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1

Pedestrian Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... blurb should go here Social Media ACEP in Social Media Campaigns Campaigns Read Patient Stories Health News About Emergencies Childhood / Student Emergencies Diseases & Infections Disaster Preparedness Elderly Safety Holiday & Seasonal Injury Prevention Travel & Motor Vehicle ...

2

Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 14: Pedestrian Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 14 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on pedestrian safety. The purpose and objectives of a pedestrian safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the area of pedestrian safety and policies regarding a safety program…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

3

Traffic Safety Facts: Pedestrians  

MedlinePLUS

... in Relation to Land Use, Non-Motorist Location, Weather and Time of Day Pedestrians Killed Percentage of ... 19% Non-Intersection 68% 70% Other 10% 10% Weather Clear/Cloudy 88% 88% Rain 9% 9% Snow ...

4

Development of Model Regulations for Pedestrian Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nine model regulations to improve pedestrian safety are presented. Each is targeted at one or more specific types of pedestrian accidents identified in previous research and is intended for codification with existing state or municipal vehicle and traffic...

R. D. Blomberg A. Hale E. F. Kearney

1974-01-01

5

Arizona Traffic Safety Education, K-3. Pedestrian Safety, Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series designed to assist Arizona elementary and junior high school teachers in developing children's traffic safety skills, this curriculum guide contains nine lessons on pedestrian safety for use in grade 3. Introductory information provided for the teacher includes basic highway safety concepts, stressing communication methods for…

Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

6

Arizona Traffic Safety Education, K-8. Pedestrian Safety, Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series designed to assist Arizona elementary and junior high school teachers in developing children's traffic safety skills, this curriculum guide contains eight lessons on pedestrian safety for use in grade 2. Introductory information provided for the teacher includes basic highway safety concepts, stressing communication methods for…

Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

7

Traffic Safety Facts, 2001: Pedestrians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides statistical information on U.S. traffic accidents involving pedestrians. Data tables include: (1) trends in pedestrian and total traffic fatalities, 1991-2001; (2) pedestrians killed and injured, by age group, 2001; (3) non-occupant traffic fatalities, 1991-2001; (4) pedestrian fatalities, by time of day and day of week,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

8

Pedestrians. Traffic Safety Facts, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides statistical information on U.S. traffic accidents involving pedestrians. Data tables include: (1) trends in pedestrian and total traffic fatalities, 1990-2000; (2) pedestrians killed and injured, by age group, 2000; (3) non-occupant traffic fatalities, 1990-2000; (4) pedestrian fatalities, by time of day and day of week,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

9

Traffic Safety Facts 2004: Pedestrians.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2004, 4,461 pedestrians were killed in traffic crashes in the United States-a decrease of 15 percent from the 5,489 pedestrians killed in 1994. On average, a pedestrian is killed in a traffic crash every 113 minutes and injured in a traffic crash every...

2004-01-01

10

Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety. Volume 1. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study of Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety was to identify problems associated with pedestrian-vehicle interactions at intersections, develop countermeasure concepts that would reduce these problems, and evaluate the...

R. G. Petzold

1977-01-01

11

Quieter Cars and the Safety of Blind Pedestrians: Phase I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration recognizes that quieter cars such as hybrid-electric vehicles in low-speed operation using their electric motors, may introduce a safety issue for pedestrians who are blind. This study documents the overa...

2010-01-01

12

Improving Pedestrian and Motorist Safety Along Light Rail Alignments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report addresses pedestrian and motorist behaviors contributing to light rail transit (LRT) safety and describes mitigating measures available to improve safety along LRT alignments. It also includes recommendations to facilitate the compilation of a...

A. Clavelle D. Cleghorn H. S. Levinson J. Boone M. Masliah

2009-01-01

13

Validity of instruments to assess students' travel and pedestrian safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs are designed to make walking and bicycling to school safe and accessible for children. Despite their growing popularity, few validated measures exist for assessing important outcomes such as type of student transport or pedestrian safety behaviors. This research validated the SRTS school travel survey and a pedestrian safety behavior checklist. METHODS: Fourth grade

Jason A Mendoza; Kathy Watson; Tom Baranowski; Theresa A Nicklas; Doris K Uscanga; Marcus J Hanfling

2010-01-01

14

Pedestrian Safety--A Step in the Right Direction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains interdisciplinary teaching materials to help administrators and teachers develop pedestrian safety programs. The materials can be easily integrated with language arts, art, and social studies courses. Objectives of the materials, which can be used in kindergarten through grade nine, include understanding pedestrians' rights and…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

15

Primary Grade Teachers' Perceptions and Practices regarding Pedestrian Safety Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Pedestrian injury is the third leading cause of unintentional injury and death among children 1-14 years old. The purpose of this study was to examine primary grade teachers' perceived role in pedestrian safety education. Methods: A total of 630 surveys were sent to a national random sample of primary school teachers and 54% responded.…

Lartey, Grace K.; Price, James H.; Telljohann, Susan K.; Dake, Joseph A.; Yingling, Faith

2007-01-01

16

Safety Action; Traffic and Pedestrian Safety. A Guide for Teachers in the Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Elementary, grades 1-6. SUBJECT MATTER: Safety action, traffic and pedestrian safety. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: After introductory material explaining the philosophy of the guide, the elementary school child, characteristics of children as related to safety, and the responsibility of the safety team, the guide has…

Department of Transportation, Washington, DC.

17

Arizona Traffic Safety Education, K-8. Pedestrian Safety, Grades K-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series designed to assist Arizona elementary and junior high school teachers in developing children's traffic safety skills, this curriculum guide contains thirteen lessons on pedestrian safety for use in kindergarten and grade 1. Introductory information provided for the teacher includes basic highway safety concepts, stressing…

Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

18

An Innovative Pedestrian Crosswalk Safety Device Demonstration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the program was to demonstrate and evaluate innovative applications of various crosswalk information systems. Evaluations were made by traffic experts, paid driver and pedestrian subjects, and drivers and pedestrians in the general traffic ...

A. F. Malo A. Freed D. E. Cleveland J. V. Arthungal C. Jorgeson

1971-01-01

19

California Guide for Pedestrian Safety Education. Volumes I-III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to serve as the basis for a pedestrian safety education program for pupils in kindergarten through grade two. The basic printed materials for use in the program are provided in three volumes, each of which is intended for a different audience. Volume I, directed to school administrators and teachers, contains information for…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

20

Evaluation of Surrogate Measures for Pedestrian Safety in Various Road and Roadside Environments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents an investigation of pedestrian conflicts and crash count models to learn which exposure measures and roadway or roadside characteristics significantly influence pedestrian safety at road crossings. Negative binomial models were estima...

J. N. Ivan N. Ravishanker S. Islam V. Serhiyenko

2012-01-01

21

Safety Education. A Guide To Help Prevent Accidents Associated with the Home, Student Transportation, Disasters, Pedestrians, Passengers, Fires, Consumerism, Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide presents 10 instructional units for one portion of the Texas-approved course in driver and safety education. The units cover the following topics: what is safety?; accident causation and prevention; home safety; student transportation safety; disasters; pedestrian safety; passenger safety; fire safety; consumer safety; and…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

22

Acoustic Characteristics of Hybrid Electric Vehicles and the Safety of Pedestrians Who are Blind.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quieter cars such as electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) may reduce auditory cues used by pedestrians to assess the state of nearby traffic and, as a result, their use may have an adverse impact on pedestrian safety. In order to do...

A. Hastings B. Samiljan C. Scarpone J. K. Pollard L. Garay-Vega

2010-01-01

23

Pattern of pedestrian injuries in the city of Nairobi: implications for urban safety planning.  

PubMed

Pedestrians are overrepresented in road traffic injuries and deaths in Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, yet little research has been done to provide better understanding of the characteristics of pedestrian injuries. This paper presents the data obtained from road traffic injury admissions to Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) over a 3-month period starting from 1 June to 31 August 2011. A total of 176 persons involved road traffic injuries in Nairobi were admitted to KNH during this period. Pedestrians comprised the highest (59.1 %) proportion of road traffic injury admissions, followed by motor vehicle passengers (24.4 %) and motor cyclists (9.7 %). Bicyclists and drivers accounted for 5.1 and 1.7 %, respectively. Cars (39.4 %) were the leading category of motorized four-wheeler vehicles that were involved in collisions with pedestrians, followed by matatus (35.5 %). Seventy percent of pedestrians were hit while crossing the road, 10.8 % while standing by the road, and 8.1 % while walking along the road. The highest proportion of pedestrian crashes occurred on Saturdays (25.5 %) and Sundays (16.7 %). Most of the pedestrian injuries (67.7 %) affected the limbs. The paper argues that safety of pedestrians should be a priority in road safety efforts in the city of Nairobi. Urban road safety planners should adopt existing cost-effective interventions to improve the safety of pedestrians such as area-wide traffic calming to limit the speeds of motor vehicles to 30 km/h, providing sidewalks for pedestrians, traffic calming in residential neighborhoods, people-and-not-car-oriented urban road designs, traffic education, and enforcement of traffic regulations. PMID:23430375

Ogendi, Japheths; Odero, Wilson; Mitullah, Winnie; Khayesi, Meleckidzedeck

2013-10-01

24

Training children in pedestrian safety: distinguishing gains in knowledge from gains in safe behavior.  

PubMed

Pedestrian injuries contribute greatly to child morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence suggests that training within virtual pedestrian environments may improve children's street crossing skills, but may not convey knowledge about safety in street environments. We hypothesized that (a) children will gain pedestrian safety knowledge via videos/software/internet websites, but not when trained by virtual pedestrian environment or other strategies; (b) pedestrian safety knowledge will be associated with safe pedestrian behavior both before and after training; and (c) increases in knowledge will be associated with increases in safe behavior among children trained individually at streetside locations, but not those trained by means of other strategies. We analyzed data from a randomized controlled trial evaluating pedestrian safety training. We randomly assigned 240 children ages 7-8 to one of four training conditions: videos/software/internet, virtual reality (VR), individualized streetside instruction, or a no-contact control. Both virtual and field simulations of street crossing at 2-lane bi-directional mid-block locations assessed pedestrian behavior at baseline, post-training, and 6-month follow-up. Pedestrian knowledge was assessed orally on all three occasions. Children trained by videos/software/internet, and those trained individually, showed increased knowledge following training relative to children in the other groups (ps < 0.01). Correlations between pedestrian safety knowledge and pedestrian behavior were mostly non-significant. Correlations between change in knowledge and change in behavior from pre- to post-intervention also were non-significant, both for the full sample and within conditions. Children trained using videos/software/internet gained knowledge but did not change their behavior. Children trained individually gained in both knowledge and safer behavior. Children trained virtually gained in safer behavior but not knowledge. If VR is used for training, tools like videos/internet might effectively supplement training. We discovered few associations between knowledge and behavior, and none between changes in knowledge and behavior. Pedestrian safety knowledge and safe pedestrian behavior may be orthogonal constructs that should be considered independently for research and training purposes. PMID:24573688

Schwebel, David C; McClure, Leslie A

2014-06-01

25

Pedestrian Safety: Injury Control Curriculum Guide (For K - 3rd Grade). Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide attempts to help the early childhood teacher show children how to incorporate safety precautions into daily life. Good safety practices can prevent the death or injury of young children by automobile, truck, bus, pedestrian, bicycle, and tricycle accidents. The guide focuses on student involvement in the learning process and…

Wooner, Rosestelle B., Ed.

26

Classroom Activities in School Bus and Pedestrian Safety Education. Bulletin No. 93138.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School bus and related pedestrian safety education is prevention-oriented so that students will learn how to avoid bus-related accidents. This manual provides lesson plans emphasizing the school bus stop, loading and unloading zones, emergency evacuation drills, and appropriate behavior on the school bus. The guide also recognizes demographic…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Transportation, Madison.

27

Teaching about Hazard Identification and Injury Control: A Student-Based Project Focusing on Pedestrian Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students learn to practice safe behavior most effectively when they are actively involved in the process of identifying and controlling hazards. This article focuses on a problem faced by many urban-based schools--pedestrian safety. Hazard identification projects can be used to train students to develop practical, effective hazard controls. The…

Wojtowicz, G. Greg; DesLauriers, Karen

28

Predicting the effect of various ISA penetration grades on pedestrian safety by simulation.  

PubMed

Intelligent speed adaption (ISA) is one type of vehicle-based intelligent transportation systems (ITS), which warns and regulates driving speed according to the speed limits of the roads. Early field studies showed that ISA could reduce general mean speed levels and their variances in different road environments. This paper studies the effects of various ISA penetration grades on pedestrian safety in a single lane road. A microscopic traffic simulation tool, TPMA, was further developed and used to implement different ISA penetration grades. Momentary spot speed and traffic flow data are first logged in the traffic simulation for later prediction of pedestrian safety. Then a hypothetical vehicle-pedestrian collision model is extended from early researches in order to estimate two safety indicators: probability of collision, and risk of death. Finally, Monte Carlo method is applied iteratively to compute those safety indices. The computational result shows that raising ISA penetration in traffic flow will reduce both the probability of mid-block collision between vehicle and pedestrian and the risk of death in the collision accidents. Furthermore, the decrease of the risk of death will be more prominent than that of the collision probability according to this method. PMID:16061189

Ma, Xiaoliang; Andréasson, Ingmar

2005-11-01

29

Using Theory to Guide Practice in Children's Pedestrian Safety Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few pedestrian injury prevention programs appear to articulate the theory upon which their design and evaluation are based. This article describes how theory was used to plan, develop, implement, and evaluate the educational component of a comprehensive child pedestrian intervention. Organizational and planning theories were used to guide the…

Cross, Donna; Hall, Margaret; Howat, Peter

2003-01-01

30

Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility in Europe.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pedestrian and bicyclist deaths accounted for 14 percent of U.S. highway fatalities in 2008. The Federal Highway Administration, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, and National Cooperative Highway Research Program sponsore...

C. L. Engelhart E. J. Blais E. L. Fischer G. K. Rousseau S. M. Turner

2010-01-01

31

Age-related differences in street-crossing safety before and after training of older pedestrians.  

PubMed

International accident statistics indicate that elderly pedestrians make up an extremely vulnerable road-user group. Past research has shown that older adults make many unsafe street-crossing decisions and adopt insufficient safety margins, especially when vehicles are approaching at high speed. Apart from studies on road design and speed-limit countermeasures, there is surprisingly no road-safety research on behavior-based measures to improve older pedestrians' safety. In this line, the present study was aimed at (i) assessing the effectiveness of a training program for older pedestrians that combined behavioral and educational interventions, and (ii) examining whether and to what extent age-related differences in street-crossing safety could be reduced after training older adults. Twenty seniors were enrolled in a training program. Before, immediately after, and six months after training, street-crossing behavior was assessed using a simulated street-crossing task. Twenty younger participants performed the same simulated task to obtain a baseline measure. The results showed that the training produced significant short- and long-term benefits, due to a shifting of the decision criteria among the older participants towards more conservative judgments. When compared with the younger group, the older participants improved their behavior considerably so that significant differences in the mean safety-related indicators were no longer observed. However, the older participants' ability to take the oncoming car's speed into account did not improve. Even after training, and contrary to younger adults, older participants were found to make more and more unsafe decisions as the car's speed increased, putting them at a higher risk at high speeds. This finding may reflect age-related perceptual and cognitive difficulties that cannot be remedied by a behavioral or educational training method. The present findings underline that high speed is an important risk factor for elderly pedestrians that should be handled by effective speed reduction measures (i.e. speed ramps, road narrowing). PMID:22062335

Dommes, Aurélie; Cavallo, Viola; Vienne, Fabrice; Aillerie, Isabelle

2012-01-01

32

Using Interactive Multimedia to Teach Pedestrian Safety: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To evaluate an interactive multimedia (IMM) program that teaches young children safe pedestrian skills. Methods: The program uses IMM (animation and video) to teach children critical skills for crossing streets safely. A computer-delivered video assessment and a real-life street simulation were used to measure the effectiveness of the…

Glang, Ann; Noell, John; Ary, Dennis; Swartz, Lynne

2005-01-01

33

Raised crosswalks on entrance to the roundabout-a case study on effectiveness of treatment on pedestrian safety and convenience.  

PubMed

Objective: A common concern in the use of a roundabout is providing adequately for the pedestrian. This unique roundabout layout, which introduces raised crosswalks directly at the roundabout entrance, as opposed to at a car length back, aims at improving safety and convenience for pedestrians at roundabouts. Methods: A preliminary evaluation of the layout was undertaken to establish its effectiveness in meeting study objectives. A quasi-experimental before-and-after study design was used to compare speeds on approach and immediately prior to the crossing to ascertain potential impact speed and implications for pedestrian safety. Compliance to crossing and crossing time were also compared in relation to safety and convenience outcomes. A questionnaire assessed pedestrian perception of the safety and convenience at the roundabout before and after treatment. Results: Results from this case study indicate that mean approach speeds (free speeds 30 m from crossing) reduced from 32.7 to 30.7 km/h and immediately prior to crossing, mean speeds reduced from 19.1 to 16.3 km/h. There was also a marked reduction in proportions of vehicles traveling at speeds that could elevate risk to pedestrians. Total crossing time after treatment reduced by around 4 s, and crossing compliance increased from approximately half to approximately 90 percent. Survey of pedestrians indicated positive response to the perceived safety and convenience posttreatment. Conclusions: Preliminary results of the case study suggest positive safety and convenience outcomes. Implications for pedestrian safety include less exposure to traffic and lower risk of serious injury, particularly for elderly pedestrians; convenience outcomes include shorter waiting times to cross and greater compliance to the crossing. A larger study is required to substantiate the findings. PMID:24867573

Candappa, Nimmi; Stephan, Karen; Fotheringham, Nicola; Lenné, Michael G; Corben, Bruce

2014-08-18

34

Distraction and Pedestrian Safety: How Talking on the Phone, Texting, and Listening to Music Impact Crossing the Street  

PubMed Central

As use of handheld multimedia devices has exploded globally, safety experts have begun to consider the impact of distraction while talking, text-messaging, or listening to music on traffic safety. This study was designed to test how talking on the phone, texting, and listening to music may influence pedestrian safety. 138 college students crossed an interactive, semi-immersive virtual pedestrian street. They were randomly assigned to one of four groups: crossing while talking on the phone, crossing while texting, crossing while listening to a personal music device, or crossing while undistracted. Participants distracted by music or texting were more likely to be hit by a vehicle in the virtual pedestrian environment than were undistracted participants. Participants in all three distracted groups were more likely to look away from the street environment (and look toward other places, such as their telephone or music device) than were undistracted participants. Findings were maintained after controlling for demographics, walking frequency, and media use frequency. Distraction from multimedia devices has a small but meaningful impact on college students’ pedestrian safety. Future research should consider the cognitive demands of pedestrian safety, and how those processes may be impacted by distraction. Policymakers might consider ways to protect distracted pedestrians from harm and to reduce the number of individuals crossing streets while distracted.

Schwebel, David C.; Stavrinos, Despina; Byington, Katherine W.; Davis, Tiffany; O'Neal, Elizabeth E.; de Jong, Desiree

2011-01-01

35

Child pedestrian safety: Parental supervision, modeling behaviors, and beliefs about child pedestrian competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pedestrian injuries are a significant health risk to children, particularly those 5–9 years of age. Surprisingly, few studies have explored parent-related factors that may moderate this risk. The present study used naturalistic observations of parent–child pairs crossing at uncontrolled intersections and a short interview to examine parental supervision of children during crossings, modeling of safe-crossing behaviors, beliefs about how children

Barbara A. Morrongiello; Benjamin K. Barton

2009-01-01

36

Integrated assessment of pedestrian head impact protection in testing secondary safety and autonomous emergency braking.  

PubMed

Pedestrian impact testing is used to provide information to the public about the relative level of protection provided by different vehicles to a struck pedestrian. Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) is a relatively new technology that aims to reduce the impact speed of such crashes. It is expected that vehicles with AEB will pose less harm to pedestrians, and that the benefit will come about through reductions in the number of collisions and a change in the severity of impacts that will still occur. In this paper, an integration of the assessment of AEB performance and impact performance is proposed based on average injury risk. Average injury risk is calculated using the result of an impact test and a previously published distribution of real world crash speeds. A second published speed distribution is used that accounts for the effects of AEB, and reduced average risks are implied. This principle allows the effects of AEB systems and secondary safety performance to be integrated into a single measure of safety. The results are used to examine the effect of AEB on Euro NCAP and ANCAP assessments using previously published results on the likely effect of AEB. The results show that, given certain assumptions about AEB performance, the addition of AEB is approximately the equivalent of increasing Euro NCAP test performance by one band, which corresponds to an increase in the score of 25% of the maximum. PMID:24246294

Searson, D J; Anderson, R W G; Hutchinson, T P

2014-02-01

37

Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses safety issues in science, including: allergic reactions to peanuts used in experiments; explosions in lead/acid batteries; and inspection of pressure vessels, such as pressure cookers or model steam engines. (MKR)

Education in Science, 1996

1996-01-01

38

Optimism about safety and group-serving interpretations of safety among pedestrians and cyclists in relation to road use in general and under low light conditions.  

PubMed

Drivers are known to be optimistic about their risk of crash involvement, believing that they are less likely to be involved in a crash than other drivers. However, little comparative research has been conducted among other road users. In addition, optimism about crash risk is conceptualised as applying only to an individual's assessment of his or her personal risk of crash involvement. The possibility that the self-serving nature of optimism about safety might be generalised to the group-level as a cyclist or a pedestrian, i.e., becoming group-serving rather than self-serving, has been overlooked in relation to road safety. This study analysed a subset of data collected as part of a larger research project on the visibility of pedestrians, cyclists and road workers, focusing on a set of questionnaire items administered to 406 pedestrians, 838 cyclists and 622 drivers. The items related to safety in various scenarios involving drivers, pedestrians and cyclists, allowing predictions to be derived about group differences in agreement with items based on the assumption that the results would exhibit group-serving bias. Analysis of the responses indicated that specific hypotheses about group-serving interpretations of safety and responsibility were supported in 22 of the 26 comparisons. When the nine comparisons relevant to low lighting conditions were considered separately, seven were found to be supported. The findings of the research have implications for public education and for the likely acceptance of messages which are inconsistent with current assumptions and expectations of pedestrians and cyclists. They also suggest that research into group-serving interpretations of safety, even for temporary roles rather than enduring groups, could be fruitful. Further, there is an implication that gains in safety can be made by better educating road users about the limitations of their visibility and the ramifications of this for their own road safety, particularly in low light. PMID:22062350

King, M J; Wood, J M; Lacherez, P F; Marszalek, R P

2012-01-01

39

Identifying Gaps in Child Pedestrian Safety: Comparing What Children Do with What Parents Teach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vehicle\\/pedestrian conflicts are a primary cause of deaths among chil- dren age 5 to 12 in North America. Children under 14 are twice as likely as the general population to be involved in vehicle\\/pedestrian accidents. Parents may overestimate the cognitive abilities of children to handle complex traffic situations and may assume that pedestrian rules taught to children at a young

Carolyn MacGregor; Alison Smiley; Wendy Dunk

1999-01-01

40

The role of the built environment in explaining relationships between perceived and actual pedestrian and bicyclist safety.  

PubMed

While the conventional approach to safety planning has emphasized crash analysis with police-reported crash information, transportation professionals increasingly recognize the importance of proactively identifying potential crash risk and considering environmental characteristics. In a proactive approach, individuals' perception of crash risk provides important information in identifying potential crash risk. As built environment characteristics influence the levels of pedestrian and bicycle safety, this study examined how perceived and actual crash risk are related with each other and with respect to built environmental characteristics. Our results showed that residents who live in low density-single residential neighborhoods are more likely to perceive their neighborhood as dangerous relative to residents of compact, mixed-use neighborhoods even though the latter exhibited higher actual crash rates. The results of path analyses confirmed that a simultaneous but opposite relationship exists between perceived and actual crash risks. Our results indicate that higher actual crash risk increases perceived crash risk, while higher perceived crash risk is negatively associated to actual crash rates. Consequently, low density and non-mixed land uses increase individuals perception of crash risk, and increased perception of risk and unfriendly environment for pedestrian and bikers reduces actual crash rates as a result of behavioral changes. From a policy standpoint, more attention and proactive interventions are desirable in suburban areas beyond the areas with high crash rates, as some of these areas have high-perceived risks. PMID:19540957

Cho, Gihyoug; Rodríguez, Daniel A; Khattak, Asad J

2009-07-01

41

Video analysis architecture for enhancing pedestrian and driver safety in public environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

One key goal of current Computer Vision research activities is to provide robust systems for improving Transport safety through the use of Information Technology. Recent advances allow public environments (such as train stations or, simply, the street) under video surveillance to be modelled by means of the detection, tracking, and identification of the different elements in it (passengers, road, vehicles,

Nuria Sanchez; José Manuel Menendez García

2009-01-01

42

An evaluation of four types of railway pedestrian crossing safety intervention.  

PubMed

This study evaluated a programme of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of illegal and unsafe crossing of a rail corridor at a city station by boys on their way to and from the adjacent high school in Auckland, New Zealand. The boys were observed crossing before, during, and after implementation of each intervention; in addition, surveys were carried out before and after the programme to discover the boys' attitudes. Rail safety education in school, punishment for every unsafe crossing (continuous punishment), and punishment occasionally for unsafe crossing (intermittent punishment) were associated with significant decreases in unsafe crossing compared with that observed prior to any intervention. General communications about rail safety were not associated with significant decreases in unsafe crossing. When interventions were examined consecutively, unsafe crossing was significantly reduced between the communications and education phases, and even more so between education and continuous punishment, but there was no statistically significant difference in frequency of unsafe crossing between continuous and intermittent punishment. It was concluded that punishment may be more effective in reducing unsafe behaviour in this type of situation than targeted education, and is much more effective than communications to heighten awareness. PMID:12729812

Lobb, Brenda; Harré, Niki; Terry, Nicola

2003-07-01

43

Safety Grooving  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Safety grooving, the cutting of grooves in concrete to increase traction and prevent injury, was first developed to reduce aircraft accidents on wet runways. Represented by the International Grooving and Grinding Association (IG&GA), the industry expanded into highway and pedestrian applications. The technique originated at Langley, which assisted in testing the grooving at airports and on highways. Skidding was reduced, stopping distance decreased, and a vehicle's cornering ability on curves was increased. The process has been extended to animal holding pens, steps, parking lots and other potentially slippery surfaces.

1985-01-01

44

Nuclear safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics dealing with nuclear safety are addressed which include the following: general safety requirements; safety design requirements; terrestrial safety; SP-100 Flight System key safety requirements; potential mission accidents and hazards; key safety features; ground operations; launch operations; flight operations; disposal; safety concerns; licensing; the nuclear engine for rocket vehicle application (NERVA) design philosophy; the NERVA flight safety program; and the NERVA safety plan.

Buden, D.

1991-01-01

45

The Effects of Advance Stop Lines and Sign Prompts on Pedestrian Safety in a Crosswalk on a Multilane Highway.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction of prompts in the form of specific signs and stop line bars at a crosswalk was designed to influence motorists to stop further back when yielding right-of-way to pedestrians, and resulted in an almost 80 percent reduction in motor vehicle-pedestrian conflicts at the selected location. (JW)

Van Houten, Ron

1988-01-01

46

Safety Vulnerable Road Users: Pedestrians, Bicyclists, Motorcyclists, and Older Users. White Papers for: 'Toward Zero Deaths: A National Strategy on Highway Safety'. White Paper No. 5.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The term Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) may be generally defined as the road users who are most at risk for serious injury or death when they are involved in a motor-vehicle-related collision. These include pedestrians of all ages, types and abilities, part...

C. Zegeer F. Bents J. Barlow L. Staplin R. Huey W. Hunter

2010-01-01

47

Short-term effects of countermeasures for improved safety and mobility at marked pedestrian crosswalks in Borås, Sweden.  

PubMed

The Swedish code concerning car drivers' responsibility to give way to pedestrians was strengthened in 2000. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the short-term effects of the change in code. Another goal is to look at the effects of the reconstruction of four sites in Borås, Sweden. One site had changes made prior to the change of code, two test sites had countermeasures implemented during the study, and one comparison site was left unchanged. All the sites were chosen because schools were situated nearby. The focus of the evaluation was on children and elderly as pedestrians and cyclists. The goal of traffic calming of a 90 percentile driving speed below 30 km/h was not fulfilled at any of the test sites. A conclusion is that the height of a speed cushion is important. After the speed cushions were lowered from 70 mm to 55 mm, the 90 percentile speed increased from 34 km/h to 41 km/h. Sites with no speed cushions had much higher speeds. The design of an intersection influences road users' behavior. At the site where one crosswalk was removed, pedestrians that were using the remaining marked crosswalk were given way to less frequently than at the other sites. At intersections where most pedestrians used marked crosswalks, the children benefited the most in mobility. At the intersection where pedestrians used marked crosswalks to a lower extent after reconstruction, children and the elderly had the smallest increase in frequency of being given way to. After reconstruction to a court-yard street, the pedestrians were given way to a lower extent compared with the other sites, though the vehicle speeds were the lowest observed at this study. At the sites were no physical changes were made, the change of code improved driver yield behavior, but no more towards children than other age groups. PMID:17129567

Johansson, Charlotta; Leden, Lars

2007-05-01

48

Automatic Pedestrian Counter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Emerging sensor technologies accelerated the shift toward automatic pedestrian counting methods to acquire reliable long-term data for transportation design, planning, and safety studies. Although a number of commercial pedestrian sensors are available, t...

B. Bartin H. Yang K. Ozbay R. Walla R. Williams

2010-01-01

49

Design of pedestrian friendly vehicle bumper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Car-pedestrian accidents take thousands of lives worldwide annually. Therefore, pedestrian protection is an important issue\\u000a in traffic safety. How to consider a pedestrian friendliness vehicle and then propose pedestrian protection methods are urgent\\u000a works for minimizing pedestrian injury. For designing a pedestrian friendly vehicle bumper, this study adopts the European\\u000a Enhanced Vehicle-safety Committee\\/ Working Group 17 (EEVC\\/WG17) regulations of legform

Tso-Liang Teng; Van-Luc Ngo; Trong-Hai Nguyen

2010-01-01

50

The effects of local and non-local traffic on child pedestrian safety: a spatial displacement of risk.  

