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1

BEST: Bilingual environmental science training: Kindergarten level.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This booklet is one of a series of bilingual guides to environmental-science learning activities for students to do at home. Lesson objectives, materials required, procedure, vocabulary, and subjects integrated into the lesson are described in English for...

1996-01-01

2

Kindergarten Students' Explanations during Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines kindergarten students' explanations during science learning. The data on children's explanations are drawn from videotaped and transcribed discourse collected from four public kindergarten science classrooms engaged in a life science inquiry unit on the life cycle of the monarch butterfly. The inquiry unit was implemented as…

Harris, Karleah

2010-01-01

3

Kindergarten students' explanations during science learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines kindergarten students' explanations during science learning. The data on children's explanations are drawn from videotaped and transcribed discourse collected from four public kindergarten science classrooms engaged in a life science inquiry unit on the life cycle of the monarch butterfly. The inquiry unit was implemented as part of a larger intervention conducted as part of the Scientific

Karleah Harris

2010-01-01

4

CURRICULUM GUIDE FOR SCIENCE, KINDERGARTEN - PRIMARY 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

COURSE CONTENT, ACTIVITIES, AND REFERENCE INFORMATION FOR TEACHING SCIENCE IN KINDERGARTEN AND GRADE 1 ARE INCLUDED IN THIS VOLUME. INTRODUCTORY REMARKS INCLUDE AN APPROACH TO TEACHING SCIENCE AND THE GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THE SCIENCE PROGRAM. FIVE UNITS OF STUDY ARE PRESENTED FOR KINDERGARTEN--(1) GETTING ACQUAINTED WITH ANIMALS, (2) DISCOVERING…

GRAHAM, KATHRYN A.; AND OTHERS

5

Kindergarten Teachers' Professional Training and Their Social Status in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes kindergarten teachers' professional training and their social status in Korea. It includes discussions of the historical development of Korea's kindergarten teacher training system and pedagogical methods, the unequal social status of kindergarten teachers, and the implementation of innovative pedagogical practices modeled…

Lee, Guang-Lea; Myers, Donald A.; Kim, Kyoung Jin

2009-01-01

6

Kindergarten students' cognitive engagement in science learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study is based on a secondary analysis of data from the 3rd year of the Scientific Literacy Project (SLP), a federally funded research project that examines how kindergarten students learn science in inquiry settings (Mantzicopoulos, Patrick, & Samarapungavan, 2005). Videotapes of classroom lessons implemented as part of the Year 3 intervention were analyzed to identify kindergarten students' patterns of cognitive engagement during inquiry-based science learning, as well as to identify patterns of teacher discourse that promoted students' cognitive engagement. The data for the current study were drawn from videotapes and transcriptions of classroom discourse in 3 intervention classrooms that participated in the SLP. Three teachers and 55 kindergarten students participated in the study. Twelve categories of kindergarten students' cognitive engagement and eleven categories of teacher discourse were identified. The initial 12 student and 11 teacher discourse categories were further grouped into two superordinate categories (Higher Order and Basic) respectively. Chi Square analyses indicated that there was a statistically significant association between student and teacher superordinate discourse (alpha = .05). MANOVA analyses indicated that there was no significant difference on overall rates of kindergarten students' cognitive engagement by class (alpha = .05).

Tsai, Meng-Fang

7

Kindergarten Students' Cognitive Engagement in Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study is based on a secondary analysis of data from the 3rd year of the Scientific Literacy Project (SLP), a federally funded research project that examines how kindergarten students learn science in inquiry settings (Mantzicopoulos, Patrick, & Samarapungavan, 2005). Videotapes of classroom lessons implemented as part of the Year 3…

Tsai, Meng-Fang

2011-01-01

8

Kindergarten students' explanations during science learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study examines kindergarten students' explanations during science learning. The data on children's explanations are drawn from videotaped and transcribed discourse collected from four public kindergarten science classrooms engaged in a life science inquiry unit on the life cycle of the monarch butterfly. The inquiry unit was implemented as part of a larger intervention conducted as part of the Scientific Literacy Project or SLP (Mantzicopoulos, Patrick & Samarapungavan, 2005). The children's explanation data were coded and analyzed using quantitative content analysis procedures. The coding procedures involved initial "top down" explanation categories derived from the existing theoretical and empirical literature on scientific explanation and the nature of students' explanations, followed by an inductive or "bottom up" analysis, that evaluated and refined the categorization scheme as needed. The analyses provide important descriptive data on the nature and frequency of children's explanations generated in classroom discourse during the inquiry unit. The study also examines how teacher discourse strategies during classroom science discourse are related to children's explanations. Teacher discourse strategies were coded and analyzed following the same procedures as the children's explanations as noted above. The results suggest that, a) kindergarten students have the capability of generating a variety of explanations during inquiry-based science learning; b) teachers use a variety of classroom discourse strategies to support children's explanations during inquiry-based science learning; and c) The conceptual discourse (e.g., asking for or modeling explanations, asking for clarifications) to non-conceptual discourse (e.g., classroom management discourse) is related to the ratio of explanatory to non-explanatory discourse produced by children during inquiry-based science learning.

Harris, Karleah

9

The Kindergarten Intervention Program: Development of an Early Mental Health Program Using Trained Volunteers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Kindergarten Intervention Program in Los Angeles, a model for recruiting, training, and supervising volunteers to help kindergarten students with special needs. Provides specific steps for initiating an early intervention mental health program using trained volunteers. (TE)

Munn, Janelle; And Others

1989-01-01

10

Perceptual training of height and brightness seriation in kindergarten children.  

PubMed

A study of seriation was conducted from the perspective of Gibson's theory of perceptual development. Kindergarten children who evidenced little seriation of height or brightness were assigned to either 1 of 3 perceptual training conditions or to a fourth, control condition. Training consisted of nonreinforced same-different judgments to wooden dowels varying in height, or in brightness, or simultaneously in height and brightness. The theoretical rationale for this training was that it would facilitate perception of the stimulus dimension(s) on which the dowels differed. It was found that perceptual training did facilitate seriation, particularly if both the height and brightness dimensions varied simultaneously in training. PMID:1201663

Timmons, S A; Smothergill, D W

1975-12-01

11

What Kindergarten Students Learn in Inquiry-Based Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how participation in an inquiry-based science program impacts kindergarten students' science learning and motivation. The study was implemented as part of a larger, federally funded research project, the Scientific Literacy Project or SLP (Mantzicopoulos, Patrick, & Samarapungavan, 2005). The study provides…

Samarapungavan, Ala; Patrick, Helen; Mantzicopoulos, Panayota

2011-01-01

12

Inquiry in Kindergarten: Learning Literacy through Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the importance of teaching kindergarten students to read, write, and function mathematically so they could engage in scientific inquiries in a meaningful way. Describes the author's efforts to concentrate energy on learning to read, write, function mathematically, and focus on scientific study. Notes that the first focused study of the…

Shamlin, Michele L.

2001-01-01

13

A Science Assessment Program for Kindergarten and First Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are science units for kindergarten and first-grade classes which include one or more non-verbal test items constructed to determine whether the student has learned the material presented in the unit. Units include: light, senses, gerbils, beans and peas, animal activities, and hatching chicks. (SL)

Greening, Gary A.

14

Reading, Writing, and Conducting Inquiry about Science in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past three years, the authors have worked with kindergarten teachers to develop study units with sequences of integrated science inquiry and literacy activities appropriate for kindergartners. Their work, which is part of the Scientific Literacy Project, has been very successful. The success of the Scientific Literacy Project (SLP) is in…

Patrick, Helen; Mantzicopoulos, Panayota; Samarapungavan, Ala

2009-01-01

15

Science Curriculum. Kindergarten through Grade Twelve.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This science curriculum guide provides a framework for science teachers of grades K-12 in the Leominster Public School System, Massachusetts. It represents the efforts of teachers and higher education faculty. An introductory section provides a philosophical statement on the nature of science and perspectives in the learning and teaching of…

Fitchburg State Coll., MA. Dept. of Special Education.

16

"Science Talks" in Kindergarten Classrooms: Improving Classroom Practice through Collaborative Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we described an action research project enacted by a veteran Kindergarten teacher (Sarah) in the context of a professional development program. Over the course of a year, Sarah collaborated with other teachers in a small group to investigate how to use "Science Talks" to promote student learning in Kindergarten classrooms. A…

Zhang, Meilan; Passalacqua, Susan; Lundeberg, Mary; Koehler, Matthew J.; Eberhardt, Jan; Parker, Joyce; Urban-Lurain, Mark; Zhang, Tianyi; Paik, Sunhee

2010-01-01

17

A longitudinal analysis of science teaching and learning in kindergarten and first-grade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study attempted to determine how often science is taught in the early grades as well as the science topics taught in these grades. A related purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between science teaching and students' science achievement. In doing so, the analyses took into consideration the influence of gender, socioeconomic status (SES), and race/ethnicity on children's academic performance in science. By using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) kindergarten and first-grade data files, children's science Item Response Theory Scores (IRT) and Academic Rating Scores (ARS) were examined to measure the relationship between children's early science experiences in schools and their achievement on the "General Knowledge Assessment Battery". According to this study's findings science teaching and learning in kindergarten level is somewhat limited. Additionally, the science content taught in kindergarten is narrow. The results of cross-sectional and longitudinal multilevel analyses revealed that several student and school level factors can influence young children's science achievement in kindergarten and first-grade. Although there were inconsistent conclusions about male and female students' science achievement as assessed by direct and indirect assessment batteries, there was no association between children's science scores and their gender and the amount or degree of science practices in school. While results of the analyses clearly showed that socioeconomic status (SES) had the most influence on both kindergarten and first-grade children's science achievement, the findings related to the effects of different science practices on science achievement were inconsistent. The results showed that science instruction effects some children's science achievement more than others. The findings have important implications for policies governing the teaching of science in the early grades. A clear demand exist for extension of science resource materials to include broader topics, more child-selected activities, integration with other subject areas, and more quality time for science teaching and learning in the early grades.

Olgan, Refika

18

Basic Science Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These six learning modules were developed for Lake Michigan College's Basic Science Training Program, a workshop to develop good study skills while reviewing basic science. The first module, which was designed to provide students with the necessary skills to study efficiently, covers the following topics: time management; an overview of a study…

Brummel, Clete

19

Effect of Visual Memory Training on Reading Ability of Kindergarten and First Grade Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of this study was to determine whether a specific cell, Memory of Figural Units--Visual Mode (MFU-V), of the Structure of Intellect (SOI) can be significantly affected by training kindergarten and first-grade children, and whether improvement in MFU-V has a significant effect on reading achievement of first grade children. (Author)

Hays, Billie M.; Pereira, Esther R.

1972-01-01

20

Discovering the Potential of Gifted Girls: The Biological and Physical Science Interests of Gifted Kindergarten Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observes and describes the biological and physical science interests of gifted kindergarten girls (n=14) who were videotaped taking part in five science sessions. The students exhibited equal interest in biological- and physical-science activities. Contains 33 references. (Author/ASK)

Johnson, Sandra L.

1999-01-01

21

Initial Music Training of Generalist Kindergarten Teachers in Greece: What Do They Ask for and What Do They Receive?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates generalist kindergarten teachers' academic music training based on data collected from students undertaking an undergraduate degree in preschool (kindergarten) education (students aged 4-6 years) in Greece. The study was carried out through a questionnaire survey that addressed students' aspirations when entering the…

Koutsoupidou, Theano

2010-01-01

22

The Effect of Kindergarten Science Experiences on Reading Readiness. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of a series of science lessons on reading readiness were investigated. Kindergarten children from three schools in central-city Milwaukee were the subjects. Twenty children from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Laboratory School were used to try out the procedures and materials used in the prepared science lessons. Twenty children…

Neuman, Donald B.

23

Reimagining Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional kindergarten program often reflected a rich but generic approach with creative contexts for typical kindergartners organized around materials (manipulatives or dramatic play) or a developmental area (fine motor or language). The purpose of kindergarten reflected beliefs about how children learn, specialized training for…

Graue, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

24

Indiana's Academic Standards: Kindergarten English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to Indiana's academic standards in language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies for kindergarten students begins with a note to students and another to parents. The guide spells out what students should know and be able to do in each subject, at each grade level. It helps students understand what is required to meet the…

Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis.

25

Motivation for Learning Science in Kindergarten: Is There a Gender Gap and Does Integrated Inquiry and Literacy Instruction Make a Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated whether kindergarten girls' and boys' (N = 162) motivation for science (perceived competence and liking) differed. Children were ethnically and linguistically diverse, primarily from low-income families, and attended one of three schools. One school offered a typical kindergarten science experience. Kindergarteners in the other two…

Patrick, Helen; Mantzicopoulos, Panayota; Samarapungayan, Ala

2009-01-01

26

``Science Talks'' in Kindergarten Classrooms: Improving Classroom Practice Through Collaborative Action Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study we described an action research project enacted by a veteran Kindergarten teacher (Sarah) in the context of a professional development program. Over the course of a year, Sarah collaborated with other teachers in a small group to investigate how to use “Science Talks” to promote student learning in Kindergarten classrooms. A Problem-Based Learning approach was adopted to guide the collaborative action research. Based on a rich set of data sources, we concluded that Sarah’s action research improved student learning and led to her own professional growth. We also identified important conditions in support of action research.

Zhang, Meilan; Passalacqua, Susan; Lundeberg, Mary; Koehler, Matthew J.; Eberhardt, Jan; Parker, Joyce; Urban-Lurain, Mark; Zhang, Tianyi; Paik, Sunhee

2010-03-01

27

Atmospheric Science Training Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson where learners review the basic requirements for human survival. Using an online, multimedia module, they change amounts of gases in our atmosphere and draw conclusions about the amount of each gas that is necessary for human survival. The lesson models scientific inquiry using the 5E instructional model and includes teacher notes, prerequisite concepts, misconception, student journal and reading, including career-related fact sheets. This is the first lesson in the Astro-Venture Atmospheric Science Training Unit. The purpose of the unit is to increase students' awareness of and interest in astrobiology and the many career opportunities that utilize science, math and technology skills. The lessons are designed for educators to use in conjunction with the Astro-Venture multimedia modules.

28

Novel Word Decoding in Kindergarteners as a Function of Decoding Strategy and Segmentation-Blending Training Form.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group training on segmentation-blending training forms (SB) in conjunction with strategies for decoding novel words (WD) was assessed in kindergarteners. Neither the WD or SB factor was found to significantly affect novel word decoding performance, although the results indicated that the sounding out SB form led to considerable success in word…

Koehler, John, Jr.

29

Differential Effects of Kindergarten Teacher's Beliefs about Developmentally Appropriate Practice on Their Use of Scaffolding Following Inservice Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to compare the scaffolding skills of Korean teachers identified as developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) or inappropriate practice (DIP) in their beliefs before and after an in-service training experience. Based on DAP beliefs of 242 kindergarten teachers, 30 DAP and 30 DIP teachers were selected. Thirty (15 DAP, 15…

Lee, Yeung Suk; Baik, Jeesook; Charlesworth, Rosalind

2006-01-01

30

Science: Model Curriculum Guide, Kindergarten through Grade Eight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed with the intention of helping teachers and school site administrators in California review the elementary science curriculum and compare it to an idealized model that is presented in the document. Part I of the guide provides a summary of a number of characteristics considered to be important to a strong elementary science

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

31

Space Science in the Kindergarten Classroom and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of probes to our closest planet Mars and the multi-national construction of Earth's first International Space Station, it is not presumptive to introduce 5 year old school children to the space sciences. K. E. Little Elementary School is located in the community of Bacliff, Texas. It is the largest elementary school (950 students) in the Dickinson Independent

D. Bonett

2000-01-01

32

Cognitive Science and Military Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four new military training systems offer the opportunity for the application of cognitive science. They are the following: (1) a family of memorization games; (2) a simulator with a graphic, schematic student interface; (3) a system for solving problems of relative motion; and (4) a method of building cognitive skills for air-intercept control.…

Halff, Henry M.; And Others

1986-01-01

33

Student science enrichment training program  

SciTech Connect

This is a report on the Student Science Enrichment Training Program, with special emphasis on chemical and computer science fields. The residential summer session was held at the campus of Claflin College, Orangeburg, SC, for six weeks during 1993 summer, to run concomitantly with the college`s summer school. Fifty participants selected for this program, included high school sophomores, juniors and seniors. The students came from rural South Carolina and adjoining states which, presently, have limited science and computer science facilities. The program focused on high ability minority students, with high potential for science engineering and mathematical careers. The major objective was to increase the pool of well qualified college entering minority students who would elect to go into science, engineering and mathematical careers. The Division of Natural Sciences and Mathematics and engineering at Claflin College received major benefits from this program as it helped them to expand the Departments of Chemistry, Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science as a result of additional enrollment. It also established an expanded pool of well qualified minority science and mathematics graduates, which were recruited by the federal agencies and private corporations, visiting Claflin College Campus. Department of Energy`s relationship with Claflin College increased the public awareness of energy related job opportunities in the public and private sectors.

Sandhu, S.S.

1994-08-01

34

Jordanian Student Teachers' Perceptions of Teaching Writing in Kindergartens during Their Field Training Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine student teachers' perceptions of teaching writing in kindergartens and to identify to what extent the cooperating teachers influence the student teachers' perceptions. To achieve the research aims, a 31-item questionnaire was developed by the researchers and administered to 50 student teachers and their…

Ihmeideh, Fathi; Al-Basheer, Akram; Al-Momani, Ibrahim

2008-01-01

35

Improving Self-Regulated Learning of Preschool Children: Evaluation of Training for Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In the context of lifelong learning, self-regulated learning is an important competence. Children between 4 and 6 years of age are at a crucial step in their life to develop self-regulatory competence. That is why their kindergarten teachers play an important role as instructors as well as role models. Aim: This study tested the…

Perels, Franziska; Merget-Kullmann, Miriam; Wende, Milena; Schmitz, Bernhard; Buchbinder, Carla

2009-01-01

36

From Perfection to Habit: Moral Training in the American Kindergarten, 1860-1920  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents the struggle between American Froebelians and progressives to dominate kindergarten education in theory and practice from 1860-1920. The author compares the basic tenets of each group and assesses the consequences of the progressive victory in the battle for control of the curriculum. (Author/DB)

Cavallo, Dom

1976-01-01

37

The adventures of Ann: A case study of a kindergarten teacher and her beliefs as she explored integrating science into her literacy curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science education is an often neglected portion of the curriculum in elementary school, particularly in the primary grades. While early childhood educators have many choices in their curricula, two constants remain, literacy and math education. Ideally, young children need science along with literacy and mathematics. This study investigated how one kindergarten teacher used science to enhance her literacy program and

Gregory Ralph Potter

2000-01-01

38

Graduate Training in the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of graduate training in the social sciences and reasons for deficiencies are reviewed, and strategies for improving the situation are proposed. Recent studies of the organization of graduate training in the social sciences have indicated serious weaknesses in the recruitment, selection, and socialization of graduate students. These…

Booth, David B.

39

A Project to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Pre-Phonic Training Between Kindergarten and First Grade Levels (Project PEEP). Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of prephonic training between kindergarten and first grade levels as a tool for acquiring reading skills was explored throughout the public school system in the city of New Bedford, Massachusetts. A sample population of 260 kindergartners was identified as having potential learning difficulties by the results shown on the…

Marko, Kathleen Barrett

40

Kindergarten Teachers and Classrooms: A Transition Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes demographic and structural features of kindergarten classrooms using data from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's Transition Practices Survey of kindergarten teachers. Explores teachers' education and experience, and their training on facilitating transitions to kindergarten. Also discusses teacher and student…

Early, Diane M.; Cox, Martha J.; Pianta, Robert C.

1999-01-01

41

Applications of neural networks in training science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Training science views itself as an integrated and applied science, developing practical measures founded on scientific method. Therefore, it demands consideration of a wide spectrum of approaches and methods. Especially in the field of competitive sports, research questions are usually located in complex environments, so that mainly field studies are drawn upon to obtain broad external validity. Here, the interrelations

Mark Pfeiffer; Andreas Hohmann

42

The adventures of Ann: A case study of a kindergarten teacher and her beliefs as she explored integrating science into her literacy curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education is an often neglected portion of the curriculum in elementary school, particularly in the primary grades. While early childhood educators have many choices in their curricula, two constants remain, literacy and math education. Ideally, young children need science along with literacy and mathematics. This study investigated how one kindergarten teacher used science to enhance her literacy program and how this use of science in her classroom affected her teaching beliefs. The case study took place in a publicly funded early childhood education center devoted to teaching kindergarten children in the small town of Summers in rural northern California. "Ann" was a master kindergarten teacher who historically used developmentally appropriate activities to support her literacy instruction. She was posed with the suggestion of infusing science into her literacy program and over the course of one school year, she was observed planning, implementing, and reflecting on six integrated science and literacy units. Ann's general teaching beliefs as well as her beliefs about teaching literacy and science were explored in order to investigate whether her experience with the integrated science and literacy units had altered her teaching beliefs. It was discovered that not only had Ann significantly changed the way she taught science, her beliefs about teaching science had changed and had moved towards mimicking her pro-active and positive beliefs about teaching literacy.

Potter, Gregory Ralph

43

The Effects of the Use of Activities of Science - A Process Approach on the Oral Communication Skills of Disadvantaged Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study of the effects of participation in the activities of Science - A Process Approach on the development of oral transmitting skills. This study was directed toward the instruction of 113 kindergarten children enrolled in four regularly scheduled classes, in an inner-city school. Two of the classes, one morning and one afternoon,…

Huff, Phyllis Ester

44

KINDERGARTEN GUIDEBOOK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A CURRICULUM GUIDE ON KINDERGARTEN EDUCATION IS PRESENTED. SECTIONS INCLUDE THE CHILD, THE TEACHER, THE ROOM, THE KINDERGARTEN DAY, AND THE CURRICULUM. THE PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, SOCIAL, AND MENTAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CHILD, PLUS PRINCIPLES FOR GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL GUIDANCE OF THE TIMID AND AGGRESSIVE CHILD ARE GIVEN.…

LATTING, LUCILLE; AND OTHERS

45

A Teacher-Consultation Approach to Social Skills Training for Pre-Kindergarten Children: Treatment Model and Short-Term Outcome Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the post-treatment outcome effects of a classroom-based social skills program for pre-kindergarten children,\\u000a using a teacher-consultation model. The pre-K RECAP (Reaching Educators, Children, and Parents) program is a semi-structured,\\u000a cognitive-behavioral skills training program that provides teachers with in-classroom consultation on program implementation\\u000a and classroom-wide behavior management. Data on children's social skills and behavior problems were collected from

Susan S. Han; Thomas Catron; Bahr Weiss; Kristen K. Marciel

2005-01-01

46

NASA's Space Life Sciences Training Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Life Sciences Training Program (SLSTP) is an intensive, six-week training program held every summer since 1985 at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). A major goal of the SLSTP is to develop a cadre of qualified scientists and engineers to support future space life sciences and engineering challenges. Hand-picked, undergraduate college students participate in lectures, laboratory sessions, facility tours, and special projects: including work on actual Space Shuttle flight experiments and baseline data collection. At NASA Headquarters (HQ), the SLSTP is jointly sponsored by the Life Sciences Division and the Office of Equal Opportunity Programs: it has been very successful in attracting minority students and women to the fields of space science and engineering. In honor of the International Space Year (ISY), 17 international students participated in this summer's program. An SLSTP Symposium was held in Washington D. C., just prior to the World Space Congress. The Symposium attracted over 150 SLSTP graduates for a day of scientific discussions and briefings concerning educational and employment opportunities within NASA and the aerospace community. Future plans for the SLSTP include expansion to the Johnson Space Center in 1995.

Coulter, G.; Lewis, L.; Atchison, D.

1994-01-01

47

NASA's Space Life Sciences Training Program.  

PubMed

The Space Life Sciences Training Program (SLSTP) is an intensive, six-week training program held every summer since 1985 at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). A major goal of the SLSTP is to develop a cadre of qualified scientists and engineers to support future space life sciences and engineering challenges. Hand-picked, undergraduate college students participate in lectures, laboratory sessions, facility tours, and special projects: including work on actual Space Shuttle flight experiments and baseline data collection. At NASA Headquarters (HQ), the SLSTP is jointly sponsored by the Life Sciences Division and the Office of Equal Opportunity Programs: it has been very successful in attracting minority students and women to the fields of space science and engineering. In honor of the International Space Year (ISY), 17 international students participated in this summer's program. An SLSTP Symposium was held in Washington D.C., just prior to the World Space Congress. The Symposium attracted over 150 SLSTP graduates for a day of scientific discussions and briefings concerning educational and employment opportunities within NASA and the aerospace community. Future plans for the SLSTP include expansion to the Johnson Space Center in 1995. PMID:11537955

Coulter, G; Lewis, L; Atchison, D

1994-01-01

48

The Polar Express Delivers Equity in the Kindergarten Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This free, online article, developed for elementary teachers, describes a Kindergarten polar science, standards aligned, unit centered on The Polar Express developing literacy, math, and science skills.

Lefever, Mary

49

DASH: Developmental Approaches in Science, Health and Technology: Kindergarten. Teacher Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of the Developmental Approaches in Science, Health and Technology (DASH) program is to preserve the curiosity and capture the imagination of all elementary students through an experience of science, technology, and health that engages them in the excitement of exploring and understanding the unknown, inventing and building to solve…

Pottenger, Francis M., III; Brennan, Carol Ann; Pottenger, Larma M.

50

Development of Curricula, Teacher Supports, and Assessments for Pre-Kindergarten Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "MTP-Math/Science" curricula specifically target the teaching and learning of children at risk of early school failure, a population for whom achievement gaps in mathematics and science are visible even in Pre-K years. "MTP-Math" is based on Focal Areas defined by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) (2006) for Pre-K through…

Kinzie, Mable B.; Pianta, Robert C.; Kilday, Carolyn R.; McGuire, Patrick R.; Pinkham, Ashley M.

2009-01-01

51

Kindergarten Teachers' Perceptions of an Inquiry-Based Science Teaching and Learning Professional Development Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Scholars and education reformers alike have re-ignited the importance of teaching science in the elementary grades of the public schools of America by disputing the traditional belief that K-4 learners are too young to learn and function within the nature of science learning and experimentation. The consideration rests on the findings…

Furtado, Leena

2010-01-01

52

Learning Academic Language through Science in Two Linguistically Diverse Kindergarten Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of an intentional versus an implicit approach to English oral language development in young children. A vocabulary intervention in science was developed using previous research on effective vocabulary and science instruction. Participants were 39 English-learning, bilingual, and monolingual English-speaking…

Spycher, Pamela

2009-01-01

53

Science Education: From Kindergarten Through College (George B. Pegram Lecture Series)  

SciTech Connect

Alberts will draw on his two decades of experience in working with elementary and secondary teachers in San Francisco, where he launched a program that pairs college students and faculty with teachers from more than 80 percent of the children’s schools. He has also worked to develop the first national educational science curriculum standards for K-12 education. Currently, he serves as one of three U.S. Science Envoys to the Muslim world for President Obama; his mission includes providing help with science education at all levels through partnerships with U.S. institutions.

Alberts, Bruce (U of California, San Francisco and Editor-in-Chief, Science Magazine) [U of California, San Francisco and Editor-in-Chief, Science Magazine

2010-09-14

54

The Collective Construction of a Science Unit: Framing Curricula as Emergent from Kindergarteners' Wonderings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnographic research examines how children enact developing understandings in science through multiple interactions. Grounded in sociocultural theoretical frameworks, we consider learning to be a social, cultural practice, with understandings as co-constructed between participants through talk and in interactions. With these underpinning…

Siry, Christina; Max, Charles

2013-01-01

55

Long-term impact of undergraduate science reform courses on the pedagogical content knowledge of kindergarten through sixth grade inservice teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explores the long-term impact of faculty-created reformed undergraduate science courses on the pedagogical content knowledge of kindergarten-6th grade inservice elementary teachers who took these reform courses during their undergraduate programs. On-site case studies were completed with 35 faculty instructors teaching entry-level undergraduate science courses at 20 higher education institutions, and 91 elementary inservice teachers. The sample was selected from a national population of diverse colleges and universities that had undergone reform in one or more of their undergraduate science courses. The data collection protocol involved classroom observations, interviews, artifact analysis, semi-structured interviews, and field notes from multiple instruments and sources. Data were collected during on-site visits from instructors and their graduated students. Quantitative and qualitative analysis identified variations in faculty instructors', as well as inservice teachers', perceptions and observations of the intended and enacted teaching goals, instruction, student difficulties, and rationale for teaching a specific science concept in observed science lessons. These perceptions and observations, identified as science pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), varied significantly among both faculty instructors and inservice elementary teachers who experienced the undergraduate reformed science courses taught by these same faculty instructors.

Turner, Donna P.

56

Kindergartener's Technology Education in Taiwan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the American Association for Advancement of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the International Technology Education Association (ITEA) and its Technology for All Americans Project (TfAAP), technology education should begin in kindergarten. Educators in Taiwan have also advocated beginning technology education in…

Lai, Chun-Chin

57

Kindergarten Curriculum: A Parent's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication from the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is designed to inform parents about the department's kindergarten curriculum in four major areas: language arts/reading, mathematics, science, and social studies. The integrated language arts/reading standards emphasize auditory likenesses and differences, and likenesses…

Department of Defense Education Activity, Arlington, VA.

58

Marine Science Training Program for Alaska Native Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University of Alaska proposed to develop and offer a training program in oceanography and related areas for Alaska Native students. The University of Alaska Fairbanks' marine sciences instructional program is primarily a graduate program leading to th...

D. G. Schall J. J. Kelley V. Alexander

1991-01-01

59

Training Science Teachers: Methodological Problems and Issues in Changing Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development of one line of research in the training of science teachers, using social learning theory as the superstructure, and identifies the related basic research forming the building blocks of subsequent research, development, and practice. (Author/PEB)

Koran, John J., Jr.

1974-01-01

60

Technology and Science in School and Society: Education, Training, Subsequent Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on current research at Sweden's University of Linkoping on the dynamics of technical progress, social change, and continuous educational reform focuses on the four major sub-studies that, with a number of more limited surveys, make up the project on Technology and Science in School and Society: Education, Training, Subsequent Training.…

Riis, Ulla

1986-01-01

61

Overweight in Kindergarten  

MedlinePLUS

... right-hand corner of the player. Overweight in Kindergarten HealthDay January 30, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Obesity ... School Health Transcript By the time they begin kindergarten a hefty slice of America's pre-adolescent children ...

62

Arizona Academic Standards: Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for kindergarten. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Kindergarten; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Readiness (Kindergarten); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Readiness…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

63

Arizona Academic Standards, Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for kindergarten. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Kindergarten; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Readiness (Kindergarten); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8);…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

64

More Trends in Modern Science Teachers Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the natural update of teachers training design, there are many subjects like green chemistry, green energy and constructal theory that simultaneously with the proper use of internet interactive websites and educational software, optimising the change of information into knowledge, are advantageous for the educational purposes if made available. Also, the efforts in many locations for getting \\

LUÍS MIGUEL PEREIRA HORTA

65

Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions and Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Technical Working Group on Education and Training in Forensic Science (TWGED) is a multidisciplinary group of content area experts from across the United States and Canada, from both urban and rural jurisdictions, each representing his or her respecti...

2004-01-01

66

Kentucky's Individualized Kindergartens: A State Network Design for Early Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The KIK (Kentucky Individualized Kindergartens) project, a collaborative project between Kentucky's Department of Education and the Chapel Hill (NC) Training-Outreach project, is designed to serve high risk children. KIK provides early identification of high risk kindergarteners, development of individualized education programs, and implementation…

Bright, B.; Cansler, D. P.

