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1

Foresight  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Foresight is a UK government supported program aimed "to increase UK exploitation of science." The Foresight program highlights either a key issue where science holds promise, or an area "where the potential applications and technologies have yet to be considered and/or articulated more broadly." The current projects are: Brain Science, Addiction and Drugs, Cyber Trust and Crime Prevention, Exploiting the Electromagnetic Spectrum, and Flood and Coastal Defence. Each project website includes sections offering a project description, reports and publications, news and events, and links to related websites.

2

Technology Foresight For Youth: A Project For Science and Technology Education in Sweden  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Technology Foresight for Youth" is a project run by two science museums, two science centres and "Technology Foresight (Sweden)" an organization in which both business and scientists are represented. The project is designed to strengthen young people's interest in ongoing technological work, research and education. It should give them confidence in their own ability both to understand today's techniques including its influence on people's daily lives, and to influence future developments. One part of the project is aimed at school teachers, teacher cooperation groups and students in the age group 12 to 18 years. A second part encourages dialog and meetings by arranging debates, seminars, theatre, science demonstrations in cooperation with business representatives and scientists. A third important part of the project is a special exhibition to be shown at the four cooperating institutions: "To be where I am not - young people's dreams about the future". The exhibition is meant to be sensual, interactive and partly virtual. It will change and grow with time as young people contribute with their thoughts, visions and challenges. Young people in different parts of the country will be able to interact electronically with each other and with the virtual part of the exhibition. The main aim of the project is to develop new interactive pedagogic methods for science and technology based on young people's own visions about the future.

Kendal, Anne Louise

3

The animal health foresight project.  

PubMed

The Animal Health Foresight Project was co-sponsored by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). This study is the most recent of a series of four international workshops of the International Working Group on Animal Disposal Alternatives (IWADA), created to determine alternative options for effective disease control without mass animal destruction. The study employed foresight technology to stimulate new thinking using the future perspective tools of challenge questions and scenario development. A total of 43 Canadian and American participants from industry, academia, the public and government made their contributions over the duration of four meetings. The group developed and analysed eight pictures of possible futures. Ten conclusions were formulated. Fundamental to these conclusions was the recognition of a need for a conceptual change to the management of animal health, a new paradigm. This paradigm was a policy change to the management of risks rather than disease elimination, a change in the roles for the establishment of policy and a convergence of animal health and public health. The new paradigm was incorporated into a hierarchy of decision-making options, out of which five principles for alternatives to mass animal destruction were identified. PMID:20411514

Willis, Norman G

2007-01-01

4

Force, Foresight and Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes science's growing dependence upon government for funding and the government control that accompanies this growth. Focuses on the Federal government's recent efforts to limit the transfer of technology between American and Soviet scientists. (KH)

Carey, William D.

1985-01-01

5

National foresight in science and technology strategy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is concerned with the national foresight exercises in Thailand to devise the key science and technology (S&T) strategies. The Thai government, through the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), has used the foresight processes to influence policy making and create national foresight programmes. The foresight exercise, covering the period from 2000 to 2020, aims to examine the

Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat

2007-01-01

6

Technology foresight on Danish nano-science and nano-technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose is to report on a Danish nano-science and nano-technology foresight project carried out in 2004. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The foresight process had the following key elements: review of international technology foresight projects on nano-technology; mapping of Danish nano-science and nano-technology; broad internet survey among interested parties; expert reports; workshops related to the expert reports; analysis of the

Per Dannemand Andersen; Birgitte Rasmussen; Marianne Strange; Jens Haisler

2005-01-01

7

Strategic Management of Forensic Laboratory Resources: From Project FORESIGHT Metrics to the Development of Action Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The project FORESIGHT stated objectives begin with the development of metrics applicable to the activity of forensic science laboratories. These metrics enable a laboratory to assess how they fit within the forensic science industry and offer a glance at the levels of performance that they might be able to achieve. FORESIGHT's mission goes on to state the intent for laboratories

Jonathan Newman; David Dawley

2011-01-01

8

Organising Foresight as a Political Project in the Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organising a participatory Foresight process is a challenging and complex task. Courses on organising Foresight are given in many different settings, from small nongovernmental organisations to the offices of the UN. Literature on how to deal with organising issues exists in abundance, and advisors try to help Foresight projects on the path of success.1 Those who are given the task

Stefanie Jenssen

9

Science and technology foresight baker's dozen: a pocket primer of comparative and combined foresight methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to fill a perceived gap in the tool bag of a foresight practitioner – namely the need for a quickly accessible and concise overview of the main methods being employed in contemporary foresight, and some guidance on when and how one can select or combine several methods within a single project or focus area to

Jack E. Smith; Ozcan Saritas

2011-01-01

10

A comprehensive review of Turkish technology foresight project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review and analyse Vision 2023: the Turkish National Technology Foresight project. The paper aims to review the process of conducting the project, how it was implemented afterwards and how it compares to other national technology foresight projects Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Through a literature search, a process framework was conducted. The analysis was

Tugrul Daim; Nuri Basoglu; Orhan Dursun; Ozcan Saritas; Pisek Gerdsri

2009-01-01

11

Management of foresight portfolio: analysis of modular foresight projects at contract research organisation1  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the expansion of foresight scope towards systemic processes and societal considerations has provided significant opportunities for learning and synchronised action between different business units and\\/or policy fields, it may also have caused digression and ambiguity in the practice and theory of the management of foresight processes. This is true, in particular, in contract research organisations that have faced major

Totti Könnölä; Toni Ahlqvist; Annele Eerola; Sirkku Kivisaari; Raija Koivisto

2009-01-01

12

Research foresight activities and technological development in Korea. Science and technology policies in National R&D Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the formulation of the science and technology (S&T) policy undertaken by the Korean government for the national R&D program. The program, the HAN project, was launched after systematic foresight activities were carried out, setting the long-term national goals and priorities, and selecting key technologies to be developed for the next decade. Eleven areas of technology were selected,

T. Shin; H. Kim

1994-01-01

13

Insights from qualitative methodologies for R&D priority setting -experiences from the Nordic Hydrogen Foresight project  

E-print Network

for technology foresight are developed from 1940s to 1970s. Key literature and text books are written in 1960s Hydrogen Foresight project Presentation at the conference Using Long Term Scenarios for R&D Priority Technology: Scenarios on a 5-10 year horizon www.siemens.com/POF · customers and universities #12;Scenarios

14

Managing Transdisciplinarity in Strategic Foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic foresight deals with the long term future and is a transdisciplinary exercise which, among other aims, addresses the prioritization of science and other decision making in science and innovation advisory and funding bodies. This article discusses challenges in strategic foresight in relation to transdisciplinarity based on empirical as well as theoretical work in technological domains. By strategic foresight is

Birgitte Rasmussen; Per Dannemand Andersen; Kristian Borch

2010-01-01

15

Technology Foresight as Innovation Policy Instrument: Learning from Science and Technology Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a variety of interpretative frameworks for giving meaning to FTA activities (see Barré and Keenan in this volume).\\u000a In this contribution we would like to explore an interpretation of Foresight from the perspective of the interdisciplinary\\u000a body of knowledge that has become known as STS — Science and Technology Studies (c.f. Jasanoff et al. 1994). Drawing in particular

Philine Warnke; Gaston Heimeriks

16

Research foresight activities and technological development in Korea. Science and technology policies in National R&D Programs  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the formulation of the science and technology (S&T) policy undertaken by the Korean government for the national R&D program. The program, the HAN project, was launched after systematic foresight activities were carried out, setting the long-term national goals and priorities, and selecting key technologies to be developed for the next decade. Eleven areas of technology were selected, including five-product-oriented technologies and six fundamental technologies, of which indigenous technology capability was recognized as critical for increased national competitiveness. The foresight procedures of this planning include coordination, S&T monitoring, consensus, and commitment stages. Each stage was carefully studied by a special task force, although planning of the program is still being studied in detail for effective implementation. This is a significant turnaround of S&T policy, redirecting the national R&D program from the bottom-up approach to the top-down approach. 4 refs., 1 fig., 15 tabs.

Shin, T.; Kim, H.

1994-01-01

17

FORESIGHT: A Business Approach to Improving Forensic Science Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managers of scientific laboratories see themselves as scientists first and managers second; consequently, they tend to devalue the managerial aspects of their jobs. Forensic laboratory managers are no different, but the stakes may be much higher given the importance of quality science to the criminal justice system. The need for training and support in forensic laboratory management has been recognized

Max M. Houck; Richard A. Riley; Tom S. Witt

2009-01-01

18

Managerial foresight: concept and measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish what foresight is, to review past usages and definitions of foresight and to synthesize them into one generic definition, in order to make the concept measurable. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A discussion on how to classify variables in the social sciences serves as the starting-point. Next, a review of past definitions and

Martin Amsteus

2008-01-01

19

Science Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Project website welcomes you to "the world's largest web site for Science Project ideas, information and support." Students can search for ideas by level: primary (e.g. Make a Volcano), elementary (e.g. Fluorescent Lights), intermediate (e.g. pendulums), and senior (e.g. Study of efficient home insulation). Senior project ideas cover the following topic areas: Biology, Engineering, Physical Science, Earth Science/Meteorology, Environmental Science, Computer Science, and Chemistry. The ideas are accessible for free without registration, but "only members can get support and access the members section for more project details." (Unfortunately, this does favor those able to pay -- Basic membership is $25/year and Advanced membership is $150/year, but a trial membership for 90 days is $10.) Opportunities for teachers, scientists and schools are also described within Membership Info.

20

Inclusive foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Most public foresight programmes in the 1990s limited participation to technological experts in the identified fields. However, almost all the programmes had an implied social dimension and several concluded that more inclusive participation was needed in future programmes. The paper aims to discuss how inclusiveness might be achieved. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – At first sight extending participation seems eminently possible.

Denis Loveridge

2005-01-01

21

Technology foresight in Korea: a review of recent government exercises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Accurate and timely foresight of future trends and changes in science and technology (S&T) is a key to national competitiveness. The purpose of this paper is to describe recent technological foresight conducted by the Technology Foresight Center at the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Evaluation and Planning. The authors also address current issues and problems encountered in

JiHo Hwang; YoungJun Kim; Soekho Son; Jongmin Han

2011-01-01

22

Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This will help you narrow down a topic to search for information on your science project. Follow the instructions for each link. Science Buddies On this website you will find a Topic Selection Wizard. Complete the wizard to give you a list of topics that you can research. Google Search On Google click on the MORE tab at the top. Scroll down and click on SCHOLAR. Once done with these step conduct a search ...

Cravens, Ms.

2007-06-26

23

obesity reviews This paper was commissioned by the Foresight programme of the Office of Science and Innovation, Department of Trade and Industry  

E-print Network

obesity reviews This paper was commissioned by the Foresight programme of the Office of Science with permission Journal compilation © 2007 The International Association for the Study of Obesity. obesity reviews; published with permission; Journal compilation © 2007 The International Association for the Study of Obesity

Rolls, Edmund T.

24

Foresight in the Nordic research and innovation council systems  

E-print Network

Introduction 4 1.1 Key questions and methods 5 72 Foresight, innovation and national science systems processes in this system 15 3.4 Future needs for foresight 19 4 Research and innovation council system.4 Policy making and evaluation practices 30 5.5 The current use of foresight and similar strategy processes

25

Technology foresight: creating the future of Thailand's industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to deal with the application of foresight in devising strategic technology policies in Thailand. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper examines the foresight exercise carried out by the Thai government, through the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) and the APEC Center for Technology Foresight, to examine the potential of the Thai industry and to devise

Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat

2006-01-01

26

Regulatory foresight: Methodologies and selected applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper on regulatory foresight addresses approaches which allow future fields for regulatory action to be identified. We follow a rather wide perception of regulation and include standards and standardisation as elements of the regulatory framework. The paper presents three methodologies appropriate for performing regulatory foresight. First, an approach is presented which makes use of science and technology indicators and

Knut Blind

2008-01-01

27

National Technology Foresight Activities Around the Globe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution summarizes recent experiences in government or national technology forecasting which are now often termed “foresight.” While the methodological tool kit changed from mathematical models to more qualitative scenarios or visions, the Delphi method has become the backbone of foresight projects. Recent national activities, being dealt with in this special issue, are compared in terms of their comprehensiveness, their

Hariolf Grupp; Harold A Linstone

1999-01-01

28

Three eras of technology foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology has molded the industrial and information societies and will mold the molecular society of the future. The latter will encompass nanotechnology, biotechnology, and materials science. It will also lead to unprecedented convergence in the sciences and technologies. This discussion considers the unique impacts on technological forecasting and foresight accompanying each of the three societies.

Harold A. Linstone

2011-01-01

29

The development of technology foresight: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term “foresight” has long been used to describe readiness to deal with long-term issues (especially on the part of governments). This term “Technology Foresight” took off in the 1990s, as European, and then other, countries sought new policy tools to deal with problems in their science, technology and innovation systems. Large-scale exercises drew in numerous stakeholders as sources of

Ian Miles

2010-01-01

30

Emergent foresight processes: industrial activities in wireless communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology foresight has received growing attention among those involved in the shaping and implementation of science and technology (S&T) policies. However, although evaluative analyses of foresight exercises have supplied evidence on acclaimed benefits—such as the generation of future-oriented knowledge and strengthening of collaborative networks—they also point to challenges in translating foresight results into actions within research and technology development (RTD)

Jukka-Pekka Salmenkaita; Ahti Salo

2004-01-01

31

News & Information President Chen Yiyu Meets with Omi Professor Wang Jie Meets with NSF Assistant Director Vice President Sun Jiaguang Visited Japan and Germany on International Evaluation Vice President Shen Wenqing Meets JST Delegation Vice President Wang Jie Meets with Vice President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 12th Meeting of China-Korea Joint Committee for Basic Scientific Research Held Further Implement the Scientific Outlook for Development and Open up a New Prospect for Science Funding Panel Meeting for A3 Foresight Program 2008 held in Hangzhou Department Director's Fund for Earthquake Relief Vice President Shen Wenqing Meets IRRI Officials President Chen Yiyu Visits Taiwan Province NSFC VIP Attends the NSFC-JST Workshop 1st NSFC-JST Joint Evaluation for Funded Projects Ends Successfully NSFC Delegation Visits the U.S. Top Heads Meet at China-US Computer Science Leadership Summit President Chen Yiyu Met with Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chari Sirindhorn of Thailand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

President Chen Yiyu Meets with Omi Professor Wang Jie Meets with NSF Assistant Director Vice President Sun Jiaguang Visited Japan and Germany on International Evaluation Vice President Shen Wenqing Meets JST Delegation Vice President Wang Jie Meets with Vice President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 12th Meeting of China-Korea Joint Committee for Basic Scientific Research Held Further Implement the Scientific Outlook for Development and Open up a New Prospect for Science Funding Panel Meeting for A3 Foresight Program 2008 held in Hangzhou Department Director's Fund for Earthquake Relief Vice President Shen Wenqing Meets IRRI Officials President Chen Yiyu Visits Taiwan Province NSFC VIP Attends the NSFC-JST Workshop 1st NSFC-JST Joint Evaluation for Funded Projects Ends Successfully NSFC Delegation Visits the U.S. Top Heads Meet at China-US Computer Science Leadership Summit President Chen Yiyu Met with Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chari Sirindhorn of Thailand

2008-01-01

32

Multi-Economy Foresight Activities of the APEC Center for Technology Foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foresight has been recognized as an important tool for S&T planning and policy. The foresight methods themselves are also applied in different contexts and situations, depending on the objectives and application. This paper discusses 5 multi -economy projects completed during 1998-2002 by the APEC CTF. The first section provides a short description of the Center' s 5 multi-economy projects as

Witaya Jeradechakul; Chatri Sripaipan; Tamsin Jewell

33

Earth System Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For several decades, science teachers have used bottles for classroom projects designed to teach students about biology. Bottle projects do not have to just focus on biology, however. These projects can also be used to engage students in Earth science topics. This article describes the Earth System Science Project, which was adapted and developed…

Rutherford, Sandra; Coffman, Margaret

2004-01-01

34

Current Foresight Activities in  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the early 1990s, technology foresight has become much more widespread. First pioneered in the United States and later in Japan, it has now spread to continental Europe. One of the first engagements in modern national foresight occurred in the Netherlands. The task is to identify the areas of strategic research and the emerging generic technologies likely to yield the

Knut Blind; Kerstin Cuhls; Hariolf Grupp

1999-01-01

35

Science and technology foresight: a provocative tool for contending with future challenges in food safety and public veterinary medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The author describes how foresight methods can provide a provocative approach to some of the key challenges faced by the world of animal health and public veterinary practices while supporting the safety and security of the food system and public health in general. Being provocative is important because the future may be very unfamiliar and demands an approach of

Jack E. Smith

36

‘Technology foresight towards 2020 in China’: the practice and its impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology foresight has attracted increasing attention from government and academia as well as industry since the 1990s. However, the impact of technology foresight on national strategic decision-making varies from country to country. This paper aims to introduce the ‘Technology Foresight towards 2020’ exercise in China, which has been conducted by a research group in the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The

Mu Rongping; Ren Zhongbao; Yuan Sida; Qiao Yan

2008-01-01

37

Environmental Science: 49 Science Fair Projects. Science Fair Projects Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 49 science fair projects designed for 6th to 9th grade students. Projects are organized by the topics of soil, ecology (projects in habitat and life cycles), pests and controls (projects in weeds and insects), recycling (projects in resources and conservation), waste products (projects in decomposition), microscopic organisms,…

Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

38

Certificate in Foresight Online Certificate  

E-print Network

Certificate in Foresight Online Certificate The University of Houston offers two types of Foresight Texas Common Application for Foresight at the University of Houston. 2. A letter of intent to the Academic Services Center in the College of Technology (address below) stating that the application

Azevedo, Ricardo

39

Science Learning+: Phase 1 projects Science Learning+  

E-print Network

Science Learning+: Phase 1 projects Science Learning+ Phase 1 projects 2 December 2014 #12..............................................................................................................4 Youth access and equity in informal science learning: developing a research and practice agenda..................................................................................................5 Enhancing informal learning through citizen science..............................................6

Rambaut, Andrew

40

Science and technology foresight: a provocative tool for contending with future challenges in food safety and public veterinary medicine.  

PubMed

The author describes how foresight methods can provide a provocative approach to some of the key challenges faced by the world of animal health and public veterinary practices while supporting the safety and security of the food system and public health in general. Being provocative is important because the future may be very unfamiliar and demands an approach of critical thinking, which can best be activated by having to consider the prospective reality of one or more substantially different policy operational environments. The factors that are shaping our future may also be quite disruptive (for example from 1989 to 1994 when the Cold War abruptly ended, the Soviet Union dissolved and the internet was born). Consequently it is essential that any forward preparedness efforts explore a range of plausible options and not immediately discount those that may in today's terms appear unlikely. The author reviews the methods through to the point where scenario parameters are defined, and then switches to observations about how the process can influence and provoke policy formulation. The results of the foresight and scenarios employment are described by Willis in another paper in this volume. PMID:20411513

Smith, Jack E

2007-01-01

41

EUROPEAN FORESIGHT PROCESSES ON METROLOGY R&D  

Microsoft Academic Search

The background and the results of a first investigation on national foresight processes carried out in European countries, and what we learned from it, are here presented. This work is one of the basic tasks of the European project \\

Attilio Sacconi; Monica Cariola

42

Open Directory Project: Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Open Directory Project is a volunteer-edited directory of the Web. This section of the site enables the user to browse the Directory's Science pages. The links are organized alphabetically by type (academic departments, chat rooms and forums, educational resources, news and media, and so forth) and by topic (agriculture, astronomy, biology, chemistry, computer science, Earth sciences, and so forth). From this page users can also search either the entire Directory, the Science section, or a topical subsection of Science. The page also offers browsing of similarly organized Science links in a choice of 74 languages, including Arabic, Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

2001-02-17

43

Foresight for smart globalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the concept of smart globalization and identify links with the Rockefeller Foundation's philanthropic activities in a number of areas, including health, climate change, urbanization, economic insecurities, and basic survival needs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper addresses how a new conceptualization of globalization intersects with the field of foresight by describing the

David Jhirad; Claudia Juech; Evan S. Michelson

2009-01-01

44

Technology foresight using roadmaps  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel approach to Technology Foresight has been developed by BP and used to devise an R&D strategy embracing the core business areas of the company. It is based on the use of Roadmaps which are visual descriptions summarizing the outcomes of numerous discussions involving all the personnel responsible for procuring, planning, funding, monitoring, and implementing R&D. This emphasis on

Derek Barker; David J. H. Smith

1995-01-01

45

Geographic Information Science Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Foothill College and the Using a Web-Based GIS to Teach Problem-Based Science in High School and College project, this pdf contains a syllabus for a course titled Geographic Information Science Project. The objective of the course is to introduce students to a variety of projects including "constructing a Web GIS site, building a GIS or image database, and conducting a GIS or remote sensing analysis." The project is the main component of the course and students gain significant experience working in teams.

2012-05-04

46

Science Explorers Translation Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a pilot project of Los Alamos National Laboratory (New Mexico) to translate a science education curriculum for junior and senior high school students into Navajo. The project consisted of translating a video, a teacher's guide, and an interactive multimedia product on the 1993 hantavirus outbreak in the Four Corners area…

Jacobs, Dolores

47

Science Fair Projects: Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose.Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or sometimes

Helen Reynolds

2000-01-01

48

Embedded foresight in RTD programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

http:\\/\\/www.sal.hut.fi Abstract: In recent years, several countries have carried out large-scale technology foresight exercises. While these have been extensively discussed in the literature, less attention has been given to how foresight objectives are served through consultative processes which are not necessarily designated as 'foresight' but nevertheless seek to provide direction to publicly supported research and technology development (RTD) efforts. Here,

Ahti Salo; Jukka-Pekka Salmenkaita

2002-01-01

49

YES Mag: Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Parents, are you looking for a way to excite your children about science? This website developed by YES Mag, Canada's science magazine for kids, may just have the answer. Users can find numerous fun science activities addressing many of the basic science principles and phenomena including Newton's third law, lightening, wind, and chromatography. Each activity includes pictures to assist in the implementation of the project as well as a convenient printable version. With over thirty-five activities, children are sure to have a fun learning experience.

50

The Science Club: Kids' Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of science projects covers electricity and magnets, optics, and other physical science topics. The projects are arranged by simple, medium, and advanced skill levels, and include videos that show the materials used and how the experiment is performed. There are also links to other science project websites and to sites where materials for the projects may be purchased.

Beaty, William J.

51

The impact of foresight on policy-making: insights from the FORLEARN mutual learning process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents recent insights from the ongoing FORLEARN project, which aims to develop Foresight theory and practise by supporting the sharing of experience (‘mutual learning’) in Europe. Six functions of Foresight for policy-making are elaborated on: (1)?Informing policy: generating insights regarding the dynamics of change, future challenges and options, along with new ideas, and transmitting them to policymakers as

Olivier Da Costa; Philine Warnke; Cristiano Cagnin; Fabiana Scapolo

2008-01-01

52

Astronomy Science Fair Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

``Extrasolar Planet Transit", ``Lightcurve of a Variable Star", and ``Retrograde Motion of Mars" are some of the titles of high school students' projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. TOPS (Toward Other Planetary Systems) teachers who participated in the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy summer outreach program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech mentored their students. After attending the 3-week National Science Foundation Institute for several summers since 1999, these teachers in the summer of 2003 were trained to do observing plans to obtain images from telescopes, use image processing software MIRA for photometry, and produce light curves of variable stars and extrasolar planet transits. Others used the software ``Astrometrica" to do astrometry of Kuiper Belt Objects. Using Compaq laptop computers on long term loan, our teachers mentored students for astronomy projects during the 2003-2004 school year. These students made observing plans for images from the 31inch Lowell Telescope in Arizona and/or from the 2.2m University of Hawaii Telescope at Mauna Kea Observatory. Learning about filters, exposure time, magnitude, frequency of taking CCD images, and ephemeris required many iterations between students, teachers, and astronomers and graduate students who were assisting. Poor weather conditions and other frustrations exposed the students to the realities of research. However, they were rewarded with projects that impressed the judges and that will be described.

Pittichová, J.; Kadooka, M.-A.; Meech, K. J.

2004-12-01

53

Project Earth Science: Meteorology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The forecast for learning meteorology is bright! With nineteen hands-on activities, ten readings, and a thorough resource guide, Project Earth Science: Meteorology brings the atmosphere right into the classroom. Designed for small budgets, Meteorology is teacher-written and classroom-tested, with ready-to-use, self-directed activities. These activities require students to make clouds and hail; build weather maps; and understand the causes of smog, ozone depletion, and acid rain. Whether it's exploring basic principles or following real-world examples, your students will agree--discovering how weather works was never this much fun!

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. S.

2001-01-01

54

Project Earth Science: Physical Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Immerse your students in Earth's most abundant resource--water. Embark on a voyage of discovery as you steer your students through activities designed to teach them about currents, waves, and tides. From an understanding of the properties that make water unique, your students will get a global view of the marine environment, including the impact of human activities on the oceans. This book is one of four in NSTA's popular Project Earth Science series. The other books are Project Earth Science:Geology, Project Earth Science:Astronomy, and Project Earth Science:Meteorology .

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. S.

2000-01-01

55

Papers: Sixth Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Foresight Institute has made available links to full papers submitted to the Sixth Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology. This conference was held November 12-15, 1998, in Santa Clara, California.

1998-01-01

56

The UK technology foresight programme: An assessment of expert estimates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the early 1990s, ‘Technology Foresight’ exercises with special emphasis on the use of Delphi surveys have played an important role in science and technology (S+T) policy across Europe in an effort to focus resource allocation. Yet, none of the estimates made in the European Delphi surveys have been formally assessed in retrospect, while this process has been incorporated into

Felix Brandes

2009-01-01

57

The role of scenarios in strategic foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the role of scenarios in strategic foresight. It starts by discussing the need for strategic foresight over the next decade, and a set of qualities, structures and processes that facilitate the use of strategic foresight for renewal. The author describes two roles of scenarios in supporting these processes — scenarios as mental models, and through providing a

Gill Ringland

2010-01-01

58

Five promising methods for health foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to show through empirical examples how five foresight methods have provided value in medicine and global health, and to argue for greater use of health foresight. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Through evaluation, literature search, and personal experiences, five approaches were identified where health foresight has shown strong value: forecasting, scenario planning, Delphi, technology roadmapping, and mass collaboration.

Hassan Masum; Jody Ranck; Peter A. Singer

2010-01-01

59

Science Fair Projects: The Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book approaches the development of science fair projects from the point of view that science should be enjoyable, interesting, and thought-provoking. The scientific concepts introduced here will later help young students to understand more advanced scientific principles. These projects develop skills such as classification, making measured…

Bonnet, Bob; Keen, Dan

60

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison What's new in Condor? What's c Condor Week 2010 #12;Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison What's new in Condor? What's coming up? Condor Week 2010 #12;www.condorproject.org 3 Condor Wiki #12

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

61

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison What s new in Condor? What s coming? Condor Week 2011 #12;Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison The Condor Torpedo of TRUTH Talk #12;www.condorproject.org 3 Release Situation > Stable Series h

Liblit, Ben

62

Facilitating Foresight: Where the foresight function is placed in organisations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will introduce the Viable Systems Model and in particular the Meta System compo- nent of that model, as a framework within which to consider how foresight can be facilitated in organisations. It will show how the System 4 function within the Meta-System is in a position to facilitate processes that will produce effectiveness and the development of overall

Peter Hayward

2002-01-01

63

An integrated view of foresight: integrated foresight management model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of foresight as a tool in policy and strategic decision making increased especially in the last decade of the twentieth century in order to enhance competitiveness and innovation of nations, regions, corporations and even individuals. Coupled with this development a lot of different definitions which partly include part of the others emerged in the literature. However, it was

Alper Alsan; M. Atilla Oner

2003-01-01

64

Multicriteria methods for technology foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, many countries have carried out foresight exercises to better exploit scientific and technological opportunities. Often, these exercises have sought to identify 'critical' or 'key' technologies or, more broadly, to establish research priorities. In this paper, we consider the potential of multicriteria decision-making methods in this kind of priority-determination and examine the limitations of these methods in the

Tommi Gustafsson; Ahti Salo; Ramakrishnan Ramanathan

2003-01-01

65

The UK technology foresight programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology foresight at a national level has emerged as a prominent instrument of technology policy during the first half of the 1990s. Programmes of this type are not generally seeking to identify future scientific breakthroughs (the so-called ‘picking winners’ approach). Rather, they are concerned to put in place the infrastructure necessary to recognize and exploit such opportunities when they do

Luke Georghiou

1996-01-01

66

ScienceDesk Project Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's ScienceDesk Project at the Ames Research Center is responsible for scientific knowledge management which includes ensuring the capture, preservation, and traceability of scientific knowledge. Other responsibilities include: 1) Maintaining uniform information access which is achieved through intelligent indexing and visualization, 2) Collaborating both asynchronous and synchronous science teamwork, 3) Monitoring and controlling semi-autonomous remote experimentation.

Keller, Richard M.; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

67

Acid Rain: Science Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too often science seems to be a matter of studying from books and responding to questions raised by teachers about the information either in the classroom or on examinations. Such a view of science misses its importance as a way of thinking, doing, and preparing for citizenship roles. The problems and activities included in this volume are…

Hessler, Edward W.; Stubbs, Harriett S.

68

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Using Condor An Introduction Condor Week 2010 #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor The Condor Project (Established `85) >Research;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor The Condor Team #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Some free software produced

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

69

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Using Condor An Introduction Condor Week 2011 #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor2 The Condor Project (Established 85) >Research. #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor3 The Condor Team #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor4 Some Free Software produced

Liblit, Ben

70

Science and Engineering Workforce Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science and Engineering Workforce Project (SEWP) brings together labor economists and other researchers on topics such as wage levels, education and recruitment, graduate student unionization, scientific competition and collaboration. The project researchers conduct basic research and provide government, business, and labor "with objective and timely analyses of scientific workforce issues." The website provides information on relevant fellowship opportunities, biographies and websites for project participants, and links to relevant stakeholders, including federal agencies and professional employer groups. A few papers from the project are posted, but the site is still under construction. The most recent posting includes a briefing book from the project's workshop on societal implications of nanoscience and nonotechnology.

71

Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography assists junior and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, executing, and evaluating science fair projects. A few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students are listed. This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography but is designed to put the reader "on target."…

Carter, Constance, Comp.

72

OpenScience Project, The  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The OpenScience project is dedicated to writing and releasing free and Open Source scientific software. We are a group of scientists, mathematicians and engineers who want to encourage a collaborative environment in which science can be pursued by anyone who is inspired to discover something new about the natural world. Much of the work of science depends on having appropriate tools available to analyze experimental data and to interract with theoretical models. Powerful computers are now cheap enough so that significant processing power is within reach of many people. The missing piece of the puzzle is software that lets the scientist choose between models and make sense of his or her observations. That is where the OpenScience project can help.

73

Earth Science Capability Demonstration Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation reviewing the Earth Science Capability Demonstration Project is shown. The contents include: 1) ESCD Project; 2) Available Flight Assets; 3) Ikhana Procurement; 4) GCS Layout; 5) Baseline Predator B Architecture; 6) Ikhana Architecture; 7) UAV Capability Assessment; 8) The Big Picture; 9) NASA/NOAA UAV Demo (5/05 to 9/05); 10) NASA/USFS Western States Fire Mission (8/06); and 11) Suborbital Telepresence.

