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1

The origins of the concept of ‘foresight’ in science and technology: An insider's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how the term ‘foresight’ originally came to be used in connection with science and technology by the author and SPRU colleagues in 1983. It analyses how the rationale for its use evolved over time, first providing a ‘catchy’ title for a study (‘Project Foresight’), and then a convenient shorthand for the focus of that study, before eventually

Ben R. Martin

2010-01-01

2

Foresight in science and technology policy as participatory policy analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study the methods used for participative policy analyses in the field of science and technology policy in the Netherlands are evaluated. It is necessary to know in what sense the field of science and technology policy differs from other policy fields. In this paper foresights are considered as a form of participatory policy analyses. The foresight process in

D. Tijink

1996-01-01

3

FORESIGHT: A Business Approach to Improving Forensic Science Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managers of scientific laboratories see themselves as scientists first and managers second; consequently, they tend to devalue the managerial aspects of their jobs. Forensic laboratory managers are no different, but the stakes may be much higher given the importance of quality science to the criminal justice system. The need for training and support in forensic laboratory management has been recognized

Max M. Houck; Richard A. Riley; Tom S. Witt

2009-01-01

4

Energy Foresight as Support for European Policy Making. Some Key Challenges  

E-print Network

· how to prepare for disruptive changes? #12;My background in Foresight Foresight projects 1. Sensor technology foresight 2. EU 5th FWP: EXTOOL, Experience curves in wind energy technologies 3. Ringkjoebing technology foresight 6. Cognition and robotics foresight 7. EU 6th FWP: Roads2HyCom 8. Regional agriculture

5

obesity reviews This paper was commissioned by the Foresight programme of the Office of Science and Innovation, Department of Trade and Industry  

E-print Network

obesity reviews This paper was commissioned by the Foresight programme of the Office of Science with permission Journal compilation � 2007 The International Association for the Study of Obesity. obesity reviews; published with permission; Journal compilation � 2007 The International Association for the Study of Obesity

Rolls, Edmund T.

6

The Origin of Foresight  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to develop a framework for the origin of foresight. Following a review of arguments for foresight as genetically inherited versus environmentally acquired, the understanding of foresight is expanded through a behaviorist perspective and through an evolutionary perspective. The framework established makes it possible to deploy evolutionary logic to explain foresight as well as to

Martin Amsteus

2012-01-01

7

Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products  

E-print Network

Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products and materials - The challenges of Denmark. Working Report No. 34 2006 #12;The Danish Environmental Protection Agency will, when opportunity offers, publish reports and contributions relating to environmental research and development projects

8

Foresight in cultural evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critics of Darwinian cultural evolution frequently assert that whereas biological evolution is blind and undirected, cultural\\u000a change is directed or guided by people who possess foresight, thereby invalidating any Darwinian analysis of culture. Here\\u000a I show this argument to be erroneous and unsupported in several respects. First, critics commonly conflate human foresight\\u000a with supernatural clairvoyance, resulting in the premature rejection

Alex Mesoudi

2008-01-01

9

Science in Schools Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a program to increase learning and engagement in science classes 124 Victorian schools are trialing a best practice teaching model. The Science in Schools Research Project is a DEET funded project under the Science in Schools Strategy, developed in response to recent research and policy decisions at national and state levels through which literacy, numeracy and science

Mike Waugh

2002-01-01

10

Weekend Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weekend plans...every family has them. Whether it's fishing, swimming, or simply picnicking by the river, water plays a significant role in many recreational endeavors. Encouraging students and their families to use their "scientific eyes" to explore these wonderful wet places is what Weekend Science Project is all about. Weekend Science Project

Santos, Karey

2012-01-01

11

Exploring Science Project ideas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is one page that gives resources that will help you to find ideas to do in Exploring Science. There are thousands of resources to choose from all over the internet, finding them can be challenging. Here are a list of sites that can help you get started: Science Buddies has a program that can help you find a project based on your interests. you can find it here:Science Buddies Program that suggests projects and resources based on your interests Here is a list of science fair project ideas on a university website that can hep you get ...

Macmurdo, Mr.

2009-03-11

12

Foresight Institute: Nanotechnology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Foresight Institute is "a nonprofit educational organization formed to help prepare society for anticipated advanced technologies." They offer this comprehensive webpage on nanotechnology, addressing why nanotechnology might be important to you, and providing information for the General Reader, the Technical Reader and other resources on technical issues, jobs, education, policy issues, potential applications of nanotechnology, and the History of the Nanotechnology Idea. Other readings, discussion platforms and websites are also listed.

13

Open Directory Project: Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Open Directory Project is a volunteer-edited directory of the Web. This section of the site enables the user to browse the Directory's Science pages. The links are organized alphabetically by type (academic departments, chat rooms and forums, educational resources, news and media, and so forth) and by topic (agriculture, astronomy, biology, chemistry, computer science, Earth sciences, and so forth). From this page users can also search either the entire Directory, the Science section, or a topical subsection of Science. The page also offers browsing of similarly organized Science links in a choice of 74 languages, including Arabic, Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

2001-02-17

14

Foresight Infectious Diseases China Project--a novel approach to anticipating future trends in risk of infectious diseases in China: methodology and results from an initial application.  

PubMed

The project devised a simple but novel methodology for identifying possible future trends in infectious diseases in animals and humans in China, of priority concern to the Chinese authorities. It used a model of disease drivers (social, economic, biological or environmental factors that affect disease outcomes, by changing the behaviour of diseases, sources or pathways) devised for the Foresight Programme in the United Kingdom. Nine families of drivers were adapted to Chinese circumstances and matrices were constructed to identify the likely relationship of single infectious diseases or families of diseases to the drivers. The likely future trends in those drivers in China were determined by interviews with 36 independent Chinese experts. These trends included not only potentially adverse animal and human movements but also opportunities for innovative surveillance methods, more use of hospitals, antimicrobials and vaccines. Some human behaviours and social trends were expected to increase the risk of infections (in particular sexually transmitted and healthcare-associated infections) while at the same time the experts thought the awareness of risk in the Chinese population would increase. The results suggested a number of areas where the Chinese authorities may experience difficulties in the future, such as rising numbers of healthcare-associated infections, zoonoses and other emerging diseases and sexually transmitted infections (including HIV). Not making firm predictions, this work identifies priority disease groups requiring surveillance and consideration of countermeasures as well as recommending strengthening basic surveillance and response mechanisms for unanticipatable zoonoses and other emerging disease threats. PMID:19589327

Nicoll, A; Huang, J; Xie, Z

2009-07-01

15

Science in Schools Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a program to increase learning and engagement in science classes 124 Victorian schools are trialing a best practice teaching model. The Science in Schools Research Project is a DEET funded project under the Science in Schools Strategy, developed in response to recent research and policy decisions at national and state levels through which literacy, numeracy and science have been identified as key priorities for learning. This major science research project aims to identify, develop and trial best practice in Science teaching and learning. The Department will then be able to provide clear advice to Victoria's schools that can be adopted and sustained to: * enhance teaching and learning of Science * enhance student learning outcomes in Science at all year levels * increase student access to, and participation in Science learning from Prep through to Year 10, and hence in the VCE as well. The nature of the SiS program will be detailed with specific reference to the innovative programs in solar model cars, robotics and environmental science developed at Forest Hill College in response to this project.

Waugh, Mike

16

Molecular Science Project, The  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Molecular Science Project is an NSF systemic-reform initiative. Molecular Science has developed digital instructional materials and tools for college-level chemistry courses. Instructors can select learning units and use them to supplement traditional instruction or as the sole source of instruction in electronic classrooms.

17

Science Explorers Translation Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a pilot project of Los Alamos National Laboratory (New Mexico) to translate a science education curriculum for junior and senior high school students into Navajo. The project consisted of translating a video, a teacher's guide, and an interactive multimedia product on the 1993 hantavirus outbreak in the Four Corners area…

Jacobs, Dolores

18

Science Fair Projects: Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose.Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or sometimes

Helen Reynolds

2000-01-01

19

Conservation Science Fair Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are ideas, suggestions, and examples for selecting and designing conservation science projects. Over 70 possible conservation subject areas are presented with suggested projects. References are cited with each of these subject areas, and a separate list of annotated references is included. The references pertain to general subject…

Soil Conservation Society of America, Ankeny, IA.

20

MASTER OF SCIENCE Enterprise Project  

E-print Network

MASTER OF SCIENCE Enterprise Project Management PROJECT YOUR FUTURE #12;Stevens Project Management Legacy Master of Science in Enterprise Project Management At Stevens, we understand the value of project. The Master of Science in Enterprise Project Management (MS-EPM) is a 36-credit degree that goes beyond

Yang, Eui-Hyeok

21

The Science Club: Kids' Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of science projects covers electricity and magnets, optics, and other physical science topics. The projects are arranged by simple, medium, and advanced skill levels, and include videos that show the materials used and how the experiment is performed. There are also links to other science project websites and to sites where materials for the projects may be purchased.

Beaty, William J.

22

Science Teacher Project Exchange  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is a place for teachers to share project based high school curriculum. These activities, resources and assessments can be adapted for the middle school level also. Areas include: -Visual & Performing Arts, -Science, -Language Arts, -Social Studies, -Mathematics, -Digital Design, and -World Language.

2010-05-26

23

Earth Science: 49 Science Fair Projects Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers a large collection of Earth science projects and project ideas for students, teachers, and parents. The projects described are complete but can also be used as spring boards to create expanded projects. Overviews, organizational direction, suggested hypotheses, materials, procedures, and controls are provided. The projects

Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

24

NORDIC HYDROGEN ENERGY FORESIGHT CHALLENGES OF MANAGING THE INTERACTIVE PROCESS  

E-print Network

included a series of interactive workshops, supported by systems analysis and assessment of technical to the strategic intelligence of the Nordic knowledge region in issues related to wellbeing and sustainable Energy Foresight project was based on multiple research traditions on innovation systems and processes

25

Project Earth Science: Meteorology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The forecast for learning meteorology is bright! With nineteen hands-on activities, ten readings, and a thorough resource guide, Project Earth Science: Meteorology brings the atmosphere right into the classroom. Designed for small budgets, Meteorology is teacher-written and classroom-tested, with ready-to-use, self-directed activities. These activities require students to make clouds and hail; build weather maps; and understand the causes of smog, ozone depletion, and acid rain. Whether it's exploring basic principles or following real-world examples, your students will agree--discovering how weather works was never this much fun!

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. S.

2001-01-01

26

Gifted Science Project: Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document contains the evaluation report on the Gifted Science Project in Montgomery County, Maryland, a program to identify resources for students in grades 3-8 who are motivated in science. The Project's primary product is a Project Resource File (PRF) listing people, places, and published materials that can be used by individual students. An…

Ott, Susan L.; Emanuel, Elizabeth, Ed.

27

Science Fair Projects: The Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book approaches the development of science fair projects from the point of view that science should be enjoyable, interesting, and thought-provoking. The scientific concepts introduced here will later help young students to understand more advanced scientific principles. These projects develop skills such as classification, making measured…

Bonnet, Bob; Keen, Dan

28

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department  

E-print Network

Condor Project Computer Sciences Department University of Wisconsin-Madison Dynamic Slot Tutorial not good > Job requirements: hRequirements = memory > 2048 > How to steer small jobs to small slot? hTrivia

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

29

ScienceDesk Project Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA's ScienceDesk Project at the Ames Research Center is responsible for scientific knowledge management which includes ensuring the capture, preservation, and traceability of scientific knowledge. Other responsibilities include: (1) Maintaining uniform ...

R. M. Keller

2000-01-01

30

Integral futures: breadth plus depth equals foresight with insight  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Foresight Institute has brought out a collection of essays that provide a wonderful introduction into the realm of integral thinking as being brought into foresight and futures studies. They suggest a broader, more-encompassing framework for understanding the future and providing context for what's going on today. Two essays explore foresight in everyday life and conclude that “foresight is

Andy Hines

2004-01-01

31

Science; Elementary Pilot Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Elementary grades. SUBJECT MATTER: Science. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The first half of the guide is divided into seven phases which appear to be consecutive. Commercially published units listed in these phases are then described briefly in a list which occupies the second half of the guide. The guide is xeroxed and…

Keeler, Douglas; And Others

32

Nordic H2 Energy Foresight Action Report  

E-print Network

should take an active role in promoting the successful introduction of hydrogen energy and in exploiting solutions and their application. The foresight exercise also provides means for developing Nordic networks

33

Private Universe Project in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of educational videos about teaching science was produced by the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. It is offered as part of the Annenberg Learner initiative and explores "the reasons why teaching science is so difficult." The series contains nine 90-minute workshops containing information about classroom activities, teaching suggestions, and so on. The titles here include "Physics: Hands-On/Minds-On Learning" and "Chemistry: A House With No Foundation." The site includes links to Related Resources and a rather fine project lab that can be used to help students learn about the phases of the Moon and the reasons for the seasons.

34

Science teacher enhancement project (STEP)  

SciTech Connect

STEP, a National Science Foundation-funded initiative, forms an alliance between the three private Virginia Historically Black Colleges (Hampton University, Virginia Union University, and Saint Paul`s College) and nine school divisions, to increase the capabilities of middle school science teachers. Clearly articulated roles of each partner, and the inclusion of all partners in program planning has been invaluable. A unique feature of this project is the careful tailoring of the program to meet the needs of each school division, effected by ongoing communication between all of the partners. The program effected by ongoing communication between all of the partners. The program includes a Lead Teacher and Teacher Trainee component, and emphasizes science content, using a hands-on approach. In addition to science content, the Lead Teachers receive training in leadership, proposal writing, and pedagogical enrichment responsive to the curriculum change directions in science education, especially as it relates to minority and at-risk students. The enrichment is provided by university scientists and educators, through summer institutes and academic year workshops. Results include: use of new technologies in the classroom, cross-grade communication, use of university scientists as presenters for family science programs, and improved knowledge.

Ramsey, P.P.; Bowman, A.W. [Hampton Univ., VA (United States)

1994-12-31

35

NEW IDEAS FOR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS GUIDE FOR THE SCIENCE FAIR PARTICIPANTS BEGINS WITH A CHAPTER ON THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND THE SCIENCE FAIR, AND CONTINUES THROUGH THE FIVE CHAPTERS OF PART ONE, PLANNING AND EXECUTING YOUR PROJECT, TO EXPLAIN THE DETAILS INVOLVED IN SELECTING, DEVELOPING, AND EXHIBITING A PROJECT. PART II OF THE VOLUME CONSIDERS THE STRUCTURE OF SCIENCE

FARMER, ROBERT A.; SAWYER, ROGER WILLIAMS

36

Science Fair Scene: Turning Ideas into Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the steps necessary to conduct a science fair project and examines two specific examples of how a basic idea for a science fair topic can be followed to its completion. Provides examples of day-to-day operational science in a basic botany project and a lunar geography project. (JJK)

McQueen, David R.

1991-01-01

37

"Professors of Foresight": Finding a Place for the Future in Journalism Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of the future has grown into a valued tool for business planners, government, and nongovernmental organizations, as well as for many areas of the social sciences. Yet despite the need for reporters and editors who can inject foresight into the news--and despite studies showing that the disciplined use of "futures thinking" not only can…

Somerville, Richard

38

How do episodic and semantic memory contribute to episodic foresight in young children?  

PubMed Central

Humans are able to transcend the present and mentally travel to another time, place, or perspective. Mentally projecting ourselves backwards (i.e., episodic memory) or forwards (i.e., episodic foresight) in time are crucial characteristics of the human memory system. Indeed, over the past few years, episodic memory has been argued to be involved both in our capacity to retrieve our personal past experiences and in our ability to imagine and foresee future scenarios. However, recent theory and findings suggest that semantic memory also plays a significant role in imagining future scenarios. We draw on Tulving’s definition of episodic and semantic memory to provide a critical analysis of their role in episodic foresight tasks described in the developmental literature. We conclude by suggesting future directions of research that could further our understanding of how both episodic memory and semantic memory are intimately connected to episodic foresight. PMID:25071690

Martin-Ordas, Gema; Atance, Cristina M.; Caza, Julian S.

2014-01-01

39

Results and Lessons Learned from Nordic Foresight Forum  

E-print Network

Results and Lessons Learned from Nordic Foresight Forum Per Dannemand Andersen Risø ­ DTU Foresight Forum ­ the Need The need for a Nordic Foresight Forum as expressed by a "ministerial civil · And some money for preparing small reports and investigations between the meetings of the forum #12

40

Using strategic foresight to assess conservation opportunity.  

PubMed

The nature of conservation challenges can foster a reactive, rather than proactive approach to decision making. Failure to anticipate problems before they escalate results in the need for more costly and time-consuming solutions. Proactive conservation requires forward-looking approaches to decision making that consider possible futures without being overly constrained by the past. Strategic foresight provides a structured process for considering the most desirable future and for mapping the most efficient and effective approaches to promoting that future with tools that facilitate creative thinking. The process involves 6 steps: setting the scope, collecting inputs, analyzing signals, interpreting the information, determining how to act, and implementing the outcomes. Strategic foresight is ideal for seeking, recognizing, and realizing conservation opportunities because it explicitly encourages a broad-minded, forward-looking perspective on an issue. Despite its potential value, the foresight process is rarely used to address conservation issues, and previous attempts have generally failed to influence policy. We present the strategic foresight process as it can be used for proactive conservation planning, describing some of the key tools in the foresight tool kit and how they can be used to identify and exploit different types of conservation opportunities. Scanning is an important tool for collecting and organizing diverse streams of information and can be used to recognize new opportunities and those that could be created. Scenario planning explores how current trends, drivers of change, and key uncertainties might influence the future and can be used to identify barriers to opportunities. Backcasting is used to map out a path to a goal and can determine how to remove barriers to opportunities. We highlight how the foresight process was used to identify conservation opportunities during the development of a strategic plan to address climate change in New York State. The plan identified solutions that should be effective across a range of possible futures. Illustrating the application of strategic foresight to identify conservation opportunities should provide the impetus for decision makers to explore strategic foresight as a way to support more proactive conservation policy, planning, and management. PMID:25381735

Cook, Carly N; Wintle, Bonnie C; Aldrich, Stephen C; Wintle, Brendan A

2014-12-01

41

Nursing and Science Building The Project  

E-print Network

Nursing and Science Building The Project: The proposed new School of Nursing/Science Building, graduate student lounge and numerous group study rooms and collaboration spaces. This project will cost $62, as it is located adjacent to the PATCO Transit Station. Enhancements: The School of Nursing/Science building, 119

Hanson, Stephen José

42

Neuroinformatics Research for Vision Science: NRV project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NRV project (Neuroinformatics Research for Vision Science) is the first project in Japan started in 1999 under the Science and Technology Agency of Japan, aimed at building the foundation of neuroinformatics research. Because of the wealth of data on the visual system, the NRV project will use vision research to promote experimental, theoretical and technical research as a pilot

Shiro Usui

2003-01-01

43

4-H Textile Science Textile Arts Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three 4-H textile arts projects for students in the textile sciences area. The projects cover weaving, knitting, and crocheting. Each project provides an overview of what the student will learn, what materials are needed, and suggested projects for the area. Projects can be adapted for beginning, intermediate, or advanced…

Scholl, Jan

44

ELMO Project: Science Instruction for Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ELMO (Embedded Learning MOdules) curriculum reform project has designed science curricula for specific nonscience students that fulfill core requirements and demonstrate how science can be engaging and relevant. ELMO students experience science through active learning and group activities that encourage them to make connections between science and their disciplinary interests.

Bansil, Arun; Mason, Emanuel J.; Hersek, Marta; Gross, Nicholas A.

2006-01-01

45

ELMO Project: Science Instruction for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ELMO (Embedded Learning Modules) curriculum reform project has designed science curricula for specific nonscience students that fulfill core requirements and demonstrate how science can be engaging and relevant. ELMO students experience science through active learning and group activities that encourage them to make connections between science

Hersek, Marta; Gross, Nicholas A.; Mason, Emanuel J.; Bansil, Arun

2006-01-01

46

Evaluation of Project Symbiosis: An Interdisciplinary Science Education Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this report is to provide a summary of the evaluation of Project Symbiosis which focused on enhancing the teaching of science principles in high school agriculture courses. The project initially involved 15 teams of science and agriculture teachers and was characterized by an extensive evaluation component consisting of six formal…

Altschuld, James W.

1993-01-01

47

Steering vaccinomics innovations with anticipatory governance and participatory foresight.  

PubMed

Vaccinomics is the convergence of vaccinology and population-based omics sciences. The success of knowledge-based innovations such as vaccinomics is not only contingent on access to new biotechnologies. It also requires new ways of governance of science, knowledge production, and management. This article presents a conceptual analysis of the anticipatory and adaptive approaches that are crucial for the responsible design and sustainable transition of vaccinomics to public health practice. Anticipatory governance is a new approach to manage the uncertainties embedded on an innovation trajectory with participatory foresight, in order to devise governance instruments for collective "steering" of science and technology. As a contrast to hitherto narrowly framed "downstream impact assessments" for emerging technologies, anticipatory governance adopts a broader and interventionist approach that recognizes the social construction of technology design and innovation. It includes in its process explicit mechanisms to understand the factors upstream to the innovation trajectory such as deliberation and cocultivation of the aims, motives, funding, design, and direction of science and technology, both by experts and publics. This upstream shift from a consumer "product uptake" focus to "participatory technology design" on the innovation trajectory is an appropriately radical and necessary departure in the field of technology assessment, especially given that considerable public funds are dedicated to innovations. Recent examples of demands by research funding agencies to anticipate the broad impacts of proposed research--at a very upstream stage at the time of research funding application--suggest that anticipatory governance with foresight may be one way how postgenomics scientific practice might transform in the future toward responsible innovation. Moreover, the present context of knowledge production in vaccinomics is such that policy making for vaccines of the 21st century is occurring in the face of uncertainties where the "facts are uncertain, values in dispute, stakes high and decisions urgent and where no single one of these dimensions can be managed in isolation from the rest." This article concludes, however, that uncertainty is not an accident of the scientific method, but its very substance. Anticipatory governance with participatory foresight offers a mechanism to respond to such inherent sociotechnical uncertainties in the emerging field of vaccinomics by making the coproduction of scientific knowledge by technology and the social systems explicit. Ultimately, this serves to integrate scientific and social knowledge thereby steering innovations to coproduce results and outputs that are socially robust and context sensitive. PMID:21848419

Ozdemir, Vural; Faraj, Samer A; Knoppers, Bartha M

2011-09-01

48

SCIENCE COURSE IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS. 2, SCIENCE TEACHING EQUIPMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SCIENCE EQUIPMENT, TEACHING AIDS, AND MODELS THAT HAVE BEEN OR ARE BEING DEVELOPED THROUGH THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION'S SCIENCE TEACHING EQUIPMENT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM ARE DESCRIBED IN THIS BULLETIN. REPORTS FROM ALL PROJECTS SUPPORTED UP TO MARCH 15, 1963, ARE INCLUDED. ITEMS ARE CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO DISCIPLINE AND APPROPRIATE…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

49

Group Projects and the Computer Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group projects in computer science are normally delivered with reference to good software engineering practice. The discipline of software engineering is rapidly evolving, and the application of the latest 'agile techniques' to group projects causes a potential conflict with constraints imposed by regulating bodies on the computer science

Joy, Mike

2005-01-01

50

Modeling Limited Foresight in Water Management Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The inability to forecast future water supplies means that their management inevitably occurs under situations of limited foresight. Three modeling problems arise, first what type of objective function is a manager with limited foresight optimizing? Second how can we measure these objectives? Third can objective functions that incorporate uncertainty be integrated within the structure of optimizing water management models? The paper reviews the concepts of relative risk aversion and intertemporal substitution that underlie stochastic dynamic preference functions. Some initial results from the estimation of such functions for four different dam operations in northern California are presented and discussed. It appears that the path of previous water decisions and states influences the decision-makers willingness to trade off water supplies between periods. A compromise modeling approach that incorporates carry-over value functions under limited foresight within a broader net work optimal water management model is developed. The approach uses annual carry-over value functions derived from small dimension stochastic dynamic programs embedded within a larger dimension water allocation network. The disaggregation of the carry-over value functions to the broader network is extended using the space rule concept. Initial results suggest that the solution of such annual nonlinear network optimizations is comparable to, or faster than, the solution of linear network problems over long time series.

Howitt, R.

2005-12-01

51

Dynamic Changes in Motivation in Collaborative Citizen-Science Projects  

E-print Network

Dynamic Changes in Motivation in Collaborative Citizen- Science Projects Dana Rotman1 , Jennifer.edu ABSTRACT Online citizen science projects engage volunteers in collecting, analyzing, and curating factors affecting participation in ecological citizen science projects. We show that volunteers

Golbeck, Jennifer

52

Private Universe Project in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of nine video-based workshops developed to help teachers identify and implement strategies that help students deeply learn abstract science content. Be prepared for a surprise: each video includes footage of college graduates from prestigious universities who have retained grossly erroneous conceptions about fundamental science topics that are typically covered in grades K-8. How could they have graduated from top institutions with these deeply-ingrained misconceptions? The videos demonstrate how a student's preconceived ideas can pose critical barriers to learning science. Next, they introduce educational research about how students learn science and provide strategies for overcoming misconception to allow for new (and correct) understanding. Topics explored in the videos include: electricity, photosynthesis, the seasons, chemistry, geometric optics, environmental science, gravity, and more.

2012-11-30

53

"Creative Final Projects" in Mathematics and Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In a final class project, art and communications students taking science and mathematics courses at Chicago's Columbia College and the Illinois Institute of Art produce a significant creative work using a media of their own choosing. In this article, the

Cherif, Abour; Gialamas, Stefanos

2000-02-01

54

Designing Appropriate Scaffolding for Student Science Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The authors have developed a successful approach to teaching and inspiring undergraduate science and nonscience majors to complete creditable, semester-long, hands-on science research projects. This approach utilizes a carefully developed scaffolding consisting of in-class exercises and discussions, preparatory homework and lab events, and three well-calibrated milestones prior to submission of students' final report. This scaffolding has increased student confidence and the caliber of final projects.

Johnson, Marie; Smith, Mark

2008-12-01

55

Whither Geographic Information Science? The Varenius Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper introduces a special issue of the journal on the subject of Project Varenius, a three-year effort funded by the US National Science Foundation to advance geographic information science. Geographic information is first defined as an abstraction of primitive tuples linking geographic locations to general descriptors. Geographic concepts originate in the human mind, and are instantiated in geographic

Michael F. Goodchild; Max J. Egenhofer; Karen K. Kemp; David M. Mark; Eric Sheppard

56

Science Sampler: Global Warming Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To address the issue of global warming locally, the author developed an inquiry-based project to examine the impact of the schoolâs traffic situation on climate change. In this project, students collected data in the parking lot/driveway, researched greenhouse gas emissions of vehicles, and developed solutions to the traffic problem. Their solutions, if implemented, will reduce their schoolâs carbon footprint. Completing this project made other students in the school aware of the severity of the global climate change problem.

Blough, Christopher

2009-11-01

57

Ris-R-1362(EN) Technology Foresight in the Nordic  

E-print Network

technology foresight exercises (including monitoring of selected trends and early signals). 3Risø-R-1362(EN) Technology Foresight in the Nordic Countries Annele Eerola and Birte Holst Jørgensen Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark September 2002 #12;Risø-R-1362(EN) Technology

58

To: Chairman, MSc Project Committee Project for examination in Trinity Term 2013 MSc Computer Science  

E-print Network

Science Project Registration STUDENT NAME:........................... COLLEGETo: Chairman, MSc Project Committee Project for examination in Trinity Term 2013 MSc Computer................................................ PROJECT TITLE

Oxford, University of

59

To: Chairman, MSc Project Committee Project for examination in Trinity Term 2012 MSc Computer Science  

E-print Network

Science Project Registration STUDENT NAME:........................... COLLEGETo: Chairman, MSc Project Committee Project for examination in Trinity Term 2012 MSc Computer................................................ PROJECT TITLE

Oxford, University of

60

Tohoku Women's Hurdling Project: Science Angels (abstract)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tohoku University was the first National University to admit three women students in Japan in 1913. To support the university's traditional ``open-door'' policy, various projects have been promoted throughout the university since its foundation. A government plan, the Third-Stage Basic Plan for Science and Technology, aims to increase the women scientist ratio up to 25% nationwide. In order to achieve this goal, the Tohoku Women's Hurdling Project, funded by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), was adopted in 2006. This project is threefold: support for child/family, improvement of facilities, and support for the next generation, which includes our Science Angels program. ``Science Angels'' are women PhD students appointed by the university president, with the mission to form a strong support system among each other and to become role-models to inspire younger students who want to become researchers. Currently, 50 women graduate students of the natural sciences are Science Angels and are encouraged to design and deliver lectures in their areas of specialty at their alma maters. Up to now, 12 lectures have been delivered and science events for children in our community have been held-all with great success.

Mizuki, Kotoe; Watanabe, Mayuko

2009-04-01

61

South African SKA Project Postgraduate Scholarship Programme Postgraduate Projects for 2013 1. Radio Astronomy Science  

E-print Network

. Radio Astronomy Science 1.2. Radio Astronomy Science - PhD topics Project Title Project Description Title Project Description Qualifications and Skills Required Link to MeerKAT and/ or SKA Science. This project is related to the MeerKAT continuum survey science and the SKA science theme `Magnetic fields

Jarrett, Thomas H.

62

Independent project/Master degree project Subject: Environmental Science, Soil Science  

E-print Network

Independent project/Master degree project Subject: Environmental Science, Soil Science Level: D, E. The Department of Soil and Environment in cooperation with the Centre for Chemical Pesticides (CKB) maintains;Contacts: Mats Larsbo, Assistant professor, Division of Biogeophysics and Water Quality, Department of Soil

63

EPSE Project 3: Teaching Pupils "Ideas-about-Science."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on Project 3 from the Evidence-based Practice in Science Education (EPSE) Research Network. This project explores issues surrounding the inability of many science teachers to enable students to understand the nature of science. (DDR)

Osborne, Jonathan; Ratcliffe, Mary; Bartholomew, Hannah; Collins, Sue; Duschl, Rick

2002-01-01

64

Health sciences library building projects, 1998 survey.  

PubMed Central

Twenty-eight health sciences library building projects are briefly described, including twelve new buildings and sixteen additions, remodelings, and renovations. The libraries range in size from 2,144 square feet to 190,000 gross square feet. Twelve libraries are described in detail. These include three hospital libraries, one information center sponsored by ten institutions, and eight academic health sciences libraries. Images PMID:10550027

Bowden, V M

1999-01-01

65

Moon Zoo: a Citizen Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Moon Zoo is a citizen science project that utilises internet crowd-sourcing techniques. Moon Zoo users are asked to review images from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)[1] spacecraft and perform tasks such as measuring impact crater sizes and identifying morphologically interesting features. The tasks are designed to address issues in lunar science and to aid future exploration of the Moon. In addition to its potential in delivering high quality science outputs, Moon Zoo is also an important educator resource, providing information about the geology of the Moon and geophysical processes in the inner solar system.

Bugiolacchi, R.; Crawford, I. A.; Joy, K. H.

2013-09-01

66

Elementary and middle school science improvement project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Alabama A and M University Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project (Project SIP) was instituted to improve the science knowledge of elementary and middle school teachers using the experimental or hands-on approach. Summer workshops were conducted during the summers of 1986, 1987, and 1988 in the areas of biology, chemistry, physics, and electricity, and magnetism. Additionally, a manual containing 43 lessons which included background information, experiments and activities for classroom and home use was provided to each teacher. During the course of the project activities, the teachers interacted with various university faculty members, scientists, and NASA staff. The administrative aspects of the program, the delivery of the services to participating teachers, and the project outcome are addressed.

Mcguire, Saundra Y.

1989-01-01

67

MOT Applied Research Projects Where science, technology, and business meet  

E-print Network

MOT Applied Research Projects Where science, technology, and business meet Project Details) Compensation: No charge for selected company projects Your Commitment: Involvement ranges from a few check Science Engineering Arts and Sciences Life Sciences Average age: 33 Typical work experience: 5 - 8 years

68

Science Sampler: Analogy of the cell project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this inquiry-based science project, students compare the makeup of a cell to an everyday working unit or system and create a three-dimensional object that represents their analogy. In addition, students select five specific organelles to include in their analogy.

Ward, Lacie

2005-07-01

69

Knowledge Construction in Elementary School Science Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study in which a teacher used the collaborative development of a format-free computer database to facilitate knowledge construction in a group of three Year 6 students during a science project. Contains 28 references. (Author/ASK)

Nason, Rod; Lloyd, Peter; Ginns, Ian

1998-01-01

70

The College of Science & Engineering STUDENT PROJECT  

E-print Network

OF WINNERS Friday, May 9, 2014 San Francisco State University #12;2 Kenson Ventures Robert W. Maxwell ThankThe College of Science & Engineering STUDENT PROJECT S H O W C A S E & ALUMNI RECEPTION LIST A STEREOTYPIC VERSUS COUNTER STEREOTYPIC BLACK MALE By: Sierra P. Niblett, Eric D. Splan, Monica E. Mendoza

71

Recent health sciences library building projects.  

PubMed Central

The Medical Library Association's third annual survey of recent health sciences library building projects identified fourteen libraries planning, expanding, or constructing new library facilities. Three of five new library buildings are freestanding structures where the library occupies all or a major portion of the space. The two other new facilities are for separately administered units where the library is a major tenant. Nine projects involve additions to or renovations of existing space. Six projects are in projected, predesign, or design stages or are awaiting funding approval. This paper describes four projects that illustrate technology's growing effect on librarians and libraries. They are designed to accommodate change, a plethora of electronic gear, and easy use of technology. Outwardly, they do not look much different than many other modern buildings. But, inside, the changes have been dramatic although they have evolved slowly as the building structure has been adapted to new conditions. Images PMID:8251970

Ludwig, L

1993-01-01

72

AMANDA science project at South Pole  

NSF Publications Database

Title : AMANDA science project at South Pole Type : Antarctic EAM NSF Org: OD / OPP Date : June 23, 1993 File : opp93109 AMANDA Environmental Impact Assessment AMANDA or the Antarctic-Muon-and-Neutrino-Detector-Array would be one of the first experiments designed to do neutrino astronomy. Project Schedule Current plans would call for the construction of the AMANDA laboratory in the new AMANDA/CARA building and the drilling of the AMANDA holes to start as soon as possible after the November 1,...

73

Experimental Science Projects: An Introductory Level Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

David Morano, Associate Professor at Mankato State University, has put together this introductory resource on experimental science projects. Organized into fourteen sections, this guide walks the user through the basics of hypothesis testing, from the inception of an idea through its experimental test. For each section, a brief summary is provided: Observations, Information Gathering, Title, Purpose, Hypothesis, Procedure, Materials, Data, Recording Observations, Results, Calculations, Questions, and Conclusions. To illustrate the process outlined in the guide, the site includes an example of a science project (The Effect of Salt on the Boiling Temperature of Water), with explanations of how thinking is formulated (or tested) at each stage. This resource is simple in format and will be a useful learning tool for honing critical thinking in beginning scientists.

74

NEED Project: Primary Science of Energy Infobook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This free infobook provides an overview of energy forms and sources for Grades 2-4, along with hands-on activities, graphics, and classroom presentation materials for teaching an entire unit. Students will first be introduced to energy as a physical science concept before being exposed to sources of energy. Using this sequence can help learners differentiate energy forms (thermal, motion, wave, chemical) from energy sources (fossil fuels, wind, geothermal, hydroelectric). Confusing these fundamentally different concepts is a documented roadblock to future understanding of energy in the context of science. For the companion Student Guide with printable data guides and activities, Primary Science of Energy-Student Guide. The NEED Project is a national initiative to bring innovative curriculum materials in energy education to teachers and learners from the primary grades through college.

