These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

BEST: Bilingual environmental science training: Kindergarten level  

SciTech Connect

This booklet is one of a series of bilingual guides to environmental-science learning activities for students to do at home. Lesson objectives, materials required, procedure, vocabulary, and subjects integrated into the lesson are described in English for each lesson. A bilingual glossary, alphabetized by English entries, with Spanish equivalents in both English and Spanish, follows the lesson descriptions, and is itself followed by a bibliography of English-language references. This booklet includes descriptions of six lessons covering the senses of touch and sight, the sense of smell, how to distinguish living and non-living things, cell structures, the skeletal system, and the significance of food groups. 8 figs.

NONE

1996-03-01

2

SCIENCE, KINDERGARTEN AND GRADE ONE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A GUIDE FOR THE TEACHING OF SCIENCE IN KINDERGARTEN AND FIRST GRADE IS PRESENTED. THE PURPOSE IS TO HELP TEACHERS IN IMPLEMENTING THE COURSE REQUIREMENTS IN SCIENCE. THE MAJOR GOAL IS TEACHING CHILDREN TO THINK IN A SCIENTIFIC WAY. SUGGESTED UNITS FOR KINDERGARTEN ARE ANIMALS AND PLANTS, WEATHER, DISCOVERY, AND THE FIVE SENSES. THE UNITS FOR GRADE…

Fresno County Schools, CA.

3

Kindergarten Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for kindergarten students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, kindergarten benchmarks, assessments, and…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

4

Kindergarten Teachers' Professional Training and Their Social Status in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes kindergarten teachers' professional training and their social status in Korea. It includes discussions of the historical development of Korea's kindergarten teacher training system and pedagogical methods, the unequal social status of kindergarten teachers, and the implementation of innovative pedagogical practices modeled…

Lee, Guang-Lea; Myers, Donald A.; Kim, Kyoung Jin

2009-01-01

5

CURRICULUM GUIDE FOR SCIENCE, KINDERGARTEN - PRIMARY 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

COURSE CONTENT, ACTIVITIES, AND REFERENCE INFORMATION FOR TEACHING SCIENCE IN KINDERGARTEN AND GRADE 1 ARE INCLUDED IN THIS VOLUME. INTRODUCTORY REMARKS INCLUDE AN APPROACH TO TEACHING SCIENCE AND THE GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THE SCIENCE PROGRAM. FIVE UNITS OF STUDY ARE PRESENTED FOR KINDERGARTEN--(1) GETTING ACQUAINTED WITH ANIMALS, (2) DISCOVERING…

GRAHAM, KATHRYN A.; AND OTHERS

6

Science Education in Kindergarten: Sociocognitive Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines didactic strategies used for introducing preschoolers to the natural sciences. Describes general characteristics of activities based on empiricist or Piagetian theory of cognitive development. Discusses a new sociocognitive approach for developing natural-science kindergarten activities within the framework of Neo-Piagetian,…

Ravanis, Konstantinos; Bagakis, George

1998-01-01

7

Examining kindergarten teachers' beliefs and practices in science education.  

E-print Network

??This dissertation investigates kindergarten teachers' beliefs and their teaching practices in science education through a qualitative case study. This study addresses these topics by exploring… (more)

Jeong, Hye In

2014-01-01

8

What Kindergarten Students Learn in Inquiry-Based Science Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine how participation in an inquiry-based science program impacts kindergarten students’ science learning and motivation. The study was implemented as part of a larger, federally funded research project, the Scientific Literacy Project or SLP (Mantzicopoulos, Patrick, & Samarapungavan, 2005). The study provides descriptive data on the science learning and motivation of public kindergarten

Ala Samarapungavan; Helen Patrick; Panayota Mantzicopoulos

2011-01-01

9

Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reprint of an encyclopedia article describes the history of kindergarten education through approximately 1940. Kindergarten is defined as "a specialized school adapted to the nature and needs of young children from the fourth to the sixth year." Kindergarten was originated by Friedrich Froebel in Germany around 1840. Froebel's predecessors…

Hill, Patty Smith

10

Kindergarten Robotics: Using Robotics to Motivate Math, Science, and Engineering  

E-print Network

Kindergarten Robotics: Using Robotics to Motivate Math, Science, and Engineering Literacy, 474 Boston Ave, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA. E-mail: Erin.Cejka@tufts.edu Robotics Mindstorms makes it easy for students even in kindergarten to design and build their own robotic creations

11

"Messing About" in ESS. An Inservice Training Handbook in Elementary Science Study (ESS) for Teachers of Kindergarten Through Eighth Grade. Instructor Guidebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides the elements of a teacher training program for Elementary Science Study, an elementary school science curriculum developed by the Education Development Center. It contains a detailed description of the lessons that make up the teacher training program. Each lesson contains a description of the rationale for that lesson, a…

Head, Jack

12

Training Phonological Awareness: A Study with Inner-City Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inner-city kindergarten children (n=24) were given an 18-week phonological awareness training program, which incorporated auditory and articulatory techniques for fostering metaphonological development. Compared to controls, subjects had greater gains in phonological awareness at the end of kindergarten and had a trend toward better reading skills…

Brady, Susan; And Others

1994-01-01

13

Gains from Training in Phonological Awareness in Kindergarten Predict Reading Comprehension in Grade 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of a kindergarten training program in phonological awareness with 209 Swedish-speaking children were followed up until the end of Grade 9. Initial levels of letter knowledge and phonological awareness were positively associated with the level of decoding skill in Grade 3 but not with its growth afterward. The intervention group…

Kjeldsen, Ann-Christina; Kärnä, Antti; Niemi, Pekka; Olofsson, Åke; Witting, Katarina

2014-01-01

14

A Learning Print Approach Toward Perceptual Training and Reading in Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to compare two kinds of perceptual training for kindergarteners. A control group was grouped for instruction in visual or auditory perception. The children whose weaker modality was auditory received an "Open Court" program which stressed the acquisition of phonetic skills. The Frostig-Horne program was given…

D'Annunzio, Anthony

15

Auditory Training and Its Effects upon the Auditory Discrimination and Reading Readiness of Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a systematic auditory training program on the auditory discrimination ability and reading readiness of 55 white, middle/upper middle class kindergarten students. Following pretesting with the "Wepman Auditory Discrimination Test,""The Clymer-Barrett Prereading Battery," and the…

Cullen, Minga Mustard

16

How Often Do Early Childhood Teachers Teach Science Concepts? Determinants of the Frequency of Science Teaching in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to explore how often teachers of young children teach science concepts in kindergarten and examine the factors that influence the frequency of science teaching in early years. A theoretical model of the determinants of the frequency of science teaching in kindergarten was developed and tested using a…

Saçkes, Mesut

2014-01-01

17

How often do early childhood teachers teach science concepts? Determinants of the frequency of science teaching in kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to explore how often teachers of young children teach science concepts in kindergarten and examine the factors that influence the frequency of science teaching in early years. A theoretical model of the determinants of the frequency of science teaching in kindergarten was developed and tested using a multi-level structural equation modeling. Data for

Mesut Saçkes

2012-01-01

18

Is Physicality an Important Aspect of Learning through Science Experimentation among Kindergarten Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether physicality (actual and active touch of concrete material), as such, is a necessity for science experimentation learning at the kindergarten level. We compared the effects of student experimentation with Physical Manipulatives (PM) and Virtual Manipulatives (VM) on kindergarten students'…

Zacharia, Zacharias C.; Loizou, Eleni; Papaevripidou, Marios

2012-01-01

19

"Science Talks" in Kindergarten Classrooms: Improving Classroom Practice through Collaborative Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we described an action research project enacted by a veteran Kindergarten teacher (Sarah) in the context of a professional development program. Over the course of a year, Sarah collaborated with other teachers in a small group to investigate how to use "Science Talks" to promote student learning in Kindergarten classrooms. A…

Zhang, Meilan; Passalacqua, Susan; Lundeberg, Mary; Koehler, Matthew J.; Eberhardt, Jan; Parker, Joyce; Urban-Lurain, Mark; Zhang, Tianyi; Paik, Sunhee

2010-01-01

20

A longitudinal analysis of science teaching and learning in kindergarten and first-grade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study attempted to determine how often science is taught in the early grades as well as the science topics taught in these grades. A related purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between science teaching and students' science achievement. In doing so, the analyses took into consideration the influence of gender, socioeconomic status (SES), and race/ethnicity on children's academic performance in science. By using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) kindergarten and first-grade data files, children's science Item Response Theory Scores (IRT) and Academic Rating Scores (ARS) were examined to measure the relationship between children's early science experiences in schools and their achievement on the "General Knowledge Assessment Battery". According to this study's findings science teaching and learning in kindergarten level is somewhat limited. Additionally, the science content taught in kindergarten is narrow. The results of cross-sectional and longitudinal multilevel analyses revealed that several student and school level factors can influence young children's science achievement in kindergarten and first-grade. Although there were inconsistent conclusions about male and female students' science achievement as assessed by direct and indirect assessment batteries, there was no association between children's science scores and their gender and the amount or degree of science practices in school. While results of the analyses clearly showed that socioeconomic status (SES) had the most influence on both kindergarten and first-grade children's science achievement, the findings related to the effects of different science practices on science achievement were inconsistent. The results showed that science instruction effects some children's science achievement more than others. The findings have important implications for policies governing the teaching of science in the early grades. A clear demand exist for extension of science resource materials to include broader topics, more child-selected activities, integration with other subject areas, and more quality time for science teaching and learning in the early grades.

Olgan, Refika

21

The Influence of Early Science Experience in Kindergarten on Children's Immediate and Later Science Achievement: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the impacts of selected early science experiences in kindergarten (frequency and duration of teachers' teaching of science, availability of sand/water table and science areas, and children's participation in cooking and science equipment activities) on children's science achievement in kindergarten and third grade using data…

Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L.; O'Connell, Ann A.

2011-01-01

22

"Dinosaurs." Kindergarten. Anchorage School District Elementary Science Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit contains 15 lessons on dinosaurs for kindergarten children. It provides a materials list, supplementary materials list, use of process skill terminology, unit objectives, vocabulary, six major dinosaurs, and background information. Lessons are: (1) "Webbing"; (2) "Introduction to the Big Six"; (3) "Paleontology and Fossils"; (4) "How Big…

Herminghaus, Trisha, Ed.

23

Use of "SMART" Boards for Teaching, Learning and Assessment in Kindergarten Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the findings from classroom based research into the use of SMART Boards (interactive whiteboards) with kindergarten children. SMART Boards have been used successfully over the past 8 years at Abbotsleigh Junior School as innovative ways to enhance teaching and learning and facilitate assessment in primary Science. Key…

Preston, Chris; Mowbray, Lee

2008-01-01

24

History-Social Science Framework for California Public Schools, Kindergarten through Grade Twelve.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This framework, centered in the chronological study of history, proposes an integrated and correlated approach to the teaching of history and the social sciences. The framework is structured around three major goals, each comprising several curriculum strands which are to be developed from kindergarten through grade 12. The three goals are: (1)…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

25

Kindergarteners' concept development in science and literacy learning through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The notion that "real work" is somehow different from authentic and engaging discovery is troublesome. (Passman, 2001, p.196) This qualitative case study examined science concept and literacy learning along with engagement of the students in a Kindergarten class in which science and literacy instruction was integrated through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI). CORI is an instructional framework created to increase reading engagement by teaching reading comprehension strategies along with science concepts (Guthrie, et al., 1996). This study explored CORI at the Kindergarten level to examine how this curriculum framework engaged young learners in science concept and literacy learning. The study was grounded in the belief that concept learning can be engaging and motivating (Csikszentmihalyi, 1978). Data analysis resulted in five metaphors that show how the students took on multiple identities while engaged in learning concepts during CORI. Students took on the following identities: learner as docent, learner as explorer, learner as researcher, learner as author, and learner as expert. Prior to this study, the lowest grade level that CORI had been researched was 3rd grade. The present study examined the benefits of utilizing CORI with early literacy at the Kindergarten level and contributes to the body of CORI research demonstrating the potential of utilizing CORI at lower grade levels.

Moffit, Char Adelia

26

Basic Science Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These six learning modules were developed for Lake Michigan College's Basic Science Training Program, a workshop to develop good study skills while reviewing basic science. The first module, which was designed to provide students with the necessary skills to study efficiently, covers the following topics: time management; an overview of a study…

Brummel, Clete

27

Science Curriculum Guide. Kindergarten. Bulletin 1989, No. 70.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this curriculum guide is to help teachers implement the Alabama Course of Study: Science. The major emphasis of the guide is to provide student-oriented, hands-on activities that engage students in "sciencing" behaviors. This guide has two major components, the table of contents and the activities. The table of contents list by…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

28

Science: Model Curriculum Guide, Kindergarten through Grade Eight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed with the intention of helping teachers and school site administrators in California review the elementary science curriculum and compare it to an idealized model that is presented in the document. Part I of the guide provides a summary of a number of characteristics considered to be important to a strong elementary science

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

29

Concepts and strategies on how to train and motivate teachers to implement a kindergarten-based, family-involved intervention to prevent obesity in early childhood. The ToyBox-study.  

PubMed

The key person for the implementation of kindergarten-based behavioural interventions is the kindergarten teacher. When conducting intervention studies in kindergartens, training sessions are needed to train and motivate kindergarten teachers for programme implementation. This paper presents the systematic development of the teachers' trainings executed in the ToyBox-intervention - a kindergarten-based and family-involved obesity prevention programme for children aged 4-6. Based on concepts for the education of kindergarten teachers, on general strategies for successful programme implementation and on the ToyBox programme-specific requirements, the aims of the teachers' trainings were defined and an overall concept was deduced. Regarding the concept for the ToyBox teachers' training sessions, it is concluded that the training modules should focus on presenting information on the practical implementation of the intervention. Furthermore, these modules should also include self-efficacy enhancing components and should give kindergarten teachers opportunities to share experiences. Regarding the didactic methods applied in the ToyBox teachers' training sessions, constructivist learning approaches that facilitate active participation, reflective thinking and personal involvement were implemented. Emphasis was put not only on the content but especially on the didactic methods of teachers' trainings in order to enhance devotion to, and quality and sustainability of the ToyBox-intervention. PMID:25047377

Payr, A; Birnbaum, J; Wildgruber, A; Kreichauf, S; Androutsos, O; Lateva, M; De Decker, E; De Craemer, M; Iotova, V; Manios, Y; Koletzko, B

2014-08-01

30

A Project to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Pre-Phonic Training Between Kindergarten and First Grade Levels (Project PEEP). Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of prephonic training between kindergarten and first grade levels as a tool for acquiring reading skills was explored throughout the public school system in the city of New Bedford, Massachusetts. A sample population of 260 kindergartners was identified as having potential learning difficulties by the results shown on the…

Marko, Kathleen Barrett

31

The Science Training Teachers Need  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National science assessments and international comparisons indicate that science achievement in the United States is stagnant or declining. Of the many steps needed to improve U.S. science education, the authors write, none is more important than improving teacher training and preparation. Analyses of scores on the National Assessment of…

Wenglinsky, Harold; Silverstein, Samuel C.

2007-01-01

32

The Effects of Embedded Phonological Awareness Training on the Reading and Spelling Skills of Kindergarten Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phonological awareness is the ability to attend to and recognize the sound structure of a language. This skill is known to be important for learning to spell and read and a lack of phonological awareness skills is linked with reading difficulties. Previous research has shown phonological awareness training improves phonological awareness skills,…

Robinson, Sarah

2010-01-01

33

A Teacher-Consultation Approach to Social Skills Training for Pre-Kindergarten Children: Treatment Model and Short-Term Outcome Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the post-treatment outcome effects of a classroom-based social skills program for pre-kindergarten children,\\u000a using a teacher-consultation model. The pre-K RECAP (Reaching Educators, Children, and Parents) program is a semi-structured,\\u000a cognitive-behavioral skills training program that provides teachers with in-classroom consultation on program implementation\\u000a and classroom-wide behavior management. Data on children's social skills and behavior problems were collected from

Susan S. Han; Thomas Catron; Bahr Weiss; Kristen K. Marciel

2005-01-01

34

Student Science Training Program in Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science  

E-print Network

During the summer of 1976, the Massachussetts Institute of Technology Artificial Intelligence Laboratory sponsored a Student Science Training Program in Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science for high ability ...

Abelson, Harold

1976-09-01

35

Designing and implementing teachers' training sessions in a kindergarten-based, family-involved intervention to prevent obesity in early childhood. The ToyBox-study.  

PubMed

Since school-based interventions are mainly delivered by the school staff, they need to be well-trained and familiarized with the programme's aims, procedures and tools. Therefore, the institute, research group, governmental or non-governmental body in charge of the coordination and implementation of the programme needs to devote time and resources to train the school staff before programme's implementation. This is particularly crucial in multi-centre studies where more than one research teams are involved. Both research teams and school staff need to be trained, using standard protocols and procedures, to ensure that the intervention will be delivered in a standardized manner throughout the intervention centres. The ToyBox-intervention, a multi-component, kindergarten-based, family-involved intervention, focusing on water consumption, snacking, physical activity and sedentary behaviours in preschool children, was implemented over the academic year 2012-2013 in six European countries. As part of this intervention, three teachers' training sessions were delivered to motivate and train teachers in implementing the intervention. The local researchers were trained centrally before delivering the training sessions for the teachers and followed a common protocol using standardized presentations and procedures. The aim of the current paper is to describe the protocol and methodological issues related to the teachers' training sessions conducted within the ToyBox-intervention. PMID:25047378

Androutsos, O; Katsarou, C; Payr, A; Birnbaum, J; Geyer, C; Wildgruber, A; Kreichauf, S; Lateva, M; De Decker, E; De Craemer, M; Socha, P; Moreno, L; Iotova, V; Koletzko, B V; Manios, Y

2014-08-01

36

The adventures of Ann: A case study of a kindergarten teacher and her beliefs as she explored integrating science into her literacy curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education is an often neglected portion of the curriculum in elementary school, particularly in the primary grades. While early childhood educators have many choices in their curricula, two constants remain, literacy and math education. Ideally, young children need science along with literacy and mathematics. This study investigated how one kindergarten teacher used science to enhance her literacy program and how this use of science in her classroom affected her teaching beliefs. The case study took place in a publicly funded early childhood education center devoted to teaching kindergarten children in the small town of Summers in rural northern California. "Ann" was a master kindergarten teacher who historically used developmentally appropriate activities to support her literacy instruction. She was posed with the suggestion of infusing science into her literacy program and over the course of one school year, she was observed planning, implementing, and reflecting on six integrated science and literacy units. Ann's general teaching beliefs as well as her beliefs about teaching literacy and science were explored in order to investigate whether her experience with the integrated science and literacy units had altered her teaching beliefs. It was discovered that not only had Ann significantly changed the way she taught science, her beliefs about teaching science had changed and had moved towards mimicking her pro-active and positive beliefs about teaching literacy.

Potter, Gregory Ralph

37

Kindergarten Architects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares a lesson on architecture she introduced to her kindergarten students. Using wooden blocks as materials, she showed her students how to take on the role of an architect and create their own buildings. This project was beneficial to all students in that they learned to think flexibly and realized that the designs…

Sturdevant, Alexandria

2008-01-01

38

Kindergarten Animation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Animation is one of the last lessons that come to mind when thinking of kindergarten art. The necessary understanding of sequencing, attention to small, often detailed drawings, and the use of technology all seem more suitable to upper elementary. With today's emphasis on condensing and integrating curriculum, consider developing animation lessons…

Hinshaw, Craig

2012-01-01

39

The Polar Express Delivers Equity in the Kindergarten Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This free, online article, developed for elementary teachers, describes a Kindergarten polar science, standards aligned, unit centered on The Polar Express developing literacy, math, and science skills.

Mary LeFever

40

Guidelines for Creating Kindergartens in Arkansas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines are given for materials, furnishings, special equipment, and supplies for art, science, music and play activities. The daily kindergarten schedule and overall curriculum are discussed. A bibliography of books for young children is appended. (GM)

Arkansas Elementary School Council, Little Rock.

41

DASH: Developmental Approaches in Science, Health and Technology: Kindergarten. Teacher Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of the Developmental Approaches in Science, Health and Technology (DASH) program is to preserve the curiosity and capture the imagination of all elementary students through an experience of science, technology, and health that engages them in the excitement of exploring and understanding the unknown, inventing and building to solve…

Pottenger, Francis M., III; Brennan, Carol Ann; Pottenger, Larma M.

42

Kindergarten Teachers' Perceptions of an Inquiry-Based Science Teaching and Learning Professional Development Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Scholars and education reformers alike have re-ignited the importance of teaching science in the elementary grades of the public schools of America by disputing the traditional belief that K-4 learners are too young to learn and function within the nature of science learning and experimentation. The consideration rests on the findings…

Furtado, Leena

2010-01-01

43

Arizona Academic Standards: Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for kindergarten. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Kindergarten; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Readiness (Kindergarten); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Readiness…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

44

Piano Keyboard Training and the Spatial-Temporal Development of Young Children Attending Kindergarten Classes in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research had three main goals: to control whether children would show significant improvement in cognitive test scores following piano/keyboard instruction; to compare whether the spatial tasks would show greater improvement than other tasks; and to examine whether the effects of piano/keyboard training on spatial tasks are gender…

Zafranas, Nikolaos

2004-01-01

45

Kindergarten Monets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating art with literature and science enhances students' learning and retention. Whenever possible, the introduction of the author's art lessons include a relevant artist, such as Claude Monet. In this article, kindergartners paint a pond and learn how to make water lilies using colored tissue-paper squares. (Contains 4 resources.)

Dionne, Suzanne

2012-01-01

46

NASA's space life sciences training program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Space Life Sciences Training Program (SLSTP) is an intensive, six-week training program held every summer since 1985 at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). A major goal of the SLSTP is to develop a cadre of qualified scientists and engineers to support future space life sciences and engineering challenges. Hand-picked, undergraduate college students participate in lectures, laboratory sessions, facility tours, and special projects: including work on actual Space Shuttle flight experiments and baseline data collection. At NASA Headquarters (HQ), the SLSTP is jointly sponsored by the Life Sciences Division and the Office of Equal Opportunity Programs: it has been very successful in attracting minority students and women to the fields of space science and engineering. In honor of the International Space Year (ISY), 17 international students participated in this summer's program. An SLSTP Symposium was held in Washington D.C., just prior to the World Space Congress. The Symposium attracted over 150 SLSTP graduates for a day of scientific discussions and briefings concerning educational and employment opportunities within NASA and the aerospace community. Future plans for the SLSTP include expansion to the Johnson Space Center in 1995.

Coulter, G.; Lewis, L.; Atchison, D.

1994-08-01

47

NASA's Space Life Sciences Training Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Life Sciences Training Program (SLSTP) is an intensive, six-week training program held every summer since 1985 at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). A major goal of the SLSTP is to develop a cadre of qualified scientists and engineers to support future space life sciences and engineering challenges. Hand-picked, undergraduate college students participate in lectures, laboratory sessions, facility tours, and special projects: including work on actual Space Shuttle flight experiments and baseline data collection. At NASA Headquarters (HQ), the SLSTP is jointly sponsored by the Life Sciences Division and the Office of Equal Opportunity Programs: it has been very successful in attracting minority students and women to the fields of space science and engineering. In honor of the International Space Year (ISY), 17 international students participated in this summer's program. An SLSTP Symposium was held in Washington D. C., just prior to the World Space Congress. The Symposium attracted over 150 SLSTP graduates for a day of scientific discussions and briefings concerning educational and employment opportunities within NASA and the aerospace community. Future plans for the SLSTP include expansion to the Johnson Space Center in 1995.

Coulter, G.; Lewis, L.; Atchison, D.

1994-01-01

48

NASA's Space Life Sciences Training Program.  

PubMed

The Space Life Sciences Training Program (SLSTP) is an intensive, six-week training program held every summer since 1985 at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC). A major goal of the SLSTP is to develop a cadre of qualified scientists and engineers to support future space life sciences and engineering challenges. Hand-picked, undergraduate college students participate in lectures, laboratory sessions, facility tours, and special projects: including work on actual Space Shuttle flight experiments and baseline data collection. At NASA Headquarters (HQ), the SLSTP is jointly sponsored by the Life Sciences Division and the Office of Equal Opportunity Programs: it has been very successful in attracting minority students and women to the fields of space science and engineering. In honor of the International Space Year (ISY), 17 international students participated in this summer's program. An SLSTP Symposium was held in Washington D.C., just prior to the World Space Congress. The Symposium attracted over 150 SLSTP graduates for a day of scientific discussions and briefings concerning educational and employment opportunities within NASA and the aerospace community. Future plans for the SLSTP include expansion to the Johnson Space Center in 1995. PMID:11537955

Coulter, G; Lewis, L; Atchison, D

1994-01-01

49

Teaching Literacy in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten is a time for playful and enriching learning activities that support children's literacy emergence while enhancing their social and cognitive development. The routines of a busy, engaged, productive kindergarten classroom are vividly brought to life in this information-packed book. Demonstrated are whole-class and small group…

McGee, Lea M.; Morrow, Lesley Mandel

2005-01-01

50

Our Journey to Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the Smith-Holladay family, an interracial family, and describes the family's journey to find a "perfect" kindergarten classroom for their daughter. When the time came to find a kindergarten classroom, the family sought to translate that goal into a vision for their child's schooling. They wanted: 1) a public school that is 2)…

Holladay, Jennifer

2009-01-01

51

Elements of the Next Generation Science Standards' (NGSS) New Framework for K-12 Science Education aligned with STEM designed projects created by Kindergarten, 1st and 2nd grade students in a Reggio Emilio project approach setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines how elements of the Next Generation Science Standards' (NGSS) New Framework for K-12 Science Education standards (National Research Council 2011)---specifically the cross-cutting concept "cause and effect" are aligned with early childhood students' creation of projects of their choice. The study took place in a Reggio Emilio-inspired, K-12 school, in a multi-aged kindergarten, first and second grade classroom with 14 students. Students worked on their projects independently with the assistance of their peers and teachers. The students' projects and the alignment with the Next Generation Science Standards' New Framework were analyzed by using pre and post assessments, student interviews, and discourse analysis. Results indicate that elements of the New Framework for K-12 Science Education emerged through students' project presentation, particularly regarding the notion of "cause and effect". More specifically, results show that initially students perceived the relationship between "cause and effect" to be negative.

Facchini, Nicole

52

Comparison Studies of Reading Readiness Skills Acquisition by Different Methods: Formal Reading Readiness Program, Informal Reading Readiness Program, and a Kindergarten Science Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the effectiveness of two dissimilar programs, SAPA and the First Talking Alphabet (FTA), upon the acquisition of reading readiness skills of kindergarten pupils. Compares the effects of four different programs (SAPA, FTA, an informal language development program, and a control) on the reading readiness of kindergarten pupils. (GA)

Quorn, Kerry Charles; Yore, Larry Dean

1978-01-01

53

OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Kindergarten 30 minutes  

E-print Network

OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Kindergarten 30 minutes FOOD CHAINS Oregon Science Content Standards: K.1. Concepts: ! Animals get energy from their food. ! Plants get energy from the sun. Materials: ! butcher what in a habitat, and that we get energy from our food. Draw their chain on a sheet of butcher paper

54

Enlist micros: Training science teachers to use microcomputers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A National Science Foundation grant to the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) at The Colorado College supported the design and production of training materials to encourage literacy of science teachers in the use of microcomputers. ENLIST Micros is based on results of a national needs assessment that identified 22 compentencies needed by K-12 science teachers to use microcomputers for instruction.

William E. Baird; James D. Ellis; Paul J. Kuerbis

1989-01-01

55

Family Kindergarten = Kinder para familias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Family Kindergarten program designed and pilot tested by a bilingual kindergarten teacher at Garretson Elementary School in Corona, California, is described. Based on the premise that parents are the most important and influential educators of children, Family Kindergarten was conceived as an evening class that includes parents and children…

Curtin, Jolinda

56

Kindergarten Content Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support kindergarten mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure studentsâ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. Resources are listed for specific kindergarten standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.

Centre, The S.

2012-01-01

57

Emergent Literacy Skills Achievement of Kindergarteners in Relation to Sample Demographics in Southeastern Connecticut  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ex post facto, quasi-experimental study was conducted at a single-site, kindergarten through eighth grade district in rural, southeastern Connecticut. Of the single cohort of kindergarten students (N = 35) participating, eight students received fall intervention from a trained paraprofessional using "Stepping Stones to Literacy" and winter…

Graves, KellyAnn

2010-01-01

58

Scottish Kindergarten, Part 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the author's favorite things in the whole world is a forest school--a nature kindergarten. People have probably heard the rumors: preschoolers outdoors all day long, in all kinds of weather. And it's not just for Scandinavian kids anymore. It is yet another children and nature global movement. More than just adding nature to a playground,…

Keeler, Rusty

2012-01-01

59

Kindergarten: Home and Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide presents a working draft of the kindergarten component of a K-6 social studies program developed by the Allegany County Board of Education in Maryland. Goals and activities relating to ethnic heritage studies; family life; and career, consumer, citizenship, and environmental education are included in each of the seven guides.…

Allegany County Board of Education, Cumberland, MD.

60

Nurturing creative potential in kindergarten children  

E-print Network

NURTURING CREATIVE POTENTIAL IN KINDERGAHTEN CHILDREN A Thesis by UILLIX'1 ROBERT OXLEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas APN University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of 1?ESTER OF SCIENCE Nay 1/71 Flajor... Subject: Psychology NURTURING CREATIVE POTENTIAL IN KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN A Thesis 'ulILLIAFl ROBERT OXLEY Approved as to style and content by: hai. man of ommxttee ! ea of epartment l'lember g, P em er Flay 1971 ABSTRACT Iturtur ing Creative...

Oxley, William Robert

2012-06-07

61

REU Site: Yosemite Research Training in Environmental Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Yosemite Research Training in Environmental Science offers undergraduate students a unique opportunity to actively experience field research in Environmental Science in a premier National Park, over a nine-week period in the summer. The Yosemite REU is a collaboration between three institutions: the University of California at Merced, Yosemite National Park, and the USGS Western Ecological Research Center. Student activities

M. H. Conklin; B. Dayrat

2009-01-01

62

Tutor Training in Computer Science: Tutor Opinions and Student Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Edproj, a project team of faculty from the departments of computer science, software development and education at Monash University (Australia) investigated the quality of teaching and student learning and understanding in the computer science and software development departments. Edproj's research led to the development of a training program to…

Carbone, Angela; Mitchell, Ian

63

13 Kindergarten and elementary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The German National Educational Panel Study covers educational processes during Kindergarten and elementary school age in\\u000a two stages: “Kindergarten and transition to elementary school” and “elementary school and transition to lower secondary school.”\\u000a One cohort covers both of these two stages, starting in winter 2010\\/2011 with a cluster sample of 3,000 target children at\\u000a about age 4 in Kindergarten. When

Karin Berendes; Doreen Fey; Tobias Linberg; Sebastian E. Wenz; Hans-Günther Roßbach; Thorsten Schneider; Sabine Weinert

2011-01-01

64

Enlist micros: Training science teachers to use microcomputers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A National Science Foundation grant to the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) at The Colorado College supported the design and production of training materials to encourage literacy of science teachers in the use of microcomputers. ENLIST Micros is based on results of a national needs assessment that identified 22 compentencies needed by K-12 science teachers to use microcomputers for instruction. A writing team developed the 16-hour training program in the summer of 1985, and field-test coordinators tested it with 18 preservice or in-service groups during the 1985-86 academic year at 15 sites within the United States. The training materials consist of video programs, interactive computer disks for the Apple II series microcomputer, a training manual for participants, and a guide for the group leader. The experimental materials address major areas of educational computing: awareness, applications, implementation, evaluation, and resources. Each chapter contains activities developed for this program, such as viewing video segments of science teachers who are using computers effectively and running commercial science and training courseware. Role playing and small-group interaction help the teachers overcome their reluctance to use computers and plan for effective implementation of microcomputers in the school. This study examines the implementation of educational computing among 47 science teachers who completed the ENLIST Micros training at a southern university. We present results of formative evaluation for that site. Results indicate that both elementary and secondary teachers benefit from the training program and demonstrate gains in attitudes toward computer use. Participating teachers said that the program met its stated objectives and helped them obtain needed skills. Only 33 percent of these teachers, however, reported using computers one year after the training. In June 1986, the BSCS initiated a follow up to the ENLIST Micros curriculum to develop, evaluate, and disseminate a complete model of teacher enhancement for educational computing in the sciences. In that project, we use the ENLIST Micros curriculum as the first step in a training process. The project includes seminars that introduce additional skills: It contains provisions for sharing among participants, monitors use of computers in participants' classrooms, provides structured coaching of participants' use of computers in their classrooms, and offers planned observations of peers using computers in their science teaching.

Baird, William E.; Ellis, James D.; Kuerbis, Paul J.

65

"Kindergarten, can I have your eyes and ears?" politeness and teacher directive choices in inquiry-based science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explores elementary teachers' social understandings and employment of directives and politeness while facilitating inquiry science lessons prior and subsequent to their participation in a summer institute in which they were introduced to the scholarly literature on regulative discourse (directives used by teachers to regulate student behavior). A grounded theory analysis of the institute professional development activities revealed that teachers developed an increased awareness of the authoritative functions served by impolite or direct directives (i.e., pragmatic awareness). Furthermore, a comparative microethnographic analysis of participants' inquiry-based classroom practices revealed that after the institute teachers demonstrated an increased ability to share authority with students by strategically making directive choices that were more polite, indirect, inclusive, involvement-focused and creative. Such ability led to a reduced emphasis on teacher regulation of student compliance with classroom behavioral norms and an increased focus on the discursive organization of the inquiry-based science learning/teaching process. Despite teachers' increased pragmatic awareness, teacher-student linguistic relationships did not become entirely symmetrical subsequent to their participation in the summer institute (i.e., teacher authority was not completely relinquished or lost). Based on such findings, it is argued that teachers need to develop higher levels of pragmatic awareness to become effectively prepared to engage in language-mediated teacher-student interaction in the context of inquiry-based science classroom discourse.