Cobleigh, Brent

2006-01-01

74

Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products  

E-print Network

Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products and materials - The challenges OF THE REPORT 27 2 GREEN TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT OF GENERIC TECHNOLOGIES 29 2.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE METHODOLOGICAL and marketing frame-work conditions 54 3.2.2 ICT as technology area 59 3.3 ICT AND THE ENVIRONMENT 64 3

75

Neuroanatomical Substrates of Foresight in Schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

The ability to think of the long-term consequences of one's behavior and use this information to guide present and future actions, commonly referred to as foresight, is a key higher-order cognitive ability that may be deficient among persons with schizophrenia and substantially limit the degree to which such individuals experience a functional recovery from the disease. This research investigated the neuroanatomical basis of foresight in schizophrenia, in order to identify potential brain regions that may underly impaired foresightfulness among this population. Participants in the early course of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (N = 50) were assessed using structural magnetic resonance imaging and clinician-rated measures of foresight and psychopathology. Voxel-based morphometry was used to examine the relationship between foresight and regional gray matter volume in the ventromedial prefrontal, orbitofrontal and cingulate cortices. Significant positive associations were observed between foresight and gray matter volume density in the right orbitofrontal, ventromedial prefrontal, and posterior cingulate cortices, as well as the left ventromedial prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices, after correcting for multiple comparisons. These relationships persisted after adjusting for age, gender, illness duration, and psychopathology. Better foresight was most strongly associated with increased gray matter in the right orbitofrontal/ventromedial prefrontal cortex, suggesting that reductions in gray matter volume in this region may be associated with impaired foresight in schizophrenia. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:18603414

Eack, Shaun M.; George, Manish M.; Prasad, Konasale M. R.; Keshavan, Matcheri S.

2008-01-01

76

An Ontology Based Model for Technology Foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology foresight is an emergent tool for technology policy making both at national and business levels. This research takes advantage of the knowledge representation technique known as ontology to categorize the things that are assumed to exist in a specific technology domain. Technology foresight model is developed in this paper without any detail about the embedded concepts. Each country can

Ali Abdollahi; Mehdi Fasanghari; M. Mohammedpour; M. Soltani; M. Nili

2008-01-01

77

Technology foresight—The future for IT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology foresight is critical to the development and survival of all organizations as technology continues to redefine and invent completely new industries over the coming decades. A technology foresight model is proposed with five strands. These strands take into consideration technology trends, market prediction, the route to market and the timing. The fifth is the identification of the organizations which

G. W. Robinson

1996-01-01

78

Systemic analysis of UK foresight results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new systems approach to foresight studies. The paper will first indicate the complex and conflicting nature of long-term decision-making process. Then, the need for systems approach will be highlighted by the analysis of 1995 UK Delphi survey results and the scenarios of 2000 UK foresight scenarios. The paper proposes two methodologies, namely Integrated Management Model (IMM)

Ozcan Saritas; M. Atilla Oner

2004-01-01

79

Lessons from using scenarios for strategic foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic foresight requires a longer and broader view of the environment and, as we at the Institute for Alternative Futures (IAF) would argue, a conscious attention to the organization's vision and visionary scenarios in the environment. Having promoted foresight on six continents for a wide range of governments, corporations, and non-profit organizations, we have developed lessons on the design and

Clem Bezold

2010-01-01

80

Science Fair Project Index 1981-1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1981 through 1984. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

Bishop, Cynthia, Ed.; Crowe, Deborah, Ed.

81

Science Fair Project Index 1973-1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1973 through 1980. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

Akron - Summit County Public Library, OH.

82

Astrobiology Student Science Fair Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extrasolar Planet Transit and The Light Curve of a Variable Star are some titles of high school student projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. These students were mentored by teachers who participated in the UH Institute for Astronomy Toward Other Planetary Systems summer program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech. After attending several 3-week TOPS NSF

M. Kadooka; K. J. Meech

2004-01-01

83

Science Fair Project Resource Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Guides student progress on science fair projects, providing links to online resources for each step in the process: choosing a topic, understanding the scientific method, posing a good question, finding resources or asking experts for information. Plus, recommends links with tips for preparation of student papers displays and presentations. And, provides a list of links are like handbooks, taking students through all the steps.

84

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Asynchronous Notification in Condor By Vidhya Murali #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Existing Condor Notification System Email Notifier Machine ­N startD schedD logs Condor Pool #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Goal -1 F I L T E R Machine

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

85

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison How I learned to Stop Worrying and Love Preemption #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor The Community Community as Metaphor Best thing about Condor? #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Two Questions > How much more room in OSG? > How long can jobs

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

86

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Running Interpreted Jobs #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Overview > Many folks running Matlab, R, etc. > Interpreters complicate Condor jobs > Let's talk about best practices. #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor What's R? #!/usr/bin/R X

Liblit, Ben

87

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Virtual Machines in Condor #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Virtual Machines > Simulated hardware > Software in the VM thinks it's running on a normal machine 2 #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Virtual Machines Real Machine Virtual Machines 3

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

88

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Condor and Workflows: An Introduction Condor Week 2011 Kent Wenger #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor2 Outline > Introduction/motivation > Basic DAGMan features > Pegasus #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor3 My jobs have dependencies... Can Condor help solve

Liblit, Ben

89

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Condor and Workflows: An Introduction Condor Week 2012 Nathan Panike, channeling Kent Wenger #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor2 Outline and recovery > Advanced DAGMan features #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor3 My jobs have dependencies... Can Condor

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

90

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Running Map-Reduce Under Condor #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Cast of thousands > Mihai Pop > Michael Schatz > Dan Sommer hUniversity of Maryland Center for Computational Biology > Faisal Khan, Ken Hahn UW > David Schwartz, LMCG #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

91

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Upgrading Condor Best Practices #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor You want Condor X.Y.Z > But you don't want hLong down time hKilled jobs hLoss of configuration settings hStale configuration settings hSurprises #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

92

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Extending Condor Condor Week 2010 Todd Tannenbaum #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor 2 Some classifications Application Program Interfaces (APIs) > Job Control > Operational Monitoring Extensions #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor 3 Job Control

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

93

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Dynamic Slot Tutorial #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Why we need partitionable slots How they've worked since 7.2 What's new in 7.8 What's still left to do Outline #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor What's the Problem? #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

94

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison An Introduction to Using Condor Condor Week 2012 #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor2 The Team - 2011 > established in 1985 > research and development of distributed high throughput computing #12;www.cs.wisc.edu/Condor Today (May 1

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

95

A study of applying the internet platform on technology foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we look at the current global status and trend of technology foresight, analyze the development of group decision support system and how it is utilized in technology foresight, determine the stakeholders to participate in technology foresight from global cases, analyze and determine whether the methods used in global technology foresight is appropriate for the Internet.

Tsai-Hua Kang; Li-Min Tsai; Shieh Jia-Horng; Benjamin Yuan

2009-01-01

96

The foresight model that focuses on political and social  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to global competition and rapid technological advancement, foresight has become an important method of formulating technological policies. In this study, we look at the different kinds of foresight models. And brief analyze political and social aspect foresight. Finally, we will describe “The Foresight Integration Model” which based on political and social forming.

Tsai-Hua Kang; Shieh Jia-Horng; Chien Ching Chang; Kuang-Pin Li; Li-Min Tsai

2010-01-01

97

ANNOUNCING BONUS FALL FORESIGHT CERTIFICATE COURSE The UH Foresight program is very happy to announce a "bonus"  

E-print Network

and to register, visit: http://www.uh.edu/technology/programs/pro fessional/foresight/index.php *If the courseANNOUNCING BONUS FALL FORESIGHT CERTIFICATE COURSE The UH Foresight program is very happy to announce a "bonus" fall 2014 offering of the foresight certificate course. Space is limited

Azevedo, Ricardo

98

Private Universe Project in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of educational videos about teaching science was produced by the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. It is offered as part of the Annenberg Learner initiative and explores "the reasons why teaching science is so difficult." The series contains nine 90-minute workshops containing information about classroom activities, teaching suggestions, and so on. The titles here include "Physics: Hands-On/Minds-On Learning" and "Chemistry: A House With No Foundation." The site includes links to Related Resources and a rather fine project lab that can be used to help students learn about the phases of the Moon and the reasons for the seasons.

99

Science Fair Scene: Turning Ideas into Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the steps necessary to conduct a science fair project and examines two specific examples of how a basic idea for a science fair topic can be followed to its completion. Provides examples of day-to-day operational science in a basic botany project and a lunar geography project. (JJK)

McQueen, David R.

1991-01-01

100

Science teacher enhancement project (STEP)  

SciTech Connect

STEP, a National Science Foundation-funded initiative, forms an alliance between the three private Virginia Historically Black Colleges (Hampton University, Virginia Union University, and Saint Paul`s College) and nine school divisions, to increase the capabilities of middle school science teachers. Clearly articulated roles of each partner, and the inclusion of all partners in program planning has been invaluable. A unique feature of this project is the careful tailoring of the program to meet the needs of each school division, effected by ongoing communication between all of the partners. The program effected by ongoing communication between all of the partners. The program includes a Lead Teacher and Teacher Trainee component, and emphasizes science content, using a hands-on approach. In addition to science content, the Lead Teachers receive training in leadership, proposal writing, and pedagogical enrichment responsive to the curriculum change directions in science education, especially as it relates to minority and at-risk students. The enrichment is provided by university scientists and educators, through summer institutes and academic year workshops. Results include: use of new technologies in the classroom, cross-grade communication, use of university scientists as presenters for family science programs, and improved knowledge.

Ramsey, P.P.; Bowman, A.W. [Hampton Univ., VA (United States)

1994-12-31

101

NEW IDEAS FOR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS GUIDE FOR THE SCIENCE FAIR PARTICIPANTS BEGINS WITH A CHAPTER ON THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND THE SCIENCE FAIR, AND CONTINUES THROUGH THE FIVE CHAPTERS OF PART ONE, PLANNING AND EXECUTING YOUR PROJECT, TO EXPLAIN THE DETAILS INVOLVED IN SELECTING, DEVELOPING, AND EXHIBITING A PROJECT. PART II OF THE VOLUME CONSIDERS THE STRUCTURE OF SCIENCE

FARMER, ROBERT A.; SAWYER, ROGER WILLIAMS

102

Making and implementing foresight policy to engage the academic community: health and life scientists’ involvement in, and response to, development of the UK’s technology foresight programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successful implementation of research policy that is intended to impinge, at least partially, on universities often requires the engagement of the academic community. This article provides a detailed analysis of the formulation and operationalisation of the technology foresight programme in the UK, particularly in relation to the health and life sciences (HLS). The background and objectives of the policy are

Steve Hanney; Mary Henkel; Dagmar von Walden Laing

2001-01-01

103

Astrobiology Student Science Fair Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extrasolar Planet Transit and The Light Curve of a Variable Star are some titles of high school student projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. These students were mentored by teachers who participated in the UH Institute for Astronomy Toward Other Planetary Systems summer program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech. After attending several 3-week TOPS NSF workshops from 1999, these teachers in 2003 were trained to do observing plans to obtain telescope images, use image processing software MIRA for photometry, and produce light curves of variable stars and extrasolar planet transits. Others used the software Astrometrica to do astrometry of Kuiper Belt Objects. Using Compaq laptop computers on long term loan, our teachers mentored their students for astronomy projects during the 2003-2004 school year with the assistance of IfA astronomers and graduate students. Observing plans for images from the 31 inch Lowell Telescope in Arizona and the 2.2 meter UH telescope at Mauna Kea Observatory were followed. Students had to learn about variables such as exposure time, magnitude, frequency requirements, and ephemeris. The many iterations were time consuming and demanded patience and perseverance. Poor weather conditions exposed the students to the realities of astronomy research, so they experienced the highs of successful projects. Future projects will be related to the UH NAI team research using the 2.0 meter Faulkes Telescope located on Haleakala on island of Maui. The TOPS program is funded by National Science Foundation.

Kadooka, M.; Meech, K. J.

2004-11-01

104

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT WINNERS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR  

E-print Network

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT WINNERS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR SWEEPSTAKES WINNER FAIR PROJECT WINNERS MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR SWEEPSTAKES WINNER! Kirsten Blanton, Cram Middle School Academy of Science Las Vegas 2 nd : Allie O'Bier, Montessori Visions Academy 3 rd : Moonis Ghani, Omar

Hemmers, Oliver

105

Development policies in the EU and technology foresight: an experiment in Portugal  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national technology foresight project was developed in Portugal in 1999 and 2000 (ET2000) with the major objective to understand and to boost the contribution of engineering and technology (E&T), to improve the competitiveness of Portuguese firms. This project was based on multiple networks promoting debate and interchange of perspectives between policy makers, administration, business and university experts. The work

L. Valadares Tavares

2002-01-01

106

NEED Project: Science of Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a curriculum unit for middle school designed to introduce energy as a physics concept in five class sessions. It meets multiple NextGen Science standards through hands-on lab stations. Students investigate energy transfer, storage of energy, the difference between "energy forms" and "energy sources", and trace energy flow through systems. Creative activities include "Happy Sphere, Sad Sphere" for exploring kinetic vs. potential energy; solar panels and glow toys to learn about transformation of radiant energy; "Memory Metal" (nitinol wire) to explore how thermal energy is transformed into motion; and light sticks to investigate chemical energy transformation. Each activity includes Teachers Guide, background information, detailed lesson plans, glossary, and example assessments. A full set of materials can be purchased from NEED or easily obtained through science supply retailers. The NEED Project is a national initiative to bring innovative curriculum materials in energy education to teachers and learners from the primary grades through college.

107

4-H Textile Science Textile Arts Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three 4-H textile arts projects for students in the textile sciences area. The projects cover weaving, knitting, and crocheting. Each project provides an overview of what the student will learn, what materials are needed, and suggested projects for the area. Projects can be adapted for beginning, intermediate, or advanced…

Scholl, Jan

108

Science Fair Projects: Teaching Science or Something Else?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frequently, science fair projects have little relevance to the goals of science. Criteria for judging projects are not evident to students, parents, judges, and other participants. Listed are seven steps to a better fair project which emphasize methodology and presentation. Also included are hints for involving parents. (DC)

Cornell, Elizabeth A.

1981-01-01

109

The Age Shift: Priorities for Action. Ageing Population Panel. Foresight: Making the Future Work for You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Foresight Ageing Population Panel, which included representatives of business, government, the science base, and other experts from the United Kingdom, was charged with examining trends in the United Kingdom's population and the other drivers of change that will operate in the next 20-30 years. The panel discussed the likely impacts of the…

Department of Trade and Industry, London (England).

110

"Professors of Foresight": Finding a Place for the Future in Journalism Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of the future has grown into a valued tool for business planners, government, and nongovernmental organizations, as well as for many areas of the social sciences. Yet despite the need for reporters and editors who can inject foresight into the news--and despite studies showing that the disciplined use of "futures thinking" not only can…

Somerville, Richard

111

How do episodic and semantic memory contribute to episodic foresight in young children?  

PubMed Central

Humans are able to transcend the present and mentally travel to another time, place, or perspective. Mentally projecting ourselves backwards (i.e., episodic memory) or forwards (i.e., episodic foresight) in time are crucial characteristics of the human memory system. Indeed, over the past few years, episodic memory has been argued to be involved both in our capacity to retrieve our personal past experiences and in our ability to imagine and foresee future scenarios. However, recent theory and findings suggest that semantic memory also plays a significant role in imagining future scenarios. We draw on Tulving’s definition of episodic and semantic memory to provide a critical analysis of their role in episodic foresight tasks described in the developmental literature. We conclude by suggesting future directions of research that could further our understanding of how both episodic memory and semantic memory are intimately connected to episodic foresight. PMID:25071690

Martin-Ordas, Gema; Atance, Cristina M.; Caza, Julian S.

2014-01-01

112

Science Projects in Biology. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sources to assist junior and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, and executing science fair projects in the biological science are cited here, as well as a few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students. (AA)

Carter, Constance, Comp.; Wilson, Alana, Comp.

113

4-H Textile Science Beginner Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three 4-H projects for students beginning the sewing sequence of the textile sciences area. The projects cover basics of sewing using sewing machines, more difficult sewing machine techniques, and hand sewing. Each project provides an overview of what the student will learn, what materials are needed, and suggested projects

Scholl, Jan

114

Foresight defined as a component of Strategic Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores basic theoretical affinities between Foresight and Futures and Strategic Management, arguing that at this point in its development, Foresight can best be understood and deployed as an explicitly managerial discipline.The growth of Foresight and Futures Studies as a discipline has been less robust than the internal logic of the field would predict, potentially indicating an opportunity for

Devin Fidler

2011-01-01

115

NORDIC HYDROGEN ENERGY FORESIGHT CHALLENGES OF MANAGING THE INTERACTIVE PROCESS  

E-print Network

in defining the approach and objectives. It was considered that technology foresight exercises offer (see e.g. Barré, 2001; Salo et al, 2004). In several EU member states technology foresight programmes1 NORDIC HYDROGEN ENERGY FORESIGHT ­ CHALLENGES OF MANAGING THE INTERACTIVE PROCESS Annele Eerola

116

Evaluation of national foresight activities: Assessing rationale, process and impact  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the question of what constitutes an appropriate evaluation strategy for national foresight activities in different situations. The variety of rationales for foresight is explored, ranging from a desire to set priorities through to participation-oriented goals and building new networks around common visions and strategies. A generational model of foresight is used to show the evolution of key

Luke Georghiou; Michael Keenan

2006-01-01

117

The Overall Foresight Model that Focuses on Consensus Forming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to global competition and rapid technological advancement, foresight has become an important method of formulating technological policies. Consensus forming is one of the benefits of the foresight procedure as it allows the society to effectively understand a technology's characteristics during its initial developmental stage. Also, foresight effectively guides the development of a technology, eliminating the dilemma of being unable

Benjamin Yuan; Tsai-Hua Kang; Chien Ching Chang

2007-01-01

118

Green Technology Foresight as Instrument in Governance for Sustainability  

E-print Network

Green Technology Foresight as Instrument in Governance for Sustainability Paper for `Governance governance of research and industrial innovation systems. Technology foresight has in recent years been, The Netherlands, Greece, and the Czech Republic. Technology foresight can be defined as systematic analysis

119

Foresight — balancing between increasing variety and productive convergence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extensive involvement of social actors and perspectives is an increasing trend in foresight. Simultaneously, however, the theoretical literature suggests that there is a trade-off between increasing variety and productive convergence. The paper examines, through a sample of recent foresight exercises, how European foresight balances between variety and convergence. The findings support the existence of a trade-off, and suggest that it

Mikko Rask

2008-01-01

120

Ris-R-1292(EN) Sensor Technology Foresight  

E-print Network

Risø-R-1292(EN) Sensor Technology Foresight Per Dannemand Andersen Birte Holst Jørgensen Birgitte FORESIGHT QUESTIONNAIRE 1 #12;Sensor Technology Center A/S Together with Risoe National Laboratory Sensor Technology Foresight Questionnaire Dear Sir/Madam, Thank you for taking the time to participate in the survey

121

Ris-R-1490(EN) Technology Foresight and Cleaner  

E-print Network

Risø-R-1490(EN) Technology Foresight and Cleaner Production in a Highly Polluted Industrial Area;Author: Birte Holst Jørgensen and Chris Buckley Title: Technology Foresight and Cleaner Production technology foresight exercises at national level in South Africa as well as various cleaner production

122

Ris-R-1292(EN) Sensor Technology Foresight  

E-print Network

Risø-R-1292(EN) Sensor Technology Foresight Per Dannemand Andersen Birte Holst Jørgensen Birgitte Laboratory has carried out a sensor technology foresight in order to strengthen a strategic outlook on sensor technology. The technology foresight (with a timeframe of 2000 to 2015) has been performed in the period

123

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com New evidence for animal foresight?  

E-print Network

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com FORUM New evidence for animal foresight? THOMAS; initial acceptance 12 November 2007; final acceptance 9 January 2008; published online 18 March 2008; MS; memory; planning; scrub-jay M ental time travel, the ability to project oneself forwards or backwards

Indiana University

124

Group Projects and the Computer Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group projects in computer science are normally delivered with reference to good software engineering practice. The discipline of software engineering is rapidly evolving, and the application of the latest 'agile techniques' to group projects causes a potential conflict with constraints imposed by regulating bodies on the computer science

Joy, Mike

2005-01-01

125

Commentary: The Value of Science Research Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this month's Commentary, the value of science research projects is emphasized. The authors of this article have found that conservatively such projects could potentially have a positive impact on curricular requirements, regardless of the perception that science projects should be complex and difficult or that they should be limited only to students who continue their education beyond high school. They effectively illustrate the benefits of science projects as an alternative learning path for all students, where they acquire critical thinking skills and other components of inquiry-based instruction.

Frisby, Al; Mccurdy, Dennis

2005-04-01

126

Foresight scanning: future directions of clinical and pharmaceutical research.  

PubMed

Foresight Scanning: Future Directions of Clinical and Pharmaceutical Research. Brian C. Foster, Therapeutic Products Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada ABSTRACT The Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences Satellite Symposium on Foresight Scanning, May 26 and 27, 2008, Nordegg, Alberta, Canada, focussed on the future directions of clinical and pharmaceutical research. The symposium brought together a group of clinicians, regulatory scientists, researchers and students to examine where clinical, pharmaceutical, and regulatory science might be in 10 to 15 years. Industry, regulatory, analytical, and clinical perspectives were presented and discussed, as well as the impact of exogenous (indirect) and endogenous (direct) change drivers. Unconditional funding was provided by Bayer HealthCare; they had no input on the direction of the meeting or selection of speakers. It was envisioned that the more important endogenous drivers may not be new information or changes in technology, policy, regulation, or health care delivery, but amplification of long-term underlying trends by emergence of new technologies, convergence of existing technologies or new communication and collaboration vehicles such as Web 2.0. PMID:19183518

Foster, Brian C

2008-01-01

127

MASTER OF SCIENCE Enterprise Project  

E-print Network

in advanced project management techniques and those very critical "soft skills." Enterprise Project Management skills to lead enterprise-level projects and project teams in support of strategic business goals will gain insight and develop leadership skills in the areas of diverse cultural and behavioral project

Yang, Eui-Hyeok

128

Easy-Science-Fair-Projects.net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of science fair project ideas and instructions created by an experienced teacher focuses on the needs of younger students. Projects are illustrated with photographs, the instructions are written for children, and all projects emphasize use of the scientific method: formulating a question, making a guess about what will happen, recording results, writing a report, and creating a display.

Marilyn L. Brown

129

Academic Responses to the UK Foresight Programme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how far British government policies influence academic values and ways of working through an examination of the United Kingdom Foresight Programme, a governmental effort to set priorities for research through identification of emerging technologies and markets. Feedback from scientists and social scientists found shifting attitudes toward…

Henkel, Mary

2000-01-01

130

UK Technology Foresight – sensors strategy for 2015  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summarises the report of a Sensors Task Force which was formed as part of the UK Technology Foresight exercise. Examines the various markets for sensor technology, both globally and in the UK. Details the opportunities and challenges, market pull factors, and the most promising technologies and application areas.

Peter McGeehin

2002-01-01

131

Innovative classification of technology foresight methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the end of the twentieth century there is a noticeable worldwide paradigm shift in future studies which are so far based mainly on statistical methods. The development of a social, not only a strictly scientific vision of the future has become crucial. It appears that the biggest role in this context played technology foresight programs (whose origins go back

Andrzej Magruk

2011-01-01

132

Foresight: Definition and Need for Arizona Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the working papers in the final report of the Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and Competitiveness, this document discusses the importance of foresight (a broad based, future-oriented evaluation) for Arizona's universities. Institutions of all types must recognize varying degrees of a need to base their…

Caldwell, Roger L.

133

History of Rotating Machine Development and Foresight  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The history of electrical rotating machines such as generators and motors in Japan is around one hundred years. At early stage, all machines were imported from foreign countries, but now domestic industries introduce new concept of machines and are leading these kinds of technology. Reviewing of history and development and foresight seems meaningful for further development.

Tari, Makoto; Nagano, Susumu; Amemori, Shiro; Aso, Toshiyuki

134

Educated Foresight for the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To deal with the rapidly germinating technosocial climates of the twentieth century, educators must develop "educational foresight." Schools' challenges will include changes in structural organization and staff deployment, a reformulated curriculum and schedule, and new "waves" of microelectronics and information to help process and apply the…

Shane, Harold G.

1989-01-01

135

Elementary and middle school science improvement project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Alabama A & M University Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project (Project SIP) was instituted in response to a need to improve the ability of North Alabama teachers to teach science effectively using the experimental or hands-on approach. The major component of the project was a two-week workshop. Follow-up visits were made to the classrooms of many of the participating teachers to obtain information on how the program was being implemented in the classroom. The administrative aspects of the program, the delivery of the services to participating teachers, and the project outcomes are addressed.

Mcguire, Saundra Yancy

1987-01-01

136

Steering vaccinomics innovations with anticipatory governance and participatory foresight.  

PubMed

Vaccinomics is the convergence of vaccinology and population-based omics sciences. The success of knowledge-based innovations such as vaccinomics is not only contingent on access to new biotechnologies. It also requires new ways of governance of science, knowledge production, and management. This article presents a conceptual analysis of the anticipatory and adaptive approaches that are crucial for the responsible design and sustainable transition of vaccinomics to public health practice. Anticipatory governance is a new approach to manage the uncertainties embedded on an innovation trajectory with participatory foresight, in order to devise governance instruments for collective "steering" of science and technology. As a contrast to hitherto narrowly framed "downstream impact assessments" for emerging technologies, anticipatory governance adopts a broader and interventionist approach that recognizes the social construction of technology design and innovation. It includes in its process explicit mechanisms to understand the factors upstream to the innovation trajectory such as deliberation and cocultivation of the aims, motives, funding, design, and direction of science and technology, both by experts and publics. This upstream shift from a consumer "product uptake" focus to "participatory technology design" on the innovation trajectory is an appropriately radical and necessary departure in the field of technology assessment, especially given that considerable public funds are dedicated to innovations. Recent examples of demands by research funding agencies to anticipate the broad impacts of proposed research--at a very upstream stage at the time of research funding application--suggest that anticipatory governance with foresight may be one way how postgenomics scientific practice might transform in the future toward responsible innovation. Moreover, the present context of knowledge production in vaccinomics is such that policy making for vaccines of the 21st century is occurring in the face of uncertainties where the "facts are uncertain, values in dispute, stakes high and decisions urgent and where no single one of these dimensions can be managed in isolation from the rest." This article concludes, however, that uncertainty is not an accident of the scientific method, but its very substance. Anticipatory governance with participatory foresight offers a mechanism to respond to such inherent sociotechnical uncertainties in the emerging field of vaccinomics by making the coproduction of scientific knowledge by technology and the social systems explicit. Ultimately, this serves to integrate scientific and social knowledge thereby steering innovations to coproduce results and outputs that are socially robust and context sensitive. PMID:21848419

Ozdemir, Vural; Faraj, Samer A; Knoppers, Bartha M

2011-09-01

137

"Creative Final Projects" in Mathematics and Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In a final class project, art and communications students taking science and mathematics courses at Chicago's Columbia College and the Illinois Institute of Art produce a significant creative work using a media of their own choosing. In this article, the

Cherif, Abour; Gialamas, Stefanos

2000-02-01

138

Designing Appropriate Scaffolding for Student Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The authors have developed a successful approach to teaching and inspiring undergraduate science and nonscience majors to complete creditable, semester-long, hands-on science research projects. This approach utilizes a carefully developed scaffolding consisting of in-class exercises and discussions, preparatory homework and lab events, and three well-calibrated milestones prior to submission of students' final report. This scaffolding has increased student confidence and the caliber of final projects.

Marie Johnson

2008-12-01

139

Life sciences space biology project planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Life Sciences Space Biology (LSSB) research will explore the effect of microgravity on humans, including the physiological, clinical, and sociological implications of space flight and the readaptations upon return to earth. Physiological anomalies from past U.S. space flights will be used in planning the LSSB project.The planning effort integrates science and engineering. Other goals of the LSSB project include the provision of macroscopic view of the earth's biosphere, and the development of spinoff technology for application on earth.

Primeaux, G.; Newkirk, K.; Miller, L.; Lewis, G.; Michaud, R.

1988-01-01

140

From irreversibility to participation: towards a participatory foresight for the governance of collective environmental risks.  

PubMed

This paper presents a reflection on the introduction of methods and tools of "participative foresight" for scientific and technology policy as well as environmental policy fields. Future studies have recently made a comeback under the label of foresight. Future technology studies no longer claim to forecast the future, but are presented as a strategic tool for improving interaction between key actors and for anticipatory policy making. They can be defined as a "process by which one comes to a fuller understanding of the forces shaping the long term future which should be taken into account in policy formulation, planning and decision-making" [Foresight in Federal Government Policymaking, Futures Res. Quart. (1985) 29]. We discuss applications of this approach for perspectives on environmental policy and sustainable development. Foresight opens up the possibility of negotiating a new and more fruitful relationship or 'social contract' between science and technology, on the one hand, and society on the other. The focus has moved from merely scientific and industrial insights to social demand, thus emphasizing the importance of both the production and "supply" of innovation, and the "demand" as signaled in the views of citizens. PMID:11532368

Faucheux, S; Hue, C

2001-09-14

141

Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sources listed in this document are selected to provide guidance to students, parents, and teachers throughout the process of planning, developing, implementing, and competing in science fair activities. While sources range in suitability from elementary to high school levels, the emphasis is on materials for grades 9-12. This guide updates LC…

Howland, Joyce, Comp.

142

Private Universe Project in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of nine video-based workshops developed to help teachers identify and implement strategies that help students deeply learn abstract science content. Be prepared for a surprise: each video includes footage of college graduates from prestigious universities who have retained grossly erroneous conceptions about fundamental science topics that are typically covered in grades K-8. How could they have graduated from top institutions with these deeply-ingrained misconceptions? The videos demonstrate how a student's preconceived ideas can pose critical barriers to learning science. Next, they introduce educational research about how students learn science and provide strategies for overcoming misconception to allow for new (and correct) understanding. Topics explored in the videos include: electricity, photosynthesis, the seasons, chemistry, geometric optics, environmental science, gravity, and more.

2012-11-30

143

Project-Based Science Instruction: A Primer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project-based science (PBS) instruction can simply be defined as a student-centered science teaching approach, in which students produce tangible learning outcomes by posing and answering research questions that are relevant to their own lives and communities. In a PBS classroom, students are encouraged to take responsibility for their own learning. This article provides an introduction to PBS instruction for both beginning and veteran science teachers who are interested in implementing this approach in their classrooms.

Colley, Kabba

2008-11-01

144

BOOK REVIEW: Science Fair Projects: Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose. Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or

Bob Bonnet; Dan Keen

2000-01-01

145

Useful Science Projects...from Edison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background information, lists of materials needed, and detailed procedures are provided for five science projects. These projects involve constructing and using: (1) an electric pencil; (2) a buzzer to send coded messages; (3) a battery which produces light; (4) a radio that plays for free; and (5) a supersensitive cigar-box microphone. Diagrams…

Schultz, Robert F.

146

The Thinking Machine: A Physical Science Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science projects can be a wonderful opportunity for learning and creativity, or a gigantic headache for teachers. After several years of implementation, experience, and revision, the author has put together a fun and engaging project centered on machines that is appropriate for middle school students. This project came to be known simply as "The Thinking Machine Project," which draws its origin from the national Rube Goldberg Machine competition held each year at Purdue University. Here is one way to bring technology, writing, drawing, creativity, and hands-on ingenuity together in a single fun and successful project.

Amber Jarrard

2008-11-01

147

Technology foresight for competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic planning and priority-setting have become inevitable for organizations that spend money on science and technology. Whether making or buying innovative products and processes, the activity is characterized by uncertainty and discovery. How then is it possible to square an essentially rational process such as deciding on priorities with the unpredictability of science? One approach that is attracting considerable interest

Joe Anderson

1997-01-01

148

Science Sampler: Global Warming Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To address the issue of global warming locally, the author developed an inquiry-based project to examine the impact of the school’s traffic situation on climate change. In this project, students collected data in the parking lot/driveway, researched greenhouse gas emissions of vehicles, and developed solutions to the traffic problem. Their solutions, if implemented, will reduce their school’s carbon footprint. Completing this project made other students in the school aware of the severity of the global climate change problem.

