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1

Technology Foresight For Youth: A Project For Science and Technology Education in Sweden  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Technology Foresight for Youth" is a project run by two science museums, two science centres and "Technology Foresight (Sweden)" an organization in which both business and scientists are represented. The project is designed to strengthen young people's interest in ongoing technological work, research and education. It should give them confidence in their own ability both to understand today's techniques including its influence on people's daily lives, and to influence future developments. One part of the project is aimed at school teachers, teacher cooperation groups and students in the age group 12 to 18 years. A second part encourages dialog and meetings by arranging debates, seminars, theatre, science demonstrations in cooperation with business representatives and scientists. A third important part of the project is a special exhibition to be shown at the four cooperating institutions: "To be where I am not - young people's dreams about the future". The exhibition is meant to be sensual, interactive and partly virtual. It will change and grow with time as young people contribute with their thoughts, visions and challenges. Young people in different parts of the country will be able to interact electronically with each other and with the virtual part of the exhibition. The main aim of the project is to develop new interactive pedagogic methods for science and technology based on young people's own visions about the future.

Kendal, Anne Louise

2

The Origin of Foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to develop a framework for the origin of foresight. Following a review of arguments for foresight as genetically inherited versus environmentally acquired, the understanding of foresight is expanded through a behaviorist perspective and through an evolutionary perspective. The framework established makes it possible to deploy evolutionary logic to explain foresight as well as to

Martin Amsteus

2012-01-01

3

Application of the UK Foresight Obesity Model in Ireland: The Health and Economic Consequences of Projected Obesity Trends in Ireland  

PubMed Central

Background Given the scale of the current obesity epidemic and associated health consequences there has been increasing concern about the economic burden placed on society in terms of direct healthcare costs and indirect societal costs. In the Republic of Ireland these costs were estimated at €1.13 billion for 2009. The total direct healthcare costs for six major obesity related conditions (coronary heart disease & stroke, cancer, hypertension, type 2 diabetes and knee osteoarthritis) in the same year were estimated at €2.55 billion. The aim of this research is to project disease burden and direct healthcare costs for these conditions in Ireland to 2030 using the established model developed by the Health Forum (UK) for the Foresight: Tackling Obesities project. Methodology Routine data sources were used to derive incidence, prevalence, mortality and survival for six conditions as inputs for the model. The model utilises a two stage modelling process to predict future BMI rates, disease prevalence and costs. Stage 1 employs a non-linear multivariate regression model to project BMI trends; stage 2 employs a microsimulation approach to produce longitudinal projections and test the impact of interventions upon future incidence of obesity-related disease. Results Overweight and obesity are projected to reach levels of 89% and 85% in males and females respectively by 2030. This will result in an increase in the obesity related prevalence of CHD & stroke by 97%, cancers by 61% and type 2 diabetes by 21%. The direct healthcare costs associated with these increases will amount to €5.4 billion by 2030. A 5% reduction in population BMI levels by 2030 is projected to result in €495 million less being spent in obesity-related direct healthcare costs over twenty years. Discussion These findings have significant implications for policy, highlighting the need for effective strategies to prevent this avoidable health and economic burden.

Keaver, Laura; Webber, Laura; Dee, Anne; Shiely, Frances; Marsh, Tim; Balanda, Kevin; Perry, Ivan

2013-01-01

4

Science and technology foresight: a provocative tool for contending with future challenges in food safety and public veterinary medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The author describes how foresight methods can provide a provocative approach to some of the key challenges faced by the world of animal health and public veterinary practices while supporting the safety and security of the food system and public health in general. Being provocative is important because the future may be very unfamiliar and demands an approach of

Jack E. Smith

5

News & Information President Chen Yiyu Meets with Omi Professor Wang Jie Meets with NSF Assistant Director Vice President Sun Jiaguang Visited Japan and Germany on International Evaluation Vice President Shen Wenqing Meets JST Delegation Vice President Wang Jie Meets with Vice President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 12th Meeting of China-Korea Joint Committee for Basic Scientific Research Held Further Implement the Scientific Outlook for Development and Open up a New Prospect for Science Funding Panel Meeting for A3 Foresight Program 2008 held in Hangzhou Department Director's Fund for Earthquake Relief Vice President Shen Wenqing Meets IRRI Officials President Chen Yiyu Visits Taiwan Province NSFC VIP Attends the NSFC-JST Workshop 1st NSFC-JST Joint Evaluation for Funded Projects Ends Successfully NSFC Delegation Visits the U.S. Top Heads Meet at China-US Computer Science Leadership Summit President Chen Yiyu Met with Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chari Sirindhorn of Thailand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

President Chen Yiyu Meets with Omi Professor Wang Jie Meets with NSF Assistant Director Vice President Sun Jiaguang Visited Japan and Germany on International Evaluation Vice President Shen Wenqing Meets JST Delegation Vice President Wang Jie Meets with Vice President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 12th Meeting of China-Korea Joint Committee for Basic Scientific Research Held Further Implement the Scientific Outlook for Development and Open up a New Prospect for Science Funding Panel Meeting for A3 Foresight Program 2008 held in Hangzhou Department Director's Fund for Earthquake Relief Vice President Shen Wenqing Meets IRRI Officials President Chen Yiyu Visits Taiwan Province NSFC VIP Attends the NSFC-JST Workshop 1st NSFC-JST Joint Evaluation for Funded Projects Ends Successfully NSFC Delegation Visits the U.S. Top Heads Meet at China-US Computer Science Leadership Summit President Chen Yiyu Met with Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chari Sirindhorn of Thailand

2008-01-01

6

Science Fair Project Ideas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science Buddies offers free science fair project ideas, answers, and tools for students and teachers in grades K-12. With a comprehensive offering of tools from the Topic Selection Wizard to the Teachers Guide to Science Projects, Science Buddies empowers teachers and students to explore science through hands on activities that are engaging and educational.

7

Foresight in cultural evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critics of Darwinian cultural evolution frequently assert that whereas biological evolution is blind and undirected, cultural\\u000a change is directed or guided by people who possess foresight, thereby invalidating any Darwinian analysis of culture. Here\\u000a I show this argument to be erroneous and unsupported in several respects. First, critics commonly conflate human foresight\\u000a with supernatural clairvoyance, resulting in the premature rejection

Alex Mesoudi

2008-01-01

8

Science and technology foresight: a provocative tool for contending with future challenges in food safety and public veterinary medicine.  

PubMed

The author describes how foresight methods can provide a provocative approach to some of the key challenges faced by the world of animal health and public veterinary practices while supporting the safety and security of the food system and public health in general. Being provocative is important because the future may be very unfamiliar and demands an approach of critical thinking, which can best be activated by having to consider the prospective reality of one or more substantially different policy operational environments. The factors that are shaping our future may also be quite disruptive (for example from 1989 to 1994 when the Cold War abruptly ended, the Soviet Union dissolved and the internet was born). Consequently it is essential that any forward preparedness efforts explore a range of plausible options and not immediately discount those that may in today's terms appear unlikely. The author reviews the methods through to the point where scenario parameters are defined, and then switches to observations about how the process can influence and provoke policy formulation. The results of the foresight and scenarios employment are described by Willis in another paper in this volume. PMID:20411513

Smith, Jack E

2007-01-01

9

Science Project Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is designed to help students choose and prepare a science fair research project. Topics include an overview of science projects, controlled experiments, the scientific method, and reasons for planning and conducting a project. Successive pages take the user through the process of getting started, choosing a project, planning the experiment and a display for the science fair, rules and judging, and policies on the use of human subjects, animals, and pathogens and other potentially harmful agents in science fair projects. There is a gallery of photographs of prize-winning and participating science fair project displays from a Florida state science and engineering fair. A link is supplied to a page of the Society for Science and the Public site supplying forms and documents for entering the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair and for entering local and affiliated fairs.

Charles D. Lawrence, Laurence E.

2004-08-27

10

FISCAL FORESIGHT AND INFORMATION FLOWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fiscal foresight---the phenomenon that legislative and implementation lags ensure that private agents receive clear signals about the tax rates they face in the future---is intrinsic to the tax policy process. This paper develops an analytical framework to study the econometric implications of fiscal foresight. Simple theoretical examples show that foresight produces equilibrium time series with nonfundamental representations, which misalign the

Todd B. Walker Shu-Chun Susan Yang Eric M. Leepr

2008-01-01

11

Fiscal Foresight and Information Flows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fiscal foresight -- the phenomenon that legislative and implementation lags ensure that private agents receive clear signals about the tax rates they face in the future -- is intrinsic to the tax policy process. This paper develops an analytical framework to study the econometric implications of fiscal foresight. Simple theoretical examples show that foresight produces equilibrium time series with nonfundamental

Eric M. Leeper; Todd B. Walker; Shu-Chun Susan Yang

2009-01-01

12

Spike's Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over 400 science projects, drafted by a professor of Science, are published on this educational Web site. Projects from various scientific fields include animals, atoms, ecology, meteorology, microorganisms, and more. Most of the projects are fun, informative, and can be completed easily with household items.

2000-01-01

13

Environmental Science: 49 Science Fair Projects. Science Fair Projects Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 49 science fair projects designed for 6th to 9th grade students. Projects are organized by the topics of soil, ecology (projects in habitat and life cycles), pests and controls (projects in weeds and insects), recycling (projects in resources and conservation), waste products (projects in decomposition), microscopic organisms,…

Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

14

Weekend Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weekend plans...every family has them. Whether it's fishing, swimming, or simply picnicking by the river, water plays a significant role in many recreational endeavors. Encouraging students and their families to use their "scientific eyes" to explore these wonderful wet places is what Weekend Science Project is all about. Weekend Science Project

Santos, Karey

2012-01-01

15

Exploring Science Project ideas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is one page that gives resources that will help you to find ideas to do in Exploring Science. There are thousands of resources to choose from all over the internet, finding them can be challenging. Here are a list of sites that can help you get started: Science Buddies has a program that can help you find a project based on your interests. you can find it here:Science Buddies Program that suggests projects and resources based on your interests Here is a list of science fair project ideas on a university website that can hep you get ...

Macmurdo, Mr.

2009-03-11

16

WFIRST Project Science Activities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The WFIRST Project is a joint effort between GSFC and JPL. The project scientists and engineers are working with the community Science Definition Team to define the requirements and initial design of the mission. The objective is to design an observatory that meets the WFIRST science goals of the Astr02010 Decadal Survey for minimum cost. This talk will be a report of recent project activities including requirements flowdown, detector array development, science simulations, mission costing and science outreach. Details of the interim mission design relevant to scientific capabilities will be presented.

Gehrels, Neil

2012-01-01

17

Using foresight to prepare animal health today for tomorrow's challenges  

PubMed Central

Foresight has been introduced in Canada in the area of animal health as a process to broaden thinking about the future and inform policy development. Its initial use and evolution through projects and studies over the past decade are described, demonstrating real action in animal health. Despite positive, continuing, and exciting results in animal health policy development, foresight’s widespread acceptance and use thus far have been limited. Critical components for success, drawn from the Canadian experience, are described, and recommendations are offered for further action in animal health.

Willis, Norman G.; Munroe, Fonda A.; Empringham, R. Edward; Renwick, Shane A.; Van der Linden, Ingrid W.M.; Dunlop, James R.

2011-01-01

18

Open Directory Project: Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Open Directory Project is a volunteer-edited directory of the Web. This section of the site enables the user to browse the Directory's Science pages. The links are organized alphabetically by type (academic departments, chat rooms and forums, educational resources, news and media, and so forth) and by topic (agriculture, astronomy, biology, chemistry, computer science, Earth sciences, and so forth). From this page users can also search either the entire Directory, the Science section, or a topical subsection of Science. The page also offers browsing of similarly organized Science links in a choice of 74 languages, including Arabic, Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

2001-02-17

19

Foresight Institute: Nanotechnology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Foresight Institute is "a nonprofit educational organization formed to help prepare society for anticipated advanced technologies." They offer this comprehensive webpage on nanotechnology, addressing why nanotechnology might be important to you, and providing information for the General Reader, the Technical Reader and other resources on technical issues, jobs, education, policy issues, potential applications of nanotechnology, and the History of the Nanotechnology Idea. Other readings, discussion platforms and websites are also listed.

20

Geographic Information Science Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Foothill College and the Using a Web-Based GIS to Teach Problem-Based Science in High School and College project, this pdf contains a syllabus for a course titled Geographic Information Science Project. The objective of the course is to introduce students to a variety of projects including "constructing a Web GIS site, building a GIS or image database, and conducting a GIS or remote sensing analysis." The project is the main component of the course and students gain significant experience working in teams.

2012-05-04

21

Molecular Science Project, The  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Molecular Science Project is an NSF systemic-reform initiative. Molecular Science has developed digital instructional materials and tools for college-level chemistry courses. Instructors can select learning units and use them to supplement traditional instruction or as the sole source of instruction in electronic classrooms.

22

The Science Club: Kids' Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of science projects covers electricity and magnets, optics, and other physical science topics. The projects are arranged by simple, medium, and advanced skill levels, and include videos that show the materials used and how the experiment is performed. There are also links to other science project websites and to sites where materials for the projects may be purchased.

Beaty, William J.

23

Science Fair Projects: Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose.Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or sometimes

Helen Reynolds

2000-01-01

24

Science Explorers Translation Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a pilot project of Los Alamos National Laboratory (New Mexico) to translate a science education curriculum for junior and senior high school students into Navajo. The project consisted of translating a video, a teacher's guide, and an interactive multimedia product on the 1993 hantavirus outbreak in the Four Corners area…

Jacobs, Dolores

25

Project Earth Science: Astronomy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The hands-on, teacher-tested activities in Project Earth Science: Astronomy brings the sometimes daunting concepts of astronomy down to Earth. Background information, supplementary readings, and suggestions for integrating other disciplines provide the teacher with a framework to launch a successful introduction to astronomy. Students will discover Earth's uniqueness by examining it as a part of the whole--one planet within our Solar System. How did the planets form? Are we seeing a star's present or past? Why is Earth's distance from the Sun so important? Project Earth Science: Astronomy will lead you and your students on an exploration that takes you to the stars and back.

Smith, P. S.

2001-01-01

26

Foresight as a triple helix of industry, university and government relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper attempts to interpret Foresight in the light of the Triple Helix concept. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper explores, in the light of the Triple Helix framework, the architecture of a Technology Foresight project which was carried out in Piemonte (Italy) in 2006, where government, firms, universities, research organizations and financial institutions were gathered to discuss on the

Elisa Ughetto

2007-01-01

27

Community foresight for urban sustainability: Insights from the Citizens Science for Sustainability (SuScit) project  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key strength of backcasting is arguably the emphasis it places upon envisaging longer-term distant futures, allowing participants and users to think beyond incremental changes in their current lived experience and to embrace the more radical and disruptive socio-technical changes which may be necessary to deliver sustainability. In so doing, however, backcasting may run the risk of obscuring significant differences

Malcolm Eames; Jonas Egmose

2011-01-01

28

Science Made Simple: Science fair projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides science projects and experiments that use common household materials to explain why the sky is blue, why leaves change colors, what static electricity is, and how animals hibernate. There is a section on current science news and a tool for online measurement conversions. A newsletter is available by subscription that provides science information for teachers and parents ten times per year.

29

Space Science Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to the literature on space science projects is not necessarily intended to be a comprehensive bibliography. It is designed to provide the reader with a set of resources that can be used to focus on the topic. The document lists the subject headings used by the Library of Congress in cataloging information on space science projects. It…

Carter, Constance, Comp.

30

Astronomy Science Fair Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

``Extrasolar Planet Transit", ``Lightcurve of a Variable Star", and ``Retrograde Motion of Mars" are some of the titles of high school students' projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. TOPS (Toward Other Planetary Systems) teachers who participated in the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy summer outreach program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech mentored their students. After attending the 3-week National Science Foundation Institute for several summers since 1999, these teachers in the summer of 2003 were trained to do observing plans to obtain images from telescopes, use image processing software MIRA for photometry, and produce light curves of variable stars and extrasolar planet transits. Others used the software ``Astrometrica" to do astrometry of Kuiper Belt Objects. Using Compaq laptop computers on long term loan, our teachers mentored students for astronomy projects during the 2003-2004 school year. These students made observing plans for images from the 31inch Lowell Telescope in Arizona and/or from the 2.2m University of Hawaii Telescope at Mauna Kea Observatory. Learning about filters, exposure time, magnitude, frequency of taking CCD images, and ephemeris required many iterations between students, teachers, and astronomers and graduate students who were assisting. Poor weather conditions and other frustrations exposed the students to the realities of research. However, they were rewarded with projects that impressed the judges and that will be described.

Pittichová, J.; Kadooka, M.-A.; Meech, K. J.

2004-12-01

31

Papers: Sixth Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Foresight Institute has made available links to full papers submitted to the Sixth Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology. This conference was held November 12-15, 1998, in Santa Clara, California.

1998-01-01

32

Project Earth Science: Geology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Now you can literally explain what it's like "between a rock and a hard place!" Use Project Earth Science: Geology to introduce your students to plate tectonics and teach them what causes volcanoes and earthquakes. Lead explorations of these and other larger-than-the-classroom geological phenomena with the teacher-tested, Standards -based activities. Earth's physical evolution and dynamic processes are carefully explained in language accessible to students and teachers. Supplemental readings provide educators with the background information to answer student questions and concerns.

Ford, Brent A.

2001-01-01

33

Project Earth Science: Physical Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Immerse your students in Earth's most abundant resource--water. Embark on a voyage of discovery as you steer your students through activities designed to teach them about currents, waves, and tides. From an understanding of the properties that make water unique, your students will get a global view of the marine environment, including the impact of human activities on the oceans. This book is one of four in NSTA's popular Project Earth Science series. The other books are Project Earth Science:Geology, Project Earth Science:Astronomy, and Project Earth Science:Meteorology .

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. S.

2000-01-01

34

Environmental Science Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography cites sources to assist middle, junior, and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, and executing science fair projects in the environmental sciences. In addition, a few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students are included. The listing includes: (1) 5 introductory texts; (2) 31…

Carter, Constance, Comp.

35

Science Fair Projects: The Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book approaches the development of science fair projects from the point of view that science should be enjoyable, interesting, and thought-provoking. The scientific concepts introduced here will later help young students to understand more advanced scientific principles. These projects develop skills such as classification, making measured…

Bonnet, Bob; Keen, Dan

36

Acid Rain: Science Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too often science seems to be a matter of studying from books and responding to questions raised by teachers about the information either in the classroom or on examinations. Such a view of science misses its importance as a way of thinking, doing, and preparing for citizenship roles. The problems and activities included in this volume are…

Hessler, Edward W.; Stubbs, Harriett S.

37

Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography assists junior and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, executing, and evaluating science fair projects. A few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students are listed. This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography but is designed to put the reader "on target."…

Carter, Constance, Comp.

38

Space Science Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents sources to assist elementary and secondary school students and teachers in planning, preparing, and executing projects in the space sciences. Bibliographies for the following sections are included: (1) Basic Texts, (2) Specialized Texts, (3) Classroom Experiments and Activities, (4) Background Readings, (5) Related Titles,…

Carter, Constance, Comp.; Howland, Joyce, Comp.

39

Teacher Opinions Concerning Science Projects and Science Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys about science projects and science fairs of (n=191) high school science department chairpersons found strong support for preservice training in structuring independent science research projects, belief that doing science research projects taught lessons that could not be duplicated by classroom instruction, and a slight majority agreement…

Grote, Michael

1995-01-01

40

Research Ideas for Science Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was developed for use in India and is adapted from "Ideas for Science Investigations" by Victor M. Showalter and Irwin L. Slesnick. It is a source book of ideas for student research projects. Three model projects are described, illustrating different approaches taken by three students to the investigation of the rise of sap in plants.…

Goyal, K. C.; Swami, Piyush

41

Science; Elementary Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Elementary grades. SUBJECT MATTER: Science. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The first half of the guide is divided into seven phases which appear to be consecutive. Commercially published units listed in these phases are then described briefly in a list which occupies the second half of the guide. The guide is xeroxed and…

Keeler, Douglas; And Others

42

Science and Engineering Workforce Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science and Engineering Workforce Project (SEWP) brings together labor economists and other researchers on topics such as wage levels, education and recruitment, graduate student unionization, scientific competition and collaboration. The project researchers conduct basic research and provide government, business, and labor "with objective and timely analyses of scientific workforce issues." The website provides information on relevant fellowship opportunities, biographies and websites for project participants, and links to relevant stakeholders, including federal agencies and professional employer groups. A few papers from the project are posted, but the site is still under construction. The most recent posting includes a briefing book from the project's workshop on societal implications of nanoscience and nonotechnology.

43

Science Fair Project Resource Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Guides student progress on science fair projects, providing links to online resources for each step in the process: choosing a topic, understanding the scientific method, posing a good question, finding resources or asking experts for information. Plus, recommends links with tips for preparation of student papers displays and presentations. And, provides a list of links are like handbooks, taking students through all the steps.

44

Astrobiology Student Science Fair Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extrasolar Planet Transit and The Light Curve of a Variable Star are some titles of high school student projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. These students were mentored by teachers who participated in the UH Institute for Astronomy Toward Other Planetary Systems summer program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech. After attending several 3-week TOPS NSF

M. Kadooka; K. J. Meech

2004-01-01

45

Neutron science research project in JAERI  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conception of Neutron Science Research Project (NSRP) has been proposed in Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) since 1994 for its future big science project. The project aims at exploring new basic science and nuclear energy science by using a high-intensity proton accelerator. NSRP is a complex composed of a powerful superconducting proton linac, the target systems which convert

Y. Suzuki; Y. Oyama; T. Sasa; K. Suzuki; H. Yasuda; T. Tone; T. Takizuka; M. Mizumoto; N. Watanabe; T. Mukaiyama

1997-01-01

46

Science Fair Project Index 1973-1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1973 through 1980. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

Akron - Summit County Public Library, OH.

47

Science Fair Project Index 1981-1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1981 through 1984. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

Bishop, Cynthia, Ed.; Crowe, Deborah, Ed.

48

Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Alabama A and M University Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project (Project SIP) was instituted to improve the science knowledge of elementary and middle school teachers using the experimental or hands-on approach. Summer workshops we...

S. Y. Mcguire

1989-01-01

49

NEW IDEAS FOR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS GUIDE FOR THE SCIENCE FAIR PARTICIPANTS BEGINS WITH A CHAPTER ON THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND THE SCIENCE FAIR, AND CONTINUES THROUGH THE FIVE CHAPTERS OF PART ONE, PLANNING AND EXECUTING YOUR PROJECT, TO EXPLAIN THE DETAILS INVOLVED IN SELECTING, DEVELOPING, AND EXHIBITING A PROJECT. PART II OF THE VOLUME CONSIDERS THE STRUCTURE OF SCIENCE

FARMER, ROBERT A.; SAWYER, ROGER WILLIAMS

50

Science Fair Scene: Turning Ideas into Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the steps necessary to conduct a science fair project and examines two specific examples of how a basic idea for a science fair topic can be followed to its completion. Provides examples of day-to-day operational science in a basic botany project and a lunar geography project. (JJK)

McQueen, David R.

1991-01-01

51

NEED Project: Science of Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a curriculum unit for middle school designed to introduce energy as a physics concept in five class sessions. It meets multiple NextGen Science standards through hands-on lab stations. Students investigate energy transfer, storage of energy, the difference between "energy forms" and "energy sources", and trace energy flow through systems. Creative activities include "Happy Sphere, Sad Sphere" for exploring kinetic vs. potential energy; solar panels and glow toys to learn about transformation of radiant energy; "Memory Metal" (nitinol wire) to explore how thermal energy is transformed into motion; and light sticks to investigate chemical energy transformation. Each activity includes Teachers Guide, background information, detailed lesson plans, glossary, and example assessments. A full set of materials can be purchased from NEED or easily obtained through science supply retailers. The NEED Project is a national initiative to bring innovative curriculum materials in energy education to teachers and learners from the primary grades through college.

52

Teacher Opinions Concerning Science Projects and Science Fairs1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 20-question Likert scale and a brief questionnaire concerning science projects and science fairs were sent to approximately 600 randomly-selected high school science department chairpersons in Ohio. Slightly over 30% of the sample returned the survey. Respondents preferred having students do projects as individuals, although working in pairs was nearly as acceptable. Respondents strongly supported pre- service training in structuring

MICHAEL GROTI

1995-01-01

53

THE ROLE OF FORESIGHT EXPERIENCE IN THE PROMOTION OF BRAZIL'S NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Brazil, the adaptation of the Foresight approach in order to provide knowledge to support the policy-making process and decision making on science, technology and innovation is a quite interesting experience. It shows that there is an increasing use of prospective methods and techniques by the Brazilian organizations, especially to help define research priorities and strategies, as well as to

D. M. SANTOS; L. FELLOWS FILHO

54

The Age Shift: Priorities for Action. Ageing Population Panel. Foresight: Making the Future Work for You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Foresight Ageing Population Panel, which included representatives of business, government, the science base, and other experts from the United Kingdom, was charged with examining trends in the United Kingdom's population and the other drivers of change that will operate in the next 20-30 years. The panel discussed the likely impacts of the…

Department of Trade and Industry, London (England).

55

Science Fair Projects: Teaching Science or Something Else?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frequently, science fair projects have little relevance to the goals of science. Criteria for judging projects are not evident to students, parents, judges, and other participants. Listed are seven steps to a better fair project which emphasize methodology and presentation. Also included are hints for involving parents. (DC)

Cornell, Elizabeth A.

1981-01-01

56

Science Projects in Biology. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sources to assist junior and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, and executing science fair projects in the biological science are cited here, as well as a few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students. (AA)

Carter, Constance, Comp.; Wilson, Alana, Comp.

57

Corporate Involvement Fuels Science Education Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Association for the Advancement of Science is involved in projects to capitalize on resources the scientific community can share with schools. Projects and sponsors include "The National Forum for School Science" (Carnegie Corporation), "Challenge of the Unknown" (Phillips Petroleum), and "Science Resources for Schools" (Standard Oil…

Wrather, Joan

1985-01-01

58

How do episodic and semantic memory contribute to episodic foresight in young children?  

PubMed Central

Humans are able to transcend the present and mentally travel to another time, place, or perspective. Mentally projecting ourselves backwards (i.e., episodic memory) or forwards (i.e., episodic foresight) in time are crucial characteristics of the human memory system. Indeed, over the past few years, episodic memory has been argued to be involved both in our capacity to retrieve our personal past experiences and in our ability to imagine and foresee future scenarios. However, recent theory and findings suggest that semantic memory also plays a significant role in imagining future scenarios. We draw on Tulving’s definition of episodic and semantic memory to provide a critical analysis of their role in episodic foresight tasks described in the developmental literature. We conclude by suggesting future directions of research that could further our understanding of how both episodic memory and semantic memory are intimately connected to episodic foresight.

Martin-Ordas, Gema; Atance, Cristina M.; Caza, Julian S.

2014-01-01

59

ELMO Project: Science Instruction for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ELMO (Embedded Learning Modules) curriculum reform project has designed science curricula for specific nonscience students that fulfill core requirements and demonstrate how science can be engaging and relevant. ELMO students experience science through active learning and group activities that encourage them to make connections between science

Hersek, Marta; Gross, Nicholas A.; Mason, Emanuel J.; Bansil, Arun

2006-01-01

60

ELMO Project: Science Instruction for Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ELMO (Embedded Learning MOdules) curriculum reform project has designed science curricula for specific nonscience students that fulfill core requirements and demonstrate how science can be engaging and relevant. ELMO students experience science through active learning and group activities that encourage them to make connections between science and their disciplinary interests.

Bansil, Arun; Mason, Emanuel J.; Hersek, Marta; Gross, Nicholas A.

2006-01-01

61

4-H Textile Science Textile Arts Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three 4-H textile arts projects for students in the textile sciences area. The projects cover weaving, knitting, and crocheting. Each project provides an overview of what the student will learn, what materials are needed, and suggested projects for the area. Projects can be adapted for beginning, intermediate, or advanced…

Scholl, Jan

62

Gypsum: A School-Industry Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the British Gypsum, a school-industry science project, designed to link the school with local industry. Teaching strategy, some experiments, and evaluation of the project are also included. (HM)

May, P. F.; And Others

1980-01-01

63

Science 2.0: Project Climate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this issue's "New Web Tools and Technology" theme, the authors thought it appropriate to showcase one innovative web project in depth. Ben Wildeboer, a science teacher in Connecticut, agreed to talk with them about student blogging and his Project

Brunsell, Eric; Horejsi, Martin

2010-10-01

64

Foresight: Definition and Need for Arizona Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the working papers in the final report of the Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and Competitiveness, this document discusses the importance of foresight (a broad based, future-oriented evaluation) for Arizona's universities. Institutions of all types must recognize varying degrees of a need to base their…

Caldwell, Roger L.

65

Educated Foresight for the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To deal with the rapidly germinating technosocial climates of the twentieth century, educators must develop "educational foresight." Schools' challenges will include changes in structural organization and staff deployment, a reformulated curriculum and schedule, and new "waves" of microelectronics and information to help process and apply the…

Shane, Harold G.

1989-01-01

66

4-H Textile Science Advanced Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains two advanced-level 4-H sewing projects for students in the textile sciences area. The projects cover the advanced sewing techniques of tailoring and making formalwear. Each project provides an overview of what the student will learn, what materials are needed, and suggested projects for the area. A step-by-step plan for doing…

Scholl, Jan

67

4-H Textile Science Creative Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains four 4-H creative projects for students in the textile sciences area, on the following topics: design, closet organization, clothes shopping, and wardrobe planning. Each project provides an overview of what the student will learn, what materials are needed, and suggested projects for the area. Projects can be adapted for…

Scholl, Jan

68

4-H Textile Science Beginner Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three 4-H projects for students beginning the sewing sequence of the textile sciences area. The projects cover basics of sewing using sewing machines, more difficult sewing machine techniques, and hand sewing. Each project provides an overview of what the student will learn, what materials are needed, and suggested projects

Scholl, Jan

69

4-H Textile Science Intermediate Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains six intermediate-level 4-H sewing projects for students in the textile sciences area. The projects cover the following topics: intermediate sewing techniques including sewing with knits, making coordinates, making accessories, sewing for other projects and people, time-saving sewing techniques, and creating your own project.…

Scholl, Jan

70

Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sources listed in this document are selected to provide guidance to students, parents, and teachers throughout the process of planning, developing, implementing, and competing in science fair activities. While sources range in suitability from elementary to high school levels, the emphasis is on materials for grades 9-12. This guide updates LC…

Howland, Joyce, Comp.

71

Group Projects and the Computer Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group projects in computer science are normally delivered with reference to good software engineering practice. The discipline of software engineering is rapidly evolving, and the application of the latest 'agile techniques' to group projects causes a potential conflict with constraints imposed by regulating bodies on the computer science

Joy, Mike

2005-01-01

72

Project SPARC: Kindling Writing in Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Project SPARC (Science Projects across the Regents Curriculum), a two-week summer workshop for middle and high school science teachers, who studied the ecology of wetlands with a biologist and participated in writing and reading activities with a language arts specialist. (SR)

Pottle, Jean L.

1992-01-01

73

Commentary: The Value of Science Research Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this month's Commentary, the value of science research projects is emphasized. The authors of this article have found that conservatively such projects could potentially have a positive impact on curricular requirements, regardless of the perception that science projects should be complex and difficult or that they should be limited only to students who continue their education beyond high school. They effectively illustrate the benefits of science projects as an alternative learning path for all students, where they acquire critical thinking skills and other components of inquiry-based instruction.

Frisby, Al; Mccurdy, Dennis

2005-04-01

74

Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School (PASS) Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School Project (PASS) Project was granted a one-year no cost extension for 2001-2002. In year three of the project, objectives and strategies were modified based on the previous year-end evaluation. The recommendations w...

C. D. Coleman

2002-01-01

75

The Orono Science Project. Enriched Science for Gifted Cluster Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This package includes compaction plans, enrichment opportunities designed to be substituted for the basic science curriculum already mastered, and extensive bibliographies of materials and books for gifted students in the Orono (Minnesota) school district. The project focused on training seven science teachers for cluster teaching of students…

Rogers, Karen B., Ed.

76

Private Universe Project in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of nine video-based workshops developed to help teachers identify and implement strategies that help students deeply learn abstract science content. Be prepared for a surprise: each video includes footage of college graduates from prestigious universities who have retained grossly erroneous conceptions about fundamental science topics that are typically covered in grades K-8. How could they have graduated from top institutions with these deeply-ingrained misconceptions? The videos demonstrate how a student's preconceived ideas can pose critical barriers to learning science. Next, they introduce educational research about how students learn science and provide strategies for overcoming misconception to allow for new (and correct) understanding. Topics explored in the videos include: electricity, photosynthesis, the seasons, chemistry, geometric optics, environmental science, gravity, and more.

2012-11-30

77

Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School (PASS) Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School Project (PASS) Project was granted a one-year no cost extension for 2001-2002. In year three of the project, objectives and strategies were modified based on the previous year-end evaluation. The recommendations were incorporated and the program was replicated within most of the remaining elementary schools in Portsmouth, Virginia and continued in the four middle schools. The Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School Project is a partnership, which includes Norfolk State University, Cooperating Hampton Roads Organizations for Minorities in Engineering (CHROME), NASA Langley Research Center, and the City of Portsmouth, Virginia Public Schools. The project seeks to strengthen the knowledge of Portsmouth Public Schools students in the field of atmospheric sciences and enhance teacher awareness of hands on activities in the atmospheric sciences. The project specifically seeks to: 1) increase the interest and participation of elementary and middle school students in science and mathematics; 2) strengthen existing science programs; and 3) facilitate greater achievement in core subjects, which are necessary for math, science, and technical careers. Emphasis was placed on providing training activities, materials and resources for elementary students (grades 3 - 5) and middle school students (grades 6 - 8), and teachers through a CHROME club structure. The first year of the project focused on introducing elementary students to concepts and activities in atmospheric science. Year two of the project built on the first year's activities and utilizes advanced topics and activities appropriate for middle school students. During the third year of the project, in addition to the approaches used in years one and two, emphasis was placed on activities that enhanced the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL).