2013-04-03

75

Double Star project - master science operations plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

For Double Star Project (DSP) exploration, the scientific operations are very important and essential for achieving its scientific objectives. Two years before the launch of the DSP satellites (TC-1 and TC-2) and during the mission operating phase, the long-term and short-term master science operations plans (MSOP) were produced. MSOP is composed of the operation schedules of all the scientific instruments,

C. Shen; Z. Liu

2005-01-01

76

2011 Joint Science Education Project: Research Experience in Polar Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Science Education Project (JSEP), sponsored by the National Science Foundation, is a two-part program that brings together students and teachers from the United States, Greenland, and Denmark, for a unique cross-cultural, first-hand experience of the realities of polar science field research in Greenland. During JSEP, students experienced research being conducted on and near the Greenland ice sheet by attending researcher presentations, visiting NSF-funded field sites (including Summit and NEEM field stations, both located on the Greenland ice sheet), and designing and conducting research projects in international teams. The results of two of these projects will be highlighted. The atmospheric project investigated the differences in CO2, UVA, UVB, temperature, and albedo in different Arctic microenvironments, while also examining the interaction between the atmosphere and water present in the given environments. It was found that the carbon dioxide levels varied: glacial environments having the lowest levels, with an average concentration of 272.500 ppm, and non-vegetated, terrestrial environments having the highest, with an average concentration of 395.143 ppm. Following up on these results, it is planned to further investigate the interaction of the water and atmosphere, including water's role in the uptake of carbon dioxide. The ecology project investigated the occurrence of unusual large blooms of Nostoc cyanobacteria in Kangerlussuaq area lakes. The water chemistry of the lakes which contained the cyanobacteria and the lakes that did not were compared. The only noticeable difference was of the lakes' acidity, lakes containing the blooms had an average pH value of 8.58, whereas lakes without the blooms had an average pH value of 6.60. Further investigation of these results is needed to determine whether or not this was a cause or effect of the cyanobacteria blooms. As a next step, it is planned to attempt to grow the blooms to monitor their effects on different common ecosystems within the Kangerlussuaq area.

Wilkening, J.; Ader, V.

2011-12-01

77

National University of Singapore MW5200 MSC SCIENCE COMMUNICATION PROJECT  

E-print Network

National University of Singapore MW5200 MSC SCIENCE COMMUNICATION PROJECT Project Report Strengthening student engagement in the classroom. Course: Msc (Science Communication) Faculty of Science National University of Singapore Name: Ganeshini D/O Sri kanthan Student ID: A0075383Y Project Supervisor

Aslaksen, Helmer

78

The Denali Earth Science Education Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In partnership with Denali National Park and Preserve and the Denali Institute, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) will capitalize upon an extraordinary opportunity to raise public interest in the earth sciences. A coincidence of events has made this an ideal time for outreach to raise awareness of the solid earth processes that affect all of our lives. On November 3, 2002, a M 7.9 earthquake occurred on the Denali Fault in central Alaska, raising public consciousness of seismic activity in this state to a level unmatched since the M 9.2 "Good Friday" earthquake of 1964. Shortly after the M 7.9 event, a new public facility for scientific research and education in Alaska's national parks, the Murie Science and Learning Center, was constructed at the entrance to Denali National Park and Preserve only 43 miles from the epicenter of the Denali Fault Earthquake. The AEIC and its partners believe that these events can be combined to form a synergy for the creation of unprecedented opportunities for learning about solid earth geophysics among all segments of the public. This cooperative project will undertake the planning and development of education outreach mechanisms and products for the Murie Science and Learning Center that will serve to educate Alaska's residents and visitors about seismology, tectonics, crustal deformation, and volcanism. Through partnerships with Denali National Park and Preserve, this cooperative project will include the Denali Institute (a non-profit organization that assists the National Park Service in operating the Murie Science and Learning Center) and Alaska's Denali Borough Public School District. The AEIC will also draw upon the resources of long standing state partners; the Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys and the Alaska Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services. The objectives of this project are to increase public awareness and understanding of the solid earth processes that affect life in Alaska, and to provide new and innovative science curricula and teacher training for the benefit of students and teachers in Alaska and beyond. These objectives will be met by the development of learning opportunities and resources that will come together around the Murie Science and Learning Center as a focus for interpretation of EarthScope science and research results in Alaska. Project activities will take place in five areas, which are: 1) development of interactive museum displays for the Murie Science and Learning Center utilizing cutting edge technology for learning, 2) public outreach with a series of publications and Internet resources, 3) development of inquiry-based, experiential curricula for middle school students to enhance science education, 4) development of accredited teacher training workshops for science educators, and 5) the creation of opportunities for EarthScope scientists to interact with students, teachers, and the public through a series of lectures and discussions in national parks and local communities across Alaska.

Hansen, R. A.; Stachnik, J. C.; Roush, J. J.; Siemann, K.; Nixon, I.

2004-12-01

79

Joint Science Education Project: Learning about polar science in Greenland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Science Education Project (JSEP) is a successful summer science and culture opportunity in which students and teachers from the United States, Denmark, and Greenland come together to learn about the research conducted in Greenland and the logistics involved in supporting the research. They conduct experiments first-hand and participate in inquiry-based educational activities alongside scientists and graduate students at a variety of locations in and around Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, and on the top of the ice sheet at Summit Station. The Joint Committee, a high-level forum involving the Greenlandic, Danish and U.S. governments, established the Joint Science Education Project in 2007, as a collaborative diplomatic effort during the International Polar Year to: • Educate and inspire the next generation of polar scientists; • Build strong networks of students and teachers among the three countries; and • Provide an opportunity to practice language and communication skills Since its inception, JSEP has had 82 student and 22 teacher participants and has involved numerous scientists and field researchers. The JSEP format has evolved over the years into its current state, which consists of two field-based subprograms on site in Greenland: the Greenland-led Kangerlussuaq Science Field School and the U.S.-led Arctic Science Education Week. All travel, transportation, accommodations, and meals are provided to the participants at no cost. During the 2013 Kangerlussuaq Science Field School, students and teachers gathered data in a biodiversity study, created and set geo- and EarthCaches, calculated glacial discharge at a melt-water stream and river, examined microbes and tested for chemical differences in a variety of lakes, measured ablation at the edge of the Greenland Ice Sheet, and learned about fossils, plants, animals, minerals and rocks of Greenland. In addition, the students planned and led cultural nights, sharing food, games, stories, and traditions of their states, regions, and countries with one another. A subset of the Field School students continue their polar science exploration by traveling to and experiencing science at the top of the Greenlandic ice sheet, as participants in Arctic Science Education Week. They launched weather balloons, took measurements of reflectivity to learn more about albedo, studied glaciers and ice sheets and created hands-on models to study their flow, shadowed the Summit science technicians on their rounds, practiced taking clean snow samples, examined a back-lit snow pit to observe the differences between seasonal snows and ice formation, and assisted researchers by taking samples from the snow pit for isotope analysis. Lastly, I will share one group multi- and interdisciplinary activity used at JSEP which illustrates how to combine mathematics and science with global studies. As noted in the Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013 initiative: "The challenges facing our planet and our civilization are multidisciplinary and multifaceted, and the mathematical sciences play a central role in the scientific effort to understand and to deal with these challenges." In particular, this group activity uses mathematical modeling and data representation to spark a discussion of civic engagement and to raise awareness that the polar regions are critically important to the global system.

Foshee Reed, Lynn

2014-05-01

80

Department of Engineering Science REQUEST TO SCHEDULE DESIGN PROJECT PRESENTATION  

E-print Network

Department of Engineering Science REQUEST TO SCHEDULE DESIGN PROJECT PRESENTATION Notes: 1. Before a student's design project presentation can be scheduled, the student must certify that the following steps. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Student's name:_________________________________________________________ Design Project title

Ravikumar, B.

81

The EFMN is financed by the European Commission Directorate General for Research as part of a series of initiatives intended to provide a Foresight Knowledge Sharing Platform for foresight practitioners and policy makers in the European Union. More  

E-print Network

of a series of initiatives intended to provide a Foresight Knowledge Sharing Platform for foresight Area. Objectives and Design of the Nordic Hydrogen Energy Foresight Following a mapping of foresight on the political agenda and in the other Nordic countries there were important R&D undertaken within key hydrogen

82

Collaborative Online Projects for English Language Learners in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes how collaborative online projects (COPs) are used to facilitate science content-area learning for English Learners of Hispanic origin. This is a Mexico-USA partnership project funded by the National Science Foundation. A COP is a 10-week thematic science unit, completely online, and bilingual (Spanish and English) designed to…

Terrazas-Arellanes, Fatima E.; Knox, Carolyn; Rivas, Carmen

2013-01-01

83

Induced Technological Change in a Limited Foresight Optimization Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The threat of global warming calls for a major transformation of the energy system the coming century. Modeling technological change is an important factor in energy systems modeling. Technological change may be treated as induced by climate policy or as exogenous. We investigate the importance of induced technological change (ITC) in GET-LFL, an iterative optimization model with limited foresight that

Fredrik Hedenus; Christian Azar; Kristian Lindgren

2005-01-01

84

Ris-R-1512(EN) Green Technological Foresight on  

E-print Network

Risø-R-1512(EN) Green Technological Foresight on Environmental Friendly Agriculture: Executive on environmentally friendly agriculture with the aim of examining the agricultural environmental challenges with focus on the use of environmentally friendly technologies. A premise that is necessary for agriculture

85

Brief Report: Episodic Foresight in Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Episodic foresight (EpF) or, the ability to imagine the future and use such imagination to guide our actions, is an important aspect of cognition that has not yet been explored in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This is despite its proposed links with theory of mind (ToM) and executive function (EF), two areas found to be impaired in…

Hanson, Laura K.; Atance, Cristina M.

2014-01-01

86

FORESIGHT 2020 A STRATEGIC AGENDA FOR KANSAS HIGHER EDUCATION  

E-print Network

FORESIGHT 2020 A STRATEGIC AGENDA FOR KANSAS HIGHER EDUCATION Approved by the Kansas Board of Regents September 15, 2010 #12; 1 A STRATEGIC AGENDA FOR KANSAS HIGHER EDUCATION In the spring and associated data related to issues that would directly affect the future of higher education in Kansas. After

87

The Role of Episodic and Semantic Memory in Episodic Foresight  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we describe a special form of future thinking, termed "episodic foresight" and its relation with episodic and semantic memory. We outline the methodologies that have largely been developed in the last five years to assess this capacity in young children and non-human animals. Drawing on Tulving's definition of episodic and semantic…

Martin-Ordas, Gema; Atance, Cristina M.; Louw, Alyssa

2012-01-01

88

Ris-R-1292(EN) Sensor Technology Foresight  

E-print Network

of sensor types. MEMS- and optical sensors, biochemical/biological sensors together with systemic issuesRisø-R-1292(EN) Sensor Technology Foresight Per Dannemand Andersen Birte Holst Jørgensen Birgitte Rasmussen Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark November 2001 #12;Risø-R-1292(EN) Sensor Technology

89

Thousands of Science Projects. Classified Titles of Exhibits Shown at Science Fairs and/or Produced as Projects for the Westinghouse Science Talent Search. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to serve as a source of ideas for students of all age levels for science fair projects, this publication lists titles of projects by young people who participated in fairs leading to the International Science and Engineering Fair or competed in the Science Talent Search for the Westinghouse Science Scholarship and Award. The titles have…

Yoshioka, Ruby, Ed.

90

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme in Science (UROPS) Research Project Proposal Form  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme in Science (UROPS) Research Project Proposal Form and programming. #12;Undergraduate Research Opportunities Programme in Science (UROPS) Research Project Proposal Research Opportunities Programme in Science (UROPS) Research Project Proposal Form Project No /Academic Yr

Aslaksen, Helmer

91

Gender Differences in Science Interests: An Analysis of Science Fair Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender differences in science interests were examined in two studies of projects entered in a regional science fair in kindergarten through grade 12. A content analysis of 1,319 project topics and materials submitted to the Northeastern Indiana Regional Science and Engineering Fair from 1991 through 1993 showed that girls were more likely than…

Lawton, Carol A.; Bordens, Kenneth S.

92

Science and Engineering Technician Curriculum Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project SET (Science and Engineering for Technicians) developed a series of study guides designed to teach generic science and engineering skills to students interested in becoming technicians. An entire 2-year curriculum is encompassed by these guides, geared for 2-year college students. Described in this final report are the project's rationale,…

Mowery, Donald R.; Wolf, Lawrence J.

93

Physical Change. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' (N=43) views of physical change associated with boiling, melting,…

Cosgrove, Mark; Osborne, Roger

94

General Science [Sahuarita High School Career Curriculum Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit entitled "General Science" is one of a series of instructional guides prepared by teachers for the Sahuarita High School (Arizona) Career Curriculum Project. The package is subtitled "Physical Science in General Science" and consists of sections dealing with mechanics, electricity and light. A list of 41 behavioral objectives is stated…

Christensen, Larry; Lane, Robert

95

Secondary Education in Computational Science Project, The (SPECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Secondary Education in Computational Science (SPECS) project is a collaborative effort between Twin Cities local school districts and the Institute of Technology's Laboratory for Computational Science and Engineering (LCSE) at the University of Minnesota. It is designed to develop instructional materials intended to expose high school students to computational science.

96

Gravity. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One area explored in the second (in-depth) phase of the Learning in Science Project was "children's science," defined as views of the world and the meanings for words that children have and bring with them to science lessons. The investigation reported focuses on students' thinking regarding their views on gravity. Students (N=42) were…

Stead, Keith; Osborne, Roger

97

Approved by computer science faculty September 21, 2004 Capstone Project Guidelines for Computer Science  

E-print Network

Approved by computer science faculty September 21, 2004 Capstone Project Guidelines for Computer Science While capstones in computer science may take many different forms, most have been internships's interests In all cases, it is expected that the capstone be something appropriate for a computer science

Gering, Jon C.

98

Double Star project - master science operations plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For Double Star Project (DSP) exploration, the scientific operations are very important and essential for achieving its scientific objectives. Two years before the launch of the DSP satellites (TC-1 and TC-2) and during the mission operating phase, the long-term and short-term master science operations plans (MSOP) were produced. MSOP is composed of the operation schedules of all the scientific instruments, the modes and timelines of the Payload Service System on TC-1 and TC-2, and the data receiving schedules of the three ground stations. The MSOP of TC-1 and TC-2 have been generated according to the scientific objectives of DSP, the orbits of DSP, the near-Earth space environments and the coordination with Cluster, etc., so as to make full use of the exploration resources provided by DSP and to acquire as much quality scientific data as possible for the scientific communities. This paper has summarized the observation resources of DSP, the states of DSP and its evolution since the launch, the strategies and rules followed for operating the payload and utilizing the ground stations, and the production of MSOP. Until now, the generation and execution of MSOP is smooth and successful, the operating of DSP is satisfactory, and most of the scientific objectives of DSP have been fulfilled.

Shen, C.; Liu, Z.

2005-11-01

99

16 years of successful projects in16 years of successful projects in Nuclear Science & TechnologyNuclear Science & Technology  

E-print Network

ISTCISTC 16 years of successful projects in16 years of successful projects in Nuclear Science & TechnologyNuclear Science & Technology 13th CERNISTC SAC Seminar New Perspectives of High Energy Physics 01 ­ 05 September 2010 BINP, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation Prof. Waclaw Gudowski Deputy Executive

100

Science Projects--A Modular Approach. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document was designed to be used as a tool to assist students with research-oriented science projects. It provides a step-by-step approach to the development of such projects addressing: (1) selecting a research topic; (2) learning about the subject; (3) developing a specific purpose for the research; (4) planning the project; (5) initiating…

Farmer, Mike

101

Thinking scientifically during participation in a citizen-science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

A movement has begun recently to involve nonscientists in scientific investigations through projects in which a range of individuals gather data for use by scientists to investigate questions of research importance. These projects are frequently referred to as citizen-science projects, and the benefits are assumed to extend beyond the production of important large databases. Those who argue in support of

Deborah J. Trumbull; Rick Bonney; Derek Bascom; Anna Cabral

2000-01-01

102

Innovative Project Activities in Science [From the NSTA Study of Innovative Project Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four projects chosen as innovative project activities in science which exhibited identification of unique or novel problems and creative approaches to their solutions. Projects included a study of fish in Lake Erie, a goat raising project, an analysis of terrestrial plant ecology and soil composition, and a study of marine and wetlands…

Science Teacher, 1975

1975-01-01

103

The ZIM-SCI Project. Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Progress Report No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) was started in 1981 with the aim of developing a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. Project activities included developing student study guides, corresponding teaching…

Dock, A. W.

104

Science projects in renewable energy and energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect

First, the book is written for teachers and other adults who educate children in grades K-12. This allows us to include projects with a variety of levels of difficulty, leaving it to the teacher to adapt them to the appropriate skill level. Second, the book generally focuses on experimental projects that demonstrate the scientific method. We believe that learning the experimental process is most beneficial for students and prepares them for further endeavors in science and for life itself by developing skills in making decisions and solving problems. Although this may appear to limit the book's application to more advanced students and more experienced science teachers, we hope that some of the ideas can be applied to beginning science classes. In addition, we recognize that there are numerous sources of nonexperimental science activities in the field and we hope this book will fill a gap in the available material. Third, we've tried to address the difficulties many teachers face in helping their students get started on science projects. By explaining the process and including extensive suggestions of resources -- both nationally and locally -- we hope to make the science projects more approachable and enjoyable. We hope the book will provide direction for teachers who are new to experimental projects. And finally, in each section of ideas, we've tried to include a broad sampling of projects that cover most of the important concepts related to each technology. Additional topics are listed as one-liners'' following each group of projects.

Not Available

1991-07-01

105

Motivation, key science projects, standards and assumptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) represents the next major, and natural, step in radio astronomical facilities, providing two orders of magnitude increase in collecting area over existing telescopes. In a series of meetings, starting in Groningen, the Netherlands (August 2002) and culminating in a `science retreat' in Leiden (November 2003), the SKA International Science Advisory Committee (ISAC), conceived of, and

C. L. Carilli; S. Rawlings

2004-01-01

106

Solar Energy Project, Activities: Earth Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains lesson plans and outlines of science activities which present concepts of solar energy in the context of earth science experiments. Each unit presents an introduction; objectives; skills and knowledge needed; materials; method; questions; recommendations for further study; and a teacher information sheet. The teacher…

Tullock, Bruce, Ed.; And Others

107

A Computer Assisted Learning Project in Engineering Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A British project in engineering science is described. Computer assisted instruction packages are being developed to provide students with experience with models or systems of models related to lecture material on electrical, electronic, nuclear, and mechanical engineering. (SD)

Cheesewright, R.; And Others

1974-01-01

108

Our Water World 4-H Marine Science Discovery Project  

E-print Network

Our Water World 4-H Marine Science Discovery Project Leader Guide OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Catch 36 Amazing Marine Mammal Trivia 39 Vanishing Habitat 44 A Voyage Through Your Home and Supermarket

Tullos, Desiree

109

Entrepreneurial experiments in science policy: Analyzing the Human Genome Project  

E-print Network

We re-conceptualize the role of science policy makers, envisioning and illustrating their move from being simple investors in scientific projects to entrepreneurs who create the conditions for entrepreneurial experiments ...

Huang, Kenneth G.

110

Ahkwesahsne Science & Math Pilot Project: A Native Approach to Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a science and math pilot project developed for Mohawk junior high school students in Ahkwesahsne (Canada) that integrates Iroquois culture with Western approaches to learning science. Curriculum units are based on the Mohawk Thanksgiving Address that acknowledges all aspects of life. Includes a passage examining differences between…

Wendt, Kim, Comp.

1995-01-01

111

Learning in Science Project (Form 1-4). Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project investigated teaching and learning in science at the Form 1 to 4 level to identify some of the key difficulties in this subject area and to find ways of overcoming such difficulties. Included in this final report are: (1) brief accounts of the three major phases of the research; (2) a list of papers derived from the…

Waikato Univ., Hamilton (New Zealand).

112

Science Meta-Analysis Project: Volume I. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Foundation funded a project to: (1) identify major areas of science education research in which sufficient studies have been conducted to permit useful generalizations for educational practice; (2) conduct meta-analyses of each of these areas; and (3) prepare a compendium of these meta-analyses along with interpretative and…

Anderson, Ronald D.; And Others

113

Critters: K-6 Life Science Activities. Project AIMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project AIMS (Activities to Integrate Mathematics and Science) has as its purpose the integration of subject matter in grades K-9. Field testing of the curriculum materials produced by AIMS indicates that this integration produces the following beneficial results: (1) mathematics becomes more meaningful, hence more useful; (2) science is…

Allen, Maureen Murphy; And Others

114

Master of Science project in computational material physics  

E-print Network

Master of Science project in computational material physics (posted 2013-05-13) Plasmarons in computational material science. You have taken the courses in Quantum physics, Solid state physics and Statistical physic and have some experience in computational physics. Contact Bo Hellsing, room 3036, third

Hellsing, Bo

115

Informal science educators network project Association of Science-Technology Centers Incorporated. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Funding from the Department of Energy and the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science Project have helped the Association of Science-technology Centers Incorporated (ASTC) to establish and sustain an on-line community of informal science educators nationwide. The Project, called the Informal Science Educators Network Project (ISEN), is composed primarily of informal science educators and exhibit developers from science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, parks, and nature centers. Although museum-based professionals represent the majority of subscribers to ISEN, also involved are some classroom teachers and teacher educators from colleges and universities. Common to all ISEN participants is a commitment to school and science education reform. Specifically, funding from the Department of Energy helped to boot strap the effort, providing Barrier Reduction Vouchers to 123 educators that enabled them participate in ISEN. Among the major accomplishments of the Project are these: (1) assistance to 123 informal science educators to attend Internet training sessions held in connection with the Project and/or purchase hardware and software that linked them to the Internet; (2) Internet training for 153 informal science educators; (3) development of a listserv which currently has over 180 subscribers--an all-time high; (4) opportunity to participate in four web chats involving informal science educators with noted researchers; (5) development of two sites on the World Wide Web linking informal science educators to Internet resources; (6) creation of an on-line collection of over 40 articles related to inquiry-based teaching and science education reform. In order to continue the momentum of the Project, ASTC has requested from the Annenberg/CPB Math and Science project a no/cost extension through December 1997.

NONE

1997-05-09

116

Foresight Training as Part of Virtual-Reality-Based Exercises for the Emergency Services  

E-print Network

Foresight Training as Part of Virtual-Reality-Based Exercises for the Emergency Services Rita exercises as part of the after action review (when the emergency response exercise is debriefed). The material for foresight training could be based on events that were encountered in the preceding exercise

Kovordányi, Rita

117

EEE project: Science in the schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EEE (extreme energy event) project will study extensive air showers through the detection of the muon component by means of a network of tracking detectors, installed inside high schools distributed all over Italy. Project's aim is to involve teachers and students in a frontier cosmic ray experiment, as well. The EEE telescope is based on a large but simplified

M. Abbrescia; S. An; A. Badala; R. B. Ferroli; G. Bencivenni; F. Blanco; E. Bressan; A. Chiavassa; C. Chiri; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; E. Coccia; S. De Pasquale; M. D'Incecco; F. L. Fabbri; V. Frolov; M. Garbini; C. Gustavino; D. Hatzifotiadou; G. Imponente; J. Kim; P. La Rocca; F. Librizzi; A. Maggiora; H. Menghetti; S. Miozzi; R. Moro; M. Panareo; G. S. Pappalardo; G. Piragino; F. Riggi; F. Romano; G. Sartorelli; C. Sbarra; M. Selvi; S. Serci; C. Williams; A. Zichichi; R. Zuyenski

2007-01-01

118

Capstone Project in Biological Sciences The intent of the Biological Sciences capstone project is to integrate a range of knowledge and skills  

E-print Network

Capstone Project in Biological Sciences The intent of the Biological Sciences capstone project reasoning is to engage in scientific inquiry. The capstone project in Biological Sciences consists of a mentored research project on a biological topic that is completed in the junior or senior year

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

119

A Computer Assisted Learning Project in Engineering Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a project to develop the application of computer assisted learning techniques in undergraduate and postgraduate courses in engineering science. This is sponsored by the National Development Programme in Computer Assisted Learning, and involves a collaboration between institutions of higher education to investigate transferability of teaching packages. The project derives from several years’ experience of this teaching technique

R. Cheesewright; F. J. Evans; P. R. Smith; B. E. Launder; O. J. Davies

1974-01-01

120

Systems Engineering Integrating Project Management, Science, Engineering, and  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Integrating Project Management, Science, Engineering, and Mission Operations, to component supplier (mission list: http://lasp .colorado.edu/home/missions-projects/) · Mission (MESSENGER), PPS (Voyager 1); many built and awaiting launch: EXIS (GOES-R), SIM (TSIS), TIM (TSIS), RS

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

121

The CARMEN e-Science pilot project: Neuroinformatics work packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CARMEN (Code Analysis, Repository and Modelling for e-Neuroscience) project aims to apply e-Science technology to Neurophysiology to enable the sharing of data resources and the services for processing this data. This paper describes the application oriented services: the companion paper (1) describes the technology underpinning this application. Overall, the CARMEN project is developing a Neuroinformatics resource which will change

L. S. Smith; J. Austin; S. Baker; R. Borisyuk; S. Eglen; J. Feng; K. Gurney; T. Jackson; M. Kaiser; P. Overton; S. Panzeri; R. Quian Quiroga; S. R. Schultz; E. Sernagor; V. A. Smith; T. V. Smulders; L. Stuart; M. Whittington; C. Ingram

2007-01-01

122

Toward prospective voluntary agreements: reflections from a hydrogen foresight project  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is substantial interest in promoting the emergence of a hydrogen-based energy economy. If successful, this would represent a policy-led, discontinuous transition away from existing fossil fuel-based systems. Such a move has few precedents and few policy tools exist to manage such a complex and uncertain endeavour. Furthermore, existing hydrocarbon energy systems can be considered Techno-Institutional Complexes (TIC), which have

Totti Könnölä; Gregory C. Unruh; Javier Carrillo-Hermosilla

2007-01-01

123

Advice on 4th Year Computer Science Projects for Examination in Trinity Term of 2010  

E-print Network

Advice on 4th Year Computer Science Projects for Examination in Trinity Term of 2010 Master to undertake a project in the fourth year. Mathematics and Computer Science candidates have the option to take a project, either a Computer Science project or a Mathematics project; a Mathematics project can either

Oxford, University of

124

J-PARC project and its science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) consists of three accelerators and three experimental facilities: Materials and Life Science, Neutrino and Hadron. In this talk I would like to particularly focus on the descriptions of and the activities at the neutrino and hadron facilities. Since the present school is toward nuclear science, the third hadron experimental facility shall be described in detail. The entire complex including the accelerators was seriously damaged due to the earthquake in northeastern Japan. The recovery status of the PARC facility is also presented.

Nagamiya, Shoji

2012-04-01

125

Project Water Science. General Science High School Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide presents 12 hands-on laboratory activities for high school science classes that cover the environmental issue of water resources in California. The activities are separated into three sections. Five activities in the section on water quality address the topics of groundwater, water hardness, bottled water, water purity, and…

Water Education Foundation, Sacramento, CA.

126

Science--Math Project: Junior High.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide, developed as part of an exemplary program for junior high school students, presents a plan for science and mathematics activities for grades seven and eight which aims at researching occupations which stem from experience students obtain in the general classroom curriculum. The unit is designed to operate in three stages: preparation of…

Lewis, Terry; Cochran, Kathy

127

NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NPP Instruments are: (1) well understood thanks to instrument comprehensive test, characterization and calibration programs. (2) Government team ready for October 25 launch followed by instrument activation and Intensive Calibration/Validation (ICV). NPP Data Products preliminary work includes: (1) JPSS Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR) team ready to support NPP ICV and operational data products. (2) NASA NPP science team ready to support NPP ICV and EOS data continuity.

Butler, James J.

2011-01-01

128

From science projects to the engineering bench  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CISSRS surgical LEGO robot competition gives high-school students hands-on experience. The CISSRS Surgical LEGO Robot Competition leverages the increasingly multidisciplinary field of surgical robotics and the versatile but easy to learn Mindstorms system to introduce participants to CIS by giving them hands-on experience in solving real-world, cutting-edge science and engineering challenges in a fun and exciting environment. Over the

O. Gerovich; R. P. Goldberg; I. D. Donn

2003-01-01

129

ES EPO Seeks SS EPO for Mutual Benefit: Earth Science Outreach Projects Seek Space Science Partners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the recent transformation, NASA has reunited the Earth and Space Science groups into a unified Science Mission Directorate. Our team has developed and operates several Earth Science Education and Public Outreach projects through the former NASA Earth Science Enterprise. Starting in 1997, we developed the Students' Cloud Observations On-Line (S'COOL; http://scool.larc.nasa.gov) project, as a way to involve K-12 students in scientifically useful data collection and analysis for the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES), a high priority instrument in the Earth Observing System. Recently, we initiated the MY NASA DATA project (http://mynasadata.larc.nasa.gov) to help overcome the barriers for use of real data, particularly relating to atmospheric science, in the K-12 classroom. In the process of interacting with students and teachers through these projects, we quickly learned that they consider Space Science to go hand in hand with Earth Science in the educational setting. In the S'COOL Project, we regularly field student questions relating to Space Science topics - so far in 2005, they amount to about one in ten of the questions we have received. In the MY NASA DATA project, when showing teachers how to explore scientific data about the Earth, we regularly hear "How can I get this kind of data for Mars?" or "Can I get this kind of information about other Planets?". To date, we have responded to these queries by linking or pointing people to other websites. With the continued development of the MY NASA DATA project, we are now seeking a more active connection to the Space Science EPO community, to benefit both our K-12 audience and yours. One of the prime audiences for MY NASA DATA is teachers and students in Middle or High School Earth Science classes. Besides Meteorology, this class also covers Geology and Oceanography. NASA Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAAC), of which our Atmospheric Science Data Center is one, hold data on those topics that we hope to make available using emerging client/server tools. But the K-12 Earth Science course also includes Astronomy, in which links to the Space Science community can be made for mutual benefit. This paper will provide further details on our existing Earth Science projects, highlighting areas where connections to Space Science Education are possible or needed.

Chambers, L. H.; Phelps, C. S.; Alston, E. J.; Costulis, P. K.; Moore, S. W.; Sepulveda, R.; Oots, P. C.

2005-05-01

130

WEPS and WEPP Science Commonality Project1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) has two independently developed, daily time step, process-based erosion models, one targeted for wind erosion (WEPS - Wind Erosion Prediction System) and one targeted for water erosion (WEPP - Water Erosion Prediction Project). The models currently share little source code or soil, plant, management and climate databases but do simulate

F. A. Fox; D. C. Flanagan; L. E. Wagner; L. Deer-Ascough

131

Diploma Project/Diplomarbeit (Computational Science & Engineering)  

E-print Network

. Hiptmair (SAM, D-MATH) Transient Simulation of Electromagnetic High-Speed Forming This project is part allows for deformations that cannot by achieved at low speeds. Setting. We consider a long metal pipe surrounded by a thin ideal coil. The axes of the pipe and the coil coincide so that symmetry allows

Hiptmair, Ralf

132

Preparing Teachers to Use Project-Based Science: Lessons from a Four-Year Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calls for reform in science education stress the need for inquiry -based, integrative approaches that provide students with opportunities to solve authentic problems and appropriately use technology. Project-based science is an approach that aligns with the calls for reform. It is characterized by: (1) use of a driving question that is meaningful to the learners and anchored in a real

James D. Lehman; Melissa George; Michael Rush; Peggy Buchanan; Matt Averill

133

Project Lead The Way: Correlation with National Science Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document outlines Project Lead The Way's curriculum and its correlation with national science education standards. The report includes details on the various sections of the program and how the units match the national science education standards for grades 9-12. The curriculum outline includes details on the following sections: introduction to engineering design, civil engineering and architecture and engineering design and development. This report may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2012-01-12

134

Workshop physical science: Project-based science education for future teachers, parents, and citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an interim report of a program designed to improve science education for pre-service elementary school teachers and other non-science majors. Building on the success of Workshop Physics (1), this program blends guided-inquiry techniques with student-directed projects. The curriculum is still being pilot-tested, but preliminary assessment shows that students are quite motivated by the project-based nature of the

David P. Jackson; Priscilla W. Laws

1997-01-01

135

The Human Genome Project: big science transforms biology and medicine.  

PubMed

The Human Genome Project has transformed biology through its integrated big science approach to deciphering a reference human genome sequence along with the complete sequences of key model organisms. The project exemplifies the power, necessity and success of large, integrated, cross-disciplinary efforts - so-called 'big science' - directed towards complex major objectives. In this article, we discuss the ways in which this ambitious endeavor led to the development of novel technologies and analytical tools, and how it brought the expertise of engineers, computer scientists and mathematicians together with biologists. It established an open approach to data sharing and open-source software, thereby making the data resulting from the project accessible to all. The genome sequences of microbes, plants and animals have revolutionized many fields of science, including microbiology, virology, infectious disease and plant biology. Moreover, deeper knowledge of human sequence variation has begun to alter the practice of medicine. The Human Genome Project has inspired subsequent large-scale data acquisition initiatives such as the International HapMap Project, 1000 Genomes, and The Cancer Genome Atlas, as well as the recently announced Human Brain Project and the emerging Human Proteome Project. PMID:24040834

Hood, Leroy; Rowen, Lee

2013-01-01

136

The Human Genome Project: big science transforms biology and medicine  

PubMed Central

The Human Genome Project has transformed biology through its integrated big science approach to deciphering a reference human genome sequence along with the complete sequences of key model organisms. The project exemplifies the power, necessity and success of large, integrated, cross-disciplinary efforts - so-called ‘big science’ - directed towards complex major objectives. In this article, we discuss the ways in which this ambitious endeavor led to the development of novel technologies and analytical tools, and how it brought the expertise of engineers, computer scientists and mathematicians together with biologists. It established an open approach to data sharing and open-source software, thereby making the data resulting from the project accessible to all. The genome sequences of microbes, plants and animals have revolutionized many fields of science, including microbiology, virology, infectious disease and plant biology. Moreover, deeper knowledge of human sequence variation has begun to alter the practice of medicine. The Human Genome Project has inspired subsequent large-scale data acquisition initiatives such as the International HapMap Project, 1000 Genomes, and The Cancer Genome Atlas, as well as the recently announced Human Brain Project and the emerging Human Proteome Project. PMID:24040834

2013-01-01

137

Science Fair Scene: How to Conduct a Science-Fair Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advice on how to transform a practical idea into a first-class science fair project is provided. How to do scientific research, what to include in a science fair report, how to pick a topic, when to begin, writing the report, and making the display are topics of discussion. (KR)

McQueen, David R.

1991-01-01

138

The Effect of Environmental Science Projects on Students' Environmental Knowledge and Science Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study explores the effectiveness of involving students in environmental science projects for their environmental knowledge and attitudes towards science. The study design is a quasi-experimental pre-post control group design. The sample was 62 11th-grade female students studying at a public school in Oman. The sample was divided into…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Al-Aamri, Shamsa S.

