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1

Attributed programmed graph grammars and their application to schematic diagram interpretation.  

PubMed

Attributed programmed graph grammars are introduced in this paper and their application to the interpretation of schematic diagrams is proposed. In contrast with most of the approaches to syntactic pattern recognition, where the grammar controls a parser, the grammar in our system is used as a generative tool. Two classes of diagrams are studied, namely circuit diagrams and flowcharts. The task is in either case to extract a description from an input diagram. PMID:22499631

Bunke, H

1982-06-01

2

Predicting Allostery Wiring Diagrams within Motor Proteins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motor proteins are intricate molecular machines that make use of allostery as a basis of their function. Fundamental questions in trying to understand the operational mechanism of the motors is, therefore, how allostery communicated is within the proteins, what are the pathways that transmit allosteric signals, how to model and predict them. We have proposed a normal-mode analysis based perturbation model that predicts the pathways based on the structure and chemical composition of the molecules. We use the model to investigate allosteric pathways (allostery wiring diagrams) within motor proteins myosin V and VI.

Tehver, Riina

2013-03-01

3

Figure 1. Schematic diagram of a carbon nanotube transistor: (a) cross section view; (b) top view [3].  

E-print Network

(a) (b) Figure 1. Schematic diagram of a carbon nanotube transistor: (a) cross section view; (b transistor, the Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistor (CNTFET) avoids most of the fundamental limitations to the CMOS 6T SRAM design. Keywords-Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistor; SRAM design; high performance

Ayers, Joseph

4

NUCPLOT: a program to generate schematic diagrams of protein-nucleic acid interactions.  

PubMed Central

Proteins that bind to DNA are found in all areas of genetic activity within the cell. To help understand how these proteins perform their various functions, it is useful to analyse which residues are involved in binding to the DNA and how they interact with the bases and sugar-phosphate backbone of nucleic acids. Here we describe a program called NUCPLOT which can automatically identify these interactions from the 3D atomic coordinates of the complex from a PDB file and generate a plot that shows all the interactions in a schematic manner. The program produces a PostScript output file representing hydrogen, van der Waals and covalent bonds between the protein and the DNA. The resulting diagram is both clear and simple and allows immediate identification of important interactions within the structure. It also facilitates comparison of binding found in different structures. NUCPLOT is a completely automatic program, which can be used for any protein-DNA complex and will also work for certain protein-RNA structures. PMID:9396800

Luscombe, N M; Laskowski, R A; Thornton, J M

1997-01-01

5

Forest Research Schematic diagram of the life cycle of Agrilus biguttatus on native oak trees in Britain -from egg to adult  

E-print Network

Forest Research Schematic diagram of the life cycle of Agrilus biguttatus on native oak trees through 5 instar phases before pupation. Acute oak decline (AOD) is a condition of mature native oak in Britain that appears to be increasing. Affected trees are identified by symptoms of profuse stem bleeding

6

Solar Schematic  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The home shown at right is specially designed to accommodate solar heating units; it has roof planes in four directions, allowing placement of solar collectors for best exposure to the sun. Plans (bottom) and complete working blueprints for the solar-heated house are being marketed by Home Building Plan Service, Portland, Oregon. The company also offers an inexpensive schematic (center) showing how a homeowner only moderately skilled in the use of tools can build his own solar energy system, applicable to new or existing structures. The schematic is based upon the design of a low-cost solar home heating system built and tested by NASA's Langley Research Center; used to supplement a warm-air heating system, it can save the homeowner about 40 percent of his annual heating bill for a modest investment in materials and components. Home Building Plan Service saved considerable research time by obtaining a NASA technical report which details the Langley work. The resulting schematic includes construction plans and simplified explanations of solar heat collection, collectors and other components, passive heat factors, domestic hot water supply and how to work with local heating engineers.

1979-01-01

7

Downloaded 07 Dec 2001 to 128.114.55.114. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/aplo/aplcr.jsp FIG. 1. Schematic diagram for the four-level model.  

E-print Network

http://ojps.aip.org/aplo/aplcr.jsp #12;FIG. 1. Schematic diagram for the four-level model. ture and k.114.55.114. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/aplo/aplcr.jsp #12;Downloaded 07 Dec 2001 to 128.114.55.114. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright, see http://ojps.aip.org/aplo/aplcr.jsp

8

MIDAS, prototype Multivariate Interactive Digital Analysis System, phase 1. Volume 3: Wiring diagrams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Midas System is a third-generation, fast, multispectral recognition system able to keep pace with the large quantity and high rates of data acquisition from present and projected sensors. A principal objective of the MIDAS Program is to provide a system well interfaced with the human operator and thus to obtain large overall reductions in turn-around time and significant gains in throughput. The hardware and software generated in Phase I of the overall program are described. The system contains a mini-computer to control the various high-speed processing elements in the data path and a classifier which implements an all-digital prototype multivariate-Gaussian maximum likelihood decision algorithm operating at 2 x 100,000 pixels/sec. Sufficient hardware was developed to perform signature extraction from computer-compatible tapes, compute classifier coefficients, control the classifier operation, and diagnose operation. The MIDAS construction and wiring diagrams are given.

Kriegler, F. J.; Christenson, D.; Gordon, M.; Kistler, R.; Lampert, S.; Marshall, R.; Mclaughlin, R.

1974-01-01

9

Actuator Response of Improved Two-Way Memory TiNi Wires Evaluated by Weight Fraction Diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper experimentally studies the improvement in the actuator response of TiNi shape memory wires brought about by thermal treatments. Heat-treated TiNi wires were thermally cycled at zero stress before being trained by constant stress to develop the two-way shape memory effect. Subsequently, the work output of these two-way memory TiNi shape memory alloys are measured during repeated thermomechanical cycling under various levels of constant stress. Changes in the phase transformation behavior in two-way memory and thermomechanically cycled TiNi shape memory alloy wires are quantified by x-ray diffraction as a function of temperature. The weight fraction diagrams of TiNi wires thermally cycled at zero stress before they were trained suggests that during constant stress training they develop a lower quantity of R-phase than samples that have not been thermally cycled at zero stress before being trained. This gives thermally cycled TiNi samples higher levels of transformation strain and work output during thermomechanical cycling than samples that have not been thermally cycled before training. These results suggest that for the best material performance—that is, significant transformation strain and, consequently, substantial work output—the TiNi wire should be thermally cycled at zero stress before training.

Urbina, C.; De la Flor, S.; Gispert-Guirado, F.; Ferrando, F.

2014-05-01

10

Qualitative modifications and new dynamic phases in the phase diagram of one-dimensional superconducting wires driven with electric currents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After an initial transient period, the conduction regime in a one-dimensional superconducting wire that carries a fixed current is either normal, periodic, or stationary. The phase diagram for these possibilities was studied in Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 167003 (2007), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.167003 for particular values of the length and the material parameters. We have extended this study to arbitrary length and to a range of material parameters that includes realistic values. Variation of the length leads to scaling laws for the phase diagram. Variation of the material parameters leads to new qualitative features and new phases, including a parameter region in which all three regimes are possible.

Kallush, Shimshon; Berger, Jorge

2014-06-01

11

Schematics illustrate complex North Sea production facilities  

SciTech Connect

For this special report, the Journal has constructed two-dimensional schematic diagrams to aid in understanding the complex offshore oil and gas production infrastructure of the central North Sea. The diagrams cover the region between the Hod field, near Ekofisk, in the south and the Magnus field in the north. This region has been divided into seven areas as shown on the pipeline map. Over the last few years, a large number of small satellite fields have been tied into existing production facilities. These additions create a very complex production network. Although this networking lowers development costs, often the development of discoveries is delayed until production through existing facilities falls sufficient to handle the additional production streams. More than fifty discoveries are thought to have potential of being phased into the production network by the year 2000. The paper first describes new pipelines for oil and condensates and for gas and natural gas liquids, then describes the facilities for the seven areas.

Moritis, G.

1993-10-04

12

Resistance in a Wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learn about the physics of resistance in a wire. Change its resistivity, length, and area to see how they affect the wire's resistance. The sizes of the symbols in the equation change along with the diagram of a wire.

Simulations, Phet I.; Dubson, Michael; Adams, Wendy; Gratny, Mindy

2004-06-01

13

A Phase Diagram for Morphology and Properties of Low Temperature Deposited Polycrystalline Silicon Grown by Hot-wire Chemical Vapor  

E-print Network

91125, U.S.A ABSTRACT The fabrication of low temperature polycrystalline silicon with internal surface (SNSPE). Phase diagrams for dilute silane deposition varying substrate temperature and for pure silane­100 µm is fabricated on ITO-coated glass or another low cost conductive substrate by a solid

Atwater, Harry

14

Schematic Information Processing of Heavy Metal Lyrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schematic processing of heavy metal lyrics was tested by comparing subjects in two cognitive load conditions. Subjects were either provided with the written lyrics (low cognitive load) or not (high cognitive load) as they listened to heavy metal songs with four common themes: sex, suicide, violence, and occult. Schematic processing was evidenced by the pattern of results across three experiments:

CHRISTINE HALL HANSEN; RANALD D. HANSEN

1991-01-01

15

Cooperation between Interactive Actions and Automatic Drawing in a Schematic Editor  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate the use of automatic drawing facilities in an interactive single-line diagram editor which is the user interface\\u000a to a real-time power system simulator. As well as being used as a filter to generate ready-to-simulate schematics, the automatic\\u000a drawing algorithm can cooperate with interactive editing actions to work towards obtaining a final drawing satisfying user\\u000a constraints.

Gilles Paris

1998-01-01

16

Platform-independent method for computer aided schematic drawings  

DOEpatents

A CAD/CAM method is disclosed for a computer system to capture and interchange schematic drawing and associated design information. The schematic drawing and design information are stored in an extensible, platform-independent format.

Vell, Jeffrey L. (Slingerlands, NY); Siganporia, Darius M. (Clifton Park, NY); Levy, Arthur J. (Fort Lauderdale, FL)

2012-02-14

17

Synthesis of schematic descriptions in mechanical design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a schematic synthesis problem and one of its solution techniques. The problem domain consists of devices that can be described as networks of lumped-parameter, idealized elements in the translational-mechanical, rotational-mechanical, fluidmechanical, and electrical media. Such devices include speedometers, accelerometers, pneumatic cylinders, and pressure gauges. Design problems in this domain are specified by an input quantity, an output

Karl T. Ulrich; Warren P. Seering

1989-01-01

18

Viscoelastic Computations of Polymeric Wire-coating Flows  

E-print Network

basic types of cable or wire-coating die designs commonly employed. These are represented schematicallyViscoelastic Computations of Polymeric Wire-coating Flows H. Matallah, P. Townsend and M.F. Webster This study considers both a single and multi-mode viscoelastic analysis for wire- coating flows

Grant, P. W.

19

Schematic concepts for schematic models of the real world: The Newtonian concept of force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school and college students often carry out of traditional physics courses loose bundles of vague and undifferentiated concepts about physical objects and their properties. Within the framework of schematic modeling, a scientific concept can be defined explicitly with five schematic dimensions: domain, organization, quantification, expression, and employment. Based on the level of commensurability between scientific concepts and individual students' own concepts, students' cognitive evolution into the scientific realm can take different directions ranging from reinforcing existing concepts to constructing novel ones on completely new foundations. Such evolution is promoted in a student-centered, model-based instruction. The newtonian concept of force is discussed for illustration, along with the results of tutoring two groups of Lebanese students to develop this concept in a schematic modeling approach.

Halloun, Ibrahim

2005-11-23

20

Determining the Sign of the Index in Metamaterials Composed of Split Ring Resonators and Strip Wires Using Dispersion Diagrams or the Insertion Phase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using full wave simulations the behavior of two structures composed of split ring resonators (SRRs) and strip wires (SWs) is examined. In the region where the real parts of the permittivity and permeability are both expected to be negative both structures exhibit a transmission peak, a property which is generally assumed to imply a negative index of refraction. However, through

J. F. Woodley; M. S. Wheeler; M. Mojahedi

21

ISS EPS Orbital Replacement Unit Block Diagrams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The attached documents are being provided to Switching Power Magazine for information purposes. This magazine is writing a feature article on the International Space Station Electrical Power System, focusing on the switching power processors. These units include the DC-DC Converter Unit (DDCU), the Bi-directional Charge/Discharge Unit (BCDU), and the Sequential Shunt Unit (SSU). These diagrams are high-level schematics/block diagrams depicting the overall functionality of each unit.

Schmitz, Gregory V.

2001-01-01

22

Browsing schematics: Query-filtered graphs with context nodes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The early results of a research project to create tools for building interfaces to intelligent systems on the NASA Space Station are reported. One such tool is the Schematic Browser which helps users engaged in engineering problem solving find and select schematics from among a large set. Users query for schematics with certain components, and the Schematic Browser presents a graph whose nodes represent the schematics with those components. The query greatly reduces the number of choices presented to the user, filtering the graph to a manageable size. Users can reformulate and refine the query serially until they locate the schematics of interest. To help users maintain orientation as they navigate a large body of data, the graph also includes nodes that are not matches but provide global and local context for the matching nodes. Context nodes include landmarks, ancestors, siblings, children and previous matches.

Ciccarelli, Eugene C.; Nardi, Bonnie A.

1988-01-01

23

Development and Application of a Rubric for Analysis of Novice Students' Laboratory Flow Diagrams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop and apply a scheme for the analysis of flow diagrams. The flow diagrams in question are a schematic representation of written instructions that require students to process the text of their practical manual. It was hoped that an analysis of the flow diagrams would provide insight into students'…

Davidowitz, Bette; Rollnick, Marissa; Fakudze, Cynthia

2005-01-01

24

The Effect of Conceptual Diagrams on Aviation Mechanics' Technical Systems Understanding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A quasi-experimental study explored the effect of functional flow diagrams on technical system understanding. An individualized field training package which contained schematic diagrams that illustrated an aircraft's electrical system was complimented with functional flow diagrams. In a 4-week treatment, a control group of 10 students enrolled in…

Satchwell, Richard E.; Johnson, Scott D.

25

Velocity diagrams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The selection and design of velocity diagrams for axial flow turbines are considered. Application is treated in two parts which includes: (1) mean-section diagrams, and (2) radial variation of diagrams. In the first part, the velocity diagrams occurring at the mean section are assumed to represent the average conditions encountered by the turbine. The different types of diagrams, their relation to stage efficiency, and their selection when staging is required are discussed. In the second part, it is shown that in certain cases the mean-section diagrams may or may not represent the average flow conditions for the entire blade span. In the case of relatively low hub- to tip-radius ratios, substantial variations in the velocity diagrams are encountered. The radial variations in flow conditions and their effect on the velocity diagrams are considered.

Whitney, W. J.; Stewart, W. L.

1972-01-01

26

Dilepton production in schematic causal viscous hydrodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Assuming that in the hot dense matter produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, the energy density, entropy density, and pressure as well as the azimuthal and space-time rapidity components of the shear tensor are uniform in the direction transversal to the reaction plane, we derive a set of schematic equations from the Isreal-Stewart causal viscous hydrodynamics. These equations are then used to describe the evolution dynamics of relativistic heavy-ion collisions by taking the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of 1/4? for the initial quark-gluon plasma (QGP) phase and of 10 times this value for the later hadron-gas (HG) phase. Using the production rate evaluated with particle distributions that take into account the viscous effect, we study dilepton production in central heavy-ion collisions. Compared with results from the ideal hydrodynamics, we find that although the dilepton invariant mass spectra from the two approaches are similar, the transverse momentum spectra are significantly enhanced at high transverse momenta by the viscous effect. We also study the transverse momentum dependence of dileptons produced from QGP for a fixed transverse mass, which is essentially absent in the ideal hydrodynamics, and find that this so-called transverse mass scaling is violated in the viscous hydrodynamics, particularly at high transverse momenta.

Song, Taesoo; Han, Kyong Chol; Ko, Che Ming

2011-02-01

27

Phase Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This problem set challenges students to interpret a simplified temperature-composition phase diagram for the system enstatite (Mg2Si2O6) - diopside (CaMgSi2O6), which are common constituents of peridotites, gabbros, and basalts. Students are provided with the phase diagram and asked to answer 13 questions about it.

28

Application note : using open source schematic capture tools with Xyce.  

SciTech Connect

The development of the XyceTM Parallel Electronic Simulator has focused entirely on the creation of a fast, scalable simulation tool, and has not included any schematic capture or data visualization tools. This application note will describe how to use the open source schematic capture tool gschem and its associated netlist creation tool gnetlist to create basic circuit designs for Xyce, and how to access advanced features of Xyce that are not directly supported by either gschem or gnetlist.

Russo, Thomas V.

2013-08-01

29

Bering Strait Moorings to be deployed in 2008 Schematic of Bering Strait region  

E-print Network

Bering Strait Moorings to be deployed in 2008 Schematic of Bering Strait region showing topography locations Detail of Bering Strait Region, schematically marking: - major currents (SCC = Siberian Coastal

30

Energy Diagram for the Catalytic Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing a schematic energy diagram for the decomposition of H[subscript 2]O[subscript 2] catalyzed by MnO[subscript 2] through a simple thermometric measurement outlined in this study is intended to integrate students' understanding of thermochemistry and kinetics of chemical reactions. The reaction enthalpy, delta[subscript r]H, is…

Tatsuoka, Tomoyuki; Koga, Nobuyoshi

2013-01-01

31

CDRP - TeleSynergy(R) - Wiring Diagrams  

Cancer.gov

Home About CDRP Background The Challenge Ahead Health Disparities Cooperative Planning Grant Objective and Scope U56 Award Mechanism Target Populations Funded Institutions Funded Institutions Programs' Presentations CDRP Symposium Presentations Clinical

32

NUCPLOT: a program to generate schematic diagrams of protein-nucleic acid interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proteins that bind to DNA are found in all areas of genetic activity within the cell. To help understand how these proteins perform their various functions, it is useful to analyse which residues are involved in binding to the DNA and how they interact with the bases and sugar-phosphate backbone of nucleic acids. Here we describe a program called NUCPLOT

Nicholas M. Luscombe; Roman A. Laskowski; Janet M. Thornton

1997-01-01

33

Schematic Diagram of Experimental Setup in Optical Diagnostics H-J Park (Nov 8, 2006)  

E-print Network

12 bits Accuracy ±2% excluding offset Clock frequency Max 80 MHz , Min 1 Hz Conversion rates 80 MHz Trigger slope Rising or Falling Connector BNC External clock Clock frequency Min DC, Max 80 MHz Voltage 0 (continuously variable) 0 ... ± 2 A Settling accuracy ± 2 mA Resolution 0.1 mA Compliance voltage > 4V Noise

McDonald, Kirk

34

Figure. A schematic diagram of an aerosol flame reactor for making TiO2 nanostructures.  

E-print Network

at EECE) is funded by several government agencies, such as NSF (NIRT, NER, Education), DOE, NASA, EPA, it is possible to fabricate two types of films with controlled morphology and thickness. This system is also the toxicity of TiO2, in an effort to establish fundamental metrics based on property-biological effect

Subramanian, Venkat

35

Phase diagrams and crystal growth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Phase diagrams are briefly treated as generalized property-composition relationships, with respect to crystal technology optimization. The treatment is based on mutual interaction of three systems related to semiconductors: (a) the semiconducting material systems, (b0 the data bank, (c) the system of crystallization methods. A model is proposed enabling optimatization on the path from application requirements to the desired material. Further, several examples of the selection as to the composition of LED and laser diode material are given. Some of molten-solution-zone methods are being successfully introduced for this purpose. Common features of these methods, the application of phase diagrams, and their pecularities compared with other crystallization methods are illustrated by schematic diagrams and by examples. LPE methods, particularly the steady-state LPE methods such as Woodall's ISM and Nishizawa's TDM-CVP, and the CAM-S (Crystallization Method Providing Composition Autocontrol in Situ) have been chosen as examples. Another approach of exploiting phase diagrams for optimal material selection and for determination of growth condition before experimentation through a simple calculation is presented on InP-GaP solid solutions. Ternary phase diagrams are visualized in space through calculation and constructions based on the corresponding thermodynamic models and anaglyphs. These make it easy to observe and qualitatively analyze the crystallization of every composition. Phase diagrams can be also used as a powerful tool for the deduction of new crystallization methods. Eutectic crystallization is an example of such an approach where a modified molten-solution-zone method can give a sandwich structure with an abrupt concentration change. The concentration of a component can range from 0 to 100% in the different solid phases.

Venkrbec, Jan

1980-04-01

36

Basic Wiring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the first in a series of three wiring publications; it serves as the foundation for students enrolled in a wiring program. It is a prerequisite to either "Residential Wiring" or "Commercial and Industrial Wiring." The module contains 16 instructional units that cover the following topics: occupational introduction; general safety;…

Kaltwasser, Stan; And Others

37

Venn diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These online resources offer varied opportunities to work with Venn diagrams, one of many tools used in logic and reasoning. Their use is especially helpful in learning foundational notions of definition and set theory. One of the five Process Standards promoted by NCTM, Reasoning and Proof requires middle school students to sharpen such skills as they learn to develop mathematical argument.

National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Middle School Portal Staff

2008-03-10

38

Figure 1. Typical Slow Sand Filter Schematic Supernatant Water  

E-print Network

, and reliable and is still the chosen method of purifying water supplies for some of the major citiesFigure 1. Typical Slow Sand Filter Schematic Headspace Supernatant Water Schmutzdecke Raw water Vent Control valve Treated Water Effluent flow control structure Overflow Assessing Temperature

39

The Schematic Structure of Computer Science Research Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a linguistic description of the schematic organisation of research articles in the field of computer science. Forty articles from three different academic journals in computing research have been analysed; the results indicate that the IMRD (introduction-methods-results-discussion) pattern cannot be applied to research articles in computer science systematically. Introductory and concluding sections, however, are used in more instances.

Santiago Posteguillo

1999-01-01

40

Asteroseismology with the WIRE satellite  

E-print Network

I give a summary of results from the WIRE satellite, which has been used to observe bright stars from 1999-2000 and 2003-2006. The WIRE targets are monitored for up to five weeks with a duty cycle of 30-40%. The aim has been to characterize the flux variation of stars across the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. I present an overview of the results for solar-like stars, delta Scuti stars, giant stars, and eclipsing binaries.

H. Bruntt

2007-02-01

41

Knowledge-Based Schematics Drafting: Aesthetic Configuration as a Design Task  

E-print Network

Depicting an electrical circuit by a schematic is a tedious task that is a good candidate for automation. Programs that draft schematics with the usual algorithmic approach do not fully exploit knowledge of circuit function, ...

Valdes-Perez, Raul E.

42

A detailed paraxial schematic eye for the White Leghorn chick  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the normal ocular development of the chick (Gallus gallus domesticus, White Leghorn) up to 15 days of age using both longitudinal and cross-sectional methods. The change in refractive error,\\u000a corneal curvature and axial ocular distances were used to construct schematic eyes. Equations are presented which allow prediction\\u000a of refractive error changes associated with changes in vitreous chamber depth. The

Natalia V. Avila; Sally A. McFadden

2010-01-01

43

Consciousness in the Marxian Conception of History: A Critical Schematization  

E-print Network

Consciousness in the Marxian Conception of History: A Critical Schematization Michael Sugrue Columbia University As I read on I discovered that the fellow made no use of mind, and assigned to it no causality for the order of the world... wide platter. Socrates, Phaedo 98B-99B The role of consciousness in history is a fundamen­ tal problem for contemporary Marxism, and this is largely attributable to Marx's ambiguous discussion of consciousness and its material concomitants. The per...

Sugrue, Michael

1983-03-01

44

Lighting the Way: Electrical Circuits and Lamp Wiring  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This self-paced unit for students in grades 6-9 provides an opportunity to explore basic electrical circuits and demonstrate the new knowledge by wiring a lamp, explaining the components of the lamp that are important for the flow of electricity, and completing a schematic of the lamp circuitry.

45

Implementing Tolman's Schematic Sowbug: Behavior-Based Robotics in the 1930's  

E-print Network

Implementing Tolman's Schematic Sowbug: Behavior-Based Robotics in the 1930's Yoichiro Endo Ronald, Georgia 30332-0280 U.S.A. Abstract This paper reintroduces and evaluates the schematic sowbug proposed by Edward C. Tolman, psychologist, in 1939. The schematic sowbug is based on Tolman's purposive behaviorism

46

Implementing Tolman's Schematic Sowbug: Behavior-Based Robotics in the 1930's  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reintroduces and evaluates the schematic sowbug proposed by Edward C. Tolman, psychologist, in 1939. The schematic sowbug is based on Tolman's purposive behaviorism, and it is believed to be the first prototype in history that actually implemented a behavior-based architecture suitable for robotics. The schematic sowbug navigates the environment based on two types of vectors, orientation and rogression,

Yoichiro Endo; Ronald C. Arkin

2001-01-01

47

Anatomy of three-body decay I. Schematic models  

E-print Network

Sequential three-body decay proceeds via spatially confined quasi-stationary two-body configurations. Direct three-body decay populates the three-body continuum without intermediate steps. The relative importance of these decay modes is discussed in a schematic model employing only Coulomb or centrifugal barrier potentials. Decisive dimensionless charge, mass and energy ratios are derived. Sequential decay is usually favored for charged particles. Small charge and small mass of high energy is preferably emitted first. Without Coulomb potential the sequential decay is favored except when both resonance energy and intermediate two-body energy are large.

E. Garrido; D. V. Fedorov; A. S. Jensen; H. O. U. Fynbo

2004-11-18

48

DRAWNA: a program for drawing schematic views of nucleic acids.  

PubMed

A program for drawing automatically exact and schematic views of nucleic acids is described. The program is written in C ANSI and uses the Silicon Graphics GL and Xirisw libraries within the X11/Motif environment. Through menus, the user can choose, specify, and manipulate in real time the three-dimensional views to be displayed. Drawing options include partitioning of structures into differently colored or shaped fragments, representation of backbones as flat or with conic-section ribbons, display of paired or free bases as rods, and display of surfaces as filled or outlined and stereo or depth-cued views. PMID:7529557

Massire, C; Gaspin, C; Westhof, E

1994-09-01

49

Mechanical verification of a schematic Byzantine clock synchronization algorithm  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Schneider generalizes a number of protocols for Byzantine fault tolerant clock synchronization and presents a uniform proof for their correctness. The authors present a machine checked proof of this schematic protocol that revises some of the details in Schneider's original analysis. The verification was carried out with the EHDM system developed at the SRI Computer Science Laboratory. The mechanically checked proofs include the verification that the egocentric mean function used in Lamport and Melliar-Smith's Interactive Convergence Algorithm satisfies the requirements of Schneider's protocol.

Shankar, Natarajan

1991-01-01

50

Plated wire memory subsystem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, construction, and test history of a 4096 word by 18 bit random access NDRO Plated Wire Memory for use in conjunction with a spacecraft input/output and central processing unit is reported. A technical and functional description is given along with diagrams illustrating layout and systems operation. Test data is shown on the procedures and results of system level and memory stack testing, and hybrid circuit screening. A comparison of the most significant physical and performance characteristics of the memory unit versus the specified requirements is also included.

Carpenter, K. H.

1974-01-01

51

Wire chamber  

DOEpatents

A wire chamber or proportional counter device, such as Geiger-Mueller tube or drift chamber, improved with a gas mixture providing a stable drift velocity while eliminating wire aging caused by prior art gas mixtures. The new gas mixture is comprised of equal parts argon and ethane gas and having approximately 0.25% isopropyl alcohol vapor.

Atac, Muzaffer (Wheaton, IL)

1989-01-01

52

Schematic of space-borne lidar surveying neritic seabed terrain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is a kind of new technical fast developing from 1960s especially in last 30 years. This technical processes high measurement accuracy, high resolution, powerful recognition capability and anti-interference capability. Space-Borne LiDAR which had wide field of view caused the big astronautic countries more attention, and it became an important part of global 3-D terrain detection, aerosphere detection, wind velocity detection, imagination and rendezvous and docking. In this paper, water depth measurement technology with airborne LiDAR was summarized. Neritic seabed terrain detection schematic was put forward, and then the key components and the different points of the schematic were analyzed. Pertinence suggestions were described in this paper which could supply further research on space-borne LiDAR.The space-borne laser emits several beams which form laser array, and detects the ground target by one dimension scanning. The laser includes multiple-beam emission system and multiple-signal reception system, but no flexible components in order to increasing the system dependability. The multiple-beam mode can make an observably increase of detection efficiency comparing with the single-beam mode. Each single laser pulse can return several different distance signals, so the repeat frequency can be lower. The laser pulse can be reflected by the sea surface and neritic seabed, so the depth can be calculated by the two reflection signals. The space-borne LiDAR data can be used to analyze sea gravitational field, change of the sea level and tide, sea weather and thickness of ice band.

Dou, Qiang; Zhang, Shuangna; Wang, Shaobo

2013-09-01

53

Implementing Tolman's Schematic Sowbug: Behavior-Based Robotics in the 1930's  

E-print Network

This paper reintroduces and evaluates the schematic sowbug proposed by Edward C. Tolman, psychologist, in 1939. The schematic sowbug is based on Tolman's purposive behaviorism, and it is believed to be the first prototype in history that actually implemented a behavior-based architecture suitable for robotics. The schematic sowbug navigates the environment based on two types of vectors, orientation and rogression, that are computed from the values of sensors perceiving stimuli. Our experiments on both simulation and real robot proved the legitimacy of Tolman's assumptions, and the potential of applying the schematic sowbug model and principles within modern robotics is recognized.

Yoichiro Endo; Ronald C. Arkin

2001-01-01

54

Wire Wise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how today's technology is encouraging schools to invest in furnishings that are adaptable to computer use and telecommunications access. Explores issues concerning modularity, wiring management, ergonomics, durability, price, and aesthetics. (GR)

Swanquist, Barry

1998-01-01

55

Stretching Wires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners determine the elastic and plastic properties of different types of metal wires. Learners discover that wires of the same gauge, but made of different metals, typically support different loads (masses) before going through the elastic to plastic transition. Learners also learn the difference between elastic deformation, which is recoverable after the load is removed, and plastic deformation, which is not recoverable. Note: one way to save time on this lab is to have different groups test different metals.

Urbana-Champaign, University O.

2013-01-04

56

True Phase Diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the use of today's computer softwares, phase diagrams can readily be plotted with a wide choice of variables on the axes. Hillert defined a true phase diagram as a diagram where each point uniquely defines the stable phases. He also showed that not all choices of axis variables give true phase diagrams. In this note we will demonstrate that although the rules stated by Hillert are necessary they are not sufficient to have true phase diagrams.

Ågren, John; Schmid-Fetzer, Rainer

2014-10-01

57

A Comparison of Schematic Processes in Memory for a Television, Text, and Radio Story.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the nature of the schematic processes for a story presented in television, text, and radio form and for a story presented to above average and average readers. The story was parsed according to J. M. Mandler and N. S. Johnson's story grammar. Schematic processing was inferred from the pattern of node memorability for the different…

Lehrer, Ariella; Pezdek, Kathy

58

Diagrams of States in Quantum Information: an Illustrative Tutorial  

E-print Network

We present "Diagrams of States", a way to graphically represent and analyze how quantum information is elaborated during the execution of quantum circuits. This introductory tutorial illustrates the basics, providing useful examples of quantum computations: elementary operations in single-qubit, two-qubit and three-qubit systems, immersions of gates on higher dimensional spaces, generation of single and multi-qubit states, procedures to synthesize unitary, controlled and diagonal matrices. To perform the analysis of quantum processes, we directly derive diagrams of states from physical implementations of quantum circuits associated to the processes. Complete diagrams are then rearranged into simplified diagrams, to visualize the overall effects of computations. Conversely, diagrams of states help to conceive new quantum algorithms, by schematically describing desired manipulations of quantum information with intuitive diagrams and then by guessing the equivalent complete diagrams, from which the corresponding quantum circuit is obtained effortlessly. Related examples and analysis of complex algorithms will be provided in future works, for whose comprehension this first tutorial offers the necessary introduction.

Sara Felloni; Alberto Leporati; Giuliano Strini

2009-04-17

59

Recognition and processing of logic diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we present a vision system that is capable of interpreting schematic logic diagrams, i.e. determine the output as a logic function of the inputs. The system is composed of a number of modules each designed to perform a specific subtask. Each module bears a minor contribution in the form of a new mixture of known algorithms or extensions to handle actual real life image imperfections which researchers tend to ignore when they develop their theoretical foundations. The main contribution, thus, is not in any individual module, it is rather in their integration to achieve the target job. The system is organized more or less in a classical fashion. Aside from the image acquisition and preprocessing modules, interesting modules include: the segmenter, the identifier, the connector and the grapher. A good segmentation output is one reason for the success of the presented system. Several novelties exist in the presented approach. Following segmentation the type of each logic gate is determined and its topological connectivity. The logic diagram is then transformed to a directed acyclic graph in which the final node is the output logic gate. The logic function is then determined by backtracking techniques. The system is not only aimed at recognition applications. In fact its main usage may be to target other processing applications such as storage compression and graphics modification and manipulation of the diagram as is explained.

Darwish, Ahmed M.; Bashandy, Ahmed R.

1996-03-01

60

Simplified Voronoi Diagrams  

E-print Network

The Voronoi diagram has proved to be a useful tool in a variety of contexts in computational geometry. Our interest here is in using the diagram to simplify the planning of collision-free paths for a robot among ...

Canny, John

1987-04-01

61

Superconducting wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

The requirement of high critical current density has prompted extensive research on ceramic processing of high-T sub c superconductors. An overview of wire fabrication techniques and the limitations they impose on component design will be presented. The effects of processing on microstructure and critical current density will also be discussed. Particle alignment has been observed in extruded samples which is

M. T. Lanagan; R. B. Poeppel; J. P. Singh; D. I. Dossantos; J. K. Lumpp; J. T. Dusek; K. C. Goretta

1988-01-01

62

Space Station Freedom secondary power wiring requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Secondary power is produced by DDCU's (direct current to direct current converter units) and routed to and through secondary power distribution assemblies (SPDA's) to loads or tertiary distribution assemblies. This presentation outlines requirements of Space Station Freedom (SSF) EEE (electrical, electronic, and electromechanical) parts wire and the approved electrical wire and cable. The SSF PDRD (Program Definition and Requirements Document) language problems and resolution are reviewed. The cable routing to and from the SPDA's is presented as diagrams and the wire recommendations and characteristics are given.

Sawyer, C. R.

1994-01-01

63

Simplified Voronoi Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are interested in Voronoi diagrams as a tool in robot path planning, where thesearch for a path in an r dimensional space may be simplified to a search on an r - 1dimensional Voronoi diagram. We define a Voronoi diagram V based on a measure ofdistance which is not a true metric. This formulation has lower algebraic complexity thanthe

John F. Canny; Bruce Randall Donald

1988-01-01

64

AFM Diagram Quiz  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise should be used after you think students know what AFM diagrams are and how they work. This is sort of a quiz - to see if they can properly interpret the diagrams. There is no point moving on to real projects that involve AFM diagrams if the students don't understand the basics.

Perkins, Dexter

65

Developmental and individual differences in preschoolers' recognition memories: The influences of gender schematization and verbal labeling of information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-three 37-92-month-old children's gender schematization and recognition memories for gender-typed content were assessed. Verbal labeling of stimuli and age were positively associated with children's memories. Highly gender schematic children displayed better memories for gender-role consistent information and committed more gender transformation errors than less gender schematic children. Interactions between children's gender schematization, age, and labeling condition were observed. Labeling of

Gary D. Levy

1989-01-01

66

Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 31 NIST/ACerS Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database (PC database for purchase)   The Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database contains commentaries and more than 21,000 diagrams for non-organic systems, including those published in all 21 hard-copy volumes produced as part of the ACerS-NIST Phase Equilibria Diagrams Program (formerly titled Phase Diagrams for Ceramists): Volumes I through XIV (blue books); Annuals 91, 92, 93; High Tc Superconductors I & II; Zirconium & Zirconia Systems; and Electronic Ceramics I. Materials covered include oxides as well as non-oxide systems such as chalcogenides and pnictides, phosphates, salt systems, and mixed systems of these classes.

