential to allow for a faster and most importantly safer evaluation of complex intersections for pedestrian access. Since all factors are measured prior to the pedestrian stepping into the roadway, this approach is compatible with crossing indicator studies, where the participants merely indicate when they would cross, rather than actually stepping into the roadway. The CAPS framework therefore allows for a more objective and consistent safety assessment of pedestrian crossings in a research context without having pedestrians physically step into the roadway. PMID:23914006

  17. Development and Implementation of a Conflict-based Assessment of Pedestrian Safety (CAPS) to Evaluate Accessibility of Complex Intersections.

    PubMed

    Salamati, Katayoun; Schroeder, Bastian; Rouphail, Nagui M; Cunningham, Christopher; Long, Richard; Barlow, Janet

    2012-07-12

    This paper develops and implements the Conflict-based Assessment of Pedestrian Safety (CAPS) methodology for evaluating pedestrian accessibility at complex intersections. In past years, a significant research has been done on pedestrian access to modern roundabouts and other complex intersection forms, including a significant focus on the accessibility for pedestrians who are blind. A majority of these studies have relied on actual street crossings by study participants under supervision of trained Orientation and Mobility (O&M) Specialist. These crossing studies were used to evaluate risk from a measurement of intervention events, where the O&M specialist had to physically stop the participant from crossing. While providing arguably the most accurate data for the crossing risk at a particular intersection, actual street crossings can be dangerous to the study participants, and are further very time consuming and expensive to conduct. The CAPS method presented in this paper emphasizes the use of conflict-based safety factors to quantify risk. The CAPS method relates pedestrian crossing decisions to advanced measurements of vehicle dynamics to estimate lane-by-lane conflicts. CAPS identifies the grade of conflict based on a score generated on a five-criterion rating scale. Each of these criteria or factors has different severity levels, and when combined, provides an overall risk rating of the crossing decision. The CAPS framework was applied to a study of blind pedestrian crossings at a multi-lane roundabout. The resulting risk scores were calibrated from actual O&M interventions observed during the study to give confidence in the CAPS performance. The calibrated CAPS framework correctly matched all (high risk) O&M intervention events, and further identifies other (lower risk) pedestrian-vehicle conflicts. The resulting method has the potential to allow for a faster and most importantly safer evaluation of complex intersections for pedestrian access. Since all factors are measured prior to the pedestrian stepping into the roadway, this approach is compatible with crossing indicator studies, where the participants merely indicate when they would cross, rather than actually stepping into the roadway. The CAPS framework therefore allows for a more objective and consistent safety assessment of pedestrian crossings in a research context without having pedestrians physically step into the roadway. PMID:23914006

  18. The application of computational fluid dynamics to pedestrian level wind safety problem induced by high-rise buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lei Li; Fei Hu; Xue-Ling Cheng; Hao-Yu Han

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, the pedestrian level wind safety problem induced by high-rise buildings has been studied using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes Fluent. The verification by use of wind tunnel data shows that Fluent can fairly reproduce the flow field in the areas adjacent to the structure when a realizable k-varepsilon turbulence model is adopted in calculations. The results

  19. Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    equipment, pedestrian aisles, doorways, intersections, or the normal traffic flow. #12;Toolbox Safety TalkToolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Golf carts are utilized on campus for groundskeepers

  20. A Decision-based Criterion for Selecting Parameters in the Evaluation of Pedestrian Safety Problems with the Traffic Conflict Analysis Technique

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hugo Pietrantonio; Luiz Fernando Bizerril Tourinho

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses and applies methods for developing diagnostic parameters for pedestrian traffic safety problems using the traffic conflict analysis technique (TCT) to a study of pedestrian crossings at urban signalized intersections in Săo Paulo, Brazil. The development of parameters has two tasks: the selection of an adequate classification of conflicts and\\/or segmentation of crossings, and the determination of parameters

  1. Stanford Police Services ................................................ 2 Safety Related Services at Stanford .............................. 3

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    and Security.......................................... 29 Pedestrian Safety Zone1 Stanford Police Services ................................................ 2 Safety Related .............................................................. 4 Reporting Suspicious Activity......................................... 7 Personal Safety

  2. The application of computational fluid dynamics to pedestrian level wind safety problem induced by high-rise buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Lei; Hu, Fei; Cheng, Xue-Ling; Han, Hao-Yu

    2004-07-01

    In this paper, the pedestrian level wind safety problem induced by high-rise buildings has been studied using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes Fluent. The verification by use of wind tunnel data shows that Fluent can fairly reproduce the flow field in the areas adjacent to the structure when a realizable k-varepsilon turbulence model is adopted in calculations. The results of the numerical simulations including seven cases show that the existence of high-rise buildings does increase the wind hazard probability at the pedestrian level; furthermore, the wind direction, the geometric size of structures and the layout of structures can obviously affect the pedestrian level wind environment. However, trees on the pavement do not contribute much in reducing the wind hazard probability.

  3. 45 CFR 1310.21 - Safety education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Requirements § 1310.21 Safety education. (a) Each agency...training for parents and children in pedestrian safety. The training provided...The required transportation and pedestrian safety education of children and...

  4. 45 CFR 1310.21 - Safety education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Requirements § 1310.21 Safety education. (a) Each agency...training for parents and children in pedestrian safety. The training provided...The required transportation and pedestrian safety education of children and...

  5. 45 CFR 1310.21 - Safety education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Requirements § 1310.21 Safety education. (a) Each agency...training for parents and children in pedestrian safety. The training provided...The required transportation and pedestrian safety education of children and...

  6. 45 CFR 1310.21 - Safety education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Requirements § 1310.21 Safety education. (a) Each agency...training for parents and children in pedestrian safety. The training provided...The required transportation and pedestrian safety education of children and...

  7. 45 CFR 1310.21 - Safety education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Requirements § 1310.21 Safety education. (a) Each agency...training for parents and children in pedestrian safety. The training provided...The required transportation and pedestrian safety education of children and...

  8. RESEARCH SAFETY RADIATION SAFETY

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH SAFETY RADIATION SAFETY ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT LABORATORY SAFETY AUDITS & COMPLIANCE BIOSAFETY and ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT and MISSION CONTINUITY FIRE PREVENTION and LIFE SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY TRAINING

  9. The Roles of Age, Gender, Inhibitory Control, and Parental Supervision in Children's Pedestrian Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin K. Barton; David C. Schwebel

    2007-01-01

    Objective Thousands of American children are injured or killed each year as pedestrians, but behavioral factors in pedestrian injury etiology remain poorly understood. We examined the roles of children's individual differences (age, gender, and inhibitory control) and parental supervision in children's pedestrian behaviors. Methods Using the pretend road method, a sample of 85 children and 26 adults crossed a pretend

  10. Onboard Sensor-Based Collision Risk Assessment to Improve Pedestrians' Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giuseppe De Nicolao; Antonella Ferrara; Luisa Giacomini

    2007-01-01

    Many systems have been designed for pedestrian detection and tracking. However, pedestrians may or may not be in dangerous situations. Signaling every detected pedestrian generates too many false alarms, which could lead the driver not to pay attention to the warnings. The contribution of this paper is to develop a novel approach to assessing the risk of collision with a

  11. Identifying Gaps in Child Pedestrian Safety: Comparing What Children Do with What Parents Teach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carolyn MacGregor; Alison Smiley; Wendy Dunk

    1999-01-01

    Vehicle\\/pedestrian conflicts are a primary cause of deaths among chil- dren age 5 to 12 in North America. Children under 14 are twice as likely as the general population to be involved in vehicle\\/pedestrian accidents. Parents may overestimate the cognitive abilities of children to handle complex traffic situations and may assume that pedestrian rules taught to children at a young

  12. Evaluation of In-Pavement, Flashing Warning Lights on Pedestrian Crosswalk Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter R. Boyce; Claudia H. Gilson

    Collisions involving pedestrians in crosswalks commonly result in fatalities. In-pavement flashing warning lights have been proposed as a means of increasing the conspicuity of pedestrians in crosswalks. However these warning light systems are more expensive to install than conventional striping. This report describes work undertaken to determine the relative effects on pedestrian and driver behavior of high visibility marking and

  13. Analysis of improvements in system efficiency and safety at highway-railroad-pedestrian grade crossings 

    E-print Network

    Tydlacka, Jonathan Michael

    2013-02-22

    The purpose of this project was to perform micro-simulation analyses on intersections near Highway-Railroad Grade Crossings to determine if controlling mean train speed and train speed variability would improve safety and reduce delays. The first...

  14. Improvement CoHOG Detection and Texture Matching Tracking for Pedestrian's Active Safety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kataoka, Hirokatsu; Tamura, Kimimasa; Matsui, Yasuhiro; Aoki, Yoshimitsu

    The total number of deaths by traffic accidents was 4,863 in 2010 and the percentage of pedestrians in the deaths tended to increase in Japan. In recent years, to provide measures for accident avoidance has been urgently required for the people on the roads or streets including pedestrians and cyclists, so called “vulnerable road users”. In the present study, technologies to detect pedestrians by forward images with cameras installed in vehicles are under development. The purpose in this study is to improve the technologies to detect and track pedestrians with a high degree of accuracy of images with a single camera. In this study, the authors predicted pedestrians' activities by monitoring pedestrians for a given length of time and developed an algorithm to recognize pedestrians and to track the pedestrian movements with a higher degree of accuracy. The effectiveness of the algorithm was investigated by pedestrians' images on real-world roads. Regarding detecting the pedestrian feature descriptor, the authors newly found that an ECoHOG accumulating the integration of gradient intensities was the best method to decrease both the undetectable and excessive detectable ratio. Therefore, the usage of the new method by images captured on the real road was validated.

  15. STATE OF THE ART ON PEDESTRIAN SAFETY: SIMULATION AND DESIGN SOLUTION FOR AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Cappetti; A. Naddeo; G. Amato; M. Annarumma

    According to a surveying by European Community research committee (CEC 2001), the risk of die for pedestrians and cyclists because of street incidents is 8, 9 times higher than one of the occupants of motor vehicles. From statistics we've found that the greatest part of these accidents is due to the collision of the pedestrian on the front part of

  16. The impact of speed and other variables on pedestrian safety in Maine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Per E Gĺrder

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze pedestrian crashes with an emphasis on how actual travel speeds and characteristics of the locations influence crash numbers. Statewide data from Maine was analyzed. Descriptive crash and behavioral statistics are presented in the paper. Pedestrian and vehicle volumes were gathered for 122 locations in varying environments throughout Maine and crash numbers were

  17. Benchmarking and accident characteristics of flat-fronted commercial vehicles with respect to pedestrian safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G K Chinnaswamy; E C Chirwa; S K Nammi; S Nowpada; T Chen; M Mao

    2007-01-01

    The information about pedestrian accidents and kinematics involving commercial vehicles is not properly understood. In general the total accident scenarios with heavy vehicles are unique in the sense that one has a very strong structure impacting a very soft pedestrian. This makes the problem complex and the solution requires the development of a new description of accident kinematics. This study

  18. Trespassing on the tracks: A review of railway pedestrian safety research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brenda Lobb

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: Train-pedestrian collisions have been shown to be the leading cause of fatality in train-related accidents worldwide, yet there is remarkably little research in this area. Method: In this paper, the major types of railway transportation accident research are briefly highlighted to indicate the general context of research concerning train-pedestrian collisions, which are then reviewed. Themes emerging from the diverse

  19. Blind Pedestrians and the Changing Technology and Geometry of Signalized Intersections: Safety, Orientation, and Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barlow, Janet M.; Bentzen, Billie Louise; Bond, Tamara

    2005-01-01

    This study documented that blind pedestrians have considerable difficulty locating crosswalks, aligning to cross, determining the onset of the walk interval, maintaining a straight crossing path, and completing crossings before the onset of perpendicular traffic at complex signalized intersections. Revised techniques and strategies are suggested…

  20. In quest of ‘forgiving’ environment: residential planning and pedestrian safety in Edmonton, Canada

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shuguang Wang; P. J. Smith

    1997-01-01

    The creation of ‘forgiving’ environments, meaning environments designed to minimize accident risk, has long been a planning ideal. The effects on pedestrians are not well documented, however, even for those residential areas built in accordance with the planning and design concepts that have had the greatest practical influence in North America over the past 60 or 70 years. These concepts

  1. Safety assessment characteristics of pedestrian legform impactors in vehicle-front impact tests.

    PubMed

    Matsui, Yasuhiro

    2014-12-01

    This study investigated the characteristics of safety assessment results of front-area vehicle impact tests carried out using the Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) legform impactor and a flexible legform impactor (FLEX legform impactor). Different types of vehicles (sedan, sport utility vehicle, high-roof K-car, and light cargo van) were examined. The impact locations in the study were the center of the bumper and an extremely stiff structure of the bumper (i.e., in front of the side member) of each tested vehicle. The measured injury criteria were normalized by injury assessment reference values of each legform impactor. The test results for center and side-member impacts indicated that there were no significant differences in ligament injury assessments derived from the normalized knee ligament injury measures between the TRL legform impactor and the FLEX legform impactor. Evaluations made using the TRL legform impactor and the FLEX legform impactor are thus similar in the vehicle safety investigation for knee ligament injury. Vehicle-center impact test results revealed that the tibia fracture assessments derived from the normalized tibia fracture measures did not significantly differ between the TRL legform impactor and the FLEX legform impactor. However, for an impact against an extremely stiff structure, there was a difference in the tibia fracture assessment between the FLEX legform impactor and the TRL legform impactor owing to their different sensor types. PMID:25178069

  2. The Pedestrian Detection Method Using an Extension Background Subtraction about the Driving Safety Support Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muranaka, Noriaki; Date, Kei; Tokumaru, Masataka; Imanishi, Shigeru

    In recent years, the traffic accident occurs frequently with explosion of traffic density. Therefore, we think that the safe and comfortable transportation system to defend the pedestrian who is the traffic weak is necessary. First, we detect and recognize the pedestrian (the crossing person) by the image processing. Next, we inform all the drivers of the right or left turn that the pedestrian exists by the sound and the image and so on. By prompting a driver to do safe driving in this way, the accident to the pedestrian can decrease. In this paper, we are using a background subtraction method for the movement detection of the movement object. In the background subtraction method, the update method in the background was important, and as for the conventional way, the threshold values of the subtraction processing and background update were identical. That is, the mixing rate of the input image and the background image of the background update was a fixation value, and the fine tuning which corresponded to the environment change of the weather was difficult. Therefore, we propose the update method of the background image that the estimated mistake is difficult to be amplified. We experiment and examines in the comparison about five cases of sunshine, cloudy, evening, rain, sunlight change, except night. This technique can set separately the threshold values of the subtraction processing and background update processing which suited the environmental condition of the weather and so on. Therefore, the fine tuning becomes possible freely in the mixing rate of the input image and the background image of the background update. Because the setting of the parameter which suited an environmental condition becomes important to minimize mistaking percentage, we examine about the setting of a parameter.

  3. Method for Estimating Effect of Traffic Volume and Speed on Pedestrian Safety for Residential Streets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GARY A. DAVIS

    1998-01-01

    When local governments find that the demand for traffic-calming meas- ures exceeds their available resources, it may be necessary to select the most needful or most promising projects. Since pedestrian-vehicle colli- sions tend to be rare on local streets, it will usually not be possible to use accident counts to identify high-hazard locations. A deterministic model of a collision between

  4. Community variations in population exposure to near-field tsunami hazards as a function of pedestrian travel time to safety

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wood, Nathan J.; Schmidtlein, Mathew C.

    2013-01-01

    Efforts to characterize population exposure to near-field tsunami threats typically focus on quantifying the number and type of people in tsunami-hazard zones. To develop and prioritize effective risk-reduction strategies, emergency managers also need information on the potential for successful evacuations and how this evacuation potential varies among communities. To improve efforts to properly characterize and differentiate near-field tsunami threats among multiple communities, we assess community variations in population exposure to tsunamis as a function of pedestrian travel time to safety. We focus our efforts on the multiple coastal communities in Grays Harbor and Pacific Counties (State of Washington, USA), where a substantial resident and visitor population is threatened by near-field tsunamis related to a potential Cascadia subduction zone earthquake. Anisotropic, path-distance modeling is conducted to estimate travel times to safety and results are merged with various population data, including residents, employees, public venues, and dependent-care facilities. Results suggest that there is substantial variability among communities in the number of people that may have insufficient time to evacuate. Successful evacuations may be possible in some communities assuming slow-walking speeds, are plausible in others if travel speeds are increased, and are unlikely in another set of communities given the large distances and short time horizon. Emergency managers can use these results to prioritize the location and determine the most appropriate type of tsunami risk-reduction strategies, such as education and training in areas where evacuations are plausible and vertical-evacuation structures in areas where they are not.

  5. RURAL PASSENGER SAFETY RESOURCES Exhibits (Insure for $500)

    E-print Network

    's Story (T) Shattered Lives- Drinking & Driving (T) Teen Drinking & Driving Pedestrian Safety: (C) Bee A Safe Ped (Pedestrian Safety- English) #12;Videos (cont'd) Vehicle Safety: (T, A) Real Teens, Real) (T, A) Cell phone use and Driving (Cingular) (A) Air Bags Pedestrian Safety: (C) Bee A Safe Ped

  6. Department of Public Safety Utah Department of Public Safety

    E-print Network

    Tipple, Brett

    -agencies including those responsible for fire regulations, pedestrian and bicyclist safety, and the overall homelandDepartment of Public Safety Utah Department of Public Safety David A. Beach, DPS 2030 Chairman of Public Safety (DPS) and will continue to have an increasing impact as the state's aging population size

  7. 1438 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 14, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2013 Modeling Pedestrian Crossing Paths

    E-print Network

    Wu, Changxu (Sean)

    under- stand pedestrian behaviors and finally facilitate their safety, this paper modeled pedestrian, pedestrian crossing paths, pedestrian safety, unmarked roadway. I. INTRODUCTION AN unmarked roadway Modeling Pedestrian Crossing Paths at Unmarked Roadways Xiangling Zhuang and Changxu Wu, Member, IEEE

  8. Safety Grooving

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1985-01-01

    Safety grooving, the cutting of grooves in concrete to increase traction and prevent injury, was first developed to reduce aircraft accidents on wet runways. Represented by the International Grooving and Grinding Association (IG&GA), the industry expanded into highway and pedestrian applications. The technique originated at Langley, which assisted in testing the grooving at airports and on highways. Skidding was reduced, stopping distance decreased, and a vehicle's cornering ability on curves was increased. The process has been extended to animal holding pens, steps, parking lots and other potentially slippery surfaces.

  9. 14 CFR 139.329 - Pedestrians and ground vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...movement areas and safety areas only to those pedestrians and ground vehicles...movement areas and safety areas by pedestrians and ground vehicles...ensure that each pedestrian and ground vehicle in movement areas or safety areas is...

