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1

Schematic diagram of (VDT) - open throat design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Schematic diagram of Variable-Density Tunnel (VDT) - open throat design. Eastman Jacobs and Ira Abbott note in NACA TR 416 (p. 305) that a serious fire destroyed the tunnel (not the steel shell) in August 1927. The original design had a closed-throat test section five feet in diameter. After the fire it was decided to convert to an open throat design as depicted here. Jacobs and Abbott reported that this design was not satisfactory. 'The difficulties, which included excessive vibration, unsteady velocity at the test section, a rather large pressure gradient along the axis of the test section, and excessive effects of extraneous air currents on the balance, were overcome by rebuilding parts of the tunnel.' L2742.03: After a fire in August 1927 destroyed the VDT (not the steel shell), engineers decided to replace the original closed throat design with an open throat test section. This was wholly unsatisfactory and was immediately replaced with a new closed-throat design. Eastman Jacobs and Ira Abbott wrote: 'The whole interior structure was changed to the closed-throat type. A new exit cone having a smaller divergence angle and a new entrance cone having a better form were built. The synchronous-drive motor was replaced by a direct-current motor. These changes were completed in December, 1930.' (NACA TR No. 416, p. 305)

1928-01-01

2

Telesynergy V3 Wiring Diagram  

Cancer.gov

Extron 8 port Video/Audio Switch WAVE Camera Telesynergy v3 Wiring Diagram ISDN T1/PRI Module CTRLR 0 Legend: S-Video Audio VGA DVI USB RS-232 Serial Microphone Ethernet Planar C5i AMD Exam Cam Canon Document Camera Olympus BX51 Sony DVD Recorder JVC

3

Figure 1. Schematic diagram of a carbon nanotube transistor: (a) cross section view; (b) top view [3].  

E-print Network

(a) (b) Figure 1. Schematic diagram of a carbon nanotube transistor: (a) cross section view; (b transistor, the Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistor (CNTFET) avoids most of the fundamental limitations to the CMOS 6T SRAM design. Keywords-Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistor; SRAM design; high performance

Ayers, Joseph

4

Systematic study of surface magnetism in Si(111)-Fe system grown by solid phase epitaxy: In situ schematic magnetic phase diagram of Si(111)-Fe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have studied in situ structures and magnetic properties for several iron silicides grown on Si(111)7×7 clean surfaces by the solid phase epitaxy (SPE) method: deposition of Fe at 40 K and subsequently annealing, and summarized almost all silicide phases depending on the deposition thickness and the annealing temperature as a “schematic magnetic phase diagram”. In the SPE growth, bcc-Fe(111)1×1, c-FeSi(111)1×1, 2×2, and c(4×8), ?-FeSi2(112)2×2, ?-FeSi(111)?3 ×? 3-R30°, ?-FeSi2(101)/(110) and polycrystalline phases are formed on Si(111)7×7 surfaces depending on Fe coverage (0.15-10.0 nm) and annealing temperature (470-1070 K). The structures and magnetic properties of all the above Fe silicide phases have been characterized by using in situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction, scanning tunneling microscopy, and surface magneto-optical Kerr effect. Bulk-unstable c-FeSi phases showed ferromagnetic property at 40 K and this ferromagnetism remained even after air exposure. For the c-FeSi(111)/Si(111) system, the large spin polarization was proposed at the Fe interface atoms in the B5-type interface structure between the c-FeSi(111) ultra-thin film and the Si(111) substrate by first-principle calculations.

Hattori, Azusa N.; Hattori, Ken; Kataoka, Keita; Takematsu, Emi; Ishii, Akira; Komori, Fumio; Daimon, Hiroshi

2014-08-01

5

Determining the Sign of the Index in Metamaterials Composed of Split Ring Resonators and Strip Wires Using Dispersion Diagrams or  

E-print Network

of refraction. To determine the correct sign of the index two methods are investigated. The first uses Wires Using Dispersion Diagrams or the Insertion Phase J. F. Woodley, M. S. Wheeler, M. Mojahedi of Toronto, Toronto M5S 2E4, Canada ABSTRACT Using full wave simulations the behavior of two structures

Mojahedi, Mohammad

6

Tracking the individual magnetic wires' switchings in ferromagnetic nanowire arrays using the first-order reversal curves (FORC) diagram method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The complex hysteretic properties observed in structured ferromagnetic materials can be revealed with remarkable details in magnetization processes like the first-order reversal curves (FORC) - a characterization technique extensively used in recent years. The really fundamental problem in the analysis of experimental FORC diagrams is related to the possibility to link the hysteretic properties of real physical entities in a unique way with regions from the FORC distributions. Actually, what many scientists are often doing is to use a Preisach-type interpretation of FORC data without a proof for the accuracy of this procedure. In this paper we analyze in detail the relation between the switching events of physical entities given by the Preisach function and the FORC distribution in magnetic nanowire arrays with the aim to show the limits of the conventional interpretation of FORC data. For this type of sample we show how the real switching events are contributing to the experimental diagram. We present in a systematic manner the way in which the switchings of the physical wires are observed multiple times (both as positive or negative contributions). The multiplicity of switching occurrences is not the same for all the wires in the sample, being dependent on the wire intrinsic coercivity and its position in the array. In this manner one can track the switchings contributions of real magnetic wires on the FORC diagram.

Dobrot?, Costin-Ionu?; Stancu, Alexandru

2015-01-01

7

Nano-Resolution X-ray Tomography for Deciphering Wiring Diagram of Mammalian Brain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neural circuits in the central nervous system are the substrate of various high-order brain functions. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying neuronal information processing in the brain. Anatomical and functional graph structures of neural networks with actual connections will provide us with perspectives to elucidate the brain complexity. Here, we aim to develop a three-dimensional mouse brain atlas of neural circuits using nano-resolution x-ray tomography by synchrotron radiation. In addition to identifying a large number of synapses, our research will also clarify the structure of neuronal networks for understanding the most complex organ in the body. In this study, we observed metal-stained biological tissues of the mouse brain using hard x-ray Zernike-type phase-contrast microscopy with 60-nm resolution at SPring-8. As a result, the nano-resolution hard x-ray phase-contrast microscope revealed nerve fibers and organelles including mitochondria and synapses in the neural tissue. In the near future, this information will be utilized to begin deciphering the wiring diagram of the brain by using nano-resolution x-ray tomography.

Mizutani, H.; Sagara, H.; Takeuchi, A.; Ohigashi, T.; Yashiro, W.; Uesugi, K.; Suzuki, Y.; Momose, A.; Takagi, T.

2011-09-01

8

NASA Bioreactor Schematic  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The schematic depicts the major elements and flow patterns inside the NASA Bioreactor system. Waste and fresh medium are contained in plastic bags placed side-by-side so the waste bag fills as the fresh medium bag is depleted. The compliance vessel contains a bladder to accommodate pressure transients that might damage the system. A peristolic pump moves fluid by squeezing the plastic tubing, thus avoiding potential contamination. The work is sponsored by NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research. The bioreactor is managed by the Biotechnology Cell Science Program at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC). NASA-sponsored bioreactor research has been instrumental in helping scientists to better understand normal and cancerous tissue development. In cooperation with the medical community, the bioreactor design is being used to prepare better models of human colon, prostate, breast and ovarian tumors. Cartilage, bone marrow, heart muscle, skeletal muscle, pancreatic islet cells, liver and kidney are just a few of the normal tissues being cultured in rotating bioreactors by investigators.

2001-01-01

9

A Functional Schematic Interpreter: an environment for Model Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two major reasons for the value of a functional schematic interpreter as a new programming language for constructing models. These reasons are the capacity of a functional language to express knowledge that has a formal representation on a computer and the rich informal semantics that can be attached to a set of diagrams (a schema). It is this

T. R. Addis; J. J. Townsend Addis

1998-01-01

10

Language, Perception, and the Schematic Representation of Spatial Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schemas are abstract nonverbal representations that parsimoniously depict spatial relations. Despite their ubiquitous use in maps and diagrams, little is known about their neural instantiation. We sought to determine the extent to which schematic representations are neurally distinguished from language on the one hand, and from rich perceptual…

Amorapanth, Prin; Kranjec, Alexander; Bromberger, Bianca; Lehet, Matthew; Widick, Page; Woods, Adam J.; Kimberg, Daniel Y.; Chatterjee, Anjan

2012-01-01

11

Radial Distribution Function (RDF) schematic  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Schematic of the Radial Distribution Function (RDF). The radial distribution function, also known as RDF, g(r), or the pair correlation function, is a measure to determine the correlation between particles within a system. Specifically, it is a measure of, on average, the probability of finding a particle at a distance of r away from a given reference particle, relative to that for an ideal gas. The general algorithm involves determining how many particles are within a distance of r and r+dr away from a particle. This general theme is depicted in the schematic, where the red particle is our reference particle, and blue particles are those which are within the circular shell, dotted in red.

Iacovella, Christopher R.

2006-09-28

12

Gender Schematic Development within the Family Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizing the world into masculine and feminine categories is a process called "gender schematicity." High gender schematicity has been linked with children's inclination to self-select out of certain learning opportunities that they deem gender-inappropriate. This study examined gender schematicity among kindergartners and fourth-graders and…

Sokal, Laura; Seifert, Kelvin; Piotrowski, Caroline

13

TELESYNERGY v3 Wiring Diagram  

Cancer.gov

Audio In Mic 1 Mic 2 M ic 3 1 2 3 4 5-AU X 6-VCR 1 2-AU X 3-VCR Aud io Ou t Video In 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Vide o Out V GA I n VGA O ut 1 2 3 4 ISDN BRI N et Ethe rnet ISDN BRI 5 6 E1/ T1 1 2 Data 1 D ata 2 50-60Hz REMOT E 100-240 ~ 1.3A L R + _ + _ OUT

14

Schematic concepts for schematic models of the real world: The Newtonian concept of force  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school and college students often carry out of traditional physics courses loose bundles of vague and undifferentiated concepts about physical objects and their properties. Within the framework of schematic modeling, a scientific concept can be defined explicitly with five schematic dimensions: domain, organization, quantification, expression, and employment. Based on the level of commensurability between scientific concepts and individual students' own concepts, students' cognitive evolution into the scientific realm can take different directions ranging from reinforcing existing concepts to constructing novel ones on completely new foundations. Such evolution is promoted in a student-centered, model-based instruction. The newtonian concept of force is discussed for illustration, along with the results of tutoring two groups of Lebanese students to develop this concept in a schematic modeling approach.

Halloun, Ibrahim

2005-11-23

15

Resonant tunneling in a schematic model  

SciTech Connect

Tunneling of a harmonically bound two-body system through an external Gaussian barrier is studied in a schematic model that allows for a better understanding of intricate quantum phenomena. The role of finite size and internal structure is investigated in a consistent treatment. The excitation of internal degrees of freedom gives rise to a peaked structure in the penetration factor. The model results indicate that for soft systems the adiabatic limit is not necessarily reached, although often assumed in the fusion of nuclei and in electron screening effects at astrophysical energies.

Bacca, Sonia; Feldmeier, Hans [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Planckstr. 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

2006-05-15

16

ISS EPS Orbital Replacement Unit Block Diagrams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The attached documents are being provided to Switching Power Magazine for information purposes. This magazine is writing a feature article on the International Space Station Electrical Power System, focusing on the switching power processors. These units include the DC-DC Converter Unit (DDCU), the Bi-directional Charge/Discharge Unit (BCDU), and the Sequential Shunt Unit (SSU). These diagrams are high-level schematics/block diagrams depicting the overall functionality of each unit.

Schmitz, Gregory V.

2001-01-01

17

Browsing schematics: Query-filtered graphs with context nodes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The early results of a research project to create tools for building interfaces to intelligent systems on the NASA Space Station are reported. One such tool is the Schematic Browser which helps users engaged in engineering problem solving find and select schematics from among a large set. Users query for schematics with certain components, and the Schematic Browser presents a graph whose nodes represent the schematics with those components. The query greatly reduces the number of choices presented to the user, filtering the graph to a manageable size. Users can reformulate and refine the query serially until they locate the schematics of interest. To help users maintain orientation as they navigate a large body of data, the graph also includes nodes that are not matches but provide global and local context for the matching nodes. Context nodes include landmarks, ancestors, siblings, children and previous matches.

Ciccarelli, Eugene C.; Nardi, Bonnie A.

1988-01-01

18

Wire Maze  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students gain a basic understanding of electrical circuits. They build wire circuits and pass paperclips through the mazes, trying not to touch the wires. Touching a wire with a paperclip causes the circuit to close, which activates an indicator.

K-12 Outreach Office,

19

Visual Navigation with Schematic Maps Steffen Bogen1  

E-print Network

Visual Navigation with Schematic Maps Steffen Bogen1 , Ulrik Brandes2 , and Hendrik Ziezold2 1 Art is the use of schematic maps for visual navigation. The implementation of maps on location-sensitive or hand Introduction Navigation is a pervasive task, so that navigational information and instructions exist in audible

Brandes, Ulrik

20

Dilepton production in schematic causal viscous hydrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

Assuming that in the hot dense matter produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, the energy density, entropy density, and pressure as well as the azimuthal and space-time rapidity components of the shear tensor are uniform in the direction transversal to the reaction plane, we derive a set of schematic equations from the Isreal-Stewart causal viscous hydrodynamics. These equations are then used to describe the evolution dynamics of relativistic heavy-ion collisions by taking the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of 1/4{pi} for the initial quark-gluon plasma (QGP) phase and of 10 times this value for the later hadron-gas (HG) phase. Using the production rate evaluated with particle distributions that take into account the viscous effect, we study dilepton production in central heavy-ion collisions. Compared with results from the ideal hydrodynamics, we find that although the dilepton invariant mass spectra from the two approaches are similar, the transverse momentum spectra are significantly enhanced at high transverse momenta by the viscous effect. We also study the transverse momentum dependence of dileptons produced from QGP for a fixed transverse mass, which is essentially absent in the ideal hydrodynamics, and find that this so-called transverse mass scaling is violated in the viscous hydrodynamics, particularly at high transverse momenta.

Song, Taesoo [Cyclotron Institute, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3366 (United States); Han, Kyong Chol; Ko, Che Ming [Cyclotron Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3366 (United States)

2011-02-15

21

Elevations, Major Component Isometric, Propellant Flow Schematic, and External Tank ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Elevations, Major Component Isometric, Propellant Flow Schematic, and External Tank Connection to Shuttle Main Engines - Space Transportation System, Space Shuttle Main Engine, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, 2101 NASA Parkway, Houston, Harris County, TX

22

Venn Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students are given a Venn diagram with certain rules and an element. They must then determine where in the Venn diagram the element belongs. This activity allows students to practice placing elements in Venn diagrams as well as reviewing mathematical terms associated with the different rules. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

2010-01-01

23

CDRP - TeleSynergy(R) - Wiring Diagrams  

Cancer.gov

Home About CDRP Background The Challenge Ahead Health Disparities Cooperative Planning Grant Objective and Scope U56 Award Mechanism Target Populations Funded Institutions Funded Institutions Programs' Presentations CDRP Symposium Presentations Clinical

24

Application note : using open source schematic capture tools with Xyce.  

SciTech Connect

The development of the XyceTM Parallel Electronic Simulator has focused entirely on the creation of a fast, scalable simulation tool, and has not included any schematic capture or data visualization tools. This application note will describe how to use the open source schematic capture tool gschem and its associated netlist creation tool gnetlist to create basic circuit designs for Xyce, and how to access advanced features of Xyce that are not directly supported by either gschem or gnetlist.

Russo, Thomas V.

2013-08-01

25

Wire Maze  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners create an electrical-circuit maze out of wire, then try to pass a paperclip through the maze without touching the wire. If the paper clip touches the wire, it closes the circuit, causing a light to come on or a buzzer to sound. This activity requires a basic understanding of how to build an electrical circuit.

Worcester Polytechnic Institute

2013-01-01

26

Venn Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive problem provides an opportunity for children to become familiar with Venn diagrams, while reinforcing knowledge of number properties. Students must place the numbers from 1 to 40 into a Venn diagram of two sets with an intersection. The Teachers' Notes page offers rationale, suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support.

27

Energy Diagram for the Catalytic Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing a schematic energy diagram for the decomposition of H[subscript 2]O[subscript 2] catalyzed by MnO[subscript 2] through a simple thermometric measurement outlined in this study is intended to integrate students' understanding of thermochemistry and kinetics of chemical reactions. The reaction enthalpy, delta[subscript r]H, is…

Tatsuoka, Tomoyuki; Koga, Nobuyoshi

2013-01-01

28

Mapping out the Superconductor-Insulator Phase Diagram for Nanowires  

Microsoft Academic Search

We establish the superconductor-insulator phase diagram for quasi-one-dimensional wires by measuring about 100 MoGe nanowires with length in a range 30-500 nm. All wires can be clearly separated into two groups: superconducting ones with the wire resistance dropping rapidly with cooling, roughly following the Arrhenius activation law, and insulating wires, which exhibit a weak Coulomb blockade behavior. The phase boundary

Andrey Rogachev

2009-01-01

29

Wire chamber  

DOEpatents

A wire chamber or proportional counter device, such as Geiger-Mueller tube or drift chamber, improved with a gas mixture providing a stable drift velocity while eliminating wire aging caused by prior art gas mixtures. The new gas mixture is comprised of equal parts argon and ethane gas and having approximately 0.25% isopropyl alcohol vapor.

Atac, Muzaffer (Wheaton, IL)

1989-01-01

30

Figure 1. Schematic diagram of a standard 3-transistor current-mediated active pixel sensor.  

E-print Network

. H. Chapman School of Engineering Science Simon Fraser University Burnaby, BC Abstract--Hot pixel. A Fault-Tolerant Active Pixel Sensor for Mitigating Hot Pixel Defects J. Dudas, C. Jung, M. L. La Haye, G defects are unavoidable in many solid-state image sensors. Affected pixels accumulate dark signal over

Chapman, Glenn H.

31

Figure. A schematic diagram of an aerosol flame reactor for making TiO2 nanostructures.  

E-print Network

to produce large quantities of nanomaterials such as carbon black, paint pigments, and optical fibers. Figure and Industry. The word aerosol is defined as a gaseous suspension of fine solid or liquid particles that the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) does relate to the toxicity of nanoparticles, the level of ROS

Subramanian, Venkat

32

Taking off to the Third Dimension — Schematization of Virtual Environments?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual environments are increasingly popular in different areas in both research and industry. However, interaction with these environments is challenging, posing a variety of difficulties to human users. In this paper, we explore how well known principles of abstraction and information reduction for 2D spatial representations, which we term schematization, can be transferred to the 3D representations of virtual environments

Denise Peters; Kai-Florian Richter

2008-01-01

33

Plated wire memory subsystem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, construction, and test history of a 4096 word by 18 bit random access NDRO Plated Wire Memory for use in conjunction with a spacecraft input/output and central processing unit is reported. A technical and functional description is given along with diagrams illustrating layout and systems operation. Test data is shown on the procedures and results of system level and memory stack testing, and hybrid circuit screening. A comparison of the most significant physical and performance characteristics of the memory unit versus the specified requirements is also included.

Carpenter, K. H.

1974-01-01

34

Venn diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These online resources offer varied opportunities to work with Venn diagrams, one of many tools used in logic and reasoning. Their use is especially helpful in learning foundational notions of definition and set theory. One of the five Process Standards promoted by NCTM, Reasoning and Proof requires middle school students to sharpen such skills as they learn to develop mathematical argument.

National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Middle School Portal Staff

2008-03-10

35

Wire Wise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how today's technology is encouraging schools to invest in furnishings that are adaptable to computer use and telecommunications access. Explores issues concerning modularity, wiring management, ergonomics, durability, price, and aesthetics. (GR)

Swanquist, Barry

1998-01-01

36

Stretching Wires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners determine the elastic and plastic properties of different types of metal wires. Learners discover that wires of the same gauge, but made of different metals, typically support different loads (masses) before going through the elastic to plastic transition. Learners also learn the difference between elastic deformation, which is recoverable after the load is removed, and plastic deformation, which is not recoverable. Note: one way to save time on this lab is to have different groups test different metals.

2013-01-04

37

Implementing Tolman's Schematic Sowbug: Behavior-Based Robotics in the 1930's  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reintroduces and evaluates the schematic sowbug proposed by Edward C. Tolman, psychologist, in 1939. The schematic sowbug is based on Tolman's purposive behaviorism, and it is believed to be the first prototype in history that actually implemented a behavior-based architecture suitable for robotics. The schematic sowbug navigates the environment based on two types of vectors, orientation and rogression,

Yoichiro Endo; Ronald C. Arkin

2001-01-01

38

University Wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University Wire is a daily Internet news service for college newspapers. Included are a story of the day, a large list of pointers to Internet resources in topics such as current headlines, politics, medicine and health, and women's resources; a "Kopyedit Korner," with pointers to writing reference materials; a placement center with job openings lists for college journalists; a large selection of pointers to college newspapers; and pointers to general circulation newspapers. Pointers to student and professional journalism organizations, as well as a calendar of journalism related events, are also provided. University Wire is a service of The Main Quad.

1997-01-01

39

Space Station Freedom secondary power wiring requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Secondary power is produced by DDCU's (direct current to direct current converter units) and routed to and through secondary power distribution assemblies (SPDA's) to loads or tertiary distribution assemblies. This presentation outlines requirements of Space Station Freedom (SSF) EEE (electrical, electronic, and electromechanical) parts wire and the approved electrical wire and cable. The SSF PDRD (Program Definition and Requirements Document) language problems and resolution are reviewed. The cable routing to and from the SPDA's is presented as diagrams and the wire recommendations and characteristics are given.

Sawyer, C. R.

1994-01-01

40

Precision wire feeder for small diameter wire  

DOEpatents

A device for feeding small diameter wire having a diameter less than 0.04 mm (16 mil) to a welding station includes a driving wheel for controllably applying a non-deforming driving force to the wire to move the free end of the wire towards the welding station; and a tension device such as a torque motor for constantly applying a reverse force to the wire in opposition to the driving force to keep the wire taut. 1 figure.

Brandon, E.D.; Hooper, F.M.; Reichenbach, M.L.

1992-08-11

41

Precision wire feeder for small diameter wire  

DOEpatents

A device for feeding small diameter wire having a diameter less than 0.04 mm (16 mil) to a welding station includes a driving wheel for controllably applying a non-deforming driving force to the wire to move the free end of the wire towards the welding station; and a tension device such as a torque motor for constantly applying a reverse force to the wire in opposition to the driving force to keep the wire taut.

Brandon, Eldon D. (Albuquerque, NM); Hooper, Frederick M. (Albuquerque, NM); Reichenbach, Marvin L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01

42

Automatic Diagrams Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents fully automatic approach analysis for information extraction from digitized grey level images of scanned diagrams in the field of graphics recognition. The proposed algorithms were tested on Telecom Egypt diagrams and some randomly selected diagrams. The analysis involves three distinct stages: the location of starting pixels in the diagrams; followed by a model based line-following to separate

M. A. Berbar

2006-01-01

43

Schematic Representations in Arithmetical Problem Solving: Analysis of Their Impact on Grade 4 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the value of "schematic representations" in problem solving requires no further demonstration, the way in which students should be taught how to construct these representations invariably gives rise to various debates. This study, conducted on 146 grade 4 students in Luxembourg, analyzes the effect of two types of "schematic

Fagnant, Annick; Vlassis, Joëlle

2013-01-01

44

Dilepton production in a schematic causal viscous hydrodynamics  

E-print Network

Assuming that in the hot dense matter produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, the energy density, entropy density, and pressure as well as the azimuthal and space-time rapidity components of the shear tensor are uniform in the direction transversal to the reaction plane, we derive a set of schematic equations from the Isreal-Stewart causal viscous hydrodynamics. These equations are then used to describe the evolution dynamics of relativistic heavy-ion collisions by taking the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of $1/4\\pi$ for the initial quark-gluon plasma (QGP) phase and of ten times this value for the later hadron-gas (HG) phase. Using the production rate evaluated with particle distributions that take into account the viscous effect, we study dilepton production in central heavy-ion collisions. Compared with results from the ideal hydrodynamics, we find that although the dilepton invariant mass spectra from the two approaches are similar, the transverse momentum spectra are significantly enhanced at high transverse momenta by the viscous effect. We also study the transverse momentum dependence of dileptons produced from QGP for a fixed transverse mass which is essentially absent in the ideal hydrodynamics, and find that this so-called transverse mass scaling is violated in the viscous hydrodynamics, particularly at high transverse momenta.

Taesoo Song; Kyong Chol Han; Che Ming Ko

2010-12-03

45

Windows: Life after Wire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although wired glass is extremely common in school buildings, the International Building Code adopted new standards that eliminate the use of traditional wired glass in K-12 schools, daycare centers, and athletic facilities. Wired glass breaks easily, and the wires can cause significant injuries by forming dangerous snags when the glass breaks.…

Razwick, Jerry

2003-01-01

46

Stretched Wire Mechanics  

SciTech Connect

Stretched wires are beginning to play an important role in the alignment of accelerators and synchrotron light sources. Stretched wires are proposed for the alignment of the 130 meter long LCLS undulator. Wire position technology has reached sub-micron resolution yet analyses of perturbations to wire straightness are hard to find. This paper considers possible deviations of stretched wire from the simple 2-dimensional catenary form.

Bowden, Gordon; /SLAC

2005-09-06

47

Novel Gapped Quantum Wire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High quality state of the art quantum wires (QWRs) can be fabricated by the novel cleaved edge overgrowth technique, proposed by (Pfeiffer et al., 1990). Transverse quantization in these QWRs leads to a succession of nested energy bands. With the lowest two successive energy levels occupied, gapped phases are possible including, e.g, an intersubband charge density wave (ICDW) and a Cooper phase with strong superconducting fluctuations (Starykh et al., 2000). Due to the possibility of density reorganization, in which it becomes favorable for the two lowest subbands to match their densities, the ICDW is usually the most likely state. Recently, by exploiting the valley degeneracy in AlAs, a single QWR has been fabricated with two degenerate nonoverlapping bands separated in k space by half an Umklapp vector (Moser et al. 2004). For low densities this structure is able to access a multiple subband regime that is not subject to the density reorganizing ICDW, leaving the Cooper phase to flourish. Using Abelian bosonization, we explore the relevant interaction terms for this system, including Umklapp assisted Cooper scattering, and discuss the phase diagram.

Datta, Trinanjan

2005-03-01

48

Novel Gapped Quantum Wire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High quality state of the art quantum wires (QWRs) can be fabricated by the novel Cleaved Edge Overgrowth (CEO) technique, proposed by (Pfeiffer et al, 1990). Transverse quantization in these QWRs leads to a succession of nested energy bands. With the lowest two successive energy levels occupied, gapped phases are possible including, e.g., an intersubband charge density wave (ICDW) and a Cooper phase with strong superconducting fluctuations (Starykh et al, 2000). Due to the possibility of density reorganization, in which it becomes favorable for the two lowest subbands to match their densities, the ICDW is usually the most likely state. Recently, by exploiting the valley degeneracy in AlAs, a single QWR has been fabricated with two degenerate nonoverlapping bands separated in k space by half an Umklapp vector (Moser et al 2004). For low densities the structure is able to access a multiple subband regime that is not subject to the density reorganizing ICDW, leaving a Cooper phase to flourish. Using Abelian bosonization, we explore the relevant interaction terms for this system, including Umklapp assisted Cooper scattering and discuss the phase diagram.

Datta, Trinanjan

2005-04-01

49

Tree Diagrams and Probability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed to develop students' ability to create tree diagrams and figure probabilities of events based on those diagrams. This lesson provides links to discussions and activities related to tree diagrams as well as suggested ways to work them into the lesson. Finally, the lesson provides links to follow-up lessons designed for use in succession with the current one.

2011-01-20

50

16 CFR Figure 3 to Subpart A of... - Flooring Radiant Tester Schematic Side Elevation  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Flooring Radiant Tester Schematic Side Elevation 3 Figure 3 to Subpart A of Part 1209 Commercial Practices CONSUMER...INSULATION The Standard Pt. 1209, Subpt. A, Fig. 3 Figure 3 to Subpart A of Part 1209—Flooring...

2010-01-01

51

Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 31 NIST/ACerS Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database (PC database for purchase)   The Phase Equilibria Diagrams Database contains commentaries and more than 21,000 diagrams for non-organic systems, including those published in all 21 hard-copy volumes produced as part of the ACerS-NIST Phase Equilibria Diagrams Program (formerly titled Phase Diagrams for Ceramists): Volumes I through XIV (blue books); Annuals 91, 92, 93; High Tc Superconductors I & II; Zirconium & Zirconia Systems; and Electronic Ceramics I. Materials covered include oxides as well as non-oxide systems such as chalcogenides and pnictides, phosphates, salt systems, and mixed systems of these classes.

52

December 2009 | 31 (a) Energy diagram of CARS. (b) Schematic of instrument. (c) Raman spectra of DNA and RNA  

E-print Network

for Coherent Raman Imaging Joseph B. Geddes III, Daniel L. Marks and Stephen A. Boppart One objective in the vibrational stretch frequencies of their phosphodiester back- bones. We used our algorithm to design a pulse to coherently excite stretch vibrations of the DNA backbone. The spectra of the vibrations modeled were similar

Boppart, Stephen

53

Large Wire Strain Gauges  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wires yield data on average strains over distances ranging from inches to many feet. Long constantan wires used to measure average strains over distances characteristic of vehicles or buildings. Connected in bridge circuit, wires measure strain accurately within 1 percent, and linearly, within 0.1 percent. Wires stretch as much as 0.15 percent and still return to zero residual strain after release.

Bryner, B. D.

1987-01-01

54

Laser Wire Stripper  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA-developed space shuttle technology is used in a laser wire stripper designed by Raytheon Company. Laser beams cut through insulation on a wire without damaging conductive metal, because laser radiation that melts plastic insulation is reflected by the metal. The laser process is fast, clean, precise and repeatable. It eliminates quality control problems and the expense of rejected wiring.

1983-01-01

55

Slide the wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The animation shows a top view of four wires in a conducting loop and a galvanometer. Determine the direction of the magnetic field, Bz(x), passing through the wires at various postions by click-dragging the black wire back and forth and observing the galvanometer reading.

Wolfgang Christian

56

Servo Motor Diagramming and Wiring Lab (Instructor Guide)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab activity was completed as part of an NSF-funded externship program administered by the High Tech Workforce Initiative at Maricopa Community Colleges. Students will apply their knowledge of electrical power, servo control systems and servo motor properties to real-world scenarios. This lab is part of a servo systems course in an Industrial Operations Technology AAS program, using Amatrol curriculum and equipment. It can be done in conjunction with, or as an adaptation or replacement of, Lab Experiments 4-2 and 4-3 in the Amatrol Electro Servo Learning System materials.

Perry, Clyde

2012-12-25

57

Building Venn Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson plan students watch a video clip of Bianca as she uses Venn diagrams to try to satisfy three people's preferences in pizza toppings. Students practice using Venn diagrams to represent the pizza topping preferences. Learners are then introduced to prime numbers, prime factorization, and the use of Venn diagrams to determine least common multiple and greatest common factor. Support materials are included: Handout: Gleamers and Glow Power, Assessment: Levels A and B and answer keys are provided.

2007-01-01

58

Untangling Euler Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many common data analysis scenarios the data elements are logically grouped into sets. Venn and Euler style diagrams are a common visual representation of such set membership where the data elements are represented by labels or glyphs and sets are indicated by boundaries surrounding their members. Generating such diagrams automatically such that set regions do not intersect unless the

Nathalie Henry Riche; Tim Dwyer

2010-01-01

59

Growth of CuAl intermetallic compounds in Cu and Cu(Pd) wire bonding  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, Cu wire bonds are aged at 150, 175, 250, and 350 o C for time ranging from 5 min to 2000 h. The top temperature of 350 o C is chosen to have the fastest kinetics, while maintaining the same types of stable intermetallics (IMCs) according to the Al-Cu binary phase diagram. Two types of Cu wire

Y. H. Lu; Y. W. Wang; B. K. Appelt; Y. S. Lai; C. R. Kao

2011-01-01

60

Algorithmic phase diagrams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Algorithmic phase diagrams are a neat and compact representation of the results of comparing the execution time of several algorithms for the solution of the same problem. As an example, the recent results are shown of Gannon and Van Rosendale on the solution of multiple tridiagonal systems of equations in the form of such diagrams. The act of preparing these diagrams has revealed an unexpectedly complex relationship between the best algorithm and the number and size of the tridiagonal systems, which was not evident from the algebraic formulae in the original paper. Even so, for a particular computer, one diagram suffices to predict the best algorithm for all problems that are likely to be encountered the prediction being read directly from the diagram without complex calculation.

Hockney, Roger

1987-01-01

61

How to Interpret Circuit Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents an explanation of how to interpret circuit diagrams. Two diagrams show the difference between a "short hand" circuit diagram and a more detailed one. The detailed circuit diagram is useful for those first learning circuits in an effort to eventually understand the "short hand" diagram without difficulty.

Lesurf, Jim

62

Thin wire pointing method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method is described for forming sharp tips on thin wires, in particular phosphor bronze wires of diameters such as one-thousandth inch used to contact micron size Schottky barrier diodes, which enables close control of tip shape and which avoids the use of highly toxic solutions. The method includes dipping an end of a phosphor bronze wire into a dilute solution of sulfamic acid and applying a current through the wire to electrochemically etch it. The humidity in the room is controlled to a level of less than 50%, and the voltage applied between the wire and another electrode in the solutions is a half wave rectified voltage. The current through the wire is monitored, and the process is stopped when the current falls to a predetermined low level.

Green, G.; Mattauch, R. J. (inventors)

1983-01-01

63

Sintered wire annode  

DOEpatents

A plurality of high atomic number wires are sintered together to form a porous rod that is parted into porous disks which will be used as x-ray targets. A thermally conductive material is introduced into the pores of the rod, and when a stream of electrons impinges on the sintered wire target and generates x-rays, the heat generated by the impinging x-rays is removed by the thermally conductive material interspersed in the pores of the wires.

Falce, Louis R. (Surprise, AZ); Ives, R. Lawrence (Saratoga, CA)

2007-12-25

64

Lingual straight wire method.  

PubMed

The mushroom arch-wire is mainly used in lingual orthodontic treatment but the complicated wire bending it requires affects both the treatment results and the time spent at the chair. The author proposes a new lingual straight wire method (LSW) in order to facilitate arch coordination and simplify the mechanics. The attention paid to the set-up model and bracket positioning and bonding plus the use of the new LSW method will also improve patient comfort. PMID:20303920

Takemoto, Kyoto; Scuzzo, Giuseppe; Lombardo, L U C A; Takemoto, Y U I

2009-12-01

65

Wire-inhomogeneity detector  

DOEpatents

A device for uncovering imperfections in electrical conducting wire, particularly superconducting wire, by detecting variations in eddy currents. Eddy currents effect the magnetic field in a gap of an inductor, contained in a modified commercial ferrite core, through which the wire being tested is passed. A small increase or decrease in the amount of conductive material, such as copper, in a fixed cross section of wire will unbalance a bridge used to measure the impedance of the inductor, tripping a detector and sounding an alarm.

Gibson, G.H.; Smits, R.G.; Eberhard, P.H.