Christopher Blough

2009-11-01

149

Super Science Fair Projects: Complete Guide to Science Fair Projects, Topics and Experiments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Today your teacher announced that your school is going to have a science fair and students are responsible for exhibiting their projects. What do you feel? Enthusiastic? Despondent? Dreadful? Fearful? Excited?" This statement opens the Super Science Fair Projects site. Actually, whether student or parent, science fair projects, while great ways to get students actively involved in learning the scientific method and problem solving, can be tough assignments. This site may help you with one of the hardest parts: coming up with an idea. The site does a great job of walking the visitor through the steps needed to plan and implement a project, from Choosing a Topic, the Scientific Method, and writing the Project Report. There are even tips on displaying your project, rehearsing, winning over judges, and what to expect the day of the fair. This is definitely a great tool to tap into when planning a science fair project.

150

Escaping Path Dependence – Essays on Foresight and Environmental Management.  

E-print Network

??The dissertation examines linkages between foresight, innovation and environmental management and policy to escape undesirable path dependencies at the different levels of innovation systems, especially… (more)

Könnölä, Totti

2006-01-01

151

Modeling Limited Foresight in Water Management Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The inability to forecast future water supplies means that their management inevitably occurs under situations of limited foresight. Three modeling problems arise, first what type of objective function is a manager with limited foresight optimizing? Second how can we measure these objectives? Third can objective functions that incorporate uncertainty be integrated within the structure of optimizing water management models? The paper reviews the concepts of relative risk aversion and intertemporal substitution that underlie stochastic dynamic preference functions. Some initial results from the estimation of such functions for four different dam operations in northern California are presented and discussed. It appears that the path of previous water decisions and states influences the decision-makers willingness to trade off water supplies between periods. A compromise modeling approach that incorporates carry-over value functions under limited foresight within a broader net work optimal water management model is developed. The approach uses annual carry-over value functions derived from small dimension stochastic dynamic programs embedded within a larger dimension water allocation network. The disaggregation of the carry-over value functions to the broader network is extended using the space rule concept. Initial results suggest that the solution of such annual nonlinear network optimizations is comparable to, or faster than, the solution of linear network problems over long time series.

Howitt, R.

2005-12-01

152

Independent project/Master degree project Subject: Environmental Science, Soil Science  

E-print Network

Independent project/Master degree project Subject: Environmental Science, Soil Science Level: D, E. The Department of Soil and Environment in cooperation with the Centre for Chemical Pesticides (CKB) maintains;Contacts: Mats Larsbo, Assistant professor, Division of Biogeophysics and Water Quality, Department of Soil

153

The suitability of technology forecasting\\/foresight methods for decision systems and strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates technology forecasting and foresight (TF\\/F) methods in relation to users' decision systems for science and technology (S&T) strategies. As TF\\/F is an aid to decisions for attaining S&T goals, we examine the serviceability or suitability and acceptability of the methods and outcomes of TF\\/F for decision systems and S&T strategies. The focus is on extrapolation and Delphi

Hajime Eto

2003-01-01

154

Technology Foresight for IT Investment: Multi-Criteria Decision-Making versus Prediction Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents and compares two original techniques for disruptive technology assessment and foresight based on opposite paradigm: a management science approach (Multi-Criteria Decision-Making) versus a Web 2.0 approach (Prediction Market). These approaches are intended to support the management of a technology portfolio and the assessment of new technology by an IT organization. In order to explore the relevance of

Jan Ondrus; Cédric Gaspoz; Yves Pigneur

2007-01-01

155

Technological foresight and technological scanning for identifying priorities and opportunities: the biotechnology and health sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present a methodology for technological foresight and technological scanning based on S&T and knowledge indicators. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This proposal considers S&T and knowledge indicators, such as a patents indicator (technology), research and development indicator (science) and competencies indicator (human resources). International databases and a data-and text-mining tool are used to build up knowledge maps

Adelaide Antunes; Claudia Canongia

2006-01-01

156

Science Sampler: A (minty) fresh approach to science fair projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many students are excited at the prospect of doing a science fair project, but they don't know how to go about asking an appropriate question or designing an experiment to answer their question. This class activity allows students to quickly "do" a class science fair project in order to see how it's done. It's also a great way to introduce concepts of controlling variables and testing multiple subjects using an inexpensive breath mint. Even if you do not do science fair projects with your class, this is a terrific activity for the beginning of the year as an introduction to the process of scientific inquiry. Students discover how to ask a simple question and collect data to answer it in a step-by-step fashion.

Nancy Balter

2007-02-01

157

Project Integration Method Based on Knowledge Set Theory in Science and Technology Project Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science and technology project management work is a management of scientific research activities with the form of project. In subjects continuously detailed and crossover fusion growing today, scientific research project extensive exchange and cooperation is an important driving force of the development of science and technology. Therefore, according to the similitude degree between science and technology projects to integrate projects

Haifeng Li

2011-01-01

158

Addressing the 'Technology Foresight Deficit': A Multidimensional Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foreseeing the business potential of an emerging technology remains a problem of daunting complexity. Humankind's track record of such foresight has been rather underwhelming - a situation that may be termed the 'technology foresight deficit'. Overcoming this deficit, or evaluating the potential of new or emerging technologies is clearly a problem of great importance. We present here a novel methodology

V. P. Kochikar

2008-01-01

159

Shaping Thailand’s IT future through technology foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology foresight is becoming an important instrument in the policy-making process in many countries. But unless foresight studies engage the full spectrum of users and industry sectors, they may never see implementation. In one study of the IT sector in Thailand, a tightly-knit industry and the active participation of its trade association ensured maximum consultation and the most collective of

Ketmanee Ausadamongkol; Denis Loveridge

2001-01-01

160

Foresight, function representation, and social intelligence in the great apes.  

PubMed

We find problems with Vaesen's treatment of the primatological research, in particular his analysis of foresight, function representation, and social intelligence. We argue that his criticism of research on foresight in great apes is misguided. His claim that primates do not attach functions to particular objects is also problematic. Finally, his analysis of theory of mind neglects many distinctions. PMID:22697364

Osvath, Mathias; Persson, Tomas; Gärdenfors, Peter

2012-08-01

161

Enhancing business and technology foresight with electronically mediated scenario process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent turmoil in the world has brought an interest toward creating business and technology foresight to understand the fundamental changes in business, as well as in the environment, society and technology. Especially technology management in changing markets has to deal with long lead times and high sunken costs, and hence handling the risk requires strategic agility and foresight. Scenarios, as

Kalle Piirainen; Antti Lindqvist

2009-01-01

162

Evolution of foresight in the global historical context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main purpose of this paper is to dynamically outline the evolution of foresight in different generations of globalization and different countries. The intention is to characterize several main events, inventions and circumstances that have conducted the evolution of this pervasive method together with broader participation and a changing focus of foresight over time. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The assumption

Marek Jemala

2010-01-01

163

Quality Of Data, Information And Knowledge In Technology Foresight Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Futures research means observation and understanding of today's operational environment as well as identification and positioning of future opportunities. Lots of technology foresight and assessment initiatives are being made, probably in virtually all countries of the world. Articles concerning foresight rarely include assessments of what kind of materials they are based on. If they do, descriptions are general by nature,

Helinä Melkas; Tuomo Uotila

2007-01-01

164

Current Foresight Activities in France, Spain, and Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have brought a significant revival of public foresight activities in many European countries, including France, Spain, and Italy. The French context is rather specific in the sense that public planning and foresight (prospective) are an old tradition starting in the early post war period, but was progressively abandoned until its international revival during the 1990s. The recent experiences

Jean-Alain Héraud; Kerstin Cuhls

1999-01-01

165

Strategic foresight and organizational learning: A survey and critical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning phenomena are a growing concern for strategic foresight, especially with respect to the question of integration of reflection and action. Although an agreement seems to emerge between practitioners and theorists about strong ties linking strategic foresight and learning (in particular organizational learning), the true nature of this link remains ambiguous. This article seeks to shed light on this link

Jean-Philippe Bootz

2010-01-01

166

SocioEconomic and Developmental Needs - Focus of Foresight Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging economies in the CEE\\/NIS region – faced with a number of similar or same challenges when trying to find their new role in the changing international settings, while still characterised by their own distinct level of socio-economic development, set of institutions, culture and norms – can benefit significantly from conducting foresight programmes. Yet, foresight should not be conducted for

Attila Havas

2003-01-01

167

The future of the future: Strategic foresight in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

With few differences in timing, future studies in Latin America were initiated with a linear conception of reality. Orchestrated with techniques such as the Delphi, future studies were supported by mathematical principles of probability. Several countries have surpassed this stage while moving into strategic foresight. Strategic foresight analyzes the future as a multiple reality. In other words, it means thinking

Francisco José Mojica

2010-01-01

168

Methodology for the foresight analysis of electricity markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about a methodology designed for the foresight analysis of the electricity markets as the technologic foresight tools and techniques and the analysis of the systemic development and special characteristics of the electricity markets, in order to have a facility for bringing forward the evolution and development of the electricity markets.

C. Diez; W. Zapata; M. Restrepo; O. Fernandez

2008-01-01

169

Emergence of Foresight Activities in Swedish Government Authorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses and aims to explain the emergence of foresight activities in Swedish government authorities, including environmental scanning and analysis, futures studies and other activities trying to detect and analyse change in the surroundings of the organisation. To explain the growing importance of foresight activities we must consider the increasing administrative authority given to public authorities in recent years,

Torbjörn Lundqvist

2009-01-01

170

Adaptive Foresight: Navigating the complex landscape of policy strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adaptive Foresight has been developed at the crossroads of foresight and adaptive strategic planning. Innovation is seen as increasingly complex, interdependent and uncertain and therefore in need of broad and multi-disciplinary exploration and participation. The adaptive planning paradigm provides a natural guide for navigation of this complex landscape: one should consider whether strategic decisions should be deferred until more information

E. Anders Eriksson; K. Matthias Weber

2008-01-01

171

Physically Handicapped in Science: Final Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-year project was conducted by St. Mary's Junior College to improve the science literacy of visually-impaired students (VIS) through the adaptation of instructional methods and materials. A four-step process was used: (1) learning materials were reviewed to identify problem areas; (2) preliminary adaptations were made based on the review; (3)…

O'Brien, Maureen B.; And Others

172

Science Sampler: Analogy of the cell project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this inquiry-based science project, students compare the makeup of a cell to an everyday working unit or system and create a three-dimensional object that represents their analogy. In addition, students select five specific organelles to include in their analogy.

Lacie Ward

2005-07-01

173

Interpreting foresight process impacts: Steps towards the development of a framework conceptualising the dynamics of ‘foresight systems’  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foresight programmes are usually evaluated in terms of the achievement of initial objectives and the scale and nature of direct, anticipated impacts, notwithstanding the difficulty of measuring such impacts. However, indirect and\\/or unanticipated impacts that fall outside the scope of specific programme goals and objectives have also been reported. These are mainly impacts associated with the foresight process itself, i.e.

Effie Amanatidou; Ken Guy

2008-01-01

174

Developing the evaluation framework of technology foresight program: lesson learned from European countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foresight activities are valued in many countries since 1990s due to their long term strategic planning. These governments consequently allocate most resources in these foresight activities. As a result, the paper mainly develops the evaluation framework of technology foresight program, by integrating the concepts of evaluation and logic framework with the experience of foresight evaluation from developed countries, for instance

S. S. Li; M. H. Kang; L. C. Lee

2009-01-01

175

Responsiveness in foresight management: reflections from the Finnish food and drink industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on experiences from participatory foresight exercises and a recent foresight study for the Finnish food and drink industries, we elaborate three overarching objectives for foresight activities, i.e. * improved systems understanding * enhanced networking * strengthened innovation activities. We also argue that foresight is an inherently creative (and hence uncertain) activity where success depends on how adequately combinations of

Ahti Salo; Totti Konnola; Mari Hjelt

2004-01-01

176

Recent experiences with Energy Technology Foresight in Denmark and on Nordic Level  

E-print Network

Recent experiences with Energy Technology Foresight in Denmark and on Nordic Level First meeting of the Energy Technology Foresight Network (EFONET) Brussels, June 16, 2005 Per Dannemand Andersen Risø National Laboratory per.dannemand@risoe.dk #12;Energy Technology Foresight in Denmark No energy technology foresight

177

Science 101: What makes for a good science fair project?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One way to address this issue is to name a few questions that are not good for science fair projects. Why is the sky blue? Can plants survive without water? and What causes volcanoes? are examples of questions that aren't so great. The reason t

William C. Robertson, Ph.D.

2007-12-01

178

SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE PROJECT Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

Monitored by the Office of Naval Research #12;SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE Department of Computer ScienceSUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE PROJECT Department of Computer Science California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA 91125 Submicron Sy stems Architecture Project Semiannual Technical Report Caltech

179

The Complete Handbook of Science Fair Projects, Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science fairs have become an important key to gathering valuable science experience while pursuing independent projects. This book serves as a guide to every aspect of science fairs and science fair projects. It provides information on finding suitable topics, researching them properly, developing experiments, and giving meaning to data results.…

Bochinski, Julianne Blair

180

Science 101: What makes for a good science fair project?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One way to address this issue is to name a few questions that are not good for science fair projects. Why is the sky blue? Can plants survive without water? and What causes volcanoes? are examples of questions that aren't so great. The reason they're not so great is that scientists already know the answers to those questions. The purpose of a science fair, though, should be for students to answer a question, the answer to which cannot be found in a textbook.

2007-12-01

181

NEED Project: Primary Science of Energy Infobook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This free infobook provides an overview of energy forms and sources for Grades 2-4, along with hands-on activities, graphics, and classroom presentation materials for teaching an entire unit. Students will first be introduced to energy as a physical science concept before being exposed to sources of energy. Using this sequence can help learners differentiate energy forms (thermal, motion, wave, chemical) from energy sources (fossil fuels, wind, geothermal, hydroelectric). For the companion Student Guide with printable data guides and activities, Science%20of%20Energy%20Student%20Guide.pdf" target="_blank">Primary Science of Energy-Student Guide. The NEED Project is a national initiative to bring innovative curriculum materials in energy education to teachers and learners from the primary grades through college.

2013-04-03

182

[Earth Science Technology Office's Computational Technologies Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This grant supported the effort to characterize the problem domain of the Earth Science Technology Office's Computational Technologies Project, to engage the Beowulf Cluster Computing Community as well as the High Performance Computing Research Community so that we can predict the applicability of said technologies to the scientific community represented by the CT project and formulate long term strategies to provide the computational resources necessary to attain the anticipated scientific objectives of the CT project. Specifically, the goal of the evaluation effort is to use the information gathered over the course of the Round-3 investigations to quantify the trends in scientific expectations, the algorithmic requirements and capabilities of high-performance computers to satisfy this anticipated need.

Fischer, James (Technical Monitor); Merkey, Phillip

2005-01-01

183

2011 Joint Science Education Project: Research Experience in Polar Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Science Education Project (JSEP), sponsored by the National Science Foundation, is a two-part program that brings together students and teachers from the United States, Greenland, and Denmark, for a unique cross-cultural, first-hand experience of the realities of polar science field research in Greenland. During JSEP, students experienced research being conducted on and near the Greenland ice sheet by attending researcher presentations, visiting NSF-funded field sites (including Summit and NEEM field stations, both located on the Greenland ice sheet), and designing and conducting research projects in international teams. The results of two of these projects will be highlighted. The atmospheric project investigated the differences in CO2, UVA, UVB, temperature, and albedo in different Arctic microenvironments, while also examining the interaction between the atmosphere and water present in the given environments. It was found that the carbon dioxide levels varied: glacial environments having the lowest levels, with an average concentration of 272.500 ppm, and non-vegetated, terrestrial environments having the highest, with an average concentration of 395.143 ppm. Following up on these results, it is planned to further investigate the interaction of the water and atmosphere, including water's role in the uptake of carbon dioxide. The ecology project investigated the occurrence of unusual large blooms of Nostoc cyanobacteria in Kangerlussuaq area lakes. The water chemistry of the lakes which contained the cyanobacteria and the lakes that did not were compared. The only noticeable difference was of the lakes' acidity, lakes containing the blooms had an average pH value of 8.58, whereas lakes without the blooms had an average pH value of 6.60. Further investigation of these results is needed to determine whether or not this was a cause or effect of the cyanobacteria blooms. As a next step, it is planned to attempt to grow the blooms to monitor their effects on different common ecosystems within the Kangerlussuaq area.

Wilkening, J.; Ader, V.

2011-12-01

184

Healthy People Library Project: The Science Inside  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With funding from the National Institutes of Health and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the Healthy People Library Project was created "to empower libraries to play an active role in increasing the quality and years of healthy life and eliminating health disparities for all Americans." Part of their work includes the electronic book series "The Science Inside". These books are intended to be used by health educators and members of the general public, and they cover topics like diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and HIV and AIDS. Visitors to the site can click on any book that sounds interesting, and a number of the booklets are also available in Spanish. The site is rounded out by the "Profiles of Healthy Living" section, which offers profiles of people who are making choices that encourage healthy living.

185

Joint Science Education Project: Learning about polar science in Greenland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Science Education Project (JSEP) is a successful summer science and culture opportunity in which students and teachers from the United States, Denmark, and Greenland come together to learn about the research conducted in Greenland and the logistics involved in supporting the research. They conduct experiments first-hand and participate in inquiry-based educational activities alongside scientists and graduate students at a variety of locations in and around Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, and on the top of the ice sheet at Summit Station. The Joint Committee, a high-level forum involving the Greenlandic, Danish and U.S. governments, established the Joint Science Education Project in 2007, as a collaborative diplomatic effort during the International Polar Year to: • Educate and inspire the next generation of polar scientists; • Build strong networks of students and teachers among the three countries; and • Provide an opportunity to practice language and communication skills Since its inception, JSEP has had 82 student and 22 teacher participants and has involved numerous scientists and field researchers. The JSEP format has evolved over the years into its current state, which consists of two field-based subprograms on site in Greenland: the Greenland-led Kangerlussuaq Science Field School and the U.S.-led Arctic Science Education Week. All travel, transportation, accommodations, and meals are provided to the participants at no cost. During the 2013 Kangerlussuaq Science Field School, students and teachers gathered data in a biodiversity study, created and set geo- and EarthCaches, calculated glacial discharge at a melt-water stream and river, examined microbes and tested for chemical differences in a variety of lakes, measured ablation at the edge of the Greenland Ice Sheet, and learned about fossils, plants, animals, minerals and rocks of Greenland. In addition, the students planned and led cultural nights, sharing food, games, stories, and traditions of their states, regions, and countries with one another. A subset of the Field School students continue their polar science exploration by traveling to and experiencing science at the top of the Greenlandic ice sheet, as participants in Arctic Science Education Week. They launched weather balloons, took measurements of reflectivity to learn more about albedo, studied glaciers and ice sheets and created hands-on models to study their flow, shadowed the Summit science technicians on their rounds, practiced taking clean snow samples, examined a back-lit snow pit to observe the differences between seasonal snows and ice formation, and assisted researchers by taking samples from the snow pit for isotope analysis. Lastly, I will share one group multi- and interdisciplinary activity used at JSEP which illustrates how to combine mathematics and science with global studies. As noted in the Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013 initiative: "The challenges facing our planet and our civilization are multidisciplinary and multifaceted, and the mathematical sciences play a central role in the scientific effort to understand and to deal with these challenges." In particular, this group activity uses mathematical modeling and data representation to spark a discussion of civic engagement and to raise awareness that the polar regions are critically important to the global system.

Foshee Reed, Lynn

2014-05-01

186

Collaborative Online Projects for English Language Learners in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes how collaborative online projects (COPs) are used to facilitate science content-area learning for English Learners of Hispanic origin. This is a Mexico-USA partnership project funded by the National Science Foundation. A COP is a 10-week thematic science unit, completely online, and bilingual (Spanish and English) designed to…

Terrazas-Arellanes, Fatima E.; Knox, Carolyn; Rivas, Carmen

2013-01-01

187

Foresight in laryngology and laryngeal surgery: a 2020 vision.  

PubMed

Laryngology and laryngeal surgery have been in the vanguard of minimally invasive human procedural interventions for approximately 150 years. The natural passages through the oral cavity, nose, and pharynx have provided an accessible gateway to the larynx that has allowed for rapid translation of a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic technologies. Transoral and transcervical laryngeal surgery have been further facilitated by progressive advancements in local, topical, intravenous, and general anesthesia. With rapid developments in engineering disciplines (ie, tissue, chemical, mechanical) and voice science, there are a variety of current and near-term opportunities to advance our field. This report represents a panel at the 2005 American Broncho-Esophagological Association meeting that sought to use present perspectives, combined with cutting-edge research insights, to provide foresight into key aspects of laryngology that we believe will be developed by the year 2020. We hope that aspiring laryngeal surgeons will find elements of this discussion valuable for devising a strategic roadmap for research initiatives in laryngology and laryngeal surgery. PMID:17937068

Zeitels, Steven M; Blitzer, Andrew; Hillman, Robert E; Anderson, R Rox

2007-09-01

188

The Need to Explore: Nonexperimental Science Fair Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the sake of grade school entrants in particular, nonexperimental science fair projects should be encouraged and accepted for science fairs. Support for this approach is given along with several suggestions for projects. Guidelines for judging nonexperimental projects are also included. (DH)

McNay, Margaret

1985-01-01

189

Science Fair Projects in Biology, Natural History and Agriculture Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is a bit "old-school" in the best way possible. Crafted by the subject experts at the Library of Congress, this guide profiles print resources for teachers seeking to plan, prepare, and execute science fair projects in biology, natural history, or other related fields. Visitors can look over the Subject Headings to get started and they can also look over topical areas that include Handbooks, Related Titles, and Journals. It's a well curated list that includes links to a range of resources. The Internet area also contains some useful links on Educating about Agriculture and Agriculture in the Classroom.

2014-04-17

190

Nagoya University Photo-Science Nanofactory Project  

SciTech Connect

Nagoya University has a project to construct a new synchrotron light facility, called Photo-Science Nanofactory, to develop a wide range research on basic science, industrial applications, life science and environmental engineering in collaboration with universities, research institutes and industries. The key equipment of the facility is a compact electron storage ring, ''Nagoya University Small Synchrotron Radiation facility (NSSR),'' which is able to supply hard x-rays. The plan of the specifications is as following. The energy of the stored electron beam is 1.2 GeV. The circumference is 62.4 m. Natural emittance is about 60 nmrad. The configuration of the storage ring is considered based on the Triple Bend Achromat with twelve bending magnets. Eight of them are normal conducting magnets. Four of them are 5T superconducting magnets (super-bends). The bending angle is 12 degrees and two or three hard x-ray beam lines can be constructed for each super-bend. The number of beam lines from normal conducting bending magnets is more than 16. In addition, we will install two undulators in straight sections. The electron beam is injected from a booster synchrotron with the energy of 1.2 GeV as full energy injection. A 50 MeV linac is used as an injector to the booster synchrotron. The top-up operation is also planned.

Takashima, Yoshifumi; Yamane, Takashi; Takeda, Yoshikazu; Soda, Kazuo; Yagi, Shinya; Takeuchi, Tsunehiro; Akimoto, Koichi; Sakata, Makoto; Suzuki, Atsuo; Tanaka, Keisuke; Nakamura, Arao; Hori, Masaru; Morita, Shinzo; Mizutani, Uichiro; Kobayakawa, Hisashi [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Seki, Kazuhiko; Yamashita, Koujun [Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Katoh, Masahiro [UVSOR, Institute for Molecular Science, Mydaiji-cho, Okazaki, Aichi, 444-8585 (Japan); Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)

2007-01-19

191

Using the foresight technique to build a long-term scientific and technological forecast for Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the opportunities, risks, and limitations of long-term sci-tech forecasting by the foresight technique.\\u000a Key outcomes of technology foresights conducted in Britain, Germany, and Japan are looked at.

D. R. Belousov; O. G. Solntsev; M. Yu. Khromov

2008-01-01

192

Identification of Effective Key Factors in Success of Information Technology Foresight Using Shannon's Entropy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology foresight determines technology threats and opportunities in environment. According to the importance of foresight in different level and complexity of this study, in this paper, important components and elements of foresight were extracted using content analysis method. Then Shannon's entropy is used to determine the importance degree of each element.

K. A. Shahkooh; A. Vahedian; F. Saghafi; M. Sadeghi

2009-01-01

193

On the R&D Priority Setting in Technology Foresight: a DEA and ANP Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the salient objectives of technology foresight is the determination of R&D priorities. However, there have been few systematic approaches proposed for prioritization of emerging technologies in the foresight context. This study is aimed at proposing a systematic approach based on multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) methods to setting R&D priorities of emerging technologies in the technology foresight context.

Hakyeon Lee; Changyong Lee; Hyeonju Seol

2006-01-01

194

Perceptions of domain experts on impact of foresight on policy making: The case of Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the perceptions of domain experts who participated in foresight activities on the impact on policy making are examined by conducting interviews and surveys on five previous foresights in Japan between 1996 and 2007. The purpose of the study is to examine how domain experts look at the practice of foresight in general, and perceive its overall impact

Tatsuro Yoda

2011-01-01

195

Reducing the democratic deficit in institutional foresight programmes: A case for critical systems thinking in nanotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The democratic deficit (the ‘deficit’ hereafter) in present institutional Foresight (‘Foresight’ hereafter) lies in its participation regime. In this paper practical ways to reduce the deficit are proposed that ought to increase the responsiveness of Foresight programmes to society's values, concerns and expectations. The existence of the deficit is examined placing ever more emphasis on the need for the active

Denis Loveridge; Ozcan Saritas

2009-01-01

196

Thinking scientifically during participation in a citizen-science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A movement has begun recently to involve nonscientists in scientific investigations through projects in which a range of individuals gather data for use by scientists to investigate questions of research importance. These projects are frequently referred to as citizen-science projects, and the benefits are assumed to extend beyond the production of important large databases. Those who argue in support of citizen-science projects assume that participants will increase their understanding about the process of science through this engagement in authentic science, in contrast to traditional, tightly scripted school laboratory investigations. However, very little research on the impact of participating in such projects has been carried out. This article examines the letters written by more than 700 participants in a citizen-science project conducted by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. Of these letters, which were unsolicited and not connected with a formal evaluation, nearly 80% revealed that participants had engaged in thinking processes similar to those that are part of science investigations. We cannot state that participation in a citizen-science project caused this thinking, but we can say that participation provided a forum in which participants engaged in these habits of thought. The letters also raise some issues about some misunderstandings of science that citizen-science projects should strive to address.

Trumbull, Deborah J.; Bonney, Rick; Bascom, Derek; Cabral, Anna

2000-03-01

197

Open Science Project in White Dwarf Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will propose a new way of advancing white dwarf research. Open science is a method of doing research that lets everyone who has something to say about the subject take part in the problem solving process. Already now, the amount of information we gather from observations, theory and modeling is too vast for any one individual to comprehend and turn into knowledge. And the amount of information just keeps growing in the future. A platform that promotes sharing of thoughts and ideas allows us to pool our collective knowledge of white dwarfs and get a clear picture of our research field. It will also make it possible for researchers in fields closely related to ours (AGB stars, planetary nebulae etc.) to join the scientific discourse. In the first stage this project would allow us to summarize what we know and what we don't, and what we should search for next. Later, it could grow into a large collaboration that would have the impact to, for example, suggest instrument requirements for future telescopes to satisfy the needs of the white dwarf community, or propose large surveys. A simple implementation would be a wiki page for collecting knowledge combined with a forum for more extensive discussions. These would be simple and cheap to maintain. A large community effort on the whole would be needed for the project to succeed, but individual workload should stay at a low level.

Vornanen, T.

2013-01-01

198

Science and Engineering Technician Curriculum Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project SET (Science and Engineering for Technicians) developed a series of study guides designed to teach generic science and engineering skills to students interested in becoming technicians. An entire 2-year curriculum is encompassed by these guides, geared for 2-year college students. Described in this final report are the project's rationale,…

Mowery, Donald R.; Wolf, Lawrence J.

199

Innovative Project Activities in Science [From the NSTA Study of Innovative Project Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four projects chosen as innovative project activities in science which exhibited identification of unique or novel problems and creative approaches to their solutions. Projects included a study of fish in Lake Erie, a goat raising project, an analysis of terrestrial plant ecology and soil composition, and a study of marine and wetlands…

Science Teacher, 1975

1975-01-01

200

Electric Current. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on the concept of "electric current" held by 43 elementary school pupils and 2 teachers…

Osborne, Roger

201

Physical Change. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' (N=43) views of physical change associated with boiling, melting,…

Cosgrove, Mark; Osborne, Roger

202

Energy. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on the concept of "energy" held by 52 Form 1 to 6 students. Data were obtained by the…

Stead, Beverley

203

Chemical Change. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 27.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' (N=37) views of chemical change. Data were obtained using the…

Schollum, Brendan

204

General Science [Sahuarita High School Career Curriculum Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit entitled "General Science" is one of a series of instructional guides prepared by teachers for the Sahuarita High School (Arizona) Career Curriculum Project. The package is subtitled "Physical Science in General Science" and consists of sections dealing with mechanics, electricity and light. A list of 41 behavioral objectives is stated…

Christensen, Larry; Lane, Robert

205

Particles. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' thinking regarding their views on particles and particle behavior. Students…

Happs, John

206

Using CAI To Improve Participation and Achievement in Science Research Projects in Middle School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high percentage of students not participating in or completing a science research project has been a recurring problem for science teachers. In this project, three variables influencing the problem are identified: (1) students' failure to engage in an active search for science research topics; (2) inadequate resource materials at the middle…

Price, Suzanne M.

207

8 NOVEMBER 2013 VOL 342 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org696 POLICYFORUM  

E-print Network

science knowledge, to guide technology deployment and adjustments to management, investments, and public- tion requirements, identify vulnerabilities, improve foresight about climate risks and other stressors

208

at the 2011 Arizona Science & Engineering Fair to judge science projects for students in  

E-print Network

at the 2011 Arizona Science & Engineering Fair (AzSEF) to judge science projects for students per team. · Each team is assigned the same projects to judge. Judging Schedule (April 12, 2011) 7 with the projects you have been assigned 10:30 AM ­ Noon OPEN JUDGING: Student interviews and formal judging Noon

Reisslein, Martin

209

Annex 2 Risk Guidance Science Programme Office Project Management  

E-print Network

be seen as a threat to the success of a project because they have a negative impact on cost, schedule plan, risk is considered tradable against known project resources within the management (e.g. cost1 Annex 2 ­ Risk Guidance Science Programme Office Project Management Guidance on Risk Management

210

Biochemistry Research in Thailand: Present Status and Foresight Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here, we present the status of biochemistry in Thai universities in many aspects such as departmental infrastructures, academic staffs, budgets for academic and research affairs, research activities including publications, mapping and directions, and finally foresight and policy prospects. This study provides a linkage of personnel and research activities, and lends further insights into the capability of Thai biochemists in terms

Jerapan Krungkrai; Aran Incharoensakdi; Sumalee Tungpradabkul

2008-01-01

211

Brief Report: Episodic Foresight in Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Episodic foresight (EpF) or, the ability to imagine the future and use such imagination to guide our actions, is an important aspect of cognition that has not yet been explored in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This is despite its proposed links with theory of mind (ToM) and executive function (EF), two areas found to be impaired in…

Hanson, Laura K.; Atance, Cristina M.