  10. 14 CFR 139.329 - Pedestrians and ground vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...movement areas and safety areas only to those pedestrians and ground vehicles...movement areas and safety areas by pedestrians and ground vehicles...ensure that each pedestrian and ground vehicle in movement areas or safety areas is...

  11. 14 CFR 139.329 - Pedestrians and ground vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...movement areas and safety areas only to those pedestrians and ground vehicles...movement areas and safety areas by pedestrians and ground vehicles...ensure that each pedestrian and ground vehicle in movement areas or safety areas is...

  12. 14 CFR 139.329 - Pedestrians and ground vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...movement areas and safety areas only to those pedestrians and ground vehicles...movement areas and safety areas by pedestrians and ground vehicles...ensure that each pedestrian and ground vehicle in movement areas or safety areas is...

  13. 14 CFR 139.329 - Pedestrians and ground vehicles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...movement areas and safety areas only to those pedestrians and ground vehicles...movement areas and safety areas by pedestrians and ground vehicles...ensure that each pedestrian and ground vehicle in movement areas or safety areas is...

  14. Interdisciplinary Traffic Safety Instructional System: Series III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Approximately 115 lessons for increasing third grade students' safety knowledge and skills as pedestrians, as auto and school bus passengers, and as operators of bicycles are provided in this traffic safety curriculum. One third of the curriculum focuses on perceptual safety activities for young pedestrians, including lessons on visual and…

  15. 49 CFR 1.95 - Delegations to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...and highway-related aspects of pedestrian and bicycle safety. (e) Carry out the functions...functions and exercise the motor vehicle safety authority vested in the Secretary under the Pedestrian Safety Enhancement Act of 2010,...

  16. 49 CFR 1.95 - Delegations to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...and highway-related aspects of pedestrian and bicycle safety. (e) Carry out the functions...functions and exercise the motor vehicle safety authority vested in the Secretary under the Pedestrian Safety Enhancement Act of 2010,...

  17. Your Guide to Traffic Safety

    E-print Network

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    Pedestrian Safety: "Hey, I'm Walkin' Here!" 26 Technology: Is Autopilot Next? 27 Vehicle Maintenance: BigGet There! Your Guide to Traffic Safety #12;Copyright © 2010 The Auto Club Group and Minnesota Safety Council. All rights reserved. #12;Contents Helping You to Get There 2 Defensive Driving: Are You

  18. Personal Safety University of Strathclyde

    E-print Network

    Strathclyde, University of

    Personal Safety University of Strathclyde Personal Safety Guide Glasgow is a great place to live to follow these basic safety rules: · Be sure someone knows where you are, when you are due back and how or those with traffic and pedestrians. Walk facing the traffic so a car cannot pull up behind you unnoticed

  19. Brad Estochen State Traffic Safety Engineer

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    ? !!Angle Crashes? !!Rear End Crashes? !!Pedestrian Crashes? !!Determine the safety need #12Brad Estochen State Traffic Safety Engineer Bradley.estochen@state.mn.us 651-234-7011 #12;!"#$%&'( !!Define Safety !!Safety Assessment !!Crash Rates !!Strategic Highway Safety Plan !!New Approaches

  20. SAFETY & WELLNESS Annual Report 2012-2013

    E-print Network

    Sinnamon, Gordon J.

    addressed issues relating to construction work activities, pedestrian safety, the design of facilitiesHEALTH, SAFETY & WELLNESS Annual Report 2012-2013 #12;HEALTH, SAFETY & WELLNESS UPDATE ON SAFETY PROGRAMS The professionals working in the Health and Safety team and Rehabilitation Services group have had

  1. UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    -45 and Criminal Code section 217.1, WorkSafeBC Occupational Health & Safety Regulations (OHSR): 3 package http://www.unbc.ca/assets/safety/health__safety_assets/ employee_safety_orientation_dec_2011.pdf1 UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST INSTRUCTIONS PAGE Please use the following table below

  2. K-9 Traffic Safety Resource Curriculum. Level A. Professional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Governor's Highway Safety Program Office, Raleigh, NC.

    One of four curriculum guides designed to aid teachers of grades K-9 in implementing a balanced, dynamic traffic safety program, this level A guide contains materials for teachers of grades K-1. Emphasis is on development of perceptual skills, especially in regard to pedestrian safety. Four units are included: Pedestrian Safety, Bicycle Safety,…

  3. The Effects of Advance Stop Lines and Sign Prompts on Pedestrian Safety in a Crosswalk on a Multilane Highway.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Houten, Ron

    1988-01-01

    Introduction of prompts in the form of specific signs and stop line bars at a crosswalk was designed to influence motorists to stop further back when yielding right-of-way to pedestrians, and resulted in an almost 80 percent reduction in motor vehicle-pedestrian conflicts at the selected location. (JW)

  4. Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Requirements for employers

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Requirements for employers · Fallprotectionsandproperuseofrelated-safety equipmentsuchaslifelines,harness · Properuseofdangeroustools,thenecessaryprecautionstotake,andtheuseof theprotectiveandemergencyequipmentrequired. Safety Training and Education Safety Tip #18 Get smart. Use safety from the start. All

  5. Interdisciplinary Traffic Safety Instructional System: Series VI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Approximately 120 lessons for increasing sixth grade students' safety knowledge and skills as pedestrians in traffic and at school, as auto and school bus passengers, and as operators of bicycles are provided in this traffic curriculum. One third of the curriculum focuses on perceptual safety activities for young pedestrians, including lessons on…

  6. 75 FR 3784 - Safety Advisory 2009-03

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ...INFORMATION: Background In Safety Recommendation H-96-01...statutorily mandated by the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (RSIA08...updates for public, private, and pedestrian crossings. Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008,...

  7. Five road safety education programmes for young adolescent pedestrians and cyclists: a multi-programme evaluation in a field setting.

    PubMed

    Twisk, Divera A M; Vlakveld, Willem P; Commandeur, Jacques J F; Shope, Jean T; Kok, Gerjo

    2014-05-01

    A practical approach was developed to assess and compare the effects of five short road safety education (RSE) programmes for young adolescents that does not rely on injury or crash data but uses self reported behaviour. Questionnaires were administered just before and about one month after participation in the RSE programmes, both to youngsters who had participated in a RSE programme, the intervention group, and to a comparable reference group of youngsters who had not, the reference group. For each RSE programme, the answers to the questionnaires in the pre- and post-test were checked for internal consistency and then condensed into a single safety score using categorical principal components analysis. Next, an analysis of covariance was performed on the obtained safety scores in order to compare the post-test scores of the intervention and reference groups, corrected for their corresponding pre-test scores. It was found that three out of five RSE programmes resulted in significantly improved self-reported safety behaviour. However, the proportions of participants that changed their behaviour relative to the reference group were small, ranging from 3% to 20%. Comparisons among programme types showed cognitive approaches not to differ in effect from programmes that used fear-appeal approaches. The method used provides a useful tool to assess and compare the effects of different education programmes on self-reported behaviour. PMID:24509322

  8. Drug Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... over-the-counter drug. The FDA evaluates the safety of a drug by looking at Side effects ... clinical trials The FDA also monitors a drug's safety after approval. For you, drug safety means buying ...

  9. Traffic Safety Task Force Report

    E-print Network

    1 Traffic Safety Task Force Report September 2012 November Board of Trustees Meeting - Academic Paul Denton ­ OSUPD Traffic Safety Task Force Members 2 A special thanks goes to Jaime Pujol, College Hetrick, a master's in city and regional planning student, for his studies of pedestrian and cyclist

  10. Strand V, Education for Survival; Safety Education, Grades K-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Univ. System, Albany.

    Safety attitudes are developed during early school years, thus safety education should be stressed by early elementary school teachers. Student objectives of safety education for grades K-3 are enumerated in the report. The publication is divided into nine sections: (1) traffic and pedestrian safety, (2) school bus safety, (3) bicycle safety, (4)…

  11. Safety & Environment Unit Safety Contest

    E-print Network

    Maoz, Shahar

    for a disordered lab Orderly laboratory 40 positive points for each safety initiative Initiatives implementationAwards Safety & Environment Unit Safety Contest & We hope that this contest will improve the awareness and the safety of all WIS personnel. First prize Second prize Third prize $5000 $3000 $2000 Dear

  12. Running head: Developing a self-reporting method to measure pedestrian behaviors at all ages Developing a self-reporting method to measure pedestrian behaviors at all ages

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OECD countries in 2006 concerned pedestrians (SafetyNet, 2009). In France, 535 pedestrians were killed pedestrian behaviors when crossing remains a road safety challenge. Tools for observing pedestrian behaviors pedestrian safety, because it would provide a framework in which to study a number of important issues

  13. 76 FR 11418 - Rear Visibility; Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, Rearview Mirrors; Federal Motor Vehicle...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ...Federal motor vehicle safety standard on rearview...vehicle to detect pedestrians in the area immediately...elderly, and other pedestrians. This proposal...Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007, which...Federal motor vehicle safety standard on rearview...driver to detect pedestrians in the area...

  14. Bicycle Safety Task Force with LBNL Bicycle Coalition Page 1 of 1

    E-print Network

    Knowles, David William

    , and pedestrian safety. The roadways are narrow, can be crowded and under construction, traverse steep terrain, drivers, and pedestrians must be especially aware of safety considerations and be more vigilant when and pedestrian safety will be incorporated shortly. · Individuals who wish to ride a bicycle on Laboratory

  15. Food safety

    MedlinePLUS

    Food safety refers to the conditions and practices that preserve the quality of food to prevent contamination and ... Poor food safety practices can cause infection from a foodborne illness. Symptoms of foodborne illnesses vary, but they usually include ...

  16. Ron Medford Senior Associate Administrator, Vehicle Safety

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    1 Ron Medford Senior Associate Administrator, Vehicle Safety The Future of Vehicle Safety Presented Opposite Direction 2% Animal 4% Backing 2% Lane Change 9% Rear-End 28% Pedalcyclist 1% Pedestrian 1% Off REDUCTION MEDICAL ATTENTION ENVIROMENT / POST EVENT #12;15 Lives Saved by Belts and Combined Safety

  17. Brad Estochen MnDOT Safety

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Brad Estochen MnDOT Safety Engineer EVALUATIONS OF LOW COST SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS POOLED FUND STUDY #12; Develop reliable estimates of lower cost safety improvements Focus on strategies identified and grooving. PHASE 6 ­ RETROSPECTIVE EVALUATION #12; Pedestrian signals, signs, markings, etc. Driver

  18. CAHNRS Safety Meeting Minutes 13 November 2012

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    presented safety concerns about vehicle vs. pedestrian traffic on Stadium Way. It was mentioned that a majorCAHNRS Safety Meeting Minutes 13 November 2012 Hulbert 409 11:10 AM Attended By: Mike Costa IBC for September 11, 2012 were approved. Rich Villa reviewed the October and November University Health and Safety

  19. Safety Rules

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL)

    2004-01-01

    Safety is an important part of a science lesson or activity. This safety material is part of a series of hands-on science activities designed to arouse student interest. Sixteen rules reinforce common safety concerns for science classrooms. Among the safety rules are the recommendations that teachers practice demonstrations before presenting them, make proper eyewear and shields available, use customary disposal techniques, and possess a thorough knowledge of the chemical reactions being used. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  20. National Safety Council

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Introduction Safety Management Systems Workplace Safety Consulting Employee Perception Surveys Research Navigator Journey to Safety Excellence Join ... Safety Safety Management Systems Workplace Safety Consulting Employee Perception Surveys Research NSC Navigator Journey to Safety Excellence ...

  1. Home and Recreational Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Introduction Safety Management Systems Workplace Safety Consulting Employee Perception Surveys Research Navigator Journey to Safety Excellence Join ... Safety Safety Management Systems Workplace Safety Consulting Employee Perception Surveys Research NSC Navigator Journey to Safety Excellence ...

  2. Benchmarking safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. B. McClung

    2003-01-01

    All of general industry in the United States, represented by the participants in the IEEE\\/IAS Petroleum and Chemical Industry Committee Technical Conference (PCIC), is regulated by the federal government to have an electrical safety program. The Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) documents that drive the electrical safety of employees in the workplace is written in performance

  3. Safety teams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph R. Muscatello; Brian P. Heshizer

    2002-01-01

    Background: Safety teams have become a popular means to recognize and prevent injuries in the workplace. In fact, organizations, such as OSHA, NIOSH, NIEHS, DOE, and the Ohio BWC, not only encourage safety teams, but have implemented them in their organizations. However, safety teams may not be legal as defined by NLRB Act Sections 2(5) and 8(a)(2). Objective: To determine

  4. Safety Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

    Safety policies, procedures, and related information are presented in this manual to assist school personnel in a continuing program of accident prevention. Chapter 1 discusses safety education and accident prevention in general. Chapter 2 covers traffic regulations relating to school safety patrols, school bus transportation, bicycles, and…

  5. Safety Peer Exchange for Tribal Governments Save the Date!

    E-print Network

    Hartman, Chris

    Selection and Implementation Roundtable Discussions o Pedestrian Safety o Safety Data including CrashSafety Peer Exchange for Tribal Governments Save the Date! December 9 and 10, 2014 Please mark your calendars for the Tribal Road Safety Peer Exchange sponsored by the FHWA Office of Safety in cooperation

  6. Pedestrian Detection and Classification by Laserscanners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulrich Lages

    2003-01-01

    Pedestrian protection systems will become an essential safety function in future vehicles as the government will force automotive manufacturer to improve pedestrian safety within the next few years. For such systems the ability to recognise pedestrians is mandatory. This includes detection, tracking and classification of these vulnerable road users. This paper presents a prototype system for pedestrian recognition that has

  7. 49 CFR Appendix B to Part 222 - Alternative Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Appendix B to Part 222—Alternative Safety Measures Introduction ...appendix A. After reviewing the estimated safety effect of the modified SSM and the...awareness directed at motor vehicle drivers, pedestrians and residents near the railroad to...

  8. 49 CFR Appendix B to Part 222 - Alternative Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Appendix B to Part 222—Alternative Safety Measures Introduction ...appendix A. After reviewing the estimated safety effect of the modified SSM and the...awareness directed at motor vehicle drivers, pedestrians and residents near the railroad to...

  9. 49 CFR Appendix B to Part 222 - Alternative Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Appendix B to Part 222—Alternative Safety Measures Introduction ...appendix A. After reviewing the estimated safety effect of the modified SSM and the...awareness directed at motor vehicle drivers, pedestrians and residents near the railroad to...

  10. 49 CFR Appendix B to Part 222 - Alternative Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Appendix B to Part 222—Alternative Safety Measures Introduction ...appendix A. After reviewing the estimated safety effect of the modified SSM and the...awareness directed at motor vehicle drivers, pedestrians and residents near the railroad to...

  11. 2014 Global Level Crossing Safety & Trespass Prevention Symposium

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    2014 Global Level Crossing Safety & Trespass Prevention Symposium Urbana, IL ­ University and Pedestrian Volumes Testing of Four Quadrant Gates/Pedestrian Treatments Design 2012+ IDOT/Union Pacific 110 Marquette Road at Belt Rail Company ­ City of Chicago Pedestrian Treatments Four Quadrant Gates #12

  12. Lab Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into laboratory safety, and covers interacting with the lab environment and a new lab partner. Topics covered include proper dress, housekeeping, safety equipment, mixing, fire safety, and spills. When the module is completed, visitors will be able to demonstrate proper lab safety techniques.

  13. HEALTH, SAFETY & INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    reporting · DSE Assessments · Risk Assessments · Electrical Safety #12;HEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING POLICYHEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING NEW STAFF INDUCTION #12;INTRODUCTION · University Health, Safety and Wellbeing Policy · The role of the Health & Safety Office · School/Unit Health & Safety Management

  14. Safety issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rohal, R.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of the NASA safety review process is to make sure that any system hazards that can endanger the manned flight system are precluded. The systems that address manned flight in a payload safety review process are discussed. The types of basic hazards that are normally addressed on any of the payloads are: contamination, electrical shock, explosions, radiation, and temperature extremes.

  15. Lab Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Sandra S.

    1991-01-01

    In response to the Texas Hazardous Communication Act (THCA) of 1986 which raised many new health and liability issues regarding students in science laboratories, a laboratory safety survey was generated for use in evaluating laboratory safety. This article contains the easy-to-use survey. (ZWH)

  16. ATV Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for Parents for Kids for Teens Teens Home Body Mind Sexual Health Food & Fitness Diseases & Conditions Infections Q&A School & Jobs Drugs & Alcohol Staying Safe Recipes En Espańol ... to Body Image ATV Safety KidsHealth > Teens > Staying Safe > Safety ...

  17. Safety Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halligan, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

  18. 23 CFR 970.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...970.212 Federal lands safety management system (SMS...use the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related), location, description... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  19. 25 CFR 170.144 - What are eligible highway safety projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... What are eligible highway safety projects? The following...can be considered as highway safety projects: (a) Highway...Bridge widening; (c) Pedestrian paths/sidewalks and bus shelters...or made part of, a highway safety project; (e)...

  20. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 222 - Approved Supplementary Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...222—Approved Supplementary Safety Measures A. Requirements...Effectiveness Rates for Supplementary Safety Measures This section provides...list of approved supplementary safety measures (SSMs) that...must completely block adjacent pedestrian crossings. c....

  1. 23 CFR 972.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  2. 23 CFR 971.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  3. 23 CFR 972.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  4. 23 CFR 972.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  5. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 222 - Approved Supplementary Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...222—Approved Supplementary Safety Measures A. Requirements...Effectiveness Rates for Supplementary Safety Measures This section provides...list of approved supplementary safety measures (SSMs) that...must completely block adjacent pedestrian crossings. c....

  6. 23 CFR 971.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  7. 23 CFR 970.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...970.212 Federal lands safety management system (SMS...use the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related), location, description... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  8. 23 CFR 973.212 - Indian lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...countermeasures which affect safety on the BIA's and ITG's...training needs to implement safety programs for highway and transit...for effective inclusion of safety decisions in the administration...turn, head-on, sideswipe, pedestrian-related,...

  9. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 222 - Approved Supplementary Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...222—Approved Supplementary Safety Measures A. Requirements...Effectiveness Rates for Supplementary Safety Measures This section provides...list of approved supplementary safety measures (SSMs) that...must completely block adjacent pedestrian crossings. c....

  10. 23 CFR 973.212 - Indian lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...countermeasures which affect safety on the BIA's and ITG's...training needs to implement safety programs for highway and transit...for effective inclusion of safety decisions in the administration...turn, head-on, sideswipe, pedestrian-related,...

  11. 23 CFR 970.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...970.212 Federal lands safety management system (SMS...use the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related), location, description... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  12. 25 CFR 170.144 - What are eligible highway safety projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... What are eligible highway safety projects? The following...can be considered as highway safety projects: (a) Highway...Bridge widening; (c) Pedestrian paths/sidewalks and bus shelters...or made part of, a highway safety project; (e)...