67

The efficiency of wire minnow traps in assessing populations of Fundulus heteroclitus Kevin M. Kocot1  

E-print Network

is attenuated to 10-20 cm. The unbaited traps were deployed Figure 1. Schematic diagram of half of a trap with camera mounted. The other half was similarly equipped. Figure 2. A single frame from one camera, showing is roughly proportional to number in trap ­ best fit line is (# leaving) = -2.59 + 0.151 · (# present), r2

Johnsen, Sönke

68

Flat Wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The N.Y. State Urban Development Corp., Amp Inc., and Western Electric Corp. are working with NASA to produce flat conductor electrical cable. Flat conductor electrical cable originally designed for spacecraft by the Marshall Space Flight Center, has been installed in a housing project. Because it is very thin the wire can be mounted on surfaces of walls and floors instead of inside of them. Installation costs reduced significantly due to single installation time.

1976-01-01

69

Figure 1: A schematic of SWNTs assembled in a three dimensional fashion on a micromachined platform.  

E-print Network

Figure 1: A schematic of SWNTs assembled in a three dimensional fashion on a micromachined platform interconnect material would likely face difficulties in meeting the future needs of microelectronics industry

Dokmeci, Mehmet

70

Relations among aspects of children's social environments, gender schematization, gender role knowledge, and flexibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty 33–60-month-old children's gender role knowledge, gender role flexibility, and gender schematization were assessed. Parents completed questionnaires describing aspects of their child's social environment. Results indicated that boys who reportedly interacted more with their fathers, and girls who interacted more with both parents, exhibited greater gender schematization. Children who interacted more with parents displayed less gender role flexibility. Girls with

Gary D. Levy

1989-01-01

71

Venn Diagram Shape Sorter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students practice placing big and small shapes into Venn diagrams depending on the rules of the diagram. Students can either specify these rules or have the applet assign the rules so they can try to figure them out by placing shapes in the diagram. This activity allows students to explore Venn diagrams and the terms associated with set theory. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

2010-01-01

72

Formalizing Spider Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geared to complement UML and to the specification of large software systems by non-mathematicians,spider di- agrams are a visual language that generalizes the popu- lar and intuitive Venn diagrams and Euler circles. The language design emphasized scalability and expressiveness while retaining intuitiveness. In this extended abstract we describe spider diagrams from a mathematical standpoint and show how their formal semantics

Joseph Gil; John Howse; Stuart Kent

1999-01-01

73

Lenses and Ray Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the first time that students will draw technical ray diagrams (in previous experiments, they simply sketched the rays). They need a little instruction in drawing ray diagrams before they can do it, so the activity is not purely inquiry. But it is

Horton, Michael

2009-05-30

74

Places Wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you curious to learn more about cities? You'd do well to make a beeline for the Places Wire site, which offers a cornucopia of material on urban parks, public policy, architecture, planning, and other topics. In sum total, the site is a "curated feed of news and commentary on architecture, landscape and urbanism." The site has partnered with 20 different organizations to provide new content on a daily basis. Some of the recent articles that have found their way to the site include "9 Suggestions for Changing DC's Height Limit" and "The Demise of the Public Hearing." Visitors can also use the drop-down View tab to scroll through the last few hours or days, as the content is quite dynamic. One gem that should not be missed is the archived appearance of Frank Lloyd Wright as a guest on the 1950s television program "What's My Line?"

75

Computer-aided design and fabrication of wire-wrap (trademark) type circuit boards: A new symbolism and its implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We define here an encoding symbolism that permits, with a minimum of statements, a thorough description of the numerous interconnections of complex electronic circuitry. This symbolism has been integrated at the Defence Research Establishment Valcartier in a computer-aided method that considerably eases the passage between an engineering electronic schematic and the related interconnection matrix required for Wire-Wrap (Trademark) hardware. Electronics

B. Montminy; R. Carbonneau; A. Laflamme; M. Lessard; A. Blanchard

1982-01-01

76

Servo Motor Diagramming and Wiring Lab (Instructor Guide)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab activity was completed as part of an NSF-funded externship program administered by the High Tech Workforce Initiative at Maricopa Community Colleges. Students will apply their knowledge of electrical power, servo control systems and servo motor properties to real-world scenarios. This lab is part of a servo systems course in an Industrial Operations Technology AAS program, using Amatrol curriculum and equipment. It can be done in conjunction with, or as an adaptation or replacement of, Lab Experiments 4-2 and 4-3 in the Amatrol Electro Servo Learning System materials.

Perry, Clyde

2012-12-25

77

Plucker environments, wiring and tiling diagrams, and weakly separated setsystems  

E-print Network

of Economics and Mathematics of the RAS, 47, Nakhimovskii Prospect, 117418 Moscow, Russia; emails: danilov, Prospect 60 Let Oktyabrya, 117312 Moscow, Russia; email: sasha@cs.isa.ru. 1 #12; Such a basis does exist

78

Diagram of Computer Keyboard  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a line drawing of a Windows PC keyboard complete with labels for each key. This diagram is used on tests where students are asked to circle the keys that would be used to perform various functions.

Ward, Charles

2011-01-21

79

Voronoi Diagrams and Arrangements  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a uniform and general framework for defining and dealing with Voronoi diagrams. In this framework a Voronoi diagram is a partition of a domainD induced by a finite number of real valued functions onD. Valuable insight can be gained when one considers how these real valued functions partitionD ×R. With this view it turns out that the standard

Herbert Edelsbrunner; Raimund Seidel

1986-01-01

80

Underwater electrical wire explosion  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief review of the results obtained in recent research of underwater electrical wire explosions using microsecond and nanosecond generators is presented. It was shown that the increase in the rate of energy input into the exploding wire allows one to increase the wire temperature and amplitude of shock waves (SWs). Estimated energy deposition into Cu and Al wire material

Ya E. Krasik; A. Fedotov; D. Sheftman; S. Efimov; A. Sayapin; V. Tz Gurovich; D. Veksler; G. Bazalitski; S. Gleizer; A. Grinenko; V. I. Oreshkin

2010-01-01

81

Windows: Life after Wire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although wired glass is extremely common in school buildings, the International Building Code adopted new standards that eliminate the use of traditional wired glass in K-12 schools, daycare centers, and athletic facilities. Wired glass breaks easily, and the wires can cause significant injuries by forming dangerous snags when the glass breaks.…

Razwick, Jerry

2003-01-01

82

Behavior of exploding wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. Exploding wire is performed by rapidly heating the wire to vaporization temperature with a high current pulse flowing through the wire. Exploding wires have found many applications among which are the opening switches named fuses in the circuits for inductive energy storage, the discharge loads of X-pinch or Z-pinches, namely wire array Z-pinches, and the production

Z. G. Mao; X. B. Zou; X. X. Wang; W. H. Jiang

2009-01-01

83

Stretched Wire Mechanics  

SciTech Connect

Stretched wires are beginning to play an important role in the alignment of accelerators and synchrotron light sources. Stretched wires are proposed for the alignment of the 130 meter long LCLS undulator. Wire position technology has reached sub-micron resolution yet analyses of perturbations to wire straightness are hard to find. This paper considers possible deviations of stretched wire from the simple 2-dimensional catenary form.

Bowden, Gordon; /SLAC

2005-09-06

84

2012 Changing Arctic Ocean 506E/497E -Lecture 7 -Woodgate Schematic Surface and Atlantic Circulation  

E-print Network

2012 Changing Arctic Ocean 506E/497E - Lecture 7 - Woodgate 1 Schematic Surface and Atlantic (Aagaard, 1981) #12;2012 Changing Arctic Ocean 506E/497E - Lecture 7 - Woodgate 2 Temp Fresh Salty ADD COLD instead ­ no CHL in Eurasian Basin #12;2012 Changing Arctic Ocean 506E/497E - Lecture 7 - Woodgate 3

Washington at Seattle, University of

85

Recognition of schematic facial displays of emotion in parents of children with autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance on an emotional labeling task in response to schematic facial patterns representing five basic emotions without the concurrent presentation of a verbal category was investigated in 40 parents of children with autism and 40 matched controls. ‘Autism fathers’ performed worse than ‘autism mothers’, who performed worse than controls in decoding displays representing sadness or disgust.This indicates the need to

Mark T. Palermo; Patrizio Pasqualetti; Giulia Barbati; Fabio Intelligente; Paolo Maria Rossini

2006-01-01

86

A Schematic for Focusing on Youth in Investigations of Community Design and Physical Activity  

E-print Network

A Schematic for Focusing on Youth in Investigations of Community Design and Physical Activity Kevin to address special considerations for youth in a relatively new area of physical activity research. After reviewing the urgent need for novel approaches to increasing physical activity, the growing interest

Levinson, David M.

87

IC schematic vulnerability to the temperature field distribution: Pre-layout estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The approach for pre-layout estimation of the influence of non-uniformly distributed temperature field on ICs functioning has been presented in this paper. The technique for automatic synthesis of the models of ICs schematic vulnerability to local temperatures on the basis of the theory of computer experiment design is used here. Such models reflect the dependence of the temperature drift of

I. Kazymyra; M. Blyzniuk

2004-01-01

88

Mask versus Schematic - an enhanced design-verification flow for first silicon success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Layout versus Schematic (LVS) is a commonly used technique employed at the design stage to insure the correctness of physical layout. However, as process technologies continually advance, increasingly complex boolean operations are required to produce the desired on-mask patterns, which are frequently optimized to enhance transistor performance and process margin. Design layout which has been verified by LVS may undergo

Tseng-Chin Luo; Eric Leong; Mango C.-T. Chao; Philip A. Fisher; Wen-Hsiang Chang

2010-01-01

89

Figure 1. Schematic of a dry kiln. (Dry Kiln Operator's Manual. USDA, 1991)  

E-print Network

Figure 1. Schematic of a dry kiln. (Dry Kiln Operator's Manual. USDA, 1991) through pipes Food & Agricultural Products Center FOOD TECHNOLOGY FACT SHEET 405-744-6071 · www.fapc.bizAdding Value to Oklahoma f a p c Fundamental Aspects of Kiln Drying Lumber Salim Hiziroglu FAPC Wood Products Specialist

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

90

Native American Center -UM Schematic Landscape Design Plan 4-3-08  

E-print Network

Native American Center - UM Schematic Landscape Design Plan 4-3-08 Planting Ring - group species shade. The microclimates will influence which plant species can be grown.The Planting Rings of landscape development on the east portion of the site will help make caring for the plantings simpler

Vonessen, Nikolaus

91

Use of a Modified Stroop Task to Examine Appearance-Schematic Information Processing in College Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computerized Stroop color-naming task was usedto compare the information processing of 55appearance-schematic and 50 appearance-aschematic women,based on their scores on the Appearance SchemasInventory (ASI). Participants color-named appearancewords (e.g., OVERWEIGHT, LIPSTICK ) and nonappearancewords (e.g., OBNOXIOUS, BRIDEGROOM ) after exposure toeither a neutral condition or a \\

Andrew S. Labarge; Thomas F. Cash; Timothy A. Brown

1998-01-01

92

Nanoscale carbon nanotube motor schematics and simulations for micro-electro-mechanical machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated nanoscale engine schematics composed of a carbon nanotube oscillator, motor, channel, nozzle, etc. For the fluidic gas driven carbon nanotube motor, the origination of the torque was the friction between the carbon nanotube surface and the fluidic gases. The density and flow rate of the working gas or liquid are very important for the carbon nanotube motor. When

Jeong Won Kang; Ho Jung Hwang

2004-01-01

93

Perceptual Grouping, Not Emotion, Accounts for Search Asymmetries with Schematic Faces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several different explanations have been proposed to account for the search asymmetry (SA) for angry schematic faces (i.e., the fact that an angry face target among friendly faces can be found faster than vice versa). The present study critically tested the perceptual grouping account, (a) that the SA is not due to emotional factors, but to…

Becker, Stefanie I.; Horstmann, Gernot; Remington, Roger W.

2011-01-01

94

An automatic generation of schematic maps to display Flight Routes for Air Traffic Controllers: structure and color optimization  

E-print Network

An automatic generation of schematic maps to display Flight Routes for Air Traffic Controllers Aircraft must follow strict Air Traffic Control (ATC) rules. One of these rules is that aircraft haveD picture of a schematic maps view for Air Traffic Control. Second, we propose to investigate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

95

The projection diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a diagram, named the projection diagram (PD), that can be used for the interpretation of fringe projection operations in a similar way as the Holodiagram is used in holography and other branches in optics. It is obtained as a Moiré pattern between two spoke targets that mimic central projections, the same as those in a projection and observation system or two projection systems. N. Abramson [Academic, London (1981)] has already proposed its use in systems with two observation points (i.e., stereoscopic observation). By using this PD, several interesting features dealing with fringe projection are highlighted. Information on the sensitivity vector and the geometry of the contouring surfaces can be straightforwardly obtained in a graphical way. The effect of defocusing can also be included in the diagram.

Muramatsu, Mikaya; Torroba, Patricia; Cap, Nelly; Rabal, Hector

2003-08-01

96

[Columbia Sensor Diagrams]. Revised  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A two dimensional graphical event sequence of the time history of relevant sensor information located in the left wing and wheel well areas of the Space Shuttle Columbia Orbiter is presented. Information contained in this graphical event sequence include: 1) Sensor location on orbiter and its associated wire bindle in X-Y plane; 2) Wire bundle routing; 3) Description of each anomalous sensor event; 4) Time annotation by (a) GMT, (b) time relative to LOS, (c) time history bar, and (d) ground track; and 5) Graphical display of temperature rise (based on delta temperature from point it is determined to be anomalous).

2003-01-01

97

Diblock copolymer phase diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Adaptation of the Matsen and Bates BCP phase diagram predicted using Mean-field Theory. * Matsen MW, Bates FS, ''http://pubs3.acs.org/acs/journals/doilookup?in_doi=10.1021/ma951138i Unifying weak- and strong-segregation block copolymer theories. Diblock copolymer phase diagram as calculated using Mean-field Theory by Matsen and Bates, where fA is the Block fraction, Ï is the Flory-Huggins Chi Parameter, and N is the length of the block.

Iacovella, Christopher R.

2006-11-20

98

Wire Test Grip Fixture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wire-testing issues, such as the gripping strains imposed on the wire, play a critical role in obtaining clean data. In a standard test frame fitted with flat wedge grips, the gripping action alone creates stresses on the wire specimen that cause the wire to fail at the grip location. A new test frame, which is outfitted with a vacuum chamber, negated the use of any conventional commercially available wire test fixtures, as only 7 in. (17.8 cm) existed between the grip faces. An innovative grip fixture was designed to test thin gauge wire for a variety of applications in an existing Instron test frame outfitted with a vacuum chamber.

Burke, Christopher S.

2011-01-01

99

Carbon Cycle Diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This diagram illustrates some of the most abundant stores of carbon and identifies some of the pathways in the carbon cycle along which carbon is transferred from one form to another. Long-term sinks of carbon are labelled in black; shorter-term fluxes are labelled in purple. Amounts are in billions of tons.

2011-07-12

100

Impulse-Momentum Diagrams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple representations are a valuable tool to help students learn and understand physics concepts. Furthermore, representations help students learn how to think and act like real scientists. These representations include: pictures, free-body diagrams, energy bar charts, electrical circuits, and, more recently, computer simulations and…

Rosengrant, David

2011-01-01

101

Interactive Molecular Orbital Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here is an application for constructing the molecular orbital electron configurations of heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Energy level diagrams are given for the two different cases encountered in heteronuclear diatomics of the first short period (Li2 - Ne2). This is a useful tool for having students explore questions of bond order, magnetic properties and numbers of unpaired electrons.

102

Venn Diagrams and Logic  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This math lesson from Illuminations uses Venn diagrams to illustrate direct, indirect and transitive reasoning. Students will learn the definitions of direct, indirect and transitive reasoning and give examples of each. Several student activity sheets are included. The material is intended for grades 9-12 and should require 2 and a half class periods to complete.

2011-01-04

103

Optimizing wire parameters in exploding wire arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploding wire arrays as fast switches are of interest for explosive pulsed power applications utilizing magnetic flux compression. This type of opening switch has proven effective in producing pulses of several hundred kilovolts into vacuum diode loads. The research presented here discusses an exploding wire array capable of producing single digit kilo- joules, 100 nanosecond pulses when driven by a

C. Davis; A. Neuber; J. Stephens; A. Young; J. Dickens; M. Kristiansen

2010-01-01

104

Cable Bundle Wire Derating  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The allowable operating currents of electrical wiring when used in the space vacuum environment is predominantly determined by the maximum operating temperature of the wire insulation. For Kapton insulated wire this value is 200 C. Guidelines provided in the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Preferred Parts List (PPL) limit the operating current of wire within vacuum to ensure the maximum insulation temperature is not exceeded. For 20 AWG wire, these operating parameters are: (1) 3.7 amps per wire; (2) bundle of 15 or more wires; (3) 70 C environment: and (4) vacuum of 10(exp -5) torr or less. To determine the behavior and temperature of electrical wire at different operating conditions, a thermal vacuum test was performed on a representative electrical harness of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) power distribution system. This paper describes the test and the results.

Lundquist, Ray A.; Leidecker, Henning

1998-01-01

105

Cable Bundle Wire Derating  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The allowable operating currents of electrical wiring when used in the space vacuum environment is predominantly determined by the maximum operating temperature of the wire insulation. For Kapton insulated wire this value is 200 C. Guidelines provided in the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Preferred Parts List (PPL) limit the operating current of wire within vacuum to ensure the maximum insulation temperature is not exceeded. For 20 AWG wire, these operating parameters are: 3.7 amps per wire, bundle of 15 or more wires, 70 C environment, and vacuum of 10(exp -5) torr or less. To determine the behavior and temperature of electrical wire at different operating conditions, a thermal vacuum test was performed on a representative electrical harness of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) power distribution system. This paper describes the test and the results.

Lundquist, Ray A.; Leidecker, Henning

1998-01-01

106

Current Biology 21, 16, December 6, 2011 2011 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2011.10.022 Wiring Economy and Volume Exclusion  

E-print Network

pipe- line [14], we obtained the three-dimensional shapes of all neu- rons in a single lamina cartridge neurons must be represented separately in the wiring diagram. A ``3D'' wiring economy model would need

Eddy, Sean

107

Wire harness twisting aid  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Long wire bundles twist into uniform spiral harnesses with help of simple apparatus. Wires pass through spacers and through hand-held tool with hole for each wire. Ends are attached to low speed bench motor. As motor turns, operator moves hand tool away forming smooth twists in wires between motor and tool. Technique produces harnesses that generate less radio-frequency interference than do irregularly twisted cables.

Casey, E. J.; Commadore, C. C.; Ingles, M. E.

1980-01-01

108

EMF wire code research  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the results of previous wire code research to determines the relationship with childhood cancer, wire codes and electromagnetic fields. The paper suggests that, in the original Savitz study, biases toward producing a false positive association between high wire codes and childhood cancer were created by the selection procedure.

Jones, T.

1993-11-01

109

Wire-Identification Instrument  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Instrument automatically tests each wire in multiwire cable and identifies specified wire to be segregated or labeled and locates wire connected to specified connector pin. Instrument made with readily available CMOS integrated circuits. More efficient and reliable than conventional continuity testers and less expensive than computer controlled units.

Lonborg, J. O.

1985-01-01

110

Advanced EMU Portable Life Support System (PLSS) and Shuttle/ISS EMU Schematics, a Comparison  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to be able to adapt to differing vehicle interfaces such as suitport and airlock, adjust to varying vehicle pressure schedules, tolerate lower quality working fluids, and adapt to differing suit architectures as dictated by a range of mission architectures, the next generation space suit requires more adaptability and robustness over that of the current Shuttle/ISS Extra-vehicular Mobility Unit (EMU). While some features have been added to facilitate interfaces to differing vehicle and suit architectures, the key performance gains have been made via incorporation of new technologies such as the variable pressure regulators, Rapid Cycle Amine swing-bed, and Suit Water Membrane Evaporator. This paper performs a comparison between the Shuttle/ISS EMU PLSS schematic and the Advanced EMU PLSS schematic complete with a discussion for each difference.

Campbell, Colin

2012-01-01

111

Reliability/safety analysis of a fly-by-wire system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An analysis technique has been developed to estimate the reliability of a very complex, safety-critical system by constructing a diagram of the reliability equations for the total system. This diagram has many of the characteristics of a fault-tree or success-path diagram, but is much easier to construct for complex redundant systems. The diagram provides insight into system failure characteristics and identifies the most likely failure modes. A computer program aids in the construction of the diagram and the computation of reliability. Analysis of the NASA F-8 Digital Fly-by-Wire Flight Control System is used to illustrate the technique.

Brock, L. D.; Goddman, H. A.

1980-01-01

112

Ratings of gender appropriateness of sports participation: Effects of gender-based schematic processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The domain of sports and physical activity has traditionally been considered to be appropriate for men and not compatible with the feminine role. Because gender-based schematic processing has been shown to affect attitudes and behavior, there might be differences in the categorization of sports as masculine or feminine, between sex-typed and non-sex-typed individuals. The findings in this study, including 104

Nathalie Koivula

1995-01-01

113

An Introduction to Tree Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief article describes the use of tree diagrams in calculating probabilities. The author provides examples of how tree diagrams are used to calculate specific probabilities and why the language chosen relates to the operations used to find the probability.

Cork, Stu

2014-01-01

114

Voronoi diagrams for planar shapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many algorithms compute Voronoi diagrams for polygons, few do so for shapes bounded by arbitrary closed curves. The paper presents an algorithm which does this. It also traces the diagrams directly from their differential properties

J. J. Chou

1995-01-01

115

Impulse-Momentum Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple representations are a valuable tool to help students learn and understand physics concepts.1 Furthermore, representations help students learn how to think and act like real scientists.2 These representations include: pictures, free-body diagrams,3 energy bar charts,4 electrical circuits, and, more recently, computer simulations and animations.5 However, instructors have limited choices when they want to help their students understand impulse and

David Rosengrant

2011-01-01

116

Nonperturbative phase diagram of interacting disordered Majorana nanowires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop a Gaussian variational approach in replica space to investigate the phase diagram of a one-dimensional interacting disordered topological superconducting wire in the strong-coupling regime. This method allows for a nonperturbative treatment in the disorder strength, electron-electron interactions, and the superconducting pairing amplitude. We find only two stable phases: a topological superconducting phase and a glassy, nontopological localized phase, characterized by replica symmetry breaking.

Crépin, François; Zaránd, G.; Simon, Pascal

2014-09-01

117

Feynman diagram drawing made easy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a drawing package optimised for Feynman diagrams. These can be constructed interactively with a mouse-driven graphical interface or from a script file, more suitable to work with a diagram generator. It provides most features encountered in Feynman diagrams and allows to modify every part of a diagram after its creation. Special attention has been paid to obtain a high quality printout as easily as possible. This package is written in Tcl/Tk and in C.

Baillargeon, Marc; Nogueira, P.

1997-02-01

118

Underwater electrical wire explosion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A brief review of the results obtained in recent research of underwater electrical wire explosions using microsecond and nanosecond generators is presented. It was shown that the increase in the rate of energy input into the exploding wire allows one to increase the wire temperature and amplitude of shock waves (SWs). Estimated energy deposition into Cu and Al wire material of up to 200 eV/atom was achieved. In microsecond time scale wire explosion, a good agreement was attained between the wire resistance calculated using the equation of state (EOS) and that obtained experimentally. Conversely, in nanosecond time scale wire explosion, the wire resistance of EOS was modified in order to fit experimental data. Analysis of the emitted radiation showed that black body approximation cannot be used to characterize exploding wire radiation. It was found that <=24% of the deposited energy is transferred into the water flow's mechanical energy. Also, it was shown that converging SWs formed by the explosion of cylindrical wire arrays can be used to achieve a pressure up to 250 kbar at the axis of implosion. Hydrodynamic simulations showed that with the use of relatively moderate pulsed power generators with stored energy of several hundred kilojoules, a pressure of several megabar can be achieved at the axis of implosion.

Krasik, Ya E.; Fedotov, A.; Sheftman, D.; Efimov, S.; Sayapin, A.; Gurovich, V. Tz; Veksler, D.; Bazalitski, G.; Gleizer, S.; Grinenko, A.; Oreshkin, V. I.

2010-06-01

119

30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Trolley wires, trolley feeder wires, and bare signal wires shall be insulated adequately where they pass through...doors and stoppings, and where they cross other power wires and cables. Trolley wires and trolley feeder wires shall be guarded...

2012-07-01

120

30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Trolley wires, trolley feeder wires, and bare signal wires shall be insulated adequately where they pass through...doors and stoppings, and where they cross other power wires and cables. Trolley wires and trolley feeder wires shall be guarded...

2013-07-01

121

30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Trolley wires, trolley feeder wires, and bare signal wires shall be insulated adequately where they pass through...doors and stoppings, and where they cross other power wires and cables. Trolley wires and trolley feeder wires shall be guarded...

2010-07-01

122

30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Trolley wires, trolley feeder wires, and bare signal wires shall be insulated adequately where they pass through...doors and stoppings, and where they cross other power wires and cables. Trolley wires and trolley feeder wires shall be guarded...

2011-07-01

123

Thin wire pointing method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method is described for forming sharp tips on thin wires, in particular phosphor bronze wires of diameters such as one-thousandth inch used to contact micron size Schottky barrier diodes, which enables close control of tip shape and which avoids the use of highly toxic solutions. The method includes dipping an end of a phosphor bronze wire into a dilute solution of sulfamic acid and applying a current through the wire to electrochemically etch it. The humidity in the room is controlled to a level of less than 50%, and the voltage applied between the wire and another electrode in the solutions is a half wave rectified voltage. The current through the wire is monitored, and the process is stopped when the current falls to a predetermined low level.

Green, G.; Mattauch, R. J. (inventors)

1983-01-01

124

Thin wire pointing method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A method is described for forming sharp tips on thin wires, in particular phosphor bronze wires of diameters such as one-thousandth inch used to contact micron size Schottky barrier diodes, which enables close control of tip shape and which avoids the use of highly toxic solutions. The method includes dipping an end of a phosphor bronze wire into a dilute solution of sulfamic acid and applying a current through the wire to electrochemically etch it. The humidity in the room is controlled to a level of less than 50%, and the voltage applied between the wire and another electrode in the solutions is a half wave rectified voltage. The current through the wire is monitored, and the process is stopped when the current falls to a predetermined low level.

Green, G.; Mattauch, R. J.

1983-03-01

125

Zinc wired rebar  

SciTech Connect

A novel method for corrosion protection of rebar in concrete is reported wherein it is galvanically protected by attaching a zinc wire along its length. The self-corrosion and galvanic-corrosion loss of the zinc wire is dependent on the water/cement ratio, the size of the cathode, and the concrete cover thickness. The wire acts as a sacrificial anode when the rebar embedded in concrete is exposed to corrosive environments.

Zhang, X.G.; Hwang, J. [COMINCO Product Technology Centre, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

1997-02-01

126

Sintered wire annode  

DOEpatents

A plurality of high atomic number wires are sintered together to form a porous rod that is parted into porous disks which will be used as x-ray targets. A thermally conductive material is introduced into the pores of the rod, and when a stream of electrons impinges on the sintered wire target and generates x-rays, the heat generated by the impinging x-rays is removed by the thermally conductive material interspersed in the pores of the wires.

Falce, Louis R. (Surprise, AZ); Ives, R. Lawrence (Saratoga, CA)

2007-12-25

127

Impact decision support diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One way to frame the job of planetary defense is to “find the optimal approach for finding the optimal approach” to NEO mitigation. This requires a framework for defining in advance what should be done under various circumstances. The two-dimensional action matrix from the recent NRC report “Defending Planet Earth” can be generalized to a notional “Impact Decision Support Diagram” by extending it into a third dimension. The NRC action matrix incorporated two important axes: size and time-to-impact, but probability of impact is also critical (it is part of the definitions of both the Torino and Palermo scales). Uncertainty has been neglected, but is also crucial. It can be incorporated by subsuming it into the NEO size axis by redefining size to be three standard deviations greater than the best estimate, thereby providing a built-in conservative margin. The independent variable is time-to-impact, which is known with high precision. The other two axes are both quantitative assessments of uncertainty and are both time dependent. Thus, the diagram is entirely an expression of uncertainty. The true impact probability is either one or zero, and the true size does not change. The domain contains information about the current uncertainty, which changes with time (as opposed to reality, which does not change).

Boslough, Mark

2014-10-01

128

Wire-inhomogeneity detector  

DOEpatents

A device for uncovering imperfections in electrical conducting wire, particularly superconducting wire, by detecting variations in eddy currents. Eddy currents effect the magnetic field in a gap of an inductor, contained in a modified commercial ferrite core, through which the wire being tested is passed. A small increase or decrease in the amount of conductive material, such as copper, in a fixed cross section of wire will unbalance a bridge used to measure the impedance of the inductor, tripping a detector and sounding an alarm.

Gibson, G.H.; Smits, R.G.; Eberhard, P.H.

1982-08-31

129

Weld Wire Investigation Summary  

SciTech Connect

After GTA welding reservoir A production/process prove-in assemblies, X-ray examination detected a lack of sidewall fusion. After examining several possible causes, it was determined that the weld wire filler metal was responsible, particularly the wire cleaning process. The final conclusion was that the filler wire must be abrasively cleaned in a particular manner to perform as required. The abrasive process was incorporated into the wire material specification, ensuring consistency for all reservoir GTA welding at AlliedSignal Federal Manufacturing and Technologies (FM and T).

Cunningham, M.A.

1999-03-22

130

Concealed wire tracing apparatus  

DOEpatents

An apparatus and method that combines a signal generator and a passive signal receiver to detect and record the path of partially or completely concealed electrical wiring without disturbing the concealing surface is disclosed. The signal generator applies a series of electrical pulses to the selected wiring of interest. The applied pulses create a magnetic field about the wiring that can be detected by a coil contained within the signal receiver. An audible output connected to the receiver and driven by the coil reflects the receivers position with respect to the wiring. The receivers audible signal is strongest when the receiver is directly above the wiring and the long axis of the receivers coil is parallel to the wiring. A marking means is mounted on the receiver to mark the location of the wiring as the receiver is directed over the wiring's concealing surface. Numerous marks made on various locations of the concealing surface will trace the path of the wiring of interest. 4 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1994-05-31

131

1998 wire development workshop proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This report consists of vugraphs of the presentations at the conference. The conference was divided into the following sessions: (1) First Generation Wire Development: Status and Issues; (2) First Generation Wire in Pre-Commercial Prototypes; (3) Second Generation Wire Development: Private Sector Progress and Issues; (4) Second Generation Wire Development: Federal Laboratories; and (5) Fundamental Research Issues for HTS Wire Development.

NONE

1998-04-01

132

Wire Array Photovoltaics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past five years, the cost of solar panels has dropped drastically and, in concert, the number of installed modules has risen exponentially. However, solar electricity is still more than twice as expensive as electricity from a natural gas plant. Fortunately, wire array solar cells have emerged as a promising technology for further lowering the cost of solar. Si wire array solar cells are formed with a unique, low cost growth method and use 100 times less material than conventional Si cells. The wires can be embedded in a transparent, flexible polymer to create a free-standing array that can be rolled up for easy installation in a variety of form factors. Furthermore, by incorporating multijunctions into the wire morphology, higher efficiencies can be achieved while taking advantage of the unique defect relaxation pathways afforded by the 3D wire geometry. The work in this thesis shepherded Si wires from undoped arrays to flexible, functional large area devices and laid the groundwork for multijunction wire array cells. Fabrication techniques were developed to turn intrinsic Si wires into full p-n junctions and the wires were passivated with a-Si:H and a-SiNx:H. Single wire devices yielded open circuit voltages of 600 mV and efficiencies of 9%. The arrays were then embedded in a polymer and contacted with a transparent, flexible, Ni nanoparticle and Ag nanowire top contact. The contact connected >99% of the wires in parallel and yielded flexible, substrate free solar cells featuring hundreds of thousands of wires. Building on the success of the Si wire arrays, GaP was epitaxially grown on the material to create heterostructures for photoelectrochemistry. These cells were limited by low absorption in the GaP due to its indirect bandgap, and poor current collection due to a diffusion length of only 80 nm. However, GaAsP on SiGe offers a superior combination of materials, and wire architectures based on these semiconductors were investigated for multijunction arrays. These devices offer potential efficiencies of 34%, as demonstrated through an analytical model and optoelectronic simulations. SiGe and Ge wires were fabricated via chemical-vapor deposition and reactive ion etching. GaAs was then grown on these substrates at the National Renewable Energy Lab and yielded ns lifetime components, as required for achieving high efficiency devices.

Turner-Evans, Dan

133

(?, ?) uniform-scale chromaticity diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The non-uniformity of scale in the usual chromaticity diagrams is a very old problem in colour measurements. This program computes the transformation from the CIE 1931 ( x, y) chromaticity diagram to the recent uniform scale (?, ?) diagram and vice-versa. Moreover the program evaluates the most important colorimetric quantities for a comparison with the experimental data. Finally the chromatic gamut needed for TV applications is shown.

Oleari, Claudio; Formaleoni, Guido

1992-02-01

134

Generating function for web diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the description of the exponentiated diagrams in terms of generating function within the universal diagrammatic technique. In particular, we show the exponentiation of the gauge theory amplitudes involving products of an arbitrary number of Wilson lines of arbitrary shapes, which generalizes the concept of web diagrams. The presented method gives a new viewpoint on the web diagrams and proves the non-Abelian exponentiation theorem.

Vladimirov, A. A.

2014-09-01

135

Box diagram in Yukawa theory  

SciTech Connect

We present a light-front calculation of the box diagram in Yukawa theory. The covariant box diagram is finite for the case of spin-1/2 constituents exchanging spin-0 particles. In light-front dynamics, however, individual time-ordered diagrams are divergent. We analyze the corresponding light-front singularities and show the equivalence between the light-front and covariant results by taming the singularities.

Bakker, Bernard L. G.; Boomsma, Jorn K. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1081, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam (Netherlands); Ji, Chueng-Ryong [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States)

2007-03-15

136

A knowledge-based system for the schematic design of passive solar buildings  

SciTech Connect

A knowledge-based computer-aided architectural design system (KB-CAAD) for the schematic design and evaluation of passive solar buildings is presented. The KB-CAAD system is based on the integration of knowledge-based and procedural simulation methods with any available CAAD system for building representation. The knowledge base contains the heuristic rules for the design of passive solar buildings. Whenever possible, the knowledge base guides the designer through the decision-making process. However, if the rules of thumb are not acceptable for the particular design problem, the KB-CAAD system guides the architect by using a procedural stimulation model. At present, the development of the KB-CAAD system for the schematic-conceptual design phase of energy-conscious building has been implemented. Hence, the system in its present state is capable of handling the geometrical parameters in the design. The authors demonstrate, by a case study, not only that the KB-CAAD system leads to the design of better solar buildings, but that it takes less time and manpower to introduce the geometrical data that would be needed for a regular nonsolar building representation.

Shaviv, E. (Technion-Israel Inst. of Technology, Haifa (IL)); Peleg, U.J. (Computer Applications in Architecture, ACA-Architecture and Computer Aids Ltd., Ramat Gan (IL))

1990-01-01

137

WIRE Mishap Investigation Board Report  

E-print Network

Volume 1 WIRE Mishap Investigation Board Report June 8, 1999 #12;2 Table of Contents WIRE MISHAP........................................................................... 10 � WIRE Mishap Electronics Analysis: Failure Mechanism Determination.................... 17 � Summary of the Mishap

Rhoads, James

138

International space station wire program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hardware provider wire systems and current wire insulation issues for the International Space Station (ISS) program are discussed in this viewgraph presentation. Wire insulation issues include silicone wire contamination, Tefzel cold temperature flexibility, and Russian polyimide wire insulation. ISS is a complex program with hardware developed and managed by many countries and hundreds of contractors. Most of the obvious wire insulation issues are known by contractors and have been precluded by proper selection.

May, Todd

1995-01-01

139

Diagonal Slices of 3D Young Diagrams in the Approach of Maya Diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the correspondence between 2D Young diagrams and Maya diagrams and the relation between 2D and 3D Young diagrams, we construct 3D Young diagrams in the approach of Maya diagrams. Moreover, we formulate the generating function of 3D Young diagrams, which is the MacMahon function in terms of Maya diagrams.