Coleman, Clarence D.; Hathaway, Roger (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

78

Project-Based Science Instruction: A Primer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project-based science (PBS) instruction can simply be defined as a student-centered science teaching approach, in which students produce tangible learning outcomes by posing and answering research questions that are relevant to their own lives and communities. In a PBS classroom, students are encouraged to take responsibility for their own learning. This article provides an introduction to PBS instruction for both beginning and veteran science teachers who are interested in implementing this approach in their classrooms.

Colley, Kabba

2008-11-01

79

Designing Appropriate Scaffolding for Student Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The authors have developed a successful approach to teaching and inspiring undergraduate science and nonscience majors to complete creditable, semester-long, hands-on science research projects. This approach utilizes a carefully developed scaffolding consisting of in-class exercises and discussions, preparatory homework and lab events, and three well-calibrated milestones prior to submission of students' final report. This scaffolding has increased student confidence and the caliber of final projects.

Johnson, Marie; Smith, Mark

2008-12-01

80

Health sciences library building projects, 1998 survey.  

PubMed Central

Twenty-eight health sciences library building projects are briefly described, including twelve new buildings and sixteen additions, remodelings, and renovations. The libraries range in size from 2,144 square feet to 190,000 gross square feet. Twelve libraries are described in detail. These include three hospital libraries, one information center sponsored by ten institutions, and eight academic health sciences libraries. Images

Bowden, V M

1999-01-01

81

Science Sampler: Global Warming Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To address the issue of global warming locally, the author developed an inquiry-based project to examine the impact of the school's traffic situation on climate change. In this project, students collected data in the parking lot/driveway, researched green

Blough, Christopher

2009-11-01

82

BOOK REVIEW: Science Fair Projects: Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose. Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or

Bob Bonnet; Dan Keen

2000-01-01

83

The Atlantic Science Curriculum Project in Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Atlantic Science Curriculum Project was launched in 1976 at the Atlantic Institute of Education in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, as a regional initiative. This account of the project provides its aims, its experience, and its lessons for others similarly engaged in the task of improving curriculum and instruction. This paper was written at a…

McFadden, C.

84

Useful Science Projects...from Edison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background information, lists of materials needed, and detailed procedures are provided for five science projects. These projects involve constructing and using: (1) an electric pencil; (2) a buzzer to send coded messages; (3) a battery which produces light; (4) a radio that plays for free; and (5) a supersensitive cigar-box microphone. Diagrams…

Schultz, Robert F.

85

The Thinking Machine: A Physical Science Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science projects can be a wonderful opportunity for learning and creativity, or a gigantic headache for teachers. After several years of implementation, experience, and revision, the author has put together a fun and engaging project centered on machines that is appropriate for middle school students. This project came to be known simply as "The Thinking Machine Project," which draws its origin from the national Rube Goldberg Machine competition held each year at Purdue University. Here is one way to bring technology, writing, drawing, creativity, and hands-on ingenuity together in a single fun and successful project.

Jarrard, Amber

2008-11-01

86

Science Sampler: A (minty) fresh approach to science fair projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many students are excited at the prospect of doing a science fair project, but they don't know how to go about asking an appropriate question or designing an experiment to answer their question. This class activity allows students to quickly "do" a class science fair project in order to see how it's done. It's also a great way to introduce concepts of controlling variables and testing multiple subjects using an inexpensive breath mint. Even if you do not do science fair projects with your class, this is a terrific activity for the beginning of the year as an introduction to the process of scientific inquiry. Students discover how to ask a simple question and collect data to answer it in a step-by-step fashion.

Balter, Nancy

2007-02-01

87

Tohoku Women's Hurdling Project: Science Angels (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tohoku University was the first National University to admit three women students in Japan in 1913. To support the university's traditional ``open-door'' policy, various projects have been promoted throughout the university since its foundation. A government plan, the Third-Stage Basic Plan for Science and Technology, aims to increase the women scientist ratio up to 25% nationwide. In order to achieve this goal, the Tohoku Women's Hurdling Project, funded by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), was adopted in 2006. This project is threefold: support for child/family, improvement of facilities, and support for the next generation, which includes our Science Angels program. ``Science Angels'' are women PhD students appointed by the university president, with the mission to form a strong support system among each other and to become role-models to inspire younger students who want to become researchers. Currently, 50 women graduate students of the natural sciences are Science Angels and are encouraged to design and deliver lectures in their areas of specialty at their alma maters. Up to now, 12 lectures have been delivered and science events for children in our community have been held-all with great success.

Mizuki, Kotoe; Watanabe, Mayuko

2009-04-01

88

EPSE Project 3: Teaching Pupils "Ideas-about-Science."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on Project 3 from the Evidence-based Practice in Science Education (EPSE) Research Network. This project explores issues surrounding the inability of many science teachers to enable students to understand the nature of science. (DDR)

Osborne, Jonathan; Ratcliffe, Mary; Bartholomew, Hannah; Collins, Sue; Duschl, Rick

2002-01-01

89

Creating young scientists through community science projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aimed to develop an STS-based learning unit on biological control to enhance scientific inquiry capability of secondary school students through community science projects. It was framed by the science-technology-society (STS) teaching approach, and focused on collaboration between individual students, peers, teachers, agriculturists, and local experts. Students were assessed for their scientific inquiry ability at the beginning and the

Kanrawee Pewnim; Watcharee Ketpichainarong; Bhinyo Panijpan; Pintip Ruenwongsa

2011-01-01

90

PROTON LINAC DEVELOPMENT FOR NEUTRON SCIENCE PROJECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high intensity proton linear accelerator with an energy of ~1GeV and a beam power of several MW has been proposed for the Neutron Science Project (NSP) at JAERI. The objective of the NSP is to explore technologies for accelerator driven radioactive nuclear waste transmutation based on proton induced spallation neutrons as a part of the nation-wide project called the

M. Mizumoto; J. Kusano; K. Hasegawa; N. Ouchi; H. Oguri; T. Tomisawa; T. Ito; E. Chishiro; M. Ikegami; K. Mukugi; N. Akaoka; O. Takeda; H. Takado

91

Recent health sciences library building projects.  

PubMed

Librarians were asked to submit information for an annual architectural feature on projected, partially funded, architect selected, nearly designed, bid completed, under construction, almost finished, or recently completed library construction. Thirty-two health sciences libraries reported expansion, construction of new facilities, or construction planning. Seven building programs were identified as projected, or in predesign or design stages. Five projects were new, stand-alone structures in which the library occupies all or a major portion of the space. Nine projects were part of new construction for several separately administered units in which the library is a major tenant. Eleven projects involved additions to or renovations of existing space. Seven projects are presented as illustrative of current library construction. PMID:1998824

Ludwig, L T

1991-01-01

92

Recent health sciences library building projects.  

PubMed Central

Librarians were asked to submit information for an annual architectural feature on projected, partially funded, architect selected, nearly designed, bid completed, under construction, almost finished, or recently completed library construction. Thirty-two health sciences libraries reported expansion, construction of new facilities, or construction planning. Seven building programs were identified as projected, or in predesign or design stages. Five projects were new, stand-alone structures in which the library occupies all or a major portion of the space. Nine projects were part of new construction for several separately administered units in which the library is a major tenant. Eleven projects involved additions to or renovations of existing space. Seven projects are presented as illustrative of current library construction. Images

Ludwig, L T

1991-01-01

93

Science Sampler: Analogy of the cell project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this inquiry-based science project, students compare the makeup of a cell to an everyday working unit or system and create a three-dimensional object that represents their analogy. In addition, students select five specific organelles to include in their analogy.

Ward, Lacie

2005-07-01

94

Physically Handicapped in Science: Final Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-year project was conducted by St. Mary's Junior College to improve the science literacy of visually-impaired students (VIS) through the adaptation of instructional methods and materials. A four-step process was used: (1) learning materials were reviewed to identify problem areas; (2) preliminary adaptations were made based on the review; (3)…

O'Brien, Maureen B.; And Others

95

Science Buddies: Variables in Your Science Fair Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Buddies website aims to promote deep understanding of scientific research through student science fair projects. This segment of the website provides explicit help in understanding variables and designing a fair test. The page includes: 1) Background information: What are variables in scientific inquiry and why is it important to identify them? 2) Eight short examples of scientific questions with independent and dependent variables identified. 3) Sample write-up of a simple experiment with hypothesis, experimental groups described, and variables to be controlled 4) Student checklist for selecting good variables

2013-09-17

96

Conceptual Surveys for Zooniverse Citizen Science Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Citizen Science projects developed by Zooniverse allow volunteers to contribute to scientific research in a meaningful way by working with actual scientific data. In the Moon Zoo Citizen Science project volunteers classify geomorphological features in images from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, and in the Galaxy Zoo project volunteers classify galaxies from SDSS-III and Hubble images. We created two surveys, the Lunar Cratering Concept Inventory (LCCI), and the Zooniverse Astronomy Concept Inventory (ZACS) to measure the impact that participation in Moon Zoo has on user conceptual knowledge. We describe how the survey was developed and validated in collaboration with education researchers and astronomers. The instrument was administered to measure changes to user conceptual knowledge as they gain experience with Moon Zoo. We discuss preliminary data analysis and how these results were used to change implementation of the survey to improve results. This material is based in part upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0715517, a CCLI Phase III Grant for the Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars (CATS). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Cormier, Sebastien; Prather, E. E.; Brissenden, G.; Lintott, C.; Gay, P. L.; Raddick, J.; Collaboration of Astronomy Teaching Scholars CATS

2012-01-01

97

The role of spatial foresight in models of hominin dispersal.  

PubMed

Increasingly sophisticated hominin cognition is assumed to play an important role in major dispersal events but it is unclear what that role is. We present an agent-based model showing that there is a close relationship between level of foresight, environmental heterogeneity, and population dispersibility. We explore the dynamics between these three factors and discuss how they may affect the capacity of a hominin population to disperse. Generally, we find that high levels of environmental heterogeneity select for increased foresight and that high levels of foresight tend to reduce dispersibility. This suggests that cognitively complex hominins in heterogeneous environments have low dispersibility relative to cognitively less complex organisms in more homogeneous environments. The model predicts that the environments leading up to major episodes of dispersal, such as the initial hominin dispersal into Eurasia, were likely relatively low in spatial heterogeneity and that the dispersing hominins had relatively low foresight. PMID:24613470

Wren, Colin D; Xue, Julian Z; Costopoulos, Andre; Burke, Ariane

2014-04-01

98

Health sciences library building projects: 1995 survey.  

PubMed Central

The Medical Library Association's fifth annual survey of recent health sciences library building projects identified twenty-five libraries planning, expanding, or constructing new library facilities. None of the fifteen new library projects are free standing structures; however, several occupy a major portion of the project space. Ten projects involve renovation of or addition to existing space. Information regarding size, cost of project, type of construction, completion date, and other factual data was provided for twelve projects. The remaining identified projects are in pre-design or early-design stages, or are awaiting funding approval. Library building projects for three hospital libraries, three academic medical libraries, and an association library are described. Each illustrates how considerations of economics and technology are changing the traditional library model from a centrally stored information depository housing a wide range of information under one roof where users come to the information, into an electronic model gradually shifting from investment in the physical presence of resources to investment in creating work space for creditible information specialists who help in-house and distanced users to obtain information electronically from any place and at any time. This new model includes a highly skilled library team to manage, filter, and package the information to users trained by these resident experts. Images

Ludwig, L

1996-01-01

99

Experimental Science Projects: An Introductory Level Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

David Morano, Associate Professor at Mankato State University, has put together this introductory resource on experimental science projects. Organized into fourteen sections, this guide walks the user through the basics of hypothesis testing, from the inception of an idea through its experimental test. For each section, a brief summary is provided: Observations, Information Gathering, Title, Purpose, Hypothesis, Procedure, Materials, Data, Recording Observations, Results, Calculations, Questions, and Conclusions. To illustrate the process outlined in the guide, the site includes an example of a science project (The Effect of Salt on the Boiling Temperature of Water), with explanations of how thinking is formulated (or tested) at each stage. This resource is simple in format and will be a useful learning tool for honing critical thinking in beginning scientists.

100

AMANDA science project at South Pole  

NSF Publications Database

Title : AMANDA science project at South Pole Type : Antarctic EAM NSF Org: OD / OPP Date : June 23, 1993 File : opp93109 AMANDA Environmental Impact Assessment AMANDA or the Antarctic-Muon-and-Neutrino-Detector-Array would be one of the first experiments designed to do neutrino astronomy. Project Schedule Current plans would call for the construction of the AMANDA laboratory in the new AMANDA/CARA building and the drilling of the AMANDA holes to start as soon as possible after the November 1,...

101

Joint Science Education Project: Learning about polar science in Greenland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Science Education Project (JSEP) is a successful summer science and culture opportunity in which students and teachers from the United States, Denmark, and Greenland come together to learn about the research conducted in Greenland and the logistics involved in supporting the research. They conduct experiments first-hand and participate in inquiry-based educational activities alongside scientists and graduate students at a variety of locations in and around Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, and on the top of the ice sheet at Summit Station. The Joint Committee, a high-level forum involving the Greenlandic, Danish and U.S. governments, established the Joint Science Education Project in 2007, as a collaborative diplomatic effort during the International Polar Year to: • Educate and inspire the next generation of polar scientists; • Build strong networks of students and teachers among the three countries; and • Provide an opportunity to practice language and communication skills Since its inception, JSEP has had 82 student and 22 teacher participants and has involved numerous scientists and field researchers. The JSEP format has evolved over the years into its current state, which consists of two field-based subprograms on site in Greenland: the Greenland-led Kangerlussuaq Science Field School and the U.S.-led Arctic Science Education Week. All travel, transportation, accommodations, and meals are provided to the participants at no cost. During the 2013 Kangerlussuaq Science Field School, students and teachers gathered data in a biodiversity study, created and set geo- and EarthCaches, calculated glacial discharge at a melt-water stream and river, examined microbes and tested for chemical differences in a variety of lakes, measured ablation at the edge of the Greenland Ice Sheet, and learned about fossils, plants, animals, minerals and rocks of Greenland. In addition, the students planned and led cultural nights, sharing food, games, stories, and traditions of their states, regions, and countries with one another. A subset of the Field School students continue their polar science exploration by traveling to and experiencing science at the top of the Greenlandic ice sheet, as participants in Arctic Science Education Week. They launched weather balloons, took measurements of reflectivity to learn more about albedo, studied glaciers and ice sheets and created hands-on models to study their flow, shadowed the Summit science technicians on their rounds, practiced taking clean snow samples, examined a back-lit snow pit to observe the differences between seasonal snows and ice formation, and assisted researchers by taking samples from the snow pit for isotope analysis. Lastly, I will share one group multi- and interdisciplinary activity used at JSEP which illustrates how to combine mathematics and science with global studies. As noted in the Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013 initiative: "The challenges facing our planet and our civilization are multidisciplinary and multifaceted, and the mathematical sciences play a central role in the scientific effort to understand and to deal with these challenges." In particular, this group activity uses mathematical modeling and data representation to spark a discussion of civic engagement and to raise awareness that the polar regions are critically important to the global system.

Foshee Reed, Lynn

2014-05-01

102

Space Science Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet No. TB-89-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication aims to assist elementary and secondary school students and teachers in planning, preparing and executing projects in the space sciences. Sources in other areas of science and on science fairs themselves are listed in "Science Fair Projects" (LC Science Tracer Bullet 88-4). This compilation is not intended to be a comprehensive…

Carter, Constance, Comp.

103

The Complete Handbook of Science Fair Projects, Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science fairs have become an important key to gathering valuable science experience while pursuing independent projects. This book serves as a guide to every aspect of science fairs and science fair projects. It provides information on finding suitable topics, researching them properly, developing experiments, and giving meaning to data results.…

Bochinski, Julianne Blair

104

The Denali Earth Science Education Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In partnership with Denali National Park and Preserve and the Denali Institute, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) will capitalize upon an extraordinary opportunity to raise public interest in the earth sciences. A coincidence of events has made this an ideal time for outreach to raise awareness of the solid earth processes that affect all of our lives. On November 3, 2002, a M 7.9 earthquake occurred on the Denali Fault in central Alaska, raising public consciousness of seismic activity in this state to a level unmatched since the M 9.2 "Good Friday" earthquake of 1964. Shortly after the M 7.9 event, a new public facility for scientific research and education in Alaska's national parks, the Murie Science and Learning Center, was constructed at the entrance to Denali National Park and Preserve only 43 miles from the epicenter of the Denali Fault Earthquake. The AEIC and its partners believe that these events can be combined to form a synergy for the creation of unprecedented opportunities for learning about solid earth geophysics among all segments of the public. This cooperative project will undertake the planning and development of education outreach mechanisms and products for the Murie Science and Learning Center that will serve to educate Alaska's residents and visitors about seismology, tectonics, crustal deformation, and volcanism. Through partnerships with Denali National Park and Preserve, this cooperative project will include the Denali Institute (a non-profit organization that assists the National Park Service in operating the Murie Science and Learning Center) and Alaska's Denali Borough Public School District. The AEIC will also draw upon the resources of long standing state partners; the Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys and the Alaska Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services. The objectives of this project are to increase public awareness and understanding of the solid earth processes that affect life in Alaska, and to provide new and innovative science curricula and teacher training for the benefit of students and teachers in Alaska and beyond. These objectives will be met by the development of learning opportunities and resources that will come together around the Murie Science and Learning Center as a focus for interpretation of EarthScope science and research results in Alaska. Project activities will take place in five areas, which are: 1) development of interactive museum displays for the Murie Science and Learning Center utilizing cutting edge technology for learning, 2) public outreach with a series of publications and Internet resources, 3) development of inquiry-based, experiential curricula for middle school students to enhance science education, 4) development of accredited teacher training workshops for science educators, and 5) the creation of opportunities for EarthScope scientists to interact with students, teachers, and the public through a series of lectures and discussions in national parks and local communities across Alaska.

Hansen, R. A.; Stachnik, J. C.; Roush, J. J.; Siemann, K.; Nixon, I.

2004-12-01

105

School Science Teaching by Project Orientation - Does it Foster Girls?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gender differences in pupils' science performance are widely discussed in European science school education. In many cases the interest and self-confidence of girls for science subjects is described as being distinctly lower than that of their male colleagues. Female role behaviour is assumed not to be favourable to science subjects nor for science careers. Project organized and problem based learning

M. Krüger-Basener; R. Kosuch

106

Responses to Environmental & Societal Challenges for our Unstable Earth (RESCUE) foresight initiative - towards a European response to grand challenges in sustainability research and learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Responses to Environmental and Societal Challenges for our Unstable Earth" (RESCUE; www.esf.org/rescue) foresight initiative - a joint COST-ESF "Frontiers of Science" initiative - aimed to help Europe address the societal and scientific challenges related to global environmental change and the related resilience issues. In RESCUE, the focus of attention was on people and the goal was to stimulate an integrated, innovative response from natural, social and human sciences. The RESCUE foresight initiative began in September 2009 and has recently been completed. RESCUE had the following key objectives: 1. To propose a strategic process for natural, social and human sciences to improve their ability and capacity to work together to address global environmental change through interdisciplinary synergy and to respond effectively to societal and policy-relevant needs; 2. To articulate new scientific issues related to global environmental change and the related resilience issues, especially those of transdisciplinary nature and of major relevance to society; 3. To explore new approaches towards truly integrated, interdisciplinary science, and to facilitate the 'revolution' in education and capacity building it requires. The work of RESCUE focused on the following themes: · Contributions from social sciences and humanities in developing responses to challenges of the Anthropocene; · Collaboration between the natural, social and human sciences in global environmental change and resilience studies; · Requirements for research methodologies and data; · Education and capacity building - towards a 'revolution'; · The interface between science and policy, communication and outreach. The RESCUE recommendations include the following issues to be addressed by science-funders, science policy-makers, researchers, practitioners, educators and a range of other societal actors: · develop an institutional framework for an open knowledge society, · re-organise research so disciplines share knowledge and practices, and, from the onset, work together with each other and with stakeholders, · initiate long-term integrated demonstration projects, · develop sustainability education and learning in an innovative, open knowledge system, · respond to the challenges and opportunities created by the internet for an open knowledge system ready for transitions towards sustainability, · create a dynamic, adaptive and integrated information and decision-support system on global change issues. The findings have been synthesized in the RESCUE Synthesis Report. This presentation will cover the main points of these findings and a few suggestions for future RESCUE steps.

Avril, B.; et al.

2012-04-01

107

Science Fair Projects in Biology, Natural History and Agriculture Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is a bit "old-school" in the best way possible. Crafted by the subject experts at the Library of Congress, this guide profiles print resources for teachers seeking to plan, prepare, and execute science fair projects in biology, natural history, or other related fields. Visitors can look over the Subject Headings to get started and they can also look over topical areas that include Handbooks, Related Titles, and Journals. It's a well curated list that includes links to a range of resources. The Internet area also contains some useful links on Educating about Agriculture and Agriculture in the Classroom.

2014-04-17

108

Goals and Tasks: Two Typologies of Citizen Science Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizen science is a form of research collaboration involving members of the public in scientific research projects to address real-world problems. Often organized as a virtual collaboration, these projects are a type of open movement, with collective goals addressed through open participation in research tasks. We conducted a survey of citizen science projects to elicit multiple aspects of project design

Andrea Wiggins; Kevin Crowston

2012-01-01

109

NEED Project: Primary Science of Energy Infobook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This free infobook provides an overview of energy forms and sources for Grades 2-4, along with hands-on activities, graphics, and classroom presentation materials for teaching an entire unit. Students will first be introduced to energy as a physical science concept before being exposed to sources of energy. Using this sequence can help learners differentiate energy forms (thermal, motion, wave, chemical) from energy sources (fossil fuels, wind, geothermal, hydroelectric). For the companion Student Guide with printable data guides and activities, Primary Science of Energy-Student Guide. The NEED Project is a national initiative to bring innovative curriculum materials in energy education to teachers and learners from the primary grades through college.

110

Conducting a SIRTF Legacy Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tasks inherent in conducting a SIRTF Legacy Science (LegSci) project are discussed, from the perspective of an approved team of investigators. The SIRTF Science Center (SSC) will provide phased and conditional funding in support of approved LegSci teams. Therefore, it is important for all proposers to understand the nature and scope of activities they will be undertaking in conducting a LegSci project. LegSci teams will be established and funded by December 2000, one year prior to the SIRTF launch. Stage One of the program will last for 14 months, during which LegSci teams will prepare and refine their observing programs, begin to design post-pipeline data processing algorithms and software tools, and gather ancillary data, as needed. Stage Two will commence at the start of SIRTF science operations and continue for a period defined by the proposing team (not to exceed two years). During this intense period, LegSci teams will monitor the execution of their observing program, validate observing strategies, refine their programs, develop post-pipeline data analysis algorithms, and begin to extract science results from their data. Contingent on delivery of applicable higher-level algorithms and software analysis tools, the teams will then enter Stage Three, during which they will deliver final data products to the SSC and to continue their scientific analyses. We will also describe the interfaces between LegSci teams and the SSC that will be important to the ultimate success of this unique and innovative program.

Bicay, M. D.; SSC Team

1999-12-01

111

BOOK REVIEW: Science Fair Projects: Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose. Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or sometimes two, and a procedure detailing what the student should do follow this. The materials to be used are those you should be able to find at home, and safety guidelines as well as places the student needs adult help are clearly marked. Every project asks the student to write down the results of their experiment and decide whether or not their hypothesis was correct. There are also suggestions for taking each project further. Some of these projects are standard experiments that you may already do with students in class, for example, making plasticine boats, string telephones and levers. Most are interesting twists on standard experiments such as using a wedge as a simple machine, home-made spinning toys and the experiments with light bulbs. The latter are the only real cause for concern if students were to do these things at home as adult supervision would be essential. This is obviously an American book, though. Teachers in British classrooms would need to work out how to deal with the references to temperature in Fahrenheit and mass in ounces. Length is usually given in centimetres as well as inches. Translations of soda bottles and bobby pins would also be needed. This book is designed to be full of ideas and to give structure to projects students can do at home, not to provide ideas that you can transport into the classroom. It does this very well and I would recommend it to anyone thinking of starting up a Science Fair. Alternatively, this is an excellent resource for more interesting homework assignments that would put more responsibility on the student and give them something fun to do.

Reynolds, Helen

2000-11-01

112

Doing the Project and Learning the Content: Designing Project-Based Science Curricula for Meaningful Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project-based science curricula can improve students' usable or meaningful understanding of the science content underlying a project. However, such curricula designed around "performances" wherein students design or make something do not always do this. We researched ways to design performance project-based science curricula (pPBSc) to better…

Kanter, David E.

2010-01-01

113

The Need to Explore: Nonexperimental Science Fair Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the sake of grade school entrants in particular, nonexperimental science fair projects should be encouraged and accepted for science fairs. Support for this approach is given along with several suggestions for projects. Guidelines for judging nonexperimental projects are also included. (DH)

McNay, Margaret

1985-01-01

114

Students' perceptions of the nature of science and the process of science through a project-based science program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined students' understanding of the epistemology of science and the nature of science (NOS) within a high school and middle school project-based science program. Science research programs have become increasingly popular, causing educational researchers to question what students are learning within such classes. Twenty three students enrolled in a high school science research program and twenty five students

Jennifer Marie Lagnado

2004-01-01

115

Environmental Scanning and Scenario Planning: A 12 month Perspective on Applying the Viable Systems Model to Developing Public Sector Foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

An environmental scan project is outlined and discussed using the viable systems model (VSM). A participant\\/observer perspective\\u000a applied futures thinking, systems practice, scenario orientated narratives and risk assessment frameworks to an annual corporate\\u000a planning process involving engagement and communication with senior public sector executives. Focus was given to improving\\u000a foresight techniques through the innovative use of existing resources and skills.

Russell Clemens

2009-01-01

116

Open Science Project in White Dwarf Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will propose a new way of advancing white dwarf research. Open science is a method of doing research that lets everyone who has something to say about the subject take part in the problem solving process. Already now, the amount of information we gather from observations, theory and modeling is too vast for any one individual to comprehend and turn into knowledge. And the amount of information just keeps growing in the future. A platform that promotes sharing of thoughts and ideas allows us to pool our collective knowledge of white dwarfs and get a clear picture of our research field. It will also make it possible for researchers in fields closely related to ours (AGB stars, planetary nebulae etc.) to join the scientific discourse. In the first stage this project would allow us to summarize what we know and what we don't, and what we should search for next. Later, it could grow into a large collaboration that would have the impact to, for example, suggest instrument requirements for future telescopes to satisfy the needs of the white dwarf community, or propose large surveys. A simple implementation would be a wiki page for collecting knowledge combined with a forum for more extensive discussions. These would be simple and cheap to maintain. A large community effort on the whole would be needed for the project to succeed, but individual workload should stay at a low level.

Vornanen, T.

2013-01-01

117

Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration funded project, Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities has been in operation since July, 1995. This project operated as a collaboration with Massachusetts Corporation for Educational T...

P. C. Texter

1998-01-01

118

University Science Students' Experiences of Investigative Project Work and Their Images of Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the ways in which students' activities during project work are influenced by their images of science. Finds that the concept of "epistemic demand" may help in anticipating difficulties students might have during science project work, and that students' images of science are developed as a result of implicit and explicit messages…

Ryder, Jim; Leach, John

1999-01-01

119

The Spectrum of Citizen Science Projects in Astronomy and Space Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizen science projects are gaining in popularity and are seen by some as a paradigm shift that will benefit participants, extend scientific research, and improve public understanding of how science is done. All projects engage nonspecialists in observations, measurements, or classifications that further some aspect of scientific activity. In astronomy and space science, there is a range of involvement from

B. J. H. Méndez; B. Day; P. L. Gay; S. H. Jacoby; M. J. Raddick; C. E. Walker; S. M. Pompea

2010-01-01

120

A Window on Science: Exploring the JASON Project and Student Conceptions of Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the JASON project was implemented in a self-contained 4th grade classroom and examines this project within the overall context of student-scientist partnership (SSP) models of science education reform. Examines changes in student conceptions of the nature of science as a result of participating in science. (Contains 24 references.)…

Moss, David M.

2003-01-01

121

The Nature of Student Science Projects in Comparison to Educational Goals for Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the results of research designed to determine if student science projects in Ohio meet the goals for science education as recommended by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), and the Ohio Department of Education. Contains 16 references. (DDR)

Schneider, Rebecca M.; Lumpe, Andrew T.

1996-01-01

122

Incorporating network perspectives in foresight: a methodological proposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – A particular feature that makes foresight powerful is its capability to learn from past trends to help guide decision-making for future policy. However, in studying both past and future trends, network perspectives are often missing. Since networks are capable of revealing the structure that underpins relationships between stakeholders, key issues and actions in the past, they are powerful

Yanuar Nugroho; Ozcan Saritas

2009-01-01

123

Study of Foresight Modeling Using the LLNL Economic Modeling System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of a modeling study performed with the Livermore Economic Modeling System (EMS), using a number of different methods to model resource-owners' foresight. Qualitatively, the effect of a gven scheme is, a priori, known: if f...

R. B. Bell

1980-01-01

124

The Role of Episodic and Semantic Memory in Episodic Foresight  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we describe a special form of future thinking, termed "episodic foresight" and its relation with episodic and semantic memory. We outline the methodologies that have largely been developed in the last five years to assess this capacity in young children and non-human animals. Drawing on Tulving's definition of episodic and semantic…

Martin-Ordas, Gema; Atance, Cristina M.; Louw, Alyssa

2012-01-01

125

Environmental technology foresight: New horizons for technology management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decision-making in corporate technology management and government technology policy is increasingly influenced by the environmental impact of technologies. Technology foresight (TF) and environmental impact assessment (EIA) are analyzed with regard to the roles they can play in developing long-term strategies and policies for reducing the environmental impact of technologies. The methods for TF and EIA are quite well developed, but

Frank Den Hond; Peter Groenewegen

1996-01-01

126

Normality of the future: Trend diagnosis for strategic foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foresight processes and activities are confronted with the task of making sense of the present, in particular by interpreting weak signals of change in the organizational environment. Although trends are considered to be important drivers of environmental discontinuities which may lead to strategic surprises, there is no operationalization from a strategic point of view. In this paper we are going

Franz Liebl; Jan Oliver Schwarz

2010-01-01

127

How to solve a wicked problem? Furniture foresight case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on how foresight methods are being used to address a “wicked problem” for the global furniture industry: “What are we going to do in the furniture industry in high cost countries (HCC) to maintain our future competitiveness with respect to the competition coming from low cost countries?” Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This

Jesus Navarro; Peter Hayward; Joseph Voros

2008-01-01

128

Light. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on the concept of "light" held by 36 students. Data were obtained during individual…

Stead, Beverley; Osborne, Roger

129

Electric Current. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on the concept of "electric current" held by 43 elementary school pupils and 2 teachers…

Osborne, Roger

130

Particles. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' thinking regarding their views on particles and particle behavior. Students…

Happs, John

131

Plants. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on the concept of "plant" held by 29 students. Data were obtained by the…

Stead, Beverley

132

Secondary Education in Computational Science Project, The (SPECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Secondary Education in Computational Science (SPECS) project is a collaborative effort between Twin Cities local school districts and the Institute of Technology's Laboratory for Computational Science and Engineering (LCSE) at the University of Minnesota. It is designed to develop instructional materials intended to expose high school students to computational science.

133

Gravity. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' thinking regarding their views on gravity. Students (N=42) were…

Stead, Keith; Osborne, Roger

134

National Science Resources Center Project to Improve Science Teaching in Elementary Schools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report reviews the goals and achievements of the special Secretary of Defense project conducted by the National Science Resources Center (NSRC) to review programs sponsored by DoD that support the improvement of precollege science and mathematics edu...

S. G. Shuler

1988-01-01

135

Science and Engineering Technician Curriculum Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project SET (Science and Engineering for Technicians) developed a series of study guides designed to teach generic science and engineering skills to students interested in becoming technicians. An entire 2-year curriculum is encompassed by these guides, geared for 2-year college students. Described in this final report are the project's rationale,…

Mowery, Donald R.; Wolf, Lawrence J.

136

Gifted Science Project In-Service Manual. Second Tryout Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual explains the use of the Gifted Science Project Resource File. The file is designed to identify science resources for third through eighth grade gifted students and their teachers. The resources are matched with the objectives of the Montgomery County (MD) schools "Program of Studies." Sections outline the project calendar, list the…

Pancella, John R.; And Others

137

Chandra Orion Ultradeep Project: Early science results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Chandra Orion Ultradeep Project (COUP) observation of the Orion Nebula provides the most detailed and comprehensive information to date concerning the X-ray emission and magnetic activity in pre-main sequence stars (PMS). Virtually the entire Initial Mass Function down to the substellar limit is detected with many counts. Some early scientific results obtained by the COUP Team will be presented including: - The mass-stratified stellar X-ray luminosity function clearly shows monotonic evolution from 1 Myr to 10 Gyr - A number of new binaries are resolved at arcsecond resolution - We confirm that heavily accreting stars are less X-ray luminous than non-accreting stars - Powerful flares are extremely common in all classes of PMS stars. Most show the hard-spectrum rapid rise and cooling decay seen in solar magnetic reconnection events - Heavily absorbed sources sometimes show the 6.4 keV emission line from fluorescence by cold iron atoms in the embedded environment - X-rays from Orion intermediate-mass BA stars is consistent with emission from close lower mass companions. *The COUP Team is a collaboration of 32 scientists led by Eric Feigelson (Penn State) with nine science group leaders: K. Getman, N. Grosso, R. Harnden, M. McCaughrean, G. Micela, T. Montmerle, F. Palla, T. Preibisch and K. Stassun. COUP is supported by Chandra grant SAO GO3-4009A.

Getman, K. V.; COUP* Collaboration

2004-08-01

138

Project SUPPORT: Teachers Helping Teachers to Improve Elementary Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project SUPPORT provided instruction and encouragement in activity-oriented elementary science teaching to 38 teachers. The project involved two summer sessions and school-year activities including teacher partnering. The project is described, and teachers' perceptions of their partnerships are reported. (Author/MT)

Martin, Douglas R.