  13. 25 CFR 170.144 - What are eligible highway safety projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... What are eligible highway safety projects? The following...can be considered as highway safety projects: (a) Highway...Bridge widening; (c) Pedestrian paths/sidewalks and bus shelters...or made part of, a highway safety project; (e)...

  14. 23 CFR 970.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...970.212 Federal lands safety management system (SMS...use the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related), location, description... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  15. 23 CFR 973.212 - Indian lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...countermeasures which affect safety on the BIA's and ITG's...training needs to implement safety programs for highway and transit...for effective inclusion of safety decisions in the administration...turn, head-on, sideswipe, pedestrian-related,...

  16. 75 FR 37343 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Occupant Crash Protection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-29

    ...National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part...applied toward a vehicle's Safety Assist rating, which in...Child Occupant Protection, Pedestrian Protection and a new area of assessment: Safety...

  17. 23 CFR 972.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  18. 25 CFR 170.144 - What are eligible highway safety projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... What are eligible highway safety projects? The following...can be considered as highway safety projects: (a) Highway...Bridge widening; (c) Pedestrian paths/sidewalks and bus shelters...or made part of, a highway safety project; (e)...

  19. 23 CFR 973.212 - Indian lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...countermeasures which affect safety on the BIA's and ITG's...training needs to implement safety programs for highway and transit...for effective inclusion of safety decisions in the administration...turn, head-on, sideswipe, pedestrian-related,...

  20. 23 CFR 971.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  1. 75 FR 51521 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems; Technical Report on the Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ...National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Room W53-312...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Safety Standard 121 (49 CFR 571...involvements of hitting animals, pedestrians, or bicycles and, only...National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Room...

  2. 23 CFR 970.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...970.212 Federal lands safety management system (SMS...use the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related), location, description... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  3. 23 CFR 971.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  4. 23 CFR 972.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize the SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  5. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 222 - Approved Supplementary Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...222—Approved Supplementary Safety Measures A. Requirements...Effectiveness Rates for Supplementary Safety Measures This section provides...list of approved supplementary safety measures (SSMs) that...must completely block adjacent pedestrian crossings. c....

  6. 23 CFR 973.212 - Indian lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...countermeasures which affect safety on the BIA's and ITG's...training needs to implement safety programs for highway and transit...for effective inclusion of safety decisions in the administration...turn, head-on, sideswipe, pedestrian-related,...

  7. 23 CFR 971.212 - Federal lands safety management system (SMS).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...electronically at http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/media...utilize SMS to ensure that safety is considered and implemented...rear-end, head-on, pedestrian-related, etc.), location... (ii) An inventory of safety appurtenances such as...

  8. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 222 - Approved Supplementary Safety Measures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...222—Approved Supplementary Safety Measures A. Requirements...Effectiveness Rates for Supplementary Safety Measures This section provides...list of approved supplementary safety measures (SSMs) that...must completely block adjacent pedestrian crossings. c....

  9. EXPLORING SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT IN METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    , improving pedestrian and bicycle safety, and improving safety around school zones. Efforts in eachEXPLORING SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT IN METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION SAFETY-0751 USA Tel: +1 503 725 4249, Fax: +1 503 725 5950 E-mail: moest@pdx.edu Abstract: Traffic safety strongly

  10. 32 CFR 636.26 - Pedestrian's rights and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...vehicle, or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely...be in danger. (c) Pedestrians will not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into...driver to stop. (d) Pedestrians crossing a...

  11. 7 CFR 503.12 - Vehicular and pedestrian traffic.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. 503.12 Section...503.12 Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Drivers...all posted traffic signs. Pedestrians will also observe specific safety directives as may be...

  12. 32 CFR 636.26 - Pedestrian's rights and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...vehicle, or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely...be in danger. (c) Pedestrians will not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into...driver to stop. (d) Pedestrians crossing a...

  13. 32 CFR 636.26 - Pedestrian's rights and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...vehicle, or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely...be in danger. (c) Pedestrians will not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into...driver to stop. (d) Pedestrians crossing a...

  14. 32 CFR 636.26 - Pedestrian's rights and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...vehicle, or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely...be in danger. (c) Pedestrians will not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into...driver to stop. (d) Pedestrians crossing a...

  15. 7 CFR 503.12 - Vehicular and pedestrian traffic.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. 503.12 Section...503.12 Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Drivers...all posted traffic signs. Pedestrians will also observe specific safety directives as may be...

  16. 32 CFR 636.26 - Pedestrian's rights and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...vehicle, or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely...be in danger. (c) Pedestrians will not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into...driver to stop. (d) Pedestrians crossing a...

  17. 7 CFR 503.12 - Vehicular and pedestrian traffic.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. 503.12 Section...503.12 Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Drivers...all posted traffic signs. Pedestrians will also observe specific safety directives as may be...

  18. 7 CFR 503.12 - Vehicular and pedestrian traffic.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. 503.12 Section...503.12 Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Drivers...all posted traffic signs. Pedestrians will also observe specific safety directives as may be...

  19. 7 CFR 503.12 - Vehicular and pedestrian traffic.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. 503.12 Section...503.12 Vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Drivers...all posted traffic signs. Pedestrians will also observe specific safety directives as may be...

  20. Software safety

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leveson, Nancy

    1987-01-01

    Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

  1. Interdisciplinary Traffic Safety Instructional System: Series V.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Intended to train fifth grade students in safe conduct on the school bus, on bicycles, in autos and in the school environment and to develop their perceptual skills as pedestrians amid traffic and under hazardous conditions at school, this curriculum provides directions and materials for approximately 130 safety learning activities. Safety

  2. Interdisciplinary Traffic Safety Instructional System: Series IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Directions and materials for approximately 110 fourth grade level trafic safety learning activities, intended to develop the perceptual skills of young pedestrians and to train fourth grade students in safe conduct on the school bus, on bicycles, in an auto and in the school environment, are provided. Safety concepts and skills are taught through…

  3. Interdisciplinary Traffic Safety Instructional System: Series I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Intended to train first grade students in safe conduct on the school bus, on bicycles, in an auto and in the school environment and to develop the perceptual skills they need as pedestrians, this curriculum provides directions and materials for approximately 150 safety learning activities. Safety concepts and skills are taught through activities…

  4. System safety education focused on flight safety

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holt, E.

    1971-01-01

    The measures necessary for achieving higher levels of system safety are analyzed with an eye toward maintaining the combat capability of the Air Force. Several education courses were provided for personnel involved in safety management. Data include: (1) Flight Safety Officer Course, (2) Advanced Safety Program Management, (3) Fundamentals of System Safety, and (4) Quantitative Methods of Safety Analysis.

  5. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL

    E-print Network

    Maroncelli, Mark

    ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL May 10, 2002 #12;i Acknowledgements Environmental Health and Safety gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by the University Safety Council extremely helpful. #12;ii Environmental Health and Safety General Safety Manual Table of Contents Section

  6. LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Houston, Paul L.

    LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ISSUED BY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY OFFICE OF RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY and GEORGIA TECH LASER SAFETY COMMITTEE July 1, 2010 Revised July 31, 2012 #12;Laser Safety Program 1-1 #12;Laser Safety Policy Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. POLICY AND SCOPE

  7. Water Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... best measure of protection. Back Continue Making Kids Water Wise It's important to teach your kids proper ... the pool is not in use. Back Continue Water Safety Outdoors First, teach kids never to swim ...

  8. Safety Tips.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagel, Miriam C., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Outlines a cooperative effort in Iowa to eliminate dangerous or unwanted chemicals from school science storerooms. Also reviews the Council of State Science Supervisor's safety program and discusses how to prevent cuts and punctures from jagged glass tubing. (JN)

  9. Aerospace Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents materials on aerospace safety. Topics include hazard communications, lockout/tagout, confined space entry, fall protection, PPE, firefighting and bloodborne pathogens.

  10. First Aid and Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... First-Aid Kit Food Safety for Your Family Gun Safety Halloween Candy Hints Household Safety Checklists Household ... Climbing, and Grabbing Household Safety: Preventing Injuries From Firearms Household Safety: Preventing Injuries in the Crib Household ...

  11. Safety, Security & Fire Report

    E-print Network

    Straight, Aaron

    2013 Safety, Security & Fire Report Stanford University #12;Table of Contents Public Safety About the Stanford University Department of Public Safety Community Outreach & Education Programs Emergency Access Transportation Safety Bicycle Safety The Jeanne Clery and Higher Education Act Timely Warning

  12. Naderi and Raman 1 Design Considerations in Simulating Pedestrian Environments

    E-print Network

    ABSTRACT Pedestrian Simulation is a new area of safety and health research employing contemporary a variety of current pedestrian research needs related to improving both the safety of the pedestrianNaderi and Raman 1 Design Considerations in Simulating Pedestrian Environments Submitted: August 1

  13. Pedestrian Facilities in South Africa: Research and Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hubrecht Ribbens

    1996-01-01

    An overview of the pedestrian accident problem in South Africa is given, and the engineering solutions implemented to improve pedestrian safety are discussed. The pedestrian problem accounts for part of the road safety problem in South Africa. In recent years there has been a reduction in the number of pedestrian fatalities and injuries. Research findings in the early 1980s showed

  14. A correlation among safety leadership, safety climate and safety performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tsung-Chih Wu; Chi-Hsiang Chen; Chin-Chung Li

    2008-01-01

    There has not been much consensus on the causality of safety climates in the past 25 years. Moreover, there is an overall lack of models specifying the relationship among safety leadership, safety climate and safety performance. On the grounds of social system theory, this study has investigated the potential correlation among them. Self-administered questionnaires that included a safety leadership scale,

  15. UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Health & Safety Regulations (OHSR): 3.12 & 3.13 ­Workers Right to Refuse Unsafe Work, 3.23 ­ Young or New Worker Orientation, 4.20.1 ­ Working Alone or in Isolation; 4.46 ­ Ergonomic Requirements. Please contact

  16. Toolbox Safety Talk Ladder Safety

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    and construction worker injuries. Falls cause 15% of all accidental deaths, and are second only to motor vehicle Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Slips, trips, and falls constitute the majority of general industry

  17. 76 FR 11417 - Public Workshop and Hearing for Rear Visibility; Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, Rearview...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ...National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA...Federal motor vehicle safety standard on rearview...a vehicle to detect pedestrians in the area immediately...Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007 (75 FR...a vehicle striking a pedestrian while performing a...

  18. Science Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Vu, Michael

    Created by specialists at the Baylor College of Medicine's BioEd Online team, the Science Safety site brings together videos, pamphlets, and other instructional resources designed to help students and educators learn about lab safety. The site contains three key videos: "Tools and Equipment of Science," "Using a Bright Field Light Microscope," and "Using a Micropipettor." Demonstrators include scientists and teachers from around Texas and the tone of the films is erudite, age-appropriate, and accessible. Additionally, the site includes links to Lesson Demonstrations, which address subjects such as ecology, forces and motion, and microorganisms.

  19. Safety Awards 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    A RECONEENDED SAFETY PROGRAN FOR THE MABRY FOUNDRY AND NACHINE CONPANY AND IRON CASTINSS INCORPORATED OF BEAUNONT, TEXAS Edward Naz'shall Begnaud Appz'oved as to style and content by: n o osa ee n v sos') LfBRARY, A 4 M COLLEGE OF Texgt A... RECOMMENDED SAFETY PROGRAM FOR THE MABRY FOUNDRY AND MACHINE COMPANY AND IRON CASTINGS INCORPORATED OF BEAUMONT, TNXAS Edward Marshall Bsgnaud ll I Submitted to ths Graduate School of the Agricultuxal and. Mechanical College of Texas in Partial...

  20. ATV Safety

    E-print Network

    Smith, David

    2004-09-16

    , Extension Safety Program The Texas A&M University System Source: All-Terrain Vehicle 2001 Injury and Exposure Studies. Consumer Product Safety Commission. January 2003. Causes of Injuries and Fatalities ATV accidents are rarely caused by design flaws. Most... at a sharp angle to cross a gully, plac- ing the vehicle in a severe side lean. Blood analysis showed significant levels of both amphetamine and cannabinoid, and a bag of a suspected controlled sub- stance was found on the body. Source: Wyoming FACE...

  1. On the Limits of Positioning-based Pedestrian Risk Awareness

    E-print Network

    Gruteser, Marco

    pedestrian safety. We discuss requirements for pedes- trian risk detection from rural to urban environments. Keywords Pedestrian Safety; Smartphone; Localization; Augmented Reality; GPS Categories and Subject attention back to the real world. This role can be particularly valuable in a pedestrian safety context

  2. Pedestrian Protection Systems: Issues, Survey, and Challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarak Gandhi; Mohan Manubhai Trivedi

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the recent research on the enhancement of pedestrian safety to help develop a better un- derstanding of the nature, issues, approaches, and challenges surrounding the problem. It presents a comprehensive review of research efforts underway dealing with pedestrian safety and collision avoidance. The importance of pedestrian protection is emphasized in a global context, discussing the research programs

  3. Toolbox Safety Talk Machine Shop Safety

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Machine Shop Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Machine shops are an integral part of the Cornell University paths remain unobstructed at all times. Users are required to clean up all chips, dirt, oil, etc

  4. Toolbox Safety Talk Welding & Metal Work Safety

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Welding & Metal Work Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety or harmful emission giving metals. Welding Safety When welding outside of a designated welding booth, ensure injury. Avoid welding on materials such as galvanized or stainless steel in order to minimize toxic fume

  5. Toolbox Safety Talk Hot Work Safety Procedures

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Hot Work Safety Procedures Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health Section 395 Pine Tree Rd. Suite 210 Ithaca, NY 14850 607.255.8200 5.24.10 Please return sign-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. "Hot Work" is defined as any temporary

  6. Art Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BCATA Journal for Art Teachers, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Advocating that Canadian art programs should use and model environmentally safe practices, the articles in this journal focus on issues of safe practices in art education. Articles are: (1) "What is WHMIS?"; (2) "Safety Precautions for Specific Art Processes"; (3) "Toxic Substances"; (4) "Using Clay, Glazes, and Kilns Safely in the Classroom"…

  7. Safety First!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longfield, Judith

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author relates how a hands-on chemistry investigation provided her the inspiration to develop an effective safety lesson for her third grade chemistry class. She began the lesson by demonstrating the use of pH indicator paper to show that ordinary household (white) vinegar was an acid. With the students, she wondered aloud…

  8. Asymptotic Safety

    E-print Network

    R. Percacci

    2008-11-18

    Asymptotic safety is a set of conditions, based on the existence of a nontrivial fixed point for the renormalization group flow, which would make a quantum field theory consistent up to arbitrarily high energies. After introducing the basic ideas of this approach, I review the present evidence in favor of an asymptotically safe quantum field theory of gravity.

  9. School Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Newsletter of the Comprehensive Center-Region VI, 1999

    1999-01-01

    The articles in this issue dealing with school safety discusses what rural and small urban settings are doing to prevent violence and to educate young people about prosocial alternatives to violence. The research is quite clear that female, minority, and gay students are the targets of a disproportionate amount of harassment and violence, both in…

  10. Safety Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoot, James L.; Bartkowiak, Elaine T.

    1994-01-01

    Lists 72 organizations and programs that deal with child safety, grouped by the following categories: (1) general; (2) general violence; (3) gun violence; (4) media violence; (5) drugs and alcohol; (6) child abuse and at-risk children; (7) parenting programs; (8) community service programs; (9) leadership programs; (10) peer counseling; (11)…

  11. PEDESTRIAN AVOIDANCE FOR UNMANNED GROUND VEHICLES BASED ON VELOCITY OCCUPANCY SPACE

    E-print Network

    Peng, Huei

    -time moving obstacle avoidance for Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs). Pedestrian safety and comfort must with improved avoidance behavior. We investigate three potential methods for enhancing pedestrian safety them in order to ensure pedestrian safety and comfort. Literature Review Human Comfort and Safety One

  12. Fellow Faculty and Staff, Effective 5:00 PM., Wednesday, December 24th, the Department of Public Safety will

    E-print Network

    Southern California, University of

    Safety will lock all pedestrian gates at the main gate entrances and surrounding perimeter, with the exception of the pedestrian gates at Gates 3 and 6. All pedestrian gates will remain locked until 5:00 AM staff or faculty ID with you while inside the building. DPS has also provided holiday safety tips on our

  13. Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Safety & Prevention

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the NIOSH Website Workplace Safety and Health Topics Industries & Occupations Hazards & Exposures Diseases & Injuries Safety & Prevention Chemicals Emergency Preparedness & Response Publications and Products NIOSH Programs ...

  14. Estimating Pedestrian Accident Exposure: Automated Pedestrian Counting Devices Report

    E-print Network

    Bu, Fanping; Greene-Roesel, Ryan; Diogenes, Mara Chagas; Ragland, David R

    2007-01-01

    and C.V. Zegeer. ITS and Pedestrian Safety at SignalizedPedestrian Counting Devices Report March 2007 Dan Burden The mission of the UC Berkeley Traffic Safetysafety through research, curriculum and material development, outreach, and training for professionals and students. ESTIMATING PEDESTRIAN

  15. Child safety seats

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to install child safety seats, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration online. ... safety. Pediatrics . 2011; 127(4):e1050-e1066. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Car seats . Accessed March 29, ...

  16. Safety and Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berthelot, Ronald J.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    This series of five articles highlights Pensacola Junior College's occupational safety course, involving simulated emergencies, Florida's standards for teacher liability, electrical safety in the classroom and laboratory, color coding for machine safety, and Florida industrial arts safety instructional materials. (SK)

  17. Effectiveness Safety Committee

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    Increase the Effectiveness of Your Safety Committee Lisa Tobiason An equal opportunity educator 302 Acres. ­ East Campus 338 Acres. #12;UNL Safety Committees · Chancellors University Safety Committee (CUSC). · Unit Safety Committees. ­ Thirty-two active committees representing Lincoln campuses

  18. CPSC Safety Guides

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Neighborhood Safety Network Community Outreach Resource Center CO Poster Contest Toy Recall Statistics Pool Safely Home / Safety ... Guides These free CPSC safety materials include brochures, posters and alerts. CPSC provides free safety alerts, guides, ...

  19. A Product Safety Primer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Mary Anne Symons

    1975-01-01

    The article offers an overview of the product safety issue and offers ideas for helping students develop product safety awareness. The role of the Consumer Product Safety Commission and safety legislation are discussed. (MW)

  20. Child Passenger Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What's this? Submit Button Past Emails CDC Features Child Passenger Safety Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... Pediatrics Child Passenger Safety Technical Report Podcasts on Child Passenger Safety CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety [ ...

  1. Safety harness

    DOEpatents

    Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

    1993-01-01

    A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

  2. Safety harness

    SciTech Connect

    Gunter, L.W.

