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1

Pedestrian Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Travel & Motor Vehicle Safety En Espańol Travel & Motor Vehicle Safety Pedestrian Safety Main Points Emergency physicians treat ... patients each year who are injured by motor vehicles while walking. Sixty-eight thousand pedestrians were injured ...

2

Traffic Safety Facts: Pedestrians  

MedlinePLUS

... 14 percent of all traffic fatalities in motor vehicle traffic crashes. Since 2002, the number of pedestrian ... SE., Washington, DC 20590 3 Table 3 Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Fatalities and Injuries and Pedestrians Killed ...

3

Evaluation of a comprehensive pedestrian safety initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project implemented a comprehensive pedestrian safety program to reduce deaths and injuries among pedestrians in a large urban environment (Miami-Dade County, Florida). High-crash locations were targeted for countermeasure implementation and analysis. Using pedestrian crash data (1996–2001), four zones within the county were identified as having abnormally high pedestrian crash experiences. Based on crash characteristics and pedestrian factors (age, ethnicity),

M E Vegega; C V Zegeer

2010-01-01

4

Pedestrian Safety--A Step in the Right Direction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains interdisciplinary teaching materials to help administrators and teachers develop pedestrian safety programs. The materials can be easily integrated with language arts, art, and social studies courses. Objectives of the materials, which can be used in kindergarten through grade nine, include understanding pedestrians' rights and…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

5

Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Strategies for UC Berkeley Campus and Periphery: Recommendations for Implementation  

E-print Network

Transportation Research & Education Canter led a Community Pedestrian Safety Trainingtransportation." This includes the following action: "Promote bicycle and pedestrian travel through training, education,

Schneider, Robert J.; Grembek, Offer; Braughton, Matthew; Orrick, Phyllis; Ragland, David R.

2013-01-01

6

Does Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Affect Children's Pedestrian Safety?  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: Many cognitive factors contribute to unintentional pedestrian injury, including reaction time, impulsivity, risk-taking, attention, and decision-making. These same factors are negatively influenced by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), which may place children with EDS at greater risk for pedestrian injury. Design, Participants, and Methods: Using a case-control design, 33 children age 8 to 16 y with EDS from an established diagnosis of narcolepsy or idiopathic hypersomnia (IHS) engaged in a virtual reality pedestrian environment while unmedicated. Thirty-three healthy children matched by age, race, sex, and household income served as controls. Results: Children with EDS were riskier pedestrians than healthy children. They were twice as likely to be struck by a virtual vehicle in the virtual pedestrian environment than healthy controls. Attentional skills of looking at oncoming traffic were not impaired among children with EDS, but decision-making for when to cross the street safely was significantly impaired. Conclusions: Results suggest excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) from the clinical sleep disorders known as the hypersomnias of central origin may have significant consequences on children's daytime functioning in a critical domain of personal safety, pedestrian skills. Cognitive processes involved in safe pedestrian crossings may be impaired in children with EDS. In the pedestrian simulation, children with EDS appeared to show a pattern consistent with inattentional blindness, in that they “looked but did not process” information in their pedestrian environment. Results highlight the need for heightened awareness of potentially irreversible consequences of untreated sleep disorders and identify a possible target for pediatric injury prevention. Citation: Avis KT; Gamble KL; Schwebel DC. Does excessive daytime sleepiness affect children's pedestrian safety? SLEEP 2014;37(2):283-287. PMID:24497656

Avis, Kristin T.; Gamble, Karen L.; Schwebel, David C.

2014-01-01

7

Advancing Pedestrian Safety at Rail Grade Crossings Paul Metaxatos and P.S. Sriraj  

E-print Network

Advancing Pedestrian Safety at Rail Grade Crossings Paul Metaxatos and P.S. Sriraj Urban1 2 Contrary to the declining number of fatalities due to train-vehicle collisions at highway-3 rail grade crossings, the number of pedestrian and bicycle fatalities at highway- and4 pathway-rail grade

Illinois at Chicago, University of

8

Pedestrian and traffic safety in parking lots at SNL/NM : audit background report.  

SciTech Connect

This report supplements audit 2008-E-0009, conducted by the ES&H, Quality, Safeguards & Security Audits Department, 12870, during fall and winter of FY 2008. The study evaluates slips, trips and falls, the leading cause of reportable injuries at Sandia. In 2007, almost half of over 100 of such incidents occurred in parking lots. During the course of the audit, over 5000 observations were collected in 10 parking lots across SNL/NM. Based on benchmarks and trends of pedestrian behavior, the report proposes pedestrian-friendly features and attributes to improve pedestrian safety in parking lots. Less safe pedestrian behavior is associated with older parking lots lacking pedestrian-friendly features and attributes, like those for buildings 823, 887 and 811. Conversely, safer pedestrian behavior is associated with newer parking lots that have designated walkways, intra-lot walkways and sidewalks. Observations also revealed that motorists are in widespread noncompliance with parking lot speed limits and stop signs and markers.

Sanchez, Paul Ernest

2009-03-01

9

Design of experiment about foam CF45 for pedestrian safety in car design  

Microsoft Academic Search

A statistical approach based on the variance analysis allows to appraise the influence of the foam that covers leg impactors on results of the tests required by European New Car Assessment Program [EuroNCAP, Pedestrian Testing Protocol, Rel. 3.1.1, Gennaio, 2002] and ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers Association) for the safety of the pedestrians in case of accident. Impactor used to evaluate

N. Cappetti; A. Donnarumma; A. Naddeo; L. Russo

2006-01-01

10

WalkSafe: a pedestrian safety app for mobile phone users who walk and talk while crossing roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in social science has shown that mobile phone conversations distract users, presenting a significant impact to pedestrian safety; for example, a mobile phone user deep in conversation while crossing a street is generally more at risk than other pedestrians not engaged in such behavior. We propose WalkSafe, an Android smartphone application that aids people that walk and talk, improving

Tianyu Wang; Giuseppe Cardone; Antonio Corradi; Lorenzo Torresani; Andrew T. Campbell

2012-01-01

11

Distraction and pedestrian safety: how talking on the phone, texting, and listening to music impact crossing the street.  

PubMed

As use of handheld multimedia devices has exploded globally, safety experts have begun to consider the impact of distraction while talking, text-messaging, or listening to music on traffic safety. This study was designed to test how talking on the phone, texting, and listening to music may influence pedestrian safety. 138 college students crossed an interactive, semi-immersive virtual pedestrian street. They were randomly assigned to one of four groups: crossing while talking on the phone, crossing while texting, crossing while listening to a personal music device, or crossing while undistracted. Participants distracted by music or texting were more likely to be hit by a vehicle in the virtual pedestrian environment than were undistracted participants. Participants in all three distracted groups were more likely to look away from the street environment (and look toward other places, such as their telephone or music device) than were undistracted participants. Findings were maintained after controlling for demographics, walking frequency, and media use frequency. Distraction from multimedia devices has a small but meaningful impact on college students' pedestrian safety. Future research should consider the cognitive demands of pedestrian safety, and how those processes may be impacted by distraction. Policymakers might consider ways to protect distracted pedestrians from harm and to reduce the number of individuals crossing streets while distracted. PMID:22269509

Schwebel, David C; Stavrinos, Despina; Byington, Katherine W; Davis, Tiffany; O'Neal, Elizabeth E; de Jong, Desiree

2012-03-01

12

Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses safety issues in science, including: allergic reactions to peanuts used in experiments; explosions in lead/acid batteries; and inspection of pressure vessels, such as pressure cookers or model steam engines. (MKR)

Education in Science, 1996

1996-01-01

13

A Community-Wide Intervention to Improve Pedestrian SafetyGuidelines for Institutionalizing Large-Scale Behavior Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

An A-B-A reversal design with a long-term follow-up evaluated a community-wide commitment and incentive program to improve pedestrian safety. The campaign encouraged residents of a college community to sign promise cards to use crosswalks when crossing campus roads and to yield to pedestrians in crosswalks when driving. Crosswalk use increased during a 6-week intervention period to 68% (n = 1,718)

Thomas E. Boyce; E. Scott Geller

2000-01-01

14

Development and Implementation of a Conflict-based Assessment of Pedestrian Safety (CAPS) to Evaluate Accessibility of Complex Intersections.  

PubMed

This paper develops and implements the Conflict-based Assessment of Pedestrian Safety (CAPS) methodology for evaluating pedestrian accessibility at complex intersections. In past years, a significant research has been done on pedestrian access to modern roundabouts and other complex intersection forms, including a significant focus on the accessibility for pedestrians who are blind. A majority of these studies have relied on actual street crossings by study participants under supervision of trained Orientation and Mobility (O&M) Specialist. These crossing studies were used to evaluate risk from a measurement of intervention events, where the O&M specialist had to physically stop the participant from crossing. While providing arguably the most accurate data for the crossing risk at a particular intersection, actual street crossings can be dangerous to the study participants, and are further very time consuming and expensive to conduct. The CAPS method presented in this paper emphasizes the use of conflict-based safety factors to quantify risk. The CAPS method relates pedestrian crossing decisions to advanced measurements of vehicle dynamics to estimate lane-by-lane conflicts. CAPS identifies the grade of conflict based on a score generated on a five-criterion rating scale. Each of these criteria or factors has different severity levels, and when combined, provides an overall risk rating of the crossing decision. The CAPS framework was applied to a study of blind pedestrian crossings at a multi-lane roundabout. The resulting risk scores were calibrated from actual O&M interventions observed during the study to give confidence in the CAPS performance. The calibrated CAPS framework correctly matched all (high risk) O&M intervention events, and further identifies other (lower risk) pedestrian-vehicle conflicts. The resulting method has the potential to allow for a faster and most importantly safer evaluation of complex intersections for pedestrian access. Since all factors are measured prior to the pedestrian stepping into the roadway, this approach is compatible with crossing indicator studies, where the participants merely indicate when they would cross, rather than actually stepping into the roadway. The CAPS framework therefore allows for a more objective and consistent safety assessment of pedestrian crossings in a research context without having pedestrians physically step into the roadway. PMID:23914006

Salamati, Katayoun; Schroeder, Bastian; Rouphail, Nagui M; Cunningham, Christopher; Long, Richard; Barlow, Janet

2012-07-12

15

The Advocacy for Pedestrian Safety Study: Cluster Randomised Trial Evaluating a Political Advocacy Approach to Reduce Pedestrian Injuries in Deprived Communities  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether advocacy targeted at local politicians leads to action to reduce the risk of pedestrian injury in deprived areas. Design Cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting 239 electoral wards in 57 local authorities in England and Wales. Participants 617 elected local politicians. Interventions Intervention group politicians were provided with tailored information packs, including maps of casualty sites, numbers injured and a synopsis of effective interventions. Main outcome measures 25–30 months post intervention, primary outcomes included: electoral ward level: percentage of road traffic calmed; proportion with new interventions; school level: percentage with 20 mph zones, Safe Routes to School, pedestrian training or road safety education; politician level: percentage lobbying for safety measures. Secondary outcomes included politicians’ interest and involvement in injury prevention, and facilitators and barriers to implementation. Results Primary outcomes did not significantly differ: % difference in traffic calming (0.07, 95%CI: ?0.07 to 0.20); proportion of schools with 20 mph zones (RR 1.47, 95%CI: 0.93 to 2.32), Safe Routes to School (RR 1.34, 95%CI: 0.83 to 2.17), pedestrian training (RR 1.23, 95%CI: 0.95 to 1.61) or other safety education (RR 1.16, 95%CI: 0.97 to 1.39). Intervention group politicians reported greater interest in child injury prevention (RR 1.09, 95%CI 1.03 to 1.16), belief in potential to help prevent injuries (RR 1.36, 95%CI 1.16 to 1.61), particularly pedestrian safety (RR 1.55, 95%CI 1.19 to 2.03). 63% of intervention politicians reported supporting new pedestrian safety schemes. The majority found the advocacy information surprising, interesting, effectively presented, and could identify suitable local interventions. Conclusions This study demonstrates the feasibility of an innovative approach to translational public health by targeting local politicians in a randomised controlled trial. The intervention package was positively viewed and raised interest but changes in interventions were not statistically significance. Longer term supported advocacy may be needed. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN91381117 PMID:23577088

Lyons, Ronan A.; Kendrick, Denise; Towner, Elizabeth M. L.; Coupland, Carol; Hayes, Mike; Christie, Nicola; Sleney, Judith; Jones, Sarah; Kimberlee, Richard; Rodgers, Sarah E.; Turner, Samantha; Brussoni, Mariana; Vinogradova, Yana; Sarvotham, Tinnu; Macey, Steven

2013-01-01

16

Evaluation of the effectiveness of single-session school-based programmes to increase children's seat belt and pedestrian safety knowledge and self-reported behaviours.  

PubMed

Young children experience many injuries as pedestrians and as passengers in vehicles. This study evaluated the effectiveness of two single-session school programmes, one to increase pedestrian safety knowledge and behaviour among Grade 1 children and the other to increase seat belt safety knowledge and usage among Grade 2 children. In the intervention groups, assessments were conducted on three occasions: before; soon after; and 2 months after the programmes; control groups did not receive the programme. The results revealed positive effects of these single-session safety programmes, as indicated by significant improvement and long-term retention of safety knowledge for both Grade 1 and Grade 2 children and self-reported increases in safety behaviours. Implications for future research and injury-prevention programming are discussed. PMID:16537220

Morrongiello, Barbara A; Kiriakou, Sophie

2006-03-01

17

Improvement CoHOG Detection and Texture Matching Tracking for Pedestrian's Active Safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The total number of deaths by traffic accidents was 4,863 in 2010 and the percentage of pedestrians in the deaths tended to increase in Japan. In recent years, to provide measures for accident avoidance has been urgently required for the people on the roads or streets including pedestrians and cyclists, so called “vulnerable road users”. In the present study, technologies to detect pedestrians by forward images with cameras installed in vehicles are under development. The purpose in this study is to improve the technologies to detect and track pedestrians with a high degree of accuracy of images with a single camera. In this study, the authors predicted pedestrians' activities by monitoring pedestrians for a given length of time and developed an algorithm to recognize pedestrians and to track the pedestrian movements with a higher degree of accuracy. The effectiveness of the algorithm was investigated by pedestrians' images on real-world roads. Regarding detecting the pedestrian feature descriptor, the authors newly found that an ECoHOG accumulating the integration of gradient intensities was the best method to decrease both the undetectable and excessive detectable ratio. Therefore, the usage of the new method by images captured on the real road was validated.

Kataoka, Hirokatsu; Tamura, Kimimasa; Matsui, Yasuhiro; Aoki, Yoshimitsu

18

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Snowblower Safety Pumpkin Carving Safety Gardening Safety Turkey Carving Safety Removing a Ring News and Updates ... Safety Snowblower Safety Pumpkin Carving Safety Gardening Safety Turkey Carving Safety Removing a Ring News and Updates ...

19

RESEARCH SAFETY RADIATION SAFETY  

E-print Network

INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT LABORATORY SAFETY AUDITS & COMPLIANCE BIOSAFETY and ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTHRESEARCH SAFETY RADIATION SAFETY ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT and MISSION CONTINUITY FIRE PREVENTION and LIFE SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY TRAINING

20

Blind Pedestrians and the Changing Technology and Geometry of Signalized Intersections: Safety, Orientation, and Independence  

PubMed Central

This study documented that blind pedestrians have considerable difficulty locating crosswalks, aligning to cross, determining the onset of the walk interval, maintaining a straight crossing path, and completing crossings before the onset of perpendicular traffic at complex signalized intersections. Revised techniques and strategies are suggested for alleviating these difficulties. PMID:20046811

Barlow, Janet M.; Bentzen, Billie Louise; Bond, Tamara

2009-01-01

21

Fire Safety Fire Safety  

E-print Network

Fire Safety Guidelines Fire Safety Guidelines Department of Environmental Health and Safety 2809;#12;3 The mission of Environmental Health and Safety's (EH&S) fire safety program is to provide a proactive fire, staff and visitors. This mis- sion is addressed through a comprehensive effort of fire safety education

Lin, Zhiqun

22

Community variations in population exposure to near-field tsunami hazards as a function of pedestrian travel time to safety  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Efforts to characterize population exposure to near-field tsunami threats typically focus on quantifying the number and type of people in tsunami-hazard zones. To develop and prioritize effective risk-reduction strategies, emergency managers also need information on the potential for successful evacuations and how this evacuation potential varies among communities. To improve efforts to properly characterize and differentiate near-field tsunami threats among multiple communities, we assess community variations in population exposure to tsunamis as a function of pedestrian travel time to safety. We focus our efforts on the multiple coastal communities in Grays Harbor and Pacific Counties (State of Washington, USA), where a substantial resident and visitor population is threatened by near-field tsunamis related to a potential Cascadia subduction zone earthquake. Anisotropic, path-distance modeling is conducted to estimate travel times to safety and results are merged with various population data, including residents, employees, public venues, and dependent-care facilities. Results suggest that there is substantial variability among communities in the number of people that may have insufficient time to evacuate. Successful evacuations may be possible in some communities assuming slow-walking speeds, are plausible in others if travel speeds are increased, and are unlikely in another set of communities given the large distances and short time horizon. Emergency managers can use these results to prioritize the location and determine the most appropriate type of tsunami risk-reduction strategies, such as education and training in areas where evacuations are plausible and vertical-evacuation structures in areas where they are not.

Wood, Nathan J.; Schmidtlein, Mathew C.

2013-01-01

23

Analysis of improvements in system efficiency and safety at highway-railroad-pedestrian grade crossings  

E-print Network

/II ACTUATED LOGIC ***?/ /??????????????????????????????????/ /? PEDESTRIAN PHASE?/ CallPed12:= presence(29) or occupancy(29); CallPed10:= presence(27) or occupancy(27); Call Pedi I:= presence(28) or occupancy(28); IF CallPed12 THEN Cel 112:= I...asaaaaaaaa/ /******* AMBER TIMERS ********/ /g a g Q gQ Qaaaaaaaaaaaaa a4 aaaa a a a as/ IF (Pedi 2Clear Timer &= PedClr[1]) THEN stop(Ped12ClearTimer); reset(Ped12ClearTimer); END; IF (Pedi OClear Timer &= PedClr[1]) THEN stop...

Tydlacka, Jonathan Michael

2013-02-22

24

45 CFR 1310.21 - Safety education.  

...HEAD START TRANSPORTATION Special... Safety education. (a...must provide training for parents...safety. The training provided...emphasized in the training provided...required transportation and pedestrian safety education of...

2014-10-01

25

Nuclear safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics dealing with nuclear safety are addressed which include the following: general safety requirements; safety design requirements; terrestrial safety; SP-100 Flight System key safety requirements; potential mission accidents and hazards; key safety features; ground operations; launch operations; flight operations; disposal; safety concerns; licensing; the nuclear engine for rocket vehicle application (NERVA) design philosophy; the NERVA flight safety program; and the NERVA safety plan.

Buden, D.

1991-01-01

26

Five road safety education programmes for young adolescent pedestrians and cyclists: a multi-programme evaluation in a field setting.  

PubMed

A practical approach was developed to assess and compare the effects of five short road safety education (RSE) programmes for young adolescents that does not rely on injury or crash data but uses self reported behaviour. Questionnaires were administered just before and about one month after participation in the RSE programmes, both to youngsters who had participated in a RSE programme, the intervention group, and to a comparable reference group of youngsters who had not, the reference group. For each RSE programme, the answers to the questionnaires in the pre- and post-test were checked for internal consistency and then condensed into a single safety score using categorical principal components analysis. Next, an analysis of covariance was performed on the obtained safety scores in order to compare the post-test scores of the intervention and reference groups, corrected for their corresponding pre-test scores. It was found that three out of five RSE programmes resulted in significantly improved self-reported safety behaviour. However, the proportions of participants that changed their behaviour relative to the reference group were small, ranging from 3% to 20%. Comparisons among programme types showed cognitive approaches not to differ in effect from programmes that used fear-appeal approaches. The method used provides a useful tool to assess and compare the effects of different education programmes on self-reported behaviour. PMID:24509322

Twisk, Divera A M; Vlakveld, Willem P; Commandeur, Jacques J F; Shope, Jean T; Kok, Gerjo

2014-05-01

27

Drug Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... over-the-counter drug. The FDA evaluates the safety of a drug by looking at Side effects ... clinical trials The FDA also monitors a drug's safety after approval. For you, drug safety means buying ...

28

Vaccine Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... in history. CDC's Immunization Safety Office identifies possible vaccine side effects and conducts studies to determine whether a health problem is caused by a specific vaccine. About Vaccine Safety Vaccines Safety Basics Vaccines: Hib, ...

29

Safety & Environment Unit Safety Contest  

E-print Network

for a disordered lab Orderly laboratory 40 positive points for each safety initiative Initiatives implementationAwards Safety & Environment Unit Safety Contest & We hope that this contest will improve the awareness and the safety of all WIS personnel. First prize Second prize Third prize $5000 $3000 $2000 Dear

Maoz, Shahar

30

Safety Rules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Safety is an important part of a science lesson or activity. This safety material is part of a series of hands-on science activities designed to arouse student interest. Sixteen rules reinforce common safety concerns for science classrooms. Among the safety rules are the recommendations that teachers practice demonstrations before presenting them, make proper eyewear and shields available, use customary disposal techniques, and possess a thorough knowledge of the chemical reactions being used. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL); Jacobs, Steve

2004-01-01

31

Safety Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety policies, procedures, and related information are presented in this manual to assist school personnel in a continuing program of accident prevention. Chapter 1 discusses safety education and accident prevention in general. Chapter 2 covers traffic regulations relating to school safety patrols, school bus transportation, bicycles, and…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

32

Biological Safety Cabinets Biological Safety  

E-print Network

Biological Safety Cabinets Biological Safety General Biosafety Practices (GBP) Why You Should Care The Biological Safety Cabinet (BSC) protects you (the user), your research materials and your colleagues through whenever you anticipate these activities while working with potentially infectious biological materials

Pawlowski, Wojtek

33

Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into laboratory safety, and covers interacting with the lab environment and a new lab partner. Topics covered include proper dress, housekeeping, safety equipment, mixing, fire safety, and spills. When the module is completed, visitors will be able to demonstrate proper lab safety techniques.

2012-11-06

34

Skateboard Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing number of skateboard injuries clearly indicates a need for both recreational facilities designed exclusively for skateboarders, and for accident- prevention-oriented safety education programs. (LH)

Della-Giustina, Daniel

1979-01-01

35

Quad Conference, Vancouver B.C. April 9, 20051 Community and School Traffic Safety  

E-print Network

measuring safety? · State ­ Use primarily crash data ­ Safety performance measures are basic ­ Most are used/ambassador program Goal ­ Improve safety for pedestrians and bicyclists and foster better cooperation with auto

Bertini, Robert L.

36

Toolbox Safety Talk Safety Data Sheets (SDS)  

E-print Network

to as "Material Safety Data Sheets" (MSDS), communicate important information regarding the hazards of chemicalToolbox Safety Talk Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for all chemicals produced. "Safety Data Sheets", previously referred

Pawlowski, Wojtek

37

Environmental Health & Safety Safety in the Workplace  

E-print Network

needle directly from patient - available from Retractable Technologies MagellanTM Safety Blood CollectionEnvironmental Health & Safety Safety in the Workplace Safety-Engineered Sharps What is a safety-engineered sharp? The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defines a safety-engineered sharp

Jawitz, James W.

38

Lab Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the Texas Hazardous Communication Act (THCA) of 1986 which raised many new health and liability issues regarding students in science laboratories, a laboratory safety survey was generated for use in evaluating laboratory safety. This article contains the easy-to-use survey. (ZWH)

West, Sandra S.

1991-01-01

39

Safety Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

Halligan, Tom

2009-01-01

40

Safety First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ned Miller does not take security lightly. As director of campus safety and emergency management at the Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC), any threat requires serious consideration. As community college administrators adopt a more proactive approach to campus safety, many institutions are experimenting with emerging technologies, including…

Taft, Darryl

2011-01-01

41

Pedestrian Protection Systems: Issues, Survey, and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the recent research on the enhancement of pedestrian safety to help develop a better un- derstanding of the nature, issues, approaches, and challenges surrounding the problem. It presents a comprehensive review of research efforts underway dealing with pedestrian safety and collision avoidance. The importance of pedestrian protection is emphasized in a global context, discussing the research programs

Tarak Gandhi; Mohan Manubhai Trivedi

2007-01-01

42

Software safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

Leveson, Nancy

1987-01-01

43

Safety - PPE  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This high school activity from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center challenges "your students' ability to identify safety hazards, as they play the role of a safety inspector." On this page, visitors will find a link to two company overview sheets, one with information about TECO, a company that generate and distributes electricity, and another with information about CF Industries, a fertilizer producer. The site also provides a lesson plan, a PowerPoint presentation, and a student handout. This is a great resource to introduce students to hands-on practices in safety inspection in different industries.

44

Aerospace Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents materials on aerospace safety. Topics include hazard communications, lockout/tagout, confined space entry, fall protection, PPE, firefighting and bloodborne pathogens.

2010-10-18

45

Agricultural Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... on injuries associated with agriculture, as well as pesticide exposure, pulmonary disease, musculoskeletal disorders, hearing loss, and stress. ... Workplace Safety and Health Topics Industries & Occupations Hazards & ... Injury Surveillance NIOSH Homepage NIOSH A-Z ...

46

Fireworks Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... at 350 °F Water boils at 212 °F Fireworks Safety Fireworks are often used to mark special ... fireworks NFPA is opposed to consumer use of fireworks. This includes sparklers and firecrackers. Even sparklers burn ...

47

Child Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... steps to keep your children safe: Install the right child safety seat in your car Teach children how to cross the street safely Make sure they wear the right gear and equipment for sports Install and test ...

48

Safety Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order for students to inquire confidently, we must create safe classroom environments. Safety is not just a set of rules but a state of mind, and perhaps, most importantly, it is an attitude and a set of skills that carry over into a students' daily life. But research also shows that the space in which students inquire is vital to their safety and security. This chapter summarizes some of the important factors that contribute to safe laboratory environments.

Biehle, James T.; Motz, Lamoine L.; West, Sandra S.

2007-01-01

49

Laboratory Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Wiki page provides a link to the recording of a webinar by Ken Roy. Join Ken Roy as he discusses the Dirty Dozen and the responsibilities of all educators in making science classrooms and activities safe[r] for students. Ken Roy is the National Science Teacher Association (NTSA) Science Safety Consultant and the Director of Environmental Health and Safety for Glastonbury Public Schools in Connecticut. Other links to the resources discussed in this webinar are also provided.

2009-11-12

50

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL May 10, 2002 #12;i Acknowledgements Environmental Health and Safety gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by the University Safety Council extremely helpful. #12;ii Environmental Health and Safety General Safety Manual Table of Contents Section

Maroncelli, Mark

51

System safety education focused on flight safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The measures necessary for achieving higher levels of system safety are analyzed with an eye toward maintaining the combat capability of the Air Force. Several education courses were provided for personnel involved in safety management. Data include: (1) Flight Safety Officer Course, (2) Advanced Safety Program Management, (3) Fundamentals of System Safety, and (4) Quantitative Methods of Safety Analysis.

Holt, E.

1971-01-01

52

Railroad grade-level street crossings present serious potential safety hazards  

E-print Network

Railroad grade-level street crossings present serious potential safety hazards for people traveling Improvements for Pedestrians, Cyclists at Grade Crossings Data shows railroad crossings continue to prove

Illinois at Chicago, University of

53

Science Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by specialists at the Baylor College of Medicine's BioEd Online team, the Science Safety site brings together videos, pamphlets, and other instructional resources designed to help students and educators learn about lab safety. The site contains three key videos: "Tools and Equipment of Science," "Using a Bright Field Light Microscope," and "Using a Micropipettor." Demonstrators include scientists and teachers from around Texas and the tone of the films is erudite, age-appropriate, and accessible. Additionally, the site includes links to Lesson Demonstrations, which address subjects such as ecology, forces and motion, and microorganisms.

Vu, Michael

54

Motorcycle Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... way to protect motorcycle riders, state-by-state data on motorcycle-related deaths and economic costs, and what you can do to increase motorcycle safety. The Guide and state-based fact sheets are available online. Preventing serious injuries and deaths ...

55

Auto Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... tall enough ride with just a seatbelt. Air Bags and Kids When combined with safety belts, air bags protect adults and teens from injury during a ... in the front passenger seat when an air bag opens. Air bags were designed with adults in ...

56

Safety and Liability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of five articles highlights Pensacola Junior College's occupational safety course, involving simulated emergencies, Florida's standards for teacher liability, electrical safety in the classroom and laboratory, color coding for machine safety, and Florida industrial arts safety instructional materials. (SK)

Berthelot, Ronald J.; And Others

1982-01-01

57

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Department of Occupational Health and Safety Revised December 2009 #12;Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management System 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Management of Health and Safety

58

First Aid and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... what to do in an emergency, how to stock a first-aid kit, where to call for ... to Choose & Use Sunscreen Playground Safety Preventing Children's Sports Injuries Safety Tips: Baseball Safety Tips: Basketball Safety ...

59

Child safety seats  

MedlinePLUS

... to install child safety seats, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration online. ... safety. Pediatrics . 2011; 127(4):e1050-e1066. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Car seats . Accessed March 29, ...

60

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

1993-01-01

61

Safety valve  

DOEpatents

The safety valve contains a resilient gland to be held between a valve seat and a valve member and is secured to the valve member by a sleeve surrounding the end of the valve member adjacent to the valve seat. The sleeve is movable relative to the valve member through a limited axial distance and a gap exists between said valve member and said sleeve.

Bergman, Ulf C. (Malmoe, SE)

1984-01-01

62

Farm Safety  

PubMed Central

Accident and safety are related terms; the higher the accident rate in any industry, the greater is the need for safety measures designed to prevent accidents. This article discusses the accident and safety problems in agriculture, which includes horticulture and forestry. There is still a tendency among townspeople to think of the countryside as peaceful and tranquil, a place where nothing happens very quickly and far removed from violent death or crippling injury. This pleasant rustic picture has undergone a striking change in the last 30 years owing to considerable agricultural mechanization and the development of chemical pesticides, which have brought new dangers to those who live and work on the land. Although men have readily adapted themselves to new machines and methods, they have not proved as able to recognize new dangers and learn how to guard against them. In consequence, accidents have increased to such an extent that the whole industry has realized the need for positive preventive measures. In this country, it is generally accepted that an employer of labour has a responsibility to provide safe working conditions for those he employs. Farm safety legislation goes a little further and usually requires an employer to provide necessary safeguards, with the added requirement on a worker to make use of them. It is a feature of accident prevention work that it never reaches a stage when it can be regarded as complete. Even when a reduction in accidents has been achieved, the effort must be sustained or the trend will be quickly reversed. Images PMID:5904095

Wilson, G. S.