PubMed

In most places, motor-vehicle traffic volume is associated with increased risk of child pedestrian injury; however, the burden of risk is geographically complex. In some neighbourhoods, proportionally fewer drivers may be local, meaning that the moral and practical responsibility of risk to children is displaced from one place (e.g., the suburbs) to another (e.g., downtown). Using the City of Toronto, Canada, as a case study, this research asks two related questions: 1) what is the variation in traffic volume by neighbourhood of origin and socioeconomic status and 2) what is the relationship between the geographical origin of traffic and the risk of collisions involving child pedestrians and motor-vehicles? We find that low-income downtown neighbourhoods have the highest proportion of non-local traffic. We also find that while higher local traffic activity is associated with lower risk of collision, higher flow-through traffic activity (excluding traffic from major thoroughfares) is associated with higher risk of collision. We interpret the former as very likely a proxy of parents' frequency of chauffeuring children to school, and the latter an illustration of the spatial displacement of risk between Toronto neighbourhoods. Our results suggest that more attention needs to be paid to account for the externalization of harm experienced by children, particularly in low-income downtown neighbourhoods. PMID:23265805

Yiannakoulias, Nikolaos; Scott, Darren M

2013-03-01

51

School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas. Volume II. Student and Driver Perception of School Trip Safety and Traffic Control Devices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Literature review of pedestrian behavior; Literature review of driver behavior in school areas; School related safety laws; Literature review of young pedestrian accidents; Driver survey; Survey results relating to traffic control devices. Porti...

M. L. Reiss

1975-01-01

52

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... is a Hand Therapist? About ASSH Hand Safety Fireworks Lawnmowers Snowblowers Pumpkin Carving Gardening Turkey Carving Removing ... is a Hand Therapist? About ASSH Hand Safety Fireworks Lawnmowers Snowblowers Pumpkin Carving Gardening Turkey Carving Removing ...

53

Tractor Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... tractor is involved in a high proportion of farm fatalities and severe injuries. To avoid them, follow safe management principles and implement a tractor safety program on your farm. • Develop a "safety first" attitude. Follow safe work ...

54

ATV Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... an accident less likely and help prevent serious injuries if an accident does happen. Reviewed by: Sean M. Elwell, MSN, RN, EMT, and Patti ... Safety Center Farm Safety Broken Bones Learning to Drive: Tips and ...

55

Laser Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A literature survey of the most recent laser safety parameters and precautions is presented. Recent laser safety legislation is discussed. The basic features of a laser are discussed. Recommended safe exposure levels are given for the eye and skin. Models...

W. N. Mohon

1970-01-01

56

Safety Rules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Safety is an important part of a science lesson or activity. This safety material is part of a series of hands-on science activities designed to arouse student interest. Sixteen rules reinforce common safety concerns for science classrooms. Among the safety rules are the recommendations that teachers practice demonstrations before presenting them, make proper eyewear and shields available, use customary disposal techniques, and possess a thorough knowledge of the chemical reactions being used. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL); Jacobs, Steve

2004-01-01

57

Safety Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety policies, procedures, and related information are presented in this manual to assist school personnel in a continuing program of accident prevention. Chapter 1 discusses safety education and accident prevention in general. Chapter 2 covers traffic regulations relating to school safety patrols, school bus transportation, bicycles, and…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

58

Skateboarding Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... places where it is possible to collide with motor vehicles, bikes, pedestrians, or other obstacles. To improve skateboarding ... designated skateboarding areas that are located away from motor vehicle and pedestrian traffic. In addition to choosing locations ...

59

Interdisciplinary Traffic Safety Instructional System: Series IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directions and materials for approximately 110 fourth grade level trafic safety learning activities, intended to develop the perceptual skills of young pedestrians and to train fourth grade students in safe conduct on the school bus, on bicycles, in an auto and in the school environment, are provided. Safety concepts and skills are taught through…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

60

Safety issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the NASA safety review process is to make sure that any system hazards that can endanger the manned flight system are precluded. The systems that address manned flight in a payload safety review process are discussed. The types of basic hazards that are normally addressed on any of the payloads are: contamination, electrical shock, explosions, radiation, and temperature extremes.

Rohal, R.

1991-01-01

61

Safety First!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working with young children and chemicals requires attention to safety. This article details the experiences of a third-grade teacher who used a "disaster" to create a hands-on inquiry that introduces children to chemistry safety during a third-grade acid/base exploration.

Longfield, Judith

2006-02-01

62

Lab Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the Texas Hazardous Communication Act (THCA) of 1986 which raised many new health and liability issues regarding students in science laboratories, a laboratory safety survey was generated for use in evaluating laboratory safety. This article contains the easy-to-use survey. (ZWH)

West, Sandra S.

1991-01-01

63

Laser safety.  

PubMed

Laser safety is a critical component in any laser surgery program. When used improperly, lasers have the potential to cause severe skin burns, induce corneal opacity and cataracts, damage the retina leading to blindness, and cause chronic respiratory diseases. For these reasons, each laser user is obligated to establish and comply with a laser safety program as outlined by ANSI. PMID:12064040

Fry, Thomas R

2002-05-01

64

Safety Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

Halligan, Tom

2009-01-01

65

Safety - PPE  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This high school activity from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center challenges "your students' ability to identify safety hazards, as they play the role of a safety inspector." On this page, visitors will find a link to two company overview sheets, one with information about TECO, a company that generate and distributes electricity, and another with information about CF Industries, a fertilizer producer. The site also provides a lesson plan, a PowerPoint presentation, and a student handout. This is a great resource to introduce students to hands-on practices in safety inspection in different industries.

2009-10-07

66

Software safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

Leveson, Nancy

1987-01-01

67

Fireworks Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... at 350 °F Water boils at 212 °F Fireworks Safety Fireworks are often used to mark special ... fireworks NFPA is opposed to consumer use of fireworks. This includes sparklers and firecrackers. Even sparklers burn ...

68

Bike Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... for speed on a paved surface, all those high-tech shocks and other mountain-climbing gadgets will do ... and look inside for either a CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) or Snell sticker. Only buy helmets ...

69

Auto Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... from forward-facing child safety seat to belt-positioning booster seat. Review the forward-facing convertible seat ... of age and older. Some convert to belt-positioning booster seats. Weight and height limits will vary ...

70

Water Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... best measure of protection. Back Continue Making Kids Water Wise It's important to teach your kids proper ... water during bad weather, especially lightning. Back Continue Water Park Safety Water parks can be a lot ...

71

Sun Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Related Links Buttons and Badges Cancer Home Sun Safety The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage your ... UV protection than a dry one, and darker colors may offer more protection than lighter colors. Some ...

72

Cryogenics Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The safety hazards associated with handling cryogenic fluids are discussed in detail. These hazards include pressure buildup when a cryogenic fluid is heated and becomes a gas, potential damage to body tissues due to surface contact, toxic risk from breat...

R. Reider

1977-01-01

73

Safety Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order for students to inquire confidently, we must create safe classroom environments. Safety is not just a set of rules but a state of mind, and perhaps, most importantly, it is an attitude and a set of skills that carry over into a students' daily life. But research also shows that the space in which students inquire is vital to their safety and security. This chapter summarizes some of the important factors that contribute to safe laboratory environments.

Biehle, James T.; Motz, Lamoine L.; West, Sandra S.

2007-01-01

74

System safety education focused on flight safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The measures necessary for achieving higher levels of system safety are analyzed with an eye toward maintaining the combat capability of the Air Force. Several education courses were provided for personnel involved in safety management. Data include: (1) Flight Safety Officer Course, (2) Advanced Safety Program Management, (3) Fundamentals of System Safety, and (4) Quantitative Methods of Safety Analysis.

Holt, E.

1971-01-01

75

The Applications and Methods of Pedestrian Automated Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pedestrian safety is a primary traffic issue in urban environment. The use of modern sensing technologies to improve pedestrian safety has remained an active research topic for years. The applications and difficulties of pedestrian automated detection were investigated, and the existing sensing technologies such as piezoelectric sensor, infrared sensor, ultrasonic sensor, microwave radar, laser scanner and computer vision were assessed

Qian Hong-bo; Han Hao

2010-01-01

76

American Samoa Highway Safety Annual Report Federal Fiscal Year 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The mission of the American Samoa Office of Highway Safety is to reduce the traffic crashes, traffic fatalities, injuries, and property damage on the American Samoa roadways, and to create a safer environment for motorists, passengers, and pedestrians. Th...

2010-01-01

77

Science Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by specialists at the Baylor College of Medicine's BioEd Online team, the Science Safety site brings together videos, pamphlets, and other instructional resources designed to help students and educators learn about lab safety. The site contains three key videos: "Tools and Equipment of Science," "Using a Bright Field Light Microscope," and "Using a Micropipettor." Demonstrators include scientists and teachers from around Texas and the tone of the films is erudite, age-appropriate, and accessible. Additionally, the site includes links to Lesson Demonstrations, which address subjects such as ecology, forces and motion, and microorganisms.

Vu, Michael

78

Agricultural Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... than 20 years of age die annually from farm-related injuries (1995 -2002), with most of these deaths occurring ... an estimated 14,000 youth were injured on farms; 2,700 of these injuries were due to farm work. National occupational safety ...

79

Art Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocating that Canadian art programs should use and model environmentally safe practices, the articles in this journal focus on issues of safe practices in art education. Articles are: (1) "What is WHMIS?"; (2) "Safety Precautions for Specific Art Processes"; (3) "Toxic Substances"; (4) "Using Clay, Glazes, and Kilns Safely in the Classroom"…

BCATA Journal for Art Teachers, 1991

1991-01-01

80

Child Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... right child safety seat in your car Teach children how to cross the street safely Make sure they wear the right gear and equipment for sports Install and test smoke alarms Store medicines, cleaners and other dangerous ... your home Don't leave small children unattended

81

Water Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... be sure to wear a Coast Guard-approved life jacket when necessary, and be sure there is lifeguard supervision. And make sure you do slide runs feet first or you'll put yourself at risk for a ride that's a lot less fun — one to your doctor or dentist. Boating Safety ...

82

Safety Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The fir...

1995-01-01

83

Safety First!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author relates how a hands-on chemistry investigation provided her the inspiration to develop an effective safety lesson for her third grade chemistry class. She began the lesson by demonstrating the use of pH indicator paper to show that ordinary household (white) vinegar was an acid. With the students, she wondered aloud…

Longfield, Judith

2006-01-01

84

Farm Safety  

PubMed Central

Accident and safety are related terms; the higher the accident rate in any industry, the greater is the need for safety measures designed to prevent accidents. This article discusses the accident and safety problems in agriculture, which includes horticulture and forestry. There is still a tendency among townspeople to think of the countryside as peaceful and tranquil, a place where nothing happens very quickly and far removed from violent death or crippling injury. This pleasant rustic picture has undergone a striking change in the last 30 years owing to considerable agricultural mechanization and the development of chemical pesticides, which have brought new dangers to those who live and work on the land. Although men have readily adapted themselves to new machines and methods, they have not proved as able to recognize new dangers and learn how to guard against them. In consequence, accidents have increased to such an extent that the whole industry has realized the need for positive preventive measures. In this country, it is generally accepted that an employer of labour has a responsibility to provide safe working conditions for those he employs. Farm safety legislation goes a little further and usually requires an employer to provide necessary safeguards, with the added requirement on a worker to make use of them. It is a feature of accident prevention work that it never reaches a stage when it can be regarded as complete. Even when a reduction in accidents has been achieved, the effort must be sustained or the trend will be quickly reversed. Images

Wilson, G. S.

1966-01-01

85

First Aid and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... for Toddlers and Preschoolers Computer-Related Repetitive Stress Injuries Concussions Electrical, Heating & Cooling: Household Safety Checklist Farm Safety Fire Safety Firesetting First-Aid Kit Food ...

86

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

1993-01-01

87

Safety valve  

DOEpatents

The safety valve contains a resilient gland to be held between a valve seat and a valve member and is secured to the valve member by a sleeve surrounding the end of the valve member adjacent to the valve seat. The sleeve is movable relative to the valve member through a limited axial distance and a gap exists between said valve member and said sleeve.

Bergman, Ulf C. (Malmoe, SE)

1984-01-01

88

Safety and Liability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of five articles highlights Pensacola Junior College's occupational safety course, involving simulated emergencies, Florida's standards for teacher liability, electrical safety in the classroom and laboratory, color coding for machine safety, and Florida industrial arts safety instructional materials. (SK)

Berthelot, Ronald J.; And Others

1982-01-01

89

Scope on Safety: Proactive safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Horrifying stories of accidents in the science lab abound. You may think that such accidents could never happen in your lab, but accidents do happen even in the most controlled environments. So, the best thing you can do to protect yourselves and your students is to implement and document proactive safety procedures. The following actions are recommended to reduce accidents in the lab and litigation in the courtroom.

Roy, Ken

2006-09-01

90

Safety Gear  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The following resource is from Lessonopoly, which has created student activities and lesson plans to support the video series, Science of the Olympic Winter Games, created by NBC Learn and the National Science Foundation. Featuring exclusive footage from NBC Sports and contributions from Olympic athletes and NSF scientists, the series will help teach your students valuable scientific concepts. In this lesson, students will consider the design factors that impact safety gear by creating their own âhelmetâ for an egg. Students will experiment with shape, materials and design in this hands-on project. Students will use their experiences and additional research to debate the topic of having a mandatory helmet law for bicyclists.

2010-01-01

91

Health and safety manual  

SciTech Connect

The manual consists of the following chapters: general policies and administration; the Environmental Health and Safety Department; the Medical Services Department: biological hazards; chemical safety; confined space entry; cryogenic safety; electrical safety; emergency plans; engineering and construction; evacuations, trenching, and shoring; fire safety; gases, flammable and compressed; guarding, mechanical; ladders and scaffolds, work surfaces; laser safety; materials handling and storage; noise; personal protective equipment; pressure safety; radiation safety, ionizing and non-ionizing; sanitation; seismic safety; training, environmental health and safety; tools, power and hand-operated; traffic and transportation; and warning signs and devices. (JGB)

Not Available

1980-02-01

92

Fixed Illumination for Pedestrian Protection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document reports the findings and applications of research investigating the effectiveness of specially designed low pressure sodium luminaires to increase pedestrian safety at intersection crosswalks at night. It was found that the LPS systems had be...

M. Freedman M. S. Janoff B. W. Koth W. McCunney

1975-01-01

93

Next generation of dock safety equipment.  

PubMed

OSHA and forklift manufacturers have made extensive efforts to improve the safety of forklift operation in and around industrial facilities and warehouses. However, the use of next-generation vehicle restraint and light communications technology will go much farther toward protecting forklift operators and pedestrians, reducing accidents, and improving productivity at the loading dock. While these new technologies mark a significant advance in loading dock safety, they cannot replace forklift and loading dock safety policies. Employers must continue to focus on forklift safety training and consider the use of multiple safety devices, such as strategically placed signs, painted aisles, and guarded walkways. The best practice is to seek the advice of safety consultants and qualified loading dock equipment representatives. PMID:24260948

Swietlik, Walt

2013-09-01

94

The link between built environment, pedestrian activity and pedestrian-vehicle collision occurrence at signalized intersections.  

PubMed

This paper studies the influence of built environment (BE) - including land use types, road network connectivity, transit supply and demographic characteristics - on pedestrian activity and pedestrian-vehicle collision occurrence. For this purpose, a two-equation modeling framework is proposed to investigate the effect of built environment on both pedestrian activity and vehicle-pedestrian collision frequency at signalized intersections. Using accident data of ambulance services in the City of Montreal, the applicability of our framework is illustrated. Different model settings were attempted as part of a model sensitivity analysis. Among other results, it was found that the BE in the proximity of an intersection has a powerful association with pedestrian activity but a small direct effect on pedestrian-vehicle collision frequency. This suggests that the impact of BE is mainly mediated through pedestrian activity. In other words, strategies that encourage densification, mix of land uses and increase in transit supply will increase pedestrian activity and may indirectly, with no supplementary safety strategies, increase the total number of injured pedestrians. In accordance with previous research, the number of motor vehicles entering a particular intersection is the main determinant of collision frequency. Our results show that a 30% reduction in the traffic volume would reduce the total number of injured pedestrians by 35% and the average risk of pedestrian collision by 50% at the intersections under analysis. Major arterials are found to have a double negative effect on pedestrian safety. They are positively linked to traffic but negatively associated with pedestrian activity. The proposed framework is useful for the identification of effective pedestrian safety actions, the prediction of pedestrian volumes and the appropriate safety design of new urban developments that encourage walking. PMID:21658488

Miranda-Moreno, Luis F; Morency, Patrick; El-Geneidy, Ahmed M

2011-09-01

95

Electrical Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All About Circuits is a website that âÂÂprovides a series of online textbooks covering electricity and electronics.â Written by Tony R. Kuphaldt, the textbooks available here are wonderful resources for students, teachers, and anyone who is interested in learning more about electronics. This specific section, Electrical Safety, is the third chapter in Volume I. Topics covered in this chapter include: shock current path, OhmâÂÂs law, safe practices, emergence response, safe circuit design, safe meter usage, and electric shock data. Diagrams and detailed descriptions of concepts are included throughout the chapter to provide users with a comprehensive lesson. Visitors to the site are also encouraged to discuss concepts and topics using the All About Circuits discussion forums (registration with the site is required to post materials).

Kuphaldt, Tony R.

2008-07-23

96

Propeller Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 412,000 members, the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) continues to work for the issues that are important to its members. One area that they are very concerned with is providing educational materials and opportunities for those persons who would like to enter the aircraft maintenance field. They are continuingly updating their online collection of technical primers and general overviews. One particular noteworthy publication is their "Propeller Safety" manual. Within the document's 12 pages, visitors can learn the basics about working around the propeller, prop mechanics, and key maintenance matters. Along the way, interested parties will find helpful graphics, photographs, and visual aids that will help them identify various problem areas.

97

Herbal Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past decade, there has been an increased interest in herbal medicines and treatments, both from the mainstream medical community and the general public. One need look no further than the cold drink section of the local supermarket to see the various herbal supplements that are prominently displayed on many drink labels. In an effort to provide critical evaluations of these various herbs and related products, the University of Texas at El Paso has created this important website in order to disseminate information about research findings related to herbal use and to provide these findings in both English and Spanish. There are a number of very helpful fact sheets presented here, including those that the deal with such commonly used medicinal herbs and plants, such as ginseng, chamomile, pumpkin seeds, and St. John's Wort. The Herbal Safety site also contains information on recent medical studies that examine the effectiveness of such medicinal treatments.

98

Laser safety.  

PubMed

The use of lasers in medical practice has seen great expansion in the past decades. However, these devices may also pose a significant hazard. Laser hazards are generally divided into beam hazards and nonbeam hazards. Beam hazards inflict ocular and cutaneous injury, whereas nonbeam hazards stem from the laser device itself or its interaction with materials within the surgical environment. The latter include laser plume hazards, fire hazards, and electrical hazards inherent in a high-voltage system that is a laser device. Therefore, a thorough understanding of these hazards along with methods to reduce their risk is of paramount importance in order to ensure maximal safety for the surgeon, the staff, and the patient. PMID:21865796

Dudelzak, Jacob; Goldberg, David J

2011-01-01

99

Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors.  

PubMed

Safety studies have primarily focused on how explicit processes and measures affect safety behavior and subsequent accidents and injuries. Recently, safety researchers have paid greater attention to the role of implicit processes. Our research focuses on the role of attentional bias toward safety (ABS) in workplace safety. ABS is a basic, early-stage cognitive process involving the automatic and selective allocation of attentional resources toward safety cues, which reflect the implicit motivational state of employees regarding safety goal. In this study, we used two reaction time-based paradigms to measure the ABS of employees in three studies: two modified Stroop tasks (Studies 1 and 2) and a visual dot-probe task (Study 3). Results revealed that employees with better safety behavior showed significant ABS (Study 2), and greater ABS than employees with poorer safety behavior (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, ABS was positively associated with the perceived safety climate and safety motivation of employees, both of which mediate the effect of ABS on safety behavior (Study 3). These results contributed to a deeper understanding of how early-stage automatic perceptual processing affects safety behavior. The practical implications of these results were also discussed. PMID:24922613

Xu, Yaoshan; Li, Yongjuan; Wang, Guangxi; Yuan, Xiao; Ding, Weidong; Shen, Zhongxiang

2014-10-01

100

Workplace Safety and Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An index of information on workplace hazards, illnesses, injuries, and safety compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Includes information on biosafety, chemical safety, and electrical safety.

2010-03-02

101

Water Safety Quiz  

MedlinePLUS

Water Safety Quiz Trivia quiz loading... Please enable javascript. Stay Safe around Water Download water safety tips in English or Spanish and share them with your friends. Make Water Safety a Priority Contact your local Red Cross ...

102

Paper Shredder Safety Alert  

MedlinePLUS

Paper Shredder Safety Alert Consumer model paper shredders are very popular. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission ( ... offers the following safety tips when using a paper shredder: ? Never allow children to operate paper shredders, ...

103

Activities report in safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conventional and radiation aspects of safety management, and safety programs at a nuclear research institute are presented. The design of the laboratory is described. The technical execution of the safety management is outlined.

1984-12-01

104

Model Checking Safety Properties.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Safety properties are an interesting subset of general temporal properties for systems. In the linear time paradigm, model checking of safety properties is simpler than the general case, because safety properties can be captured by finite automata. This w...

T. Latvala

2002-01-01

105

Health and Safety Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual consists of the following chapters: general policies and administration; the Environmental Health and Safety Department; the Medical Services Department: biological hazards; chemical safety; confined space entry; cryogenic safety; electrical sa...

1980-01-01

106

Kids and Car Safety  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Safety HealthDay June 25, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Safety Heat Illness Motor Vehicle Safety Transcript As ... parents that cars can be extremely dangerous for children even when they're in park. Council experts ...

107

Air Bag Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Technology Tires Tires Rating Passenger Van Safety Air Bag Safety Air Bag Basics General Information Air Bag Deployment After Deployment ... Bag Module Crash Sensors Electronic Control Unit Counterfeit Air Bags General Information What Consumers Should Know About Counterfeit ...

108

ETE Electrical Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a collection of safety topics that may be discussed in electrical safety meetings or classes. Topics include fuse removal, GFCIs, electrical shock, first aid, LOTO, PPE, fire safety, and hazardous locations.

2013-06-13

109

Policy Manual - Safety Appendices - Safety Committee  

Cancer.gov

 CCR Home   About CCR   CCR Intranet        Laboratory of Pathology LP Home Clinical Services Basic Sciences Training LP Staff Accessibility of Web Site Policy Manual Main Page LP Forms and Checklists Safety Appendices Contents Safety Committee Clinical

110

Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Safety & Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... in Mining Topic Page Ergonomic Interventions in the Building, Repair, and Dismantling of Ships Eye Safety Topic Page Slips, trips and falls PREVENTION THROUGH DESIGN NIOSH Safety and Health Topic: Industry and Occupation ...

111

Safety analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The first case study is the Magnetic Stereotaxis System (MSS), an investigational device for performing human neurosurgery being developed in a joint effort between the Department of Physics at the University of Virginia and the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Iowa. The system operates by manipulating a small permanent magnet (known as a 'seed') within the brain using an externally applied magnetic field. By varying the magnitude and gradient of the external magnetic field, the seed can be moved along a non-linear path and positioned at a site requiring therapy, e.g., a tumor. The magnetic field required for movement through brain tissue is extremely high, and is generated by a set of six superconducting magnets located in a housing surrounding the patient's head. The system uses two X-ray cameras positioned at right angles to detect in real time the locations of the seed and of X-ray opaque markers affixed to the patient's skull. the X-ray images are used to locate the objects of interest in a canonical frame of reference. the second case study is the University of Virginia Research Nuclear Reactor (UVAR). It is a 2 MW thermal, concrete-walled pool reactor. The system operates using 20 to 25 plate-type fuel assemblies placed on a rectangular grid plate. There are three scramable safety rods, and one non-scramable regulating rod that can be put in automatic mode. It was originally constructed in 1959 as a 1 MW system, and it was upgraded to 2 MW in 1973. Though only a research reactor rather than a power reactor, the issues raised are significant and can be related to the problems faced by full-scale reactor systems.

Knight, John C.

1995-01-01

112

Nuclear criticality safety guide  

SciTech Connect

This technical reference document cites information related to nuclear criticality safety principles, experience, and practice. The document also provides general guidance for criticality safety personnel and regulators.

Pruvost, N.L.; Paxton, H.C. [eds.] [eds.

1996-09-01

113

Farm Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

114

National Ag Safety Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. Spanish materials are included.

2007-01-15

115

Bromine Safety  

SciTech Connect

The production and handling in 1999 of about 200 million kilograms of bromine plus substantial derivatives thereof by Great Lakes Chemical Corp. and Albemarle Corporation in their southern Arkansas refineries gave OSHA Occupational Injury/Illness Rates (OIIR) in the range of 0.74 to 1.60 reportable OIIRs per 200,000 man hours. OIIRs for similar industries and a wide selection of other U.S. industries range from 1.6 to 23.9 in the most recent OSHA report. Occupational fatalities for the two companies in 1999 were zero compared to a range in the U.S.of zero for all computer manufacturing to 0.0445 percent for all of agriculture, forestry and fishing in the most recent OSHA report. These results show that bromine and its compounds can be considered as safe chemicals as a result of the bromine safety standards and practices at the two companies. The use of hydrobromic acid as an electrical energy storage medium in reversible PEM fuel cells is discussed. A study in 1979 of 20 megawatt halogen working fluid power plants by Oronzio de Nora Group found such energy to cost 2 to 2.5 times the prevailing base rate at that time. New conditions may reduce this relative cost. The energy storage aspect allows energy delivery at maximum demand times where the energy commands premium rates. The study also found marginal cost and performance advantages for hydrobromic acid over hydrochloric acid working fluid. Separate studies in the late 70s by General Electric also showed marginal performance advantages for hydrobromic acid.

Meyers, B

2001-04-09

116

Safety: Preventive Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Underscores the need for community colleges to practice safety within the institutions and to instruct students in workplace safety procedures and requirements. Reviews Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) regulations and their impact on industry and education. Looks at the legal responsibilities of colleges for safety. (DMM)

Kotula, John R.; Digenakis, Anthony

1985-01-01

117

Safety Standards for Projectors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The safety of projectors and related viewing devices for school, home, and business use is of paramount importance. The Advisory Committee on Safety (ACOS) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has established a working group to consider the problem of projector safety and to make recommendations for safety standards. (CMV)

Wyman, Raymond

1979-01-01

118

Safety: An Attitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes eight safety concepts developed by the author to teach safety and accident prevention in industrial arts shops and to promote more positive student attitudes toward shop safety. Stressing several general safety concepts instead of requiring dozens of rules has been found to work. (MF)

Smith, Harry T.

1978-01-01

119

Safety Concept Trees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of safety-critical systems requires the dasiasafepsila development of a dasiasafepsila system. Not only should the realized system fulfill specific safety goals, but for certification purposes the development process itself has to comply with safety standards. Both of these tasks are complex and cause a lot of effort and costs that cannot be sufficiently reduced by existing safety engineering

Dominik Domis; M. Forster; S. Kemmann; M. Trapp

2009-01-01

120

Safety and accessibility effects of code modifications and traffic calming of an arterial road  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Road E12 through the community center of Storuman, Sweden was reconstructed in 1999 and 2000. Pedestrian walkways, traffic islands, chicanes of a type referred to as “Danish buns”, a roundabout and a two-directional cycle track along the E12 were installed. The purpose of the reconstruction was to improve safety for pedestrians and bicyclists, primarily for children, the elderly

Lars Leden; Per-Erik Wikström; Per Gårder; Peter Rosander

2006-01-01

121

Pedestrian signalization and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions in Lima, Peru.  

PubMed

Safe walking environments are essential for protecting pedestrians and promoting physical activity. In Peru, pedestrians comprise over three-quarters of road fatality victims. Pedestrian signalization plays an important role managing pedestrian and vehicle traffic and may help improve pedestrian safety. We examined the relationship between pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions and the presence of visible traffic signals, pedestrian signals, and signal timing to determine whether these countermeasures improved pedestrian safety. A matched case-control design was used where the units of study were crossing locations. We randomly sampled 97 control-matched collisions (weighted N=1134) at intersections occurring from October, 2010 to January, 2011 in Lima. Each case-control pair was matched on proximity, street classification, and number of lanes. Sites were visited between February, 2011 and September, 2011. Each analysis accounted for sampling weight and matching and was adjusted for vehicle and pedestrian traffic flow, crossing width, and mean vehicle speed. Collisions were more common where a phased pedestrian signal (green or red-light signal) was present compared to no signalization (odds ratio [OR] 8.88, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.32-59.6). A longer pedestrian-specific signal duration was associated with collision risk (OR 5.31, 95% CI 1.02-9.60 per 15-s interval). Collisions occurred more commonly in the presence of any signalization visible to pedestrians or pedestrian-specific signalization, though these associations were not statistically significant. Signalization efforts were not associated with lower risk for pedestrians; rather, they were associated with an increased risk of pedestrian-vehicle collisions. PMID:24821630

Quistberg, D Alex; Koepsell, Thomas D; Boyle, Linda Ng; Miranda, J Jaime; Johnston, Brian D; Ebel, Beth E

2014-09-01

122

Teaching Science: Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Before entering the world of pipettes and Geiger counters, budding scientists will need to know about lab safety. Science educators will benefit from this laboratory safety site, developed by Professor Norman Herr, who teaches at California State University, Northridge. On his site, Professor Herr provides topically organized links that fall into the areas of safety standards, chemical hazards, chemical storage, and five other relevant topics. Within each section, visitors will find links to state safety standards, sample laboratory safety contracts, and fact sheets on chemical hazards. One potentially delightful classroom activity is the laboratory safety "scavenger hunt". Through this activity, students will learn about storage requirements, chemical risks, and other potential delicate matters.

123

Space engine safety system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A rocket engine safety system was designed to initiate control procedures to minimize damage to the engine or vehicle or test stand in the event of an engine failure. The features and the implementation issues associated with rocket engine safety systems are discussed, as well as the specific concerns of safety systems applied to a space-based engine and long duration space missions. Examples of safety system features and architectures are given, based on recent safety monitoring investigations conducted for the Space Shuttle Main Engine and for future liquid rocket engines. Also, the general design and implementation process for rocket engine safety systems is presented.

Maul, William A.; Meyer, Claudia M.

1991-01-01

124

Vocational Education Safety Instruction Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual describes four program areas in vocational education safety instruction: (1) introduction to a safety program; (2) resources to ensure laboratory safety; (3) safety program implementation; and (4) safety rules and safety tests. The safety rules and tests included in section four are for the most common tools and machines used in…

Cropley, Russell, Ed.; Doherty, Susan Sloan, Ed.

125

SNTP environmental, safety, and health  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Viewgraphs on space nuclear thermal propulsion (SNTP) environmental, safety, and health are presented. Topics covered include: program safety policy; program safety policies; and DEIS public hearing comments.

Harmon, Charles D.

1993-01-01

126

Practicing Fireworks Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... the Sun Eye Health News Consumer Alerts Practicing Fireworks Safety Tweet Fireworks eye injuries common in young people, bystanders Nearly ... to avoid the risk of serious eye injury." Fireworks Safety Tips The Academy advises that the best ...

127

Safety organizations and experts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Handbook lists organizations and experts in specific, well defined areas of safety technology. Special emphasis is given to relevant safety information sources on aircraft fire hazards and aircraft interior flammability.