1982-08-31

66

Lubrication Basics for Wire Ropes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wire rope forms an important part of many machines and structures. It is comprised of continuous wire strands wound around a central core. There are many kinds of wire rope designed for different applications. Most of them are steel wires made into strands wound with each other. The core can be made of steel, rope or even plastics. Wire ropes

Jeffrey E. Turner; Christopher Barnes

67

Failure of crane wire rope  

Microsoft Academic Search

A failure analysis of a broken multi strand wire rope from a crane was performed. The fracture of the steel wires in the wire rope showed characteristics of fatigue. On the wire surface were observed decarburised cracks which act as initiation sites for fatigue crack propagation during the application of the wire rope. The main reasons for the failure of

M. Torkar; B. Arzenšek

2002-01-01

68

New Materials for Bonding Wire  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, Insulated wire for Fine pad pitch bonding and 3D PKG technology, Cu wire and Au-Ag wire for cost reduction, and Ag wire in response to bond pad metallization change are reviewed from technology aspect. With only few tens of nanometers thick coating layer, insulated wire forms stable free air ball with good 1 st bond bondability. As

Jeong Tak Moon; June Sub Hwang; Jong Su Cho; Seong Hyoun Kim

69

Wire Array Photovoltaics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past five years, the cost of solar panels has dropped drastically and, in concert, the number of installed modules has risen exponentially. However, solar electricity is still more than twice as expensive as electricity from a natural gas plant. Fortunately, wire array solar cells have emerged as a promising technology for further lowering the cost of solar. Si wire array solar cells are formed with a unique, low cost growth method and use 100 times less material than conventional Si cells. The wires can be embedded in a transparent, flexible polymer to create a free-standing array that can be rolled up for easy installation in a variety of form factors. Furthermore, by incorporating multijunctions into the wire morphology, higher efficiencies can be achieved while taking advantage of the unique defect relaxation pathways afforded by the 3D wire geometry. The work in this thesis shepherded Si wires from undoped arrays to flexible, functional large area devices and laid the groundwork for multijunction wire array cells. Fabrication techniques were developed to turn intrinsic Si wires into full p-n junctions and the wires were passivated with a-Si:H and a-SiNx:H. Single wire devices yielded open circuit voltages of 600 mV and efficiencies of 9%. The arrays were then embedded in a polymer and contacted with a transparent, flexible, Ni nanoparticle and Ag nanowire top contact. The contact connected >99% of the wires in parallel and yielded flexible, substrate free solar cells featuring hundreds of thousands of wires. Building on the success of the Si wire arrays, GaP was epitaxially grown on the material to create heterostructures for photoelectrochemistry. These cells were limited by low absorption in the GaP due to its indirect bandgap, and poor current collection due to a diffusion length of only 80 nm. However, GaAsP on SiGe offers a superior combination of materials, and wire architectures based on these semiconductors were investigated for multijunction arrays. These devices offer potential efficiencies of 34%, as demonstrated through an analytical model and optoelectronic simulations. SiGe and Ge wires were fabricated via chemical-vapor deposition and reactive ion etching. GaAs was then grown on these substrates at the National Renewable Energy Lab and yielded ns lifetime components, as required for achieving high efficiency devices.

Turner-Evans, Dan

70

Diagram of Computer Keyboard  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a line drawing of a Windows PC keyboard complete with labels for each key. This diagram is used on tests where students are asked to circle the keys that would be used to perform various functions.

Ward, Charles

2011-01-21

71

Weyl Card Diagrams  

E-print Network

To capture important physical properties of a spacetime we construct a new diagram, the card diagram, which accurately draws generalized Weyl spacetimes in arbitrary dimensions by encoding their global spacetime structure, singularities, horizons, and some aspects of causal structure including null infinity. Card diagrams draw only non-trivial directions providing a clearer picture of the geometric features of spacetimes as compared to Penrose diagrams, and can change continuously as a function of the geometric parameters. One of our main results is to describe how Weyl rods are traversable horizons and the entirety of the spacetime can be mapped out. We review Weyl techniques and as examples we systematically discuss properties of a variety of solutions including Kerr-Newman black holes, black rings, expanding bubbles, and recent spacelike-brane solutions. Families of solutions will share qualitatively similar cards. In addition we show how card diagrams not only capture information about a geometry but also its analytic continuations by providing a geometric picture of analytic continuation. Weyl techniques are generalized to higher dimensional charged solutions and applied to generate perturbations of bubble and S-brane solutions by Israel-Khan rods. This paper is a condensed and simplified presentation of the card diagrams in hep-th/0409070.

Gregory C. Jones; John E. Wang

2005-06-02

72

Schematic interpretation of indocyanine green angiography in posterior uveitis using a standard angiographic protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveIndocyanine green angiography (ICGA) detects fluorescence produced by the ICG molecule in the near infrared wave lengths showing choroidal vascular structures. Indocyanine green angiography may prove useful in the workup of uveitis with choroidal involvement. The authors’ purpose was to test a standardized ICGA protocol for posterior uveitis to gather systematic and comparable data and to design a schematic approach

Carl P Herbort; Phuc LeHoang; Yan Guex-Crosier

1998-01-01

73

A Schematic for Focusing on Youth in Investigations of Community Design and Physical Activity  

E-print Network

A Schematic for Focusing on Youth in Investigations of Community Design and Physical Activity Kevin to address special considerations for youth in a relatively new area of physical activity research. After reviewing the urgent need for novel approaches to increasing physical activity, the growing interest

Levinson, David M.

74

Science Highlight January 2012 Figure 1. a, Schematic of the "solution-shearing" printing  

E-print Network

Science Highlight ­ January 2012 Figure 1. a, Schematic of the "solution-shearing" printing-polarized) of solution- sheared TIPS-pentacene thin films, fabricated at different printing speeds. The printing speed. Copyright Nature Publishing Group 2011. Enhanced Charge Transport in Printed Small Organic Semiconductor

Wechsler, Risa H.

75

Recognition of Schematic Facial Displays of Emotion in Parents of Children with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance on an emotional labeling task in response to schematic facial patterns representing five basic emotions without the concurrent presentation of a verbal category was investigated in 40 parents of children with autism and 40 matched controls. "Autism fathers" performed worse than "autism mothers," who performed worse than controls in…

Palermo, Mark T.; Pasqualetti, Patrizio; Barbati, Giulia; Intelligente, Fabio; Rossini, Paolo Maria

2006-01-01

76

Recognition of schematic facial displays of emotion in parents of children with autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance on an emotional labeling task in response to schematic facial patterns representing five basic emotions without the concurrent presentation of a verbal category was investigated in 40 parents of children with autism and 40 matched controls. ‘Autism fathers’ performed worse than ‘autism mothers’, who performed worse than controls in decoding displays representing sadness or disgust.This indicates the need to

Mark T. Palermo; Patrizio Pasqualetti; Giulia Barbati; Fabio Intelligente; Paolo Maria Rossini

2006-01-01

77

An integrated system for interactive editing of schematics, logic simulation and PCB layout design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the basic concepts and features of an integrated PCB design system currently under development. The system includes facilities for interactive editing of schematics, logic simulation, placement and routing. A set of postprocessors will enable the designer to generate the necessary documents and drawings. The central part of the system consists of a Design File (DF) in which

Hedayat Markus Bayegan; Einar Aas

1978-01-01

78

Native American Center -UM Schematic Landscape Design Plan 4-3-08  

E-print Network

Native American Center - UM Schematic Landscape Design Plan 4-3-08 Planting Ring - group species realignes this edge of walk alternate alignment for walkway Native Grass Band Dry Shade Species Native Grass Band Dry Exposed Species Native Grass Band Open Sun Species Native Grass Band Dry Shade Species Native

Vonessen, Nikolaus

79

An automatic generation of schematic maps to display Flight Routes for Air Traffic Controllers: structure and color optimization  

E-print Network

An automatic generation of schematic maps to display Flight Routes for Air Traffic Controllers Aircraft must follow strict Air Traffic Control (ATC) rules. One of these rules is that aircraft haveD picture of a schematic maps view for Air Traffic Control. Second, we propose to investigate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

Weyl card diagrams  

SciTech Connect

To capture important physical properties of a spacetime we construct a new diagram, the card diagram, which accurately draws generalized Weyl spacetimes in arbitrary dimensions by encoding their global spacetime structure, singularities, horizons, and some aspects of causal structure including null infinity. Card diagrams draw only nontrivial directions providing a clearer picture of the geometric features of spacetimes as compared to Penrose diagrams, and can change continuously as a function of the geometric parameters. One of our main results is to describe how Weyl rods are traversable horizons and the entirety of the spacetime can be mapped out. We review Weyl techniques and as examples we systematically discuss properties of a variety of solutions including Kerr-Newman black holes, black rings, expanding bubbles, and recent spacelike-brane solutions. Families of solutions will share qualitatively similar cards. In addition we show how card diagrams not only capture information about a geometry but also its analytic continuations by providing a geometric picture of analytic continuation. Weyl techniques are generalized to higher dimensional charged solutions and applied to generate perturbations of bubble and S-brane solutions by Israel-Khan rods.

Jones, Gregory [Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Wang, John E. [Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Taiwan, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2005-06-15

81

Next Generation Wiring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wiring is a major operational component on aerospace hardware that accounts for substantial weight and volumetric space. Over time wire insulation can age and fail, often leading to catastrophic events such as system failure or fire. The next generation of wiring must be reliable and sustainable over long periods of time. These features will be achieved by the development of a wire insulation capable of autonomous self-healing that mitigates failure before it reaches a catastrophic level. In order to develop a self-healing insulation material, three steps must occur. First, methods of bonding similar materials must be developed that are capable of being initiated autonomously. This process will lead to the development of a manual repair system for polyimide wire insulation. Second, ways to initiate these bonding methods that lead to materials that are similar to the primary insulation must be developed. Finally, steps one and two must be integrated to produce a material that has no residues from the process that degrades the insulating properties of the final repaired insulation. The self-healing technology, teamed with the ability to identify and locate damage, will greatly improve reliability and safety of electrical wiring of critical systems. This paper will address these topics, discuss the results of preliminary testing, and remaining development issues related to self-healing wire insulation.

Medelius, Petro; Jolley, Scott; Fitzpatrick, Lilliana; Vinje, Rubiela; Williams, Martha; Clayton, LaNetra; Roberson, Luke; Smith, Trent; Santiago-Maldonado, Edgardo

2007-01-01

82

Minkowski Diagram Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Minkowski Diagram model displays the spacetime diagrams for two inertial observers. One or two events may be displayed and moved with the mouse. Optionally, the corresponding light cones may be shown, as well as the simultaneity lines in both reference frames. The spacetime interval is automatically computed. The simulation may be used to discuss simultaneity and causality in special relativity. You can modify this simulation if you have Ejs installed by right-clicking within the plot and selecting "Open Ejs Model" from the pop-up menu item. The Minkowski Diagram model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_ehu_special_relativity_minkowski.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Please note that this resource requires at least version 1.5 of Java (JRE).

Aguirregabiria, Juan

2011-09-09

83

Distribution of wire deformation within strands of wire ropes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using ANSYS software, we developed a modeling program for several kinds of wire ropes with metal cores and built a geometric model for the 6×19 IWS wire rope. Through proper grid partitioning, a finite element model for calculating the deformation of wire rope was obtained. Completely constraining one end of the wire rope and applying an axial force to the

Jun MA; Shi-rong GE; De-kun ZHANG

2008-01-01

84

Diblock copolymer phase diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Adaptation of the Matsen and Bates BCP phase diagram predicted using Mean-field Theory. * Matsen MW, Bates FS, ''http://pubs3.acs.org/acs/journals/doilookup?in_doi=10.1021/ma951138i Unifying weak- and strong-segregation block copolymer theories. Diblock copolymer phase diagram as calculated using Mean-field Theory by Matsen and Bates, where fA is the Block fraction, Ï is the Flory-Huggins Chi Parameter, and N is the length of the block.

Iacovella, Christopher R.

2006-11-20

85

High-productivity multiple-wire submerged-arc welding and cladding with metal-powder addition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with multiple-wire submerged-arc welding and cladding with metal-powder addition. Three different ways of supplying the metal powder to the welding area are described and shown schematically. It was found that the use of metal powder will increase the deposition rate, and the welding-arc efficiency and reduce the shielding-flux consumption. A suitable device permits submerged-arc welding and cladding

J. Tušek; M. Suban

2003-01-01

86

Carbon Cycle Diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This diagram illustrates some of the most abundant stores of carbon and identifies some of the pathways in the carbon cycle along which carbon is transferred from one form to another. Long-term sinks of carbon are labelled in black; shorter-term fluxes are labelled in purple. Amounts are in billions of tons.

87

Reading Diagrams. Pipefitter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by the ABCs of Construction National Workplace Literacy Project, these curriculum materials for the occupational area of pipefitting contain a lesson that deals with reading diagrams. The lesson consists of an objective, instruction, and 10 exercises. Three types of problems are provided in each exercise: "try it,""apply it," and "go…

Greater Baton Rouge Chamber of Commerce, LA.

88

Venn Diagrams and Logic  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This math lesson from Illuminations uses Venn diagrams to illustrate direct, indirect and transitive reasoning. Students will learn the definitions of direct, indirect and transitive reasoning and give examples of each. Several student activity sheets are included. The material is intended for grades 9-12 and should require 2 and a half class periods to complete.

2011-01-04

89

Impulse-Momentum Diagrams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple representations are a valuable tool to help students learn and understand physics concepts. Furthermore, representations help students learn how to think and act like real scientists. These representations include: pictures, free-body diagrams, energy bar charts, electrical circuits, and, more recently, computer simulations and…

Rosengrant, David

2011-01-01

90

Simultaneity Spacetime Diagram Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Simultaneity Spacetime Diagram model uses light-trajectories to show the effect of relative motion when observing (recording) events in special relativity. In the default scenario, an explosion (an event) at the center of a right-moving stick occurs at t=0 and the arrival of the explosion light signal at each end is recorded. The arrival event at the left end occurs before the arrival event at the right end because the stick is moving. How do the location and time of these events change if they are observed in a reference frame (the Other Frame) in which the stick is stationary?   The Simultaneity Spacetime Diagram model was written for the study of special relativity the Lorentz transformation using spacetime diagrams and is a supplemental simulation for an article by Sebastien Cromier and Richard Steinberg "The Twin Twin Paradox: Exploring Student Approaches to Understanding Relativistic Concepts" in the The Physics Teacher 48 (9), 598-601 (2010). Initial conditions, such as the locations of the explosion and the detectors, can be adjusted by dragging before the simulation is run. The slider can be used to change the speed of the stick. A third view shows the stick and the wavefront in space. More importantly, a checkbox allows users to compare the predictions of Galilean and special relativity in order to observe how the assumption of a constant speed of light leads to the relativity of simultaneity.   The Simultaneity Spacetime Diagram model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_sr_SimultaneitySpacetimeDiagram.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Christian, Wolfgang

2010-10-07

91

Development and application of a rubric for analysis of novice students' laboratory flow diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop and apply a scheme for the analysis of flow diagrams. The flow diagrams in question are a schematic representation of written instructions that require students to process the text of their practical manual. It was hoped that an analysis of the flow diagrams would provide insight into students' understanding of the manual. To this end, we describe the development of a rubric for the analysis of flow diagrams. The analysis showed that most students were able to draw flow diagrams that showed evidence of deep processing, many of which could be used in place of the practical manual. Most students had some concept of how the apparatus worked, providing evidence of their initiation into the social practice of laboratory work. The analysis also showed that flow diagrams could be used to gauge the students' level of understanding of the practical manual. Flow diagrams could be considered to be learning tools as well as part of the assessment for a practical session.

Davidowitz, Bette; Rollnick, Marissa; Fakudze, Cynthia

2005-01-01

92

30 CFR 77.1802 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 77.1802 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2012-07-01

93

30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 75.1003 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2012-07-01

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30 CFR 77.1802 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 77.1802 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2011-07-01

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30 CFR 77.1802 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 77.1802 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2013-07-01

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30 CFR 77.1802 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 77.1802 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2014-07-01

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30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 75.1003 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2013-07-01

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30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 75.1003 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2014-07-01

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30 CFR 77.1802 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 77.1802 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2010-07-01

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30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 75.1003 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2010-07-01

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30 CFR 75.1003 - Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires; guarding of trolley...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal wires...MINES Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires § 75.1003 Insulation of trolley wires, trolley feeder wires and bare signal...

2011-07-01

102

The Sagging Wire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is an activity which can be used to investigate heat expansion in a solid. Included are background, materials, procedures, and suggested discussion questions. A diagram of the apparatus is provided. (CW)

Thompson, John Taylor

1989-01-01

103

An Introduction to Tree Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief article describes the use of tree diagrams in calculating probabilities. The author provides examples of how tree diagrams are used to calculate specific probabilities and why the language chosen relates to the operations used to find the probability.

Cork, Stu

2014-01-01

104

16 CFR Figure 4 to Subpart A of... - Flooring Radiant Panel Tester Schematic Low Flux End, Elevation  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Radiant Panel Tester Schematic Low Flux End, Elevation 4 Figure 4 to Subpart A of Part 1209 Commercial Practices CONSUMER...INSULATION The Standard Pt. 1209, Subpt. A, Fig. 4 Figure 4 to Subpart A of Part 1209—Flooring...

2013-01-01

105

16 CFR Figure 4 to Subpart A of... - Flooring Radiant Panel Tester Schematic Low Flux End, Elevation  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Radiant Panel Tester Schematic Low Flux End, Elevation 4 Figure 4 to Subpart A of Part 1209 Commercial Practices CONSUMER...INSULATION The Standard Pt. 1209, Subpt. A, Fig. 4 Figure 4 to Subpart A of Part 1209—Flooring...

2014-01-01

106

16 CFR Figure 4 to Subpart A of... - Flooring Radiant Panel Tester Schematic Low Flux End, Elevation  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Radiant Panel Tester Schematic Low Flux End, Elevation 4 Figure 4 to Subpart A of Part 1209 Commercial Practices CONSUMER...INSULATION The Standard Pt. 1209, Subpt. A, Fig. 4 Figure 4 to Subpart A of Part 1209—Flooring...

2010-01-01

107

TEP process flow diagram  

SciTech Connect

This presentation describes the development of the proposed Process Flow Diagram (PFD) for the Tokamak Exhaust Processing System (TEP) of ITER. A brief review of design efforts leading up to the PFD is followed by a description of the hydrogen-like, air-like, and waterlike processes. Two new design values are described; the mostcommon and most-demanding design values. The proposed PFD is shown to meet specifications under the most-common and mostdemanding design values.

Wilms, R Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carlson, Bryan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Coons, James [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kubic, William [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

108

Untangling euler diagrams.  

PubMed

In many common data analysis scenarios the data elements are logically grouped into sets. Venn and Euler style diagrams are a common visual representation of such set membership where the data elements are represented by labels or glyphs and sets are indicated by boundaries surrounding their members. Generating such diagrams automatically such that set regions do not intersect unless the corresponding sets have a non-empty intersection is a difficult problem. Further, it may be impossible in some cases if regions are required to be continuous and convex. Several approaches exist to draw such set regions using more complex shapes, however, the resulting diagrams can be difficult to interpret. In this paper we present two novel approaches for simplifying a complex collection of intersecting sets into a strict hierarchy that can be more easily automatically arranged and drawn (Figure 1). In the first approach, we use compact rectangular shapes for drawing each set, attempting to improve the readability of the set intersections. In the second approach, we avoid drawing intersecting set regions by duplicating elements belonging to multiple sets. We compared both of our techniques to the traditional non-convex region technique using five readability tasks. Our results show that the compact rectangular shapes technique was often preferred by experimental subjects even though the use of duplications dramatically improves the accuracy and performance time for most of our tasks. In addition to general set representation our techniques are also applicable to visualization of networks with intersecting clusters of nodes. PMID:20975147

Riche, Nathalie Henry; Dwyer, Tim

2010-01-01

109

On web diagrams Jun Murakami  

E-print Network

On web diagrams Jun Murakami Department of Mathematics, Graduate School of Science, Osaka­ tive invariant is defined in the space of web diagrams, and it includes the Casson­ Walker invariant of the mapping class groups. (cf. [9], [10]) 2. Web space 2.1. Web diagram. To explain the universal perturbative

110

Wire core reactor for NTP  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of the wire core system for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) that took place from 1963 to 1965 is discussed. A wire core consists of a fuel wire with spacer wires. It's an annular flow core having a central control rod. There are actually four of these, with beryllium solid reflectors on both ends and all the way around. Much of the information on the concept is given in viewgraph form. Viewgraphs are presented on design details of the wire core, the engine design, engine weight vs. thrust, a technique used to fabricate the wire fuel element, and axial temperature distribution.

Harty, R. B.

1991-01-01

111

Numerical simulations of heavily polluted fine-grained sediment remobilization using 1D, 1D+, and 2D channel schematization.  

PubMed

This article used various hydrodynamic and sediment transport models to analyze the potential and the limits of different channel schematizations. The main aim was to select and evaluate the most suitable simulation method for fine-grained sediment remobilization assessment. Three types of channel schematization were selected to study the flow potential for remobilizing fine-grained sediment in artificially modified channels. Schematization with a 1D cross-sectional horizontal plan, a 1D+ approach, splitting the riverbed into different functional zones, and full 2D mesh, adopted in MIKE by the DHI modeling suite, was applied to the study. For the case study, a 55-km stretch of the Bílina River, in the Czech Republic, Central Europe, which has been heavily polluted by the chemical and coal mining industry since the mid-twentieth century, was selected. Long-term exposure to direct emissions of toxic pollutants including heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) resulted in deposits of pollutants in fine-grained sediments in the riverbed. Simulations, based on three hydrodynamic model schematizations, proved that for events not exceeding the extent of the riverbed profile, the 1D schematization can provide comparable results to a 2D model. The 1D+ schematization can improve accuracy while keeping the benefits of high-speed simulation and low requirements of input DEM data, but the method's suitability is limited by the channel properties. PMID:25687259

Kaiglová, Jana; Langhammer, Jakub; Ji?inec, Petr; Janský, Bohumír; Chalupová, Dagmar

2015-03-01

112

OrchidWire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by orchid enthusiasts Wendell and Theresa Kozak of Vancouver Island, Canada, OrchidWire website is a great resource for anyone interested in orchids. This site is an online orchid resource directory with links to 3911 images and 1184 sites in 51 countries. Site visitors can peruse orchid resources by using an alphabetical appendix or by selecting from different categories like Wild, Culture, Geographic, Genera, and many more. Specific orchid listings or images can be located by using the site search engine. Site users can also submit suggestions for addition to the OrchidWire database.

Kozak, Theresa

113

RIGBY SPECIALITY WIRES LIMITED NEW WIRE PRODUCT IS ALL  

E-print Network

RIGBY SPECIALITY WIRES LIMITED NEW WIRE PRODUCT IS ALL WRAPPED UP KTP BENEFITS Knowledge Transfer Partnerships are designed to benefit everyone involved Businesses will acquire new knowledge and expertise KTP WITH THE UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS TO DEVELOP A NEW MANUFACTURING PROCESS TO WRAP COPPER WIRE IN MICA TAPE, TO THE REQUIRED

Berzins, M.

114

A World without Wires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The wireless bandwagon is rolling across Mississippi, picking up a fresh load of converts and turning calamity into opportunity. Traditional wired school networks, many of which unraveled during Hurricane Katrina, are giving way to advanced wireless mesh networks that frequently include voice-over-IP (VoIP) capabilities. Vendor funding is helping…

Panettieri, Joseph C.

2006-01-01

115

WiredSafety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet has afforded hundreds of millions of people the opportunity to access thousands of sites on almost every topic imaginable, and has created a myriad of new employment opportunities, interest groups, and cybercommunities. Regrettably, not every person merging onto the information superhighway is there for such laudable reasons. Stepping into the fray of n'er-do wells is the WiredSafety website, headed by Perry Aftab, an international cyberspace privacy and security lawyer and children's advocate. Registered as a non-profit organization, WiredSafety offers help for online victims of cybercrime and harassment, educational materials about cybercrime, and assistance for law enforcement worldwide on preventing and investigating cybercrimes. A good place to start on the site is Parry's Internet Safety Guide for Parents, which offers a number of helpful tips for parents about monitoring their children's interactions with others over the Internet. WiredSafety also offers Wired-Ed, which is offered free of charge and allows users to learn more about surfing the net safely. Also featured is a wide range of other online courses.

116

One-wire thermocouple  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nickel alloy/constantan device accurately measures surface temperature at precise locations. Device is moderate in cost and simplifies fabrication of highly-instrumented seamless-surface heat-transfer models. Device also applies to metal surfaces if constantan wire has insulative coat.

Goodrich, W. D.; Staimach, C. J.

1977-01-01

117

Improved wire chamber  

DOEpatents

An improved gas mixture for use with proportional counter devices, such as Geiger-Mueller tubes and drift chambers. The improved gas mixture provides a stable drift velocity while eliminating wire aging caused by prior art gas mixtures. The new gas mixture is comprised of equal parts argon and ethane gas and having approximately 0.25% isopropyl alcohol vapor. 2 figs.

Atac, M.

1987-05-12

118

On the use of schematic eye models to estimate retinal image quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The optical performance of the eyes of nine vertebrate species was evaluated using optical system design techniques and schematic eye models. Essential features of eyes, including the modulation transfer function (MTF) and the MTF cutoff frequency are related to the numerical aperture of the eyes. Superior resolution for in vivo imaging of photoreceptors may be achieved by dilating the iris pupil of an eye, minimizing coherence, and using short wavelength illumination. The difference of lateral and axial resolution between a small and a large eye for imaging photoreceptors in vivo.

Li, Guo; Zwick, Harry; Stuck, Bruce E.; Lund, David J.

2000-07-01

119

Correlation diagram for rigid XYX and nonrigid three-body systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We define ideal models of XYX linear symmetric rigid structure and a highly nonrigid XYX system. We classify the states of the rigid and nonrigid limits using the permutation and rotation-inversion groups. We construct a schematic correlation diagram linking the two limits by invoking the rule that states of the same symmetry do not cross. Careful analysis of radial and angular motion reveals a striking correlation pattern similar to that found previously for the correlation of the X 3 nonrigid limit to the equilateral nonrigid structure. We briefly discuss the meaning of our findings and their possible relation to other work.

Kellman, Michael E.

1980-05-01

120

1997 wire development workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This conference is divided into the following sections: (1) First Generation Wires I; (2) First Generation Wires II; (3) Coated conductors I; and (4) Coated conductors II. Applications of the superconducting wires include fault current limiters, superconducting motors, transformers, and power transmission lines.

NONE

1997-04-01

121

Extending wire rope service life  

SciTech Connect

Selecting the proper wire rope is not a simple procedure. Wire rope is a precision mining machine with scores of moving parts. It is therefore important for mining equipment users to know wire rope and how it is designed and constructed. Good lubrication and regular inspection is important for a safe and long service life.

Not Available

1982-06-01

122

Tungsten Wire & VISAR Goran Skoro  

E-print Network

in parallel (n=20) · Estimated temperature rise in the 0.2 mm diameter tungsten wire (at room temperature radial or/and longitudinal displacement of the wire Issues: Results of calculations -> following pages temperature; for 10m and 30m delay-leg) - flatline Conclusion: We won't see anything here #12;VISAR wire tests

McDonald, Kirk

123

Production of hot-wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several methods for producing hot-wire probes are described. Discussion includes the manufacture of probe bodies, soldering plated wires to the prongs etching Walaston type wires, and finishing the probe. This report is written as an instruction manual for researchers who desire to produce or repair their own sensors.

Dickinson, S. C.

1983-04-01

124

Electrical explosion of segmented wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomena occurring during the electrical explosion of segmented wires are described. It was observed that with a wire of varying thickness, the smaller diameter parts explode first, ejecting metal vapor radially. Breakdown occurs through the vapor, creating current carrying channels which bypass the larger diameter parts of the wire. This may result, in some cases, in the larger diameter

Y. Me-Bar; R. Harel

1996-01-01

125

Impact decision support diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One way to frame the job of planetary defense is to “find the optimal approach for finding the optimal approach” to NEO mitigation. This requires a framework for defining in advance what should be done under various circumstances. The two-dimensional action matrix from the recent NRC report “Defending Planet Earth” can be generalized to a notional “Impact Decision Support Diagram” by extending it into a third dimension. The NRC action matrix incorporated two important axes: size and time-to-impact, but probability of impact is also critical (it is part of the definitions of both the Torino and Palermo scales). Uncertainty has been neglected, but is also crucial. It can be incorporated by subsuming it into the NEO size axis by redefining size to be three standard deviations greater than the best estimate, thereby providing a built-in conservative margin. The independent variable is time-to-impact, which is known with high precision. The other two axes are both quantitative assessments of uncertainty and are both time dependent. Thus, the diagram is entirely an expression of uncertainty. The true impact probability is either one or zero, and the true size does not change. The domain contains information about the current uncertainty, which changes with time (as opposed to reality, which does not change).

Boslough, Mark

2014-10-01

126

Magnetic Force Three Wires Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Magnetic Force Three Wires model investigates the force between long straight current-carrying wires. Initially, the simulation shows a cross-section view of three long straight parallel wires, each on the corner of an equilateral triangle. The wires carry currents that have different magnitudes, and the currents are directed either into or out of the page. The task in this simulation is to rank the wires based on the magnitude of their currents, from largest to smallest. The Magnetic Force Three Wires model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_bu_Three_Wires.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. This is part of a collection of similar tutorial simulations created by the author.

Duffy, Andrew

2009-10-20

127

Program Synthesizes UML Sequence Diagrams  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program called "Rational Sequence" generates Universal Modeling Language (UML) sequence diagrams of a target Java program running on a Java virtual machine (JVM). Rational Sequence thereby performs a reverse engineering function that aids in the design documentation of the target Java program. Whereas previously, the construction of sequence diagrams was a tedious manual process, Rational Sequence generates UML sequence diagrams automatically from the running Java code.

Barry, Matthew R.; Osborne, Richard N.

2006-01-01

128

The semigroup of Betti diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent proof of the Boij-Soederberg conjectures reveals new structure\\u000aabout Betti diagrams of modules, giving a complete description of the cone of\\u000aBetti diagrams. We begin to expand on this new structure by investigating the\\u000asemigroup of Betti diagrams. We prove that this semigroup is finitely\\u000agenerated, and we answer several other fundamental questions about this\\u000asemigroup.

Daniel Erman

2009-01-01

129

Transport in Quantum Wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a model to explain the flat and gate voltage independent renormalisations of the conductance quantisation in quantum wires. We model the contact regions themselves as short Luttinger liquids and allow for different Luttinger liquid parameters in the wire and contact regions. By introducing small barriers between the contacts and the leads and using the standard techniques of bosonisation and renormalisation group, we are able to qualitatively reproduce all of the experimental results including the temperature and length dependence. In the presence of a magnetic field, the theory also gives rise to an interesting odd-even effect, with bands with spins parallel to the magnetic field getting renormalised differently from the bands with spins anti-parallel to the magnetic field. This has also been experimentally seen. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 026801 (2001) and cond-mat/0104402].

Rao, Sumathi; Lal, Siddhartha; Sen, Diptiman

2002-03-01

130

Dental Arch Wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Straightening teeth is an arduous process requiring months, often years, of applying corrective pressure by means of arch wires-better known as brace-which may have to be changed several times in the course of treatment. A new method has been developed by Dr. George Andreasen, orthodontist and dental scientist at the University of Iowa. The key is a new type of arch wire material, called Nitinol, with exceptional elasticity which helps reduce the required number of brace changes. An alloy of nickel and titanium, Nitinol was originally developed for aerospace applications by the Naval Ordnance Laboratory, now the Naval Surface Weapons Laboratory, White Oaks, Maryland. NASA subsequently conducted additional research on the properties of Nitinol and on procedures for processing the metal.

1979-01-01

131

Wire chamber gases  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we describe new developments in gas mixtures which have occurred during the last 3--4 years. In particular, we discuss new results on the measurement and modeling of electron drift parameters, the modeling of drift chamber resolution, measurements of primary ionization and the choice of gas for applications such as tracking, single electron detection, X-ray detection and visual imaging. In addition, new results are presented on photon feedback, breakdown and wire aging.

Va'vra, J.

1992-04-01

132

Plated wire memory subsystem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work performed entailed the design, development, construction and testing of a 4000 word by 18 bit random access, NDRO plated wire memory for use in conjunction with a spacecraft imput/output unit and central processing unit. The primary design parameters, in order of importance, were high reliability, low power, volume and weight. A single memory unit, referred to as a qualification model, was delivered.

Reynolds, L.; Tweed, H.

1972-01-01

133

Wiring for aerospace applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, the authors summarize the current state of knowledge of arc propagation in aerospace power wiring and efforts by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) towards the understanding of the arc tracking phenomena in space environments. Recommendations will be made for additional testing. A database of the performance of commonly used insulating materials will be developed to support the design of advanced high power missions, such as Space Station Freedom and Lunar/Mars Exploration.

Christian, J. L., Jr.; Dickman, J. E.; Bercaw, R. W.; Myers, I. T.; Hammoud, A. N.; Stavnes, M.; Evans, J.

1992-01-01

134

Gaseous wire detectors  

SciTech Connect

This article represents a series of three lectures describing topics needed to understand the design of typical gaseous wire detectors used in large high energy physics experiments; including the electrostatic design, drift of electrons in the electric and magnetic field, the avalanche, signal creation, limits on the position accuracy as well as some problems one encounters in practical operations. Reader should also refer to Ref. 1{endash}4. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Vavra, J. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94309 (United States)

1998-02-01

135

Understanding Guitar Wiring  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This zipped file provides a number of documents which will help students understand the particulars of guitar wiring. The documents cover the three-way toggle switch, the 5-way lever-action switch, magnetic pick-ups, mini toggle switches, output jacks, selector switches and other details. Once the zipped file is downloaded, the documents (which are in Microsoft Word doc file format) may be viewed.

2012-08-13

136

Time Temperature Transformation (TTT) Diagrams  

E-print Network

TTT diagrams. These are salt bath (Figs. 1- 2) techniques combined with metallography and hardness techniques and thermodynamic predictions. Salt bath technique combined with metallography and hardness

Cambridge, University of

137

Magnetoconductance of quantum wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At low temperatures the conductance of a quantum wires exhibit characteristic plate-aus due to the quantization of the transverse modes [1]. In the presence of high in-plane magnetic fields these spin-split transverse modes cross. Recently, these crossings were observed experimentally [2] via measurements of the differential conductance as a function of the gate voltage and the in-plane magnetic-field. These show structures described as either anti-crossings or magnetic phase transitions. Motivated by our previous works on magnetotransport in 2DEGs via the Spin Density Functional Theory (SDFT) [3], here we propose a similar model to investigate the magnetoconductance of quantum wires. We use (i) the SDFT via the Kohn-Sham self-consistent scheme within the local spin density approximation to obtain the electronic structure and (ii) the Landauer-Buettiker formalism to calculate the conductance of a quantum wire. Our results show qualitative agreement with the data of Ref. [2]. [1] B. J. van Wees et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 848 (1988). [2] A. C. Graham et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 226804 (2008). [3] H. J. P. Freire, and J. C. Egues, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 026801 (2007); G. J. Ferreira, and J. Carlos Egues, J. Supercond. Nov. Mag., in press; G. J. Ferreira, H. J. P. Freire, J. Carlos Egues, submitted.

Ferreira, Gerson J.; Sammarco, Filipe; Egues, Carlos

2010-03-01

138

CERN-SPS Wire Scanner Impedance and Wire Heating Studies  

E-print Network

This article describes a study performed on one of the CERN-SPS vertical rotational wire scanners in order to investigate the breakage of the wire, which occurred on several occasions during operation in 2012. The thermionic emission current of the wire was measured to evaluate temperature changes, and was observed to rise significantly as the wire approached the ultimate LHC beam in the SPS, indicating the possibility of strong coupling between the beam’s electromagnetic field and the wire. Different laboratory measurements, complemented by CST Microwave Studio simulations, have therefore been performed to try and understand the RF modes responsible for this heating. These results are presented here, along with the subsequent modifications adopted on all of the operational SPS wire scanners.

Berrig, OE; Dehning, B; Emery, J; Hamani, M; Kuczerowski, J; Piselli, E; Salvant, B; Sautier, R; Veness, R; Vollinger, C; Vuitton, C; Zannini, C

2014-01-01

139

Wire detecting apparatus and method  

SciTech Connect

This invention is comprised of an apparatus and method that combines a signal generator and a passive signal receiver to detect and record the path of partially or completely concealed electrical wiring without disturbing the concealing surface. The signal generator applies a series of electrical pulses to the selected wiring of interest. The applied pulses create a magnetic field about the wiring that can be detected by a coil contained within the signal receiver. An audible output connected to the receiver and driven by the coil reflects the receiver`s position with respect to the wiring. The receiver`s audible signal is strongest when the receiver is directly above the wiring and the long axis of the receiver`s coil is parallel to the wiring. A marking means is mounted on the receiver to mark the location of the wiring as the receiver is directed over the wiring`s concealing surface. Numerous marks made on various locations of the concealing surface will trace the path of the wiring of interest.