1966-01-01

63

HEALTH, SAFETY & INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

reporting · DSE Assessments · Risk Assessments · Electrical Safety #12;HEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING POLICYHEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING NEW STAFF INDUCTION #12;INTRODUCTION · University Health, Safety and Wellbeing Policy · The role of the Health & Safety Office · School/Unit Health & Safety Management

Sussex, University of

64

Scope on Safety: Proactive safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Horrifying stories of accidents in the science lab abound. You may think that such accidents could never happen in your lab, but accidents do happen even in the most controlled environments. So, the best thing you can do to protect yourselves and your students is to implement and document proactive safety procedures. The following actions are recommended to reduce accidents in the lab and litigation in the courtroom.

Roy, Ken

2006-09-01

65

Electrosurgical safety.  

PubMed

Technological advances in safety and the performance of electrosurgical units (ESUs) have made the ESU the most common piece of electrical equipment in the OR. The constant presence of the ESU in the OR increases the potential for patient injury that is associated with the use of any piece of electrical equipment. To prevent injuries related to the use of an ESU, the perioperative nurse must understand the types of current used, types of ESUs available, and potential complications and have a working knowledge of safe practices for using this equipment in the perioperative setting. PMID:9829132

Hutchisson, B; Baird, M G; Wagner, S

1998-11-01

66

Road safety issues for bus transport management.  

PubMed

Because of the low percentage of crashes involving buses and the assumption that public transport improves road safety by reducing vehicular traffic, public interest in bus safety is not as great as that in the safety of other types of vehicles. It is possible that less attention is paid to the significance of crashes involving buses because the safety level of bus systems is considered to be adequate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and perceptions of bus managers with respect to safety issues and the potential effectiveness of various technologies in achieving higher safety standards. Bus managers were asked to give their opinions on safety issues related to drivers (training, skills, performance evaluation and behaviour), vehicles (maintenance and advanced devices) and roads (road and traffic safety issues) in response to a research survey. Kendall's algorithm was used to evaluate the level of concordance. The results showed that the majority of the proposed items were considered to have great potential for improving bus safety. The data indicated that in the experience of the participants, passenger unloading and pedestrians crossing near bus stops are the most dangerous actions with respect to vulnerable users. The final results of the investigation showed that start inhibition, automatic door opening, and the materials and internal architecture of buses were considered the items most strongly related to bus passenger safety. Brake assistance and vehicle monitoring systems were also considered to be very effective. With the exception of driver assistance systems for passenger and pedestrian safety, the perceptions of the importance of other driver assistance systems for vehicle monitoring and bus safety were not unanimous among the bus company managers who participated in this survey. The study results showed that the introduction of new technologies is perceived as an important factor in improving bus safety, but a better understanding of their actual effectiveness and related risk factor avoidance must be developed to permit their useful implementation in bus fleets. PMID:23850401

Cafiso, Salvatore; Di Graziano, Alessandro; Pappalardo, Giuseppina

2013-11-01

67

Bicycle Safety Task Force with LBNL Bicycle Coalition Page 1 of 1  

E-print Network

­ Bicycle Safety Policy The Berkeley Lab presents many unique challenges for motor vehicle, bicycleBicycle Safety Task Force with LBNL Bicycle Coalition April 2005 Page 1 of 1 Traffic Safety Program, and pedestrian safety. The roadways are narrow, can be crowded and under construction, traverse steep terrain

Knowles, David William

68

Rebuilding a safety culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk\\/assessment\\/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

George A. Rodney

1991-01-01

69

Rebuilding a safety culture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk/assessment/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

Rodney, George A.

1991-11-01

70

Rebuilding a safety culture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk/assessment/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

Rodney, George A.

1991-01-01

71

AEROSPACE SAFETY ADVISORY PANEL  

E-print Network

AEROSPACE SAFETY ADVISORY PANEL ANNUAL REPORT FOR 20! 3 #12;. #12;NASA AEROSPACE SAFETY ADVISORY and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-155), the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP. Dyer, USN (Ret.) Chair, Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel Enclosure #12;NASA AEROSPACE SAFETY ADVISORY

Waliser, Duane E.

72

Electrical Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All About Circuits is a website that â??provides a series of online textbooks covering electricity and electronics.â?ť Written by Tony R. Kuphaldt, the textbooks available here are wonderful resources for students, teachers, and anyone who is interested in learning more about electronics. This specific section, Electrical Safety, is the third chapter in Volume I. Topics covered in this chapter include: shock current path, Ohmâ??s law, safe practices, emergence response, safe circuit design, safe meter usage, and electric shock data. Diagrams and detailed descriptions of concepts are included throughout the chapter to provide users with a comprehensive lesson. Visitors to the site are also encouraged to discuss concepts and topics using the All About Circuits discussion forums (registration with the site is required to post materials).

Kuphaldt, Tony R.

73

Laser safety.  

PubMed

The use of lasers in medical practice has seen great expansion in the past decades. However, these devices may also pose a significant hazard. Laser hazards are generally divided into beam hazards and nonbeam hazards. Beam hazards inflict ocular and cutaneous injury, whereas nonbeam hazards stem from the laser device itself or its interaction with materials within the surgical environment. The latter include laser plume hazards, fire hazards, and electrical hazards inherent in a high-voltage system that is a laser device. Therefore, a thorough understanding of these hazards along with methods to reduce their risk is of paramount importance in order to ensure maximal safety for the surgeon, the staff, and the patient. PMID:21865796

Dudelzak, Jacob; Goldberg, David J

2011-01-01

74

Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors.  

PubMed

Safety studies have primarily focused on how explicit processes and measures affect safety behavior and subsequent accidents and injuries. Recently, safety researchers have paid greater attention to the role of implicit processes. Our research focuses on the role of attentional bias toward safety (ABS) in workplace safety. ABS is a basic, early-stage cognitive process involving the automatic and selective allocation of attentional resources toward safety cues, which reflect the implicit motivational state of employees regarding safety goal. In this study, we used two reaction time-based paradigms to measure the ABS of employees in three studies: two modified Stroop tasks (Studies 1 and 2) and a visual dot-probe task (Study 3). Results revealed that employees with better safety behavior showed significant ABS (Study 2), and greater ABS than employees with poorer safety behavior (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, ABS was positively associated with the perceived safety climate and safety motivation of employees, both of which mediate the effect of ABS on safety behavior (Study 3). These results contributed to a deeper understanding of how early-stage automatic perceptual processing affects safety behavior. The practical implications of these results were also discussed. PMID:24922613

Xu, Yaoshan; Li, Yongjuan; Wang, Guangxi; Yuan, Xiao; Ding, Weidong; Shen, Zhongxiang

2014-10-01

75

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail ... Medical Product Safety Network Emergency Situations (Medical Devices) Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section Medical ...

76

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

representatives, health and safety technicians, occupational health specialists and nurses, risk managers, union representatives, health and safety technicians, occupational health specialists and nurses, riskENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY PROGRAMS SPRING 2012 Including: Free Information Session New

California at Davis, University of

77

ETE Electrical Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a collection of safety topics that may be discussed in electrical safety meetings or classes. Topics include fuse removal, GFCIs, electrical shock, first aid, LOTO, PPE, fire safety, and hazardous locations.

2013-06-13

78

National Patient Safety Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... Joint Commission Journal Focus Archive Stand Up for Patient Safety Welcome Stand Up Members Stand Up e-News ... PLS Webcast Archives Stand Up Templates and Logos Patient Safety Coalition Patient Safety Coalition Members Partnership Compact Stand ...

79

Checklist for Environmental Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... A Checklist for Environmental Safety A Checklist for Environmental Safety Making facilities and programs and activities safe ... Email Print Like (8 Likes) A Checklist for Environmental Safety Back to : Living with Low Vision Directory ...

80

Postmarket Drug Safety Information  

MedlinePLUS

... postmarket drug safety information to improve transparency and communication to patients and healthcare providers. Studies and Clinical Trials of ... Safety Information Index to Drug-Specific Information For ... News & Events Includes drug safety announcements from CDER ...

81

Laser Safety Introduction  

E-print Network

use Integrated Safety Management here at the lab to reduce risk and workLaser Safety #12;Introduction · A Laser is a device that controls the way (greater in size than wavelength) #12;Integrated Safety Management Remember, we

McQuade, D. Tyler

82

Fire safety at home  

MedlinePLUS

... healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/all-around/pages/Fire-Safety.aspx. Accessed August 27, 2013. United States Consumer Product Safety Commission. Fireworks information center. Available at: http://www.cpsc.gov/fireworks. ...

83

Paper Shredder Safety Alert  

MedlinePLUS

Paper Shredder Safety Alert Consumer model paper shredders are very popular. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission ( ... offers the following safety tips when using a paper shredder: ? Never allow children to operate paper shredders, ...

84

Surveying Science Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) study that analyzed science classroom safety. Examines the potential need for a national safety indexing system to rank states with regard to science safety. (DDR)

Gerlovich, Jack A.; Parsa, Rahul

2002-01-01

85

Safety analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The first case study is the Magnetic Stereotaxis System (MSS), an investigational device for performing human neurosurgery being developed in a joint effort between the Department of Physics at the University of Virginia and the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Iowa. The system operates by manipulating a small permanent magnet (known as a 'seed') within the brain using an externally applied magnetic field. By varying the magnitude and gradient of the external magnetic field, the seed can be moved along a non-linear path and positioned at a site requiring therapy, e.g., a tumor. The magnetic field required for movement through brain tissue is extremely high, and is generated by a set of six superconducting magnets located in a housing surrounding the patient's head. The system uses two X-ray cameras positioned at right angles to detect in real time the locations of the seed and of X-ray opaque markers affixed to the patient's skull. the X-ray images are used to locate the objects of interest in a canonical frame of reference. the second case study is the University of Virginia Research Nuclear Reactor (UVAR). It is a 2 MW thermal, concrete-walled pool reactor. The system operates using 20 to 25 plate-type fuel assemblies placed on a rectangular grid plate. There are three scramable safety rods, and one non-scramable regulating rod that can be put in automatic mode. It was originally constructed in 1959 as a 1 MW system, and it was upgraded to 2 MW in 1973. Though only a research reactor rather than a power reactor, the issues raised are significant and can be related to the problems faced by full-scale reactor systems.

Knight, John C.

1995-01-01

86

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office 130 DeSoto Street G-7 Parran with sources of ionizing radiation are required to be instructed in the basic principles of radiation protection and the potential risks of ionizing radiation. Radiation Safety Office personnel provide

Sibille, Etienne

87

Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety  

E-print Network

Information: Department: Building: Room: Lab Phone: #12;Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Supervisor I shall notify the Laser Safety Officer in writing of my intention to move my laser/laser lab or disposal of lasers in my lab(s). 8. I have read and understand the Georgia Tech Laser Safety Policy Manual

Houston, Paul L.

88

National Ag Safety Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. Spanish materials are included.

2007-01-15

89

Farm Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

90

Bromine Safety  

SciTech Connect

The production and handling in 1999 of about 200 million kilograms of bromine plus substantial derivatives thereof by Great Lakes Chemical Corp. and Albemarle Corporation in their southern Arkansas refineries gave OSHA Occupational Injury/Illness Rates (OIIR) in the range of 0.74 to 1.60 reportable OIIRs per 200,000 man hours. OIIRs for similar industries and a wide selection of other U.S. industries range from 1.6 to 23.9 in the most recent OSHA report. Occupational fatalities for the two companies in 1999 were zero compared to a range in the U.S.of zero for all computer manufacturing to 0.0445 percent for all of agriculture, forestry and fishing in the most recent OSHA report. These results show that bromine and its compounds can be considered as safe chemicals as a result of the bromine safety standards and practices at the two companies. The use of hydrobromic acid as an electrical energy storage medium in reversible PEM fuel cells is discussed. A study in 1979 of 20 megawatt halogen working fluid power plants by Oronzio de Nora Group found such energy to cost 2 to 2.5 times the prevailing base rate at that time. New conditions may reduce this relative cost. The energy storage aspect allows energy delivery at maximum demand times where the energy commands premium rates. The study also found marginal cost and performance advantages for hydrobromic acid over hydrochloric acid working fluid. Separate studies in the late 70s by General Electric also showed marginal performance advantages for hydrobromic acid.

Meyers, B

2001-04-09

91

Safety Standards for Projectors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The safety of projectors and related viewing devices for school, home, and business use is of paramount importance. The Advisory Committee on Safety (ACOS) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has established a working group to consider the problem of projector safety and to make recommendations for safety standards. (CMV)

Wyman, Raymond

1979-01-01

92

Lessons in Shooter Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Lessons in Shooter Safety You can prevent hearing loss: Always wear ear protection while shooting. OK, listen up. Firearm safety ... audiologist . 3 ways to protect and preserve your hearing when shooting … 1. Wear ... 3. Wear Combination Ear & Eye Safety Glasses Contact the National Institute on ...

93

School Bus Safety Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a summary and update of school bus-safety activities conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). This report discusses Congressional mandates and NHTSA's actions to improve school-bus safety (which include programs that affect human behavior and motor-vehicle safety performance), the magnitude…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

94

Radiation Safety September 2013  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Manual September 2013 Office of Environment, Health & Safety #12;RADIATION SAFETY of ionizing radiation as a valuable tool to extend fundamental knowledge. These activities are an important of radiation-producing machines and radioactive materials attests to the success of its radiation safety

California at Irvine, University of

95

Safety: Preventive Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Underscores the need for community colleges to practice safety within the institutions and to instruct students in workplace safety procedures and requirements. Reviews Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) regulations and their impact on industry and education. Looks at the legal responsibilities of colleges for safety. (DMM)

Kotula, John R.; Digenakis, Anthony

1985-01-01

96

Safety: An Attitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes eight safety concepts developed by the author to teach safety and accident prevention in industrial arts shops and to promote more positive student attitudes toward shop safety. Stressing several general safety concepts instead of requiring dozens of rules has been found to work. (MF)

Smith, Harry T.

1978-01-01

97

CHEMICAL SAFETY Emergency Numbers  

E-print Network

- 1 - CHEMICAL SAFETY MANUAL 2010 #12;- 2 - Emergency Numbers UNBC Prince George Campus Security Prince George Campus Chemstores 6472 Chemical Safety 6472 Radiation Safety 5530 Biological Safety 5530 use, storage, handling, waste and emergency management of chemicals on the University of Northern

Bolch, Tobias

98

Safety Education and Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety education in the science classroom is discussed, including the beginning of safe management, attitudes toward safety education, laboratory assistants, chemical and health regulation, safety aids, and a case study of a high school science laboratory. Suggestions for safety codes for science teachers, student behavior, and laboratory…

Ralph, Richard

1980-01-01

99

Launch Services Safety Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA/KSC Launch Services Division Safety (SA-D) services include: (1) Assessing the safety of the launch vehicle (2) Assessing the safety of NASA ELV spacecraft (S/C) / launch vehicle (LV) interfaces (3) Assessing the safety of spacecraft processing to ensure resource protection of: - KSC facilities - KSC VAFB facilities - KSC controlled property - Other NASA assets (4) NASA personnel safety (5) Interfacing with payload organizations to review spacecraft for adequate safety implementation and compliance for integrated activities (6) Assisting in the integration of safety activities between the payload, launch vehicle, and processing facilities

Loftin, Charles E.

2008-01-01

100

TWRS safety program plan  

SciTech Connect

Management of Nuclear Safety, Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, and Fire Protection programs, functions, and field support resources for Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) has, until recently, been centralized in TWRS Safety, under the Emergency, Safety, and Quality organization. Industrial hygiene technician services were also provided to support operational needs related to safety basis compliance. Due to WHC decentralization of safety and reengineering efforts in West Tank Farms, staffing and safety responsibilities have been transferred to the facilities. Under the new structure, safety personnel for TWRS are assigned directly to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and a core Safety Group in TWRS Engineering. The Characterization Project Operations (CPO) safety organization will remain in tact as it currently exists. Personnel assigned to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and CPO will perform facility-specific or project-specific duties and provide field implementation of programs. Those assigned to the core group will focus on activities having a TWRS-wide or programmatic focus. Hanford-wide activities will be the responsibility of the Safety Center of Expertise. In order to ensure an effective and consistent safety program for TWRS under the new organization program functions, goals, organizational structure, roles, responsibilities, and path forward must be clearly established. The purpose of the TWRS Safety Program Plan is to define the overall safety program, responsibilities, relationships, and communication linkages for safety personnel under the new structure. In addition, issues associated with reorganization transition are addressed, including training, project ownership, records management, and dissemination of equipment. For the purpose of this document ``TWRS Safety`` refers to all safety professionals and technicians (Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, Fire Protection, and Nuclear Safety) within the TWRS organization, regardless of their location in the organization.

Calderon, L.M., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-01

101

SEAS Safety Program SEAS SAFETY PROGRAM 2012-2103  

E-print Network

Safety Administrative Support · Linn Eichler & Christie Gilliland Safety Inspection Support · Lab Safety #12;SEAS Safety ProgramSEAS Safety Program Services Provided to SEAS Research Labs · Annual Lab Safety · Relay relevant information back to your lab group · Report incidents to SEAS safety committee · Attend

102

Environmental Health and Safety Fire and Life Safety Laboratory Assessment  

E-print Network

Environmental Health and Safety Fire and Life Safety Laboratory Assessment PI: ___________________________________________ Department: ________________________________ Lab Contact: ___________________________________ Lab Phone: _________________________________ Date: ______________________________________ Inspection Finding Categories: A. No items of safety

103

Vocational Education Safety Instruction Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual describes four program areas in vocational education safety instruction: (1) introduction to a safety program; (2) resources to ensure laboratory safety; (3) safety program implementation; and (4) safety rules and safety tests. The safety rules and tests included in section four are for the most common tools and machines used in…

Cropley, Russell, Ed.; Doherty, Susan Sloan, Ed.

104

Teaching Science: Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Before entering the world of pipettes and Geiger counters, budding scientists will need to know about lab safety. Science educators will benefit from this laboratory safety site, developed by Professor Norman Herr, who teaches at California State University, Northridge. On his site, Professor Herr provides topically organized links that fall into the areas of safety standards, chemical hazards, chemical storage, and five other relevant topics. Within each section, visitors will find links to state safety standards, sample laboratory safety contracts, and fact sheets on chemical hazards. One potentially delightful classroom activity is the laboratory safety "scavenger hunt". Through this activity, students will learn about storage requirements, chemical risks, and other potential delicate matters.

105

Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety  

E-print Network

Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic

McQuade, D. Tyler

106

SNTP environmental, safety, and health  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Viewgraphs on space nuclear thermal propulsion (SNTP) environmental, safety, and health are presented. Topics covered include: program safety policy; program safety policies; and DEIS public hearing comments.

Harmon, Charles D.

1993-01-01

107

Occupational Health and Safety Manual  

E-print Network

Occupational Health and Safety Manual #12;1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 York University Occupational Health and Safety Policy and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Occupational Health and Safety Legislation

108

Spacecraft Fire Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fire detection, fire standards and testing, fire extinguishment, inerting and atmospheres, fire-related medical science, aircraft fire safety, Space Station safety concerns, microgravity combustion, spacecraft material flammability testing, and metal combustion are among the topics considered.

Margle, Janice M. (editor)

1987-01-01

109

Hazmat Safety Community  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website created by the US Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, provides information on hazardous materials, regulations, safety advisory notices, training, as well as additional information.

US Department of Transportation (US Department of Transportation)

2012-01-05

110

Aviation safety analysis  

E-print Network

Introduction: Just as the aviation system is complex and interrelated, so is aviation safety. Aviation safety involves design of aircraft and airports, training of ground personnel and flight crew members' maintenance of ...

Ausrotas, Raymond A.

1984-01-01

111

Cooking Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... fire safety photo gallery Fire Prevention and Public Education Exchange The Exchange serves as a centralized location ... fire prevention and life safety practices and public education materials that organizations may wish to share with ...

112

Motor Vehicle Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... these crashes is one part of motor vehicle safety. Here are some things you can do to ... speed or drive aggressively Don't drive impaired Safety also involves being aware of others. Share the ...

113

Check Playgrounds for Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that falls from equipment are the number one cause of playground accidents. Presents guidelines for safe playgrounds from the National Safety Council. Provides a safety checklist, including considerations of the design and condition of equipment and surface material. (BGC)

Texas Child Care, 1996

1996-01-01

114

Practicing Fireworks Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... the Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Practicing Fireworks Safety Tweet Fireworks eye injuries common in young people, bystanders Nearly ... to avoid the risk of serious eye injury." Fireworks Safety Tips The Academy advises that the best ...

115

Air Bag Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Technology Tires Tires Rating Passenger Van Safety Air Bag Safety Air Bag Basics General Information Air Bag Deployment After Deployment ... Module Crash Sensors Electronic Control Unit Counterfeit Air Bags General Information What Consumers Should Know About Counterfeit ...

116

Facility safety study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The safety of NASA's in house microelectronics facility is addressed. Industrial health standards, facility emission control requirements, operation and safety checklists, and the disposal of epitaxial vent gas are considered.

1979-01-01

117

National Safety Council  

MedlinePLUS

... safe. Become a Member ? Leadership & Employee Engagement Safety Management Systems Risk Reduction Performance Measurement NSC Membership Engage ... and Safety (EHS) is at the core of business vitality. Sign up for our newsletter Sign up ...

118

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

119

Safety in Science Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents 12 amendments to the second edition of Safety in Science Laboratories. Covers topics such as regular inspection of equipment, wearing safety glasses, dating stock chemicals, and safe use of chemicals. (MA)

Education in Science, 1978

1978-01-01

120

CCB Laboratory Safety Orientation Checklist Laboratory Safety Training Review  

E-print Network

CCB's Lab 300 in-class safety training. All personnel working within CCBCCB Laboratory Safety Orientation Checklist Laboratory Safety Training Review Attend must complete the department's Laboratory Safety Training. Consult the CCB

Heller, Eric

121

Aviation Safety Issues Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aviation safety issues database was instrumental in the refinement and substantiation of the National Aviation Safety Strategic Plan (NASSP). The issues database is a comprehensive set of issues from an extremely broad base of aviation functions, personnel, and vehicle categories, both nationally and internationally. Several aviation safety stakeholders such as the Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) have already used the database. This broader interest was the genesis to making the database publically accessible and writing this report.

Morello, Samuel A.; Ricks, Wendell R.

2009-01-01

122

DOE handbook electrical safety  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

NONE

1998-01-01

123

Happy Safety Habits  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We will be learning about certain safety habits and how knowing and doing these safety habits can make us happy. Introduction: Learning about different types of safety is important, because it keeps us safe and protected from dangers. Throught this webquest you will see waht safety habits you should use to keep yourself and family protected. Task: You will be asked to come up with a real life situation/story where you ...

Andersen, Miss

2009-03-27

124

Generic safety documentation model  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to be a resource for preparers of safety documentation for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico facilities. It provides standardized discussions of some topics that are generic to most, if not all, Sandia/NM facilities safety documents. The material provides a ``core`` upon which to develop facility-specific safety documentation. The use of the information in this document will reduce the cost of safety document preparation and improve consistency of information.

Mahn, J.A.

1994-04-01

125

Agriscience Shop Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After completing this project, you should be able to pass the Shop Safety Test, allowing you to participate in the Agriscience Shop. Before you are allowed into the shop, you are required to pass a Shop Safety Test. The tools that follow will help you prepare for the test. Use the Shop Safety Chart that Mr. Creel gave you in class to take notes on important safety rules. OSHA is the "governmental ...

Creel, Mr.

2011-11-02

126

Student Safety Orientation  

E-print Network

Student Safety Orientation Safety & Health Services Division June 2011 #12;Safety Matters at BNL a Lindberg split tube furnace (120v, 800 watt) housed within a fume hood. Minor electrical shock Student long hair was caught in a lathe and she died due to asphyxia from neck compression. (Students Location

Ohta, Shigemi

127

Revitalizing Nuclear Safety Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers the general issues involved in nuclear safety research and points out the areas needing detailed consideration. Topics included are: (1) "Principles of Nuclear Safety Research" (examining who should fund, who should conduct, and who should set the agenda for nuclear safety research); (2) "Elements of a Future Agenda for Nuclear…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

128

Health, Safety & Wellbeing Policy  

E-print Network

Health, Safety & Wellbeing Policy Statement The University of Glasgow is one of the four oldest our very best to minimise the risk to the health, safety and wellbeing of staff, students, researchers resource and our students as our valued customers and partners. We acknowledge health and safety as a core

Mottram, Nigel

129

Fire Safety January 2011  

E-print Network

1 Fire Safety PROCEDURES January 2011 firesafety@uwo.ca Campus Phones ­ EMERGENCY ­ Dial 911 Fire Safety Service is the focal point for the coordinated administration of the University Fire Safety program and plans, and is the University's representative in contacts dealing with all aspects of Fire

Lennard, William N.

130

Environmental Health & Safety  

E-print Network

Environmental Health & Safety Sub Department Name 480 Oak Rd, Stanford, CA 94305 T 650.723.0448 F 650.725.3468 DEPUTY DIRECTOR, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY Exempt, Full-Time (100% FTE) Posted May 1, 2014 The Department of Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) at Stanford University seeks

131

School Bus Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Equipment to allow safe transportation of disabled children is reviewed. Such equipment includes infant car seats, child safety seats, safety vests, and accommodations for children in casts and/or braces. Five principles for evaluation and selection of safe seating options are given as are safety rules and information on standards and resources.…

Stroup, Karen Bruner; And Others

1991-01-01

132

Holiday Health Safety Tips  

E-print Network

Holiday Health and Safety Tips Holiday Health and Safety Tips The holidays are a time to celebrate of health and safety to yourself and others by following these holiday tips. 1Wash your hands often. Keeping, give thanks, and reflect. They are also a time to pay special attention to your health. Give the gift

Seldin, Jonathan P.

133

Demonstrating Usability and Safety  

E-print Network

Engineering Family Medicine Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety University of Wisconsin IT and Patient Safety: Building Safer Systems for Better Care "Design-induced errors in the use of medical is going on with the patient, which influences diagnosis and treatment #12;In safety critical environments

134

EHS Online Safety Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from Oklahoma State University provides access to a number of occupational safety modules. All modules are available to view online, and some include PowerPoint or Microsoft Word documents as well. Topics include electrical safety, lockout/tagout, safety data sheets, asbestos and bloodborne pathogens.

135

Annual Fire Safety Report  

E-print Network

2010 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Irvine HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current or perspective students and employees be reported publish an annual fire safety report, keep a fire log, and report fire statistics to the Secretary

Loudon, Catherine

136

BIOLOGICAL SAFETY TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-print Network

METHODS..............................................15 1 #12;9.0 BIOLOGICAL SAFETY CABINETS: BIOLOGICAL SAFETY CABINETS...................16 9.3 CLASS I OF BIOLOGICAL SAFETY CABINETS.................19 9.8 CLASS I BIOLOGICAL SAFETY CABINET

O'Toole, Alice J.

137

Radiation Safety (Revised March 2010)  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Manual (Revised March 2010) Updated December 2012 Stanford University, Stanford California #12; #12; Radiation Safety Manual (Revised March 2010) Updated Environmental Health and Safety, Stanford University, Stanford California #12; CREDITS This Radiation Safety

Kay, Mark A.

138

Safety and IVHM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When we address safety in a book on the business case for IVHM, the question arises whether safety isn t inherently in conflict with the need of operators to run their systems as efficiently (and as cost effectively) as possible. The answer may be that the system needs to be just as safe as needed, but not significantly more. That begs the next question: How safe is safe enough? Several regulatory bodies provide guidelines for operational safety, but irrespective of that, operators do not want their systems to be known as lacking safety. We illuminate the role of safety within the context of IVHM.

Goebel, Kai

2012-01-01

139

Science Education Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Downloadable guides published by the Council of State Science Supervisors (CSSS) that provide information on laboratory safety practices in elementary and secondary schools. Topics include legal issues, the purchase, storage, and disposal of chemicals, chemical hygiene, and response to spills or accidents. There is also information on the use of plants or animals in the lab, protective equipment, laboratory layouts, glassware and electricity precautions, field-trip safety, and other topics. The site also includes a science safety checklist, recommendations for general lab safety, and links to safety information from other websites.

140

Safety-net hospitals.  

PubMed

Vulnerable populations, who have difficulty accessing the health care system, primarily receive their medical care from hospitals. Policy makers have struggled to ensure the survival of "safety-net hospitals," hospitals that provide a disproportionate share of care to these patient populations. The objective of this article is to develop measures to guide analysis and policy for urban safety-net hospitals. The authors developed three safety-net measures: the socioeconomic status of hospital service area, Medicaid intensity, and uncompensated care burden and its market share. Cluster analysis was used to identify break points that distinguish a safety-net hospital from a non-safety-net hospital. The measures developed were stable and independent, but a data-driven binary assignment of hospitals to a "safety-net" category was not supported. These analyses call into question the empirical basis for distinguishing a specific group of hospitals as safety-net hospitals. PMID:18640951

Zwanziger, Jack; Khan, Nasreen

2008-08-01

141

Safety and the Human Factor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four elements of safety programs: (1) safety training; (2) safety inspections; (3) accident investigations; and (4) protective safety equipment. Also discusses safety considerations in water/wastewater treatment facilities focusing on falls, drowning hazards, trickling filters, confined space entry, collection/distribution system safety,…

Smith, Ann

1982-01-01

142

Environmental Health Safety & Business Services  

E-print Network

White, Assistant Director, Lab Safety Manager, EHS Mark Pace, Fire Marshal, Fire & Life Safety Manager, Safety Technician, EHS Derrick Neal, Safety Technician, EHS Ann Pho, Lab Safety Technician, EHS ReyEnvironmental Health Safety & Business Services Informal Centers of Excellence Environmental

O'Toole, Alice J.

143

Safety Manual Prepared by the  

E-print Network

reading room and in each lab or http://www.ehs.uconn.edu/chemplan.html The Materials Safety Data SheetsIMS Safety Manual Prepared by the IMS Safety Committee January 1991 (revised 1/2009) Institute 2 Introduction 3 IMS Laboratory Safety Reporting Policy 4 IMS Safety Committee 5 Fire Safety

Alpay, S. Pamir

144

Missouri Elementary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. Information on general laboratory safety, science equipment safety, safety with plants, safety with animals, safety with chemicals, field…

Lemons, Judith L.