67

Training College Physics and Physical Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes survey data about the need and appropriate character of graduate degree programs designed to prepare two-year and four-year college physics and physical science teachers. Indicates that future employment favors two-year college teachers with a master's degree in the region west of the Mississippi River. (CC)

Henderson, R. B.; And Others

1974-01-01

68

Using the Science Writing Heuristic: Training Chemistry Teaching Assistants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Promoting the use of the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) among novice teaching assistants at a large university is facilitated by a program of instructional training and mentoring. Sessions include hands-on activities with guided inquiry in tandem with elements of the SWH. These provide TAs with the opportunity to both experience and practice integrating the SWH.

Hand, Brian; Poock, Jason; Burke, K. A.; Greenbowe, Thomas

2005-09-01

69

A Study in Teaching Selected Intellectual Skills to Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purposes of the study were (1) to construct science lessons to teach selected intellectual skills to kindergarten children, and (2) to develop group non-reading tests which would measure the growth of the intellectual skills of observation, classification, data treatment, and measurement in kindergarten children. Lessons and evaluations were…

Edwards, Thomas Francis

70

Pre-Kindergarten Prescriptive Teaching Program for Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the pre-kindergarten prescriptive teaching program for learning disabled children including inventories and six instructional components: language arts, mathematics, science, health, motor skill development, and social experiences. Components consist of sequenced skills (identified as essential by kindergarten and first grade…

Fargo Public Schools, ND.

71

Kindergarten Monets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating art with literature and science enhances students' learning and retention. Whenever possible, the introduction of the author's art lessons include a relevant artist, such as Claude Monet. In this article, kindergartners paint a pond and learn how to make water lilies using colored tissue-paper squares. (Contains 4 resources.)

Dionne, Suzanne

2012-01-01

72

A Look at the 1959 National Science Foundation's "Summer Science Training Program for High-Ability Secondary School Students."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1959 National Science Foundation Summer Science Training for High-Ability Secondary School Students Program contained 117 programs offered by 105 institutions in 37 states and Puerto Rico. For this report, 11 of the 117 programs were selected for visits by an observer highly trained and experienced in mathematics and/or science education. In…

Richardson, Bellows, Henry and Co., Inc., New York, NY.

73

Eden Gardens Kindergarten Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program, included in "Effective Reading Programs...," serves 61 kindergarten children, the majority of whom are disadvantaged blacks. The all-day kindergarten program is the first phase in the district-wide Continuous Progress Program in Reading. The sequential stages in the development of reading skills are outlined and are presented in…

Caddo Parish School Board, Shreveport, LA.

74

Kindergarten: What Do Parents Want?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to controversy over what constitutes an appropriate kindergarten curriculum, parents were asked directly what they wanted kindergarten to provide for their children. A 15-item questionnaire focusing on common kindergarten teaching practices was sent to parents of kindergarten children who attended 100 elementary schools in South Dakota.…

Webster, Loraine; Wood, Robert W.

75

"Kindergarten, Can I Have Your Eyes and Ears?" Politeness and Teacher Directive Choices in Inquiry-Based Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores elementary teachers' social understandings and employment of directives and politeness while facilitating inquiry science lessons prior and subsequent to their participation in a summer institute in which they were introduced to the scholarly literature on regulative discourse (directives used by teachers to regulate student…

Oliveira, Alandeom Wanderlei

2009-01-01

76

Curricula of finnish kindergarten teacher education: Interpretations of early childhood education, professional competencies and educational theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presentation is based on the ongoing research project The Pedagogical Formation of Early Childhood Education in Finland. The data of the first stage consists of all written kindergarten teacher training curricula drawn up in 1973–2002. The aim is to discover the nature of the expertise that the kindergarten teacher training programmes delivered over this period were intended to generate

Kirsti Karila; Jarmo Kinos; Pirkko Niiranen; Jorma Virtanen

2005-01-01

77

"Kindergarten, can I have your eyes and ears?" politeness and teacher directive choices in inquiry-based science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explores elementary teachers' social understandings and employment of directives and politeness while facilitating inquiry science lessons prior and subsequent to their participation in a summer institute in which they were introduced to the scholarly literature on regulative discourse (directives used by teachers to regulate student behavior). A grounded theory analysis of the institute professional development activities revealed that teachers developed an increased awareness of the authoritative functions served by impolite or direct directives (i.e., pragmatic awareness). Furthermore, a comparative microethnographic analysis of participants' inquiry-based classroom practices revealed that after the institute teachers demonstrated an increased ability to share authority with students by strategically making directive choices that were more polite, indirect, inclusive, involvement-focused and creative. Such ability led to a reduced emphasis on teacher regulation of student compliance with classroom behavioral norms and an increased focus on the discursive organization of the inquiry-based science learning/teaching process. Despite teachers' increased pragmatic awareness, teacher-student linguistic relationships did not become entirely symmetrical subsequent to their participation in the summer institute (i.e., teacher authority was not completely relinquished or lost). Based on such findings, it is argued that teachers need to develop higher levels of pragmatic awareness to become effectively prepared to engage in language-mediated teacher-student interaction in the context of inquiry-based science classroom discourse.

Oliveira, Alandeom Wanderlei

2009-12-01

78

The Kindergarten Child: What Teachers and Administrators Need to Know to Promote Academic Success in All Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes kindergarten from the perspective of the whole child. Specifically, it reviews current research on best practices to improve children's math and language arts competencies, memory skills, and the role of kindergarten in beginning science. It also describes the social experiences children have in kindergarten with respect to…

Ray, Katherine; Smith, Maureen C.

2010-01-01

79

Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions, and Students. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forensic science provides scientific and foundational information for investigators and courts, and thus plays a crucial role in the criminal justice system. This guide was developed through the work of the Technical Working Group on Education and Training in Forensic Science (TWGED) to serve as a reference on best education and training practices…

US Department of Justice, 2004

2004-01-01

80

Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training (GET SMART): A Model for Preparing Girls in Science and Engineering Disciplines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Postulates that the development of a successful training program for women in science, math, engineering, and technology (SMET) disciplines is dependent upon a combination of several factors. Proposes a model based on the Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training (GET SMART) workshop program to prepare and develop female high…

Mawasha, P. Ruby; Lam, Paul C.; Vesalo, John; Leitch, Ronda; Rice, Stacey

2001-01-01

81

Kindergarten Animal Paintings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a painting unit for kindergarten that focuses on color mixing and brush stroke techniques. Students paint a picture of their favorite animal. Describes the unit, listing the materials needed and including sample paintings. (CMK)

Horst, Carol

1999-01-01

82

A Kindergarten Collage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a kindergarten art activity in which students create a collage. Explains that students learn about three types of painting and experiment with each one. Discusses how the students created their collages. (CMK)

Hamilton, Anne

2002-01-01

83

Scaffolding the "Scaffolding" Metaphor: From Inspiration to a Practical Tool for Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research aims shifting "scaffolding" from an inspiring metaphor to a practical tool to be used by kindergarten teachers when conducting scientific activities. It identifies scaffolding strategies that three experienced kindergarten teachers, ones acknowledged as excelling in science teaching, implicitly used when conducting science

Eshach, Haim; Dor-Ziderman, Yair; Arbel, Yael

2011-01-01

84

Kindergarten teachers adjust their teaching practices in accordance with children’s academic pre?skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the extent to which kindergarten children’s academic pre?skills are associated with their teachers’ subsequent teaching practices. The pre?skills in reading and math of 1268 children (655 boys, 613 girls) were measured in kindergarten in the fall. A pair of trained observers used the Classroom Assessment Scoring System instrument to observe 49 kindergarten teachers on their emotional support,

Eija Pakarinen; Martti Siekkinen

2011-01-01

85

Report of the Panel on Pre-Professional Training in the Agricultural Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of the recommendations made by action committees established by the Panel on Pre-Professional Training in the Agricultural Sciences are made under the headings "Biological Subject Matter,""Mathematics," and "Physics." The action committees in Animal Sciences, Bioengineering, Food Sciences, Natural Resources, Plant and Soil Sciences, and…

Commission on Undergraduate Education in the Biological Sciences, Washington, DC.

86

Towards behavioural sciences in undergraduate training: a core curriculum.  

PubMed

There is strong evidence to link biological, behavioural, psychological, and social variables to health, illness and disease. But this knowledge has not been successfully incorporated into standard medical practice. There is a general accord that a simple disease-based model of clinical practice is inadequate and that there is need to change the approach of doctors to include a better understanding of behavioural issues. The need to integrate Behavioural Sciences as an integral component of medical training is well recognised. PMDC initiated these efforts in 2005 but since then little progress has been made towards developing a core curriculum. This aim of the present article is to initiate a concerted effort towards this direction in Pakistan. We have outlined specific objectives keeping the recommended domains for BS in mind. In addition, knowledge and skills-based learning outcomes have also been defined. PMID:22356006

Humayun, Asma; Herbert, Michael

2011-08-01

87

Effects of Group Work Training on Science Attainment in Rural and Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of collaborative group work skills training on pupil attainment in science. Twenty-four experimental classes were drawn from schools in rural and urban settings. Pupils in experimental classrooms engaged in general group work skills training and two structured group work activities in science. Attainment was…

Thurston, A.; Topping, K. J.; Christie, D.; Donaldson, C.; Howe, C. J.; Jessiman, E.; Livingston, K.; Tolmie, A.

2008-01-01

88

The "Core" in Library and/or Information Science Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of what constitutes or should constitute the "core" in library and/or information science (LIS) education and training is one that is frequently debated. This article reviews literature related to this matter and cites findings from an empirical study conducted in South Africa on library and/or information science education and training.…

Raju, J.

2003-01-01

89

Kindergarten Measurement and Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides examples of Kindergarten Measurement and Data activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. A CCSS standard is stated and the possible activities are listed below and linked. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group, or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. Instructions for each task are typed in large print and written in child-friendly language to enable students to work on activities independently after a brief introduction to the task. All files for Kindergarten Measurement and Data Activities listed are in PDF format.

Godwin, Nicola

2012-01-01

90

Kindergarten Teachers Adjust Their Teaching Practices in Accordance with Children's Academic Pre-Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which kindergarten children's academic pre-skills are associated with their teachers' subsequent teaching practices. The pre-skills in reading and math of 1268 children (655 boys, 613 girls) were measured in kindergarten in the fall. A pair of trained observers used the Classroom Assessment Scoring System…

Pakarinen, Eija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Siekkinen, Martti; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2011-01-01

91

Emergent Literacy Skills Achievement of Kindergarteners in Relation to Sample Demographics in Southeastern Connecticut  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ex post facto, quasi-experimental study was conducted at a single-site, kindergarten through eighth grade district in rural, southeastern Connecticut. Of the single cohort of kindergarten students (N = 35) participating, eight students received fall intervention from a trained paraprofessional using "Stepping Stones to Literacy" and winter…

Graves, KellyAnn

2010-01-01

92

Health: Kindergarten. Interim Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This health education guide for kindergarten is divided into six sections. A statement of the sub-goal for each section prefaces an outline for achieving that goal: (1) social-emotional well-being: to enhance self-awareness and increase skills that promote personal development and successful relationships; (2) physical well-being: to increase…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

93

Kindergarten: Home and Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide presents a working draft of the kindergarten component of a K-6 social studies program developed by the Allegany County Board of Education in Maryland. Goals and activities relating to ethnic heritage studies; family life; and career, consumer, citizenship, and environmental education are included in each of the seven guides.…

Allegany County Board of Education, Cumberland, MD.

94

Scottish Kindergarten, Part 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the author's favorite things in the whole world is a forest school--a nature kindergarten. People have probably heard the rumors: preschoolers outdoors all day long, in all kinds of weather. And it's not just for Scandinavian kids anymore. It is yet another children and nature global movement. More than just adding nature to a playground,…

Keeler, Rusty

2012-01-01

95

Aging: A Kindergarten Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a curriculum for kindergarten children designed to increase children's understanding of the aging adult, make them aware of the likenesses and differences between the young and old adult, and encourage them to develop a friendship with an older adult. An introduction discusses the attention recently being given to aging and…

Storck, Patricia A.; Davies, Barbara K.

96

Robots in the Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes work with kindergarten children to improve their development of estimation, decision making, divergent thinking, directionality, numerical concepts, and creative problem solving skills through learning to program and control the robot Big Trak, a truck which moves along the floor in response to their commands. (EAO)

Keller, Joan; Shanahan, Dolores

1983-01-01

97

A Field Test of the Impact of an Inservice Training Program on Health Sciences Education Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of the Health Sciences Faculty Education Project at Oregon Health & Science University was to enhance the capacity of health science programs and faculty to admit, teach, accommodate, and graduate students with disabilities. Multiple approaches were implemented to achieve this goal. A key strategy was an inservice training program…

Sowers, Jo-Ann; Smith, Martha R.

2003-01-01

98

When Political Science Championed Public Service TrainingThe American Political Science Association Campaign for Professional Public Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how Progressive-Era political scientists worked to promote public service training. It gives evidence that the Progressive-Era political science community had a broad view of its mission that included preparing civil servants. Since World War II, tension has permeated relations between mainstream political science and professional public administration programs. Participants in current debates on relations between the two

Hindy Lauer Schachter

2007-01-01

99

The impacts of an invasive species citizen science training program on participant attitudes, behavior, and science literacy.  

PubMed

Citizen science can make major contributions to informal science education by targeting participants' attitudes and knowledge about science while changing human behavior towards the environment. We examined how training associated with an invasive species citizen science program affected participants in these areas. We found no changes in science literacy or overall attitudes between tests administered just before and after a one-day training program, matching results from other studies. However, we found improvements in science literacy and knowledge using context-specific measures and in self-reported intention to engage in pro-environmental activities. While we noted modest change in knowledge and attitudes, we found comparison and interpretation of these data difficult in the absence of other studies using similar measures. We suggest that alternative survey instruments are needed and should be calibrated appropriately to the pre-existing attitudes, behavior, and levels of knowledge in these relatively sophisticated target groups. PMID:23825234

Crall, Alycia W; Jordan, Rebecca; Holfelder, Kirstin; Newman, Gregory J; Graham, Jim; Waller, Donald M

2013-08-01

100

Effects of Professional Development on the Knowledge and Classroom Practices of Elementary School Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of professional development on the knowledge and classroom practices of teachers of science in kindergarten through Grade 5. These teachers, trained to be generalists in the content areas, were strongly prepared in pedagogical practices, reading skills, basic language arts, and mathematics…

Minuskin, Sondra

2009-01-01

101

Teacher Training and Pre-service Primary Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Science Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study focuses on the improvement of pre-service teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science by including science courses within the teacher training program. Knowing how efficacy beliefs change over time and what factors influence the development by pre-service primary teachers of positive science teaching efficacy beliefs may be useful for teacher training universities, so that they can adapt their curriculum to accommodate these factors. Participants included 292 pre-service primary teachers, a cross-sectional sample from two different universities in the Netherlands across the four different years of study in the training program. Based upon our results, we conclude that the science teaching self-efficacy of pre-service teachers, in particular, improved during years 1 and 2, and not during years 3 and 4. Higher levels of self-rated subject-matter knowledge and science teaching experience in primary schools both contributed to higher levels of personal self-efficacy for science teaching. Differences at the university level in courses taken during the first year between science content courses and science methods courses also influenced the pre-service teachers' development of science teaching self-efficacy. After their first year, the pre-service teachers from the university with science content courses had significantly higher self-efficacy than pre-service teachers from the university that offered science methods courses. After the second year of teacher training, however, this difference in self-efficacy was no longer present.

Velthuis, Chantal; Fisser, Petra; Pieters, Jules

2014-06-01

102

Evaluation of the NIEHS (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences) Environmental Toxicology Training Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1978, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) recognized that its training programs in environmental toxicology should be evaluated to determine whether they were meeting the needs of the employment sectors. The evaluation was t...

M. Hitchock

1982-01-01

103

Interdisciplinary research and training program in the plant sciences. Technical progress through January 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is the compiled progress reports from the Interdisciplinary Research and Training Program in the Plant Sciences funded through the MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory. Fourteen reports are included, covering topics such as the molecular basis ...

C. P. Wolk

1991-01-01

104

Leadership Training in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education in Bulgaria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis paper explores current leadership training in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education in Bulgaria. The analysis begins with discussion of global factors influencing the implementation of leadership training in STEM education in general and then presents information about the current status of leadership…

Bairaktarova, Diana; Cox, Monica F.; Evangelou, Demetra

2011-01-01

105

The effects of training community leaders in prevention science: Communities That Care in Pennsylvania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of training community leaders in prevention science in the context of Communities That Care (CTC). The data analyzed here comes from an evaluation of CTC in 21 Pennsylvania communities, including in-depth interviews with 203 community leaders. The association of attendance at training sessions was investigated at the individual and community levels. Multi-level modeling supported the

Mark E. Feinberg; Mark T. Greenberg; D. Wayne Osgood; Amy Anderson; Leslie Babinski

2002-01-01

106

General Education in Library and/or Information Science Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature on general education in higher education generally and in library and/or information science education and training specifically, is reviewed. Drawing from this review and from the findings of an empirical study conducted in South Africa, this article discusses curriculum development in LIS education and training in both the university…

Raju, J.

2004-01-01

107

Scaffolding the "Scaffolding" Metaphor: From Inspiration to a Practical Tool for Kindergarten Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present research aims shifting `scaffolding' from an inspiring metaphor to a practical tool to be used by kindergarten teachers when conducting scientific activities. It identifies scaffolding strategies that three experienced kindergarten teachers, ones acknowledged as excelling in science teaching, implicitly used when conducting science activities. For this end 20 whole-day observations were recorded in each of the three kindergartens and transcribed verbatim. The scaffolding strategies were identified through an inductive analysis performed on the observations and through the relevant literature. The strategies yielded from the analysis were grouped into affective and cognitive domains, each divided into categories and subcategories. The complete set of identified strategies was termed the scaffolding scheme. The scaffolding scheme can assist kindergarten and primary school teachers, as well as researchers, in analyzing scientific activities conducted in the kindergarten and judging how efficient the employed strategies are, what strategies to eliminate, and what other strategies might be needed.

Eshach, Haim; Dor-Ziderman, Yair; Arbel, Yael

2011-10-01

108

Reading in the Kindergarten: Teachers Tell It Like It Is  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data obtained from a 66-item questionnaire distributed to schools in the Aurora area was analyzed to identify reading practices in Kindergarten including: means used by teachers to evaluate readiness and opportunities available to the teachers to improve their training. (Editor)

Johns, Jerry; Ellis, Diann

1976-01-01

109

Phonological Awareness in Kindergarten: A Field Study in Luxembourgish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of a phonological awareness training program in the specific context of the Luxembourgish educational system. The intervention was run by the kindergarten teachers in their classes with minimal external supervision. Forty-one classes of the area around Luxembourg City participated in…

Bode, Sylvie; Content, Alain

2011-01-01

110

Integration of biological and nursing sciences: a 10-year plan to enhance research and training.  

PubMed

A proposed multiyear plan of funding mechanisms by the National Center for Nursing Research (NCNR) to increase the use of biological theory and measurements in nursing research has been developed for both research training and research programs. The objectives of the research training programs are (a) to develop a cadre of nurse scientists with solid research training in the biological sciences, (b) to upgrade to state-of-the-art biological research for mid-career nurse scientists, and (c) to ensure adequate highly trained biological-nurse manpower will be available to accomplish the nation's nursing research agenda. The objectives of the research programs are (a) to stimulate nurse scientists to undertake novel, innovative research using state-of-the-art biological technology, (b) to link the behavioral and biological underpinnings of nursing science in specified areas of biomedical clinical research, and (c) to ensure that, in the coming decade, nursing science and behavioral research will be inextricably interwoven with biological research. The research training programs include: targeted predoctoral-postdoctoral transitional training, targeted predoctoral or postdoctoral fellowships, training awards for existing institutional training grants in other disciplines, mid-career awards, the Nurse Scientist award, and institutional training grants for biological nursing. The research programs include: small grants programs, augmentation of existing projects in other Institutes, Requests For Applications (RFA) in biobehavioral nursing, cluster studies, and clinical trials. PMID:8488310

Cowan, M J; Heinrich, J; Lucas, M; Sigmon, H; Hinshaw, A S

1993-02-01

111

Training and Labour Market Integration of Education Science Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research behind this article is to identify the relationships that must exist between university training and the social and occupational environment. One of the many functions that derive from the university-society relationship is to train students to carry out certain professions. as a result, the analysis of the labour market…

Vivas, Amparo Jimenez

2009-01-01

112

The Training of Science Cadres of Sociohumanities Profile in Graduate School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes problems relating to the effectiveness and the quality of the training of graduate students specializing in the area of the social sciences and the humanities. In order to ensure greater objectivity, account is taken of the opinions not only of humanities experts but also of representatives of the natural science disciplines.…

Balabanov, S. S.; Bednyi, B. I.; Mironos, A. A.

2008-01-01

113

Student science enrichment training program: Progress report, June 1, 1988--May 31, 1989  

SciTech Connect

This is a status report on a Student Science Enrichment Training Program held at the campus of Claflin College, Orangeburg, SC. The topics of the report include the objectives of the project, participation experienced, financial incentives and support for the program, curriculum description, and estimated success of the program in stimulating an occupational interest in science and research fields by the students.

Sandhu, S.S.

1989-04-21

114

Directory of Science Training Programs for High Ability Precollege Students. 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help students develop interest in careers in the mathematical, physical, medical, biological, social, or engineering sciences, this directory lists programs which are intended to contribute to precollege students' academic development. These science training programs serve to provide talented high school students with educational…

Science Service, Inc., Washington, DC.

115

Science and Nonscience Students' Ideas about Basic Astronomy Concepts in Preservice Training for Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 14-item questionnaire was given to 100 students in preservice training to become primary and secondary education faculty. Results showed that science and non-science majors held a series of misconceptions about several basic topics central to astronomy. The changes in astronomy misconceptions were analyzed by means of a written questionnaire…

Kalkan, Huseyin; Kiroglu, Kasim

2007-01-01

116

A Curriculum Framework for Geographical Information Science (GISc) Training at South African Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geographical information science (GISc) is one of the fastest growing industries worldwide. Being a relatively new discipline, universities often provide training as part of geography, surveying, town planning, environmental and computer science programmes. This complicates professional accreditation assessments as the content, outcomes, extent…

du Plessis, H.; van Niekerk, A.

2012-01-01

117

Transition to Kindergarten. NCEDL Spotlights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting recent research findings indicating that commonly used transition practices may not be well-suited to the needs of children and families, this report summarizes educational policy issues related to the transition to kindergarten and presents recommendations for policy changes. The report notes that the transition to kindergarten and the…

National Center for Early Development & Learning, Chapel Hill, NC.

118

Mississippi Kindergarten Guidelines. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document details regulations that govern the administration of kindergarten programs in Mississippi public school districts. The guidelines are prefaced by a list of members of the K-3 Reading Work Group, who reviewed the regulations; a list of six learning principles; and the state's kindergarten philosophy with nine accompanying goals. The…

Boyd, Richard A.

119

Changing Kindergartens: Four Success Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document relates the experiences of individuals who have embraced the concept of developmentally appropriate practice in kindergarten and made the effort to translate their understandings into practice in public school settings. The book's primary authors are a kindergarten teacher, an elementary school principal, a school superintendent, and…

Goffin, Stacie G., Ed.; Stegelin, Dolores A., Ed.

120

Kindergarten Goals for the Seventies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an outline of kindergarten goals for the seventies along with specific suggestions for supporting classroom activities. The kindergarten goals are divided into four developmental areas: (1) Cognitive or Intellectual Development (with emphasis on concept development, or "content skills" and mastery or "process skills"); (2)…

Yawkey, Thomas D.; Silvern, Steven B.

121

Pre-Kindergarten Teachers' Use of Transition Practices and Children's Adjustment to Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes pre-kindergarten teachers' use of kindergarten transition practices and examined the extent to which these practices were associated with kindergarten teachers' judgments of children's social, self-regulatory, and academic skills upon their entry into kindergarten. Participants were 722 children from 214 pre-kindergarten

LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Downer, Jason T.; Pianta, Robert C.

2008-01-01

122

Art and science: how musical training shapes the brain.  

PubMed

What makes a musician? In this review, we discuss innate and experience-dependent factors that mold the musician brain in addition to presenting new data in children that indicate that some neural enhancements in musicians unfold with continued training over development. We begin by addressing effects of training on musical expertise, presenting neural, perceptual, and cognitive evidence to support the claim that musicians are shaped by their musical training regimes. For example, many musician-advantages in the neural encoding of sound, auditory perception, and auditory-cognitive skills correlate with their extent of musical training, are not observed in young children just initiating musical training, and differ based on the type of training pursued. Even amidst innate characteristics that contribute to the biological building blocks that make up the musician, musicians demonstrate further training-related enhancements through extensive education and practice. We conclude by reviewing evidence from neurobiological and epigenetic approaches to frame biological markers of musicianship in the context of interactions between genetic and experience-related factors. PMID:24137142

Barrett, Karen Chan; Ashley, Richard; Strait, Dana L; Kraus, Nina

2013-01-01

123

Art and science: how musical training shapes the brain  

PubMed Central

What makes a musician? In this review, we discuss innate and experience-dependent factors that mold the musician brain in addition to presenting new data in children that indicate that some neural enhancements in musicians unfold with continued training over development. We begin by addressing effects of training on musical expertise, presenting neural, perceptual, and cognitive evidence to support the claim that musicians are shaped by their musical training regimes. For example, many musician-advantages in the neural encoding of sound, auditory perception, and auditory-cognitive skills correlate with their extent of musical training, are not observed in young children just initiating musical training, and differ based on the type of training pursued. Even amidst innate characteristics that contribute to the biological building blocks that make up the musician, musicians demonstrate further training-related enhancements through extensive education and practice. We conclude by reviewing evidence from neurobiological and epigenetic approaches to frame biological markers of musicianship in the context of interactions between genetic and experience-related factors.

Barrett, Karen Chan; Ashley, Richard; Strait, Dana L.; Kraus, Nina

2013-01-01

124

Kentucky Kindergartens: Guidelines, Recommendations, and Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the principles and recommendations underlying the design of curricula for Kentucky's kindergarten children. Contents focus on (1) characteristics of the kindergarten child; (2) assessment of the kindergarten child; (3) recording, reporting, and evaluating; (4) the exceptional kindergarten child, with particular attention…

Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort. Div. of Program Development.

125

The Perceptions of Kindergarten Teachers on Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceptions of 37 kindergarten teachers on kindergarten student retention as an intervention were examined. The major goals of the study were to: 1) identify kindergarten teachers' perceptions of retention, 2) examine differences in reported perceptions of kindergarten student retention as an intervention by certified versus noncertified…

Okpala, Comfort O.

2007-01-01

126

A Kinder-Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A science fair might be the last thing you think of when planning a kindergarten science curriculum, but the authors found it to be the perfect avenue for teaching their students science-process skills. Here they share their steps in teaching science-process skills and assembling student projects in a kindergarten classroom throughout the year.…

Torres, Angelica; Vitti, Debbye

2007-01-01

127

Preparing Preschoolers for Kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this study, we examine the nature of teacher belief systems regarding preparing children for kindergarten using teacher-level\\u000a data collected for 103 diverse early education programs serving low-income and linguistic minority preschool\\u000a \\u000a -age children in Los Angeles County that were part of the Los Angeles: Exploring Children’s Early Learning Settings (LA ExCELS)\\u000a study. Three main program types are represented: public

Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo; Allison Sidle Fuligni; Lynn A. Karoly

128

Perfectly Penguins: A WebQuest for Kindergarten  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This WebQuest introduces kindergarten students to penguins. They will read about five types of penguins using online resources, draw pictures, write a song or poem, and present their information to the class. The lesson is interdisciplinary, combining life science learning, literacy, and visual and performing arts. A teacher's page is included, with necessary resources, evaluation materials, and alignments to standards.

Miller, Betty L.

129

Science Cadre Training in Russia and Abroad (A Comparative Analysis)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today the scientific potential of any country, its science cadres, the volume and scale of the research being conducted, the number of science centers, the quality and subject matter of the research, the level of the material and technical equipment of its research laboratories, and other aspects constitute a most important factor in ensuring…

Ismailov, E. E.

2010-01-01

130

Education and Training in Mapping Sciences: A Working Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of 720 items in the mapping sciences is presented alphabetically by author. The term 'mapping sciences' has been interpreted in a catholic sense, to cover the varied aspects of the three main elements, surveying, photogrammetry, and cartography, as well as their subdivisions and combinations. Map librarianship, professional…

Steward, Harry

131

A Language-Sensitive Science Teacher Training Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Primary Science Program's (PSP) 12-step approach to teacher development. Components of the framework are used consistently throughout South Africa in PSP INSET workshops. One desired outcome is that teachers will design tasks that develop both language and science skills. (Author/VWL)

Diamondidis, Elaine; Shaheen, Manal

1998-01-01

132

Training Teachers to Use Food to Teach Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2006, every science department chair in U.S. public, private, and parochial high schools received information on food science, including a DVD, poster, and experiment guide developed by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), IFT Foundation, and Discovery Education. To promote the experiments and to encourage implementation of the…

Schaich-Rogers, Barbara

2007-01-01

133

Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training (get Smart): a Model for Preparing Girls in Science and Engineering Disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, it is postulated that the development of a successful training program for women in science, math, engineering, and technology (SMET) disciplines is dependent upon a combination of several factors, including (a) career orientation: commitment to SMET as a career, reasons for pursuing SMET as a career, and opportunity to pursue a SMET career; (b) knowledge of SMET:

P. Ruby Mawasha; Paul C. Lam; John Vesalo; Ronda Leitch; Stacey Rice

2001-01-01

134

Participation in and Views Concerning Inservice Training Among High School Science and Mathematics Teachers in Israel - A Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the participation of secondary school mathematics and science teachers in inservice training activities in Israel. Results indicate the majority of inservice training participation occurs during summer months with little involvement, other than reading, occurring during the school year. (SL)

Kagan, Martin H.; Tamir, Pinchas

1977-01-01

135

Kindergarten Teachers: Public and Private School Teachers of the Kindergarten Class of 1998-99.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report examines aspects of the kindergarten experience through a national profile of teachers of the kindergarten class of 1998-99 in the United States. It presents data collected from questionnaires completed by 3,102 kindergarten teachers participa...

E. Germino-Hausken J. Walston A. H. Rathbun

2004-01-01

136

The Impact of Teaching Assistants on Student Retention in the Sciences: Lessons for TA Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Attrition from the sciences remains a national problem. This article presents results from a survey of over 2,100 undergraduates that, contrary to previous research, suggests that teaching assistants (TAs) influence student retention in the sciences in multiple ways. Multiple linear regression (MLR) and student comments suggest that TAs influence lab climate, course grades, and students' knowledge of science careers, all of which have an effect on students' decisions to stay in or leave the sciences. The article concludes with recommendations for TA training, mentoring, and management to positively impact student retention.

O'Neal, Christopher; Cook, Constance; Purkiss, Joel; Wright, Mary; Perorazio, Tom

2007-03-01

137

The science of cycling: physiology and training - part 1.  