Cai, Li-Qiang; Wang, Li-Fang; Wu, Ke; Yang, Jie

2014-09-01

140

Geometric Relations Among Voronoi Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two general classes of Voronoi diagrams are introduced and, along with their modifications to higher order, are shown to be geometrically related. This geometric background, on one hand, serves to analyze the size and the combinatorial structure, and on the other hand, implies general and efficient methods of construction, for various important types of Voronoi diagrams considered in the literature.

Franz Aurenhammer; Hiroshi Imai

1987-01-01

141

Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe Voronoi diagram of a set of sites partitions space into regions, one per site; theregion for a site s consists of all points closer to s than to any other site. The dual ofthe Voronoi diagram, the Delaunay triangulation, is the unique triangulation so thatthe circumsphere of every triangle contains no sites in its interior. Voronoi diagramsand Delaunay triangulations

Steven Fortune

1995-01-01

142

Potential-pH Diagrams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Potential-pH diagrams show the domains of redoxpotential and pH in which major species are most stable. Constructing such diagrams provides students with opportunities to decide what species must be considered, search literature for equilibrium constants and free energies of formation, and practice in using the Nernst equation. (Author/JN)

Barnum, Dennis W.

1982-01-01

143

Towards plant wires  

E-print Network

In experimental laboratory studies we evaluate a possibility of making electrical wires from living plants. In scoping experiments we use lettuce seedlings as a prototype model of a plant wire. We approximate an electrical potential transfer function by applying direct current voltage to the lettuce seedlings and recording output voltage. We analyse oscillation frequencies of the output potential and assess noise immunity of the plant wires. Our findings will be used in future designs of self-growing wetware circuits and devices, and integration of plant-based electronic components into future and emergent bio-hybrid systems.

Adamatzky, Andrew

2014-01-01

144

Spider Diagrams: A Diagrammatic Reasoning System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spider diagrams combine and extend Venn diagrams and Euler circles to express constraints on sets and their relationships with other sets. These diagrams can be used in conjunction with object-oriented modelling notations such as the Unified Modelling Language. This paper summarises the main syntax and semantics of spider diagrams. It also introduces inference rules for reasoning with spider diagrams and

John Howse; Fernando Molina; John Taylor; Stuart Kent; JOSEPH YOSSI GIL

2001-01-01

145

Human life support during interplanetary travel and domicile. II - Generic Modular Flow Schematic modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the Generic Modular Flow Schematic (GMFS) architecture capable of encompassing all functional elements of a physical/chemical life support system (LSS). The GMFS can be implemented to synthesize, model, analyze, and quantitatively compare many configurations of LSSs, from a simple, completely open-loop to a very complex closed-loop. The GMFS model is coded in ASPEN, a state-of-the-art chemical process simulation program, to accurately compute the material, heat, and power flow quantities for every stream in each of the subsystem functional elements (SFEs) in the chosen configuration of a life support system. The GMFS approach integrates the various SFEs and subsystems in a hierarchical and modular fashion facilitating rapid substitutions and reconfiguration of a life support system. The comprehensive ASPEN material and energy balance output is transferred to a systems and technology assessment spreadsheet for rigorous system analysis and trade studies.

Farral, Joseph F.; Seshan, P. K.; Rohatgi, Naresh K.

1991-01-01

146

A schematic model for molecular affinity and binding with Ising variables  

E-print Network

After discussing the relevance of statistical physics in molecular recognition processes, we present a schematic model for ligand-receptor association based on an Ising chain. We discuss the possible behaviors of the affinity when the stiffness of the ligand increases. We also consider the case of flexible receptors. A variety of interesting behaviors is obtained, including some affinity modulation upon bond hardening of softening. The affinity of a ligand for its receptor is shown to depend on the details of their rigidity profile, and we question the possibility of encoding information in the rigidities as well as in the shape. An exhaustive study of the selectivity of patterns with length $n<8$ is carried on. Connection with other spin models, in particular spin glasses is mentioned in conclusion.

Fabrice Thalmann

2010-04-08

147

Nanoscale carbon nanotube motor schematics and simulations for micro-electro-mechanical machines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigated nanoscale engine schematics composed of a carbon nanotube oscillator, motor, channel, nozzle, etc. For the fluidic gas driven carbon nanotube motor, the origination of the torque was the friction between the carbon nanotube surface and the fluidic gases. The density and flow rate of the working gas or liquid are very important for the carbon nanotube motor. When multi-wall carbon nanotubes with very low rotating energy barriers are used for carbon nanotube motors, the fluidic gas driven carbon nanotube motors can be effectively operated and controlled by the gas flow rates. The variations of the flux were the same as the variations of the carbon nanotube oscillator. Although the carbon nanotube oscillator continually vibrated, since the angular velocity of the motor was saturated at a constant value, the speed of the nanoscale engine could be controlled by the frequency of the carbon nanotube oscillator below the maximum speed.

Kang, Jeong Won; Hwang, Ho Jung

2004-11-01

148

Orbiter Kapton wire operational requirements and experience  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The agenda of this presentation includes the Orbiter wire selection requirements, the Orbiter wire usage, fabrication and test requirements, typical wiring installations, Kapton wire experience, NASA Kapton wire testing, summary, and backup data.

Peterson, R. V.

1994-01-01

149

Hot wire anemometer  

SciTech Connect

An electronic anemometer is described for measuring air mass flow in a conduit, comprising: a length of temperature-dependent resistive wire; a circuit board for holding at least a portion of the anemometer electronic circuitry; a rigid support member, the circuit board being attached to the member; and a pair of electrically conductive, resilient posts capable of withstanding the elevated operating temperatures encountered when the anemometer is operating, each of the posts having a wire-supporting end portion fixedly connected to the wire. The end portions are spaced apart and positionable in the conduit, and biased away from each other to hold the wire under tension, each of the posts further having a remote end portion fixedly held by the support member. The remote end portions are electrically connected to the electronic circuitry.

Watkins, D.W.

1986-08-12

150

Concrete and abstract Voronoi diagrams  

SciTech Connect

The Voronoi diagram of a set of sites is a partition of the plane into regions, one to each site, such that the region of each site contains all points of the plane that are closer to this site than to the other ones. Such partitions are of great importance to computer science and many other fields. The challenge is to compute Voronoi diagrams quickly. The problem is that their structure depends on the notion of distance and the sort of site. In this book the author proposes a unifying approach by introducing abstract Voronoi diagrams. These are based on the concept of bisecting curves which are required to have some simple properties that are actually possessed by most bisectors of concrete Voronoi diagrams. Abstract Voronoi diagrams can be computed efficiently and there exists a worst-case efficient algorithm of divide-and-conquer type that applies to all abstract Voronoi diagrams satisfying a certain constraint. The author shows that this constraint is fulfilled by the concrete diagrams based no large classes of metrics in the plane.

Klein, R. (Universitat-Gesamthochschule Essen (DE))

1989-01-01

151

Cryogenic Pressure Seal for Wires  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

High-pressure-seal formed by forcing polyurethane into space surrounding wire or cable in special fitting. Wire or cable routed through fitting then through a tightly fitting cap. Wire insulation left intact. Cap filled with sealant and forced onto the fitting: this pushes sealant into fitting so it seals wire or cable in fitting as well as in cap.

Ciana, J. J.

1984-01-01

152

The Sagging Wire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is an activity which can be used to investigate heat expansion in a solid. Included are background, materials, procedures, and suggested discussion questions. A diagram of the apparatus is provided. (CW)

Thompson, John Taylor

1989-01-01

153

Splicing Wires Permanently With Explosives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Explosive joining process developed to splice wires by enclosing and metallurgically bonding wires within copper sheets. Joints exhibit many desirable characteristics, 100-percent conductivity and strength, no heat-induced annealing, no susceptibility to corrosion in contacts between dissimilar metals, and stability at high temperature. Used to join wires to terminals, as well as to splice wires. Applicable to telecommunications industry, in which millions of small wires spliced annually.

Bement, Laurence J.; Kushnick, Anne C.

1990-01-01

154

Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of the Bob's side of the DTBS-QKD system; NPBS, Non-polarizing Beam Splitter; HWP,  

E-print Network

Encoding Quantum Key Distribution System Lijun Ma, Tiejun Chang and Xiao Tang Information Technology encoding quantum key distribution (QKD) is one of the most practical techniques for providing high- speed secure quantum encryption in communications. Several groups have reported over Mbps sifted-key rate

155

Quantum Diagrams and Quantum Networks  

E-print Network

This paper is an introduction to diagrammatic methods for representing quantum processes and quantum computing. We review basic notions for quantum information and quantum computing. We discuss topological diagrams and some issues about using category theory in representing quantum computing and teleportation. We analyze very carefully the diagrammatic meaning of the usual representation of the Mach-Zehnder interferometer, and we show how it can be generalized to associate to each composition of unitary transformations a "laboratory quantum diagram" such that particles moving though the many alternate paths in this diagram will mimic the quantum process represented by the composition of unitary transformations. This is a finite dimensional way to think about the Feynman Path Integral. We call our representation result the Path Theorem. Then we go back to the basics of networks and matrices and show how elements of quantum measurement can be represented with network diagrams.

Louis H. Kauffman; Samuel J. Lomonaco Jr

2014-04-17

156

Effects of Analogical vs. Schematic Illustrations on Initial Learning and Retention of Technical Material by Eighth-Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of analogical and schematic illustrations on the comprehension and retention of expository prose were compared. The population was 191 eighth-grade students at Mahomet Junior High School, Illinois; 134 students' scores were used. Subjects were assigned to two groups through the random distribution of treatment booklets that included a…

McAlister, Brian K.

157

Comparative Study of the Effectiveness of Three Learning Environments: Hyper-Realistic Virtual Simulations, Traditional Schematic Simulations and Traditional Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the educational effects of computer simulations developed in a hyper-realistic virtual environment with the educational effects of either traditional schematic simulations or a traditional optics laboratory. The virtual environment was constructed on the basis of Java applets complemented with a photorealistic visual output.…

Martinez, Guadalupe; Naranjo, Francisco L.; Perez, Angel L.; Suero, Maria Isabel; Pardo, Pedro J.

2011-01-01

158

Figure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information that can be  

E-print Network

on electron and ionic transfer across solid�solid and solid�liquid interfaces and within eachFigure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information Proposals In Situ Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Advanced Li-ion Batteries

159

16 CFR Figure 4 to Subpart A of... - Flooring Radiant Panel Tester Schematic Low Flux End, Elevation  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

16 ? Commercial Practices ? 2 ? 2010-01-01 ? 2010-01-01 ? false ? Flooring Radiant Panel Tester Schematic Low Flux End, Elevation ? 4 ? Figure 4 to Subpart A of Part 1209 ? Commercial Practices ? CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION ? CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS ? INTERIM SAFETY...

2010-01-01

160

Comparative study of the effectiveness of three learning environments: Hyper-realistic virtual simulations, traditional schematic simulations and traditional laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study compared the educational effects of computer simulations developed in a hyper-realistic virtual environment with the educational effects of either traditional schematic simulations or a traditional optics laboratory. The virtual environment was constructed on the basis of Java applets complemented with a photorealistic visual output. This new virtual environment concept, which we call hyper-realistic, transcends basic schematic simulation; it provides the user with a more realistic perception of a physical phenomenon being simulated. We compared the learning achievements of three equivalent, homogeneous groups of undergraduatesâan experimental group who used only the hyper-realistic virtual laboratory, a first control group who used a schematic simulation, and a second control group who used the traditional laboratory. The three groups received the same theoretical preparation and carried out equivalent practicals in their respective learning environments. The topic chosen for the experiment was optical aberrations. An analysis of variance applied to the data of the study demonstrated a statistically significant difference (p value <0.05) between the three groups. The learning achievements attained by the group using the hyper-realistic virtual environment were 6.1 percentage points higher than those for the group using the traditional schematic simulations and 9.5 percentage points higher than those for the group using the traditional laboratory.

Martã­nez, Guadalupe; Naranjo, Francisco L.; Pã©rez, Ãngel L.; Suero, Maria I.; Pardo, Pedro J.

2012-06-06

161

Junctions of multiple quantum wires with different Luttinger parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the framework of boundary conformal field theory, we evaluate the conductance of stable fixed points of junctions of two and three quantum wires with different Luttinger parameters. For two wires, the physical properties are governed by a single effective Luttinger parameter for each of the charge and spin sectors. We present numerical density-matrix-renormalization-group calculations of the conductance of a junction of two chains of interacting spinless fermions with different interaction strengths, obtained using a recently developed method [Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.105.226803 105, 226803 (2010)]. The numerical results show very good agreement with the analytical predictions. For three spinless wires (i.e., a Y junction) we analytically determine the full phase diagram and compute all fixed-point conductances as a function of the three Luttinger parameters.

Hou, Chang-Yu; Rahmani, Armin; Feiguin, Adrian E.; Chamon, Claudio

2012-08-01

162

Wire-reinforced superalloys  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The problems and progress encountered in developing refractory-wire-reinforced superalloys for turbojet-engine applications at operating temperature within 1000-1200 C are reviewed. Particular attention is given to the problem of the compatibility of the fiber-reinforcement wire and the superalloy matrix and to the means of improving composite properties. Fiber development is described, since fibers with better properties would result in better composite properties. Matrix composition is discussed in terms of its functions, namely to enhance compatibility and provide strength, oxidation protection, and ductility. Advantages and shortcomings of different fabrication techniques are revealed, and the current state of development of wire-reinforced composites is outlined by indicating the properties achieved. Requirements for further development of the material and for application to engineering components are set forth.

Signorelli, R. A.

1974-01-01

163

Wire core reactor for NTP  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of the wire core system for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) that took place from 1963 to 1965 is discussed. A wire core consists of a fuel wire with spacer wires. It's an annular flow core having a central control rod. There are actually four of these, with beryllium solid reflectors on both ends and all the way around. Much of the information on the concept is given in viewgraph form. Viewgraphs are presented on design details of the wire core, the engine design, engine weight vs. thrust, a technique used to fabricate the wire fuel element, and axial temperature distribution.

Harty, R. B.

1991-01-01

164

Flying wires at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

Transverse beam profile measurement systems called ''Flying Wires'' have been installed and made operational in the Fermilab Main Ring and Tevatron accelerators. These devices are used routinely to measure the emittance of both protons and antiprotons throughout the fill process, and for emittance growth measurements during stores. In the Tevatron, the individual transverse profiles of six proton and six antiproton bunches are obtained simultaneously, with a single pass of the wire through the beam. Essential features of the hardware, software, and system operation are explained in the rest of the paper. 3 refs., 4 figs.

Gannon, J.; Crawford, C.; Finley, D.; Flora, R.; Groves, T.; MacPherson, M.

1989-03-01

165

OrchidWire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by orchid enthusiasts Wendell and Theresa Kozak of Vancouver Island, Canada, OrchidWire website is a great resource for anyone interested in orchids. This site is an online orchid resource directory with links to 3911 images and 1184 sites in 51 countries. Site visitors can peruse orchid resources by using an alphabetical appendix or by selecting from different categories like Wild, Culture, Geographic, Genera, and many more. Specific orchid listings or images can be located by using the site search engine. Site users can also submit suggestions for addition to the OrchidWire database.

Kozak, Theresa; Kozak, Wendell

166

Schematic designs for penetration seals for a reference repository in bedded salt  

SciTech Connect

The isolation of radioactive wastes in geologic repositories requires that man-made penetrations such as shafts, tunnels, or boreholes are adequately sealed. This report describes schematic seal designs for a repository in bedded salt referenced to the straitigraphy of southeastern New Mexico. The designs are presented for extensive peer review and will be updated as site-specific conceptual designs when a site for a repository in salt has been selected. The principal material used in the seal system is crushed salt obtained from excavating the repository. It is anticipated that crushed salt will consolidate as the repository rooms creep close to the degree that mechanical and hydrologic properties will eventually match those of undisturbed, intact salt. For southeastern New Mexico salt, analyses indicate that this process will require approximately 1000 years for a seal located at the base of one of the repository shafts (where there is little increase in temperature due to waste emplacement) and approximately 400 years for a seal located in an access tunnel within the repository. Bulkheads composed of contrete or salt bricks are also included in the seal system as components which will have low permeability during the period required for salt consolidation.

Kelsall, P.C.; Case, J.B.; Meyer, D.; Coons, W.E.

1982-11-01

167

Customized schematic eye model for refraction correction design based on ocular wavefront and corneal topography measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The subject of this paper relates to the ocular optical design and vision analysis of refractive correction of the eye. After the purpose statement and the assumption list, the concept of the schematic eye matching a particular (measured) wavefront is introduced. This concept is based on the fact that the ocular wavefront, together with the corneal topography, can be seen as the mathematical global representation of the eye working in monochromatic light and having a foveal vision. The discussed design technique, including an iterative optimization method, could be applied in any ocular correction that utilizes cornea topography and/or ocular wavefront, e.g. contact lens or intra-corneal implant. However, the application this paper refers to is the ocular refractive correction by a procedure using the LADARVISION. It consists of surgical removal and subsequent replacement of a corneal flap on a stromal surface whose shape has been changed by laser ablation of the tissue. Subsequent sections of this paper are dedicated to establishing the limits of possible refractive correction, the influences of the flap and corneal topography into the refractive correction calculation. Finally a realistic evaluation of the results and a list of possible developments of this new optical design method are discussed.

Curatu, Eugene O.; Pettit, George H.; Campin, John A.

2002-06-01

168

A LAMP-based schematic prototype instrument for detection of microorganisms in human outer space activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the main tasks of human outer space exploration is to detect signs of life. Based on meteoritic evidence, common ancestry hypothesis has been posed. Therefore, searching for the fundamental molecules (DNA, RNA, and proteins) that constitute life as we know on Earth is feasible and now the typical approach. To achieve this goal, portable, robust, and highly sensitive instrument is also needed. In this study, based on Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique that targets life information storage molecular, DNA, we designed a schematic prototype instrument for microorganism detection. First, we designed LAMP primers used for amplification of DNA markers of Bacteria, Archaea, and Fungus; then, we optimized the LAMP reaction system for space using; and finally, we designed a prototype instrument and operating software system that are compatible with the LAMP reaction system. The results of simulation experiments showed that our instrument performed well for detecting representative microorganisms and the device can achieve semi-automatization. The detection process, from sample preparation to signal visualization, was completed in 1.5 hour. Our study provides a new method and corresponding device for detection of DNA molecular, which has great potential for applications in outer space exploration. Besides, the instrument we designed can also been used for monitoring changes of terrestrial microorganisms in outer space, for example in aircraft.

Hu, Yongfei; Liu, Zhiheng; Li, Junxiong; Zhu, Baoli

169

Historical evolution of a micro-tidal lagoon simulated by a 2-D schematic model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coastal transitional environments such as estuaries, coastal inlets and tidal lagoons are the result of the interaction of several exogenous forcing factors (e.g. tidal regime, local wind and wave climate, sea-level rise, sediment supply) many of which are, in principle, variable in time over historical and geological timescales. Besides the natural variability of the external constraints, human interventions in some components of the system can either directly or indirectly affect long-term sediment dynamics in the whole system. In this paper the evolution of a schematic tidal basin, with non-uniform sediments and subject to geological and anthropogenic processes, is reproduced by means of a two dimensional morphodynamic model and qualitatively compared to the events which historically took place in the Venice Lagoon during the last four centuries; the trend for the next 200 years is also investigated. In particular, the effect on both morphology and bottom composition of river diversion, jetty construction, human-induced subsidence and channel dredging are presented and discussed.

Bonaldo, D.; Di Silvio, G.

2013-11-01

170

Automatically Assessing Graph-Based Diagrams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date there has been very little work on the machine understanding of imprecise diagrams, such as diagrams drawn by students in response to assessment questions. Imprecise diagrams exhibit faults such as missing, extraneous and incorrectly formed elements. The semantics of imprecise diagrams are difficult to determine. While there have been…

Thomas, Pete; Smith, Neil; Waugh, Kevin

2008-01-01

171

DRAWING DIAGRAMS IN AN ONLINE EXAMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a study into the drawing of diagrams in an online examination. The diagrams were produced by students during an on-line examination using a simple drawing tool. The students' examination answers, which included a diagram, were submitted over the Internet to an automatic marking tool for grading and feedback. This paper describes the diagram drawing tool and discusses

Pete Thomas

172

SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE  

E-print Network

TERRORWARS SPACEDAILY TERRADAILY MARSDAILY SPACE TRAVEL SPACEMART SPACE DATABASE Endangered Species WeCHANNELS SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE UAV NEWS MILITARY COMMS CYBERWARS MISSILE NEWS RAYGUNS against Kashmiri militants SPACEDAILY NEWS Jan 29, 2004 NASA chief defends Bush's space plans Japan

173

NewsWire, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the 3 2002 issues of the newsletter "NewsWire," (volume 5). Issue Number One focuses on collaborative Web projects. This issue begins with descriptions of four individual projects: "iEARN"; "Operation RubyThroat"; "Follow the Polar Huskies!"; and "Log in Your Animal Roadkill!" Features that follow include: "Bringing the…

Byrom, Elizabeth, Ed.; Bingham, Margaret, Ed.; Bowman, Gloria, Ed.; Shoemaker, Dan, Ed.

2002-01-01

174

Debate: Wired versus Wireless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Debates the issue of investing in wiring schools for desktop computer networks versus using laptops and wireless networks. Included are cost considerations and the value of technology for learning. Suggestions include using wireless networks for existing schools, hardwiring computers for new construction, and not using computers for elementary…

Meeks, Glenn; Nair, Prakash

2000-01-01

175

Basic Wiring. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist teachers conducting a foundation course to prepare students for additional courses of training for entry-level employment in either the residential or commercial and industrial wiring trades. Included in the guide are 17 instructional units and the following sections of information for teachers: guidelines in using…

Kaltwasser, Stan; And Others

176

WiredSafety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet has afforded hundreds of millions of people the opportunity to access thousands of sites on almost every topic imaginable, and has created a myriad of new employment opportunities, interest groups, and cybercommunities. Regrettably, not every person merging onto the information superhighway is there for such laudable reasons. Stepping into the fray of n'er-do wells is the WiredSafety website, headed by Perry Aftab, an international cyberspace privacy and security lawyer and children's advocate. Registered as a non-profit organization, WiredSafety offers help for online victims of cybercrime and harassment, educational materials about cybercrime, and assistance for law enforcement worldwide on preventing and investigating cybercrimes. A good place to start on the site is Parry's Internet Safety Guide for Parents, which offers a number of helpful tips for parents about monitoring their children's interactions with others over the Internet. WiredSafety also offers Wired-Ed, which is offered free of charge and allows users to learn more about surfing the net safely. Also featured is a wide range of other online courses.

177

SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE  

E-print Network

CHANNELS SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE UAV NEWS MILITARY COMMS CYBERWARS MISSILE NEWS RAYGUNS nephew exempted from Israeli military service Four die, 15 hurt as Indian airforce MiG-21 crashes Wins Ground Based Missile Defense Canister Contract Military Rot Spreads To Russia's Nuclear Forces

178

Improved wire chamber  

DOEpatents

An improved gas mixture for use with proportional counter devices, such as Geiger-Mueller tubes and drift chambers. The improved gas mixture provides a stable drift velocity while eliminating wire aging caused by prior art gas mixtures. The new gas mixture is comprised of equal parts argon and ethane gas and having approximately 0.25% isopropyl alcohol vapor. 2 figs.

Atac, M.

1987-05-12

179

Wired To Flex.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses wire and cable management solutions school construction committees can use that do not limit flexibility. Topics cover such areas as using perimeter raceways in classrooms, incorporating a flexible communications cabling infrastructure in to the initial design, and answering the question of how to meet future requirements and…

Fickes, Michael

2000-01-01

180

49 CFR 236.74 - Protection of insulated wire; splice in underground wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of insulated wire; splice in underground wire. 236.74 Section 236.74 Transportation...APPLIANCES Rules and Instructions: All Systems Wires and Cables § 236.74 Protection of insulated wire; splice in underground wire....

2012-10-01

181

49 CFR 236.74 - Protection of insulated wire; splice in underground wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of insulated wire; splice in underground wire. 236.74 Section 236.74 Transportation...APPLIANCES Rules and Instructions: All Systems Wires and Cables § 236.74 Protection of insulated wire; splice in underground wire....

2013-10-01

182

49 CFR 236.74 - Protection of insulated wire; splice in underground wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of insulated wire; splice in underground wire. 236.74 Section 236.74 Transportation...APPLIANCES Rules and Instructions: All Systems Wires and Cables § 236.74 Protection of insulated wire; splice in underground wire....

2011-10-01

183

49 CFR 236.74 - Protection of insulated wire; splice in underground wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of insulated wire; splice in underground wire. 236.74 Section 236.74 Transportation...APPLIANCES Rules and Instructions: All Systems Wires and Cables § 236.74 Protection of insulated wire; splice in underground wire....

2010-10-01

184

Easily-wired toggle switch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Crimp-type connectors reduce assembly and disassembly time. With design, no switch preparation is necessary and socket contracts are crimped to wires inserted in module attached to back of toggle switch engaging pins inside module to make electrical connections. Wires are easily removed with standard detachment tool. Design can accommodate wires of any gage and as many terminals can be placed on switch as wire gage and switch dimensions will allow.

Dean, W. T.; Stringer, E. J.

1979-01-01

185

1997 wire development workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This conference is divided into the following sections: (1) First Generation Wires I; (2) First Generation Wires II; (3) Coated conductors I; and (4) Coated conductors II. Applications of the superconducting wires include fault current limiters, superconducting motors, transformers, and power transmission lines.

NONE

1997-04-01

186

49 CFR 393.28 - Wiring systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Wiring systems. 393.28 Section 393.28 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to...Lamps, Reflective Devices, and Electrical Wiring § 393.28 Wiring systems. Electrical wiring...

2010-10-01

187

Concrete and Abstract Voronoi Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Voronoi diagram of a set of sites is a partition of the plane into regions, one to each site, such that the region of each site contains all points of the plane that are closer to this site than to the other ones. Such partitions are of great importance to computer science and many other fields. The challenge is

Rolf Klein

1989-01-01

188

Higher Order City Voronoi Diagrams  

E-print Network

We investigate higher-order Voronoi diagrams in the city metric. This metric is induced by quickest paths in the L1 metric in the presence of an accelerating transportation network of axis-parallel line segments. For the structural complexity of kth-order city Voronoi diagrams of n point sites, we show an upper bound of O(k(n - k) + kc) and a lower bound of {\\Omega}(n + kc), where c is the complexity of the transportation network. This is quite different from the bound O(k(n - k)) in the Euclidean metric. For the special case where k = n - 1 the complexity in the Euclidean metric is O(n), while that in the city metric is {\\Theta}(nc). Furthermore, we develop an O(k^2(n + c) log n)-time iterative algorithm to compute the kth-order city Voronoi diagram and an O(nc log^2(n + c) log n)-time divide-and-conquer algorithm to compute the farthest-site city Voronoi diagram.

Gemsa, Andreas; Liu, Chih-Hung; Wagner, Dorothea

2012-01-01

189

The Hubble diagram for supernovae  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of 47 type I and 13 type II supernovae (SN) in the Hubble diagram is presented and evaluated. Values of the parameter Mpg(100) and the dispersion are determined by least-squares fits to various data subsets, and the results are compared with those of previous studies. Sources of scatter are considered, specifically inaccurate corrections for interstellar extinction in the

D. Branch; C. Bettis

1978-01-01

190

Precipitation and the Sounding Diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This undergraduate meteorology tutorial deals with the interplay between the vertical temperature structure of the atmosphere and the temperature of the ascending air in the formation of precipitation. Students learn about the dry and moist adiabatic lapse rates, reading and interpreting sounding diagrams, and determining the change in temperature as air parcels rise or sink.

Nielsen-Gammon, John

1996-01-01

191

Animated Diagram: Sedimentary Rock Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Flash-enabled diagram provides a scheme for sedimentary rock identification accompanied by pop-up images of the rocks. Rolling the mouse over highlighted boxes links texture, grain size, composition, and map symbols to images of a variety of sedimentary rocks. The animation is downloadable.

192

Index of Animated Phase Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of animated phase diagrams by Kenneth Windom at Iowa State University. These short Power Point animations can be used to illustrate equilibrium crystallization concepts. There are slide shows for plagioclase feldspars (albite and anorthite); forsterite, diopside and anorthite; forsterite, enstatite and silica; and diopside and anorthite.

Windom, Kenneth E.; University, Iowa S.

193

ccsd00000445, Making diagrams speak,  

E-print Network

raised by the presence of diagrams in a VIIth century Sanskrit mathematical com- mentary. Exploring di- agrammes dans un commentaire math#19;ematique en langue sanskrite datant du VII#18;eme si#18;ecle: A. Keller is a French CNRS researcher working on medieval sanskrit mathematics but also

194

Deconstructing the concept of the healthy eater self-schematic: relations to dietary intake, weight and eating cognitions.  

PubMed

This study investigated differences in dietary intake, weight status, food preoccupation, and attributions about healthy eating lapses between individuals classified as healthy eater self-schematics and nonschematics. The study also assessed whether the separate dimensions of the self-schema construct (self-description as a healthy eater and perceived importance of being a healthy eater to self-image) are related to these health outcomes. College students (N=125; 82% female) completed questionnaires assessing healthy eater self-schema status, dietary intake, weight status, food preoccupation, and lapse attributions. Results revealed that females who were classified as healthy eater self-schematics ate more fruits and vegetables, ate less junk food and had lower BMIs than nonschematics. Healthy eater self-schematics also engaged in more positive thoughts and fewer negative thoughts about food, made less stable attributions about lapses in healthy eating and endorsed more personal control over lapses. When the two dimensions of the self-schema were examined separately, self-description appeared to be more related to these outcomes than perceived importance. PMID:22365791

Holub, Shayla C; Haney, Ann M; Roelse, Holly

2012-04-01

195

Development and testing of laser Doppler system components for wake vortex monitoring. Volume 2: Scanner operations manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The theory and operation of the scanner portion of the laser Doppler system for detecting and monitoring aircraft trailing vortices in an airport environment are discussed. Schematics, wiring diagrams, component values, and operation and checkout procedures are included.

Edwards, B. B.; Coffey, E. W.

1974-01-01

196

Wire insulation defect detector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wiring defects are located by detecting a reflected signal that is developed when an arc occurs through the defect to a nearby ground. The time between the generation of the signal and the return of the reflected signal provides an indication of the distance of the arc (and therefore the defect) from the signal source. To ensure arcing, a signal is repeated at gradually increasing voltages while the wire being tested and a nearby ground are immersed in a conductive medium. In order to ensure that the arcing occurs at an identifiable time, the signal whose reflection is to be detected is always made to reach the highest potential yet seen by the system.

Greulich, Owen R. (Inventor)

2004-01-01

197

Wiring for aerospace applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, the authors summarize the current state of knowledge of arc propagation in aerospace power wiring and efforts by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) towards the understanding of the arc tracking phenomena in space environments. Recommendations will be made for additional testing. A database of the performance of commonly used insulating materials will be developed to support the design of advanced high power missions, such as Space Station Freedom and Lunar/Mars Exploration.

Christian, J. L., Jr.; Dickman, J. E.; Bercaw, R. W.; Myers, I. T.; Hammoud, A. N.; Stavnes, M.; Evans, J.

1992-01-01

198

Understanding Guitar Wiring  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This zipped file provides a number of documents which will help students understand the particulars of guitar wiring. The documents cover the three-way toggle switch, the 5-way lever-action switch, magnetic pick-ups, mini toggle switches, output jacks, selector switches and other details. Once the zipped file is downloaded, the documents (which are in Microsoft Word doc file format) may be viewed.

2012-08-13

199

Barkowsky, T., Latecki, L. J., & Richter, K.-F. (2000). Schematizing maps: Simplification of geographic shape by discrete curve evolution. In C. Freksa, W. Brauer, C. Habel, & K. F.  

E-print Network

waters. As a conse- quence, schematic maps often convey qualitative spatial concepts thus adaptingBarkowsky, T., Latecki, L. J., & Richter, K.-F. (2000). Schematizing maps: Simplification applications (pp. 41-53). Berlin: Springer. Schematizing Maps: Simplification of Geographic Shape by Discrete

Latecki, Longin Jan

200

Figure S1.Technical diagram of the 1-by-3 tandem differential mobility analyzer (cf. schematic diagram shown in Figure 1). Relative humidity sensors are located at positions RH,  

E-print Network

analyzers with open-loop sheath-air flow (labeled S2c) are depicted in detail in Figure S2. Humidity valve used for on-off flow control; MFC, mass flow controller; T, temperature sensor; CA, filtered3 CFM6MCF5 T T T Figure S2 c. Differential mobility analzyer with open sheath-air flow b. Relative

201

Manually Operated Welding Wire Feeder  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A manual welding wire feeder apparatus comprising a bendable elongate metal frame with a feed roller mounted at the center thereof for rotation about an axis transverse to the longitudinal axis of the frame. The frame ends are turned up as tabs and each provided with openings in alignment with each other and the mid-width center of the roller surface. The tab openings are sized to accommodate welding wire and each extends to a side edge of the tab, both opening on the same side of the frame, whereby welding wire can be side-loaded onto the frame. On the side of the frame, opposite the roller a lock ring handle is attached tangentially and is rotatable about the attachment point and an axis perpendicular to the frame. The device is grasped in the hand normally used to hold the wire. A finger is placed through the loop ring and the frame positioned across the palm and lower fingers. The thumb is positioned atop the wire so it can be moved from the back of the frame across the roller, and towards the front. In doing so, the wire is advanced at a steady rate in axial alignment with the tab openings and roller. To accommodate different wire diameters the frame is bendable about its center in the plane of the frame axis and wire so as to keep the wire in sufficient tension against the roller and to keep the wire fixed when the frame is tilted and thumb pressure released.

Rybicki, Daniel J. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

202

Hero's journey in bifurcation diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The hero's journey is a narrative structure identified by several authors in comparative studies on folklore and mythology. This storytelling template presents the stages of inner metamorphosis undergone by the protagonist after being called to an adventure. In a simplified version, this journey is divided into three acts separated by two crucial moments. Here we propose a discrete-time dynamical system for representing the protagonist's evolution. The suffering along the journey is taken as the control parameter of this system. The bifurcation diagram exhibits stationary, periodic and chaotic behaviors. In this diagram, there are transition from fixed point to chaos and transition from limit cycle to fixed point. We found that the values of the control parameter corresponding to these two transitions are in quantitative agreement with the two critical moments of the three-act hero's journey identified in 10 movies appearing in the list of the 200 worldwide highest-grossing films.

Monteiro, L. H. A.; Mustaro, P. N.

2012-06-01

203

Dual wire welding torch and method  

SciTech Connect

A welding torch includes a nozzle with a first welding wire guide configured to orient a first welding wire in a first welding wire orientation, and a second welding wire guide configured to orient a second welding wire in a second welding wire orientation that is non-coplanar and divergent with respect to the first welding wire orientation. A method of welding includes moving a welding torch with respect to a workpiece joint to be welded. During moving the welding torch, a first welding wire is fed through a first welding wire guide defining a first welding wire orientation and a second welding wire is fed through a second welding wire guide defining a second welding wire orientation that is divergent and non-coplanar with respect to the first welding wire orientation.

Diez, Fernando Martinez (Peoria, IL); Stump, Kevin S. (Sherman, IL); Ludewig, Howard W. (Groveland, IL); Kilty, Alan L. (Peoria, IL); Robinson, Matthew M. (Peoria, IL); Egland, Keith M. (Peoria, IL)

2009-04-28

204

Phase Diagrams and Chemographic Projections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise is a good way to get students thinking about the phase rule, metastable and stable reactions and phase diagrams. The exercise contains a lot of reading, and is suitable for in-class work or for homework. The idea is that students can do this on their own with little help from their instructor. The students only answer a few questions making this is more of a tutorial than a worksheet.