2014-01-01

139

DMP Planning for Big Science Projects  

E-print Network

This report exists to provide high-level guidance for the strategic and engineering development of Data Management and Preservation plans for 'Big Science' data. Although the report's nominal audience is therefore rather narrow, we intend the document to be of use to other planners and data architects who wish to implement good practice in this area. For the purposes of this report, we presume that the reader is broadly persuaded (by external fiat if nothing else) of the need to preserve research data appropriately, and that they have both sophisticated technical support and the budget to support developments. The goal of the document is not to provide mechanically applicable recipes, but to allow the user to develop and lead a high-level plan which is appropriate to their organisation. Throughout, the report is informed where appropriate by the OAIS reference model.

Bicarregui, Juan; Henderson, Rob; Jones, Roger; Lambert, Simon; Matthews, Brian

2012-01-01

140

DMP Planning for Big Science Projects  

E-print Network

This report exists to provide high-level guidance for the strategic and engineering development of Data Management and Preservation plans for 'Big Science' data. Although the report's nominal audience is therefore rather narrow, we intend the document to be of use to other planners and data architects who wish to implement good practice in this area. For the purposes of this report, we presume that the reader is broadly persuaded (by external fiat if nothing else) of the need to preserve research data appropriately, and that they have both sophisticated technical support and the budget to support developments. The goal of the document is not to provide mechanically applicable recipes, but to allow the user to develop and lead a high-level plan which is appropriate to their organisation. Throughout, the report is informed where appropriate by the OAIS reference model.

Juan Bicarregui; Norman Gray; Rob Henderson; Roger Jones; Simon Lambert; Brian Matthews

2012-08-18

141

Project-based learning practices in computer science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EPCoS project (Effective Projectwork in Computer Science) is working to map the range of project-based learning practices in UK higher education and to generate insights into what characterizes the contexts in which particular techniques are effective. In assembling a body of authentic examples, EPCoS aims to provide a resource that enables extrapolation and synthesis of new techniques. To allow

Sally Fincher; Marian Petre

1998-01-01

142

Manufacturing. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Smith, Kenneth L., Ed.

143

Transportation. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Smith, Kenneth L., Ed.

144

Radarsat: The Antarctic Mapping Project Science Requirements and Related Documentation  

E-print Network

of Antarctica on each of two proposed mappings separated by 2 years. This is an unprecedented opportunityRadarsat: The Antarctic Mapping Project Science Requirements and Related Documentation September 1-4 (ASF) 8) ASF must process full-res, quick-look images of all Radarsat standard beam (SB1-3) data

Howat, Ian M.

145

McGuffey Art Center Spotlight Series SCIENCE & ART PROJECT  

E-print Network

as a like-minded community using psychodrama, shamanic energy medicine, and art therapy. #12;McGuffey Art Center Spotlight Series SCIENCE & ART PROJECT www.virginia.edu/sciartproject Healing Trauma through the Arts: The Therapeutic Spiral Model in Action Thursday, November 12, 2009, 7:30-9:30 PM

Acton, Scott

146

Construction. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

147

Science Sampler: The Hot Zone: An interdisciplinary project on viruses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This integrated language arts and science project is based on selected parts of The Hot Zone by Richard Preston. Students read the parts of the book that concentrate on the scientific process of working with hot agent viruses, as well as the decision-making process of those in charge of handling potentially serious outbreak situations.

Northrop, Laura

2006-02-01

148

Project LAUNCH: Bringing Space into Math and Science Classrooms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Project LAUNCH is a K-12 teacher professional development program, which has been created in collaboration between the Whitaker Center for Science, Mathematics and Technology Education at Florida Gulf Coast University (FGCU), and the Florida Space Research Institute (FSRI). Utilizing Space as the overarching theme it is designed to improve mathematics and science teaching, using inquiry based, hands-on teaching practices, which are aligned with Florida s Sunshine State Standards. Many students are excited about space exploration and it provides a great venue to get them involved in science and mathematics. The scope of Project LAUNCH however goes beyond just providing competency in the subject area, as pedagogy is also an intricate part of the project. Participants were introduced to the Conceptual Change Model (CCM) [1] as a framework to model good teaching practices. As the CCM closely follows what scientists call the scientific process, this teaching method is also useful to actively engage institute participants ,as well as their students, in real science. Project LAUNCH specifically targets teachers in low performing, high socioeconomic schools, where the need for skilled teachers is most critical.

Fauerbach, M.; Henry, D. P.; Schmidt, D. L.

2005-01-01

149

Systems Engineering Integrating Project Management, Science, Engineering, and  

E-print Network

, high altitude balloons, aircraft, and sounding rockets � Designing systems for multiple environments&C) � Guidance, navigation, and control (GNC) � Spacecraft fault management � Embedded software systems � ControlSystems Engineering Integrating Project Management, Science, Engineering, and Mission Operations

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

150

Citizen Science Case Study: What's Invasive / Project Budburst Nathan R. Prestopnik  

E-print Network

Citizen Science Case Study: What's Invasive / Project Budburst Nathan R. Prestopnik Syracuse University napresto@syr.edu Abstract What's Invasive and Project Budburst are citizen science projects of citizen science investigations. Associated Links The following links are to projects and related work

Crowston, Kevin

151

Citizen Science Case Study: The Great Sunflower Project Nathan R. Prestopnik  

E-print Network

Citizen Science Case Study: The Great Sunflower Project Nathan R. Prestopnik Syracuse University napresto@syr.edu Abstract The Great Sunflower Project is a citizen science project designed to collect of citizen science dependent investigations. Associated Links The following links are to projects

Crowston, Kevin

152

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com New evidence for animal foresight?  

E-print Network

. number: SC-1321) Keywords: Aphelocoma californica; Bischof-Ko¨hler hypothesis; cognition; foresight refuted, for the first time, the Bischof-Ko¨hler hypothesis in western scrub- jays, Aphelocoma californica

Indiana University

153

Strategic foresight: how planning for the unpredictable can improve environmental decision-making.  

PubMed

Advanced warning of potential new opportunities and threats related to biodiversity allows decision-makers to act strategically to maximize benefits or minimize costs. Strategic foresight explores possible futures, their consequences for decisions, and the actions that promote more desirable futures. Foresight tools, such as horizon scanning and scenario planning, are increasingly used by governments and business for long-term strategic planning and capacity building. These tools are now being applied in ecology, although generally not as part of a comprehensive foresight strategy. We highlight several ways foresight could play a more significant role in environmental decisions by: monitoring existing problems, highlighting emerging threats, identifying promising new opportunities, testing the resilience of policies, and defining a research agenda. PMID:25097098

Cook, Carly N; Inayatullah, Sohail; Burgman, Mark A; Sutherland, William J; Wintle, Brendan A

2014-09-01

154

Managing uncertainty : foresight and flexibility in cryptography and voice over IP policy  

E-print Network

This main question in this dissertation is under what conditions government agencies show foresight in formulating strategies for managing emerging technologies. A secondary question is when they are capable of adaptation. ...

Hung, Shirley Kon-Jean

2008-01-01

155

The NPOESS Preparatory Project Science Data Segment: Brief Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) provides remotely-sensed land, ocean, atmospheric, ozone, and sounder data that will serve the meteorological and global climate change scientific communities while also providing risk reduction for the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS), the U.S. Government s future low-Earth orbiting satellite system monitoring global weather and environmental conditions. NPOESS and NPP are a new era, not only because the sensors will provide unprecedented quality and volume of data but also because it is a joint mission of three federal agencies, NASA, NOAA, and DoD. NASA's primary science role in NPP is to independently assess the quality of the NPP science and environmental data records. Such assessment is critical for making NPOESS products the best that they can be for operational use and ultimately for climate studies. The Science Data Segment (SDS) supports science assessment by assuring the timely provision of NPP data to NASA s science teams organized by climate measurement themes. The SDS breaks down into nine major elements, an input element that receives data from the operational agencies and acts as a buffer, a calibration analysis element, five elements devoted to measurement based quality assessment, an element used to test algorithmic improvements, and an element that provides overall science direction. This paper will describe how the NPP SDS will leverage on NASA experience to provide a mission-reliable research capability for science assessment of NPP derived measurements.

Schweiss, Robert J.; Ho, Evelyn; Ullman, Richard; Samadi, Shahin

2006-01-01

156

Project BudBurst: Citizen Science for All Seasons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Providing opportunities for individuals to contribute to a better understanding of climate change is the hallmark of Project BudBurst (www.budburst.org). This highly successful, national citizen science program, now in its second year, is bringing climate change education outreach to thousands of individuals. Project BudBurst is a national citizen science initiative designed to engage the public in observations of phenological (plant life cycle) events that raise awareness of climate change, and create a cadre of informed citizen scientists. Citizen science programs such as Project BudBurst provide the opportunity for students and interested laypersons to actively participate in scientific research. Such programs are important not only from an educational perspective, but because they also enable scientists to broaden the geographic and temporal scale of their observations. The goals of Project BudBurst are to 1) increase awareness of phenology as an area of scientific study; 2) Increase awareness of the impacts of changing climates on plants; and 3) increase science literacy by engaging participants in the scientific process. From its 2008 launch in February, this on-line educational and data-entry program, engaged participants of all ages and walks of life in recording the timing of the leafing and flowering of wild and cultivated species found across the continent. Thus far, participants from 49 states have submitted data that is being submitted to the USA National Phenology Network (www.usanpn.org) database. Project BudBurst has been the subject of almost 200 media outlets including NPR, national and regional television broadcasts, and most of the major national and regional newspapers. This presentation will provide an overview of Project Budburst and will report on the results of the 2008 field campaign and discuss plans to expand Project BudBurst in 2009. Project BudBurst is a Windows to the Universe Citizen Science program managed by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, the Chicago Botanic Garden, University of Montana in collaboration with the USA -National Phenology Network and with financial support from U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Geological Survey, NEON, and the Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

Meymaris, K.; Henderson, S.; Alaback, P.; Havens, K.

2008-12-01

157

COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT Plant Science Farm (PSF) and Project Leader(s) (PL)  

E-print Network

COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT Between Plant Science Farm (PSF) and Project Leader(s) (PL) Project No. _____________ Short Experiment Title:___________________________________________________________ Project Leader: ___ ___ ____________________________________ Note: Project leaders are responsible for providing supplies and equipment not normally #12;available

Arnold, Jonathan

158

Status of SALT, and joint science projects with GTC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In late 2011, the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) entered its first period of normal science operations, and delivered results finally demonstrating the potential of the spherical mirror paradigm for a low-cost, but very large telescope design. This was only achieved after overcoming two serious technical problems, which delayed the project for several years. However, during testing and commissioning it was still possible to undertake some science in a number of areas. There is now the prospect of a very effective collaboration with GTC, particularly in the area of galactic black-hole X-ray transients.

Charles, P. A.

2013-05-01

159

GEWEX America Prediction Project (GAPP) Science and Implementation Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this Science and Implementation Plan is to describe GAPP science objectives and the activities required to meet these objectives, both specifically for the near-term and more generally for the longer-term. The GEWEX Americas Prediction Project (GAPP) is part of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) initiative that is aimed at observing, understanding and modeling the hydrological cycle and energy fluxes at various time and spatial scales. The mission of GAPP is to demonstrate skill in predicting changes in water resources over intraseasonal-to-interannual time scales, as an integral part of the climate system.

2004-01-01

160

The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War  

SciTech Connect

The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War'' is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details of the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

Gosling, F.G.

1990-08-01

161

Teachers' tendencies to promote student-led science projects: Associations with their views about science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

School science students can benefit greatly from participation in student-directed, open-ended scientific inquiry projects. For various possible reasons, however, students tend not to be engaged in such inquiries. Among factors that may limit their opportunities to engage in open-ended inquiries of their design are teachers' conceptions about science. To explore possible relationships between teachers' conceptions about science and the types of inquiry activities in which they engage students, instrumental case studies of five secondary science teachers were developed, using field notes, repertory grids, samples of lesson plans and student activities, and semistructured interviews. Based on constructivist grounded theory analysis, participating teachers' tendencies to promote student-directed, open-ended scientific inquiry projects seemed to correspond with positions about the nature of science to which they indicated adherence. A tendency to encourage and enable students to carry out student-directed, open-ended scientific inquiry projects appeared to be associated with adherence to social constructivist views about science. Teachers who opposed social constructivist views tended to prefer tight control of student knowledge building procedures and conclusions. We suggest that these results can be explained with reference to human psychological factors, including those associated with teachers' self-esteem and their relationships with knowledge-building processes in the discipline of their teaching.

Bencze, J. Lawrence; Bowen, G. Michael; Alsop, Steve

2006-05-01

162

An Evaluation of the Science Education Component of the Cross River State Science and Technical Education Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cross River State Science and Technical Education Project was introduced in 1992 by edict number 9 of 20 December 1991, "Cross River State Science and Technical Education Board Edit, 20 December, 1991", with the aim of improving the quality of science teaching and learning in the state. As the success of the project depends essentially on…

Ekuri, Emmanuel Etta

2012-01-01

163

COMPASS, the COMmunity Petascale project for Accelerator Science and Simulation, a broad  

E-print Network

COMPASS, the COMmunity Petascale project for Accelerator Science and Simulation, a broad sources and neutron sources for materials studies. COMPASS, the Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (COMPASS) is a computational initiative to provide predictive and analysis

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

164

How to Write a Project Report? Since engineering is an applied science, practical projects are essential components of  

E-print Network

How to Write a Project Report? Since engineering is an applied science, practical projects started with a commitment (to NSF) of delivering project-based education to our students, you need to build a min-set for executing industrial projects. In industrial projects, innovative designs

Guturu, Parthasarathy

165

Bringing science into schools through astronomy. Project ASTRO, Tucson  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report our experience in bringing science into US and French classrooms. We participated in the US scientific educational program Project ASTRO. It is based on a partnership between a school teacher and an astronomer. They together design and realize simple and interesting scientific activities for the children to learn and enjoy science. We present four hands-on activities we realized in a 4th-grade class (10 yr-old kids) in Tucson (USA) in 2002-2003. Among the covered topics were: the Solar System, the Sun (helioseismology) and the Galaxies. We also present a similar experience done in two classrooms in 2005, in Chatenay-Malabry (France) in partnership with an amateur astronomy association (Aphélie), and discuss future activities. This is a pleasant and rewarding activity, extremely well appreciated by the children and the school teachers. It furthermore promotes already at a young age the excitement of science, and provides concrete examples of the scientific methodology.

Barban, C.; Dole, H.

2005-11-01

166

Earth Science Enterprise Scientific Data Purchase Project: Verification and Validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents viewgraphs on the Earth Science Enterprise Scientific Data Purchase Project's verification,and validation process. The topics include: 1) What is Verification and Validation? 2) Why Verification and Validation? 3) Background; 4) ESE Data Purchas Validation Process; 5) Data Validation System and Ingest Queue; 6) Shipment Verification; 7) Tracking and Metrics; 8) Validation of Contract Specifications; 9) Earth Watch Data Validation; 10) Validation of Vertical Accuracy; and 11) Results of Vertical Accuracy Assessment.

Jenner, Jeff; Policelli, Fritz; Fletcher, Rosea; Holecamp, Kara; Owen, Carolyn; Nicholson, Lamar; Dartez, Deanna

2000-01-01

167

A state-wide change initiative: The primary science teacher-leader project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Primary Science Teacher-Leader Project was conducted during 1995 and 1996 as part of the Education Department of Western\\u000a Australia's Science Project. This paper focuses on the implications of this project for primary science education reform.\\u000a It is shown that the project inducted a cadre of skilled and enthusiastic teacher-leaders who impacted on science teaching\\u000a in classrooms throughout the state.

Grady Venville; John Wallace; William Louden

1998-01-01

168

From science fair to project-based science: A study of the implementation of an innovation through an existing activity system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation process is critical to the success of educational innovations. Project-based science is an innovation designed to support students' science learning. Science fair is a pervasive school practice in which students exhibit science projects. Little is known about how science fair may affect the implementation of reform efforts in science education. This study explores the relationship of science fair

Lisa Jean Walker

2003-01-01

169

CO3120 Computer Science with Management Project Credits: 30 Convenor: Dr S. Yang Semester: 1 + 2  

E-print Network

CO3120 Computer Science with Management Project Credits: 30 Convenor: Dr S. Yang Semester: 1 + 2 Subject Knowledge Aims Students will select a project topic chosen from an area of Computer Science. Course Description The purpose of the Computer Science Project is for the student to combine knowledge

Yang, Shengxiang

170

The Computer Science and Informatics Fourth Year Project: Rules and Advice  

E-print Network

The Computer Science and Informatics Fourth Year Project: Rules and Advice Mel ´O Cinn´eide (edited student from both Science and Arts is obliged to undertake a final year project. The purpose of the project is to introduce the student to a particular field of Computer Science and to give them

Murphy, John

171

CO3015 Computer Science Project Credits: 40 Convenor: Dr S. Yang Semester: 1 + 2  

E-print Network

CO3015 Computer Science Project Credits: 40 Convenor: Dr S. Yang Semester: 1 + 2 Prerequisites Knowledge Aims Students will select a project topic chosen from an area of Computer Science that interests of the Computer Science Project is for the student to combine knowledge and skills acquired in level one and two

Yang, Shengxiang

172

CO3014 Mathematics and Computer Science Project Credits: 20 Convenor: Dr S. Yang Semester: 1st  

E-print Network

CO3014 Mathematics and Computer Science Project Credits: 20 Convenor: Dr S. Yang Semester: 1st or 2 of the Mathematics and Computer Science project is for the student to combine skills ac- quired in the other Mathematics and Computer Science modules in the production of a substantial project. In doing this

Yang, Shengxiang

173

Computational Science Technical Note CSTN-011 Teaching students how to be Computer Scientists through student projects  

E-print Network

educational component of a Computer Science degree. We have enjoyed supervising student computing projects.a.james,k.a.hawick}@massey.ac.nz Abstract Student project work is a vital educational compo- nent of a Computer Science degree. We have a surprising "silence" in the Computing Science Education literature. Keywords: Final year student projects

Hawick, Ken

174

National Academy of Sciences Recommends Continued Support of ALMA Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A distinguished panel of scientists today announced their support for the continued funding of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Project at a press conference given by the National Academy of Sciences. The ALMA Project is an international partnership between U.S. and European astronomy organizations to build a complete imaging telescope that will produce astronomical images at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. The U.S. partner is the National Science Foundation, through Associated Universities, Inc., (AUI), led by Dr. Riccardo Giacconi, and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). "We are delighted at this show of continued support from our peers in the scientific community," said Dr. Robert Brown, ALMA U.S. Project Director and Deputy Director of NRAO. "The endorsement adds momentum to the recent strides we've made toward the building of this important telescope." In 1998, the National Research Council, the working arm of the National Academy of Sciences, charged the Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee to "survey the field of space- and ground-based astronomy and astrophysics" and to "recommend priorities for the most important new initiatives of the decade 2000-2010." In a report released today, the committee wrote that it "re-affirms the recommendations of the 1991 Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee by endorsing the completion of . . . the Millimeter Array (MMA, now part of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array)." In the 1991 report "The Decade of Discovery," a previous committee chose the Millimeter Array as one of the most important projects of the decade 1990-2000. Early last year, the National Science Foundation signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a consortium of European organizations that effectively merged the MMA Project with the European Large Southern Array project. The combined project was christened the Atacama Large Millimeter Array. ALMA, expected to consist of 64 antennas with 12-meter diameter dishes, will be built at a high-altitude, extremely dry mountain site in Chile's Atacama desert. The array is scheduled to be completed sometime in this decade. Millimeter-wave astronomy studies the universe in the spectral region where most of its energy lies, between the long-wavelength radio waves and the shorter-wavelength infrared waves. In this realm, ALMA will study the structure of the early universe and the evolution of galaxies; gather crucial data on the formation of stars, protoplanetary disks, and planets; and provide new insights on the familiar objects of our own solar system. "Most of the photons in the Universe lie in the millimeter wavelength regime; among existing or planned instruments only ALMA can image the sources of these photons with the crispness required to understand the events of galaxy, star and planet formation which launched them into space," said NRAO's Dr. Alwyn Wootten, U.S. ALMA Project Scientist. ALMA is an international partnership between the United States (National Science Foundation) and Europe. European participants include the European Southern Observatory, the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), the Max-Planck Gesellschaft (Germany), the Netherlands Foundation for Research in Astronomy, the United Kingdom Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council, the Oficina de Ciencia Y Tecnologia/Instituto Geografico Nacional (Spain), and the Swedish Natural Science Research Council. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation, operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

2000-05-01

175

[Earth and Space Sciences Project Services for NASA HPCC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This grant supported the effort to characterize the problem domain of the Earth Science Technology Office's Computational Technologies Project, to engage the Beowulf Cluster Computing Community as well as the High Performance Computing Research Community so that we can predict the applicability of said technologies to the scientific community represented by the CT project and formulate long term strategies to provide the computational resources necessary to attain the anticipated scientific objectives of the CT project. Specifically, the goal of the evaluation effort is to use the information gathered over the course of the Round-3 investigations to quantify the trends in scientific expectations, the algorithmic requirements and capabilities of high-performance computers to satisfy this anticipated need.

Merkey, Phillip

2002-01-01

176

Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration funded project, Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities has been in operation since July, 1995. This project operated as a collaboration with Massachusetts Corporation for Educational Telecommunications, the Federal Aviation Administration, Bridgewater State College and four targeted "core sites" in the greater Boston area. In its first and second years, a video series on aeronautics and aviation science was developed and broadcast via "live, interactive" satellite feed. Accompanying teacher and student supplementary instructional materials for grades 6-9 were produced and disseminated by the Massachusetts Corporation for Educational Telecommunications (MCET). In the MCET grant application it states that project Take Off! in its initial phase would recruit and train teachers at "core" sites in the greater Boston area, as well as opening participation to other on-line users of MCET's satellite feeds. "Core site" classrooms would become equipped so that teachers and students might become engaged in an interactive format which aimed at not only involving the students during the "live" broadcast of the instructional video series, but which would encourage participation in electronic information gathering and sharing among participants. As a Take Off! project goal, four schools with a higher than average proportion of minority and underrepresented youth were invited to become involved with the project to give these students the opportunity to consider career exploration and development in the field of science aviation and aeronautics. The four sites chosen to participate in this project were: East Boston High School, Dorchester High School, Randolph Junior-Senior High School and Malden High School. In year 3 Dorchester was unable to continue to fully participate and exited out. Danvers was added to the "core site" list in year 3. In consideration of Goals 2000, the National Science Foundation standards for quality of teaching, and an educational agenda that promotes high standards for all students, Aeronautics and Aviation Science: Careers and Opportunities had as its aim to deliver products to schools, both in and outside the project sites, which attempt to incorporate multi-disciplined approaches in the presentation of a curriculum which would be appropriate in any classroom, while also aiming to appeal to young women and minorities. The curriculum was developed to provide students with fundamentals of aeronautics and aviation science. The curriculum also encouraged involving students and teachers in research projects, and further information gathering via electronic bulletin boards and internet capabilities. Though not entirely prescriptive, the curriculum was designed to guide teachers through recommended activities to supplement MCET's live telecast video presentations. Classroom teachers were encouraged to invite local pilots, meteorologists, and others from the field of aviation and aeronautics, particularly women and minorities to visit schools and to field questions from the students.

Texter, P. Cardie

1998-01-01

177

Foresight for commanders: a methodology to assist planning for effects-based operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Looking at the battlespace as a system of systems is a cornerstone of Effects-Based Operations and a key element in the planning of such operations, and in developing the Commander's Predictive Environment. Instead of a physical battleground to be approached with weapons of force, the battlespace is an interrelated super-system of political, military, economic, social, information and infrastructure systems to be approached with diplomatic, informational, military and economic actions. A concept that has proved useful in policy arenas other than defense, such as research and development for information technology, addressing cybercrime, and providing appropriate and cost-effective health care, is foresight. In this paper, we provide an overview of how the foresight approach addresses the inherent uncertainties in planning courses of action, present a set of steps in the conduct of foresight, and then illustrate the application of foresight to a commander's decision problem. We conclude that foresight approach that we describe is consistent with current doctrinal intelligence preparation of the battlespace and operational planning, but represents an advance in that it explicitly addresses the uncertainties in the environment and planning in a way that identifies strategies that are robust over different possible ground truths. It should supplement other planning methods.

Davis, Paul K.; Kahan, James P.

2006-05-01

178

Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao: A Science Curriculum Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In antiquity, the first people to step foot on what are now known as the Hawaiian islands skillfully traversed the Pacific Ocean using celestial navigation and learned observations of scientific phenomena. Long before the Western world ventured beyond the horizon, Hawaiians had invented the chronometer, built aqueduct systems (awai) that continue to amaze modern engineers, and had preventive health systems as well as a comprehensive knowledge of medicinal plants (including antivirals) which only now are working their way through trials for use in modern pharmacopia. Yet, today, Native Hawaiians are severely underrepresented in science-related fields, reflecting (in part) a failure of the Western educational system to nurture the potential of these resourceful students, particularly the many "at-risk" students who are presently over-represented in special education. A curriculum which draws from and incorporates traditional Hawaiian values and knowledge is needed to reinforce links to the inquiry process which nurtured creative thinking during the renaissance of Polynesian history. The primary goal of the Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao Project (translation: `science` or `work in which you seek enlightenment, knowledge or wisdom`) is to increase the number of Native Hawaiian adults in science-related postsecondary education and employment fields. Working closely with Native Hawaiian cultural experts and our high school partners, we will develop and implement a culturally responsive 11th and 12th grade high school science curriculum, infused with math, literacy and technology readiness skills. Software and assistive technology will be used to adapt instruction to individual learners` reading levels, specific disabilities and learning styles. To ease the transition from secondary to post-secondary education, selected grade 12 students will participate in planned project activities that link high school experiences with college science-related programs of study. Ka Hana `Imi Na`auao is funded through a grant awarded to the University of Hawaii Center on Disability Studies (R.A. Stodden, PI) from the U.S. Department of Education, Native Hawaiian Education Act. Project information and curricula are available at http://www.scihi.hawaii.edu/.

Napeahi, K.; Roberts, K. D.; Galloway, L. M.; Stodden, R. A.; Akuna, J.; Bruno, B.

2005-12-01

179

Science issues of the "Spektr-UF" project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Spektr-UF" project ("World Space Observatory-Ultraviolet" (WSO-UV)) will be the largest space observatory for observations in the UV band. In this paper we briefly outline the key science issues that the WSO-UV will address during its lifetime with the help of its instrumentation: spectrographs and a field camera unit. Of special interest are early Universe physics (reionization and search for baryonic matter), star formation, chemical evolution of galaxies, astrophysical accretion processes, stellar atmosphere physics, and planetary atmosphere studies.

Shustov, B. M.; Sachkov, M. E.

2014-12-01

180

Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The UCLA Plasma Simulation Group is a major partner of the "Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation. This is the final technical report. We include an overall summary, a list of publications and individual progress reports for each years. During the past five years we have made tremendous progress in enhancing the capabilities of OSIRIS and QuickPIC, in developing new algorithms and data structures for PIC codes to run on GPUS and many future core architectures, and in using these codes to model experiments and in making new scientific discoveries. Here we summarize some highlights for which SciDAC was a major contributor.

Warren B. Mori

2013-02-01

181

Conceptual planning for Space Station life sciences human research project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Life Sciences Research Facility dedicated laboratory is currently undergoing system definition within the NASA Space Station program. Attention is presently given to the Humam Research Project portion of the Facility, in view of representative experimentation requirement scenarios and with the intention of accommodating the Facility within the Initial Operational Capability configuration of the Space Station. Such basic engineering questions as orbital and ground logistics operations and hardware maintenance/servicing requirements are addressed. Biospherics, calcium homeostasis, endocrinology, exercise physiology, hematology, immunology, muscle physiology, neurosciences, radiation effects, and reproduction and development, are among the fields of inquiry encompassed by the Facility.

Primeaux, Gary R.; Miller, Ladonna J.; Michaud, Roger B.

1986-01-01

182

Pupils' Projects from Zambia. Third World Science. A Collection of Third Form Science Projects from Lubushi Seminary, Kasama, Zambia as Written and Drawn by the Pupils Themselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Third World Science Project (TWSP) is designed to add a multicultural element to existing science syllabi (for students aged 11-16) in the United Kingdom. The project seeks to develop an appreciation of the: boundless facination of the natural world; knowledge, skills, and expertise possessed by men/women everywhere; application of knowledge…

University Coll. of North Wales, Bangor (United Kingdom). School of Education.

183

New challenges for Life Sciences flight project management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scientists have conducted studies involving human spaceflight crews for over three decades. These studies have progressed from simple observations before and after each flight to sophisticated experiments during flights of several weeks up to several months. The findings from these experiments are available in the scientific literature. Management of these flight experiments has grown into a system fashioned from the Apollo Program style, focusing on budgeting, scheduling and allocation of human and material resources. While these areas remain important to the future, the International Space Station (ISS) requires that the Life Sciences spaceflight experiments expand the existing project management methodology. The use of telescience with state-the-art information technology and the multi-national crews and investigators challenges the former management processes. Actually conducting experiments on board the ISS will be an enormous undertaking and International Agreements and Working Groups will be essential in giving guidance to the flight project management Teams forged in this matrix environment must be competent to make decisions and qualified to work with the array of engineers, scientists, and the spaceflight crews. In order to undertake this complex task, data systems not previously used for these purposes must be adapted so that the investigators and the project management personnel can all share in important information as soon as it is available. The utilization of telescience and distributed experiment operations will allow the investigator to remain involved in their experiment as well as to understand the numerous issues faced by other elements of the program The complexity in formation and management of project teams will be a new kind of challenge for international science programs. Meeting that challenge is essential to assure success of the International Space Station as a laboratory in space.

Huntoon, C. L.

1999-01-01

184

Improving Environmental Literacy through GO3 Citizen Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Global Ozone (GO3) Project students measure ground-level ozone on a continuous basis and upload their results to a global network used by atmospheric scientists and schools. Students learn important concepts such as chemical measurement methods; instrumentation; calibration; data acquisition using computers; data quality; statistics; data analysis and graphing; posting of data to the web; the chemistry of air pollution; stratospheric ozone depletion and global climate change. Students collaborate with researchers and other students globally in the GO3 network. Wilson K-8 School is located in a suburban area in Pima County, Arizona. Throughout the year we receive high ozone alert days. Prior to joining the GO3 project, my students were unaware of air pollution alerts, risks and causes. In the past when Pima County issued alerts to the school, they were posted on signs around the school. No explanation was provided to the students and the signs were often left up for days. This discounted the potential health effects of the situation, resulting in the alerts effectively being ignored. The GO3 project is transforming both my students and our school community. Now my students are:

  • Performing science research
  • Utilizing technology and increasing their skills
  • Collaborating in a responsible manner on the global GO3 social network
  • Communicating their work to the community
  • Issuing their own ozone alerts to their school
  • Advocating for actions that will improve air quality
My students participation in this citizen science project is creating a more cognizant and active community in regards to air pollution.

Wilkening, B.

2011-12-01

185

New challenges for life sciences flight project management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists have conducted studies involving human spaceflight crews for over three decades. These studies have progressed from simple observations before and after each flight to sophisticated experiments during flights of several weeks up to several months. The findings from these experiments are available in the scientific literature. Management of these flight experiments has grown into a system fashioned from the Apollo Program style, focusing on budgeting, scheduling and allocation of human and material resources. While these areas remain important to the future, the International Space Station (ISS) requires that the Life Sciences spaceflight experiments expand the existing project management methodology. The use of telescience with state-of-the-art information technology and the multi-national crews and investigators challenges the former management processes. Actually conducting experiments on board the ISS will be an enormous undertaking and International Agreements and Working Groups will be essential in giving guidance to the flight project management Teams forged in this matrix environment must be competent to make decisions and qualified to work with the array of engineers, scientists, and the spaceflight crews. In order to undertake this complex task, data systems not previously used for these purposes must be adapted so that the investigators and the project management personnel can all share in important information as soon as it is available. The utilization of telescience and distributed experiment operations will allow the investigator to remain involved in their experiment as well as to understand the numerous issues faced by other elements of the program. The complexity in formation and management of project teams will be a new kind of challenge for international science programs. Meeting that challenge is essential to assure success of the International Space Station as a laboratory in space.

Huntoon, Carolyn L.

1999-09-01

186

Science communication and information dissemination: the role of the information professional in the 'Perception and Awareness of Science' project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on the methodology and results of a project on the perception and awareness of science, carried out by the Italian National Research Council, the British Council Italy and the Rosselli Foundation. The project, addressed to upper high school and university students, aims to clarify understanding of the interaction between science and society both by means of information

Luciana Libutti; Adriana Valente

2006-01-01

187

FEATURED PROJECT Biomedical Sciences Building: Slated to open in March 2012, UCSC's  

E-print Network

Santa Cruz FEATURED PROJECT Biomedical Sciences Building: Slated to open in March 2012, UCSC;Projects in Planning and Design Coastal Biology Building: Surging enrollments in biological sciences's state-of-the-art biomedical sciences building will foster cutting-edge in- terdisciplinary research

California at Santa Cruz, University of

188

APPLYING THE AFFINITY RESEARCH GROUP MODEL TO COMPUTER SCIENCE RESEARCH PROJECTS  

E-print Network

APPLYING THE AFFINITY RESEARCH GROUP MODEL TO COMPUTER SCIENCE RESEARCH PROJECTS ARGAffinity TO COMPUTER SCIENCE RESEARCH PROJECTS Patricia J. Teller1 and Ann Q. Gates 2 1 Patricia J. Teller. This paper addresses this question by describing how the model has been applied to computer science research

Cheon, Yoonsik

189

A Study on the Evaluation of Science Projects of Primary School Students Based on Scientific Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study re-evaluated 454 science projects that were prepared by primary school students between 2007 and 2011 within the scope of Science Projects Event for Primary School Students. Also, submitted to TUBITAK BIDEB Bursa regional science board by MNE regional work groups in accordance with scientific research methods and techniques, including…

Gungor, Sema Nur; Ozer, Dilek Zeren; Ozkan, Muhlis

2013-01-01

190

Science with Herschel: Results from the HERITAGE project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Herschel Space Observatory completed its last observation on 2013 April 29 after completing 35 000 astronomical observations resulting in numerous discoveries. In this review, we describe the capabilities and general scope of the Herschel mission. In particular, we review the science results from one of the open time key programs, the HERschel Inventory of The Agents of Galaxy Evolution (HERITAGE) in the Magellanic Clouds. The HERITAGE project mapped the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 ?m using the SPIRE/PACS parallel mode. The total global fluxes for the LMC and SMC agree with measurements by other missions, including Planck. The HERITAGE maps of the LMC and SMC are dominated by the ISM dust emission and bear most resemblance to the tracers of ISM gas rather than the stellar content of the galaxies. The overriding science goal of HERITAGE is to study the life cycle of matter as traced by dust in the LMC and SMC. The far-infrared and submillimeter emission is an effective tracer of the interstellar medium (ISM) dust, the most deeply embedded young stellar objects (YSOs) and the dust ejected by the most massive stars which are discussed briefly in this review. The HERITAGE team has delivered the maps and source catalogs created for each of the 5 bands to the Herschel Science Center archive which will hold the legacy of Herschel.