Oliveira, Alandeom Wanderlei

2009-12-01

66

Early Education in the Public Schools: Lessons from a Comprehensive Birth-to-Kindergarten Program. The Jossey Bass Education Series. Jossey-Bass Social and Behavioral Science Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the case of the Brookline Early Education Project (BEEP), begun in Boston in the early 1970s, this book provides a framework for planning, administering, and evaluating a comprehensive birth-to-kindergarten program. Early education programs based in the school can increase parental involvement and improve school performance for children from…

Hauser-Cram, Penny; And Others

67

Science Teacher Training: The Role of Universities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An increasing number of geoscience departments are recognizing the need to assume a larger role in facets of public education. The role of geoscience departments in the preparation and professional development of K-12 science teachers is particularly critical and meaningful, and it merges with other fundamental missions within universities. The importance of geoscience content for teachers and the general public is evident in the numerous Earth science-related public policy issues gaining ever increasing attention, including global climate change, energy, and water resources. Also, Earth science is not only included in science content education standards, but it is also interesting to students and provides an important gateway to foster interest in science in general.

Nyman, Matthew W.; Ellwein, Amy L.; McFadden, Les M.; Geissman, John W.

2008-12-01

68

Reading in the Kindergarten: Teachers Tell It Like It Is  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data obtained from a 66-item questionnaire distributed to schools in the Aurora area was analyzed to identify reading practices in Kindergarten including: means used by teachers to evaluate readiness and opportunities available to the teachers to improve their training. (Editor)

Johns, Jerry; Ellis, Diann

1976-01-01

69

$320,000 Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Project STAR, 11,571 students in Tennessee and their teachers were randomly assigned to different classrooms in their schools from kindergarten to 3rd grade. Researchers learned that kindergarten test scores are highly correlated with such outcomes as earnings at age 27, college attendance, home ownership, and retirement savings. Students who…

Chetty, Raj; Friedman, John N.; Hilger, Nathaniel; Saez, Emmanuel; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore; Yagan, Danny

2010-01-01

70

Instructional Supervision in Kindergarten Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes issues and trends in kindergarten. There is consensus in early childhood education that a major shift in kindergarten curriculum has led to a focus on continuity of achievement rather than continuity of development. Demographic trends for the 1990's in early childhood education include: (1) increases in the number of children;…

Lawler, S. Dianne

71

Past Conferences and Trainings - Implementation Science  

Cancer.gov

Skip Navigation National Cancer Institute www.cancer.gov at the National Institutes of Health Cancer Control and Population Sciences: NCI's Bridge to Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy Search: Home About IS Vision Mission Meet the

72

Gender, Families, and Science: Influences on Early Science Training and Career Choices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research examines the effects of gender and a number of family experiences on young people's chances of going into postsecondary science training and science occupations in the years immediately following high school. Data came from the nationally representative, longitudinal High School and Beyond survey. Results show that gender plays a significant role in choices involving early science training and occupations - especially training. Amongst young men and women with comparable resources and qualifications, young women are less likely to make the science choice. The family experiences and expectations examined here are not a major factor in understanding gender differences in access to science training and occupations. Although much of the literature describes the domains of science and of family as being at odds, results from this research suggest that family experiences play a rather minimal role in predicting who will enter science training or occupations in the early post-high school years. When family variables do have an effect, they are not always negative and the nature of the effect varies by the time in the life cycle that the family variable is measured, by type of family experience (orientation vs. procreation), by outcome (science major vs. science occupation), and by gender.

Hanson, Sandra L.

73

Using the Science Writing Heuristic: Training Chemistry Teaching Assistants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Promoting the use of the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) among novice teaching assistants at a large university is facilitated by a program of instructional training and mentoring. Sessions include hands-on activities with guided inquiry in tandem with elements of the SWH. These provide TAs with the opportunity to both experience and practice integrating the SWH.

Hand, Brian; Poock, Jason; Burke, K. A.; Greenbowe, Thomas

2005-09-01

74

The State of Undergraduate Research Methods Training in Political Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debates over methodology have long occupied a prominent role in political science and its various empirical sub-fields. Recently, these debates and occasional dialogues seem to have intensified. The Perestroika movement within APSA protested the perceived hegemony of rational choice and quantitative methods in journal publications and graduate training (Kasza 2001). Renewed attention has focused on the types of methodologies employed

Cameron G. Thies; Robert E. Hogan

2005-01-01

75

Smartphone measurement engineering - Innovative challenges for science & education, instrumentation & training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartphones have an enormous conceptual and structural influence on measurement science & education, instrumentation & training. Smartphones are matured. They became convenient, reliable and affordable. In 2009 worldwide 174 million Smartphones has been delivered. Measurement with Smartphones is ready for the future. In only 10 years the German vision industry tripled its global sales volume to one Billion Euro\\/Year. Machine

D. Hofmann; P.-G. Dittrich; E. Duentsch

2010-01-01

76

Gender Differences in Kindergarteners' Robotics and Programming Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood is a critical period for introducing girls to traditionally masculine fields of science and technology before more extreme gender stereotypes surface in later years. This study looks at the TangibleK Robotics Program in order to determine whether kindergarten boys and girls were equally successful in a series of building and…

Sullivan, Amanda; Bers, Marina Umaschi

2013-01-01

77

Perfectly Penguins: A WebQuest for Kindergarten  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This WebQuest introduces kindergarten students to penguins. They will read about five types of penguins using online resources, draw pictures, write a song or poem, and present their information to the class. The lesson is interdisciplinary, combining life science learning, literacy, and visual and performing arts. A teacher's page is included, with necessary resources, evaluation materials, and alignments to standards.

Miller, Betty L.

78

Kindergarten Math Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides examples of Kindergarten Number (Counting and Cardinality, Operations and Algebraic Thinking, and Number and Operations in Base Ten) activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. A CCSS standard is stated and the possible activities are listed below and linked. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. Instructions for each task are typed in large print and written in child-friendly language to enable students to work on activities independently after a brief introduction to the task. All files listed are in PDF format.

Godwin, Nicola

2012-01-01

79

Smartphone measurement engineering - Innovative challenges for science & education, instrumentation & training  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smartphones have an enormous conceptual and structural influence on measurement science & education, instrumentation & training. Smartphones are matured. They became convenient, reliable and affordable. In 2009 worldwide 174 million Smartphones has been delivered. Measurement with Smartphones is ready for the future. In only 10 years the German vision industry tripled its global sales volume to one Billion Euro/Year. Machine vision is used for mobile object identification, contactless industrial quality control, personalized health care, remote facility and transport management, safety critical surveillance and all tasks which are too complex for the human eye or too monotonous for the human brain. Aim of the paper is to describe selected success stories for the application of Smartphones for measurement engineering in science and education, instrumentation and training.

Hofmann, D.; Dittrich, P.-G.; Duentsch, E.

2010-07-01

80

You Have a Choice: Choose the Best ICT Training for Your Science Department.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes "The Science Consortium", a British program offering specialist training for secondary science teachers on the use of information and communication technology in the classroom. The training scheme includes a portfolio of lesson plans in six thematic modules: (1) communicating science; (2) collecting data for science; (3) finding out…

Frost, Roger

2000-01-01

81

A Look at the 1959 National Science Foundation's "Summer Science Training Program for High-Ability Secondary School Students."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1959 National Science Foundation Summer Science Training for High-Ability Secondary School Students Program contained 117 programs offered by 105 institutions in 37 states and Puerto Rico. For this report, 11 of the 117 programs were selected for visits by an observer highly trained and experienced in mathematics and/or science education. In…

Richardson, Bellows, Henry and Co., Inc., New York, NY.

82

Chinese Kindergarten Education and Its Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present discussion attempts to relate current changes in kindergarten education in China to contemporary political, social, and intellectual reforms. Kindergarten education in China has always reflected the country's social policy as well as its view of the nature of childhood. Currently, in China, more kindergartens exist under more varied…

Spodek, Bernard

83

REU Site: Yosemite Research Training in Environmental Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Yosemite Research Training in Environmental Science offers undergraduate students a unique opportunity to actively experience field research in Environmental Science in a premier National Park, over a nine-week period in the summer. The Yosemite REU is a collaboration between three institutions: the University of California at Merced, Yosemite National Park, and the USGS Western Ecological Research Center. Student activities mainly consist of individual research projects, spanning a broad range of disciplines such as Ecology, Geosciences, Biodiversity, Conservation, Restoration, and Hydrology. All projects include a strong field component. Students are exposed to the benefits of multi-disciplinary research in weekly meetings in which all students talk about their most recent work. Students present their research in Yosemite Valley at the end of the program before a public audience (including visitors). Research training is provided by mentors from UC Merced (Schools of Natural Sciences, Engineering, and Social Sciences) and the USGS Western Ecological Research Center. In addition to their interactions with their mentors and other faculty, students have opportunities to meet with NPS professionals engaged in park-related activities, to learn more about the integration of science with resources management and about potential careers in research and science outside academia. Students also participate in field trips led by UCM, USGS, and NPS scientists, focusing on Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada. Students attend a weekly seminar in Environmental Science with a broad diversity of speakers, including researchers as well as other science-related professionals, such as freelance science writers and illustrators, as well as NPS scientists and staff. Finally, student participants engage in several other activities, including outreach (e.g., a day-long meeting with high-school Central Valley students from underrepresented minorities). The Yosemite REU has already run for 2 years (with funds still available for another summer in 2010). Each year, eight students have been selected from a large pool of at least 150 complete applications, nationwide (with about 20 to 25% being students from under-represented minorities). Each year, five students out of eight have been from under-represented minorities.

Conklin, M. H.; Dayrat, B.

2009-12-01

84

Field Training Activities for Hydrologic Science in West Java, Indonesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In hydrologic science and engineering, one challenge is establishing a common framework for discussion among workers from different disciplines. As part of the 'Building Opportunity Out of Science and Technology: Helping Hydrologic Outreach (BOOST H2O)' project, which is supported by the U.S. Department of State, nine current or recent graduate students from four Indonesian universities participated in a week of training activities during June 2013. Students had backgrounds in agricultural engineering, civil and environmental engineering, water resources engineering, natural resources management, and soil science. Professors leading the training, which was based at Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) in west Java, included an agricultural engineer, civil engineers, and geologists. Activities in surface-water hydrology included geomorphic assessment of streams (measuring slope, cross-section, and bed-clast size) and gauging stream flow (wading with top-setting rods and a current meter for a large stream, and using a bucket and stopwatch for a small stream). Groundwater-hydrology activities included measuring depth to water in wells, conducting a pumping test with an observation well, and performing vertical electrical soundings to infer hydrostratigraphy. Students also performed relatively simple water-quality measurements (temperature, electrical conductivity, pH, and alkalinity) in streams, wells, and springs. The group analyzed data with commercially-available software such as AQTESOLV for well hydraulics, freeware such as the U.S. Geological Survey alkalinity calculator, and Excel spreadsheets. Results were discussed in the context of landscape position, lithology, and land use.

Agustina, C.; Fajri, P. N.; Fathoni, F.; Gusti, T. P.; Harifa, A. C.; Hendra, Y.; Hertanti, D. R.; Lusiana, N.; Rohmat, F. I.; Agouridis, C.; Fryar, A. E.; Milewski, A.; Pandjaitan, N.; Santoso, R.; Suharyanto, A.

2013-12-01

85

Interdisciplinary research and training program in the plant sciences  

SciTech Connect

This document is the compiled progress reports from the Interdisciplinary Research and Training Program in the Plant Sciences funded through the MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory. Fourteen reports are included, covering topics such as the molecular basis of plant/microbe symbiosis, cell wall proteins and assembly, gene expression, stress responses, growth regulator biosynthesis, interaction between nuclear and organelle genomes, sensory transduction and tropisms, intracellular sorting and membrane trafficking, regulation of lipid metabolism, the molecular basis of disease resistance and plant pathogenesis, developmental biology of Cyanobacteria and hormonal involvement in environmental control of plant growth. 132 refs. (MHB)

Wolk, C.P.

1991-01-01

86

Attitude Changes of Elementary Teachers Trained and Selected as Model Science Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if elementary teachers' attitudes toward science and science education would become more positive if: (1) they participated in a four-week workshop on new science curricula; (2) the training they received was directed toward Elementary Science Study (ESS), Science Curriculum Improvement Study (SCIS), or…

Gabel, Dorothy L.; Rubba, Peter A.

87

Efficacy of Supplemental Phonics-Based Instruction for Low-Skilled Kindergarteners in the Context of Language Minority Status and Classroom Phonics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the efficacy of supplemental phonics instruction for 84 low-skilled language minority (LM) kindergarteners and 64 non-LM kindergarteners at 10 urban public schools. Paraeducators were trained to provide the 18-week (January-May) intervention. Students performing in the bottom half of their classroom language group (LM and non-LM)…

Vadasy, Patricia F.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.

2010-01-01

88

Math Club Starting in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting a math club as early as kindergarten and having a range of grade levels in attendance can be successful. With the help of the older students, the varied age groups are entertained and excited about attending math club. The purpose of the club is to enrich the classroom mathematics curriculum with hands-on activities and to have members…

Perry, Ann M.

2011-01-01

89

Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions, and Students. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forensic science provides scientific and foundational information for investigators and courts, and thus plays a crucial role in the criminal justice system. This guide was developed through the work of the Technical Working Group on Education and Training in Forensic Science (TWGED) to serve as a reference on best education and training practices…

US Department of Justice, 2004

2004-01-01

90

Shining Stars: Kindergarteners Learn to Read--How Parents Can Help Their Kindergarteners Learn to Read  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet introduces parents to techniques for helping their kindergarteners learn to read. Included is a story about how one mother and father encourage their sons to read, a sample reading activity, and a checklist for kindergarten reading skills.

National Institute for Literacy, 2006

2006-01-01

91

A Survey of Prevention Science Training: Implications for Educating the Next Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several reviews of the emerging, transdisciplinary field of prevention science have identified the need for improved and expanded training of researchers as one of the central issues facing the field. A starting place for such an endeavor is an assessment of the current state of training. In that regard, we queried several groups of researchers about training in the prevention

J. Mark Eddy; Paula Smith; C. Hendricks Brown; John B. Reid

2005-01-01

92

Report of the Panel on Pre-Professional Training in the Agricultural Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of the recommendations made by action committees established by the Panel on Pre-Professional Training in the Agricultural Sciences are made under the headings "Biological Subject Matter,""Mathematics," and "Physics." The action committees in Animal Sciences, Bioengineering, Food Sciences, Natural Resources, Plant and Soil Sciences, and…

Commission on Undergraduate Education in the Biological Sciences, Washington, DC.

93

Early Childhood Predictors of Post-Kindergarten Executive Function: Behavior, Parent-Report, and Psychophysiology  

PubMed Central

Research Findings This study examined whether children’s executive functions before kindergarten would predict variance in executive functions after kindergarten. We obtained behavioral (working memory task performance), parental-reported (temperament-based inhibitory control), and psychophysiological (working memory-related changes in heart rate and brain electrical activity) measures of executive functions from a group of preschool-aged children. After children finished kindergarten, approximately 2 years later, parents were asked to complete an assessment of children’s executive function skills. A regression analysis revealed that pre-kindergarten behavioral, parental-reported, and psychophysiological measures accounted for variance in post-kindergarten executive functions. Specifically, working memory task performance, temperament-based inhibitory control, and working memory-related changes in brain electrical activity accounted for unique variance in post-kindergarten executive functions. These data provide a unique contribution to the executive function literature: No other study has examined whether behavioral, psychophysiological, and parental-reported executive function measures can account for unique variance in future executive function. Practice or Policy These findings are discussed in relation to children’s transition to school and executive function training programs. PMID:22711983

Cuevas, Kimberly; Hubble, Morgan; Bell, Martha Ann

2012-01-01

94

Kindergarten: ShortKindergarten: Short--& Long& Long--term Implicationsterm Implications  

E-print Network

. Hynd Dean, College of Education #12;Kindergarten ­ Some History · Friedrich Froebel opened the first associated with kindergarten: ­ Benefits of full- vs. half-day programs ­ Emphasis on socialization vs. pre ­ appreciate music and art ­ learn how to use computers #12;Kindergarten ­ Today in Indiana · 2003 ­ Indiana

95

Ontario Kindergarten Teachers' Social Media Discussions about Full Day Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory netnographic study describes how a sample of Ontario kindergarten teachers perceive the new Ontario Full Day Kindergarten (FDK) curriculum. Discussions from teacher message boards, the comment sections of online news articles, and interviews with kindergarten teachers were analyzed and coded using a qualitative approach. Analysis…

Lynch, Meghan

2014-01-01

96

Enhancing Science Teacher Training Using Water Resources and GLOBE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Heritage College, located on the Yakama Indian Reservation in south central Washington state, serves a multicultural, underserved, rural population and trains teachers to staff the disadvantaged school districts on and surrounding the reservation. In-service teachers and pre-service teachers in the area show strength in biology but have weak backgrounds in chemistry and mathematics. We are addressing this problem by providing a 2-year core of courses for 3 groups of 25 students (15 pre-service and 10 in-service teachers) using GLOBE to teach integrated physical science and mathematics. At the conclusion of the program, the students will qualify for science certification by Washington State. Water resources are the focal point of the curriculum because it is central to life in our desert area. The lack or excess of water, its uses, quality and distribution is being studied by using GIS, remote sensing and historical records. Students are learning the methodology to incorporate scientific protocols and data into all aspects of their future teaching curriculum. In addition, in each of the three years of the project, pre-service teachers attended a seminar series during the fall semester with presentations by collaborators from industry, agriculture, education and government agencies. Students used NASA educational materials in the presentations that they gave at the conclusion of the seminar series. All pre- and in-service teachers continue to have support via a local web site for Heritage College GLOBE participants.

Falco, James W.

2002-01-01

97

Nonfiction Literacy in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After an outdoor excursion hunting for a "special leaf" on a delightful fall day, students returned to the classroom and were instructed to capture the leaf on a blank page in their science notebooks. They were asked to document as many details as possible, based on their observations. The overall focus of the notebooks was for students to capture…

Novakowski, Janice

2010-01-01

98

Kindergarten Scientists: The Pot of Gold at the End of the Rainbow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this science unit, kindergarten students participate in engaging and developmentally appropriate activities as they learn about the science behind rainbows. The authors include descriptions of the standards and skills addressed by the unit, a synopsis of scientifically accurate content knowledge concerning rainbows, relevant children's…

Durbin, Diana J.; Pickett, Linda H.; Powell, Tenisha L.

2011-01-01

99

Relative Contributions of Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten to Children’s Literacy and Mathematics Skills  

PubMed Central

A difficulty for developmental researchers is disambiguating children’s general maturation from the influence of schooling. In this study, we use a natural experiment to examine the influence of pre-kindergarten and kindergarten schooling experiences on the development of literacy and mathematics. Children (n = 60) whose birthdates fell within two months of the state-determined cut-off date for pre-kindergarten and kindergarten entry were administered four subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement III in the fall and spring of the school year. Using hierarchical linear modeling coupled with propensity score matching, children who were starting kindergarten, and who had prior experience in pre-kindergarten, had higher scores on measures of phonological awareness, early reading, and mathematics skills than did children who had not attended pre-kindergarten previously, even though they were essentially the same age. Fall vocabulary scores did not differ in relation to whether children had pre-kindergarten experience. In addition, although children who attended kindergarten as well as those who attended pre-kindergarten exhibited growth on all measures during the school year, children who attended kindergarten demonstrated greater gains in early reading and vocabulary during the school year. These findings highlight the potential of early schooling processes to facilitate children’s intellectual growth. PMID:23914124

Skibbe, Lori E.; Hindman, Annemarie H.; Connor, Carol M.; Housey, Michelle; Morrison, Frederick J

2013-01-01

100

Extended Day Kindergarten: Supporting Literacy and Motor Development through a Teacher Collaborative Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The kindergarten teachers in the Levittown School District implement an extended day to enhance academic and social development of their students. A description of the literacy and motor skills cluster program and specific examples of a thematic instructional unit are included. Teachers receive professional development and training and are…

Hendler, Susan; Nakelski, Maria

2008-01-01

101

Professional Development Schools and Early Childhood Education: Interactive Skills of Students, Playgroup and Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines professional development activities for students and teachers in two Dutch professional development schools (PDSs). The PDSs consist of a partnership between the kindergarten classes of the elementary school and accompanying playgroup (with children aged 4-6 and 2.6-4, respectively), a teacher's training college and a research…

de Roos, Simone A.; van der Heijden, Monique H. R. M. A.; Gorter, Ruud J.

2010-01-01

102

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Simulation Games in Traffic Safety Education of Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a post-test-only control group study to evaluate the effect of three different types of simulation games used to teach traffic safety to kindergarten students. Results suggest that games including role-playing/group dynamics and modeling/training can change attitudes and modify behavior with this age group. (FMW)

Renaud, Lise; Suissa, Samy

1989-01-01

103

Issues in Problem Solving Discourse: A Preliminary Study of the Socialization of Planning Skills during Science Lessons in a Kindergarten Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study explored how social interaction during science lessons leads to the development of planning skills in students. An analysis of group discussions was conducted. Questions addressed were: (1) What is the nature of planning discourse during science problem-solving activities with young children?; and (2) How is collaborative planning…

Stone, Lynda

104

Low-Cost Science and Technology Materials at Kindergarten Level (Examples of National Institutions of Democratic People's Republic of Korea, People's Republic of China and Brasilia).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing attention is being paid today to the place of science in general education at the preprimary, primary, and secondary levels. Educational authorities and specialists in many countries throughout the world agree about the important role that science should and can play in the context of education, but specific aims and objectives must be…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Primary Educ., Literacy & Adult Educ., Educ. in Rural Areas

105

Teacher Training and Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the improvement of pre-service teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science by including science courses within the teacher training program. Knowing how efficacy beliefs change over time and what factors influence the development by pre-service primary teachers of positive science teaching efficacy beliefs may be useful…

Velthuis, Chantal; Fisser, Petra; Pieters, Jules

2014-01-01

106

Gesture in a Kindergarten Mathematics Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent studies have advocated that mathematical meaning is mediated by gestures. This case study explores the gestures kindergarten children produce when learning spatial concepts in a mathematics classroom setting. Based on a video study of a mathematical lesson in a kindergarten class, we concentrated on the verbal and non-verbal behavior of one…

Elia, Iliada; Evangelou, Kyriacoulla

2014-01-01

107

Birth-Kindergarten: Interdisciplinary Studies in Education  

E-print Network

1 Birth-Kindergarten: Interdisciplinary Studies in Education and Development (BK:ISED) Student at Greensboro (UNCG) and the graduate program in Birth-Kindergarten: Interdisciplinary Studies in Education to their developmental needs and future career goals. The program focuses on developing competencies in four major areas

Saidak, Filip

108

Serving Young Learners: Exploring Junior Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Full-day kindergarten programs did not survive the recession in some states, where districts reduced them to half-day programs in light of severe funding cuts. Now, with rising tax revenues and falling unemployment rates, the restoration of full-day kindergarten is back on the agenda. However, now that funds are available, is restoring full-day…

Lawton, Stephen B.

2012-01-01

109

Teacher Training and Pre-service Primary Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Science Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study focuses on the improvement of pre-service teachers' self-efficacy for teaching science by including science courses within the teacher training program. Knowing how efficacy beliefs change over time and what factors influence the development by pre-service primary teachers of positive science teaching efficacy beliefs may be useful for teacher training universities, so that they can adapt their curriculum to accommodate these factors. Participants included 292 pre-service primary teachers, a cross-sectional sample from two different universities in the Netherlands across the four different years of study in the training program. Based upon our results, we conclude that the science teaching self-efficacy of pre-service teachers, in particular, improved during years 1 and 2, and not during years 3 and 4. Higher levels of self-rated subject-matter knowledge and science teaching experience in primary schools both contributed to higher levels of personal self-efficacy for science teaching. Differences at the university level in courses taken during the first year between science content courses and science methods courses also influenced the pre-service teachers' development of science teaching self-efficacy. After their first year, the pre-service teachers from the university with science content courses had significantly higher self-efficacy than pre-service teachers from the university that offered science methods courses. After the second year of teacher training, however, this difference in self-efficacy was no longer present.

Velthuis, Chantal; Fisser, Petra; Pieters, Jules

2014-06-01

110

The effects of inquiry-based science instruction training on teachers of students with significant disabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Federal mandates (A Nation at Risk, 1983 and Project 2061: Science for all Americans, 1985) as well as the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996) call for science education for all students. Recent educational laws (IDEA, 1997; NCLB, 2002) require access to and assessment of the general curriculum, including science, for all students with disabilities. Although some research exists on teaching academics to students with significant disabilities, the research on teaching science is especially limited (Browder, Spooner, Ahlgrim-Delzell, Harris, & Wakeman, 2006; Browder, Wakeman, et al., 2006; Courtade, et al., 2006). The purpose of this investigation was to determine if training teachers of students with significant disabilities to teach science concepts using a guided inquiry-based method would change the way science was instructed in the classroom. Further objectives of this study were to determine if training the teachers would increase students' participation and achievement in science. The findings of this study demonstrated a functional relationship between the inquiry-based science instruction training and teacher's ability to instruct students with significant disabilities in science using inquiry-based science instruction. The findings of this study also indicated a functional relationship between the inquiry-based science instruction training and acquisition of student inquiry skills. Also, findings indicated an increase in the number of science content standards being addressed after the teachers received the training. Some students were also able to acquire new science terms after their teachers taught using inquiry-based instruction. Finally, social validity measures indicated a high degree of satisfaction with the intervention and its intended outcomes.

Courtade, Ginevra Rose

111

National Cancer Institute and National Science Foundation Launch Collaboration; Training Grants Awarded for Nanobiotechnology  

Cancer.gov

The NCI and NSF today announced a collaboration that will establish integrative training environments for U.S. science and engineering doctoral students to focus on interdisciplinary nanoscience and technology research with applications to cancer.

112

A Kinder-Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A science fair might be the last thing you think of when planning a kindergarten science curriculum, but the authors found it to be the perfect avenue for teaching their students science-process skills. Here they share their steps in teaching science-process skills and assembling student projects in a kindergarten classroom throughout the year.…

Torres, Angelica; Vitti, Debbye

2007-01-01

113

Leadership Training in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education in Bulgaria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis paper explores current leadership training in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education in Bulgaria. The analysis begins with discussion of global factors influencing the implementation of leadership training in STEM education in general and then presents information about the current status of leadership…

Bairaktarova, Diana; Cox, Monica F.; Evangelou, Demetra

2011-01-01

114

Interdisciplinary Training for Undergraduates in Biological and Mathematical Sciences  

NSF Publications Database

... Solicitation NSF 04-546 National Science Foundation Directorate for Biological Sciences Division ... None Specified. PI Eligibility Limit: None Specified. Limit on Number of Proposals: None Specified ...

115

Improving Training in Methodology Enriches the Science of Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Replies to the comment Ramifications of increased training in quantitative methodology by Herbet Zimiles on the current authors original article "Doctoral training in statistics, measurement, and methodology in psychology: Replication and extension of Aiken, West, Sechrest, and Reno's (1990) survey of PhD programs in North America". The current…

Aiken, Leona S.; West, Stephen G.; Millsap, Roger E.

2009-01-01

116

Training and Labour Market Integration of Education Science Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research behind this article is to identify the relationships that must exist between university training and the social and occupational environment. One of the many functions that derive from the university-society relationship is to train students to carry out certain professions. as a result, the analysis of the labour market…

Vivas, Amparo Jimenez

2009-01-01

117

Roadmap: Athletic Training Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-ATTR  

E-print Network

Introduction to Clinical Athletic Training II 2 C ATTR 25057 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 3 C See note 1 25058 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 3 C See note 1 on page 2 EXSC 35068 Statistics for the Exercise in Athletic Training I 3 C fulfills experiential learning requirement EXSC 45080 Physiology of Exercise 3

Sheridan, Scott

118

Teacher training reforms in Indonesian secondary science: The importance of practical work in physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science teaching in Indonesia has undergone major reforms since independence. We examine the role of practical activities in secondary science from an international perspective and contrast this to a developing country perspective, identifying a number of constraints limiting the implementation of practical work. In examining major curriculum and teacher training reforms in Indonesia, continuing influences on science education from industrialized countries are acknowledged; however, unlike many other developing countries, Indonesia has essentially implemented curriculum and teacher training reforms using a pool of overseas trained senior teachers and locally trained personnel. A number of research studies on physics practical work in Indonesia are described, and the benefits and constraints of implementing practical work in physics classrooms are discussed.

Thair, Micheal; Treagust, David

2005-11-28

119

CSE293 Computer Science & Engineering Design Laboratory Marklin Computer Controllable Model Trains Project  

E-print Network

CSE293 Computer Science & Engineering Design Laboratory Marklin Computer Controllable Model Trains http://www.atlasrr.com/software/welcome.asp to download software for layout and planning. · Design. This would #12;CSE293 Computer Science & Engineering Design Laboratory Marklin Computer Controllable Model

Demurjian, Steven A.

120

A Curriculum Framework for Geographical Information Science (GISc) Training at South African Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geographical information science (GISc) is one of the fastest growing industries worldwide. Being a relatively new discipline, universities often provide training as part of geography, surveying, town planning, environmental and computer science programmes. This complicates professional accreditation assessments as the content, outcomes, extent…

du Plessis, H.; van Niekerk, A.

2012-01-01

121

Science and Nonscience Students' Ideas about Basic Astronomy Concepts in Preservice Training for Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 14-item questionnaire was given to 100 students in preservice training to become primary and secondary education faculty. Results showed that science and non-science majors held a series of misconceptions about several basic topics central to astronomy. The changes in astronomy misconceptions were analyzed by means of a written questionnaire…

Kalkan, Huseyin; Kiroglu, Kasim

2007-01-01

122

Training The Next Generation Of Fusion Scientists And Engineers: Summer High School Fusion Science Workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the education and outreach activities of the Hampton University Center for Fusion Research and Training (HU CFRT) is to create a high school-to-Ph.D. pipeline in plasma physics, fusion science, and related sciences for underrepresented minorities and female students. The HU CFRT Summer High School Fusion Research Workshop is an integral component of this pipeline. This workshop has

Alkesh Punjabi

2005-01-01

123

Curriculum for the Pharmacological Sciences Training Program Principal Investigators: Joan Heller Brown (jhbrown@ucsd.edu)  

E-print Network

Curriculum for the Pharmacological Sciences Training Program Principal Investigators: Joan Heller for Pharmacological Sciences Trainees (part of BMS core track requirement) W BIOM/PHAR 255A Molecular Basis of Drug Therapy II: (Brown/Joiner) 3 W BIOM/PHAR 275 Seminars in Pharmacology (once) 2 REQUIRED ELECTIVE Courses

Gleeson, Joseph G.

124

Art and science: how musical training shapes the brain  

PubMed Central

What makes a musician? In this review, we discuss innate and experience-dependent factors that mold the musician brain in addition to presenting new data in children that indicate that some neural enhancements in musicians unfold with continued training over development. We begin by addressing effects of training on musical expertise, presenting neural, perceptual, and cognitive evidence to support the claim that musicians are shaped by their musical training regimes. For example, many musician-advantages in the neural encoding of sound, auditory perception, and auditory-cognitive skills correlate with their extent of musical training, are not observed in young children just initiating musical training, and differ based on the type of training pursued. Even amidst innate characteristics that contribute to the biological building blocks that make up the musician, musicians demonstrate further training-related enhancements through extensive education and practice. We conclude by reviewing evidence from neurobiological and epigenetic approaches to frame biological markers of musicianship in the context of interactions between genetic and experience-related factors. PMID:24137142

Barrett, Karen Chan; Ashley, Richard; Strait, Dana L.; Kraus, Nina

2013-01-01

125

The Wheels on the Bot Go Round and Round: Robotics Curriculum in Pre-Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper qualitatively examines the implementation of an intensive weeklong robotics curriculum in three Pre-Kindergarten classrooms (N = 37) at an early childhood STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) focused magnet school in the Harlem area of New York City. Children at the school spent one week participating in computer…

Sullivan, Amanda; Kazakoff, Elizabeth R.; Bers, Marina Umashi

2013-01-01

126

Basic science curriculum during residency: justification based on in-training examination scores.  

PubMed

The American Board of Surgery is increasing its emphasis on competency in surgical basic science as part of residency training. The 1991 American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) contained 135 questions designated as basic science to assess residents' knowledge. We reviewed the separate progression of scores in clinical and basic sciences at Wayne State University (WSU) surgical residency and nationally through the 1991 ABSITE report. Regression analysis of WSU data yielded a slope (% correct answers per postgraduate year) of 5.3 for clinical and 2.4 for basic science scores (P < 0.001 by t-statistic applied to regression slopes). These data imply a progression of knowledge during residency but at a significantly slower rate for basic science. The national data confirm this trend, although we were unable to evaluate it statistically. This situation illustrates the need for organized teaching of clinically relevant basic science as part of a residency curriculum. PMID:7998608

Steffes, C P; Dulchavsky, S A

1994-12-01

127

"What's So Terrible About Swallowing an Apple Seed?" Problem-Based Learning in Kindergarten  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problem-Based Learning (PBL), an instructional approach originated in medical education, has gained increasing attention in K-12 science education because of its emphasis on self-directed learning and real-world problem-solving. Yet few studies have examined how PBL can be adapted for kindergarten. In this study, we examined how a veteran kindergarten teacher, who was experienced with PBL in her own learning, adapted PBL to teach students earth materials, a topic emphasized in the new state curriculum standards but students had difficulty understanding. The pre-post tests showed that students improved their content understanding. Analysis of the classroom discourse showed that PBL and the teacher's facilitation strategies provided opportunities for students to develop their questioning skills. In conclusion, we discuss the implications of this study for using PBL in kindergarten classrooms.

Zhang, Meilan; Parker, Joyce; Eberhardt, Jan; Passalacqua, Susan

2011-10-01

128

Kindergarten Teachers' and Their Assistants' Knowledge of First Aid in Slovenian Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Rapid physical and mental development in childhood also brings about a high risk of being injured. Since children spend a large amount of their time in kindergarten, there is a possibility that they would be injured while there. Design: A questionnaire for professionals was sent to a Slovenian kindergarten. Setting: The aim of this…

Slabe, Damjan; Fink, Rok

2013-01-01

129

Values of Portuguese/Non-Portuguese Mothers of Kindergarten Children, and of Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to identify continuities/discontinuities in the values of Portuguese mothers with kindergarten children belonging to high and low socio-cultural backgrounds, mothers from different cultures and kindergarten teachers. The sample was composed of sixty-five mothers (fourteen Roma, fifteen Indian, twelve African, and ten…

Marchand, Helena; d'Orey, Ines

2008-01-01

130

Integrating science and soft skills in training courses for early-career scientists in ACCENT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists receive little training in communicating to non-scientists. Yet, both stakeholders and politicians increasingly see scientists as an important part of their world. Scientists feel, however, often uncomfortable with a socio-political role, especially, as discussion frequently moves away from the area of their expertise. The European Network of Excellence in Atmospheric Composition Change (ACCENT; www.accent- network.org) has thus started to integrate both science (disciplinary, interdisciplinary approaches) and soft skills (e.g., communicating to non-scientists) in training courses for early-career scientists. In doing so, the Training and Education Task in ACCENT attempts to respond to a need expressed by many early-career scientists in Europe. There are different ways how scientific material can be brought into the public and political arenas. This contribution will share experiences in integrated training for early-career scientists, incorporating both science and outreach to the general public and politicians.