Perkins, Dexter

205

T-X Phase Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a 15 page tutorial and problem set designed to get students familiar with T-X diagrams, their implications, and uses. Students start by reading but, after 10-15 minutes, the room becomes noisy as they work their way through the questions at the end. Often there are "Eureka" moments as they all of a sudden grasp some fundamental principles. It is also interesting to hear them try to explain these insights to others.

Perkins, Dexter

206

Causal diagrams in systems epidemiology  

PubMed Central

Methods of diagrammatic modelling have been greatly developed in the past two decades. Outside the context of infectious diseases, systematic use of diagrams in epidemiology has been mainly confined to the analysis of a single link: that between a disease outcome and its proximal determinant(s). Transmitted causes ("causes of causes") tend not to be systematically analysed. The infectious disease epidemiology modelling tradition models the human population in its environment, typically with the exposure-health relationship and the determinants of exposure being considered at individual and group/ecological levels, respectively. Some properties of the resulting systems are quite general, and are seen in unrelated contexts such as biochemical pathways. Confining analysis to a single link misses the opportunity to discover such properties. The structure of a causal diagram is derived from knowledge about how the world works, as well as from statistical evidence. A single diagram can be used to characterise a whole research area, not just a single analysis - although this depends on the degree of consistency of the causal relationships between different populations - and can therefore be used to integrate multiple datasets. Additional advantages of system-wide models include: the use of instrumental variables - now emerging as an important technique in epidemiology in the context of mendelian randomisation, but under-used in the exploitation of "natural experiments"; the explicit use of change models, which have advantages with respect to inferring causation; and in the detection and elucidation of feedback. PMID:22429606

2012-01-01

207

Designing UML diagrams for technical documentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a framework for improving the presentation of Unified Modeling Language (UML) diagrams, as applied in technical documentation produced at the IBM Toronto Software Laboratory. UML diagrams are a key part of program design. They can enhance understanding of complex programming concepts, and assist in problem analysis and solution design. In turn, UML diagrams can add significant value

Neil MacKinnon; Steve Murphy

2003-01-01

208

Arrows in Comprehending and Producing Mechanical Diagrams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mechanical systems have structural organizations--parts, and their relations--and functional organizations--temporal, dynamic, and causal processes--which can be explained using text or diagrams. Two experiments illustrate the role of arrows in diagrams of mechanical systems. In Experiment 1, people described diagrams with or without arrows,…

Heiser, Julie; Tversky, Barbara

2006-01-01

209

Guelph Physics Tutorials: Free Body Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers a tutorial on free body diagrams. The tutorial includes an introduction to free body diagrams, example problems, a series of self-paced questions, and a free body diagram java applet. This is part of series of tutorials on physics and mathematics used in physics classes.

2007-04-23

210

Data management system CIU and DIU. Appendix A: CIU and DIU schematics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computer Interface Unit (CIU) and the Data Interface Unit (DIU) of the Data Management System (DMS) were described as to their functional location, purpose and function. This describes the CIU and DIU at the unit level illustrating their interface thru the Data Bus (DBUS) and to other DMS units. All unit level interfaces are defined as to function and characteristics. The controls, indicators, test points and connectors are listed and function, location and application are described for each. The mechanical configuration is defined and illustrated to provide card and component location for modification or repair purposes. Unique disassembly and assembly requirements are outlined where applicable. A unit internal functional block diagram level description is provided.

1975-01-01

211

Rapid electrothermal treatment of wire  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.The RETT method can be used for treating low-carbon steels used in manufacturing round cable wire of moderate strength sb = 160–180 kgf\\/mm2, shaped cable wire of large size (Z6, Z5) with a strength of 120–130 kgf\\/mm2, and reinforcing bars sb = 100–110 kgf\\/mm2.2.The REP method can be used for manufacturing cable or spring wire of medium-carbon steels with a

Yu. Ya. Meshkov; N. F. Chernenko

1977-01-01

212

WIRE, SOFIA and SIRTF  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

WIRE, SOFIA and SIRTF are three planned NASA missions for infrared astronomy. Each will make significant contributions to the study of exo-zodiacal dust, planetary debris disks, and/or the zodiacal material within our own solar system. These missions and their measurement and scientific capabilities are synopsized. The principal contribution of these missions to this field of study will be to establish and strengthen its intellectual foundations rather than to pinpoint specific targets for planetary searches. This is consistent with their relatively near-term availability. Moreover, this intellectual understanding can assure that subsequent missions approach this subject from a sound scientific perspective which will yield valuable results independent of the success of a particular planet finding strategy. Each of these missions - most urgently WIRE with its Fall, 1998 launch date - would make good use of a list of candidate target stars for exo-zodiacal/planet-finding studies. The preparation of such a list was one of the recommendations of the exo-zodiacal workshop.

Werner, Michael

1998-01-01

213

Improved superconducting magnet wire  

DOEpatents

This invention is directed to a superconducting tape or wire composed of alternating layers of copper and a niobium-containing superconductor such as niobium of NbTi, Nb/sub 3/Sn or Nb/sub 3/Ge. In general, each layer of the niobium-containing superconductor has a thickness in the range of about 0.05 to 1.5 times its coherence length (which for Nb/sub 3/Si is 41 A) with each copper layer having a thickness in the range of about 170 to 600 A. With the use of very thin layers of the niobium composition having a thickness within the desired range, the critical field (H/sub c/) may be increased by factors of 2 to 4. Also, the thin layers of the superconductor permit the resulting tape or wire to exhibit suitable ductility for winding on a magnet core. These compositions are also characterized by relatively high values of critical temperature and therefore will exhibit a combination of useful properties as superconductors.

Schuller, I.K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1983-08-16

214

Computer-aided design and fabrication of wire-wrap (trademark) type circuit boards: A new symbolism and its implementation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We define here an encoding symbolism that permits, with a minimum of statements, a thorough description of the numerous interconnections of complex electronic circuitry. This symbolism has been integrated at the Defence Research Establishment Valcartier in a computer-aided method that considerably eases the passage between an engineering electronic schematic and the related interconnection matrix required for Wire-Wrap (Trademark) hardware. Electronics prototyping has been dramatically speeded up with this technique because of the time savings in the preparatory reduction of interconnection data.

Montminy, B.; Carbonneau, R.; Laflamme, A.; Lessard, M.; Blanchard, A.

1982-02-01

215

Process for making composite ceramic superconducting wires  

SciTech Connect

A method for making a superconducting wire is described comprising the steps of: oxidizing a yttrium wire to create an oxidized yttrium wire; melting a barium-copper-oxide mixture to create a melted barium-copper-oxide mixture; coating the oxidized yttrium wire with the melted barium-copper oxide mixture; and annealing a resultant coated yttrium wire.

Hermann, A.M.; Zhengzhi Sheng; Shams, Q.A.

1993-06-08

216

Liftings of diagrams of semilattices by diagrams of dimension groups  

E-print Network

We investigate categorical and amalgamation properties of the functor Idc assigning to every partially ordered abelian group G its semilattice of compact ideals Idc G. Our main result is the following. Theorem 1. Every diagram of finite Boolean semilattices indexed by a finite dismantlable partially ordered set can be lifted, with respect to the Idc functor, by a diagram of pseudo-simplicial vector spaces. Pseudo-simplicial vector spaces are a special kind of finite-dimensional partially ordered vector spaces (over the rationals) with interpolation. The methods introduced make it also possible to prove the following ring-theoretical result. Theorem 2. For any countable distributive join-semilattices S and T and any field K, any (v,0)-homomorphism $f: S\\to T$ can be lifted, with respect to the Idc functor on rings, by a homomorphism $f: A\\to B$ of K-algebras, for countably dimensional locally matricial algebras A and B over K. We also state a lattice-theoretical analogue of Theorem 2 (with respect to the Conc functor, and we provide counterexamples to various related statements. In particular, we prove that the result of Theorem 1 cannot be achieved with simplicial vector spaces alone.

Jiri Tuma; Friedrich Wehrung

2005-01-22

217

Liftings of diagrams of semilattices by diagrams of dimension groups.  

E-print Network

We investigate categorical and amalgamation properties of the functor Idc assigning to every partially ordered abelian group G its semilattice of compact ideals Idc G. Our main result is the following. Theorem 1. Every diagram of finite Boolean semilattices indexed by a finite dismantlable partially ordered set can be lifted, with respect to the Idc functor, by a diagram of pseudo-simplicial vector spaces. Pseudo-simplicial vector spaces are a special kind of finite-dimensional partially ordered vector spaces (over the rationals) with interpolation. The methods introduced make it also possible to prove the following ring-theoretical result. Theorem 2. For any countable distributive join-semilattices S and T and any field K, any (v,0)-homomorphism $f: S\\to T$ can be lifted, with respect to the Idc functor on rings, by a homomorphism $f: A\\to B$ of K-algebras, for countably dimensional locally matricial algebras A and B over K. We also state a lattice-theoretical analogue of Theorem 2 (with respect to the Conc functor, and we provide counterexamples to various related statements. In particular, we prove that the result of Theorem 1 cannot be achieved with simplicial vector spaces alone.

Jiri Tuma (MFF-UK); Friedrich Wehrung (LMNO).; no. 3 (2003) 1--28

218

Manufacture and quality control of interconnecting wire hardnesses, Volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A standard is presented for manufacture, installation, and quality control of eight types of interconnecting wire harnesses. The processes, process controls, and inspection and test requirements reflected are based on acknowledgment of harness design requirements, acknowledgment of harness installation requirements, identification of the various parts, materials, etc., utilized in harness manufacture, and formulation of a typical manufacturing flow diagram for identification of each manufacturing and quality control process, operation, inspection, and test. The document covers interconnecting wire harnesses defined in the design standard, including type 1, enclosed in fluorocarbon elastomer convolute, tubing; type 2, enclosed in TFE convolute tubing lines with fiberglass braid; type 3, enclosed in TFE convolute tubing; and type 5, combination of types 3 and 4. Knowledge gained through experience on the Saturn 5 program coupled with recent advances in techniques, materials, and processes was incorporated.

1972-01-01

219

Phase diagrams of polyelectrolyte solutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the phase diagram of polyelectrolyte solutions in salt and salt-free environments. We examine the phase behavior of polyelectrolyte solutions, in the semidilute regime, using different physical models, namely the Random Phase Approximation (RPA) and the cross-linked model. In the RPA, we calculate the electrostatic free energy by summing all the fluctuations of the chains and all present ionic species. Within this approximation, the phase diagrams of salt-free polyelectrolyte solutions show phase separation even without including short-range attractions or ion condensation. We find that the phase behavior of large chains resembles the phase diagram of polymer network solutions. That is, the equilibrium is established between a network phase and a chain-free phase. Upon the addition of salt, the dissociated ions increase the entropy of the system and overcome the energy from the electrostatic fluctuations. When the short-range attraction between monomers is included in the model, the free energy predicts phase segregation for all salt valences at high salt concentrations (1 mol/l and higher). The phenomenon is called salting-out and occurs simply because the addition of salt reduces the quality of the solvent and induces precipitation. However, phase segregation in the presence of multivalent ions in polyelectrolyte solutions occurs at low salt concentrations (less than 1 mol/l). We propose that this phase separation is due to polyions cross-linked by multivalent ions. We constructed a phenomenological two-state model to examine this phenomenon. The two phases coexisting in the solution are a network-like phase and a polymer-free phase. The polymer-free phase is modeled using Debye-Huckel theory. In the cross-linked phase, each condensed multivalent ion attracts an equal number of monomers creating a neutral cluster. The energy of the cluster is evaluated by a simple Coulombic energy. The bare monomer charges between the linkages are treated as line of charges. The cross-linked model solves self-consistently for the fraction of multivalent ions and counterions condensed along the polyions. The calculated phase diagram predicts the precipitation found experimentally; however, it fails to predict the redissolution transition at higher salt concentrations.

Mahdi, Khaled A.

220

Aircraft wiring program status report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) Aircraft Division status report, the general and wire and cable component activities, the systems engineering activities, the aircraft wiring lead maintenance activities, the NAVAIR/NASA interface activities, and the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission recommendations are presented.

Beach, Rex

1995-11-01

221

Aircraft wiring program status report  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) Aircraft Division status report, the general and wire and cable component activities, the systems engineering activities, the aircraft wiring lead maintenance activities, the NAVAIR\\/NASA interface activities, and the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission recommendations are presented.

Rex Beach

1995-01-01

222

Pin Wire Coating Trip Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

A meeting to discuss the current pin wire coating problems was held at the Reynolds plant in Los Angeles on 2MAR04. The attendance list for Reynolds personnel is attached. there was an initial presentation which gave a brief history and the current status of pin wire coating at Reynolds. There was a presentation by Lori Primus on the requirements and

Spellman

2004-01-01

223

Aircraft wiring program status report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) Aircraft Division status report, the general and wire and cable component activities, the systems engineering activities, the aircraft wiring lead maintenance activities, the NAVAIR/NASA interface activities, and the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission recommendations are presented.

Beach, Rex

1995-01-01

224

Wire and Packing Tape Sandwiches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how students can combine craft wire with clear packing tape to create a two-dimensional design that can be bent and twisted to create a three-dimensional form. Students sandwich wire designs between two layers of tape. (Contains 1 online resource.)

Rabinowitz, Sandy

2009-01-01

225

Welding wire pressure sensor assembly  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention relates to a device which is used to monitor the position of a filler wire relative to a base material being welded as the filler wire is added to a welding pool. The device is applicable to automated welding systems wherein nonconsumable electrode arc welding processes are utilized in conjunction with a filler wire which is added to a weld pool created by the electrode arc. The invention senses pressure deviations from a predetermined pressure between the filler wire and the base material, and provides electrical signals responsive to the deviations for actuating control mechanisms in an automatic welding apparatus so as to minimize the pressure deviation and to prevent disengagement of the contact between the filler wire and the base material.

Morris, Timothy B. (inventor); Milly, Peter F., Sr. (inventor); White, J. Kevin (inventor)

1994-01-01

226

NASA SpaceWire Status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Three projects are developing SpaceWire upper layer protocols: JWST, LRO, GOES-R. JWST protocol development was complete before Protocol ID field was introduced to the standard. Commanding is done by using CCD5 packets tunneled through SpaceWire. Science Data packet is optimized for implementation specific requirements. Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRD) investigated using the SnP Rmap protocol but chose to use CCSDS tunneled through SpaceWire. GOES-R is using CCDS tunneled through SpaceWire with project developed Reliable Delivery protocol. Reliable Delivery protocol may be used to replace MIL-STD-1553 for other mission. CCDS is the native format for the software bus for many NASA GSFC missions and therefore it is a natural packet format to tunnel through SpaceWire.

Rakow, Glenn Parker

2005-01-01

227

Wavepacket Evolution in Quantum Wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A lattice method for computing the time-dependent wavepacket of an electron confined to a quantum (nanometer--size) wire in the presence of an ionic impurity will be presented. The method allows us to determine the electron's energy spectrum as a function of wire radius and of impurity position relative to the wire axis. The approach requires very little input to achieve convergence, is basis set independent, and seems to exhibit improved stability over other methods. ( L. Zhang, J. M. Feagin, V. Engel and A. Nakano, Phys. Rev. A49), 3457 (1994). We have begun to investigate the wire's conductivity and impedance and have found that the inherent, usually extreme, spreading of the wavepacket raises basic questions regarding the electron's arrival and departure in the wire.

Stevens, R. E.; Silva, E. R.; Feagin, J. M.

1998-05-01

228

Nano-storage wires.  

PubMed

We report the development of "nano-storage wires" (NSWs), which can store chemical species and release them at a desired moment via external electrical stimuli. Here, using the electrodeposition process through an anodized aluminum oxide template, we fabricated multisegmented nanowires composed of a polypyrrole segment containing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules, a ferromagnetic nickel segment, and a conductive gold segment. Upon the application of a negative bias voltage, the NSWs released ATP molecules for the control of motor protein activities. Furthermore, NSWs can be printed onto various substrates including flexible or three-dimensional structured substrates by direct writing or magnetic manipulation strategies to build versatile chemical storage devices. Since our strategy provides a means to store and release chemical species in a controlled manner, it should open up various applications such as drug delivery systems and biochips for the controlled release of chemicals. PMID:23859333

Lee, Dong Jun; Kim, Eunji; Kim, Daesan; Park, Juhun; Hong, Seunghun

2013-08-27

229

29 CFR 1919.79 - Wire rope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification of Shore-Based Material Handling Devices § 1919.79 Wire rope. (a) Wire rope and replacement wire rope shall...

2010-07-01

230

Process Flow Diagrams for Training and Operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper focuses on the use of process flow diagrams for training first responders who execute search and seizure warrants at electronic crime scenes. A generic process flow framework is presented, and the design goals and layout characteristics of process flow diagrams are discussed. An evaluation of the process flow diagrams used in training courses indicates that they are beneficial to first responders performing searches and seizures, and they speed up investigations, including those conducted by experienced personnel.

Venter, Jacobus

231

Hubble's diagram and cosmic expansion  

PubMed Central

Edwin Hubble's classic article on the expanding universe appeared in PNAS in 1929 [Hubble, E. P. (1929) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 15, 168–173]. The chief result, that a galaxy's distance is proportional to its redshift, is so well known and so deeply embedded into the language of astronomy through the Hubble diagram, the Hubble constant, Hubble's Law, and the Hubble time, that the article itself is rarely referenced. Even though Hubble's distances have a large systematic error, Hubble's velocities come chiefly from Vesto Melvin Slipher, and the interpretation in terms of the de Sitter effect is out of the mainstream of modern cosmology, this article opened the way to investigation of the expanding, evolving, and accelerating universe that engages today's burgeoning field of cosmology. PMID:14695886

Kirshner, Robert P.

2004-01-01

232

Phase diagram of ammonium nitrate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ammonium Nitrate (AN) has often subjected to uses in improvised explosive devices, due to its wide availability as a fertilizer and its capability of becoming explosive with slight additions of organic and inorganic compounds. Yet, the origin of enhanced energetic properties of impure AN (or AN mixtures) is neither chemically unique nor well understood -resulting in rather catastrophic disasters in the past1 and thereby a significant burden on safety in using ammonium nitrates even today. To remedy this situation, we have carried out an extensive study to investigate the phase stability of AN at high pressure and temperature, using diamond anvil cells and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The present results confirm the recently proposed phase IV-to-IV' transition above 17 GPa2 and provide new constraints for the melting and phase diagram of AN to 40 GPa and 400 °C.

Dunuwille, M.; Yoo, C. S.

2014-05-01

233

PHASE DIAGRAMS and MACROMOLECULAR STABILITY  

E-print Network

. Shifts in second derivative UV peak position as a function of pH and temperature. 17 Figure 3. Phase diagram created using high- resolution second derivative UV spectroscopy data. 4 5 6 7 8 pH 10 20 30 40 50 T Ricin- - 2nd Derivative UV Figure 4....25 ?g/mL, circles) and aggregate (19.17 ?g/mL, triangles) species in 25 mM Tris, 300 mM NaCl, 4 mM CaCl2, pH 7 Grillo et al. Biochemistry, 40 (2), 586 -595, 2001 53 (A) Effect of temperature on rhFVIII fluorescence emission intensity at 330 nm. (B...

Middaugh, C. Russell

2006-10-26

234

Some remarks about underused Loedel diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We emphasize that it can be didactically very useful for students to realize how a space-time diagram of an observer, moving with a constant velocity with respect to another observer, can be obtained easily by means of a standard matrix of rotation, without recourse to imaginary axes and angles. These diagrams were introduced for the first time by Loedel and their main advantage over Minkowski diagrams is that a scale factor is not necessary to convert the units of an observer to those of another observer. We show this well-known property of Loedel diagrams using a new geometric approach.

Benedetto, E.; Capriolo, M.; Feoli, A.; Tucci, D.

2013-01-01

235

Requirements for printed wiring boards  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to maintain the high standards of the NASA printed wiring programs, this publication: prescribes NASA's requirements for assuring reliable rigid printed wiring boards; describes and incorporates basic considerations necessary to assure reliable rigid printed wiring boards; establishes the supplier's responsibility to train and certify personnel; provides for supplier documentation of the fabrication and inspection procedures to be used for NASA work, including supplier innovations and changes in technology; and provides visual workmanship standards to aid those responsible for determining quality conformance to the established requirements.

1984-01-01

236

Demonstrating Forces between Parallel Wires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a physics demonstration that dramatically illustrates the mutual repulsion (attraction) between parallel conductors using insulated copper wire, wooden dowels, a high direct current power supply, electrical tape, and an overhead projector. (WRM)

Baker, Blane

2000-01-01

237

Self-bound quark matter in the NJL model revisited: from schematic droplets to domain-wall solitons  

E-print Network

The existence and the properties of self-bound quark matter in the NJL model at zero temperature are investigated in mean-field approximation, focusing on inhomogeneous structures with one-dimensional spatial modulations. It is found that the most stable homogeneous solutions which have previously been interpreted as schematic quark droplets are unstable against formation of a one-dimensional soliton-antisoliton lattice. The solitons repel each other, so that the minimal energy per quark is realized in the single-soliton limit. The properties of the solitons and their interactions are discussed in detail, and the effect of vector interactions is estimated. The results may be relevant for the dynamics of expanding quark matter.

Michael Buballa; Stefano Carignano

2012-10-26

238

Synthesis of Magnesium Diboride Wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnesium diboride, MgB2, has been of great interest recently due to its high superconducting transition temperature for a material which exhibits properties similar to classical (BCS) superconductors. It has been found that wire segments of MgB2 can be prepared by exposing commercial boron coated filaments to magnesium vapor. This research has shown that the critical current of such wires is

Paul Canfield; Sergei Bud'Ko; Douglas Finnemore Anderson Jr.

2002-01-01

239

Smart Wire Grid: Resisting Expectations  

ScienceCinema

Smart Wire Grid's DSR technology (Discrete Series Reactor) can be quickly deployed on electrical transmission lines to create intelligent mesh networks capable of quickly rerouting electricity to get power where and when it's needed the most. With their recent ARPA-E funding, Smart Wire Grid has been able to move from prototype and field testing to building out a US manufacturing operation in just under a year.

Ramsay, Stewart; Lowe, DeJim

2014-04-09

240

Unstable Behavior in Exploding Wire Array  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although considerable investigations have been reported on z-pinches to achieve nuclear fusion, little attention has been given from the point of view of how a wire array consisting of many parallel wires explodes. In this paper, the unstable behavior of a wire array is investigated. The instability occurs by the deviation from the homogeneous current flow through many wires. The

Naoyuki Shimomura; Masayoshi Nagata; Yusuke Teramoto; Hidenori Akiyama

2000-01-01

241

Spring control of wire harness loops  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Negator spring control guides wire harness between movable and fixed structure. It prevents electrical wire harness loop from jamming or being severed as wire moves in response to changes in position of aircraft rudder. Spring-loaded coiled cable controls wire loop regardless of rudder movement.

Curcio, P. J.

1979-01-01

242

DECISION DIAGRAMS AND PASS TRANSISTOR LOGIC SYNTHESIS  

E-print Network

DECISION DIAGRAMS AND PASS TRANSISTOR LOGIC SYNTHESIS V. Bertacco S. Minato P. Verplaetse L. Benini by ARPA, under grant No. DABT63-95-C-0049. #12;Decision Diagrams and Pass Transistor Logic Synthesis V transistors and domino logic. The synthesis of these cells is based on BDD and ZBDD representations

De Micheli, Giovanni

243

THE QCD PHASE DIAGRAM AT FINITE DENSITY.  

SciTech Connect

We study the density of states method to explore the phase diagram of the chiral transition on the temperature and quark chemical potential plane. Four quark flavours are used in the analysis. Though the method is quite expensive small lattices show an indication for a triple-point connecting three different phases on the phase diagram.

SCHMIDT, C.; FODOR, Z.; KATZ, S.

2005-07-25

244

Voronoi diagrams based on convex distance functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an “expanding waves” view of Voronoi diagrams that allows such diagrams to be defined for very general metrics and for distance measures that do not qualify as metrics. If a pebble is dropped into a still pond, circular waves move out from the point of impact. If n pebbles are dropped simultaneously, the places where wave fronts meet

L. Paul Chew

1985-01-01

245

Locational optimization problems solved through Voronoi diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews a class of continuous locational optimization problems (where an optimal location or an optimal configuration of facilities is found in a continuum on a plane or a network) that can be solved through the Voronoi diagram. Eight types of continuous locational optimization problems are formulated, and these problems are solved through the ordinary Voronoi diagram, the farthest-point

Atsuyuki Okabe; Atsuo Suzuki

1997-01-01

246

A sweepline algorithm for Voronoi diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a transformation that can be used to compute Voronoi diagrams with a sweepline technique. The transformation is used to obtain simple algorithms for computing the Voronoi diagram of point sites, of line segment sites, and of weighted point sites. All algorithms have &Ogr;(n log n) worst case running time and use &Ogr;(n) space.

Steven Fortune

1986-01-01

247

Feynman Diagrams and the Quantum Stochastic Calculus  

E-print Network

We present quantum stochastic calculus in terms of diagrams taking weights in the algebra of observables of some quantum system. In particular, we note the absence of non-time-consecutive Goldstien diagrams. We review recent results in Markovian limits in these terms.

John Gough

2004-11-09

248

Visualizing hyperbolic Voronoi diagrams Frank Nielsen  

E-print Network

Visualizing hyperbolic Voronoi diagrams Frank Nielsen Sony Computer Science Laboratories, Japan simultaneously the diagram in the five standard models of hyperbolic geometry: Namely, the Poincar�e disk for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed

Nielsen, Frank

249

HTS Wire Development Workshop: Proceedings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1994 High-Temperature Superconducting Wire Development Workshop was held on February 16-17 at the St. Petersburg Hilton and Towers in St. Petersburg, Florida. The meeting was hosted by Florida Power Corporation and sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Superconductivity Program for Electric Power Systems. The meeting focused on recent high-temperature superconducting wire development activities in the Department of Energy's Superconductivity Systems program. The meeting opened with a general discussion on the needs and benefits of superconductivity from a utility perspective, the US global competitiveness position, and an outlook on the overall prospects of wire development. The meeting then focused on four important technology areas: (1) Wire characterization: issues and needs; (2) technology for overcoming barriers: weak links and flux pinning; (3) manufacturing issues for long wire lengths; and (4) physical properties of HTS coils. Following in-depth presentations, working groups were formed in each technology area to discuss the most important current research and development issues. The working groups identified research areas that have the potential for greatly enhancing the wire development effort. These areas are discussed in the summary reports from each of the working groups. This document is a compilation of the workshop proceedings including all general session presentations and summary reports from the working groups.

1994-07-01

250

HTS Wire Development Workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The 1994 High-Temperature Superconducting Wire Development Workshop was held on February 16--17 at the St. Petersburg Hilton and Towers in St. Petersburg, Florida. The meeting was hosted by Florida Power Corporation and sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Program for Electric Power Systems. The meeting focused on recent high-temperature superconducting wire development activities in the Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Systems program. The meeting opened with a general discussion on the needs and benefits of superconductivity from a utility perspective, the US global competitiveness position, and an outlook on the overall prospects of wire development. The meeting then focused on four important technology areas: Wire characterization: issues and needs; technology for overcoming barriers: weak links and flux pinning; manufacturing issues for long wire lengths; and physical properties of HTS coils. Following in-depth presentations, working groups were formed in each technology area to discuss the most important current research and development issues. The working groups identified research areas that have the potential for greatly enhancing the wire development effort. These areas are discussed in the summary reports from each of the working groups. This document is a compilation of the workshop proceedings including all general session presentations and summary reports from the working groups.

Not Available

1994-07-01

251

49 CFR 236.76 - Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus. 236.76 ...APPLIANCES Rules and Instructions: All Systems Wires and Cables § 236.76 Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with...

2012-10-01

252

49 CFR 236.76 - Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus. 236.76 ...APPLIANCES Rules and Instructions: All Systems Wires and Cables § 236.76 Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with...

2010-10-01

253

49 CFR 236.76 - Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus. 236.76 ...APPLIANCES Rules and Instructions: All Systems Wires and Cables § 236.76 Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with...

2013-10-01

254

49 CFR 236.76 - Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus. 236.76 ...APPLIANCES Rules and Instructions: All Systems Wires and Cables § 236.76 Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with...

2011-10-01

255

Operations space diagram for ECRH and ECCD  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Clemmov-Mullaly-Allis (CMA) type diagram, the ECW-CMA diagram, for representing the operational possibilities of electron cyclotron heating and current drive (ECRH/ECCD) systems for fusion plasmas is presented. In this diagram, with normalized density and normalized magnetic field coordinates, the parameter range in which it is possible to achieve a given task (e.g. O-mode current drive for stabilizing a neoclassical tearing mode) appears as a region. With also the Greenwald density limit shown, this diagram condenses the information on operational possibilities, facilitating the overview required at the design phase. At the operations phase it may also prove useful in setting up experimental scenarios by showing operational possibilities, avoiding the need for survey type ray-tracing at the initial planning stages. The diagram may also serve the purpose of communicating operational possibilities to non-experts. JET and ITER like plasmas are used, but the method is generic.

Bindslev, Henrik

2004-07-01

256

Reading fitness landscape diagrams through HSAB concepts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fitness landscapes are conceived as range of mountains, with local peaks and valleys. In terms of potential, such topographic variations indicate places of local instability or stability. The chemical potential, or electronegativity, its value changed of sign, carries similar information. In addition to chemical descriptors defined through hard-soft acid-base (HSAB) concepts and computed through density functional theory (DFT), the principles that rule chemical reactions allow the design of such landscape diagrams. The simplest diagram uses electrophilicity and hardness as coordinates. It allows examining the influence of maximum hardness or minimum electrophilicity principles. A third dimension is introduced within such a diagram by mapping the topography of electronegativity, polarizability or charge exchange. Introducing charge exchange during chemical reactions, or mapping a third parameter (f.i. polarizability) reinforces the information carried by a simple binary diagram. Examples of such diagrams are provided, using data from Earth Sciences, simple oxides or ligands.

Vigneresse, Jean-Louis

2014-10-01

257

Free-Body Diagrams: Necessary or Sufficient?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Rutgers PAER group is working to help students develop various scientific abilities. One of the abilities is to create, understand and learn to use for qualitative reasoning and problem solving different representations of physical processes such as pictorial representations, motion diagrams, free-body diagrams, and energy bar charts. Physics education literature indicates that using multiple representations is beneficial for student understanding of physics ideas and for problem solving. We developed a special approach to construct and utilize free-body diagrams for representing physical phenomena and for problem solving. We will examine whether students draw free-body diagrams in solving problems when they know they will not receive credit for it; the consistency of their use in different conceptual areas; and if students who use free-body diagrams while solving problems in different areas of physics are more successful then those who do not.

Rosengrant, David; Van Heuvelen, A.; Etkina, Eugenia

2009-11-30

258

1 mil gold bond wire study.  

SciTech Connect

In microcircuit fabrication, the diameter and length of a bond wire have been shown to both affect the current versus fusing time ratio of a bond wire as well as the gap length of the fused wire. This study investigated the impact of current level on the time-to-open and gap length of 1 mil by 60 mil gold bond wires. During the experiments, constant current was provided for a control set of bond wires for 250ms, 410ms and until the wire fused; non-destructively pull-tested wires for 250ms; and notched wires. The key findings were that as the current increases, the gap length increases and 73% of the bond wires will fuse at 1.8A, and 100% of the wires fuse at 1.9A within 60ms. Due to the limited scope of experiments and limited data analyzed, further investigation is encouraged to confirm these observations.

Huff, Johnathon; McLean, Michael B.; Jenkins, Mark W.; Rutherford, Brian Milne

2013-05-01

259

Phase diagram of ammonium nitrate  

SciTech Connect

Ammonium Nitrate (AN) is a fertilizer, yet becomes an explosive upon a small addition of chemical impurities. The origin of enhanced chemical sensitivity in impure AN (or AN mixtures) is not well understood, posing significant safety issues in using AN even today. To remedy the situation, we have carried out an extensive study to investigate the phase stability of AN and its mixtures with hexane (ANFO–AN mixed with fuel oil) and Aluminum (Ammonal) at high pressures and temperatures, using diamond anvil cells (DAC) and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The results indicate that pure AN decomposes to N{sub 2}, N{sub 2}O, and H{sub 2}O at the onset of the melt, whereas the mixtures, ANFO and Ammonal, decompose at substantially lower temperatures. The present results also confirm the recently proposed phase IV-IV{sup ?} transition above 17 GPa and provide new constraints for the melting and phase diagram of AN to 40 GPa and 400°C.

Dunuwille, Mihindra; Yoo, Choong-Shik, E-mail: csyoo@wsu.edu [Department of Chemistry and Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 (United States)

2013-12-07

260

Fabrication of Pd-Cr wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fabrication of Pd-13 percent Cr alloy wires is described. Melting, casting, swaging and annealing processes are discussed. Drawing to reach two diameters (0.003 inch and 0.00176 inch) of wire is described. Representative micrographs of the Pd-Cr alloy at selected stages during wire fabrication are included. The resistance of the wire was somewhat lower, by about 15 to 20 percent, than comparable wire of other alloys used for strain gages.

Diamond, Sidney; Leach, Dennen M.

1989-01-01

261

Coulomb interaction effects on the Majorana states in quantum wires.  

PubMed

The stability of the Majorana modes in the presence of a repulsive interaction is studied in the standard semiconductor wire-metallic superconductor configuration. The effects of short-range Coulomb interaction, which is incorporated using a purely repulsive ?-function to model the strong screening effect due to the presence of the superconductor, are determined within a Hartree-Fock approximation of the effective Bogoliubov-De Gennes Hamiltonian that describes the low-energy physics of the wire. Through a numerical diagonalization procedure we obtain interaction corrections to the single particle eigenstates and calculate the extended topological phase diagram in terms of the chemical potential and the Zeeman energy. We find that, for a fixed Zeeman energy, the interaction shifts the phase boundaries to a higher chemical potential, whereas for a fixed chemical potential this shift can occur either at lower or higher Zeeman energies. These effects can be interpreted as a renormalization of the g-factor due to the interaction. The minimum Zeeman energy needed to realize Majorana fermions decreases with the increasing strength of the Coulomb repulsion. Furthermore, we find that in wires with multi-band occupancy this effect can be enhanced by increasing the chemical potential, i.e. by occupying higher energy bands. PMID:24722427

Manolescu, A; Marinescu, D C; Stanescu, T D

2014-04-30

262

Systems biology in psychiatric research: from complex data sets over wiring diagrams to computer simulations.  

PubMed

The classification of psychiatric disorders has always been a problem in clinical settings. The present debate about the major systems in clinical practice, DSM-IV and ICD-10, has resulted in attempts to improve and replace those schemes by some that include more endophenotypic and molecular features. However, these disorders not only require more precise diagnostic tools, but also have to be viewed more extensively in their dynamic behaviors, which require more precise data sets related to their origins and developments. This enormous challenge in brain research has to be approached on different levels of the biological system by new methods, including improvements in electroencephalography, brain imaging, and molecular biology. All these methods entail accumulations of large data sets that become more and more difficult to interpret. In particular, on the molecular level, there is an apparent need to use highly sophisticated computer programs to tackle these problems. Evidently, only interdisciplinary work among mathematicians, physicists, biologists, and clinicians can further improve our understanding of complex diseases of the brain. PMID:22231839

Tretter, Felix; Gebicke-Haerter, Peter J

2012-01-01

263

Structural and functional allostery wiring diagrams in GroEL/GroES  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Repeated cycling between distinct allosteric states is required for the functions of numerous biological nanomachines. Determining the specific residues that are responsible for transmitting allosteric signals is needed to understand their operation. Using structural perturbation analysis and evolutionary correlations of mutations of residues, we determine networks of key residues in molecular chaperonin GroEL and its cochaperonin GroES. GroEL is a molecular machine that rescues aggregation-prone misfolded proteins. Its functional cycle consists of a series of large-scale allosteric transitions between the T, R, R' and R'' states. The corresponding structural rearrangements facilitate substrate protein capture, refolding, and release. The networks of residues we find provide a microscopic foundation for the cooperativity of the allosteric transitions and a linkage between substrate protein binding and ATPase activity of GroEL.

Tehver, Riina; Chen, Jie; Thirumalai, D.