2014-01-01

212

Environmental technology foresight: New horizons for technology management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decision-making in corporate technology management and government technology policy is increasingly influenced by the environmental impact of technologies. Technology foresight (TF) and environmental impact assessment (EIA) are analyzed with regard to the roles they can play in developing long-term strategies and policies for reducing the environmental impact of technologies. The methods for TF and EIA are quite well developed, but

Frank Den Hond; Peter Groenewegen

1996-01-01

213

Experiences and Practices of Technology Foresight in the European Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foresight has evolved as a distinct prospective analytical tool: it considers alternative futures of various S&T fields or socio-economic systems by bringing together the representatives of various stakeholder groups, and thus assists the decision-making processes at different levels. In order to avoid the emerging of \\

Attila Havas; Doris Schartinger; Karl Matthias Weber; Matthias Weber

214

Technology foresight: an interim review of the uk exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The UK completed its first technology Foresight (TF) exercise in 1995. As this paper argues, the specific technological conclusions, although certainly significant, were perhaps less interesting than the institutional and political procers invelved—before, during and after the TF exercise. Consequently, although it includes an ovenview of the technological conclusions, this paper also attempts an interim analysis of the overall process

David Elliott

1996-01-01

215

Green technology foresight on automobile technology in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a framework for green technology foresight based on the idea of sustainability and takes the Chinese automobile industry as an example for the analysis of its implementation. First, it applies scenario techniques to identify technology requirements, considering six different visions of the future, especially the ‘circulation society’, the ‘environment-friendly society’ and the ‘equity society’. Delphi techniques are

Guang-fu Liu; Xiao-li Chen; Ralph Riedel; Egon Müller

2011-01-01

216

Enhancing business and technology foresight with electronically mediated scenario process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The study discusses existing scenario methods in business and technology foresight and introduces electronically mediated scenario process in two varieties. The purpose of the study is to discuss the existing practice, position the IDEAS and SAGES methods, and outline their contribution to the state of the art. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper takes the form of a literature study

Kalle Piirainen; Antti Lindqvist

2010-01-01

217

Challenges in transdisciplinary technology foresight: cognition and robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on experiences and reflect on challenges in transdisciplinary technology foresight as exemplified by cognition and robotics research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study was conducted as a broad transdisciplinary process involving users and producers of robot technology solutions as well as scientists and other experts in cognition and robotics. Transdisciplinarity is understood

Birgitte Rasmussen; Per Dannemand Andersen; Allan Skårup Kristensen

2007-01-01

218

Incorporating network perspectives in foresight: a methodological proposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – A particular feature that makes foresight powerful is its capability to learn from past trends to help guide decision-making for future policy. However, in studying both past and future trends, network perspectives are often missing. Since networks are capable of revealing the structure that underpins relationships between stakeholders, key issues and actions in the past, they are powerful

Yanuar Nugroho; Ozcan Saritas

2009-01-01

219

Technological Foresight - Um instrumento para política científica e tecnológica1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este texto tem por objetivo apresentar a abordagem de technological foresight2, crescentemente utilizada em vários países como instrumento para a alocação de fundos públicos de C&T, para definição de priorida- des de pesquisa e para melhorar a articulação das organizações de pes- quisa com as redes de inovação e o setor produtivo. São discutidas suas bases teóricas, suas principais características

MAURO ZACKIEWICZ; SÉRGIO SALLES-FILHO

220

Diversity in Foresight: Insights from the Fostering of Innovation Ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foresight activities have often provided support for priority-setting, networking and consensual vision-building. In this paper, we draw upon complementary evolution- ary perspectives and discuss these objectives from the viewpoint of diversity which may be vital in contexts characterized by technological discontinuities and high uncertainties. We also argue that although the solicitation of weak signals has been widely advocated for use

Totti Könnölä; Ville Brummer; Ahti Salo

2005-01-01

221

FORESIGHT DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION EFFECTIVENESS: LESSONS FROM THE BRAZILIAN EXPERIENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This paper presents the partial results of an empirical study conducted during the development of a Ph.D. thesis, using the case study approach. The research aimed at understanding how a large scale Foresight Study supported by the Brazilian Government was managed and conducted, and how effective this managerial approach was, where implementing the Study's recommendations was concerned. To conduct

Antônio Luís Aulicino; Isak Kruglianskas

222

Diversity in foresight: Insights from the fostering of innovation ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foresight activities have often provided support for objectives such as priority-setting, networking and consensual vision-building. In this paper, we draw upon complementary evolutionary perspectives and discuss these objectives from the viewpoint of diversity which may be vital in contexts characterized by technological discontinuities and high uncertainties. We also argue that although the scanning of weak signals has been widely advocated

Totti Könnölä; Ville Brummer; Ahti Salo

2007-01-01

223

Induced Technological Change in a Limited Foresight Optimization Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The threat of global warming calls for a major transformation of the energy system the coming century. Modeling technological change is an important factor in energy systems modeling. Technological change may be treated as induced by climate policy or as exogenous. We investigate the importance of induced technological change (ITC) in GET-LFL, an iterative optimization model with limited foresight that

Fredrik Hedenus; Christian Azar; Kristian Lindgren

2005-01-01

224

Science projects in renewable energy and energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect

First, the book is written for teachers and other adults who educate children in grades K-12. This allows us to include projects with a variety of levels of difficulty, leaving it to the teacher to adapt them to the appropriate skill level. Second, the book generally focuses on experimental projects that demonstrate the scientific method. We believe that learning the experimental process is most beneficial for students and prepares them for further endeavors in science and for life itself by developing skills in making decisions and solving problems. Although this may appear to limit the book's application to more advanced students and more experienced science teachers, we hope that some of the ideas can be applied to beginning science classes. In addition, we recognize that there are numerous sources of nonexperimental science activities in the field and we hope this book will fill a gap in the available material. Third, we've tried to address the difficulties many teachers face in helping their students get started on science projects. By explaining the process and including extensive suggestions of resources -- both nationally and locally -- we hope to make the science projects more approachable and enjoyable. We hope the book will provide direction for teachers who are new to experimental projects. And finally, in each section of ideas, we've tried to include a broad sampling of projects that cover most of the important concepts related to each technology. Additional topics are listed as one-liners'' following each group of projects.

Not Available

1991-07-01

225

Community petascale project for accelerator science and simulation: Advancing computational science for future accelerators and accelerator technologies  

E-print Network

1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2Accelerator Science and Technology (AST) project produced aproject’s enabling computer science activities in the area of component technologies,

Spentzouris, Panagiotis

2008-01-01

226

Master of Science project in computational material physics  

E-print Network

Master of Science project in computational material physics (posted 2013-05-13) Plasmarons in computational material science. You have taken the courses in Quantum physics, Solid state physics and Statistical physic and have some experience in computational physics. Contact Bo Hellsing, room 3036, third

Hellsing, Bo

227

Science Meta-Analysis Project: Volume I. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Foundation funded a project to: (1) identify major areas of science education research in which sufficient studies have been conducted to permit useful generalizations for educational practice; (2) conduct meta-analyses of each of these areas; and (3) prepare a compendium of these meta-analyses along with interpretative and…

Anderson, Ronald D.; And Others

228

Non-Traditional Characteristics of a Successful Science Fair Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science fairs offer students the opportunity to develop skills in inquiry, writing research proposals, working with peers, verifying results, and sharing experimental findings. However, the science fair itself does not necessarily translate into a student's attainment of such skills. Project quality and a student's successful achievement of good…

Sumrall, William; Schillinger, Don

2004-01-01

229

Critters: K-6 Life Science Activities. Project AIMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project AIMS (Activities to Integrate Mathematics and Science) has as its purpose the integration of subject matter in grades K-9. Field testing of the curriculum materials produced by AIMS indicates that this integration produces the following beneficial results: (1) mathematics becomes more meaningful, hence more useful; (2) science is…

Allen, Maureen Murphy; And Others

230

Connecting Mathematics in Primary Science Inquiry Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science as inquiry and mathematics as problem solving are conjoined fraternal twins attached by their similarities but with distinct differences. Inquiry and problem solving are promoted in contemporary science and mathematics education reforms as a critical attribute of the nature of disciplines, teaching methods, and learning outcomes involving…

So, Winnie Wing-mui

2013-01-01

231

MOT Applied Research Projects Where science, technology, and business meet  

E-print Network

-reasoned briefing paper (presentation optional). #12;Business Plan Through comprehensive analysis of the genetic alternatives using the supplier's decision-making criteria. From the analysis, several business- and marketMOT Applied Research Projects Where science, technology, and business meet Project Details

232

Prospective Science Teachers' Conceptualizations about Project Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project-based learning (PBL) consisting projects that integrate science, technology, society, history, mathematics, politics and even arts serves a productive discussion opportunity for students, fosters a student-directed inquiry of real world problems, gives them the excitement of learning and seen to be an effective teaching strategy.…

Turgut, Halil

2008-01-01

233

A national science foundation supported undergraduate CSMET research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a program at Texas A&M University B Corpus Christi which seeks to involve a substantial number of undergraduate students in active research. This program receives funding from the National Science Foundation, grant number DUE-0094898. Students receive a small stipend in return for participating in one of several multidisciplinary projects. Projects include funded and unfunded research conducted by

R. Stephen Dannelly; Carl W. Steidley

2002-01-01

234

EEE project: Science in the schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EEE (extreme energy event) project will study extensive air showers through the detection of the muon component by means of a network of tracking detectors, installed inside high schools distributed all over Italy. Project's aim is to involve teachers and students in a frontier cosmic ray experiment, as well. The EEE telescope is based on a large but simplified

M. Abbrescia; S. An; A. Badala; R. B. Ferroli; G. Bencivenni; F. Blanco; E. Bressan; A. Chiavassa; C. Chiri; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; E. Coccia; S. De Pasquale; M. D'Incecco; F. L. Fabbri; V. Frolov; M. Garbini; C. Gustavino; D. Hatzifotiadou; G. Imponente; J. Kim; P. La Rocca; F. Librizzi; A. Maggiora; H. Menghetti; S. Miozzi; R. Moro; M. Panareo; G. S. Pappalardo; G. Piragino; F. Riggi; F. Romano; G. Sartorelli; C. Sbarra; M. Selvi; S. Serci; C. Williams; A. Zichichi; R. Zuyenski

2007-01-01

235

Meeting the Challenge of Science Literacy: Project 2061 Efforts to Improve Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modern understanding of the cell and its functions has been translated into learning goals for K-12 students by Project 2061's "Benchmarks for Science Literacy" and by the National Research Council's "National Science Education Standards" ("NSES"). Nearly every state has used these national documents to develop their own science standards, so…

Koppal, Mary; Caldwell, Ann

2004-01-01

236

Informal science educators network project Association of Science-Technology Centers Incorporated. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Funding from the Department of Energy and the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science Project have helped the Association of Science-technology Centers Incorporated (ASTC) to establish and sustain an on-line community of informal science educators nationwide. The Project, called the Informal Science Educators Network Project (ISEN), is composed primarily of informal science educators and exhibit developers from science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, parks, and nature centers. Although museum-based professionals represent the majority of subscribers to ISEN, also involved are some classroom teachers and teacher educators from colleges and universities. Common to all ISEN participants is a commitment to school and science education reform. Specifically, funding from the Department of Energy helped to boot strap the effort, providing Barrier Reduction Vouchers to 123 educators that enabled them participate in ISEN. Among the major accomplishments of the Project are these: (1) assistance to 123 informal science educators to attend Internet training sessions held in connection with the Project and/or purchase hardware and software that linked them to the Internet; (2) Internet training for 153 informal science educators; (3) development of a listserv which currently has over 180 subscribers--an all-time high; (4) opportunity to participate in four web chats involving informal science educators with noted researchers; (5) development of two sites on the World Wide Web linking informal science educators to Internet resources; (6) creation of an on-line collection of over 40 articles related to inquiry-based teaching and science education reform. In order to continue the momentum of the Project, ASTC has requested from the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science project a no/cost extension through December 1997.

NONE

1997-05-09

237

Internet Public Library: Science Fair Project Resource Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Fair Project Resource Guide is a special collection of resources from the Internet Public Library that provides assistance for students who wish to develop a science fair project. The guide provides links to online resources in four topic areas: how to get started, choosing a topic, completing the project, and how to write a report and prepare a display. There are also sets of resouces on the scientific method, arriving at a research question and creating a hypothesis, and how to conduct an experiment. Each individual resource is accompanied by a link to the appropriate website and a brief description of its content.

238

Space life sciences: Programs and projects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA space life science activities are outlined. Brief, general descriptions are given of research in the areas of biomedical research, space biology, closed loop life support systems, exobiology, and biospherics.

1989-01-01

239

Projection methods in quantum information science  

E-print Network

Jul 24, 2014 ... the constraints makes projection based algorithms very appealing when the number ... We provide emperical evidence to this effect. .... The salient point here is that for MAP and DR to be effective in practice, the nearest point.

2014-07-24

240

E-collaboration tool for technology foresight exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our multiparadigm software toolset (consisting of BATEV, DEBATER and CyberDELPHI software tools) enables a holistic forecasting exercise, combining some good aspects of various foresight paradigms, based on both panel activities (scenarios, recommendations, policy proposals, etc.) and a large scale e-collaboration among wide expert base. The e-collaboration encompasses “via-net” Delphi survey and software mediation and facilitation, based upon intelligent group decision

Sanja Vranes; Branislav Opacic; Francesco Pizzio

2001-01-01

241

The over-optimism among experts in assessment and foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is still disputed whether foresight exercises should be based on top-expert assessments or on a broader base of less specialised experts, and whether the self-rating of experts is an acceptable method. Using the German 1993 and the Austrian 1998 Technology Delphis, this study addresses both questions. Self-rating is, in fact, an appropriate method for selecting experts. But the assessment

Gunther Tichy

2004-01-01

242

National School Science Safety Indexing Project: A Beginning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There is extensive agreement within the science profession that the "hands-on, minds-on" approach to teaching and learning described within the National Science Education Standards creates a more effective learning environment. However, inquiry poses serious safety challenges for teachers and students in poorly equipped or maintained facilities and where safety training is deficient or nonexistent. The authors have designed a three-year study--the National School Science Safety Indexing Project--to develop a science safety indexing system to evaluate facilities and safety practices.

Wazlaw, Brian; Mcelroy, Dennis; Gerlovich, Jack A.; Parsa, Rahul

2005-09-01

243

Science Base and Tools for Evaluating Stream Restoration Project Proposals.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stream restoration, stabilization, or enhancement projects typically employ site-specific designs and site- scale habitat improvement projects have become the default solution to many habitat problems and constraints. Such projects are often planned and implemented without thorough consideration of the broader scale problems that may be contributing to habitat degradation, attention to project resiliency to flood events, accounting for possible changes in climate or watershed land use, or ensuring the long term sustainability of the project. To address these issues, NOAA Fisheries and USFWS have collaboratively commissioned research to develop a science document and accompanying tools to support more consistent and comprehensive review of stream management and restoration projects proposals by Service staff responsible for permitting. The science document synthesizes the body of knowledge in fluvial geomorphology and presents it in a way that is accessible to the Services staff biologists, who are not trained experts in this field. Accompanying the science document are two electronic tools: a Project Information Checklist to assist in evaluating whether a proposal includes all the information necessary to allow critical and thorough project evaluation; and a Project Evaluation Tool (in flow chart format) that guides reviewers through the steps necessary to critically evaluate the quality of the information submitted, the goals and objectives of the project, project planning and development, project design, geomorphic-habitat-species relevance, and risks to listed species. Materials for training Services staff and others in the efficient use of the science document and tools have also been developed. The longer term goals of this effort include: enabling consistent and comprehensive reviews that are completed in a timely fashion by regulators; facilitating improved project planning and design by proponents; encouraging projects that are attuned to their watershed and geomorphic contexts; questioning perceived constraints on project design; reducing the use of hard structures and encouraging deformability; promoting designs that address both risk and uncertainty in applying engineering design standards; allowing for future climate and land use changes; and encouraging post-project monitoring, appraisal and project aftercare.

Cluer, B.; Thorne, C.; Skidmore, P.; Castro, J.; Pess, G.; Beechie, T.; Shea, C.

2008-12-01

244

Finding Funding for Science and Engineering Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With many funding schemes around, a teacher needs to choose the one that suits the type of project he/she wants to do. Look carefully at the eligibility and judging criteria as this is what the applications will be assessed on. All the schemes mentioned here are open to primary schools, but some may need to involve other people as well. Some…

Helme, Anne

2012-01-01

245

WEPS and WEPP Science Commonality Project1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) has two independently developed, daily time step, process-based erosion models, one targeted for wind erosion (WEPS - Wind Erosion Prediction System) and one targeted for water erosion (WEPP - Water Erosion Prediction Project). The models currently share little source code or soil, plant, management and climate databases but do simulate

F. A. Fox; D. C. Flanagan; L. E. Wagner; L. Deer-Ascough

246

Science at the Seashore. Project Impact.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials were developed for use at the Ocean Institute at Sandy Hook Park in New Jersey. They are used by the students in Brookdale College's Project Impact, an early intervention program for sixth- and seventh- grade students. These activities are designed to help students learn more about the history, geology, biology, and career…

Grant, David; Draxler, Susan

247

The Human Genome Project: big science transforms biology and medicine  

PubMed Central

The Human Genome Project has transformed biology through its integrated big science approach to deciphering a reference human genome sequence along with the complete sequences of key model organisms. The project exemplifies the power, necessity and success of large, integrated, cross-disciplinary efforts - so-called ‘big science’ - directed towards complex major objectives. In this article, we discuss the ways in which this ambitious endeavor led to the development of novel technologies and analytical tools, and how it brought the expertise of engineers, computer scientists and mathematicians together with biologists. It established an open approach to data sharing and open-source software, thereby making the data resulting from the project accessible to all. The genome sequences of microbes, plants and animals have revolutionized many fields of science, including microbiology, virology, infectious disease and plant biology. Moreover, deeper knowledge of human sequence variation has begun to alter the practice of medicine. The Human Genome Project has inspired subsequent large-scale data acquisition initiatives such as the International HapMap Project, 1000 Genomes, and The Cancer Genome Atlas, as well as the recently announced Human Brain Project and the emerging Human Proteome Project. PMID:24040834

2013-01-01

248

NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NPP Instruments are: (1) well understood thanks to instrument comprehensive test, characterization and calibration programs. (2) Government team ready for October 25 launch followed by instrument activation and Intensive Calibration/Validation (ICV). NPP Data Products preliminary work includes: (1) JPSS Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR) team ready to support NPP ICV and operational data products. (2) NASA NPP science team ready to support NPP ICV and EOS data continuity.

Butler, James J.

2011-01-01

249

The EFMN is financed by the European Commission Directorate General for Research as part of a series of initiatives intended to provide a Foresight Knowledge Sharing Platform for foresight practitioners and policy makers in the European Union. More  

E-print Network

on the efforts required to develop and promote technological and structural solutions that can minimize Network Green Technological Foresight on Environmentally Friendly Agriculture 2024 Foresight Brief No. 13 and Nature Agency, Ministry of the Environment Type: A national foresight exercise focusing on technologies

250

Project Water Science. General Science High School Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide presents 12 hands-on laboratory activities for high school science classes that cover the environmental issue of water resources in California. The activities are separated into three sections. Five activities in the section on water quality address the topics of groundwater, water hardness, bottled water, water purity, and…

Water Education Foundation, Sacramento, CA.

251

Student perspectives on mentoring in a science outreach project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is an examination of mentorship relationships developed as a result of six students’ participation in a local community science centre sponsored through an NSERC\\/CRYSTAL project. Each year, a number of students participate in after?school activities sponsored by the community science centre. Much of this work involves a one?to?one approach, with a middle years or high

Leo MacDonald; Ann Sherman

2007-01-01

252

ES EPO Seeks SS EPO for Mutual Benefit: Earth Science Outreach Projects Seek Space Science Partners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the recent transformation, NASA has reunited the Earth and Space Science groups into a unified Science Mission Directorate. Our team has developed and operates several Earth Science Education and Public Outreach projects through the former NASA Earth Science Enterprise. Starting in 1997, we developed the Students' Cloud Observations On-Line (S'COOL; http://scool.larc.nasa.gov) project, as a way to involve K-12 students in scientifically useful data collection and analysis for the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES), a high priority instrument in the Earth Observing System. Recently, we initiated the MY NASA DATA project (http://mynasadata.larc.nasa.gov) to help overcome the barriers for use of real data, particularly relating to atmospheric science, in the K-12 classroom. In the process of interacting with students and teachers through these projects, we quickly learned that they consider Space Science to go hand in hand with Earth Science in the educational setting. In the S'COOL Project, we regularly field student questions relating to Space Science topics - so far in 2005, they amount to about one in ten of the questions we have received. In the MY NASA DATA project, when showing teachers how to explore scientific data about the Earth, we regularly hear "How can I get this kind of data for Mars?" or "Can I get this kind of information about other Planets?". To date, we have responded to these queries by linking or pointing people to other websites. With the continued development of the MY NASA DATA project, we are now seeking a more active connection to the Space Science EPO community, to benefit both our K-12 audience and yours. One of the prime audiences for MY NASA DATA is teachers and students in Middle or High School Earth Science classes. Besides Meteorology, this class also covers Geology and Oceanography. NASA Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAAC), of which our Atmospheric Science Data Center is one, hold data on those topics that we hope to make available using emerging client/server tools. But the K-12 Earth Science course also includes Astronomy, in which links to the Space Science community can be made for mutual benefit. This paper will provide further details on our existing Earth Science projects, highlighting areas where connections to Space Science Education are possible or needed.

Chambers, L. H.; Phelps, C. S.; Alston, E. J.; Costulis, P. K.; Moore, S. W.; Sepulveda, R.; Oots, P. C.

2005-05-01

253

Collaborative online projects for English language learners in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarizes how collaborative online projects (COPs) are used to facilitate science content-area learning for English Learners of Hispanic origin. This is a Mexico-USA partnership project funded by the National Science Foundation. A COP is a 10-week thematic science unit, completely online, and bilingual (Spanish and English) designed to provide collaborative learning experiences with culturally and linguistically relevant science instruction in an interactive and multimodal learning environment. Units are integrated with explicit instructional lessons that include: (a) hands-on and laboratory activities, (b) interactive materials and interactive games with immediate feedback, (c) animated video tutorials, (d) discussion forums where students exchange scientific learning across classrooms in the USA and in Mexico, and (e) summative and formative assessments. Thematic units have been aligned to U.S. National Science Education Standards and are under current revisions for alignment to the Common Core State Standards. Training materials for the teachers have been integrated into the project website to facilitate self-paced and independent learning. Preliminary findings of our pre-experimental study with a sample of 53 students (81 % ELs), distributed across three different groups, resulted in a 21 % statistically significant points increase from pretest to posttest assessments of science content learning, t( 52) = 11.07, p = .000.

Terrazas-Arellanes, Fatima E.; Knox, Carolyn; Rivas, Carmen

2013-12-01

254

An Earth Science Scrapbook Project as an Alternative Assessment Tool  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Scrapbooking is a popular hobby and as such, has found its way into educational settings, primarily in middle and elementary school levels. This article describes a scrapbook project that is used both as a means of demonstrating the connections between geology and students daily lives and as an alternative form of assessment. The project was developed for an introductory Earth Science class for middle school and high school pre-service teachers.

2004-01-01

255

Information Pathways for the Competence Foresight Mechanism in Talent Management Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the research and literature through the development of the theme of competence foresight. In addition, the aim is to construct information pathways for the foresight mechanism, for the use of practitioners, to enable them to manage talent and competences with an anticipatory perspective.…

Siikaniemi, Lena

2012-01-01

256

Vision 2023: Turkey's national Technology Foresight Program: A contextualist analysis and discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Likewise many other developed and developing countries, a national Technology Foresight Program was carried out in Turkey under the name of Vision 2023. This paper analyzes and discusses the Vision 2023 Technology Foresight Program from a contextualist perspective. The contextualist perspective suggests relationships between the context, content and process of change; and thus proposes that any change activity should be

Ozcan Saritas; Erol Taymaz; Turgut Tumer

2007-01-01

257

Priority Setting of Future Technology Area Based on Korean Technology Foresight Exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

KISTEP (Korea Institute of Sci. & Tech. Evaluation and Planning) has conducted national technology foresight from 2003 to 2004 and its results have been reported to National Sci & Council in May of 2005. In the foresight exercise, the prospect of future Korean society up to Year 2030 was developed. Then, future demands and needs based on the prospects were

Seok-Ho Son; Sea-Hong Oh; Hee-yol Yu

2006-01-01

258

Research on emerging technology selection and assessment by technology foresight and fuzzy consistent matrix  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a new hybrid approach based on technology foresight and a fuzzy consistent matrix to select and assess emerging technologies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Through introducing technology foresight into emerging technology selection and assessment, an industrialization potential assessment indexes system of emerging technologies is constructed, and general procedures to assess the industrialization potential

Huang Lucheng; Li Xin; Lu Wenguang

2010-01-01

259

Linking Technology Foresight and Regional Innovation Activities: Network Facilitating Innovation Policy in Lahti Region, Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

During recent years a growing body of literature has been published on regional innovation systems and regional foresight activities. However, not so much attention has been paid on modelling the connection between these two areas of research. This article proposes a model on how to use results of regional technology foresight in generating practical innovation processes in a region with

Tuomo Uotila; Toni Ahlqvist

2008-01-01

260

Refining the debate on GM crops using technological foresight—the Danish experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid developments in and the controversial nature of biotechnology call for communication, networks, partnerships, and collaboration in research, not just among researchers, but also between researchers and research “users” in industry, government, and elsewhere. Technological foresight appears to offer a coordinating method for developing and strengthening those linkages. To test this, a technological foresight study was performed on genetically modified

Kristian Borch; Birgitte Rasmussen

2005-01-01

261

Deliberating and communicating the potential of fusion power based on long-term foresight knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim of this contribution is to provide guidance (in terms of quality criteria) for setting up foresight exercises as a platform for discussion and communication of the benefits and drawbacks of fusion with a broad range of stakeholders. At the same time, we explore conditions that might enhance the resonance of such foresight exercises in the policy sphere.

Erik Laes; Gunter Bombaerts

2007-01-01

262

Video: Animals; Electric Current; Force; Science Activities. Learning in Science Project. Working Papers 51-54.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers to be used in conjunction with video-tapes developed by the Learning in Science Project are presented. Topic areas of the papers focus on: (1) animals; (2) electric current; (3) force; and (4) science activities. The first paper presents transcripts of class discussions focusing on the scientific meaning of the word animal. The second…

Bell, Beverley; And Others

263

Science Seminar: Science Capstone Research Projects as a Class in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inquiry-based, student-lead research may be a pinnacle of high school science education, and the implementation of inquiry themes at all grades is of profound importance. At The Beacon High School in New York City, all seniors, regardless of their scientific proclivity or interest, completed original science research projects as a graduation…

Schwebach, J. Reid

2008-01-01

264

The Effect of Environmental Science Projects on Students' Environmental Knowledge and Science Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study explores the effectiveness of involving students in environmental science projects for their environmental knowledge and attitudes towards science. The study design is a quasi-experimental pre-post control group design. The sample was 62 11th-grade female students studying at a public school in Oman. The sample was divided into…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Al-Aamri, Shamsa S.

2014-01-01

265

Science Fair Scene: How to Conduct a Science-Fair Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advice on how to transform a practical idea into a first-class science fair project is provided. How to do scientific research, what to include in a science fair report, how to pick a topic, when to begin, writing the report, and making the display are topics of discussion. (KR)

McQueen, David R.

1991-01-01

266

Social and Behavioral Sciences: Report of the Project 2061 Phase I Social and Behavioral Sciences Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of five panel reports that have been prepared as part of the first phase of Project 2061, a long-term, multipurpose undertaking of the American Association for the Advancement of Science designed to help reform science, mathematics, and technology education in the United States. Major sections included are: (1) "Orienting Concepts"…

Appley, Mortimer H.; Maher, Winifred B.

267

The Scilink Project: Linking Science Classrooms for Cooperative Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a pilot program designed to develop communication links between local science classrooms. The effects of the use of Sci-Link will be investigated. The proposed Sci-Link projects are described including stream acidity, raindrop size, rocket payloads, gypsy moth populations, and home energy use. (KR)

Morford, Gary

1990-01-01

268

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences 2012 SNSFFunded Individual Projects  

E-print Network

on Cardiovascular Response 400'000 01.04.2012 36 Grandjean Didier Functional specialization and integrationFaculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences 2012 SNSFFunded Individual Projects Responsible bias, emotion recognition and emotion regulation 364'146 01.01.2013 36 Falomir Pichastor Juan Manuel

Loewith, Robbie

269

SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE PROJECT Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

of Naval Research. #12;SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE Semiannual Technical Report Department of Computer of the Department of Defense Monitored by the Office of Naval Research #12;SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE DepartmentSUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE PROJECT Department of Computer Science California Institute

270

Manufacturing. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Smith, Kenneth L., Ed.

271

Forest Services: World of Work Project: Fifth Grade: Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is one of the teaching units developed by the Utah World of Work Project, designed to integrate career awareness into the regular curriculum at the elementary level. The fifth grade guide is tied to the science area and focuses on conservation as practiced by Forest Service workers; the growth cycle of forests and the management of…

Utah State Board for Vocational Education, Salt Lake City.

272

Thinking Scientifically during Participation in a Citizen-Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines letters written by more than 700 participants in a citizen-science project conducted by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. Finds that nearly eighty percent of the letters, which were unsolicited and not connected with a formal evaluation, revealed that participants had engaged in thinking processes similar to those that are part of…

Trumbull, Deborah J.; Bonney, Rick; Bascom, Derek; Cabral, Anna

2000-01-01

273

Examining Perceptions of the Science Fair Project: Content or Process?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses student research, information literacy and research skills, and the role of inquiry in the research process. Presents a case study of a middle school science fair project that examined what students should accomplish in their research and what the role of stakeholders is, including teachers, parents, and school library media specialists.…

Watson, Jinx Stapleton

2003-01-01

274

Communications. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Smith, Kenneth L., Ed.

275

Transportation. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Smith, Kenneth L., Ed.

276

MeerKAT Key Project Science, Specifications, and Proposals  

E-print Network

We present the specifications of the MeerKAT Karoo Array Telescope, the South African Square Kilometre Array Precursor. Some of the key science for MeerKAT is described in this document. We invite the community to submit proposals for Large Key Projects.

Booth, R S; Jonas, J L; Fanaroff, B

2009-01-01

277

Paper for the International Conference: Foresight Management in Corporations and Public Organisations New Visions for Sustainability, Helsinki, June 9-10, 2005  

E-print Network

for foresight - A suggestion of a framework of principles Mads Borup Technology Scenarios Research Programme to foresight. There are exceptions from this, for example the `green technology foresights', however when onePaper for the International Conference: Foresight Management in Corporations and Public

278

Project definition study for research facility access and science education  

SciTech Connect

This UTA/SMU project definition study describes critical customer services and research programs which draw upon SSC assets to meet regional needs in two major components: Science Education; Academic/Small Business R and D Facility Access. The location of the SSC in Texas constituted a significant stimulus to R and D activities in Texas, encouraging new initiatives in high energy physics, as well as stimulating other areas of physics and related sciences. An important aspect of maximizing the utility of the investment in the SSC should be to re-allocate SSC assets in ways that maintain that momentum. This study addresses several ways to achieve that end, extending benefits to all of physics, the sciences in general and particularly, to science education.

Rosen, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States). Coll. of Science; Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Physics Dept.

1994-10-01

279

Project BudBurst: Citizen Science for All Seasons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Providing opportunities for individuals to contribute to a better understanding of climate change is the hallmark of Project BudBurst (www.budburst.org). This highly successful, national citizen science program, now in its second year, is bringing climate change education outreach to thousands of individuals. Project BudBurst is a national citizen science initiative designed to engage the public in observations of phenological (plant life cycle) events that raise awareness of climate change, and create a cadre of informed citizen scientists. Citizen science programs such as Project BudBurst provide the opportunity for students and interested laypersons to actively participate in scientific research. Such programs are important not only from an educational perspective, but because they also enable scientists to broaden the geographic and temporal scale of their observations. The goals of Project BudBurst are to 1) increase awareness of phenology as an area of scientific study; 2) Increase awareness of the impacts of changing climates on plants; and 3) increase science literacy by engaging participants in the scientific process. From its 2008 launch in February, this on-line educational and data-entry program, engaged participants of all ages and walks of life in recording the timing of the leafing and flowering of wild and cultivated species found across the continent. Thus far, participants from 49 states have submitted data that is being submitted to the USA National Phenology Network (www.usanpn.org) database. Project BudBurst has been the subject of almost 200 media outlets including NPR, national and regional television broadcasts, and most of the major national and regional newspapers. This presentation will provide an overview of Project Budburst and will report on the results of the 2008 field campaign and discuss plans to expand Project BudBurst in 2009. Project BudBurst is a Windows to the Universe Citizen Science program managed by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, the Chicago Botanic Garden, University of Montana in collaboration with the USA -National Phenology Network and with financial support from U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Geological Survey, NEON, and the Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

Meymaris, K.; Henderson, S.; Alaback, P.; Havens, K.