145

NASA Safety Manual. Volume 3: System Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Volume 3 of the NASA Safety Manual sets forth the basic elements and techniques for managing a system safety program and the technical methods recommended for use in developing a risk evaluation program that is oriented to the identification of hazards in aerospace hardware systems and the development of residual risk management information for the program manager that is based on the hazards identified. The methods and techniques described in this volume are in consonance with the requirements set forth in NHB 1700.1 (VI), Chapter 3. This volume and future volumes of the NASA Safety Manual shall not be rewritten, reprinted, or reproduced in any manner. Installation implementing procedures, if necessary, shall be inserted as page supplements in accordance with the provisions of Appendix A. No portion of this volume or future volumes of the NASA Safety Manual shall be invoked in contracts.

1970-01-01

146

Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Safety & Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... Electrical Safety (Injury) Engineering Controls Equipment Design in Mining Ergonomic Interventions in the Building, Repair, and Dismantling ... Emergency Preparedness & Response Publications and Products NIOSH Programs Data & Statistics About NIOSH Grants & Funding Training & Workforce Development ...

147

Traceability of Software Safety Requirements in Legacy Safety Critical Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

How can traceability of software safety requirements be created for legacy safety critical systems? Requirements in safety standards are imposed most times during contract negotiations. On the other hand, there are instances where safety standards are levied on legacy safety critical systems, some of which may be considered for reuse for new applications. Safety standards often specify that software development documentation include process-oriented and technical safety requirements, and also require that system and software safety analyses are performed supporting technical safety requirements implementation. So what can be done if the requisite documents for establishing and maintaining safety requirements traceability are not available?

Hill, Janice L.

2007-01-01

148

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves  

E-print Network

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves at an unsafe speed · Failure to check mirrors often Fleet Safety: Backing Accidents Safety Tip #2 Accidents hurt-- safety doesn't. All backing accidents are preventable. The key is to plan ahead to avoid backing

Minnesota, University of

149

[Patient safety in Sweden].  

PubMed

This article describes the patient safety work in Sweden and the cooperation between the Nordic countries in the area of patient safety. It depicts the national infrastructure, methods and partners in patient safety work as well as the development in key areas. Since 2000, the interest in patient safety and quality issues has significantly increased. A national study (2009) showed that more than 100,000 patients (8.6?%) experienced preventable harm in hospitals. Since 2007, all Swedish counties and regions work on the "National commitment for increased patient safety" to systematically minimize adverse events in the healthcare system. Also, a national strategy for patient safety has been proposed based on a new law regulating the responsibility for patient safety (2011) and a zero vision in terms of preventable harm and adverse events. The Nordic collaboration in this field currently focuses on the development of indicators and quality measurement with respect to nosocomial infections, harm in inpatient somatic care, patient safety culture, hospital mortality and polypharmacy in the elderly. The Nordic collaboration is driven by the development, exchange and documentation of experiences and evidence on patient safety indicators. The work presented in this article is only a part of the Swedish and the Nordic efforts related to patient safety and provides an interesting insight into how this work can be carried out. PMID:25430735

Rutberg, H; Eckhardt, M; Biermann, O

2015-01-01

150

Principles of Safety Pharmacology  

PubMed Central

Safety Pharmacology is a rapidly developing discipline that uses the basic principles of pharmacology in a regulatory-driven process to generate data to inform risk/benefit assessment. The aim of Safety Pharmacology is to characterize the pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) relationship of a drug's adverse effects using continuously evolving methodology. Unlike toxicology, Safety Pharmacology includes within its remit a regulatory requirement to predict the risk of rare lethal events. This gives Safety Pharmacology its unique character. The key issues for Safety Pharmacology are detection of an adverse effect liability, projection of the data into safety margin calculation and finally clinical safety monitoring. This article sets out to explain the drivers for Safety Pharmacology so that the wider pharmacology community is better placed to understand the discipline. It concludes with a summary of principles that may help inform future resolution of unmet needs (especially establishing model validation for accurate risk assessment). Subsequent articles in this issue of the journal address specific aspects of Safety Pharmacology to explore the issues of model choice, the burden of proof and to highlight areas of intensive activity (such as testing for drug-induced rare event liability, and the challenge of testing the safety of so-called biologics (antibodies, gene therapy and so on.). PMID:18604233

Pugsley, M K; Authier, S; Curtis, M J

2008-01-01

151

Resolving conflicting safety cultures  

SciTech Connect

Several nuclear power plant sites have been wounded in the crossfire between two distinct corporate cultures. The traditional utility culture lies on one side and that of the nuclear navy on the other. The two corporate cultures lead to different perceptions of [open quotes]safety culture.[close quotes] This clash of safety cultures obscures a very important point about nuclear plant operations: Safety depends on organizational learning. Organizational learning provides the foundation for a perception of safety culture that transcends the conflict between utility and nuclear navy cultures. Corporate culture may be defined as the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs shared by employees of a given company. Safety culture is the part of corporate culture concerning shared attitudes and beliefs affecting individual or public safety. If the safety culture promotes behaviors that lead to greater safety, employees will tend to [open quotes]do the right thing[close quotes] even when circumstances and formal guidance alone do not ensure that actions will be correct. Safety culture has become particularly important to nuclear plant owners and regulators as they have sought to establish and maintain a high level of safety in today's plants.

Slider, J.E. (Slider Associates, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)); Patterson, M. (SCIENTECH, Rockville, MD (United States))

1993-01-01

152

Principles of safety pharmacology.  

PubMed

Safety Pharmacology is a rapidly developing discipline that uses the basic principles of pharmacology in a regulatory-driven process to generate data to inform risk/benefit assessment. The aim of Safety Pharmacology is to characterize the pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) relationship of a drug's adverse effects using continuously evolving methodology. Unlike toxicology, Safety Pharmacology includes within its remit a regulatory requirement to predict the risk of rare lethal events. This gives Safety Pharmacology its unique character. The key issues for Safety Pharmacology are detection of an adverse effect liability, projection of the data into safety margin calculation and finally clinical safety monitoring. This article sets out to explain the drivers for Safety Pharmacology so that the wider pharmacology community is better placed to understand the discipline. It concludes with a summary of principles that may help inform future resolution of unmet needs (especially establishing model validation for accurate risk assessment). Subsequent articles in this issue of the journal address specific aspects of Safety Pharmacology to explore the issues of model choice, the burden of proof and to highlight areas of intensive activity (such as testing for drug-induced rare event liability, and the challenge of testing the safety of so-called biologics (antibodies, gene therapy and so on.). PMID:18604233

Pugsley, M K; Authier, S; Curtis, M J

2008-08-01

153

Traffic signal design and simulation for vulnerable road users safety and bus preemption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mostly, pedestrian car accidents occurred at a signalized interaction is because pedestrians cannot across the intersection safely within the green light. From the viewpoint of pedestrian, there might have two reasons. The first one is pedestrians cannot speed up to across the intersection, such as the elders. The other reason is pedestrians do not sense that the signal phase is going to change and their right-of-way is going to be lost. Developing signal logic to protect pedestrian, who is crossing an intersection is the first purpose of this study. In addition, to improve the reliability and reduce delay of public transportation service is the second purpose. Therefore, bus preemption is also considered in the designed signal logic. In this study, the traffic data of the intersection of Chong-Qing North Road and Min-Zu West Road, Taipei, Taiwan, is employed to calibrate and validate the signal logic by simulation. VISSIM 5.20, which is a microscopic traffic simulation software, is employed to simulate the signal logic. From the simulated results, the signal logic presented in this study can protect pedestrians crossing the intersection successfully. The design of bus preemption can reduce the average delay. However, the pedestrian safety and bus preemption signal will influence the average delay of cars largely. Thus, whether applying the pedestrian safety and bus preemption signal logic to an intersection or not should be evaluated carefully.

Lo, Shih-Ching; Huang, Hsieh-Chu

2015-01-01

154

Hydrogen Technologies Safety Guide  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this guide is to provide basic background information on hydrogen technologies. It is intended to provide project developers, code officials, and other interested parties the background information to be able to put hydrogen safety in context. For example, code officials reviewing permit applications for hydrogen projects will get an understanding of the industrial history of hydrogen, basic safety concerns, and safety requirements.

Rivkin, C.; Burgess, R.; Buttner, W.

2015-01-01

155

Laser Safety Inspection Criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

A responsibility of the Laser Safety Officer (LSO) is to perform laser safety audits. The American National Standard Z136.1 Safe use of Lasers references this requirement in several sections: (1) Section 1.3.2 LSO Specific Responsibilities states under Hazard Evaluation, ''The LSO shall be responsible for hazards evaluation of laser work areas''; (2) Section 1.3.2.8, Safety Features Audits, ''The LSO shall

Barat

2005-01-01

156

Editor's Corner: Science Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With increasing emphasis on hands-on inquiry activities, teachers need to be as knowledgeable as possible about safety. Unfortunately, accidents in science classrooms are no exception! As a result, the theme of this issue of The Science Teacher (TST) is Science Safety. The Field Editor highlights several articles that address this theme and announces an ongoing "Spotlight on Safety" feature that will appear in upcoming issues of TST.

Steve Metz

2005-09-01

157

Thermal reactor safety  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented concerning new trends in licensing; seismic considerations and system structural behavior; TMI-2 risk assessment and thermal hydraulics; statistical assessment of potential accidents and verification of computational methods; issues with respect to improved safety; human factors in nuclear power plant operation; diagnostics and activities in support of recovery; LOCA transient analysis; unresolved safety issues and other safety considerations; and fission product transport.

Not Available

1980-06-01

158

SHIPBOARD LABORATORY SAFETY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

SHIPBOARD LABORATORY SAFETY PROGRAM INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM U.S. IMPLEMENTING ................................................................................................................................7 Other TAMU and SIEM Offshore Policies and Programs

159

Transport Safety Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Transportation Safety Research Centre conducts research on the causes of accidents and injuries in real world crashes. The Centre aims to "reduce traffic casualties and mitigate the broader impact of transport on society by conducting world-leading basic and applied research." The Key Interests section allows visitors to read more about the aspects of transportation safety investigated by the center, including road user behavior, infrastructure safety research, and road safety policy. Two publications are also available for download: "Feasibility study for equipment database and exposure data evaluation" and "Effectiveness of Electronic Stability Control Systems in Great Britain."

160

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the Panel's activities are presented in a set of findings and recommendations. Highlighted here are both improvements in NASA's safety and reliability activities and specific areas where additional gains might be realized. One area of particular concern involves the curtailment or elimination of Space Shuttle safety and reliability enhancements. Several findings and recommendations address this area of concern, reflecting the opinion that safety and reliability enhancements are essential to the continued successful operation of the Space Shuttle. It is recommended that a comprehensive and continuing program of safety and reliability improvements in all areas of Space Shuttle hardware/software be considered an inherent component of ongoing Space Shuttle operations.

1992-01-01

161

Aviation Safety + Security Program GLOBAL EXPERTS IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS  

E-print Network

Series 7 Contract Courses 9 Courses Aviation Safety Management Systems (ASMS) 10 Aircraft Accident2011- 2012 Aviation Safety + Security Program GLOBAL EXPERTS IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS of aviation safety. Endings signal new beginnings and new beginnings mean evolving challenges for safety

Wang, Hai

162

SEAS Safety Program SEAS SAFETY PROGRAM 2013-2014  

E-print Network

Support · Linn Eichler & Christie Gilliland Safety Inspection Support · Lab Safety Officers (~ 40 safety Provided to SEAS Research Labs · Annual Lab Safety Inspections · Report and Feedback from/after Lab to your lab group · Report incidents to SEAS safety committee · Attend annual lab inspection (SEAS + EHSEM

163

Aviation Safety + Security Program GLOBAL EXPERTS IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS  

E-print Network

2010- 2011 Aviation Safety + Security Program GLOBAL EXPERTS IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS that our core course, Aviation Safety Management Systems, is so necessary in ensuring the safety nature of implementing the Safety Management Systems (SMS) covered by our curriculum; the ICAO has issued

Wang, Hai

164

Safety Logics I: Absolute Safety Zhisheng Huang and John Bell #  

E-print Network

medical safety­critical system would consider states in which the patient dies as a result of treatmentSafety Logics I: Absolute Safety Zhisheng Huang and John Bell # Applied Logic Group Department}@dcs.qmw.ac.uk Abstract In this paper we distinguish between absolute safety and normative safety, and develop a formal

Huang, Zhisheng

165

Pedestrian signalization and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions in Lima, Peru.  

PubMed

Safe walking environments are essential for protecting pedestrians and promoting physical activity. In Peru, pedestrians comprise over three-quarters of road fatality victims. Pedestrian signalization plays an important role managing pedestrian and vehicle traffic and may help improve pedestrian safety. We examined the relationship between pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions and the presence of visible traffic signals, pedestrian signals, and signal timing to determine whether these countermeasures improved pedestrian safety. A matched case-control design was used where the units of study were crossing locations. We randomly sampled 97 control-matched collisions (weighted N=1134) at intersections occurring from October, 2010 to January, 2011 in Lima. Each case-control pair was matched on proximity, street classification, and number of lanes. Sites were visited between February, 2011 and September, 2011. Each analysis accounted for sampling weight and matching and was adjusted for vehicle and pedestrian traffic flow, crossing width, and mean vehicle speed. Collisions were more common where a phased pedestrian signal (green or red-light signal) was present compared to no signalization (odds ratio [OR] 8.88, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.32-59.6). A longer pedestrian-specific signal duration was associated with collision risk (OR 5.31, 95% CI 1.02-9.60 per 15-s interval). Collisions occurred more commonly in the presence of any signalization visible to pedestrians or pedestrian-specific signalization, though these associations were not statistically significant. Signalization efforts were not associated with lower risk for pedestrians; rather, they were associated with an increased risk of pedestrian-vehicle collisions. PMID:24821630

Quistberg, D Alex; Koepsell, Thomas D; Boyle, Linda Ng; Miranda, J Jaime; Johnston, Brian D; Ebel, Beth E

2014-09-01

166

Experimental investigation of active adaptability of the SMArt (SMA reseTtable) dual-chamber pneumatic lift device for pedestrian protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid urbanization of the world has led to an increase in pedestrian involvement in automotive crashes, prompting some countries to establish pedestrian regulations. A promising approach to address pedestrian safety is the use of active lift devices to raise the hood upon detection of a pedestrian impact, thereby increasing the crush distance between the hood and vehicle hard points

James Otten; Jonathan Luntz; Diann Brei; Kenneth A. Strom; Alan L. Browne; Nancy L. Johnson

2008-01-01

167

Car manufacturers and global road safety: a word frequency analysis of road safety documents  

PubMed Central

Objective The World Bank believes that the car manufacturers can make a valuable contribution to road safety in poor countries and has established the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) for this purpose. However, some commentators are sceptical. The authors examined road safety policy documents to assess the extent of any bias. Design Word frequency analyses of road safety policy documents from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the GRSP. Main outcome measures The relative occurrence of key road safety terms was quantified by calculating a word prevalence ratio with 95% confidence intervals. Terms for which there was a fourfold difference in prevalence between the documents were tabulated. Results Compared to WHO's World report on road traffic injury prevention, the GRSP road safety documents were substantially less likely to use the words speed, speed limits, child restraint, pedestrian, public transport, walking, and cycling, but substantially more likely to use the words school, campaign, driver training, and billboard. Conclusions There are important differences in emphasis in road safety policy documents prepared by WHO and the GRSP. Vigilance is needed to ensure that the road safety interventions that the car industry supports are based on sound evidence of effectiveness. PMID:17018674

Roberts, I; Wentz, R; Edwards, P

2006-01-01

168

A Silent Safety Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) referred 8 times to the NASA "Silent Safety Program." This term, "Silent Safety Program" was not an original observation but first appeared in the Rogers Commission's Investigation of the Challenger Mishap. The CAIB on page 183 of its report in the paragraph titled 'Encouraging Minority Opinion,' stated "The Naval Reactor Program encourages minority opinions and "bad news." Leaders continually emphasize that when no minority opinions are present, the responsibility for a thorough and critical examination falls to management. . . Board interviews revealed that it is difficult for minority and dissenting opinions to percolate up through the agency's hierarchy. . ." The first question and perhaps the only question is - what is a silent safety program? Well, a silent safety program may be the same as the dog that didn't bark in Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of the Silver Blaze" because system safety should behave as a devil's advocate for the program barking on every occasion to insure a critical review inclusion. This paper evaluates the NASA safety program and provides suggestions to prevent the recurrence of the silent safety program alluded to in the Challenger Mishap Investigation. Specifically targeted in the CAM report, "The checks and balances the safety system was meant to provide were not working." A silent system safety program is not unique to NASA but could emerge in any and every organization. Principles developed by Irving Janis in his book, Groupthink, listed criteria used to evaluate an organization's cultural attributes that allows a silent safety program to evolve. If evidence validates Jams's criteria, then Jams's recommendations for preventing groupthink can also be used to improve a critical evaluation and thus prevent the development of a silent safety program.

Goodin, James Ronald

2006-01-01

169

Toolbox Safety Talk Formaldehyde Awareness  

E-print Network

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Contact EHS @ 255-8200 for any further questions, to request training return sign-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Date:____________________ StartToolbox Safety Talk Formaldehyde Awareness Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health

Pawlowski, Wojtek

170

SEAS LABORATORY SAFETY OFFICER ORIENTATION  

E-print Network

/EH&S and lab · Communicate with lab members and PI · Get support from EH&S, ESCO and safety committees "The problems, and implement the safety program." SEAS Lab Safety Program Lab Safety Officer #12;· Attend monthly SEAS Safety Committee meetings · Assist in peer inspections and EH&S lab inspections · Inspect

171

Environmental Health and Safety Department  

E-print Network

://www.usg.edu/ehs/training/chemical/ #12;CHEMICAL SAFETY Basic Lab Safety ­ Required (1.5 hrs) All persons workinEnvironmental Health and Safety Department New Hire Safety Orientation #12;EHS FUNCTION The Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Office at Georgia Tech develops programs and provides oversight

172

National Chemistry Teacher Safety Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the status of secondary school instructional chemistry laboratory safety using a survey instrument which focused on Teacher background Information, Laboratory Safety Equipment, Facility Safety, General Safety, and a Safety Content Knowledge Survey. A fifty question survey instrument based on recent research and questions developed by the researcher was mailed to 500 secondary school chemistry teachers who participated

Barbra A. Plohocki

1998-01-01

173

10 CFR 70.62 - Safety program and integrated safety analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. 70.62 Section 70.62 Energy... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. (a) Safety program. ...safety information, integrated safety analysis, and management measures, are...

2011-01-01

174

10 CFR 70.62 - Safety program and integrated safety analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. 70.62 Section 70.62 Energy... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. (a) Safety program. ...safety information, integrated safety analysis, and management measures, are...

2012-01-01

175

10 CFR 70.62 - Safety program and integrated safety analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. 70.62 Section 70.62 Energy... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. (a) Safety program. ...safety information, integrated safety analysis, and management measures, are...

2013-01-01

176

10 CFR 70.62 - Safety program and integrated safety analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. 70.62 Section 70.62 Energy... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. (a) Safety program. ...safety information, integrated safety analysis, and management measures, are...

2010-01-01

177

10 CFR 70.62 - Safety program and integrated safety analysis.  

... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. 70.62 Section 70.62 Energy... Safety program and integrated safety analysis. (a) Safety program. ...safety information, integrated safety analysis, and management measures, are...

2014-01-01

178

The University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1965 by the North Carolina General Assembly, the Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC) is dedicated to improving "the safety, security, access and efficiency of all surface transportation modes through a balanced, interdisciplinary program of research, evaluation and information dissemination." Part of that information dissemination happens via this website, where visitors can find safety information, research reports, and their newsletter. New visitors should look at their "Safety Information" first. Here they will find helpful tips on bicycle safety, pedestrian safety, animal-vehicle crash information, and distracted and drowsy drivers. Moving on, the "Research Library" area contains selected full-text publications based on HSRC staff research, along with an exhaustive bibliography of previous papers from 1967 to 1990. Finally, visitors can also peruse their newsletter, which is published quarterly.

179

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY  

E-print Network

Workplace Health and Safety Laws and Regulations Disclosure of Information Fall Protection and Scaffolding Nuclear Safety and Control Act Radiation Emitting Devices Act Smoke-Free Places Act Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Regulation #12;A more comprehensive list of Federal, Provincial and Municipal laws

Brownstone, Rob

180

HYDROFLUORIC ACID Safety Office  

E-print Network

acids like Sulfuric and Hydrochloric. Hydrofluoric Acid is an acid like no other. It is so potentHYDROFLUORIC ACID SAFETY Safety Office University ofTennessee Space Institute Tullahoma, TN #12;What is Hydrofluoric Acid ? Hydrofluoric acid is a "weak" inorganic acid. Primarily used

Davis, Lloyd M.

181

Educating for Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance the chance for success in educating young drivers, there should be a balance between the content, structure, and goals of traffic safety programs and the normative rules governing young people's lives. Presents recommendations for safety education based on the notion of complementarity and using a multiperspective approach. (AF)

Rothe, J. Peter

1991-01-01

182

Materials Safety Data Sheets  

E-print Network

Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) MSDS contain chemical hazard information about substances compounds and solvents. MSDS data can be accessed from the following URLs http://www.ehs.umass.edu/ http://www.chem.umass.edu/Safety with which you work. It is the law that laboratory workers have access to MSDS on materials with which

Schweik, Charles M.

183

Radiological Safety Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written to be used concurrently with the U.S. Army's Radiological Safety Course, this publication discusses the causes, sources, and detection of nuclear radiation. In addition, the transportation and disposal of radioactive materials are covered. The report also deals with the safety precautions to be observed when working with lasers, microwave…

Army Ordnance Center and School, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.

184

Roads to Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that the level of safety built into roads is largely unpremeditated and that roads and highways are not as safe as they might be. Discusses practices, standards, and deficiencies in highway and traffic safety related to geometric design and traffic engineering. Recommends increased transportation engineering professionalism and public…

Hauer, Ezra

1991-01-01

185

Safety Precautions for Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety information is discussed and outlined in this guide. Areas include: (1) general laboratory safety rules; (2) general rules and guidelines for animals in the elementary classroom; (3) general guidelines for the physical sciences; (4) general rules for using animals in investigations, with specifics on the care and handling of mammals,…

Folks, John; And Others

186

Assessing safety management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, both academe and practitioners have tended to address fire safety by focusing on technical aspects and looking for the immediate causes of fire incidents or accidents after they have taken place. More recently, organisations have focused on assessing the consequences of the fire risk inherent in their operations pro-actively. However, fire safety still tends to be addressed in isolation,

Jaime Santos-Reyes; Alan N. Beard

2002-01-01

187

Electricity: Usage and Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 10:16 video considers use and safety regarding electricity. The video describes the fundamentals of electricity including how electricity travels from power plants to homes and businesses. This includes a basic discussion of circuits as well as safety measures typically included such as circuit breakers and grounding.         

2014-08-06

188

Public Safety Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criminal justice education faces numerous challenges concerning public safety education, terrorism and crisis intervention strategies. Global social change has countless implications for public safety, homeland security and disaster planning. The new frontier requires revisions in the current curriculum, mandating additional research, experimentation and technological applications. This paper explores advantages of applying critical thinking strategies and active learning scenarios. Curriculum instructional

Thomas E. Baker

2007-01-01

189

Safety Relies on Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most important challenges of a principal's day is that of building and maintaining a school culture that promotes safety and supports learning. So it should come as no surprise to experienced educators that school safety and positive school climate directly affect academic achievement. This article discusses how principals can build an…

Kinney, Patti

2009-01-01

190

School Safety and Security.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document offers additional guidelines for school facilities in California in the areas of safety and security, lighting, and cleanliness. It also offers a description of technology resources available on the World Wide Web. On the topic of safety and security, the document offers guidelines in the areas of entrances, doors, and controlled…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

191

Microbiological safety cabinetry.  

PubMed

This article presents a brief history of the safety cabinet, with emphasis on the Class II Laminar Flow Biological Safety Cabinet. The why, what, how, and when of cabinet operation, purchase, certification, HEPA filters, and cabinet working techniques are explained thoroughly. PMID:10263504

Kruse, R H

1983-09-01

192

Formalizing Probabilistic Safety Claims  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A safety claim for a system is a statement that the system, which is subject to hazardous conditions, satisfies a given set of properties. Following work by John Rushby and Bev Littlewood, this paper presents a mathematical framework that can be used to state and formally prove probabilistic safety claims. It also enables hazardous conditions, their uncertainties, and their interactions to be integrated into the safety claim. This framework provides a formal description of the probabilistic composition of an arbitrary number of hazardous conditions and their effects on system behavior. An example is given of a probabilistic safety claim for a conflict detection algorithm for aircraft in a 2D airspace. The motivation for developing this mathematical framework is that it can be used in an automated theorem prover to formally verify safety claims.

Herencia-Zapana, Heber; Hagen, George E.; Narkawicz, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

193

K Basin safety analysis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this accident safety analysis is to document in detail, analyses whose results were reported in summary form in the K Basins Safety Analysis Report WHC-SD-SNF-SAR-001. The safety analysis addressed the potential for release of radioactive and non-radioactive hazardous material located in the K Basins and their supporting facilities. The safety analysis covers the hazards associated with normal K Basin fuel storage and handling operations, fuel encapsulation, sludge encapsulation, and canister clean-up and disposal. After a review of the Criticality Safety Evaluation of the K Basin activities, the following postulated events were evaluated: Crane failure and casks dropped into loadout pit; Design basis earthquake; Hypothetical loss of basin water accident analysis; Combustion of uranium fuel following dryout; Crane failure and cask dropped onto floor of transfer area; Spent ion exchange shipment for burial; Hydrogen deflagration in ion exchange modules and filters; Release of Chlorine; Power availability and reliability; and Ashfall.

Porten, D.R.; Crowe, R.D.

1994-12-16

194

Patient Safety Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Network (PSNet) website contains recent news and resources to provide those studying to be in the medical profession and for those currently in the medical field. Resources include an extensive glossary as well as a vast supply of articles from various periodicals. The site also contains numerous �Did You Know?� articles that include visual aids and citations. Articles can be sorted or browsed by target audience, resource type, clinical area, error type, safety target, approach to improving safety, and setting of care. Users have the ability to sign up for the weekly AHRQ Patient Safety Network and monthly AHRQ Web Morbidity and Mortality (WEBM&M) newsletters. Users may also sign up for a free account on the AHRQ Patient Safety Network website to receive e-mail alerts that match the users' interests.

195

Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Employee Safety  

E-print Network

in establishing safe practices through education and training, promoting good risk management practices Program 22 Medical Monitoring 23 Office Safety 23 Personal Protective Equipment 24 Table of Contents #12 nor subject them to avoidable risks of accidental injury. No employee will be required to perform any

de Lijser, Peter

196

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION  

E-print Network

-Alert Online Form, then select SFU Environmental Health & Safety Incident Report · Supervisors must also fill out a WCB (WorkSafeBC) Form 7 when an injured SFU employee requires medical aid or when the injury results in time loss from work (form is available at www.ehs.sfu.ca). · Send all reports to EHS

197

Scope on Safety: Safety and liability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to provide a level of awareness relative to liability, the NSTA Board charged a committee with the task of rewriting the NSTA Position Statement on Liability of Science Educators for Laboratory Safety. This article outlines four basic questions for teachers to consider prior to engaging in potentially dangerous science activities. They are based on the language found in the position statement.

Ken Roy

2008-10-01

198

Laboratory Safety Certificate Course Completion Form  

E-print Network

is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab of this document is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/lab-research-safety/chemical-safety/lab-safety-certificate-program/Documents/Lab

Pawlowski, Wojtek

199

Expansion of Vocational-Technical School Programs to Accommodate Highway Safety Manpower Requirements. Volume IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final volume of a four-volume study considers the need for personnel for traffic control, police traffic services, pedestrian safety, school bus safety, and debris hazard control and cleanup. Training requirements to meet national objectives are discussed, in terms of curriculum, staffing, student recruitment, facilities, equipment and…

Daugherty, Ronald D.; And Others

200

Thirty Year Review of Safety Skill Instruction for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review synthesizes the empirical literature (1976-2006) focusing on teaching personal safety skills to persons with intellectual disabilities. Thirty-six investigations were identified which provided information on six areas of instruction: (a) pedestrian/street crossing safety; (b) home accident prevention; (c) application of first aid…

Mechling, Linda C.

2008-01-01

201

Radiation Safety Program Annual Review  

E-print Network

1 Radiation Safety Program Annual Review Calendar Year 2010 Prepared by: Karen Janiga, MS Radiation.................................................................................................3 MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT OF THE RADIATION SAFETY/LASER SAFETY PROGRAMS .............3 LICENSE RENEWAL /AMENDMENTS/UPDATES .........................................................................4 RADIATION

Lyubomirsky, Ilya

202

Federally Listed Patient Safety Organizations  

MedlinePLUS

... Us Espańol FAQ Email Updates Search ahrq.gov Patient Safety Organization (PSO) Program Main menu Home Listed PSOs ... Continued Listing Certification Change of Listing Information Resources Patient Safety Act Patient Safety Rule Notice of 2008 Proposed ...

203

Patient Safety Threat - Syringe Reuse  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . Injection Safety Share Compartir A Patient Safety Threat – Syringe Reuse Important Information! Please read this ... References Information for Patients FAQs for Patients A Patient Safety Threat - Syringe Reuse Preventing Unsafe Injection Practices Safe ...

204

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

working at the lab must comply with the requirements of Pub 3000, Chapter 8, Electrical Safety_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program EHS 246 ~ Electrical Safety for Guests and Visitors Course Syllabus Subject Category: Electrical

205

Young Worker Safety and Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety & Health Topics NIOSH Share Compartir YOUNG WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH In 2013, there were approximately 18. ... U.S. and Canadian Series of Symposia Young Worker Safety and Health Reports and Publications Teacher Resources Charts ...