Schuepbach, E.

2006-12-01

131

Science Education and Teachers' Training: Research in Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International researchers put to evidence a worrying decrease in science disciplines' role in many countries, especially in the European Community and a poor quality in scientific competences, as issues of TIMMS (trends in international mathematics and science study) and PISA (programme for international student assessment) have proved, together…

Pilo, Miranda; Gavio, Brigitte; Grosso, Daniele; Mantero, Alfonso

2012-01-01

132

Education and Training in Mapping Sciences: A Working Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of 720 items in the mapping sciences is presented alphabetically by author. The term 'mapping sciences' has been interpreted in a catholic sense, to cover the varied aspects of the three main elements, surveying, photogrammetry, and cartography, as well as their subdivisions and combinations. Map librarianship, professional…

Steward, Harry

133

Training Teachers to Use Food to Teach Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2006, every science department chair in U.S. public, private, and parochial high schools received information on food science, including a DVD, poster, and experiment guide developed by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), IFT Foundation, and Discovery Education. To promote the experiments and to encourage implementation of the…

Schaich-Rogers, Barbara

2007-01-01

134

Training for life science experiments in space at the NASA Ames Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As this country prepares for exploration to other planets, the need to understand the affects of long duration exposure to microgravity is evident. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center's Space Life Sciences Payloads Office is responsible for a number of non-human life sciences payloads on NASA's Space Shuttle's Spacelab. Included in this responsibility is the training of those individuals who will be conducting the experiments during flight, the astronauts. Preparing a crew to conduct such experiments requires training protocols that build on simple tasks. Once a defined degree of performance proficiency is met for each task, these tasks are combined to increase the complexity of the activities. As tasks are combined into in-flight operations, they are subjected to time constraints and the crew enhances their skills through repetition. The science objectives must be completely understood by the crew and are critical to the overall training program. Completion of the in-flight activities is proof of success. Because the crew is exposed to the background of early research and plans for post-flight analyses, they have a vested interest in the flight activities. The salient features of this training approach is that it allows for flexibility in implementation, consideration of individual differences, and a greater ability to retain experiment information. This training approach offers another effective alternative training tool to existing methodologies.

Rodrigues, Annette T.; Maese, A. Christopher

1993-01-01

135

Planting the Seed: German at the Kindergarten Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses teaching foreign language in kindergarten as a way to foster favorable attitudes for serious language study at a later date. Outlines some classroom guidelines and expectations based on experiences in two kindergarten FLES programs. (EKN)

Lalande, John F., II; Taylor, Heimy F.

1982-01-01

136

Helping Students Understand Challenging Topics in Science through Ontology Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chi (2005) proposed that students experience difficulty in learning about physics concepts such as light, heat, or electric current because they attribute to these concepts an inappropriate ontological status of material substances rather than the more veridical status of emergent processes. Conceptual change could thus be facilitated by training

Slotta, James D.; Chi, Michelene T. H.

2006-01-01

137

The Impact of Teaching Assistants on Student Retention in the Sciences: Lessons for TA Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Attrition from the sciences remains a national problem. This article presents results from a survey of over 2,100 undergraduates that, contrary to previous research, suggests that teaching assistants (TAs) influence student retention in the sciences in multiple ways. Multiple linear regression (MLR) and student comments suggest that TAs influence lab climate, course grades, and students' knowledge of science careers, all of which have an effect on students' decisions to stay in or leave the sciences. The article concludes with recommendations for TA training, mentoring, and management to positively impact student retention.

O'Neal, Christopher; Cook, Constance; Purkiss, Joel; Wright, Mary; Perorazio, Tom

2007-03-01

138

Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training (get Smart): a Model for Preparing Girls in Science and Engineering Disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, it is postulated that the development of a successful training program for women in science, math, engineering, and technology (SMET) disciplines is dependent upon a combination of several factors, including (a) career orientation: commitment to SMET as a career, reasons for pursuing SMET as a career, and opportunity to pursue a SMET career; (b) knowledge of SMET: SMET courses completed, SMET achievement, and hands-on SMET activities; (c) academic and social support: diversity initiatives, role models, cooperative learning, and peer counseling; and (d) self-concept: program emphasis on competence and peer competition. The proposed model is based on the GET SMART (Girls Entering Technology, Science, Math and Research Training) workshop program to prepare and develop female high school students as competitive future SMET professionals. The proposed model is not intended to serve as an elaborate theory, but as a general guide in training females entering SMET disciplines.

Mawasha, P. Ruby; Lam, Paul C.; Vesalo, John; Leitch, Ronda; Rice, Stacey

139

The Myth of the Foolproof Script: Can Paraprofessionals Effectively Improve Kindergarten Student Achievement Using a Scripted Phonics Program?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the implementation of a scripted phonics program taught by paraprofessionals in kindergarten classrooms in a local school district. Two research questions were investigated: (a) Can paraprofessionals with no prior training in phonics effectively implement a scripted phonics program for struggling kindergartners? and (b) Did…

Tompkins, Renarta Hutchinson; Ratcliff, Nancy; Jones, Cathy; Vaden, Samuel Russell; Hunt, Gilbert; Sheehan, Heather Chase

2012-01-01

140

Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses factors leading to the formation of the British Gas Corporation (BGC) in 1973 and how the main functions of BGC (sales and purchasing, engineering, service, and finance and personnel) plus management training and training technology across these functions blend together to provide an effective service throughout BGC. (SH)

Bostock, Geoffrey

1977-01-01

141

National Institutes of Health: Science Education: Research & Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) brings new research and thoughtful insights to the American public every day, and its work is acclaimed throughout the world. This particular website offers helpful science education resources for young people from the elementary grades to college. Front and center here is the Featured Site, which might at any given visit contain an interactive exploration of the human eye, a series of pages on environmental health designed for children, or another science-related gem. Scrolling down, visitors will find the Resources for Educators area. Here they can follow links to the Microscope Imagining Station at the Exploratorium in San Francisco and the Environmental Health Science Education site from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. [KMG

2012-12-14

142

K Today: Teaching and Learning in the Kindergarten Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The kindergarten year is quite unlike preschool and not like first grade, either. What should teaching practice look like for this critical year? This book offers a vivid picture of kindergarten children, perceptive discussion of the current kindergarten context and policy issues, and clear guidelines for teaching and assessing kindergartners.…

Gullo, Dominic F., Ed.

2006-01-01

143

Foundations of Mathematics Achievement: Instructional Practices and Diverse Kindergarten Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzing Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey--Kindergarten (ECLS-K) data, we examine how exposure to instructional practices influences math test scores at the end of kindergarten for children from different racial/ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds, and for children with different levels of math skills at kindergarten entry. We also analyze…

Bottia, Martha Cecilia; Moller, Stephanie; Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Stearns, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

144

Supporting Beginning Reading in Kindergarten with Independent Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research project sought to raise reading achievement among senior Kindergarten students at Doncrest Public School (York, Ontario, Canada) to enable them to reach the Kindergarten reading standard and to maintain this level of reading over the summer months. In response to assessment data, the literacy program in Kindergarten was adapted to…

Waiser, Marlene; Whiteley, Jan

145

Behaviour Problems across Home and Kindergarten in an Australian Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the extent to which kindergarten children display behaviour problems in the clinical range at both home and kindergarten. Differences and similarities between parents' and teachers' responses to misbehaviour were also assessed. The co-occurrence of problems at home and kindergarten was assessed using the Preschool and…

Herrera, Maite; Little, Emma

2005-01-01

146

Common Sense or Professional Qualifications? Division of Labour in Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares the division of labour between kindergarten teachers and assistants in Norwegian kindergartens and discusses the two groups' perceptions of what kind of knowledge is important in order to carry out their tasks. This study is based on a survey representing kindergartens from all over Norway, and is part of a national…

Steinnes, Gerd Sylvi

2014-01-01

147

View of kindergarten building constructed ca. 1915 in the Langdale ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of kindergarten building constructed ca. 1915 in the Langdale Mill village section of Valley. Langdale Kindergarten was the first in the state of Alabama. Now called The Cotton Duck, this wooden frame structure is used as a community meeting and banquet hall - Langdale Kindergarten, 6101 Twentieth Avenue, Valley, Chambers County, AL

148

FOOD, MEALS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN DANISH KINDERGARTENS  

E-print Network

with children, parents and pedagogues in Danish kindergartens Danish PERISCOPE research team November 2008 to capture kindergarten aged children's and other stakeholders (i.e. parents and kindergartens teachers;4 The parents saw themselves as the most important role models in the life of their children. But parents also

Hansen, René Rydhof

149

The Effects of Computers on Kindergarten Children's Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of computer use on children's social skills in kindergarten. Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K), conducted by National Center for Educational Statistics, was utilized to analyze differential effects of home and school computer use on kindergarten social…

Kumtepe, Alper T.

2006-01-01

150

Application of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training in the Physical Sciences and Engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Integrity is a critical determinant of the effectiveness of research organizations in terms of producing high quality research and educating the new generation of scientists. A number of responsible conduct of research (RCR) training programs have been developed to address this growing organizational concern. However, in spite of a significant body of research in ethics training, it is still unknown which approach has the highest potential to enhance researchers' integrity. One of the approaches showing some promise in improving researchers' integrity has focused on the development of ethical decision-making skills. The current effort proposes a novel curriculum that focuses on broad metacognitive reasoning strategies researchers use when making sense of day-to-day social and professional practices that have ethical implications for the physical sciences and engineering. This sensemaking training has been implemented in a professional sample of scientists conducting research in electrical engineering, atmospheric and computer sciences at a large multi-cultural, multi-disciplinary, and multi-university research center. A pre-post design was used to assess training effectiveness using scenario-based ethical decision-making measures. The training resulted in enhanced ethical decision-making of researchers in relation to four ethical conduct areas, namely data management, study conduct, professional practices, and business practices. In addition, sensemaking training led to researchers' preference for decisions involving the application of the broad metacognitive reasoning strategies. Individual trainee and training characteristics were used to explain the study findings. Broad implications of the findings for ethics training development, implementation, and evaluation in the sciences are discussed.

Kligyte, Vykinta; Marcy, Richard T.; Waples, Ethan P.; Sevier, Sydney T.; Godfrey, Elaine S.; Mumford, Michael D.; Hougen, Dean F.

2008-06-01

151

Making sense of doctoral training reforms in the social sciences:  

E-print Network

effectively amounted to a ‘national curriculum’ in research methods training, the ESRC forced many institutions to undertake major revisions of their doctoral programmes. This history is told in more depth elsewhere (Hockey 1991), but it marked the beginning... this concern. They dispute the conventional academic wisdom that ‘educational development is necessarily implicated in advancing the goals of neo-liberalism’, and instead ‘hold on to the hope that improving teaching and learning can be taken seriously...

Mills, David

2009-01-01

152

Computerizing reading training: Evaluation of a latent semantic analysis space for science text  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a domain-specific latent semantic analysis (LSA) in assessing reading strategies was examined. Students\\u000a were given self-explanation reading training (SERT) and asked to think aloud after each sentence in a science text. Novice\\u000a and expert human raters and two LSA spaces (general reading, science) rated the similarity of each think-aloud protocol to\\u000a benchmarks representing three different reading strategies

Christopher A. Kurby; Katja Wiemer-Hastings; Nagasai Ganduri; Joseph P. Magliano; Keith K. Millis; Danielle S. McNamara

2003-01-01

153

A-Train Data for Assessing Air Quality From the Atmospheric Science Data Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

A-Train Data for Assessing Air Quality from the Atmospheric Science Data Center The Atmospheric Science Data Center at NASA Langley Research Center is the archive and distribution center for data from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) and Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) instruments. CALIPSO was launched into a sun-synchronous orbit on April 28, 2006, where it joined

L. A. Hunt

2008-01-01

154

What to expect from the National Science Foundation's T4 Project: Talented Teachers in Training for Texas  

E-print Network

What to expect from the National Science Foundation's T4 Project: Talented Teachers in Training.25 GPA required) Sr $15000 T4 grant + $4000 TEACH grant (3.25 GPA required) Classroom training 1st to two years of service as a math or science teacher in a high-needs school district for each scholarship

Long, Nicholas

155

Brookhaven National Laboratory/ Photon Sciences Directorate Subject: Photon Sciences Training Program  

E-print Network

environmental management system (EMS) and occupational safety and health (OSH) training initiatives. 2.5 PS with the Standards Based Management System (SBMS), the Management System for Training and Qualifications as the directorate contact for training activities. 2.2 PS Environment, Safety & Health (ESH) Manager - Has primary

Ohta, Shigemi

156

National Institutes of Health: Science Education: Research & Training  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) have created high-quality digital content for scientists, teachers, and the general public for over a decade. This particular area of their website brings together some of their ambitious projects, including the Microscope Imaging Station and materials from their Office of Science Education. First up is the Microscope Imaging Station (developed in part with assistance from the Exploratorium in San Francisco) where visitors can use the virtual "station" to learn about immune cells and sea urchins that are "bent on destruction". In the "Office of Science Education" section of the site, visitors will find fact sheets, lesson plans, and posters that deal with 41 different topics, including bioethics and the digestive system. There are six other sections here, including "Environmental Health Science Education" and "Health & Education". The site is rounded out by an inspiration message for high school graduates by the current NIH directory, Dr. Francis Collins.

157

The Lake Ontario Great Lakes Science Practicum: A Model for Training Limnology Students on  

E-print Network

COMMENTARY The Lake Ontario Great Lakes Science Practicum: A Model for Training Limnology Students limnology practicum conducted on the R/V Lake Guardian that focused on classical and emerging technologies: Inquiry teaching, education, limnology, Lake Ontario. J. Great Lakes Res. 31:236­242 Internat. Assoc

Langen, Tom A.

158

Building the foundations for future science The ORCHID Doctoral Training Programme is looking for  

E-print Network

Building the foundations for future science The ORCHID Doctoral Training Programme is looking generation of intelligent information systems ­ Human- Agent Collectives (HACs). ORCHID offers fully for this competitive scholarship you must demonstrate a relevant connection with the UK*. ORCHID students will play

Anderson, Jim

159

Science and Mathematics Education Research Training Program 1966-1972. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A six-year program providing training for ten individuals in science education and seven in mathematics education research is described. Lists of program objectives, requirements and course work for the program, and faculty members involved are included along with information on selection of trainees, enrollment by year, resulting dissertation…

Pella, Milton O.

160

Teachers Training Teachers: Four Perspectives on an Innovative Mentoring Program for Intern Science Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Graduate School of Education (GSE) at the University of California at Berkeley (UCB), the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD), and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) have collaborated to pilot an on-site training and mentoring program for intern science teachers. Exit interviews suggest that its innovative mentoring…

Diehl, Christine L.; Harris, Jerilyn; Barrios, David; O'Connor, Heather; Fong, Jennifer

161

Teaching Citizen Science Skills Online: Implications for Invasive Species Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizen science programs are emerging as an efficient way to increase data collection and help monitor invasive species. Effective invasive species monitoring requires rigid data quality assurances if expensive control efforts are to be guided by volunteer data. To achieve data quality, effective online training is needed to improve field skills…

Newman, Greg; Crall, Alycia; Laituri, Melinda; Graham, Jim; Stohlgren, Tom; Moore, John C.; Kodrich, Kris; Holfelder, Kirstin A.

2010-01-01

162

Responsible and Ethical Conduct of Research (RCR) Training National Science Foundation (NSF)  

E-print Network

Responsible and Ethical Conduct of Research (RCR) Training Policies National Science Foundation Overview Formal instruction in the responsible and ethical conduct of research (RCR), as defined by federal/trainee responsibilities Data acquisition, management, sharing, and ownership Research ethics and the role

Noble, James S.

163

Eating for performance: bringing science to the training table.  

PubMed

Despite many advances in nutritional knowledge and dietary practices, sports nutrition-associated issues, such as fatigue, loss of strength and stamina, loss of speed, and problems with weight management and inadequate energy intake, are common. Sound nutritional practices and well-designed patterns of eating are not awarded the same priority as training and many athletes fail to recognize that poor eating habits or suboptimal hydration choices may detract from athletic performance. Those who care for athletes and active individuals must take an active role in their nutritional well-being. This article reviews the present generally accepted principles for nutritional management in sport. PMID:21658554

Bonci, Leslie J

2011-07-01

164

History of Physics in Science Teacher Training in Oldenburg.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the courses in a study program called History of Physics for physics student teachers at Oldenburg University in Germany, some of which are modified from the ordinary physics curriculum with an emphasis on history and philosophy of science. Presents some examples of student achievements and points out the educational relevance. (ASK)

Riess, Falk

2000-01-01

165

Handheld technology acceptance in radiologic science education and training programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to explore the behavioral intention of directors of educational programs in the radiologic sciences to adopt handheld devices to aid in managing student clinical data. Handheld devices were described to participants as a technology representing a class of mobile electronic devices including, but not limited to, personal digital assistants such as a Palm TX, Apple iPod Touch, Apple iPad or Hewlett Packard iPaq, and cellular or smartphones with third generation mobile capabilities such as an Apple iPhone, Blackberry or Android device. The study employed a non-experimental, cross-sectional survey design to determine the potential of adopting handheld technologies based on the constructs of Davis's (1989) Technology Acceptance Model. An online self-report questionnaire survey instrument was used to gather study data from 551 entry level radiologic science programs specializing in radiography, radiation therapy, nuclear medicine and medical sonography. The study design resulted in a single point in time assessment of the relationship between the primary constructs of the Technology Acceptance Model: perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use, and the behavioral intention of radiography program directors to adopt the information technology represented by hand held devices. Study results provide justification for investing resources to promote the adoption of mobile handheld devices in radiologic science programs and study findings serve as a foundation for further research involving technology adoption in the radiologic sciences.

Powers, Kevin Jay

166

Handheld Technology Acceptance in Radiologic Science Education and Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the behavioral intention of directors of educational programs in the radiologic sciences to adopt handheld devices to aid in managing student clinical data. Handheld devices were described to participants as a technology representing a class of mobile electronic devices including, but not limited to,…

Powers, Kevin Jay

2012-01-01

167

Roadmap: Athletic Training Bachelor of Science [EH-BS-ATTR  

E-print Network

Requirement 3 Kent Core Requirement 3 Semester Two: [15 Credit Hours] ATTR 15011 Introduction to Clinical and Physiology I 3 C CHEM 10050 Fundamentals of Chemistry 3 Fulfills Kent Core Basic Sciences HED 14020 Medical 35068 Statistics for the Exercise Scientist 3 PEP 25059 Sport in Society 3 Fulfills domestic diversity

Sheridan, Scott

168

Revised October 2011 School: Children's School Kindergarten  

E-print Network

, Physical Capabilities / Health & Safety, and Artistic Expression & Appreciation ·Focus on individualized, and an Administrative Coordinator ·Kindergarten Team includes two teachers and one assistant teacher ·Teachers ·Cooperation and collaboration with therapists when necessary, but no in-house special services ·Security

169

The Kindergarten Curriculum. Bulletin, 1919, No. 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum presented in this bulletin is a response to a definite need frequently expressed by kindergarten teachers, primary teachers, and school men. The work of the different grades has been fairly standardized as to subject matter and method, and is usually outlined quite definitely for the guidance of teachers in the course of study. But…

Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1919

1919-01-01

170

Universal Screening for Writing Risk in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early identification of students at risk for writing disabilities is an important step in improving writing performance. Kindergarten students (n = 84) were administered a set of researcher-developed writing tasks (letter writing, sound spelling, word spelling, and sentence writing) and school-administered reading tasks ("Dynamic Indicators…

Coker, David L., Jr.; Ritchey, Kristen D.

2014-01-01

171

The Native Language in Teaching Kindergarten Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of the native language as a medium of instruction is believed to be the fastest and most natural route towards developing a strong foundation in mathematics literacy (Mimaropa, In D.O.No. 74, s.2009). This study examined the effect of using the native language in the teaching of kindergarten mathematics. A total of 34 five to six year old…

Espada, Janet P.

2012-01-01

172

Renew! Take a Break in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A university child development/early childhood education professor renews her relationship with young children and with current public school teaching by spending 5 weeks in kindergarten. This article describes some highlights of her experience: the children's daily journal writing, an in-class and take-home math activity, and teaching the…

Charlesworth, Rosalind

2005-01-01

173

Implementing Intervention Movement Programs for Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reported study aimed to identify the effects of two 10-week intervention programs on fundamental locomotor skill performance in kindergarten children. Seventy-five children with mean age 5.4 plus or minus 0.5 years participated. Experimental Group A followed a movement program, experimental Group B followed a music and movement program, and…

Deli, Eleni; Bakle, Iliana; Zachopoulou, Evridiki

2006-01-01

174

Kindergarten Explorations with Snow, Ice, and Water  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using winter snow, kindergarten students can explore the properties of water. Students demonstrate melting, freezing, expansion, and evaporation through a number of activities involving a paper cup and a scoop of snow. Procedures and student reactions are described in detail by the teacher-author. (MA)

Carroll, Martha A.

1978-01-01

175

INTERPRETING MODERN MATHEMATICS GRADES KINDERGARTEN THROUGH SIX.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A TELEVISION SERIES ENTITLED "INTERPRETING MODERN MATHEMATICS" IS SPONSORED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY AS AN INSERVICE EDUCATIONAL SERVICE FOR TEACHERS OF GRADES KINDERGARTEN THROUGH SIX. THE SERIES IS NOT INTENDED TO OFFER A COMPREHENSIVE COURSE IN MODERN MATHEMATICS, BUT RATHER TO DEAL WITH THE CONTENT, MATERIALS, AND…

San Diego County Dept. of Education, CA.

176

Child-Care History and Kindergarten Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied effects of previous amount of day care on social adjustment of children in kindergarten. Parents provided child histories; children were later assessed by teachers, peers, and observers. Children with higher day care (in 0-1, 1-4, and 4-5 years categories) scored higher on negative adjustment and lower on positive adjustment assessments in…

Bates, John E.; And Others

1994-01-01

177

Blended-Art at the Kindergarten Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A foundational research assumption for this project is that the combination of open-ended-art and structured-art will enhance the development of the kindergartener. In today's standards driven classroom environment, art is often overlooked in place of text based curriculum. The idea of this project is to blend two approaches to teaching art and…

Sill, Jessica E.

2009-01-01

178

LET'S HAVE A GOOD NURSERY-KINDERGARTEN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GENERAL POINTERS ON A NURSERY SCHOOL AND KINDERGARTEN PROGRAM FOR YOUNG CHILDREN ARE GIVEN. SUBJECTS DEALT WITH ARE--CHARACTERISTICS OF 2- TO 5-YEAR-OLDS, DISCIPLINE PROBLEMS, THE CURRICULUM AND THE TEACHER'S RELATIONSHIP TO IT, SCHEDULING, SUBJECT AREAS OF ART, MUSIC, LANGUAGE, DRAMATIC PLAY, NATURE, AND OUTDOOR PLAY, SANITATION AND SAFETY,…

SPIVEY, LENORE W.

179

History of Physics in Science Teacher Training in Oldenburg  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For several years Oldenburg University in Germany has offered a study program in History of Physics for physics teacher students. Some courses of the ordinary physics curriculum were modified with an emphasis on history and philosophy of science, and some lectures focussed on historical subjects were newly created. Moreover the candidates for final exams can choose a historical topic - usually centered on an experiment - as the subject of their exam paper. In the following article the courses are shortly described, some examples of the students'' achievements are presented, and the educational relevance is pointed out. Finally the experiences of the project so far are described and assessed.

Riess, Falk

180

Integrating Science Communication Training and Public Outreach Activities into the Juneau Icefield Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creating better linkages between scientific research activities and the general public relies on developing the science communication skills of upcoming generations of geoscientists. Despite the valuable role of science outreach, education, and communication activities, few graduate and even fewer undergraduate science departments and programs actively foster the development of these skills. The Juneau Icefield Research Program (JIRP) was established in 1946 to train and engage primarily undergraduate students in the geosciences, field research skills, and to prepare students for careers in extreme and remote environments. During the course of the 8-week summer program, students make the 125-mile traverse across the Juneau Icefield from Juneau, Alaska to Atlin, British Columbia. Along the way, students receive hands on experience in field research methods, lectures from scientists across several disciplines, and develop and carry out individual research projects. Until the summer of 2012, a coordinated science communication training and field-based outreach campaign has not been a part of the program. During the 2012 Juneau Icefield Research Program, 15 undergraduate and graduate students from across the United States and Canada participated in JIRP. Throughout the 2-month field season, students contributed blog text, photos, and videos to a blog hosted at GlacierChange.org. In addition to internet outreach, students presented their independent research projects to public audiences in Atlin, British Columbia and Juneau, Alaska. To prepare students for completing these activities, several lectures in science communication and outreach related skills were delivered throughout the summer. The lectures covered the reasons to engage in outreach, science writing, photography, and delivering public presentations. There is no internet connection on the Icefield, few computers, and outreach materials were primarily sent out using existing helicopter support. The successes and challenges to integrating a science communication training program and outreach campaign into a field-based program were documented using ethnographic methods and student surveys. The results and lessons learned provide an avenue to explore the methods by which to integrate science communication training into remote, field-based, research training programs.

Timm, K.; Kavanaugh, J. L.; Beedle, M. J.

2012-12-01

181

Promoting an Integrated Science Approach in Teacher Training Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Rio Grande Valley of Texas presents a unique opportunity for teacher workshops. First of all, it is separated geographically from major Texas metropolitan areas and it is still primarily rural with relatively small cities and the population is predominantly Hispanic. Teacher workshop offerings in the valley are limited and the teachers usually travel at their own expense to larger cities such as Corpus Christi, San Antonio or Houston to enhance their science background. A few years ago we were prompted by Javier Garcia to offer a workshop at the University of Texas at Brownsville. For three consecutive summers, with NASA funding and support, we taught a one week integrated science teacher workshop at the University of Texas at Brownsville. The workshop is nontraditional, as we do not concentrate on a single scientific discipline such as geology, physics but cover the broader scientific disciplines. Each day is devoted to a separate field, i.e. physics, terrestrial geology, space geology, etc. The topics can vary from year to year. Scientists are brought to Brownsville from the greater Houston area and represent the University of Houston-Downtown, Rice University, Texas Southern University and Johnson Space Center. All sessions are inquiry based and include short introductions to subjects and interactive activities that can be adapted to a variety of age groups. For example, the relationship between Earth and Moon is a crucial state middle school education standard. We begin the Earth/Moon activities with standard inquiry activities such as using flashlights to create phases of the Moon and eclipses, and extend the activities to higher mathematical levels through calculations of the height of lunar features through measuring shadow lengths, and discussion of space weather concerns for lunar exploration. As a way to illustrate the contrast between the Earth and the Moon, we show our planetarium show "Earth's Wild Ride", which is set on a lunar colony, as a start for discussion on lunar versus earth surfaces, atmospheres, and skies. The program has been a success as teachers, which have included grades 4-12, can choose the subjects. Some elect to attend the whole week while others may attend only 1 or 2 days. The advantage to this type of program is that it is easily adaptable to the science requirements for the various grade levels and it provides flexibility as some teachers are traveling 2-3 hours by automobile to attend. Thus by bringing both scientists and a planetarium to the Valley, we provide a "field trip without the bus".

Morris, P. A.; Reiff, P.; Garcia, J.; McKay, G. A.

2007-12-01

182

Research Report 2010 The main research of the Department of Training and Movement Sciences of the Humboldt-  

E-print Network

international sports science research. In addition to the skills in training science, biomechanics and motor and movement sciences as well as in sports medicine in 1995 and got his habiliation in biomechanics in 2002 control and safety of locomotion. Through an integrative approach of biomechanics, physiology

Röder, Beate

183

BEST: Bilingual environmental science training: Grades 1--2  

SciTech Connect

This booklet is one of a series of bilingual guides to environmental-science learning activities for students to do at home. Lesson objectives, materials required, procedure, vocabulary, and subjects integrated into the lesson are described in English for each lesson. A bilingual glossary, alphabetized by English entries, with Spanish equivalents and definitions in both English and Spanish, follows the lesson descriptions, and is itself followed by a bibliography of English-language references. This booklet includes descriptions of ten lessons covering surface tension in water, the life cycle of plants, the protective function of the skeletal system, functions and behavior of the circulatory system and how to measure its activities, structure and functions of the digestive system, simple food chains, how that many foods come from different plant parts, importance of a good diet, distinguishing living and non-living things, and the benefits of composting. 8 figs.

NONE

1996-03-01

184

Enhancing visuospatial performance through video game training to increase learning in visuospatial science domains.  

PubMed

Although previous research has demonstrated that performance on visuospatial assessments can be enhanced through relevant experience, an unaddressed question is whether such experience also produces a similar increase in target domains (such as science learning) where visuospatial abilities are directly relevant for performance. In the present study, participants completed either spatial or nonspatial training via interaction with video games and were then asked to read and learn about the geologic topic of plate tectonics. Results replicate the benefit of playing appropriate video games in enhancing visuospatial performance and demonstrate that this facilitation also manifests itself in learning science topics that are visuospatial in nature. This novel result suggests that visuospatial training not only can impact performance on measures of spatial functioning, but also can affect performance in content areas in which these abilities are utilized. PMID:22037919

Sanchez, Christopher A

2012-02-01

185

Implementation Research in Mental Health Services: an Emerging Science with Conceptual, Methodological, and Training challenges  

PubMed Central

One of the most critical issues in mental health services research is the gap between what is known about effective treatment and what is provided to consumers in routine care. Concerted efforts are required to advance implementation science and produce skilled implementation researchers. This paper seeks to advance implementation science in mental health services by over viewing the emergence of implementation as an issue for research, by addressing key issues of language and conceptualization, by presenting a heuristic skeleton model for the study of implementation processes, and by identifying the implications for research and training in this emerging field. PMID:19104929

Landsverk, John; Aarons, Gregory; Chambers, David; Glisson, Charles; Mittman, Brian

2013-01-01

186

Implementation research in mental health services: an emerging science with conceptual, methodological, and training challenges.  

PubMed

One of the most critical issues in mental health services research is the gap between what is known about effective treatment and what is provided to consumers in routine care. Concerted efforts are required to advance implementation science and produce skilled implementation researchers. This paper seeks to advance implementation science in mental health services by over viewing the emergence of implementation as an issue for research, by addressing key issues of language and conceptualization, by presenting a heuristic skeleton model for the study of implementation processes, and by identifying the implications for research and training in this emerging field. PMID:19104929

Proctor, Enola K; Landsverk, John; Aarons, Gregory; Chambers, David; Glisson, Charles; Mittman, Brian

2009-01-01

187

Kindergarten food familiarization. An exploratory study of teachers' perspectives on food and nutrition in kindergartens.  

PubMed

This exploratory study employed a netnographic approach (netnography being a research methodology that adopts the practices of ethnography in an Internet-based setting) to reveal opportunities for kindergarten food familiarization. The study analyses kindergarten teachers' discussions on seven Internet message boards regarding the various food and nutrition experiences in their classes. Semi-structured interviews were then conducted with seven kindergarten teachers to explore further the message board findings. Five opportunities for how food familiarization occurs in kindergartens emerged from the analysis. These opportunities were categorized as being either "overt": (1) nutrition lessons, (2) snack times, (3) cooking experiences, or "covert" (4) food as teaching materials, and (5) dramatic play centres. Overt refers to any opportunity centred on food, healthy eating, or nutrition, whereas covert refers to opportunities where food was involved but in a non-exclusive manner. The five opportunities are examined and discussed in terms of their implications for children's food preference development. Results should be useful for future researchers for two main reasons. First, the results demonstrate the wide variety of food and nutrition experiences kindergarten students encounter throughout the day, beyond healthy eating interventions or foods served during meals. And second, because the findings are preliminary they require further research using various methods of data collection and samples of teachers. PMID:25526827

Lynch, Meghan

2015-04-01

188

Train  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides instructions for a game that develops number sense, basic addition and subtraction skills, and strategic thinking. Beginning with 10 Cuisenaire rods, one of each length from 1 (white) and 10 (orange), two players take turns adding one rod at a time to a train until it reaches a previously agreed-on length between 11 and 55. The player who puts down the last rod to complete the goal length is the winner. The game can be played with real rods, with the Flash applet provided, or with numbers on paper.

2005-10-01

189

Space Science K-6; Elementary Science Unit No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, part of a series of science units, provides for differentiation of emphasis of subject areas at different grade levels. It is intended that the unit will be studied in depth by grades 1, 4, and 6. Kindergarten, grades 2 and 3 will study the unit in less detail. "Our Wonderful Sun" is studied in Kindergarten, "Earth in Space"…

Bethlehem Area Schools, PA.

190

Science Conversations for Young Learners  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What do you get when you add 20 kindergarten students and a student-led science discussion for the first time? Mass chaos! So, after taking some time to recover, the authors began to reflect on what they could change to help orchestrate quality science discussions in their kindergarten class. They wondered how they could empower young learners to partake in science discussions that would include participating, negotiating, taking turns, and listening to others. From these reflections, a "Science Conversation" plan was formed and implemented. They found that student-led discussions can begin in kindergarten. These young students are very capable� and they have a lot to say!