2009-03-01

264

Plucker environments, wiring and tiling diagrams, and weakly separated set-systems  

E-print Network

, and moreover, values on B can be chosen arbitrarily. 2 Central Institute of Economics and Mathematics of the RAS, 47, Nakhimovskii Prospect, 117418 Moscow, Russia; emails: danilov@cemi.rssi.ru (V.I. Danilov Oktyabrya, 117312 Moscow, Russia; email: sasha@cs.isa.ru. 1 #12;Such a basis does exist and the simplest

265

Demonstration of a backward wave in a single split ring resonator and wire loaded finline  

Microsoft Academic Search

A finline-based left-handed transmission line is presented and analyzed. The transmission line is periodically loaded by single split ring resonators and thin wires in order to synthesize a negative permeability and permittivity propagation medium. The propagation properties are computed by means of full-wave frequency analysis of scattering parameters from which the band diagram is derived. A backward wave behavior is

T. Decoopman; O. Vanbesien; D. Lippens

2004-01-01

266

Wire chambers revisited.  

PubMed

Detectors used for radioisotope imaging have, historically, been based on scintillating crystal/photomultiplier combinations in various forms. From the rectilinear scanner through to modern gamma cameras and positron cameras, the basic technology has remained much the same. Efforts to overcome the limitations of this form of technology have foundered on the inability to reproduce the required sensitivity, spatial resolution and sensitive area at acceptable cost. Multiwire proportional chambers (MWPCs) have long been used as position-sensitive charged particle detectors in nuclear and high-energy physics. MWPCs are large-area gas-filled ionisation chambers in which large arrays of fine wires are used to measure the position of ionisation produced in the gas by the passage of charged particles. The important properties of MWPCs are high-spatial-resolution, large-area, high-count-rate performance at low cost. For research applications, detectors several metres square have been built and small-area detectors have a charged particle resolution of 0.4 mm at a count rate of several million per second. Modification is required to MWPCs for nuclear medicine imaging. As gamma rays or X-rays cannot be detected directly, they must be converted into photo- or Compton scatter electrons. Photon-electron conversion requires the use of high atomic number materials in the body of the chamber. Pressurised xenon is the most useful form of "gas only" photon-electron convertor and has been used successfully in a gamma camera for the detection of gamma rays at energies below 100 keV. This camera has been developed specifically for high-count-rate first-pass cardiac imaging. This high-pressure xenon gas MWPC is the key to a highly competitive system which can outperform scintillator-based systems. The count rate performance is close to a million counts per second and the intrinsic spatial resolution is better than the best scintillator-based camera. The MWPC camera produces quantitative ejection fraction information of the highest quality. The detection of higher energy gamma rays has proved more problematical, needing a solid photon-electron convertor to be incorporated into the chamber. Several groups have been working on this problem with modest success so far. The only clinical detectors have been developed for positron emission tomography, where thin lead or lead-glass can provide an acceptable convertor for 511 keV photons. Two MWPC positron cameras have been evaluated clinically and one is now in routine use in clinical oncology. The problems of detection efficiency have not been solved by these detectors although reliability and large-area PET imaging have been proven.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:8491229

Ott, R J

1993-04-01

267

The Amplituhedron from Momentum Twistor Diagrams  

E-print Network

We propose a new diagrammatic formulation of the all-loop scattering amplitudes/Wilson loops in planar N=4 SYM, dubbed the "momentum-twistor diagrams". These are on-shell-diagrams obtained by gluing trivalent black and white vertices defined in momentum twistor space, which, in the reduced diagram case, are known to be related to diagrams in the original twistor space. The new diagrams are manifestly Yangian invariant, and they naturally represent factorization and forward-limit contributions in the all-loop BCFW recursion relations in momentum twistor space, in a fashion that is completely different from those in momentum space. We show how to construct and evaluate momentum-twistor diagrams, and how to use them to obtain tree-level amplitudes and loop-level integrands; in particular for the latter we identify an isolated bubble-structure for each loop variable, arising from a forward limit, or entangled removal of particles. From a given diagram one can directly read off the C, D matrices via a generalized "boundary measurement"; this in turn determines a cell in the amplituhedron associated with the amplitude, and our diagrammatic representations of the amplitude can provide triangulations of the amplituhedron with generally very intricate geometries. To demonstrate the computational power of the formalism, we give explicit results for general two-loop integrands, and the cells of the complete amplituhedron for two-loop MHV amplitudes.

Yuntao Bai; Song He

2014-08-11

268

30 CFR 75.906 - Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check...75.906 Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires. [Statutory Provisions] Trailing cables for...

2012-07-01

269

30 CFR 75.906 - Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check...75.906 Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires. [Statutory Provisions] Trailing cables for...

2013-07-01

270

30 CFR 75.906 - Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check...75.906 Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires. [Statutory Provisions] Trailing cables for...

2011-07-01

271

Figure 1: Schematic of a combined adaptive body bias and adaptive supply voltage adaptation scheme Process and Reliability Sensors for Nanoscale CMOS  

E-print Network

process variation effects. The first case study, demonstrated in silicon, shows how beat frequencies can along the spatial and temporal axes, are showing a markedly increasing trend. The net resultFigure 1: Schematic of a combined adaptive body bias and adaptive supply voltage adaptation scheme

Sapatnekar, Sachin

272

Physics Classroom: Drawing Free-Body Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tutorial explains how free body diagrams are used in solving problems involving Newton's Second Law. This tutorials demonstrates how to draw free body diagrams, what the diagram means to Physics, and includes practice problems for the student. This tutorial also includes other tutorials, animations, and student activities in other concepts of Physics. The Physics Classroom is a set of resources created for learners and teachers of high school physics. It includes comprehensive tutorials, problem sets with solutions, extra help for struggling students, Shockwave animations, multimedia learning modules, labs, and photo gallery.

Henderson, Tom

2011-10-03

273

ProofFlow: Flow Diagrams for Proofs  

E-print Network

We present a light formalism for proofs that encodes their inferential structure, along with a system that transforms these representations into flow-chart diagrams. Such diagrams should improve the comprehensibility of proofs. We discuss language syntax, diagram semantics, and our goal of building a repository of diagrammatic representations of proofs from canonical mathematical literature. The repository will be available online in the form of a wiki at proofflow.org, where the flow chart drawing software will be deployable through the wiki editor. We also consider the possibility of a semantic tagging of the assertions in a proof, to permit data mining.

Kieffer, Steven A

2012-01-01

274

Plasma arc torch with coaxial wire feed  

DOEpatents

A plasma arc welding apparatus having a coaxial wire feed. The apparatus includes a plasma arc welding torch, a wire guide disposed coaxially inside of the plasma arc welding torch, and a hollow non-consumable electrode. The coaxial wire guide feeds non-electrified filler wire through the tip of the hollow non-consumable electrode during plasma arc welding. Non-electrified filler wires as small as 0.010 inches can be used. This invention allows precision control of the positioning and feeding of the filler wire during plasma arc welding. Since the non-electrified filler wire is fed coaxially through the center of the plasma arc torch's electrode and nozzle, the wire is automatically aimed at the optimum point in the weld zone. Therefore, there is no need for additional equipment to position and feed the filler wire from the side before or during welding.

Hooper, Frederick M (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01

275

Architecture flow diagrams under teamwork reg sign  

SciTech Connect

The Teamwork CASE tool allows Data Flow Diagrams (DFDs) to be maintained for structured analysis. Fermilab has extended teamwork under UNIX{trademark} to permit Hatley and Pirbhai Architecture Flow Diagrams (AFDs) to be associated with DFDs and subsequently maintained. This extension, called TWKAFD, allows a user to open an AFD, graphically edit it, and replace it into a TWKAFD maintained library. Other aspects of Hatley and Pirbhai's methodology are supported. This paper presents a quick tutorial on Architecture Diagrams. It then describes the user's view of TWKAFD, the experience incorporating it into teamwork, and the successes with using the Architecture Diagram methodology along with the shortcomings of using the teamwork/TWKAFD tool. 8 refs.

Nicinski, T.

1992-02-01

276

Free energy diagrams for protein function.  

PubMed

Simplified representations can be powerful. Two common examples are sequence logos and ribbon diagrams. Both have been extraordinarily successful in capturing complex static features of sequences and structures. Capturing function is challenging, since activation involves triggered dynamic shifts between ON and OFF states. Here, we show that simple funnel drawings can capture and usefully portray proteins by their cellular triggering mechanism. The funnel shape around the proteins' native states can describe mechanisms of upstream signal integration and downstream response. "Function diagrams" are important: they can combine diverse biochemical data to visually distinguish among activation (or recruitment) mechanisms and tag proteins in cellular networks, clarifying their mechanism at a glance. We create templates for function classification and suggest that they can extend signaling pathway maps. Of note, the diagrams describe free energy landscapes; thus, they can be quantified. We name our dynamic free-energy diagrams dFEDs. PMID:24508196

Nussinov, Ruth; Tsai, Chung-Jung

2014-03-20

277

Recognition of hand drawn chemical diagrams  

E-print Network

Chemists often use hand-drawn structural diagrams to capture and communicate ideas about organic compounds. However, the software available today for specifying these structures to a computer relies on a traditional mouse ...

Ouyang, Tom Yu

2007-01-01

278

Interfaces for creating quantitative conceptual diagrams  

E-print Network

Modern chart-making, illustration, and mathematical tools poorly support the use of conceptual components in quantitative graphs such as Economics diagrams. The substantial time those tools require to achieve the desired ...

Stewart, Robin S. (Robin Scott)

2008-01-01

279

Attribute Reduction Based on Property Pictorial Diagram  

PubMed Central

This paper mainly studies attribute reduction which keeps the lattice structure in formal contexts based on the property pictorial diagram. Firstly, the property pictorial diagram of a formal context is defined. Based on such diagram, an attribute reduction approach of concept lattice is achieved. Then, through the relation between an original formal context and its complementary context, an attribute reduct of complementary context concept lattice is obtained, which is also based on the property pictorial diagram of the original formal context. Finally, attribute reducts in property oriented concept lattice and object oriented concept lattice can be acquired by the relations of attribute reduction between these two lattices and concept lattice of complementary context. In addition, a detailed illustrative example is presented.

Wan, Qing; Wei, Ling

2014-01-01

280

Peculiarities of Wire Array Implosion  

SciTech Connect

The results of the experiments on Z-pinch produced from wire arrays performed on the facility Angara-5-1 are presented. The models of liner implosion, i.e. prolonged plasma production have found their confirmation. Estimation based on our experimental data show that W wire cores are heterogeneous. The velocity of core expansion is determined by energy deposited at the first nanoseconds after current start. The effect of the inner array on the current distribution in the region between the arrays has been revealed. The ?lost mass ? was measured at initial radius of array at the moment of X-ray pulse maximum.

Aleksandrov, V.V.; Volkov, G.S.; Grabovski, E.V.; Zaitsev, V.I.; Zukakishvili, G.G.; Medovschikov, S.F.; Mitrofanov, K.N.; Nedoseev, S.L.; Oleinik, G.M.; Porofeev, I.Yu.; Samokhin, A.A.; Smirnov, V.P.; Frolov, I.N.; Fedulov, M. V. [SRC RF TRINITI, Troitsk, Moscow Reg., 142190 (Russian Federation); Sasorov, P.V. [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, 142190 (Russian Federation)

2006-01-05

281

Wire Detection Algorithms for Navigation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this research we addressed the problem of obstacle detection for low altitude rotorcraft flight. In particular, the problem of detecting thin wires in the presence of image clutter and noise was studied. Wires present a serious hazard to rotorcrafts. Since they are very thin, their detection early enough so that the pilot has enough time to take evasive action is difficult, as their images can be less than one or two pixels wide. Two approaches were explored for this purpose. The first approach involved a technique for sub-pixel edge detection and subsequent post processing, in order to reduce the false alarms. After reviewing the line detection literature, an algorithm for sub-pixel edge detection proposed by Steger was identified as having good potential to solve the considered task. The algorithm was tested using a set of images synthetically generated by combining real outdoor images with computer generated wire images. The performance of the algorithm was evaluated both, at the pixel and the wire levels. It was observed that the algorithm performs well, provided that the wires are not too thin (or distant) and that some post processing is performed to remove false alarms due to clutter. The second approach involved the use of an example-based learning scheme namely, Support Vector Machines. The purpose of this approach was to explore the feasibility of an example-based learning based approach for the task of detecting wires from their images. Support Vector Machines (SVMs) have emerged as a promising pattern classification tool and have been used in various applications. It was found that this approach is not suitable for very thin wires and of course, not suitable at all for sub-pixel thick wires. High dimensionality of the data as such does not present a major problem for SVMs. However it is desirable to have a large number of training examples especially for high dimensional data. The main difficulty in using SVMs (or any other example-based learning method) is the need for a very good set of positive and negative examples since the performance depends on the quality of the training set.

Kasturi, Rangachar; Camps, Octavia I.

2002-01-01

282

Algebraic decision diagrams and their applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present theory and experiments on the AlgebraicDecision Diagrams (ADD's). These diagrams extend BDD'sby allowing values from an arbitrary finite domain to be associatedwith the terminal nodes. We present a treatment foundedin boolean algebras and discuss algorithms and results in applicationslike matrix multiplication and shortest path algorithms.Furthermore, we outline possible applications of ADD's to logicsynthesis, formal verification,

R. Iris Bahar; Erica A. Frohm; Charles M. Gaona; Gary D. Hachtel; Enrico Macii; Abelardo Pardo; Fabio Somenzi

1993-01-01

283

On the Construction of Abstract Voronoi Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that the abstract Voronoi diagram ofn sites in the plane can be constructed in timeO(n logn) by a randomized algorithm. This yields an alternative, but simpler,O(n logn) algorithm in many previously considered cases and the firstO(n logn) algorithm in some cases, e.g., disjoint convex sites with the Euclidean distance function. Abstract Voronoi diagrams are\\u000a given by a family

Kurt Mehlhorn; Stefan Meiser; Colm Ó'dúnlaing

1991-01-01

284

A Sweepline Algorithm for Voronoi Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a geometric transformation that allows Voronoi diagrams to be computed using a sweepline technique. The transformation\\u000a is used to obtain simple algorithms for computing the Voronoi diagram of point sites, of line segment sites, and of weighted\\u000a point sites. All algorithms haveO(n logn) worst-case running time and useO(n) space.

Steven Fortune

1987-01-01

285

Fluctuations and the QCD phase diagram  

SciTech Connect

In this contribution the role of quantum fluctuations for the QCD phase diagram is discussed. This concerns in particular the importance of the matter back-reaction to the gluonic sector. The impact of these fluctuations on the location of the confinement/deconfinement and the chiral transition lines as well as their interrelation are investigated. Consequences of our findings for the size of a possible quarkyonic phase and location of a critical endpoint in the phase diagram are drawn.

Schaefer, B.-J., E-mail: bernd-jochen.schaefer@uni-graz.at [Karl-Franzens-Universitaet, Institut fuer Physik (Austria)

2012-06-15

286

Preliminary Study of Impulse-Momentum Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this paper we present a new representation to help students learn about momentum, impulse and conservation of momentum which we call an Impulse-Momentum Diagram. We include a description of this diagram as well as examples of how instructors can use them in the classroom. Next we present preliminary quantitative and qualitative data of a study we conducted where students used these representations. Our final analysis shows how students benefited from these representations.

Rosengrant, David; Mzoughi, Taha

2009-01-24

287

An analysis of Newton's projectile diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Newton's famous mountain projectile diagram, reproduced in countless science books, is analysed in detail - mathematically, graphically, and historically - perhaps for the first time. A study of the relationship between this diagram from Newton's On the System of the World and the written texts on projectile motion in this book and in the Principia reveals an ambiguity in Newton's presentation. We propose an explanation of the ambiguity based on an exploration of its roots in Newton's thought.

Topper, D.; Vincent, D. E.

1999-01-01

288

Use of Frequency-Conversion Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mathematical difficulties involved in analytical treatment of single-mesh mixer circuits with diodes and crystals lead us to consider other methods for the determination of important mixer characteristics. This paper briefly reviews the rectification-diagram method as applied to large-signal detectors, and presents for consideration the Chaffee conversion-diagram method, which treats mixer circuits in the same way as large-signal detector circuits.

H. Stockman

1944-01-01

289

Elementary diagrams in nuclear and neutron matter  

SciTech Connect

Variational calculations of nuclear and neutron matter are currently performed using a diagrammatic cluster expansion with the aid of nonlinear integral equations for evaluating expectation values. These are the Fermi hypernetted chain (FHNC) and single-operator chain (SOC) equations, which are a way of doing partial diagram summations to infinite order. A more complete summation can be made by adding elementary diagrams to the procedure. The simplest elementary diagrams appear at the four-body cluster level; there is one such E{sub 4} diagram in Bose systems, but 35 diagrams in Fermi systems, which gives a level of approximation called FHNC/4. We developed a novel technique for evaluating these diagrams, by computing and storing 6 three-point functions, S{sub xyz}(r{sub 12}, r{sub 13}, r{sub 23}), where xyz (= ccd, cce, ddd, dde, dee, or eee) denotes the exchange character at the vertices 1, 2, and 3. All 35 Fermi E{sub 4} diagrams can be constructed from these 6 functions and other two-point functions that are already calculated. The elementary diagrams are known to be important in some systems like liquid {sup 3}He. We expect them to be small in nuclear matter at normal density, but they might become significant at higher densities appropriate for neutron star calculations. This year we programmed the FHNC/4 contributions to the energy and tested them in a number of simple model cases, including liquid {sup 3}He and Bethe`s homework problem. We get reasonable, but not exact agreement with earlier published work. In nuclear and neutron matter with the Argonne v{sub 14} interaction these contributions are indeed small corrections at normal density and grow to only 5-10 MeV/nucleon at 5 times normal density.

Wiringa, R.B.

1995-08-01

290

Bifurcation diagrams for two substrate oscillatory systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The bifurcation diagrams for the Mn 2+-malonic acid-H 2SO 4-KBrO 3 an Mn 2--oxaloacetic acid-H 2SO 4-KBrO 3 systems have been studied in a stirred tank reactor. Complex oscillations associated with a period-doubling bifurcation were found. Bifurcation diagrams for the two substrate malonic-citric and malonic-oxaloacetic acid systems were also determined.

Mase?ko, Jerzy

1983-08-01

291

Phase diagram of the excitonic insulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by recent experiments, which give strong evidence for an excitonic insulating phase in TmSe0.45Te0.55, we developed a scheme to quantitatively construct, for generic two-band models, the phase diagram of an excitonic insulator. As a first application of our approach, we calculated the phase diagram for an effective mass two-band model with long-range Coulomb interaction. The shielded potential approximation is

B. Hülsen; F. X. Bronold; H. Fehske; K. Yonemitsu

2006-01-01

292

Diagrams in Architecture: An Examination of Diagram Based Design Methods in Contemporary Urban Architecture Projects.  

E-print Network

??This research explores the relationship between the use of diagrams in architectural production and an architectural outcome which redefines conventional relationships between urban built form… (more)

Shields, Fraser

2012-01-01

293

Movement of Telegraph-Wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

I HAVE frequently noticed the peculiar movement of telegraph wires noticed by your correspondent. For some time I took it to be an ordinary case of vibration, but it presented so many peculiar features that I was induced to examine it more closely. It frequently happens that when the temperature and dew-point of the air are at or about the

R. Mountford Deeley

1886-01-01

294

Breakdown testing of wiring insulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The dielectric strength of potential wiring insulation, recommended by NASA Lewis Research Center to replace existing M81381 (polyimide), was evaluated at high temperature. Results, given in view-graph format, show that their is no dependence of breakdown strength on temperature for the constructions tested and that their was little effect of frequency on the breakdown characteristics.

Laghari, Javaid R.

1994-01-01

295

Wire-Wrap Chatter Detector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Monitoring circuit responds to changes in resistance as little as 0.1 ohm. Has been used to detect defective wire-wrap connections during thermal and vibration tests. Defect is indicated to operator by light-emitting diode and by increase in count on a two-digit display.

Fisch, G. Z.; Borden, T. J.

1982-01-01

296

Vocational Preparation Curriculum: Electrical Wiring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a curriculum guide for instructors teaching vocational preparation for electrical wiring to special needs students. The purpose of the curriculum guide is to provide minimum skills for disadvantaged and handicapped students entering the mainstream; to supplement vocational skills of those students already in a regular training…

Usoro, Hogan

297

Wire mesh isolator protects sensitive electronic components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sensitive electronic components are enclosed in wire mesh for protection. The wire mesh isolates the component from shock and vibration. It acts as a heat sink and as a screen against RF interference.

Kerley, J. J., Jr.

1965-01-01

298

30 CFR 57.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage...

2013-07-01

299

30 CFR 56.12047 - Guy wires.  

...Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage transmission lines shall meet the requirements for grounding or insulator protection of the National Electrical Safety Code, part 2, entitled “Safety Rules for the Installation and...

2014-07-01

300

30 CFR 57.12047 - Guy wires.  

...Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage transmission lines shall meet the requirements for grounding or insulator protection of the National Electrical Safety Code, part 2, entitled “Safety Rules for the Installation and...

2014-07-01

301

Evaluation of high temperature stranded hookup wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tests are performed on wire and insulation materials to determine selection for electronic space assemblies. Wire characteristics of tensile strength, flexibility, conductivity, and general workability are tested. Knowledge of the advantages and limitations of these materials should prevent overspecification.

Donnelly, J. H.; Moore, H. J., Jr.

1967-01-01

302

Technique for stripping Teflon insulated wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cryogenic stripping of Teflon insulated wire leaves no residue and produces no physical damage. After the wire is immersed in liquid nitrogen, bent slightly, and returned to room temperature, the Teflon is removed by fingernails or flat-nosed pliers.

Babb, B. D.

1967-01-01

303

46 CFR 111.60-11 - Wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...60-11 Section 111.60-11 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-11 Wire....

2011-10-01

304

46 CFR 111.60-11 - Wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...60-11 Section 111.60-11 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-11 Wire....

2012-10-01

305

46 CFR 111.60-11 - Wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...60-11 Section 111.60-11 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-11 Wire....

2010-10-01

306

New insulation constructions for aerospace wiring applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Outlined in this presentation is the background to insulation constructions for aerospace wiring applications, the Air Force wiring policy, the purpose and contract requirements of new insulation constructions, the test plan, and the test results.

Slenski, George

1994-01-01

307

Novel Wiring Technologies for Aerospace Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Because wire failure in aerospace vehicles could be catastrophic, smart wiring capabilities have been critical for NASA. Through the years, researchers at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) have developed technologies, expertise, and research facilities to meet this need. In addition to aerospace applications, NASA has applied its knowledge of smart wiring, including self-healing materials, to serve the aviation industry. This webinar will discuss the development efforts of several wiring technologies at KSC and provide insight into both current and future research objectives.

Gibson, Tracy L.; Parrish, Lewis M.

2014-01-01

308

Life prediction of aging aircraft wiring systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program goal is to develop a computerized life prediction model capable of identifying present aging progress and predicting end of life for aircraft wiring. A summary is given in viewgraph format of progress made on phase 1 objectives, which were to identify critical aircraft wiring problems; relate most common failures identified to the wire mechanism causing the failure; assess wiring requirments, materials, and stress environment for fighter aircraft; and demonstrate the feasibility of a time-temperature-environment model.

Slenski, George

1995-01-01

309

Signal shapes in a TPC wire chamber  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study signal shapes in Multi Wire Proportional Chambers (MWPCs) and the influence of the electron distribution around the wire on the ion tail characteristics. Simulations of the ion tail for two different geometries, different voltages and therefore gas gains were performed. These simulations are compared to measurements carried out with the ALICE TPC wire chambers for a Ne/CO 2/N 2 gas mixture, which allows to extract the avalanche spread around the anode wires of the MWPC.

Rossegger, S.; Riegler, W.

2010-11-01

310

NEMA wire and cable standards development programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is the nation's largest trade association for manufacturers of electrical equipment. Its member companies produce components, end-use equipment and systems for the generation, transmission, distribution, control and use of electricity. The wire and cable division is presented in 6 sections: building wire and cable, fabricated conductors, flexible cords, high performance wire and cable, magnet wire, and power and control cable. Participating companies are listed.

Baird, Robert W.

1994-01-01

311

The relationship between exploding wire expansion rates and wire material properties near the boiling temperature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy deposited by a submicrosecond, ?1-kA current pulse in a 25-?m diameter metal wire prior to its explosion, correlates directly with the expansion rate of the wire after the explosion. Energy deposition by resistive heating is terminated by the formation of plasma around the wire and a collapse of the voltage along the wire, and is evidently facilitated by

K. M. Chandler; D. A. Hammer; D. B. Sinars; S. A. Pikuz; T. A. Shelkovenko

2002-01-01

312

Unstable behavior in wire array discharges and effect of wire shape  

Microsoft Academic Search

Z pinches using wire arrays have been investigated to achieve nuclear fusion. Suppression of instabilities in Z-pinch plasma is one of extremely important tasks. The explosions of the wires in an array do not simultaneously proceed and the currents through wires do not balance, and then an unstable behavior of current glows in wire explosion. As a result, nonuniform distribution

N. Shimomura; Y. Tanaka; Y. Yushita; M. Nagata; Y. Teramoto; S. Katsuki; H. Akiyama

2001-01-01

313

Last Progress in Underwater Electrical Wire Explosion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of the investigation of the underwater electrical wire explosions using a high power nanosecond timescale generator are reported. The spectroscopic analysis of the emitted radiation has unveiled no evidence for the formation of shunting plasma channel. The latter appears in vacuum and gas wire explosions and causes to the seizure of energy deposition into an exploding wire material.

Alon Grinenko; Arkady Sayapin; Sergey Efimov; Alexander Fedotov; Yakov E. Krasik

2008-01-01

314

Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

An object of the invention is the production of superconducting wire or tape with improved strain characteristics. A second object is the production of superconducting wire or tape in which the strain produced by the bending of the wire or the application of a tensile force in normal use increases the effective range of critical current carrying capacity. The addition

Luhman; C. J. T. Klamut; M. Suenaga; D. Welch

1978-01-01

315

Efficiency of cable lightning protection by wire  

Microsoft Academic Search

An existing method of calculation of protective wires shielding factor is not accurate, as it takes into account only inductance of cable and protective wires without of active resistance. In fact at the front of wave the current of a lightning is allocated between a cable and a protective wire mainly in inverse proportion to inductive resistance, on decay of

I. V. Glushkov

2006-01-01

316

Wiring Viterbi decoders (splitting deBruijn graphs)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new Viterbi decoder, capable of decoding convolutional codes with constraint lengths up to 15, is under development for the Deep Space Network (DSN). A key feature of this decoder is a two-level partitioning of the Viterbi state diagram into identical subgraphs. The larger subgraphs correspond to circuit boards, while the smaller subgraphs correspond to Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) chips. The full decoder is built from identical boards, which in turn are built from identical chips. The resulting system is modular and hierarchical. The decoder is easy to implement, test, and repair because it uses a single VLSI chip design and a single board design. The partitioning is completely general in the sense that an appropriate number of boards or chips may be wired together to implement a Viterbi decoder of any size greater than or equal to the size of the module.

Collins, O.; Pollara, F.; Dolinar, S.; Statman, J.

1989-01-01

317

On phase diagrams of magnetic reconnection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, "phase diagrams" of magnetic reconnection were developed to graphically organize the present knowledge of what type, or phase, of reconnection is dominant in systems with given characteristic plasma parameters. Here, a number of considerations that require caution in using the diagrams are pointed out. First, two known properties of reconnection are omitted from the diagrams: the history dependence of reconnection and the absence of reconnection for small Lundquist number. Second, the phase diagrams mask a number of features. For one, the predicted transition to Hall reconnection should be thought of as an upper bound on the Lundquist number, and it may happen for considerably smaller values. Second, reconnection is never "slow," it is always "fast" in the sense that the normalized reconnection rate is always at least 0.01. This has important implications for reconnection onset models. Finally, the definition of the relevant Lundquist number is nuanced and may differ greatly from the value based on characteristic scales. These considerations are important for applications of the phase diagrams. This is demonstrated by example for solar flares, where it is argued that it is unlikely that collisional reconnection can occur in the corona.

Cassak, P. A.; Drake, J. F.

2013-06-01

318

ASSESSING DIAGRAM QUALITY: MAKING A DIFFERENCE TO REPRESENTATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a diagram in problem solving is dependent on its utility as a cognitive tool. In order to develop students' ability to use diagrams as cognitive tools, teachers need to assess the quality of students' diagrams and provide them with the necessary support. However assessing the quality of diagrams is problematic. This paper discusses how theoretical prototypes and

Carmel M Diezmann

319

The Hardness-Duration Diagram of Gamma-Ray Bursts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hardness-duration diagram for gamma-ray bursts still contains undiscovered important information about the intrinsic properties of these phenomena. We analyze these diagrams for the PHEBUS and BATSE experiments. First, we show that the BATSE diagram is very similar to that for PHEBUS when we restrict the BATSE data set to events observable by PHEBUS. In this case, both diagrams present

J. P. Dezalay; J. P. Lestrade; C. Barat; R. Talon; R. Sunyaev; O. Terekhov; A. Kuznetsov

1996-01-01

320

Fishbone Diagrams: Organize Reading Content with a "Bare Bones" Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fishbone diagrams, also known as Ishikawa diagrams or cause-and-effect diagrams, are one of the many problem-solving tools created by Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa, a University of Tokyo professor. Part of the brilliance of Ishikawa's idea resides in the simplicity and practicality of the diagram's basic model--a fish's skeleton. This article describes how…

Clary, Renee; Wandersee, James

2010-01-01

321

The Use of Computational Diagrams and Nomograms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of computational diagrams and nomographs for the calculations that frequently occur in college administration is examined. Steps in constructing a nomograph and a four-dimensional computational diagram are detailed, and uses of three- and four-dimensional diagrams are covered. Diagrams and nomographs are useful in the following cases: (1)…

Brandenburg, Richard K.; Simpson, William A.

1984-01-01

322

Use of Affinity Diagrams as Instructional Tools in Inclusive Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how the affinity diagram, a tool for gathering information and organizing it into natural groupings, can be used in inclusive classrooms. It discusses how students can be taught to use an affinity diagram, how affinity diagrams can be used to reflect many voices, and how affinity diagrams can be used to plan class projects.…

Haselden, Polly G.

2003-01-01

323

Picturing Probability: the poverty of Venn diagrams, the richness of  

E-print Network

's name deserves to be attached to these diagrams. Venn diagrams visually ground symbolic logic book Symbolic Logic Venn makes much use of these diagrams, yet in his book on probability, The Logic 1 It is true that Venn's probability book predates his symbolic logic book, however the diagrams

Oldford, R.W.

324

Frequency response in short thermocouple wires  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Theoretical expressions are derived for the steady state frequency response of a thermocouple wire. In particular, the effects of axial heat conduction are demonstrated for a nonuniform wire with unequal material properties and wire diameters across the junction. The amplitude ratio at low frequency omega approaches 0 agrees with the results of Scadron and Warshawsky (1952) for a steady state temperature distribution. Moreover, the frequency response for a nonuniform wire in the limit of infinite length l approaches infinity is shown to reduce to a simple expression that is analogous to the classic first order solution for a thermocouple wire with uniform properties. Theoretical expressions are also derived for the steady state frequency response of a supported thermocouple wire. In particular, the effects of axial heat conduction are demonstrated for both a supported one material wire and a two material wire with unequal material properties across the junction. For the case of a one material supported wire, an exact solution is derived which compares favorably with an approximate expression that only matches temperatures at the support junction. Moreover, for the case of a two material supported wire, an analytical expression is derived that closely correlates numerical results. Experimental measurements are made for the steady state frequency response of a supported thermocouple wire. In particular, the effects of axial heat conduction are demonstrated for both a supported one material wire (type K) and a two material wire (type T) with unequal material properties across the junction. The data for the amplitude ratio and phase angle are correlated to within 10 pct. with the theoretical predictions of Forney and Fralick (1991). This is accomplished by choosing a natural frequency omega sub n for the wire data to correlate the first order response at large gas temperature frequencies. It is found that a large bead size, however, will increase the amplitude ratio at low frequencies but decrease the natural frequency of the wire. The phase angle data are also distorted for imperfect junctions.

Forney, L. J.; Meeks, E. L.; Ma, J.; Fralick, G. C.

1992-01-01

325

Measurements and simulations of the ablation stage of wire arrays with different initial wire sizes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Comparisons of 20mm diameter, 300-wire tungsten arrays with different initial wire sizes were made on the 20MA Sandia Z facility. Radiographic measurements of each wire array, taken at the same point in the current during the wire ablation stage, show systematic differences. A detailed comparison of the radiography and self-emission data with simulations and analytic models suggests that a variation in the mass ablation rate with wire size may be responsible.

Sinars, D. B.; Cuneo, M. E.; Yu, E. P.; Lebedev, S. V.; Cochrane, K. R.; Jones, B.; MacFarlane, J. J.; Mehlhorn, T. A.; Porter, J. L.; Wenger, D. F.

2006-04-01

326

Measurements and simulations of the ablation stage of wire arrays with different initial wire sizes  

SciTech Connect

Comparisons of 20 mm diameter, 300-wire tungsten arrays with different initial wire sizes were made on the 20 MA Sandia Z facility. Radiographic measurements of each wire array, taken at the same point in the current during the wire ablation stage, show systematic differences. A detailed comparison of the radiography and self-emission data with simulations and analytic models suggests that a variation in the mass ablation rate with wire size may be responsible.

Sinars, D.B.; Cuneo, M.E.; Yu, E.P.; Jones, B.; Mehlhorn, T.A.; Porter, J.L.; Wenger, D.F. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1193 (United States); Lebedev, S.V. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Cochrane, K.R. [Ktech Corporation, 1300 Eubank Boulevard SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); MacFarlane, J.J. [Prism Computational Sciences, Madison, Wisconsin 53711 (United States)

2006-04-15

327

Human life support during interplanetary travel and domicile. VI - Generic modular flow schematic for hybrid physical/chemical-biological life support systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An extension is proposed for the NASA Space Exploration Initiative's Generic Modular Flow Schematics for physical/chemical life support systems which involves the addition of biological processes. The new system architecture includes plant, microbial, and animal habitat, as well as the human habitat subsystem. Major Feedstock Production and Food Preparation and Packaging components have also been incorporated. Inedible plant, aquaculture, microbial, and animal solids are processed for recycling.

Ganapathi, Gani B.; Seshan, P. K.; Ferrall, Joseph; Rohatgi, Naresh

1992-01-01

328

SpaceWire Data Handling Demonstration System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The SpaceWire standard was published in 2003 with the aim of providing a standard for onboard communications, defining the physical and data link layers of an interconnection, in order to improve reusability, reliability and to reduce the cost of mission development. The many benefits which it provides mean that it has already been used in a number of missions, both in Europe and throughout the world. Recent work by the SpaceWire community has included the development of higher level protocols for SpaceWire, such as the Remote Memory Access Protocol (RMAP) which can be used for many purposes, including the configuration of SpaceWire devices. Although SpaceWire has become very popular, the various ways in which it can be used are still being discovered, as are the most efficient ways to use it. At the same time, some in the space industry are not even aware of SpaceWire's existence. This paper describes the SpaceWire Data Handling Demonstration System that has been developed by the University of Dundee. This system simulates an onboard data handling network based on SpaceWire. It uses RMAP for all communication, and so demonstrates how SpaceWire and standardised higher level protocols can be used onboard a spacecraft. The system is not only a good advert for those who are unfamiliar with the benefits of SpaceWire, it is also a useful tool for those using SpaceWire to test ideas.

Mills, S.; Parkes, S. M.; O'Gribin, N.