206

Optimization of passenger car design for the mitigation of pedestrian head injury using a genetic algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of pedestrian injury is a significant one throughout the world. In 2001, there were 4724 pedestrian fatalities in Europe and 4882 in the US. Significant advances have been made by automotive safety researchers and vehicle manufacturers to address this issue with respect to the design of vehicles, but the complex nature of pedestrian accident scenarios has resulted in

Emma Carter; Steve Ebdon; Clive Neal-Sturgess

2005-01-01

207

NASA's Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft (manned or unmanned) launched that did not have a computer on board that provided vital command and control services. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Led by the NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard (STD-18l9.13B) has recently undergone a significant update in an attempt to provide that consistency. This paper will discuss the key features of the new NASA Software Safety Standard. It will start with a brief history of the use and development of software in safety critical applications at NASA. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Working Group and the approach it took to revise the software engineering process across the Agency.

Ramsay, Christopher M.

2005-01-01

208

The development of an automatic method of safety monitoring at Pelican crossings.  

PubMed

This paper reports on the development of a method for automatic monitoring of safety at Pelican crossings. Historically, safety monitoring has typically been carried out using accident data, though given the rarity of such events it is difficult to quickly detect change in accident risk at a particular site. An alternative indicator sometimes used is traffic conflicts, though this data can be time consuming and expensive to collect. The method developed in this paper uses vehicle speeds and decelerations collected using standard in situ loops and tubes, to determine conflicts using vehicle decelerations and to assess the possibility of automatic safety monitoring at Pelican crossings. Information on signal settings, driver crossing behaviour, pedestrian crossing behaviour and delays, and pedestrian-vehicle conflicts was collected synchronously through a combination of direct observation, video analysis, and analysis of output from tube and loop detectors. Models were developed to predict safety, i.e. pedestrian-vehicle conflicts using vehicle speeds and decelerations. PMID:15919048

Malkhamah, Siti; Tight, Miles; Montgomery, Frank

2005-09-01

209

Environmental, safety, and health engineering  

SciTech Connect

A complete guide to environmental, safety, and health engineering, including an overview of EPA and OSHA regulations; principles of environmental engineering, including pollution prevention, waste and wastewater treatment and disposal, environmental statistics, air emissions and abatement engineering, and hazardous waste storage and containment; principles of safety engineering, including safety management, equipment safety, fire and life safety, process and system safety, confined space safety, and construction safety; and principles of industrial hygiene/occupational health engineering including chemical hazard assessment, personal protective equipment, industrial ventilation, ionizing and nonionizing radiation, noise, and ergonomics.

Woodside, G.; Kocurek, D.

1997-12-31

210

Patient Safety in Surgery  

PubMed Central

Background: Improving patient safety is an increasing priority for surgeons and hospitals since sentinel events can be catastrophic for patients, caregivers, and institutions. Patient safety initiatives aimed at creating a safe operating room (OR) culture are increasingly being adopted, but a reliable means of measuring their impact on front-line providers does not exist. Methods: We developed a surgery-specific safety questionnaire (SAQ) and administered it to 2769 eligible caregivers at 60 hospitals. Survey questions included the appropriateness of handling medical errors, knowledge of reporting systems, and perceptions of safety in the operating room. MANOVA and ANOVA were performed to compare safety results by hospital and by an individual's position in the OR using a composite score. Multilevel confirmatory factor analysis was performed to validate the structure of the scale at the operating room level of analysis. Results: The overall response rate was 77.1% (2135 of 2769), with a range of 57% to 100%. Factor analysis of the survey items demonstrated high face validity and internal consistency (? = 0.76). The safety climate scale was robust and internally consistent overall and across positions. Scores varied widely by hospital [MANOVA omnibus F (59, 1910) = 3.85, P < 0.001], but not position [ANOVA F (4, 1910) = 1.64, P = 0.16], surgeon (mean = 73.91), technician (mean = 70.26), anesthesiologist (mean = 71.57), CRNA (mean = 71.03), and nurse (mean = 70.40). The percent of respondents reporting good safety climate in each hospital ranged from 16.3% to 100%. Conclusions: Safety climate in surgical departments can be validly measured and varies widely among hospitals, providing the opportunity to benchmark performance. Scores on the SAQ can serve to evaluate interventions to improve patient safety. PMID:16632997

Makary, Martin A.; Sexton, J Bryan; Freischlag, Julie A.; Millman, E Anne; Pryor, David; Holzmueller, Christine; Pronovost, Peter J.

2006-01-01

211

Making Sense of Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A teacher's most effective strategy for creating a safe lab environment is to train students to follow recommended safety procedures. Students who understand the reasons for the safety rules and the dangers of breaking the rules can assume responsibility for their actions and realize that one careless action can endanger the entire class. Cooperative learning activities allow students time to reflect on the implications of lab safety rules, and engage in inquiry-based science using a variety of mediums and instructional formats as described in this article.

Barrier, Regina

2005-09-01

212

Safety Panel Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this paper is to explore what resources are potentially available to safety panels and to provide some guidance on how to utilize those resources. While the examples used in this paper will concentrate on the Flight Equipment and Reliability Review Panel (FESRRP) and Extravehicular Activity (EVA) hardware that have come through that panel, as well as resources at Johnson Space Center, the paper will address how this applies to safety panels in general, and where possible cite examples for other safety panels.

Stewart, Christine E.

2008-01-01

213

Aircraft fire safety research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the past 15 years, very significant progress has been made toward enhancing aircraft fire safety in both normal and hostile (combat) operational environments. Most of the major aspects of the aircraft fire safety problem are touched upon here. The technology of aircraft fire protection, although not directly applicable in all cases to spacecraft fire scenarios, nevertheless does provide a solid foundation to build upon. This is particularly true of the extensive research and testing pertaining to aircraft interior fire safety and to onboard inert gas generation systems, both of which are still active areas of investigation.

Botteri, Benito P.

1987-01-01

214

Hierarchical Safety Cases  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We introduce hierarchical safety cases (or hicases) as a technique to overcome some of the difficulties that arise creating and maintaining industrial-size safety cases. Our approach extends the existing Goal Structuring Notation with abstraction structures, which allow the safety case to be viewed at different levels of detail. We motivate hicases and give a mathematical account of them as well as an intuition, relating them to other related concepts. We give a second definition which corresponds closely to our implementation of hicases in the AdvoCATE Assurance Case Editor and prove the correspondence between the two. Finally, we suggest areas of future enhancement, both theoretically and practically.

Denney, Ewen W.; Whiteside, Iain J.

2012-01-01

215

Relationship of safety culture and process safety.  

PubMed

Throughout history, humans have gathered in groups for social, religious, and industrial purposes. As the conglomeration of people interact, a set of underlying values, beliefs, and principles begins to develop that serve to guide behavior within the group. These "guidelines" are commonly referred to as the group culture. Modern-day organizations, including corporations, have developed their own unique cultures derived from the diversity of the organizational interests and the background of the employees. Safety culture, a sub-set of organizational culture, has been a major focus in recent years. This is especially true in the chemical industry due to the series of preventable, safety-related disasters that occurred in the late seventies and eighties. Some of the most notable disasters, during this time period, occurred at Bhopal, Flixborough, and Seveso. However, current events, like the September 11th terrorist attacks and the disintegration of the Columbia shuttle, have caused an assessment of safety culture in a variety of other organizations. PMID:16314040

Olive, Claire; O'Connor, T Michael; Mannan, M Sam

2006-03-17

216

UTSI Safety Manual Reference to corresponding UT System Safety Policies  

E-print Network

Emergency Management SA0300 Ionizing Radiation Safety SA0400 Hazardous Material Safety SA0450 Biological-5 Infectious Disease Control Plan 17-18 UTSI-0200 Emergency Management 19 UTSI-0200-1 Emergency Preparedness 20-25 UTSI-0300 Radiation Safety 26 UTSI-0400 Hazardous Material Safety 27 UTSI-0400-1 Hazardous Material

Davis, Lloyd M.

217

Occupational Hygiene & Chemical Safety Division Department of Environmental Health & Safety  

E-print Network

to Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) prior to using it. EXPOSURE CONTROLS Engineering Controls Always use/Isoflurane.pdf 2. Material Safety Data Sheet ­ Halocarbon http://www.halocarbon.com/halocarbon_media/Isoflurane_288Occupational Hygiene & Chemical Safety Division Department of Environmental Health & Safety Risk

Machel, Hans

218

Occupational Hygiene & Chemical Safety Division Department of Environmental Health & Safety  

E-print Network

the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) prior to working with EtBr. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1. Where possibleOccupational Hygiene & Chemical Safety Division Department of Environmental Health & Safety RiskG 2V2 Tel: 780.492-6888 Fax: 780.492.7790 1 | P a g e Ethidium Bromide ­ Fact Sheet Ethidium Bromide

Machel, Hans

219

Health and Safety Policy Statement4 Health and Safety Policy  

E-print Network

Health and Safety Policy Statement4 Health and Safety Policy Statement UnIVERSITY OF LEEDS-based health and safety management system and workplace health framework, and by allocating the resources as a minimum l the development of a health and safety management framework based upon the University protocols

Haase, Markus

220

Radiation Safety Training Basic Radiation Safety Training for  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Training Basic Radiation Safety Training for X-ray Users for Physics 461 & 462 Modern Physics Laboratory Spring 2007 #12;#12;Radiation Safety Department, University of Tennessee Protocol Title: Basic Radiation Safety Training for X-ray Users Drafted By: Chris Millsaps, RSS Reviewers

Dai, Pengcheng

221

Radiation Safety Training Basic Radiation Safety Training for  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Training Basic Radiation Safety Training for Sealed Source Users for Physics 461 & 462 Modern Physics Laboratory Spring 2007 #12;Radiation Safety Department, University of Tennessee Purpose: To provide basic radiation safety training to the users of sealed sources located

Dai, Pengcheng

222

Radiation Safety Manual Dec 2012 Page 1 RADIATION SAFETY  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Manual ­ Dec 2012 Page 1 RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL For Columbia University NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital New York State Psychiatric Institute Barnard College December 2012 #12;Radiation Safety Manual ­ Dec 2012 Page 1 Table of Contents Introduction Chapter I: Radiation Safety Program A. Program

Grishok, Alla

223

Fire and Life Safety Program Environmental Health and Safety Services  

E-print Network

Fire and Life Safety Program Environmental Health and Safety Services Fire Safety Division 806 Walter James ­ CFPS, CFI September 24, 2008 1.2 Updated written program #12;FIRE & LIFE SAFETY PROGRAM........................................................................................... 2 2 2 2 2 Emergency Planning and Preparedness.................. Responding to a Fire Emergency

Zhang, Yuanlin

224

Safety Teams: An Approach to Engage Students in Laboratory Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed and implemented a yearlong safety program into our organic chemistry lab courses that aims to enhance student attitudes toward safety and to ensure students learn to recognize, demonstrate, and assess safe laboratory practices. This active, collaborative program involves the use of student "safety teams" and includes hands-on safety

Alaimo, Peter J.; Langenhan, Joseph M.; Tanner, Martha J.; Ferrenberg, Scott M.

2010-01-01

225

Safety management systems and safety culture in aircraft maintenance organisations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A self-regulatory model was proposed to examine how different organisations manage safety, with particular emphasis on the human and organisational aspects. The relationships of different aspects of safety culture and safety management systems were explored through the deployment of different research measures and methods. Studies of four aircraft maintenance organisations included analysis of documentation and qualitative interviews, surveys of safety

N McDonald; S Corrigan; C Daly; S Cromie

2000-01-01

226

Understanding Patient Safety Confidentiality  

MedlinePLUS

... care quality issues. To encourage the reporting and analysis of medical errors, PSQIA provides Federal privilege and ... information collected and created during the reporting and analysis of patient safety events. The confidentiality provisions will ...

227

Updated Lightning Safety Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes the recommendations of the Lightning Safety Group (LSG), which was first convened during the 1998 American Meteorological Society Conference. Findings outline appropriate actions under various circumstances when lightning threatens. (WRM)

Vavrek, R. James; Holle, Ronald L.; Lopez, Raul E.

1999-01-01

228

International radiation safety standards.  

PubMed

The system of international safety standards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is described with explanations as to the purpose of each level of the hierarchy. There is a system of committees that advise the IAEA and approve the safety standards and one of these committees is the Radiation Safety Standards Committee (RASSC). The Committee meets twice a year (the last meeting was 24-27 March 2003) and this note outlines the current situation with respect to published safety standards documents at the fundamentals, requirements and guides levels and the status of documents under development. Guidance on how to find more information and to keep up to date on the development of documents is provided. The forward plans of the IAEA in this area are discussed briefly. PMID:14582724

Webb, Geoffrey A M; Robinson, Ian F

2003-09-01

229

Parent's Firearm Safety Checklist  

MedlinePLUS

... Firearm Safety Checklist IN YOUR HOME ? Before you buy a gun, consider less dangerous ways to keep your family ... burglar alarms, window locks, dogs, etc. ? Don't buy a gun unless you have the necessary knowledge to use ...

230

Aerospace Operational Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center explains aerospace operational safety including contaminants and cleanliness. This three and a half minute video is one of the aerospace certification readiness courses.

2011-07-27

231

Governors Highway Safety Association  

MedlinePLUS

... occupant protection, impaired driving, and speeding. GHSA provides leadership and advocacy for the states and territories to improve traffic safety , influence national policy , enhance program management and promote best practices . What's New Ford DSFL ...

232

Mine Safety & Health Administration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1978 as a part of the United States Department of Labor, the Mine Safety & Health Administration (MSHA) is dedicated to "protecting miners' safety & health". On the MSHA homepage, visitors can make their way through sections that include "Highlights", "Online Tools", "Quick Links", and "Data Transparency at MSHA". In terms of getting an overview of their work, the "Highlights" area is a fine place to start. Here visitors can view press releases, informational studies, and links to safety regulations and mine evacuation procedures. The homepage also features a brief statistical portrait of the nation's mines in the "MSHA by the Numbers" area, along with basic information on fatalities in mines. On the right-hand side of the homepage visitors with more of a technical interest in the nation's mines will appreciate the inclusion of various reports on mine safety compliance and training modules.

233

Gun Safety (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC School Violence and the News Childproofing and Preventing Household Accidents ... Your Child Gun Safety Should You Worry About School Violence? Someone at School Has a Weapon. What Should ...

234

Older Consumers Safety Checklist  

MedlinePLUS

... get help if you fall. To help prevent fire deaths and injuries: • Install a smoke alarm in ... and all heat-producing appliances. • Practice an emergency fire escape plan. For more safety information, visit CPSC’s ...

235

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) provided oversight on the safety aspects of many NASA programs. In addition, ASAP undertook three special studies. At the request of the Administrator, the panel assessed the requirements for an assured crew return vehicle (ACRV) for the space station and reviewed the organization of the safety and mission quality function within NASA. At the behest of Congress, the panel formed an independent, ad hoc working group to examine the safety and reliability of the space shuttle main engine. Section 2 presents findings and recommendations. Section 3 consists of information in support of these findings and recommendations. Appendices A, B, C, and D, respectively, cover the panel membership, the NASA response to the findings and recommendations in the March 1992 report, a chronology of the panel's activities during the reporting period, and the entire ACRV study report.

1993-01-01

236

Organizational Culture and Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

'..only a fool perseveres in error.' Cicero. Humans will break the most advanced technological devices and override safety and security systems if they are given the latitude. Within the workplace, the operator may be just one of several factors in causing accidents or making risky decisions. Other variables considered for their involvement in the negative and often catastrophic outcomes include the organizational context and culture. Many organizations have constructed and implemented safety programs to be assimilated into their culture to assure employee commitment and understanding of the importance of everyday safety. The purpose of this paper is to examine literature on organizational safety cultures and programs that attempt to combat vulnerability, risk taking behavior and decisions and identify the role of training in attempting to mitigate unsafe acts.

Adams, Catherine A.

2003-01-01

237

NASA's Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft launched that does not have a computer on board that will provide command and control services. There have been recent incidents where software has played a role in high-profile mission failures and hazardous incidents. For example, the Mars Orbiter, Mars Polar Lander, the DART (Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology), and MER (Mars Exploration Rover) Spirit anomalies were all caused or contributed to by software. The Mission Control Centers for the Shuttle, ISS, and unmanned programs are highly dependant on software for data displays, analysis, and mission planning. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been little to no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Meanwhile, academia and private industry have been stepping forward with procedures and standards for safety critical systems and software, for example Dr. Nancy Leveson's book Safeware: System Safety and Computers. The NASA Software Safety Standard, originally published in 1997, was widely ignored due to its complexity and poor organization. It also focused on concepts rather than definite procedural requirements organized around a software project lifecycle. Led by NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard has recently undergone a significant update. This new standard provides the procedures and guidelines for evaluating a project for safety criticality and then lays out the minimum project lifecycle requirements to assure the software is created, operated, and maintained in the safest possible manner. This update of the standard clearly delineates the minimum set of software safety requirements for a project without detailing the implementation for those requirements. This allows the projects leeway to meet these requirements in many forms that best suit a particular project's needs and safety risk. In other words, it tells the project what to do, not how to do it. This update also incorporated advances in the state of the practice of software safety from academia and private industry. It addresses some of the more common issues now facing software developers in the NASA environment such as the use of Commercial-Off-the-Shelf Software (COTS), Modified OTS (MOTS), Government OTS (GOTS), and reused software. A team from across NASA developed the update and it has had both NASA-wide internal reviews by software engineering, quality, safety, and project management. It has also had expert external review. This presentation and paper will discuss the new NASA Software Safety Standard, its organization, and key features. It will start with a brief discussion of some NASA mission failures and incidents that had software as one of their root causes. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Safety Process. This will include an overview of the key personnel responsibilities and functions that must be performed for safety-critical software.

Ramsay, Christopher M.

2007-01-01

238

Injury Prevention and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... school, and classroom levels. Comprehensive results from SHPPS 2006 are published in the and Safety Journal of ... 66.2% in 2000 to 77.4% in 2006. 1 • The percentage of districts that required Percentage ...

239

Pesticide Safety Tips  

MedlinePLUS

Pesticide Safety Tips Resources Questions On Pesticides? National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) 1-800-858-7378 Although pesticides can be useful, they also can be dangerous if used carelessly ...

240

Air Bag Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Adult: 18-21 yrs. Healthy Living Nutrition Fitness Sports Oral Health Emotional Wellness Growing Healthy Safety & Prevention Immunizations Chickenpox ... Fight Tooth Decay Among Indigenous Children Tips for Sports Injury Prevention Health Care for Youth Behind Bars AAP Issues Booster ...

241

Chemistry Laboratory Safety Check  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An accident prevention/safety check list for chemistry laboratories is printed. Included are checks of equipment, facilities, storage and handling of chemicals, laboratory procedures, instruction procedures, and items to be excluded from chemical laboratories. (SL)

Patnoe, Richard L.

1976-01-01

242

Campus Fire Safety Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews information on recent college and university dormitory fire fatalities, and highlights five examples of building features reported to be major contributing factors in residence-hall fires. Explains how public awareness and expectations are affecting school dormitory safety. (GR)

Thompson, Mike

2001-01-01

243

Farm Safety (For Teens)  

MedlinePLUS

... that farms have to offer. Safety Around Farm Equipment and Machinery There are a number of appealing ... to ride along. Continue Tips for Safely Operating Equipment Here are some other tips for operating farm ...

244

Aerospace safety advisory panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report from the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) contains findings, recommendations, and supporting material concerning safety issues with the space station program, the space shuttle program, aeronautics research, and other NASA programs. Section two presents findings and recommendations, section three presents supporting information, and appendices contain data about the panel membership, the NASA response to the March 1993 ASAP report, and a chronology of the panel's activities during the past year.

1994-01-01

245

Alcohol and Aviation Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Although the incidence of alcohol-related fatal aviation accidents has shown large decreases over the years and is far below\\u000a the rate for highway vehicles, some pilots continue to fly while impaired by alcohol. A major safety study carried out by\\u000a the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)’ in 1984 examined fatal accidents during the period 1975-1981 and found no\\u000a major air

Leonard E. Ross; Susan M. Ross

246

Bear Spray Safety Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A bear spray safety program for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) was officially initiated by the Firearms Safety Committee to address accident prevention and to promote personnel training in bear spray and its transportation, storage, and use for defense against wild animals. Used as part of a system including firearms, or used alone for those who choose not to carry a firearm, bear spray is recognized as an effective tool that can prevent injury in a wild animal attack.

Blome, C.D.; Kuzniar, R.L.

2009-01-01

247

Autonomous Flight Safety System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Autonomous Flight Safety System (AFSS) is an independent self-contained subsystem mounted onboard a launch vehicle. AFSS has been developed by and is owned by the US Government. Autonomously makes flight termination/destruct decisions using configurable software-based rules implemented on redundant flight processors using data from redundant GPS/IMU navigation sensors. AFSS implements rules determined by the appropriate Range Safety officials.

Simpson, James

2010-01-01

248

Doneness Versus Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Doneness Versus Safety / Doneness Versus Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

249

Refrigeration and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Refrigeration and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

250

Fires and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Fires and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

251

Leftovers and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Leftovers and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

252

Software system safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software itself is not hazardous, but since software and hardware share common interfaces there is an opportunity for software to create hazards. Further, these software systems are complex, and proven methods for the design, analysis, and measurement of software safety are not yet available. Some past software failures, future NASA software trends, software engineering methods, and tools and techniques for various software safety analyses are reviewed. Recommendations to NASA are made based on this review.

Uber, James G.

1988-01-01

253

Autonomous Flight Safety System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Autonomous Flight Safety System (AFSS) is an independent flight safety system designed for small to medium sized expendable launch vehicles launching from or needing range safety protection while overlying relatively remote locations. AFSS replaces the need for a man-in-the-loop to make decisions for flight termination. AFSS could also serve as the prototype for an autonomous manned flight crew escape advisory system. AFSS utilizes onboard sensors and processors to emulate the human decision-making process using rule-based software logic and can dramatically reduce safety response time during critical launch phases. The Range Safety flight path nominal trajectory, its deviation allowances, limit zones and other flight safety rules are stored in the onboard computers. Position, velocity and attitude data obtained from onboard global positioning system (GPS) and inertial navigation system (INS) sensors are compared with these rules to determine the appropriate action to ensure that people and property are not jeopardized. The final system will be fully redundant and independent with multiple processors, sensors, and dead man switches to prevent inadvertent flight termination. AFSS is currently in Phase III which includes updated algorithms, integrated GPS/INS sensors, large scale simulation testing and initial aircraft flight testing.

Ferrell, Bob; Santuro, Steve; Simpson, James; Zoerner, Roger; Bull, Barton; Lanzi, Jim

2004-01-01

254

Safety Basis Report  

SciTech Connect

As part of the internal Integrated Safety Management Assessment verification process, it was determined that there was a lack of documentation that summarizes the safety basis of the current Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) site characterization activities. It was noted that a safety basis would make it possible to establish a technically justifiable graded approach to the implementation of the requirements identified in the Standards/Requirements Identification Document. The Standards/Requirements Identification Documents commit a facility to compliance with specific requirements and, together with the hazard baseline documentation, provide a technical basis for ensuring that the public and workers are protected. This Safety Basis Report has been developed to establish and document the safety basis of the current site characterization activities, establish and document the hazard baseline, and provide the technical basis for identifying structures, systems, and components (SSCs) that perform functions necessary to protect the public, the worker, and the environment from hazards unique to the YMP site characterization activities. This technical basis for identifying SSCs serves as a grading process for the implementation of programs such as Conduct of Operations (DOE Order 5480.19) and the Suspect/Counterfeit Items Program. In addition, this report provides a consolidated summary of the hazards analyses processes developed to support the design, construction, and operation of the YMP site characterization facilities and, therefore, provides a tool for evaluating the safety impacts of changes to the design and operation of the YMP site characterization activities.

R.J. Garrett

2002-01-14

255

Safety system status monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has studied the safety aspects of monitoring the preoperational status of safety systems in nuclear power plants. The goals of the study were to assess for the NRC the effectiveness of current monitoring systems and procedures, to develop near-term guidelines for reducing human errors associated with monitoring safety system status, and to recommend a regulatory position on this issue. A review of safety system status monitoring practices indicated that current systems and procedures do not adequately aid control room operators in monitoring safety system status. This is true even of some systems and procedures installed to meet existing regulatory guidelines (Regulatory Guide 1.47). In consequence, this report suggests acceptance criteria for meeting the functional requirements of an adequate system for monitoring safety system status. Also suggested are near-term guidelines that could reduce the likelihood of human errors in specific, high-priority status monitoring tasks. It is recommended that (1) Regulatory Guide 1.47 be revised to address these acceptance criteria, and (2) the revised Regulatory Guide 1.47 be applied to all plants, including those built since the issuance of the original Regulatory Guide.

Lewis, J.R.; Morgenstern, M.H.; Rideout, T.H.; Cowley, P.J.

1984-03-01

256

Ferrocyanide Safety Program: Safety criteria for ferrocyanide watch list tanks  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a technical basis for closing the ferrocyanide Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) at the Hanford Site. Three work efforts were performed in developing this technical basis. The efforts described herein are: 1. The formulation of criteria for ranking the relative safety of waste in each ferrocyanide tank. 2. The current classification of tanks into safety categories by comparing available information on tank contents with the safety criteria; 3. The identification of additional information required to resolve the ferrocyanide safety issue.

Postma, A.K.; Meacham, J.E.; Barney, G.S. [and others] [and others

1994-01-01

257

SAFETY ASSESSMENT & CERTIFICATION FOR UAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the certification process to gain clearance to operate in unsegregated airspace, new UASs will require a robust Safety Assessment process. The authors have looked at the civil manned aircraft safety assessment process defined in ARP 4761 and the safety certi fication process in ARP4754, as used to demonstrate compliance with EASA \\/ FAA safety target requirements, in

Andrew R Evans; Mark Nicholson

258

Toolbox Safety Talk Respiratory Protection  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Respiratory Protection Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Respiratory hazards in the workplace should be controlled are not feasible or do not provide sufficient protection, employees may need to utilize respiratory protection

Pawlowski, Wojtek

259

CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes  

E-print Network

lab safety specialist, replacing Sarah Greer. Tom will eventually be the lab safety manager. He and Russ Schaff are the EHS contact for lab safety questions. Daniel Edge-Garza asked for EHS' help. Schaffer summarized that OSHA and Washington State hold the PI or Lab Instructor responsible for safety

Collins, Gary S.

260

BERKELEY LAB'S SAFETY SPOT AWARD  

E-print Network

BERKELEY LAB'S SAFETY SPOT AWARD NOMINATION FORM Employee Name: Employee ID: Division: Department of accomplishment and will be assigned by the Safety Spot Award Committee. Values range from $25 to $150 in most: Please start with "This Safety Spot Award is in recognition of..." Nominated By: Date: Approved by Safety

Eisen, Michael

261

CAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes  

E-print Network

was centered primarily on lab safety as it was the most glaring example of a lack of safety trainingCAHNRS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes January 14, 2014 Present: Daniel Edge-Garza, Rick Rupp. Reports Rich Villa reported from the University Health & Safety Committee. There was a presentation from

Collins, Gary S.

262

Toolbox Safety Talk Chemical Labeling  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Chemical Labeling Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Cornell University and OSHA require all chemicals utilized, printed on, or attached to the immediate container of a hazardous chemical, or to the outside packaging

Pawlowski, Wojtek

263

NSTA Portal to Science Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Teachers Association's (NSTA) Science Safety Advisory Board recently launched the Safety in the Science Classroom portal. This portal serves as a gateway to safety resources for teachers, supervisors, and administrators. It also contains an evolving list of safety resources for elementary, middle, and high schools. The list…

Roy, Ken

2010-01-01

264

The Effects of Safety Discrimination Training and Frequent Safety Observations on Safety-Related Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of the present study was to assess the effects of discrimination training only and in combination with frequent safety observations on five participants' safety-related behavior in a simulated office setting. The study used a multiple-baseline design across safety-related behaviors. Across all participants and behavior, safety improved…

Taylor, Matthew A.; Alvero, Alicia M.

2012-01-01

265

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Annual Report of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) presents results of activities during calendar year 2001. The year was marked by significant achievements in the Space Shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) programs and encouraging accomplishments by the Aerospace Technology Enterprise. Unfortunately, there were also disquieting mishaps with the X-43, a LearJet, and a wind tunnel. Each mishap was analyzed in an orderly process to ascertain causes and derive lessons learned. Both these accomplishments and the responses to the mishaps led the Panel to conclude that safety and risk management is currently being well served within NASA. NASA's operations evidence high levels of safety consciousness and sincere efforts to place safety foremost. Nevertheless, the Panel's safety concerns have never been greater. This dichotomy has arisen because the focus of most NASA programs has been directed toward program survival rather than effective life cycle planning. Last year's Annual Report focused on the need for NASA to adopt a realistically long planning horizon for the aging Space Shuttle so that safety would not erode. NASA's response to the report concurred with this finding. Nevertheless, there has been a greater emphasis on current operations to the apparent detriment of long-term planning. Budget cutbacks and shifts in priorities have severely limited the resources available to the Space Shuttle and ISS for application to risk-reduction and life-extension efforts. As a result, funds originally intended for long-term safety-related activities have been used for operations. Thus, while safety continues to be well served at present, the basis for future safety has eroded. Section II of this report develops this theme in more detail and presents several important, overarching findings and recommendations that apply to many if not all of NASA's programs. Section III of the report presents other significant findings, recommendations and supporting material applicable to specific program areas. Appendix A presents a list of Panel members. Appendix B contains the reaction of the ASAP to NASA's response to the calendar year 2000 findings and recommendations. In accordance with a practice started last year, this Appendix includes brief narratives as well as classifications of the responses as 'open,' 'closed,' or 'continuing.' Appendix C details the Panel's activities during the reporting period.

2002-01-01

266

Designing for auto safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Safety design features in the motor vehicle and highway construction fields result from systems analysis approach to prevent or lessen death, injury, and property damage results. Systems analysis considers the prevention of crashes, increased survivability in crashes, and prompt medical attention to injuries as well as other postcrash salvage measures. The interface of these system elements with the driver, the vehicle, and the environment shows that action on the vehicle system produces the greatest safety payoff through design modifications. New and amended safety standards developed through hazard analysis technique improved accident statistics in the 70'; these regulations include driver qualifications and countermeasures to identify the chronic drunken driver who is involved in more than two-thirds of all auto deaths.

Driver, E. T.