    1991-04-08

    A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment. The safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

  3. TWRS safety program plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Calderon; Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-01-01

    Management of Nuclear Safety, Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, and Fire Protection programs, functions, and field support resources for Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) has, until recently, been centralized in TWRS Safety, under the Emergency, Safety, and Quality organization. Industrial hygiene technician services were also provided to support operational needs related to safety basis compliance. Due to WHC decentralization of safety

  4. Safety valve

    DOEpatents

    Bergman, Ulf C. (Malmoe, SE)

    1984-01-01

    The safety valve contains a resilient gland to be held between a valve seat and a valve member and is secured to the valve member by a sleeve surrounding the end of the valve member adjacent to the valve seat. The sleeve is movable relative to the valve member through a limited axial distance and a gap exists between said valve member and said sleeve.

  5. 49 CFR 222.27 - How does this rule affect pedestrian grade crossings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...d) of this part. (a) Pedestrian grade crossings located within...in the quiet zone. (b) Pedestrian grade crossings that are...responsible for grade crossing safety and all affected railroads...diagnostic team reviews of pedestrian grade crossings....

  6. 49 CFR 222.27 - How does this rule affect pedestrian grade crossings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...d) of this part. (a) Pedestrian grade crossings located within...in the quiet zone. (b) Pedestrian grade crossings that are...responsible for grade crossing safety and all affected railroads...diagnostic team reviews of pedestrian grade crossings....

  7. 49 CFR 222.27 - How does this rule affect pedestrian grade crossings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...d) of this part. (a) Pedestrian grade crossings located within...in the quiet zone. (b) Pedestrian grade crossings that are...responsible for grade crossing safety and all affected railroads...diagnostic team reviews of pedestrian grade crossings....

  8. 49 CFR 222.27 - How does this rule affect pedestrian grade crossings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...d) of this part. (a) Pedestrian grade crossings located within...in the quiet zone. (b) Pedestrian grade crossings that are...responsible for grade crossing safety and all affected railroads...diagnostic team reviews of pedestrian grade crossings....

  9. 49 CFR 222.27 - How does this rule affect pedestrian grade crossings?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...d) of this part. (a) Pedestrian grade crossings located within...in the quiet zone. (b) Pedestrian grade crossings that are...responsible for grade crossing safety and all affected railroads...diagnostic team reviews of pedestrian grade crossings....

  10. Traffic Safety Culture Center for Transportation Safety

    E-print Network

    The Texas Traffic Safety Culture Survey Center for Transportation Safety November 2010 #12;2 Summary For decades, traffic safety improvements have relied primarily upon engineering nationwide, as measured in the 2010 Traffic Safety Culture Index published by the AAA Foundation for Traffic

  11. Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Employee Safety

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Environmental Health and Instructional Safety #12;Employee Safety Page 1 To our University an environment for students, faculty, staff, and visitors that will not adversely affect their health and safety task that is unsafe or hazardous. Environmental Health and Instructional Safety can assist departments

  12. EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION

    E-print Network

    Bolch, Tobias

    Page | 0 EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION _________________ Risk, Safety & Security 3333 University Way to be acquainted with the safety program, welcome! Risk, Safety & Security at UNBC is dynamic. With more than 3 worksite and safe work procedures which pertain to your job. The role of the Risk and Safety Office

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Brownstone, Rob

    ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY ORIENTATION HANDBOOK Environmental Health and Safety Office safety Environmental Health & Safety Committee 494-2495 (Phone) Dalhousie Emergencies (Security, Police, Fire Education Occupational Health and Safety Division 424-5400 or 1-800-952-2687 (Phone) 424-5640 (Fax) http

  14. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    MARYLAND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH ACT safety and health protection on the job STATE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS, AND OTHER APPLICABLE REGULATIONS MAY BE OBTAINED FROM 19106-3309 The Maryland Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1973 provides job safety and health

  15. Designing with Traffic Safety in Mind.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, John

    1998-01-01

    Provides an example of how one county public school system was able to minimize traffic accidents and increase safety around its schools. Illustrations are provided of safer bus loading zones, pedestrian walkways and sidewalks, staff parking, and acceptable methods for staging buses. A checklist for school driveway design concludes the article.…

  16. Interdisciplinary Traffic Safety Instructional System: Series II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    This traffic safety curriculum for second grade students provides directions and materials for approximately 132 activities. Intended to develop pedestrian perceptual skills and to train children in safe conduct on the school bus, in an auto and in the school environment, the curriculum features concepts and skills taught through activities from…

  17. Interdisciplinary Traffic Safety Instructional System: Kindergarten.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    Directions and materials for approximately 200 kindergarten-level safety learning activities, intended to develop the perceptual skills of young pedestrians and to train kindergarten children in safe conduct on the school bus, on bicycles, in an auto, and in the school environment are provided. Concepts and skills are taught through activities…

  18. 78 FR 10110 - Accessibility Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-of-Way; Shared Use Paths

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-13

    ...including separate pathways for pedestrians and bicyclists; and detectable...Separate Pathways for Pedestrians and Bicyclists An organization...present an unacceptable safety risk to blind or visually impaired pedestrians unless there is a...

  19. Electrical Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kuphaldt, Tony R.

    All About Circuits is a website that â??provides a series of online textbooks covering electricity and electronics.â?ť Written by Tony R. Kuphaldt, the textbooks available here are wonderful resources for students, teachers, and anyone who is interested in learning more about electronics. This specific section, Electrical Safety, is the third chapter in Volume I. Topics covered in this chapter include: shock current path, Ohmâ??s law, safe practices, emergence response, safe circuit design, safe meter usage, and electric shock data. Diagrams and detailed descriptions of concepts are included throughout the chapter to provide users with a comprehensive lesson. Visitors to the site are also encouraged to discuss concepts and topics using the All About Circuits discussion forums (registration with the site is required to post materials).

  20. Propeller Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    With over 412,000 members, the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) continues to work for the issues that are important to its members. One area that they are very concerned with is providing educational materials and opportunities for those persons who would like to enter the aircraft maintenance field. They are continuingly updating their online collection of technical primers and general overviews. One particular noteworthy publication is their "Propeller Safety" manual. Within the document's 12 pages, visitors can learn the basics about working around the propeller, prop mechanics, and key maintenance matters. Along the way, interested parties will find helpful graphics, photographs, and visual aids that will help them identify various problem areas.

  1. Herbal Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In the past decade, there has been an increased interest in herbal medicines and treatments, both from the mainstream medical community and the general public. One need look no further than the cold drink section of the local supermarket to see the various herbal supplements that are prominently displayed on many drink labels. In an effort to provide critical evaluations of these various herbs and related products, the University of Texas at El Paso has created this important website in order to disseminate information about research findings related to herbal use and to provide these findings in both English and Spanish. There are a number of very helpful fact sheets presented here, including those that the deal with such commonly used medicinal herbs and plants, such as ginseng, chamomile, pumpkin seeds, and St. John's Wort. The Herbal Safety site also contains information on recent medical studies that examine the effectiveness of such medicinal treatments.

  2. Water Safety Quiz

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Disaster or Emergency › Types of Emergency › Water Safety Water Safety Quiz Trivia quiz loading... Please enable javascript. Stay Safe around Water Download water safety tips in English or Spanish ...

  3. Skidder Safety and Efficiency

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Skidder Safety and Efficiency: A Discussion Leader's Guide #12;Skidder Safety and Efficiency. Goerlich, District Program Leader, Central District Bryan Wagner, Trainer, Forestry Mutual Insurance to accompany the Skidder Safety and Efficiency training DVD available from Virginia Cooperative Extension www

  4. ETE Electrical Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This resource is a collection of safety topics that may be discussed in electrical safety meetings or classes. Topics include fuse removal, GFCIs, electrical shock, first aid, LOTO, PPE, fire safety, and hazardous locations.

  5. Environmental Health and Safety

    E-print Network

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Environmental Health and Safety Approved by Document No. Version Date Replaces Page EHS EHS). 1. INTRODUCTION I was informed of McGill's Health & Safety Policies, including: Laboratory Responsibilities Health & Safety Internal Responsibility System Personal Protective Equipment Policy Accident

  6. Workplace Safety and Health

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-03-02

    An index of information on workplace hazards, illnesses, injuries, and safety compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Includes information on biosafety, chemical safety, and electrical safety.

  7. Medical Device Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E- ... this page Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section ...

  8. Pool & Spa Safety Act

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Safely > The Pool & Spa Safety Act The Pool & Spa Safety Act Download the Act 2008 Pool & Spa ... Act Format: PDF The Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act (P&SS Act) was enacted by Congress ...

  9. Paper Shredder Safety Alert

    MedlinePLUS

    Paper Shredder Safety Alert Consumer model paper shredders are very popular. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission ( ... offers the following safety tips when using a paper shredder: ? Never allow children to operate paper shredders, ...

  10. Towards City-Scale Smartphone Sensing of Potentially Unsafe Pedestrian Movements

    E-print Network

    Gruteser, Marco

    collection of pedes- trian movement data to promote pedestrian safety in our rapidly developing urban safety. One way to alleviate this problem is to collect large scale pedestrian walking data, identify. This personal sensing, when aggregated, can provide us with a fresh perspective on pedestrian safety. Our goal

  11. Rosenblatt Naderi -1 -Landscape Design in the Clear Zone: The Effect of Landscape Variables on Pedestrian

    E-print Network

    on Pedestrian Health and Driver Safety Jody Rosenblatt Naderi, M.L.A. Assistant Professor, Department and landscape variables on safety and pedestrian activity. Sites selected for this study will be those adjacent response from both pedestrians and drivers in health and safety outcomes respectively. The emerging

  12. RC-375 Driver and Traffic Safety 32-Hour Classroom Curriculum Rubric

    E-print Network

    Wu, Mingshen

    motorcycle safety and pedestrian /bicycle safety awareness organizations 0-10 115.28(11)(d) InstructionRC-375 Driver and Traffic Safety 32-Hour Classroom Curriculum Rubric Student name that a qualified traffic safety educator could perform the lesson 0-10 Content and sequence of the Drive Right 11th

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION

    E-print Network

    PREPAREDNESS 26740 FIRE PREVENTION Burnaby: 23867 Surrey: FS Vancouver: Ops FIRE SAFETY PLANS 23011 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EMERGENCY RESPONSE 27264 HAZMAT DOOR SIGNAGE 27265 INCIDENT INVESTIGATION Supervisors, Safety Planner 26740 Associate Advisor Emergency Planning (Emergency Planning, Fire Evacuation) 28632 EHS OFFICE

  14. LNG safety, safety regulations and public perception

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, J.P.; Outtrim, P.A. [Project Technical Liaison Associates, Inc., Spring, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Although the subjects of safety, safety regulations and public perception are relatively separate, they should be discussed within the context of their total impact on the owner`s operation. The safety of LNG is a major issue both on an absolute safety basis and perceived safety basis. Public and regulatory perception are the dominant factors in the development of regulations and issue of permits. A safe operation includes protection of the public, plant personnel, investment in facilities and continued operation. In addition, protection of the company from litigation and regulatory restraint are also considerations. The paper discusses general safety considerations, safety regulation considerations, storage and impoundment, transport, odorization, personnel training, recent OSHA and EPA rule making activities, and recent research and progress in LNG safety.

  15. Effects of Pedestrian Prompts on Motorist Yielding at Crosswalks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowley-Koch, Brian J.; Van Houten, Ron; Lim, Eunyoung

    2011-01-01

    Pedestrian safety is a serious concern at busy intersections and pedestrian campuses across the nation. Although crosswalks and signs inform pedestrians where to cross, there is no standard protocol for pedestrians to signal drivers that they wish to use the crosswalks, except to stand in or at the crosswalk. We examined the effects of two…

  16. National Ag Safety Database

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. Spanish materials are included.

  17. Farm Health and Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  18. Scope on Safety: Sun Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ken Roy

    2007-11-01

    So, what does "sun safety" have to do with middle school science teachers, especially during the winter months? With the movement toward hands-on science and environmentally oriented curricula, more students and teachers in science classes are doing fieldwork in the sun year round. Unfortunately, many people still believe winter equates to little or no UV exposure. This is just not so. It does not matter what time of year, nor where you are--UV radiation is there and can be a danger. This month's column provides strategies for middle school science teachers to protect themselves and their students from exposure to the UV rays of the sun. In addition, some UV and health facts are included.

  19. Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety

    E-print Network

    Houston, Paul L.

    Information: Department: Building: Room: Lab Phone: #12;Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Supervisor I shall notify the Laser Safety Officer in writing of my intention to move my laser/laser lab or disposal of lasers in my lab(s). 8. I have read and understand the Georgia Tech Laser Safety Policy Manual

  20. Safety & You Annual Security & Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Hu, Hui

    Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. The report includes: campus and community crime statistics, fire Crime Statistics 16 Fire Safety 18 Fire Drills 18 Fire Alarms 19 Fire Safety Systems 20 Fire Education statistics, policies, safety tips, resource phone numbers, and a brief overview of the many services

  1. Safety analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knight, John C.

    1995-01-01

    We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The first case study is the Magnetic Stereotaxis System (MSS), an investigational device for performing human neurosurgery being developed in a joint effort between the Department of Physics at the University of Virginia and the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Iowa. The system operates by manipulating a small permanent magnet (known as a 'seed') within the brain using an externally applied magnetic field. By varying the magnitude and gradient of the external magnetic field, the seed can be moved along a non-linear path and positioned at a site requiring therapy, e.g., a tumor. The magnetic field required for movement through brain tissue is extremely high, and is generated by a set of six superconducting magnets located in a housing surrounding the patient's head. The system uses two X-ray cameras positioned at right angles to detect in real time the locations of the seed and of X-ray opaque markers affixed to the patient's skull. the X-ray images are used to locate the objects of interest in a canonical frame of reference. the second case study is the University of Virginia Research Nuclear Reactor (UVAR). It is a 2 MW thermal, concrete-walled pool reactor. The system operates using 20 to 25 plate-type fuel assemblies placed on a rectangular grid plate. There are three scramable safety rods, and one non-scramable regulating rod that can be put in automatic mode. It was originally constructed in 1959 as a 1 MW system, and it was upgraded to 2 MW in 1973. Though only a research reactor rather than a power reactor, the issues raised are significant and can be related to the problems faced by full-scale reactor systems.

  2. SAFETY AND THE Office of Environmental Health and Instructional Safety

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    SAFETY AND THE SUPERVISOR Office of Environmental Health and Instructional Safety #12;Safety to University safety, health, and environmental compliance strategies. Every employee is entitled to a safe standard practices, and administering your overall safety, health, and environmental responsibilities

  3. EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS SAFETY PROCEDURES

    E-print Network

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    -8400 OCCUPATIONALAND ENvIRONMENTAL MEDICINE ­ NON-EMERGENCY #12;ELECTRICAL SAFETY Electrical devices must be properly ELECTRICAL SAFETY/CLINICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL SAFETY/CLINICAL ENGINEERING #12;ELECTRICAL SAFETYEMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY PROCEDURES Revised January 2010 BU Boston University Medical

  4. Electrical safety programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kim Eastwood; Danny Liggett; Erling Hesla

    2002-01-01

    An electrical safety program is a plan designed so that neither,workplace conditions, nor the actions of people, expose personnel unnecessarily to electrical hazards. Employers should develop and implement an electrical safety program to give overall safety directions for facility activities related to electrical work. Effective electrical safety programs are a major key in preventing electrical incidents.

  5. Materials Safety Data Sheets

    E-print Network

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) MSDS contain chemical hazard information about substances compounds and solvents. MSDS data can be accessed from the following URLs http://www.ehs.umass.edu/ http://www.chem.umass.edu/Safety the "Important Safety Sites for the University" link to reach a variety of safety related information, including

  6. Environmental Health and Safety

    E-print Network

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Environmental Health and Safety EHS-FORM-022 v.1.1 Page 1 of 1 Laboratory safety self NA Radioactive materials [MNI Radiation Safety Manua ]l MNI: contact Christian Janicki christian.janicki@mcgill.ca 8888-43866 ANSI (American National Standards Institute) Class 3b or 4 lasers Biological safety

  7. School Bus Safety Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This publication provides a summary and update of school bus-safety activities conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). This report discusses Congressional mandates and NHTSA's actions to improve school-bus safety (which include programs that affect human behavior and motor-vehicle safety performance), the magnitude…

  8. 494 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2, APRIL 2014 Will the Pedestrian Cross?

    E-print Network

    Gavrila, Dariu M.

    --Future vehicle systems for active pedestrian safety will not only require a high recognition performance but also­0.77 s around the stopping event. Index Terms--Computer vision, pedestrian safety, prediction methods. I in the first active pedestrian safety systems reaching the market. For example, our company Daimler has

  9. SEAS Safety Program SEAS SAFETY PROGRAM 2012-2103

    E-print Network

    Safety Administrative Support · Linn Eichler & Christie Gilliland Safety Inspection Support · Lab Safety #12;SEAS Safety ProgramSEAS Safety Program Services Provided to SEAS Research Labs · Annual Lab Safety · Relay relevant information back to your lab group · Report incidents to SEAS safety committee · Attend

  10. Neighborhood Advocacy for Pedestrian Realm Improvements

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    in pedestrian planning · Method: ­41 plans analyzed ­Three general criteria: Depth of Planning, SafetyWelcome! Neighborhood Advocacy for Pedestrian Realm Improvements in the Central Corridor District in Frogtown, Summit-U, Hamline Midway · Lack of detail on locations of crime and safety concerns · Basis

  11. Teaching Science: Lab Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Before entering the world of pipettes and Geiger counters, budding scientists will need to know about lab safety. Science educators will benefit from this laboratory safety site, developed by Professor Norman Herr, who teaches at California State University, Northridge. On his site, Professor Herr provides topically organized links that fall into the areas of safety standards, chemical hazards, chemical storage, and five other relevant topics. Within each section, visitors will find links to state safety standards, sample laboratory safety contracts, and fact sheets on chemical hazards. One potentially delightful classroom activity is the laboratory safety "scavenger hunt". Through this activity, students will learn about storage requirements, chemical risks, and other potential delicate matters.

  12. Space engine safety system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maul, William A.; Meyer, Claudia M.

    1991-01-01

    A rocket engine safety system is designed to initiate control procedures which will minimize damage to the engine and vehicle or test stand in the event of an engine failure. This report describes the features and the implementation issues associated with rocket engine safety systems. Specific concerns of safety systems applied to a space-based engine and long duration space missions are discussed. Examples of safety system features and architectures are given from recent safety monitoring investigations conducted for the Space Shuttle Main Engine and for future liquid rocket engines. Also, a general design and implementation process for rocket engine safety systems is presented.

  13. SNTP environmental, safety, and health

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harmon, Charles D.

    1993-01-01

    Viewgraphs on space nuclear thermal propulsion (SNTP) environmental, safety, and health are presented. Topics covered include: program safety policy; program safety policies; and DEIS public hearing comments.