Meixner, M.; Seale, J.; Roman-Duval, J.; Gordon, K.; HERITAGE Team

191

Introduction to the Science Teacher Training in an Information Society (STTIS) Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the aims and structure of the Science Teacher Training in an Information Society (STTIS) project and sets the work reported in this issue of the journal in the context of the whole project. The project addressed general questions and challenges that the Information Society posed to science educators. (Author/MM)

Pinto, Roser

2002-01-01

192

Inquiry Science and Technology Integration Project: A View of Teacher Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Eisenhower-funded science improvement project with activities endorsed by American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), including science as inquiry and technology integration, was conducted by Valdosta State University (VSU) for four years in four Georgia Counties. Positive results…

Gordon, Patricia; Gerber, Brian; Price, Catherine

193

Data Publication in the Meteorological Sciences: the OJIMS project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historically speaking, scientific publication has mainly focussed on the analysis, interpretation and conclusions drawn from a given dataset, as these are the information that can be easily published in hard copy text format with the aid of diagrams. Examining the raw data that forms the dataset is often difficult to do, as datasets are usually stored in digital media, in a variety of (often proprietary or non-standard) formats. This means that the peer-review process is generally only applied to the methodology and final conclusions of a piece of work, and not the underlying data itself. Yet for the conclusions to stand, the data must be of good quality, and the peer-review process must be used to judge the data quality. Data publication, involving the peer-review of datasets, would be of benefit to many sectors of the academic community. For the data scientists, who often spend considerable time and effort ensuring that their data and metadata is complete, valid and stored in an accredited data repository, this would provide academic credit in the form of extra publications and citations. Data publication would benefit the wider community, allowing discovery and reuse of useful datasets, ensuring their curation and providing the best possible value for money. Overlay journals are a technology which is already being used to facilitate peer review and publication on-line. The Overlay Journal Infrastructure for Meteorological Sciences (OJIMS) Project aimed to develop the mechanisms that could support both a new (overlay) Journal of Meteorological Data and an Open-Access Repository for documents related to the meteorological sciences. The OJIMS project was conducted by a partnership between the UK's Royal Meteorological Society (RMetS) and two members of the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), the British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) and the University of Leeds. Conference delegates at the NCAS Conference in Bristol of 8-10 December 2008 were invited to complete a survey to assess the potential implications for the meteorological sciences should a data journal and an open access subject repository be created and operated. Supervised run-throughs of a demonstrator Journal of Meteorological Data were also carried out by seven volunteers at the conference. The feedback from the surveys and demonstrations became part of the reports and recommendations produced by the project. This included discussion of the benefits to data creators, the review process, branding, version control and citations. The project concluded that standard online journal technologies are suitable for the development and operation of a data journal as they allow the use of all the functions of journals without the need to engineer new solutions. The user surveys and interviews also showed that there is a significant desire in the meteorological sciences community for a data journal.

Callaghan, Sarah; Hewer, Fiona; Pepler, Sam; Hardaker, Paul; Gadian, Alan

2010-05-01

194

National Science Foundation Project on Web-Based Education in IT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The National Science Foundation (U.S.A) project # DUE0196015[1] aims to provide online educational materials forcourses in Information Technology (IT) and Computer Science(CS) areas at the 2-year and 4-year college level.

Vladimir Uskov

2001-01-01

195

Space Sciences Education and Outreach Project of Moscow State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

sergekras@mail.ru The space sciences education and outreach project was initiated at Moscow State University in order to incorporate modern space research into the curriculum popularize the basics of space physics, and enhance public interest in space exploration. On 20 January 2005 the first Russian University Satellite “Universitetskiy-Tatyana” was launched into circular polar orbit (inclination 83 deg., altitude 940-980 km). The onboard scientific complex “Tatyana“, as well as the mission control and information receiving centre, was designed and developed at Moscow State University. The scientific programme of the mission includes measurements of space radiation in different energy channels and Earth UV luminosity and lightning. The current education programme consists of basic multimedia lectures “Life of the Earth in the Solar Atmosphere” and computerized practice exercises “Space Practice” (based on the quasi-real-time data obtained from “Universitetskiy-Tatyana” satellite and other Internet resources). A multimedia lectures LIFE OF EARTH IN THE SOLAR ATMOSPHERE containing the basic information and demonstrations of heliophysics (including Sun structure and solar activity, heliosphere and geophysics, solar-terrestrial connections and solar influence on the Earth’s life) was created for upper high-school and junior university students. For the upper-university students there a dozen special computerized hands-on exercises were created based on the experimental quasi-real-time data obtained from our satellites. Students specializing in space physics from a few Russian universities are involved in scientific work. Educational materials focus on upper high school, middle university and special level for space physics students. Moscow State University is now extending its space science education programme by creating multimedia lectures on remote sensing, space factors and materials study, satellite design and development, etc. The space sciences educational activity of Moscow State University is a non-profit project and is open for all interested parties. “Space schools” for university teachers and students were held in the autumn of 2004 and 2005. The main objective of those schools was to attract interest in space research. Tutors and students who took part in these schools had never before been involved in the space sciences. The idea behind these schools was to join forces: Moscow State University scientists gave space science lectures, students from different universities (Ulianovsk, Samara, Kostroma and other Russian universities) performed the work (prepared educational material) and their university teachers managed the students. After participating in these schools, both students and teachers started to study space science related topics emphasizing the success of these schools. It is important for the educational community to understand what skills future space scientists and space industry employees must be equipped with. In the next years, emphasis is to be placed on space science education at all educational levels and better communication should be practiced between universities and industry.

Krasotkin, S.

2006-11-01

196

Earth Science community support in the EGI-Inspire Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth Science Grid community is following its strategy of propagating Grid technology to the ES disciplines, setting up interactive collaboration among the members of the community and stimulating the interest of stakeholders on the political level since ten years already. This strategy was described in a roadmap published in an Earth Science Informatics journal. It was applied through different European Grid projects and led to a large Grid Earth Science VRC that covers a variety of ES disciplines; in the end, all of them were facing the same kind of ICT problems. .. The penetration of Grid in the ES community is indicated by the variety of applications, the number of countries in which ES applications are ported, the number of papers in international journals and the number of related PhDs. Among the six virtual organisations belonging to ES, one, ESR, is generic. Three others -env.see-grid-sci.eu, meteo.see-grid-sci.eu and seismo.see-grid-sci.eu- are thematic and regional (South Eastern Europe) for environment, meteorology and seismology. The sixth VO, EGEODE, is for the users of the Geocluster software. There are also ES users in national VOs or VOs related to projects. The services for the ES task in EGI-Inspire concerns the data that are a key part of any ES application. The ES community requires several interfaces to access data and metadata outside of the EGI infrastructure, e.g. by using grid-enabled database interfaces. The data centres have also developed service tools for basic research activities such as searching, browsing and downloading these datasets, but these are not accessible from applications executed on the Grid. The ES task in EGI-Inspire aims to make these tools accessible from the Grid. In collaboration with GENESI-DR (Ground European Network for Earth Science Interoperations - Digital Repositories) this task is maintaining and evolving an interface in response to new requirements that will allow data in the GENESI-DR infrastructure to be accessed from EGI resources to enable future research activities by this HUC. The international climate community for IPCC has created the Earth System Grid (ESG) to store and share climate data. There is a need to interface ESG with EGI for climate studies - parametric, regional and impact aspects. Critical points concern the interoperability of security mechanism between both "organisations", data protection policy, data transfer, data storage and data caching. Presenter: Horst Schwichtenberg Co-Authors: Monique Petitdidier (IPSL), Andre Gemünd (SCAI), Wim Som de Cerff (KNMI), Michael Schnell (SCAI)

Schwichtenberg, H.

2012-04-01

197

To the Chairman of the Teaching Committee Project for examination for Computer Science in Trinity term 2010  

E-print Network

To the Chairman of the Teaching Committee Project for examination for Computer Science in Trinity term 2010 Computer Science 4th Year Project Registration NAME of undergraduate: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COLLEGE: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TITLE of project

Oxford, University of

198

To the Chairman of the Teaching Committee Project for examination for Computer Science in Trinity term 2012  

E-print Network

To the Chairman of the Teaching Committee Project for examination for Computer Science in Trinity term 2012 Computer Science 3rd Year Project Registration NAME of undergraduate: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TITLE of project

Oxford, University of

199

The Science Motivating the UK's Fourth Generation Light Source Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The UK is committed to developing a proposal for a long wavelength (THz - soft X-ray) 4^th generation light source that will provide short-pulse synchronised beams to be used in combination. Some of the science motivating the development of this facility is described. The facility will probe ultra-fast dynamics in a wide range of fields. `Pump-probe' experiments will allow the study of chemical reactions and short-lived intermediates on the timescale of bond formation, even for very dilute species. Circularly polarised light sources in a variety of frequency regimes will be used for example to manipulate and monitor carrier charge and spin transport in device structures. The high intensity of the free electron laser (FEL) radiation will allow high resolution in imaging and the opportunity to probe nonlinear regimes and new states of matter. Lower intensity, high repetition rate spontaneous radiation will provide ideal sources for ultra-high energy resolution spectroscopy, especially in the solid state. Around 22 M funding has been obtained for the first stages of the project (construction of a prototype energy recovery linac (ERL) source, science demonstrations and design study work, currently underway at STFC Daresbury Laboratory).

Flavell, Wendy

2008-03-01

200

Episodic Memory and Episodic Foresight in 3- and 5-Year-Old Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, we examined the development of episodic memory and episodic foresight. Three- and 5-year-olds were interviewed individually using a personalised timeline that included photographs of them at different points in their life. After constructing the timeline with the experimenter, each child was asked to discuss a number of…

Hayne, Harlene; Gross, Julien; McNamee, Stephanie; Fitzgibbon, Olivia; Tustin, Karen

2011-01-01

201

Local social knowledge management: Community actors, institutions and multilevel governance in regional foresight exercises  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key question for policymakers at the regional and local level is how to provide the right conditions for generating the growth of more knowledge-intensive forms of economic activity within the context of dynamic innovation systems or learning regions. Regional foresight exercises may provide a useful instrument in helping chart their economic strategies. Successful regions must be able to engage

Meric S. Gertler; David A. Wolfe

2004-01-01

202

Technological foresight—the use of biotechnology in the development of new drugs against breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is to demonstrate knowledge and information management as a mechanism for developing technological foresight regarding the use of biotechnology in drugs for breast cancer. The methodology applies competitive intelligence (CI) tools to identify international trends concerning drugs for treatment and\\/or diagnosis, and to identify leading institutions. The study was performed by collecting, treating and analyzing

Claudia Canongia; Adelaide Antunes; Maria de Nazaré Freitas Pereira

2004-01-01

203

Creative Processes in Policy Making: A Case for Context in Foresight  

E-print Network

Creative Processes in Policy Making: A Case for Context in Foresight Jennifer Cassingena Harper1 and Gordon J. Pace2 " Creative individuals, ..., may gain advantage from higher levels of associative thinking, since they are capable of effectively processing these increased inputs without the risk

Pace, Gordon J.

204

Estimating the value of foresight: aggregate analysis of natural hazard mitigation benefits and costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hazard mitigation planners claim that foresighted present actions and investments produce significant future benefits. However, they have difficulty in supporting their claims, since previously their evidence typically was derived from individual case studies. Constituents and decision makers are often sceptical, believing that individual cases are either inapplicable to their situation or non-randomly selected to support a particular view. Planners need

David R. Godschalk; Adam Rose; Elliott Mittler; Keith Porter; Carol Taylor West

2009-01-01

205

Land Application of Wastewater Sludges: A National Science Foundation Student-Originated Studies Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a student-originated studies project, funded by the National Science Foundation, on land application of wastewater sludges. Describes the students' proposal, research methods, and evaluation of the project. (DS)

Bender, Timothy J.; Barnard, Walther M.

1981-01-01

206

Final report, Joint Fire Science Program Project: 00-2-19  

E-print Network

Final report, Joint Fire Science Program Project: 00-2-19 Project Title: Stand and fuel treatments. · Burning duff layers around the base of mature trees when the lower duff layers were moist and cold

Fried, Jeremy S.

207

Science in an Integrated Primary School Project on Water: Part 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes water-related activities in an elementary school science project. These activities focus on electric generators, rainfall, erosion, floating, water conservation, and other areas. Brief comments on developing such a project are included. (JN)

Ward, Alan

1984-01-01

208

The Center for Science and Mathematics Education (CSME) at the University of Utah has developed the Utah Science in Prisons Project (USPP) to bring nature and science to individuals incarcerated in Utah. USPP will involve scientists, o enders, corrections  

E-print Network

developed the Utah Science in Prisons Project (USPP) to bring nature and science to individuals incarcerated on this project, contact the Center for Science and Mathematics Education: Nalini Nadkarni, USPP Director to science and scientists. w w w. c s m e. u t a h . e d u / U S P P UTAH SCIENCE IN PRISONS PROJECT USPP #12;

209

Computer Science & Engineering (CSE) Innovation Lab Senior Design Capstone Projects  

E-print Network

Computer Science & Engineering (CSE) Innovation Lab Senior Design Capstone educational experience of Computer Science & Engineering students. Students are organized into teams of computer science, software engineering, and computer engineering; (3) Gain professional practice

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

210

Computer Science MS degree Plan C Certification of Project, Report, and Oral Presentation Requirements  

E-print Network

Computer Science MS degree Plan C Certification of Project, Report, and Oral Presentation of Project or Activity Course Instructor Initial here ___ Project: ____ Half - (50-99 hours expected effort *************************************************************************************************************** Term/Yr Course Number Course Name Instructor Grade Brief Description of Project or Activity Course

Minnesota, University of

211

Success in Forensic Science Research and Other Collaborative Projects: Meeting Your Partners’ Expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forensic science is increasingly used in civil and criminal investigations and court proceedings. Over the past decade there has been a marked increase in the number of large collaborative and interagency research projects looking at the effectiveness of forensic science. Whether these large inter- agency projects will be successful is based on two fundamentals: whether the research produces quality outputs

Sally F. Kelty; Roberta Julian

2011-01-01

212

Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford Grade 06S Parttime Project Administrator  

E-print Network

Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford Grade 06S Parttime Project Administrator Further Details This post is open to internal applicants only The Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford has a vacancy for a Parttime Project Administrator to support the work of Professor

Oxford, University of

213

The Science Workbook of Student Research Projects in Food - Agriculture - Natural Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook provides descriptions of research projects for high school and middle school science teachers and students. The projects can be used as demonstrations in the laboratory or classroom to help teachers illustrate the practical application of basic science principles. They can also be used by students, under the guidance of the teachers,…

Darrow, Edward E., Ed.

214

STARS2: Students, Teachers, And Resources in the Sciences, A USF/ NSF GK-12 Fellows Project.  

E-print Network

1 STARS2: Students, Teachers, And Resources in the Sciences, Phase II A USF/ NSF GK-12 Fellows Project. FELLOWSHIP ANNOUNCEMENT The STARS Research Fellowship is designed to engage graduate students in the classrooms. Project STARS has close partnerships with the School District's science and mathematics

Arslan, Hüseyin

215

Nuclear Science--A Guide to the Nuclear Science Wall Chart 2003 Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEP)  

E-print Network

Nuclear Science--A Guide to the Nuclear Science Wall Chart ©2003 Contemporary Physics Education Project (CPEP) 7-1 Chapter 7 Nuclear Reactions Nuclear reactions and nuclear scattering are used, protons, alphas, or "heavy ions"), creates these reactions when they strike a target nucleus. Nuclear

216

Swansea Science Summer School Swansea Science Summer School (S4) is a Welsh Government funded project offering  

E-print Network

adaptations in animals. In Geography participants will be shown how climate change is a real scientific issue Government funded project offering Year 12 students from Wales the chance to participate in day and week-long science schools at Swansea University's College of Science. S4 offers taster days and week-long programmes

Harman, Neal.A.

217

Physical and Information Sciences and Engineering: Report of the Project 2061 Phase I Physical and Information Sciences and Engineering Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of five panel reports that have been prepared as part of the first phase of Project 2061, a long-term, multipurpose undertaking of the American Association for the Advancement of Science designed to help reform science, mathematics, and technology education in the United States. Major sections included are: (1) "Introduction"…

Bugliarello, George

218

Format-free databases and the construction of knowledge in primary school science projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most current science education reform documents are placing much emphasis on having students become competent in identifying, accessing and operating upon relevant information sources and in using the information to construct new knowledge. One of the means they suggest for achieving these aims is science project work. However, a review of the research literature indicates that little knowledge construction occurs during science projects. This article reports on a study in which a teacher used the collaborative development of a format-free computer database to facilitate the construction of knowledge by a group of three Year 6 students during a science project.

Nason, Rod; Lloyd, Peter; Ginns, Ian

1996-09-01

219

The role of project science in the Chandra X-ray Observatory  

E-print Network

The Chandra X-ray Observatory, one of NASA's Great Observatories, has an outstanding record of scientific and technical success. This success results from the efforts of a team comprising NASA, its contractors, the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, the instrument groups, and other elements of the scientific community -- including the thousands of scientists who utilize this powerful facility for astrophysical research. We discuss the role of NASA Project Science in the formulation, development, calibration, and operation of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. In addition to serving as an interface between the scientific community and the Project, Project Science performed what we term "science systems engineering". This activity encompasses translation of science requirements into technical requirements and assessment of the scientific impact of programmatic and technical trades. We briefly describe several examples of science systems engineering conducted by Chandra Project Science.

Stephen L. O'Dell; Martin C. Weisskopf

2006-06-14

220

Worldview, Science and the Understanding of Nature (Scientific Literacy and Cultural Studies Project #169)  

E-print Network

Project #169) Dr. William W. Cobern, Director The Mallinson Institute for Science Education Western professional interest is science education for the general public­ "Science for All" is the American expression remember being glued to the television set through the great events of the Apollo missions. From junior

Cobern, William W.

221

Pacific CRYSTAL Project: Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science literacy leading to fuller and informed participation in the public debate about science, technology, society, and environmental (STSE) issues that produce justified decisions and sustainable actions is the shared and central goal of the Pacific CRYSTAL Project. There is broad agreement by science education researchers that learners need…

Anthony, Robert J.; Tippett, Christine D.; Yore, Larry D.

2010-01-01

222

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) Science Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) field campaign will provide a detailed set of observations with which to (1) perform radiative and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) closure studies, (2) evaluate a new retrieval algorithm for aerosol optical depth (AOD) in the presence of clouds using passive remote sensing, (3) extend a previously developed technique to investigate aerosol indirect effects, and (4) evaluate the performance of a detailed regional-scale model and a more parameterized global-scale model in simulating particle activation and AOD associated with the aging of anthropogenic aerosols. To meet these science objectives, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility will deploy the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) and the Mobile Aerosol Observing System (MAOS) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, for a 12-month period starting in the summer of 2012 in order to quantify aerosol properties, radiation, and cloud characteristics at a location subject to both clear and cloudy conditions, and clean and polluted conditions. These observations will be supplemented by two aircraft intensive observation periods (IOPs), one in the summer and a second in the winter. Each IOP will deploy one, and possibly two, aircraft depending on available resources. The first aircraft will be equipped with a suite of in situ instrumentation to provide measurements of aerosol optical properties, particle composition and direct-beam irradiance. The second aircraft will fly directly over the first and use a multi-wavelength high spectral resolution lidar (HSRL) and scanning polarimeter to provide continuous optical and cloud properties in the column below.

Berkowitz, CM; Berg, LK; Cziczo, DJ; Flynn, CJ; Kassianov, EI; Fast, JD; Rasch, PJ; Shilling, JE; Zaveri, RA; Zelenyuk, A; Ferrare, RA; Hostetler, CA; Cairns, B; Russell, PB; Ervens, B

2011-07-27

223

NASA's NPOESS Preparatory Project Science Data Segment: A Framework for Measurement-based Earth Science Data Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) Science Data Segment (SDS) provides a framework for the future of NASA s distributed Earth science data systems. The NPP SDS performs research and data product assessment while using a fully distributed architecture. The components of this architecture are organized around key environmental data disciplines: land, ocean, ozone, atmospheric sounding, and atmospheric composition. The SDS thus establishes a set of concepts and a working prototypes. This paper describes the framework used by the NPP Project as it enabled Measurement-Based Earth Science Data Systems for the assessment of NPP products.

Schwaller, Mathew R.; Schweiss, Robert J.

2007-01-01

224

Support of an Active Science Project by a Large Information System: Lessons for the EOS Era  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ability of large information systems to support the changing data requirements of active science projects is being tested in a NASA collaborative study. This paper briefly profiles both the active science project and the large information system involved in this effort and offers some observations about the effectiveness of the project support. This is followed by lessons that are important for those participating in large information systems that need to support active science projects or that make available the valuable data produced by these projects. We learned in this work that it is difficult for a large information system focused on long term data management to satisfy the requirements of an on-going science project. For example, in order to provide the best service, it is important for all information system staff to keep focused on the needs and constraints of the scientists in the development of appropriate services. If the lessons learned in this and other science support experiences are not applied by those involved with large information systems of the EOS (Earth Observing System) era, then the final data products produced by future science projects may not be robust or of high quality, thereby making the conduct of the project science less efficacious and reducing the value of these unique suites of data for future research.

Angelici, Gary L.; Skiles, J. W.; Popovici, Lidia Z.

1993-01-01

225

ASE-Wellcome Trust Citizenship and Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the benefits of integrating citizenship into science and introduces two citizenship units developed with the cooperation of the Association for Science Education (ASE) and the Wellcome Trust. (YDS)

Campbell, Peter

2002-01-01

226

[The role of science in policy making--EuSANH-ISA project, framework for science advice for health].  

PubMed

Governments and other authorities (including MPs) should be well informed on issues of science and technology. This is particularly important in the era of evidence-based practice. This implies the need to get expert advice. The process by which scientific knowledge is transmitted, along with proposals how to solve the problem, is called science advice. The main aim of the article is to discuss the issue of science advice--definitions, interaction between science and policymaking, and its position in contemporary policies. The second aim is to present European Science Advisory Network for Health (EuSANH), EuSANH-ISA project, and framework for science advice for health which was developed by participants. Furthermore, the role of civil society in decision-making process and science advice is also discussed. Interaction between scientists and policy-makers are described in terms of science-push approach (technocratic model), policy-pull (decisionistic) and simultaneous push-pull approach (pragmatic). The position of science advice is described in historical perspective from the 50s, especially in the last two decades. Description relies to USA, Canada and UK. Principles of scientific advice to government (Government Office for Science, UK) are quoted. Some important documents related to science advice in EU and UN are mentioned. EuSANH network is described as well as EuSANH-ISA project, with its objectives and outcomes. According to findings of this project, the process of science advice for health should follow some steps: framing the issue to be covered; planning entire process leading to the conclusion; drafting the report; reviewing the report and revision; publishing report and assessing the impact on policy. PMID:23230726

Cianciara, Dorota; Piotrowicz, Maria; Bielska-Lasota, Magdalena; Wysocki, Miros?aw J

2012-01-01

227

Evaluation of Authentic Science Projects on Climate Change in Secondary Schools: A Focus on Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and purpose: This study examines secondary-school students' opinions on participating in authentic science projects which are part of an international EU project on climate change research in seven countries. Partnerships between schools and research institutes result in student projects, in which students work with and learn from…

Dijkstra, Elma; Goedhart, Martin

2011-01-01

228

Experiential learning through integrated project work: an example from soil science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The planning, implementation and evaluation of an integrated soil science project are examined. The project aimed to develop a wide range of student?centred approaches to learning, whilst promoting the development of a variety of transferable skills and personal qualities. The four project components (fieldwork, laboratory analysis, data interpretation and preparation of a written report) ran in sequence. Only the written

Antony Mellor

1991-01-01

229

Scientific Value and Educational Goals: Balancing Priorities and Increasing Adult Engagement in a Citizen Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lost Ladybug Project is a citizen science project that engages individuals and groups in research and learning about ladybug population dynamics. With a dual purpose of advancing scientists' research about ladybug populations and achieving learning outcomes with participants, the project's summative evaluation led to critical…

Sickler, Jessica; Cherry, Tammy Messick; Allee, Leslie; Smyth, Rebecca Rice; Losey, John

2014-01-01

230

Benefits of using socially-relevant projects in computer science and engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to bridge a local technology gap, potentially provide software to health care organizations serving the needs of handicapped clients in the Western NY area, and provide innovative and interesting projects for our capstone design classes, the Computer Science and Engineering department at the University at Buffalo (SUNY) began soliciting projects from local organizations in need. The projects

Michael Buckley; Helene Kershner; Kris Schindler; Carl Alphonce; Jennifer Braswell

2004-01-01

231

An Interdisciplinary Team Project: Psychology and Computer Science Students Create Online Cognitive Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present our case study of an interdisciplinary team project for students taking either a psychology or computer science (CS) course. The project required psychology and CS students to combine their knowledge and skills to create an online cognitive task. Each interdisciplinary project team included two psychology students who conducted library…

Flannery, Kathleen A.; Malita, Mihaela

2014-01-01

232

Infrastructure for Planetary Sciences: Universal planetary database development project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Planetary Data Alliance (IPDA), formally formed under COSPAR (Formal start: from the COSPAR 2008 at Montreal), is a joint international effort to enable global access and exchange of high quality planetary science data, and to establish archive stan-dards that make it easier to share the data across international boundaries. In 2008-2009, thanks to the many players from several agencies and institutions, we got fruitful results in 6 projects: (1) Inter-operable Planetary Data Access Protocol (PDAP) implementations [led by J. Salgado@ESA], (2) Small bodies interoperability [led by I. Shinohara@JAXA N. Hirata@U. Aizu], (3) PDAP assessment [led by Y. Yamamoto@JAXA], (4) Architecture and standards definition [led by D. Crichton@NASA], (5) Information model and data dictionary [led by S. Hughes@NASA], and (6) Venus Express Interoperability [led by N. Chanover@NMSU]. 'IPDA 2009-2010' is important, especially because the NASA/PDS system reformation is now reviewed as it develops for application at the international level. IPDA is the gate for the establishment of the future infrastructure. We are running 8 projects: (1) IPDA Assessment of PDS4 Data Standards [led by S. Hughes (NASA/JPL)], (2) IPDA Archive Guide [led by M.T. Capria (IASF/INAF) and D. Heather (ESA/PSA)], (3) IPDA Standards Identification [led by E. Rye (NASA/PDS) and G. Krishna (ISRO)], (4) Ancillary Data Standards [led by C. Acton (NASA/JPL)], (5) IPDA Registries Definition [led by D. Crichton (NASA/JPL)], (6) PDAP Specification [led by J. Salgado (ESA/PSA) and Y. Yamamoto (JAXA)], (7) In-teroperability Assessment [R. Beebe (NMSU) and D. Heather (ESA/PSA)], and (8) PDAP Geographic Information System (GIS) extension [N. Hirata (Univ. Aizu) and T. Hare (USGS: thare@usgs.gov)]. This paper presents our achievements and plans summarized in the IPDA 5th Steering Com-mittee meeting at DLR in July 2010. We are now just the gate for the establishment of the Infrastructure.

Kasaba, Yasumasa; Capria, M. T.; Crichton, D.; Zender, J.; Beebe, R.

233

Comparing project-based learning to direct instruction on students' attitude to learn science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students' attitude towards learning science transform during their middle school years. Research provides data showing the affect of different teaching methods on students' attitude. Two teaching methods compared were project-based learning and direct instruction. Project-based learning uses inquiry to promote student attitude by engaging them and increasing their curiosity in the natural world. Direct instruction uses lecture, worksheets, tests, and labs. The Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA) survey was used to measure student's attitude. The TOSRA has seven subscales labeled as Social Implications of Science, Normality of Scientists, Attitude to Scientific Inquiry, Adaptation to Scientific Attitudes, Enjoyment of Science Lessons, Leisure Interest in Science, and Career Interest in Science. A student's age and gender were variables also used to determine the affect on transformation of attitude using two different teaching methods. The TOSRA survey showed both positive and negative transformation of students' attitude towards science.

Haugen, Marlen Ingvard

234

a Positive Science and Technology Experience for Junior GIRL Scouts Through a College Service Learning Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors have begun hosting interactive and collaborative activities at the Pennsylvania State University Delaware County campus for Junior Girl Scouts to earn science- and technology-related badges. Undergraduate nonscience majors enrolled in an introductory-level science course are required to complete a service learning project by developing and conducting a series of hands-on exercises for area Junior Girl Scouts. The girls are given the opportunity to use technological tools such as Internet searching and Palm Pilot handheld computers to complete the requirements for a science badge. The activities are detailed and supplemented with a corresponding program workbook that promotes women in science careers. Postproject evaluations show the scouts reporting higher interest in science, more positive attitudes toward science, and a desire to earn more science-related badges. The undergraduates report a strong desire to complete additional projects to help serve the community.

Guertin, Laura A.; Rufo, Jennifer L.

235

The Women in Science (WiSci) Project Stage 1 interim report: academic staff survey and focus groups  

E-print Network

of women in the sciences and also to benchmark the experience and attitudes of academic women against thoseThe Women in Science (WiSci) Project Stage 1 interim report: academic staff survey and focus groups The WiSci project The Women in Science (WiSci) project was initiated by Professor David Day, Dean

Du, Jie

236

From the 2006 Conference Proceedings of the Association for Science Teacher Education OUR PHYSTEC PROJECT: COLLABORATING WITH A RESIDENT  

E-print Network

PROJECT: COLLABORATING WITH A RESIDENT TEACHER TO IMPROVE AN ELEMENTARY SCIENCE FIELD EXPERIENCE Cody interns' science lessons. The project team, including a full-time teacher-in-residence, engaged to learning science. At Towson, the PhysTEC project team consists of Dr. Cody Sandifer and Dr. Laura Lising

Sandifer, Cody

237

NSF Public Television Project Brings Science Policy to the People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This new half-hour show, produced at KPBS-TV in San Diego, focuses on science policy. Topics include: an interview with White House science advisor Frank Press, the trans-Alaska pipeline, and analysis of the West Coast's future water needs, and the scientific and regulatory debate surrounding short-term mutagenicity tests. (BB)

Henig, Robin Marantz

1979-01-01

238

Doing a science project: Gender differences during childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

By adolescence, men's participation and achievement in science exceeds women's. This ar- ticle reports a case study that examined the beginnings of this gender differentiation during a naturally oc- curring academic activity that was designed to support and guide young children's interest in doing sci- ence. Data were collected during 2 successive years of a science fair for children in

Lauren B. Adamson; Martha A. Foster; Martha L. Roark; Donna B. Reed

1998-01-01

239

Factors Affecting Construction of Science Discourse in the Context of an Extracurricular Science and Technology Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Doing and learning science are social activities that require certain language, activities, and values. Both constitute what Gee (2005) calls Discourses. The language of learning science varies with the learning context (Lemke, 2001,1990). "Science for All Americans" (AAAS, 1990) and "Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards" (NRC,…

Webb, Horace P.

2009-01-01

240

National Science Resources Center Project to Improve Science Teaching in Elementary Schools. Appendix C. Elementary Science Information Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Appendix C consists of the records from the National Science Resources Center (NSRC) elementary science information database. The database includes brief annotations, as well as bibliographic information about the materials in the elementary sciences reso...

S. G. Shuler

1988-01-01

241

Neural network based visualization of collaborations in a citizen science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizen science projects are those in which volunteers are asked to collaborate in scientific projects, usually by volunteering idle computer time for distributed data processing efforts or by actively labeling or classifying information - shapes of galaxies, whale sounds, historical records are all examples of citizen science projects in which users access a data collecting system to label or classify images and sounds. In order to be successful, a citizen science project must captivate users and keep them interested on the project and on the science behind it, increasing therefore the time the users spend collaborating with the project. Understanding behavior of citizen scientists and their interaction with the data collection systems may help increase the involvement of the users, categorize them accordingly to different parameters, facilitate their collaboration with the systems, design better user interfaces, and allow better planning and deployment of similar projects and systems. Users behavior can be actively monitored or derived from their interaction with the data collection systems. Records of the interactions can be analyzed using visualization techniques to identify patterns and outliers. In this paper we present some results on the visualization of more than 80 million interactions of almost 150 thousand users with the Galaxy Zoo I citizen science project. Visualization of the attributes extracted from their behaviors was done with a clustering neural network (the Self-Organizing Map) and a selection of icon- and pixel-based techniques. These techniques allows the visual identification of groups of similar behavior in several different ways.

Morais, Alessandra M. M.; Santos, Rafael D. C.; Raddick, M. Jordan

2014-05-01

242

Syllabus of the Degree Project for the Master of Science Degree in Engineering and the Master of Science Degree (Two Years) in  

E-print Network

Syllabus of the Degree Project for the Master of Science Degree in Engineering and the Master of Science in Engineering programme, 300 higher education credits, may commence work on the degree project of Science Degree (Two Years) in Biotechnology, Food Technology and Nutrition, System-on-Chip, Water

243

Innovative project bridges art and science: Libraries bring artists and faculty together in online effort  

E-print Network

12/5/13 KU Libraries: Innovative project bridges art and science; KU Libraries bring artists and faculty together in online effort www.lib.ku.edu/news/fromthegroundup.shtml 1/2 The University of Kansas Libraries Libraries Home Articles & Databases... Catalog: books & more E-journals Research by Subject Course Reserves Library Pages A-Z Images KU ScholarWorks KU Digital Collections Hours My Account Request Articles, Books,… Friends & Benefactors Suggestions Innovative project bridges art and science...

2008-01-01

244

THE FICHTEAN IDEA OF THE SCIENCE OF KNOWLEDGE AND THE HUSSERLIAN PROJECT  

E-print Network

75 THE FICHTEAN IDEA OF THE SCIENCE OF KNOWLEDGE AND THE HUSSERLIAN PROJECT by Jean Hyppolite* Translated from the French by Tom Nemeth Introduction to Hyppolite. The following article by Hyppolite appeared, along with other articles by a... 'dialectical': it is purely contemplative and descriptive, or better, phenomenological in Husserl's sense of the term." 77 78 The Fichtean Idea of the Science of Knowledge and the Husserlian Project Comparisons of philosophical systems are always...

Hyppolite, Jean; Nemeth, Tom (translator)

1973-03-01

245

Exploring Event and Status Based Phenological Monitoring in Citizen Science Projects: Lessons Learned from Project BudBurst  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizen science projects in ecology are in a unique position to address the needs of both the science and education communities. Such projects can provide needed data to further understanding of ecological processes at multiple spatial scales while also increasing public understanding of the importance of the ecological sciences. Balancing the needs of both communities, it is important that citizen science programs also provide different 'entry' points to appeal to diverse segments of society. In the case of NEON's Project BudBurst, a national plant phenology citizen science program, two approaches were developed to address the ongoing challenge to recruitment and retention of participants. Initially, Project BudBurst was designed to be an event-based phenology program. Participants were asked to identify a plant and report on the timing of specific phenoevents throughout the year. This approach requires a certain level of participation, which while yielding useful results, is not going to appeal to the broadest audience possible. To broaden participation, in 2011 and 2012, Project BudBurst added campaigns targeted at engaging individuals in making simple status-based reports of a plant they chose. Three targeted field campaigns were identified to take advantage of times when people notice changes to plants in their environment, using simple status-based protocols: Fall Into Phenology, Cherry Blossom Blitz, and Summer Solstice Snapshot. The interest and participation in these single report phenological status-based campaigns exceeded initial expectations. For example, Fall Into Phenology attracted individuals who otherwise had not considered participating in an ongoing field campaign. In the past, observations of fall phenology events submitted to Project BudBurst had been limited. By providing the opportunity for submitting simple, single reports, the number of both new participants and submitted observations increased significantly.

Ward, D.; Henderson, S.; Newman, S. J.