Kronberg, J.W.

1991-12-31

140

Manually Operated Welding Wire Feeder  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A manual welding wire feeder apparatus comprising a bendable elongate metal frame with a feed roller mounted at the center thereof for rotation about an axis transverse to the longitudinal axis of the frame. The frame ends are turned up as tabs and each provided with openings in alignment with each other and the mid-width center of the roller surface. The tab openings are sized to accommodate welding wire and each extends to a side edge of the tab, both opening on the same side of the frame, whereby welding wire can be side-loaded onto the frame. On the side of the frame, opposite the roller a lock ring handle is attached tangentially and is rotatable about the attachment point and an axis perpendicular to the frame. The device is grasped in the hand normally used to hold the wire. A finger is placed through the loop ring and the frame positioned across the palm and lower fingers. The thumb is positioned atop the wire so it can be moved from the back of the frame across the roller, and towards the front. In doing so, the wire is advanced at a steady rate in axial alignment with the tab openings and roller. To accommodate different wire diameters the frame is bendable about its center in the plane of the frame axis and wire so as to keep the wire in sufficient tension against the roller and to keep the wire fixed when the frame is tilted and thumb pressure released.

Rybicki, Daniel J. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

141

Dual wire welding torch and method  

DOEpatents

A welding torch includes a nozzle with a first welding wire guide configured to orient a first welding wire in a first welding wire orientation, and a second welding wire guide configured to orient a second welding wire in a second welding wire orientation that is non-coplanar and divergent with respect to the first welding wire orientation. A method of welding includes moving a welding torch with respect to a workpiece joint to be welded. During moving the welding torch, a first welding wire is fed through a first welding wire guide defining a first welding wire orientation and a second welding wire is fed through a second welding wire guide defining a second welding wire orientation that is divergent and non-coplanar with respect to the first welding wire orientation.

Diez, Fernando Martinez (Peoria, IL); Stump, Kevin S. (Sherman, IL); Ludewig, Howard W. (Groveland, IL); Kilty, Alan L. (Peoria, IL); Robinson, Matthew M. (Peoria, IL); Egland, Keith M. (Peoria, IL)

2009-04-28

142

General Diagram-Recognition Methodologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of diagram recognition faces many challenges, including the great diversity in diagrammatic notations, and the presence of noise and ambiguity during the recognition process. To help address these problems, research is needed into methods for acquiring, representing, and exploiting notational conventions. We review several frameworks for diagram recognition: blackboard systems, schema-based systems, syntactic methods, and graph rewriting. Next

Dorothea Blostein

1995-01-01

143

Force Diagrams: How? and Why?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that physics students always have three questions when using force diagrams: (1) Why do I need one? (2) How do I draw one? and (3) How do I find the forces acting on a body? Provides a method to help students find answers to all three questions and understand force diagrams. (MVL)

Newburgh, Ronald

1994-01-01

144

Perturbations to the Hubble diagram  

E-print Network

We compute the linear responses of the Hubble diagram to small scalar perturbations in the Robertson-Walker metric and to small peculiar velocities of emitter and receiver. We discuss the monotonicity constraint of the Hubble diagram in the light of these responses.

Thomas Schucker; Ilhem ZouZou

2005-11-17

145

Physiology Flow-Diagram Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A set of physiology flow-diagrams for the cardiovascular system, cardiac auto-rhythmic cell, cardiac contractile cell, respiratory system, coagulation/hemostasis, digestive system, excretion, and autonomic nervous system. These flow-diagrams show cause-and-effect markup and have accompanying tutorials.

PhD Sandra J Bruner (Polk Community College Biology)

2005-10-04

146

Human life support during interplanetary travel and domicile. II - Generic Modular Flow Schematic modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the Generic Modular Flow Schematic (GMFS) architecture capable of encompassing all functional elements of a physical/chemical life support system (LSS). The GMFS can be implemented to synthesize, model, analyze, and quantitatively compare many configurations of LSSs, from a simple, completely open-loop to a very complex closed-loop. The GMFS model is coded in ASPEN, a state-of-the-art chemical process simulation program, to accurately compute the material, heat, and power flow quantities for every stream in each of the subsystem functional elements (SFEs) in the chosen configuration of a life support system. The GMFS approach integrates the various SFEs and subsystems in a hierarchical and modular fashion facilitating rapid substitutions and reconfiguration of a life support system. The comprehensive ASPEN material and energy balance output is transferred to a systems and technology assessment spreadsheet for rigorous system analysis and trade studies.

Farral, Joseph F.; Seshan, P. K.; Rohatgi, Naresh K.

1991-01-01

147

Review of wire chamber aging  

SciTech Connect

This paper makes an overview of the wire chamber aging problems as a function of various chamber design parameters. It emphasizes the chemistry point of view and many examples are drawn from the plasma chemistry field as a guidance for a possible effort in the wire chamber field. The paper emphasizes the necessity of variable tuning, the importance of purity of the wire chamber environment, as well as it provides a practical list of presently known recommendations. In addition, several models of the wire chamber aging are qualitatively discussed. The paper is based on a summary talk given at the Wire Chamber Aging Workshop held at LBL, Berkeley on January 16-17, 1986. Presented also at Wire Chamber Conference, Vienna, February 25-28, 1986. 74 refs., 18 figs., 11 tabs.

Va'Vra, J.

1986-02-01

148

Instabilities of electrically exploded wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experimental results summarized in this paper, which have been obtained with thin tungsten, copper, and constantan wires, give further evidence that electromagnetic macroinstabilities may develop near the melting point of thin wires which are heated by the sudden release of electrical energy and lead to their disintegration. At low-energy-input rates, screw-type instabilities develop in all the wire materials used.

Antonios E. Vlasto´s

1973-01-01

149

Diagnostics for exploding wires (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two diagnostics, capable of imaging fast, high temperature, plasmas were used on exploding wire experiments at UC Irvine. An atmospheric pressure nitrogen laser (?=337.1 nm) was used to generate simultaneous shadow and shearing interferogram images with a temporal resolution of ˜1 ns and a spatial resolution of 10 ?m. An x-ray backlighter imaged the exploding wire 90° with respect to the laser and at approximately the same instant in time. The backlighter spatial resolution as determined by geometry and film resolution was 25 ?m. Copper wires of diameters (25, 50, and 100 ?m) and steel wire d=25 ?m were exploded in vacuum (10-5 Torr) at a maximum current level of 12 kA, by a rectified marx bank at a voltage of 50 kV and a current rise time (quarter period) of 900 ns. Copper wires which were cleaned and then resistively heated under vacuum to incandescence for several hours prior to high current initiation, exhibited greater expansion velocities at peak current than wires which had not been heated prior to discharge. Axial variations on the surface of the wire observed with the laser were found to correlate with bulk axial mass differences from x-ray backlighting. High electron density, measured near the opaque surface of the exploding wire, suggests that much of the current is shunted outward away from the bulk of the wire.

Moosman, B.; Bystritskii, Vitaly; Wessel, F. J.; Van Drie, A.

1999-01-01

150

Texture development in Galfenol wire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Galfenol (Fe-Ga alloy) wire fabrication provides a low cost alternative to directional solidification methods. This work evaluates the compositional dependence of the wire drawing suitability of Fe-Ga and characterizes the microstructural and magnetic properties of these wires. Wire has been produced with Ga contents between 10 at. % and 17 at. % to allow determination of the ductile to brittle transition (DTBT) in wire manufacture. Published results on chill cast bend specimens indicated that a DTBT occurs at roughly 15 at. % Ga. This DTBT was observed under tensile loading with a corresponding change in fracture behavior from transverse fracture to intergranular fracture. For improved magnetostrictive performance, higher Ga contents are desired, closer to the 17 at. % Ga evaluated in this work. Electron backscattered diffraction B-H loop and resonance measurements as a function of magnetic field (to determine modulus and coupling factor) are presented for as-drawn, furnace, and direct current (DC) annealed wire. Galfenol wire produced via traditional drawing methods is found to have a strong <110> (?) texture parallel to the drawing direction. As-drawn wire was observed to have a lower magnetic permeability and larger hysteresis than DC annealed wire. This is attributed to the presence of a large volume of crystalline defects; such as vacancies and dislocations.

Boesenberg, A. J.; Restorff, J. B.; Wun-Fogle, M.; Sailsbury, H.; Summers, E.

2013-05-01

151

WIRE, SOFIA and SIRTF  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

WIRE, SOFIA and SIRTF are three planned NASA missions for infrared astronomy. Each will make significant contributions to the study of exo-zodiacal dust, planetary debris disks, and/or the zodiacal material within our own solar system. These missions and their measurement and scientific capabilities are synopsized. The principal contribution of these missions to this field of study will be to establish and strengthen its intellectual foundations rather than to pinpoint specific targets for planetary searches. This is consistent with their relatively near-term availability. Moreover, this intellectual understanding can assure that subsequent missions approach this subject from a sound scientific perspective which will yield valuable results independent of the success of a particular planet finding strategy. Each of these missions - most urgently WIRE with its Fall, 1998 launch date - would make good use of a list of candidate target stars for exo-zodiacal/planet-finding studies. The preparation of such a list was one of the recommendations of the exo-zodiacal workshop.

Werner, Michael

1998-01-01

152

30 CFR 75.701-4 - Grounding wires; capacity of wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Grounding § 75.701-4 Grounding wires; capacity of wires. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a) The...

2011-07-01

153

30 CFR 75.701-4 - Grounding wires; capacity of wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Grounding § 75.701-4 Grounding wires; capacity of wires. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a) The...

2013-07-01

154

30 CFR 75.701-4 - Grounding wires; capacity of wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Grounding § 75.701-4 Grounding wires; capacity of wires. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a) The...

2012-07-01

155

30 CFR 75.701-4 - Grounding wires; capacity of wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Grounding § 75.701-4 Grounding wires; capacity of wires. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a) The...

2014-07-01

156

30 CFR 75.701-4 - Grounding wires; capacity of wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Grounding § 75.701-4 Grounding wires; capacity of wires. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a) The...

2010-07-01

157

Two-Wire to Four-Wire Audio Converter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Simple circuit provides interface between normally incompatible voicecommunication lines. Circuit maintains 40 dB of isolation between input and output halves of four-wire line permitting two-wire line to be connected. Balancing potentiometer, Rg, adjusts gain of IC2 to null feed through from input to output. Adjustment is done on workbench just after assembly.

Talley, G. L., Jr; Seale, B. L.

1983-01-01

158

Comparative study of the effectiveness of three learning environments: Hyper-realistic virtual simulations, traditional schematic simulations and traditional laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study compared the educational effects of computer simulations developed in a hyper-realistic virtual environment with the educational effects of either traditional schematic simulations or a traditional optics laboratory. The virtual environment was constructed on the basis of Java applets complemented with a photorealistic visual output. This new virtual environment concept, which we call hyper-realistic, transcends basic schematic simulation; it provides the user with a more realistic perception of a physical phenomenon being simulated. We compared the learning achievements of three equivalent, homogeneous groups of undergraduatesâan experimental group who used only the hyper-realistic virtual laboratory, a first control group who used a schematic simulation, and a second control group who used the traditional laboratory. The three groups received the same theoretical preparation and carried out equivalent practicals in their respective learning environments. The topic chosen for the experiment was optical aberrations. An analysis of variance applied to the data of the study demonstrated a statistically significant difference (p value <0.05) between the three groups. The learning achievements attained by the group using the hyper-realistic virtual environment were 6.1 percentage points higher than those for the group using the traditional schematic simulations and 9.5 percentage points higher than those for the group using the traditional laboratory.

Martã­nez, Guadalupe; Naranjo, Francisco L.; Pã©rez, Ãngel L.; Suero, Maria I.; Pardo, Pedro J.

2012-06-06

159

Decision-making through performance simulation and code compliance from the early, schematic phases of building design  

E-print Network

1 Decision-making through performance simulation and code compliance from the early, schematic. Keywords. Decision-making, Energy, Codes, Simulation, EN832. 1 Institute for Structural Analysis, Graz://eetd.lbl.gov/BT Abstract. This paper is about the merging of two software applications that allows building decision makers

160

Figure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information that can be  

E-print Network

Figure 1. Schematic drawing showing the components of a Li-ion battery cell and the information Proposals In Situ Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Advanced Li-ion Batteries) such as Li-ion batteries are complex multi- component systems that incorporate widely dissimilar phases

161

Influences of Source-Item Contingency and Schematic Knowledge on Source Monitoring: Tests of the Probability-Matching Account  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated conditions under which judgments in source-monitoring tasks are influenced by prior schematic knowledge. According to a probability-matching account of source guessing (Spaniol & Bayen, 2002), when people do not remember the source of information, they match source-guessing probabilities to the perceived contingency…

Bayen, Ute J.; Kuhlmann, Beatrice G.

2011-01-01

162

Comparative Study of the Effectiveness of Three Learning Environments: Hyper-Realistic Virtual Simulations, Traditional Schematic Simulations and Traditional Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the educational effects of computer simulations developed in a hyper-realistic virtual environment with the educational effects of either traditional schematic simulations or a traditional optics laboratory. The virtual environment was constructed on the basis of Java applets complemented with a photorealistic visual output.…

Martinez, Guadalupe; Naranjo, Francisco L.; Perez, Angel L.; Suero, Maria Isabel; Pardo, Pedro J.

2011-01-01

163

Comparative study of the effectiveness of three learning environments: Hyper-realistic virtual simulations, traditional schematic simulations and traditional laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study compared the educational effects of computer simulations developed in a hyper-realistic virtual environment with the educational effects of either traditional schematic simulations or a traditional optics laboratory. The virtual environment was constructed on the basis of Java applets complemented with a photorealistic visual output. This new virtual environment concept, which we call hyper-realistic, transcends basic schematic simulation; it provides the user with a more realistic perception of a physical phenomenon being simulated. We compared the learning achievements of three equivalent, homogeneous groups of undergraduates—an experimental group who used only the hyper-realistic virtual laboratory, a first control group who used a schematic simulation, and a second control group who used the traditional laboratory. The three groups received the same theoretical preparation and carried out equivalent practicals in their respective learning environments. The topic chosen for the experiment was optical aberrations. An analysis of variance applied to the data of the study demonstrated a statistically significant difference (p value <0.05) between the three groups. The learning achievements attained by the group using the hyper-realistic virtual environment were 6.1 percentage points higher than those for the group using the traditional schematic simulations and 9.5 percentage points higher than those for the group using the traditional laboratory.

Martínez, Guadalupe; Naranjo, Francisco L.; Pérez, Ángel L.; Suero, Maria Isabel; Pardo, Pedro J.

2011-12-01

164

Schematic Diagram of Physical and Chemical Steps to extract Al and Be from Quartz-bearing rocks Quartz separation and pre-  

E-print Network

Aliquot (TSA) C.4 Fe column C.5 Be column C.6 Purifying Be fraction C.7 Al column C.8 Purifying Al Isotopes Lab The following guidelines describe how to extract 26Al and 10Be from quartz-bearing rocks

Bookhagen, Bodo

165

The effect of cross-section geometry of bonding wire on wire sweep for semiconductor packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wire diameter reduction is an effective way to reduce cost, as gold content accounts for the majority of bonding wire costs. Replacing gold wire with copper wire is another way to reduce cost. The advantages of using Cu instead of Au wire are the lower price and the higher electrical conductivity. However, the oxidation problem of copper wire during the

Huang-Kuang Kung; Bo-Wun Huang; Hsiang-Chen Hsu

2010-01-01

166

Construct Validity of the BEM Sex Role Inventory (BSRI): Does the BSRI Distinguish between Gender-Schematic and Gender-Aschematic Individuals?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factor analyses were performed on the masculine, feminine, and neutral items of the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) for gender-schematic and gender-aschematic individuals separately. Results support the BSRI as a valid measure for distinguishing gender-schematic from gender-aschematic individuals. (FMW)

Schmitt, Bernd H.; Millard, Robert T.

1988-01-01

167

The Current in a Wire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This little problem arose because I was frustrated with the standard electromagnetism texts, which show the magnetic field due to a current-bearing wire outside the wire [proportional to] 1/r and inside [proportional to] r. However, they never point out that the moving electrons must be influenced by the magnetic field created by the other moving…

Thompson, Keith

2009-01-01

168

The Tungsten Wire Temperature Sensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tungsten wire 1 mil diameter, when used in a parachute-borne temperature sensor, is in free molecule flow for most of its flight. The heat transfer coefficient for free molecule flow may be found from theory and is directly proportional to the ambient air density. The wire has a time constant <1 sec below 64 km and will therefore quickly arrive

Peter Hyson

1968-01-01

169

Wire and Packing Tape Sandwiches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how students can combine craft wire with clear packing tape to create a two-dimensional design that can be bent and twisted to create a three-dimensional form. Students sandwich wire designs between two layers of tape. (Contains 1 online resource.)

Rabinowitz, Sandy

2009-01-01

170

The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a classroom use of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram to infer not only the properties of a star but also the star's probable stage in evolution, life span, and age of the cluster in which it is located. (ZWH)

Woodrow, Janice

1991-01-01

171

Interpreting T-X Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short problem set works well as a group activity that can be completed in class. The purpose of the exercise is for students to begin to think about T-X phase diagrams and how they are interpreted. Along the way, students learn that text book authors sometimes make mistakes. The figure in the handout is from Winter's Petrology. But, Winter goofed and left some reactions off of the phase diagram.

Perkins, Dexter

172

Measurement of wire electrode temperature in WEDM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wire temperature is an important parameter in the wire electro-discharge machining (WEDM) process because overheating of the\\u000a wire can cause the wire to break. It is difficult, however, to measure the wire temperature directly under the condition that\\u000a the wire is emerged in water and surrounded by the workpiece. Only mathematical analyses by now have been reported to determine\\u000a such

Fuzhu Han; Gang Cheng; Zhijing Feng; Isago Soichiro

2009-01-01

173

Manufacture and quality control of interconnecting wire hardnesses, Volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A standard is presented for manufacture, installation, and quality control of eight types of interconnecting wire harnesses. The processes, process controls, and inspection and test requirements reflected are based on acknowledgment of harness design requirements, acknowledgment of harness installation requirements, identification of the various parts, materials, etc., utilized in harness manufacture, and formulation of a typical manufacturing flow diagram for identification of each manufacturing and quality control process, operation, inspection, and test. The document covers interconnecting wire harnesses defined in the design standard, including type 1, enclosed in fluorocarbon elastomer convolute, tubing; type 2, enclosed in TFE convolute tubing lines with fiberglass braid; type 3, enclosed in TFE convolute tubing; and type 5, combination of types 3 and 4. Knowledge gained through experience on the Saturn 5 program coupled with recent advances in techniques, materials, and processes was incorporated.

1972-01-01

174

Historical evolution of a micro-tidal lagoon simulated by a 2-D schematic model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coastal transitional environments such as estuaries, coastal inlets and tidal lagoons are the result of the interaction of several exogenous forcing factors (e.g. tidal regime, local wind and wave climate, sea-level rise, sediment supply) many of which are, in principle, variable in time over historical and geological timescales. Besides the natural variability of the external constraints, human interventions in some components of the system can either directly or indirectly affect long-term sediment dynamics in the whole system. In this paper the evolution of a schematic tidal basin, with non-uniform sediments and subject to geological and anthropogenic processes, is reproduced by means of a two dimensional morphodynamic model and qualitatively compared to the events which historically took place in the Venice Lagoon during the last four centuries; the trend for the next 200 years is also investigated. In particular, the effect on both morphology and bottom composition of river diversion, jetty construction, human-induced subsidence and channel dredging are presented and discussed.

Bonaldo, D.; Di Silvio, G.

2013-11-01

175

A LAMP-based schematic prototype instrument for detection of microorganisms in human outer space activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the main tasks of human outer space exploration is to detect signs of life. Based on meteoritic evidence, common ancestry hypothesis has been posed. Therefore, searching for the fundamental molecules (DNA, RNA, and proteins) that constitute life as we know on Earth is feasible and now the typical approach. To achieve this goal, portable, robust, and highly sensitive instrument is also needed. In this study, based on Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique that targets life information storage molecular, DNA, we designed a schematic prototype instrument for microorganism detection. First, we designed LAMP primers used for amplification of DNA markers of Bacteria, Archaea, and Fungus; then, we optimized the LAMP reaction system for space using; and finally, we designed a prototype instrument and operating software system that are compatible with the LAMP reaction system. The results of simulation experiments showed that our instrument performed well for detecting representative microorganisms and the device can achieve semi-automatization. The detection process, from sample preparation to signal visualization, was completed in 1.5 hour. Our study provides a new method and corresponding device for detection of DNA molecular, which has great potential for applications in outer space exploration. Besides, the instrument we designed can also been used for monitoring changes of terrestrial microorganisms in outer space, for example in aircraft.

Hu, Yongfei; Liu, Zhiheng; Li, Junxiong; Zhu, Baoli

176

Customized schematic eye model for refraction correction design based on ocular wavefront and corneal topography measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The subject of this paper relates to the ocular optical design and vision analysis of refractive correction of the eye. After the purpose statement and the assumption list, the concept of the schematic eye matching a particular (measured) wavefront is introduced. This concept is based on the fact that the ocular wavefront, together with the corneal topography, can be seen as the mathematical global representation of the eye working in monochromatic light and having a foveal vision. The discussed design technique, including an iterative optimization method, could be applied in any ocular correction that utilizes cornea topography and/or ocular wavefront, e.g. contact lens or intra-corneal implant. However, the application this paper refers to is the ocular refractive correction by a procedure using the LADARVISION. It consists of surgical removal and subsequent replacement of a corneal flap on a stromal surface whose shape has been changed by laser ablation of the tissue. Subsequent sections of this paper are dedicated to establishing the limits of possible refractive correction, the influences of the flap and corneal topography into the refractive correction calculation. Finally a realistic evaluation of the results and a list of possible developments of this new optical design method are discussed.

Curatu, Eugene O.; Pettit, George H.; Campin, John A.

2002-06-01

177

Schematic designs for penetration seals for a repository in the Paradox Basin  

SciTech Connect

The isolation of radioactive wastes in geologic repositories requires that human-made penetrations such as shafts, tunnels, or boreholes are adequately sealed. This report describes schematic seal designs for a repository in bedded salt referenced to the stratigraphy of the Paradox Basin. The designs are presented for extensive peer review and will be updated as conceptual designs if the Paraodx Basin is selected as a candidate repository site. The principal components used in the shaft seal system are concrete bulkheads interspersed with highly compacted bentonite-rich earth fill. In the repository-level tunnels and rooms, the principal material used in the seal system is crushed salt obtained from excavating the repository. It is anticipated that crushed salt will consolidate in response to closure of the repository rooms, to the degree that mechanical and hydrologic properties will eventually match those of undisturbed, intact salt. For Paradox Basin Cycle 6 salt, analyses indictate that this process will require approximately 300 years for a seal located at the base of one of the repository shafts (where there is little increase in temperature due to waste emplacement) and approximately 140 years for a seal located in a main passageway within the repository. These analyses are based on uncertain laboratory data regarding intact salt creep rates and crushed salt consolidation characteristics, and must be regarded as preliminary.

Kelsall, P.C.; Meyer, D.; Case, J.B.; Coons, W.E.

1985-12-01

178

Schematic designs for penetration seals for a repository in Richton Dome. [Richton Dome  

SciTech Connect

The isolation of radioactive wastes in geologic repositories requires that human-made penetrations such as shafts, tunnels, or boreholes are adequately sealed. This report describes schematic seal designs for a repository in dome salt referenced to the geology of the Richton Dome in Mississippi. The designs are presented for extensive peer review and will be updated as conceptual designs if the Richton Dome is selected as a candidate repository site. The principal components of the seal system are concrete bulkheads and dense earth backfill placed in salt and anhydrite horizons in the shafts and in the tunnels in the shaft pillar. Crushed salt backfill is placed throughout the disposal areas. Close to the waste, this backfill should consolidate in response to closure of the rooms, resulting in effective encapsulation of the waste within a period of about 1000 years. Analyses based on a limited amount of laboratory testing indicate that consolidation rates will be relatively slow at locations further removed from the waste. Rates of consolidation are slow because of the slow-creeping properties of the Richton Dome salt and because of the relatively shallow (1900 feet) repository depth.

Kelsall, P.C.; Case, J.B.; Meyer, D.; Franzone, J.G.; Coons, W.E.

1985-12-01

179

Schematic designs for penetration seals for a repository in the Permian Basin. [Deaf Smith County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The isolation of radioactive wastes in geologic repositories requires that human-made penetrations such as shafts, tunnels, or boreholes are adequately sealed. This report describes schematic seal designs for a repository in bedded salt referenced to the stratigraphy of the Permian Basin. The designs are presented for extensive peer review and will be updated as conceptual designs if the Permian Basin is selected as a candidate repository site. The principal material used in the seal system in the repository-level rooms and tunnels is crushed salt obtained from excavating the repository. It is anticipated that crushed salt will consolidate in response to closure of the repository rooms, to the degree that mechanical and hydrologic properties will eventually match those of undisturbed, intact salt. For Permian Basin Unit 4 salt, analyses indicate that this process will require approximately 700 years for a seal located at the base of one of the repository shafts (where there is little increase in temperature due to waste emplacement) and approximately 200 years for a seal located in a main passageway within the repository. These analyses are based on uncertain laboratory data regarding intact salt creep rates and crushed salt consolidation characteristics, and must be regarded as preliminary. Bulkheads composed of concrete, as well as bentonite-rich earth fill, are also included in the seal system as components which will have low permeability during the period required for salt consolidation.

Kelsall, P.C.; Case, J.B.; Coons, W.E.; Franzone, J.G.; Meyer, D.

1985-12-01

180

Differential effects of an adult observer's presence on sex-typed play behavior: A comparison between gender-schematic and gender-aschematic preschool children.  

PubMed

The present study examined the differential effect of an adult observer's presence on the sex-typed play behavior of gender schematic and aschematic preschoolers. A total of 116 Israeli preschoolers (M age = 64.9 months) participated in the study. Children were classified as either gender schematic or aschematic based upon responses to a computerized measure of different sex stereotype components. Children's play behavior with gender typical and atypical, attractive and unattractive, toys was videotaped. An observer was present for half the children's play and absent for the other half's play. Observation status affected the aschematic, but not the schematic, children's play with gender typical toys. For example, observed aschematic boys spent a greater percent of time playing with the unattractive masculine toys compared to unobserved aschematic boys. This difference was not apparent for schematic boys. Additionally, a difference found for schematic boys was not apparent in schematic girls, i.e., when unobserved, schematic boys tended to spend a greater percent of time playing with the unattractive masculine toy than aschematic boys. Further, some differences were found for unattractive, and not attractive, toys. For instance, observed aschematic boys spent a greater percent of time playing with the unattractive masculine toy than did the unobserved aschematic boys. This gap was not found for the attractive masculine toy. Results are discussed with reference to the accessibility and complexity of gender schemas. PMID:18299975

Wilansky-Traynor, Pamela; Lobel, Thalma E

2008-08-01

181

Electrical explosion of segmented wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The phenomena occurring during the electrical explosion of segmented wires are described. It was observed that with a wire of varying thickness, the smaller diameter parts explode first, ejecting metal vapor radially. Breakdown occurs through the vapor, creating current carrying channels which bypass the larger diameter parts of the wire. This may result, in some cases, in the larger diameter parts not exploding at all. Only slight deformations occur at their ends. On the boundary between the exploding and nonexploding sections of the wire, such deformations may cause the evolution of an accelerated slug, similar to that of a ``self-forging fragment.'' The phenomenon of the current bypassing metallic parts may offer an explanation to the way the ``segmented diverters'' work on a lightning stricken aircraft radome.

Me-Bar, Y.; Harel, R.

1996-02-01

182

Method of manufacturing superconductor wire  

SciTech Connect

A method for forming Nb.sub.3Sn superconducting wire is provided. The method employs a powder-in-tube process using a high-tin intermetallic compound, such as MnSn.sub.2, for producing the Nb.sub.3Sn. The use of a high-tin intermetallic compound enables the process to perform hot extrusion without melting the high-tin intermetallic compound. Alternatively, the method may entail drawing the wire without hot extrusion.

Motowidlo, Leszek

2014-09-16

183

Smart Wire Grid: Resisting Expectations  

ScienceCinema

Smart Wire Grid's DSR technology (Discrete Series Reactor) can be quickly deployed on electrical transmission lines to create intelligent mesh networks capable of quickly rerouting electricity to get power where and when it's needed the most. With their recent ARPA-E funding, Smart Wire Grid has been able to move from prototype and field testing to building out a US manufacturing operation in just under a year.

Ramsay, Stewart; Lowe, DeJim

2014-04-09

184

Silicon Ingot Wire Cutting Animation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Quicktime animation is of a single wire slicing the silicon ingot into thin wafers. By using a thinner wire, and by cutting all wafers at that same time, this minimizes material loss. This animation is the third in a series showing silicon wafer production process after it has been ground to the correct diameter.The previous animation showing silicon ingot rod grinding can be seen here.The next animation in this sequence about silicon wafer lapping can be seen here.

2009-07-30

185

Smart Wire Grid: Resisting Expectations  

SciTech Connect

Smart Wire Grid's DSR technology (Discrete Series Reactor) can be quickly deployed on electrical transmission lines to create intelligent mesh networks capable of quickly rerouting electricity to get power where and when it's needed the most. With their recent ARPA-E funding, Smart Wire Grid has been able to move from prototype and field testing to building out a US manufacturing operation in just under a year.

Ramsay, Stewart; Lowe, DeJim

2014-03-03

186

29 CFR 1919.79 - Wire rope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Wire rope. 1919.79 Section 1919.79 Labor Regulations...Shore-Based Material Handling Devices § 1919.79 Wire rope. (a) Wire rope and replacement wire rope shall be of the...

2012-07-01

187

29 CFR 1919.79 - Wire rope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wire rope. 1919.79 Section 1919.79 Labor Regulations...Shore-Based Material Handling Devices § 1919.79 Wire rope. (a) Wire rope and replacement wire rope shall be of the...

2010-07-01

188

29 CFR 1919.79 - Wire rope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Wire rope. 1919.79 Section 1919.79 Labor Regulations...Shore-Based Material Handling Devices § 1919.79 Wire rope. (a) Wire rope and replacement wire rope shall be of the...

2014-07-01

189

29 CFR 1919.79 - Wire rope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Wire rope. 1919.79 Section 1919.79 Labor Regulations...Shore-Based Material Handling Devices § 1919.79 Wire rope. (a) Wire rope and replacement wire rope shall be of the...

2013-07-01

190

29 CFR 1919.79 - Wire rope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Wire rope. 1919.79 Section 1919.79 Labor Regulations...Shore-Based Material Handling Devices § 1919.79 Wire rope. (a) Wire rope and replacement wire rope shall be of the...

2011-07-01

191

NAAP HR Diagram Explorer 1/9 HR Diagram Student Guide  

E-print Network

Name: NAAP ­ HR Diagram Explorer 1/9 HR Diagram ­ Student Guide Background Information Work through Orionis O9 Radius (R) Temperature (T) Luminosity (L) 1 1 1 2 1 9 1 1/2 #12;NAAP ­ HR Diagram Explorer 2 Diagram Explorer Open the HR Diagram Explorer. Begin by familiarizing yourself with the capabilities

Farritor, Shane

192

HTS Wire Development Workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The 1994 High-Temperature Superconducting Wire Development Workshop was held on February 16--17 at the St. Petersburg Hilton and Towers in St. Petersburg, Florida. The meeting was hosted by Florida Power Corporation and sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Program for Electric Power Systems. The meeting focused on recent high-temperature superconducting wire development activities in the Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Systems program. The meeting opened with a general discussion on the needs and benefits of superconductivity from a utility perspective, the US global competitiveness position, and an outlook on the overall prospects of wire development. The meeting then focused on four important technology areas: Wire characterization: issues and needs; technology for overcoming barriers: weak links and flux pinning; manufacturing issues for long wire lengths; and physical properties of HTS coils. Following in-depth presentations, working groups were formed in each technology area to discuss the most important current research and development issues. The working groups identified research areas that have the potential for greatly enhancing the wire development effort. These areas are discussed in the summary reports from each of the working groups. This document is a compilation of the workshop proceedings including all general session presentations and summary reports from the working groups.

Not Available

1994-07-01

193

Fluctuation of probe beam in thermolens schematics as potential indicator of cell metabolism, apoptosis, necrosis and laser impact  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently we discovered that in developed integrated flow cytometry using combination high resolution transmission and two beam (pump-probe) of photothermal microscopy with flow module the temporal fluctuation of probe beam even without pump laser pulse are very sensitive to functional states of single cells (e.g. with 2-3 differences in average fluctuation amplitude for live and dead cells). In this paper we are focusing on theoretical and experimental studies of these new phenomena using thermolens schematics with highly stabilized continuous-wave He-Ne laser and photodiode/photomultiplier with pinhole. This scheme allows to study both random and laser-induced thermolens effects in passive and active mode including short and long term monitoring of scattered light fluctuation in trans-illumination mode at single cellular and even sub-cellular levels in vitro, and in vivo. We demonstrate these schematics has some potential to monitor intracellular dynamics including change in cell metabolism, and necrosis, especially, under pump laser impacts in vitro in stationary condition. Besides, we present some relevant data obtained with other similar schematics, including evaluation of bacterial motility by dynamic light scattering. We discuss further potential developing this approach for flow cytometry with fast speed photodetector and digital camera and the multi- wavelength statistical and correlation analysis of speckle-related signals in applications to analysis of complex motions and functional properties of cells in bioflows including the evaluation of the rotational and translational components of the motion of individual live and dead cells.

Zharov, Vladimir P.; Menyaev, Yulian A.; Shashkov, Evgeny V.; Galanzha, Ekaterina I.; Khlebtsov, Boris N.; Scheludko, Andrei V.; Zimnyakov, Dmitry A.; Tuchin, Valery V.

2006-02-01

194

1 mil gold bond wire study.  

SciTech Connect

In microcircuit fabrication, the diameter and length of a bond wire have been shown to both affect the current versus fusing time ratio of a bond wire as well as the gap length of the fused wire. This study investigated the impact of current level on the time-to-open and gap length of 1 mil by 60 mil gold bond wires. During the experiments, constant current was provided for a control set of bond wires for 250ms, 410ms and until the wire fused; non-destructively pull-tested wires for 250ms; and notched wires. The key findings were that as the current increases, the gap length increases and 73% of the bond wires will fuse at 1.8A, and 100% of the wires fuse at 1.9A within 60ms. Due to the limited scope of experiments and limited data analyzed, further investigation is encouraged to confirm these observations.

Huff, Johnathon; McLean, Michael B.; Jenkins, Mark W.; Rutherford, Brian Milne

2013-05-01

195

Connecting to Thermocouples with Fewer Lead Wires  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simple technique has been devised to reduce the number of lead wires needed to connect an array of thermocouples to the instruments (e.g., voltmeters) used to read their output voltages. Because thermocouple wires are usually made of expensive metal alloys, reducing the number of lead wires can effect a considerable reduction in the cost of such an array. Reducing the number of wires also reduces the number of terminals and the amount of space needed to accommodate the wires.

Goldsby, Jon C.

2003-01-01

196

Index of Animated Phase Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of animated phase diagrams by Kenneth Windom at Iowa State University. These short Power Point animations can be used to illustrate equilibrium crystallization concepts. There are slide shows for plagioclase feldspars (albite and anorthite); forsterite, diopside and anorthite; forsterite, enstatite and silica; and diopside and anorthite.

Windom, Kenneth E.; University, Iowa S.

197

Reasoning with Diagrams: Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The standard notation for modelling software systems is the Unified Modelling Language (UML). This consists of a suite of mainly diagrammatic notations. However, UML's constraint language, OCL, is entirely textual, making the notation less accessible to practitioners. The Reasoning with Diagrams project aims to build the foundation for more accessible no-tations for practitioners, building on and consolidating ex-isting theoretical and

John Howse; Richard Bosworth; Andrew Fish; John Taylor; Peter Rodgers; Gem Stapleton; Simon Thompson

198

Voronoi Diagrams and Spring Rain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this geometry project is to use Voronoi diagrams, a powerful modeling tool across disciplines, and the integration of technology to analyze spring rainfall from rain gauge data over a region. In their investigation, students use familiar equipment from their mathematical toolbox: triangles and other polygons, circumcenters and…

Perham, Arnold E.; Perham, Faustine L.