Sander, Julie; Nelson, Sara

2009-02-01

191

Doctoral training in Uganda: evaluation of mentoring best practices at Makerere university college of health sciences  

PubMed Central

Background Good mentoring is a key variable for determining success in completing a doctoral program. We identified prevailing mentoring practices among doctoral students and their mentors, identified common challenges facing doctoral training, and proposed some solutions to enhance the quality of the doctoral training experience for both candidates and mentors at Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS). Methods This cross-sectional qualitative evaluation was part of the monitoring and evaluation program for doctoral training. All doctoral students and their mentors were invited for a half-day workshop through the MakCHS mailing list. Prevailing doctoral supervision and mentoring guidelines were summarised in a one-hour presentation. Participants were split into two homogenous students’ (mentees’) and mentors’ groups to discuss specific issues using a focus group discussion (FGD) guide, that highlighted four main themes in regard to the doctoral training experience; what was going well, what was not going well, proposed solutions to current challenges and perceived high priority areas for improvement. The two groups came together again and the note-takers from each group presented their data and discussions were recorded by a note-taker. Results Twelve out of 36 invited mentors (33%) and 22 out of 40 invited mentees (55%) attended the workshop. Mentors and mentees noted increasing numbers of doctoral students and mentors, which provided opportunities for peer mentorship. Delays in procurement and research regulatory processes subsequently delayed students’ projects. Similarly, mentees mentioned challenges of limited; 1) infrastructure and mentors to support basic science research projects, 2) physical office space for doctoral students and their mentors, 3) skills in budgeting and finance management and 4) communication skills including conflict resolution. As solutions, the team proposed skills’ training, induction courses for doctoral students-mentor teams, and a Frequently Asked Questions’ document, to better inform mentors’, mentees’ expectations and experiences. Conclusion Systemic and infrastructural limitations affect the quality of the doctoral training experience at MaKCHS. Clinical and biomedical research infrastructure, in addition to training in research regulatory processes, procurement and finance management, communication skills and information technology, were highlighted as high priority areas for strategic interventions to improve mentoring within doctoral training of clinician scientists. PMID:24410984

2014-01-01

192

Kindergarten Common Core State Standards Flip Book  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 42-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the Kindergarten level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades 1-5.

2012-06-01

193

[A tuberculosis epidemic in one kindergarten].  

PubMed

In a routine PPD skin test among 1st grade pupils in 4 elementary schools, Fukushima prefecture in April 1989, the number of pupils that showed strongly positive was unusually high. Moreover, 2 tuberculosis cases were detected among them. Since those children graduated the same kindergarten, and one of 6 kindergarten teachers had been complaining cough and hoarseness for about 3 to 5 months before being diagnosed as a smear positive patient in the contact survey, she was suspected to be the source of infection. Meanwhile, she had been treated for common cold and chronic bronchitis in several clinics, therefore, the main cause of this epidemic was due to the doctor's delay in detecting the case. With the discovery of 2 additional cases in the contact survey of the kindergarten, there were 5 cases altogether including the index cases. Three of 4 children's cases had been vaccinated with BCG. If the children who showed strong reaction to tuberculin and eventually treated prophylactically with isoniazid were assumed the infected, the rate of development of disease among the infected was 13.6 to 27.3%. Usually, lymph node enlargement of the hilum is said not to be observed among vaccinated, though slightly, it was evident among the cases in this epidemic. PMID:8255071

Yamaguchi, Y; Kishi, M

1993-10-01

194

The Kindergarten Year: Findings from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released in December 2000 by the National Center for Education Statistics, "this report attempts to answer two basic sets of questions about children's knowledge and skill acquisition during the kindergarten year." The report presents and analyzes data on improvements in math and reading skills for children pre- and post-kindergarten in specific cognitive skills such as letter recognition, understanding the letter-sound relationship, and sight-word recognition (in reading) and "counting beyond 10, recognizing the sequence in basic patterns, and comparing the relative size (dimensional relationship) of objects" (in mathematics). The report is presented in .pdf format and features a hypertext table of contents.

Denton, Kristin.; Reaney, Lizabeth M.; West, Jerry.

195

Training Trainers in health and human rights: Implementing curriculum change in South African health sciences institutions  

PubMed Central

Background The complicity of the South African health sector in apartheid and the international relevance of human rights as a professional obligation prompted moves to include human rights competencies in the curricula of health professionals in South Africa. A Train-the-Trainers course in Health and Human Rights was established in 1998 to equip faculty members from health sciences institutions nationwide with the necessary skills, attitudes and knowledge to teach human rights to their students. This study followed up participants to determine the extent of curriculum implementation, support needed as well as barriers encountered in integrating human rights into health sciences teaching and learning. Methods A survey including both quantitative and qualitative components was distributed in 2007 to past course participants from 1998-2006 via telephone, fax and electronic communication. Results Out of 162 past participants, 46 (28%) completed the survey, the majority of whom were still employed in academic settings (67%). Twenty-two respondents (48%) implemented a total of 33 formal human rights courses into the curricula at their institutions. Respondents were nine times more likely (relative risk 9.26; 95% CI 5.14-16.66) to implement human rights education after completing the training. Seventy-two extracurricular activities were offered by 21 respondents, many of whom had successfully implemented formal curricula. Enabling factors for implementation included: prior teaching experience in human rights, general institutional support and the presence of allies - most commonly coworkers as well as deans. Frequently cited barriers to implementation included: budget restrictions, time constraints and perceived apathy of colleagues or students. Overall, respondents noted personal enrichment and optimism in teaching human rights. Conclusion This Train-the-Trainer course provides the historical context, educational tools, and collective motivation to incorporate human rights educational initiatives at health sciences institutions. Increased implementation of human rights instruction, both formally and extracurricularly, has demonstrated the training's significance not only within academic institutions but more broadly across the health sector. Coworkers are vital allies in teaching human rights to health sciences students, helping to alleviate institutional barriers. Training fellow staff members and those in key leadership roles is noted as vital to the sustainability of human rights education. PMID:21787421

2011-01-01

196

Strengthening faculty recruitment for health professions training in basic sciences in Zambia.  

PubMed

Zambia is facing a crisis in its human resources for health, with deficits in the number and skill mix of health workers. The University of Zambia School of Medicine (UNZA SOM) was the only medical school in the country for decades, but recently it was joined by three new medical schools--two private and one public. In addition to expanding medical education, the government has also approved several allied health programs, including pharmacy, physiotherapy, biomedical sciences, and environmental health. This expansion has been constrained by insufficient numbers of faculty. Through a grant from the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI), UNZA SOM has been investing in ways to address faculty recruitment, training, and retention. The MEPI-funded strategy involves directly sponsoring a cohort of faculty at UNZA SOM during the five-year grant, as well as establishing more than a dozen new master's programs, with the goal that all sponsored faculty are locally trained and retained. Because the issue of limited basic science faculty plagues medical schools throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, this strategy of using seed funding to build sustainable local capacity to recruit, train, and retain faculty could be a model for the region. PMID:25072591

Simuyemba, Moses; Talib, Zohray; Michelo, Charles; Mutale, Wilbroad; Zulu, Joseph; Andrews, Ben; Nzala, Selestine; Katubulushi, Max; Njelesani, Evariste; Bowa, Kasonde; Maimbolwa, Margaret; Mudenda, John; Mulla, Yakub

2014-08-01

197

Economics Environmental Science Track This track of courses is designed for students who want to couple their training in economics  

E-print Network

1 of 2 Economics Environmental Science Track This track of courses is designed for students who want to couple their training in economics with additional studies in environmental science. Ideally, students in this track would complement their economics or agricultural business major with a minor

Maxwell, Bruce D.

198

The Effect of the Advanced Placement Training and Incentive Program on Increasing Enrollment and Performance on Advanced Placement Science Exams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the National Math and Science Initiative's Advanced Placement Training and Incentive Program (APTIP) on the number of students taking AP science courses and their performance. The study evaluated 39 schools over a six-year period in six states that participate in the APTIP. The…

Ramsey, Susan Brady

2012-01-01

199

[On the impact of social stress on concentration performances in kindergarteners: results of naturalistic experiments in kindergarten-settings].  

PubMed

Results of three experimental studies (implemented in naturalistic kindergarten-settings) on short-term effects of social stress on concentration performance in young children are presented. In all 250 kindergarten-children were tested repeatedly with the Kaseler-Konzentrations-Aufgabe (KKA; Kasel-Concentration-Task for Children Aged 3-8 Years; test-duration: 6-7 minutes). In addition, after each KKA-test the children were asked about their subjective feelings of tiredness and of distractions during the test. In Study I 90 kindergarten-children were randomized to a standard individual test-setting, a triadic test-setting with another child observing the test child, and an individual test-setting within the noisy kindergarten group. Study II refers to 40 kindergarten-children tested individually and repeatedly in a silent standard setting, in a noisy setting with other children playing loudly outside, and in a noisy setting with other children singing very loudly in their group-rooms outside the testing-room. 120 kindergarten-children took part in Study III, in which test time and social setting (shortly after arrival in kindergarten, after joint breakfast, before and after joint lunch) were varied. In Study I results point at large negative effects of social stress on concentration performance. No effects of typical kindergarten noises on concentration were observed in Study II and Study III, with the exception of stress reactions on concentration in the after-joint-lunch kindergarten setting. Results point at good habituations to common social stress in kindergarten-children as well as specific strong stress reactions on concentration in social settings, including observers and noisy group-settings. Subjective ratings of distractions during testing and of tiredness after testing are not correlated with cognitive stress reactions, putting the competence of kindergarten-children to report verbally solid about their stress reactions in question. PMID:18461846

Krampen, Günter

2008-01-01

200

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in ADHD Diagnosis by Kindergarten Entry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Whether and to what extent racial/ethnic disparities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis occur by kindergarten entry is currently unknown. We investigated risk factors associated with an ADHD diagnosis by kindergarten entry generally, and specifically whether racial/ethnic disparities in ADHD diagnosis occur by…

Morgan, Paul L.; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Farkas, George; Maczuga, Steve

2014-01-01

201

Evaluation of an Extended-Day Kindergarten Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a model for an extended-day kindergarten program that had been in operation in select schools for nearly 20 years, a southeastern Virginia school division expanded the Extended-Day Kindergarten (EDK) Program with an additional 40 classes in 39 schools during the 2006-2007 school year. The EDK Program supplemented the traditional half-day…

Janicki, Heidi L.

2011-01-01

202

The Timing of Early Reading Assessment in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the accountability provisions of the No Child Left Behind legislation, screening for reading risk has become routine in kindergarten. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of the timing of kindergarten assessment and the type of support provided to teachers to translate assessment results to instruction. Sixty-two schools…

Santi, Kristi L.; York, Mary; Foorman, Barbara R.; Francis, David J.

2009-01-01

203

Kindergarten Teachers' Beliefs toward Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to examine the beliefs of Jordanian kindergarten teachers toward developmentally appropriate practices (DAP). The sample consists of 285 (14.9%) randomly selected teachers working in public and private kindergartens. A questionnaire with two parts, (1) general information and (2) teachers' beliefs regarding DAP, was…

Abu-Jaber, Majed; Al-Shawareb, Aseel; Gheith, Eman

2010-01-01

204

Enhancing the Transition to Kindergarten: Linking Children, Families, & Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual describes an approach to enhancing children's transitions into kindergarten. This approach, developed as a collaborative effort among researchers at the National Center for Early Development & Learning Kindergarten Transition Project at the University of Virginia and local school personnel, focuses on forming a network of social…

Kraft-Sayre, Marcia E.; Pianta, Robert C.

205

Promoting Phonological Awareness Skills of Egyptian Kindergarteners through Dialogic Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines the effect of dialogic reading (DR) on the promotion of Arabic phonological awareness skills (including syllable awareness, rhyme awareness, and phoneme awareness) of Egyptian kindergarteners. The participants were 67 children enrolled in the second level of kindergarten (ages 5-6), assigned to an experimental group…

Elmonayer, Randa Abdelaleem

2013-01-01

206

The Housing and Equipment of Kindergartens. Bulletin, 1921, No. 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 8 or 10 years there has been unusual progress in the establishment of kindergartens in most of the cities and States, but still the kindergarten is a phase of school work less known than the work of the grades in the elementary schools. Many school officers and school architects lack information as to the character of rooms and…

Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1921

1921-01-01

207

Reconceptualizing Kindergarten Education in South Korea: A Postcolonial Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the relevance of postcolonialism in early childhood education, with special reference to the kindergarten education system of South Korea. Most of the research on Korean kindergarten education has conceptualized it as preparing children for their later schooling and helping them learn the moral and social values most desired…

Jahng, Kyung Eun

2013-01-01

208

Educationally Appropriate Kindergarten Practices. NEA Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basis for educationally worthwhile activities in kindergarten is examined in a series of papers that also provide examples of how kindergarten programs can be organized and worthwhile learning presented to children. Long-term projects or units are seen as useful vehicles of instruction, and organizing teaching around topics or themes is shown…

Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

209

Relationship between Kindergarten Children's Language Ability and Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research investigated the hypothesis that teachers' ratings of kindergarten children's receptive and expressive language ability would be related to children's social competence. Teachers' ratings of social competence were obtained for a sample of 116 kindergarten children. Social competence was measured using the California Preschool Social…

Longoria, Adelina Q.; Page, Melanie C.; Hubbs-Tait, Laura; Kennison, Shelia M.

2009-01-01

210

Stop Trying to Make Kids "Ready" for Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this article asks: What is readiness for kindergarten? How do we know when a child is ready? Unfortunately, as with many topics in education reform and improvement, policy makers ignore the complex questions about readiness and instead focus narrowly on select variables. The focus for kindergarten readiness is on select literacy and…

Pretti-Frontczak, Kristie

2014-01-01

211

Predicting School Adjustment from Motor Abilities in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study assessed the relations between basic motor abilities in kindergarten and scholastic, social, and emotional adaptation in the transition to formal schooling. Seventy-one five-year-old kindergarten children were administered a battery of standard assessments of basic motor functions. A year later, children's adjustment to school…

Bart, Orit; Hajami, Dov; Bar-Haim, Yair

2007-01-01

212

Kindergarten Reading and Writing Curricula in the European Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine whether the current literacy programmes in European Union kindergarten curricula support and enhance young children's reading and writing development. This study investigated whether the kindergarten curricula of 10 European countries: Britain, Belgium, France, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal,…

Tafa, Eufimia

2008-01-01

213

Kindergarten Children's Representation and Understanding of Written Number Symbols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two samples of kindergarten children's representation and understanding of written number symbols were examined in two time points in one academic year. About 85% of Chinese five year olds (mean = 5 years 10 months) were able to use conventional number symbols to represent the quantity of 30 or larger. At the end of the kindergarten year, 94% of…

Zhou, Xin; Wang, Yefang; Wang, Luodan; Wang, Bin

2006-01-01

214

Development of environmental education in the Korean kindergarten context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many environmental educators insist that environmental education (EE) should be started from a young age. The Korean Ministry of Education (1999) has also emphasized the importance of environmental education in early childhood by including content and objectives regarding EE in the 1999 National Curriculum of Kindergarten. However, many Korean kindergarten teachers do not sufficiently implement environmental education in their teaching

Keum Ho Shin

2008-01-01

215

Pictograph Learning and Pictograph Sentence Memory Among Kindergarteners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which individual differences in pictograph recall performance are related to reading readiness and other aspects of language and cognitive development is examined in this paper. In each of three studies kindergarten children were taught names and toy enactions for approximately 30 pictographs. The kindergarteners were then…

Ryan, Ellen Bouchard; Ledger, George

216

Vaccination Coverage among Kindergarten Children in Phoenix, Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate school immunization records and document the immunization coverage and compliance level of children enrolled in kindergarten in Phoenix during the 2001-2002 school year. The purpose was to obtain information on: 1) immunization status by age two; 2) under-immunization in kindergarten; 3) administration error; and 4)…

Frimpong, Jemima A.; Rivers, Patrick A.; Bae, Sejong

2008-01-01

217

The Dramatic Difference: Drama in the Preschool and Kindergarten Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that there are few resources available for preschool or kindergarten teachers committed to providing high-quality drama experiences to students, this book explores ways teachers can maximize the drama experience in preschool and kindergarten classrooms. Topics discussed in the book's introduction include dramatic play and early development,…

Brown, Victoria; Pleydell, Sarah

218

Journeying into Mathematics through Storybooks: A Kindergarten Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a lesson study project that explored the impact of using storybooks to teach mathematics in three kindergarten classrooms. The study involved three kindergarten teachers and three university educators, who collaborated to plan, design, implement revise, and reflect on a unit of mathematics that focused on the concept of…

Wilburne, Jane Murphy; Napoli, Mary; Keat, Jane B.; Dile, Kimberly; Trout, Michelle; Decker, Suzan

2007-01-01

219

Maternal Cohabitation and Child Well-Being among Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data collected from 10,511 kindergarten children and their parents from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort, this study examines child well-being across cohabiting 2-biological-parent families; cohabiting stepfamilies; married stepfamilies; and married 2-biological-parent families. Findings indicate no differences in…

Artis, Julie E.

2007-01-01

220

Full-Day Kindergarten: The Need for Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the substantial impact on outcomes for children, states and school districts across the country are addressing issues surrounding early learning opportunities and school readiness for young children. Full-day kindergarten plays an important role in both. Colorado has made significant investments in full-day kindergarten as a means of…

Colorado Children's Campaign, 2008

2008-01-01

221

Understanding the Diminishing Academic Advantage of Full-Day Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most people agree that young children benefit academically from attending kindergarten; however, some research suggests that any academic advantage attributed to attending full day kindergarten compared to half-day programs will disappear as early as third grade. Based on the results of this study which looked at students in typical classroom…

Davies, Randall S.; Cress, Susan

2010-01-01

222

Aurora City Schools Kindergarten Math Readiness Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program goals and objectives for Kindergarten mathematics readiness in Aurora City Schools are listed and described. Consideration of Kindergarten Philosophy, the diverse population of students, the organizational design of adopted textbooks, child development and learning styles, are all assessed in establishing scope and sequence. The…

Aurora City Schools, OH.

223

The Predictive Utility of Kindergarten Screening for Math Difficulty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the reliability, validity, and predictive utility of kindergarten screening for risk for math difficulty (MD). Three screening measures, administered in September and May of kindergarten to 196 students, assessed number sense and computational fluency. Conceptual and procedural outcomes were measured at end of first grade, with…

Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.

2010-01-01

224

Betty Kirby: Travels and Translations in the Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the pervasive influence of progressive education and travel on a public school kindergarten teacher's professional life. In a statement included in her handwritten list of goals for the children in her classroom, she echoed John Dewey, noting that a kindergarten child should "....live life fully and well because this is a…

Sherwood, Elizabeth A.; Freshwater, Amy

2009-01-01

225

Young Children's Computer Skills Development from Kindergarten to Third Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation explores young children's computer skills development from kindergarten to third grade using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) dataset. The sample size of the study was 8642 children. Latent growth curve modeling analysis was used as an analytical tool to examine the development of children's computer…

Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L.

2011-01-01

226

Parents as Classroom Volunteers and Kindergarten Students' Emergent Reading Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used teacher action research with the design experiment (A. Brown, 1992) to investigate the effects of working with parents in small groups on kindergarten children's emergent literacy performance. The authors randomly assigned 56 children enrolled in the morning and afternoon sessions of the first author's kindergarten class in a…

Porter DeCusati, Cheryl L.; Johnson, James E.

2004-01-01

227

Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2010-01-01

228

"Academic Redshirting" in Kindergarten: Prevalence, Patterns, and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use two nationally representative data sets to estimate the prevalence of kindergarten "redshirting"--the decision to delay a child's school entry. We find that between 4% and 5.5% of children delay kindergarten, a lower number than typically reported in popular and academic accounts. Male, White, and high-SES children are most…

Bassok, Daphna; Reardon, Sean F.

2013-01-01

229

The Word on Vocabulary Instruction: Understanding the Kindergarten Teacher's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates the importance of vocabulary development in kindergarten. The purpose of this qualitative case study design was to explore and describe how kindergarten teachers in 1 Midwestern U.S. suburban school district perceive and value the task of teaching vocabulary. The results were based on data collected from 2 focus…

Hall, Cherise E. I.

2010-01-01

230

"I Am Not Angry in the Kindergarten!" Interruptive Anger as Democratic Participation in Norwegian Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article calls into question the idyllic picture of Norwegian kindergartens where harmonious and joyful interaction is the preferred and normal way to participate. If taking children's right to democratic participation and freedom of expression seriously, anger can also be seen as a legitimate way of participating. Conflicts of interest,…

Grindheim, Liv Torunn

2014-01-01

231

Correlations Between and Within the Apgar Test, Pre-Kindergarten Assessment and Kindergarten Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined the relationship of the physical-neurological conditions of infants at one minute after birth to mental and motor development at prekindergarten and kindergarten levels. Subjects were 44 children, 16 males and 28 females, born in 1970 in the same hospital. Neonatal physical status one minute after birth was…

Williams, Doris K.

232

Extended-Day Kindergarten versus Half-Day Kindergarten: What One School District Decided.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Canaan Public Schools reduced its extended-day (21 hours per week) kindergarten program to half-day sessions (15 hours per week) in an interim program during a 2-year school construction-expansion phase. During a 9-month planning process, an ad hoc committee representing equal membership of teachers and parents from three elementary…

Firlik, Russell

233

Kindergarten Readiness: Perceptions of Practicing Principals, Pre-K and Kindergarten Teachers of a Rural School District in East Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study examined the perceptions of educational leaders regarding their professional assessments of kindergarten screenings, registrations and educational practices relating to the readiness of children to do school work before they enter kindergarten. This examination finds shared commonalities between educational leaders from a…

Odom-Bible, Ginger L.

2011-01-01

234

Improving the Reading Achievement of Kindergarten Students: A Study of the Effect of Kindergarten Time Schedule on Longitudinal Reading Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project investigated the effect of kindergarten time schedule on the reading achievement of an intact sample (n = 156), and three stratified sub-samples of high-risk (n = 53), mid-risk (n = 59), and low-risk learners (n = 44). Students entering kindergarten at five Reading First schools in September 2004 (n = 435) were randomly…

Bassett, Shane M.

2008-01-01

235

An Empirically-Based Statewide System for Identifying Quality Pre-Kindergarten Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents an empirically-based statewide system that links information about pre-kindergarten programs with children's school readiness scores to certify pre-kindergarten classrooms as promoting school readiness. Over 8,000 children from 1,255 pre-kindergarten classrooms were followed longitudinally for one year. Pre-kindergarten quality…

Williams, Jeffrey M.; Landry, Susan H.; Anthony, Jason L.; Swank, Paul R.; Crawford, April D.

2012-01-01

236

What Is Appropriate Mathematics Education for Four-Year-Olds?: Pre-Kindergarten Teachers' Beliefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored pre-kindergarten teachers' beliefs about the appropriateness of early mathematics education. Thirty pre-kindergarten teachers of four-year-olds, half working with low-SES children at publicly funded pre-kindergartens and the other half with middle-SES children at private pre-kindergartens, were interviewed concerning written…

Lee, Joon Sun; Ginsburg, Herbert P.

2007-01-01

237

Introduction to the Science Teacher Training in an Information Society (STTIS) project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cluster of papers in this Special Issue, contains some results from the Science Teacher Training in an Information Society (STTIS) project, which was funded by the European Commission. Five European universities were involved: Universite´ Denis Diderot-Paris 7 (France), Universita¤ 'Federico II da Napoli' (Italy), University of Oslo (Norway), Universitat Auto¤noma de Barcelona (Spain), and the University of Sussex (UK). The names of those involved are given in the Appendix. The following brief description of the aims and structure of the project sets the work reported here (in this cluster) in the context of the whole project. The project dealt with general questions and challenges that the Information Society poses to science educators.

Pinto, Roser

2002-03-01

238

Virtue training in medical schools: the perspective of behavioral science course directors.  

PubMed

Although the multidisciplinary research on physician socialization has focused on areas such as developments in learners' ideological commitments and ethics knowledge and skills, the literature on physician virtues has been anecdotal. To contribute empirical knowledge of virtue development during socialization, I performed constant comparisons on interviews with 20 directors of preclinical behavioral science courses. In discussing their courses, participants revealed foci on virtues involved in making intimate connections with patients (e.g., empathy) and "being professional" with colleagues (e.g., trustworthiness). To cultivate virtues for intimate connections, participants used the strategies of learner engagement with patients' narratives of illness, service in underserved communities, and shadowing and observing role models. To develop virtues for being professional, participants used the strategy of small learner groups, which consisted of discussions, project collaborations, and group evaluations. I conclude with implications for training students of various health sciences and managing health care teams. PMID:24927107

Olufowote, James Olumide

2015-04-01

239

The African Geospatial Sciences Institute (agsi): a New Approach to Geospatial Training in North Africa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The African Geospatial Sciences Institute (AGSI) is currently being established in Tunisia as a non-profit, non-governmental organization (NGO). Its objective is to accelerate the geospatial capacity development in North-Africa, providing the facilities for geospatial project and management training to regional government employees, university graduates, private individuals and companies. With typical course durations between one and six months, including part-time programs and long-term mentoring, its focus is on practical training, providing actual project execution experience. The AGSI will complement formal university education and will work closely with geospatial certification organizations and the geospatial industry. In the context of closer cooperation between neighboring North Africa and the European Community, the AGSI will be embedded in a network of several participating European and African universities, e. g. the ITC, and international organizations, such as the ISPRS, the ICA and the OGC. Through a close cooperation with African organizations, such as the AARSE, the RCMRD and RECTAS, the network and exchange of ideas, experiences, technology and capabilities will be extended to Saharan and sub-Saharan Africa. A board of trustees will be steering the AGSI operations and will ensure that practical training concepts and contents are certifiable and can be applied within a credit system to graduate and post-graduate education at European and African universities. The geospatial training activities of the AGSI are centered on a facility with approximately 30 part- and full-time general staff and lecturers in Tunis during the first year. The AGSI will operate a small aircraft with a medium-format aerial camera and compact LIDAR instrument for local, community-scale data capture. Surveying training, the photogrammetric processing of aerial images, GIS data capture and remote sensing training will be the main components of the practical training courses offered, to build geospatial capacity and ensure that AGSI graduates will have the appropriate skill-sets required for employment in the geospatial industry. Geospatial management courses and high-level seminars will be targeted at decision makers in government and industry to build awareness for geospatial applications and benefits. Online education will be developed together with international partners and internet-based activities will involve the public to familiarize them with geospatial data and its many applications.

Oeldenberger, S.; Khaled, K. B.

2012-07-01

240

Training The Next Generation Of Fusion Scientists And Engineers: Summer High School Fusion Science Workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of the education and outreach activities of the Hampton University Center for Fusion Research and Training (HU CFRT) is to create a high school-to-Ph.D. pipeline in plasma physics, fusion science, and related sciences for underrepresented minorities and female students. The HU CFRT Summer High School Fusion Research Workshop is an integral component of this pipeline. This workshop has been extraordinarily successful. The workshop participants are chosen from a national pool of young and talented minority and female high school students through the NASA SHARP program. These students come to HU from all over US and its possessions for eight weeks during the summer. Over the last ten years, these workshops have provided one-on-one high quality research experiences in fusion science to the best and the brightest minority and female high school students in the nation. Our high school students have presented over 25 contributed papers at APS/DPP annual meetings, twice reached semi-finalist positions in Siemens-Westinghouse competitions, won awards and prizes, admissions and scholarships to prestigious universities, and won high praises from the fusion research community and other educators and researchers. We wish to emphasize that we have been able to achieve these results with limited human and fiscal resources and a meager infrastructure. Here we will present the details of how this workshop has evolved over the years, the approaches, the activities, and the structure that we have used to train, motivate, and provide valuable research experiences to the next generation of our national leaders in science. We thank the U.S. DOE OFES for supporting these efforts. We also thank Dr. Allen Boozer and Dr. Thomas Simonen for their invaluable help in the workshop and in all our efforts.

Punjabi, Alkesh

2005-10-01

241

Core competencies in the science and practice of knowledge translation: description of a Canadian strategic training initiative  

PubMed Central

Background Globally, healthcare systems are attempting to optimize quality of care. This challenge has resulted in the development of implementation science or knowledge translation (KT) and the resulting need to build capacity in both the science and practice of KT. Findings We are attempting to meet these challenges through the creation of a national training initiative in KT. We have identified core competencies in this field and have developed a series of educational courses and materials for three training streams. We report the outline for this approach and the progress to date. Conclusions We have prepared a strategy to develop, implement, and evaluate a national training initiative to build capacity in the science and practice of KT. Ultimately through this initiative, we hope to meet the capacity demand for KT researchers and practitioners in Canada that will lead to improved care and a strengthened healthcare system. PMID:22152223

2011-01-01

242

International training programs in reproductive sciences for conservation of Latin American felids.  

PubMed

Survival of the ten non-domestic felid species endemic to Latin America is imperiled by habitat loss, poaching and poor captive management. Over the past 10 years, conservation of these felids has been the primary focus of a reproductive research and training program conducted in Brazil, Mexico, and the USA. The objectives of this program were to: (1) provide intensive training in reproductive sciences to Latin American scientists, (2) conduct collaborative studies investigating basic and applied reproduction in endangered felids, and (3) establish a highly-trained scientific cohort to conduct independent conservation-based research. Four formal training courses, consisting of didactic lectures and hands-on instruction in research techniques, including semen collection, sperm cryopreservation and laparoscopic artificial insemination (AI), were taught in Brazil and Mexico between 1995 and 1998. Several of these scientists received further training in conducting fecal hormone analysis in the USA, and a number of research studies, many in collaboration with American scientists, were initiated in Latin American felids. Research findings have characterized basal reproductive traits in several felid species, including ocelots, margay, tigrinas and jaguars, and established that Latin American felids exhibit only minimal seasonal variation in most reproductive traits. Other studies have explored the impact of acute and chronic stressors on adrenocortical activity and demonstrated the importance of environmental enrichment in captivity, especially in small felids. Additional research has examined ovarian and immunological responsiveness of Latin American felids to exogenous gonadotropins and assessed the impact of nutrition on sperm production and oocyte quality. Applied reproductive studies have investigated sperm cryopreservation in both captive and wild felid populations and demonstrated the production of viable offspring in ocelots and tigrinas following laparoscopic AI. Ongoing studies are investigating the potential of in vitro fertilization (IVF), embryo cryopreservation and embryo transfer for genetic management of ocelots and tigrinas. To date, over 75 Brazilian ocelot and 50 tigrina IVF embryos have been cryopreserved and two pregnancies have been established in ocelots following transfer of frozen-thawed embryos. Findings from these studies are helping to improve husbandry, population management, and breeding of Latin American felids in captivity. Continued advances in assisted reproduction eventually may provide an alternative route for exchanging genetic material among Latin American felid populations. Most importantly, this collaborative program has been essential for building scientific capacity, within Brazil and Mexico, in establishing a core group of highly-trained reproductive biologists that will continue applying their new knowledge and skills to the conservation of Latin American felids. PMID:15271441

Swanson, W F; Brown, J L

2004-07-01

243

Mindfulness and compassion training in adolescence: a developmental contemplative science perspective.  

PubMed

Adolescence is a developmental period of risk, as well as a window of opportunity for cultivating positive development and thriving. It is characterized by simultaneous changes in the brain, body, mind, and social domains that offer a platform for building new skills and habits. This chapter discusses the role that secular forms of mindfulness and compassion training may play in fostering positive development in adolescence. The emerging discipline of "Developmental Contemplative Science" (DCS) is introduced, the theoretical and empirical basis of mindfulness in adolescence is illustrated in depth, and secular mindfulness and compassion practices for youth are portrayed. Last, this chapter offers an agenda for future research on connecting mindfulness to key developmental domains in adolescence. PMID:25100492

Roeser, Robert W; Pinela, Cristi

2014-01-01

244

A study of kindergarten children's spatial representation in a mapping project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This phenomenological study examined kindergarten children's development of spatial representation in a year long mapping project. Findings and discussion relative to how children conceptualised and represented physical space are presented in light of theoretical notions advanced by Piaget, van Hiele, and cognitive science researchers Battista and Clements. Analyses of the processes the children used and their finished products indicate that children can negotiate meaning for complex systems of geometric concepts when given opportunities to debate, negotiate, reflect, evaluate and seek meaning for representing space. The complexity and "holistic" nature of spatial representation of young children emerged in this study.

Davis, Genevieve A.; Hyun, Eunsook

2005-02-01

245

BOOST H2O - Field Training Activities for Hydrologic Science near Lake Iznik, Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Field activities are often the best pedagogy for reinforcing principles learned in the classroom. As part of the 'Building Opportunity Out of Science and Technology: Helping Hydrologic Outreach (BOOST H2O)' project, which is supported by the U.S. Department of State, six graduate students from three Turkish universities, four U.S. professors, and two Turkish professors participated in a week of training activities during May-June 2013. Field activities took place in the Lake Iznik region in western Turkey. The lake basin is geologically complex, with fault-controlled hydrogeology, and land use is dominated by agriculture, particularly olive cultivation. Professors trained the students (four females and two males) on concepts and techniques in surface-water and groundwater hydrology, water quality, and related computer software. Activities included stream gauging (using top-setting rods and a current meter), geomorphic assessment of streams (slope, cross-sections, and bed-clast size), measuring depth to water in wells, and collection of water samples from springs, wells, and the lake. Measurements of pH, temperature, electrical conductivity, and alkalinity were performed along with sampling for stable isotope (oxygen and hydrogen) analysis. The students visited local villages, farms, surface-water intakes, and recreational springs for a holistic approach towards integrated water resource management. Results were discussed in the context of lithology, tectonics, land use, and other human impacts.

Derin, Y.; Hatipoglu, E.; Sunnetci, M. O.; Tanyas, H.; Unal Ercan, H.; Aktuna, Z.; Agouridis, C.; Fryar, A. E.; Milewski, A.; Schroeder, P.; Ece, O. I.; Yilmaz, K. K.

2013-12-01

246

25 CFR 39.1100 - Interim fiscal year 1980 and fiscal year 1981 funding for pre-kindergarten programs previously...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...year 1980 and fiscal year 1981 funding for pre-kindergarten programs previously funded...THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Pre-kindergarten Programs § 39.1100 ...year 1980 and fiscal year 1981 funding for pre-kindergarten programs previously...

2010-04-01

247

The PhD Factory: Training and Employment of Science and Engineering Doctorates in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on new research exploring the training and employment of science and engineering PhDs in the United States, this book predicts that with constant future resources and with constant domestic employment outside academe, academic departments will produce an average 20% to 24% annual excess of new Ph.D.s over employment opportunities. The models…

Goldman, Charles A.; Massy, William F.