Mandel, G.; Rubinstein, R. I.; Pinto, J. J.; Meschkow, S. Z.

1977-01-01

128

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

129

Air Bag Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... be properly secured in car safety seats , belt-positioning booster seats, or the lap and shoulder belts ... their car safety seat should use a belt-positioning booster seat until the vehicle seat belt fits ...

130

Design for fire safety  

SciTech Connect

This book aims to present a broad knowledge of the basic technical concepts of fire development and fire safety, and their relation to the design process. The book explains the design options open to the architect to make fire safety an integral part of building design and not merely a set of rules and regulations to be followed. The contents are: Concepts in fire safety design . Relationship between design process and the potential fire scenario . Concepts of environmental change . Fire safety objective in building . Fire safety evaluation . Intraspatial fire safety . Fire risk associated with spatial activity . Reduction of ignition risk . Fire prevention (hazard reduction) . Properties of combustible materials . Occupant safety . Smoke control systems . Detection systems . Fire growth and development . Fire suppression systems . Inter-spatial fire safety . Smoke control systems . Escape route design . Fire control by construction . High temperature behaviour of combustible materials.

Marchant, E.W.

1987-01-01

131

Safety without Stuttering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new formalization of safety properties is given. The formalization agrees with the informal definition - that a safety property stipulates that some bad thing doesn't happen during execution - for properties that are not invariant under stuttering, as w...

B. Alpern A. J. Demers F. B. Schneider

1985-01-01

132

Water safety and drowning  

MedlinePLUS

... among people of all ages. Learning and practicing water safety is important to prevent drowning accidents. ... Water safety tips for all ages include: Learn CPR. Never swim alone. Never dive into water unless ...

133

Flood Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... USFA Home Citizens Home Fire Prevention Flood Safety Flood Fire Safety This page may contain links to ... Fire Related Hazards Present During and After a Flood Generators are often used during power outages. Unless ...

134

Pet Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Family › Home Fire Prevention › Pet Fire Safety Pet Fire Safety Protecting Your Pets from Potential Danger Home ... evacuate them, too. Prevent Your Pet from Starting Fires The National Fire Protection Association estimates that nearly ...

135

Bedroom Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Citizens Home Fire Prevention Bedroom Fire Safety Bedroom Fire Safety This page may contain links to non- ... and property resulting from bedroom fires. Kids and Fire: A Bad Match Children are one of the ...

136

Spacecraft Fire Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fire detection, fire standards and testing, fire extinguishment, inerting and atmospheres, fire-related medical science, aircraft fire safety, Space Station safety concerns, microgravity combustion, spacecraft material flammability testing, and metal combustion are among the topics considered.

Margle, Janice M. (editor)

1987-01-01

137

Gun Safety Tips  

MedlinePLUS

... You are here Home > Safety Tips > Tip > Guns Gun Safety Tips Store Guns and Ammunition Safely Store ... visit about safe gun storage practices. Dispose of Guns You Don't Need If you decide that ...

138

Summer Storm Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Read more about generator safety Heating Safety Kerosene heaters may not be legal in your area and ... can be a source of toxic fumes. Alternative heaters need their space. Keep anything combustible at least ...

139

Swimming Pool Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Teen: 12-18 yrs. Dating & Sex Fitness Nutrition Safety School Substance Abuse Young Adult: 18-21 yrs. Healthy Living Nutrition Fitness Sports Oral Health Emotional Wellness Growing Healthy Safety & Prevention Immunizations Chickenpox Tdap Haemophilus Influenzae Type B ( ...

140

Policy Manual - Safety Appendices  

Cancer.gov

 CCR Home   About CCR   CCR Intranet        Laboratory of Pathology LP Home Clinical Services Basic Sciences Training LP Staff Accessibility of Web Site Policy Manual Main Page LP Forms and Checklists Safety Appendices Contents Safety Committee Clinical

141

Teaching Children Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... USFA Home Citizens Parents Teaching Children Fire Safety Teaching Children Fire Safety This page may contain links ... Take the mystery out of fire play by teaching children that fire is a tool, not a ...

142

Safety analysts training  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this task was to support ESH-3 in providing Airborne Release Fraction and Respirable Fraction training to safety analysts at LANL who perform accident analysis, hazard analysis, safety analysis, and/or risk assessments at nuclear facilities. The task included preparation of materials for and the conduct of two 3-day training courses covering the following topics: safety analysis process; calculation model; aerosol physic concepts for safety analysis; and overview of empirically derived airborne release fractions and respirable fractions.

Bolton, P.

2000-10-01

143

Agriscience Shop Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After completing this project, you should be able to pass the Shop Safety Test, allowing you to participate in the Agriscience Shop. Before you are allowed into the shop, you are required to pass a Shop Safety Test. The tools that follow will help you prepare for the test. Use the Shop Safety Chart that Mr. Creel gave you in class to take notes on important safety rules. OSHA is the "governmental ...

Creel, Mr.

2011-11-02

144

Generic safety documentation model  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to be a resource for preparers of safety documentation for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico facilities. It provides standardized discussions of some topics that are generic to most, if not all, Sandia/NM facilities safety documents. The material provides a ``core`` upon which to develop facility-specific safety documentation. The use of the information in this document will reduce the cost of safety document preparation and improve consistency of information.

Mahn, J.A.

1994-04-01

145

DOE handbook electrical safety  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

NONE

1998-01-01

146

Electrical safety guidelines  

SciTech Connect

The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

Not Available

1993-09-01

147

School Bus Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Equipment to allow safe transportation of disabled children is reviewed. Such equipment includes infant car seats, child safety seats, safety vests, and accommodations for children in casts and/or braces. Five principles for evaluation and selection of safe seating options are given as are safety rules and information on standards and resources.…

Stroup, Karen Bruner; And Others

1991-01-01

148

Virtual Safety Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multimedia Tool Box Talk is a web-based quick reference safety guide and training tool for construction personnel. An intended outcome of this effort was to provide an efficient and effective way to locate and interpret crucial safety information while at the job site. The tool includes information from the Occupational Safety and Health…

Fuller, Scott; Davis, Jason

2003-01-01

149

Factors affecting tanker safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major factors influencing tanker safety are discussed. For the discussion information has been gleaned from maritime labour officials, industry experts and a recent United States Coast Guard study on tanker safety. Results of other tanker safety studies and\\/or accident reports are also utilized. Some of the factors analysed are the size and age of vessel, licence qualifications for mates

Craig J. Forsyth

1991-01-01

150

EHS Online Safety Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from Oklahoma State University provides access to a number of occupational safety modules. All modules are available to view online, and some include PowerPoint or Microsoft Word documents as well. Topics include electrical safety, lockout/tagout, safety data sheets, asbestos and bloodborne pathogens.

2013-08-06

151

Recognizing Safety and Liveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper substantiates that experience by formalizing safety and liveness in a way that permits the relationship between safety and invariance and between liveness and wellfoundedness to be demonstrated for a large class of properties. In so doing, we give new characterizations of safety and liveness and prove that they satisfy the formal definitions in [Alpera & Schneider 85a

Bowen Alpern

1986-01-01

152

Nuclear Reactor Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear Reactor Safety (NRS), published monthly, is a collection of abstracts of worldwide information available on all safety-related aspects of reactors, including accident analysis, safety systems, radiation protection, decommissioning and dismantling, and security measures. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database during the

J. D. Bales; R. Boshears

1996-01-01

153

NUCLEAR REACTOR SAFETY SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nuclear reactor safety system is designed to provide an automatic ; safeguard for the reactor under fault conditions. It is also important that the ; safety system does not generate faults of its own. The basic layout of a safety ; system is described, and it is shown that application of the principles of ; coincidence and redundancy to

Jervis

1962-01-01

154

K-9 Traffic Safety Resource Curriculum. Level D. Professional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of four curriculum guides designed to aid teachers of grades K-9 in implementing a balanced, dynamic traffic safety program, this level D guide contains materials for teachers of grades 7-9. Emphasis is on preparation for the driving task and content is in three units. More sophisitcated approaches to pedestrian, bicycle, and school bus…

Governor's Highway Safety Program Office, Raleigh, NC.

155

Control-Chain Safety Tray and Friction Pull  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tray mounted above suspended ceiling keeps sprinkler-system control chain safely out of way of pedestrian traffic below. Tray reached easily by using fireman's hook short stepladder, or chair or by jumping up to grasp chain. Safety tray used for infrequently used control chains on vents and dampers.

Hajdik, G.; Peek, C. R.

1984-01-01

156

Equipment Safety. An International Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: International rules--The International Labor Office; Model code of safety regulations of ILO; Agreement No. 119 on equipment safety; Recommendation No. 118 on equipment safety; Ergonomics and equipment safety. CIS Information Sheet 10; Further d...

1977-01-01

157

Science Education Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Downloadable guides published by the Council of State Science Supervisors (CSSS) that provide information on laboratory safety practices in elementary and secondary schools. Topics include legal issues, the purchase, storage, and disposal of chemicals, chemical hygiene, and response to spills or accidents. There is also information on the use of plants or animals in the lab, protective equipment, laboratory layouts, glassware and electricity precautions, field-trip safety, and other topics. The site also includes a science safety checklist, recommendations for general lab safety, and links to safety information from other websites.

158

Safety and IVHM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When we address safety in a book on the business case for IVHM, the question arises whether safety isn t inherently in conflict with the need of operators to run their systems as efficiently (and as cost effectively) as possible. The answer may be that the system needs to be just as safe as needed, but not significantly more. That begs the next question: How safe is safe enough? Several regulatory bodies provide guidelines for operational safety, but irrespective of that, operators do not want their systems to be known as lacking safety. We illuminate the role of safety within the context of IVHM.

Goebel, Kai

2012-01-01

159

Pedestrian detection method using a multilayer laserscanner: Application in urban environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pedestrian safety is a primary traffic issue in urban environment. This article deals with the detection of pedestrians by means of a laser sensor. This sensor, placed on the front of a vehicle collects information about distance distributed according to 4 laser planes. Like a vehicle, a pedestrian constitutes in the vehicle environment an obstacle which must be detected, located,

Samuel Gidel; Paul Checchin; Christophe Blanc; Thierry Chateau; Laurent Trassoudaine

2008-01-01

160

System safety in manned spaceflight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System safety in manned spaceflight is discussed with attention to the organization of the NASA safety effort, hazard identification and resolution, safety program integration, risk management visibility, and space transportation system payload safety. Key ingredients of the safety program, including concepts such as a distinct and appropriate level of responsibility for safety, and comprehensive and appropriate safety requirements from the policy level to the system level, are summarized. Program safety interrelationships are indicated.

Hammack, J. B.

1977-01-01

161

PHOTOVOICE: Reducing pedestrian injuries in children.  

PubMed

Pedestrian injury is the second leading cause of injury related death for children. The purpose of this research project was to determine the effectiveness of pedestrian and road traffic safety education with children, as part of the Walk This Way program through Safe Kids USA. Through the implementation of PHOTOVOICE, a project that captured children's narratives coinciding with a photograph, children engaged in community exploration to identify pedestrian hazards in their communities and explore possible solutions utilizing their photography and narrations. Children participated in an engaging educational session, a community fieldtrip, and reflection. Results concluded that, despite a small increase in post test scores, an increase in awareness of hazards in the community and successful identification of community hazards was achieved. The goal of this research project was determine the effectiveness of a hands-on pedestrian and road traffic safety educational program with children. The results of this research project will be integrated with similar projects completed across the country through the program Walk This Way with Safe Kids USA. Both this research project and the Walk This Way program aim to promote behavior change in children and create safer communities to reduce pedestrian related injury. The overall goal of this research project andthe Walk This Way program is to increase education on a national level in regards to pedestrian safety for children and provide a basis for lobbying for public policy changes pertaining to road and pedestrian safety. PMID:23241696

Van Oss, Tracy; Quinn, Danielle; Viscosi, Pauline; Bretscher, Kristen

2013-01-01

162

NASA Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

If software is a critical element in a safety critical system, it is imperative to implement a systematic approach to software safety as an integral part of the overall system safety programs. The NASA-STD-8719.13A, "NASA Software Safety Standard", describes the activities necessary to ensure that safety is designed into software that is acquired or developed by NASA, and that safety is maintained throughout the software life cycle. A PDF version, is available on the WWW from Lewis. A Guidebook that will assist in the implementation of the requirements in the Safety Standard is under development at the Lewis Research Center (LeRC). After completion, it will also be available on the WWW from Lewis.

Rosenberg, Linda

1997-01-01

163

Policy Manual - Safety Overview - Annual Fire Safety  

Cancer.gov

Fire drills are conducted at least annually with the guidance of the fire prevention inspector. The Safety Officer is responsible for notifying hearing impaired persons or alarm situations. Evacuation routes are posted in each section.

164

Electrosurgical safety: conducting a safety audit.  

PubMed

ECRI detailed some of the lesser-known risks of electrosurgery in a collection of articles published in the August 2005 Health Devices. However, it's also important to recognize that even hazards that are well understood by clinical personnel can lead to injury if appropriate safety measures aren't applied consistently. In this follow-up to our August 2005 articles, we offer guidance to help healthcare facilities conduct a safety audit that examines critical aspects of the facility's use of electrosurgical technology. ECRI recommends that healthcare facilities periodically conduct such an audit to ensure that the appropriate equipment and procedures are in place to protect patients and staff from injury. This article reviews some of the key questions to ask during a safety audit, and it includes detailed guidance for developing an electrosurgical safety checklist. PMID:16483127

2005-12-01

165

Missouri Elementary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. Information on general laboratory safety, science equipment safety, safety with plants, safety with animals, safety with chemicals, field…

Lemons, Judith L.

166

Pedestrian crash trends and potential countermeasures from around the world.  

PubMed

As automobile transportation continues to increase around the world, bicyclists, pedestrians, and motorcyclists, also known as vulnerable road users (VRUs), will become more susceptible to traffic crashes, especially in countries where traffic laws are poorly enforced. Many countries, however, are employing innovative strategies to ensure that road users can more safely navigate the urban landscape. While bicyclists and motorcyclists are important road users, this paper will focus on pedestrian crash problems and solutions. Pedestrians are most at risk in urban areas due in part to the large amount of pedestrian and vehicle activity in urban areas. With this in mind, designing safe, accessible, and comprehensive facilities for pedestrians is vital to reducing pedestrian crashes. This paper will provide some insight into the magnitude of the pedestrian crash problem around the world, and will offer some lessons learned from several countries, particularly in Europe and the U.S., for improving pedestrian safety. Beginning with pedestrian safety statistics at the global, regional, and national levels, this paper will address potential countermeasures and strategies for improving pedestrian safety from an international perspective. PMID:22062330

Zegeer, Charles V; Bushell, Max

2012-01-01

167

Principles of Safety Pharmacology  

PubMed Central

Safety Pharmacology is a rapidly developing discipline that uses the basic principles of pharmacology in a regulatory-driven process to generate data to inform risk/benefit assessment. The aim of Safety Pharmacology is to characterize the pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) relationship of a drug's adverse effects using continuously evolving methodology. Unlike toxicology, Safety Pharmacology includes within its remit a regulatory requirement to predict the risk of rare lethal events. This gives Safety Pharmacology its unique character. The key issues for Safety Pharmacology are detection of an adverse effect liability, projection of the data into safety margin calculation and finally clinical safety monitoring. This article sets out to explain the drivers for Safety Pharmacology so that the wider pharmacology community is better placed to understand the discipline. It concludes with a summary of principles that may help inform future resolution of unmet needs (especially establishing model validation for accurate risk assessment). Subsequent articles in this issue of the journal address specific aspects of Safety Pharmacology to explore the issues of model choice, the burden of proof and to highlight areas of intensive activity (such as testing for drug-induced rare event liability, and the challenge of testing the safety of so-called biologics (antibodies, gene therapy and so on.).

Pugsley, M K; Authier, S; Curtis, M J

2008-01-01

168

Pedestrian fatalities, Atlanta Metropolitan Statistical Area and United States, 2000-2004.  

PubMed

Motor vehicle crashes killed almost 5,000 pedestrians in 2005 in the United States. Pedestrian risk may be higher in areas characterized by urban sprawl. From 2000 to 2004, pedestrian fatality rates declined in the United States, but the Atlanta metropolitan statistical area did not experience the same decline. Pedestrian fatality rates for males, Hispanics, and the 15-34 and 35-54 year age groups were higher in Atlanta than in the United States overall. Pedestrian safety interventions should be targeted to high-risk populations and localized pedestrian settings. PMID:18054592

Beck, Laurie F; Paulozzi, Leonard J; Davidson, Stephen C

2007-01-01

169

Health and safety manual. (Revision)  

SciTech Connect

This revised manual consists of the following chapters: general policies and administration; the Environmental Health and Safety Department; the Medical Services Department; biological hazards; chemical safety; confined space entry; cryogenic safety; electrical safety; emergency plans; engineering and construction; evacuations, trenching, and shoring; fire safety; gases, flammable and compressed; guarding, mechanical; ladders and scaffolds, work surfaces; laser safety; materials handling and storage; noise; personal protective equipment; pressure safety; radiation safety, ionizing and non-ionizing; sanitation; seismic safety; training, environmental health and safety; tools, power and hand-operated; traffic and transportation; and warning signs and devices.

Not Available

1986-07-01

170

Lightweight Materials and Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this report presented at a California Air Resources Board (CARB) workshop by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), the relationship between mass, size, safety, and materials are examined. After describing the factors influencing vehicle safety (drivers and environment, size and weight, crashworthiness, and materials), solutions to safer vehicles are presented. It is determined to improve safety, mass should be reduced through the use of lighter high-strength materials (aluminum and steel), while also improving vehicle geometry and design to absorb impact. An example of improved safety through high strength-materials and geometry is illustrated with design changes Honda has made to the Civic (05-06 models). Also compared in this report are material and safety studies by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

Transportation, The I.

171

Car manufacturers and global road safety: a word frequency analysis of road safety documents  

PubMed Central

Objective The World Bank believes that the car manufacturers can make a valuable contribution to road safety in poor countries and has established the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) for this purpose. However, some commentators are sceptical. The authors examined road safety policy documents to assess the extent of any bias. Design Word frequency analyses of road safety policy documents from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the GRSP. Main outcome measures The relative occurrence of key road safety terms was quantified by calculating a word prevalence ratio with 95% confidence intervals. Terms for which there was a fourfold difference in prevalence between the documents were tabulated. Results Compared to WHO's World report on road traffic injury prevention, the GRSP road safety documents were substantially less likely to use the words speed, speed limits, child restraint, pedestrian, public transport, walking, and cycling, but substantially more likely to use the words school, campaign, driver training, and billboard. Conclusions There are important differences in emphasis in road safety policy documents prepared by WHO and the GRSP. Vigilance is needed to ensure that the road safety interventions that the car industry supports are based on sound evidence of effectiveness.

Roberts, I; Wentz, R; Edwards, P

2006-01-01

172

Leaping into patient safety.  

PubMed

Last November, the Leapfrog Group unveiled an ambitious effort to improve patient safety across the nation. Sponsored by the Business Roundtable, the Leapfrog Group is a consortium of Fortune 500 companies and other large private and public health care purchasers. The group is working to mobilize employer purchasing power to affect big "leaps" in patient safety by educating consumers and rewarding health care providers who meet defined safety standards. PMID:11276950

Delbanco, S

2001-01-01

173

Nuclear safety after Chernobyl  

SciTech Connect

This paper discussed the safety of nuclear reactors. The authors examined some of the safety problems associated with the accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island. He stressed the need to reduce the frequency of accidents and the need for greater preparation for the consequences of inevitable failures. He stated that future accidents would be unlikely to replicate the past, that nuclear safety issues need to be addressed broadly and that reforms need to be introduced quickly.

Flavin, C.

1987-07-01

174

Thermal reactor safety  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented concerning new trends in licensing; seismic considerations and system structural behavior; TMI-2 risk assessment and thermal hydraulics; statistical assessment of potential accidents and verification of computational methods; issues with respect to improved safety; human factors in nuclear power plant operation; diagnostics and activities in support of recovery; LOCA transient analysis; unresolved safety issues and other safety considerations; and fission product transport.

Not Available

1980-06-01

175

Editor's Corner: Science Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With increasing emphasis on hands-on inquiry activities, teachers need to be as knowledgeable as possible about safety. Unfortunately, accidents in science classrooms are no exception! As a result, the theme of this issue of The Science Teacher (TST) is Science Safety. The Field Editor highlights several articles that address this theme and announces an ongoing "Spotlight on Safety" feature that will appear in upcoming issues of TST.

Metz, Steve

2005-09-01

176

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the Panel's activities are presented in a set of findings and recommendations. Highlighted here are both improvements in NASA's safety and reliability activities and specific areas where additional gains might be realized. One area of particular concern involves the curtailment or elimination of Space Shuttle safety and reliability enhancements. Several findings and recommendations address this area of concern, reflecting the opinion that safety and reliability enhancements are essential to the continued successful operation of the Space Shuttle. It is recommended that a comprehensive and continuing program of safety and reliability improvements in all areas of Space Shuttle hardware/software be considered an inherent component of ongoing Space Shuttle operations.

1992-01-01

177

Technical Seminar: "Crash Safety"""  

NASA Video Gallery

This seminar addresses the history and successful progress in predicting and improving the crash safety characteristics of vehicles, with particular emphasis on rotary wing aircraft and composite s...

178

Hurricane / Tornado Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Executive Development Fire Prevention: Management Fire Prevention: Public Education Fire Prevention: Technical Hazardous Materials Incident Management Management Science Planning & Information Mgmt Responder Health & Safety ...

179

Helicopter Safety Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In response to the President's challenge to reduce civil aviation accidents by a factor of 10 by the year 2022, NASA has embarked on an ambitious safety program in partnership with other government agencies and industry. The helicopter element of the NASA initiative has been guided by a series of accident analyses aimed at identifying the most frequent causes and consequences and initiating research to prevent or mitigate these factors. This talk will summarize the key findings of three of the accident analyses, the major elements of the safety program, and how helicopter safety research relates to the safety program.

Hart, Sandra G.; Rutkowski, Michael

1999-01-01

180

EVA safety design guidelines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Extravehicular Mobility Unit is a closed and isolated environment that protects the astronaut from exposure to space environment. Eighty-four percent of the possible hardware failures occurring during Extravehicular Activity (EVA) would result in an abort of the EVA. Fifty-two percent of these failure modes would result in a loss of a critical life support function and directly compromise crew safety. Crew safety is not, however, limited to controlling hardware failures. Safety can be compromised by improper in-flight servicing or induced by interfacing equipment during EVA related activity. This paper addresses these potential hazard sources and approaches used to enhance equipment reliability and astronaut safety.

Tremblay, Paul

181

The University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1965 by the North Carolina General Assembly, the Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC) is dedicated to improving "the safety, security, access and efficiency of all surface transportation modes through a balanced, interdisciplinary program of research, evaluation and information dissemination." Part of that information dissemination happens via this website, where visitors can find safety information, research reports, and their newsletter. New visitors should look at their "Safety Information" first. Here they will find helpful tips on bicycle safety, pedestrian safety, animal-vehicle crash information, and distracted and drowsy drivers. Moving on, the "Research Library" area contains selected full-text publications based on HSRC staff research, along with an exhaustive bibliography of previous papers from 1967 to 1990. Finally, visitors can also peruse their newsletter, which is published quarterly.

182

Expansion of Vocational-Technical School Programs to Accommodate Highway Safety Manpower Requirements. Volume IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final volume of a four-volume study considers the need for personnel for traffic control, police traffic services, pedestrian safety, school bus safety, and debris hazard control and cleanup. Training requirements to meet national objectives are discussed, in terms of curriculum, staffing, student recruitment, facilities, equipment and…

Daugherty, Ronald D.; And Others

183

Parents' Self-Reported Behaviors Related to Health and Safety of Very Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a survey that documented the health and safety behaviors of parents of children in Head Start programs. Nearly all parents reported using car seats, teaching handwashing and pedestrian safety, and locking away medicine and alcohol. Sixty percent reported storing guns and bullets safely, possessing working fire extinguishers, and having…

Hendricks, Charlotte M.; Reichert, Ann

1996-01-01

184

The Washington State Task Force on Student Transportation Safety. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a study conducted by the Washington State Task Force on Student Transportation Safety are presented in this report. The data-collection process involved four phases: meetings with experts in student transportation and pedestrian safety; public meetings, informational work sessions, and tours of problems areas; task force meetings; and…

Washington State Legislature, Olympia.

185

Alcohol and Alcohol Safety: A Curriculum Manual for Elementary Level. Volume I of II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is the first in a series of Alcohol and Alcohol Safety Curriculum Manuals for use by teachers and curriculum developers. Geared to the elementary grade level, the objective of the manual is to promote responsible present and future decisions about alcohol. Emphasis has been placed on driver and pedestrian safety in recognition of the…

Finn, Peter; Platt, Judith

186

Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 3: Motorcycle Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 3 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on aspects of motorcycle safety. The purpose and specific objectives of a State motorcycle safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the highway safety area and general policies…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

187

The accuracy and timing of pedestrian warnings at intersections: The acceptance from drivers and their preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The safety of vulnerable road users at traffic intersections is critical. Driver assistance systems can improve safety but have to rely on accurate detection of hazardous situations. Given the complexity of pedestrian movement, detection of pedestrian presence and prediction of their behaviour are not always without error. Drivers' attitude towards such errors is an important issue for the effectiveness of

J. de Boer; A. Chaziris; J. Vreeswijk; Jing Bie; B. van Arem

2010-01-01

188

National Chemistry Teacher Safety Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the status of secondary school instructional chemistry laboratory safety using a survey instrument which focused on Teacher background Information, Laboratory Safety Equipment, Facility Safety, General Safety, and a Safety Content Knowledge Survey. A fifty question survey instrument based on recent research and questions developed by the researcher was mailed to 500 secondary school chemistry teachers who participated

Barbra A. Plohocki

1998-01-01

189

Generalized safety equation - A concept  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Concept provides definition of relationship between safety and reliability, personnel safety measurement, and equipment safety evaluation. Safety systems cope with single or combined risks. Cost and effectiveness of alternate hypothetical safety systems are estimated and used as basis for final system design.

Hano, G.

1971-01-01

190

Playground Safety Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of the 1981 U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission guidelines for playground safety. Although compliance with the guidelines has not stemmed the rising number of accidents, it has enhanced awareness. This article offers an action plan which all communities can use to help alleviate liability problems. (SM)

Wallach, Frances

1990-01-01

191

Safety in Paediatric Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Those of us working in a dedicated paediatric environment are aware of the important safety issues with regard to paediatrics. Our goal when working with paediatric patients, the goal is to obtain the best quality images while keeping patients safe and their distress to a minimum. This article will discuss some of the issues regarding paediatric safety in a diagnostic

Donna Carter; Inez Filice; Darlene Murray; Karen Thomas

2006-01-01

192

Fire safety in tunnels  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006 the European Parliament requested the author to conduct a study of tunnel safety and make recommendations to be considered with a view to implementation in the European Union. This had been spurred by the large number of serious tunnel fires which have occurred in Europe since 1995 and fire safety was the main concern. Following a ten-month project

Alan N. Beard

2009-01-01

193

Child Transportation Safety Tips.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents nine tips regarding safe infant and child transportation, each tip explained in one to two pages. The tips are as follows: (1) quick safety seat checkup; (2) where should your child ride? (3) how to protect your new baby in the car; (4) what safety seat to use for a big baby or toddler? (5) how should preschool and school…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

194

Safety Precautions for Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety information is discussed and outlined in this guide. Areas include: (1) general laboratory safety rules; (2) general rules and guidelines for animals in the elementary classroom; (3) general guidelines for the physical sciences; (4) general rules for using animals in investigations, with specifics on the care and handling of mammals,…

Folks, John; And Others

195

Biology Laboratory Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that schools prepare or adapt a biosafety manual, and that instructors develop a list of safety procedures applicable to their own lab and distribute it to each student. In this way, safety issues will be brought to each student's attention. This document is an example of such a manual. It contains…

Case, Christine L.

196

The color of safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industry's workforce is getting grayer as veteran miners approach retirement, and greener as new hires come onboard. Will the changing complexion of the industry affect future safety technology? The article discusses problems of noise, vibration, and communication faced by coal miners and reports some developments by manufacturers of mining equipment to improve health and safety. 1 fig., 4 photos.

2006-01-01

197

The color of safety  

SciTech Connect

The industry's workforce is getting grayer as veteran miners approach retirement, and greener as new hires come onboard. Will the changing complexion of the industry affect future safety technology? The article discusses problems of noise, vibration, and communication faced by coal miners and reports some developments by manufacturers of mining equipment to improve health and safety. 1 fig., 4 photos.

Carter, R.A.

2006-06-15

198

Doneness Versus Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... safe"? How does the cook know? Appearance and color are not reliable indicators of safety or doneness. Studies have shown that using a ... patties and depending on visual signs to determine safety by using the brown color as an indicator is taking a chance that ...

199

Safety Relies on Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most important challenges of a principal's day is that of building and maintaining a school culture that promotes safety and supports learning. So it should come as no surprise to experienced educators that school safety and positive school climate directly affect academic achievement. This article discusses how principals can build an…

Kinney, Patti

2009-01-01

200

Roads to Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that the level of safety built into roads is largely unpremeditated and that roads and highways are not as safe as they might be. Discusses practices, standards, and deficiencies in highway and traffic safety related to geometric design and traffic engineering. Recommends increased transportation engineering professionalism and public…

Hauer, Ezra

1991-01-01

201

Safety Rules of Thumb  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike all other engineering disciplines, safety engineering is consensus driven, not research driven. It is almost devoid of physical laws to guide its practitioners. Instead, rules of thumb dominate the behavior of manufacturers, designers, maintenance workers, operators, legislators and code writers. Because rules of thumb presently represent the foundation of safety engineering, it is important to develop a perspective on

Ralph L. Barnett; Peter J. Poczynok; Dolores Gildin; S. Carl Uzgiris; Dennis B. Brickman; Kenneth L. d'Entremont; Michael A. Dilich; Christopher W. Ferrone; Suzanne A. Glowiak; John M. Goebelbecker; Crispin Hales; Gary M. Hutter; Brian D. King; Dror Kopernik; Woodrow Nelson; R. Kevin; Harry R. Smith; William G. Switalski; Andrew H. Tudor; James R. Wingfield; Lucinda Fuller; Betty Bellows; Marna Forbes; Maureen Gilligan; Jan A. KIng; Norene Kramer; Florence Lasky; Neil Miller; Jackie Schwartz; Peter Warner; Steven Witt; John P. Bederka; Jr. Richard Gullickson; Diane K. Moshman; James T. O'Donnell; William D. Sheridan; Audrone M. Stake; Shelley Hamilton; Jeffrey W. Abendshien; Theodore Liber

202

Modelling blood safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis describes the development and application of methods and models to support decision making on safety measures aimed at preventing the transmission of infections by blood donors. Safety measures refer to screening tests for blood donors, quarantine periods for blood plasma, or methods for detecting or eliminating contaminations during processing. Chapter 1 describes the outline of the PROTON study.