PubMed

The aim of this review is to provide greater insight and understanding regarding the scientific nature of cycling. Research findings are presented in a practical manner for their direct application to cycling. The two parts of this review provide information that is useful to athletes, coaches and exercise scientists in the prescription of training regimens, adoption of exercise protocols and creation of research designs. Here for the first time, we present rationale to dispute prevailing myths linked to erroneous concepts and terminology surrounding the sport of cycling. In some studies, a review of the cycling literature revealed incomplete characterisation of athletic performance, lack of appropriate controls and small subject numbers, thereby complicating the understanding of the cycling research. Moreover, a mixture of cycling testing equipment coupled with a multitude of exercise protocols stresses the reliability and validity of the findings. Our scrutiny of the literature revealed key cycling performance-determining variables and their training-induced metabolic responses. The review of training strategies provides guidelines that will assist in the design of aerobic and anaerobic training protocols. Paradoxically, while maximal oxygen uptake (V-O(2max)) is generally not considered a valid indicator of cycling performance when it is coupled with other markers of exercise performance (e.g. blood lactate, power output, metabolic thresholds and efficiency/economy), it is found to gain predictive credibility. The positive facets of lactate metabolism dispel the 'lactic acid myth'. Lactate is shown to lower hydrogen ion concentrations rather than raise them, thereby retarding acidosis. Every aspect of lactate production is shown to be advantageous to cycling performance. To minimise the effects of muscle fatigue, the efficacy of employing a combination of different high cycling cadences is evident. The subconscious fatigue avoidance mechanism 'teleoanticipation' system serves to set the tolerable upper limits of competitive effort in order to assure the athlete completion of the physical challenge. Physiological markers found to be predictive of cycling performance include: (i) power output at the lactate threshold (LT2); (ii) peak power output (W(peak)) indicating a power/weight ratio of > or =5.5 W/kg; (iii) the percentage of type I fibres in the vastus lateralis; (iv) maximal lactate steady-state, representing the highest exercise intensity at which blood lactate concentration remains stable; (v) W(peak) at LT2; and (vi) W(peak) during a maximal cycling test. Furthermore, the unique breathing pattern, characterised by a lack of tachypnoeic shift, found in professional cyclists may enhance the efficiency and metabolic cost of breathing. The training impulse is useful to characterise exercise intensity and load during training and competition. It serves to enable the cyclist or coach to evaluate the effects of training strategies and may well serve to predict the cyclist's performance. Findings indicate that peripheral adaptations in working muscles play a more important role for enhanced submaximal cycling capacity than central adaptations. Clearly, relatively brief but intense sprint training can enhance both glycolytic and oxidative enzyme activity, maximum short-term power output and V-O(2max). To that end, it is suggested to replace approximately 15% of normal training with one of the interval exercise protocols. Tapering, through reduction in duration of training sessions or the frequency of sessions per week while maintaining intensity, is extremely effective for improvement of cycling time-trial performance. Overuse and over-training disabilities common to the competitive cyclist, if untreated, can lead to delayed recovery. PMID:15831059

Faria, Erik W; Parker, Daryl L; Faria, Irvin E

2005-01-01

138

A case study of alternatively trained science teachers: Attainment of pedagogical content knowledge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Elements essential to effective teaching are closely aligned with the domains of a teacher's pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) (Park & Oliver, 2008). Often, alternatively trained teachers enter the teaching profession lacking exposure to pedagogical events that allow these educators opportunities to reflect on their practice and construction of their PCK (Friedrichsen et al., 2007); yet little is known about the knowledge of experienced alternatively trained educators and the complexities associated with their PCK development. The purpose of this study was to describe the nature and sources of alternatively trained secondary school science teachers' PCK after gaining classroom experience. The Park and Oliver (2008) hexagon PCK model was used as the theoretical framework. A case study of two experienced secondary science teachers at a school in the southeastern region of the United States was conducted. Data were collected from multiple sources, such as interviews, classroom observations, participant field journals, lesson plans, classroom assignments, classroom assessments, and researcher's field notes. Data analysis was conducted using the constant comparative method, qualitative deductive analysis, and a content representation. The results showed that experienced alternatively trained science teachers' PCK development was heavily influenced by each teacher's orientation to science teaching. Alternatively trained science teachers compensated for their lack of pedagogical training by relying heavily upon their content knowledge, their knowledge of students, and past experiences. Even after gaining years of experience in a school setting, alternatively trained teachers still lacked familiarity with traditional educational terminology and practices, rather relying upon instructional approaches and techniques independently acquired while each teacher was in "survival" mode. This study provides several implications for teacher preparation, research, and policy.

Duncan, Benjamin R.

139

A framework for training health professionals in implementation and dissemination science.  

PubMed

The authors describe a conceptual framework for implementation and dissemination science (IDS) and propose competencies for IDS training. Their framework is designed to facilitate the application of theories and methods from the distinct domains of clinical disciplines (e.g., medicine, public health), population sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology), and translational disciplines (e.g., social and behavioral sciences, business administration education). They explore three principles that guided the development of their conceptual framework: Behavior change among organizations and/or individuals (providers, patients) is inherent in the translation process; engagement of stakeholder organizations, health care delivery systems, and individuals is imperative to achieve effective translation and sustained improvements; and IDS research is iterative, benefiting from cycles and collaborative, bidirectional relationships. The authors propose seven domains for IDS training-team science, context identification, literature identification and assessment, community engagement, intervention design and research implementation, evaluation of effect of translational activity, behavioral change communication strategies-and define 12 IDS training competencies within these domains. As a model, they describe specific courses introduced at the University of California, San Francisco, which they designed to develop these competencies. The authors encourage other training programs and institutions to use or adapt the design principles, conceptual framework, and proposed competencies to evaluate their current IDS training needs and to support new program development. PMID:22373617

Gonzales, Ralph; Handley, Margaret A; Ackerman, Sara; O?sullivan, Patricia S

2012-03-01

140

Training for life science experiments in space at the NASA Ames Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As this country prepares for exploration to other planets, the need to understand the affects of long duration exposure to microgravity is evident. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center's Space Life Sciences Payloads Office is responsible for a number of non-human life sciences payloads on NASA's Space Shuttle's Spacelab. Included in this responsibility is the training of those individuals who will be conducting the experiments during flight, the astronauts. Preparing a crew to conduct such experiments requires training protocols that build on simple tasks. Once a defined degree of performance proficiency is met for each task, these tasks are combined to increase the complexity of the activities. As tasks are combined into in-flight operations, they are subjected to time constraints and the crew enhances their skills through repetition. The science objectives must be completely understood by the crew and are critical to the overall training program. Completion of the in-flight activities is proof of success. Because the crew is exposed to the background of early research and plans for post-flight analyses, they have a vested interest in the flight activities. The salient features of this training approach is that it allows for flexibility in implementation, consideration of individual differences, and a greater ability to retain experiment information. This training approach offers another effective alternative training tool to existing methodologies.

Rodrigues, Annette T.; Maese, A. Christopher

1993-01-01

141

National Institutes of Health: Science Education: Research & Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) have created high-quality digital content for scientists, teachers, and the general public for over a decade. This particular area of their website brings together some of their ambitious projects, including the Microscope Imaging Station and materials from their Office of Science Education. First up is the Microscope Imaging Station (developed in part with assistance from the Exploratorium in San Francisco) where visitors can use the virtual "station" to learn about immune cells and sea urchins that are "bent on destruction". In the "Office of Science Education" section of the site, visitors will find fact sheets, lesson plans, and posters that deal with 41 different topics, including bioethics and the digestive system. There are six other sections here, including "Environmental Health Science Education" and "Health & Education". The site is rounded out by an inspiration message for high school graduates by the current NIH directory, Dr. Francis Collins.

142

Science centers in Australia provide valuable training for preservice teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes an innovation in teacher education designed to increase the confidence of preservice teachers in their ability to instruct elementary children in hands-on science. The program relied on small group teaching experiences at an on-campus interactive science center to provide preservice teachers with controlled instructional experiences. The findings showed that the program at the science center achieved its aims and benefitted the preservice teachers involved. Interview data suggest that working in peer groups was also a significant factor and supports previous research conducted at the San Francisco Exploratorium. Follow-up research is now needed to determine if supportive peer groups of preservice teachers are needed in order to achieve desirable outcomes.

Ferry, Brian

1995-09-01

143

Low-Cost Science and Technology Materials at Kindergarten Level (Examples of National Institutions of Democratic People's Republic of Korea, People's Republic of China and Brasilia).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing attention is being paid today to the place of science in general education at the preprimary, primary, and secondary levels. Educational authorities and specialists in many countries throughout the world agree about the important role that science should and can play in the context of education, but specific aims and objectives must be…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Primary Educ., Literacy & Adult Educ., Educ. in Rural Areas

144

Kindergarten Math Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides examples of Kindergarten Number (Counting and Cardinality, Operations and Algebraic Thinking, and Number and Operations in Base Ten) activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. A CCSS standard is stated and the possible activities are listed below and linked. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. Instructions for each task are typed in large print and written in child-friendly language to enable students to work on activities independently after a brief introduction to the task. All files listed are in PDF format.

Godwin, Nicola

2012-01-01

145

GAVRT and Radio Jove: Partners in K-12 Science Teacher Training  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Goldstone Apple-Valley Radio Telescope (GAVRT) program (http://www.lewiscenter.org/gavrt) and The Radio Jove Project (http://radiojove.gsfc.nasa.gov) have a recent partnership to train K-14 teachers to use radio astronomy telescopes as vehicles for science education. The partnership is part of the NASA Juno mission to Jupiter (2011 launch) education and outreach program. Teachers attend training workshops to operate a 34-meter radio telescope and/or build or operate their own simple radio telescope, both of which can be used directly in the classroom. Corresponding lesson plans and curriculum material are available on the websites. Three teacher training workshops for the GAVRT/Jove program were held in 2010 and the results of the training and usage in the classroom will be reviewed. We plan to expand teacher opportunities in 2011 by offering web-based training programs.

Higgins, C. A.; Thieman, J. R.; Nakamura, B.; Dorcey, R.

2010-12-01

146

Computerizing reading training: Evaluation of a latent semantic analysis space for science text  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a domain-specific latent semantic analysis (LSA) in assessing reading strategies was examined. Students\\u000a were given self-explanation reading training (SERT) and asked to think aloud after each sentence in a science text. Novice\\u000a and expert human raters and two LSA spaces (general reading, science) rated the similarity of each think-aloud protocol to\\u000a benchmarks representing three different reading strategies

Christopher A. Kurby; Katja Wiemer-Hastings; Nagasai Ganduri; Joseph P. Magliano; Keith K. Millis; Danielle S. McNamara

2003-01-01

147

Handheld technology acceptance in radiologic science education and training programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to explore the behavioral intention of directors of educational programs in the radiologic sciences to adopt handheld devices to aid in managing student clinical data. Handheld devices were described to participants as a technology representing a class of mobile electronic devices including, but not limited to, personal digital assistants such as a Palm TX, Apple iPod Touch, Apple iPad or Hewlett Packard iPaq, and cellular or smartphones with third generation mobile capabilities such as an Apple iPhone, Blackberry or Android device. The study employed a non-experimental, cross-sectional survey design to determine the potential of adopting handheld technologies based on the constructs of Davis's (1989) Technology Acceptance Model. An online self-report questionnaire survey instrument was used to gather study data from 551 entry level radiologic science programs specializing in radiography, radiation therapy, nuclear medicine and medical sonography. The study design resulted in a single point in time assessment of the relationship between the primary constructs of the Technology Acceptance Model: perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use, and the behavioral intention of radiography program directors to adopt the information technology represented by hand held devices. Study results provide justification for investing resources to promote the adoption of mobile handheld devices in radiologic science programs and study findings serve as a foundation for further research involving technology adoption in the radiologic sciences.

Powers, Kevin Jay

148

Structural Science Laboratory Supplement. High-Technology Training Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, a laboratory supplement on the theory of bending and properties of sections, is part of a first-year, postsecondary structural science technical support course for architectural drafting and design. The first part of this two-part supplement is directed at the instructor and includes the following sections: program objectives; course…

Luthens, Roger

149

Improving Principals' Peformance through Training in the Decision Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-nine principals, classified according to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, filled out quesionnaires based on Vroom's leadership behavior model and Mintzberg's 10 manageral subroles. Because the findings correlate effectiveness with time allotted to disturbance handling and entrepreneurial roles, three recent decision-science techniques are…

Brightman, Harvey J.

1984-01-01

150

Computer Science Literacy Training for Educators: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance aspects of three samples (N=58) of students enrolled in computer science literacy courses for educators were studied. The person-environment congruence concept of Holland's model of vocational behavior was used to predict class performance. The model uses a classification system which arranges six vocational types in a hexagonal…

Winer, Jane L.; Strauss, Monty J.

151

Application of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training in the Physical Sciences and Engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Integrity is a critical determinant of the effectiveness of research organizations in terms of producing high quality research and educating the new generation of scientists. A number of responsible conduct of research (RCR) training programs have been developed to address this growing organizational concern. However, in spite of a significant body of research in ethics training, it is still unknown which approach has the highest potential to enhance researchers' integrity. One of the approaches showing some promise in improving researchers' integrity has focused on the development of ethical decision-making skills. The current effort proposes a novel curriculum that focuses on broad metacognitive reasoning strategies researchers use when making sense of day-to-day social and professional practices that have ethical implications for the physical sciences and engineering. This sensemaking training has been implemented in a professional sample of scientists conducting research in electrical engineering, atmospheric and computer sciences at a large multi-cultural, multi-disciplinary, and multi-university research center. A pre-post design was used to assess training effectiveness using scenario-based ethical decision-making measures. The training resulted in enhanced ethical decision-making of researchers in relation to four ethical conduct areas, namely data management, study conduct, professional practices, and business practices. In addition, sensemaking training led to researchers' preference for decisions involving the application of the broad metacognitive reasoning strategies. Individual trainee and training characteristics were used to explain the study findings. Broad implications of the findings for ethics training development, implementation, and evaluation in the sciences are discussed.

Kligyte, Vykinta; Marcy, Richard T.; Waples, Ethan P.; Sevier, Sydney T.; Godfrey, Elaine S.; Mumford, Michael D.; Hougen, Dean F.

2008-06-01

152

U.S. Science and Technology--Its Impact on Trade and Industry Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational education must train students in a way that capitalizes on their potential while preparing them with the skills needed for the jobs being created through advances in science and technology. The impact of technological change has been to challenge education to ease the transition of displaced workers and to accommodate entries.…

Pelletier, Alfred W.

153

Teaching Citizen Science Skills Online: Implications for Invasive Species Training Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizen science programs are emerging as an efficient way to increase data collection and help monitor invasive species. Effective invasive species monitoring requires rigid data quality assurances if expensive control efforts are to be guided by volunteer data. To achieve data quality, effective online training is needed to improve field skills and reach large numbers of remote sentinel volunteers critical

Greg Newman; Alycia Crall; Melinda Laituri; Jim Graham; Tom Stohlgren; John C. Moore; Kris Kodrich; Kirstin A. Holfelder

2010-01-01

154

Training Student-Teachers in the Use of Computers in Science Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study a program for using computers in science classrooms was developed and implemented in a preservice training course for secondary biology teachers (N=31; 8 males and 23 females) in Israel. The effects on student teachers' attitudes were investigated. The program included a sequence of activities in which student teachers became…

Huppert, Jehuda; Lazarowitz, Reuven

155

Student science enrichment training program. Progress report, June 1, 1991May 31, 1992  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically Black Colleges and Universities wing of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) provided funds to Claflin College, Orangeburg, S.C. To conduct a student Science Enrichment Training Program for a period of six weeks during 1991 summer. Thirty participants were selected from a pool of applicants, generated by the High School Seniors and Juniors and the Freshmen class of

Sandhu

1992-01-01

156

Student Science Enrichment Training Program. Progress report for 1 June 1992--31 May 1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically the Black Colleges and Universities wing of the US Department of Energy (DOE) provided funds to Claflin College, Orangeburg, S.C. to conduct a student Science Enrichment Training Program for a period of six weeks during 1990 summer. Fifty participants were selected from a pool of 130 applicants, generated by the High School Seniors and Juniors and the Freshmen class

Sandhu

1993-01-01

157

Teaching Citizen Science Skills Online: Implications for Invasive Species Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizen science programs are emerging as an efficient way to increase data collection and help monitor invasive species. Effective invasive species monitoring requires rigid data quality assurances if expensive control efforts are to be guided by volunteer data. To achieve data quality, effective online training is needed to improve field skills…

Newman, Greg; Crall, Alycia; Laituri, Melinda; Graham, Jim; Stohlgren, Tom; Moore, John C.; Kodrich, Kris; Holfelder, Kirstin A.

2010-01-01

158

Using the Patient as Teacher: A Training Method for Family Practice Residents in Behavioral Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the inception of family medicine as a specialty in allopathy and osteopathy in 1969 and 1973, respectively, there has been a need to develop integrative approaches of teaching behavioral science concepts without violating the scope of practice limitations between the fields. We describe a collaborative training method by which we attempt to achieve this balance. Residents referring patients for

Janis L. Lewis; DeVon R. Stokes; Lawrence R. Fischetti; Aaron L. Rutledge

1988-01-01

159

NASA Applied Sciences' DEVELOP National Program: Training the Next Generation of Remote Sensing Scientists  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since its inception over a decade ago, the DEVELOP National Program has provided students with experience in utilizing and integrating satellite remote sensing data into real world-applications. In 1998, DEVELOP began with three students and has evolved into a nationwide internship program with over 200 students participating each year. DEVELOP is a NASA Applied Sciences training and development program extending NASA Earth science research and technology to society. Part of the NASA Science Mission Directorate s Earth Science Division, the Applied Sciences Program focuses on bridging the gap between NASA technology and the public by conducting projects that innovatively use NASA Earth science resources to research environmental issues. Project outcomes focus on assisting communities to better understand environmental change over time. This is accomplished through research with global, national, and regional partners to identify the widest array of practical uses of NASA data. DEVELOP students conduct research in areas that examine how NASA science can better serve society. Projects focus on practical applications of NASA s Earth science research results. Each project is designed to address at least one of the Applied Sciences focus areas, use NASA s Earth observation sources and meet partners needs. DEVELOP research teams partner with end-users and organizations who use project results for policy analysis and decision support, thereby extending the benefits of NASA science and technology to the public.

Childs, Lauren; Brozen, Madeline; Hillyer, Nelson

2010-01-01

160

Training in Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dutch researchers investigated the effects of Obuchova's method of teaching measurement to kindergarten children with no knowledge of conservation or seriation. Results indicated training was highly effective. Skills were transferred to conservation tasks not taught in training. Transfer to concepts not included in training was also observed. (SM)

Tomic, Welko; And Others

1993-01-01

161

History and Development of Kindergarten in California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report reviews the history of kindergarten in California. It is an interesting story in its own right, one in which several women in California pioneered the kindergarten concept and contributed to a nationwide movement. The report puts current polic...

P. L. de Cos

2001-01-01

162

Predicting Learning Disabilities from Kindergarten Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study to determine whether learning disabilities can be predicted from kindergarten teachers' anecdotal reports, 37 boys later diagnosed as learning disabled, were selected and their kindergarten class identified. (Author/MC)

Cowgill, Mary Lu; And Others

1973-01-01

163

Integrating Research Into Clinical Internship Training Bridging the Science/Practice Gap in Pediatric Psychology  

PubMed Central

Existing literature highlights a critical gap between science and practice in clinical psychology. The internship year is a “capstone experience”; training in methods of scientific evaluation should be integrated with the development of advanced clinical competencies. We provide a rationale for continued exposure to research during the clinical internship year, including, (a) critical examination and integration of the literature regarding evidence-based treatment and assessment, (b) participation in faculty-based and independent research, and (c) orientation to the science and strategy of grantsmanship. Participation in research provides exposure to new empirical models and can foster the development of applied research questions. Orientation to grantsmanship can yield an initial sense of the “business of science.” Internship provides an important opportunity to examine the challenges to integrating the clinical evidence base into professional practice; for that reason, providing research exposure on internship is an important strategy in training the next generation of pediatric psychologists.

Spirito, Anthony

2012-01-01

164

Promoting an Integrated Science Approach in Teacher Training Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Rio Grande Valley of Texas presents a unique opportunity for teacher workshops. First of all, it is separated geographically from major Texas metropolitan areas and it is still primarily rural with relatively small cities and the population is predominantly Hispanic. Teacher workshop offerings in the valley are limited and the teachers usually travel at their own expense to larger cities such as Corpus Christi, San Antonio or Houston to enhance their science background. A few years ago we were prompted by Javier Garcia to offer a workshop at the University of Texas at Brownsville. For three consecutive summers, with NASA funding and support, we taught a one week integrated science teacher workshop at the University of Texas at Brownsville. The workshop is nontraditional, as we do not concentrate on a single scientific discipline such as geology, physics but cover the broader scientific disciplines. Each day is devoted to a separate field, i.e. physics, terrestrial geology, space geology, etc. The topics can vary from year to year. Scientists are brought to Brownsville from the greater Houston area and represent the University of Houston-Downtown, Rice University, Texas Southern University and Johnson Space Center. All sessions are inquiry based and include short introductions to subjects and interactive activities that can be adapted to a variety of age groups. For example, the relationship between Earth and Moon is a crucial state middle school education standard. We begin the Earth/Moon activities with standard inquiry activities such as using flashlights to create phases of the Moon and eclipses, and extend the activities to higher mathematical levels through calculations of the height of lunar features through measuring shadow lengths, and discussion of space weather concerns for lunar exploration. As a way to illustrate the contrast between the Earth and the Moon, we show our planetarium show "Earth's Wild Ride", which is set on a lunar colony, as a start for discussion on lunar versus earth surfaces, atmospheres, and skies. The program has been a success as teachers, which have included grades 4-12, can choose the subjects. Some elect to attend the whole week while others may attend only 1 or 2 days. The advantage to this type of program is that it is easily adaptable to the science requirements for the various grade levels and it provides flexibility as some teachers are traveling 2-3 hours by automobile to attend. Thus by bringing both scientists and a planetarium to the Valley, we provide a "field trip without the bus".

Morris, P. A.; Reiff, P.; Garcia, J.; McKay, G. A.

2007-12-01

165

Phonological awareness in kindergarten: a field study in Luxembourgish schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of a phonological awareness training program in the specific\\u000a context of the Luxembourgish educational system. The intervention was run by the kindergarten teachers in their classes with\\u000a minimal external supervision. Forty-one classes of the area around Luxembourg City participated in the study. One hundred\\u000a and fifty children from 20

Sylvie Bodé

2011-01-01

166

Transition to Kindergarten: Family Experiences and Involvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to kindergarten is an important developmental milestone for young children, their families, and teachers. Preparing students for successful kindergarten transition has been identified as a national priority, yet the degree to which parents are involved in kindergarten preparation is rarely considered. This study investigated the…

McIntyre, Laura Lee; Eckert, Tanya L.; Fiese, Barbara H.; DiGennaro, Florence D.; Wildenger, Leah K.

2007-01-01

167

Student Science Enrichment Training Program. Progress report for 1 June 1992--31 May 1993  

SciTech Connect

Historically the Black Colleges and Universities wing of the US Department of Energy (DOE) provided funds to Claflin College, Orangeburg, S.C. to conduct a student Science Enrichment Training Program for a period of six weeks during 1990 summer. Fifty participants were selected from a pool of 130 applicants, generated by the High School Seniors and Juniors and the Freshmen class of 1989--90 at Claflin College. The program primarily focused on high ability students, with potential for Science, Mathematics and Engineering Careers. The major objectives of the program were (1) to increase the pool of well qualified college-entering minority students who will elect to go in Physical Science and Engineering and (2) to increase the enrollment in Chemistry and Preprofessional -- Pre-Med, Pre-Dent. etc -- majors at Claflin College by including the Claflin students to participate in summer academic program. The summer academic program consisted of Chemistry and Computer Science training. The program placed emphasis upon laboratory experience and research. Visits to Scientific and Industrial laboratories were arranged. Guest speakers drawn from academia, industry and several federal agencies, addressed the participants on the future role of Science in the industrial growth of United States of America. The guest speakers also acted as role models for the participants. Several videos and films, emphasizing the role of Science in human life, were also screened.

Sandhu, S.S.

1993-05-10

168

Integrating Science Communication Training and Public Outreach Activities into the Juneau Icefield Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creating better linkages between scientific research activities and the general public relies on developing the science communication skills of upcoming generations of geoscientists. Despite the valuable role of science outreach, education, and communication activities, few graduate and even fewer undergraduate science departments and programs actively foster the development of these skills. The Juneau Icefield Research Program (JIRP) was established in 1946 to train and engage primarily undergraduate students in the geosciences, field research skills, and to prepare students for careers in extreme and remote environments. During the course of the 8-week summer program, students make the 125-mile traverse across the Juneau Icefield from Juneau, Alaska to Atlin, British Columbia. Along the way, students receive hands on experience in field research methods, lectures from scientists across several disciplines, and develop and carry out individual research projects. Until the summer of 2012, a coordinated science communication training and field-based outreach campaign has not been a part of the program. During the 2012 Juneau Icefield Research Program, 15 undergraduate and graduate students from across the United States and Canada participated in JIRP. Throughout the 2-month field season, students contributed blog text, photos, and videos to a blog hosted at GlacierChange.org. In addition to internet outreach, students presented their independent research projects to public audiences in Atlin, British Columbia and Juneau, Alaska. To prepare students for completing these activities, several lectures in science communication and outreach related skills were delivered throughout the summer. The lectures covered the reasons to engage in outreach, science writing, photography, and delivering public presentations. There is no internet connection on the Icefield, few computers, and outreach materials were primarily sent out using existing helicopter support. The successes and challenges to integrating a science communication training program and outreach campaign into a field-based program were documented using ethnographic methods and student surveys. The results and lessons learned provide an avenue to explore the methods by which to integrate science communication training into remote, field-based, research training programs.

Timm, K.; Kavanaugh, J. L.; Beedle, M. J.

2012-12-01

169

Prevention science, drug abuse prevention, and Life Skills Training: Comments on the state of the science  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been tremendous growth in the field of prevention science over the past two decades. The defining features of contemporary prevention science are high quality empirical research using rigorous and well-established scientific methods, careful hyphothesis testing, and the systematic accumulation of knowledge. One area where substantial progress has been made is in our understanding of the etiology and prevention

Gilbert J. Botvin; Kenneth W. Griffin

2005-01-01

170

Teaching citizen science skills online: Implications for invasive species training programs  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Citizen science programs are emerging as an efficient way to increase data collection and help monitor invasive species. Effective invasive species monitoring requires rigid data quality assurances if expensive control efforts are to be guided by volunteer data. To achieve data quality, effective online training is needed to improve field skills and reach large numbers of remote sentinel volunteers critical to early detection and rapid response. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of online static and multimedia tutorials to teach citizen science volunteers (n = 54) how to identify invasive plants; establish monitoring plots; measure percent cover; and use Global Positioning System (GPS) units. Participants trained using static and multimedia tutorials provided less (p <.001) correct species identifications (63% and 67%) than did professionals (83%) across all species, but they did not differ (p =.125) between each other. However, their ability to identify conspicuous species was comparable to that of professionals. The variability in percent plant cover estimates between static (??10%) and multimedia (??13%) participants did not differ (p =.86 and.08, respectively) from those of professionals (??9%). Trained volunteers struggled with plot setup and GPS skills. Overall, the online approach used did not influence conferred field skills and abilities. Traditional or multimedia online training augmented with more rigorous, repeated, and hands-on, in-person training in specialized skills required for more difficult tasks will likely improve volunteer abilities, data quality, and overall program effectiveness. ?? Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Newman, G.; Crall, A.; Laituri, M.; Graham, J.; Stohlgren, T.; Moore, J. C.; Kodrich, K.; Holfelder, K. A.

2010-01-01

171

A Kindergarten Writing Workshop: How Kindergarten Students Grow as Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on performance, processes, and attitudes of 19 kindergarten students who participated in a semester of process writing and instructional activities, asking whether kindergartners can effectively engage in a writing workshop on a sustained basis. Indicates process writing instruction allowed students to show appreciable, measurable gains in…

Hertz, Marjorie; Heydenberk, Warren

1997-01-01

172

Implementation Research in Mental Health Services: an Emerging Science with Conceptual, Methodological, and Training challenges  

PubMed Central

One of the most critical issues in mental health services research is the gap between what is known about effective treatment and what is provided to consumers in routine care. Concerted efforts are required to advance implementation science and produce skilled implementation researchers. This paper seeks to advance implementation science in mental health services by over viewing the emergence of implementation as an issue for research, by addressing key issues of language and conceptualization, by presenting a heuristic skeleton model for the study of implementation processes, and by identifying the implications for research and training in this emerging field.

Landsverk, John; Aarons, Gregory; Chambers, David; Glisson, Charles; Mittman, Brian

2013-01-01

173

Enhancing visuospatial performance through video game training to increase learning in visuospatial science domains.  

PubMed

Although previous research has demonstrated that performance on visuospatial assessments can be enhanced through relevant experience, an unaddressed question is whether such experience also produces a similar increase in target domains (such as science learning) where visuospatial abilities are directly relevant for performance. In the present study, participants completed either spatial or nonspatial training via interaction with video games and were then asked to read and learn about the geologic topic of plate tectonics. Results replicate the benefit of playing appropriate video games in enhancing visuospatial performance and demonstrate that this facilitation also manifests itself in learning science topics that are visuospatial in nature. This novel result suggests that visuospatial training not only can impact performance on measures of spatial functioning, but also can affect performance in content areas in which these abilities are utilized. PMID:22037919

Sanchez, Christopher A

2012-02-01

174

Training Trainers in health and human rights: Implementing curriculum change in South African health sciences institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The complicity of the South African health sector in apartheid and the international relevance of human rights as a professional\\u000a obligation prompted moves to include human rights competencies in the curricula of health professionals in South Africa. A\\u000a Train-the-Trainers course in Health and Human Rights was established in 1998 to equip faculty members from health sciences\\u000a institutions nationwide with the

Elena G Ewert; Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven; Leslie London

2011-01-01

175

An innovative program to train health sciences researchers to be effective clinical and translational research mentors.  

PubMed

The creation of the Clinical Translational Science Awards for academic health sciences campuses in 2006 was implicitly accompanied by a call for a new paradigm of faculty development and mentoring to train the next generation of researchers and leaders in this new approach to research. Effective mentoring is critical to help early-career investigators become successful, independent researchers, and a new approach to mentoring is vital to recruit, advance, and retain fellows and junior faculty engaged in clinical and translational research. However, in addition to the many rewards of mentoring, there are numerous substantive barriers to effective mentoring. These barriers include a lack of training in how to be a mentor, lack of time and structural and financial support for mentoring, and competing personal, administrative, and clinical demands. The authors describe an innovative program, the University of California, San Francisco Mentor Development Program (MDP), established in 2006 and designed to train midcareer academic health sciences researchers to be more effective as clinical and translational research mentors. Using a framework for presenting innovations in academic research, they present the rationale, design, implementation, and mechanisms being used to evaluate and sustain the MDP. Specific details of the objectives and content of the MDP sessions are provided as well as evaluation criteria and a link to specific curriculum materials. PMID:20182122

Johnson, Mallory O; Subak, Leslee L; Brown, Jeanette S; Lee, Kathryn A; Feldman, Mitchell D

2010-03-01

176

KINDERGARTEN HANDBOOK, A SUPPLEMENTARY BULLETIN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN ORDER THAT BOTH CONTENT AND METHOD OF KINDERGARTEN TEACHING BE BROUGHT INTO HARMONY WITH THE PROGRESS OF KNOWLEDGE AND WITH CURRENT DEMANDS, CURRICULUM GUIDES SHOULD BE AVAILABLE AND CONSTANTLY UNDER REVISION. THE MATERIALS IN THIS HANDBOOK ARE GEARED TO HELP TEACHERS IN THE PERFORMANCE OF THEIR TASKS. THE DEVELOPMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF…

PATTERSON, MILDRED; AND OTHERS

177

Teaching and Learning in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and learning in kindergarten is related, on the one hand, to the principles, methods and forms of teachers' work that should optimally contribute to pre-school child development and learning, and on the other hand, to the issues of the developing their reasoning and other aspects of their personality. It is for this reason that the…

Lepicnik Vodopivec, Jurka

2010-01-01

178

Kindergarten: Authorized Resources Annotated List.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains a comprehensive, annotated resource list intended to assist teachers in selecting resources for the kindergarten classroom. The resources are listed alphabetically under the two main headings: Series and Individual Resources. A listing of suppliers, including regional resource and urban media centers, and a title/series index…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Standards Branch.