248

Effect of an All-Volunteer Force on Input into the School of Military Sciences, Officer Training Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the impact of the volunteer force on officer accessions, a total of 3,931 trainees entering the school of Military Sciences, officer training program during 1972-73 were surveyed and categorized into groups based on draft vulnerability and expressed attitude toward voluntary military service, prior service experience, rated/nonrated…

Guinn, Nancy; And Others

249

Separating the Representation from the Science: Training Students in Comprehending 3D Diagrams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies of students taking first year geology and earth science courses at universities find that a remarkable number of them are confused by the three-dimensional representations used to explain the science [1]. Comprehension of these 3D representations has been found to be related to an individual's spatial ability [2]. A variety of interactive programs and animations have been created to help explain the diagrams to beginning students [3, 4]. This work has demonstrated comprehension improvement and removed a gender gap between male (high spatial) and female (low spatial) students [5]. However, not much research has examined what makes the 3D diagrams so hard to understand or attempted to build a theory for creating training designed to remove these difficulties. Our work has separated the science labeling and comprehension of the diagrams from the visualizations to examine how individuals mentally see the visualizations alone. In particular, we asked subjects to create a cross-sectional drawing of the internal structure of various 3D diagrams. We found that viewing planes (the coordinate system the designer applies to the diagram), cutting planes (the planes formed by the requested cross sections) and visual property planes (the planes formed by the prominent features of the diagram, e.g., a layer at an angle of 30 degrees to the top surface of the diagram) that deviated from a Cartesian coordinate system imposed by the viewer caused significant problems for subjects, in part because these deviations forced them to mentally re-orient their viewing perspective. Problems with deviations in all three types of plane were significantly harder than those deviating on one or two planes. Our results suggest training that does not focus on showing how the components of various 3D geologic formations are put together but rather training that guides students in re-orienting themselves to deviations that differ from their right-angle view of the world, e.g., by showing how a particular 3D visualization evolves from their Cartesian representation of the world. 1. Y. Kali and N. Orion, Spatial abilities of high-school students in the perception of geologic structures, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 33, 4, 369-391, 1996. 2. A. Black, Spatial ability and earth science conceptual understanding, Journal of Geoscience Education, 53, 402-414, 2005 3. S. A. Sorby and B. J. Baartmans, The development and assessment of a course for enhancing the 3-D spatial visualization skills of first-year engineering students, Journal of Engineering Education Washington, 89, 301-308, 2000. 4. Y. Kali, N. Orion and E. Mazor, Software for assisting high-school students in the spatial perception of geological structures, Journal of Geoscience Education,45, 10-20, 1997. 5. D. Ben-Chaim. G. Lappan, and R. T. Houang, The effect of instruction on spatial visualization skills of middle school boys and girls, American Educational Research Journal, 25, 1, 51-71, 1988.

Bemis, K. G.; Silver, D.; Chiang, J.; Halpern, D.; Oh, K.; Tremaine, M.

2011-12-01

250

Radon and thoron doses in kindergartens and elementary schools.  

PubMed

Exposing the Raduet Rn-Tn solid-state nuclear track detectors, radon (Rn: (222)Rn) and thoron (Tn: (220)Rn) activity concentrations have been measured in 7 kindergartens and 18 elementary schools in Slovenia. Diurnal variations of both gases were monitored using a Rad7 device. The Rn concentration was in the range from 145 to 794 Bq m(-3) in kindergartens and from 70 to 770 Bq m(-3) in schools, and the Tn concentration was in the range from 21 to 73 Bq m(-3) in kindergartens and from 4 to 91 Bq m(-3) in schools. The Tn versus Rn concentration ratio varied from 0.02 to 0.83. Monthly effective doses due to radon and its decay products ranged from 109 to 600 ?Sv month(-1) in kindergartens and from 21 to 232 ?Sv month(-1) in schools, and those due to thoron and its decay products ranged from 3.8 to 13.3 ?Sv month(-1) in kindergartens and from 0.29 to 6.62 ?Sv month(-1) in schools. The contribution of thoron to the total effective dose was from 1.3 to 11 % in kindergartens and from 0.4 to 17 % in schools. PMID:22929554

Vaupotic, J; Bezek, M; Kávási, N; Ishikawa, T; Yonehara, H; Tokonami, S

2012-11-01

251

A Guide for Perceptual-Motor Training Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document has been prepared as part of a kindergarten perceptual-training program of the South Euclid-Lyndhurst City School District near Cleveland, Ohio. The guide contains information on training and procedures related to perceptual-motor learning. This information is structured primarily into 150 lesson plans, devised as 30-minute sessions…

South Euclid - Lyndhurst City Schools, Lyndhurst, OH.

252

Enhancing the Transition to Kindergarten: A Randomized Trial to Test the Efficacy of the “Stars” Summer Kindergarten Orientation Program  

PubMed Central

This randomized trial tested the efficacy of an intensive, four-week summer program designed to enhance low-income children's transition to kindergarten (n's = 60 program children, 40 controls). Administered in four public schools, the program focused on social competence, pre-literacy and pre-numeracy skills, school routines, and parental involvement. Hierarchical linear modeling indicated that the program significantly improved teachers’ ratings of (a) the transition to the social aspect of kindergarten for girls (but not boys); and (b) the transition to kindergarten routines for the subgroup of children who had the same teacher for kindergarten as for the summer program. Findings are discussed in terms of practices and policies for supporting children's transition to school. PMID:21969767

Berlin, Lisa J.; Dunning, Rebecca D.; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2010-01-01

253

The only official copy of this file is the one online in the Photon Sciences Training website. Before using a printed copy, verify that it is the most current version by checking the document effective date on the PS Training website.  

E-print Network

The only official copy of this file is the one online in the Photon Sciences Training website effective date on the PS Training website. Brookhaven National Laboratory/ Photon Sciences Directorate and satisfactory completion of course: Instructor's signature: ______________________________ Date

Ohta, Shigemi

254

Doctoral Programs to Train Future Leaders in Clinical and Translational Science  

PubMed Central

Purpose Although the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has made extensive investments in educational programs related to clinical and translational science (CTS), there has been no systematic investigation of the number and characteristics of PhD programs providing training to future leaders in CTS. The authors undertook to determine the number of institutions that, having had received NIH-funded Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSAs), currently had or were developing PhD programs in CTS; to examine differences between programs developed before and after CTSA funding; and to provide detailed characteristics of new programs. Method In 2012, CTS program leaders at the 60 CTSA-funded institutions completed a cross-sectional survey focusing on four key domains related to PhD programs in CTS: program development and oversight; students; curriculum and research; and milestones. Results Twenty-two institutions had fully developed PhD programs in CTS, and 268 students were earning a PhD in this new field; 13 institutions were planning a PhD program. New programs were more likely to have fully developed PhD competencies and more likely to include students in medical school, students working only on their PhD, students working on a first doctoral degree, and students working in T1 translational research. They were less likely to include physicians and students working in clinical or T2 research. Conclusions Although CTS PhD programs have similarities, they also vary in their characteristics and management of students. This may be due to diversity in translational science itself or to the relative infancy of CTS as a discipline. PMID:23899901

Switzer, Galen E.; Robinson, Georgeanna F.W.B.; Rubio, Doris M.; Fowler, Nicole R.; Kapoor, Wishwa N.

2013-01-01

255

Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children for 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an annotated bibliography of outstanding children's science trade books published in 1995 and intended primarily for kindergarten to eighth grade. Sections include biography, environment and ecology, fiction, life science, medicine and medical research, paleontology, and technology and engineering. (JRH)

Science and Children, 1996

1996-01-01

256

Science Research 4: A New Curriculum Providing Student Mentorship and Teacher Training Facilitated by High School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a continuing comprehensive plan to include authentic scientific research in the science curricula of the Woodbridge Township School District, a new curriculum was developed to expanding the current 3-year Science Research Program to include a 4th year class. As with the previous 3 levels, the objectives of this curriculum include the development, implementation and dissemination of authentic scientific research by students. New objectives make use of the students advanced knowledge of the methods of science and electronic laboratory technology to provide mentorship to students performing scientific research or other inquiry-based science activities. Mentored students include those enrolled in high school Science Research 1, 8th Grade Honors Geoscience, and other high school science classes where scientific methods, inquiry-based learning and electronic data acquisition tools are utilized. Student mentors will also assist in the facilitation of a district-wide K-12 science symposium. The curriculum also calls for the creation of educational materials by students to enhance the teaching of scientific research and inquiry-based learning. Finally, students enrolled in Science Research 4 will conduct teacher-training sessions where their advanced expertise in the utilization of electronic sensors and data acquisition and analysis devices will be used to expand the use of such technology by teachers not only involved in research-based courses, but all areas of science education throughout the school district.

Danch, J. M.; Aker, K.

2013-12-01

257

[Pedagogic training: another conception of the student/faculty relation in the Institute of Nursing Science Education].  

PubMed

The nurses' training course which is now compulsory since the new program to get the Nursing Degree, is not easy to apply for trainers within a legal context which is not accurate enough. Through IFSI investigated the nurses' training course is as follows: Sometimes not formalized, sometimes institutionalized, the application of the nurses' training course is very different from an institution to another and even within each IFSI. It is not proved that students' needs and expectations are taken into account; the main concern of the teaching staff is "how to pu in the 245 hours reserved for the nurses' training course". The question "why a nurses' training course inside the nursing studies" is not raised. The survey also points out an inadequacy between the educationanl method and students' expectations. To help in that way, I have related my own experience regarding the nurses' training course and then I have mentioned the result of a bibliographical compilation in connection with it. In this first part, the examination of the nurses' training course through the educational method shows that there is no idea of this principle and therefore, trainers cannot give a meaning of this activity. The comments upon the subjects in the second part roung concepts from Education Sciences, allow us to build up a thoery giving a meaning and a purpose to the nurses' training course. This theorization supports an "a posteriori" analysis regarding practice, and entitles me to define a possibel foundation of this activity and so, adjusts the idea I have of the nurses' training course which is the subject of the third part. My own opinion is based on a balance between the different logics which can occur in an educational situation. Taking the conflicting opinions into account in the educational relationship, the trainer makes the student aware of his own responsabilities, he enables him to become independent and to succeed in a real profesionalism. This propsect is coherent according to the requirements and purposes of the training. Today the reflection upon the nurses' training course goes on and is different from a teacher to another. Anyway, due to its regulation, trainers have to wonder about it and maybe it will bring something new within the training leading to the nursing degree. PMID:16737036

Roberton, G

1996-09-01

258

Is Full Better than Half? Examining the Longitudinal Effects of Full-Day Kindergarten Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten policy varies widely both across and within states. Over the past decade, a number of states have instituted a full-day kindergarten requirement and others are considering it as a way to increase educational achievement. Many parents also support full-day kindergarten as a source of child care. This paper uses the Early Child…

Cannon, Jill S.; Jacknowitz, Alison; Painter, Gary

2006-01-01

259

The Safe Kindergarten: Promotion of Communication and Social Skills Among Kindergartners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: The study evaluated the “safe kindergarten” program designed to promote kindergartners' communication and social skills based on principles of Imago marital and family counseling (H. Hendrix, 1990). Participants were 92 kindergartners from 4 kindergartens (intervention = 46; comparison = 46). Teachers in intervention kindergartens led 20 weekly small-group preplanned sessions on communication issues and practicing children's intentional dialogues.

Dorit Aram; Maya Shlak

2008-01-01

260

The Role of RtI in a Kindergarten Enrichment Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers used a kindergarten screening to identify kindergarten students at risk for difficulties in reading (phonological awareness) and writing (fine motor and perceptual skills) prior to beginning the school year. Of the 102 incoming kindergarten students, 54 showed signs of reading or writing difficulties. These 54 children participated in…

Hamm, Ellen M.; Harper, Kelly A.

2014-01-01

261

Two Kindergarten Programs and Children's Perceptions of School: A Cross-Cultural Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-cultural study evaluated the effects of nontraditional versus traditional educational approaches in kindergarten on children's preparation for first grade and their readiness to learn. Fifty children in a developmental kindergarten in Pennsylvania, and 50 children in a traditional academic kindergarten in Sichuan province, People's…

Zhang, Xiaoping; Sigel, Irving E.

262

THE EFFECTS OF JUNIOR KINDERGARTEN ON ACHIEVEMENT--THE FIRST FIVE YEARS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN 1960 AT TORONTO, CANADA, A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF ACHIEVEMENT WAS BEGUN IN JUNIOR KINDERGARTEN WITH 8,695 CHILDREN. THE OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE (1) TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF JUNIOR KINDERGARTEN ATTENDANCE ON THE ACHIEVEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN, AND (2) TO EXAMINE THE NATURE OF THE WORLD OF JUNIOR AND SENIOR KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN.…

PALMER, JUDITH A.

263

Behavioral Engagement in Learning and Math Achievement over Kindergarten: A Contextual Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using nationally representative data on 12,462 kindergarten children, this report examines the link between behavioral engagement and math achievement growth during kindergarten. Multilevel models show that students with higher individual engagement tend to experience larger math achievement growth over kindergarten, that classroom engagement…

Robinson, Keith; Mueller, Anna S.

2014-01-01

264

What Did the Teacher Say Today? State Religious Kindergarten Teachers Deal with Complex Torah Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with the way in which kindergarten teachers in state religious kindergartens in Israel tell the Torah stories to children. It examines the influence of the teachers' identity, being part of the religious Zionist society, on the way in which she tells the stories. These kindergarten teachers function at a crossroads of…

Achituv, Sigal

2013-01-01

265

Effects of Full-Day Kindergarten on Academic Achievement and Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis found that attending full-day (or all-day) kindergarten had a positive association with academic achievement (compared to half-day kindergarten) equal to about one quarter standard deviation at the end of the kindergarten year. But the association disappeared by third grade. Reasons for this fade-out are discussed. Social…

Cooper, Harris; Batts Allen, Ashley; Patall, Erika A.; Dent, Amy L.

2010-01-01

266

Enriching Kindergarten Learners' English by Using Language Portfolio and Additional Instructional Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though pre-school education is not compulsory in Turkey, having foreign language education in kindergarten has been an upward trend lately. Besides, as there has been an increasing demand on language education in kindergartens, a large number of kindergartens have begun to give English language education so as to meet the demand. However, most of…

Zorba, Mehmet Galip; Tosun, Sezen

2011-01-01

267

The journey of a science teacher: Preparing female students in the Training Future Scientists after school program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What affect does female participation in the Training Future Scientist (TFS) program based on Vygotsky's sociocultural theory and Maslow's Hierarchies of Needs have on female adolescents' achievement levels in science and their attitude toward science and interest in science-based careers? The theoretical framework for this study was developed through a constructivist perspective, using dialogic engagement, coinciding with Lev Vygotsky's sociocultural learning theory. This action research project used mixed methods research design, targeted urban adolescent females who were members of Boys & Girls Club of Greater St. Louis (BGCGSTL) after-school program. The data collection measures were three qualitative instruments (semi-structured interviews, reflective journal entries and attitudinal survey open-ended responses) and two quantitative instruments (pre-test and posttests over the content from the Buckle-down Curriculum and attitudinal survey scaled responses). The goal was to describe the impact the Training Future Scientist (TFS) after-school program has on the girls' scientific content knowledge, attitude toward choosing a science career, and self-perception in science. Through the TFS after-school program participants had access to a secondary science teacher-researcher, peer leaders that were in the 9th--12th grade, and Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) role models from Washington University Medical School Young Scientist Program (YSP) graduate and medical students and fellows as volunteers. The program utilized the Buckle-down Curriculum as guided, peer-led cooperative learning groups, hands-on labs and demonstrations facilitated by the researcher, trained peer leaders and/or role models that used constructivist science pedagogy to improve test-taking strategies. The outcomes for the TFS study were an increase in science content knowledge, a positive trend in attitude change, and a negative trend in choosing a science career. Keywords: informal science programs, urban girls, self-efficacy, cooperative learning, peer learning, female adolescents, and after-school urban education This dissertation study was funded by two grants, the 2013 spring dissertation grant from the University of Missouri St. Louis and a philanthropic grant from Dr. Courtney Crim.

Robinson-Hill, Rona M.

268

The Science Race: Training and Utilization of Scientists and Engineers, US and USSR.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book represents a comparison of the systems of training and utilization of scientists/engineers in the United States and Soviet Union. Chapter 1 provides a general description of the economic structure and organization in which the training of scientists/engineers is conducted and in which such trained personnel are employed. In chapters 2-5,…

Ailes, Catherine P.; Rushing, Francis W.

269

Teacher Training for Political Science PhD Students in Europe Determinants of a Tool for Enhanced Teaching in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the state of teacher training for political science PhD candidates in the European Union and make a comparison with the situation in the United States. We investigate the determinants of supply and demand of teacher training. On the supply side, we suggest that research orientation and quality assurance are factors that…

Pleschova, Gabriela; Simon, Eszter

2009-01-01

270

Gender equity: A study of classroom interactions of sixth-grade science teachers before and after gender equity training  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The researcher investigated teachers' perceptions of their interactions with students in their 6th grade science classrooms and the effects of gender equity training on teachers' interactions with students. Teacher perceptions were measured at pretest and posttest using the Gender Equity Teacher-Student Interaction Questionnaire (GETSIQ). The outcomes from one day of gender equity training, using the Gender Equity Video and Instructional Guide, were measured at pretest, posttest, and follow-up using the INTERSECT scale. A non-random sample of twenty 6th grade science teachers from five middle schools participated in the study. Ten teachers were assigned to each of the control or experimental groups. The first hypothesis posited that teacher perceptions of and actions toward male and female students in sixth grade science classrooms would be different as reflected by scores on the GETSIQ. The hypothesis was partially supported. Teachers reported significantly different amounts of acknowledgment, attention in general, and attention to questions, responses, and comments for boys and girls, and different evaluations based on their expectations for a student. Following training, teachers from the experimental group obtained somewhat higher scores, though the differences were not statistically significant. Hypothesis 2 stated that gender equity training would increase equitable teacher interactions with male and female students as demonstrated by scores on the INTERSECT Checklist. This hypothesis was partially supported. A comparison of the Intersect checklist (praise, acceptance, remediation, criticism) revealed that teachers were observed to more equally give praise to boys and girls following training, male teachers engaged in more acceptance responses with girls, and female teachers had more equitable distribution of acceptance. Male teachers increased the amount of remediation to girls, and female teachers continued to provide more remediation to boys. The differences between pretest and posttest were statistically significant. There was some reversion to pretest levels interactions at follow-up. The results of the study support the effectiveness of gender equity training in facilitating increased awareness and behavioral change in teachers. However, training needs to be of longer duration for continued effectiveness.

Giuliano, Joanne

271

Marine Science Teaching and Training at First Degree (Undergraduate) Level. Recommended Guidelines from a Unesco Workshop on University Curricula (6th, Paris, France, November 17-21, 1986). Unesco Reports in Marine Science No. 45.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of an international workshop contains recommended guidelines on marine science teaching and training at the first degree level, equated here with a Bachelor of Science, except in those countries in which the first degree corresponds to a Master of Science or its equivalent. Three instructional models are presented: the first model for…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Marine Sciences.

272

A Generalizability Study of the Effects of Training on Teachers' Abilities to Rate Children's Writing Using a Rubric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates whether training raters to interpret the scoring dimensions on a rubric would increase reliability. Compares two groups of kindergarten and first-grade teachers: one group with training, one without. Finds that training increases raters' abilities to reliably interpret scoring items. (SC)

Stuhlmann, Janice; Daniel, Cathy; Dellinger, Amy; Denny, R. Kenton; Powers, Taylor

1999-01-01

273

The effect of the Advanced Placement Training and Incentive Program on increasing enrollment and performance on Advanced Placement science exams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the National Math and Science Initiative's Advanced Placement Training and Incentive Program (APTIP) on the number of students taking AP science courses and their performance. The study evaluated 39 schools over a six-year period in six states that participate in the APTIP. The National Math and Science Initiative provided data for cohort I. A general linear model for repeated measures was used to evaluate the data. Data was evaluated three years prior to the intervention and three years during the intervention, which will actually continue for two more years (2012 and 2013) since cohort I schools were awarded five years of support. Students in APTIP schools enrolled in more AP science exams (AP Biology, AP Chemistry, AP Environmental Science, and AP Physics-B) over the course of the intervention. The quantity of students earning qualifying scores increased during the intervention years. APTIP is a multi-tiered program that includes seven days of teacher training, three six-hour student prep sessions, school equipment, reduced exam fees, and monetary incentives for students and teachers. This program positively impacted the quantity of enrollment and qualifying scores during the three years evaluated in this study. Increases in the number of female and African American students' test takers their and qualifying scores were seen in all three years of the APTIP intervention. This study supports the premise that the first step to increasing the Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) pipeline is giving access to advanced courses to more students in high schools.

Ramsey, Susan Brady

274

How Do Pre-Service Science Teachers’ Views on Science, Scientists, and Science Teaching Change Over Time in a Science Teacher Training Program?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every aspect of teaching, including the instructional method, the course content, and the types of assessments, is influenced\\u000a by teachers’ attitudes and beliefs. Teacher education programs play an important role in the development of beliefs regarding\\u000a teaching and learning. The purpose of the study was to document pre-service teachers’ views on science, scientists, and science\\u000a teaching as well as the

Sedat Ucar

2011-01-01

275

Cognitive Style and Kindergarten Pupils' Preferences for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated which cognitive style characteristics 846 kindergarten students considered important in a teacher. Determined students' own cognitive styles and their ratings of preferred teacher characteristics through their responses to a field dependence independence (FDI) measure. Field dependent teachers received higher ratings, and a preference…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2001-01-01

276

Kindergarten Education: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1996-1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of six issues (1996 through 1998) of a biannually-published journal featuring research studies, theoretical essays, and classroom practice articles about the development and education of kindergarten children. The spring 1996 issue contains the following: (1) "Portfolios and Young Children: A Natural Match" (Adrienne…

Robinson, Violet B., Ed.

1998-01-01

277

Observing Children's Stress Behaviors in a Kindergarten Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used qualitative methods to determine whether kindergarten children exhibited stress behaviors during the academic work period of the day. Sixteen children (8 male, 8 female) ages 5-6 years were observed. The data consisted of classroom observations by the researcher, open-ended interviews with teachers, artifacts collected from the…

Jackson, Lori A.

2009-01-01

278

Commentary: Systemic Impact of Universal Pre-Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 20 years ago, before e-mails, listservs, and blogs, the author had participated in an intense discussion with a group of early childhood education and care (ECEC) program directors about the pros and cons of publicly funded pre-kindergarten (pre-K). They debated about how universal pre-K (UPK) might impact the cost of infant and toddler…

Apple, Peggy L.

2007-01-01

279

Colorado Preschool & Kindergarten Program: 2007-08 Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Colorado Preschool and Kindergarten Program (CPKP) began as the Colorado Preschool Project in 1988 when it was authorized to serve 2,000 four and five year olds in need of language development. The General Assembly created this program in recognition of the need to adequately prepare children with specific at-risk factors to learn. The intent…

Colorado Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

280

Predicting Acceptance of Diversity in Pre-Kindergarten Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined classroom-level contributors to an acceptance of diversity in publicly supported pre-kindergarten classrooms across 11 states. Classroom composition, process quality, and teacher characteristics were examined as predictors of diversity-promoting practices as measured by the ECERS-R, acceptance of diversity construct. Findings…

Sanders, Kay; Downer, Jason

2012-01-01

281

The Influential Interactions of Pre-Kindergarten Writers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines six years of ethnographic research in Robyn Davis's pre-kindergarten classroom in the USA. Using a theoretical framework to embed writing within a social semiotic that is multimodal and has social intent (Street, 2003), the authors show how children used interactions during writing to create various written products. Three…

Kissel, Brian; Hansen, Jane; Tower, Holly; Lawrence, Jody

2011-01-01

282

How Play and Work Are Organized in a Kindergarten Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic study examined the organization of work and play in a kindergarten fostering spontaneous play in the generation of work, as inspired by Froebel and Dewey. Found that the dominance of structures favoring work in the use of time, product tracking, and instructive language severely reduced the time, social relationships, and…

Polito, Theodora

1994-01-01

283

OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Kindergarten 30 -40 minutes  

E-print Network

's Guide to Ponds. Water, Water Everywhere. GK12 Fellows: Christina Geierman, Greg Gavelis #12OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Kindergarten 30 - 40 minutes SURFACE TENSION AND WATER STRIDERS Oregon explores the world through observation Goals: ! students experience a characteristic of water: surface

284

Effects of Play on Novel Responses in Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten children were randomly assigned: free play, make-believe, imitation, and control. Given an alternate-uses test (paper towel, match box, paper clip, and screwdriver), free play and make-believe subjects produced significantly more nonstandard responses for paper clip than control subjects and make-believe subjects more than free play…

Li, Anita, K. F.

1978-01-01

285

Ecuador--Land of Contrasts. Kindergarten-Third Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This primary social studies unit, designed to teach an awareness of the Americas, is appropriate for teaching kindergarten through third grade students about Ecuador. The activities could easily be adapted to fit Mexico and many other countries in Central and South America. Eleven basic concepts are developed in this unit. The concepts are: (1)…

Samuelsen, Mary Lou

286

The cooking teacher: investigating gender stereotypes in a Korean kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses some findings from a small?scale investigation of children's gendered beliefs and behaviours in a Korean kindergarten which was attempting to challenge gender stereotyping through the anti?bias intervention of a ‘cooking curriculum’. A sample of 14 children, some with ‘working’ mothers and some with ‘housewife’ mothers, was observed for two months, and informally interviewed on several occasions. The

Liz Brooker

2005-01-01

287

Children's Spirituality as Experienced and Expressed in a Kindergarten Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to provide a rich description of what spiritual experiences look like in children in a kindergarten classroom, in which typically, spirituality is not considered a part of the philosophy or curriculum of the school. This study sought to first describe what constitutes a spiritual experience, to then describe how…

Mata, Jennifer

2010-01-01

288

Exploring Current Arts Practice in Kindergartens and Preparatory Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The arts are an important area of development for young children in their early years. By engaging with arts activities, young children are able to use their senses to explore the world. This paper reports on current arts practice in two kindergartens and two preparatory classrooms in Queensland, Australia. All sites are located in neighbouring…

Garvis, Susanne

2012-01-01

289

Full-Day Kindergarten Effectiveness: Preserve the Investment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies illustrate that achievement gaps between poor and non-poor children already exist at kindergarten (Lee & Burkham, 2002). The larger the gap at the time children enter school, the harder it is to close the gap. This article reviews a case study of one Midwest school district and their attempt at reducing the achievement gap through the…

Raskin, Candace F.; Haar, Jean M.; Zierdt, Ginger

2011-01-01

290

Study of the Half-Day/Full-Day Kindergarten Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study and problem analysis was an in-depth investigation of the half-day/full-day kindergarten model by utilizing interviews and focus groups to provide insight from parents, teachers, and other district personnel as to how the model has impacted the social, emotional, and academic development of the participating students. This study…

McInroy, Thomas R.

2012-01-01

291

Exploring Teacher Perceptions of Small Boys in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the way that teachers perceive the academic abilities of young boys before the start of formal schooling. Using a 1998 nationally representative sample of 10,956 boys assessed at the start of kindergarten, the authors showed that teachers perceive young boys who are shorter than the perceived norm as less academically capable…

Smith, Julia; Niemi, Nancy

2007-01-01

292

Career Education Classroom Activities: North Dakota, K-12: Elementary (Kindergarten).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide's concepts are designed as ideas that could be used to develop various career education concepts and objectives at the kindergarten level. The activities are to be integrated into the existing curriculum, sequenced, and adapted to meet the needs of all people involved in education at the local school. The purpose of the guideline, a K-6…

North Dakota State Board for Vocational Education, Bismarck.

293

Racial Attitudes Among White Kindergarten Children From Three Different Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was initiated to determine whether the extent of a white child's first-hand contacts with black peers would influence his attitudes toward blacks. The subjects, 49 white, middle to upper class kindergarten children, all from two-parent homes with mothers who did not work outside the home, were divided into three groups: (A) children…

Orost, Jean H.

294

Measuring Phonological Awareness Through the Invented Spellings of Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some children spontaneously invent spellings for words before they can read. Discusses two experiments which explore the possibility that the preconventional spelling skills of kindergarten children can serve as a measure of phonological awareness and thereby predict first-grade reading ability. (Author/NH)

Mann, Virginia A.; And Others

1987-01-01

295

Linking Learning: Building Quality Kindergarten in New Jersey. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates for Children of New Jersey (ACNJ) recently examined the status of kindergarten throughout the state and found that for these programs to become that strong linchpin for young students, programs and standards must be strengthened and better coordination must take place between preschool and grades 1st through 3rd. Over the last year, ACNJ…

Donovan, Laura Fasbach

2010-01-01

296

Using a Taped Intervention to Improve Kindergarten Students' Number Identification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple baseline design across students was used to evaluate the effects of a taped numbers (TN) intervention on the number-identification accuracy of 4 kindergarten students. During TN, students attempted to name the numbers 0 through 9 on randomized lists before each number was provided via a tape player 2 s later. All 4 students showed…

Krohn, Katherine R.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Fuller, Emily J.; Greear, Corrine

2012-01-01

297

Acoustic-phonetic skills and reading: Kindergarten through twelfth grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tested 660 kindergarten through Grade 12 Ss on their ability to match discrete and integrated phonetic segments using a sequence of colored blocks to represent the auditory stimulus. The design included grade, sex, and general academic ability (upper or lower half) as factors. At all grade levels there was a substantial correlation between performance on the auditory-phonetic test and reading

Robert C. Calfee; Patricia Lindamood; Charles Lindamood

1973-01-01

298

Instructional Approaches: Differences between Kindergarten and Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses kindergarten and primary school teachers' preferences for instructional approaches and teaching practices. One hundred and thirty-three teachers from Estonia completed questionnaires. The results showed that the promotion of students' comprehension and independence, enhancing practical application and individualisation of…

Uibu, Krista; Kikas, Eve; Tropp, Kristiina

2011-01-01

299

Everyday Pedagogical Practices in Mathematical Play Situations in German "Kindergarten"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes situations in German daycare facilities (Kindergarten) in which the development of mathematical thinking in children is specifically encouraged through examination of common play objects. Using micro-sociological methods of analysis, the mathematical potential of such interactions between teacher and child is elaborated within…

Brandt, Birgit

2013-01-01

300

Physical Environment and Child Behavior in Vienna Kindergartens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between play unit complexity and the behavior of 24 normal 3- to 6-year-olds was examined in three Viennese kindergartens. Play units were rated as simple (a unit with one obvious use and no sub-parts or juxtaposition of two essentially different play materials, e.g., puzzles or clay), or super (a complex unit which has three or…

Larson, Carol S.; Greenfield, Patricia Marks

301

"Greatly Changed for the Better": Free Kindergartens as Transatlantic Reformance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historians such as Seth Koven and Carolyn Steedman have shown how visual and literary depictions of children helped move late-nineteenth-century middle- and upper-class audiences to join in child-saving philanthropy aimed at the deserving poor. This essay focuses on an analysis of the promotional literature of the free kindergartens. Starting from…

Nawrotzki, Kristen D.

2009-01-01

302

"March of the Penguins": Building Knowledge in a Kindergarten Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the author followed a kindergarten class that watched the film and used the book "March of the Penguins" in order to find out how much information the students learned from the film and how the teacher integrated the texts into her unit on penguins in order to maximize their impact. The students were given an oral assessment prior…

Fingeret, Lauren

2008-01-01

303

Cesar Chavez--Kindergarten Model Curriculum and Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this California state curriculum model for kindergarten, "Learning and Working Now and Long Ago," students study the life, work, and philosophy of Cesar Chavez. The students learn that being a good citizen involves acting in certain ways. They have the opportunity to learn about the work people do to grow food, to harvest the crops, and to…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

304

Integrated Instruction Lesson Plans, Kindergarten Level. ESL Course, Summer 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five lesson plans, designed for integrated English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and content instruction at the kindergarten level, are presented. All have the general topic of animal life; the specific lesson topics include: animal characteristics and habitats; drawings of habitats; oral language, questions, and categories; caterpillar…

Batdorf, Barbara; Pecor, Nancy

305

The Effects of Playing Educational Video Games on Kindergarten Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated whether kindergarten students who played Sony PlayStation educational video games for 40 minutes daily for 11 weeks learned better than peers who did not play such games. Found that the experimental group gained significantly more than the control group in spelling and decoding on the Wide Range Achievement Test-R3. Found no…

Din, Feng S.; Calao, Josephine

2001-01-01

306

The Rabbit Habitat--Documenting a Kindergarten Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes effort to restructure instructional design for a kindergarten class to reflect principles of Reggio Emilia approach by listening to children and following their expressed interest to launch class project. Discusses capturing activities and student thinking using photography and tape recording. Notes the value of documentation to parents,…

Kocher, Laurie

1999-01-01

307

Field Independence/Field Dependence and Precocious Kindergarten Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relation between field independence/field dependence (FI/FD) and reading success. One hundred kindergarten children from a predominantly white, middle-class community were administered a Portable Rod and Frame Test as a measure of cognitive style. The upper and lower 27% were identified and designated Field Dependent…

Cox, Diane K.

308

Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing social studies curriculum at the kindergarten level. Consisting of 11 lessons, the guide introduces the meaning of rules, truth,…

Vardeman, Lou

309

Transition from Long Day Care to Kindergarten: Continuity or Not?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transition practices that ensure continuity between early childhood settings have been shown to be important in assisting children's short-term and long-term growth and development (Vogler, Cravello & Woodhead, 2008). In Western Australia many young children move from and between long day care (LDC) settings to kindergarten. In that state,…

Barblett, Lennie; Barratt-Pugh, Caroline; Kilgallon, Pam; Maloney, Carmel

2011-01-01

310

Miles to Go: Mississippi. Pre-Kindergarten--Time to Begin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report by the Southern Education Foundation (SEF) finds that high-quality pre-kindergarten (Pre-K) is the "first, essential step towards building the educated workforce that will enable a better economic future for Mississippi." The report calls on Mississippi leaders to establish a blue-ribbon, bipartisan commission to develop a plan of…

Suitts, Steve

2010-01-01

311

Health Education Curriculum Guide. Kindergarten Through Grade 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide has been prepared to assist teachers of kindergarten to grade four students in the implementation of health education into the curriculum. This booklet contains student objectives, suggested activities, and pertinent questions which will provide the basic tools to meet program goals. The ten major areas of instruction are: 1) consumer…

Dependents Schools (DOD), Washington, DC.