2011-01-01

199

INCONEL 718: A solidification diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a program studying weldability of Ni-base superalloys, results of an integrated analytical approach are used to generate a constitution diagram for INCONEL 718* in the temperature range associated with solidification. Differential thermal analysis of wrought material and optical and scanning electron microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, and analytical electron microscopy of gas tungsten arc welds are used in

G. A. Knorovsky; M. J. Cieslak; T. J. Headley; A. D. Romig; W. F. Hammetter

1989-01-01

200

Coulomb interaction effects on the Majorana states in quantum wires.  

PubMed

The stability of the Majorana modes in the presence of a repulsive interaction is studied in the standard semiconductor wire-metallic superconductor configuration. The effects of short-range Coulomb interaction, which is incorporated using a purely repulsive ?-function to model the strong screening effect due to the presence of the superconductor, are determined within a Hartree-Fock approximation of the effective Bogoliubov-De Gennes Hamiltonian that describes the low-energy physics of the wire. Through a numerical diagonalization procedure we obtain interaction corrections to the single particle eigenstates and calculate the extended topological phase diagram in terms of the chemical potential and the Zeeman energy. We find that, for a fixed Zeeman energy, the interaction shifts the phase boundaries to a higher chemical potential, whereas for a fixed chemical potential this shift can occur either at lower or higher Zeeman energies. These effects can be interpreted as a renormalization of the g-factor due to the interaction. The minimum Zeeman energy needed to realize Majorana fermions decreases with the increasing strength of the Coulomb repulsion. Furthermore, we find that in wires with multi-band occupancy this effect can be enhanced by increasing the chemical potential, i.e. by occupying higher energy bands. PMID:24722427

Manolescu, A; Marinescu, D C; Stanescu, T D

2014-04-30

201

Plasma arc torch with coaxial wire feed  

DOEpatents

A plasma arc welding apparatus having a coaxial wire feed. The apparatus includes a plasma arc welding torch, a wire guide disposed coaxially inside of the plasma arc welding torch, and a hollow non-consumable electrode. The coaxial wire guide feeds non-electrified filler wire through the tip of the hollow non-consumable electrode during plasma arc welding. Non-electrified filler wires as small as 0.010 inches can be used. This invention allows precision control of the positioning and feeding of the filler wire during plasma arc welding. Since the non-electrified filler wire is fed coaxially through the center of the plasma arc torch's electrode and nozzle, the wire is automatically aimed at the optimum point in the weld zone. Therefore, there is no need for additional equipment to position and feed the filler wire from the side before or during welding.

Hooper, Frederick M (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01

202

Wires for Shape Memory Actuators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of non-conventional electrical pulse treatment on microstructure and shape memory response of Ni49Ti51 wires was studied. High-power rapid current square pulses were applied to cold-drawn wires of 25 µm diameter. The TEM microstructures showed equiaxial recrystallization, with average grain size in the 100 nm range, after a double current pulse lasting 10 ms. Rapid current pulse treatment in Ti-rich NiTi induces shape memory effect with reduced thermal hysteresis and high recovery strain values. This novel treatment might replace conventional pre-device shape setting/training of the wire with a post-device shape setting with promising industrial advantages.

Casati, R.; Vedani, M.; Gialanella, S.; Tuissi, A.

2014-07-01

203

Chord diagrams and BPHZ subtractions  

E-print Network

The combinatorics of the BPHZ subtraction scheme for a class of ladder graphs for the three point vertex in $\\phi^3$ theory is transcribed into certain connectivity relations for marked chord diagrams (knots with transversal intersections). The resolution of the singular crossings using the equivalence relations in these examples provides confirmation of a proposed fundamental relationship between knot theory and renormalization in perturbative quantum field theory.

Ioannis Tsohantjis; Alex C Kalloniatis; Peter D Jarvis

1996-04-30

204

Data management system CIU and DIU. Appendix A: CIU and DIU schematics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computer Interface Unit (CIU) and the Data Interface Unit (DIU) of the Data Management System (DMS) were described as to their functional location, purpose and function. This describes the CIU and DIU at the unit level illustrating their interface thru the Data Bus (DBUS) and to other DMS units. All unit level interfaces are defined as to function and characteristics. The controls, indicators, test points and connectors are listed and function, location and application are described for each. The mechanical configuration is defined and illustrated to provide card and component location for modification or repair purposes. Unique disassembly and assembly requirements are outlined where applicable. A unit internal functional block diagram level description is provided.

1975-01-01

205

Wire Detection Algorithms for Navigation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this research we addressed the problem of obstacle detection for low altitude rotorcraft flight. In particular, the problem of detecting thin wires in the presence of image clutter and noise was studied. Wires present a serious hazard to rotorcrafts. Since they are very thin, their detection early enough so that the pilot has enough time to take evasive action is difficult, as their images can be less than one or two pixels wide. Two approaches were explored for this purpose. The first approach involved a technique for sub-pixel edge detection and subsequent post processing, in order to reduce the false alarms. After reviewing the line detection literature, an algorithm for sub-pixel edge detection proposed by Steger was identified as having good potential to solve the considered task. The algorithm was tested using a set of images synthetically generated by combining real outdoor images with computer generated wire images. The performance of the algorithm was evaluated both, at the pixel and the wire levels. It was observed that the algorithm performs well, provided that the wires are not too thin (or distant) and that some post processing is performed to remove false alarms due to clutter. The second approach involved the use of an example-based learning scheme namely, Support Vector Machines. The purpose of this approach was to explore the feasibility of an example-based learning based approach for the task of detecting wires from their images. Support Vector Machines (SVMs) have emerged as a promising pattern classification tool and have been used in various applications. It was found that this approach is not suitable for very thin wires and of course, not suitable at all for sub-pixel thick wires. High dimensionality of the data as such does not present a major problem for SVMs. However it is desirable to have a large number of training examples especially for high dimensional data. The main difficulty in using SVMs (or any other example-based learning method) is the need for a very good set of positive and negative examples since the performance depends on the quality of the training set.

Kasturi, Rangachar; Camps, Octavia I.

2002-01-01

206

INCONEL 718: A solidification diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a program studying weldability of Ni-base superalloys, results of an integrated analytical approach are used to generate a constitution diagram for INCONEL 718* in the temperature range associated with solidification. Differential thermal analysis of wrought material and optical and scanning electron microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, and analytical electron microscopy of gas tungsten arc welds are used in conjunction with solidification theory to generate data points for this diagram. The important features of the diagram are an austenite (?)/Laves phase eutectic which occurs at ?19.1 wt pct Nb between austenite containing ?9.3 wt pct Nb and a Laves phase which contains ?22.4 wt pct Nb. The distribution coefficient for Nb was found to be ?0.5. The solidification sequence of INCONEL 718 was found to be (1) proeutectic ?, followed by (2) a ?/NbC eutectic at ?1250°C, followed by (3) continued ? solidification, followed by (4) a ?/Laves phase eutectic at ?1200°C. An estimate of the volume fraction eutectic is made using the Scheil solidification model, and the fraction of each phase in the eutectic is calculated via the lever rule. These are compared with experimentally determined values and found to be in good agreement.

Knorovsky, G. A.; Cieslak, M. J.; Headley, T. J.; Romig, A. D.; Hammetter, W. F.

1989-10-01

207

Causal diagrams in systems epidemiology  

PubMed Central

Methods of diagrammatic modelling have been greatly developed in the past two decades. Outside the context of infectious diseases, systematic use of diagrams in epidemiology has been mainly confined to the analysis of a single link: that between a disease outcome and its proximal determinant(s). Transmitted causes ("causes of causes") tend not to be systematically analysed. The infectious disease epidemiology modelling tradition models the human population in its environment, typically with the exposure-health relationship and the determinants of exposure being considered at individual and group/ecological levels, respectively. Some properties of the resulting systems are quite general, and are seen in unrelated contexts such as biochemical pathways. Confining analysis to a single link misses the opportunity to discover such properties. The structure of a causal diagram is derived from knowledge about how the world works, as well as from statistical evidence. A single diagram can be used to characterise a whole research area, not just a single analysis - although this depends on the degree of consistency of the causal relationships between different populations - and can therefore be used to integrate multiple datasets. Additional advantages of system-wide models include: the use of instrumental variables - now emerging as an important technique in epidemiology in the context of mendelian randomisation, but under-used in the exploitation of "natural experiments"; the explicit use of change models, which have advantages with respect to inferring causation; and in the detection and elucidation of feedback. PMID:22429606

2012-01-01

208

Photoelastic analysis of stress generated by wires when conventional and self-ligating brackets are used: A pilot study  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: By means of a photoelastic model, this study analyzed the stress caused on conventional and self-ligating brackets with expanded arch wires. METHOD: Standard brackets were adhered to artificial teeth and a photoelastic model was prepared using the Interlandi 19/12 diagram as base. Successive activations were made with 0.014-in and 0.018-in rounded cross section Nickel-Titanium wires (NiTi) and 0.019 x 0.025-in rectangular stainless steel wires all of which made on 22/14 Interlandi diagram. The model was observed on a plane polariscope - in a dark field microscope configuration - and photographed at each exchange of wire. Then, they were replaced by self-ligating brackets and the process was repeated. Analysis was qualitative and observed stress location and pattern on both models analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: Results identified greater stress on the region of the apex of premolars in both analyzed models. Upon comparing the stress between models, a greater amount of stress was found in the model with conventional brackets in all of its wires. Therefore, the present pilot study revealed that alignment of wires in self-ligating brackets produced lower stress in periodontal tissues in expansive mechanics.

Sobral, Guilherme Caiado; Vedovello, Mário; Degan, Viviane Veroni; Santamaria, Milton

2014-01-01

209

Guelph Physics Tutorials: Free Body Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers a tutorial on free body diagrams. The tutorial includes an introduction to free body diagrams, example problems, a series of self-paced questions, and a free body diagram java applet. This is part of series of tutorials on physics and mathematics used in physics classes.

2007-04-23

210

On hooks of Young diagrams Christine Bessenrodt  

E-print Network

On hooks of Young diagrams Christine Bessenrodt Fakult¨at f¨ur Mathematik Otto re­ movable box for a Young diagram is generalized to arbitrary hooks. As an application originated from a conjecture by Regev and Vershik on hook num­ bers in certain skew Young diagrams, described

Bessenrodt, Christine

211

48 CFR 852.211-70 - Service data manuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...set off from the text body so they may easily...to a functional block diagram of the equipment. Circuit... Wiring and schematic diagrams shall be included...furnish not more than three copies of the technical...electrical data and connection diagrams for all utilities....

2013-10-01

212

48 CFR 852.211-70 - Service data manuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...set off from the text body so they may easily...to a functional block diagram of the equipment. Circuit... Wiring and schematic diagrams shall be included...furnish not more than three copies of the technical...electrical data and connection diagrams for all utilities....

2014-10-01

213

48 CFR 852.211-70 - Service data manuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...set off from the text body so they may easily...to a functional block diagram of the equipment. Circuit... Wiring and schematic diagrams shall be included...furnish not more than three copies of the technical...electrical data and connection diagrams for all utilities....

2011-10-01

214

48 CFR 852.211-70 - Service data manuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...set off from the text body so they may easily...to a functional block diagram of the equipment. Circuit... Wiring and schematic diagrams shall be included...furnish not more than three copies of the technical...electrical data and connection diagrams for all utilities....

2012-10-01

215

Electrical wire insulation and electromagnetic coil  

DOEpatents

An electromagnetic coil for high temperature and high radiation application in which glass is used to insulate the electrical wire. A process for applying the insulation to the wire is disclosed which results in improved insulation properties.

Bich, George J. (Penn Hills, PA); Gupta, Tapan K. (Monroeville, PA)

1984-01-01

216

Illumination system for wire bonding inspection.  

PubMed

A novel lighting system was devised for 3D defect inspection in the wire bonding process. Gold wires of 20 microm in diameter were bonded to connect the integrated circuit (IC) chip with the substrate. Bonding wire defects can be classified as 2D type and 3D type. The 2D-type defects include missed, shifted, or shorted wires. These defects can be inspected from a 2D top-view image of the wire. The 3D-type bonding wire defects are sagging wires, and are difficult to inspect from a 2D top-view image. A structured lighting system was designed and developed to facilitate all 2D-type and 3D-type defect inspection. The devised lighting system can be programmed to turn the structured LEDs on or off independently. Experiments show that the devised illumination system is effective for wire bonding inspection and will be valuable for further applications. PMID:17279128

Perng, Der-Baau; Chou, Cheng-Chuan; Lee, Shu-Ming

2007-02-20

217

Quality control of microelectronic wire bonds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report evaluates ultrasonic bonding of small-diameter aluminum wire joined to ceramic substrates metalized with thin-film and thick-film gold. Quick testing technique for nondestructive location of poor wire bonds is also presented.

Thiel, R. A.; Schmidt, G. D.

1975-01-01

218

Technique for stripping Teflon insulated wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cryogenic stripping of Teflon insulated wire leaves no residue and produces no physical damage. After the wire is immersed in liquid nitrogen, bent slightly, and returned to room temperature, the Teflon is removed by fingernails or flat-nosed pliers.

Babb, B. D.

1967-01-01

219

Wire Capture Programs for Macintosh and IBM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses wire capture programs (computer programs which gather and process wire services such as the Associated Press or United Press) for computer labs in journalism departments. Describes details of such programs for Macintosh, IBM, and IBM clones. (SR)

Wiley, Gale

1989-01-01

220

30 CFR 56.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage transmission lines shall meet the...

2011-07-01

221

30 CFR 56.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage transmission lines shall meet the...

2012-07-01

222

30 CFR 56.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage transmission lines shall meet the...

2014-07-01

223

30 CFR 56.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage transmission lines shall meet the...

2010-07-01

224

30 CFR 57.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage...

2010-07-01

225

30 CFR 57.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage...

2012-07-01

226

30 CFR 57.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage...

2013-07-01

227

30 CFR 57.12047 - Guy wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12047 Guy wires. Guy wires of poles supporting high-voltage...

2014-07-01

228

Lourie-Love No OIT Wiring  

E-print Network

1942 1941 Lourie-Love 1922 1940 58 No OIT Wiring Building Wiring Type Category 3 or Mixed Category Streicker Bridge 63/65/67 Gulick Pavilion Lourie-Love Pavilion Lenz Tennis Center Neuro-Institute Psychology

229

Breakdown testing of wiring insulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The dielectric strength of potential wiring insulation, recommended by NASA Lewis Research Center to replace existing M81381 (polyimide), was evaluated at high temperature. Results, given in view-graph format, show that their is no dependence of breakdown strength on temperature for the constructions tested and that their was little effect of frequency on the breakdown characteristics.

Laghari, Javaid R.

1994-01-01

230

Wire-Wrap Chatter Detector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Monitoring circuit responds to changes in resistance as little as 0.1 ohm. Has been used to detect defective wire-wrap connections during thermal and vibration tests. Defect is indicated to operator by light-emitting diode and by increase in count on a two-digit display.

Fisch, G. Z.; Borden, T. J.

1982-01-01

231

Flexible substrate for printed wiring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A very flexible substrate for printed wiring is disclosed which is composed of a blend of phenoxy resin-polyisocyanate-brominated epoxy resin in which the equivalent ration of the functional groups is hydroxyl grouped: isocyanate group: epoxy group = 1:0.2 to 2:0.5 to 3. The product has outstanding solder resistance and is applied to metal without using adhesives.

Asakura, M.; Yabe, K.; Tanaka, H.; Soda, A.

1982-01-01

232

Failure mechanisms in wire ropes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inevitable attrition of wire rope in service is discussed with an overview of the consequences in terms of inspection and replacement criteria. Details are presented of specific degradation mechanisms observed in three different applications: a mine hoist rope operating on a drum winder, a mooring rope for an offshore structure and a spin-resistant single-fall offshore crane rope. In each

C. R. Chaplin

1995-01-01

233

Fabrication of tungsten wire needles  

SciTech Connect

Fine point needles for field emissoin are conventionally produced by electrolytically or chemically etching tungsten wire. Points formed in this manner have a typical tip radius of about 0.5 microns and a cone angle of some 30 degrees. The construction of needle matrix detector chambers has created a need for tungsten needles whose specifications are: 20 mil tungsten wire, 1.5 inch total length, 3 mm-long taper (resulting in a cone angle of about 5 degrees), and 25 micron-radius point (similar to that found on sewing needles). In the process described here for producing such needles, tungsten wire, immersed in a NaOH solution and in the presence of an electrode, is connected first to an ac voltage and then to a dc supply, to form a taper and a point on the end of the wire immersed in the solution. The process parameters described here are for needles that will meet the above specifications. Possible variations will be discussed under each approprite heading.

Roder, A.

1983-02-01

234

Transport Through Carbon Nanotube Wires  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation deals with the use of carbon nanotubes as a transport system. Contact, defects, tubular bend, phonons, and mechanical deformations all contribute to reflection within the nanotube wire. Bragg reflection, however, is native to an ideal energy transport system. Transmission resistance depends primarily on the level of energy present. Finally, the details regarding coupling between carbon nanotubes and simple metals are presented.

Anantram, M. P.; Kwak, Dochan (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

235

Plated wire random access memories  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A program was conducted to construct 4096-work by 18-bit random access, NDRO-plated wire memory units. The memory units were subjected to comprehensive functional and environmental tests at the end-item level to verify comformance with the specified requirements. A technical description of the unit is given, along with acceptance test data sheets.

Gouldin, L. D.

1975-01-01

236

Reusable packaging [for magnet wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reusable packaging has been with the magnet wire industry for 30 years. It has primarily been limited to plastic spools and reels. What had been very apparent over the years is that loss and damage to those reels has been very high. With a large customer base, knowing if the reels and spools have come back has been impossible. Many

L. G. Ditton

1997-01-01

237

Life prediction of aging aircraft wiring systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program goal is to develop a computerized life prediction model capable of identifying present aging progress and predicting end of life for aircraft wiring. A summary is given in viewgraph format of progress made on phase 1 objectives, which were to identify critical aircraft wiring problems; relate most common failures identified to the wire mechanism causing the failure; assess wiring requirments, materials, and stress environment for fighter aircraft; and demonstrate the feasibility of a time-temperature-environment model.

Slenski, George

1995-01-01

238

Novel Wiring Technologies for Aerospace Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Because wire failure in aerospace vehicles could be catastrophic, smart wiring capabilities have been critical for NASA. Through the years, researchers at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) have developed technologies, expertise, and research facilities to meet this need. In addition to aerospace applications, NASA has applied its knowledge of smart wiring, including self-healing materials, to serve the aviation industry. This webinar will discuss the development efforts of several wiring technologies at KSC and provide insight into both current and future research objectives.

Gibson, Tracy L.; Parrish, Lewis M.

2014-01-01

239

Force on a Current Carrying Wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use a simple set up consisting of a current carrying wire and a magnet to explore the forces which enable biomedical imaging. In doing so, students run a current through a wire and then hold magnets in various positions to establish and explore the magnetic force acting on the wire. They move the magnets and change the current in the wire to explore how the force changes.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

240

Bi-2212 Wire Porosity Reduction by HIP Processing Reduce porosity in the wire  

E-print Network

Bi-2212 Wire Porosity Reduction by HIP Processing Reduce porosity in the wire Develop method to reduce the porosity Increase Jc of the wire by increasing the density of the BSCCO core, thus increasing standard Bi-2212 heat treatment profile Procedure Quenched Green Wire without HIP treatment ­ Porosity

Weston, Ken

241

30 CFR 56.12053 - Circuits powered from trolley wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Circuits powered from trolley wires. 56.12053...MINES Electricity § 56.12053 Circuits powered from trolley wires. Ground wires for lighting circuits powered from trolley wires shall...

2014-07-01

242

STABILITY OF SUPERCONDUCTING WIRE IN MAGNETIC FIELD  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fundamental experiment was carried out to study the motion of superconducting wire under the influence of electromagnetic force. Experiments were conducted at 4.2 K by varying the experimental conditions such as applied tension to test superconducting wire, insulating material used at the interface of superconducting wire and base material. The experimental method and the test results are reported in

K. Ruwali; Y. Teramoto; Ohtsu Katata; K. Nakanishi; K. Hosoyama

243

Steam-Resistivity of Wire Insulating Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Steam is a very harsh environment for insulating materials. It is a combination of water and high temperature and sets the materials prone to hydrolysis. The aim of the study was to find suitable magnet wire and suitable connection wires for a hermetically sealed turbo-generator, which is filled with low- pressure steam. Seven differently insulated wires were tested in hot,

V. Sihvo; J. Pyrhonen

2007-01-01

244

Field measurement of branch circuit wire temperatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Temperature excursions of residential branch circuit wiring under field conditions were monitored to develop a field data base needed to determine the prevailing conditions in the field and to respond to various assertions that the encapsulation of branch circuit wiring within thermal insulation is a potential hazard. Previous laboratory investigations demonstrated that buried wires, when operated continuously at rated ampacity,

T. K. Falson

1981-01-01

245

The Selection of Coatings for Printed Wiring  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is pointed out that printed wiring has given rise to a serious surface leakage problem, in contrast to standard wiring where volume leakage is predominant. Suitable insulating coatings are credited with protection against contamination and moisture entry, as well as with control of corona at high altitudes. A coating material suitable for use on printed wiring boards is described

R. Martel; L. Martin

1957-01-01

246

Linking climate to population variability in marine ecosystems characterized by non-simple dynamics: Conceptual templates and schematic constructs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability to abstract and symbolize ideas and knowledge as simplified schematic constructs is an important element of scientific creativity and communication. Availability of such generalized symbolic constructs may be particularly important when addressing a complex adaptive system such as a marine ecosystem. Various examples have appeared in the climate-fisheries literature, each more or less effectively integrating hypothesized effects of several interacting environmental and/or biological processes in controlling population dynamics of exploited fish species. A selection of these are herein presented and reviewed, including match-mismatch, connectivity, school trap, loopholes, ocean triads, stable ocean hypothesis, several classes of nonlinear feedback loops (e.g., ' P2P', school-mix feedback, predator pit), as well as several prominent large-scale integrative climatic index series ( SOI, NAO, PDO). The importance of considering the potential for adaptation and/or rapid evolution is stressed. An argument is offered for the potential utility of such widely recognizable schematic concepts in offering relatively well-understood, fairly well-defined frameworks for comparative identification and elaboration of important mechanistic linkages between climate variability and fishery dynamics, as well as in easing effective communication among scientists from different regions and disciplinary backgrounds. Certain difficulties in the application of the comparative method are discussed. It is suggested that alleviation of such difficulties may be one of the major benefits of international collaborative programs such as GLOBEC and IMBER.

Bakun, Andrew

2010-02-01

247

Frequency response in short thermocouple wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Theoretical expressions are derived for the steady state frequency response of a thermocouple wire. In particular, the effects of axial heat conduction are demonstrated for a nonuniform wire with unequal material properties and wire diameters across the junction. The amplitude ratio at low frequency omega approaches 0 agrees with the results of Scadron and Warshawsky (1952) for a steady state temperature distribution. Moreover, the frequency response for a nonuniform wire in the limit of infinite length l approaches infinity is shown to reduce to a simple expression that is analogous to the classic first order solution for a thermocouple wire with uniform properties. Theoretical expressions are also derived for the steady state frequency response of a supported thermocouple wire. In particular, the effects of axial heat conduction are demonstrated for both a supported one material wire and a two material wire with unequal material properties across the junction. For the case of a one material supported wire, an exact solution is derived which compares favorably with an approximate expression that only matches temperatures at the support junction. Moreover, for the case of a two material supported wire, an analytical expression is derived that closely correlates numerical results. Experimental measurements are made for the steady state frequency response of a supported thermocouple wire. In particular, the effects of axial heat conduction are demonstrated for both a supported one material wire (type K) and a two material wire (type T) with unequal material properties across the junction. The data for the amplitude ratio and phase angle are correlated to within 10 pct. with the theoretical predictions of Forney and Fralick (1991). This is accomplished by choosing a natural frequency omega sub n for the wire data to correlate the first order response at large gas temperature frequencies. It is found that a large bead size, however, will increase the amplitude ratio at low frequencies but decrease the natural frequency of the wire. The phase angle data are also distorted for imperfect junctions.

Forney, L. J.; Meeks, E. L.; Ma, J.; Fralick, G. C.

1992-10-01

248

Biological processes, properties and molecular wiring diagrams of candidate low-penetrance breast cancer susceptibility genes  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Recent advances in whole-genome association studies (WGASs) for human cancer risk are beginning to provide the part lists of low-penetrance susceptibility genes. However, statistical analysis in these studies is complicated by the vast number of genetic variants examined and the weak effects observed, as a result of which constraints must be incorporated into the study design and analytical approach.

Núria Bonifaci; Antoni Berenguer; Javier Díez; Oscar Reina; Ignacio Medina; Joaquín Dopazo; Víctor Moreno; Miguel Angel Pujana

2008-01-01

249

Arc tracking properties of the aging wires in aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

A modern commercial aircraft contains hundreds of miles of wiring. This vastly increased use of wiring, in conjunction with decreased insulation thickness, has increased the incidence of wire-related aircraft safety problems. Due to thermal, electrical, mechanical and chemical overstress, the aircraft wiring will be aged and the wire insulation will be decreased. Microscopic cracking occurs in wire insulation as the

Wang Yongxing; Dong Enyuan; Cong Jiyuan; Zou Jiyan; Dieter Koenig

2008-01-01

250

Plunging method for Nd : YAG laser cladding with wire feeding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of wire feeding direction and position, cladding time, and cladding speed on the quality of cladding layer for laser cladding with wire feeding are studied. Experiment results indicate that the wire feeding direction and position are important for wire laser cladding. By adopting the correct wire feeding direction and position, the wire can be plunged into the melt

Jae-Do Kim; Yun Peng

2000-01-01

251

Wire rope and method of making same  

SciTech Connect

A wire rope, particularly a non-twistable wire rope, wherein an annulus of outer strands surrounds a wire rope center with a central strand and one or more annuli of neighboring strands surrounding the central strand. The wires of the strands in the center do not intersect each other. The entire center or at least some of its strands are densified prior to or during application of the outer strands. Alternatively, or in addition to such densification, at least some strands of the center are assembled of wires having an other than circular outline to thereby reduce the combined cross-sectional area of voids in the center.

Verreet, R.

1984-06-19

252

Length-Dependent Resistance of Thin Wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The electrical properties of wires with cross-sectional areas of order 1 × 10-11 cm2 and lengths as small as 0.2 ?m have been studied. At temperatures below about 10 K, the resistance of the wires increases with decreasing temperature, as found in previous studies of much longer wires. For wires shorter than about 5 ?m, the resistance rise decreases as the length of the wire is decreased. From these results a characteristic length scale of approximately 0.2 ?m at 1.5 K is found, in good agreement with the current theory.

Masden, J. T.; Giordano, N.

1982-09-01

253

NASA wiring for space applications program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the NASA Wiring for Space Applications Program and its relationship to NASA's space technology enterprise is given in viewgraph format. The mission of the space technology enterprise is to pioneer, with industry, the development and use of space technology to secure national economic competitiveness, promote industrial growth, and to support space missions. The objectives of the NASA Wiring for Space Applications Program is to improve the safety, performance, and reliability of wiring systems for space applications and to develop improved wiring technologies for NASA flight programs and commercial applications. Wiring system failures in space and commercial applications have shown the need for arc track resistant wiring constructions. A matrix of tests performed versus wiring constructions is presented. Preliminary data indicate the performance of the Tensolite and Filotex hybrid constructions are the best of the various candidates.

Schulze, Norman

1995-01-01

254

Sintered wire cesium dispenser photocathode  

DOEpatents

A photoelectric cathode has a work function lowering material such as cesium placed into an enclosure which couples a thermal energy from a heater to the work function lowering material. The enclosure directs the work function lowering material in vapor form through a low diffusion layer, through a free space layer, and through a uniform porosity layer, one side of which also forms a photoelectric cathode surface. The low diffusion layer may be formed from sintered powdered metal, such as tungsten, and the uniform porosity layer may be formed from wires which are sintered together to form pores between the wires which are continuous from the a back surface to a front surface which is also the photoelectric surface.

Montgomery, Eric J; Ives, R. Lawrence; Falce, Louis R

2014-03-04

255

Critique of Ground Wire Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper consists of three parts, I??Induced Potentials, II??Direct Hits, and III??Other Effects. The work of previous investigators is briefly reviewed, and the limitations of their premises pointed out. Under Part I a generalized theory of ideal ground wires is offered, which takes into account the law of cloud discharge, the distribution of bound charge, and the formation of traveling

L. V. Bewley

1931-01-01

256

Pin Wire Coating Trip Report  

SciTech Connect

A meeting to discuss the current pin wire coating problems was held at the Reynolds plant in Los Angeles on 2MAR04. The attendance list for Reynolds personnel is attached. there was an initial presentation which gave a brief history and the current status of pin wire coating at Reynolds. There was a presentation by Lori Primus on the requirements and issues for the coating. There was a presentation by Jim Smith of LANL on the chemistry and to some extent process development done to date. There was a long session covering what steps should be taken in the short term and, to a lesser extent, the long term. The coating currently being used is a blend of two polymers, polyethersulfone and polyparabanic acid (PPA) and some TiO2 filler. This system was accepted and put into production when the pin wire coating was outsourced to another company in 1974. When that company no longer was interested, the wire coating was brought in-house to Reynolds. At that time polyparabanic acid was actually a commercial product available from Exxon under the trade name Tradlon. However, it appears that the material used at Reynolds was synthesized locally. Also, it appears that a single large batch was synthesized in that time period and used up to 1997 when the supply ran out. The reason for the inclusion of TiO2 is not known although it does act as a rheological thickener. However, a more controlled thickening can be obtained with materials such as fumed silica. This material would have less likelihood of causing point imperfections in the coatings. Also, the mixing technique being used for all stages of the process is a relatively low shear ball mill process and the author recommends a high shear process such as a three roll paint mill, at least for the final mixing. Since solvent is added to the powder at Reynolds, it may be that they need to have the paint mill there.

Spellman, G P

2004-03-18

257

Dispersion interactions between semiconducting wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dispersion energy between extended molecular chains (or equivalently infinite wires) with nonzero band gaps is generally assumed to be expressible as a pair-wise sum of atom-atom terms which decay as R-6 . Using a model system of two parallel wires with a variable band gap, we show that this is not the case. The dispersion interaction scales as z-5 for large interwire separations z , as expected for an insulator, but as the band gap decreases the interaction is greatly enhanced; while at shorter (but nonoverlapping) separations it approaches a power-law scaling given by z-2 , i.e., the dispersion interaction expected between metallic wires. We demonstrate that these effects can be understood from the increasing length scale of the plasmon modes (charge fluctuations), and their increasing contribution to the molecular dipole polarizability and the dispersion interaction, as the band gaps are reduced. This result calls into question methods which invoke locality assumptions in deriving dispersion interactions between extended small-gap systems.

Misquitta, Alston J.; Spencer, James; Stone, Anthony J.; Alavi, Ali

2010-08-01

258

A layout algorithm for data flow diagrams  

SciTech Connect

A layout algorithm is presented that allows the automatic drawing of data flow diagrams, a diagrammatic representation widely used in the functional analysis of information systems. A grid standard is defined for such diagrams, and aesthetics for a good readability are identified. The layout algorithm receives as input an abstract graph, specifying connectivity relations between the elements of the diagram, and produces as output a corresponding diagram according to the aesthetics. The basic strategy is to build incrementally the layout; first, a good topology is constructed with few crossings between edges; subsequently, the shape of the diagram is determined in terms of angles appearing along edges; and finally, dimensions are given to the graph, obtaining a grid skeleton for the diagram.

Batini, C.; Nardelli, E.; Tamassia, R.

1986-04-01

259

Variable stars across the observational HR diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of pulsating variable stars across the observational Hertzprung-Russel (HR) diagram is presented, together with a summary of their global properties. The HR diagram is presented with a third colour-coded dimension, visualizing the fraction of variable, the amplitude of variability or the period of variability. The distribution of variable stars in the other observational diagrams, such as the Period-Amplitude

Laurent Eyer; Nami Mowlavi

2008-01-01

260

Hubble's diagram and cosmic expansion  

PubMed Central

Edwin Hubble's classic article on the expanding universe appeared in PNAS in 1929 [Hubble, E. P. (1929) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 15, 168–173]. The chief result, that a galaxy's distance is proportional to its redshift, is so well known and so deeply embedded into the language of astronomy through the Hubble diagram, the Hubble constant, Hubble's Law, and the Hubble time, that the article itself is rarely referenced. Even though Hubble's distances have a large systematic error, Hubble's velocities come chiefly from Vesto Melvin Slipher, and the interpretation in terms of the de Sitter effect is out of the mainstream of modern cosmology, this article opened the way to investigation of the expanding, evolving, and accelerating universe that engages today's burgeoning field of cosmology. PMID:14695886

Kirshner, Robert P.

2004-01-01

261

Phase diagrams for DNA crystallization systems.  

PubMed

Phase diagrams for several oligonucleotide duplex-spermine systems have been constructed. These diagrams characterize the duplex and spermine concentrations ranges in which crystalline precipitates are formed. All of them are wedge-like form. The slope of the upper branch of the diagram is determined by the oligonucleotide length. The position of the lower branch depends on both the nucleotide sequence and its length. The position of the lower branch depends on both the nucleotide sequence and its length. It has been shown that the addition to the system of MgCl2 and NaCl salts and MPD results in specific changes in the diagrams. A model for oligonucleotide duplex-spermine system has been suggested which explains the main characteristic features of the obtained phase diagrams. The experimental phase diagrams for the (pGpT)n (pApC)n-spermine system (n = 2,3,4) have been analyzed ion terms of this model and the values of the binding constants of spermine and Mg2+ ions binding to duplexes have been determined. It permitted to identify the complexes that precipitated in different regions of the phase diagrams under various conditions. The diagram obtained in the presence of a cobalt hexammine counterion is also considered. It has been shown that this phase diagram, in general, is similar to those obtained for the oligonucleotide duplex-spermine system. PMID:3271481

Malinina, L V; Makhaldiani, V V; Tereshko, V A; Zarytova, V F; Ivanova, E M

1987-10-01

262

Variable stars across the observational HR diagram  

E-print Network

An overview of pulsating variable stars across the observational Hertzprung-Russel (HR) diagram is presented, together with a summary of their global properties. The HR diagram is presented with a third colour-coded dimension, visualizing the fraction of variable, the amplitude of variability or the period of variability. The distribution of variable stars in the other observational diagrams, such as the Period-Amplitude diagram, is also presented. Some of the progresses performed in the field of variable stars during the last decade are briefly summarized, and future projects that will improve our knowledge of variable stars are mentioned.

Laurent Eyer; Nami Mowlavi

2007-12-21

263

Hofstadter Butterfly Diagram in Noncommutative Space  

E-print Network

We study an energy spectrum of electron moving under the constant magnetic field in two dimensional noncommutative space. It take place with the gauge invariant way. The Hofstadter butterfly diagram of the noncommutative space is calculated in terms of the lattice model which is derived by the Bopp's shift for space and by the Peierls substitution for external magnetic field. We also find the fractal structure in new diagram. Although the global features of the new diagram are similar to the diagram of the commutative space, the detail structure is different from it.