1971-01-01

267

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers the activities of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) for calendar year 1998-a year of sharp contrasts and significant successes at NASA. The year opened with the announcement of large workforce cutbacks. The slip in the schedule for launching the International Space Station (ISS) created a 5-month hiatus in Space Shuttle launches. This slack period ended with the successful and highly publicized launch of the STS-95 mission. As the year closed, ISS assembly began with the successful orbiting and joining of the Functional Cargo Block (FGB), Zarya, from Russia and the Unity Node from the United States. Throughout the year, the Panel maintained its scrutiny of NASAs safety processes. Of particular interest were the potential effects on safety of workforce reductions and the continued transition of functions to the Space Flight Operations Contractor. Attention was also given to the risk management plans of the Aero-Space Technology programs, including the X-33, X-34, and X-38. Overall, the Panel concluded that safety is well served for the present. The picture is not as clear for the future. Cutbacks have limited the depth of talent available. In many cases, technical specialties are "one deep." The extended hiring freeze has resulted in an older workforce that will inevitably suffer significant departures from retirements in the near future. The resulting "brain drain" could represent a future safety risk unless appropriate succession planning is started expeditiously. This and other topics are covered in the section addressing workforce. In the case of the Space Shuttle, beneficial and mandatory safety and operational upgrades are being delayed because of a lack of sufficient present funding. Likewise, the ISS has little flexibility to begin long lead-time items for upgrades or contingency planning.

1999-01-01

268

Biological safety cabinetry.  

PubMed Central

The biological safety cabinet is the one piece of laboratory and pharmacy equipment that provides protection for personnel, the product, and the environment. Through the history of laboratory-acquired infections from the earliest published case to the emergence of hepatitis B and AIDS, the need for health care worker protection is described. A brief description with design, construction, function, and production capabilities is provided for class I and class III safety cabinets. The development of the high-efficiency particulate air filter provided the impetus for clean room technology, from which evolved the class II laminar flow biological safety cabinet. The clean room concept was advanced when the horizontal airflow clean bench was manufactured; it became popular in pharmacies for preparing intravenous solutions because the product was protected. However, as with infectious microorganisms and laboratory workers, individual sensitization to antibiotics and the advent of hazardous antineoplastic agents changed the thinking of pharmacists and nurses, and they began to use the class II safety cabinet to prevent adverse personnel reactions to the drugs. How the class II safety cabinet became the mainstay in laboratories and pharmacies is described, and insight is provided into the formulation of National Sanitation Foundation standard number 49 and its revisions. The working operations of a class II cabinet are described, as are the variations of the four types with regard to design, function, air velocity profiles, and the use of toxins. The main certification procedures are explained, with examples of improper or incorrect certifications. The required levels of containment for microorganisms are given. Instructions for decontaminating the class II biological safety cabinet of infectious agents are provided; unfortunately, there is no method for decontaminating the cabinet of antineoplastic agents. Images PMID:2070345

Kruse, R H; Puckett, W H; Richardson, J H

1991-01-01

269

Quo Vadis Payload Safety?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As we complete the preparations for the fourth Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission, we note an anniversary approaching: it was 30 years ago in July that the first HST payload safety review panel meeting was held. This, in turn, was just over a year after the very first payload safety review, a Phase 0 review for the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite and its Inertial Upper Stage, held in June of 1977. In adapting a process that had been used in the review and certification of earlier Skylab payloads, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) engineers sought to preserve the lessons learned in the development of technical payload safety requirements, while creating a new process that would serve the very different needs of the new space shuttle program. Their success in this undertaking is substantiated by the fact that this process and these requirements have proven to be remarkably robust, flexible, and adaptable. Furthermore, the payload safety process has, to date, served us well in the critical mission of safeguarding our astronauts, cosmonauts, and spaceflight participants. Both the technical requirements and their interpretation, as well as the associated process requirements have grown, evolved, been streamlined, and have been adapted to fit multiple programs, including the International Space Station (ISS) program, the Shuttle/Mir program, and most recently the United States Constellation program. From its earliest days, it was anticipated that the payload safety process would be international in scope, and so it has been. European Space Agency (ESA), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), German Space Agency (DLR), Canadian Space Agency (CSA), Russian Space Agency (RSA), and many additional countries have flown payloads on both the space shuttle and on the ISS. Our close cooperation and long-term working relationships have culminated in the franchising of the payload safety review process itself to our partners in ESA, which in turn will serve as a roadmap for extending the franchise to other Partners.

Fodroci, Michael P.; Schwartz, MaryBeth

2008-01-01

270

Biological safety cabinetry.  

PubMed

The biological safety cabinet is the one piece of laboratory and pharmacy equipment that provides protection for personnel, the product, and the environment. Through the history of laboratory-acquired infections from the earliest published case to the emergence of hepatitis B and AIDS, the need for health care worker protection is described. A brief description with design, construction, function, and production capabilities is provided for class I and class III safety cabinets. The development of the high-efficiency particulate air filter provided the impetus for clean room technology, from which evolved the class II laminar flow biological safety cabinet. The clean room concept was advanced when the horizontal airflow clean bench was manufactured; it became popular in pharmacies for preparing intravenous solutions because the product was protected. However, as with infectious microorganisms and laboratory workers, individual sensitization to antibiotics and the advent of hazardous antineoplastic agents changed the thinking of pharmacists and nurses, and they began to use the class II safety cabinet to prevent adverse personnel reactions to the drugs. How the class II safety cabinet became the mainstay in laboratories and pharmacies is described, and insight is provided into the formulation of National Sanitation Foundation standard number 49 and its revisions. The working operations of a class II cabinet are described, as are the variations of the four types with regard to design, function, air velocity profiles, and the use of toxins. The main certification procedures are explained, with examples of improper or incorrect certifications. The required levels of containment for microorganisms are given. Instructions for decontaminating the class II biological safety cabinet of infectious agents are provided; unfortunately, there is no method for decontaminating the cabinet of antineoplastic agents. PMID:2070345

Kruse, R H; Puckett, W H; Richardson, J H

1991-04-01

271

Aviation Safety Simulation Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aviation Safety Simulation Model is a software tool that enables users to configure a terrain, a flight path, and an aircraft and simulate the aircraft's flight along the path. The simulation monitors the aircraft's proximity to terrain obstructions, and reports when the aircraft violates accepted minimum distances from an obstruction. This model design facilitates future enhancements to address other flight safety issues, particularly air and runway traffic scenarios. This report shows the user how to build a simulation scenario and run it. It also explains the model's output.

Houser, Scott; Yackovetsky, Robert (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

272

Safety Is For Everyone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In some ways, the laboratory safety standards may seem at odds with science laboratory curriculum expectations in an environment attempting to provide for full inclusion of all students. Clearly, not all students will be able to be fully mainstreamed and may require alternative placement. Careful planning and appropriate accommodations in terms of instructional strategies and assistive technology, however, can provide for equitable access to hands-on science education for all students in a safe learning environment. This free selection includes the section, Build in Safety: OSHA Laboratory Standard , the Table of Contents, Preface, and Index.

Roy, Kenneth R.

2007-01-01

273

SSC Safety Review Document  

SciTech Connect

The safety strategy of the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Central Design Group (CDG) is to mitigate potential hazards to personnel, as far as possible, through appropriate measures in the design and engineering of the facility. The Safety Review Document identifies, on the basis of the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) and related studies, potential hazards inherent in the SSC project independent of its site. Mitigative measures in the design of facilities and in the structuring of laboratory operations are described for each of the hazards identified.

Toohig, T.E. [ed.

1988-11-01

274

Case-based system safety risk model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about case-based system safety risk assessment. Firstly, a knowledge expression model of system safety occurrence is presented. Furthermore, the knowledge granulation caused cognitive uncertainty about system safety status is described, thus elicit the concept of safety risk, as well as a case-based system safety risk model (CBSSRM), in order to assess the system safety risk by safety

Chang Feng; Tingdi Zhao

2009-01-01

275

Software Safety Progress in NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has developed guidelines for development and analysis of safety-critical software. These guidelines have been documented in a Guidebook for Safety Critical Software Development and Analysis. The guidelines represent a practical 'how to' approach, to assist software developers and safety analysts in cost effective methods for software safety. They provide guidance in the implementation of the recent NASA Software Safety Standard NSS-1740.13 which was released as 'Interim' version in June 1994, scheduled for formal adoption late 1995. This paper is a survey of the methods in general use, resulting in the NASA guidelines for safety critical software development and analysis.

Radley, Charles F.

1995-01-01

276

Safety analysis and review system  

SciTech Connect

Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) has developed a comprehensive Safety Analysis and Review System that satisfies Department of Energy safety analysis report requirements. This system consists of interrelated criteria for hazard classification, risk assessment, selection of Safety Class Items (SCIs), and selection of Operational Safety Requirements (OSRs). The system provides input for design decisions at appropriate project milestones as required by the life cycle of a project. The criteria used for selection in hazard classification, risk assessment, Safety Class Items (SCI) identification, and Operational Safety Requirement (OSR) identification are the subject of this paper.

Hallinan, E.J.; Donner, E.B.; Low, J.M.; Cowen, M.L.; Stephens, K.W.; Waltz, W.R.; Kim, K.S.

1992-07-01

277

Safety analysis and review system  

SciTech Connect

Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) has developed a comprehensive Safety Analysis and Review System that satisfies Department of Energy safety analysis report requirements. This system consists of interrelated criteria for hazard classification, risk assessment, selection of Safety Class Items (SCIs), and selection of Operational Safety Requirements (OSRs). The system provides input for design decisions at appropriate project milestones as required by the life cycle of a project. The criteria used for selection in hazard classification, risk assessment, Safety Class Items (SCI) identification, and Operational Safety Requirement (OSR) identification are the subject of this paper.

Hallinan, E.J.; Donner, E.B.; Low, J.M.; Cowen, M.L.; Stephens, K.W.; Waltz, W.R.; Kim, K.S.

1992-01-01

278

SAFETY MATTERS Annual Campus Security & Fire Safety Report  

E-print Network

to become productive mem- bers of society and good citizens of the world. Rutgers teaches across the full Buildings 10 Residence Hall Security 10 Fire Safety 11 Emergency Medical Services 11 Public Safety Services

Goodman, Robert M.

279

Safety climate and attitude as evaluation measures of organizational safety.  

PubMed

The main aim of this research is to develop a set of evaluation measures for safety attitudes and safety climate. Specifically it is intended: (a) to test the instruments; (b) to identify the essential dimensions of the safety climate in the airport ground handling companies; (c) to assess the quality of the differences in the safety climate for each company and its relation to the accident rate; (d) to analyse the relationship between attitudes and safety climate; and (e) to evaluate the influences of situational and personal factors on both safety climate and attitude. The study sample consisted of 166 subjects from three airport companies. Specifically, this research was centered on ground handling departments. The factor analysis of the safety climate instrument resulted in six factors which explained 69.8% of the total variance. We found significant differences in safety attitudes and climate in relation to type of enterprise. PMID:9316712

Isla Díaz, R; Díaz Cabrera, D

1997-09-01

280

Potential of Pedestrian Protection Systems-A Parameter Study Using Finite Element Models of Pedestrian Dummy and Generic Passenger Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To study the potential of an active, a passive, and an integrated safety system (combined active and passive) in reducing pedestrian upper body loading in typical impact configurations.Methods: Finite element simulations using models of generic sedan car fronts and the Polar II pedestrian dummy were performed for three impact configurations at two impact speeds. Chest contact force, head injury

Rikard Fredriksson; Jaeho Shin; Costin D. Untaroiu

2011-01-01

281

14 CFR 139.329 - Pedestrians and ground vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...foot, or operating a ground vehicle, in movement areas or safety...description and date of any accidents or incidents in the movement...carrier aircraft, a ground vehicle or a pedestrian. Records of each accident or incident occurring...

2010-01-01

282

The Importance of Radiofrequency Safety into Occupational Safety Coursework  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Typical safety programs, both undergraduate and graduate, do not explore issues related with RF hazards and safety. Without federal regulations and enforcement, the topic is usually disregarded and thus creating future safety professionals without any knowledge of the possibilities of RF hazards at the future employment. This paper will discuss what is radiofrequency, how radiofrequency is used, regulatory agencies and compliance issues in regards to radiofrequency and finally research of Safety, Health and Environmental programs across the United States.

2010-07-29

283

School Safety and Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts in the Education Service Center, Region 2, (southern Texas) were surveyed to examine procedures the districts have put in place to identify threats of violence to school safety and security. The target population was 47 school districts. Data collection was done using mailed questionnaires with a simple yes/no answer format.…

Herrera, Sandra; Holland, Lana; Wesson, Suzanne

284

Calibration facility safety plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A set of requirements is presented to insure the highest practical standard of safety for the Apollo 17 Calibration Facility in terms of identifying all critical or catastrophic type hazard areas. Plans for either counteracting or eliminating these areas are presented. All functional operations in calibrating the ultraviolet spectrometer and the testing of its components are described.

Fastie, W. G.

1971-01-01

285

Nanodrugs: pharmacokinetics and safety  

PubMed Central

To date, various nanodrug systems have been developed for different routes of administration, which include dendrimers, nanocrystals, emulsions, liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, micelles, and polymeric nanoparticles. Nanodrug systems have been employed to improve the efficacy, safety, physicochemical properties, and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile of pharmaceutical substances. In particular, functionalized nanodrug systems can offer enhanced bioavailability of orally taken drugs, prolonged half-life of injected drugs (by reducing immunogenicity), and targeted delivery to specific tissues. Thus, nanodrug systems might lower the frequency of administration while providing maximized pharmacological effects and minimized systemic side effects, possibly leading to better therapeutic compliance and clinical outcomes. In spite of these attractive pharmacokinetic advantages, recent attention has been drawn to the toxic potential of nanodrugs since they often exhibit in vitro and in vivo cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, inflammation, and genotoxicity. A better understanding of the pharmacokinetic and safety characteristics of nanodrugs and the limitations of each delivery option is necessary for the further development of efficacious nanodrugs with high therapeutic potential and a wide safety margin. This review highlights the recent progress in nanodrug system development, with a focus on the pharmacokinetic advantages and safety challenges. PMID:24591825

Onoue, Satomi; Yamada, Shizuo; Chan, Hak-Kim

2014-01-01

286

Sharps Handling Biological Safety  

E-print Network

Sharps Handling Biological Safety General Biosafety Practices (GBP) In A Nutshell Have you ever/sNA), or biological toxins? If the answer is yes, an accidental injury will have increased risk. Take time to be safe.A.R. (including inside a biosafety cabinet). · Luer-Lock ­ Use Luer-lock syringes and needles or units where

Pawlowski, Wojtek

287

DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY  

E-print Network

DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 of 139 3.0 HAZARD ANALYSIS 3.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter provides tools for assessing electrical hazards). The risk of a worker to an exposed electrical hazard is determined by (a) the classification

288

EFCOG / DOE Electrical Safety  

E-print Network

EFCOG / DOE Electrical Safety Improvement Project Project Area 4 ­Performance Measurement Electrical Severity Measurement Tool Revision 1 April 16, 2007 #12;Electrical Severity Measurement Tool Purpose: This tool is intended to determine the severity of an electrical energy event based

289

Office Safety (Part II).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Toxic chemicals, noise, inadequate lighting, poor equipment design, smoking, and accidents pose serious health hazards for millions of office workers. Stress and boredom also contribute to the problems of safety. Workers should be on guard in the office for hazards, many of which are recognizable through common sense and patience. Workers must…

Swartz, Carl

290

The Safety of Crowds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If we assume that learning is best achieved in a social setting, then a vital aspect of any learning environment is its ability to support the development of trust. Trust takes many forms, from helping to identify the validity or the effectiveness of a learning resource to feelings of safety and reliance on support from fellow learners and…

Dron, Jon

2007-01-01

291

Module Safety Issues (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Description of how to make PV modules so that they are less likely to turn into safety hazards. Making modules inherently safer with minimum additional cost is the preferred approach for PV. Safety starts with module design to ensure redundancy within the electrical circuitry to minimize open circuits and proper mounting instructions to prevent installation related ground faults. Module manufacturers must control the raw materials and processes to ensure that that every module is built like those qualified through the safety tests. This is the reason behind the QA task force effort to develop a 'Guideline for PV Module Manufacturing QA'. Periodic accelerated stress testing of production products is critical to validate the safety of the product. Combining safer PV modules with better systems designs is the ultimate goal. This should be especially true for PV arrays on buildings. Use of lower voltage dc circuits - AC modules, DC-DC converters. Use of arc detectors and interrupters to detect arcs and open the circuits to extinguish the arcs.

Wohlgemuth, J.

2012-02-01

292

Universal software safety standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies the minimum subset required for a truly universal safety-critical software standard. This universal software standard could be used in but is not limited to the following application domains: commercial, military and space aviation; medical diagnostic and therapeutic instruments; automotive and transportation systems; industrial process control and robotics; nuclear power plants and weapons control; commercial appliances and ride

Praful V. Bhansali

2005-01-01

293

Planning for Campus Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From natural disasters to criminal violence, facilities officers are often called on to address campus safety and security issues beyond their usual responsibilities. Their experiences in coping with unanticipated events have produced a catalogue of lessons learned that can help them and their peers at other institutions who might face the same…

Dessoff, Alan

2009-01-01

294

Transfusion medicine and safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in safety of blood transfusion in clinical practice principally relate to preventing transfusion-transmitted infections (TTI). Epidemiological studies of TTI have resulted in the development, standardization, and implementation of an expanding array of immunoassays employed worldwide in routine screening of blood donated by voluntary blood donors. Exclusion of infected blood and their donors has remarkably reduced the risk of transmitting

Roger Dodd; W. Kurt Roth; Paul Ashford; Elizabeth M. Dax; Girish Vyas

2009-01-01

295

Toxicology and Chemical Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics addressed in this discussion of toxicology and chemical safety include routes of exposure, dose/response relationships, action of toxic substances, and effects of exposure to chemicals. Specific examples are used to illustrate the principles discussed. Suggests prudence in handling any chemicals, whether or not toxicity is known. (JN)

Hall, Stephen K.

1983-01-01

296

Local Safety Committee Engineering  

E-print Network

Custodian x D. Hart WSEP x K. Palibroda E-Shops x K. Aberdeen OHC x P. Hauser For HSEMS x D. Pavier Civil progress ­ D. Hart is the new safety consultant for Engineering. Pending May 2013 B. Cylinder Storage. Carbon Nano Tube Research H. Wang reports that Dr. Das and D. Hart will finalize the SOPs for the Carbon

Saskatchewan, University of

297

Food Safety Myths Exposed  

MedlinePLUS

... why keeping cooked food warmed to the right temperature is critical for food safety . Myth #9: Marinades are acidic, which kills bacteria—so it’s OK to marinate foods on the counter. Fact: Even in the ... at room temperatures. To marinate foods safely, it’s important to marinate ...

298

Laboratory Safety Principles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This workshop covers major principles and regulations pertinent to working in laboratories with hazardous materials. It is divided into 45 minute segments dealing with: Radioactive Materials (Staiger); Toxic, Reactive, Carcinogenic, and Teratogenic Chemicals (Carlson); Infectious Agents (Laver); and Fire Safety Concepts and Physical Hazards (Arnston).

Jerry Staiger, Keith Carlson, Jim Laver, Ray Arntson (University of Minnesota; )

2008-04-11

299

Airline Safety and Economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This video documents efforts at NASA Langley Research Center to improve safety and economy in aircraft. Featured are the cockpit weather information needs computer system, which relays real time weather information to the pilot, and efforts to improve techniques to detect structural flaws and corrosion, such as the thermal bond inspection system.

1993-01-01

300

Laboratory safety handbook  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Safety, defined as 'freedom from danger, risk, or injury,' is difficult to achieve in a laboratory environment. Inherent dangers, associated with water analysis and research laboratories where hazardous samples, materials, and equipment are used, must be minimized to protect workers, buildings, and equipment. Managers, supervisors, analysts, and laboratory support personnel each have specific responsibilities to reduce hazards by maintaining a safe work environment. General rules of conduct and safety practices that involve personal protection, laboratory practices, chemical handling, compressed gases handling, use of equipment, and overall security must be practiced by everyone at all levels. Routine and extensive inspections of all laboratories must be made regularly by qualified people. Personnel should be trained thoroughly and repetitively. Special hazards that may involve exposure to carcinogens, cryogenics, or radiation must be given special attention, and specific rules and operational procedures must be established to deal with them. Safety data, reference materials, and texts must be kept available if prudent safety is to be practiced and accidents prevented or minimized.

Skinner, E.L.; Watterson, C.A.; Chemerys, J.C.

1983-01-01

301

Reactor safety method  

DOEpatents

This invention relates to safety means for preventing a gas cooled nuclear reactor from attaining criticality prior to start up in the event the reactor core is immersed in hydrogenous liquid. This is accomplished by coating the inside surface of the reactor coolant channels with a neutral absorbing material that will vaporize at the reactor's operating temperature.

Vachon, Lawrence J. (Clairton, PA)

1980-03-11

302

Traffic Safety Education Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, intended for administrators, curriculum developers, and teachers, provides outlines and suggestions for strategies and materials needed to achieve the goals and objectives of the safety education program. The guide covers the following topics: a broad examination of the highway system; the responsibilities highway users have toward…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

303

Burns and Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

1 Burns and Fire Safety Fact Sheet (2014) Fatalities ? 325 children ages 19 and under died from fires or burns in 2011. 85% ( ... 55% from 1999 to 2011. 1 1999?2011 Fire/Burn Fatalities and Death Rate Among Children Ages ...

304

Medical Oxygen Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... to the air a patient uses to breath. Fire needs oxygen to burn. If a fire should start in an oxygen-enriched area, the ... Homes where medical oxygen is used need specific fire safety rules to keep people safe from fire ...

305

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

, occupational health specialists and nurses, risk managers, compliance managers, plant or facilities managers compliance officers and staff in industry, government, nonprofit and for-profit organizations: facilities and government and become proactive in managing health and safety programs. You will learn about the most current

California at Davis, University of

306

environmental, health and safety  

E-print Network

, occupational health specialists and nurses, risk managers, compliance managers, plant or facilities managers for environmental compliance officers and staff in industry, government, nonprofit and for-profit organizations and government and become proactive in managing health and safety programs. You will learn about the most current

California at Davis, University of

307

Laboratory Safety and Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains a scientific approach to accident prevention and outlines the safety aspects associated with the handling of chemicals in the secondary school. Provides a check list of unsafe acts and conditions, outlines features of good laboratory management, and gives hints for combating the effects of inflation on science budgets. (GS)

Goodenough, T. J.

1976-01-01

308

School Safety Review Checklist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School Safety Review Checklist is an important component of the broader school crisis resources that have been developed by the Vermont School Crisis Planning Team. The Team is comprised of members from the law enforcement, emergency management, health, and education organizations who have worked throughout the year to update school and…

Vermont Department of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

309

Fire Safety Training Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for a community fire education effort, particularly in which local volunteers present general information on fire safety to their fellow citizens, this workbook contains nine lessons. Included are an overview of the household fire problem; instruction in basic chemistry and physics of fire, flammable liquids, portable fire extinguishers,…

Montgomery County Dept. of Fire and Rescue Services, Rockville, MD. Div. of Fire Prevention.

310

Atomic Power Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one of a series of information booklets for the general public published by The United States Atomic Energy Commission. Among the topics discussed are: What is Atomic Power?; What Does Safety Depend On?; Control of Radioactive Material During Operation; Accident Prevention; Containment in the Event of an Accident; Licensing and…

Hogerton, John F.

311

WiredSafety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet has afforded hundreds of millions of people the opportunity to access thousands of sites on almost every topic imaginable, and has created a myriad of new employment opportunities, interest groups, and cybercommunities. Regrettably, not every person merging onto the information superhighway is there for such laudable reasons. Stepping into the fray of n'er-do wells is the WiredSafety website, headed by Perry Aftab, an international cyberspace privacy and security lawyer and children's advocate. Registered as a non-profit organization, WiredSafety offers help for online victims of cybercrime and harassment, educational materials about cybercrime, and assistance for law enforcement worldwide on preventing and investigating cybercrimes. A good place to start on the site is Parry's Internet Safety Guide for Parents, which offers a number of helpful tips for parents about monitoring their children's interactions with others over the Internet. WiredSafety also offers Wired-Ed, which is offered free of charge and allows users to learn more about surfing the net safely. Also featured is a wide range of other online courses.

312

Aerospace safety advisory panel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) monitored NASA's activities and provided feedback to the NASA Administrator, other NASA officials and Congress throughout the year. Particular attention was paid to the Space Shuttle, its launch processing and planned and potential safety improvements. The Panel monitored Space Shuttle processing at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and will continue to follow it as personnel reductions are implemented. There is particular concern that upgrades in hardware, software, and operations with the potential for significant risk reduction not be overlooked due to the extraordinary budget pressures facing the agency. The authorization of all of the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) Block II components portends future Space Shuttle operations at lower risk levels and with greater margins for handling unplanned ascent events. Throughout the year, the Panel attempted to monitor the safety activities related to the Russian involvement in both space and aeronautics programs. This proved difficult as the working relationships between NASA and the Russians were still being defined as the year unfolded. NASA's concern for the unique safety problems inherent in a multi-national endeavor appears appropriate. Actions are underway or contemplated which should be capable of identifying and rectifying problem areas. The balance of this report presents 'Findings and Recommendations' (Section 2), 'Information in Support of Findings and Recommendations' (Section 3) and Appendices describing Panel membership, the NASA response to the March 1994 ASAP report, and a chronology of the panel's activities during the reporting period (Section 4).

1995-03-01

313

Safety against fire risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The risk of fire is an important and permanent potential risk for a telecommunications operator. This risk requires a coherent policy of safety and security, the main element of which is automatic fire detection. Recent changes of organisation and development of equipment and services in this field of activity have involved an evolution of this risk; increases of the fire

D. Martin

1993-01-01

314

Safety Management Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses the issues that need to be considered by the education and training system as it responds to the changing needs of industry in Great Britain. Following a general introduction, the development of quality management ideas is traced. The underlying principles of safety and risk management are clarified and the implications of…

Fido, A. T.; Wood, D. O.

315

Sources on Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography of sources of print, audio, and video materials on safety provides addresses and phone numbers of publishers. Categories include general information, agricultural education, business education, health occupations, home economics, trade and industrial, technical education, and technology education. (SK)

Vocational Education Journal, 1990

1990-01-01

316

Child Safety Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

317

Home and Recreational Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Choking Drowning Fires & Burns Weather Related Emergenices Motor Vehicle Crash Poisoning Falls Choking Drowning Fires & Burns Emergency Prepardness Family Safety & Health® ?A quarterly wellness magazine that helps keep workers and families safe and healthy off the job. Learn More This page is available ...

318

School Security and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author contends that safety and accident prevention should be given primary consideration in a school system's risk management program. He argues that accidents and losses are symptoms of defects in the management system. Two classes of loss discussed are (1) accidental -- injury/loss resulting from unintended events; and (2) purposeful --…

Licht, Kenneth F.

319

FoodSafety.gov  

MedlinePLUS

... Educators Report a Problem Contaminated Carbo Load Top Searches E.Coli Salmonella Listeria Ground Turkey Botulism Tuna Stay Connected Our Partners About FoodSafety.gov Accessibility Privacy Policy FOIA Disclaimers Plain Writing Contact Us No FEAR Viewers & Players WhiteHouse.gov USA. ...

320

Tempered For Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides a learning module on tempered safety glass. In this activity, instructors demonstrate the fracture toughness of tempered glass, thereby illustrating how the glass is toughened and introducing the concept of the fractography of glass. It can be used in classrooms from elementary to college levels.

Reidmeyer, Mary R.

2011-09-20

321

Safety and Science Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 10-chapter handbook (designed for science teachers and school administrators) describes known hazards associated with science teaching and provides information to develop a framework for local safety programs specifically designed to avoid or neutralize the effects of such hazards. Major areas addressed in the chapters include: (1) the nature…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Sciences and Elementary Administration.

322

Strengthening the safety net.  

PubMed

If you've ever built a house of cards or played a game of Jenga, you know how quickly an ill-timed move can destroy your goal of maintaining equilibrium. The consequence of upsetting one piece of the whole is a common metaphor many safety net providers use to help other healthcare organizations understand their role in the system. The fiscal and physical pressure on just one safety net provider can create a dangerous ripple effect in a community, threatening the stability of other area providers and access to care for the patients they serve. "We have created a complicated tension within our healthcare system," says Stuart H. Altman, Ph.D., HFACHE, professor, National Health Policy, at Brandeis University in Waltham, MA. "If any single major sector of the system is out of balance, the others will be affected in a very negative way." Depending (in part) on geography as well as local and state politics, the fate of "non"-safety net providers can hinge on the success of those organizations whose primary mission is to provide indigent care. "If the safety net fails, the whole healthcare system could potentially collapse because the remaining providers simply cannot handle all of the demand," says C. Duane Dauner, FACHE, president of the California Healthcare Association in Sacramento. The current situations in Washington, D.C., Dallas, and several California counties illustrate this domino effect Dauner describes. PMID:14716922

May, Ellen Lanser

2004-01-01

323

Safety management vs. picking leaves.  