M. P. Janssen

2010-01-01

203

Aspartame: Review of Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 20 years have elapsed since aspartame was approved by regulatory agencies as a sweetener and flavor enhancer. The safety of aspartame and its metabolic constituents was established through extensive toxicology studies in laboratory animals, using much greater doses than people could possibly consume. Its safety was further confirmed through studies in several human subpopulations, including healthy infants, children, adolescents,

Harriett H. Butchko; W. Wayne Stargel; C. Phil Comer; Dale A. Mayhew; Christian Benninger; George L. Blackburn; Leo M. J. de Sonneville; Raif S. Geha; Zsolt Hertelendy; Adalbert Koestner; Arthur S. Leon; George U. Liepa; Kenneth E. McMartin; Charles L. Mendenhall; Ian C. Munro; Edward J. Novotny; Andrew G. Renwick; Susan S. Schiffman; Donald L. Schomer; Bennett A. Shaywitz; Paul A. Spiers; Thomas R. Tephly; John A. Thomas; Friedrich K. Trefz

2002-01-01

204

School Safety and Security.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document offers additional guidelines for school facilities in California in the areas of safety and security, lighting, and cleanliness. It also offers a description of technology resources available on the World Wide Web. On the topic of safety and security, the document offers guidelines in the areas of entrances, doors, and controlled…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

205

Introducing Laboratory Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a simple, 10-item quiz designed to make students aware that they must learn laboratory safety. The items include questions on acid/base accidents, several types of fire extinguishers, and safety glassses. Answers and some explanations are included. (DH)

DeLorenzo, Ronald

1985-01-01

206

Safety Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The safety education program for Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) schools was prepared as a simplified guide for teachers to use in grades 1-12. Safety programs in schools should develop knowledge, habits, and attitudes in order to eliminate, as far as possible, the dangers of accidental death or injury to children. It should inform these future…

Lowry, Carlee S.

207

Safety in the Artroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides information about health and safety hazards in art classrooms. The book outlines a practical plan for an art room safety program. It includes recommendations for providing protective equipment and enlisting students' active participation. Included are sample worksheets and checklists, explanations of legal liability, and…

Qualley, Charles A.

208

Laser Safety Inspection Criteria.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A responsibility of the Laser Safety Officer (LSO) is to perform laser safety audits. The American National Standard Z136.1 Safe use of Lasers references this requirement in several sections: (1) Section 1.3.2 LSO Specific Responsibilities states under Ha...

K. Barat

2005-01-01

209

Dental laser safety.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to inform the reader about dental laser safety and to suggest practical guidelines. The laser safety officer plays a major role, ensuring that the instrument is used safely and effectively. With adequate precautions and proper training, dental lasers can be used to deliver excellent care. PMID:15464553

Piccione, Pamela J

2004-10-01

210

Nuclear Reactor Safety; (USA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This publication announces on an monthly basis the current worldwide information available on all safety-related aspects of reactors, including: accident analysis, safety systems, radiation protection, decommissioning and dismantling, and security measures. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database (EDB) during the past month.

D. L. Cason; S. C. Hicks

1991-01-01

211

NUCLEAR REACTOR SAFETY DEVICE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A self-contained, self-actuating safety device is designed which will ; shut down the reactor upon the occurrence of a predetermined excessively high ; temperature in the core. The safety device comprises a closed tube partially ; filled with a mixture of fissionable material and a liquid having a high vapor ; pressure at a temperature slightly above the desired operating

1963-01-01

212

Nuclear reactor safety device  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safety device is disclosed for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of an upward thermal excursion. Such safety device comprises a laminated helical ribbon configured as a tube-like helical coil having contiguous helical turns with slidably abutting edges. The helical coil is disclosed as a

Hutter; Ernest

1986-01-01

213

SAFETY DATA SHEET  

Cancer.gov

Safety Data Sheet-Plasmid DNA 4a-CRT-E7 (detox) (JHU) coated gold (2) Page 1 of 3 SAFETY DATA SHEET HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS/CALRETICULIN PLASMID DNA (4a-CRT/E7 (DETOX)) COATED GOLD Reference: PowderMed DNA vaccine – Plasmid DNA/gold/TA201.5

214

Home Safety for People with Alzheimer's Disease: Natural Disaster Safety  

MedlinePLUS

Home Safety for People with Alzheimer's Disease Natural Disaster Safety Natural disasters come in many forms and degrees of severity. ... case of fire, earthquake, flood, tornado, or other disasters. Specific home safety precautions may apply and environmental ...

215

76 FR 70953 - Pipeline Safety: Safety of Gas Transmission Pipelines  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration...ID PHMSA-2011-0023] RIN 2137-AE72 Pipeline Safety: Safety of Gas Transmission Pipelines AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous...

2011-11-16

216

Scope on Safety: NSTA's portal into the safety zone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NSTA's Science Safety Advisory Board recently launched the Safety in the Science Classroom portal, which contains safety resources for teachers, supervisors, and administrators. This month's column provides a partial listing of the resources middle schoo

Roy, Ken

2010-07-01

217

Formalizing Probabilistic Safety Claims  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A safety claim for a system is a statement that the system, which is subject to hazardous conditions, satisfies a given set of properties. Following work by John Rushby and Bev Littlewood, this paper presents a mathematical framework that can be used to state and formally prove probabilistic safety claims. It also enables hazardous conditions, their uncertainties, and their interactions to be integrated into the safety claim. This framework provides a formal description of the probabilistic composition of an arbitrary number of hazardous conditions and their effects on system behavior. An example is given of a probabilistic safety claim for a conflict detection algorithm for aircraft in a 2D airspace. The motivation for developing this mathematical framework is that it can be used in an automated theorem prover to formally verify safety claims.

Herencia-Zapana, Heber; Hagen, George E.; Narkawicz, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

218

Scope on Safety: Safety and liability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to provide a level of awareness relative to liability, the NSTA Board charged a committee with the task of rewriting the NSTA Position Statement on Liability of Science Educators for Laboratory Safety. This article outlines four basic questions for teachers to consider prior to engaging in potentially dangerous science activities. They are based on the language found in the position statement.

Roy, Ken

2008-10-01

219

Engineering the art of safety [Electrical Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the 2007 edition of the National Electrical Safety Code (NESC), utilities and contractors are acting to comply with new work rules that become effective 1 January 2009. The standard, approved by the American National Standards Institute on 16 June 2006, is applicable across the United States for the construction, operation, and maintenance of electric supply and communication lines.

Mary Capelli-Schellpfeffer

2008-01-01

220

Safety management practices and safety behaviour: assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge and motivation.  

PubMed

Safety management practices not only improve working conditions but also positively influence employees' attitudes and behaviours with regard to safety, thereby reducing accidents in workplace. This study measured employees' perceptions on six safety management practices and self-reported safety knowledge, safety motivation, safety compliance and safety participation by conducting a survey using questionnaire among 1566 employees belonging to eight major accident hazard process industrial units in Kerala, a state in southern part of India. The reliability and unidimesionality of all the scales were found acceptable. Path analysis using AMOS-4 software showed that some of the safety management practices have direct and indirect relations with the safety performance components, namely, safety compliance and safety participation. Safety knowledge and safety motivation were found to be the key mediators in explaining these relationships. Safety training was identified as the most important safety management practice that predicts safety knowledge, safety motivation, safety compliance and safety participation. These findings provide valuable guidance for researchers and practitioners for identifying the mechanisms by which they can improve safety of workplace. PMID:20728666

Vinodkumar, M N; Bhasi, M

2010-11-01

221

Water Safety for Older Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Water Safety for Older Children Safety & Prevention Listen Water Safety for Older Children Article Body Drowning ranks ... overestimated their swimming ability and their knowledge of water-survival skills. Here are some guidelines to keep ...

222

Health and Safety Manual. (Revision).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This revised manual consists of the following chapters: general policies and administration; the Environmental Health and Safety Department; the Medical Services Department; biological hazards; chemical safety; confined space entry; cryogenic safety; elec...

1986-01-01

223

Patient Safety in Surgery  

PubMed Central

Background: Improving patient safety is an increasing priority for surgeons and hospitals since sentinel events can be catastrophic for patients, caregivers, and institutions. Patient safety initiatives aimed at creating a safe operating room (OR) culture are increasingly being adopted, but a reliable means of measuring their impact on front-line providers does not exist. Methods: We developed a surgery-specific safety questionnaire (SAQ) and administered it to 2769 eligible caregivers at 60 hospitals. Survey questions included the appropriateness of handling medical errors, knowledge of reporting systems, and perceptions of safety in the operating room. MANOVA and ANOVA were performed to compare safety results by hospital and by an individual's position in the OR using a composite score. Multilevel confirmatory factor analysis was performed to validate the structure of the scale at the operating room level of analysis. Results: The overall response rate was 77.1% (2135 of 2769), with a range of 57% to 100%. Factor analysis of the survey items demonstrated high face validity and internal consistency (? = 0.76). The safety climate scale was robust and internally consistent overall and across positions. Scores varied widely by hospital [MANOVA omnibus F (59, 1910) = 3.85, P < 0.001], but not position [ANOVA F (4, 1910) = 1.64, P = 0.16], surgeon (mean = 73.91), technician (mean = 70.26), anesthesiologist (mean = 71.57), CRNA (mean = 71.03), and nurse (mean = 70.40). The percent of respondents reporting good safety climate in each hospital ranged from 16.3% to 100%. Conclusions: Safety climate in surgical departments can be validly measured and varies widely among hospitals, providing the opportunity to benchmark performance. Scores on the SAQ can serve to evaluate interventions to improve patient safety.

Makary, Martin A.; Sexton, J Bryan; Freischlag, Julie A.; Millman, E Anne; Pryor, David; Holzmueller, Christine; Pronovost, Peter J.

2006-01-01

224

Environmental, safety, and health engineering  

SciTech Connect

A complete guide to environmental, safety, and health engineering, including an overview of EPA and OSHA regulations; principles of environmental engineering, including pollution prevention, waste and wastewater treatment and disposal, environmental statistics, air emissions and abatement engineering, and hazardous waste storage and containment; principles of safety engineering, including safety management, equipment safety, fire and life safety, process and system safety, confined space safety, and construction safety; and principles of industrial hygiene/occupational health engineering including chemical hazard assessment, personal protective equipment, industrial ventilation, ionizing and nonionizing radiation, noise, and ergonomics.

Woodside, G.; Kocurek, D.

1997-12-31

225

Aircraft fire safety research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the past 15 years, very significant progress has been made toward enhancing aircraft fire safety in both normal and hostile (combat) operational environments. Most of the major aspects of the aircraft fire safety problem are touched upon here. The technology of aircraft fire protection, although not directly applicable in all cases to spacecraft fire scenarios, nevertheless does provide a solid foundation to build upon. This is particularly true of the extensive research and testing pertaining to aircraft interior fire safety and to onboard inert gas generation systems, both of which are still active areas of investigation.

Botteri, Benito P.

1987-01-01

226

Making Sense of Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A teacher's most effective strategy for creating a safe lab environment is to train students to follow recommended safety procedures. Students who understand the reasons for the safety rules and the dangers of breaking the rules can assume responsibility for their actions and realize that one careless action can endanger the entire class. Cooperative learning activities allow students time to reflect on the implications of lab safety rules, and engage in inquiry-based science using a variety of mediums and instructional formats as described in this article.

Barrier, Regina

2005-09-01

227

Safety Panel Resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this paper is to explore what resources are potentially available to safety panels and to provide some guidance on how to utilize those resources. While the examples used in this paper will concentrate on the Flight Equipment and Reliability Review Panel (FESRRP) and Extravehicular Activity (EVA) hardware that have come through that panel, as well as resources at Johnson Space Center, the paper will address how this applies to safety panels in general, and where possible cite examples for other safety panels.

Stewart, Christine E.

2008-01-01

228

Hierarchical Safety Cases  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We introduce hierarchical safety cases (or hicases) as a technique to overcome some of the difficulties that arise creating and maintaining industrial-size safety cases. Our approach extends the existing Goal Structuring Notation with abstraction structures, which allow the safety case to be viewed at different levels of detail. We motivate hicases and give a mathematical account of them as well as an intuition, relating them to other related concepts. We give a second definition which corresponds closely to our implementation of hicases in the AdvoCATE Assurance Case Editor and prove the correspondence between the two. Finally, we suggest areas of future enhancement, both theoretically and practically.

Denney, Ewen W.; Whiteside, Iain J.

2012-01-01

229

Aerostructural safety factor criteria  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present modification of the conventional safety factor method for aircraft structures evaluation involves the expression of deterministic safety factors in probabilistic tolerance limit ratios; these are found to involve a total of three factors that control the interference of applied and resistive stress distributions. The deterministic expression is extended so that it may furnish a 'relative ultimate safety' index that encompasses all three distribution factors. Operational reliability is developed on the basis of the applied and the yield stress distribution interferences. Industry standards are suggested to be derivable from factor selections that are based on the consequences of failure.

Verderaime, V.

1992-01-01

230

Experimenting With Safety Gear  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The following resource is from Lessonopoly, which has created student activities and lesson plans to support the video series, Science of the Olympic Winter Games, created by NBC Learn and the National Science Foundation. Featuring exclusive footage from NBC Sports and contributions from Olympic athletes and NSF scientists, the series will help teach your students valuable scientific concepts.Students will learn several important characteristics about the process of creating safety gear. Students will create a device to protect an egg from cracking if dropped. Students will learn about the concept of dispersing energy, and learn how safety helmets and other safety gear help keep Olympic athletes alive.

2010-01-01

231

Operational radiation safety - training  

SciTech Connect

This report was written to supplement NCRP Report No. 59, Operational Radiation Safety Program, which sets forth the basic elements of a radiation safety program. Effective radiation safety programs should include training for workers exposed to either radioactive material or other radiation sources and this report seeks to provide guidance for the development of training in organizations with employees who are exposed to radiation in the course of their work. The guidance provided is intended to cover the basic elements of needed training and thus should be useful to the entire range of radiation users from small single source operations to relatively complex radiation operations.

Not Available

1983-01-01

232

Relationship of safety culture and process safety.  

PubMed

Throughout history, humans have gathered in groups for social, religious, and industrial purposes. As the conglomeration of people interact, a set of underlying values, beliefs, and principles begins to develop that serve to guide behavior within the group. These "guidelines" are commonly referred to as the group culture. Modern-day organizations, including corporations, have developed their own unique cultures derived from the diversity of the organizational interests and the background of the employees. Safety culture, a sub-set of organizational culture, has been a major focus in recent years. This is especially true in the chemical industry due to the series of preventable, safety-related disasters that occurred in the late seventies and eighties. Some of the most notable disasters, during this time period, occurred at Bhopal, Flixborough, and Seveso. However, current events, like the September 11th terrorist attacks and the disintegration of the Columbia shuttle, have caused an assessment of safety culture in a variety of other organizations. PMID:16314040

Olive, Claire; O'Connor, T Michael; Mannan, M Sam

2006-03-17

233

Leadership for safety: industrial experience  

PubMed Central

The importance of leadership for effective safety management has been the focus of research attention in industry for a number of years, especially in energy and manufacturing sectors. In contrast, very little research into leadership and safety has been carried out in medical settings. A selective review of the industrial safety literature for leadership research with possible application in health care was undertaken. Emerging findings show the importance of participative, transformational styles for safety performance at all levels of management. Transactional styles with attention to monitoring and reinforcement of workers' safety behaviours have been shown to be effective at the supervisory level. Middle managers need to be involved in safety and foster open communication, while ensuring compliance with safety systems. They should allow supervisors a degree of autonomy for safety initiatives. Senior managers have a prime influence on the organisation's safety culture. They need to continuously demonstrate a visible commitment to safety, best indicated by the time they devote to safety matters.

Flin, R; Yule, S

2004-01-01

234

Updated Lightning Safety Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes the recommendations of the Lightning Safety Group (LSG), which was first convened during the 1998 American Meteorological Society Conference. Findings outline appropriate actions under various circumstances when lightning threatens. (WRM)

Vavrek, R. James; Holle, Ronald L.; Lopez, Raul E.

1999-01-01

235

Farm Safety (For Teens)  

MedlinePLUS

... kids and teens die each year due to farm-related injuries. In fact, farm jobs have the highest rate ... and gloom: With appropriate education and safety precautions, farm-related injuries and deaths can be prevented — and teens can ...

236

Gun Safety (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC School Violence and the News Childproofing and Preventing Household Accidents ... Your Child Gun Safety Should You Worry About School Violence? Someone at School Has a Weapon. What Should ...

237

Independent Safety Organization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Brookhaven National Laboratory has conducted a study on the need and feasibility of an independent organization to investigate significant safety events for the Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data, USNRC. The study consists of three par...

W. Y. Kato E. V. Weinstock J. F. Carew R. J. Cerbone J. G. Guppy

1985-01-01

238

Professional Opportunities in Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report investigates current professional opportunities in safety. The data were gathered through the ditribution of 435 questionnaires to a nationwide sample of industries. Of the 135 usable returns, 26.6% felt that their companies could use a masters...

J. C. Lemke

1971-01-01

239

Material Safety Data Sheet  

Cancer.gov

Erbitux ™ ImClone Systems Incorporated Page 1 of 7 Material Safety Data Sheet Section 1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION 1.1 Product Information / Product Identification Product Name: Erbitux

240

Safety of Navigation Locks  

SciTech Connect

The author's observations and studies of safety of navigation locks are described. A mathematical model of lock reliability and its graphical interpretation are presented. The possibility of determination of the accident risk level by processing statistical data is discussed.

Kolosov, M. A. [St. Petersburg State University for Water Communications (Russian Federation)

2002-03-15

241

School Bus Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains why fewer school students are injured are killed while being transported in school buses than any other mode of transportation. Political and community action in school bus transportation safety is addressed. (GR)

Rittner-Heir, Robbin M.

2001-01-01

242

Medication Safety: Anticoagulation Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Objectives of this report: Identify the challenges and barriers to implementing medication safety tools. Explain the importance of utilizing evidence-based guidelines for managing warfarin therapy. Explain the importance of education for patients taking w...

C. S. Huber

2008-01-01

243

Mine Safety & Health Administration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1978 as a part of the United States Department of Labor, the Mine Safety & Health Administration (MSHA) is dedicated to "protecting miners' safety & health". On the MSHA homepage, visitors can make their way through sections that include "Highlights", "Online Tools", "Quick Links", and "Data Transparency at MSHA". In terms of getting an overview of their work, the "Highlights" area is a fine place to start. Here visitors can view press releases, informational studies, and links to safety regulations and mine evacuation procedures. The homepage also features a brief statistical portrait of the nation's mines in the "MSHA by the Numbers" area, along with basic information on fatalities in mines. On the right-hand side of the homepage visitors with more of a technical interest in the nation's mines will appreciate the inclusion of various reports on mine safety compliance and training modules.

244

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) provided oversight on the safety aspects of many NASA programs. In addition, ASAP undertook three special studies. At the request of the Administrator, the panel assessed the requirements for an assured crew return vehicle (ACRV) for the space station and reviewed the organization of the safety and mission quality function within NASA. At the behest of Congress, the panel formed an independent, ad hoc working group to examine the safety and reliability of the space shuttle main engine. Section 2 presents findings and recommendations. Section 3 consists of information in support of these findings and recommendations. Appendices A, B, C, and D, respectively, cover the panel membership, the NASA response to the findings and recommendations in the March 1992 report, a chronology of the panel's activities during the reporting period, and the entire ACRV study report.

1993-01-01

245

Physics of Reactor Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Quarterly progress report summarizes work done during the months of July-September 1979 in Argonne National Laboratory's Applied Physics and Components Technology Divisions for the Division of Reactor Safety Research (RSR) of the U.S. Nuclear Regulat...

1980-01-01

246

Irradiation and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety and Inspection Service United States Department of Agriculture About FSIS District Offices Careers Contact Us Ask ... public health agency in the U.S. Department of Agriculture responsible for ensuring that the nation's commercial supply ...

247

Freezing and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Freezing and Food Safety What Can You Freeze? Is Frozen Food Safe? Does Freezing Destroy Bacteria & Parasites? Freshness & Quality Nutrient Retention Enzymes Packaging Freezer Burn Color Changes Freeze Rapidly Freezer - Refrigerator Temperatures Freezer Storage ...

248

Home safety - children  

MedlinePLUS

... screw into the wall are best. Follow the manufacturer's safety instructions. Teach your child how to climb ... the grill is not in use. Follow the manufacturer's instructions about safely using and storing a propane ...

249

Children and Summer Safety  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Safety Parenting Traumatic Brain Injury Transcript Each year ERs across the U.S. ... than 500,000 cases of accident-driven traumatic brain injury involving children below the age of 15. ...

250

Jurassic Park Safety Audit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using the first 30 minutes of the film Jurassic Park, the student will audit it for violations of safety rules and regulations, OSHA violations, and violations of HASP's. Access to the activity required free and quick registration with ATEEC.

2007-09-18

251

NASA's Software Safety Standard  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA relies more and more on software to control, monitor, and verify its safety critical systems, facilities and operations. Since the 1960's there has hardly been a spacecraft launched that does not have a computer on board that will provide command and control services. There have been recent incidents where software has played a role in high-profile mission failures and hazardous incidents. For example, the Mars Orbiter, Mars Polar Lander, the DART (Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology), and MER (Mars Exploration Rover) Spirit anomalies were all caused or contributed to by software. The Mission Control Centers for the Shuttle, ISS, and unmanned programs are highly dependant on software for data displays, analysis, and mission planning. Despite this growing dependence on software control and monitoring, there has been little to no consistent application of software safety practices and methodology to NASA's projects with safety critical software. Meanwhile, academia and private industry have been stepping forward with procedures and standards for safety critical systems and software, for example Dr. Nancy Leveson's book Safeware: System Safety and Computers. The NASA Software Safety Standard, originally published in 1997, was widely ignored due to its complexity and poor organization. It also focused on concepts rather than definite procedural requirements organized around a software project lifecycle. Led by NASA Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance, the NASA Software Safety Standard has recently undergone a significant update. This new standard provides the procedures and guidelines for evaluating a project for safety criticality and then lays out the minimum project lifecycle requirements to assure the software is created, operated, and maintained in the safest possible manner. This update of the standard clearly delineates the minimum set of software safety requirements for a project without detailing the implementation for those requirements. This allows the projects leeway to meet these requirements in many forms that best suit a particular project's needs and safety risk. In other words, it tells the project what to do, not how to do it. This update also incorporated advances in the state of the practice of software safety from academia and private industry. It addresses some of the more common issues now facing software developers in the NASA environment such as the use of Commercial-Off-the-Shelf Software (COTS), Modified OTS (MOTS), Government OTS (GOTS), and reused software. A team from across NASA developed the update and it has had both NASA-wide internal reviews by software engineering, quality, safety, and project management. It has also had expert external review. This presentation and paper will discuss the new NASA Software Safety Standard, its organization, and key features. It will start with a brief discussion of some NASA mission failures and incidents that had software as one of their root causes. It will then give a brief overview of the NASA Software Safety Process. This will include an overview of the key personnel responsibilities and functions that must be performed for safety-critical software.

Ramsay, Christopher M.

2007-01-01

252

Older Consumers Safety Checklist  

MedlinePLUS

... get help if you fall. To help prevent fire deaths and injuries: • Install a smoke alarm in ... and all heat-producing appliances. • Practice an emergency fire escape plan. For more safety information, visit CPSC’s ...

253

Parent's Firearm Safety Checklist  

MedlinePLUS

Parent’s Firearm Safety Checklist IN YOUR HOME ? Before you buy a gun, consider less dangerous ways to keep your family ... window locks, dogs, etc. ? Don't buy a gun unless you have the necessary knowledge to use ...

254

Electrical Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Visit the appliance fire safety photo gallery Social media messages Copy and paste these messages to your ... Course Materials NFA Online All Students & Instructors Topics » Media & PIOs Tips for News Stories Fire Prevention Campaigns ...

255

Laser safety in dentistry.  

PubMed

Although many regulations and standards relating to laser safety are in effect, there continue to be an average of 35 laser injuries per year. Laser safety professionals believe that this number under-represents the actual number of injuries and that many more accidents per year occur that are not documented with federal agencies. A review of these accidents has determined that failing to wear available eye protection is one of the most frequent contributing factors to laser injuries. As the purchase and use of lasers in dentistry continues to grow, so must concern for laser safety. This article provides basic information to advance the safe use of lasers in dentistry and to help establish laser safety protocols for the dental office. PMID:19014025

Sweeney, Caroline

2008-01-01

256

Nanosensors for food safety.  

PubMed

This review summarizes recent research and development of nanosensors applied to the food safety. Since the food safety is directly related to the people's health and life, the food detection has received considerable attentions. However, this food security has emerged in China as a severe problem in recent years. Food safety problems frequently compromised due to formaldehyde, poison vegetables, excessive pesticide residues, etc. These kinds of food contaminations could not be detected efficiently by traditional methods. Applying nanotechnology and nanominerals, various food contaminations can be identified accurately. Therefore nanosensors have been widely used in the food detection. We introduce current research on nanosensors followed by the industrial application of nanosensors. Finally, the challenges for the future food safety using nanosensors are discussed. PMID:24730307

Li, Zhixiong; Sheng, Chenxing

2014-01-01

257

Security Safety and Partitioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Important aspects of both security and safety are related to process encapsulation and controlled flow of information through known interfaces. Partitioning refers to architectural mechanisms,that enforce these attributes. In this paper, we examine formal characterizations of partitioning.

John Rushby

258

Practice Hospital Bed Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... bed rails are suitable with any given bed frame." back to top Guidance FDA regulates hospital beds ... improved patient safety. "Manufacturers have redesigned their bed frames and their side rails to reduce the risk ...

259

CRITICALITY SAFETY POSTING GUIDELINES  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a set of guidelines in the preparation of criticality safety postings. Guidance is provided in word choice, word arrangement, common human factors considerations. and use of color to highlight limits, cautions, and permissives.

JENSEN, M.A.

2001-11-01

260

Safety at the Summit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how risk-management strategies can make the difference in climbing wall safety. Wall design, adhering to wall construction standards, limiting wall access, and climber evaluation are discussed. (GR)

Huddleston, Elizabeth

2001-01-01

261

Chemical Safety Audits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The course, which is presented in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Emergency Preparedness Planning, introduces safety auditing for highly hazardous chemicals. The course covers basic chemical systems and...

1994-01-01

262

National Patient Safety Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... in Industry News , Press , Updates | News | Press | No Comments National Patient Safety Foundation Welcomes Betsy Lehman Center ... in Industry News , Press , Updates | News | Press | No Comments Dr. Lucian Leape, NPSF Lucian Leape Institute Receive ...

263

Organizational Culture and Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

'..only a fool perseveres in error.' Cicero. Humans will break the most advanced technological devices and override safety and security systems if they are given the latitude. Within the workplace, the operator may be just one of several factors in causing accidents or making risky decisions. Other variables considered for their involvement in the negative and often catastrophic outcomes include the organizational context and culture. Many organizations have constructed and implemented safety programs to be assimilated into their culture to assure employee commitment and understanding of the importance of everyday safety. The purpose of this paper is to examine literature on organizational safety cultures and programs that attempt to combat vulnerability, risk taking behavior and decisions and identify the role of training in attempting to mitigate unsafe acts.

Adams, Catherine A.

2003-01-01

264

Child Pedestrian Injury Prevention Project: Student Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Few comprehensive pedestrian safety interventions for primary-school-age children have been developed and evaluated. This paper reports the impact of the 3-year (1995–1997) Child Pedestrian In jury Prevention Project (CPIPP) on a cohort of 1603 children followed from age 6 to 9 years. This multicomponent project comprised an educational intervention for students, their parents and teachers, and the local community,

Donna Cross; Mark Stevenson; Margaret Hall; Sharyn Burns; Denise Laughlin; Jill Officer; Peter Howat

2000-01-01

265

Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 17: Pupil Transportation Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 17 of the 10-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) focuses on pupil transportation safety. The purpose and objectives of a pupil transportation safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the area of pupil transportation and policies…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

266

Bear Spray Safety Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A bear spray safety program for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) was officially initiated by the Firearms Safety Committee to address accident prevention and to promote personnel training in bear spray and its transportation, storage, and use for defense against wild animals. Used as part of a system including firearms, or used alone for those who choose not to carry a firearm, bear spray is recognized as an effective tool that can prevent injury in a wild animal attack.

Blome, C. D.; Kuzniar, R. L.

2009-01-01

267

Autonomous Flight Safety System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Autonomous Flight Safety System (AFSS) is an independent self-contained subsystem mounted onboard a launch vehicle. AFSS has been developed by and is owned by the US Government. Autonomously makes flight termination/destruct decisions using configurable software-based rules implemented on redundant flight processors using data from redundant GPS/IMU navigation sensors. AFSS implements rules determined by the appropriate Range Safety officials.

Simpson, James

2010-01-01

268

Fires and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Fires and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

269

Leftovers and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Leftovers and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

270

Refrigeration and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Safety / Refrigeration and Food Safety Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

271

Aerospace safety advisory panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report from the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) contains findings, recommendations, and supporting material concerning safety issues with the space station program, the space shuttle program, aeronautics research, and other NASA programs. Section two presents findings and recommendations, section three presents supporting information, and appendices contain data about the panel membership, the NASA response to the March 1993 ASAP report, and a chronology of the panel's activities during the past year.

1994-01-01

272

Software system safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software itself is not hazardous, but since software and hardware share common interfaces there is an opportunity for software to create hazards. Further, these software systems are complex, and proven methods for the design, analysis, and measurement of software safety are not yet available. Some past software failures, future NASA software trends, software engineering methods, and tools and techniques for various software safety analyses are reviewed. Recommendations to NASA are made based on this review.

Uber, James G.

1988-01-01

273

Operational radiation safety program  

SciTech Connect

For many years the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements and its predecessors have provided extensive recommendations dealing with the many aspects of radiation protection. The objective of this report is to describe the elements of an operational radiation safety program incorporating many of these recommendations. An effective radiation safety program can do much to reduce exposures to a level as low as practicable within the NCRP recommended dose limits and to minimize the potential for accidental exposures.

Not Available

1980-01-01

274

Safety system status monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has studied the safety aspects of monitoring the preoperational status of safety systems in nuclear power plants. The goals of the study were to assess for the NRC the effectiveness of current monitoring systems and procedures, to develop near-term guidelines for reducing human errors associated with monitoring safety system status, and to recommend a regulatory position on this issue. A review of safety system status monitoring practices indicated that current systems and procedures do not adequately aid control room operators in monitoring safety system status. This is true even of some systems and procedures installed to meet existing regulatory guidelines (Regulatory Guide 1.47). In consequence, this report suggests acceptance criteria for meeting the functional requirements of an adequate system for monitoring safety system status. Also suggested are near-term guidelines that could reduce the likelihood of human errors in specific, high-priority status monitoring tasks. It is recommended that (1) Regulatory Guide 1.47 be revised to address these acceptance criteria, and (2) the revised Regulatory Guide 1.47 be applied to all plants, including those built since the issuance of the original Regulatory Guide.