2008-12-01

280

GEWEX America Prediction Project (GAPP) Science and Implementation Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this Science and Implementation Plan is to describe GAPP science objectives and the activities required to meet these objectives, both specifically for the near-term and more generally for the longer-term. The GEWEX Americas Prediction Project (GAPP) is part of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) initiative that is aimed at observing, understanding and modeling the hydrological cycle and energy fluxes at various time and spatial scales. The mission of GAPP is to demonstrate skill in predicting changes in water resources over intraseasonal-to-interannual time scales, as an integral part of the climate system.

2004-01-01

281

The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War  

SciTech Connect

The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War'' is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details of the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

Gosling, F.G.

1990-08-01

282

Urban schools' teachers enacting project-based science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What teaching practices foster inquiry and promote students to learn challenging subject matter in urban schools? Inquiry-based instruction and successful inquiry learning and teaching in project-based science (PBS) were described in previous studies (Brown & Campione, [1990]; Crawford, [1999]; Krajcik, Blumenfeld, Marx, Bass, & Fredricks, [1998]; Krajcik, Blumenfeld, Marx, & Solloway, [1994]; Minstrell & van Zee, [2000]). In this article, we describe the characteristics of inquiry teaching practices that promote student learning in urban schools. Teaching is a major factor that affects both achievement of and attitude of students toward science (Tamir, [1998]). Our involvement in reform in a large urban district includes the development of suitable learning materials and providing continuous and practiced-based professional development (Fishman & Davis, in press; van Es, Reiser, Matese, & Gomez, [2002]). Urban schools face particular challenges when enacting inquiry-based teaching practices like those espoused in PBS. In this article, we describe two case studies of urban teachers whose students achieved high gains on pre- and posttests and who demonstrated a great deal of preparedness and commitment to their students. Teachers' attempts to help their students to perform well are described and analyzed. The teachers we discuss work in a school district that strives to bring about reform in mathematics and science through systemic reform. The Center for Learning Technologies in Urban Schools (LeTUS) collaborates with the Detroit Public Schools to bring about reform in middle-school science. Through this collaboration, diverse populations of urban-school students learn science through inquiry-oriented projects and the use of various educational learning technologies. For inquiry-based science to succeed in urban schools, teachers must play an important role in enacting the curriculum while addressing the unique needs of students. The aim of this article is to describe patterns of good science teaching in urban school.

Tal, Tali; Krajcik, Joseph S.; Blumenfeld, Phyllis C.

2006-09-01

283

ALICE: Project Overview and High Level Science Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the status of the ALICE project (Archival Legacy Investigation of Circumstellar Environments), which consists in a consistent reanalysis of the entire HST-NICMOS coronagraphic archive. Over the last two years, we have developed a sophisticated pipeline able to handle the data of the 400 stars of the archive. This pipeline builds on the Karhunen-Loeve Image Projection (KLIP) algorithm, and was completed in the fall of 2014. We discuss the first processing and analysis results of the overall reduction campaign. As we will deliver high-level science products to the STScI MAST archive, we are defining a new standard format for high-contrast science products, which will be compatible with every new high-contrast imaging instrument (GPI, SPHERE, P1640, CHARIS, etc.) and used by the JWST coronagraphs. We present here the specifications of this standard.

Soummer, Remi; Choquet, Elodie; Pueyo, Laurent; Brendan Hagan, J.; Gofas-Salas, Elena; Rajan, Abhijith; Perrin, Marshall D.; Chen, Christine; Debes, John H.; Golimowski, David A.; Hines, Dean C.; Schneider, Glenn; N'Diaye, Mamadou; Mawet, Dimitri; Marois, Christian; Barman, Travis

2015-01-01

284

Munsell Color Science Laboratory's Newsletter hr ma neThe ZZCC  

E-print Network

of the MCSL, Dr. Franc Grum. MCSL dedicated this lab as a reminder of Franc's foresight, hard work and the first R.S. Hunter Professor of Color Science, Appearance, and Technology, Franc was responsible's mission, this facility was created in dedication and celebration of his foresight, hard work

Zanibbi, Richard

285

Science Sampler: Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Goldstone Apple Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) project involved thousands of student scientists across the nation in the collection and analysis of astronomical data using a 34-meter radio telescope. These students contributed to the work of the world's foremost authorities on space science when they forwarded their information to NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) scientists. The JPL scientists used the information to expand their studies of Jupiter, Uranus, and variable quasars.

Dave MacLaren

2003-05-01

286

Wei Yen, Loo G0806785 page 1/1 MW5200 MSC SCIENCE COMMUNICATION PROJECT  

E-print Network

Wei Yen, Loo G0806785 page 1/1 MW5200 MSC SCIENCE COMMUNICATION PROJECT Project Report Does the present usage of Web 2.0 Tools aid in the communication of Secondary School Science? Course: MSc (Science Communication) Faculty of Science National University of Singapore Name: Loo Wei Yen Student ID: G0806785

Aslaksen, Helmer

287

"Saturday Night Live" Goes to High School: Conducting and Advising a Political Science Fair Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses a case study to illustrate how science fair projects--which traditionally focus on "hard science" topics--can contribute to political science education. One of the authors, a high school student, conducted an experimental study of politics for her science fair project. The other author, a faculty member, was asked to advise the…

Allen, Meg; Brewer, Paul R.

2010-01-01

288

Bringing Science into Schools through Astronomy. Project ASTRO, Tucson  

E-print Network

We report our experience in bringing science into US and French classrooms. We participated in the US scientific educational program Project ASTRO. It is based on a partnership between a school teacher and an astronomer. They together design and realize simple and interesting scientific activities for the children to learn and enjoy science. We present four hands-on activities we realized in a 4th-grade class (10 yr-old kids) in Tucson (USA) in 2002-2003. Among the covered topics were: the Solar System, the Sun (helioseismology) and the Galaxies. We also present a similar experience done in two classrooms in 2005, in Chatenay-Malabry (France) in partnership with an amateur astronomy association (Aphelie). This is a pleasant and rewarding activity, extremely well appreciated by the children and the school teachers. It furthermore promotes already at a young age the excitement of science, and provides concrete examples of the scientific methodology.

Caroline Barban; Herve Dole

2005-08-19

289

From science fair to project-based science: A study of the implementation of an innovation through an existing activity system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation process is critical to the success of educational innovations. Project-based science is an innovation designed to support students' science learning. Science fair is a pervasive school practice in which students exhibit science projects. Little is known about how science fair may affect the implementation of reform efforts in science education. This study explores the relationship of science fair

Lisa Jean Walker

2003-01-01

290

[Earth and Space Sciences Project Services for NASA HPCC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This grant supported the effort to characterize the problem domain of the Earth Science Technology Office's Computational Technologies Project, to engage the Beowulf Cluster Computing Community as well as the High Performance Computing Research Community so that we can predict the applicability of said technologies to the scientific community represented by the CT project and formulate long term strategies to provide the computational resources necessary to attain the anticipated scientific objectives of the CT project. Specifically, the goal of the evaluation effort is to use the information gathered over the course of the Round-3 investigations to quantify the trends in scientific expectations, the algorithmic requirements and capabilities of high-performance computers to satisfy this anticipated need.

Merkey, Phillip

2002-01-01

291

In Science 291: 987-988, February 9 2001 [Letters]. The Real Power of Artificial Markets  

E-print Network

., p. 2014 and 29 Sept., p. 2260). At the Foresight Exchange (FX) Web site (http://www. ideosphere.nj.nec.com. C. Lee Giles School of Information Sciences and Technology and Department of Computer Science

Giles, C. Lee

292

Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration funded project, Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities has been in operation since July, 1995. This project operated as a collaboration with Massachusetts Corporation for Educational Telecommunications, the Federal Aviation Administration, Bridgewater State College and four targeted "core sites" in the greater Boston area. In its first and second years, a video series on aeronautics and aviation science was developed and broadcast via "live, interactive" satellite feed. Accompanying teacher and student supplementary instructional materials for grades 6-9 were produced and disseminated by the Massachusetts Corporation for Educational Telecommunications (MCET). In the MCET grant application it states that project Take Off! in its initial phase would recruit and train teachers at "core" sites in the greater Boston area, as well as opening participation to other on-line users of MCET's satellite feeds. "Core site" classrooms would become equipped so that teachers and students might become engaged in an interactive format which aimed at not only involving the students during the "live" broadcast of the instructional video series, but which would encourage participation in electronic information gathering and sharing among participants. As a Take Off! project goal, four schools with a higher than average proportion of minority and underrepresented youth were invited to become involved with the project to give these students the opportunity to consider career exploration and development in the field of science aviation and aeronautics. The four sites chosen to participate in this project were: East Boston High School, Dorchester High School, Randolph Junior-Senior High School and Malden High School. In year 3 Dorchester was unable to continue to fully participate and exited out. Danvers was added to the "core site" list in year 3. In consideration of Goals 2000, the National Science Foundation standards for quality of teaching, and an educational agenda that promotes high standards for all students, Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities had as its aim to deliver products to schools, both in and outside the project sites, which attempt to incorporate multi-disciplined approaches in the presentation of a curriculum which would be appropriate in any classroom, while also aiming to appeal to young women and minorities. The curriculum was developed to provide students with fundamentals of aeronautics and aviation science. The curriculum also encouraged involving students and teachers in research projects, and further information gathering via electronic bulletin boards and internet capabilities. Though not entirely prescriptive, the curriculum was designed to guide teachers through recommended activities to supplement MCET's live telecast video presentations. Classroom teachers were encouraged to invite local pilots, meteorologists, and others from the field of aviation and aeronautics, particularly women and minorities to visit schools and to field questions from the students.

Texter, P. Cardie

1998-01-01

293

A Comparison of the Earth Science Curriculum Project to the Lecture Method in Junior High School Science Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to determine if students taking junior high school science would receive greater understanding and retention of science principles and procedures from the Earth Science Curriculum Project (ESCP) than would students taught grneral science via the lecture-demonstration method. No attempt was made to group the students (28 in…

Green, Sammy Joe

294

Strategic foresight: how planning for the unpredictable can improve environmental decision-making.  

PubMed

Advanced warning of potential new opportunities and threats related to biodiversity allows decision-makers to act strategically to maximize benefits or minimize costs. Strategic foresight explores possible futures, their consequences for decisions, and the actions that promote more desirable futures. Foresight tools, such as horizon scanning and scenario planning, are increasingly used by governments and business for long-term strategic planning and capacity building. These tools are now being applied in ecology, although generally not as part of a comprehensive foresight strategy. We highlight several ways foresight could play a more significant role in environmental decisions by: monitoring existing problems, highlighting emerging threats, identifying promising new opportunities, testing the resilience of policies, and defining a research agenda. PMID:25097098

Cook, Carly N; Inayatullah, Sohail; Burgman, Mark A; Sutherland, William J; Wintle, Brendan A

2014-09-01

295

Danish Green Technology Foresight -Opportunities and risks from nanotechnology, biotech and ICT  

E-print Network

Danish Green Technology Foresight - Opportunities and risks from nanotechnology, biotech and ICT Path creation in nanotechnology ­ implications for environmental opportunities and risks Preliminary........................................................................................................4 2. Explaining path creation in nanotechnology

296

Technology foresight as a key element in make-or-buy strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out to review the need to foresee technology requirements and trends when undertaking a make-or-buy analysis. The importance of, and techniques for, technology analysis are discussed, particularly current and emerging technology foresight techniques

D. Probert; L. Canez; R. Phaal

1999-01-01

297

Managing uncertainty : foresight and flexibility in cryptography and voice over IP policy  

E-print Network

This main question in this dissertation is under what conditions government agencies show foresight in formulating strategies for managing emerging technologies. A secondary question is when they are capable of adaptation. ...

Hung, Shirley Kon-Jean

2008-01-01

298

Brief report: episodic foresight in autism spectrum disorder.  

PubMed

Episodic foresight (EpF) or, the ability to imagine the future and use such imagination to guide our actions, is an important aspect of cognition that has not yet been explored in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This is despite its proposed links with theory of mind (ToM) and executive function (EF), two areas found to be impaired in ASD. Twenty-five children with ASD (M = 5 years, 10 months; 22 male) and 25 mental-age-matched typically developing children (M = 4 years, 10 months; 22 male) completed a series of EpF, ToM, and EF tasks. Significant group differences were detected on several EpF tasks suggesting that children with ASD show impairments in thinking about their future selves. PMID:23893099

Hanson, Laura K; Atance, Cristina M

2014-03-01

299

Understanding Ecology Content Knowledge and Acquiring Science Process Skills through Project-Based Science Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity discusses a two-day unit on ecology implemented during the summer of 2004 using the project-based science instructional (PBSI) approach. Through collaborative fieldwork, group discussions, presentations, and reflections, students planned, implemented, and reported their own scientific investigations on the environmental health of…

Colley, Kabba E.

2006-01-01

300

Teachers' Tendencies to Promote Student-Led Science Projects: Associations with Their Views about Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School science students can benefit greatly from participation in student-directed, open-ended scientific inquiry projects. For various possible reasons, however, students tend not to be engaged in such inquiries. Among factors that may limit their opportunities to engage in open-ended inquiries of their design are teachers' conceptions about…

Bencze, J. Lawrence; Bowen, G. Michael; Alsop, Steve

2006-01-01

301

Technology Foresight Activities in Korea and in Countries Closing the Technology Gap  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses technology foresight in selected countries which were politically dependent (colonial) before World War II and considered as “under-developed” in the post-war period. Most of them show considerable economic dynamism in the 1990s, which is not always based on their own scientific and technological capability. For this group of countries, national exercises in technology foresight are likely to

Taeyoung Shin; Soon-Ki Hong; Hariolf Grupp

1999-01-01

302

Proposed E-government Foresight Framework in Developing Countries, A Systematic Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-government foresight is a major issues for many countries. It is a systematic approach for looking into the long-term futures. E-government initiatives are currently at a stage of integration and new orientation in developing countries. Smaller steps of government modernization have in part been successfully implemented; larger ones still lie ahead of us. This demands a framework for e-government foresight

Fatemeh Saghafi; Kolsoom Abbasi Shahkooh; Akbar Kary Dolat Abadi; Behrouz Zarei

2009-01-01

303

Technology Foresight as a Policy Tool for Sustainable Development in the Knowledge Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting with Japan in the early 1970's, an increasing number of countries, regions and communities around the world have employed foresight and other exploring-the-future techniques within a policy-making context. These techniques have been focused on scientific and technological policies, where foresight products and processes have facilitated major technological, economic and social actors to identify major trends and challenges, and to

Emmanuel G. Koukios

304

Visualization and characterization of users in a citizen science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent technological advances allowed the creation and use of internet-based systems where many users can collaborate gathering and sharing information for specific or general purposes: social networks, e-commerce review systems, collaborative knowledge systems, etc. Since most of the data collected in these systems is user-generated, understanding of the motivations and general behavior of users is a very important issue. Of particular interest are citizen science projects, where users without scientific training are asked for collaboration labeling and classifying information (either automatically by giving away idle computer time or manually by actually seeing data and providing information about it). Understanding behavior of users of those types of data collection systems may help increase the involvement of the users, categorize users accordingly to different parameters, facilitate their collaboration with the systems, design better user interfaces, and allow better planning and deployment of similar projects and systems. Behavior of those users could be estimated through analysis of their collaboration track: registers of which user did what and when can be easily and unobtrusively collected in several different ways, the simplest being a log of activities. In this paper we present some results on the visualization and characterization of almost 150.000 users with more than 80.000.000 collaborations with a citizen science project - Galaxy Zoo I, which asked users to classify galaxies' images. Basic visualization techniques are not applicable due to the number of users, so techniques to characterize users' behavior based on feature extraction and clustering are used.

Morais, Alessandra M. M.; Raddick, Jordan; Coelho dos Santos, Rafael D.

2013-05-01

305

Pupils' Projects from Zambia. Third World Science. A Collection of Third Form Science Projects from Lubushi Seminary, Kasama, Zambia as Written and Drawn by the Pupils Themselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Third World Science Project (TWSP) is designed to add a multicultural element to existing science syllabi (for students aged 11-16) in the United Kingdom. The project seeks to develop an appreciation of the: boundless facination of the natural world; knowledge, skills, and expertise possessed by men/women everywhere; application of knowledge…

University Coll. of North Wales, Bangor (United Kingdom). School of Education.

306

Project LASER: Learning about science, engineering, and research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The number of American students entering science and engineering careers and their ranking in comparison with other countries is on the decline. This decline has alarmed Congress which, in 1987, established a Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology to define the problem and find solutions. If left unchanged, the task force has warned that the prospects for maintaining an advanced industrial society will diminish. NASA is supportive of the six goals outlined by the task force, which are paraphrase herein, and is carefully assessing its education programs to identify those offering the greatest potential for achieving the task force objectives with a reasonable range of resources. A major initiative is under way on behalf of NASA at its Marshall Space Flight Center, where highly effective features of several NASA education programs along with innovations are being integrated into a comprehensive pilot program. This program, dubbed Project LASER, is discussed.

1990-01-01

307

Conceptual planning for Space Station life sciences human research project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Life Sciences Research Facility dedicated laboratory is currently undergoing system definition within the NASA Space Station program. Attention is presently given to the Humam Research Project portion of the Facility, in view of representative experimentation requirement scenarios and with the intention of accommodating the Facility within the Initial Operational Capability configuration of the Space Station. Such basic engineering questions as orbital and ground logistics operations and hardware maintenance/servicing requirements are addressed. Biospherics, calcium homeostasis, endocrinology, exercise physiology, hematology, immunology, muscle physiology, neurosciences, radiation effects, and reproduction and development, are among the fields of inquiry encompassed by the Facility.

Primeaux, Gary R.; Miller, Ladonna J.; Michaud, Roger B.

1986-01-01

308

Annenberg/CPB Project: The Science of Light  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Annenberg/CPB Project provides educators with online classroom activities and background information about light in color and the laws of light. The website features three interactive activities that teach students about light traveling in a straight line, light properties related to distance, and angles of incidence and refraction. In the Light with Color link, students can learn about subtractive colors and how color printers work by experimenting with cyan, magenta, and yellow. Students are sure to become enthusiastic about the science of light with these fun, educational tutorials.

309

Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao: A Science Curriculum Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In antiquity, the first people to step foot on what are now known as the Hawaiian islands skillfully traversed the Pacific Ocean using celestial navigation and learned observations of scientific phenomena. Long before the Western world ventured beyond the horizon, Hawaiians had invented the chronometer, built aqueduct systems (awai) that continue to amaze modern engineers, and had preventive health systems as well as a comprehensive knowledge of medicinal plants (including antivirals) which only now are working their way through trials for use in modern pharmacopia. Yet, today, Native Hawaiians are severely underrepresented in science-related fields, reflecting (in part) a failure of the Western educational system to nurture the potential of these resourceful students, particularly the many "at-risk" students who are presently over-represented in special education. A curriculum which draws from and incorporates traditional Hawaiian values and knowledge is needed to reinforce links to the inquiry process which nurtured creative thinking during the renaissance of Polynesian history. The primary goal of the Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao Project (translation: `science` or `work in which you seek enlightenment, knowledge or wisdom`) is to increase the number of Native Hawaiian adults in science-related postsecondary education and employment fields. Working closely with Native Hawaiian cultural experts and our high school partners, we will develop and implement a culturally responsive 11th and 12th grade high school science curriculum, infused with math, literacy and technology readiness skills. Software and assistive technology will be used to adapt instruction to individual learners` reading levels, specific disabilities and learning styles. To ease the transition from secondary to post-secondary education, selected grade 12 students will participate in planned project activities that link high school experiences with college science-related programs of study. Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao is funded through a grant awarded to the University of Hawaii Center on Disability Studies (R.A. Stodden, PI) from the U.S. Department of Education, Native Hawaiian Education Act. Project information and curricula are available at http://www.scihi.hawaii.edu/.

Napeahi, K.; Roberts, K. D.; Galloway, L. M.; Stodden, R. A.; Akuna, J.; Bruno, B.

2005-12-01

310

Science in the schools - the Extreme Energy Events project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Extreme Energy Events (EEE) project aims to study extended air showers from high energy cosmic rays and extreme energy events by detecting the muon component of the shower. To achieve this goal, a network of muon telescopes has been installed in high schools distributed all over Italy. Each muon telescope consists of three large area (80 × 160 cm2) Multigap Resistive Plate Chambers (MRPCs). Each MRPC has 24 pickup strips read out at both ends; the hit position along the strip is thus deduced from the time difference. This design offers pointing capability, so that the muon direction can be reconstructed. The project has been conceived by Prof. A. Zichichi in order to rekindle the interest of young people in science and give them a first-hand experience of scientific research.

Abbrescia, M.; Antolini, R.; Baldini Ferroli, R.; Bencivenni, G.; Bressan, E.; Chiavassa, A.; Cical, C.; Cifarelli, L.; Coccetti, F.; de Gruttola, D.; Depasquale, S.; Dincecco, M.; Fabbri, F. L.; Frolov, V.; Garbini, M.; Gustavino, C.; Hatzifotiadou, D.; La Rocca, P.; Librizzi, F.; Maggiora, A.; Menghetti, H.; Miozzi, S.; Moro, R.; Panareo, M.; Piragino, G.; Riggi, F.; Romano, F.; Sartorelli, G.; Scapparone, E.; Selvi, M.; Serci, S.; Siddi, E.; Williams, M. C. S.; Zichichi, A.; Zuyeuski, R.; Williams, M. C. S.

2011-06-01

311

Guiding science expeditions: The design of a learning environment for project-based science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Project-based pedagogy has been revived recently as a teaching strategy for promoting students' active engagement in learning science by doing science. Numerous reform efforts have encouraged project-based teaching in high schools, along with a range of supports for its implementation, often including computers and the Internet. History has shown, however, that academic research and new technologies are not enough to effect real change in classrooms. Ultimately, teachers accomplish activity with their students daily in classrooms. Putting the idea of project-based teaching into practice depends on many particulars of teachers' situated work with students. To better understand the complexity of project-based science teaching in schools, I conducted an interpretive case study of one exceptional teacher's work. The teacher devotes all class time after the beginning of the year to open-ended, student-designed Earth Science research projects. Over four years of involvement with the Learning through Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) reform effort, this teacher has developed, implemented, and refined strategies for supporting and guiding students in conducting open-ended inquiry. Through a close examination of the teacher's work supporting student projects, I explore the design issues involved in such an endeavor, including affordances, constraints, and tradeoffs. In particular, I show how time constrains both student and teacher action, how the traditional school culture and grading create stumbling blocks for change, and how conflicting beliefs about teaching and learning undermine the accomplishment of guided inquiry. I also show how Internet tools including Usenet news, email, and the World Wide Web afford students an opportunity to gather and make use of distributed expertise and scientific data resources; how an activity structure, combined with a corresponding structure to the artifact of the final written product, supports student accomplishment of unfamiliar practices; and how the teacher guides students in real time through mutually transformative communication. I synthesize the important design elements into a framework for conducting project-based science, especially in settings where such pedagogy is relatively new. This study will inform teachers and reformers of the practical and complex work of implementing project-based teaching in schools.

Polman, Joseph Louis

312

New challenges for Life Sciences flight project management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scientists have conducted studies involving human spaceflight crews for over three decades. These studies have progressed from simple observations before and after each flight to sophisticated experiments during flights of several weeks up to several months. The findings from these experiments are available in the scientific literature. Management of these flight experiments has grown into a system fashioned from the Apollo Program style, focusing on budgeting, scheduling and allocation of human and material resources. While these areas remain important to the future, the International Space Station (ISS) requires that the Life Sciences spaceflight experiments expand the existing project management methodology. The use of telescience with state-the-art information technology and the multi-national crews and investigators challenges the former management processes. Actually conducting experiments on board the ISS will be an enormous undertaking and International Agreements and Working Groups will be essential in giving guidance to the flight project management Teams forged in this matrix environment must be competent to make decisions and qualified to work with the array of engineers, scientists, and the spaceflight crews. In order to undertake this complex task, data systems not previously used for these purposes must be adapted so that the investigators and the project management personnel can all share in important information as soon as it is available. The utilization of telescience and distributed experiment operations will allow the investigator to remain involved in their experiment as well as to understand the numerous issues faced by other elements of the program The complexity in formation and management of project teams will be a new kind of challenge for international science programs. Meeting that challenge is essential to assure success of the International Space Station as a laboratory in space.

Huntoon, C. L.

1999-01-01

313

Improving Environmental Literacy through GO3 Citizen Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Global Ozone (GO3) Project students measure ground-level ozone on a continuous basis and upload their results to a global network used by atmospheric scientists and schools. Students learn important concepts such as chemical measurement methods; instrumentation; calibration; data acquisition using computers; data quality; statistics; data analysis and graphing; posting of data to the web; the chemistry of air pollution; stratospheric ozone depletion and global climate change. Students collaborate with researchers and other students globally in the GO3 network. Wilson K-8 School is located in a suburban area in Pima County, Arizona. Throughout the year we receive high ozone alert days. Prior to joining the GO3 project, my students were unaware of air pollution alerts, risks and causes. In the past when Pima County issued alerts to the school, they were posted on signs around the school. No explanation was provided to the students and the signs were often left up for days. This discounted the potential health effects of the situation, resulting in the alerts effectively being ignored. The GO3 project is transforming both my students and our school community. Now my students are:

  • Performing science research
  • Utilizing technology and increasing their skills
  • Collaborating in a responsible manner on the global GO3 social network
  • Communicating their work to the community
  • Issuing their own ozone alerts to their school
  • Advocating for actions that will improve air quality
My students participation in this citizen science project is creating a more cognizant and active community in regards to air pollution.

Wilkening, B.

2011-12-01

314

The Impact of Project 2061 on Science Education in Northeastern Louisiana Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project 2061, a broad-based science reform movement, was launched by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to define the fundamental science and mathematics American students should know. A second phase of Project 2061 translated the defined learning goals…

Webb, Paula Bauer; Pugh, Ava F.

315

The Role of the Science Supervisor in the SS&C Reform Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a teacher-enhancement project--the Scope, Sequence, and Coordination Project (SS&C)--coordinated by the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA). Considers the science supervisor as a key player in bringing about successful school science education reform. (KHR)

Huber, Richard A.; Andrews, David M.

1994-01-01

316

The muon science facility at the JAERI\\/KEK joint project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Muon Science Facility is one of the experimental arenas of the JAERI\\/KEK Joint Project, which also includes neutron science, particle and nuclear physics, neutrino physics and nuclear transmutation science. Following the recommendations by the review committees, the Joint Project was finally approved for construction at the end of December, 2000. The approval is for Phase 1 of 1335 Oku

Y. Miyake; K. Nishiyama; S. Makimura; N. Kawamura; K. Shimomura; R. Kadono; W. Higemoto; K. Fukuchi; J. L. Beveridge; K. Ishida; T. Matsuzaki; I. Watanabe; Y. Matsuda; S. Sakamoto; S. N. Nakamura; K. Nagamine

2003-01-01

317

Analyzing the technical quality of a rubric used to assess science fair projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presenting science fair projects gave students an opportunity to complete a performance assessment that comprised a meaningful task focused on process and subject to standards-based assessment. Students presented science inquiry and engineering design projects to judges at a regional science fair. The judges used the domains of the Potter Rubrics to assess the students' work and assigned a Quality score

Melissa C. Potter

2009-01-01

318

Worldview, Science and the Understanding of Nature (Scientific Literacy and Cultural Studies Project #169)  

E-print Network

Worldview, Science and the Understanding of Nature (Scientific Literacy and Cultural Studies Project #169) Dr. William W. Cobern, Director The Mallinson Institute for Science Education Western domain in which the "natural" sciences operate, but how we understand science and Nature is rooted in our

Cobern, William W.

319

Inquiry Science and Technology Integration Project: A View of Teacher Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Eisenhower-funded science improvement project with activities endorsed by American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), including science as inquiry and technology integration, was conducted by Valdosta State University (VSU) for four years in four Georgia Counties. Positive results…

Gordon, Patricia; Gerber, Brian; Price, Catherine

320

Data Publication in the Meteorological Sciences: the OJIMS project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historically speaking, scientific publication has mainly focussed on the analysis, interpretation and conclusions drawn from a given dataset, as these are the information that can be easily published in hard copy text format with the aid of diagrams. Examining the raw data that forms the dataset is often difficult to do, as datasets are usually stored in digital media, in a variety of (often proprietary or non-standard) formats. This means that the peer-review process is generally only applied to the methodology and final conclusions of a piece of work, and not the underlying data itself. Yet for the conclusions to stand, the data must be of good quality, and the peer-review process must be used to judge the data quality. Data publication, involving the peer-review of datasets, would be of benefit to many sectors of the academic community. For the data scientists, who often spend considerable time and effort ensuring that their data and metadata is complete, valid and stored in an accredited data repository, this would provide academic credit in the form of extra publications and citations. Data publication would benefit the wider community, allowing discovery and reuse of useful datasets, ensuring their curation and providing the best possible value for money. Overlay journals are a technology which is already being used to facilitate peer review and publication on-line. The Overlay Journal Infrastructure for Meteorological Sciences (OJIMS) Project aimed to develop the mechanisms that could support both a new (overlay) Journal of Meteorological Data and an Open-Access Repository for documents related to the meteorological sciences. The OJIMS project was conducted by a partnership between the UK's Royal Meteorological Society (RMetS) and two members of the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), the British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) and the University of Leeds. Conference delegates at the NCAS Conference in Bristol of 8-10 December 2008 were invited to complete a survey to assess the potential implications for the meteorological sciences should a data journal and an open access subject repository be created and operated. Supervised run-throughs of a demonstrator Journal of Meteorological Data were also carried out by seven volunteers at the conference. The feedback from the surveys and demonstrations became part of the reports and recommendations produced by the project. This included discussion of the benefits to data creators, the review process, branding, version control and citations. The project concluded that standard online journal technologies are suitable for the development and operation of a data journal as they allow the use of all the functions of journals without the need to engineer new solutions. The user surveys and interviews also showed that there is a significant desire in the meteorological sciences community for a data journal.

Callaghan, Sarah; Hewer, Fiona; Pepler, Sam; Hardaker, Paul; Gadian, Alan

2010-05-01

321

Scope and Sequence. Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Earth and Space Sciences. A Summer Curriculum Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a booklet containing scope and sequence charts for kindergarten and grades 1 to 6 science units. Overviews and lists of major concepts for units in the life, physical, and earth/space sciences are provided in tables for each grade level. Also presented are seven complete units, one for each grade level. Following a table of contents,…

Cortland-Madison Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Cortland, NY.

322

2020 Foresight Forging the Future of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) of 2020 will look much different from the LLNL of today and vastly different from how it looked twenty years ago. We, the members of the Long-Range Strategy Project, envision a Laboratory not defined by one program--nuclear weapons research--but by several core programs related to or synergistic with LLNL's national security mission. We expect the Laboratory to be fully engaged with sponsors and the local community and closely partnering with other research and development (R&D) organizations and academia. Unclassified work will be a vital part of the Laboratory of 2020 and will visibly demonstrate LLNL's international science and technology strengths. We firmly believe that there will be a critical and continuing role for the Laboratory. As a dynamic and versatile multipurpose laboratory with a national security focus, LLNL will be applying its capabilities in science and technology to meet the needs of the nation in the 21st century. With strategic investments in science, outstanding technical capabilities, and effective relationships, the Laboratory will, we believe, continue to play a key role in securing the nation's future.

Chrzanowski, P.

2000-01-01

323

Guidelines for the use of animals in school science behavior projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offers guidelines for intermediate and secondary students who are participating in classroom and science fair projects with live animals. Such projects should introduce students to ethical issues in animal care and research. Guidelines include qualified supervision and humane considerations.