312

Tobacco Education Curriculum: Kindergarten. Health Education: Substance Abuse Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide for a tobacco education curriculum at the kindergarten level is part of a coordinated K-12 educational support program for reducing smoking. It includes a tobacco curriculum matrix for grades K-12, sample teaching methods, concepts and objectives for grades K-3, and a resource materials list. The basic instructional concepts…

Mitchell, Christine K.; And Others

313

The Cooking Teacher: Investigating Gender Stereotypes in a Korean Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses some findings from a small-scale investigation of children's gendered beliefs and behaviours in a Korean kindergarten which was attempting to challenge gender stereotyping through the anti-bias intervention of a "cooking curriculum". A sample of 14 children, some with "working" mothers and some with "housewife" mothers, was…

Brooker, Liz; Ha, Sang-Jin

2005-01-01

314

Assessing Sex Role Development of Kindergarten Mexican-American Boys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess sex role development in Mexican-American males, about 40 kindergarten boys from low middle to very low socioeconomic backgrounds were divided into 2 statistical test groups according to whether their fathers were or were not resident in the home. Data were obtained from toy preference scorings, which followed Biller's 1968 measure;…

Sultemeier, Barbara

315

SYLLABUS FOR COURSE ON NURSERY-KINDERGARTEN TEACHING AND OPERATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE WORKSHOP USES DEMONSTRATIONS BY MEMBERS OF THE GROUP, FOLLOWED BY DISCUSSIONS OF THE DEMONSTRATION. THE PURPOSE OF THE NURSERY AND KINDERGARTEN IN THE COMMUNITY SERVICE FOUNDATION PROJECT IS TO HELP CULTURALLY DEPRIVED NEGRO CHILDREN PREPARE FOR SCHOOL LIFE, TO PREVENT LATER SCHOOL FAILURE AND DROPOUTS. EACH SESSION CONTAINS A 15-MINUTE…

SPIVEY, LENORE W.

316

Stimulating Interest in Natural Sciences and Training Observation Skills: The UAP Observations Reporting Scheme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a number of reasons the general public and many young people are fascinated by the ideas of UFOs and extra-terrestrial life. As mysteries motivate to gain interest and knowledge, an opportunity exists, throughout these topics, to stimulate the people's interests to natural sciences and technology. A major problem however exists, concerning the fact that the general public generally associates any strange aerial sighting to something exotic, unknown, and to the possibility of extraterrestrial visitations. Rumours, irrational thinking and conspiracy theories prevail around these topics. Launched under the framework of the 2009 International Year of Astronomy, the Unidentified Aerospace Phenomena (UAP) Observations Reporting Scheme seeks to tackle this situation through approaching the topic from a professional and rational perspective, providing an opportunity to teach the public how to think more critically, demystifying UFO events, and ultimately attempting to stimulate the interest in natural sciences and technological disciplines. This is tentatively attempted through the following resources: Firstly, the project's website (1) provides an extensive resource for inquiry-based learning regarding the various natural or man-made phenomena that often give rise to false UAP sightings. It serves as a general forum for educating the public about human, atmospheric and astrophysical phenomena that could be observed in the sky. Secondly, the basic educational information provided on the web site allows potential UAP witnesses to critically evaluate the potential cause of their sightings. Visual descriptions, photos, video clips, tools, and links to relevant websites are provided for each category of phenomena, in order to assist the observer in his self-analysis. Amateur astronomers and societies who receive questions about UFOs can redirect queries to the website. Thirdly, the website provides novice observers viewing tips (e.g. elevation, azimuth, angular size) about how to record as accurately as possible a UAP event, in order to facilitate future identification and study. Lastly, one of the project's objectives is also to collect reports of trained observers (astronomers) of apparently inexplicable events for further analysis. Certainly, whenever there are unexplained observations there is the possibility that scientists could learn something new by studying these events. During this presentation, we will provide an overview of the project, present the website's extensive and well illustrated list of misidentifications, describe how people can further check details, develop their knowledge (e.g. satellite paths, stars/planets charts, characteristics of meteors, pictures of sprites, clouds classification) and enhance their observation skills. In order to show the relevance of the project, a short illustrated list of UAP cases received by the project will be featured, both explained and inexplicable. Finally, we will explore potential plans for strengthening the visibility and usefulness of the project, while requesting feedback from the community of atmospheric and natural sciences' researchers. (1) www.uapreporting.org (*): Disclaimer: Work undertaken as personal work; not endorsed as research activity by ESA.

Ailleris, P.

2012-04-01

317

Predictive validity of kindergarten assessments on handwriting readiness.  

PubMed

We investigated the predictive value of a new kindergarten assessment of handwriting readiness on handwriting performance in first grade as evaluated by the Systematic Screening for Handwriting Difficulties (Dutch abbreviation: SOS). The kindergarten assessment consisted of the Writing Readiness Inventory Tool In Context (WRITIC), the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (Beery™VMI) and the Nine-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT). The WRITIC evaluates in kindergarten children (aged 5-6 years) prewriting skills, the Beery™VMI and 9-HPT evaluate visual motor integration and fine-motor coordination, all elements important for handwriting readiness. In kindergarten, 109 children (55 boys; mean age 70 months, SD 4.8 months) were tested with the WRITIC, Beery™VMI and 9-HPT and one year later in first grade (mean age 85 months, SD 4.5 months) with the SOS. A multivariable linear mixed model was used to identify variables that independently predict outcomes in first grade (SOS): baseline scores on WRITIC-TP, Beery™VMI, 9-HPT, 'sustained attention,' 'gender,' 'age' and 'intervention' in the intermediate period. The results showed that WRITIC-TP, Beery™VMI, and 9-HPT, 'sustained attention,' 'gender' and 'intervention' had all predictive value on the handwriting outcome. Thereby WRITIC-TP was the main predictor for outcome of SOS-Quality, and Beery™VMI and 9-HPT were the main predictors of SOS-Speed. This kindergarten assessment of WRITIC-TP, Beery™VMI, and 9-HPT contributes to the detection of children at risk for developing handwriting problems. PMID:25462472

van Hartingsveldt, Margo J; Cup, Edith H C; Hendriks, Jan C M; de Vries, Liesbeth; de Groot, Imelda J M; Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Maria W G

2014-10-16

318

Learning to Learn, Pre-Kindergarten--Kindergarten Design Implications. IssueTrak: A CEFPI Brief on Educational Facility Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the current K-12 generation approaches societal maturity they will encounter issues that are changing almost as fast as they are identified. Fast on the heels of the elementary population are the pre-kindergarten children who will be facing an ever-changing global society. Business and educational leaders have called for universal preschool…

Johnson, Karen

2006-01-01

319

Enhancing the Transition to Kindergarten: A Randomized Trial to Test the Efficacy of the "Stars" Summer Kindergarten Orientation Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This randomized trial tested the efficacy of an intensive, four-week summer program designed to enhance low-income children's transition to kindergarten (n's = 60 program children, 40 controls). Administered in four public schools, the program focused on social competence, pre-literacy and pre-numeracy skills, school routines, and parental…

Berlin, Lisa J.; Dunning, Rebecca D.; Dodge, Kenneth A.

2011-01-01

320

COGNITIVE SCIENCE IMPLICATIONS FOR ENHANCING TRAINING EFFECTIVENESS IN A SERIOUS GAMING CONTEXT  

SciTech Connect

Serious games use entertainment principles, creativity, and technology to meet government or corporate training objectives, but these principles alone will not guarantee that the intended learning will occur. To be effective, serious games must incorporate sound cognitive, learning, and pedagogical principles into their design and structure. In this paper, we review cognitive principles that can be applied to improve the training effectiveness in serious games and we describe a process we used to design improvements for an existing game-based training application in the domain of cyber security education.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Kuchar, Olga A.; Huston, Kristy A.

2007-08-01

321

Hooked on Science: How an Ohio Teacher is Training Students to Be Linked in to Forensics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features Ohio teacher Carol Fleck's use of videoconferencing in teaching Contemporary BioScience and Genetics. Fleck, who says her initial vision for the class was "science without classroom walls," covers such topics as emerging diseases, bioterrorism, and forensic science. Collaboration between schools is a key part of the course…

Technology & Learning, 2008

2008-01-01

322

Undergraduate Research-Methods Training in Political Science: A Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unlike other disciplines in the social sciences, there has been relatively little attention paid to the structure of the undergraduate political science curriculum. This article reports the results of a representative survey of 200 political science programs in the United States, examining requirements for quantitative methods, research methods,…

Parker, Jonathan

2010-01-01

323

Geoscience Recruitment Initiative for Teacher Training 15 month program leading to the Masters in Natural Science  

E-print Network

to the Masters in Natural Science Degree from Louisiana State University's College of Science A $25,000 stipend ­ Loess deposits, geology of the Port Hudson Civil War battle site, fossil dig near Jackson, MS for shark;Selection Criteria Louisiana-certified in-service science teacher with at least three years of experience

Harms, Kyle E.

324

The effects of study groups on teachers' transfer of inquiry instruction training to elementary school science achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the study group model of job-embedded professional development implemented by one district to determine its effectiveness on the degree to which teachers successfully transferred the "best practice" of inquiry into their science classroom as a result of the study group, and the impact of this professional development on students' science achievement in grades 3, 4 and 5. Upon the implementation of a new science curriculum, grade 3, 4 and 5 teachers and students were randomly selected to comprise two treatment groups. One group of teachers participated in two workshops while the other group of teachers participated in the workshops and formed study groups to continue their science professional development training, meeting six times during the course of four months. Students completed a science content assessment as a pre- and post-test measure of their achievement. Teachers and students also completed a pre- and post-test Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES) to measure the implementation of constructivist practices in the classroom. An analysis of covariance was conducted to determine if any significant results occurred. Teachers from both treatment groups were also observed using the Science Teacher Inquiry Rubric (STIR), which was designed and validated to measure their transfer of inquiry training into the science classroom. An occurrence analysis was utilized to examine the results. Significant findings occurred in the achievement results of grade 3 and 5 study group students. In addition, it was determined that study groups may have resulted in the implementation of more student-centered inquiry practices than the workshop group in grades 3 and 5. However, in this study, it appeared that the study group teachers may not have used enough student-centered features of inquiry to establish constructivist learning environments as no statistically significant findings occurred. Grade 4 achievement results were not significant. It appeared that the physical science content of the new curriculum impacted not only the student achievement results but also the implementation of inquiry-based practices in the classroom for both the study group and the workshop group.

Beerer, Karen M.

325

Training Future Scientists: Predicting First-year Minority Student Participation in Health Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using longitudinal data from the UCLA Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) and Your First College Year (YFCY)\\u000a surveys, this study examines predictors of the likelihood that science-oriented students would participate in a health science\\u000a undergraduate research program during the first year of college. The key predictors of participation in health science research\\u000a programs are students’ reliance on peer networks and

Sylvia Hurtado; M. Kevin Eagan; Nolan L. Cabrera; Monica H. Lin; Julie Park; Miguel Lopez

2008-01-01

326

Visual-Perceptual Training of Field-Dependent and Field-Independent 5-Year-Olds: An Increase in Analytic Visual Ability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten children were exposed to a behavior modification training activity involving perceptual scanning, which was designed to increase the field-independent mode of perception. The training was evaluated, based upon a group of 18 experimental subjects and a control group of 17 children. Subjects in the training group were individually…

Britain, Susan D.; And Others

327

Single Parenting and Child Behavior Problems in Kindergarten.  

PubMed

Two waves of data from a sample of 89 poor and near-poor single black mothers and their preschool children were used to study the influences of parenting stress, physical discipline practices, and nonresident fathers' relations with their children on behavior problems in kindergarten. The results indicate that higher levels of parent stress, more frequent spanking, and less frequent father-child contact at time 1 were associated with increased teacher-reported behavior problems at time 2. In addition, more frequent contact between nonresident biological fathers and their children moderated the negative effect of harsh discipline by mothers on subsequent child behavior problems. Specifically, when contact with the father was low, maternal spanking resulted in elevated levels of behavior problems; with average contact, this negative effect of spanking was muted; and with high contact, spanking was not associated with increased behavior problems in kindergarten. The implications of these findings for future research and policy are discussed. PMID:22031813

Jackson, Aurora P; Preston, Kathleen S J; Franke, Todd M

2010-03-01

328

Already Ready: Nurturing Writers in Preschool and Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By the time they reach preschool or kindergarten, young children are already writers. They don't have much experience, but they're filled with stories to tell and ideas to express--they want to show the world what they know and see. All they need is a nurturing teacher to recognize the writer at work within them. Taking an exciting, new approach…

Ray, Katie Wood; Glover, Matt

2008-01-01

329

A new chapter in doctoral candidate training: The Helmholtz Space Life Sciences Research School (SpaceLife)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the field of space life sciences, the demand of an interdisciplinary and specific training of young researchers is high due to the complex interaction of medical, biological, physical, technical and other questions. The Helmholtz Space Life Sciences Research School (SpaceLife) offers an excellent interdisciplinary training for doctoral students from different fields (biology, biochemistry, biotechnology, physics, psychology, nutrition or sports sciences and related fields) and any country. SpaceLife is coordinated by the Institute of Aerospace Medicine at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Cologne. The German Universities in Kiel, Bonn, Aachen, Regensburg, Magdeburg and Berlin, and the German Sports University (DSHS) in Cologne are members of SpaceLife. The Universities of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Frankfurt, Hohenheim, and the Beihang University in Beijing are associated partners. In each generation, up to 25 students can participate in the three-year program. Students learn to develop integrated concepts to solve health issues in human spaceflight and in related disease patterns on Earth, and to further explore the requirements for life in extreme environments, enabling a better understanding of the ecosystem Earth and the search for life on other planets in unmanned and manned missions. The doctoral candidates are coached by two specialist supervisors from DLR and the partner university, and a mentor. All students attend lectures in different subfields of space life sciences to attain an overview of the field: radiation and gravitational biology, astrobiology and space physiology, including psychological aspects of short and long term space missions. Seminars, advanced lectures, laboratory courses and stays at labs at the partner institutions or abroad are offered as elective course and will provide in-depth knowledge of the chosen subfield or allow to appropriate innovative methods. In Journal Clubs of the participating working groups, doctoral students learn critical reading of scientific literature, first steps in peer review, scientific writing during preparation of their own publication, and writing of the thesis. The training of soft skills is offered as block course in cooperation with other Helmholtz Research Schools. The whole program encompasses 303 h and is organized in semester terms. The first doctoral candidates started the program in spring 2009.

Hellweg, C. E.; Gerzer, R.; Reitz, G.

2011-05-01

330

Bitten by the Science "Bug"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Who would have thought that a primary level science camp would spark exciting science programs for the more than 1,000 elementary students in one school district in Stephenville, Texas? This article details the development of a science camp for kindergarten through second-grade students. This popular program began with one teacher's vision of strengthening students' science-process skills and teaching science inquiry at her school and eventually spread throughout the school district.

Viki Hymer

2005-07-01

331

Inquiry-Based Laboratory Practices in a Science Teacher Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the effects of inquiry-based learning practices on the scientific process skills, creative thinking, and attitudes towards science experiments of preservice science teachers have been analyzed. A non-experimental quantitative analysis method, the single-group pre test posttest design, has been used. In order to observe the…

Yakar, Zeha; Baykara, Hatice

2014-01-01

332

Becoming Science Teachers: an evaluation of the initial stages of primary teacher training  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 3?year evaluation study explores the development of trainee primary teachers’ attitudes toward the teaching and learning of science during the early stages of their professional education. We demonstrate that science is, for many students, a potentially problematic area of the curriculum in which their past learning experiences are particularly prominent in the development of negative attitudes and feelings of

Joan Parker; Elaine Spink

1997-01-01

333

GUIDE TO OPPORTUNITIES FOR EDUCATION, TRAINING AND RESEARCH IN THE SCIENCES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS GUIDE TO EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SCIENCES IS INTENDED TO PROVIDE A COMPREHENSIVE AND CONVENIENT REFERENCE FOR GUIDANCE COUNSELORS, STUDENTS, SCHOLARS, RESEARCHERS, EDUCATORS, AND ADMINISTRATORS, BRINGING TOGETHER WIDELY SCATTERED INFORMATION THAT HITHERTO HAS BEEN DIFFICULT TO OBTAIN. CHAPTER 1 DEALS EXCLUSIVELY WITH NATIONAL SCIENCE

FIELD, STANLEY

334

Using Precision Rotameters. Module 6. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on using precision rotameters. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming the parts of a low-flow precision…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

335

Operating a Microwave Radiation Detection Monitor. Module 10. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on operating a microwave radiation detection monitor. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) testing the…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

336

An International Training Program in Library and Information Science: Looking Backward and Forward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to improve the subsequent editions of an international training program in information management. Up to now 15 editions have been organized, coordinated by the author of this paper. Most participants work in developing countries, mainly in Africa and Asia. Each program takes place mainly in Brussels, Belgium, for about…

Nieuwenhuysen, Paul

2011-01-01

337

Building a Sustainable Life Science Information Literacy Program Using the Train-the-Trainer Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The train-the-trainer model has great potential for expanding information literacy programs without placing undue burden on already overextended librarians; it is surprisingly underused in academic libraries. At the University of Kentucky, we employed this model to create a new information literacy program in an introductory biology lab. We…

Hartman, Patricia; Newhouse, Renae; Perry, Valerie

2014-01-01

338

Calibrating a Respirable Dust Sampling Device. Module 24. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on calibrating a respirable dust sampling device. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn, are three lessons: (1) naming each part of…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

339

Training in the Laboratory Animal Science Community: Strategies to Support Adult Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essence of learning is change; learning is the process by which learners customize new information to make it per- sonally meaningful and relevant. Training is the process of helping students make those changes. Research indicates that adults learn differently than children or adolescents and that adults consistently use the following six learning strat- egies: prior experiences; conversations; metacognition; re-

Jackie Dobrovolny; James Stevens; Leticia V. Medina

2007-01-01

340

The Effects of a Marine Science Curriculum and Training Project on Collegiality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports some of the results of an evaluation of Project OCEAN (Oceanic Classroom Education and Networking), a teacher training and curriculum reform project. The paper focuses on results that suggest that Project OCEAN was able to stimulate important collegial behaviors among teachers in all participating schools, and attempts to…

Estrin, Elise Trumbull; Lash, Andrea A.

341

Performing Analyses for Waterborne Bacteria. Module 13. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on performing analyses for waterborne bacteria. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming, sterilizing and…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

342

Cooperative Learning in Third Graders' Jigsaw Groups for Mathematics and Science with and without Questioning Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is much support for using cooperative methods, since important instructional aspects, such as elaboration of new information, can easily be realized by methods like "jigsaw." However, the impact of providing students with additional help like a questioning training and potential limitations of the method concerning the (minimum)…

Souvignier, Elmar; Kronenberger, Julia

2007-01-01

343

Collecting Pests for Identification. Module 12. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on collecting pests for identification. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) identifying the parts and…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

344

On Personal and Collective Dimensions of Agency in Doctoral Training: Medicine and Natural Science Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to investigate knowledge-creating agency by examining doctoral students' accounts of their pursuits, using structured interviews. We examined all of the talk apparently related to agency of 13 doctoral students taking part in collective doctoral training in two, highly regarded Finnish research communities…

Hakkarainen, Kai Pekka; Wires, Susanna; Keskinen, Jenni; Paavola, Sami; Pohjola, Pasi; Lonka, Kirsti; Pyhältö, Kirsi

2014-01-01

345

Training Programs of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, 1971-1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study predicts future requirements for biological scientists by specialty area, future supply within area, and the effects of National Institutes of Health program alternatives on requirements and supply measures. At present and for the forseeable future, approved training grants for critical shortage areas are funded as rapidly as centers of…

National Inst. of General Medical Sciences (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

346

Using Ionizing Radiation Detectors. Module 11. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on using ionizing radiation detectors. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming and telling the function…

Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

347

Consumer Education for Kindergarten through Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist school administrative personnel in the integration of consumer education into the curriculum at the elementary level and to assist teachers in planning and implementing consumer education concepts at the primary, intermediate, and upper elementary levels in language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield. Div. of Program Planning and Development.

348

Should MD-PhD Programs Encourage Graduate Training in Disciplines Beyond Conventional Biomedical or Clinical Sciences?  

PubMed

The goal of MD-PhD training programs is to produce physician-scientists with unique capacities to lead the future biomedical research workforce. The current dearth of physician-scientists with expertise outside conventional biomedical or clinical sciences raises the question of whether MD-PhD training programs should allow or even encourage scholars to pursue doctoral studies in disciplines that are deemed nontraditional, yet are intrinsically germane to major influences on health. This question is especially relevant because the central value and ultimate goal of the academic medicine community is to help attain the highest level of health and health equity for all people. Advances in medical science and practice, along with improvements in health care access and delivery, are steps toward health equity, but alone they will not come close to eliminating health inequalities. Addressing the complex health issues in our communities and society as a whole requires a biomedical research workforce with knowledge, practice, and research skills well beyond conventional biomedical or clinical sciences. To make real progress in advancing health equity, educational pathways must prepare physician-scientists to treat both micro and macro determinants of health. The authors argue that MD-PhD programs should allow and encourage their scholars to cross boundaries into less traditional disciplines such as epidemiology, statistics, anthropology, sociology, ethics, public policy, management, economics, education, social work, informatics, communications, and marketing. To fulfill current and coming health care needs, nontraditional MD-PhD students should be welcomed and supported as valuable members of our biomedical research workforce. PMID:25354071

O'Mara, Ryan J; Hsu, Stephen I; Wilson, Daniel R

2015-02-01

349

Scope and Sequence. Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Earth and Space Sciences. A Summer Curriculum Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a booklet containing scope and sequence charts for kindergarten and grades 1 to 6 science units. Overviews and lists of major concepts for units in the life, physical, and earth/space sciences are provided in tables for each grade level. Also presented are seven complete units, one for each grade level. Following a table of contents,…

Cortland-Madison Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Cortland, NY.

350

Training Science and Mathematics Professionals for an Innovation Economy: The Emergence of the Professional Science Master's in the USA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professional Science Master's (PSM) degree is a creative addition to US graduate education, expressly to support innovation and workforce development in a globally competitive economy. Initiated in the 1990s with funding from two US private foundations, there is still a question as to whether universities will sustain it beyond the start-up…

Tobias, Sheila; Sims, Leslie B.

2006-01-01

351

Education in the 80's: Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to serve as a resource for science teachers, kindergarten through college, this publication contains 10 chapters, each focused on a topic of interest to science teachers working in the 1980's. Chapter titles and their authors are: (1) Understanding Science as a Cultural Phenomenon - Mission for the 80's, Drew Christianson; (2) What…

Rowe, Mary Budd, Ed.

352

Training and Career Development - National Cancer Institute - Cancer Control and Population Sciences  

Cancer.gov

Skip Navigation National Cancer Institute Cancer Control and Population Sciences: NCI's Bridge to Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy Search: Home Program Areas Applied Research Behavioral Research Epidemiology + Genomics Implementation

353

Using a Moodle-Based Professional Development Program to Train Science Teachers to Teach for Creativity and its Effectiveness on their Teaching Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study describes a distance learning professional development program that we designed for the purpose of training science teachers to teach for creativity. The Moodle platform was used to host the training. To ensure that trainees would benefit from this distance learning program, we designed the instructional activities according to the Community of Inquiry framework, which consists of three main elements: cognitive presence, teaching presence and social presence. Nineteen science teachers in Oman engaged in the training, which lasted for 36 working days. To measure the effectiveness of the training program on science teachers' instructional practices related to teaching for creativity, we used a pre-post one-group quasi-experimental design. An observation form was used to assess and document participants' practices. Paired t test results showed that there was a statistically significant improvement in science teachers' practices related to teaching for creativity. During the implementation of the training program, we observed that cognitive presence and teaching presence were the two most successful elements of the program. The training program involved participants in different instructional activities which were designed to help them understand the role of creativity in science; a wide range of instructional techniques designed to nurture students' creativity was discussed. The program also provided participants with opportunities to relate their practices to teaching for creativity and to design and implement lesson plans geared toward teaching for creativity. However, the social presence element was not satisfying. Participants' virtual interactions with each other and their engagement in online discussion forums were limited. This paper provides some recommendations to overcome such pitfalls.

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Al-Abdali, Nasser S.

2014-10-01

354

A faculty research and training program for undergraduates in the sciences.  

PubMed

Faculty enthusiasm, with actual hands-on involvement, is a critical factor in establishing student research interest and excitement in a university or college science environment. Such faculty involvement is infectious to students and therefore key to restoring United States leadership in science and technology in the next decades. Most scientists acknowledge that they were initially attracted into scientific careers through one or two notable teachers who served as role models. However, with the introduction of so-called "big science" and its distraction of university faculty away from meaningful, direct student contacts, and with associated withdrawal of funding from "little science" in the college teacher's laboratory, research languishes in nearly all undergraduate teaching institutions. The inspiring college science teacher seems essentially gone, tired or burnt out, unable to keep pace with the rigorous demands of an active research lab while simultaneously meeting the exhausting load of 15-18 (or more) contact teaching hours per week. With all of the associated lecture preparations, student counseling, and Dean's committee assignments, the teacher has little or no scholarly "think time" or opportunity to inspire even the bright students. Without the teacher's honest and evident involvement and deep commitment, the student fails to experience the essential impact of a convincing role model. It is therefore necessary to restore the college science teacher's opportunity and aspirations to be personally involved in research. This can only be accomplished by providing time, facilities, incentives, and encouragement to do what originally attracted the teacher into a career in science and teaching in the first place.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1476212

Randall, W C; Burden, S L

1992-12-01

355

Standard Modern Greek and Greek-Cypriot Dialect in Kindergarten Classroom Interaction: Teachers' and Learners' Language Attitudes and Language Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates language use and language attitudes in state kindergarten education in Cyprus. Kindergarten education is the primary setting where Greek-Cypriots learn to employ the standard variety on a systematic basis. Consequently, the context of kindergarten education is a principal setting for examining language attitudes and…

Sophocleous, Andry; Wilks, Clarissa

2010-01-01

356

Examining Differences in Kindergarteners' Mathematics Learning: A Closer Look at Instruction, Socioeconomic Status, and Race  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined whether mathematics instruction provided by kindergarten teachers is related to children's mathematics learning during the kindergarten year based on the children's socioeconomic status and race. Hierarchical linear modeling was employed using a large sample of kindergarten students to estimate relationships between…

Jung, Eunjoo

2014-01-01

357

The Effects of Age at Kindergarten Entry on the Reading Proficiency of African American and European American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

European American students are more likely delayed entrance in kindergarten than African American students. This study examined whether age at kindergarten entry influences the reading proficiency skills of African American and European American students at the start of kindergarten, at the end of first grade, and at the end of third grade. Using…

Easton-Brooks, Donald; Brown, Amber

2010-01-01

358

Quality in Kindergarten Classrooms: Observational Evidence for the Need to Increase Children's Learning Opportunities in Early Education Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Using observational data gathered in 730 kindergarten classrooms in 6 states, the present study focuses on the quality of children's learning opportunities in kindergarten classrooms. Findings show that overall, children experience moderate to low levels of quality in the areas of classroom organization and instructional support in kindergarten. Results are also presented in comparison to children's experiences in

Karen M. La Paro; Bridget K. Hamre; Jennifer Locasale-Crouch; Robert C. Pianta; Donna Bryant; Dianne Early; Richard Clifford; Oscar Barbarin; Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal

2009-01-01

359

Child, Family, and Childcare Predictors of Delayed School Entry and Kindergarten Retention among Linguistically and Ethnically Diverse Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern about kindergarten retention is on the rise within the current climate of high-stakes testing and escalating kindergarten expectations. Kindergarten retention has been linked in previous research to various risk factors such as poverty, low maternal education, single parent status, minority status, English language learner (ELL) status,…

Winsler, Adam; Hutchison, Lindsey A.; De Feyter, Jessica J.; Manfra, Louis; Bleiker, Charles; Hartman, Suzanne C.; Levitt, Jerome

2012-01-01

360

To Bring into Play: Miss Mary Richmond's Utilization of Kindred Networks in the Diffusion of Kindergarten Ideals into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the setting up of kindergarten systems in colonial New Zealand over the late nineteenth century, kindergarten founders such as Miss Mary Richmond in Wellington developed global links with kindergarten movements in a number of countries including England. This article examines the nature and significance of two key global interconnected networks…

Bethell, Kerry

2006-01-01

361

Transforming the present--discovering the future: the University of Pittsburgh's NLM grant on education and training of health sciences librarians.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The University of Pittsburgh was awarded a grant by the National Library of Medicine to study the education and training needs of present and future medical librarians and health information specialists through a collaboration of the university's School of Information Sciences and Health Sciences Library System. Goals and objectives for the year-long project included (1) assessment of education and training needs of medical librarians, (2) development of a master of library science curriculum and an internship program that would prepare graduates to take leadership roles in medical librarianship or information management, (3) development of continuing education programs for medical librarians in different formats, and (4) development of targeted recruitment efforts to attract minority group members and individuals with undergraduate science majors. The importance of this project, present practice, and success factors for programs seeking excellence in the preparation of health sciences information professionals are reviewed. A needs assessment involving a national advisory panel and a follow-up study of individuals who have participated in previous specialized training programs in health sciences information, compared with a peer group of medical librarians who did not participate in such programs, is described. This paper presents the goals and objectives of the project, describes the methods used, and outlines a curriculum, continuing education initiatives, and recruitment activities. PMID:8913555

Detlefsen, E G; Epstein, B A; Mickelson, P; Detre, T

1996-01-01

362

Social Experiences in Kindergarten and Academic Achievement in Grade 1: A Monozygotic Twin Difference Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine how different types of social experiences in kindergarten relate to Grade 1 academic achievement, while controlling for possible genetic and shared environmental influences through the use of the monozygotic (MZ) twin difference method. Social experiences in kindergarten included relationship quality with the…

Vitaro, Frank; Boivin, Michel; Brendgen, Mara; Girard, Alain; Dionne, Ginette

2012-01-01

363

Examining Program Quality Disparities between Urban and Rural Kindergartens in China: Evidence from Zhejiang  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, the Chinese government has initiated a national plan to universalize quality kindergartens for all age-eligible Chinese children. Kindergarten is the main form of early childhood education and care (ECEC) service across China. However, the government faces two thorny issues on the journey toward realizing educational equity for…

Hu, Bi Ying; Zhou, Yisu; Li, Kejian; Roberts, Sherron Killingsworth

2014-01-01

364

Language Skills in Low-SES Rural Appalachian Children: Kindergarten to Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the development of language in low-SES rural Appalachian children from kindergarten through middle childhood. Findings showed that the children's language skills improved significantly between kindergarten and middle childhood, with all middle childhood language means within the average range. However, all areas of language…

Reynolds, Mary E.; Fish, Margaret

2010-01-01

365

The Outdoor Environment in Norwegian Kindergartens as Pedagogical Space for Toddlers' Play, Learning and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines some characteristics of the outdoor environment in Norwegian kindergartens. Understood as pedagogical space, outdoor conditions may enhance or restrict the youngest children's possibilities for play, learning and development. In 117 of 133 kindergartens (response rate: 87 %) participating in a longitudinal study, the heads of…

Moser, Thomas; Martinsen, Marianne T.

2010-01-01

366

The Stresses of a "Brave New World": Shyness and School Adjustment in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shy children are wary in the face of new social situations and perceived social evaluation. In this regard, the transition to kindergarten may represent a particularly challenging task for shy children. In this review, we explore the kindergarten classroom as a particularly stressful context for shy children. We examine the adjustment difficulties…

Coplan, Robert J.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.

2008-01-01

367

"Their Little Wooden Bricks": A History of the Material Culture of Kindergarten in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the material culture of kindergarten in the United States in relation to the production and consumption of materials and kindergarten theory and pedagogy. The focus is on Friedrich Froebel's building gifts as they were manufactured and sold by the Milton Bradley Company from 1869 to 1939. A review of trade catalogues over the…

Prochner, Larry

2011-01-01

368

Access to a Responsiveness to Intervention Model: Does Beginning Intervention in Kindergarten Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we tested the outcomes of access to a response to intervention (RtI) model in kindergarten or in first grade on end-of-Grade-2 reading achievement and placement in special education. Across five schools, 214 students who began having access to Tier 2 intervention in kindergarten or first grade were compared in Grades 1 and 2 with…

O'Connor, Rollanda E.; Bocian, Kathleen M.; Sanchez, Victoria; Beach, Kristen D.

2014-01-01

369

From Child's Garden to Academic Press: The Role of Shifting Institutional Logics in Redefining Kindergarten Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impermeability of schooling to reform is a frequent conclusion of studies of educational organizations, but historical accounts suggest that kindergartens have undergone significant transformation. Once a transitional year emphasizing child development, kindergarten now marks the beginning of formal academic instruction. Guided by…

Russell, Jennifer Lin

2011-01-01

370

"Like Sending Coals to Newcastle": Impressions from and of the Anglo-American Kindergarten Movements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by the German pedagogue Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852), the Kindergarten offered a revolutionary educational program for young children. In the mid-nineteenth century, after several decades of limited success in the German states, Froebel's Kindergarten began to be transplanted to other countries, including the USA and England. The…

Nawrotzki, Kristen D.

2007-01-01

371

Exploring the Amount and Type of Writing Instruction during Language Arts Instruction in Kindergarten Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this exploratory investigation was to examine the nature of writing instruction in kindergarten classrooms and to describe student writing outcomes at the end of the school year. Participants for this study included 21 teachers and 238 kindergarten children from nine schools. Classroom teachers were videotaped once each in the…

Puranik, Cynthia S.; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Sidler, Jessica Folsom; Greulich, Luana

2014-01-01

372

Long-Term Benefits of Full-Day Kindergarten: A Longitudinal Population-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the first longitudinal, population-based study of full-day kindergarten (FDK) outcomes beyond primary school in Canada, we used linked administrative data to follow 15 kindergarten cohorts (n ranging from 112 to 736) up to grade 9. Provincial assessments conducted in grades 3, 7, and 8 and course marks and credits earned in grade 9 were…

Brownell, M. D.; Nickel, N. C.; Chateau, D.; Martens, P. J.; Taylor, C.; Crockett, L.; Katz, A.; Sarkar, J.; Burland, E.; Goh, C. Y.

2015-01-01

373

Kindergarten Reading Skill Level and Change as Risk Factors for Chronic Problem Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors explored the effect of prereading skills at the start of kindergarten and change in skills during kindergarten on response to Tier I (universal) Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support in Grade 5. A longitudinal data set of 473 students, including "Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills" measures at the start,…

McIntosh, Kent; Sadler, Carol; Brown, Jacqueline A.

2012-01-01

374

Using Survival Analysis to Describe Developmental Achievements of Early Intervention Recipients at Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survival analysis was used to document the developmental achievements of 2298 kindergarten children who participated in the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study, a study that followed children from entry to Part C early intervention (EI) through kindergarten. Survival functions were produced depicting the percentage of children at…

Scarborough, Anita A.; Hebbeler, Kathleen M.; Spiker, Donna; Simeonsson, Rune J.