PubMed

A safety program will generally have as its base a comprehensive written document made available for everyone in the organization. The document should indicate a positive commitment to safety by management. It should not be a "how to" guide, but rather a broad outline to establish responsibilities, goals, and methods. The safety manager is appointed in writing and answers to the highest level of management. As opposed to a "doer," the safety manager acts as a director and administrator of the safety program. This is accomplished through the advisory capacity of the safety program for solicited and unsolicited problems. The focus of the safety manager is on the system and how it contributes to safety problems, rather than individual problems. Management has the ultimate responsibility for safety. Their efforts should reflect a proactive attitude to correct problems in the system. In order to identify areas of interest, technically competent input from the safety manager should be required. The support of the safety program by top management determines the success of the program. Without a clear and firm commitment by the organization, safety will receive no more than lip service from the employees. The benefits of a proactive approach will be realized in the organization's ability to manage safety issues, rather than reacting to them. PMID:10113760

Wright, D

1991-09-01

324

National Transportation Safety Board Office of Aviation Safety  

E-print Network

1 National Transportation Safety Board Office of Aviation Safety Washington, D.C. 20594, Colorado Date: December 20, 2008 Time: 1818 Mountain Standard Time (0118 UTC1 December 21, 2008) Aircraft. Eick Senior Meteorologist/Group Chairmen National Transportation Safety Board Operational Factors

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

325

Radiation Safety Manual August 1999 UW Environmental Health and Safety  

E-print Network

Page v Radiation Safety Manual August 1999 UW Environmental Health and Safety Glossary accelerator target and uncharged high-energy radiation is subsequently produced (neutrons or x-rays). ALARA - An acronym formed from the phrase "As Low as Reasonably Achievable." The phrase refers to a radiation safety

Wilcock, William

326

The Strategy for Safety: Preventing Crises through Safety Audits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author demonstrates the importance of school safety audits and describes what schools should focus on in a safety audit. Ultimately, each school should determine its own safety audit strategy based on its unique circumstances, including the type of community within which it is located, the age of the students it serves, and the…

Schwartz, Sara Goldsmith

2013-01-01

327

Offshore safety case approach and formal safety assessment of ships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: Tragic marine and offshore accidents have caused serious consequences including loss of lives, loss of property, and damage of the environment. Method: A proactive, risk-based “goal setting” regime is introduced to the marine and offshore industries to increase the level of safety. Discussion: To maximize marine and offshore safety, risks need to be modeled and safety-based decisions need to

J Wang

2002-01-01

328

December 8, 2011 Safety Committee Meeting HMSC Safety Committee  

E-print Network

;4. Lab Safety Training and Signage: It was decided that new custodians should do a facility walk through and lab safety training which is now available on line at the OSU web site. Bill Hanshumaker asked about. Future agenda items: Basic lab safety training for custodians Monitor what happens for DSO/Small Boat

329

Software Safety Tutorial Status Update 1 Software Safety Tutorial  

E-print Network

(compare to expected loss) · (System) safety engineering: ensuring acceptable risk scientific/management? · Software safety: The property of being accident- free for (embedded) software systems. Accident: failures), Raytheon. · Motivation: DoD commitment to safety (personnel/system/property/environment) DoD goal: 0

Tian, Jeff

330

INTEGRATED SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM SAFETY CULTURE IMPROVEMENT INITIATIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) identified safety culture as one of their top Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) related priorities. A team was formed to address this issue. The team identified a consensus set of safety culture principles, along with implementation practices that could be used by DOE, NNSA, and their contractors. Documented improvement tools were identified and

MCDONALD JA JR

2009-01-01

331

BioSafety On Campus Holiday Fire Safety  

E-print Network

Prepardness Emergency Contact Office Heaters Ergonomic Tip 10 Holiday Safety Tips In This Issue Environmental Health&Safety Newsletter Issue 2Fall 2010 Protecting UCSB Health, Safety and the Environment Biological within the Environmental Health Program that interacts with the campus community. The biosafety officer

Becker, Luann

332

NATIONAL AGRICULTURE SAFETY DATABASE (NASD)  

EPA Science Inventory

NASD is a national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. The mission of the NASD project is: to provide a national information resource for the dissemin...

333

RADIATION SAFETY OFFICE UNIVERSITYOF MARYLAND  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY OFFICE UNIVERSITYOF MARYLAND RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND College Park, Maryland Revised May 2001 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS FORWARD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.3.4.2. University of Maryland Personnel Visiting Other Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2

Rubloff, Gary W.

334

Normalization of Process Safety Metrics  

E-print Network

This study is aimed at exploring new process safety metrics for measuring the process safety performance in processing industries. Following a series of catastrophic incidents such as the Bhopal chemical tragedy (1984) and Phillips 66 explosion...

Wang, Mengtian

2012-10-19

335

FLUOR HANFORD SAFETY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes safety management programs used within the scope of the ''Project Hanford Management Contract''. The document has been developed to meet the format and content requirements of DOE-STD-3009-94, ''Preparation Guide for US. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Documented Safety Analyses''. This document provides summary descriptions of Fluor Hanford safety management programs, which Fluor Hanford nuclear facilities may reference and incorporate into their safety basis when producing facility- or activity-specific documented safety analyses (DSA). Facility- or activity-specific DSAs will identify any variances to the safety management programs described in this document and any specific attributes of these safety management programs that are important for controlling potentially hazardous conditions. In addition, facility- or activity-specific DSAs may identify unique additions to the safety management programs that are needed to control potentially hazardous conditions.

GARVIN, L J; JENSEN, M A

2004-04-13

336

Software Hazard and Safety Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety is a system property and software, of itself, cannot be safe or unsafe. However software has a major in?uence on safety in many modern systems, e.g. aircraft and engine controls, railway signalling, and medical equipment. The paper outlines the principles of system hazard and safety analysis, and brie?y describes work on adapting classical hazard and safety anal- ysis techniques

John A. Mcdermid

2002-01-01

337

Fall protection characteristics of safety belts and human impact tolerance.  

PubMed

Many fatal accidents due to falls from heights have occurred at construction sites not only in Japan but also in other countries. This study aims to determine the fall prevention performance of two types of safety belts: a body belt, which has been used for more than 40?yr in the Japanese construction industry as a general type of safety equipment for fall accident prevention, and a full harness, which has been used in many other countries. To determine human tolerance for impact trauma, this study discusses features of safety belts with reference to relevant studies in the medical science, automobile crash safety, and aircrew safety. For this purpose, simple drop tests were carried out in a virtual workplace to measure impact load, head acceleration, and posture in the experiments, the Hybrid-III pedestrian model was used as a human dummy. Hybrid-III is typically employed in official automobile crash tests (New Car Assessment Program: NCAP) and is currently recognized as a model that faithfully reproduces dynamic responses. Experimental results shows that safety performance strongly depends on both the variety of safety belts used and the shock absorbers attached onto lanyards. These findings indicate that fall prevention equipment, such as safety belts, lanyards, and shock absorbers, must be improved to reduce impact injuries to the human head and body during falls. PMID:25345426

Hino, Yasumichi; Ohdo, Katsutoshi; Takahashi, Hiroki

2014-01-01

338

Fall Protection Characteristics of Safety Belts and Human Impact Tolerance.  

PubMed

Many fatal accidents due to falls from heights have occurred at construction sites not only in Japan but also in other countries. This study aims to determine the fall prevention performance of two types of safety belts: a body belt(1)), which has been used for more than 40?yr in the Japanese construction industry as a general type of safety equipment for fall accident prevention, and a full harness(2, 3)), which has been used in many other countries. To determine human tolerance for impact trauma, this study discusses features of safety belts with reference(4-9)) to relevant studies in the medical science, automobile crash safety, and aircrew safety. For this purpose, simple drop tests were carried out in a virtual workplace to measure impact load, head acceleration, and posture in the experiments, the Hybrid-III pedestrian model(10)) was used as a human dummy. Hybrid-III is typically employed in official automobile crash tests (New Car Assessment Program: NCAP) and is currently recognized as a model that faithfully reproduces dynamic responses. Experimental results shows that safety performance strongly depends on both the variety of safety belts used and the shock absorbers attached onto lanyards. These findings indicate that fall prevention equipment, such as safety belts, lanyards, and shock absorbers, must be improved to reduce impact injuries to the human head and body during falls. PMID:25152087

Hino, Yasumichi; Ohdo, Katsutoshi; Takahashi, Hiroki

2014-08-23

339

ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, SAFETY CULTURE, AND SAFETY PERFORMANCE AT RESEARCH FACILITIES.  

SciTech Connect

Organizational culture surveys of research facilities conducted several years ago and archival occupational injury reports were used to determine whether differences in safety performance are related to general organizational factors or to ''safety culture'' as reflected in specific safety-related dimensions. From among the organizations surveyed, a pair of facilities was chosen that were similar in size and scientific mission while differing on indices of work-related injuries. There were reliable differences in organizational style between the facilities, especially among workers in environment, safety, and health functions; differences between the facilities (and among job categories) on the safety scale were more modest and less regular.

BROWN,W.S.

2000-07-30

340

School Safety Gets the Ax  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new informal federal survey has found that for many districts, budget cuts have had a profound effect on school safety and security measures. Administrators have been forced to cut safety and security staffing and programs, reorganize security departments and find alternative sources of funding in order to maintain levels of safety and security…

Eisele-Dyrli, Kurt

2010-01-01

341

System Thinking and Food Safety  

E-print Network

System Thinking and Food Safety John Helferich SDM Systems Thinking · The System and its Boundaries · Food Safety Control ­Current - Linear ­Proposed ­ Complex System · The Research QuesKons 10/21/11 2 #12;What is "Food Safety

342

Strategies for Improving Safety Developing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the need for methods of increasing students' and administrators' awareness of safety procedures in the chemistry laboratory. Suggests increasing formal courses in safety and cites difficulties inherent in increasing safety courses including the lack of funding and an already overcrowded chemistry curriculum. (DS)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1981

1981-01-01

343

Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety  

E-print Network

Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety and Security Panagiotis Scarlatos, Ph.D., Director Transportation Safety and Security #12;Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety and Security Partners #12;· Infrastructure risk assessment · Dispersion modeling for chemicals, bio-chemicals and radiation · 3-D simulation

Fernandez, Eduardo

344

Nanomaterial Safety Plan Field Services  

E-print Network

Program MSDS material safety data sheet NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NSCNanomaterial Safety Plan Field Services SLAC-I-730-0A09M-008-R003 4 August 2008 (updated 17 December 2010) #12;Publication Data This document was designed and published by ESH Publishing Document

Wechsler, Risa H.

345

School Chemistry Laboratory Safety Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents information about ordering, using, storing, and maintaining chemicals in the high school laboratory. The guide also provides information about chemical waste, safety and emergency equipment, assessing chemical hazards, common safety symbols and signs, and fundamental resources relating to chemical safety, such as Material…

Brundage, Patricia; Palassis, John

2006-01-01

346

Pupil Transportation Safety Program Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has been undertaken to assess the magnitude of the school bus safety problem and to develop a plan to improve pupil transportation safety. The resulting report provides estimates of school bus population and daily usage, gives an account of injuries and fatalities that occur annually, and compares the safety records of school buses to…

Delahanty, Joseph F.; And Others

347

Residential Fire Safety Policies Introduction  

E-print Network

Residential Fire Safety Policies Introduction University Housing and Campus Code Compliance and Fire Safety at the City University of New York at Queens College in compliance with the Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA) have developed an annual fire safety report. This document summarizes

Johnson Jr.,, Ray

348

ANNUAL FIRE SAFETY RESIDENCE HALLS  

E-print Network

1 2012 ANNUAL FIRE SAFETY REPORT FOR RESIDENCE HALLS As Required by the Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA) #12;2 INTRODUCTION Contents of this annual fire safety report reflect the requirements outlined in the HEOA, which are included in Florida Atlantic University's (FAU) campus fire safety program

Fernandez, Eduardo

349

Safety and Health Training Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information obtained from a survey of safety and health training activities undertaken by Federal agencies is provided in the document which serves as a resource guide and directory of agency safety programs. The document, intended to help Federal managers meet their safety training needs with available government resources, is divided into four…

Federal Safety Advisory Council, Washington, DC.

350

Toolbox Safety Talk Heat Stress  

E-print Network

such as heat exhaustion and the more severe heat stroke can occur, and can result in death. Preventing Heat, will usually reduce the possibility of fainting. Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion · Headaches, dizzinessToolbox Safety Talk Heat Stress Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health Section

Pawlowski, Wojtek

351

Physics Safety Induction OCTOBER 2012  

E-print Network

Hazards § Physics Labs have a range of safety hazards · If working in a lab you should be aware of them #12;The University of Western Australia Signage § All labs have safety hazard signage near the entry shoes must be worn at ALL time in ALL labs § Use PPE if required · Gloves, safety glasses, aprons et

Tobar, Michael

352

Survey Date: Laboratory Safety Checklist  

E-print Network

Survey# Building: Survey Date: Laboratory Safety Checklist Surveyor: Rooms Surveyed: Lab Contact the lab staff have access to the current version of the UW Lab Safety Manual? General1 Do all lab personnel have access to written SOPs that document safety procedures? General2 Are lab accidents and near

Borenstein, Elhanan

353

Safety in the Chemical Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the Safety Guide used in the Research Center at Monsanto Chemical Company (St. Louis). Topics include: general safety practices, safety glasses and shoes, respiratory protection, electrical wiring, solvent handling and waste disposal. Procedures are given for evacuating, "tagging out, and "locking out. Special mention is given to…

Steere, Norman V.

1969-01-01

354

University of Vermont Environmental Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The UVM Environmental Safety site presents news, information, and services to support health and safety of laboratory personnel. While some of the site is geared toward UVM researchers, there is plenty of free information about chemical safety, biosafety, and waste disposal useful to students, educators, and researchers across the country.

355

CHEMICAL LABORATORY SAFETY AND METHODOLOGY  

E-print Network

CHEMICAL LABORATORY SAFETY AND METHODOLOGY MANUAL August 2013 #12;ii Emergency Numbers UNBC Prince-Emergency Numbers UNBC Prince George Campus Chemstores 6472 Chemical Safety 6472 Radiation Safety 6472 Biological the safe use, storage, handling, waste and emergency management of chemicals on the University of Northern

Northern British Columbia, University of

356

SAFETY IN THE CHEMICAL LABORATORY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MONTHLY ARTICLES ON LABORATORY SAFETY THAT APPEARED IN THE "JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION" BETWEEN JANUARY 1964, AND JANUARY 1967, ARE COMBINED IN THIS MANUAL FOR HIGH SCHOOL AND COLLEGE CHEMISTRY TEACHERS. A GENERAL SECTION DEALS WITH (1) RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACCIDENT PREVENTION, (2) SAFETY CONSIDERATION IN RESEARCH PROPOSALS, (3) A SAFETY

STEERE, NORMAN V.

357

Missouri Secondary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. This manual contains information on standards, legal aspects, and responsibilities for science safety; general laboratory safety for…

Lemons, Judith L.

358

ICT Systems Induction (and Safety)  

E-print Network

ICT Systems Induction (and Safety) Keith Gillow http://www.maths.ox.ac.uk/members/it/info-new-users ICT Systems Induction (and Safety) ­ p. 1 Support/Help · Web pages -- http.maths.ox.ac.uk/members/it/it-notices-policies ICT Systems Induction (and Safety) ­ p. 2 Facilities Access · Many accounts are preopened · Postgrads

359

SP100 flight safety tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The safety test program to be conducted as part of the SP-100 Power System Qualification Program is described. Safety tests needed to establish SP-100 technology readiness are identified through consideration of uncertainties in analytical predictions. Critical experiments already completed provide sufficient confidence in the technology supporting criticality predictions under accident conditions. Plans for the future include: testing of safety rod

Mark I. Temme; Neil W. Brown; Michael A. Smith

1993-01-01

360

Building safety into ICU care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Institute of Medicine's (IOMs) report, “To Err is Human,” recently addressed patient safety in the United States, alerting the nation to the need for improved systems of health care. Seven main findings were addressed in this report, we focus on 3: (1) patient safety is a nationwide problem, (2) health care workers are not to blame, and (3) safety

Peter Pronovost; Albert W. Wu; Todd Dorman; Laura Morlock

2002-01-01

361

Evaluation of Online Patient Safety  

E-print Network

Evaluation of Online Patient Safety Certification Program The seminal 2001 IOM Report, "Crossing-testing, the effectiveness of AI's program in imparting key concepts on the science of patient safety to practicing-phased evaluation methodology requiring me to: beta-test AI's online patient safety certification program

Connor, Ed

362

Total safety management: An approach to improving safety culture  

SciTech Connect

A little over 4 yr ago, Admiral James D. Watkins became Secretary of Energy. President Bush, who had appointed him, informed Watkins that his principal task would be to clean up the nuclear weapons complex and put the US Department of Energy (DOE) back in the business of producing tritium for the nation's nuclear deterrent. Watkins recognized that in order to achieve these objectives, he would have to substantially improve the DOE's safety culture. Safety culture is a relatively new term. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) used it in a 1986 report on the root causes of the Chernobyl nuclear accident. In 1990, the IAEA's International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group issued a document focusing directly on safety culture. It provides guidelines to the international nuclear community for measuring the effectiveness of safety culture in nuclear organizations. Safety culture has two principal aspects: an organizational framework conducive to safety and the necessary organizational and individual attitudes that promote safety. These obviously go hand in hand. An organization must create the right framework to foster the right attitudes, but individuals must have the right attitudes to create the organizational framework that will support a good safety culture. The difficulty in developing such a synergistic relationship suggests that achieving and sustaining a strong safety culture is not easy, particularly in an organization whose safety culture is in serious disrepair.

Blush, S.M. (Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-01-01

363

LABORATORY SAFETY MANUAL (rev. February, 2014) General Laboratory Safety: Information, Policies and Procedures (MNI)  

E-print Network

and Procedures (MNI) [download this manual from Lab Safety Document Centre - Montreal Neurological InstituteLABORATORY SAFETY MANUAL (rev. February, 2014) General Laboratory Safety: Information, Policies and Safety Mission and Role of Safety Committees ....................... 3 Important Legislation

Shoubridge, Eric

364

Improving radiation safety hazard communication through nuclide safety data sheets.  

PubMed

Providing nuclide-specific radiation safety information to radioactive material users constitutes a primary role for the institutional health physicist. Often radioactive material vendors' safety literature fills this need, but may leave out key information (e.g., site-specific requirements) that the radiation safety program would like to convey. Instead, time Nuclide Safety Data Sheet concept provides this safety information using a hazard communication medium and format--the Material Safety Data Sheet--that is well established in the workplace. In addition to allowing institutions to customize time information provided to radioactive material users, the Nuclide Safety Data Sheet also gives workers a familiar format in which to view radiation hazard communication information. PMID:11797904

Edwards, Ben

2002-02-01

365

14 CFR 27.1413 - Safety belts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Safety belts. 27.1413 Section...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS...CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Safety Equipment § 27.1413 Safety belts. Each safety...

2012-01-01

366

14 CFR 27.1413 - Safety belts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Safety belts. 27.1413 Section...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS...CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Safety Equipment § 27.1413 Safety belts. Each safety...

2011-01-01

367

14 CFR 27.1413 - Safety belts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Safety belts. 27.1413 Section...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS...CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Safety Equipment § 27.1413 Safety belts. Each safety...

2013-01-01

368

14 CFR 27.1413 - Safety belts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Safety belts. 27.1413 Section...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS...CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Safety Equipment § 27.1413 Safety belts. Each safety...

2010-01-01

369

14 CFR 27.1413 - Safety belts.  

... 2014-01-01 false Safety belts. 27.1413 Section...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS...CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Safety Equipment § 27.1413 Safety belts. Each safety...

2014-01-01

370

EHSO TRAINING CLASSES Fire Safety Program Training  

E-print Network

, requirements for labeling and material safety data sheet (MSDS). 3. Hearing Conservation Program Training (1EHSO TRAINING CLASSES Fire Safety Program Training 1. Fire Safety (60 minutes) Instruction includes extinguisher ratings, reliability, design safety, identification, inspection, selection and use; fire

371

LAB SAFETY MANUAL Phone Numbers ..............................................................................................5  

E-print Network

.............................................................................................88 Example of Safety Data Sheet (SDS) ­ Formerly Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Appendix 3 Example........................................................................26 GHS Safety Data Sheets..............................................................27 IV1 LAB SAFETY MANUAL Phone Numbers

372

30 CFR 57.6502 - Safety fuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety fuse. 57.6502 Section 57.6502 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH...

2010-07-01

373

30 CFR 56.6502 - Safety fuse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety fuse. 56.6502 Section 56.6502 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH...

2010-07-01

374

49 CFR 190.239 - Safety orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safety orders. 190.239 Section 190... PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS AND...

2010-10-01

375

FSU London Safety Guide 2006 Introduction ........................................................................2  

E-print Network

...............................................................6 Drugs .........................................................................7 Alcohol .......................................................................7 Sexual Assault ...............................................................9 Safety when

Sura, Philip

376

Brad Estochen State Traffic Safety Engineer  

E-print Network

, work zones, ...) !!Emergency Medical Services !!System Management #12;D(EBrad Estochen State Traffic Safety Engineer Bradley.estochen@state.mn.us 651-234-7011 #12;!"#$%&'( !!Define Safety !!Safety Assessment !!Crash Rates !!Strategic Highway Safety Plan !!New Approaches

Minnesota, University of

377

Health & Safety Management System Queen's University  

E-print Network

Health & Safety Management System Queen's University December 2003 #12;Queen's University Health & Safety Management System 2 1. Introduction Under Provincial Health and Safety legislation Responsibility System provides the building blocks for an effective Health and Safety Management System. The key

Ellis, Randy

378

Basics of Safety Switches  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course is one of the quickStep series offered by Siemens in Safety Switches. These are FREE on-line industrial knowledge building tutorials. quickSTEPs are a great start for industry novices moving into technical jobs or staff in operational support rolls. They can also be very effectively used as out of class assignments for review or to build fundamental skills. Each course includes: an online tutorial organized as a number of units, lessons with self check quiz questions, a glossary of terms, a self-check final exam with scoring, an extensive downloadable PDF study guide. This course offers: current protection, fuses, enclosures, switch design, switch terminology, safety switches, a final exam, a glossary and a 72 page study guide.

379

Safety review advisor  

SciTech Connect

The University of Tennessee's Nuclear Engineering Department, in cooperation with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), is evaluating the feasibility of utilizing an expert system to aid in 10CFR50.59 evaluations. This paper discusses the history of 10CFR50.59 reviews, and details the development approach used in the construction of a prototype Safety Review Advisor (SRA). The goals for this expert system prototype are to (1) aid the engineer in the evaluation process by directing his attention to the appropriate critical issues, (2) increase the efficiency, consistency, and thoroughness of the evaluation process, and (3) provide a foundation of appropriate Safety Analysis Report (SAR) references for the reviewer. 6 refs., 2 figs.

Boshers, J.A.; Alguindigue, I.E.; Uhrig, R.E. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering); Burnett, C.G. (Tennessee Valley Authority, Knoxville, TN (USA))

1989-01-01

380

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers the activities of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) for calendar year 1998-a year of sharp contrasts and significant successes at NASA. The year opened with the announcement of large workforce cutbacks. The slip in the schedule for launching the International Space Station (ISS) created a five-month hiatus in Space Shuttle launches. This slack period ended with the successful and highly publicized launch of the STS-95 mission. As the year closed, ISS assembly began with the successful orbiting and joining of the Functional Cargo Block (FGB), Zarya, from Russia and the Unity Node from the United States. Throughout the year, the Panel maintained its scrutiny of NASA's safety processes. Of particular interest were the potential effects on safety of workforce reductions and the continued transition of functions to the Space Flight Operations Contractor. Attention was also given to the risk management plans of the Aero-Space Technology programs, including the X-33, X-34, and X-38. Overall, the Panel concluded that safety is well served for the present. The picture is not as clear for the future. Cutbacks have limited the depth of talent available. In many cases, technical specialties are 'one deep.' The extended hiring freeze has resulted in an older workforce that will inevitably suffer significant departures from retirements in the near future. The resulting 'brain drain' could represent a future safety risk unless appropriate succession planning is started expeditiously. This and other topics are covered in the section addressing workforce. The major NASA programs are also limited in their ability to plan property for the future. This is of particular concern for the Space Shuttle and ISS because these programs are scheduled to operate well into the next century. In the case of the Space Shuttle, beneficial and mandatory safety and operational upgrades are being delayed because of a lack of sufficient present funding. Likewise, the ISS has little flexibility to begin long lead-time items for upgrades or contingency planning. For example, the section on computer hardware and software contains specific findings related to required longer range safety-related actions. NASA can be proud of its accomplishments this past year, but must remain ever vigilant, particularly as ISS assembly begins to accelerate. The Panel will continue to focus on both the short- and long-term aspects of risk management and safety planning. This task continues to be made manageable and productive by the excellent cooperation the Panel receives from both NASA and its contractors. Particular emphasis will continue to be directed to longer term workforce and program planning issues as well as the immediate risks associated with ISS assembly and the initial flights of the X-33 and X-34. Section 2 of this report presents specific findings and recommendations generated by ASAP activities during 1998. Section 3 contains more detailed information in support of these findings and recommendations. Appendix A is a current roster of Panel members, consultants, and staff. Appendix B contains NASA's response to the findings and recommendations from the 1997 ASAP Annual Report. Appendix C details the fact-finding activities of the Panel in 1998. During the year, Mr. Richard D. Blomberg was elected chair of the Panel and Vice Admiral (VADM) Robert F Dunn was elected deputy chair. VADM Bernard M. Kauderer moved from consultant to member. Mr. Charles J. Donlan retired from the Panel after many years of meritorious service. Ms. Shirley C. McCarty and Mr. Robert L. ('Hoot') Gibson joined the Panel as consultants.

1999-01-01

381

Nuclear reactor safety device  

DOEpatents

A safety device is disclosed for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of an upward thermal excursion. Such safety device comprises a laminated helical ribbon configured as a tube-like helical coil having contiguous helical turns with slidably abutting edges. The helical coil is disclosed as a portion of a drive member connected axially to the control rod. The laminated ribbon is formed of outer and inner laminae. The material of the outer lamina has a greater thermal coefficient of expansion than the material of the inner lamina. In the event of an upward thermal excursion, the laminated helical coil curls inwardly to a smaller diameter. Such inward curling causes the total length of the helical coil to increase by a substantial increment, so that the control rod is axially repositioned by a corresponding amount to reduce the power output of the reactor.

Hutter, Ernest (Wilmette, IL)

1986-01-01

382

PharmSafety.org  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Patient safety in the healthcare professions is a constant concern, and all practitioners want to be able to address this issue effectively and accurately. PharmSafety.org offers one way to provide that assurance, through the education and continued training of pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and pharmacy assistants. Funded by an unrestricted educational grant from the McKesson Foundation, the site�s extensive CE (Continuing Education) Center is free for anyone to access; it simply requires creating a logon and password. Students, educators, practitioners and administrators can all choose their career level, occupational category and subcategories at registration, and then work through seven self-study modules personalized for their field within the study of pharmacy. The site also offers articles from practice and research journals, technical reports, conference handouts, and links to additional resources.

Grasha, Anthony F.

383

[Immunological safety of transfusion].  

PubMed

Transfusion safety lies on the strict application of measures aimed: at avoiding the occurrence of acute hazards, as far as they can be prevented by e.g. the ABO compatibility for red blood cell concentrates and therapeutic plasma; at reducing the frequency of other acute accidents such as TRALI or post-transfusion GVH (based on the implementation of measures which prove to be largely efficacious though not completely); and at reducing delayed incidents and hazards. The implementation of such immunological safety measures also aim at favoring the transfusion efficacy, in avoiding the lysis of transfused red cells or platelets. Perfect immunological compatibility (match) is impossible because transfused cells expose several hundreds of molecular variants with antigenic properties. Adaptive immunity is largely based upon antigen/antibody conflicts and it predominates in transfusion immunological hazards, but inflammation (as well as other components of innate immunity) is now acknowledged as a major actor of transfusion immunological linked hazards. PMID:25578545

Muller, Jean-Yves; Chiaroni, Jacques; Garraud, Olivier

2015-02-01

384

Lab Safety Training Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Princeton University's Environmental Health & Safety division, this extensive lab safety training guide provides basic information for working safely with laboratory chemicals and equipment. The "Introduction" to the site contains information specific to doing such work at Princeton, so visitors should direct their attention over to the left-hand side of the page. Here they will find sections that cover basic procedures regarding the use of flammable liquids, compressed gases, fume hoods, peroxides, and about a dozen other things that one might encounter in such a setting. Along with offering some lists of instructions, each area also has some helpful graphics that will help those just getting started in a lab identify key procedures and commonly-encountered pieces of equipment.

385

Material Safety Data Sheet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Loctite corporation, which manufactures sealants, adhesives and coatings, has recently posted online a searchable database of materials safety information pages. Users enter keywords to retrieve listings of composition, physical properties, toxicity, and stability of compounds. Recommendations for storage and disposal, emergency first aid, and fire management are also provided. The database features Loctite products exclusively, but it does contain substantial listings that researchers and workers handling chemicals might need.

386

Firearms safety program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The USGS provides appropriate firearms safety training for any employee or USGS volunteer who uses, handles, carries, or stores a firearm as part of his or her official duties. An employee or volunteer can be authorized to carry a firearm while on official duty once he or she has completed specified training requirements and a certificate of need and qualification inquiry. Knowledge of details for firearms storage, security, and transport is also necessary.

U.S. Geological Survey

2005-01-01

387

Challenges of safety evaluation.  

PubMed

Each application for authorisation of a medicinal product must be accompanied by the particulars and documents referred to in Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use. Details on the documentation needed for traditional herbal medicinal products (THMP) are given in article 16c of the above mentioned Directive. It is pointed out that a bibliographic review of safety data together with an expert report and additional data, if necessary, are required. The Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) provides in its "Guideline on the use of the CTD format in the preparation of a registration application for traditional herbal medicinal products" (EMA/HMPC/71049/2007 Rev. 1) guidance on how to present the information and the dossier needed for an application. There, in agreement with the Directive 2001/83/EC, a bibliographical review of safety data is required within the "Non-clinical Overview". However, it is assumable that for such products, with a long tradition of usage bibliographical information relating to non-clinical safety are available, even if incomplete or not in accordance with today?s state of the art. In the "Guideline on non-clinical documentation for herbal medicinal products in applications for marketing authorisation (bibliographical and mixed applications) and in applications for simplified registration" (EMEA/HMPC/32116/2005) it is reflected how to deal with such an incomplete set of data for traditional herbal medicinal products and crucial information are highlighted. This article will focus on the explanation of the requirements needed for the non-clinical safety evaluation of THMPs and some detailed explanations of the performance and interpretation of the mutagenicity studies. PMID:25150528

Wiesner, Jacqueline

2014-12-01

388

Irradiation and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Safety Answers to Frequently Asked Questions Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

389

Mail Order Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Handling / Mail Order Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

390

Introduction to Electrical Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from CREATE California provides an introduction to electrical safety which would be useful for students in a classsroom setting as well as learners about to enter the workforce. The document discusses common electrical industrial accidents such as electrical shock, electrical burns, electrical fires and misuse of tools and equipment. Common warning and caution signs are also included in the material, which is available for download in PDF file format.