2012-12-01

246

AAAS News: Junior High Schools Focus for New Science Education Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Junior high schools in three states are currently participating in Science Resources for Schools (SRS), a three-year pilot project designed to link schools with the scientific community. Highlights of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)-directed program and program materials are described. Other AAAS educational activities…

Wrather, Joan

1983-01-01

247

CURRENT PROJECTS ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 1964.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION IS THE SIXTH ANNUAL INVENTORY OF RESEARCH PROJECTS WHICH ARE CURRENTLY IN PROGRESS AT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND WHICH DEAL WITH THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. THE INFORMATION INVOLVED IN THIS DOCUMENT WAS COMPILED BY THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOR THE USE OF SCHOLARS, ADMINISTRATORS, AND OTHERS…

PERLMAN, JACOB

248

Janice VanCleave's Electricity: Mind-Boggling Experiments You Can Turn into Science Fair Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to provide guidance and ideas for science projects to help students learn more about science as they search for answers to specific problems. The 20 topics on electricity in this book suggest many possible problems to solve. Each topic has one detailed experiment followed by a section that provides additional questions about…

VanCleave, Janice

249

Against All Odds: Tales of Survival of the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) is an interdisciplinary science program that began as a curriculum reform effort in the mid-1960s. This historical study provides insights into the FAST project and contributes to an understanding of the dynamics of survival of curricular and instructional innovations. Data collection methods…

Yamamoto, Karen N.

250

Pedagogies developed in the learning in science projects and related theses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into effective pedagogy was a major strand of the science education research programme at the University of Waikato for the 20 years of the 1980s and 1990s, being done in all five Learning in Science Projects and related theses. The research was closely connected to constructivist and sociocultural views of learning, current national curriculum learning goals, and current classroom

Beverley Bell

2005-01-01

251

Scientific knowledge and attitude change: The impact of a citizen science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the evaluation of an informal science education project, The Birdhouse Network (TBN) of the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. The Elaboration Likelihood Model and the theory of Experiential Education were used as frameworks to analyse the impact of TBN on participants' attitudes toward science and the environment, on their knowledge of bird biology, and on their understanding of

Dominique Brossard; Bruce Lewenstein; Rick Bonney

2005-01-01

252

Bringing Dinosaur Science to the Junior Girl Scouts through a College Service-Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate students in an introductory-level geoscience course successfully designed and conducted a science badge day for the Junior Girl Scouts. With national concerns that girls turn away from science at a young age, a service-learning project was incorporated into a college course with the end result providing a group of girls a positive…

Guertin, Laura A.; Cao, Edna T.; Craig, Karen A.; George, Alice E.; Goldson, Shana T.; Makatche, Shanon P.; Radusevich, Brett T.; Sandor, Charles W.; Takos, Anya T.; Tuller, Ryan; Williams, James K.; Williams, Michael A.

2004-01-01

253

Bringing Dinosaur Science to the Junior Girl Scouts Through a College Service-Learning Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate students in an introductory-level geoscience course successfully designed and conducted a science badge day for the Junior Girl Scouts. With national concerns that girls turn away from science at a young age, a service-learning project was incorporated into a college course with the end result providing a group of girls a positive and fun science-learning experience. A number of

Laura A. Guertin; Edna T. Cao; Karen A. Craig; Alice E. George; Shana T. Goldson; Shanon P. Makatche; Brett T. Radusevich; Charles W. Sandor; Anya T. Takos; Ryan Tuller; James K. Williams; Michael A. Williams

2004-01-01

254

Projected NASA power requirements for space science and exploration missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Office of Space Science and Applications has recently completed its long-range strategic plan which describes a number of exciting space science missions into the early 21st century. In parallel, NASA's new Office of Exploration has begun defining in more detail the architectures of the Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) for returning to the Moon and going to Mars. Both the space science missions and the SEI missions are dependent upon power sources and energy storage with strong requirements for reliability, long life, ease of assembly, autonomy, and light weight. This paper reviews the currently planned space science and SEI missions and focuses upon the power requirements with a view toward guiding technology developers and power designers.

Bennett, Gary L.; Pilcher, Carl B.; Smith, William L.

1992-01-01

255

Los Alamos Science: The Human Genome Project. Number 20, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This article provides a broad overview of the Human Genome Project, with particular emphasis on work being done at Los Alamos. It tries to emphasize the scientific aspects of the project, compared to the more speculative information presented in the popular press. There is a brief introduction to modern genetics, including a review of classic work. There is a broad overview of the Genome Project, describing what the project is, what are some of its major five-year goals, what are major technological challenges ahead of the project, and what can the field of biology, as well as society expect to see as benefits from this project. Specific results on the efforts directed at mapping chromosomes 16 and 5 are discussed. A brief introduction to DNA libraries is presented, bearing in mind that Los Alamos has housed such libraries for many years prior to the Genome Project. Information on efforts to do applied computational work related to the project are discussed, as well as experimental efforts to do rapid DNA sequencing by means of single-molecule detection using applied spectroscopic methods. The article introduces the Los Alamos staff which are working on the Genome Project, and concludes with brief discussions on ethical, legal, and social implications of this work; a brief glimpse of genetics as it may be practiced in the next century; and a glossary of relevant terms.

Cooper, N G; Shea, N [eds.

1992-01-01

256

A Short - term and Long - term Study of a Science Investigation Project in Geology, Used by Non - science High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A geological investigation project named ‘Geotop’ was introduced into the high school geography curriculum of Israel as a vehicle to enhance geology and science education within this non?science population. The evaluation research which followed the project from 1987 included assessment of the students’ achievements and attitudes towards the project. In 1992 an attitude questionnaire was posted to the home addresses

Nir Orion

1994-01-01

257

The Computer Science Technical Report (CS-TR) Project: A Pioneering Digital Library Project Viewed from a Library Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Computer Science Technical Report Project, one of the earliest investigations into the system engineering of digital libraries which pioneered multiinstitutional collaborative research into technical, social, and legal issues related to the development and implementation of a large, heterogeneous, distributed digital library. (LRW)

Anderson, Greg; And Others

1996-01-01

258

Bloodshot eyes: workload issues in computer science project courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workload issue in computer s cience project courses are addressed in this paper. We briefly discuss why high workloads occur in p roject courses and the reasons they are a p roblem. We then d escribe some course changes we made to reduce the workload in a software engineering project course, without compromising course quality. The techniques include: adopting an

Judy Brown

2000-01-01

259

Using knowledge from social science in development projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financially induced development runs the risk of creating social imbalances. This can be alleviated if sociologists are involved at the planning stage of projects rather than being called upon in the ex ante evaluation study. It is essential for successful implementation of development projects to (put people first'. New ‘entrance points’ must be opened up for sociological and anthropological knowledge

Michael M. Cernea

1994-01-01

260

Climate Policy in Light of Climate Science: The ICLIPS Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper introduces the Tolerable Windows Approach (TWA) asa decision analytical framework for addressing global climatechange. It is implemented as an integrated assessment model (IAM)developed in the project on Integrated Assessment of ClimateProtection Strategies (ICLIPS). The background and the main objectivesof the project are described and its relationships to other currentintegrated assessment efforts are elucidated. Key features ofthe TWA are

Ferenc L. Toth

2003-01-01

261

Science Sampler: The Pet Rock Project--Making the rock cycle come alive!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pet Rock Project provides students with an in-depth understanding of the rock cycle that involves their artistic and creative abilities in the Earth science classroom. The idea of a pet rock was central to the project as a mechanism to make Earth science seem more inviting to reluctant learners. The focus on the development of a rock "animal" is supported by science education research, which reveals that middle school students report more interest in learning about animals versus plants--partly because animals have human-like faces and can interact with people, and their life cycles are easily observed (Wandersee 1986).

Wandersee, James; Clary, Renee

2007-10-01

262

Designing Citizen Science Projects in the Era of Mega-Information and Connected Activism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design of citizen science projects must take many factors into account in order to be successful. Currently, there are a wide variety of citizen science projects with different aims, audiences, reporting methods, and degrees of scientific rigor and usefulness. Projects function on local, national, and worldwide scales and range in time from limited campaigns to around the clock projects. For current and future projects, advanced cell phones and mobile computing allow an unprecedented degree of connectivity and data transfer. These advances will greatly influence the design of citizen science projects. An unprecedented amount of data is available for data mining by interested citizen scientists; how can projects take advantage of this? Finally, a variety of citizen scientist projects have social activism and change as part of their mission and goals. How can this be harnessed in a constructive and efficient way? The design of projects must also select the proper role for experts and novices, provide quality control, and must motivate users to encourage long-term involvement. Effective educational and instructional materials design can be used to design responsive and effective projects in a more highly connected age with access to very large amounts of information.

Pompea, S. M.

2010-12-01

263

Cosmetology--Science. Haywood County's Vocational-Math-Science Curriculum Alignment Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist vocational educators teaching a course in cosmetology to relate the skills addressed in science courses to a particular vocational education course. The guide consists of a curriculum alignment chart that cross-references vocational performance indicators to science skills/competencies. The science competency…

Haywood County Consolidated Schools, Waynesville, NC.

264

GeoWall: Stereo Projection Systems Designed for Earth Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the past year, advances in projection technology and consumer-grade computer game technology have reduced the cost of stereo projection systems to a level that allows this technology to be used in the classroom. Stereo projection systems have remarkable potential for any educational discipline that deals with complex spatial relationships (engineering, physics, astronomy, etc.), but the implications for earth science education are particularly rich. The ability to visualize and interpret spatial relationships is a critical skill that many earth science students find difficult to master. Stereo projection can serve as a bridge to increase students' perception of maps, images and aerial views, or allow students to interactively manipulate three-dimensional, time-dependent visualizations of research data sets and mathematical models that move well beyond traditional education materials. The GeoWall Project is an initiative to build low-cost, high-quality stereo projection systems at a number of research and education institutions. By standardizing the technical design of these systems, materials developed by one institution can be used by any of the other member institutions. This allows institutions to easily adopt materials that they could not produce in-house and fosters a community capable of generating curriculum materials that take advantage of stereo projection technology. Although not universally applicable across earth science education, stereo projection systems have the potential to transform the way that we teach many earth science concepts.

Morin, P.; Kirkby, K. C.; Van Keken, P.; Leigh, J.; Reynolds, S. J.; Davis, B.; Burdick, R.; Schumann, L.

2001-12-01

265

New horizons for extreme light physics with mega-science project XCELS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A short review of the Russian mega-science project XCELS and scientific problems to be solved are presented. We discuss the origin of multi-beam design to attain the highest field magnitude at optimal focusing. Then, we formulate particular physical problems of fundamental interest that can be solved within this project.

Bashinov, A. V.; Gonoskov, A. A.; Kim, A. V.; Mourou, G.; Sergeev, A. M.

2014-05-01

266

Approaches to Teaching the Particulate Theory of Matter. Children's Learning in Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the period 1984-1986, over 30 teachers from the Yorkshire (England) region have worked in collaboration with the Children's Learning in Science Project (CLIS) developing and testing teaching schemes in the areas of energy, particle theory, and plant nutrition. The project is based upon the constructivist approach to teaching. This guide…

Leeds Univ. (England). Centre for Studies in Science and Mathematics Education.

267

National Science Foundation 1989 Engineering Senior Design Projects To Aid the Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the Bioengineering and Research to Aid the Disabled program of the National Science Foundation, design projects were awarded competitively to 16 universities. Senior engineering students at each of the universities constructed custom devices and software for disabled individuals. This compendium contains a description of each project in…

Enderle, John D., Ed.

268

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE Instructions for Completing the Master's Project (0 Credit Hours)  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE Instructions for Completing the Master's Project (0 Credit Hours) All students not electing to submit a thesis for the master's degree in Computer Engineering or Electrical Engineering must complete a Master's Project according to one of the following plans

Mather, Patrick T.

269

Assessing Science Students' Attitudes to Mathematics: A Case Study on a Modelling Project with Mathematical Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the attitudes of students towards mathematics after they had participated in an applied mathematical modelling project that was part of an Applied Mathematics course. The students were majoring in Earth Science at the National Taiwan Normal University. Twenty-six students took part in the project. It was the first time a…

Lim, L. L.; Tso, T. -Y.; Lin, F. L.

2009-01-01

270

Science with the Square Kilometer Array: Motivation, Key Science Projects, Standards and Assumptions  

E-print Network

The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) represents the next major, and natural, step in radio astronomical facilities, providing two orders of magnitude increase in collecting area over existing telescopes. In a series of meetings, starting in Groningen, the Netherlands (August 2002) and culminating in a `science retreat' in Leiden (November 2003), the SKA International Science Advisory Committee (ISAC), conceived of, and carried-out, a complete revision of the SKA science case (to appear in New Astronomy Reviews). This preface includes: (i) general introductory material, (ii) summaries of the key science programs, and (iii) a detailed listing of standards and assumptions used in the revised science case.

C. Carilli; S. Rawlings

2004-09-12

271

Science Shorts: Project BudBurst--Analyzing Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project BudBurst is a national program intended to get students and other "citizen scientists" to participate in a real study about plants, the environment, and climate change. It also provides an excellent opportunity for students to build data-analysis skills. A collaboration of several agencies and universities, the program began last year and attracted thousands of participants from 26 states. The project operates through its user-friendly website and participation is free. This article describes this project and includes a lesson related to how geography can affect plant life cycles.

Davis, Kimberly J.; Coskie, Tracy L.

2008-07-01

272

History, Philosophy, and Science in a Social Perspective: A Pedagogical Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various studies have promoted instruction in the history and philosophy of science (HPS) in science classes, but the best way of putting this perspective into practice remains undetermined. To contribute to this issue, we developed a pedagogical project in some high schools in Brazil that aimed to present science content using an historical-philosophical approach focusing on the HPS from a social perspective. The content was developed broadly, highlighting the dialogues between science and the cultures in which scientific knowledge was accumulated. The results of the first stage of project implementation show that some strategies efficiently encouraged student discussion about science using an historical-philosophical approach. One successful strategy was the use of artistic material, such as movies and plays. The creative language and images in these elements allowed teachers to broaden historical-philosophical discussions without compromising science content. This project shows that a social approach to the HPS stimulates interdisciplinary discussions in science classes, enabling students to reflect on the nature of science.

Guerra, Andreia; Braga, Marco; Reis, José Claudio

2013-06-01

273

Rasch Analysis of Scientific Literacy in an Astronomical Citizen Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate change in attitudes towards science and belief in the nature of science by participants in a citizen science project about astronomy. A pre-test was given to 1,385 participants and a post-test was given six months later to 165 participants. Nine participants were interviewed. Responses were analyzed using the Rasch Rating Scale Model to place Likert data on an interval scale allowing for more sensitive parametric analysis. Results show that overall attitudes did not change, p = .225. However, there was significant change towards attitudes relating to science news (positive) and scientific self efficacy (negative), p < .001 and p = .035 respectively. This change was related to social activity in the project. Beliefs in the nature of science exhibited a small, but significant increase, p = .04. Relative positioning of scores on the belief items suggests the increase is mostly due to reinforcement of current beliefs.

Price, Aaron

2011-05-01

274

Rasch Analysis of Scientific Literacy in an Astronomical Citizen Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

(Abstract only) We investigate change in attitudes towards science and belief in the nature of science by participants in a citizen science project about astronomy. A pre-test was given to 1,385 participants and a post-test was given six months later to 165 participants. Nine participants were interviewed. Responses were analyzed using the Rasch Rating Scale Model to place Likert data on an interval scale allowing for more sensitive parametric analysis. Results show that overall attitudes did not change, p = .225. However, there was significant change towards attitudes relating to science news (positive) and scientific self efficacy (negative), p = .001 and p = .035, respectively. This change was related to social activity in the project. Beliefs in the nature of science exhibited a small but significant increase, p = .04. Relative positioning of scores on the belief items suggests the increase is mostly due to reinforcement of current beliefs.

Price, A.

2012-06-01

275

Chalmers/University of Gothenburg TMA521/MMA510 Department of Mathematical Sciences Project Course, Optimization  

E-print Network

Chalmers/University of Gothenburg TMA521/MMA510 Department of Mathematical Sciences Project Course Date Hours Type# Sta Topics LV1 Tu 30/8 1315 L1 A Introduction, simple/hard 35 problems, intro project conditions 37 We 14/9 Fr 16/9 1012 L8 A Column generation LV4 Mo 19/9 Deadline Program, project 1 38 Tu 20

Patriksson, Michael

276

Changes in Participants’ Scientific Attitudes and Epistemological Beliefs During an Astronomical Citizen Science Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizen science projects offer opportunities for non-scientists to take part in scientific research. While their contribution to scientific data collection has been well documented, there is limited research on changes that may occur to their volunteer participants. In this study, we investigated (1) how volunteers’ attitudes towards science and beliefs in the nature of science changed over six months of participation in an astronomy-themed citizen science project and (2) how the level of project participation accounted for these changes. To measure attitudes towards science and beliefs about the nature of science, identical pre- and post-tests were used. We used pre-test data from 1,375 participants and post-test data collected from 175 participants. Responses were analyzed using the Rasch Rating Scale Model. The pre-test sample was used to create the Rasch scales for the two scientific literacy measures. For the pre/post-test comparisons, data from those who completed both tests were used. Fourteen participants who took the pre/post-tests were interviewed. Results show that overall scientific attitudes did not change, p = .812. However, we did find significant changes related towards two scientific attitude items about science in the news (positive change; p < .001, p < .05) and one related to scientific self-efficacy (negative change, p < .05). These changes were related to the participants’ social activity in the project. Beliefs in the nature of science significantly increased between the pre- and post-tests, p = .014. Relative positioning of individual items on the belief scale did not change much and this change was not related to any of our recorded project activity variables. The interviews suggest that the social aspect of the project is important to participants and the change in self-efficacy is not due to a lowering of esteem but rather a greater appreciation for what they have yet to learn.

Price, Aaron

2012-01-01

277

Scientific literacy of adult participants in an online citizen science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Citizen Science projects offer opportunities for non-scientists to take part in scientific research. Scientific results from these projects have been well documented. However, there is limited research about how these projects affect their volunteer participants. In this study, I investigate how participation in an online, collaborative astronomical citizen science project can be associated with the scientific literacy of its participants. Scientific literacy is measured through three elements: attitude towards science, belief in the nature of science and competencies associated with learning science. The first two elements are measured through a pre-test given to 1,385 participants when they join the project and a post-test given six months later to 125 participants. Attitude towards science was measured using nine Likert-items custom designed for this project and beliefs in the nature of science were measured using a modified version of the Nature of Science Knowledge scale. Responses were analyzed using the Rasch Rating Scale Model. Competencies are measured through analysis of discourse occurring in online asynchronous discussion forums using the Community of Inquiry framework, which describes three types of presence in the online forums: cognitive, social and teaching. Results show that overall attitudes did not change, p = .225. However, there was significant change towards attitudes about science in the news (positive) and scientific self efficacy (negative), p < .001 and p = .035 respectively. Beliefs in the nature of science exhibited a small, but significant increase, p = .04. Relative positioning of scores on the belief items did not change much, suggesting the increase is mostly due to reinforcement of current beliefs. The cognitive and teaching presence in the online forums did not change, p = .807 and p = .505 respectively. However, the social presence did change, p = .011. Overall, these results suggest that multi-faceted, collaborative citizen science projects can have an impact on some aspects of scientific literacy. Using the Rasch Model allowed us to uncover effects that may have otherwise been hidden. Future projects may want to include social interactivity between participants and also make participants specifically aware of how they are contributing to the entire scientific process.

Price, Charles Aaron

278

Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on science instruction and technology: "A 3-D Journey in Space: A New Visual Cognitive Adventure" (Yoav Yair, Rachel Mintz, and Shai Litvak); "Using Collaborative Inquiry and Interactive Technologies in an Environmental Science Project for Middle School Teachers: A Description and Analysis" (Patricia…

Roach, Linda E., Ed.

279

Enhancing Classroom Discourse in Primary Science: The Puppets Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing classroom discussions that maximise learning through the phases of inquiry in primary science requires a rich repertoire of teacher knowledge and skills. Twelve teachers participated in a professional learning program focussed on building teachers' knowledge, confidence and self-efficacy for managing classroom discourse and using puppets…

Hackling, Mark; Smith, Pru; Murcia, Karen

2011-01-01

280

The PROFILES Project Promoting Science Teaching in a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School subjects can provide a good context for learning a second language. This is especially true for science as it can involve a range of student centred activities, which involve students in collaborative communication related to a range of different competences. This paper reflects on one approach to learning in a second language, using the…

Blanchard, B.; Masserot, V.; Holbrook, J.

2014-01-01

281

A project-based approach to teaching introductory computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a tradition in introductory computer science courses of assigning homework problems on a variety of topics. The authors suggest that this is not the best way to reach the oft-stated goal of teaching students to become good problem solvers. Indeed, the experience of the average student will probably convince the student that important lessons on topics like encapsulation

David Yang; Susanna Wei

1999-01-01

282

Everyday Science: Fun and Easy Projects for Making Practical Things.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 25 experiments designed to help students understand some of the science used every day. Each experiment includes a list of materials, a series of easy-to-follow steps, an explanation of the scientific principle demonstrated, and additional scientific facts and information. No special or expensive materials are required.…

Levine, Shar; Johnstone, Leslie

283

The Effect of the BalloonSat Project on Middle and High School Students' Attitude toward Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study measured the effect of completing a BalloonSat project on student attitude toward science. Seven categories of student attitudes toward science were measured using the Test of Science Relate Attitudes survey (TOSRA). The research anticipated that the BalloonSat project would have similar effects on student attitudes as found in robotics…

Verhage, L. Paul

2012-01-01

284

NOAA-ISRO joint science projects on Earth observation system science, technology, and applications for societal benefits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

India and the United States of America (U.S.A.) held a joint conference from June 21-25, 2004 in Bangalore, India to strengthen and expand cooperation in the area of space science, applications, and commerce. Following the recommendations in the joint vision statement released at the end of the conference, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Indian Space and Reconnaissance Organization (ISRO) initiated several joint science projects in the area of satellite product development and applications. This is an extraordinary step since it concentrates on improvements in the data and scientific exchange between India and the United States, consistent with a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by the two nations in 1997. With the relationship between both countries strengthening with President Bush's visit in early 2006 and new program announcements between the two countries, there is a renewed commitment at ISRO and other Indian agencies and at NOAA in the U.S. to fulfill the agreements reached on the joint science projects. The collaboration is underway with several science projects that started in 2005 providing initial results. NOAA and ISRO agreed that the projects must promote scientific understanding of the satellite data and lead to a satellite-based decision support systems for disaster and public health warnings. The projects target the following areas: --supporting a drought monitoring system for India --improving precipitation estimates over India from Kalpana-1 --increasing aerosol optical depth measurements and products over India --developing early indicators of malaria and other vector borne diseases via satellite monitoring of environmental conditions and linking them to predictive models --monitoring sea surface temperature (SST) from INSAT-3D to support improved forecasting of regional storms, monsoon onset and cyclones. The research collaborations and results from these projects will be presented and discussed in the context of India-US cooperation and the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) concept.

Powell, A.; Jayarman, V.; Kondragunta, S.; Kogan, F.; Kuligowski, R.; Maturi, E.

2006-12-01

285

Bringing Dinosaur Science to the Junior Girl Scouts Through a College Service-Learning Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undergraduate students in an introductory-level geoscience course successfully designed and conducted a science badge day for the Junior Girl Scouts. With national concerns that girls turn away from science at a young age, a service-learning project was incorporated into a college course with the end result providing a group of girls a positive and fun science-learning experience. A number of science and technology badges exist for the Girl Scouts, yet not many of these badges have been completed because of a lack of confidence the troop leaders have in teaching science and a paucity of scheduled science events for the leaders to take their girls. Junior Girl Scout troops were invited to the Pennsylvania State University Delaware County campus to complete a series of hands-on dinosaur science activities that allowed them to earn the Science in Everyday Life badge. At the conclusion of the badge event, the girls reported a greater interest in science, a desire to learn more science, and a desire to complete additional science-related Girl Scout badges.

Guertin, Laura A.; Cao, Edna T.; Craig, Karen A.; George, Alice E.; Goldson, Shana T.; Makatche, Shanon P.; Radusevich, Brett T.; Sandor, Charles W.; Takos, Anya T.; Tuller, Ryan; Williams, James K.; Williams, Michael A.

2004-12-01

286

Pacific CRYSTAL Project: Explicit Literacy Instruction Embedded in Middle School Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science literacy leading to fuller and informed participation in the public debate about science, technology, society, and environmental (STSE) issues that produce justified decisions and sustainable actions is the shared and central goal of the Pacific CRYSTAL Project. There is broad agreement by science education researchers that learners need to be able to construct and interpret specific scientific discourses and texts to be literate in science. We view these capabilities as components in the fundamental sense of science literacy and as interactive and synergetic to the derived sense of science literacy, which refers to having general knowledge about concepts, principles, and methods of science. This article reports on preliminary findings from Years 1, 2, and 3 of the 5-year Pacific CRYSTAL project that aims to identify, develop, and embed explicit literacy instruction in science programs to achieve both senses of science literacy. A community-based, opportunistic, engineering research and development approach has been utilized to identify problems and concerns and to design instructional solutions for teaching middle school (Grades 6, 7, and 8) science. Initial data indicate (a) opportunities in programs for embedding literacy instruction and tasks; (b) difficulties generalist teachers have with new science curricula; (c) difficulties specialist science teachers have with literacy activities, strategies, genre, and writing-to-learn science tasks; and (d) potential literacy activities (vocabulary, reading comprehension, visual literacy, genre, and writing tasks) for middle school science. Preinstruction student assessments indicate a range of challenges in achieving effective learning in science and the need for extensive teacher support to achieve the project’s goals. Postinstructional assessments indicate positive changes in students’ ability to perform target reading and writing tasks. Qualitative data indicate teachers’ desire for external direction and the need for researchers to expand the literacy framework to include oral discourse. A case study of teachers’ use of a specific literacy task and its influence on students revealed indications of robustness and effectiveness. Experiences revealed procedural difficulties and insights regarding community-based research and development approaches.

Anthony, Robert J.; Tippett, Christine D.; Yore, Larry D.

2010-01-01

287

34 CFR 645.12 - What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? 645.12 Section 645.12 Education...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? Any project assisted under this part...

2011-07-01

288

34 CFR 645.12 - What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? 645.12 Section 645.12 Education...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? Any project assisted under this part...

2012-07-01

289

34 CFR 645.12 - What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? 645.12 Section 645.12 Education...What services may regular Upward Bound and Upward Bound Math-Science projects provide? Any project assisted under this part...

2013-07-01

290

Student cognition and motivation during the Classroom BirdWatch citizen science project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine and describe the ways various stakeholders (CBW project developer/coordinator, elementary and middle school teachers, and 5th through 8th grade students) envisioned, implemented and engaged in the citizen science project, eBird/Classroom BirdWatch. A multiple case study mixed-methods research design was used to examine student engagement in the cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry as part of citizen science participation. Student engagement was described based on a sense of autonomy, competence, relatedness and intrinsic motivation. A goal of this study was to expand the taxonomy of differences between authentic scientific inquiry and simple inquiry to include those inquiry tasks associated with participation in citizen science by describing how students engaged in this type of science. This research study built upon the existing framework of cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry described by Chinn and Malhotra (2002). This research provides a systematic analysis of the scientific processes and related reasoning tasks associated with the citizen science project eBird and the corresponding curriculum Classroom BirdWatch . Data consisted of responses to surveys, focus group interviews, document analysis and individual interviews. I suggest that citizen science could be an additional form of classroom-based science inquiry that can promote more authentic features of scientific inquiry and engage students in meaningful ways.

Tomasek, Terry Morton

291

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) Science Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) field campaign will provide a detailed set of observations with which to (1) perform radiative and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) closure studies, (2) evaluate a new retrieval algorithm for aerosol optical depth (AOD) in the presence of clouds using passive remote sensing, (3) extend a previously developed technique to investigate aerosol indirect effects, and (4)

CM Berkowitz; LK Berg; DJ Cziczo; CJ Flynn; EI Kassianov; JD Fast; PJ Rasch; JE Shilling; RA Zaveri; A Zelenyuk; RA Ferrare; CA Hostetler; B Cairns; PB Russell; B Ervens

2011-01-01

292

Science Shorts: Project BudBurst--Analyzing Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project BudBurst is a national program intended to get students and other "citizen scientists" to participate in a real study about plants, the environment, and climate change. It also provides an excellent opportunity for students to build data-analysis skills. A collaboration of several agencies and universities, the program began last year and…

Davis, Kimberly J.; Coskie, Tracy L.

2008-01-01

293

SSSNOW Project: Helping Make Science Cool for Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the atmosphere or on the ground, snow provides students with unique opportunities to discover winter weather patterns. Traditionally, when students study weather, it is limited to the collection of data one would see on a weather report. However, the interdisciplinary Students Synthesizing Snow data in Natural Objective Ways (SSSNOW) project

Huff, Kenneth; Lange, Catherine

2010-01-01

294

a Positive Science and Technology Experience for Junior GIRL Scouts Through a College Service Learning Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors have begun hosting interactive and collaborative activities at the Pennsylvania State University Delaware County campus for Junior Girl Scouts to earn science- and technology-related badges. Undergraduate nonscience majors enrolled in an introductory-level science course are required to complete a service learning project by developing and conducting a series of hands-on exercises for area Junior Girl Scouts. The girls

Laura A. Guertin; Jennifer L. Rufo

2004-01-01

295

Project BudBurst: Continental-scale citizen science for all seasons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Project BudBurst's (budburst.org) recent move to the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) has benefitted both programs. NEON has been able to use Project BudBurst as a testbed to learn best practices, network with experts in the field, and prototype potential tools for engaging people in continental-scale ecology as NEON develops its citizen science program. Participation in Project BudBurst has grown significantly since the move to NEON. Project BudBurst is a national citizen science initiative designed to engage the public in observations of phenological (plant life cycle) events that raise awareness of climate change, and create a cadre of informed citizen scientists. Citizen science programs such as Project BudBurst provide the opportunity for students and interested laypersons to actively participate in scientific research. Such programs are important not only from an educational perspective, but because they also enable scientists to broaden the geographic and temporal scale of their observations. The goals of Project BudBurst are to 1) increase awareness of phenology as an area of scientific study; 2) Increase awareness of the impacts of changing climates on plants at a continental-scale; and 3) increase science literacy by engaging participants in the scientific process. From its 2008 launch in February, this on-line educational and data-entry program, engaged participants of all ages and walks of life in recording the timing of the leafing and flowering of wild and cultivated species found across the continent. Thus far, thousands of participants from all 50 states have submitted data. This presentation will provide an overview of Project BudBurst and will report on the results of the 2010 field campaign and discuss plans to expand Project BudBurst in 2012 including the use of mobile phones applications for data collection and reporting from the field. Project BudBurst is co-managed by the National Ecological Observatory Network and the Chicago Botanic Garden.

Henderson, S.; Newman, S. J.; Ward, D.; Havens-Young, K.; Alaback, P.; Meymaris, K.

2011-12-01

296

Starting a research project for a new environmental science major.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Springfield College is a small private liberal arts college located two miles from downtown Springfield Massachusetts. The college is currently in the process of starting an environmental science program of which I am one of two faculty, I have a cohort in Biology. Springfield College is on the banks of a two mile long lake called Lake Massasoit. Lake Massasoit has seven miles of shorelines and 186 surface acres. The pond was formed by damming the Mill River, which flows out of the western most end and continues 1.25 miles until its confluence with the Connecticut River. The college is currently in the process of starting an environmental science program of which I am one of two faculty, I have a cohort in Biology. Springfield College is on the banks of a 2 mile lake called Lake Massasoit. Lake Massasoit has 7 miles of shorelines and 186 surface acres The pond was formed by damming the Mill River, which flows out of the western most end and continues 1.25 miles until its confluence with the Connecticut River. Lake Massasoit's location in an urban residential area makes it susceptible to a high input of pollutants.

Mcgowan, Eileen

297

Environmental Studies in the Physical Sciences. Project Reports, Volume 3, The Rachel Carson Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the third of seven accompanying volumes included in the Rachel Carson Project. The project attempts to introduce environmental education lessons and units into existing courses of study within a high school rather than to implement environmental education through the introduction of new courses. This volume reports the…

Tanner, R. Thomas

298

The Rural Girls in Science Project: from Pipelines to Affirming Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Rural Girls in Science (RGS) program was developed to foster the interest in science, engineering, and mathematics among rural high school girls in the state of Washington. Girls served include American Indians, Latinas, and Whites. This article provides an overview of the program and its outcomes not only for the participants (girls, teachers, counselors, and schools) but the researchers. Lessons learned from and about the participants are presented, and lessons learned from the process are discussed to illustrate how RGS moved from a focus on individuals to a focus on the school. The initial guiding concepts (self-esteem and scientific pipeline) were replaced by “possible selves” and our proposed complementary concepts: science-affirming and affirming science education.

Ginorio, Angela B.; Huston, Michelle; Frevert, Katie; Seibel, Jane Bierman

299

Science with the Square Kilometer Array: Motivation, Key Science projects, Standards and Assumptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) represents the next major, and natural, step\\u000ain radio astronomical facilities, providing two orders of magnitude increase in\\u000acollecting area over existing telescopes. In a series of meetings, starting in\\u000aGroningen, the Netherlands (August 2002) and culminating in a `science retreat'\\u000ain Leiden (November 2003), the SKA International Science Advisory Committee\\u000a(ISAC), conceived of, and

C. Carilli; S. Rawlings

2004-01-01

300

Pedagogies developed in the learning in science projects and related theses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research into effective pedagogy was a major strand of the science education research programme at the University of Waikato for the 20 years of the 1980s and 1990s, being done in all five Learning in Science Projects and related theses. The research was closely connected to constructivist and sociocultural views of learning, current national curriculum learning goals, and current classroom practice in New Zealand schools. In the main, the researchers were qualified and experienced teachers of science. This research parallelled that done internationally, but as contextualized research it has informed New Zealand curriculum policy, initial teacher education and teacher development.

Bell, Beverley

2005-02-01

301

From Engineering Science to Big Science: The NACA and NASA Collier Trophy Research Project Winners  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The chapters of this book discuss a series of case studies of notable technological projects carried out at least in part by the NACA and NASA. The case studies chosen are those projects that won the National Aeronautic Association's (NAA) Collier Trophy for "the greatest achievement in aviation in America, the value of which has been thoroughly demonstrated by use during the preceding year." Looking back on the whole series of projects we can examine both what successes were seen as important at various times, and how the goals and organization of these notable projects changed over time.

Mack, Pamela E. (Editor)

1998-01-01

302

The effect of a role model project upon the attitudes of ninth-grade science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article will describe an in-school intervention project that used female role models to change the attitudes of 964 Iowa girls and boys in 57 ninth-grade science classes toward science, math, and technical curricula and careers. The differences between the students' mean pretest and posttest scores on each of six factors found to be associated with students' attitudes toward science and math and technical careers were analyzed to determine which of five experimental groups responded most positively to the intervention. Higher difference scores indicated that the attitudes of girls and boys who participated in the intervention improved more than the attitudes of girls and boys in the control groups, suggesting that the use of female role models in the science classroom is an effective way to change students' attitudes toward science, math, and related careers.

Evans, Mary Ann; Whigham, Myrna; Wang, Morgan C.

303

Special Advanced Course for Core Sciences to Bring Up Project Leaders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Special Advanced Course for Core Sciences has been introduced recently to Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, to bring up a project leader. The following points are key education goals in this program : (1) knowledge of core sciences, (2) communication ability by using English, and (3) wide viewpoints for researches. In order to accomplish these goals, several lectures for core sciences, patent systems and engineering ethics as well as long term internships by the collaboration with some regional companies have been put in practice. In this paper, we describe the outline of the program, educational effects, and our experiences. Then, we discuss how effective the program is for bringing up an engineer or a scientist who can lead sciences and technologies of their domains. This paper also describes current activities of the program.