Hidenori Takahashi; Masanori Yamanaka

2006-06-23

264

Method and apparatus for laying wire arrays  

DOEpatents

Wire arrays (11) having a continuous wire (12) which is formed into a predetermined pattern and adhered to a backing material or substrate (13) are fabricated by applying adhesive material (16a, 16b) along opposite edge portions (17, 18) of the substrate, positioning a row of winding spools (21) along each of the edge portions and repeatedly extending the wire between and around successive spools at the opposite edge portions. The wound wire is then traveled along each spool toward the substrate and into contact with the adhesive. The spools are then removed and a coating of hardenable material (54) is applied to secure the wound wire to the substrate. Tension in the wire is relieved prior to contact of the wire with the adhesive and a small amount of slack is introduced into the wire before the final coating step. Mechanism (32) is provided for lifting the spools away from the substrate without disturbing the wound wire. The method and apparatus enable manufacture of precisely configured wire arrays without complex or costly equipment and do not require structural alterations in the substrate for the purpose of accommodating to fabrication equipment.

Horowitz, Seymour M. (6525 Swainland Dr., Oakland, CA 94611); Nesbitt, Dale D. (1712 Marin Ave., Berkeley, CA 94707)

1986-01-01

265

Wire ablation dynamics model and its application to imploding wire arrays of different geometries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents an extended description of the amplified wire ablation dynamics model (WADM), which accounts in a single simulation for the processes of wire ablation and implosion of a wire array load of arbitrary geometry and wire material composition. To investigate the role of wire ablation effects, the implosions of cylindrical and planar wire array loads at the university based generators Cobra (Cornell University) and Zebra (University of Nevada, Reno) have been analyzed. The analysis of the experimental data shows that the wire mass ablation rate can be described as a function of the current through the wire and some coefficient defined by the wire material properties. The aluminum wires were found to ablate with the highest rate, while the copper ablation is the slowest one. The lower wire ablation rate results in a higher inward velocity of the ablated plasma, a higher rate of the energy coupling with the ablated plasma, and a more significant delay of implosion for a heavy load due to the ablation effects, which manifest the most in a cylindrical array configuration and almost vanish in a single-planar array configuration. The WADM is an efficient tool suited for wire array load design and optimization in wide parameter ranges, including the loads with specific properties needed for the inertial confinement fusion research and laboratory astrophysics experiments. The data output from the WADM simulation can be used to simplify the radiation magnetohydrodynamics modeling of the wire array plasma.

Esaulov, A. A.; Kantsyrev, V. L.; Safronova, A. S.; Velikovich, A. L.; Shrestha, I. K.; Williamson, K. M.; Osborne, G. C.

2012-10-01

266

On hooks of skew Young diagrams and bars in shifted diagrams  

E-print Network

1 On hooks of skew Young diagrams and bars in shifted diagrams Christine Bessenrodt Fakultat f;ectiveness of the methods introduced in [1] we investi- gate hooks in skew Young diagrams and bars in shifted combinatorial proofs for re#12;ned identities on multisets of hooks in the case of shift-symmetric partitions. 1

Bessenrodt, Christine

267

Multidimensional Modeling with UML Package Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Unified Modeling Language (UML) has become the defacto standard for object-oriented analysis and design, providing differentdiagrams for modeling different aspects of a system. In this paper, wepresent the development of multidimensional (MD) models for data warehouses(DW) using UML package diagrams. In this way, when modelingcomplex and large DW systems, we are not restricted to use fiat UMLclass diagrams. We

Sergio Luján-mora; Juan Trujillo; Il-yeol Song

2002-01-01

268

Projections in Venn-Euler Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Venn diagrams and Euler circles have long been used to express constraints on sets and their relationships with other sets. However, these notations can get very cluttered when we consider many closed curves or contours. In order to reduce this clutter, and to focus attention within the diagram appropriately, the notion of a projected contour, or projection, is introduced. Informally,

Joseph Gil; John Howse; Stuart Kent; John Taylor

2000-01-01

269

THE QCD PHASE DIAGRAM AT FINITE DENSITY.  

SciTech Connect

We study the density of states method to explore the phase diagram of the chiral transition on the temperature and quark chemical potential plane. Four quark flavours are used in the analysis. Though the method is quite expensive small lattices show an indication for a triple-point connecting three different phases on the phase diagram.

SCHMIDT, C.; FODOR, Z.; KATZ, S.

2005-07-25

270

Shear and Moment Diagrams with a Microcomputer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an Applesoft computer program which determines the shear and moment diagrams for any combination of four different load configurations on a simply supported beam. Examples of different load configurations and the diagrams produced are included. Also included is the program listing. (JN)

Wallace, John S.

1984-01-01

271

Myopic Value of Information in Influence Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a method for calculation of myopicvalue of information in influence diagrams(Howard & Matheson, 1981) based onthe strong junction tree framework (Jensenet al., 1994) .An influence diagram specifies a certain orderof observations and decisions through itsstructure. This order is reflected in the correspondingjunction trees by the order in whichthe nodes are marginalized. This order ofmarginalization can be changed by

Søren L. Dittmer; Finn Verner Jensen

1997-01-01

272

Phase Diagrams for Traffics on the Crossroad  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traffic flows on two one-lane roads, crossing at a point, are studied on the basis of the local occupation probability method. The phase diagrams are constructed for the cases of various maximum car velocities. It has turned out that the phase diagrams consist essentailly of five regions.

Ishibashi, Yoshihiro; Fukui, Minoru

2001-09-01

273

The QCD phase diagram at finite density  

E-print Network

We study the density of states method to explore the phase diagram of the chiral transition on the tempeature and quark chemical potential plane. Four quark flavours are used in the analysis. Though the method is quite expensive small lattices show an indication for a triple-point connecting three different phases on the phase diagram.

Christian Schmidt; Zoltan Fodor; Sandor Katz

2005-10-18

274

Resummation of Cactus Diagrams in Lattice QCD  

E-print Network

We show how to perform a resummation, to all orders in perturbation theory, of a certain class of gauge invariant diagrams in Lattice QCD. These diagrams are often largely responsible for lattice artifacts. Our resummation leads to an improved perturbative expansion. Applied to a number of cases of interest, this expansion yields results remarkably close to corresponding nonperturbative estimates.

H. Panagopoulos; E. Vicari

1998-06-08

275

Wire frame to MOVIE. BYU transfer program  

SciTech Connect

At SNLA, the primary computer-aided drafting tool is the Applicon Graphics System (AGS). The data base for mechanical parts on the AGS is a wire frame model. This report summarizes a method of adding surface information to the wire frame and passing this information up stream to MOVIE.BYU which is on a VAX computer and is used to produce shaded graphics pictures of the AGS wire frame model on a RAMTEK 9400 display terminal.

Robbins, D.; Byers, L.D.; Benner, M.S.

1982-12-01

276

Induced EMF in a coil of wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use a simple set up consisting of a coil of wire and a magnet to visualize induced EMF. First, students move a coil of wire near a magnet and observe the voltage that results. They then experiment with moving the wire, magnet, and a second, current carrying coil. Students connect the coil to a circuit and the current from the induced EMF charges a conductor.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

277

Wrapped Wire Detects Rupture Of Pressure Vessel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Simple, inexpensive technique helps protect against damage caused by continuing operation of equipment after rupture or burnout of pressure vessel. Wire wrapped over area on outside of vessel where breakthrough most likely. If wall breaks or burns, so does wire. Current passing through wire ceases, triggering cutoff mechanism stopping flow in vessel to prevent further damage. Applied in other situations in which pipes or vessels fail due to overpressure, overheating, or corrosion.

Hunt, James B.

1990-01-01

278

Space Shuttle Columbia Aging Wiring Failure Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Space Shuttle Columbia main engine controller 14 AWG wire short circuited during the launch of STS-93. Post-flight examination divulged that the wire had electrically arced against the head of a nearby bolt. More extensive inspection revealed additional damage to the subject wire, and to other wires as well from the mid-body of Columbia. The shorted wire was to have been constructed from nickel-plated copper conductors surrounded by the polyimide insulation Kapton, top-coated with an aromatic polyimide resin. The wires were analyzed via scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (EDX), and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA); differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) were performed on the polyimide. Exemplar testing under laboratory conditions was performed to replicate the mechanical damage characteristics evident on the failed wires. The exemplar testing included a step test, where, as the name implies, a person stepped on a simulated wire bundle that rested upon a bolt head. Likewise, a shear test that forced a bolt head and a torque tip against a wire was performed to attempt to damage the insulation and conductor. Additionally, a vibration test was performed to determine if a wire bundle would abrade when vibrated against the head of a bolt. Also, an abrasion test was undertaken to determine if the polyimide of the wire could be damaged by rubbing against convolex helical tubing. Finally, an impact test was performed to ascertain if the use of the tubing would protect the wire from the strike of a foreign object.

McDaniels, Steven J.

2005-01-01

279

Nondestructive Evaluation of Aircraft and Spacecraft Wiring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spacecraft, and especially aircraft, often fry well past their original design lives and, therefore, the need to develop nondestructive evaluation procedures for inspection of vital structures in these craft is extremely important. One of the more recent problems is the degradation of wiring and wiring insulation. The present paper describes several nondestructive characterization methods which afford the possibility to detect wiring and insulation degradation in-situ prior to major problems with the safety of aircraft and spacecraft.

White, John E.; Tucholski, Edward J.; Green, Robert E., Jr.

2004-01-01

280

Hot-Wire Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gold nanoparticles were synthesized by a hot-wire generator at atmospheric pressure using a gold-platinum composite wire. At low gas flow velocities the nanoparticles were found to be agglomerates of partially sintered primary particles. By reducing the tube size via the insertion of a nozzle with a throat diameter of 3 mm, the hot-wire generator was found to produce small (<10

Adam M. Boies; Pingyan Lei; Steven Calder; Weon Gyu Shin; Steven L. Girshick

2011-01-01

281

Proposed silicon wire interleaver structure.  

PubMed

A Ring-resonator Mach-Zehnder interferometer (RR-MZI) optical interleaver structure comprising a ring resonator (RR) and a 3 dB directional coupler is proposed. The interleaver is fabricated with 300 nm x 300 nm silicon wires on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers. The fabricated interleaver demonstrates a flat-top spectral response, and the measured free spectral range (FSR) is approximately 20 nm. The insertion loss (IL) of the device is approximately -10 dB and the polarization dependent loss (PDL) <5 dB. Both the experimental and simulation results are in good agreement. PMID:18545495

Song, Junfeng; Fang, Q; Tao, S H; Yu, M B; Lo, G Q; Kwong, D L

2008-05-26

282

Transport Through Carbon Nanotube Wires  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of the the current carrying capacity of nanotube wires. Information is given on the motivation for the research, models and assumptions, Bragg reflection and Zener tunneling effects, and the influence of defects. Results show that dI/dv versus V does not increase in a manner commensurate with the increase in the number of subbands; in small diameter nanotubes, Zener tunneling is ineffective; Zener tunneling contributes to current with increase in nanotube diameter; and the increase in dI/dV with bias is much smaller than the increase in the number of subbands.

Anantram, M. P.; Yan, Jerry (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

283

HertzsprungâRussell (H-R) Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The HertzsprungâRussell (H-R) Diagrams model simulates HertzsprungâRussell (HR or H-R) diagram for groups of stars. The diagram is a scatter plot of steller luminosity vs. stellar temperature. The luminosity of stars is proportional to the star's radius squared and its temperature to the fourth power, and for Main Sequence stars, their luminosity is also proportional to their mass to the 3.5 power. Since the range of stellar luminosities and stellar temperatures is so large, the plot uses a log-log scale. The diagram is a way to understand stellar evolution. The HR diagram shows nearby stars, bright stars, and a user-defined star. One can also show the blackbody radiation curve and the user-defined star. The radius of the user-defined star (in Rsun) and the temperature of the user-defined star in Kelvin (5780 K is Tsun) can be changed.

Belloni, Mario

2010-11-11

284

MACHINING STABILITY OF WIRE EDM OF TITANIUM.  

E-print Network

??This work presents an experimental investigation of wire electro-discharge machining (WEDM) of titanium alloy. The outstanding characteristics of titanium alloys such as their compatibility and… (more)

Nourbakhsh, Farnaz

2012-01-01

285

Phase diagram of ammonium nitrate  

SciTech Connect

Ammonium Nitrate (AN) is a fertilizer, yet becomes an explosive upon a small addition of chemical impurities. The origin of enhanced chemical sensitivity in impure AN (or AN mixtures) is not well understood, posing significant safety issues in using AN even today. To remedy the situation, we have carried out an extensive study to investigate the phase stability of AN and its mixtures with hexane (ANFO–AN mixed with fuel oil) and Aluminum (Ammonal) at high pressures and temperatures, using diamond anvil cells (DAC) and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The results indicate that pure AN decomposes to N{sub 2}, N{sub 2}O, and H{sub 2}O at the onset of the melt, whereas the mixtures, ANFO and Ammonal, decompose at substantially lower temperatures. The present results also confirm the recently proposed phase IV-IV{sup ?} transition above 17 GPa and provide new constraints for the melting and phase diagram of AN to 40 GPa and 400°C.

Dunuwille, Mihindra; Yoo, Choong-Shik, E-mail: csyoo@wsu.edu [Department of Chemistry and Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 (United States)

2013-12-07

286

Investigation of ablation and implosion dynamics in linear wire arrays  

SciTech Connect

Ablation and implosion dynamics were investigated by optical probing in linear wire arrays of different geometry. Formation of ablation jets begins on the outermost wires. In the beginning of implosion plasma bubbles arise in breaks on the outer wires. Implosion bubbles move to the next wire in the array and hit the plasma column with the speed >250 km/s. Imploding plasma moves to the center of the array cascading from wire to wire. Configuration of magnetic fields in the linear array can be changed by variation of wire spacing. The regimes of ablation and implosion in the wire arrays are found to differ with different wire spacing.

Ivanov, V. V.; Sotnikov, V. I.; Haboub, A.; Sarkisov, G. E.; Presura, R.; Cowan, T. E. [University of Nevada, Reno, 5625 Fox Avenue, Reno, Nevada 89506 (United States); Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); University of Nevada, Reno, 5625 Fox Avenue, Reno, Nevada 89506 (United States)

2007-03-15

287

Exploring Verbal, Visual and Schematic Learners' Static and Dynamic Mental Images of Scientific Species and Processes in Relation to Their Spatial Ability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study compared different learners' static and dynamic mental images of unseen scientific species and processes in relation to their spatial ability. Learners were classified into verbal, visual and schematic. Dynamic images were classified into: appearing/disappearing, linear-movement, and rotation. Two types of scientific…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Coll, Richard Kevin

2013-01-01

288

Vision Rcs. Vol. 13, pp. 244%24J3. Pergamon Press 1973. Rioted in Great Britain. A SCHEMATIC EYE FOR THE PIGEON  

E-print Network

a schematic eye. Appreciating that the pigeon is commonly used in vision research, we are now pub- lishing our adopted the following scheme. (u) Refraction Nine pigeons were fully refracted in lighted surroundings in both eyes to fD by an experienced refraction- ist. We assumed this was the relaxed condition because

289

Tuning a Tetrahertz Wire Laser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tunable terahertz lasers are desirable in applications in sensing and spectroscopy because many biochemical species have strong spectral fingerprints at terahertz frequencies. Conventionally, the frequency of a laser is tuned in a similar manner to a stringed musical instrument, in which pitch is varied by changing the length of the string (the longitudinal component of the wave vector) and/ or its tension (the refractive index). However, such methods are difficult to implement in terahertz semiconductor lasers because of their poor outcoupling efficiencies. Here, we demonstrate a novel tuning mechanism based on a unique 'wire laser' device for which the transverse dimension w is much much less than lambda. Placing a movable object close to the wire laser manipulates a large fraction of the waveguided mode propagating outside the cavity, thereby tuning its resonant frequency. Continuous single-mode redshift and blueshift tuning is demonstrated for the same device by using either a dielectric or metallic movable object. In combination, this enables a frequency tuning of approximately equal to 137 GHz (3.6%) from a single laser device at approximately equal to 3.8 THz.

Qin, Qi; Williams, Benjamin S.; Kumar, Sushil; Reno, John L.; Hu, Qing

2009-01-01

290

a Wire Tension Meter for the LHCb Muon Chambers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wire tension meter has been developed for the multiwire chambers of the LHCb muon detector. The wire tension is deduced from its mechanical resonance frequency. In the LHCb muon chambers, the wires are electrically connected in group of 14, so that the wire excitation method based on the interaction between a current sent into a wire and an external

A. Buccheri; E. Dané; A. Frenkel; G. Martellotti; A. Medvedkov; A. Pelosi; G. Penso; D. Pinci; G. Pirozzi; M. Dwuznik; A. Kachtchouk; B. Schmidt; G. Felici; C. Forti; V. V. Kulikov; A. Nedosekin

2004-01-01

291

Improving humidity bond reliability of copper bonding wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing interest in Cu wire bonding for LSI interconnection due to cost savings and better electrical and mechanical properties. Conventional bare Cu bonding wires, in general, are severely limited in their use compared to Au wires. A coated Cu bonding wire (EX1) has been developed for LSI application. EX1 is a Pd-coated Cu wire to enhance the bondability.

Tomohiro Uno; Takashi Yamada

2010-01-01

292

The mechanical behavior of a wire rope with an independent wire rope core  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new model for simulating the mechanical response of a wire rope with an independent wire rope core is presented. The rope is subjected to both an axial load and an axial torque. In contrast with previous models that consider the effective response of wound strands, the present model fully considers the double-helix configuration of individual wires within the wound

D. Elata; R. Eshkenazy; M. P. Weiss

2004-01-01

293

Back to the future: past and future era-based schematic support and associative memory for prices in younger and older adults.  

PubMed

Older adults typically display various associative memory deficits, but these deficits can be reduced when conditions allow for the use of prior knowledge or schematic support. To determine how era-specific schematic support and future simulation might influence associative memory, we examined how younger and older adults remember prices from the past as well as the future. Younger and older adults were asked to imagine the past or future, and then studied items and prices from approximately 40 years ago (market value prices from the 1970s) or 40 years in the future. In Experiment 1, all items were common items (e.g., movie ticket, coffee) and the associated prices reflected the era in question, whereas in Experiment 2, some item-price pairs were specific to the time period (e.g., typewriter, robot maid), to test different degrees of schematic support. After studying the pairs, participants were shown each item and asked to recall the associated price. In both experiments, older adults showed similar performance as younger adults in the past condition for the common items, whereas age-related differences were greater in the future condition and for the era-specific items. The findings suggest that in order for schematic support to be effective, recent (and not simply remote) experience is needed in order to enhance memory. Thus, whereas older adults can benefit from "turning back the clock," younger adults better remember future-oriented information compared with older adults, outlining age-related similarities and differences in associative memory and the efficient use of past and future-based schematic support. PMID:24128073

Castel, Alan D; McGillivray, Shannon; Worden, Kendell M

2013-12-01

294

Back to the Future: Past and Future Era-Based Schematic Support and Associative Memory for Prices in Younger and Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Older adults typically display various associative memory deficits, but these deficits can be reduced when conditions allow for the use of prior knowledge or schematic support. To determine how era-specific schematic support and future simulation might influence associative memory, we examined how younger and older adults remember prices from the past as well as the future. Younger and older adults were asked to imagine the past or future, and then studied items and prices from approximately 40 years ago (market value prices from the 1970s) or 40 years in the future. In Experiment 1, all items were common items (e.g., movie ticket, coffee) and the associated prices reflected the era in question, whereas in Experiment 2, some item-price pairs were specific to the time period (e.g., typewriter, robot maid), to test different degrees of schematic support. After studying the pairs, participants were shown each item and asked to recall the associated price. In both experiments, older adults showed similar performance as younger adults in the past condition for the common items, whereas age-related differences were greater in the future condition and for the era-specific items. The findings suggest that in order for schematic support to be effective, recent (and not simply remote) experience is needed in order to enhance memory. Thus, whereas older adults can benefit from “turning back the clock,” younger adults better remember future-oriented information compared with older adults, outlining age-related similarities and differences in associative memory and the efficient use of past and future-based schematic support. PMID:24128073

Castel, Alan D.; McGillivray, Shannon; Worden, Kendell M.

2014-01-01

295

The Amplituhedron from Momentum Twistor Diagrams  

E-print Network

We propose a new diagrammatic formulation of the all-loop scattering amplitudes/Wilson loops in planar N=4 SYM, dubbed the "momentum-twistor diagrams". These are on-shell-diagrams obtained by gluing trivalent black and white vertices defined in momentum twistor space, which, in the reduced diagram case, are known to be related to diagrams in the original twistor space. The new diagrams are manifestly Yangian invariant, and they naturally represent factorization and forward-limit contributions in the all-loop BCFW recursion relations in momentum twistor space, in a fashion that is completely different from those in momentum space. We show how to construct and evaluate momentum-twistor diagrams, and how to use them to obtain tree-level amplitudes and loop-level integrands; in particular for the latter we identify an isolated bubble-structure for each loop variable, arising from a forward limit, or entangled removal of particles. From a given diagram one can directly read off the C, D matrices via a generalized "boundary measurement"; this in turn determines a cell in the amplituhedron associated with the amplitude, and our diagrammatic representations of the amplitude can provide triangulations of the amplituhedron with generally very intricate geometries. To demonstrate the computational power of the formalism, we give explicit results for general two-loop integrands, and the cells of the complete amplituhedron for two-loop MHV amplitudes.

Yuntao Bai; Song He

2014-08-11

296

49 CFR 236.76 - Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus. 236.76 Section...Systems Wires and Cables § 236.76 Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus. Each...

2013-10-01

297

49 CFR 234.239 - Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus. 234.239 Section...Maintenance Standards § 234.239 Tagging of wires and interference of wires or tags with signal apparatus. Each wire...

2010-10-01

298

Improved Superconducting Wire for Wind Generators: Superconducting Wires for Direct-Drive Wind Generators  

SciTech Connect

REACT Project: Brookhaven National Laboratory will develop a low-cost superconducting wire that could be used in high-power wind generators. Superconducting wire currently transports 600 times more electric current than a similarly sized copper wire, but is significantly more expensive. Brookhaven National Laboratory will develop a high-performance superconducting wire that can handle significantly more electrical current, and will demonstrate an advanced manufacturing process that has the potential to yield a several-fold reduction in wire costs while using a using negligible amount of rare earth material. This design has the potential to make a wind turbine generator lighter, more powerful, and more efficient, particularly for offshore applications.

None

2012-01-01

299

Ultra-flexible biomedical electrodes and wires  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Soft, flexible electrode conforms to body contour during body motion. It is fabricated from an elastomer impregnated with a conductive powder which can be configured into any required shape, including a wire shape to connect the electrode directly to an electrical instrument or to a conventional metallic wire.

Rositano, S. A.

1970-01-01

300

Corrosion and biocompatibility of orthodontic wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing number of orthodontic treatments using devices containing nickel and the growing prevalence of nickel allergy in the average population, biocompatibility studies of these devices have become a topic of major interest. The corrosion behavior of orthodontic wires is a decisive factor determining their biocompatibility. Therefore four nickel–titanium guiding arches, a titanium–molybdenum and a stainless steel wire were

F. Widu; D. Drescher; R. Junker; C. Bourauel

1999-01-01

301

Twisted Pair Of Insulated Wires Senses Moisture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sensitivity of electronic moisture sensor to low levels of moisture increased by new electrode configuration. Moisture-sensing circuit described in "Low-Cost Humidity Sensor" (NPO-16544). New twisted pair of wires takes place of flat-plate capacitor in circuit. Configuration allows for thermal expansion and contraction of polymer while maintaining nearly constant area of contact between polymer and wires.

Laue, Eric G.; Stephens, James B.

1989-01-01

302

Temperature Dependent Wire Delay Estimation in Floorplanning  

E-print Network

Temperature Dependent Wire Delay Estimation in Floorplanning Andreas Thor Winther, Wei Liu, Alberto, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA Abstract--Due to large variations in temperature in VLSI cir- cuits and the linear relationship between metal resistance and temperature, the delay through wires of the same length

Nannarelli, Alberto

303

Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics  

DOEpatents

A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improves the strain characteristics of the wire.

Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (E. Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

1982-01-01

304

Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics  

DOEpatents

A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improve the strain characteristics of the wire.

Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (East Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

1982-01-01

305

Vibrating Wire Loop and the Bohr Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

PASCO scientific1 has designed a vibration apparatus that includes a mechanical driver used to excite vibrations in various systems. One of these is a circular wire loop, which PASCO suggests can be used as a visual representation of the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom. In this paper we investigate the similarity between the wire loop and the Bohr atom.

Danning Bloom; Dan W. Bloom

2003-01-01

306

Microfabricated wire arrays for Z-pinch.  

SciTech Connect

Microfabrication methods have been applied to the fabrication of wire arrays suitable for use in Z. Self-curling GaAs/AlGaAs supports were fabricated as an initial route to make small wire arrays (4mm diameter). A strain relief structure that could be integrated with the wire was designed to allow displacements of the anode/cathode connections in Z. Electroplated gold wire arrays with integrated anode/cathode bus connections were found to be sufficiently robust to allow direct handling. Platinum and copper plating processes were also investigated. A process to fabricate wire arrays on any substrate with wire thickness up to 35 microns was developed. Methods to handle and mount these arrays were developed. Fabrication of wire arrays of 20mm diameter was demonstrated, and the path to 40mm array fabrication is clear. With some final investment to show array mounting into Z hardware, the entire process to produce a microfabricated wire array will have been demonstrated.

Spahn, Olga Blum; Rowen, Adam M.; Cich, Michael Joseph; Peake, Gregory Merwin; Arrington, Christian L.; Nash, Thomas J.; Klem, John Frederick; Romero, Dustin Heinz

2008-10-01

307

Strength and Fatigue Life of Wire Rope  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method is presented that predicts the fatigue life of a large diameter wire rope, from test data for small diameter rope. Dimensional analysis and the technique of interpolation and extrapolation are employed. The method is applied first to study size effects on the breaking strength of wire ropes and then to predict fatigue strength. Results are compared with experimental

Chi-Hui Chien; Raymond A. LeClair; George A. Costello

1988-01-01

308

Temperature rise in wire-drawing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of high speeds in the wire-drawing process to meet the demands for increased productivity has a great effect on the heat generated due to plastic deformation and friction between the wire and the drawing tools. Most of the mechanical energy converts to heat and results in temperature rises of the order of hundreds of degrees. This temperature rise

Aly El-Domiaty; Sadek Z. Kassab

1998-01-01

309

Lansce Wire Scanning Diagnostics Device Mechanical Design  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Operations & Technology Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory operates a linear particle accelerator which utilizes 110 wire scanning diagnostics devices to gain position and intensity information of the proton beam. In the upcoming LANSCE improvements, 51 of these wire scanners are to be replaced with a new design, up-to-date technology and off-the-shelf components. This document outlines the requirements for the mechanical design of the LANSCE wire scanner and presents the recently developed linac wire scanner prototype. Additionally, this document presents the design modifications that have been implemented into the fabrication and assembly of this first linac wire scanner prototype. Also, this document will present the design for the second, third, and fourth wire scanner prototypes being developed. Prototypes 2 and 3 belong to a different section of the particle accelerator and therefore have slightly different design specifications. Prototype 4 is a modification of a previously used wire scanner in our facility. Lastly, the paper concludes with a plan for future work on the wire scanner development.

Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batygin, Yuri K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gilpatrick, John D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maestas, Alfred J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pillai, Chandra [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raybun, Joseph L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sattler, F. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Brian G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01

310

LANSCE-R WIRE-SCANNER SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

The National Instruments cRIO platform is used for the new LANSCE-R wire-scanner systems. All wire-scanner electronics are integrated into a single BiRa BiRIO 4U cRIO chassis specifically designed for the cRIO crate and all interface electronics. The BiRIO chassis, actuator and LabVIEW VIs provide a complete wire-scanner system integrated with EPICS. The new wire-scanner chassis includes an 8-slot cRIO crate with Virtex-5 LX 110 FPGA and Power-PC real-time controller, the LANL-developed cRIO 2-axis wire-sensor analog interface module (AFE), NI9222 cRIO 4-channel 16-bit digitizer, cRIO resolver demodulator, cRIO event receiver, front-panel touch panel display, motor driver, and all necessary software, interface wiring, connectors and ancillary components. This wirescanner system provides a complete, turn-key, 2-axis wire-scanner system including 2-channel low-noise sensewire interface with variable DC wire bias and wireintegrity monitor, 16-bit signal digitizers, actuator motor drive and control, actuator position sensing, limit-switch interfaces, event receiver, LabVIEW and EPICS interface, and both remote operation and full stand-alone operation using the touch panel.

Gruchalla, Michael E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01

311

Tests Using The "Little Wire Test" Equipment  

E-print Network

;2 springs outer conductorceramic insulator chuck test wire graphite jaws cap inner conductor to pulsed power1 Tests Using The "Little Wire Test" Equipment (Apr. 4, 2013) J. R. J. Bennett1, G. Skoro1(2), P. Loveridge1, A. Ahmad2 1. Fatigue Life of Tungsten at High Temperatures and High Strain Rates. 2. Fatigue

McDonald, Kirk

312

Diamond-Coated Wire-Feeding Nozzle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hard vacuum-deposited film improves nozzle properties. Tip and bore surfaces of proposed nozzle for feeding wire for gas/tungsten arc welding coated with film of synthetic diamond. Film gives nozzle following advantages: lower friction, thermal conductivity, less wear, electrical isolation of wire from nozzle, and high resistance to corrosion.

Gilbert, Jeffrey L.

1991-01-01

313

Plastic deformation of 2D crumpled wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

When a single long piece of elastic wire is injected through channels into a confining two-dimensional cavity, a complex structure of hierarchical loops is formed. In the limit of maximum packing density, these structures are described by several scaling laws. In this paper this packing process is investigated but using plastic wires which give rise to completely irreversible structures of

M A F Gomes; V P Brito; A S O Coelho; C C Donato

2008-01-01

314

Butt welder for fine gage wire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Device welds fine gage wire 0.001-in. in diameter. It permits welding of thermocouple junctions of the same size with straight sections adjacent to the junctions. Electrode arrangement provides constant pressure on the joint during welding while fully supporting the wires to prevent buckling or movement.

Kabana, W. B.

1970-01-01

315

49 CFR 236.723 - Circuit, double wire; line.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Circuit, double wire; line. 236.723 Section...AND APPLIANCES Definitions § 236.723 Circuit, double wire; line. An electric circuit not employing a common return wire; a...

2011-10-01

316

49 CFR 236.723 - Circuit, double wire; line.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Circuit, double wire; line. 236.723 Section...AND APPLIANCES Definitions § 236.723 Circuit, double wire; line. An electric circuit not employing a common return wire; a...

2013-10-01

317

49 CFR 236.723 - Circuit, double wire; line.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Circuit, double wire; line. 236.723 Section...AND APPLIANCES Definitions § 236.723 Circuit, double wire; line. An electric circuit not employing a common return wire; a...

2010-10-01

318

49 CFR 236.723 - Circuit, double wire; line.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Circuit, double wire; line. 236.723 Section...AND APPLIANCES Definitions § 236.723 Circuit, double wire; line. An electric circuit not employing a common return wire; a...

2012-10-01

319

30 CFR 77.701-3 - Grounding wires; capacity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINES Grounding § 77.701-3 Grounding wires; capacity. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a)...

2013-07-01

320

30 CFR 77.701-3 - Grounding wires; capacity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...MINES Grounding § 77.701-3 Grounding wires; capacity. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a)...

2014-07-01

321

30 CFR 77.701-3 - Grounding wires; capacity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINES Grounding § 77.701-3 Grounding wires; capacity. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a)...

2011-07-01

322

30 CFR 77.701-3 - Grounding wires; capacity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MINES Grounding § 77.701-3 Grounding wires; capacity. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a)...

2012-07-01

323

30 CFR 77.701-3 - Grounding wires; capacity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MINES Grounding § 77.701-3 Grounding wires; capacity. Where grounding wires are used to ground metallic sheaths, armors, conduits, frames, casings, and other metallic enclosures, such grounding wires will be approved if: (a)...

2010-07-01

324

77 FR 28404 - Galvanized Steel Wire From China and Mexico  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Galvanized Steel Wire From China and Mexico Determinations On the basis of...of galvanized steel wire from China and Mexico were sold at LTFV within the...entitled Galvanized Steel Wire from China and Mexico: Investigation Nos....

2012-05-14

325

76 FR 29266 - Galvanized Steel Wire From China and Mexico  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Galvanized Steel Wire From China and Mexico Determinations On the basis of...injured by reason of imports from China and Mexico of galvanized steel wire, provided...of galvanized steel wire from China and Mexico. Accordingly, effective...

2011-05-20

326

Wiring harnesses documented by punched-card technique  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cards representing a connector are punched, sorted, and then used to printout wiring documentation for that connector. When wiring changes are made, new cards are punched and the wiring documentation is reprinted to reflect the latest configuration.

Hicks, W. W.; Kloezeman, W. G.

1970-01-01

327

Stiffness Corrections for the Vibration Frequency of a Stretched Wire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need of introducing corrections due to wire stiffness arising from end constraints and wire axis distribution curvature in the measurement of ac electrical frequency by exciting transverse standing waves in a stretched steel wire. (SL)

Hornung, H. G.; Durie, M. J.

1977-01-01

328

30 CFR 56.12053 - Circuits powered from trolley wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12053 Circuits powered from trolley wires. Ground wires for lighting circuits powered from trolley wires...

2012-07-01

329

30 CFR 56.12053 - Circuits powered from trolley wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12053 Circuits powered from trolley wires. Ground wires for lighting circuits powered from trolley wires...

2010-07-01

330

30 CFR 56.12053 - Circuits powered from trolley wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12053 Circuits powered from trolley wires. Ground wires for lighting circuits powered from trolley wires...

2011-07-01

331

21 CFR 872.4880 - Intraosseous fixation screw or wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. 872.4880 Section...4880 Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. (a) Identification. An intraosseous fixation screw or wire is a metal device intended...be inserted into fractured jaw bone segments to prevent their...

2011-04-01

332

21 CFR 872.4880 - Intraosseous fixation screw or wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. 872.4880 Section...4880 Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. (a) Identification. An intraosseous fixation screw or wire is a metal device intended...be inserted into fractured jaw bone segments to prevent their...

2013-04-01

333

21 CFR 872.4880 - Intraosseous fixation screw or wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. 872.4880 Section...4880 Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. (a) Identification. An intraosseous fixation screw or wire is a metal device intended...be inserted into fractured jaw bone segments to prevent their...

2014-04-01

334

21 CFR 872.4880 - Intraosseous fixation screw or wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. 872.4880 Section...4880 Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. (a) Identification. An intraosseous fixation screw or wire is a metal device intended...be inserted into fractured jaw bone segments to prevent their...

2010-04-01

335

21 CFR 872.4880 - Intraosseous fixation screw or wire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. 872.4880 Section...4880 Intraosseous fixation screw or wire. (a) Identification. An intraosseous fixation screw or wire is a metal device intended...be inserted into fractured jaw bone segments to prevent their...

2012-04-01

336

CUDD: CU Decision Diagram Package Release 2.2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CUDD package provides functions to manipulate Binary Decision Diagrams (BDDs) [5,3], Algebraic Decision Diagrams (ADDs) [1], and Zero suppressed Decision Diagrams (ZDDs) [12]. BDDs are used to represent switch functions

Fabio Somenzi

1998-01-01

337

Development Status of AMSC Amperium® Wire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AMSC produces Second Generation (2G) HTS wire for utility power applications as well as coil, motor and generator solutions. In this paper, various types of AMSC's Amperium® wire suitable to power cables, fault current limiters and coils are reviewed. In addition, recently developed performance-improvements in amperage, reduced ac power loss and mechanical properties are summarized. The introduction of thicker HTS layers coupled with optimized heat treatments to enhance critical current density dramatically improve both cable and coil wire current-carrying capability. A non-magnetic RABiTSTM substrate has now been developed to the point where it is compatible with the manufacturing process and capable of sustaining large critical currents. Finally, the ability of Amperium® wires to withstand cable-winding stresses, and to exhibit the high transverse c-axis strength critical to the reliability of the wire in coils, are discussed.

Fleshler, S.; DeMoranville, K.; Gannon, J., Jr.; Li, X.; Podtburg, E.; Rupich, M. W.; Sathyamurthy, S.; Thieme, C. L. H.; Tucker, D.; Whitman, L.