Lewis, J.R.; Morgenstern, M.H.; Rideout, T.H.; Cowley, P.J.

1984-03-01

275

Autonomous Flight Safety System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Autonomous Flight Safety System (AFSS) is an independent flight safety system designed for small to medium sized expendable launch vehicles launching from or needing range safety protection while overlying relatively remote locations. AFSS replaces the need for a man-in-the-loop to make decisions for flight termination. AFSS could also serve as the prototype for an autonomous manned flight crew escape advisory system. AFSS utilizes onboard sensors and processors to emulate the human decision-making process using rule-based software logic and can dramatically reduce safety response time during critical launch phases. The Range Safety flight path nominal trajectory, its deviation allowances, limit zones and other flight safety rules are stored in the onboard computers. Position, velocity and attitude data obtained from onboard global positioning system (GPS) and inertial navigation system (INS) sensors are compared with these rules to determine the appropriate action to ensure that people and property are not jeopardized. The final system will be fully redundant and independent with multiple processors, sensors, and dead man switches to prevent inadvertent flight termination. AFSS is currently in Phase III which includes updated algorithms, integrated GPS/INS sensors, large scale simulation testing and initial aircraft flight testing.

Ferrell, Bob; Santuro, Steve; Simpson, James; Zoerner, Roger; Bull, Barton; Lanzi, Jim

2004-01-01

276

The procedure safety system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Telerobotic operations, whether under autonomous or teleoperated control, require a much more sophisticated safety system than that needed for most industrial applications. Industrial robots generally perform very repetitive tasks in a controlled, static environment. The safety system in that case can be as simple as shutting down the robot if a human enters the work area, or even simply building a cage around the work space. Telerobotic operations, however, will take place in a dynamic, sometimes unpredictable environment, and will involve complicated and perhaps unrehearsed manipulations. This creates a much greater potential for damage to the robot or objects in its vicinity. The Procedural Safety System (PSS) collects data from external sensors and the robot, then processes it through an expert system shell to determine whether an unsafe condition or potential unsafe condition exists. Unsafe conditions could include exceeding velocity, acceleration, torque, or joint limits, imminent collision, exceeding temperature limits, and robot or sensor component failure. If a threat to safety exists, the operator is warned. If the threat is serious enough, the robot is halted. The PSS, therefore, uses expert system technology to enhance safety thus reducing operator work load, allowing him/her to focus on performing the task at hand without the distraction of worrying about violating safety criteria.

Obrien, Maureen E.

1990-01-01

277

DOE explosives safety manual  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Energy (DOE) policy requires that all activities be conducted in a manner that protects the safety of the public and provides a safe and healthful workplace for employees. DOE has also prescribed that all personnel be protected in any explosives operation undertaken. The level of safety provided shall be at least equivalent to that of the best industrial practice. The risk of death or serious injury shall be limited to the lowest practicable minimum. DOE and contractors shall continually review their explosives operations with the aim of achieving further refinements and improvements in safety practices and protective features. This manual describes the Department's explosive safety requirements applicable to operations involving the development, testing, handling, and processing of explosives or assemblies containing explosives. It is intended to reflect the state-of-the-art in explosives safety. In addition, it is essential that applicable criteria and requirements for implementing this policy be readily available and known to those responsible for conducting DOE programs. This document shall be periodically reviewed and updated to establish new requirements as appropriate. Users are requested to submit suggestions for improving the DOE Explosives Safety Manual through their appropriate Operations Office to the Office of Quality Programs.

1990-05-01

278

Safety Control and Safety Education at Technical Institutes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The importance of safety education for students at technical institutes is emphasized on three grounds including safety of all working members and students in their education, research and other activities. The Kanazawa Institute of Technology re-organized the safety organization into a line structure and improved safety minds of all their members and now has a chemical materials control system and a set of compulsory safety education programs for their students, although many problems still remain.

Iino, Hiroshi

279

Software safety risk in legacy safety-critical computer systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety-critical computer systems must be engineered to meet system and software safety requirements. For legacy safety-critical computer systems, software safety requirements may not have been formally specified during development. When process-oriented software safety requirements are levied on a legacy system after the fact, where software development artifacts don't exist or are incomplete, the question becomes 'how can this be done?'

Janice Hill; Rhoda Baggs

2007-01-01

280

An on-board pedestrian detection and warning system with features of side pedestrian  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Automotive Active Safety(AAS) is the main branch of intelligence automobile study and pedestrian detection is the key problem of AAS, because it is related with the casualties of most vehicle accidents. For on-board pedestrian detection algorithms, the main problem is to balance efficiency and accuracy to make the on-board system available in real scenes, so an on-board pedestrian detection and warning system with the algorithm considered the features of side pedestrian is proposed. The system includes two modules, pedestrian detecting and warning module. Haar feature and a cascade of stage classifiers trained by Adaboost are first applied, and then HOG feature and SVM classifier are used to refine false positives. To make these time-consuming algorithms available in real-time use, a divide-window method together with operator context scanning(OCS) method are applied to increase efficiency. To merge the velocity information of the automotive, the distance of the detected pedestrian is also obtained, so the system could judge if there is a potential danger for the pedestrian in the front. With a new dataset captured in urban environment with side pedestrians on zebra, the embedded system and its algorithm perform an on-board available result on side pedestrian detection.

Cheng, Ruzhong; Zhao, Yong; Wong, Chupchung; Chan, Kwokpo; Xu, Jiayao; Wang, Xin'an

2012-02-01

281

Laser Safety Inspection Criteria  

SciTech Connect

A responsibility of the Laser Safety Officer (LSO) is to perform laser safety audits. The American National Standard Z136.1 Safe use of Lasers references this requirement in several sections: (1) Section 1.3.2 LSO Specific Responsibilities states under Hazard Evaluation, ''The LSO shall be responsible for hazards evaluation of laser work areas''; (2) Section 1.3.2.8, Safety Features Audits, ''The LSO shall ensure that the safety features of the laser installation facilities and laser equipment are audited periodically to assure proper operation''; and (3) Appendix D, under Survey and Inspections, it states, ''the LSO will survey by inspection, as considered necessary, all areas where laser equipment is used''. Therefore, for facilities using Class 3B and or Class 4 lasers, audits for laser safety compliance are expected to be conducted. The composition, frequency and rigueur of that inspection/audit rests in the hands of the LSO. A common practice for institutions is to develop laser audit checklists or survey forms. In many institutions, a sole Laser Safety Officer (LSO) or a number of Deputy LSO's perform these audits. For that matter, there are institutions that request users to perform a self-assessment audit. Many items on the common audit list and the associated findings are subjective because they are based on the experience and interest of the LSO or auditor in particular items on the checklist. Beam block usage is an example; to one set of eyes a particular arrangement might be completely adequate, while to another the installation may be inadequate. In order to provide more consistency, the National Ignition Facility Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (NIF-LLNL) has established criteria for a number of items found on the typical laser safety audit form. These criteria are distributed to laser users, and they serve two broad purposes: first, it gives the user an expectation of what will be reviewed by an auditor, and second, it is an opportunity to explain audit items to the laser user and thus the reasons for some of these items. Some examples are given from the audit criteria handout. As an explanatory key to the reader, an Operational Safety Procedure (OSP) as a formally reviewed safety procedure required for all Class 3B and Class 4 laser installations. An ''OSP Binder'' contains all safety documentation related to a given laser operation and serves as a central repository for documents, such as the OSP, interlock logs, lessons learned, contact information etc. ''Unattended Operation'' refers to approved procedures for unattended operation of the laser installation and may include operation beyond normal working hours. ''L-train'' is the LLNL training tracking system.

Barat, K

2005-02-11

282

Safety Stock and Forecast Error  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows how the need for safety stock increases when the forecast error increases - and conversely -- how the ne ed for safety stock decreases when the forecast error decreases. A way to measure the change in safety stock with forecast error changes is presented. The paper also shows how much safety stock is needed relative to the

Nick T. Thomopoulos

283

Guardrail influence on pedestrian crossing behavior at roundabouts.  

PubMed

Pedestrians account for 10-30% of all road accident fatalities in western countries, and therefore efforts to improve pedestrian safety are of major importance. Research can support these efforts in various ways, particularly by studying road crossing patterns, and by exploring pedestrian compliance rates to safety laws and guidelines. This paper focuses on pedestrian crossing behavior at roundabouts. The main goal of the present study was to quantify the effect of guardrails at roundabouts as a tool to direct pedestrians to crosswalks. We examined these effects under various conditions, such as guardrail type, traffic volume, estimated age group, gender, road type, and crosswalk type. The present study was based on field observations at 20 arms at 10 roundabouts in Israel, conducted during 2009. 60 h of video recordings were analyzed. 11,116 pedestrian crossings were observed, of which 2749 (24.7%) were not at a crosswalk, thus violating the law. Binary Logit model results suggest that the rate of violations without guardrail is 20-30% higher than the rate with full guardrail (depending on specific conditions). Compliance rates were found to be higher when traffic volumes were higher. The findings reported in the present study are a valuable contribution to support practical decisions regarding guardrails at roundabouts. Insights from this study on pedestrian crossing patterns at roundabouts can also provide a basis for suggestions of other pedestrian safety improvements. PMID:23911616

Cohen, Ariel; Bar-Gera, Hillel; Parmet, Yisrael; Ronen, Adi

2013-10-01

284

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Annual Report of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) presents results of activities during calendar year 2001. The year was marked by significant achievements in the Space Shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) programs and encouraging accomplishments by the Aerospace Technology Enterprise. Unfortunately, there were also disquieting mishaps with the X-43, a LearJet, and a wind tunnel. Each mishap was analyzed in an orderly process to ascertain causes and derive lessons learned. Both these accomplishments and the responses to the mishaps led the Panel to conclude that safety and risk management is currently being well served within NASA. NASA's operations evidence high levels of safety consciousness and sincere efforts to place safety foremost. Nevertheless, the Panel's safety concerns have never been greater. This dichotomy has arisen because the focus of most NASA programs has been directed toward program survival rather than effective life cycle planning. Last year's Annual Report focused on the need for NASA to adopt a realistically long planning horizon for the aging Space Shuttle so that safety would not erode. NASA's response to the report concurred with this finding. Nevertheless, there has been a greater emphasis on current operations to the apparent detriment of long-term planning. Budget cutbacks and shifts in priorities have severely limited the resources available to the Space Shuttle and ISS for application to risk-reduction and life-extension efforts. As a result, funds originally intended for long-term safety-related activities have been used for operations. Thus, while safety continues to be well served at present, the basis for future safety has eroded. Section II of this report develops this theme in more detail and presents several important, overarching findings and recommendations that apply to many if not all of NASA's programs. Section III of the report presents other significant findings, recommendations and supporting material applicable to specific program areas. Appendix A presents a list of Panel members. Appendix B contains the reaction of the ASAP to NASA's response to the calendar year 2000 findings and recommendations. In accordance with a practice started last year, this Appendix includes brief narratives as well as classifications of the responses as 'open,' 'closed,' or 'continuing.' Appendix C details the Panel's activities during the reporting period.

2002-01-01

285

Child passenger safety.  

PubMed

Child passenger safety has dramatically evolved over the past decade; however, motor vehicle crashes continue to be the leading cause of death of children 4 years and older. This policy statement provides 4 evidence-based recommendations for best practices in the choice of a child restraint system to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth through adolescence: (1) rear-facing car safety seats for most infants up to 2 years of age; (2) forward-facing car safety seats for most children through 4 years of age; (3) belt-positioning booster seats for most children through 8 years of age; and (4) lap-and-shoulder seat belts for all who have outgrown booster seats. In addition, a fifth evidence-based recommendation is for all children younger than 13 years to ride in the rear seats of vehicles. It is important to note that every transition is associated with some decrease in protection; therefore, parents should be encouraged to delay these transitions for as long as possible. These recommendations are presented in the form of an algorithm that is intended to facilitate implementation of the recommendations by pediatricians to their patients and families and should cover most situations that pediatricians will encounter in practice. The American Academy of Pediatrics urges all pediatricians to know and promote these recommendations as part of child passenger safety anticipatory guidance at every health-supervision visit. PMID:21422088

Durbin, Dennis R

2011-04-01

286

Pedestrian injuries due to mobile phone use in public places.  

PubMed

Research shows that pedestrians, similar to drivers, experience reduced situation awareness, distracted attention and unsafe behavior when talking or texting on their mobile phones. The present study centered on injuries related to mobile phone use among pedestrians. It used data from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission on injuries in hospital emergency rooms from 2004 through 2010. It found that mobile-phone related injuries among pedestrians increased relative to total pedestrian injuries, and paralleled the increase in injuries for drivers, and in 2010 exceeded those for drivers. Pedestrian injuries related to mobile-phone use were higher for males and for people under 31 years old. Using a mobile phone while walking puts pedestrians at risk of accident, injury or death. PMID:23644536

Nasar, Jack L; Troyer, Derek

2013-08-01

287

The association between EMS workplace safety culture and safety outcomes  

PubMed Central

Objective Prior studies have highlighted wide variation in EMS workplace safety culture across agencies. We sought to determine the association between EMS workplace safety culture scores and patient or provider safety outcomes. Methods We administered a cross-sectional survey to EMS workers affiliated with a convenience sample of agencies. We recruited these agencies from a national EMS management organization. We used the EMS Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (EMS-SAQ) to measure workplace safety culture and the EMS Safety Inventory (EMS-SI), a tool developed to capture self-reported safety outcomes from EMS workers. The EMS-SAQ provides reliable and valid measures of six domains: safety climate, teamwork climate, perceptions of management, perceptions of working conditions, stress recognition, and job satisfaction. A panel of medical directors, paramedics, and occupational epidemiologists developed the EMS-SI to measure self-reported injury, medical errors and adverse events, and safety-compromising behaviors. We used hierarchical linear models to evaluate the association between EMS-SAQ scores and EMS-SI safety outcome measures. Results Sixteen percent of all respondents reported experiencing an injury in the past 3 months, four of every 10 respondents reported an error or adverse event (AE), and 90% reported safety-compromising behaviors. Respondents reporting injury scored lower on 5 of the 6 domains of safety culture. Respondents reporting an error or AE scored lower for 4 of the 6 domains, while respondents reporting safety-compromising behavior had lower safety culture scores for 5 of 6 domains. Conclusions Individual EMS worker perceptions of workplace safety culture are associated with composite measures of patient and provider safety outcomes. This study is preliminary evidence of the association between safety culture and patient or provider safety outcomes.

Weaver, Matthew D.; Wang, Henry E.; Fairbanks, Rollin J.; Patterson, Daniel

2012-01-01

288

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers the activities of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) for calendar year 1998-a year of sharp contrasts and significant successes at NASA. The year opened with the announcement of large workforce cutbacks. The slip in the schedule for launching the International Space Station (ISS) created a 5-month hiatus in Space Shuttle launches. This slack period ended with the successful and highly publicized launch of the STS-95 mission. As the year closed, ISS assembly began with the successful orbiting and joining of the Functional Cargo Block (FGB), Zarya, from Russia and the Unity Node from the United States. Throughout the year, the Panel maintained its scrutiny of NASAs safety processes. Of particular interest were the potential effects on safety of workforce reductions and the continued transition of functions to the Space Flight Operations Contractor. Attention was also given to the risk management plans of the Aero-Space Technology programs, including the X-33, X-34, and X-38. Overall, the Panel concluded that safety is well served for the present. The picture is not as clear for the future. Cutbacks have limited the depth of talent available. In many cases, technical specialties are "one deep." The extended hiring freeze has resulted in an older workforce that will inevitably suffer significant departures from retirements in the near future. The resulting "brain drain" could represent a future safety risk unless appropriate succession planning is started expeditiously. This and other topics are covered in the section addressing workforce. In the case of the Space Shuttle, beneficial and mandatory safety and operational upgrades are being delayed because of a lack of sufficient present funding. Likewise, the ISS has little flexibility to begin long lead-time items for upgrades or contingency planning.

1999-01-01

289

Quo Vadis Payload Safety?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As we complete the preparations for the fourth Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission, we note an anniversary approaching: it was 30 years ago in July that the first HST payload safety review panel meeting was held. This, in turn, was just over a year after the very first payload safety review, a Phase 0 review for the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite and its Inertial Upper Stage, held in June of 1977. In adapting a process that had been used in the review and certification of earlier Skylab payloads, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) engineers sought to preserve the lessons learned in the development of technical payload safety requirements, while creating a new process that would serve the very different needs of the new space shuttle program. Their success in this undertaking is substantiated by the fact that this process and these requirements have proven to be remarkably robust, flexible, and adaptable. Furthermore, the payload safety process has, to date, served us well in the critical mission of safeguarding our astronauts, cosmonauts, and spaceflight participants. Both the technical requirements and their interpretation, as well as the associated process requirements have grown, evolved, been streamlined, and have been adapted to fit multiple programs, including the International Space Station (ISS) program, the Shuttle/Mir program, and most recently the United States Constellation program. From its earliest days, it was anticipated that the payload safety process would be international in scope, and so it has been. European Space Agency (ESA), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), German Space Agency (DLR), Canadian Space Agency (CSA), Russian Space Agency (RSA), and many additional countries have flown payloads on both the space shuttle and on the ISS. Our close cooperation and long-term working relationships have culminated in the franchising of the payload safety review process itself to our partners in ESA, which in turn will serve as a roadmap for extending the franchise to other Partners.

Fodroci, Michael P.; Schwartz, MaryBeth

2008-01-01

290

Biological safety cabinetry.  

PubMed Central

The biological safety cabinet is the one piece of laboratory and pharmacy equipment that provides protection for personnel, the product, and the environment. Through the history of laboratory-acquired infections from the earliest published case to the emergence of hepatitis B and AIDS, the need for health care worker protection is described. A brief description with design, construction, function, and production capabilities is provided for class I and class III safety cabinets. The development of the high-efficiency particulate air filter provided the impetus for clean room technology, from which evolved the class II laminar flow biological safety cabinet. The clean room concept was advanced when the horizontal airflow clean bench was manufactured; it became popular in pharmacies for preparing intravenous solutions because the product was protected. However, as with infectious microorganisms and laboratory workers, individual sensitization to antibiotics and the advent of hazardous antineoplastic agents changed the thinking of pharmacists and nurses, and they began to use the class II safety cabinet to prevent adverse personnel reactions to the drugs. How the class II safety cabinet became the mainstay in laboratories and pharmacies is described, and insight is provided into the formulation of National Sanitation Foundation standard number 49 and its revisions. The working operations of a class II cabinet are described, as are the variations of the four types with regard to design, function, air velocity profiles, and the use of toxins. The main certification procedures are explained, with examples of improper or incorrect certifications. The required levels of containment for microorganisms are given. Instructions for decontaminating the class II biological safety cabinet of infectious agents are provided; unfortunately, there is no method for decontaminating the cabinet of antineoplastic agents. Images

Kruse, R H; Puckett, W H; Richardson, J H

1991-01-01

291

Aviation Safety Simulation Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aviation Safety Simulation Model is a software tool that enables users to configure a terrain, a flight path, and an aircraft and simulate the aircraft's flight along the path. The simulation monitors the aircraft's proximity to terrain obstructions, and reports when the aircraft violates accepted minimum distances from an obstruction. This model design facilitates future enhancements to address other flight safety issues, particularly air and runway traffic scenarios. This report shows the user how to build a simulation scenario and run it. It also explains the model's output.

Houser, Scott; Yackovetsky, Robert (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

292

Overview of safety research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircraft safety is reviewed by first establishing a perspective of air transportation accidents as a function of calendar year, geographic area, and phase of flight, and then by describing the threats to safety and NASA research underway in the three representative areas of engine operational problems, meteorological phenomena, and fire. Engine rotor burst protection, aircraft nacelle fire extinguishment, the aircraft-weather interface, severe weather wind shears and turbulence, clear air turbulence, and lightning are among the topics covered. Fire impact management through fire resistant materials technology development is emphasized.

Enders, J. H.

1978-01-01

293

Testing for Software Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This research focuses on testing whether or not the hazardous conditions identified by design-level fault tree analysis will occur in the target implementation. Part 1: Integrate fault tree models into functional specifications so as to identify testable interactions between intended behaviors and hazardous conditions. Part 2: Develop a test generator that produces not only functional tests but also safety tests for a target implementation in a cost-effective way. Part 3: Develop a testing environment for executing generated functional and safety tests and evaluating test results against expected behaviors or hazardous conditions. It includes a test harness as well as an environment simulation of external events and conditions.

Chen, Ken; Lee, Yann-Hang; Wong, W. Eric; Xu, Dianxiang

2007-01-01

294

Operational safety reliability research  

SciTech Connect

Operating reactor events such as the TMI accident and the Salem automatic-trip failures raised the concern that during a plant's operating lifetime the reliability of systems could degrade from the design level that was considered in the licensing process. To address this concern, NRC is sponsoring the Operational Safety Reliability Research project. The objectives of this project are to identify the essential tasks of a reliability program and to evaluate the effectiveness and attributes of such a reliability program applicable to maintaining an acceptable level of safety during the operating lifetime at the plant.

Hall, R.E.; Boccio, J.L.

1986-01-01

295

Applications and safety data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview of activities involving lithium batteries, which shows the various applications and data that were performed for numerous industry and government sponsors is presented. Brief discussions on electrochemical criteria selection, and typical storage and performance data obtained from three systems being developed are presented. Current safety work being done on high-rate, D, SO2 cells is also discussed. Three chemistries were developed and are discussed: lithium vanadium pentoxide, lithium sulfur dioxide, and lithium thionyl chloride. Storage, performance and safety data are graphically presented.

Berlangieri, N. J.

1978-01-01

296

Safety Is For Everyone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In some ways, the laboratory safety standards may seem at odds with science laboratory curriculum expectations in an environment attempting to provide for full inclusion of all students. Clearly, not all students will be able to be fully mainstreamed and may require alternative placement. Careful planning and appropriate accommodations in terms of instructional strategies and assistive technology, however, can provide for equitable access to hands-on science education for all students in a safe learning environment. This free selection includes the section, Build in Safety: OSHA Laboratory Standard , the Table of Contents, Preface, and Index.

Roy, Kenneth R.

2007-01-01

297

Operating Room Fire Safety  

PubMed Central

Operating room fires are a rare but preventable danger in modern healthcare operating rooms. Optimal outcomes depend on all operating room personnel being familiar with their roles in fire prevention and fire management. Despite the recommendations of major safety institutes, this familiarity is not the current practice in many healthcare facilities. Members of the anesthesiology and the surgery departments are commonly not actively involved in fire safety programs, fire drills, and fire simulations that could lead to potential delays in prevention and management of intraoperative fires.

Hart, Stuart R.; Yajnik, Amit; Ashford, Jeffrey; Springer, Randy; Harvey, Sherry

2011-01-01

298

Multiple pedestrian detection using IR LED stereo camera  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the U.S. Department of Transportations Intelligent Vehicle Initiative (IVI) program, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is conducting R&D in vehicle safety and driver information systems. There is an increasing number of applications where pedestrian monitoring is of high importance. Visionbased pedestrian detection in outdoor scenes is still an open challenge. People dress in very different colors that sometimes blend with the background, wear hats or carry bags, and stand, walk and change directions unpredictably. The background is various, containing buildings, moving or parked cars, bicycles, street signs, signals, etc. Furthermore, existing pedestrian detection systems perform only during daytime, making it impossible to detect pedestrians at night. Under FHWA funding, we are developing a multi-pedestrian detection system using IR LED stereo camera. This system, without using any templates, detects the pedestrians through statistical pattern recognition utilizing 3D features extracted from the disparity map. A new IR LED stereo camera is being developed, which can help detect pedestrians during daytime and night time. Using the image differencing and denoising, we have also developed new methods to estimate the disparity map of pedestrians in near real time. Our system will have a hardware interface with the traffic controller through wireless communication. Once pedestrians are detected, traffic signals at the street intersections will change phases to alert the drivers of approaching vehicles. The initial test results using images collected at a street intersection show that our system can detect pedestrians in near real time.

Ling, Bo; Zeifman, Michael I.; Gibson, David R. P.

2007-09-01

299

Relationship of Safety Climate and Safety Performance in Hospitals  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the relationship between measures of hospital safety climate and hospital performance on selected Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs). Data Sources Primary data from a 2004 survey of hospital personnel. Secondary data from the 2005 Medicare Provider Analysis and Review File and 2004 American Hospital Association's Annual Survey of Hospitals. Study Design A cross-sectional study of 91 hospitals. Data Collection Negative binomial regressions used an unweighted, risk-adjusted PSI composite as dependent variable and safety climate scores and controls as independent variables. Some specifications included interpersonal, work unit, and organizational safety climate dimensions. Others included separate measures for senior managers and frontline personnel's safety climate perceptions. Principal Findings Hospitals with better safety climate overall had lower relative incidence of PSIs, as did hospitals with better scores on safety climate dimensions measuring interpersonal beliefs regarding shame and blame. Frontline personnel's perceptions of better safety climate predicted lower risk of experiencing PSIs, but senior manager perceptions did not. Conclusions The results link hospital safety climate to indicators of potential safety events. Some aspects of safety climate are more closely related to safety events than others. Perceptions about safety climate among some groups, such as frontline staff, are more closely related than perceptions in other groups.

Singer, Sara; Lin, Shoutzu; Falwell, Alyson; Gaba, David; Baker, Laurence

2009-01-01

300

Implementing Traffic Safety Evaluations to Enhance Roadway Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Improving roadway safety is an ongoing priority for transportation agencies. However, addressing safety issues in rural areas is difficult for local governments due to the limited resources available for maintenance and improvement projects. Traffic Safet...

J. Baker K. Johnson K. Vachal

2010-01-01

301

Home Safety for People with Alzheimer's Disease: General Safety Concerns  

MedlinePLUS

... Referral Center Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center Home About Alzheimer’s ... NAPA) About ADEAR Home Safety for People with Alzheimer's Disease General Safety Concerns People with Alzheimer's disease ...

302

Aerospace safety advisory panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data acquired on the actual flight experience with the various subsystems are assessed. These subsystems include: flight control and performance, structural integrity, orbiter landing gear, lithium batteries, EVA and prebreathing, and main engines. Improvements for routine operations are recommended. Policy issues for operations and flight safety for aircraft operations are discussed.

1983-01-01

303

Strengthening the safety net.  

PubMed

If you've ever built a house of cards or played a game of Jenga, you know how quickly an ill-timed move can destroy your goal of maintaining equilibrium. The consequence of upsetting one piece of the whole is a common metaphor many safety net providers use to help other healthcare organizations understand their role in the system. The fiscal and physical pressure on just one safety net provider can create a dangerous ripple effect in a community, threatening the stability of other area providers and access to care for the patients they serve. "We have created a complicated tension within our healthcare system," says Stuart H. Altman, Ph.D., HFACHE, professor, National Health Policy, at Brandeis University in Waltham, MA. "If any single major sector of the system is out of balance, the others will be affected in a very negative way." Depending (in part) on geography as well as local and state politics, the fate of "non"-safety net providers can hinge on the success of those organizations whose primary mission is to provide indigent care. "If the safety net fails, the whole healthcare system could potentially collapse because the remaining providers simply cannot handle all of the demand," says C. Duane Dauner, FACHE, president of the California Healthcare Association in Sacramento. The current situations in Washington, D.C., Dallas, and several California counties illustrate this domino effect Dauner describes. PMID:14716922

May, Ellen Lanser

2004-01-01

304

School Safety Handbook. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The revised edition of this handbook represents a concerted effort to bring school safety to the forefront of business managers' daily and long-range planning activities. Although statistics show few fatalities on school grounds, schools appear to have a high frequency and incident rate of nonfatal injuries. According to the introduction, school…

Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.

305

Farm Safety (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... age and development and what the risks are. Farm injuries are more likely to occur when kids perform ... tractor and farm vehicle safety course before operating farm vehicles. Because the risk for injury is so great, be consistent with consequences if ...

306

Communicating for Safety's Sake  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No community is safe until every member takes responsibility for the community's collective safety. College communities are no different from families, towns and businesses in that respect. Getting everyone to accept responsibility is a challenge and skilled communication is an important component of the solution. As part of the front line,…

Wiesner, Robert

2005-01-01

307

Planning for Campus Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From natural disasters to criminal violence, facilities officers are often called on to address campus safety and security issues beyond their usual responsibilities. Their experiences in coping with unanticipated events have produced a catalogue of lessons learned that can help them and their peers at other institutions who might face the same…

Dessoff, Alan

2009-01-01

308

Transfusion medicine and safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in safety of blood transfusion in clinical practice principally relate to preventing transfusion-transmitted infections (TTI). Epidemiological studies of TTI have resulted in the development, standardization, and implementation of an expanding array of immunoassays employed worldwide in routine screening of blood donated by voluntary blood donors. Exclusion of infected blood and their donors has remarkably reduced the risk of transmitting

Roger Dodd; W. Kurt Roth; Paul Ashford; Elizabeth M. Dax; Girish Vyas

2009-01-01

309

Aerospace safety advisory panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) monitored NASA's activities and provided feedback to the NASA Administrator, other NASA officials and Congress throughout the year. Particular attention was paid to the Space Shuttle, its launch processing and planned and potential safety improvements. The Panel monitored Space Shuttle processing at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and will continue to follow it as personnel reductions are implemented. There is particular concern that upgrades in hardware, software, and operations with the potential for significant risk reduction not be overlooked due to the extraordinary budget pressures facing the agency. The authorization of all of the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) Block II components portends future Space Shuttle operations at lower risk levels and with greater margins for handling unplanned ascent events. Throughout the year, the Panel attempted to monitor the safety activities related to the Russian involvement in both space and aeronautics programs. This proved difficult as the working relationships between NASA and the Russians were still being defined as the year unfolded. NASA's concern for the unique safety problems inherent in a multi-national endeavor appears appropriate. Actions are underway or contemplated which should be capable of identifying and rectifying problem areas. The balance of this report presents 'Findings and Recommendations' (Section 2), 'Information in Support of Findings and Recommendations' (Section 3) and Appendices describing Panel membership, the NASA response to the March 1994 ASAP report, and a chronology of the panel's activities during the reporting period (Section 4).

1995-01-01

310

Eye Cosmetic Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... for eyelash and eyebrow dyes containing coal tar colors . Thinking of false eyelashes or extensions? FDA considers false eyelashes, eyelash extensions, and their adhesives to be cosmetic products, and as such they must adhere to the safety and labeling requirements for cosmetics. False eyelashes and ...

311

Tempered For Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides a learning module on tempered safety glass. In this activity, instructors demonstrate the fracture toughness of tempered glass, thereby illustrating how the glass is toughened and introducing the concept of the fractography of glass. It can be used in classrooms from elementary to college levels.