179

ESOL-SESD Guide: Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide consists of 135 lessons designed to teach English to speakers of other languages, or to teach standard English as a second dialect. Each lesson guides the kindergarten teacher through a day's activities. Each activity is identified with a heading, a brief descriptive paragraph, and an example of suggested dialogue. Lessons also list…

Petrini, Alma Maria

180

A Kinder-Science Fair  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A science fair might be the last thing you think of when planning a kindergarten science curriculum, but the authors found it to be the perfect avenue for teaching their students science-process skills. Here they share their steps in teaching science-process skills and assembling student projects in a kindergarten classroom throughout the year. The studies culminated in the year-end science fair, an event that involved parents and gave students a chance to demonstrate their developing communication skills.

Torres, Ang�lica; Vitti, Debbye

2007-12-01

181

Kindergarten Scientists: The Pot of Gold at the End of the Rainbow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this science unit, kindergarten students participate in engaging and developmentally appropriate activities as they learn about the science behind rainbows. The authors include descriptions of the standards and skills addressed by the unit, a synopsis of scientifically accurate content knowledge concerning rainbows, relevant children's…

Durbin, Diana J.; Pickett, Linda H.; Powell, Tenisha L.

2011-01-01

182

Postdoctoral Training in the Biomedical Sciences. An Evaluation of NIGMS [National Institute of General Medical Sciences] Postdoctoral Traineeship and Fellowship Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes in detail a study of postdoctoral training in biomedical sciences. Highlights of the study indicate: (1) During the 1958-70 period, 8,685 postdoctorals, equally divided between MD's and PD's, were supported by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), at a total cost of $86.5 million. (2) Directors of the…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.

183

Training Informal Educators Provides Leverage for Space Science Education and Public Outreach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

How do we reach the public with the exciting story of Solar System Exploration? How do we encourage girls to think about careers in science, math, engineering and technology? Why should NASA scientists make an effort to reach the public and informal education settings to tell the Solar System Exploration story? These are questions that the Solar System Exploration Forum, a part of the NASA Office of Space Science Education (SSE) and Public Outreach network, has tackled over the past few years. The SSE Forum is a group of education teams and scientists who work to share the excitement of solar system exploration with colleagues, formal educators, and informal educators like museums and youth groups. One major area of the SSE Forum outreach supports the training of Girl Scouts of the USA (GS) leaders and trainers in a suite of activities that reflect NASA missions and science research. Youth groups like Girl Scouts structure their activities as informal education.

Allen, J. S.; Tobola, K. W.; Betrue, R.

2004-01-01

184

Early Childhood Predictors of Post-Kindergarten Executive Function: Behavior, Parent-Report, and Psychophysiology.  

PubMed

RESEARCH FINDINGS: This study examined whether children's executive functions before kindergarten would predict variance in executive functions after kindergarten. We obtained behavioral (working memory task performance), parental-reported (temperament-based inhibitory control), and psychophysiological (working memory-related changes in heart rate and brain electrical activity) measures of executive functions from a group of preschool-aged children. After children finished kindergarten, approximately 2 years later, parents were asked to complete an assessment of children's executive function skills. A regression analysis revealed that pre-kindergarten behavioral, parental-reported, and psychophysiological measures accounted for variance in post-kindergarten executive functions. Specifically, working memory task performance, temperament-based inhibitory control, and working memory-related changes in brain electrical activity accounted for unique variance in post-kindergarten executive functions. These data provide a unique contribution to the executive function literature: No other study has examined whether behavioral, psychophysiological, and parental-reported executive function measures can account for unique variance in future executive function. PRACTICE OR POLICY: These findings are discussed in relation to children's transition to school and executive function training programs. PMID:22711983

Cuevas, Kimberly; Hubble, Morgan; Bell, Martha Ann

2012-01-01

185

Early Childhood Predictors of Post-Kindergarten Executive Function: Behavior, Parent-Report, and Psychophysiology  

PubMed Central

Research Findings This study examined whether children’s executive functions before kindergarten would predict variance in executive functions after kindergarten. We obtained behavioral (working memory task performance), parental-reported (temperament-based inhibitory control), and psychophysiological (working memory-related changes in heart rate and brain electrical activity) measures of executive functions from a group of preschool-aged children. After children finished kindergarten, approximately 2 years later, parents were asked to complete an assessment of children’s executive function skills. A regression analysis revealed that pre-kindergarten behavioral, parental-reported, and psychophysiological measures accounted for variance in post-kindergarten executive functions. Specifically, working memory task performance, temperament-based inhibitory control, and working memory-related changes in brain electrical activity accounted for unique variance in post-kindergarten executive functions. These data provide a unique contribution to the executive function literature: No other study has examined whether behavioral, psychophysiological, and parental-reported executive function measures can account for unique variance in future executive function. Practice or Policy These findings are discussed in relation to children’s transition to school and executive function training programs.

Cuevas, Kimberly; Hubble, Morgan; Bell, Martha Ann

2012-01-01

186

Nonfiction Literacy in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After an outdoor excursion hunting for a "special leaf" on a delightful fall day, students returned to the classroom and were instructed to capture the leaf on a blank page in their science notebooks. They were asked to document as many details as possible, based on their observations. The overall focus of the notebooks was for students to capture…

Novakowski, Janice

2010-01-01

187

Training Trainers in health and human rights: Implementing curriculum change in South African health sciences institutions  

PubMed Central

Background The complicity of the South African health sector in apartheid and the international relevance of human rights as a professional obligation prompted moves to include human rights competencies in the curricula of health professionals in South Africa. A Train-the-Trainers course in Health and Human Rights was established in 1998 to equip faculty members from health sciences institutions nationwide with the necessary skills, attitudes and knowledge to teach human rights to their students. This study followed up participants to determine the extent of curriculum implementation, support needed as well as barriers encountered in integrating human rights into health sciences teaching and learning. Methods A survey including both quantitative and qualitative components was distributed in 2007 to past course participants from 1998-2006 via telephone, fax and electronic communication. Results Out of 162 past participants, 46 (28%) completed the survey, the majority of whom were still employed in academic settings (67%). Twenty-two respondents (48%) implemented a total of 33 formal human rights courses into the curricula at their institutions. Respondents were nine times more likely (relative risk 9.26; 95% CI 5.14-16.66) to implement human rights education after completing the training. Seventy-two extracurricular activities were offered by 21 respondents, many of whom had successfully implemented formal curricula. Enabling factors for implementation included: prior teaching experience in human rights, general institutional support and the presence of allies - most commonly coworkers as well as deans. Frequently cited barriers to implementation included: budget restrictions, time constraints and perceived apathy of colleagues or students. Overall, respondents noted personal enrichment and optimism in teaching human rights. Conclusion This Train-the-Trainer course provides the historical context, educational tools, and collective motivation to incorporate human rights educational initiatives at health sciences institutions. Increased implementation of human rights instruction, both formally and extracurricularly, has demonstrated the training's significance not only within academic institutions but more broadly across the health sector. Coworkers are vital allies in teaching human rights to health sciences students, helping to alleviate institutional barriers. Training fellow staff members and those in key leadership roles is noted as vital to the sustainability of human rights education.

2011-01-01

188

77 FR 52702 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Institute of Education Sciences; Early Childhood...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Education Sciences; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten...Third-Grade Recruitment SUMMARY: The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten...child assessments. Like the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study,...

2012-08-30

189

Strengthening faculty recruitment for health professions training in basic sciences in zambia.  

PubMed

Zambia is facing a crisis in its human resources for health, with deficits in the number and skill mix of health workers. The University of Zambia School of Medicine (UNZA SOM) was the only medical school in the country for decades, but recently it was joined by three new medical schools-two private and one public. In addition to expanding medical education, the government has also approved several allied health programs, including pharmacy, physiotherapy, biomedical sciences, and environmental health. This expansion has been constrained by insufficient numbers of faculty. Through a grant from the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI), UNZA SOM has been investing in ways to address faculty recruitment, training, and retention. The MEPI-funded strategy involves directly sponsoring a cohort of faculty at UNZA SOM during the five-year grant, as well as establishing more than a dozen new master's programs, with the goal that all sponsored faculty are locally trained and retained. Because the issue of limited basic science faculty plagues medical schools throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, this strategy of using seed funding to build sustainable local capacity to recruit, train, and retain faculty could be a model for the region. PMID:25072591

Simuyemba, Moses; Talib, Zohray; Michelo, Charles; Mutale, Wilbroad; Zulu, Joseph; Andrews, Ben; Nzala, Selestine; Katubulushi, Max; Njelesani, Evariste; Bowa, Kasonde; Maimbolwa, Margaret; Mudenda, John; Mulla, Yakub

2014-08-01

190

Fish Facts: Science with a Splash.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a five-day science unit focusing on fish to get kindergarten students interested in science and ideas for incorporating science instruction with language arts and art instruction. (CB)

Coffey, Pat F.

1988-01-01

191

A Study of Public and Private Kindergarten and Non-Kindergarten Children in the Primary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A short history of the establishment of kindergartens in British Columbia prefaces this study of 22,000 public school children in grades one, two, and three (who had or had not attended kindergarten) in School District 39 of Vancouver and District 61 of Victoria. The effect of kindergarten attendance was evaluated as it related to (1) report card…

Conway, C. B.; And Others

192

Kindergartens Open Kindergartens: A Community-Center for Parents and Other Adults in the Neighbourhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems encountered in kindergarten in the eastern and western parts of the reunited Germany differ enormously. In the east, kindergartens and day care facilities are being closed for economic reasons; in the west, there is a lack of kindergartens and care facilities. There is a great deal of public interest in, and political controversy…

Wunderlich, Theresia

193

NASA Virtual Glovebox: An Immersive Virtual Desktop Environment for Training Astronauts in Life Science Experiments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Station will soon provide an unparalleled research facility for studying the near- and longer-term effects of microgravity on living systems. Using the Space Station Glovebox Facility - a compact, fully contained reach-in environment - astronauts will conduct technically challenging life sciences experiments. Virtual environment technologies are being developed at NASA Ames Research Center to help realize the scientific potential of this unique resource by facilitating the experimental hardware and protocol designs and by assisting the astronauts in training. The Virtual GloveboX (VGX) integrates high-fidelity graphics, force-feedback devices and real- time computer simulation engines to achieve an immersive training environment. Here, we describe the prototype VGX system, the distributed processing architecture used in the simulation environment, and modifications to the visualization pipeline required to accommodate the display configuration.

Twombly, I. Alexander; Smith, Jeffrey; Bruyns, Cynthia; Montgomery, Kevin; Boyle, Richard

2003-01-01

194

The COMET° Program: Empowering Faculty via Environmental Science Education Resources and Training Opportunities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For 20+ years, the COMET Program has provided education to a wide spectrum of users in the atmospheric and related sciences, including faculty and students. COMET's training covers many areas including: climate science; tropical meteorology; marine, coastal, aviation and fire weather; satellite and mesoscale meteorology; numerical weather prediction; hydrometeorology; observational systems; and emergency management and societal impacts. The majority of the training is delivered as self-paced web modules. The entry point to 600+ hours of material is COMET's http://meted.ucar.edu website. This site hosts >400 training modules. Included in these courses are ~100 lessons which have been translated into primarily Spanish and French. Simple, free registration is required. As of summer 2011, there were 200,000 registered users of the site from 200 countries who are taking advantage of this free education and training. Over 9000 of the users are faculty and another 38,000+ are college students. Besides using and re-purposing the high quality multimedia training, faculty often choose to use the registration and assessment system that allows users to take quizzes with each lesson to receive a certificate of completion. With the student's permission, then results can also be e-mailed to an instructor. Another relevant initiative is the creation of a free online, peer reviewed Textbook, "Introduction to Tropical Meteorology" (http://www.meted.ucar.edu/tropical/textbook/). This multimedia textbook is intended for undergraduate and early graduate students, forecasters, and others interested in the impacts of tropical weather and climate. Lastly, with funding from the NOAA/NESDIS/GOES-R Program, COMET recently offered a course for faculty entitled, "Integrating Satellite Data and Products into Geoscience Courses with Emphasis on Advances in Geostationary Satellite Systems." Twenty-four faculty from across the US and the Caribbean participated. Via lectures, lab exercises, and student projects attendees are now prepared to teach future meteorologists about current advanced capabilities as well as next generation data and products. Since many attendees also teach survey courses, they are now prepared to impart this knowledge to many non-science majors (including future K-12 teachers).

Abshire, W. E.; Spangler, T. C.; Page, E. M.

2011-12-01

195

training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights new nutritional concerns or practices that may influence the adaptation to training. The discussion is based on the assumption that the adaptation to repeated bouts of training occurs during recovery periods and that if one can train harder, the adaptation will be greater. The goal is to maximize with nutrition the recovery\\/adaptation that occurs in all rest

LAWRENCE L. SPRIET; MARTIN J. GIBALA

196

Patching the Pipeline: Reducing Educational Disparities in the Sciences Through Minority Training Programs  

PubMed Central

For more than 40 years, there has been a concerted national effort to promote diversity among the scientific research community. Yet given the persistent national-level disparity in educational achievements of students from various ethnic and racial groups, the efficacy of these programs has come into question. The current study reports results from a longitudinal study of students supported by a national National Institutes of Health–funded minority training program, and a propensity score matched control. Growth curve analyses using Hierarchical Linear Modeling show that students supported by Research Initiative for Science Excellence were more likely to persist in their intentions to pursue a scientific research career. In addition, growth curve analyses indicate that undergraduate research experience, but not having a mentor, predicted student persistence in science.

Schultz, P. Wesley; Hernandez, Paul R.; Woodcock, Anna; Estrada, Mica; Chance, Randie C.; Aguilar, Maria; Serpe, Richard T.

2013-01-01

197

Leopold 2.0: Training for a New Kind of Science Leadership  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To meet the environment and resource challenges of the coming decade, a new kind of scientific leadership is needed - one that is defined by the ability to innovate and lead transformational change; create strategic visions and implement them; catalyze and create bridges among multiple audiences and stakeholder groups; and motivate change in patterns of behavior, processes, and key decision systems. The Leopold Leadership Program has, since 1999, been training mid-career academic leaders in both communication skills and other strategies to link and translate their knowledge to decision making. As a result of the program's recent evaluation and planning activities, and drawing on current social science research, the program has identified storytelling, message-building, interviewing, and dialogue as critical science communication skills for the future. This presentation will provide examples of these skills, and illustrate ways in which they are essential to the work of collaboration, innovation, and action at the heart of "scientific leadership 2.0."

Sturner, P. H.; Matson, P. A.; Krebs, M.

2011-12-01

198

Facilitating Development of Four Moral Concepts among Kindergarten and First-Grade Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten and first grade children participated in a training program designed to facilitate moral development. Stories that stimulated discussion of solutions to moral issues were read to children in the treatment group. Children in the treatment group, compared to controls, improved significantly in three of four specific areas tested.…

Jensen, Larry; Murray, Michael

1978-01-01

199

Project B.E.S.T.: Language Development Handbook. Kentucky's Individualized Kindergartens (KIK).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project BEST (Building Educational and Social Skills Through Training) seeks to develop social skills in students. As a first step, high-risk kindergarten students attending school in Spencer County, Kentucky, were identified through systematic screening and assessment procedures and a curriculum was developed to meet the individual needs of the…

Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort. Bureau of Education for Exceptional Children.

200

The Effects of a Kindergarten Prevention Program on Special Education Referrals, Classifications and Retentions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed the effects of a kindergarten phonological awareness training program, STeps Into Reading (STIR) on the number of special education referrals, classifications, and retentions in a rural elementary school in New York. These numbers were compared prior to and after the program's implementation. STIR is based on research in the…

Dwyer, Jane Ebaugh; Rule, David L.

201

The Effectiveness of Cue Fading in Teaching Kindergarten Children to Serial Order.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen kindergarten children, who began the study with Piaget's stage II seriation capabilities (they could serial order sticks but could not insert a number of sticks into an already ordered set), were individually given 30 minutes of seriation training on three consecutive days. Cue fading and the manipulation of discrimination levels were used…

Schafer, Larry E.

202

Space Science K-6; Elementary Science Unit No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, part of a series of science units, provides for differentiation of emphasis of subject areas at different grade levels. It is intended that the unit will be studied in depth by grades 1, 4, and 6. Kindergarten, grades 2 and 3 will study the unit in less detail. "Our Wonderful Sun" is studied in Kindergarten, "Earth in Space"…

Bethlehem Area Schools, PA.

203

Project Challenge: Teaching the Kindergarten Gifted Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document attempts to provide guidelines for discovering giftedness in a preschool population and for setting up a program of instruction for kindergarten gifted children. Theoretical and operating principles for a gifted kindergarten program (Project Challenge) in Hollidaysburg School District, Pennsylvania are described. Preschool screening…

Appalachia Intermediate Unit 8, Ebensburg, PA.

204

Music Literacy in an Israeli Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a learner-centered kindergarten music program at Gan Michael Kindergarten in Israel. Actual experiences with stories and pictures provide examples of young children engaged in music making as performers, composers, and analytical listeners. The stories include teacher thoughts and reflections, providing a model of teacher…

Gluschankof, Claudia; Kenney, Susan Hobson

2011-01-01

205

Who's Pushing Whom: Stress and Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent study found that kindergartens in Ohio have become skill-based, academically oriented programs that young children can fail. Children are not the only victims; many teachers, principals, and supervisors are experiencing stress resulting from the increasing emphasis on academics in kindergarten programs. Parental and societal aspirations…

Hatch, J. Amos; Freeman, Evelyn B.

1988-01-01

206

Indiana Reading Assessment--Kindergarten. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted to evaluate how well the "Indiana Reading Assessment--Kindergarten" evaluates various reading skills of kindergarten students. Multiple analyses were conducted; while the results of all the analyses were encouraging, the results derived from the concurrent validity study were most significant. All correlations were…

Center for Innovation in Assessment (NJ1), 2007

2007-01-01

207

Regulatory Contributors to Children's Kindergarten Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether preschoolers' emotion regulation, problem behavior, and kindergarten behavioral self-regulation in the classroom predicted kindergarten achievement scores. Findings indicated that children's emotion regulation and behavioral self-regulation in the classroom were related to all achievement measures. Relation between…

Howse, Robin B.; Calkins, Susan D.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Keane, Susan P.; Shelton, Terri L.

2003-01-01

208

Full-Day Kindergarten Programs. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in American society and education over the last 20 years have contributed to the popularity of all-day, every-day kindergarten programs. Full-day kindergarten is popular for a number of reasons. Full-day programs eliminate the need to provide buses and crossing guards at mid-day. In high-poverty schools, state and federal funding for…

Rothenberg, Dianne

209

Knocking on Kindergarten's Door: Who Gets In? Who's Kept Out?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 959 children who applied to enter kindergarten in 1986 in 6 Virginia school districts were studied in an effort to determine the relation of social class, age, ethnicity, and gender to kindergarten placement decisions, i.e., to nonplacement, placement in a regular kindergarten class, or placement in junior kindergarten. All…

Walsh, Daniel J.; And Others

210

Immersion francaise precoce: Maternelle (Early French Immersion: Kindergarten).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An extensive resource manual and teaching guide is presented for the kindergarten teacher in the early French immersion program. The first three chapters contain introductory material discussing the kindergarten child, this particular program, language development in kindergarten, and the role of the kindergarten teacher which is analagous to that…

Burt, Andy; And Others

211

Needs assessment of science teachers in secondary schools in Kumasi, Ghana: A basis for in-service education training programs at the Science Resource Centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it identified the priority needs common to all science teachers in secondary schools in Kumasi, Ghana. Second, it investigated the relationship existing between the identified priority needs and the teacher demographic variables (type of school, teacher qualification, teaching experience, subject discipline, and sex of teacher) to be used as a basis for implementing in-service education training programs at the Science Resource Centers in Kumasi Ghana. An adapted version of the Moore Assessment Profile (MAP) survey instrument and a set of open-ended questions were used to collect data from the science teachers. The researcher handed out one hundred and fifty questionnaire packets, and all one hundred and fifty (100%) were collected within a period of six weeks. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, content analysis, and inferential statistics. The descriptive statistics reported the frequency of responses, and it was used to calculate the Need Index (N) of the identified needs of teachers. Sixteen top-priority needs were identified, and the needs were arranged in a hierarchical order according to the magnitude of the Need Index (0.000 ? N ? 1.000). Content analysis was used to analyze the responses to the open-ended questions. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the null hypotheses of the study on each of the sixteen identified top-priority needs and the teacher demographic variables. The findings of this study were as follows: (1) The science teachers identified needs related to "more effective use of instructional materials" as a crucial area for in-service training. (2) Host and Satellite schools exhibited significant difference on procuring supplementary science books for students. Subject discipline of teachers exhibited significant differences on utilizing the library and its facilities by students, obtaining information on where to get help on effective science teaching, procuring supplementary science books for students, and developing greater understanding of child psychology. Teaching experience exhibited significant difference on developing a greater understanding of learning psychology. (3) The majority of the science teachers (55%) have not participated in any form of an in-service training program. (4) The majority of the science teachers (about 65%) are satisfied with their job as science teachers. (5) The majority of the science teachers (60%) are not satisfied with the use of Science Resource Center for teaching. A major implication of the study is that science teachers using the Science Resource Centers for teaching should be paid teaching allowances. It is also recommended that the Ghana Education Service (GES) should create a center for distribution and repairs of laboratory equipment of the Science Resource Centers. Five studies are suggested for future research.

Gyamfi, Alexander

212

International training programs in reproductive sciences for conservation of Latin American felids.  

PubMed

Survival of the ten non-domestic felid species endemic to Latin America is imperiled by habitat loss, poaching and poor captive management. Over the past 10 years, conservation of these felids has been the primary focus of a reproductive research and training program conducted in Brazil, Mexico, and the USA. The objectives of this program were to: (1) provide intensive training in reproductive sciences to Latin American scientists, (2) conduct collaborative studies investigating basic and applied reproduction in endangered felids, and (3) establish a highly-trained scientific cohort to conduct independent conservation-based research. Four formal training courses, consisting of didactic lectures and hands-on instruction in research techniques, including semen collection, sperm cryopreservation and laparoscopic artificial insemination (AI), were taught in Brazil and Mexico between 1995 and 1998. Several of these scientists received further training in conducting fecal hormone analysis in the USA, and a number of research studies, many in collaboration with American scientists, were initiated in Latin American felids. Research findings have characterized basal reproductive traits in several felid species, including ocelots, margay, tigrinas and jaguars, and established that Latin American felids exhibit only minimal seasonal variation in most reproductive traits. Other studies have explored the impact of acute and chronic stressors on adrenocortical activity and demonstrated the importance of environmental enrichment in captivity, especially in small felids. Additional research has examined ovarian and immunological responsiveness of Latin American felids to exogenous gonadotropins and assessed the impact of nutrition on sperm production and oocyte quality. Applied reproductive studies have investigated sperm cryopreservation in both captive and wild felid populations and demonstrated the production of viable offspring in ocelots and tigrinas following laparoscopic AI. Ongoing studies are investigating the potential of in vitro fertilization (IVF), embryo cryopreservation and embryo transfer for genetic management of ocelots and tigrinas. To date, over 75 Brazilian ocelot and 50 tigrina IVF embryos have been cryopreserved and two pregnancies have been established in ocelots following transfer of frozen-thawed embryos. Findings from these studies are helping to improve husbandry, population management, and breeding of Latin American felids in captivity. Continued advances in assisted reproduction eventually may provide an alternative route for exchanging genetic material among Latin American felid populations. Most importantly, this collaborative program has been essential for building scientific capacity, within Brazil and Mexico, in establishing a core group of highly-trained reproductive biologists that will continue applying their new knowledge and skills to the conservation of Latin American felids. PMID:15271441

Swanson, W F; Brown, J L

2004-07-01

213

The Wheels on the Bot Go Round and Round: Robotics Curriculum in Pre-Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper qualitatively examines the implementation of an intensive weeklong robotics curriculum in three Pre-Kindergarten classrooms (N = 37) at an early childhood STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) focused magnet school in the Harlem area of New York City. Children at the school spent one week participating in computer…

Sullivan, Amanda; Kazakoff, Elizabeth R.; Bers, Marina Umashi

2013-01-01

214

"What's So Terrible About Swallowing an Apple Seed?" Problem-Based Learning in Kindergarten  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problem-Based Learning (PBL), an instructional approach originated in medical education, has gained increasing attention in K-12 science education because of its emphasis on self-directed learning and real-world problem-solving. Yet few studies have examined how PBL can be adapted for kindergarten. In this study, we examined how a veteran kindergarten teacher, who was experienced with PBL in her own learning, adapted PBL to teach students earth materials, a topic emphasized in the new state curriculum standards but students had difficulty understanding. The pre-post tests showed that students improved their content understanding. Analysis of the classroom discourse showed that PBL and the teacher's facilitation strategies provided opportunities for students to develop their questioning skills. In conclusion, we discuss the implications of this study for using PBL in kindergarten classrooms.

Zhang, Meilan; Parker, Joyce; Eberhardt, Jan; Passalacqua, Susan

2011-10-01

215

Work/training programs for international health science librarians in American medical school libraries.  

PubMed Central

World understanding is more than a desirable goal today: it may be crucial to our survival. Many universities realize this and have in the past decade spent a great deal of time and money to ensure a steady flow of faculty and students between the U.S. and other countries. Librarians with faculty or academic status may benefit from promoting such relationships themselves. Job exchanges and training programs offer librarians in the United States the opportunity to become acquainted with their counterparts in other countries. Such programs enable librarians of various countries to become aware of one another's special needs and common problems, and allow them to share ideas and expertise. This paper presents an overview of international training programs for foreign librarians in the United States, focusing on programs for health sciences librarians in United States medical school libraries. Information is given on the availability and types of institutionally sponsored programs, as well as on MLA's Cunningham Fellowship Program. Some of the difficulties and the benefits of such programs are discussed.

Brennen, P W; Gorman Sullivan, M B

1989-01-01

216

BOOST H2O - Field Training Activities for Hydrologic Science near Lake Iznik, Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Field activities are often the best pedagogy for reinforcing principles learned in the classroom. As part of the 'Building Opportunity Out of Science and Technology: Helping Hydrologic Outreach (BOOST H2O)' project, which is supported by the U.S. Department of State, six graduate students from three Turkish universities, four U.S. professors, and two Turkish professors participated in a week of training activities during May-June 2013. Field activities took place in the Lake Iznik region in western Turkey. The lake basin is geologically complex, with fault-controlled hydrogeology, and land use is dominated by agriculture, particularly olive cultivation. Professors trained the students (four females and two males) on concepts and techniques in surface-water and groundwater hydrology, water quality, and related computer software. Activities included stream gauging (using top-setting rods and a current meter), geomorphic assessment of streams (slope, cross-sections, and bed-clast size), measuring depth to water in wells, and collection of water samples from springs, wells, and the lake. Measurements of pH, temperature, electrical conductivity, and alkalinity were performed along with sampling for stable isotope (oxygen and hydrogen) analysis. The students visited local villages, farms, surface-water intakes, and recreational springs for a holistic approach towards integrated water resource management. Results were discussed in the context of lithology, tectonics, land use, and other human impacts.

Derin, Y.; Hatipoglu, E.; Sunnetci, M. O.; Tanyas, H.; Unal Ercan, H.; Aktuna, Z.; Agouridis, C.; Fryar, A. E.; Milewski, A.; Schroeder, P.; Ece, O. I.; Yilmaz, K. K.

2013-12-01

217

Selective Bibliography about Education and Training in Library and Information Science in PR China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This selective bibliography lists 66 items published from 1980 until 1989 on education, training, and continuing education in library and information science and documentation in the Chinese-speaking countries, i.e., the People's Republic of China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. The document is divided into 10 sections: (1) a preface (in…

Simon, H.-R.; Meis, Nicola

218

Elementary Physical Education Weekly Lesson Plan. Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is for the teaching of physical education to kindergarten students. Teaching procedures, warm-up activities, safety procedures, modifications, and athletic equipment needed are described for each of the specific activities in the weekly lesson plans. (CJ)

Anchorage Borough School District, AK.

219

Revision Process and Practice: A Kindergarten Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators teach students that are reluctant about the revisions process in writing. However, this longitudinal study follows a group of students from kindergarten through 8th grade who embraced the importance of the revision process. (Contains 8 figures.)

Chase, Maggie

2012-01-01

220

Computer Programming by Kindergarten Children Using LOGO.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Conservation ability, spatial motor ability, age, and gender were used as predictive variables in a study of 26 kindergarten children's computer programming ability. A preliminary pilot study with first graders had suggested that programming success was r...

S. Munro-Mavrias

1983-01-01

221

Mathematics in the Preschool-Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a mathematics curriculum for children in preschool or kindergarten which emphasizes manipulation. Suggests activities in the following concept areas: observation, classification, comparing and contrasting, seriation, patterning, graphing, informal measurement, and counting. (RJC)

Wolfinger, Donna M.

1989-01-01

222

Science Research 4: A New Curriculum Providing Student Mentorship and Teacher Training Facilitated by High School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a continuing comprehensive plan to include authentic scientific research in the science curricula of the Woodbridge Township School District, a new curriculum was developed to expanding the current 3-year Science Research Program to include a 4th year class. As with the previous 3 levels, the objectives of this curriculum include the development, implementation and dissemination of authentic scientific research by students. New objectives make use of the students advanced knowledge of the methods of science and electronic laboratory technology to provide mentorship to students performing scientific research or other inquiry-based science activities. Mentored students include those enrolled in high school Science Research 1, 8th Grade Honors Geoscience, and other high school science classes where scientific methods, inquiry-based learning and electronic data acquisition tools are utilized. Student mentors will also assist in the facilitation of a district-wide K-12 science symposium. The curriculum also calls for the creation of educational materials by students to enhance the teaching of scientific research and inquiry-based learning. Finally, students enrolled in Science Research 4 will conduct teacher-training sessions where their advanced expertise in the utilization of electronic sensors and data acquisition and analysis devices will be used to expand the use of such technology by teachers not only involved in research-based courses, but all areas of science education throughout the school district.

Danch, J. M.; Aker, K.

2013-12-01

223

A Taste of Kindergarten in Norway: Describing Four Projects Undertaken in Kindergartens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four Norwegian kindergarten/day care programs: (1) Tislegard kindergarten and day care center, using community sculptures as the basis for art activities; (2) Bjerkeallen Barnehage, examining the impact on activities and staff relationships when half the staff are men; (3) Labakken, using nature as a central arena for play; and (4)…

Thorsen, Kari Loken; Friis, Pia; Nyhus, Jorunn; Mork, Olga

1998-01-01

224

Kindergarten Teachers' and Their Assistants' Knowledge of First Aid in Slovenian Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Rapid physical and mental development in childhood also brings about a high risk of being injured. Since children spend a large amount of their time in kindergarten, there is a possibility that they would be injured while there. Design: A questionnaire for professionals was sent to a Slovenian kindergarten. Setting: The aim of this…

Slabe, Damjan; Fink, Rok

2013-01-01

225

Maths Is Not Dangerous--Attitudes of People Working in German Kindergarten about Mathematics in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the results of a questionnaire survey, in which attitudes and beliefs of people working in German kindergarten about "mathematics," "teaching and learning of mathematics" and "mathematics in the early years" were evaluated. After a quantitative analysis it can be stated that a schematic view of mathematics of kindergarten

Benz, Christiane

2012-01-01

226

Positively Kindergarten: A Classroom-Proven, Theme-Based Developmental Guide for the Kindergarten Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is based on the experiences of many kindergarten teachers and explains teaching practices proven to be effective in the kindergarten classroom and the theoretical basis for them. The book consists of seven chapters. Chapter 1, "A Framework for Teaching," provides a discussion of research, chronological and behavioral age, developmental…

Lamb, Beth; Logsdon, Phyllis

227

Values of Portuguese/Non-Portuguese Mothers of Kindergarten Children, and of Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to identify continuities/discontinuities in the values of Portuguese mothers with kindergarten children belonging to high and low socio-cultural backgrounds, mothers from different cultures and kindergarten teachers. The sample was composed of sixty-five mothers (fourteen Roma, fifteen Indian, twelve African, and ten…

Marchand, Helena; d'Orey, Ines

2008-01-01

228

The journey of a science teacher: Preparing female students in the Training Future Scientists after school program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What affect does female participation in the Training Future Scientist (TFS) program based on Vygotsky's sociocultural theory and Maslow's Hierarchies of Needs have on female adolescents' achievement levels in science and their attitude toward science and interest in science-based careers? The theoretical framework for this study was developed through a constructivist perspective, using dialogic engagement, coinciding with Lev Vygotsky's sociocultural learning theory. This action research project used mixed methods research design, targeted urban adolescent females who were members of Boys & Girls Club of Greater St. Louis (BGCGSTL) after-school program. The data collection measures were three qualitative instruments (semi-structured interviews, reflective journal entries and attitudinal survey open-ended responses) and two quantitative instruments (pre-test and posttests over the content from the Buckle-down Curriculum and attitudinal survey scaled responses). The goal was to describe the impact the Training Future Scientist (TFS) after-school program has on the girls' scientific content knowledge, attitude toward choosing a science career, and self-perception in science. Through the TFS after-school program participants had access to a secondary science teacher-researcher, peer leaders that were in the 9th--12th grade, and Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) role models from Washington University Medical School Young Scientist Program (YSP) graduate and medical students and fellows as volunteers. The program utilized the Buckle-down Curriculum as guided, peer-led cooperative learning groups, hands-on labs and demonstrations facilitated by the researcher, trained peer leaders and/or role models that used constructivist science pedagogy to improve test-taking strategies. The outcomes for the TFS study were an increase in science content knowledge, a positive trend in attitude change, and a negative trend in choosing a science career. Keywords: informal science programs, urban girls, self-efficacy, cooperative learning, peer learning, female adolescents, and after-school urban education This dissertation study was funded by two grants, the 2013 spring dissertation grant from the University of Missouri St. Louis and a philanthropic grant from Dr. Courtney Crim.