  14. Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety

    E-print Network

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain fields will rapidly accelerate any magnetic material towards the magnet. § Magnetic material is commonly

  15. Toolbox Safety Talk Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    to as "Material Safety Data Sheets" (MSDS), communicate important information regarding the hazards of chemical techniques, equipment; chemical hazards from fire. Section 6. Accidental release measures: lists emergency-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Chemical manufacturers are required to produce

  16. ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 42: Subcontractor Safety

    E-print Network

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 42: Subcontractor Safety Quick Start managers (FCMs and SMs), procurement specialists, Environment, Safety, and Health (ESH) coordinators, Environment, Safety, Health, and Quality (ESHQ) Division representatives, and subcontractor management

  17. Water safety and drowning

    MedlinePLUS

    ... among people of all ages. Learning and practicing water safety is important to prevent drowning accidents. ... Water safety tips for all ages include: Learn CPR. Never swim alone. Never dive into water unless ...

  18. Hazmat Safety Community

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    US Department of Transportation (US Department of Transportation)

    2012-01-05

    This website created by the US Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, provides information on hazardous materials, regulations, safety advisory notices, training, as well as additional information.

  19. State Highway Safety Laws

    MedlinePLUS

    State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

  20. Security vs. Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgeon, Julie

    1999-01-01

    Provides administrative advice on how some safety experts have made college campuses safer and friendlier without breaking the budget. Tips on security and advice on safety management that encompasses the whole environment are highlighted. (GR)

  1. Dangerous Food Safety Mistakes

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Safety Mistakes Text Size: A A A Dangerous Food Safety Mistakes Sometimes a simple mistake can have ... proven to cause serious illness. Mistake #1: Tasting food to see if it’s still good Why: You ...

  2. Household Safety: Preventing Drowning

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a child, it's a good idea to: Learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the Heimlich maneuver. Keep the following numbers ... Accidents Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs Water Safety CPR Getting Help: Know the Numbers Babysitting: Pool Safety ...

  3. Animal Drug Safety FAQs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Health and Human Services FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration Protecting and Promoting Your Health A to ... Animal & Veterinary Safety & Health Frequently Asked Questions Animal Drug Safety Frequently Asked Questions I gave my dog ...

  4. Lawn Mower Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... mower blades. 5. Make sure that protective guards, shields, the grass catcher, and other types of safety ... fitting clothes, safety goggles or glasses with side shields, and hearing protection. 2. Watch for objects that ...

  5. Practice Hospital Bed Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... this page: Beware of Entrapment Guidance Entrapment Zones Fire Prevention Home Use Safety Tips What is a ... or unnecessarily restricted," he says. back to top Fire Prevention Fire is a rare safety risk associated ...

  6. 29 CFR 1915.93 - Motor vehicle safety equipment, operation and maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...ensure that each employee uses a safety belt, securely and tightly...employer shall ensure that vehicle safety equipment is not removed from...The employer shall replace safety equipment that is removed...to see, and avoid harming, pedestrians and bicyclists at...

  7. 29 CFR 1915.93 - Motor vehicle safety equipment, operation and maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...ensure that each employee uses a safety belt, securely and tightly...employer shall ensure that vehicle safety equipment is not removed from...The employer shall replace safety equipment that is removed...to see, and avoid harming, pedestrians and bicyclists at...

  8. 77 FR 38723 - Safety Zones; Sellwood Bridge Project, Willamette River; Portland, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ...the establishment of these safety zones does not entirely close...Willamette River between the safety zones will remain open for...substantially improved bicycle and pedestrian facilities. Construction work...older bridge. To ensure the safety of construction crews on...

  9. 77 FR 55265 - Notice of Meeting of the Transit Rail Advisory Committee for Safety (TRACS)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-07

    ...Rail Advisory Committee for Safety (TRACS). TRACS is a Federal...on matters relating to the safety of public transportation systems...facility. Attendees (both pedestrians and vehicle driver) who have...on matters relating to the safety of public transportation...

  10. 77 FR 15009 - Safety Zones; Sellwood Bridge Project, Willamette River; Portland, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-14

    ...Management Division, Marine Safety Unit Portland, Coast Guard...substantially improved bicycle and pedestrian facilities. Construction work...older bridge. To ensure the safety of construction crews on the...structures, and cranes, two safety zones on each side of the...

  11. 29 CFR 1915.93 - Motor vehicle safety equipment, operation and maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...ensure that each employee uses a safety belt, securely and tightly...employer shall ensure that vehicle safety equipment is not removed from...The employer shall replace safety equipment that is removed...to see, and avoid harming, pedestrians and bicyclists at...

  12. 77 FR 14970 - Safety Zones; Sellwood Bridge Project, Willamette River; Portland, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-14

    ...to allow public comment on safety zones in this area, the Coast...temporary rule that establishes safety zones in the same locations...substantially improved bicycle and pedestrian facilities. The project includes...older bridge. To ensure the safety of construction crews on...

  13. Agriscience Shop Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mr. Creel

    2011-11-02

    After completing this project, you should be able to pass the Shop Safety Test, allowing you to participate in the Agriscience Shop. Before you are allowed into the shop, you are required to pass a Shop Safety Test. The tools that follow will help you prepare for the test. Use the Shop Safety Chart that Mr. Creel gave you in class to take notes on important safety rules. OSHA is the "governmental ...

  14. DOE handbook electrical safety

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

  15. Electrical safety guidelines

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

  16. Safety Instrumented Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steve Gillespie; I. Eng

    Summary: In an increasingly multidisciplinary engineering environment, and in the face of ever increasing system complexity, there is a growing need for all engineers and technicians involved in process engineering to be aware of the implications of designing and operating safety-related systems. This includes knowledge of the relevant safety standards. Safety Instrumented Systems play a vital role in providing the

  17. Traffic Safety Research Contact

    E-print Network

    Latino Traffic Safety Initiative Research Contact: Katie Womack kwomack@tamu.edu tti will outnumber Caucasians in Texas by 2020. These converging realities underscore the need for a traffic safety for a traffic safety focus on the future majority population. · Motor vehicle traffic crashes are the leading

  18. EHS Online Safety Training

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This page from Oklahoma State University provides access to a number of occupational safety modules. All modules are available to view online, and some include PowerPoint or Microsoft Word documents as well. Topics include electrical safety, lockout/tagout, safety data sheets, asbestos and bloodborne pathogens.

  19. Electrical safety by design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Mohla; L. B. McClung; N. R. Rafferty

    1999-01-01

    This paper defines and emphasizes the concept of “Safety by Design” and outlines suggestions for consideration and application by designers, engineers, manufacturers and users of low, medium and high voltage power equipment as well as control equipment to enhance the safety of personnel, equipment and facility. The “Safety by Design” concept encourages all concerned to consider and optimize design ideas

  20. Refocusing Electrical Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Danny Liggett

    2006-01-01

    Electrical safety needs to be refocused. Over the last few years, there has been tremendous attention given to the arc flash hazard phenomenon. Even though this hazard needs attention to reduce the number of injuries occurring because of it, in some ways, it has become the predominate focus of electrical safety. Electrical safety is more than just the arc flash

  1. DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY

    E-print Network

    DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 by a qualified worker to determine the required safety-related work practices. When an electrical hazard exists for enhanced worker safety. #12;Page 5 of 139 3.2 ELECTRICAL HAZARDS There are numerous injury mechanisms from

  2. Refocusing electrical safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Liggett

    2004-01-01

    Electrical safety needs to be refocused. Over the last few years there has been tremendous attention given to the arc flash hazard phenomenon. Even though this hazard needs attention to reduce the number of injuries occurring because of it in some ways it has become the predominate focus of electrical safety. Electrical safety is more than just the arc flash

  3. Recognizing Safety and Liveness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bowen Alpern

    1986-01-01

    This paper substantiates that experience by formalizing safety and liveness in a way that permits the relationship between safety and invariance and between liveness and wellfoundedness to be demonstrated for a large class of properties. In so doing, we give new characterizations of safety and liveness and prove that they satisfy the formal definitions in [Alpera & Schneider 85a

  4. Nuclear Reactor Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. D. Bales; R. Boshears

    1996-01-01

    Nuclear Reactor Safety (NRS), published monthly, is a collection of abstracts of worldwide information available on all safety-related aspects of reactors, including accident analysis, safety systems, radiation protection, decommissioning and dismantling, and security measures. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database during the

  5. Environmental Health & Safety

    E-print Network

    Environmental Health & Safety Sub Department Name 480 Oak Rd, Stanford, CA 94305 T 650.723.0448 F 650.725.3468 DEPUTY DIRECTOR, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY Exempt, Full-Time (100% FTE) Posted May 1, 2014 The Department of Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) at Stanford University seeks

  6. Protection and Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School Board Journal, 1964

    1964-01-01

    Several aspects of school safety and protection are presented for school administrators and architects. Among those topics discussed are--(1) life safety, (2) vandalism controlled through proper design, (3) personal protective devices, and (4) fire alarm systems. Another critical factor in providing a complete school safety program is proper…

  7. School Bus Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stroup, Karen Bruner; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Equipment to allow safe transportation of disabled children is reviewed. Such equipment includes infant car seats, child safety seats, safety vests, and accommodations for children in casts and/or braces. Five principles for evaluation and selection of safe seating options are given as are safety rules and information on standards and resources.…

  8. Annual Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Liebling, Michael

    2014 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Santa Barbara Fire Marshals) requires that certain information pertaining to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current. #12; 2 9/19/14 HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY ACT INTRODUCTION Fire Safety is an essential tool

  9. Annual Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Liebling, Michael

    2013 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Santa Barbara Fire Marshals) requires that certain information pertaining to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current. #12; 2 9/19/13 HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY ACT INTRODUCTION Fire Safety is an essential tool

  10. Fire Safety Educational Material.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohn, Bert M.

    The state of the art of home fire safety educational material was reviewed to prepare a bibliography of home fire safety educational materials available from major public and private sources. Sources contacted were: National Fire Protection Association, National Safety Council, U.S. government agencies, private publishers and film distributors,…

  11. Annual Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    2010 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Irvine HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current or perspective students and employees be reported INTRODUCTION Fire Safety is an essential tool in protecting a campus community from injuries, deaths, business

  12. Fire Safety to Students

    E-print Network

    Nguyen, Danh

    Guide to Teaching Fire Safety to Students with Disabilities Prepared under DHS/FEMA's Grant Program Directorate for Assistance to Firefighters Grant Program ­ Fire Prevention and Safety Grants EMW-2009-FP-01110;Guide to Teaching Fire Safety to Students with Disabilities Michael H. Minger Foundation (www

  13. Graduate Diploma in Occupational Safety &

    E-print Network

    of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science GRADUATE Understanding your Degree: This programme: · Safety and Health Legislation · Health and Safety Management · OSH Research Literature ReviewGraduate Diploma in Occupational Safety & Health/MSc in Occupational Safety & Health UCD School

  14. _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ ________ Training Program

    E-print Network

    Knowles, David William

    _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ ________ Training Program EHS 281 ­ Laser Safety Retraining Course Syllabus Subject Category: Laser Safety Course Prerequisite: None Course Purpose: This refresher training is designed to discuss important safety issues regarding the use

  15. _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program

    E-print Network

    Eisen, Michael

    , training requirements, work planning and control, traffic safety, Building 76 emergency information11/22/2011 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety overview of the safety principles of the Division's safety processes and culture. Discussion will include

  16. Toolbox Safety Talk Formaldehyde Awareness

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Formaldehyde Awareness Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Formaldehyde is used widely at Cornell University, primarily the skin. Formaldehyde can cause watery eyes, burning sensations in the eyes and throat, nausea

  17. Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety and Security Panagiotis Scarlatos, Ph.D., Director Transportation Safety and Security #12;Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety and Security Partners #12 evacuations · Tracking systems for hazardous materials Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety

  18. Parents as Advocates for Child Pedestrian Injury Prevention: What Do They Believe about the Efficacy of Prevention Strategies and about How to Create Change?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeFrancesco, Susan; Gielen, Andrea Carlson; Bishai, David; Mahoney, Patricia; Ho, Shiu; Guyer, Bernard

    2003-01-01

    This study describes the support of parents and other community members for child pedestrian safety measures, their willingness to pay in terms of volunteer time and money for efforts to make child pedestrian safety improvements in their neighborhood, and their views on how to affect child pedestrian safety improvements in their communities. In…

  19. System safety in manned spaceflight

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hammack, J. B.

    1977-01-01

    System safety in manned spaceflight is discussed with attention to the organization of the NASA safety effort, hazard identification and resolution, safety program integration, risk management visibility, and space transportation system payload safety. Key ingredients of the safety program, including concepts such as a distinct and appropriate level of responsibility for safety, and comprehensive and appropriate safety requirements from the policy level to the system level, are summarized. Program safety interrelationships are indicated.

  20. Facilities & Real Estate Services, 3101 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 Vehicular & Pedestrian Instructions

    E-print Network

    Sharp, Kim

    & Pedestrian Instructions There are two pages to this document: Driving Information and Pedestrian Entry, the Children's Center, Environmental Safety & Technology Transfer, enter the parking lot at 3160 Chestnut;Pedestrian Entry: Pedestrian entry to Facilities & Real Estate Services at 3101 Walnut Street is accessible

  1. Science Education Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Downloadable guides published by the Council of State Science Supervisors (CSSS) that provide information on laboratory safety practices in elementary and secondary schools. Topics include legal issues, the purchase, storage, and disposal of chemicals, chemical hygiene, and response to spills or accidents. There is also information on the use of plants or animals in the lab, protective equipment, laboratory layouts, glassware and electricity precautions, field-trip safety, and other topics. The site also includes a science safety checklist, recommendations for general lab safety, and links to safety information from other websites.

  2. Environmental Health Safety & Business Services

    E-print Network

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    White, Assistant Director, Lab Safety Manager, EHS Mark Pace, Fire Marshal, Fire & Life Safety Manager, Safety Technician, EHS Derrick Neal, Safety Technician, EHS Ann Pho, Lab Safety Technician, EHS ReyEnvironmental Health Safety & Business Services Informal Centers of Excellence Environmental

  3. Safety Manual Prepared by the

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    reading room and in each lab or http://www.ehs.uconn.edu/chemplan.html The Materials Safety Data SheetsIMS Safety Manual Prepared by the IMS Safety Committee January 1991 (revised 1/2009) Institute 2 Introduction 3 IMS Laboratory Safety Reporting Policy 4 IMS Safety Committee 5 Fire Safety

  4. Toolbox Safety Talk Material Handling

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Material Handling Environmental Health & Safety Occupational Safety & Health the body, there is a dramatic increase in stress to the lower back. To place the object below the level Safety Talk Material Handling Environmental Health & Safety Occupational Safety & Health Section 395 Pine

  5. Safety First Safety AlwaysSafety Last Using abrasive wheel equipment exposes you to many

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Safety First Safety AlwaysSafety Last Using abrasive wheel equipment exposes you to many potential and strength and meet all manufacturer specifications. Abrasive Wheel Machinery and Tools Safety Tip #1

  6. Traceability of Software Safety Requirements in Legacy Safety Critical Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hill, Janice L.

    2007-01-01

    How can traceability of software safety requirements be created for legacy safety critical systems? Requirements in safety standards are imposed most times during contract negotiations. On the other hand, there are instances where safety standards are levied on legacy safety critical systems, some of which may be considered for reuse for new applications. Safety standards often specify that software development documentation include process-oriented and technical safety requirements, and also require that system and software safety analyses are performed supporting technical safety requirements implementation. So what can be done if the requisite documents for establishing and maintaining safety requirements traceability are not available?

  7. Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves at an unsafe speed · Failure to check mirrors often Fleet Safety: Backing Accidents Safety Tip #2 Accidents hurt-- safety doesn't. All backing accidents are preventable. The key is to plan ahead to avoid backing

  8. Principles of Safety Pharmacology

    PubMed Central

    Pugsley, M K; Authier, S; Curtis, M J

    2008-01-01

    Safety Pharmacology is a rapidly developing discipline that uses the basic principles of pharmacology in a regulatory-driven process to generate data to inform risk/benefit assessment. The aim of Safety Pharmacology is to characterize the pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) relationship of a drug's adverse effects using continuously evolving methodology. Unlike toxicology, Safety Pharmacology includes within its remit a regulatory requirement to predict the risk of rare lethal events. This gives Safety Pharmacology its unique character. The key issues for Safety Pharmacology are detection of an adverse effect liability, projection of the data into safety margin calculation and finally clinical safety monitoring. This article sets out to explain the drivers for Safety Pharmacology so that the wider pharmacology community is better placed to understand the discipline. It concludes with a summary of principles that may help inform future resolution of unmet needs (especially establishing model validation for accurate risk assessment). Subsequent articles in this issue of the journal address specific aspects of Safety Pharmacology to explore the issues of model choice, the burden of proof and to highlight areas of intensive activity (such as testing for drug-induced rare event liability, and the challenge of testing the safety of so-called biologics (antibodies, gene therapy and so on.). PMID:18604233

  9. Resolving conflicting safety cultures

    SciTech Connect

    Slider, J.E. (Slider Associates, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)); Patterson, M. (SCIENTECH, Rockville, MD (United States))

    1993-01-01

    Several nuclear power plant sites have been wounded in the crossfire between two distinct corporate cultures. The traditional utility culture lies on one side and that of the nuclear navy on the other. The two corporate cultures lead to different perceptions of [open quotes]safety culture.[close quotes] This clash of safety cultures obscures a very important point about nuclear plant operations: Safety depends on organizational learning. Organizational learning provides the foundation for a perception of safety culture that transcends the conflict between utility and nuclear navy cultures. Corporate culture may be defined as the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs shared by employees of a given company. Safety culture is the part of corporate culture concerning shared attitudes and beliefs affecting individual or public safety. If the safety culture promotes behaviors that lead to greater safety, employees will tend to [open quotes]do the right thing[close quotes] even when circumstances and formal guidance alone do not ensure that actions will be correct. Safety culture has become particularly important to nuclear plant owners and regulators as they have sought to establish and maintain a high level of safety in today's plants.

  10. Pedestrian Volume Modeling: A Case Study of San Francisco

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2009-01-01

    Pedestrian volume information is critical to study traffic safety as well as to plan for pedestrian friendly design. We present a model used to estimate the pedestrian volumes for street intersections in the city of San Francisco, California. Through regression analysis at multiple geographical scales, a set of socioeconomic variables and built-environment characteristics were examined. Three factors emerged as having

  11. Disparity statistics for pedestrian detection: Combining appearance, motion and stereo

    E-print Network

    , robotics, and automotive safety. This paper pushes the state-of-the-art of pedestrian detection in two waysDisparity statistics for pedestrian detection: Combining appearance, motion and stereo Stefan Walk1 and Remote Sensing Group, ETH Z¨urich 3 MPI Informatics, Saarbr¨ucken Abstract. Pedestrian detection

  12. Pedestrian Timing Alternatives and Impacts on Coordinated Signal Systems

    E-print Network

    Tian, Zong Z.