2011-01-01

375

A Multivariate Examination of Parent Involvement and the Social and Academic Competencies of Urban Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of this study was to obtain a multidimensional picture of parent involvement in kindergarten. Participants in this study were 307 low-income, ethnic minority children and their primary caregivers in a large, urban school district in the Northeast. Results revealed that kindergarten parent involvement dimensions (i.e., from…

McWayne, Christine; Hampton, Virginia; Fantuzzo, John; Cohen, Heather L.; Sekino, Yumiko

2004-01-01

376

Classroom Management, Social Participation Structures and Required Social Competence in Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that becoming familiar with the work system of the kindergarten classroom (a functional system with its own rules and procedures for activities and transition) is important for students' development and well-being, this study examined the work systems in two kindergarten classrooms and children's associated context-specific social…

Verhaeghe, Jean Pierre; Vanobbergen, Bruno

377

Kindergarten and Primary School Children's Implicit Theories of Learning to Write  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies the process of learning to write from an insider perspective, by adopting the framework of implicit theories of learning. We interviewed 160 children attending kindergarten or primary education in public schools in Argentina (20 children from each of the eight grades from kindergarten to seventh grade). Main questions explored…

Scheuer, Nora; de la Cruz, Montserrat; Pozo, Juan Ignacio; Echenique, Monica; Marquez, Maria Silvina

2009-01-01

378

Latino Public Opinion Survey of Pre-Kindergarten Programs: Knowledge, Preferences, and Public Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Valencia, Perez & Echeveste (VPE) and the Tomas Rivera Policy Institute (TRPI) designed a survey to capture Latino adults' opinions about the benefits, importance, and costs associated with enrolling children in pre-kindergarten programs. The objective of the survey was to gauge support for government-subsidized pre-kindergarten programs among the…

Tomas Rivera Policy Institute, 2006

2006-01-01

379

Changing Family Routines at Kindergarten Entry Predict Biomarkers of Parental Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested associations among parenting stress prior to a child's kindergarten entry, the sustainability of family routines, and biomarkers of stress among parents following the kindergarten transition. Parents (N = 51) with higher prekindergarten scores on the Parenting Stress Index Short Form reported lower Family Routines Inventory…

DeCaro, Jason A.; Worthman, Carol M.

2011-01-01

380

An Empirically Based Statewide System for Identifying Quality Pre-Kindergarten Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary study objective was to develop a statewide system that made use of information about the pre-kindergarten program in combination with kindergarten reading and social outcome measures in order to inform parents about the ability of early childhood programs to prepare children for formal schooling. In order to carry out this objective,…

Williams, Jeffrey M.; Landry, Susan H.; Anthony, Jason L.; Swank, Paul R.

2009-01-01

381

Diversity among Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners: Profiles of Early Literacy Skills in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored heterogeneity in literacy development among 2,300 Hispanic children receiving English as a Second Language (ESL) services at the start of kindergarten. Two research questions guided this work: (1) Do Spanish-speaking English language learners receiving ESL services in the fall of kindergarten demonstrate homogeneous early…

Ford, Karen L.; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Konold, Timothy R.; Invernizzi, Marcia; Gartland, Lauren B.

2013-01-01

382

A Structural Model of the Effects of Preschool Attention on Kindergarten Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors that lead to poor achievement in literacy are evident prior to a child beginning kindergarten. In the present study, we examined the importance of including attention in a model for predicting emergent literacy in prekindergarten and subsequent reading abilities in kindergarten. The sample was 250 children attending public prekindergarten…

Dice, Jaime L.; Schwanenflugel, Paula

2012-01-01

383

Early Childhood Predictors of Post-Kindergarten Executive Function: Behavior, Parent Report, and Psychophysiology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This study examined whether children's executive functions before kindergarten would predict variance in executive functions after kindergarten. We obtained behavioral (working memory task performance), parent-reported (temperament-based inhibitory control), and psychophysiological (working memory-related changes in heart rate…

Cuevas, Kimberly; Hubble, Morgan; Bell, Martha Ann

2012-01-01

384

Predicting Kindergarten Success for Economically Disadvantaged Head Start Children: A Latent Curve Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to use data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 database for public use (version 2.9.2.1; Westat, 2000) to examine a sample of Head Start children and families to predict kindergarten and first grade success, The study controlled family variables of income level, family…

Jiang, Ying Hong; Mok, Doris; Weaver, Robert R.

385

Identifying Young Gifted Children Using the Gifted Rating Scales Preschool/Kindergarten Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of a new teacher rating scale designed to assist in the identification of gifted preschool and kindergarten students. The Gifted Rating Scales-Preschool/Kindergarten Form (GRS-P) is based on a multidimensional model of giftedness. An examination of the standardization sample using…

Pfeiffer, Steven I.; Petscher, Yaacov

2008-01-01

386

The New Workforce Generation: Understanding the Problems Facing Parental Involvement in Jordanian Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to investigate the problems facing parental involvement in Jordanian kindergartens from the parents' perspectives. A 36-item questionnaire that addressed five domains was designed by the researchers and distributed among the study participants. The study sample consisted of 297 parents of kindergarten children from various…

Ihmeideh, Fathi; Khasawneh, Samer; Mahfouz, Safi; Khawaldeh, Moustafa

2008-01-01

387

An Examination of Problem Behaviors and Reading Outcomes in Kindergarten Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influences of problem behaviors on kindergarten reading outcomes and investigated the extent to which explicit, code-based reading instruction moderated those relations among 206 children identified as being at risk of reading difficulty. Children from the classrooms of 57 kindergarten teachers in 12 schools were randomly…

Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Kwok, Oi-man; Zou, Yuanyuan; Johnson, Caitlin; Simmons, Deborah; Coyne, Michael D.

2011-01-01

388

Effects of Two-Year Kindergarten Programs at the End of Third Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the reading achievement of third graders who had attended kindergarten for one year with that of third graders who had been given two years of kindergarten. A review of the literature revealed that the majority of studies in this area showed that the practice of retaining students did not serve the intended…

Prohaska, Ledette Kelton

389

Prediction of Readiness in Kindergarten and Achievement in the First Primary Year. Study Number Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 4-year United States Office of Education prekindergarten-kindergarten series of research studies has provided data useful in predicting school success. The present study compares test scores of the Complete Assessment Battery administered before the children entered kindergarten with scores of the same children on the Metropolitan Readiness…

University City School District, MO.

390

An Activities and Materials Based, Non-Text Mathematics Program for Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project conducted several years ago to develop informal mathematical learning experiences at kindergarten level is compared with the results of the work-book type (formal) program being used at that time. It is hypothesized that kindergarten pupils who study mathematical concepts in a planned, sequential, systematic, but non-workbook (informal)…

Lerch, Harold H.

391

The Impact of Interactive Multimedia on Kindergarten Students' Representations of Fractions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports initial findings from an intervention study evaluating the affordances of a variety of interactive multimedia tools on kindergarten students' representations of fractions. The study engaged 21 kindergarten students in a whole-class technology-based mathematics intervention conducted over 12 weekly teaching episodes. A comparison…

Goodwin, Kristy

2008-01-01

392

A Developmental Perspective on Word Literacy from Kindergarten through the Second Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing latent transition analysis and multidimensional scaling growth analysis, the authors studied the emerging developmental trajectories in word literacy (i.e., word-reading competence) of a group of 1,503 kindergarteners. Specifically, 3 hypotheses with respect to growth patterns in word literacy from kindergarten to Grade 2 were examined:…

Ding, Cody; Richardson, Lloyd; Schnell, Thomas

2013-01-01

393

When Girls Versus Boys Play Alone: Nonsocial Play and Adjustment in Kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the present study was to examine the relations between different forms of children's nonsocial play behaviors and adjustment in kindergarten. The participants in this study were 77 kindergarten children (38 boys, 39 girls; mean age = 66.16 months, SD = 4.11 months). Mothers completed ratings of child shyness and emotion dysregulation. Children's nonsocial play behaviors (reticent, solitary–passive,

Robert J. Coplan; Marie-Hélène Gavinski-Molina; Daniel G. Lagacé-Séguin; Cherami Wichmann

2001-01-01

394

Full-Day Kindergarten and Student Literacy Growth: Does a Lengthened School Day Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of a quasi-experimental research design, literacy data obtained on students were examined to assess relationships between kindergarten program model (full- vs. half-day) and student literacy outcomes. Application of multilevel modeling techniques to the time series data collected from kindergarteners in economically disadvantaged…

Zvoch, Keith; Reynolds, Ralph E.; Parker, Robert P.

2008-01-01

395

Job Satisfaction among Jordan's Kindergarten Teachers: Effects of Workplace Conditions and Demographic Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main objective of this study was to examine the job satisfaction levels of Jordanian kindergarten teachers in relation to work-related dimensions and socio-demographic variables. The sample consisted of 264 randomly selected teachers working in private kindergartens in Amman. To meet the study's objectives, a two part questionnaire was…

Abu Taleb, Tagreed Fathi

2013-01-01

396

Including Children with Selective Mutism in Mainstream Schools and Kindergartens: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research on inclusion of children with selective mutism in school/kindergarten. Moreover, few studies have tried to understand selectively mute children's interactions in the natural surroundings of their home and school/kindergarten. Five children meeting the DSM-IV criteria for selective mutism were video-observed in social…

Omdal, Heidi

2008-01-01

397

Transactions among Teachers and Children: Teachers' Instruction and the Writing Processes of Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to document the written language of kindergarten children as a transaction among writers, teachers, and the writing process. Six children's writing processes and two teachers' instructional behaviors were examined using videotaped observations during an eight month period in two kindergarten classrooms. Writing products of…

Moss, R. Kay

398

Developing an Educational E-Book for Fostering Kindergarten Children's Emergent Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This preliminary study investigated the effects of a novel educational electronic book (e-book) developed by the authors to further kindergarteners' emergent literacy skills within a "paired-learning" versus "individual learning" context. Of the 72 children randomly chosen from three kindergartens in a low SES township in the country where the…

Shamir, Adina; Korat, Ofra

2007-01-01

399

Impact of Preschool Education on Reading Achievement of Kindergarten through Fifth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the impact of various types of preschool care and education on the reading achievement of children, kindergarten through fifth grade, who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K). The participants in this study are located throughout the United States of America. These…

Clark, Melissa H.

2009-01-01

400

Indiana Reading Diagnostic Assessment: Resource & Intervention Guide, Kindergarten. Additional Activities and Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials included in this manual are organized according to the Indiana's Kindergarten Academic Standards for English/Language Arts. In each section teachers will find: (1) Indiana's Kindergarten Academic Standards for English/Language Arts Assessments: Black Line Masters of diagnostic/practice pages for skill areas, checklists, and rubrics;…

Indiana Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

401

Plant a Radish, Get a Radish: Case Study of Kindergarten Teachers' Differing Literacy Belief Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions two philosophically differing kindergarten teachers (whole language or skills-based) regarding views, beliefs, and practices in teaching literacy to kindergarten populations. Interviews students at the end of the school year regarding their understanding of reading and writing as a result of their teacher's beliefs. Finds that children's…

Thomas, Karen F.; Barksdale-Ladd, Mary Alice

1997-01-01

402

Beginning Mapping Skills: A Unit of Study for Kindergarten Children. A Ten Day Unit of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this unit of study is to familiarize kindergarten children with the use of symbols to represent actual places or objects. The unit is primarily intended for kindergarten children, but can be modified for use with first grade students. Implementation of the unit should require between 10 and 12 class days. Provided are an outline of…

Craycraft, Kenneth; Timme, Kay

403

Effective Practices to Enhance Immigrant Kindergarteners' Second Language Vocabulary Learning through Storybook Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of direct instruction and interactive instruction on immigrant kindergarten children's vocabulary learning during storybook reading. (In the present study the terms "immigrants" and "second language learners" are used alternatively meaning kindergarteners from immigrant families who are in…

Chlapana, Elissavet; Tafa, Eufimia

2014-01-01

404

On the Contribution of Kindergarten Writing to Grade 1 Literacy: A Longitudinal Study in Hebrew.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined the relationship between kindergarten word writing and Grade 1 literacy in a large sample of Israeli children. Kindergarten writing significantly predicted variance in all three measures of Grade 1 literacy, even after controlling for intelligence. Also examined the role of alphabetic skills and socioliteracy…

Shatil, Evelyn; Share, David L.; Levin, Iris

2000-01-01

405

Kindergarten Teachers’ Beliefs and Responses to Hypothetical Prosocial, Asocial, and Antisocial Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to explore kindergarten teachers’ attitudes and beliefs toward hypothetical children who frequently displayed certain types of behaviors with peers in the classroom. Participants were 202 kindergarten teachers from 4 provinces in Canada. Teachers responded to hypothetical vignettes describing children exhibiting shy, unsociable, aggressive, and prosocial behaviors. Beliefs assessed included teachers’ tolerances of the behaviors,

Kimberley A. Arbeau; Robert J. Coplan

2007-01-01

406

Kindergarten Adjustment Difficulty: The Contribution of Children's Effortful Control and Parental Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This paper examines the extent to which children's effortful control and early family experiences predict difficulty in kindergarten adjustment. One hundred and eighty-two children from 31 kindergarten classrooms in rural elementary schools in the Southeast participated. Teachers reported on children's difficulty with…

Nathanson, Lori; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Brock, Laura L.

2009-01-01

407

Neuropsychological Intervention in Kindergarten Children with Subtyped Risks of Reading Retardation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten children at risk of developing language problems were administered the Florida Kindergarten Screening Battery. A principal components analysis revealed a verbal and a visual-spatial component and subsequent discriminant function analyses a high verbal/low visual-spatial group (LAL: Latent L) and a high visual-spatial flow verbal group…

Smit-Glaude, Sietsia W. D.; van Strien, Jan W.; Licht, Robert; Bakker, Dirk J.

2005-01-01

408

"NAEYC's Key Attributes of Quality Preschool Programs" Applied to the Jordanian Kindergarten Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jordan's education system is currently undergoing rigorous and comprehensive reform processes that focus on improving the status of educational policies and experiences for students in kindergarten through 12th grade. Kindergarten education in Jordan has been dominated until recently, by the private-sector. For the past decade, the Ministry of…

Taleb, Tagreed Fathi Abu

2013-01-01

409

Concurrent and Predictive Validity of the Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale-II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to establish the concurrent and predictive validity of the Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale, Second Edition (PKRS-II; L. Phelps, 2003). Seventy-four kindergarten students of diverse ethnic backgrounds enrolled in a northeastern suburban school participated in the study. The concurrent administration of the…

Duncan, Jennifer; Rafter, Erin M.

2005-01-01

410

The Effects of Transformational Literature on Children's Topical Choices for Writer's Workshop in an Urban Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to document the writing choices of kindergarten children in an urban setting after planned experiences with transformational literature. This research involved nineteen kindergarten students who were participants through the naturalistic setting of routine classroom instruction. Four social issues…

Taylor, Toni; Aldridge, Jerry; Christensen, Lois

2008-01-01

411

Air, Ocean and Climate Monitoring Enhancing Undergraduate Training in the Physical, Environmental and Computer Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Faculty in the Department of Physical, Environmental and Computer Sciences strongly believe in the concept that undergraduate research and research-related activities must be integrated into the fabric of our undergraduate Science and Technology curricula. High level skills, such as problem solving, reasoning, collaboration and the ability to engage in research, are learned for advanced study in graduate school or for competing for well paying positions in the scientific community. One goal of our academic programs is to have a pipeline of research activities from high school to four year college, to graduate school, based on the GISS Institute on Climate and Planets model.

Hope, W. W.; Johnson, L. P.; Obl, W.; Stewart, A.; Harris, W. C.; Craig, R. D.

2000-01-01

412

A Cross-College Age Study of Science and Nonscience Students' Conceptions of Basic Astronomy Concepts in Preservice Training for High-School Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reports the results of a a questionaire that was given to 433 students in college preservice training for future high school teachers. Results indicated that science and nonscience majors held a series of misconceptions on several central topics in basic astronomy.

Trumper, Ricardo

2006-07-17

413

A Model for Planning and Evaluation of Aspects of Education for Sustainability for Students Training to Teach Science in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students training to become teachers of science to children aged between 7 to 11 years used principles of reflective practice linked to participatory approaches in their curriculum planning and evaluation. A central part of the work was to enable them to introduce aspects of education for sustainability to their pupils. Students first undertook a…

Gayford, Chris

2004-01-01

414

Types of "Teachers in Training": The Reactions of Primary School Science Teachers when Confronted with the Task of Implementing an Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the reaction of a group of Israeli primary school science teachers when confronted with the task of implementing an innovation. The innovation was introduced by means of a computer-mediated-communication in-service training program. The main tools of evaluation of the changes in the adoption of the…

Bitan-Friedlander, Naomi; Dreyfus, Amos; Milgrom, Zachi

2004-01-01

415

Chemistry for the Life Sciences. An Instructor Resource Guide. Appendix to a Final Report on the Paraprofessional Rurally Oriented Family Home Health Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's resource guide, one in a series of products from a project to develop an associate degree program for paraprofessional rural family health promoters, deals with teaching chemistry for the life sciences. Covered in the first section of the volume are the role of chemistry in rural health promotional training, general objectives…

Odom, H. Clyde; Myer, Donna Foster

416

Implementing SPRINTT [Student Polar Research with IPY National(and International)Teacher Training] in 5th Grade Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I implemented the new NSF-funded SPRINTT (Student Polar Research with IPY National (and International) Teacher Training) curriculum with a 5th grade science class. SPRINTT, developed at U.S. Satellite Laboratory, Inc., is a 5-8 week science program teaching 5th through 10th graders to investigate climate change using polar data. The program includes perspectives of both Western scientists and the indigenous Northern population. The course contains three phases: Phase 1 includes content, data interpretation, and hands-on experiments to study Frozen Water, Frozen Land, and Food; Phase 2 (optional) includes further content on specific polar topics; and Phase 3 is a scaffolded research investigation. Before the course, teachers were trained via live webinars. This curriculum capitalizes on children’s innate fascination with our planet’s final frontier and combines it with the politically and scientifically relevant topic of climate change. In 2009, I used SPRINTT with 23 heterogeneous fifth grade students at National Presbyterian School in Washington DC for an environmental science unit. Overall, it was a success. The students met most of the learning objectives and showed enthusiasm for the material. I share my experiences to help other educators and curriculum developers. The Phase 1 course includes earth science (glaciers, sea ice, weather and climate, greenhouse gases, seasons, and human impacts on environments), life science (needs of living things, food and energy transfer, adaptations, and ecosystems and biomes) and physical science (phases of matter). Tailoring the program, I focused on Phase 1, the most accessible material and content, while deemphasizing the more cumbersome Phase 3 online research project. Pre-assessments documented the students’ misconceptions and informed instruction. The investigations were appropriately educational and interesting. For example, students enjoyed looking at environmental factors and their impact on the people in the tale of “Mr. Gambell’s First Winter.” However, some of the online lessons and video clips were boring or presented technical difficulties. Otherwise, the lessons were paced appropriately, followed a coherent progression, and were sensibly organized into the themes of Frozen Water, Frozen Land, and Food. The three hands-on experiments in Phase 1 (melting ice, permafrost model, and looking at food’s origins) were effective. For example, when comparing ice blocks floating in water (sea ice model) or sitting on a rock above water (glacial ice model), students were eager to describe the shape of each block and competed to guess which ice would melt fastest. They took good notes on the procedure, documented their results and summarized a reasonable conclusion. These activities enlivened the curriculum and taught important lessons about experimental design, data collection, models, and classification. Using traditional knowledge as a formal tool for science is another intriguing component of the SPRINTT program. During Phase 3, the research investigation, students collaborated on a series of online authentic research activities (choosing from several high-interest options) then summarized their findings in a web-based formal report. I share the challenges and successes of using SPRINTT.

Glass, D. S.

2009-12-01

417

Framing Education for a Science of Social Work: Missions, Curriculum, and Doctoral Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work education has historically been grounded in professional practice but recent discussions have urged a reconsideration of social work as a science. Social work is progressively doing more intervention work, service systems research, implementation research, and translational research which are elevating research standards to new levels…

Fong, Rowena

2012-01-01

418

Experiencing Scientific Inquiry and Pedagogy: A Model for Inservice Training for Science Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate the effect on teachers and their students of a model of professional development that immerses teachers in scientific inquiry appropriate to their classrooms while modeling the use of reform-based pedagogical strategies for teaching science. The course was designed and team taught as a collaborative effort…

Radford, David L.; Ramsey, Linda L.

419

Maths and Science in the Foundry: Integral Components of Accredited Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A workplace literacy project involved complex math and science concepts and applications integral to foundry operations. It demonstrates that, despite lack of formal schooling or English proficiency, workers can learn complex concepts through practical experience and reflection, using their knowledge and skills with contextual cues. (SK)

Deakin, Rosemary

1995-01-01

420

Daytime urinary incontinence among kindergarten children in Aden Governorate, 2003.  

PubMed

Daytime urinary incontinence is an involuntary or intentional voiding of urine in an awake child who is old enough to have developed control, and has a variable prevalence throughout the world. In Yemen, data regarding this problem are almost absent. In this study from the capital city of Aden, we aimed to: (1) determine the prevalence of daytime incontinence in kindergarten children aged 4-6 years, (2) identify the relation between daytime enuresis with personal and family characteristics of the children studied, and (3) describe the severity and characteristics of daytime enuresis in the studied children. A cross-sectional comparative study was undertaken in all kindergarten children aged 4-6 years in Aden Governorate and 1061 responded. Data were obtained by using a precoded self-administered questionnaire completed by the parents. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: personal and family characteristics of the studied children and the presence of daytime incontinence. The second part was responded if there was history of daytime incontinence, and contained information on the severity and possible associated factors. Daytime incontinence was encountered in 34 cases (3.2%); 18 were females. Significant differences between cases and incontinence-free children were encountered in birth order and type of kindergarten (P < 0.05). Majority (85.3%) had severe form of daytime incontinence. Bed wetting and combined day and night wetting were more frequent among males, whereas urinary symptoms (urgency, squatting, dysuria, dribbling) were more frequent among females. Working mother and frightening and emotionally stressful events in the 6 months preceding the study were significantly associated with daytime incontinence, while parents' education, punishment for daytime incontinence, and the presence of family history of incontinence were insignificant. In conclusion, this is the first study from Yemen reporting the prevalence of enuresis, similar to previous reports. Further studies are needed to explore this problem in our region to end the misery of the child and the family. PMID:21060179

Yousef, Khalida Anwer; Basaleem, Huda Omer; Al-Sakkaf, Khaled Abdulla Zain

2010-11-01

421

Energy Education Resources: Kindergarten Through 12th Grade  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"_Energy Education Resources: Kindergarten Through 12th Grade_ is published by the National Energy Information Center (NEIC), a service of the Energy Information Administration (EIA), to provide students, educators, and other information users a list of generally available free or low-cost energy-related educational materials." The website is divided into 12 energy categories such as coal, environment, petroleum, renewable energy, and water. Each entry, listed alphabetically within its energy category, contains a summary of the organization, including its potential fees, its contact information, and a weblink and email address when applicable. While the Web version allows for quick navigation through the materials, individuals can also download the entire text.

422

Search for radon sources in buildings--kindergartens.  

PubMed

In ten high radon level kindergartens, radon sources were sought by applying a combination of several radon measuring techniques: etched track detectors to obtain average indoor air radon concentration, continuous devices to record radon concentration and see its diurnal variation, and alpha scintillation cells to determine radon concentration in the air entering a room from cracks, holes and sinks in the floor and from under-floor channels. In three cases, a strong local radon source was identified while, in the others, the bad quality of the basic concrete slab was responsible for the high indoor radon concentration. PMID:14689998

Vaupotic, J

2002-01-01

423

Geochemistry of topsoil in kindergarten playgrounds in Zagreb, Croatia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geochemical mapping based on analysis of urban topsoil (0-5 cm) and deeper soil horizons (40-50 cm) in kindergarten playgrounds has been carried out in Zagreb. In two geochemical studies performed by sampling on a regular grids (1x1 km2) it was determined that the soils in the Old Town and industrial area have elevated concentrations of heavy metals (Pb, Hg, Zn). The high soil heavy metal concentrations are decreasing toward the outer parts of the city, similar to patterns observed in many other cities in Europe. Since the youngest children are exposed to topsoil in playgrounds, an evaluation of heavy metal pollution for 150 kindergarten and 50 public playground topsoil was made. During the study aqua regia (ISO 11464) soil extracts were analyzed for 42 major and trace elements. Urban soil pollution in each city is specific depending on pollution sources and the geochemical signature of the local lithology. Based on the calculated enrichment factors for heavy metals and the regional geochemical baseline values for northwestern Croatia the following elements were found in concentrations that can be attributed to pollution: Pb, Hg, Zn, Cu. Also elevated concentrations Sb, Ag, Zn and Cd at some of the locations indicate anthropogenic influences. Other elements considered as potentially toxic (As, Cr, Ni, Co, Mo, Tl) have concentrations within the established regional soil baselines and can be considered as lithogenic. Guidance values for heavy metals in soils for kindergarten playground soils have not been established in Croatia so the quality criteria for soils in playgrounds of Norwegian Institute of Public Health were used as well as calculated enrichment factors were used to evaluate the degree of soil pollution. It was determined that based on the composite soil data 21 locations should be assessed with follow up studies to determine the need for remediation. In Zagreb, only 5 of the 64 kindergartens sampled had an elevated dust lead level. Paint chips taken from metal playing equipment in the playgrounds had paint lead levels that exceeded the standard for lead in paint of 5.000 mg/kg in 80% of the analyzed samples. This is probably due the presence of undercoats of lead paint applied in previous decades (most of the equipment contains numerous paint layers) and a study using lead isotopes, sequential extractions of playground soil is been conducted to determine possible sources and bioavailability of potentially toxic elements.

Šparica Miko, M.; Miko, S.; Hasan, O.; Mesi?, S.; Bukovec, D.; Hruškova, M.

2009-04-01

424

Energy education resources: Kindergarten through 12th grade  

SciTech Connect

Energy Education Resources: Kindergarten Through 12th Grade is published by the National Energy Information Center (NEIC) a service of the Energy Information Administration (EIA), to provide students, educators, and other information users, a list of generally available free or low-cost energy-related educational materials. Each entry includes the address, telephone number, and description of the organization and the energy-related materials available. Most of the entries also include Internet (Web) and electronic mail (E-Mail) addresses. Each entry is followed by a number, which is referenced in the subject index in the back of this book.

NONE

1998-09-01

425

Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children--2001 (Books published in 2000)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The books that appear in this annotated bibliography were selected as outstanding children's science trade books published in 2000. They are intended primarily for kindergarten through eighth grade. They were selected by members of a book review panel app

2001-03-01

426

Introduction of a cultural training experience into interdisciplinary health science education program.  

PubMed

In the 21st century the U.S. will have an increasingly diverse population, challenging healthcare communities to deliver culturally sensitive services. Healthcare professionals must be culturally competent to address the needs of this changing population. While education can assist health professional students to attain progressively higher levels of cultural competence, delivering this education must rely heavily on field experiences or engagement to help students simultaneously learn and apply culturally sensitive skills. The implementation of a cultural sensitivity training experience in an interdisciplinary curriculum and the use of the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence are discussed in the assessment of the case study write-up for cultural sensitivity and awareness. Overall, students gained a greater understanding of patient's cultural background and a willingness to incorporate cultural issues into their health assessments as a result of the cultural experience. PMID:20539922

Sasnett, Bonita; Royal, Patricia D; Ross, Thomas

2010-01-01

427

Resistance training and youth  

E-print Network

Pediatric Exercise Science. 1989. 1. 336-350 Resistance Training and Youth William J. Kraemer, Andrew C. Fry, Peter N. Frykman, Brian Conroy, and Jay Hoffman The use of resistance training for children has increased in popularity and interest... Sciences, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269. P.N. Frykman is presently with the Exercise Physiology Division, USARIEM, Natick, MA 01760. 336 Resistance Training and Youth — 337 Concomitant with the increased popular interest and scientific...

Kraemer, William J.; Fry, Andrew C.; Frykman, Peter N.; Conroy, Brian; Hoffman, Jay

1989-01-01

428

Delivering bioinformatics training: bridging the gaps between computer science and biomedicine.  

PubMed Central

Biomedical researchers have always sought innovative methodologies to elucidate the underlying biology in their experimental models. As the pace of research has increased with new technologies that 'scale-up' these experiments, researchers have developed acute needs for the information technologies which assist them in managing and processing their experiments and results into useful data analyses that support scientific discovery. The application of information technology to support this discovery process is often called bioinformatics. We have observed a 'gap' in the training of those individuals who traditionally aid in the delivery of information technology at the level of the end-user (e.g. a systems analyst working with a biomedical researcher) which can negatively impact the successful application of technological solutions to biomedical research problems. In this paper we describe the roots and branches of bioinformatics to illustrate a range of applications and technologies that it encompasses. We then propose a taxonomy of bioinformatics as a framework for the identification of skills employed in the field. The taxonomy can be used to assess a set of skills required by a student to traverse this hierarchy from one area to another. We then describe a curriculum that attempts to deliver the identified skills to a broad audience of participants, and describe our experiences with the curriculum to show how it can help bridge the 'gap'. PMID:12463819

Dubay, Christopher; Brundege, James M.; Hersh, William; Spackman, Kent

2002-01-01

429

Institute for Scientific and Educational Technology (ISET)-Education, Research and Training Programs in Engineering and Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 'Institute for Scientific and Educational Technology' has been established to provide a mechanism through which universities and other research organizations may cooperate with one another and with different government agencies and industrial organizations to further and promote research, education, and training programs in science, engineering, and related fields. This effort has been undertaken consistent with the national vision to 'promote excellence in America s educational system through enhancing and expanding scientific and technological competence.' The specific programs are directed in promoting and achieving excellence for individuals at all levels (elementary and secondary schools, undergraduate and graduate education, and postdoctoral and faculty research). The program is consistent with the existing activities of the Institute for Computational and Applied Mechanics (ICAM) and the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The efforts will be directed to embark on other research, education, and training activities in various fields of engineering, scientific, and educational technologies. The specific objectives of the present program may be outlined briefly as follows: 1) Cooperate in the various research, education, and technology programs of the Office of Education at LaRC. 2) Develop procedures for interactions between precollege, college, and graduate students, and between faculty and students at all levels. 3) Direct efforts to increase the participation by women and minorities in educational programs at all levels. 4) Enhance existing activities of ICAM and ASEE in education, research, and training of graduate students and faculty. 5) Invite distinguished scholars as appropriate and consistent with ISET goals to spend their summers and/or sabbaticals at NASA Langley andor ODU and interact with different researchers and graduate students. Perform research and administrative activities as needed to carry out the above mentioned activities. 6) The implementation of various activities of the ISET programs is carried out through cooperative efforts between Old Dominion University (ODU) and the Office of Education at LaRC. At present, major efforts are directed on the following ISET Programs: ICAM Programs, Academic Programs, Educational Research, Outreach Programs, Educational Technology and Cooperative Programs. These programs are described in the following sections.

Tiwari, S. N. (Principal Investigator); Massenberg, Samuel E. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

430

History of Winter (HOW): A Field Science Teacher as Scientist (TAS) Training Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Each year the NASA (Goddard )History of Winter (HOW) program allows teachers to understand the consequences of one segment of the orbit of the tilted earth in its path around the sun. Scientists from NASA, CRREL, and Michigan Tech, supported by the Whiteface Observatory, and the science program at Northwood School in Lake Placid, New York use the weather and the stratigraphy in the ice and snow, that are the consequences of the weather changes, as "teachers" in a team study of the winter record. Snow in the air and on the ground, ice, its crystal structure and axial orientation, and the ecosystem consequences of snow and ice constitute the weeklong content package. Teacher Professional Development Standards A, B, C, and D were the guiding principles in developing HOW. The content structure was formulated as sets of protocols that could serve as inserts into lesson plans and inquiry guidelines. The concept of HOW within NASA is to provide understanding of the "WHY?" and "WHAT?" of satellite remote sensing. The content is appropriate ground validation. Techniques presented in protocols are identical to those used by professionals who study snow pits, evaluate features in snow metamorphism, and study thin sections of ice cores drilled in ice caps and glaciers. Tools that are used, such as the I-button thermochron, polarizer sheets, and density tubes are taken back to the schools to be used throughout the year in a variety of ways that are described in the weeklong HOW event. The HOW Teacher as Scientist (TAS) model is a flexible model. HOW enables teachers who are required to use inquiry-based facilitation in the classroom to experience inquiry themselves. Teachers with little science content background as well as those with Science degrees have participated in HOW with accommodations for differentiation of instruction so that each group leaves with a mastery of the content that is appropriate for the transition to presentation in the classroom. Each year builds on the previous year ensuring a time series record of the history of winter-by itself a learning experience. http://www.blueiceonline.org http://www.historyofwinter.org

Wasilewski, P. J.; Gabrys, R.; Bender, K.

2004-12-01

431

K-6 Science Curriculum Guide. Bulletin 1613.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, developed to establish statewide curriculum standards for the Louisiana Competency-based Education Program, encompasses those standards that must be included in the elementary school (kindergarten to grade 6) science program. It consists of: (1) a rationale for an effective elementary school science program; (2) a list and…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Academic Programs.

432

K-4 Earth Science Modules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Classroom of the Future (COTF) website focuses on Earth science for kindergarten through 4th grade students. Topics covered include biomes (forest, desert, grassland, aquatic, tundra, chapparal), weather (seasons and climate), remote sensing (sonar and radar), and the Earth system (spheres and cycles). A teacher's section contains online and hands-on activities, and topic overviews.

433

Science: Grade 7. Interim Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is one of a set of 10 science guides, each covering a separate grade in Manitoba, together covering kindergarten through grade 9. The guides have been designed to provide a framework for building scientific concepts and developing the learning of process skills. They replace an earlier set of guides dated 1979. Each guide is essentially…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

434

Exploring Constructions of the Meanings of Play among Korean Preservice Kindergarten Teachers  

E-print Network

theoretically advocated for the pedagogy of learning through play, just as they were taught in the teacher education program. However, Korean preservice kindergarten teachers did not agree with the practical effect of play on children's learning. Korean...