Robinson-Hill, Rona M.

229

A Model for Training In-Service Middle School Science Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the past four years, Francis Marion University (FMU) has hosted a four-week summer institute, entitled the FMU Middle School Science Institute (MSSI). MSSI has partnered content faculty (physical science, earth science, life science) and pedagogical experts\\/master teachers (education faculty) with middle school science teachers. Regional public school districts provided the teachers that attended the summer institute. These same teachers

R. Seth Smith; Derek W. Jokisch; Jane E. Brandis; Lisa A. Pike; Jeannette M. Myers; Randall M. Lacross

2007-01-01

230

Effects of Web-Mediated Professional Development Resources on Teacher-Child Interactions in Pre-Kindergarten Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the workforce in state-funded pre-kindergarten programs continues to grow in the United States, the promise of these and other early education opportunities (e.g., Head Start) depends in large part on in-service professional development and training in key instructional and interaction skills. In this paper, we describe effects of…

Pianta, Robert C.; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Downer, Jason T.; Hamre, Bridget K.; Justice, Laura

2008-01-01

231

The Myth of the Foolproof Script: Can Paraprofessionals Effectively Improve Kindergarten Student Achievement Using a Scripted Phonics Program?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the implementation of a scripted phonics program taught by paraprofessionals in kindergarten classrooms in a local school district. Two research questions were investigated: (a) Can paraprofessionals with no prior training in phonics effectively implement a scripted phonics program for struggling kindergartners? and (b) Did…

Tompkins, Renarta Hutchinson; Ratcliff, Nancy; Jones, Cathy; Vaden, Samuel Russell; Hunt, Gilbert; Sheehan, Heather Chase

2012-01-01

232

Strategies for Increasing the Expressive Vocabulary of Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A practicum study, recognizing the expressive language delays of inner-city kindergarten children, implemented two strategies to increase their expressive language ability and their mean length of utterance. The target population, 14 kindergarten students who demonstrated vocabulary development delays on the Brigance Kindergarten Screening Test,…

Remaly, Beth K.

233

Perceptions of Administrators and Teachers regarding Kindergarten Giftedness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined perceptions of administrators and kindergarten teachers regarding kindergarten giftedness. The study looked at whether administrators and teachers believe kindergarten students can be gifted; whether their schools and districts have policies in place to identify those students; and whether they are required to vary the…

Thirey, Patricia Sue

2011-01-01

234

Reclaiming Kindergarten: Part II--Questions about Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part II of "Reclaiming Kindergarten" continues the discussion related to responding to the crisis in today's kindergarten. In Part II, two policy questions are posed, the answers to which seek to respond to this continuing crisis. The questions center on issues related to engaging families in kindergarten and the need to consider a new early…

Gullo, Dominic F.; Hughes, Kim

2011-01-01

235

Instructional Support Predicts Children's Task Avoidance in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of observed classroom quality in children's task-avoidant behavior and math skills in kindergarten. To investigate this, 1268 children were tested twice on their math skills during their kindergarten year. Kindergarten teachers (N = 137) filled in questionnaires measuring their professional experience and also rated…

Pakarinen, Eija; Kiuru, Noona; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Ahonen, Timo; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2011-01-01

236

The Predictive Validity of the Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses the predictive validity of the Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale (PKRS) for later academic achievement and explores the utility of a domain-specific measure of kindergarten readiness. Kindergarten readiness scores were significantly correlated with both math and language arts achievement as measured by New York State…

Augustyniak, Kristine M.; Cook-Cottone, Catherine P.; Calabrese, Nancy

2004-01-01

237

K Today: Teaching and Learning in the Kindergarten Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The kindergarten year is quite unlike preschool and not like first grade, either. What should teaching practice look like for this critical year? This book offers a vivid picture of kindergarten children, perceptive discussion of the current kindergarten context and policy issues, and clear guidelines for teaching and assessing kindergartners.…

Gullo, Dominic F., Ed.

2006-01-01

238

Insights, Reflections, and Comparisons of a Russian Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On a recent visit to Murmansk, Russia to explore collaborative possibilities between the University of North Florida and Murmansk State Pedagogical University (MSPU), two educators jumped at the chance to visit a local kindergarten. As a former kindergarten teacher, one was curious to see how this kindergarten varied from what she had experienced…

Hall, Katrina Willard; Hargis, Jace

2007-01-01

239

Research in College Science Teaching: Spatial Visualization Training Improves Performance in Organic Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determined if spatial training (independent of classroom, laboratories, and instructors) would improve achievement of organic chemistry students (N=67) at a small liberal arts college and if advanced chemistry students could benefit from such training. The spatial training program systematically developed skills required to use model kits…

Small, Melinda Y.; Morton, Mary E.

1983-01-01

240

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences electronic health record and medical informatics training for undergraduate health professionals*  

PubMed Central

The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) is planning interprofessional training in electronic health records (EHRs) and medical informatics. Training will be integrated throughout the curricula and will include seminars on broad concepts supplemented with online modules, didactic lectures, and hands-on experiences. Training will prepare future health professionals to use EHRs, evidence-based medicine, medical decision support, and point-of-care tools to reduce errors, improve standards of care, address Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act requirements and accreditation standards, and promote appropriate documentation to enable data retrieval for clinical research. UAMS will ensure that graduates are ready for the rapidly evolving practice environment created by the HITECH Act.

Hart, Jan K; Newton, Bruce W; Boone, Steven E

2010-01-01

241

Training the translational research teams of the future: UC Davis-HHMI Integrating Medicine into Basic Science program.  

PubMed

There is a need for successful models of how to recruit, train, and retain bench scientists at the earliest stages of their careers into translational research. One recent, promising model is the University of California Davis Howard Hughes Medical Institute Integrating Medicine into Basic Science (HHMI-IMBS) program, part of the HHMI Med into Grad initiative. This paper outlines the HHMI-IMBS program's logic, design, and curriculum that guide the goal of research that moves from bedside to bench. That is, a curriculum that provides graduate students with guided translational training, clinical exposure, team science competencies, and mentors from diverse disciplines that will advance the students careers in clinical translational research and re-focusing of research to answer clinical dilemmas. The authors have collected data on 55 HHMI-IMBS students to date. Many of these students are still completing their graduate work. In the current study the authors compare the initial two cohorts (15 students) with a group of 29 control students to examine the program success and outcomes. The data indicate that this training program provides an effective, adaptable model for training future translational researchers. HHMI-IMBS students showed improved confidence in conducting translational research, greater interest in a future translational career, and higher levels of research productivity and collaborations than a comparable group of predoctoral students. PMID:24127920

Knowlton, Anne A; Rainwater, Julie A; Chiamvimonvat, Nipavan; Bonham, Ann C; Robbins, John A; Henderson, Stuart; Meyers, Frederick J

2013-10-01

242

Environmental Education from a Kindergarten to a University student, Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Importance of the environmental and disaster prevention education on the basis of science is increasing since the disaster by the Tohoku-Earthquake and Tsunami at the 11th March 2011, in Japan. Effective enforcement of the environmental education from a kindergarten to a University student is very important educational tool for protecting future earth's environment. This research reports the present situation and the practice example of environmental education of Japan. Particularly, I report practice of the environmental education in a class of Shimane University. In addition, I explain the actual situation of the environmental education for student from kindergarten to junior high school in Shimane Prefecture. I point out that 'Consciousness (In)', 'knowledge (About)', and 'action (For)' are important three factors based on my practice of the environmental education (e.g. UNESCO-Finland, 1974). That is 'consciousness (In)' means education in (or through) the environment. 'knowledge (About)' means education about environment. 'Action (FOR)' means education for environment. According to the present condition of the environmental education of a Japan, I arranged and redefined such three factors. That is three factors consist of two axis that are 'me' and 'others'. And National exists between them. condition of the environmental education of a Japan, I arranged and redefined such three factors. That is three factors consist of two axis that are 'me' and 'others'. And National exists between them.

Matsumoto, I.

2013-12-01

243

Determining the Influence of a Science Exhibition Center Training Program on Elementary Pupils' Interest and Achievement in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to examine the effects of visiting exhibitions and participating in the activities offered by science centers on raising the interest of second level students of primary education in science and improving their academic achievements. Thirty one 8th grade students chosen randomly from primary schools participated in the research…

Bozdogan, Aykut Emre; Yalcin, Necati

2009-01-01

244

Kindergarten Handbook: A Guide to those Actively Interested in Kindergartens and in Establishing New Centres. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to the functioning of kindergartens and the establishing of new centers is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned primarily with the bureaucratic structure of kindergarten agencies in Australia. It describes the Kindergarten Union, its councils and committees, the Board of Management, the Australian Pre-School…

Kindergarten Union of South Australia, Inc., North Adelaide.

245

Will the Real Kindergarten Please Stand Up?: Defining and Redefining the Twentieth-Century U.S. Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the historical elements related to the U.S. kindergarten development. Notes that while parents disagree on kindergarten content and quality, they strongly favor its existence for offering their children an academically competitive edge. Questions if kindergarten is a first step in public primary education or a last step in developmental,…

Dombkowski, Kristen

2001-01-01

246

The Development and Evaluation of a Kindergarten Nutrition Guide Based on Opinions of Oklahoma Kindergarten Teachers Toward Nutrition Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the dissertation was to develop appropriate materials for implementing nutrition education at the kindergarten level. Of the kindergarten teachers who volunteered to participate in the project, 101 completed the kindergarten teacher nutrition survey. Their opinions served as the basis for the design and development of a nutrition…

Schmidt, Carolee Ann Alexander

247

The Science and Issues of Human DNA Polymoprhisms: A Training Workshop for High School Biology Teachers  

SciTech Connect

This project achieved its goal of implementing a nationwide training program to introduce high school biology teachers to the key uses and societal implications of human DNA polymorphisms. The 2.5-day workshop introduced high school biology faculty to a laboratory-based unit on human DNA polymorphisms – which provides a uniquely personal perspective on the science and Ethical, Legal and Social Implications (ELSI) of the Human Genome Project. As proposed, 12 workshops were conducted at venues across the United States. The workshops were attended by 256 high school faculty, exceeding proposed attendance of 240 by 7%. Each workshop mixed theoretical, laboratory, and computer work with practical and ethical implications. Program participants learned simplified lab techniques for amplifying three types of chromosomal polymorphisms: an Alu insertion (PV92), a VNTR (pMCT118/D1S80), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the mitochondrial control region. These polymorphisms illustrate the use of DNA variations in disease diagnosis, forensic biology, and identity testing - and provide a starting point for discussing the uses and potential abuses of genetic technology. Participants also learned how to use their Alu and mitochondrial data as an entrée to human population genetics and evolution. Our work to simplify lab techniques for amplifying human DNA polymorphisms in educational settings culminated with the release in 1998 of three Advanced Technology (AT) PCR kits by Carolina Biological Supply Company, the nation’s oldest educational science supplier. The kits use a simple 30-minute method to isolate template DNA from hair sheaths or buccal cells and streamlined PCR chemistry based on Pharmacia Ready-To-Go Beads, which incorporate Taq polymerase, deoxynucleotide triphosphates, and buffer in a freeze-dried pellet. These kits have greatly simplified teacher implementation of human PCR labs, and their use is growing at a rapid pace. Sales of human polymorphism kits by Carolina Biological rose from 700 units in 1999 to 1,132 in 2000 – a 62% increase. Competing kits using the Alu system, and based substantially on our earlier work, are also marketed by Biorad and Edvotek. In parallel with the lab experiments, we developed a suite of database/statistical applications and easy-to-use interfaces that allow students to use their own DNA data to explore human population genetics and to test theories of human evolution. Database searches and statistical analyses are launched from a centralized workspace. Workshop participants were introduced to these and other resources available at the DNALC WWW site (http://vector.cshl.org/bioserver/): 1) Allele Server tests Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and statistically compares PV92 data from world populations. 2) Sequence Server uses DNA sequence data to search Genbank using BLASTN, compare sequences using CLUSTALW, and create phylogenetic trees using PHYLIP. 3) Simulation Server uses a Monte Carlo generator to model the long-term effects of drift, selection, and population bottlenecks. By targeting motivated and innovative biology faculty, we believe that this project offered a cost-effective means to bring high school biology education up-to-the-minute with genomic biology. The workshop reached a target audience of highly professional faculty who have already implemented hands-on labs in molecular genetics and many of whom offer laboratory electives in biotechnology. Many attend professional meetings, develop curriculum, collaborate with scientists, teach faculty workshops, and manage equipment-sharing programs. These individuals are life-long learners, anxious for deeper insight and additional training to further extend their leadership. This contention was supported by data from a mail survey, conducted in February-March 2000 and 2001, of 256 faculty who participated in workshops conducted during the current term of DOE support. Seventy percent of participants responded, providing direct reports on how their teaching behavior had changed since taking the DOE workshop. About nine of t

David. A Micklos

2006-10-30

248

Program of Studies--Science, K-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is the kindergarten through eighth-grade science program of the Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, Maryland. This program places emphasis on biological science and physical science. Involved are activities selected from several sources, which emphasize the processes of science, the nature of science, and the substance of…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Instructional Planning and Development.

249

Gender equity: A study of classroom interactions of sixth-grade science teachers before and after gender equity training  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The researcher investigated teachers' perceptions of their interactions with students in their 6th grade science classrooms and the effects of gender equity training on teachers' interactions with students. Teacher perceptions were measured at pretest and posttest using the Gender Equity Teacher-Student Interaction Questionnaire (GETSIQ). The outcomes from one day of gender equity training, using the Gender Equity Video and Instructional Guide, were measured at pretest, posttest, and follow-up using the INTERSECT scale. A non-random sample of twenty 6th grade science teachers from five middle schools participated in the study. Ten teachers were assigned to each of the control or experimental groups. The first hypothesis posited that teacher perceptions of and actions toward male and female students in sixth grade science classrooms would be different as reflected by scores on the GETSIQ. The hypothesis was partially supported. Teachers reported significantly different amounts of acknowledgment, attention in general, and attention to questions, responses, and comments for boys and girls, and different evaluations based on their expectations for a student. Following training, teachers from the experimental group obtained somewhat higher scores, though the differences were not statistically significant. Hypothesis 2 stated that gender equity training would increase equitable teacher interactions with male and female students as demonstrated by scores on the INTERSECT Checklist. This hypothesis was partially supported. A comparison of the Intersect checklist (praise, acceptance, remediation, criticism) revealed that teachers were observed to more equally give praise to boys and girls following training, male teachers engaged in more acceptance responses with girls, and female teachers had more equitable distribution of acceptance. Male teachers increased the amount of remediation to girls, and female teachers continued to provide more remediation to boys. The differences between pretest and posttest were statistically significant. There was some reversion to pretest levels interactions at follow-up. The results of the study support the effectiveness of gender equity training in facilitating increased awareness and behavioral change in teachers. However, training needs to be of longer duration for continued effectiveness.

Giuliano, Joanne

250

Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children for 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an annotated bibliography of outstanding children's science trade books published in 1995 and intended primarily for kindergarten to eighth grade. Sections include biography, environment and ecology, fiction, life science, medicine and medical research, paleontology, and technology and engineering. (JRH)

Science and Children, 1996

1996-01-01

251

Science--A Process Approach, Product Development Report No. 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science - A Process Approach, a science program for grades kindergarten through sixth, mainly focuses on scientific processes: observing, classifying, using numbers, measuring, space/time relationships, communicating, predicting, inferring, defining operationally, formulating hypotheses, interpreting data, controlling variables, and experimenting.…

Sanderson, Barbara A.; Kratochvil, Daniel W.

252

The effect of the Advanced Placement Training and Incentive Program on increasing enrollment and performance on Advanced Placement science exams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the National Math and Science Initiative's Advanced Placement Training and Incentive Program (APTIP) on the number of students taking AP science courses and their performance. The study evaluated 39 schools over a six-year period in six states that participate in the APTIP. The National Math and Science Initiative provided data for cohort I. A general linear model for repeated measures was used to evaluate the data. Data was evaluated three years prior to the intervention and three years during the intervention, which will actually continue for two more years (2012 and 2013) since cohort I schools were awarded five years of support. Students in APTIP schools enrolled in more AP science exams (AP Biology, AP Chemistry, AP Environmental Science, and AP Physics-B) over the course of the intervention. The quantity of students earning qualifying scores increased during the intervention years. APTIP is a multi-tiered program that includes seven days of teacher training, three six-hour student prep sessions, school equipment, reduced exam fees, and monetary incentives for students and teachers. This program positively impacted the quantity of enrollment and qualifying scores during the three years evaluated in this study. Increases in the number of female and African American students' test takers their and qualifying scores were seen in all three years of the APTIP intervention. This study supports the premise that the first step to increasing the Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) pipeline is giving access to advanced courses to more students in high schools.

Ramsey, Susan Brady

253

Stimulating Interest in Natural Sciences and Training Observation Skills: The UAP Observations Reporting Scheme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a number of reasons the general public and many young people are fascinated by the ideas of UFOs and extra-terrestrial life. As mysteries motivate to gain interest and knowledge, an opportunity exists, throughout these topics, to stimulate the people's interests to natural sciences and technology. A major problem however exists, concerning the fact that the general public generally associates any strange aerial sighting to something exotic, unknown, and to the possibility of extraterrestrial visitations. Rumours, irrational thinking and conspiracy theories prevail around these topics. Launched under the framework of the 2009 International Year of Astronomy, the Unidentified Aerospace Phenomena (UAP) Observations Reporting Scheme seeks to tackle this situation through approaching the topic from a professional and rational perspective, providing an opportunity to teach the public how to think more critically, demystifying UFO events, and ultimately attempting to stimulate the interest in natural sciences and technological disciplines. This is tentatively attempted through the following resources: Firstly, the project's website (1) provides an extensive resource for inquiry-based learning regarding the various natural or man-made phenomena that often give rise to false UAP sightings. It serves as a general forum for educating the public about human, atmospheric and astrophysical phenomena that could be observed in the sky. Secondly, the basic educational information provided on the web site allows potential UAP witnesses to critically evaluate the potential cause of their sightings. Visual descriptions, photos, video clips, tools, and links to relevant websites are provided for each category of phenomena, in order to assist the observer in his self-analysis. Amateur astronomers and societies who receive questions about UFOs can redirect queries to the website. Thirdly, the website provides novice observers viewing tips (e.g. elevation, azimuth, angular size) about how to record as accurately as possible a UAP event, in order to facilitate future identification and study. Lastly, one of the project's objectives is also to collect reports of trained observers (astronomers) of apparently inexplicable events for further analysis. Certainly, whenever there are unexplained observations there is the possibility that scientists could learn something new by studying these events. During this presentation, we will provide an overview of the project, present the website's extensive and well illustrated list of misidentifications, describe how people can further check details, develop their knowledge (e.g. satellite paths, stars/planets charts, characteristics of meteors, pictures of sprites, clouds classification) and enhance their observation skills. In order to show the relevance of the project, a short illustrated list of UAP cases received by the project will be featured, both explained and inexplicable. Finally, we will explore potential plans for strengthening the visibility and usefulness of the project, while requesting feedback from the community of atmospheric and natural sciences' researchers. (1) www.uapreporting.org (*): Disclaimer: Work undertaken as personal work; not endorsed as research activity by ESA.

Ailleris, P.

2012-04-01

254

An Analysis of the Effect of Training and Opportunity to Provide Feedback to Teachers on Pupil Achievement of Specific Objectives in Elementary School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The differences in the change of pupil achievement in elementary school science were analyzed, using a written response, for pupils trained to give immediate feedback to the teacher during instruction and for those trained to give delayed feedback to the teacher at the conclusion of each instructional session. The study also analyzed the effects…

Geer, Charles Emerson

255

Environmental Education: Module for Pre-Service Training of Social Science Teachers and Supervisors for Secondary Schools. Environmental Educational Series 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Environmental Education Program (IEEP) of UNESCO has developed a series of experimental teacher training modules in environmental education. This module focuses on the pre-service training of secondary social science teachers and supervisors in environmental education. Chapter 1 introduces the module and presents specific…

Sinha, Savita; And Others

256

Hooked on Science: How an Ohio Teacher is Training Students to Be Linked in to Forensics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features Ohio teacher Carol Fleck's use of videoconferencing in teaching Contemporary BioScience and Genetics. Fleck, who says her initial vision for the class was "science without classroom walls," covers such topics as emerging diseases, bioterrorism, and forensic science. Collaboration between schools is a key part of the course…

Technology & Learning, 2008

2008-01-01

257

Use Root Cause Analysis Teaching Strategy to Train Primary Pre-Service Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the Root Cause Analysis (RCA) teaching strategy on pre-service primary science teachers and instinct pre-service teachers to apply RCA teaching strategy to science curriculums. RCA Teaching Strategy is to coordinates 5 Why Method and Fishbone Diagram. The participants included 18 pre-service primary science teachers and the…

Lu, Chow-chin; Tsai, Chun-wei; Hong, Jon-chao

2008-01-01

258

Community Colleges and Technician Training. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Science, Research and Technology of the Committee on Science and Technology. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (September 30; November 19, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hearings were conducted by the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Science, Research and Technology to discuss the role of community colleges in training technical personnel, with particular emphasis on how the National Advanced Technician Training Act of 1985 (HR 2353) would help community colleges meet this role. This bill creates a…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Science and Technology.

259

Mass hearing screening in kindergarten students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: to determine the types of hearing losses identified by mass hearing screenings in the public school system. Design: prospective observational. Participants: students enrolled in kindergarten in the public school system. Setting: major metropolitan area. Main outcome measures: (1) hearing screening tests performed by speech pathologists using an audiometer in a quiet room; (2) formal audiologic testing including pure tone

Valerie A Flanary; Casey J Flanary; JoAnn Colombo; Doug Kloss

1999-01-01

260

Kindergarten Explorations with Snow, Ice, and Water  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using winter snow, kindergarten students can explore the properties of water. Students demonstrate melting, freezing, expansion, and evaporation through a number of activities involving a paper cup and a scoop of snow. Procedures and student reactions are described in detail by the teacher-author. (MA)

Carroll, Martha A.

1978-01-01

261

Reviving a Culture: Kindergarten and French Immersion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental bilingual bicultural French language program for kindergarten students in a former French-speaking area of Western Newfoundland was initiated in an integrated primary school in September 1975. The experimental class of thirty students was taught entirely in French while the control group received twenty minutes of French per day…

Gleason, Thomas P.; Rankine, Fred C.

262

Kindergarten Screening: A Survey of Current Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey conducted of public and private school districts (N=755) in New York ascertained procedures and instruments used to conduct kindergarten screening. The Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning, and the Brigance K and 1 Screen were the most widely used instruments. The majority of respondents (95%) reported that screening is…

Costenbader, Virginia; Rohrer, Allison M.; DiFonzo, Nicholas

2000-01-01

263

Implementing Intervention Movement Programs for Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reported study aimed to identify the effects of two 10-week intervention programs on fundamental locomotor skill performance in kindergarten children. Seventy-five children with mean age 5.4 plus or minus 0.5 years participated. Experimental Group A followed a movement program, experimental Group B followed a music and movement program, and…

Deli, Eleni; Bakle, Iliana; Zachopoulou, Evridiki

2006-01-01

264

Developmental Spelling and Phonemic Awareness in Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-eight rural kindergarten students participated in this quasi-experimental study designed to assess the effect of employing daily, sequential phonemic awareness exercises on kindergartners' developmental spelling skills. In September all students were assessed for letter recognition, symbol-sound correspondence, phoneme segmentation and…

Henterly, Ann Marie

265

Kindergarten Education: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the two 1999 issues of a biannually-published journal featuring research studies, theoretical essays, and classroom practice articles about the development and education of kindergarten children as well as occasional articles concerning preschool and the early primary grades. The spring 1999 issue contains the…

Robinson, Violet B., Ed.

1999-01-01

266

Renew! Take a Break in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A university child development/early childhood education professor renews her relationship with young children and with current public school teaching by spending 5 weeks in kindergarten. This article describes some highlights of her experience: the children's daily journal writing, an in-class and take-home math activity, and teaching the…

Charlesworth, Rosalind

2005-01-01

267

Kindergarten Predictors of Math Learning Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to address how to effectively predict mathematics learning disability (MLD). Specifically, we addressed whether cognitive data obtained during kindergarten can effectively predict which children will have MLD in third grade, whether an abbreviated test battery could be as effective as a standard psychoeducational…

Mazzocco, Michele M. M.; Thompson, Richard E.

2005-01-01

268

Kindergarten Predictors of Math Learning Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to address how to effectively predict mathematics learning dis- ability (MLD). Specifically, we addressed whether cognitive data obtained during kindergarten can effectively predict which children will have MLD in third grade, whether an abbreviated test battery could be as effective as a standard psychoeducational assessment at predicting MLD, and whether the abbreviated battery

Michele M. M. Mazzocco; Richard E. Thompson

2005-01-01

269

Integrated Curriculum in the Bulgarian Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several practices in Bulgarian kindergartens. Profiles one activity that integrated subjects across the curriculum. In this activity, children built a city out of blocks, using mathematical and scientific concepts, language, and architectural drawings, while listening to music. Discusses the priority given to early childhood education in…

Rosberg, Merilee A.

1994-01-01

270

Kindergarten Diagnostic Assessment of Learning Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a program to identify potential learning problems and learning styles in 131 kindergarten children through the assessment of global intelligence, gross and fine motor skills, visual perception skills, auditory perception skills, speech and language development, social skills, alphabet recognition, and number concepts. Standardized…

Jacobs, Jacqueline E.; Sacatsh, Jean

271

The Kindergarten Guide for Instructional Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This color-coded curriculum guide is designed to facilitate instructional planning and help Mississippi's kindergarten teachers develop their schools' instructional management plan. Five broad units of instruction are presented, each of which has been tested, revised, and extended by classroom teachers. The units, which encompass many unit themes…

Leigh, Cindy; And Others

272

Social Studies Guide. Kindergarten-Level Twelve.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Grades K-12. SUBJECT MATTER: Social studies. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide has three main sections: 1) kindergarten-grade 6; 2) required courses, grades 7-11; and 3) electives, grades 10-12. In each subsection the objectives are listed, an outline of the course is given, concepts and suggested activities are…

Hazelwood School District, MO.

273

Reforming the Kindergarten Round-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools host kindergarten roundups to facilitate children's transition from home to formal education. Roundups should not assess school readiness, but could be a valuable tool to help teachers' meet students' diverse needs. Roundups should open up parent-teacher communications, check for correctable learning impairments, and share meaningful…

Smith, Susan Sidney

1999-01-01

274

Folder Game Festival for Preschool and Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides scores of activities using inexpensive manila file folders. Designed for children from preschool through kindergarten, each chapter proceeds from simple material to more advanced work. Selected subjects are intended to enhance the following curriculum studies and promote development in: (1) eye-hand coordination (e.g., fit the…

Commins, Elaine

275

Spanish Guide. Kindergarten. Michigan Oral Language Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, designed for use by kindergarten teachers, to teach Spanish to speakers of other languages and to teach standard Spanish to speakers of non-standard Spanish, contains 136 half hour lessons, covering the school year. The completely oral program presents a structured sequence of language learning experiences geared to the children's…

Soriano, Jesse M.; And Others

276

Alphabet Letter Naming in Early Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability of children during the first month of kindergarten to correctly recognize and identify the letters of the alphabet was examined. A total of 444 children were tested and only the data from children who could correctly recognize one or more, but less than 26, letters were analyzed. Children were grouped according to the number of letters…

Carroll, Jeri A.; And Others

277

The Interrelationships of Mathematical Precursors in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the interrelations among cognitive precursors across quantitative, linguistic, and spatial attention domains that have been implicated for math achievement in young children. The dimensionality of the quantity precursors was evaluated in 286 kindergarteners via latent variable techniques, and the contribution of precursors…

Cirino, Paul T.

2011-01-01

278

The Chinese Kindergarten in Its Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The year 2004 is the centenary of the first official kindergarten in China. During this 100 years of development, early childhood education in China has experienced two big developmental spurts, first at the beginning of the twentieth century and then again at the turn of the twenty-first century. The argument presented by this paper is that…

Hsueh, Yeh; Tobin, Joseph J.; Karasawa, Mayumi

2004-01-01

279

Culture and the Kindergarten Curriculum in Poland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the effect of cultural context on the content of kindergarten curriculum in Poland, chronicling the historical changes from Communist to post-Soviet, capitalist cultures. Soviet cultural influence on early childhood education from 1945 to 1989 is described as affecting a single obligatory curriculum, strict government control,…

Putkiewicz, Elzbieta

280

Wyoming Kindergartens: Past, Present, and Future. Wyoming Center for Educational Research Report Series 1993, No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews the history of kindergartens in America and in the state of Wyoming, and examines current trends and future directions of kindergarten programs. Wyoming's first kindergarten was established in Sundance in 1891-92. The University of Wyoming began offering courses in kindergarten theory by the mid 1940s, and the kindergarten

Hook, Jim; Shaeffer, Peggy

281

Understanding the biological concept "bird": A kindergarten case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this qualitative, multiple case study of 14 students in a metropolitan public school in the Deep South was to find out, during a period of three months, what these kindergarten-aged children knew about birds, whether this knowledge represented current scientific thought, if such science instruction meaningfully affected their prior knowledge, and if so, what the factors during instruction that seemed to influence their understanding of the concept of bird were. The research was conducted in three phases; preinstruction interviews, instruction, and postinstruction interviews. The theoretical framework for this research was based on the Human Constructivism theory of learning (Mintzes, Wandersee and Novak, 1997). Instructional materials consisted of carefully chosen books (both fiction and non-fiction), guest speakers, field trips, a live bird in the classroom, students' observation journals, teacher-made classification and sorting activities, and picture-based concept maps. The findings suggest that young children's knowledge of birds was limited chiefly to birds' anatomical and morphological characteristics, with repeated references being made by the children to human characteristics. There was a positive, significant difference in young children's pre- and postinstruction scientific knowledge of birds. Although performance varied from child to child after instruction, most children were able to identify some common birds by name. Just one child resisted conceptual change. Kindergarten children's basic knowledge of bird behavior was limited to flight and eating. Although the children had more conceptual knowledge at the end, understanding still appeared to be shallow. The children did develop their skill in observing markedly. It also became evident that these kindergarten children needed more (a) experience in asking questions, (b) practice in techniques of visual representation, and (c) language development in order to be able to explain what they observed. Scientific study of birds appeared to be an underutilized gateway to learning about living organisms in early childhood, especially in view of the fact that birds are the only large animals in nature that are easily seen by children during daytime hours. Such early childhood bird studies also correlate well with the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996).