1981-01-01

324

Science in an Integrated Primary School Project on Water: Part 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes water-related activities in an elementary school science project. These activities focus on electric generators, rainfall, erosion, floating, water conservation, and other areas. Brief comments on developing such a project are included. (JN)

Ward, Alan

1984-01-01

325

Earth Science community support in the EGI-Inspire Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth Science Grid community is following its strategy of propagating Grid technology to the ES disciplines, setting up interactive collaboration among the members of the community and stimulating the interest of stakeholders on the political level since ten years already. This strategy was described in a roadmap published in an Earth Science Informatics journal. It was applied through different European Grid projects and led to a large Grid Earth Science VRC that covers a variety of ES disciplines; in the end, all of them were facing the same kind of ICT problems. .. The penetration of Grid in the ES community is indicated by the variety of applications, the number of countries in which ES applications are ported, the number of papers in international journals and the number of related PhDs. Among the six virtual organisations belonging to ES, one, ESR, is generic. Three others -env.see-grid-sci.eu, meteo.see-grid-sci.eu and seismo.see-grid-sci.eu- are thematic and regional (South Eastern Europe) for environment, meteorology and seismology. The sixth VO, EGEODE, is for the users of the Geocluster software. There are also ES users in national VOs or VOs related to projects. The services for the ES task in EGI-Inspire concerns the data that are a key part of any ES application. The ES community requires several interfaces to access data and metadata outside of the EGI infrastructure, e.g. by using grid-enabled database interfaces. The data centres have also developed service tools for basic research activities such as searching, browsing and downloading these datasets, but these are not accessible from applications executed on the Grid. The ES task in EGI-Inspire aims to make these tools accessible from the Grid. In collaboration with GENESI-DR (Ground European Network for Earth Science Interoperations - Digital Repositories) this task is maintaining and evolving an interface in response to new requirements that will allow data in the GENESI-DR infrastructure to be accessed from EGI resources to enable future research activities by this HUC. The international climate community for IPCC has created the Earth System Grid (ESG) to store and share climate data. There is a need to interface ESG with EGI for climate studies - parametric, regional and impact aspects. Critical points concern the interoperability of security mechanism between both "organisations", data protection policy, data transfer, data storage and data caching. Presenter: Horst Schwichtenberg Co-Authors: Monique Petitdidier (IPSL), Andre Gemünd (SCAI), Wim Som de Cerff (KNMI), Michael Schnell (SCAI)

Schwichtenberg, H.

2012-04-01

326

The EFMN is financed by the European Commission Directorate General for Research as part of a series of initiatives intended to provide a Foresight Knowledge Sharing Platform for foresight practitioners and policy makers in the European Union. More  

E-print Network

practitioners and policy makers in the European Union. More information on the EFMN and on the ForesightThe EFMN is financed by the European Commission Directorate General for Research as part Knowledge Sharing Platform is provided at WWW.EFMN.INFO WWW.EFMN.INFO The European Foresight Monitoring

327

Foresight for commanders: a methodology to assist planning for effects-based operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Looking at the battlespace as a system of systems is a cornerstone of Effects-Based Operations and a key element in the planning of such operations, and in developing the Commander's Predictive Environment. Instead of a physical battleground to be approached with weapons of force, the battlespace is an interrelated super-system of political, military, economic, social, information and infrastructure systems to be approached with diplomatic, informational, military and economic actions. A concept that has proved useful in policy arenas other than defense, such as research and development for information technology, addressing cybercrime, and providing appropriate and cost-effective health care, is foresight. In this paper, we provide an overview of how the foresight approach addresses the inherent uncertainties in planning courses of action, present a set of steps in the conduct of foresight, and then illustrate the application of foresight to a commander's decision problem. We conclude that foresight approach that we describe is consistent with current doctrinal intelligence preparation of the battlespace and operational planning, but represents an advance in that it explicitly addresses the uncertainties in the environment and planning in a way that identifies strategies that are robust over different possible ground truths. It should supplement other planning methods.

Davis, Paul K.; Kahan, James P.

2006-05-01

328

Designing IS Service Strategy: An Information Acceleration Approach Information technology-based innovation involves considerable risk requiring foresight;  

E-print Network

technology-based innovation involves considerable risk requiring foresight; yet our understanding of the way technologies, coordinate suppliers, and respond to the needs of internal units and end-clients. In common with Gretzky, those managers with the insight to manage this complexity and the foresight to identify where

Coltman, Tim

329

Green technology foresight of high technology: a social shaping of technology approach to the analysis of hopes and hypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

High tech visions play an important part in public technology policy and are often promoted through technology foresights. The article presents and analyses results from a green technology foresight of nano-, bio- and information- and communication technologies initiated by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency with the purpose of acquiring knowledge about the environmental potentials and risks related to the three

Michael Søgaard Jørgensen; Ulrik Jørgensen

2009-01-01

330

Bridging the gap between foresight and market research: Integrating methods to assess the economic potential of nanotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how to bridge the gap between foresight research oriented to the long-term, and traditional market research oriented to the medium to short term, when applied to an early stage of a technology's life cycle. It proposes using an integrating approach, i.e. a combination of methods and both foresight and traditional market research. A mix of complementary methods

Norbert Malanowski; Axel Zweck

2007-01-01

331

Final Report and Evaluation of Project S.P.R.U.C.E. (Science Project Related to Upgrading Conservation Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is an environmental approach to elementary school science teaching. The inquiry approach is stressed and outdoor activities are integrated with classroom activities. A variety of curricular materials were developed to be used in conjunction with the New York State Elementary Science Curriculum. The project also provided workshops for…

Busch, Phyllis S.

332

Changes in Participants' Scientific Attitudes and Epistemological Beliefs during an Astronomical Citizen Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizen science projects provide non-scientists with opportunities to take part in scientific research. While their contribution to scientific data collection has been well documented, there is limited research on how participation in citizen science projects may affect their scientific literacy. In this study, we investigated (1) how…

Price, C. Aaron; Lee, Hee-Sun

2013-01-01

333

Success in Forensic Science Research and Other Collaborative Projects: Meeting Your Partners’ Expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forensic science is increasingly used in civil and criminal investigations and court proceedings. Over the past decade there has been a marked increase in the number of large collaborative and interagency research projects looking at the effectiveness of forensic science. Whether these large inter- agency projects will be successful is based on two fundamentals: whether the research produces quality outputs

Sally F. Kelty; Roberta Julian

2011-01-01

334

EPSE Project 1: Using Diagnostic Assessment To Improve Science Teaching and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on Project 1 from the Evidence-based Practice in Science Education (EPSE) Research Network. In this project, a group of teachers develop banks of diagnostic questions in four science topic areas: electric circuits, force and motion, matter and chemical change, and biochemical life processes. (DDR)

Millar, Robin; Hames, Vicky

2002-01-01

335

A Major E-Learning Project to Renovate Science Learning Environment in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes a major e-Learning project recently funded by the National Science Council of Taiwan and envisions some of the future research directions in this area. This project intends to initiate the "Center for excellence in e-Learning Sciences (CeeLS): i[superscript 4] future learning environment" at the National Taiwan Normal…

Chang, Chun-Yen; Lee, Greg

2010-01-01

336

Project on Scope, Sequence, and Coordination: A New Synthesis for Improving Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Project on Scope, Sequence, and Coordination of Secondary School Science (SS&C). Discusses the design of a reform in science education, the use of student metaphors and analogies in explaining phenomena, student motivation, and student performance-based assessment in the SS&C project. (MDH)

Aldridge, Bill G.

1992-01-01

337

The Science Workbook of Student Research Projects in Food - Agriculture - Natural Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook provides descriptions of research projects for high school and middle school science teachers and students. The projects can be used as demonstrations in the laboratory or classroom to help teachers illustrate the practical application of basic science principles. They can also be used by students, under the guidance of the teachers,…

Darrow, Edward E., Ed.

338

A Beginner's Guide to Science Project Competitions in Indiana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a regional science fair in Indiana. Presents guidelines for organization and registration, rules and regulations, display and presentation, science fair advancement opportunities, and other competitions. (SAH)

Zeck, Patricia Arnett

2000-01-01

339

The Role of Project Science in the Chandra X-Ray Observatory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Chandra X-Ray Observatory, one of NASA's Great Observatories, has an outstanding record of scientific and technical success. This success results from the efforts of a team comprising NASA, its contractors, the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, the instrument groups, and other elements of the scientific community, including thousands of scientists who utilize this powerful facility for astrophysical research. We discuss the role of NASA Project Science in the formulation, development, calibration, and operation of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. In addition to representing the scientific community within the Project, Project Science performed what we term "science systems engineering". This activity encompasses translation of science requirements into technical requirements and assessment of the scientific impact of programmatic and technical trades. We briefly describe several examples of science systems engineering conducted by Chandra Project Science.

O'Dell, Stephen L.; Weisskopf, Martin C.

2006-01-01

340

Managing projects for high performance  

SciTech Connect

Interviews and observations by the authors in a number of large successful projects in the energy, chemicals and aerospace industries led to the formulation of a set of management principles which are presented here. They concern leadership style, organization structure and culture, spirit, team work, foresight and continuity.

Shepard, H.; Gonzalez, J.

1984-02-01

341

Science, Technology, Society: Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the potential pitfalls resulting from a lack of human foresight lies at the heart of the science-technology-society (STS) movement. This issue of "Theory Into Practice" is the second part of a two-part series that examines the educational opportunities arising as educators attempt to develop student understanding of STS. In the first…

Lux, Donald G., Ed.

1992-01-01

342

TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT SERVICES/MEDIA SERVICES For Arts and Science Classes video projects  

E-print Network

TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT SERVICES/MEDIA SERVICES For Arts and Science Classes video projects HOUSE RULES and Science. Equipment is available to be checked out for Arts and Science classes. Technology Support 615-322-4855 Technology Support Services is the audio-visual center for the College of Arts

Bordenstein, Seth

343

History, Philosophy, and Science in a Social Perspective: A Pedagogical Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various studies have promoted instruction in the history and philosophy of science (HPS) in science classes, but the best way of putting this perspective into practice remains undetermined. To contribute to this issue, we developed a pedagogical project in some high schools in Brazil that aimed to present science content using an…

Guerra, Andreia; Braga, Marco; Reis, Jose Claudio

2013-01-01

344

Project Citizen: Promoting Action-Oriented Citizen Science in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, citizen science projects have emerged as a means to involve students in scientific inquiry, particularly in the fields of ecology and environmental science. A citizen scientist is "a volunteer who collects and/or processes data as part of a scientific inquiry" (Silverton 2009, p. 467). Participation in citizen science fosters an…

Green, Carie; Medina-Jerez, William

2012-01-01

345

The Changing Earth Science Network -Projects and Results from the First Call Steffen Dransfeld1  

E-print Network

The Changing Earth Science Network -Projects and Results from the First Call Steffen Dransfeld1, and responding to a request from ESAC (Earth Science Advisory Committee) to enhance the ESA scientific support towards the achievement of "The Challenges", the Agency has launched the Changing Earth Science Network

Graaf, Martin de

346

GIVING SCIENCE FOR PEACE A CHANCE The post-war international laboratory projects  

E-print Network

GIVING SCIENCE FOR PEACE A CHANCE The post-war international laboratory projects Patrick Petitjean, with a Natural Sciences Section; an American proposal for a "Conference on the Conservation and Use of Natural to science as an antidote to chaos. It was hoped that scientific advances would usher in an era of peace

Boyer, Edmond

347

The role of the computer in science fair projects: Current status and potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for more students to enter the field of science is acute in the nation, and science fair projects provide a motivational mechanism to entice students into pursuing scientific careers. Computers play a major role in science today. Because computers are a major source of entertainment for our children, one would expect them to play a significant role in

Trainor

1991-01-01

348

Science Meta-Analysis Project: User's Guide for the Machine-Readable Raw Data File.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science Meta-Analysis Project (SMAP) resulted in the meta-analysis of a sizable proportion of the research in pre-college science education. Seven broad questions were examined during the study. These include the effects of different curriculum programs, effects of different instructional systems used in science teaching, effects of various…

Kahl, Stuart R.; Anderson, Ronald D.

349

Particles in Action. Teacher's Guide. Unit C2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

350

Science Students Creating Hybrid Spaces When Engaging in an Expo Investigation Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we report on the experiences of three 9th-grade South African students (13-14 years) in doing open science investigation projects for a science expo. A particular focus of this study was the manner in which these students merge the world of school science with their social world to create a hybrid space by appropriating knowledge…

Ramnarain, Umesh; de Beer, Josef

2013-01-01

351

The future of science and technology and pro-poor applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight the overall lack of focus of existing foresight analysis concerning the future of science and technology on the issue of poverty. The paper looks to re-orient the technology foresight community to adopting an explicit pro-poor perspective when considering future developments in science and technology (S&T). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper presents

Nares Damrongchai; Evan S. Michelson

2009-01-01

352

Support of an Active Science Project by a Large Information System: Lessons for the EOS Era  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ability of large information systems to support the changing data requirements of active science projects is being tested in a NASA collaborative study. This paper briefly profiles both the active science project and the large information system involved in this effort and offers some observations about the effectiveness of the project support. This is followed by lessons that are important for those participating in large information systems that need to support active science projects or that make available the valuable data produced by these projects. We learned in this work that it is difficult for a large information system focused on long term data management to satisfy the requirements of an on-going science project. For example, in order to provide the best service, it is important for all information system staff to keep focused on the needs and constraints of the scientists in the development of appropriate services. If the lessons learned in this and other science support experiences are not applied by those involved with large information systems of the EOS (Earth Observing System) era, then the final data products produced by future science projects may not be robust or of high quality, thereby making the conduct of the project science less efficacious and reducing the value of these unique suites of data for future research.

Angelici, Gary L.; Skiles, J. W.; Popovici, Lidia Z.

1993-01-01

353

Nuclear Science--A Guide to the Nuclear Science Wall Chart 2003 Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEP)  

E-print Network

Nuclear Science--A Guide to the Nuclear Science Wall Chart ©2003 Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEP) 7-1 Chapter 7 Nuclear Reactions Nuclear reactions and nuclear scattering are used, protons, alphas, or "heavy ions"), creates these reactions when they strike a target nucleus. Nuclear

354

Scientific Literacy of Adult Participants in an Online Citizen Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizen Science projects offer opportunities for non-scientists to take part in scientific research. Scientific results from these projects have been well documented. However, there is limited research about how these projects affect their volunteer participants. In this study, I investigate how participation in an online, collaborative…

Price, Charles Aaron

2011-01-01

355

Evaluation of Authentic Science Projects on Climate Change in Secondary Schools: A Focus on Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and purpose: This study examines secondary-school students' opinions on participating in authentic science projects which are part of an international EU project on climate change research in seven countries. Partnerships between schools and research institutes result in student projects, in which students work with and learn from…

Dijkstra, Elma; Goedhart, Martin

2011-01-01

356

An Interdisciplinary Team Project: Psychology and Computer Science Students Create Online Cognitive Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present our case study of an interdisciplinary team project for students taking either a psychology or computer science (CS) course. The project required psychology and CS students to combine their knowledge and skills to create an online cognitive task. Each interdisciplinary project team included two psychology students who conducted library…

Flannery, Kathleen A.; Malita, Mihaela

2014-01-01

357

Experiential learning through integrated project work: an example from soil science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The planning, implementation and evaluation of an integrated soil science project are examined. The project aimed to develop a wide range of student?centred approaches to learning, whilst promoting the development of a variety of transferable skills and personal qualities. The four project components (fieldwork, laboratory analysis, data interpretation and preparation of a written report) ran in sequence. Only the written

Antony Mellor

1991-01-01

358

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) Science Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) field campaign will provide a detailed set of observations with which to (1) perform radiative and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) closure studies, (2) evaluate a new retrieval algorithm for aerosol optical depth (AOD) in the presence of clouds using passive remote sensing, (3) extend a previously developed technique to investigate aerosol indirect effects, and (4) evaluate the performance of a detailed regional-scale model and a more parameterized global-scale model in simulating particle activation and AOD associated with the aging of anthropogenic aerosols. To meet these science objectives, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility will deploy the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) and the Mobile Aerosol Observing System (MAOS) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, for a 12-month period starting in the summer of 2012 in order to quantify aerosol properties, radiation, and cloud characteristics at a location subject to both clear and cloudy conditions, and clean and polluted conditions. These observations will be supplemented by two aircraft intensive observation periods (IOPs), one in the summer and a second in the winter. Each IOP will deploy one, and possibly two, aircraft depending on available resources. The first aircraft will be equipped with a suite of in situ instrumentation to provide measurements of aerosol optical properties, particle composition and direct-beam irradiance. The second aircraft will fly directly over the first and use a multi-wavelength high spectral resolution lidar (HSRL) and scanning polarimeter to provide continuous optical and cloud properties in the column below.

Berkowitz, CM; Berg, LK; Cziczo, DJ; Flynn, CJ; Kassianov, EI; Fast, JD; Rasch, PJ; Shilling, JE; Zaveri, RA; Zelenyuk, A; Ferrare, RA; Hostetler, CA; Cairns, B; Russell, PB; Ervens, B

2011-07-27

359

The Grinnell Science Project: Results of Over Two Decades of Reform Aimed at Inclusion in Science and Mathematics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Grinnell Science Project (GSP) is a program that was developed starting in the early 1990's at Grinnell College -- a selective liberal arts college in Grinnell, Iowa. The GSP program is committed to developing the talents of all students interested in science and mathematics, especially those from groups underrepresented in the sciences -- students of color, first-generation college students, and women in physics, mathematics and computer science. The program developed over several years, drawing on national studies and efforts, and aimed at addressing barriers to success in the sciences. It has involved curricular and mentoring changes, activities and structures that foster acclimation to college life and a community of scientists, and improvement of student achievement. Prior to the full implementation of the Grinnell Science Project, from 1992-1994, an average of 42 science majors graduated annually who were women and eight who were students of color. By 2008, those numbers had jumped to 90 women (a 114% increase) and 21 students of color (a 162.5% increase). In 2009, the GSP was honored with the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Engineering, Mathematics, and Engineering Mentoring, administered by the National Science Foundation. Components of the GSP are now mainstream throughout the science curriculum at Grinnell, and almost all science and math faculty have played some role in the program.

Mahlab, Minna; Grinnell Science Project Team--Grinnell College

2015-01-01

360

Technology Foresight and nuclear test verification: a structured and participatory approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of its mandate, the CTBTO's nuclear explosion monitoring programme aims to maintain its sustainability, effectiveness and its long-term relevance to the verification regime. As such, the PTS is conducting a Technology Foresight programme of activities to identify technologies, processes, concepts and ideas that may serve said purpose and become applicable within the next 20 years. Through the Technology Foresight activities (online conferences, interviews, surveys, workshops and other) we have involved the wider science community in the fields of seismology, infrasound, hydroacoustics, radionuclide technology, remote sensing and geophysical techniques. We have assembled a catalogue of over 200 items, which incorporate technologies, processes, concepts and ideas which will have direct future relevance to the IMS (International Monitoring System), IDC (International Data Centre) and OSI (On-Site Inspection) activities within the PTS. In order to render this catalogue as applicable and useful as possible for strategy and planning, we have devised a "taxonomy" based on seven categories, against which each technology is assessed through a peer-review mechanism. These categories are: 1. Focus area of the technology in question: identify whether the technology relates to (one or more of the following) improving our understanding of source and source physics; propagation modelling; data acquisition; data transport; data processing; broad modelling concepts; quality assurance and data storage. 2. Current Development Stage of the technology in question. Based on a scale from one to six, this measure is specific to PTS needs and broadly reflects Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs). 3. Impact of the technology on each of the following capabilities: detection, location, characterization, sustainment and confidence building. 4. Development cost: the anticipated monetary cost of validating a prototype (i.e. Development Stage 3) of the technology in question. 5. Time to maturity: the number of years until the technology in question reaches Development Stage 3 (i.e. prototype validated). 6. Integration effort: the anticipated level of effort required by the PTS to fully integrate the technology, process, concept or idea into is verification environment. 7. Time to impact: the number of years until the technology is fully developed and integrated into the PTS verification environment and delivers on its full potential. The resulting database is coupled to Pivot, a novel information management software tool which offers powerful visualisation of the taxonomy's parameters for each technology. Pivot offers many advantages over conventional spreadhseet-interfaced database tools: based on shared categories in the taxonomy, users can quickly and intuitively discover linkages, communalities and various interpretations about prospective CTBT pertinent technologies. It is easily possible to visualise a resulting sub-set of technologies that conform to the specific user-selected attributes from the full range of taxonomy categories. In this presentation we will illustrate the range of future technologies, processes, concepts and ideas; we will demonstrate how the Pivot tool can be fruitfully applied to assist in strategic planning and development, and to identify gaps apparent on the technology development horizon. Finally, we will show how the Pivot tool together with the taxonomy offer real and emerging insights to make sense of large amounts of disparate technologies.

Noack, Patrick; Gaya-Piqué, Luis; Haralabus, Georgios; Auer, Matthias; Jain, Amit; Grenard, Patrick

2013-04-01

361

NASA's NPOESS Preparatory Project Science Data Segment: A Framework for Measurement-based Earth Science Data Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Data Segment (SDS) provides a framework for the future of NASA s distributed Earth science data systems. The NPP SDS performs research and data product assessment while using a fully distributed architecture. The components of this architecture are organized around key environmental data disciplines: land, ocean, ozone, atmospheric sounding, and atmospheric composition. The SDS thus establishes a set of concepts and a working prototypes. This paper describes the framework used by the NPP Project as it enabled Measurement-Based Earth Science Data Systems for the assessment of NPP products.

Schwaller, Mathew R.; Schweiss, Robert J.

2007-01-01

362

SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE PROJECT Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

. van de Snepscheut Sponsored by the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense Projects Agency of the Department of Defense, and monitored by the O ce of Naval Research. #12;SUBMICRON Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Submicron Systems Architecture Project. Previous semiannual technical

363

SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE PROJECT Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

. van de Snepscheut Sponsored by the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense Projects Agency of the Department of Defense, and monitored by the Office of Naval Research. #12; SUBMICRON Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Submicron Systems Architecture Project. Previous semiannual technical

364

Science Base and Tools for Evaluating Stream Restoration Project Proposals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stream restoration, stabilization, or enhancement projects typically employ site-specific designs and site- scale habitat improvement projects have become the default solution to many habitat problems and constraints. Such projects are often planned and implemented without thorough consideration of the broader scale problems that may be contributing to habitat degradation, attention to project resiliency to flood events, accounting for possible changes

B. Cluer; C. Thorne; P. Skidmore; J. Castro; G. Pess; T. Beechie; C. Shea

2008-01-01

365

Foresight, Insight, Oversight, and Hindsight in Scientific Discovery: How Sighted Were Galileo's Telescopic Sightings?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Galileo Galilei's celebrated contributions to astronomy are used as case studies in the psychology of scientific discovery. Particular attention was devoted to the involvement of foresight, insight, oversight, and hindsight. These four mental acts concern, in divergent ways, the relative degree of \\

Dean Keith Simonton

2012-01-01

366

Episodic Memory and Episodic Foresight in 3- and 5-Year-Old Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, we examined the development of episodic memory and episodic foresight. Three- and 5-year-olds were interviewed individually using a personalised timeline that included photographs of them at different points in their life. After constructing the timeline with the experimenter, each child was asked to discuss a number of…

Hayne, Harlene; Gross, Julien; McNamee, Stephanie; Fitzgibbon, Olivia; Tustin, Karen

2011-01-01

367

A challenge of integrating technology foresight and assessment in industrial strategy development and policymaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appropriate demand articulation of emerging technologies to social needs are vital to the economic and social productivity, and it is essential to grasp the future trends of social needs and technology advancement to promote the strategic technology policy. Japan embarked on technology foresight in the early 1970s and has since been conducting a regular Delphi survey approximately every 5 years.

Akio Kameoka; Yoshiko Yokoo; Terutaka Kuwahara

2004-01-01

368

Twelve lessons from 'Key Technologies 2005': the French technology foresight exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper draws lessons from the French technology foresight exercise 'Key Technologies 2005'. It first describes the exercise as it took place: its context and objectives as well as the methodology that was adopted to identify, select and characterize 120 key technologies. Specifically, the paper describes the criteria used to select among the candidate key technologies, and then presents a

Thomas Durand

2003-01-01

369

From priority-setting to articulation of demand: Foresight for research and innovation policy and strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the application of foresight to research and innovation policy and strategy. It seeks to show an evolution away from a traditional focus on broad-based technological priority setting to a much more focussed and adapted set of applications. The inherent limitations of prioritisation processes are discussed. The more limited aim of articulating specific fields is noted. Recent trends

Luke Georghiou; Jennifer Cassingena Harper

2011-01-01

370

Local social knowledge management: Community actors, institutions and multilevel governance in regional foresight exercises  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key question for policymakers at the regional and local level is how to provide the right conditions for generating the growth of more knowledge-intensive forms of economic activity within the context of dynamic innovation systems or learning regions. Regional foresight exercises may provide a useful instrument in helping chart their economic strategies. Successful regions must be able to engage

Meric S. Gertler; David A. Wolfe

2004-01-01

371

Technological foresight—the use of biotechnology in the development of new drugs against breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is to demonstrate knowledge and information management as a mechanism for developing technological foresight regarding the use of biotechnology in drugs for breast cancer. The methodology applies competitive intelligence (CI) tools to identify international trends concerning drugs for treatment and\\/or diagnosis, and to identify leading institutions. The study was performed by collecting, treating and analyzing

Claudia Canongia; Adelaide Antunes; Maria de Nazaré Freitas Pereira

2004-01-01

372

A Proposal to Reform the Kyoto Protocol: the Role of Escape Clauses and Foresight  

E-print Network

A Proposal to Reform the Kyoto Protocol: the Role of Escape Clauses and Foresight Larry Karp to the Kyoto Protocol that allows signatories to pay a fine instead of meeting the target level of abatement: Kyoto Protocol, escape clause, cost uncertainty, participation game, Interna- tional Environmental

Karp, Larry S.

373

Infrastructure for Planetary Sciences: Universal planetary database development project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Planetary Data Alliance (IPDA), formally formed under COSPAR (Formal start: from the COSPAR 2008 at Montreal), is a joint international effort to enable global access and exchange of high quality planetary science data, and to establish archive stan-dards that make it easier to share the data across international boundaries. In 2008-2009, thanks to the many players from several agencies and institutions, we got fruitful results in 6 projects: (1) Inter-operable Planetary Data Access Protocol (PDAP) implementations [led by J. Salgado@ESA], (2) Small bodies interoperability [led by I. Shinohara@JAXA N. Hirata@U. Aizu], (3) PDAP assessment [led by Y. Yamamoto@JAXA], (4) Architecture and standards definition [led by D. Crichton@NASA], (5) Information model and data dictionary [led by S. Hughes@NASA], and (6) Venus Express Interoperability [led by N. Chanover@NMSU]. 'IPDA 2009-2010' is important, especially because the NASA/PDS system reformation is now reviewed as it develops for application at the international level. IPDA is the gate for the establishment of the future infrastructure. We are running 8 projects: (1) IPDA Assessment of PDS4 Data Standards [led by S. Hughes (NASA/JPL)], (2) IPDA Archive Guide [led by M.T. Capria (IASF/INAF) and D. Heather (ESA/PSA)], (3) IPDA Standards Identification [led by E. Rye (NASA/PDS) and G. Krishna (ISRO)], (4) Ancillary Data Standards [led by C. Acton (NASA/JPL)], (5) IPDA Registries Definition [led by D. Crichton (NASA/JPL)], (6) PDAP Specification [led by J. Salgado (ESA/PSA) and Y. Yamamoto (JAXA)], (7) In-teroperability Assessment [R. Beebe (NMSU) and D. Heather (ESA/PSA)], and (8) PDAP Geographic Information System (GIS) extension [N. Hirata (Univ. Aizu) and T. Hare (USGS: thare@usgs.gov)]. This paper presents our achievements and plans summarized in the IPDA 5th Steering Com-mittee meeting at DLR in July 2010. We are now just the gate for the establishment of the Infrastructure.

Kasaba, Yasumasa; Capria, M. T.; Crichton, D.; Zender, J.; Beebe, R.

374

Comparing project-based learning to direct instruction on students' attitude to learn science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students' attitude towards learning science transform during their middle school years. Research provides data showing the affect of different teaching methods on students' attitude. Two teaching methods compared were project-based learning and direct instruction. Project-based learning uses inquiry to promote student attitude by engaging them and increasing their curiosity in the natural world. Direct instruction uses lecture, worksheets, tests, and labs. The Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA) survey was used to measure student's attitude. The TOSRA has seven subscales labeled as Social Implications of Science, Normality of Scientists, Attitude to Scientific Inquiry, Adaptation to Scientific Attitudes, Enjoyment of Science Lessons, Leisure Interest in Science, and Career Interest in Science. A student's age and gender were variables also used to determine the affect on transformation of attitude using two different teaching methods. The TOSRA survey showed both positive and negative transformation of students' attitude towards science.

Haugen, Marlen Ingvard

375

Factors affecting construction of science discourse in the context of an extracurricular science and technology project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Doing and learning science are social activities that require certain language, activities, and values. Both constitute what Gee (2005) calls Discourses. The language of learning science varies with the learning context (Lemke, 2001,1990). Science for All Americans (AAAS, 1990) and Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 2000) endorse inquiry science learning. In the United States, most science learning

Horace P. Webb

2009-01-01

376

Exploring Event and Status Based Phenological Monitoring in Citizen Science Projects: Lessons Learned from Project BudBurst  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizen science projects in ecology are in a unique position to address the needs of both the science and education communities. Such projects can provide needed data to further understanding of ecological processes at multiple spatial scales while also increasing public understanding of the importance of the ecological sciences. Balancing the needs of both communities, it is important that citizen science programs also provide different 'entry' points to appeal to diverse segments of society. In the case of NEON's Project BudBurst, a national plant phenology citizen science program, two approaches were developed to address the ongoing challenge to recruitment and retention of participants. Initially, Project BudBurst was designed to be an event-based phenology program. Participants were asked to identify a plant and report on the timing of specific phenoevents throughout the year. This approach requires a certain level of participation, which while yielding useful results, is not going to appeal to the broadest audience possible. To broaden participation, in 2011 and 2012, Project BudBurst added campaigns targeted at engaging individuals in making simple status-based reports of a plant they chose. Three targeted field campaigns were identified to take advantage of times when people notice changes to plants in their environment, using simple status-based protocols: Fall Into Phenology, Cherry Blossom Blitz, and Summer Solstice Snapshot. The interest and participation in these single report phenological status-based campaigns exceeded initial expectations. For example, Fall Into Phenology attracted individuals who otherwise had not considered participating in an ongoing field campaign. In the past, observations of fall phenology events submitted to Project BudBurst had been limited. By providing the opportunity for submitting simple, single reports, the number of both new participants and submitted observations increased significantly.

Ward, D.; Henderson, S.; Newman, S. J.

2012-12-01

377

SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE PROJECT Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

Sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ARPA Order Numbers 3771 & 6202 Monitored Advanced Research Projects Agency, DARPA Order numbers 3771 &. 6202, and monitored by the Office of Naval- month period, 1 April 1987 to 31 October 1987, under the Defense Advanced Re- search Project Agency

378

The muon science facility at the JAERI/KEK joint project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Muon Science Facility is one of the experimental arenas of the JAERI/KEK Joint Project, which also includes neutron science, particle and nuclear physics, neutrino physics and nuclear transmutation science. Following the recommendations by the review committees, the Joint Project was finally approved for construction at the end of December, 2000. The approval is for Phase 1 of 1335 Oku Yen out of the total project cost of 1890 Oku Yen. It is planned to locate the muon science experimental area together with the neutron facility in an integrated building, as a facility for materials and life science studies. Because its construction will be started in April 2003, we are now working to complete the detailed design of the building structure, shielding, electrical services, cooling water, primary proton beam line, one muon target and secondary beam lines.

Miyake, Y.; Nishiyama, K.; Makimura, S.; Kawamura, N.; Shimomura, K.; Kadono, R.; Higemoto, W.; Fukuchi, K.; Beveridge, J. L.; Ishida, K.; Matsuzaki, T.; Watanabe, I.; Matsuda, Y.; Sakamoto, S.; Nakamura, S. N.; Nagamine, K.