2014-05-01

338

Unusual Conductance in Cumulene Molecular Wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report current-voltage curves and conductance of cumulene molecular wire suspended between Au(111) surfaces via thiolate bonds with full self-consistent ab initio calculation under external bias. The conductance of cumulene wires shows oscillatory behavior depending on the number of carbon atoms. Among all conjugated oligomers, we find that odd-number cumulene wires yield the highest conductance and present ballistic-like transport behavior. The reason has been traced to two factors: high density of state at the Fermi level, and the alignment of molecular orbital closed to Fermi level. Since the conductance depends weakly on applied bias, and the current voltage characteristic is linear under bias region -0.9 to 0.9 V, odd-number cumulene wire is a possible candidate as a near- perfect, ballistic one-dimensional molecular wire.

Prasongkit, Jariyanee; Grigoriev, Anton; Wendin, Göran; Ahuja, Rajeev

2009-03-01

339

Wire-free fixation of jaw fractures.  

PubMed

Stainless steel wire is often used in the management of jaw fractures to provide intraoperative or postoperative intermaxillary fixation (IMF). Wiring of the jaws is time-consuming, a second procedure is needed to remove it, and needlestick injuries occur during placement. We report on 151 consecutive patients who had wire-free fixation of jaw fractures, and outline the value of a system of plastic anchorage points applied to individual teeth in both jaws that allows for wire-free IMF when they are linked by elastics (Rapid IMF, Synthes, PA, USA). A total of 150 successive patients had wire-free fixation of 146 mandibular and 5 maxillary fractures. Ninety-eight were hand-held in occlusion, and 52 were treated using Rapid IMF. There were few complications. PMID:19608310

Cousin, G C S

2009-10-01

340

Wire and Cable Cold Bending Test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the factors in assessing the applicability of wire or cable on the lunar surface is its flexibility under extreme cold conditions. Existing wire specifications did not address their mechanical behavior under cold, cryogenic temperature conditions. Therefore tests were performed to provide this information. To assess this characteristic 35 different insulated wire and cable pieces were cold soaked in liquid nitrogen. The segments were then subjected to bending and the force was recorded. Any failure of the insulation or jacketing was also documented for each sample tested. The bending force tests were performed at room temperature to provide a comparison to the change in force needed to bend the samples due to the low temperature conditions. The results from the bending tests were plotted and showed how various types of insulated wire and cable responded to bending under cold conditions. These results were then used to estimate the torque needed to unroll the wire under these low temperature conditions.

Colozza, Anthony

2010-01-01

341

Wiring Damage Analyses for STS OV-103  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study investigated the Shuttle Program s belief that Space Transportation System (STS) wiring damage occurrences are random, that is, a constant occurrence rate. Using Problem Reporting and Corrective Action (PRACA)-derived data for STS Space Shuttle OV-103, wiring damage was observed to increase over the vehicle s life. Causal factors could include wiring physical deterioration, maintenance and inspection induced damage, and inspection process changes resulting in more damage events being reported. Induced damage effects cannot be resolved with existent data. Growth analysis (using Crow-AMSAA, or CA) resolved maintenance/inspection effects (e.g., heightened awareness) on all wire damages and indicated an overall increase since Challenger Return-to-Flight (RTF). An increasing failure or occurrence rate per flight cycle was seen for each wire damage mode; these (individual) rates were not affected by inspection process effects, within statistical error.

Thomas, Walter, III

2006-01-01

342

Intrathoracic migration of a Kirschner wire  

PubMed Central

Kirschner (K) wires can easily migrate, resulting in serious complications. We report a 49-year-old woman who had a rare and late complication related to the migration of K wire. It had been used for left hip replacement 8 years ago. The patient admitted to our hospital with breathing-dependent chest pain and increasing dyspnea for ?2 h. Chest X-ray and chest computed tomographic scans revealed the presence of a metallic image of ?5–6 cm in the right hemithorax. There was a large hemothorax but no pneumothorax. A right thoracotomy was performed and the wire was removed without complications. Surprisingly, no injury was noted to any intervening abdominal structure intra-operatively. Patients, who are treated with K wire, should be informed of the risk of wire migration and should undergo regular postoperative follow-ups including radiography. PMID:24876333

Özarslan, Fatma; Ar?kan, Osman; Acat, Murat; Ar?kan, Müge; Temel, Volkan

2014-01-01

343

Single wire drift chamber design  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the design and prototype tests of single wire drift chambers to be used in Fermilab test beam lines. The goal is to build simple, reliable detectors which require a minimum of electronics. Spatial resolution should match the 300 ..mu..m rms resolution of the 1 mm proportional chambers that they will replace. The detectors will be used in beams with particle rates up to 20 KHz. Single track efficiency should be at least 99%. The first application will be in the MT beamline, which has been designed for calibration of CDF detectors. A set of four x-y modules will be used to track and measure the momentum of beam particles.

Krider, J.

1987-03-30

344

Influence of insulation coating on thermal conductivity measurement by transient hot-wire method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The transient hot-wire method is widely used to determine the thermal conductivity of various media. It has been improved through the addition of an insulation coating to the wire. However, this coating could affect the accuracy of the thermal conductivity measurement. The temperature rise for the insulation-coated wire was calculated as a function of time by a Laplace transformation along with the expansion method outlined by Carslaw and Jaeger [Conduction of Heat in Solids (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1959)]. The results of numerical simulations and experimental tests show that, for most engineering applications, the relative measurement errors of the thermal conductivity caused by the insulation coating are very small if the slopes of the temperature rise-logarithmic time diagrams are calculated for large time values. No correction to the insulation coating is necessary even for the conditions that the insulation coating thickness is comparable to the wire radius, and that the thermal conductivity of the insulation coating is lower than that of the measured medium.

Yu, Wenhua; Choi, Stephen U.-S.

2006-07-01

345

Provision of IR-UWB wireless and baseband wired services over a WDM-PON.  

PubMed

A simple scheme to simultaneously generate an on-off keying or bi-phase modulation (BPM) impulse radio ultra wideband (IR-UWB) signal and a baseband wired signal in the optical domain using a dual-drive modulator is proposed and demonstrated. Although the two signals have spectral overlap in the optical spectrum, they are located at different frequency bands when converted to electrical signals at a photodetector (PD), which can be well separated by an electrical filter. An experiment is carried out. Eye diagrams, electrical spectra and BER measurements show that the co-channel interference between the UWB and the wired signals is small for a single-channel 36-km fiber link to provide 1.25-Gb/s UWB wireless and 1.25-Gb/s baseband wired services. The inter-channel interference is also small and negligible when the link is operated together with two other 1.25 Gb/s baseband wired links, which demonstrates that a conventional WDM-PON can be upgraded to provide additional UWB services without affecting the existing services by modifying the modulators in the center office and inserting UWB antennas in the optical network units. PMID:22274021

Pan, Shilong; Yao, Jianping

2011-12-12

346

An Improved Mnemonic Diagram for Thermodynamic Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers pressure, volume, entropy, temperature, Helmholtz free energy, Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and internal energy. Suggests the mnemonic diagram is for use with simple systems that are defined as macroscopically homogeneous, isotropic, uncharged, and chemically inert. (MVL)

Rodriguez, Joaquin; Brainard, Alan J.

1989-01-01

347

Sloan Digital Sky Survey - Hubble Diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, containing information from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, provides projects and activities for advanced astronomy students. In this particular one, the user retraces Edwin Hubble's steps to discover that the Universe is expanding, by making a Hubble Diagram.

2010-01-07

348

A Smart Thermal Block Diagram Tool  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The presentation describes a Smart Thermal Block Diagram Tool. It is used by JPL's Team X in studying missions during the Pre-Phase A. It helps generate cost and mass estimates using proprietary data bases.

Tsuyuki, Glenn; Miyake, Robert; Dodge, Kyle

2008-01-01

349

The Art of Free-Body Diagrams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the difficulty of drawing free-body diagrams which only show forces exerted on a body from its neighbors. Presents three ways a body may be modeled: a particle, rigid extended, and nonrigid extended. (MKR)

Puri, Avinash

1996-01-01

350

Pharmaceutical salt formation guided by phase diagrams.  

E-print Network

??Salt formation is frequently employed to improve the solubility and bioavailability of pharmaceutical compounds. Solid-Liquid-Equilibrium (SLE) phase diagram that serves as the foundation for designing… (more)

Lam, Ka Wing

2009-01-01

351

Voronoi diagram generation on the ellipsoidal earth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Voronoi diagram on the earth surface is a powerful tool to study spatial proximity at continental or global scale. However, its computation remains challenging because geospatial features have complex shapes. This paper presents a raster-based algorithm to generate Voronoi diagrams on earth's surface. The algorithm approximates the exact point-to-point geographical distances using the cell-to-cell geographical distances calculated by a geographical distance transform. The result is a distance image on which Voronoi diagram is delineated. Compared to existing methods, the proposed algorithm calculates geographical distances based on an earth ellipsoid and allows Voronoi generators to take complex shapes. Most importantly, its approximation error is bounded thus enabling users to control the accuracy of the Voronoi diagram through grid resolution.

Hu, Hai; Liu, XiaoHang; Hu, Peng

2014-12-01

352

Architecture flow diagrams under teamwork reg sign  

SciTech Connect

The Teamwork CASE tool allows Data Flow Diagrams (DFDs) to be maintained for structured analysis. Fermilab has extended teamwork under UNIX{trademark} to permit Hatley and Pirbhai Architecture Flow Diagrams (AFDs) to be associated with DFDs and subsequently maintained. This extension, called TWKAFD, allows a user to open an AFD, graphically edit it, and replace it into a TWKAFD maintained library. Other aspects of Hatley and Pirbhai's methodology are supported. This paper presents a quick tutorial on Architecture Diagrams. It then describes the user's view of TWKAFD, the experience incorporating it into teamwork, and the successes with using the Architecture Diagram methodology along with the shortcomings of using the teamwork/TWKAFD tool. 8 refs.

Nicinski, T.

1992-02-01

353

75 FR 60480 - In the Matter of Certain Bulk Welding Wire Containers and Components Thereof and Welding Wire...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...337-TA-686] In the Matter of Certain Bulk Welding Wire Containers and Components Thereof and Welding Wire; Notice of Commission Determination...States after importation of certain bulk welding wire containers, components thereof,...

2010-09-30

354

Algebraic decision diagrams and their applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present theory and experiments on the AlgebraicDecision Diagrams (ADD's). These diagrams extend BDD'sby allowing values from an arbitrary finite domain to be associatedwith the terminal nodes. We present a treatment foundedin boolean algebras and discuss algorithms and results in applicationslike matrix multiplication and shortest path algorithms.Furthermore, we outline possible applications of ADD's to logicsynthesis, formal verification,

R. Iris Bahar; Erica A. Frohm; Charles M. Gaona; Gary D. Hachtel; Enrico Macii; Abelardo Pardo; Fabio Somenzi

1993-01-01

355

Implications of Cladistics: Understanding Branching Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site explains how a cladogram is formed and its implications. The cladogram is compared to a family tree, however unlike family trees, ancestors in cladistics ideally give rise to only two descendent species. Also unlike family trees, new species form from splitting of old species. Three possible diagrams showing the relationship between humans, gorillas, baboons, and chimpanzees are demonstrated. The author explains why one diagram is favored and also explains the meaning of nodes and clades.

356

Elementary diagrams in nuclear and neutron matter  

SciTech Connect

Variational calculations of nuclear and neutron matter are currently performed using a diagrammatic cluster expansion with the aid of nonlinear integral equations for evaluating expectation values. These are the Fermi hypernetted chain (FHNC) and single-operator chain (SOC) equations, which are a way of doing partial diagram summations to infinite order. A more complete summation can be made by adding elementary diagrams to the procedure. The simplest elementary diagrams appear at the four-body cluster level; there is one such E{sub 4} diagram in Bose systems, but 35 diagrams in Fermi systems, which gives a level of approximation called FHNC/4. We developed a novel technique for evaluating these diagrams, by computing and storing 6 three-point functions, S{sub xyz}(r{sub 12}, r{sub 13}, r{sub 23}), where xyz (= ccd, cce, ddd, dde, dee, or eee) denotes the exchange character at the vertices 1, 2, and 3. All 35 Fermi E{sub 4} diagrams can be constructed from these 6 functions and other two-point functions that are already calculated. The elementary diagrams are known to be important in some systems like liquid {sup 3}He. We expect them to be small in nuclear matter at normal density, but they might become significant at higher densities appropriate for neutron star calculations. This year we programmed the FHNC/4 contributions to the energy and tested them in a number of simple model cases, including liquid {sup 3}He and Bethe`s homework problem. We get reasonable, but not exact agreement with earlier published work. In nuclear and neutron matter with the Argonne v{sub 14} interaction these contributions are indeed small corrections at normal density and grow to only 5-10 MeV/nucleon at 5 times normal density.

Wiringa, R.B.

1995-08-01

357

Fluctuations and the QCD phase diagram  

SciTech Connect

In this contribution the role of quantum fluctuations for the QCD phase diagram is discussed. This concerns in particular the importance of the matter back-reaction to the gluonic sector. The impact of these fluctuations on the location of the confinement/deconfinement and the chiral transition lines as well as their interrelation are investigated. Consequences of our findings for the size of a possible quarkyonic phase and location of a critical endpoint in the phase diagram are drawn.

Schaefer, B.-J., E-mail: bernd-jochen.schaefer@uni-graz.at [Karl-Franzens-Universitaet, Institut fuer Physik (Austria)

2012-06-15

358

The plutonium-oxygen phase diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification of products formed by the reaction of plutonium metal with liquid water at 23°C indicates that the plutonium-oxygen phase diagram is similar to the cerium-oxygen and praseodymium-oxygen diagrams. Quantitative measurements of Hâ formation and analytical data suggest that a sequence of hydrolysis reactions produces oxide hydrides of trivalent plutonium, PuâOâ, mixed-valent oxides and PuOâ. The intermediate oxides are the

Haschke

1990-01-01

359

Steps toward a radio HR diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the possibility of establishing a set of observational parameters for radio galaxies which could be used to study radio source evolution in the same way that the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram is used to understand stellar evolution. As a first step towards a radio H-R diagram, we show that the FRI\\/II break is a function of both radio and optical

Frazer Owen

360

In Situ Electrochemical Deposition of Microscopic Wires  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method of fabrication of wires having micron and submicron dimensions is built around electrochemical deposition of the wires in their final positions between electrodes in integrated circuits or other devices in which the wires are to be used. Heretofore, nanowires have been fabricated by a variety of techniques characterized by low degrees of controllability and low throughput rates, and it has been necessary to align and electrically connect the wires in their final positions by use of sophisticated equipment in expensive and tedious post-growth assembly processes. The present method is more economical, offers higher yields, enables control of wire widths, and eliminates the need for post-growth assembly. The wires fabricated by this method could be used as simple electrical conductors or as transducers in sensors. Depending upon electrodeposition conditions and the compositions of the electroplating solutions in specific applications, the wires could be made of metals, alloys, metal oxides, semiconductors, or electrically conductive polymers. In this method, one uses fabrication processes that are standard in the semiconductor industry. These include cleaning, dry etching, low-pressure chemical vapor deposition, lithography, dielectric deposition, electron-beam lithography, and metallization processes as well as the electrochemical deposition process used to form the wires. In a typical case of fabrication of a circuit that includes electrodes between which microscopic wires are to be formed on a silicon substrate, the fabrication processes follow a standard sequence until just before the fabrication of the microscopic wires. Then, by use of a thermal SiO-deposition technique, the electrodes and the substrate surface areas in the gaps between them are covered with SiO. Next, the SiO is electron-beam patterned, then reactive-ion etched to form channels having specified widths (typically about 1 m or less) that define the widths of the wires to be formed. Drops of an electroplating solution are placed on the substrate in the regions containing the channels thus formed, then the wires are electrodeposited from the solution onto the exposed portions of the electrodes and into the channels. The electrodeposition is a room-temperature, atmospheric-pressure process. The figure shows an example of palladium wires that were electrodeposited into 1-mm-wide channels between gold electrodes.

Yun, Minhee; Myung, Nosang; Vasquez, Richard

2005-01-01

361

Magnetic field-assisted synthesis of wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures: Electrochemical and photocatalytic studies  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Schematic illustration for the magnetic field-assisted growth of wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructure. Display Omitted Highlights: ? Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanowires are prepared by magnetic field hydrothermal reduction and annealing. ? These Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanowires possess enhanced capacitance. ? The Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanowires have a good photocatalytic activity for methyl orange. -- Abstract: Wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures were prepared by the combination of magnetic field-assisted hydrothermal reduction of cobalt ions and the subsequent ambient annealing at 500 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the structure and morphological evolution of the products. The results show that the wire-like nanostructures possess diameters about 250 nm and lengths over 10 ?m. The possible formation mechanism of the wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures is also proposed based on the SEM results. Galvanostatic methods were used to characterize the electrochemical properties. The measurements indicate that the wire-like Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanostructures show larger discharge and charge capacities than that of spherical Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles prepared in the absence of magnetic field. In addition, the photocatalytic activity of the products was investigated by measuring the photodegradation of methyl orange solution under ultraviolet radiation, which shows that both the wire-like and spherical products have a good photocatalytic activity.

Zhao, Xiubin; Pang, Zhanwen [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China)] [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China); Wu, Mingzai, E-mail: mingzaiwu@gmail.com [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China) [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China); Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, Anhui (China); Liu, Xiansong; Zhang, Hui; Ma, Yongqing; Sun, Zhaoqi [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China)] [Anhui Key Laboratory of Information Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039 (China); Zhang, Lide [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, Anhui (China)] [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, Anhui (China); Chen, Xiaoshuang [The Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083 (China)] [The Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083 (China)

2013-01-15

362

LANSCE wire scanning diagnostics device mechanical design  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) is one of the major experimental science facilities at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The core of LANSCE's work lies in the operation of a powerful linear accelerator, which accelerates protons up to 84% the speed oflight. These protons are used for a variety of purposes, including materials testing, weapons research and isotopes production. To assist in guiding the proton beam, a series of over one hundred wire scanners are used to measure the beam profile at various locations along the half-mile length of the particle accelerator. A wire scanner is an electro-mechanical device that moves a set of wires through a particle beam and measures the secondary emissions from the resulting beam-wire interaction to obtain beam intensity information. When supplemented with data from a position sensor, this information is used to determine the cross-sectional profile of the beam. This measurement allows beam operators to adjust parameters such as acceleration, beam steering, and focus to ensure that the beam reaches its destination as effectively as possible. Some of the current wire scanners are nearly forty years old and are becoming obsolete. The problem with current wire scanners comes in the difficulty of maintenance and reliability. The designs of these wire scanners vary making it difficult to keep spare parts that would work on all designs. Also many of the components are custom built or out-dated technology and are no longer in production.

Rodriguez Esparza, Sergio [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01

363

Excitation Spectra of 1D Quantum Wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this talk two different aspects of the excitation spectra of one dimensional (1D) semiconductor quantum wires will be discussed: (1) The nature of collective electronic excitations in 1D quantum wires; and (2) the band gap renormalization and excitonic effects in 1D quantum wires. In the first part, extensive theoretical results using the Bethe ansatz technique, the Lanczos' method, and the diagrammatic many-body theory will be presented for the spectral weight and the mode dispersion of the low-lying elementary electronic excitation spectra in 1D quantum wires with comparison to Raman Scattering experiments in GaAs quantum wires. Based on our detailed analytical and numerical results we conclude that the experimental observations are consistent with the existence of the collective charge density excitation mode, the collective spin density excitation mode, and a (low spectral weight) finite wave vector electron-hole single particle excitation mode (which arises from the finite curvature of the electron energy dispersion in the system). There is no evidence for a singlet spin density excitation mode in our calculations. In the second part, numerical solutions of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for interband excitonic transitions in 1D quantum wires will be presented. An approximate cancellation between self-energy and vertex correction effects is obtained in our calculations, providing an explaination for the experimental observation of an unshifted excitonic peak in highly excited 1D quantum wire lasers.

Wang, Daw-Wei

1998-03-01

364

Behavior of large diameter wire ropes  

SciTech Connect

The paper reviews the recent theoretical work of the present authors as regards the prediction of the 2 {times} 2 stiffness matrix describing axial/torsional coupling of large diameter wire ropes. The theoretical analysis is based on results from a previously reported orthotropic sheet model which enables one to obtain estimates of the coefficients in the 2 {times} 2 stiffness matrix describing the axial/torsional coupling of the constituent spiral strands. The proposed model can (unlike previously available theories for wire ropes) cater for the presence of interwire friction and the various wire rope stiffness coefficients corresponding to both no-slip and full-slip regimes can be calculated. The no-slip regime corresponds to cases when an axially preloaded wire rope experiences cyclic variations of external load which are small enough not to induce initiation of gross interwire slippage within the constituent spiral strands. For sufficiently large values of range/mean axial load ratios, on the other hand, gross interwire slippage takes place and the effects of interwire friction on wire rope stiffness coefficients will be negligibly small compared with the effects due to the force changes in the wires themselves. Theoretical models have been developed for two types of wire ropes, i.e., those with an independent wire rope core (IWRC) or the types with a fiber core: the salient features for both approaches are reviewed with an emphasis on the characteristics of various wire rope constructions. In addition, experimental results from other sources are found to provide encouraging support for the theoretical predictions in a number of areas.

Raoof, M. [Loughborough Univ. of Technology (United Kingdom); Kraincanic, I. [South Bank Univ., London (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31

365

In-Situ Wire Damage Detection System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An In-Situ Wire Damage Detection System (ISWDDS) has been developed that is capable of detecting damage to a wire insulation, or a wire conductor, or to both. The system will allow for realtime, continuous monitoring of wiring health/integrity and reduce the number of false negatives and false positives while being smaller, lighter in weight, and more robust than current systems. The technology allows for improved safety and significant reduction in maintenance hours for aircraft, space vehicles, satellites, and other critical high-performance wiring systems for industries such as energy production and mining. The integrated ISWDDS is comprised of two main components: (1) a wire with an innermost core conductor, an inner insulation film, a conductive layer or inherently conductive polymer (ICP) covering the inner insulation film, an outermost insulation jacket; and (2) smart connectors and electronics capable of producing and detecting electronic signals, and a central processing unit (CPU) for data collection and analysis. The wire is constructed by applying the inner insulation films to the conductor, followed by the outer insulation jacket. The conductive layer or ICP is on the outer surface of the inner insulation film. One or more wires are connected to the CPU using the smart connectors, and up to 64 wires can be monitored in real-time. The ISWDDS uses time domain reflectometry for damage detection. A fast-risetime pulse is injected into either the core conductor or conductive layer and referenced against the other conductor, producing transmission line behavior. If either conductor is damaged, then the signal is reflected. By knowing the speed of propagation of the pulse, and the time it takes to reflect, one can calculate the distance to and location of the damage.

Williams, Martha; Roberson, Luke; Tate, Lanetra; Smith, Trent; Gibson, Tracy; Medelius, Pedro; Jolley, Scott

2012-01-01

366

Copper Wire Bonding Concerns and Best Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Copper wire bonding of microelectronic parts has developed as a means to cut the costs of using the more mature technology of gold wire bonding. However, with this new technology, changes in the bonding processes as well as bonding metallurgy can affect product reliability. This paper discusses the challenges associated with copper wire bonding and the solutions that the industry has been implementing. The paper also provides information to enable customers to conduct qualification and reliability tests on microelectronic packages to facilitate adoption in their target applications.

Chauhan, Preeti; Zhong, Z. W.; Pecht, Michael

2013-08-01

367

Electron heating effects in diffusive metal wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have investigated the electron heating in metallic diffusive wires of varying length at liquid-helium temperature by measuring the electric noise. The local increase of the electron temperature can be essential already for small currents and is well described by a heat-diffusion equation for the electrons. Depending on the electron thermal conductance and the electron-phonon coupling in the wire, different length regimes are identified. The quantitative knowledge of the electron temperature is important for analysis of nonequilibrium effects involving current heating in mesoscopic wires.

Henny, M.; Birk, H.; Huber, R.; Strunk, C.; Bachtold, A.; Krüger, M.; Schönenberger, C.

1997-08-01

368

Wire-rope emplacement of diagnostics systems  

SciTech Connect

The study reported here was initiated to determine if, with the Cable Downhole System (CDS) currently under development, there is an advantage to using continuous wire rope to lower the emplacement package to the bottom of the hole. A baseline design using two wire ropes as well as several alternatives are discussed in this report. It was concluded that the advantages of the wire-rope emplacement system do not justify the cost of converting to such a system, especially for LLNL's maximum emplacement package weights.

Burden, W.L.

1982-05-07

369

Detectors Ensure Function, Safety of Aircraft Wiring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Pedro Medelius waited patiently in his lab at Kennedy Space Center. He had just received word that a colleague was bringing over a cable from a Space Shuttle solid rocket booster to test Medelius new invention. Medelius was calm until his colleague arrived, with about 30 other people. "Talk about testing under pressure," says Medelius. "There were people there from the Navy, the Air Force, and the Federal Aviation Administration." After the group s arrival, Medelius took a deep breath and connected his Standing Wave Reflectometer (SWR) to the cable. He wiggled the cable around, and the display showed a fault (a short or open circuit in wire) about an inch and a half inside the connector on the cable. His colleague questioned the results, because he had already checked that area on the cable. Medelius used the SWR to check again but got the same result. "That is when we took the cable apart and looked inside," Medelius says. "Lo and behold, that was exactly where the fault was." The impetus for Medelius new wire inspection technology came about in 1999 when one of the space shuttles lost power due to a fault somewhere in its more than 200 miles of electrical wiring. "The backup circuit was activated and prevented a major dysfunction, but nevertheless, there was a problem with the wiring," Medelius describes. Even though technicians used a device called a multimeter to measure the electrical current to find which wire had a fault, it could not pinpoint exactly where on the wire the fault was located. For that, technicians had to visually inspect the wire. "Sometimes they would have to remove the whole wire assembly and visually inspect every single wire. It was a very tedious operation because the wires are behind cabinets. They go all over the place in the shuttle," says Medelius. "NASA needed an instrument capable of telling them exactly where the faults were occurring." To meet NASA s needs for a highly precise device to inspect electrical power bundles, wires, and connectors, Medelius devised the SWR. "It came down to what was affected when a wire is short circuited or opened," he says. "We worked out a few equations based on physical principles." The SWR proved very sensitive, and the technology was patented.

2013-01-01

370

Human life support during interplanetary travel and domicile. VI - Generic modular flow schematic for hybrid physical/chemical-biological life support systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An extension is proposed for the NASA Space Exploration Initiative's Generic Modular Flow Schematics for physical/chemical life support systems which involves the addition of biological processes. The new system architecture includes plant, microbial, and animal habitat, as well as the human habitat subsystem. Major Feedstock Production and Food Preparation and Packaging components have also been incorporated. Inedible plant, aquaculture, microbial, and animal solids are processed for recycling.

Ganapathi, Gani B.; Seshan, P. K.; Ferrall, Joseph; Rohatgi, Naresh

1992-01-01

371

One century of Kirschner wires and Kirschner wire insertion techniques: a historical review.  

PubMed

A century ago, in 1909, Martin Kirschner (1879-1942) introduced a smooth pin, presently known as the Kirschner wire (K-wire). The K-wire was initially used for skeletal traction and is now currently used for many different goals. The development of the K-wire and its insertion devices were mainly influenced by the change in operative goals and by the introduction of antibiotics. The first versions of the Kirschner wire were hammered through a predrilled hole into the bone, but later on drilling became the standard technique of insertion. Drilling is considered a simple way of implanting, with many advantages, such as percutaneous and atraumatic insertion. However, this technique also has its disadvantages like temperature elevation, resulting in osteonecrosis and heat-related complications. Despite these complications the K-wire is now standard for the treatment of hand fractures, worldwide. PMID:20306956

Franssen, Bas B G M; Schuurman, Arnold H; Van der Molen, Aebele Mink; Kon, Moshe

2010-02-01

372

Wire rope research: Analysis of bending fatigue in a 2-inch IWRC wire rope  

SciTech Connect

A unique machine for inducing bending fatigue in wire ropes was built at the US Bureau of Mines' Pittsburgh Research Center. This machine can produce nine levels of degradation through repetitive cycling of long samples of wire ropes of the types used in the mining industry. This report provides an analysis of the results of the first wire rope to be fatigued on this machine. These results have indicated that as a wire rope accumulates bending cycles, its strength first decreases because of wear and then increases due to cold working of the wires. As the amount of cold working increases, more and more of the embrittled wires break and the strength of the rope decreases rapidly. In this test, application of several of the regulatory retirement criteria to various sections of the rope suggests that there may be some inconsistency among them.

Miscoe, A.J.; McKewan, W.M.

1993-01-01

373

Chemically etched modulation in wire radius for wire array Z-pinch perturbation studies  

SciTech Connect

A technique for manufacturing wires with imposed modulation in radius with axial wavelengths as short as 1 mm is presented. Extruded aluminum 5056 with 15 {mu}m diameter was masked and chemically etched to reduce the radius by {approx}20% in selected regions. Characterized by scanning electron microscopy, the modulation in radius is a step function with a {approx}10 {mu}m wide conical transition between thick and thin segments, with some pitting in etched regions. Techniques for mounting and aligning these wires in arrays for fast z-pinch experiments will be discussed. Axially mass-modulated wire arrays of this type will allow the study of seeded Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in z pinches, corona formation, wire initiation with varying current density in the wire core, and correlation of perturbations between adjacent wires. This tool will support magnetohydrodynamics code validation in complex three-dimensional geometries, and perhaps x-ray pulse shaping.

Jones, B.; Deeney, C.; McKenney, J.L.; Garrity, J.E.; Lobley, D.K.; Martin, K.L.; Griego, A.E.; Ramacciotti, J.P.; Bland, S.N.; Lebedev, S.V.; Bott, S.C.; Ampleford, D.J.; Palmer, J.B.A.; Rapley, J.; Hall, G. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)

2004-11-01

374

Chemically etched modulation in wire radius for wire array Z-pinch perturbation studies.  

SciTech Connect

A technique for manufacturing wires with imposed modulation in radius with axial wavelengths as short as 1 mm is presented. Extruded aluminum 5056 with 15 {micro}m diameter was masked and chemically etched to reduce the radius by {approx}20% in selected regions. Characterized by scanning electron microscopy, the modulation in radius is a step function with a {approx}10 {micro}m wide conical transition between thick and thin segments, with some pitting in etched regions. Techniques for mounting and aligning these wires in arrays for fast z-pinch experiments will be discussed. Axially mass-modulated wire arrays of this type will allow the study of seeded Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in z pinches, corona formation, wire initiation with varying current density in the wire core, and correlation of perturbations between adjacent wires. This tool will support magnetohydrodynamics code validation in complex three-dimensional geometries, and perhaps x-ray pulse shaping.

Bland, Simon Nicholas (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Lebedev, S. V. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Hall, G. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Ramacciotti, J. P. (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Griego, A. E. (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Lobley, Dennis Keith (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Martin, K. L. (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Ampleford, David J. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); McKenney, John Lee; Bott, S. C. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Garrity, James Emmett (MPCL/Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, New Mexico); Jones, B.; Rapley, J. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK); Deeney, Christopher; Palmer, J. B. A. (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK)

2004-06-01

375

Wiring test program insulation material related properties  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation provides an overview of activities at DASA-RI concerning the testing of wires for manned spacecraft, including test facilities, arc-tracking tests, flammability tests, microgravity tests, and standardization, and outlines future activities.

Reher, Heinz-Josef

1995-01-01

376

Printed wiring board system programmer's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The printed wiring board system provides automated techniques for the design of printed circuit boards and hybrid circuit boards. The system consists of four programs: (1) the preprocessor program combines user supplied data and pre-defined library data to produce the detailed circuit description data; (2) the placement program assigns circuit components to specific areas of the board in a manner that optimizes the total interconnection length of the circuit; (3) the organizer program assigns pin interconnections to specific board levels and determines the optimal order in which the router program should attempt to layout the paths connecting the pins; and (4) the router program determines the wire paths which are to be used to connect each input pin pair on the circuit board. This document is intended to serve as a programmer's reference manual for the printed wiring board system. A detailed description of the internal logic and flow of the printed wiring board programs is included.

Brinkerhoff, C. D.

1973-01-01

377

Improvements to Existing Jefferson Lab Wire Scanners  

SciTech Connect

This poster will detail the augmentation of selected existing CEBAF wire scanners with commercially available hardware, PMTs, and self created software in order to improve the scanners both in function and utility.

McCaughan, Michael D. [JLAB; Tiefenback, Michael G. [JLAB; Turner, Dennis L. [JLAB

2013-06-01

378

Force-controlled lifting of molecular wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lifting a single molecular wire off the surface with a combined frequency-modulated atomic force and tunneling microscope it is possible to monitor the evolution of both the wire configuration and the contacts simultaneously with the transport conductance experiment. In particular, critical points where individual bonds to the surface are broken and instabilities where the wire is prone to change its contact configuration can be identified in the force gradient and dissipation responses of the junction. This additional mechanical information can be used to unambiguously determine the conductance of a true molecular wire, that is, of a molecule that is contacted via a pointlike “crocodile clip” to each of the electrodes but is otherwise free.

Fournier, N.; Wagner, C.; Weiss, C.; Temirov, R.; Tautz, F. S.

2011-07-01

379

Cumulene molecular wire conductance from first principles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present first principles calculations of current-voltage characteristics (IVC) and conductance of Au(111):S2 -cumulene- S2:Au(111) molecular wire junctions with realistic contacts. The transport properties are calculated using full self-consistent ab initio nonequilibrium Green’s function density-functional theory methods under external bias. The conductance of the cumulene wires shows oscillatory behavior depending on the number of carbon atoms (double bonds). Among all conjugated oligomers, we find that cumulene wires with odd number of carbon atoms yield the highest conductance with metalliclike ballistic transport behavior. The reason is the high density of states in broad lowest unoccupied molecular orbital levels spanning the Fermi level of the electrodes. The transmission spectrum and the conductance depend only weakly on applied bias, and the IVC is nearly linear over a bias region of ±1V . Cumulene wires are therefore potential candidates for metallic connections in nanoelectronic applications.

Prasongkit, J.; Grigoriev, A.; Wendin, G.; Ahuja, Rajeev

2010-03-01

380

t matrix of metallic wire structures  

SciTech Connect

To study the electromagnetic resonance and scattering properties of complex structures of which metallic wire structures are constituents within multiple scattering theory, the t matrix of individual structures is needed. We have recently developed a rigorous and numerically efficient equivalent circuit theory in which retardation effects are taken into account for metallic wire structures. Here, we show how the t matrix can be calculated analytically within this theory. We illustrate our method with the example of split ring resonators. The density of states and cross sections for scattering and absorption are calculated, which are shown to be remarkably enhanced at resonant frequencies. The t matrix serves as the basic building block to evaluate the interaction of wire structures within the framework of multiple scattering theory. This will open the door to efficient design and optimization of assembly of wire structures.

Zhan, T. R., E-mail: phystrzhan@gmail.com; Chui, S. T., E-mail: chui@bartol.udel.edu [Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

2014-04-14

381

Evaluation of Wiring Constructions for Space Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A NASA Office of Safety and Mission Assurance (OS&MA) program to develop lightweight, reliable, and safe wiring insulations for aerospace applications is being performed by the NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC). As part of this effort, a new wiring construction utilizing high strength PTFE (poly tetrafluoroethylene) as the insulation has been tested and compared with the existing military standard polyimide-based MIL-W-81381 wire construction. Electrical properties which were investigated included ac corona inception and extinction voltages (sea level and 60,000 feet), time/current to smoke, and wire fusing time. The two constructions were also characterized in terms of their mechanical properties of flexural strength, abrasion resistance (23 C and 150 C), and dynamic cut-through (23 C and 200 C). The results obtained in this testing effort are presented and discussed in this paper.