Buchholz, Dilek

282

Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is science for a child? How do children learn about science and how to do science? Drawing on a vast array of work from neuroscience to classroom observation, "Taking Science to School" provides a comprehensive picture of what we know about teaching and learning science from kindergarten through eighth grade. By looking at a broad range of…

Duschl, Richard A., Ed.; Schweingruber, Heidi A., Ed.; Shouse, Andrew W., Ed.

2007-01-01

283

Training Future Scientists: Predicting First-year Minority Student Participation in Health Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using longitudinal data from the UCLA Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) and Your First College Year (YFCY)\\u000a surveys, this study examines predictors of the likelihood that science-oriented students would participate in a health science\\u000a undergraduate research program during the first year of college. The key predictors of participation in health science research\\u000a programs are students’ reliance on peer networks and

Sylvia Hurtado; M. Kevin Eagan; Nolan L. Cabrera; Monica H. Lin; Julie Park; Miguel Lopez

2008-01-01

284

Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences: Obtaining Heat Stress Measurements, Module 15.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this instructional module, students learn to take accurate measurements with the wet bulb, dry bulb, and globe thermometers and to use these measurements to calculate the wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT). Training Prerequisites: Before beginning this ...

F. C. May

1981-01-01

285

Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences: Operating Sound-Measuring Equipment, Module 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this instructional module, students learn to calibrate, operate, and position a Type 2 sound level meter (SLM) for taking accurate screening survey measurements. Training Prerequisites: Before beginning this module, students should have some working kn...

F. C. May

1981-01-01

286

Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences: Collecting Pests for Identification, Module 12.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this instructional module, students learn to collect pest specimens of rodents, flies, and mosquitoes and to prepare the specimens for shipment to a laboratory for identification. Training Prerequisites: Before beginning this module, students should ha...

F. C. May

1981-01-01

287

Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences: Performing Analyses for Waterborne Bacteria, Module 13.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this instructional module, students learn to perform an examination of drinking water for the presence of indicator bacteria (coliform). Training Prerequisites: Before beginning this module, students should have had a course in high school biology or h...

F. C. May

1981-01-01

288

Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences: Obtaining Measurements of Stationary Environmental Noise Sources, Module 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this instructional module, students learn to determine the level of sound produced by stationary sources located in residential, industrial, and commercial land use zones. Training Prerequisites: Before beginning this module, students should have a cou...

F. C. May

1981-01-01

289

The Effects of Visual Analysis Training on Impulsive Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, kindergarten children classified as impulsive received (1) visual analysis training involving either motor or verbal responses, (2) were trained only to delay their responses, or (3) were assinged to a control group receiving no training. While all treatment groups showed a significant decrease in errors on the Matching Familiar…

Cook, Alicia S.; And Others

290

25 CFR 36.21 - Standard VI-Kindergarten instructional program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Standard VI-Kindergarten instructional program. 36.21...Instruction § 36.21 Standard VIâKindergarten instructional program. (a) The curriculum for kindergarten shall provide children...

2010-04-01

291

25 CFR 36.21 - Standard VI-Kindergarten instructional program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Standard VI-Kindergarten instructional program. 36.21...Instruction § 36.21 Standard VIâKindergarten instructional program. (a) The curriculum for kindergarten shall provide children...

2009-04-01

292

Training Future Science Librarians: A Successful Partnership between Academia and the United States Environmental Protection Agency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a partnership between the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) and the Environmental Protection Agency library in Research Park Triangle that provides the opportunity for master's level students to acquire practical experience working in a science library while taking classes.…

Roland, Kristen Conahan

2000-01-01

293

The Impact of Teaching Assistants on Student Retention in the Sciences: Lessons for TA Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attrition from the sciences remains a national problem. The authors present results from a survey of over 2,100 undergraduates that, contrary to previous research, suggests that teaching assistants (TAs) influence student retention in the sciences in multiple ways. Multiple linear regression (MLR) and student comments suggest that TAs influence…

O'Neal, Christopher; Wright, Mary; Cook, Constance; Perorazio, Tom; Purkiss, Joel

2007-01-01

294

Becoming Science Teachers: an evaluation of the initial stages of primary teacher training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 3?year evaluation study explores the development of trainee primary teachers’ attitudes toward the teaching and learning of science during the early stages of their professional education. We demonstrate that science is, for many students, a potentially problematic area of the curriculum in which their past learning experiences are particularly prominent in the development of negative attitudes and feelings of

Joan Parker; Elaine Spink

1997-01-01

295

Science Through Language: Language Through Science; Working With Teachers to Make Every Moment a Language Moment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preschool teachers have been tasked with developing emergent literacy skills, frequently co-teaching with a speech-language pathologist. Science activities offer opportunities to provide both content and language experiences in preschool and kindergarten. A \\

Catherine H. Gottfred; John Lybolt

2009-01-01

296

Exploring Connections Between Earth Science and Biology - Interdisciplinary Science Activities for Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To increase teaching of Earth science in schools, and to reflect the interdisciplinary nature and interrelatedness of science disciplines in today's world, we are exploring opportunities for linking Earth science and Biology through engaging and innovative hands-on science activities for the classroom. Through the NSERC-funded Pacific CRYSTAL project based at the University of Victoria, scientists, science educators, and teachers at all levels in the school system are collaborating to research ways of enriching the preparation of students in math and science, and improving the quality of science education from Kindergarten to Grade 12. Our primary foci are building authentic, engaging science experiences for students, and fostering teacher leadership through teacher professional development and training. Interdisciplinary science activities represent an important way of making student science experiences real, engaging and relevant, and provide opportunities to highlight Earth science related topics within other disciplines, and to expand the Earth science taught in schools. The Earth science and Biology interdisciplinary project builds on results and experiences of existing Earth science education activities, and the Seaquaria project. We are developing curriculum-linked activities and resource materials, and hosting teacher workshops, around two initial areas; soils, and marine life and the fossil record. An example activity for the latter is the hands-on examination of organisms occupying the nearshore marine environment using a saltwater aquarium and touch tank or beach fieldtrip, and relating this to a suite of marine fossils to facilitate student thinking about representation of life in the fossil record e.g. which life forms are typically preserved, and how are they preserved? Literacy activities such as fossil obituaries encourage exploration of paleoenvironments and life habits of fossil organisms. Activities and resources are being tested with teachers and student teachers through workshops, at teacher conferences, and participating Faculties of Education.

Vd Flier-Keller, E.; Carolsfeld, C.; Bullard, T.

2009-05-01

297

Kindergarten Common Core State Standards Flip Book  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 42-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the Kindergarten level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades 1-5.

2012-06-01

298

Training the Teachers: Workshops in Science Education and Resources (Project WISER)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A coordinated series of professional development workshops in Earth and planetary science for grade- and middle-school teachers is being developed at the PSI, with supporting instructional rock kits, scientific visualizations, and interactive web-based tools.

Croft, S. K.; Baldridge, A. M.; Bleamaster, L. F.; Buxner, S. R.; Cañizo, T. L.; Chuang, F. C.; Crown, D. A.; Kortenkamp, S. J.; Lebofsky, L. A.; Pierazzo, E.; Yingst, R. A.

2011-03-01

299

Training Future Scientists: Predicting First-year Minority Student Participation in Health Science Research  

PubMed Central

Using longitudinal data from the UCLA Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) and Your First College Year (YFCY) surveys, this study examines predictors of the likelihood that science-oriented students would participate in a health science undergraduate research program during the first year of college. The key predictors of participation in health science research programs are students’ reliance on peer networks and whether campuses provide structured opportunities for first-year students even though only 12% of freshmen in the sample engaged in this activity. These experiences are particularly important for Black students. The findings inform efforts to orient students at an early stage, particularly under-represented minorities, toward biomedical and behavioral science research careers.

Eagan, M. Kevin; Cabrera, Nolan L.; Lin, Monica H.; Park, Julie; Lopez, Miguel

2013-01-01

300

Implementation Research in Mental Health Services: an Emerging Science with Conceptual, Methodological, and Training challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most critical issues in mental health services research is the gap between what is known about effective treatment\\u000a and what is provided to consumers in routine care. Concerted efforts are required to advance implementation science and produce\\u000a skilled implementation researchers. This paper seeks to advance implementation science in mental health services by over viewing\\u000a the emergence of

Enola K. Proctor; John Landsverk; Gregory Aarons; David Chambers; Charles Glisson; Brian Mittman

2009-01-01

301

Kindergarten Predictors of Math Learning Disability.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to address how to effectively predict mathematics learning disability (MLD). Specifically, we addressed whether cognitive data obtained during kindergarten can effectively predict which children will have MLD in third grade, whether an abbreviated test battery could be as effective as a standard psychoeducational assessment at predicting MLD, and whether the abbreviated battery corresponded to the literature on MLD characteristics. Participants were 226 children who enrolled in a 4-year prospective longitudinal study during kindergarten. We administered measures of mathematics achievement, formal and informal mathematics ability, visual-spatial reasoning, and rapid automatized naming and examined which test scores and test items from kindergarten best predicted MLD at grades 2 and 3. Statistical models using standardized scores from the entire test battery correctly classified ~80-83 percent of the participants as having, or not having, MLD. Regression models using scores from only individual test items were less predictive than models containing the standard scores, except for models using a specific subset of test items that dealt with reading numerals, number constancy, magnitude judgments of one-digit numbers, or mental addition of one-digit numbers. These models were as accurate in predicting MLD as was the model including the entire set of standard scores from the battery of tests examined. Our findings indicate that it is possible to effectively predict which kindergartners are at risk for MLD, and thus the findings have implications for early screening of MLD. PMID:20084182

Mazzocco, Michèle M M; Thompson, Richard E

2005-08-01

302

Science and Practice of Coaching a Strength Training Program for Novice and Intermediate-Level Athletes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses various aspects of the athletic coaching process in strength training, including: teaching and coaching exercises to novice and intermediate level athletes (typical high school and younger college aged athletes); technical analysis and modification of student technique; student motivation; goal setting; reinforcement; and the overall…

Baker, Daniel

2001-01-01

303

Performing Titration Analyses for Water Quality. Module 17. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on performing titration analysis for water quality. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming each part of…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

304

Using Ionizing Radiation Detectors. Module 11. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on using ionizing radiation detectors. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming and telling the function…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

305

Obtaining Heat Stress Measurements. Module 15. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on obtaining heat stress measurements. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming and describing the…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

306

Research Training Fellowship Program (Formerly Military Medicine and Allied Sciences Course).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides an outline of the Research Training Fellowship Program at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Emphasizing the scientific foundations of military medicine, the course aims at preparing medical corps officers for careers in laboratory research or clinical investigation and teaching. The intent is to give officers who…

Walter Reed Army Hospital, Washington, DC.

307

A New PhD Training Track: A Proposal To Improve Basic Science Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that a basic scientist with a background of integrative physiology, pharmacology, anatomy, and pathology, with a special emphasis on pathophysiology, would be very well qualified to practice medicine of the future. Proposes a Ph.D. training track with this objective and lists some advantages and disadvantages of such a program. (AIM)

Smith, James J.; And Others

1997-01-01

308

Measuring Airflow in Local Exhaust Ventilation Systems. Module 23. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on measuring airflow in local exhaust ventilation systems. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming each…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

309

Cooperative Learning in Third Graders' Jigsaw Groups for Mathematics and Science with and without Questioning Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is much support for using cooperative methods, since important instructional aspects, such as elaboration of new information, can easily be realized by methods like "jigsaw." However, the impact of providing students with additional help like a questioning training and potential limitations of the method concerning the (minimum)…

Souvignier, Elmar; Kronenberger, Julia

2007-01-01

310

Science, Training and Career: Changing Modes of Knowledge Production and Labour Markets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changing conditions of academic and scientific labour markets, blurring boundaries between public and private and between basic and applied research, and the growing European dimension to scientific careers challenge the conceptual thinking about the research training function of the university. The paper explores these changes and addresses their…

Enders, Jurgen; de Weert, Egbert

2004-01-01

311

Army Science Board Ad Hoc Study: Use of Technologies in Education and Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines the Army's use of technology in education here defined as the material presented by the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) at the Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, the Combined Arms and Services Staff School (CASa) and the Comman...

A. F. Grum C. C. Campbell A. B. Montgomery J. L. Shields M. U. Thomas

1995-01-01

312

Army Science Board AD HOC Study on Use of Technologies in Education and Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines the Army's use of technology in education, here defined as the matedal presented by the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) at the Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, the Combined Arms and Services Staff School (CAS3), and the Comma...

A. F. Grum C. C. Campbell A. B. Montgomery J. L. Shields M. U. Thomas

1995-01-01

313

Using a Stereo Microscope. Module 22. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on using a stereo microscope. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) accurately naming each part of the stereo…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

314

Collecting Pests for Identification. Module 12. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on collecting pests for identification. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) identifying the parts and…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

315

Performing Analyses for Waterborne Bacteria. Module 13. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on performing analyses for waterborne bacteria. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming, sterilizing and…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

316

Calibrating a Respirable Dust Sampling Device. Module 24. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on calibrating a respirable dust sampling device. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn, are three lessons: (1) naming each part of…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

317

On Personal and Collective Dimensions of Agency in Doctoral Training: Medicine and Natural Science Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to investigate knowledge-creating agency by examining doctoral students' accounts of their pursuits, using structured interviews. We examined all of the talk apparently related to agency of 13 doctoral students taking part in collective doctoral training in two, highly regarded Finnish research communities…

Hakkarainen, Kai Pekka; Wires, Susanna; Keskinen, Jenni; Paavola, Sami; Pohjola, Pasi; Lonka, Kirsti; Pyhältö, Kirsi

2014-01-01

318

An International Training Program in Library and Information Science: Looking Backward and Forward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to improve the subsequent editions of an international training program in information management. Up to now 15 editions have been organized, coordinated by the author of this paper. Most participants work in developing countries, mainly in Africa and Asia. Each program takes place mainly in Brussels, Belgium, for about…

Nieuwenhuysen, Paul

2011-01-01

319

Widespread distribution and unexpected variation among science faculty with education specialties (SFES) across the United States.  

PubMed

College and university science departments are increasingly taking an active role in improving science education. Perhaps as a result, a new type of specialized science faculty position within science departments is emerging--referred to here as science faculty with education specialties (SFES)--where individual scientists focus their professional efforts on strengthening undergraduate science education, improving kindergarten-through-12th grade science education, and conducting discipline-based education research. Numerous assertions, assumptions, and questions about SFES exist, yet no national studies have been published. Here, we present findings from a large-scale study of US SFES, who are widespread and increasing in numbers. Contrary to many assumptions, SFES were indeed found across the nation, across science disciplines, and, most notably, across primarily undergraduate, master of science-granting, and PhD-granting institutions. Data also reveal unexpected variations among SFES by institution type. Among respondents, SFES at master of science-granting institutions were almost twice as likely to have formal training in science education compared with other SFES. In addition, SFES at PhD-granting institutions were much more likely to have obtained science education funding. Surprisingly, formal training in science education provided no advantage in obtaining science education funding. Our findings show that the SFES phenomenon is likely more complex and diverse than anticipated, with differences being more evident across institution types than across science disciplines. These findings raise questions about the origins of differences among SFES and are useful to science departments interested in hiring SFES, scientific trainees preparing for SFES careers, and agencies awarding science education funding. PMID:23589844

Bush, Seth D; Pelaez, Nancy J; Rudd, James A; Stevens, Michael T; Tanner, Kimberly D; Williams, Kathy S

2013-04-30

320

Widespread distribution and unexpected variation among science faculty with education specialties (SFES) across the United States  

PubMed Central

College and university science departments are increasingly taking an active role in improving science education. Perhaps as a result, a new type of specialized science faculty position within science departments is emerging—referred to here as science faculty with education specialties (SFES)—where individual scientists focus their professional efforts on strengthening undergraduate science education, improving kindergarten-through-12th grade science education, and conducting discipline-based education research. Numerous assertions, assumptions, and questions about SFES exist, yet no national studies have been published. Here, we present findings from a large-scale study of US SFES, who are widespread and increasing in numbers. Contrary to many assumptions, SFES were indeed found across the nation, across science disciplines, and, most notably, across primarily undergraduate, master of science-granting, and PhD-granting institutions. Data also reveal unexpected variations among SFES by institution type. Among respondents, SFES at master of science-granting institutions were almost twice as likely to have formal training in science education compared with other SFES. In addition, SFES at PhD-granting institutions were much more likely to have obtained science education funding. Surprisingly, formal training in science education provided no advantage in obtaining science education funding. Our findings show that the SFES phenomenon is likely more complex and diverse than anticipated, with differences being more evident across institution types than across science disciplines. These findings raise questions about the origins of differences among SFES and are useful to science departments interested in hiring SFES, scientific trainees preparing for SFES careers, and agencies awarding science education funding.

Bush, Seth D.; Pelaez, Nancy J.; Rudd, James A.; Stevens, Michael T.; Tanner, Kimberly D.; Williams, Kathy S.

2013-01-01

321

Adapting postdoctoral training to interdisciplinary science in the 21st century: the Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program at the National Cancer Institute.  

PubMed

Preparing junior scientists for careers in the health sciences has become an immense challenge for many reasons, including the emerging demand for multidisciplinary approaches to solving problems in the health sciences. For those choosing careers in hybrid and interdisciplinary fields, the "traditional" postdoctoral training model may not perform well, particularly in light of other problems that plague postdoctoral success. New approaches are required. Using the interdisciplinary field of cancer prevention as an example, the authors describe the Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program (CPFP) of the National Cancer Institute, a three-year postdoctoral program of which the goal is to provide its fellows with a strong foundation in cancer prevention through education, mentored research, and structured professional development training activities that emphasize multidisciplinary approaches and leadership skills. Over time, the CPFP has incorporated the best aspects of the traditional postdoctoral training model with newer training approaches in an effort to overcome existing problems in postdoctoral training and to address the additional complexities inherent in training those who seek careers in interdisciplinary science. Many aspects of the CPFP, including an efficient infrastructure, a dedicated staff, a capacity to provide educational activities, and the provision of rich research opportunities, may translate well to other postdoctoral programs that face similar issues. PMID:15734808

Chang, Shine; Hursting, Stephen D; Perkins, Susan N; Dores, Graça M; Weed, Douglas L

2005-03-01

322

``Science-trained professionals''—A new breed for the new century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

If students of science are to have more career options in the future, the people who hire and work with them are going to have to know more science and more about what scientists do. That's one of the conclusions of a recent study of the perceptions and realities that young and mid-career physical scientists are having to cope with in a post-cold war environment. It's also the conclusion of a survey of CEO's from 500 of the Fortune 1000 companies in the U.S, undertaken in September and October 1995 by the Johnson School of Management at Cornell. Corporations are becoming more and more concerned about "science and technological illiteracy" on the part of their managers.

Tobias, Sheila

1996-09-01

323

Air, Ocean and Climate Monitoring Enhancing Undergraduate Training in the Physical, Environmental and Computer Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Faculty in the Department of Physical, Environmental and Computer Sciences strongly believe in the concept that undergraduate research and research-related activities must be integrated into the fabric of our undergraduate Science and Technology curricula. High level skills, such as problem solving, reasoning, collaboration and the ability to engage in research, are learned for advanced study in graduate school or for competing for well paying positions in the scientific community. One goal of our academic programs is to have a pipeline of research activities from high school to four year college, to graduate school, based on the GISS Institute on Climate and Planets model.

Hope, W. W.; Johnson, L. P.; Obl, W.; Stewart, A.; Harris, W. C.; Craig, R. D.

2000-01-01

324

A Comparison of Three Methods of Training Communication Skills: Social Conflict, Modeling, and Conflict-Modeling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three methods for training communication skills, social-conflict method, modeling, and conflict-modeling, were devised to correct specific deficiencies in children's communication behavior. Subjects were 40 kindergarten, first-, second-, and third-grade children. (CM)

Lefebvre-Pinard, Monique; Reid, Luc

1980-01-01

325

Framing Education for a Science of Social Work: Missions, Curriculum, and Doctoral Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work education has historically been grounded in professional practice but recent discussions have urged a reconsideration of social work as a science. Social work is progressively doing more intervention work, service systems research, implementation research, and translational research which are elevating research standards to new levels…

Fong, Rowena

2012-01-01

326

Maths and Science in the Foundry: Integral Components of Accredited Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A workplace literacy project involved complex math and science concepts and applications integral to foundry operations. It demonstrates that, despite lack of formal schooling or English proficiency, workers can learn complex concepts through practical experience and reflection, using their knowledge and skills with contextual cues. (SK)

Deakin, Rosemary

1995-01-01

327

Future Training for Service; A Report to the Library and Information Science Profession.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present thought on professional library and information science education for the future is largely focused on improvements and modifications of present programs. However, more radical changes must be made to prepare professionals to cope with future information needs. Course content, structure, and methods should be altered to deal with new and…

Ely, Donald P.

328

Applied Epistemology and Professional Training in a Science-Based Cultural Enterprise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Receptiveness toward evidence-based practice such as proposed by Chwalisz (2003) (this issue) is a function of how one defines the discipline and how one views counseling and psychotherapy. By acknowledging the dual nature of therapeutic psychology as a science-based cultural enterprise, one may be able to overcome schisms in the field and related…

Hoshmand; Lisa Tsoi

2003-01-01

329

History of Winter (HOW): A Field Science Teacher as Scientist (TAS) Training Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year the NASA (Goddard )History of Winter (HOW) program allows teachers to understand the consequences of one segment of the orbit of the tilted earth in its path around the sun. Scientists from NASA, CRREL, and Michigan Tech, supported by the Whiteface Observatory, and the science program at Northwood School in Lake Placid, New York use the weather and

P. J. Wasilewski; R. Gabrys; K. Bender

2004-01-01

330

Educationally Appropriate Kindergarten Practices. NEA Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basis for educationally worthwhile activities in kindergarten is examined in a series of papers that also provide examples of how kindergarten programs can be organized and worthwhile learning presented to children. Long-term projects or units are seen as useful vehicles of instruction, and organizing teaching around topics or themes is shown…

Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

331

Full-Day Kindergarten: The Need for Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the substantial impact on outcomes for children, states and school districts across the country are addressing issues surrounding early learning opportunities and school readiness for young children. Full-day kindergarten plays an important role in both. Colorado has made significant investments in full-day kindergarten as a means of…

Colorado Children's Campaign, 2008

2008-01-01

332

Sunnyside Unified School District Kindergarten Curriculum Guide. (Revised).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The kindergarten program of Tucson, Arizona's Sunnyside Unified School District aims to provide young children with opportunities to develop strong oral language skills, basic problem-solving abilities, fine and gross motor skills, and feelings of confidence and joy as a learner. In its 10 major sections, this color-coded kindergarten curriculum…

Sunnyside School District, Tucson, AZ.

333

Constructing stories in kindergarten: Children's knowledge of genre  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the ability of 23 kindergarten children to construct stories drawing upon genre conventions in order to differentiate simple narrative stories, a familiar and often?visited genre in the kindergarten literacy classroom, and humorous stories, familiar to the children's literacy experiences mostly outside official literacy curriculum. The data collection included two semi?structured interviews during which children orally created two

Eleni Loizou; Elena Kyriakides; Maria Hadjicharalambous

2011-01-01

334

Readiness To Learn. 1997 Kindergarten Survey Report and County Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of two reports, the first detailing findings of a 1997 Oregon survey to determine the status of the state's current kindergarten children and their developmental readiness for school, and the second providing county data from the survey. Surveys were mailed to 1,141 public school kindergarten teachers and 245 private…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

335

Literacy Development in Whole Language Kindergartens. Technical Report No. 436.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand how children in whole language kindergartens develop as writers and readers, seven kindergarten teacher/researchers and a university teacher/researcher studied 183 children in the Manhattan-Ogden, Kansas, school district over one school year. Each quarter, teachers recorded all the writing behaviors they had observed in their…

Allen, JoBeth

336

Young Children's Computer Skills Development from Kindergarten to Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation explores young children's computer skills development from kindergarten to third grade using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) dataset. The sample size of the study was 8642 children. Latent growth curve modeling analysis was used as an analytical tool to examine the development of children's computer…

Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L.

2011-01-01

337

The Predictive Utility of Kindergarten Screening for Math Difficulty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the reliability, validity, and predictive utility of kindergarten screening for risk for math difficulty (MD). Three screening measures, administered in September and May of kindergarten to 196 students, assessed number sense and computational fluency. Conceptual and procedural outcomes were measured at end of first grade, with…

Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.

2010-01-01

338

Top Ten Tips for Student Teaching in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten student teachers face a unique set of challenges as they strive to meet the needs of very young children. This article presents ten suggestions for ensuring a successful experience. They are based on the authors' many years of experience in working with student teachers placed in kindergarten settings. Arranged in Letterman fashion in…

McKenna, Beverly A.; Strauser, Beverly A.

2010-01-01

339

How do the dinosaurs speak in England? English in kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the project Polly Put the Kettle On: English in Kindergarten is briefly presented, and some results from the project are discussed. English was introduced as a foreign language in 2002–06 to children between three and five years old in two kindergartens in Lillesand, Norway. The meeting with English was based on a strong belief in learning through

Polly Elvin; Eva Maagerø; Birte Simonsen

2007-01-01

340

Teacher-Children Interaction and Concept Development in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes the interaction between teachers and children in kindergarten classrooms in order to identify and describe the discursive strategies of teachers that retrieve children's previous expressions to clarify and specify concepts represented in them. Data analyzed include 90 situations of teacher-children exchanges in 7 kindergarten

Rosemberg, Celia Renata; Silva, Maria Luisa

2009-01-01

341

Kindergarten in Alberta: A Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten marks a new beginning for parents and their children, and presents challenges for parents as their child makes the transition between home and school. This handbook describes what parents can expect from their child's kindergarten program in Alberta, Canada. The handbook describes how young children learn, how their learning is…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

342

Kindergarten in Alberta: A Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten marks a new beginning for parents and their children, and presents challenges for parents as their child makes the transition between home and school. This handbook describes what parents can expect from their child's kindergarten program in Alberta, Canada. The handbook describes how young children learn, how their learning is…

Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

343

Kindergarten Children's Understanding of and Attitudes Toward People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the nature of kindergarten children's understanding about and attitudes toward disabilities. Interviews with 77 Canadian children enrolled in inclusive classrooms showed that kindergarten children (a) conceptualize disabilities chiefly according to physical appearances and (b) possess a fairly accurate understanding of some…

Dyson, Lily L.

2005-01-01

344

The Association of Kindergarten Entry Age with Early Literacy Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated whether age at kindergarten entry was associated with early literacy achievement gaps and if these gaps persisted over time. Using the kindergarten age eligibility cutoff date, they created 2 groups of students who represented the oldest and youngest children in a cohort of students in high-poverty, low-performing schools.…

Huang, Francis L.; Invernizzi, Marcia A.

2012-01-01

345

"Academic Redshirting" in Kindergarten: Prevalence, Patterns, and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use two nationally representative data sets to estimate the prevalence of kindergarten "redshirting"--the decision to delay a child's school entry. We find that between 4% and 5.5% of children delay kindergarten, a lower number than typically reported in popular and academic accounts. Male, White, and high-SES children are most…

Bassok, Daphna; Reardon, Sean F.

2013-01-01

346

Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2010-01-01

347

Developing Courteous Listening Skills in Transitional Kindergarten Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This master's paper demonstrates the use of instructional system design in the development of a program to foster courteous listening skills in at-risk, transitional kindergarten students. Instructional production phases of analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation were used. Kindergarten students were presented three lessons…

Kanter, Linda

348

The Public Kindergarten Concept as a Factor in Racial Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of whether the public kindergarten neighborhood can effectively assume a meaningful role in the development of children's racial attitudes is investigated in this study. Focus centers on the public kindergarten since, in the absence of racially mixed neighborhoods, it constitutes the first formal interracial experience for most…

Palmer, Edward L.

349

Using Curriculum-Based Measurement To Monitor Kindergarteners' Mathematics Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine technical and instructional features of a kindergarten curriculum-based measurement (CBM) tool designed to track students' mathematics progress in terms of computational concepts, procedures, and counting strategies. Students in 10 kindergarten classrooms in three elementary schools completed alternate…

Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.

2011-01-01

350

Full-Day Kindergarten: Exploring an Option for Extended Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that full-day kindergarten has become an increasingly popular scheduling option in U.S. schools during the past 30 years, this booklet provides a brief review of recent literature on full-day programs and highlights important considerations for educators, policymakers, and parents assessing their kindergarten options. The booklet also…

Brewster, Cori; Railsback, Jennifer

351

Improving Basic Language Skills of Limited English Proficient Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A kindergarten teacher implemented a 10-week practicum study designed to enhance the English acquisition of 38 limited English proficient kindergarten children. Primary goals of the study were to: (1) narrow the learning gap between the English speaking children and the limited English proficient children; and (2) develop language skills the…

Trute, Joy W.

352

Stop Trying to Make Kids "Ready" for Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this article asks: What is readiness for kindergarten? How do we know when a child is ready? Unfortunately, as with many topics in education reform and improvement, policy makers ignore the complex questions about readiness and instead focus narrowly on select variables. The focus for kindergarten readiness is on select literacy and…

Pretti-Frontczak, Kristie

2014-01-01

353

Motivation for Reading and Writing in Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study characterizes the reading and writing motivations of kindergarten children. Four hundred fifty-one children participated in the study, answering questions measuring value, self-concept, and enjoyment of reading and writing. A factor analysis validated the conceptual motivational constructs. Findings indicate that kindergarten children…

Mata, Lourdes

2011-01-01

354

Teachers’ judgments of problems in the transition to kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examined teachers’ judgments of the prevalence and types of problems children present upon entering kindergarten. A large, national sample of teachers (N = 3,595) was surveyed by using the National Center for Early Development and Learning’s Transition Practices Survey (1996). Teachers reported they perceived that 16% of children had difficult entries into kindergarten. Up to 46% of teachers

Sara E. Rimm-kaufman; Robert C. Pianta; Martha J. Cox

2000-01-01

355

Kindergarten Reading Engagement: An Investigation of Teacher Ratings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined psychometric properties of the Kindergarten Reading Engagement Scale (KRES), a brief teacher-report measure of classroom reading engagement. Participants were 27 students with identified reading deficits from a predominantly low-income, African-American community. Data were collected in kindergarten (Time 1) and first grade…

Clarke, Angela T.; Power, Thomas J.; Blom-Hoffman, Jessica; Dwyer, Julie F.; Kelleher, Constance R.; Novak, Maytali

2004-01-01

356

Aurora City Schools Kindergarten Math Readiness Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program goals and objectives for Kindergarten mathematics readiness in Aurora City Schools are listed and described. Consideration of Kindergarten Philosophy, the diverse population of students, the organizational design of adopted textbooks, child development and learning styles, are all assessed in establishing scope and sequence. The…

Aurora City Schools, OH.

357

Betty Kirby: Travels and Translations in the Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the pervasive influence of progressive education and travel on a public school kindergarten teacher's professional life. In a statement included in her handwritten list of goals for the children in her classroom, she echoed John Dewey, noting that a kindergarten child should "....live life fully and well because this is a…

Sherwood, Elizabeth A.; Freshwater, Amy

2009-01-01

358

Classwide Intervention to Manage Disruptive Behavior in the Kindergarten Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present an investigation of a classwide intervention to reduce disruptive behavior in a kindergarten classroom. Participants included children in 3 kindergarten classrooms and their teachers in an at-risk school district in Northeast Ohio. On the basis of student behaviors and teacher goals, the authors chose the Good Behavior Game…

McGoey, Kara E.; Schneider, Dana L.; Rezzetano, Kristin M.; Prodan, Tana; Tankersley, Melody

2010-01-01

359

Parent education for kindergarten mothers: Needs assessment and predictor variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated present methods of parent education in the kindergartens, mother's level of and need for knowledge about child development areas, and the variables that related to mothers’ needs in these areas. The subjects of this study were 80 teachers and 67 mothers of 21 kindergartens in Seoul, Korea. The instruments were two questionnaires on a 4?point Likert scale.