2003-02-01

379

Bold ideas shortlisted for future ESA science projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ESA's science programme introduced flexi-missions in 1997, to achieve greater flexibility. They replace the medium-scale projects, of which Huygens (Titan lander) and Integral (gamma-ray astronomy) are current examples. The aim is to have two flexi-missions for the price of one medium mission. Mars Express, already under construction for launch in 2003, is the first flexi-mission, or F1. Now under consideration are F2 and F3, each with a cost to ESA of no more than 176 million euros at 1999 prices. The frontrunner in the astronomy field for one of these slots is European participation with NASA in the Next Generation Space Telescope, successor to the NASA-ESA Hubble Space Telescope. Although a formal decision will not be taken until later this year, much European effort has already gone into preparing for this NGST project, due for launch in 2008. That intensifies the competition for the other slot. An embarrassment of riches - of ideas Multinational teams of scientists from Europe's universities and research institutes are backing each of the proposals selected for assessment, half of which concern the Solar System and the Earth's space environment. STORMS is a scheme to use three spacecraft to investigate a source of big trouble for technological systems, after solar eruptions. The "ring current" of energetic charged particles circulates around the equator at altitudes of several times the Earth's radius, and when its intensity varies during solar storms it causes magnetic perturbations at the Earth's surface. Three identical spacecraft, orbiting out to 50,000 kilometres and equally spaced around the equator, could clear up several remaining mysteries of the ring current -- and also provide real-time monitoring of magnetic storms. SOLAR ORBITER would fly on an extended orbit taking it at intervals to within about 30 million kilometres of the Sun -- much closer than the innermost planet, Mercury. At its closest approach the spacecraft would round the Sun at roughly the same rate as the Sun itself rotates, so that it should seem to hover over one region. Besides giving unprecedented close-up views of the solar surface and atmosphere, the orbiter would directly sense the related behaviour of the solar wind and energetic particles in the Sun's vicinity. With the passage of time the orbit would slant at an increasing angle to the Sun's equator. MASTER would adapt the Mars Express spacecraft for a flyby of Mars and especially a flyby of large asteroids in the Main Belt beyond Mars. Like Mars Express, MASTER would be able to drop a lander on the Red Planet, but instead of going into orbit around Mars it would use the planet's gravity to assist it onwards to the Asteroid Belt. There it would examine one or more asteroids with instruments developed for ESA's Rosetta comet mission and SMART-1 lunar mission. The proposers offer alternative scenarios and target asteroids for launches in 2005, 2007 and 2009. Two proposals concern fundamental physics, which is a new theme in ESA's science programme. There will be a short-term selection between these two proposals, so that only one will go for the full assessment study. In both cases they would use techniques studied by ESA for other possible fundamental physics projects (STEP, MiniSTEP and LISA) to create a force-free environment for experiments. Effects of atmospheric resistance or the pressure of sunlight on the spacecraft are cancelled by automatically controlled thrusters. HYPER would test new kinds of atomic gyroscopes and motion sensors of unprecedented precision, exploiting the quantum effect that makes even whole atoms behave as if they were waves instead of particles. Such sensors promise to be as revolutionary as atomic clocks in timekeeping. An atomic gyro, operating in space with a technique called ultra-cold atom interferometry, could in theory be 100 billion times more sensitive than existing optical gyros that use light instead of atoms. CASIMIR would probe the fundamental nature of empty space. Quantum theory implies that even a perfect vacuum is not really

2000-03-01

380

Space Science Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet. TB 06-3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Space science, or the space sciences, are fields of science that are concerned with the study or utilization of outer space. There are several major fields of space science including astronomy, exobiology, space transport, and space exploration and colonization. In addition, space sciences impact or are related to many other fields, from the…

Shaw, Loretta, Comp.

2006-01-01

381

Focus on Topics. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first (exploratory) phase of the Learning in Science Project focused on science teaching/learning in the Form 1 to 4 level (ages 10 to 14) and sought to identify problems and difficulties in several areas. Provided in this paper are comments obtained during structured/unstructured interviews (from students, ex-students, teachers, headmasters,…

Tasker, Ross; And Others

382

The Atlantic Science Curriculum Project: In Search of a Path to Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 12 years, the Atlantic Science Curriculum Project (ASCP) has attempted to find a feasible path for educational reform in Canada. This search for a voluntary, regionally initiated path to educational reform was necessitated by the absence of substantial federal and provincial and private foundation sources of funding for science

McFadden, Charles P.

383

Scientific knowledge and attitude change: The impact of a citizen science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the evaluation of an informal science education project, The Birdhouse Network (TBN) of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. The Elaboration Likelihood Model and the theory of Experiential Education were used as frameworks to analyse the impact of TBN on participants' attitudes toward science and the environment, on their knowledge of bird biology, and on their understanding of

Dominique Brossard; Bruce Lewenstein; Rick Bonney

2005-01-01

384

Scientific Knowledge and Attitude Change: The Impact of a Citizen Science Project. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the evaluation of an informal science education project, The Birdhouse Network (TBN) of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. The Elaboration Likelihood Model and the theory of Experiential Education were used as frameworks to analyse the impact of TBN on participants' attitudes toward science and the environment, on their…

Brossard, Dominique; Lewenstein, Bruce; Bonney, Rick

2005-01-01

385

Janice VanCleave's Electricity: Mind-Boggling Experiments You Can Turn into Science Fair Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to provide guidance and ideas for science projects to help students learn more about science as they search for answers to specific problems. The 20 topics on electricity in this book suggest many possible problems to solve. Each topic has one detailed experiment followed by a section that provides additional questions about…

VanCleave, Janice

386

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SUSTAINABILITY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Climate Change Projections: Multi-Model Ensembles  

E-print Network

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SUSTAINABILITY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Climate Change Projections: Multi are identified and used to relate forcing signals in a period of climate change. Empirical Model - A model which in a consistent fashion. In recent years, a large number of groups in the international climate science community

387

An Overview of the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Data Segment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the years, numerous large and complex information systems have been created to store, process, and disseminate vast volumes of remotely-sensed Earth Science data. These existing systems can potentially be leveraged off of to process data from similar instruments, thus reducing science data processing systems development time and costs. The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) provides remotely-sensed land, ocean, atmospheric, ozone,

R. J. Schweiss; S. Samadi; E. L. Ho; R. Gerard

2005-01-01

388

Interaction Patterns and Their Relationship with Outcomes in Australian Science Education Project Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study designed to describe the nature of teacher-pupil-materials interactions occurring in classrooms using Australian Science Education Project (ASEP) materials and to investigate relationships between these interaction patterns, changes in student achievement and attitudes toward science in classes taught by teachers whose…

Power, Colin N.; Tisher, Richard P.

389

Bringing Dinosaur Science to the Junior Girl Scouts through a College Service-Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate students in an introductory-level geoscience course successfully designed and conducted a science badge day for the Junior Girl Scouts. With national concerns that girls turn away from science at a young age, a service-learning project was incorporated into a college course with the end result providing a group of girls a positive…

Guertin, Laura A.; Cao, Edna T.; Craig, Karen A.; George, Alice E.; Goldson, Shana T.; Makatche, Shanon P.; Radusevich, Brett T.; Sandor, Charles W.; Takos, Anya T.; Tuller, Ryan; Williams, James K.; Williams, Michael A.

2004-01-01

390

CURRENT PROJECTS ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 1964.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION IS THE SIXTH ANNUAL INVENTORY OF RESEARCH PROJECTS WHICH ARE CURRENTLY IN PROGRESS AT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND WHICH DEAL WITH THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. THE INFORMATION INVOLVED IN THIS DOCUMENT WAS COMPILED BY THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOR THE USE OF SCHOLARS, ADMINISTRATORS, AND OTHERS…

PERLMAN, JACOB

391

Research Associate, All-in-One project (0.5 FTE) College of Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

This is an exciting time to join a dynamic new college and contribute to its development. The College has 436 staff achievements and our ambitious plans. If you share our approach join us. College of Science and Engineering Pro One Utility Product. The project is funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Priestley, Hilary

392

Final Technical Report for earmark project "Atmospheric Science Program at the University of Louisville"  

SciTech Connect

We have completed a 3-year project to enhance the atmospheric science program at the University of Louisville, KY (est. 2008). The goals were to complete an undergraduate atmospheric science laboratory (Year 1) and to hire and support an assistant professor (Years 2 and 3). Both these goals were met on schedule, and slightly under budget.

Dowling, Timothy Edward [University of Louisville

2014-02-11

393

Project Name: Internships in the Liberal Arts and Sciences MIU Round: Round 2  

E-print Network

Project Name: Internships in the Liberal Arts and Sciences MIU Round: Round 2 Sponsor Director for Internships), Leslie Kohlberg (Director, L&S Career Services) Partner(s): L&S Career Measure(s) Enable more students in the College of Letters and Science to complete internships. Strive

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

394

How Can I Help My Child with a Science Fair Project?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixteen different suggestions are given to parents for helping their children with science fair projects. Among the 16 suggestions included are contacting people who have expertise in science, helping the child obtain pertinent information, keeping a daily log of research activities. (DS)

DeBruin, Jerome E.

1980-01-01

395

Bilingual communication methods, text versus video, to increase parent involvement and science fair project student achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the responses of families to bilingual communication methods, text versus video, designed to facilitate school to home communication to increase parent involvement and seventh grade student achievement in the science fair project. Using an experimental design, 161 families were randomly selected to receive either a two part informational text or video series during the science fair unit

Rhonda Suzanne Clevenson

2001-01-01

396

CloudSat Project A NASA Earth System Science Pathfinder Mission  

E-print Network

............................................................................................................ 6 a. Hierarchical Data Processing Overview b. 1A-AUX (Level 1 Auxiliary Data mapped to CloudCloudSat Project A NASA Earth System Science Pathfinder Mission CloudSat Standard Data Products..................................................................................................18 2 #12;1. CloudSat Mission Overview CloudSat is a NASA Earth Sciences Systems Pathfinder (ESSP

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

397

AAAS News: Junior High Schools Focus for New Science Education Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Junior high schools in three states are currently participating in Science Resources for Schools (SRS), a three-year pilot project designed to link schools with the scientific community. Highlights of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)-directed program and program materials are described. Other AAAS educational activities…

Wrather, Joan

1983-01-01

398

Pacific CRYSTAL Project: Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science literacy leading to fuller and informed participation in the public debate about science, technology, society, and\\u000a environmental (STSE) issues that produce justified decisions and sustainable actions is the shared and central goal of the\\u000a Pacific CRYSTAL Project. There is broad agreement by science education researchers that learners need to be able to construct\\u000a and interpret specific scientific discourses and

Robert J. Anthony; Christine D. Tippett; Larry D. Yore

2010-01-01

399

PROJECT SUCCESS: Identification and Evaluation of the Enrichment Component. (Language Arts, Marine Science, Electricity, Art).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of a series of documents about Project Success, an enrichment program for gifted elementary students, describes identification and evaluation procedures for the four project components: language arts, electricity, marine science, and art. Included among sample identification measures are a checklist on general characteristics and a test…

Gaab, Carolyn; James, Sally

400

SCIENCE & IDEAS: LANGUAGE: THE HUMAN SPEECHOME PROJECT Someone to watch over me  

E-print Network

speechome project, a reference to the broad implications of mapping a single unit. And like the human genomeSCIENCE & IDEAS: LANGUAGE: THE HUMAN SPEECHOME PROJECT Someone to watch over me Every move, every study how humans learn to speak - and whether robots can be taught the same way. Susan Pinker reports

Roy, Deb

401

Critical Project Development Skills in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a short course using an enquiry-based approach to orient final-year students, some of whom have little or no prior experience, in techniques of archival research, critical source investigation, and the management of an extended writing project in the history of science, technology and medicine. The course supplements, rather than replacing, established arrangements for individual project supervision. A

James Sumner; David Kirby

402

Use of a Laboratory Field Project in an Introductory Crop Science Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses the benefits resulting from a laboratory field project and report for agricultural students in an introductory crop science course. Student responses to evaluation statements indicated that the project helped them identify crops, understand cultural and management practices, and recognize environmental influences that affect crop…

Lane, Robert A.

1986-01-01

403

Assessing Science Students' Attitudes to Mathematics: A Case Study on a Modelling Project with Mathematical Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the attitudes of students towards mathematics after they had participated in an applied mathematical modelling project that was part of an Applied Mathematics course. The students were majoring in Earth Science at the National Taiwan Normal University. Twenty-six students took part in the project. It was the first time a…

Lim, L. L.; Tso, T. -Y.; Lin, F. L.

2009-01-01

404

National Science Foundation 1989 Engineering Senior Design Projects To Aid the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the Bioengineering and Research to Aid the Disabled program of the National Science Foundation, design projects were awarded competitively to 16 universities. Senior engineering students at each of the universities constructed custom devices and software for disabled individuals. This compendium contains a description of each project in…

Enderle, John D., Ed.

405

Science Sampler: A student-centered project focused on obtaining clean drinking water for the community  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project-based science unit, focused on a local environmental issue, created a great deal of interest and learning, as well as drew in the support of the community. The authors designed and implemented the project in a fifth- and sixth-grade classroom when they were Peace Corps volunteers in Central America. Although this project was carried out in Central America, the teaching approach is transferrable to schools in urban and rural contexts in the United States.

Crawford, Barbara; Capps, Daniel; Capps, Krista

2008-12-01

406

Science Sampler: A project-based environmental unit for teaching content through inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recent science education reform efforts for adolescents have attempted to engage students in science by using project-based instruction (Rivet and Krajcik 2008). The features of project-based learning (PBL) are consistent with the learning needs of many types of students and hold promise as an effective tool for teaching complex topics such as environmental issues. The goal for this project-based waste management unit is to help teachers improve students’ understanding of their local environment through a relevant, inquiry-based approach.

Kristin Cook

2010-04-01

407

The Center for Science and Mathematics Education (CSME) at the University of Utah has developed the Utah Science in Prisons Project (USPP) to bring nature and science to individuals incarcerated in Utah. USPP will involve scientists, o enders, corrections  

E-print Network

developed the Utah Science in Prisons Project (USPP) to bring nature and science to individuals incarcerated Science Foundation (grants DEB-1141833 and DRL-1204448). About 2.3 million men and women are incarcerated

408

Factors Affecting Construction of Science Discourse in the Context of an Extracurricular Science and Technology Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Doing and learning science are social activities that require certain language, activities, and values. Both constitute what Gee (2005) calls Discourses. The language of learning science varies with the learning context (Lemke, 2001,1990). "Science for All Americans" (AAAS, 1990) and "Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards" (NRC,…

Webb, Horace P.

2009-01-01

409

Analyzing the Watershed Dynamics project as an example of successful science and education partnerships  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Watershed Dynamics project is a partnership between Northwestern University, the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science (CUAHSI), and the GLOBE Program (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment). The goal of the project is to develop inquiry-based educational materials that use authentic scientific data and analysis techniques to teach students about the watershed. The relationship between Northwestern, CUAHSI, and GLOBE allows each partner to contribute to the development of the project in the area of their expertise. Science researchers from CUAHSI share science content knowledge and data access through the development of their Hydrologic Information System (HIS). Curriculum developers at Northwestern write inquiry-based curriculum using GIS technology to access and analyze live data. The GLOBE Program is a worldwide hands-on, primary and secondary school-based science education program that provides teacher training opportunities to a network of teachers around the world. This partnership allows each partner to bring their area of expertise to the project and make the best use of one another's resources. The Watershed Dynamics project can serve as a model for future partnerships between the science and education communities. The Office of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Education Partnerships (OSEP) at Northwestern is a service organization that supports Northwestern researchers in developing proposals and implementing research projects that incorporate K-12 educational components, particularly in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). OSEP assists faculty with the development of sound plans for education and outreach that reflect current research on learning and educational reform and provides expertise in STEM education materials development, learning technologies, and professional development for K-12 teachers and facilitators in informal education institutions. Resources such as OSEP can pair scientists with educational organizations so that science outreach programs can be sustainable.

Buzby, C. K.; Jona, K.

2009-12-01

410

Changes in Participants’ Scientific Attitudes and Epistemological Beliefs During an Astronomical Citizen Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizen science projects offer opportunities for non-scientists to take part in scientific research. While their contribution to scientific data collection has been well documented, there is limited research on changes that may occur to their volunteer participants. In this study, we investigated (1) how volunteers’ attitudes towards science and beliefs in the nature of science changed over six months of participation in an astronomy-themed citizen science project and (2) how the level of project participation accounted for these changes. To measure attitudes towards science and beliefs about the nature of science, identical pre- and post-tests were used. We used pre-test data from 1,375 participants and post-test data collected from 175 participants. Responses were analyzed using the Rasch Rating Scale Model. The pre-test sample was used to create the Rasch scales for the two scientific literacy measures. For the pre/post-test comparisons, data from those who completed both tests were used. Fourteen participants who took the pre/post-tests were interviewed. Results show that overall scientific attitudes did not change, p = .812. However, we did find significant changes related towards two scientific attitude items about science in the news (positive change; p < .001, p < .05) and one related to scientific self-efficacy (negative change, p < .05). These changes were related to the participants’ social activity in the project. Beliefs in the nature of science significantly increased between the pre- and post-tests, p = .014. Relative positioning of individual items on the belief scale did not change much and this change was not related to any of our recorded project activity variables. The interviews suggest that the social aspect of the project is important to participants and the change in self-efficacy is not due to a lowering of esteem but rather a greater appreciation for what they have yet to learn.

Price, Aaron

2012-01-01

411

The ERESE project: Bridging the gap between Digital Science Libraries and Education through Professional Development of Teachers and Database Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ERESE (Enduring Resources in Earth Science Education) project involves a close collaboration between teachers, librarians, educators, data archive managers and scientists in Earth sciences and information technology, to create a digital library environment for Earth science education. We report here on an ongoing (NSF-NSDL) project involving teachers' professional development in the pedagogy of plate tectonics in middle and high

H. Staudigel; M. Helly; J. Helly; A. Koppers; C. Massel-Symons; S. Miller

2004-01-01

412

The Effect of the BalloonSat Project on Middle and High School Students' Attitude toward Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study measured the effect of completing a BalloonSat project on student attitude toward science. Seven categories of student attitudes toward science were measured using the Test of Science Relate Attitudes survey (TOSRA). The research anticipated that the BalloonSat project would have similar effects on student attitudes as found in robotics…

Verhage, L. Paul

2012-01-01

413

Scientific literacy of adult participants in an online citizen science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizen Science projects offer opportunities for non-scientists to take part in scientific research. Scientific results from these projects have been well documented. However, there is limited research about how these projects affect their volunteer participants. In this study, I investigate how participation in an online, collaborative astronomical citizen science project can be associated with the scientific literacy of its participants. Scientific literacy is measured through three elements: attitude towards science, belief in the nature of science and competencies associated with learning science. The first two elements are measured through a pre-test given to 1,385 participants when they join the project and a post-test given six months later to 125 participants. Attitude towards science was measured using nine Likert-items custom designed for this project and beliefs in the nature of science were measured using a modified version of the Nature of Science Knowledge scale. Responses were analyzed using the Rasch Rating Scale Model. Competencies are measured through analysis of discourse occurring in online asynchronous discussion forums using the Community of Inquiry framework, which describes three types of presence in the online forums: cognitive, social and teaching. Results show that overall attitudes did not change, p = .225. However, there was significant change towards attitudes about science in the news (positive) and scientific self efficacy (negative), p < .001 and p = .035 respectively. Beliefs in the nature of science exhibited a small, but significant increase, p = .04. Relative positioning of scores on the belief items did not change much, suggesting the increase is mostly due to reinforcement of current beliefs. The cognitive and teaching presence in the online forums did not change, p = .807 and p = .505 respectively. However, the social presence did change, p = .011. Overall, these results suggest that multi-faceted, collaborative citizen science projects can have an impact on some aspects of scientific literacy. Using the Rasch Model allowed us to uncover effects that may have otherwise been hidden. Future projects may want to include social interactivity between participants and also make participants specifically aware of how they are contributing to the entire scientific process.

Price, Charles Aaron

414

ON THE R&D PRIORITY SETTING IN TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT: A DEA AND ANP APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper propose a systematic approach to setting R&D priorities of emerging technologies in the technology foresight context. The proposed approach consists of two stages with two multiple criteria decision making methods. Firstly, socio-economic cost-benefit analysis based on data envelopment analysis with macro-level criteria is conducted to screen initial set of emerging technologies. The second stage deals with the detailed

HAKYEON LEE; CHANGYONG LEE; HYEONJU SEOL

2008-01-01

415

Bioinformatics Projects Supporting Life-Sciences Learning in High Schools  

PubMed Central

The interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics makes it an ideal framework to develop activities enabling enquiry-based learning. We describe here the development and implementation of a pilot project to use bioinformatics-based research activities in high schools, called “Bioinformatics@school.” It includes web-based research projects that students can pursue alone or under teacher supervision and a teacher training program. The project is organized so as to enable discussion of key results between students and teachers. After successful trials in two high schools, as measured by questionnaires, interviews, and assessment of knowledge acquisition, the project is expanding by the action of the teachers involved, who are helping us develop more content and are recruiting more teachers and schools. PMID:24465192

Marques, Isabel; Almeida, Paulo; Alves, Renato; Dias, Maria João; Godinho, Ana; Pereira-Leal, José B.

2014-01-01

416

34 CFR 645.12 - What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? 645.12 Section 645.12 Education...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? Any project assisted under this part...

2013-07-01

417

34 CFR 645.12 - What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? 645.12 Section 645.12 Education...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? Any project assisted under this part...

2011-07-01

418

34 CFR 645.12 - What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? 645.12 Section 645.12 Education...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? Any project assisted under this part...

2012-07-01

419

34 CFR 645.12 - What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? 645.12 Section 645.12 Education...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? Any project assisted under this part...

2014-07-01

420

Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy On-line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a free online version of the Benchmarks compiled and published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). It is a statement of what all students should know and be able to do in science, mathematics, and technology by the end of grades 2, 5, 8, and 12. The document is searchable, and contains links to cognitive research for each benchmark category. Benchmarks does not advocate particular teaching methods or curriculum design. It was developed to provide a research-based sequence of specific learning goals that educators can use in curriculum building.

2010-03-11

421

The use of animals in national high school student science fair projects in the United States.  

PubMed

Science fair projects can provide a sound opportunity to teach students the value of scientific methodology without relying on the routine and unnecessary use of animals. Unfortunately, students are often encouraged to use animals in an expendable manner that both duplicates previous experiments and neglects the opportunity to "think outside the box" in order to generate new hypotheses/theories about human health, physiological processes or basic biological concepts. Although at least one national science fair sponsor has changed its policy regarding students' utilisation of vertebrate animals, others continue to encourage the more traditional in vivo experimental projects. This paper will review the guidelines of two major national science fairs in the USA; types of projects conducted that involve animals; numbers of animals involved; interview responses by some student finalists who used vertebrates in their projects; successful initiatives by animal advocates in the USA to eliminate the use of animals in science fairs; and potential areas of outreach to science educators, science fair sponsors, high schools and students. PMID:23581124

Miller-Spiegel, Crystal

2004-06-01

422

Pacific CRYSTAL Project: Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science literacy leading to fuller and informed participation in the public debate about science, technology, society, and environmental (STSE) issues that produce justified decisions and sustainable actions is the shared and central goal of the Pacific CRYSTAL Project. There is broad agreement by science education researchers that learners need to be able to construct and interpret specific scientific discourses and texts to be literate in science. We view these capabilities as components in the fundamental sense of science literacy and as interactive and synergetic to the derived sense of science literacy, which refers to having general knowledge about concepts, principles, and methods of science. This article reports on preliminary findings from Years 1, 2, and 3 of the 5-year Pacific CRYSTAL project that aims to identify, develop, and embed explicit literacy instruction in science programs to achieve both senses of science literacy. A community-based, opportunistic, engineering research and development approach has been utilized to identify problems and concerns and to design instructional solutions for teaching middle school (Grades 6, 7, and 8) science. Initial data indicate (a) opportunities in programs for embedding literacy instruction and tasks; (b) difficulties generalist teachers have with new science curricula; (c) difficulties specialist science teachers have with literacy activities, strategies, genre, and writing-to-learn science tasks; and (d) potential literacy activities (vocabulary, reading comprehension, visual literacy, genre, and writing tasks) for middle school science. Preinstruction student assessments indicate a range of challenges in achieving effective learning in science and the need for extensive teacher support to achieve the project’s goals. Postinstructional assessments indicate positive changes in students’ ability to perform target reading and writing tasks. Qualitative data indicate teachers’ desire for external direction and the need for researchers to expand the literacy framework to include oral discourse. A case study of teachers’ use of a specific literacy task and its influence on students revealed indications of robustness and effectiveness. Experiences revealed procedural difficulties and insights regarding community-based research and development approaches.

Anthony, Robert J.; Tippett, Christine D.; Yore, Larry D.

2010-01-01

423

The PROFILES Project Promoting Science Teaching in a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School subjects can provide a good context for learning a second language. This is especially true for science as it can involve a range of student centred activities, which involve students in collaborative communication related to a range of different competences. This paper reflects on one approach to learning in a second language, using the…

Blanchard, B.; Masserot, V.; Holbrook, J.

2014-01-01

424

UNESCO Chemistry Teaching Project in Asia: Experiments on Nuclear Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide on nuclear science is divided into two parts. The first part is a discussion of some of the concepts in nuclear chemistry including radioactivity, types of disintegration, radioactive decay and growth, and tracer techniques. The relevant experiments involving the use of radioisotopes are presented in the second part. The…

Dhabanandana, Salag

425

Community petascale project for accelerator science and simulation  

E-print Network

.S. Department of Energy Office of High Energy Physics, Office of Nuclear Physics, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, and Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research. The simulation work presented here used. The work at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory was also supported by the Director, Office of Advanced

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

426

SUBMICRON SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE PROJECT Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

to submicron feature sizes. Our work is focused on VLSI architecture experiments that involve the design, and can be ordered from the Caltech Computer Science Library. 1.2 Objectives The central theme of this research is the architecture and design of VLSI systems appropriate to a microcircuit technology scaled

427

A Place of Transformation: Lessons from the Cosmic Serpent Informal Science Education Professional Development Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cultural disconnect exists between Western scientists and educators and Native communities in terms of scientific worldviews and Indigenous ways of knowing. This cultural disconnect manifests itself in the lack of participation of Native Americans in Western science and a lack of appreciation by Western scientists of Native science. Our NSF-Funded project "Cosmic Serpent: Bridging Native and Western Learning in Museum Settings" set out to provide a way for informal science education practitioners and tribal museum practitioners to learn about these two worldviews in such a way as to inform their educational practice around these concepts. We began with a pilot workshop in year one of this four-year project. We then provided two week-long professional development workshops in three regions within the Western U.S., and culminated with a final conference for all participants. In total, the workshops served 162 participants, including 115 practitioners from 19 tribal museums and 41 science, natural history, and cultural museums; 23 tribal community members; and 24 "bridge people" with knowledge of both Indigenous and Western science. For this article, we focus on the professional and personal transformations around culture, knowledge, science, and worldviews that occurred as a part of this project. We evaluated the collaborative aspects of this grant between the Indigenous Education Institute; the Center for Science Education at the University of California, Berkeley; the Institute for Learning Innovation; Native Pathways; Association for Science and Technology Centers; and the National Museum of the American Indian. Using evaluation results, as well as our personal reflections, we share our learnings from a place of transformation. We provide lessons we learned with this project, which we hope others will find relevant to their own science education work.

Peticolas, L.; Maryboy, N.; Begay, D.; Stein, J.; Valdez, S.; Paglierani, R.

2012-08-01

428

Environmental Studies in the Physical Sciences. Project Reports, Volume 3, The Rachel Carson Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the third of seven accompanying volumes included in the Rachel Carson Project. The project attempts to introduce environmental education lessons and units into existing courses of study within a high school rather than to implement environmental education through the introduction of new courses. This volume reports the…

Tanner, R. Thomas

429

Project BudBurst: Continental-scale citizen science for all seasons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Project BudBurst's (budburst.org) recent move to the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) has benefitted both programs. NEON has been able to use Project BudBurst as a testbed to learn best practices, network with experts in the field, and prototype potential tools for engaging people in continental-scale ecology as NEON develops its citizen science program. Participation in Project BudBurst has grown significantly since the move to NEON. Project BudBurst is a national citizen science initiative designed to engage the public in observations of phenological (plant life cycle) events that raise awareness of climate change, and create a cadre of informed citizen scientists. Citizen science programs such as Project BudBurst provide the opportunity for students and interested laypersons to actively participate in scientific research. Such programs are important not only from an educational perspective, but because they also enable scientists to broaden the geographic and temporal scale of their observations. The goals of Project BudBurst are to 1) increase awareness of phenology as an area of scientific study; 2) Increase awareness of the impacts of changing climates on plants at a continental-scale; and 3) increase science literacy by engaging participants in the scientific process. From its 2008 launch in February, this on-line educational and data-entry program, engaged participants of all ages and walks of life in recording the timing of the leafing and flowering of wild and cultivated species found across the continent. Thus far, thousands of participants from all 50 states have submitted data. This presentation will provide an overview of Project BudBurst and will report on the results of the 2010 field campaign and discuss plans to expand Project BudBurst in 2012 including the use of mobile phones applications for data collection and reporting from the field. Project BudBurst is co-managed by the National Ecological Observatory Network and the Chicago Botanic Garden.

Henderson, S.; Newman, S. J.; Ward, D.; Havens-Young, K.; Alaback, P.; Meymaris, K.

2011-12-01

430

Scientific knowledge and attitude change: The impact of a citizen science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the evaluation of an informal science education project, The Birdhouse Network (TBN) of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. The Elaboration Likelihood Model and the theory of Experiential Education were used as frameworks to analyse the impact of TBN on participants’ attitudes toward science and the environment, on their knowledge of bird biology, and on their understanding of the scientific process. The project had an impact on participants’ knowledge of bird biology. No statistically significant change in participants’ attitudes toward science or the environment, or in participants’ understanding of the scientific process, could be detected. The results suggest that projects must make explicit to participants the issues that they are experiencing. In addition, the results suggest that more sensitive measures need to be designed to assess attitude change among environmentally aware citizens.

Brossard, Dominique; Lewenstein, Bruce; Bonney, Rick

2005-09-01

431

Project science inquiry: An exploration of elementary teachers' beliefs and perceptions about science teaching and learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examined elementary teachers' beliefs and perceptions of effective science instruction and documents how these teachers interpret and implement a model for Inquiry-Based (I-B) science in their classrooms. The study chronicles a group of teachers working in a large public school division and documents how these teachers interpret and implement reform-based science methods after participating in a professional development course on I-B science methods administered by the researcher. I-B science teaching and its implementation is discussed as an example of one potential method to address the current call for national education reform to meet the increasing needs of all students to achieve scientific literacy and the role of teachers in that effort. The conviction in science reform efforts is that all students are able to learn science and consequently must be given the crucial opportunities in the right environment that permits optimal science learning in our nation's schools. Following this group of teachers as they attempted to deliver I-B science teaching revealed challenges elementary science teachers face and the professional supports necessary for them to effectively meet science standards. This dissertation serves as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Education at George Mason University.

Wilcox, Dawn Renee

432

Exemplary Projects. Mathematics-Science, Computer Learning and Foreign Languages. A Collection of Projects Funded through Title II of The Education for Economic Security Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a collection of over 80 exemplary project summaries from projects funded in 39 states and the District of Columbia through Title II of the Education for Economic Security Act. The subject areas covered by these projects are limited to mathematics, science, foreign language, and computer learning. Each summary includes a…

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

433

Technology foresight and critical technology selection in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delphi survey in three fields of information and communication, life science and biotechnology, new materials technology was carried out in China based on the analysis of socioeconomic needs. More than 1,300 excellent experts from different domains were invited to evaluate 222 technological topics. Two rounds Delphi survey were processed and 46.8% respondents filled the questionnaires in the second round. Some

Yang Qi-Quan; Gong Zhong-Ming; Cheng Jia-Yu; Ge Wang

2004-01-01

434

Guidelines for Community-based Ethics Review of Children’s Science Fair Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-level community based ethics committees staffed by teachers, parents and community representatives can readily review\\u000a children’s science fair projects subject to the revision of two core assumptions currently governing children’s Science Fairs.\\u000a The first part of the paper recasts the New Zealand Royal Society guidelines from its primary emphasis on risk to a new assumption,\\u000a without benefit there can be

Martin Tolich

2008-01-01

435

Introduction to the Science Teacher Training in an Information Society (STTIS) project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cluster of papers in this Special Issue, contains some results from the Science Teacher Training in an Information Society (STTIS) project, which was funded by the European Commission. Five European universities were involved: Universite´ Denis Diderot-Paris 7 (France), Universita¤ 'Federico II da Napoli' (Italy), University of Oslo (Norway), Universitat Auto¤noma de Barcelona (Spain), and the University of Sussex (UK). The names of those involved are given in the Appendix. The following brief description of the aims and structure of the project sets the work reported here (in this cluster) in the context of the whole project. The project dealt with general questions and challenges that the Information Society poses to science educators.