    , 3) focused on pedestrian safety associated with right- turning movements and investigated variousPedestrian Timing Alternatives and Impacts on Coordinated Signal Systems Under Split-Phasing Operations Zong Z. Tian, Tom Urbanik, Roelof Engelbrecht, and Kevin Balke pedestrian phase is not active

  13. CO-OCCURRENCE FLOW FOR PEDESTRIAN DETECTION Atsuto Maki1

    E-print Network

    Cipolla, Roberto

    CO-OCCURRENCE FLOW FOR PEDESTRIAN DETECTION Atsuto Maki1 Akihito Seki2 Tomoki Watanabe2 Roberto, pedestrian 1. INTRODUCTION Pedestrian detection is a highly active research area of com- puter vision- sion. The applications range from surveillance to image in- dexing and notably automotive safety [14, 8

  14. Lightweight Materials and Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-07-08

    In this report presented at a California Air Resources Board (CARB) workshop by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), the relationship between mass, size, safety, and materials are examined. After describing the factors influencing vehicle safety (drivers and environment, size and weight, crashworthiness, and materials), solutions to safer vehicles are presented. It is determined to improve safety, mass should be reduced through the use of lighter high-strength materials (aluminum and steel), while also improving vehicle geometry and design to absorb impact. An example of improved safety through high strength-materials and geometry is illustrated with design changes Honda has made to the Civic (05-06 models). Also compared in this report are material and safety studies by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

  15. Modification of Driver Behavior Based on Information from Pedestrian Countdown Timers

    E-print Network

    Bundy, Brandon

    2008-04-30

    Pedestrian countdown timers (CDTs) are promoted as a means of improving pedestrian safety at intersections. However, there are concerns that drivers view the CDTs when approaching the intersection and use that information to drive more aggressively...

  16. Thermal reactor safety

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    Information is presented concerning new trends in licensing; seismic considerations and system structural behavior; TMI-2 risk assessment and thermal hydraulics; statistical assessment of potential accidents and verification of computational methods; issues with respect to improved safety; human factors in nuclear power plant operation; diagnostics and activities in support of recovery; LOCA transient analysis; unresolved safety issues and other safety considerations; and fission product transport.

  17. Influence of built environment on pedestrian's crossing decision Running head: Influence of built environment on pedestrian's crossing decision

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    . The quantitative results show the pedestrians' perceptions of the pleasantness and safety of public spacesInfluence of built environment on pedestrian's crossing decision 1 Running head: Influence of built environment on pedestrian's crossing decision To cite this paper: Granié, M. A., Brenac, T., Montel, M. C

  18. SEAS Safety Program SEAS SAFETY PROGRAM 2013-2014

    E-print Network

    Support · Linn Eichler & Christie Gilliland Safety Inspection Support · Lab Safety Officers (~ 40 safety Provided to SEAS Research Labs · Annual Lab Safety Inspections · Report and Feedback from/after Lab to your lab group · Report incidents to SEAS safety committee · Attend annual lab inspection (SEAS + EHSEM

  19. Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 3: Motorcycle Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    Volume 3 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on aspects of motorcycle safety. The purpose and specific objectives of a State motorcycle safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the highway safety area and general policies…

  20. Fire and Life Safety Program Environmental Health and Safety Services

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    Fire and Life Safety Program Environmental Health and Safety Services Fire Safety Division 806 Walter James ­ CFPS, CFI September 24, 2008 1.2 Updated written program #12;FIRE & LIFE SAFETY PROGRAM 12 21 22 #12;FIRE & LIFE SAFETY PROGRAM TABLE OF CONTENTS v Pyrotechnics/Fireworks Permits

  1. Lift truck safety review

    SciTech Connect

    Cadwallader, L.C.

    1997-03-01

    This report presents safety information about powered industrial trucks. The basic lift truck, the counterbalanced sit down rider truck, is the primary focus of the report. Lift truck engineering is briefly described, then a hazard analysis is performed on the lift truck. Case histories and accident statistics are also given. Rules and regulations about lift trucks, such as the US Occupational Safety an Health Administration laws and the Underwriter`s Laboratories standards, are discussed. Safety issues with lift trucks are reviewed, and lift truck safety and reliability are discussed. Some quantitative reliability values are given.

  2. Documenting Targeted Behaviors Associated with Pedestrian Safety

    E-print Network

    Cooper, Jill F.; Schneider, Robert J.; Ryan, Sherry; Co, Sean

    2013-01-01

    held or hands-free cell phones while driving (13). Similarthe extent of cell phone use while driving, the Nationaldriving and increase awareness of the problem, California has begun high visibility enforcement of cell phone

  3. University of Pittsburgh Safety Manual

    E-print Network

    Sibille, Etienne

    University of Pittsburgh Safety Manual EH&S Guideline Number: 01-014 Subject: ELECTRICAL SAFETY Effective Date 5/6/13 Page 1 of 4 ELECTRICAL SAFETY The University of Pittsburgh is committed to safety temporary lighting, wiring or other appropriate electrical components provided that electrical safety

  4. SEAS LABORATORY SAFETY OFFICER ORIENTATION

    E-print Network

    /EH&S and lab · Communicate with lab members and PI · Get support from EH&S, ESCO and safety committees "The problems, and implement the safety program." SEAS Lab Safety Program Lab Safety Officer #12;· Attend monthly SEAS Safety Committee meetings · Assist in peer inspections and EH&S lab inspections · Inspect

  5. Environmental Health and Safety Department

    E-print Network

    ://www.usg.edu/ehs/training/chemical/ #12;CHEMICAL SAFETY Basic Lab Safety ­ Required (1.5 hrs) All persons workinEnvironmental Health and Safety Department New Hire Safety Orientation #12;EHS FUNCTION The Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Office at Georgia Tech develops programs and provides oversight

  6. National Chemistry Teacher Safety Survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbra A. Plohocki

    1998-01-01

    This study evaluated the status of secondary school instructional chemistry laboratory safety using a survey instrument which focused on Teacher background Information, Laboratory Safety Equipment, Facility Safety, General Safety, and a Safety Content Knowledge Survey. A fifty question survey instrument based on recent research and questions developed by the researcher was mailed to 500 secondary school chemistry teachers who participated

  7. Control-Chain Safety Tray and Friction Pull

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hajdik, G.; Peek, C. R.

    1984-01-01

    Tray mounted above suspended ceiling keeps sprinkler-system control chain safely out of way of pedestrian traffic below. Tray reached easily by using fireman's hook short stepladder, or chair or by jumping up to grasp chain. Safety tray used for infrequently used control chains on vents and dampers.

  8. Scope on Safety: NSTA's portal into the safety zone

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ken Roy

    2010-07-01

    NSTA's Science Safety Advisory Board recently launched the Safety in the Science Classroom portal, which contains safety resources for teachers, supervisors, and administrators. This month's column provides a partial listing of the resources middle schoo

  9. 76 FR 70953 - Pipeline Safety: Safety of Gas Transmission Pipelines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration...ID PHMSA-2011-0023] RIN 2137-AE72 Pipeline Safety: Safety of Gas Transmission Pipelines AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous...

  10. SAFETY PROCEDURE SP-24 NATIONAL HIGH MAGNETIC

    E-print Network

    Weston, Ken

    SAFETY PROCEDURE SP-24 NATIONAL HIGH MAGNETIC FIELD LABORATORY NHMFL FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY SAFETY PROCEDURE SP-24 VISITOR AND CONTRACTOR SAFETY DIRECTOR, ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH, SAFETY & SECURITY Angela Sutton

  11. Laboratory Safety Certificate Course Completion Form

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab of this document is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab

  12. pose of this p pedestrian, a

    E-print Network

    Kasman, Alex

    on communi pedestrian, a rnate transpo FINITIONS ycles. Pursu ropelled sole except childr eds. Notwit of prop ped. If an int stem that fun e drive syste perated on th ic Safety. P h bicycle reg c Safety to bicycles which remain unclaimed after storage with the Department of Public Safety and stolen bicycles

  13. Workplace Health and Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Career Development Inst., Springfield.

    This booklet is one of six texts from a workplace literacy curriculum designed to assist learners in facing the increased demands of the workplace. It is a short guide to workplace health and safety issues, laws, and regulations, especially in Massachusetts. Topics covered include the following: (1) safety issues--workplace ergonomics, the…

  14. Safety Precautions for Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folks, John; And Others

    Safety information is discussed and outlined in this guide. Areas include: (1) general laboratory safety rules; (2) general rules and guidelines for animals in the elementary classroom; (3) general guidelines for the physical sciences; (4) general rules for using animals in investigations, with specifics on the care and handling of mammals,…

  15. REACTOR SAFETY INSTRUMENTATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Schultz

    1963-01-01

    A review is presented of the development of reactor safety ; instrumentation. The reliability of multiple-channel instrumentation is ; discussed, and various checking systems for extending reliability are reviewed. ; The influence of transistorization on circuit design and the future trends in ; safety system design (particularly digitalization) are discussed. (D.L.C.);

  16. Roads to Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauer, Ezra

    1991-01-01

    Contends that the level of safety built into roads is largely unpremeditated and that roads and highways are not as safe as they might be. Discusses practices, standards, and deficiencies in highway and traffic safety related to geometric design and traffic engineering. Recommends increased transportation engineering professionalism and public…

  17. Educating for Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothe, J. Peter

    1991-01-01

    To enhance the chance for success in educating young drivers, there should be a balance between the content, structure, and goals of traffic safety programs and the normative rules governing young people's lives. Presents recommendations for safety education based on the notion of complementarity and using a multiperspective approach. (AF)

  18. Electricity: Usage and Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This 10:16 video considers use and safety regarding electricity. The video describes the fundamentals of electricity including how electricity travels from power plants to homes and businesses. This includes a basic discussion of circuits as well as safety measures typically included such as circuit breakers and grounding.         

  19. Partnerships for electrical safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Capelli-Schellpfeffer; C. Kalina; M. Toney; J. H. Mitchell; R. C. Lee

    2001-01-01

    The authors present a case study of the successful development of an educational partnership between industrial collaborators and university researchers to promote electrical safety. For industrial and academic organisations considering a similar approach, we identify a development methodology to align people and resources to implement electrical safety education. Educational partnerships offer a bridge to speed the movement of technologies and

  20. Safety Rules of Thumb

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph L. Barnett; Peter J. Poczynok; Dolores Gildin; S. Carl Uzgiris; Dennis B. Brickman; Kenneth L. d'Entremont; Michael A. Dilich; Christopher W. Ferrone; Suzanne A. Glowiak; John M. Goebelbecker; Crispin Hales; Gary M. Hutter; Brian D. King; Dror Kopernik; Woodrow Nelson; R. Kevin; Harry R. Smith; William G. Switalski; Andrew H. Tudor; James R. Wingfield; Lucinda Fuller; Betty Bellows; Marna Forbes; Maureen Gilligan; Jan A. KIng; Norene Kramer; Florence Lasky; Neil Miller; Jackie Schwartz; Peter Warner; Steven Witt; John P. Bederka; Jr. Richard Gullickson; Diane K. Moshman; James T. O'Donnell; William D. Sheridan; Audrone M. Stake; Shelley Hamilton; Jeffrey W. Abendshien; Theodore Liber

    Unlike all other engineering disciplines, safety engineering is consensus driven, not research driven. It is almost devoid of physical laws to guide its practitioners. Instead, rules of thumb dominate the behavior of manufacturers, designers, maintenance workers, operators, legislators and code writers. Because rules of thumb presently represent the foundation of safety engineering, it is important to develop a perspective on

  1. AEROSPACE SAFETY ADVISORY PANEL

    E-print Network

    Waliser, Duane E.

    AEROSPACE SAFETY ADVISORY PANEL ANNUAL REPORT FOR 20! 3 #12;. #12;NASA AEROSPACE SAFETY ADVISORY) is pleased to submit the ASAP Annual Report for 2013 to the U.S. Congress and to the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This report is based on the Panel's 2013 fact

  2. Nuclear Reactor Safety; (USA)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. L. Cason; S. C. Hicks

    1991-01-01

    This publication announces on an monthly basis the current worldwide information available on all safety-related aspects of reactors, including: accident analysis, safety systems, radiation protection, decommissioning and dismantling, and security measures. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database (EDB) during the past month.

  3. CHEMICAL SAFETY Emergency Numbers

    E-print Network

    Bolch, Tobias

    ://www.tc.gc.ca/ · Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ · The Nuclear Safety and Control Risk and Safety Manager 5535 Security 7058 #12;- 3 - FOREWORD This reference manual outlines the safe and reiterates information provided in the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS

  4. Serving Up Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Patricia L.

    2002-01-01

    Describes what principals can do to protect children from food-related illness in school: Forming of food-safe school teams, developing food-safety procedures, including food safety in crises-management plans, educating staff on plans and procedures, encouraging hand washing, making sure the cafeteria works properly, and encouraging the hiring of…

  5. SECURITY AND FIRE SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    ANNUAL SECURITY AND FIRE SAFETY REPORT 2014 #12;2 Boise State University 2014 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report From the Vice President for Campus Operations and General Counsel At Boise State University, we are committed to providing a safe and secure environment for students, staff

  6. School Safety and Security.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    This document offers additional guidelines for school facilities in California in the areas of safety and security, lighting, and cleanliness. It also offers a description of technology resources available on the World Wide Web. On the topic of safety and security, the document offers guidelines in the areas of entrances, doors, and controlled…

  7. Teaching About Fire Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Holly; Arnold, Anne Jurmu

    1982-01-01

    This unit on fire safety teaches students how to act in or during a fire and presents fire prevention measures that students can implement at home. Two reproducible masters concerning fire safety and prevention are presented along with class activities, student reading resources, and organizations and companies that offer classroom materials about…

  8. Manned flights and safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Deschanels; P. Lavedrine

    1982-01-01

    The difference between reliability, fail safe, and safety is pointed out and a methodology for system safety studies for manned space flights is presented. The method defines undesirable events, traces their sources, and identifies links and barriers between events and sources, for each mission phase.

  9. Child Transportation Safety Tips.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This document presents nine tips regarding safe infant and child transportation, each tip explained in one to two pages. The tips are as follows: (1) quick safety seat checkup; (2) where should your child ride? (3) how to protect your new baby in the car; (4) what safety seat to use for a big baby or toddler? (5) how should preschool and school…

  10. Implementing Hearing Safety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cliffe, Roger

    1978-01-01

    Hearing damage from noise exposure and approaches to implementing hearing safety in school industrial laboratories through noise reduction and protective equipment are discussed. Although all states have not adopted the Occupational Safety and Health Act, teachers should be aware of noise hazards and act to protect hearing. (MF)

  11. Safety of isotropic flywheels

    SciTech Connect

    Schwartz, M.W.

    1981-04-30

    A probabilistic safety criterion for isotropic flywheel rotors is established based on the tolerated noncontainment failure rates of commercial aircraft turbojet engine rotors. A technique is developed combining reliability with fracture mechanics, and a sample calculation provided, to show the energy-storage levels that isotropic flywheel rotors could achieve within the constraints of this safety criterion.

  12. Radiological Safety Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Army Ordnance Center and School, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

    Written to be used concurrently with the U.S. Army's Radiological Safety Course, this publication discusses the causes, sources, and detection of nuclear radiation. In addition, the transportation and disposal of radioactive materials are covered. The report also deals with the safety precautions to be observed when working with lasers, microwave…

  13. The color of safety

    SciTech Connect

    Carter, R.A.

    2006-06-15

    The industry's workforce is getting grayer as veteran miners approach retirement, and greener as new hires come onboard. Will the changing complexion of the industry affect future safety technology? The article discusses problems of noise, vibration, and communication faced by coal miners and reports some developments by manufacturers of mining equipment to improve health and safety. 1 fig., 4 photos.

  14. Pedestrian and motorists' actions at pedestrian hybrid beacon sites: findings from a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Pulugurtha, Srinivas S; Self, Debbie R

    2015-06-01

    This paper focuses on an analysis of pedestrian and motorists' actions at sites with pedestrian hybrid beacons and assesses their effectiveness in improving the safety of pedestrians. Descriptive and statistical analyses (one-tail two-sample T-test and two-proportion Z-test) were conducted using field data collected during morning and evening peak hours at three study sites in the city of Charlotte, NC, before and after the installation of pedestrian hybrid beacons. Further, an analysis was conducted to assess the change in pedestrian and motorists' actions over time (before the installation; 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after the installation). Results showed an increase in average traffic speed at one of the pedestrian hybrid beacon sites while no specific trends were observed at the other two pedestrian hybrid beacon sites. A decrease in the number of motorists not yielding to pedestrians, pedestrians trapped in the middle of the street, and pedestrian-vehicle conflicts were observed at all the three pedestrian hybrid beacon sites. The installation of pedestrian hybrid beacons did not have a negative effect on pedestrian actions at two out of the three sites. Improvements seem to be relatively more consistent 3 months after the installation of the pedestrian hybrid beacon. PMID:24304184

  15. A Non-Motorised User's Perspective on Safety Issues and World Best Non-Motorised Safety Practice in the Netherlands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Parker

    An outline is p rovided of the key safety issues of common concern to the Pedestrian Association of Australia and the Bicycle Federation of Australia and how world best planning non-motorised planning practice in the Netherlands is relevant to Australia. In 1995 46% of al l trips in the Netherlands were made by either walking or riding bicycles, the highest

  16. Patient Safety Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Network (PSNet) website contains recent news and resources to provide those studying to be in the medical profession and for those currently in the medical field. Resources include an extensive glossary as well as a vast supply of articles from various periodicals. The site also contains numerous �Did You Know?� articles that include visual aids and citations. Articles can be sorted or browsed by target audience, resource type, clinical area, error type, safety target, approach to improving safety, and setting of care. Users have the ability to sign up for the weekly AHRQ Patient Safety Network and monthly AHRQ Web Morbidity and Mortality (WEBM&M) newsletters. Users may also sign up for a free account on the AHRQ Patient Safety Network website to receive e-mail alerts that match the users' interests.

  17. Formalizing Probabilistic Safety Claims

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Herencia-Zapana, Heber; Hagen, George E.; Narkawicz, Anthony J.

    2011-01-01

    A safety claim for a system is a statement that the system, which is subject to hazardous conditions, satisfies a given set of properties. Following work by John Rushby and Bev Littlewood, this paper presents a mathematical framework that can be used to state and formally prove probabilistic safety claims. It also enables hazardous conditions, their uncertainties, and their interactions to be integrated into the safety claim. This framework provides a formal description of the probabilistic composition of an arbitrary number of hazardous conditions and their effects on system behavior. An example is given of a probabilistic safety claim for a conflict detection algorithm for aircraft in a 2D airspace. The motivation for developing this mathematical framework is that it can be used in an automated theorem prover to formally verify safety claims.