Moon Ja Chung

1993-01-01

360

Relationship between Kindergarten Children's Language Ability and Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research investigated the hypothesis that teachers' ratings of kindergarten children's receptive and expressive language ability would be related to children's social competence. Teachers' ratings of social competence were obtained for a sample of 116 kindergarten children. Social competence was measured using the California Preschool Social…

Longoria, Adelina Q.; Page, Melanie C.; Hubbs-Tait, Laura; Kennison, Shelia M.

2009-01-01

361

Evaluation of an Extended-Day Kindergarten Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a model for an extended-day kindergarten program that had been in operation in select schools for nearly 20 years, a southeastern Virginia school division expanded the Extended-Day Kindergarten (EDK) Program with an additional 40 classes in 39 schools during the 2006-2007 school year. The EDK Program supplemented the traditional half-day…

Janicki, Heidi L.

2011-01-01

362

Preliminary Development of the Kindergarten Student Entrance Profile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition into kindergarten is important because it sets the foundation for future academic achievement. Identifying a child's readiness at school entry and intervening appropriately facilitates positive academic outcomes. The Kindergarten Student Entrance Profile (KSEP) is a school district developed universal screening measure used to…

Lilles, Elena; Furlong, Michael; Quirk, Matthew; Felix, Erika; Dominguez, Karin; Anderson, Mona

2009-01-01

363

Greek Kindergarten Teachers' Beliefs and Practices in Early Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work describes a survey conducted in Syros Island in Greece. The intention was to ascertain kindergarten teachers' perceptions about early literacy and the skills and knowledge they consider as important for pre-school aged children. The participants were all the kindergarten teachers of the island (N = 19) and the data were collected during…

Stellakis, Nektarios

2012-01-01

364

Journeying into Mathematics through Storybooks: A Kindergarten Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a lesson study project that explored the impact of using storybooks to teach mathematics in three kindergarten classrooms. The study involved three kindergarten teachers and three university educators, who collaborated to plan, design, implement revise, and reflect on a unit of mathematics that focused on the concept of…

Wilburne, Jane Murphy; Napoli, Mary; Keat, Jane B.; Dile, Kimberly; Trout, Michelle; Decker, Suzan

2007-01-01

365

Kindergarten Year. Findings from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The kindergarten year marks a period of rapid change in the ways children think about themselves and the world around them. This change is influenced by both developmental factors (e.g., age, maturation) and environmental factors (e.g., schooling, home ed...

J. West K. Denton L. M. Reaney

2001-01-01

366

Examining the Effects of Pre-Kindergarten Enrollment on Kindergarten Reading Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research indicates that there are many benefits to pre-kindergarten participation which includes positive social and emotional benefits and academic achievement gains (Barnett et al., 2005; Cody, 1993; Neuman, 2007; U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services, 2010). The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the effects of the…

Chapman, Angela M.

2010-01-01

367

The Effects of Preschool Attendance & Kindergarten Schedule: Kindergarten through Grade Four. A Longitudinal Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined the effects on children of three kindergarten schedules: half day, alternate day, and full day. A secondary purpose was to examine the relationship between preschool attendance and subsequent school performance. Two additional variables thought to be related to school success were also explored: children's gender,…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Early Childhood Education.

368

The Healthy Kindergarten: A Model Project of Health Promotion in the Kindergartens of the Czech Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the preschool period is important for the formation of individual habits and modes of behavior related to health, the Czech Republic initiated the Healthy Kindergarten (HK) Project, thereby expanding the Healthy School Project for primary schools introduced into the country by the World Health Organization. This report describes the HK…

Havlinova, Miluse; Kopriva, Pavel

369

Education in the 80's: Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to serve as a resource for science teachers, kindergarten through college, this publication contains 10 chapters, each focused on a topic of interest to science teachers working in the 1980's. Chapter titles and their authors are: (1) Understanding Science as a Cultural Phenomenon - Mission for the 80's, Drew Christianson; (2) What…

Rowe, Mary Budd, Ed.

370

The Effect of Having Previously Attended Junior Kindergarten on "Draw-A-Classroom" Test Scores Obtained in Senior Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data are presented which show the degree to which specific prior exposure to a learning situation (Junior Kindergarten) is reflected in the scores of children who had this experience compared to a group of their peers who did not. Scores obtained in Senior Kindergarten on the Draw-a-Classroom Test (DAC) are used as the measurement method. The…

Rogers, Rex S.

371

Developing a Successful High School Science Research Program via Teacher Training, Student Internships, and Community Support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the Science Research Program is to allow students to perform authentic scientific research in disciplines of their choosing over a period of 3 years. The success of the program has allowed for expansion including community involvement, student mentorship, and a series of professional development programs. Through state and national competition and community symposia, student research is evaluated, showcased, and subsequently supported both idealistically and financially by local government and industrial partnerships. Student internships and university/industrial mentorship programs allow students to pursue research topics and utilize equipment exceeding the scope of the secondary science classroom. Involved teachers have developed and delivered professional development workshops to foster the successful implementation of scientific research programs at additional high schools throughout the state.

Danch, J. M.; Darytichen, F.

2004-12-01

372

An Empirically-Based Statewide System for Identifying Quality Pre-Kindergarten Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents an empirically-based statewide system that links information about pre-kindergarten programs with children's school readiness scores to certify pre-kindergarten classrooms as promoting school readiness. Over 8,000 children from 1,255 pre-kindergarten classrooms were followed longitudinally for one year. Pre-kindergarten quality…

Williams, Jeffrey M.; Landry, Susan H.; Anthony, Jason L.; Swank, Paul R.; Crawford, April D.

2012-01-01

373

Transition to Kindergarten: Reaching Back to Preschoolers and Parents through Shared Summer School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Making the transition from preschool to kindergarten is a milestone in a young child's life, and it does not always go smoothly. Consequently, the authors developed Shared Summer School, a unique approach to kindergarten transition, in which preschool and kindergarten teachers jointly taught children prior to their kindergarten entry. Shared…

Dail, Alanna Rochelle; McGee, Lea M.

2008-01-01

374

An introduction to the application of science-based training technology.  

PubMed

Animal training is an applied technology. Its foundation is rooted in the principles of behavior analysis. Understanding these principles of learning theory can be an important component of successful behavior modification; however, true behavior change is the result of practical application. Knowing the principles versus applying the technology are two very different skill sets. Animal trainers utilize a variety of specific tools, strategies and techniques to create a situation in which an animal will successfully learn to present a designated behavior. This article discusses the elements and process involved in the successful application of behavior change technology to create desired behaviors. PMID:22998956

Heidenreich, Barbara

2012-09-01

375

An Analysis of the Training, Attitudes, and Competence of the Preservice Elementary Teacher in Science Education at the University of Oregon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of this study was to analyze the training, attitudes, and competence of the preservice elementary teacher in science education. Sixty-eight preservice teachers in elementary education, participating in the terminal student teaching experience, provided the sample population for this study. The following instruments were used: (1)…

Christiansen, Lee Eugene

376

A Cross-College Age Study of Science and Nonscience Students' Conceptions of Basic Astronomy Concepts in Preservice Training for High-School Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reports the results of a a questionaire that was given to 433 students in college preservice training for future high school teachers. Results indicated that science and nonscience majors held a series of misconceptions on several central topics in basic astronomy.

Trumper, Ricardo

2006-07-17

377

Chemistry for the Life Sciences. An Instructor Resource Guide. Appendix to a Final Report on the Paraprofessional Rurally Oriented Family Home Health Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's resource guide, one in a series of products from a project to develop an associate degree program for paraprofessional rural family health promoters, deals with teaching chemistry for the life sciences. Covered in the first section of the volume are the role of chemistry in rural health promotional training, general objectives…

Odom, H. Clyde; Myer, Donna Foster

378

Case Studies in Science Education: JennieÂK  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A kindergarten class is introduced to plant seeds: what seeds do, and what you get from seeds. There is also a teacher interview during which the goals and next steps are discussed. Also a brief discussion on teaching science.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

379

Register of Education and Training Activities in Librarianship, Information Science and Archives = Inventaire des activites de formation dans le domaine de la bibliotheconomie, des sciences de l'information et de l'archivistique = Inventario de las actividades de formacion en la esfera de la bibliotecologia, las ciencias de la informacion y la archivologia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This register provides information on information science, librarianship, documentation, and archival science training activities conducted outside regular university courses organized by specialized schools. Based on a December 1980 UNESCO questionnaire ...

E. deGrolier

1982-01-01

380

A study of kindergarten children's spatial representation in a mapping project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This phenomenological study examined kindergarten children's development of spatial representation in a year long mapping project. Findings and discussion relative to how children conceptualised and represented physical space are presented in light of theoretical notions advanced by Piaget, van Hiele, and cognitive science researchers Battista and Clements. Analyses of the processes the children used and their finished products indicate that children can negotiate meaning for complex systems of geometric concepts when given opportunities to debate, negotiate, reflect, evaluate and seek meaning for representing space. The complexity and "holistic" nature of spatial representation of young children emerged in this study.

Davis, Genevieve A.; Hyun, Eunsook

2005-02-01

381

Science for Kids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ACS collection Science for Kids presents many science concepts at a level that kids from kindergarten through 8th grade can understand. The activities demonstrate chemistry and physics in fun and engaging ways, and many of the activities can be used at home as well as in the classroom. Also included are interviews with practicing chemists to teach students about various career options that use chemistry. Many resources are available in Spanish.

2012-10-11

382

History of Winter (HOW): A Field Science Teacher as Scientist (TAS) Training Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Each year the NASA (Goddard )History of Winter (HOW) program allows teachers to understand the consequences of one segment of the orbit of the tilted earth in its path around the sun. Scientists from NASA, CRREL, and Michigan Tech, supported by the Whiteface Observatory, and the science program at Northwood School in Lake Placid, New York use the weather and the stratigraphy in the ice and snow, that are the consequences of the weather changes, as "teachers" in a team study of the winter record. Snow in the air and on the ground, ice, its crystal structure and axial orientation, and the ecosystem consequences of snow and ice constitute the weeklong content package. Teacher Professional Development Standards A, B, C, and D were the guiding principles in developing HOW. The content structure was formulated as sets of protocols that could serve as inserts into lesson plans and inquiry guidelines. The concept of HOW within NASA is to provide understanding of the "WHY?" and "WHAT?" of satellite remote sensing. The content is appropriate ground validation. Techniques presented in protocols are identical to those used by professionals who study snow pits, evaluate features in snow metamorphism, and study thin sections of ice cores drilled in ice caps and glaciers. Tools that are used, such as the I-button thermochron, polarizer sheets, and density tubes are taken back to the schools to be used throughout the year in a variety of ways that are described in the weeklong HOW event. The HOW Teacher as Scientist (TAS) model is a flexible model. HOW enables teachers who are required to use inquiry-based facilitation in the classroom to experience inquiry themselves. Teachers with little science content background as well as those with Science degrees have participated in HOW with accommodations for differentiation of instruction so that each group leaves with a mastery of the content that is appropriate for the transition to presentation in the classroom. Each year builds on the previous year ensuring a time series record of the history of winter-by itself a learning experience. http://www.blueiceonline.org http://www.historyofwinter.org

Wasilewski, P. J.; Gabrys, R.; Bender, K.

2004-12-01

383

Student teachers' confidence to teach science: is more science knowledge necessary to improve self-confidence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years there has been renewed concern expressed about the state of science teaching in many primary and preschool (elementary and kindergarten) classrooms, and the poor science background knowledge of many teachers. The teachers’ lack of confidence to teach science has been largely attributed to their poor background knowledge. A reaction from teacher educators, such as recommended by the

Ken Appleton

1995-01-01

384

Diggers to Divers, Geology K-6; Elementary Science Unit No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, part of a series of science units, stresses concept-learning through the discovery approach and child-centered activities. It is intended that the unit will be studied in depth by grades 3, 4, 5, and 6. Kindergarten pupils will study the unit in less detail. "Our Useful Rocks" is studied in the kindergarten, "Rocks - Then…

Bethlehem Area Schools, PA.

385

A Collaborative Strategy with Medical Providers to Improve Training for Teachers of Children with Cancer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to illustrate the collaborative development of a teacher training program for teachers who have a child with cancer in their classroom. Five hundred twenty-eight kindergarten through 12th grade public school teachers were surveyed to identify their training needs. Based on these needs a computer-based training program…

Brown, Michael B.; Bolen, Larry M.; Brinkman, Tara M.; Carreira, Kay; Cole, Susan

2011-01-01

386

Self-Recording in Kindergarten: A Study in Naturalistic Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of kindergarten students (N=21) self recording their progress in learning skills. Results showed that rate of achievement increased dramatically when the children began to keep and display their own records. (JAC)

Studwell, Patti; Moxley, Roy

1984-01-01

387

Assessing Kindergarten Children: A Compendium of Assessment Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is designed to provide a quick overview of assessment instruments that can be used with kindergarten-aged children. Schools and state departments of education often need information on assessment instruments and lack a comprehensive resource th...

J. Niemeyer C. Scott-Little

2002-01-01

388

The Stanford Preschool Internal-External Scale: Extension to Kindergarteners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Stanford Preschool Internal-External Scale (SPIES) was administered to middle class kindergarten children to investigate whether the characteristics of the test would remain stable as it did for the normative sample. (Author/DEP)

Chartier, George M.; And Others

1976-01-01

389

The Interrelationships of Mathematical Precursors in Kindergarten  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated the interrelations among cognitive precursors across quantitative, linguistic, and spatial attention domains that have been implicated for math achievement in young children. The dimensionality of the quantity precursors was evaluated in 286 Kindergarteners via latent variable techniques, and the contribution of precursors from each domain was established for small sums addition. Results showed a five factor structure for the quantity precursors with the major distinction between nonsymbolic and symbolic tasks. The overall model demonstrated good fit, and strong predictive power (R2 = 55%) for addition number combinations. Linguistic and spatial attention domains showed indirect relationships with outcomes, with their effects mediated by symbolic quantity measures. These results have implications for the measurement of mathematical precursors, and yield promise for predicting future math performance.

Cirino, Paul T.

2011-01-01

390

The effect of preschool attendance on children's readiness for kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this causal-comparative study was to determine the effect of attendance of preschool, the type of preschool, socioeconomic status, and gender has on the readiness of children entering kindergarten using their Brigance Screen entrance test. Two hundred and one students entering kindergarten in the 2007–2008 school year from DeKalb County, Tennessee participated in the study. These students attended

Billy Thomas Tanner

2008-01-01

391

Improving science literacy and education through space life sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) encourages open involvement by scientists and the public at large in the Institute's activities. Through its Education and Public Outreach Program, the Institute is supporting national efforts to improve Kindergarten through grade twelve (K-12) and undergraduate education and to communicate knowledge generated by space life science research to lay audiences. Three academic institutions—Baylor

Milton C. Clipper

2001-01-01

392

The effect of facilitator training on the development and practice of participants in an online induction program for teachers of science and mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning in computer-mediated conferencing systems requires frequent and open interaction in environments that foster sharing and examination of group knowledge and experiences. Written dialogue is the means by which this interaction takes place. This study examined the effects of a training program designed for facilitators in the e-Mentoring for Student Success (eMSS) program, which provides online induction for beginning science

Peggy Sue Taylor

2007-01-01

393

Earth Science Content Guidelines Grades K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teams of teachers, other science educators, and scientists selected from a national search for project writers have proposed using the following set of questions to guide the inclusion of earth science content into the kindergarten through grade 12 curriculum. The Essential Questions are organized in a K-12 sequence by six content areas: (1) Solid…

American Geological Inst., Alexandria, VA.

394

Training the Next Generation of Teaching Professors: A Comparative Study of Ph.D. Programs in Political Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we investigate the graduate curricula of political science programs and 122 Ph.D.-granting political science programs in the United States and how they seek to prepare political science teachers. We first investigate whether the department offers a dedicated political science course at the graduate level on college teaching, and…

Ishiyama, John; Miles, Tom; Balarezo, Christine

2010-01-01

395

Science: Grade 9. Interim Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is one of a set of 10 science guides, each covering a separate grade in Manitoba, together covering kindergarten through grade 9. The guides have been designed to provide a framework for building scientific concepts and developing the learning of process skills. They replace an earlier set of guides dated 1979. Each guide is essentially…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

396

Science: Grade 8. Interim Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is one of a set of 10 science guides, each covering a separate grade in Manitoba, together covering kindergarten through grade 9. The guides have been designed to provide a framework for building scientific concepts and developing the learning of process skills. They replace an earlier set of guides dated 1979. Each guide is essentially…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

397

Physiological Effects of Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With the evolution of exercise science a vast amount of information concerning the physiological effects of training has been generated. Understanding the basic training responses and adaptations of various modes of conditioning can give the clinician ins...

W. J. Kraemer W. L. Daniels

1985-01-01

398

Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science Magazine online. Access abstracts and full text articles updated weekly. Browse through the current issue or archived articles. Obtain information on magazine subscriptions and student, educator, and scientist awards. A wealth of science information is at your fingertips in all disciplines, particularly medicine. Links to other AAAS resources including extensive career information and the latest in HIV/AIDS and aging research.

399

Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on science instruction and technology: "A 3-D Journey in Space: A New Visual Cognitive Adventure" (Yoav Yair, Rachel Mintz, and Shai Litvak); "Using Collaborative Inquiry and Interactive Technologies in an Environmental Science Project for Middle School Teachers: A Description and Analysis" (Patricia…

Roach, Linda E., Ed.

400

Dance Dynamics--Dance Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five articles on dance dynamics and dance science focus on incorporating dance science into techniques class and performance training, the role of body therapies in dance training, psychological and nutritional concerns in dance, and training dancers and preventing injuries. (JD)

Dunn, Jan, Ed.

1990-01-01

401

Postdoctoral Training in the Biomedical Sciences: An Evaluation of NIGMS (National Institute of General Medical Sciences) Postdoctoral Traineeship and Fellowship Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since 1958, the NIGMS has engaged in and promoted a program of postdoctoral training with two general goals: To enlarge and improve the pool of manpower available for biomedical research; and to provide for advanced training of researchers in the nation's...

1973-01-01

402

Postdoctoral Training in the Biomedical Sciences: An Evaluation of NIGMS [National Institute of General Medical Sciences] Postdoctoral Traineeship and Fellowship Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1958, the NIGMS has engaged in and promoted a program of postdoctoral training with two general goals: To enlarge and improve the pool of manpower available for biomedical research; and to provide for advanced training of researchers in the nation's graduate and medical schools. Conclusions regarding the effectiveness of postdoctoral…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

403

The Role of Children's Journals in Elementary School Science Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study that investigated ways in which children's use of science journals aided their acquisition of science understanding in one kindergarten and one fourth-grade classroom. Indicates that children recontextualized their understandings of science investigations and phenomena by using three types of mental contexts reflected in their…

Shepardson, Daniel P.; Britsch, Susan J.

2001-01-01

404

The Bayer Facts of Science Education: An Assessment of Elementary School Parent and Teacher Attitudes toward Science Education. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a nationwide, random telephone survey conducted with parents and teachers of children in kindergarten through fifth grade. The survey measured parents' and teachers': (1) interest in and attitudes toward science; (2) comfort level teaching and talking about science; (3) use of hands-on science activities and teaching methods;…

Research Communications, Ltd., Dedham, MA.

405

Early Math Matters: Kindergarten Number Competence and Later Mathematics Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Children’s number competencies over 6 time points, from the beginning of kindergarten to the middle of 1st grade, were examined in relation to their mathematics achievement over 5 later time points, from the end of 1st grade to the end of 3rd grade. The relation between early number competence and mathematics achievement was strong and significant throughout the study period. A sequential process growth curve model showed that kindergarten number competence predicted rate of growth in mathematics achievement between 1st and 3rd grades as well as achievement level through 3rd grade. Further, rate of growth in early number competence predicted mathematics performance level in 3rd grade. Although low-income children performed more poorly than their middle-income counterparts in mathematics achievement and progressed at a slower rate, their performance and growth were mediated through relatively weak kindergarten number competence. Similarly, the better performance and faster growth of children who entered kindergarten at an older age were explained by kindergarten number competence. The findings show the importance of early number competence for setting children’s learning trajectories in elementary school mathematics.

Jordan, Nancy C.; Kaplan, David; Ramineni, Chaitanya; Locuniak, Maria N.

2009-01-01

406

Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children--2001 (Books published in 2000)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The books that appear in this annotated bibliography were selected as outstanding children's science trade books published in 2000. They are intended primarily for kindergarten through eighth grade. They were selected by members of a book review panel app

2001-03-01

407

Changing the Kindergarten Cutoff Date: Effects on California Students and Schools. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California has one of the latest kindergarten entry cutoff dates in the nation, December 2, which effectively allows children as young as four years, nine months to enter kindergarten. Proponents of moving the cutoff date to earlier in the year contend that children who enter kindergarten before age five are not developmentally mature enough yet…

Cannon, Jill S.; Lipscomb, Stephen

2008-01-01

408

Home and Instruction Effects on Emergent Literacy in a Sample of Chilean Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the home literacy experiences, emergent literacy skills, and instructional experiences of a sample of Chilean kindergarten children (n = 126) and kindergarten families (n = 188) nested in 12 kindergarten classrooms from different socioeconomic status groups and types of schools. Descriptive information is given showing the level…

Strasser, Katherine; Lissi, Maria Rosa

2009-01-01

409

What Did the Teacher Say Today? State Religious Kindergarten Teachers Deal with Complex Torah Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with the way in which kindergarten teachers in state religious kindergartens in Israel tell the Torah stories to children. It examines the influence of the teachers' identity, being part of the religious Zionist society, on the way in which she tells the stories. These kindergarten teachers function at a crossroads of…

Achituv, Sigal

2013-01-01

410

Relation between Children's Attachment to Kindergarten Teachers, Personality Characteristics and Play Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop the "observational scheme of child's free play in kindergarten" (OFP) and examine the associations between "child's attachment to his/her kindergarten teacher" (CAKT) and: (1) cognitive and social play behaviour, (2) child's contacts with his/her peers and teacher during free play session in kindergarten,…

Cugmas, Zlatka

2011-01-01

411

Enriching Kindergarten Learners' English by Using Language Portfolio and Additional Instructional Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though pre-school education is not compulsory in Turkey, having foreign language education in kindergarten has been an upward trend lately. Besides, as there has been an increasing demand on language education in kindergartens, a large number of kindergartens have begun to give English language education so as to meet the demand. However, most of…

Zorba, Mehmet Galip; Tosun, Sezen

2011-01-01

412

The Longitudinal Effects of Kindergarten Enrollment and Relative Age on Children's Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research findings suggest that there may be some academic benefits for those children whose kindergarten enrollment is delayed, and the risk of underachievement seems to be greater for children who are younger when they first enter kindergarten. Although kindergarten enrollment occurs naturally, certain child, family, and childcare…

Dagli, Ummuhan Yesil; Jones, Ithel

2013-01-01

413

Kindergarten Alternatives for the Child Who Is "Not Ready": Problems and Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While a child's eligibility to enter kindergarten is usually based on chronological age, public schools are increasingly concerned about children who appear not ready for a regular kindergarten program. Alternative programs, often termed "developmental" kindergartens, have developed rapidly over the past few years, largely under local school…

Morado, Carolyn

414

The Role of RtI in a Kindergarten Enrichment Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers used a kindergarten screening to identify kindergarten students at risk for difficulties in reading (phonological awareness) and writing (fine motor and perceptual skills) prior to beginning the school year. Of the 102 incoming kindergarten students, 54 showed signs of reading or writing difficulties. These 54 children participated in…

Hamm, Ellen M.; Harper, Kelly A.

2014-01-01

415

A Study of the Effect of All Day Kindergarten on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This causal/comparative study answered: Does the attainment of year-end kindergarten reading benchmark status vary between students enrolled in half-day kindergarten and those enrolled in full-day kindergarten after controlling for differences in initial instructional recommendations? The researcher analyzed the 2005-2006 achievement of 906…

Stiffler, Darwin J.

2010-01-01

416

Behavioral Engagement in Learning and Math Achievement over Kindergarten: A Contextual Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using nationally representative data on 12,462 kindergarten children, this report examines the link between behavioral engagement and math achievement growth during kindergarten. Multilevel models show that students with higher individual engagement tend to experience larger math achievement growth over kindergarten, that classroom engagement…

Robinson, Keith; Mueller, Anna S.

2014-01-01

417

Personality Types of Hong Kong Kindergarten Teachers: Implications for Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While an individual's personality is related to his or her well-being, little research has examined kindergarten teachers' personality. This research was the first to investigate Hong Kong kindergarten teachers' personality types using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Three hundred and seventy-one kindergarten teachers…

Wong, Yau-ho Paul; Li-fang, Zhang

2013-01-01

418

Project Early Kindergarten Evaluation: Results through 2008-09 of a Saint Paul Public Schools Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Saint Paul Public Schools' Project Early Kindergarten program aims to improve the school readiness of Saint Paul children. The program began in 10 Saint Paul schools in fall 2005, and expanded to community child care settings a year later. Project Early Kindergarten (PEK) has since become the model for pre-kindergarten programs district-wide…

Schultz, Jennifer Lee; Gozali-Lee, Edith; Mueller, Dan

2009-01-01

419

The Digestive System and Alcohol Use. Science of Alcohol Curriculum for American Indians. Training Unit [and] Participant Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science of Alcohol Curriculum for American Indians uses the Medicine Circle and the "new science paradigm" to study the science of alcohol through a culturally relevant holistic approach. Intended for teachers and other educational personnel involved with American Indians, this curriculum presents a framework for alcohol education that…

Jacobs, Cecelia; And Others

420

A comparison on inclusive practices for children with special needs in faith-based kindergartens in Hong Kong.  

PubMed

This qualitative study aimed to examine the inclusive practices implemented in three faith-based kindergartens in Hong Kong. A questionnaire was used to collect information about school backgrounds, students' special needs, teacher training, special education services, curriculum design, school policy, parental involvement, and challenges faced by these schools when implementing their inclusive practices. The primary focus of this study was the influence of faiths on the provision of inclusive services for children with special needs. The results indicated that faiths, along with other factors, have played a significant role in contributing to the inclusive education services provided to children in these schools. PMID:23325105

Lai, Yue Sum Sharon; Zhang, Kaili Chen

2014-06-01

421

Science Activities Manual K - 8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Tennessee at Martin provides hands-on science materials in order to "bring students physically and mentally into touch with the science they are studying." This website offers many lesson plans for grades kindergarten through eighth in various science fields including physics, meteorology, geology, oceanography, and space science. Students can learn about the process of scientific research from observing to analyzing and explaining the data they collected. The website also covers topics in societal perspectives of and the unifying concepts of science. Each module is well organized into appropriate sections so that instructors can easily implement the activities into their classrooms.

422

A Typology of Research Training in University-Industry Collaboration: The Case of Life Sciences in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the educational implications of research collaboration between university and industry for the research training of doctoral students. It is concerned with the issues of how research training is constructed in such collaborations and what might be the effects of collaboration on doctoral students' learning. The study adopts a…

Chiang, Kuang-Hsu

2011-01-01

423

How To Write Good Science Books for Children & Youths. Asian Cultural Center Training Course on Book Production in Asia and the Pacific (25th, Tokyo, Japan, October 30-November 16, 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is of critical importance in the Asia/Pacific region to produce quality science books which are attractive and interesting for children and youths and which can also stimulate their interest in science and provide them with accurate scientific knowledge in an easily understandable way. This publication is a report of a training course on book…

Asian Cultural Centre for UNESCO, Tokyo (Japan).

424

Infancy Predictors of Preschool and Post-kindergarten Executive Function  

PubMed Central

Little is known about factors that promote optimal development of executive function skills. The focus of this study was associations among early maternal behaviors, infant frontal brain electrical activity, and child executive functions at age four and following kindergarten. Infant frontal electroencephalogram was collected from 56 infants at 10 months of age and maternal positive affect was observed. Children completed executive function measures in the research laboratory at age four; parental-reported executive function was obtained following children’s kindergarten year. Maternal positive affect and infant frontal brain electrical activity measured when the children were 10 months jointly and uniquely predicted both preschool and post-kindergarten executive function. Findings suggest parenting behavior and brain development in infancy are precursors of later self-regulatory executive function abilities.

Kraybill, Jessica H.; Bell, Martha Ann

2012-01-01

425

Modular Applications with Smartphones and Smartpads in Shape, Color and Spectral Measurements for Industry, Biology and Medicine plus Science, Education and Training  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aim of the paper is the demonstration of a paradigm shift in shape, color and spectral measurements in industry, biology and medicine as well as in measurement science, education and training. Laboratory applications will be supplemented and replaced by innovative in-field and point-of-care applications. Innovative functional modules are smartphones and/or smartpads supplemented by additional hardware apps and software apps. Specific examples are given for numerous practical applications concerning optodigital methods. The methodological classification distinguishes between different levels for combinations of hardware apps (hwapps) and software apps (swapps) with smartphones and/or smartpads. These methods are fundamental enablers for the transformation from conventional stationary working places in industry, biology, medicine plus science, education and training towards innovative mobile working places with in-field and point-of-care characteristics as well as mobile open online courses MOOCs. The innovative approach opens so far untapped enormous markets for measurement science and engineering. These working conditions will be very common due to their convenience, reliability and affordability. The fundamental enablers are smartphones and/or smartpads. A highly visible advantage of smartphones and/or smartpads is the huge number of their distribution, their worldwide connectivity via Internet and cloud services and the experienced capabilities of their users for practical operations. Young people are becoming the pioneers.

Hofmann, Dr Dietrich, Prof; Eng Paul-Gerald Dittrich, B.; Düntsch, B. Eng Eric; Kraus, Daniel; Gärtner, Claudia, Dr; Klemm, Dipl-Ing Richard

2013-09-01

426

The effect of facilitator training on the development and practice of participants in an online induction program for teachers of science and mathematics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Learning in computer-mediated conferencing systems requires frequent and open interaction in environments that foster sharing and examination of group knowledge and experiences. Written dialogue is the means by which this interaction takes place. This study examined the effects of a training program designed for facilitators in the e-Mentoring for Student Success (eMSS) program, which provides online induction for beginning science and mathematics teachers. The training was designed to improve the quality of dialogue among participants in the program. The intervention consisted of three components: (1) an online training institute prior to beginning of the program year, (2) placement of facilitators in positions within the discussion areas of the program, and (3) ongoing online support for practicing facilitators. Three examinations were conducted in this mixed-method study. First, preintervention program dialogue was quantitatively compared to post-intervention program dialogue through use of a program-specific rubric to code program discussions. Second, case studies were conducted to determine how the training affected the practices of seven program facilitators and which components of the training effected change or growth. Third, pre and post intervention surveys were administered to all participants of the training to obtain their perceptions of their development as a result of the intervention. Comparison of dialogue before and after the intervention indicated a significant improvement in dialogue quality in the discussion areas of the program. Case studies of facilitators' practices revealed areas of the training that impacted the skills and strategies that facilitators used in efforts to foster increased and improved dialogue. Survey results indicated that participants gained a better understanding of what constituted quality dialogue in terms of the eMSS program and how better to foster quality dialogue in an online environment. Components of the training found to be effective in helping facilitators to foster dialogue improvement were: (1) focus on program goals and vision, (2) focus on the nature of online communication, (3) practice with the analysis of actual program dialogue, (4) practice in composing effective online messages. Implications for online facilitators are discussed and recommendations are made for designing training for facilitators to work in computer-mediated conferences.