Reidmeyer, Mary R.

2011-09-20

312

Safety in the Weightroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary level physical educators must be sure to instruct their weight lifters in proper spotting and lifting procedures, because weight training carries a high risk of injury. The article explains how to check the equipment, spot properly for specific exercises, and take general safety precautions in the weight room. (SM)

Fernandez-Balboa, Juan-Miguel

1993-01-01

313

Laboratory Ventilation and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to meet the needs of both safety and economy, laboratory ventilation systems must effectively remove air-borne toxic and flammable materials and at the same time exhaust a minimum volume of air. Laboratory hoods are the most commonly used means of removing gases, dusts, mists, vapors, and fumed from laboratory operations. To be effective,…

Steere, Norman V.

1965-01-01

314

Airline Safety and Economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This video documents efforts at NASA Langley Research Center to improve safety and economy in aircraft. Featured are the cockpit weather information needs computer system, which relays real time weather information to the pilot, and efforts to improve techniques to detect structural flaws and corrosion, such as the thermal bond inspection system.

1993-01-01

315

Atomic Power Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one of a series of information booklets for the general public published by The United States Atomic Energy Commission. Among the topics discussed are: What is Atomic Power?; What Does Safety Depend On?; Control of Radioactive Material During Operation; Accident Prevention; Containment in the Event of an Accident; Licensing and…

Hogerton, John F.

316

Injury Prevention and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... development on injury prevention and safety counseling to school mental health or social services staff. • 25.3% of ... One or Small-Group Sessions Location Schools At school by health services or mental health and social services staff 85.6 Through ...

317

The Safety of Crowds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If we assume that learning is best achieved in a social setting, then a vital aspect of any learning environment is its ability to support the development of trust. Trust takes many forms, from helping to identify the validity or the effectiveness of a learning resource to feelings of safety and reliance on support from fellow learners and…

Dron, Jon

2007-01-01

318

Confidence in safety claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we show that a more formal treatment of 'confidence' is needed in the arguments that make up 'dependability cases'. By a dependability case here, we have in mind a generalisation of the more usual safety case - namely a formal argument, based upon appropriate evidence, that a particular system is sufficiently dependable to be acceptable for use.

Eugenio Alberdi; Robin Bloomfield; Bev Littlewood

319

School Safety Legal Anthology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This legal anthology presents contemporary thoughts covering a broad range of topics in education and school safety from a national perspective. It covers four major areas: (1) an overview of schools in U.S. society from historical and legal perspectives; (2) an exploration of some aspects of school crime; (3) restitution, parental liability,…

Stephens, Ronald D., Ed.; And Others

320

Industrial Education Safety Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California is one of the few states in which school districts have a legal responsibility for accidents involving students while they are participating in assigned school activities. This guide was prepared to help school administrators and teachers evaluate their safety instruction programs and industrial education facilities in accordance with…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

321

Safety Assessment of Probiotics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Viable microbes have been a natural part of human diet throughout the history of mankind. Today, different fermented foods and other foods containing live microbes are consumed around the world, including industrialized countries, where the diet has become increasingly sterile during the last decades. By definition, probiotics are viable microbes with documented beneficial effects on host health. Probiotics have an excellent safety record, both in humans and in animals. Despite the wide and continuously increasing consumption of probiotics, adverse events related to probiotic use are extremely rare. Many popular probiotic strains such as lactobacilli and bifidobacteria can be considered as components of normal healthy intestinal microbiota, and thus are not thought to pose a risk for the host health - in contrast, beneficial effects on health are commonly reported. Nevertheless, the safety of probiotics is an important issue, in particular in the case of new potential probiotics which do not have a long history of safe use, and of probiotics belonging to species for which general assumption of safety cannot be made. Furthermore, safety of probiotics in high-risk populations such as critically ill patients and immunocompromized subjects deserves particular attention, as virtually all reported cases of bacteremia and fungemia associated with probiotic use, involve subjects with underlying diseases, compromised immune system or compromised intestinal integrity.

Lahtinen, Sampo J.; Boyle, Robert J.; Margolles, Abelardo; Frias, Rafael; Gueimonde, Miguel

322

Calibration facility safety plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A set of requirements is presented to insure the highest practical standard of safety for the Apollo 17 Calibration Facility in terms of identifying all critical or catastrophic type hazard areas. Plans for either counteracting or eliminating these areas are presented. All functional operations in calibrating the ultraviolet spectrometer and the testing of its components are described.

Fastie, W. G.

1971-01-01

323

Burns and Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

1 Burns and Fire Safety Fact Sheet (2013) Fatalities ? 365 children ages 19 and under died from fires or burns in 2010. 88% ( ... 50% from 1999 to 2010. 1 1999?2010 Fire/Burn Fatalities and Death Rate Among Children Ages ...

324

Intrinsic Safety Review Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With reference to Paragraph 3.5.2 of the Purchase Description for FIDS Passive Infrared Motion Sensor (PIMS), this report will outline ARI's design as it relates to intrinsic safety in Class 1 hazardous locations. Guidelines were taken from the 1975 editi...

1977-01-01

325

WiredSafety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet has afforded hundreds of millions of people the opportunity to access thousands of sites on almost every topic imaginable, and has created a myriad of new employment opportunities, interest groups, and cybercommunities. Regrettably, not every person merging onto the information superhighway is there for such laudable reasons. Stepping into the fray of n'er-do wells is the WiredSafety website, headed by Perry Aftab, an international cyberspace privacy and security lawyer and children's advocate. Registered as a non-profit organization, WiredSafety offers help for online victims of cybercrime and harassment, educational materials about cybercrime, and assistance for law enforcement worldwide on preventing and investigating cybercrimes. A good place to start on the site is Parry's Internet Safety Guide for Parents, which offers a number of helpful tips for parents about monitoring their children's interactions with others over the Internet. WiredSafety also offers Wired-Ed, which is offered free of charge and allows users to learn more about surfing the net safely. Also featured is a wide range of other online courses.

326

Toxicology and Chemical Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics addressed in this discussion of toxicology and chemical safety include routes of exposure, dose/response relationships, action of toxic substances, and effects of exposure to chemicals. Specific examples are used to illustrate the principles discussed. Suggests prudence in handling any chemicals, whether or not toxicity is known. (JN)

Hall, Stephen K.

1983-01-01

327

Child Safety Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a set of child safety curriculum guidelines intended to help prevent child victimization and to promote safer living and learning environments for children and adolescents across America. These guidelines were developed to help educators, law enforcement personnel, and members of other youth-serving agencies teach children…

National School Safety Center, Malibu, CA.

328

[Medication safety in hospitals].  

PubMed

Drug therapy is one of the most common therapeutic interventions in the medical care of in-patients. It is a complex risk-associated procedure, which is why risk prevention is of top priority in medication safety. Medical care in hospitals is organised via various forms of distribution, e.g. the traditional distribution on the ward or as computerised unit dose drug dispensing system. In order to improve medication safety, the computerised unit dose drug dispensing system was introduced in the Ruppiner Kliniken in 2009. The implementation of the system to the clinic was scientifically evaluated within the scope of a diploma thesis which focused on the examination and analysis of medication safety and its evolvement. Amongst others, medication errors were detected and classified (via DokuPIK). The thesis showed that the implementation of the computerised unit dose system had a positive impact on the reduction of consequences of common and clinically relevant medication errors, thereby enhancing medication safety for the patient. PMID:22582518

Sleinitz, Annett; Heyde, Christian; Kloft, Charlotte

2012-04-01

329

Auditing Schools for Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the issues involved in conducting effective safety audits for educational facilities. Areas covered include auditing for site characteristics, access control, lighting, building exterior, door types and locking mechanisms, key control, alarm system controls, security monitors, and vision panels in the doors. (GR)

Butterfield, Eric,

2000-01-01

330

Mail Order Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B1090 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Topics Careers Fact Sheets Food Safety Education Data Collection and Reports Food Defense and Emergency Response ...

331

Module Safety Issues (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Description of how to make PV modules so that they are less likely to turn into safety hazards. Making modules inherently safer with minimum additional cost is the preferred approach for PV. Safety starts with module design to ensure redundancy within the electrical circuitry to minimize open circuits and proper mounting instructions to prevent installation related ground faults. Module manufacturers must control the raw materials and processes to ensure that that every module is built like those qualified through the safety tests. This is the reason behind the QA task force effort to develop a 'Guideline for PV Module Manufacturing QA'. Periodic accelerated stress testing of production products is critical to validate the safety of the product. Combining safer PV modules with better systems designs is the ultimate goal. This should be especially true for PV arrays on buildings. Use of lower voltage dc circuits - AC modules, DC-DC converters. Use of arc detectors and interrupters to detect arcs and open the circuits to extinguish the arcs.

Wohlgemuth, J.

2012-02-01

332

Obstacles to Laser Safety  

SciTech Connect

The growth of laser development & technology has been remarkable. Unfortunately, a number of traps or obstacles to laser safety have also developed with that growth. The goal of this article is to highlight those traps, in the hope that an aware laser user will avoid them. These traps have been the cause or contributing factor of many a preventable laser accident.

Barat, K

2005-04-25

333

Burns and Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

1 Burns and Fire Safety Fact Sheet (2014) Fatalities ? 325 children ages 19 and under died from fires or burns in 2011. 85% ( ... 55% from 1999 to 2011. 1 1999?2011 Fire/Burn Fatalities and Death Rate Among Children Ages ...

334

Reactor safety method  

DOEpatents

This invention relates to safety means for preventing a gas cooled nuclear reactor from attaining criticality prior to start up in the event the reactor core is immersed in hydrogenous liquid. This is accomplished by coating the inside surface of the reactor coolant channels with a neutral absorbing material that will vaporize at the reactor's operating temperature.

Vachon, Lawrence J. (Clairton, PA)

1980-03-11

335

Nuclear reactor safety device  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safety device is described for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of a thermal excursion. It comprises a laminated strip helically configured to form a tube, said tube being in operative relation to said control rod. The laminated strip is formed of at least two

Hutter

1983-01-01

336

Nuclear reactor safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

An account is given of the basic physics and engineering underlying the design of nuclear reactors, descriptions of the types of reactor currently operating, the principles of reactor fault detection and control, safety analysis and hazards assessment. The more serious hypothetical accidents are reviewed for water cooled and gas cooled reactors and for the liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactor.

J. L. Head; A. J. H. Goddard; P. J. Grant

1979-01-01

337

Nuclear reactor safety device  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a nuclear reactor having a core, a coolant for contacting and cooling the core, at least one control rod movable axially relative to the core for varying the power output of the reactor, and control means for moving the control rod to regulate the power output, a safety device is described to afford additional protection against an upward thermal

Hutter

1986-01-01

338

Nanodrugs: pharmacokinetics and safety  

PubMed Central

To date, various nanodrug systems have been developed for different routes of administration, which include dendrimers, nanocrystals, emulsions, liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, micelles, and polymeric nanoparticles. Nanodrug systems have been employed to improve the efficacy, safety, physicochemical properties, and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile of pharmaceutical substances. In particular, functionalized nanodrug systems can offer enhanced bioavailability of orally taken drugs, prolonged half-life of injected drugs (by reducing immunogenicity), and targeted delivery to specific tissues. Thus, nanodrug systems might lower the frequency of administration while providing maximized pharmacological effects and minimized systemic side effects, possibly leading to better therapeutic compliance and clinical outcomes. In spite of these attractive pharmacokinetic advantages, recent attention has been drawn to the toxic potential of nanodrugs since they often exhibit in vitro and in vivo cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, inflammation, and genotoxicity. A better understanding of the pharmacokinetic and safety characteristics of nanodrugs and the limitations of each delivery option is necessary for the further development of efficacious nanodrugs with high therapeutic potential and a wide safety margin. This review highlights the recent progress in nanodrug system development, with a focus on the pharmacokinetic advantages and safety challenges.

Onoue, Satomi; Yamada, Shizuo; Chan, Hak-Kim

2014-01-01

339

The Importance of Radiofrequency Safety into Occupational Safety Coursework  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Typical safety programs, both undergraduate and graduate, do not explore issues related with RF hazards and safety. Without federal regulations and enforcement, the topic is usually disregarded and thus creating future safety professionals without any knowledge of the possibilities of RF hazards at the future employment. This paper will discuss what is radiofrequency, how radiofrequency is used, regulatory agencies and compliance issues in regards to radiofrequency and finally research of Safety, Health and Environmental programs across the United States.

2010-07-29

340

Safety management vs. picking leaves.  

PubMed

A safety program will generally have as its base a comprehensive written document made available for everyone in the organization. The document should indicate a positive commitment to safety by management. It should not be a "how to" guide, but rather a broad outline to establish responsibilities, goals, and methods. The safety manager is appointed in writing and answers to the highest level of management. As opposed to a "doer," the safety manager acts as a director and administrator of the safety program. This is accomplished through the advisory capacity of the safety program for solicited and unsolicited problems. The focus of the safety manager is on the system and how it contributes to safety problems, rather than individual problems. Management has the ultimate responsibility for safety. Their efforts should reflect a proactive attitude to correct problems in the system. In order to identify areas of interest, technically competent input from the safety manager should be required. The support of the safety program by top management determines the success of the program. Without a clear and firm commitment by the organization, safety will receive no more than lip service from the employees. The benefits of a proactive approach will be realized in the organization's ability to manage safety issues, rather than reacting to them. PMID:10113760

Wright, D

1991-09-01

341

Safety and accessibility effects of code modifications and traffic calming of an arterial road.  

PubMed

The European Road E12 through the community center of Storuman, Sweden was reconstructed in 1999 and 2000. Pedestrian walkways, traffic islands, chicanes of a type referred to as "Danish buns", a roundabout and a two-directional cycle track along the E12 were installed. The purpose of the reconstruction was to improve safety for pedestrians and bicyclists, primarily for children, the elderly and the disabled, and to reduce the barrier effect of the E12 thoroughfare. In May 2000, the code governing the conduct of drivers at marked crosswalks in Sweden became stricter to improve safety and mobility for pedestrians. The combined effect of reconstructions and change of code was analyzed. Traffic behavior was studied at the intersection where the roundabout was constructed. Yield behavior towards pedestrians changed significantly. The difference was even greater with respect to yielding to child bicyclists - from 6% before to 84% after - even though the code change only related to pedestrians. Crash data analysis suggests a minor increase in fall injuries after reconstructions and change of code. Measures of speed, behavioral studies, questionnaires, face-to-face interviews and crash data analysis suggest that safety has increased not only along the E12 but also along adjacent roads. The final conclusion is that a bypass is not needed in a case like Storuman. Traffic calming of the main arterial through the town seems sufficient. PMID:16356456

Leden, Lars; Wikström, Per-Erik; Gårder, Per; Rosander, Peter

2006-05-01

342

Laser Safety Inspection Criteria  

SciTech Connect

A responsibility of the Laser Safety Officer (LSO) is to perform laser audits. The American National Standard Z136.1 Safe Use of Lasers references this requirement through several sections. One such reference is Section 1.3.2.8, Safety Features Audits, ''The LSO shall ensure that the safety features of the laser installation facilities and laser equipment are audited periodically to assure proper operation''. The composition, frequency and rigor of that inspection/audit rests in the hands of the LSO. A common practice for institutions is to develop laser audit checklists or survey forms It is common for audit findings from one inspector or inspection to the next to vary even when reviewing the same material. How often has one heard a comment, ''well this area has been inspected several times over the years and no one ever said this or that was a problem before''. A great number of audit items, and therefore findings, are subjective because they are based on the experience and interest of the auditor to particular items on the checklist. Beam block usage, to one set of eyes might be completely adequate, while to another, inadequate. In order to provide consistency, the Laser Safety Office of the National Ignition Facility Directorate has established criteria for a number of items found on the typical laser safety audit form. The criteria are distributed to laser users. It serves two broad purposes; first, it gives the user an expectation of what will be reviewed by an auditor. Second, it is an opportunity to explain audit items to the laser user and thus the reasons for some of these items, such as labelling of beam blocks.

Barat, K

2005-06-13

343

The Strategy for Safety: Preventing Crises through Safety Audits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author demonstrates the importance of school safety audits and describes what schools should focus on in a safety audit. Ultimately, each school should determine its own safety audit strategy based on its unique circumstances, including the type of community within which it is located, the age of the students it serves, and the…

Schwartz, Sara Goldsmith

2013-01-01

344

49 CFR 190.239 - Safety orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) PIPELINE SAFETY PIPELINE SAFETY ENFORCEMENT AND REGULATORY PROCEDURES...

2013-10-01

345

NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the third quarter of operation of the Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS), 1429 reports concerning aviation safety were received from pilots, air traffic controllers, and others in the national aviation system. Details of the administration and...

1977-01-01

346

Occupational Safety and Health Administration  

MedlinePLUS

... RSS Feeds OSHA Newsletter RSS Feeds Occupational Safety & Health Administration We Can Help What's New | Offices Home ... Publications Harwood Grant Publications Recordkeeping Forms Assistance Safety/Health Topics Pages Small Business Speeches State Programs Temporary ...

347

NATIONAL AGRICULTURE SAFETY DATABASE (NASD)  

EPA Science Inventory

NASD is a national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. The mission of the NASD project is: to provide a national information resource for the dissemin...

348

Ground Beef and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety and Inspection Service United States Department of Agriculture About FSIS District Offices Careers Contact Us Ask ... must be federally inspected. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) carries ...

349

Shelf-Stable Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety and Inspection Service United States Department of Agriculture About FSIS District Offices Careers Contact Us Ask ... plants by inspectors from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service. Products made into ...

350

An Evaluation of Railroad Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Railroad Safety Authorization Act of 1976 required the Office of Technology Assessment to evaluate the effectiveness of Federal efforts to improve the safety of our Nation's railroads. The report includes an examination of current accident and...

1978-01-01

351

Partnership for Food Safety Education  

MedlinePLUS

... you enjoy fresh produce. Check it out ! Consumer Food Safety Education Conference 2014 Mark your calendar - the Consumer ... Brochure View all Downloads What's New Partnership for Food Safety Education Food Safe Families Action Pledge The Partnership ...

352

Operational Safety at the FFTF.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An extensive operational nuclear safety program has been an integral part of the design, startup, and initial operating phases of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF). During the design and construction of the facility, a program of independent safety overv...

Q. L. Baird J. W. Hagan S. E. Seeman S. M. Baker

1981-01-01

353

Advanced Reactor Safety Research Division.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Advanced Reactor Safety Research Programs Quarterly Progress Report describes current activities and technical progress in the programs at Brookhaven National Laboratory sponsored by the USNRC Division of Reactor Safety Research. The projects reported...

R. J. Cerbone T. Ginsberg J. G. Guppy C. Sastre

1981-01-01

354

Tank Farms Technical Safety Requirements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The technical safety requirements (TSRs) define the acceptable conditions, safe boundaries, bases thereof, and controls to ensure safe operation during authorized activities, for facilities within the scope of the Tank Farms Documented Safety Analysis.

M. A. Danna

2003-01-01

355

Transportation safety recommendations. Monthly report  

SciTech Connect

The subscription offers publications containing safety recommendations in aviation, highway, marine, pipeline, and railroad modes of transportation adopted by the National Transportation Safety Board for each month of the year 1982.

Not Available

1987-01-01

356

Handbook for Public Playground Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The handbook presents safety information for public playground equipment in the form of guidelines. Publication of the handbook is expected to promote greater safety awareness among those who purchase, install, and maintain public playground equipment. Th...

1998-01-01

357

Safety Belt Use in 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS) is an observational survey of safety belt use that began in 1994 and has been used by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to measure the nations belt use. Unlike telephone surveys ...

D. Glassbrenner

2003-01-01

358

Youth and Traffic Safety Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The status of knowledge regarding youth and traffic safety education is reviewed and possible reasons for the high death rate discussed; the high involvement of alcohol is shown. The presently unknown safety value of current programs of instruction is not...

1971-01-01

359

Young Worker Safety and Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Work Zone In-house Fatality Investigation Reports Highway Work Zone State-based Fatality Investigation Reports Horse Racing - Safety and Health Immigrant Workers Challenges to Worker Safety and Health Organizations Publications and Reports Indoor Environmental Quality Dampness and ...

360

Policy Manual - General Safety Practices  

Cancer.gov

It is a goal of each laboratory to ensure that safe work practices are established and followed. All laboratory personnel receive formal training in laboratory safety procedures and are familiar with and annually review the safety manual, which specifies practices and techniques designed to minimize hazards. Safety practices and techniques must be supplemented by appropriate facility design and engineering features, safety equipment and management policies.

361

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During 1997, the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) continued its safety reviews of NASA's human space flight and aeronautics programs. Efforts were focused on those areas that the Panel believed held the greatest potential to impact safety. Continuing safe Space Shuttle operations and progress in the manufacture and testing of primary components for the International Space Station (ISS) were noteworthy. The Panel has continued to monitor the safety implications of the transition of Space Shuttle operations to the United Space Alliance (USA). One area being watched closely relates to the staffing levels and skill mix in both NASA and USA. Therefore, a section of this report is devoted to personnel and other related issues that are a result of this change in NASA's way of doing business for the Space Shuttle. Attention will continue to be paid to this important topic in subsequent reports. Even though the Panel's activities for 1997 were extensive, fewer specific recommendations were formulated than has been the case in recent years. This is indicative of the current generally good state of safety of NASA programs. The Panel does, however, have several longer term concerns that have yet to develop to the level of a specific recommendation. These are covered in the introductory material for each topic area in Section 11. In another departure from past submissions, this report does not contain individual findings and recommendations for the aeronautics programs. While the Panel devoted its usual efforts to examining NASA's aeronautic centers and programs, no specific recommendations were identified for inclusion in this report. In lieu of recommendations, a summary of the Panel's observations of NASA's safety efforts in aeronautics and future Panel areas of emphasis is provided. With profound sadness the Panel notes the passing of our Chairman, Paul M. Johnstone, on December 17, 1997, and our Staff Assistant, Ms. Patricia M. Harman, on October 5, 1997. Other changes to the Panel composition during the past year were: the resignation of Mr. Dennis E. Fitch as a Consultant; the appointment of Mr. Roger D. Schaufele as a Consultant; and the assignment of Ms. Susan M. Smith as Staff Assistant.

1998-01-01

362

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents the results of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) activities during 2002. The format of the report has been modified to capture a long-term perspective. Section II is new and highlights the Panel's view of NASA's safety progress during the year. Section III contains the pivotal safety issues facing NASA in the coming year. Section IV includes the program area findings and recommendations. The Panel has been asked by the Administrator to perform several special studies this year, and the resulting white papers appear in Appendix C. The year has been filled with significant achievements for NASA in both successful Space Shuttle operations and International Space Station (ISS) construction. Throughout the year, safety has been first and foremost in spite of many changes throughout the Agency. The relocation of the Orbiter Major Modifications (OMMs) from California to Kennedy Space Center (KSC) appears very successful. The transition of responsibilities for program management of the Space Shuttle and ISS programs from Johnson Space Center (JSC) to NASA Headquarters went smoothly. The decision to extend the life of the Space Shuttle as the primary NASA vehicle for access to space is viewed by the Panel as a prudent one. With the appropriate investments in safety improvements, in maintenance, in preserving appropriate inventories of spare parts, and in infrastructure, the Space Shuttle can provide safe and reliable support for the ISS for the foreseeable future. Indications of an aging Space Shuttle fleet occurred on more than one occasion this year. Several flaws went undetected in the early prelaunch tests and inspections. In all but one case, the problems were found prior to launch. These incidents were all handled properly and with safety as the guiding principle. Indeed, launches were postponed until the problems were fully understood and mitigating action could be taken. These incidents do, however, indicate the need to analyze the Space Shuttle certification criteria closely. Based on this analysis, NASA can determine the need to receritfy the vehicles and to incorporate more stringent inspections throughout the process to minimize launch schedule impact. A highly skilled and experience workforce will be increasingly important for safe and reliable operations as the Space Shuttle vehicles and infrastructure continue to age.

2002-01-01

363

ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, SAFETY CULTURE, AND SAFETY PERFORMANCE AT RESEARCH FACILITIES.  

SciTech Connect

Organizational culture surveys of research facilities conducted several years ago and archival occupational injury reports were used to determine whether differences in safety performance are related to general organizational factors or to ''safety culture'' as reflected in specific safety-related dimensions. From among the organizations surveyed, a pair of facilities was chosen that were similar in size and scientific mission while differing on indices of work-related injuries. There were reliable differences in organizational style between the facilities, especially among workers in environment, safety, and health functions; differences between the facilities (and among job categories) on the safety scale were more modest and less regular.

BROWN,W.S.

2000-07-30

364

Safety for Teen-Agers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed for teenage students and discusses safety and first aid. The first part of the booklet covers safety instruction, causes of accidents, what it means to be safety-minded, and discusses experimental safe-car design and testing programs. The second part presents basic descriptions for first aid treatment of common injuries…

Pounds, Elenore T.; And Others

365

Fire safety assessment technology research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fire safety assessment (FSA) is a very important approach to fire safety management. To carry out FSA, its quantification methods should be first studied. One of the effective methods would be Modern Control Theory which is applied to assess fire objects, to realize dynamic and quantitative management, and to control fire safety system. This method puts forward some factors concerning

Li Jianfeng; Yao Xiaohui; Kui Qiao

2009-01-01

366

Missouri Secondary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. This manual contains information on standards, legal aspects, and responsibilities for science safety; general laboratory safety for…

Lemons, Judith L.

367

Annual Safety Education Review 1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents articles completed in 1970 by the Division of Safety Education of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. The 11 articles deal with the following topics: a) the problem of apathy in safety education, b) the safety aspects of archery and riflery, c) weight training for high school girls, d)…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

368

Annual Safety Education Review 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents articles completed in 1971 by the Division of Safety Education of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. The 11 articles deal with the following topics: a) athletic training programs, b) safety considerations in winter sports, c) safety considerations in gymnastics, d) emergency care, e)…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

369

Handbook for Public Playground Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playgrounds, being a fundamental part of the childhood experience, should be safe havens for children. This handbook includes technical safety guidelines for designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining public playgrounds. It also includes a "Public Playground Safety Checklist" to highlight some of the most important safety issues for…

Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC.

370

Water Safety and Young Children  

MedlinePLUS

... Water Safety And Young Children Safety & Prevention Listen Water Safety And Young Children Article Body Water is one of the most ominous hazards your ... can drown in only a few inches of water, even if they’ve had swimming instruction. Swimming ...

371

Building safety into ICU care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Institute of Medicine's (IOMs) report, “To Err is Human,” recently addressed patient safety in the United States, alerting the nation to the need for improved systems of health care. Seven main findings were addressed in this report, we focus on 3: (1) patient safety is a nationwide problem, (2) health care workers are not to blame, and (3) safety

Peter Pronovost; Albert W. Wu; Todd Dorman; Laura Morlock

2002-01-01

372

Prioritization of generic safety issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents the priority rankings for generic safety issues related to nuclear power plants. The purpose of these rankings is to assist in the timely and efficient allocation of NRC resources for the resolution of those safety issues that have a significant potential for reducing risk. The report focuses on the prioritization of generic safety issues. Issues primarily concerned

R. Emrit; W. Minners; H. VanderMolen; R. Colmar; D. Thatcher; J. Pittman; W. Milstead; R. Riggs; G. Sege; P. Matthews

1983-01-01

373

School Chemistry Laboratory Safety Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents information about ordering, using, storing, and maintaining chemicals in the high school laboratory. The guide also provides information about chemical waste, safety and emergency equipment, assessing chemical hazards, common safety symbols and signs, and fundamental resources relating to chemical safety, such as Material…

Brundage, Patricia; Palassis, John

2006-01-01

374

School Safety Study: Phase I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from a study concerned with Arizona school safety. The survey component highlights safety-related policy information across 300 schools; the interview component highlights school-safety perceptions of 64 staff across 16 schools. Various policies and programs that respond to internal and external threats to school…

Arora, Alka

375

School Safety Gets the Ax  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new informal federal survey has found that for many districts, budget cuts have had a profound effect on school safety and security measures. Administrators have been forced to cut safety and security staffing and programs, reorganize security departments and find alternative sources of funding in order to maintain levels of safety and security…

Eisele-Dyrli, Kurt

2010-01-01

376

SAFETY IN THE CHEMICAL LABORATORY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MONTHLY ARTICLES ON LABORATORY SAFETY THAT APPEARED IN THE "JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION" BETWEEN JANUARY 1964, AND JANUARY 1967, ARE COMBINED IN THIS MANUAL FOR HIGH SCHOOL AND COLLEGE CHEMISTRY TEACHERS. A GENERAL SECTION DEALS WITH (1) RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACCIDENT PREVENTION, (2) SAFETY CONSIDERATION IN RESEARCH PROPOSALS, (3) A SAFETY

STEERE, NORMAN V.

377

Safety in earth orbit study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Safety aspects are studied of the space shuttle orbiter, the shuttle payloads, and space stations in earth orbital operations. The tasks generated safety requirements, guidelines, recommendations, and conceptual safety devices. The tasks studied were: hazardous payloads, docking, onboard survivability tumbling spacecraft, and escape and rescue operations.

1972-01-01

378

Investigation on laser safety informatics  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the aid of the detection on the multimedia messaging service (MMS) of the laser accidents, novel insecurity factors in laser safety informatics are investigated. By using continuously improved laser self-organization safety system, new concepts of laser safety are developed. Various kinds of accidents can be avoided when comprehensive protective measures are taken.

Chongwen Guan; Shizhan Lei; Yingjian Wang

2009-01-01

379

Safety Audit/Inspection Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides guidelines and procedures for safety audits and inspections in work environments. Contents include: (1) Administrative Concepts, (2) Physical Concepts, (3) Protecting Your Audits, (4) Safety Inspections, and (5) Safety Inspection Checklist. The appendix features federal laws and regulations affecting laboratories. (YDS)

American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

380

Nuclear-reactor-safety computers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dual safety computers monitor coolant flow and temperature for each fuel and target assembly in the Savannah River Plant production reactors, providing rapid shutdown capability if any assembly is in danger of melting. The same computers also monitor twenty-four other safety circuits and enforce shutdown by a second mechanism if the primary (safety rod) system fails.

Kritz

1981-01-01

381

Development and validation of FE models of impactor for pedestrian testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Car-pedestrian accidents account for a considerable number of automobile accidents in industrialized countries. Safeguarding\\u000a of pedestrians is taking on an increasingly important role in car design. Working Group 17 (WG17) of the European Enhanced\\u000a Vehicle-safety Committee (EEVC) proposed four impactor models for assessing pedestrian friendliness of a vehicle. In this\\u000a study, finite element models of adult headform, child headform, upper

Tso-Liang Teng; Trong-Hai Nguyen

2008-01-01

382

Road safety barriers  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A road safety barrier having four or more ropes 4-7 supported by posts 1-3 rigidly mounted on or in the ground is described. Each rope is held in tension against the posts and follows a sinuous path between the posts. The ropes are tensioned against the posts and this gives rise to a combined frictional resistance to displacement of the ropes relative to each post along the length of the safety barrier. The structure of at least some of the posts and/or their mounting with respect to the ground defines a minimum bending yield strength in a direction along the length of the barrier. This minimum bending yield strength is greater than the bending moment resulting from the combined frictional resistance forces acting on the post.