Hammoud, Ahmad N.; Stavnes, Mark W.; Dickman, John E.; Burkhardt, Linda A.; Woodford, Lynn M.; Ide, James R.; Muegge, ED

1994-01-01

382

On phase diagrams of magnetic reconnection  

SciTech Connect

Recently, “phase diagrams” of magnetic reconnection were developed to graphically organize the present knowledge of what type, or phase, of reconnection is dominant in systems with given characteristic plasma parameters. Here, a number of considerations that require caution in using the diagrams are pointed out. First, two known properties of reconnection are omitted from the diagrams: the history dependence of reconnection and the absence of reconnection for small Lundquist number. Second, the phase diagrams mask a number of features. For one, the predicted transition to Hall reconnection should be thought of as an upper bound on the Lundquist number, and it may happen for considerably smaller values. Second, reconnection is never “slow,” it is always “fast” in the sense that the normalized reconnection rate is always at least 0.01. This has important implications for reconnection onset models. Finally, the definition of the relevant Lundquist number is nuanced and may differ greatly from the value based on characteristic scales. These considerations are important for applications of the phase diagrams. This is demonstrated by example for solar flares, where it is argued that it is unlikely that collisional reconnection can occur in the corona.

Cassak, P. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Drake, J. F. [IREAP, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)] [IREAP, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)

2013-06-15

383

Science Visual Literacy: Learners' Perceptions and Knowledge of Diagrams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Constructing meaning from science texts relies not only on comprehending the words but also the diagrams and other graphics. The goal of this study was to explore elementary students' perceptions of science diagrams and their skills related to diagram interpretation. 30 students, ranging from second grade through middle school, completed a diagram

McTigue, Erin M.; Flowers, Amanda C.

2011-01-01

384

Evolution of HR Diagrams So as a cluster ages, the  

E-print Network

Evolution of HR Diagrams So as a cluster ages, the main sequence `burns down' in order. lifetime Diagram to Determine the Age of a Star Cluster #12;Evolution of HR Diagrams So as a cluster ages, the main of plotting stars, we represent them with a line of constant age. Using the H-R Diagram to Determine the Age

Barnes, Joshua Edward

385

Extraction, layout analysis and classification of diagrams in PDF documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diagrams are a critical part of virtually all scientific and technical documents. Analyzing diagrams will be important for building comprehensive document retrieval systems. This paper focuses on the extraction and classification of diagrams from PDF documents. We study diagrams available in vector (not raster) format in online research papers. PDF files are parsed and their vector graphics components installed in

Robert P. Futrelle; Mingyan Shao; Chris Cieslik; Andrea Elaina Grimes

2003-01-01

386

49 CFR 1152.10 - System diagram map.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false System diagram map. 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Transportation...Diagram § 1152.10 System diagram map. (a) Each carrier shall prepare a diagram of its rail system on a map, designating all lines in its...

2010-10-01

387

Practical guidelines for the readability of IT-architecture diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the work done to establish guidelines for the creation of readable IT-architecture diagrams and gives some examples of guidelines and some examples of improved diagrams. These guidelines are meant to assist practicing IT-architects in preparing the diagrams to communicate their architectures to the various stakeholders. Diagramming has always been important in information technology (IT), but the recent

Henk Koning; Claire Dormann; Hans van Vliet

2002-01-01

388

Measurement of Eye Diagrams and Constellation Diagrams of Optical Sources Using Linear Optics and Waveguide Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate the characterization of optical sources with high sensitivity, high temporal resolution, and phase sensitivity using linear optical sampling. Eye diagrams and constellation diagrams are reconstructed using the interference of the source under test with a train of sampling pulses. This concept is implemented using a waveguide optical hybrid, which splits and recombines the sources and adjusts the phase

C. Dorrer; Christopher Richard Doerr; I. Kang; Roland Ryf; J. Leuthold; P. J. Winzer

2005-01-01

389

Note: Improved wire-wound heater.  

PubMed

The authors have measured, at cryogenic temperature, the upper limit of the heat transfer in different configurations of a wire-wound heater. We found that the heat transferred has an upper limit of about 15 W/cm(2) and is dependent on the diameter of the wire. In this paper, we present three ways of increasing the heat transferred by this type of heater and its application in different continuous flow cryostats. PMID:25638134

Steinmann, Ricardo G; Vitoux, Hugo

2015-01-01

390

Cylindrical Wire Electrical Discharge Machining Process Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of applying the wire Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) process to generate precise cylindrical forms on hard, difficult-to-machine materials are presented. A precise, flexible, and corrosion-resistant underwater rotary spindle was designed and added to a conventional two-axis wire EDM machine to enable the generation of free-form cylindrical geometries. A detailed spindle error analysis identifies the major source of error at

Jun Qu; Albert J. Shih; Ron O. Scattergood; Samuel B. McSpadden

391

Fabrication of terahertz wire-grid polarizers.  

PubMed

Wire-grid polarizers for terahertz region were fabricated by manufacturing triangular grating using a ruling-based, ultraprecision diamond machining process and replicating the pattern into polymethylpentene (TPX) and cyklo-olefin copolymer (COC) sheets using hot embossing. On top of the imprinted structures, aluminum was evaporated in an oblique angle, forming an aluminum wire grid. The achieved extinction rate was over 150 for TPX polarizers and near 1000 for COC polarizers. PMID:23262530

Partanen, Anni; Väyrynen, Juha; Hassinen, Sami; Tuovinen, Hemmo; Mutanen, Jarkko; Itkonen, Tommi; Silfsten, Pertti; Pääkkönen, Pertti; Kuittinen, Markku; Mönkkönen, Kari; Venäläinen, Tapani

2012-12-10

392

Note: Improved wire-wound heater  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors have measured, at cryogenic temperature, the upper limit of the heat transfer in different configurations of a wire-wound heater. We found that the heat transferred has an upper limit of about 15 W/cm2 and is dependent on the diameter of the wire. In this paper, we present three ways of increasing the heat transferred by this type of heater and its application in different continuous flow cryostats.

Steinmann, Ricardo G.; Vitoux, Hugo

2015-01-01

393

Wear mechanisms in a nonrotating wire rope  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nonrotating wire rope used in mine hoist operations is being examined by the U.S. Bureau of Mines to determine operative\\u000a wear mechanisms. Typically, bending and loading the ropes during service cause small, localized movements at interwire contacts,\\u000a leading to material loss through wear: The cumulative effect of both material loss by wear and wire breakage by fatigue failure\\u000a accelerates

K. K. Schrems; C. P. Dogan; J. A. Hawk

1995-01-01

394

Fungal-induced corrosion of wire rope  

SciTech Connect

Localized corrosion of carbon steel wire rope stored in a humid environment on wooden spools was caused by organic acid and carbon dioxide production by fungi growing directly on the wood. Fungal growth was found on the interior so the wooden spools, and corrosion was most severe on the wrap of wire in direct contact with the wood. Laboratory experiments and an extensive review of the literature demonstrated causal relationships between storage conditions and fungal growth and localized corrosion.

Little, B.; Ray, R.; Hart, K.; Wagner, P. [Naval Research Lab., Stennis Space Center, MS (United States)

1995-10-01

395

Phase Modulation Device Using Amorphous Short Wire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new phase-modulation device with simple structure and high reliability was constructed using a short amorphous wire. A high-frequency ac current (carrier) and a signal current are simultaneously passed through the wire, which undergoes the large Barkhausen effect when the circumferential flux changes. Highly linear modulation characteristics were obtained up to 0.67¿ using a triangular-wave ac current, passed through tension-annealed

K. Mohri; K. Bushida

1994-01-01

396

‘Chrysanthemum petal’ arrangements of silver nano wires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Highly ordered ‘Chrysanthemum petal’ arrangements of silver nano wires were fabricated in a biodegradable polymer of polyvinyl alcohol using a simple one-step blending method without any template. The degree of the arrangement increased with the decreasing content of polyvinyl alcohol. The mechanism for the formation of these ‘Chrysanthemum petal’ arrangements was discussed specifically. These ‘Chrysanthemum petal’ arrangements will be helpful to increase the electrical conductivity of silver nano wires films.

Cui, Hui-Wang; Jiu, Jin-Ting; Sugahara, Tohru; Nagao, Shijo; Suganuma, Katsuaki; Uchida, Hiroshi

2014-12-01

397

Energetic additive manufacturing process with feed wire  

DOEpatents

A process for additive manufacture by energetic wire deposition is described. A source wire is fed into a energy beam generated melt-pool on a growth surface as the melt-pool moves over the growth surface. This process enables the rapid prototyping and manufacture of fully dense, near-net shape components, as well as cladding and welding processes. Alloys, graded materials, and other inhomogeneous materials can be grown using this process.

Harwell, Lane D. (Albuquerque, NM); Griffith, Michelle L. (Albuquerque, NM); Greene, Donald L. (Corrales, NM); Pressly, Gary A. (Sandia Park, NM)

2000-11-07

398

A Magnetic Sensor with Amorphous Wire  

PubMed Central

Using a FeCoSiB amorphous wire and a coil wrapped around it, we have developed a sensitive magnetic sensor. When a 5 mm long amorphous wire with the diameter of 0.1 mm was used, the magnetic field noise spectrum of the sensor was about 30 pT/?Hz above 30 Hz. To show the sensitivity and the spatial resolution, the magnetic field of a thousand Japanese yen was scanned with the magnetic sensor. PMID:24940865

He, Dongfeng; Shiwa, Mitsuharu

2014-01-01

399

Study of Wire Contact Resistance in Single and Multi-wire Z-Pinch Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contact resistance of single and multi-wire array z-pinch has been measured for aluminum, stainless steel, and tungsten wires; diameters ranged from 7.5 to 30.5 micron. DC contact resistance in these experiments accounted for approximately 80% of load resistance, and resistance measurements varied from wire-to-wire by up to 15%. These DC measurements show that the resistance is highly dependent on both the wire material and the mass of the wire weights (0.8 g to 3.6 g). Marx pulses of 120 kV, 18 kA, 150 ns risetime were applied to the z-pinch. Wire plasma expansion velocity was measured using a streak camera, and expansion profile of the wires was determined using laser schlieren imaging. Electron temperature of individual wire plasmas is being determined by visible/UV spectra. Results will be presented of several methods being explored to reduce the contact resistance. *This work was supported by U. S. DoE through Sandia National Laboratories award number 240985 to the University of Michigan. Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

Gomez, M. R.; Zier, J.; Tang, W.; French, D. M.; Gilgenbach, R. M.; Lau, Y. Y.; Cuneo, M. E.; Johnston, M. D.; Mazarakis, M. G.; Mehlhorn, T. A.

2007-11-01

400

47 CFR 76.804 - Disposition of home run wiring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...has elected to abandon its home run wiring may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an equivalent...the home run wiring. The incumbent provider may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an...

2011-10-01

401

47 CFR 76.804 - Disposition of home run wiring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...has elected to abandon its home run wiring may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an equivalent...the home run wiring. The incumbent provider may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an...

2012-10-01

402

47 CFR 76.804 - Disposition of home run wiring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...has elected to abandon its home run wiring may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an equivalent...the home run wiring. The incumbent provider may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an...

2013-10-01

403

47 CFR 76.804 - Disposition of home run wiring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...has elected to abandon its home run wiring may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an equivalent...the home run wiring. The incumbent provider may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an...

2010-10-01

404

47 CFR 76.804 - Disposition of home run wiring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...has elected to abandon its home run wiring may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an equivalent...the home run wiring. The incumbent provider may remove its amplifiers or other active devices used in the wiring if an...

2014-10-01

405

Optimal Design of Shape Memory Alloy Wire Bundle Actuators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research studied the optimal design of Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) muscle wire bundle actuators. Current literature describes the use of multiple muscle wires placed in parallel to increase the lifting capabilities of an SMA actuator, which however, is limited to wires of like -diameter. A constrained optimization problem was formulated, with constraints on the maximum number of wires, voltage

Kathryn J. De Laurentis; Avi Fisch; Jason Nikitczuk; Constantinos Mavroidis

2002-01-01

406

A method of measuring the thermal conductivity of wire coatings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wire, coated with the insulating material under test, is heated electrically in a flow of water and the temperature found from the wire resistance. This measurement is repeated with a bare wire of the same overall diameter. Wire temperatures which correspond to the same test conditions in each case are subtracted; the difference will represent the temperature drop across the

G B Hodgetts

1962-01-01

407

Chemistry of radiation damage to wire chambers  

SciTech Connect

Proportional counters are used to study aspects of radiation damage to wire chambers (wire aging). Principles of low-pressure, rf plasma chemistry are used to predict the plasma chemistry in electron avalanches (1 atm, dc). (1) Aging is studied in CF{sub 4}/iC{sub 4}H{sub 10} gas mixtures. Wire deposits are analyzed by Auger electron spectroscopy. An apparent cathode aging process resulting in loss of gain rather than in a self-sustained current is observed in CF{sub 4}-rich gases. A four-part model considering plasma polymerization of the hydrocarbon, etching of wire deposits by CF{sub 4}, acceleration of deposition processes in strongly etching environments, and reactivity of the wire surface is developed to understand anode wire aging in CF{sub 4}/iC{sub 4}H{sub 10} gases. Practical guidelines suggested by the model are discussed. (2) Data are presented to suggest that trace amounts of Freons do not affect aging rates in either dimethyl ether or Ar/C{sub 2}H{sub 6}. Apparent loss of gain is explained by attachment of primary electrons to a continuously increasing concentration of Freon 11 (CCl{sub 3}F) in the counter gas. An increase in the concentration of Freon 11 in dimethyl ether is caused by a distillation process in the gas supply bottle and is a natural consequence of the unequal volatilities of the two compounds.

Wise, J.

1992-08-01

408

Pulsed electromagnetic acceleration of exploded wire plasmas  

SciTech Connect

A simple analysis of the dynamic state of a current-conducting high-density plasma column, resulting from an exploded wire between the conductors of a rail-gun accelerator or one or more wires strung between the anode and cathode conductors in a pulsed-power generator diode, is given on the basis of a one-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics model. Spatial distributions of the current density, magnetic field, temperature, and particle density are calculated as well as the temporal current, voltage, and impedance histories. The model self-consistently treats the accelerator load transition through its solid, melt, vapor, and plasma states in the presence of its supply source and feed network. Once formed and accelerated, the plasma state calculations show expansion cooling across the self-induced magnetic field if the Bennett condition is not satisfied. The model predictions are compared to two experimental situations. The first involves the delivery of some hundreds of Joules of stored energy to the wire load. For this case, good agreement between the calculated and observed plasma state is obtained. The second situation involves the delivery of many thousands of Joules to the wire load. For this case and dependent upon the wire mass, diameter, number of wires exploded, their separation, and the pulsed energy electrical wave shapes, the magnetohydrodynamic results can be qualitatively incorrect. The necessity of an electromagnetic particle simulation approach is indicated in order to resolve the magnetic rope-like structure and filamentation observed in the very energetic plasmas.

Peratt, A.L.; Koert, P.

1983-11-01

409

Thirteen Tesla magnet constructed with MJR wire  

SciTech Connect

The authors have constructed an insert booster superconducting magnet of 20 mm clear bore and outside diameter of 100 mm and height 130 mm, wound and reacted from the Teledyne patented foraminous layered foil (jelly roll) wire fabricated by low cost, non-rebundled reduction to wire. This magnet was placed inside the 101 mm bore of a NbTi wound solenoid which was operated at 8.5 Tesla. The total field achieved was 13.0 Tesla with no training quench observed; although training was initially observed when the magnet was first tested alone up to 4.6 Tesla at American Magnets, Inc. (AMI). The magnet winding techniques utilize Airco's fiberglass type wire insulation, an AMI proprietary cement, argon atmosphere 700/sup 0/C for 100 hour reaction, followed by a postreaction potting impregnation. The MJR wire lot used (M22) was short sample tested and the Ln (J /SUB c/ ) -vs-H line intersected the insert magnet operating curve at 13.5 Tesla. The wire lot used has a 34 volume % copper external sheath for quench protection. The wire was fabricated with 15.4 volume % niobium and bronze/niobium ratio of 3.0 with 13.% Sn bronze.

Siddall, M.; Efferson, K.; Mcdonald, W.

1983-05-01

410

Needleless electrospinning with twisted wire spinneret.  

PubMed

A needleless electrospinning setup named 'Needleless Twisted Wire Electrospinning' was developed. The polymer solution is electrospun from the surface of a twisted wire set to a high voltage and collected on a cylindrical collector around the wire. Multiple Taylor cones are simultaneously self-formed on the downward flowing solution. The system is robust and simple with no moving parts aside from the syringe pump used to transport the solution to the top of the wire. The structure and process parameters of the setup and the results on the preparation of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), hydroxyapatite (HA) and bioglass fibers with the setup are presented. PVP fiber sheets with areas of 40 × 120 cm(2) and masses up to 1.15 g were prepared. High production rates of 5.23 g h(-1) and 1.40 g h(-1) were achieved for PVP and HA respectively. The major limiting factor of the setup is drying of the polymer solution on the wire during the electrospinning process which will eventually force to interrupt the process for cleaning of the wire. Possible solutions to this problem and other ways to develop the setup are discussed. The presented system provides a simple way to increase the production rate and area of fiber sheet as compared with the conventional needle electrospinning. PMID:25513842

Holopainen, Jani; Penttinen, Toni; Santala, Eero; Ritala, Mikko

2015-01-16

411

Needleless electrospinning with twisted wire spinneret  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A needleless electrospinning setup named ‘Needleless Twisted Wire Electrospinning’ was developed. The polymer solution is electrospun from the surface of a twisted wire set to a high voltage and collected on a cylindrical collector around the wire. Multiple Taylor cones are simultaneously self-formed on the downward flowing solution. The system is robust and simple with no moving parts aside from the syringe pump used to transport the solution to the top of the wire. The structure and process parameters of the setup and the results on the preparation of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), hydroxyapatite (HA) and bioglass fibers with the setup are presented. PVP fiber sheets with areas of 40 × 120 cm2 and masses up to 1.15 g were prepared. High production rates of 5.23 g h?1 and 1.40 g h?1 were achieved for PVP and HA respectively. The major limiting factor of the setup is drying of the polymer solution on the wire during the electrospinning process which will eventually force to interrupt the process for cleaning of the wire. Possible solutions to this problem and other ways to develop the setup are discussed. The presented system provides a simple way to increase the production rate and area of fiber sheet as compared with the conventional needle electrospinning.

Holopainen, Jani; Penttinen, Toni; Santala, Eero; Ritala, Mikko

2015-01-01

412

The technology of testing the safety of steel wire ropes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To estimate the security of steel wire rope, the broken wire condition, the capability of the rope to bear weight and the state of stress balance of each wire in the steel wire rope were investigated. The wavelet translation method was applied to analyze the signals of magnetic field leakage from the steel wire rope. The result of the time-frequency analysis of the signals can be used to make certain of he position and the amount of the broken wire. Using the static surveillance method as a basis, a dynamic surveillance method was designed to detect the stress balance of the steel wire rope. This technology makes it possible to check the stress condition of each wire on line. It can be concluded that a wavelet translation analysis and the dynamic surveillance technique are effective methods to detect on line and real-time the broken wire and the stress balance of multistrand wire ropes.

Zhang, Xiaochun; Hu, Caiwen

2005-12-01

413

A pseudo-haptic knot diagram interface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To make progress in understanding knot theory, we will need to interact with the projected representations of mathematical knots which are of course continuous in 3D but significantly interrupted in the projective images. One way to achieve such a goal would be to design an interactive system that allows us to sketch 2D knot diagrams by taking advantage of a collision-sensing controller and explore their underlying smooth structures through a continuous motion. Recent advances of interaction techniques have been made that allow progress to be made in this direction. Pseudo-haptics that simulates haptic effects using pure visual feedback can be used to develop such an interactive system. This paper outlines one such pseudo-haptic knot diagram interface. Our interface derives from the familiar pencil-and-paper process of drawing 2D knot diagrams and provides haptic-like sensations to facilitate the creation and exploration of knot diagrams. A centerpiece of the interaction model simulates a "physically" reactive mouse cursor, which is exploited to resolve the apparent conflict between the continuous structure of the actual smooth knot and the visual discontinuities in the knot diagram representation. Another value in exploiting pseudo-haptics is that an acceleration (or deceleration) of the mouse cursor (or surface locator) can be used to indicate the slope of the curve (or surface) of whom the projective image is being explored. By exploiting these additional visual cues, we proceed to a full-featured extension to a pseudo-haptic 4D visualization system that simulates the continuous navigation on 4D objects and allows us to sense the bumps and holes in the fourth dimension. Preliminary tests of the software show that main features of the interface overcome some expected perceptual limitations in our interaction with 2D knot diagrams of 3D knots and 3D projective images of 4D mathematical objects.

Zhang, Hui; Weng, Jianguang; Hanson, Andrew J.

2011-01-01

414

Analytical procedure for modelling recursively and wire by wire stranded ropes subjected to traction and torsion loads  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to introduce a new theoretical procedure for modelling wire ropes subjected simultaneously to tensile and torsional loads. The procedure is based upon the beam assumption and takes account wire by wire of the double helical wires on the basis of general thin rod theory developed by [Love, A., 1944. Mathematical Theory of Elasticity. Dover

H. Usabiaga; J. M. Pagalday

2008-01-01

415

Wiring design for the control of electromagnetic interference (EMI)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wiring design is only one important aspect of EMI control. Other important areas for EMI are: circuit design, filtering, grounding, bonding, shielding, lighting, electrostatic discharge (ESD), transient suppression, and electromagnetic pulse (EMP). Topics covered include: wire magnetic field emissions at low frequencies; wire radiated magnetic field emissions at frequencies; wire design guidelines for EMI control; wire design guidelines for EMI control; high frequency emissions from cables; and pulse frequency spectra.

Kopasakis, George

1995-11-01

416

Wiring design for the control of electromagnetic interference (EMI)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wiring design is only one important aspect of EMI control. Other important areas for EMI are: circuit design, filtering, grounding, bonding, shielding, lighting, electrostatic discharge (ESD), transient suppression, and electromagnetic pulse (EMP). Topics covered include: wire magnetic field emissions at low frequencies; wire radiated magnetic field emissions at frequencies; wire design guidelines for EMI control; wire design guidelines for EMI control; high frequency emissions from cables; and pulse frequency spectra.

Kopasakis, George

1995-01-01

417

Surface-enhanced copper bonding wire for LSI  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing interest in Cu wire bonding for LSI interconnection due to cost savings and better electrical and mechanical properties. Cu bonding wires, in general, are severely limited in their use compared to Au wires; such as wire oxidation, lower bondability, forming gas of N2+5%H2, and lower reliability. It is difficult for conventional bare Cu wires to achieve the

Tomohiro Uno; Shinichi Terashima; Takashi Yamada

2009-01-01

418

STRS SpaceWire FPGA Module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An FPGA module leverages the previous work from Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) relating to NASA s Space Telecommunications Radio System (STRS) project. The STRS SpaceWire FPGA Module is written in the Verilog Register Transfer Level (RTL) language, and it encapsulates an unmodified GSFC core (which is written in VHDL). The module has the necessary inputs/outputs (I/Os) and parameters to integrate seamlessly with the SPARC I/O FPGA Interface module (also developed for the STRS operating environment, OE). Software running on the SPARC processor can access the configuration and status registers within the SpaceWire module. This allows software to control and monitor the SpaceWire functions, but it is also used to give software direct access to what is transmitted and received through the link. SpaceWire data characters can be sent/received through the software interface, as well as through the dedicated interface on the GSFC core. Similarly, SpaceWire time codes can be sent/received through the software interface or through a dedicated interface on the core. This innovation is designed for plug-and-play integration in the STRS OE. The SpaceWire module simplifies the interfaces to the GSFC core, and synchronizes all I/O to a single clock. An interrupt output (with optional masking) identifies time-sensitive events within the module. Test modes were added to allow internal loopback of the SpaceWire link and internal loopback of the client-side data interface.

Lux, James P.; Taylor, Gregory H.; Lang, Minh; Stern, Ryan A.

2011-01-01

419

P. Adams/LSU Live wires. These 7-micron-thick wires  

E-print Network

. Improved versions of the wires could be used in the electromagnets needed in a new class of spacecraft-millimeter-long nickel- coated carbon fibers in an evacuated tube with magnesium vapor and then heated, their carbon cores could make them stronger than steel, so an electromagnet made from the wires wouldn't need

Adams, Philip W.

420

30 CFR 75.906 - Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground...Circuits § 75.906 Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground...Statutory Provisions] Trailing cables for mobile equipment shall contain one or more...

2013-07-01

421

30 CFR 75.906 - Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground...Circuits § 75.906 Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground...Statutory Provisions] Trailing cables for mobile equipment shall contain one or more...

2014-07-01

422

30 CFR 75.906 - Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground check wires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground...Circuits § 75.906 Trailing cables for mobile equipment, ground wires, and ground...Statutory Provisions] Trailing cables for mobile equipment shall contain one or more...

2012-07-01

423

Studies of friction and wear characteristics of various wires for wire-brush skids  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The friction and wear characteristics of 22 types and sizes of wires for potential use in wire-brush skids were studied. These characteristics were determined by placing brushes made from candidate wires on a belt sander whose moving belt simulated landing roll-out distance. At the same time, the drag force and wear behavior were monitored. Data were obtained over distances up to 3048 m (10,000 ft) at preselected bearing pressures of 172 to 1034 kPa (25 to 150 psi). In general, the friction coefficient developed by the candidate wires was found to be independent of bearing pressure and ranged between 0.4 and 0.6 under the test conditions of this investigation. The friction coefficient was not degraded when the surface was wetted and appears to be independent of wire diameter except perhaps when wire size is relatively large compared with the surface asperities. Generally, the high friction demonstrated by the soft materials was accompanied by high wear rates; conversely, the hard materials provided greater wear resistance but offered lower friction. For all test wires, the wear was shown to increase with increasing bearing pressure, in general, for the same bearing pressure, wear increased with increasing wire diameter and decreased when the surface was wetted.

Dreher, R. C.

1977-01-01

424

ECE 423: DSP for Communication Block Diagrams  

E-print Network

and Quantization DSP System Design/Characterization Real-time DSP Hardware and Software - Understands basic signalECE 423: DSP for Communication Block Diagrams Discrete-time System Analysis/Design Sampling experience using MATLAB and Simulink for modeling of linear systems - For both continuous and discrete time

Schumacher, Russ

425

Computer-Generated Diagrams for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes 10 computer programs used to draw diagrams usually drawn on chalkboards, such as addition of three vectors, vector components, range of a projectile, lissajous figures, beats, isotherms, Snell's law, waves passing through a lens, magnetic field due to Helmholtz coils, and three curves. Several programming tips are included. (JN)

Carle, Mark A.; Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.

1986-01-01

426

Weight diagram construction of Lax operators  

SciTech Connect

We review and expand methods introduced in our previous paper. It is proved that cyclic weight diagrams corresponding to representations of affine Lie algebras allow one to construct the associated Lax operator. The resultant Lax operator is in the Miura-like form and generates the modified KdV equations. The algorithm is extended to the super-symmetric case.

Carbon, S.L.; Piard, E.J.

1991-10-01

427

Dynamic Tactile Diagram Simplification on Refreshable Displays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing use of visual diagrams in educational and work environments, and even our daily lives, has created obstacles for individuals who are blind or visually impaired to "independently" access the information they represent. Although physical tactile pictures can be created to convey the visual information, it is typically a slow,…

Rastogi, Ravi; Pawluk, Dianne T. V.

2013-01-01

428

Near Earth Objects Program: Orbit Diagrams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides access to diagrams of the orbits of a very large number of objects in the asteroid belt as well as comets that cross Earth's orbit. The collection is searchable by object name or designation and users can also browse through an extensive list of potentially hazardous asteroids.

NASA JPL Near Earth Object Program

429

Using Euler Diagrams in Traditional Library Environments  

E-print Network

Using Euler Diagrams in Traditional Library Environments J´er^ome Thi`evre, Marie-Luce Viaud 1 INA for traditional library environments, which allows the user to elaborate easily and efficiently new strategies one is an interactive representation of the structures composing the documentary kernel of the library

Verroust-Blondet, Anne

430

The granulation boundary in the HR diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

A granulation boundary in the H-R diagram is found. The boundary runs smoothly from spectral type G1 Ib to near F0 on the main sequence. On the cool side of the boundary, the spectral line bisectors are of the classical type associated with granulation. On the hot side the bisectors show a reversed slope and curvature indicative of some other

David F. Gray; Thomas Nagel

1989-01-01

431

New developments in understanding the HR diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of recent research efforts aimed at the interpretation and reproduction of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram are reviewed. In particular, attention is given to basic stellar evolution; nuclear reactions, opacities, and stellar winds; semiconduction and convective overshoot; and old star clusters. The discussion also covers intermediate age clusters and Cepheid stars and supergiant stars in the Milky Way and LMC.

Cesare Chiosi; Gianpaolo Bertelli; Alessandro Bressan

1992-01-01

432

Synthetic HR-diagrams for massive stars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observations of luminous stars are compared to synthetic HR diagrams generated from three sets of evolutionary models with different treatment of mass loss, convective overshoot, and considering or not variations in the opacity due to heavy elements. We take into account also different values for the slope of the initial mass function, and the possibility that a fraction of the

E. Nasi; C. Forieri

1990-01-01

433

NTNU Java: Free-Body Force Diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This applet illustrates the forces on a block on an inclined plane. A free-body diagram shows the gravitational, normal, frictional and net force vectors. The weight, angle of the plane, and coefficient of friction can be changed by the user. The user can also apply an external force to the block. The motion resulting from the forces is not shown.

Hwang, Fu-Kwun

2005-02-07

434

The Keynesian Diagram: A Cross to Bear?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In elementary economics courses students are often introduced to the basic concepts of macroeconomics through very simplified static models, and the concept of a macroeconomic equilibrium is generally explained with the help of an aggregate demand/aggregate supply (AD/AS) model and an income/expenditure model (via the Keynesian cross diagram).…

Fleck, Juergen

435

Knowledge Visualization Using Optimized General Logic Diagrams  

E-print Network

readable rule vi- sualization in the diagram. This problem has been solved by applying a simulated, such as Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services, IBM DB2 Intelligent Miner, and Oracle Data Miner. They are also or more readable and visually attractive. Therefore, a problem arises as to how to optimize the attribute

Michalski, Ryszard S.

436

Phase diagram of the Kondo lattice  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the phase diagram of the Kondo lattice: we generalize to the lattice a method proposed by Yoshimori and Sakurai for the single-impurity Kondo problem; this method transforms the Kondo exchange interaction into a fictitious s-f hybridization, and gives a resonance of width TK at the Fermi level. We study the Kondo phase and compare its energy with the

C. Lacroix; M. Cyrot

1979-01-01

437

Array diagrams and the Nial approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nested Interactive Array Language, Nial, combines APL and LISP concepts and is based on the theory of nested rectangular arrays. Array theory provides a concise mathematical model of data capturing the essence of everyday data objects. Arrays are displayed by diagrams, which provide an easily comprehended way of communicating the rectangularity, nesting and content of arrays. A novel drawing

Fl. Schmidt; M. A. Jenkins

1982-01-01

438

Penguin diagrams for the HYP staggered fermions  

E-print Network

We present results of the one-loop corrections originating from the penguin diagrams for the improved staggered fermion operators constructed using various fat links such as Fat7, Fat7+Lepage, $\\bar{\\rm Fat7}$, HYP (I) and HYP (II). The main results include the diagonal/off-diagonal mixing coefficients and the matching formula between the continuum and lattice operators.

Keunsu Choi; Weonjong Lee

2003-09-15

439

Selected developments in laser wire stripping. [cutting insulation from aerospace-type wires and cables  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operation of mechanical and thermal strippers and the early development of laser wire strippers are reviewed. NASA sponsored development of laser wire stripping for space shuttle includes bench-type strippers as well as an advanced portable hand-held stripper which incorporates a miniaturized carbon dioxide laser and a rotating optics unit with a gas-jet assist and debris exhaust. Drives and controls girdle the wire and slit the remaining slug without manual assistance. This unit can strip wire sizes 26 through 12 gage. A larger-capacity hand-held unit for wire sizes through 1/0 gage was built using a neodynium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser. The hand-held units have a flexible umbilical cable to an accompanying cart that carries the power supply, gas supply, cooling unit, and the controls.

1977-01-01

440

Forgotten Kirschner Wire Causing Severe Hematuria  

PubMed Central

Kirschner wire (K-wire) is commonly used in the treatment of hip fracture and its migration into pelvis leading to bladder injury is a very rare complication. Nonremoval of these devices either because of lack of followup or because of prolonged requirement due to disease process is associated with this complication. We report a case of a patient who presented with acute onset severe hematuria with clot retention secondary to perforation of bladder by a migrated K-wire placed earlier, for the treatment of hip fracture. Initial imaging showed its presence in the soft tissues of the pelvis away from the major vascular structures. Patient was taken for emergency laparotomy and wire was removed after cystotomy. Postoperative period was uneventful and patient was discharged in satisfactory condition. K-wires are commonly used in the management of fracture bones and their migration has been reported in the literature although such migration in the intrapelvic region involving bladder is very rare. Early diagnosis and prompt removal of such foreign bodies are required to avert potentially fatal involvement of major structures. PMID:25136472

Singh, Shrawan Kumar; Jayant, Kumar; Agrawal, Swati; Parmar, Kalpesh Mahesh; Ajjoor Shankargowda, Sriharsha

2014-01-01

441

Modeling branched wiring networks using inversion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A network algorithm is developed to analyze a branched wire network to determine the branch and fault topology of the network, using an array of hand-held (EM) electro-magnetic field sensors in conjunction with a SSTDR (Spread-Spectrum Time Domain Reflectometry) wire tester. The algorithm provides an analysis of the convolved reflectometry data collected at multiple data points along a test wire by the field sensors. The faults are located using a reconstruction of forward and backward traveling waveforms created from a mathematical inversion of a collection of convolved reflectometry data. The methods and algorithms developed to model the topology of the test wires are described. The topology refers to the locations of the major reflection points within a branched network, and the lengths and connections of the segments of wire that exist between reflectors. Simulations are developed to determine the effectiveness of the algorithm without the limitations of the test hardware. Tests are performed in a controlled lab environment to assess the abilities of the developed algorithms.

Brewer, Carl Petter

442

Wire scanner software and firmware issues  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center facility presently has 110 slow wire scanning profile measurement instruments located along its various beam lines. These wire scanners were developed and have been operating for at least 30 years. While the wire scanners solved many problems to operate and have served the facility well they have increasingly suffered from several problems or limitations, such as maintenance and reliability problems, antiquated components, slow data acquisition, and etc. In order to refurbish these devices, these wire scanners will be replaced with newer versions. The replacement will consist of a completely new beam line actuator, new cables, new electronics and brand new software and firmware. This note describes the functions and modes of operation that LabVIEW VI software on the real time controller and FPGA LabVIEW firmware will be required. It will be especially interesting to understand the overall architecture of these LabVIEW VIs. While this note will endeavor to describe all of the requirements and issues for the wire scanners, undoubtedly, there will be missing details that will be added as time progresses.

Gilpatrick, John Doug [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

443

Integrated Electrical Wire Insulation Repair System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An integrated system tool will allow a technician to easily and quickly repair damaged high-performance electrical wire insulation in the field. Low-melt polyimides have been developed that can be processed into thin films that work well in the repair of damaged polyimide or fluoropolymer insulated electrical wiring. Such thin films can be used in wire insulation repairs by affixing a film of this low-melt polyimide to the damaged wire, and heating the film to effect melting, flow, and cure of the film. The resulting repair is robust, lightweight, and small in volume. The heating of this repair film is accomplished with the use of a common electrical soldering tool that has been modified with a special head or tip that can accommodate the size of wire being repaired. This repair method can furthermore be simplified for the repair technician by providing replaceable or disposable soldering tool heads that have repair film already "loaded" and ready for use. The soldering tool heating device can also be equipped with a battery power supply that will allow its use in areas where plug-in current is not available

Williams, Martha; Jolley, Scott; Gibson, Tracy; Parks, Steven

2013-01-01

444

Dispersion interaction between crossed conducting wires  

SciTech Connect

We compute the T=0 K Van der Waals (nonretarded Casimir) interaction energy E between two infinitely long, crossed conducting wires separated by a minimum distance D much greater than their radius. We find that, up to a logarithmic correction factor, E{proportional_to}-D{sup -1}|sin {theta}|{sup -1}f({theta}), where f({theta}) is a smooth bounded function of the angle {theta} between the wires. We recover a conventional result of the form E{proportional_to}-D{sup -4}|sin {theta}|{sup -1}g({theta}) when we include an electronic energy gap in our calculation. Our prediction of gap-dependent energetics may be observable experimentally for carbon nanotubes either via atomic force microscopy detection of the Van der Waals force or torque or indirectly via observation of mechanical oscillations. This shows that strictly parallel wires, as assumed in previous predictions, are not needed to see a unique effect of this type.