  18. Safety First Safety Last Safety Always In every building or structure, arrange and maintain exits to

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Safety First Safety Last Safety Always In every building or structure, arrange and maintain exits it is not immediately visible to the occupants. Means of Egress Safety Tip #15 Ignoring a warning can cause much of this safety tip sheet. Please refrain from reading the information verbatim--paraphrase it instead

  19. Safety and Excellence. Safety in the Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrow, John

    2004-01-01

    As far as schools are concerned, there are three kinds of safety: physical, emotional, and intellectual. Excellence demands all three, while "good enough" schools are simply physically safe. How can parents and others determine whether a school is physically safe? It's always good to find out how many students were suspended at a particular…

  20. Toolbox Safety Talk Safety Precautions for

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    with work on the hood and its exhaust system is the possibility of the accumulation of corrosive powders gloves and safety glasses. When repair work involves coming into contact with powders or solids residues. If potential contamination is identified, contact EHS for assistance. If heated perchloric acid

  1. System Thinking and Food Safety

    E-print Network

    System Thinking and Food Safety John Helferich SDM Systems Thinking · The System and its Boundaries · Food Safety Control ­Current - Linear ­Proposed ­ Complex System · The Research QuesKons 10/21/11 2 #12;What is "Food Safety

  2. _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program

    E-print Network

    Lee, Jason R.

    : Electrical Safety Course Prerequisite: None Course Length: 15 minutes Medical Approval: None Delivery Mode Subject Matter Expert: LBNL Electrical Safety Team Training Compliance Requirements: LBNL Electrical11/22/2011 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety

  3. _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program

    E-print Network

    : Electrical Safety Course Prerequisite: EHS0370 if they are new to the lab Course Length: 3 hour Medical and briefed. · Perform an absent person LOTO Lock removal. Subject Matter Expert: EHS Electrical Safety1/9/2014 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety

  4. _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program

    E-print Network

    : Electrical Safety Course Prerequisite: None Course Length: 10 minutes Medical Approval: None Delivery Mode the responsibilities of line management in regards to LOTO Subject Matter Expert: EHS Electrical Safety Program1/15/2014 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety

  5. Aerial Work Platform Safety Program

    E-print Network

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Aerial Work Platform Safety Program Updated: July 22, 2013 #12;Aerial Work Platform Safety Program..................................................................................................................................7 Electrical Hazards ..........................................................................................................11 #12;Aerial Work Platform Safety Program 1 The official version of this information will only

  6. _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program

    E-print Network

    working at the lab must comply with the requirements of Pub 3000, Chapter 8, Electrical Safety_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program EHS 246 ~ Electrical Safety for Guests and Visitors Course Syllabus Subject Category: Electrical

  7. Health & Safety Plan Last Updated

    E-print Network

    Anderson, Richard

    Health & Safety Plan Last Updated March 2008 1 #12;A. SCOPE AND RESPONSIBILITY....................................................................................................................................... 3 2. Safety and Health Policy................................................................................................................ 3 B. STEPS TO ASSURE EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND SAFETY............................................ 4 1

  8. The University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created in 1965 by the North Carolina General Assembly, the Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC) is dedicated to improving "the safety, security, access and efficiency of all surface transportation modes through a balanced, interdisciplinary program of research, evaluation and information dissemination." Part of that information dissemination happens via this website, where visitors can find safety information, research reports, and their newsletter. New visitors should look at their "Safety Information" first. Here they will find helpful tips on bicycle safety, pedestrian safety, animal-vehicle crash information, and distracted and drowsy drivers. Moving on, the "Research Library" area contains selected full-text publications based on HSRC staff research, along with an exhaustive bibliography of previous papers from 1967 to 1990. Finally, visitors can also peruse their newsletter, which is published quarterly.

  9. Traffic signal design and simulation for vulnerable road users safety and bus preemption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lo, Shih-Ching; Huang, Hsieh-Chu

    2015-01-01

    Mostly, pedestrian car accidents occurred at a signalized interaction is because pedestrians cannot across the intersection safely within the green light. From the viewpoint of pedestrian, there might have two reasons. The first one is pedestrians cannot speed up to across the intersection, such as the elders. The other reason is pedestrians do not sense that the signal phase is going to change and their right-of-way is going to be lost. Developing signal logic to protect pedestrian, who is crossing an intersection is the first purpose of this study. In addition, to improve the reliability and reduce delay of public transportation service is the second purpose. Therefore, bus preemption is also considered in the designed signal logic. In this study, the traffic data of the intersection of Chong-Qing North Road and Min-Zu West Road, Taipei, Taiwan, is employed to calibrate and validate the signal logic by simulation. VISSIM 5.20, which is a microscopic traffic simulation software, is employed to simulate the signal logic. From the simulated results, the signal logic presented in this study can protect pedestrians crossing the intersection successfully. The design of bus preemption can reduce the average delay. However, the pedestrian safety and bus preemption signal will influence the average delay of cars largely. Thus, whether applying the pedestrian safety and bus preemption signal logic to an intersection or not should be evaluated carefully.

  10. Environmental, safety, and health engineering

    SciTech Connect

    Woodside, G.; Kocurek, D.

    1997-12-31

    A complete guide to environmental, safety, and health engineering, including an overview of EPA and OSHA regulations; principles of environmental engineering, including pollution prevention, waste and wastewater treatment and disposal, environmental statistics, air emissions and abatement engineering, and hazardous waste storage and containment; principles of safety engineering, including safety management, equipment safety, fire and life safety, process and system safety, confined space safety, and construction safety; and principles of industrial hygiene/occupational health engineering including chemical hazard assessment, personal protective equipment, industrial ventilation, ionizing and nonionizing radiation, noise, and ergonomics.

  11. NASA's Software Safety Standard

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramsay, Christopher M.

    2005-01-01

    NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft (manned or unmanned) launched that did not have a computer on board that provided vital command and control services. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Led by the NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard (STD-18l9.13B) has recently undergone a significant update in an attempt to provide that consistency. This paper will discuss the key features of the new NASA Software Safety Standard. It will start with a brief history of the use and development of software in safety critical applications at NASA. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Working Group and the approach it took to revise the software engineering process across the Agency.

  12. Patient Safety in Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Makary, Martin A.; Sexton, J Bryan; Freischlag, Julie A.; Millman, E Anne; Pryor, David; Holzmueller, Christine; Pronovost, Peter J.

    2006-01-01

    Background: Improving patient safety is an increasing priority for surgeons and hospitals since sentinel events can be catastrophic for patients, caregivers, and institutions. Patient safety initiatives aimed at creating a safe operating room (OR) culture are increasingly being adopted, but a reliable means of measuring their impact on front-line providers does not exist. Methods: We developed a surgery-specific safety questionnaire (SAQ) and administered it to 2769 eligible caregivers at 60 hospitals. Survey questions included the appropriateness of handling medical errors, knowledge of reporting systems, and perceptions of safety in the operating room. MANOVA and ANOVA were performed to compare safety results by hospital and by an individual's position in the OR using a composite score. Multilevel confirmatory factor analysis was performed to validate the structure of the scale at the operating room level of analysis. Results: The overall response rate was 77.1% (2135 of 2769), with a range of 57% to 100%. Factor analysis of the survey items demonstrated high face validity and internal consistency (? = 0.76). The safety climate scale was robust and internally consistent overall and across positions. Scores varied widely by hospital [MANOVA omnibus F (59, 1910) = 3.85, P < 0.001], but not position [ANOVA F (4, 1910) = 1.64, P = 0.16], surgeon (mean = 73.91), technician (mean = 70.26), anesthesiologist (mean = 71.57), CRNA (mean = 71.03), and nurse (mean = 70.40). The percent of respondents reporting good safety climate in each hospital ranged from 16.3% to 100%. Conclusions: Safety climate in surgical departments can be validly measured and varies widely among hospitals, providing the opportunity to benchmark performance. Scores on the SAQ can serve to evaluate interventions to improve patient safety. PMID:16632997

  13. Making Sense of Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Regina Barrier

    2005-09-01

    A teacher's most effective strategy for creating a safe lab environment is to train students to follow recommended safety procedures. Students who understand the reasons for the safety rules and the dangers of breaking the rules can assume responsibility for their actions and realize that one careless action can endanger the entire class. Cooperative learning activities allow students time to reflect on the implications of lab safety rules, and engage in inquiry-based science using a variety of mediums and instructional formats as described in this article.

  14. Culture of safety.

    PubMed

    Hershey, Kristen

    2015-03-01

    In this article, the principles behind high-reliability organizations and a culture of safety are explored. Three areas in which health care has the greatest potential for improvement in safety culture are also discussed: a nonpunitive response to error; handoffs and transitions; and safe staffing. Tools for frontline nurses to help improve their organization's culture of safety in these areas are reviewed. Information is also given for nurses responding to error, including participating in root-cause analysis and supporting health care workers involved in adverse events. PMID:25680493

  15. Hierarchical Safety Cases

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Denney, Ewen W.; Whiteside, Iain J.

    2012-01-01

    We introduce hierarchical safety cases (or hicases) as a technique to overcome some of the difficulties that arise creating and maintaining industrial-size safety cases. Our approach extends the existing Goal Structuring Notation with abstraction structures, which allow the safety case to be viewed at different levels of detail. We motivate hicases and give a mathematical account of them as well as an intuition, relating them to other related concepts. We give a second definition which corresponds closely to our implementation of hicases in the AdvoCATE Assurance Case Editor and prove the correspondence between the two. Finally, we suggest areas of future enhancement, both theoretically and practically.

  16. Aerostructural safety factor criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Verderaime, V.

    1992-01-01

    The present modification of the conventional safety factor method for aircraft structures evaluation involves the expression of deterministic safety factors in probabilistic tolerance limit ratios; these are found to involve a total of three factors that control the interference of applied and resistive stress distributions. The deterministic expression is extended so that it may furnish a 'relative ultimate safety' index that encompasses all three distribution factors. Operational reliability is developed on the basis of the applied and the yield stress distribution interferences. Industry standards are suggested to be derivable from factor selections that are based on the consequences of failure.

  17. Carlsbad Area Office vehicle safety program

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The Carlsbad Area Office (CAO) Vehicle Safety Program (VSP) establishes the minimum requirements for CAO personnel to safely operate government vehicles and provides direction to effectively reduce the number of vehicle accidents, reduce the severity of vehicle accidents, and minimize vehicular property damage. This Program covers the operations of Government Services Administration (GSA) vehicles, rental or leased vehicles, and special purpose vehicles used at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in the performance of work. Additionally, this Program encourages CAO employees to use safe driving habits while operating their privately owned vehicles, motorcycles, or bicycles, or, as pedestrians, to be aware of the hazards associated with traffic in and around CAO facilities. Vehicle safety is a shared responsibility in this organization. At anytime a CAO employee witnesses an unsafe act relating to the operation of a motor vehicle, it is their responsibility to notify their Team Leader (TL) or Assistant Manager (AM), or contact the CAO Safety and Occupational Health Manager (SOHM). Employees are encouraged to participate in the Carlsbad Area Office Federal Employees Safety Committee (FESC) activities and goals in order to address vehicle safety concerns. The FESC is designed to be a forum for all federal employees to improve the health and safety of the organization. The VSP is an effective method of ensuring the health and safety of CAO employees during the operation of government vehicles. The human resources of the CAO are the most valuable assets of this organization and any lost manhours are difficult to replace. Safe driving habits and defensive driving methods should always be practiced to preserve the health and safety of all employees.

  18. The Washington State Task Force on Student Transportation Safety. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Legislature, Olympia.

    Findings of a study conducted by the Washington State Task Force on Student Transportation Safety are presented in this report. The data-collection process involved four phases: meetings with experts in student transportation and pedestrian safety; public meetings, informational work sessions, and tours of problems areas; task force meetings; and…

  19. Alcohol and Alcohol Safety: A Curriculum Manual for Senior High Level. Volume I of II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Peter; Platt, Judith

    This manual is the third in a series of Alcohol and Alcohol Safety Curriculum Manuals for use by teachers and curriculum developers. Geared to the senior high school level, the objective of the manual is the promoting of responsible decisions about alcohol use. Emphasis is placed on driver and pedestrian safety in consonance with the concern and…

  20. Thirty Year Review of Safety Skill Instruction for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mechling, Linda C.

    2008-01-01

    This review synthesizes the empirical literature (1976-2006) focusing on teaching personal safety skills to persons with intellectual disabilities. Thirty-six investigations were identified which provided information on six areas of instruction: (a) pedestrian/street crossing safety; (b) home accident prevention; (c) application of first aid…

  1. Parents' Self-Reported Behaviors Related to Health and Safety of Very Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendricks, Charlotte M.; Reichert, Ann

    1996-01-01

    Reports a survey that documented the health and safety behaviors of parents of children in Head Start programs. Nearly all parents reported using car seats, teaching handwashing and pedestrian safety, and locking away medicine and alcohol. Sixty percent reported storing guns and bullets safely, possessing working fire extinguishers, and having…

  2. Expansion of Vocational-Technical School Programs to Accommodate Highway Safety Manpower Requirements. Volume IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daugherty, Ronald D.; And Others

    This final volume of a four-volume study considers the need for personnel for traffic control, police traffic services, pedestrian safety, school bus safety, and debris hazard control and cleanup. Training requirements to meet national objectives are discussed, in terms of curriculum, staffing, student recruitment, facilities, equipment and…

  3. Alcohol and Alcohol Safety: A Curriculum Manual for Elementary Level. Volume I of II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Peter; Platt, Judith

    This manual is the first in a series of Alcohol and Alcohol Safety Curriculum Manuals for use by teachers and curriculum developers. Geared to the elementary grade level, the objective of the manual is to promote responsible present and future decisions about alcohol. Emphasis has been placed on driver and pedestrian safety in recognition of the…

  4. Pedestrian Detection: A Benchmark Piotr Dollar1

    E-print Network

    Perona, Pietro

    Pedestrian Detection: A Benchmark Piotr Doll´ar1 Christian Wojek2 Bernt Schiele2 Pietro Perona1 1 Darmstadt {pdollar,perona}@caltech.edu {wojek,schiele}@cs.tu-darmstadt.de Abstract Pedestrian detection and automotive safety. Much of the progress of the past few years has been driven by the availability of challeng

  5. UCD FIRENET: Electrical Safety Page 1 of 3 Electrical Safety

    E-print Network

    Kolner, Brian H.

    UCD FIRENET: Electrical Safety Page 1 of 3 5/10 Electrical Safety May 2010 Introduction Improper that is not intended for power cables. FIRENETS #12;UCD FIRENET: Electrical Safety Page 2 of 3 5/10 Power Taps use of extension cords and surge protectors can present a serious fire safety hazard in the workplace

  6. Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Food Safety and Technology Food Safety and Technology Institute for Food Safety and Health IIT Program Manager: Renee McBrien The Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH), with IIT faculty, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) scientists, and food industry experts, provides a unique training

  7. Safety Teams: An Approach to Engage Students in Laboratory Safety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaimo, Peter J.; Langenhan, Joseph M.; Tanner, Martha J.; Ferrenberg, Scott M.

    2010-01-01

    We developed and implemented a yearlong safety program into our organic chemistry lab courses that aims to enhance student attitudes toward safety and to ensure students learn to recognize, demonstrate, and assess safe laboratory practices. This active, collaborative program involves the use of student "safety teams" and includes hands-on safety

  8. Laboratory Health and Safety Procedure -1 -Bishop's University Safety Policy

    E-print Network

    Laboratory Health and Safety Procedure - 1 - Bishop's University Safety Policy 1.03 Laboratory Health and Safety Procedure Approved Date: September 13, 2010 Revised: September 13, 2010 Prepared by: Health and Safety Committee 1. Preamble Bishop's University has a vital interest in preventing accidents

  9. Studio Health and Safety Procedure -1 -Bishop's University Safety Policy

    E-print Network

    Studio Health and Safety Procedure - 1 - Bishop's University Safety Policy 1.04 Molson Fine Arts Health and Safety Procedure Approved Date : November 18th , 2013 Revised : November 18th , 2013 Prepared by : JHSC & Health & Safety Coordinator 1. Preamble Bishop's University has a vital interest in preventing

  10. ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 42: Subcontractor Safety

    E-print Network

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 42: Subcontractor Safety Non-green Work Purpose The purpose of this procedure is to ensure that SLAC's environment, safety, and health (ESH coordinators and Environment, Safety, Health, and Quality (ESHQ) Division representatives, and subcontractor

  11. SAFETY MATTERS Annual Campus Security & Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Robert M.

    & Life Safety Education 48 Fire Evacuation Drills 48 Fire Log 49 High Rise Fire Alarm System Operations 52 Residence Hall Systems 52 Residence Hall Systems (listed by campus) 53 Residence Hall Fire SafetySAFETY MATTERS Annual Campus Security & Fire Safety Report 2012 - 2013 TO IMPROVE YOUR UNIVERSITY

  12. Environmental Health & Radiation Safety rev. 2/11 LABORATORY SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Occupational Medicine 503-726-1021 Providence St. Vincent Med. Ctr. 503-216-7000 Infectious Disease ConsultantsEnvironmental Health & Radiation Safety rev. 2/11 LABORATORY SAFETY MANUAL #12;Oregon Health Services 503-494-4444 OHSU Public Safety 503-494-7744 ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & RADIATION SAFETY OHSU Paging

  13. ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY & HEALTH DIVISION Chapter 12: Fire and Life Safety

    E-print Network

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY & HEALTH DIVISION Chapter 12: Fire and Life Safety Fire Protection Equipment and experiments will be reviewed for fire safety following the ESH Project Review Procedure. The SLAC fire marshal and Life Safety: Fire Protection System Impairment Procedures. 30 September 2010 SLAC-I-730-0A12S-004-R000

  14. Laser Safety Management Policy Statement ............................................................................................................1

    E-print Network

    Davidson, Fordyce A.

    Laser Safety Management Policy Statement...........................................................2 Laser Users.............................................................................................................2 Unit Laser Safety Officer (ULSO

  15. Parent's Firearm Safety Checklist

    MedlinePLUS

    Parent’s Firearm Safety Checklist IN YOUR HOME ? Before you buy a gun, consider less dangerous ways to keep your family ... window locks, dogs, etc. ? Don't buy a gun unless you have the necessary knowledge to use ...

  16. Farm Safety (For Teens)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... that farms have to offer. Safety Around Farm Equipment and Machinery There are a number of appealing ... to ride along. Continue Tips for Safely Operating Equipment Here are some other tips for operating farm ...

  17. Safety at the Summit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huddleston, Elizabeth

    2001-01-01

    Explores how risk-management strategies can make the difference in climbing wall safety. Wall design, adhering to wall construction standards, limiting wall access, and climber evaluation are discussed. (GR)

  18. Car Seat Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... certified child passenger safety technician.) Guidelines for Choosing Car Seats Choose a seat with a label that ... about 16 kilograms), depending on the model. Infant car seats should always be installed to face the ...

  19. CRITICALITY SAFETY POSTING GUIDELINES

    SciTech Connect

    JENSEN, M.A.

    2001-11-01

    This document provides a set of guidelines in the preparation of criticality safety postings. Guidance is provided in word choice, word arrangement, common human factors considerations. and use of color to highlight limits, cautions, and permissives.