1987-01-01

139

Dynamic changes in motivation in collaborative citizen-science projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online citizen science projects engage volunteers in collecting, analyzing, and curating scientific data. Existing projects have demonstrated the value of using volunteers to collect data, but few projects have reached the full collaborative potential of scientists and volunteers. Understanding the shared and unique motivations of these two groups can help designers establish the technical and social infrastructures needed to promote

Dana Rotman; Jenny Preece; Jen Hammock; Kezee Procita; Derek Hansen; Cynthia Parr; Darcy Lewis; David Jacobs

2012-01-01

140

Thinking scientifically during participation in a citizen-science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

A movement has begun recently to involve nonscientists in scientific investigations through projects in which a range of individuals gather data for use by scientists to investigate questions of research importance. These projects are frequently referred to as citizen-science projects, and the benefits are assumed to extend beyond the production of important large databases. Those who argue in support of

Deborah J. Trumbull; Rick Bonney; Derek Bascom; Anna Cabral

2000-01-01

141

MATAL: the Israel Elementary Science Project--a Retrospective  

Microsoft Academic Search

EnglishIn this article, the authors reflect on the development and implementation of the Israel Elementary Science Project (MATAL). The MATAL project, initially established in 1968, used British and American programmes as its foundation, but so modified them that they became applicable to the needs of less developed countries. The authors describe the structure and content of their project, as well

E. Kaplan; V. Bar; M. Halpern; D. Shtachel; R. Stavi; A. Terkel; R. Zuzofsky; N. Orpaz; D. Chen

1980-01-01

142

Solar Energy Project, Activities: Junior High Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains lesson plans and outlines of science activities which present concepts of solar energy in the context of the junior high science curriculum. Each unit presents an introduction; objectives; skills and knowledge needed; materials; methods; questions; recommendations for further work; and a teacher information sheet. The teacher…

Tullock, Bruce, Ed.; And Others

143

Solar Energy Project, Activities: Earth Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains lesson plans and outlines of science activities which present concepts of solar energy in the context of earth science experiments. Each unit presents an introduction; objectives; skills and knowledge needed; materials; method; questions; recommendations for further study; and a teacher information sheet. The teacher…

Tullock, Bruce, Ed.; And Others

144

Connecting Mathematics in Primary Science Inquiry Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science as inquiry and mathematics as problem solving are conjoined fraternal twins attached by their similarities but with distinct differences. Inquiry and problem solving are promoted in contemporary science and mathematics education reforms as a critical attribute of the nature of disciplines, teaching methods, and learning outcomes involving…

So, Winnie Wing-mui

2013-01-01

145

Informal science educators network project Association of Science-Technology Centers Incorporated. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Funding from the Department of Energy and the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science Project have helped the Association of Science-technology Centers Incorporated (ASTC) to establish and sustain an on-line community of informal science educators nationwide. The Project, called the Informal Science Educators Network Project (ISEN), is composed primarily of informal science educators and exhibit developers from science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, parks, and nature centers. Although museum-based professionals represent the majority of subscribers to ISEN, also involved are some classroom teachers and teacher educators from colleges and universities. Common to all ISEN participants is a commitment to school and science education reform. Specifically, funding from the Department of Energy helped to boot strap the effort, providing Barrier Reduction Vouchers to 123 educators that enabled them participate in ISEN. Among the major accomplishments of the Project are these: (1) assistance to 123 informal science educators to attend Internet training sessions held in connection with the Project and/or purchase hardware and software that linked them to the Internet; (2) Internet training for 153 informal science educators; (3) development of a listserv which currently has over 180 subscribers--an all-time high; (4) opportunity to participate in four web chats involving informal science educators with noted researchers; (5) development of two sites on the World Wide Web linking informal science educators to Internet resources; (6) creation of an on-line collection of over 40 articles related to inquiry-based teaching and science education reform. In order to continue the momentum of the Project, ASTC has requested from the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science project a no/cost extension through December 1997.

NONE

1997-05-09

146

A Computer Assisted Learning Project in Engineering Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A British project in engineering science is described. Computer assisted instruction packages are being developed to provide students with experience with models or systems of models related to lecture material on electrical, electronic, nuclear, and mechanical engineering. (SD)

Cheesewright, R.; And Others

1974-01-01

147

NC State University-Science Junction: The Brine Shrimp Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by NCSU Science Junction, this website contains The Brine Shrimp Project, a lesson plan created by educator April J. Cleveland. The goal of this project is for students to "design and conduct a laboratory investigation to determine how different factors may affect the hatching and development of brine shrimp eggs." Although it was "field tested with 10th grade biology students," this project is adaptable for use with elementary, middle, and high school students, and furthermore "supports the National Science Content Standards A and C for grades" K-12. The website clearly outlines the 7-day project including instructions, work sheets for students, and a comprehensive evaluation sheet.

Cleveland, April J.

148

Space life sciences: Programs and projects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA space life science activities are outlined. Brief, general descriptions are given of research in the areas of biomedical research, space biology, closed loop life support systems, exobiology, and biospherics.

1989-01-01

149

The ZIM-SCI Project. Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Progress Report No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) was started in 1981 with the aim of developing a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. Project activities included developing student study guides, corresponding teaching…

Dock, A. W.

150

Non-Traditional Characteristics of a Successful Science Fair Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science fairs offer students the opportunity to develop skills in inquiry, writing research proposals, working with peers, verifying results, and sharing experimental findings. However, the science fair itself does not necessarily translate into a student's attainment of such skills. Project quality and a student's successful achievement of good…

Sumrall, William; Schillinger, Don

2004-01-01

151

Program Evaluation: Project City Science. Appendices to the Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are appendices to the final evaluation report of the Project City Science (PCS). The PCS, a program conducted by New York University and funded by NSF, sets as its major goal the improvement of junior high school science instruction in the inner-city environment. The following are some of the 20 appendices presented: (1) first and second…

City Univ. of New York, Flushing, NY. Queens Coll.

152

Evaluation of an Environmental Science Distance Education Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the evaluation of WETLANDS, an environmental science distance education pilot project that linked science teachers and students in 26 secondary level schools. Results show that students understand the importance of environmental issues and appreciate the value of wetlands. Evaluation forms are appended. (JMV)

Collins, Laura J.; Romjue, Mary Kalen

1995-01-01

153

Technology Integration Applied to Project-Based Learning in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a study which observed students' (aged 10-11) use of technology during project-based learning activities in science. As part of the overall process of project-based learning, students used computer technology as a tool for collecting information, organising it and presenting it to their peers. Students conducted…

ChanLin, Lih-Juan

2008-01-01

154

PROSPECTIVE SCIENCE TEACHERS' CONCEPTUALIZATIONS ABOUT PROJECT BASED LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project-based learning (PBL) consisting projects that integrate science, technology, society, history, mathematics, politics and even arts serves a productive discussion opportunity for students, fosters a student-directed inquiry of real world problems, gives them the excitement of learning and seen to be an effective teaching strategy. Therefore, examination of PBL from the practitioners' point of view, interpretation of the conceptualizations and

Halil TURGUT

2008-01-01

155

Prospective Science Teachers' Conceptualizations about Project Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project-based learning (PBL) consisting projects that integrate science, technology, society, history, mathematics, politics and even arts serves a productive discussion opportunity for students, fosters a student-directed inquiry of real world problems, gives them the excitement of learning and seen to be an effective teaching strategy.…

Turgut, Halil

2008-01-01

156

Science and Technology Roadmapping to Support Project Planning  

SciTech Connect

Disciplined science and technology roadmapping provides a framework to coordinate research and development activities with project objectives. This case-history paper describes initial project technology needs identification, assessment and R&D ranking activities supporting characterization of 781 waste tanks requiring a 'hazardous waste determination' or 'verification of empty' decision to meet an Idaho state Voluntary Consent Order.

Mc Carthy, Jeremiah Justin; Haley, Daniel Joseph; Dixon, Brent Wayne

2001-07-01

157

A national science foundation supported undergraduate CSMET research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a program at Texas A&M University B Corpus Christi which seeks to involve a substantial number of undergraduate students in active research. This program receives funding from the National Science Foundation, grant number DUE-0094898. Students receive a small stipend in return for participating in one of several multidisciplinary projects. Projects include funded and unfunded research conducted by

R. Stephen Dannelly; Carl W. Steidley

2002-01-01

158

The voice of experience: national science foundation funded projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation wants STEM faculty to be able to develop projects that will succeed in attracting funding from NSF programs. For the SIGCSE Symposium audience, this probably means being successful in being funded from the CCLI program. This special session gives attendees the opportunity to learn from those who have built successful CCLI-funded projects.

Steve Cunningham

2005-01-01

159

Duplex Design Project: Science Pilot Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work is reported towards the completion of a prototype duplex-design assessment instrument for grade-12 science. The student course-background questionnaire and the pretest section of the two-stage instrument that was developed were administered to all 134 12th-grade students at St. Clairsville High School (Ohio). Based on the information obtained…

Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.

160

The Denali Earth Science Education Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

In partnership with Denali National Park and Preserve and the Denali Institute, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) will capitalize upon an extraordinary opportunity to raise public interest in the earth sciences. A coincidence of events has made this an ideal time for outreach to raise awareness of the solid earth processes that affect all of our lives. On November

R. A. Hansen; J. C. Stachnik; J. J. Roush; K. Siemann; I. Nixon

2004-01-01

161

Internet Public Library: Science Fair Project Resource Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Fair Project Resource Guide is a special collection of resources from the Internet Public Library that provides assistance for students who wish to develop a science fair project. The guide provides links to online resources in four topic areas: how to get started, choosing a topic, completing the project, and how to write a report and prepare a display. There are also sets of resouces on the scientific method, arriving at a research question and creating a hypothesis, and how to conduct an experiment. Each individual resource is accompanied by a link to the appropriate website and a brief description of its content.

162

ES EPO Seeks SS EPO for Mutual Benefit: Earth Science Outreach Projects Seek Space Science Partners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the recent transformation, NASA has reunited the Earth and Space Science groups into a unified Science Mission Directorate. Our team has developed and operates several Earth Science Education and Public Outreach projects through the former NASA Earth Science Enterprise. Starting in 1997, we developed the Students' Cloud Observations On-Line (S'COOL; http://scool.larc.nasa.gov) project, as a way to involve K-12 students in scientifically useful data collection and analysis for the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES), a high priority instrument in the Earth Observing System. Recently, we initiated the MY NASA DATA project (http://mynasadata.larc.nasa.gov) to help overcome the barriers for use of real data, particularly relating to atmospheric science, in the K-12 classroom. In the process of interacting with students and teachers through these projects, we quickly learned that they consider Space Science to go hand in hand with Earth Science in the educational setting. In the S'COOL Project, we regularly field student questions relating to Space Science topics - so far in 2005, they amount to about one in ten of the questions we have received. In the MY NASA DATA project, when showing teachers how to explore scientific data about the Earth, we regularly hear "How can I get this kind of data for Mars?" or "Can I get this kind of information about other Planets?". To date, we have responded to these queries by linking or pointing people to other websites. With the continued development of the MY NASA DATA project, we are now seeking a more active connection to the Space Science EPO community, to benefit both our K-12 audience and yours. One of the prime audiences for MY NASA DATA is teachers and students in Middle or High School Earth Science classes. Besides Meteorology, this class also covers Geology and Oceanography. NASA Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAAC), of which our Atmospheric Science Data Center is one, hold data on those topics that we hope to make available using emerging client/server tools. But the K-12 Earth Science course also includes Astronomy, in which links to the Space Science community can be made for mutual benefit. This paper will provide further details on our existing Earth Science projects, highlighting areas where connections to Space Science Education are possible or needed.

Chambers, L. H.; Phelps, C. S.; Alston, E. J.; Costulis, P. K.; Moore, S. W.; Sepulveda, R.; Oots, P. C.

2005-05-01

163

Science Education and the Dominican Republic Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two recent developments – the retirement of the architects of the Dominican Republic Project (DRP) and the decline of the\\u000a Naturhistorisches Museum Basel as a DRP research center – have provided an opportunity to re-envision sources of human capital\\u000a for the DR project while expanding the diversity of individuals involved in geoscience research. In response to this opportunity,\\u000a efforts are

Ross H. Nehm; Jupiter Luna; Ann F. Budd

164

Personal Science and its Implications for Science Education: Reflections Arising from a Combined Project in Science Education and Astronomy.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A combined study in Astronomy and Science Education was undertaken to explore the personal dimension of science within research and science education. The term "personal science" has been introduced to embrace a host of personal factors unavoidably present in the pursuit of science. The primary goal of this thesis is to demonstrate the reality of personal science within my researching as an astronomer and to argue that the notion of personal science must play a significant role in our thinking about science education. The thesis develops in two sections:. Part A of the thesis, found in Chapters 1-7, focuses on the impact that personal science should have on science education. In this section the diversity implied by the term "science" as it is presently used within science education discourse is considered and it is argued that the idea of personal science should be an essential dimension of school portrayals of science. In developing the idea of personal science a number of influential philosophies of science have been considered in light of my own experience as an astronomer and teacher. Attention is given to Holton's thematic analysis of science and Polanyi's philosophy of personal knowledge and it is argued that Polanyi's conception of personal knowledge may be used to found a more effective epistemology for science education. The problem of fostering, communicating and sharing one's personal science is addressed. The suggestion is made that a curriculum focused on one's personal experiencing of the ideas will be more effective in portraying the personal dimension of science. Narrative and story-telling are explored as effective means of communicating and sharing one's personal science. Part B of the thesis presents the results of three research projects in astronomy. The first project is the observation and analysis of the ellipsoidal binary system 42 Persei and presents the first known model of this system. The second project describes participation in an international collaborative effort to measure the modes of oscillation for two Delta-Scuti variable stars. The third project describes the search for rapid variability within a group of selected A type stars.

Martin, Brian E.

1990-01-01

165

NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NPP Instruments are: (1) well understood thanks to instrument comprehensive test, characterization and calibration programs. (2) Government team ready for October 25 launch followed by instrument activation and Intensive Calibration/Validation (ICV). NPP Data Products preliminary work includes: (1) JPSS Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR) team ready to support NPP ICV and operational data products. (2) NASA NPP science team ready to support NPP ICV and EOS data continuity.

Butler, James J.

2011-01-01

166

Science Fair Scene: How to Conduct a Science-Fair Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advice on how to transform a practical idea into a first-class science fair project is provided. How to do scientific research, what to include in a science fair report, how to pick a topic, when to begin, writing the report, and making the display are topics of discussion. (KR)

McQueen, David R.

1991-01-01

167

Video: Animals; Electric Current; Force; Science Activities. Learning in Science Project. Working Papers 51-54.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers to be used in conjunction with video-tapes developed by the Learning in Science Project are presented. Topic areas of the papers focus on: (1) animals; (2) electric current; (3) force; and (4) science activities. The first paper presents transcripts of class discussions focusing on the scientific meaning of the word animal. The second…

Bell, Beverley; And Others

168

Biological and Health Sciences: Report of the Project 2061 Phase I Biological and Health Sciences Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of five panel reports that have been prepared as part of the first phase of Project 2061, a long-term, multipurpose undertaking of the American Association for the Advancement of Science designed to help reform science, mathematics, and technology education in the United States. Major sections included are: (1) "Rationale"; (2) "A…

Clark, Mary

169

Science Seminar: Science Capstone Research Projects as a Class in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inquiry-based, student-lead research may be a pinnacle of high school science education, and the implementation of inquiry themes at all grades is of profound importance. At The Beacon High School in New York City, all seniors, regardless of their scientific proclivity or interest, completed original science research projects as a graduation…

Schwebach, J. Reid

2008-01-01

170

The Nuvuk Archaeology Project: Science and Outreach Partnerships during IPY  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Nuvuk Archaeology Project involves Northern students in archaeological research, and also presents information to a broader non-Northern audience. The project began in 2005, and builds on 26 years of experience training high school and college students in Arctic fieldwork and laboratory archaeology. It has always had a strong informal science education and outreach component. During the IPY, the project has partnered with two IPY informal science education/outreach projects, Ice Stories with the Exploratorium, and PolarTrec through ARCUS. This paper focuses on the benefits and challenges of those collaborations and how they helped strengthen and extend the project's outreach. It attempts to draw some conclusions which can be applied more generally.

Jensen, A. M.

2008-12-01

171

Web-Based Science Inquiry Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Web-based inquiry (WBI) learning activities support students as active learners. In these activities, students do not wait for a teacher or someone else to provide an answer. They conduct investigations with meaningful questions about everyday experiences, evaluate evidence critically to seek solutions, and ask new questions. Such inquiry-based approaches allow students to learn scientific practices by using those practices realistically. Learners who experience inquiry-based activities and instructional methods develop a broad understanding of science, along with the critical reasoning and problem-solving skills involved in scientific reasoning.

Bodzin, Alec M.

2007-12-11

172

Advertising Citizen Science: A Trailer for the Citizen Sky Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizen Sky is a multi-year, NSF funded citizen science project involving the bright and mysterious variable star epsilon Aurigae. The project was conceived by the IYA 2009 working group on Research Experiences for Students, Teachers, and Citizen-Scientists. Citizen Sky goes beyond simple observing to include a major data analysis component, introducing participants to the full scientific process from background research to paper writing for a peer-reviewed journal. As a means of generating interest in the project, the California Academy of Sciences produced a six-minute "trailer” formatted for both traditional and fulldome planetariums as well as HD and web applications. This talk will review the production process for the trailer as well as the methods of distribution via planetariums, social media, and other venues_along with an update on the Citizen Sky Project as a whole. We will show how to use a small, professionally-produced planetarium trailer to help spread word on a citizen science project. We will also show preliminary results on a study about how participation level/type in the project affects science learning.

Wyatt, Ryan; Price, A.

2012-01-01

173

Evaluation of Seeds of Science/Roots of Reading Project: "Shoreline Science" and "Terrarium Investigations." CSE Technical Report 676  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was initiated in order to evaluate two literacy and science integrated instruction units, "Shoreline Science" and "Terrarium Investigations," designed by the Lawrence Hall of Science "Seeds of Science/Roots of Reading" Project ("Seeds/Roots"). We examined how the integrated units affect student interest, motivation, and learning, as…

Wang, Jia; Baker, Eva L.

2006-01-01

174

Student perspectives on mentoring in a science outreach project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is an examination of mentorship relationships developed as a result of six students’ participation in a local community science centre sponsored through an NSERC\\/CRYSTAL project. Each year, a number of students participate in after?school activities sponsored by the community science centre. Much of this work involves a one?to?one approach, with a middle years or high

Leo MacDonald; Ann Sherman

2007-01-01

175

Engaging High School Students in Space Science Projects and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To stimulate interest in Space Science among urban high school students, the New York City Space Science Research Alliance (NYCSSRA) is initiating hands-on\\/inquiry-based research experiences and projects. In collaboration with the Discovery Institute at the College of Staten Island and the NASA PACE program at Medgar Evers College, astronomy\\/physics faculty in the NYCSSRA initiated a set of research-related activities that

I. Robbins; K. Rowan; K. Brathwaite; W. C. Harris; T. Tulsee; P. Michel; I. Ekejiuba

2003-01-01

176

Toward prospective voluntary agreements: reflections from a hydrogen foresight project  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is substantial interest in promoting the emergence of a hydrogen-based energy economy. If successful, this would represent a policy-led, discontinuous transition away from existing fossil fuel-based systems. Such a move has few precedents and few policy tools exist to manage such a complex and uncertain endeavour. Furthermore, existing hydrocarbon energy systems can be considered Techno-Institutional Complexes (TIC), which have

Totti Könnölä; Gregory C. Unruh; Javier Carrillo-Hermosilla

2007-01-01

177

Collaborative online projects for English language learners in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarizes how collaborative online projects (COPs) are used to facilitate science content-area learning for English Learners of Hispanic origin. This is a Mexico-USA partnership project funded by the National Science Foundation. A COP is a 10-week thematic science unit, completely online, and bilingual (Spanish and English) designed to provide collaborative learning experiences with culturally and linguistically relevant science instruction in an interactive and multimodal learning environment. Units are integrated with explicit instructional lessons that include: (a) hands-on and laboratory activities, (b) interactive materials and interactive games with immediate feedback, (c) animated video tutorials, (d) discussion forums where students exchange scientific learning across classrooms in the USA and in Mexico, and (e) summative and formative assessments. Thematic units have been aligned to U.S. National Science Education Standards and are under current revisions for alignment to the Common Core State Standards. Training materials for the teachers have been integrated into the project website to facilitate self-paced and independent learning. Preliminary findings of our pre-experimental study with a sample of 53 students (81 % ELs), distributed across three different groups, resulted in a 21 % statistically significant points increase from pretest to posttest assessments of science content learning, t( 52) = 11.07, p = .000.

Terrazas-Arellanes, Fatima E.; Knox, Carolyn; Rivas, Carmen

2013-12-01

178

Developing a Project-Based Secondary School Science Academy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past several years Deer Valley High School (Antioch, CA) has hosted a space academy known as the ESPACE academy (for Earth, Space Astronomy Center for Education). This academy has promoted original student primary research on astronomy and physics topics and initiated the school’s first entries into science fair and directed a number of students into science careers. During the next school year the Antioch Unified School District is supporting the expansion of the academy into a general science academy encompassing all areas of science, a move into a new building, and the development of a science academy model making it easier to integrate the academy into the larger school’s academic program. The presentation will discuss the design of the new academy and the involvement of students in projects connected to NASA’s WISE, Spitzer, and other missions.

Adkins, J.

2009-12-01

179

Non-Traditional Characteristics of a Successful Science Fair Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although science fairs are designed to help students develop inquiry skills, including writing research proposals, working with peers, and sharing experimental findings, simply holding a science fair is no guarantee that students will actually acquire these essential skills. Participation in a science fair should not be viewed as the "one shot" opportunity for teachers to involve their students in inquiry, but rather it should provide both extensions and reinforcements to skills that were developed over time through a variety of classroom activities. This article outlines six specific characteristics for students that are essential to the completion of a quality project.

Schillinger, Don; Sumrall, William

2004-03-01

180

An Earth Science Scrapbook Project as an Alternative Assessment Tool  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Scrapbooking" is a popular hobby and as such, has found its way into educational settings, primarily in middle and elementary school levels. This article describes a scrapbook project that is used both as a means of demonstrating the connections between geology and students' daily lives and as an alternative form of assessment. The project was developed for an introductory Earth Science class for middle school and high school pre-service teachers.

Burnley, Pamela

2004-05-01

181

A Science Project Director Reflects on Curriculum Development and Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) project and how the use of substantial curricular efforts of consequence can be successfully mounted and maintained on limited budgets out of local or regional resources, utilizing a small and stable staff over longer periods of time, in the limited but flexible environment of a…

Pottenger, Francis M., III

1977-01-01

182

Examining Perceptions of the Science Fair Project: Content or Process?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses student research, information literacy and research skills, and the role of inquiry in the research process. Presents a case study of a middle school science fair project that examined what students should accomplish in their research and what the role of stakeholders is, including teachers, parents, and school library media specialists.…

Watson, Jinx Stapleton

2003-01-01

183

Urban Schools' Teachers Enacting Project-Based Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What teaching practices foster inquiry and promote students to learn challenging subject matter in urban schools? Inquiry-based instruction and successful inquiry learning and teaching in project-based science (PBS) were described in previous studies (Brown & Campione, [1990]; Crawford, [1999]; Krajcik, Blumenfeld, Marx, Bass, & Fredricks, [1998];…

Tal, Tali; Krajcik, Joseph S.; Blumenfeld, Phyllis C.

2006-01-01

184

Manufacturing. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Smith, Kenneth L., Ed.

185

Transportation. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Smith, Kenneth L., Ed.

186

Construction. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

187

Forest Services: World of Work Project: Fifth Grade: Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is one of the teaching units developed by the Utah World of Work Project, designed to integrate career awareness into the regular curriculum at the elementary level. The fifth grade guide is tied to the science area and focuses on conservation as practiced by Forest Service workers; the growth cycle of forests and the management of…

Utah State Board for Vocational Education, Salt Lake City.

188

Science Sampler: The Hot Zone: An interdisciplinary project on viruses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This integrated language arts and science project is based on selected parts of The Hot Zone by Richard Preston. Students read the parts of the book that concentrate on the scientific process of working with hot agent viruses, as well as the decision-making process of those in charge of handling potentially serious outbreak situations.

Northrop, Laura

2006-02-01

189

Project LAUNCH: Bringing Space into Math and Science Classrooms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Project LAUNCH is a K-12 teacher professional development program, which has been created in collaboration between the Whitaker Center for Science, Mathematics and Technology Education at Florida Gulf Coast University (FGCU), and the Florida Space Research Institute (FSRI). Utilizing Space as the overarching theme it is designed to improve mathematics and science teaching, using inquiry based, hands-on teaching practices, which are aligned with Florida s Sunshine State Standards. Many students are excited about space exploration and it provides a great venue to get them involved in science and mathematics. The scope of Project LAUNCH however goes beyond just providing competency in the subject area, as pedagogy is also an intricate part of the project. Participants were introduced to the Conceptual Change Model (CCM) [1] as a framework to model good teaching practices. As the CCM closely follows what scientists call the scientific process, this teaching method is also useful to actively engage institute participants ,as well as their students, in real science. Project LAUNCH specifically targets teachers in low performing, high socioeconomic schools, where the need for skilled teachers is most critical.

Fauerbach, M.; Henry, D. P.; Schmidt, D. L.

2005-01-01

190

The NPOESS Preparatory Project Science Data Segment: Brief Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) provides remotely-sensed land, ocean, atmospheric, ozone, and sounder data that will serve the meteorological and global climate change scientific communities while also providing risk reduction for the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS), the U.S. Government s future low-Earth orbiting satellite system monitoring global weather and environmental conditions. NPOESS and NPP are a new era, not only because the sensors will provide unprecedented quality and volume of data but also because it is a joint mission of three federal agencies, NASA, NOAA, and DoD. NASA's primary science role in NPP is to independently assess the quality of the NPP science and environmental data records. Such assessment is critical for making NPOESS products the best that they can be for operational use and ultimately for climate studies. The Science Data Segment (SDS) supports science assessment by assuring the timely provision of NPP data to NASA s science teams organized by climate measurement themes. The SDS breaks down into nine major elements, an input element that receives data from the operational agencies and acts as a buffer, a calibration analysis element, five elements devoted to measurement based quality assessment, an element used to test algorithmic improvements, and an element that provides overall science direction. This paper will describe how the NPP SDS will leverage on NASA experience to provide a mission-reliable research capability for science assessment of NPP derived measurements.

Schweiss, Robert J.; Ho, Evelyn; Ullman, Richard; Samadi, Shahin

2006-01-01

191

Science Art: Projects and Activities That Teach Science Concepts and Develop Process Skills. Grades 2-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The activities in this collection are designed to help teachers bring the worlds of science and art into the classroom. Each activity is both a hands-on science investigation and an art experience. As students create satisfying art projects, they utilize science skills such as observing, predicting, investigating, and communicating. The projects

Schecter, Deborah

192

An Evaluation of the Science Education Component of the Cross River State Science and Technical Education Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cross River State Science and Technical Education Project was introduced in 1992 by edict number 9 of 20 December 1991, "Cross River State Science and Technical Education Board Edit, 20 December, 1991", with the aim of improving the quality of science teaching and learning in the state. As the success of the project depends essentially on…

Ekuri, Emmanuel Etta

2012-01-01

193

GEWEX America Prediction Project (GAPP) Science and Implementation Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this Science and Implementation Plan is to describe GAPP science objectives and the activities required to meet these objectives, both specifically for the near-term and more generally for the longer-term. The GEWEX Americas Prediction Project (GAPP) is part of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) initiative that is aimed at observing, understanding and modeling the hydrological cycle and energy fluxes at various time and spatial scales. The mission of GAPP is to demonstrate skill in predicting changes in water resources over intraseasonal-to-interannual time scales, as an integral part of the climate system.

2004-01-01

194

The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War  

SciTech Connect

The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War'' is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details of the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

Gosling, F.G.

1990-08-01

195

From science fair to project-based science: A study of the implementation of an innovation through an existing activity system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation process is critical to the success of educational innovations. Project-based science is an innovation designed to support students' science learning. Science fair is a pervasive school practice in which students exhibit science projects. Little is known about how science fair may affect the implementation of reform efforts in science education. This study explores the relationship of science fair

Lisa Jean Walker

2003-01-01

196

Experiences from the Partnership in Primary Science Project: Teacher Professional Development Involving ICT and Science Pedagogical Content Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Partnership for Primary Science project which aimed to provide and promote continuous professional development in science and information communication technologies (ICT). Evidence suggests that teachers' science instruction and use of ICT rather than their understanding of science concepts underwent the most significant change.…

Rodrigues, Susan

2003-01-01

197

Transparent Democratic Foresight Strategies in the California EMF Program.  

PubMed

A California Department of Health Services program dealt with possible health effects from Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) from power lines. With the advice of stakeholders, and well before any risk determinations were made, transparent policy analyses about the power grid and schools asked the question, "How confident must one be of how big an effect before one would adopt cheap or expensive EMF avoidance measures?" A risk evaluation was carried out with features that promoted transparency. It was formatted to provide a policy-neutral "degree of certainty of causality" to adherents of utilitarian, environmental justice, and libertarian policy frameworks. Though the program had many features advocated by adherents of the precautionary principle, it might be better characterized as following "Transparent Democratic Foresight Strategies," since no single principle justifies the strategies used in this participatory program, and it examined the pros and cons of options but made no recommendations, precautionary or otherwise. PMID:12576535

Neutra, Raymond Richard; Delpizzo, Vincent

2002-01-01

198

The T/S/M Integration Project: Integrating Technology, Science, and Mathematics in the Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the growing awareness of the important role of technology as it relates to both science and mathematics. Describes the Technology/Science/Mathematics Integration Project designed to integrate technology with science and mathematics at the middle school level. (JOW)

LaPorte, James; Sanders, Mark

1993-01-01

199

NASA's NPOESS Preparatory Project Science Data Segment: A Framework for Measurement-based Earth Science Data Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Data Segment (SDS) provides a framework for the future of NASA s distributed Earth science data systems. The NPP SDS performs research and data product assessment while using a fully distributed architecture. T...

M. R. Schwaller R. J. Schweiss

2007-01-01

200

Science Sampler: Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) project involved thousands of student scientists across the nation in the collection and analysis of astronomical data using a 34-meter radio telescope. These students contributed to the work of the world's foremost authorities on space science when they forwarded their information to NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) scientists. The JPL scientists used the information to expand their studies of Jupiter, Uranus, and variable quasars.

Maclaren, Dave; Ibe, Mary

2003-05-01

201

Earth Science Enterprise Scientific Data Purchase Project: Verification and Validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents viewgraphs on the Earth Science Enterprise Scientific Data Purchase Project's verification,and validation process. The topics include: 1) What is Verification and Validation? 2) Why Verification and Validation? 3) Background; 4) ESE Data Purchas Validation Process; 5) Data Validation System and Ingest Queue; 6) Shipment Verification; 7) Tracking and Metrics; 8) Validation of Contract Specifications; 9) Earth Watch Data Validation; 10) Validation of Vertical Accuracy; and 11) Results of Vertical Accuracy Assessment.

Jenner, Jeff; Policelli, Fritz; Fletcher, Rosea; Holecamp, Kara; Owen, Carolyn; Nicholson, Lamar; Dartez, Deanna

2000-01-01

202

Understanding Ecology Content Knowledge and Acquiring Science Process Skills Through Project-Based Science Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This activity discusses a two-day unit on ecology implemented during the summer of 2004 using the project-based science instructional (PBSI) approach. Through collaborative fieldwork, group discussions, presentations, and reflections, students planned, implemented, and reported their own scientific investigations on the environmental health of their local park in the borough of Queens, New York City. Students' questions included a wide range

Kabba E. Colley

2006-01-01

203

Understanding Ecology Content Knowledge and Acquiring Science Process Skills through Project-Based Science Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity discusses a two-day unit on ecology implemented during the summer of 2004 using the project-based science instructional (PBSI) approach. Through collaborative fieldwork, group discussions, presentations, and reflections, students planned, implemented, and reported their own scientific investigations on the environmental health of…

Colley, Kabba E.

2006-01-01

204

"Saturday Night Live" Goes to High School: Conducting and Advising a Political Science Fair Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses a case study to illustrate how science fair projects--which traditionally focus on "hard science" topics--can contribute to political science education. One of the authors, a high school student, conducted an experimental study of politics for her science fair project. The other author, a faculty member, was asked to advise the…

Allen, Meg; Brewer, Paul R.

2010-01-01

205

National Academy of Sciences Recommends Continued Support of ALMA Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A distinguished panel of scientists today announced their support for the continued funding of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Project at a press conference given by the National Academy of Sciences. The ALMA Project is an international partnership between U.S. and European astronomy organizations to build a complete imaging telescope that will produce astronomical images at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. The U.S. partner is the National Science Foundation, through Associated Universities, Inc., (AUI), led by Dr. Riccardo Giacconi, and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). "We are delighted at this show of continued support from our peers in the scientific community," said Dr. Robert Brown, ALMA U.S. Project Director and Deputy Director of NRAO. "The endorsement adds momentum to the recent strides we've made toward the building of this important telescope." In 1998, the National Research Council, the working arm of the National Academy of Sciences, charged the Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee to "survey the field of space- and ground-based astronomy and astrophysics" and to "recommend priorities for the most important new initiatives of the decade 2000-2010." In a report released today, the committee wrote that it "re-affirms the recommendations of the 1991 Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee by endorsing the completion of . . . the Millimeter Array (MMA, now part of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array)." In the 1991 report "The Decade of Discovery," a previous committee chose the Millimeter Array as one of the most important projects of the decade 1990-2000. Early last year, the National Science Foundation signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a consortium of European organizations that effectively merged the MMA Project with the European Large Southern Array project. The combined project was christened the Atacama Large Millimeter Array. ALMA, expected to consist of 64 antennas with 12-meter diameter dishes, will be built at a high-altitude, extremely dry mountain site in Chile's Atacama desert. The array is scheduled to be completed sometime in this decade. Millimeter-wave astronomy studies the universe in the spectral region where most of its energy lies, between the long-wavelength radio waves and the shorter-wavelength infrared waves. In this realm, ALMA will study the structure of the early universe and the evolution of galaxies; gather crucial data on the formation of stars, protoplanetary disks, and planets; and provide new insights on the familiar objects of our own solar system. "Most of the photons in the Universe lie in the millimeter wavelength regime; among existing or planned instruments only ALMA can image the sources of these photons with the crispness required to understand the events of galaxy, star and planet formation which launched them into space," said NRAO's Dr. Alwyn Wootten, U.S. ALMA Project Scientist. ALMA is an international partnership between the United States (National Science Foundation) and Europe. European participants include the European Southern Observatory, the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), the Max-Planck Gesellschaft (Germany), the Netherlands Foundation for Research in Astronomy, the United Kingdom Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council, the Oficina de Ciencia Y Tecnologia/Instituto Geografico Nacional (Spain), and the Swedish Natural Science Research Council. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation, operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

2000-05-01

206

Disaster Relief and Emergency Medical Services Project (DREAMS TM): clinical and Basic Science Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

DREAMS clinical and basic science projects complement the digital EMS effort by investigating the mechanisms of tissue injury in order to minimize the mortality and mortality of trauma and 'natural' injuries such as heart attacks. We have a broad effort a...