2007-08-01

329

Plasma formation in metallic wire Z pinches  

SciTech Connect

Plasma formation in metallic wire Z pinches is modeled using a two-dimensional resistive magnetohydrodynamics code. Modified Thomas-Fermi equations of state and dense plasma transport coefficients allow the phase transitions from solid to plasma to be approximated. Results indicate the persistence of a two-component structure with a cold, dense core embedded within a much hotter, low density, m=0 unstable corona. Extensive benchmark testing against data from a number of single-wire experiments is presented. Artificial laser schlieren and x-ray back-lighting images generated from the code data are compared directly to experimental results. The results were found to be insensitive to inaccuracies in the equations of state and transport coefficients. Simulations of individual wires in a wire array show different behavior to that observed experimentally due to the absence of three-dimensional effects. Simulations with similar conditions to wires in an array show a general trend in the plasma structure at start of implosion from discrete wires with large m=0 perturbation amplitudes to partially merged wires with smaller perturbation amplitudes as the number of wires is increased. Results for a wire number scan with aluminum wire arrays on the SATURN generator suggest that the observed sharp transition to high x-ray power at around 40 wires corresponds to a sharp decrease in m=0 perturbation amplitude and hence a sharp decrease in the seed perturbation for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

Chittenden, J. P. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom); Lebedev, S. V. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom); Ruiz-Camacho, J. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom); Beg, F. N. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom); Bland, S. N. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom); Jennings, C. A. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom); Bell, A. R. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom); Haines, M. G. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, (United Kingdom); Pikuz, S. A. [P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow 121433, Russia (Russian Federation)] [P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow 121433, Russia (Russian Federation); Shelkovenko, T. A. [P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow 121433, Russia (Russian Federation)] [P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow 121433, Russia (Russian Federation)

2000-04-01

330

Composite wire plasma formation and evolution  

SciTech Connect

The detailed understanding of the formation and evolution of plasma from rapidly heated metallic wires is a long-standing challenge in the field of plasma physics and in exploding wire engineering. This physical process is made even more complicated if the wire material is composed of a number of individual layers. The authors have successfully developed both optical and x-ray backlighting diagnostics. In particular, the x-ray backlighting technique has demonstrated the capability for quantitative determination of the plasma density over a wide range of densities. This diagnostic capability shows that the process of plasma formation is composed of two separate phases: first, current is passed through a cold wire and the wire is heated ohmically, and, second, the heated wire evolves gases that break down and forms a low-density plasma surrounding the wire.

Spielman, R.B.

2000-01-01

331

Wire Crimp Connectors Verification using Ultrasonic Inspection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a new ultrasonic measurement technique to quantitatively assess wire crimp connections is discussed. The amplitude change of a compressional ultrasonic wave propagating through the junction of a crimp connector and wire is shown to correlate with the results of a destructive pull test, which previously has been used to assess crimp wire junction quality. Various crimp junction pathologies (missing wire strands, incorrect wire gauge, incomplete wire insertion in connector) are ultrasonically tested, and their results are correlated with pull tests. Results show that the ultrasonic measurement technique consistently (as evidenced with pull-testing data) predicts good crimps when ultrasonic transmission is above a certain threshold amplitude level. A physics-based model, solved by finite element analysis, describes the compressional ultrasonic wave propagation through the junction during the crimping process. This model is in agreement within 6% of the ultrasonic measurements. A prototype instrument for applying the technique while wire crimps are installed is also presented.

Cramer, K. Elliott; Perey, Daniel F.; Yost, William T.

2007-01-01

332

A Geometric Diagram of Separable States  

E-print Network

This paper present a geometric diagram of a separable state: If a mixed state $\\sigma $ is separable, there are $2^{nS(\\sigma)}$ linearly independant product vectors which span the same Hilbert space as the $2^{nS(\\sigma)}$ ``likely'' strings of $\\sigma ^{\\otimes n}$ do. This diagram results in a criterion for separability which is strictly stronger than the inorder criterion in [M.A. Nielsen and J. Kempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5184 (2001)]. This means that the number of product bases of states of a system has close link to the nonlocality of the system.

Ping Xing Chen; Cheng Zu Li

2004-03-02

333

Phase conjugating wire FSS lens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of a microwave lens formed using a pair of frequency selective surfaces comprised of back-to-back double-periodic wire arrays interconnected through phase-conjugating microwave circuitry is given in this paper. It is shown that such a structure when illuminated with a plane wave generates a phase-conjugated forward-transmitted plane wave which experiences negative refraction. Negative refraction makes it possible to produce focusing

Oleksandr Malyuskin; Vincent Fusco; Alexander G. Schuchinsky

2006-01-01

334

Pin Wire Coating Trip Report  

SciTech Connect

A meeting to discuss the current pin wire coating problems was held at the Reynolds plant in Los Angeles on 2MAR04. The attendance list for Reynolds personnel is attached. there was an initial presentation which gave a brief history and the current status of pin wire coating at Reynolds. There was a presentation by Lori Primus on the requirements and issues for the coating. There was a presentation by Jim Smith of LANL on the chemistry and to some extent process development done to date. There was a long session covering what steps should be taken in the short term and, to a lesser extent, the long term. The coating currently being used is a blend of two polymers, polyethersulfone and polyparabanic acid (PPA) and some TiO2 filler. This system was accepted and put into production when the pin wire coating was outsourced to another company in 1974. When that company no longer was interested, the wire coating was brought in-house to Reynolds. At that time polyparabanic acid was actually a commercial product available from Exxon under the trade name Tradlon. However, it appears that the material used at Reynolds was synthesized locally. Also, it appears that a single large batch was synthesized in that time period and used up to 1997 when the supply ran out. The reason for the inclusion of TiO2 is not known although it does act as a rheological thickener. However, a more controlled thickening can be obtained with materials such as fumed silica. This material would have less likelihood of causing point imperfections in the coatings. Also, the mixing technique being used for all stages of the process is a relatively low shear ball mill process and the author recommends a high shear process such as a three roll paint mill, at least for the final mixing. Since solvent is added to the powder at Reynolds, it may be that they need to have the paint mill there.

Spellman, G P

2004-03-18

335

Concept of porous wire anemometer  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents a new scheme of the anemometer sensing element for the gas mean and fluctuation velocity measurement. The sensing element is a porous tube with gas suction through porous tube wall. The outside surface of the porous tube is at the gas temperature. The analysis, based on the heat balance at steady and unsteady state is performed in order to define the sensitivity and time constant of the porous sensing element. Two cases are considered, namely, the constant current and constant temperature anemometer. Comparison is made with the solid wire anemometer and shown that the proposed porous sensing element can have sensitivity four times higher than the standard hot wire anemometer with the same geometrical dimensions. With the respective selection of the physical properties of the sensing element, it could be possible to obtain higher frequency range of the measurement. Particular attention is devoted to the low gas velocity measurement. It is recognized that the minimum gas velocity to be measured with the solid hot wire anemometer is determined by the local heat transfer coefficient. For the low gas velocity, it was proved that the minimum is around .20 cm/sec. The proposed concept of the sensing element can be used for the very low velocity measurement due to the higher sensitivity obtained by the porous sensing element.

Afgan, N.H.; Pereira, J.C. [Inst. Superior Tecnico, Lisbon (Portugal)] [Inst. Superior Tecnico, Lisbon (Portugal); Leontiev, A.I.; Puzach, S.V. [Moscow Technical Univ. (Russian Federation)] [Moscow Technical Univ. (Russian Federation)

1997-05-01

336

Parallel wire cable static load testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report is the result of two evaluations for the analysis of parallel wire cables. The purpose of the first assessment was to evaluate the stiffness and strength of parallel wire cables. For the methodology, three test setups were executed utilizing single wires, seven wire parallel cables, and 100 wire parallel cables as specimens. The parallel wire cables were connected with molted zinc to their sockets. The cables were manufactured by Wilolamb Construction. The results indicate that the single, seven, and 100 wire specimens had similar performance in yield stress, yield strain, modulus, and ultimate strain. However, the amount of strain decreased as the number of wires increased. Because the mechanical properties of the multi wires specimens had not significant difference, it is suggested that the zinc sockets had insignificant impact on their performance. Comparing these results to a previous test executed for parallel wire cables, there were significant differences on the ultimate capacity. It is assumed that the fabrication method of the cables were different. The second evaluation had two purposes. First, it was intended to compare the results of the single wire test from OSU to the single wire test results from Sherry Laboratories. From the analysis, it was found that the ultimate and yield loads were similar between both laboratories procedures, but their strength capacity and ultimate strain were different. It was observed that the Sherry Lab used a different method to compute the mechanical properties of the wire and that the measurement of the elongation was different to the procedures from OSU. Second, the secondary analysis was to evaluate if there is any significant difference between wires sanded at the mid-length of the specimen and wires that were not sanded. From this analysis it was observed that there was no difference between the sanded and non-sanded wires, which indicated that cross-section reduction should not be necessary for the evaluation of multi wire cables. The results from this work were expected and agree with basic engineering principles, and that parallel wire cables are capable of performing as a group of wires with no significant losses.

Velasco Gil, Isabella C.

337

Segmenting Dot Patterns by Voronoi Diagram Concavity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This correspondence defines a signed distance, called ``internal concavity,'' on paths of the Voronoi diagram of a dot pattern. An algorithm using internal concavity to segment dot patterns is described. The segmentation algorithm produces subsets of the Dirichlet tessellation (Delaunay triangulation) of the dot pattern.

John Fairfield

1983-01-01

338

Neural network design using Voronoi diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel approach is proposed which determines the number of layers, the number of neurons in each layer, and their connection weights for a particular implementation of a neural network, with the multilayer feedforward topology, designed to classify patterns in the multidimensional feature space. The approach is based on construction of a Voronoi diagram over the set of points representing

N. K. Bose; Amulya K. Garga

1993-01-01

339

Evaluating formal properties of feature diagram languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feature diagrams (FDs) are a family of popular modelling languages, mainly used for managing variability in software product lines. FDs were first introduced by Kang et al. as part of the feature-oriented domain analysis (FODA) method back in 1990. Since then, various extensions of FODA FDs were devised to compensate for purported ambiguity and lack of precision and expressiveness. Recently,

Patrick Heymans; Pierre-yves Schobbens; Jean-christophe Trigaux; Yves Bontemps; Raimundas Matulevicius; Andreas Classen

2008-01-01

340

Nonverbal Poetry: Family Life-Space Diagrams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines life-space diagrams as a form of nonverbal poetry which taps personal feelings, tells a story, and characterizes a particular life situation, forming a useful therapy technique that provides a family the opportunity to examine its internal family relationships. Offers two case studies, discusses five levels of knowing and awareness, and…

Bardill, Donald R.

2001-01-01

341

Bregman Voronoi Diagrams: Properties, Algorithms and Applications  

E-print Network

entropy of distributions. We define several types of Bregman diagrams, establish correspondences between and Object Modeling -- Geometric algorithms, languages, and systems; F.2.2 [Anal- ysis of Algorithms on Discrete Algorithms (SODA), pp. 746-755, 2007. Related materials are available online at http://www.csl.sony

Nielsen, Frank

342

Ferromagnetic phase diagram of neutron matter  

E-print Network

The magnetic properties of matter under extreme conditions are of particular importance to understanding the neutron star interior. One contributing factor to the magnetic field of a neutron star could be the ferromagnetic phase of nuclear matter. In this letter we present a self-consistent, relativistic description of ferromagnetism in dense matter, within which the ferromagnetic phase diagram for neutron matter is calculated.

J. P. W. Diener; F. G. Scholtz

2010-06-29

343

NFHS Court and Field Diagram Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains a comprehensive collection of diagrams and specifications of playing fields and courts used in interscholastic and recreational sports, along with information on how to set up various formats of tournament drawings, how to compute golf handicaps, and how to convert metric-to-English distances. Lists are provided of national…

Gillis, John, Ed.

344

Shockwave Physics Studios: Free Body Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive activity, part of The Physics Classroom tutorial collection, provides self-directed practice in constructing free-body diagrams. Twelve descriptions of physical situations are presented; the goal is to determine the type and relative magnitude of the forces acting upon the described object. Additional help is provided with one click on "Web Help".

Henderson, Tom

2011-09-27

345

Revised state diagram of Laponite dispersions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a state diagram of charged disk-like mineral particle (Laponite) dispersions as a function of the Laponite concentration (C) and the concentration of added salt (Cs), based on simple observation and light-scattering measurements. At low C or high Cs the dispersions separate into two domains due to sedimentation of Laponite aggregates, while at high C and low Cs they

Philippe Mongondry; Jean François Tassin; Taco Nicolai

2005-01-01

346

Shared Variables Interaction Diagrams Rajeev Alur  

E-print Network

of an SVID, an action corresponds to, possibly multiple, reading/writing of shared variables. The actions that the problem can be solved in linear-time when all the variables are read-shared but write- exclusive. BenefitsShared Variables Interaction Diagrams Rajeev Alur Department of Computer and Information Science

Grosu, Radu

347

The Keynesian Diagram: A Cross to Bear?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In elementary economics courses students are often introduced to the basic concepts of macroeconomics through very simplified static models, and the concept of a macroeconomic equilibrium is generally explained with the help of an aggregate demand/aggregate supply (AD/AS) model and an income/expenditure model (via the Keynesian cross diagram).…

Fleck, Juergen

348

One Parameter Bifurcation Diagram for Chua's Circuit  

E-print Network

One Parameter Bifurcation Diagram for Chua's Circuit MIREILLE E. BROUCKE Abstract -The objective of this letter is to report on the usefulness of a l-dimensional map for characterizing the dynamics of a third-order piece- wise-linear circuit. The map is used to reproduce period-doubling birfurca- tions

Broucke, Mireille E.

349

Testing for monotonicity in the Hubble diagram  

E-print Network

General relativistic kinematics and the cosmological principle alone imply a monotonicity constraint in the Hubble diagram, which we confront to present-day supernova data. We use the running gradient method of statistical inference by Hall & Heckman (2000). We find no significant departure from monotonicity. The method seems well adapted and we recommend its use with future data.

Nicolai Meinshausen; John Rice; Thomas Schücker

2006-12-19

350

Dynamic Tactile Diagram Simplification on Refreshable Displays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing use of visual diagrams in educational and work environments, and even our daily lives, has created obstacles for individuals who are blind or visually impaired to "independently" access the information they represent. Although physical tactile pictures can be created to convey the visual information, it is typically a slow,…

Rastogi, Ravi; Pawluk, Dianne T. V.

2013-01-01

351

Recognition of Hand Drawn Chemical Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemists often use hand-drawn structural diagrams to capture and communicate ideas about organic com- pounds. However, the software available today for spec- ifying these structures to a computer relies on a tra- ditional mouse and keyboard interface, and as a re- sult lacks the ease of use, naturalness, and speed of drawing on paper. In response, we have developed a

Tom Y. Ouyang; Randall Davis

2007-01-01

352

Constructing Causal Diagrams to Learn Deliberation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy problems like "What should we do about global warming?" are ill-defined in large part because we do not agree on a system to represent them the way we agree Algebra problems should be represented by equations. As a first step toward building a policy deliberation tutor, we investigated: (a) whether causal diagrams help students learn to…

Easterday, Matthew W.; Aleven, Vincent; Scheines, Richard; Carver, Sharon M.

2009-01-01

353

Extended Activity Diagrams for Adaptive Workflow Modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activity diagrams are a recognized form of modelling real time systems and have been included in the list of UML techniques for modelling the dynamic aspects of object oriented systems. In this paper, we explain how workflow techniques can be used for developing models of larger chunks of systems. These chunks are expressed through the use of worklets. This can

Elizabeth Chang; E. Gautama; Tharam S. Dillon

2001-01-01

354

Spectrum Analyzer Basics Simplified Block Diagram  

E-print Network

Spectrum Analyzer Basics Simplified Block Diagram Major Controls Frequency Sweep Set Start { Hit MKR-> in the MARKER/LINE CURSOR group. { Use the softkeys to move the marker to the maximum and the CONTmode (it sometimes gets confused and stuck in a single-sweep mode) { If the analyzer complains about

Kuhn, William B.

355

NTNU Java: Free-Body Force Diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet illustrates the forces on a block on an inclined plane. A free-body diagram shows the gravitational, normal, frictional and net force vectors. The weight, angle of the plane, and coefficient of friction can be changed by the user. The user can also apply an external force to the block. The motion resulting from the forces is not shown.

Hwang, Fu-Kwun

2005-02-07

356

Towards Flexible Graphical Communication Using Adaptive Diagrams  

E-print Network

, life- less objects reflecting their origin in print media, the computer of the near future will provide their origin in print media, the computer of the near future will provide more flexible visual computer. There are five main differences between the old print media based view of diagrams and this new view based

Marriott, Kimbal

357

Fog Machines, Vapors, and Phase Diagrams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of demonstrations is described that elucidate the operation of commercial fog machines by using common laboratory equipment and supplies. The formation of fogs, or "mixing clouds", is discussed in terms of the phase diagram for water and other chemical principles. The demonstrations can be adapted for presentation suitable for elementary…

Vitz, Ed

2008-01-01

358

APRICODD: Approximate Policy Construction Using Decision Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a method of approximate dynamic programming for Markov decision processes (MDPs) using algebraic decision diagrams (ADDs). We produce near-optimal value functions and policies with much lower time and space requirements than exact dynamic programming. Our method reduces the sizes of the intermediate value functions generated during value iteration by replacing the values at the terminals of the ADD

Robert St-aubin; Jesse Hoey; Craig Boutilier

2000-01-01

359

Thermal energy scavenger (rotating wire modules)  

SciTech Connect

A thermal energy scavenger assembly is is described including a plurality of temperature-sensitive wires made of material which exhibits shape memory due to a thermoelastic, martensitic phase transformation. The wires are placed in tension between fixed and movable plates which are, in turn, supported by a pair of wheels which are rotatably supported by a housing for rotation about a central axis. A pair of upper and lower cams are fixed to the housing and cam followers react with the respective cams. Each cam transmits forces through a pair of hydraulic pistons. One of the pistons is connected to a movable plate to which one end of the wires are connected whereby a stress is applied to the wires to strain the wires during a first phase and whereby the cam responds to the unstraining of the wires during a second phase. A housing defines fluid compartments through which hot and cold fluid passes and flows radially through the wires whereby the wires become unstrained and shorten in length when subjected to the hot fluid for causing a reaction between the cam followers and the cams to effect rotation of the wheels about the central axis of the assembly, which rotation of the wheels is extracted through beveled gearing. The wires are grouped into a plurality of independent modules with each module having a movable plate, a fixed plate and the associated hydraulic pistons and cam follower. The hydraulic pistons and cam follower of a module are disposed at ends of the wires opposite from the ends of the wires at which the same components of the next adjacent modules are disposed so that the cam followers of alternate modules react with one of the cams and the remaining cam followers of the remaining modules react with the other cam. There is also included stress limiting means in the form of coil springs associated with alternate ends of the wires for limiting the stress or strain in the wires.

Hochstein, P.A.; Milton, H.W.; Pringle, W.L.

1980-11-04

360

A Vibrating Wire System For Quadrupole Fiducialization  

SciTech Connect

A vibrating wire system is being developed to fiducialize the quadrupoles between undulator segments in the LCLS. This note provides a detailed analysis of the system. The LCLS will have quadrupoles between the undulator segments to keep the electron beam focused. If the quadrupoles are not centered on the beam axis, the beam will receive transverse kicks, causing it to deviate from the undulator axis. Beam based alignment will be used to move the quadrupoles onto a straight line, but an initial, conventional alignment must place the quadrupole centers on a straight line to 100 {micro}m. In the fiducialization step of the initial alignment, the position of the center of the quadrupole is measured relative to tooling balls on the outside of the quadrupole. The alignment crews then use the tooling balls to place the magnet in the tunnel. The required error on the location of the quadrupole center relative to the tooling balls must be less than 25 {micro}m. In this note, we analyze a system under construction for the quadrupole fiducialization. The system uses the vibrating wire technique to position a wire onto the quadrupole magnetic axis. The wire position is then related to tooling balls using wire position detectors. The tooling balls on the wire position detectors are finally related to tooling balls on the quadrupole to perform the fiducialization. The total 25 {micro}m fiducialization error must be divided between these three steps. The wire must be positioned onto the quadrupole magnetic axis to within 10 {micro}m, the wire position must be measured relative to tooling balls on the wire position detectors to within 15 {micro}m, and tooling balls on the wire position detectors must be related to tooling balls on the quadrupole to within 10 {micro}m. The techniques used in these three steps will be discussed. The note begins by discussing various quadrupole fiducialization techniques used in the past and discusses why the vibrating wire technique is our method of choice. We then give an overview of the measurement system showing how the vibrating wire is positioned onto the quadrupole axis, how the wire position detectors locate the wire relative to tooling balls without touching the wire, and how the tooling ball positions are all measured. The novel feature of this system is the vibrating wire which we discuss in depth. We analyze the wire dynamics and calculate the expected sensitivity of the system. The note should be an aid in debugging the system by providing calculations to compare measurements to.

Wolf, Zachary

2010-12-13

361

Wired.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses technology's impact on scoreboard design: the development of the light-emitting diode (LED) display. How the LED system works is explained, as are the advantages and disadvantages of LED compared with incandescent lamp boards. Final comments address deciding on materials for scoreboard casings. (GR)

Conklin, Aaron R.

1998-01-01

362

Wire codes, magnetic fields, and childhood cancer  

SciTech Connect

Childhood cancer has been modestly associated with wire codes, an exposure surrogate for power frequency magnetic fields, but less consistently with measured fields. The authors analyzed data on the population distribution of wire codes and their relationship with several measured magnetic field metrics. In a given geographic area, there is a marked trend for decreased prevalence from low to high wire code categories, but there are differences between areas. For average measured fields, there is a positive relationship between the mean of the distributions and wire codes but a large overlap among the categories. Better discrimination is obtained for the extremes of the measurement values when comparing the highest and the lowest wire code categories. Instability of measurements, intermittent fields, or other exposure conditions do not appear to provide a viable explanation for the differences between wire codes and magnetic fields with respect to the strength and consistency of their respective association with childhood cancer.

Kheifets, L.I.; Kavet, R.; Sussman, S.S. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)] [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-05-01

363

Effluent Based Characterization of Aerospace Wiring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses a wire insulation characterization method under development, which identifies the relative molecular weight and binding energy of effluents given off during wire heating and is aimed at nondestructively assessing wire insulation degradation. An overview of how this technique can be used to monitor wire insulation emissions is presented. A series of measurements made on wire specimens (MIL-W-22759/11-20) with polytetraflouroethylene (PTFE or Teflon®) insulation is presented. A change of up to 55% in the emission concentration of a particular effluent was observed by repeated heating the wire specimens. Temperature measurements of the conductor and insulation were correlated to effluent emission concentrations. A basis for the changes in effluent concentration is also presented and leads to a determination of binding energies and associated time constants.

Cramer, K. Elliott; Yost, William T.; Perey, Daniel F.

2004-02-01

364

Generalized Voronoi Diagrams for a Ladder: II. Efficient Construction of the Diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a collection of algorithms, all running in timeO(n\\u000a 2 logn ? (n)\\u000a o(?(n)3)) for some fixed integers(where ?(n) is the inverse Ackermann's function), for constructing a skeleton representation of a suitably generalized “Voronoi diagram”\\u000a for a ladder moving in a two-dimensional space bounded by polygonal barriers consisting ofn line segments. This diagram, which is a two-dimensional subcomplex of

Colm Ó'dúnlaing; Micha Sharir; Chee-keng Yap

1987-01-01

365

Space Shuttle Columbia Aging Wiring Failure Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Space Shuttle Columbia main engine controller 14 AWG wire short circuited during the launch of STS-93. Post-flight examination divulged that the wire had electrically arced against the head of a nearby bolt. More extensive inspection revealed additional damage to the subject wire, and to other wires as well from the mid-body of Columbia. The shorted wire was to have been constructed from nickel-plated copper conductors surrounded by the polyimide insulation Kapton, top-coated with an aromatic polyimide resin. The wires were analyzed via scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (EDX), and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA); differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) were performed on the polyimide. Exemplar testing under laboratory conditions was performed to replicate the mechanical damage characteristics evident on the failed wires. The exemplar testing included a step test, where, as the name implies, a person stepped on a simulated wire bundle that rested upon a bolt head. Likewise, a shear test that forced a bolt head and a torque tip against a wire was performed to attempt to damage the insulation and conductor. Additionally, a vibration test was performed to determine if a wire bundle would abrade when vibrated against the head of a bolt. Also, an abrasion test was undertaken to determine if the polyimide of the wire could be damaged by rubbing against convolex helical tubing. Finally, an impact test was performed to ascertain if the use of the tubing would protect the wire from the strike of a foreign object.

McDaniels, Steven J.

2005-01-01

366

Nondestructive Evaluation of Aircraft and Spacecraft Wiring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spacecraft, and especially aircraft, often fry well past their original design lives and, therefore, the need to develop nondestructive evaluation procedures for inspection of vital structures in these craft is extremely important. One of the more recent problems is the degradation of wiring and wiring insulation. The present paper describes several nondestructive characterization methods which afford the possibility to detect wiring and insulation degradation in-situ prior to major problems with the safety of aircraft and spacecraft.

White, John E.; Tucholski, Edward J.; Green, Robert E., Jr.

2004-01-01

367

Early expansion in exploding multiple wire arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple model is developed for the initial stage (blow-off and the onset of pinching) of a multiple exploded wire array. With obvious modifications the model can also be applied to single wires or other self-pinched plasma columns. Each wire in the array is modeled as a plasma cylinder undergoing self-similar radial motion, and the whole array is coupled self-consistently

H. W. Bloomberg; M. Lampe; D. G. Colombant

1980-01-01

368

Exploiting level sensitive latches in wire pipelining  

E-print Network

equally divided between the repeater and the wire. However, the wire delay degradation in a buffered interconnect, whose dimensions are shrunk every next technology node, during process scaling has led to shrinking of the optimal interval... interconnect delay allowed between two flip-flops is T -Tsetup - Tprop -Tskew. Hence, the minimal latency uv for flip-flop based pipelined wire (u,v) is give by: 1 -= skewpropsetup uv uv TTTT tl (1) When latches...

Seth, Vikram

2005-02-17

369

30 CFR 75.906 - Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires.  

...2014-07-01 false Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground...Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... § 75.906 Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and...

2014-07-01

370

Superconductor wire and method of making same  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a superconductive wire. It comprises: an elongated sintered body of copper oxide based sintered ceramic superconductive material formed along its periphery with longitudinally extending grooves.

Porcell

1991-01-01

371

Superconducting-wire fabrication. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were done leading to the fabrication of high-temperature superconducting composite wire. Bulk superconductor was characterized by using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. The chemical compatibility of superconducting materials with a number of metal sheathing candidates was tested, with silver offering the best compatibility. Wire was fabricated by drawing 0.250-inch-diameter silver tubing packed with superconducting powder. Single core wires were drawn to 0.037-inch diameter. The best critical current performance (660 A/cm2) for leaded bismuth 2-2-2-3 material was achieved by flattening single-core wire before heat treatment.

Glad, W.E.; Chase, G.G.

1990-05-01

372

Adjustable Bracket For Entry Of Welding Wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wire-entry bracket on welding torch in robotic welding system provides for adjustment of angle of entry of welding wire over range of plus or minus 30 degrees from nominal entry angle. Wire positioned so it does not hide weld joint in view of through-the-torch computer-vision system part of robot-controlling and -monitoring system. Swiveling bracket also used on nonvision torch on which wire-feed-through tube interferes with workpiece. Angle simply changed to one giving sufficient clearance.

Gilbert, Jeffrey L.; Gutow, David A.

1993-01-01

373

Structure on the dense residual wire core during exploding wire plasma formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. High resolution (1-5 micron, 0.7-2 ns) X-ray (2-4 keV) backlighting has been used to study the formation of plasma when single wire and multiwire arrays are exploded using the ~450 kA XP pulser at Cornell University. The wire plasmas were imaged using 13-25 micron Mo wire, and 20 micron Pd wire, 150-200 kA X-pinch X-ray backlighters

T. A. Shelkovenko; S. A. Pikuz; A. R. Mingaleev; D. A. Hammer

1998-01-01

374

Investigation of ablation and implosion dynamics in linear wire arrays  

SciTech Connect

Ablation and implosion dynamics were investigated by optical probing in linear wire arrays of different geometry. Formation of ablation jets begins on the outermost wires. In the beginning of implosion plasma bubbles arise in breaks on the outer wires. Implosion bubbles move to the next wire in the array and hit the plasma column with the speed >250 km/s. Imploding plasma moves to the center of the array cascading from wire to wire. Configuration of magnetic fields in the linear array can be changed by variation of wire spacing. The regimes of ablation and implosion in the wire arrays are found to differ with different wire spacing.

Ivanov, V. V.; Sotnikov, V. I.; Haboub, A.; Sarkisov, G. E.; Presura, R.; Cowan, T. E. [University of Nevada, Reno, 5625 Fox Avenue, Reno, Nevada 89506 (United States); Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); University of Nevada, Reno, 5625 Fox Avenue, Reno, Nevada 89506 (United States)

2007-03-15

375

Tuning a Tetrahertz Wire Laser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tunable terahertz lasers are desirable in applications in sensing and spectroscopy because many biochemical species have strong spectral fingerprints at terahertz frequencies. Conventionally, the frequency of a laser is tuned in a similar manner to a stringed musical instrument, in which pitch is varied by changing the length of the string (the longitudinal component of the wave vector) and/ or its tension (the refractive index). However, such methods are difficult to implement in terahertz semiconductor lasers because of their poor outcoupling efficiencies. Here, we demonstrate a novel tuning mechanism based on a unique 'wire laser' device for which the transverse dimension w is much much less than lambda. Placing a movable object close to the wire laser manipulates a large fraction of the waveguided mode propagating outside the cavity, thereby tuning its resonant frequency. Continuous single-mode redshift and blueshift tuning is demonstrated for the same device by using either a dielectric or metallic movable object. In combination, this enables a frequency tuning of approximately equal to 137 GHz (3.6%) from a single laser device at approximately equal to 3.8 THz.

Qin, Qi; Williams, Benjamin S.; Kumar, Sushil; Reno, John L.; Hu, Qing

2009-01-01

376

The geometry of on-shell diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fundamental role of on-shell diagrams in quantum field theory has been recently recognized. On-shell diagrams, or equivalently bipartite graphs, provide a natural bridge connecting gauge theory to powerful mathematical structures such as the Grassmannian. We perform a detailed investigation of the combinatorial and geometric objects associated to these graphs. We mainly focus on their relation to polytopes and toric geometry, the Grassmannian and its stratification. Our work extends the current understanding of these connections along several important fronts, most notably eliminating restrictions imposed by planarity, positivity, reducibility and edge removability. We illustrate our ideas with several explicit examples and introduce concrete methods that considerably simplify computations. We consider it highly likely that the structures unveiled in this article will arise in the on-shell study of scattering amplitudes beyond the planar limit. Our results can be conversely regarded as an expansion in the understanding of the Grassmannian in terms of bipartite graphs.

Franco, Sebastián; Galloni, Daniele; Mariotti, Alberto

2014-08-01

377

More on phase diagram of Laponite  

E-print Network

The phase diagram of a charged colloidal system (Laponite) has been investigated by dynamic light scattering in a previously unexplored range of salt and clay concentrations. Specifically the clay weight and salt molar concentrations have been varied in the ranges Cw=0.004- 0.025, Cs=(1x 10^-3- 5x 10^-3) M respectively. As in the case of free salt water samples (Cs= 1x 10^-4 M) an aging dynamics towards two different arrested phases is found in the whole examined Cw and Cs range. Moreover a transition between these two different regimes is found for each investigated salt concentration. It is clear from these measurements that a revision of the phase diagram is necessary and a new "transition" line between two different arrested states is drawn.

B. Ruzicka; L. Zulian; G. Ruocco

2005-09-09

378

Modeling the Round Earth through Diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earlier studies have found that students, including adults, have problems understanding the scientifically accepted model of the Sun-Earth-Moon system and explaining day-to-day astronomical phenomena based on it. We have been examining such problems in the context of recent research on visual-spatial reasoning. Working with middle school students in India, we have developed a pedagogical sequence to build the mental model of the Earth and tried it in three schools for socially and educationally disadvantaged students. This pedagogy was developed on the basis of (1) a reading of current research in imagery and visual-spatial reasoning and (2) students' difficulties identified during the course of pretests and interviews. Visual-spatial tools such as concrete (physical) models, gestures, and diagrams are used extensively in the teaching sequence. The building of a mental model is continually integrated with drawing inferences to understand and explain everyday phenomena. The focus of this article is inferences drawn with diagrams.

Padalkar, Shamin; Ramadas, Jayashree

379

Persistence diagrams of cortical surface data.  

PubMed

We present a novel framework for characterizing signals in images using techniques from computational algebraic topology. This technique is general enough for dealing with noisy multivariate data including geometric noise. The main tool is persistent homology which can be encoded in persistence diagrams. These diagrams visually show how the number of connected components of the sublevel sets of the signal changes. The use of local critical values of a function differs from the usual statistical parametric mapping framework, which mainly uses the mean signal in quantifying imaging data. Our proposed method uses all the local critical values in characterizing the signal and by doing so offers a completely new data reduction and analysis framework for quantifying the signal. As an illustration, we apply this method to a 1D simulated signal and 2D cortical thickness data. In case of the latter, extra homological structures are evident in an control group over the autistic group. PMID:19694279

Chung, Moo K; Bubenik, Peter; Kim, Peter T

2009-01-01

380

Voronoi Diagrams for Pure 1-qubit Quantum States  

E-print Network

1-qubit quantum states form a space called the three-dimensional Bloch ball. To compute Holevo capacity, Voronoi diagrams in the Bloch ball with respect to the quantum divergence have been used as a powerful tool. These diagrams basically treat mixed quantum states corresponding to points in the interior of the Bloch ball. Due to the existence of logarithm in the quantum divergence, the diagrams are not defined on pure quantum states corresponding to points on the two-dimensional sphere. This paper first defines the Voronoi diagrams for pure quantum states on the Bloch sphere by the Fubini-Study distance and the Bures distance. We also introduce other Voronoi diagrams on the sphere obtained by taking a limit of Voronoi diagrams for mixed quantum states by the quantum divergences in the Bloch ball. These diagrams are shown to be equivalent to the ordinary Voronoi diagram on the sphere.

Kimikazu Kato; Mayumi Oto; Hiroshi Imai; Keiko Imai

2006-04-14

381

Development of the Axial Instability in Low Wire Number Wire Array Z-Pinches  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the growth of the axial instability in wire-array Z-pinches. In these experiments we image individual wires in aluminum wire arrays using laser shadowgraphy and XUV framing cameras at times ranging from 0 to 100 ns after the start of a 1 MA, 100 ns rise time current pulse. We document the radial growth of the coronal plasma around

Patrick Knapp; John Greenly; Pierre Gourdain; Cad Hoyt; Matthew Martin; Sergei Pikuz; Tania Shelkovenko; David Hammer; Bruce Kusse

2009-01-01

382

Processing a printed wiring board by single bath electrodeposition  

DOEpatents

A method of processing a printed wiring board. Initial processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board. Copper is plated on the printed wiring board from a bath containing nickel and copper. Nickel is plated on the printed wiring board from a bath containing nickel and copper and final processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board.

Meltzer, Michael P. (Oakland, CA); Steffani, Christopher P. (Livermore, CA); Gonfiotti, Ray A. (Livermore, CA)

2010-12-07

383

29 CFR 1926.404 - Wiring design and protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Service-entrance conductors installed as open wires shall be guarded to make them accessible...wiring shall be grounded: (i) Three-wire DC systems. All 3-wire DC systems...nominally rated 480Y/277 volt, 3-phase, 4-wire in which the neutral is used...