Pinto, Roser

2002-03-01

436

Translational Science Project Team Managers: Qualitative Insights and Implications from Current and Previous Postdoctoral Experiences  

PubMed Central

The development of leadership and project management skills is increasingly important to the evolution of translational science and team-based endeavors. Team science is dependent upon individuals at various stages in their careers, inclusive of postdocs. Data from case histories, as well as from interviews with current and former postdocs, and those supervising postdocs, indicate six essential tasks required of project managers in multidisciplinary translational teams, along with eight skill-related themes critical to their success. To optimize the opportunities available and to ensure sequential development of team project management skills, a life cycle model for the development of translational team skills is proposed, ranging from graduate trainees, postdocs, assistant professors, and finally to mature scientists. Specific goals, challenges and project management roles and tasks are recommended for each stage for the life cycle.

Wooten, Kevin C.; Dann, Sara M.; Finnerty, Celeste C.; Kotarba, Joseph A.

2015-01-01

437

The science of laboratory and project management in regulated bioanalysis.  

PubMed

Pharmaceutical drug development is a complex and lengthy process, requiring excellent project and laboratory management skills. Bioanalysis anchors drug safety and efficacy with systemic and site of action exposures. Development of scientific talent and a willingness to innovate or adopt new technology is essential. Taking unnecessary risks, however, should be avoided. Scientists must strategically assess all risks and find means to minimize or negate them. Laboratory Managers must keep abreast of ever-changing technology. Investments in instrumentation and laboratory design are critical catalysts to efficiency and safety. Matrix management requires regular communication between Project Managers and Laboratory Managers. When properly executed, it aligns the best resources at the right times for a successful outcome. Attention to detail is a critical aspect that separates excellent laboratories. Each assay is unique and requires attention in its development, validation and execution. Methods, training and facilities are the foundation of a bioanalytical laboratory. PMID:24958120

Unger, Steve; Lloyd, Thomas; Tan, Melvin; Hou, Jingguo; Wells, Edward

2014-05-01

438

The TOKEn project: knowledge synthesis for in silico science  

PubMed Central

Objective The conduct of investigational studies that involve large-scale data sets presents significant challenges related to the discovery and testing of novel hypotheses capable of supporting in silico discovery science. The use of what are known as Conceptual Knowledge Discovery in Databases (CKDD) methods provides a potential means of scaling hypothesis discovery and testing approaches for large data sets. Such methods enable the high-throughput generation and evaluation of knowledge-anchored relationships between complexes of variables found in targeted data sets. Methods The authors have conducted a multipart model formulation and validation process, focusing on the development of a methodological and technical approach to using CKDD to support hypothesis discovery for in silico science. The model the authors have developed is known as the Translational Ontology-anchored Knowledge Discovery Engine (TOKEn). This model utilizes a specific CKDD approach known as Constructive Induction to identify and prioritize potential hypotheses related to the meaningful semantic relationships between variables found in large-scale and heterogeneous biomedical data sets. Results The authors have verified and validated TOKEn in the context of a translational research data repository maintained by the NCI-funded Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Research Consortium. Such studies have shown that TOKEn is: (1) computationally tractable; and (2) able to generate valid and potentially useful hypotheses concerning relationships between phenotypic and biomolecular variables in that data collection. Conclusions The TOKEn model represents a potentially useful and systematic approach to knowledge synthesis for in silico discovery science in the context of large-scale and multidimensional research data sets. PMID:21984589

Borlawsky, Tara B; Lele, Omkar; James, Stephen; Greaves, Andrew W

2011-01-01

439

Open Directory Project: Science Resources for Kids and Teens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of links provides access to a variety of online science resources for students at all levels. The resources are organized by type (class web pages, experiments, news articles, and others) and by subject (animals, computers, living things, and others). There is also a small collection of links to magazines and e-zines. For non English speakers, the site provides links to resources in a number of languages (Chinese Simplified, Czech, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish), organized by the same subject categories.

2005-02-26

440

Starting a research project for a new environmental science major.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Springfield College is a small private liberal arts college located two miles from downtown Springfield Massachusetts. The college is currently in the process of starting an environmental science program of which I am one of two faculty, I have a cohort in Biology. Springfield College is on the banks of a two mile long lake called Lake Massasoit. Lake Massasoit has seven miles of shorelines and 186 surface acres. The pond was formed by damming the Mill River, which flows out of the western most end and continues 1.25 miles until its confluence with the Connecticut River. The college is currently in the process of starting an environmental science program of which I am one of two faculty, I have a cohort in Biology. Springfield College is on the banks of a 2 mile lake called Lake Massasoit. Lake Massasoit has 7 miles of shorelines and 186 surface acres The pond was formed by damming the Mill River, which flows out of the western most end and continues 1.25 miles until its confluence with the Connecticut River. Lake Massasoit's location in an urban residential area makes it susceptible to a high input of pollutants.

Eileen McGowan

441

Special Advanced Course for Core Sciences to Bring Up Project Leaders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Special Advanced Course for Core Sciences has been introduced recently to Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, to bring up a project leader. The following points are key education goals in this program : (1) knowledge of core sciences, (2) communication ability by using English, and (3) wide viewpoints for researches. In order to accomplish these goals, several lectures for core sciences, patent systems and engineering ethics as well as long term internships by the collaboration with some regional companies have been put in practice. In this paper, we describe the outline of the program, educational effects, and our experiences. Then, we discuss how effective the program is for bringing up an engineer or a scientist who can lead sciences and technologies of their domains. This paper also describes current activities of the program.

Inagaki, Kenji; Tabata, Nobuhisa; Gofuku, Akio; Harada, Isao; Takada, Jun

442

Factors affecting construction of science discourse in the context of an extracurricular science and technology project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Doing and learning science are social activities that require certain language, activities, and values. Both constitute what Gee (2005) calls Discourses. The language of learning science varies with the learning context (Lemke, 2001,1990). Science for All Americans (AAAS, 1990) and Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 2000) endorse inquiry science learning. In the United States, most science learning is teacher-centered; inquiry science learning is rare (NRC, 2000). This study focused on 12 high school students from two suburban high schools, their three faculty mentors, and two engineering mentors during an extracurricular robotics activity with FIRST Robotics Competition (FRC). FRC employed student-centered inquiry focus to teach science principles integrating technology. Research questions were (a) How do science teachers and their students enact Discourses as they teach and learn science? and (b) How does the pedagogical approach of a learning activity facilitate the Discourses that are enacted by students and teachers as they learn and teach science? Using Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), the study examined participants' language during robotic activities to determine how language used in learning science shaped the learning and vice versa. Data sources included videorecordings of participant language and semi-structured interviews with study participants. Transcribed recordings were coded initially using Gee's (2005) linguistic Building Tasks as a priori codes. CDA was applied to code transcripts, to construct Discourses enacted by the participants, and to determine how context facilitated their enactment. Findings indicated that, for the students, FRC facilitated elements of Science Discourse. Wild About Robotics (W.A.R.) team became, through FRC, part of a community similar to scientists' community that promoted knowledge and sound practices, disseminated information, supported research and development and encouraged interaction of its members. The public school science classroom in the U.S. is inimical to inquiry learning because of practices and policies associated with the epistemological stance that spawned the standards and/or testing movement and No Child Left Behind (Baez & Boyles, 2009). The findings of this study provided concrete ideas to accommodate the recommendations by NRC (1996) and NSES (2000) for creating contexts that might lead to inquiry science learning for meaningful student engagement.

Webb, Horace P.

443

Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet. TB 07-6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected sources in this bibliography provide guidance to students, parents, and teachers throughout the process of planning, developing, implementing and competing in science fair activities. Sources range in suitability from elementary to high school levels. This guide updates "Library of Congress Science Tracer Bullet" 01-4. More specialized…

Howland, Joyce, Comp.

2007-01-01

444

From Engineering Science to Big Science: The NACA and NASA Collier Trophy Research Project Winners  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The chapters of this book discuss a series of case studies of notable technological projects carried out at least in part by the NACA and NASA. The case studies chosen are those projects that won the National Aeronautic Association's (NAA) Collier Trophy for "the greatest achievement in aviation in America, the value of which has been thoroughly demonstrated by use during the preceding year." Looking back on the whole series of projects we can examine both what successes were seen as important at various times, and how the goals and organization of these notable projects changed over time.

Mack, Pamela E. (Editor)

1998-01-01

445

Assessing student learning in project-based science classrooms: Development and administration of written assessments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on the development and administration of written pre and post assessments to help evaluate student learning in some Chicago-area classrooms using project- based science units. Written assessments administered to large numbers of students can play a meaningful role in a comprehensive evaluation effort that includes multiple methods and levels of assessment. We describe the development of assessments

Phillip Herman; Scott MacKenzie; Bruce Sherin; Brian Reiser

446

Science Teachers' Meaning-Making When Involved in a School-Based Professional Development Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of teachers' meaning-making when they are collaboratively analyzing artifacts from practice in local science classrooms in a school-based professional development (PD) project is examined through repeated interviews and represented as meaning-making maps. The interpretation of the teachers' meaning-making includes both their reference to…

Nielsen, Birgitte Lund

2012-01-01

447

Use of Semester-Long Data/Research Projects in Introductory Earth Science Courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Semester long research projects as a partial substitute for traditional laboratory exercises have been implemented in two, two-semester long Introductory Earth Science sequences. At the end of each semester of study, students are required to prepare a poster presentation and a short oral presentation of their results. This exercise is to simulate a poster session at a professional, scientific conference.

448

Unit Messengers, First Trial Materials, Inspection Set, [Australian Science Education Project].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Science Education Project is producing material designed for use in grades 7-10 of Australian schools. This is the first trial version of a unit concerned with sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. The teacher's guide outlines the use of the two booklets ("Messengers" and "Use of the Senses") intended for all students, where…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

449

Clinical Laboratory Sciences Discipline Advisory Group Final Report. Kentucky Allied Health Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the clinical laboratory sciences in Kentucky and articulation within the field are examined, based on the Kentucky Allied Health Project (KAHP), which designed an articulated statewide system to promote entry and exit of personnel at a variety of educational levels. The KAHP model promotes articulation in learning, planning, and…

Kentucky Council on Public Higher Education, Frankfort.

450

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

451

Project Report on a Korean Science & Technology Thesaurus with Conceptual\\/Relational Facets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our project has a long-term plan to construct a Korean science & technology thesaurus from 2005 to 2010. For designing an elaborated the- saurus, we introduce conceptual and relational facets which are excluded or partially included in WordNet, Core-Net, and other thesauri con- structed by Chung et al. (2002) and Lee et al. (2000).

Hanmin Jung; Won-Kyung Sung; Dong-In Park

452

Science and Technology Concepts in a Design and Technology Project: a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Curriculum for Design and Technology (D&T) assumes that technological conceptual knowledge and knowledge learned in subjects such as science can be used in D&T tasks. There exists little help to teachers from the National Curriculum or other sources about how such knowledge should be developed or used. This pilot study of a project, involving the design and make

Ralph Levinson; Patricia Murphy; Robert McCormigk

1997-01-01

453

Oregon's Technical, Human, and Organizational Networking Infrastructure for Science and Mathematics: A Planning Project. Benchmark Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of reports is part of a planning project that aims to establish a coalition of organizations and key people who can work together to bring computerized telecommunications (CT) to Oregon as a teaching tool for science and mathematics teachers and students, and to give that coalition practical ideas for proposals to make CT a…

Lamb, William G., Ed.

454

Children's Ideas about Hot and Cold. Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 127.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project (Primary)--LISP(P)--investigated the ideas and interests children have about hot and cold. Data were obtained from 25 children (12 boys and 13 girls), ages 8 to 11, using the "interview-about-instances" (IAI) procedure. Areas investigated included: (1) the meanings of the words "hot,""cold,""colder,""hotter," and…

Appleton, Ken

455

Unit The World of the Soil, First Trial Materials, Inspection Set, [Australian Science Education Project].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Science Education project is producing materials designed for use in grades 7 - 10 of Australian schools. This is the first trial version of a unit expected to take about 20 40-minute periods to complete. Included are a teacher's guide to the unit, four pupil booklets ("Looking at Soils,""Things to do With Soils,""What is it…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

456

Animal, Plant, Living: Notes for Teachers. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 30.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project investigated the proportion of students at different ages who considered a horse, person, dolphin, worm, and spider to be animals. Although scientists would agree that they are indeed animals, findings indicate that many students of varying ages did not consider them to be animals; similar findings were reported for…

Bell, Beverley

457

The Biome Project: Developing a Legitimate Parallel Curriculum for Physical Education and Life Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe the outcomes of a parallel curriculum project between life sciences and physical education. Throughout a 6-week period, students in grades two through five became members of teams that represented different animal species and biomes, and concurrently participated in a season of gymnastics skills and…

Hastie, Peter Andrew

2013-01-01

458

Making Room for Science in the Classroom. Project M.A.S.T.E.R. I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is often stated that science does not have a central place in the elementary school curriculum, unlike other subjects such as reading, writing, and arithmetic. In response to this concern, a project in Indiana is underway to develop a variety of approaches which integrate new materials, methods, and modes of teaching into the elementary school…

Community Education Roundtable of St. Joseph County, Inc. IN.

459

Accelerated Math and Science Program Improvement Project Evaluation Report YR2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Accelerated Math and Science (AMS) Project is a 3 year program funded by the California Migrant Education Program Improvement Program. It targets 6th, 7th, and 8th grade low-achieving migrant students who are 2 to 4 years behind their language peer group. Two questions guided the second year evaluation study for the Region IX Migrant Education…

Ochoa, Alberto M.

460

Science Experiments on File. Experiments, Demonstrations and Projects for School and Home.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, addressed to students for their independent use as well as to teachers as a supplement to the standard texts, contains nearly 100 practical science experiments that cover a wide range of subjects at different grade and ability levels. It is designed to involve students in active scientific experimentation, demonstrations, and projects

Tyler, Vicki, Ed.

461

A Community-University Exchange Project Modeled after Europe's Science Shops  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a pilot project of the Morgridge Center for Public Service at the University of Wisconsin-Madison for a new structure for community-based learning and research. It is based on the European-derived science shop model for democratizing campus-community partnerships using shared values of mutual respect and validation of…

Tryon, Elizabeth; Ross, J. Ashleigh

2012-01-01

462

Science Fair Projects Bring It All Together: Collaboration, Information Literacy, and Public Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of school library media specialists in helping students with science fair projects. Topics include selecting a topic; reviewing basic library resources, including print and electronic; remote access to databases; locating information on the Web; word processing and presentation software; and relevant Web sites. (LRW)

Young, Terrence E., Jr.

2000-01-01

463

A Climate for Learning Science. Concept Paper. SEL (The Skills Essential to Learning Project) Phase II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commissioned for use during the design phase of the "Skills Essential to Learning" (SEL) video project, this concept paper makes a number of suggestions for facilitating effective scientific learning. These include: (1) establishing a positive climate for science learning in which the student can ask and pursue questions, change routes, sources…

Goldberg, Lazer

464

Primary School Childrens' Ideas about Spiders. Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 108.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project (Primary)--LISP(P)--investigated the questions and explanations primary children have about spiders. The data comprise 112 questions and 104 explanations (included in appendices) offered by children after being shown a picture of a spider. Additional data were collected during individual interviews with 18 students.…

Biddulph, Fred

465

Studies I: Characteristics of Successful Student/Teacher Interaction in Marine Science Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes initial steps to determine characteristics of students and teachers with award-winning marine science projects selected by the National Marine Education Association. Thirteen student/sponsor pairs (1 zoo employee, 1 marine research employee, 11 high school teachers) completed instruments assessing learning/teaching styles, attitudes, and…

Wheatley, Jack; And Others

1985-01-01

466

Teaching Botanical Identification to Adults: Experiences of the UK Participatory Science Project "Open Air Laboratories"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taxonomic education and botany are increasingly neglected in schools and universities, leading to a "missed generation" of adults that cannot identify organisms, especially plants. This study pilots three methods for teaching identification of native plant species to forty-three adults engaged in the participatory science project "Open Air…

Stagg, Bethan C.; Donkin, Maria

2013-01-01

467

Power and Energy. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

468

Children and their 4-H animal projects: How children use science in agricultural activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many children are introduced to science through informal educational programs. 4-H, an educational youth program, has a history of introducing scientific practices into agriculture. The purpose of this ethnographically-driven case study is to examine how science informs the actions of children raising market animals in a 4-H project. For two years the researcher collected data on 4-H children with market animal projects. Observations, interviews, and artifacts gathered are interpreted using the framework of activity theory. This study provides evidence for how the context of an activity system influences individual actions. Rules developed by the organization guide the actions of children to incorporate physical and psychological tools of science into their project to achieve the object: producing animals of proper weight and quality to be competitive in the county fair. Children learn the necessary actions from a community of practitioners through which expertise is distributed. Children's learning is demonstrated by the way their participation in their project changes with time, from receiving assistance from others to developing expertise in which they provide assistance to others. The strength of this educational experience is how children apply specific tools of science in ways that provide meaning and relevancy to their 4-H activity.

Emo, Kenneth Roy

469

Children's Ideas about "Metals." Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 112.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of metals is frequently taught in primary schools. However, when metals are suggested as one of a series of topics for study, students often initially show little enthusiasm for the topic. To determine the ideas that children have about metals the Learning in Science Project (Primary)--LISP(P)--interviewed thirty-eight 9- to 10-year-old…

Biddulph, Fred; Osborne, Roger

470

EXPOSING STUDENTS AND TEACHERS TO SCIENCE WITH SHORT TERM BARLEY GENE MAPPING PROJECTS.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Many universities sponsor science research programs during the summers to provide hands-on laboratory experience to high school students and teachers. Our objective was to design a project that exposes the students to the full range of research, from developing and testing a hypothesis through prese...

471

High school teacher change, strategies, and actions in a professional development project connecting mathematics, science, and engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Pathways, an NSF Math Science Partnership professional development project, uses four semester-long courses and professional learning communities (PLCs) with the goal of enhancing teacher knowledge, skills and practice. The unifying concept of function is applied to promote conceptual competence in core content subjects and key problem solving processes. Modules integrating math, science, and engineering are delivered in team-based studio

Steve Krause; Robert Culbertson; Mike Oehrtman; Marilyn Carlson

2008-01-01

472

Communicating through humour: A project of stand-up comedy about science.  

PubMed

A study of a project on science stand-up comedy developed in Portugal between 2009 and 2013 is presented, in which thirteen scientists, coordinated by a science communicator and a professional actor, created and presented comedy acts. Eleven of these scientists were asked about their motivations to participate, the process of performance development and the perceived value of the project. Personal motivations were highly important, but professional reasons were also mentioned. Working in a group with the guidance of coordinators, testing and re-writing the texts and gradually gaining confidence on stage were considered fundamental in the development of the shows. Additionally, a questionnaire revealed that the audience, most of whom were young adults, and held a higher education degree, were satisfied with the show. Overall, both participating scientists and audience members considered that stand-up comedy has potential for science communication. PMID:24327672

Pinto, Bruno; Marçal, David; Vaz, Sofia G

2013-12-01

473

The Navajo Learning Network and the NASA Life Sciences/AFOSR Infrastructure Development Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NSF-funded Navajo Learning Network project, with help from NASA Life Sciences and AFOSR, enabled Dine College to take a giant leap forward technologically - in a way that could never had been possible had these projects been managed separately. The combination of these and other efforts created a network of over 500 computers located at ten sites across the Navajo reservation. Additionally, the college was able to install a modern telephone system which shares network data, and purchase a new higher education management system. The NASA Life Sciences funds further allowed the college library system to go online and become available to the entire campus community. NSF, NASA and AFOSR are committed to improving minority access to higher education opportunities and promoting faculty development and undergraduate research through infrastructure support and development. This project has begun to address critical inequalities in access to science, mathematics, engineering and technology for Navajo students and educators. As a result, Navajo K-12 education has been bolstered and Dine College will therefore better prepare students to transfer successfully to four-year institutions. Due to the integration of the NSF and NASA/AFOSR components of the project, a unified project report is appropriate.

1999-01-01

474

Possible use of foresight, understanding, and planning by wolves hunting muskoxen  

USGS Publications Warehouse

On Ellesmere Island in 2006, arctic wolves (Canis lupus arctos) were observed making a two-pronged approach to a herd of muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) and, on another occasion, ambushing muskoxen. Both observations seemed to provide evidence that the wolves were using foresight, understanding, and planning. Although the possible use of insight and purposiveness has been documented in captive wolves, the present report is one of the few to document the possibility that free-ranging wolves use these other three mental processes. ?? The Arctic Institute of North America.

Mech, L.D.

2007-01-01

475

Negotiating ownership: Understanding the cultivation of student ownership in an urban science video project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intention of this study is to define student ownership in an informal science learning setting in a low performing middle school in New York City, to investigate what characterizes such ownership, and to determine how to cultivate it. In addition, I am interested in investigating the effects of the students' sense of ownership on their sense of self, in relation to the study and the practice of science and the role of race in power in framing the context in which ownership is cultivated. This is a qualitative study; specifically I apply a critical ethnography framework for both data collection an analysis. This study is based in an informal science video project lasting three years in which two groups of sixth and seventh grade students, made three movies about their perceptions of science, who they felt knew science, and how science related to their lives. In chapter IV, I explain that students' expression of ownership is visible via five main themes. (1) Students viewed themselves in relation to science in ways that are positive, empowering, and full of self-awareness. (2) Students actively and purposefully chose to expend their capital. (3) Students expressed pride around the multiple contexts. (4) Students used the video project to effect positive changes in their lives. (5) Students expressed positive and realistic vision for the role that science played in their lives. In chapter V, I explain that student agency and student ownership share a dialectic relationship in which student agency must be valued to cultivate student ownership and the cultivation of student ownership expands student agency. Lastly, in chapter VII, I explore the role race and power play in framing the context in which ownership is cultivated. Specifically, I argue that in order to cultivate ownership in high-poverty urban science learning environments, the teacher in this environment must be critically reflective of her/his practice and pay particular attention to issues of race and power.

O'Neill, Tara Breckenridge

476

Space science technology: In-situ science. Sample Acquisition, Analysis, and Preservation Project summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Sample Acquisition, Analysis, and Preservation Project is summarized in outline and graphic form. The objective of the project is to develop component and system level technology to enable the unmanned collection, analysis and preservation of physical, chemical and mineralogical data from the surface of planetary bodies. Technology needs and challenges are identified and specific objectives are described.

Aaron, Kim

1991-01-01

477

The Role of Stereo Projection in Developing an Effective Concluding Earth Science Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Remarkably few students enrolled in introductory earth science courses have any intention of continuing in earth science, and for most students, these classes are often the last science course they will take in their academic careers. These students would be better served, if the course was instead designed to be a 'concluding' science course. One that explicitly provided students with the knowledge they need to become more informed citizens in the global community. The University of Minnesota is attempting to develop a national model of an effective 'concluding' earth science course by integrating three essential approaches: use of regional case studies to increase student comprehension; a comprehensive evaluation of students' prior knowledge, misconceptions and post-instructional knowledge that is woven throughout the project; and, an ambitious use of 'GeoWall' stereo projection systems to facilitate the students' use of maps and data sets and level the classroom playing field with regard to spatial conceptualization. In every discipline there are some critical skills or assessments that serve as conscious or unconscious 'gate-keepers' for progress in that field. In earth science, map interpretation is probably the critical restriction curtailing students' ability to access and explore course concepts. So much of our discipline's information is encoded in maps, that students who are not innately predisposed to understanding maps find it difficult to understand much of the course content and methodology. GeoWall stereo projection systems can reduce the efficiency of this 'gate-keeping' process, allowing students of diverse backgrounds and abilities to understand map data and succeed in the course. In doing so, these systems will not only help increase students' scientific literacy, but may also greatly increase the diversity of students who do go on to consider earth science as a potential career.

Kirkby, K. C.; Morin, P. J.; Finley, F.

2003-12-01

478

Turkey's next big science project: DAG the 4 meter telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The DAG (Turkish for Eastern Anatolia Observatory) 4-m telescope project has been formally launched in 2012, being fully funded by the Government of Turkey. This new observatory is to be located on a 3170 m altitude ridge near the town of Erzurum in Eastern Anatolia. First light is scheduled for late 2017. The DAG team's baseline design of the telescope consists of a Ritchey-Chretien type with alt-az mount, a focal length of 56 m and a field of view up to 30 arcmin. Multiple instruments will be located at the Nasmyth foci. The optical specifications of the telescope are set by DAG team for diffraction limited performance with active and adaptive optics. Modern mirror control technologies will allow defining in a most cost effective way the figuring requirements of the optical surfaces: the low order figuring errors of the combined optical train constituted of M1-M2-M3 are defined in terms of Zernike coefficients and referred to the M1 surface area. The high order figuring errors are defined using the phase structure functions. Daytime chilling of the closed enclosure volume and natural ventilation through suitable openings during observations will be used to ensure optimal mirror and dome seeing. A design of a ground layer adaptive optics (GLAO) subsystem is developed concurrently with the telescope. In this paper, main design aspects, the optical design and expected performance analysis of the telescope will be presented.

Keskin, O.; Yesilyaprak, C.; Yerli, S. K.; Zago, L.; Jolissaint, L.

2014-07-01

479

Achieving standards in urban systemic reform: An example of a sixth grade project-based science curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

A challenge for urban systemic reform initiatives in science education has been to achieve local, state, and national standards for teaching and learning. We have collaborated with teachers in the Detroit Public School System to design project-based curriculum materials that contextualize the learning of science in meaningful real-world problems, engage students in science inquiry, and use learning tech- nologies. We

Ann E. Rivet; Joseph S. Krajcik

2004-01-01

480

The Chemicals of the Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

481

Understanding Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

482

Understanding Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Chidume, Kwashira

483

Learning to be a Scientist. Study Guide. Unit A1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide introduces students to…

Stocklmayer, Sue

484

Our Planet Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities,…

Stocklmayer, Sue

485

Our Planet Earth. Study Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

486

York company gets $2 million for efficiency project Industrial Science and Technology Network is one of 58 recent  

E-print Network

York company gets $2 million for efficiency project Industrial Science and Technology Network Specter. Industrial Science and Technology Network has been awarded the money in a recent round of funding. Industrial Science and Technology Network, 2101 Pennsylvania Ave, specializes in using nanotechnology

Gilchrist, James F.

487

Living Things and Their Food. Teacher's Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

488

Living Things and Their Food. Study Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty

489

Energy for Living. Study Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide includes activities and…

Hosking, Bunty

490

Energy for Living. Teacher's Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

491

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam

492

Sense from Senses. Teacher's Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Simango, Sam

493

Atoms and Molecules. Study Guide. Unit 2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a four-part unit…

Mandizha, George

494

Learning Science in Grades 3-8 Using Probeware and Computers: Findings from the TEEMSS II Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technology Enhanced Elementary and Middle School Science II project (TEEMSS), funded by the National Science Foundation, produced 15 inquiry-based instructional science units for teaching in grades 3-8. Each unit uses computers and probeware to support students' investigations of real-world phenomena using probes (e.g., for temperature or…

Zucker, Andrew A.; Tinker, Robert; Staudt, Carolyn; Mansfield, Amie; Metcalf, Shari

2008-01-01

495

Using Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Chidume, Kwashira

496

Using Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

497

Marshak Lectureship Talk: SESAME: An International Collaborative Science Project in the Middle East  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this talk I will speak about the international collaborative science project SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East). SESAME is being developed under the umbrella of UNESCO and is modeled closely on CERN. The first beam line will be operational in 2012. Several hundred scientists from the region and other parts of the world are expected to use this facility, which will cover disciplines ranging from archaeology to the medical sciences and nanotechnology. The members of SESAME are (Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Pakistan, Turkey). This makes SESAME a unique multidisciplinary centre in this part of the world. In addition, I will talk about the Nanotechnology Research at Al-Quds University, and my views on science and politics, and international collaboration, in a volatile environment like the Middle East. )

Sowwan, Mukhles

2010-02-01

498

The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope project and its early science opportunities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Science (NAOC), has started building the largest antenna in the world. Known as FAST, the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope is a Chinese mega-science project funded by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). FAST also represents part of Chinese contribution to the international efforts to build the square kilometer array (SKA). Upon its finishing around September of 2016, FAST will be the most sensitive single-dish radio telescope in the low frequency radio bands between 70 MHz and 3 GHz. The design specifications of FAST, its expected capabilities, and its main scientific aspirations were described in an overview paper by Nan et al. (2011). In this paper, we briefly review the design and the key science goals of FAST, speculate the likely limitations at the initial stages of FAST operation, and discuss the opportunities for astronomical discoveries in the so-called early science phase.

Li, Di; Nan, Rendong; Pan, Zhichen

2013-03-01

499

Science Roles and Interactions in Adaptive Management of Large River Restoration Projects, Midwest United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most large-river restoration projects include formal or informal implementations of adaptive management strategies which acknowledge uncertainty and use scientific inquiry to learn and refine management options. Although the central role of science in reducing uncertainty is acknowledged in such projects, specific roles and interactions can vary widely, including how science relates to decision-making within the governance of these projects. Our objective is to present some structured generalizations about science roles and interactions as developed from the authors’ experiences in adaptive management of large river restoration in the Midwest United States. Scientific information may be introduced into decision making by scientists acting in any of the three roles common to adaptive management -- action agency representative, stakeholder, or science provider. We have observed that confusion and gridlock can arise when it is unclear if a scientist is acting as an advocate for a stakeholder or management position, or instead as an independent, “honest broker” of science. Although both advocacy and independence are proper and expected in public decision making, it is useful when scientists unambiguously identify their role. While complete scientific independence may be illusory, transparency and peer review can promote the ideal. Transparency comes from setting clear directions and objectives at the decision-making level and defining at the outset how learning will help assess progress and inform decisions. Independent peer reviews of proposals, study plans, and publications serve as a powerful tool to advance scientific independence, even if funding sources present a potential conflict of interest. Selection of experts for scientific advice and review often requires consideration of the balance between benefits of the “outside” expert (independent, knowledgeable but with little specific understanding of the river system), compared to those provided by the “inside” expert (specifically knowledgeable but may be perceived as lacking independence). Both perspectives are important and can be accommodated in larger programs. Several river restoration programs in the Midwest have evolved towards hierarchical structures with transient peer-review panels with inside and outside experts invoked at the project level, and standing science advisory committees composed of outside experts for perspective of the entire program. The standing committee may have a variety of roles including providing: a) perspective on how individual restoration contribute to holistic, system-wide restoration objectives, b) understanding of how the science portfolio could be prioritized and diversified, and c) explanation and outreach to managers, stakeholders, scientists, and the public. Investments in rigorous science and science review can be considerable, amounting to over 20 percent of total restoration costs in large restoration programs. Justification depends on whether this investment is effective in informing decision making and providing an improved scientific foundation for restoration.

Jacobson, R. B.; Galat, D. L.; Smith, C. B.

2010-12-01

500

Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on science instruction and technology: "A 3-D Journey in Space: A New Visual Cognitive Adventure" (Yoav Yair, Rachel Mintz, and Shai Litvak); "Using Collaborative Inquiry and Interactive Technologies in an Environmental Science Project for Middle School Teachers: A Description and Analysis" (Patricia…

Roach, Linda E., Ed.