W. Casscells

1999-01-01

207

Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration funded project, Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities has been in operation since July, 1995. This project operated as a collaboration with Massachusetts Corporation for Educational Telecommunications, the Federal Aviation Administration, Bridgewater State College and four targeted "core sites" in the greater Boston area. In its first and second years, a video series on aeronautics and aviation science was developed and broadcast via "live, interactive" satellite feed. Accompanying teacher and student supplementary instructional materials for grades 6-9 were produced and disseminated by the Massachusetts Corporation for Educational Telecommunications (MCET). In the MCET grant application it states that project Take Off! in its initial phase would recruit and train teachers at "core" sites in the greater Boston area, as well as opening participation to other on-line users of MCET's satellite feeds. "Core site" classrooms would become equipped so that teachers and students might become engaged in an interactive format which aimed at not only involving the students during the "live" broadcast of the instructional video series, but which would encourage participation in electronic information gathering and sharing among participants. As a Take Off! project goal, four schools with a higher than average proportion of minority and underrepresented youth were invited to become involved with the project to give these students the opportunity to consider career exploration and development in the field of science aviation and aeronautics. The four sites chosen to participate in this project were: East Boston High School, Dorchester High School, Randolph Junior-Senior High School and Malden High School. In year 3 Dorchester was unable to continue to fully participate and exited out. Danvers was added to the "core site" list in year 3. In consideration of Goals 2000, the National Science Foundation standards for quality of teaching, and an educational agenda that promotes high standards for all students, Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities had as its aim to deliver products to schools, both in and outside the project sites, which attempt to incorporate multi-disciplined approaches in the presentation of a curriculum which would be appropriate in any classroom, while also aiming to appeal to young women and minorities. The curriculum was developed to provide students with fundamentals of aeronautics and aviation science. The curriculum also encouraged involving students and teachers in research projects, and further information gathering via electronic bulletin boards and internet capabilities. Though not entirely prescriptive, the curriculum was designed to guide teachers through recommended activities to supplement MCET's live telecast video presentations. Classroom teachers were encouraged to invite local pilots, meteorologists, and others from the field of aviation and aeronautics, particularly women and minorities to visit schools and to field questions from the students.

Texter, P. Cardie

1998-01-01

208

Student and Faculty Outcomes of Undergraduate Science Research Projects by Geographically Dispersed Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Senior undergraduate research projects are important components of most undergraduate science degrees. The delivery of such projects in a distance education format is challenging. Athabasca University (AU) science project courses allow distance education students to complete research project courses by working with research supervisors in their…

Shaw, Lawton; Kennepohl, Dietmar

2013-01-01

209

An Evaluation of a Project for Preparing Science Teachers to Use Microcomputers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a report of the evaluation of the second year of the project, ENLIST Micros II. The project is working to develop a model for implementing educational computing in school science. The project goals, staff development, and project activities are described. The participants' checklist, "Microcomputer Use in Science Teaching," is…

Ellis, James D.

1989-01-01

210

Project LASER: Learning about science, engineering, and research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The number of American students entering science and engineering careers and their ranking in comparison with other countries is on the decline. This decline has alarmed Congress which, in 1987, established a Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology to define the problem and find solutions. If left unchanged, the task force has warned that the prospects for maintaining an advanced industrial society will diminish. NASA is supportive of the six goals outlined by the task force, which are paraphrase herein, and is carefully assessing its education programs to identify those offering the greatest potential for achieving the task force objectives with a reasonable range of resources. A major initiative is under way on behalf of NASA at its Marshall Space Flight Center, where highly effective features of several NASA education programs along with innovations are being integrated into a comprehensive pilot program. This program, dubbed Project LASER, is discussed.

1990-01-01

211

Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao: A Science Curriculum Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In antiquity, the first people to step foot on what are now known as the Hawaiian islands skillfully traversed the Pacific Ocean using celestial navigation and learned observations of scientific phenomena. Long before the Western world ventured beyond the horizon, Hawaiians had invented the chronometer, built aqueduct systems (awai) that continue to amaze modern engineers, and had preventive health systems as well as a comprehensive knowledge of medicinal plants (including antivirals) which only now are working their way through trials for use in modern pharmacopia. Yet, today, Native Hawaiians are severely underrepresented in science-related fields, reflecting (in part) a failure of the Western educational system to nurture the potential of these resourceful students, particularly the many "at-risk" students who are presently over-represented in special education. A curriculum which draws from and incorporates traditional Hawaiian values and knowledge is needed to reinforce links to the inquiry process which nurtured creative thinking during the renaissance of Polynesian history. The primary goal of the Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao Project (translation: `science` or `work in which you seek enlightenment, knowledge or wisdom`) is to increase the number of Native Hawaiian adults in science-related postsecondary education and employment fields. Working closely with Native Hawaiian cultural experts and our high school partners, we will develop and implement a culturally responsive 11th and 12th grade high school science curriculum, infused with math, literacy and technology readiness skills. Software and assistive technology will be used to adapt instruction to individual learners` reading levels, specific disabilities and learning styles. To ease the transition from secondary to post-secondary education, selected grade 12 students will participate in planned project activities that link high school experiences with college science-related programs of study. Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao is funded through a grant awarded to the University of Hawaii Center on Disability Studies (R.A. Stodden, PI) from the U.S. Department of Education, Native Hawaiian Education Act. Project information and curricula are available at http://www.scihi.hawaii.edu/.

Napeahi, K.; Roberts, K. D.; Galloway, L. M.; Stodden, R. A.; Akuna, J.; Bruno, B.

2005-12-01

212

Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The UCLA Plasma Simulation Group is a major partner of the "Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation. This is the final technical report. We include an overall summary, a list of publications and individual progress reports for each years. During the past five years we have made tremendous progress in enhancing the capabilities of OSIRIS and QuickPIC, in developing new algorithms and data structures for PIC codes to run on GPUS and many future core architectures, and in using these codes to model experiments and in making new scientific discoveries. Here we summarize some highlights for which SciDAC was a major contributor.

Warren B. Mori

2013-02-01

213

Health sciences library building projects, 1996-1997 survey.  

PubMed Central

Nine building projects are briefly described, including four new libraries, two renovations, and three combined renovations and additions. The libraries range in size from 657 square feet to 136,832 square feet, with seating varying from 14 to 635. Three hospital libraries and four academic health sciences libraries are described in more detail. In each case an important consideration was the provision for computer access. Two of the libraries expanded their space for historical collections. Three of the libraries added mobile shelving as a way of storing print materials while providing space for other activities. Images

Bowden, V M

1998-01-01

214

Conceptual planning for Space Station life sciences human research project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Life Sciences Research Facility dedicated laboratory is currently undergoing system definition within the NASA Space Station program. Attention is presently given to the Humam Research Project portion of the Facility, in view of representative experimentation requirement scenarios and with the intention of accommodating the Facility within the Initial Operational Capability configuration of the Space Station. Such basic engineering questions as orbital and ground logistics operations and hardware maintenance/servicing requirements are addressed. Biospherics, calcium homeostasis, endocrinology, exercise physiology, hematology, immunology, muscle physiology, neurosciences, radiation effects, and reproduction and development, are among the fields of inquiry encompassed by the Facility.

Primeaux, Gary R.; Miller, Ladonna J.; Michaud, Roger B.

1986-01-01

215

Pupils' Projects from Zambia. Third World Science. A Collection of Third Form Science Projects from Lubushi Seminary, Kasama, Zambia as Written and Drawn by the Pupils Themselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Third World Science Project (TWSP) is designed to add a multicultural element to existing science syllabi (for students aged 11-16) in the United Kingdom. The project seeks to develop an appreciation of the: boundless facination of the natural world; knowledge, skills, and expertise possessed by men/women everywhere; application of knowledge…

University Coll. of North Wales, Bangor (United Kingdom). School of Education.

216

The Andromeda Project: Final Results of Citizen Science Cluster Identification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury (PHAT) survey has completed data collection, having taken over 30 billion pixels of imaging data of the Andromeda galaxy over four years using the Hubble Space Telescope. These data contain the largest sample of star clusters observable in any galaxy, including our own Milky Way. The Andromeda Project is a citizen science project that recruited over 10,000 volunteers to identify thousands of star clusters in the PHAT imaging. We present results culminating from two rounds of cluster searching and the properties of the resulting sample. We discuss catalog completeness results derived from synthetic cluster data. This cluster sample represents a significant advance in our ability to study star and cluster formation on galaxy wide scales. We are using the resulting cluster sample to provide the best available constraints on the high-mass initial mass function and the fraction of star formation that results in bound star clusters.

Seth, Anil; Johnson, L. C.; Wallace, M.; Dalcanton, J.; Kapadia, A.; Lintott, C.; Simpson, R.; Skillman, E. D.; PHAT Team; Andromeda Project Team

2014-01-01

217

Science in the schools - the Extreme Energy Events project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Extreme Energy Events (EEE) project aims to study extended air showers from high energy cosmic rays and extreme energy events by detecting the muon component of the shower. To achieve this goal, a network of muon telescopes has been installed in high schools distributed all over Italy. Each muon telescope consists of three large area (80 × 160 cm2) Multigap Resistive Plate Chambers (MRPCs). Each MRPC has 24 pickup strips read out at both ends; the hit position along the strip is thus deduced from the time difference. This design offers pointing capability, so that the muon direction can be reconstructed. The project has been conceived by Prof. A. Zichichi in order to rekindle the interest of young people in science and give them a first-hand experience of scientific research.

Abbrescia, M.; Antolini, R.; Baldini Ferroli, R.; Bencivenni, G.; Bressan, E.; Chiavassa, A.; Cical, C.; Cifarelli, L.; Coccetti, F.; de Gruttola, D.; Depasquale, S.; Dincecco, M.; Fabbri, F. L.; Frolov, V.; Garbini, M.; Gustavino, C.; Hatzifotiadou, D.; La Rocca, P.; Librizzi, F.; Maggiora, A.; Menghetti, H.; Miozzi, S.; Moro, R.; Panareo, M.; Piragino, G.; Riggi, F.; Romano, F.; Sartorelli, G.; Scapparone, E.; Selvi, M.; Serci, S.; Siddi, E.; Williams, M. C. S.; Zichichi, A.; Zuyeuski, R.; Williams, M. C. S.

2011-06-01

218

New challenges for Life Sciences flight project management.  

PubMed

Scientists have conducted studies involving human spaceflight crews for over three decades. These studies have progressed from simple observations before and after each flight to sophisticated experiments during flights of several weeks up to several months. The findings from these experiments are available in the scientific literature. Management of these flight experiments has grown into a system fashioned from the Apollo Program style, focusing on budgeting, scheduling and allocation of human and material resources. While these areas remain important to the future, the International Space Station (ISS) requires that the Life Sciences spaceflight experiments expand the existing project management methodology. The use of telescience with state-the-art information technology and the multi-national crews and investigators challenges the former management processes. Actually conducting experiments on board the ISS will be an enormous undertaking and International Agreements and Working Groups will be essential in giving guidance to the flight project management Teams forged in this matrix environment must be competent to make decisions and qualified to work with the array of engineers, scientists, and the spaceflight crews. In order to undertake this complex task, data systems not previously used for these purposes must be adapted so that the investigators and the project management personnel can all share in important information as soon as it is available. The utilization of telescience and distributed experiment operations will allow the investigator to remain involved in their experiment as well as to understand the numerous issues faced by other elements of the program The complexity in formation and management of project teams will be a new kind of challenge for international science programs. Meeting that challenge is essential to assure success of the International Space Station as a laboratory in space. PMID:11542522

Huntoon, C L

1999-01-01

219

Improving Environmental Literacy through GO3 Citizen Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Global Ozone (GO3) Project students measure ground-level ozone on a continuous basis and upload their results to a global network used by atmospheric scientists and schools. Students learn important concepts such as chemical measurement methods; instrumentation; calibration; data acquisition using computers; data quality; statistics; data analysis and graphing; posting of data to the web; the chemistry of air pollution; stratospheric ozone depletion and global climate change. Students collaborate with researchers and other students globally in the GO3 network. Wilson K-8 School is located in a suburban area in Pima County, Arizona. Throughout the year we receive high ozone alert days. Prior to joining the GO3 project, my students were unaware of air pollution alerts, risks and causes. In the past when Pima County issued alerts to the school, they were posted on signs around the school. No explanation was provided to the students and the signs were often left up for days. This discounted the potential health effects of the situation, resulting in the alerts effectively being ignored. The GO3 project is transforming both my students and our school community. Now my students are:

  • Performing science research
  • Utilizing technology and increasing their skills
  • Collaborating in a responsible manner on the global GO3 social network
  • Communicating their work to the community
  • Issuing their own ozone alerts to their school
  • Advocating for actions that will improve air quality
My students participation in this citizen science project is creating a more cognizant and active community in regards to air pollution.

Wilkening, B.

2011-12-01

220

The role of the computer in science fair projects: Current status and potential  

SciTech Connect

The need for more students to enter the field of science is acute in the nation, and science fair projects provide a motivational mechanism to entice students into pursuing scientific careers. Computers play a major role in science today. Because computers are a major source of entertainment for our children, one would expect them to play a significant role in many science fair projects. This study investigated current and potential uses of computers in science fair projects and incorporated an informal case study of scientists, teachers, and students involved in science fair projects from a highly scientific community. Interviews, a survey, and observations were conducted. Results indicated that most projects either do not use or inadequately use computers and that a significant potential for more effective use of computers for science fair projects exists.

Trainor, M.S.

1991-01-01

221

Foresight for commanders: a methodology to assist planning for effects-based operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Looking at the battlespace as a system of systems is a cornerstone of Effects-Based Operations and a key element in the planning of such operations, and in developing the Commander's Predictive Environment. Instead of a physical battleground to be approached with weapons of force, the battlespace is an interrelated super-system of political, military, economic, social, information and infrastructure systems to be approached with diplomatic, informational, military and economic actions. A concept that has proved useful in policy arenas other than defense, such as research and development for information technology, addressing cybercrime, and providing appropriate and cost-effective health care, is foresight. In this paper, we provide an overview of how the foresight approach addresses the inherent uncertainties in planning courses of action, present a set of steps in the conduct of foresight, and then illustrate the application of foresight to a commander's decision problem. We conclude that foresight approach that we describe is consistent with current doctrinal intelligence preparation of the battlespace and operational planning, but represents an advance in that it explicitly addresses the uncertainties in the environment and planning in a way that identifies strategies that are robust over different possible ground truths. It should supplement other planning methods.

Davis, Paul K.; Kahan, James P.

2006-06-01

222

Student-teachers’ Dialectically Developed Motivation for Promoting Student-led Science Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

School science systems tend to emphasize teaching and learning about achievements of science (such as laws and theories) at\\u000a the expense of providing students with opportunities to develop realistic conceptions about science and science inquiry and\\u000a expertise they could use to conduct their own science inquiry projects. Among reasons for such an emphasis, teachers’ lack\\u000a of experiences with realistic science

J. Lawrence Bencze; G. Michael Bowen

2009-01-01

223

Analyzing the technical quality of a rubric used to assess science fair projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presenting science fair projects gave students an opportunity to complete a performance assessment that comprised a meaningful task focused on process and subject to standards-based assessment. Students presented science inquiry and engineering design projects to judges at a regional science fair. The judges used the domains of the Potter Rubrics to assess the students' work and assigned a Quality score

Melissa C. Potter

2009-01-01

224

The Interactive Science and Technology Project: The Nuffield Foundation's Launchpad for a European Collaborative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Nuffield project that served as a resource for science centers across England and as a vehicle for the European Collaborative for Science, Industry, and Technology Exhibitions. Discusses the network of contacts extending from the BBC and British Association to science centers worldwide following the inception of the project by the…

Quin, Melanie

1991-01-01

225

The Impact of Project 2061 on Science Education in Northeastern Louisiana Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project 2061, a broad-based science reform movement, was launched by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to define the fundamental science and mathematics American students should know. A second phase of Project 2061 translated the defined learning goals…

Webb, Paula Bauer; Pugh, Ava F.

226

Inquiry Science and Technology Integration Project: A View of Teacher Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Eisenhower-funded science improvement project with activities endorsed by American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), including science as inquiry and technology integration, was conducted by Valdosta State University (VSU) for four years in four Georgia Counties. Positive results…

Gordon, Patricia; Gerber, Brian; Price, Catherine

227

Emergent Filters: Automated Data Verification in a Large-Scale Citizen Science Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research projects that use the efforts of volunteers (â??citizen scientistsâ?ť) to collect data on organism occurrence must address issues of observer variability and species misidentification. While citizen science projects can engage a very large number of volunteers to collect volumes of data, they are prone to contain reporting errors. Our experience with eBird, a citizen science project that engages tens

Steve Kelling; Jun Yu; Jeff Gerbracht; Weng-Keen Wong

2011-01-01

228

Retaining Women in the Sciences: Evidence from Douglass College's Project Super  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the findings of a study of Project SUPER, an intervention program at Douglass College designed to improve retention rates of undergraduate women in math, science, and engineering. Project SUPER is the component of the Douglass Project that is aimed specifically at lst-year students who demonstrate ability and interest in math, science, or engineering. Students were interviewed and

Jennifer L. Fisler; John W. Young; Jean L. Hein

2000-01-01

229

Space Sciences Education and Outreach Project of Moscow State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

sergekras@mail.ru The space sciences education and outreach project was initiated at Moscow State University in order to incorporate modern space research into the curriculum popularize the basics of space physics, and enhance public interest in space exploration. On 20 January 2005 the first Russian University Satellite “Universitetskiy-Tatyana” was launched into circular polar orbit (inclination 83 deg., altitude 940-980 km). The onboard scientific complex “Tatyana“, as well as the mission control and information receiving centre, was designed and developed at Moscow State University. The scientific programme of the mission includes measurements of space radiation in different energy channels and Earth UV luminosity and lightning. The current education programme consists of basic multimedia lectures “Life of the Earth in the Solar Atmosphere” and computerized practice exercises “Space Practice” (based on the quasi-real-time data obtained from “Universitetskiy-Tatyana” satellite and other Internet resources). A multimedia lectures LIFE OF EARTH IN THE SOLAR ATMOSPHERE containing the basic information and demonstrations of heliophysics (including Sun structure and solar activity, heliosphere and geophysics, solar-terrestrial connections and solar influence on the Earth’s life) was created for upper high-school and junior university students. For the upper-university students there a dozen special computerized hands-on exercises were created based on the experimental quasi-real-time data obtained from our satellites. Students specializing in space physics from a few Russian universities are involved in scientific work. Educational materials focus on upper high school, middle university and special level for space physics students. Moscow State University is now extending its space science education programme by creating multimedia lectures on remote sensing, space factors and materials study, satellite design and development, etc. The space sciences educational activity of Moscow State University is a non-profit project and is open for all interested parties. “Space schools” for university teachers and students were held in the autumn of 2004 and 2005. The main objective of those schools was to attract interest in space research. Tutors and students who took part in these schools had never before been involved in the space sciences. The idea behind these schools was to join forces: Moscow State University scientists gave space science lectures, students from different universities (Ulianovsk, Samara, Kostroma and other Russian universities) performed the work (prepared educational material) and their university teachers managed the students. After participating in these schools, both students and teachers started to study space science related topics emphasizing the success of these schools. It is important for the educational community to understand what skills future space scientists and space industry employees must be equipped with. In the next years, emphasis is to be placed on space science education at all educational levels and better communication should be practiced between universities and industry.

Krasotkin, S.

2006-11-01

230

Summaries of Projects Completed in Fiscal Year 1980 (National Science Foundation).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Projects performed under National Science Foundation grants completed in 1980 are summarized. Awards include research grants; grants for symposia, workshops, and conferences; and science education grants. The volume is organized into the following broad d...

1981-01-01

231

Earth Science community support in the EGI-Inspire Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth Science Grid community is following its strategy of propagating Grid technology to the ES disciplines, setting up interactive collaboration among the members of the community and stimulating the interest of stakeholders on the political level since ten years already. This strategy was described in a roadmap published in an Earth Science Informatics journal. It was applied through different European Grid projects and led to a large Grid Earth Science VRC that covers a variety of ES disciplines; in the end, all of them were facing the same kind of ICT problems. .. The penetration of Grid in the ES community is indicated by the variety of applications, the number of countries in which ES applications are ported, the number of papers in international journals and the number of related PhDs. Among the six virtual organisations belonging to ES, one, ESR, is generic. Three others -env.see-grid-sci.eu, meteo.see-grid-sci.eu and seismo.see-grid-sci.eu- are thematic and regional (South Eastern Europe) for environment, meteorology and seismology. The sixth VO, EGEODE, is for the users of the Geocluster software. There are also ES users in national VOs or VOs related to projects. The services for the ES task in EGI-Inspire concerns the data that are a key part of any ES application. The ES community requires several interfaces to access data and metadata outside of the EGI infrastructure, e.g. by using grid-enabled database interfaces. The data centres have also developed service tools for basic research activities such as searching, browsing and downloading these datasets, but these are not accessible from applications executed on the Grid. The ES task in EGI-Inspire aims to make these tools accessible from the Grid. In collaboration with GENESI-DR (Ground European Network for Earth Science Interoperations - Digital Repositories) this task is maintaining and evolving an interface in response to new requirements that will allow data in the GENESI-DR infrastructure to be accessed from EGI resources to enable future research activities by this HUC. The international climate community for IPCC has created the Earth System Grid (ESG) to store and share climate data. There is a need to interface ESG with EGI for climate studies - parametric, regional and impact aspects. Critical points concern the interoperability of security mechanism between both "organisations", data protection policy, data transfer, data storage and data caching. Presenter: Horst Schwichtenberg Co-Authors: Monique Petitdidier (IPSL), Andre Gemünd (SCAI), Wim Som de Cerff (KNMI), Michael Schnell (SCAI)

Schwichtenberg, H.

2012-04-01

232

Drugs foresight 2020: a Delphi expert panel study  

PubMed Central

Background Historically substance misuse has been relatively common in western countries, but comparatively few Finns report drug use. The Drugs 2020 study aimed at foreseeing changes in the drug situation in Finland by the year 2020. Methods The Delphi method was used, utilizing drug experts of the EU national network in Finland. Results Marked growth was foreseen in drug use, especially in synthetic designer drugs and misuse of medicinal drugs. Significant increase was also expected in growing cannabis at home. However, the control of drug market was expected to shift more into the hands of organized crime. No consensus was reached on how drug prices will develop in the time period. Drug use is likely to remain punishable although the use and possession of cannabis may be treated less severely. It seems likely that health and social services resources will be directed towards medicinal treatment. Conclusions Foresight can be utilized in preparing for the future; desirable developments can be fostered, and measures can be taken to curb probable but undesirable lines of development. Based on the results of this study, the experts’ view is that it is highly likely that the Finnish society will have to prepare for an increase in the demand for drug-related care, both in terms of content of the care and financing the services. Also, the forecasted increase in the role of legal prescription medicine used as intoxicants will call for efforts not only in changing prescription practices but in border and police control measures, as well. Parallel developments have been foreseen in the UK and Sweden, and it is likely that similar trends will actualize also in other western countries.

2014-01-01

233

Cooperative General Science Project-A Progress Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-semester program which includes topics from biological and physical sciences at the conceptual level with limited mathematics. The program utilizes multimedia and includes some history of science and science processes. (TS)

Puri, Om P.

1971-01-01

234

A Beginner's Guide to Science Project Competitions in Indiana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a regional science fair in Indiana. Presents guidelines for organization and registration, rules and regulations, display and presentation, science fair advancement opportunities, and other competitions. (SAH)

Zeck, Patricia Arnett

2000-01-01

235

Swiss Life Sciences - a science communication project for both schools and the wider public led by the foundation Science et Cité.  

PubMed

The foundation Science et Cité was founded 1998 with the aim to inform the wider Swiss public about current scientific topics and to generate a dialogue between science and society. Initiated as an independent foundation by the former State Secretary for Science and Research, Dr. Charles Kleiber, Science et Cité is now attached to the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences as a competence center for dialogue with the public. Due to its branches in all language regions of the country, the foundation is ideally suited to initiate and implement communication projects on a nationwide scale. These projects are subdivided into three categories: i) science communication for children/adolescents, ii) establishing a dialogue between science and the wider public, and iii) conducting the role of a national center of competence and networking in science communication. Swiss Life Sciences is a project that fits into all of these categories: a year-round program for schools is complemented with an annual event for the wider public. With the involvement of most of the major Swiss universities, the Swiss National Science Foundation, the foundation Gen Suisse and many other partners, Swiss Life Sciences also sets an example of national networking within the science communication community. PMID:23394243

Röthlisberger, Michael

2012-01-01

236

Guidelines for the use of animals in school science behavior projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offers guidelines for intermediate and secondary students who are participating in classroom and science fair projects with live animals. Such projects should introduce students to ethical issues in animal care and research. Guidelines include qualified supervision and humane considerations.

1981-01-01

237

Land Application of Wastewater Sludges: A National Science Foundation Student-Originated Studies Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a student-originated studies project, funded by the National Science Foundation, on land application of wastewater sludges. Describes the students' proposal, research methods, and evaluation of the project. (DS)

Bender, Timothy J.; Barnard, Walther M.

1981-01-01

238

Science in an Integrated Primary School Project on Water: Part 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes water-related activities in an elementary school science project. These activities focus on electric generators, rainfall, erosion, floating, water conservation, and other areas. Brief comments on developing such a project are included. (JN)

Ward, Alan

1984-01-01

239

Streaking into middle school science: The Dell Streak pilot project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A case study is conducted implementing the Dell Streak seven-inch android device into eighth grade science classes of one teacher in a rural middle school in the Piedmont region of North Carolina. The purpose of the study is to determine if the use of the Dell Streaks would increase student achievement on standardized subject testing, if the Streak could be used as an effective instructional tool, and if it could be considered an effective instructional resource for reviewing and preparing for the science assessments. A mixed method research design was used for the study to analyze both quantitative and qualitative results to determine if the Dell Streaks' utilization could achieve the following: 1. instructional strategies would change, 2. it would be an effective instructional tool, and 3. a comparison of the students' test scores and benchmark assessments' scores would provide statistically significant difference. Through the use of an ANOVA it was determined a statistically significant difference had occurred. A Post Hoc analysis was conducted to identify where the difference occurred. Finally a T-test determined was there was no statistically significance difference between the mean End-of-Grade tests and four quarterly benchmark scores of the control and the experimental groups. Qualitative research methods were used to gather results to determine if the Streaks were an effective instructional tool. Classroom observations identified that the teacher's teaching styles and new instructional strategies were implemented throughout the pilot project. Students had an opportunity to complete a questionnaire three times during the pilot project. Results revealed what the students liked about using the devices and the challenges they were facing. The teacher completed a reflective questionnaire throughout the pilot project and offered valuable reflections about the use of the devices in an educational setting. The reflection data supporting the case study was drawn from the teacher's statements regarding the change in instructional delivery as a respect of using the students' device. The results section of the study will elaborate upon these findings. The study recommendations on the use of the Dell Streak device will address whether further actions as the use of the Streak technology in the classroom and summary section.

Austin, Susan Eudy

240

NASA’s NPOESS Preparatory Project Science Data Segment: A framework for measurement- based earth science data systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Data Segment (SDS) provides a framework for the future of NASA's distributed Earth science data systems. The NPP SDS performs research and data product assessment while using a fully distributed architecture. The components of this architecture are organized around key environmental data disciplines: land, ocean, ozone, atmospheric sounding, and atmospheric composition. The SDS thus

Mathew R. Schwaller; Robert J. Schweiss

2007-01-01

241

Technology Foresight and nuclear test verification: a structured and participatory approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of its mandate, the CTBTO's nuclear explosion monitoring programme aims to maintain its sustainability, effectiveness and its long-term relevance to the verification regime. As such, the PTS is conducting a Technology Foresight programme of activities to identify technologies, processes, concepts and ideas that may serve said purpose and become applicable within the next 20 years. Through the Technology Foresight activities (online conferences, interviews, surveys, workshops and other) we have involved the wider science community in the fields of seismology, infrasound, hydroacoustics, radionuclide technology, remote sensing and geophysical techniques. We have assembled a catalogue of over 200 items, which incorporate technologies, processes, concepts and ideas which will have direct future relevance to the IMS (International Monitoring System), IDC (International Data Centre) and OSI (On-Site Inspection) activities within the PTS. In order to render this catalogue as applicable and useful as possible for strategy and planning, we have devised a "taxonomy" based on seven categories, against which each technology is assessed through a peer-review mechanism. These categories are: 1. Focus area of the technology in question: identify whether the technology relates to (one or more of the following) improving our understanding of source and source physics; propagation modelling; data acquisition; data transport; data processing; broad modelling concepts; quality assurance and data storage. 2. Current Development Stage of the technology in question. Based on a scale from one to six, this measure is specific to PTS needs and broadly reflects Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs). 3. Impact of the technology on each of the following capabilities: detection, location, characterization, sustainment and confidence building. 4. Development cost: the anticipated monetary cost of validating a prototype (i.e. Development Stage 3) of the technology in question. 5. Time to maturity: the number of years until the technology in question reaches Development Stage 3 (i.e. prototype validated). 6. Integration effort: the anticipated level of effort required by the PTS to fully integrate the technology, process, concept or idea into is verification environment. 7. Time to impact: the number of years until the technology is fully developed and integrated into the PTS verification environment and delivers on its full potential. The resulting database is coupled to Pivot, a novel information management software tool which offers powerful visualisation of the taxonomy's parameters for each technology. Pivot offers many advantages over conventional spreadhseet-interfaced database tools: based on shared categories in the taxonomy, users can quickly and intuitively discover linkages, communalities and various interpretations about prospective CTBT pertinent technologies. It is easily possible to visualise a resulting sub-set of technologies that conform to the specific user-selected attributes from the full range of taxonomy categories. In this presentation we will illustrate the range of future technologies, processes, concepts and ideas; we will demonstrate how the Pivot tool can be fruitfully applied to assist in strategic planning and development, and to identify gaps apparent on the technology development horizon. Finally, we will show how the Pivot tool together with the taxonomy offer real and emerging insights to make sense of large amounts of disparate technologies.

Noack, Patrick; Gaya-Piqué, Luis; Haralabus, Georgios; Auer, Matthias; Jain, Amit; Grenard, Patrick

2013-04-01

242

TECHNOLOGY FUTURES ANALYSIS AS A DECISION PROBLEM - THE CASE OF BRAZILIAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the recent advances in the conceptual framework of the Technology Futures Analysis (TFA), some methodological difficulties persist. This article argues that considerable advantages can be reached if usual future analysis practices are executed linked with decision support tools. We describe a case that explicitly integrates a multicriteria decision support method to a foresight approach, namely, the Brazilian

Mauro Zackiewicz; Gilberto Jannuzzi; Isaias Macedo

2004-01-01

243

Role of the computer in science fair projects: Current status and potential.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The need for more students to enter the field of science is acute in the nation, and science fair projects provide a motivational mechanism to entice students into pursuing scientific careers. Computers play a major role in science today. Because computer...

M. S. Trainor

1991-01-01

244

The role of the computer in science fair projects: Current status and potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for more students to enter the field of science is acute in the nation, and science fair projects provide a motivational mechanism to entice students into pursuing scientific careers. Computers play a major role in science today. Because computers are a major source of entertainment for our children, one would expect them to play a significant role in

Trainor

1991-01-01

245

Particles in Action. Study Guide. Unit C2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a four-part unit…

Stocklmayer, Sue

246

Particles in Action. Teacher's Guide. Unit C2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

247

Looking at Life. Study Guide. Unit A2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty

248

What is Matter? Study Guide. Unit C1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a two-part unit…

Stocklmayer, Sue

249

Looking at Life. Teacher's Guide. Unit A2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

250

Project LEO Studies of Science Learning Environments and Outcomes, 1968-1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a summary of the 1977-80 Project LEO studies, which focused on science teaching strategies and learning outcomes for disruptive elementary school children and on more refined application of the "student-structured learning in science" (SSLS) teacher behavioral pattern in secondary school science classrooms. Included within the results…

Matthews, Charles; And Others

251

What Makes Things Happen? Teacher's Guide. Unit B. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Dube, Peter

252

Pacific CRYSTAL Project: Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science literacy leading to fuller and informed participation in the public debate about science, technology, society, and environmental (STSE) issues that produce justified decisions and sustainable actions is the shared and central goal of the Pacific CRYSTAL Project. There is broad agreement by science education researchers that learners need to be able to construct and interpret specific scientific discourses and

Robert J. Anthony; Christine D. Tippett; Larry D. Yore

2010-01-01

253

Pacific CRYSTAL Project: Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science literacy leading to fuller and informed participation in the public debate about science, technology, society, and environmental (STSE) issues that produce justified decisions and sustainable actions is the shared and central goal of the Pacific CRYSTAL Project. There is broad agreement by science education researchers that learners need…

Anthony, Robert J.; Tippett, Christine D.; Yore, Larry D.