2012-10-17

391

Safety of antiobesity drugs  

PubMed Central

Obesity is a major health problem worldwide. Although diet and physical activity are crucial in the management of obesity, the long-term success rate is low. Therefore antiobesity drugs are of great interest, especially when lifestyle modification has failed. As obesity is not an immediate life-threatening disease, these drugs are required to be safe. Antiobesity drugs that have been developed so far have limited efficacies and considerable adverse effects affecting tolerability and safety. Therefore, most antiobesity drugs have been withdrawn. Fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were withdrawn because of the potential damage to heart valves. Sibutramine was associated with an increase in major adverse cardiovascular events in the Sibutramine Cardiovascular Outcomes (SCOUT) trial and it was withdrawn from the market in 2010. Rimonabant was withdrawn because of significant psychiatric adverse effects. Orlistat was approved in Europe and the United States for long-term treatment of obesity, but many patients cannot tolerate its gastrointestinal side effects. Phentermine and diethylpropion can only be used for less than 12 weeks because the long-term safety of these drugs is unknown. Ephedrine and caffeine are natural substances but the effects on weight reduction are modest. As a result there is a huge unmet need for effective and safe antiobesity drugs. Recently lorcaserin and topiramate plus phentermine have been approved for the treatment of obesity but long-term safety data are lacking. PMID:25114779

Cheung, Tommy Tsang; Samaranayake, Nithushi Rajitha

2013-01-01

392

Safety of antiobesity drugs.  

PubMed

Obesity is a major health problem worldwide. Although diet and physical activity are crucial in the management of obesity, the long-term success rate is low. Therefore antiobesity drugs are of great interest, especially when lifestyle modification has failed. As obesity is not an immediate life-threatening disease, these drugs are required to be safe. Antiobesity drugs that have been developed so far have limited efficacies and considerable adverse effects affecting tolerability and safety. Therefore, most antiobesity drugs have been withdrawn. Fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were withdrawn because of the potential damage to heart valves. Sibutramine was associated with an increase in major adverse cardiovascular events in the Sibutramine Cardiovascular Outcomes (SCOUT) trial and it was withdrawn from the market in 2010. Rimonabant was withdrawn because of significant psychiatric adverse effects. Orlistat was approved in Europe and the United States for long-term treatment of obesity, but many patients cannot tolerate its gastrointestinal side effects. Phentermine and diethylpropion can only be used for less than 12 weeks because the long-term safety of these drugs is unknown. Ephedrine and caffeine are natural substances but the effects on weight reduction are modest. As a result there is a huge unmet need for effective and safe antiobesity drugs. Recently lorcaserin and topiramate plus phentermine have been approved for the treatment of obesity but long-term safety data are lacking. PMID:25114779

Cheung, Bernard Man Yung; Cheung, Tommy Tsang; Samaranayake, Nithushi Rajitha

2013-08-01

393

AFR-100 safety analyses  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Fast Reactor-100 (AFR-100) is Argonne National Laboratory's 250 MWth metal-fueled modular sodium-cooled pool-type fast reactor concept. [1] A series of accident sequences that focused on the AFR-100's ability to provide protection against reactor damage during low probability accident sequences resulting from multiple equipment failures were examined. Protected and Unprotected Loss of Flow (PLOF and ULOF) and Unprotected Transient Over-Power (UTOP) accidents were simulated using the SAS4A/SASSYS-1 safety analysis code. The large heat capacity of the sodium in the pool-type reactor allows the AFR-100 to absorb large amounts of energy during a PLOF with relatively small temperature increases throughout the system. During a ULOF with a 25-second flow halving time, coolant and cladding temperatures peak around 720 deg. C within the first minute before reactivity feedback effects decrease power to match the flow. Core radial expansion and fuel Doppler provide the necessary feedback during the UTOP to bring the system back to critical before system temperatures exceed allowable limits. Simulation results indicate that adequate ULOF safety margins exist for the AFR-100 design with flow halving times of twenty-five seconds. Significant safety margins are maintained for PLOF accidents as well as UTOP accidents if a rod stop is used. (authors)

Sumner, T.; Moisseytsev, A.; Wei, T. Y. C. [Argonne National Laboratory, Bldg. 208, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439-4842 (United States)

2012-07-01

394

Overview of safety pharmacology.  

PubMed

Safety pharmacology entails the assessment of the potential risks of novel pharmaceuticals for human use. As detailed in the ICH S7A guidelines, safety pharmacology for drug discovery involves a core battery of studies on three vital systems: central nervous (CNS), cardiovascular (CV), and respiratory. Primary CNS studies are aimed at defining compound effects on general behavior, locomotion, neuromuscular coordination, seizure threshold, and vigilance. The primary CV test battery includes an evaluation of proarrhythmic risk using in vitro tests (hERG channel and Purkinje fiber assays) and in vivo measurements in conscious animals via telemetry. Comprehensive cardiac risk assessment also includes full hemodynamic evaluation in a large, anesthetized animal. Basic respiratory function can be examined in conscious animals using whole-body plethysmography. This allows for an assessment of whether the sensitivity to respiratory-depressant effects can be enhanced by exposure to increased CO2 . Other safety pharmacology topics detailed in this unit are the timing of such studies, ethical and animal welfare issues, and statistical evaluation. PMID:24510755

Goineau, Sonia; Lemaire, Martine; Froget, Guillaume

2013-01-01

395

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report provides findings, conclusions and recommendations regarding the National Space Transportation System (NSTS), the Space Station Freedom Program (SSFP), aeronautical projects and other areas of NASA activities. The main focus of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) during 1988 has been monitoring and advising NASA and its contractors on the Space Transportation System (STS) recovery program. NASA efforts have restored the flight program with a much better management organization, safety and quality assurance organizations, and management communication system. The NASA National Space Transportation System (NSTS) organization in conjunction with its prime contractors should be encouraged to continue development and incorporation of appropriate design and operational improvements which will further reduce risk. The data from each Shuttle flight should be used to determine if affordable design and/or operational improvements could further increase safety. The review of Critical Items (CILs), Failure Mode Effects and Analyses (FMEAs) and Hazard Analyses (HAs) after the Challenger accident has given the program a massive data base with which to establish a formal program with prioritized changes.

1989-03-01

396

Model-Based Safety Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System safety analysis techniques are well established and are used extensively during the design of safety-critical systems. Despite this, most of the techniques are highly subjective and dependent on the skill of the practitioner. Since these analyses are usually based on an informal system model, it is unlikely that they will be complete, consistent, and error free. In fact, the lack of precise models of the system architecture and its failure modes often forces the safety analysts to devote much of their effort to gathering architectural details about the system behavior from several sources and embedding this information in the safety artifacts such as the fault trees. This report describes Model-Based Safety Analysis, an approach in which the system and safety engineers share a common system model created using a model-based development process. By extending the system model with a fault model as well as relevant portions of the physical system to be controlled, automated support can be provided for much of the safety analysis. We believe that by using a common model for both system and safety engineering and automating parts of the safety analysis, we can both reduce the cost and improve the quality of the safety analysis. Here we present our vision of model-based safety analysis and discuss the advantages and challenges in making this approach practical.

Joshi, Anjali; Heimdahl, Mats P. E.; Miller, Steven P.; Whalen, Mike W.

2006-01-01

397

Leadership for safety: industrial experience  

PubMed Central

The importance of leadership for effective safety management has been the focus of research attention in industry for a number of years, especially in energy and manufacturing sectors. In contrast, very little research into leadership and safety has been carried out in medical settings. A selective review of the industrial safety literature for leadership research with possible application in health care was undertaken. Emerging findings show the importance of participative, transformational styles for safety performance at all levels of management. Transactional styles with attention to monitoring and reinforcement of workers' safety behaviours have been shown to be effective at the supervisory level. Middle managers need to be involved in safety and foster open communication, while ensuring compliance with safety systems. They should allow supervisors a degree of autonomy for safety initiatives. Senior managers have a prime influence on the organisation's safety culture. They need to continuously demonstrate a visible commitment to safety, best indicated by the time they devote to safety matters. PMID:15576692

Flin, R; Yule, S

2004-01-01

398

International project -- RBMK safety review  

SciTech Connect

A major international RBMK safety review project managed by AEA Technology and funded by the CEC TACIS Programme, and the governments of Canada, Sweden and Finland is assessing the safety of RBMK Reactors as operated in Russia, Lithuania and Ukraine. RBMK reactors have been the subject of numerous safety studies by other Eastern and Western European organizations and Canada. Their objectives were, by necessity, not consistent (for example, identifying the deficiencies, reviewing and assessing the safety, checking the existing safety reports, establishing western style safety justifications). However, they share a common technical content in many areas. As a result a considerable number of Safety Recommendations have already been published. The current problem is to categorize and evaluate these recommendations.

Hall, S.F. [AEA Technology, Warrington (United Kingdom); Gabaraev, B.A. [RDIPE, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1996-07-01

399

Guardrail influence on pedestrian crossing behavior at roundabouts.  

PubMed

Pedestrians account for 10-30% of all road accident fatalities in western countries, and therefore efforts to improve pedestrian safety are of major importance. Research can support these efforts in various ways, particularly by studying road crossing patterns, and by exploring pedestrian compliance rates to safety laws and guidelines. This paper focuses on pedestrian crossing behavior at roundabouts. The main goal of the present study was to quantify the effect of guardrails at roundabouts as a tool to direct pedestrians to crosswalks. We examined these effects under various conditions, such as guardrail type, traffic volume, estimated age group, gender, road type, and crosswalk type. The present study was based on field observations at 20 arms at 10 roundabouts in Israel, conducted during 2009. 60 h of video recordings were analyzed. 11,116 pedestrian crossings were observed, of which 2749 (24.7%) were not at a crosswalk, thus violating the law. Binary Logit model results suggest that the rate of violations without guardrail is 20-30% higher than the rate with full guardrail (depending on specific conditions). Compliance rates were found to be higher when traffic volumes were higher. The findings reported in the present study are a valuable contribution to support practical decisions regarding guardrails at roundabouts. Insights from this study on pedestrian crossing patterns at roundabouts can also provide a basis for suggestions of other pedestrian safety improvements. PMID:23911616

Cohen, Ariel; Bar-Gera, Hillel; Parmet, Yisrael; Ronen, Adi

2013-10-01

400

An on-board pedestrian detection and warning system with features of side pedestrian  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Automotive Active Safety(AAS) is the main branch of intelligence automobile study and pedestrian detection is the key problem of AAS, because it is related with the casualties of most vehicle accidents. For on-board pedestrian detection algorithms, the main problem is to balance efficiency and accuracy to make the on-board system available in real scenes, so an on-board pedestrian detection and warning system with the algorithm considered the features of side pedestrian is proposed. The system includes two modules, pedestrian detecting and warning module. Haar feature and a cascade of stage classifiers trained by Adaboost are first applied, and then HOG feature and SVM classifier are used to refine false positives. To make these time-consuming algorithms available in real-time use, a divide-window method together with operator context scanning(OCS) method are applied to increase efficiency. To merge the velocity information of the automotive, the distance of the detected pedestrian is also obtained, so the system could judge if there is a potential danger for the pedestrian in the front. With a new dataset captured in urban environment with side pedestrians on zebra, the embedded system and its algorithm perform an on-board available result on side pedestrian detection.

Cheng, Ruzhong; Zhao, Yong; Wong, ChupChung; Chan, KwokPo; Xu, Jiayao; Wang, Xin'an

2012-01-01

401

Safety study application guide. Safety Analysis Report Update Program  

SciTech Connect

Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., (Energy Systems) is committed to performing and documenting safety analyses for facilities it manages for the Department of Energy (DOE). Included are analyses of existing facilities done under the aegis of the Safety Analysis Report Upgrade Program, and analyses of new and modified facilities. A graded approach is used wherein the level of analysis and documentation for each facility is commensurate with the magnitude of the hazard(s), the complexity of the facility and the stage of the facility life cycle. Safety analysis reports (SARs) for hazard Category 1 and 2 facilities are usually detailed and extensive because these categories are associated with public health and safety risk. SARs for Category 3 are normally much less extensive because the risk to public health and safety is slight. At Energy Systems, safety studies are the name given to SARs for Category 3 (formerly {open_quotes}low{close_quotes}) facilities. Safety studies are the appropriate instrument when on-site risks are limited to irreversible consequences to a few people, and off-site consequences are limited to reversible consequences to a few people. This application guide provides detailed instructions for performing safety studies that meet the requirements of DOE Orders 5480.22, {open_quotes}Technical Safety Requirements,{close_quotes} and 5480.23, {open_quotes}Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports.{close_quotes} A seven-chapter format has been adopted for safety studies. This format allows for discussion of all the items required by DOE Order 5480.23 and for the discussions to be readily traceable to the listing in the order. The chapter titles are: (1) Introduction and Summary, (2) Site, (3) Facility Description, (4) Safety Basis, (5) Hazardous Material Management, (6) Management, Organization, and Institutional Safety Provisions, and (7) Accident Analysis.

Not Available

1993-07-01

402

Is road safety management linked to road safety performance?  

PubMed

This research aims to explore the relationship between road safety management and road safety performance at country level. For that purpose, an appropriate theoretical framework is selected, namely the 'SUNflower' pyramid, which describes road safety management systems in terms of a five-level hierarchy: (i) structure and culture, (ii) programmes and measures, (iii) 'intermediate' outcomes'--safety performance indicators (SPIs), (iv) final outcomes--fatalities and injuries, and (v) social costs. For each layer of the pyramid, a composite indicator is implemented, on the basis of data for 30 European countries. Especially as regards road safety management indicators, these are estimated on the basis of Categorical Principal Component Analysis upon the responses of a dedicated road safety management questionnaire, jointly created and dispatched by the ETSC/PIN group and the 'DaCoTA' research project. Then, quasi-Poisson models and Beta regression models are developed for linking road safety management indicators and other indicators (i.e. background characteristics, SPIs) with road safety performance. In this context, different indicators of road safety performance are explored: mortality and fatality rates, percentage reduction in fatalities over a given period, a composite indicator of road safety final outcomes, and a composite indicator of 'intermediate' outcomes (SPIs). The results of the analyses suggest that road safety management can be described on the basis of three composite indicators: "vision and strategy", "budget, evaluation and reporting", and "measurement of road user attitudes and behaviours". Moreover, no direct statistical relationship could be established between road safety management indicators and final outcomes. However, a statistical relationship was found between road safety management and 'intermediate' outcomes, which were in turn found to affect 'final' outcomes, confirming the SUNflower approach on the consecutive effect of each layer. PMID:23969271

Papadimitriou, Eleonora; Yannis, George

2013-10-01

403

The Vaccine Safety Datalink: successes and challenges monitoring vaccine safety.  

PubMed

The Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) is a collaborative project between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and 9 health care organizations. Established in 1990, VSD is a vital resource informing policy makers and the public about the safety of vaccines used in the United States. Large linked databases are used to identify and evaluate adverse events in over 9 million individuals annually. VSD generates rapid, important safety assessments for both routine vaccinations and emergency vaccination campaigns. VSD monitors safety of seasonal influenza vaccines in near-real time, and provided essential information on the safety of influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent vaccine during the recent pandemic. VSD investigators have published important studies demonstrating that childhood vaccines are not associated with autism or other developmental disabilities. VSD prioritizes evaluation of new vaccines; searches for possible unusual health events after vaccination; monitors vaccine safety in pregnant women; and has pioneered development of biostatistical research methods. PMID:25108215

McNeil, Michael M; Gee, Julianne; Weintraub, Eric S; Belongia, Edward A; Lee, Grace M; Glanz, Jason M; Nordin, James D; Klein, Nicola P; Baxter, Roger; Naleway, Allison L; Jackson, Lisa A; Omer, Saad B; Jacobsen, Steven J; DeStefano, Frank

2014-09-22

404

Ris-PhD-25(EN) Improving Patient Safety: Safety Culture  

E-print Network

Risø-PhD-25(EN) Improving Patient Safety: Safety Culture and Patient Safety Ethics Marlene Dyrløv Madsen Title: Improving Patient Safety: Safety Culture and Patient Safety Ethics Department: Systems.: Sponsorship: Cover : Pages: 324 Tables: References: Abstract (max. 2000 char.): Patient safety

405

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This annual report is based on the activities of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel in calendar year 2000. During this year, the construction of the International Space Station (ISS) moved into high gear. The launch of the Russian Service Module was followed by three Space Shuttle construction and logistics flights and the deployment of the Expedition One crew. Continuous habitation of the ISS has begun. To date, both the ISS and Space Shuttle programs have met or exceeded most of their flight objectives. In spite of the intensity of these efforts, it is clear that safety was always placed ahead of cost and schedule. This safety consciousness permitted the Panel to devote more of its efforts to examining the long-term picture. With ISS construction accelerating, demands on the Space Shuttle will increase. While Russian Soyuz and Progress spacecraft will make some flights, the Space Shuttle remains the primary vehicle to sustain the ISS and all other U.S. activities that require humans in space. Development of a next generation, human-rated vehicle has slowed due to a variety of technological problems and the absence of an approach that can accomplish the task significantly better than the Space Shuttle. Moreover, even if a viable design were currently available, the realities of funding and development cycles suggest that it would take many years to bring it to fruition. Thus, it is inescapable that for the foreseeable future the Space Shuttle will be the only human-rated vehicle available to the U.S. space program for support of the ISS and other missions requiring humans. Use of the Space Shuttle will extend well beyond current planning, and is likely to continue for the life of the ISS.

2001-01-01

406

Canadian patient safety champions: collaborating on improving patient safety.  

PubMed

Patients for Patient Safety Canada champions have grown in numbers and purpose since their initiation into the World Health and Pan-American Health Organizations' Patients for Patient Safety initiative in May 2006. The 25 Canadian patients and family members not only share their adverse event experiences but are actively engaged in collaboration with health professionals, administrators and decision-makers to initiate proactive patient safety strategies. Their intention is to have their stories heard as tools for learning. They also wish to raise local, regional and national awareness of patient safety problems. The different patient and family stories and experiences share some common issues and suggested solutions that might make a difference in patient safety. One key solution is involving patients and families not only in discussions of treatment and follow-up when adverse events occur but also proactively on patient safety advisory committees. These actions would acknowledge a common interest in seeing that the right things are done. Patients and families share the common interest of all those advocating for patient safety, namely, First do no harm (attributed to Hippocrates, circa 470-360 B.C.). The patients and families of Patients for Patient Safety Canada are a group of committed, dedicated individuals who should be acknowledged for sharing their experiences and trying to make a difference in patient safety. PMID:18382169

Kovacs Burns, Katharina

2008-01-01

407

Radiation Safety System  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this work is to provide an overview of a Radiation safety system (RSS) designed for protection from prompt radiation hazard at accelerator facilities. RSS design parameters, functional requirements and constraints are derived from hazard analysis and risk assessment undertaken in the design phase of the facility. The two main subsystems of a RSS are access control system (ACS) and radiation control system (RCS). In this text, a common approach to risk assessment, typical components of ACS and RCS, desirable features and general design principles applied to RSS are described.

Vylet, Vaclav; /Jefferson Lab; Liu, James C.; /SLAC; Walker, Lawrence S.; /Los Alamos

2012-04-04

408

International Nuclear Safety Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory provides this site, highlighted by nuclear plants and material properties databases. The nuclear plants database can be searched by country, plant type, and operational status, as well as browsed by clickable map. Information retrieved may include location, type of reactor, controlling utility, and suppliers. The material properties database contains selected information on materials by type and property. In addition, there is a safety analysis results bibliographic database, with abstracts on literature (available in the INSC library) on Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Note that the site is a work in progress and that some areas are not open to the public.

409

Perspectives on reactor safety  

SciTech Connect

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) maintains a technical training center at Chattanooga, Tennessee to provide appropriate training to both new and experienced NRC employees. This document describes a one-week course in reactor, safety concepts. The course consists of five modules: (1) historical perspective; (2) accident sequences; (3) accident progression in the reactor vessel; (4) containment characteristics and design bases; and (5) source terms and offsite consequences. The course text is accompanied by slides and videos during the actual presentation of the course.

Haskin, F.E. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering; Camp, A.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-03-01

410

The Psychology of Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many studies of mishaps show that human error is a factor in a significant majority of accidents. Trying to decide how to change human behavior to be safer is generally the biggest challenge of any safety program. However, understanding the human psyche is the first step to changing behavior. Many studies focus on the before and after of an accident, but what about the thoughts of a person in the commission of an unsafe act? This is a less understood area. Examining it reveals why it is not well comprehended. This paper attempts to examine a part of the thought process, with an eye to helping influence people to less hurtful actions.

Anderson, Brenda Lindley

2011-01-01

411

Animal Safety Handling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are at least three things to remember when handling all animals? Use Graphic Organizer Take notes on handling all different types of livestock. Read about Livestock Handling Safety and Good Relationships Be sure to record facts in your organizer. Read and explore Recommended Basic Livestock Handling. Dr. Grandin s guidelines Be sure to click on each link and take notes in organizer. Watch Sheep and Cattle Handling Guidelines Video Observe sheep and cattle handling practices. Read the first five sections of Know your livestock and be safe ...

Hammond, Mr.

2012-04-11

412

International Nuclear Safety Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Nuclear Safety Program (INSP) has updated their map collection in the areas of Soviet designed reactors distributed throughout Eastern Europe and of Ukrainian nuclear power reactors. Information about each reactor is available by clicking on the maps. In addition to the maps, the digital library contains photos, graphics, presentations, and an online database of INSP related reports and information. The site also provides information about Soviet designed reactors and initiatives being undertaken by the US Department of Energy to improve conditions at the Chornobyl nuclear power plant. INSP is part of the US Department of Energy's Office of Nuclear Energy, Science, and Technology.

413

Manufacturing Safety and Awareness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into manufacturing safety and awareness, including identifying hazards, risk assessment, and hazard prevention or control. An assessment follows the module to gauge student understanding.

2012-10-15

414

Lightning safety of animals.  

PubMed

This paper addresses a concurrent multidisciplinary problem: animal safety against lightning hazards. In regions where lightning is prevalent, either seasonally or throughout the year, a considerable number of wild, captive and tame animals are injured due to lightning generated effects. The paper discusses all possible injury mechanisms, focusing mainly on animals with commercial value. A large number of cases from several countries have been analyzed. Economically and practically viable engineering solutions are proposed to address the issues related to the lightning threats discussed. PMID:22215021

Gomes, Chandima

2012-11-01

415

Food Safety Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Did you know that September is Food Safety Month? To find out more about it, visit this Website from the US Food and Drug Administration, where you can take the 'Fridge Quiz, learn about the "thaw law" and download the cold storage chart (.pdf). Although the site is intended primarily for food science educators, it contains factsheets, games and activities that might be of interest to general audiences. For instance, did you know that non-dairy whipped topping is safe in the refrigerator for 3 months?! Heaps of graphics and brochures for educators can be downloaded from .pdf files.

2001-01-01

416

76 FR 71345 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc. AGENCY...relinquishment from Child Health Patient Safety Organization, Inc. of its...

2011-11-17

417

76 FR 9350 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From Rocky Mountain Patient Safety Organization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From Rocky Mountain Patient Safety Organization AGENCY: Agency for...SUMMARY: Rocky Mountain Patient Safety Organization: AHRQ has...

2011-02-17

418

78 FR 40146 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Northern Metropolitan Patient Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Northern Metropolitan Patient Safety Institute AGENCY: Agency for...SUMMARY: The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act...

2013-07-03

419

78 FR 59036 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Cogent Patient Safety Organization, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Cogent Patient Safety Organization, Inc. AGENCY...SUMMARY: The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act...

2013-09-25

420

75 FR 45591 - Pipeline Safety: Notice of Technical Pipeline Safety Advisory Committee Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration...Part 192 [Docket No. PHMSA-2009-0203] Pipeline Safety: Notice of Technical Pipeline Safety Advisory Committee Meetings...

2010-08-03

421

Introduction to LNG vehicle safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Basic information on the characteristics of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is assembled to provide an overview of safety issues and practices for the use of LNG vehicles. This document is intended for those planning or considering the use of LNG vehicles, including vehicle fleet owners and operators, public transit officials and boards, local fire and safety officials, manufacturers and distributors, and gas industry officials. Safety issues and mitigation measures that should be considered for candidate LNG vehicle projects are addressed.

Bratvold, Delma; Friedman, David; Chernoff, Harry; Farkhondehpay, Dariush; Comay, Claudia

1994-03-01

422

SEAS Safety Committee Meeting Minutes  

E-print Network

) "We will have an extra lab safety training since there are so many on October 25th , from 3-4:30 pm to be monitored by bio-safety committee. spaula@mcb.harvard.edu, Bio-lab 1050, 5-2345. · Regulations o NIH is Christine LaFoya, lafoya@harvard.edu, safety lab office, Room 1060, 5-2345, or at Blackstone 5- 2060

423

Cockpit emergency safety system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comprehensive safety concept is proposed for aircraft's experiencing an incident to the development of fire and smoke in the cockpit. Fire or excessive heat development caused by malfunctioning electrical appliance may produce toxic smoke, may reduce the clear vision to the instrument panel and may cause health-critical respiration conditions. Immediate reaction of the crew, safe respiration conditions and a clear undisturbed view to critical flight information data can be assumed to be the prerequisites for a safe emergency landing. The personal safety equipment of the aircraft has to be effective in supporting the crew to divert the aircraft to an alternate airport in the shortest possible amount of time. Many other elements in the cause-and-effect context of the emergence of fire, such as fire prevention, fire detection, the fire extinguishing concept, systematic redundancy, the wiring concept, the design of the power supplying system and concise emergency checklist procedures are briefly reviewed, because only a comprehensive and complete approach will avoid fatal accidents of complex aircraft in the future.

Keller, Leo

2000-06-01

424

Locomotive safety device  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes the environment of a longitudinally extending and diesel engine type railroad locomotive classified under a stopped and ''blue flag'' condition, the locomotive having its traction wheels powerable from a high-voltage main-generator. The locomotive is also equipped with a low-voltage auxiliary-generator having electrical circuitry connected to locomotive installed alarm means, to at least one fuel valve for the diesel engine, to locomotive forward-rearward motive directional control, and to locomotive acceleration control. The low-voltage electrical circuitry extends the locomotive longitudinal length and terminates as two endward multi-pins receptacles. The improvement of a locomotive safety device tending to enforce upon would be the locomotive operators ''blue flag'' condition. The locomotive safety device is adapted to removably engaged with a locomotive multipins receptacle and comprises a multi-perforate plug including electrically conductive bushings adapted to be removably inserted into electrically conductive relationship with appropriately selected individual pins of the multi-pins receptacle.

Kleffman, D.R.; Phiffer, L.V.

1987-01-20

425

Safety Critical Mechanisms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spaceflight mechanisms have a reputation for being difficult to develop and operate successfully. This reputation is well earned. Many circumstances conspire to make this so: the environments in which the mechanisms are used are extremely severe, there is usually limited or no maintenance opportunity available during operation due to this environment, the environments are difficult to replicate accurately on the ground, the expense of the mechanism development makes it impractical to build and test many units for long periods of time before use, mechanisms tend to be highly specialized and not prone to interchangeability or off-the-shelf use, they can generate and store a lot of energy, and the nature of mechanisms themselves, as a combination of structures, electronics, etc. designed to accomplish specific dynamic performance, makes them very complex and subject to many unpredictable interactions of many types. In addition to their complexities, mechanism are often counted upon to provide critical vehicle functions that can result in catastrophic events should the functions not be performed. It is for this reason that mechanisms are frequently subjected to special scrutiny in safety processes. However, a failure tolerant approach, along with good design and development practices and detailed design reviews, can be developed to allow such notoriously troublesome mechanisms to be utilized confidently in safety-critical applications.

Robertson, Brandan

2008-01-01

426

Lessons Learned from Safety Events  

SciTech Connect

The Hydrogen Incident Reporting and Lessons Learned website (www.h2incidents.org) was launched in 2006 as a database-driven resource for sharing lessons learned from hydrogen-related safety events to raise safety awareness and encourage knowledge-sharing. The development of this database, its first uses and subsequent enhancements have been described at the Second and Third International Conferences on Hydrogen Safety. [1,2] Since 2009, continuing work has not only highlighted the value of safety lessons learned, but enhanced how the database provides access to another safety knowledge tool, Hydrogen Safety Best Practices (http://h2bestpractices.org). Collaborations with the International Energy Agency (IEA) Hydrogen Implementing Agreement (HIA) Task 19 – Hydrogen Safety and others have enabled the database to capture safety event learnings from around the world. This paper updates recent progress, highlights the new “Lessons Learned Corner” as one means for knowledge-sharing and examines the broader potential for collecting, analyzing and using safety event information.

Weiner, Steven C.; Fassbender, Linda L.

2012-11-01

427

A Laboratory Safety Trivia Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the start of each semester, our department begins our chemistry seminar series with a presentation on laboratory safety. All chemistry faculty, staff, graduate students, undergraduate research students, and student laboratory assistants are required to attend. Many of these individuals have sat through these seminars for several years; they feel the seminars are boring and repetitive. In order to enliven these safety presentations, I have created a cooperative online trivia game. It has been my experience that the lab safety trivia game is an effective and entertaining way to teach lab safety.

Gublo, Kristin I.

2003-04-01

428

European perspectives of food safety.  