Dobson, John F.; Gould, Timothy [Nanoscale Science and Technology Centre, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia and CSIRO National Hydrogen Materials Alliance, CSIRO Energy Centre, 10 Murray Dwyer Circuit, Steel River Estate, Mayfield West, New South Wales 2301 (Australia); Klich, Israel [Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)

2009-07-15

445

Nondivergent Cherenkov Radiation in a Wire Metamaterial  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The electromagnetic radiation of a charge moving in an infinite 3D structure made of parallel wires is considered. The periods of the structure are assumed to be small; therefore, it can be described by an effective permittivity tensor. The charge velocity is perpendicular to the wires. Analytical and numerical investigations are performed, and some unusual properties of the radiation are noted. It is shown that the radiation propagates along the wires and concentrates near certain rays behind the charge. The wave field does not vary with distance from the charge along these rays (if energy loss in the medium is negligible). The prospects for the use of the structure under consideration for diagnostics of bunches are noted.

Vorobev, Viktor V.; Tyukhtin, Andrey V.

2012-05-01

446

Prediction of Emission from Wire Polarizing Grids  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simple inhomogeneous circuit model for a grid comprised of wires with circular cross section is derived and compared to measured observations. The proposed approximations are valid in the limit the geometric parameters for the grid are small compared to the wavelength of the incident radiation. Expressions for the emission, reflection, and transmission are provided. The accuracy of this circuit model is compared against full wave numerical simulations as a function of grid filling fraction. For perpendicular illumination of the grid the expressions used in the literature for zero thickness polarizers are recovered. For parallel illumination the influence of the finite wire thickness has a non-negectable influence on the emission properties of a wire grid polarizer is found.

Wollack, Edward

2009-01-01

447

Hot wire anemometry in transonic flow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of hot-wire anemometry for obtaining fluctuating data in transonic flows has been evaluated. From hot-wire heat loss correlations based on previous transonic data, the sensitivity coefficients for velocity, density, and total temperature fluctuations have been calculated for a wide range of test conditions and sensor parameters. For sensor Reynolds numbers greater than 20 and high sensor overheat ratios, the velocity sensitivity remains independent of Mach number and equal to the density sensitivity. These conclusions were verified by comparisons of predicted sensitivities with those from recent direct calibrations in transonic flows. Based on these results, techniques are presented to obtain meaningful measurements of fluctuating velocity, density, and Reynolds shear stress using hot-wire and hot-film anemometers. Examples of these measurements are presented for two transonic boundary layers.

Horstman, C. C.; Rose, W. C.

1975-01-01

448

Finite Element Simulation of Dense Wire Packings  

E-print Network

A finite element program is presented to simulate the process of packing and coiling elastic wires in two- and three-dimensional confining cavities. The wire is represented by third order beam elements and embedded into a corotational formulation to capture the geometric nonlinearity resulting from large rotations and deformations. The hyperbolic equations of motion are integrated in time using two different integration methods from the Newmark family: an implicit iterative Newton-Raphson line search solver, and an explicit predictor-corrector scheme, both with adaptive time stepping. These two approaches reveal fundamentally different suitability for the problem of strongly self-interacting bodies found in densely packed cavities. Generalizing the spherical confinement symmetry investigated in recent studies, the packing of a wire in hard ellipsoidal cavities is simulated in the frictionless elastic limit. Evidence is given that packings in oblate spheroids and scalene ellipsoids are energetically preferred to spheres.

R. Vetter; F. K. Wittel; N. Stoop; H. J. Herrmann

2011-11-22

449

Wear mechanisms in a nonrotating wire rope  

SciTech Connect

A nonrotating wire rope used in main hoist operations is being examined by the US Bureau of Mines to determine operative wear mechanisms. Typically, bending and loading the ropes during service cause small, localized movements at interwire contacts, leading to material loss through wear.The cumulative effect of both material loss by wear and wire breakage by fatigue failure accelerates rope retirement. If the macroscopic mechanics of wire rope failure are to be understood, microscopic deformation and degradation processes must be identified and quantified. As a first step in this study, interwire wear and deformation were studied using a combination of scanning electron microscopy and hardness measurements. Both fretting and abrasive wear were identified as wear mechanisms. Preferential sites for fretting and abrasive wear were identified and are discussed regarding rope construction and geometry and the tribo-system.

Schrems, K.K.; Dogan, C.P.; Hawk, J.A. [Bureau of Mines, Albany, OR (United States). Albany Research Center

1995-04-01

450

Wear mechanisms in a nonrotating wire rope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A nonrotating wire rope used in mine hoist operations is being examined by the U.S. Bureau of Mines to determine operative wear mechanisms. Typically, bending and loading the ropes during service cause small, localized movements at interwire contacts, leading to material loss through wear: The cumulative effect of both material loss by wear and wire breakage by fatigue failure accelerates rope retirement. If the macroscopic mechanics of wire rope failure are to be understood, microscopic deformation and degradation processes must be identified and quantified. As a first step in this study, interwire wear and deformation were studied using a combination of scanning electron microscopy and hardness measurements. Both fretting and abrasive wear were identified as wear mechanisms. Preferential sites for fretting and abrasive wear were identified and are discussed regarding rope construction and geometry and the tribo-system.

Schrems, K. K.; Dogan, C. P.; Hawk, J. A.

1995-04-01

451

Novel solar cells in a wire format.  

PubMed

Photovoltaic devices in a wire format have recently attracted increasing attention as, compared with the conventional planar structure, they show unique and promising advantages. For instance, they are light-weight and can be easily woven into clothes or integrated into other structures, which enable applications in electronic textiles and various complex devices. In this tutorial review, the recent advancement in photovoltaic wires including both dye-sensitized and polymer solar cells are described. Two main architectures based on a single core-sheath fiber and twisted fibers are carefully illustrated with an emphasis on the comparison of various substrates which have been focused in past development. The current challenge including low energy conversion efficiency and low stability and future direction of the wire-shaped cell have been finally summarized. PMID:23467786

Chen, Tao; Qiu, Longbin; Yang, Zhibin; Peng, Huisheng

2013-06-21

452

Reusable Hot-Wire Cable Cutter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the early development stage of balloon deployment systems for missions, nichrome wire cable cutters were often used in place of pyro-actuated cutters. Typically, a nichrome wire is wrapped around a bundle of polymer cables with a low melting point and connected to a relay-actuated electric circuit. The heat from the nichrome reduces the strength of the cable bundle, which quickly breaks under a mechanical load and can thus be used as a release mechanism for a deployment system. However, the use of hand-made heated nichrome wire for cutters is not very reliable. Often, the wrapped nichrome wire does not cut through the cable because it either pulls away from its power source or does not stay in contact with the cable being cut. Because nichrome is not readily soldered to copper wire, unreliable mechanical crimps are often made to connect the nichrome to an electric circuit. A self-contained device that is reusable and reliable was developed to sever cables for device release or deployment. The nichrome wire in this new device is housed within an enclosure to prevent it from being damaged by handling. The electric power leads are internally connected within the unit to the nichrome wire using a screw terminal connection. A bayonet plug, a quick and secure method of connecting the cutter to the power source, is used to connect the cutter to the power leads similar to those used in pyro-cutter devices. A small ceramic tube [0.25-in. wide 0.5-in. long (.6.4-mm wide 13-mm long)] houses a spiraled nichrome wire that is heated when a cable release action is required. The wire is formed into a spiral coil by wrapping it around a mandrel. It is then laid inside the ceramic tube so that it fits closely to the inner surface of the tube. The ceramic tube provides some thermal and electrical insulation so that most of the heat generated by the wire is directed toward the cable bundle in the center of the spiral. The ceramic tube is cemented into an aluminum block, which holds it in position. The leads of the nichrome wire are attached to screw terminals that connect them to power leads. A bayonet plug mounted at the bottom of the rectangular block connects the power leads to a relay circuit. A thin aluminum shell encloses the entire structure, leaving access points to attach to the bayonet plug and to feed a cable into the cylinder. The access holes for the deployment cable are a smaller diameter than the nichrome coil to prevent the cable from coming in direct contact with the nichrome when loaded. It uses the same general method of severing a cable with a heated wire as was used previously, but implements it in such a way that it is more reliable and less prone to failure. It creates a mechanism to create repeatability that was nonexistent in the previous method.

Pauken, Michael T.; Steinkraus, Joel M.

2010-01-01

453

Coaxial anode wire for gas radiation counters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and characteristics of a gas radiation counter are discussed. The coaxial anode consists of an elongated central wire covered with an electrically insulating sleeve. Several longitudinally discontinuous segments of an electrically conductive coating are disposed about the insulating sleeve in a coaxial pattern along the length of the central wire. The conductive coating segments form a veto or rejection anode at each end of the central wire and a main or primary charge detecting anode between the ends. The segments are coupled together so that the primary charge detecting anode is connected to detection circuitry in anti-coincidence with the veto anodes. Background radiation detected by either of the veto anodes and the primary charge detecting anode is rejected and the sensitivity of the radiation counter device is increased.

Kraushaar, W. L. (inventor)

1974-01-01

454

Three-Wire Thermocouple: Frequency Response in Constant Flow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Theory and experimental measurements are compared with a novel three-wire thermocouple. Signals from three wires of unequal diameters are recorded from the thermocouple suspended in constant flow with a periodic temperature fluctuation. It is demonstrated that the reconstructed signal from the three-wire thermocouple requires no compensation for omega less than or equal to 5(omega(sub 1)), where omega(sub 1) is the natural frequency of the smaller wire. The latter result represents a significant improvement compared to previous work with two-wire thermocouples. A correction factor has also been derived to account for wires of arbitrary diameter.

Forney, L. J.; Fralick, G. C.

1995-01-01

455

Three-wire Thermocouple: Frequency Response in Constant Flow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Theory and experimental measurements are compared with a novel three-wire thermocouple. Signals from three wires of unequal diameters arc recorded from the thermocouple suspended in constant flow with a periodic temperature fluctuation. It is demonstrated that the reconstructed signal from the three-wire thermocouple requires no compensation for omega less than or equal to 5(sub omega1), where omega, is the natural frequency of the smaller wire. The latter result represents a significant improvement compared to previous work with two-wire thermocouples. A correction factor has also been derived to account for wires of arbitrary diameter.

Forney, L. J.; Fralick, G. C.

1995-01-01

456

Low carbon dual phase steels for high strength wire  

SciTech Connect

This paper shows that dual phase steels can be designed and processed as new, economical low carbon steels for cold drawing into high tensile strength steel wires. Current work indicates wires of tensile strengths up to 400,000 psi can be obtained. Potential applications for dual phase steel wire include bead wire, tire cord, wire rope and prestressed concrete. It should be possible to produce wire rods in existing rod mills by adapting the controlled rolling and quenching procedures outlined in this paper.

Thomas, G.; Ahn, J.H.

1985-08-01

457

EDITORIAL More than a wire More than a wire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanowires are the natural evolution of the connections in circuits when scaled down to nanometre sizes. On closer inspection, of course, the role of nanowires in developing new technologies is much more than just a current-bearing medium. By sizing the diameters of these objects down to the nanoscale, their properties become increasingly sensitive to factors such as the gas composition, temperature and incident light of their surrounding environment, as well as defects and variations in diameter. What becomes important in modern electronics innovations is not just what is connected, but how. Nanowires had already begun to attract the attention of researchers in the early 1990s as advances in imaging and measurement devices invited researchers to investigate the properties of these one-dimensional structures [1, 2]. This interest has sparked ingenious ways of fabricating nanowires such as the use of a DNA template. A collaboration of researchers at Louisiana Tech University in the US hs provided an overview of various methods to assemble conductive nanowires on a DNA template, including a summary of different approaches to stretching and positioning the templates [3]. Work in this area demonstrates a neat parallel for the role of DNA molecules as the building blocks of life and the foundations of nanoscale device architectures. Scientists at HP Labs in California are using nanowires to shrink the size of logic arrays [4]. One aspect of electronic interconnects that requires particular attention at nanoscale sizes is the effect of defects. The researchers at HP Labs demonstrate that their approach, which they name FPNI (field-programmable nanowire interconnect), is extremely tolerant of the high defect rates likely to be found in these nanoscale structures, and allows reduction in size and power without significantly sacrificing the clock rate. Another issue in scaling down electronics is the trend for an increasing resistivity with decreasing wire width. Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the US tackle this challenge by demonstrating a top-down method for fabricating nickel mono-silicide (NiSi) nanowires or nanolines. The work demonstrates a constant room temperature electrical resistivity of the NiSi nanowires as the line widths are reduced to as low as 23 nm [5]. The field effect transistor, the closest device under current research to that comprising the transistor first patented by physicist Julius Edgar Lilienfeld in Canada in 1925, has become the focus of a large proportion of research in nanoscale science and technology. Up to now, most devices have been based on natural n-type transition metal oxides, but synthesis of p-type metal oxide nanowires enables the development of novel complementary nanowire devices and circuits, including LEDs, electrically driven nanolasers and multiplexing biosensors. Doping is the most common means of producing p-type semiconductor nanowires but the stability and reproducibility of these structures are often poor. A collaboration of researchers in China and Singapore has demonstrated that CuO nanowires could be a promising candidate for a p-type field-effect transistor [6]. The sensitivity of nanowires to gases in their surroundings has stimulated considerable interest for applications in sensing, and the CuO nanowires in this report also exhibit a high response to CO gas in air at 200 °C. In this issue, researchers in Korea and the US provide an overview of the use of nanomaterials in memory technology [7]. The review provides details of the current status and future prospects of alternatives that may become available in the near future for phase-change RAM, ferroelectric RAM and magnetic RAM, as well as other novel architectures under investigation such as molecular memory and devices based on carbon nanotubes. Nanowires feature here as well. Although, as pointed out in the review the use of nanowires in phase-change RAM is still far from being at the commercial stages, these one-dimensional structures have a number of advantages including the l

Demming, Anna

2010-10-01

458

Certification of offshore mooring steel wire ropes  

SciTech Connect

The trend to produce oil in increasingly deeper water has led to the development of floating production solutions for the exploitation of the energy resources in these areas. It is a fact that steel wire ropes have been used and are being proposed as line segments in the majority of the mooring systems of these units/ships. This paper specifies requirements for the materials, design, manufacture and testing of large diameter offshore mooring steel wire ropes and may serve as a technical reference document in contractual matters between the purchaser and the manufacturer. Typical applications covered are permanently moored floating production systems (FPS), offshore loading systems and mobile offshore units.

Lohne, P.W. [Det Norske Veritas AS, Oslo (Norway)

1996-12-31

459

Magnetic Field Problem: Mesuring Current in Wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A wire carrying an unknown current is shown above. An external magnetic field that has constant magnitude and direction is applied to the top half of the simulation (The gray rectangle is at the boundary for your reference). In addition, there is the magnetic field produced by the current in the wire. The direction arrows show the vector sum of these two fields. (The color of the direction arrows represents the magnitude of the field as before.) Observe the force vector and the force/length in the yellow message box in the lower left hand corner.

Wolfgang Christian

460

ESTEC wiring test programme materials related properties  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electrical wires are considered as EEE parts and are covered within the ESA SCC specification series (ESA SCC 3901/XXX). This specification defines the principal properties of the wires including insulation/lay-up and electrical properties. Some additional space related materials requirements are also included, requirements such as outgassing and silver plating thickness. If a project has additional materials requirements over and above those covered by the relevant SCC specification, then additional testing is required. This is especially true for crewed spacecraft. The following topics are discussed in this context: additional requirements for manned spacecraft; flammability; arc tracking; thermal decomposition; microbial surface growth; and ageing.

Judd, M. D.

1994-01-01

461

Controversies in ureteroscopy: Wire, basket, and sheath  

PubMed Central

In the last one to two decades, flexible ureteroscopy has rapidly expanded its role in the treatment of urologic stone disease. With the frequent and expanded use of flexible ureteroscopy, other ancillary instruments were developed in order to ease and facilitate this technique, such as ureteral access sheaths (UAS) and a variety of wires and baskets. These developments, along with improved surgeon ureteroscopic competence, have often brought into question the need to implement the “traditional technique” of flexible ureteroscopy. In this review, we discuss a brief history of flexible ureteroscopy, its expanded indications, and the controversy surrounding the use of UAS, wires, and baskets. PMID:24082447

Rizkala, Emad R; Monga, Manoj

2013-01-01

462

Conical wire-array implosions on axial wire for shear flow stabilization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experiments with conical array implosions on axial wire have been initiated at NTF, in parallel with MHD modeling, as an approach to shear flow z-pinch stabilization research. The main objective is to determine and study the parameters range for which a shear flow created along the z-axis can stabilize a z-pinch plasma. In our experiments, the z-pinch to be stabilized is a single exploding wire, a load known as prone to MHD instabilities. To create the axial plasma flow, we use a conical wire array surrounding the central wire, both being powered by the pulsed power generator Zebra. An extensive set of x-ray diagnostics with time-, space-, and spectral resolution is employed in these experiments. Cylindrical array implosions on axial wire were used as reference for the performance of the conical arrays. They produce relatively cold, m=0 and m=1 unstable plasma columns around the axial wire. The conical array implosions on central wire displayed increased stability when compared with the reference cases. Warm start 2D(r,z) MHD simulations of the conical structure implosion were performed. Axially moving features were both predicted by the MHD simulations and observed experimentally.

Presura, R.; Bauer, B. S.; Kantsyrev, V. L.; Shlyaptseva, A. S.; Winterberg, F.; Fuelling, S.; Le Galloudec, N.; Paraschiv, I.; Fedin, D.; Hansen, S.; McCrorey, D.; Lebeau, H.; Ouart, N.; Rogowski, S.; Oxner, A.; Batie, S.

2001-10-01

463

Ring-Diagram Analysis: Status and Perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ring diagram analysis is now more than a decade old. While the details of the technique are still evolving, the application of the method to MDI, TON, Mt. Wilson, HLH, and GONG data is providing intriguing results. Thanks to the work of many people, it is now becoming possible to observationally infer the complicated dynamics in the outer 15 Mm of the solar convection zone, investigate the depth dependence of meridional flow, and get a closer look at zonal jet-stream structures in the mid-latitudes. We may soon be able to similarly investigate the spatio-temporal distribution of scalar fields. As ring diagrams and other local helioseismology methods such as time-distance and acoustic imaging continue to mature, the comparison of results from different techniques on common data sets will provide a useful reality check.

Hill, F.

464

Reheating Phase Diagram for Higgs Inflation  

E-print Network

We investigate the impact on the inflationary predictions from various reheating histories which are characterized by an e-folding number $N_{\\mathrm{reh}}$ and an effective equation-of-state parameter $w_{\\mathrm{reh}}$ during reheating process. For Higgs inflation with a non-minimal coupling to gravity, the predictions are obtained on the $N_{\\mathrm{reh}}\\!\\!-\\!w_{\\mathrm{reh}}$ reheating phase diagram. We find that the predictions are insensitive to reheating phase. Within the $1\\sigma$ region of the scalar spectral index $n_s$ reported by Planck 2014 Preliminary, almost all possible reheating histories are allowed on the reheating phase diagram, where Higgs inflation with canonical reheating history $w_{\\mathrm{reh}}=0$ lies near the upper edge of the $1\\sigma$ range of $n_s$. Future measurements of $n_s$ with high precision will identify the reheating physics of Higgs inflation.

Cai, Rong-Gen; Wang, Shao-Jiang

2015-01-01

465

Penguin diagrams for improved staggered fermions  

E-print Network

We calculate, at the one loop level, penguin diagrams for improved staggered fermion operators constructed using various fat links. The main result is that diagonal mixing coefficients with penguin operators are identical between the unimproved operators and the improved operators using such fat links as Fat7, Fat7+Lepage, $\\bar{\\rm Fat7}$, HYP (I) and HYP (II). In addition, it turns out that the off-diagonal mixing vanishes for those constructed using fat links of Fat7, $\\bar{\\rm Fat7}$ and HYP (II). This is a consequence of the the fact that the improvement by various fat links changes only the mixing with higher dimension operators and off-diagonal operators. The results of this paper, combined with those for current-current diagrams, provide the complete matching at the one loop level with all corrections of ${\\cal O}(g^2)$ included.

Weonjong Lee

2004-09-17

466

49 CFR 1152.10 - System diagram map.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE ABANDONMENT AND DISCONTINUANCE OF RAIL LINES AND RAIL TRANSPORTATION UNDER 49 U.S.C. 10903 System Diagram... (a) Each carrier shall prepare a diagram of its rail system on a map, designating all lines in its...

2014-10-01

467

Wire number breakthrough for high-power annular z pinches and some characteristics at high wire number  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Characteristics of annular wire array z pinches as a function of wire number and at high wire number are reviewed. The data, taken primarily using aluminum wires on Saturn, are comprehensive. The experiments have provided important insights into the features of wire-array dynamics critical for high X-ray power generation, and have initiated a renaissance in z pinches when high numbers of wires are used. In this regime, for example, radiation environments characteristic of those encountered during the early pulses required for indirect-drive ICF ignition on the NIF have been produced in hohlraums driven by X rays from a z pinch, and are commented on here.

Sanford, T. W. L.

2001-10-01

468

Representing the Study Site in a Diagram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this resource is to help students learn the skills and value of the translating complex interactions among Earth System components into a simplified diagram. Students visit a study site, where they observe and recall their existing knowledge of air, water, soil, and living things to make a list of interconnections among the four Earth system components. They make predictions about the effects of a change in a system, inferring ways these changes affect the characteristics of other related components.

The GLOBE Program, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)

2003-08-01

469

Phase diagram of two capacitively coupled Josephson  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the phase diagram of two capacitively coupled Josephson junction arrays with charging energy Ec, and Josephson coupling energy EJ in a perpendicular homogeneous magnetic field with frustration F= 1\\/2 and 1\\/3. The results are obtained using a path integral Quantum Monte Carlo algorithm. The parameter alphai that quantifies the quantum fluctuations in the i-th array is defined by

Guillermo Ramirez-Santiago; Jorge Jose v

2005-01-01

470

From Farey sequences to resonance diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Farey sequences were discovered in the beginning of the nineteenth century proving very useful in number theory. These series are found to be tightly related to tune resonance diagrams in accelerators. So far, no connection has been made between these two fields. This paper aims to serve as a bridge between these two areas of knowledge introducing the concept of resonance sequences for the most efficient exploration of the tune space.

Tomás, R.

2014-01-01

471

Instability regions in the upper HR diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following instability regions for blueward evolving-supergiants are outlined and compared. (1) Areas in the Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram where stars are dynamically unstable. (2) Areas where the effective acceleration in the upper part of the photospheres is negative, hence directed outward. (3) Areas where the sonic points of the stellar winds (where vwind=vsound) are situated inside the photospheres, at a

Cornelis de Jager; Alex Lobel; Hans Nieuwenhuijzen; Richard Stothers

2001-01-01

472

From Hubble diagrams to scale factors  

E-print Network

We present a lower bound on the radius of the universe today $a_0$ and a monotonicity constraint on the Hubble diagram. Our theoretical input is Einstein's kinematics and maximally symmetric universes. Present supernova data yield $a_0 > 1.2\\cdot 10^{26}$ m. A first attempt to quantify the monotonicity constraint is described. We do not see any indication of non-monotonicity.

Thomas Schucker; Andre Tilquin

2005-06-20

473

Mechanical phase diagram of shrinking cylindrical gels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When polymer gels are subjected to an external stimulus such as temperature or solvent change, they undergo a phase transition often driving pattern formation. In this paper, we use an elastic model to investigate the linear stability of shrinking cylindrical NIPA gels. This model exhibits bubble and bamboo patterns. The wavelengths of these patterns and their phase diagram are in agreement with the experiment of Matsuo and Tanaka [Nature (London) 358, 482 (1992)].

Boudaoud, Arezki; Chaïeb, Sahraoui

2003-08-01

474

Modeling the state diagrams of ternary reciprocal systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A model p-T diagram of a eutectic-type ternary reciprocal system is presented. An isobaric cross section in the form of a projection onto a concentration diagram is shown. Isothermic and polythermic cross sections of a eutectic-type ternary reciprocal fusibility diagram with swept faces of a tetrahedral prism are created. A projection of the diagram of a ternary reciprocal system with solid solutions based on initial components with a ternary nonstoichiometric intermediate phase is considered.

Khaldoyanidi, K. A.

2014-12-01

475

The Critical Importance of Russell's Diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The idea of dwarf and giants stars, but not the nomenclature, was first established by Eijnar Hertzsprung in 1905; his first diagrams in support appeared in 1911. In 1913 Henry Norris Russell could demonstrate the effect far more strikingly because he measured the parallaxes of many stars at Cambridge, and could plot absolute magnitude against spectral type for many points. The general concept of dwarf and giant stars was essential in the galactic structure work of Harlow Shapley, Russell's first graduate student. In order to calibrate the period-luminosity relation of Cepheid variables, he was obliged to fall back on statistical parallax using only 11 Cepheids, a very sparse sample. Here the insight provided by the Russell diagram became critical. The presence of yellow K giant stars in globular clusters credentialed his calibration of the period-luminosity relation by showing that the calibrated luminosity of the Cepheids was comparable to the luminosity of the K giants. It is well known that in 1920 Shapley did not believe in the cosmological distances of Heber Curtis' spiral nebulae. It is not so well known that in 1920 Curtis' plot of the period-luminosity relation suggests that he didn't believe it was a physical relation and also he failed to appreciate the significance of the Russell diagram for understanding the large size of the Milky Way.

Gingerich, O.

2013-04-01

476

The plutonium-oxygen phase diagram  

SciTech Connect

Identification of products formed by the reaction of plutonium metal with liquid water at 23{degree}C indicates that the plutonium-oxygen phase diagram is similar to the cerium-oxygen and praseodymium-oxygen diagrams. Quantitative measurements of H{sub 2} formation and analytical data suggest that a sequence of hydrolysis reactions produces oxide hydrides of trivalent plutonium, Pu{sub 2}O{sub 3}, mixed-valent oxides and PuO{sub 2}. The intermediate oxides are the n {equals} 7, 9, 10 and 12 members of the Pu{sub n}O{sub 2n{minus}2} homologous series. Properties of the residue formed by thermal decomposition of the initial hydrolysis product, plutonium monoxide monhydride (PuOH), are consistent with the formation of metastable plutonium monoxide. Crystal-chemical, thermodynamic, and kinetic factors are evaluated, but definitive assignment of the equilibrium Pu-O diagram is not possible. 22 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Haschke, J.M.

1990-01-01

477

Nonthermal Radio Emission and the HR Diagram  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Perhaps the most reliable indicator of non-radiative heating/momentum in a stellar atmosphere is the presence of nonthermal radio emission. To date, 77 normal stellar objects have been detected and identified as nonthermal sources. These stellar objects are tabulated herein. It is apparent that non-thermal radio emission is not ubiquitous across the HR diagram. This is clearly the case for the single stars; it is not as clear for the binaries unless the radio emission is associated with their late-type components. Choosing to make this association, the single stars and the late-type components are plotted together. The following picture emerges: (1) there are four locations on the HR diagram where non-thermal radio stars are found; (2) the peak incoherent 5 GHz luminosities show a suprisingly small range for stars within each class; (3) the fraction of stellar energy that escapes as radio emission can be estimated by comparing the integrated maximum radio luminosity to the bolometric luminosity; (4) there are no apparent differences in L sub R between binaries with two cool components, binaries with one hot and one cool component, and single stars for classes C and D; and (5) The late-type stars (classes B, C, and D) are located in parts of the HR diagram where there is reason to suspect that the surfaces of the stars are being braked with respect to their interiors.

Gibson, D. M.

1985-01-01

478

SEMPA Measurements of Ferromagnetic Nanodisk Phase Diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use Scanning Electron Microscopy with Polarization Analysis (SEMPA) to image the magnetic domain structures of ferromagnetic nanodisks with different diameters and thicknesses, and thereby determine the phase diagram of the ground state in these technologically important magnetic structures. Depending on the nanodisk dimensions, one of three distinct ground state magnetic configurations is observed: a single domain in-plane, a single domain out-of-plane, or a vortex state. In contrast to previous work, the magnetic states of individual nanodisks are determined using simultaneous SEMPA measurements of both the in-plane and out-of-plane magnetization components. By systematically imaging Permalloy nanodisks with diameters that range from 35 nm to 190 nm and with thicknesses that range from 10 nm to 65 nm, we are able to locate phase boundaries and the triple point between the three phases. Near the phase boundaries and triple point we observe a mixture of the different phases. A model magnetic phase diagram generated by using the OOMMF micromagnetic simulator is found to agree well with the phase diagram determined by the SEMPA measurements. This work is supported by the NIST-CNST/UMD-NanoCenter Cooperative Agreement.

Chung, Seok-Hwan; McMichael, Robert; Pierce, Daniel; Unguris, John

2009-03-01

479

Triangular Diagrams Teach Steady and Dynamic Behaviour of Catalytic Reactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how triangular diagrams can aid in presenting some of the rather complex transient interactions that occur among gas and surface species during heterogeneous catalytic reactions. The basic equations and numerical examples are described. Classroom use of the triangular diagram is discussed. Several diagrams and graphs are provided. (YP)

Klusacek, K.; And Others

1989-01-01

480

Correlation diagrams for rigid and nonrigid three-body systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A correlation diagram is constructed for the energy levels of a three-body system. The principle limiting cases for which the diagram is constructed are the equilateral triangle of three identical particles and the completely nonrigid cluster with pairwise harmonic forces. The artificial symmetries of these limits can be broken by conventional methods to make the diagram suitable for real molecules.

Michael E. Kellman; François Amar; R. Stephen Berry

1980-01-01

481

Hook lengths in a skew Young diagram Svante Janson  

E-print Network

Hook lengths in a skew Young diagram Svante Janson Department of Mathematics, Uppsala University PO some properties of the set of hook lengths for certain skew Young diagrams, using asymptotic obtained some properties of the set of hook lengths for certain skew Young diagrams. They prove the results

Janson, Svante

482

Composition Inference for UML Class Diagrams Ana Milanova  

E-print Network

Composition Inference for UML Class Diagrams Ana Milanova Department of Computer Science Rensselaer [23]. UML class diagrams describe the architecture of the pro- gram in terms of classes and interclass this gap, this paper pro- poses a methodology for inference of binary associations for UML class diagrams

Bystroff, Chris

483

Towards Mitigating the Complexity of System Level Design Diagrams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The automatic generation of diagrams has been practically used in the HDL based design for decades. Unfortunately, the diagrams in the system level have become too complicated for the designers to identify signal flows. In this paper, we propose three techniques to enhance the readability of the even more complicated higher level diagrams. They include i) the transformation of repetitive

Euncheol Lee; Kyosun Kim; Sang-Gu Jo; Sung-Hwan Oh

484

Fishbone Diagrams: Organize Reading Content With a "Bare Bones" Strategy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Fishbone diagrams, also known as Ishikawa diagrams or cause-and-effect diagrams, are one of the many problem-solving tools created by Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa, a University of Tokyo professor. Part of the brilliance of Ishikawa's idea resides in the simplicity

James Wandersee

2010-07-01

485

The HR Diagram of Globular Clusters: Theorist' view(s)  

E-print Network

The HR Diagram of Globular Clusters: Theorist' view(s) F. D'Antona Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Italy Abstract: I list the characteristic features of Globular Cluster (GC) HR diagrams which provide by looking at the composite HR diagram of the GC NGC 6397 shown in figure 1, and illustrated in figure 2

D'Antona, Francesca

486

MAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE HR DIAGRAM Jeffrey L. Linsky  

E-print Network

MAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE HR DIAGRAM Jeffrey L. Linsky JILA/University of Colorado and NIST Solar. What are the consequences of this behavior in a dynamic atmosphere? 1 A Tour Through the HR Diagram of the HR Diagram. Questions to ask during our tour: ffl What direct or indirect techniques can measure

Linsky, Jeffrey L.

487

Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation  

E-print Network

Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research Finite Transitions #12;Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research;Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research Goal

Vuik, Kees

488

The Use of Semantic Constraints on Diagram Editors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current software tools supporting diagramming notations are not satisfactory. Editors for diagramming notations such as State Transition Networks, Petri Nets or the Entity-Relationship data model, are always confronted with a problem: how much guidance should be given to the user throughout the editing task? Not enough guidance allows the diagram to evolve to non plausible configurations and may provoke the

J. Artur Serrano

1995-01-01

489

Dinosaur Extinction: Causal Loop Diagram of Earth Feedback System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features a causal loop diagram from system dynamics methodology showing the solar-earth-space energy flow system (the dominant flow system driving earth's surficial systems, including the biosphere) and interactive natural earthly processes that influence it. Also included is a discussion of the diagram, and a link to a page that explains how to read causal loop diagrams.

Mclean, Dewey M.; Tech, Virginia

490

Analysis of coils of wire rope arranged for passive damping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Vibration dampers constructed with multiple loops of wire rope are studied. The literature on such devices is reviewed briefly, and dynamic and static models of them are examined. Fundamental and advanced NASTRAN models for wire rope damping are considered.

Cutchins, M. A.; Cochran, J. E., Jr.; Kumar, K.; Fitz-Coy, N. G.; Tinker, M. L.

1988-01-01

491

34. William E. Barrett, Photographer, 1973. ENGINE HOUSE, WIRES FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. William E. Barrett, Photographer, 1973. ENGINE HOUSE, WIRES FROM IT, AND COMPLETE WELL DERAIL, WHEELS. - West Oil Company Endless Wire Pumping Station, U.S. Route 50 (Volcano vicinity), Petroleum, Ritchie County, WV

492

76 FR 19382 - Galvanized Steel Wire From China and Mexico  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Effective Date: March 31, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Angela Newell (202-708-5409), Office of Investigations, U...instituted in response to a petition filed on March 31, 2011, by Davis Wire Corp., Irwindale, CA; Johnstown Wire...

2011-04-07

493

VIEW NORTHEAST, LEFT BUILDING 40 WIRE WAREHOUSE (1915) RIGHT BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW NORTHEAST, LEFT BUILDING 40 WIRE WAREHOUSE (1915) RIGHT BUILDING 42 ROPE SHOP (1910) - John A. Roebling's Sons Company & American Steel & Wire Company, South Broad, Clark, Elmer, Mott & Hudson Streets, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ

494

Electric and Magnetic Forces between Parallel-Wire Conductors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses electric and magnetic forces between parallel-wire conductors and derives, in a simple fashion, order of magnitude estimates of the ratio of the likely electrostatic and electromagnetic forces for a simple parallel-wire balance. (Author/HM)

Morton, N.

1979-01-01

495

3. HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH, WIRE MILL ROAD BRIDGE UNDER CONSTRUCTION, CA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH, WIRE MILL ROAD BRIDGE UNDER CONSTRUCTION, CA. 1935. COLLECTION CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION. - Merritt Parkway, Wire Mill Road Bridge, Spanning Merritt Parkway, Stamford, Fairfield County, CT

496

New Results Force Scientists to Rethink Single-Molecule Wires  

NSF Publications Database

... wired individually to a gold electrode. Since then, researchers have studied the behavior and ... almost all wired via sulfur atoms to gold electrodes using the Lindsay group's procedure. To isolate ...

497

30 CFR 57.14160 - Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground. 57.14160 Section 57.14160...HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery...14160 Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground. Mantrips shall be covered if...

2013-07-01

498

30 CFR 57.14160 - Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground. 57.14160 Section 57.14160...HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery...14160 Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground. Mantrips shall be covered if...

2011-07-01

499

30 CFR 57.14160 - Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground. 57.14160 Section 57.14160...HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery...14160 Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground. Mantrips shall be covered if...

2014-07-01

500

30 CFR 57.14160 - Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground. 57.14160 Section 57.14160...HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery...14160 Mantrip trolley wire hazards underground. Mantrips shall be covered if...

2012-07-01