2010-01-01

254

Science Students Creating Hybrid Spaces When Engaging in an Expo Investigation Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we report on the experiences of three 9th-grade South African students (13-14 years) in doing open science investigation projects for a science expo. A particular focus of this study was the manner in which these students merge the world of school science with their social world to create a hybrid space by appropriating knowledge…

Ramnarain, Umesh; de Beer, Josef

2013-01-01

255

NASA's NPOESS Preparatory Project Science Data Segment: A Framework for Measurement-based Earth Science Data Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Data Segment (SDS) provides a framework for the future of NASA s distributed Earth science data systems. The NPP SDS performs research and data product assessment while using a fully distributed architecture. The components of this architecture are organized around key environmental data disciplines: land, ocean, ozone, atmospheric sounding, and atmospheric composition. The SDS thus establishes a set of concepts and a working prototypes. This paper describes the framework used by the NPP Project as it enabled Measurement-Based Earth Science Data Systems for the assessment of NPP products.

Schwaller, Mathew R.; Schweiss, Robert J.

2007-01-01

256

Assessing Students' Conceptual Understanding in Science: An introduction about a national project in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we discuss several aspects of the national project, the National Science Concept Learning Study, designed to assess elementary, middle, and secondary students' conceptual understanding in science. After a short introduction to provide some history of the project, we describe the processes used in the integrative study, the participants in the research, the involve- ment of about 30

David F. Treagust

2007-01-01

257

The Science Workbook of Student Research Projects in Food - Agriculture - Natural Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook provides descriptions of research projects for high school and middle school science teachers and students. The projects can be used as demonstrations in the laboratory or classroom to help teachers illustrate the practical application of basic science principles. They can also be used by students, under the guidance of the teachers,…

Darrow, Edward E., Ed.

258

Science Sampler: A project-based environmental unit for teaching content through inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recent science education reform efforts for adolescents have attempted to engage students in science by using project-based instruction (Rivet and Krajcik 2008). The features of project-based learning (PBL) are consistent with the learning needs of many t

Weiland, Ingrid; Cook, Kristin

2010-04-01

259

Analysis of the project synthesis goal cluster orientation and inquiry emphasis of elementary science textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine selected units of commonly used elementary science texts, using the Project Synthesis goal clusters as a framework for part of the examination. An inquiry classification scheme was used for the remaining segment. Four questions were answered: (1) To what extent do elementary science textbooks focus on each Project Synthesis goal cluster?

John R. Staver; Mary Bay

1987-01-01

260

EPSE Project 1: Using Diagnostic Assessment To Improve Science Teaching and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on Project 1 from the Evidence-based Practice in Science Education (EPSE) Research Network. In this project, a group of teachers develop banks of diagnostic questions in four science topic areas: electric circuits, force and motion, matter and chemical change, and biochemical life processes. (DDR)

Millar, Robin; Hames, Vicky

2002-01-01

261

A Major E-Learning Project to Renovate Science Learning Environment in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes a major e-Learning project recently funded by the National Science Council of Taiwan and envisions some of the future research directions in this area. This project intends to initiate the "Center for excellence in e-Learning Sciences (CeeLS): i[superscript 4] future learning environment" at the National Taiwan Normal…

Chang, Chun-Yen; Lee, Greg

2010-01-01

262

Reconsidering the Framework. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first working paper of the Learning in Science Project, "An Initial Framework," outlined what was then seen as the major aims of the project and suggested how these aims might be achieved by three phases of research: exploratory (to observe teaching/learning in Form 1 to 4 science classrooms and to identify difficulties perceived by various…

Osborne, Roger; And Others

263

Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project. Final Report, May 1986-April 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Alabama A & M University Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project (Project SIP) was instituted in response to a need to improve the ability of North Alabama teachers to teach science effectively using the experimental or hands-on appro...

S. Y. Mcguire

1987-01-01

264

The Rise and Fall of the Schools Science Project in East Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews problems associated with implementing the School Science Project (SSP) in Kenya, and the subsequent downfall of the project in the late 1970s. Concludes that the SSP experience raises fundamental questions about secondary science education in Kenya and the rest of the developing world. (BSR)

Lillis, Kevin M.; Lowe, John

1987-01-01

265

The Role of Project Science in the Chandra X-Ray Observatory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Chandra X-Ray Observatory, one of NASA's Great Observatories, has an outstanding record of scientific and technical success. This success results from the efforts of a team comprising NASA, its contractors, the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, the instrument groups, and other elements of the scientific community, including thousands of scientists who utilize this powerful facility for astrophysical research. We discuss the role of NASA Project Science in the formulation, development, calibration, and operation of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. In addition to representing the scientific community within the Project, Project Science performed what we term "science systems engineering". This activity encompasses translation of science requirements into technical requirements and assessment of the scientific impact of programmatic and technical trades. We briefly describe several examples of science systems engineering conducted by Chandra Project Science.

O'Dell, Stephen L.; Weisskopf, Martin C.

2006-01-01

266

Space Science Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet. TB 06-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Space science, or the space sciences, are fields of science that are concerned with the study or utilization of outer space. There are several major fields of space science including astronomy, exobiology, space transport, and space exploration and colonization. In addition, space sciences impact or are related to many other fields, from the…

Shaw, Loretta, Comp.

2006-01-01

267

Magellan Project: Evolving Enhanced Operations Efficiency to Maximize Science Value.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Magellan has been one of NASA's most successful spacecraft, returning more science data than all planetary spacecraft combined. The Magellan Spacecraft Team (SCT) has maximized the science return with innovative operational techniques to overcome anomalie...

A. R. Cheuvront J. C. Neuman J. F. Mckinney

1994-01-01

268

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) Science Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) field campaign will provide a detailed set of observations with which to (1) perform radiative and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) closure studies, (2) evaluate a new retrieval algorithm for aerosol optical depth (AOD) in the presence of clouds using passive remote sensing, (3) extend a previously developed technique to investigate aerosol indirect effects, and (4) evaluate the performance of a detailed regional-scale model and a more parameterized global-scale model in simulating particle activation and AOD associated with the aging of anthropogenic aerosols. To meet these science objectives, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility will deploy the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) and the Mobile Aerosol Observing System (MAOS) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, for a 12-month period starting in the summer of 2012 in order to quantify aerosol properties, radiation, and cloud characteristics at a location subject to both clear and cloudy conditions, and clean and polluted conditions. These observations will be supplemented by two aircraft intensive observation periods (IOPs), one in the summer and a second in the winter. Each IOP will deploy one, and possibly two, aircraft depending on available resources. The first aircraft will be equipped with a suite of in situ instrumentation to provide measurements of aerosol optical properties, particle composition and direct-beam irradiance. The second aircraft will fly directly over the first and use a multi-wavelength high spectral resolution lidar (HSRL) and scanning polarimeter to provide continuous optical and cloud properties in the column below.

Berkowitz, CM; Berg, LK; Cziczo, DJ; Flynn, CJ; Kassianov, EI; Fast, JD; Rasch, PJ; Shilling, JE; Zaveri, RA; Zelenyuk, A; Ferrare, RA; Hostetler, CA; Cairns, B; Russell, PB; Ervens, B

2011-07-27

269

Support of an Active Science Project by a Large Information System: Lessons for the EOS Era  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ability of large information systems to support the changing data requirements of active science projects is being tested in a NASA collaborative study. This paper briefly profiles both the active science project and the large information system involved in this effort and offers some observations about the effectiveness of the project support. This is followed by lessons that are important for those participating in large information systems that need to support active science projects or that make available the valuable data produced by these projects. We learned in this work that it is difficult for a large information system focused on long term data management to satisfy the requirements of an on-going science project. For example, in order to provide the best service, it is important for all information system staff to keep focused on the needs and constraints of the scientists in the development of appropriate services. If the lessons learned in this and other science support experiences are not applied by those involved with large information systems of the EOS (Earth Observing System) era, then the final data products produced by future science projects may not be robust or of high quality, thereby making the conduct of the project science less efficacious and reducing the value of these unique suites of data for future research.

Angelici, Gary L.; Skiles, J. W.; Popovici, Lidia Z.

1993-01-01

270

Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on science instruction and technology: "A 3-D Journey in Space: A New Visual Cognitive Adventure" (Yoav Yair, Rachel Mintz, and Shai Litvak); "Using Collaborative Inquiry and Interactive Technologies in an Environmental Science Project for Middle School Teachers: A Description and Analysis" (Patricia…

Roach, Linda E., Ed.

271

Factors Affecting Construction of Science Discourse in the Context of an Extracurricular Science and Technology Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Doing and learning science are social activities that require certain language, activities, and values. Both constitute what Gee (2005) calls Discourses. The language of learning science varies with the learning context (Lemke, 2001,1990). "Science for All Americans" (AAAS, 1990) and "Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards" (NRC,…

Webb, Horace P.

2009-01-01

272

Infrastructure for Planetary Sciences: Universal planetary database development project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Planetary Data Alliance (IPDA), formally formed under COSPAR (Formal start: from the COSPAR 2008 at Montreal), is a joint international effort to enable global access and exchange of high quality planetary science data, and to establish archive stan-dards that make it easier to share the data across international boundaries. In 2008-2009, thanks to the many players from several agencies and institutions, we got fruitful results in 6 projects: (1) Inter-operable Planetary Data Access Protocol (PDAP) implementations [led by J. Salgado@ESA], (2) Small bodies interoperability [led by I. Shinohara@JAXA N. Hirata@U. Aizu], (3) PDAP assessment [led by Y. Yamamoto@JAXA], (4) Architecture and standards definition [led by D. Crichton@NASA], (5) Information model and data dictionary [led by S. Hughes@NASA], and (6) Venus Express Interoperability [led by N. Chanover@NMSU]. 'IPDA 2009-2010' is important, especially because the NASA/PDS system reformation is now reviewed as it develops for application at the international level. IPDA is the gate for the establishment of the future infrastructure. We are running 8 projects: (1) IPDA Assessment of PDS4 Data Standards [led by S. Hughes (NASA/JPL)], (2) IPDA Archive Guide [led by M.T. Capria (IASF/INAF) and D. Heather (ESA/PSA)], (3) IPDA Standards Identification [led by E. Rye (NASA/PDS) and G. Krishna (ISRO)], (4) Ancillary Data Standards [led by C. Acton (NASA/JPL)], (5) IPDA Registries Definition [led by D. Crichton (NASA/JPL)], (6) PDAP Specification [led by J. Salgado (ESA/PSA) and Y. Yamamoto (JAXA)], (7) In-teroperability Assessment [R. Beebe (NMSU) and D. Heather (ESA/PSA)], and (8) PDAP Geographic Information System (GIS) extension [N. Hirata (Univ. Aizu) and T. Hare (USGS: thare@usgs.gov)]. This paper presents our achievements and plans summarized in the IPDA 5th Steering Com-mittee meeting at DLR in July 2010. We are now just the gate for the establishment of the Infrastructure.

Kasaba, Yasumasa; Capria, M. T.; Crichton, D.; Zender, J.; Beebe, R.

273

Environmental Management Science Program Research Projects to Improve Decontamination and Decommissioning of U.S. Department of Energy Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes fourteen basic science projects aimed at solving decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) problems within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Funded by the Environmental Science Management Program (EMSP), these research projects add...

A. M. Phillips

2003-01-01

274

Comparing project-based learning to direct instruction on students' attitude to learn science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students' attitude towards learning science transform during their middle school years. Research provides data showing the affect of different teaching methods on students' attitude. Two teaching methods compared were project-based learning and direct instruction. Project-based learning uses inquiry to promote student attitude by engaging them and increasing their curiosity in the natural world. Direct instruction uses lecture, worksheets, tests, and labs. The Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA) survey was used to measure student's attitude. The TOSRA has seven subscales labeled as Social Implications of Science, Normality of Scientists, Attitude to Scientific Inquiry, Adaptation to Scientific Attitudes, Enjoyment of Science Lessons, Leisure Interest in Science, and Career Interest in Science. A student's age and gender were variables also used to determine the affect on transformation of attitude using two different teaching methods. The TOSRA survey showed both positive and negative transformation of students' attitude towards science.

Haugen, Marlen Ingvard

275

Scientific Literacy of Adult Participants in an Online Citizen Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizen Science projects offer opportunities for non-scientists to take part in scientific research. Scientific results from these projects have been well documented. However, there is limited research about how these projects affect their volunteer participants. In this study, I investigate how participation in an online, collaborative…

Price, Charles Aaron

2011-01-01

276

Survey Says… An Online Approach for Collecting Student Feedback on Middle School Science Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the results of an action research on middle school student attitudes about three different science projects. Each project had a technology component and was of varying levels of challenge. An online survey collector was used to gather student feedback on their computer comfort levels, skills, and feelings about each project. The author was able to easily disaggregate

Pamela S. Watson

277

Validation Report for the Title IV-C Health Through Science Project, 1979-80.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three objectives were identified regarding the Health Through Science Project, a comprehensive K-12 health project designed to increase student knowledge and understanding of health topic. Topics composing the core curriculum of the project were nutrition, safety, family living skills, personal hygiene and health, and human reproduction. Upon full…

McLean, James E.; And Others

278

Evaluation of authentic science projects on climate change in secondary schools: a focus on gender differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines secondary-school students’ opinions on participating in authentic science projects which are part of an international EU project on climate change research in seven countries. Partnerships between schools and research institutes result in student projects, in which students work with and learn from scientists about the global carbon cycle. This study focuses in particular on differences between male

Elma Dijkstra; Martin Goedhart

2011-01-01

279

Experiential learning through integrated project work: an example from soil science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The planning, implementation and evaluation of an integrated soil science project are examined. The project aimed to develop a wide range of student?centred approaches to learning, whilst promoting the development of a variety of transferable skills and personal qualities. The four project components (fieldwork, laboratory analysis, data interpretation and preparation of a written report) ran in sequence. Only the written

Antony Mellor

1991-01-01

280

Fostering Collaboration in a School District–University Partnership: The Teachers Researching Inquiry?Based Science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how collaboration emerged in a school district–university partnership designed to foster teacher development in the context of elementary science education. The Teachers Researching Inquiry?Based Science project involved four elementary teachers, a school district science mentoring teacher, a school district science coordinator and a university researcher. In this qualitative action research project, a variety of research methods and

Karen Goodnough

2004-01-01

281

Test Every Senior Project: Attitudes of Seniors Concerning Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a comparative study on the attitudes of physics and chemistry students in high schools toward science, scientists, science teachers and "myself as a scientist" compared with those of students who had taken neither course. A semantic differential test, a sentence completion test, and a word association test were used in the test…

Gallagher, James Joseph; Korth, Willard W.

282

The Physiome Projects and Multiscale Modeling [Life sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Physiome Projects are a diverse set of scientifically independent projects addressing integrative systems physiology and biology, conducted by individual investigators and teams from different countries. The emphasis in these projects is on medically related physiology and pharmacology. They gather modeling work, information processing methods and tools, databases, and other resources and make them available to a large research community.

James B. Bassingthwaighte; Howard Jay Chizeck

2008-01-01

283

An Assessment of the Impact of the National Science Foundation's Innovation Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information on technological innovation in the publishing industry was provided to publishers of primary journals in science and technology in the U.S. In the present study, 52 project recipients were interviewed to determine whether the information provi...

B. D. Huybrechts J. M. Strawhorn

1978-01-01

284

Broad Research Project on the Sciences of Complexity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Previous DOE support for 'A Broad Research Program in the Sciences of Complexity' permitted the Santa Fe Institute to initiate new collaborative research within its Integrative Core activities as well as to host visitors to participate in research on spec...

2002-01-01

285

Bringing Dinosaur Science to the Junior Girl Scouts Through a College Service-Learning Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate students in an introductory-level geoscience course successfully designed and conducted a science badge day for the Junior Girl Scouts. With national concerns that girls turn away from science at a young age, a service-learning project was incorporated into a college course with the end result providing a group of girls a positive and fun science-learning experience. A number of

Laura A. Guertin; Edna T. Cao; Karen A. Craig; Alice E. George; Shana T. Goldson; Shanon P. Makatche; Brett T. Radusevich; Charles W. Sandor; Anya T. Takos; Ryan Tuller; James K. Williams; Michael A. Williams

2004-01-01

286

Against All Odds: Tales of Survival of the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) is an interdisciplinary science program that began as a curriculum reform effort in the mid-1960s. This historical study provides insights into the FAST project and contributes to an understanding of the dynamics of survival of curricular and instructional innovations. Data collection methods…

Yamamoto, Karen N.

287

Bilingual communication methods, text versus video, to increase parent involvement and science fair project student achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the responses of families to bilingual communication methods, text versus video, designed to facilitate school to home communication to increase parent involvement and seventh grade student achievement in the science fair project. Using an experimental design, 161 families were randomly selected to receive either a two part informational text or video series during the science fair unit

Rhonda Suzanne Clevenson

2001-01-01

288

How Can I Help My Child with a Science Fair Project?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixteen different suggestions are given to parents for helping their children with science fair projects. Among the 16 suggestions included are contacting people who have expertise in science, helping the child obtain pertinent information, keeping a daily log of research activities. (DS)

DeBruin, Jerome E.

1980-01-01

289

Janice VanCleave's Electricity: Mind-Boggling Experiments You Can Turn into Science Fair Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to provide guidance and ideas for science projects to help students learn more about science as they search for answers to specific problems. The 20 topics on electricity in this book suggest many possible problems to solve. Each topic has one detailed experiment followed by a section that provides additional questions about…

VanCleave, Janice

290

Scientific knowledge and attitude change: The impact of a citizen science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the evaluation of an informal science education project, The Birdhouse Network (TBN) of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. The Elaboration Likelihood Model and the theory of Experiential Education were used as frameworks to analyse the impact of TBN on participants' attitudes toward science and the environment, on their knowledge of bird biology, and on their understanding of

Dominique Brossard; Bruce Lewenstein; Rick Bonney

2005-01-01

291

Snatching Defeat from the Jaws of Victory: When Good Projects Go Bad. Girls and Computer Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In week-long semesters in the summers of 1997, 1998, and 1999, the 6APT (Summer Institute in Computer Science for Advanced Placement Teachers) project taught 240 high school teachers of Advanced Placement Computer Science (APCS) about gender equity in computers. Teachers were then followed through 2000. Results indicated that while teachers, did…

Sanders, Jo

292

CURRENT PROJECTS ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 1964.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION IS THE SIXTH ANNUAL INVENTORY OF RESEARCH PROJECTS WHICH ARE CURRENTLY IN PROGRESS AT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND WHICH DEAL WITH THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. THE INFORMATION INVOLVED IN THIS DOCUMENT WAS COMPILED BY THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOR THE USE OF SCHOLARS, ADMINISTRATORS, AND OTHERS…

PERLMAN, JACOB

293

Bringing Dinosaur Science to the Junior Girl Scouts through a College Service-Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate students in an introductory-level geoscience course successfully designed and conducted a science badge day for the Junior Girl Scouts. With national concerns that girls turn away from science at a young age, a service-learning project was incorporated into a college course with the end result providing a group of girls a positive…

Guertin, Laura A.; Cao, Edna T.; Craig, Karen A.; George, Alice E.; Goldson, Shana T.; Makatche, Shanon P.; Radusevich, Brett T.; Sandor, Charles W.; Takos, Anya T.; Tuller, Ryan; Williams, James K.; Williams, Michael A.

2004-01-01

294

AAAS News: Junior High Schools Focus for New Science Education Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Junior high schools in three states are currently participating in Science Resources for Schools (SRS), a three-year pilot project designed to link schools with the scientific community. Highlights of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)-directed program and program materials are described. Other AAAS educational activities…

Wrather, Joan

1983-01-01

295

Community petascale project for accelerator science and simulation: advancing computational science for future accelerators and accelerator technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the

Panagiotis Spentzouris; John Cary; Lois Curfman McInnes; Warren Mori; Cho Ng; Esmond Ng; Robert Ryne

2008-01-01

296

Los Alamos Science: The Human Genome Project. Number 20, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This article provides a broad overview of the Human Genome Project, with particular emphasis on work being done at Los Alamos. It tries to emphasize the scientific aspects of the project, compared to the more speculative information presented in the popular press. There is a brief introduction to modern genetics, including a review of classic work. There is a broad overview of the Genome Project, describing what the project is, what are some of its major five-year goals, what are major technological challenges ahead of the project, and what can the field of biology, as well as society expect to see as benefits from this project. Specific results on the efforts directed at mapping chromosomes 16 and 5 are discussed. A brief introduction to DNA libraries is presented, bearing in mind that Los Alamos has housed such libraries for many years prior to the Genome Project. Information on efforts to do applied computational work related to the project are discussed, as well as experimental efforts to do rapid DNA sequencing by means of single-molecule detection using applied spectroscopic methods. The article introduces the Los Alamos staff which are working on the Genome Project, and concludes with brief discussions on ethical, legal, and social implications of this work; a brief glimpse of genetics as it may be practiced in the next century; and a glossary of relevant terms.

Cooper, N G; Shea, N [eds.

1992-01-01

297

The Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR) and EoR Key-Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Low-Frequency ARray (LOFAR) is a novel radio-telescope facility with its core and operation center in the Netherlands. LOFAR is one of several current pathfinders toward SKA. One of LOFAR's key science projects is the detection and characterization of the redshifted 21-cm emission from neutral hydrogen coming from the Epoch of Reionization and Dark Ages at redshifts beyond 6. With role-out of the core and outer stations in the Netherlands and related computational facilities nearing completion, science operations are expected to commence soon. I will present a short overview of the current status of LOFAR and that of our Epoch-of-Reionization Key Science Project.

Brentjens, Michiel; Koopmans, L. V. E.; de Bruyn, A. G.; Zaroubi, S.

2011-01-01

298

Science Sampler: The Pet Rock Project--Making the rock cycle come alive!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pet Rock Project provides students with an in-depth understanding of the rock cycle that involves their artistic and creative abilities in the Earth science classroom. The idea of a pet rock was central to the project as a mechanism to make Earth science seem more inviting to reluctant learners. The focus on the development of a rock "animal" is supported by science education research, which reveals that middle school students report more interest in learning about animals versus plants--partly because animals have human-like faces and can interact with people, and their life cycles are easily observed (Wandersee 1986).

Wandersee, James; Clary, Renee

2007-10-01

299

Project science inquiry: An exploration of elementary teachers' beliefs and perceptions about science teaching and learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examined elementary teachers' beliefs and perceptions of effective science instruction and documents how these teachers interpret and implement a model for Inquiry-Based (I-B) science in their classrooms. The study chronicles a group of teachers working in a large public school division and documents how these teachers interpret and implement reform-based science methods after participating in a professional development

Dawn Renee Wilcox

2008-01-01

300

A Professional Development Project for Improving the Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a professional development project aiming to develop practical approaches for the integration of information and communication technologies (ICT) into science education. Altogether, 13 two-day face-to-face seminars and numerous computer network conferences were held during a three-year period. The goals for the project were…

Lavonen, Jari; Juuti, Kalle; Aksela, Maija; Meisalo, Veijo

2006-01-01

301

Connecting Teachers and Students to the Natural World through "Operation Spider": An Aspirations Citizen Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a year-long citizen science project that focused on improving learning for students identified as most at risk of not succeeding at school. This project was one element of a broader university-based aspirations Initiative which aimed to engage students from low socio-economic schools in rigorous learning in order to increase…

Paige, Kathy; Lloyd, David; Zeegers, Yvonne; Roetman, Philip; Daniels, Chris; Hoekman, Brad; Linnell, Lisa; George, Ann-Louise; Szilassy, David

2012-01-01

302

A framework for defining and describing key design features of virtual citizen science projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual citizen science (VCS) uses computer-mediated interaction (usually a Web-based platform) to enable the public to work with professional scientists conducting research. However, there is currently a lack of research about the core features of VCS projects. This would aid professional scientists in engaging in best practices for creating their own VCS projects. This research presents a pilot study applying

Jason Reed; Whitney Rodriguez; Angelique Rickhoff

2012-01-01

303

[Science and Self-Determination Upward Bound National Demonstration Project. Report and Evaluation, First Cycle].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Upward Bound's National Demonstration Project "Science and Self-Determination" (SSD) awarded to the American Indian Educational Opportunity Program at University of Colorado, Boulder, in 1980 shares a common purpose with other Upward Bound Projects: to provide opportunity to low income and otherwise disadvantaged secondary students to attend…

Williams, Richard; And Others

304

LEARNING DISCRETE MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE VIA PRIMARY HISTORICAL SOURCES: Student projects for the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss and present excerpts from classroom project modules based on primary historical sources, being developed by an interdisciplinary faculty team for courses in discrete mathematics, graph theory, combinatorics, logic, and computer science. The goal is to provide motivation, direction, and context for these subjects through student projects based directly on the writings of the pioneers who …rst developed crucial

Janet Heine BARNETT; Guram BEZHANISHVILI; Jerry LODDER; David PENGELLEY; Hing LEUNG; Desh RANJAN

305

Project LOGgED ON: Advanced Science Online for Gifted Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted students are often underserved because they do not have access to highly challenging curriculum. In October, 2002, Project LOGgED ON (www.scrolldown.com/loggedon/) at University of Virginia received federal funding from the Jacob Javits Act to tackle this issue. Those who were part of the LOGgED ON project developed advanced science

Reed, Christine; Urquhart, Jill

2007-01-01

306

Statistics on Science and Technology in Latin America, Experience with UNESCO Pilot Projects, 1972-1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines four UNESCO pilot projects undertaken in 1972 in Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and Uruguay to study the methods used for national statistical surveys of science and technology. The projects specifically addressed the problems of comparing statistics gathered by different methods in different countries. Surveys carried out in Latin…

Thebaud, Schiller

307

New horizons for extreme light physics with mega-science project XCELS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A short review of the Russian mega-science project XCELS and scientific problems to be solved are presented. We discuss the origin of multi-beam design to attain the highest field magnitude at optimal focusing. Then, we formulate particular physical problems of fundamental interest that can be solved within this project.

Bashinov, A. V.; Gonoskov, A. A.; Kim, A. V.; Mourou, G.; Sergeev, A. M.

2014-05-01

308

National Science Foundation 1989 Engineering Senior Design Projects To Aid the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the Bioengineering and Research to Aid the Disabled program of the National Science Foundation, design projects were awarded competitively to 16 universities. Senior engineering students at each of the universities constructed custom devices and software for disabled individuals. This compendium contains a description of each project in…

Enderle, John D., Ed.

309

Critical Project Development Skills in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a short course using an enquiry-based approach to orient final-year students, some of whom have little or no prior experience, in techniques of archival research, critical source investigation, and the management of an extended writing project in the history of science, technology and medicine. The course supplements, rather than replacing, established arrangements for individual project supervision. A

James Sumner; David Kirby

310

Project Flight: Integrating Language Arts, Science, and Math.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the genesis of a workshop for elementary and middle school teachers that would start with literature and then branch out to the sciences and mathematics, focusing on the topic "flight," and taking as its starting point the Greek myth of Daedalus and Icarus. Includes the first two class activities of the workshop. (SR)

Pottle, Jean L.

1998-01-01

311

Enhancing Classroom Discourse in Primary Science: The Puppets Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing classroom discussions that maximise learning through the phases of inquiry in primary science requires a rich repertoire of teacher knowledge and skills. Twelve teachers participated in a professional learning program focussed on building teachers' knowledge, confidence and self-efficacy for managing classroom discourse and using puppets…

Hackling, Mark; Smith, Pru; Murcia, Karen

2011-01-01

312

Linguistics and Information Science. LINCS Project Document Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between the disciplines of linguistics and information science has not yet been studied in depth. We must assess the state of our knowledge of natural language and determine how this knowledge is applicable within the context of an information system. The concept of a natural language information system can be specified in terms…

Montgomery, Christine A.

313

UNESCO Chemistry Teaching Project in Asia: Experiments on Nuclear Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide on nuclear science is divided into two parts. The first part is a discussion of some of the concepts in nuclear chemistry including radioactivity, types of disintegration, radioactive decay and growth, and tracer techniques. The relevant experiments involving the use of radioisotopes are presented in the second part. The…

Dhabanandana, Salag

314

Science Project Ideas about Kitchen Chemistry. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents science experiments that can be conducted in the kitchen. Contents include: (1) "Safety First"; (2) "Chemistry in and Near the Kitchen Sink"; (3) "Chemistry in the Refrigerator"; (4) "Chemistry on the Stove"; (5) "Chemistry on the Kitchen Counter"; and (6) "Further Reading and Internet Addresses." (YDS)

Gardner, Robert

315

Science Shorts: Project BudBurst--Analyzing Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project BudBurst is a national program intended to get students and other "citizen scientists" to participate in a real study about plants, the environment, and climate change. It also provides an excellent opportunity for students to build data-analysis skills. A collaboration of several agencies and universities, the program began last year and attracted thousands of participants from 26 states. The project operates through its user-friendly website and participation is free. This article describes this project and includes a lesson related to how geography can affect plant life cycles.

Davis, Kimberly J.; Coskie, Tracy L.

2008-07-01

316

Bringing Dinosaur Science to the Junior Girl Scouts Through a College Service-Learning Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undergraduate students in an introductory-level geoscience course successfully designed and conducted a science badge day for the Junior Girl Scouts. With national concerns that girls turn away from science at a young age, a service-learning project was incorporated into a college course with the end result providing a group of girls a positive and fun science-learning experience. A number of science and technology badges exist for the Girl Scouts, yet not many of these badges have been completed because of a lack of confidence the troop leaders have in teaching science and a paucity of scheduled science events for the leaders to take their girls. Junior Girl Scout troops were invited to the Pennsylvania State University Delaware County campus to complete a series of hands-on dinosaur science activities that allowed them to earn the Science in Everyday Life badge. At the conclusion of the badge event, the girls reported a greater interest in science, a desire to learn more science, and a desire to complete additional science-related Girl Scout badges.

Guertin, Laura A.; Cao, Edna T.; Craig, Karen A.; George, Alice E.; Goldson, Shana T.; Makatche, Shanon P.; Radusevich, Brett T.; Sandor, Charles W.; Takos, Anya T.; Tuller, Ryan; Williams, James K.; Williams, Michael A.

2004-12-01

317

NPOESS Preparatory Project Science Data Segment: Brief Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) provides remotely-sensed land, ocean, atmospheric, ozone, and sounder data that will serve the meteorological and global climate change scientific communities while also providing risk reduction for the National Polar-...

R. J. Schweiss E. Ho R. Ullman S. Samadi

2006-01-01

318

Science Sampler: A student-centered project focused on obtaining clean drinking water for the community  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project-based science unit, focused on a local environmental issue, created a great deal of interest and learning, as well as drew in the support of the community. The authors designed and implemented the project in a fifth- and sixth-grade classroom when they were Peace Corps volunteers in Central America. Although this project was carried out in Central America, the teaching approach is transferrable to schools in urban and rural contexts in the United States.

Crawford, Barbara; Capps, Daniel; Capps, Krista

2008-12-01

319

Astrophysics Science Project Integrating Research and Education (ASPIRE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides free access to 22 interactive science labs with downloadable simulations for use in grades 4-9. Half of the simulations are related to Astronomy and half pertain to general topics such as simple machines, force and motion, momentum, and kinetic energy. Each interactive lab is designed to be visually attractive and fun as well as mentally challenging for students in the middle grades. Materials include complete lesson plans which were authored collaboratively by teachers and research scientists.

Sokolsky, Pierre

2010-03-25

320

The use of animals in national high school student science fair projects in the United States.  

PubMed

Science fair projects can provide a sound opportunity to teach students the value of scientific methodology without relying on the routine and unnecessary use of animals. Unfortunately, students are often encouraged to use animals in an expendable manner that both duplicates previous experiments and neglects the opportunity to "think outside the box" in order to generate new hypotheses/theories about human health, physiological processes or basic biological concepts. Although at least one national science fair sponsor has changed its policy regarding students' utilisation of vertebrate animals, others continue to encourage the more traditional in vivo experimental projects. This paper will review the guidelines of two major national science fairs in the USA; types of projects conducted that involve animals; numbers of animals involved; interview responses by some student finalists who used vertebrates in their projects; successful initiatives by animal advocates in the USA to eliminate the use of animals in science fairs; and potential areas of outreach to science educators, science fair sponsors, high schools and students. PMID:23581124

Miller-Spiegel, Crystal

2004-06-01

321

Fostering Collaboration in a School District-University Partnership: The Teachers Researching Inquiry-Based Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how collaboration emerged in a school district-university partnership designed to foster teacher development in the context of elementary science education. The Teachers Researching Inquiry-Based Science project involved four elementary teachers, a school district science mentoring teacher, a school district science

Goodnough, Karen

2004-01-01

322

Developing Gender Equity at Home: The Influence of the Exploratorium "Science at Home" Project on Parental Attitudes, Perceptions, and Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of the Exploratorium "Science At Home" project is to provide parents with activities that help foster a culture of learning in their homes. This study explores the impact of this program on family participation in science related activities, parental attitudes toward science, parental participation in science, and parental…

Shore, Linda S.

323

A Place of Transformation: Lessons from the Cosmic Serpent Informal Science Education Professional Development Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cultural disconnect exists between Western scientists and educators and Native communities in terms of scientific worldviews and Indigenous ways of knowing. This cultural disconnect manifests itself in the lack of participation of Native Americans in Western science and a lack of appreciation by Western scientists of Native science. Our NSF-Funded project "Cosmic Serpent: Bridging Native and Western Learning in Museum Settings" set out to provide a way for informal science education practitioners and tribal museum practitioners to learn about these two worldviews in such a way as to inform their educational practice around these concepts. We began with a pilot workshop in year one of this four-year project. We then provided two week-long professional development workshops in three regions within the Western U.S., and culminated with a final conference for all participants. In total, the workshops served 162 participants, including 115 practitioners from 19 tribal museums and 41 science, natural history, and cultural museums; 23 tribal community members; and 24 "bridge people" with knowledge of both Indigenous and Western science. For this article, we focus on the professional and personal transformations around culture, knowledge, science, and worldviews that occurred as a part of this project. We evaluated the collaborative aspects of this grant between the Indigenous Education Institute; the Center for Science Education at the University of California, Berkeley; the Institute for Learning Innovation; Native Pathways; Association for Science and Technology Centers; and the National Museum of the American Indian. Using evaluation results, as well as our personal reflections, we share our learnings from a place of transformation. We provide lessons we learned with this project, which we hope others will find relevant to their own science education work.

Peticolas, L.; Maryboy, N.; Begay, D.; Stein, J.; Valdez, S.; Paglierani, R.