2009-03-03

383

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers the activities of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) for calendar year 1998-a year of sharp contrasts and significant successes at NASA. The year opened with the announcement of large workforce cutbacks. The slip in the schedule for launching the International Space Station (ISS) created a five-month hiatus in Space Shuttle launches. This slack period ended with the successful and highly publicized launch of the STS-95 mission. As the year closed, ISS assembly began with the successful orbiting and joining of the Functional Cargo Block (FGB), Zarya, from Russia and the Unity Node from the United States. Throughout the year, the Panel maintained its scrutiny of NASA's safety processes. Of particular interest were the potential effects on safety of workforce reductions and the continued transition of functions to the Space Flight Operations Contractor. Attention was also given to the risk management plans of the Aero-Space Technology programs, including the X-33, X-34, and X-38. Overall, the Panel concluded that safety is well served for the present. The picture is not as clear for the future. Cutbacks have limited the depth of talent available. In many cases, technical specialties are 'one deep.' The extended hiring freeze has resulted in an older workforce that will inevitably suffer significant departures from retirements in the near future. The resulting 'brain drain' could represent a future safety risk unless appropriate succession planning is started expeditiously. This and other topics are covered in the section addressing workforce. The major NASA programs are also limited in their ability to plan property for the future. This is of particular concern for the Space Shuttle and ISS because these programs are scheduled to operate well into the next century. In the case of the Space Shuttle, beneficial and mandatory safety and operational upgrades are being delayed because of a lack of sufficient present funding. Likewise, the ISS has little flexibility to begin long lead-time items for upgrades or contingency planning. For example, the section on computer hardware and software contains specific findings related to required longer range safety-related actions. NASA can be proud of its accomplishments this past year, but must remain ever vigilant, particularly as ISS assembly begins to accelerate. The Panel will continue to focus on both the short- and long-term aspects of risk management and safety planning. This task continues to be made manageable and productive by the excellent cooperation the Panel receives from both NASA and its contractors. Particular emphasis will continue to be directed to longer term workforce and program planning issues as well as the immediate risks associated with ISS assembly and the initial flights of the X-33 and X-34. Section 2 of this report presents specific findings and recommendations generated by ASAP activities during 1998. Section 3 contains more detailed information in support of these findings and recommendations. Appendix A is a current roster of Panel members, consultants, and staff. Appendix B contains NASA's response to the findings and recommendations from the 1997 ASAP Annual Report. Appendix C details the fact-finding activities of the Panel in 1998. During the year, Mr. Richard D. Blomberg was elected chair of the Panel and Vice Admiral (VADM) Robert F Dunn was elected deputy chair. VADM Bernard M. Kauderer moved from consultant to member. Mr. Charles J. Donlan retired from the Panel after many years of meritorious service. Ms. Shirley C. McCarty and Mr. Robert L. ('Hoot') Gibson joined the Panel as consultants.

1999-01-01

384

Basics of Safety Switches  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course is one of the quickStep series offered by Siemens in Safety Switches. These are FREE on-line industrial knowledge building tutorials. quickSTEPs are a great start for industry novices moving into technical jobs or staff in operational support rolls. They can also be very effectively used as out of class assignments for review or to build fundamental skills. Each course includes: an online tutorial organized as a number of units, lessons with self check quiz questions, a glossary of terms, a self-check final exam with scoring, an extensive downloadable PDF study guide. This course offers: current protection, fuses, enclosures, switch design, switch terminology, safety switches, a final exam, a glossary and a 72 page study guide.

2008-11-25

385

Lab Safety Training Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Princeton University's Environmental Health & Safety division, this extensive lab safety training guide provides basic information for working safely with laboratory chemicals and equipment. The "Introduction" to the site contains information specific to doing such work at Princeton, so visitors should direct their attention over to the left-hand side of the page. Here they will find sections that cover basic procedures regarding the use of flammable liquids, compressed gases, fume hoods, peroxides, and about a dozen other things that one might encounter in such a setting. Along with offering some lists of instructions, each area also has some helpful graphics that will help those just getting started in a lab identify key procedures and commonly-encountered pieces of equipment.

386

PharmSafety.org  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Patient safety in the healthcare professions is a constant concern, and all practitioners want to be able to address this issue effectively and accurately. PharmSafety.org offers one way to provide that assurance, through the education and continued training of pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and pharmacy assistants. Funded by an unrestricted educational grant from the McKesson Foundation, the site�s extensive CE (Continuing Education) Center is free for anyone to access; it simply requires creating a logon and password. Students, educators, practitioners and administrators can all choose their career level, occupational category and subcategories at registration, and then work through seven self-study modules personalized for their field within the study of pharmacy. The site also offers articles from practice and research journals, technical reports, conference handouts, and links to additional resources.

Grasha, Anthony F.

2006-11-16

387

Food Safety Music  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Carl Winter, a golden-throated Extension Food Toxicologist at the University of California, Davis, has written and recorded two albums of parodies of popular songs "with a food safety/ science twist." Lucky for us, Winter has made a number of these tunes and their lyrics available at this site. The songs are organized by food science topic (Food Safety, Pesticides, Biotech, Toxicology, etc.), and listed with file size, the song that inspired it, and a link to the lyrics. Highlights include "I Sprayed It on the Grapevine," "We are the Microbes/ They Might Kill You," "Food Busters," and "Food Irradiation." Graduate students especially will enjoy Winter's take on academic life and the advisor-student relationship: "Money for Nothing."

Winter, Carl.

388

Safety lessons from aviation.  

PubMed

Thirty years ago the world of Commercial Aviation provided a challenging environment. In my early flying days, aircraft accidents were not unusual, flying was seen as a risky business and those who took part, either as a provider or passenger, appeared grudgingly willing to accept the hazards involved. A reduction in the level of risk was sought in technological advances, greater knowledge of physics and science, and access to higher levels of skill through simulation, practice and experience. While these measures did have an impact, the expected safety dividend was not realized. The most experienced, technically competent individuals with the best equipment featured far too regularly in the accident statistics. We had to look at the human element, the impact of flaws or characteristics of the human condition. We call this area Human Factors. My paper describes the concept of Human Factors, its establishment as a key safety tool in aviation and the impact of this on my working life. PMID:16130364

Higton, Phil

2005-07-01

389

Safety review advisor  

SciTech Connect

The University of Tennessee's Nuclear Engineering Department, in cooperation with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), is evaluating the feasibility of utilizing an expert system to aid in 10CFR50.59 evaluations. This paper discusses the history of 10CFR50.59 reviews, and details the development approach used in the construction of a prototype Safety Review Advisor (SRA). The goals for this expert system prototype are to (1) aid the engineer in the evaluation process by directing his attention to the appropriate critical issues, (2) increase the efficiency, consistency, and thoroughness of the evaluation process, and (3) provide a foundation of appropriate Safety Analysis Report (SAR) references for the reviewer. 6 refs., 2 figs.

Boshers, J.A.; Alguindigue, I.E.; Uhrig, R.E. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering); Burnett, C.G. (Tennessee Valley Authority, Knoxville, TN (USA))

1989-01-01

390

Nuclear reactor safety device  

DOEpatents

A safety device is disclosed for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of an upward thermal excursion. Such safety device comprises a laminated helical ribbon configured as a tube-like helical coil having contiguous helical turns with slidably abutting edges. The helical coil is disclosed as a portion of a drive member connected axially to the control rod. The laminated ribbon is formed of outer and inner laminae. The material of the outer lamina has a greater thermal coefficient of expansion than the material of the inner lamina. In the event of an upward thermal excursion, the laminated helical coil curls inwardly to a smaller diameter. Such inward curling causes the total length of the helical coil to increase by a substantial increment, so that the control rod is axially repositioned by a corresponding amount to reduce the power output of the reactor.

Hutter, Ernest (Wilmette, IL)

1986-01-01

391

Firearms safety program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The USGS provides appropriate firearms safety training for any employee or USGS volunteer who uses, handles, carries, or stores a firearm as part of his or her official duties. An employee or volunteer can be authorized to carry a firearm while on official duty once he or she has completed specified training requirements and a certificate of need and qualification inquiry. Knowledge of details for firearms storage, security, and transport is also necessary.

Geological Survey (U.S.)

2005-01-01

392

Triclosan: Applications and safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Triclosan (2,4,4?-trichloro-2?-hydroxydiphenyl ether) is a nonionic, broad spectrum, antimicrobial agent that, because of its favorable safety profile, has been incorporated into a variety of many personal care products, including deodorant soaps, underarm deodorants, shower gels, and health care personnel handwashes. Triclosan exhibits a moderate degree of substantivity to the skin, and, in many products, it imparts a remnant antimicrobial effect.

H. N. Bhargava; Patricia A. Leonard

1996-01-01

393

Health and Safety Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Health and safety standards aim at minimizing risk to people and the environment. Often, though, there is a significant time\\u000a lag between the emergence of any new technology and the generation of sufficient risk information to allow a thorough risk\\u000a assessment and to write a traditional regulatory quantitative risk management standard [1]. In the early twenty-first century,\\u000a this time lag

Vladimir Murashov; John Howard

394

Material Safety Data Sheets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Loctite corporation, which manufactures sealants, adhesives and coatings, has recently posted online a searchable database of materials safety information pages. Users enter keywords to retrieve listings of composition, physical properties, toxicity, and stability of compounds. Recommendations for storage and disposal, emergency first aid, and fire management are also provided. The database features Loctite products exclusively, but it does contain substantial listings that researchers and workers handling chemicals might need.

2005-12-13

395

DOE standard: Firearms safety  

SciTech Connect

Information in this document is applicable to all DOE facilities, elements, and contractors engaged in work that requires the use of firearms as provided by law or contract. The standard in this document provides principles and practices for implementing a safe and effective firearms safety program for protective forces and for non-security use of firearms. This document describes acceptable interpretations and methods for meeting Order requirements.

NONE

1996-02-01

396

Nuclear reactor safety system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safety system (10) for shutting down a nuclear reactor under overload conditions is provided using a series of parallelconnected computing modules (14a, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14e) each of which receives data on a particular reactor parameter (P, t, phi t, phi b, w) and each of which produces a function (F(P), f(T), f( Phi t), f( Phi b), f(W))

Ball

1981-01-01

397

Nuclear reactor safety system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safety system for shutting down a nuclear reactor under overload conditions is provided using a series of parallelconnected computer memory type look-up tables each of which receives data on a particular reactor parameter (P, t, phi t, phi b, w) and each of which has stored therein a precalculated functional value (F(P); f(T); f( Phi t); f( Phi b);

R. M. Ball; R. C. Roberts

1981-01-01

398

Introduction to Electrical Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from CREATE California provides an introduction to electrical safety which would be useful for students in a classsroom setting as well as learners about to enter the workforce. The document discusses common electrical industrial accidents such as electrical shock, electrical burns, electrical fires and misuse of tools and equipment. Common warning and caution signs are also included in the material, which is available for download in PDF file format.

2012-10-17

399

Health and safety  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses health and safety in coal mines and the primary issues in this area during 1989. Particular attention is given to the employment figures as well as the fatality statistics. According to this article, employment was up during 1989 to approximately 164,000 workers as compared to 136,000 in 1969. Attention is also given to dealing with coal mining regulations as well as a crackdown on illegal operators in the industry.

Snyder, K. (Mine Safety and Health Administration (US))

1990-05-01

400

Tower crane safety in the construction industry: A Hong Kong study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tower cranes are extensively used for lifting materials in construction sites. Most construction sites are very confined and close to public. Tower crane accidents not only hazard workers in construction sites, but also pedestrians. This paper investigates tower crane safety in related to the understanding and degree of executing statutory requirements and non-statutory guidelines for the use of tower cranes

Vivian W. Y. Tam; Ivan W. H. Fung

2011-01-01

401

The Evaluation of the North Carolina K-9 Traffic Safety Curriculum: Methodology, Findings, and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of the traffic safety curriculum as presented to K-9 students in North Carolina focused on three areas: (1) the extent to which students acquired the information included in the curriculum, (2) the extent to which students showed a change in their actual pedestrian and bicyclist behavior, and (3) the extent to which teachers made…

Padgett, Susan S.

402

Frequently Asked Questions about Vaccine Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... of Vaccine Safety Activities About Immunization Safety Office (ISO) Scientific Agenda Scientific Agenda Archive Clinical Immunization Safety ... of Vaccination? Vaccines are held to the highest standard of safety. The United States currently has the ...

403

Health and Safety Guide for Foundries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This informative health and safety guide for foundries emphasizes management's responsibility and gives safety guidelines and the more frequently encountered violations. Topics include the health and safety program, safety training, machine guarding, hous...

1976-01-01

404

Food Safety for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women  

MedlinePLUS

... and Nutrition Information for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women Food Safety for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women Food safety is ... careful about food safety while you are pregnant. Food safety advice for everyone Keep food safe to eat ...

405

49 CFR 229.109 - Safety valves.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD LOCOMOTIVE SAFETY STANDARDS Safety Requirements Steam Generators § 229.109 Safety valves. Every steam generator shall be equipped with at least two safety valves that have a combined...

2010-10-01

406

33 CFR 165.20 - Safety zones.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Safety zones. 165.20 Section 165.20...SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS Safety Zones § 165.20 Safety zones....

2013-07-01

407

30 CFR 57.19132 - Safety catches.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Safety catches. 57.19132 Section 57.19132 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH...

2013-07-01

408

Safety profile of levetiracetam.  

PubMed

A good balance between safety and tolerability is necessary for an antiepileptic drug (AED) to be successful in the management of patients with epilepsy. Levetiracetam is one of the new generation of AEDs licensed as an add-on therapy for the treatment of patients with partial-onset seizures. Leveti-racetam's mechanisms of action are not fully understood. Controlled clinical trials, open-label studies, and postmarketing surveillance indicate that leveti-racetam has a favorable safety profile characterized by little effect on vital signs or clinical laboratory values, reported adverse events that are mild to moderate, and no known drug-drug interactions. The tolerability of levetiracetam may extend to both pediatric and elderly patients based on analyses of small numbers of patients. Tolerability is maintained over the long term. Levetirac-etam does not appear to have a different safety profile in learning-disabled patients. Levetiracetam appears to have a good balance between tolerability and efficacy in the treatment of a wide variety of patients with partial epilepsy. PMID:12915343

Arroyo, Santiago; Crawford, Pamela

2003-05-01

409

Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report provides findings, conclusions and recommendations regarding the National Space Transportation System (NSTS), the Space Station Freedom Program (SSFP), aeronautical projects and other areas of NASA activities. The main focus of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) during 1988 has been monitoring and advising NASA and its contractors on the Space Transportation System (STS) recovery program. NASA efforts have restored the flight program with a much better management organization, safety and quality assurance organizations, and management communication system. The NASA National Space Transportation System (NSTS) organization in conjunction with its prime contractors should be encouraged to continue development and incorporation of appropriate design and operational improvements which will further reduce risk. The data from each Shuttle flight should be used to determine if affordable design and/or operational improvements could further increase safety. The review of Critical Items (CILs), Failure Mode Effects and Analyses (FMEAs) and Hazard Analyses (HAs) after the Challenger accident has given the program a massive data base with which to establish a formal program with prioritized changes.

1989-03-01

410

Safety Features in Anaesthesia Machine  

PubMed Central

Anaesthesia is one of the few sub-specialties of medicine, which has quickly adapted technology to improve patient safety. This application of technology can be seen in patient monitoring, advances in anaesthesia machines, intubating devices, ultrasound for visualisation of nerves and vessels, etc., Anaesthesia machines have come a long way in the last 100 years, the improvements being driven both by patient safety as well as functionality and economy of use. Incorporation of safety features in anaesthesia machines and ensuring that a proper check of the machine is done before use on a patient ensures patient safety. This review will trace all the present safety features in the machine and their evolution.

Subrahmanyam, M; Mohan, S

2013-01-01

411

Model-Based Safety Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System safety analysis techniques are well established and are used extensively during the design of safety-critical systems. Despite this, most of the techniques are highly subjective and dependent on the skill of the practitioner. Since these analyses are usually based on an informal system model, it is unlikely that they will be complete, consistent, and error free. In fact, the lack of precise models of the system architecture and its failure modes often forces the safety analysts to devote much of their effort to gathering architectural details about the system behavior from several sources and embedding this information in the safety artifacts such as the fault trees. This report describes Model-Based Safety Analysis, an approach in which the system and safety engineers share a common system model created using a model-based development process. By extending the system model with a fault model as well as relevant portions of the physical system to be controlled, automated support can be provided for much of the safety analysis. We believe that by using a common model for both system and safety engineering and automating parts of the safety analysis, we can both reduce the cost and improve the quality of the safety analysis. Here we present our vision of model-based safety analysis and discuss the advantages and challenges in making this approach practical.

Joshi, Anjali; Heimdahl, Mats P. E.; Miller, Steven P.; Whalen, Mike W.

2006-01-01

412

A Shape-Independent-Method for Pedestrian Detection with Far-Infrared-Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Night-time driving is more dangerous than day-time driving | particularly for older drivers. Three to four times as many deaths occur at night than in the day time (1). To improve safety of night driving, automatic pedestrian detection based on infrared images has drawn increasing attention because pedestrians tend to stand out more against the background in infrared images than

Yajun Fang; Keiichi Yamada; Yoshiki Ninomiya; Berthold Horn; Ichiro Masaki

2004-01-01

413

Attentional control, high intensity pleasure, and risky pedestrian behavior in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individual differences in temperament and personality are closely linked to motor vehicle safety. However, 13% of Americans who die in transportation-related injuries are not killed in motor vehicle crashes, but rather in pedestrian injuries. This study was designed to study links between two individual difference measures, attentional control and high intensity pleasure, and pedestrian injury risk among college students, a

David C. Schwebel; Despina Stavrinos; Elizabeth M. Kongable

2009-01-01

414

Software Safety Risk in Legacy Safety-Critical Computer Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Safety-critical computer systems must be engineered to meet system and software safety requirements. For legacy safety-critical computer systems, software safety requirements may not have been formally specified during development. When process-oriented software safety requirements are levied on a legacy system after the fact, where software development artifacts don't exist or are incomplete, the question becomes 'how can this be done?' The risks associated with only meeting certain software safety requirements in a legacy safety-critical computer system must be addressed should such systems be selected as candidates for reuse. This paper proposes a method for ascertaining formally, a software safety risk assessment, that provides measurements for software safety for legacy systems which may or may not have a suite of software engineering documentation that is now normally required. It relies upon the NASA Software Safety Standard, risk assessment methods based upon the Taxonomy-Based Questionnaire, and the application of reverse engineering CASE tools to produce original design documents for legacy systems.

Hill, Janice; Baggs, Rhoda

2007-01-01

415

Safety study application guide. Safety Analysis Report Update Program  

SciTech Connect

Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., (Energy Systems) is committed to performing and documenting safety analyses for facilities it manages for the Department of Energy (DOE). Included are analyses of existing facilities done under the aegis of the Safety Analysis Report Upgrade Program, and analyses of new and modified facilities. A graded approach is used wherein the level of analysis and documentation for each facility is commensurate with the magnitude of the hazard(s), the complexity of the facility and the stage of the facility life cycle. Safety analysis reports (SARs) for hazard Category 1 and 2 facilities are usually detailed and extensive because these categories are associated with public health and safety risk. SARs for Category 3 are normally much less extensive because the risk to public health and safety is slight. At Energy Systems, safety studies are the name given to SARs for Category 3 (formerly {open_quotes}low{close_quotes}) facilities. Safety studies are the appropriate instrument when on-site risks are limited to irreversible consequences to a few people, and off-site consequences are limited to reversible consequences to a few people. This application guide provides detailed instructions for performing safety studies that meet the requirements of DOE Orders 5480.22, {open_quotes}Technical Safety Requirements,{close_quotes} and 5480.23, {open_quotes}Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports.{close_quotes} A seven-chapter format has been adopted for safety studies. This format allows for discussion of all the items required by DOE Order 5480.23 and for the discussions to be readily traceable to the listing in the order. The chapter titles are: (1) Introduction and Summary, (2) Site, (3) Facility Description, (4) Safety Basis, (5) Hazardous Material Management, (6) Management, Organization, and Institutional Safety Provisions, and (7) Accident Analysis.

Not Available

1993-07-01

416

Effect of vehicle front end profiles leading to pedestrian secondary head impact to ground.  

PubMed

Most studies of pedestrian injuries focus on reducing traumatic injuries due to the primary impact between the vehicle and the pedestrian. However, based on the Pedestrian Crash Data Study (PCDS), some researchers concluded that one of the leading causes of head injury for pedestrian crashes can be attributed to the secondary impact, defined as the impact of the pedestrian with the ground after the primary impact of the pedestrian with the vehicle. The purpose of this study is to understand if different vehicle front-end profiles can affect the risk of pedestrian secondary head impact with the ground and thus help in reducing the risk of head injury during secondary head impact with ground. Pedestrian responses were studied using several front-end profiles based off a mid-size vehicle and a SUV that have been validated previously along with several MADYMO pedestrian models. Mesh morphing is used to explore changes to the bumper height, bonnet leading-edge height, and bonnet rear reference-line height. Simulations leading up to pedestrian secondary impact with ground are conducted at impact speeds of 40 and 30 km/h. In addition, three pedestrian sizes (50th, 5th and 6yr old child) are used to enable us to search for a front-end profile that performs well for multiple sizes of pedestrians, not just one particular size. In most of the simulations, secondary ground impact with pedestrian head/neck/shoulder region occurred. However, there were some front-end profiles that promoted secondary ground impact with pedestrian lower extremities, thus avoiding pedestrian secondary head impact with ground. Previous pedestrian safety research work has suggested the use of active safety methods, such as 'pop up hood', to reduce pedestrian head injury during primary impact. Accordingly, we also conducted simulations using a model with the hood raised to capture the effect of a pop-up hood. These simulations indicated that even though pop-up hood helped reducing the head injury criterion during primary impact, it changed the overall pedestrian kinematics in some cases. The specific design with pop up hood evaluated in this study did not prevent pedestrian head secondary impact with the ground or actually led to more severe pedestrian secondary head impact with the ground. PMID:24435729

Gupta, Vishal; Yang, King H

2013-11-01

417

Safety diagnosis criteria—development and testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criteria for evaluating occupational safety in industrial organisations have been developed and tested. These criteria were designed for use in safety diagnoses, i.e. planned and systematic investigations of the organisation and the administrative procedures to control safety. The safety criteria were derived from previous performed safety management analyses and safety audit tools. A questionnaire survey was carried out in order

Ranveig Kviseth Tinmannsvik; Jan Hovden

2003-01-01

418

Strategies for Reducing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Injury at the Corridor Level. Final Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A systemic approach for identifying potential safety countermeasures and implementing them across groups of locations sharing the same risk characteristics has been developed for pedestrian-vehicle collisions. This study was funded by the California Depar...

A. Yavari D. R. Ragland O. Grembek Y. Zhang Z. Yang

2013-01-01

419

Lightning safety of animals.  

PubMed

This paper addresses a concurrent multidisciplinary problem: animal safety against lightning hazards. In regions where lightning is prevalent, either seasonally or throughout the year, a considerable number of wild, captive and tame animals are injured due to lightning generated effects. The paper discusses all possible injury mechanisms, focusing mainly on animals with commercial value. A large number of cases from several countries have been analyzed. Economically and practically viable engineering solutions are proposed to address the issues related to the lightning threats discussed. PMID:22215021

Gomes, Chandima

2012-11-01

420

[Food safety of GMOs].  

PubMed

In this presentation, we review the complexity of the different biological events which occur during life cell cycles. Indeed transgenesis is not an unknown event for cells. In the second part of this article, the complex and complete evaluation process destined to assure the food safety of GMOs, before they are released on the market, is describd. Some ansers to questions frequently asked about the GMOs are given. It is concludedthat GMOs are probably more safe than their conventional non-GM counterpart. PMID:20122394

Joudrier, P

2009-01-01

421

Food Safety Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Did you know that September is Food Safety Month? To find out more about it, visit this Website from the US Food and Drug Administration, where you can take the 'Fridge Quiz, learn about the "thaw law" and download the cold storage chart (.pdf). Although the site is intended primarily for food science educators, it contains factsheets, games and activities that might be of interest to general audiences. For instance, did you know that non-dairy whipped topping is safe in the refrigerator for 3 months?! Heaps of graphics and brochures for educators can be downloaded from .pdf files.

2001-01-01

422

Ice maker safety control  

SciTech Connect

In a refrigeration apparatus including an evaporator, a defrost heater for defrosting the evaporator, a defrost thermostat having a switch for de-energizing the defrost heater at a preselected high temperature of the evaporator, and an ice making apparatus having a mold, a mold heater, and a control circuit controllably energized the mold heater, a safety control for the ice making apparatus is described comprising: means for thermally coupling the defrost thermostat with the mold; and means electrically connecting the defrost thermostat switch with the control circuit for de-energizing the mold heater at a preselected high temperature of the mold to prevent overheating thereof.

Linstromberg, W.J.

1988-05-03

423

The Psychology of Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many studies of mishaps show that human error is a factor in a significant majority of accidents. Trying to decide how to change human behavior to be safer is generally the biggest challenge of any safety program. However, understanding the human psyche is the first step to changing behavior. Many studies focus on the before and after of an accident, but what about the thoughts of a person in the commission of an unsafe act? This is a less understood area. Examining it reveals why it is not well comprehended. This paper attempts to examine a part of the thought process, with an eye to helping influence people to less hurtful actions.

Anderson, Brenda Lindley

2011-01-01

424

Animal Safety Handling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are at least three things to remember when handling all animals? Use Graphic Organizer Take notes on handling all different types of livestock. Read about Livestock Handling Safety and Good Relationships Be sure to record facts in your organizer. Read and explore Recommended Basic Livestock Handling. Dr. Grandin s guidelines Be sure to click on each link and take notes in organizer. Watch Sheep and Cattle Handling Guidelines Video Observe sheep and cattle handling practices. Read the first five sections of Know your livestock and be safe ...

Hammond, Mr.

2012-04-11

425

The construction of a radar-type safety device to complement human vision in safety prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A logic-based safety system to facilitate the safety of the human worker in a human-machine system is constructed. The safety system contains a safety confirmation sensor which issues a work output permission to the machine, which predicts and confirms safety, and which samples safety information. If safety information is not obtained, a safe state is assured by decisions based on

Noboru Sugimoto; Hiroyasu Ikeda

1990-01-01

426

Safety Testing of Safety Critical Software Based on Critical Mission Duration  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the safety of software based safety critical systems, we firstly analyzed the differences between reliability and safety, then, introduced a safety model based on three-state Markov model and some safety-related metrics. For safety critical software it is common to demand that all known faults are removed. Thus an operational test for safety critical software takes the form of

Shiping Yang; Nan Sang; Guangze Xiong

2004-01-01

427

Nuclear explosive safety study process  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear explosives by their design and intended use require collocation of high explosives and fissile material. The design agencies are responsible for designing safety into the nuclear explosive and processes involving the nuclear explosive. The methodology for ensuring safety consists of independent review processes that include the national laboratories, Operations Offices, Headquarters, and responsible Area Offices and operating contractors with expertise in nuclear explosive safety. A NES Study is an evaluation of the adequacy of positive measures to minimize the possibility of an inadvertent or deliberate unauthorized nuclear detonation, high explosive detonation or deflagration, fire, or fissile material dispersal from the pit. The Nuclear Explosive Safety Study Group (NESSG) evaluates nuclear explosive operations against the Nuclear Explosive Safety Standards specified in DOE O 452.2 using systematic evaluation techniques. These Safety Standards must be satisfied for nuclear explosive operations.

NONE

1997-01-01

428

Cockpit emergency safety system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comprehensive safety concept is proposed for aircraft's experiencing an incident to the development of fire and smoke in the cockpit. Fire or excessive heat development caused by malfunctioning electrical appliance may produce toxic smoke, may reduce the clear vision to the instrument panel and may cause health-critical respiration conditions. Immediate reaction of the crew, safe respiration conditions and a clear undisturbed view to critical flight information data can be assumed to be the prerequisites for a safe emergency landing. The personal safety equipment of the aircraft has to be effective in supporting the crew to divert the aircraft to an alternate airport in the shortest possible amount of time. Many other elements in the cause-and-effect context of the emergence of fire, such as fire prevention, fire detection, the fire extinguishing concept, systematic redundancy, the wiring concept, the design of the power supplying system and concise emergency checklist procedures are briefly reviewed, because only a comprehensive and complete approach will avoid fatal accidents of complex aircraft in the future.

Keller, Leo

2000-06-01

429

Safety Critical Mechanisms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spaceflight mechanisms have a reputation for being difficult to develop and operate successfully. This reputation is well earned. Many circumstances conspire to make this so: the environments in which the mechanisms are used are extremely severe, there is usually limited or no maintenance opportunity available during operation due to this environment, the environments are difficult to replicate accurately on the ground, the expense of the mechanism development makes it impractical to build and test many units for long periods of time before use, mechanisms tend to be highly specialized and not prone to interchangeability or off-the-shelf use, they can generate and store a lot of energy, and the nature of mechanisms themselves, as a combination of structures, electronics, etc. designed to accomplish specific dynamic performance, makes them very complex and subject to many unpredictable interactions of many types. In addition to their complexities, mechanism are often counted upon to provide critical vehicle functions that can result in catastrophic events should the functions not be performed. It is for this reason that mechanisms are frequently subjected to special scrutiny in safety processes. However, a failure tolerant approach, along with good design and development practices and detailed design reviews, can be developed to allow such notoriously troublesome mechanisms to be utilized confidently in safety-critical applications.

Robertson, Brandan

2008-01-01

430

Shuttle Safety Improvements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Shuttle has been flying for over 20 years and based on the Orbiter design life of 100 missions it should be capable of flying at least 20 years more if we take care of it. The Space Shuttle Development Office established in 1997 has identified those upgrades needed to keep the Shuttle flying safely and efficiently until a new reusable launch vehicle (RLV) is available to meet the agency commitments and goals for human access to space. The upgrade requirements shown in figure 1 are to meet the program goals, support HEDS and next generation space transportation goals while protecting the country 's investment in the Space Shuttle. A major review of the shuttle hardware and processes was conducted in 1999 which identified key shuttle safety improvement priorities, as well as other system upgrades needed to reliably continue to support the shuttle miss ions well into the second decade of this century. The high priority safety upgrades selected for development and study will be addressed in this paper.

Henderson, Edward

2001-01-01

431

Spa, springs and safety.  