Inagaki, Kenji; Tabata, Nobuhisa; Gofuku, Akio; Harada, Isao; Takada, Jun

304

FISCAL FORESIGHT: ANALYTICS AND ECONOMETRICS ERIC M. LEEPER, TODD B. WALKER, AND SHU-CHUN SUSAN YANG  

E-print Network

FISCAL FORESIGHT: ANALYTICS AND ECONOMETRICS ERIC M. LEEPER, TODD B. WALKER, AND SHU-CHUN SUSAN policy process. This paper develops an analytical framework to study the econometric implications from statistical innovations in conventional ways. Econometric analyses that fail to align agents

Hickman, Mark

305

Student cognition and motivation during the Classroom BirdWatch citizen science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine and describe the ways various stakeholders (CBW project developer\\/coordinator, elementary and middle school teachers, and 5th through 8th grade students) envisioned, implemented and engaged in the citizen science project, eBird\\/Classroom BirdWatch. A multiple case study mixed-methods research design was used to examine student engagement in the cognitive processes associated with scientific inquiry

Terry Morton Tomasek

2006-01-01

306

The Elwha Science Education Project (ESEP): Engaging an Entire Community in Geoscience Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Native Americans are poorly represented in all science, technology and engineering fields. This under- representation results from numerous cultural, economic, and historical factors. The Elwha Science Education Project (ESEP), initiated in 2007, strives to construct a culturally-integrated, geoscience education program for Native American young people through engagement of the entire tribal community. The ESEP has developed a unique approach to informal geoscience education, using environmental restoration as a centerpiece. Environmental restoration is an increasingly important goal for tribes. By integrating geoscience activities with community tradition and history, project stakeholders hope to show students the relevance of science to their day-to-day lives. The ESEP's strength lies in its participatory structure and unique network of partners, which include Olympic National Park; the non-profit, educational center Olympic Park Institute (OPI); a geologist providing oversight and technical expertise; and the Lower Elwha Tribe. Lower Elwha tribal elders and educators share in all phases of the project, from planning and implementation to recruitment of students and discipline. The project works collaboratively with tribal scientists and cultural educators, along with science educators to develop curriculum and best practices for this group of students. Use of hands-on, place-based outdoor activities engage students and connect them with the science outside their back doors. Preliminary results from this summer's middle school program indicate that most (75% or more) students were highly engaged approximately 90% of the time during science instruction. Recruitment of students has been particularly successful, due to a high degree of community involvement. Preliminary evaluations of the ESEP's outcomes indicate success in improving the outlook of the tribe's youth towards the geosciences and science, in general. Future evaluation will be likewise participatory, incorporating student, tribal educator, and OPI views while considering sound geological content to formatively contribute to program success.

Young, R. S.; Kinner, F.

2008-12-01

307

Computer Technology-Integrated Projects Should Not Supplant Craft Projects in Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current emphasis on computer technology integration and narrowing of the curriculum has displaced arts and crafts. However, the hands-on, concrete nature of craft work in science modeling enables students to understand difficult concepts and to be engaged and motivated while learning spatial, logical, and sequential thinking skills. Analogy…

Klopp, Tabatha J.; Rule, Audrey C.; Schneider, Jean Suchsland; Boody, Robert M.

2014-01-01

308

Research.gov is Becoming NSF's New Home for Project Reporting In early 2013, the National Science Foundation (NSF) will completely transfer all project  

E-print Network

Research.gov is Becoming NSF's New Home for Project Reporting In early 2013, the National Science Foundation (NSF) will completely transfer all project reporting from FastLane to Research.gov. This means that Principal Investigators (PIs) and Co-PIs will use Research.gov to meet all NSF project reporting

Almor, Amit

309

Power and Energy. Technology Education-Mathematics and Science Interface Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum materials contained in this document were developed through a cooperative effort by educators in the state of Maryland. It was a curriculum project aimed at the meaningful integration of mathematics and science. It is suggested that these materials be used in two significant ways. First, this document can serve as an instructional…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

310

Use of Semester-Long Data/Research Projects in Introductory Earth Science Courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Semester long research projects as a partial substitute for traditional laboratory exercises have been implemented in two, two-semester long Introductory Earth Science sequences. At the end of each semester of study, students are required to prepare a poster presentation and a short oral presentation of their results. This exercise is to simulate a poster session at a professional, scientific conference.

311

Teaching Botanical Identification to Adults: Experiences of the UK Participatory Science Project "Open Air Laboratories"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taxonomic education and botany are increasingly neglected in schools and universities, leading to a "missed generation" of adults that cannot identify organisms, especially plants. This study pilots three methods for teaching identification of native plant species to forty-three adults engaged in the participatory science project "Open Air…

Stagg, Bethan C.; Donkin, Maria

2013-01-01

312

Children and their 4-H animal projects: How children use science in agricultural activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many children are introduced to science through informal educational programs. 4-H, an educational youth program, has a history of introducing scientific practices into agriculture. The purpose of this ethnographically-driven case study is to examine how science informs the actions of children raising market animals in a 4-H project. For two years the researcher collected data on 4-H children with market animal projects. Observations, interviews, and artifacts gathered are interpreted using the framework of activity theory. This study provides evidence for how the context of an activity system influences individual actions. Rules developed by the organization guide the actions of children to incorporate physical and psychological tools of science into their project to achieve the object: producing animals of proper weight and quality to be competitive in the county fair. Children learn the necessary actions from a community of practitioners through which expertise is distributed. Children's learning is demonstrated by the way their participation in their project changes with time, from receiving assistance from others to developing expertise in which they provide assistance to others. The strength of this educational experience is how children apply specific tools of science in ways that provide meaning and relevancy to their 4-H activity.

Emo, Kenneth Roy

313

Radiological Sciences Discipline Advisory Group Final Report. Kentucky Allied Health Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Radiological sciences education in Kentucky and articulation within this field are examined, based on the Kentucky Allied Health Project (KAHP), which designed an articulated statewide system to promote entry and exit of personnel at a variety of educational levels. The KAHP model promotes articulation in learning, planning, and resource…

Kentucky Council on Public Higher Education, Frankfort.

314

Computer Science Master's Project A Network Packet Analyzer with Database Support  

E-print Network

Computer Science Master's Project A Network Packet Analyzer with Database Support BY Chi Yu Chan computer networks. Network packets are units of data traveling in these computer networks, and they carry the fully connected computer networks. For example, in [4] the source-destination information was used

Varela, Carlos

315

Human Genome Project discoveries: Dialectics and rhetoric in the science of genetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Human Genome Project (HGP), a $437 million effort that began in 1990 to chart the chemical sequence of our three billion base pairs of DNA, was completed in 2003, marking the 50th anniversary that proved the definitive structure of the molecule. This study considered how dialectical and rhetorical arguments functioned in the science, political, and public forums over a

Charlotte A. Robidoux

2008-01-01

316

Learning styles of science and engineering students in problem and project based education  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the Faculty of Engineering and Science at Aalborg University, Denmark, process skills are an integrated part of the curriculum objectives. During the first year programme, a special course in Collaboration, Learning and Project Management (CLP) is given to develop those skills. In order to develop students' learning and the CLP-course, the Felder-Soloman Index of Learning Styles (ILS®) has been

A. Kolmos; J. E. Holgaard

317

Focused Campaign Increases Activity among Participants in "Nature's Notebook," a Citizen Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science projects, which engage non-professional scientists in one or more stages of scientific research, have been gaining popularity; yet maintaining participants' activity level over time remains a challenge. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential for a short-term, focused campaign to increase participant activity in a…

Crimmins, Theresa M.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Rosemartin, Alyssa H.; Surina, Echo M.; Marsh, Lee; Denny, Ellen G.

2014-01-01

318

CSE293 Computer Science & Engineering Design Laboratory PDA and/or Cell Phone Projects  

E-print Network

CSE293 Computer Science & Engineering Design Laboratory PDA and/or Cell Phone Projects Two of the rapidly emerging technologies with programmatic interfaces are PDAs (e.g., Palm pilots) and cell phones of features and capabilities has dramatically increased their functionality over the past 5 years. Cell phone

Demurjian, Steven A.

319

Children's Ideas about "Metals." Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 112.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of metals is frequently taught in primary schools. However, when metals are suggested as one of a series of topics for study, students often initially show little enthusiasm for the topic. To determine the ideas that children have about metals the Learning in Science Project (Primary)--LISP(P)--interviewed thirty-eight 9- to 10-year-old…

Biddulph, Fred; Osborne, Roger

320

Independent research projects in school science: case studies of autonomous behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of students were interviewed about their experiences in pursuing independent research projects with a view to building up a picture of autonomous student behaviour in the pursuit of expressed interests. In each case the students were led to autonomous behaviour beyond that normally expected in school science. In quite a few cases the independence and commitment shown were

R. Tytler

1992-01-01

321

Unit Messengers, First Trial Materials, Inspection Set, [Australian Science Education Project].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Science Education Project is producing material designed for use in grades 7-10 of Australian schools. This is the first trial version of a unit concerned with sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. The teacher's guide outlines the use of the two booklets ("Messengers" and "Use of the Senses") intended for all students, where…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

322

Semester in Environmental Science, Independent Project, 2011 Effects of warming on soil respiration  

E-print Network

Semester in Environmental Science, Independent Project, 2011 Effects of warming on soil respiration;Abstract Soil respiration plays a significant role on global carbon cycle as the primary path that releases focuses on the effects of warming on soil respiration on three different types of soil. Soil from Harvard

Vallino, Joseph J.

323

Science Experiments on File. Experiments, Demonstrations and Projects for School and Home.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, addressed to students for their independent use as well as to teachers as a supplement to the standard texts, contains nearly 100 practical science experiments that cover a wide range of subjects at different grade and ability levels. It is designed to involve students in active scientific experimentation, demonstrations, and projects

Tyler, Vicki, Ed.

324

Children's Ideas about Hot and Cold. Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 127.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project (Primary)--LISP(P)--investigated the ideas and interests children have about hot and cold. Data were obtained from 25 children (12 boys and 13 girls), ages 8 to 11, using the "interview-about-instances" (IAI) procedure. Areas investigated included: (1) the meanings of the words "hot,""cold,""colder,""hotter," and…

Appleton, Ken

325

Animal, Plant, Living: Notes for Teachers. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper No. 30.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project investigated the proportion of students at different ages who considered a horse, person, dolphin, worm, and spider to be animals. Although scientists would agree that they are indeed animals, findings indicate that many students of varying ages did not consider them to be animals; similar findings were reported for…

Bell, Beverley

326

Retaining Women in the Sciences: Evidence from Douglass College's Project Super  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes the findings of a study of Project SUPER, an intervention program at Douglass College designed to improve retention rates of undergraduate women in math, science, and engineering. Project SUPER is the component of the Douglass Project that is aimed specifically at lst-year students who demonstrate ability and interest in math, science, or engineering. Students were interviewed and surveyed in their 3rd and 4th years of college to gain their retrospective opinions about the program and to identify factors that differentiated students who persisted in math, science, or engineering majors from those who did not. Although some components of the program were cited as being more effective than others, we found that Project SUPER had a positive impact on the academic lives of the women who participated. Participants were more likely than nonparticipants to major in math, science, or engineering, and they stated that the research and mentoring experiences available to them allowed them to make earlier, more informed academic and career decisions.

Fisler, Jennifer L.; Young, John W.; Hein, Jean L.

327

Clinical Laboratory Sciences Discipline Advisory Group Final Report. Kentucky Allied Health Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the clinical laboratory sciences in Kentucky and articulation within the field are examined, based on the Kentucky Allied Health Project (KAHP), which designed an articulated statewide system to promote entry and exit of personnel at a variety of educational levels. The KAHP model promotes articulation in learning, planning, and…

Kentucky Council on Public Higher Education, Frankfort.

328

The Use of Mobile Technologies in Project-Based Science: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to examine how a group of elementary students perceived their engagement in a project-based science intervention investigating the water quality of a local lake. The students collaborated with a scientist to conduct various experiments and used handheld computers to collect and analyze data in order to examine the…

Avraamidou, Lucy

2013-01-01

329

Project Marco Polo: Bridging the Gap between Natural and Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Project Marco Polo in which students, teachers, and staff from "National Geographic" and the U.S. Navy traveled to Japan. Reports that they studied Japanese culture, oceanography, and natural science while on the trip. Includes excerpts from field journals kept by the participants, photographs of the trip, and a map. (DK)

Bein, Frederick L.; Rea, Patrick

1992-01-01

330

Anatomy of a Technology Transfer: The National Commission on Libraries and Information Science Literacy Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a demonstration project conducted by the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science to transfer reading development technology developed by the military to adult literacy education. The development and testing of a computer-assisted instruction program for language skills in two library sites and plans for expanded testing…

Young, Christina Carr

1986-01-01

331

Pupils' Views about Spiders. Learning in Science Project (Primary). Working Paper No. 123.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project (Primary)--LISP(P)--investigated the ideas and interests about spiders held by 8- to 10-year-old children. Data included 303 questions--and answers to some of the questions--about spiders obtained from children in four classes and from responses obtained during individual interviews with 10 children from each age…

Hawe, Eleanor

332

Exploring Middle School Students' Use of Inscriptions in Project-Based Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores seventh graders' use of inscriptions in a teacher-designed project-based science unit. To investigate students' learning practices during the 8-month water quality unit, we collected multiple sources of data (e.g., classroom video recordings, student artifacts, and teacher interviews) and employed analytical methods that drew…

Wu, Hsin-Kai; Krajcik, Joseph S.

2006-01-01

333

Using the Mars Student Imaging Project to Integrate Science and English into Middle School Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bringing science to life in a middle school classroom, and getting students excited about writing an English research paper can be a challenge. We met the challenge by using the exploration of Mars with Arizona State University`s (ASU) Mars Student Imaging Project (MSIP). We replaced individuals writing their own research papers with teams writing scientific proposals for use of the

C. F. Lindgren; M. T. Troy; P. Valderrama

2005-01-01

334

A CONCEPTUAL DESIGN STUDY OF SUPERCONDUCTING PROTON LINEAR ACCELERATOR FOR NEUTRON SCIENCE PROJECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Neutron Science Project (NSP) at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) calls for an 8MW cw and pulsed proton linac. The current JAERI design proposes a superconducting proton linac for the energy range from 100MeV to 1.5GeV. Here, the present linac structure and the beam simulation are described.

Y. Honda; K. Hasegawa; N. Ouchi; J. Kusano; M. Mizumoto

335

Format-Free Databases and the Construction of Knowledge in Primary School Science Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study in which a teacher used the collaborative development of a format-free computer database to facilitate the construction of knowledge by a group of students (n=3) during a science project. Results indicate that knowledge construction is enhanced when children collaboratively develop a format-free database. Contains 27 references.…

Nason, Rod; And Others

1996-01-01

336

Effects of Service Learning Projects on Recruitment and Retention of Science Majors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present preliminary results of case studies conducted at Weber State University's Ott Planetarium. Between 5 and 20 undergraduates in any given semester carry out projects in the planetarium, ranging from outreach to the general public to outreach to K-12 classes to program development and production. These undergraduates are drawn from the full range of science undergraduate degrees. We assess

Stacy E. Palen; A. Johnston

2007-01-01

337

Research Opportunities A National Science Foundation (NSF) funded project has one research assistantship (RA) for a  

E-print Network

Research Opportunities A National Science Foundation (NSF) funded project has one research://www.csrc.sdsu.edu/doctoral_checklist.html) at the San Diego State University (SDSU) in Fall 2014 semester. This is a joint Ph.D. program between SDSU.sdsu.edu/~taoxie/research.html). The research assistantship will start at the Fall 2014 semester. REQUIRED QUALIFICATIONS: 1. A Bachelor degree

Xie, Tao

338

A Community-University Exchange Project Modeled after Europe's Science Shops  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a pilot project of the Morgridge Center for Public Service at the University of Wisconsin-Madison for a new structure for community-based learning and research. It is based on the European-derived science shop model for democratizing campus-community partnerships using shared values of mutual respect and validation of…

Tryon, Elizabeth; Ross, J. Ashleigh

2012-01-01

339

Life Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on life science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Life Process, Cells, Levels of Organization, Organ Systems, Food and Oxygen-Photosynthesis, Cycles, Energy, Resources, Cell…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

340

Learning styles of science and engineering students in problem and project based education  

E-print Network

Learning styles of science and engineering students in problem and project based education A of Learning Styles (ILS®) has been used in that course and data has been collected to investigate whether some learning style preferences are more conspicuous that others in a problem based learning environment

Hansen, René Rydhof

341

Negotiating ownership: Understanding the cultivation of student ownership in an urban science video project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intention of this study is to define student ownership in an informal science learning setting in a low performing middle school in New York City, to investigate what characterizes such ownership, and to determine how to cultivate it. In addition, I am interested in investigating the effects of the students' sense of ownership on their sense of self, in relation to the study and the practice of science and the role of race in power in framing the context in which ownership is cultivated. This is a qualitative study; specifically I apply a critical ethnography framework for both data collection an analysis. This study is based in an informal science video project lasting three years in which two groups of sixth and seventh grade students, made three movies about their perceptions of science, who they felt knew science, and how science related to their lives. In chapter IV, I explain that students' expression of ownership is visible via five main themes. (1) Students viewed themselves in relation to science in ways that are positive, empowering, and full of self-awareness. (2) Students actively and purposefully chose to expend their capital. (3) Students expressed pride around the multiple contexts. (4) Students used the video project to effect positive changes in their lives. (5) Students expressed positive and realistic vision for the role that science played in their lives. In chapter V, I explain that student agency and student ownership share a dialectic relationship in which student agency must be valued to cultivate student ownership and the cultivation of student ownership expands student agency. Lastly, in chapter VII, I explore the role race and power play in framing the context in which ownership is cultivated. Specifically, I argue that in order to cultivate ownership in high-poverty urban science learning environments, the teacher in this environment must be critically reflective of her/his practice and pay particular attention to issues of race and power.

O'Neill, Tara Breckenridge

342

Making Geology Relevant to Non-Science Majors Through the Environmental Site Assessment Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reports on the effectiveness of The Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) project, which was developed to make geology more relevant to non-science majors in Appalachian State University's Environmental and Applied Geology course. The authors describe the directed-inquiry approach, in which students are guided in applying the geoscience theory learned in the formal classroom setting to the reality of their own independent research projects. Student survey results indicated that this project had a positive impact on students' perceptions of the value and relevance of geoscience.

2003-09-01

343

Collaborative Visualization Project: shared-technology learning environments for science learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Project-enhanced science learning (PESL) provides students with opportunities for `cognitive apprenticeships' in authentic scientific inquiry using computers for data-collection and analysis. Student teams work on projects with teacher guidance to develop and apply their understanding of science concepts and skills. We are applying advanced computing and communications technologies to augment and transform PESL at-a-distance (beyond the boundaries of the individual school), which is limited today to asynchronous, text-only networking and unsuitable for collaborative science learning involving shared access to multimedia resources such as data, graphs, tables, pictures, and audio-video communication. Our work creates user technology (a Collaborative Science Workbench providing PESL design support and shared synchronous document views, program, and data access; a Science Learning Resource Directory for easy access to resources including two-way video links to collaborators, mentors, museum exhibits, media-rich resources such as scientific visualization graphics), and refine enabling technologies (audiovisual and shared-data telephony, networking) for this PESL niche. We characterize participation scenarios for using these resources and we discuss national networked access to science education expertise.

Pea, Roy D.; Gomez, Louis M.

1993-01-01

344

Turkey's next big science project: DAG the 4 meter telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The DAG (Turkish for Eastern Anatolia Observatory) 4-m telescope project has been formally launched in 2012, being fully funded by the Government of Turkey. This new observatory is to be located on a 3170 m altitude ridge near the town of Erzurum in Eastern Anatolia. First light is scheduled for late 2017. The DAG team's baseline design of the telescope consists of a Ritchey-Chretien type with alt-az mount, a focal length of 56 m and a field of view up to 30 arcmin. Multiple instruments will be located at the Nasmyth foci. The optical specifications of the telescope are set by DAG team for diffraction limited performance with active and adaptive optics. Modern mirror control technologies will allow defining in a most cost effective way the figuring requirements of the optical surfaces: the low order figuring errors of the combined optical train constituted of M1-M2-M3 are defined in terms of Zernike coefficients and referred to the M1 surface area. The high order figuring errors are defined using the phase structure functions. Daytime chilling of the closed enclosure volume and natural ventilation through suitable openings during observations will be used to ensure optimal mirror and dome seeing. A design of a ground layer adaptive optics (GLAO) subsystem is developed concurrently with the telescope. In this paper, main design aspects, the optical design and expected performance analysis of the telescope will be presented.

Keskin, O.; Yesilyaprak, C.; Yerli, S. K.; Zago, L.; Jolissaint, L.

2014-07-01

345

A Systematic Method of Stating Learning Objectives for an Ambitious Science Program: The Apqua Science Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational goals and objectives provide a reference for curriculum designers, teachers, and educators, and they are required for evaluation or accreditation processes. This article presents a systematic method to state the learning objectives and analyze the consistency of a secondary school science program developed in Spain. The method is…

El Boudamoussi, Samira; Medir, Magda; Gilabert, Robert; Jimenez, Bonifacio

2006-01-01

346

The Navajo Learning Network and the NASA Life Sciences/AFOSR Infrastructure Development Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NSF-funded Navajo Learning Network project, with help from NASA Life Sciences and AFOSR, enabled Dine College to take a giant leap forward technologically - in a way that could never had been possible had these projects been managed separately. The combination of these and other efforts created a network of over 500 computers located at ten sites across the Navajo reservation. Additionally, the college was able to install a modern telephone system which shares network data, and purchase a new higher education management system. The NASA Life Sciences funds further allowed the college library system to go online and become available to the entire campus community. NSF, NASA and AFOSR are committed to improving minority access to higher education opportunities and promoting faculty development and undergraduate research through infrastructure support and development. This project has begun to address critical inequalities in access to science, mathematics, engineering and technology for Navajo students and educators. As a result, Navajo K-12 education has been bolstered and Dine College will therefore better prepare students to transfer successfully to four-year institutions. Due to the integration of the NSF and NASA/AFOSR components of the project, a unified project report is appropriate.

1999-01-01

347

A Smooth Trajectory: Developing Continuity and Progression between Primary and Secondary Science Education through a Jointly-Planned Projectiles Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on findings from a two-year project--'Improving Science Together'--undertaken in 20 primary and four secondary schools in and around Bristol, UK. The project was funded by the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca PLC as part of their national Science Teaching Trust initiative, and had as one of its aims the development of…

Davies, Dan; McMahon, Kendra

2004-01-01

348

Adoption of ICT in Science Education: A Case Study of Communication Channels in a Teachers' Professional Development Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the use of various communication channels in science teachers' professional development project aiming to develop versatile uses for ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) in science teaching. A teacher network was created specifically for this project, and the researchers facilitated three forms of communication…

Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Aksela, Maija; Meisalo, Veijo

2009-01-01

349

The Environmental and Molecular Sciences Laboratory project -- Continuous evolution in leadership  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental and Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) construction project at Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Richland, Washington, is a $230M Major Systems Acquisition for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The completed laboratory will be a national user facility that provides unparalleled capabilities for scientists involved in environmental molecular science research. This project, approved for construction by the Secretary of Energy in October 1993, is underway. The United States is embarking on an environmental cleanup effort that dwarfs previous scientific enterprise. Using current best available technology, the projected costs of cleaning up the tens of thousands of toxic waste sites, including DOE sites, is estimated to exceed one trillion dollars. The present state of scientific knowledge regarding the effects of exogenous chemicals on human biology is very limited. Long term environmental research at the molecular level is needed to resolve the concerns, and form the building blocks for a structure of cost effective process improvement and regulatory reform.

Knutson, D.E.; McClusky, J.K.

1994-10-01

350

PROJECT PRAIRIE BIRDS: A CITIZEN SCIENCE PROJECT FOR WINTERING GRASSLAND BIRDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coastal prairies are the primary winter destination for two dozen species of migratory grassland birds and losses of this habitat have proven detrimental to their populations. As a result, some of Partners in Flight's (PIF) highest priority birds are grassland species. To examine grassland bird use of coastal prairies, Project Prairie Birds survey methodology was designed and field work was

SUSAN A. HEATH; C LIFFORD E. SHACKELFORD; CECILIA M. RILEY

2008-01-01

351

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam

352

Sense from Senses. Teacher's Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Simango, Sam

353

Our Planet Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities,…

Stocklmayer, Sue

354

Our Planet Earth. Study Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

355

The effects of topic choice in project-based instruction on undergraduate physical science students' interest, ownership, and motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivating nonscience majors in science and mathematics studies became one of the most interesting and important challenges in contemporary science and mathematics education. Therefore, designing and studying a learning environment, which enhances students' motivation, is an important task. This experimental study sought to explore the implications of student autonomy in topic choice in a project-based Physical Science Course for nonscience

Marina Milner-Bolotin

2001-01-01

356

Forces in Living Things. Study Guide. Unit H2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty; Zesaguli, Josie

357

Forces. Teacher's Guide. Units H1 and H2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Dock, Alan; Hosking, Bunty

358

Understanding Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Chidume, Kwashira

359

Understanding Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

360

Observing Some Life Cycles. Teacher's Guide. Unit E3. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide contains instructional…

Chitepo, Thoko; And Others

361

Life, Beginning and Growing. Study Guide. Unit E1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a three-part unit…

Hosking, Bunty

362

Using Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Chidume, Kwashira

363

Reproducing by Flowers and Seeds. Study Guide. Unit E2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and environmental laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide consists of…

Zesaguli, Josie

364

Reproducing by Flowers and Seeds. Teacher's Guide. Unit E2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Zesaguli, Josie

365

York company gets $2 million for efficiency project Industrial Science and Technology Network is one of 58 recent  

E-print Network

York company gets $2 million for efficiency project Industrial Science and Technology Network Specter. Industrial Science and Technology Network has been awarded the money in a recent round of funding. Industrial Science and Technology Network, 2101 Pennsylvania Ave, specializes in using nanotechnology

Gilchrist, James F.

366

ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, VOL. 26, NO. 4, 2009, 773782 How the "Best" Models Project the Future  

E-print Network

ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, VOL. 26, NO. 4, 2009, 773­782 How the "Best" Models Project-Zhu International Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029 2 Climate Change Research Center (CCRC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029 3 Graduate University

367

What Do You Know about Water? Study Guide. Unit D. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a three-part unit…

Dube, Peter

368

What Do You Know about Water? Teacher's Guide. Unit D. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Dube, Peter

369

Forces in Action. Study Guide. Unit H1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Dube, Peter

370

Forces. 'O' Level Study Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a five-part unit…

Udwin, Martin

371

Forces. 'O' Level Teacher's Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Udwin, Martin

372

Project CUES: A New Middle-School Earth System Science Curriculum Being Developed by the American Geological Institute  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project CUES is a middle-school earth systems science curriculum project under development by the American Geological Institute (AGI) and funded by the National Science Foundation (ESI-0095938). CUES features a student-centered, inquiry pedagogy and approaches earth science from a systems perspective. CUES will use the expanded learning cycle approach of Trowbridge and Bybee (1996), known as the 5E model (engage-explore-explain-elaborate-evaluate). Unlike

M. C. Smith; N. Lederman; J. B. Southard; E. A. Rogers; C. N. Callahan

2002-01-01

373

Evolving judgments of terror risks: foresight, hindsight, and emotion: a reanalysis.  

PubMed

The authors examined the evolution of cognitive and emotional responses to terror risks for a nationally representative sample of Americans between late 2001 and late 2002. Respondents' risk judgments changed in ways consistent with their reported personal experiences. However, they did not recognize these changes, producing hindsight bias in memories for their judgments. An intensive debiasing procedure failed to restore a foresightful perspective. A fear-inducing manipulation increased risk estimates, whereas an anger-inducing manipulation reduced them-both in predictions (as previously observed) and in memories and judgments of past risks. Thus, priming emotions shaped not only perceptions of an abstract future but also perceptions of a concrete past. These results suggest how psychological research can help to ensure an informed public. PMID:22708662

Fischhoff, Baruch; Gonzalez, Roxana M; Lerner, Jennifer S; Small, Deborah A

2012-06-01

374

The integration of engineering design projects into the secondary science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to compete in the global economy, the United States needs to adequately train an increasing number of students in the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields. Recent studies show that the U.S. is lagging behind other countries in international science and mathematics assessments, and that the motivation of students to enter into and stay in the STEM fields of study is low. Businesses and government alike are pushing for increased instruction in science and math for K-12 students as a means for producing larger numbers of STEM ready students. New approaches to adding more engineering instruction into the curriculum are being applied but current research into the effectiveness of such approaches is mixed. This study sought to gauge the effectiveness that integrating engineering design projects into the traditional physical science classroom has on students understanding of the applied scientific concepts as opposed to traditional instruction. The results indicate that integration of engineering design projects has a positive effect on student's science concept knowledge as well as their motivation in the classroom.

Green, Adam

375

The effect of the BalloonSat project on middle and high school students' attitude toward science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study measured the effect of completing a BalloonSat project on student attitude toward science. Seven categories of student attitudes toward science were measured using the Test of Science Relate Attitudes survey (TOSRA). The research anticipated that the BalloonSat project would have similar effects on student attitudes as found in robotics projects, like FIRST. The researcher also investigated whether gender moderated the effects of the BalloonSat project. This study enrolled 138 students from three states and one Canadian province. Students were free to select membership in either the treatment group or the control group. Student attitude toward science was measured prior to the start of the study and at its completion. Mean scores for the control and treatment group were then compared using an analysis of covariance. The effect of the BalloonSat project only affected one attitude toward science, Leisure Interest in Science. The study did not find gender was a factor in the effects of the BalloonSat project. This study is the first study of the BalloonSat project on grade 7--10 students and provides some evidence that a BalloonSat project can impact middle and high school attitude toward science.

Verhage, L. Paul

376

Project lead the way engineering and biomedical sciences curriculum programs engage students and improve performance in STEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Lead the Way (PLTW), a nationwide non-profit organization, is transforming schools by delivering innovative methods of project-based learning through rigorous and relevant engineering and biomedical sciences curricula that combine Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) in order to prepare middle and high school students for academic and professional success. The activity, project, and problem-based instructional model allows students to

Carolyn Malstrom

2011-01-01

377

The impact of foresight on environmental science and technology policy in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalisation, high tech development and environmental issues have made policy makers aware again of the possibilities of future studies for policy making. However, the lack of systematic knowledge about their impact is a major obstruction to a proper use of future studies. Especially since future studies no longer claim to predict the future, but are seen as a strategic tool

Barend van der Meulen

1999-01-01

378

The role of assessment infrastructures in crafting project-based science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In project-based science teaching, teachers engage students in the practice of conducting meaningful investigations and explanations of natural phenomena, often in collaboration with fellow students or adults. Reformers suggest that this approach can provide students with more profitable learning experiences; but for many teachers, a shift to such instruction can be difficult to manage. As some reform-minded teachers have discovered, classroom assessment can serve as a vital tool for meeting the challenges associated with project science activity. In this research, classroom assessment was viewed as an infrastructure that both students and teachers rely upon as a mediational tool for classroom activity and communications. The study explored the classroom assessment infrastructures created by three teachers involved in the Learning through Collaborative Visualization (CoVis) Project from 1993--94 to 1995--96. Each of the three teachers under study either created a new course or radically reformulated an old one in an effort to incorporate project-based science pedagogy and supporting technologies. Data in the form of interviews, classroom observations, surveys, student work, and teacher records was collected. From these data, an interpretive case study was developed for each course and its accompanying assessment infrastructure. A set of cross-case analyses was also constructed, based upon common themes that emerged from all three cases. These themes included: the assessment challenges based on the nature of project activity, the role of technology in the teachers' assessment infrastructure designs, and the influence of the wider assessment infrastructure on their course and assessment designs. In combination, the case studies and cross-case analyses describe the synergistic relationship between the design of pedagogical reforms and classroom assessment infrastructures, as well as the effectiveness of all three assessment designs. This work contributes to research and practice associated with assessment and pedagogical reform in three ways. First, it provides a theoretical frame for the relationship between assessment and pedagogical reform. Second, it provides a set of taxonomies which outline both the challenges of project-based science activity and typical assessment strategies to meet them. Finally, it provides a set of cautions and recommendations for designing classroom assessment infrastructures in support of project-based science.

D'Amico, Laura Marie

379

Fundamental remote sensing science research program: The Scene Radiation and Atmospheric Effects Characterization Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Scene Radiation and Atmospheric Effects Characterization (SRAEC) Project was established within the NASA Fundamental Remote Sensing Science Research Program to improve our understanding of the fundamental relationships of energy interactions between the sensor and the surface target, including the effect of the atmosphere. The current studies are generalized into the following five subject areas: optical scene modeling, Earth-space radiative transfer, electromagnetic properties of surface materials, microwave scene modeling, and scatterometry studies. This report has been prepared to provide a brief overview of the SRAEC Project history and objectives and to report on the scientific findings and project accomplishments made by the nineteen principal investigators since the project's initiation just over three years ago. This annual summary report derives from the most recent annual principal investigators meeting held January 29 to 31, 1985.

Deering, D. W.

1985-01-01

380

Science Students Creating Hybrid Spaces when Engaging in an Expo Investigation Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we report on the experiences of three 9th-grade South African students (13-14 years) in doing open science investigation projects for a science expo. A particular focus of this study was the manner in which these students merge the world of school science with their social world to create a hybrid space by appropriating knowledge and resources of the school and home. Within this hybrid space they experienced a deeper, more meaningful and authentic engagement in science practical work. This hybrid space redefined the landscape of the science learning experience for these students, as they could derive the twofold benefit of appropriating support when necessary and at the same time maintain their autonomy over the investigation. For South Africa and quite probably other countries; these findings serve as a guideline as to how opportunities can be created for students to do open science investigations, against prevailing school factors such as large classes, a lack of physical resources, the lack of time for practical work and the demands of syllabus coverage.

Ramnarain, Umesh; de Beer, Josef

2013-02-01

381

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science And Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators And Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modelling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multiphysics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-10-21

382

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators is essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modeling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multi-physics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2008-07-01

383

A Short-Term and Long-Term Study of a Science Investigation Project in Geology, Used by Non-science High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A geological investigation project named "Geotop" was introduced into the high school geography curriculum of Israel as a vehicle to enhance geology and science education within a non-science population. Findings of student attitude questionnaires indicate students hold high positive attitudes in the affective and cognitive domains of the program.…

Orion, Nir

1994-01-01

384

Science in Hawaii/Haawina Hoopapau: A Culturally Responsive Curriculum Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The marvels of modern science often fail to engage indigenous students, as the content and instructional style are usually rooted in the Western experience. This 3 year project, funded by the US Dept. of Education for the Education of Native Hawaiians, offers a curriculum that teaches science through (rather than just about) Native Hawaiian culture. The curriculum focuses on the interdependence of natural resources in our ahupuaa, or watersheds, and helps students strengthen their sense of place and self to malama i ka aina, to care for the land. Further, the curriculum is designed to: engage students in scientific study with relevant, interesting content and activities; improve student achievement of state department of education standards; increase student knowledge and skills in science, math and language arts; respond to the learning needs of Native Hawaiian and/or at-risk students. The project will be presented by a curriculum writer who created and adapted more than a year's worth of materials by teaming with kupuna (respected elders), local cultural experts and role models, educators (new, veteran, Hawaiian, non-Hawaiian, mainland, general and special education teachers), and professionals at the Center on Disability Studies at the University of Hawaii and ALU LIKE, Inc, a non-profit organization to assist Native Hawaiians. The materials created thus far are available for viewing at: www.scihi.hawaii.edu The curriculum, designed for grades 8-11 science classes, can be used to teach a year-long course, a unit, or single lesson related to astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, geology, oceanography, physical and environmental sciences. This project is in its final year of field testing, polishing and dissemination, and therefore this session will encourage idea sharing, as does our copyright free Web site.