2012-08-01

324

Social Science: PROJECT DESIGN. Educational Needs, Fresno, 1968, Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social studies programs in the Fresno City Unified School District are evaluated as part of PROJECT DESIGN, funded under ESEA Title III. This report surveys the scope and sequence of the social studies program and assesses how well the needs of learners are being met. Visits were made to 16 elementary, junior high, and senior high schools, and…

Sutherland, Jack W.

325

University Undergraduate Projects Can Enhance Sixth-Form Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All medical and veterinary students at the University of Nottingham carry out a third-year dissertation module. This module allows students to spend time experiencing contemporary research methods by engaging in research activities. In 2010, academic staff from the Medical and Veterinary Schools initiated educational research projects that enabled…

James, Esther; Vinten, Claire; Wood, Eleanor; Merrick, Deborah

2011-01-01

326

SSSNOW Project: Helping Make Science Cool for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the atmosphere or on the ground, snow provides students with unique opportunities to discover winter weather patterns. Traditionally, when students study weather, it is limited to the collection of data one would see on a weather report. However, the interdisciplinary Students Synthesizing Snow data in Natural Objective Ways (SSSNOW) project

Huff, Kenneth; Lange, Catherine

2010-01-01

327

Science Shorts: Project BudBurst--Analyzing Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project BudBurst is a national program intended to get students and other "citizen scientists" to participate in a real study about plants, the environment, and climate change. It also provides an excellent opportunity for students to build data-analysis skills. A collaboration of several agencies and universities, the program began last year and…

Davis, Kimberly J.; Coskie, Tracy L.

2008-01-01

328

Illinois Early Learning Project Tip Sheets: Social Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Illinois Early Learning Project (IEL) is funded by the Illinois State Board of Education to provide information resources on early learning and training related to implementing the Illinois Early Learning Standards for parents and for early childhood personnel in all settings. The IEL tip sheets offer suggestions to parents and early childhood…

2003

329

Open Directory Project: Science Resources for Kids and Teens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of links provides access to a variety of online science resources for students at all levels. The resources are organized by type (class web pages, experiments, news articles, and others) and by subject (animals, computers, living things, and others). There is also a small collection of links to magazines and e-zines. For non English speakers, the site provides links to resources in a number of languages (Chinese Simplified, Czech, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish), organized by the same subject categories.

2005-02-26

330

The astronomical observatory of the University of Havana. A project for its rehabilitation as a center for science popularisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The project aims to recover the Astronomical Observatory of the University of Havana (AOUH) for science outreach at the national level, in order to help increasing the interest in science primarily among children and youth.

Mónica de la Guardia Durán

2011-01-01

331

Science Scores in Title I Elementary Schools in North Georgia: A Project Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)'s emphasis of reading, language arts, and mathematics (RLA&M) and its de-emphasis of science has been a source of great concern among educators. Through an objectivist and constructionist framework, this study explored the unforeseen effects of the NCLB on public science education among Title I (TI) and non-Title I (NTI) students. The research questions focused on the effects of NCLB on Criterion Referenced Competency Test (CRCT) scores in the high-stakes subjects of reading, language arts, mathematics and the low stakes subject of science among TI and NTI 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students in a north Georgia County during the 2010/2011 school year. This study also compared instructional time TI and NTI teachers dedicated to science. A causal-comparative quantitative methodology was used to analyze Georgia's public domain CRCT scores. Three independent-samples t tests showed that TI schools exhibited significantly lower Science CRCT scores than did NTI students at all grade levels (p < 0.0001). The data also showed CRCT scores in high-stakes subjects between TI and NTI students converging but science CRCT scores between TI and NTI students diverging. The self-report survey indicated no significant differences between TI and NTI teachers' instructional science time (t (107) = 1.49, p = 0.137). A teacher development project was designed to focus on improving teacher science content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge through a formal introduction to the nature of science. With increasing global science competition, science is more relevant than ever, and communities need students with strong science foundations. Further study is recommended to analyze the factors associated with this science gap between TI and NTI students.

Frias, Ramon

332

Analyzing the technical quality of a rubric used to assess science fair projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Presenting science fair projects gave students an opportunity to complete a performance assessment that comprised a meaningful task focused on process and subject to standards-based assessment. Students presented science inquiry and engineering design projects to judges at a regional science fair. The judges used the domains of the Potter Rubrics to assess the students' work and assigned a Quality score to each project. Using multiple regression, this study found that the mean scores on the Methods and Analysis domains predicted the mean Quality scores. Analyzing the technical quality of the Potter Rubrics addressed some of the measurement and generalizability concerns about performance assessments. Recommendations for future research and implications for practice were examined.

Potter, Melissa C.

333

DOE Research and Development Project Summaries: Science and Technology Projects Funded by the Department of Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information offers insight into the current and future direction of the DOE's research and development projects. DOE R&D Project Summaries, consists of a searchable database providing easy access to information on over 17,000 R&D projects currently ongoing within the DOE.

334

Guidelines for Community-based Ethics Review of Children’s Science Fair Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-level community based ethics committees staffed by teachers, parents and community representatives can readily review\\u000a children’s science fair projects subject to the revision of two core assumptions currently governing children’s Science Fairs.\\u000a The first part of the paper recasts the New Zealand Royal Society guidelines from its primary emphasis on risk to a new assumption,\\u000a without benefit there can be

Martin Tolich

2008-01-01

335

a Positive Science and Technology Experience for Junior GIRL Scouts Through a College Service Learning Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors have begun hosting interactive and collaborative activities at the Pennsylvania State University Delaware County campus for Junior Girl Scouts to earn science- and technology-related badges. Undergraduate nonscience majors enrolled in an introductory-level science course are required to complete a service learning project by developing and conducting a series of hands-on exercises for area Junior Girl Scouts. The girls

Laura A. Guertin; Jennifer L. Rufo

2004-01-01

336

From Engineering Science to Big Science: The NACA and NASA Collier Trophy Research Project Winners  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The chapters of this book discuss a series of case studies of notable technological projects carried out at least in part by the NACA and NASA. The case studies chosen are those projects that won the National Aeronautic Association's (NAA) Collier Trophy for "the greatest achievement in aviation in America, the value of which has been thoroughly demonstrated by use during the preceding year." Looking back on the whole series of projects we can examine both what successes were seen as important at various times, and how the goals and organization of these notable projects changed over time.

Mack, Pamela E. (Editor)

1998-01-01

337

The PISCES Project: How Teacher-Scientist Partners can Enhance Elementary Science Instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The PISCES Project (Partnerships Involving the Scientific Community in Elementary Schools www.sdsa.org/pisces) is an innovative program that brings high quality standards-based elementary science curriculum and hands-on laboratory materials into San Diego County's classrooms. The project is funded by the NSF Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education (GK-12) program. The project was designed and is administered through cooperation among faculty at San Diego State University and the Science Department of the San Diego County Office of Education. Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in science programs in San Diego area universities including San Diego State University, California State University San Marcos, and University of California San Diego partner with elementary school teachers. Through this partnership, the scientist brings scientific expertise to the classroom while the teacher delivers the lesson using current pedagogic methods. This is accomplished during a 3 month partnership in which the scientist joins the teacher in the classroom a few days each week to complete professional kit-based curriculum such as that available from FOSS (Full Option Science System) and STC (Science and Technology for Children). The teachers remain in the program for two years during which they have continuous access to the kit-based curriculum as well as two to three partnership cycles. Teachers receive assistance outside of the classroom as well attending professional development institutes three times a year to establish and maintain effective science teaching methods. The San Diego Science Alliance and other community and industry supporters provide the additionalfunding necessary to provide this teacher professional development Currenty, PISCES is present in over 40 schools and is able to provide partnerships to over 100 classrooms each year. In addition to the work done in San Diego, the project has expanded to Barrow, Alaska with plans to expand to La Paz, Mexico where there are SDSU climate research stations. San Diego and Alaska scientists travel to Barrow twice a year to participate in an intense, month-long science instruction partnership. PISCES collects a variety of data including student work, science attitude surveys, interviews with students and teachers, video, as well as science content knowledge. The students find themselves enjoying science and are deeply impacted by the presence of an actual scientist in their classroom. As PISCES enters its fifth year, it is evident that the combination of continuous support inside and outside of the classroom is successful in developing teacher engagement in science instruction.

Reif, C.; Oechel, W.

2003-12-01

338

Involving stakeholders in the commissioning and implementation of fishery science projects: experiences from the U.K. Fisheries Science Partnership.  

PubMed

Following from similar initiatives worldwide, the U.K.'s Fisheries Science Partnership (FSP) was established in 2003 to provide the fishing industry with opportunities to propose and participate in scientific studies in collaboration with fishery scientists. Key concepts were that most of the available funding would support industry participation, that industry, not scientists, would come up with the ideas for projects, and that commercial fishing vessels and fishing methods would be used to address specific concerns of the fishing industry in a scientifically controlled manner. Nearly 100 projects had been commissioned by March 2012, covering annual time-series surveys of stocks subject to traditional assessment, and ad hoc projects on, e.g. gear selectivity, discard survival, tagging and migration and fishery development. The extent to which the results of the projects have been used by stakeholders, fishery scientists and fishery managers at a national and E.U. level is evaluated, along with the degree of industry interest and involvement, and reasons are identified for successes or failures in the uptake of the results into management and policy. Finally, the question is posed whether the programme has been successful in improving the engagement of the fishing community in the science-management process and in fostering communication and greater trust between fishers, scientists and managers. PMID:24090558

Armstrong, M J; Payne, A I L; Deas, B; Catchpole, T L

2013-10-01

339

A systematic method of stating learning objectives for an ambitious science program: The apqua science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The educational goals and objectives provide a reference for curriculum designers, teachers, and educators, and they are required for evaluation or accreditation processes. This article presents a systematic method to state the learning objectives and analyze the consistency of a secondary school science program developed in Spain. The method is developed through seven steps, starting with data collection and organization,

Samira El Boudamoussi; Magda Medir; Robert Gilabert; Bonifacio Jiménez

2006-01-01

340

Pittsburgh Science Technology Society Project: Instruction Modules. Interrelationships Science--Technology--Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of instruction modules studies the interactions of science, technology, and society (STS) using five activity sets. The introduction module includes activities which show students the STS relationships in their world, develop good organizational skills, develop an understanding of who and what a scientist is, develop graphing…

O'Brien, George, Ed.

341

Physical Oceanography: Project Earth Science. Material for Middle School Teachers in Earth Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is one in a series of Earth science books and contains a collection of 18 hands-on activities/demonstrations developed for the middle/junior high school level. The activities are organized around three key concepts. First, students investigate the unique properties of water and how these properties shape the ocean and the global…

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. Sean

342

An open-ended experiment-project-based learning mode for information and computational science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contrast with the increasing social demands for senior application-oriented talents, the corresponding training and education are far left behind. Drawing on the experiences in cooperation with our German counterparts, and in close combination of teaching activities in the mode of open-ended project-based learning, we propose to apply the open-ended project-based learning mode into experiments of information and computational sciences. Its

Cen Gang; Luo Junyan; Zhang Shaolin

2010-01-01

343

Student cognition and motivation during the Classroom BirdWatch citizen science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine and describe the ways various stakeholders (CBW project developer\\/coordinator, elementary and middle school teachers, and 5th through 8th grade students) envisioned, implemented and engaged in the citizen science project, eBird\\/Classroom BirdWatch. A multiple case study mixed-methods research design was used to examine student engagement in the cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry

Terry Morton Tomasek

2006-01-01

344

Negotiating ownership: Understanding the cultivation of student ownership in an urban science video project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intention of this study is to define student ownership in an informal science learning setting in a low performing middle school in New York City, to investigate what characterizes such ownership, and to determine how to cultivate it. In addition, I am interested in investigating the effects of the students' sense of ownership on their sense of self, in relation to the study and the practice of science and the role of race in power in framing the context in which ownership is cultivated. This is a qualitative study; specifically I apply a critical ethnography framework for both data collection an analysis. This study is based in an informal science video project lasting three years in which two groups of sixth and seventh grade students, made three movies about their perceptions of science, who they felt knew science, and how science related to their lives. In chapter IV, I explain that students' expression of ownership is visible via five main themes. (1) Students viewed themselves in relation to science in ways that are positive, empowering, and full of self-awareness. (2) Students actively and purposefully chose to expend their capital. (3) Students expressed pride around the multiple contexts. (4) Students used the video project to effect positive changes in their lives. (5) Students expressed positive and realistic vision for the role that science played in their lives. In chapter V, I explain that student agency and student ownership share a dialectic relationship in which student agency must be valued to cultivate student ownership and the cultivation of student ownership expands student agency. Lastly, in chapter VII, I explore the role race and power play in framing the context in which ownership is cultivated. Specifically, I argue that in order to cultivate ownership in high-poverty urban science learning environments, the teacher in this environment must be critically reflective of her/his practice and pay particular attention to issues of race and power.

O'Neill, Tara Breckenridge

345

Science Fair Projects Bring It All Together: Collaboration, Information Literacy, and Public Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of school library media specialists in helping students with science fair projects. Topics include selecting a topic; reviewing basic library resources, including print and electronic; remote access to databases; locating information on the Web; word processing and presentation software; and relevant Web sites. (LRW)

Young, Terrence E., Jr.

2000-01-01

346

Making Room for Science in the Classroom. Project M.A.S.T.E.R. I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is often stated that science does not have a central place in the elementary school curriculum, unlike other subjects such as reading, writing, and arithmetic. In response to this concern, a project in Indiana is underway to develop a variety of approaches which integrate new materials, methods, and modes of teaching into the elementary school…

Community Education Roundtable of St. Joseph County, Inc. IN.

347

An evaluation of the National Curriculum Redesign Project: Eighth grade science curriculum pedagogical strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the eighth grade science National Curriculum Redesign Project. The site for this study was an urban secondary school in the British Virgin Islands. The school's population consisted of 1600 students and 120 teachers, where approximately 70% of the students were from low socioeconomic families (Secondary High School Statistical Records,

Lavon P. Chalwell-Brewley

2007-01-01

348

Focused Campaign Increases Activity among Participants in "Nature's Notebook," a Citizen Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science projects, which engage non-professional scientists in one or more stages of scientific research, have been gaining popularity; yet maintaining participants' activity level over time remains a challenge. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential for a short-term, focused campaign to increase participant activity in a…

Crimmins, Theresa M.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Rosemartin, Alyssa H.; Surina, Echo M.; Marsh, Lee; Denny, Ellen G.

2014-01-01

349

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

350

A Bibliography of Elementary and Secondary Marine Science Curriculum Projects and Educational Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography reviews marine science curriculum projects and other educational resource materials. The items are listed in a concise form for value to both elementary and secondary teachers, as well as students. It includes about 40 publishers--industries, school systems and governmental agencies--with entries from 14 of the 21 ocean…

Morgan, Myra J.

351

The Use of Mobile Technologies in Project-Based Science: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to examine how a group of elementary students perceived their engagement in a project-based science intervention investigating the water quality of a local lake. The students collaborated with a scientist to conduct various experiments and used handheld computers to collect and analyze data in order to examine the…

Avraamidou, Lucy

2013-01-01

352

Unit The World of the Soil, First Trial Materials, Inspection Set, [Australian Science Education Project].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Science Education project is producing materials designed for use in grades 7 - 10 of Australian schools. This is the first trial version of a unit expected to take about 20 40-minute periods to complete. Included are a teacher's guide to the unit, four pupil booklets ("Looking at Soils,""Things to do With Soils,""What is it…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

353

Life Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on life science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Life Process, Cells, Levels of Organization, Organ Systems, Food and Oxygen-Photosynthesis, Cycles, Energy, Resources, Cell…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

354

The Biome Project: Developing a Legitimate Parallel Curriculum for Physical Education and Life Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe the outcomes of a parallel curriculum project between life sciences and physical education. Throughout a 6-week period, students in grades two through five became members of teams that represented different animal species and biomes, and concurrently participated in a season of gymnastics skills and…

Hastie, Peter Andrew

2013-01-01

355

Teaching Botanical Identification to Adults: Experiences of the UK Participatory Science Project "Open Air Laboratories"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taxonomic education and botany are increasingly neglected in schools and universities, leading to a "missed generation" of adults that cannot identify organisms, especially plants. This study pilots three methods for teaching identification of native plant species to forty-three adults engaged in the participatory science project "Open Air…

Stagg, Bethan C.; Donkin, Maria

2013-01-01

356

Power and Energy. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

357

Clinical Laboratory Sciences Discipline Advisory Group Final Report. Kentucky Allied Health Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the clinical laboratory sciences in Kentucky and articulation within the field are examined, based on the Kentucky Allied Health Project (KAHP), which designed an articulated statewide system to promote entry and exit of personnel at a variety of educational levels. The KAHP model promotes articulation in learning, planning, and…

Kentucky Council on Public Higher Education, Frankfort.

358

Indonesian Lesson Study in Practice: Case Study of Indonesian Mathematics and Science Teacher Education Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a case study of the experiences under the Indonesian Mathematics and Science Teacher Education Project (IMSTEP) concerning in-service teacher training through the practice of lesson study collaboratively conducted by schools and universities. The purpose of the case study is two-fold: first, to examine the changes in teaching…

Saito, Eisuke; Harun, Imansyah; Kuboki, Isamu; Tachibana, Hideharu

2006-01-01

359

Social Processes and Knowledge Building during Small Group Interaction in a School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the meaning of symmetry of knowledge-based roles for knowledge construction and sharing in social interaction during the report writing phase of an experimental science learning project with four ninth grade students in Finland. Identified four patterns of interaction that differed in terms of their symmetry of knowledge-based roles and…

Arvaja, Maarit; Hakkinen, Paivi; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Etelapelto, Anneli

2002-01-01

360

Oregon's Technical, Human, and Organizational Networking Infrastructure for Science and Mathematics: A Planning Project. Benchmark Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of reports is part of a planning project that aims to establish a coalition of organizations and key people who can work together to bring computerized telecommunications (CT) to Oregon as a teaching tool for science and mathematics teachers and students, and to give that coalition practical ideas for proposals to make CT a…

Lamb, William G., Ed.

361

Science Experiments on File. Experiments, Demonstrations and Projects for School and Home.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, addressed to students for their independent use as well as to teachers as a supplement to the standard texts, contains nearly 100 practical science experiments that cover a wide range of subjects at different grade and ability levels. It is designed to involve students in active scientific experimentation, demonstrations, and projects

Tyler, Vicki, Ed.

362

Making Geology Relevant to Non-Science Majors Through the Environmental Site Assessment Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reports on the effectiveness of The Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) project, which was developed to make geology more relevant to non-science majors in Appalachian State University's Environmental and Applied Geology course. The authors describe the directed-inquiry approach, in which students are guided in applying the geoscience theory learned in the formal classroom setting to the reality of their own independent research projects. Student survey results indicated that this project had a positive impact on students' perceptions of the value and relevance of geoscience.

2003-09-01

363

Science Sampler: Environmental Service Learning--The Clean Air Zone Service Learning Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In September 2006, the Maine Green Schools' facilitators, consisting of environmental specialists from Maine's Department of Environmental Protection and Energy Education Program, kicked off the Clean Air Zone Service Learning Project, a campaign to reduce vehicle idling at schools and communities. This project provides an opportunity for teachers interested in looking at environmental and personal health issues to integrate science with social studies by considering the societal and health implications of air quality. In this project, students become actively engaged in the process of understanding, integrating, synthesizing, and applying knowledge as they work to improve their communities.

Freed, Andrea B.

2008-12-01

364

The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope project and its early science opportunities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Science (NAOC), has started building the largest antenna in the world. Known as FAST, the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope is a Chinese mega-science project funded by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). FAST also represents part of Chinese contribution to the international efforts to build the square kilometer array (SKA). Upon its finishing around September of 2016, FAST will be the most sensitive single-dish radio telescope in the low frequency radio bands between 70 MHz and 3 GHz. The design specifications of FAST, its expected capabilities, and its main scientific aspirations were described in an overview paper by Nan et al. (2011). In this paper, we briefly review the design and the key science goals of FAST, speculate the likely limitations at the initial stages of FAST operation, and discuss the opportunities for astronomical discoveries in the so-called early science phase.

Li, Di; Nan, Rendong; Pan, Zhichen

2013-03-01

365

Marshak Lectureship Talk: SESAME: An International Collaborative Science Project in the Middle East  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this talk I will speak about the international collaborative science project SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East). SESAME is being developed under the umbrella of UNESCO and is modeled closely on CERN. The first beam line will be operational in 2012. Several hundred scientists from the region and other parts of the world are expected to use this facility, which will cover disciplines ranging from archaeology to the medical sciences and nanotechnology. The members of SESAME are (Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Pakistan, Turkey). This makes SESAME a unique multidisciplinary centre in this part of the world. In addition, I will talk about the Nanotechnology Research at Al-Quds University, and my views on science and politics, and international collaboration, in a volatile environment like the Middle East. )

Sowwan, Mukhles

2010-02-01

366

Science Sampler: Project Citizen--Students practice democratic principles while conducting community projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project Citizen is a program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education's congressionally funded Center for Civic Education, which sponsors both domestic and international programs. The Center for Civic Education's Civitas International Programs pair U

Green, Carie; Bryant, Carol; Medina-Jerez, William

2010-03-01

367

Designing and prototyping interactive fluid dynamics exhibits for the Carnegie Science Center: an undergraduate team project experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a team project experience at Carnegie Mellon University in which undergraduate students designed and prototyped interactive exhibits to teach principles of fluid dynamics. The client for the exhibits was the Carnegie Science Center (CSC) in Pittsburgh. The CSC promotes science awareness, focusing primarily on stimulating science appreciation in pre-teenagers through interactive exhibits that create an intuitive understanding

Susan Finger; Cristina H. Amon

1997-01-01

368

Our Planet Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities,…

Stocklmayer, Sue

369

The Chemicals of the Earth. Study Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Stocklmayer, Sue

370

Living Things and Their Food. Study Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty

371

Energy for Living. Teacher's Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

372

Our Planet Earth. Study Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

373

The Chemicals of the Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

374

Learning to be a Scientist. Teacher's Guide. Unit A1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

375

Energy for Living. Study Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide includes activities and…

Hosking, Bunty

376

Atoms and Molecules. Study Guide. Unit 2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a four-part unit…

Mandizha, George

377

Using Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Chidume, Kwashira

378

Using Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

379

Forces in Living Things. Study Guide. Unit H2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty; Zesaguli, Josie

380

Forces in Action. Study Guide. Unit H1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Dube, Peter

381

Forces. 'O' Level Teacher's Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Udwin, Martin

382

Forces. 'O' Level Study Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a five-part unit…

Udwin, Martin

383

Learning to be a Scientist. Study Guide. Unit A1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide introduces students to…

Stocklmayer, Sue

384

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam

385

Sense from Senses. Teacher's Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Simango, Sam

386

An Evaluation of the SOAR-High Project: A Web-Based Science Program for Deaf Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the SOAR-High (Science, Observing, and Reporting-High School) Project, a Web-based earth systems science course involving collaborating teachers and deaf students. Findings indicated students became more proficient in using science process skills stressed by the curriculum, better able to work independently, and more…

Barman, Charles R.; Stockton, Jamie D.

2002-01-01

387

Life, Beginning and Growing. Teacher's Guide. Unit E1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

388

Life, Beginning and Growing. Study Guide. Unit E1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a three-part unit…

Hosking, Bunty

389

Reproducing by Flowers and Seeds. Teacher's Guide. Unit E2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Zesaguli, Josie

390

Reproducing by Flowers and Seeds. Study Guide. Unit E2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and environmental laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide consists of…

Zesaguli, Josie

391

A Smooth Trajectory: Developing Continuity and Progression between Primary and Secondary Science Education through a Jointly-Planned Projectiles Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on findings from a two-year project--'Improving Science Together'--undertaken in 20 primary and four secondary schools in and around Bristol, UK. The project was funded by the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca PLC as part of their national Science Teaching Trust initiative, and had as one of its aims the development of…

Davies, Dan; McMahon, Kendra

2004-01-01

392

Science Roles and Interactions in Adaptive Management of Large River Restoration Projects, Midwest United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most large-river restoration projects include formal or informal implementations of adaptive management strategies which acknowledge uncertainty and use scientific inquiry to learn and refine management options. Although the central role of science in reducing uncertainty is acknowledged in such projects, specific roles and interactions can vary widely, including how science relates to decision-making within the governance of these projects. Our objective is to present some structured generalizations about science roles and interactions as developed from the authors’ experiences in adaptive management of large river restoration in the Midwest United States. Scientific information may be introduced into decision making by scientists acting in any of the three roles common to adaptive management -- action agency representative, stakeholder, or science provider. We have observed that confusion and gridlock can arise when it is unclear if a scientist is acting as an advocate for a stakeholder or management position, or instead as an independent, “honest broker” of science. Although both advocacy and independence are proper and expected in public decision making, it is useful when scientists unambiguously identify their role. While complete scientific independence may be illusory, transparency and peer review can promote the ideal. Transparency comes from setting clear directions and objectives at the decision-making level and defining at the outset how learning will help assess progress and inform decisions. Independent peer reviews of proposals, study plans, and publications serve as a powerful tool to advance scientific independence, even if funding sources present a potential conflict of interest. Selection of experts for scientific advice and review often requires consideration of the balance between benefits of the “outside” expert (independent, knowledgeable but with little specific understanding of the river system), compared to those provided by the “inside” expert (specifically knowledgeable but may be perceived as lacking independence). Both perspectives are important and can be accommodated in larger programs. Several river restoration programs in the Midwest have evolved towards hierarchical structures with transient peer-review panels with inside and outside experts invoked at the project level, and standing science advisory committees composed of outside experts for perspective of the entire program. The standing committee may have a variety of roles including providing: a) perspective on how individual restoration contribute to holistic, system-wide restoration objectives, b) understanding of how the science portfolio could be prioritized and diversified, and c) explanation and outreach to managers, stakeholders, scientists, and the public. Investments in rigorous science and science review can be considerable, amounting to over 20 percent of total restoration costs in large restoration programs. Justification depends on whether this investment is effective in informing decision making and providing an improved scientific foundation for restoration.

Jacobson, R. B.; Galat, D. L.; Smith, C. B.

2010-12-01

393

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators is essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modeling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multi-physics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2008-07-01

394

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science And Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators And Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modelling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multiphysics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-10-21

395

PROJECT PRAIRIE BIRDS: A CITIZEN SCIENCE PROJECT FOR WINTERING GRASSLAND BIRDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coastal prairies are the primary winter destination for two dozen species of migratory grassland birds and losses of this habitat have proven detrimental to their populations. As a result, some of Partners in Flight's (PIF) highest priority birds are grassland species. To examine grassland bird use of coastal prairies, Project Prairie Birds survey methodology was designed and field work was

SUSAN A. HEATH; C LIFFORD E. SHACKELFORD; CECILIA M. RILEY

2008-01-01

396

Project for the Space Science in Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction: Based on the proposal call of the Government of Russian Federation 40 of international scientists came to Russia for developing and support-ing research capabilities of national educational institutions. Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK) and invited scientist Prof. Dr. Jurgen Oberst were awarded a grant to establish a capable research facility concerned with Planetary Geodesy, Cartography and Space Exploration. Objectives: The goals of the project are to build laboratory infrastructure, and suitable capability for MIIGAiK to participate in the planning, execution and analyses of data from future Russian planetary mis-sions and also to integrate into the international science community. Other important tasks are to develop an attractive work place and job opportunities for planetary geodesy and cartography students. For this purposes new MIIGAiK Extraterrestrial Laboratory (MExLab) was organized. We involved professors, researchers, PhD students in to the projects of Moon and planets exploration at the new level of Russian Space Science development. Main results: MExLab team prepare data for upcom-ing Russian space missions, such as LUNA-GLOB and LUNA-RESOURSE. We established cooperation with Russian and international partners (IKI, ESA, DLR, and foreign Universities) and actively participated in international conferences and workshops. Future works: For the future science development we investigated the old Soviet Archives and received the access to the telemetry data of the Moon rovers Lunokhod-1 and Lunokhod-2. That data will be used in education purposes and could be the perfect base for the analysis, development and support in new Russian and international missions and especially Moon exploration projects. MExLab is open to cooperate and make the consortiums for science projects for the Moon and planets exploration. Acknowledgement: Works are funded by the Rus-sian Government (Project name: "Geodesy, cartography and the study of planets and satellites", contract No. 11.G34.31.0021 dd. 30.11.10)

Semenov, M.; Oberst, J.; Malinnikov, V.; Shingareva, K.; Grechishchev, A.; Karachevtseva, I.; Konopikhin, A.

2012-04-01

397

Cubberley/Lockheed Science Project Final Report, Volume 1 - Narrative Report. A Development Program to Attain Stated Behavioral Objectives in Science: A System Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book represents the final report of the planning phase in the development of an instructional system to be implemented at Cubberley High School in the Palo Alto Unified School District. The purpose of this project is to develop a pilot science learning system in the earth/life sciences. The systems analysis approach was utilized in an attempt…

New York State Psychological Association, Inc., New York.

398

The effect of the BalloonSat project on middle and high school students' attitude toward science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study measured the effect of completing a BalloonSat project on student attitude toward science. Seven categories of student attitudes toward science were measured using the Test of Science Relate Attitudes survey (TOSRA). The research anticipated that the BalloonSat project would have similar effects on student attitudes as found in robotics projects, like FIRST. The researcher also investigated whether gender moderated the effects of the BalloonSat project. This study enrolled 138 students from three states and one Canadian province. Students were free to select membership in either the treatment group or the control group. Student attitude toward science was measured prior to the start of the study and at its completion. Mean scores for the control and treatment group were then compared using an analysis of covariance. The effect of the BalloonSat project only affected one attitude toward science, Leisure Interest in Science. The study did not find gender was a factor in the effects of the BalloonSat project. This study is the first study of the BalloonSat project on grade 7--10 students and provides some evidence that a BalloonSat project can impact middle and high school attitude toward science.

Verhage, L. Paul

399

Rare isotope accelerator project in Korea and its application to high energy density sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a national science project, the Korean government has recently established the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) with the goal of conducting world-class research in basic sciences. One of the core facilities for the IBS will be the rare isotope accelerator which can produce high-intensity rare isotope beams to investigate the fundamental properties of nature, and also to support a broad research program in material sciences, medical and biosciences, and future nuclear energy technologies. The construction of the accelerator is scheduled to be completed by approximately 2017. The design of the accelerator complex is optimized to deliver high average beam current on targets, and to maximize the production of rare isotope beams through the simultaneous use of Isotope Separation On-Line (ISOL) and In-Flight Fragmentation (IFF) methods. The proposed accelerator is, however, not optimal for high energy density science, which usually requires very high peak currents on the target. In this study, we present possible beam-plasma experiments that can be done within the scope of the current accelerator design, and we also investigate possible future extension paths that may enable high energy density science with intense pulsed heavy ion beams.

Chung, M.; Chung, Y. S.; Kim, S. K.; Lee, B. J.; Hoffmann, D. H. H.

2014-01-01

400

The role of assessment infrastructures in crafting project-based science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In project-based science teaching, teachers engage students in the practice of conducting meaningful investigations and explanations of natural phenomena, often in collaboration with fellow students or adults. Reformers suggest that this approach can provide students with more profitable learning experiences; but for many teachers, a shift to such instruction can be difficult to manage. As some reform-minded teachers have discovered, classroom assessment can serve as a vital tool for meeting the challenges associated with project science activity. In this research, classroom assessment was viewed as an infrastructure that both students and teachers rely upon as a mediational tool for classroom activity and communications. The study explored the classroom assessment infrastructures created by three teachers involved in the Learning through Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project from 1993--94 to 1995--96. Each of the three teachers under study either created a new course or radically reformulated an old one in an effort to incorporate project-based science pedagogy and supporting technologies. Data in the form of interviews, classroom observations, surveys, student work, and teacher records was collected. From these data, an interpretive case study was developed for each course and its accompanying assessment infrastructure. A set of cross-case analyses was also constructed, based upon common themes that emerged from all three cases. These themes included: the assessment challenges based on the nature of project activity, the role of technology in the teachers' assessment infrastructure designs, and the influence of the wider assessment infrastructure on their course and assessment designs. In combination, the case studies and cross-case analyses describe the synergistic relationship between the design of pedagogical reforms and classroom assessment infrastructures, as well as the effectiveness of all three assessment designs. This work contributes to research and practice associated with assessment and pedagogical reform in three ways. First, it provides a theoretical frame for the relationship between assessment and pedagogical reform. Second, it provides a set of taxonomies which outline both the challenges of project-based science activity and typical assessment strategies to meet them. Finally, it provides a set of cautions and recommendations for designing classroom assessment infrastructures in support of project-based science.

D'Amico, Laura Marie

401

River and riparian restoration in the southwest: Results of the National River Restoration Science Synthesis project  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Restoration activity has exponentially increased across the Southwest since 1990. Over 37,000 records were compiled into the National River Restoration Science Synthesis (NRRSS) database to summarize restoration trends and assess project effectiveness. We analyzed data from 576 restoration projects in the Southwest (NRRSS-SW). More than 50% of projects were less than or equal to 3 km in length. The most common restoration project intent categories were riparian management, water quality management, in-stream habitat improvement, and flow modification. Common project activities were well matched to goals. Conservative estimates of total restoration costs exceeded $500 million. Most restoration dollars have been allocated to flow modification and water quality management. Monitoring was linked to 28% of projects across the Southwest, as opposed to just 10% nationwide. Mean costs were statistically similar whether or not projects were monitored. Results from 48 telephone interviews provided validation of NRRSS-SW database analyses but showed that project costs are often underreported within existing datasets. The majority of interviewees considered their projects to be successful, most often based upon observed improvements to biota or positive public reaction rather than evaluation of field data. The efficacy of restoration is difficult to ascertain given the dearth of information contained within most datasets. There is a great need for regional entities that not only track information on project implementation but also maintain and analyze monitoring data associated with restoration. Agencies that fund or regulate restoration should reward projects that emphasize monitoring and evaluation as much as project implementation. ?? 2007 Society for Ecological Restoration International.

Follstad, Shah, J. J.; Dahm, C. N.; Gloss, S. P.; Bernhardt, E. S.