2010-07-01

384

The effect of insulating coatings on exploding wire plasma formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substantial increases are reported in the expansion rates of exploding, dense wire cores under conditions simulating the prepulse phase of wire array z-pinch experiments [R. B. Spielman et al., Phys. Plasmas 5, 2105 (1998)] using wires with insulating coatings. The insulation apparently allows additional wire heating by delaying the formation of plasma around the wires. Once plasma is formed it

D. B. Sinars; T. A. Shelkovenko; S. A. Pikuz; Min Hu; V. M. Romanova; K. M. Chandler; J. B. Greenly; D. A. Hammer; B. R. Kusse

2000-01-01

385

The effect of insulating coatings on exploding wire plasma formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substantial increases are reported in the expansion rates of exploding, dense wire cores under conditions simulating the prepulse phase of wire array z-pinch experiments [R. B. Spielman &etal;, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2105 (1998)] using wires with insulating coatings. The insulation apparently allows additional wire heating by delaying the formation of plasma around the wires. Once plasma is formed it terminates

D. B. Sinars; T. A. Shelkovenko; S. A. Pikuz; Min Hu; V. M. Romanova; K. M. Chandler; J. B. Greenly; D. A. Hammer; B. R. Kusse

2000-01-01

386

The phase diagram YF-GdF  

Microsoft Academic Search

The binary phase diagram YF-GdF was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Yttrium fluoride and gadolinium fluoride show complete miscibility in all three phases (orthorhombic room temperature phase, trigonal or hexagonal high temperature phase, liquid). The transformations between room temperature and high temperature phases are of first order and occur at 1338.6 K (YF) or 1174.8 K (GdF). Melting points

D. Klimm; I. M. Ranieri; R. Bertram; S. L. Baldochi

2008-01-01

387

Communicating Phylogeny: Evolutionary Tree Diagrams in Museums  

E-print Network

History Museum 5 Address: University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045-7593, USA 6 7 Second Author: E. O. Wiley 8 Institution: Ecology & Evolutionary Biology and Biodiversity Institute 9 Address: University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045...IN PRESS (EVOLUTION: EDUCATION AND OUTREACH) 1 Title: Communicating Phylogeny: Evolutionary tree diagrams in museums 2 Running Head: Communicating Phylogeny 3 First Author: Teresa MacDonald 4 Institution: University of Kansas Natural...

MacDonald, Teresa; Wiley, Edward O.

2012-01-01

388

Displaying multimedia environmental partitioning by triangular diagrams  

SciTech Connect

It is suggested that equilateral triangular diagrams are a useful method of depicting the equilibrium partitioning of organic chemicals among the three primary environmental media of the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, and the organosphere (natural organic matter and biotic lipids and waxes). The technique is useful for grouping chemicals into classes according to their partitioning tendencies, for depicting the incremental effects of substituents such as alkyl groups and chlorine, and for showing how partitioning changes in response to changes in temperature.

Lee, S.C.; Mackay, D. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry

1995-11-01

389

Using Diagrams and Models: 2.75  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses the importance of abstraction and generalization in being able to use models and diagrams effectively, whether children are creating their own models to represent a situation and explain their thinking, or interpreting a provided model. The resource offers examples to illustrate these ideas as well as teaching strategies and activities in the areas of parity, mental addition, equivalent fractions, and multi-digit multiplication.

2012-09-26

390

Reentrant phase diagram for granular superconductors  

SciTech Connect

The mean-field phase diagram of the self-charging model of a granular superconductor is calculated using the functional-integral formulation. A pronounced reentrance is obtained in quantitative agreement with a previous calculation, involving 2..pi..-antiperiodic eigenstates of the Mathieu equation. It is argued that low-lying, odd-electron-number excitations play a significant role in the thermodynamics of Josephson-junction arrays, for which the Feynman functional-integral formulation holds.

Simanek, E.

1985-07-01

391

Stability diagrams for coupled Mathieu-equations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method is described for determining stability diagrams for coupled Mathieu-equations. The boundary curves are found by searching for those almost-periodic solutions of the differential equations for which the real part of the characteristic exponent changes from zero to a non-zero value. The method derives analytic expressions for the involved determinants and is able to find the transition curves even

J. Hansen

1985-01-01

392

Mixed wasted integrated program: Logic diagram  

SciTech Connect

The Mixed Waste Integrated Program Logic Diagram was developed to provide technical alternative for mixed wastes projects for the Office of Technology Development`s Mixed Waste Integrated Program (MWIP). Technical solutions in the areas of characterization, treatment, and disposal were matched to a select number of US Department of Energy (DOE) treatability groups represented by waste streams found in the Mixed Waste Inventory Report (MWIR).

Mayberry, J.; Stelle, S. [Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); O`Brien, M. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Rudin, M. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Ferguson, J. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); McFee, J. [I.T. Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-11-30

393

The plutonium-oxygen phase diagram  

SciTech Connect

Identification of products formed by the reaction of plutonium metal with liquid water at 23{degree}C indicates that the plutonium-oxygen phase diagram is similar to the cerium-oxygen and praseodymium-oxygen diagrams. Quantitative measurements of H{sub 2} formation and analytical data suggest that a sequence of hydrolysis reactions produces oxide hydrides of trivalent plutonium, Pu{sub 2}O{sub 3}, mixed-valent oxides and PuO{sub 2}. The intermediate oxides are the n {equals} 7, 9, 10 and 12 members of the Pu{sub n}O{sub 2n{minus}2} homologous series. Properties of the residue formed by thermal decomposition of the initial hydrolysis product, plutonium monoxide monhydride (PuOH), are consistent with the formation of metastable plutonium monoxide. Crystal-chemical, thermodynamic, and kinetic factors are evaluated, but definitive assignment of the equilibrium Pu-O diagram is not possible. 22 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Haschke, J.M.

1990-01-01

394

Table of Feynman diagrams of the interacting Fermion Green's function  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Feynman diagrams of the Green's function expansion of fermions interacting with a nonrelativistic 2-body interaction are displayed in first, second, and third perturbative order of the interaction as 2, 10, and 74 diagrams, respectively. A name convention for the diagrams is proposed and then used to tabulate the diagrams of fourth to seventh order. The Hartree-Fock approximation summons up 2, 8, 40, and 224 of them in first through fourth order.

Mathar, Richard J.

395

Algorithms in electric power system one-line diagram creation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes various algorithms for the automatic generation of electric power system one-line diagrams. Historically these one-line diagrams were created manually. As these diagrams can be large, their manual creation takes a lot of time and resources, and it is also prone to errors. One possible solution to this problem is the automatic generation of one-line diagrams. Automatic visualization

Imre Lendak; Aleksandar Erdeljan; Darko Capko; Srdan Vukmirovic

2010-01-01

396

Indicator diagram of a high pressure pump for cryogenic liquid  

Microsoft Academic Search

sure cycles. The indicator diagram provides a basis for deriving quantitative relationships between pump parameters. To this end we determined experimentally the indicator diagram of a series-produced pump type NZhA-.22M and developed a method of constructing a calculated indicator diagram. It is ,difficult to produce indicator diagrams for high-pressure pumps operating on liquefied gas: ordinary general purpose indicators are unsuitable

E. N. Smirnov; V. I. Epifanova

1969-01-01

397

Flow curves of colloidal dispersions close to the glass transition. Asymptotic scaling laws in a schematic model of mode coupling theory.  

PubMed

The flow curves, viz. the curves of stationary stress under steady shearing, are obtained close to the glass transition in dense colloidal dispersions using asymptotic expansions in the schematic F??(?)-model of mode coupling theory. The shear thinning of the viscosity in fluid states and the yielding of glassy states is discussed. At the transition between fluid and shear-molten glass, simple and generalized Herschel-Bulkley laws are derived with power law exponents that can be computed for different particle interactions from the equilibrium structure factor. PMID:18777045

Hajnal, D; Fuchs, M

2009-02-01

398

Provision of IR-UWB wireless and baseband wired services over a WDM-PON.  

PubMed

A simple scheme to simultaneously generate an on-off keying or bi-phase modulation (BPM) impulse radio ultra wideband (IR-UWB) signal and a baseband wired signal in the optical domain using a dual-drive modulator is proposed and demonstrated. Although the two signals have spectral overlap in the optical spectrum, they are located at different frequency bands when converted to electrical signals at a photodetector (PD), which can be well separated by an electrical filter. An experiment is carried out. Eye diagrams, electrical spectra and BER measurements show that the co-channel interference between the UWB and the wired signals is small for a single-channel 36-km fiber link to provide 1.25-Gb/s UWB wireless and 1.25-Gb/s baseband wired services. The inter-channel interference is also small and negligible when the link is operated together with two other 1.25 Gb/s baseband wired links, which demonstrates that a conventional WDM-PON can be upgraded to provide additional UWB services without affecting the existing services by modifying the modulators in the center office and inserting UWB antennas in the optical network units. PMID:22274021

Pan, Shilong; Yao, Jianping

2011-12-12

399

Voronoi Diagrams of Moving Points in the Plane  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consider a set of n points in the Euclidean plane each of which is continuously moving along a given trajectory. At each instant in time, the points define a Voronoi diagram. As the points move, the Voronoi diagram changes continuously, but at certain critical instants in time, topological events occur that cause a change in the Delaunay diagram. In this

Leonidas J. Guibas; Joseph S. B. Mitchell; Thomas Roos

1991-01-01

400

Symbolic Reasoning with Weighted and Normalized Decision Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several variants of Bryant's ordered binary decision diagrams have been suggested in the literature to reason about discrete functions. In this paper, we introduce a generic notion of weighted decision diagrams that captures many of them and present criteria for canonic- ity. As a special instance of such weighted diagrams, we introduce a new BDD-variant for real-valued functions, called normalized

Jörn Ossowski; Christel Baier

2006-01-01

401

A vector diagram of Maxwell's equations for chiral media  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vector diagram of Maxwell's time-harmonic equations in homogeneous isotropic media is proposed and derived to include chiral media. This diagram may be used to obtain a number of common relationships between fields, potentials and sources by equating appropriate components of the vectors in it. The construction of the diagram is based on the formal similarity between many theorems of

S. Uckun

1998-01-01

402

Assessing the Comprehension of UML Class Diagrams via Eye Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eye-tracking equipment is used to assess how well a subject comprehends UML class diagrams. The results of a study are presented in which eye movements are captured in a non-obtrusive manner as users performed various comprehension tasks on UML class diagrams. The goal of the study is to identify specific characteristics of UML class diagrams, such as layout, color, and

Shehnaaz Yusuf; Huzefa H. Kagdi; Jonathan I. Maletic

2007-01-01

403

The Family Diagram and Genogram: Comparisons and Contrasts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The family diagram and its derivative the genogram are widely used in marriage and family therapy, other mental health disciplines, and family medicine. After a brief history of the origins of the family diagram and genogram, several different areas are compared in order to help distinguish differences between family diagrams and genograms. The results of these evaluations illustrate some similarities

John F. Butler

2008-01-01

404

The Classroom as Rhizome: New Strategies for Diagramming Knotted Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article calls attention to the unexamined role of diagrams in educational research and offers examples of alternative diagramming practices or tools that shed light on classroom interaction as a rhizomatic process. Drawing extensively on the work of Latour, Deleuze and Guattari, and Chatelet, this article explores the power of diagramming as…

de Freitas, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

405

Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation  

E-print Network

Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research Finite Transitions #12;Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research;Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research Goal

Vuik, Kees

406

DARLS: Differencing and Merging Diagrams Using Dual View, Animation,  

E-print Network

DARLS: Differencing and Merging Diagrams Using Dual View, Animation, Re-Layout, Layers, Animation, Re-Layout, Layers and a Storyboard, short "DARLS". It is targeted at diagrams where node and edge. It presents the union of nodes and edges in figure 1. DARLS showing two versions of a diagram, which

Stürzlinger, Wolfgang

407

Dinosaur Extinction: Causal Loop Diagram of Earth Feedback System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features a causal loop diagram from system dynamics methodology showing the solar-earth-space energy flow system (the dominant flow system driving earth's surficial systems, including the biosphere) and interactive natural earthly processes that influence it. Also included is a discussion of the diagram, and a link to a page that explains how to read causal loop diagrams.

Mclean, Dewey M.; Tech, Virginia

408

Modelling network problems with power flow equations and diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the modelling of electrical utility networks, their problems and solutions in a network-planning environment. Equivalent single-line diagrams, vector diagrams and power flow diagrams are derived and used for each specific problem within a specific network

F. J. Rossouw; H. J. Beukes; J. H. R. Enslin

1999-01-01

409

Exciton gas compression and metallic condensation in a single semiconductor quantum wire.  

PubMed

We study the metal-insulator transition in individual self-assembled quantum wires and report optical evidence of metallic liquid condensation at low temperatures. First, we observe that the temperature and power dependence of the single nanowire photoluminescence follow the evolution expected for an electron-hole liquid in one dimension. Second, we find novel spectral features that suggest that in this situation the expanding liquid condensate compresses the exciton gas in real space. Finally, we estimate the critical density and critical temperature of the phase transition diagram at n{c} approximately 1 x 10;{5} cm;{-1} and T{c} approximately 35 K, respectively. PMID:18764504

Alén, B; Fuster, D; Muñoz-Matutano, G; Martínez-Pastor, J; González, Y; Canet-Ferrer, J; González, L

2008-08-01

410

Stress relaxation properties of prestressed steel wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, stress relaxation phenomenon has been examined generally. Experiments were carried out on carbon steel wires with diameter 8mm which are particularly used in prestressed concrete composites. Thermomechanically heat treatment was also carried out on this wire in order to relieve the residual stresses accumulated after the cold work. The heat treatment temperature and the stretch ratio, which

Adalet Zeren; Muzaffer Zeren

2003-01-01

411

75 FR 4584 - Wire Decking From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...731-TA-1162 (Final)] Wire Decking From China...Scheduling of the final phase of countervailing duty...excluded from the scope is wire mesh shelving that...the conduct of this phase of the investigations...filed no later than three days before the...

2010-01-28

412

Fabrication of superconducting wire and product  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a method of fabricating a superconducting wire comprising: forming a ceramic superconducting material; mixing the ceramic superconducting material with a metallic powder to form a metal ceramic superconductor mixture having from about 10 to about 75 volume percent metallic powder; loading a metal shell with the metal\\/ceramic superconducting mixture to form a superconducting wire; cold drawing; and

F. N. Mandigo; J. Winter; B. M. Guenin; G. J. Muench

1992-01-01

413

LANSCE-R WIRE-SCANNER SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

The National Instruments cRIO platform is used for the new LANSCE-R wire-scanner systems. All wire-scanner electronics are integrated into a single BiRa BiRIO 4U cRIO chassis specifically designed for the cRIO crate and all interface electronics. The BiRIO chassis, actuator and LabVIEW VIs provide a complete wire-scanner system integrated with EPICS. The new wire-scanner chassis includes an 8-slot cRIO crate with Virtex-5 LX 110 FPGA and Power-PC real-time controller, the LANL-developed cRIO 2-axis wire-sensor analog interface module (AFE), NI9222 cRIO 4-channel 16-bit digitizer, cRIO resolver demodulator, cRIO event receiver, front-panel touch panel display, motor driver, and all necessary software, interface wiring, connectors and ancillary components. This wirescanner system provides a complete, turn-key, 2-axis wire-scanner system including 2-channel low-noise sensewire interface with variable DC wire bias and wireintegrity monitor, 16-bit signal digitizers, actuator motor drive and control, actuator position sensing, limit-switch interfaces, event receiver, LabVIEW and EPICS interface, and both remote operation and full stand-alone operation using the touch panel.

Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01

414

Vibrating wire field-measuring technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technique described here is dedicated to the problem of alignment of quadrupole magnets, a very important issue for particle accelerators. The technique is based on the excitation of the harmonics of a wire vibration by Lorenz forces between current in a wire and the surrounding magnetic field. Theoretical analyses show that knowing the amplitude and the phase of the

Alexander Temnykh

1997-01-01

415

Lansce Wire Scanning Diagnostics Device Mechanical Design  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Operations & Technology Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory operates a linear particle accelerator which utilizes 110 wire scanning diagnostics devices to gain position and intensity information of the proton beam. In the upcoming LANSCE improvements, 51 of these wire scanners are to be replaced with a new design, up-to-date technology and off-the-shelf components. This document outlines the requirements for the mechanical design of the LANSCE wire scanner and presents the recently developed linac wire scanner prototype. Additionally, this document presents the design modifications that have been implemented into the fabrication and assembly of this first linac wire scanner prototype. Also, this document will present the design for the second, third, and fourth wire scanner prototypes being developed. Prototypes 2 and 3 belong to a different section of the particle accelerator and therefore have slightly different design specifications. Prototype 4 is a modification of a previously used wire scanner in our facility. Lastly, the paper concludes with a plan for future work on the wire scanner development.

Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batygin, Yuri K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maestas, Alfred J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pillai, Chandra [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raybun, Joseph L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sattler, F. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Brian G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01

416

Molecular Wires: Charge Transport, Mechanisms, and Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

By molecular wires, one generally means molecular structures that transmit a signal between two termini. We discuss some theoretical models and analysis for electron- ically conductive molecular wires in which a single molecule conducts charge between two electrodes. This situation resembles both intramolecular non-adiabatic electron transfer, in which electronic tunneling between donor and acceptor is seen, and mesoscopic quantum transport.

Mark A. Ratner; Bill Davis; Mathieu Kemp; Vladimiro Mujica; Adrian Roitberg; Sophia Yaliraki

1998-01-01

417

SpaceWire Architectures: Present and Future  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on current and future spacewire architectures is shown. The topics include: 1) Current Spacewire Architectures: Swift Data Flow; 2) Current SpaceWire Architectures : LRO Data Flow; 3) Current Spacewire Architectures: JWST Data Flow; 4) Current SpaceWire Architectures; 5) Traditional Systems; 6) Future Systems; 7) Advantages; and 8) System Engineer Toolkit.

Rakow, Glen Parker

2006-01-01

418

Butt welder for fine gage wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Device welds fine gage wire 0.001-in. in diameter. It permits welding of thermocouple junctions of the same size with straight sections adjacent to the junctions. Electrode arrangement provides constant pressure on the joint during welding while fully supporting the wires to prevent buckling or movement.

Kabana, W. B.

1970-01-01

419

Wire ageing with the TEA photocathode  

SciTech Connect

Recently several RICH protypes successfully tested a gaseous TEA photocathode. However, its wire ageing behavior is unknown. In principle, TEA is a more strongly bonded molecule than TMAE, and, as a result, one would expect better wire ageing behavior. This paper explores this question.

Va`vra, J.

1996-06-01

420

Twisted Pair Of Insulated Wires Senses Moisture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sensitivity of electronic moisture sensor to low levels of moisture increased by new electrode configuration. Moisture-sensing circuit described in "Low-Cost Humidity Sensor" (NPO-16544). New twisted pair of wires takes place of flat-plate capacitor in circuit. Configuration allows for thermal expansion and contraction of polymer while maintaining nearly constant area of contact between polymer and wires.

Laue, Eric G.; Stephens, James B.

1989-01-01

421

Phase transitions of superconducting wire network  

E-print Network

Phase transitions of superconducting wire network under field modulation Institute for Solid State;Normal ( = 0) R = 0 Phase transition of superconducting wire network (SWN) 1. Mean field transition o 14 o 12 o 10 o 8 o 6 o 4 o 2 o 0 o Offset:30 mK Pick up one period Compare with calculation (black

Katsumoto, Shingo

422

Phase transitions of superconducting wire network  

E-print Network

POS44 Phase transitions of superconducting wire network under field modulation Institute for Solid-13(2006)@KyotoResearchPark #12;Normal ( = 0) R = 0 Phase transition of superconducting wire network (SWN) 1. MeanK Pick up one period Compare with calculation (black dotted line) Result 8 mT = 1 0o = 0 16o = 1

Katsumoto, Shingo

423

Temperature Dependent Wire Delay Estimation in Floorplanning  

E-print Network

. INTRODUCTION With technology scaling, the feature sizes of both CMOS devices and wires shrink and designers size does not shrink but slightly increases in each new process. In fact, delay in global wires has increased steadily with technology scaling over the years and already dominates path delays. In addition

Nannarelli, Alberto

424

Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics  

DOEpatents

A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improve the strain characteristics of the wire.

Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (East Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

1982-01-01

425

Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics  

DOEpatents

A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improves the strain characteristics of the wire.

Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (E. Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

1982-01-01

426

Wire and Cable Cold Bending Test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the factors in assessing the applicability of wire or cable on the lunar surface is its flexibility under extreme cold conditions. Existing wire specifications did not address their mechanical behavior under cold, cryogenic temperature conditions. Therefore tests were performed to provide this information. To assess this characteristic 35 different insulated wire and cable pieces were cold soaked in liquid nitrogen. The segments were then subjected to bending and the force was recorded. Any failure of the insulation or jacketing was also documented for each sample tested. The bending force tests were performed at room temperature to provide a comparison to the change in force needed to bend the samples due to the low temperature conditions. The results from the bending tests were plotted and showed how various types of insulated wire and cable responded to bending under cold conditions. These results were then used to estimate the torque needed to unroll the wire under these low temperature conditions.

Colozza, Anthony

2010-01-01

427

Wiring Damage Analyses for STS OV-103  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study investigated the Shuttle Program s belief that Space Transportation System (STS) wiring damage occurrences are random, that is, a constant occurrence rate. Using Problem Reporting and Corrective Action (PRACA)-derived data for STS Space Shuttle OV-103, wiring damage was observed to increase over the vehicle s life. Causal factors could include wiring physical deterioration, maintenance and inspection induced damage, and inspection process changes resulting in more damage events being reported. Induced damage effects cannot be resolved with existent data. Growth analysis (using Crow-AMSAA, or CA) resolved maintenance/inspection effects (e.g., heightened awareness) on all wire damages and indicated an overall increase since Challenger Return-to-Flight (RTF). An increasing failure or occurrence rate per flight cycle was seen for each wire damage mode; these (individual) rates were not affected by inspection process effects, within statistical error.

Thomas, Walter, III

2006-01-01

428

Method of preparing composite superconducting wire  

DOEpatents

An improved method of preparing composite multifilament superconducting wire of Nb.sub.3 Sn in a copper matrix which eliminates the necessity of coating the drawn wire with tin. A generalized cylindrical billet of an alloy of copper containing at least 15 weight percent niobium, present in the copper as discrete, randomly distributed and oriented dendritic-shaped particles, is provided with at least one longitudinal opening which is filled with tin to form a composite drawing rod. The drawing rod is then drawn to form a ductile composite multifilament wire containing a filament of tin. The ductile wire containing the tin can then be wound into magnet coils or other devices before heating to diffuse the tin through the wire to react with the niobium forming Nb.sub.3 Sn. Also described is an improved method for making large billets of the copper-niobium alloy by consumable-arc casting.

Verhoeven, John D. (Ames, IA); Gibson, Edwin D. (Ames, IA); Finnemore, Douglas K. (Ames, IA); Ostenson, Jerome E. (Ames, IA); Schmidt, Frederick A. (Ames, IA); Owen, Charles V. (Ames, IA)

1985-08-06

429

Early expansion in exploding multiple wire arrays  

SciTech Connect

A simple model is developed for the initial stage (blow-off and the onset of pinching) of a multiple exploded wire array. With obvious modifications the model can also be applied to single wires or other self-pinched plasma columns. Each wire in the array is modeled as a plasma cylinder undergoing self-similar radial motion, and the whole array is coupled self-consistently to an external circuit. The plasma expands initially; the onset of self-pinch is shown to be coincident with the plasma conductivity reaching a value large enough for skin effect to occur. The model is run for a variety of system parameters, and the choice of machine and wire parameters to attain particular objectives (e.g., rapid current rise, limited wire expansion, etc.) is discussed.

Bloomberg, H.W.; Lampe, M.; Colombant, D.G.

1980-10-01

430

Power wire signatures in passive infrared sensors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Power cables present a persistent threat to helicopter pilots and have been responsible for a number of crashes in recent years. Active sensors are currently being developed to detect obstacles such as exposed power wires. However, the ability of passive sensors, such as forward-looking infrared (FLIR) systems currently employed on many rotary-wing aircraft, to detect such wires remains unclear. This study details observations, assumptions, and models that support the conclusion that wires are essentially reflective in nature, thus their signatures on passive thermal sensors depend principally on their surroundings. Because of this irregular nature and inconsistent appearance, predicting the performance of FLIRs in detecting wires is difficult and the utility of FLIRs as wire warning sensors is open to question.

Shea, James J.

1994-04-01

431

Intrathoracic migration of a Kirschner wire  

PubMed Central

Kirschner (K) wires can easily migrate, resulting in serious complications. We report a 49-year-old woman who had a rare and late complication related to the migration of K wire. It had been used for left hip replacement 8 years ago. The patient admitted to our hospital with breathing-dependent chest pain and increasing dyspnea for ?2 h. Chest X-ray and chest computed tomographic scans revealed the presence of a metallic image of ?5–6 cm in the right hemithorax. There was a large hemothorax but no pneumothorax. A right thoracotomy was performed and the wire was removed without complications. Surprisingly, no injury was noted to any intervening abdominal structure intra-operatively. Patients, who are treated with K wire, should be informed of the risk of wire migration and should undergo regular postoperative follow-ups including radiography. PMID:24876333

Ozarslan, Fatma; Ar?kan, Osman; Acat, Murat; Ar?kan, Muge; Temel, Volkan

2014-01-01

432

Development Status of AMSC Amperium® Wire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AMSC produces Second Generation (2G) HTS wire for utility power applications as well as coil, motor and generator solutions. In this paper, various types of AMSC's Amperium® wire suitable to power cables, fault current limiters and coils are reviewed. In addition, recently developed performance-improvements in amperage, reduced ac power loss and mechanical properties are summarized. The introduction of thicker HTS layers coupled with optimized heat treatments to enhance critical current density dramatically improve both cable and coil wire current-carrying capability. A non-magnetic RABiTSTM substrate has now been developed to the point where it is compatible with the manufacturing process and capable of sustaining large critical currents. Finally, the ability of Amperium® wires to withstand cable-winding stresses, and to exhibit the high transverse c-axis strength critical to the reliability of the wire in coils, are discussed.

Fleshler, S.; DeMoranville, K.; Gannon, J., Jr.; Li, X.; Podtburg, E.; Rupich, M. W.; Sathyamurthy, S.; Thieme, C. L. H.; Tucker, D.; Whitman, L.

2014-05-01

433

Strain tolerant microfilamentary superconducting wire  

DOEpatents

A strain tolerant microfilamentary wire capable of carrying superconducting currents is provided comprising a plurality of discontinuous filaments formed from a high temperature superconducting material. The discontinuous filaments have a length at least several orders of magnitude greater than the filament diameter and are sufficiently strong while in an amorphous state to withstand compaction. A normal metal is interposed between and binds the discontinuous filaments to form a normal metal matrix capable of withstanding heat treatment for converting the filaments to a superconducting state. The geometry of the filaments within the normal metal matrix provides substantial filament-to-filament overlap, and the normal metal is sufficiently thin to allow supercurrent transfer between the overlapped discontinuous filaments but is also sufficiently thick to provide strain relief to the filaments.

Finnemore, Douglas K. (Ames, IA); Miller, Theodore A. (Tuscon, AZ); Ostenson, Jerome E. (Ames, IA); Schwartzkopf, Louis A. (Mankato, MN); Sanders, Steven C. (Ames, IA)

1993-02-23

434

Long-Wearing Wire Guide For Welding Torch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Insert for wire-guide tube on tungsten/inert-gas welding apparatus extends life of guide tube and increases accuracy of weld. Hardened insert resists wear by sliding tungsten wire. Chamfer guides wire into insert.

Gutow, David A.; Burley, Richard K.; Gilbert, Jeffrey L.; Fogel, Irving

1992-01-01

435

75 FR 4104 - Prestressed Concrete Steel Wire Strand From China  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...by American Spring Wire Corp. (Bedford Heights, OH); Insteel Wire Products Co. (Mt. Airy, NC); and Sumiden Wire Products Corp. (Dickson...participate in the final phase of these investigations...filed no later than three days before the...

2010-01-26

436

Stiffness Corrections for the Vibration Frequency of a Stretched Wire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need of introducing corrections due to wire stiffness arising from end constraints and wire axis distribution curvature in the measurement of ac electrical frequency by exciting transverse standing waves in a stretched steel wire. (SL)

Hornung, H. G.; Durie, M. J.

1977-01-01

437

26 CFR 49.4252-6 - Wire mileage service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...radiotelephone service, and any other wire or radio circuit service...furnishing communication service. Wire mileage service ordinarily...radiotelephone, telegraph, cable, or radio, for which tolls...picture facsimile. The term “wire mileage service” does not...

2010-04-01

438

30 CFR 75.516 - Power wires; support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... § 75.516 Power wires; support. [Statutory Provision] All power wires (except trailing cables on mobile equipment, specially designed cables conducting high-voltage...insulated ground and return wires) shall be...

2010-07-01

439

46 CFR 28.370 - Wiring methods and materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Wiring methods and materials. (a) All cable and wire must have insulated, stranded copper conductors...separated so that a casualty that affects one cable does not affect the other. (d) Cable and wire for power and lighting circuits must:...

2011-10-01

440

46 CFR 28.370 - Wiring methods and materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Wiring methods and materials. (a) All cable and wire must have insulated, stranded copper conductors...separated so that a casualty that affects one cable does not affect the other. (d) Cable and wire for power and lighting circuits must:...

2012-10-01

441

26 CFR 49.4252-6 - Wire mileage service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...radiotelephone service, and any other wire or radio circuit service...furnishing communication service. Wire mileage service ordinarily...radiotelephone, telegraph, cable, or radio, for which tolls...picture facsimile. The term “wire mileage service” does not...

2011-04-01

442

46 CFR 28.370 - Wiring methods and materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Wiring methods and materials. (a) All cable and wire must have insulated, stranded copper conductors...separated so that a casualty that affects one cable does not affect the other. (d) Cable and wire for power and lighting circuits must:...

2010-10-01

443

46 CFR 28.370 - Wiring methods and materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Wiring methods and materials. (a) All cable and wire must have insulated, stranded copper conductors...separated so that a casualty that affects one cable does not affect the other. (d) Cable and wire for power and lighting circuits must:...

2013-10-01

444

30 CFR 75.516 - Power wires; support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... § 75.516 Power wires; support. [Statutory Provision] All power wires (except trailing cables on mobile equipment, specially designed cables conducting high-voltage...insulated ground and return wires) shall be...

2011-07-01

445

30 CFR 75.516 - Power wires; support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... § 75.516 Power wires; support. [Statutory Provision] All power wires (except trailing cables on mobile equipment, specially designed cables conducting high-voltage...insulated ground and return wires) shall be...

2012-07-01

446

30 CFR 75.516 - Power wires; support.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... § 75.516 Power wires; support. [Statutory Provision] All power wires (except trailing cables on mobile equipment, specially designed cables conducting high-voltage...insulated ground and return wires) shall be...

2013-07-01

447

Magnetic field-assisted synthesis of wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures: Electrochemical and photocatalytic studies  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Schematic illustration for the magnetic field-assisted growth of wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructure. Display Omitted Highlights: ? Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanowires are prepared by magnetic field hydrothermal reduction and annealing. ? These Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanowires possess enhanced capacitance. ? The Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanowires have a good photocatalytic activity for methyl orange. -- Abstract: Wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures were prepared by the combination of magnetic field-assisted hydrothermal reduction of cobalt ions and the subsequent ambient annealing at 500 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the structure and morphological evolution of the products. The results show that the wire-like nanostructures possess diameters about 250 nm and lengths over 10 ?m. The possible formation mechanism of the wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures is also proposed based on the SEM results. Galvanostatic methods were used to characterize the electrochemical properties. The measurements indicate that the wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures show larger discharge and charge capacities than that of spherical Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles prepared in the absence of magnetic field. In addition, the photocatalytic activity of the products was investigated by measuring the photodegradation of methyl orange solution under ultraviolet radiation, which shows that both the wire-like and spherical products have a good photocatalytic activity.

Zhao, Xiubin; Pang, Zhanwen [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China)] [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China); Wu, Mingzai, E-mail: mingzaiwu@gmail.com [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China) [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China); Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, Anhui (China); Liu, Xiansong; Zhang, Hui; Ma, Yongqing; Sun, Zhaoqi [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China)] [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China); Zhang, Lide [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, Anhui (China)] [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, Anhui (China); Chen, Xiaoshuang [The Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083 (China)] [The Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083 (China)

2013-01-15

448

y? Diagram, a powerful optical design method for laser systems.  

PubMed

We present a new method for synthesizing and analyzing laser systems based on the use of the y? diagram. The diagram is commonly used to represent two rays, the marginal and the chief rays, as they propagate through an optical system. Since a Gaussian beam can be represented by two rays, it is possible to use the y? diagram to represent these rays. This results in a representation of the beam as a single ray line on the y? diagram with simple graphic interpretations for the beam parameters. An equivalent representation of the Gaussian beam on the u? diagram is also presented and discussed. Complex design problems may be reduced to simple graphic problems, which often lead directly to algebraic solutions. Examples of y? diagrams are given for beam transfer through simple optical systems, including gradient optics. Diagram transformations are discussed and design examples are given of a three-element afocal system and a three-element collimator. PMID:20725196

Kessler, D; Shack, R V

1992-05-20

449

Development/Plasticity/Repair Auditory Neurons Make Stereotyped Wiring Decisions  

E-print Network

Development/Plasticity/Repair Auditory Neurons Make Stereotyped Wiring Decisions before Maturation precursors that make stereotyped wiring decisions depending on when and where they are born. Auditory

Goodrich, Lisa V.

450

State-Transition Diagrams for Biologists  

PubMed Central

It is clearly in the tradition of biologists to conceptualize the dynamical evolution of biological systems in terms of state-transitions of biological objects. This paper is mainly concerned with (but obviously not limited too) the immunological branch of biology and shows how the adoption of UML (Unified Modeling Language) state-transition diagrams can ease the modeling, the understanding, the coding, the manipulation or the documentation of population-based immune software model generally defined as a set of ordinary differential equations (ODE), describing the evolution in time of populations of various biological objects. Moreover, that same UML adoption naturally entails a far from negligible representational economy since one graphical item of the diagram might have to be repeated in various places of the mathematical model. First, the main graphical elements of the UML state-transition diagram and how they can be mapped onto a corresponding ODE mathematical model are presented. Then, two already published immune models of thymocyte behavior and time evolution in the thymus, the first one originally conceived as an ODE population-based model whereas the second one as an agent-based one, are refactored and expressed in a state-transition form so as to make them much easier to understand and their respective code easier to access, to modify and run. As an illustrative proof, for any immunologist, it should be possible to understand faithfully enough what the two software models are supposed to reproduce and how they execute with no need to plunge into the Java or Fortran lines. PMID:22844438

Bersini, Hugues; Klatzmann, David; Six, Adrien; Thomas-Vaslin, Veronique

2012-01-01

451

More on the Phase Diagram of Laponite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phase diagram of a charged colloidal system (Laponite) has been\\u000ainvestigated by dynamic light scattering in a previously unexplored range of\\u000asalt and clay concentrations. Specifically the clay weight and salt molar\\u000aconcentrations have been varied in the ranges Cw=0.004- 0.025, Cs=(1x 10^-3- 5x\\u000a10^-3) M respectively. As in the case of free salt water samples (Cs= 1x 10^-4

B. Ruzicka; L. Zulian; G. Ruocco

2006-01-01

452

The QCD Phase Diagram: Expectations and Challenges  

E-print Network

A survey is given of recent QCD theory advances concerning the phase diagram, in particular the indications for a critical point and adjacent first order phase transition at high baryo-chemical potential, and the new ideas concerning a further phase at high $\\mu_{B}$, the quarkyonic matter phase. The latter state might finally explain the hadro-chemical equilibrium freeze-out points from A+A collisions at energies below SPS energy. We review several event-by-event fluctuation signals that promise to shed a light on the existence of a critical point, and we discuss its possible reflection in recent lattice QCD calculations.

Reinhard Stock

2009-09-03

453

Wire Crimp Termination Verification Using Ultrasonic Inspection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a new ultrasonic measurement technique to quantitatively assess wire crimp terminations is discussed. The amplitude change of a compressional ultrasonic wave propagating through the junction of a crimp termination and wire is shown to correlate with the results of a destructive pull test, which is a standard for assessing crimp wire junction quality. Various crimp junction pathologies such as undercrimping, missing wire strands, incomplete wire insertion, partial insulation removal, and incorrect wire gauge are ultrasonically tested, and their results are correlated with pull tests. Results show that the nondestructive ultrasonic measurement technique consistently (as evidenced with destructive testing) predicts good crimps when ultrasonic transmission is above a certain threshold amplitude level. A physics-based model, solved by finite element analysis, describes the compressional ultrasonic wave propagation through the junction during the crimping process. This model is in agreement within 6% of the ultrasonic measurements. A prototype instrument for applying this technique while wire crimps are installed is also presented. The instrument is based on a two-jaw type crimp tool suitable for butt-splice type connections. Finally, an approach for application to multipin indenter type crimps will be discussed.