Galloway, L. M.; Roberts, K.; Leake, D. W.; Stodden, R. S.; Crabbe, V.

2005-12-01

385

The Energy Problem: What the Helios Project Can Do About it (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

SciTech Connect

The energy problem is one of the most important issues that science and technology has to solve. Nobel laureate and Berkeley Lab Director Steven Chu proposes an aggressive research program to transform the existing and future energy systems of the world away from technologies that emit greenhouse gases. Berkeley Lab's Helios Project concentrates on renewable fuels, such as biofuels, and solar technologies, including a new generation of solar photovoltaic cells and the conversion of electricity into chemical storage to meet future demand.

Chu, Steven

2007-04-23

386

National Science Foundation Project on Advanced Online Education in Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) project # DUE-0196015 is aimed to develop innovative Web-based and screaming media-based teaching and learning technologies to be used in advanced online education in information technology (IT) curriculum. It is hosted by the InterLabs Research Institute (IRI) at Bradley University (Peoria, IL). Today, streaming media technology is one of

Vladimir Uskov; Alexander Uskov

2004-01-01

387

A HIGH INTENSITY PROTON LINAC DEVELOPMENT FOR THE JAERI NEUTRON SCIENCE PROJECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

JAERI has been proposing the Neutron Science Project (NSP) which will be composed of a high intensity proton accelerator and various research fac ilities. The accelerator with an energy of 1.5GeV and a beam power of 8MW is required to operate both with pulse mode for basic research fields and CW mode for nuclear waste transmutation studies. A superconducting (SC)

M. Mizumoto; J. Kusano; K. Hasegawa; N. Ouchi; H. Oguri; M. Kinsho; E. Chishiro; T. Tomisawa; Y. Touchi; M. Ikegami; Y. Honda; K. Mukugi; H. Ino; F. Noda; N. Akaoka; H. Kaneko

388

A design study of the proton storage ring for the Neutron Science Project at JAERI  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the proposed Neutron Science Project (NSP) at JAERI is to provide a short pulsed proton beam of less than 1 ?s with an average beam power of 5 MW. To achieve such purpose, a proton storage ring operated at 50 Hz with 4.17×1014 protons per pulse at 1.5 GeV is required. Two kinds of a lattice are

M. Kinsho; F. Noda; J. Kusano; M. Mizumoto; H. Yokomizo

1999-01-01

389

The Energy Problem: What the Helios Project Can Do About it (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema

The energy problem is one of the most important issues that science and technology has to solve. Nobel laureate and Berkeley Lab Director Steven Chu proposes an aggressive research program to transform the existing and future energy systems of the world away from technologies that emit greenhouse gases. Berkeley Lab's Helios Project concentrates on renewable fuels, such as biofuels, and solar technologies, including a new generation of solar photovoltaic cells and the conversion of electricity into chemical storage to meet future demand.

Chu, Steven

2011-04-28

390

SoCS: Socially intelligent computing to support citizen science The proposed research project will investigate the capabilities and potential of social computational  

E-print Network

SoCS: Socially intelligent computing to support citizen science The proposed research project science, that is, research projects involving "partnerships be- tween volunteers and scientists production and innovation in citizen science projects; 2. generating new models of SoCS that support large

Crowston, Kevin

391

Citizen Science participation in the NASA CERES Students' Cloud Observations Online Project (S'COOL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many science programs designed for the classroom see little participation when school is not in session. Many factors, such as materials, cost, needing a teacher to lead discussion, and reporting/assessment criteria are classroom-centric. The S'COOL project has the ability to serve not only as a classroom-teaching tool, but as a citizen science project in which anyone can help NASA collect cloud data. Since its inception in 1997, the S'COOL project has invited help from the citizen science community from age 6 to 99. The S'COOL project has the ability to reach everyone in the world through satellite overpasses. This provides the citizen scientist with a temporal "match", i.e., the opportunity to make cloud observations "looking up" as various NASA Earth observing satellites make cloud observations "looking down" at the same location. After an observation is made, the observing scientist completes an online report form and sends this directly to NASA Langley Research Center's Atmospheric Science Data Center. After the satellite data are processed, generally within a week, an auto-generated email informs the observer of what the satellite observed, compared side-by-side with what they observed. All of the observations are stored in a database for later viewing and analysis. The ability to view satellite matches and past observations allows the citizen scientist to develop good scientific practices, particularly skills in cloud observation and data analysis techniques. Much of the success of the S'COOL project can be associated with its aim as a classroom-based program that transcends to the citizen science community. This allows both parties to have access to the same materials and data, creating an authentic science experience. Another avenue of success can be found in the project's translation of materials into French and Spanish. Translation provides a multicultural perspective and enables broader participation. Since the aim of the S'COOL project is to collect ground truth data for CERES the 3 satellites currently carrying those instruments provide several options for scheduling. Should the citizen scientist be of school age, the student will be able to take the skills learned with the S'COOL project from the backyard to the classroom - or vice versa. S'COOL has attracted some unique citizen scientists over the years, providing ground truth observations from several unique locations. These include a group that circumnavigated the American continents, a woman who has rowed solo across all the world's oceans, and planned participation this fall from several Pacific research cruises. Classroom students turn ROVER observers, or citizen scientists that observe from varying locations, help over summer breaks and vacations. This is the case with a dedicated Connecticut elementary classroom that observes clouds as a class and is assigned summer work as roving observers to continue the data collection over their break. Outcomes: This paper will summarize the S'COOL project's experience with a variety of citizen scientists over the course of activities to date.

Lewis, P. M.; Moore, S.; Crecelius, S.; Rogerson, T.; Chambers, L. H.

2012-12-01

392

Elements of the Next Generation Science Standards' (NGSS) New Framework for K-12 Science Education aligned with STEM designed projects created by Kindergarten, 1st and 2nd grade students in a Reggio Emilio project approach setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines how elements of the Next Generation Science Standards' (NGSS) New Framework for K-12 Science Education standards (National Research Council 2011)---specifically the cross-cutting concept "cause and effect" are aligned with early childhood students' creation of projects of their choice. The study took place in a Reggio Emilio-inspired, K-12 school, in a multi-aged kindergarten, first and second grade classroom with 14 students. Students worked on their projects independently with the assistance of their peers and teachers. The students' projects and the alignment with the Next Generation Science Standards' New Framework were analyzed by using pre and post assessments, student interviews, and discourse analysis. Results indicate that elements of the New Framework for K-12 Science Education emerged through students' project presentation, particularly regarding the notion of "cause and effect". More specifically, results show that initially students perceived the relationship between "cause and effect" to be negative.

Facchini, Nicole

393

The GeoBus project: a mobile Earth science outreach project for secondary schools in the UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GeoBus is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews. It is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (high) schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. These linkages are important for introducing career opportunities in Earth sciences. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 140 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 20,000 pupils will have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities by December 2013, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run workshops, field excursions and Enterprise Challenges. GeoBus provides 16 workshops which can be adapted for different learning levels. Workshops are 50 to 80 minute sessions for up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. The Enterprise Challenges are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Current topics are Drilling for Oil, Renewable Energy, a Journey to Mars and Scotland's Rock Story. Drilling for Oil and Renewable Energy were designed to incorporate ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. These challenges develop geological skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in the natural resources sector. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.

Robinson, R. A.; Roper, K. A.; Macfarlane, D.; Pike, C.

2013-12-01

394

Project first and eye on the sky: strategies for teaching space science in the early grades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Elementary educators typically have only limited opportunity to teach substantive science units. This is due, in great part, to the current primary focus on literacy and mathematics instruction in the early grades. It is not surprising then, that the time and resources allocated to science teaching are significantly less than those allocated to language arts and mathematics. The integration of elementary science curricula with language arts provides one means of addressing the challenge of maintaining a robust science presence in the elementary classroom. Project FIRST's Eye on the Sky suggests a model for the successful integration of science instruction with language arts through inquiry-based learning. The model has been adopted by other Education/Public Outreach efforts, most recently, the Cassini- Huygens Mission and the Space Telescope Institute. We will present Eye on the Sky: Our Star the Sun, a suite of integrated, inquiry-based lessons designed specifically for K-4 students and discuss data showing the program's impact on the user audience. These materials offer an exciting opportunity to explore the dynamic Sun and share research discoveries of NASA's Sun-Earth Connection with the elementary education community. The lessons were developed and tested by UC Berkeley educators and NASA scientists in partnership with classroom teachers. We will review the program components and examine the benefits and challenges inherent in implementing such a program in the elementary school setting.

Paglierani, R.; Hawkins, I.

395

Tackling five main problem areas found in science (ground segment) project developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science projects which require a large software development may use many scientists alongside a few professional software engineers. Such projects tend to show extreme cases of the general problems associated with software developments. After introducing an example of a large software development in a science project, the importance of a development management plan will be emphasised and sections of the plan highlighted and it is explained how these sections address and prepare for the expected problems throughout the life of the project. A positive, strongly proactive quality assurance, QA, approach is the common theme throughout. The role of QA is, therefore, more to guide, support and advise all members of the team rather than only to detect and react to problems. The top five problem areas addressed are: 1. Vague, late and missing requirements. 2. Few professional software engineers in a large software development. 3. A lack of testers with an appropriate test mentality. 4. Quality Assurance people cannot be everywhere, nor have in-depth skills in every subject. 5. Scientists will want to start coding and see writing documents as a waste of their time.

Lock, T.; Pérez-López, F.

2014-08-01

396

Global Online Science Labs for Inquiry Learning at School Collaborative Project in European Unions Seventh Framework Programme  

E-print Network

Go-Lab Global Online Science Labs for Inquiry Learning at School Collaborative Project in European of participatory activity conducted in Go-Lab: Visionary Workshop (VW) and Participatory Design (PD) workshop. VWs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

397

Kristina Lerman Kristina Lerman is a Project Leader at the Information Sciences Institute, a unit of the  

E-print Network

grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA research communities, Dr. Lerman was principal organizer of the 2014 IPAM workshop on Mathematics of Social

Lerman, Kristina

398

A project operated by RIKEN as part of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology's High Performance  

E-print Network

A project operated by RIKEN as part of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science on their genetic makeup. The goal is to provide the most appropriate treatment for each patient, in a way

Fukai, Tomoki

399

Project ALERT: Forging New Partnerships to Improve Earth System Science Education for Pre-Service and In-Service Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Project ALERT (Augmented Learning Environment and Renewable Teaching) was founded in 1998, with funding from NASA and the California State University (CSU), to improve earth system science education for pre-service teachers. Project ALERT has formed linkages between ten campuses of the CSU, which prepares about 60 percent of California's teachers, and two NASA centers, Ames Research Center and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ALERT has also fostered alliances between earth science and science education faculty. The combined expertise of Project ALERT's diverse partners has led to a wide array of activities and products, including: 1) incorporation in university classrooms of NASA-developed imagery, data, and educational resources; 2) creation and/or enhancement of several courses that bring earth systems science to pre-service teachers; 3) fellowships for CSU faculty to participate in collaborative research and education projects at the NASA Centers; 4) development of teaching modules on such varied topics as volcanoes, landslides, and paleoclimate; and 5) a central web site that highlights resources for teaching introductory Earth system science. An outgrowth of Project ALERT is the increased interest on the part of CSU earth scientists in education issues. This has catalyzed their participation in other projects, including NASA's Project NOVA, Earth System Science Education Alliance, and Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum, the Digital Library for Earth System Science Education, and the California Science Project. Project ALERT has also expanded to provide professional development opportunities for in-service teachers, as exemplified by its support of the Bay Area Earth Science Institute (BAESI) at San Jose State University. Each year, BAESI offers 10-15 full-day workshops that supply teachers and teachers-to-be with a blend of science concepts and classroom activities, free instructional materials, and the opportunity to earn inexpensive university credit. These workshops have been enriched by the incorporation of earth and space science information and curricular materials from NASA. In addition, visits to Ames Research Center have given BAESI participants an opportunity to explore the Educator Resource Center, learn about NASA's programs for teachers and students, and experience presentations by NASA scientists engaged in cutting edge research about the earth system. Project ALERT demonstrates the power of a state-based partnership that unites scientists and educators with diverse perspectives and strengths in a synergistic effort to improve science education.

Metzger, E. P.; Ambos, E. L.; Ng, E. W.; Skiles, J.; Simila, G.; Garfield, N.

2002-05-01

400

Striking a Balance Between Innovation and Standards: A Study of Teachers Implementing Project-Based Approaches to Teaching Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research reports on the efforts of six middle school and high school science teachers in a public school district in New York City to balance innovative teaching methods and strategies with the New York State Learning Standards and Regents requirements. More specifically, this research examines the factors that influenced the implementation of project-based approaches to teaching and learning science.

Regina E. Toolin

2004-01-01

401

E-Learning — Innovative Pedagogical Project in the Higher Education to Promote and Support Space Sciences and Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pécs University’s e-Learning method of presentations represents a new online up-to-date system for the new web oriented student generation in sciences and mathematics, focusing on space sciences and technology, in accord with NASA STEM project.

Hegyi, S.; Bérczi, Sz.; Kereszturi, A.; Hargitai, H.

2011-03-01

402

Education and Public Outreach at The Pavilion Lake Research Project: Fusion of Science and Education using Web 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pavilion Lake Research Project (PLRP) is an international multi-disciplinary science and exploration effort to explain the origin and preservation potential of freshwater microbialites in Pavilion Lake, British Columbia, Canada. Using multiple exploration platforms including one person DeepWorker submersibles, Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, and SCUBA divers, the PLRP acts as an analogue research site for conducting science in extreme environments, such

B. R. Cowie; D. S. Lim; R. Pendery; B. Laval; G. F. Slater; A. L. Brady; W. L. Dearing; M. Downs; A. Forrest; D. S. Lees; R. A. Lind; M. Marinova; D. Reid; M. A. Seibert; R. Shepard; D. Williams

2009-01-01

403

Background Paper -Research Workshop on Expectations in Science & Technology April 29 30, 2004, Ris, Denmark  

E-print Network

Background Paper - Research Workshop on Expectations in Science & Technology April 29 ­ 30, 2004, Risø, Denmark Expectations in Nanotechnology and in Energy ­ Foresight in the Sea of Expectations Mads Borup and Kornelia Konrad Introduction Expectations and visions about the future are increasingly

404

The future is here: a review of foresight systems in anxiety and depression.  

PubMed

Cognitive models of anxiety and depression have long suggested a central role for future-oriented thinking in these disorders. Experimental studies suggest that anxiety and depression are characterised by distinct future-oriented thinking profiles, and that these profiles are markedly different from those of asymptomatic adults. In this paper, we review these profiles and propose two explanatory models marked by two different neurocognitive systems. The Reconstructive Memory Model emphasises a role for emotionally driven learning and retrieval in episodic foresight (i.e., the construction of future-oriented scenarios), and the Valuation Model proposes that an overweighing of risk and uncertainty estimates can be invoked to explain the future-oriented thought patterns. We consider the effectiveness of interventions aimed at altering such thought patterns. We suggest that future research aimed at elucidating the neurobiological underpinnings of future-oriented thinking in anxiety and depression can play an important role in advancing development of effective biological and psychosocial interventions for these disorders. PMID:24320101

Miloyan, Beyon; Pachana, Nancy A; Suddendorf, Thomas

2014-01-01

405

The effects of topic choice in project-based instruction on undergraduate physical science students' interest, ownership, and motivation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motivating nonscience majors in science and mathematics studies became one of the most interesting and important challenges in contemporary science and mathematics education. Therefore, designing and studying a learning environment, which enhances students' motivation, is an important task. This experimental study sought to explore the implications of student autonomy in topic choice in a project-based Physical Science Course for nonscience majors' on students' motivational orientation. It also suggested and tested a model explaining motivational outcomes of project-based learning environment through increased student ownership of science projects. A project, How Things Work, was designed and implemented in this study. The focus of the project was application of physical science concepts learned in the classroom to everyday life situations. Participants of the study (N = 59) were students enrolled in three selected sections of a Physical Science Course, designed to fulfill science requirements for nonscience majors. These sections were taught by the same instructor over a period of an entire 16-week semester at a large public research university. The study focused on four main variables: student autonomy in choosing a project topic, their motivational orientation, student ownership of the project, and the interest in the project topic. Achievement Goal Orientation theory became the theoretical framework for the study. Student motivational orientation, defined as mastery or performance goal orientation, was measured by an Achievement Goal Orientation Questionnaire. Student ownership was measured using an original instrument, Ownership Measurement Questionnaire, designed and tested by the researchers. Repeated measures yoked design, ANOVA, ANCOVA, and multivariate regression analysis were implemented in the study. Qualitative analysis was used to complement and verify quantitative results. It has been found that student autonomy in the project choice did not make a significant impact on their motivational orientation, while their initial interest in the project topic did. The latter was found to be related to students' ownership of the project, which was found to lead to improved mastery goal orientation. These findings indicate that incorporating project-based learning in science teaching may lead to increased student mastery goal orientation, and may result in improved science learning.

Milner-Bolotin, Marina

2001-07-01

406

Curriculum Using Real Science Data at the Princeton Earth Physics Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PEPP (the Princeton Earth Physics Project) is a network of seismic recording stations place in high schools across the US for educational purposes. Students use the PEPP network to study earthquakes and develop scientific and mathematical skills in the classroom using real seismic data. PEPP's goal is to engage students in the process of hands-on science and inquiry based learning by operating their own seismological observatory and gathering and analyzing research quality data. This past summer three teachers collaborated with scientists at Princeton University to develop new curricula for PEPP. The curricula needs for the PEPP project are complex. The program as it is now structured is mostly aimed at high school physics classes. However, many of the students who are introduced to the PEPP project are Earth science for the 8th and 9th grades. We developed six curriculum modules geared to Earth sciences students. The modules can serve as an introduction to physics students as well with some minor additions. The first two modules introduce students to the rocks and minerals of the Earth. The subsequent modules explore Earthquake phenomena. Students learn about the waves that are generated by earthquakes and the propagation of seismic waves through the Earth. In the early modules students are introduced to software that they will use to view and analyze seismic waves. In the later modules students use these tools investigating data that they and other schools in the PEPP program have recorded. A PEPP certificate program was developed to enhance these modules. There are currently 4 levels of certification in the program. Each level requires a higher level of achievement by the student. As students rise to greater levels of achievement, they receive additional certificates from Princeton. These certificates are a motivating factor in encouraging students to proceed with PEPP.

Steinberg, D.; Phinney, R.

2000-12-01

407

Supporting Teachers' Use of a Project-Based Learning Environment in Ocean Science: Web-Based Educative Curriculum Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of inquiry and project-based materials is challenging in many ways, not the least of which is the design of supports for teachers implementing such materials. We report on the design of educative and just-in-time teacher supports for an online project-based unit in ocean science. The teacher supports were visible as tabs on the…

Duncan, Ravit Golan; El-Moslimany, Hebbah; McDonnell, Janice; Lichtenwalner, Sage

2011-01-01

408

Assessment of the Inquiry-based Project Implementation Process in Science Education Upon Students' Points of Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim of the study is to assess how students in 6th, 7th and 8th grades of primary education see the project works made in science education and their implementation processes. The study was fulfilled upon the descriptive survey model to collect data. Participants of the research were 100 students who had project implementation experiences in…

Akinoglu, Orhan

2008-01-01

409

The Ariadne project: an evaluation of a print and Web magazine for library and information science professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on an evaluation of the Ariadne project, which involved the production, from 1995 to 1998, of a print and Web magazine for library and information science professionals. Ariadne was one of the few Electronic Library projects aimed at providing a service to this community. The results of the survey indicate that Ariadne has filled a gap and has helped

Anne L. Barker; Lucy A. Tedd

1999-01-01

410

University of Wisconsin-Madison Oral History Project: Women in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin - Madison Oral History Project began as an effort to interview prominent emeritus faculty members about their research and careers at the University. The Project's scope has expanded now to include interviews with campus administrators, staff, and students as well as faculty. Several themes have been taken up over the years, such as the Teaching Assistants Strike of 1970 or the protests against the Vietnam War. The new series is on Women in Science and Engineering and includes both interviews conducted prior to 2003, as well as new interviews currently being conducted as part of the series. Although transcripts must be ordered and tapes available for listening by appointment, the website provides tape indexes, which are essentially interview summaries, and a few sample sound clips and transcripts.

411

International Infrastructure for Planetary Sciences: Universal Planetary Database Development Project 'the International Planetary Data Alliance'  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Planetary Data Alliance (IPDA), formed under COSPAR in 2008, is a joint international effort to enable global access and exchange of high quality planetary science data, and to establish archive standards that make it easier to share data across international boundaries. In June - July 2009, we held the 4th Steering Committee meeting. Thanks to the many players from several agencies and institutions in the world, we got fruitful results in 6 projects: (1) Inter-operable Planetary Data Access Protocol (PDAP) implementations [led by J. Salgado@ESA], (2) Small bodies interoperability [led by I. Shinohara@JAXA & N. Hirata@U. Aizu], (3) PDAP assessment [led by Y. Yamamoto@JAXA], (4) Architecture and standards definition [led by D. Crichton@NASA], (5) Information model and data dictionary [led by S. Hughes@NASA], and (6) Venus Express Interoperability [led by N. Chanover@NMSU]. The projects demonstrated the feasibility of sharing data and emphasized the importance of developing common data standards to ensure world-wide access to international planetary archives. The Venus Express Interoperability project leveraged standards and technology efforts from both the Planetary Data System (PDS) and IPDA in order to deliver a new capability for data sharing between NASA/PDS and ESA/PSA. This project demonstrated a model and framework for linking compliant planetary archive systems for future international missions. The next step for IPDA, during the 2009-2010 period, will be to work with NASA/PDS to review and participate in an upgrade of its standards to improve both the consistency of the standards to build compliant international archives as well as improve long-term usability of the science data products. This paper presents the achievements and plans, which will be summarized in the paper which will appear in 'Space Research Today' in December 2009.

Kasaba, Yasumasa; Crichton, D.; Capria, M. T.; Beebe, R.; Zender, J.

2009-09-01

412

Current Projects and Activities in K-12 Science Education Curriculum Development. ERIC/SMEAC Science Education Digest No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advances in science and technology, information in philosophy and psychology, and changes in society have placed different demands on science education than was the case in the 1960's. Post-Sputnik era curricula in science were organized to reflect the structure of the discipline and were aimed primarily at encouraging students to pursue science

Blosser, Patricia E.

413

NonDyWebTools an e-Science and e-Learning project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nonlinear Dynamics Web Tools is an e-Science and e-Learning project which is beginning to be developed in the University of The Rioja. The goal it pursues is to encourage scientific collaboration through Internet at the level of Dynamics Systems, in general, and in Astrodynamics, in particular. In this project a Web-Site embedding in Moodle is going to be built which, on the one hand, will allow project collaborators to integrate applications they develop in the Web-Site, and, on the other, ease access to those researchers and students who are interested in the use of these applications and the theoretical knowledge they are based on. Another of the objectives which we propose in this project is that each one of the applications can count on the collaboration of the researcher responsible for the development in question, assessing users, and even offering the possibility of adapting the code to the characteristics of the proposed problem, in the case that the code is not valid and that such modification be possible.

San-Juan, J. F.; López, R.

2010-10-01

414

Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators are essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC-1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC-2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modelling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multiphysics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors. ComPASS is in the first year of executing its plan to develop the next-generation HPC accelerator modeling tools. ComPASS aims to develop an integrated simulation environment that will utilize existing and new accelerator physics modules with petascale capabilities, by employing modern computing and solver technologies. The ComPASS vision is to deliver to accelerator scientists a virtual accelerator and virtual prototyping modeling environment, with the necessary multiphysics, multiscale capabilities. The plan for this development includes delivering accelerator modeling applications appropriate for each stage of the ComPASS software evolution. Such applications are already being used to address challenging problems in accelerator design and optimization. The ComPASS organization for software development and applications accounts for the natural domain areas (beam dynamics, electromagnetics, and advanced acceleration), and all areas depend on the enabling technologies activities, such as solvers and component technology, to deliver the desired performance and integrated simulation environment. The ComPASS applications focus on computationally challenging problems important for design or performance optimization to all major HEP, NP, and BES accelerator facilities. With the cost and complexity of particle accelerators rising, the use of computation to optimize their designs and find improved operating regimes becomes essential, potentially leading to significant cost savings with modest investment.

Spentzouris, P.; /Fermilab; Cary, J.; /Tech-X, Boulder; McInnes, L.C.; /Argonne; Mori, W.; /UCLA; Ng, C.; /SLAC; Ng, E.; Ryne, R.; /LBL, Berkeley

2011-11-14

415

COMPASS, the COMmunity Petascale project for Accelerator Science and Simulation, a board computational accelerator physics initiative  

SciTech Connect

Accelerators are the largest and most costly scientific instruments of the Department of Energy, with uses across a broad range of science, including colliders for particle physics and nuclear science and light sources and neutron sources for materials studies. COMPASS, the Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation, is a broad, four-office (HEP, NP, BES, ASCR) effort to develop computational tools for the prediction and performance enhancement of accelerators. The tools being developed can be used to predict the dynamics of beams in the presence of optical elements and space charge forces, the calculation of electromagnetic modes and wake fields of cavities, the cooling induced by comoving beams, and the acceleration of beams by intense fields in plasmas generated by beams or lasers. In SciDAC-1, the computational tools had multiple successes in predicting the dynamics of beams and beam generation. In SciDAC-2 these tools will be petascale enabled to allow the inclusion of an unprecedented level of physics for detailed prediction.

Cary, J.R.; Spentzouris, P.; Amundson, J.; McInnes, L.; Borland, M.; Mustapha, B.; Ostroumov, P.; Wang, Y.; Fischer, W.; Fedotov, A.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Ryne, R.; Esarey, E.; Geddes, C.; Qiang, J.; Ng, E.; Li, S.; Ng, C.; Lee, R.; Merminga, L.; Wang, H.; Bruhwiler, D.L.; Dechow, D.; Mullowney, P.; Messmer, P.; Nieter, C.; Ovtchinnikov, S.; Paul, K.; Stoltz, P.; Wade-Stein, D.; Mori, W.B.; Decyk, V.; Huang, C.K.; Lu, W.; Tzoufras, M.; Tsung, F.; Zhou, M.; Werner, G.R.; Antonsen, T.; Katsouleas, T.; Morris, B.

2007-07-16

416

The Impact of the SESAME Project on Science and Society in the Middle East  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East) is a UNESCO-sponsored project that is constructing an international research laboratory, closely modeled on CERN, in Jordan (www.sesame.org.jo). Ten Members of the governing Council (Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Pakistan, Palestinian Authority, and Turkey) have responsibility for the project, led by Herwig Schopper, Council President since 1999. In late 2008 Chris Llewellyn-Smith will become Council President. SESAME was initiated by a gift from Germany of the decommissioned BESSY I facility. The BESSY I 0.8 GeV injector is now being installed in the recently completed building, funded by Jordan, as components are procured for a new 133 m circumference, 2.5 GeV third-generation storage ring with 12 locations for insertion devices. Beam line equipment has been provided by laboratories in France, UK, and US. Support also comes from EU, IAEA, ICTP, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, the US Department of Energy and State Department, and laboratories around the world. The broad scientific program includes biomedical, environmental, and archaeological programs particularly relevant to the Middle East. Five scientific workshops and six annual Users' meetings have brought together several hundred scientists from the region, along with researchers from around the world. Training programs have enabled about 100 scientists from the region to work at synchrotron radiation laboratories. These activities have already had significant impact on science and society in the Middle East, for example leading to collaborations between scientists from countries that are not particularly friendly with each other, and to national planning emphasizing synchrotron radiation research. When research starts in 2011 this impact will grow as graduate students are trained in the region in many scientific disciplines, and scientists working abroad are attracted to return.

Winick, Herman

2008-04-01

417

UnCommon Knowledge: Projects That Help Middle-School-Age Youth Discover the Science and Mathematics in Everyday Life. Volume One: Hands-On Science Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains hands-on science activities to connect middle-school students to the traditional knowledge of their grandparents and elders. Because girls often lose interest in science at the middle-school level, and because women in some communities (especially in rural areas) are seldom involved in work with an obvious science basis, the…

Carter, Carolyn S.; Keyes, Marian; Kusimo, Patricia S.; Lunsford, Crystal

418

Decision Making in the Reward and Punishment Variants of the Iowa Gambling Task: Evidence of "Foresight" or "Framing"?  

PubMed Central

Surface-level differences in the reward and punishment variants, specifically greater long-term decision making in the punishment variant of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) observed in previous studies led to the present comparison of long-term decision making in the two IGT variants (n?=?320, male?=?160). It was contended that risk aversion triggered by a positive frame of the reward variant and risk seeking triggered by a negative frame of the punishment variant appears as long-term decision making in the two IGT variants. Apart from the frame of the variant as a within-subjects factor (variant type: reward and punishment), the order in which the frame was triggered (order type: reward–punishment or punishment–reward), and the four types of instructions that delineated motivation toward reward from that of punishment (reward, punishment, reward and punishment, and no-hint) were hypothesized to have an effect on foresighted decision making in the IGT. As expected, long-term decision making differed across the two IGT variants suggesting that the frame of the variant has an effect on long-term decision making in the IGT (p?foresight than the commonly used IGT instructions that fail to distinguish between reward and punishment. As observed in previous studies, there were more number of participants (60%) who showed greater foresight in the punishment variant than in the reward variant (p?foresight in IGT decision making is sensitive to reward and punishment frame in an asymmetric manner, an observation that is aligned with the behavioral decision making framework. Benefits of integrating findings from behavioral studies in decision neuroscience are discussed, and a need to investigate cultural differences in the IGT studies is pointed out. PMID:22833714

Singh, Varsha; Khan, Azizuddin

2012-01-01

419

A National contribution to the GEO Science and Technology roadmap: GIIDA Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The GIIDA (Gestione Integrata e Interoperativa dei Dati Ambientali) project is an initiative of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) launched in 2008 as an inter-departmental project, aiming to design and develop a multidisciplinary e-infrastructure (cyber-infrastructure) for the management, processing, and evaluation of Earth and Environmental resources -i.e. data, services, models, sensors, best practices. GIIDA has been contributing to the implementation of the GEO (Group of Earth Observation) Science and Technology (S&T) roadmap by: (a) linking relevant S&T communities to GEOSS (GEO System of Systems); (b) ensuring that GEOSS is built based on state-of-the-art science and technology. GIIDA co-ordinates the CNR's digital infrastructure development for Earth Observation resources sharing and cooperates with other national agencies and existing projects pursuing the same objective. For the CNR, GIIDA provides an interface to European and international interoperability programmes (e.g. INSPIRE, and GMES). It builds a national network for dialogue and resolution of issues at varying scientific and technical levels. To achieve such goals, GIIDA introduced a set of guidance principles: • To shift from a "traditional" data centric approach to a more advanced service-based solution for Earth System Science and Environmental information. • To shift the focus from Data to Information Spatial Infrastructures in order to support decision-making. • To be interoperable with analogous National (e.g. SINAnet, and the INSPIRE National Infrastructure) and international initiatives (e.g. INSPIRE, GMES, SEIS, and GEOSS). • To reinforce the Italian presence in the European and international programmes concerning digital infrastructures, geospatial information, and the Mega-Science approach. • To apply the National and International Information Technology (IT) standards for achieving multi-disciplinary interoperability in the Earth and Space Sciences (e.g. ISO, OGC, CEN, CNIPA) In keeping with GEOSS, GIIDA infrastructure adopts a System of Systems architectural approach in order to federate the existing systems managed by a set of recognized Thematic Areas (i.e. Risks, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Air Quality, Land and Water Quality, Ocean and Marine resources, Joint Research and Public Administration infrastructures). GIIDA system of systems will contribute to develop multidisciplinary teams studying the global Earth systems in order to address the needs coming from the GEO Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs). GIIDA issued a Call For Pilots receiving more than 20 high-level projects which are contributing to the GIIDA system development. A national-wide research environmental infrastructure must be interconnected with analogous digital infrastructures operated by other important stakeholders, such as public users and private companies. In fact, the long-term sustainability of a "System of Systems" requires synergies between all the involved stakeholders' domains: Users, Governance, Capacity provision, and Research. Therefore, in order to increase the effectiveness of the GIIDA contribution process to a national environmental e-infrastructure, collaborations were activated with relevant actors of the other stakeholders' domains at the national level (e.g. ISPRA SINAnet).

Nativi, Stefano; Mazzetti, Paolo; Guzzetti, Fausto; Oggioni, Alessandro; Pirrone, Nicola; Santolieri, Rosalia; Viola, Angelo; Tartari, Gianni; Santoro, Mattia

2010-05-01

420

Nebraska Videodisc Science Laboratory Simulations. Executive Summary (and) Science Lab Videodiscs: Evaluation Report. A Report from the Annenberg/CPB Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore the potential of computer controlled videodiscs for simulating undergraduate science laboratory instruction, the Annenberg/CPB (Corporation for Public Broadcasting) Project funded the University of Nebraska to create and field test six videodisc laboratory experiments, two each in biology, chemistry, and physics. The six discs were…

Davis, Barbara Gross

421

Pre-College Teacher Development in Science Program. For the Continuing Education of Elementary School Teachers in Mathematics and the Natural and Social Sciences. Source Book of Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This source book describes 107 projects administered by the U.S. Department of Education under the Pre-College Teacher Development in Science (PTDS) Program from 1980-82. Under the program, grants of up to $50,000 were made to colleges, universities, and museums to assist them in providing opportunities to elementary teachers for continuing…

Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.

422

A European Project on Materials Science: The Case of Thermal Conductivity Teaching—Learning Sequence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the context of the European Project on Material Science we have developed a Teaching Learning Sequence (TLS), which is composed by units for teaching thermal conductivity in depth to students. The scientific content has been adapted to students' conceptions taking into account research results. Units follow the Predict-Observe-Explain strategy and students conduct guided investigations using an enriched learning environment, which consists of extensive use of ICT based tools. Didactically transformed microscopic models depict thermal interactions in iconic, graphic and symbolic forms. Students working in groups, solve problems, explore models and are engaged in classroom discussion on the problem under study, constructing links between evidence and explanations. In this paper the structure of such innovative units is presented and results showing students' development in scientific understanding are reported.

Molohides, A.; Hatzikraniotis, E.; Kallery, M.; Psillos, D.

2010-01-01

423

The Disk Mass project; science case for a new PMAS IFU module  

E-print Network

We present our Disk Mass project as the main science case for building a new fiber IFU-module for the PMAS spectrograph, currently mounted at the Cassegrain focus of the 3.5m telescope on Calar Alto. Compared to traditional long-slit observations, the large light collecting power of 2-dimensional Integral Field Units dramatically improves the prospects for performing spectroscopy on extended low surface brightness objects with high spectral resolution. This enables us to measure stellar velocity dispersions in the outer disk of normal spiral galaxies. We describe some results from a PMAS pilot study using the existing lenslet array, and provide a basic description of the new fiber IFU-module for PMAS.