2007-01-01

402

Adult-Rated Oceanography Part 1: A Project Integrating Ocean Sciences into Adult Basic Education Programs.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Busy scientists seek opportunities to implement education and outreach efforts, but often don't know where to start. One easy and tested method is to form collaborations with federally-funded adult education and adult literacy programs. These programs exist in every U.S. state and territory and serve underrepresented populations through such major initiatives as adult basic education, adult secondary education (and GED preparation), and English language acquisition. These students are workers, consumers, voters, parents, grandparents, and members of every community. They have specific needs that are often overlooked in outreach activities. This presentation will describe the steps by which the Oregon Ocean Science and Math Collaborative program was developed. It is based on a partnership between the Oregon Department of Community Colleges and Workforce Development, Oregon State University College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon Sea Grant, and the OSU Hatfield Marine Science Center. It includes professional development through instructor institutes; teachers at sea and informal education opportunities; curriculum and web site development. Through the partnership described here, instructors in adult basic education programs participate in a yearlong experience in which they develop, test, and adapt innovative instructional strategies to meet the specific needs of adult learners. This, in turn, leads to new prospects for study in the areas of ocean science and math and introduces non-academic careers in marine science to a new community. Working directly with instructors, we have identified expertise level, instructional environment, instructor background and current teaching strategies used to address science literacy and numeracy goals of the adult learners in the State of Oregon. Preliminary evaluation of our ongoing project in meeting these goals will be discussed. These efforts contribute to national goals of science literacy for all, by providing learning activities that link ocean sciences with real-life issues relevant to employment, environment and economic concerns.

Cowles, S.; Collier, R.; Torres, M. K.

2004-12-01

403

Fundamental remote sensing science research program: The Scene Radiation and Atmospheric Effects Characterization Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Scene Radiation and Atmospheric Effects Characterization (SRAEC) Project was established within the NASA Fundamental Remote Sensing Science Research Program to improve our understanding of the fundamental relationships of energy interactions between the sensor and the surface target, including the effect of the atmosphere. The current studies are generalized into the following five subject areas: optical scene modeling, Earth-space radiative transfer, electromagnetic properties of surface materials, microwave scene modeling, and scatterometry studies. This report has been prepared to provide a brief overview of the SRAEC Project history and objectives and to report on the scientific findings and project accomplishments made by the nineteen principal investigators since the project's initiation just over three years ago. This annual summary report derives from the most recent annual principal investigators meeting held January 29 to 31, 1985.

Deering, D. W.

1985-01-01

404

Improving science literacy: The knowledge-transforming process within an on-line professional development project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined connections between science literacy and writing. Science e-mails were written as content-oriented professional development materials for K-8 teachers. E-mail drafts underwent multiple revisions. The study data included drafts, final e-mails, and feedback from the supervising scientist and the e-mails' teacher audience. The analyses, informed by Bereiter & Scardamalia's knowledge-transforming process (1987), Schindler's audience theories (2001), and Johnson and Aragon's on-line instruction framework (2003), sought connections among three components: the writer's struggle between content and discourse, audience, and format. The e-mail drafts indicated a large percentage of text changes involving two or more of the components, primarily concerning discourse. Redundancies surfaced among the components, indicating Bereiter and Scardamalia's knowledge-transforming process sufficiently explained the e-mail project; additional format and audience models were unnecessary. Recommendations for extending the knowledge-transforming process specifically for science are included.

Sherwood, Susan A.

405

Science in Hawaii/Haawina Hoopapau: A Culturally Responsive Curriculum Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The marvels of modern science often fail to engage indigenous students, as the content and instructional style are usually rooted in the Western experience. This 3 year project, funded by the US Dept. of Education for the Education of Native Hawaiians, offers a curriculum that teaches science through (rather than just about) Native Hawaiian culture. The curriculum focuses on the interdependence of natural resources in our ahupuaa, or watersheds, and helps students strengthen their sense of place and self to malama i ka aina, to care for the land. Further, the curriculum is designed to: engage students in scientific study with relevant, interesting content and activities; improve student achievement of state department of education standards; increase student knowledge and skills in science, math and language arts; respond to the learning needs of Native Hawaiian and/or at-risk students. The project will be presented by a curriculum writer who created and adapted more than a year's worth of materials by teaming with kupuna (respected elders), local cultural experts and role models, educators (new, veteran, Hawaiian, non-Hawaiian, mainland, general and special education teachers), and professionals at the Center on Disability Studies at the University of Hawaii and ALU LIKE, Inc, a non-profit organization to assist Native Hawaiians. The materials created thus far are available for viewing at: www.scihi.hawaii.edu The curriculum, designed for grades 8-11 science classes, can be used to teach a year-long course, a unit, or single lesson related to astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, geology, oceanography, physical and environmental sciences. This project is in its final year of field testing, polishing and dissemination, and therefore this session will encourage idea sharing, as does our copyright free Web site.

Galloway, L. M.; Roberts, K.; Leake, D. W.; Stodden, R. S.; Crabbe, V.

2005-12-01

406

Sharing Techniques and Experience in a Collaborative e-Social Science Pilot Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on insights from a collective ethnographic approach in the development of a multidisciplinary and collaborative e-social science project. Our pilot demonstrator explored the multidimensionality of social exclusion with regard to young people, neighborhood and crime, and in so doing developed user-led and data-driven Grid technologies. This collective ethnographic approach fostered reflexive development, which we define as 'situated

Bridgette Wessels; Max Craglia; Robin S. Smith

407

National Science Foundation Project on Advanced Online Education in Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) project # DUE-0196015 is aimed to develop innovative Web-based and screaming media-based teaching and learning technologies to be used in advanced online education in information technology (IT) curriculum. It is hosted by the InterLabs Research Institute (IRI) at Bradley University (Peoria, IL). Today, streaming media technology is one of

Vladimir Uskov; Alexander Uskov

2004-01-01

408

The Energy Problem: What the Helios Project Can Do About it (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema

The energy problem is one of the most important issues that science and technology has to solve. Nobel laureate and Berkeley Lab Director Steven Chu proposes an aggressive research program to transform the existing and future energy systems of the world away from technologies that emit greenhouse gases. Berkeley Lab's Helios Project concentrates on renewable fuels, such as biofuels, and solar technologies, including a new generation of solar photovoltaic cells and the conversion of electricity into chemical storage to meet future demand.

Chu, Steven

2011-04-28

409

The Energy Problem: What the Helios Project Can Do About it (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

SciTech Connect

The energy problem is one of the most important issues that science and technology has to solve. Nobel laureate and Berkeley Lab Director Steven Chu proposes an aggressive research program to transform the existing and future energy systems of the world away from technologies that emit greenhouse gases. Berkeley Lab's Helios Project concentrates on renewable fuels, such as biofuels, and solar technologies, including a new generation of solar photovoltaic cells and the conversion of electricity into chemical storage to meet future demand.

Chu, Steven

2007-04-23

410

Staff Development for Vocational Education Teachers at the Mario Umana Harbor School of Science and Technology. Project STEP.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A staff development project to create closer integration and mutual support between specialized science and technology curricula and vocational education courses is described. Project activities are listed, and a statement of underlying assumptions is provided. A list of guidelines for coordinating shop and academic projects follows. Guidelines…

Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge.

411

Goals and Methods in Science, Mathematics and Technology Education in the Netherlands. Report of a Conference in the Framework of the OECD Project, 'Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education.'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) project "Science, Mathematics, and Technology" is to formulate recommendations for educational policy. Preparations for the project were made in each of the various member countries. Reported here are the results of the Netherlands meeting. The conference and this report…

Krabbendam, Hans, Ed.; de Vries, Marc, Ed.

412

Project first and eye on the sky: strategies for teaching space science in the early grades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Elementary educators typically have only limited opportunity to teach substantive science units. This is due, in great part, to the current primary focus on literacy and mathematics instruction in the early grades. It is not surprising then, that the time and resources allocated to science teaching are significantly less than those allocated to language arts and mathematics. The integration of elementary science curricula with language arts provides one means of addressing the challenge of maintaining a robust science presence in the elementary classroom. Project FIRST's Eye on the Sky suggests a model for the successful integration of science instruction with language arts through inquiry-based learning. The model has been adopted by other Education/Public Outreach efforts, most recently, the Cassini- Huygens Mission and the Space Telescope Institute. We will present Eye on the Sky: Our Star the Sun, a suite of integrated, inquiry-based lessons designed specifically for K-4 students and discuss data showing the program's impact on the user audience. These materials offer an exciting opportunity to explore the dynamic Sun and share research discoveries of NASA's Sun-Earth Connection with the elementary education community. The lessons were developed and tested by UC Berkeley educators and NASA scientists in partnership with classroom teachers. We will review the program components and examine the benefits and challenges inherent in implementing such a program in the elementary school setting.

Paglierani, R.; Hawkins, I.

413

Watching the sky for science: the S’COOL Rover project (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Students’ Cloud Observations On-Line (S’COOL) Project, begun in 1997, seeks to motivate students across the entire K-12 spectrum to learn science basics and how they tie in to a larger picture. The project uses a connection to an on-going NASA science investigation, the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) project, as a powerful motivator. S’COOL participants collect cloud observations which are used to ground truth CERES satellite measurements. Students from 78 countries around the world participate in S’COOL, creating a global online community of citizen scientists.In 2008 the project was officially extended into wider public participation through the development of the S’COOL Rover capability. Leveraging new web and computer developments, the Rover website enables people anywhere (see figure for source of reports so far) to obtain satellite overpass times, report observations, and explore matching satellite data processed within a week. It also provides necessary background information explaining why these observations are needed and how to make and report them. Shortly after the Rover site was developed, the Around the Americas Project, run by the Pacific Science Center and Sailors for the Sea, contacted S’COOL. They are currently making periodic cloud observations from a sailboat on a one-year journey circumnavigating the North and South American continents using the S’COOL Rover capability. This has provided a unique opportunity to obtain ground truth cloud observations for CERES from remote areas such as the Northwest Passage, while providing interesting reports and photos for S’COOL students and the “Roving” public alike to explore. This paper will present the latest results from the S’COOL Rover website, and the impact that public participation is having on CERES research into the cloud effects on the Earth’s radiation budget and climate.

Chambers, L. H.; Rogerson, T. M.; Ludwig, K. A.; Lewis, P. M.; Madigan, J.; Moore, S. W.; Fischer, J. D.

2009-12-01

414

The Rural Outreach Science Education Opportunities (ROSEO) Project in Northern Colorado  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education in the rural areas of Northern Colorado has historically suffered from both a limited access to the science education facilities which are located along the base of the Northern Colorado Front Range as well as from the limited resources available within the school districts themselves. The ROSEO project seeks to address some of these issues through the initiation of an outreach effort to these rural areas and the subsequent establishment of an in-depth, rurally oriented test-bed teacher training program in astronomy and space science. The central vehicle for the implementation of this program is the Science Discovery Center which was founded in 1989 in Fort Collins, Colorado and has since established itself as a high-quality resource for science education in the Northern Colorado region. In this presentation we describe the use of a travelling portable Starlab as an outreach tool by which planetarium simulations of the night sky can be provided in a regular on-site daytime classroom environment to large numbers of students over extensive areas of Northern Colorado. Such a classroom experience can serve as the starting point for the discussion of a wide variety of topics in astronomy and space science. It is hoped that the information gained from these outreach efforts will ultimately lead to the development of an educational template which will be of considerable use to other rural areas in circumstances similiar to those found in Northern Colorado. This work is funded by the Space Telescope Science Institute of the NASA-IDEAS grant program.

TeBockhorst, D.; Radman, C.; Geiselman, A.; Culver, R. B.

2005-05-01

415

Bilingual communication methods, text versus video, to increase parent involvement and science fair project student achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research examined the responses of families to bilingual communication methods, text versus video, designed to facilitate school to home communication to increase parent involvement and seventh grade student achievement in the science fair project. Using an experimental design, 161 families were randomly selected to receive either a two part informational text or video series during the science fair unit taught at a culturally diverse urban middle school. The bilingual informational materials were created and produced by the staff at the research site. Measures were taken to make sure all families could access the informational materials and innovations such as a special travel envelope and reminding procedures aided data collection. Surveys measuring variables on a Likert scale with spaces for comments were collected from the parents and students. An interrater reliability study was completed to measure the agreement of the two teachers who used a grading checklist to score science fair project achievement. Quantitative methods including ANOVA and MLR were used to examine the data in terms of student achievement and the communication method (text or video), audience (students and parents), and the anticipated outcome (parent help). Nonparametric and qualitative data analyses were used to explore how families used and responded to the informational materials. Significant results were that the video communication method was positively associated with student achievement on the science fair project. Significant main effects were observed for the student characteristics, educational services (general and special education, and English as a Second Language), and previous achievement in science, and the parent characteristics, previous experience with science fair projects, primary viewing language (English or Spanish), and expectations for student achievement. Student achievement was not significantly related to the amount or usefulness of parent help. The amount of student reported parent help was not significantly related to the communication method. The family viewing arrangements for the informational materials, parents alone or together with students, were significantly related to the primary viewing language and communication method. Recommendations are made for the current study as well as future studies and possible applications to other school settings.

Clevenson, Rhonda Suzanne

416

Citizen Science participation in the NASA CERES Students' Cloud Observations Online Project (S'COOL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many science programs designed for the classroom see little participation when school is not in session. Many factors, such as materials, cost, needing a teacher to lead discussion, and reporting/assessment criteria are classroom-centric. The S'COOL project has the ability to serve not only as a classroom-teaching tool, but as a citizen science project in which anyone can help NASA collect cloud data. Since its inception in 1997, the S'COOL project has invited help from the citizen science community from age 6 to 99. The S'COOL project has the ability to reach everyone in the world through satellite overpasses. This provides the citizen scientist with a temporal "match", i.e., the opportunity to make cloud observations "looking up" as various NASA Earth observing satellites make cloud observations "looking down" at the same location. After an observation is made, the observing scientist completes an online report form and sends this directly to NASA Langley Research Center's Atmospheric Science Data Center. After the satellite data are processed, generally within a week, an auto-generated email informs the observer of what the satellite observed, compared side-by-side with what they observed. All of the observations are stored in a database for later viewing and analysis. The ability to view satellite matches and past observations allows the citizen scientist to develop good scientific practices, particularly skills in cloud observation and data analysis techniques. Much of the success of the S'COOL project can be associated with its aim as a classroom-based program that transcends to the citizen science community. This allows both parties to have access to the same materials and data, creating an authentic science experience. Another avenue of success can be found in the project's translation of materials into French and Spanish. Translation provides a multicultural perspective and enables broader participation. Since the aim of the S'COOL project is to collect ground truth data for CERES the 3 satellites currently carrying those instruments provide several options for scheduling. Should the citizen scientist be of school age, the student will be able to take the skills learned with the S'COOL project from the backyard to the classroom - or vice versa. S'COOL has attracted some unique citizen scientists over the years, providing ground truth observations from several unique locations. These include a group that circumnavigated the American continents, a woman who has rowed solo across all the world's oceans, and planned participation this fall from several Pacific research cruises. Classroom students turn ROVER observers, or citizen scientists that observe from varying locations, help over summer breaks and vacations. This is the case with a dedicated Connecticut elementary classroom that observes clouds as a class and is assigned summer work as roving observers to continue the data collection over their break. Outcomes: This paper will summarize the S'COOL project's experience with a variety of citizen scientists over the course of activities to date.

Lewis, P. M.; Moore, S.; Crecelius, S.; Rogerson, T.; Chambers, L. H.

2012-12-01

417

PROJECT ICAN: A PROF ESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT TO PROMOTE TEACHERS' AN D STUDENTS' KNOWLEDG E OF NATURE OF SCIENCE AN D SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project ICAN is a teacher enhancement project that includes a three -week summer institute followed by monthly workshops during the aca demic year. There were 52 teachers who participated in a summer institute focusing on nature of science (NOS), scientific inquiry (SI), and unified concepts through a series of explicit\\/reflective activities, readings, and discussions. In addition, teacher s engaged in

NORMAN G. LEDERMAN; JUDITH S. LEDERMAN

2004-01-01

418

The GeoBus project: a mobile Earth science outreach project for secondary schools in the UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GeoBus is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews. It is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (high) schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. These linkages are important for introducing career opportunities in Earth sciences. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 140 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 20,000 pupils will have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities by December 2013, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run workshops, field excursions and Enterprise Challenges. GeoBus provides 16 workshops which can be adapted for different learning levels. Workshops are 50 to 80 minute sessions for up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. The Enterprise Challenges are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Current topics are Drilling for Oil, Renewable Energy, a Journey to Mars and Scotland's Rock Story. Drilling for Oil and Renewable Energy were designed to incorporate ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. These challenges develop geological skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in the natural resources sector. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.

Robinson, R. A.; Roper, K. A.; Macfarlane, D.; Pike, C.

2013-12-01

419

Outcomes of the primary and early childhood science and technology education project at the university of Canberra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of the Primary and Early Childhood Science and Technology Education Project (PECSTEP) is to improve teaching and learning in science and technology of by increasing the number of early childhood and primary teachers who are effective educators. PECSTEP is based on an interactive model of teaching and systematically links work on gender with the learning and teaching of science and technology. The project involves: a year-long inservice program which includes the development of a science curriculum unit by teachers in their schools; linking of the preservice and inservice programs; and the development of support networks for teachers. Each phase of PECSTEP has been researched by means of surveys, interviews and the use of diaries. Research questions have focussed particularly on changes in: teachers’ and student teachers’ attitudes to teaching science and technology; their perceptions of science and technology; their perceptions of their students’ responses and their understandings of how gender relates to these areas.

Hardy, Tim; Bearlin, Margaret; Kirkwood, Valda

1990-01-01

420

Using Kinetics Experiments from "The Journal of Chemical Education" as the Basis for High School Science Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the selection, source, funding, time constraints, and community support involved in developing carefully planned and executed science projects. Lists 21 kinetics experiments noting the instrumentation needed and the original references. (MVL)

Liebermann, John, Jr.

1988-01-01

421

Learning Science in Grades 3–8 Using Probeware and Computers: Findings from the TEEMSS II Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Technology Enhanced Elementary and Middle School Science II project (TEEMSS), funded by the National Science Foundation,\\u000a produced 15 inquiry-based instructional science units for teaching in grades 3–8. Each unit uses computers and probeware to\\u000a support students’ investigations of real-world phenomena using probes (e.g., for temperature or pressure) or, in one case,\\u000a virtual environments based on mathematical models. TEEMSS units

Andrew A. Zucker; Robert Tinker; Carolyn Staudt; Amie Mansfield; Shari Metcalf

2008-01-01

422

Achieving Standards in Urban Systemic Reform: An Example of a Sixth Grade Project-Based Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A challenge for urban systemic reform initiatives in science education has been to achieve local, state, and national standards for teaching and learning. We have collaborated with teachers in the Detroit Public School System to design project-based curriculum materials that contextualize the learning of science in meaningful real-world problems,…

Rivet, Ann E.; Krajcik, Joseph S.

2004-01-01

423

Using the Communication in Science Inquiry Project professional development model to facilitate learning middle school genetics concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the effect of embedding content in the Communication in Inquiry Science Project professional development model for science and language arts teachers. The model uses four components of successful professional development (content focus, active learning, extended duration, participation by teams of teachers from the same school or grade level) and instructional strategies for inquiry, academic language development, written

Dale R. Baker; Elizabeth B. Lewis; Sibel Uysal; Senay Purzer; Michael Lang; Perry Baker

2011-01-01

424

Effective teaching in the contexts of Internet science projects: American and Russian teachers' perspectives of best practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statement of the problem. Science education literature had agreed that an important goal in students' learning is the development of scientific and technological literacy. One effort that teachers have integrated into their practices for addressing this goal has been teaching within the contexts of Internet Science Projects. Greater awareness of teachers' perspectives of their best practices and their beliefs and

Brian Mumma

2002-01-01

425

The Potentials of Student Initiated Netspeak in a Middle Primary Science-inspired Multiliteracies Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is no denying that the information technology revolution of the late twentieth century has arrived. Whilst not equitably accessible for many, others hold high expectations for the contributions online activity will make to student learning outcomes. Concurrently, and not necessarily consequentially, the number of science and technology secondary school and university graduates throughout the world has declined substantially, as has their motivation and engagement with school science (OECD 2006). The aim of this research paper is to explore one aspect of online activity, that of forum-based netspeak (Crystal 2006), in relation to the possibilities and challenges it provides for forms of scientific learning. This paper reports findings from a study investigating student initiated netspeak in a science inspired multiliteracies (New London Group 2000) project in one middle primary (aged 7-10 years) multi-age Australian classroom. Drawing on the theoretical description of the five phases of enquiry proposed by Bybee (1997), an analytic framework is proffered that allows identification of student engagement, exploration, explanation, elaboration and evaluation of scientific enquiry. The findings provide insight into online forums for advancing learning in, and motivation for, science in the middle primary years.

Ridgewell, Jay; Exley, Beryl

2011-11-01

426

The how and why of societal publications for citizen science projects and scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the scientific community, the importance of communication to society is often underestimated. Scientists and scientific organisations often lack the skills to organise such communication effectively. The Dutch citizen science phenology network Nature's Calendar has been successful in communicating to the general public via numerous newspaper articles, television appearances, presentations, websites and social media. We refer to these publications as societal publications. Due to active communication to mass media, we frequently reach millions of people. This communication helped us to involve thousands of volunteers in recording the timing of phenological events like the start of flowering, leaf unfolding and bird migration, but also several health-related events like hay fever symptoms and tick bites. In this paper, we analyse and present our experiences with the Nature's Calendar project regarding societal publications. Based on this analysis, we explain the importance of societal publications for citizen science projects and scientists in general, and we show how scientists can increase the newsworthiness of scientific information and what factors and activities can increase the chances of media paying attention to this news. We show that societal publications help phenological networks by facilitating the recruitment, retention and instruction of observers. Furthermore, they stimulate the generation of new ideas and partners that lead to an increase in knowledge, awareness and behavioural change of the general public or specific stakeholders. They make projects, and scientists involved, better known to the public and increase their credibility and authority. Societal publications can catalyse the production of new publications, thereby enforcing the previous mentioned points.

van Vliet, Arnold J. H.; Bron, Wichertje A.; Mulder, Sara

2014-04-01

427

The how and why of societal publications for citizen science projects and scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the scientific community, the importance of communication to society is often underestimated. Scientists and scientific organisations often lack the skills to organise such communication effectively. The Dutch citizen science phenology network Nature's Calendar has been successful in communicating to the general public via numerous newspaper articles, television appearances, presentations, websites and social media. We refer to these publications as societal publications. Due to active communication to mass media, we frequently reach millions of people. This communication helped us to involve thousands of volunteers in recording the timing of phenological events like the start of flowering, leaf unfolding and bird migration, but also several health-related events like hay fever symptoms and tick bites. In this paper, we analyse and present our experiences with the Nature's Calendar project regarding societal publications. Based on this analysis, we explain the importance of societal publications for citizen science projects and scientists in general, and we show how scientists can increase the newsworthiness of scientific information and what factors and activities can increase the chances of media paying attention to this news. We show that societal publications help phenological networks by facilitating the recruitment, retention and instruction of observers. Furthermore, they stimulate the generation of new ideas and partners that lead to an increase in knowledge, awareness and behavioural change of the general public or specific stakeholders. They make projects, and scientists involved, better known to the public and increase their credibility and authority. Societal publications can catalyse the production of new publications, thereby enforcing the previous mentioned points.

van Vliet, Arnold J. H.; Bron, Wichertje A.; Mulder, Sara

2014-05-01

428

The effects of topic choice in project-based instruction on undergraduate physical science students' interest, ownership, and motivation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motivating nonscience majors in science and mathematics studies became one of the most interesting and important challenges in contemporary science and mathematics education. Therefore, designing and studying a learning environment, which enhances students' motivation, is an important task. This experimental study sought to explore the implications of student autonomy in topic choice in a project-based Physical Science Course for nonscience majors' on students' motivational orientation. It also suggested and tested a model explaining motivational outcomes of project-based learning environment through increased student ownership of science projects. A project, How Things Work, was designed and implemented in this study. The focus of the project was application of physical science concepts learned in the classroom to everyday life situations. Participants of the study (N = 59) were students enrolled in three selected sections of a Physical Science Course, designed to fulfill science requirements for nonscience majors. These sections were taught by the same instructor over a period of an entire 16-week semester at a large public research university. The study focused on four main variables: student autonomy in choosing a project topic, their motivational orientation, student ownership of the project, and the interest in the project topic. Achievement Goal Orientation theory became the theoretical framework for the study. Student motivational orientation, defined as mastery or performance goal orientation, was measured by an Achievement Goal Orientation Questionnaire. Student ownership was measured using an original instrument, Ownership Measurement Questionnaire, designed and tested by the researchers. Repeated measures yoked design, ANOVA, ANCOVA, and multivariate regression analysis were implemented in the study. Qualitative analysis was used to complement and verify quantitative results. It has been found that student autonomy in the project choice did not make a significant impact on their motivational orientation, while their initial interest in the project topic did. The latter was found to be related to students' ownership of the project, which was found to lead to improved mastery goal orientation. These findings indicate that incorporating project-based learning in science teaching may lead to increased student mastery goal orientation, and may result in improved science learning.

Milner-Bolotin, Marina

2001-07-01

429

Building capacity in a health sciences library to support global health projects.  

PubMed

This paper describes how a large, academic health sciences library built capacity for supporting global health at its university and discusses related outcomes. Lean budgets require prioritization and organizational strategy. A committee, with leadership responsibilities assigned to one librarian, guided strategic planning and the pursuit of collaborative, global health outreach activities. A website features case studies and videos of user stories to promote how library partnerships successfully contributed to global health projects. Collaborative partnerships were formed through outreach activities and from follow-up to reference questions. The committee and a librarian's dedicated time established the library's commitment to help the university carry out its ambitious global agenda. PMID:24860264

Lackey, Mellanye; Swogger, Susan; McGraw, Kathleen A

2014-04-01

430

Building capacity in a health sciences library to support global health projects*  

PubMed Central

This paper describes how a large, academic health sciences library built capacity for supporting global health at its university and discusses related outcomes. Lean budgets require prioritization and organizational strategy. A committee, with leadership responsibilities assigned to one librarian, guided strategic planning and the pursuit of collaborative, global health outreach activities. A website features case studies and videos of user stories to promote how library partnerships successfully contributed to global health projects. Collaborative partnerships were formed through outreach activities and from follow-up to reference questions. The committee and a librarian's dedicated time established the library's commitment to help the university carry out its ambitious global agenda.

Lackey, Mellanye; Swogger, Susan; McGraw, Kathleen A.

2014-01-01

431

Against all odds: Tales of survival and growth of the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the dynamics of survival and growth of curricular and instructional innovations. It focuses on the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) project, a long-term survivor of reform in science education. Key questions guiding this study include: (1) How did the FAST project survive over the past 30 years? (2) What elements are essential for long-term survival and growth of an innovative science program? (3) Why did the project continue to survive amidst several waves of educational reform? The core of my conceptual framework is that the odds of survival and growth of curricular and instructional innovations are increased by the extent to which resources, theory-based curriculum development processes, and professional development strategies are not only incorporated into but also interdependent within a project. With this framework as a guide, the main methods of data collection were document analysis, interviews, and observations. FAST, developed by the University of Hawaii's Curriculum Research and Development Group (CRDG), consists of a sequential and interdisciplinary middle and high school science program for students in grades 6-10. According to the results of this study, the project was able to survive by receiving constant organizational support from CRDG and a steady source of State funding through the university since 1966; it also retained a relatively small but stable staff of highly qualified project personnel. Formulated on a discipline-based theory that values development of students' intellectual capacities as the platform for curriculum research, design, and development, the FAST project translated this vision of science education into key elements of an innovative program that survived and thrived: (1) an interdisciplinary program consisting of physical, biological, and earth sciences; inquiry as content and process; history and philosophy of science; and links between and among sciences, technology, and society; and (2) teaching and learning strategies that model a community of practicing scientists. This study also identified the main elements of professional development strategies essential for an innovative project's survival and growth: linking curriculum development to required pre-implementation inservice training, engaging project personnel in both of these phases recruiting, training a cadre of experienced FAST teachers as inservice trainers, and providing follow-up professional development seminars. In conclusion, the FAST project survived mainly because the longevity of its leaders gave stability and continuity to the project. Against many odds such as limited financial resources and a small number of staff positions relative to the project's scope, the leaders managed with whatever resources were available to link theory-based curriculum development with professional development and, thereby, increase the project's chances for survival and growth.

Yamamoto, Karen Kina

432

University of Wisconsin-Madison Oral History Project: Women in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin - Madison Oral History Project began as an effort to interview prominent emeritus faculty members about their research and careers at the University. The Project's scope has expanded now to include interviews with campus administrators, staff, and students as well as faculty. Several themes have been taken up over the years, such as the Teaching Assistants Strike of 1970 or the protests against the Vietnam War. The new series is on Women in Science and Engineering and includes both interviews conducted prior to 2003, as well as new interviews currently being conducted as part of the series. Although transcripts must be ordered and tapes available for listening by appointment, the website provides tape indexes, which are essentially interview summaries, and a few sample sound clips and transcripts.

433

Projected Response of the Science, Engineering, and Technical Labor Market to Defense and Nondefense Needs: 1982-87. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings of a special analysis designed to project science, engineering, and technician (SET) personnel requirements of both defense and nondefense sectors during the 5-year period ending in 1987 and to assess the projected supply of such personnel available to meet those requirements. Following an introduction, the report is…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

434

Supporting Teachers' Use of a Project-Based Learning Environment in Ocean Science: Web-Based Educative Curriculum Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of inquiry and project-based materials is challenging in many ways, not the least of which is the design of supports for teachers implementing such materials. We report on the design of educative and just-in-time teacher supports for an online project-based unit in ocean science. The teacher supports were visible as tabs on the…

Duncan, Ravit Golan; El-Moslimany, Hebbah; McDonnell, Janice; Lichtenwalner, Sage

2011-01-01

435

Approaches to Teaching Energy. Energy and Ourselves/Energy for the Consumer. Children's Learning in Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the period 1984-1986, over 30 teachers from the Yorkshire (England) region have worked in collaboration with the Children's Learning in Science Project (CLIS) developing and testing teaching schemes in the areas of energy, particle theory, and plant nutrition. The project is based upon the constructivist approach to teaching. This guide…

Leeds Univ. (England). Centre for Studies in Science and Mathematics Education.

436

A smooth trajectory: Developing continuity and progression between primary and secondary science education through a jointly-planned projectiles project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reports on findings from a two-year project--'Improving Science Together'--undertaken in 20 primary and four secondary schools in and around Bristol, UK. The project was funded by the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca PLC as part of their national Science Teaching Trust initiative, and had as one of its aims the development of cross-phase liaison between secondary school science departments and their feeder primary schools. Our findings suggest that, as a result of joint planning and implementation of a bridging unit, there had been an increase in the secondary school teachers' understanding of both the range of the science curriculum covered in primary schools and pupils' levels of attainment in the procedures of scientific enquiry. There was also evidence that transfer assessment information was informing planning and that pupils were experiencing greater continuity in their science education.

Davies, Dan; McMahon, Kendra

2004-08-01

437

The future is here: A review of foresight systems in anxiety and depression.  

PubMed

Cognitive models of anxiety and depression have long suggested a central role for future-oriented thinking in these disorders. Experimental studies suggest that anxiety and depression are characterised by distinct future-oriented thinking profiles, and that these profiles are markedly different from those of asymptomatic adults. In this paper, we review these profiles and propose two explanatory models marked by two different neurocognitive systems. The Reconstructive Memory Model emphasises a role for emotionally driven learning and retrieval in episodic foresight (i.e., the construction of future-oriented scenarios), and the Valuation Model proposes that an overweighing of risk and uncertainty estimates can be invoked to explain the future-oriented thought patterns. We consider the effectiveness of interventions aimed at altering such thought patterns. We suggest that future research aimed at elucidating the neurobiological underpinnings of future-oriented thinking in anxiety and depression can play an important role in advancing development of effective biological and psychosocial interventions for these disorders. PMID:24320101

Miloyan, Beyon; Pachana, Nancy A; Suddendorf, Thomas

2014-08-01

438

NonDyWebTools an e-Science and e-Learning project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nonlinear Dynamics Web Tools is an e-Science and e-Learning project which is beginning to be developed in the University of The Rioja. The goal it pursues is to encourage scientific collaboration through Internet at the level of Dynamics Systems, in general, and in Astrodynamics, in particular. In this project a Web-Site embedding in Moodle is going to be built which, on the one hand, will allow project collaborators to integrate applications they develop in the Web-Site, and, on the other, ease access to those researchers and students who are interested in the use of these applications and the theoretical knowledge they are based on. Another of the objectives which we propose in this project is that each one of the applications can count on the collaboration of the researcher responsible for the development in question, assessing users, and even offering the possibility of adapting the code to the characteristics of the proposed problem, in the case that the code is not valid and that such modification be possible.

San-Juan, J. F.; López, R.

2010-10-01

439

COMPASS, the COMmunity Petascale project for Accelerator Science and Simulation, a board computational accelerator physics initiative  

SciTech Connect

Accelerators are the largest and most costly scientific instruments of the Department of Energy, with uses across a broad range of science, including colliders for particle physics and nuclear science and light sources and neutron sources for materials studies. COMPASS, the Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation, is a broad, four-office (HEP, NP, BES, ASCR) effort to develop computational tools for the prediction and performance enhancement of accelerators. The tools being developed can be used to predict the dynamics of beams in the presence of optical elements and space charge forces, the calculation of electromagnetic modes and wake fields of cavities, the cooling induced by comoving beams, and the acceleration of beams by intense fields in plasmas generated by beams or lasers. In SciDAC-1, the computational tools had multiple successes in predicting the dynamics of beams and beam generation. In SciDAC-2 these tools will be petascale enabled to allow the inclusion of an unprecedented level of physics for detailed prediction.