PubMed

Natural mineral water has long been used worldwide for bathing and health purposes. At present, Thailand is famous for health spas and natural hot springs among local people and tourists. Due to possible risks of exposure to harmful agents, we studied hazardous pollutants at 57 natural hot springs from 11 provinces in northern, central, eastern and southern Thailand. Pathogenic, free-living amebae of the genera Naegleria and Acanthamoeba, which can cause central nervous system infection, were found in 26.3% (15/57) and 15.8% (9/ 57), respectively. Dissolved radon, a soil gas with carcinogenic properties, was present in nearly all hot springs sites, with concentration ranging from 0.87-76,527 Becquerels/m3. There were 5 water samples in which radon concentration exceeded the safety limit for drinking. Legionella pneumoniphila (serogroups 1, 3, 5, 6, 7 10 and 13) were found in samples from 71.9% (41/57) of studied sites. Because spas and natural springs are popular tourist attractions, health authorities should be aware of possible hazards and provide tactful measures and guidelines to ensure safety without causing undue alarm to foreign and Thai tourists. PMID:16438172

Sukthana, Yaowalark; Lekkla, Amorn; Sutthikornchai, Chantira; Wanapongse, Paitoon; Vejjajiva, Athasit; Bovornkitti, Somchai

2005-01-01

432

Dual hydraulic safety valve  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a subsurface well safety valve for controlling the fluid flow through a well conduit and including a housing having a bore and a valve closure member moving between open and closed positions for controlling the fluid flow through the bore, a tubular member telescopically moving in the housing for controlling the movement of the valve closure member. The improvement in fluid actuating means for actuating the valve closure member comprising, a first piston and cylinder assembly in the housing adapted to be connected to a hydraulic control line, the first assembly connected to the tubular member, a second piston and cylinder assembly in the housing adapted to be connected to a hydraulic control line, the second assembly disconnected from the tubular member, and means for disconnecting the first assembly from the tubular member and connecting the second assembly to the tubular member. The method of operating a subsurface well safety valve for controlling the fluid flow through a well conduit in which the valve includes a housing having a bore and a valve closure member moving between open and closed positions for controlling the fluid flow through the bore.

Leismer, D.D.; Blizzard, W.A. Jr.

1989-06-13

433

(Thermal reactor safety)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the trip was for the traveler to participate in The International NUCSAFE 88 Conference on Thermal Reactor Safety, held in Avignon, France, October 3--7, 1988, including presentation of a paper entitled, Results of Material Investigations on Low-Upper-Shelf (LUS) Steel within the Heavy-Section Steel Technology Program (HSST).'' The major thrust of the conference was the safety of commercial power reactors, predominantly light-water reactors (LWRs). The principal areas of discussion and presentation included thermal-hydraulics, operational experience, severe accidents and their predictions and management, reactivity excursions, source-term evaluations, plant aging, and human factors considerations. These areas were considered for both the current and the next generation of LWRs. There was only limited discussion of issues relating to reactor pressure vessel (RPV) integrity other than the prospect of a complete core melt-through, resulting from overall system failure. This report will primarily cover the overall impact of the conference with short sections on the limited information presented on pressure vessels and the results of discussions on the extension and expansion of the cooperative research agreement between the HSST Program and the Swiss-nuclear program. 5 refs.

Corwin, W.R.

1988-10-21

434

Patient safety in cataract surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeThe recent focus on healthcare errors and safety suggest that practitioners and policy makers might appraise their cataract surgical care from a patient safety perspective. This paper reviews patient safety issues relevant to cataract care. Causation and consequences of incidents in cataract surgery, with implications for policy, are discussed.MethodsModels of accident causation from other domains were drawn on and empirically

S P Kelly; N J Astbury

2006-01-01

435

The National Ag Safety Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Florida originally made this directory, a subset of its National Agricultural Safety Database CD-ROM, available on the web. Since then the database has undergone several updates. The Directory "contains contact information on safety professionals and organizations throughout the US," and "health and safety publications from 32 states, 4 federal agencies and 5 national organizations" and can be browsed or searched. The creators of the database have gone to great lengths to improve this site over the years.

1995-01-01

436

Operating safety of automatic objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Operating-safety assurance for automatic objects (aircraft, spacecraft, and underwater vehicles) is considered in the framework of safety-automata theory and automatic-control considerations. The interaction between the operator and the safety-assurance facilities is considered. Methodological recommendations are presented on the specification of reliability requirements for the vehicles considered, as well as on automata synthesis and analysis considerations, test planning, and the analysis of test results.

Maiorov, Anatolii Vladimirovich; Moskatov, Genrikh Karlovich; Shibanov, Georgii Petrovich

437

76 FR 29333 - Pipeline Safety: Meetings of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration [Docket No. PHMSA-2011-0127] Pipeline Safety: Meetings of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the...

2011-05-20

438

76 FR 11312 - Pipeline Safety: Meeting of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration [Docket No. PHMSA-2009-0203] Pipeline Safety: Meeting of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the...

2011-03-01

439

75 FR 72778 - Pipeline Safety: Technical Pipeline Safety Advisory Committee Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 195 [Docket No. PHMSA-2009-0203] Pipeline Safety: Technical Pipeline Safety Advisory Committee Meeting AGENCY:...

2010-11-26

440

77 FR 38132 - Pipeline Safety: Meeting of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration [Docket No. PHMSA-2009-0203] Pipeline Safety: Meeting of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the...

2012-06-26

441

75 FR 45591 - Pipeline Safety: Notice of Technical Pipeline Safety Advisory Committee Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration...Part 192 [Docket No. PHMSA-2009-0203] Pipeline Safety: Notice of Technical Pipeline Safety Advisory Committee Meetings...

2010-08-03

442

76 FR 43743 - Pipeline Safety: Meetings of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration [Docket No. PHMSA-2011-0127] Pipeline Safety: Meetings of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the...

2011-07-21

443

78 FR 76265 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA...National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Section 610...Automotive Fuel Economy Reports. 538...Exemption from Motor Vehicle Safety and Bumper Standards....

2013-12-17

444

Lessons Learned from Safety Events  

SciTech Connect

The Hydrogen Incident Reporting and Lessons Learned website (www.h2incidents.org) was launched in 2006 as a database-driven resource for sharing lessons learned from hydrogen-related safety events to raise safety awareness and encourage knowledge-sharing. The development of this database, its first uses and subsequent enhancements have been described at the Second and Third International Conferences on Hydrogen Safety. [1,2] Since 2009, continuing work has not only highlighted the value of safety lessons learned, but enhanced how the database provides access to another safety knowledge tool, Hydrogen Safety Best Practices (http://h2bestpractices.org). Collaborations with the International Energy Agency (IEA) Hydrogen Implementing Agreement (HIA) Task 19 – Hydrogen Safety and others have enabled the database to capture safety event learnings from around the world. This paper updates recent progress, highlights the new “Lessons Learned Corner” as one means for knowledge-sharing and examines the broader potential for collecting, analyzing and using safety event information.

Weiner, Steven C.; Fassbender, Linda L.

2012-11-01

445

A Laboratory Safety Trivia Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the start of each semester, our department begins our chemistry seminar series with a presentation on laboratory safety. All chemistry faculty, staff, graduate students, undergraduate research students, and student laboratory assistants are required to attend. Many of these individuals have sat through these seminars for several years; they feel the seminars are boring and repetitive. In order to enliven these safety presentations, I have created a cooperative online trivia game. It has been my experience that the lab safety trivia game is an effective and entertaining way to teach lab safety.

Gublo, Kristin I.

2003-04-01

446

Human aspects of mission safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent discussions of psychology's involvement in spaceflight have emphasized its role in enhancing space living conditions and incresing crew productivity. While these goals are central to space missions, behavioral scientists should not lose sight of a more basic flight requirement - that of crew safety. This paper examines some of the processes employed in the American space program in support of crew safety and suggests that behavioral scientists could contribute to flight safety, both through these formal processes and through less formal methods. Various safety areas of relevance to behavioral scientists are discussed.

Connors, Mary M.

1989-01-01

447

European perspectives of food safety.  

PubMed

Food safety has been a growing concern among European Union (EU) citizens over the last decades. Despite the fact that food has never been safer, consumers are considerably uncertain and increasingly critical about the safety of their food. The introduction of new principles, such as the primary responsibility of producers, traceability, risk analysis, the separation of risk assessment and risk management provided a more transparent, science-based system in Europe, which can help to restore consumers' lost confidence. The present EU integrated approach to food safety 'from farm to fork' aims to assure a high level of food safety within the EU. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry. PMID:24515443

Bánáti, Diána

2014-08-01

448

Safety assessment in the urban park environment in Alborz Province, Iran.  

PubMed

Urban parks, as one of the recreational and sports sectors, could cause serious injuries among different ages if the safety issues in their design are not considered. These injuries can result from the equipment in the park, including play and sports equipment, or even from environmental factors, too. Lack of safety benchmark in parks will impact on the development of future proposals. In this article, attempts are made to survey the important safety factors in the urban parks including playgrounds, fitness equipment, pedestrian surface and environmental factors into a risk assessment. Hence, a checklist of safety factors was used. A Yes or No descriptor was allocated to any factor for determining safety level. The study also suggests recommendations for future planning concerning existing failures for designers. It was found that the safety level of the regional and local parks differ from each other. PMID:22524163

Oostakhan, Morteza; Babaei, Aliakbar

2013-01-01

449

Sample Safety Test Items. Safety Supplement Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sample test questions related to a variety of safety items comprise this publication. It is a supplement to a series on shop safety information produced by the New York State Education Department. The multiple choice test items are intended as a resource for use in developing teacher-made tests, based on course content. (CTM)

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Industrial Arts Education.

450

Arizona Traffic Safety Education, K-8. Bicycle Safety, Grade 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series designed to assist Arizona elementary and junior high school teachers in developing children's traffic safety skills, this curriculum guide contains ten lessons on bicycles for use in grade 2. Introductory information provided for the teacher includes basic highway safety concepts, stressing communication methods for highway users,…

Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

451

Beyond chemical safety— an integrated approach to laboratory safety management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health and safety programs for laboratories are typically oriented around specific regulatory requirements, even though hazards in laboratories seldom respect these boundaries. Not only does this place an unnecessary burden on researchers because they have to keep track of several related health and safety activities, it also increases the chance that laboratory hazards might not be addressed because they are

James M. Kapin

1999-01-01

452

Flight Safety Officer and Chiefs of Safety. X-Prefix.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report represents the results of a detailed Air Force occupational survey of the Flight Safety Officers and Chiefs of Safety utilization areas (X-Prefix). This report was prepared in response to a request generated by Headquarters, Air Force Inspecti...

J. Slovak

1987-01-01

453

Perceived Organizational Support for Safety and Employee Safety Voice: The Mediating Role of Coworker Support for Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, we modeled 2 sources of safety support (perceived organizational support for safety and perceived coworker support for safety) as predictors of employee safety voice, that is, speaking out in an attempt to change unsafe working conditions. Drawing on social exchange and social impact theories, we hypothesized and tested a mediated model predicting employee safety voice using

Sean Tucker; Nik Chmiel; Nick Turner; M. Sandy Hershcovis; Chris B. Stride

2008-01-01

454

INTEGRATED SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM SAFETY CULTURE IMPROVEMENT INITIATIVE  

SciTech Connect

In 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) identified safety culture as one of their top Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) related priorities. A team was formed to address this issue. The team identified a consensus set of safety culture principles, along with implementation practices that could be used by DOE, NNSA, and their contractors. Documented improvement tools were identified and communicated to contractors participating in a year long pilot project. After a year, lessons learned will be collected and a path forward determined. The goal of this effort was to achieve improved safety and mission performance through ISMS continuous improvement. The focus of ISMS improvement was safety culture improvement building on operating experience from similar industries such as the domestic and international commercial nuclear and chemical industry.

MCDONALD JA JR

2009-01-16

455

Ground Safety Issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the history of humankind, every space adventure, great or small, has begun on the ground. While this seems to be stating the obvious, mission and flight hardware designers who have overlooked this fact have paid a high price, either in loss or damage to the hardware pre-launch, or in mission failure or reduction. Designers may risk not only their flight hardware, but they may also risk their lives, their co-workers lives and even the general public by not heeding safety on the ground. Their eyes may be on the stars but their feet are on the ground! This discussion applies to all forms of flight hardware from the largest rockets to the smallest spare parts.

Kirkpatrick, Paul D.

2007-01-01

456

HTGR safety research program  

SciTech Connect

An HTGR safety research program is being performed supporting and guided in priorities by the AIPA Probabilistic Risk Study. Analytical and experimental studies have been conducted in four general areas where modeling or data assumptions contribute to large uncertainties in the consequence assessments and thus, in the risk assessment for key core heat-up accident scenarios. Experimental data have been obtained on time-dependent release of fission products from the fuel particles, and plateout characteristics of condensible fission products in the primary circuit. Potential failure modes of primarily top head PCRV components as well as concrete degradation processes have been analyzed using a series of newly developed models and interlinked computer programs. Containment phenomena, including fission product deposition and potential flammability of liberated combustible gases have been studied analytically.

Barsell, A.W.; Olsen, B.E.; Silady, F.A.

1980-08-01

457

Nuclear reactor safety device  

DOEpatents

A safety device is described for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of a thermal excursion. It comprises a laminated strip helically configured to form a tube, said tube being in operative relation to said control rod. The laminated strip is formed of at least two materials having different thermal coefficients of expansion, and is helically configured such that the material forming the outer lamina of the tube has a greater thermal coefficient of expansion than the material forming the inner lamina of said tube. In the event of a thermal excursion the laminated strip will tend to curl inwardly so that said tube will increase in length, whereby as said tube increases in length it exerts a force on said control rod to axially reposition said control rod with respect to said core.

Hutter, E.

1983-08-15

458

Ultrasonic imaging: safety considerations  

PubMed Central

Modern ultrasound imaging for diagnostic purposes has a wide range of applications. It is used in obstetrics to monitor the progress of pregnancy, in oncology to visualize tumours and their response to treatment, and, in cardiology, contrast-enhanced studies are used to investigate heart function and physiology. An increasing use of diagnostic ultrasound is to provide the first photograph for baby's album—in the form of a souvenir or keepsake scan that might be taken as part of a routine investigation, or during a visit to an independent high-street ‘boutique’. It is therefore important to ensure that any benefit accrued from these applications outweighs any accompanying risk, and to evaluate the existing ultrasound bio-effect and epidemiology literature with this in mind. This review considers the existing laboratory and epidemiological evidence about the safety of diagnostic ultrasound and puts it in the context of current clinical usage.

ter Haar, Gail

2011-01-01

459

RF Generators & RF Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a description for a learning module from Maricopa Advanced Technology Education Center. This PDF describes the module; access may be purchased by visiting the MATEC website. This module provides high level understanding of the RF generator, subsystem components, and some of the complex concepts involved in plasma technology. Some of the practice activities are designed in a game format that boosts learners' motivation to commit the purpose and function of key system components to memory. Interactive presentations demonstrate concepts such as maximum transfer of power, forward and reflected power, and impedance matching. Learners acquire knowledge, practice solving problems, and are assessed in their ability to understand and deal with safety issues associated with RF systems.

2010-07-07

460

Real time patient safety audits: improving safety every day  

PubMed Central

Background: Timely error detection including feedback to clinical staff is a prerequisite for focused improvement in patient safety. Real time auditing, the efficacy of which has been repeatedly demonstrated in industry, has not been used previously to evaluate patient safety. Methods successful at improving quality and safety in industry may provide avenues for improvement in patient safety. Objective: Pilot study to determine the feasibility and utility of real time safety auditing during routine clinical work in an intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: A 36 item patient safety checklist was developed via a modified Delphi technique. The checklist focused on errors associated with delays in care, equipment failure, diagnostic studies, information transfer and non-compliance with hospital policy. Safety audits were performed using the checklist during and after morning work rounds thrice weekly during the 5 week study period from January to March 2003. Results: A total of 338 errors were detected; 27 (75%) of the 36 items on the checklist detected ?1 error. Diverse error types were found including unlabeled medication at the bedside (n = 31), ID band missing or in an inappropriate location (n = 70), inappropriate pulse oximeter alarm setting (n = 22), and delay in communication/information transfer that led to a delay in appropriate care (n = 4). Conclusions: Real time safety audits performed during routine work can detect a broad range of errors. Significant safety problems were detected promptly, leading to rapid changes in policy and practice. Staff acceptance was facilitated by fostering a blame free "culture of patient safety" involving clinical personnel in detection of remediable gaps in performance, and limiting the burden of data collection.

Ursprung, R; Gray, J; Edwards, W; Horbar, J; Nickerson, J; Plsek, P; Shiono, P; Suresh, G; Goldmann, D

2005-01-01

461

Submersible pump safety systems  

SciTech Connect

A production system is described for a petroleum well comprising: well packer means; vent passageway means through the packer means; vent valve means responsive to control fluid pressure and controlling flow through the vent passageway means; tubing means extending through the packer means; a safety valve in the tubing comprising, tubular body means, flowway means through the body means, tubular valve actuator means slidably telescoped in the body means and providing a part of the flowway means, piston means carried by the actuator means and having a sliding seal with the body means and responsive to control fluid pressure for moving the actuator means in a downward direction, resilient means urging the actuator means in an upward direction, main valve seat means surrounding the passageway means and positioned below the lower end of the actuator means when the resilient means is extended, flapper valve means in the path of the actuator means and engageable with the main valve seat means to control flow through the passageway means, port means in the body means below the main valve seat means providing a flowpath between the flowway means and the exterior of the body means when the flapper valve means is in engagement with the main valve seat means, actuator seat means below the port means engaged by the actuator means when the actuator means is in its full valve open position responsive to control fluid pressure, and seal means carried by one of the actuator seat means and the actuator means for sealing therebetween when the actuator means engages the actuator seat means to prevent flow through the port means; and pump means in the tubing below the safety valve.

Renfroe, J.B. Jr.; Dickson, R.L.; Rion, R.D.

1986-12-30

462

Safety Aspects of Decontamination as a Precursor to Decommissioning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The single most important factor in decontamination safety is management commitment. Specific safety concerns are divided into five categories: industrial safety, radiation safety, industrial hygiene, fire safety, and life safety. (ERA citation 08:005790)

L. F. Munson G. A. Halseth J. R. Divine

1982-01-01

463

Consideration of Aging in Probabilistic Safety Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Probabilistic safety assessment is a standardised tool for assessment of safety of nuclear power plants. It is a complement to the safety analyses. Standard probabilistic models of safety equipment assume component failure rate as a constant. Ageing of systems, structures and components can theoretically be included in new age-dependent probabilistic safety assessment, which generally causes the failure rate to be

Banjac Titina

464

Measuring safety climate on offshore installations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The human and organizational factors affecting safety were examined on 10 offshore installations using the Offshore Safety Questionnaire. The questionnaire contained scales measuring work pressure and work clarity, job communication, safety behaviour, risk perception, satisfaction with safety measures and safety attitudes. A total of 722 UK offshore workers (33% response rate) from a range of occupations completed and returned the

Kathryn Mearns; Rhona Flin; Rachale Gordon; Mark Fleming

1998-01-01

465

327 Building Safety Analysis Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to systematically identify and analyze the hazards associated with the stabilization and deactivation of the 327 Building. This SAR establishes the Safety Basis for the 327 Building and was prepared in accordance with HNF-3731,327 Building Safety Basis Criteria Document. Applied technology legend removed per DOE/HQ letter dated 10/29/2001.

HENDERSON, J.F.

2001-01-15

466

Fire safety objectives for buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapidly expanding interest in performance-based codes has created increased attention to the objectives of fire safety. One of the more circumspect yet cogent discourses on this subject was presented by Professor David Rasbash, retired Head of the Department of Fire Safety Engineering at the University of Edinburgh. The following is excerpted from a lecture given to The Incorporated Association of

D. J. Rasbash

1996-01-01

467

Guide for Science Laboratory Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General and specific safety procedures and recommendations for secondary school science laboratories are provided in this guide. Areas of concern include: (1) chemicals (storage, disposal, toxicity, unstable and incompatible chemicals); (2) microorganisms; (3) plants; (4) animals; (5) electricity; (6) lasers; (7) rockets; (8) eye safety and…

McDermott, John J.

468

Science & Safety: Making the Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides information on the most commonly asked science safety questions by science teachers primarily at the secondary school level. Topics include the legal responsibilities of a science teacher, a general safety checklist, proper labeling and storing of chemicals, purchasing of new chemicals and disposing of old chemicals, a…

Council of State Science Supervisors, VA.

469

Safety First in Science Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is intended to be a resource for teachers and administrators who are responsible for the safety of students, and others, in the general areas where science instructing is occurring. The handbook is designed to assist teachers of science regardless of their background in science. Particular concerns such as laboratory safety

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Science Education.

470

Guam 2012 Highway Safety Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Public Works Office of Highway Safety has set a goal to reduce traffic fatalities, road crashes and drunk driving each by 10 percent by December 2012 through increased road safety awareness, aggressive traffic law enforcement, and by cra...

2012-01-01

471

Pennsylvania Industrial Arts Safety Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Safety education information is provided in this guide designed for Pennsylvania industrial arts teachers. Twelve sections and section topics include the following: introduction (policy statement on safety); responsibility (school board and superintendent, principal and/or department head, the teacher); emergency action (primary concerns,…

Stoudt, John Y., Ed.; And Others

472

Principal Perceptions of School Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined Oregon principals' perceptions of risk and protective factors affecting school safety, noting safety concerns and intervention programs and comparing 2000 and 1995 results. Protective factors were rated higher than risk factors in both years. Bullying and harassment, poverty, and transience were top-rated risk factors in 2000. Schools…

Sprague, Jeffrey; Smith, Stephen; Stieber, Steven

2002-01-01

473

NASA aviation safety reporting system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The human factors frequency considered a cause of or contributor to hazardous events onboard air carriers are examined with emphasis on distractions. Safety reports that have been analyzed, processed, and entered into the aviation safety reporting system data base are discussed. A sampling of alert bulletins and responses to them is also presented.

1979-01-01

474

OSHA and Experimental Safety Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that a governmental agency, most likely Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) be considered in the safety design stage of any experiment. Focusing on OSHA's role, discusses such topics as occupational health hazards of toxic chemicals in laboratories, occupational exposure to benzene, and role/regulations of other agencies.…

Sichak, Stephen, Jr.

1983-01-01

475

Porous asphalt and traffic safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behaviour of porous asphalt is different from that of dense asphalt concrete. The open structure of porous asphalt reduces traffic noise, drains water from the road surface and reduces the thermal conductivity. These differences can have an effect on road safety. This article presents a literature review on porous asphalt and safety and furthermore summarises the preliminary results from

A Poul Greibe; Atkins Denmark

476

Strong-back safety latch.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The calculation decides the integrity of the safety latch that will hold the strong-back to the pump during lifting. The safety latch will be welded to the strong-back and will latch to a 1.5-in. dia cantilever rod welded to the pump baseplate. The static...

G. N. DeSantis

1995-01-01

477

Critical Areas in Sports Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four articles examine important aspects of sport safety. Topics include: (1) risks of eye injuries in racquet sports and preventive measures; (2) ways to reduce gymnastics injuries; (3) safety in training areas; and (4) risk-management strategies to avoid legal liability. Guidelines for teachers are given. (PP)

Morehouse, C. A., Ed.; And Others

1983-01-01

478

Software qualification in safety applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developers of safety-critical instrumentation and control systems must qualify the design of the components used, including the software in the embedded computer systems, in order to ensure that the component can be trusted to perform its safety function under the full range of operating conditions. There are well known ways to qualify analog systems using the facts that: (1)

J. D. Lawrence

2000-01-01

479

An Education in Electrical Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses teaching electrical safety guidelines in the process of teaching the concepts related to electricity. Discusses household current; electrical insulation; and examples of electrical safety in the home related to appliances, the bathroom, the yard and the neighborhood. (10 references) (MDH)

McBride, John W.; Chiappetta, Eugene L.

1992-01-01

480

Asymptotic Safety, Fractals, and Cosmology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

These lecture notes introduce the basic ideas of the asymptotic safety approach to quantum Einstein gravity (QEG). In particular they provide the background for recent work on the possibly multi-fractal structure of the QEG space-times. Implications of asymptotic safety for the cosmology of the early Universe are also discussed.

Reuter, Martin; Saueressig, Frank

481

Patient Safety in Clinical Trials  

Cancer.gov

Information for patients, their families and friends, and the general public about how the rights and safety of people who take part in clinical trials are protected. Learn about informed consent, institutional review boards (IRB's), and how trials are closely monitored for safety.

482

Safety and effectiveness of vasectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To recommend further research on vasectomy based on a systematic review of the effectiveness and safety of vasectomy. Design: A systematic MEDLINE review of the literature on the safety and effectiveness of vasectomy between 1964 and 1998. Main Outcome Measure(s): Early failure rates are ,1%; however, effectiveness and complications vary with experience of surgeons and surgical technique. Early complications,

Pamela J. Schwingl; Harry A. Guess

2000-01-01

483

System safety engineering analysis handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic requirements and guidelines for the preparation of System Safety Engineering Analysis are presented. The philosophy of System Safety and the various analytic methods available to the engineering profession are discussed. A text-book description of each of the methods is included.

Ijams, T. E.

1972-01-01

484

Pickering seismic safety margin. Methodology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was conducted to recommend a methodology for the seismic safety margin review of existing Canadian CANDU nuclear generating stations such as Pickering A. The purpose of the seismic safety margin review is to determine whether the nuclear plant has...

A. Ghobarah A. C. Heidebrecht W. K. Tso

1992-01-01

485

The Food Safety Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive food safety strategy involves establishing risk management goals, food safety objectives and, for production systems, performance objectives and performance criteria. The working instructions for each step of the process should be validated for their effect before integration within a specific HACCP plan. The importance of realistic inactivation models to predict the hygienic equivalence of food processing operations is

M. L. Stecchini; M. Del Torre

2005-01-01

486

Food Safety: Revising the Statute  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is increasing recognition that federal food safety laws and policies need to be revised. Congressional debate on proposed amendments to the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act has generated several different perspectives on how the food safety laws should be changed. Before a consensus can be reached, scientists, regulators, the food industry, and consumers will have to review such complex

David A. Kessler

1984-01-01

487

Laser Safety in the Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deals with the subject of laser hazards, laser hazards control, and laser safety practices in the laboratory. Describes four categories of hazards: radiative, electrical, explosive, and toxic, and explains the status of federal regulations that seek to define lazer hazards and control safety standards. (Author/GS)

Weichel, H.; And Others

1974-01-01

488

Risk assessment and laser safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic tenets of risk assessment have always been applied in laser safety during the development of safety standards. For example, statistical methods were used in the probit analysis of the threshold of ocular injury; concepts of risk analysis were employed in the development of hazard classes, where the increased risk of exposure and potential for injury from increasing laser

D. H. Sliney

1995-01-01

489

Laser Safety in the Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the subject of laser hazards, laser hazards control, and laser safety practices in the laboratory. Laser hazards, which fall into four categories (radiative, electrical, explosive, and toxic) are described in detail. Following this, the status of federal regulations which seek to define laser hazards control and safety standards is briefly reviewed. The paper concludes with a

H. Weichel; W. A. Danne; L. S. Pedrotti

1974-01-01

490

Nuclear power: Siting and safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

By 2030, half, or even two-thirds, of all electricity may be generated by nuclear power. Major reactor accidents are still expected to be rare occurrences, but nuclear safety is largely a matter of faith. Terrorist attacks, sabotage, and human error could cause a significant accident. Reactor siting can offer an additional, design-independent margin of safety. Remote geographical sites for new

Openshaw

1986-01-01

491

Physics of nuclear reactor safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provides a concise review of the physical aspects of safety of nuclear fission reactors. It covers the developments of roughly the last decade. The introductory chapter contains an analysis of the changes in safety philosophy that are characteristic of the last decade and that have given rise to an increased importance of physical aspects because of the emphasis on passive

H. van Dam

1992-01-01

492

Scientific Basis for Safety Science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the results from a seminar about the scientific basis for safety science. The seminar was held 22-24 April, 1993. Papers presented at the seminar are included, along with comments. Scientific standards for safety science are present...

J. Vatn G. Aem

1993-01-01

493

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bibliography, assembled from computer search of NASA Aerospace Safety Data Bank, including title of report, author, abstract, source, description of figures, key references, and key words or subject terms. Publication is indexed by key subjects and by authors. Items are relevant to design engineers and safety specialists.

Ordin, P. M.

1977-01-01

494

Safety Education Handbook. Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third of three volumes of a safety guide developed to assist Kansas administrators and teachers in organizing, evaluating, and maintaining safety programs. It provides information to help them identify, assess, and correct unsafe conditions relating to equipment and facilities and ensure a safe and healthy environment for themselves…

Kansas State Dept. of Education, Topeka.

495

In the Spotlight: School Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Focused on school safety, the site above provides a host of information from the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS). As with previous In the Spotlight offerings from NCJRS (see the August 17, 2001 Scout Report), the front page of the School Safety site acts as a portal to statistical information, legislation, relevant publications, funding opportunities, other related Websites, and more.

2001-01-01

496

Aviation safety: a quality perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety is no accident.” It is not a coincidence that this slogan appears often in FAA literature, correspondence and advisory circulars. It is a frequent reminder to all of us that reliability and safety in aviation is a team effort and that all individuals are responsible for doing their part towards the maintenance of a safe flying environment. Presents aviation

Avinash Waikar; Phillip Nichols

1997-01-01

497

75 FR 56549 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Safety and Occupational Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Safety...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2010-09-16

498

78 FR 59036 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From Cogent Patient Safety Organization, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations...Relinquishment From Cogent Patient Safety Organization...Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ...SUMMARY: The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement...and safety of health care delivery. The...

2013-09-25

499

76 FR 22033 - Safety Zone; Red River Safety Zone, Red River, MN  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...USCG-2011-0263] RIN 1625-AAOO Safety Zone; Red River Safety Zone, Red River, MN AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary...MN is establishing a temporary safety zone on the Red River, MN. This safety zone is being...

2011-04-20

500

Health, Safety, and Environment Division  

SciTech Connect

The primary responsibility of the Health, Safety, and Environmental (HSE) Division at the Los Alamos National Laboratory is to provide comprehensive occupational health and safety programs, waste processing, and environmental protection. These activities are designed to protect the worker, the public, and the environment. Meeting these responsibilities requires expertise in many disciplines, including radiation protection, industrial hygiene, safety, occupational medicine, environmental science and engineering, analytical chemistry, epidemiology, and waste management. New and challenging health, safety, and environmental problems occasionally arise from the diverse research and development work of the Laboratory, and research programs in HSE Division often stem from these applied needs. These programs continue but are also extended, as needed, to study specific problems for the Department of Energy. The results of these programs help develop better practices in occupational health and safety, radiation protection, and environmental science.

Wade, C [comp.] [comp.

1992-01-01