Taylor, Peggy Sue

427

Developing Print Awareness: The Effect of Three Instructional Approaches on Kindergarteners' Print Awareness, Reading Readiness, and Word Reading  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effectiveness of three instructional approaches for developing kindergarteners' print concepts and print awareness. The study also sought to determine if developing children's print concepts exerted an influence upon their reading readiness and word reading ability at the end of kindergarten. Three intact kindergarten classrooms participated in the study with a total of 132 kindergarten students. The

D. Ray Reutzel; Linda K. Oda; Blaine H. Moore

1989-01-01

428

Early Literacy Instruction and Learning in Kindergarten: Evidence From the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a nationally representative sample of 13,609 kindergarten children in 2,690 classrooms and 788 schools from the base year of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999, along with three-level hierarchical linear models, this study investigates the impact of early literacy instruction on kindergarten children’s learning, as measured by direct cognitive test scores, indirect teacher ratings of children’s

Yange Xue; Samuel J. Meisels

2004-01-01

429

Kindergarten teachers’ perceived school culture and well?being: a comparison of non?profit?making and profit?making kindergartens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has rarely examined teachers’ perceptions of school culture (perceived school culture) and well?being in Hong Kong’s non?profit?making (NPM) and profit?making (PM) kindergartens. Thus, the purpose of this study was twofold: first, it examined the relationships between Hong Kong kindergarten teachers’ perceived school culture and well?being. Second, it compared NPM and PM kindergartens in terms of teachers’ perceived school

Yau Ho P. Wong

2010-01-01

430

A Guide to Classroom Training: A Manual for Classroom Trainers. Waukegan Behavior Analysis Follow Through Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to aid training classroom staff members in training new Behavior Analysis Follow Through teachers. Behavior Analysis Follow Through was designed to meet the educational needs of low-income students in the kindergarten through third grades and was validated as an effective and exemplary educational program by the U. S.…

Beckwith, Gwendolyn Long, Comp.; Stivers, Margaret, Comp.

431

[Contribution of humanities and social sciences to the training of healthcare professionals in Africa: an experience in the context of the mother and child Priority Solidarity Fund].  

PubMed

The mother-and-child Priority Solidarity Fund is a programme supported by Coopération Française in the fields of health, higher education and new technologies. It aims to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of reducing maternal and infantile mortality. This programme, focused on the training of trainers, is developing two innovative plans: digital resources and the integration of the humanities and social sciences. This second aspect is decisive: by aligning content, skills, and needs, it can place greater emphasis on preventive care and give a real meaning to the work of trainers. PMID:24451432

Cauli, Marie

2013-01-01

432

Hampton University (hu) Center for Fusion Research & Training (cfrt) Summer High School Fusion Science Workshops: 1996 Through 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The HU CFRT has conducted Summer High School Fusion Science Energy Workshops during the summers of 1996 through 2000 - a total of five summer fusion science workshops for high school students. These workshops are one of many programs and activities of the center organized and focused around the education, motivation, retention and research experiences for young scholars especially under-represented

Alkesh Punjabi; Halima Ali; Ellis Rhonda; Vincent Tucker

2001-01-01

433

Prevention through Activity in Kindergarten Trial (PAKT): A cluster randomised controlled trial to assess the effects of an activity intervention in preschool children  

PubMed Central

Background Physical activity and motor skills acquisition are of high importance for health-related prevention and a normal development in childhood. However, few intervention studies exist in preschool children focussing on an increase in physical activity and motor skills. Proof of positive effects is available but not consistent. Methods/Design The design, curriculum, and evaluation strategy of a cluster randomised intervention study in preschool children are described in this manuscript. In the Prevention through Activity in Kindergarten Trial (PAKT), 41 of 131 kindergartens of Wuerzburg and Kitzingen, Germany, were randomised into an intervention and a control group by a random number table stratified for the location of the kindergarten in an urban (more than 20.000 inhabitants) or rural area. The aims of the intervention were to increase physical activity and motor skills in the participating children, and to reduce health risk factors as well as media use. The intervention was designed to involve children, parents and teachers, and lasted one academic year. It contained daily 30-min sessions of physical education in kindergarten based on a holistic pedagogic approach termed the "early psychomotor education". The sessions were instructed by kindergarten teachers under regular supervision by the research team. Parents were actively involved by physical activity homework cards. The kindergarten teachers were trained in workshops and during the supervision. Assessments were performed at baseline, 3-5 months into the intervention, at the end of the intervention and 2-4 months after the intervention. The primary outcomes of the study are increases in physical activity (accelerometry) and in motor skills performance (composite score of obstacle course, standing long jump, balancing on one foot, jumping sidewise to and fro) between baseline and the two assessments during the intervention. Secondary outcomes include decreases in body adiposity (BMI, skin folds), media use (questionnaire), blood pressure, number of accidents and infections (questionnaire), increases in specific motor skills (throwing, balancing, complex motor performance, jumping) and in flexibility. Discussion If this trial proofs the effectiveness of the multilevel kindergarten based physical activity intervention on preschooler's activity levels and motor skills, the programme will be distributed nationwide in Germany. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00623844

2010-01-01

434

Early Math Matters: Kindergarten Number Competence and Later Mathematics Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's number competencies over 6 time points, from the beginning of kindergarten to the middle of 1st grade, were examined in relation to their mathematics achievement over 5 later time points, from the end of 1st grade to the end of 3rd grade. The relation between early number competence and mathematics achievement was strong and significant…

Jordan, Nancy C.; Kaplan, David; Ramineni, Chaitanya; Locuniak, Maria N.

2009-01-01

435

Attribution of Causality for Successful Performance by Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three hypotheses were tested regarding the attribution of causation for successful behavior by kindergarten children: (1) self concept--children with high self esteem make internal attributions and those with low self esteem make external attributions; (2) locus of control (LOC)--children with internal LOC make internal attributions and those with…

Burns, John L.; And Others

436

How Can We Make Kindergarten More Effective for Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The title question is discussed in six sections. Structural variables and issues are discussed in subsections concerning: the sex of child, the kindergarten program's day length, type, entrance age, group size, classroom aides and arrangements, and policies on promotion, failure, and retention. Interpersonal variables are explored in terms of…

Honig, Alice Sterling

437

Starting Kindergarten: Transition Issues for Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate issues in transition to kindergarten for children with special needs, we explored several sources of information (peer-reviewed literature, government websites, parent surveys, and interviews with professionals). We found that administrative issues like lack of integration and the evaluation of services available to children and…

Janus, Magdalena; Lefort, Jessica; Cameron, Ruth; Kopechanski, Lauren

2007-01-01

438

Direct and Extended Vocabulary Instruction in Kindergarten: Investigating Transfer Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an 18-week program of direct and extended vocabulary instruction with kindergarten students on both proximal measures of target word knowledge and transfer measures of generalized language and literacy. A second purpose was to examine whether treatment effects would be moderated by…

Coyne, Michael D.; McCoach, D. Betsy; Loftus, Susan; Zipoli, Richard, Jr.; Ruby, Maureen; Crevecoeur, Yvel C.; Kapp, Sharon

2010-01-01

439

"Greatly Changed for the Better": Free Kindergartens as Transatlantic Reformance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historians such as Seth Koven and Carolyn Steedman have shown how visual and literary depictions of children helped move late-nineteenth-century middle- and upper-class audiences to join in child-saving philanthropy aimed at the deserving poor. This essay focuses on an analysis of the promotional literature of the free kindergartens. Starting from…

Nawrotzki, Kristen D.

2009-01-01

440

Exploring Current Arts Practice in Kindergartens and Preparatory Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The arts are an important area of development for young children in their early years. By engaging with arts activities, young children are able to use their senses to explore the world. This paper reports on current arts practice in two kindergartens and two preparatory classrooms in Queensland, Australia. All sites are located in neighbouring…

Garvis, Susanne

2012-01-01

441

Promoting Kindergarten Children's Creativity in the Classroom Environment in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating teachers' classroom practices, which either stimulate or inhibit the development of the creative environment of classrooms in Jordan, and determining the differences between practices according to educational level, experience level and type of teaching. The sample of the study consisted of 215 kindergarten

Dababneh, Kholoud; Ihmeideh, Fathi M.; Al-Omari, Aieman A.

2010-01-01

442

Integrated Instruction Lesson Plans, Kindergarten Level. ESL Course, Summer 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five lesson plans, designed for integrated English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and content instruction at the kindergarten level, are presented. All have the general topic of animal life; the specific lesson topics include: animal characteristics and habitats; drawings of habitats; oral language, questions, and categories; caterpillar…

Batdorf, Barbara; Pecor, Nancy

443

Early Identification of Gifted Minority Kindergarten Students in Newark, NJ.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A screening and assessment procedure has been developed in Newark, New Jersey, to identify gifted inner-city minority kindergarten students. The procedure uses the Brigance K & 1 Screen, a new Gifted Screening intelligence measure, and the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities. The procedure has increased identification of gifted students among…

Feiring, Candice; Louis, Barbara; Ukeje, Ikechukwu; Lewis, Michael; Leong, Philip

1997-01-01

444

Exploring Kindergarten Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess 81 kindergarten teachers' pedagogical content knowledge of mathematics on six subcategory areas such as number sense, pattern, ordering, shapes, spatial sense, and comparison. The data showed participants possessed a higher level of pedagogical content knowledge of "number sense" (M = 89.12) compared to…

Lee, Joohi

2010-01-01

445

Field Independence/Field Dependence and Precocious Kindergarten Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relation between field independence/field dependence (FI/FD) and reading success. One hundred kindergarten children from a predominantly white, middle-class community were administered a Portable Rod and Frame Test as a measure of cognitive style. The upper and lower 27% were identified and designated Field Dependent…

Cox, Diane K.

446

A Comparison of Responsive Interventions on Kindergarteners' Early Reading Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the effects of Tier 2 reading interventions that operated in response-to-intervention contexts. Kindergarten children (N = 90) who were identified as at risk for reading difficulties were stratified by school and randomly assigned to receive (a) Early Reading Intervention (ERI; Pearson/Scott Foresman, 2004) modified in response…

Little, Mary E.; Rawlinson, D'Ann; Simmons, Deborah C.; Kim, Minjung; Kwok, Oi-man; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Leslie E.; Fogarty, Melissa; Oslund, Eric; Coyne, Michael D.

2012-01-01

447

Teaching Guide for the Traffic Signal Light Program: Kindergarten Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teachers' guide provides materials and suggestions for approximately 125 lessons that are designed to increase kindergarten children's traffic safety skills and knowledge. Most of the guide focuses on (1) lessons about physical structures in the pedestrian environment such as sidewalks, curbs, crosswalks, and intersections, and (2) signal…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

448

Ready for Success: Creating Collaborative and Thoughtful Transitions into Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this brief, Christine Patton and Justina Wang, from Harvard Family Research Project, look at ways of helping to make the transition into kindergarten a positive experience that will serve as a foundation to help children reach their full potential throughout their school years. The brief highlights promising practices in six states--New Jersey,…

Patton, Christine; Wang, Justina

2012-01-01

449

“High risk” classroom behaviors in kindergarten and first grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on longitudinal data relating, through correlational and multiple regression analyses, specific overt classroom behaviors exhibited in kindergarten and first grade to academic achievement and classroom adfustment at the end of third grade. Results indicate that the earliest high risk signs include behaviors suggesting lack of self-confidence in decision-making, difficulty in taking action without specific adult support and

George Spivack; Marshall Swift

1977-01-01

450

Interactive Dynamic Assessment with Children Learning EFL in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study of interactive dynamic assessment undertaken by children learning English listening and speaking as a Foreign Language in a kindergarten. It investigates how an interactive dynamic assessment could be designed to assess young English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) learners, what information such an interactive dynamic…

Lin, Zheng

2010-01-01

451

Direct and Extended Vocabulary Instruction in Kindergarten: Investigating Transfer Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an 18-week program of direct and extended vocabulary instruction with kindergarten students on both proximal measures of target word knowledge and transfer measures of generalized language and literacy. A second purpose was to examine whether treatment effects would be moderated by initial receptive vocabulary knowledge measured at pretest. In

Michael D. Coyne; D. Betsy McCoach; Susan Loftus; Richard Zipoli Jr; Maureen Ruby; Yvel C. Crevecoeur; Sharon Kapp

2010-01-01

452

Children's Spirituality as Experienced and Expressed in a Kindergarten Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to provide a rich description of what spiritual experiences look like in children in a kindergarten classroom, in which typically, spirituality is not considered a part of the philosophy or curriculum of the school. This study sought to first describe what constitutes a spiritual experience, to then describe how…

Mata, Jennifer

2010-01-01

453

Predicting Acceptance of Diversity in Pre-Kindergarten Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined classroom-level contributors to an acceptance of diversity in publicly supported pre-kindergarten classrooms across 11 states. Classroom composition, process quality, and teacher characteristics were examined as predictors of diversity-promoting practices as measured by the ECERS-R, acceptance of diversity construct. Findings…

Sanders, Kay; Downer, Jason

2012-01-01

454

Linking Learning: Building Quality Kindergarten in New Jersey. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates for Children of New Jersey (ACNJ) recently examined the status of kindergarten throughout the state and found that for these programs to become that strong linchpin for young students, programs and standards must be strengthened and better coordination must take place between preschool and grades 1st through 3rd. Over the last year, ACNJ…

Donovan, Laura Fasbach

2010-01-01

455

Enrich Your Kindergarten Program with a Cross-Cultural Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a pen pal connection between a New Jersey kindergarten class and an Alaskan Eskimo first-grade class. Details how they used monthly e-mail and regular mail, and exchanged class projects to heighten respect and understanding about others' cultures. Provides examples of monthly contact during one school year and websites for finding a…

Salmon, Michaele; Akaran, Susan Evans

2001-01-01

456

Perceptual Modality and Musical Aptitude among Kindergarten Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between perceptual modality measured by the Swassing-Barbe Modality Index (SBMI) to musical aptitude measured by Primary Measures of Music Audiation (PMMA) in kindergarten students. Reports correlations between the measures that support findings at other grade levels. Supports the theory that perceptual modalities become…

Sanders, Paul D.

1996-01-01

457

Project Earth, A Curriculum Guide, Kindergarten-Primary-Intermediate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conservation curriculum guide contains units on the air, water, soil, plants, and animals. The guide is organized by grade levels--kindergarten, primary, intermediate. Objectives and concepts are listed and suggested activities are complete with a statement of procedure and necessary materials. A resource appendix includes books, films, and…

Rogers, Arnold R., Ed.

458

Theory of mind, attention, and executive function in kindergarten boys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study explored the relationship between theory of mind (ToM), attention, and executive function in 66 kindergarten boys drawn from four rural school districts. Three stories designed to test understanding of first and second order mental states were administered. Executive function and attention were assessed, respectively, by scores on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and the

Mary Elizabeth McGlamery; Steven E. Ball; Tracy B. Henley; Megan Besozzi

2007-01-01

459

Using a Taped Intervention to Improve Kindergarten Students' Number Identification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple baseline design across students was used to evaluate the effects of a taped numbers (TN) intervention on the number-identification accuracy of 4 kindergarten students. During TN, students attempted to name the numbers 0 through 9 on randomized lists before each number was provided via a tape player 2 s later. All 4 students showed…

Krohn, Katherine R.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Fuller, Emily J.; Greear, Corrine

2012-01-01

460

Using Reflection to Increase Children's Learning in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author examines the effectiveness of reflective teaching in Kindergarten which promotes children's learning. Reflective teaching encourages kindergartners to extend their thinking by asking questions and by modeling their own use of reflection. Further, he emphasizes that it is possible for teachers to nurture reflective…

Trudeau, Karen; Harle, Ardith Z.

2006-01-01

461

Mommy, Buy Me a China Doll: A Kindergarten Economics Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monthlong interdisciplinary, award winning project was designed to help kindergarten children in Kentucky understand basic economic principles that affect their daily lives. The children study about the poverty-stricken people of the Appalachian mountain area of the state. Through the operation of a classroom coal mine and company store, the…

Wehmeyer, Mary M.

462

Dimensions of Maladaptive Behavior among Kindergarten Level Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine patterns of maladjustment in preschool children, 173 children from a general kindergarten population were observed and rated by teachers using the Bristol Social Adjustment Guides. Principal-components factor analysis with varimax rotation extracted three dimensions of maladaptivity (i.e., general overreaction, socioemotional…

McDermott, Paul A.; Watkins, Marley W.

1981-01-01

463

The Effects of Playing Educational Video Games on Kindergarten Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated whether kindergarten students who played Sony PlayStation educational video games for 40 minutes daily for 11 weeks learned better than peers who did not play such games. Found that the experimental group gained significantly more than the control group in spelling and decoding on the Wide Range Achievement Test-R3. Found no…

Din, Feng S.; Calao, Josephine

2001-01-01

464

Development and Validation of Kindergarten Environment Rating Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present the development and the validation of the four-dimensional, twenty-five-item, five-point Kindergarten Environment Rating Scale (KERS). The Cohen's Kappa of the items indicates acceptable reliability for the instrument. The content validity and confirmatory factor analysis indicates that the data obtained using the KERS could…

Liu-Yan; Pan-Yuejuan

2008-01-01

465

Assessing Sex Role Development of Kindergarten Mexican-American Boys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess sex role development in Mexican-American males, about 40 kindergarten boys from low middle to very low socioeconomic backgrounds were divided into 2 statistical test groups according to whether their fathers were or were not resident in the home. Data were obtained from toy preference scorings, which followed Biller's 1968 measure;…

Sultemeier, Barbara

466

Colorado Preschool & Kindergarten Program: 2007-08 Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Colorado Preschool and Kindergarten Program (CPKP) began as the Colorado Preschool Project in 1988 when it was authorized to serve 2,000 four and five year olds in need of language development. The General Assembly created this program in recognition of the need to adequately prepare children with specific at-risk factors to learn. The intent…

Colorado Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

467

Neurocognitive Correlates of Socioeconomic Status in Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly associated with cognitive ability and achievement during childhood and beyond. Little is known about the developmental relationships between SES and specific brain systems or their associated cognitive functions. In this study we assessed neurocognitive functioning of kindergarteners from different…

Noble, Kimberly G.; Norman, M. Frank; Farah, Martha J.

2005-01-01

468

Comparing Universal and Targeted Pre-Kindergarten Programs. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared universal (available to all children) and targeted (offered only to children with specific risk factors) Pre-Kindergarten programs. Results showed that two aspects of structural quality (e.g., hours per day and teacher education) were higher in universal programs, but process quality (e.g., child interactions and feedback) was…

Dotterer, Aryn M.; Burchinal, Margaret; Bryant, Donna; Early, Diane; Pianta, Robert C.

2012-01-01

469

Segmentation and Representation of Consonant Blends in Kindergarten Children's Spellings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the growth of children's segmentation and representation of consonant blends in the kindergarten year and to evaluate the extent to which linguistic features influence segmentation and representation of consonant blends. Specifically, the roles of word position (initial blends, final blends),…

Werfel, Krystal L.; Schuele, C. Melanie

2012-01-01

470

Exploring Teacher Perceptions of Small Boys in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the way that teachers perceive the academic abilities of young boys before the start of formal schooling. Using a 1998 nationally representative sample of 10,956 boys assessed at the start of kindergarten, the authors showed that teachers perceive young boys who are shorter than the perceived norm as less academically capable…

Smith, Julia; Niemi, Nancy

2007-01-01

471

Kindergarten Education: Theory, Research, and Practice, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the two issues of a biannually published journal featuring research studies, theoretical essays, and classroom practice articles about the development and education of kindergarten children as well as occasional articles concerning preschool and the early primary grades. The Spring/Summer 2001 issue contains the…

Robinson, Violet B., Ed.

2001-01-01

472

Transition from Long Day Care to Kindergarten: Continuity or Not?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transition practices that ensure continuity between early childhood settings have been shown to be important in assisting children's short-term and long-term growth and development (Vogler, Cravello & Woodhead, 2008). In Western Australia many young children move from and between long day care (LDC) settings to kindergarten. In that state,…

Barblett, Lennie; Barratt-Pugh, Caroline; Kilgallon, Pam; Maloney, Carmel

2011-01-01

473

Testing in the Kindergarten. Technical Report No. 400.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic testing observed in a year-long study of kindergarten classes in 15 districts was primarily concerned with whether children were succeeding with the content of a basal reader readiness workbook that essentially dealt with phonics. Such success was viewed as a prerequisite for the first preprimer in the basal series, the use of which…

Durkin, Dolores

474

Ready to Learn: Teaching Kindergarten Students School Success Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have indicated that children have difficulty learning when they do not demonstrate certain prerequisite learning skills that involve attention, listening comprehension, and social skills. The authors evaluated the Ready To Learn (RTL) curriculum for its effectiveness in improving the prerequisite learning skills in 12 kindergarten classes (260 students) in 3 demographically similar elementary schools. Teachers in target classrooms were

Greg A. Brigman; Linda D. Webb

2003-01-01

475

CURRICULUM GUIDE FOR SOCIAL STUDIES, KINDERGARTEN, GRADES 1, 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

EXTENSIVE RESOURCE MATERIALS ARE PRESENTED FOR A COMPLETE SOCIAL STUDIES COURSE IN GRADES KINDERGARTEN, ONE, AND TWO. RECOGNITION IS GIVEN TO THE FACT THAT TODAY'S EDUCATION MUST BE MULTI-CULTURAL AND CROSS-CULTURAL. EMPHASIS IS PLACED UPON TEACHING OF AMERICAN IDEALS BY PROVIDING MATERIALS AND EXPERIENCES FROM THE VARIOUS DISCIPLINES OF THE…

BOWERS, CATHERINE; AND OTHERS

476

Unit Planning Grids for Visual Arts--Grade Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This grid for planning visual arts teaching in Delaware kindergarten outlines the following six standards for students to complete: (1) students will select and use form, media, techniques, and processes to create works of art and communicate meaning; (2) students will create ways to use visual, spatial, and temporal concepts in creating works of…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover.

477

The Impact of Ready Environments on Achievement in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine how young children's homes and preschool programs influence kindergarten achievement by being "ready environments." Ready environments provide opportunities for cognitive and social growth through culturally and developmentally appropriate activities, interactions, and materials. This study used…

Nelson, Regena Fails

2005-01-01

478

A Pre-Kindergarten Achievement Gap? Scope and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the degree to which achievement gaps existed among different ethnic and racial groups before kindergarten entry. Using published data on the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, this study found statistically significant differences in language knowledge and skills, literacy knowledge and skills, and mathematics…

Wang, Aubrey H.

2008-01-01

479

Child and Home Predictors of Early Numeracy Skills in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the influence of home numeracy experiences on early numeracy skills in kindergarten after controlling for cognitive and linguistic precursors. Eighty-nine children (mean age=6.1 years) were tested on cognitive, linguistic, and early numeracy skills, and their parents completed a questionnaire on home numeracy…

Kleemans, Tijs; Peeters, Marieke; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo

2012-01-01

480

Direct Vocabulary Instruction in Kindergarten: Teaching for Breadth versus Depth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to compare 2 methods for directly teaching word meanings to kindergarten students within storybook read- alouds that varied in instructional time and depth of instruction along with a control condi- tion that provided students with incidental ex- posure to target words. Embedded instruction introduces target word meanings during story- book readings in a time-efficient

Susan Loftus; Sharon Kapp

2009-01-01

481

Direct Vocabulary Instruction in Kindergarten: Teaching for Breadth versus Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare 2 methods for directly teaching word meanings to kindergarten students within storybook read-alouds that varied in instructional time and depth of instruction along with a control condition that provided students with incidental exposure to target words. Embedded instruction introduces target word meanings…

Coyne, Michael D.; McCoach, D. Betsy; Loftus, Susan; Zipoli, Richard, Jr.; Kapp, Sharon

2009-01-01

482

Kindergarten Predictors of Second versus Eighth Grade Reading Comprehension Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple studies have shown that kindergarten measures of phonological awareness and alphabet knowledge are good predictors of reading achievement in the primary grades. However, less attention has been given to the early predictors of later reading achievement. This study used a modified best-subsets variable-selection technique to examine…

Adlof, Suzanne M.; Catts, Hugh W.; Lee, Jaehoon

2010-01-01

483

Implementing Guided Reading Strategies with Kindergarten and First Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the action research project report, the teacher researchers found that many kindergarten and first-grade students did not have the reading readiness skills to be reading at their benchmark target. The purpose of the project was to improve the students overall reading ability. The dates of the project began on September 8 through December 20,…

Abbott, Lindsey; Dornbush, Abby; Giddings, Anne; Thomas, Jennifer

2012-01-01

484

How Play and Work Are Organized in a Kindergarten Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic study examined the organization of work and play in a kindergarten fostering spontaneous play in the generation of work, as inspired by Froebel and Dewey. Found that the dominance of structures favoring work in the use of time, product tracking, and instructive language severely reduced the time, social relationships, and…

Polito, Theodora

1994-01-01

485

Factors Related to Resilience in Preschool and Kindergarten Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to examine the relationship between resilience and within-child characteristics of children under the age of 6. Participants included preschool and kindergarten students (N = 29) and their parents and teachers from two urban communities in New Jersey. Data were obtained through the Joseph Picture Self-Concept Scale (…

Nesheiwat, Kathleen M.; Brandwein, David

2011-01-01

486

Peer Effects on Children's Language Achievement during Pre-Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations between peers' expressive language abilities and children's development of receptive and expressive language among 1,812 four-year olds enrolled in 453 classrooms in 11 states that provide large-scale public pre-kindergarten (pre-k) programs. Higher peer expressive language abilities were positively associated with…

Mashburn, Andrew J.; Justice, Laura M.; Downer, Jason T.; Pianta, Robert C.

2009-01-01

487

Instructional Approaches: Differences between Kindergarten and Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses kindergarten and primary school teachers' preferences for instructional approaches and teaching practices. One hundred and thirty-three teachers from Estonia completed questionnaires. The results showed that the promotion of students' comprehension and independence, enhancing practical application and individualisation of…

Uibu, Krista; Kikas, Eve; Tropp, Kristiina

2011-01-01

488

Handbook for Written Composition, Kindergarten-Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to provide teachers with a framework for writing instruction, this handbook presents the objectives for writing in the elementary schools from kindergarten through grade 8. After a brief overview of the handbook, information covered includes: (1) a description of writing types (creative expression, narration, exposition, persuasion, and…

Chicago Board of Education, IL.

489

Head Start Helps Disadvantaged Students Prepare for Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the correlation between the DIAL-3 scores of disadvantaged students from Head Start, students from other preschools, and students that did not attend a preschool. The study consisted of 110 students who were currently attending kindergarten at an elementary school in Rockland County. The instrument used for this study was the…

Seemungal, Emmeline

2009-01-01

490

Full-Day Kindergarten Effectiveness: Preserve the Investment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies illustrate that achievement gaps between poor and non-poor children already exist at kindergarten (Lee & Burkham, 2002). The larger the gap at the time children enter school, the harder it is to close the gap. This article reviews a case study of one Midwest school district and their attempt at reducing the achievement gap through the…

Raskin, Candace F.; Haar, Jean M.; Zierdt, Ginger

2011-01-01

491

Scientists and the 3Rs: attitudes to animal use in biomedical research and the effect of mandatory training in laboratory animal science.  

PubMed

The 3Rs principle of replacement, reduction, and refinement has increasingly been endorsed by legislators and regulatory bodies as the best approach to tackle the ethical dilemma presented by animal experimentation in which the potential benefits for humans stand against the costs borne by the animals. Even when animal use is tightly regulated and supervised, the individual researcher's responsibility is still decisive in the implementation of the 3Rs. Training in laboratory animal science (LAS) aims to raise researchers' awareness and increase their knowledge, but its effect on scientists' attitudes and practice has not so far been systematically assessed. Participants (n?=?206) in eight LAS courses (following the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations category C recommendations) in Portugal were surveyed in a self-administered questionnaire during the course. Questions were related mainly to the 3Rs and their application, attitudes to animal use and the ethical review of animal experiments. One year later, all the respondents were asked to answer a similar questionnaire (57% response rate) with added self-evaluation questions on the impact of training. Our results suggest that the course is effective in promoting awareness and increasing knowledge of the 3Rs, particularly with regard to refinement. However, participation in the course did not change perceptions on the current and future needs for animal use in research. PMID:23940123

Franco, N H; Olsson, I A S

2014-01-01

492

Visual-Perceptual Training of Field-Dependent and Field-Independent 5-Year-Olds: An Increase in Analytic Visual Ability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten children were exposed to a behavior modification training activity involving perceptual scanning, which was designed to increase the field-independent mode of perception. The training was evaluated, based upon a group of 18 experimental subjects and a control group of 17 children. Subjects in the training group were individually…

Britain, Susan D.; And Others

493

Effects of NIGMS Training Programs on Graduate Education in the Biomedical Sciences. An Evaluative Study of the Training Programs of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences 1958-1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was prepared by the National Research Council, at the request of the National Institutes of Health, in an attempt to evaluate the Graduate Research Training Grant Program and Fellowship Program in bioscience. One of the purposes of the study was to collect objective data that would provide answers to such questions as: What have been…

National Inst. of General Medical Sciences (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

494

Enhancing the Transition to Kindergarten: A Randomized Trial to Test the Efficacy of the "Stars" Summer Kindergarten Orientation Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This randomized trial tested the efficacy of an intensive, four-week summer program designed to enhance low-income children's transition to kindergarten (n's = 60 program children, 40 controls). Administered in four public schools, the program focused on social competence, pre-literacy and pre-numeracy skills, school routines, and parental…

Berlin, Lisa J.; Dunning, Rebecca D.; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2011-01-01

495

L'Entrainement a la Comprehension Ecrite des Etudiants Etrangers de la Faculte des Sciences (Reading Comprehension Training for Foreign Students in the Science Faculty). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability of foreign students to read non-scientific material efficiently is important for rapid social and cultural integration. This report describes the reading comprehension section of a French language course aimed at foreign students at the Nancy Science Faculty. Exercises are presented which cover morpho-syntactic, communicative and…

Duda, R.; Regent, O.

496

Register of Education and Training Activities in Librarianship, Information Science and Archives = Inventaire des activites de formation dans le domaine de la bibliotheconomie, des sciences de l'information et de l'archivistique = Inventario de las actividades de formacion en la esfera de la bibliotecologia, las ciencias de la informacion y la archivologia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This register provides information on information science, librarianship, documentation, and archival science training activities conducted outside regular university courses organized by specialized schools. Based on a December 1980 UNESCO questionnaire survey, the register includes seminars, refresher courses, continuing education courses, and…

de Grolier, Eric, Comp.

497

From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development reviewed an extensive, multi-disciplinary, and complex body of research covering the period from before birth to entry into Kindergarten to generate an integrated science of early childhood development and the role of early experiences. The result of the committee's review,…

Shonkoff, Jack P., Ed.; Phillips, Deborah A., Ed.

498

Complexity Science and Student Teacher Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To what extent might the practicum be regarded as a complex phenomenon? After introducing complexity science and its potential to illuminate educational practice, five characteristics are explored within the context of teacher education. Vignettes from a kindergarten classroom extend this exploration into the practicum setting. Five implications…

Clarke, Anthony; Collins, Steve

2007-01-01

499

Full-day and Half-day Kindergarten in the United States. Findings from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A major trend in kindergarten programs that has occurred in the past few decades is an increase in the prevalence of kindergarten classes that meet for the entire school day rather than just a part of the day. The increase has been attributed to various s...

J. Walston J. West

2004-01-01

500

Kindergarten Teachers' Perceived School Culture and Well-Being: A Comparison of Non-Profit-Making and Profit-Making Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has rarely examined teachers' perceptions of school culture (perceived school culture) and well-being in Hong Kong's non-profit-making (NPM) and profit-making (PM) kindergartens. Thus, the purpose of this study was twofold: first, it examined the relationships between Hong Kong kindergarten teachers' perceived school culture and…

Wong, Yau Ho P.

2010-01-01