Cary, J.R.; Spentzouris, P.; Amundson, J.; McInnes, L.; Borland, M.; Mustapha, B.; Ostroumov, P.; Wang, Y.; Fischer, W.; Fedotov, A.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Ryne, R.; Esarey, E.; Geddes, C.; Qiang, J.; Ng, E.; Li, S.; Ng, C.; Lee, R.; Merminga, L.; Wang, H.; Bruhwiler, D.L.; Dechow, D.; Mullowney, P.; Messmer, P.; Nieter, C.; Ovtchinnikov, S.; Paul, K.; Stoltz, P.; Wade-Stein, D.; Mori, W.B.; Decyk, V.; Huang, C.K.; Lu, W.; Tzoufras, M.; Tsung, F.; Zhou, M.; Werner, G.R.; Antonsen, T.; Katsouleas, T.; Morris, B.

2007-07-16

440

An evaluation of the National Curriculum Redesign Project: Eighth grade science curriculum pedagogical strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the eighth grade science National Curriculum Redesign Project. The site for this study was an urban secondary school in the British Virgin Islands. The school's population consisted of 1600 students and 120 teachers, where approximately 70% of the students were from low socioeconomic families (Secondary High School Statistical Records, 2006). The school's population was tri-cultural and consisted of approximately more Black West Indian, than Hispanic and Caucasian students and teachers. The school employed a student centered and pedagogical approach. The classroom's structure comprised of heterogeneously grouped inclusion classes with class sizes ranging between 27--40 students. The results of several studies revealed that the school's graduates did not have vital skills to work and effectively function in the work place (Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, 2000). These findings challenged the curriculum attributes and the school's pedagogical practices as it relates to providing powerful discourse in good instruction and improved academic achievement skills. Thus, the National Curriculum Redesign Project was developed to ensure teaching-learning components work together to foster significant learning practices. The review of the literature informed and substantiated the research and the related research questions. The population sample consisted of three secondary school science teachers and 26 students. Questionnaires and interview data collecting tools were employed. The data was analyzed to identify patterns and themes in responses. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies and percentage were used to support qualitative information and recommendations were made.

Chalwell-Brewley, Lavon P.

441

Integrated learning of mathematics, science and technology concepts through LEGO/Logo projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examined integrated learning in the domains of mathematics, science and technology based on Piaget's constructivism, Papert's constructionism, and project-based approach to education. Ten fifth grade students were involved in a two-month long after school program where they designed and built their own computer-controlled LEGO/Logo projects that required the use of gears, ratios and motion concepts. The design of this study centered on three notions of integrated learning: (1) integration in terms of what educational materials/settings provide, (2) integration in terms of students' use of those materials, and (3) integration in the psychological sense. In terms of the first notion, the results generally showed that the LEGO/Logo environment supported the integrated learning of math, science and technology concepts. Regarding the second notion, the students all completed impressive projects of their own design. They successfully combined gears, motors, and LEGO parts together to create motion and writing control commands to manipulate the motion. But contrary to my initial expectations, their successful designs did not require numerical reasoning about ratios in designing effective gear systems. When they did reason about gear relationships, they worked with "qualitative" ratios, e.g., "a larger driver gear with a smaller driven gear increases the speed." In terms of the third notion of integrated learning, there was evidence in all four case study students of the psychological processes involved in linking mathematical, scientific, and/or technological concepts together to achieve new conceptual units. The students not only made connections between ideas and experiences, but also recognized decisive patterns and relationships in their project work. The students with stronger overall project performances showed more evidence of synthesis than the students with relatively weaker performances did. The findings support the conclusion that all three notions of the integrated learning are important for understanding what the students learned from their project work. By considering these notions together, and by deliberating about their interrelations, we take a step towards understanding the integrated learning.

Wu, Lina

442

The how and why of societal publications for citizen science projects and scientists.  

PubMed

In the scientific community, the importance of communication to society is often underestimated. Scientists and scientific organisations often lack the skills to organise such communication effectively. The Dutch citizen science phenology network Nature's Calendar has been successful in communicating to the general public via numerous newspaper articles, television appearances, presentations, websites and social media. We refer to these publications as societal publications. Due to active communication to mass media, we frequently reach millions of people. This communication helped us to involve thousands of volunteers in recording the timing of phenological events like the start of flowering, leaf unfolding and bird migration, but also several health-related events like hay fever symptoms and tick bites. In this paper, we analyse and present our experiences with the Nature's Calendar project regarding societal publications. Based on this analysis, we explain the importance of societal publications for citizen science projects and scientists in general, and we show how scientists can increase the news worthiness of scientific information and what factors and activities can increase the chances of media paying attention to this news. We show that societal publications help phenological networks by facilitating the recruitment, retention and instruction of observers. Furthermore, they stimulate the generation of new ideas and partners that lead to an increase in knowledge, awareness and behavioural change of the general public or specific stakeholders. They make projects, and scientists involved, better known to the public and increase their credibility and authority. Societal publications can catalyse the production of new publications, thereby enforcing the previous mentioned points. PMID:24705824

van Vliet, Arnold J H; Bron, Wichertje A; Mulder, Sara

2014-05-01

443

Alaska's Secondary Science Teachers and Students Receive Earth Systems Science Knowledge, GIS Know How and University Technical Support for Pre- College Research Experiences: The EDGE Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alaska's secondary school teachers are increasingly required to provide Earth systems science (ESS) education that integrates student observations of local natural processes related to rapid climate change with geospatial datasets and satellite imagery using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology. Such skills are also valued in various employment sectors of the state where job opportunities requiring Earth science and GIS training are increasing. University of Alaska's EDGE (Experiential Discoveries in Geoscience Education) program has provided training and classroom resources for 3 cohorts of inservice Alaska science and math teachers in GIS and Earth Systems Science (2005-2007). Summer workshops include geologic field experiences, GIS instruction, computer equipment and technical support for groups of Alaska high school (HS) and middle school (MS) science teachers each June and their students in August. Since 2005, EDGE has increased Alaska science and math teachers' Earth science content knowledge and developed their GIS and computer skills. In addition, EDGE has guided teachers using a follow-up, fall online course that provided more extensive ESS knowledge linked with classroom standards and provided course content that was directly transferable into their MS and HS science classrooms. EDGE teachers were mentored by University faculty and technical staff as they guided their own students through semester-scale, science fair style projects using geospatial data that was student- collected. EDGE program assessment indicates that all teachers have improved their ESS knowledge, GIS knowledge, and the use of technology in their classrooms. More than 230 middle school students have learned GIS, from EDGE teachers and 50 EDGE secondary students have conducted original research related to landscape change and its impacts on their own communities. Longer-term EDGE goals include improving student performance on the newly implemented (spring 2008) 10th grade, standards-based, High School Qualifying Exam, on recruiting first-generation college students, and on increasing the number of Earth science majors in the University of Alaska system.

Connor, C. L.; Prakash, A.

2007-12-01

444

Asteroid precovery. A citizen-science project using the Virtual Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Precovery is the process of finding an astronomical object in archive data taken before the discovery of the object. The Virtual Observatory project makes it much easier to access large collection of images in astronomical archives and, thus, opens the possibility to explore them to find more information about certain objects, for instance, Near Earth Asteroids. We have started a citizen-science project that combines some automatic algorithms, Virtual Observatory techniques and the participation of many people that, not being professional astronomers, help to find professional results and make a significant contribution to the accurate knowledge of the orbits of NEAs. The project started in July 2011 and during its first year more than 3000 registered users have collaborated to make more than 164.000 measurements corresponding to around 7600 archive images and 1000 different NEAs. As a result of this work, around 2300 new data, for more than 500 objects, have been submitted to the Minor Planet Center for publication. The great reception of the system as well as the results obtained makes it a valuable and reliable tool for improving the orbital parameters of Near Earth Asteroids.

Rodrigo, C.; Solano, E.; Pulido, R.

2013-05-01

445

Decision making in the reward and punishment variants of the iowa gambling task: evidence of "foresight" or "framing"?  

PubMed

Surface-level differences in the reward and punishment variants, specifically greater long-term decision making in the punishment variant of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) observed in previous studies led to the present comparison of long-term decision making in the two IGT variants (n?=?320, male?=?160). It was contended that risk aversion triggered by a positive frame of the reward variant and risk seeking triggered by a negative frame of the punishment variant appears as long-term decision making in the two IGT variants. Apart from the frame of the variant as a within-subjects factor (variant type: reward and punishment), the order in which the frame was triggered (order type: reward-punishment or punishment-reward), and the four types of instructions that delineated motivation toward reward from that of punishment (reward, punishment, reward and punishment, and no-hint) were hypothesized to have an effect on foresighted decision making in the IGT. As expected, long-term decision making differed across the two IGT variants suggesting that the frame of the variant has an effect on long-term decision making in the IGT (p?foresight than the commonly used IGT instructions that fail to distinguish between reward and punishment. As observed in previous studies, there were more number of participants (60%) who showed greater foresight in the punishment variant than in the reward variant (p?foresight in IGT decision making is sensitive to reward and punishment frame in an asymmetric manner, an observation that is aligned with the behavioral decision making framework. Benefits of integrating findings from behavioral studies in decision neuroscience are discussed, and a need to investigate cultural differences in the IGT studies is pointed out. PMID:22833714

Singh, Varsha; Khan, Azizuddin

2012-01-01

446

An in-depth study of a teacher engaged in an innovative primary science trial professional development project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The implementation of effective science programmes in primary schools is of continuing interest and concern for professional developers. As part of the Australian Academy of science's approach to creating an awareness of Primary Investigations, a project team trialed a series of satellite television broadcasts of lessons related to two units of the curriculum for Year 3 and 4 children in 48 participating schools. The professional development project entitled Simply Science, included a focused component for the respective classroom teachers, which was also conducted by satellite. This paper reports the involvement of a Year 4 teacher in the project and describes her professional growth. Already an experienced and confident teacher, no quantitative changes in science teaching self efficacy were detected. However, her pedagogical content knowledge and confidence to teach science in the concept areas of matter and energy were enhanced. Changes in the teacher's views about the co-operative learning strategies espoused by Primary Investigations were also evident. Implications for the design of professional development programmes for primary science teachers are discussed.

Watters, James J.; Ginns, Ian S.

1997-03-01

447

A Framework for Evaluation of Climate Science Professional Development Projects: A NICE NASA Example  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose of Presentation This research presents the overall logic model for the evaluation plan for a three-year NASA-funded project focused on teacher professional development. This session will highlight how we are using data to continually revise the evaluation plan, and we will also share insights about communication between the external evaluator and the PI. Objectives and Research Questions PEL leverages three NASA NICE projects with a high school district, providing professional development for teachers, learning opportunities for students, parental involvement and interaction with NASA scientists. PEL aims to increase Climate Science literacy in high school students, with a focus on Hispanic students, through scientific argumentation using authentic NASA data. Our research will concentrate on investigating the following questions: 1. What do we know about the alternative conceptions students' hold about climate science and what is challenging for students? 2. Are students developing climate science literacy, especially in the difficult concept areas, after PEL implementation? 3. How effective is PEL in nurturing scientific argumentation skills? 4. How effective are the resources we are providing in PEL? 5. Is there evidence that teachers are establishing stronger leadership capacity in their schools? Theoretical Framework for PEL Evaluation The expectancy-value theory of achievement motivation (E-V-C) (Fan, 2011; Wigfield & Eccles, 1994) provides a theoretical foundation for the research. Expectancy is the degree to which a teacher or student has reason to expect that they will be successful in school. Value indicates whether they think that performance at school will be worthwhile to them. Cost is the perceived sacrifices that must be undertaken, or factors that can inhibit a successful performance at school. For students, data from an embedded E-V-C investigation will help articulate how E-V-C factors relate to student interest in science, continuing to study science, or embarking on STEM related careers. For teachers, the E-V-C measures will give insight into a key mediating variable on student achievement and interest in science. Analytic Strategy Data will be analyzed using a strategy developed by Huberman and Miles (2002). This methodology provides a framework for three research functions: 1) reducing the data to a subset of information without losing essential data, 2) displaying this information in a manner that facilitates discussion and notation of consensus upon emerging patterns, and 3) drawing and verifying conclusions. The multiple sources of qualitative and quantitative data allow for triangulation of findings, establishing a measure of validity and reliability to final findings and recommendations for future research. References Huberman, A. M., & Miles, M. B. (2002). The qualitative researcher's companion. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Wigfield, A., & Eccles, J.S. (2000). Expectancy-value theory of achievement motivation. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25,68-81.

Comfort, K.; Bleicher, R. E.

2012-12-01

448

Taking the Plunge: Next Steps in Engaged Learning: Project Kaleidoscope-Connecticut Conference of Independent Colleges Conference for Science Educators.  

PubMed

College and university science educators from across Connecticut gathered at Yale's West Campus in April 2010 for a Project Kaleidoscope (PKAL) program entitled "Taking the Plunge: Next Steps in Engaged Learning." Funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and co-sponsored by the Connecticut Conference of Independent Colleges (CCIC) and Yale's McDougal Graduate Teaching Center, the event was the latest in a PKAL series of one-day conferences aimed at equipping science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) instructors with effective approaches to engaging students and training future scientists. PMID:20885897

Frederick, Jennifer

2010-09-01

449

Focused campaign increases activity among participants in Nature's Notebook, a citizen science project  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Citizen science projects, which engage non-professional scientists in one or more stages of scientific research, have been gaining popularity; yet maintaining participants’ activity level over time remains a challenge. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential for a short-term, focused campaign to increase participant activity in a national-scale citizen science program. The campaign that we implemented was designed to answer a compelling scientific question. We invited participants in the phenology-observing program, Nature’s Notebook, to track trees throughout the spring of 2012, to ascertain whether the season arrived as early as the anomalous spring of 2010. Consisting of a series of six electronic newsletters and costing our office slightly more than 1 week of staff resources, our effort was successful; compared with previous years, the number of observations collected in the region where the campaign was run increased by 184%, the number of participants submitting observations increased by 116%, and the number of trees registered increased by 110%. In comparison, these respective metrics grew by 25, 55, and 44%, over previous years, in the southeastern quadrant of the United States, where no such campaign was carried out. The campaign approach we describe here is a model that could be adapted by a wide variety of programs to increase engagement and thereby positively influence participant retention.

Crimmins, Theresa M.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Rosemartin, Alyssa H.; Surina, Echo M.; Marsh, Lee; Denny, Ellen G.

2014-01-01

450

Experience of the creative Space-Astrophysics Education in Israeli Science-Educational Center "Blossoms of Science" - creative activity from mini-projects in basic school to ASTROTOP-projects for graduates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present 12 year experience of educational project in Space Astrophysics Environment field realized on the base of National Science-Educational Center Blossoms of Science of the Jordan Valley College Our approach is based on the natural curiosity of children as driver of their self-development from the first minutes of their life and even in adult state This approach shift center of the weight in educational process from direct lectures sermons explanation from teacher to children on own attempts of children to investigate problem what is interesting for them by themselves individually or in group Our approach includes four levels of the projects nano-projects for children garden and basic school up to 10-12 years micro-projects for intermediate school 12-16 years mini-projects for high school 16-18 years and macro-projects for the best graduates high schools and students of colleges 17-22 years These levels and projects are interconnected one with another and sometimes participants started on the micro-projects level in intermediate school continue their activity up to macro-projects of the graduate s diploma level For each level we organize courses for preparation of the teachers and instructors interested in the using of our receipts and published books and brochures for them The content of our activity for different levels a Level of kinder gardens-basic schools -- special software with interactive movie - - nano-projects b Level of intermediate school Days of Science in tens schools of Israel--

Pustil'Nik, L.; Pundak, D.

451

The Advanced Technology Solar Telescope: Science Goals, Design and Project Status. (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 4m Advance Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) on Haleakala will be the most powerful solar telescope and the world’s leading resource for studying solar magnetism that controls the solar wind, flares, coronal mass ejections and variability in the Sun’s output. The project is about to enter the construction phase and is expected to be fully commissioned in 2017. A brief overview of the science goals and observational requirements of the ATST will be given followed by a summary of the design status of the telescope and its instrumentation will during which the technical and engineering challenges the ATST project faces will be discussed. ATST will provide high resolution and high sensitivity observations of the dynamic solar magnetic fields throughout the solar atmosphere, including the corona. With its 4 m aperture, ATST will resolve features at 0.”03 (20km on the sun) at visible wavelengths. The science requirement for polarimetric sensitivity (10-5 relative to intensity) and accuracy (5x10-4 relative to intensity) place strong constraints on the polarization analysis and calibration units. A high order adaptive optics system delivers a corrected beam to the initial set of state-of-the-art, facility class instrumentation located in the Coude lab facility. A few examples of the many unique science capabilities of the 4m ATST will be discussed. The initial set of first generation instruments includes: 1: the Visible Broadband Imager will provide images at the highest possible spatial and temporal resolution at a number of specified wavelengths in the range from 390 nm to 860 nm. 2: the Visible Spectro-Polarimeter will provide precision vector field measurements simultaneously at diverse wavelengths in the visible spectrum and thus deliver quantitative diagnostics of the magnetic field vector as a function of height in the solar atmosphere, along with the associated variation of the thermodynamic properties. 3: the Diffraction-Limited Near-Infrared Spectro-Polarimeter will record with high temporal cadence the full polarization state of spectral lines in the near infrared wavelength regime from 900 nm to 2300 nm. 4: the Cryogenic Near Infrared-Spectro-Polarimeter will measure solar magnetic fields over a large field-of-view at infrared wavelengths from 1000 nm to 5000 nm in the solar corona. 5: the Visible Tunable Filter will provide two-dimensional spectroscopy and polarimetry by recording diffraction-limited narrow-bandpass images with high temporal resolution.

Rimmele, T.; Keil, S. L.; Wagner, J.

2009-12-01

452

The Evolution of Successful Satellite Science to Air Quality Application Projects: From Inception to Realization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teams of scientist have been working for almost a decade with state, local, regional and federal Air Quality regulators and scientists on several projects that have been focused on improving biomass burning emissions within our nation's National Emissions Inventory (NEI). Initially, the NEI was based strictly on ground-based information that often used data aggregated from previous years reported at the county-centroid and completely ignored the spatial domain of all fires. This methodology resulted in gross inaccuracies; however it was an ingrained system and the users and organizations were largely comfortable. Improvements were viewed as too costly. Our task was to convince regulators, managers and users of the value that could be added by using satellite data to enhance the NEI. Certainly, there were individuals that understood the value of using satellite data, but they needed support to convince the establishment of the intrinsic, cost-effective value of publically-available satellite data. It was essential to present arguments, as well as requested verification and validation statistics, in the format that most suited the objectives of application organizations. This process incorporated: knowledge of state-of-the-art satellite data, algorithms and science; a working knowledge of the users applications and requirements; interacting with individuals with a variety of skill sets and goals; and perhaps most importantly, listening to the goals and responsibilities of the user community and fully communicating. Today, the Environmental Protection Agency and several state and regional organizations are using satellite data to estimate biomass burnings emissions at daily and annual scales for a number of critical environmental management and policy activities including regulation setting and regional strategy development for attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). We continue to work at the local, state and federal levels to improve the biomass burning portion of our nation's NEI at the crossroads of the applications 'largest cost-effective unknowns and uncertainties' and the 'best-available science and data'. Here, we will present a diagram tree of the completed evolution of a successful project, which includes the basic science on which this development is based and the succession of the use of satellite data within the applications and user communities.

Soja, A. J.

2012-12-01

453

Eyes wide open: the personal genome project, citizen science and veracity in informed consent.  

PubMed

I am a close observer of the Personal Genome Project (PGP) and one of the original ten participants. The PGP was originally conceived as a way to test novel DNA sequencing technologies on human samples and to begin to build a database of human genomes and traits. However, its founder, Harvard geneticist George Church, was concerned about the fact that DNA is the ultimate digital identifier - individuals and many of their traits can be identified. Therefore, he believed that promising participants privacy and confidentiality would be impractical and disingenuous. Moreover, deidentification of samples would impoverish both genotypic and phenotypic data. As a result, the PGP has arguably become best known for its unprecedented approach to informed consent. All participants must pass an exam testing their knowledge of genomic science and privacy issues and agree to forgo the privacy and confidentiality of their genomic data and personal health records. Church aims to scale up to 100,000 participants. This special report discusses the impetus for the project, its early history and its potential to have a lasting impact on the treatment of human subjects in biomedical research. PMID:22328898

Angrist, Misha

2009-11-01

454

A library for the twenty-first century: the Galter Health Sciences Library's renovation and expansion project.  

PubMed Central

A renovation and expansion project at the Galter Health Sciences Library of Northwestern University strikes a balance between traditional and future libraries, library ambiance and high technology, old and new. When guided by a vision of future building use, renovation projects can succeed in meeting many institutional goals as a viable alternative to new library buildings. Issues addressed include planning considerations, architectural history, library design, building features, information technology considerations, and ideal library space design when new construction is not possible. Images

Shedlock, J; Ross, F

1997-01-01

455

A critical review of the life sciences project management at Ames Research Center for the Spacelab Mission development test 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A management study was initiated by ARC (Ames Research Center) to specify Spacelab Mission Development Test 3 activities and problems. This report documents the problems encountered and provides conclusions and recommendations to project management for current and future ARC life sciences projects. An executive summary of the conclusions and recommendations is provided. The report also addresses broader issues relevant to the conduct of future scientific missions under the constraints imposed by the space environment.

Helmreich, R. L.; Wilhelm, J. M.; Tanner, T. A.; Sieber, J. E.; Burgenbauch, S. F.

1979-01-01

456

Applications of telecommunications in education: National Science Foundation projects on advanced technological and online education in information engineering technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation (NSF) advanced technological education (ATE) project # DUE-9950029 is aimed to help increase the pool of qualified Information Technology (IT) workers in the U.S. It addresses the severe national and statewide shortage for such workers that are projected to persist well in the 21st century. It aims to provide a 2+2+2 seamless transition for students from

Vladimir Uskov; M. Uskova

2003-01-01

457

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SCIENCE PROGRAM RESEARCH PROJECTS TO IMPROVE DECONTAMINATION AND DECOMMISIONING OF U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes fourteen basic science projects aimed at solving decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) problems within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Funded by the Environmental Science Management Program (EMSP), these research projects address D&D problems where basic science is needed to expand knowledge and develop solutions to help DOE meet its cleanup milestones. EMSP uses directed solicitations targeted at identified Environmental Management (EM) needs to ensure that research results are directly applicable to DOE's EM problems. The program then helps transition the projects from basic to applied research by identifying end-users and coordinating proof-of-principle field tests. EMSP recently funded fourteen D&D research projects through the directed solicitation process. These research projects will be discussed, including description, current status, and potential impact. Through targeted research and proof-of-principle tests, it is hoped that EMSP's fourteen D&D basic research projects will directly impact and provide solutions to DOE's D&D problems.

Phillips, Ann Marie

2003-02-27

458

Final report: A Broad Research Project in the Sciences of Complexity  

SciTech Connect

Previous DOE support for ''A Broad Research Program in the Sciences of Complexity'' permitted the Santa Fe Institute to initiate new collaborative research within its Integrative Core activities as well as to host visitors to participate in research on specific topics that serve as motivation and testing-ground for the study of general principles of complex systems. The critical aspect of this support is its effectiveness in seeding new areas of research. Indeed, this Integrative Core has been the birthplace of dozens of projects that later became more specifically focused and then won direct grant support independent of the core grants. But at early stages most of this multidisciplinary research was unable to win grant support as individual projects--both because it did not match well with existing grant program guidelines, and because the amount of handing needed was often too modest to justify a formal proposal to an agency. In fact, one of the attributes of core support has been that it permitted SFI to encourage high-risk activities because the cost was quite low. What is significant is how many of those initial efforts have been productive in the SFI environment. Many of SFI'S current research foci began with a short visit from a researcher new to the SFI community, or as small working groups that brought together carefully selected experts from a variety of fields. As mentioned above, many of the ensuing research projects are now being supported by other funding agencies or private foundations. Some of these successes are described.

None

2000-02-01

459

Radio Frequency Interference: Projects and Activities Developed for the High School Earth Science, Astronomy, and Physics Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio Frequency Interference: Projects and Activities Developed for the High School Earth Science, Astronomy, and Physics Classroom Susan Dunn Tewksbury Memorial High School Jason Brown Tyngsboro High School Preethi Pratap MIT Haystack Observatory The Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) program, funded by the NSF, brings teachers into research environments to interact with scientists and translate the experience into the classroom.

S. K. Dunn; J. Brown

2003-01-01

460

Designing a Web-Based Design Curriculum for Middle School Science: The WISE "Houses in the Desert" Project. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design activities allow students to create their own solutions, drawing upon a personal understanding of science principles and examples. We created the 'Houses in the Desert' project to engage middle school students in designing a passive solar house that will keep its owners comfortable in the desert climate. Students used their knowledge of…

Cuthbert, Alex; Slotta, James

2004-01-01

461

The Acadia Learning Project: Lessons Learned from Engaging High School Teachers and Students in Citizen Science Supporting National Parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007 the authors initiated a citizen science research project, supported with funding from the Maine Department of Education, designed to extend research at Acadia National Park to a broader geographic area while also providing high school students and teachers with an opportunity to engage in authentic research in cooperation with working scientists. The scientific focus of the work has

S. J. Nelson; B. Zoellick; Y. Davis; E. Lindsey

2009-01-01

462

Promoting Student-Led Science and Technology Projects in Elementary Teacher Education: Entry into Core Pedagogical Practices through Technological Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Future elementary school teachers often lack self-efficacy for teaching science and technology. They are particularly anxious about encouraging children to carry-out student-directed, open-ended scientific inquiry and/or technological design projects. Moreover, because this often also is the case with practising elementary school teachers, it is…

Bencze, John Lawrence

2010-01-01

463

Fostering Learner Autonomy in English for Science: A Collaborative Digital Video Project in a Technological Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the syllabus design and implementation of an English for Science and Technology (EST) course at an English-medium university in Hong Kong. The course combined elements of project-based learning and a "pedagogy for multiliteracies" (New London Group, 1996) to produce a strong learner autonomy focus. A major component of the…

Hafner, Christoph A.; Miller, Lindsay

2011-01-01

464

rAvis: An R-Package for Downloading Information Stored in Proyecto AVIS, a Citizen Science Bird Project  

PubMed Central

Citizen science projects store an enormous amount of information about species distribution, diversity and characteristics. Researchers are now beginning to make use of this rich collection of data. However, access to these databases is not always straightforward. Apart from the largest and international projects, citizen science repositories often lack specific Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to connect them to the scientific environments. Thus, it is necessary to develop simple routines to allow researchers to take advantage of the information collected by smaller citizen science projects, for instance, programming specific packages to connect them to popular scientific environments (like R). Here, we present rAvis, an R-package to connect R-users with Proyecto AVIS (http://proyectoavis.com), a Spanish citizen science project with more than 82,000 bird observation records. We develop several functions to explore the database, to plot the geographic distribution of the species occurrences, and to generate personal queries to the database about species occurrences (number of individuals, distribution, etc.) and birdwatcher observations (number of species recorded by each collaborator, UTMs visited, etc.). This new R-package will allow scientists to access this database and to exploit the information generated by Spanish birdwatchers over the last 40 years.

Varela, Sara; Gonzalez-Hernandez, Javier; Casabella, Eduardo; Barrientos, Rafael

2014-01-01

465

Learning Content Using Complex Data in Project-Based Science: An Example from High School Biology in Urban Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter explores the extent to which project-based science (PBS) curricula designed with supports for students' inquiry into complex scientific data can help urban students make sense of such data and promote their deep understanding of standards-based content. We review qualitative and quantitative data from classroom enactments of a PBS…

Kanter, David E.; Schreck, Melissa

2006-01-01

466

Evaluation of an Interdisciplinary Studio Experience To Teach Architecture and Construction Science Students the Design-build Project Delivery Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interdisciplinary studio project involved architecture and construction students. Evaluation of the integrated studio experience found that it gave students an accurate picture of professional practice. Architecture students were made more aware of building materials, construction technology, and cost; construction science students better…

Graham, Charles W.; Geva, Anat

2001-01-01

467

Project ALERT: Three Years Of A Catalytic Partnership For Improving Pre-Service Teacher Education In Earth System Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last three years, a California-based partnership for improving earth science education and outreach has grown between ten California State University (CSU) campuses, and two NASA centers in California, Ames Research Center (ARC), and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). This partnership, Project ALERT (Augmented Learning Environment and Renewable Teaching) has had as its main goal the improvement of earth

E. L. Ambos; E. W. Ng; E. P. Metzger; J. W. Skiles; G. Simila; N. Garfield

2001-01-01

468

Reframing the multilevel triple helix in a regional innovation system: a case of systemic foresight and regimes in renewal of Skĺne's food industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most findings on the triple helix system derive from studies based on high-tech sectors, and seldom so on traditional industries. A foresight exercise aimed at renewal of the mature food industry in the Skĺne region in southern Sweden was conducted in 2006–2007. The findings suggest that a multilevel triple helix policy ought to be used in a systemic way from

Carl-Otto Frykfors; Hĺkan Jönsson

2010-01-01

469

Holistic Approach to Secondary Earth Science Teacher Professional Development: the Triad of Project-based Instruction, Earth Science Content, and GIS Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have provided two years of professional development for secondary and middle school teachers with a focus on project-based instruction (PBI) using GIS. The EYE-POD project (funded by NSF-ITEST) involved pairs of teachers from Arizona and the surrounding region in two-week institutes during Summer, 2010, and an advanced institute in Summer, 2011. The NAz-POD project (funded by Arizona Department of Education and administered by Science Foundation Arizona) provided similar PD experiences, but the institutes occurred during weekends in the academic year. The institutes were led by a team with expertise in Earth science content, professional development and pedagogy, and GIS. The teachers developed learning modules using the project based learning instructional model. Pedagogy, content, and GIS skills were combined throughout the professional development activities. Academic year follow up by NAU personnel included classroom observations and technical support. For assessing student work we provided a rubric, but learned that teachers were not prepared to assess GIS products in order to determine the level of student understanding. In year two of the project we incorporated strategies for assessment of student products into the professional development. Teacher-participants and their students completed several pre- and post- assessments. Teacher assessments included a geospatial performance assessment, classroom observations, and content tests. Student data collection included attitude and efficacy questionnaires, content tests, and authentic assessments including products using GIS. Content tests were the same for teachers and students and included spatial reasoning, data analysis, and Earth science content. Data was also collected on teacher perception of professional development delivery and self-reported confidence in teaching with PBI and geospatial technology. Student assessments show that improvement occurred in all areas on the content test. Possible factors resulting in this improvement will be shared, and placed in the context of other assessment results.

Rubino-Hare, L.; Sample, J. C.; Fredrickson, K.; Claesgens, J.; Bloom, N.; Henderson-Dahms, C.; Manone, M.

2011-12-01

470

Human Genome Project discoveries: Dialectics and rhetoric in the science of genetics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Human Genome Project (HGP), a $437 million effort that began in 1990 to chart the chemical sequence of our three billion base pairs of DNA, was completed in 2003, marking the 50th anniversary that proved the definitive structure of the molecule. This study considered how dialectical and rhetorical arguments functioned in the science, political, and public forums over a 20-year period, from 1980 to 2000, to advance human genome research and to establish the official project. I argue that Aristotle's continuum of knowledge--which ranges from the probable on one end to certified or demonstrated knowledge on the other--provides useful distinctions for analyzing scientific reasoning. While contemporary scientific research seeks to discover certified knowledge, investigators generally employ the hypothetico-deductive or scientific method, which often yields probable rather than certain findings, making these dialectical in nature. Analysis of the discourse describing human genome research revealed the use of numerous rhetorical figures and topics. Persuasive and probable reasoning were necessary for scientists to characterize unknown genetic phenomena, to secure interest in and funding for large-scale human genome research, to solve scientific problems, to issue probable findings, to convince colleagues and government officials that the findings were sound and to disseminate information to the public. Both government and private venture scientists drew on these tools of reasoning to promote their methods of mapping and sequencing the genome. The debate over how to carry out sequencing was rooted in conflicting values. Scientists representing the academic tradition valued a more conservative method that would establish high quality results, and those supporting private industry valued an unconventional approach that would yield products and profits more quickly. Values in turn influenced political and public forum arguments. Agency representatives and investors sided with the approach that reflected values they supported. Fascinated with this controversy and the convincing comparisons, the media often endorsed Celera's work for its efficiency. The analysis of discourse from the science, political, and public forums revealed that value systems influenced the accuracy and quality of the arguments more than the type or number of figures used to describe the research to various audiences.

Robidoux, Charlotte A.

471

Integrating Technology to Foster Inquiry in an Elementary Science Methods Course: A Case Study of One Teacher Educator's Initiatives in a PT3 Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Prospective teachers and teacher educators both confront practical and philosophical issues in attempting to integrate technology into their practice. This paper describes a case study of a science teacher educator, a novice with instructional technology, who integrated technology into an elementary science methods course, with the support of a PT3 implementation project. The science teacher educator, through action research,

Brenda Capobianco; James Lehman

2006-01-01

472

Working IT out in e-Science: experiences of requirements capture in a HealthGrid project.  

PubMed

This paper reports on our experiences of being involved in requirements capture for a HealthGrid project. Large scale, collaborative projects with multiple partners tend to experience numerous problems in the requirements capture phase (and often beyond) and HealthGrid projects are no exception. Projects with highly innovative objectives often have additional sets of problematics, however. In carving out new visions of, for example, clinical research and healthcare service delivery, HealthGrid projects have to reckon with--and work within--existing healthcare policy, legislative frameworks, professional cultures and organisational politics as well as the more common integration problem of dealing with legacy systems. Such factors are not conducive to the achievement in healthcare of the e-Science vision of seamless integration of information and collaborative working across administrative, professional and organisational boundaries. In this paper, we document some of the challenges we encountered in investigating the requirements for eDiaMoND, a flagship pilot UK e-Science project. We discuss what we might learn from these challenges, especially approaches to requirements capture that are appropriate for projects with innovative aims and are also sensitive to representing and addressing what may be complex professional and organisational interests. PMID:15923729

Hartswood, Mark; Jirotka, Marina; Procter, Rob; Slack, Roger; Voss, Alex; Lloyd, Sharon

2005-01-01

473

Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science Magazine online. Access abstracts and full text articles updated weekly. Browse through the current issue or archived articles. Obtain information on magazine subscriptions and student, educator, and scientist awards. A wealth of science information is at your fingertips in all disciplines, particularly medicine. Links to other AAAS resources including extensive career information and the latest in HIV/AIDS and aging research.