Perey, Daniel F.; Cramer, K. Elliott; Yost, William T.

2007-01-01

454

The efficiency and effectiveness of utilizing diagrams in interviews: an assessment of participatory diagramming and graphic elicitation  

PubMed Central

Background This paper focuses on measuring the efficiency and effectiveness of two diagramming methods employed in key informant interviews with clinicians and health care administrators. The two methods are 'participatory diagramming', where the respondent creates a diagram that assists in their communication of answers, and 'graphic elicitation', where a researcher-prepared diagram is used to stimulate data collection. Methods These two diagramming methods were applied in key informant interviews and their value in efficiently and effectively gathering data was assessed based on quantitative measures and qualitative observations. Results Assessment of the two diagramming methods suggests that participatory diagramming is an efficient method for collecting data in graphic form, but may not generate the depth of verbal response that many qualitative researchers seek. In contrast, graphic elicitation was more intuitive, better understood and preferred by most respondents, and often provided more contemplative verbal responses, however this was achieved at the expense of more interview time. Conclusion Diagramming methods are important for eliciting interview data that are often difficult to obtain through traditional verbal exchanges. Subject to the methodological limitations of the study, our findings suggest that while participatory diagramming and graphic elicitation have specific strengths and weaknesses, their combined use can provide complementary information that would not likely occur with the application of only one diagramming method. The methodological insights gained by examining the efficiency and effectiveness of these diagramming methods in our study should be helpful to other researchers considering their incorporation into qualitative research designs. PMID:18691410

Umoquit, Muriah J; Dobrow, Mark J; Lemieux-Charles, Louise; Ritvo, Paul G; Urbach, David R; Wodchis, Walter P

2008-01-01

455

Factors influencing the wire core and coronal plasma expansion in arrays with small numbers of wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The initial explosion phase of individual wires in a wire array may be a critical factor in the later development of the load impedance of the entire array. Factors influencing wire core and corona plasma expansion and long scale-length instability development in arrays with small numbers of wires (2-16) have been studied on the COBRA (1 MA current 100 ns risetime) and XP (500 kA current 45 ns risetime) generators at Cornell University using two frame point-projection x-ray backlighter imaging and three frame laser schlieren imaging and interferometry. The arrays were studied both as the main load of the generators and in the return current circuit. The dependence of the wire core and corona plasma development and expansion on the wire diameter, numbers of wires and current through the individual wires has been studied for Al and W wire arrays. As an example of our results we observe a nonlinear expansion of W wire cores with time.

Shelkovenko, T. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Douglass, J. D.; Blesener, I. C.; Zywicki, P. W.; Shin, J.; Kusse, B. R.; Hammer, D. A.

2006-10-01

456

In-Situ Wire Damage Detection System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An In-Situ Wire Damage Detection System (ISWDDS) has been developed that is capable of detecting damage to a wire insulation, or a wire conductor, or to both. The system will allow for realtime, continuous monitoring of wiring health/integrity and reduce the number of false negatives and false positives while being smaller, lighter in weight, and more robust than current systems. The technology allows for improved safety and significant reduction in maintenance hours for aircraft, space vehicles, satellites, and other critical high-performance wiring systems for industries such as energy production and mining. The integrated ISWDDS is comprised of two main components: (1) a wire with an innermost core conductor, an inner insulation film, a conductive layer or inherently conductive polymer (ICP) covering the inner insulation film, an outermost insulation jacket; and (2) smart connectors and electronics capable of producing and detecting electronic signals, and a central processing unit (CPU) for data collection and analysis. The wire is constructed by applying the inner insulation films to the conductor, followed by the outer insulation jacket. The conductive layer or ICP is on the outer surface of the inner insulation film. One or more wires are connected to the CPU using the smart connectors, and up to 64 wires can be monitored in real-time. The ISWDDS uses time domain reflectometry for damage detection. A fast-risetime pulse is injected into either the core conductor or conductive layer and referenced against the other conductor, producing transmission line behavior. If either conductor is damaged, then the signal is reflected. By knowing the speed of propagation of the pulse, and the time it takes to reflect, one can calculate the distance to and location of the damage.

Williams, Martha; Roberson, Luke; Tate, Lanetra; Smith, Trent; Gibson, Tracy; Medelius, Pedro; Jolley, Scott

2012-01-01

457

Colour Magnitude Diagrams of Transiting Exoplanets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Colour-Magnitude diagrams form a traditional way of representing luminous objects in the Universe and compare them to each others. Here, the photometric distances of 44 transiting exoplanetary systems were estimated. For seven of those, parallaxes confirm the methodology. From the combination of those measurements with fluxes obtained while planets were occulted by their host stars, colour-magnitude diagrams are composed in the near and mid IR. When possible, planets are plotted with field brown dwarfs who often have similar sizes and equilibrium temperatures, thus offering a natural empirical comparison sample. Exoplanets are also compared to the expected loci of pure blackbodies. In general planets do not agree with the brown dwarfs sequences, and neither do they match blackbodies. It is however possible to affirm that they are not featureless and that they display an increasing diversity in colour with decreasing intrinsic luminosity. A missing source of absorption within the [4.5 ?m] band, for some planets, would generally reconcile hot Jupiters with brown dwarfs’ cool atmospheres. Alternatively, measuring the emission of gas giants cooler than 1 000 K would disentangle whether planets’ atmospheres behave like brown dwarfs’ atmospheres, like blackbodies, or whether they form their own sequence.

Triaud, Amaury H. M. J.

2014-06-01

458

Accurate phase diagram of tetravalent DNA nanostars  

E-print Network

We evaluate, by means of molecular dynamics simulations employing a realistic DNA coarse-grained model, the phase behaviour and the structural and dynamic properties of tetravalent DNA nanostars, i.e. nanoconstructs completely made of DNA. We find that, as the system is cooled down, tetramers undergo a gas--liquid phase separation in a region of concentrations which, if the difference in salt concentration is taken into account, is comparable with the recently measured experimental phase diagram [S. Biffi \\textit{et al}, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci, \\textbf{110}, 15633 (2013)]. We also present a mean-field free energy for modelling the phase diagram based on the bonding contribution, derived by Wertheim in its studies of associating liquids, combined with mass action law expressions appropriate for DNA binding and a numerically evaluated reference free energy. The resulting free energy qualitatively reproduces the numerical data. Finally, we report information on the nanostar structure, e.g. geometry and flexibility of the single tetramer and of the collective behaviour, providing a useful reference for future small angle scattering experiments, for all investigated temperatures and concentrations.

Lorenzo Rovigatti; Francesca Bomboi; Francesco Sciortino

2014-01-13

459

Magnetic phase diagrams of UNiGe  

SciTech Connect

UNiGe undergoes two magnetic transitions in zero field. Here, the magnetic diagrams of UNiGe for B {parallel} b and B {parallel} c are reported. We performed temperatures scans of the magnetization in static magnetic fields up to 19.5T applied along the b and c axes. For both orientations 3 magnetic phases have been identified in the B-T diagrams. We confirmed the previously reported phase boundaries for B {parallel} c, and in addition we determined the location of the phase boundaries for B {parallel} b. We discuss a possible relationship of the two zero-field antiferromagnetic phases (commensurate: T<42K; incommensurate: 42K

Nakotte, H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Hagmusa, I.H.; Klaasse, J.C.P. [Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands). Van der Waals-Zeeman Inst.; Nakotte, H.; Lacerda, A.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Hagmusa, I.H.; Klaasse, J.C.P. [Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands). Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute] [and others

1997-11-01

460

Recent Results in Ring-Diagram Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ring-diagram technique was developed by Frank Hill 25 years ago and matured quickly during the late 1990s. It is nowadays one of the most commonly used techniques in local helioseismology. The method consists in the power spectral analysis of solar acoustic oscillations on small regions (2° to 30°) of the solar surface. The power spectrum resembles a set of trumpets nested inside each other and for a given frequency, it looks like a ring, hence the technique's name. It provides information on the horizontal flow field and thermodynamic structure in the layers immediately below the photosphere. With data regularly provided by MDI, GONG, and more recently HMI, many important results have been achieved. In recently years, these results include estimations of the meridional circulation and its evolution with solar cycle; flows associated with active regions, as well as, flow divergence and vorticity, and thermal structure beneath and around active regions. Much progress is expected with data now provided by HMI's high spatial resolution observations and high duty cycle. There are two data processing pipelines (GONG and HMI) providing free access to the data and the results of the ring-diagram analysis. Here we will discuss the most recent results and improvements in the technique, as well as, the many challenges that still remain.

Rabello-Soares, M. C.

2013-12-01

461

Instability Regions in the Upper HR Diagram  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following instability regions for blueward evolving supergiants are outlined and compared: (1) Areas in the Hertzsprung-Russell(HR) diagram where stars are dynamically unstable. (2) Areas where the effective acceleration in the upper part of the photospheres is negative, hence directed outward. (3) Areas where the sonic points of the stellar wind (Where wind velocity = sound velocity) are situated inside the photospheres, at a level deeper than tau(sub Ross) = 0.01. We compare the results with the positions of actual stars in the HR diagram and we find evidence that the recent strong contraction of the yellow hypergiant HR8752 was initiated in a period during which (g(sub eff)) is less than 0, whereupon the star became dynamically unstable. The instability and extreme shells around IRC+10420 are suggested to be related to three factors: (g(sub eff)) is less than 0; the sonic point is situated inside the photosphere; and the star is dynamically unstable.

deJager, Cornelis; Lobel, Alex; Nieuwenhuijzen, Hans; Stothers, Richard; Hansen, James E. (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

462

Critical point analysis of phase envelope diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Phase diagram or phase envelope is a relation between temperature and pressure that shows the condition of equilibria between the different phases of chemical compounds, mixture of compounds, and solutions. Phase diagram is an important issue in chemical thermodynamics and hydrocarbon reservoir. It is very useful for process simulation, hydrocarbon reactor design, and petroleum engineering studies. It is constructed from the bubble line, dew line, and critical point. Bubble line and dew line are composed of bubble points and dew points, respectively. Bubble point is the first point at which the gas is formed when a liquid is heated. Meanwhile, dew point is the first point where the liquid is formed when the gas is cooled. Critical point is the point where all of the properties of gases and liquids are equal, such as temperature, pressure, amount of substance, and others. Critical point is very useful in fuel processing and dissolution of certain chemicals. Here in this paper, we will show the critical point analytically. Then, it will be compared with numerical calculations of Peng-Robinson equation by using Newton-Raphson method. As case studies, several hydrocarbon mixtures are simulated using by Matlab.

Soetikno, Darmadi; Kusdiantara, Rudy; Puspita, Dila; Sidarto, Kuntjoro A.; Siagian, Ucok W. R.; Soewono, Edy; Gunawan, Agus Y.

2014-03-01

463

Revisiting the phase diagram of hard ellipsoids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, the well-known Frenkel-Mulder phase diagram of hard ellipsoids of revolution [D. Frenkel and B. M. Mulder, Mol. Phys. 55, 1171 (1985)] is revisited by means of replica exchange Monte Carlo simulations. The method provides good sampling of dense systems and so, solid phases can be accessed without the need of imposing a given structure. At high densities, we found plastic solids and fcc-like crystals for semi-spherical ellipsoids (prolates and oblates), and SM2 structures [P. Pfleiderer and T. Schilling, Phys. Rev. E 75, 020402 (2007)] for x : 1-prolates and 1 : x-oblates with x >= 3. The revised fluid-crystal and isotropic-nematic transitions reasonably agree with those presented in the Frenkel-Mulder diagram. An interesting result is that, for small system sizes (100 particles), we obtained 2:1- and 1.5:1-prolate equations of state without transitions, while some order is developed at large densities. Furthermore, the symmetric oblate cases are also reluctant to form ordered phases.

Odriozola, Gerardo

2012-04-01

464

Investigation of wire motion in superconducting magnets  

SciTech Connect

The large Lorentz forces occuring during the excitation of superconducting magnets can provoke sudden motions of wire, which eventually release enough energy to trigger a quench. These wire motions are accompanied by two electromagnetic effects: an induced emf along the moved wire, and a local change in flux caused by the minute dislocation of current. Both effects cause spikes in the coil voltage. Voltage data recorded during the excitation of a superconducting quadrupole magnet which early exhibit such events are here reported. Interpretations of the voltage spikes in terms of energy release are also presented, leading to insights on the spectrum of the disturbances which occur in real magnets. 15 refs.

Ogitsu, T.; Tsuchiya, K. (National Lab. for High Energy Physics, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)); Devred, A. (National Lab. for High Energy Physics, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan) Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (USA))

1990-09-01

465

Fast wire scanner for intense electron beams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a cost-effective, fast rotating wire scanner for use in accelerators where high beam currents would otherwise melt even carbon wires. This new design uses a simple planetary gear setup to rotate a carbon wire, fixed at one end, through the beam at speeds in excess of 20 m/s. We present results from bench tests, as well as transverse beam profile measurements taken at Cornell's high-brightness energy recovery linac photoinjector, for beam currents up to 35 mA.

Moore, T.; Agladze, N. I.; Bazarov, I. V.; Bartnik, A.; Dobbins, J.; Dunham, B.; Full, S.; Li, Y.; Liu, X.; Savino, J.; Smolenski, K.

2014-02-01

466

Bright Core-Shell Semiconductor Quantum Wires  

PubMed Central

Colloidal CdTe quantum wires are reported having ensemble photoluminescence efficiencies as high as 25% under low excitation-power densities. High photoluminescence efficiencies are achieved by formation of a monolayer CdS shell on the CdTe quantum wires. Like other semiconductor nanowires, the CdTe quantum wires may contain frequent wurtzite–zinc-blende structural alternations along their lengths. The present results demonstrate that the optical properties, emission-peak shape and photoluminescence efficiencies, are independent of the presence or absence of such structural alternations. PMID:23095017

Liu, Yi-Hsin; Wang, Fudong; Hoy, Jessica; Wayman, Virginia L.; Steinberg, Lindsey K.; Loomis, Richard A.; Buhro, William E.

2012-01-01

467

Pulse speed on a plucked wire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper serves to update an elegant experiment published in The Physics Teacher to measure the speed of a pulse on a taut metal wire. Unfortunately, commercially available units2 that serve the same purpose are priced outside the range of most high school or college physics teaching laboratories. Wakeland et al. show how an affordable adaptation of the traditional standing wave apparatus using taut metal wire and horseshoe magnets can be used to measure the speed of a pulse by using an oscilloscope to measure an induced voltage in the wire as the pulse transverses the middle of the magnets, which are a known distance apart.

Odekirk, Tristan; Slaton, William V.

2012-04-01

468

Method of producing high temperature superconductor wires  

SciTech Connect

This patent application discloses a process for producing a superconductor wire by: (a) coating the inner surface of a steel tube with a thin layer of silver metal; (b) packing the tube with high temperature superconductor ceramic (HTSC) powder; (c) sealing the tube; (d) cold working the tube to reduce its diameter; and (e) etching or dissolving away the steel tube to leave a superconductor wire comprising the silver metal coating that was on the inner surface of the steel tube as a thin silver metal sheath which encapsulates the HTSC powder. The superconductor wire can be further treated by sintering or oxygenating the HTSC powder.

Ferrando, W.A.; Divecha, A.P.; Kerr, J.

1992-01-01

469

Experimental setup to detect superconducting wire motion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An experimental setup was designed and fabricated to study superconducting wire motion under the influence of electromagnetic force. Experiments were conducted at 4.2 K by varying the experimental conditions such as the tension to the superconducting wire and different insulating materials at the interface of the superconducting wire and head part. The insulating materials used in the experiments were polyimide film and a high strength polyethylene fiber cloth, Dyneema. Details of the experimental setup and the test results are reported in this paper.

Ruwali, K.; Yamanaka, A.; Teramoto, Y.; Nakanishi, K.; Hosoyama, K.

2009-04-01

470

Wire-rope emplacement of diagnostics systems  

SciTech Connect

The study reported here was initiated to determine if, with the Cable Downhole System (CDS) currently under development, there is an advantage to using continuous wire rope to lower the emplacement package to the bottom of the hole. A baseline design using two wire ropes as well as several alternatives are discussed in this report. It was concluded that the advantages of the wire-rope emplacement system do not justify the cost of converting to such a system, especially for LLNL's maximum emplacement package weights.

Burden, W.L.

1982-05-07

471

Experiments measuring the initial energy deposition, expansion rates and morphology of exploding wires with about 1 kA/wire  

SciTech Connect

Wire-array Z-pinch implosion experiments begin with wire heating, explosion, and plasma formation phases that are driven by an initial 50--100 ns, 0--1 kA/wire portion of the current pulse. This paper presents expansion rates for the dense, exploding wire cores for several wire materials under these conditions, with and without insulating coatings, and shows that these rates are related to the energy deposition prior to plasma formation around the wire. The most rapid and uniform expansion occurs for wires in which the initial energy deposition is a substantial fraction of the energy required to completely vaporize the wire. Conversely, wire materials with less energy deposition relative to the vaporization energy show complex internal structure and the slowest, most nonuniform expansion. This paper also presents calibrated radial density profiles for some Ag wire explosions, and structural details present in some wire explosions, such as foam-like appearance, stratified layers and gaps.

Sinars, D. B.; Hu, Min; Chandler, K. M.; Shelkovenko, T. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Greenly, J. B.; Hammer, D. A.; Kusse, B. R.

2001-01-01

472

MHD simulation of wire ablation and implosion in wire-array Z-pinch  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of ablated tungsten wire in the wire-array Z-pinch on MAGPIE using the GORGON code. The simulation is incorporated with theoretical models of equation-of-state and electrical conductivities for nonideal plasmas in addition to an astrophysical model for radiation cooling effects. The dynamic behaviors of exploding wire plasma are demonstrated in a two-dimensional domain during the early

Deok-Kyu Kim; Jeremy P. Chittenden; Sergey V. Lebedev; A. Marocchino; F. Suzuki-Vidal

2010-01-01

473

Investigation of Carbon Wire X-pinch backlighting for Pulsed Power Driven Exploding Wire Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploding wire experiments have many important applications, including inertial confinement fusion research and laboratory astrophysical plasmas. Understanding of the dynamics of wire arrays is crucial to these applications. Details of wire ablation remain somewhat unclear, which lead to uncertainties in scaling to higher drive currents. The ablated coronal plasma is typically investigated using x-rays in the 3-5 keV range, however

Sean McGraw; Simon Bott; Farhat Beg

2009-01-01

474

Frequency Responses Of Hot-Wire Anemometers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report describes theoretical study of frequency response of constant-temperature hot-wire anemometer, with view toward increasing frequency response while maintaining stable operation in supersonic flow. Effects of various circuit parameters discussed.

Watmuff, Jonathan H.

1992-01-01

475

A constant temperature hot-wire anemometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A compact, inexpensive, constant temperature hot-wire anemometer circuit using solid state operational amplifiers is described. A theoretical expression for frequency response and an experimental check are given. Theoretical and experimental response data for an existing unit are shown.

J C Wyngaard; J L Lumley

1967-01-01

476

Copyright and Wire Broadcasting Under Belgian Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of a case whereby substantial damages, if not criminal proceedings, will sanction, according to circumstances, both television organizations and those who in certain conditions distribute their programs by wire or communicate them to the public. (Author/HB)

Namurois, Albert

1975-01-01

477

An advanced arc track resistant airframe wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tensolite, a custom cable manufacturer specializing in high temperature materials as the dielectric medium, develops an advance arc track resistant airframe wire called Tufflite 2000. Tufflite 2000 has the following advantages over the other traditional wires: lighter weight and smaller in diameter; excellent wet and dry arc track resistance; superior dynamic cut-through performance even at elevated temperatures; flight proven performance on Boeing 737 and 757 airplanes; and true 260 C performance by utilizing Nickel plated copper conductors. This paper reports the different tests performed on Tufflite 2000: accelerated aging, arc resistance (wet and dry), dynamic cut through, humidity resistance, wire-to-wire abrasion, flammability, smoke, weight, notch sensitivity, flexibility, and markability. It particularly focuses on the BSI (British Standards Institute) dry arc resistance test and BSI wet arc tracking.

Beatty, J.

1995-01-01

478

Evaluation of Wiring Constructions for Space Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A NASA Office of Safety and Mission Assurance (OS&MA) program to develop lightweight, reliable, and safe wiring insulations for aerospace applications is being performed by the NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC). As part of this effort, a new wiring construction utilizing high strength PTFE (poly tetrafluoroethylene) as the insulation has been tested and compared with the existing military standard polyimide-based MIL-W-81381 wire construction. Electrical properties which were investigated included ac corona inception and extinction voltages (sea level and 60,000 feet), time/current to smoke, and wire fusing time. The two constructions were also characterized in terms of their mechanical properties of flexural strength, abrasion resistance (23 C and 150 C), and dynamic cut-through (23 C and 200 C). The results obtained in this testing effort are presented and discussed in this paper.

Hammoud, Ahmad N.; Stavnes, Mark W.; Dickman, John E.; Burkhardt, Linda A.; Woodford, Lynn M.; Ide, James R.; Muegge, ED

1994-01-01

479

Development of tunable terahertz wire lasers  

E-print Network

We report a novel tuning mechanism based on a “wire-laser” with subwavelength transverse dimensions(w??). By manipulating the waveguided mode propagating outside the cavity, frequency tuning of ?137GHz (3.6%) is demonstrated ...

Hu, Qing

480

Printed wiring board system programmer's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The printed wiring board system provides automated techniques for the design of printed circuit boards and hybrid circuit boards. The system consists of four programs: (1) the preprocessor program combines user supplied data and pre-defined library data to produce the detailed circuit description data; (2) the placement program assigns circuit components to specific areas of the board in a manner that optimizes the total interconnection length of the circuit; (3) the organizer program assigns pin interconnections to specific board levels and determines the optimal order in which the router program should attempt to layout the paths connecting the pins; and (4) the router program determines the wire paths which are to be used to connect each input pin pair on the circuit board. This document is intended to serve as a programmer's reference manual for the printed wiring board system. A detailed description of the internal logic and flow of the printed wiring board programs is included.

Brinkerhoff, C. D.

1973-01-01

481

Wiring test program insulation material related properties  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation provides an overview of activities at DASA-RI concerning the testing of wires for manned spacecraft, including test facilities, arc-tracking tests, flammability tests, microgravity tests, and standardization, and outlines future activities.

Reher, Heinz-Josef

1995-01-01

482

Fatal electrocution by a support metal wire.  

PubMed

Electrocution is not an uncommon cause of death. A case of fatal electrocution by a metal wire that was used as a support for the insulated television cable wire is reported. Electric current flowed through the metal wire when it touched the residential power line. Electrical injury caused because of contact with the live metal wire is described with histopathological findings. This case reports the circumstances that led to accidental fatal electrocution in an outdoor setting during the rainy season. Significance of death scene investigation to confirm the cause and manner of death in cases of fatal electrocution is highlighted. Public awareness programs to lay emphasis on electrical safety in domestic environment need to be introduced to prevent fatalities resulting from ignorance and/or negligence. PMID:20345779

Shetty, B Suresh Kumar; Kanchan, Tanuj; Shetty, Mahabalesh; Naik, Ramadas; Menezes, Ritesh G; Sameer, K S Muhammed; Hasan, Faisal

2010-05-01

483

Using Eye Tracking to Investigate Semantic and Spatial Representations of Scientific Diagrams During Text-Diagram Integration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigated strategies used by readers when reading a science article with a diagram and assessed whether semantic and spatial representations were constructed while reading the diagram. Seventy-one undergraduate participants read a scientific article while tracking their eye movements and then completed a reading comprehension test. Our results showed that the text-diagram referencing strategy was commonly used. However, some readers adopted other reading strategies, such as reading the diagram or text first. We found all readers who had referred to the diagram spent roughly the same amount of time reading and performed equally well. However, some participants who ignored the diagram performed more poorly on questions that tested understanding of basic facts. This result indicates that dual coding theory may be a possible theory to explain the phenomenon. Eye movement patterns indicated that at least some readers had extracted semantic information of the scientific terms when first looking at the diagram. Readers who read the scientific terms on the diagram first tended to spend less time looking at the same terms in the text, which they read after. Besides, presented clear diagrams can help readers process both semantic and spatial information, thereby facilitating an overall understanding of the article. In addition, although text-first and diagram-first readers spent similar total reading time on the text and diagram parts of the article, respectively, text-first readers had significantly less number of saccades of text and diagram than diagram-first readers. This result might be explained as text-directed reading.

Jian, Yu-Cin; Wu, Chao-Jung

2014-10-01

484

Wrinkle-Free Hydroforming of Wire Mesh  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Plastic films lubricate workpiece so it deforms smoothly. Thin layers of plastic below top die and above bottom die ensure wire screen slides as shaped by hydroforming. Plastic layers are 0.0043 in. (0.11 m) thick. Preformed to contours of dies and final workpiece. New method of hydroforming fine-wire-mesh heat-shield screens eliminates wrinkles and marks. Prevents screen from being damaged and pores from becoming blocked.

Fadness, J.

1986-01-01

485

A Magnetic Sensor with Amorphous Wire  

PubMed Central

Using a FeCoSiB amorphous wire and a coil wrapped around it, we have developed a sensitive magnetic sensor. When a 5 mm long amorphous wire with the diameter of 0.1 mm was used, the magnetic field noise spectrum of the sensor was about 30 pT/?Hz above 30 Hz. To show the sensitivity and the spatial resolution, the magnetic field of a thousand Japanese yen was scanned with the magnetic sensor. PMID:24940865

He, Dongfeng; Shiwa, Mitsuharu

2014-01-01

486

Vacuum Calorimetry in Exploding Wire Studies  

E-print Network

A method of using vacuum calorimetry as a means of determining directly the energy deposited in an electrically exploded wire is presented. This energy determination is compared with that given by the time integral of the product of voltage and current. A definite reproducible pattern of the explosion products is deposited on the walls of the calorimeter, which may be used as a means of understanding the behavior of the wire during the explosion.

Mario Rabinowitz

2003-07-24

487

Cylindrical Wire Electrical Discharge Machining Process Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of applying the wire Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) process to generate precise cylindrical forms on hard, difficult-to-machine materials are presented. A precise, flexible, and corrosion-resistant underwater rotary spindle was designed and added to a conventional two-axis wire EDM machine to enable the generation of free-form cylindrical geometries. A detailed spindle error analysis identifies the major source of error at

Jun Qu; Albert J. Shih; Ron O. Scattergood; Samuel B. McSpadden

488

High Tc superconductors - Composite wire fabrication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fabrication of fine-wire, composite superconductors consisting of a high-conductivity normal metal shell, such as Ag or Cu\\/Ni\\/Au, and a superconducting core of Ba2YCu3O oxide is described. The functions of the normal metal shell and the importance of using the proper diffusion barrier metals are discussed. A resistivity-temperature curve for the composite wire Ag\\/Ba2YCu3O7 is examined, and the compound inside

S. Jin; R. C. Sherwood; R. B. van Dover; T. H. Tiefel; D. W. Johnson Jr.

1987-01-01

489

The fabrication of a ceramic superconducting wire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using appropriate additions of polymeric binders, it has been possible to extrude wires from YBa2Cu3Ox powders between 70 and 100 degrees C and at pressures of <1.0 MPa. It has also been possible to produce coils by winding the wire, as it left the extrusion die, onto a suitable mould. After burning off the binder components at temperatures up to

M. A. Lusk; J. A. Lund; A. C. D. Chaklader; M. Burbank; A. A. Fife; S. Lee; B. Taylor; J. Vrba

1988-01-01

490

Commercialization of ceramic superconductor composite wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in the development of high-temperature superconductor (HTS) composite wires demonstrate an increasingly realistic potential for commercial applications, such as power transmission cables, motors, and superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems. Successful commercialization requires the development of manufacturing technologies that can produce high-performance, low-cost HTS wires. The achievement of this goal has been occurring through an understanding of the

G. N. Riley; W. L. Carter

1993-01-01

491

Analysis of plasma-treated wire insulation  

SciTech Connect

A method was developed, and fixtures were built to test the bond strength of wire insulation. Bond strength comparisons were made between dissimilar insulation types to determine how they would respond to potting materials or adhesives after plasma treatment. five different types of insulation were tested for bondability. These wire insulation types were being considered for substitution to improve manufacturability. The results show that all the insulation types responded to the plasma treatment but that polyolefin had higher bonding strength.

Hester, M.

1992-07-01

492

Lansce Wire Scanning Diagnostics Device Mechanical Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Accelerator Operations & Technology Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory operates a linear particle accelerator which utilizes 110 wire scanning diagnostics devices to gain position and intensity information of the proton beam. In the upcoming LANSCE improvements, 51 of these wire scanners are to be replaced with a new design, up-to-date technology and off-the-shelf components. This document outlines the

Sergio Rodriguez Esparza; Yuri K. Batygin; John D. Gilpatrick; Michael E. Gruchalla; Alfred J. Maestas; Chandra Pillai; Joseph L. Raybun; F. D. Sattler; James Daniel Sedillo; Brian G. Smith

2011-01-01

493

Problems with aging wiring in Naval aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Navy is experiencing a severe aircraft electrical wiring maintenance problem as a result of the extensive use of an aromatic polyimide insulation that is deteriorating at a rate that was unexpected when this wire was initially selected. This problem has significantly affected readiness, reliability, and safety and has greatly increased the cost of ownership of Naval aircraft. Failures in wire harnesses have exhibited arcing and burning that will propagate drastically, to the interruption of many electrical circuits from a fault initiated by the failure of deteriorating wires. There is an urgent need for a capability to schedule aircraft rewiring in an orderly manner with a logically derived determination of which aircraft have aged to the point of absolute necessity. Excessive maintenance was demonstrated to result from the accelerated aging due to the parameters of moisture, temperature, and strain that exist in the Naval Aircraft environment. Laboratory studies have demonstrated that MIL-W-81381 wire insulation when aged at high humidities followed the classical Arrhenius thermal aging relationship. In an extension of the project a multifactor formula was developed that is now capable of predicting life under varying conditions of these service parameters. An automated test system has also been developed to analyze the degree of deterioration that has occurred in wires taken from an aircraft in order to obtain an assessment of remaining life. Since it is both physically and financially impossible to replace the wiring in all the Navy's aircraft at once, this system will permit expedient scheduling so that those aircraft that are most probable to have wiring failure problems can be overhauled first.

Campbell, Frank J.

1994-01-01

494

Tracking with wire chambers at the SSC  

SciTech Connect

Limitations placed on wire chambers by radiation damage and rate requirements in the SSC environment are reviewed. Possible conceptual designs for wire chamber tacking systems that meet these requirements are discussed. Computer simulation studies of tracking in such systems are presented. Simulations of events from interesting physics at the SSC, including hits from minimum bias background events, are examined. Results of some preliminary pattern recognition studies are given. 13 refs., 11 fig., 1 tab.

Hanson, G.G.; Gundy, M.C.; Palounek, A.P.T.

1989-07-01

495

'Chrysanthemum petal' arrangements of silver nano wires.  

PubMed

Highly ordered 'Chrysanthemum petal' arrangements of silver nano wires were fabricated in a biodegradable polymer of polyvinyl alcohol using a simple one-step blending method without any template. The degree of the arrangement increased with the decreasing content of polyvinyl alcohol. The mechanism for the formation of these 'Chrysanthemum petal' arrangements was discussed specifically. These 'Chrysanthemum petal' arrangements will be helpful to increase the electrical conductivity of silver nano wires films. PMID:25397618

Cui, Hui-Wang; Jiu, Jin-Ting; Sugahara, Tohru; Nagao, Shijo; Suganuma, Katsuaki; Uchida, Hiroshi

2014-12-01

496

Density measurements in exploding wire-initiated plasmas using tungsten wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calibrated density measurements have been obtained of the coronal plasmas around exploding 7.5-40 mum W wires carrying 15-120 kA per wire for 30-70 ns. X-ray radiographs of the exploding wire plasmas using 2.5-10 keV photons from a Mo wire X-pinch backlighter enabled measurements of areal densities of W ranging from 2×1017\\/cm2, equivalent to 0.03 mum of solid density W, to

S. A. Pikuz; T. A. Shelkovenko; A. R. Mingaleev; D. A. Hammer; H. P. Neves

1999-01-01

497

Density measurements in exploding wire-initiated plasmas using tungsten wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calibrated density measurements have been obtained of the coronal plasmas around exploding 7.5–40 ?m W wires carrying 15–120 kA per wire for 30–70 ns. X-ray radiographs of the exploding wire plasmas using 2.5–10 keV photons from a Mo wire X-pinch backlighter enabled measurements of areal densities of W ranging from 2×1017\\/cm2, equivalent to 0.03 ?m of solid density W, to

S. A. Pikuz; T. A. Shelkovenko; A. R. Mingaleev; D. A. Hammer; H. P. Neves

1999-01-01

498

Air flow sensing using micro-wire-bonded hair-like hot-wire anemometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce a novel, low-cost and high-performance hot-wire air flow sensor which utilizes a bond-wire as the sensing element. Standard wire-bonding methods are used to form the hot-wire sensor, similar to those used in post-process integrated circuit (IC) packaging, so sensor fabrication is IC-compatible. The bond-wire extends above the surface of the substrate, saving the valuable chip area and allowing the formation of dense arrays of sensors for this and other applications such as inertial sensors. This hair-like hot-wire anemometer offers high accuracy, high sensitivity and wide dynamic range. Fabricated aluminum and platinum wire flow sensors have a measurement range from 1 cm s-1 to 17.5 m s-1, with an accuracy of 0.06% (platinum wire, 3.3 V) in the low flow regime (<50 cm s-1) and 2.5% (aluminum wire, 3.3 V) in the high flow regime (>2 m s-1).

Sadeghi, M. M.; Peterson, R. L.; Najafi, K.

2013-08-01

499

Last Progress in Underwater Electrical Wire Explosion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of the investigation of the underwater electrical wire explosions using a high power nanosecond timescale generator are reported. The spectroscopic analysis of the emitted radiation has unveiled no evidence for the formation of shunting plasma channel. The latter appears in vacuum and gas wire explosions and causes to the seizure of energy deposition into an exploding wire material. The combination of mechanism for the suppression of formation of shunting channel together with the increased energy deposition rate allow busting the efficiency of energy deposition into the exploding wire. Estimated energy deposition into Cu and Al wire material of up to 200 eV/atom was reported. Careful analysis of the generated shock waves show, that 15 % of the deposited energy is transferred into the mechanical energy of the produced water flow. In addition experiments with converging shock waves produced by underwater explosion of cylindrical wire arrays demonstrated the possibility of producing shock waves with pressure amplitude up to 0.25 Mbar at 0.1 mm distance from the axis of the implosion.

Grinenko, Alon; Sayapin, Arkady; Efimov, Sergey; Fedotov, Alexander; Krasik, Yakov E.

500

Chemistry of radiation damage to wire chambers  

SciTech Connect

Proportional counters are used to study aspects of radiation damage to wire chambers (wire aging). Principles of low-pressure, rf plasma chemistry are used to predict the plasma chemistry in electron avalanches (1 atm, dc). (1) Aging is studied in CF{sub 4}/iC{sub 4}H{sub 10} gas mixtures. Wire deposits are analyzed by Auger electron spectroscopy. An apparent cathode aging process resulting in loss of gain rather than in a self-sustained current is observed in CF{sub 4}-rich gases. A four-part model considering plasma polymerization of the hydrocarbon, etching of wire deposits by CF{sub 4}, acceleration of deposition processes in strongly etching environments, and reactivity of the wire surface is developed to understand anode wire aging in CF{sub 4}/iC{sub 4}H{sub 10} gases. Practical guidelines suggested by the model are discussed. (2) Data are presented to suggest that trace amounts of Freons do not affect aging rates in either dimethyl ether or Ar/C{sub 2}H{sub 6}. Apparent loss of gain is explained by attachment of primary electrons to a continuously increasing concentration of Freon 11 (CCl{sub 3}F) in the counter gas. An increase in the concentration of Freon 11 in dimethyl ether is caused by a distillation process in the gas supply bottle and is a natural consequence of the unequal volatilities of the two compounds.

Wise, J.

1992-08-01