Marc Verheijen; Matthew Bershady; David Andersen; Rob Swaters; Kyle Westfall; Andreas Kelz; Martin-Matthias Roth

2003-11-25

424

An in-depth study of a teacher engaged in an innovative primary science trial professional development project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The implementation of effective science programmes in primary schools is of continuing interest and concern for professional developers. As part of the Australian Academy of science's approach to creating an awareness of Primary Investigations, a project team trialed a series of satellite television broadcasts of lessons related to two units of the curriculum for Year 3 and 4 children in 48 participating schools. The professional development project entitled Simply Science, included a focused component for the respective classroom teachers, which was also conducted by satellite. This paper reports the involvement of a Year 4 teacher in the project and describes her professional growth. Already an experienced and confident teacher, no quantitative changes in science teaching self efficacy were detected. However, her pedagogical content knowledge and confidence to teach science in the concept areas of matter and energy were enhanced. Changes in the teacher's views about the co-operative learning strategies espoused by Primary Investigations were also evident. Implications for the design of professional development programmes for primary science teachers are discussed.

Watters, James J.; Ginns, Ian S.

1997-03-01

425

A project of PRBO Conservation Science and CalPIFPocket Guide to Birds of  

E-print Network

PRBO Conservation Science (PRBO) is dedicated to conserving birds, other wildlife and ecosystems through innovative scientific research and outreach. California Partners In Flight (CalPIF) is a voluntary coalition of state and federal agencies and private conservation organizations dedicated to conserving bird populations and their habitats. Together, PRBO and CalPIF ensure that sound science is helping to guide conservation efforts and habitat management. Support bird conservation, join PRBO online at www.prbo.org/join. For more information on CalPIF, visit www.prbo.org/calpif. Contact Us Help support PRBO's mission to conserve birds and their ecosystems through research and outreach. You can join online at www.prbo.org/join. To receive additional copies of this guide, please call (707) 781-2555 x 307. For more information about PRBO’s projects in San Francisc Bay or throughout the West, visit www. prbo.org. Give us your feedback at www.prbo.org/feedback. Copyright © 2008 by

unknown authors

426

An evaluation of the Nigerian Integrated Science Project (NISP) after a decade of use in the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following article is an evaluation study of the Nigerian Integrated Science Project (NISP) which focussed on discovering how successful the project had been, a decade after its initial implementation. A number of instruments, including Teachers' Questionnaire, Assessment, Attitude, and Readability Tests, were employed for collecting data from the teachers involved (N=482) and from a cross-section of the students (N=1,894)

O. J. Jegede

1982-01-01

427

Collaborative processes during report writing of a science learning project: The nature of discourse as a function of task requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to specify how different aspects of task assignments are related to different types of student\\u000a discourse during the report writing phase of a science learning project. A group of four ninth-grade students of the Finnish\\u000a comprehensive school (about 15-year-olds) participated in a project work involving laboratory experiments, reading literature,\\u000a and analysing and reporting research

Maarit Arvaja; Päivi Häkkinen; Anneli Eteläpelto; Helena Rasku-Puttonen

2000-01-01

428

A critical review of the life sciences project management at Ames Research Center for the Spacelab Mission development test 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A management study was initiated by ARC (Ames Research Center) to specify Spacelab Mission Development Test 3 activities and problems. This report documents the problems encountered and provides conclusions and recommendations to project management for current and future ARC life sciences projects. An executive summary of the conclusions and recommendations is provided. The report also addresses broader issues relevant to the conduct of future scientific missions under the constraints imposed by the space environment.

Helmreich, R. L.; Wilhelm, J. M.; Tanner, T. A.; Sieber, J. E.; Burgenbauch, S. F.

1979-01-01

429

The Evolution of Successful Satellite Science to Air Quality Application Projects: From Inception to Realization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teams of scientist have been working for almost a decade with state, local, regional and federal Air Quality regulators and scientists on several projects that have been focused on improving biomass burning emissions within our nation's National Emissions Inventory (NEI). Initially, the NEI was based strictly on ground-based information that often used data aggregated from previous years reported at the county-centroid and completely ignored the spatial domain of all fires. This methodology resulted in gross inaccuracies; however it was an ingrained system and the users and organizations were largely comfortable. Improvements were viewed as too costly. Our task was to convince regulators, managers and users of the value that could be added by using satellite data to enhance the NEI. Certainly, there were individuals that understood the value of using satellite data, but they needed support to convince the establishment of the intrinsic, cost-effective value of publically-available satellite data. It was essential to present arguments, as well as requested verification and validation statistics, in the format that most suited the objectives of application organizations. This process incorporated: knowledge of state-of-the-art satellite data, algorithms and science; a working knowledge of the users applications and requirements; interacting with individuals with a variety of skill sets and goals; and perhaps most importantly, listening to the goals and responsibilities of the user community and fully communicating. Today, the Environmental Protection Agency and several state and regional organizations are using satellite data to estimate biomass burnings emissions at daily and annual scales for a number of critical environmental management and policy activities including regulation setting and regional strategy development for attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). We continue to work at the local, state and federal levels to improve the biomass burning portion of our nation's NEI at the crossroads of the applications 'largest cost-effective unknowns and uncertainties' and the 'best-available science and data'. Here, we will present a diagram tree of the completed evolution of a successful project, which includes the basic science on which this development is based and the succession of the use of satellite data within the applications and user communities.

Soja, A. J.

2012-12-01

430

Reframing the multilevel triple helix in a regional innovation system: a case of systemic foresight and regimes in renewal of Skåne's food industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most findings on the triple helix system derive from studies based on high-tech sectors, and seldom so on traditional industries. A foresight exercise aimed at renewal of the mature food industry in the Skåne region in southern Sweden was conducted in 2006–2007. The findings suggest that a multilevel triple helix policy ought to be used in a systemic way from

Carl-Otto Frykfors; Håkan Jönsson

2010-01-01

431

Paper for the International Conference: Foresight Management in Corporations and Public Organisations New Visions for Sustainability, Helsinki, June 9-10, 2005  

E-print Network

Organisations ­ New Visions for Sustainability, Helsinki, June 9-10, 2005 Sustainability requirements Roskilde, Denmark Abstract Sustainability is a challenge facing all actors and organisations in the present sustainability. The critique e.g. argues that foresight is not sufficiently problem-oriented and not integrated

432

Etherospermia: Conceptual art, science and allegory in the sky-seeding project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the practice of the artist/researcher Ioannis Michaloudis. It showcases his use of a space technology nanomaterial, silica aerogel, and its potential in the cultural utilization of space. Since 2001, his projects have centered around the esthetic, sculptural and conceptual use of silica aerogel. For Michaloudis, this material is highly allegorical of what he terms ‘our breaking sky'. For the authors, the step towards space is a real ‘bridge moment', analogous to the evolutionary progression of organisms from water to earth. In this current era of space exploration, it is clear that humans need to develop new organs and survival skills - or, cultivate new skies in response to the breaking of our atmosphere's dome. It is also clear that science and art need to collaborate more productively. To this end, it is argued that allegory provides the link between imaginability, experiment and representation in both scientific and artistic practices. Etherospermia (????????????) is an invented word from ether and panspermia. The Etherospermia project pursues, allegorically, the creation of new atmospheres on other planets, in order to draw attention to the degradation and destruction of the earth's protective veil. Imagine an astronaut who, during a space walk, scatters fragments of Michaloudis' silica aerogel as seed material to alter the atmospheres of other planets, making them habitable. The paper discusses nine artworks as a way of presenting the conceptual core of the etherospermia allegory.

Michaloudis, Ioannis; Seats, Michael

2014-11-01

433

75 FR 60091 - Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory Personnel Management Demonstration Project...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Laboratory Personnel Management Demonstration Project, Department of the...implement a personnel management demonstration project; correction...employees to a personnel management demonstration project before the end of...

2010-09-29

434

CS 117: Introduction to Computer Science Winter 2006 Handout 10: Final Project (Due: Wednesday, 15 March 2006, 5:00p) 27 February 2006  

E-print Network

CS 117: Introduction to Computer Science Winter 2006 Handout 10: Final Project (Due: Wednesday, 15 of the project, but you are all expected to do your fair share. I will expect projects done in a partnership. 1937) The Assignment The project can be done individually or in a partnership of your choice. Unlike

Liben-Nowell, David

435

Swansea Science Summer School Swansea Science Summer School (S4) is a Welsh Government funded project offering  

E-print Network

of global warming Bioscience � Animal adaptations, animal movement and tracking Sign up for a `week Computer science � Robotics using LEGO Mindstorms Geography � Myth-busting climate change and the science with hands-on experiments and the `media myths' will be dispelled. Location: Campus Available in Welsh

Harman, Neal.A.

436

Radio Frequency Interference: Projects and Activities Developed for the High School Earth Science, Astronomy, and Physics Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio Frequency Interference: Projects and Activities Developed for the High School Earth Science, Astronomy, and Physics Classroom Susan Dunn Tewksbury Memorial High School Jason Brown Tyngsboro High School Preethi Pratap MIT Haystack Observatory The Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) program, funded by the NSF, brings teachers into research environments to interact with scientists and translate the experience into the classroom.

S. K. Dunn; J. Brown

2003-01-01

437

Evaluation of an Interdisciplinary Studio Experience To Teach Architecture and Construction Science Students the Design-build Project Delivery Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interdisciplinary studio project involved architecture and construction students. Evaluation of the integrated studio experience found that it gave students an accurate picture of professional practice. Architecture students were made more aware of building materials, construction technology, and cost; construction science students better…

Graham, Charles W.; Geva, Anat

2001-01-01

438

rAvis: An R-Package for Downloading Information Stored in Proyecto AVIS, a Citizen Science Bird Project  

PubMed Central

Citizen science projects store an enormous amount of information about species distribution, diversity and characteristics. Researchers are now beginning to make use of this rich collection of data. However, access to these databases is not always straightforward. Apart from the largest and international projects, citizen science repositories often lack specific Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to connect them to the scientific environments. Thus, it is necessary to develop simple routines to allow researchers to take advantage of the information collected by smaller citizen science projects, for instance, programming specific packages to connect them to popular scientific environments (like R). Here, we present rAvis, an R-package to connect R-users with Proyecto AVIS (http://proyectoavis.com), a Spanish citizen science project with more than 82,000 bird observation records. We develop several functions to explore the database, to plot the geographic distribution of the species occurrences, and to generate personal queries to the database about species occurrences (number of individuals, distribution, etc.) and birdwatcher observations (number of species recorded by each collaborator, UTMs visited, etc.). This new R-package will allow scientists to access this database and to exploit the information generated by Spanish birdwatchers over the last 40 years. PMID:24626233

Varela, Sara; Gonzalez-Hernandez, Javier; Casabella, Eduardo; Barrientos, Rafael

2014-01-01

439

E-Learning in Science and Technology via a Common Learning Platform in a Lifelong Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This three-year Virtual Measurements Environment curriculum development project for higher education within the Lifelong Learning Programme of the European Union is the result of intense collaboration among four institutions, teaching applied sciences and technology. It aims to apply the principles and possibilities of evolved distance and…

Priem, Freddy; De Craemer, Renaat; Calu, Johan; Pedreschi, Fran; Zimmer, Thomas; Saighi, Sylvain; Lilja, Jarmo

2011-01-01

440

How Much Carbon Is in the Forest? A Project-Based Science Investigation of Trees' Role in Offsetting Global Warming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the start of an integrated Algebra I and Environmental Science class, students were presented with the following challenge: "How much carbon is stored in the Normanskill Preserve?" They were told they had one month to investigate and present their results, and asked, "What do you need to begin?" This hook served to introduce the next project in…

Penniman, Leah

2011-01-01

441

Global Online Science Labs for Inquiry Learning at School Collaborative Project in European Union's Seventh Framework Programme  

E-print Network

Go-Lab Global Online Science Labs for Inquiry Learning at School Collaborative Project in European of Participatory Activities Editor Claudio Dondi (MENON) Date January 2013 Dissemination Level Public Status Final © 2013, Go-Lab consortium #12;Go-Lab D6.1 Specifications of Participatory Activities Go-Lab 317601 Page 2

Boyer, Edmond

442

The development of a framework for the assessment of process skills in a Graded Assessments in Science Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a framework for the assessment of process skills in the context of a Graded Assessments in Science Project (gasp) for students of all abilities in the 11?16 age range. The philosophy behind the original framework is discussed together with subsequent modifications as a result of trials which led to its final format.

J. R. L. Swain

1989-01-01

443

Fostering Learner Autonomy in English for Science: A Collaborative Digital Video Project in a Technological Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the syllabus design and implementation of an English for Science and Technology (EST) course at an English-medium university in Hong Kong. The course combined elements of project-based learning and a "pedagogy for multiliteracies" (New London Group, 1996) to produce a strong learner autonomy focus. A major component of the…

Hafner, Christoph A.; Miller, Lindsay

2011-01-01

444

Zinc deficiency as a practical problem in plant and human nutrition in Turkey: A NATO-science for stability project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zinc (Zn) deficiency is a critical nutritional problem for plants and humans in Turkey. About 14Mha of cropped land in Turkey are known to be Zn deficient, particularly cereal growing areas of Anatolia. In 1993, a joint research project was started in Turkey with the financial support of the NATO-Science for Stability Programme to select and characterize cereal genotypes with

I. Cakmak; M. Kalayc?; H. Ekiz; H. J. Braun; Y. K?l?nç; A. Y?lmaz

1999-01-01

445

The Examining Your Environment through the Power of Data Project (EYE-POD) Project at NAU: Professional Development for Secondary Education Teachers Using Earth Sciences and GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EYE-POD project at Northern Arizona University is an NSF-ITEST-funded professional development program for secondary science (SS) and career technical education (CTE) teachers. The program recruited SS-CTE teacher pairs from Arizona and the surrounding region to participate in two-week workshops during Summer, 2010, and an advanced workshop ins Summer, 2011. The workshops are led by a team with distinct expertise

J. C. Sample; L. Rubino-Hare; J. Claesgens; K. Fredrickson; M. Manone; M. White

2010-01-01

446

Science K-12, Conservation of Energy. Utica City School District Articulated Curriculum: Project SEARCH, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two-column objectives are listed for an integrated science curriculum (Grades K-12), often subheaded according to science area (physical sciences, physics, biology, chemistry, general science) and grade level. Objectives that relate characteristics and forms of energy to energy conservation are stressed in the primary grades (K-6). In grade 7, the…

Utica City School District, NY.

447

[National Natural Science Foundation of China promotes the development of Chinese medicine in China--an analysis of Chinese medicine project funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China in the last decade].  

PubMed

In recent years, projects funded by the Division V III of Health Sciences of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) increased steadily, which enhanced the process of modernization of Chinese medicine (CM). We analyzed CM projects funded by NSFC during 2003 -2012, which aimed to provide reference to experts in the CM field. PMID:24483120

Liu, Yun-fang; Han, Li-wei; Shang, Hong-cai; Bi, Ming-gang; Wang, Chang-en; Dong, Er-dan

2013-11-01

448

Recruiting and Retaining Students in Family and Consumer Sciences Education: El Puente Para El Futuro (The Bridge to the Future) Mentoring Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

El Puente Para El Futuro (The Bridge to the Future) mentoring project was undertaken to meet the need for family and consumer sciences (FCS) teachers. The centerpiece of the project was one-on-one mentoring relationships between family and consumer sciences education (FCSE) mentor students from New Mexico State University and mentee students from the Education Program at Dona Ana Branch Community

Wanda A. Eastman; Merrilyn N. Cummings; Garlene Petersen; Dawn VanLeeuwen

2006-01-01

449

Donor?funded information technology transfer projects: Evaluating the life?cycle approach in four Chinese science and technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) forms an increasingly important component of donor?funded development projects, yet there has been very little structured analysis of the IT transfer process. This paper presents and evaluates a structured framework for analysis of IT transfer ? the information technology transfer life?cycle ? based on a study of four Chinese technology projects. The life?cycle framework helps to structure

Erik Baark; Richard Heeks

1999-01-01

450

Sandwich Student Placements at the Science and Technology Facilities Council Project Title: Developing Collaborative Business Models and Design and Implementation of Marketing  

E-print Network

research organisations supporting scientists and engineers world-wide. We operate world-class, large scaleSandwich Student Placements at the Science and Technology Facilities Council Project Title Science and Innovation Campus and the Science and Innovation Resource Centre (CEO2) Location: Daresbury

451

ABSTRACT Project Camelot, a military-sponsored, social science study of revolution, was cancelled in 1965 amidst international and national discussion about the study's  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Project Camelot, a military-sponsored, social science study of revolution, was cancelled politics, military patronage, and American social science. This paper argues that following Camelot. In contrast, my analysis ­ which discusses post-WWII military patronage for the social sciences, Camelot

Solovey, Mark

452

The TRUST Project: A Formal-Informal Teacher Education Partnership for the Promotion of Earth Science Teacher Certification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) in partnership with Lehman and Brooklyn Colleges of the City University of New York (CUNY) has initiated The Teacher Renewal for Urban Science Teaching (TRUST) project. TRUST combines informal and formal teacher education in a four-year initiative to enhance professional development and masters of science education programs, grades K-8 at Brooklyn College and 7-12 at Lehman College. This NSF-funded partnership brings together the resources of AMNH, CUNY, New York City school districts, New York City Department of Education-Museum Partnerships, and the expertise of scientists and teachers with research experiences. Following an initial planning year, TRUST will recruit and sustain 90 teachers over a period of 3 years as well as engage 30 school administrators in support of Earth science instruction. Program components include two new formal Earth systems science courses, intensive informal summer institutes, and a lecture and workshop series during which participants gain new Earth science content knowledge, develop action plans, and present their work on the local and national level. In addition, participants have access to ongoing resource and material support to enhance their learning and instruction. Continuous documentation and data collection by project investigators are being used to address questions regarding the impact various aspects of the TRUST participant experience on classroom instruction and learning, the acquisition of scientific knowledge in the new courses and institutes, and to examine the nature of the Museum experience in meeting certification goals. External formative and summative evaluation of the project is addressing issues surrounding the value of the program as a model for formal-informal partnership in urban Earth science teacher education and certification, analysis of policies that facilitate partnership arrangements, and how socialization of novices with experts affects retention and renewal. Details of the program's structure and preliminary results from the first two years will be presented.

Sloan, H.; Miele, E.; Powell, W.; MacDonald, M.

2004-12-01

453

A Guide to Computer Use by the Science Teacher. A Curriculum Development Project of the Project To Increase Mastery of Mathematics and Science (PIMMS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explains ways in which the computer can be used in the science classroom and laboratory. Further, it suggests many resources that can be tapped to help teachers initiate and improve their own programs. Chapters include: (1) "The Computer as a Tool for Student Inquiry"; (2) "The Computer as a Tool for Teachers"; (3) "The Computer as an…

Guertin, Arthur; And Others

454

APS Presents Awards for the Best Physiology Project at Local Summer Science Camp  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article is on page 174-175 of The Physiologist, October 2012. APS members continue to judge and present Science Fair Awards on behalf of the APS at local and regional science fairs for precollege students across the nation.

APS Education Office (American Physiological Society Education Office)

2012-10-01

455

Stories from the Jade Project Sharing a passion for science and engineering with  

E-print Network

, School of Computing Science, Simon Fraser University, Catherine Levinson, CSIS, Langara College, Margaret Webster, Hagit Schechter, Department of Computer Science, UBC Go West: Jade Bursary for Girls, Daniel Beck

Condon, Anne

456

NSF/Tokyo Report: Nedo's Industrial Science and Technology Research and Development Projects for FY 1998  

NSF Publications Database

... and Technology Research and Development Projects for FY1998 The New Energy and Industrial Technology ... Genome Informatics Technology Development (2) The Frontier Carbon Technology Project Application ...

457

Research.gov is NSF's New Home for Project Reporting In early 2013, the National Science Foundation (NSF) will completely transfer all project reporting from FastLane to  

E-print Network

Research.gov is NSF's New Home for Project Reporting In early 2013, the National Science Foundation (NSF) will completely transfer all project reporting from FastLane to Research.gov. This means that Principal Investigators (PIs) and Co-PIs will use Research.gov to meet all NSF project reporting

Loudon, Catherine

458

The Examining Your Environment through the Power of Data Project (EYE-POD) Project at NAU: Professional Development for Secondary Education Teachers Using Earth Sciences and GIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EYE-POD project at Northern Arizona University is an NSF-ITEST-funded professional development program for secondary science (SS) and career technical education (CTE) teachers. The program recruited SS-CTE teacher pairs from Arizona and the surrounding region to participate in two-week workshops during Summer, 2010, and an advanced workshop ins Summer, 2011. The workshops are led by a team with distinct expertise in science content, professional development and pedagogy, GIS, and project evaluation. Learning modules and a workshop agenda are developed using the Legacy Cycle of learning. Rather than compartmentalize pedagogical, content, and GIS learning activities, they have been combined throughout the workshop timeline. Early activities focus on learning of climate and weather processes through GIS modules provided by ESRI-“Mapping our World” and “Analyzing our World”. Participants learn the technical aspects of GIS software while investigating real phenomena. The science/GIS learning activities are augmented by laboratory demonstrations and field data collection using Labquest handheld field measurement systems with a variety of probes. At the end of the first week teacher-participants presented the solution to a problem, using GIS-based climate and weather data, involving travel to various locations on Earth. The second week focused on classroom, lab, and field activities devoted to recommendations to the City of Flagstaff for development in the Rio de Flag floodplain. Teacher-participant groups presented solutions making claims and recommendations supported by evidence from georeferenced field data and other GIS data acquired from various sources. At the close of the workshop teachers were provided with GIS software, hardware for field data collection, and several reference materials to aid in curriculum development. They have been tasked with implementing two GIS-based Earth science content modules in their schools, to one science class and one CTE class. One module must involve a field-based problem at their school site. The EYE-POD team will provide support to each school team through site visits and phone consultation. As part of the project, data on learning efficacy is being collected by an independent evaluator and analyzed by a science education faculty member (summarized in companion paper by Claesgens, et al.).

Sample, J. C.; Rubino-Hare, L.; Claesgens, J.; Fredrickson, K.; Manone, M.; White, M.

2010-12-01

459

Learning Science through the Conception of Comics: the SARABANDES Research Project  

E-print Network

media (theatre, movies, comics, etc.) for a more motivating science education and communication. Most-time workshop (named Comics'n Sciences workshop). In this workshop a scientist (PhD student) is invited the cognitive and motivational impacts of the Comics'n Science workshop on the TSC involved. Here, the "mediatic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Proposal to develop guides for high school teachers on Global Systems Science. [Final project report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lawrence Hall of Science requests funding for development of trial versions of five guides for high school teachers on the topic of Global Systems Science. The guides will reflect the guided-discovery approach for which the Lawrence Hall of Science has gained an international reputation. They will include a wealth of materials already developed as well as new materials, organized

C. I. Sneider; R. Golden

1993-01-01

461

Proposal to develop guides for high school teachers on Global Systems Science. Final project report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lawrence Hall of Science requests funding for development of trial versions of five guides for high school teachers on the topic of Global Systems Science. The guides will reflect the guided-discovery approach for which the Lawrence Hall of Science has gained an international reputation. They will include a wealth of materials already developed as well as new materials, organized

C. I. Sneider; R. Golden

1993-01-01

462

A Study of Science Education Projects in the United States - NASA Explorer School's Initiative to Promote Interest in Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 25 years, many reports have pointed out the necessity of reformation and improvement in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education in the United States. STEM education is essential to maintain competitiveness in the highly technological and knowledge-based society of today. NASA Explorer Schools (NES) is a program that promotes and supports STEM education. NES is a

Shusuke Toda; Takahiro Kato; Haruo Kurokami

463

Language Development through Holistic Learning--Mathematics, Art, Science, Technology, and Education Resources (Project MASTER) 1989-90. OREA Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation was done of New York City Board of Education's Project Language Development through Holistic Learning--Mathematics, Art, Science, Technology, and Education Resources (Project MASTER). The project offered instruction to 344 low-income, Spanish-speaking students of limited English proficiency in grades 3 to 5 at 5 elementary schools in…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment.

464

Project ALERT: Three Years Of A Catalytic Partnership For Improving Pre-Service Teacher Education In Earth System Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last three years, a California-based partnership for improving earth science education and outreach has grown between ten California State University (CSU) campuses, and two NASA centers in California, Ames Research Center (ARC), and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). This partnership, Project ALERT (Augmented Learning Environment and Renewable Teaching) has had as its main goal the improvement of earth system science education for pre-service teachers, with particular focus on urban northern and southern California regions. Objectives associated with this goal have included evaluating and using existing NASA earth system science educational materials, creating new materials as needed, and linking CSU earth science and science education professors with NASA earth scientists and outreach and technology specialists through cooperative research and education projects. Strategies to develop the regional partnership include providing summer faculty fellowships at JPL and ARC for CSU professors and NASA scientists and outreach and education specialists, with supplementary funding for CSU professors and workshops involving CSU and NASA center personnel during the academic year. Highlights of the last three years of ALERT include: (1) the formation of new, "spin-off" projects that address curriculum reform and in-service teacher education in the earth system sciences, or digital library issues, (2) creation of a shared web site and resources for university-level introductory earth system science instruction (http://projectalert.nasa.gov), (3) evaluation and, in some instances, improvement of existing NASA-generated instructional materials, (4) intensified interest on the part of CSU faculty in education issues, leading to policy roles on respective CSU campuses, (5) modification and/or creation of more than six courses specifically incorporating earth system science into pre-service teacher education, and, (6) heightened awareness of educational and digital library issues on California NASA campuses. As the ALERT partnership continues to evolve, powerful lessons concerning the cumulative effects of forming state-based educational partnerships continue to be learned. These lessons will be shared in this presentation, as well as the potential pitfalls to partnership growth and sustainability.

Ambos, E. L.; Ng, E. W.; Metzger, E. P.; Skiles, J. W.; Simila, G.; Garfield, N.

2001-12-01

465

USE OF ON-LINE RESOURCES BY TEACHERS OF SCIENCE: AN ANALYSIS OF SOCCI MARKET RESEARCH PROJECT DATA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the findings of the Schools On-line Curriculum Content Initiative (SOCCI) market research project conducted in 2001 concerning the use of on-line technology by science teachers. Specifically the study sought to define the patterns of usage, teaching and learning strategies, and conditions that favoured or inhibited the use of on-line technology. Qualitative data were drawn from classroom

James J Watters

2002-01-01

466

Girls and physical science: the impact of a scheme of intervention projects on girls' attitudes to physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The situation in Ireland in relation to the numbers of girls studying physics and chemistry is reviewed. A scheme of intervention projects to reduce the under?representation of girls in the physical sciences is described. The measured attitudes of students based on a Likert?type scale is also reported. The effects of a number of factors on those attitudes were investigated.Students in

J. OBrien; G. C. Porter

1994-01-01

467

DEVELOPMENT OF SUPERCONDUCTING SINGLE-CELL CAVITY FOR A PROTON LINAC IN THE NEUTRON SCIENCE PROJECT AT JAERI  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Superconducting(SC) cavity development has been carried out since 1995 as a main option of high energy portion from 0.1 to 1.5GeV for an 8MW proton linear accelerator in the Neutron Science Project (NSP) at JAERI. A construction of test stand, a design work of cavity shape and fabrication of single-cell cavities were made in collaboration with KEK. Recently, a

N. Ak; Y. Ho; J. Ku

468

NOAA-ISRO joint science projects on Earth observation system science, technology, and applications for societal benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

India and the United States of America (U.S.A.) held a joint conference from June 21-25, 2004 in Bangalore, India to strengthen and expand cooperation in the area of space science, applications, and commerce. Following the recommendations in the joint vision statement released at the end of the conference, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Indian Space and

A. Powell; V. Jayarman; S. Kondragunta; F. Kogan; R. Kuligowski; E. Maturi

2006-01-01

469

SECONDARY EDUCATION THROUGH HEALTH— ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CURRICULUM: A SUPERFUND SCIENCE LITERACY OUTREACH PROJECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inner-city high school students are disproportionately affected by health problems that stem from environmental conditions. Also, they are not adequately prepared in Science—especially in the concepts, methods, and procedures of environmental-health science research—and are generally unaware of the career opportunities in this field. A Superfund program was developed to increase Science literacy and expand career knowledge in environmental health among

L. R. Sherman; Mount Sinai

470

Identifying the type and appropriateness of the evaluations of selected agriculturally related science and technology-based USAID projects conducted between 1985 and 1995  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review of the literature indicated that baseline data that described how and what were being evaluated at the project level by agencies involved in third world development had not been published. This was a descriptive study using content analysis of the available evaluative reports for the USAID projects involved with the transfer of agriculturally-related technology identified in the National Science Foundation research project, Assessing the Literature on the Benefits of External Science and Technology Aid Assistance to Developing Countries (Pytlik, Vasudevan, Bayles & Spitznogle, 1997). The research concludes that impact evaluations were not being conducted at the project level. While over 60% of the projects were evaluated, socioeconomic impacts were included in less than 50% of these projects. The most frequent socioeconomic impacts reported were project sustainability and gender equity. Socioeconomic impacts that were infrequently reported were: who benefits, who does not benefit, target group participation, environmental effects, and the impact of the project on the nutritional status of a household.

Bayles, Allen E.

471

Scientific/Technical Report Science Literacy Project Award number-DE-FG02-06ER64286  

SciTech Connect

Ball State University (BSU) was the recipient of a U.S. Department of Energy award to develop educational games teaching science and math. The Science Media Program will merge Ball State University’s nationally recognized capabilities in education, technology, and communication to develop new, interactive, game-based media for the teaching and learning of science and scientific principles for K-12 students. BSU established a team of educators, researchers, scientists, animators, designers, technology specialists, and hired a professional media developer company (Outside Source Design) from Indianapolis. After six months discussions and assessments the project team selected the following 8 games in Math, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, 2 from each discipline. The assembled teams were innovative and unique. This new model of development and production included a process that integrated all needed knowledge and expertise for the development of high quality science and math games for K-12 students. This new model has potential to be used by others for the development of the educational games. The uniqueness of the model is to integrate domain experts’ knowledge with researchers/quality control group, and combine a professional development team from the game development company with the academic game development team from Computer Science and Art departments at Ball State University. The developed games went through feasibility tests with selected students for improvement before use in the research activities.

Nasseh, Bizhan

2011-02-28

472

Building a Project Methodology to Provide Authentic and Appropriate Experiences in Computational Science for Middle and High School Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Shodor, a national resource for computational science education, has successfully developed a model for middle and high school students to gain authentic and appropriate experiences in computational science. As we prepare students for the 21st century workforce, three of the most important skills for advancing modern mathematics and science are quantitative reasoning, computational thinking, and multi-scale modeling. Shodor's Computing MATTERS: Pathways to Cyberinfrastructure program, funded in part by the National Science Foundation Cyberinfrastructure Training, Education, Advancement, and Mentoring (CI-TEAM) program, provides opportunities for middle and high school students to explore all three of these areas. One of the wide range of programs offered through Computing MATTERS is the SUCCEED Apprenticeship Program. The overall goal of the SUCCEED Apprenticeship Program is to provide students with authentic and appropriate experiences in the use of technologies, techniques and tools of Information Technology (IT) with a particular focus on computational science and to produce evidence that students become proficient in these IT technologies, techniques and skills. The program combines appropriate structure (classroom-style training and project-based work experience) with meaningful work content, giving students a wide variety of technical and communication skills. The program uses innovative approaches to get students excited about computational science and enables students to grow from excitement to expertise in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Since its beginning in 2005, the SUCCEED Apprenticeship Program has proven to be a successful model for enabling middle and high school students of both genders and of ethnically and economically diverse backgrounds to gain proficiency in STEM while learning, experiencing, and using information technologies.

Houchins, Jennifer; Jacobs, Patricia

473

[Applications and approved projects on traditional Chinese medicine in National Natural Science Foundation of China in 2010].  

PubMed

In this article, the authors firstly summarized the number of applications submitted to and projects supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) in the field of traditional Chinese medicine research in 2010. Then they described the district distribution, research direction layout and allotment of the approved projects in the three primary disciplines (traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese materia medica and integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine) and their 43 subdisciplines. The targeting suggestions for improvement were given respectively by concluding the reason of disapproved projects from the point of view of applicants and supporting institution, and by stating the common problems existing in the review process from the perspectives of fund managers and evaluation experts. Lastly, the major funding fields in the near future were predicted in the hope of providing guidance for applicants. PMID:22015182

Shang, Hong-cai; Huang, Jin-ling; Han, Li-wei; Pei, Ling-peng; Guo, Lin; Lin, Na; Wang, Chang-en

2011-10-01

474

Exploring the role of national culture in the management of large-scale international science projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaborative projects extending across national boundaries introduce their own set of project management challenges. These challenges begin when individuals from different organizations, from different countries, and from different value systems must share authority, responsibility, and decision-making. But national culture and its influence on the project management process have received little emphasis in the literature. Using evidence from two case studies,

Barry Shore; Benjamin J. Cross

2005-01-01

475

New Ways of Science Teaching: The Active and Professional Support Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indonesian primary school children are taught to memorize science facts and learn only routine skills. School science lessons focus on low-order thinking as required on the frequent district formative tests and a national year six examination. Because of this emphasis on testing, students show little interest in asking questions about everyday…

Yulaelawati, Ella

476

Curriculum Development Projects of the Sixties. R&D Interpretation Service Bulletin. Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reform movement in science education as characterized by the development of new science curricula in the 1960s is analyzed in this information bulletin. An overview of the historical context and the financial extent of the movement is presented. Perspectives on the curricula are offered in a question format. The questions include: (1) what did…

Sealey, Jean

477

Fostering Preservice Teacher Identity in Science through a Student-Selected Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The course studied in this article is a result of a multi-campus effort to provide instruction in science content to pre-elementary education majors in ways that are appropriate to their needs as persons and as future K-8 science educators. The authors focused on The Chemical World, a four-credit hour course. The authors observed student…

Wink, Donald J.; Ellefson, Julie; Nishimura, Marlynne; Perry, Dana; Wenzel, Stacy; Choe, Jeong-Hye Hwang

2008-01-01

478

Results of the Salish Projects: Summary and Implications for Science Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science teaching and teacher education in the U.S.A. have been of great national interest recently due to a severe shortage of science (and mathematics) teachers who do not hold strong qualifications in their fields of study. Unfortunately we lack a rigorous research base that helps inform solid practices about various models or elements of…

Yager, Robert E.; Simmons, Patricia

2013-01-01

479

Scientist-teacher collaboration: Integration of real data from a coastal wetland into a high school life science ecology-based research project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Project G.R.O.W. is an ecology-based research project developed for high school biology students. The curriculum was designed based on how students learn and awareness of the nature of science and scientific practices so that students would design and carry out scientific investigations using real data from a local coastal wetland. This was a scientist-teacher collaboration between a CSULB biologist and high school biology teacher. Prior to implementing the three-week research project, students had multiple opportunities to practice building requisite skills via 55 lessons focusing on the nature of science, scientific practices, technology, Common Core State Standards of reading, writing, listening and speaking, and Next Generation Science Standards. Project G.R.O.W. culminated with student generated research papers and oral presentations. Outcomes reveal students struggle with constructing explanations and the use of Excel to create meaningful graphs. They showed gains in data organization, analysis, teamwork and aspects of the nature of science.

Hagan, Wendy L.

480

NSF, MU chemistry program combines science with current news  

E-print Network

science centers & arts science departments & arts science people & arts science projects & arts science site last updated August 2004 copyright Project Home . . . College of Arts and Science . . . University of Arts and Science Research Communication Project story Page 2 of 2http

Glaser, Rainer