Ahn, Soo Young

2010-01-16

435

Constructing Literacy in the Kindergarten: Task Structure, Collaboration, and Motivation  

PubMed Central

This ethnographic study explores kindergarten children’s emergent motivation to read and write, its relation to their developing concepts of reading and writing (Guice & Johnston, 1994; Johnston, 1997; Turner, 1995), and to their teachers instructional goals and classroom norms. Teachers and students together constructed legitimate literate activity in their classrooms, and this construction framed the motivation of students who were at risk for developing learning disabilities in reading and writing. Specifically, the kinds of reading and writing activity that were sanctioned in each class and the role of student–student collaboration colored students’ views of the purposes of literacy and their own ability to learn. Findings extend our understanding of how young children’s literacy motivation influences, and is influenced by, their classroom literacy culture. Implications for early literacy instruction for children with learning disabilities, and for their continuing motivation to read and write, are discussed. PMID:19727336

Nolen, Susan Bobbitt

2009-01-01

436

Measurement of indoor radon concentration in kindergartens in Sofia, Bulgaria.  

PubMed

As a part of the systematic survey of indoor radon in Bulgaria, the indoor radon concentration was measured in 296 kindergarten buildings of Sofia city during 3 months (February to April 2013) using the CR-39 nuclear tract detectors. In 256 buildings at least two frequently occupied rooms (mainly playrooms) were observed. Altogether, 922 measurements were performed. The frequency distribution was well described by the lognormal function. The measured radon concentrations range between 9 and 1415 Bq m(-3) with a geometric mean of 101 Bq m(-3) (2.08) and an arithmetic mean 132 Bq m(-3) with a standard deviation of 118 Bq m(-3). The radon concentrations obtained in this survey were compared with that in Sofia city dwellings obtained from a previous study. A detailed statistical analysis of the building factors was presented. PMID:25080437

Ivanova, Kremena; Stojanovska, Zdenka; Tsenova, Martina; Badulin, Viktor; Kunovska, Bistra

2014-11-01

437

Quality and Characteristics of the North Carolina Pre-Kindergarten Program: 2011-2012 Statewide Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The North Carolina Pre-Kindergarten Program (NC Pre-K) is a state-funded initiative for at-risk 4-year-olds, designed to provide a high quality, classroom-based educational program during the year prior to kindergarten entry. Children are eligible for NC Pre-K based on age, family income (at or below 75% of state median income), and other risk…

Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen; Schaaf, Jennifer; Hildebrandt, Lisa; LaForett, Dore

2013-01-01

438

Being taught to learn together: an ethnographic study of the curriculum in two Chinese kindergartens  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the findings of a pilot study which adopted an ethnographic approach to investigate the cultural features of the Chinese kindergarten curriculum by means of ‘semi?participant’ observations, semi?structured interviews, daily conversations and open?ended questionnaires in two Chinese kindergartens. The paper first introduces the debate over teaching and learning in the early years in Western contexts. It then demonstrates

Fengling Tang; Shirley Maxwell

2007-01-01

439

Effects of training in the responsible conduct of research: A survey of graduate students in experimental sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, programs for training in research ethics have become widespread, but very little has been done to assess\\u000a the effectiveness of this training. Because initial studies have failed to demonstrate a positive impact of research ethics\\u000a training, this project defined two new outcome variables to be tested in a sample of graduate students at the University of\\u000a California,

Michael Kalichman; Sarah Brown

1998-01-01

440

SUMMER TRAINING REPORT KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM &  

E-print Network

SUMMER TRAINING REPORT KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS COLLEGE OF SCIENCE ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT Summer Training Report by Ahmed ALgahtani 200651040 Advisor Dr. Ahmed Yamani #12;SUMMER TRAINING REPORT INTRODUCTION: The college of science engineering gives a chance

Al-Ghadhban, Samir

441

Training the Next Generation of Teaching Professors: A Comparative Study of Ph.D. Programs in Political Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we investigate the graduate curricula of political science programs and 122 Ph.D.-granting political science programs in the United States and how they seek to prepare political science teachers. We first investigate whether the department offers a dedicated political science course at the graduate level on college teaching, and…

Ishiyama, John; Miles, Tom; Balarezo, Christine

2010-01-01

442

Epidemiological urinalysis of children from kindergartens of Can Gio, Ho Chi Minh City - Vietnam  

PubMed Central

Background Recent studies on Vietnamese children have shown that kidney diseases are not detected early enough to prevent chronic renal failure. The dipstick test is a simple and useful tool for detecting urinary abnormalities, especially in isolated or remote areas of Vietnam, where children have limited access to health care. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011 at seven kindergartens in Can Gio district, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Two thousand and twelve children, aged 3 to 5, were enrolled. Morning mid-stream urine samples were examined by dipstick. Children with abnormal findings were re-examined with a second dipstick and underwent further investigations. Results Urinalysis was available for 1,032 boys and 980 girls. Mean age was 4.4?±?0.8 years. Urinary abnormalities were detected in 108 (5.5%) of the subjects. Among them, nitrituria and leucocyturia accounted for more than 50%. Positive fractions of proteinuria, hematuria, nitrituria, leucocyturia, and combined nitrituria and leucocyturia after two dipsticks were 0.1%, 0.1%, 2%, 1% and 0.3%, respectively. Abnormal findings were more common in girls than boys (p?Training for dipstick usage for all medical staff at health stations, especially in remote areas and in places with very low population density, is also clearly necessary. Routine urinalysis can be set up if a close control is conducted at locations. PMID:24206763

2013-01-01

443

The Fate of Ten Scientist-Science Educator Teams Three Years After Participation in a Leadership Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten two-person teams made up the primary target population for the Leadership Training Program (LTP) described in this report. The back home activities of the team members were studied for nearly three years following the LTP. A brief resume of the design and conduct of the LTP is given. Training of the college teams took three weeks and included…

Rowe, Mary Budd

444

Tribal Training -- Sediment Devices  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS Research Hydrologist Art Horowitz and USGS Oklahoma Water Science Center Hydrologic Technician Ernie Smith describe streambed sediment collection devices for a Tribal training class at the Canadian River, Norman, Oklahoma....

445

Comparing Cultural Differences in Two Quality Measures in Chinese Kindergartens: The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised and the Kindergarten Quality Rating System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the degrees of congruence between two early childhood evaluation systems on various quality concepts: the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) and Zhejiang's Kindergarten Quality Rating System (KQRS). Analysis of variance and post hoc least significant difference tests were employed to show the extent…

Hu, Bi Ying

2015-01-01

446

Writing in Kindergarten Classrooms: A Report of an Experimental Study of the Effects of Independent Writing Time and Exposure to a Writing Role Model on Selected Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined whether there were any differences in the concepts about print, writing vocabulary, and prereading performance of selected kindergarten children who were provided with (1) independent writing time and exposure to a writing model in the school environment, (2) independent writing time without the writing role model, and (3) neither…

Holmes, Julia Goolsby

447

Yo, Ciudadano: Un Curriculo de Experiencias para Educacion Civica. Nivel: Kindergarten (Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: Kindergarten).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing social studies curriculum at the kindergarten level. Consisting of 11 lessons, the guide, written in Spanish, introduces the meaning of rules,…

Vardeman, Lou

448

The Effect of Activity with E-Book on Vocabulary and Story Comprehension: A Comparison between Kindergarteners at Risk of Learning Disabilities and Typically Developing Kindergarteners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effectiveness of e-book activity for vocabulary acquisition and story comprehension among kindergarteners at risk for learning disabilities (LD) as opposed to typically developing (TD) children. Participants included 136 children aged between five and seven (M = 71.2; SD = 5.64, in months),…

Shamir, Adina; Korat, Ofra; Shlafer, Inessa

2011-01-01

449

Can Trains Really Float?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Have you ever heard of a Maglev train? Who would be crazy enough to think that exploring how a high-tech train little known in the United States works with a group of fourth-grade students would yield understandings about the properties of magnetism, force and motion, and inquiry science? Fortunately, the authors--a college methods professor and…

McCartney, Robin Ward; Deroche, Sarah; Pontiff, Danielle

2008-01-01

450

Effect of Increasing Allocated and Engaged Instructional Time on the Achievement of High Risk Kindergarten Students: An Evaluation of the Chapter I Extended Time Kindergarten Project, 1982-83 and Technical Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 96 students identified as academically at risk were selected to participate in an extended-day kindergarten program featuring small class size and a whole-language approach to the curriculum and learning. High-risk students attended regular morning kindergarten classes as well as the extended-day sessions; comparison students attended…

Slaughter, Helen B.; Powers, Stephen

451

Effectiveness of a Program to Accelerate Vocabulary Development in Kindergarten (VOCAB): First Grade Follow-Up Impact Report and Exploratory Analyses of Kindergarten Impacts. Final Report. NCEE 2012-4009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the first randomized study of the impacts of the vocabulary instruction program Kindergarten PAVEd for Success (K-PAVE) (Hamilton and Schwanenflugel 2011) on low-income students in kindergarten and grade 1. The study has two components. The first component is a test of the impacts of one year of the K-PAVE vocabulary instruction in…

Goodson, Barbara; Wolf, Anne; Bell, Steve; Turner, Herb; Finney, Pamela B.

2011-01-01

452

Compliance from kindergarten to college: A speculative research note.  

PubMed

Focused on children's developing ideas of rule, justice, and compliance, interview data from 115 subjects in kindergarten through college are used to reconstruct the jurisprudence-or legal value system-of youth. This investigation of normal legal reasoning (1) clarifies changing conceptions of roles vis-à-vis rule systems and (2) assesses the products and potential of legal socialization. Developmentally, youth see rules guarding against disorder and functioning as more prospective than coercive, prescriptive than prohibitive, beneficial than punitive, and dynamic than sacred. Parallel changes emerge in defining role relationships. By their own assessment, youth's perceptions are guided by a law-and-order frame, although they recognize that purpose and principle should determine compliance. For most, neither absolutist positions nor authoritative fiats insure justice. Optimally, justice is guaranteed through equality, rationality, consensus, and human rights. Only a modest number, however, accept that they can internalize these principles and, in judging the system by them, not be obligated to obey an unfair rule. While youth have the capacity for legal reasoning consistent with principles of major jurisprudents, to attain such ethical legality, socializing agents must define new goals, appraise old values, and create conducive contexts. PMID:24415333

Tapp, J L; Levine, F J

1972-11-01

453

Dialogue on Early Childhood Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators, scholars, and researchers in the United States convened at the Forum on Early Childhood Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education to discuss how, when, and even if science, mathematics, and technology should be taught to pre-kindergarten children. The product of that forum, this book summarizes some of the latest thinking about…

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.

454

Inquiry Science: The Gateway to English Language Proficiency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a 4-year project that developed and implemented a blended inquiry science and English Language Development (ELD) program in a large urban California school district. The sample included over 2,000 students in Kindergarten through 5th grade. Participating students' English and science achievement was compared…

Zwiep, Susan Gomez; Straits, William J.

2013-01-01

455

New K-12 Science Education Standards May Face Implementation Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kindergarten is not just a place to learn letters and numbers, practice finger painting, and listen to story time. If a new set of national science standards is adopted, it will also be the start of a carefully planned effort to engage students in science-based activities throughout their K-12 academic careers.

Kumar, Mohi

2013-04-01

456

Effects of Teacher Credentials, Coursework, and Certification on Student Achievement in Math and Reading in Kindergarten: An ECLS-K Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the strong correlation between Kindergarten performance and later cognitive and achievement outcomes, this paper investigates the link between student achievement and the educational background characteristics of Kindergarten teachers. This study will utilize the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), a…

Leak, James A.; Farkas, George

2011-01-01

457

Profiles of Child Developmental Dimensions in Kindergarten and the Prediction of Achievement in the First and Second Grades of Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A successful transition from kindergarten to 1st grade requires a positive combination of multiple dimensions of child competence. Using latent class analysis, we simultaneously examined the academic skills, work attitude, and social/behavioral competence of a large sample of Dutch kindergarten children to identify profiles of kindergarten

Mascareño, Mayra; Doolaard, Simone; Bosker, Roel J.

2014-01-01

458

Preparing Preservice Teachers for Success in NCLB's Kindergartens: Learning from Experienced Teachers' Strategies for Managing Professional Relationships with Colleagues and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kindergarten has undergone dramatic changes since the implementation of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in 2002. The literature on the challenges facing kindergarten teachers as a result of NCLB focuses primarily on curricular and instructional issues; little attention has been paid to NCLB's impact on the relational aspects of kindergarten teaching,…

Goldstein, Lisa S.

2008-01-01

459

25 CFR 39.1101 - Addition of pre-kindergarten as a weight factor to the Indian School Equalization Formula in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Addition of pre-kindergarten as a weight factor to the Indian... THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Pre-kindergarten Programs § 39.1101 Addition of pre-kindergarten as a weight factor to the...

2010-04-01

460

Teachers' Views on Organizational and Pedagogical Approaches to Early Bilingual Education: A Case Study of Bilingual Kindergartens in Germany and Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article focuses on bilingual kindergartens in Germany and Israel offering education in both host (German or Hebrew) and immigrant (Russian) languages. The main questions are how teachers of bilingual kindergartens understand and explain the organizational and pedagogical principles of the kindergartens and how they negotiate home and host…

Moin, Victor; Breitkopf, Anna; Schwartz, Mila

2011-01-01

461

The Digestive System and Alcohol Use. Science of Alcohol Curriculum for American Indians. Training Unit [and] Participant Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science of Alcohol Curriculum for American Indians uses the Medicine Circle and the "new science paradigm" to study the science of alcohol through a culturally relevant holistic approach. Intended for teachers and other educational personnel involved with American Indians, this curriculum presents a framework for alcohol education that…

Jacobs, Cecelia; And Others

462

The Central Nervous System and Alcohol Use. Science of Alcohol Curriculum for American Indians. Training Unit [and] Participant Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science of Alcohol Curriculum for American Indians uses the Medicine Circle and the "new science paradigm" to study the science of alcohol through a culturally relevant holistic approach. Intended for teachers and other educational personnel involved with American Indians, this curriculum aims to present a framework for alcohol education that…

Jacobs, Cecelia; And Others

463

[Contribution of humanities and social sciences to the training of healthcare professionals in Africa: an experience in the context of the mother and child Priority Solidarity Fund].  

PubMed

The mother-and-child Priority Solidarity Fund is a programme supported by Coopération Française in the fields of health, higher education and new technologies. It aims to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of reducing maternal and infantile mortality. This programme, focused on the training of trainers, is developing two innovative plans: digital resources and the integration of the humanities and social sciences. This second aspect is decisive: by aligning content, skills, and needs, it can place greater emphasis on preventive care and give a real meaning to the work of trainers. PMID:24451432

Cauli, Marie

2013-01-01

464

Quality in Kindergarten Classrooms: Observational Evidence for the Need to Increase Children's Learning Opportunities in Early Education Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Using observational data gathered in 730 kindergarten classrooms in 6 states, the present study focuses on the quality of children's learning opportunities in kindergarten classrooms. Findings show that overall, children experience moderate to low levels of quality in the areas of classroom organization and instructional support…

La Paro, Karen M.; Hamre, Bridget K.; Locasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Pianta, Robert C.; Bryant, Donna; Early, Dianne; Clifford, Richard; Barbarin, Oscar; Howes, Carollee; Burchinal, Margaret

2009-01-01

465

Project Early Kindergarten-Early Reading First: Evaluation Report on the Third Year of a Saint Paul Public Schools Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Early Kindergarten-Early Reading First (PEK-ERF) is a partnership between Saint Paul Public Schools, Wilder Child Development Center, and Bethel University King Family Foundation Child Development Center. The program provides pre-kindergarten education to 3- and 4-year-olds in Saint Paul, and targets those who are low-income, English…

Gozali-Lee, Edith; Mueller, Dan

2009-01-01

466

Embracing Pedagogical Multiplicity: Examining Two Teachers' Instructional Responses to the Changing Expectations for Kindergarten in U.S. Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of kindergarten have been changing rapidly in the United States. Kindergarten teachers are facing many new demands; in addition to meeting children's needs across all developmental domains, they must also move their young students toward mastery of a variety of mandated academic skills. This article presents findings from a recent…

Goldstein, Lisa S.

2007-01-01

467

The Effects and Interactions of Student, Teacher, and Setting Variables on Reading Outcomes for Kindergarteners Receiving Supplemental Reading Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examined the influences of student, teacher, and setting characteristics on kindergarteners' early reading outcomes and investigated whether those relations were moderated by type of intervention. Participants included 206 kindergarteners identified as at risk for reading difficulties and randomly assigned to one of two…

Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Coyne, Michael D.; Kwok, Oi-man; Simmons, Deborah C.; Kim, Minjung; Simmons, Leslie E.; Skidmore, Susan T.; Hernandez, Caitlin L.; McSparran Ruby, Maureen

2013-01-01

468

The Perceived Significance of the Supervisor, the Assistant, and Parents for Career Development of Beginning Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas much research attention has been given to the induction stage of beginning schoolteachers worldwide, there is a limited knowledge base on the experiences of new kindergarten teachers at this stage, despite the different work tasks and contexts of both groups of teachers. Based on semi-structured interviews with 15 Israeli kindergarten

Oplatka, Izhar; Eizenberg, Mervar

2007-01-01

469

The Gifted Rating Scales-Preschool/Kindergarten Form: An Analysis of the Standardization Sample Based on Age, Gender, and Race  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on an analysis of the standardization sample of a rating scale designed to assist in identification of gifted students. The Gifted Rating Scales-Preschool/Kindergarten Form (GRS-P) is based on a multidimensional model of giftedness designed for preschool and kindergarten students. Results provide support for: the internal…

Pfeiffer, Steven I.; Petscher, Yaacov; Jarosewich, Tania

2007-01-01

470

Longitudinal Effects of Early Literacy Concepts on Reading Achievement: A Kindergarten Intervention and Five-Year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of a literacy intervention in kindergarten were measured using a control-group design. Three treatment groups were taught using beginning-reading booklets to complement the authorized language program. One group used the booklets at home; the second, both in school and at home; and the third, in school only. Data were gathered at the beginning of kindergarten and at the

Linda M. Phillips; Stephen P. Norris; Jana M. Mason

1996-01-01

471

The Effects of Continuous-Progress Technology Upon the Acquisition of Word-Attack Skills by Kindergarten Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the first-year effects of Project Instruct on the acquisition of word attack skills by kindergarten children. Evaluation of the project was conducted in schools which contained a relatively large number of children classified as disabled readers. Kindergarten children in five elementary schools experienced the instructional…

Towle, Thomas Oscar, Jr.

472

Effects of Teacher Efficacy on Student Academic and Social Emotional Achievements as Reported on Georgia Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in kindergarten are not meeting state standards on standardized academic and social/emotional scores in the southeastern United States. The focus of this study was to determine if a teacher's perceptions of self-efficacy affects student success in academic and social/emotional standards as reported on the Georgia Kindergarten of…

Brown, Tisha J.

2012-01-01

473

Data Files and Electronic Code Book: Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999. Revised. [CD-ROM].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K), Kindergarten Class of 1998-99, selected a nationally representative sample of approximately 22,000 kindergartners in the fall of 1998 and is following these children through the end of the fifth grade. Baseline data about these children, their families, and their kindergarten programs were collected…

National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.

474

The State and Level of Involvement among Jordanian Kindergarten Parents and Its Relationship to Teachers' Efforts of Outreach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored both the school- and home-based involvement practices of parents of children attending kindergarten in the city of Zarqa, Jordan. The study also examined the effect of some selected parental demographic variables (i.e. socioeconomic levels and levels of education) on parent involvement and the relationship between kindergarten

Fayez, Merfat; Sabah, Saed A.; Rudwan, Enaam Abu

2011-01-01

475

Mind What Teachers Say: Kindergarten Teachers' Use of Mental State Language during Picture Story Narration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study focuses on the mental state language kindergarten teachers use when narrating picture stories. The aims were to examine (a) individual differences in the frequency with which kindergarten teachers use mental state terms, (b) the types of mental state terms (e.g., emotion, desire, belief terms) teachers use most frequently, and (c) the…

Misailidi, Plousia; Papoudi, Despina; Brouzos, Andreas

2013-01-01

476

The Effect of Perceptually Oriented Physical Education on Perceptual Motor Ability and Academic Ability of Kindergarten and First Grade Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of a perceptually oriented physical education program (PPE) on perceptual-motor ability and academic ability were studied using kindergarten and first-grade children. The four groups of kindergarten children varied the number of periods of PPE per week which then met--0, 1, 2, and 3 times per week. The four groups of first-grade…

Davis, Robert G.

477

The Effects of CD-ROM Storybook Reading on Low SES Kindergarteners' Emergent Literacy as a Function of Learning Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated the effects of a highly rated commercial electronic book (e-book) for young children on kindergarteners' emergent literacy skills within the context of paired peer versus individual use of the e-book. The sample of 110 kindergarteners had a mean age of 5.64 years and approximately equal numbers of boys and girls, randomly chosen…

Shamir, Adina; Korat, Ofra; Barbi, Nili

2008-01-01

478

Are Teachers' Education, Major, and Credentials Related to Classroom Quality and Children's Academic Gains in Pre-Kindergarten?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, few studies of state-funded pre-kindergarten have fully addressed questions about the association between teachers' education, major, and credentials with classroom quality or children's academic gains. The current paper uses data from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's (NCEDL) Multi-State Study of Pre-Kindergarten,…

Early, Diane M.; Bryant, Donna M.; Pianta, Robert C.; Clifford, Richard M.; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Ritchie, Sharon; Howes, Carollee; Barbarin, Oscar

2006-01-01

479

Fwd: Half Empty or Half Full? Florida's Voluntary Pre-Kindergarten Standards. Volume: 2, Number: 1. Arresting Insights in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, when its voters approved a ballot measure calling for universal pre- Kindergarten by 2005-06, Florida joined a handful of states in which all children are eligible for free, publicly funded education in the year prior to Kindergarten. The passage of the referendum--which received more votes than Governor Jeb Bush garnered in his victory…

Wilkins, Amy

2005-01-01

480

Assessment Data-Informed Guidance to Individualize Kindergarten Reading Instruction: Findings from a Cluster-Randomized Control Field Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this cluster-randomized control field trial was to examine whether kindergarten teachers could learn to differentiate classroom reading instruction using Individualized Student Instruction for Kindergarten (ISI-K) and to test the efficacy of differentiation on reading outcomes. The study involved 14 schools, 23 ISI-K (n = 305…

Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Connor, Carol M.; Folsom, Jessica S.; Greulich, Luana; Meadows, Jane; Li, Zhi

2011-01-01

481

Don't Fret, Be Supportive! Maternal Characteristics Linking Child Shyness to Psychosocial and School Adjustment in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to explore the moderating role of maternal personality and parenting characteristics in the links between shyness and adjustment in kindergarten. Participants were 197 children enrolled in kindergarten programs (and their mothers and teachers). Multisource assessment was employed, including maternal ratings, behavioral…

Coplan, Robert J.; Arbeau, Kimberley A.; Armer, Mandana

2008-01-01

482

Paradise Valley Unified School District Curriculum Research Study: Part 2. A Cognitive Start in Kindergarten Theory-Research Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Piagetian framework is provided for understanding patterns of cognitive growth and their relation to early reading achievement among kindergarten children. Reference is made to relevant research, including recent Piagetian interpretations of prereading, language, and logical thinking. Instructional strategies are offered to guide kindergarten

Raph, Jane B.

483

Applying MacKinnon's 4Ps to Foster Creative Thinking and Creative Behaviours in Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify certain strategies and conditions that should be used by teachers in kindergarten so as to foster creative thinking and creative behaviours to children. We used a quasi-experimental research design for 6 months in a public kindergarten in a suburban area of Greece, and we developed a creative music and…

Riga, Vassiliki; Chronopoulou, Elena

2014-01-01

484

Technical Adequacy of Early Numeracy Curriculum-Based Progress Monitoring Measures for Kindergarten and First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine six early numeracy measures used to monitor the mathematics progress of kindergarten and first-grade students. Seventy-one kindergarten students and 75 first-grade students were administered the measures each week. Delayed-alternate form reliability was adequate for instructional decision making on some…

Hampton, David D.; Lembke, Erica S.; Lee, Young-Sun; Pappas, Sandra; Chiong, Cynthia; Ginsburg, Herbert P.

2012-01-01

485

Science Activities Manual K - 8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Tennessee at Martin provides hands-on science materials in order to "bring students physically and mentally into touch with the science they are studying." This website offers many lesson plans for grades kindergarten through eighth in various science fields including physics, meteorology, geology, oceanography, and space science. Students can learn about the process of scientific research from observing to analyzing and explaining the data they collected. The website also covers topics in societal perspectives of and the unifying concepts of science. Each module is well organized into appropriate sections so that instructors can easily implement the activities into their classrooms.

486

Yes I Can! Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

York University's YES I Can! website was developed "to encourage interest and understanding of Science in the formal education system, and to foster a culture of scientifically literate, life-long learners." Teachers and students can search for lesson plans, labs, activities, background information and much more through the website's easy to use DataEngine. The innumerable materials cover a variety of science subjects including geology, chemistry, meteorology, and space science for kindergarten through twelfth grade. Users can also view the featured resource and can learn about real-time events.

487

Dance Dynamics--Dance Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five articles on dance dynamics and dance science focus on incorporating dance science into techniques class and performance training, the role of body therapies in dance training, psychological and nutritional concerns in dance, and training dancers and preventing injuries. (JD)

Dunn, Jan, Ed.

1990-01-01

488

Atlas of Science Literacy, Volume 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ompleting the work begun in the first volume of the popular Atlas of Science Literacy, the new Atlas 2 maps out what all students should learn as they move from kindergarten through 12th grade. Atlas 2 features all new maps for more than 40 essential topics such as: ? Science and Society ? Global Interdependence ? The Nature of Mathematics ? Health Technology ? Technology and Science ? Reasoning ? Weather and Climate ? Explaining Evolution ? Diversity of Life ? Patterns of Change ? Human Development ? Critical Response Skills

2007-05-01

489

Ciencia: Nivel A (Science: Level A).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher's manual was developed for an elementary level science course in Spanish as part of an immersion program for English speaking children. The Level A manual is designed for kindergarten and grade 1 pupils. The five units cover the basic concepts of the weather, colors, animals, plants, and the five senses. Each unit includes vocabulary,…

Duron, Dolores; And Others

490

Fostering At-Risk Kindergarten Children's Number Sense  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 9-month training experiment evaluated whether computer-assisted discovery learning of arithmetic regularities can facilitate kindergartners' fluency with the easiest sums. After a pretest, kindergartners with at least one risk factor (n = 28) were randomly assigned to either a structured add-0/1 training condition, which focused on recognizing…

Baroody, Arthur J.; Eiland, Michael D.; Purpura, David J.; Reid, Erin E.

2012-01-01

491

Chinese and Australian Year 3 Children's Conceptual Understanding of Science: A Multiple Comparative Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children have formal science instruction from kindergarten in Australia and from Year 3 in China. The purpose of this research was to explore the impact that different approaches to primary science curricula in China and Australia have on children's conceptual understanding of science. Participants were Year 3 children from three schools of high,…

Tao, Ying; Oliver, Mary Colette; Venville, Grady Jane

2012-01-01

492

Long-term benefits of full-day kindergarten: a longitudinal population-based study  

PubMed Central

In the first longitudinal, population-based study of full-day kindergarten (FDK) outcomes beyond primary school in Canada, we used linked administrative data to follow 15 kindergarten cohorts (n ranging from 112 to 736) up to grade 9. Provincial assessments conducted in grades 3, 7, and 8 and course marks and credits earned in grade 9 were compared between FDK and half-day kindergarten (HDK) students in both targeted and universal FDK programmes. Propensity score matched cohort and stepped-wedge designs allowed for stronger causal inferences than previous research on FDK. We found limited long-term benefits of FDK, specific to the type of programme, outcomes examined, and subpopulations. FDK programmes targeted at low-income areas showed long-term improvements in numeracy for lower income girls. Our results suggest that expectations for wide-ranging long-term academic benefits of FDK are unwarranted.

Brownell, M.D.; Nickel, N.C.; Chateau, D.; Martens, P.J.; Taylor, C.; Crockett, L.; Katz, A.; Sarkar, J.; Burland, E.; Goh, C.Y.

2015-01-01

493

3, 285297, 2006 Optimising training  

E-print Network

HESSD 3, 285­297, 2006 Optimising training data for ANNs with Genetic Algorithms R. G. Kamp and H and Earth System Sciences Optimising training data for ANNs with Genetic Algorithms R. G. Kamp 1,2 and H. H­297, 2006 Optimising training data for ANNs with Genetic Algorithms R. G. Kamp and H. H. G. Savenije Title

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

494

Age of Entry to Kindergarten and Children’s Academic Achievement and Socioemotional Development  

PubMed Central

Research Findings Data on more than 900 children participating in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care were analyzed to examine the effect of age of entry to kindergarten on children’s functioning in early elementary school. Children’s academic achievement and socioemotional development were measured repeatedly from the age of 54 months through 3rd grade. With family background factors and experience in child care in the first 54 months of life controlled, hierarchical linear modeling (growth curve) analysis revealed that children who entered kindergarten at younger ages had higher (estimated) scores in kindergarten on the Woodcock-Johnson (W-J) Letter-Word Recognition subtest but received lower ratings from kindergarten teachers on Language and Literacy and Mathematical Thinking scales. Furthermore, children who entered kindergarten at older ages evinced greater increases over time on 4 W-J subtests (i.e., Letter-Word Recognition, Applied Problems, Memory for Sentences, Picture Vocabulary) and outperformed children who started kindergarten at younger ages on 2 W-J subtests in 3rd grade (i.e., Applied Problems, Picture Vocabulary). Age of entry proved unrelated to socioemotional functioning. Practice The fact that age-of-entry effects were small in magnitude and dwarfed by other aspects of children’s family and child care experiences suggests that age at starting school should not be regarded as a major determinant of children’s school achievement, but that it may merit consideration in context with other probably more important factors (e.g., child’s behavior and abilities). PMID:18084635

2007-01-01

495

Training the Brain: Practical Applications of Neural Plasticity From the Intersection of Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental Psychology, and Prevention Science  

PubMed Central

Prior researchers have shown that the brain has a remarkable ability for adapting to environmental changes. The positive effects of such neural plasticity include enhanced functioning in specific cognitive domains and shifts in cortical representation following naturally occurring cases of sensory deprivation; however, maladaptive changes in brain function and development owing to early developmental adversity and stress have also been well documented. Researchers examining enriched rearing environments in animals have revealed the potential for inducing positive brain plasticity effects and have helped to popularize methods for training the brain to reverse early brain deficits or to boost normal cognitive functioning. In this paper, two classes of empirically based methods of brain training in children are reviewed and critiqued: laboratory-based, mental process training paradigms and ecological interventions based upon neurocognitive conceptual models. Given the susceptibility of executive function disruption, special attention is paid to training programs that emphasize executive function enhancement. In addition, a third approach to brain training, aimed at tapping into compensatory processes, is postulated. Study results showing the effectiveness of this strategy in the field of neurorehabilitation and in terms of naturally occurring compensatory processing in human aging lend credence to the potential of this approach. PMID:21787037

Bryck, Richard L.; Fisher, Philip A.

2012-01-01

496

FORENSIC SCIENCE About Forensic Science  

E-print Network

Fact Sheet FORENSIC SCIENCE About Forensic Science: The Forensic Science program at SJSU offers: The SJSU Forensic Science program delivers coursework and training to · Empowergraduatestobecomeagentsofchangetorecognize, document and report errors and injustices in the practice of forensic science and crime scene

Su, Xiao

497

Scientists and the 3Rs: attitudes to animal use in biomedical research and the effect of mandatory training in laboratory animal science.  

PubMed

The 3Rs principle of replacement, reduction, and refinement has increasingly been endorsed by legislators and regulatory bodies as the best approach to tackle the ethical dilemma presented by animal experimentation in which the potential benefits for humans stand against the costs borne by the animals. Even when animal use is tightly regulated and supervised, the individual researcher's responsibility is still decisive in the implementation of the 3Rs. Training in laboratory animal science (LAS) aims to raise researchers' awareness and increase their knowledge, but its effect on scientists' attitudes and practice has not so far been systematically assessed. Participants (n?=?206) in eight LAS courses (following the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations category C recommendations) in Portugal were surveyed in a self-administered questionnaire during the course. Questions were related mainly to the 3Rs and their application, attitudes to animal use and the ethical review of animal experiments. One year later, all the respondents were asked to answer a similar questionnaire (57% response rate) with added self-evaluation questions on the impact of training. Our results suggest that the course is effective in promoting awareness and increasing knowledge of the 3Rs, particularly with regard to refinement. However, participation in the course did not change perceptions on the current and future needs for animal use in research. PMID:23940123

Franco, N H; Olsson, I A S

2014-01-01

498

Playing with Science: An Investigation of Young Children's Science Conceptions and Misconceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to investigate the conceptions and misconceptions of young children (ages 3-8) related to science concepts, skills, and phenomena. These conceptions and misconceptions were investigated within the framework of the Pennsylvania Early Learning Standards for Pre-Kindergarten and the Pennsylvania Standards for…

Smolleck, Lori; Hershberger, Vanessa

2011-01-01

499

Teaching Time and Organizational Management Skills to First Year Health Science Students: Does Training Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study reports on new research conducted to determine whether teaching time and organizational skills using a training package can improve these skills. The Abbreviated Time Management Indicator (ATMI) developed by Roberts et al. was used to assess time and organizational management skills. This scale consists of six dimensions, namely…

Adamson, Barbara; Covic, Tanya; Lincoln, Michelle

2004-01-01

500

Field evaluation of the Computer Science and Application's Inc. Activity monitor during running and skating training in adolescent athletes.  

PubMed

This study investigated the validity of the CSA activity monitor for assessment of the total amount of physical activity in adolescent athletes. Activity data were compared to data on daily energy expenditure and its derivatives measured by the doubly labeled water method. Seven athletes (speed skaters) with a mean age of 18.2+/-1.1 y were monitored twice (off-season and pre-season) by the activity monitor for eight consecutive days. The primary training during the off-season period was running whereas the pre-season period mainly involved skate training (i.e. inline skating, slideboard training, and skating imitations). Activity counts were significantly correlated to all energy estimates during the off-season period (r=0.93-0.96; P<0.01) whereas not during the pre-season period (r=0.32-0.57). A two-way multivariate analysis of variance showed a significant period effect for activity counts (668+/-163 vs. 548+/-91; P=0.026) whereas not for total daily energy expenditure (15.7+/-2.1 MJ x d(-1) vs. 16.0+/-1.0 MJ x d(-1); P=0.71). The relationship between activity counts and total daily energy expenditure seems to be affected by different training conditions. Therefore these circumstances have to be carefully considered in the interpretation of activity monitor data. PMID:11156280

Ekelund, U; Yngve, A; Sjöström, M; Westerterp, K

2000-11-01