PubMed

Food safety has been a growing concern among European Union (EU) citizens over the last decades. Despite the fact that food has never been safer, consumers are considerably uncertain and increasingly critical about the safety of their food. The introduction of new principles, such as the primary responsibility of producers, traceability, risk analysis, the separation of risk assessment and risk management provided a more transparent, science-based system in Europe, which can help to restore consumers' lost confidence. The present EU integrated approach to food safety 'from farm to fork' aims to assure a high level of food safety within the EU. PMID:24515443

Bánáti, Diána

2014-08-01

429

ANNUAL SECURITY FIRE SAFETY REPORT  

E-print Network

ANNUAL SECURITY AND FIRE SAFETY REPORT OCTOBER 1, 2013 DARTMOUTH COLLEGE http................................................................................................................................................................... 7 ANNUAL SECURITY REPORT........................................................................................................................9 PREPARATION OF THE REPORT AND DISCLOSURE OF CRIME STATISTICS

430

RADIATION SAFETY COMMITTEE The Radiation Safety Committee shall advise the Provost on all policy matters relating to radiation safety;  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY COMMITTEE Functions The Radiation Safety Committee shall advise the Provost on all policy matters relating to radiation safety; formulate campus radiation safety policies in compliance the Risk Manager) monitor the performance of the Radiation Safety Officer as it relates to implementation

Sze, Lawrence

431

Department of Public Safety Utah Department of Public Safety  

E-print Network

of Public Safety (DPS) and will continue to have an increasing impact as the state's aging population size at the risk of being a safety concern for the general motoring public. This loss of driving privilege with the community. There are even reported health issues such as depression and the loss of mental alertness. While

Tipple, Brett

432

VIEW OF WEST BANK OF ?SAFETY ROD PACKAGE,? INCLUDING SAFETY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF WEST BANK OF ?SAFETY ROD PACKAGE,? INCLUDING SAFETY ROD MOTOR DRIVES (B AND C), DRUMS, AND CLUTCHES, IN A THREE-TIERED RACK IN THE PDP ROOM AT LEVEL +27?, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - Physics Assembly Laboratory, Area A/M, Savannah River Site, Aiken, Aiken County, SC

433

VIEW OF EAST BANK OF ?SAFETY ROD PACKAGE,? INCLUDING SAFETY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF EAST BANK OF ?SAFETY ROD PACKAGE,? INCLUDING SAFETY ROD MOTOR DRIVES (B AND C), DRUMS, AND CLUTCHES, IN A THREE-TIERED RACK IN THE PDP ROOM AT LEVEL +27?, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - Physics Assembly Laboratory, Area A/M, Savannah River Site, Aiken, Aiken County, SC

434

Safety in Aquatic Activities. Sports Safety Series. Monograph No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevention of injuries and control of hazards in aquatic activities is outlined. Discussions include the causes and prevention of aquatic accidents, aquatic safety in the basic instructional program, the design of public swimming facilities, and safety considerations in pool operation and administration. A chapter is devoted to each of the…

Borozne, Joseph, Ed.; And Others

435

Occupational Safety. Personal Safety. Pre-Apprenticeship Phase 1 Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-paced student training module on personal safety is one of a number of modules developed for Pre-apprenticeship Phase 1 Training. Purpose of the module is to teach students types of safety equipment to wear in order to protect themselves against common job site injuries, including head, eye, hearing, respiratory, and hand and foot…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

436

Arizona Traffic Safety Education, K-8. Passenger Safety, Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series designed to assist Arizona elementary and junior high school teachers in developing children's traffic safety skills, this curriculum guide contains eight lessons for use in grade 2. Introductory information provided for the teacher includes basic highway safety concepts, stressing communication methods for highway users,…

Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

437

Beyond chemical safety— an integrated approach to laboratory safety management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health and safety programs for laboratories are typically oriented around specific regulatory requirements, even though hazards in laboratories seldom respect these boundaries. Not only does this place an unnecessary burden on researchers because they have to keep track of several related health and safety activities, it also increases the chance that laboratory hazards might not be addressed because they are

James M. Kapin

1999-01-01

438

Safety-Oriented Design of Component Assemblies using Safety Interfaces  

E-print Network

higher flexibility and shorter time- to-market by the use of off-the-shelf components (COTS). However, the use of COTS in safety-critical system is highly unexplored. First, system safety engineers need the COTS. Typically 1 Email: {jonel,simin}@ida.liu.se This paper is electronically published in Electronic

439

INTEGRATED SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM SAFETY CULTURE IMPROVEMENT INITIATIVE  

SciTech Connect

In 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) identified safety culture as one of their top Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) related priorities. A team was formed to address this issue. The team identified a consensus set of safety culture principles, along with implementation practices that could be used by DOE, NNSA, and their contractors. Documented improvement tools were identified and communicated to contractors participating in a year long pilot project. After a year, lessons learned will be collected and a path forward determined. The goal of this effort was to achieve improved safety and mission performance through ISMS continuous improvement. The focus of ISMS improvement was safety culture improvement building on operating experience from similar industries such as the domestic and international commercial nuclear and chemical industry.

MCDONALD JA JR

2009-01-16

440

Impact of e-safety applications on cyclists' safety.  

PubMed

In years to come, urban areas face the challenge of making transport sustainable in terms of environment and competitiveness. Cycling is a perfect transport means in urban areas. Cyclists have a high casualty rate and should be given special attention in road safety policy. Actions to promote cycling in cities should go together with improving road safety. ICT can be used to develop intelligent applications assisting cyclists to avoid, prevent or mitigate accidents. This paper presents the results of activities focused on the assessment of impacts of ICT on the safety of cyclists, realised in the framework of the EU project SAFECYCLE ( www.safecycle.eu ). E-safety applications were identified that can enhance the safety of cyclists in Europe. Eleven applications were analysed in term of benefits and costs. The results highlighted important differences between European countries in term of awareness about cycling, knowledge about ICT applications and also impacts of these applications. PMID:25363736

Tripodi, Antonino; Persia, Luca

2014-11-01

441

Dynamic safety systems in BWR plant safety systems  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic Safety Systems (DSSs) are reactor safety function systems that are functionally controlled using dynamic rather than static processes. All components including software, whose failure could result in a critical safety system failure, are operationally verified by hard-wired components. Dynamic Safety Systems have been enveloped in the United Kingdom by AEA Technology for use in gas cooled reactors. One such system, known as ISAT{trademark}, is described in this paper. Through use of scenario testing of a DDS emulator on a Boiling Water Reactor plant training simulator described in this paper. Through use of scenario testing of a DSS emulator on a Boiling Water Reactor plant training simulator, it is shown that a DSS can provide a cost effective safety system in BWR power plants.

Miller, D.W.; Hajek, B.K.; Fluhrer, J.R.; Hines, J.W.; Kauffman, A.C.; Toth, G.L. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)] [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States); Adams, G.; Smith, I. [AEA Technology, Dorchester (United Kingdom)] [AEA Technology, Dorchester (United Kingdom); Wilkinson, C.D. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States). Nuclear Power Division] [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States). Nuclear Power Division

1995-08-01

442

49 CFR 385.107 - The safety audit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES Safety Monitoring...the necessary basic safety management controls are specified in...has adequate basic safety management controls, the FMCSA...Mexico-domiciled carrier's basic safety management controls are...

2010-10-01

443

Real time patient safety audits: improving safety every day  

PubMed Central

Background: Timely error detection including feedback to clinical staff is a prerequisite for focused improvement in patient safety. Real time auditing, the efficacy of which has been repeatedly demonstrated in industry, has not been used previously to evaluate patient safety. Methods successful at improving quality and safety in industry may provide avenues for improvement in patient safety. Objective: Pilot study to determine the feasibility and utility of real time safety auditing during routine clinical work in an intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: A 36 item patient safety checklist was developed via a modified Delphi technique. The checklist focused on errors associated with delays in care, equipment failure, diagnostic studies, information transfer and non-compliance with hospital policy. Safety audits were performed using the checklist during and after morning work rounds thrice weekly during the 5 week study period from January to March 2003. Results: A total of 338 errors were detected; 27 (75%) of the 36 items on the checklist detected ?1 error. Diverse error types were found including unlabeled medication at the bedside (n = 31), ID band missing or in an inappropriate location (n = 70), inappropriate pulse oximeter alarm setting (n = 22), and delay in communication/information transfer that led to a delay in appropriate care (n = 4). Conclusions: Real time safety audits performed during routine work can detect a broad range of errors. Significant safety problems were detected promptly, leading to rapid changes in policy and practice. Staff acceptance was facilitated by fostering a blame free "culture of patient safety" involving clinical personnel in detection of remediable gaps in performance, and limiting the burden of data collection. PMID:16076794

Ursprung, R; Gray, J; Edwards, W; Horbar, J; Nickerson, J; Plsek, P; Shiono, P; Suresh, G; Goldmann, D

2005-01-01

444

The Facilities Services Safety Branch Presents...  

E-print Network

... and learned about safety E #12;Safety Fair 2011 E #12;Our Goals 4. Retrieve Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDSThe Facilities Services Safety Branch Presents... Welcome to the Hazard Communication Compliance;Our First Assignment Safety Fair A Warm Welcome to Facilities Services Fun, Fun, Fun! Oh

John, Lizy Kurian

445

Your Health and Safety Boston University  

E-print Network

Right to Know Environmental Health and Safety 9/26/2012 Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) ·IdentityYour Health and Safety at Boston University 704 Commonwealth Ave. 617-353-4094 New Employee Environmental Health & Safety Webpage Environmental Health and Safety 9/26/2012 www.bu.edu/ehs Campus & Clinical

Guenther, Frank

446

SWANSEA UNIVERSITY OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY  

E-print Network

and Safety legislation, and especially: · to ensure control of the health and safety risks arising from itsSWANSEA UNIVERSITY OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction: Health and Safety Policy 2. Specific Policy Objectives 3. Organization of Health and Safety Management 4

Martin, Ralph R.

447

Job Safety and Health It's the law!  

E-print Network

Job Safety and Health It's the law! EMPLOYEES: Must have access to: · DOE safety and health publications; · The worker safety and health program for their location; · This safety and health poster related to worker safety and health; · Decline to perform an assigned task because of a belief

Lee, Jason R.

448

HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN  

E-print Network

HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY June 2012 #12;UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY 2012 Contents Page Foreword by the Principal 2 A) Health and Safety Policy Statement 3 B) Organisation and Responsibilities for Health and Safety 4 C) Health and Safety Management in Schools/Support Services 6 D) Training

Levi, Ran

449

RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE UNIVERSITY 1  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE UNIVERSITY 1 Rice University Radiation Safety Manual Environmental Health and Safety MS 123 P.O. Box 1892 Houston, TX 77251-1892 February 2013 #12;RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE UNIVERSITY 2 INTRODUCTION The goal of the Radiation Safety Manual is to assist lab

Natelson, Douglas

450

RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL 2014 RICE UNIVERSITY 1  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL 2014 RICE UNIVERSITY 1 Rice University Radiation Safety Manual Environmental Health and Safety MS 123 P.O. Box 1892 Houston, TX 77251-1892 January 2014 #12;RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL 2014 RICE UNIVERSITY 2 INTRODUCTION The goal of the Radiation Safety Manual is to assist lab

Natelson, Douglas

451

Toolbox Safety Talk Electrical Safe Work Practices  

E-print Network

materials, and insulated tools must be used. OTHER ELECTRICAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS Portable generators shallToolbox Safety Talk Electrical Safe Work Practices Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Incidents involving electricity can cause

Pawlowski, Wojtek

452

ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SAFETY COMMITTEE  

E-print Network

to the IIT Chemical Hygiene Policy for Lab Safety Standards and the IIT Laboratory Safety Inspection PolicyILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SAFETY COMMITTEE LABORATORY SAFETY INSPECTION POLICY Approved Inspection Plan ("Plan") that addresses its unique risks and safety issues and complies with applicable laws

Heller, Barbara

453

ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SAFETY COMMITTEE  

E-print Network

Chemical Hygiene Policy for Lab Safety Standards and the IIT Laboratory Safety Inspection Policy. 2. SCOPEILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SAFETY COMMITTEE Instructional Laboratory and Workshop Safety/or workshop safety instruction. Such instruction should be offered prior to the students' use

Heller, Barbara

454

ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SAFETY COMMITTEE  

E-print Network

Chemical Hygiene Policy for Lab Safety Standards and the IIT Laboratory Safety Inspection Policy. 2. SCOPEILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SAFETY COMMITTEE Instructional Laboratory and Workshop Safety with laboratory and/or workshop safety instruction. Such instruction should be offered prior to the students' use

Heller, Barbara

455

2014 Hospital National Patient Safety Goals  

E-print Network

2014 Hospital National Patient Safety Goals The purpose of the National Patient Safety Goals is to improve patient safety. The goals focus on problems in health care safety and how to solve them communication NPSG.02.03.01 Identify patient safety risks NPSG.15.01.01 Prevent mistakes in surgery UP.01

Finley Jr., Russell L.

456

Weizmann Institute of Science Safety Services  

E-print Network

1 Weizmann Institute of Science Safety Services 1/3/2005 Update 4 Construction Safety - safety device - at a distance of maximum 10 m from the work place, according to the laboratory. 1.3 Safety signs. This topic is in accordance with the Laboratories Safety Regulations. 3. A room for collecting hazardous

Maoz, Shahar

457

Safety of ESAT-6.  

PubMed

A recombinant dimer of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTb) 6 kDa early secreted antigenic target (ESAT-6) was produced in Lactococcus lactis. Pharmacodynamic and safety studies were carried out in guinea pigs, rats, mice and dogs with intradermal (id), subcutaneous (sc) and intravenous (iv) administration of the antigen. In contrast to tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) the recombinant dimer (rdESAT-6) was able to discriminate MTb infection from BCG vaccination in vivo. In guinea pigs sensitized by infection with MTb, 1 microg rdESAT-6 gave a mean delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response of 22 mm, a significantly stronger reaction than in animals sensitised by the environmental mycobacteria M. kansasii, M. szulgai and M. marinum. rdESAT-6 proved to be a safe tuberculin reagent in a dose range of 1-1000 microg with no or only minor local reactions. PMID:16352469

Aggerbeck, Henrik; Madsen, Sřren M

2006-09-01

458

Ultrasonic imaging: safety considerations  

PubMed Central

Modern ultrasound imaging for diagnostic purposes has a wide range of applications. It is used in obstetrics to monitor the progress of pregnancy, in oncology to visualize tumours and their response to treatment, and, in cardiology, contrast-enhanced studies are used to investigate heart function and physiology. An increasing use of diagnostic ultrasound is to provide the first photograph for baby's album—in the form of a souvenir or keepsake scan that might be taken as part of a routine investigation, or during a visit to an independent high-street ‘boutique’. It is therefore important to ensure that any benefit accrued from these applications outweighs any accompanying risk, and to evaluate the existing ultrasound bio-effect and epidemiology literature with this in mind. This review considers the existing laboratory and epidemiological evidence about the safety of diagnostic ultrasound and puts it in the context of current clinical usage. PMID:22866238

ter Haar, Gail

2011-01-01

459

Electrical safety device  

DOEpatents

An electrical safety device for use in power tools that is designed to automatically discontinue operation of the power tool upon physical contact of the tool with a concealed conductive material. A step down transformer is used to supply the operating power for a disconnect relay and a reset relay. When physical contact is made between the power tool and the conductive material, an electrical circuit through the disconnect relay is completed and the operation of the power tool is automatically interrupted. Once the contact between the tool and conductive material is broken, the power tool can be quickly and easily reactivated by a reset push button activating the reset relay. A remote reset is provided for convenience and efficiency of operation.

White, David B. (Greenock, PA)

1991-01-01

460

Nuclear reactor safety device  

DOEpatents

A safety device is described for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of a thermal excursion. It comprises a laminated strip helically configured to form a tube, said tube being in operative relation to said control rod. The laminated strip is formed of at least two materials having different thermal coefficients of expansion, and is helically configured such that the material forming the outer lamina of the tube has a greater thermal coefficient of expansion than the material forming the inner lamina of said tube. In the event of a thermal excursion the laminated strip will tend to curl inwardly so that said tube will increase in length, whereby as said tube increases in length it exerts a force on said control rod to axially reposition said control rod with respect to said core.

Hutter, E.

1983-08-15

461

77 FR 25179 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Surgical Safety Institute  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment...Surgical Safety Institute of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005...

2012-04-27

462

76 FR 22033 - Safety Zone; Red River Safety Zone, Red River, MN  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...USCG-2011-0263] RIN 1625-AAOO Safety Zone; Red River Safety Zone, Red River, MN AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary...MN is establishing a temporary safety zone on the Red River, MN. This safety zone is being...

2011-04-20

463

Rice University Environmental Health and Safety Laboratory-Specific Radiological Safety Training Attendance Record  

E-print Network

, notices, and EHS Radiation Safety Manual. [ ] Where radioactive material is used within the lab(sRice University Environmental Health and Safety Laboratory-Specific Radiological Safety Training. [ ] Review of written protocols involving radioactive material. [ ] Radiological safety considerations

Natelson, Douglas

464

Science & Safety: Making the Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides information on the most commonly asked science safety questions by science teachers primarily at the secondary school level. Topics include the legal responsibilities of a science teacher, a general safety checklist, proper labeling and storing of chemicals, purchasing of new chemicals and disposing of old chemicals, a…

Council of State Science Supervisors, VA.

465

Safety Regulations of Food Enzymes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The majority of industrial enzymes available at present is used in food industry. Safe- ty regulations of food enzymes differ among countries, including fundamental aspects, whether a pre-market approval is needed and on the level of details, e.g. what particular information manufacturers have to provide in the course of safety evaluation. Occupa- tional safety concerns focus on allergenic properties

Armin Spök

466

_____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program  

E-print Network

overview of the safety principles of the Division's safety processes and culture. Discussion will include _________ __________________ Training Program FAC0014 Facilities Division New Employee Orientation Course Syllabus Subject Category Frequency: One time Course Purpose: This course is designed to give Facilities Division new hires a general

Eisen, Michael

467

IMPORTANCE OF SAFETY CULTURE ASSESSMENT  

SciTech Connect

Safety Management has lately been considered by some Nuclear Regulatory agencies as the tool on which to concentrate their efforts to implement modern regulation structures, because Safety Culture was said to be difficult to monitor. However, Safety Culture can be assessed and monitored even if it is problematical to make Safety Culture the object of regulation. This paper stresses the feasibility and importance of Safety Culture Assessment based on self-assessment applications performed in several nuclear organizations in Latin America. Reasons and ownership for assessing Safety Culture are discussed, and relevant aspects considered for setting up and programming such an assessment are shown. Basic principles that were taken into account, as well as financial and human resources used in actual self-assessments are reviewed, including the importance of adequate statistical analyses and the necessity of proper feed-back of results. The setting up of action plans to enhance Safety Culture is the final step of the assessment program that once implemented will enable to establish a Safety Culture monitoring process within the organization.

Spitalnik, J.

2004-10-06

468

Microbial safety of fresh produce  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The book entitled “Microbial Safety of Fresh Produce” with 23 chapters is divided into following six sections: Microbial contamination of fresh produce, Pre-harvest strategies, post-harvest interventions, Produce safety during processing and handling, Public, legal, and economic Perspectives, and Re...

469

Safety and dwelling in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

The persuasion is that urban safety is an issue few cities can ignore; however, we have not one but several approaches to strengthening urban safety. This paper suggests a focus on urban and community identity, drawn from the Singaporean experience. Singapore is distinguished by its high density (6060 persons\\/km2) and relatively low crime rate, even though 86% of its population

Belinda Yuen

2004-01-01

470

Research developments for aircraft safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper deals with an aviation safety technology program, whose objective is to provide technology for near-term application to civil transport aircraft and for designing the next generation of advanced transports. The influence of research and development efforts on current safety levels and aircraft operating efficiency is examined.

Hodge, K. E.

1980-01-01

471

Laboratory Safety and Chemical Hazards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Toxicology/chemical hazards, safety policy, legal responsibilities, adequacy of ventilation, chemical storage, evaluating experimental hazards, waste disposal, and laws governing chemical safety were among topics discussed in 10 papers presented at the Seventh Biennial Conference on Chemical Education (Stillwater, Oklahoma 1982). Several topics…

Journal of Chemical Education, 1983

1983-01-01

472

2013 Traffic Safety Culture Index  

MedlinePLUS

... SummaryDescription.pdf. 13. Current Population Survey: October 2013. [Data files]. Washington, DC: Bureau of Census. http://www.bls.gov/cps/. 14. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. (2013). 2013 Drowsy Driving Fact Sheet . Washington, DC: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. Available: ...

473

ASSESSMENTASSESSMENT John Davies Safety Officer  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT FILE & COURSE WORKBOOK #12;Definition of Safety Health and safety is a condition free from risk. #12;Risk Assessment - BackgroundRisk AssessmentRisk Assessment -- BackgroundBackground Health #12;COURSE AIMCOURSE AIMCOURSE AIM To produce effective risk assessors who are able to cover the broad

Martin, Ralph R.

474

In the Spotlight: School Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Focused on school safety, the site above provides a host of information from the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS). As with previous In the Spotlight offerings from NCJRS (see the August 17, 2001 Scout Report), the front page of the School Safety site acts as a portal to statistical information, legislation, relevant publications, funding opportunities, other related Websites, and more.

2001-01-01

475

Tractor Safety. Unit A-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a teacher's guide for a unit in tractor and machinery safety for college freshmen. It is intended to be used for 10 hours of instruction for freshmen who are intending to work on or around machinery. Safety hazards directly and indirectly related to many types of machinery are covered in addition to tractors. The objectives of the…

Luft, Vernon D.; Backlund, Paul

476

Safety of ultrasound contrast agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of ultrasound contrast agents has increased over recent years. The Contrast Media Safety Committee (CMSC) of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) decided to review the safety of ultrasound contrast agents in humans and to draw up guidelines. A comprehensive literature search and review was carried out. The resulting report was discussed by the CMSC of ESUR

Jarl Ĺ. Jakobsen; Raymond Oyen; Henrik S. Thomsen; Sameh K. Morcos

2005-01-01

477

Safety in automated transportation tunnels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the main safety features in Dubai International Airport (DIA) tunnel. The safety levels have been enhanced because of using centrally controlled electromechanical systems and ITS (Intelligent Transportation System) components and all operated by SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) technology. Redundancy of critical devices is ensured to maintain continuous back alternatives in case of systems defects or

Ahmed O. Abdul Salam; Roads Lighting

2007-01-01

478

Environmental Health and Safety Assessment  

E-print Network

Environmental Health and Safety Assessment Program Manual 7/15/2013 #12;Environmental Health/26/2013. The most recent version of this document is available electronically at: http://sp.ehs.cornell.edu/env/general-environmental-management/environmental.........................................................................................................................4 #12;Environmental Health and Safety Assessment Program Manual Approved by: (Barb English) Last

Pawlowski, Wojtek

479

Safety and effectiveness of vasectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To recommend further research on vasectomy based on a systematic review of the effectiveness and safety of vasectomy. Design: A systematic MEDLINE review of the literature on the safety and effectiveness of vasectomy between 1964 and 1998. Main Outcome Measure(s): Early failure rates are ,1%; however, effectiveness and complications vary with experience of surgeons and surgical technique. Early complications,

Pamela J. Schwingl; Harry A. Guess

2000-01-01

480

System safety engineering analysis handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic requirements and guidelines for the preparation of System Safety Engineering Analysis are presented. The philosophy of System Safety and the various analytic methods available to the engineering profession are discussed. A text-book description of each of the methods is included.

Ijams, T. E.

1972-01-01

481

Balancing Safety and Free Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to Jay Worona, general counsel for the New York State School Board Association, "Balancing safety and student constitutional rights is not easy. It has to be a careful balance. School officials must be prudent and not overreact. But one part of the equation has to be paramount. And safety should be the primary concern" (personal…

Hudson, David L., Jr.

2004-01-01

482

Modelling of safety management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management systems for safety and environment and audits for assessing them have been a major research topic of the last few years. This attention has been fuelled by increasing emphasis in European directives on auditable safety management systems (SMS)11The concept ‘SMS’ is used throughout this paper as a shorthand term to cover the management of all unintended risks to life,

A. R. Hale; B. H. J. Heming; J. Carthey; B. Kirwan

1997-01-01

483

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS & SAFETY GUIDE EMERGENCIES  

E-print Network

& Communications Motorist Assist Program Other: EMERGENCY CONTACT INFO continued 617-496-NEWS 617-495-1585 617EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS & SAFETY GUIDE EMERGENCY CONTACTS REPORTING EMERGENCIES MEDICAL EMERGENCIES Health & Safety (EH&S) EMERGENCY CONTACT INFORMATION 911 617-495-1212 617-495-5560 617-432-1901 617

484

Pennsylvania Industrial Arts Safety Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety education information is provided in this guide designed for Pennsylvania industrial arts teachers. Twelve sections and section topics include the following: introduction (policy statement on safety); responsibility (school board and superintendent, principal and/or department head, the teacher); emergency action (primary concerns,…

Stoudt, John Y., Ed.; And Others

485

327 Building Safety Analysis Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to systematically identify and analyze the hazards associated with the stabilization and deactivation of the 327 Building. This SAR establishes the Safety Basis for the 327 Building and was prepared in accordance with HNF-3731,327 Building Safety Basis Criteria Document. Applied technology legend removed per DOE/HQ letter dated 10/29/2001.

HENDERSON, J.F.

2001-01-15

486

Guide for Science Laboratory Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General and specific safety procedures and recommendations for secondary school science laboratories are provided in this guide. Areas of concern include: (1) chemicals (storage, disposal, toxicity, unstable and incompatible chemicals); (2) microorganisms; (3) plants; (4) animals; (5) electricity; (6) lasers; (7) rockets; (8) eye safety and…

McDermott, John J.

487

Safety in the Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this K-12 science safety resource is to bring together information needed by administrators, planners, teachers and support staff to help them make sound decisions regarding science safety. The document identifies areas for decision making and action at a variety of levels. It supports planning and action by providing information on…

Online Submission, 2006

2006-01-01

488

ANNUAL SECURITY & FIRE SAFETY REPORT  

E-print Network

ANNUAL SECURITY & FIRE SAFETY REPORT 2014 A guide to policies, procedures, practices, and programs implemented to keep students, faculty, and staff safe and facilities secure. www.montana.edu/reports/security.pdf #12;Inside this Report 2014 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report for Reporting Year 2013

Maxwell, Bruce D.

489

49 CFR 385.321 - What failures of safety management practices disclosed by the safety audit will result in a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... What failures of safety management practices disclosed by the...SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety... What failures of safety management practices disclosed by the... The failures of safety management practices consist of a...

2010-10-01

490

ASAP Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the First Quarterly Report for the newly reconstituted Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP). The NASA Administrator rechartered the Panel on November 18,2003, to provide an independent, vigilant, and long-term oversight of NASA's safety policies and programs well beyond Return to Flight of the Space Shuttle. The charter was revised to be consistent with the original intent of Congress in enacting the statute establishing ASAP in 1967 to focus on NASA's safety and quality systems, including industrial and systems safety, risk-management and trend analysis, and the management of these activities.The charter also was revised to provide more timely feedback to NASA by requiring quarterly rather than annual reports, and by requiring ASAP to perform special assessments with immediate feedback to NASA. ASAP was positioned to help institutionalize the safety culture of NASA in the post- Stafford-Covey Return to Flight environment.

2004-01-01

491

Fire safety applications for spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fire safety for spacecraft is reviewed by first describing current practices, many of which are adapted directly from aircraft. Then, current analyses and experimental knowledge in low-gravity combustion, with implications for fire safety are discussed. In orbiting spacecraft, the detection and suppression of flames are strongly affected by the large reduction in buoyant flows under low gravity. Generally, combustion intensity is reduced in low gravity. There are some notable exceptions, however, one example being the strong enhancement of flames by low-velocity ventilation flows in space. Finally, the future requirements in fire safety, particularly the needs of long-duration space stations in fire prevention, detection, extinguishment, and atmospheric control are examined. The goal of spacecraft fire-safety investigations is the establishment of trade-offs that promote maximum safety without hampering the useful human and scientific activities in space.

Friedman, Robert; Olson, Sandra L.

1989-01-01

492

Safety Features in Anaesthesia Machine  

PubMed Central

Anaesthesia is one of the few sub-specialties of medicine, which has quickly adapted technology to improve patient safety. This application of technology can be seen in patient monitoring, advances in anaesthesia machines, intubating devices, ultrasound for visualisation of nerves and vessels, etc., Anaesthesia machines have come a long way in the last 100 years, the improvements being driven both by patient safety as well as functionality and economy of use. Incorporation of safety features in anaesthesia machines and ensuring that a proper check of the machine is done before use on a patient ensures patient safety. This review will trace all the present safety features in the machine and their evolution. PMID:24249880

Subrahmanyam, M; Mohan, S

2013-01-01

493

Health, Safety, and Environment Division  

SciTech Connect

The primary responsibility of the Health, Safety, and Environmental (HSE) Division at the Los Alamos National Laboratory is to provide comprehensive occupational health and safety programs, waste processing, and environmental protection. These activities are designed to protect the worker, the public, and the environment. Meeting these responsibilities requires expertise in many disciplines, including radiation protection, industrial hygiene, safety, occupational medicine, environmental science and engineering, analytical chemistry, epidemiology, and waste management. New and challenging health, safety, and environmental problems occasionally arise from the diverse research and development work of the Laboratory, and research programs in HSE Division often stem from these applied needs. These programs continue but are also extended, as needed, to study specific problems for the Department of Energy. The results of these programs help develop better practices in occupational health and safety, radiation protection, and environmental science.

Wade, C [comp.] [comp.

1992-01-01

494

Perceptions of safety management and safety culture in the aviation industry in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses industry wide survey data to assess employees’ perceptions of safety management and safety culture in the aviation industry. Results show that organisations, in ensuring safety, considered employees’ safety responsibilities to be more important than implementing effective safety management systems and encouraging positive safety culture. Aircraft maintenance engineers appeared to be committed to standards and operating procedures and

Gurjeet K Gill; Gurvinder S Shergill

2004-01-01

495

Columbia University Health Sciences Health & Safety Manual 2003 Laboratory Safety Section -Page 43  

E-print Network

Columbia University Health Sciences ­ Health & Safety Manual 2003 Laboratory Safety Section - Page;ColumbiaUniversityHealthSciences­Health&SafetyManual2003 LaboratorySafetySection-Page44 Attachment&ChemicalHygieneTraining(seescheduleviaEH&Swebsite) #12;Columbia University Health Sciences ­ Health & Safety Manual 2003 Laboratory Safety Section - Page

Jia, Songtao

496

School of Engineering Laboratory Safety Manual  

E-print Network

a pipet in the Biological Safety Cabinet......................................... II-13 C. In the LabSchool of Engineering Laboratory Safety Manual and Chemical Hygiene Plan #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS I Officers.................................................................... I-3 4. Bruin Safety Program

Jalali. Bahram

497

Birck anotechnology Center Biological Safety & Operations  

E-print Network

: .....................................................................................................................................................7 1.4.5. Biological Safety Cabinet (BSCBirck anotechnology Center Biological Safety & Operations Lab Director of BNC IN 1 Birck anotechnology Center Biological Safety & Operations Manual Created 19 April 2009 Christy L. Cooper BNC Asst

Holland, Jeffrey

498

49 CFR 229.109 - Safety valves.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators § 229.109 Safety valves. Every steam generator shall be equipped with at least...possible without discharging inside of the generator compartment. The ends of the safety...

2012-10-01

499

49 CFR 229.109 - Safety valves.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators § 229.109 Safety valves. Every steam generator shall be equipped with at least...possible without discharging inside of the generator compartment. The ends of the safety...

2010-10-01

500

49 CFR 229.109 - Safety valves.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators § 229.109 Safety valves. Every steam generator shall be equipped with at least...possible without discharging inside of the generator compartment. The ends of the safety...

2013-10-01