  20. CHEMICAL SAFETY ALERTS-

    EPA Science Inventory

    Chemical Safety Alerts are short publications which explain specific hazards that have become evident through chemical accident investigation efforts. EPA has produced over a dozen Alerts to date. This year's Alert: Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards...

  1. Cooking Fire Safety

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... summer! Outreach materials from the U.S. Fire Administration Statistics to share Based on 2006-2010 annual averages: ... Help prevent a turkey fryer fire! Below are statistics and safety tips to share with community members ...

  2. Archetypes for Organisational Safety

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marais, Karen; Leveson, Nancy G.

    2003-01-01

    We propose a framework using system dynamics to model the dynamic behavior of organizations in accident analysis. Most current accident analysis techniques are event-based and do not adequately capture the dynamic complexity and non-linear interactions that characterize accidents in complex systems. In this paper we propose a set of system safety archetypes that model common safety culture flaws in organizations, i.e., the dynamic behaviour of organizations that often leads to accidents. As accident analysis and investigation tools, the archetypes can be used to develop dynamic models that describe the systemic and organizational factors contributing to the accident. The archetypes help clarify why safety-related decisions do not always result in the desired behavior, and how independent decisions in different parts of the organization can combine to impact safety.

  3. Winter Weather: Indoor Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Health Matters What's New Preparation & Planning Disasters & Severe Weather Earthquakes Extreme Heat Floods Hurricanes Landslides Tornadoes Tsunamis ... Outdoor Safety Winter PSAs and Podcasts Disasters & Severe Weather Earthquakes Extreme Heat Floods Hurricanes Landslides Tornadoes Tsunamis ...

  4. NASA's Software Safety Standard

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramsay, Christopher M.

    2007-01-01

    NASA relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft launched that does not have a computer on board that will provide command and control services. There have been recent incidents where software has played a role in high-profile mission failures and hazardous incidents. For example, the Mars Orbiter, Mars Polar Lander, the DART (Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology), and MER (Mars Exploration Rover) Spirit anomalies were all caused or contributed to by software. The Mission Control Centers for the Shuttle, ISS, and unmanned programs are highly dependant on software for data displays, analysis, and mission planning. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been little to no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Meanwhile, academia and private industry have been stepping forward with procedures and standards for safety critical systems and software, for example Dr. Nancy Leveson's book Safeware: System Safety and Computers. The NASA Software Safety Standard, originally published in 1997, was widely ignored due to its complexity and poor organization. It also focused on concepts rather than definite procedural requirements organized around a software project lifecycle. Led by NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard has recently undergone a significant update. This new standard provides the procedures and guidelines for evaluating a project for safety criticality and then lays out the minimum project lifecycle requirements to assure the software is created, operated, and maintained in the safest possible manner. This update of the standard clearly delineates the minimum set of software safety requirements for a project without detailing the implementation for those requirements. This allows the projects leeway to meet these requirements in many forms that best suit a particular project's needs and safety risk. In other words, it tells the project what to do, not how to do it. This update also incorporated advances in the state of the practice of software safety from academia and private industry. It addresses some of the more common issues now facing software developers in the NASA environment such as the use of Commercial-Off-the-Shelf Software (COTS), Modified OTS (MOTS), Government OTS (GOTS), and reused software. A team from across NASA developed the update and it has had both NASA-wide internal reviews by software engineering, quality, safety, and project management. It has also had expert external review. This presentation and paper will discuss the new NASA Software Safety Standard, its organization, and key features. It will start with a brief discussion of some NASA mission failures and incidents that had software as one of their root causes. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Safety Process. This will include an overview of the key personnel responsibilities and functions that must be performed for safety-critical software.

  5. Home Safety: Radon Gas

    E-print Network

    Shaw, Bryan W.; Denny, Monica L.

    1999-11-12

    leading cause of lung cancer in the United States, according to American Lung Association estimates. L-5337 11-99 Radon Gas Bryan W. Shaw and Monica L. Denny* TEXAS Home Safety *Assistant Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineering Specialist...

  6. Burns and Fire Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    1 Burns and Fire Safety Fact Sheet (2015) Fatalities • 334 children ages 19 and under died from fires or ... from 2012 to 2013. 1 1999-2013 Fire/Burn Fatalities and Death Rate Among Children Ages 19 ...

  7. National Patient Safety Foundation

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Membership ASPPS Welcome ASPPS Members ASPPS e-News Archive ASPPS Member News BMJ for ASPPS Members Current Awareness Alert Joint Commission Journal Focus Archive Stand Up for Patient Safety Welcome Stand Up ...

  8. Jurassic Park Safety Audit

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Using the first 30 minutes of the film Jurassic Park, the student will audit it for violations of safety rules and regulations, OSHA violations, and violations of HASP's. Access to the activity required free and quick registration with ATEEC.

  9. Carbon Monoxide Safety Tips 

    E-print Network

    Shaw, Bryan W.; Garcia, Monica L.

    1999-07-26

    Protect yourself and your family from the deadly effects of carbon monoxide--a colorless, odorless poisonous gas. This publication describes the warning signs of carbon monoxide exposure and includes a home safety checklist....

  10. Winter Weather: Outdoor Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... About CDC.gov . Natural Disasters and Severe Weather Earthquakes Being Prepared Emergency Supplies Home Hazards Indoor Safety ... What's New A - Z Index Disasters & Severe Weather Earthquakes Extreme Heat Floods Hurricanes Landslides Tornadoes Tsunamis Volcanoes ...

  11. Medical Oxygen Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    NFPA Public Education Division • 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169 Your Source for SAFETY Information www.nfpa.org/education FACTS • Oxygen saturates fabric covered furniture, clothing, hair and bedding, making it easier for a fire ...

  12. Carbon Monoxide Safety Tips

    E-print Network

    Shaw, Bryan W.; Garcia, Monica L.

    1999-07-26

    Protect yourself and your family from the deadly effects of carbon monoxide--a colorless, odorless poisonous gas. This publication describes the warning signs of carbon monoxide exposure and includes a home safety checklist....

  13. Laser Safety Introduction

    E-print Network

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Laser Safety #12;Introduction · A Laser is a device that controls the way energized atoms release photons. · LASER is an acronym for "Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation" · The light emitted by a laser is non

  14. Software Safety Risk in Legacy Safety-Critical Computer Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hill, Janice L.; Baggs, Rhoda

    2007-01-01

    Safety Standards contain technical and process-oriented safety requirements. Technical requirements are those such as "must work" and "must not work" functions in the system. Process-Oriented requirements are software engineering and safety management process requirements. Address the system perspective and some cover just software in the system > NASA-STD-8719.13B Software Safety Standard is the current standard of interest. NASA programs/projects will have their own set of safety requirements derived from the standard. Safety Cases: a) Documented demonstration that a system complies with the specified safety requirements. b) Evidence is gathered on the integrity of the system and put forward as an argued case. [Gardener (ed.)] c) Problems occur when trying to meet safety standards, and thus make retrospective safety cases, in legacy safety-critical computer systems.

  15. Bear Spray Safety Program

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Blome, C.D.; Kuzniar, R.L.

    2009-01-01

    A bear spray safety program for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) was officially initiated by the Firearms Safety Committee to address accident prevention and to promote personnel training in bear spray and its transportation, storage, and use for defense against wild animals. Used as part of a system including firearms, or used alone for those who choose not to carry a firearm, bear spray is recognized as an effective tool that can prevent injury in a wild animal attack.

  16. Autonomous Flight Safety System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Simpson, James

    2010-01-01

    The Autonomous Flight Safety System (AFSS) is an independent self-contained subsystem mounted onboard a launch vehicle. AFSS has been developed by and is owned by the US Government. Autonomously makes flight termination/destruct decisions using configurable software-based rules implemented on redundant flight processors using data from redundant GPS/IMU navigation sensors. AFSS implements rules determined by the appropriate Range Safety officials.

  17. Safety in Manufacturing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Safety in Manufacturing provides participants with an understanding of the critical nature of safety in manufacturing and of the individual's role in providing for a safe manufacturing environment. After completing this module, students should be able to evaluate the degree of hazard in a given scenario and recommend appropriate corrective action. Note: This module is part of a modularized manufacturing technology curriculum created by the PSCME, found at www.pscme.org/educators.html.

  18. Fires and Food Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Fires and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  19. Freezing and Food Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Freezing and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  20. Doneness Versus Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Doneness Versus Safety / Doneness Versus Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  1. Refrigeration and Food Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Refrigeration and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  2. Leftovers and Food Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Leftovers and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  3. Cooperative Vehicular Safety Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Caveney

    2010-01-01

    The past decade witnessed active safety systems such as vehicle stability control (VSC) rapidly change the automotive electronic landscape by complementing passive safety systems such as seat belts and air bags. Most automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) offer laser-based or radar-based adaptive cruise control (ACC) or precrash systems (PCSs). ACC employs forward-looking sensors for longitudinal control of the vehicle through

  4. Ferrocyanide Safety Program: Safety criteria for ferrocyanide watch list tanks

    SciTech Connect

    Postma, A.K.; Meacham, J.E.; Barney, G.S. [and others] [and others

    1994-01-01

    This report provides a technical basis for closing the ferrocyanide Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) at the Hanford Site. Three work efforts were performed in developing this technical basis. The efforts described herein are: 1. The formulation of criteria for ranking the relative safety of waste in each ferrocyanide tank. 2. The current classification of tanks into safety categories by comparing available information on tank contents with the safety criteria; 3. The identification of additional information required to resolve the ferrocyanide safety issue.

  5. Safety system status monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, J.R.; Morgenstern, M.H.; Rideout, T.H.; Cowley, P.J.

    1984-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has studied the safety aspects of monitoring the preoperational status of safety systems in nuclear power plants. The goals of the study were to assess for the NRC the effectiveness of current monitoring systems and procedures, to develop near-term guidelines for reducing human errors associated with monitoring safety system status, and to recommend a regulatory position on this issue. A review of safety system status monitoring practices indicated that current systems and procedures do not adequately aid control room operators in monitoring safety system status. This is true even of some systems and procedures installed to meet existing regulatory guidelines (Regulatory Guide 1.47). In consequence, this report suggests acceptance criteria for meeting the functional requirements of an adequate system for monitoring safety system status. Also suggested are near-term guidelines that could reduce the likelihood of human errors in specific, high-priority status monitoring tasks. It is recommended that (1) Regulatory Guide 1.47 be revised to address these acceptance criteria, and (2) the revised Regulatory Guide 1.47 be applied to all plants, including those built since the issuance of the original Regulatory Guide.

  6. Autonomous Flight Safety System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ferrell, Bob; Santuro, Steve; Simpson, James; Zoerner, Roger; Bull, Barton; Lanzi, Jim

    2004-01-01

    Autonomous Flight Safety System (AFSS) is an independent flight safety system designed for small to medium sized expendable launch vehicles launching from or needing range safety protection while overlying relatively remote locations. AFSS replaces the need for a man-in-the-loop to make decisions for flight termination. AFSS could also serve as the prototype for an autonomous manned flight crew escape advisory system. AFSS utilizes onboard sensors and processors to emulate the human decision-making process using rule-based software logic and can dramatically reduce safety response time during critical launch phases. The Range Safety flight path nominal trajectory, its deviation allowances, limit zones and other flight safety rules are stored in the onboard computers. Position, velocity and attitude data obtained from onboard global positioning system (GPS) and inertial navigation system (INS) sensors are compared with these rules to determine the appropriate action to ensure that people and property are not jeopardized. The final system will be fully redundant and independent with multiple processors, sensors, and dead man switches to prevent inadvertent flight termination. AFSS is currently in Phase III which includes updated algorithms, integrated GPS/INS sensors, large scale simulation testing and initial aircraft flight testing.

  7. 49 CFR 385.11 - Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination. 385.11 Section...CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.11...Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination. (a)...

  8. 49 CFR 385.11 - Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination. 385.11 Section...CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES General § 385.11...Notification of safety rating and safety fitness determination. (a)...

  9. Physics Safety Induction OCTOBER 2012

    E-print Network

    Tobar, Michael

    · Inventory and safety system § Read Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) · Follow PPE and other instructions safe operating procedure · Check instrument is safe to use · Report any safety issues · ConsiderPhysics Safety Induction OCTOBER 2012 FACULTY OF SCIENCES #12;The University of Western Australia

  10. Establishing an electrical safety program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kim Eastwood; Dinesh Prabhu

    2000-01-01

    An electrical safety program is a plan designed so that neither workplace conditions, nor the actions of people, expose personnel unnecessarily to electrical hazards. Employers should develop and implement an electrical safety program to give overall safety directions for facility activities related to electrical work. Effective electrical safety programs are a major key in preventing electrical incidents.

  11. Food Safety Policy December 2011

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    Food Safety Policy December 2011 #12;www.surrey.ac.uk2 Food Safety Policy Some Useful Telephone the line to be put through to an operator. www.surrey.ac.uk 3 Food Safety Policy Contents Page 1 5 6. Glossary of Terms 7 Appendix 1. Guidance in support of the Food Safety Policy 8 Appendix 2

  12. CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    was centered primarily on lab safety as it was the most glaring example of a lack of safety trainingCAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes January 14, 2014 Present: Daniel Edge-Garza, Rick Rupp. Reports Rich Villa reported from the University Health & Safety Committee. There was a presentation from

  13. CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    lab safety specialist, replacing Sarah Greer. Tom will eventually be the lab safety manager. He and Russ Schaff are the EHS contact for lab safety questions. Daniel Edge-Garza asked for EHS' help. Schaffer summarized that OSHA and Washington State hold the PI or Lab Instructor responsible for safety

  14. BERKELEY LAB'S SAFETY SPOT AWARD

    E-print Network

    Eisen, Michael

    BERKELEY LAB'S SAFETY SPOT AWARD NOMINATION FORM Employee Name: Employee ID: Division: Department of accomplishment and will be assigned by the Safety Spot Award Committee. Values range from $25 to $150 in most: Please start with "This Safety Spot Award is in recognition of..." Nominated By: Date: Approved by Safety

  15. NSTA Portal to Science Safety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roy, Ken

    2010-01-01

    The National Science Teachers Association's (NSTA) Science Safety Advisory Board recently launched the Safety in the Science Classroom portal. This portal serves as a gateway to safety resources for teachers, supervisors, and administrators. It also contains an evolving list of safety resources for elementary, middle, and high schools. The list…

  16. Toolbox Safety Talk Heat Stress

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Heat Stress Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health Section Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Operations involving high air temperatures, radiant heat sources, high sweat is not easily removed from the surface of the skin by evaporation. When extensive or complicated

  17. SAFETY ASSESSMENT & CERTIFICATION FOR UAS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew R Evans; Mark Nicholson

    As part of the certification process to gain clearance to operate in unsegregated airspace, new UASs will require a robust Safety Assessment process. The authors have looked at the civil manned aircraft safety assessment process defined in ARP 4761 and the safety certi fication process in ARP4754, as used to demonstrate compliance with EASA \\/ FAA safety target requirements, in

  18. Toolbox Safety Talk Lead Awareness

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Lead Awareness Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health Section Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Lead based paint is commonly found in homes built before 1978 and many industrial paints today still contain lead. Lead overexposure is one of the leading causes of workplace

  19. Laser Safety Inspection Criteria

    SciTech Connect

    Barat, K

    2005-02-11

    A responsibility of the Laser Safety Officer (LSO) is to perform laser safety audits. The American National Standard Z136.1 Safe use of Lasers references this requirement in several sections: (1) Section 1.3.2 LSO Specific Responsibilities states under Hazard Evaluation, ''The LSO shall be responsible for hazards evaluation of laser work areas''; (2) Section 1.3.2.8, Safety Features Audits, ''The LSO shall ensure that the safety features of the laser installation facilities and laser equipment are audited periodically to assure proper operation''; and (3) Appendix D, under Survey and Inspections, it states, ''the LSO will survey by inspection, as considered necessary, all areas where laser equipment is used''. Therefore, for facilities using Class 3B and or Class 4 lasers, audits for laser safety compliance are expected to be conducted. The composition, frequency and rigueur of that inspection/audit rests in the hands of the LSO. A common practice for institutions is to develop laser audit checklists or survey forms. In many institutions, a sole Laser Safety Officer (LSO) or a number of Deputy LSO's perform these audits. For that matter, there are institutions that request users to perform a self-assessment audit. Many items on the common audit list and the associated findings are subjective because they are based on the experience and interest of the LSO or auditor in particular items on the checklist. Beam block usage is an example; to one set of eyes a particular arrangement might be completely adequate, while to another the installation may be inadequate. In order to provide more consistency, the National Ignition Facility Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (NIF-LLNL) has established criteria for a number of items found on the typical laser safety audit form. These criteria are distributed to laser users, and they serve two broad purposes: first, it gives the user an expectation of what will be reviewed by an auditor, and second, it is an opportunity to explain audit items to the laser user and thus the reasons for some of these items. Some examples are given from the audit criteria handout. As an explanatory key to the reader, an Operational Safety Procedure (OSP) as a formally reviewed safety procedure required for all Class 3B and Class 4 laser installations. An ''OSP Binder'' contains all safety documentation related to a given laser operation and serves as a central repository for documents, such as the OSP, interlock logs, lessons learned, contact information etc. ''Unattended Operation'' refers to approved procedures for unattended operation of the laser installation and may include operation beyond normal working hours. ''L-train'' is the LLNL training tracking system.

  20. Pedestrian signalization and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions in Lima, Peru.

    PubMed

    Quistberg, D Alex; Koepsell, Thomas D; Boyle, Linda Ng; Miranda, J Jaime; Johnston, Brian D; Ebel, Beth E

    2014-09-01

    Safe walking environments are essential for protecting pedestrians and promoting physical activity. In Peru, pedestrians comprise over three-quarters of road fatality victims. Pedestrian signalization plays an important role managing pedestrian and vehicle traffic and may help improve pedestrian safety. We examined the relationship between pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions and the presence of visible traffic signals, pedestrian signals, and signal timing to determine whether these countermeasures improved pedestrian safety. A matched case-control design was used where the units of study were crossing locations. We randomly sampled 97 control-matched collisions (weighted N=1134) at intersections occurring from October, 2010 to January, 2011 in Lima. Each case-control pair was matched on proximity, street classification, and number of lanes. Sites were visited between February, 2011 and September, 2011. Each analysis accounted for sampling weight and matching and was adjusted for vehicle and pedestrian traffic flow, crossing width, and mean vehicle speed. Collisions were more common where a phased pedestrian signal (green or red-light signal) was present compared to no signalization (odds ratio [OR] 8.88, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.32-59.6). A longer pedestrian-specific signal duration was associated with collision risk (OR 5.31, 95% CI 1.02-9.60 per 15-s interval). Collisions occurred more commonly in the presence of any signalization visible to pedestrians or pedestrian-specific signalization, though these associations were not statistically significant. Signalization efforts were not associated with lower risk for pedestrians; rather, they were associated with an increased risk of pedestrian-vehicle collisions. PMID:24821630